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No. 34.590 

New Leaders in Italy 
Plan Radical Shift 





In Fiscal Policies 




Fascist Issue 
Is Revived 




By Alan Cowell 

_ • Vf ” Yar * Tima Service 

Kn^^rV'* 1 ' ^ artin Luth « 

Sri ■ a Prime Minister 

Silvio Berlusconi pressed Monday for a confi- 

"> P*Wn., sedetoi o <Lu5£ 
™s government fmm ImIv'c r.^,. — “ 

Jobless Rate 
Is a Target 



f i 


hi Financial Markets, AU Eyes Are on the Fed 

By Lawrence Malkin th* no 

*M U.S, economic recovery ac ;• i 

_NEWYORK — Just as there are bulls and bears on Wall 
.Strm, there are two kinds of people in theworid^CS 
g^te, and both are holding tteir breath to? fe fiS 
R^ye Board to raise interest rates on Tuesday. 

One grotip. mostly traders, wants the Fed ' to rive the 
a ^ l^cdiaps /inaldose of medicine so they can 

mu uj a more certain climate Toother, with an eye on the 
• real economy, wants the Fed to cooiiwie raising rates sir-' 
lest it overdo its policy of tig hten in g step-by-step, and s 

se,1,B “ Mtural,y 10 
ggftM 1 S"S," srs^ “g 

wl ^! h f “™« w« be one of 25 or 50 bSs^SS' b 
Syrauons so far this year are any guide, misunder- 

SpS S doS°u^ mfl - ny ji1CTpcricnced traders about whatever 
and wu create more crosscurrenis in- bonds, stocks 
Md currenaes, although some market watchers said they 


goal of A !u G wnsS^fhi ^ i th 2 UBh 0131 is lhe 
I Whl S pPf \ the i, ha ? r r ,an . pf to Federal Reserve ■ 
L When the Fra «aned ugh»enme in February, bond* 

See FED, Page 4 

■ wunuu a 

_ Congress 

ign pcrficy confrontation it largely aban- 
doned after Republicans left the White House, 
threatening political problems for Mr. Clinton 
and confusion for the world. 

The Senate's votes last week to force a 
prompt end to the arms embargo against Bos- 
nia — despite conflicting directives on how to 
do it — amounted to a warning shot that could 
lead to further troubles for Mr. Clinton unless 
Capitol Hill is heeded, many legislators of both 
parties said. 

The restiveness in Congress arises from a 
confluence of forces. The end of the Cold War 
has made foreign issues less dear, and many 
largely regional conflicts have no easy resolu- 
tion. Mr. Clinton ■ has l v#n nmvnm;^i _ 2 .l 

waning Out in Congress 

irow sand m the . . 

— J - -4J ■» ■wvuwm J via 

uon. Mr. Ointon has been preoccupied wid 
domestic concerns and has invited second' 

noise and throw sand in the administration's 
KLBJJSffJS J"* 1 ? 8 Md sometimes 

uu luenang the direction of policy. 

eni SSS P ^.? y D lacfc of . unit y hchiad « coher- 
ratpohey, the Senate in particular appears 
increasinriv wiHmp tn fhaiiMn. u. M/zr 1 . 

and camr it through and, by often change 
couree. Maiqr l^Sators conqslain that the 
president docs not make the cajwhcn nationS 
security interests are at stake, 

,.^ th i8 5 35 members, sharply divereent 

ssS^ ffi 5®3.'c£S 


. r * W¥U(|(« HI UCUUI __ 


f — ■ — „ w> wine ^cc as a Jack of (hem 

SeR^ES 0 **“ BalkailS “ Caribbean «o 

nSf b a ^ set to explode if Mr. 
[““J* t? mihiaiy intervention or. con- 

^' s J sl “ d !mi bl ° furt b" ^ 

K-H 0 !? K ° rea ’ s ouelear weapons intentions 
nang like a heavy doud over the White House 
and Congress. The annual showdown over re- 

newal of mast favored nation status for China 
is neanng, complicated bv concerns about Chi- 
na s role in any conflict mcr Korea. And many 
senators have voiced misgivings over the ad- 
ministration's policy toward Russia and axe 
primed to renew them it the occasion arises. 

“There is a perception that the period of 
Itrace has passed and there are sufficient ques- 
tions about direction that people feel compelled 
toget involved." said Senator John F. Keny, 
Democrat or Massachusetts, a senior member 
of the Foreign Relations Committee. 

Republicans will not go along with a foreign 
policy dictated by domestic political concerns. 

See CONGRESS, Page 4 

-77T“^ WUW Y •win a policy reversal 
-■y" “ “ e three parues m his coalition, the 

Sdrt2? -, NaUOnal ^ lliance * which bad earlier 
said that it was seeking to repeal laws forbid- 

MufsSunr FflSCisI Pany 01 B” 610 

in ^« WOrd of **“ neofascist move emerged 
. re P°" s ' *he party’s leader. Gian- 
r!^?- 00 ^ UU ’ 31 F ,rsl denied knowledge of the 
pariiamemaiy mouon to repeal the law. 

out in a later television interview he went 

{fete SSlv” thC hw should “remain » 

r^\? er]u&COni \ a 57 -- vear -oJd media tycoon, 
came to power m elections on Maroh 27-25 with 

ern lSS? AIliancc and ,he separau'st North- 

AnSSS SfjrftaS 

^fflssasa - " thai Mns - 

er Mr &m nute .speech to the Senate, howev- 
pursued efforts to minimize 
the impact of the neofasdst presence. 

, n ^ ler . If® def “t of fascism in Europe, the 

S 5 SS 3 S 3 S^Ss SMSi* 

“Terences in the historic 

renB? hv f Mr P ? t • TP^bb' a reference to 
remarks by Mr. Ftiu descnbmg Mussolini as 

riie greatest statesman of the century. But Mr 
Berlusconi said, “There is full idemnv of views 

jMsasf " 1 c,v ' 1 iibcrties i ° 6,5 ** basis ° f 

Significantly, the first foreign-policy move 
destSFo™WMi" W BOvernmenl w as to 

iupriE^T^io^ ° f ^ 01 

I would never have anything to do with a 
Mr ' M^ 00 said on Belgian 
£ aSSL ® urf,ve "musters from the NatSn- 

10 do ™ h fte pasi ° r 

SriE" flI PJPY^ions making fasSflS? 
gal- Alliance officials said the parliamentary 
proposal to change the law was signed bv Mr 
ruu himself. Mussolini's granddaughter aW 
sandra Mussolini, who is a National Alliance 
legislator, and other membere of the party. 

iiJk *** ’ ® erlusc °ni's alliance con- 

^ ol . s h dle '™ er ho “* but is short of a majoriiv 
m the Senate, where a small group of lifi- 
“S* “'"eluding Fiat’s dufinaS, GianS 
S ail . d a disgraced former prime minister. 
?lt°^ d 7 0lU ~ hold riie balance along with 
a handful of centrist senators. The Senate is to 

See ITALY, Page 4 

By Aian Friedman 

Infenioiional Herat J Tribune 

shirSu ' ,aI ' V ? , ni!w sovemment plans to 
security charges paid bv 
employers that hire new workers and to imre- 
duce other tax breaks to stimulate job creation 
and coroqrate investment, according to La“ 
toto Dim, the country's new Trea^^ mini^ 

Mj- speaking in his first interview since 
Sffif *“ !> e bop® 1 «o raise at 
mSrW «f b ■ ■ ^ pushlIls ™ accelerated 
P W^,wf pVa r IZ1 ^ 8 stat <«wned companies. 

?r.2!^ aeS ? and °riier plans were 
contained in a far-reaching set of policy pro- 

, Mo K nd S by Prim ® MlfS 

hiivio Berlusoorn to the Senate, where a confi- 
dence vote wUI probably be held on Wednes- 

Wi j?!r£S! S of employer tax burdens, along 
JJS F®* 1 mcenuves. represents a radic^ 
shift in Italian policy. Economists have been 

EU officials dash on deregulation. Page 9. 

recommending similar steps as a way to tackle 
Europe s unemployment crisis. 

How the Berlusconi government fares with 

govemmeni tares with 
dos 5jy by other 
The average 

members of the European Union/ 

unemployment rate throughout the EUislTS 
percent, compared with Italy's 1 IJ percenL ' 

Among the other main economic policy ini- 
uauves announced by Mr. Beriuscomwere; 
ni * A £■ mtroduce “severe" controls on 
public spending, to limit inflarion and to con- 
tain the budget deficit; and to improve public- 
sector finances m order to ensure the compati- 

.•nt^a«ion talian P ° ,icies ** European 

•Fiscal incentives for job training and tax 
breaks for small businesses (with3 to 15 em- 
ployees) that create jobs. 

biftP ^§“'9 erwto greater flexi- 
i unn ® ““ finng, and to provide 
Part-time employmn 

In Craters of Death, the Neu> 

Tf » WwHJKST " * 

io^S. 10 offer “ br,al “ hr “">W 

«.™^ le i e * u 9i nallon ,nc ome tax for workers 
10 m ?f on lare<S6-250) a yw. 
Dinfwh? SfS pr °. Wd ^ few details. But Mr. 

P9* ta5 tremor-general of the 
HU 14 * l ? J 010 riw cabinet, said that cuts 
2,f?£ “ntributions by employe 
t^l hire workers ’could ran for one to three 


Mr. Dini also said that the government was 
“^*"2 P 1 *"* for accelerated depredatS 
for ™‘? actu "9B Plant and equipment, 
for company tax rebates linked to^ capital in- 
Md *» exemptions from^Srire 
ul “ me ' aX on remvested profits. ^ 
IheTreasury minister stressed that he would 
ranam “vigilant against the threat of new 
mflanon resulting from the proposed economic 

He also said that he was determined to en- 
sure that any loss of revenues resulting from 
fiscal incentives would be offset by “counter- 

See POLICY, Page 4 




By Robert G. Kaiser 

Washington Post Service 

NH1 BINH, Vietnam — On Jan. 14, 1970, 
Tlte Washington Post published a front-page 
story describing how American B-52s had 
bombed Nhi Binh village by mistake two years 
earlier. " - 

> Perhaps 150 bombs had fallen sBentfy from 
riant bombers flying five miles up in the sky, 
Kiting 80 villagers and wounding 70 more, 
damaging or destroying many of the villagers’ 
th«triv»dTiuts and leaving vast craters.' ~ •- 
Two years after the bombing, the re^dents of 
- :-Nhi Binh still waited tm promised American 
compensation for the death and destruction. 

'■•When Americans showed up in 197ft yflbgets 
to greet them, hopmg that they were 
the cash. But the visitors came with 

y^rifl ns, not cdsh.' Those visitors were this 
. port^POndcm, his wife and Vu Thuy Hoang, a 

- now. an American arizen, works 

. tQt thj Post in .Washington. The three of us 
• ««*hw rctnifled to Nhi Binh after24yeare.In 
-this village about 25 mfles northwest of the 
former Saigon we found the new Vietnam. 

.It i* a crowded country. The population of 
Vietnam has doubled in these 24-years — it is 

now about 72 n^lion people — and the conse- 
nt Nhi Binh. The village has 

(peaces are visible i ^ _ 

many more structures than it did a generation 
numerous brick and stucco houses have 
joined t ha tched huts erected by the fanners 
who live here. Television aerials have sprouted 
above houses and huts aEke. Nhi Binh's agri- 
cultural economy is prospering. 

At first it was hard to believe that this was the 
same Nhi Binh, but a stone-and-mortar turret, 
once . of a mihria outpost in the village, 
provided a familiar landmark. This was the 

We sought out a local authority and quickly 
found Thai Van Tan, 66, the Communist Party 
secretary in Nhi Binh. Mr. Tan is a small, 
sinewy man whose most striking physical char- 
acteristic is the absence of a right arm. It was 
blown off in a battle in 1969. Until then he had 
been an underground Communist cadre in Nhi 
Binh, o perating secretly and living literally un- 
derground m hideouts dug with his own hands, 
he said. He was captured by the South Viet- 
namese Army after he was wounded and was 
held m a pnsoo camp until the Paris peace 

'i$l 4N. tyV*..'” s> e . » ."SR*" 


"Pi ' 

' ■■ •••-■ 

Settlers Wound 
Arabs in Hebron 


See RETURN, Page 5 



By Philip Shenon 

New York Times Service 
<GKOK — The Mari boro Man has 
Fffecaer pastures. 

! c^arette-hawkmg cowboy may be under 
home in the United Stales from 
s-a^heahh advocates determined to 

_ v- 

J ’ 



“fS^QWS^Itriaon screens. 

An ^M«rihOTo dgatettes have never been 
the contmen t that is home to 
w P®oeatcf ^wenid's jxqjulation. 

pWorM’S'X^arett^makers, Asia is the 
uitaj*— i.l H tbor savior. 

_ Industry critics who hope that the multina- 
ttonal tobacco companies are headed for ex- 
tinction owe themselves, a stroll down the to- 
bacco-scented streets of almost any city in Asia. 

Almost evaywiiere here the air is thick with 
the swirling gray haze of cigarette smoke, the 
evidence of a booming Asian growth market 
that promises vast profits for the tobacco indus- 
try and a- death toll measured in the tens of 
million* . 

At lunchtime in Seoul, throngs of fashion- 
ably dressed young Korean women gather in a 
fast-food restaurant to enjoy a last cigarette 

:’s in Asia) 

aied by the World Health Organization, the 
thanks) _maiket should grow bv more 

tiun a thtrd dtmng the 1990s, with much of the 


!5ttSSr ,,fc ^*« 

dg ^ tte 88168 « expected to de- 
- 5 P®* 111 ty be end of the 
dmdj a reflection of the move to ban public 

^United States. Sales in 

tries a™ .| Un ^ ,c 811(1 industrialized coun- 

ts are also expected to drop. 

Monday after it was announced that some bobbies would carry sdeanns. Page! 

HEBRON, West Bank (Reuters) —Armed 

jewisn rettleis marching near a mosque pro- 
voked violent dashes with Palestinians here 
on Monday, where a settler massacred about 
ao Arabs m a mosque in February. 

Hospital officials said 18 Arabs had been 
shot and wamded. two seriously, by settlers 
and soldiers. Youths threw stones and burned 
ures throughout the city after settlers fired at 
Arabs during an incident outside the AJi 
Baka mosque, witnesses said. 

. International observers, sent to ease len- 
aon after the mosque massacre, were barred 
from the area by Israeli soldiers. The army 
also expelled reporters and confiscated two 
cassettes from a television cameraman. 

Related article. Page 4 







ChunnePs Truck Debut 

The Eurotunnel consortium said it would 
begin limited freight service by transporting 
trucks through the Channel Tunnel on Thurs- 
day. nearly a year later than scheduled. 
.Normal freight service is not expected to 
begin until June 13. however, and regular 
passenger service not until October. (Page 1 1 ) 

Book Review- 

Page 4. 
Page 4. 



11^2 ;K &■ 
g 3671.50 ^ !p 


0^9% p 

111.52 W 

The Dollar 

New Yo*. 

Mon dose 














Yemen Secession Seen 



ADEN, Yemen 
meni leaders met 

Reuters) — Southern > e- 
ate Monday to consider 

South Yemeni state amid mounting milit -.r. 
pressure m a dvil war with northern foes. i. 
senior European diplomat said. 

■^ des 10 Vice President Ali Salem Baid 
said the pobtuati bureau of his Yemeni So- 
cialist Party was in session. In the morning, 
the diplomat said, “They might announce a 
new southern state.” 

ftii to matter how tod the new is i„ the 

-^Sftwsstond Prices 

Luxemboure 60 L Fr . 
Morocco 12 Ph 

fL “^ l ? i | 

•SB 0. Reunion ....11 ^ FF 


^Senegal ..^.960 CFA 

•01^ Spain ......200 PTAS 

I'^ynJslo.M.l.OOO Din 

JTKey ^.T.L.S5i000 

gmmAE Dfrti 

; ( Eur.) $1*10 

Now, Some Very Bad News About Margarine 

,hc L,ni,a) S,JI “ “ ch - v “ r - a “ OTdins ,b ■ 

Iaim nf Cslnn nosieltK. e> ‘*" 



before returning to work, a scene that draws West iHp UB *i “ e ncws “ the 

distressed stares from older Koreans who re- in Aria and ruid comfon 

member a time when it would have been'sean- keBSS^tt 7 ^ Worid ' Dw ' 

the « ^important . An^n market s«m 

dalous for women from respectable homes to 





ftofy r _ 

JCI • titx w wl wUIOIL 

l0 Jn Phnom war-shattered capita] of ‘TbmefcSTSMt ^ *““• 

Cambodia, visitors leaving an audience with thatmwkerc J!? 611 * suggest 
Kina Sihanmik are greeted with a giant bill- ^ ^tensnee between 

wrrf nisnted riaht across tBe street from his Joragn_ brands and the 


SSSdriSrt and the 
I' ^vertases Lncky af^fS;.- 

See TOBACCO, Page 4 


i ^ CCO niing to tobacco industry projections 

researcher --..^..according 

.a. V"?' rescarc ^ r! ’ repined l-.y >car that diets high in margarine. ]on° 
touted as a healthy alternative to butter, and similar foods could double 
the nsk of heart attack 

. 5“ ! ^ VVj, * er Wl,,cft ‘ nutntion chief at Harvard University and a 
iMding researcher f-n diet and hean disease, goes even further in a 
rommentary published Monday by ihe American Journal of Public 
Health, saying that the trans fatty adds found in those foods are 
probably worse than saturated fat. 

“Many people who are trying to make good nutritional derisions for 


" f0Od 

Ihe name Sns of thee’Sods w! J^rtS d “h “iT'i.ll!! 1 ®' 

tiiey contain no cholesSofL^^ 

know that the trens fats they contain £ bid, tof Dr^Wfll Tj** * 










Page 2 


Breathing Space for Major 

Labor’s Leadership Battle May Be Divisive 

By William E. Schmidt 

New York Time Sr'rw.r 

LONDON — For months. (he biggest question 
in British politics has been whether Prime Minister 
John Major will survive as leader of the Conserva- 
tive Partv, which has been racked by squabbling 
over its plummeting popularity and rifts over Eu- 
ropean policy. 

Now the Labor Party opposition, with the death 
last Thursday of its leader. John Smith, is facing a 
potentially divisive debate of its own. In the next 
few weeks, the party must negotiate the politically 
perilous task of choosing a new chief. 

Since Mr. Smith had taken over as leader two 
years ago. offer the pony's founh consecutive 
defeat in a national election, he had amiably united 
Labor's quarrelsome factions and restored the par- 
ty machine lo fighting trim, precisely when the 
Conservatives have been floundering. 

Earlier this month. Labor battered the govern- 
ing Tories in town and county elections, and polis 
predict even bigger Labor victories in voting next 
month for the European Parliament. 

Last weekend, amid pleas for unity and a sus- 
pension of campaigning until Mr. Smith’s funeral 
this Friday. Labor rivals were quietly lining up 
support within the party. Its rank and file are 
divided between the old-style trade unionists and 
the so-called modernists who want to nudge the 
party more toward the political center. 

Surveys of party members in London newspa- 
pers suggested that the strongest support was 
building for Tony Blair, the party's telegenic 41- 
y ear-old spokesman on domestic affairs. 

Because of his youthful appeal and a willingness 
to address traditional Conservative issues like law 
and order. Mr. Blair is described by his supporters 
as an even more formidable challenger than Mr. 
Smith would have been, especially in areas of 
southern England where Labor has been shut out 
in Ihe last four national ballots. 

The Daily Telegraph, a newspaper thai tradi- 
tionaliv backs Torv candidates, called Mr. Blair 

“the man Conservatives most fear as a future 
leader of the Labor Party." 

But Bill Connor, an official of the shopworkers' 
union and a member of the parly’s executive com- 
mittee, said he was skeptical of Mr. Blair’s commit- 
ment toward trade unions, whose membership still 
makes up the bulk of the party's hard-core political 
and financial support. 

Mr. Blair and Gordon Brown. 43. a former 
television journalist who is a dose friend of Mr. 
Blair’s, are the preferred choices of the party’s 
more moderate wing. On the left, the candidates 
most often mentioned are John Prescott. 55. a 
political brawler and former union offidal: Robin 
Cook. 48. the party spokesman on trade and indus- 
try. and Margaret Beckett. 55. who was Mr. 

Smith’s deputy. 

Under new rules that Mr. Smith helped engineer 
last year to break the hold of block voting by trade 
unions, the new leader will be selected by an 
electoral college. One-third of the delegates will be 
chosen by a ballot of Britain's 4J million trade 
unionists, one-third by a vote of Labor members of 
Parliament, and one-third by the party* s 250.000 
full members. 

There is wide agreement that Labor's loss of Mr. 
Smith may have given Mr. Major some breathing 
space. Lord Howe, a former member of Margaret 
Thatcher's cabinet, said a Labor leadership contest 
would afford “a respite from the rather frenzied 
discussions" over dumping Mr. Major. 

The death of Mr. Smith, felled at 55 by his 
second heart attack in six years, may have helped 
Mr. Major in another way: by casting doubt on the 
fitness of Michael Hesdtine, 61. often cited as his 
chief Conservative challenger. 

Mr. Hesdtine. six years older than Mr. Smith, 
has only recently recovered from a bean attack he 
suffered last year. A member of Mr. Major's cabi- 
net, Mr. Hesdtine sought to allay doubts, telling 
an interviewer, “I would question any suggestion 
that 1 am not 100 percent fit.'' 

Rkln ft<fek'RcMcr> 

Tony Hair, die British Labor Party’s front-runner, leaving Ms London borne on Monday. 

In Break With Past, Some London Bobbies Will Garry Guns 

.Vm >.ii> Time* X.Wi. r 

LONDON — Scotland Yard rewrote 
rules on Monday that have traditionally 
barred police officers from openly carrying 
guns, and for the first lime will send a few 
dozen specially trained bobbies into the 
streets this summer, wearing sidearms in 
hip holsters. 

The change in the arming policy — pro- 
voked by a growing number of violent 
assaults on police officers — will go unno- 
ticed by most resident* and visitors to the 

All but a handful of London's uni- 
formed bobbies will continue to walk their 
beats and ride patrols cars without weap- 
ons. as thev have done since the London 

police force was established more than a 
century ago. 

But while the new policy' affects only a 
few pa tail officers, police officials said it 
had a much larger symbolic importance, as 
one more step toward providing bobbies 
with the kinds of weapons they need to 
defend themselves. 

“1 think we all value the traditional im- 
age of the British bobby," said Paul Con- 
don. the superintendent of the Metropoli- 
tan Police Department of London, at a 
news conference. 

"But we have to police the real world, 
and ihe equipment and training must have 
some link with the real world." 

.After having had two officers killed in 

recent months, two others shot and several 
stabbed, Mr. Condon said. “1 am not pre- 
pared to to ask them to carry out their job 
without better protection." 

The change in policy was endorsed by 
government, which announced the new 
measures earlier Monday as a “measured 
response" to the problems facing the po- 

But while the Home Secretary, Michael 
Howard, said the move was “an important 
step in providing the police with better 
protection," he also said he believed most 
British police would re main unarmed for 
“a long, long time to come." 

In addition to allowing a handful of 
officers to cany sidearms while on duty. 

Mr. Condon also authorized police officers 
to carry 22-inch-long, nylon riot sticks rou- 

Wooden nightsticks 12 to 14 inches long 
now are the standard issue. 

He also said London police officers 
would test the use of pepper-gas sprays, as 
a way “to disorient" violent subjects, and 
would conduct trials on the feasibility of 
equipping all beat officers with bullet- and 
stab-resistant vests. 

The measures are a result of growing 
pressure from police organizations to allow 
officers to carry belter weapons to defend 
themselves against criminals who are them- 
selves belter armed. 

The new gun policy applies only to what 

German Youth Charged With Leading Anti- Foreigner Riot Go-Ahead 

By Stephen Kinzer 

,\Vw York Timet 5 
BERLIN — Facing sharp criti- 
cism from politicians and human- 
rights leaders, policemen in the 
East German city or Magdeburg 
brought charges Monday against a 
teenager suspected of being the 
ringleader of a riot 3gainst foreign- 
ers there last week. 

Magdeburg’s chief prosecutor. 
Rudolf Jaspers, said the suspect 
was 19 years old and was believed 
to be the leader of a local neo-Nazi 
group with about 80 members. He 
is being charged wirh “an especially 

serious case of disturbing the 
peace.” Mr. Jaspers said. 

Following normal procedure. 
Mr. Jaspers declined to identify the 
suspect. He said investigators 
hoped to bring charges against oth- 
er suspects. 

On Thursday, a gang of about 
150 neo-Nazis, skinheads and other 
thugs chased asylum-seekers, most 
of them from Sierra Leone and Ni- 
geria, through the streets and into a 
caffe owned by a local Turk. 

In the subsequent clash, at least 
four assailants were stabbed by 
Turkish-born cafe employees who 

tried to defend the asylum-seekers. 

After the clash, anti -foreigner 
gan gs roamed the streets for hours 
in search of victims, and there were 
several assaults. The police arrested 
49 suspecis but quickly released all 
except one man. who was being 
sought on an unrelated charge. 
They said they could not identify 
any of the 49 as having been re- 
sponsible for specific crimes. 

Several prominent Germans 
strongly criticized the police for not 
preventing the violence, for failing 
to film it and for quickly releasing 
the suspects. 

“It is horrible, and it is difficult 
for any of us to accept," President 
Richard von Weizsflcker said in a 
broadcast interview. 

“It is hard to understand how, as 
we see from television pictures, 
hoodlums or right-wing extremists 
can charge through the streets 
breaking windows and attacking 
people, and then 50 or more arc 
arrested, but that same night 
they’re all released," he said. "Are 
they supposed to go out the next 
night and do the same thing 

The bead of Germany’s principal 

Roy Plunkett, Teflon Inventor, Dies at 83 

.Vw Yttrf. r riwrr Senior 

Roy J. Plunkett. 83. the scientist 
whose accidental invention or Tef- 
lon 50 years ago not only changed 

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Member of U tell International 

the way A men cans cook but also 
helped develop a multibiilion-dol- 
lar plastics industry, died Thursday 
of cancer in Corpus Chris ti. Texas. 

In 1938. Mr. Plunkett was a 
young research chemist in a Du 
Pont Co. laboratory in Deepwater. 
New Jersey, conducting an experi- 
ment on a possible new refrigerant 
when he discovered that be had 
created a new product. 

Mr. Plunkeu recalled later that 
be was looking disappointedly at a 
glob of white, waxy material inside 
a laboratory cylinder, thinking the 
experiment a failure, when he de- 
cided to test the material for prop- 
erties other than refrigeration. He 
found it to be resistant to beat to 
be chemically inert and. belter yet, 
to have very low surface friction, so 
it would not stick to anything. 

Teflon, the trade name for the 
polyieirafluoroethylene resin, was 
to become a household name in 
cooking pans, and three-quarters of 
the pots and pans sold in the Unit- 
ed Slates are now coated with Tef- 
lon or one of its cousins. 

Mr. Plunkeu was awarded a pat- 
ent in 1941 for his invention. 

To subscribe in France j 

juV coll. tcU free, | 

0 5 037 437 | 

The new. nonstick substance also 
revolutionized the plastics industry 
by moving such synthetic materials 
into applications never before be- 
lieved possible. 

Erwin dikes, 56, Publisher 
Of Nonfiction for 25 Years 

NEW YORK (NTT) — Erwin 
A. Glikes, 56, a leading publisher of 
nonfiction books for a quarter-cen- 
tury, whose authors included some 
of the most prestigious figures in 
American intellectual life, died Fri- 
day night of a heart attack. 

Since 1969, when be left a post as 
associate dean of Columbia Col- 
lege, Mr. Glikes, who worked at 
three different publishing compa- 
nies over the years, gamed a reputa- 
tion for a rare talent in contempo- 
rary publishing: making 
commercial successes of serious 
books on public policy, history and 

He was the president and pub- 
lisher of Basic Books for seven 
years in the mid-1970s, the publish- 
er of the trade division at Simon & 
Schuster and, since 1983. the presi- 
dent and publisher of The Free 

After the sale of Macmillan Pub- 
lishing Co., the parent of The Free 
Press, to Paramount Communica- 

tions. Mr. Glikes had begun work- 
ing only a few weeks ago at Pen- 
guin U.SA_ where be was to be in 
charge of a new nonfiction divi- 
sion. True North Publishing. 

Among the authors published bv 
Mr. Glikes were George Will. 
Judge Robert Berk and Michael 
Porter, whose “Competitive Ad- 
vantage of Nations" was among his 
early successes. 

EBas Motsoatefi, 70. a longtime 
African National Congress activist 
who was imprisoned by the South 
African government along with 
Nelson Mandela Tor more than two 
decades, died Tuesday in Johan- 

Sheikh Mohammed Mekfd Na- 
riri, 88. a Moroccan nationalist 
party leader, former cabinet minis- 
ter and leading Muslim scholar, has 

Helen Lee MeL 63. who starred 
in Hong Kong-made films in the 
1950s and '60s. died of cancer 
Thursday in Portland. Oregon. 

Thuotin Carey. 65. a character 
actor who played in more than 50 
films, ranging from “Paths of Glo- 
ry" and “One-Eyed Jacks" to 1960s 
beach movies, and who often took 
the part of a villain, died Wednes- 
day in Los Angeles after suffering a 

Jewish organization. Ignatz Bubis. 
told a Cologne newspaper, “The 
failure of the police to protect these 
people is scandalous.” 

Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkd 
said Sunday that the government 
“deeply deplores" the Magdeburg 
violence and added. “We now have 
new grounds for shame." 

Several hundred people marched 
through the streets of Magdeburg 
Monday lo show solidarity with 
foreigners, the second such march 
since Thursday. Police camera 
teams filmed both marches, saying 
that thev feared violence. 

Residential Zone 
In Tuzla Is Hit 
By Heavy Sheik 

A genu- Fruiter Prcue 

TUZLA, Bosnia- Herzegovina — 
Two heavy artillery shells hit a resi- 
dential area of the mainly Muslim 
industrial town of Tuzla on Mon- 
day. causing panic witnesses said. 

It was the third consecutive day 
the northeastern Bosnian town had 
been shelled The shells appear to 
have come from Serbian positions 
about 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) to 
the northeast. 

On Wednesday two persons were 
killed and four were injured during 
shelling, prompting local authori- 
ties to close schools. 

Earber. officials of the UN force 
said in Sarajevo that three pieces of 
heavy weaponry bad been sighted 
in a Serbian-controlled neighbor- 
hood in central Sarajevo. The pres- 
ence of the weapons — two mortar 
guns and an anu-aircmf t cannon — 
would violate the 20-kilometer ex- 
clusion zone imposed by the UN. 

In Belgrade, a Russian special 
envoy. Vj tali I. Churkin, emerged 
from a meeting with Slobodan Mi- 
losevic. the Serbian president, to 
say that he would “very soon" rec- 
ommend to UN officials a meeting 
of the warring parties to negotiate 
an end to the'fightm£. 

On Pill for 

French abortion pill RU-486 
will be tested in the United 
States under an agreement 
with the manufacturer to do- 
nate its patent rights to a U.S. 
nonprofit organization, it was 
announced Monday. 

Roassel Uclaf, which has re- 
fused to allow the pill to be 
used in the United States be- 
cause of concern about pro-' 
tests by abortion opponents, 
said it had agreed to. donate 
patent rights lo the Population 
CounciL ' 

“After long negotiations 
with the Population Council, 
Roussel Uclaf has agreed to 
the above solution, which 
eliminates its involvement in 
tbe manufacture and distribu- 
tion of RU-486 in the United . 
States," the company said. 

Representative Ron Wyden. 
an Oregon Democrat who has 
been working for testing of 
RU-486 in the United States, 
said that the pQl would be test- 
ed on about 2,000 women for 
several months beginning this 

• The tests wiB allow the 1 
Food and Drug Administra- 
tion to determine whether the 
piU is safe for general use. 

He said the piU would be | 
used only up to the seventh 
week of pregnancy. 

The secretary of health and 
human services, Donna E. 
Shalala. said tbe agreement 
had been reached with the en- 
couragement of the Clinton 

“This action is an important 
step toward providing tbe 
women of .America access (o 
nonsurgical alternatives to 
pregnancy termination," she 


Food Aid Reaves „ 

woouoiuu. .** sraaswoman iui- ------ . A nude it „ 

Cross said one track carrying 12 ions °f southwest erf 

town of Gitaradia. hfeadquajters of a rump government, 
ghostlike capital Kigali. J- TuesdnV. The RN 

Another truck is-plannedio make the same mp ^ neighboring 
Cross spokeswoman said a surgical team akw tnaoe it 

Bunindi toKabgayusouthwfetof thecapitaL ^ uts j clan. were 

Refugees in Kabeayi. ratnnlY from lhc Ref usees said 

reportef&ing out an existence in subhuniancofl^^^ Q[ ^ps a nu 
that they were Virtually btingtert P n50 r ae J and butchered 

that people were repeatedly puMout of tlwcwnpouna 
by death, squads £rom tbernajor w Hutu tnoe. 

Cease-Fire in Nag^rno-Kai^akh^ ^ 

naiy accord in Moscow for tite';dephyyra em 01 
disputed enclave, the Interfax agency saKSff- . with the en- 

The waning parties, meeting under rouil cease-fire to 

clave’s separatist Armenian autboritics. a^Lf eed 10 . 

come into effect at midnight Tuesday, ihe .wreation within the 

Tbepaniesalso signed a prdirainaiyaccoraL manned by 

conflict zone,- .as of May 24* -of 49 ol * set *?\f , ^Z wea i t h erf Indepen- 
Ruaian,. Armenian, Azerbaijani and other ConS|g™* which is lo 

dent States troops and commanded by .Russians. 'TraRp ® deployment in 
be formalized .Tuesday, also provides for tbe subseqSs^;, . 1 jeTS> 
tbe enclave of a l,800^trongfleace force of common 

Haiti Military Regime Expands Co 3 p 

. . . PpRT-AU-FRJNCE, ; HaitT (AP) - j, Haiti’s^^y-back^ 

orders from the army or its /tew avxEno figurehead. . . . , 

The -developments increased political tension in Haiti, where real 
power has come from, the military 'since the overthrow of the elected 
pretidenutiw Reverend Jean-Benrand Aristide, in 1991. 

The army’s surrogate. EnnlerJonassahu, 81 .-announced that be would 
serve both as provisional president and as prime minister, violating a 

«an mediation withtbe^' 
freed to a total cease-fire to 
r zenev said. ... 

are described as “armed response vehi- 
cles." in which officers who are specially 
trained in firearms use are now aligned 
Currently, there are five such cars on patrol 
in London at any one time; Mr. Condon 
said be would increase the number of these 
patrols to 12 by the summer. . 

At present, the weapons are carried in- 
side a locked metal box in the vehicle,, and 
axe only taken out by the officers when 
they arrive on the scene or an incident, and 
only with the authorization of a senior 

Under the new policy, the pobce officers 
will routinely carry six-shot. Smith & Wes- 
son Model 10 revolvers in bip holsters. 


of-stale and goverimreni: He made the decision bydecree. His statement, 
which listed -his cabinet selections, was broadcast on army -controlled 
state news media.* : 

Jakarta Warhs IMam Timor 

JAKARTA (AP) — Indonesia’s foreign minister, expressing hope Tor 
cancellation of- a conference in Manila on East Timor* has warned the 
Philippines not to underestimate hisnation'sdepth.of-feefingon the Issue. 

Foreign Minister Ah Alatas spoke at a news conference Monday after 
meeting withaspedaLenvoy sent by President Fidel V. Ramos of the 
Ph0rppmek;in an attempt to mollify; Indonesian leaders, who have 
.complained .-that. the planned conference interferes in their country's 
internal affairs. ' r ;■ C 4 . ... 

Indonesia annexed the Portuguese colony of East Timor in 1976 and 
considers it its 27th province. A-Timorese resistance movement is fighting 
for its independence: Although the United Nations still, recognizes 
Portugal as East Tuner’s administering power.- Indonesia says East 
Tunors people have decided in favor of integration with'lndonesa. 

Cost of Qiemob^i Closure Is Raised 

KIEV (AP) —Ukrainian of fkaals saidMonday thatli would cost from 
56 bflhoa to 58 bxllion to dose the Chernobyl midear power plant, twice 
their estimate ealOer tins month. ' 

The officials gave the rcrised figures at Kiev’s Borispol airport, upon 
return from the United States, where they discussed nuclear; arms 
agreements and cooversioaprqjccts. The United States and die European 
Union are calling fortbedosorc of the Chernobyl plant because of safety 
concerns. Ukraine has said it cannot afford to shut it down. ' 

Deputy Prime Minister Valeri Shmarov said five reactors would have 
to be buQt to replace the plant, at a cost of 51.5 bdfion. He said 523 
bOlkm would beneededfor safety measures at Chernobyl and more than 
$2 billion to update Ukraine's non-nuclear power sector over the next 

Chinese Arrest 3 Labor ^(hganiz^s . 

BEUING (AP)— The police have arrested thro men who were trying 
to organize workers in the sweatshop factories of southern China, a 
Chinese source said Monday. The arrests were the' latest move in a 
government effort to prevent independent action among workers unhap- 
py over soaring prices and the erosion of job security. 

By June 3, President Bill Clinton must decide whether to renew China’s 
low-tariff trade status. Mr. Clinton has said renewal of most-favored- 
naticsi status depends on whether China has improved its human-rights 

The Chinese source said -the three men were trying to organize an 
in depend enT union in the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, just across 

»L. r IT- - XT TL-. I— .J - ■ e ■ . 

the border from Hong Koflg. They had pm out two issues of a mimeo- 
graphed underground newsletter that aired worker complaints over low 
pay, farced overtime and unsafe work conditions, and informed workers 
about tows and -relations. protecting their interests. 


Greek Air Controllers Plan Strike 

ATHENS (AP) — Air-traffic controllers in Greek airports announced 
a 48-hour strike beginning Tuesday that would create chaos for thou- 
sands of fans arriving for the European Champions Cup soccer final on 
Wednesday night 

Dimitris Petrissis, an official of the civil aviation union, said Monday 
that about 300 flights were scheduled to arrive late Monday through 
Wednesday hath Italian and Spanish fans for the AC Mflan-Barcelona 

. Mr. Petrissis said the strike was called to protest legislation before. 
Parliament that would put civil aviation employees under the control of 
tool governors. He said traffic controllers wanted to “remain under the 
jurisdiction of the ministry of communication." 

France's anfine industry faced new troubles Tuesday in a 24-hour strike 
by. Air 'Inlet. The strike arises from the same cause that set Paris and 
London at loggerheads over landing rights last week: French government 
efforts to protect money-losing Air France. It took control of 72 percent 
°t Air^ I nter in 1990 under a pact that forces the company to serve 
unprofitable internal routes and tors it from Air. France’s lucrative 
external routes. Meanwhile, Air Libenfe said Tuesday that it would 
complain to the European Com m ission about problems in obtaining 
access to Heathrow airport (Page 11). 6 

Tbe mail! plots' onion in Moscow has called on Russia’s 40,000 pilots 
to go ou strike starting Wednesday to protest falling safety standards and 
poor reti r e m ent benefits, the union’s leader said Monday. . (AFP) 
Various ptaas to butt a InlnTuAMnl A - . . 


v . ,-r - . 
-^TTA f- 

. "l* 

open m 2004 -were unveiled Wednesday lor public comment, fead k 
stretched dose to its limit, Tanpelhof is used for short flightsfand 
Schoenefdd. in what was East Be n i n , has poor road connections. (.4 Pi 
Iran Air inaugurated a weekly flight , to Alma-Ala in Kazal/ 
Monday, the offidal press agency 1RNA said. • 

Tbe vrorkTs biggest redmhig Buddha will be officially i*' 
Wednesday on a hfll in Sanshui city, 40 kiJpmeten (25 tmf 
Guangzhou, China. Tbe statue is 16 meters (51 feet) high an^ 

(352 feet) long. j 3 

• X’f- r. 



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Se cret s Make s Left off Work 

promises universal insurance, the pivotal Senate 
Finance Committee is probablv funner awav from 
talcing a position than any of the other concessio- 
nal committees working on the topic. 

Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Democrat of 
New York, who heads the committee, and its 
other members expect the committee to play the 
central role in shaping a bill. They point to their 
own knowledge about health, the fact that the 11- 
to-9 ratio of Democrats to Republicans mirrors 
the Senate itself and, not least, their jurisdictional 
authority over taxes. Medicare and Medicaid. 

And while some senators who stronglv back 
President Bill Ginton's approach to the issue con- 
tend that they could overcome elsewhere a dead- 
lock in the Finance Committee, many consider 
that impossible. 

Of the five congressional committees with major 
roles on health. Finance is the least partisan, the 
most amiable and. so far, the most secretive of 
them all. It has also set itself the slowest pace, 
meeting privately for a couple of hours a week, 
and not yet trying to write the outlines of a health- 
care bill. 

A Republican praised Mr. Moynihan’s informal 
approach, which he said compared to a senior 
common-room discussion over sherry. ( jy j'yj 



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•■’*«*! % 

WASHINGTON — The Cold War may be 
over, but the task of keeping millions and millions 
of government. documents away from the prying 
eyes of America's enemies still keeps more than 
32J97 workers employed full time, according to 
the firstnever tally by government agencies. 

And the government may be spending more 
than 516 billion a year to safeguard a growing 
stockpile of national security secrets created or 
managed by these workers, industry estimates and 
the new accounting for I he Office of Management 
and Budget show. 

Stay-one percent .-if this cost, or an estimated 

. ii n? reflec j£ w hat defense contractors 
fold tot U S. goWH'nn jen t they were billing Wash- 
ington for classF-jcatiOD expenses in 1989. No 
contractor estrones have been made since then. 

■ hist week they believe the costs 

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ecunu. >— 

^ addrOc^j S128 billion reflects what federal 
ipFa the Office of Management and Bud- 
'nvw^'iU spend this year to protea classified 
mio ^ffiation. And S20G million more reflects what 
_ intelligence community recently estimated it is 
spending on security, a classified figure that many 
government officials and independent experts de- 
scribe as an understatement. ( WP) 

Young American Criminals: A 

Right ? 9 

Quote/ Unquote 

PoSng the Health-Care Crawl 

_ WASHINGTON — Although its chairman in- 
sists it wOI eventually back a health-care bill that 

President Clinton, after meeting with Judge Ste- 
phen G. Breyer, his new Supreme Court nominee: 
"This is the last time 1*11 ever look over his shoul- 

der. He’ll spend the rest of his career looking over 
my shoulder, and ray successors’." (AP) 

By Isabel Wilkerson 

Nt *■ York Tines Service 
DETROIT — It was a wave of the hand 
from a 10-year-old boy with a Botticelli face 
and Dennis the Menace bangs that brought 
Elizabeth Alvarez to her death on a humid 
afternoon last August. 

The boy, Jacob Gonzales, wheeled around 
a bank parking lot on the banana seat of a 
pink bicycle he had stolen and looked for a 
robbery victim. His accomplice, Damien 
Dorris, 14, a drug dealer who owed the 
neighborhood kingpins 5430, lay in wait near 
the automated teller machine. 

Mrs. Alvarez, pregnant and the mother of 
three, was hurrying to get cash for a birthday 
parly. She passed by little Jacob and smiled. 
“Isn't it a good day?" Jacob said she asked. 
Jacob nodded in agreement and watched her 
walk toward the machin e. He signaled to 
Damien when their prey ™dg her withdraw- 

But Mrs. Alvarez refused to hand over her 
$80, so Damien shot her in the head with a 
.22-caliber pistol. 

Then the boys ran off to divide the pro- 
ceeds. Jacob's take was S20. He bought a 
chili dog and some Batman toys. Both boys 
were arrested the next morning. 

Damien pleaded guilty to second-degree 
murder. Jacob, whose detention garb had to 
be rolled up at the ankles and wrists and 
secured at the waist to keep from falling off. 

pleaded guilty to armed robbery. Both boys 
were sentenced to the maximum term, to 
remain in stare custody until they are 2], 

Sitting in an office at a children's home in 
Flint. Michigan, recently. Jacob twined a 
pen, bis feet dangling from a chair, not quite 
touching the floor, and tried to explain that 
violent day. 

"Some stuff bad happened," he said, flip- 
ping the pat in the air and catching it before 
throwing it up again. “It was a game. It 
wasn't to kill ine lady. It wasn't supposed to 
be like that. It was a game, right? 1 

The country is facing a crisis of violence 
among young people unlike any before, 
criminologists say. Even as violent crime 
overall has leveled off since 1990 and the 
□umber of teenagers has declined, arrests of 
people under 18 for violent crime rase 47 
percent from 1988 to 1992, according to the 

The rise in violence among the young 
crosses racial, class and geographic bound- 
aries. From 1982 to 1992, FBI statistics 
show, the rate of arrests for violent crimes 
rose twice as fast among young whites as 
among young blacks. 

Still, young blacks were arrested at five 
tiroes the rate of young whites for violent 
crimes, making them responsible for half of 
such crimes. The white rate jumped to 126 
arrests per 100.000 whites under the age of 
18, from 82. The black rate rose to 677 

arrests for every 100.000 blacks under 18. 
from 533. 

The high rate of violent crime among 
blacks is linked to their high rate of poverty. 
Mid Dr. Mark Rosenberg, director of the 
Nauonal Center for Injury Prevention and 
Control at the Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention in Atlanta. 

“Race is not a cause." Dr. Rosenberg said. 
“This is an American problem.” 

One in six arrests for murder, rape, rob- 
bery or assault is of a suspect under IS. 
Slayings by these teenagers alone has risen 
by 124 percent from 1986 to 1991, according 
to the latest FBI statistics. In 1992, the FBI 
said, young people killed 3,400 people na- 

A change in weaponry from the knives of 
the past to the guns of today has been a 
major factor in the rise in slayings by juve- 
niles, criminologists say. But there is evi- 
dence that young people are more violent 
today than a decade ago, even without weap- 
ons, according to the bureau statistics. 
Young people committed twice as many as- 
saults without a weapon in 1992 as in 1982. 
143368 to 73387. 

_ Violence among the young is growing at a 
time when a generation of children bora to 
tentage mothers is coming of age in neigh- 
borhoods already weakened by the addictive 
power of crack and the force of the drug 

Although adults, primarily those in their 
20s and 30s. account for the majority of ail 
crimes, criminologists say those committed 
by young people can escalate out of control 
because youngsters tend to act impulsively. 

“Kids are the most dangerous criminals 
out there,” said Charles Patrick Ewing, a 

S and forensic psychologist who is a 
Of of law at the State University of 
oik at Buffalo and author of the book. 
“Kids Who Kill" (Lexington Books, 1990). 

They may take a life over a jacket or a 
disdainful look, often without remorse or an 
understanding of the consequences. 

Many older armed robbers will say. “Give 

,v. ’ ...... . — - k. c.,:.. 

up the money,’ and let you go." Mr7 Ewing 
said. “A kid may or may not kill ; 

you depend- 
ing upon the whim of the moment.” 

While violent crime occurs at a dispropor- 
tionately higher rate in dues than in suburbs 
and among blacks than among whites, 

S Jth/uJ rampages that once seemed con- 
ed to inner dues are now striking suburbs 
and farm towns as well. 

The number of teenagers is expected to 
rise by as much as 20 peroral in the next 10 
years and by an even greater percentage' 
among poorer minority teenagers. It is a 
demographic trend that criminologists say 
could mean a further increase in violence and 
an increase in the number of stales treating 
young criminals as adults. 



Manila on East} 

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POLL-DAY STROLL — President J 
waging with army generals in a Santo 

Ricardo of fee Donrinfcan Republic 
He was seeking re-election on Monday. 

Nominee Pledges to ‘Make Law Work for People’ 

ire i 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Introduced 
to Americans as a jurist “with the 
bean and head of a reformer." the 
new Supreme Court nominee. Ste- 
phen G. Breyer, promised Monday 
to cut through legal jargon and 
“make law work for people." 

Sounding a theme of President 
Bill Qin ton’s political campaigns. 

the Boston appellate judge said, 
the current 

•r-rifee • •* 

rite all the current cynicism, 
le can work together and gov- 
ernment can better the lives of ordi- 
nary ci tizens. ” 

Mr. Clin ion formally introduced 
Judge Breyer in a White House 
ceremony three days after ending a 
search to replace Justice Harry 
Blackmun, who is retiring. Judge 
Breyer was unable to attend the 
announcement on Friday. 

Opening the campaign to con- 
firm Judge Breyer, the president 
said his nominee would forge coali- 
tions on the Supreme Court, deftly 
interpret the Constitution and pay 
heed to the needs of ordinary citi- 
zens. He said Judge Breyer would 
“grace the court with greatness," 

Judge Breyer is getting raves 
from Republican and Democratic 
senators. Mr. Clinton said, “Judge 
Breyer will bring to the court a 
wen-recognized and impressive 
ability to build bridges in the pur- 
suit of justice:" 

Mr. Clinton was later asked 
about criticism that he raved in to 
Republicans, including Senator 
Oran Hatch of Utah, in selecting 
Judge Breyer. 

“That just isn’t right," Mr. Clin- 
io n said. “I believe in this guy,” 
Senator Howard M. Metzen- 
baum. Democrat of Ohio, provided 
tbe only sour note, saying while 
Judge Breyer was still circulating 
among guests that the Boston judge 
was not supportive of consumers 
and “tbe fact that tbe president had 
to dear it with Republicans is 
somewhat embarrassing.” 

He stud Judge Breyer had ruled 
on 16 separate antitrust cases on 
(he side of business. 

Judge Breyer thanked his family 
and mentioned his immigrant 
roots: his maternal grandfather, a 
Polish cobbler who arrived at Filk 
Island in 1900. 

In a rather lengthy explanation 
of his judicial style, Judge Breyer 

“There's a whole mass of materi- 
al that somehow, sometimes, in 
some way is supposed to fit togeth- 
er. And what is it supposed to do, 
seen as a whole? What’s it’s sup- 
posed to do, seen as a whole, is 
allow all people, all people to live 
together m a society where they 
have so many different views, so 

many different needs that to live 
together in a way that is more har- 
monious, that is belter, so that they 
can work productively together.” 

He added, “I will certainly try to 
make law work for people because 
that is it’s defining purpose in a 
government of the people.” 

Away From Politics 

• An Amtrak train jumped the track, killing one person and seriously 

injuring at least four others, officials in Smithfidd, North Carolina, 


said. More than 170 people were treated for lesser injuries. The Silver 
m New York to Florida with about 400 people 

Meteor, bound from New York to Florida with 
aboard, derailed after hitting a trade trailer feat fell off a freight car. 
• A Canadian woman feD to her death on Mount McKinley, becoming 
the first climber to die this season on North America’s tallest peak, 
the National Park Service said. Pauline Brandon, 33, who had been 
living in Japan, died after failing from Denali Pass, at fee 18,200-foot 
level. A companion also feiL He was hospitalized in serious condi- 
tion in Anchorage, Alaska, wife frostbite to his hands and feet 
0 A California progr am that toes co mpute rs to track down parents 
who fail to pay child support is about to reach beyond fee state. 
Using data bases feat ran track virtually anyone wife a Social 

Security number, it authorizes collection agencies to garnish eam- 

mgs. The program, tested in six California counties, collected SI 1 2 
million from in-state parents in a five-month period. 

0 A man stayed msfde Us btnring home in Anchorage. Alaska, to try 
to rescue his two young children and died wife than, a fire depart- 
ment spokesman said. Ted Luther. 41, apparently pushed his wife. 
Grace, from a second-story window, then tried to save their 5-year- 
old son and 4-momh-old daughter, said fee spokesman, Dan Diehl. 
“He said he was going to get the kids and drop them to her." Mr. 
Diehl said. Mrs. Luther was not seriously injured. 

AP. Reuters 

In Bangkok, 
women know 
their place. 





H« a pi 

138 Sukhumvit Rd., Bangkok 10110, Thailand. 
Fax (662) 253 4259 Tel (662) 254 0t04 

The Landmark of London is tbe Royal Lancaster Hotel 

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■ J '“ v 

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From MCI 

Let It Take You Around The World. 


Page 4 


Pakistan Reported 
To Arm Insurgents 

By John Ward Anderson 

WathtHgteitt pn*t Service 

MUZAFFARABAD. Pakistan — Pakistan has resumed arming, 
training and providing logistical support to militants fighting Indian 
security forces in the state of Kashmir, less than a year after 
convincing the U.S. government (hat it had adopted a hands-off 
policy there, according to Pakistani military sources. 

The Pakistan Army's Inter Services Intelligence directorate and its 
Field Intelligence Unit are coordinating the shipment of arms from 
the Pakistani side of Kashmir to the Indian side, where Muslim 
insurgents are waging a protracted war. the sources said. 

They said the Pakistani military was also occasionally helping to 
train militants and coordinate their Tight against India. India and 
Pakistan each control pan of Kashmir while claiming the entire 

Pakistani political and government officials denied any active role 
in aiming or training militants in Indian Kashmir, saying their 
support was limited to aiding the insurgents through political and 
diplomatic initiatives. 

The United States considers Kashmir one of the world's prime 
flash points for nuclear war. India and Pakistan — both of which are 
capable or making nuclear bombs — have fought three wars since 
achieving independence 47 years ago, and two were over Kashmir. 

The Pakistani military sources — including two serving and two 
recently retired army officials familiar with the workings of intelli- 
gence directorate and its Kashmir operations — said Pakistan had 
suspended active support for the insurgency Iasi year when the 
United States threatened to add it to the list of countries sponsoring 
terrorism. Such a move would have required automatic severing of 
U.S.-Pakistan aid and business ties. 

During the hiarus. Pakistan “privatized” its Kashmiroperaiions. 
tunneling support to the militants through nongovernmental organi- 
zations that were often run by retired army and intelligence officials, 
the sources said. 

After the United States decided not to add Pakistan to the terrorist 
list, however, the army early this year resumed its active Kashmir 
operations, although at a much reduced level, the sources said. 

fn its annual report on terrorism released this month, the U.S. 
State Department confirmed that “there were credible reports in 
1993 of official Pakistani support to Kashmiri militants.’' but offi- 
cials believe the renewed aid is at a much reduced level. 

Many private organizations continue to send arms to the insur- 
gents in operations overseen by the Pakistani Army, the sources said. 
A recently retired army official said, however, that no private 
organization had ever been permitted to launch an independent 
operation against Indian security forces from Pakistani soil. 

“It always remained in safe, official bands,” be said. 

Shafqat Kakakbel, director of the Pakistani Foreign Ministry's 
South Asia bureau, said it would be “impossible” for the army to halt 
all smuggling of weapons from Pakistan to Indian Kashmir bv 
private groups. 

But he said he had seen nothing to suggest that the intelligence 
directorate had been “given the role to get involved in these things.” 

In the past however, the intelligence directorate has engaged in 
rogue operations without the knowledge of the government and the 
U.S. decision not to add Pakistan to the terrorist List last year was 
based on the government's good faith effort to curtail the military's 
covert aid program for Kashmiri militants, according to Western 

It is unclear whether Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto approved the 
resumption of active assistance to the insurgents. Political analysts 
noted that she had given the army — which played a role in ousting 
her from office in 1990 during biff first term — wide latitude since 
returning to power last fall. 

Once an autonomous state ruled by a prince. Kashmir today is 
divided, with the western third controlled by Pakistan and the 
eastern two-thirds controlled by India. 

There are hundreds of instances of firings across the border every 
year, resulting in dozens of civilian and military deaths. The dispute 
has blossomed into a full-blown civil war in Indian Kashmir, where 
about a dozen people are killed every day in clashes between 
militants and Indian security forces. 

While the area used to enjoy an unusual degree of autonomy from 
the centra] Indian government and was relatively tranquQ. over the 
decades India has stripped Kashmir of its autonomy, staged rigged 
elections to capture control of the local government and. when 
violence erupted, sent in security forces that today number more 
than 500.000 troops. 

v -*«rar>r**'o-. - 

Apmu-l Rrtcc Pii'K 1 

Mr. Berlusconi addressing the Senate on Monday as Interior Minister Roberto Maroni looks on. 

POLICY: Italy Plans Radical Shift in Fiscal Planning 

Cnotimwd from Page 1 He said that IRTs steel subad- be. but said that re-entry did not 

vailing” policies and by income-tax iar >-. wouId «* 35 * ,r 

revenue from new jobs. woud Finmeccanica, the heavy Connnencmg on last wet s half- 

vailing” policies and by income-tax ,ar >-. woul ° “ 35 k ,, 

revenue from new jobs. would Finmeccanica, the heavy Commenting on last wpek s half- 

To offset lost revenues lialv machinery and aerospace group point cut m short-term interest 
might increase sales taxes on some that controls A^behcopters, 

consumer goods, Mr. Dini said. Or / mkers - «WP- Bundesbank, Mr Dmt said that 

it might considS a more to require ment busui ? s g:„ Emt)pe h ^ dedfor 

“ * A imamn ika C\YT tftlu WTirtmnu* nwitM»r\f n nnri nmiiM 

require nient busing . Europe was now h^ded for “a slow 

na vaunts bv home owners and Among the ENI companies to be economic recovery and would cei- 
property developers who have vitv privatized he hsted App, the oD Uu 5^^ l / h r .^ ! ^ ra ^. 
laid building laws company, and Snam and Snampro- There might be some further 

Mr. Berlusconi said that his gov- the oil and gas service busi- room for interest rare cuts in Eu- 

T. n mrmm lYYflA UnthfUll rSklfllfniinn infinfiAiS. 

eminent would speed its privauza- ne S“ 5 ' T . ,, T..1 um U -^S‘ e if' a .u J 

fion nmontfl and was mrnmirwri The new Treasury minister said ary pressure, be said. He added 

w of STTix! the be expected the 1994 Italian budget that Italian monetary policy “wifl 

state telecommunications compa- defied to remain at iu forecast levd hare to be made very prudently to 
nv in A the state insurer FNTEI of about 159 trillion hre, or nearly 9 avoid higher long-term interest 
Z dMricnS' oU percent of gross national product- rales that trouitifce detrimental to 
sidiary of ENI,' the state enerav But he predicted that by next investment, 
group year Italy would begin first to sta- 

Mr. Dini said that the govern- W^e and then reverse the trend, ITpi T \r 
ment would probably retain a allowing it to approach the criteria 
“golden share" in STET and foT «»nonnc and monetary union . 

ENEL meaning a minority equity 561 «« * Eur °PC 5 Maastncht trea- rSeOjCLSClStS MOVe 

stake with effective voting control t 5\. . , , 4 

Some smaller companies would be * lr - *■* w b Je .Continued from Page 1 


11 » uiiugsu « r . U.HP niiiiw LKU**. n ™ Some smaller companies would be . w , uu uuu Continued from Page 1 

resumption of active assistance to the in surge n ts. Political analyst . d ._ ri -L, estic . r™— believe that the lira is undervalued. «■“ -s- 

noted that she had given the army — which played a role in ousting buyers, headded ” “it is O.fC where it is trading right vote on Wednesday. Mr. Berl us- 
her from office in 1990 during her first term — wide latitude since p* , n rivattzations Mr now - and it will roll with the punch- “m needs a confidence vote from 

returning to power last fall, there would be a “case bv ^ depends on the state of the both houses to begin implementing 

Once an autonomous state ruled by a prince. Kashmir today is - de _: viOTJ whether to follow Deutsche mark and the dollar” a government program which, he 

divided, with the western third controlled by Pakistan and the the Anrin-Saxon model or a nubile In recent weeks the lira has been pledged, would continue the fight 

easrem two-thirds controlled by India. ... company wiih° manv smal? shared trading between 950 and 965 to the againstdte Mafia, free up the econ- 

There are hundreds of instances of firings across the border every holders or the French model of a Deutsche mark, and between 1,577 °nay and pursue dean government, 

year, resulting in dozens of civilian and military deaths. The dispute “hard core" of institutional share- and 1.644 to the dollar. The curren- Evoking the memory of Mr. 

has blossomed into a full-blown civil war in Indian Kashmir, where holders. cy has depredated by 25 percent King, Mr. Berlusconi declared: 

about a dozen people are killed every day in clashes between ^ gy^. against the mark since Italy left the “Like others before me, I. too, had 

militants and Indian security forces. thing,” Mr Dini said He said that exchange-rate mechanism in Sep- a dream — the dream to render this 

While the area used to enjoy an unusual degree of autonomy from ^ g vern ^ lcnl wouJd out ^ tember 1991 house completely transparent and 

the centra] Indian government and was relatively tranquil over the p^iy- ^ bjg holding groups Mr. Dini said the new govern- to restore to civil society, from 
decades India has stripped Kashmir of its autonomy, staged rigged ^ ]rj “which owns hundreds ment ' s aim was for the lira to rgoin which so many of the new Pariia- 

elections to capture control of the local government and. when 0 f conmanies ranging from super- tbe mechanism “when the system fe 1 mein and government have come, 
violence erupted, sent in security forces that today number more marketchains to Alitalia, the state a sounder basis.” He de- that impetus, that vitality and that 

than 500.000 troops. airline. dined to predict when this would creativity that form the true, great, 

■ — — - - — -■ - — genetic "patrimony of the Italian 


CONGRESS: Foreign Policy Confrontation Signals Trouble for Clinton pledged that the coun^’s^investi- 

Contimied from Page I The House Foreign Affairs Committee chair- to force unilateral action unless it persuades 

c w;.„c .. - „ d— ^ man, Lee H. Hampton. Democrat of Indiana. NATO allies, especially Britain and France, to ***". le 8 lstoll0tt 

holders. cy has depreaated by 25 percent 

“We will privatize most every- against the mark since Italy left the 
thing.” Mr. Dini said. He said t/at *«haD8£»te mechanism in Sep- 
the government would “get out en- leraber 1992. 
tirely” of big state holdine groups Mr. Duu said the new govern- 
such as 1R1. which owns hundreds men t s aim was Tor the lira to itgpm 
of companies ranging from super- {be mechanism “when the system is ; 
market chains to Alitalia, the sure b®* ®h a sounder basis. He de- 
airllne. dmed to predict wbea this would 

Continued from Page ! 

said Senator Mitch McConnell Republican of 
Kentucky, the ranking minority member of the 
appropriations subcommittee on foreign opera- 

“When Singapore policy is made by an 18- 
year-old from Dayton and Haitian policy by 
Randall Robinson's refusal to eat,” be said, U is 
“the be ginnin g of the end of bipartisanship that 
can be expected from Republicans.” 

Some Democrats are distancing themselves 
from what they regard as policies that could 
explode in their faces. Others' want to nudge, or 
if necessary bludgeon, the administration in 
new directions. 

Republicans, silenced earlier by the message 
from the 1992 elections that Americans cared 
mere about domestic issues than foreign policy, 
now sense political opportunities in question- 
ing Mr. Clinton's ability to steer a strong and 
safe course for the country in a world of post- 
Coid War perils. 

But, with some exceptions, they are united in 
flinching from the risks of spelling out what 
those policies should be. “They're afraid they'll 
be wrong in three weeks." said Senator Joseph 
R. Biden Jr- Democrat of Delaware, a Foreign 
Relations Committee member. “No one wants 
to go on the line.” 

Senator Richard G. Lugar, Republican of 
Indiana, also a member of the committee, said. 
"There’s almost no political sex appeal to issues 
like Bosnia.” 

man, Lee H. Hamilton, Democrat of Indiana, 
observed, “The preferred stance is to let the 
president make the decisions and. if it goes welL 
praise him, and if it doesn’t, criticize him.” 

During the Cold War, lines were more easily 
drawn and national security interest more 
clearly asserted, lawmakers say. And. during 
the administrations of Presidents Ronald Rea- 
gan and George Bush. Republicans had a clear 
stake in protecting a Republican president 
from a Democralic-con trolled Congress, while 
Democrats had a natural interest in challenging 
Republican policies. 

More often than not. Congress was trying to 
curb what it regarded as excesses, like aid to the 
Nicaraguan contras, rather than “push the 
president into a policy,” as Mr. Lugar described 
the current posture in Congress. 

No less preoccupied than the administration 
with domestic policy. Congress pulled its for- 
eign policy punches during the administration's 
first year, when the Senate challenged his poli- 
cies on Somalia. Bosnia and Haiti and then 
backed off in a series of face-saving compro- 

It was the Senate's votes last Thursday on 
ending the arms embargo against Bosnia 'that 
seemed to signal a potentially serious turn- 

Glossing over the contradictory resolutions, 
many senators said the administration ran a 
strong risk of inviting another legislative effort 

to force unilateral action unless it persuades 
NATO allies, especially Britain and France, to 

NATO allies, especially Britain and France, to 10 , rev * cw legislation covering 
undertake joint action. 

_ , , .. „ eluding those who have spoken of 

It means they better do something, said, ties between the mob and his own 
Senator Bob Dole, Republican of Kansas, the business associates 

Senator Bob Dole, Republican of Kansas, the business associates. 
minority leader, in what may have been the Italian Mafia informers are given 

vaguest — and most accurate — assessment of protection modeled on U.S. wit- 
the votes’ meaning. ness protection programs and have 

Mr. Dole said later that he and Senator played the central part in the arrest 
Joseph I. Lieberman. Democrat of Connecti- of some of the Mafia’s most senior 
cut, his ally in the effort to force unilateral bosses. But some people named in 
action, would try to force another vote on the informets' testimony have accused 
issue in two or three weeks if no action has been the so-called pentiti — the penitents 
taken in the meantime. — of using their privileged status to 

The Senate is overwhelmingly in favor of coo 1 ™ 0 ® personm vendettas, 
lifting the embargo — largely, many members — - ~ ■ 

say. because it is the one action that can be , , __ __ 

taken that puts few if any .American lives at 11 Koreans (Jaarged 
risk, even though it could endanger British. T r D .» 

French and other peacekeeping forces in Bos- hi fcxpo JjnDCTY L3W 


But, under pressure from the administration SEOUL — Eleven senior South 
and the majority leader, George J. MhchelL Korean government officials have 

11 Koreans Chained 

But, under pressure from the administration SEOUL — Eleven senior South 
and the majority leader, George J. MhchelL Korean government officials have 
Democrat of Maine, who drafted the altcma- frp fn arrested on charges of taking' 
live recommending multilateral action, the Sen- bribes while organizing Expo TU 
ate could not quite bring itself to break with last year, an official at the Prosecu- 
ehfcer the administration or its own traditional tor's Office said Mondav. 
support for collective action in such crises. He said a total of 39 government 

With the result hanging by one vote, howev- officials involved with organizing 
er, the Senate could do just that in a future vote, E*po "93 in the central city of Tae- 

Several senators indicated they might switch if jon were believed to have received 

nothing happened in a few weeks. 

bribes m some form. 

Back to Israel as Talks Go Ain 

By Steven Greenhouse 

JVew- York. Tima Scntre - . i. 

JERUSALEM — Negotiations between .Israel, and 
Syria intensified Monday as Secretary of Stale Warren- 
M. Christopher , brought Syria's response to an Israeli 
peace plan to Jerusalem. 

Mr. 'Christopher delayed his flight from Damascus 
to Israel by six horns so he could get Syria's foreign, 
minister, Farouk Share, to clarify pans of the Syrian 

Mr. Christopher reported do specific progress from 
his meetings with Mr. Share and President Hafez 
Assad, but he said he was pleased that Syria remained 
seriously engaged in the peace process. . 

“We are at the beginning of a very serious process 
that involves high stakes for bolb cwn tries,” be said. 
“My job is to try to make sure that we understand each 
other as well as possible and sol leave uncertainties.” 

U.S. officials said Mr. Assad presented a compre- 
hensive counterproposal thax.covered issues like nor- 
malization, riming , security arrangemenls and Israel's 
withdrawal from the Golan Heights, captured in the 
AralFlsraeli war of 2967. — 

Mr. Christopher met late Monday in Jerusalem with 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Syrian 1 radio said Mr. 


Up? Or Way Up? 

Continued from Page 1 
traders drove up long-term rates, 
and when the Fed didn’t move in 
March, they drove than up again. 

Unfortunately, clarifying its in- 
tentions is not the strong point of 
any central bank, and economists 
rather than psychologists sit on the 
Federal Open . Market Committee. 

In its own fashion, the Fed has 
already made its goal dear — a 
“neutral” rather than an "accomo- 
dative” monetary policy. What the 
laner meant was dear a 3 percent 
federal funds rate. This was in ef- 
fect all last year to force-feed the 
U^. economy, and h did — to a 7 
percent growth rate last falL 

The Fed has since raised the 
funds rate to 3.75 percent, but it 
has not disclosed what rale it thinks 
will make monetary policy “neu- 
tral" or high enough to have no 
effect one way or another on the 
economy. After all it was the Fed 
that got the economy going and 
now wants to keep it from going 
too fast 

On Wall Street traders are ex- 
pecting the fed funds rate, to be 
raised 50 basis paints, to 425 per- 
cent and the discount rate, at 
which the Fed lends funds to com- 
mercial banks, to be raised to 350 
patent, from the current 3.0 per- 

“Inflation is not the issue for 
policy so much as persistent evi- 
dence of economic strength,” wrote 
John Lipsky, of Salomon Brothers, 
in his weekly Comments on Credit 
He said he suspected the Fed would 
move cautiously by only 25 basis 
points on Tuesday and then move 
up again a Few weeks later by the ' 
same amount 

But there are as many predic- 
tions as there are theories of how 
the central bank can best get the 
markets to understand what is do- 
ing. David Wyss, of DRI/McGraw 
Hu, said he thought the Fed would 
“show more backbone” and lift 
rates 50 basis points and then apply 
shock therapy of another 50 basis 
points during the summer. 

Darwin Beck, of CS First Bos- 
ton, said he thought receut statis- 
tics on inflation, retail sales, and 
industrial production pointed to a 
more tolerable rate of growth, 
which would stay the Fed’s Hand at 
25 basis points. But he added that 
the bond market would probably 
be disappointed with that size of 
cut and traders would send long- 
term rales up again. 

David Monro, of High Frequen- 
cy Economics, is looking for only 
25 basis points to be added to the 
Ted funds rate, but a full percentage 
point to be tacked onto the dis- 
count rate “to get everyone’s atten- 

Interspersed with the inevitable 
grumbling, be hopes, there will 
then be a discussion illuminating 
the Fed’s real purposes. The central 
bank hopes so, too. 

To subscribe In G erma n y 
jus! cofl. toB frw. 

0130 84 85 85 

Omsiopher woold piffli t0 

yeetWli offid&Mia no such deoswo wo ok 

“^ omdah said Monday to ^ 

be. ipjdins more Mttf 

Of to 

.A tosyoc Afferent* remains over Syria srall fora 
total and rapid Israeli withdrawal from the / 

Rabin has indicated a willii igQ«s rodpsema^israeu 
settlements there, but te sontmues to i oppose nm 
-withdrawal. Israel has proposed a phased withdraw*' 
over several yean. \ „ 

Coinciding with Mr. ChristtWberis visit to Damas- 
cus. theSyna Times, an offia\ n« w sp a F er * 

blatantly autirSemitic article sayiriB&ai most fynen- 
can newspapers arc tinder Jewish iAjueoce, that Jew- 
often distort facts to mislead the pubV. and that Jew. 
unduly intervene in American educab<fc_ research an 
culture. - X 

b ?.T,;; ernpjr« ■ ■ ■ — ■ • ■ 


TOBACCO: The Last Frontier 

Cofltimred fiim ftge t . 

versity of Sydney. “The difference 
appears tobeintbepacka9ng,.th£ 

; the packaging, .the 

He said that researchers had 
been unable to deteripjhe wfaetiier 
lhe foreign tobacco companies had 
adjusted the levels of -Ur, -nicotine 
and other chemicals for cigarettes 
sold in the Asian maxket. “The tp- 
baocaindiutry fighis tooth and nail 
to keep consumers away from that 
land of infarmatian,” tu: said- - 

Most govenunents'nx Asia have 
launched anti-stnoktiig campaigns, 
but their efforts tend to be over- 
whelmed by the. Madison Avenue 
glitz unleashed-by the agareltt gr- 

With 12 billion people and the 
world's fastest-growing economy, 
China is the most coveted target of 
the multinational tobacco cotupa- 

lated as the nuniber of cigarettes 
smoked per adult, has increased by 
7 percent-each year over the last 
-decade, in China. There are. 300 
miHioa. smokers in China; more 
people than the entire population 
of the United States, and they buy 
1.6 trillion cigarettes a year. 

Competing In many craes-with 
domestically produced brands, the 
multinational tobacco companies 
are moving qtriddy to get their cig- 
arettes into China and emerging 
markets in the rest of the develop- 
ing world- Their campaign has been 
bolstered by the efforts of Ameri- 
can government trade negotiators 
to force open tobacco markets 
overseas. : 

-..Since; the mid-1980s, Japan,. 
South Korea; Taiwan and Thailand 
have all succumbed to pressure 
from Washington and allowed the 
sale of foreign-brand cigarettes. 
Foreign cigarettes, shut out of Ja- 
pan in 1980, now make up nearly 
20 percent of the market ; 

Anti-smoking groups in Asa, of- : 
ten critical of the Bush administra- 
tkm Tot its aggressive pursuit of the 
tobacco industry’s agenda abroad, 
say it is too early to jndge the CHn- 
ton administration on the usue. 

“Worldwide, hundreds of mil-, 
lions of smokers prefer American- 
blrad tigarettes. James W. John- 
ston, chairman of Reynolds - 
Tobacco Worldwide, wrote in his 
company’s 1993 annual. report. 
“Today, Reynolds has access to 90 
percent of the world's markets;. a 
decade ago. only 40 percent. Op- 
portunities have never -been bet- 
ter” . 

Last year, Philip Morris, the 

company 1 ' behind 1 the Marlboro 
Man, agned -an. agreement with the 
govenimeat-eem trolled Oiina Na- 
tkaial Tobacco Corp. to moke 
Marlbdros and other Philip Jvforris 
brands in flrina. The. company’s 
foreigii markets grew last year by 
more than 16 percent, with foreiga 
‘operating profits up nearly 17 per- 
cent Operating profits. in the do- 
- mesne American- market fell .by 
•neatly half. . 

; .Physicians say the heahb impli- 
.calibns of the tobacco bocHn in 
i -Asia, are nodiing kss. than, terrify- 

Richard Prto. an Oxford Uniyer- 
^% qHdemkribgu£, has estimated 
r that' because of mermsing tobacco 
ccmsurrmtipa in: Asia,, the. annual 
worldwide death toll from tobacco- 
related Alnesses will more than tri- 
plecrver the next two decades, from 
about 3 motion a year to- 10 milli on 
a ycar by Z050, iffih of them in 
China. His cdculations surest 
tiiat. 50 million Chinese' children 
alrveioday will eventually die from 
diseases linked to cigarette smok- 
ing, ; 

•• “If you look at the number of 
deaths, the- tobacco problem in 
Asa is going todwarf tuberculosis, 
it's going to dwarf malaria and it's 
going to dwarf AIDSVyerrfs being 
totally ignored,*’ said' Judith 
Mackay. a British physician who is 
a consultant to the Chinese govern- 
ment in devdoping an anti-smok- 
ing program. • 

The explosion of the Asian to- 
bacco market is a result both of the 
increasing prosperity of large Asian 
nations ~ suaidenfy, fens of mil- 
lions of Asians can afford ciga- 
rettes, once a luxury —and a shift 
_in sodal customs. In many Asian 
countries, smoking was once taboo 
; for women. Now, it is seen as a sign 
of theft emancipation.- • 

China Airiines Offers 
$154, 717for Crash 

TheAiapdated Press 

■ -TAIPEI — China Airiines has 
offered $154,717 in compensation 
for each of the 264 people killed 
when a China Airlines A3QO-600R 
Airbus carrying 271 people crashed 
at Nagoya airport April 26. 

The airline’s public-relations di- 
rector, Lodge Lo, said the compen- 
sation was the highest ever offered ’ 
by the airline. The airline paid 
SI29.057 in compensation for vic- 
timy of a crash in eastern Taiwan in 




. : r’V* 



I - 




.1 P'&fe. 

t - .. 




By Richard Nixon. TUustrated. 
262 pages. $23. Random House. 

Reviewed by Christopher 

O F the dead speak nothing bui 
good, it is said. 

But a book remains alive, even 
when published posthumously. So 
to any reader impatient with the 
recent canonization of the 37 ih 
president of the Urtiied States, the 
first to be forced to reagn from 
office, let it be said that there is lois 
to find fault with in Richard Nix- 
on’s ICtth and final book, “Beyond 
Peace.” which he completed just a 
few weeks before he died. 

He offers no apologies or expres- 
sions of rue in this final summing 
up of his views, nor any acknowl- 
edgment of error. There is nothing 
even personal, unless you count his 
observation that Boris Yeltsin's in- 
clination to become depressed after 
winning a battle “is not an uncom- 
mon characteristic of leaders." Or 
his remark that “those of us who 
complain about the behavior of to- 
day's media must remember that 
similar complaints are as dd as the 

That familiar dang of inauthen- 
lirity sounds in these pages. You 
encounter his old tendency to ag- 
_grandize: He calls "the defeat of 


• EEe WieseL Nolwl Prize-win- 
ning author, is reading ** L'oeil du 
Silence" by Marc Lambron. 

“1 think it's a very beautiful nov- 
el: intense, visual, evocative." 

fllisc Gersien. IHT) 

Iraqi aggression in the Persian Gulf 
War in the spring of 1991" one “of 

the greatest events cvf the 20th centu- 
ry," and he writes that “America is 
the greatest, most successful social 
e x periment in the history of man.” 

You find so many examples of 
strained quotation that you picture 
Nixon sitting in his study crushed 
by volumes of Aquinas, Irving Bab- 
bitt, Isaiah Berlin. Brandeis, Burke, 
Churchill Lord Curzon, Engels. 
Goethe, Hobbes. Eric Hoffcr, Ib- 
sen. Kant. Malraux, Nietzsche. 
Pushkin, Schumpeter. Toynbee. 
Weber, Wellington and. of course, 
de Tocqueriile, to mention but a 
handful of the heavyweights died 
in these pages. 

And be exercises his old habit of 
vividly recalling how great leaders 

of the past sat him on their knees 
and told him such-and-such. 

"It was the Russians who defeat- 
ed Napoleon," he writes, “and as 
President Eisenhower once told 
me, it was the Russians who. after 
incredible suffering and sacrifice, 
played the rn disposable and pri- 
mary role in defeating Hitler." as if 
someone with Eisenhower's per- 
spective were required to reveal tins 
not ttactly-well-hidden secret 

Still for all its irritations. “Be- 
yond Peace" is Nixon's best book. 
The former president was always 
strongest writing about foreign pol- 
icy, and the present book was com- 
pleted shortly after the much-pub- 
licized visit to the Russia during 
which he met with several opposi- 

tion leaden, over President Yelt- 
sin's objections. 

Where Nixon tended to slight the 
Soviet Union in favor of China in 
some of his earlier books, here he 
‘treats post-Soviet Russia in con- 
crete and arresting detail. 

Nixon even includes a touch of 
unwonted humor in an account of 
an interview in March with Gener- 
al Alexander V. Rmsfcoi that was 
made difficult by “the simulta- 
neous and totally incomprehensi- 
ble conversation between two huge 
parrots in separate cages in the 
middle of Rutskofs sitting room.” 

Nixon adds. “The birds were not 
speaking English, and I knew 
enough Russian to know they 
weren't speaking Russian.” As it 
turned out. “Tfcey spoke only Ma- 

Out of these and more weighty 
details grow the larger messages of 
Nixon’s book. These are roughly 
that the end of the Cold War repre- 
sented a victory of .American free- 
market capitalism over Soviet com- 
maud-economy communism, and 
that because the terms of this con- 
flict are soil relevant to the world, 
the United States must continue to 
exert international leadership by 
waging the peace as actively as it 
conducted the war. 

Niton is less provocative and 
more predictable when he cranes 
borne and takes a tour of domestic 

issues. True, he makes you stop and 
think when he points out that the 
national debt ought to be reduced 
nM by tax increases but by cuts in 
the federal budget, 40 percent of 
which is devoted to noo- means- 
tested entitlements, or payments to 
those who have the means to take 
care of their own needs. 

But such arresting specifics are 
few and far between. The problem, 
as Nixon readily admits, is that 
setting the goals of peace is a good 
deal harder than defining the ob- 
jectives of war. 

Nixon believes that the ultimate 

solution to the Bis that beset Amer- 
ica is a return to traditions like 
church and proper child-rearing. 
Bui he is hardpuuo explain how to 
undertake this spiritual journey, so 
he is forced to fall bade on mere 
exhortation and assertion. 

He writes seemingly without iro- 
ny that cannot solve oar pro b- 
ions “unless wc return to the prin- 
ciples that made this country 
great” You wonder if he felt any 
twinge of discomfort wheeling out 
a diene as worn as this one. Or was 
be so moved by the idea that tic 
words struck him as if newly mint- 

Reading “Beyond Peace,” you 
end up pondering the familiar mys- 
teries of Richard Nixon once again. 

* Lxhmann-Haapt * is 
The New Fort Times. 

By Robert Byrne 

G ATA KAMSKY faced Alex- 
ander Belyavsky in Round 2 
in the Linares International Tour- 
nament in Spain. 

A half-century ago, the solid, 
workaday 4 e3 was the main re- 
sponse To the Nimzo-Indian De- 
fense. but now it is a minority 
choice, center stage having been 
taken over by 4 Qc2 and the tactical 
labyrinths Garry Kasparov has 
provided for it After 5_.cS. every 
game used to proceed with 6 Nf3, 
bat many players now prefer 6 

After 6_cd 7 ed d5 8 0-0 dc 9 
Bc4. Black has isolated the white d4 
pawn, hoping to profit from the 
white king knighfs modest place- 
ment at e2 rather titan T3. 

Belyavsky returned to the old 
Stanitzian plan of Il-Qa5 12 Qd2 
RdS 13 a3 Bd7 J4Rfdl BeS. which 
is directed toward giving the blade 
long maximum protection. 

it was not dear why Belyavsky 
relocated his long bishop with 
16 T Bd6. If be had continued in the 
Stdniom vein with 16_BfS. his 
king would have been strongly 

Bid the cunnmg move that de- 
ceived him was kamsky’s 17 h3! 
Belyavsky did not fathom that this 
was the last preparation for the 
smashing bishop sacrifice with 18 
Bh6! The point was that 17 Bhfi 



ton after 17 RaeS 

would gain nothing against 
18 Qh6 Ng4! 19 Qb4 Bh2 20 Kfl 
QfS. after which 21 Bbl would be 
rebuffed by 2I_£Ie3 22 Kel Ng2 
23 Kfl Nh4. . . : 

After the gaffible J7_Rac8?,(it 
was still not too late for the saying 
17 — Bf3> Katrisfcy struck hard with 
18 Bh6Igh 19 Qb6, whep 19,JBe7 
would be rubied by 20 Rd3 N«5 21 , 
Rg3 Ng6 22 Rg6! fg 23 Be6 Bf7 24 
Qgfi Kb8 25 QfTRc7 26 d5. 
Belyavsky tried 19.„Nh7. but on | 

20 Bbl. he could .oot play 20JNI8 1 

21 Ne4Be7 22Rc5!Qc7 23 Nf4f6 
because 24 Rd3 Bc525 Rg3 Ng6 26 < 
Ng6 Qg3 27 Qh8 KT7 28 ! 
C^7mate !n this hypothetical tine, 
neither could he' jHay'lIJiS be- 
cause 22 Nf6 Kf7 23 Nli5 Ke7 24 j 

Qg7 Bf7 25Qf6 Ke8 26 Ng7 would 
the pteoe with a winning 

Tims, he tried 20.J5. yet after 2 1 
b4] Qc7 22 Qe6 QH 23 Bf5, 
Kamsky had four pawns Tor his 

After 30 Nc5, Belyavsky could 
not (day 3Q._b6 because 31 Nb7 
Re8 32 Nfdti Bd6 33 Ndfi Rd8 34 
Nf7 Nf7 35 Rc7 would win easily 
Bui after »_Ng5 31 Nb7 was no 
beuer and he gave up. 


„WM a Black 


never haeneci^ 

fcabrnb* aid save. 




■ t 'W. ivAs'L 


c jaf Efe’jr - 


•*.- 1 

■StAi -V 


-.V . ' Msss 

V - 



A GI Veteran Finds a Home in Vietnam 

he^2 eaCt0r that :5« ue l a BU- 
w issue. ,/ of sanctions 

cJJffF B conoerv/ 


auonal Atomic En- 
' vere to arrive in 
°o Tuesday. Bui 
experimental nuclear 


workers at 

• 115 spc ” _t 

By Malcolm W. Browne 

.Vnr )‘tf* Tones Service 

MY THANH AN, Vietnam — John Foggin. 
once a sergeant first class in the U.S. Aflsjr who 
spent five hard years fighting the Vieteoiig. he 
has buried the past and found a home among 
his former enemies in this remote hamlet in the 
Mekong Delta. 

Hidden in a rural palm grove across a river 
south of the market town of Ben Tre is an oasis 
of modest luxury where Mr. Foggin and his 
Vietnamese wife. Lan, plan to spend the rest of 
their days earning a living as cafe owners. 

Trees shade a spacious cafe patio shared by 
the Foggins with their Vietnamese neighbors 
and customers, and amenities in the Foggins* 
home include air-conditioners, television, two 
telephones and a fax machine from which they 
can directly dial friends in Vietnam or back in 
the States. Water diverted from a nearby at 
fills an ornamental pool in a pleasant garden. 

To his neighbors, Mr. Foggin, 54, a tall, 
blood American, is more than a mere curiosity. 
He is regarded by residents like Tun Tan Due. a 
Ben Tre hardware dealer, as a symbol of the 
healing process that is slowly closing the gulf 
that has lingered between Vietnam and die 
United States since the Communist victory in 

She hist Frontin 


r-r- •. 




. , — Korean Embi 

- , ^ Kl United Nations haw uu=nw 

?JHp. / ? nou f of the refueling on Satur- 

Md could have arrived in time. 

I aka* r 5 " 11 - telex messages lo the 
— " - tAiiA four tunes, requesting them 
w lake action,” he said. “We ar- 
ranged visas in time. We have not 
done anything to deserve sanc- 

He maintained that the refueling 
had to be carried out on rims for 

safety reasons. Asked if the inspec- 
tors could observe the rest of the 
refueling process once they arrive 
m North Korea, he said was up 
to officials there. 

Mr. Choe said his government 
was willing to put the used fuel rods 
under UN surveillanoe but still re- 
fused to let the agency sample the 
fuel to determine if any has been 
diverted for use in weapons. 

“It is possible for them to take 
samples when a package solution is 
realized” between North Korea 
and the United States, he sa id. 

In Washington, senators on Sun- 
day called the North Korean action 
a provocation and said the time has 
come to impose economic sanc- 
tions. The United States has beat 
threatening sanctions far months 
to put pressure an the Communist 
nation to folly disclose its nuclear 
activities and prove h is not devcl- 

American veterans of the Vietnam War arriving in Hanoi to turn over information gathered during 
the fighting more titan 20 years ago tut 1,900 Vietnamese soldiers whose fates remain unknown. At 
center, in a wheelchair, is Tom Corey, national secretary of Vietnam Veterans of America. 

“He lives like one of us — it’s very unusual.” 
said Mr. Due’s wife, Manh. 

one province to another, so the Foggins can 
move around the country freely. 

“Every day things gft better here.” Mrs. 
Foggin said, “although we sometimes miss Mc- 
Donald’s hamburgers.” 

Mr. Foggin has buBi adin road and a wood- 
en bridge to make his Ngoc Lan Cafe more 
accessible to visitors, and the refreshments, 
dancing and foreign ambience attract crowds of 
young people from Ben Tre on weekends. 

Mr. Foggin says many of his customers are 
former Vietcong guerrillas who come to swap 
war stories with him and show off their scars. 

He says a few people in Ben Tre still resent 
his presence: 

“Bui on the whole we couldn’t hope to have 
friendlier neighbors.” be said. “Everyone is 
trying to learn English these days, and a lot of 
the local kids come to our caffe just to practice 
and improve pronunciation. They all want jobs 
with American companies in Vietnam, and for 
that you have to speak English.” 

Mr. Foggin’s command of the Vietnamese 
language is shaky, and his wife translates and 
handles details of the family business. 

Mr. Foggin, who was bom in Columbus, 
Ohio, spent most of his adult life in the army. 
From 1967 to 1972, he served with the 11th 
Armored Cavalry and as an adviser to regional 
South Vietnamese forces at Xuan Loc. 

Having served 22 years in the army, Mr. 








Art 1 


uooui uus coun 

RETURN: In the Craters of Death, the New Vietnam 

- * Tnntnrtvl-a 

Costumed from Page I 

agreement was signed in 1973. We 
found Mr. Tan with his We in his 
large house just off the red-dirt 
main road. He reacted nervously to 
unexpected visitors from America. 
He would have to call the district 
office to be sure it was all right to 
talk to us, he said, displaying the 
anxiety about the Western press 
common now in Vietnam. 

His rich brother in America paid 
$85,000 to bufld his villa, Mr. Le 
said. He came for a visit at Tel last 
January, Mr. Le said, referring to 

the Vietnamese lunar new year 
holiday that is by far the most im- 
portant occasion of the year. He’ll 
probably come a g ain for Tet next 
year, Mr. Le said 

As far as 1 know ” Mr. Foggin said, “I’m the 
first GI lo come back to Vietnam to live. But I 
know I won’t be the last. There’s something 
about this country that draws vou back." 

The Foggins have no car. But like most of 
their neighbors, they get around on the family 
motorbike. Electric power outages have become 
less frequent, and there no longer are compul- 
sory blackouts on weekends. 

Foggin now has a military pension, supple- 
he saves as a civilian con- 

Last year, the Hanoi government dropped 

id fer- 

tile requirement that all Vietnamese anc ... 
eign residents obtain permits for traveling from 

merited by money 
sanction expert in Saudi Arabia and Turkey. 

The Foggins were living in San Diego in 1989 
when they deeded to lake advantage of newly 
relaxed restrictions on visits by American citi- 
zens and see what life in Vietnam would be like. 

They say they were drawn to Vietnam not 
only because rural life in the Mekong Delta was 
cheap and relatively easy, but also because 
robberies and c riminal violence had tainted 
their lives in the United States. 

Mrs. Foggin came to visit her relatives near 

this hamlet in 1989, and her husband joined her 
during another extended visit in 1991. Last 
July, they sealed here “for good,” bought some 
land and built their cafe and house. 

For the lime being, the Foggins are living 
here on temporary visas that require them to 
leave the country every three months, but they 
expect to be issued resident visas eventually. 

Meanwhile, they say they have no problems 
with the local People’s Committee or the other 
Communist authorities; there is no U.S. Con- 
sulate in Vietnam to aid or protect American 

Mr. Foggjn looks back on the war with mixed 

“We could have won the war if we’d had a 
consistent policy.” be said, “but as it was, I 
think the war was wrong. Now, I think we ought 
to be helping Vietnam. Japanese and Thai busi- 
nesses are exploiting Vietnam's need for ma- 
chinery and technology, often selling the Viet- 
namese secondhand or defective products at 
high prices. Americans can provide honest val- 
ue." i 

Mr. Foggin argues that far-reaching reforms x 
are needed in Vietnam's administrative poli- 
cies. “Corruption today is even worse than it « 
was in the old days,” he said. : 

He says the Hanoi government has also let ■* 
educational standards decline perilously. 
“Children are supposed to be in school from T 3 
to 1 2 A.M^ but most of them get out early and * 
many don't attend classes at all. Illiteracy has J 
become a real problem. Teachers make only . 
$25 a month, so they must find other incomes to ' 

Despite the couple's relative isolation from >p 
such th i n g s as medical care, “it’s a pretty nice rr 
life here, and we mean to stay,” he said. j c 

“My wife's sister is buried out in the little x 
cemetery back there,” he said, “and there are a 
places for us, too, when our times come." 

_ . of- 
fice m Ho On Mmh City had 
cleared the way for the visit, so Mr. 

Tan returned quickly from the vil- 
wnere he 

lage office where Tie mart* the 
phone call and aewntm«»H that he 
was authorized to conduct a tour of 
modern-day Nhi Binh. But no pho- 
cf the villagers, be said. 

of the 





A UN inspection team leader, 
Offi Hemomcn, contacted Monday 
in Bejjing, would not say what the 
team would do in Noth Korea. But 
the United Notions has said the 
team would finish work that in- 
spectors wore barred from per- 
forating during their previous ntis- 
sion in March. They are also to 
service monitoring cameras 
check their seals at die experimen- 
tal reactor and a reprocessing 


Era Ends 
As Malawi 


Tkc Associated Prm 

ZOMBA, Malawi The rating 
Malawi Congress Party unani- 
mously accepted a new constitu- 
tion Monday, effectively ending 30 
years of one-party rule on the eve. 

of the country’s first democratic 

Thoe was Bttle debate as Faz^a- 
ment approved the constitution, a 
formality before the vote Tuesday. 
In addition to penmtting P ppoa - 
turn political parties, th e.constitu - 
tian abolishes scores of repressive 
laws, mdudmg those allowing de- 
tention without charge or nisi- 

President Hastings Kamuzu 
Wnmta fras used such laws to keep 
his grip on power for three decades, 
but he is expected to be voted oiti 

of office wnen an estimated 3.7 

right parties in the election. 


on Monday, but his face was. every- 
where — on Photographs in the 
halls and on badges on the lapefcof 
the 148 lawmakers present The 
aged and siting leader rarely ap- 
pears in public and rarely attends 
Wative sittings except for the 
opening of padiamoit. 

^£■30 years, Malawian pastes 

' and dmly fife revolved awmdab- 

■ salute aflcciance to Mr. Banda, and 
opposition to him often 
tentioa and, some allege, tmuac. 


turn for promises °f rcfon ^ Krt , 

A referendum .last year showed 

overwhdnring supporttecha^A 

and Mr. Banda was forced to call 

the election. 

of our original viaL Mr, Tan and 
his wife studied the pictures, which 
showed several viDagen. They im- 
mediaiefy recognized one, Nguyen 
Van Dong, who had died years ear- 
lier. Mr. Dong’s son lived nearby, 
Mr. Tan said, as he began to warm 
up a little. 

. Setting off down the road, Mr. 
Tan pointed out the stone turret 
from the old South Vietnamese 
outpost A lot of the men who 
served the re were stfflm the village, 
Mr. Tan said, and within minutes 
one of than appeared. 

. He was Le Van Man, 58, who 
-hadaready sa3e that displayed his 
few rematnm^tceth- He was one of 
a number of villagers who gathered 
around tire visitors. Mr. Tun told 
them who we were and that we 
knew about die B-52 bombing. 

The conversation turned to the 
war. Mr. Man acknowledged that 
he had served in the Sooth Viet- 
namese militia- He pointed to an 
ugjfy wound above ms left knee 
that, he said, left hm unable to do 
physical work. 

So he and Mr. Tan had been on 
opposite sides? Yes, Mr. Man said 
with a gria In those days, he said, 
the gnhtia knew who Mr. Tan was 
and tried to trade hhn down. “If I 
had found him,” Mr. Man said, “I 
would have shot h™ dead.” This 
comment provoked a loud reaction 
and some derisive hoots from oth- 
ers in the crowd. 

. What happened after 1975? we 
asked. They became friends, he re- 
plied. Was it easy to make friends 
with your fanner enemy? “Sure, no 
' problem,” Mr. Man replied. 

An unexpected right loomed in 
front of us— a large, modem villa, 
stucco over bock, its air condition- 
ers visible above the stucco wall 
that surrounded the structure. The 
boose was bigger even than the 
brick and stucco villas in Ho On 
Mmh City that now sell for as 
modi as a quarter-million dollars; 
It looked uninhabited behind a big 
iron gate. 

Nhi Knh obviously was prosper- 
ing, but tins was modi grander 
than anything, a successful Viet- 
namese farmer might construct. 
Who built h? “My nephew in 
America,” Mr. Tan replied, evi- 
dently proud of the association. 

Tran Van Lea was the neptew’s 

name. Mr. Tan and other members 
of the extended family who now 
enjoy a special status because of 

their rich relative. Mr. Loi is a com- 
puter engineer IrvingmC^hfornia, 
Ms relatives said. He was the 10th 
son in a big family and had built 
not wily the big villa, but a large 
bride house next door for his moth- 

After studying there tmposmg 

structures, we walked to the cotter 

AT 35.000ft 








_ e 

t ir» 


thi 1 




lrib ^ 
imi* o 
•7 i 

, nee, 
f thwrt 


The United Democratic Front, d ^ village. Oa the way, we met 
which is led by a former Banda thefonrth brotberm Mr. Lot sfam- 

Set minister, BakiKMiilim. is fly, Tran Van U who was working 

i to win. Results are ^ Ms Vespamotor scooter on the 

a land- 


became prstot 

when Malawi becM 

1966. He dedartd 
dent for fife m ,971 - 





A total 
and seven 
a track 

■ Beaufort West, 200 

main read. 

Mr. Le^s 31 -year-old wife and 
12-year-old son were, killed in the 
acade ntal B-52 bomMng, he re- 
called matter-of-factly. At the time, 
he was a. chauffeur For tbe U& 
Agency for Intemational Devdop- 
meqt, Mr. Le sad. Did that mean 
he bad-beerisent away fra re-edu- 
cation after liberation day, as were 
many who worked for the Ameri- 

“Oh Do,” Mr.' Le said, grinning 
at Mr. Tan; the party seraetary. 
?We knew each other during the 
war we met horn time to time,” 
and after 1975 they both in the 
village government, on “culture 
audinfonnation,” he said. In other 
words, Mr. Le- was - rate of the 







pi 9929 
2 317# 

The rarefied levels of service and comfort aboard Japan Airlines have 
always made the miles fly by. 

Well, now we’ve made the business traveller’s journey to japan an even 
more relaxing affair. 

From mid May we’re increasing the space between seats in our Executive 
Class on our daily London and Paris flights* by no less than 10 inches. This gives 
you a full 50 inches to stretch out in. 

Nor have we stopped there. Our seats now recline by a further 15' to a 
laid-back 57T You might say we've bent over backwards to ensure your comfort. 

You may also be pleased to learn that new members who join the JAL 
Mileage Bank Europe and who complete a return journey on First or Executive 
Class before June 50th 1994 will be entitled to a free Economy Class return 

888 ? 








So we suggest you book now and avoid the crush. 

^ kilometers) north- countless Vianamese wfao played 

miles (abom craw radio re- l L * J - ' A 

ported Monday- 

both ades of lbe street during (he 
war. . ' : ' . 

•Flight 401. 402, 405.406 


London 071-408 1000 Pttris f I) 443.^5538 Frankfurt 01 30 - 687 K Coponhagon 33 II SS 00 Amsterdam (OiJOl 626 8541 Zurich (Oil 211 1 557 Geneva (022) 731-7160 
Madrid (01) 542-1108 Athens 325 2075 Moscow 921-6648 or 921 -644 N Vienna 535-5128 Brussels (02) 640 8580 Nairobi 220591 or 221737 Cairo 574 7398 Tehran 823086 

•SS. H rSftSni 


FRIDAY, JUNE 17, 1994 




„ |rif nt ^ yORK 

TIMM ANI* Tllfc INfrT 

Beyond the Face-Lift 

t J?n5v? remams Pfcsidenl Bill Cl in- 

*5* f” <* Eur °pe signaled a new 
toe .administration's troubled foreign 
Jfe J ta thal *8"* the replacing of thS 
™als responsible for Europe could be a 
gooa first step. Richard Holbrooke will take 
ovcr rom Stephen Oxman as an assistant 
Se £ retai 7 °f state. Alexander Vershbow will 
renwe Jennooe Walker at the National Secu- 
nty Council. And a figure yet to be named will 
r^iace Thomas Simons Jr. as coordinator of 
aidprogrants to the former Soviet Union. 

These changes are useful but probably do 
not go far enough to calm the gathering alarm 
over the administration’s foreign policy per- 
formance. Mr. Holbrooke brings intellectual 
aad bureaucratic authority to his new job. Mr. 
Vershbow won high maria as Mr. Osman's 
“fiputy. And Mr. Simons’s replacement could 
re-enetgize a lagging aid effort. 

What worries Americans and foreigners 
alike is (he damage to US. credibility when an 
administration repeatedly fails to stand by 
either its promises or its threats. They are also 
troubled by an inability to focus on priorities 
and a decision- making process that seems to 
go on interminably and then produce only 
split-the-difTerence fudge. 

The problem is not, as often argued, the 
president's lack of attention to foreign policy. 
His grasp of the important global issues is 
impressive. Nor does he lack ability to speak 
effectively, as he demonstrated during the D- 
Day tour. The problem is that he has deliber- 
ately cultivated the impression of a domestic* 
oriented president not personally engaged in 
foreign policy. Thai lade of visible leadership 
has become a major liability, weakening his 
ability to win Congress to his domestic agen- 
da. The example of Jimmy Carter tells us that 

A Boost for Kohl 

The European parliamentary elections re- 
call Winston CburchiQ’s complaint about a 
pudding, that it lacked a theme. 

A swing to the right among voters in the 12- 
nation European Union? Well, yes, except 
that Socialist parties emerged with the most 
seats in the European Parliament: 200 out of 
567. True, Italy’s former Communist Party 
did worse than expected, causing the resigna- 
tion of its leader. But former Communists in 
Eastern Germany did better than expected on 
their old turf, w inning a surprising 40 percent 
in what used to be East Berlin. 

The European Parliament has only limited 
powers and is far from bong the legislative 
seat of a true European Union. But these 
elections offer a useful barometer of political 
shifts. And this poD produced a big and unex- 
pected winner. Chancellor Helmut Kohl of 
Germany. Hat could be important not just 
for Europe but for President BQl Ctinton. 

Outside Germany, protest voters punished 
longtime incumbents for failing to end a persis- 
tent recession. But Mr. Kohl's Christian Demo- 
crats bdd their ground, taking 39 percent of the 
vote, some seven points more than the opposi- 
tion Social Democrats. The far-right-wing Re- 
publican Party crumbled, while the Greens, an 
environment parly competing for left-wing 
votes, increased its share to 10 percent 
This was an excellent outcome for Mr. Kohl 

who in October Faces what was supposed to be 
his toughest national contest The luck of rota- 
tion will give the chancellor a further boost — 
in July, Germany assumes the Eun^ean Union 
presidency, mmnfng that ins ample image will 
be d ominating prime time through the cam- 
paign. Thus the most generally underestimated 
eg European leaders seems poised to become 
the Continent's strongest political figure. 

Mr. Kohl's skill as a horse trader will soon 
be tried, at the European Union conference in 
Corfu on June 24 and 25. The main task will 
be finding a successor to Jacques Ddors, “Mr. 
Europe," who beads the Union's Brussels bu- 
reaucracy. The two leading contenders are 
Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Debaenc 
and his Dutch counterpart, Ruud Lubbers. 

Nationalist opposition, especially in Brit- 
ain, has stalled the drive to greater unity. Bui 
if the European Union cannot deepen, it can 
still widen. In a weekend referendum, two 
ont of three Austrians wanted to seek mem- 
bership. which improves odds in Sweden. 
Finland and Norway. Adding new members 
will not resolve arguments over a common 
currency or a common initiative to end the 
slaughter in the Balkans. But new members 
could restore lost vitality to the European 
Union, which still remains discouragingly 
stuck in the lift-off stage. 


A Nasty Nuclear Mess 

At the heavily polluted sites where the U.S. 
government produced nuclear weapons for 
nearly 50 years, a great cleanup is now under 
way. Nobody can say what it will cost. The 
country has not made up its mind on the 
fundamental issues — how clean these sites 
should be and how fast the job should be done. 
This year the Energy Department wQi spend S6 
billion on this work, with similar outlays sched- 
uled as far ahead as the eye can see. Uneasy 
about these huge costs. Congress asked its 
Congressional Budget Office to take a look. In 
response, the CBO has offered a useful discus- 
sion of the nature of environmental risk. 

In some places it would be safest to do 
nothing for many years, leaving installations 
isolated and guarded until well into the next 
century when radiation levels will have de- 
clined. That is what the Energy Department 
has decided to do with eight reactors at Han- 
ford, Washington, that for decades produced 
plutonium and other ingredients of nuclear 
explosives. To remove the reactor cores and 
dism antle the buildings 75 years from now 
would cost one-third as much, with one-third 
the exposure to radiation of the people doing 
the work, as doing it immediately. 

Sometimes the cleanup creates risks — when, 
for example, bunting dirt to destroy pollutants 
may blow toxic residues into the air. Unless 
hazardous nmterials are likely to leak into the 
atmosphere or water supplies, leaving them 
alone is often worth considering. The CBO 
suggests lhai the Energy Department may of- 
ten be more Ekdy to waste money by moving 
too fast rather than too slowly. In ma ny pla ces 
it has signed agreements with the Environmen- 
tal Protection Agency and slate regulators 
promising action on a timetable. But some- 
times there is no effective technology to cany it 
ouL In those cases it might do beuer to renego- 
tiate the agreements and provide time for the 
development of belter methods. 

Although the nuclear weapons plants have 
reputations for toxic pollution, the CBO cites 
EPA studies concluding that hazardous waste 
sites present less danger to health than many 
more common threats — indoor air pollution 
for one, pesticide residues in food for another. 
The way the federal govemman is currently 
allocating its spending on environmental haz- 
ards is not closely related to the risks as they 
are assessed by the experts it has consulted. 

That raises a question about the annual 
outlay of $6 billion for this nuclear cleanup. It 
is the right figure only if the money is buying 
more health protection than it could if aimed 
at other kinds of pollution. Having spent half 
a century creating the messes at the nuclear 
installations, the country has now committed 
itself to correcting them. But in some of these 
cases it may be wiser and safer as a matter of 
environmental policy to leave them alone for 
another half-century. 


Other Comment 


— — "| War Drums 

Afraid of Inflation, Unafraid of the Jobless Don’t Rush 

if be allows the perception of ora bring quite 
up to (he job, it could threaten his re-election. 

Neither Warren Christopher as secretary of 
state nor Anthony Lake as national security 
adviser has made any significant impression 
on the international diplomatic and security 
community. They have not articulated a com- 
pelling vision of America’s future place in the 
world. They have failed to generate confi- 
dence at home or abroad that the State De- 
partment or the White House situation room 
are in the hands of people who reach firm, 
reliable decisions and focus Mr, Clinton's 
attention where it ought to be. 

The administration urgently needs to put 
forward a short list of wbac foreign policy 
problems really matter to America today. 
Ticking off the worthy goals of democracy, 
markets and expanding trade and a geograph- 
ical catalogue of Europe. Asia and the Middle 
East will not do. Focusing on key countries 
like Russia, China and Japan and specific 
issues like the World Trade Organization, 
nonproliferation and oil security would. 

The administration also needs to be far 
clearer on what it is prepared to do to resolve 
these problems. It has endlessly debated ibe 
issue of multilateral versus unilateral military 
action. But most of the problems that belong 
on the short list do not lend themselves to 
military approaches. 

The latest staff changes, coming on top of 
the promotion of Strobe Talbott to deputy 
secretary of state, strengthen the Clinton ad- 
ministration’s foreign policy team, but only at 
midlevd posts. These appointees could contrib- 
ute to a fresh start but direction will have to 
come from the president and, probably, from 
new leaden in one or more of the top jobs. 


W ASHINGTON — One man’s job is another 
man’s basis print in the brave new econom- 
ic world of the central bankers. Bong unemployed 
may be bad for you, but cheer up. It cods inflation 
and should be good for the markets. 

That is part of the unspoken (and unspeak- 

Bj Jim HoagJand 

goal to be sought by government but something 
to be opposed at all costs. 

In America, alarm bells now go off when 62 

able) philosophy that lies behind the mampuJa- percent or less of the work force is unemployed, 
tion of interest rates in the world’s leading Indus- in Europe, the central banks’ threshold number 

trial economies in recent months. Because of the 
central bankers' abiding and unbalanced fear of 
inflation, declining unemployment rates have 
become a hair trigger for raising interest rates. 

Even if they have not noticed it, most Ameri- 

Central bankers see a sustained 
decline in unemployment as a 
terrible development . 

cans have recently felt the impact of the jobs- 
interest rate connection as the Federal Reserve 
pushed up rates (measured in “basis points”) 
through tne spring while unemployment moved 
down. The home purchaser’s mortgage payments 
have gone up, and businesses seem to be restrain- 
ing expansion and hiriag, as the Fed desired. 

The relationship is neither totally new nor a 
one-way street. Interest rates are generally lowered 
at times of soaring unemployment in the hope of 
stimulating the economy. Few complain then. 

But two things are new. One is the high level of 
unemployment that needs to be sustained in 
developed economies for Fed Chairman Alan 
Greenspan and his international colleagues to 
feel secure in their jobs and reputations. Second 
is the politicians’ acquiescence in this monetar- 
ist strategy which makes full employment not a 

In Europe, the central banks' threshold number 
is closer to 10 percent. Anything less is a cause 
for gloom in the markets and action by the 
central bankas, who see a sustained decline in 
unemployment as a terrible development: a sig- 
nal that 19706-style inflation is on its way back. 

The bankers and fund managers resemble rid 
generals refighting ibe last war after the battlefield 
Has changed. They build a Maginot Line of high 
long-term interest rates instead of adapting mone- 
tarypoijcy to a world in wind) the greater barriers 
to economic renewal are unemployment and lack 
eg public investment in productive enterprises. 

“This is tilting at windmills.” says the New York 
investment banka Felix Rohatyn. Market heavy- 
weights Eke Mr. Rohatyn, a Democrat, and Pete 
Peterson, a Republican, support the objectives of 
fighting inflation and deficit reduction. But they 
say they have to be coupled with sensible in- 
creased spending for national infrastructure to cut 
both short-term and king-term unemployment. 

American policymakers have in fact moved 
from striving for full employment (in the 1960s 1 
to accepting 4 percent unemployed as a tolerable 
feature of the labor market (in the 1970s) to 
today’s 6 percent threshold with tittle public 
discussion. This hidden assumption about the 
“right” level of unemployment ties Reaganomics 
to OintoiKunics, and links Purl Volcker’s poli- 
cies to those of his successor, Mr. Greenspan. 

“Not long ago, 4 percent growth and 4 percent 
unemployment were not seen as something to 

wbny about," says Mr. Rofcatan. “In recent - 
years* technology, restructuring and foreign 
competition have pot significant downward pres- 
sure on prices and wages. It is Qkgical then to 
change the parameters and meat 3 percent 
growth and 6 percent unemployment as danger 
sgnals forinflation.'* 

Why areihe politicians quiet about this when 
the investment bankets speak out? They seem 
cowed byths success of Ross Perot’s defirit- 
cutting danagoguay and by the dangers of 
seeming soft an inflation. 

The influence: that Mr. Greenspan seems to 
exert on JSJ dinton is one theme of . Bob ■ 
Wood wartfs . timely new book “The Agenda." 
The portrait of President Clinton is a familiar 
Southern one of the responsible populist — his 
heart is with thc.fitik man, but the banker just 
won’t let him do the right thing. So the presi- 
dent reluctantly agrees to put ms first priority - 
on fighting the deficit and inflation instead of 
pushing for the billions in public investment in 
education and other infrastructure projects., 
pledged in Mr 1992 campaign. . : - 

The Economist argued recently that neither 
tite administration nor the book examines the 
premises of that “false dichotomy." The maga- 
zine added, “Not only are deficit reduction and 
big public investments not mutually exclusive: 
the latter ate n tore or less impassible without the 
former,” and “tins brutal truth escapes the politi- 
cal people" around Mr. Clinton. 

Mr. Rohatyn is more succinct “Unless you 
have growth you can not reduce the deficit.” 

Growth is measured in jobs as well as in ■stock 
and bond prices. Low inflation rates purchased 
fay high unemployment will turn out to have 
been a dubious bargain. 

The Washington Post. 

Three Steps to Tame Tribalism and Unify Europe 

N EW YORK — This is a pro- 
blematic moment in the long 
history of Europe. Only a short while 
back, the magic number 1992 
aroused expectations of a vibrant 
new Europe, united, more prosper- 
ous, more undaunted than ever be- 
fore: Today the dream of European 
unity seems more distant than it was 
a decade or two decades ago. 

What has befallen that dream? The 
answer is plain: nationalism. 

Nationalism can work for good or 
ill according to the circumstances. It 
was nationansi resistance that defeat- 
ed (hose, like Napoleon and Hitler, 
who tried to unify Europe by force of 
arms. It is nationalist feeling (hat 
today frustrates leaders whose bene- 
volent vision is to unify Europe by 
shared interest and mutual benefit, 
by persuasion and consent 
Nor has the end of the Cdd War 
helped. The Soviet threat was a po- 
tent factor in the promotion of Euro- 
pean unity. As the threat evaporated, 
so did die fell need to unite against a 
totalitarian energy — or even against 
the savagery unleashed in what once 
was Yugoslavia. Nothing has more 
discredited the vision of European 
unity than Europe’s impotence be- 
fore the Bosnian tragedy. 

As a Yugoslav political scientist 
well said — and who should know 
better? —“minorities are going to be 
an add test for all post-Communist 
societies. With communism all but 
disappearing, tribal instincts are 
coming back" And the hostility of 

eURO p^ 

hQU| e 

By Arthur Schlesinger Jr. 

one tribe toward another is among 
the most andent of human reactions. 

On every side today, in every sec- 
tion of the troubled planet, ethnic 
and religious fanaticism is breaking 
nations. ‘The virus of tribalism,” 
says The Economist, risks “becoming 
the AIDS of international politics — 
lying dormant for years, then Oaring 
up to destroy countries.” 

High technology is shrinking tbe 
globe and overriding traditional 

boundaries. But integrating pressures 
drive people to seek refuge from glob- 
al currents beyond their control and 
understanding. Tbe more people feel 
themselves adrift in a cold, imperson- 
al, anonymous world, the more des- 
perately they embrace some warm, 
familiar , intelligible, protective hu- 
man unit — the more they crave a 
politics of identity. 

Integration and disintegration thus 
are the opposites that feed on each 
other. Tbe more tbe world integrates, 
the more people ding to their own in 
groups increasingly defined in these 
post-ideological days by ethnic and 
reOgious emotions. 

Yugoslavia is only the most mur- 
derous portent of a darkening future. 
What was once tbe Soviet Union con- 
tains 104 distinct nationalities, 22 of 
which have populations of more than 
a milli on. Twenty-five million Rus- 
sians live outside Russia. The Insti- 
tute of Geography of the Russian 
Academy of Sciences tells us that 

there are now more than 160 border 
disputes in tbe ex-Soviet Union. 

Two milli on Hungarians Eve in 
Romania, 700,000 in Slovakia. In 
ah. 30 percent of the Hungarians 
live outside Hungary. And 300,000 
thousand Germans and 200,000 
Ukrainians lire is Poland. Nor is 
Western Europe lacking in ethnic, 
religious and linguistic enmities. 

According to the 1993 UN report 
on refugees, more than one in every 
120 people on the. globe is a refugee. 
It is estimated (hat 25 tmBion people 
will migrate into the EaropeanUwon 
in the next decade, mostly people of 
alien colors, creeds and customs. Xe- 
nophobia and racism are already the 
rising themes in European politics. 

How are democratic societies to 
cope with ethnic, racial and religious 

The United States had the advan- 
tage of settlers who (mostly) came to 
its shores precisely in order to acquire 
a new identity. Citizenship has been 
defined in terms not of ethnic origin 
but of political ideals, however im- 
perfectly we Americans have lived up 
to those ideals. 

We have developed traditions and 
agencies of assimilation. The melting 
pot, though uneven in its workings, 
nas created a new nationality, epluri- 
bus union. As Gunnar Myrdai wrote 
in “An American Dilemma,” his 
great study of race relations in the 
United Stales: "The minority peoples 


•V 1 £ 


The Fast-Eiection Europe Get Moving and Lock In Europe’s East = 

. . _ r C? •*> goslavias, tbe 

It is difficult to say whether Europe cranes 
out stronger or weaker from the European 
Parliament elections. The drop in voter partici- 
pation demonstrates that the cheers of Eu- 
rope’s fans are getting weaker. Europe's impo- 
tence in the face of the Yugoslav tragedy, its 
economic decline and tbe spread of unemploy- 
ment have not sufficed to arouse interest The 
new political landscape, in any case, will bring 
a toideocy to give precedence to the advan- 
tages of a wider market, postponing the dead- 
lines for the federal constitution, monetary 
union, common foreign and defense policies, 
die Social Charter and die rights of citizens. 

— II Ciomo ( Milan). 

International Herald Tribune 



i t'i-thuimrn 

J RICHARD McCLEAN. 1-uMhJmr & l hirf Etnulivr 

1 JOHN VINOCUR. Ljnvtne MiHv & Vfcr PnrmUw 


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D resden — it wiu take 30 

years to rebuild the Frauen- 
kirefae, the 18th century church that 
was this city’s proudest monument 
until a massive Allied air raid in the 
dosing days of World War U de- 
stroyed practically everything But 
the work has started, stone by num- 
bered stone. 

The decision to restore Dresden to 
the baroque magnificence that 
earned it die name of Florence of the 
North is being carried out Already 
palaces, museums, broad terraces 
alone the stately Elbe begin to 
match the old paintings of the capi- 
tal of Saxony, once one of Europe's 
richest kingdoms. 

This is at ibe heart of what reunifi- 
cation means to Germany, restoring 
the link with the past and with its 
European neighborhood. The Com- 
munist East German regime had fi- 
nally started some reconstruction in 
the 1980s. Bui for a long time it 
deliberately left tire nibble and dam- 
age and built only Stalin-styie atroc- 
ities to mark the break with die past 
and recall the city’s passage of horror. 

As Premier Kiirt Biedoikopf puts it. 
until the collapse of communism the 
Federal Republic was the easternmost 
part of Western Europe. Now “Ger- 
many is the center of the West." That 
is meant psychologically and histori- 
cally as well as geographically. “With a 
Polish Pope, how can it be denied that 
Poland is part of Western Europe?” 

Mr. Biedcnkopf is a West German 
Christian Democratic politician who 
came east to help and is now the most 
popular and successful leader in the 
area. It will take up to another de- 
cade. he thinks, for the “neu Lander" 
of the former East Germany lo be- 

By Flora Lewis 

come competitive with the West. But 
he is optimistic, despite strains and 
resentments on both sides, because 
there is so much help. “Half tbe mon- 
ey we spend in Saxony," he said, 
“comes from the West" There are 
huge pro Wans, but compared with 
the rest of ec-Communist Europe, the 
situation, he said, “is ideal" 

Jan Urban, a former Czech dissi- 
dent. agrees, pointing out that in 
addition to money and guidance, 
what were German Communist lands 
automatically acquired a judicial sys- 
tem and a set of laws to underpin 
transformation to democracy and ibe 
market Tbe other countries have to 
struggle with that 

The lessons of his special experi- 
ence are evident for Mr. Bicdenkopf. 
“The noneconomic factors are the 
most important, and the most diffi- 
cult.” be said. “The one thing you 
can’t speed op is learning. You have to 
transfer knowledge in a way that bol- 
sters people's injured pride and makes 
them feel part of community." 

From this he draws the conviction, 
that at least the Visegrad countries — 
Poland, the r«yh RnpabBc, Slovakia 
and Hungary — most orickly be as- 
sured of inclusion in me European 
Union and of NATO’s concern for 
ibdr security. Otherwise there will be 
tension on Germany’s borders, tor- 
rents of migration, and instability 
that will hurl the whole of Europe. 

In the West, integration could start 
with economics because there was a 
common economic system arid the 
politics were harder to merge- But for 
the lands to tit east it would axsl loo 

much — he estimates 5 to 7 percent of 
the total of Western Europe’s GNF fra- 
a decade — to bring them to a level 
where they could begin to sustain open 
competition. “So it has to start with 
politics," be says, and be is impatient. 

Mr. Biedenkopfs proposal is to 
separate timetables for economic and 
political inclusion in European 
Union, the second modi more rapid 
than the first, for tbe benefit of West 
aswefl as EasL The Easterners should 
be advisory participants in. the big 
1996 European Union conference 
projected by (he Maastricht treaty to 
review European institutions after 
tbe inclusion of Austria and probably 
tbe Scandinavian countries. . 

For the East, this assurance .of pro- 
spective admission would help stabi- 
lize democracy. Dangerous reactions 
of disillusion and frustration art aJ- 
ready appearing in firing nationalism 
and the return of Communist power 
structures. For the, West, it would 
help reach more farsighted, wiser de- 
ciaons on organizing tile future Eu- 
rope th«n are likely to resall from 
interim, tactical measures. 

There is no Question that ibe fall of 
the Berlin. Wall and what It symbol- 
ized is gong to force change in. West- 
ern Europe. Much of its "structure 
arose from the partition of Europe. 

of the United States are fighting for 
status in the larger society; the mi- 
norities of Europe are mainly fighting 
for independence from ft.” 

So there are evident limitations on 
the value for Europeans ofTbe Amer- 
ican experience. I am sore, however, 
that Europe must move beyond the 
idea of etnmc nations — the doctrine 
that citizenship should be based on 
bloodlines rather than on principles. 

Under correal German law, for 
example, people of German extrac- 
tion who have never lived in Germa- 
ny have a bettor legal claim to Ger- 
man citizenship than do people of 
Turkish origin who have lived in Ger- 
many for a couple of gsooatidns. 
Europe must accept the inevitability 
of hete ro geneity — and ihe conse- 
quent need to persuade heteroge- 
neoos peoples to five together in civil- 
ity ana harmony. 

Tbe first necessity is the rote of, 
law. Those who seek citizenship in a 
country can reasonably be caOed on 
to abide faryi the country’s constitution 
and laws. There are persons of ardent 
religious faith who come to a country 
and say that they will obey cmN those 
of the country’s laws that conform to 
their understanding of the Koran or 
some other sacred text. Such indigest- 
ible communities are hard to recon- 
cile with a democratic polity. 

A second necessity is productive 
employment Competition for jobs 
intensifies ethnic and racial hostil- 
ities and feeds mCtical extremism. 
Economic growth will not core ethnic 
prejudices, but it wall mitigate some 
of its worst effects. 

A third necessity is an internation- 
al framework dealing with minority 
rights. A resolution adopted by the 
UN General Assembly m 1970 de- 
clared that the right to sdf-detemu- 
nation should not be applied in a way 
(hat would break up compoate states 
when those states respect human - 
rights. Kit how to assure that re- 
spect? How to strengthen the interna- 
tional machiner y for the protection 
of minorities? 

The Dutch pnmosai for a High 
Commissioner foe Minorities desaves 
more serious ooorideratida than it has 
received from toe Conference on Secu- 
rity and Cooperation in Europe. Oth- 
ers suggest that the existmgEunjpeaii 
Court on Human Rights take on toe 
protection of minorities. 

Robert Badinter, president of 
France’s Constitutional Council, re- 
commends a European Arbitration 
Court. If Hungaiy, for example, filed 
a complaint about the treatment of 
ethnic Hungarians in otha- countries, 
the judges would wotk out a reason- 
able solution and begin to build up 
legal precedents that would in tim e 
amount to a common law for minor- 
ity problems. To avert an age of Yu- 
gostavias, the nationsof Europe must 
create some trans-European means of 
redndng ethnic conflict. . 

If we cannot de-ethmeize the con- 
cept of citizenship, provide jobs and 
develop machinery to protec minor- 
ities, it is hard to see bow the descent ' 
into tribalism can be stopped and the 
dream of European unity revitalized. 

The writer, professor pi the human- 
ities at the City . University of New 
York, contributed this comment to Ihe 
International Herald Tribune. 


By Richard Coh^ ° 



are about to hit the WSS 

of him, the United Stans be 
Bphring in three different P* 3 ** 8 “* 
S-mS: time — and maybe, asm the 
Vietnam War era, in its own streeeas 
wJl , ft is mins credit that America is 
fi gh tin g nowhere yet ' 

Waves: of trigger-ildjfoess come 

and go, sometimes abetted bys PJ® 1 " 
remark or two, but Mr. Qin~ - 
tottjust wafts than out. Now, though. 

' thbwardnunsaregrtWOT&mOT®®?^ 
more porsistenr: something has to ce 
done about -North Korea — a *~ 
quick Something indeed has to be 
done. But what’s tbe rush? 

To most Americans, the Korean 
crisis must be nearly incomprchena- 
ble. What with die IAEA and the 
NFT, fud rods and phitocium, it sug- 
gests a college coarse to be avoided at 
afi costa, Yet America may well be 
going to wapiti Korea. ' 

; If war comes, it will only be after 
toe Qhifo a administra tion has given 
North Korea every chance to get out 
of the box if has got itself into’.' That is 
beca M e no one in Washington knows 
-for sure whin North Korea’s inten- 
tions are. Is Kim II Sung really intent 
• on developing a nudear arsenal and; 
possibly, seflmg those weapons to 
otoer.rogne states Eke Libya or Iraq? 

- If so, war is downthe road apiece^ . 

If, however- North Koreahas blun- 

wDdxhance, w^^to^^ragcits m*- 
dear program fee some economic; 
goodies, it b going to find an attentive 
ear in Washington-. A second Korean 
War, after all, is almost undrinkable. 
-Seoul is within anfflay range of North 
Korea. So, Tor that matter, are many trf ■ 
tbc37,0OO UJ&. mffitaiy paspnnd sta- 
tioned in South Korea. At its nuriK. 
mum, this wcuM be anugJywar. 

Inf act, the stakes are sofaigh- that 
the adnrinisnation is indmed to let 
bygones be bygones. If North Korea 
wants to retain, ambiguity about its . 
.past nudear program, the Oimoa 
adragriitfation is apt gotng to pro- 
lest' What matters js .toe. course. 
North Korea takes in the fuazrt — 
notwfaetoa it has tottwo bombs that 
the CLV says it may have, but wheth- 
er it tests an atooric weapon and tries 
to tfevdop others. Puffing put of the 
Nonprofit eration Treaty Would be a 
teffing: signal, of intentions^, and so 
would removing cameras and otha 
devices by which nuclear programs 
are monitored. These -steps would 

TroaSe^to is the course" that 
North Korea seems to be on. Itseems 
hdWjent on doing — what? No one 
can be sure. The only cotainty is dial 
; it is playing a da^crcms game. It said 
sanctions would be tantamount to 
. war, and tbe Clinton administration 
has promised sanctions, Moreover, an 
Am e ri c an mQftary buildnp is 
consideration. The adnnrustratkm is 
serious about being taken seriously. 

The aditifaustration is following a 
prudent course: Bit . by bit it is m- 
creaang the pressure on North Korea 
without is5mqg toe sort of ulthtia- 
tums that midit be seen as a provoca- 
tion AfteraHTtime »not North Ko- 
rea’s aBy. It is an old^reome, deep 
into ideological senility. Its people 
are impoverished, toe country near 
non: 'Some nrifitary units are not 
combat worthy because the person- 
nel are undernourished, and in cer- 
tain factories managers fear that , 
starving workers will faint and fall c } 
intotoe machinery .They fear the loss 
of the machinery, of course. ’i 

Sooner or later. North Korea will } 
go the way of East Germany and, to . 
toe chagrin of South Korea, ask for a v 

reconciliation ■ — and a handout. In ^ 
the meantime, the United States and * 
other countries must deal with a mad- . - 
dating, if not mad, regime whose V 
intentions are neither dear nor, may- / 
be, rationaL lather way. North Korea 
has to understand that ii simply can-^ 
not have a unclear arms program. ■ 

The worfd, not to mention Bill Oin- 

ton, will not stand for it. y 

A war in the cause of notrprolifei/ • 
ation may well be. unavoidable. Bii 
a war based on ntisunderstandinj, 
and trttgered by exaggerated noV 
uons of national pride ought to be 
avoided at all costs. If Mr. CBntoc- 1 ' 

friP® somc ^ feeling ou] 
the North Korean position, thee it 
ought to have if. What’s the rush ! v 
There s always tune for war. V 

The Washington Post / 

IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS Afint 

i VO UI& Ulto«fluifliswwy* I#aw~ 1894c Attempt on Crispi - 001 delay of five) 1 

spectjve admission would help stabi- antic o^s givEu to toe Gcrmaxi Govern- 

l£e democracy. Dangerous reactions • n ? cnt “ *>* sufficiently long . . Tr. 

of disillusion and frustration are 3)- r<f toariassmateS- ' dCSi “ f^ Jress «J by tM 

ready appearing in rising nationalism lof by to M e ssma te Si- . pdegalion. a supplementary delav*. 

andtherearaof GraSminist power 

hdp reach m^ fa^biri waerde- shot went wide, thesecood shot also ' '■ ° r N °' #’ 

cisKms on otgamang toe Future Eu- missed ^ ^ before he could fire 1Q4A. i e. J. 

roj*. than are ffiedy to result from - arasfawas made on him from * OWn & SlOnOed : 

intaun, tecucal measures. all sides and he was disarmed. Dur- WITH AMERICAN FORrpc rxV 

There » W yatyutoatlbcfaDof ^ ^ ^ Sgnor Crispi remained FRANCE - [From owmSSv' 
^BahnW^landwtaltgFmbd. He showed no sign of edilioml AmeJicSTf **£} 

aed is gong fol fo«* change mWrah fear butsmtied and said it was noth- paratroopers, overwhelmMT ^ 
era Europe Muchof^^ffucture ^ ^ g**. ^ a pcr{ccl «sdsta«£lodW K 

ovaiktt, showing “Vivt Crispi!" - 

S“£Sr 1919: Allies- Grant Ddar 

This is easier to grasp in Dn»tei PARS -More delay! Ihe Suprane. fightinTai^ units* 
than in Western cities, where tattle Councd again 1 gave W ihe Ger- beachhL^ end of ihJ, 

has changed. Last wok’s European mansyesterdiy^une 16J. An official wHShS^J^lMontebourf ' 
electkms showed no sense of ui^ncy. communication issued late last night terdav in 3 them yea 

That is an aiusioa Europe is at a ^ r Hev had two more days tfo sign ' The 

watershed and it must move on or be ; or j^cfes.fhe Pew* TreatyL TheJpJ- Sauveur into^K W v hlch bought SI 
rent with rrcw upheaval.; .... lowing^ thc.text ofithis oommuni- . Americans tCrr u Placed tij 

* Flora Lewis. cation: “llie German ddegalibn has across th? °f toe « 3 - 

This is easier to grasp m Dresden 
than in Western cities, where tittle 
has changed. Last week’s European 
elections showed Do seme oT urgency. 
T hat is an flluskav Europe is at a 
watershed and it must move on or be 
rent vrtth new upheaval.; 

' Flora Le»v . . 

ngnimg at the nnniZI . 1111115 

uie hwtoent end of tin 

1 - ; 

u 9 O 

T: V-: Vj 

■ V 


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ear@ After Brown, 
ange Is Profound 






Anthony Lewis 

Brown v.^oarrf 

l?I9S4~ Edncaii< « 
ah™*!! * 3 attain ^ . 

pd the 
Iry un- 
effect of 

ne ? sc ^„ a uonviolent revolution,’’ 

feill a 4 * & If ™ DOled ’ ^ w ( 
feww than 100 blade elected officials 

- >: said, nr* rZ^- «*« 
:•: ® nl the dantj« l. 


Kicism now 
P^fter all, it is 
perican dilem- 
5ll suffer enor- 
hat difference 

Pave forgotten, or 
pas like in the South 
cw Young remarked 
fheNew York Tunes 




:iV £ :?. • 

itT- .OTHER 
H'TOffe Ei?. 

SfcWi- =-. S 

■P Moi ■? 

-. • C 

si Frontier 

T-‘. - *'• - • ‘-T- \ 

f&ors after Brown 
T T ■ ^tbication, not 

' oneblackchildicasma 
public school or college 
with whites in Alabama, 
Georgia, Louisiana, 
Mississippi or Virginia* 

recently: “People don't realize how bad 
things were. They can’t imagine." 

things were. They can’t i magine ." transform! 

In [954, and still 10 years later, black That is 
Americans were kept from voting in «t nonvioh 
Mississippi, much of Alabama andLou- that: a i 
isumaandpara of Georgia, South Caro race relati 
fioa and Tennessee. A Black who tried formation 

£' even to register in some c o mmun ities 
J risked his job, his home, his life: 
t Throughout the Deep South blacks 
: were forbidden by local law to enter 
; most restaurants or other places of pub- 
's. Be accommodation. They were barred 
r from “white" hospitals ana ambulances, 
i. A Birmingham ordinance forbade there 
■- to ride in “whit^ 1 taxis; a rule that was 
?■ considered u extrane example of petty 
t apartheid in Joh ann esburg. . 

> The Brown case was about public 
; schools; die Supreme Court held that 
l segregated education was "inherently 

* unequal.” But ihemoB^e was far. more 
profound. From nowon ' the constiiu- 

• dona] guarantee of “the equal protco- 
‘ tkm of d» laws" would mean jufit that. 

. “Among other tirinp the Brown ded- 

i skm sent a message to blacks," Burke 
f- Marshall, assistant attorney general for 
t civil 'limits from 1961 to 1964, said last 
*r montb at a conference at the John F. 

£ Kennedy library in Boston. 

t “Students Hire John Lems simply 
w. knew their time had come." 

■ John Lems was the founder and leader. 
t of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating 
V Com3ittDc, whkh protested against ra- 
f dal q u pws sj cp with mpsmng courage* 

, ' Today heisaxopgressman from Georgia. 
r “Ttes couatry is a afferent country 
X now," .Mr, Inns told: die Kennedy Lt- . 

South Africa. 

To note this anniversary, and cele- 
brate it, is not to overlook the injustice 
nn/t jmqoimiq that remain. Too man y 
blade American children are born into a 
ghetto life that slacks the odds over- 
whelmingly against them. 

Bui what America did accomplish was 
remarkable. Roger Wilkins, who is as 
aware as anyone of the task that re- 
mains, wrote in The Nation magazine 
that the Brown decision brought enor- 
mous social change. 

Segregation ended, and “blacks 
moved into positions undreamed of in 
the pre-Brown world — chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, quarterback in the 
NFL, mayors of major dries ..." 

For blacks is the middle class, many 
barriers are down. The terrible reality 
that remains is the underclass. That is 
a crisis not for blacks alone but for 
all Americans, . 

The New York Times. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor * and contain the writers sig- 
nature, name and full address. Let- 
tm should be brief and aestigect to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 

the return cf unsolicited manuscripts. 



Warren Christopher Square, Downtown Gomzde. 

It is a belter country. We have wit- 

oil c . ™ uuniaji in 

i SUUcs ' Today there are 

^W***bck of Coo- 
Srcss are blade. One is from Mississippi; 
something utterly unimaginable in 1964 . 

To achieve that result required a com- 
bination of legal, social and political 
action. The white Southern political 
structure resisted the desegregation or- 
ders of the courts with success for years. 

As late as 1960, six years after the 
Brown decision, not a single Mack child 
was in a public school or even a state 
univers ity with whites in Alabama, 
Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi or Vir- 
ginia. The courts could not end legally 
enforced racism alone: 

What happened was that protests, 
and brutal suppression of those protests 
by while officials, aroused the con- 
science of Americans who had not 
known or cared much about segregation. 
President Kennedy made the first 
speeds ever from the White House call- 
ing racism a moral issue. President Lyn- 
don Johnson pressed for action. 

The remit was the Gvil Rights Act of 
1964, outlawing discrimination in jobs 
and public accommodations. The vot- 
ing Rights Act of 1965, as it was en- 
forced, opened the voting rolls and 
transformed Southern politics. 

That is what Mr. Lewis meant by 
a nonviolent revolution. It really was 
that: a revolution in the law of 
race relations as decisive as the trans- 
formation we have just witnessed in 

V: .lira i i - 

i* i. -‘Ini 

S£ 8 

Tbr Omiun S-vclx 
I fn *ntrfr» 1>iafj 


Military m a Democracy 

Regarding "When a Military Estab- 
lishment Drifts Awav From the Society" 
(Opinion, April 14) by William Pfaff: 

The issue of military influence on a 
democratic society is ever timely and. in 
this case, very complex. Mr. Pfaff, I fear, 
dies the wrong historical antecedents 
for the current situation and draws a 
midwHin^ conclusion. 

I served in the US. Army when we had 
draftees as well as in the subsequent "all- 
vofun teer" (professional) army. Mr. Pfaff 
correctly describes the US. Army in Viet- 
nam as an unrepresentative force drawn 
from the poor, the black and the white 
working classes. College kids tike Bill 
Clinton seemingly could always find a 
way out of nrimary service. The post- 
Vietnam change to a professional army 
was not initiated by the military itself, but 
imposed from above by Richard Nixon, 
who wanted to dispose of the draft, which 
had become a vexing political problem. 

Many of us in the officer corps at the 
time disapproved of a professional army, 
and for some of the same reasons cited by 
Mr. Pfaff. We thought that (he army of a 
republic should be representative of and 
responsive to the people. When a profes- 
sional army is sent to some small war 
some w here, the public doesn’t really care 
so long as the casualties are professional 
soldiers (“They volunteered, didn't 
they T). But when draftees start getting 
killed, the public becomes critical. In this 
way, a professional military is a much 
more flexible instrument for the govern- 
ment — witness Grenada and Panama. 

In subsequent years, jhe raflitaiy strove 

mightily to make the professional army a 
success. Great seas of suits lies supposed- 
ly prove that the "aU-voIunteer" army is 
superior to the draftee army. 1 am not so 
sure. Certainly, the professional army is 
tidier, more malleable, and easier to man- 
age than (he volunteer army. 1 have my 
doubts, however, if it is more representa- 
tive. The same poor, black and while 
working classes make up the army as 
during the Vietnam War. in the draftee 
army, there was a nice leavening in both 
the officer corps and the enlisted ranks, 
with better-educated young people who 
bad different viewpoints from us lifers. 

Mr. Pfaff compares the current profes- 
sional U.S. Army with the Prussian pro- 
fessional army and with the development 
of state militarism in Wilhelmian Germa- 
ny. So Tar. the results have been just the 
opposite. The U.S. military leadership 
has been much more reluctant lo commit 
troops than have the Bush and Clinton 
administrations, keeping U.S. ground 
forces out of the Balkan quagmire (so 
far), showing reluctance lo get into Soma- 
lia (and, as events have proved, rightly so) 
and insisting on a dear, achievable strate- 
gy in the Gulf. 



Regarding “ America's Upstarts in Uni- 
form Should Go Quietly Back to Base " 
(Opinion, April II) by Richard K Kohn: 

If, as the writer suggests, the military 
sees itself as separaie from society, then 
this has been a two-way street. Since the 
draft was ended, the number of citizens 
with mflita/y experience has been greatly 
reduced. This becomes significant when 

"T ) t * 

\y I- 

Page 7 

A Hot One for the Court: 
Doctor-Assisted Suicide 

Bv Ellen Goodman 

these people enter government service. 

Most military personnel recognize the 
need for civilian oversight; the example 
of General Mac Arthur is drummed into 
officers from early on. The difficulty 
comes when the dvilians in oversight 
positions have no knowledge or military 
power and its components. 

In the current U.S. cabinet, not only is 
there a shortage of relevant military ’ex- 
perience — only Vice President Al Gore 
and Secretary of Veterans Affairs Jesse 
Brown have recent experience — but 
this is the first modem administration to 
be markedly apathetic to the military. 

The sad fact is not that the militaiy has 
grasped control from the civilians! but 
that civilian leadership has given it away. 


Heidelberg, Germany. 

Italy; To Avert Erosion 

Memories are lamentably short and 
there is a natural tendency to forgive 
and forget. Notwithstanding, there can 
be no compromise with evil. Any person 
or group inat man hes under the banner 
of fascism or Nazism or any of their 
reincarnations must be barred from the 
democratic prednets of the European 
Union. It is urgent that the situation in 
Italy be studied carefully in the EU and 
necessary condusions drawn. It would 
be better to add to Italy’s political diffi- 
culties than to make a mockery or a 
democratic institution. Surely there are 
enough wise and prudent Italians to save 
their democracy from any erosion. 


Porto. Portugal. 

B OSTON — For the past few weeks, 
while the United States waited to 
hear who would be nominated to tbfe 
Supreme Court, a series of lower court 
decisions was being laid down, one case 
after another. like stepping stones, lead- 
ing to ihe door of ihe courthouse, 
whoever sits on the highest bench is 
going to be there when one of the most 
sensitive issues arrives; the issue of doc- 
tor-assisted suicide. The question will 


come bearing all the moral weight and 
political heat of the issue of abortion; 
the decision may be as famous and as 
fractious as Roe' v. Wade. 

Two courts have now issued absolute- 
ly opposite opinions about the constitu- 
tional right to assisted suicide. One of 
these was in Michigan, where the Jack 
Kevorkian story is the longest-running 
saga of America's public ethics class. 

On May 1 Dr. Kevorkian was acquit- 
ted of breaking a law specifically written 
to stop him. After watching an emotion- 
al videotape that showed Thomas Hyde, 
in advanced stages of amyotrophic later- 
al sclerosis, pleading to die. the jury' 
refused to convict Dr. Kevorkian of 
wrongdoing for heeding that plea. 

Days later, the state appeals court 
struck down the so-called Kevorkian law. 
on a technicality. But the same 2-to-l 
majority on the appeals court went on to 
declare that there is no constitutional 
right to suicide or to assisted suicide. 
“Dberty and justice will not cease to exist 
if a right to commit suicide is not recog- 
nized," wrote Judge Thomas Fitzgerald. 

This is the exact opposite of what a 
federal district court judge in Seattle had 
decided days earlier. There, Judge Barba- 
ra J. Roths lein struck down a 140-year- 
old state ban on assisted suicide, saying 
that the law violated the 14th Amend- 
ment by restricting a person's liberty. 

“There is no more profoundly person- 
al decision." she wrote, “nor one which 
is closer to the heart of personal liberty 
than the choice which a terminally ill 
person makes to end his or her suffering 
and hasten an inevitable death." So the 
sides are joined with more cases to come. 

About 30 U.S. states make it illegal to 
help someone commit suicide. In opin- 
ion polls, the public is in favor or letting 
doctors aid tne terminally, painfully iU 
who want to die. But at the voting polls, 
they have publicly rejected initiatives 
that would make it legal. 

Indeed, in Washington State, some of 
the same people who brought their case 
to the ballot in 1991 and lost, brought 
their case lo the court in 1994 and won. 

Judge Rothstein's opinion leaned 
heavily on the Supreme Court's abortion 
decisions. But the analogy to abortion is 
not just a legal one. It is a political one. 

we Amen cans arc at the same point in 
the debate over suicide, assisted suidde, 
the right-to-die. and euthanasia, that we 

were in the debate over abortion in the 
eariy 1970s. We are at the beginning. 

Uhicisis and advocates may have 
done a great deal of thinking about 
suicide, but the image in the public mind 
is still largely like the one in Thomas 
Hyde’s videotape. It is ihe panrail of a 

painfully, terminally ill person. It is us. 

We have not yet traversed all the slip- 
pery slopes around this territory. Nor 
nave we wrestled, compromised, argued 

through a list of safeguards. 

We have only begun to discuss when 
and who and under what circumstances 
which patients should get ihe help of 
which doctors. When is pain truly un- 
controllable? What is terminal? Who 
needs a doctor's help in dying and who 
needs our help in living? 

These questions are being explored in 
places like Michigan where a legislative 
commission is meeting and in Oregon 
where careful advocates have produced 
a ballot initiative. 

But in America, the courts continually 
preempt public debates. In 1973. the 
Supreme Court issued the abortion deci- 
sion in Roe v. Wade. But Justice Harry 
Blackmun's compromise did not mute 
the controversy. An abortion war fol- 
lowed in which a scorched-earth policy 
replaced the search for common ground. 

Now we are about to scrutinize Justice 
Blackmun's likely successor. Stephen 
Brcyer. We will measure his humanity as 
carefully as his mind. Because there' are 
cases making their wav inexorably to his 
doorstep. And the furor over the' end of 
life could be every bit as intense as the 
furor over the beginning of life, 
l1 ^ The Boston Globe Company. 

No Further Appeal 

C HIEF U.S. District Judge Barbara 
Rothstcin of Washington State has 
discovered buried deep in the constitu- 
tion what no one had heretofore been 
able to find; the right to assisted suicide. 

If there is to be a right lo assisted 
suicide, why stop with the terminally ill? 
Under what principle should the non ter- 
minally ill or even the healthy be denied 
the autonomy of assisted suicide? 

When the' Supreme Court rewrote 
abortion laws in 1973. it usurped the 
abortion debate at tremendous political 
and social cost. As Ruth Bader Gins- 
burg has argued. Roe v. Wade "hailed a 
political process that was moving in a 
reform direction and thereby, I believe, 
prolonged divisiveness and deferred sta- 

ll the consequences of permitting as- 
sisted suidde turn out to be as baleful as 
I fear, a democratic decision can always 
be reversed. But with constitutional 
rights there is uo further appeal. And as 
with abortion, all that is left is bitter- 
ness, angry demonstrations, and a deep 
sense of disenfranchisement. 

— Charles Krauthammer 
in The Washington Post. 

VI s 

—4 t 

v/’ r<v 

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Saint Laurent vs. Lauren. 

Tbe Paris Tribunal de Commerce 
will pass judgment on a tuxedo dress 
put cm sale in Ralph Lauren bou- 
tiques in 1992 that Yves Saint Lau- 
ren! considers his original design. 

Tbe French couture house is de- 
manding damages of 5 million 
francs (about S870.000) against the 
American designer for counterfeit 
and unfair competition. 

“It is not even a question of artis- 
tic patrimony — this dre&s is a real 
copy,** says Pierre Beige, the com- 
bative partner of Saint Laurent. “I 
think it is scandalous that a design- 
er should get an international repu- 
tation by copying- It is a great pity 
that Europe can’t get together to 
harmonize the law.” 

Lauren has counterattacked by 
complaining of denigration, be- 
cause of comments on the case 
made by Beige in the American 
trade publication Women’s Wear 
Daily. Lauren is demanding I mil- 
lion francs. 

Copyright cases are nothing new 
in the fashion world. Companies 
with status names and logos spend 
millions of dollars annually on pur- 
suing counterfeiters. 

But Saint Laurent vs. Lauren 
concerns two major international 

f +>■++- y * ’ 


8, rue de Sdwes, 

Paris 6 th 

fashion companies that are house- 
hold names — as opposed to a 
renowned designer chasing a Sev- 
enth Avenue knockoff merchant. 
Beige’s action has brought into fo- 
cus the enormous and undefined 
area of copycat designs that is 
threatening to undermine the de 
signer business. 

In New York, another di 

ongoing, between 
and Bloomingdale’s. The Italian 
designer complains that the store 
picked up the neo-punk safety-pin 
gimmick in his spring collection 
and immediately put it ia the store. 

Behind the wrangle is another 
current issue: whether stores 

should do good by their customers 
by taking inspiration from (read 
copy) designer merchandise they 
carry to create less expensive ver 
dons under their own private la 
bels. .And whether they should 
jump the gun knowing that the rest 
of the trade will do so. 

“It’s a problem, they should 
change die law — it is necessary to 

1’ves Saint Laurent, at left, and his 1992 tuxedo dress, 
the subject of a suit against Ralph Lauren, above. 

the YSL tuxedo dress, a jet-black ness was in fashion’s womb. Now a 
one. Models wearing the two dress- very few designers supply a food 
es paraded before Judge Madeleine chain of ideas that are served up 
Cotelle on April 27. She comment- not just by cheap manufacturers. 

ed that the ankle-length, double- but by stylists set up m brand-nam 
breasted sleeveless dresses were not fashion bouses, and by the stores. 

Empire dress by Chloi, (eft, and Dontti^Kdro^ 

L ^ v . y 

identical in fabric or detaiL 

Forte bewails tbe overwhelming 

Saint Laurent’s case rests on tbe amount of private- label merchan- 
claim that be designed tbe tuxedo disc appearing in stores over the 
dress in 1970 and re-interpreted it last five years, 
in his fall/ win ter 1992 couture and “It doesn’t affect Armani,” she 
ready-to-wear collections. The says. “Tomorrow morning l can 
Lauren dress was not shown on the demand that the Armani space be 
runway in his New York show, but removed from the store. It’s not the 
was made for boutiques and ap- problem for Chanel, Hermis or 
peared in the French magazine Louis Vuitlon, it’s for people who 
Jours de France Madame in De- can’t afford to fight by saying, ‘I 
ceraber 1992. Ralph Lauren has de- won't sen to you.”* 
dined to comment on the case. 

Saint Laurent is indisputably tbe 
designer who turned tbe male tux 
edo into a female garment in tbe 
1960s. The judge must decide 
whether YSL has any rights to the Westwood, whose clothes are 
design of a dress that is not a line- bought by big stores — if at 
for-line copy of tbe oriamaL 

Then Chanel should sue tbe Karl Lagerfeld al Chand picked up 


$0- M 

k "Mte Mr 


N example of a designer 
with creative ideas but 
no financial clout is the 
Briton Vivienne 
Westwood, whose clothes are 
bought by big stores — if at all — 
only as window-dressing. Even 
Karl Lagerfeld at Chanel picked up 

whole world!” says Gabriella Westwood's corset — although its 
Forte, vice president of Giorgio Ar- artistic origins probably rest with 

Corset dress from Westwood, left, 2988; 

mani. She was referring to the pro- 
liferation of gilt-buttoned Chanel 
look-alike tweed suits. 

Chanel which spends 30 milli on 
francs annually on counterfeiting 
lawsuits, has found it “nearly im- 

Madame de Pompadour’s corse- 

“Is it O. K. to copy if it is 20 
years later?” enquired Forte. 
“Someone can say you copied from 
the 1940s and modified iL At what 

possible" to take legal action unless point do you go back?" 
it concerns the “characteristic Well to a designer’s last show. 

signs" of the double-C logo — ac- 
cording to Chanel executive Ber- 
nard Lehmann. 

And it is harder in the United 

maybe. When Donna Karan saw 
the high-waisted Empire dress with 
velvet bodice and fine wool skirt in 
the window of a downtown store 

Stales than in Europe,” says Leh- she was amazed. 

matin, citing the case of the design- “It's not flattery, it's killing re- 

er Adolfo, who has been obviously tail” says Karan. “Every place I 


is proud to announce the establishment of the 


Made possible by the generosity of 

HENRY J. LEIR, D.Sc. (HON) 1979 
of the U,S. A. and Luxembourg 
entrepreneur, world business leader, humanitarian 

and the appointment of 

defend the designer." says Santo 
Versace, the designer’s brother and 
i company president, who says that 
i tbe Versace firm spends $2 million a 
1 year in legal costs to chase copyists, 
i The YSL court case has thus be- 
come a catalyst for various disputes 
in a fashion world where more and 
more designer labels are aimed at a 
sialic or shrinking clientele In the 
past, the view has been that, once 
an idea is launched, it becomes gen- 

eral fashion currency and nothing 
can be done 

The judgment Wednesday, sub- 
ject to appeal, could be a test case 
in defining a creative idea or a 
designer’s signature style and des- 
ignating it “an intellectual proper- 
ty." If proved, the concept of bor- 
rowing a fashion language could be 
considered tike plagiarism in litera- 
ture — and therefore actionable. 

It is a gray area. Or. in the case of 

inspired by Chanel. He says that in 
the United States the focus is on 
the consumer who must not be mis- 
led, rather than on the rights or the 

Forte thinks it difficult to define 
“intellectual property" in fashion. 

“The ’Annani-ization’ of every 
pret-i-porier company that makes 
jackets has also led to tbe fame of 
Armani," she says. The argument 
that imitation is the sincerest form 
of flattery goes back at least to Elsa 
Schiaparelli, who said of her work 

turned I saw my Empire dress and I 
hadn't delivered it and I wanted to 
keep it on an exclusive bass. I find 
it very demoralizing. And the con- 
sumer is totally confused over 
whai’s new and what’s now." 

Karan blames “despicable" pho- 
tographers who sell photos of the 
shows. But in a court of law it 
might be difficult to prove how 
exclusive the dress was. It was a 
look of (be season and Lagerfeld 
had a similar style in his Chloi 
collection in Paris three weeks be- 

'* ' ' ■. . 

in the 1930s: “All the laws about fore Karan's New York show, 
protection from copyists are vain Given that only 8 handful of de- 

K* vm tuw IBUI VIIVU UMI truly a UOUUJUI xn UV g M J | * _ , _ - f r\r\r\ TrfT Ann 

and useless. The moment that peo- signers originate fashion in any one Jeweled gloves O] Lacroix, left, 1990/ YSL;1W& 
pie stop copying you, it means that generation, there should be some . 

you are no longer any good and legal protection from copyists. bag, although that was ultimately gloves and Ny aspired 
that you have ceased to be news.” “They are parasites,” says Jean- settled out of court. It is currently Baroque period thatfittj 
But that was before vast fortunes Jacques Picart, partner of Christian pursuing a company in the garment on Lacroix's irinway.iatfr 

in f rwnnrM nnH nihw tninj^ff I arm™ TK* rnmnomi *» ,f n I. e v _ ■■ . ■ ’•’mi* 

pie stop copying you, it means that generation, there should be ’some 
you are no longer any good and legal protection from copyists, 
that you have ceased to be news.” “They are parasites,” says Jeau- 
But that was before vast fortunes Jacques Picart, partner of Christian 
in fragrances and other spin-off Lacroix. Tbe company started an 
products hung on a designer label action against the German compa- 
aod when tbe ready-to-wear busi- ny Escada for copying a belt and a 


ei ■ -1 J _ . . r . v ■ i- .< . , , , 

$ ‘ wrtly befor 
■J): s Yeltsin pi 
:'”:d affronts i 
n. ‘ i the rest of 

jj’-is willing (< 
jS.:ires recognfc 
$'-T- But give 
U vior toward 
;j.jer and, if j 
fj :-*ni Europe i 
> j’ | reel a “sph 
*«;’!y seem justil 

as the first holder of this distinguished chair 

on Wednesday May 4, 1994 

Boston. Medford: Somerville. Grafton 
Massachusetts, USA 
Taiioires. France 

disuict of Pans, for copying La- many accessory lines -^Bfli 
croix buttons. A more difficult case Saint Laurent ’ ' 
to prove would be the jeweled 7 hc origins of a " 

known within the * 

But tiie public camiwiiy!-?'. 

tjn g ui sfr between a 'cRaB* 
er, one who isinfhKflffdlt 
in tiie fashion ether sod* 
whose job it is to pick 
“Fashion is e&itiiiifri m 
designer status and t» r 
confused as to wbai s i 
and who is a stytistfa®^- 
don’t want to w efifist 
and a designer arctw* , . 
things” .{•; 

There is another , 

Laurent vs. Lauren 
signers once had tbe 
fashion businesses,' 
find themselves twnjp* . 
American desjgpenrr^j- 
rope. On Triteday, 
will launch 

Lauren, Oscar delaR-r-_. 
vin Klein (criticized _ 
having built his 
mani insmratioBs) x 

back home. - 

but in his a 
agn of sanity,” 
lying his actios is A 
■what is going on.” - , 

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■•^■.:. ^ ^r:v.v*f.>.y 

International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, May 17. 1994 ^ 

S® »*!BlNDBr 1 1 1 .52® 

t2o Jsiness News. k!? ^ comp,,0d 

Mead Set 
To Sell 

Page 9 

90 -- tf cn 

ijW*- weJghUjig: 32 % 
Close: 129.54 Pibvj 12899 

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Close: 114.39 Prw.: 114.16 

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© frnemetfona) HeraJd TifMine 

r. ■: • y v r- 


Tkr Associated Press 

DAYTON. Ohio — Mead Corp. 
said Monday that it would proba- 
bly sell Mead Data Central Inc., a 
, subsidiaiy that offers the Lexis and 
Nexis on-line information services. 

Mead C0rp„ which makes and 
sells paper and pulp, said it would 
use the proceeds to improve its busi- 
nesses in these areas as wtNJ as in its 
packaging, paperboard, container 
materials, school and office prod- 
ucts divisions. 

The company has hired ihe Wall 
Street investment adviser Gold- 
man, Sachs & Co. to evaluate 
whether selling is the best way to 
divest itself of Mead Data Central. 

“WeVejust started the process." 
said Betsy Russo, a Mead Corp. 
spokeswoman. “We think the most 
logical conclusion will be a sale to a 
strategic buyer.” 

Mead Data Centra] is a major 
provider of on-line legal, news and 
financial information services and 
operates in the electronic publishing 
marfceL Nexis is the company's 
computer-assisted research service 
for general and business news, while 
Lexis is its legal research service. 

Mead Corp. bought the company 
in 1968 for $6 million. In 1993, the 
subsidiary earned $30.4 million cm 
sales of $551 million. The previous 

year, it had earnings of $50.6 million 
cm sales of $495 million. 

Mead Data Central employs 
about 3,800 workers worldwide. 
Last August, the company laid off 
400 workers in a cost-cutting move. 

Steven Mason, Mead Corp. 
chairman, said that if Mead Data 
Central is sold. Mead could use the 
proceeds to strengthen its competi- 
tive position by buying other busi- 
nesses, improving productivity, re- 
ducing debt or buying back stock. 

Mead Corp„ based in Dayton, 
has offices and operations in 30 
countries and employs about 
22,000 people. It reported first- 
quarter profit of $27.6 million. 

Mead said its directors decided 
to focus on the company's forest- 
products business. **I think it's 
probably a reasonable thing f 0 r 
than to do because this is not the 
main guts of their business,'' said 
John Weiler, director of the Center 
for Business and Economic Re- 
search at the University of Dayton. L 

Venezuela Banks: 
A ** Catastrophe 9 
Awaiting Rescue 

Feuding EU Officials 
Dim Summit Prosuei 

By James Brooke 

AW- York Times Service 

CARACAS — In Latin 
America's worst banking crisis 
of the Tree-market 1990s, a 
siring of failures since Januarv 
has left half of Venezuela's 
banking indusiry in the hands 
of the government. 

Venezuelan taxpayers face a 
S6.I billion bailout bill, as the 
government props up nine 
banks, including Banco Latino, 
the countiy's second-largest. 
More banks may fall as inspec- 
tors unravel a five-year-long 
banking spree of free-floating 
interest rales and mi nimal gov- 
ernment supervision. 

“Eighty to 90 percent of the 
banking system is compromised 
in this catastrophe," said Oscar 
Garcia Mendoza, president of 
one of the strongest banks here. 
Banco Venezolano de Credito. 
“If you don’t have policemen 
on street comers, bankers will 
run red lights.” 

The costly bailout is contrib- 
uting to political instability. 
While fugitive bank directors 
enjoy comfortable overseas ex- 
ile, Venezuelans are paying for 
the bank failures with high in- 
flation, reduced government 
services and shrinking econom- 
ic activity. 

For Venezuela’s economy, 
today's financial crisis is rough- 
ly 10 times as severe as the fail- 
ure of U.S. savings and loans 
institutions in the early 1990s. 

For the United States, the 
$105 billion savings and loans 
bailout represents 1.6 percent 
or gross national product and 7 
percent of the projected 1995 
federal budgeL 
By contrast, Venezuela’s $6.1 
billion bailout represents 1 1 
percent of Venezuela’s gross na- 
tional product and 75 percent 
of the government’s 1994 na- 
tional budgeL Banco Latino 
had 1.2 million depositors -r- i 
about 10 percent of Venezuela’s j 
adult population. - t 

“There was absolutely no su- 1 

pervision," one American 1 

Asian Values Deserve More Respect 

By Rqpnald Dale Assistant Secretary ai State Winston involvement in trade and industi 

International TferaJJ Tritune Lora wants —correctly —-that Washington’s Anglo-Saxons. 

W ASHINGTON — Suddenly the ammd e is driving Asian coon tries into a Furthermore, Mr. Garten mail 
world is witnessing the opening common from against the United States. cm leverage over the rest of i 
shots in a cultural clash be- At the Commerce Department, Jeffrey E s^PPiug- T° e West is no longer i 
tween Asian and American val- Garten, undersecretary for intemaiinnai in supplying foreim aid and nrili 

By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribune 

W ASHINGTON— Suddenly the 
world is witnessing the opening 
shots in a cultural claSh be- 
tween Asian amid American val- 
ues, and so far America is losing. It is high 
time for a change of tactics., 

The conflict is not just about corporal 
punishment in Singapore Nor is it limited to 
the political and social differences stemming 
ftam American individualism versus Asian 

It is also about the different ways Asia and 
the West do business and resolve commercial 
and economic disputes. The way it plays out 
may change the way the worid economy is run. 

Asia’s new assertiveness flows from the. 
growing recognition of its economic power. 
After years in which the^ West bus talked down 
to them, many Asians fed they have finally 
tipped the scales of history in their favor. 

That burgeoning self -confidence puts Asia 
on a collision course with an administration 
in Washington that it sees as bullying and 
high-handed — whether in pressuring China 
onbuman rights, seeking to interfere in Sin- 
gapore’s judicial processes or brow-beating 
Japan on trade. 

The American approach is not working. 
President Bill Clinton has had to back away 
from Was hing ton's initial demands far man- 
aged trade with Japan; he is facing defeat in 
Jus bid to link China’s exports to human 
rights- and he failed to stop the caning of 
I&!d Fay in Singapore. 

It is not surprising that some of the admm- 
istration’s more thoughtful members have 
Parted calling for a less abrasive approach, 
an tatSnal State Department docu- 

ment, Assistant Secretary <rf State Winston 
Lord wains —correctly —that Washington’s 
att itu de is driving Asian countries into a 
common front against the United States. 

At the Commerce Department, Jeffrey E 
Garten, undersecretary for international 
trade, contends that Asian values and princi- 
ples will in the future have to play a greater 
role in the global economy. 

As Asia surges forward, Western attempts 
to control international dedsion-makmg 

Asians feel they have 
finally tipped the scales of 
history in their favor. 

through the Group of Seven will become 
increasingly less credible. The same goes for 
the West’s dominance over multilateral insti- 
tutions such as the World Bank and the 
In te rnati onal Monetary Fund — and, next 
year, the Weald Trade Organization. 

Mr. Garten argues that with the rules and 
practices of the WTO by no means set in 
concrete, it' win have to take Asian ways of 
doing things into account or risk bong by- 
passed by Asian nations. 

Asia's contribution will be differenL 
Asians do not, for example, share the litigious 
and confrontational Anglo-Saxon approach 
to disputes, where courts rule in favor of one 
of two advmsaries. 

Asians believe in consensus; they prefer 
arbitration, and they often give greater im- 
portance to personal than to contractual rela- 
tionships. They also accept more government 

involvement in trade and industry than most 

Furthermore, Mr. Garten maintains. West- 
ern leverage over the rest of the world is 
slipping The West is no longer so dominant 
in supplying foreign aid and mili tary protec- 
tion, or in advanced technology. 

Of couise, the West's rules still largely hold 
sway. And the United States has a' good 
chance to reinforce them by quickly ratifying 
the outcome of the Uruguay Round of world 
trade talks — effectively an imra- Western 
deal between Washington and Brussels — 
and bringing China into the WTO while it is 
still prepared to accept Western conditions. 

But Washington cannot simply impose its 
values. If it tries to, there is a dear risk that 
the Asians wfl] set up their own arrange- 
ments, from which the United Slates might 
find itself excluded — as Malaysia, for in- 
stance, is already advocating. 

That would be the end of Mr. Clin ion's 
vaunted Pacific community. Around the 
world, other developing countries could be 
increasingly tempted to adopt the Asian rather 
than Western economic and political modeL 
Of course, some Asian government atti- 
tudes are self-serving. Japan, for example, 
clearly hopes to do better business in China 
by playing down human rights and aligning 
itself culturally with Beijing. As many Asians 
admit, their societies are far from perfect. 
There is nothing to be smug abouL 
Nobody is saying that America has to aban- 
don its values. But American values will have a 
better chance of prevailing if the United Stales 
starts treating its Asian partners with greater 
respect. As Mr. Garten puts it. Washington 
must cultivate a new leadership style —“one 
based not on fiat but on consultation. 

•TTTTifi „ jr 


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3-mntti taterbeafc S\ S*9 

Onnoata Intertxmk s \ su 

Wmw OAT i JI5 S.9J 

Sources; Reuters. Bloomberg, Merrill 
Lynch, Boat of Tokyo. Cominenbank. 
Gnenwett MontOBu. Cnfcor Lvonnois. 


• AM. PM. Ch'ee 

fnkh 30IL45 379X5 - 2J0 

38045 379X0 - 135 

NewYer* 311.10 383J0 +l» 

UX HsUqrs per ounce. Lorxkm official tix- 
***»■ Ztirkti and New York onentno and etos- 
tooertas; stew York Come* t June l 
Source; Reaterx 

banker in Caracas said, review- 
ing the collapse. “The regula- 
tors weren't trained. They 
didn’t have a budgeL" 

Late last fall, when Banco 
Latino officials began to realize 
that their house of cards was 
collapsing, they started trans- 
ferring hundreds of million of 
dollars overseas. In the final 
frenetic days, one bank director 
foresaw judicial orders on freez- 
ing assets and sold his million- 
dollar mansion. 

Venezuela has no tradition of 
punishing white-collar crime. 
Three bank failures in the late 


today’s financial 
crisis is roughly 
10 times as severe 
as the failure of 
U.S. savings and 
loans in the 
early 1990s. 

By Tom BuerkJe 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — European Union 
officials clashed sharply Monday 
over proposals to press ahead with 
deregulation and to finance trans- 
portation and information high- 
ways, dimming prospects for 
Union leaders to agree on concrete 
pleasures to stimulate growth and 
jobs at their summit meeting in 
Greece next month. 

is expected to edge up to 11.6 per- 
cent from 1 1 percent now. 

The biggest dispute Monday re- 
volved around a German proposal 
to set up a task force of business 
leaders to identify excessive regula- 
tions that hinder investment and 
job creation. 

While the German plan got 
strong support from Bri tain , Jac- 

Confromations at meetings of 
EU foreign and finance ministers 
here show that the Union remains 
deeply divided between countries 
led by Britain and Germany, which 
believe deregulation and lower costs 
hold the key to ending Europe’sjohs 
crisis, and a camp led by the Euro- 
pean Commission, the EU executive 
agency, which has proposed a mas- 
sive program of public works pro- 

The division has raised the risk 
that the summit meeting in Corfu 
will be a mere repeat of the leaders' 
last meeting in Brussels in Decem- 
ber, when they endorsed the broad 
outlines of a commission study on 
jobs and competitiveness without 
endorsing any specific actions. 

The commission's latest econom- 
ic forecast highlights the risk of 
inaction. Although the forecast ex- 
pects growth in EU countries to 
pick up to 1.6 percent this year and 
2.5 percent in 1995, unemployment 

H uca vwhx me commission presi- 
dent. attacked the plan as an end- 
run around the authority of the 
executive body. 

Mr. Delors and Kenneth Clarke, 
Britain's chancellor of the Exche- 
quer, also renewed their dispute 
oyer financing of the highways, 
high-speed railways and informa- 
tion networks considered 
to Europe’s future competitiveness 
and ability to create jobs. 

Mr. Delors told foreign ministers 
that the Corfu s ummi t should re- 
sult in a firm commitment to new 
Union financing me chanisms to 
raise some of the 8 billion Europe- 
an currency units ($9 billion) a year 
in new funds that the commission 
says are needed to fund long-term 
projects that may not return a prof- 
it for as long as 30 years. 

But Mr. Clarke remained ada- 
mantly opposed, saying there was 
plenty of funding available from 

the European investment Bank and 
the private sector. He was support- 
ed by Germany, which is unwilling 
to endorse new EU spending at a 

time of stiff budget cuts at home 
and by France. Finance Ministe 
Edmond Alphandery said fundini 
already available from the Unior 
budget and the European Invest 
mem Bank woe more than suffi 
dent to finance the top 10 project 
that EU leaders were expected n 
approve at Corfu — a list that in 
eludes the Paris- Berlin higb-spea 
raO line pushed by France. 

Officials of Britain, France am 
Germany said that as a result o 
their opposition, there was Iitt! 
chance that Mr. Delors would wii 
the funding commitment he wa 
seeking from the summit meeting 

In other matters Monday 
France blocked the approval of" 
trade pact with Russia that wouli 
offer Moscow the prospect of a> 
eventual free-trade agreement. 

Foreign Minister Alain Jupp 
said the pact negotiated by the con- 
mission m recent weeks lacked adt 
quale safeguards to protect France’ 
nudear-fud industry from chea 
Russian uranium exports. He sai- 
he would continue to insist that un 
mum trade be excluded from th 
agreement, a position he will take t 
Moscow on Thursday>. 

The other 11 EU foreign minis 
ters said they were ready toendois 
the pact, however, and a commis 
sion official said he believed th 
French were merely taking “on 
more stab at getting a better dea 
Good luck to them.* 

1970s resulted in one officer be- 
ing jailed Tor one year. 

In the Banco Latino c aw, a 
criminal court judge is sued 83 
arrest warrants in early Man*. 
The list was apparently prepared 
by copying names out of the 
bank's most recent annual re- 
port. The following week, the 
judge excused herself from the 
case, but left the arrest warrants 

Four months later, only six of 
83 suspects have surrendered. 
Virtually ail the others are be- 
lieved to be abroad. 

Venezuelans, displaying little 
confidence in their banking, le- 
gal or political systems, keep 
about 550 billion in foreign 
banks. Deposits in Venezuelan 
banks total only $12.7 billion. 

Singapore Economy Surges 11% 


SIN GAPORE — Singapore's economy grew 11 
percent in the first quarter, well above government 
expectations, but a spokesman said Monday the pace 
"J* jpjdy io slow to a more sustainable 8.0 percent for 

oli CM I 7 t4. 

“The first quarter’s growth was faster than our 
expectation," a trade and industry ministry spokes- 
man sard. 

But he said the government did not thinV the econo- 
my would overheat because growth should slow to an 
inflation-adjusted 8.0 percent in gross domestic prod- 
uct for all of] 994. 

The first-quarter spurt compares with 7 j 5 percent 
growth in the 1993 first quarter and 10.7 percent 
growth in the fourth quarter of 1 993. The ministry said 
exceptionally strong performance" in the manufac- 
turing sector and continued good performance in 
financial and services sectors aided growth. 

Private economists said they expected GDP to grov 
at a real 8.0 percent this year against 9.9 percent it 

Paul Schymyck, a regional economist with Smitl 
Barney Shearson HG Asia, said economic growth thi 
year would be more balanced, with contributions from 
vanons core sectors such as manufacturing, finance* 
and business services. 7 

Last year's stock-market boom was a major contrib^ 
uior to 1993 growth. That boom was likely to disap 
pear this year, leading to a deceleration in economic 
growth, he said. L 

Mr. Schymyck said declining unit labor costs, eas 
ing pressures on business costs and higher foreig 
investment were positive factors for the economy. 

The minis try said the unit business cost index of th 
manufacturing sector fell by 12 percent in the fin 
quarter against the like 1993 period amid a 2.7 percer 
fall in labor costs. 

Quite simply the Royal Oak, 






The master watchmaker. 

F*<r inIxmLiii'in .irul ljuiIi^uo. plea-c wriie i«»: 
Audi-mir. Pijjuer it Ul- S A.. 1 A^K Le Up.iwcuj., Switzerland. 
Td hI 2J via <‘>51 Fjx it 21 K45 42 1-* 

nth it? 













% Street, 
8 . 

a 3% 


^2. *8-8 £¥8 5Sa?’ 

• •• .• ■ r 

■ - ‘ : rf ’-~ I 


l- .-' ?v*1* 

Page 10 



Vo AiwtuM P"r' 

: GTE-EDS Talks 
~ Lift Phone Shares 

The Domm 

DaPy closings of the 
Dow Jones industrial average 


Compiled hr Our Staff Fnm Dispatches 

NEW YORK — U.S. slocks 
' were mixed Monday, but telephone 
Ion stocks rallied after Sprint Corp. 
woisaid it was talking to Electronic 
tod Data Systems Corp. about a possi- 
ble ble merger. 

pus Telecommimication stocks got a 
the boost from the announcement. 

7 which showed that telecom compa- 
baa nies “are going to be central players 
thre.i ■ ■ 

the U.S. Stocks 

mod “ 

reguia how information develops and 
ing chow information is processed." 
hun|said Kurt Brunner, an analyst at 
daticPNC Bank in Philadelphia, 
mud The Standard & Poor's Telecom- 
begjrLong Distance Index gained 7.46. 
more closing at 337.1 1. 

Th Meanwhile, bonds rose for a third 
in fojday amid expectations that after 
that (more than three months, the mar- 
io prket’s rout may have run its course, 
f ormcThe benchmark 30- year bond closed 
56.4 b at 27/32. up 15/32. Tire yield 
anns .dipped to 7.44 percent, down from 
and c«M9 percent last Friday. 

12,0 q, “I fed more comfortable (owning 

for ag! bonds) than I did a couple works 

which *60" ^ Curt Hollingsworth, who 
jug ^manages S3 billion in government 
^j^bond funds at Boston-based Fideli- 
p^ty Investments. “We stopped going 
f 5 2 ^ jenvn for a couple weeks, so that’s 
creasc somewhat reassuring.” 



by uictl ^ 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age: which fell as much as 1 1.82 
early in the day. dreed at 3671.50, 
up by the same 1 1.82 points. Vol- 
ume on the New York Stock Ex- 
change was about 234 million 
shares, down 18 million from Fri- 
day's close, and declining slocks 
edged out gainers by an I l-to-9 ra- 

The Big Boards most-active is- 
sue was Wal-Mart, which fell 1ft to 
22’/». It announced an 1 1 percent 
rise in quarterly earnings, at the 
low end of analysts' estimates. 

O’Sullivan Industries Holdings, 
followed, down 6 % to 10 after a 
poor earnings forecast from the un- 
assembled -furniture company. 

Great Lakes Chemical, down 5ft 
io 49’*. was third. The company 
said it especied 1994 resulis to be 
below analysis' estimates. 

AT&T rose 1ft to close at 54. 
while Sprint Corp. gained I to close 
at 37ft and Electronic Data Sys- 
tems Corp., which trades os the 
class E shares of its parent General 
Motors Corp- rose lft to at 34ft. 

Meanwhile, the Nasdaq Com- 
posite fell 5.01 to close at 7 1 1.91. as 
networking stocks continued to fall 
on Cisco System's warning last Fri- 
day that orders were slowing. Cisco 
lost ft on Monday to 22ft after 
falling 5ft on Friday. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


j Bow Jones Averages 

j Own Hish L9« t- a:l ^ n °- 

ndui 36J2X8 3e"4.lfl 3«’ 

I Tffin-, I5SJ/3 lii* Is 'ft? 

' Uf.l n»X5 >?»•■>» ? :a v — Id 

Cvr(s IToJil I3W.I3 ■ ■* e * 70 — 1 * 

i Sten-darti & Peer's Sndeaes 

Hi oh Lev. Close Cft*9e 

InairelrrOlS S2'3 



5P 4'3^T 411.54 -*1103 T 0.47 


! WYSE Sadsses 






Htap Low LOS’ Chg. 
Mi.C 7A '.i~ ?45.’i -COT 
jjjJ? SO OS 5C3.JS -O.K 
31171 :3S li —us 
ri.v esflAJ — cm 

2U.d7 *-\»J TO-J- 1 -9.*S 



Bid Aik 
ALUMINUM IHiBh Grflfl*! 
Dollors Per metric Ion 
5ool 1 »Jj» 1^5.00 

Forward 134X0) 1353.00 

Dplton per metric Ion „ 
SMI 218000 210200 

Font ord 2lrt/o 217400 


□altars per metric Ion 
t,OOt *£6/0 48733 

Forward SW/O SflSJH) 


Dollars per metric ton 
5sat 6270.00 4720X0 

Forward 43SOJ* *3 <*00 

TIN . 

Dollars per metric Ion _ 
Sect 5S30.M 5585.00 

Forward SiSO XX) 5*55.00 

ZINC (Spedal High Grotfel 
Dollars per melriclon 
Spo! 980 CO 981.00 

Forward lOOJOC 1HM-0Q 

Sid Ask 

13H.03 JKiW 
IJ5250 IJ515) 

: : 1 90.00 
217850 21»0 JO 

»1JH *8X31 
490/0 WOO 

*28440 *795X0 
636840 637040 

5500-00 J510JW 
55*000 5S7a.B0 

956/0 957 JO 
77840 779.00 

High law Last Settle Ch'M 
'■ Nov 159.75 159 75 15P.7J “!« 

! SS? “S IS3 SjS 

I^v St nr 

| est. udiume. SZtfi . Oom int. H732t 

Jun IWfl 1930 143* 1434 — oa 

jff 1A3 1AJB5 JA.M IA36-4W 

1 ADO 1*47 li?4 15.95 15.* — 

I Sep 18.00 1549 lijg 

I Oct 15.73 ’543 15.93 1545 — D-l| 

NAV lj!w 15£ |5» Jlg-g-Jl 

Dec 1S.9Q 1SJB 15JB — “■'£ 

Jen N.T. N.T. N.T. — O-’J 

Fed NT. N.T. N.T. 153* —218 

i Borden Sells ServicOJclQ 

: NEW YORK I'Krjghr-Riddcri 
acquired Borden Forfaffnce Group. 
the Borden unit ^ become a part of TOz 
' tiased in Cincirmau. which produces and ^ketsri^l 

i Pr r^ L acquisiuon includes wo Borden 
• burs- Pennsvlvania. and one in Oatswonw^alii^ 

I distribute nearly the entire Borden 
angle-serving sauces, salad dressings and c ^»dnm| 

Derivatives Hit Atlantic Ri^ 

J _ . r> • _U ■- 

2 «3g3q 

N D J F M A M 
■1993 1954 

NYSE Most Actives 

MASa&ffi Ir.rie^es 




2J -v 




8 J i 


S3 1 * 


49' « 








14 W 







51 Vi 


24 W 

34 ’5 










4Q' + 









Hl-J.1 LOW Uil O10. 

'IVTUKKlIU :i6 56 'll. Jo 71136 — }J6 

industrial! T>.lo TJ- - '3 7JJ.13 —6.17 

Barts ’03 in TM 700.5* —I V 

Insurance BS’K 333 J7 — 3.76 

Rname IO". 61 904jr —I 33 

Tronsn '06 7° ’03 ii 705 Ui — T.|l 

AEflEJI SSocSt Bndex 

Hi ah Law Las) Chq. 
2J3.25 *31 68 —a 07 

Dew Jonas Send Averages 


Wlgn low Close Change 
UdOMO - ms ot 100 pet 

jgn 7* 22 74JW 74,68 —201 

94 72 



— 101 




— 0X4 




+ 0X1 




+ 101 




+ 0JB 




+ 0.03 




+ 0X2 




+ 10J 




— 0X1 













NASDAQ Most Actives 

Foreign-Exchange Bets 
Keyed to Move by Fed 


Intrt S 

wonfli s 





Mies ft 
CnMutr : 


130NO* W.i 
37682 58'^ 
35070 32 
26389 7 V. 
Z3231 14 
189*3 31V. 
1BD4 22 Vk 
176*0 SSH 
17638 NH 
15707 23 
13*17 23 
13371 14V. 
13280 IB'/. 
130*9 4J 
127*5 34% 

Low Last 
•a 22 U. 
5»'. S71* 

27V. 27V. 

5V. 5'k 

13', » 13', « 

304 3CH. 

22*k 23*. 

4fVi 51 Vfc 

12 {’« 124. 

17V. 17*. 

40 «Vk 
30*S 30V. 

TO 3000! 

10 UlUities 
■0 Industrials 

NYSE Diary 

Tola) issues 
New titans 

AMEX Diary 

Total issues 
New Highs 
Men Lows 

Close Ctrge 

7670 -^C-35 

7A20 *-0.72 

P7J* - O.K 

783 1033 

11B9 1091 

646 668 

2818 2791 

21 17 

T 20 111 

261 266 

352 305 

194 227 

807 800 

1 ? 7 

Est volume: *U*Q. Open Ini.: 502.281. 


SI million -Pts crtlM pci 

Jun 9&0J 95-00 75JU + 047 

S.p 74J1 94-31 9<J5 +0.17; 

Dec 7345 73.77 9184 + 047 

MOT 9349 9158 9163 + 0 10 

jnn N.T. N.T. 7557 +O.I2 1 

Sep N.T. N.T. 73 JO +D.11 . 

Est. volume: 21 a Open inf.: KX03B. 1 

DMt minion - pts of 180 pet 
Jun 9S.1D 95.0? 95 X* +041 

Sea 75J4 75 J3 «JM +001 

Dec 7528 9534 7S45 + 042 

Mar 95.17 99.15 9517 +0JW 

Jan 74.75 9451 W.73 + 045 

Sea 96*8 9*45 74*7 + 111', 1 

Dec 74/7 94/2 94 45 + 0.06 1 

Mar 74 J1 74 J5, W29 + 0.07 I 

Jun 74-17 9408 94.1* +311 

Sep 9196 9173 93J7 +0.11 

9188 7303 9348 +005 
93M 9162 916S +007 

AMEX Most Actives 

In Pi Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

Hungar 1ST1PW VOR K — Th- rlnllnr mi 

Traders said that most positions 

i WSW»nf j M»*W9V.- |*w*uvuvu UOJIUH lllUfVIULUU Vi Uiv illUIAtl. 

4; » y 01 themselves anxiously for widely ex- “The currency market was para- 

&» jj pTf^pected rate increases by the Federal lyzed today” said Victor Poke. 
u> ® oar ^- head of foreign-exchange market- 

}|™y a 03 Traders said the Fed was expect- ing at Commerzbank, 
r — 10 raise its discount rate. Stome observers said they thought 
if: ^^T -^rged on loans to commercial the Fed would decide on a half- 
•p 1 d ? g o ' — point jump to lake the suspense out 

ft ‘ Foreign Exchange of the market, while others said mild 

innation data issued last week had 
Rj5 L^p-J^anks. and to push up the federal made a more modest rise of one- 
& . 1 < ?“ 1Ci runds rale, which is what banks quarter point iikdy. 

Amy Smith, foreign -exchange an- 
alyst ai IDEA, said the dollar had 














3U h 



4504 44W 


441l/ a 













3*27 334k 







2905 27W 






US Ale 








Market Safes 



NYSE 234*7 

Amex 12.98 

Namaa 2lix9 

in millions. 

Total iSTU+i 
New Highs 
Mew lows 

1277 1425 

1776 1565 

1956 201« 

»11 5009 

-ta 54 

134 1H 

Spot Commodities 

Com modify Tod or 

Aluminum, lb 0*01 

CoHee. Brco- lb n a 

Cosper electrolvllc. ID im 

Iran FOB. Ian 213.00 

Lead, lb 0J4 

Silver, irov at <3*4 

Steel (ocroal.ion 137J3 

Tin. lb 37324 

Zinc, lb 0/53* 

Sep 9196 93.73 9197 +0.11 1 

Dec 9XB0 *3.78 7U7 +0.17 

Mar 93/5 9163 93/7 +112 

Esl. volume: E2J7S. Ooen u«.: 14727/08. 

FF5 million - pH of IN pel 
Jim 9457 74/7 94/8 + 0.01 I 

Sep 74/7 94/6 94/8 Unch. 

Dec ?4B2 74 J9 74/7 +0/1 , 

Mar 74.72 744* 94.72 +0.07 

Jun 74.45 7442 *445 + 0 lO3 i 

Sep 94.15 94/9 94.15 +fl.«fi 

Dec nn 93/3 93/8 +0JB 

Mar 9XM 9162 9X60 +007 

Est. volume: 28/44. Oaan hn.: 210J2*. 
CS0JNM - pH & 22nds Of 100 PCt 
Jon 105-12 104-28 105-01 —M3 

Sep 104-06 103-28 103-28 — (HM 

Esl. volume: 44/60. Open I nL: 125X23. 
DM 25AOOO -MitflN pcJ 
Jon 75.74 9SL47 95/3 - 0/6 

SeP 95.40 94.98 95JS +0/7 

Esl. volume: 13Ll58-Onen Ini.: 20UI5. 
Jun 120.90 120/6 120.7a +0 St 

Sep 119/8 119.44 119/0 +058 

Dec 118/2 118/2 UB/6 +0/8 

Est. volume: 118/53. Onen int.; 141.248. 

industrials J 

High Low Lost Settle urge I 

U/. doUnrs per metric lon/ofs of IN tons 
Jon 152/0 150.25 15075 151.00 —1.75 

Jul 15X25 152/0 15100 I52J» — 1.75 

Aug 153.75 15X75 15X75 15X75 —1/3 

Sep 155/0 155 59 155/0 15X50 —1/5 

Oct 15X00 158.00 158/0 158JJ0 — 1/0 

Est. volume: <2X07 . OMn Int. 57,085 

1 — 

Stock Indexes 

Hlgti Low Close Change 
: CS per mem Bwm 

Jon 3141/ 31040 3J0M -JM 

Sep 31/40 3137-0 3122/ —12/ 

Dec 31580 315W *l*y> — 

Est- volume: U/li. Open mt.: 55x92. 

ST^WSUb sss -« 
S 3SSS 3£5 W =JS 

Seg N.T. N.T. 1VHS. i — sm 

UC 2218/0 221X51 221450 -500 

Mar N.T. N.T. 2242/0 —S/0 

Est. volume : 16.145. Open ML: 77X50. 

Sources: Mailt. Associated Press, 
Lonttan inri Fir-andoi Futures Exchange, 
Inn Petroleum Exchange. 


Company Per Amt Pay Rec 


Pmaentl Grwtfi B *8 5-18 5-26 

Lmron Group l for 6 reverse sniir. 

Am Blltrlte 2 tor 1 solIL 
BarryRG * for 3 spilt. 


Am BITIrtte g -075 M7 7-71 

AmerinilGro O .715 9-2 9-16 

FMOiIcogo Corp O -50 6-3 W 

MldCoost Bancorp - ■?“ « 

Naanev Rltv G -72 6-76 600 

emplovees savings in ^pry «* 7 *“f* 
as Svativcs. the company said Monday. • 
TTie loss came in a com pany- man aged nknev_ 
rourindv used imeresi rate derivatives to mcrase 
financial loss was taken in the Money Market Plus 
percent of its value in one month- _ \ 

The company said it planned to reimburse the emp 
and would not use derivatives in the future. 


Current Income Stir Q 33 «i 4-15 


Mercantile lncp n - 38 4-V® 7-\ ' 


Pengrpwttl Gcg 9 SR 5-Z7 6-3 


Am AdJRI Term 95 M JC 6-7 6-22 

Boston Acoustics O 30 *-17 7-22 

Cabot Corp O 36 5-Z7 6-10 

Ofv Holding O .16 jM 6-75 

Csochmen ind O /* 5-2* MS | 

.02 5-20 S-30 

.20 5-27 6-10 

35 6-1 B-15 : 

Am AdlRI Term 95 
Boston Acoustics 
Cabot Corp 
CMV Holding 
Coachmen ind 
Colt Carp 
DeKalb Genetic B 
Eccflob Inc 
Fa AuftPriminaa 
Fst Bncp Indiana 
GFC Ftna 
Harlev Davidson 
ingles Mkls 
Liberty Term 99 
MDU Resources 
MSA Realty 
Maare Coro Ltd 
Noise Com inc 
Reliance Grp 
Seat leld Coo 
Selloman Qlty 
Seilgmcm Sel Muni 
Spelling Enl 
Storage Proo 
Svms Corp 
Third Find 
Van KM MerCn Muni 
VanKm Mer InvGra 
Washington RE.1T 

S JC 5-20 5-30 
.20 5-27 6-10 
0/5 6-1 6-15 

0 -11 6-21 7-15 

M Z825 5-31 6-10 
O Z5 5-31 6-15 
O .18 6-7 7-1 

□ -Q* 5-27 6-13 

Q -06 5-24 6-7 

Q .105 5X31 6-10 
M JH2 5-24 6-7 

O J9 6-9 7-1 

Q .15 5-2* 6-16 
Q /! »] H 

Q J05 6-23 7-1 

Q JO a 6-15 7-1 

Q J30 5-23 6-7 

M -07H2 523 527 
M /7 523 5-27 
O Z2 5-21 6-A 

- Sfl 550 7-15 
. .05 7-1 6-1 

O .10 5-16 5-31 
M Ze 5-31 6-75 
M JP75 5-jt 6-15 
Q ZS 51* 530 

tFomnol; g-fwvable in Canadian foods, m- 
manttiiy; a^oorterty; s-seml+mmial 

Jr* i ni... 1 ii**9 w nuoi IV T AJ I iy,l k|UaiUX puiut UILL IJ, 

8 $ ^'^ 8 e eac ^ other for overnight Amy Smith, foreign-exchange an- 

ijmddash oans. The discount rate is current' alyst ai IDEA, saidlbe dollar had 
l , ^ 3.00 percent, while the perceived benefited from news that Japanese 

b: ! “ ** ed funds target is 3.75 percent and U.S. officials would be meeting 
»jj f 1 «noe. da “What the market is crying out on Thursday to discuss their trade 
jp 01 ®?' *-0f is for the Fed to make a move" dispute. “The dollar received a boost 
e * l r “ onRa id Graham Cocks, foreign-ex- from that as speculative funds and 
"“S ® 1 to change analyst at Bank of Boston in investment hanks who had gone 
g** p the secumdon. ‘Tbe market will see this as short the dollar against the yen cov- 
§' : y«t he Iasi for the foreseeable future, ered their positions." she said, 

io. i*mt.Thej#hai we don't want is somethine Aaainst other currencies, the 

Weather Concerns Drive Commodity Rally D“i«* ptt notation 

*- / •' Gets a Price Range 

L. /T... C..„- c ri. r. _ ■ 1 ... ..... .. C 

io. {leoLThe^hat we don't want is something 

S vhere the market immediately is 
i ootring for another quarter pomu" 

The dollar closed on Monday at 
St; | -6733 Deutsche marks, bardv 

ik? hanged from a closing rate of 

Sfl; ! Rnnnim - 67 ^ 5 DM OT Friday, ft sOpped 

m from 

puiprodo 048003 ™- 

>ra is a ji * 1 — i ■ «u«n»M 


i; gber pric® CT1cr ’ Fronn > prwr mo, io 

t |*’oteciian ciumPm. 


niabie gre Amsterdam Helsinki 

^stamtmmsr ss ss wear ^ 

i^°P°sa J laffl 4 a® gjj = 

tllizz saw OfitoNottei 217^0 215.10 Kmrnm ] 

Come f|tolVW«oaar*n ’ 

klbeOaSa .^S,2S ESSSf 

Arauaiy theffir ’H 

g|*.gm using 

if.jiiate gaso 3 rt, »k«n m9o 2 xuo — - 

3 iiate ^ Hon S K 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar dosed Monday at 1.4265 
Swiss francs, off slightly from a 
dosing level on Friday "at 1.4270 
francs, and at 5.7350 French 
francs, off from 3.7367 francs. The 
pound was quoted at S 1.5027. up 
from S 1.4990. 

t Reuters. AFX. Bloomberg) 

Compiled h- Our Suit Fmm [kspetrhtx 

NEW YORK — Concerns that weather md pests 
would harm crops sparked a raJK in commodity prices 

The gains in agricultural commodities triggered 
fears of inflation, which lifted the price of precious 
metaJs as investors bought them io hedge against 
rising consumer prices. 

Silver for July deliver.- on the Commodity F uSunge 
r.»e 16.2 cents an ounce, to S?.5° 7 . v. hile :o\ j for htr.e 
delivery advanced S2.30 an ounce, to :j5 *f.2 !l . 

“These gains in the commodities are :-ugge^ting that 
inflation should not be too far away." said Hans 
Kashyap. president of Analytics Research Corp. 


gwuuuijr luVgkMr 1696 17/6 

|:pa uanggw™-*, 

}j. dilate easo3 rtnek » n 230. w 73330 

0 .Toogoweni 7650 7620 

Jl;iate OtwtW'Douvtai 7050 7670 

SS'.. n .ilCCatand *ijo 4140 

>4. U, or mcuitai' Mueller 8/JO 87 

^.TbeEP^^^ S-jgS 

78. :m reoewaJ^Grijtwi 

K’ffhat has rtnims 
jt;- lobbyistStob^ >m 120 x 0 120 

kfimi^sxsr iSigiSS 

‘S’..' re “yort^ISi Dutch 

tSvSS®?* «««■ 

^-■vement uranomirwren 56*0 500 

h'iumsbmc^.Lg/Kiuwar m 

8-; smar 

6680 *630 Pohlolo 
M“SJ**X0 RwolG 
77X20 1*0X0 Stockmann 

ifiS 2 * 

142 142 

40.40 37.90 
222 Z2 
12/0 12/D 
122 117 

173 170 

-M2 450 

84 62 

7670 7170 
245 235 

50.40 3LJ0 
8X10 84 

80 77/0 
50.40 49/0 

54.10 5180 
7VJ0 77.10 

120.40 120 

57.10 37/0 
12000 120/D 
91.90 9150 

208 207.70 
«.I0 40X0 
1*670 1*5/0 1 




JS'MJ y beffc 
fits Yelisin ifc?™ 0 ' 1 
i;i ' d afiront^QL 

S 1 the rest OreSeibank 
x'.ecL Chad: 

Hong Kong 

33.ja 33/0 
11/0 11.10 
37.25 36 

41.75 41/0 
11/0 11X0 
13/0 13.30 
52/0 52 

*225 40 JO 
42 *3 

16*0 16/0 

23.70 2340 
2X80 22 JO 

21.70 21.70 
8 * 8 * 
1Z 12X0 
15 14/0 

11/0 10/0 
31 31 

24X0 24 

58 S7JO 
29.60 28.70 
1X30 15.20 
VI J® 1130 
21.90 21.70 
2650 2X80 
50/0 47 JS 
1*5 3X0 
5750 sa 
U/0 I0L9O 
127 127 
3035 27 JO 
11X0 11X0 
11/0 11/0 

Ji-.IS WillinR !ov Sl l B*' 0 ® 5730 5770 aE£L 

H 1 ” U4U1S ocSmBonnuf B450 64*0 

+i ^res recxis*£ ew Bemimw .smo 2*75 r!!?i! T,er 

£:.t. BuTS^v Bhjvcgr 

S viorio^S’*" jsgj™ ara, 

ij er and- ir Jmon M,nl «+ 2**s^w 

ftncct a “Sf, Htab^wsi. 

if* ,eni!or 5 Frankfurt SS8MS 


ay»r 384X038X50 

Or. Hypo bank 454 453 

avVMalrabk *•.« « 

HF^Bank 437/0 «9 

o wt m e ra b an k 365JH364/D 

2700 2*70 
5180 5100 
2500 2520 
28300 27325 
199 |99 

3910 9T« winsor Uhl ujo 11/b 

£& ^ »SS5S ??iS£ft :raR « 

1*15 1*10 
4470 4490 

7770 9870 

700B 70*0 , , . 

'“wo 10475 Johannesburg 

5730 57W ^ ECI a** 5* 

M50 MM air "^ »'0 HO 

«« “2 230 

15450 15475 52™** TO | 

15925 1*073 SSSSr A A 

10B5D HIM 46 46 

D*Bx«n 111 110 

^ DriefontMn 55 5X50 

Geocor 10.W 7j» 

Ut : 78UL71 GFSA . 104 100 

H armony 26 25 

HlgftveW Stwl 29 29 

Kloo* 4675 45 

Nadbonk Gro 34 34 

wi Rondtomein *1J5 41/0 

190 185 J30 Ruurtat 79 m/S 

ZTSB MTO SA BnW»S 103 185 

658 452 I 1 H*1eno 40 NA 

724 730 *“£ »X5 2675 

s SSSSdotp N ife"& 

•S m 

Lana Sec 

Los mo 
LreolGen Gm 4/3 
Lloyds Bank 
Marks Sp 
Noll Power 
NihWsl woler 
Peer son 
Rank Ora 
RMC Group 
Rails Rovu 
RoUimn (unit) 

Royal Seal 

5cot Hewcos 
Scot Power 

Severn Trent 

Smtlh Nenhew 

Smith Kiln* B 
Smith (WH) 

Sun Alliance 
Tnie A Lvle 

Thom EMI 11.70 II. 
15B Group 

Unilever 1020 IOC 

Uta Biscuits 

War Loan 3V: 4150 424 

williams huos 1*2 
Willis Carraofl 239 

: 3115X0 

Previous : 1)1149 

A«a>r 750 74b 
Air Liquid® 851 335 
Alcatel Alsthom *07 *eo 



Banco ire (Cle) 









Oman Is Franc 345 343 

Club Med *48 448 

E'f-Aqvlfolne 427*28.90 
Elt-Sanotl 782 1002 

Euro Dlsnev /g.-w 30 

Gen. Eau* 2685 2*4* 
Hawas 45680 452 

imeloi 577 £.94 

Luluroo Conaee <&a/0 4*7 

Lear and cMO fnisg 

Lvon.Eau< *10 *00 

Oreal (LT 12*7 1255 

UVA6N. W0 9fC 

Matro-HacheUe 132 129/0 
Michel In B 354 253.40 

MouJItwx 139/0 133 

Paribas 4DU30 *01.« 

Peailnev mil 175X0 173 

Pemod-Ricara 40390 377 

Peugeot 085 804 

PrintoiTiDl (Aul 1069 10*5 
Rodioteehnfque 545 544 

Rb- Poulenc A 15230 151/0 

Amro' *.45 7/s 

ANZ 4JU j*’-3 

. — EHP ISJ4 1738 

IM2 1351 Boral 35j i>2 

,”* 5M Bcuo-lrtvlll- i).of c.»0 

1373 1340 Coles Mvcr 447 *j* 

245.10 263 Comtnco 5JD 5.40 

SST ,7W 

“i “J C5R „ 5.12 4.74 

T092 20W8 Fosters Brew 1J0 in ! 

2452*640 Goodman Field 1X4 1X7 1 
115 113 ICI Australia IDJfl 1&3) 

1*75 1*85 Magellan 2 2 ' 

W5 343 MIM 3/1 iZI 

4« 448 Nal Ausi Bank no* 11.72 

427 *28.70 News Cars 7.19 j.jj 

782 1002 NlneNetworl 6BP J30 

30X0 30 N Broken Hill 3/fl 3/1 

2685 2*** Poe Dun loo 4.x, 44Q 

*5+80 452 Pioneer Inn Z7S z/5 

397 S9* llmntfy Po:eiOen 22o 2X>2 

*00-80 *«7 QCT Resources 1.40 U5 

*460 *483 Sa.llos 4.25 4J0 

*10 60B TNT 2J1 233 

Wes.'ern Mining 8418 7.10 

Wesioac Banking 5 02 4/5 

WowteWe 674 675 

All ordinaries hide* : 2110/0 
Previous : 207100 

Soybean and com prices were lified by fears a 
Midwest drought would cause as much crop damage 
as last year's flooding did. while coffee prices surged 
on talk of failing crops in major producing countries. 

Rainfall over much of the Midwest has been below 
normal for the past few weeks and some forecasters 
say a large high pressure air mass could settle over the 
Corn Belt next month, blocking moist air from moving 
into the region from the Gulf of Mexico. 

La:: year'., flooding left stockpiles low. The U.S. 
Dcpartme-K of Agriculture estimate* corn stocks at 
S 2 ' million bushels, down from 2. 1 1 billion at the 
same time last year. 

( Knight- Ridder. Bloomberg Reuters) 

Via AtMjerjtH F*-j 

Seccan Seauvi 

Htah Low 

Canadian Pacific 71'. 70=- 

CanTiraA 12»y 12^ 

Conor 21' > 22 

Cane 4‘« 420 

CCL Ind El 9'g 

Cinepler j^a j*] 

Ccfnlnco ZT-t 21=0 

Canwesl E«al 22>a 2W» 

Deni ion Min B 0.0* 0.0*. 

Oofmco TOt 

Dvle* A a77 Q75 

Echo Bay Mine* Ml* I*** 

Etwjlfv Silver A 0/2 0/S 

FCA Inti 3u60 3/5 

Red ind A *'*11 

Flolcher Choll a ib%v 18^ 

FPI *vs 

Gentry 0.6' 0X6 

Gun Cda Rn 4/5 645 

hevslnll [S’* I S'! 

Hemm Gid Minn it*» i;',v 

HoMinser IS JJ6. 

Horsham 18 IB 3 ^ 

Hudson's Bov 31 30^ 

Imasco 35l,k 35... 

Inca 344* 33^5 

Inlarprov aloe 30V. 30 ’J 

Jan nock lr.x IS 


AMSTERDAM — The first 
tranche of the flotation of Royal 
PTT Nederland NT. the Dutch 
postal and telecommunications 
company, will be priced from 46 io 
52 guilders {S25 to S28) per share, 
the lead manager. A BN- AMRO 
Holding NV said on Monday. The 
price will be announced on June 6 . 

The partial flotation win be the 
biggest flotation in Dutch history 
and is expected to raise well over 
6.6 billion guilders (53.5 billion). 

U.S- Industrial Producrion Er* 1 

WASHINGTON IAF) — A decline in auto production 
inri usfrifll output for April, although it still rose for ffli 
month, the government said Monday. it 

Data from the Federal Reserve Board also showed factor 
at fairly high capacity but not, analysts said, at levels hkcjif; 
inflation. , . 

Tire central hanV said industrial production rose a modest 113 
in April, while factories used 83.6 percent of their capaqjv“ 

Capacity utilization was at the highest rate since it was:».?; _ 
June 1989. The factory output gain in April would have^ceunoB 
0.1 percent higher had it not been for a 19 percent drop 
assemblies, the Fed said. 

GM Confirms It Might Spin Off 

DETROIT (AP) — General Motors Corp. confirmed Monday 
might spin off its Electronic Data Systems subsidiary. if EDS Sad 
Oirp. merge or form a strategic alliance. ‘ v 

In a separate announcement, EDS and Sprint acknc 
were talking about such a deal. EDS is the largest provider of 
services and Sprint is the No. 3 long-distance and netwpxk cddi|i^ 
EDS is a whdQy owned subsidiary of GM. For a mer] 

would have to divest its ownership. GM said that could 

by creating EDS common stock and exchanging it for sharcsof 
E* stock, which is GM common slock that pays divkicp<&ba^ 6 & 
performance. ; V s 

U.S. and Japan Returning to 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The United Stales and 
exploratory trade talks Thursday in a drive to end theuEn 
stalemate and strike a new economic deal a U.S. official said 
Both sides are scrambling to dose the trade g^j before ajulyec 
I summit. Thor public agreement to disagree m 'Febnmiy'-teg.^ 
financial markets. 

Strong Sales Lift Toys ’R’ Us Profit f 

PARAMUS, New Jersey (Bloomberg) — Toys *R’ Us Inc saidkj®. 
day its fiscal first-quarter net income rose 6 percent as suoagderoak 
sales offset weak international results. ' 

The toy retailer said net income in the quarter ended April JflrostB 
S37.6 million on worldwide sales of $1.46 billion. Sales were 14penaa 
higher than in the comparable year-ago period. . 'J,. 

Strong sales of basic toy merchandise and a successful sununer rank* 
helped the resulis. the company said. Sales of action figures aiso ven 
strong and would have improved further if not for a sbortflgeofiW- 

Ranger merchandise. - - C 


• *y * ' 

Weefcend Box Office ' 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES -“The Crow" dominated the U. S. boxoffiawMi* 
gross of $11.7 miilion over the weekend. Following are thfc^top Jfl- 
raoneymakere. based on Friday ticket safes and estimated Sriajfir^ 
Saturday and Sunday. . /A- V ' ■ 

1. -TtmCrwv" mromaxi 

2. "WHen nMnn Loveao Woman" I Touchstone Pictures! SWfflfltai. * 

l™Crooklyn" lUntversal) : 

6 -FaurwMdimanda Funorar (Granurcrl KUIbBUf 

5. "WMH Honor*" fwomer Brothers) " XUnOko 

6. Throe NlnlasKIdk Back" fTrtstarl ' KLAwMUn 

y. "Ho Escape’ {Savoy Pictures) SfjialkfeB 

& -aeon State’ (Metro-GotdwYn-MaYer) - SUmpM 

9. “Boa Girts" (Twentieth Century-Fax) ' n.e«ta ' 

10. -scrtmller* LW t Universal! • ■ . M.njMWi - 

5. -YTMti Horrors" 

6 Throe Nlnlas Kick Back" 

7. "No Eicooe" 

8. T3 Stale" 

7, “Bod Girts" 

la -ScWndler* LW 

f Warner Brothers) 
{ Savoy Pictures) 
t TwenHeth Century-Fat} 
t Universal J 

Law aow dig Op wt 







12 30 

9.4? Od 9* 




9.17 Mar 95 







11570a 9S 
10X0 Mar 94 

5ea»n Season 
Mgn Low 

Qosn Hah Law acne Oa ftiN 

-006 41/0 
+ 002 18,901 
— OlOI U4fl 
— aoi 513 

-401 39 


WHEAT (CBOT) a 007 *u minrfntTTi- iki’Lcv- arr cuVm 
17? 380 Mav 14 119 1151. 120-0.(1} 

3/6 2.7* Jul 74 3JI 'c X2ti 121 12*'.; • OM 7TJ7T 

117-', 182 Sea 74 12JVj 1U JJSW JJ? .0.B7T -- 

3X5 107 Dec 74 3J7 142 136'0 1417; ,DU 

3.57'n 3.02 Sep 74 3JJVS 13J 3JS\5 13? , 1IJ71/. 

3X5 107 Dec 74 U7 3X2 IJS'v 1417; >ODl, 7/?* 

3/4 'A 127 Mar 75 3X0 '-j 3 45 3X07) 145 -0/4 4*0 

3.45 XliViMavVi 3X0 *0/5 TO 

lOL 111 Jul 95 3J I 123 121 123 *C/3% 125 

Esl- sales 16ffiffl Fri's sales fl/BO 
Frflsouenial Cxil uo 1B4 
WHEAT (Wm S.04O n rri.nlmum- dopv. ptr UusnH 
179'(i 2.98 May 74 128 , 8/5 27 

155 2.97 Jul 74 3/4 327 123+i 128 -0/57. I3J80 

3X57, 102 7, Sea 74 3JJ 3J0V, 125 130' i -0/6 3^3 

3.40 112V, tec 74 LEW 3J6 3J2'7 3J4W *0/5V, 6SJ4 

153', 125 MOT75 3J7’j -MS 1 / 430 

334 3/n VjMoy !5 134- j? 

Rod. 51. Louis 
Redout? (La) 

SOlill GoOoJn 

Sie General* 

1719 171Q 

945 947 

715 708 

553 555 

*44 *46 

325 330 JO 

TlwweeivCSF 119/0 i+5/o 
Total 340 3S7 

U AP. 1J4.90 155.70 

VOfeo 1304 1340 


Sao Paulo 


§BV 3300 32*0 

Beg Central Hlso. 3070 3020 
Banco Santander uoo 

1jW5 16075 [7,-11— 

10850 11100 

ex : 781671 SEST 

I l on rno ny " 
HlghveW Steel 


,+ Nedbank Grp 

At Randlontein 

190 185 JO Ruurial 
2738 2*97 SA Brews 








jJE. Geoerai hide 
Prevtcin : 528.48 

1145 USD 
3230 3020 
2*00 2370 
6750 *650' 
175 TO 
992 TB9 
4*n 4430 
37B0 3850 
1045 1820 

Banco do Brasil 2 
Banespa UOi 

Braaesoo 17.71 

BrWtma 331 

Paranaeanema 25 

Pejrotorae 111 

Trlebras 4iH 

Vole RIO Doc* IK 
Varta lit 

25 24.13 
1101 1232 
17.70 17.« 
340 340 

22 22 
111 110 
45/0 4*10 
113 111 

1*0 160 




S 2 J 


*52 Si Helena 

930 SasoJ 

326.35 £««““« 

Western Deep 


Cerebos B/5 8X0 

City Dev. 7*0 7xn 

DBS 1140 1130 

Fn»er Neeve 1B.I0 18 

Genibw IL70 laxo 

GoMenHonePI 236 Ui 
Haw Par 1*0 J JO 

Hunje industries sxo 5.*o 

L'! 2 S Be . ira 
■ SW ff 1 . *1-20 11 JD 

'KLKeaorv 2JQ 2J4 

Lina Chano ! A] |ja 

Malayan Bankg uo a.90 






Shne OortiT 

5"pare Land 
SUore Press 
5tao Sloamailp 

IU0 >1X0 
7.15 7.15 
&20 EL05 
13 1110 
SX0 5.10 
3.98 4 

7JU 7XS 
7.10 7.10 
14X0 14JD 
ITS 1 » 

t^ocumm 154 is* 

Stan* Trodlrn 176 140 

HP two ioxo 

UOL lot 207 

Lobiaw Co 

Mao no inti A 
Maple Leaf 
Mam Res 
Moisan a 
N oma ind A 
NoronOa Inc 
Noranda Fares! 
Moreen Energy 

18 iPn 
3i yp* 
35<>b 35'. 
344* XPh 
30 V. 30 'J 
17"t IS 
Ifl'*! 21 
?3tu 23 Vr 
7 ly 71. 
M’/v 57^-0 
17^ 12 ’* 
24 1 -. 2*Vj 
9 86 . 

T3'1 ZP* 

56* 5»s 

2*»* 25V: 
13L. 13<a 
15'y 15 Vt 

1/3’* 3JO MOT75 3J9’ j .0LO5’X *30 

334 32lhMoy!5 I34 .5 .flilS'/, 17 

■Ut'i 322“: Jul 75 328’y -0JH',, 2 

Ea sales HA. Frl'tsates 2J9* 

Fri's open oil 21.750 uH 57 

CORN (CBOT1 soevimnmar-aAnnrtiiAlu 

»!«> ZJ|'»Mny*4 JX2Vy ZXjv, JX2W 24*7, *006'., 2.2J0 

3I6V5 2X1 Jul 74 2X2<+ 2X8'4 ZJJ\, 2 a?'« . IM.M7 

192-4 2X0W5ep74 155S; 241V 155V, 2X01* +flj5 US72 

17M» 234V, tec 94 2-50 2/4V. 2*96, 2/4-.1 .O.BT-5 79 510 

2-TVVj 248 Lr Mar 75 2X7 241* 2/7 26 P* -aam 

IK 153 Mav 75 2X2 2X5 242 5x5 -aOt,'-, w 

2B3W 2^1 Jul 75 2XJVr 2X4W 143 246 ♦0.06’* 2J22 

158 Vr 2X3 tec 75 2X7'iii 2J0 2X7^ U0 -003 VI M74 

“ — — . rn 

Fn'sQoenc n 1 1 8-5*7 uo IW 
COCOA (NC5E3 IPmanckins- Ipvlar 
1345 977 Jul 74 1257 12® 

1377 1 028 Sen 74 1282 1325 

1387 I MI Dec 74 131* 1354 

>382 1077 Mo- 75 7355 1385 

l«*i T07B Mav 75 1390 1370 

1420 1225 Jul 95 1405 1405 

1353 1245500 75 

«5 12M) Dec 75 

1«B !350M«r9* 

ES sate 10,137 Frt'vsrtes u.m 

Fil s open nt 86057 IB 18Z7 
13500 8700 May 74 TUB 91J5 

13500 72X0 Jul 74 92JD 7675 

13H2 75.00 «p 74 95/0 9730 

7625 Nov 74 77 JO PS.J5 

I?- 0 ? S-i 9 J P ,,s 58 - W ,0lun 

!«-S W.7SMar75 101X0 101 JO 

j 425 102.50 May 75 10U5 10050 1 

117 DO 105 00 Jul 75 

111/0 1115050075 

Est sate 1X58 Fr+s. soles 

Frl stroenW 21x73 up 437 


Ninem Telecom 42** 411s 

Nova Coro J1 I0‘t 

Osliawa 204, 20 

Pagurln A 3V, 3x0 

Placer Dome im 29 

Paco Petroleum W+s io-* 

PWA Carp 0J3 0J4 

Rayrock 17 is 1 .. 

Renaissance 301* 304 

Regers B 1»>. ie-^ 

Pnnimani 82 82 

Royal Bank Can 27 26*» 

Sc noire Res ljv. ijv, 

Scott's Hasp 7*8 7V 

Seagram 39W, jgi, 

Sears Con 74r 7=* 

Shell Can 42V* 42 

Snerrnt Gordon nva 11 

SHL Syslemhae n* n, 

SauttKsm 1BW 18+. 

Soar Aerasaoce ir„ 37v> 

S telco A 84: 

Talbmon Energ 3118 3188 

Teck B 

Thomson Corp, 
Toronto Doran 
Tarafar B 
Transolta uill 
TransCda Pipe 
Trllon FI nl A 

Tibet ft 

Unicore Energy 

23J5 23^8 
16*8 1? 

2 *»b »'• 

14 ft I4V2 


4X0 4/5 
144* IS 

0/fl 0/5 
ita it* 


Adla (nil B Ml 251 

Alwsuisse B new *70 tel 
BBC Brum Bov B 12*3 1278 
Clba Getav B 915 9ig 
CS H aminos B us m 
E KW raw e 364 368 

Fischer B 15*5 15*5 

Inter discount B 21*0 2150 

JelmoU 0 B?o b» 

Landis Gvr R 723 vis 
Moeventrtck B *15 4111 
Nesne R ills 1105 

Oerilk. Buehne P rsi 153 
Pargosa Hid B 1*re itwj 
Rocn* HtJo PC *535 *3*0 
5afra Republic 132 i» 
Sandaz B NA. 34*0 

Schindler B 8725 BTUO 
Sober PC 970 wj 

Surveillance 8 21 15 2100 

Swiss Bn* Core B 410 400 

Ssate Rtrinaur R 
Swissair R 
WbWerfhvr 8 
Zurlcn Ass B 

Rserw 1 

610 *|» 
762 748 
IUS 11)4 
730 710 

USD 1325 

Trellebara 0F 

iOYBEANS (CBOn UP)Bimiinwin-MmKT(v 
7/1 172 -5 Moy 74 675 6*5 ^ 475 654 

7/D 1941* All 74 669 AX? 669 6789] 

736 428 AUOM 6X5 6751.- 664 4721; 

*X7I* 417 Sep74 4C 6521, *42 * 470, 

7 /7V; 155V: Nov 74 623 6i5^j 6Z3 63 H. 

678 413 Jan 75 *31 15 *41 *J| 63714 

672h 618 MOT75 634V, 64* 636-, 643', 

670 671 MOV 95 6387, 64*11 638-., 645 

475 42* Jul 95 64141 447 641’, *4*> , 

650V, ifll*jr*py7S 411 4IS 406’., 6.13-4 
EM. sate sum Frl 's sate 32JB8 
Fit's Open ini 142/85 0» M0 
SOYBEAN MEAL ICBOT1 100 *n>- Mr. per to, 

232381 184X0 Mav M 18480 189.10 IMXO 187.90 

moo 18630 Jul 74 187.00 IB7.70 187.00 188 40 

77X00 IS5X0AUB74 186 JO 1 88. -JO I86J0 187 JM 

21600 MD.10SW1** 1MJ» 136 *0 iMOO IBS Jo 

70600 JB0JBCWM I80JO IB3J0 180 70 I82J0 

207.00 17880 Doc 74 177.70 183/0 177 70 181.10 

700-00 1 7880 Jot 75 I KUO 167/0 18420 181 JO 

194.00 IB). 00 Maris m/D I84J0 18X00 I8JJ0 

193-50 181.«Mcrv7s 10650 IB4X0 182X0 18X00 

18020 182/9 jul VS 1 853X1 185.00 18180 18600 

Ed. sate rum Fir^sate 
Ffi*SBP*nlnf 05X78 up 7*5 
SOYBEAN OIL (CBOT) 46000 bm- askar* » in te 
38X5 21 JO May 74 ».I0 nj 5 268® 77*5 ,0X0 2X17 

27 JO 21/5 Jul W 70.75 27XO 7EK 71 V .flw T7?i, 

29 JO 21X5 Aug 76 28X8 27.60 58J5 27^ lax* HHO 

3 8X0 IJXOSeoM 2420 18.75 7407 28X5 .872 lOJOO 

27X0 72.1000*1 27J2 7805 Z7.I5 27M -478 7JM 

27.05 2400 tec 74 2* 47 27x0 »XI 27 17 *676 iaS 

2685 22X5 JOT 95 2670 17.011 To. 20 2692 -ftc 

26*5 24.70 Mor *5 26 BS 76W 247# 7672 Jo*3 IjK 

26*0 24X2 May 9i »J5 J4SS 25X5 2652 ,SS 4« 

2640 74XSJU1 75 263D 2635 2630 2*3 .OX 

EEL sate 25JB0 Frt-LMkIS 1X177 
FrTs open Ira 93.738 on 184 


CATTLE (CMSRI eMti-aainr* 

7427 *6*2 Jun 04 87X0 *720 *7Xa *737 

73X7 H DSXug 74 6675 «7J0 46*2 62.07 

74M 88XSOH7* Off) 67.90 0745 *7.73 

7630 70.15 tec W 70X0 71.10 7455 7107 

7435 1480 Feb 75 72X0 72.00 71x2 71.72 

741# TUT Apr 95 73X0 7125 72X7 7115 

7L9 «9JQJun» 70X0 7440 70X0 7441 

Ea.sota UXT7 Frt'LlOte *4214 
F ri’itei W 72X** up *70 
FEEDER CATTLE IQWER) 30X00 to.- (m er, 

84X0 7S1JMOV74 7670 7475 TUn 7SX5 

83X0 7*J5Auo74 77X0 77X5 7657 7685 

81 JO 765) Sep 7* 77X? 77X5 76.70 77X7 

81J5 76500074 77X5 7JX5 7675 77.15 

340) 77J0NOV94 78.14 7415 7742 77, 71 

8490 7*/7Jwi« 77X5 77XS 77.17 77.12 

B425 3470 More* /6JJ 

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Page 11 : 

F r • : c-~, . 

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^ ^f‘ a ’ t)e Beers Not a Diamond’s Best Friend 

_ A/—., i. . e p ossehl CtfW'In#! 1* ■- 


m K3be.i 

R v n " ^ -L U 

By Suzanne Possehl 

ST- PETERSBURG*^??, thhtiJaraM* 1 *f*? mon< * P rCH ^ UCe r by Wright and the 

^rwsi rpor yean ago to sell 9S^2JS5 ^ el Union *ai Ru«ia sSTs'iTkt? vai H c ‘ Mr - said 

[fflcuj diamonds through th* ; P ? rCen . of ,IS Sported De Bern fewl l 2 blUl0 , n 0 dumon ds last vear to 

S' 1 ™ wfSSETiwL 10 ^ rccor<1 emins! of 

kw* of SI an immediate ishecfdjL^Mri pr0 H UO ki 5640 miJIion worth of P° N 

ta oat 01 te 

aarfsr , !ass3»a '.aaiaia,^,^ 

SKaSsSpsafifta gs^rsras;: 

gmm, Israel and InS?^* m lhc Uluted Stales Bel 15 t* 6 ™ Sakha s f uyia] de P° Slts «whl dry up in 

yLu J 1 l? to **? y? 8 ^ work has begun on another large 

BmTSSL’SS ;."“ y 1 “ strike a beta <fe,l n_ ?“°” d MhuvUk in the Far North to 

m£ .. 

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■ eputy ckEi'D? ta rSII! d Th r?I?^LilS Cailral &Uins 0r & mizalion “ Lon- 
* « PiSoSmmis „ d R S? So?' **? “ nlrols , mote l!™ 80 percent or the 
possibility to a cninnv hrZi^ S ' *7^ s ^oSb-diamond trade, with 50 percent by 
y a colony breaking valuecommg from the company’s own mine in South 

t»ship with De Been; ;«<a.a-w.K ^ naL Russ ' as diamonds account for the second- 
in asasourcToS™^^ r®* 1 com P oncM ° f ^ «™te » P™n> by value, 
■etting as much aswSlff ’ Consequently, the world diamond market could Lrem- 
S muctl « w should for ble if Russia were to break away rrom De Beers. 

era hie influx,. „ .u *?Y e ^ve on S oin g diamssiohs with the Russians 

e influence as the world s and have pointed out to them the possibility of dis- 

ansa Cuts Cost and Loss 
, In Preparation for Rights Issue 

rupling the stability of the diamond market," said 
Roger van Eeghen, a spokesman for De Beers in 

Ray A. Clark, the general director of the De Beers 
office in Moscow, said De Beers had been buving 
rough diamonds from Russia since 1959 under various 
contractual arrangements. From 1963 y> 1990. the old 
Soviet Union refused to deal opealv with De Beers, a 
South African company, because of apartheid in 
Smith Africa. 

Bui on July 25. 1990, the failing Soviet Union, 
desperate for hard currencv, signed a contract grant* 
ing De Beers exclusive rights to export its uncut 
diamonds for five years. Mr. Gark said both sides 
would be sitting down to renegotiate the agreement, 
which expires at the end of 1995. Mr. Guryevich said 
the negotiations could bej»m as early as this month. 

Russian diamond officials say that Russia could 
earn more by funneling the diamonds through its 
domestic polishing industry rather than through" using 
De Beers. 

"Everybody knows polished diamonds bring in 
more than uncut ones,” said Yevgeny M. Bychkov, the 
chairman of the Committee on Precious Metals and 
Gems. “Why should we be giving away our profits?” 

Mr. Guryevich contended that De Beers was using 

“brilliant pricing mechanisms'’ to stifle the Russian 
diamond-polishing industry. “De Beers is doing every- 
thing so that domestic polishing industries do not 
develop in countries that mine diamonds.” be said, but 
gave no examples of De Beers’s actions. 

Mr. Clark disagreed. “There has never been any 
intention on the pan of Dc Beers to discou rage a 
home-grown diamond polishing industry.” he said 
Mr. Clark added that the industry depended on small, 
well-established family businesses with direct access 
to the diamond market — conditions that do not exist 
in Russia or in the ocher countries with which De 
Beers has export agreements. 

At least eight nations, including. Russia. Botswana, 
Australia and Angola, have signed agreements to 
export diamonds through De Beers, Mr. Gaik said. 

“None of these, except us. has a domestic industry," 
Mr. Guryevich said. “If they began polishing their 
own diamonds, there would be no need for De Beers." 

As middleman between the diamond-prod u dn g 
countries and the diamond cutters, De Beers charges 
Russia and the other members of the cartel a 10 
percent commission. 

The contract with De Beers excludes the uncut 
diamonds that Russia sells to its own polishing 

DAX ■ 

London Pairs 

FTS6 too Index CAC40 

2500;— dr- 

.. WB; • 1994 ’ • 1B8S 

.Hxeftartjjie- index - V 


,( n -i-Votit 

Bloomberg Business News 

a — Lufthansa 

“J e struggling German airline, 
saw Monday it cut pretax losses by 
two thirds in the first quarter and 
expected a profit for 1994. 

The airline reported a first-quar- 
ter loss of 82 million Deutsche 
maixs ($49 million) before taxes, a 
thud of the 245 million DM loss it 
posted in the first three months of 

JQrgen Weber, (he chief execu- 
tive of Lufthansa, said be was opti- 
mistic about the airline’s prospects 
for the year bat he refused to offer 
specific predictions. 

“We’ve made afl the prepara- 
tions for take-off," Mr. Weber said. 

Now we have less take-off weight 
and greater range,’’ he added in a 
reference to the company’s reduced 
cost structure and prospects for 
raising fresh capitaL 
Lufthansa’s management board 

Competition ads into Singapore 
Airfines profit Page 13. 

will ask shareholders to authorize 
the creation of a nominal 515 mil- 
lion DM in new share capital at the 
annual meeting. With a nominal 
value of 50 DM per share, that 
means 105 million new shares. 
Lufthansa also wants to issue a 
further 50 million DM in shares to 

The govemroen t has said it wont- 
ed to reduce its 51 percent stake in 
Lufthansa by not participating in 
the offering. 

KJans Schjede, the company’s 
chief financial officer, said Lufth- 
ansa would price a first tranche of 
6.1 miUiofl snares at 160 DM each in 
a ono-for-five rights issue to existing 
shareholders. That would raise 
about 967 million DM. A second 
rights issue of 4B6 million shares in 
a ratio of one-for-nine would follow 
in 1995, Mr. SchJede said. He said be 
hoped the company would reinstate 
a dividend this year. 

Investors did not offer a warm 
reception to the earnings news 
Monday. Lufthansa shares fell to 
201.50 DM from 206.00 DM. 

Channel Tunnel 
To Take Trucks 
As Service Starts 

Air LSberte Joins Airport-Access Squabble 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

PARIS — Air Uberto said Monday it planned to 
complain to the European Commission abont prob- 
lems in obtaining access to London’s Heathrow air- 
port, adding another voice to the squabble between 
France and Britain over landing rights. 

The French airline said it planneato open four daily 
flights between Orly and Heathrow starting on June 
30 but that It had not yet obtained flight slots enabling 
it to establish a coherent timetable. 

The oommisaon has instructed Fiance to make Orly 
airport accessible to British Airways and its French 
subsidiary, TAT. The move has caused Air France and 
other French airlines to complain about their access to 


Monday’s Closing 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 

the closing on Wail Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. 14a The Associated Press 

The dispute has evolved into a French political 
issue, with airline unions threatening Prime Minister 
Edouard Balladur with strikes. 

Meanwhile, the leader of the French government 
coalition’s campaign for elections to the European 
Parliament criticize British Airways for forcing open 
the Orly route in the name of Eunroan principles 
while it consistently refused to buy European-built 
planes from Airbus Industrie. 

"British Airways has never shown the slightest Eu- 
ropean solidarity in purchasing its planes, which is 
pretty stupefying,” said Dominique Baudis. “They are 
iH-placed to make demands in the name of a European 
ideal which they have never taken into account.” 

(AFP, Reuters) 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — Limited freight 
service through the Channel 
Tunnel is to begin Thursday, 
the Eurotunnel consortium said 
Monday, but the project’s fi- 
nances remain weak. 

The Anglo-French consor- 
tium said it received operating 
certificates from the British and 
French governments allowing it 
to transport trucks through the 
tunnel on its shuttle trains and 
also to allow passage of frdghL 
trains operated by British Rail 
and SocKte Nationale des Che- 
mins de fer Fran^ais. the 
French rail company. 

SNCF said neither it nor 
British rail expected to begin 
sending freight trains until June 
13. On Thursday, however, 
trucking companies wQl be al- 
lowed to send their vehicles on 
the Eurotunnel shuttle, by invi- 
tation. Those first shipments 
come nearly two weeks after the 
May 6 official opening of the 
tunnel and almost a year later 
than originally scheduled. 

Regular passengpr service is 
not expected to begin until Octo- 
ber, so the tunnel will miss the 
lucrative summer season. As a 
result, revenue from shuttle train 

and through-train operations is 
expected to be only 1 3 billion 
French francs (S227 million] this 
year, compared with the last esti- 
mate published 18 months ago 
of 5.04 billion francs. 

Eurotunnel reduced its 1995 
revenue forecast to 5.1 billion 
francs from an earlier 6.6 bil- 
lion initially. In 1 996. revenue is 
expected to be 7.19 billion 

The consortium estimated it 
would have 22 percenl of cross- 
channel passenger traffic in 
1995, or 163! million travelers, 
rising to 28 percent in 1996. For 
goods, Eurotunnel expects 1 1.4 
percent of the market, or 11.4 
million tons, in 1995, rising to 
15.6 percent, or 16.01 million 
tons, m 1996. 

The slower-than-expected 
start to operations — the result 
of disputes between Eurotunnel 
and the contractors that built the 
tunnel plus technical problems 
with the shuttles —the company 
said it did not plan to pay divi- 
dends until 2003. By then. SEr 
TECE-WSA, a consultant said 
the tunnel would have annual 
revenue of 12.92 billion francs, 
rising to 2132 bOlion in 2013. 

(AP, Bloomberg, AFP) 

Krupp Joins 
Bid to Buy 
Italian Firm 

Complied fy Our Staff From Dispatches 

MILAN — An Italian- German 
consortium, including Fried. 
Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp, said 
Monday ii has made a bindin g of- 
fer for the Italian steel company 
Aerial Special! Temi SpA, one of 
two state-controlled steelmakers 
being privatized by the Italian gov- 

Three Italian companies, Ac- 
riaierie e Ferriere Lombarde Falck 
SpA. Tadfin and Riva SpA, have 
joined Krupp in the bid. a joint 
statement said, but it did not give 
any financial details about the of- 

Falck is one of Italy’s largest 
specialty steelmakers, with net as- 
sets of about 400 billion lire ($250 

Separately, the Treuhand, the 
agency entrusted with the privati- 
zation of East Germany's industry, 
said Monday that it has begun a 
search for a new buyer for the steel- 
maker EKO Stahl AG after plans 
to sell it to Riva collapsed last 

“The Treuhand is resuming talks 
with all those that were interested 
before,” said a spokesman for 
Thyssen AG. 

But he said that an earlier offer 
put forward last year by Thyssen 
and Preussag AG must now be 
“worked over’ since “time has run 
on.” (Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX) 

■ HefrMW . £ ,■ 
London : 
MBan . . 
Parie • .. 
Stocldictev • 
. Vtetwia - : ' 


Sources: neuters. 

AE* ■■■■ ■ 

Slock Index 
DAX • . 

FAZ ' 

HEX ' ; 

Financi^Times 30 
; FTSE 300- 
General index 
■MIB . . ■ ■ 
GAC4Q ' - 

Stock index - ' ' - 

s ' 

■■ m! I - ■ - 


Monday " 




f *86025 

.2,187 JQ 
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Prey. . % v 

411,68 ,.+035 

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2,471.30 -0,35 ' 

,3.rt&S0 ■ -0,12- 
328.48 +1,08 

1,305.00 -£<30 

£,187X» +0jQ3 

1,838.45 +0.77 

45430 +0.2 fl 
950:01 : +1.07 

Uranatiaoal HcnMTritmne 

Very briefly: 

• Gist-Brocades NV, the Dutch biotechnology company, said it planned 
to buy a factory for pharmaceutical bulk chemicals from the Italian 
company Pierrel SpA, a unit of the Swedish Pharmacia AB. 

• Groqre Bid said that reports that it would reach agreement on 
technological cooperation with NEC Corp. of Japan by June were 
premature. Bull also refused to confirm reports that the talks might 
involve joint development of a new generation of large computers. 

• PSA Peugeot Citroen SA and Fiat SpA inaugurated a factory in 
northern France that will jointly produce a minivan. 

• Petrofina SA, the Belgian energy company, said that its profit improved 
in the first quarter of the year from the comparable period a year earlier in 
spite of weak refining margins. 

• Renters Holding? PIC said it has formed a “strategic relationship” with 
Hewlett-Packard Co. to make a digital-inf onnation-dismbution system 
available on Hewlett-Packard workstations. 

• PortngaTs central bulk said that it spent nearly 250 billion escudos 
($1.45 billion) in foreign currency to defend the escudo in March and 

April. (Bloomberg, AP. A FP. Reuters. AFX) 

Greece, Battling, Raises Rates s 


ATHENS — The Bank of Greece 
Monday began its battle to defend 
the d rachma against speculative 
pressures, sending interbank rates 
soaring after the socialist govern- 
ment lifted all restrictions on capital 
movements over the weekend. 

The central batik pushed up its 
key overnight penalty rate to 33 
percent from 30 percent, and its 
discount and Lombard rates to 22J 
percent and 26.5 percent, a rise of 1 
percentage print for each. 

The one-month Athens inter- 

bank offered rate jumped to 57.29 
percent from Friday’s 24.60 per- 
cent, and the three-month rate 
soared to 48.% percent from 25.85 

The rates kept demand for Deut- 
sche marks low, and the Bank of 
Greece supported the drachma, 
supplying less than $80 million, 
compared with an outflow exceed- 
ing $500 million on Friday. 

“Interbank rates did not allow 
speculators to either borrow or do 
swaps,” a chief foreign exchange 
dealer said. 

ON YU PE loot 

aw YU PE lOQa 


BAT to Buy Uzbek Firm 

The Assoaaied Pnzx 

LONDON — BAT Industries 
PLC said Monday it is buying 51 
percent of the state-owned Uzbeki- 
stan tobacco company. 

The British tobacco giant said it 
would invest more than 5200 mil- 
lion to upgrade the operations of 
Uz Tobacco A.O.. which comprises 
most of the Uzbek tobacco indus- 
try. As part of the arrange menu the 

Uzbek government is allowing 
BAT to take a controlling interest, 
for an undisclosed price. 

BAT will modernize an existing 
cigarette factory and win also build 
a new one. 

Last month, BAT moved to 
strengthen its No. 3 position in the 
U.S. tobacco market by purchasing 
American Tobacco Co. for $1 bil- 

& National Westminster Bank 

(Incorporated in England wnfh limited Inablirly) 

U.S.5500.000,000 Junior FRNs 

Notice rs hereby given that the Rate oF Interest has been fixed 
□V 5.625% and that the interest payable on the relevant Interest 
Payment Date November 17. 1994 against Coupon No. 21 in 
respect oF U.S. $25,000 nominal of the Notes will be 
U.S.S7I8.75 and in respect of U.5.$5,000 nominal of the 
Notes will be U.S.S 143.75. 

May 17, 1994. London 

By: Citibank, N.A. (Issuer Services), London Branch, Agent Bank 




• Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday 

/tea/ Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Phis over 300 headings In International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma In Pars: 
Tel: (33-1) 48 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

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Currency Management Corporation Plc 
W inchester House, 77 London Wall - London EC2M 5ND 
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Page 13 

Singapore Air 

Net Drops on 



Penang Goes Electronic 

From Nutmeg Port to Silicon Valley 

Kia, Daewoo 
To Cooperate 
On Car Parts 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

mi ~ 


Straits Times 


Nikkei 226 .. ■>£ 

PENANG, Malaysia — Seagate Technology 
Inc., the California-based maker of computer hard 

ones Ltd. said Monday 
competition and the rf 

that price 
l&ong Singa- 
iriy 6 percent 
its financial 

k JP c-*"® 16 a net 801 mil- 

lX* ifSEK J™** (SSI 6 mil- 
fTOm 850 6 

million dollars fc) the previous year. 

dSE^N Nations 

* ^misting West’s 
Labor Prodding 

Agptce Fmnce-Prase 

a S1 , N . GAPQ RE — Southeast 
Asm s booming economics must re- 
sist Western demands to improve 
workers wages and welfare benefits 
in return for more trade, Singapore's 
deputy prime minister said Monday. 

Lee Hsien Loong told labor min- 
isters from the Association of 
Southeast Asian Nations that de- 
veloping countries should deter- 
mine the pace at which workers* 
benefits evolve. 

In response to Western criticism 
of labor tactics in some Southeast 
Asian countries, the mmistefs are 
expected to issue a statement on 

Revenue rose to 6 2 billion dollars 
from 5.6 billion. 

Rising costs for wages, fuel, air- 
craft maintenance and landing and 
parking fees contributed to the 
weaker results, the airline said. 

Intense worldwide competition 
amid slow economic growth in the 
United Stales, Europe and Japan 
also took a toil, although other re- 
gions in Asia prospered, it said. 

.“The outlook for 1994-95 is 
m i x ed,” the company said. “The 
U-S. economy is experiencing 
growth. Asa, with the exception of 
Japan, is still buoyant, so passenger 
traffic in the Asia-Pacific area 
should see moderate growth.” 

Analysts continued to recom- 
mend the airline's stock. 

"The preliminary figures for this 
year are encouraging," said Steven 
Koh, airline analyst at Vickers 
Balias Singapore. ”We have proba- 
bly seen the bottom of the airline 

He said he expected the airline’s 

disks, has just opened its third plant in five years in 
the northern resort island of Penang, Malaysia's 
answer to the Silicon Valley. 

Alan Shugart, Seagate's president, said he could 

have set up his plants anywhere in the world, but 
he chose to put them in Scotland, Northern Ire- 
land, Thailand and Malaysia because he liked to 
visit these places. 

“I only do things because it is fun." he said. 

“And I put my money where 1 can have fun." 

A popular beach resort during British colonial 
times, Penang was then known as the Isle of 
Temples because of its many Buddhist and Hindu 

sands of foreign workers to fill blue-collar jobs. 

Analysts said the region's industrial establish- 
ment must continue with efforts to move beyond 

low-technology and labor-intensive operations. 

“Wc cannot compete on labor costs because China 
and the Indochinese nations can offer lower labor 
costs,” said Abu! Hasan Rashid, a management 


“We simply have to move to making high-tech- 
nology products and not just assembling compo- 
nents,” he added. 

The Malaysian government has also expressed 

concern over its large import bill in the electronics 

Mr. Sh 

operating margin to rise to 3.5 per- 
cent in 1 995-96 from Z8 percent in 
1994-95 and 5.5 percent in 1993-94. 

The airline’s stock jumped to 7.70 
dollars Monday from 755 Friday. 

The the airline was not as opti- 
mistic about its outlook as the ana- 
lysts. It said that with continued 
intense competition, passenger 
yields may not ‘improve much." 

The airline said its yield, or the 
money earned by flying a metric 
ton one kilometer, declined to 76 
cents last year, with passenger 
yields down 35 percent and cargo 
yields down 7.1 percent. 

Price competition accounted for 
pan of the drop in overall yield, 
while the rise of the Singapore dol- 
lar accounted for the balance, the 
airline said. 

Capital spending totaled 201 
billion dollars in the year, up from 
1.79 billion dollars the previous 
year, with 90 percent spent on air- 
craft. (Reuters, AP, AFX) 

Tuesday ngccting pressure from the 
United States ana some Enrooean 

United States and some European 
Union members to include social 
clauses in future trade agre emen ts 
“We cannot make changes (o 
suit other's standards," Mr. Lee 
told labor ministers from Brunei, 
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philip- 
pines, Singapore and Thailand. 
ASEAN officials say that indus- 
! trialired nations' new focus on la- 
bor conditions is aimed at eroding 
their competitiveness by forcing 
them to raise wages to the levels in 
developed nations. . 

Mr. Shugart also owns a restaurant, a publishing 
company and a computer repair company. 

Penang Seagate Industries’ new plant is' the larg- 
est magnetic recording-head assembly facility in 
Southeast Asia, but Mr. Shugart said global demand 
was exceeding the capacity of the Seagate plants. 

“It looks tike I have to open another plant uext 
year,” he said earlier this month during the inaugu- 
ration ceremony for the latest facility, which was 
valued at $57 milli on. 

Seagate has 17 plants employing 50,000 workers 
scattered around the globe. It produces basic com- 
ponents for hard disks in the United States and 
Northern Ireland, airlifts them to Penang for as- 
sembly, sends them to neighboring Thailand for 
another stage of assembly and to Singapore for 
final assembly. 

Seagate posted revenue of $909.27 million for 
the third quarter of its financial year, which ended 

The fast-growing 
electronics industry has 
become Malaysia’s largest 
manufacturing industry and 
employs 200,000. 

on April 1, up 20.6 percent from the comparable 
period a year earlier. 

period a year earlier. 

Its 6.000 workers in Penang are among the 
200,000 in Malaysia's fast-growing electronics in- 
dustry, which has become the country’s largest 
manufacturing sector in the past few years. 

Malaysia’s electronic exports totaled 34.6 billion 
ringgit ($1326 billion) in 1992 the most recent 
figures available. 

Once known more for its business as a free port 
and its nutmeg exports, Penang alone accounted 
for 10.6 billion ringgit worth of electronics prod- 
ucts in 1992 

Investments in electronics factoriesare still on 
the rise in Penang due to good infrastructure, a 
network of supporting industries and easy access 
to labor, said the Malaysia Industrial Develop- 
ment Authority. 

The sudden rise in the number of plants has put 
a squeeze on labor. Malaysia’s unemployment rale 
is below 3 percent, according to official figures, 
and the country has to rely on hundreds of thou- 

industry, which amounted to 25.5 billion ringgit in 
1992, or nearly 75 percent of the value of electron- 
ics exports. 

Malaysia’s single largest import item was elec- 
tronics component pans, accounting for about 
one-third of total imports for intermediate goods 
and 13.3 percent of total imports in 1992. 

U.S. companies such as Motorola Inc. and Tex- 
as Instruments Inc. pioneered Malaysia's electron- 
ics industry in the early 1970s, lured by lax holi- 
days and other benefits, as Malaysia sought to ease 
an unemployment rate that was high at that time. 

■ Mitsubishi Technology for Proton 

Mitsubishi Motors CorpJrn agreed to hasten 
technology transfer to Malaysia’s Proton national 
car project, in which Mitsubishi Corp. and Mitsu- 
bishi Motors hold a 17 percent slake, Malaysian 
officials said Monday, according to a dispatch 
from AFP- Ex Lei News in Kuala Lumpur. 

RafidahAziz, the minister of international trade 
and industry, said that Mitsubishi executives she 
met in Tokyo recently were “willing to look at 
areas" in the Proton venture where Malaysia has 
expressed concern over Mitsubishi’s reluctance to 
share technology. 

Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad of Ma- 
laysia said in March that if Mitsubishi did not 
allow Proton to design and produce its own engine 
and transmission pans, it could turn to European. 
U.S. and even other Japanese companies. 

Bloomberg Businas Sews 

SEOUL — Two major Soulh 
Korean carmakers, aiming to cut 
production costs and improve com- 
petitiveness, said Monday they 
would cooperate in producing car 
components. , 

Kia Motors Corp. and Daewoo 
Motor Co. said they would draw up 
a list of items far joint development 
and a lime schedule before the end 

of June. 

The move was welcomed by the 
country's largest carmaker, Hyun- 
dai Motor Co., which said it would 
consider joining the Kia- Daewoo 
pans club. 

“It is very desirable," said Choi 
Hahn-young, a Hyundai spokes- 
person “South Korea’s vehicle in- 
dustry should be going in that di- 
rection anyway.” 

Industry analysts said the plan 
would promote economies of scale 
and specialization by parts makers. 

“Standardization of components 

means cost-saving,” said Song 
Sang- boon, a spokesman at the Ko- 
rea Automobile Manufacturers' 
Association, a trade group. 

Kia and Daewoo suffer from 
slim margin* despite increasing in 
sales and are looking for ways to. 
slash overhead. 

Large losses by Daewoo, the No. 
3 company, pushed the combined 
bottom line of South Korean car- 
makers into the red last year to the 
tune of 85 billion won ($10.49 mil- 

Kia earned net profit of 18.07 
billion won last year on sates of 
4.11 trillion won, while Daewoo 
recorded a loss of 84.7 billion won 

X5 2®® IT j’ F 'M A 11 .#* 
1984 'IBS* 1094 


index . " Monday 

Hong Kong Hang Seng 
Singapore Straits Times 
Sydney T' ! ... A8 Ordinaries 


KunJa Lumpur, Corriposite 
Bangkok \ SET , 





Composite Stock 
Weighted Price 

Stock Index 

New Zealand NZSE-4Q 
Bombay - National index 

Sources: Reuters . AFP 

: 2*29041 
997i84 .. . 



' "ijm 'jis " 

■ doss' ' Charigo 

... £288i12 

^nwis’-’jk Mfe 

, 20.271X75 wm Y. 

842.88 •• 


' 2.93728 , -t^V 
467.40 +0.10.'. 

2,105.69 "'$38=' 
1,851.42 ■ ♦1.10'; 

IntCTDJBOral Herald Tribune 

Very briefly; 

Hyundai garnered net profit of 
5823 billion won on sales of 7.18 

5823 billion won on sales of 7.18 
trillion won. “Our car industry 
should slim fat in management and 
at every step in production to cope 
with lough international competi- 
tion. " Mr. Song said. 

Mr. Song also said U.S. carmak- 
ers had gone through a difficult 
streamlining process and that the 
Japanese had survived problems of 
the high yen. 

• Sony Music Entertainment (Japan) Inc said a dearth of new hit albums 
from big-name pop stars that have signed with the label caused current 
profit to fall nearly 12 percent in the financial year ended March 31. to 
19.84 billion yen ($190 million). 

■ Guangdong Investment which is controlled by the government of the 
southern Chinese province of Guangdong, won approval from minority 
shareholders to spend 819.3 million Hong Kong dollars (S106 million) on 
two hotels in Hong Kong. 

• Vietnam exported $940 million worth of goods in the first four months 
of 1994, an increase of 17 percent from the same period in 1993. 

■ CamandMetalbox SA, the French-British can manufacturing company, 
is establishing a joint venture with China National Packaging Industrial 
Development called CarnaudMetalbox Beijing Ltd. to build a beverage- 
can factory in Beijing with an annual capacity of about 500 million cans. 

• China, which is trying to keep urban unemployment below 3.0 percent, > 
is offering financial incentives to service companies to take on jobless 1 

• Tokyo department store sales fell 45 percent in April from Aprill993, | 
to 191.09 billion yen. 

■ India said foreign investors have committed $4.7 billion toprojecis there - 
since August 1991, but actual investment has been $1.1 billion so far. * 

■ Sumitomo Chemical Co. cut its 1 994 pretax profit forecast to 14 billion ; 

yen from its earliest estimate of 27 billion because of weak earnings at i 
Sumitomo Pharmaceutical Co. Bloomberg. AFX.AF.AFP - 

Nintendo Doubts Video Games Need Faster Hardware 


KYOTO, Japan — Nintendo Co, the 
maker of computer games, said Monday 
that the advent of 32-bit video-game ma- 
chines would not spark a price war. 

Hiroshi Yamaudu, president of Nin- 
tendo, said the company was sticking by its 
ded^ffljpntrtmake a.32rbit version cs its 
f-n tfTtntiwv-wfr svstem tcdES. called Fann- 
• com in Japiiivfts systems are connected to 
television sets. 

Countering what appears to be a grow- 
ing consensus elsewhere in (he industry, 
Hiroshi Yamaudri, president of Nintendo, 
sad that most game players to not care 
whether the hardware is 16-bit or 32rbiL 
The number: of bits indicates bow moch 
information the unit can process at one 
time. ' - 

*7 tell people that a war era is not going 
to break out amply because 32-bit game 

machines have emerged," be said, adding 
dial the idea of a next-generation machine 
excites no one except the makers and the 

The new machines wQl feature multi- 
media functions and virtual reality, the 
latter being three-dimenaonal simulation 
using sensors that respond to a player's 
movements. . 

••• Although Mr. Yamarichi said Nintendo 
would not make a 32rbit version for its 
Faxmcom series, he snd it would make a 
32-bit player for use with computer termi- 
nals and it would go on sale early next year 
at a price of less than 20,000 yen ($192). 

Decisions not to make a 32-bit Faxm- 
com, to stop making machines for arcades 
and to stay out erf theme parks have earned 
Mr. Yamauchi a reputation in the industry 
for being obstinate. 

Whfy» his strategy may puzzle some ana- 

lysts, Mr. Yamauchi can boast a formida- 
ble track record. He led Nintendo into the 
computer game business in the late 1970s 
and has seen it ring up sales of 562.75 
billion yen ($5 billion) and profit for the 
parent company of 163.79 billion in the 
year ended in March 1993. 

Mr. Yamauchi, who holds a stake in the 
company of more than 10 percent, is now 
focusing on making video games for home 
use and has put the emphasis on software. 

But many in the video-game industry 
and in the media question his strategy, 
saying 32-bit machines will transform the 
market and will pose a serious threat to 
Nintendo, which has a share of about 90 
percent of the 16-bit machine market in 

Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. intro- 
duced a 32-bit machine in March for 
54,800 yen. A Matsushita spokesman said 

it had been so popular that customers were 
haviiig to wait a week to get one. 

Sony Coip. and Sega Enterprises Lld. 
aiso plan to start selling their own 32-bit 
machines this year. 

Mr. Yamauchi, however, said he consid- 
ered a price of 50,000 yen for such an item 
to be extreme. The cheaper the hardware 
the better, he said, because it was software 
that really attracted users. 

He also said that he suspected consum- 
ers might not be as interested in new multi- 
media functions as makers hope. 

“If Matsushita can sell a million 32-bit 
machines in the first year, as they say. 1 
promise I will resign as Nintendo presi- 
dent,” said Mr. Yamauchi “I will leave 
because that would indicate that my busi- 
ness management has been wrong.” 

He confirmed, however, that the compa- 
ny would introduce a 64-bit Famicom in 

September 1995 for around 25,000 yen, 
although he declined to give details about 

Analysts Forecast Strong 
Results at H.K. Telecom 

its functions. 

Nintendo's survival depends on whether 
it can succeed in making a 64-bit machine, 
said Masahiro Ono, an analyst at Yamaichi 
Research Institute. 

“Whether it can really produce a 64-bit 
machine is uncertain," said Mr. Ono. “But 
if it can, Nintendo will become the winner 
due to its strong sales network in Japan.” 

Part of Lhe secret of Nintendo’s success 
was the strategy it adopted when the indus- 
try expanded rapidly in the 19S0s, analysis 
said, adding that Nintendo allowed smaller 
companies to develop and sell software on 
its behalf. This gave it a strong domestic 
sales network, they said. 

Mr. Yamauchi is less bullish about his 
company’s overseas business, where the 
high yen has eroded profits. 


Kong Telecommunications Ltd. 
plowed through rising competi- 
tion, cuts in international rates 
and a change in top manage- 
ment to post profit growth of 14 

U iUa 

increase in profit for the com- 
pany in the current year. 

percent in the year ended March 
31. analysis said Monday. 

Analysts are predicting a 
show of strength in the future, 
according to the latest edition 
of the Estimate Directory, a se- 
curities industry publication. 

“I don’t think there will be 
any surprises this year,” said 
Paul Deayton of Credit Lyon- 
nais, who predicted a modest 

A consensus of analysts said 
that Hongkong Telecom’s net 
profit for the recently-complet- 
ed financial year would be 7.32 
billion Hong Kong dollars 
($947 million). Hongkong Tele- 
com, which is 58.8 percent 
owned by Cable & Wireless 
PLC of Britain, said in Novem- 
ber that the 15 percent profit 
growth it posted in the first half 
of the financial year would be 
sustained in the second half. 

Net profit grew 13 J percent 
in the previous financial year. 

A Cheaper Brew 
Is Coming to Japan 




The Associated Press 

TOKYO —In the latest sign of 
Japan’s trend toward low-cost re- 

tailing, the biggest convenience 
store rihflm in the country said* 
Monday it planned to sell a new 
brand of beer made by Milter 
Brewing Co. for about 2D percent 
less than other beer. 

The plans by Seven- Eleven Ja- 
pan Co. are part , of a wider link 
with Miner's parent, food giant 
Philip Morris Cos. of the United 

As Japan staggers through a 
third year of recession, Japanese 
consumers who once willingly paid 
a premium for good servic e and 
quality are now increasingly seek- 
ing qut low-frills discount stores 
and other ways to save money. 

That is offering opportunities for 
U.S. companies, winch often have a 

price advantage over 

, competitors because the high yen 
means wages and other costs, such 
as land and equipment, arc lower m 
. the United States. 

He declined to say what the 
name erf the newbrand would be or 
how it differed from other beers. 
Seven-Eleven win sell the new beer 
exdnsivcfy at first, bm it is expect- 
ed lobe sold later elsewhere in 

PA r i s 

business oasis 

The beer arrangement may be 
-extended to other new products to 
be developed jointly by Seven- 
Eleven and Kraft General Foods 
International, another division of 
Philip Morris, Mr. Atiyama said. 

In addition, Seven-Eleven and 
Kraft General Foods will cooper- 
ate in 'making and selling fresh 
sandwiches throughout the United 
States, he said. 

Most Japanese in cities can buy 
fresh cold sandwiches any time at 
the thousands of 24-bour conve- 
nience stores around the country, 
but the product has not penetrated 
as deeply in the United States. 

^/he-Saribope, where the 
dry Is quiet after the busy-oess 
of the day. Strategically but 
disereed? located on Upper 

Rfth Awoue, The Stanhope 

provides world dass personal 

■ eomfcmi dasac accommoda- 

■ Sons and supeib service to the 
business individual. 

j PROGRAMS 1994 

^ ajif^'354-jwuxc-- lQ o June. 13 - July 22 
' •' July 25-Angvjst 12 

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Currently, 2^00 7-Eleven stores 
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POB 1373 Luxembourg Tel. 477 9S 71 

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0 Obllg Convert, intent FF 150.14 

0 Court Terme Ecu Ecu 71JU 

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0 Court Terme FRF FF uij* 


0 Elvsees Mommune FF 6961578 

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d E nerate -Valor. JF 15150 

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0 CS Fixed I SF 7% 1/94 SF 

0 CS Fixed I DM n 1794 DM 

0 CS Fixed I Ecu a 3/4% im.Ecu 

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0 CS Band Fd Ure A/B Lit 7S4J0MC 

0 CS Bond Fd Peselax A/B Plus 19057.00 

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0 C5 Monev Market Fd I s 

0 CS Money Market Fd DM— DM 

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0 CS Monev Market Fd SF — SF 5824.25 

0C5 Money Merkel FdMFi_FI ITDUM 

0 CS Money Market Fd Ul Ul 122271 U# 

0 CS Money Market Fd FF FF 416924 

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0 CS Money Market Fd BEF -BF 5C995D0 

0 CS Oeko-ProtecA — DM 240.W 

0 CS Oeko-Pralec B DM 240.79 

0 C5 North-Amortem A— x 2*226 

0 CS North- Amer .can B 1 74878 

0 C5 UK Fund A t 

0 CS UK Fund B £ 

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a CS CuJhful 5FR2900 SF IS3LM 

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0 Cx Caollai DM 1997 DM I7S2J0 

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0 CS Caohal FF 2000 FF 141.16 

0 CS Japan Megatrend SFR_SF 2M-58 

0CS Japan Megatrend Yen _Y 74(mJDD 

0 CS Pont lltcSFP A/B SF 101724 

0 CS Pont Bal SFR SF 10*35 

0CS Part* Growth 5FP SF 10232) 

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TM 41-27 700 M 3/ 

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0 DH Mondartn Porttoiio sf 1003500 

0 Henbrti Treaiury Fd 5F I0C5JW 

rf Samurol Portfolio SF 32540 


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0 Csnesilro + DM SLfl4 

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w Ermlroge Avan Hetfae Fd j t1J2 

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w ErmWoae Amer Hag Fd 1 549 

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a American Eaultv Fung j 74733 

0 American Dpi ion Fund 3 161.42 


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n Everwt Capital Inll LW-J „ „ UM6 

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tf New Eurose Fund S U64 

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FOKUS BANK AJL 47242850 
w5confondx Inti Growth Fd_£ 0.93 

Tat : London 071 SIB 1234 
tf Argentinian Invest Co SicavS 2508 

a Brazilian invest Co sicav_s 2313 

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0 Lottn America Income Cu— 5 9 S3 

0 Lathi American Invest Co-X 96} 

0 Mexican Invest Co Slcov S 37Tt 

tf Penivien Invest Co Stan S <501 


P O. Box 2001. Hamillon. Bermuda 

m FMO Global (Jl Marl 6 >142 

in FMG N. Amer. (31 Marl 3 10X2 

mFMCEm 131 Mar) 5 1598 

mFMG EMG MKT (31 Mar) _S 72-01 

m FMG O 131 Marl 3 9.18 


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d DEM Bend DBS 

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0 Donor Band Dla522 5 2x2 

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0 French Frgnq_DH153l— FF 1124 

0 Global Bond Dls2.ll X 2X1 


tf ASEAN S 52B 

a Alla Pocfttc s • « 

a Continental Europe Ecu 153 

0 Developing Markers 5 ,591 

0 France ■ ■ F c ll.W 

tf Germany DM SB6 

0 Inlemdllana S 2J 

0 Jcuan v 2856# 

0 North America x 255 

tf Swltzertimd SF 363 

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0 Doflor. Dh Zm S 2.158 

0 French Franc FF 1572 

d Yen Reserve v 234.* 


London : 071-4994171. Geneva : 41 -22155530 

w Scottish World Fund l *558607 

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w (A) Genesee Eagle X 1355* 

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tf GAM ASEAN J 41525 

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ir GAM Cross-Market— 5 10574 

wQAM European * 9223 

w GAM France FF 1892JI 

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0 Da S reeling c 101X9 

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0 DO Yen Y 10024.08 

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wGAM Value 5 177 34 

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w GSAM CampcnlM 3 33577! 

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wGAMOrtenl Acc DM 12&64 


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Bermuda: (80*1 295-4000 Fax : 1809 ' 29S-4180 

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For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33 

For expert advice on personal investing. 

Every Saturday, the International Herald Tribune publishes The Money Report, a weekly section that provides 
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Page 16 



Alvarez Wins 
14th Straight 
For White Sox 

The Associated Freu 

Even when Wilson Alvarez is not 
at his best, the Chicago White Sox 
are mating it easy for him to win. 

Alvarez won his 14th straight 
regular-season decision, one shy of 
the team record, and the visiting 
White Sox defeated the Texas 
Rangers. 9-6. on Sunday. 

“1 didn't think Wilson was real 
sharp with his curve early on, but 
he kepi his composure and 1 


thought he pitched well later," said 
the White Sox manager. Gene La- 
mane ‘'Some guys you score runs 
for and some you don’t. This year 
he's the recipient." 

.Alvarez gave up four runs, only 
one of them earned, and nine hits 
in seven innings. 

The WhiLe Sox are averaging 7.8 
runs in Alvarez's eight starts. Dar- 
rin Jackson capped a four-run first 
inning with a three-run homer off 
Roger Pavlik (0-lj. 

Alvarez appreciates the glut of 
runs from the White Sox, although 
his 2.3S ERA indicates that he is 
holding up his end of the deal. 

Alvarez, who also won once last 
October against Toronto in the AC 
playoffs, won his first lifetime deci- 
sion against Texas. He started his 
career with the Rangers in 1989. 
made only one start and lost when 
he failed to retire any of five bat- 

Alvarez has not lost since Aug. 
1 1, 1 993. and he is one victory away 
from matching LaMan Hoyt's dub 
mark for consecutive wins. 

Frank Thomas had two hits, 
walked twice and drove in two 
runs. Tim Raines had a two-run 
triple and Robin Ventura drove in 
two runs. 

Pavlik, activated from the 15-day 
disabled list before the game, made 
his first appearance for the Rangers 
this season. He had been sidelined 
with a partial tear of the right rota- 
tor cuff. Pavlik lasted five innings, 
allowing six runs and seven hits. 

Mariners 9, Angels 5: Ken Grif- 
fey Jr. hit his 14th home run before 
leaving with a knee injury, and 
Randy Johnson, starting for the 
first time in nine days, was the 
winner as Seattle defeated Califor- 

Tim Salmon homered for the 
fourth straight game for the An- 
gels, but his fifth home run in that 
span was not enough at the King- 

Griffey connected for a solo shot 
in the first Lining off Joe Magrane. 
tying Malt Williams of San Fran- 
cisco for most homers in the ma- 

enth with the Indians ahead. 1 1-2. 
The grounds crew at Jacobs Reid 
was unable to pull the soaked urp 
over half the infield for 36 minutes. 

Lofton had three hits, extending 
his hitting streak to 14 games, and 
matched his career high for runs 

In earlier games, reported Mon- 
day in some editions of the Herald 

Yankees 12, Brewers I: New 
York won its 10th straight as Don 
Mattingly. Wade Boggs and Bemie 
Williams homered in a rout in Mil- 

The Yankees' winning streak is 
their longest since they won JO 
straight in 1987. New York won all 
three games at County Stadium, its 
Hist sweep in Milwaukee since 

Paul O'Neill went 2-for-3, rais- 
ing his major-league-leading aver- 
age to .467. as the Yankees won for 
the 20th time in 24 games. The 
Brewers lost their fifth in a row. 

Twins 5, Orioles 2: Kevin Tapani 
pitched a five-hitter and Minnesota 
swept Baltimore at the Metrodome. 
The Orioles' three-game losing 
streak is their longest of the season. 

Tapani struck out four, walked 
one and retired 16 of the last 17 
batters. He began the game with a 
7.78 ERA, but led ihe Twins to 
their seventh victory in eight 

Rafael Palmeiro of the Orioles 
extended his hitting streak to 18 
games, longest in the majors this 

Athletics 6, Royals 2: In Kansas 
City. Todd Van Poppel won for the 
first lime this year and helped Oak- 
land put together its first two-game 
winning streak in nearly a month. 

Van Poppel began the day with a 
9.59 ERA. and gave up three 
straight extra-base nits to start the 
game. After that, he allowed only 
two more hits and left after 5 Vs 
innings with a 4-2 lead. 

Dennis Eckersley got his third 
save and second in two days. Jeff 
Granger. Kansas City’s top draft 
pick last year, also went 5'^ in- 

Ruben Sierra had three hits, 
scored one run and drove in one for 
the A's. 

Devils Rair to Stop 
in 2d OT 

By Joe Lapointe 
Sew York Tunes Jemw 
NEW YORK —The New Jersey 
Devils didn't lead until they needed 
to at the verv end, when they 
scored late in the second overtime 
to take a 4-3 victojy-over the. New 
York Rangers in the opening game 

don time 

after ****&** 

goalie for an extra attacker. 




litba faracfti'Ttefo'acuKriftai 

Philadelphia's Mickey Moramfini dove for the plate, but Pirates' catcher Lance Parrish got the tag on him in Pittsburgh's 1-0 victory. 

of the third round of the Stanley 
Cup playoffs. • 

Scoring was Stepbane Richer, 
who skated from his own zone up 
the left side of the ice before faking 
around Adam Graves and launch- 
ing a short shot on the forehand that 

went m the net off the stick erf goalie 

Mike Richter at 15 minutes, 23 sec- 
onds, of that second OT period. 

The goal shortly after midnight 
on Monday, culminated a series of 
comebacks arid gave the Devils 
tbdr first victory over the Rangers 
in seven games this season. 

Three times, the Rangers took 
one-goal leads; three times, the 
Devos came back' to lie it, the final 
time in the final minute of regula- 

— - .,,£|S, 

Gjune 2 of the four^ 7 - 
garni series wiB PjJ- 
VorkW Tuesday tughv- . 

Th^Rangers wem ahead . 

dutf tnqe in the game. tstoJE , 7,5 

of the iE*d period- St ^ ^ 
pounced on MaA 
bound and fired 


when Lanner hustled to gain >■ 
irol of thepuckafljd sent uacroN U 

of the Devils was sehh for 1 p 
ping Esa Ttkkanen. - - 

The Devils tied tjr.,rf 
only 43 seconds ly ft. y Claude* 
nrieux scored during ,j» a 
by six attackers fiber 
coach, Jacques Lei 
his goalie for the 'pxtra 
With the Range's? 
trying to lie him\np 
Learieux got his stick 
and chipped it past M 


• unous 1 

. bad pul,* 

in ihe.slojja 
on ihe?t>ud‘ 

ike Ric&ter." ,; '-i 

Reds’ Mitchell, on Familiar Turf, Beats the Giants 

Baker, out of the dugouL Replays showed 
Mitchell fell right aL home sending ** ba N strayed just fouL 
the Candlestick Park fence. a ' couldn i redly see it from the dugouu 

Baker said. “Everybody in the bullpen ana 
Bobby and the players on the field said it u 
fouL It makes it a much different game." 

The AuoeuKd Pros 

one over 

Mitchell, who spent four-plus seasons with 
the Giants, hit a solo home run in the 10th 
inning that sent the Cincinnati Reds over San 
Francisco. 9-6, on Sunday and ended their 10- 
game losing streak against the Giants. 

Mitchell hit his 11th home run with one 
out off Rod Beck to break a 6-6 tie and give 


another former Giant, Jeff Brantley, the vic- 
tory in relief. 

"Jefr and 1 are used to playing here, and 
that helps," Mitchell said "Beck knew what 
he was trying to do, and he knew what 1 was 
trying to do. I got a pitch I could hit.” 

After Mitchell's homer, Reggie Sanders 
followed with a double to left, then Bret 
Boone hit a ball to the right-field comer that 
the first-base umpire, Mark Hirschbeck, 
ruled a home run. 

Bob BrerJy, the Giants' coach, who was in 

the bullpen near the foul pole, immediately 

ran over to Hirschbeck to protest ihe call, 
bringing San Francisco's manager. Dusty 



Baker pulled Beck, who had recorded 
saves in the last two games. The homer to 
Mitchell was the first run the right-hander 
bad given up in eight appearances this sea- 
son, out he would not blame fatigue. 

Brantley, dropped by the Giants after last 
season, was booed by Candlestick Park fans 
when he came on to pitch. But he went the 
final two innings for the victory, which end- 
ed the Giants' three-game winning streak 
and dropped them into a first-place lie with 
Los Angeles in the NL West. 

Rockies 4, Astros 0: Armando Reynoso 
pitched well at the Astrodome, and Andres 
Galarraga’s home run in the second proved 
derisive as Colorado continued it dominance 
of Houston, 

After winning two of three in the series, 
the second-year Rockies are 13-3 against the 

Dodgers 7, Padres 1: Tim Wallach and 
Raul Mondesi drove in two runs apiece, and 
Tom Candiotti ended his four-game winless 

streak as the Dodgers beat San Diego in Los 
Angeles for their sixth straight victory. 

Mike P iazza added an RBI double, Henry 
Rodriguez had a sacrifice fly and Candiotti 
squeezed home a run as the Dodgers swept 
the three-game series. The loss was the sev- 
enth straight for San Dirao. 

Candiotti earned his first triumph since 
opening the season with three straight wins. 
The right-hander, coming off three consecu- 
tive no-dcciaons. allowed five hits, struck 
out seven and walked one in his third com- 
plete game. 

In earlier games, reported Monday in some 
editions of the Herald Tribune: 

PUHes 1, Pirates <h Lenny Dykstra, the 
league's leader with 39 runs, scored in the 
first inning, and Philadelphia hong on for a 
four-game sweep of visiting Pittsburgh. 

Shawn Boskie allowed four hits In six in- 
nings, leading the Phillies' to their season-high 
fourth straight victory. Dong Jones, the fourth 
Philadelphia pitcher, worked out of a jam in 
the top of the ninth for his seventh save. 

Martins 3, Cubs 0; Chris Hammond ex- 
tended his scoreless streak to a club-record 
22 innings and helped himself with a double 
and a suicide squeeze as Florida blanked 
visiting Chicago. 

Hammond held the Cubs to four bits in 
five inning ? and did not permit a Cub to 
reach third base. Although he has not al- 
lowed a ran since April 29, Hammond was 
removed for a pinch-hitter m the sixth for 
precautionary reasons aiW experiencing 
stiffness in his lower back. 

Expos 9, CanUnah Jfc St Louis wasted a 
season-high 16 hits by Mowing a four-run 
lead in the bottom of the rtinthm Montreal. 

Two runs were in before Rich Rodriguez 
relieved and allowed an RBI double to Larry 
Walker; After Moises Alov was walked' in- 
tentionally, Lenny Webster hit a.daasive 

Braves 6 , Meta 1: Steve Avery pitched 
right strong innings, and Javy Lbpez hit two 
homers as Atlanta atoned for its worst 
formance this season with the victory in 
York. ... 

Avery struck out « season-high nine and 
allowed five hits is winning hs third straight 
game. The Braves, who lost 11-4 Saturday, 
took out some frustration on Eric Hillman in 
the first - 

Fred McGriff, who went 3-f or-4, homered 
fra the third time in four games. Lopez, who 
drove in three runs, followed with his first 
homer of the game. 


Wins U.S. 
Golf Playoff 


In the third, Griffey slightly hy- 
whfle reach- 

perextended his knee 
ing on a force play. He later scored 
on a wild pitch, but left after the 
inning, and his status is day-to-day. 

Indians 11, Tigers 6 : Albert Belle 
homered and drove in four runs, 
and Kenny Lofton homered and 
scored four times as Cleveland 
completed a three-game sweep of 

The game was delayed by rain 
for 2 hours 59 minutes in the sev- 

Cameroon’s Old Lion Hopes to Roar Again at World Cup 

By Christopher Clarey 

New York Times Service 

YAOUNDE Cameroon — In the 
patchy grass that surrounds the Omni- 
sport Stadium, not far from an unsightly 
stretch of chain-link fence, stands a life- 
size sculpture of Roger Milla. 

It was put in place not long after soc- 
cer’s 1990 World Cup, when Mills, the 
so-called Old Lion, improbably led his 
team to a place in the quarterfinals and a 
place in a lot of hearts and minds. 

Like most man-made things in this 
humid West African climate, the sculp- 
ture of Milla is showing signs of decay. 
Green paint is peeling off his shirt; red 

paim is coining off his shorts. His left 
arm is missing from the elbow down, and 
the right is dangling as if it might not last 
until this summer's World Cup, which 
starts June 17 in the United States. 

The real Mil la is in considerably better 
shape He is 42. and after three years 
away from world-class soccer and in the 
face' of much naysaying from teammates 
and the new national coach, Henri Mi- 
chel, he has resumed his playing career. 

Milla's oft-stated objectivs is to score 
goals in the United States, just as he 
scored them in Italy four years ago: by 

sleight of foot that two decades of high- 
el soco 

coming off the bench at the most oppor- 

tune moments and summoning all the 

levd soccer has taught him, 

“I know I can't go 90 minutes, but l 
know I can still go 25 or 30,” said Milla. 

"I am a center forward, and what a 
center forward has to do is capitalize on 
the opportunities that come his way." he 
added. M I can still do that. Right now I 
am probably about at 60 percent of my 
highest level. I cannot be at 100 percent 
anymore, but 80 should be good enough 
and after six more weeks of training and 
matches, I will get there.” 

Michel, a former coach of the French 
national team, is far from convinced. 

From the moment he took charge of 
Cameroon’s team in January, be was re- 

! squat 

Old lion kept fulfilling Michel's require- 
ments; rejoining bis former dub in 
Yaounde. Le Tonnerre, and going on to 
score six goals in 10 matches. 

“I am very fond of Roger, and it’s 
difficult to judge, but I know perfectly 
weD what you are capable of doing after 
four years away from top competition," 
Mkhri said. 

“It is the Cameroonian people who 
pushed me to come back,” said Milla. 
“Without them, I would have stayed at 
home and kept living the quiet life.” 

In the face of such public and, accord- 
ing to some reports, governmental pres- 
sure, and with Milla already playing a role 
on (he team as its administrative director, 
Mkhd finally wem against his better judg- 
ment and included h5n on his list of .play- 
ers for an Asian tour this month. 

“I know what is possible,- no matter 
how much talent and experience, you . 
have,” he added. “I don’t tinnk he wifi be 
able to do it, and I was very frank with 
him about that.” 

m. “Maybe H< 
doesn't realize who is in from of him,” he 
said. ”He doesn’t know how 2 work or 
how 1 react when I am in a stadium. All I : 
ask is for him to judge me during the 
matches, that’s alL” . ' ‘ 

Compiled by Our Staff Fnm Pupaidia 
■DALLAS — Neal Lancaster 
won the largest sudden-death play- 
off in the history of the U.S. PGA 
Tour, beating five others for the 
title in the storm-shortened Byron 
Nelson Qassic. 

Lancaster won for the first time 
in his five years on the tour when he 
sank a 4-foot (L2-tneter) birdie 
putt on the first extra hole Sunday 
miheTPC at Las Colinas. He beat 
David Edwards, Yoshi Mizumati. 
Tom Byrum and Mark Camevale. 
all having completed rate round on 
each of two rain-soaked courses in 
9-under-par 131 The tournament 
was reduced to a 36-hole format 
following a series of rainstorms. 

The six-man field for the playoff 
was the largest in U.S. PGA Tour 
history ana capped one of the 
tour's shortest tournaments; It was 
the first sincetbe 1986 Pensacola 
Open to be- cut by weather to 3v ~ 
holes, the nrinhnom to be recog- 
nized as an official event. 

. Lancaster, whomever before had 
finished higher than fifth, gets the 
full winner's benefits; a place in the 
World Series of Golf, next year's 
Mastcrs and Ufi. Tournament of 
Champions.. He also collects the 
full purse; ■ 

‘ Greg Norman. the British Open 
cha mpion , Wasted Tour officials 
after the tournament. 

“I don’t think It’s a golf tourna- 
ment, to tdl the truth,” he said. 
“The sponsors are very generous to 
let the full money ride but I don't 
think this should be a qualifying 
tournament, although under the 
rules of the PGA Tour, an event is 
considered official after 36 holes.” 

Norman, this year’s leading tour 
money winner, finished two shots 
behind - (AP, Reuters) 


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“ . V ' L^ions. which take 

effect at die neA t Formula ^ 

raw. Jhe 5kniifr*k ^ > d-j. 

raw. Ihe Sp^’ h Grand Pnx in 
Baicelonaor- v^ a> 2 s. 

Bul i ?° I^Tedsion wa* forthcoming 
“J 1 .e significant changes due to 
" .j phased in beginning with the 
■‘ollowing race, the Canadian 
Grand Prix on June 12. leaving 
>pen the possibility of a renewed 
ift between the teams and the in- 
ternational Automobile Federa- 
tion. or FIA. 

have said the reduction in down- 
force could feasibly be achieved in 
time for Barcelona, they were con- 
cerned that the changes for Cana- 
da. including increased driver pro- 
tection in the cockpit, would 
involve redesigning the cars with- 
out proper time for testing. 

Growing concern over engine 
power — FlA does not plan to 
introduce any form of reduction 
until the Canadian race — may also 
put itiis year's Italian Grand Prix at 

Marco Piccinnini. of the Italian 
motor sports federation, said that 
his organization was reserving the 
right to cancel the race, set for Sept. 
U. until it was satisfied with the 
safety measures. 

(AP, Reuters) 

& • v : & 



The Associated Prar . ..." 
Scottie Pippen was there for the 
Chicago Bulls when they needed 
him . Ditto Hakeem OLmrwon for 
Houston and Reggie WuHaais to 

Pippen, .who rebelled - against 
PhD Jackson when the Bulls' coach 
did not call a play to him in the 
final seconds of Game 3 {gainst 
New York, watched from the side' 
lines as Toni Kukoc’s basket won 
that game. 

Before Game 4 on Sunday, Pip- 
pen patched things up with ins 
coach and teammates, then scored 
25 points in the Bulls* 95-83 viettny 
that evened the four-of -seven-game 
series at 2rZ 

“I put it behind me,” Pippen said 
after the game. “1 apologized to the 
team and to Phil Jackson. I "don't 
think I have ro apologize to anyone 

While the Bulls made it four con- 
secutive victories to the home 
team in that sates, the Rockets 
made it four straight to the road 
lam in their series agains t Phoe- 
nix, winning 1 07-96. Otegnwon had 
28 points and 12 rebounds, most of 
than afro - taking an elbow in the 
face in the first quarter. 

In Denver, the Nuggets avoided 
the first four-game sweep in team 
history- when Williams nit a 22- 
footer with 1.9 seconds left in an 
83-82 victory over Utah, which still 
leads the series 3-1. 

New Yak lost its eighth straight 
playoff game at Chicago Stadium, 
the 65-year-old arena that is shut- 
ting down after this season. 

Horace Grant added 18 points 
to the Bulls. Patrick Ewing led the 

The changes for Barcelona will 
reduce speeds by cutting the cars' 
downforce by 15 percent. They 
were pan of a package announced 
Friday by FlA's president. Max 
Mosley, in the aftermath of crashes 
that killed Ayrton Senna and Ro- 
land Ratzenberger and left Karl 
Wen diin ger in a coma. 

Although there was widespread 
agreement within Formula One cir- 
cles that changes were needed, 
there was unhappiness that Mosley 
had acted unilaterally. 

But at Monday's meeting — at- 
tended by the driver representatives 
Michael Schumacher and Gerhard 
Berger, among others — there was a 
consensus that differences should be 
set aside temporarily. 

While Formula One engineers 

■ Unger in Indy 500 Pole 

Al Unser Jr. waited exactly 24 
hours to win the pole for the May 
29 Indianapolis 500 when his 
Penske- Mercedes teammate Emer- 
son Fittipaldi could cot go fast 
enough on Sunday to lake the spot 
away. Reuters reported. 

Unser qualified at 228.011 miles 
per hour (366.938 kph) Saturday. 
Bui rain delayed qualifying, so nine 
drivers still had a shot at knocking 
him off the pole Sunday. The weath- 
er turned hot. however, and a wick- 
ed breeze blew across the track’s 
short chutes. This slowed the cars 
and Fittipaldi could only manage a 
third-fastest 227.303 mph. 

Joining Unser and Fittipaldi in 
the front row is another Brazilian, 
Raul Boesel. He qualified his Lola- 
Ford Coswonh on Saturdav at 
227.618 mph. 

iHli ' 

Y- * w 


. . .MWMKf .•» 1 *■» ^ 



Sw Ogtntb'Rcwm 

Patrick Ewing's swat didn't stop Scottie Pippen, who scored 25 points in Chicago’s 95-83 triumph. 

Knicks with 18 pants and 10 re- 
bounds. " 

The game was tightly called after 
a melee on Friday night between 
rite teams. New York played with- 
out its iMarting point guard, Derek 
Harper, who was. suspended to 
two games for bis part in the fight 

But the. difference- was Pippen,. 
who was a combined 2-for-13 m the 


fourth quarter of the first three 
games before his shdown. 

Without its tqrbaBhandlec, New 
Yak played sloppily m the fust 
half, as 15 turnovers helped the 
Bulls take a 53-41 lead. New York 
finished with 24 tomovas. : 

Rockets 187, Suds 96 Objuwon 
and Otis Thorpe dominated inside, 
and Kenny Smith and Mario Efie 
scored from outside as Houston 
woo its second straight in the 
America West Arena .after two dis- 
couraging losses at home. 

Smi disco red 21 pants on 8-for-- 
]0 shooting, Etiehfft II a£ his 14 in 
the fourth quarter and Thorpe fin- 
ished with 12 points' and 13 . re- 
bounds to die Rockets, who over- 
came Kevin Johnson's second 
straight 38 -point, 12-assist game. 

Charles Barkley, who had 19 
points and 14 rebounds, was the 
only other Phoenix player in dou- 
ble figures. ' ... 

Nqgg«j 83, Jazz 82: Denver is 
trying to become the first NBA 
team to come back from a 3-0 defi- 
cit to wm a playoff series. But the 
Nuggets, in upsetting Seattle in the 
first round, have already become 
the first No. 8 seed to defeat a 

-No. 2 seed since the NBA.wenJto 


Nuggets also got a shong 
wSdeffort from LaPfipnso Ellis, 
JScCseored 10 of his 17 points in 

the last 12 minute. K^fore 

The Nuggets led, 81-78, before 
John Stockton and Karl 
scored to an 82-81 Utah tead 
17 seconds left. Wflhanfe however 
made his tong jumper to pull W 

ver in from, and Jeff Homacek 
missed , a despoutiofl 3-poifltcr a 
the buzzer. 

Malone finished with 20 points, 
but missed 14 of 20 shots, while 
Stockton scored 19 to the Jaa 
who saw their six-game playon 
winning streak snapped. 

In an earlier game, reported Mon - 
day in some editions of the Herald 
Tribune: '• 

Pacers 102, Hanks 86: Reggie 
Miller ted Indiana’s 11 -for- 17 per- 
formance cm . 3 -pointers with 25 
points on 4~for-8 shooting from 3- 
point range as the Pacers relied to a 
3-1 teid over top-seeded Atlanta. 

Indiana,.; which had not ad- 
vanced past the first round of (he 
NBA .payoffs before this year, 
moved within one victory of reach - 
ingthe conference finals. 

Three consecutive blocked shots 
by AxutMiip Davis and-coisecutive 

3jKunlers by Derrick McKey and 
Muler enabled the Pacers to oot- 
score the visiting Hawks, 24-14, in 

IvY-' 4 


the fourth quarter. . :r 
Atlanta lost despite a career 
playoff -high 35 poinlSby Danny 




Atlanta 310 000 MB — 6 

New York 1M m m— l 

IrauBtring). o:l«; Lem*., NJ 'wsk* 
mafillkr conduct i. *:li: Scu« e&crjm. NY 
(rDuytrirtvi, 4;14: TikKanen. Hi ’^soenv. 

Major League Standings 

Awry. McMIciwel 19) and Looez; HHIman, manlike conduct i. *: if. 

Semlnara (61. Maddux IS) ana Hundley Snots on geaJ~Ncw jyrue, 


W— Avery. 4-1. L— Hillman. 0-1 HR» — Al- New York HH'-; — 13. Bower - oJoy aopor- 

East Division 





New York 




















Oe trait 





Central Division 










Kansas City 















West Division 






















East Division 





Allan ta 















New York 










Central Division 






St. Louis 




















West Dtvistaa 

Las a redes 





Sen Francisco 










■San Diego 





kinfa. McGrlH nil. Looez 2 tat. 

Plttitmrvh OHO 000 MB 0 7 0 

PWJodelPhki I0B MO OOk— 1 5 0 

L letter. Tomlin 17), Wtilre 111 and ParrltA, 
Bask is. West 17). Stooimo (£>, Jones ( v> and 
Daulton. ■»— Boskle. 1-1. L— Ueoer. D-l. 
Sv— Jonei (71. 

SI. Louis 300 231 005 — 5 16 B 

Montreal 014 MO 004—9 13 0 

Watson. Eversgerd 13). Aractia (6). Murphy 
(81, Pas 18). Podrtoma (9) and Posnazsi: 
Rueter. Boucner (II. Shew <51. Rolos 16). Here- 
dia (8). wviteiand 191 and Weoster. w— wett*. 
land. 21 L — RodrfvtMz. wi HRs— St. Louis, 
Pena Dl.Pognanl (II. Jetfertes 15). Lankfora 
191. MontreaL Lotting (3), Grtsum (2). 
Florida 002 loo oso — J 11 o 

Cbtcaao 000 000 HM 4 a 

Ha mm ond. Aautno (6), Pores (M. Non III. 

ftartHas—wem Jersey o of 2 ; New vary i tt J. 
BoaHes— new Jenev. Brodsur. 5-5 <a shoH- 
35 snetl. New /ork. Rrchler. e-3 148-441. 

511 m 4-9 4-5 ;i Pock 5-12 68 T4, B. williams 2-4 
3-2 A Rogers M 0-0 OTatalS 33-70 17-34 81 
3-Palnt goats— Utah l^lHamcceL 1-1 Stock 
I in 0-1, CncanbersO-l. Hmnshrlnfr 1 >, Denver 3- 
5 IR. Williams 2-3. Aadul-Rauf 0-1. Pack O-l). 
Foaled out— None. Redounds— Utah 35 (Ato- 
bm 9). Omver S7 (MutcmOo Mt^uststs— Utah 
10 (Stockton 4). Denver 13 [AtxAfl-Rouf 6). Total 
(aids— Utah 25, Denver lO.Tec&aicnls— Denver 
coocn LsseL Utah nmol J dww 1 




MAT THE SAOtH) HEMT of Jess be 
adored gtonfied kwed tvd preserved 

lh( w ;.i; ajw and far- 1 

ever. Sacred Heal of Jam pray for | 
us Sue* Jude worker cf modes pray 
far us. 5dni Jude help of ihe hopdest 
prey far b. AMB^ MG. 

Sunday’s NBA Semifinals 


Spend Heating for 


nacaojr wtcot 

on AjwnMBffS •••• bans 
& Short Term Looms For {saod for- 
■ aated hoM & :Ho*s.. Teh + 35 20 
£250071. Fax. 4-31 30 6380(75. 
fauengrode33, 1015 CD Amderdtxa 

Utanta 34 22 « 14— 66 

mhottn 32 33 23 34 — IDS 

Indiana leads scries 3-1 
Atlanta "Manning 14-10 7 J 15. ODUs C-S 2-3 

Indy 500 


Oooiifylna results after Sundays second 
dor: 1. Al Unser it , United Stales. l"«* Penske- 
..r«— .. Mercedes. 2284111 mph (36A8Wkpm; & Raul 

Pena (31, Pogrom (II. Jefferies 15). LonUorO **£*** 2‘iSf BomH. Brazil. 1994 Uto-FartL 2Z7AT3 mat. 

(91. MontreaL Lotting (3), Grtssom 12). t j l 1 ^"htaWb BrmIL 

Florida 002 in hd-i ll o V M , 3 ‘ ' 1904 PensAe-Meradc-i, 227J03 mph (345.731 

Cbtcaao 900 000 000-0 4 0 r "°? p* 1 . kpftl. 4. r jocouta vlllenwve. Canada JW4 

Hammond. Aoulno 14), Peres (0t. Nan III. =«S9 mph (36UB1 W-«l; S. 

MutlsIOl.Hcrnandez I9)and sonttaoo; Casilllo, Vn FtamiM Michael Andretti. United Stales. iW4Rrvnonl. 

Bautista (8) and Porem.wlli.lns (81. W-Hom- ^ =<035 moh (363.964 Haul; *. Lvn SL 

■mmI. A.% I —r-ndtib, n.1 (si 1"« 5* AAlICtseMl WWI. Jl.lllcms .-5 rO 4. IMim CtnlM. 1944 LOks-FanL 224.154 

Attention visitors 
from the U.S. ! 

appeon on 

Friday, May 20 A June 3 

For Wcnurtioa. phase caatad j 

Paris Tai (1) 46 37 93 85 
or Fax: {33-1} 46 37 93 70 

MONACO - PORT, fabokwi 
Oeare raring fuflyfapihad 2 

HWt CLOSE PLACE DG COUONfflC Oaere rating M^lDndiad.2 
asS OECD. 150 mi* in pn aMjaes 

flo^^nar^ba^or^fe^^m pimc awa WntunS HPn 
SStoEBONAMY Tel: 1-42 8890 00 PAMS AKEA. HJKPUSHiiD 


i IffiMQ law? havtog jprehtaBW ' 

S05 HEIP a»Sne in Ent&h. 3 pm.- 
11 pa. Tee Pare (1147 27 SD SOI I 



Sunday’s Line Scores 

mend. *-A L-CosMUo. D-l. sv-Herrwidcz IB). 
Cotorddo 021 000 iw—4 II I 

Hovstae 008 004 ooo-e 9 I 

Revnoso. Reed (B). Ruffm (9) and Glratal; 
Swtndefl. Edens (7), Jones 1*1 and EusoWo, 
Servois (BI.W— Reynosa >1L— Swindell. 3-1. 
HR — Colorado, Galarraga (13). 

San Wean ooo wo 009— l 5 l 

Las Angeles IBS BOO 30*— 7 14 a 

Softer, j. Marrtnez (4). Tabaka (7) and a. 
Johnson ondP Clark (7!:Candkjni and Piaz- 
za. W— Candlatil. Al. L— Saver. M. 
Oncinnatl 100 120 210 3-9 13 1 

San Francisco on 501 mo o~i I t 
Rita, McGIroy (7). J. Bran! lev (9) and Dor- 
tatt. Burken.Monieieraa (M.Bortsa (71. Frey 
(71 .nl Jackson (7). Beck (101. Gomez HOI and 
l/jwworjna yy— J. Brantley, 2-V L —Beck, l- 1. 
HRs— Chid nnotl. R. Kelly !31. MHdidl (lit. 
Boone |4t. 

Totals 34-45 23-30 102 
3-PcJnt goels— Attanfa t-7 { Etac 1 -t. S -crocs 

James, umied States. 1994 Lota- Ford. 224.154 
man (30&464 uni): 7, Ntad Mansell. Engtana 
1994 Lota- Fora 224J)4! mph 1340402 kohl; 8. 



Spacxm^ or Sraan q talw efa - 
- to'ieat far 3 days or eve. ' ■ 
„„ bmeiJcta Bwerrobore . . 
TLrf Tot (33-1) 41 3S T« I# 

3T IS 133-1141351® 15 

I.S.WIIIisO-1 1.1. ■Ktoro 11-17 (Vi-ler^ Serf! 3-1 umrOr*. Nelhertonds. 19*4 Lota-llmor. 

BAcKey 2-LA. Devls T-l.WcrVmcr 1-1 Fem.rg SfaWSSTiaW* MM: *■ Marta Andretti. 

0-11. Foaled oaf— rune. Rcbaends— Atlcnta 29 221503 moh 

(Lang 81. Indiana !0 iMcKry.Smils J). Aulst- 
s— Alicnra 20 !9tayioc*. EMe. £*. lad'sn 3 
(Workman 4). Total Icota— amov‘ 3 27. Indiosg 
34. TecJmlort— incflono lllrgcl drtanse. 
Houston » 27 31 54—107 

Phoenix 29 3 23 20- 94 

Series Deg 2-2 

HOOStOT— Hcrry 4* ? : 12. Tlxrse W 2>4 Tl 
Otailiwon '4-255-1 3-.-towe:i J-1S i-’. 7. Smlt*> 
B-103-J II. Hcrrero 1-5 M2. Ccsso'i S- 1 * >0 r. 
Elie3-S "-7I*. JemD-IMl Tiicis4HT :>:t '-r. 

Phoenix— Berk ley 7-21 it. Ceae i lot 4 7 

7 9. W*5( MIJIK. Jcr-.-.s=r •j-’’ >r x. 

; 39416 Vaftl; 13. John Andretti. Untied Stares. 
19W Lota- Fora 221263 moh (259-230 taihl. 

-v .'U.Jyx ' 

: .^■gl=TrL-a5°rfj'.^^ 

If you enjoy reading Ihe 1HT 
when you Jrovei, why not 
also gel il d home ? 
Same-day delivery available 
in key U£. dries. 


Al perfumes S flrfts 'Duly free M the 
heed of Poro. Spoaol t E tco tmi r for 
US kimdi fomtrk Ae OAnr 50A. 
Saving of Mn. 2 bloda from T3pwo , 
next to the Ammon Express BonL 
FfiS OFT <m3i 6* od. Atarvfn. 94J0 
10 no Anfaer, Pen 9, Mate Opera. 

Sdt to fam joneht auAoritod, 
mraHWdM 7975 
in M0NHBJX, VhZmS, 
FraniSFr. 300(000 ta3J taw. 

52, MataMknl, CH-121T Geoevo 2 
Tel A 1 22-734 154a Fax 734 1220 


yu tfa in famahod (^xilncfdif 
resdeiriid vbo^ 3 montfv end iww. 

42 25 32 25 

« 63 37 09 

In DaoHderl Germany 
Red Group 

5 ogden j, Czech Reaabnc l: Petr Korda 
CretS!. Statan Edberg. Sweden, 6- 
7. W: Maonus Gustatasare Sweden, del. KcnH 

Coil U) 800 832 2884 

(in New Toth a£ 213 752 3«9Q| 





Molerta210M».*A.|ler«M:. VnnXM Novccrt. CrwJi RepuMie. 62. 7-5: Jen Aodl 


The Michael Jordan Watch 

Both more 000 200 MO-2 5 0 

Minnesota no 200 oo*— s 7 0 

Mover. ElCftaorn til and Hsiles. Tapani 
and Woibeck. W— Taaani. 3-2. L— Mover. 1-Z 
HR— Minnesota. McCc-tv ill 
Hew York 002 SCO * 10 — rl 17 1 

Milwaukee 900 Mi oao— 1 5 0 

Komlenfeckl. Mutton 1 9> .jnc LeyrJtz. Ha- 
varni. Kletar ( 4 ). Henrv '7., Fetters i9) and 
Harper. Mainer < (*, h — rximienMCk I. 3-0 
L— Navarro. M HP^— Her* Yory. .Vattma 1 1 
(3i. S. will tams 16). Boags ru. 

Oaktand l» SOI 30—4 IS 0 

Kansas City VX VK MO-1 1 3 

v=n Poaoei. Briscoe in- Mcrsmcn !J» Acre 
!»). Eenersiev i») and Me-nond. Grcyrpe' 
IVeocTtam I Si. Mawton!e : •') Bei'ndo '!» era 
Mactariane. Van PoooeV ' 4 L— Gronoer. 
0-1. Sv— Eck-rslcr (3) 

CBicaae 400 » W-» 14 : 

Tears 319 KK so 2-4 U 0 

Alvarez. McCnt*H! ••)■ Hernando: !9t ond 
Karkavier: Povirs. /iimes-d- **> c:;.er-'', 
Howell (9 1 end Radr'flvtA w — an otol 
V— P avlik. 0 . 1 . hp— CHicskm. jacyvjn 'Si 
.jetrOR 0M 000 Jtt- * 11 1 

CkrvetMd ret 2M SC*— 11 13 9 

Oonerrr, Server ISi.Orsom .s: HoPncmcn 
(7». j. Davis Hi one>/1er ana PloJwrir 
(7t. Noov. Fen (21. Plunk (J>. Vl««tal 1 t (91 
-**3 5 . Alomar ana Pena ' li. m— Most*. 3-1 
L — Doherty. *-3 HP— Clevetard Lottan U<. 
Belle 110/i Detroit. Bome Hi. KG<Cscr i7>. 
TetHeten tit. 

CnlHarnta *» OH 001— 5 13 0 

Seattle 102 *» IJi— 9 M I 

t/aarane. Lewis i St. Dewot <ti. 3u Itner 
(1) end C. Turner and Fooreoas !7»: p. jonr- 
son, Pislev (61. 7 . Dcr b !1).A rola 13 ) ana C 
wilwn. w— R. Jonmon. 3-1 L— Mogrone. 0-1 
Sv — a rale Ml. HP>- Seattle. Gr.ttev Jr. (:*». 
Blowers (2), Coirfemia. So'men ilt). 

SUNDAYS GAME: Jordar. «tn 0-tar-L 
While trying ta H old onlt, ho made an error in 
Ihe second inning mat cltawed a runner to go 
from second to mira In me Borens' *-J (ok to 
hw Memahu Chicks. 

SEASON TO CATE ; Jordan Is batting -46 
129-1181 ir. 32 gomes, wtm sir doubles, no h-i 
Mev ne home runs end >9 RB>. Menas stolen 10 
beses. He hes nine walks. 33 Fr:* touts and has 
scored nine rims. Me has 47 putauri one udSisl 
end taur errors. 

Sunday’s NHL Final 

9. Ainge 2-52-2 7, Mci^e 3-2 i>C □. ?c<o J9"Q= Sicrwnon. Sweden. deL 

Tctais 36- M 18-=: 94. Marti" Dernm. Czech Rewtailc, *-*■ 3-6. 

S-Potat 50 a (g-Hcostan 9-14 tSnrr >4 Spain I. Aoslraita *: sergl Brower a. Spam. 

Harr, j.j. E:i< M. C«M'1 1-2. WneT :-5. 2et WdH* Masvr. Ai nwraMe . 6-3. 7-6 !7-3> 
jent o-!|. Proenl* 6-w 'k. -cnrscri 21 vc- Blue Oroad 

ierta 2-r. 1-1 ?s-*vr - ! j. - M Uclted Stoics l. Rasta 0: Mich 

CeCcIlcs >»i. Fcoied 0«— Ns re. Rrsotme- 9ei Alerpnoer Voleav. 6-4. 7-5. 
c— HeusJsr 47 !Tt»;roe , 3«.P - x>cr , 4 sr Germiier l rr*« 0: Bernd I 

lev 14;. Assists— Hjustar U ■C.s'jwgr C.. 3e! Aroaud eaUScr. 2-0. 6-4. 6-2. 

PTHien.f 22 ,7- serriv 12 ■ TSta 1 fsoA 
v-Houswn^. Pnee". * 2 ‘ TrcftS'CTis — h :-.s- 

Isn .;.»ach Tcm: Trailer, zne.-zo. . 1^1 ■ • 

H5>z-ren i.idaql Seta"!* 1 ' ‘t- - ■’ — 

*ta» Ysra :* 17 54 :^-s: international friend 

Chicago 25 22 34 95 I:=sas 1. A.rrncnta 0 

Series ."es 2-2 isienfcis 1 3aycrn Munich 0 

New York— 1 Spanish first DiviSM 

EwngT- T44-C'! S'd-'SS- ’v-C :l _ 4r**c"*2- F:rg! srsaalngs: Barcetona and 
123-24. tAc£an w • j. Se—f M M oo»r. w ..- Zongca 

end Jgnas Biertman. Sweden. cM. Kcraa end FOOTBAU. WOOD CUP, USA M. . 

go dtm to ys ewaafab t= oS qocia . 1 
cccmrton zrrt fi-iat wepBettn, , 
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■VUcn pal*! K ?>-2 ?9510O« hi I 

K* JOGCWO 10VBB - tta a ihe 


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25 Av HodwratW fWtal -45611020 

Tefc (1)45 63 25 60 


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• 4 bedooi re, 3 re ckon rcoms. 
FF24D0Q. Cardod owret (hreah 

Uclted States I. Russia 0: Michael Cheng I ■^■ 3 ? 5I3 £^ 

ti Aievander Voleav. A4. 7 5. JUCOHOUCS ANONTMOUS Ena* 

Germcny L France *: Bernd FartxxJwr : Spwte’S. dreiy Id.- PACE 


New project wch nwSo <a Sroax 
aoarrmenh onUile. town new. 
ctewfcte offbe tsocf . u itre c i n e pres 

period lunn Sal tor *ee< IQOyads- 
row H)ilr M ft Kmii&ai ft*xe. 

ipKfane -ne-rri? da* Tel- P4BS 

IT *.> 4 53 (S PCMi AT? : 25. 

Fv»'8tFL5T SV62e5 

dntHtte arae socr. u tre on e pres 
Further aetato Xta ftodomee ■ SEMI. 
9 are rfOannde . MC 98OJ0Monxa 
TeUMJ 921*9000 

Soperb period htock wiih porter. ED, 
taxtoonmy fwndhed tying room. 2 
double tedroone, 2 bnihs, (uBy 
«q«PP«d Udw. Mewl)' Acwoted & 
eaiNtad aw*Ne now. €SQD»'wfc 
ik 6 inocnhi. TeL 44 71 486 57417 
Fax: 44 71 4B6 (W). Ascol Ptapertfa. 

74 CHAMPS arsffi 


R» 1 w« OR MOKE high dm 
di*So, 2 or irons g gs t w er ta . RJLLY 
Tab (1} 44 13 33 33 


dwoper Own 


V-.tae Srcws I. A.rmcnta 0 , 1 

laicmbig 2. 3avcrn Munich 0 1 


r:,*3l ^readings: 9oraftanq anO Desertiro ( 
it _3 Ccr.-w 56 aoh-*'.: Zaragcw. 46 ■ Rea ! 

2 76-1 S.H. All;, ojj:s J 2::;r~s?z -13-v <j. ayiIRiZ Silica <5 Srv’V* C ’ J 

New Jersey I 0 2 3 I— 4 

N.T. Rangers I 7 t s »-3 

New Wrw* leads sertas 1-9 
First Perad— i.ttrw rerk-lusovt tMJAn- 
*ie»i. J; 39.1 New Jersrr. vcc Lean » • 4 .Bet n. 
Driven. 16.1* PenattiM— None 
Second Period— 3, Hew far*. me.-. rx.-. ! 

'O-SeM. Noonan). I? SO. Ponotacs— N.Dtaiik 
pjj f nock Uta 1.2:34: PHaav. NJ ihoHbngi. J. X. 
Ricwr. NJ (rMSMngi.7.5a; Lowe. NY irsuon- 
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The American Sweater 

W ASHINGTON— I was in a 
deoanmenl store the other 


W department store the other 
day when I came across something 
amazing. { found a mens lamb's- 
wool sweater with a label that read 
“Made in the USA.” I called over 
the sales clerk and said. “What are 
you doing selling an American 
sweater in an American depart- 
ment store?" 

He responded: “There must be 
some mistake. We sell Chinese 
sweaters. Ma- 
laysian sweaters. 

Polish sweaters 
and Hong Kong 
sweaters, but we >. 
don't carry- 

sweaters made 
in this country.” 

“Look.” ’ 1 
pointed out. 

“the label 

couldn't be 
clearer." Budwald 

‘TO call the manager." he said 
nervously. In a minute the manager 
came sprinting over. The sales clerk 
showed him the sweater. After 
carefully examining it, he said. 
“This has to be a shipping mistake. 
We haven’t had any ‘Made in the 
USA’ sweaters in 10 years.” 


“1 think it’s a beautiful sweater ” 
1 told him. “May / buy it?” 

“1 don’t have the authority to sell 
any American goods in this depart- 
ment. We handle European clothes. 
Mexican clothes, shim from the 
Dominican Republic and socks im- 

ported from Costa Rica. This 
sweater is so unusual that it could 
be classified as a collector's item. 1 
think 1 may put it in our display- 
window on the Fourth of July." 

“Since I found il. 1 believe that I 
should be the one to buy iL“ 

“J have to call headquarters be- 
fore 1 can sell il." He went to ihe 
phone to call his New York office. I 
listened to the conversation. 


By Joan Duponi 

fntemutivnal Herald Tribune 

ANNES — Ai the end of “U Reine 

C ANNES — Ai the end of “U Reine 
Maigoi.” Isabelle Adjani is seated in 
a horse-drawn carriage, hei lover’s severed 
head on her Jap. and on her lips, a slight 
tomorrow-is-another-dav smile. The man 
who put it there. Patrice Chereau. is seated 
in a cool, anon v mo us hotel room, looking 

as if the sun had never lighted his world. 
Dulling on his knuckles. The director has 

pulling on his knuckles. The director h 


NEA Gives Grants 
Of $78 Million 

The Associated Press 


W ASH1NGTON — The Na- 
tional Endowment for the 
Arts has announced $78 million in 
grants across the United States, 
from symphonies to dance compa- 
nies to film preservation groups. 

All the ^ants, except those to 
individuals, require a match of at 
least SI for every federal dollar 
granted, which officials expect will 
help raise about S500 million in 
matching funds for the arts. 

Visual artists, musical festivals, 
opera and musical theater compa- 
nies, folk arts, literary publishing, 
community groups and museums 
were also recipients. 

“You’re not going to believe 
this but a customer found a 'Made 
in the USA’ sweater in the men's 
deparimeni. ... I don’t know- 
how the hell it got there, but I'm 
not taking responsibility for sell- 
ing it in the same bin with those 
that just came in from Icelan- 
d. . . . Yes. it looks great and 
just as good as the ones from Chi- 
na. I think that the American 
sweater makers are beginning to 
get the hang of it . . . You want 
me to send it up to New York to 
show our buyers? . . . Will do." 

He hung up and said to me. 
“They want to lake a look ai it in 
New York. Most of our people 
have never seen clothing made in 
the USA before.’’ 

J protested. “It was on sale and 
since I found it I feel that I am 
entitled to buy it. 1 have sweaters 
from all over the world but this one 
is unique and I’d like to add it to 
my collection. If you don’t want a 
lawsuit on your hands you had bet- 
ter hand it over." 

The word “lawsuit” made him 
uneasy and he started to fold the 
sweater, constantly checking die la- 
bel (o make sure that fus eyes 
weren't deceiving him. 


“May I see your driver’s h- 
ceose?' 5 he asked.* 

“What for?" 

“I’m not going to sell an Ameri- 
can-made sweater to just any- 

I handed over my license. 

*T don't think you'll find another 
one like this in the city.” he told me 

the grueling task of promoting — ihe 
French call it, defending — his film, five 
years in the making. A chesty man. he has 
an athletic way of taking on ihe job. 
throwing himself into the' fray. 

Launched by the festival gala and ex- 
traordinary media buzz, “La Reine Mar- 
got” is attracting crowds in France, but 
Cannes is also a market and ihe film's 
iniernaiiona) career takes oif here, u-hich 
is why Chereau and all the cast — wiih ihe 
exception of Adjani — have been going to 
bat overtime, especially for the finicky 
American audience here. “Bloody 'Mar- 
got' Fails to Fascinate.” the headline of 
Variety’s review, was a cruel cut “It’s a 
mystery to me." Chereau says, looking 
pained^ “Too much blood! There’s much 
more in American movies! But perhaps it 
is less believable; that might be the prob- 

Blood and poison flowed freely id 
Q ueen Margot’s court and the director 
doesn't deny that the royal family under 
the thumb of Catherine de' Medici be- 
haved like mafiosi, and if his imagery was 
influenced by Rembrandt and Zurbarin. 
he got an idea or two from Visconti's “The 
Damned,” Coppola's “The Godfather" 
and Scorsese's “GoodFellas." "I wanted 
to show die madness of those times — a 
tragically contemporary period —and the 
horror of the Saint Bartholomew Massa- 
cre." he says. 

The movie, produced by Claude Bern 
and written with Daniile Thompson, and 
loosely based on .Alexandre Dumas's 
book, was designed from the start to be a 

says. **i wanted an ambitious narration 
because I felt that 1 could take it on. 
wrestle with it. ‘La Reine Margot remind- 
ed me of thing? Tve date on stage. 

The treatment look six months to do. 
“The crux of ihe problem was right there 
— a huge, costly production, dozens of 

Chereau during the filming of “La Reine Margot.'* 

flamboyant production: “My pleasure was 
dose to the pleasure 1 got when I staged 
the ’Ring’ in BayTeuth.” The pan of Queen 
Margot was written for Adjani: "One of 
the most intelligent actresses 1 know, she 
knows how io read a script." 

He designed the part to show Margot’s 
transformation after the horrors of the 
massacre. “In the novel, she's just a wom- 
an in love who lives a great romance in the 
midst of havoc. In the movie, she changes, 
switching from arrogance to compassion 
— it*s that inner journey that interested 

“J think you're right. Disccver- 
: a ‘Made in the USA* product in 

ing a ‘Made in the USA' product in 
a store is a once-in-a-lifetime 

“Don’t you want to try it on?” he 

“No. I'm going to put it in a safe 
deposit box for my grandchild. I 
want him to have pan of this coun- 
try’s history.” 

A man who lives at a high pilch, Cher- 
cau was named director or the Theatre des 
Amandiers in Nanierre in 1982; he left in 
1990 to work on “Margot.” In his long, 
prestigious career, he has staged Moliere. 
Shakespeare. Ibsen. Chekhov-. Genet. 
Botho Strauss and Bernard-Marie Koties. 
He has also acted, in Andrzej Wajda's 
“Damon," Youssef Qiahine’s “Adieu Bo- 
naparte,” and recently as a French general 
in Michael Mann’s “The Last of the Mohi- 
cans,” a fond memory. 

“There are directors who hardly speak; 
1 speak too much. When I played in ‘The 
Last of the Mohicans.’ Michael Mann nev- 
er gave me any directions. One day he said, 
you know. Patrice. . . I said what? I 
thought, what's he going to tell me? He 
said, Hmm . . . You know what I mean? 
. . . Less is more, you know Mies van der 
Rohe? And I understood that my face 
looked too animated in the closeup. 

“I talk too much because I know you 
have to find the word that sparks some- 
thing. that vibrates in the actor’s head. 1 
found one or two key words during re- 
hearsals with Isabelle. When we started 
shooting, she was suspicious." 

He finds it normal that an actor or an 
actress should be suspicious of the director 
— “an actress can be ruined by the direc- 
tor. like when somebody has a bad experi- 
ence making love; after, you don't want to 
do it a gain , no? So 1 have to show the 
actors fm not their enemy, because if 
they’re comfortable, it’s good for me: The 
better they axe. the beuer I am.” 

The queen is at the center of the movie, 
he points out. but she’s not all of the 
movie; the others count too. TsabeUe 
could have wanted more of a part, but the 
other roles were important too. In France, 
when a star like Isabelle. Catherine Den- 
euve or Depardieu is on screen — you see 
only them, and there’s nobody around 
them. But I love the big American movies 
like Capra’s ‘It’s a Wonderful life,’ or 
Lubiiscn s The Shop Around the Comeri 
— all the supporting pans are important. 
It's a tradition that comes from the the- 
ater, but it’s not a French tradition. I tried 
to have ensemble acting in my movie and 
make parts, like the hangman, a real char- 

— a huge, costly production, dozens of 
characters, plots and over 1,000 paps. 
Then DaniHe and 1 read it to Isabelle. 

Thompson was vital to the project, even 
though she and Chfcreau come from dia- 
metrically imposed worlds. “In Fnpp 6 - 
there are Hans, and Dantcle was light- 
years removed from my worii” be says, 
Thompson, the daughter of the director 
Gerard Oury, has written some of her 

father’s hit comedies. „ 

“I have a problem writing a script. 

Chfcreau says. “I need a 
bodv who can rewrite too. In Hollywoou 
square fwrrttten — naaybe too much; 
think a script has to change, grow and 
transform; it’s living matter, a tool. 

He knew Thompson as a friend and 
thought a collaboration might work, ‘ w I 
was afraid mv friends would be horrified 
by my choice so I went to see ber on the 
slv. I hadn’t seen many of her movies, but I 
liked who she was.” 

The production broke down several 
times along the way. It was difficult to find 
money, and at one point Adjani disap- 
peared. “You couldn't find her any- 
where.” Chereau says. 

The director and his partners took many 
liberties with Dumas’s novel. “I wanted to 
keep the essen tials , but the film had to 

lo&twood and Deneuve-, 

■ Vjoesco named Cfc* Essrirootf 
anti Catherine Deoewe on Mofr 
dar to spearhead its campaign to 
protecl lire world’s film heritage. 
Federico May Wi the P«sideat of. 
the United Nate Educational, 
Sden^c-aud Culwral Or^noar; 
Oon, M, “Three qnartOT ^ the 

before ISsO haw already, dts?^ 

where Eas§&od and 
jury presnflmt and y Ks: pres 

named com*H»d« 

Arts and Lcl 
decoration fr 

Jacques Toob 



Samao *«&&&!* 


ture on Monda^K^ 
ty at the CukmjK^ ^ 

ihe prize m 1 
was kept secret 
authorities said they cfegf 
sure the author’s securi^g^; “ 
na. He has been in hidwgm£, 
was condemned to death m fift® 
Ayatollah RnboBah KhomAP 
Iran for alleged blasphemy in-’ 
Satanic Verses.” 

□ _ ^ 

The Mexican writer Golds' 
tes has received Spain's Ponce. 
Asturias Prize for Iiteratfcfe Jy». 
“the defense in his work trfirecdoTn 

have its own style," he says. Hannco 
Mann’s “Henri IV” was also an influence: 
“The incredible thing was that Mann was 
fascinated by Henri de Navarre and the 
wars of religion.” _ _ . ... 

The director, who is 49, had a Jesuit 
education: “It’s more than just a Catholic 
education. The massacre of the ProtM- 
tants by the Catholics was never explained 
or regretted, lt’sfike the Algerian Ww, like 
the Occupation, and the Jews under Vichy. 
It took 5u years to prosecute Touvier, that 
poor imbecile. It took me a long time to 
understand: I was 16 and in high school 
during the Algerian War.” 

The son of artists, he draws, but theater 

As tunas rnze lor uwramre t w 
“ihe def casein his work af&eedmti-, 
of imagination and of.*- 

thought” .v ’ 

a . 

When you ask Chereau why be wanted 
to make a big-budget crowd-pleaser. he 

was therapy for me because I was closed 
tight, like a clam, you couldn't get a knife 
in there, nothing. Theater opened me up.” 

This summer he’s staging “Don Gio- 
vanni,” conducted by Dania Barenboim, 
at Salzburg. “It’s going to be my last 
opera. I’m sick of opera; I prefer to create. 
I can make five more movies by the time 
Fm 70. 1 don't want to redo what 1 did 
before. 1 want to go faster.” 

Older, and richer The 1 ftoUBf - 
Stones sold out two shows in Glams 
Stadium in the New Yak k 
just 81 minutes. That's a rate of 
1,407 tickets every 60 seconds fa 
their “Voodoo Lounge” tourC Aftet 
selling out shows for Aug. 12 and 14, 
the Stones added a show on Aug lS. 

Prince Pirifip was throws fttinta 
horse-drawn carriage be was driv- 
ing in a cross-country race, but re- 
covered to cross the finish foetal 
The husband of Queen Bteabe&If 
was covered in mud but unhurt, 
witnesses said. 



Appears on Pages 13 & 17 V 













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27/80 14/57 pc 

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Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

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North America 



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lon. D.C.. win have 2ry. cod 
awattw' tato Ihl6 week. East 
Coast cW«s l com Now Yortt 
to Boslon wii be windy wtm 
b passing shower or two. 
Showers and cool weather 
will Invade San Francisco 
and Los Angetes. Very warm 
weather win envelop Dallas 
and Bismarck. 


Soaiheasi Eu/opb trom 
Athens ‘.o Bucharest and 

Istanbul will nave sunny, 
warn weather law this week. 

wam weather law this week. 
Central and western Europe 
will have noar- or beiow-nor- 
mal te/nperaturos later this 
week along with scattered 
rains. London to Parts and 
Franktun will have mainly 
dry. seasonable weather 


Tokyo will nave sunny, 
warmer weather (are (h's 
week. Chilly wcalho/ will 
plunge southward into north- 
eastern China and nonham 
Korea late this weak Beijing 
and Shanghai will be aimny 
and warm. Hong Kong and 
Singapore will be very warm 
and humid wKh scattered 


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1 On the 

(vary angry) 
a For ihe 
I* November 

ie Savannah’s 

17 ‘Evil Ways' 

18 Bar memoers 
is Dynamite's kin 

2S Pope's 'An- 
on Man' 

23 way 

23 Murals and the 

2fi Free-tor-all 
09 Play callers 
3*. Ill-fated sibling 

*3 Put on a 
X Ark builder 
3? Singer Fslana 
33 String player 
d* 'Hop to III' 

42 Cancer's 

43 Reds' Rose 

43 * A-one and 

Solution to Puzzle of May 16 

North America 

Middle East 

Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

High Law W High Low W 











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dcudy. c-doucy. sn-showen. t-tnundenaornw. r-rtin. sl-wwltuntea. 

AH mops, (oreca s ts and data provided by Aceu-Weatlw. Inc. Z 1994 

Son Frm 

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soaa ai3E3 □□□□ 
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□qq uaauG uuacjs 

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40 TY pitchman 

4# "A Christmas 
Carol' boy 
81 Student ol 

S3 Edinburgh 




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for short 

30 Evangeline, e.g. 
ea Last-place 
finisher, so It’s 

88 Unyielding 
as Fence In 
07 Reneges 
as Quotes poetry 

1 Frontlerwerd 
• Chaster Arthur’s 
middle name 
3 Monthly due 
4%: Abbr. 

8 toss for 


■ Belief 

7 Edith * HoBy 

■ Hideous 

• Black-eyed one, 

10 Farmer. In the 

11 Billy + Lucille 

12 'Rock of ’ 

is Italian bread 
14 Word before 

come and go 
si Carter 
lest -driving 

23 Alexander + 

24 Abominable 

as Tennis’s Arthur 
22 Islamic center 
27 Bring to t)eer 
2i Stevsn Bochco 
TV drama 
90 Patil + Lana 
aa Boxing matches 

33 Borden bovine 

34 Instructions to 

•• Lunch meat 
4* "Star Trek" 
4* Record 
SO Basketball's 

■2 ’Common 
Sense* author 



•3 ’Sslnt Joan* 

84 Animal docs 

84 Sign over 

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move . | ^ 
88 Senate votes’ . 
•1 SSWa revenj 
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maafaf'twwyewM * 

o New York Times Edited by Will Shorn. 

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8*141 11 















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Liechtenstein* 155-00-11 

Lithuania* 8*196 

Uaemboure ~~ “ 0-800-0111' 

Macettonia, F.Y.R. of 99-800-4288 
■\Liitj- i^yy-mo^no 

Monaco* 19*-0011 

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Norway 8OO-I9O-1; 

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