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In Hungary, 
The Socialists 
Return, but 
Which Ones? 

By David B. Ottaway 

Washington Pan Service 

BUDAPEST The three slightly sheepish 
Sooalttt Party officials sat at a table m the local 
office here sipping coffee and disc ussing with a 
reporter the strange turn of events in their land 
— - the return of socialists to power in the midst 
of a national drive to create a free-cnicrprise 
economy. 

“IVs a great problem,” said Gyula Horvath, a 
self-employed handyman. “Workers are not 
members of the party any longer. It seems it is 
the task of the Socialist Party that we have to 
create capitalists now." 

AcoDeagne, Josef Kalapacs, the party’s local 
campaign chief, is one prime example. A former 
highly skilled worker in the now defunct Csqpel 
sled and iron works complex here, Mr. Kma- 
pacs is now a shareholder in a struggling pipe- 
making enterprise spun off from the old parent 
state company. 

“We have reached the stage where people are 
forced to become entrepreneurs,” he said. 
“There are now more entrepreneurs employing 
one or two people in (he party than workers.” 

Since the faU of the old Communist regime in 
1990, the sprawling Csepd complex, once Bu- 
dapest's biggest industrial stare enterprise, with 
36,000 workers, has been cannibalized by for- 
eign investors and local entrepreneurs who 
have created 97 small enterprises providing 
jobs to only 6,000 people. 

Tamas Huszar, another former Csepd em- 
ployee, is another new Hungarian entrepre- 
neur. He has set up his own construction com- 
pany budding school sports halls around 
Budapest. He has also switched allegiance from 
the old-style Communist Workers Party to the 
reformed Socialists. 


Paris, Tuesday, May 31, 1994 


His greatest hope and expectation of the 

3 is that it win improve the difficult lot of 
entrepreneurs by making it easier to ob- 
tain bank loans and reducing the S3 percent 
health insurance tax he must pay for each 
worker. 

“I want a stable economy, more credits for 
entrepreneurs, lower interest rates on loans, 
and tax relief,” he said, explaining all the finan- 
cial problems facing his company that employs 
IS full- time people. 

It is difficult to imagine what Kari Marx, the 
19th-centuryidedogicalgrandniastCTof social- 
ism, would say if he were stive today listening 
to these three “socialists^ Talking about- their 
complaints and their capitalist aispirations.. • . 

AU three reacHy agreed, for example, that the 
state “should gfitopt afthe economy;" although 
they had different views as to jutthow fast this 
should happen and what residual role it should 
play. 

Their views reflect one of the many strange 
paradoxes d modenbday. Eastern Europe, 
namely that an important and growing constit- 
uency of the former Communist parties is a 
budding entrepreneurial class whose interests 
are far from those of the once beloved proletari- 
at 

The Hungarian Socialist Tarty, - which is 
about to form Hungary’s next government, 
consists of a veritable hodgepodge of conflict- 
ing interest groups- There are uhrefonnod old 
Communist apparatchiks, labor onion leaders, 
reformed social democrats, struggling small en- 
trepreneurs and the new class of big capitalist 
“red barons” bom of the oM party elite. .... 

But l eadh ig the flood of roughly 1-5 million 
new voters for the Socialist Party on Sunday, 
according to Robert Maocfain of the Hungarian 
Gallup polling company, are Hungarians from 

See HUNGARY, Page 8 


Kiosk 

Israeli Reservist 
KffledinOash 

JERUSALEM (NYT) — An Israeli 
Army reservist was killed daring a dash 
with Palestinian gunmen on the border 

between the Gaza Strip and Israel but he 
may have been shot aoddentally by anoth- 
er soldier, the army said Monday. 

The army also began releasing several 
hundred Palestinian prisoners as part- w 
the’ agreement between Israel and the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organization on sen-rule 

in Gaza and the West Bank town of Icn- 

cbo. . _ 


iusaiwuue 7 t 

of control for the Palestinian ponce force, 
which has taken over responsibility for 
security in much of the the Gaza Strip 
since an Israeli pullback there two weeks 

Related article, Page 5 



A hungry family of Tutsi refugees waiting for food to be distributed at Kabgayi camp, as thousands of displaced people continued to swarm in the area near the border with Burundi. 

How Serbs Have Managed to Beat the Embargo 


By Roger Cohen 

New York Times Service 

BELGRADE — With hyperinflation overcome, new bou- 
tiques overflowing with Italian shoes and American jeans, 
food abundant and industry showing a modest recovery, 
Serbia today suggests that a long trade embargo stimulates 
ever more sophisticated ruses to circumvent it 
At a time when the United Nations has tightened sanctions 
on Haiti in an attempt lo dislodge its military rulers. Piestden t 
Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia appears stranger than ever two 
years after the imposition of draconian trade sanctions. 

Mr. Milosevic, who is widdy seen as the orchestrator of the 
militant Serbian nationalism that has unfurled across Bosnia, 
was never explicitly targeted by the sanctions imposed on 
May 30, 1992. But U.S. officials have made little secret of the 
fact that they would not have rued bis falL 
The embargo has cost the rump Yugoslav state of Serbia 
and Montenegro tens of bQBcns of dollars. Since it was 


imposed, economic output has dropped by half and the 
suicide rate has increasea by 22 percent. Moreover, it induced 
a monthly inflation rate of over 300 million percent by last 
December, plunging the nation into economic chaos. 

But it now seems more an irritant than a threat. 

The 74-year-old economist responsible for this shift and the 
soaring popularity of Mr. Milosevic may be found every 
evening at 6:1 5 in the aperitif bar of the central Hotel Moskva. 
The economist, Dragoslav Avramovic, who worked 24 years 
at the World Bank in Washington, is now such a hero that the 
currency he introduced in January is widely known as the 
Avram. 

In fact, the currency is the new dinar and its exchange rate 
of par with the German mark has held steady since its 
appearance on Jam 24, resulting in great affection for it 
among people whose former salaries of millions, even billions, 
of old dinars had become virtually worthless. 

Since January, inflation has been close to zero. Goods have 
reappeared in stores. State television now dwells on businesses 


rather than war, and the mood, while scarcely euphoric, has 
inched away from the dazed but defiant despair of December. 

“We have turned the corner,” Mr. Avramovic, now the 
governor of the National Bank of Yugoslavia, stud with a 
gleam in his eye. “The currency is steady, we have achieved 
agricultural independence, and industrial production is up 40 
percent since the end of last year. We hope sanctions wil] be 
lifted, because all they do is create enemies. But our program 
is sustainable whatever happens.” 

Thai claim appears questionable. With no access to foreign 
loans or finance, and business in foreign markets confined to 
ilKcii if expanding transactions, there may be a limit to how 
long Mr. Avramovic can prevent the government from paying 
its bills by printing money and so igniting inflation. 

“Hand-currency reserves are not sufficient, production can- 
not achieve sustained expansion under an embargo, and so the 
budget deficit must grow by the end of the year, leading to 

See BELGRADE, Page 4 


Forget the Idea of Women Priests, Pope Tells Catholics 


By Alan Cowell 

New York Times Service 

ROME — Pope John Paul U told the world's 
Roman Catholics on Monday to abandon any 
thooghl of the ordination of women as priests, 
saying that the issue was not open to debate and 
. that his views most be “definitively held by all 
the church’s faithful." 


formal statement of infallible doctrine, his par- 
ticularly severe and authoritative tones in a 
letter to bishops suggested that he was seeking 


to remove the idea of women priests from the 
Catholic agenda for decades to come. 

Coming only three days after the Vatican 
unvoted the English translation of its new uni- 
versal catechism with gender-inclusive lan- 
guage excised, moreover, the statement seemed 
certain to reinforce the impression of a pro- 
foundly conservative papacy wary of any femi- 
nist intrusion. 

“Although the teaching that priestly ordina- 
tion is to be reserved to men alone has been 
preserved by the constant and universal uadi- 


lion of the church and firmly taught by the 
magjsteriiun in its more recent documents.” the 
letter said, “at tbe present time in some places it 
is nonetheless considered still open to debate, 
or the church’s judgment that women are not to 
be admitted lo ordination is considered to have 
a merely disciplinary force." 

“Wherefore, in order that all doubt may be 
removed regarding a matter of great impor- 
tance; a matter which pertains to the church's 
divine constitution itself,” it said, “in virtue of 
my minis try of confirming the brethren I de- 


dare that the church has no authority whatso- 
ever to confer priestly ordination on women 
and that this judgment is to be definitively held 
by all the church's faithful” 

The apostolic letter was entitled “On Reserv- 
ing Priestly Ordination to Men Alone." 

Tbe Vatican says the priesthood should be 
reserved for men on the scriptural grounds that 
Jesus chose only men as his apostles. 

“The church has always acknowledged as a 
perennial norm her Lord's way of acting in 

See POPE, Page 8 


EzraThftBenisonDies 

SALT LAKE 1 CITY (AT) — Ezm Taft 

Return of Nazi Documents to Germany: A Milestone (and Doubts) 

pnSdratrf Church. nn * aic ,n i>«iUKIU xfm aT ilia aM ra.NHil ikal SF il •»', J— *, iinn - I I ,:..J .1 J i_ _ 



France Wants Core of Members 
To Pursue Selected EU Goals 


By Tom Buerkle 

Internal tonal Herald TnNme 

BRUSSELS — France reopened a debate 
over the future of the European Union on 
Monday by calling for a “new founding con- 
tract” that would allow a hard core among the 
12 member countries to pursue a tingle curren- 
cy and common defense and immigration poli- 
cies without hindrance from skeptical nations 
like Britain. 

The initiative by Alain Lamassoure, France's 
minister for European affairs, came as French 
leaden sat down with their German counter- 
parts in Mulhouse, France, to forge a common 
agenda/or the year beginning July 1, when first 
Bonn and then Paris will hold the rotating 
presidency. 

Mr. Lamassoure’s appeal assured that efforts 
to maintain (he Union's cohesiveness as the 
bloc expands to the north and east will domi- 
nate the confederation in the coming year, 
despite the preference of many states after the 


painful ratification of the Maastricht treaty late 
last year to avoid such divisive issues until an 
micrgoveramenial conference in 1996. 

French officials fear that tbe planned entry 
of Sweden, Finland, Norway and Austria next 
year will reinforce tbe efforts of Britain and 
Denmark to limit ihe Union to little more than 
a free-trade area. 

Germany has worked closely with France on 
institutional reform in recent months but has 
tended to stress matters of operational efficien- 
cy, such as voting weights among the 12. Such 
reforms would enable the Union to continue to 
act effectively as it takes on new members in 
Eastern Europe, which is Bonn’s fundamental 
arm 

In contrast, Mr. Lamassoure’s proposal, 
made in an article in Le Monde Monday, would 
make the future membership of Poland, Hun- 
gary and other East Europe countries condi- 

See EUROPE, Page 8 


No. 34,602 

Army Holds 
Truce Talks 
With Rebels 
In Rwanda 

Agreement in Principle 
On Cease-Fire, but Issue 
Of Massacres Remains 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 
KIGALI, Rwanda — Rebel and government 
army representatives met for the first time on 
Monday for talks on a United Nations truce 
proposal to halt violence in Rwanda in which 
hundreds of thousands of people have been 
slaughtered 

The two sides agreed to the principle of a 
cease-fire, but the rebels said they wanted to 
discuss issues relating to mass killings at anoth- 
er meeting this week, participants at the talks 
said 

“The main goal of the talks is to arrive at a 
cease-fire to improve conditions for tbe Rwan- 
dan people ana allow aid to reach them,” said 
Brigadier General Marcel Gatsinzi, who is 
heading tbe government ride. 

“I have no option but to believe in the good- 
will of the RPF,” he added, referring to the 
Rwanda Patriotic Front insurgents. 

The rebel delegation said it wanted the gov- 
ernment army to say at further talks on Thurs- 
day what it would do about massacres, mainly 
of Tutsi s, widdy blamed on the army and Hum 

wiiliiiac 

The United Nations, meanwhile, said Mon- 
day that it was cheeking reports from aid agen- 
cies that 500 people had been massacred two 
days ago at a refugee camp south of Kigali 
“I am alarmed by reports just received that 
massacres occurred in Kabgayi two days ago, 
500 people were murdered,” a UN official said. 
“We are trying to verify these reports.” 

Abdul Kabia, executive director of tbe UN 
Assistance Mission, said, "If they are true, we 
condemn these atrocities and call on both par- 
ties to protect refugees behind their liras.” 

UN officers warned earlier on Monday that 
they feared government troops and ntititiamen 
fleeing Kigali would massacre tivffians. 

Aid officials estimate that 500,000 people 
have been killed since the violence began. More 
than 1.5 million are homeless. 

Most of the dead were minority Tutsis and 
Hutu opponents of the government. They were 
slaughtered by the Hutu presidential guard, 
some military units and cmHan gangs. 

Rebel negotiators are also demanding a reply 
to their demand for the closure of the extremist 
Hum radio RTLM, which has incited the mass 
killings and which again on Monday urged 
people to take up traditional arms against the 
smaller Tutsi tribe. 

These issues and details of a draft cease-fire 
proposed by the UN Assistance Mission, dis- 
cussed at UN headquarters in Kigali, could 
then be worked out, rebels said. 

As the representatives of rebel and govern- 
ment armies met, gunfire echoed through Kiga- 
li where the guerrillas have gained the upper 
hand. The rebels were reported Monday to have 
cut off the army’s last avenue of retreat from 
the capital Most of the fighting was concen- 
trated around Gadhafi Corner, a key intersec- 
tion on the west side of Kigali that controls tbe 
access to the highway to (Ktarama. seat of the 

interim government. 

The advance by the Ttitst-dominated rebels 
has sail about 500,000 Hutus fleeing the city in 
fear. They are now cm off near Gitarama, the 
international Committee of the Red Cross said 
on Monday. __ 

“It’s become extremely serious,” Tony Bur- 
gener, a Red Cross spokesman, said in Geneva. 
“It's very difficult for aid agencies lo ccnpe with 
this sort of situation. They have little food or 
water and the medical situation is very serious.” 

Gitarama, 40 kilometers (25 miles) south of 
the capital was the town to which the self- 
appointed interim government fled as rebels 
dosed in on Kigali 

Rebel troops are also advancing on Gitar- 
ama, and many members of (he government 
moved on again Saturday to the western town 
of Kibuye, on the shores of Lake Kivu faring 
eastern Zaire. 

On Monday, rebel radio said the guerrillas 
had captured Nyanza camp close to Gitarama. 
Tbe faD of Gitarama would bring the rebels 
closer to ihrir goal of a victory and would mark 
a major defeat for the Hutu militants. 

Tbe talks in Kigali started at 10.30 A.M., 
with Colonel Frank Mugambage leading the 
Rwanda Patriotic Front side. The rebels say. 
they will talk with the military but not the 
government, which the RPF does not recognize. 

UN sauces said that after three hocus, the 
two sides agreed to resume evacuation of civil- 
ians trapped behind from lines in tbe capital a 
day after the operation was suspended because 
Of security problems. 

“The evacuations have resumed and hun- 
dreds of civilians have already beat ferried 
across the front lines," a UN soiree said. 

{Reuters, AP, WP) 


Book Review 
Chess . 
Crossword 


Page 7. 
page 7. 
Page 16. 


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Lebanon ...US* 1.50 U:S. Mil (Eur.) SI. 10 


By Rick Atkinson 

Washington Past Service 

BERLIN— More than 100 times a minufc 50.000 times a 
day, a camera shutter dicks in a windowless basement in 
southwest Berlin, capturing on each frame a fragment of 
Germany’s grim past 

Thirteen camera operators labor throughout the day on 
what soffit here say maybe the most ambitious microfilming 
project ever undertaken: the duplication of 75 million pages 
of Nazi personnel documents stored in a former Gestapo 
eavesdropping post now known as the Berlin Document 
Center. 

The nucrafilmers wofk swiftly because on July 1 rheU-S. 

M. ' WV - *< Jj, d. MlCtnAw rtf 


nal documents to tbe German government. T be duplicates 
— 8 maBon feet of film on 38,000 rolls — will be flown to 
Washington tins summer and deposited in the National 
Archives: The Justice Department keeps the right to unre- 
stricted access to the origmal files. 


prosaic lo the sinister Heinrich Himmler's expense ac- 
counts; Nazi Party membership card No. 899,895, belonging 
to Adolf Ekhmann; Josef Mengdes dental records and 
membership sheet in the Nazi Physicians Professional Asso- 
ciation, and Hermann Gdring’s suicide notes, scribbled 
before he swallowed cyanide in 1946. 

Among the old files with contemporary relevance is that 
of Erich Priebke, a former SS captain now awaiting extradi- 
tion in Argentina on charges of helping to murder 335 
Italians in Rome's Ad realine Caves in 1944. 

Returning the original documents to German custody is 
another miles tone in the restoration or German sovereignty 
after a half-century of Allied occupation. But the proposed 
transfer has met resistance. Historians. Jewish groups and 
Nazi hunters have biuerly objected to the State Depart- 
ment's plan. They complain that restrictive German privacy 
laws wul hamper access to the original documents, that the 
National Archives duplicates will not be available for at 
least two years and that surrendering the files is morally 
wrong. 


Tm reminded of the old saying that if it ain't broke, don't 
fix it,” said Elan Steinberg, executive director of tbe World 
Jewish Congress, in a phone interview from New York. “The 
Berlin Document Center ain't broke right now, and I don't 
know why we’re trying to fix it." 

Representative Tom Lantos, Democrat of California, who 
led hearings on tile document center last month, has threat- 
ened a full debate in Congress “on Germany’s Nazi past" 
unless Bonn and the Slate Department resolve the contro- 
versy. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Foreign Minister Klaus 
Kinkel recently promised Jewish leaders that roles govern- 
ing access to the original documents would remain in line 
with U.S. regulations until the National Archives duplicates 
are ready for viewing, U.S. Embassy officials in Bonn are 
trying to hammer out the details. 

“This is something that has been negotiated over quite a 
long period of time and has been reviewed from every angle 
that I can imagine," said Dan Hamilton, policy adviser to 
Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. ambassador to Germany. 


“When concerns have been raised, they’ve been reviewed 
again." 

Donald Kobietz, tbe State Department’s lawyer in Berlin 
in tbe 1 980s and now a private attorney here, stud: “Can you 
tell a sovereign government, one of your closest allies that 


uimj onu * uiw gbiuug uuuuuLui Lvuiub paid iOT 

by the German government? I would consider n a gratuitous 
irritation to our relationship that really isn't warranted.” 

Many of the files were seized by Allied hoops driving 
across Germany — such as some 10.7 million Nazi Party 
membership cards impounded by American soldiers at a 
Bavarian paper mill as the SS prepared to reduce them to 
puljx The cards provided useful evidence for prosecutors at 
the German War Crimes tribunal in Nurembui^ 

Since then, tbe archives have proved invaluable for histo- 
rians scrotmiang the Third Reich, for German officials 
sorting out immigration requests and for Nazi-hunters look- 

See ARCHIVES. Page 8 




m Page 2 


ENTERINATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


Invading Haiti Easy, Leaving Tougher, U.S. Aides Say 



WORLD BRIEFS 


By Michael R, Gordon 
and Eric Schmitt 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — American intelli- 
gence officials have concluded that a Unit- 
ed States-Ied invasion to restore the Rever- 
end Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power in 
Haiti would succeed easily. 

But they warn that it would not bring a 
quick end to the turmoil and violence that 
have swept the country, and that an inter- 
national force to maintain order could be 
needed there for years. 

The view, which represents a broad con- 
sensus among intelligence agencies and 
some of Father Aristide's staunchest sup- 
porters, comes as the Clinton administra- 
tion is struggling to develop a plan both to 
return the deposed president and to create 
conditions so be can govern peacefully. 

While President BID Clinton is relying 
on economic sanctions to persuade Haiti's 
military leaders to leave, he has pointedly 
refused to rale out military force. 

Pentagon officials are confident Lhat 


Haiti’s minimally equipped 7,500-man 
armed forces could easily be swept aside. A 
force of 650 Marines — die kind of iorce 
officials said might serve as an invasion 
vanguard -—was sent for training to Guan- 
tanamo Bay last week. 

Whether Mr. Clinton uses diplomacy or 
force to return the Haitian president to 
power, he faces the difficult task of trying 
to rebuild Haiti's military and political 
institutions while avoiding an open-ended 
commitment of troops. 

Determined not to repeat the mistakes of 
Somalia, administration officials say 
Washington will not launch any military 
operation in Haiti without a firm plan for 
disengagement. 

So far. the administration's plan for 
keeping the peace in Haiti after Father 
Aristide's return is sketchy. 

Senior administration officials said 
Washington saw a need for a peacekeeping 
force of several thousand to help protect 
Father Aristide, retrain the Haitian mOi- 


' order through 1995, the end 
of Father Aristide’s term. 

But the United States and its allies have 
not yet agreed on the exact size and duties 
of the peacekeeping force, on the extent of 
the Ui>. role or how long the force would 
need to stay. 

Since allies are being told that the peace- 
keeping force would be sent in after a 

No military operation 
in Haiti without a plan 
for disengagement, 
officials say. 

diplomatic solution, it is unclear winch 
countries, if any. would be willing to send 
troops if Father Aristide were returned 
through military action. 

In additioo, the United States and its 
allies are struggling to define some of the 


fundamental tasks they would face after 
Father Aristide's return. 

In interviews and speeches in recent 
weds, Mr. Clinton and his top aides have 
described the situation in Haiti as a serious 
threat to American security, implying that 
Father Aristide, who was elected in De- 
cember 1990 with two-thirds of the vote, 
needed to be restored to power in a matter 
of months. 

Mr. Gin ton has cited the threat of a 
surge in refugees trying to come to the 
United States, and has said Haiti is a stag- 
ing area for drug shipments. 

Strobe Talbott, the deputy secretary of 
state, said in an interview: *Tl is our inten- 
tion to send a very clear signal to the 
military and police leadership in Port-au- 
Prince that tins situation is urgent, and at 
the end of the day, ibey’e going to be gone, 
and that the end of the day is not lhat far 
off." To that end, the administration has 
pushed for tougher and more rigorously 
enforced economic sanctions. 

William H. Gray 3d, the administra- 
tion's new special envoy for Haiti, said it 


Italian Neofascist 
Snubbed in Brussels 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

BRUSSELS — A Belgian repre- 
sentative complained angrily on 
Monday about the presence" of a 
member of Italy's National Alli- 
ance at a meeting of European 
Union telecommunications minis- 
ters and said he would have no 
contact with officials from a party 
with neofasrist roots. 

The official, Elio di Rupo. Bel- 
gium’s deputy prime minister and 
telecommunications minister, said 
he would avoid all personal, bilat- 
eral contact with the Italian deputy 
prune minis ter and telecommuni- 
cations minister. Giuseppe Tatar- 
ella, one of five members of the 
neofasasi-led National Alliance in 
the new Italian government. 

In a statement to other telecom- 
munications ministers at the start 
of the meeting, Mr. di Rupo said it 
was the first time in the history of 


2 Hurt in Attacks j> 
In Hamburg on 
Turkish Targets 

Reuters 

HAMBURG — Two people 
were butt in arson attacks against 
Turkish targets in Hamburg, the 
police said Monday, a day after the 
anniversary of a" neo-Nazi fire- 
bombing in which five Turks died. 

A Hamburg police spokesman 
said the attackers hurled firebombs 
into a Turkish restaurant and into 
two Turkish cultural centers short- 
ly after midnight 

The two injured people were in 
the restaurant, and one of them was 
taken to hospital to be treated for 
burns. No one was burl in the other 
attacks. 

The spokesman said that police 
suspected that the incidents were 
pan of a clash between "left-wing 
and right-wing" Turks and that 
there was no indication of a racist 
or neo-Nazi motive. 


the union that a government had 
sent to Brussels a minister with 
political roots in the Italian fascism 
of the 1930s and 1940s. 

"This reality is too important to 
be trivialized." said Mr. di Rupo. 
the son of an Italian immigrant to 
Belgium. 

European Union officials said 
Mr. Talarelia responded by reaf- 
firming his party's commitment to 
liberty . democracy and respect for 
others without regard to national- 
ity. religion or sex. He also said he 
respected the right of Mr. di Rupo 
to have doubts. 

Mr. Talarelia said his party rep- 
resented a democratic movement 
on the right of the political spec- 
trum, not a counter movement to 
those values. "Judge us on our be- 
havior and on the policies that we 
follow." a diplomat quoted Mr. Ta- 
tareUa as saying. 

"The National Alliance has no 
link* with fascism," Mr. Tatarella 
said. "Its members belong to ihe 
olitical right, democratically 
brmed. They are not fascists." 

Four National Alliance members 
in the coalition cabinet of Italy’s 
new prime minister. Silvio Berlus- 
coni 

Mr. di Rupo said he was not 
worried that the party could hurt 
Italy, which be called a democratic 
country, but be said the example of 
rightist members in Italy’s cabinet 
could have more dangerous conse- 
quences in less stable countries. 

In another development, the 
leader or the federalist Northern 
League, Umberto Bcesi. a member 
of the coalition, suggested on Mon- 
day that tough action should be 
taken to limit Mr. Berlusconi’s me- 
dia interests. 

“Our next battle will be on anti- 
trust legislation." Mr. Bossi said at 
a campaign rally for the June 12 
European Parliament election. 
“We’U see in six months* time 
whether there is still someone who 
can manipulate news in this coun- 
try as there is now." The prime 
minister owns three national televi- 
sion channels. fAp Reu}£rs) 



* Ma_£ -In — | 

Backers of Mr. Pastrana in a peaceful demonstration Monday in Bogota. Troops were on akrt, but there was no violence. . 

2 Moderates to Vie in Colombia Runoff 


By James Brooke 

Hew York Times Semce 

BOGOTA — Two moderates wifl face each 
other in a June 19 runoff election for the 
presidency of Colombia, after nearly com- 
plete returns were counted on Monday. 

In Colombia's most peaceful electica in 
recent memory, voters on Sunday reduced a 
crowded field of 18 to Ernesto Samper Pi- 
zano, a Liberal, and Andres Pastrana 
Arango, a Conservative. With 97 percent of 
the vote in, Mr. Samper had won 45-2 percent 
to Mr. Pastrana’s 44.9 percent. 

“This was much more tmnqwlo than we 
had expected,” said Colombia's defense min- 
ister. Rafael Pardo Rueda. He had stationed 
troops at nearly all of the 47.000 polling 
places. 

The elections marked a return to Colom- 


bia’s century-old tradition of two-party poli- 
tics and an edjpse of the M-19 Democratic 
Alliance. 

Antonio Navarro Wolff, the candidate of 
this former guerrilla group, polled less than 4 
it of the vote. weD below the 13 percent 
: won in Colombia's last presidential elec- 
tions in 1990. 

“What happened to Navarro is typical of 
Colombian politics," said Vicente Torrijos. 
an international studies professor here. "As a 
political outsider, he bad a certain mystique. 
Then he started to run his movement along 
Qondemocratic lines. As health minister, he 
fell into patronage politics.” 

The M-19 will retain a residual force for 
the next three weeks as Colombia's two presi- 
dential candidates compete for endorsements 
leading up to the runoff. 


On issues pertaining to the United Slates, 
both Mr. Samper and Mr. Pastrana maintain 
essentially identical positions. 

Both have vowed to negotiate Colombia's 
entry into the North American Free Trade 
Association by 1998, the end of the new 
president's tom. 

On Colombia’s cocaine trade, both candi- 
dates have vowed to maintain the current 
policy of negotiating with cartel leaders to 
surrender in plea bargains. Neither supports 
changing Colombia’s constitution to allow 
the extradition of suspected drug traffickers 
to tbe United States for triaL 

Surveys showed that fighting the drug 
trade was not a priority for Colombian vot- 
ers. Colombians will be looking at the candi- 
dates’ capacity to reduce unemployment, 
poverty and violent crime and make peace 
with the guerriBas. 


England Gets ‘In the Mood 9 for D-Day Week 


By William E. Schmidt 

New York Times Service 

LONDON — Up oa the stage, the orches- 
tra swung into the old Glenn Miller tune “In 
the Mood,” and the floor at The Royal 
Albert Hall began to fill with dancers, 
graying English men and women mostly, 
some wearing tbe carefully tailored brown 
tunics of World War n U25. Army officers, 
others tbe dark blue kit of British naval 
commanders. 

Above the arena, overage soldiers in the 
white helmets, brown boots and white put- 
tees of U.S. Army MFs stood stiffly at the 
doors, playing their part to the tee. while 
women wearing pillbox hats circled the 
dance floor, carrying trays piled high with 
sugared doughnuts. 

"As hard as times were, it was such a 
wonderful atmosphere in those days." said 
Violet Wright, a 68-year-old London wom- 
an, her toe tapping out the swing rhythm as 
she took in the scene, a staged reconstruction 
of a wartime London servicemen’s canteen. 

She paused then, and added: "But things 
were so different back then, too, weren't 
they? England used to be like a big interna- 
tional firm, and now. well sometimes it 
seems as if the country has just gone into 
liquidation.” 

It’s D-Day minus six, 50 years later, and as 
Britain prepares this week to celebrate and 
commemorate the anniversary of the land- 
ings. much of the nation seems as if it has 
fallen into a kind of misty time warp, swept 
back a half-century on a tide of nostalgia and 
melancholy, a strange journey colored by 


memories of hard times and hard victories, 
as well as recollections of an England that 
has been losr and can never be regained. 

"D-Day foreshadowed not simply the ut- 
ter defeat of Germany and the long march 
across a humiliated and occupied France,” 
wrote The Guardian, a London newspaper, 
in an essay last week, “but also the humbling 
of British pretensions to remain a great and 
imperial power." 

indeed, after bravely bolding out alone 
against the Nazis, Britain was effectively 
occupied by a friendly American expedition- 
ary force in the months before the D-Day 
invasion. The wartime memories of most 
Britons even now are colored and shaped by 
those early contacts with the invading 
Yanks, and their imported appetites for ev- 
erything from cold beer and hot dogs to hoi 
jazz. 

Inside rhe Royal Albert HalL George 
Ward, a retired, 69-year-old teacher from 
West London and fan of 1940s dance music, 
remembered the Americans in London. 
“They were wonderful, and we couldn’t have 
done it without them," he said. “But while 
the invasion was a great Allied victory, it was 
also Britain's final moment of world impor- 
tance. After the war. welL we lost our empire 
and, truth be told, we haven't adjusted too 
well since then." 

As the anniversary of the D-Day landings 
has approached. Britain itself has appeared 
at times unable to decide exactly how it 
should go about marking the occasion. Last 
month, for example, several British veterans' 
organizations railed at the government of 


Prime Minister John Major, attacking a gov- 
ernment-sponsored schedule of events that 
included Spam Inner rooking contests as 
both demeaning and trivial. 

The government promised to put more 
emphasis on commemoration rather than 
celebration, although most of the British 
veterans, like the Americans who have 
crossed the ocean to join them, so far seem 
more interested in just getting together, find- 
ing their old mates and sharing memories. 

In Southampton, the southern coastal port 
where the invading armada set out 50 years 
ago for the Normandy beaches, more than a 
thousand veterans assembled Friday, wear- 
ing their combat medals on their jackets and 
standing in the spring sunshine to be re- 
viewed by Prince Philip, the Duke of Edin- 
burgh. 

The veterans’ passion for tbe past has 
fueled a seemingly unquenchable demand 
for World War II nostalgia, and a booming 
cottage industry in books, videos, music, 
fashion and magazines devoted to the peri- 
od. 

The program at the Royal Albert Hall on 
Sunday night was sponsored by Britain at 
War, a London World War II theme muse- 
um, and drew nearly 1,000 guest s. who paid 
S37 apiece to dance to two I940s-era bands, 
one of which was conducted by John Miller, 
the nephew of Glenn Miller. 

“Busy? Have l been busy?" hollered Mr. 
Miller, wearing a vintage US. officer’s uni- 
form, just like his Uncle Glenn, and yelling 
to be heard over the band's music. “Two 
days off since May 1, and that’s only because 


of a scheduling glitch. People here can’t get 
enough of the wartime.” 

For several weeks, towns across tbe south 
of England, the staging area for the huge 
invasion force, have beat gearing up for the 
anniversary. Local radio stations have been 
giving over entire programs to interviews 
with veterans, to retail their memories of the 
invasion. Trees have been planted and 
plaques unveiled. In Dorset, the local muse- 
um is running an exhibition on civilian life 
during the war years. In Weymouth, the 
downtown theater is showing World War II 
newsreels. 

In Salisbury, there was a garden pany 
Monday at Wilton House, where the Allies 
carried out the final planning for the inva- 
sion, and Sunday night there was a remem- 
brance concert made the Salisbury Cathe- 
dral, where hundreds gathered to sing Lfli 
Marlene and watch former Prime Minister 
Edward Heath, war medals glinting on his 
chest, conduct the Royal Air Force Band. 

Outside the Royal Albert Hall there were 
jeeps draped with camouflage netting, and 
searchlights piercing the spring sky. They 
had been set up by Blitz, a suburban London 
group that caters everything. 

Inside the haD, Margaret Whiting, the 
singer, was on stage, singing “Moonlight in 
Vermont," and Betty Dsky was in the audi- 
ence, sitting with her husband thinking of 
times that used to be. “I wouldn't want to 
bve through the war again." sbe said, “but at 
least then, England felt like it was one big 
family where people looked after one anoth- 
er. We could use that spirit again " 


Teenager Seized 
Over Shooting of 
German Tourists 

Reuters 

RIVERSIDE, California — The 
police have arrested a 17-year-old 
in connection with tbe murder of a 
German tourist and the wounding 
of her husband at a mountain look- 
out in southern California, officials 
said Monday. 

The teenager, whose name was 


was captured Sunday in West Val- 
ley, Utah, a suburb of Salt Lake 
City, investigators said. 

“We do believe him to be tbe 
shooter in this case," tbe Riyerside 
County sheriff, Cois Byrd, was 
quoted as saying. 

Two other suspects were arrested 
last week in the shooting death of 
Gisela Pfleger, 62, and the wound- 
ing of her husband. Klans POeger. 
64. - 

They were attacked May 16 after 
they pulled their rental car off a 
road at a scenic lookout in (he San 
Jacinto Mountains near IdyDwiki, 
southeast of Los Angeles. 

The suspects arrested Wednes- 
day, identified by investigators as 
Xou Yang, 19, and Khamchan Ket- 
souvannasane. 19, are being held 
on charges of murder, attempted 
murder and robbery. 


was far too soon to condole that sanctions 
would not be effective. The United States 
is pressing the Dominican Republic to seal 
its border with Haiti. 

"The sanctions are at a'levd totally dif- 
ferent than in the past," Mr. Gray said. 
“What we’ve really got to do is restore 
democracy. Along with that, we have to 
ensure that the military and police are 
compatible with democratic values.. And 
we’ve got to bring economic growth and 
tbe prospect of hope. All three have to be 
done together." 

Bui some analysts contend that the eco- 
nomic sanctions will backfire by ratfflig the 
general level of misery in Haiti, the poorest 
county in tbe hemisp h ere, unleashing a 
new flood of refugees and putting pressure 
on the administration to rake mfliiary ac- 
tion. 

Even some administration officials are 
skeptical that sanctions will work in the 
months that Washington seems to have 
allotted for tbe military rulers to be re- 
moved 


Rightist Fires Shot Near Horekjj 

Mr. Hosokawa was unhurt. , of lb* Scff* 

■ The police and members of the “ SP ^ Ja f >a Sl^L 0 rts said the mar * 
Service, immediately arrested the assailant. 

inability to end Japan's long-running reepaoo- . _ „ ^ to be a 
. The assailant was identified as Masafatsu ! Japan ® 

member of a nationalist fringe group whwAntamtains United 

tbe right when it invaded East Asian countries and a 

of Japanese attacks and conquesL 

Russia Confirzns Missile Retargeting 

MOSCOW (AP)— Russia and the United [States pX 

nuclear missiles at each other's territory, a leader m tbeRu»t ^ g 
meat yflirmyt Monday during a‘ meeting with mem Deis 

The declaration by Sergei Yusheakav, who heads 
tee of the State Duma, the lower house, was later amplified m a 
Ministry statement/ ... mis- 

The U.S.-Russian agreement to stop aiming ,cw ^ a ®S* .^Jlo 
sics at each other was reached during President Bill Cun ton s 
Moscow in January. It was later joined by Britain. 

Mandela to Coiitinue Amnesty Talks 

PRETORIA (AP) ■ — President Nelson Man^ stepped up efforts _to 
reassure whites about their future in blade-led South Africa on Monoa,- 
aimotindng ncgotiatjons with two conservative parties. . - _ 

Despite recent warnings that he was being too generous m fwgtvmg 
political violence, Mr. Mandela said talks would continue r on wnetoff 
whiles acctised in a pre-election terrorist bombing spree that kutea - 
people might be granted amnesty. 

Speaking to reporters after a meeting with the Conservative trany 
leader Ferii Hanaenbag, Mr. Mandda said his government, theConser- 
vaiive Party and theFreedom Front would meet soon to discuss demapu* 
by some whites for a homeland within South Africa. Mr. Hartzenb«S 
boycotted the first South 'African, elections. to indude blacks, but lasi 
wok for the first tune endorsed further talks and seemed to give up nis 
original goal of a completely independent white territory. 

Hong Kong Defends Ban on 2 Exiles 

HONG KONG (AP) — Governor Chris Patten on Monday defended 
. the government’s decision to bar-two exiled Chinese scholars living in tbe 
United Stoles from attending a democracy seminar in Hong Kong. 

Without nammg ihe scholars. Mr. Patten told reporters. that at “sensi- 
tive moments” the government should not allow people to use the colony 
to criticize wiiat is happening elsewhere. 

The two scholars, Roan Mmg and Li Binyan, told seminar organizers 
last week that British consular officials in New York informed them that 
-their visa applications bad -been injected. Last week,, the Hong Kong 
government waraed^xSetiChmese.dissideats not to use the colony as a 
Twse for subversion against* China. 

UN Warns on Spread of Smoking 

GENEVA (Reuters) — TheWoridHealth Organization warned on 
Monday that 10 million people would die annually from smoking within 
three decades unless its spread m developing countries and among young 
women were slopped. 

In a report marking its annual May 31 “World No Tobacco Day,” the 
United Nations body urged governments, particularly in Asia and Latin 
America, to follow the exanqrie of some industrialized states and ban 
cigarette advertiang and tobacco industry sponsorship of spoils and 
cultural events. 

At present, 3 million people, 3B percent of them in poorer countries, 
died yearly from diseases caused by smoking. '“But unless there is a 
rignififfnt UB in entreat trends of tobacco consumption, this figure is 
expected to rise to TO million a year hrtbe 2020s or 2030k 7- mutton of 
them in developing countries,” the report said. 

Shelling Internets a Loll in Yemen 

ADEN, Yemen (AFP)— sporadic artillery duels on Monday broke an 
uheatycalmaloogthe front tmesin Yemen's four-week dvfl war. military 
officials said here. ‘ 

Fighting has died down since Sunday along an arc west, north, and east 
of the southern stronghold of Aden, they said Forces loyal to Ali Salem 
Baid fired two Scud missiles earlier Sundays! the north in retaliation for 
what they charged was a northern missile attack, officials said. 

It was not dear if the hill was linked to preparations for a posable new 

northern offensive dr intensive diplomatic efforts to seek a cease-fire in 
the conflict, which broke out on May 5. . 

Correction ; 

A sentence in a D-Day article by Frank Schimnacher in the Monday 
issue, " ‘Hollywood Hegemony* at Issue as Gennans Again Debate 
Identity” should have rod; “A .powerful current in traditional German 
culture, which went along with the concept of 'Sonderwege,' or ‘special 
ways,’ that exposed Gennans to so many excesses in the first half of this 
century, has survived the postwar decades as if it had been , in hiberna- 
tion.” ■ • 


TRAVEL UPDATE 

Emirates Ease Visa Requirements 

DUBAI (Reuters) — The United Arab Emirates will give visa-fa 
entry to Gulf-based businessmen and high-earning professionals for u 
to a month, according to inks that come into effect on June 1, the officii 
Emirates News Agency said Monday. 

The nde applies to nationals of major Western countries and Japa 
who have fiveam oat of the six Gulf Cooperation Council states for mot 
than a year. It also covers all foreign businessmen, accountants, doctoi 
and engineers and their fanrittes who have lived for more than 12 monti 
in United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Kuwait an 
Qatar. The rule was promoted by.Dubai, winch wants to ease entry rul< 
to help boost trade, tourism and regional exhibitions and conferences. 

The no-visa rule applies to all citizens of the United Stales, tb 
European Union, Canada, Australia; New Zealand, Japan and Britis 


one erf the professions listed. 

The ftendi Tmaaert Ministry confirmed Monday that the gover 
meat wifl allow British airlines to offer four flights daily between Londr 
and Paris's Ody airport starting Jane 13. (Related article. Page 1 1 ) (Ai 
Sorakn has opened a new passenger railroad spur at its border wii 
Poland, catting travd .time, it was announced Monday in Bratislava. Tl 
22rk3ajnefer (f 3£mile) hnk on a direct north-south route wfll cut tl 
travel distance by about 70 kflometers (43‘mfles). (fewer 

tajtpwrtwe in 50 yeas cm Monday ; 
toe mCT^lnt46degrces Centigrade (1 15 degrees Fahrenheit) toePte 
Trust of India (FII) reported. /a™ 

are bemz held forThmsday, but management said all flights would im ahe^LThl 

“«!r £uS; wfes 


(A FI 



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I- jl. ul! intone j 



CIA Spy’s Memory Slips on a Crucial Date 


By Walter Pincus 

WasAnjiaii Pan Service 

Am0D S douWK 

“US ttai Aldnch Hazen Ames, ihe fanner 
' **£, abutted exposing Jo Mos- 

cow was Oleg Gordlevsky, the KGB's one' 
pine top officer in London and the most 
Jfflporiant Soviet spy ever recruiied bv MI5. 
Britain s security service. 

Problem is, Mr. Ames cannot sav exactly 
wpen he told Moscow about Mr. Gor- 
dlevsky. 

The Federal Bureau of Investigation bad 
concluded it was on June 13. 1985, when Mr. 
Ames turned over to a Soviet Embassy em- 
ployee in Washington an envelope contain- 
ing a list of code-names or other identifying 
dues for all the Soviet citizens he knew were 
in the pay of the Central Intelligence Agency 
or allied governments. 

The FBI fixed on that date using photo- 
graphic, electronic and other surveillance re- 
cords that are supposed to have recorded all 
those who visited the Soviet Embassy 
sources said. 

But the FBI did not consult with Mr. 
Gordievsky or read the book that he wrote in 
1990. the sources said. In the book. Mr. 
Gordievsky said he was mysteriously or- 
dered back to Moscow from London on May 
17, 1985, four weeks before the FBI has Mr. 
Ames turning over his list Mr. Gordievsky 
also wrote that on May 27, 1985, he was 
drugged, interrogated by KGB officials in 
the Soviet Union and “directly accused of 
working for the British.’* 


Mr. Ames has said he cannot remember don and Washington what one former high- 
the date he passed the envelope, but during ranking CIA official called “an amazing look 
an interview last month placed it “some inside the Kremlin." 

From London, Mr. Gordievsky would re- 
port on gossip be gathered and conversations 


mu He 
is inno- 


moDths” after March 1985. Neither MI5 nor 
the CIA wants it proven that Mr. Ames was 
not tiie one who informed on Mr. Gor- 
dievsky because that would suggest another, 
still undiscovered double agent inside either 
American or British intelligence agencies. 

The FBI has been asked to review its 

finding. 

Mr. Gordievsky himself announce! after 
Mr. Ames's arrest that he believed ii was Mr. 
Ames who turned him in. “He has the blood 
of a dozen officers mi his hands,” Mr. Gor- 
dlevsky wrote in an article in March. “He 
would have had my blood, too, had 1 not 
managed to escape before the KGB had any 
evidence, other than Ames's tip-off. against 
me.” 

Some British intelligence officials, al- 
though accepting the CIA's apology, have 
come to believe that Mr. Gordievsky was 
uncovered by the KGB’s own counterintelli- 
gence work and that Mr. Ames’s information 
only confirmed an existing suspicion. 

Motivated by his realization that (he Sovi- 
et Union was a stagnant, corrupt society, Mr. 
Gordievsky agreed to spy for British intelli- 
gence in 1974 while working as a KGB politi- 
cal intelligence officer in Copenhagen. He 
rose steadily in the KGB in Moscow and 
arrived in London in 1982. Three years later, 
he was named chief of the KGB’s station in 
the British capital. 

His information gave top leaders in Lon- 


: had with visiting Soviet officials and KGB 
officers. His reports covered China, Nicara- 
gua, even the United States. The information 
he conveyed about the internal workings of 
the Kremlin “went way beyond any report- 
ing we were getting.” the former CIA official 
said. 

Only a handful of top CIA officials knew 
the material was coining from a K.GB source 
in London and from an individual senior 
enough to assume charge on occasion of the 
Soviet Embassy there. Mr. Ames, along with 
a handful of other officers in the CIA opera- 
tions directorate, was able to determine that 
MI5’s source came from the KGB station in 
London. 

According to Mr. Gordievsky. he was un- 
expectedly recalled to Moscow in a cable he 
received May 17, 1985, saying that he would 
be formally appointed head of the KGB’s 
London operation and that two Politburo 
members wanted io talk to him. When he 
arrived in Moscow on May 19, he found his 
apartment had been searched. 

For a week, nothing happened. Then he 
was token to a KGB dacha outside Moscow 
for a lavish lunch that included large 
amounts of liquor. After the meal he felt 
drugged. 

He was then subjected to sharp question- 
ing fOT the rest of the day, including accusa- 


tions he had become a British as 
denied the charges and maintained 1 
cuux. 

Mr. Gordievsky was released, but he was 
told he would not be allowed to serve outside 
the Soviet Union again. He was relieved of 
duties and told be had to report to KGB 
headquarters for a new assignment on Aug. 
3, 1985. Mr. Gordievsky wrote in his book 
that he believed the Soviets were waiting to 
see if they could catch him secretly meeting 
with M15 agents. 

On July 19, without giving notice to his 
family, Mr. Gordievsky and M15 agents car- 
ried out a bold escape plan. He was picked 
up by agents on a street outside Moscow 
while jogging with a KGB guard just yards 
away. He was smuggled out of Russia 
through a route that remains secret. 

Mr. Ames said ihai after turning over his 
envelope with the agents' names in mid- 
1985, he heard nothing from the Soviets until 
September. As be recalled during an inter- 
view last month, a Soviet Embassy official 
“passed me a written message in which they 
expressed iheir gratitude and they said they 
had pul aside $2 million for me.” 

“1 was surprised and shocked at the mag- 
nitude of that,” he said. 

One former intelligence official said Mr. 
Gordievsky's escape convinced the Soviets 
that he was working for the British and thus 
assured Moscow that in Mr. Ames they had 
found the double agent they had always been 
seeking. 


POLITICAL NOTES 


* tittle More Time’ on Heal th 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton adminis- 
tration insists that Representative Dan Ros- 
tenkowskfs legal troubles will not stop the 
“real momentum” toward passing a health- 
care reform bin this year. But a ranking 
congressional Democrat acknowledged that 
“it will take a little more time.” 

Mr. Rosteakowski, Democrat of Illinois, 
who is chairman of the House Ways and 
Means Committee, has until Tuesday to de- 
cide whether to accept a plea bargain agree- 
ment or risk indictment on federal corruption 
charges. Under Democratic caucus rules, if 
he is indicted he would have to step down as 
rh airman of his co mmi ttee. 

He has denied any wrongdoing and is 
thought to be ready to fight the charges , 
which include taking OlegaJ cash payments 
Bom the House post office and putting peo- 
ple on his office payroll who did not work. 

“It is my understanding that they asked 
Mm to plead guilty to charges he’s not even 
familiar with,” said Representative Charles 
B. Rangel of New York, the senior Democrat 
cm the committee. 

Mr. Rangel told ABC News that he 
thought Mr. Rostenkowski was “going to go 
to tnaL” 

’ ’ If so,' Mr. Rangel said, “it would take a . 
little longer and an cf its would Lave to pidc 
up more of our weight” in order to get die 
health care bill passed. ■ 

“It ccwld beth^ the president may have to 
get involved,” be said, out well move ahead. 
WBl we need extra hdp? Will we need a little 


more time? I think so, but we're going to do 
it” 

But a Republican member of the commit- 
tee, Representative Rick. Santorum of Penn- 
sylvania, said that without Mr. Rostenkowski 
as chairman, “we may in fact get a bipartisan 
coalition put together.” 

“Without the chairman,” he said, “there we 
have a great opportunity to make sure the 
American pubh'c gets the kind of health in- 
surance they want.” (AP) 

Giving Back $9,000 Bonus 

WASHINGTON — The No. 2 executive 
at the Social Security Administration has 
decided to return a $9,256 bonus he received 
after about three months on the job. 

The Social Security principal deputy com- 
missioner, Lawrence H. Thompson, “volun- 
tarily decided” to return the money, the agen- 
cy’s commissioner, Shirley Chater, told a 
Senate subcommittee. 

Several House and Senate members had 
raised questions about Mr. Thompson’s 
award and Social Security’s decision to spend 
$32 utinku on employee bonuses last year. 
More than two- thirds of the agency’s 65,000 
received the bonuses, 
told the Senate Appropriations sub- 
committee on human services that Mr. 
Tbpinpson’s award was based on bis work at . 
Social Security and his “exemplary perfor- 
mance” at die General Accounting Office for 
the nroe months he served there before trans- 
ferring agencies. Mr. Thompson’s bonus, she 
said, “seemed an appropriate action at the 
time.” 

But tiie said she and Mr. Thompson “both 


understand the sensitivity and concern that 
has been expressed regarding the fact the 
award was paid” by Social Security. (HP) 

Christopher Saigon Visit? 


Washington — speculation is grow- 



breaking vis 

Mr. Christopher is scheduled to travel to 
Bangkok on July 26 for the annual meeting of 
the Association of Southeast Asian States. 
Nothing has been announced, but he may go 
to Hanoi before or after that meeting. The 
United States announced recently that it had 
finished arrangements to set up a liaison 
office in Hanoi 

Assistant Secretary of Slate Winston Lord 
is about logo to Vietnam, and there is specu- 
lation that among his responsibilities is to 
make preparations for a visit by Mr. Christo- 
pher. If Mr. Christopher does make the trip, 
be would be in position to open up the new 
liaison office himself. IL4T) 

Quote/ Unquote 

W. Anthony Lake, the national security 
adviser, on the president's trip to Europe to 
celebrate the 50th anniversary of D-Day: 
“Let me emphasize this: This should not be 
seen as a. victory over Germany and over 
Italy. I think the president will be trying to 
make it clear that we are not celebrating the 
defeat of certain nations; we are celebrating 
the victory of an idea, a liberating idea, of 
democracy." fi-4T> 


Away 

From Politics 


• Michael Fay, the American 
teenager whose caning for 
vandalism in Singapore 
sparked a protest by the U.S. 
government spent his 1 9th 
birthday in prison Monday 
but could not receive visitors 
or presents, his mother said. 

• Most high school graduates 
planning to go work are of- 
fered the same low wages, 
part-time hours and work as in 
the after-school jobs they held 
as students. In 1993. the Bu- 
reau of Labor Statistics re- 
ports, nearly a quarter of high 
school graduates who did not 
go on to college were still un- 
employed in October, com- 
pared with 21 percent of each 
year's graduates in the 1980s 
and 16 percent in the 1970s. 

• A 16-year-old girl was sexu- 
ally assaulted on the floor of a 
teen dance club by six young 
men as a crowd stood by and 
watched, the police in Fori 
Lauderdale, Florida, said. 

• Los Angeles gang members 
have have pulled off a string of 
brazen robberies in Las Vegas 
casinos in the last three 
months — storming into casi- 
nos, rifling the cashier's cages 
and making off with tens of 
thousands of dollars in a mat- 
ter of seconds. N)T. AP. AFP 



Ex-Farrakhan Aide Wounded - 

s 

[y 

Crowd Batters Black Attacker After California Speech 


By Tom Gorman 
and Psyche Pascual 

Los Angela Times Service 

RIVERSIDE. California — An outspoken minister 
of the Nation of Islam, Khalid Abdul Muhammad, 
was shot by a man whom police described as a former 
member of the black Muslim group. 

Mr. Muhammad, 43. was struck in the left leg by aL 
least one of five or six shots from a 9mm handgun, 
officials said. He was in satisfactory condition on 
Monday at Riverside Community Hospital according 
to an associate. 

Two Nation of Islam bodyguards were also wound- 
ed. Caliph Sadig, 33, was in satisfactory condition 
with a wound in the upper right back. 

Another guard, Vamado Puckett, 34, was shot three 
times. He was in serious condition, undergoing sur- 
gery at Riverside General Hospital 

The gunman — wearing the dark suit, white shirt 
and bow tie “characteristic of what his security people 
were wearing,” said a University of California, River- 
side, spokesman — stepped from a crowd of some 50 
people outside the auditorium where Mr. Muhammad 
bad just spoken Sunday and fired from 5 to 10 feet 
away. 

The gunman was severely beaten by the crowd, 
some of whom reportedly shouted, “He works for the 
Jews.” Mr. Muhammad was dismissed as an aide to 
the Nation of Islam leader. Louis FarraJchan, after 
making anti-Semitic remarks last year. 

The police plucked the bloodied man from the 
angry crowd and put him in a police car until he could 
be taken away by ambulance. He was identified on 
Monday as James Edward Bess. 49, of Seattle, who 
was expdled from the Nation of Islam three years ago. 

A Muhammad friend who was standing on ihe 


auditorium steps next to him when he was shot said 
that someone had just asked him to compare the 
struggle of Latinos with those of African Americans.; 

“Trie last thing 1 remember him saying was, "The 
same dog that bit you, bit me,' ” said the friend. 

“After that, just pop. pop, pop, pop, pop. It was so 
dose.” he said. “1 just took my daughter and hit the 
ground. I heard a bullet echo in my ear. and I could 
smell gunpowder.” 

In ihe chaos after the shooting, he said, several 
young black men attacked some white people who had 
rushed to the scene, but others who had been at the 
speech intervened 

Members of the Fruit of Islam, the Nation of 
Islam’s security contingent, carried the wounded Mr. 
M uhamma d back through the building to a car and 
hurried him to the hospital 

A photographer said angry supporters beat the 
gunman as the police tried to stop them. 

“They were just kicking and stomping him in the 
bead,” be said “That’s where the pandemonium was. 
They dragged the shooter out by the nape erf his neck, 
blood dripping. People were still trying to get their 
kicks in. Hie police were trying to protect him. And 
the people wouldn't let him get out.” 

A student who attended the speech, saw the suspect 
later, “a bloodied bead and propped up” in the back 
of the police car. 

Under intense security that included pat-downs and 
bag searches and a hefty presence of police, campus 
security and Fruit of Islam, nearly 450 people bad 
entered the Student Recreation Center to bear Mr. 
Muhammad. 

During the speech, about 70 protesters picketed 
silently outside, among them Jewish and Roman Cath- 
olic students. 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


^ Two Sides Claim Power in Autonomy Fight 


By Alessandra Stanley 

.Vcw York Tima Service 

SIMFEROPOL. Ukraine — 
Two men who both claim to be the 
chief of law enforcement of Crimea 
sit m the same government office 
building. They use separate en- 
trances and act as if the other does 
not exist. A sign at the front door 
says the Crimean Interior Ministry. 

Last week, workers hastily erect- 
ed a large plaque over the rear 
entrance declaring the building the 
Ukrainian Interior Ministry's de- 
partment in Crimea. 

U is perhaps the oddest episode 
in the war of nerves over how far 
Crimea will go to gain autonomy 
From Ukraine. Valeri Kuznetsov, 
the man appointed interior minis- 
ter by the president of Crimea two 
months ago, controls the 15,000- 
man police force. But two weeks 
ago, the president of Ukraine or- 
dered Ivan Kolomytsev, the former 
head of the local KGB. to replace 
Mr. Kuznetsov. The 1,000 mem- 
bers of the department's security 
force answer to Mr. Kolomytsev. * 

Both men are wailing for politi- 
cians in Moscow. Simferopol, and 
Kiev to settle the stand-off. The 
wait is not always serene. 


Chechens Blame 
Moscow for Blast 

The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Authorities in the 
breakaway Caucasus province of 
Chechnya held Moscow responsi- 
ble on Monday for what was appar- 
ently an attempt to assassinate 
their president. Dzhokhar Du- 
dayev. news reports said. 

Mr. Dudayev escaped injury 
when a roadside bomb exploded 
near the Chechen capital of Grozny 
on Friday as his motorcade was 
driving past. The blast killed Interi- 
or Minister Magomed Ediyev, his 
deputy and their driver. 

Mr. Dudayev's wife and 1 1 -year- 
old son were wounded in the blast. 


“If anything happens here," Mr. 
Kuznetsov warned somewhat 
melodramatically, “there could be 
war.” 

There has been no shooting, but 
Crimea’s showdown over indepen- 
dence has put politicians on edge. 

Crimea had been a pan of Russia 
until Nikita S. Khrushchev gave iL 
to Ukraine in 1954. Since the Soviet 
Union dissolved, and particularly 
since the Ukrainian economy be- 
gan to collapse, most of Crimea’s 
population, which is 70 percent 
Russian, has been clamoring to re- 
join a Russia they fed they bad 
never really left. Even some Cri- 
means of Ukrainian descent say 
they want to shake loose from the 
economically devastated republic. 

But pan-Slavic nationalism 
frightens the Crimean Tatars. Mus- 
lims who had dominated the region 
until the 18th century, wheD they 
were subdued by Russia and made 
subjects. They were brutally de- 
ported by Stalin 50 years ago. With 
help from the Ukrainian govern- 
ment, they have been returning and 
resettling' and now make up more 
than 10 percent of the population. 
They campaigned against Yuri 
Meshkov, the Crimean president, 
and are now siding with Kiev in the 
dispute over Crimea's status. 

“Russia wants to be heir to all 
the property of the former Soviet 
Union,” said Mustafa Jemilev, the 
leader of the Crimean Tatars, who 
fears that Russian nationalists will 
trample Tatar rights. “But it 
doesn't want to accept responsibil- 
ity for its moral debts.” 

The stalemate began on May 20, 
when the Crimean Parliament re- 
stored a 1992 constitution that 
would in effect give the peninsula 
greater autonomy from Kiev. Tbe 
Ukrainian president, Leonid I. 
Kravchuk, ordered Crimea to re- 
verse itself or face dire though un- 
specified consequences. So far. Cri- 
mea’s Parliament and Mr. 
Meshkov, elected on separatist 
platforms, have refused to turn 
back. 

Fearing a show of force, a dde- 




gation of Crimean deputies trav- 
eled to Kiev this week. Ukrainian 
deputies are expected to continue 
those discussions in Crimea. Three 
days of high-level talks in Moscow 
on dividing up the Black Sea fleet, 
based in Sevastopol were also ad- 
journed for further contemplation. 

For all the ado. many citizens say 
they are calm, even cheerful. 

Tension can be detected only in 
the center of tbe capital where 
Ukrainian national guardsmen are 
on patrol. As if to counter them, 
Crimean Cossacks, wearing tradi- 
tional czarist army uniforms and 
carrying whips, stage a daily, sym- 
bolic vigil on the Parliament steps 
against Ukrainian attack. Some of- 
ficers steel themselves for the task 
with early monring champagne. 

Ousters erf old Russian pension- 
ers, mostly retired low-levd Soviet 
functionaries, have also been gath- 
ering every day in front of the Par- 
liament budding, shouting pro- 
Russian slogans and muttering 
curses against Mr. Kravchuk. 

To the dismay of tbe more fer- 
vent Crimean nationalists. Presi- 
dent Boris N. Yeltsin has stayed 
largely aloof from the current im- 
passe, saying it is a Ukrainian af- 
fair. 

Crimeans complain that the 
Ukrainian economy is dragging 
down their own. and in fact, Cri- 
mea's rising prices and low salaries 
echo those in Ukraine. But one- 
fourth of the Crimean population 
lives on government pensions. The 
peninsula receives far more in sub- 
sidies from Kiev than it pays in 
raxes. 

Among Crimeans, it is an article 
of faith that Mr. Kravchuk is trying 
to provoke a confrontation as a 
pretext to cancel coming elections, 
which they say he is likely to lose. 

But domestic politics plays a 
part in Crimea's actions as well. 

Mr. Meshkov had been counting 
on nationalist fervor to keep Parlia- 
ment. which is composed mostly of 
nationalists and Communists, unit- 
ed even over his economic reform 
programs. 





IT WORKS — A Bosnian Serbian soldier testing a heavy machine gun 


boob* PaMnd/Rcava 

in the town of Brcfca . 


'Sarajevo’ Candidate List Pulls Out 
Of European Parliament Elections 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — Beraard-Hemi Levy* announced 
Monday that he and other intellectuals were pull- 
ing out of the race for the European Parliament but 
would continue their crusade for the Bosnian gov- 
ernment. 

The campaign had threatened the mainstream 
leftist Socialist Party with disarray. 

Tbe 87-member list of candidates titled “Europe 
Begins in Sarajevo,” Mr. Levy said in a communi- 
que. “will not go to a vote” in the elections June 12. 
The withdrawal came just three days after the 
group filed its candidacy with great fanfare to 
press for a lifting of the arms embargo against the 
Muslim-led Bosnian government in its war with 
Serbian militias. 


The list was expected to draw voles from the 
Socialists, already reding from their debade in 
legislative elections last year and trying to gear up . 
for presidential elections next spring. 

After a meeting ending early Monday morning, 
the group's leaders deckled that their effort in 
raising toe Bosnia issue had “achieved the poten- 
tial effect in tbe European election.” The list was 
“taken into a political game unworthy of the cause 
it is defending,” tbe communique said, noting that 
the 4n teat was never to build a party or to substi- 
tute existing parties.” . 

The group, however, remained neutral and did 
not threw its support behind any party after noting 
support from both the left and right to lift the aims 
embargo. (AP, AFP) 


BELGRADE: 

Confirmed Inn Page 1 

new hyperinflation,” said Lj ubo - 
mii; Maqfar, an economist. 

Up to now, however, predictions 
that the Avramovk program would 
amount to no more than a tenuous 
c onju r in g trick have proved un- 
founded. Instead, two essential 
changes have taken place. 

Fanners and industries that were 
hoard in g inventory while [inflation 
soared Itave now' brought their 
goods to the market and resumed 
production. And people have been 
encouraged by interest rates to 
bring into circulation some of the 
nntof d millions of Deutsche marks 
stashed under mattresses during 
decades of intermittent inflation in 
Yugoslavia. 

Randcnko Yidakovic, a retired 
engineer in Nova Sad, north of Bel- 
grade, said he had 100,000 G erma n 
marks saved in-Ms home — a nest 

egg that enabled him to survive 
when tbe value of his monthly pen- 
sion fcD to about two marksby last 
December, scarcely enough to buy 
abler of milk. “Of course Kfeis still . 
expenavc,” he added, “but our 
confidence has been restored.” 

' Wistem diplomats say they have 
no Idea hoW many .German marks 
are hidden in homes or continue to 
be remitted by Yugoslav workers 
overseas, but it seems clear they are 

a decisive cushion against social 
upheavaL 

Mr. Milosevic seems to be dozing 
confidence. When he visited Novi 
Sad last week, be was rapturously, 
received as he declared, “Maybe 
the cows around here are proano- 
ing inorc imlk out of spite nl inter- 
national trade sanctions.” 

The goveznmenl’s economic pro- 
gram has dearfy been bolstered by 
a severe fraying of the embargo. 
Everything from gasoline to LA. - 
Gear shoes is now available at a 
price, and. businessmen say that 
countries including Ukraine, Rus- 
sia, Hungary. Bulgaria, Romania, 
and Greece are places where deak 
can be done.. 

“Everyone understands money,” 
said VMstimir Giupc, whose re- 
cently opened dothes boutique is. 
doing a thriving trade in Rifle jeairs 
from America, Samoa sandals from 
Italy and othra imports. . 


What Embargo? 


feed bom tbtanwr- 

tired of it ^ a 

biuion doUaxs ^ 

Ala arid Bulga™!^- Jj j 

ssrsuss 

and whether bord ^L lus i\c?. 
w become oiore p^f ■ d ^ 
industrial goods like steel ^ 

can get out buovani 

For without a more ou - 

Avramovic might not be a 

balance the badget m- 

At the very least, k, owev £^ ■__* 
Milosevic has clearly 
with the new economic pro&^ 
and is not in a position where sane 

tions wffl compel hnn to seekpea 

^Bosnia. Into sense, the embar- 
go appears to have fallen far suort 
of its obje ctives. 

Bosnia Coalition 
Keeps Pressure 
On Serbian Foes 

The Associated Pros 

■ SARAJEVO, Basnia-Herzegovi- 
na — Bosnia's allied Muslims and 
Croats put pressure on their Serbi- 
an foes on the front lines on Mon- 
day and at a political gathering m 
Sarajevo called to cement their fed- 
. eration by choosing its leaders. 

The waning parties have been 
invited to Genera by the United 
-Nations on Uunsday and Friday 
for talks' on an overall cease-fire. 
But widespread, sporadic shelling 
and' fi ghnng were reported on 
Monday, particularly in central 
and northern Bosnia. 

.* The result oTthe renewed Croat- 
Muslirri alliance has been govern - 
meat offensives on several fronts, 
. launched in tbe hopeof taking back 
some Serb-held territory Muslims 
arid Croats want as part of their 
federation. 


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Ex-Japan 
Minister 
Given Jail 

Construction Unit 
Paid Him Bribes 

Reuters 

TOKYO— -A Former minister in 
tne Japanese cabinet was fined and 
sentenced on Monday to three 
years in jail for his pan in a con- 
struction-industry scandal, a court 
official said- 

"Hie official ax the Tokyo district 
court said Fumio Abe, former di- 
rector-general of the Hokkaido and 
Okinawa Development Agency^ re- 
caved the prison sentence and a 90 
mfflioo yen ($865,000) fine for tak- 
ing bribes from the steel frame 
maker Kyowa Co. 

He said that the court found Mr. 
Abe was guilty of accepting cash 
bribes from the firm in 1989 and 
1990 while he was a cabinet minis- 
ter, in return for giving Kyowa fa- 
vorable treatment in construction 
projects on his home island of Hok- 
kaido. 

Mr. Abe, 71, who pleaded not 
guuty, is believed to have repaid to 
Kyowa 160 million yen of the 630 
million yen in an apparent attempt 
to win a suspended sentence. 

He is the first member of Parlia- 
ment to receive an unsuspended 
prison sentence since former Prime 
Minister Kakuei Tanaka was sen- 
tenced to four years in prison and 
fined 500 million yen for his part in 
the Lockheed bribery scandal in 
1983. 

Mr. Tanaka died before serving 
out his sentence. 

At Mr. Abe’s trial. Judge Toshio 
Yaroada said, “It was a grave crime 
that further spurred the Japanese 
people’s growing distrust of poU- 
tics.” 

The court found that Kyowa’ s 
vice-president.' Goro Moriguchi, 
paid Mr. Abe for information in 
connection with the firm’s resort 
development plans in Hokkaido 
and als for help in allowing Kyowa 
to join a stadium project in Sappo- 
ro. 

Arrested in early 1992, Mr. Abe 
admi tted to having received the 
cash from Mr. Moriguchi, but he 
insisted the money was a political 
donation. He said he had never 
been asked for favors in ret u rn. 

A year ago Mr. Moriguchi was 
found guilty of fraud ana of brib- 
ing Mr: Abe in connection with a 
number of bogus business transac- 
tions. He was sentenced to save 
five and a half years. 

News reports on Monday said 
Mr. Abe had appealed the verdict 
and was released on bail of 60 mil- 
lion yea. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


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The Palestinians Who Can’t Go Home 


fef 



By Chris Hedges 

«V*w York Times Sexier 

BaQAA REFUGEE CAMP. Jordan — You 
on still get a haircut and a shave at Hussein All 
Ahmed’s tiny barbershop, although he wishes 
you couldn’t. You can still hear the Palestinian 
men sitting ou his worn vinyl couches argue 
politics, although be is sick of their discussion*. 
What you cannot do anymore, according to the 
56-vear-old barber, is dream. 

“This is the end for us," he said wistfully, as 
he churned shaving soap and water in a small 
metal bowl, “This deal Yasser Arafat cut with 
the Israelis means that people like me do not 
exist, that we will never go home. We have been 
sacrificed.” 

There are some 3 million Palestinians like 
Mr. Ahmed living in refugee districts in Syria. 
Lebanon and Jordan. Many of them left Pales- 
tinian villages in what is now Israel at the end of 
the 1948 war. For many of the refugees, the 
agreement that brought Palestinian rule to 
Gaza and Jericho and removed the Israeli sol- 
diers is as welcome as the plague. 

“The Palestinian refugees are slowly awaken- 
ing lo the fact that neither the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization nor the Israelis are anxious 
for them to return in large numbers.” said a 
senior Western diplomat, “and for many of 
these refugees, who have been trapped in camps 
for decades, this is a painful realization." 

The failure of the self-ruJe agreement to ad- 
dress the fate of the refugees is seen by many m 
this sprawling camp of 200.000 people as a 
betrayal by the Palestinian leadership. 

For decades, the PLO fought hard to keep 
the refugee romps from being dismantled. The 
camps, where people live crowded in concrete 


hovels, of leu wilhoul running water, have been 
a breeding ground Tor aimed factions as well as 
a festering reminder to the world that the plight 
of the Palestinians remains unresolved. 

But with the self-rule agreement the political 
capital of the refugees has diminished. And 
many say they were the ones to pay the price for 
Mr. Arafat's deal with IsraeL 

“When I saw Yasser Arafat sign the agree- 
ment with the Israelis in Cairo, I felt the only 
solution left was his assassination.” said Nidil 
Saadi. 29, a carpenter. “This agreement might 
be good for Lbe Palestinians in the occupied 
territories, but we on the outside have been sold 
out" 

The militant Islamic group Hamas, which 
oppose* the self-rule accord, now has a wide 
following in the camp, where there are more 
pictures of Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi leader, in 
the shop window* than of the PLO chairman. 

The status of the i.5 million Palestinian refu- 
gees in Jordan, which is to be determined in 
future talks, is a principal concern of the Jorda- 
nian government. 

Senior Jordanian officials say any peace 
agreement with Israel must include compensa- 
tion from Israel for the cost of housing the 
refugees. Jordan currently allocates 5300 mil- 
lion a year for the refugees, many of whom are 
cared for by the United Nations. 

But there is a growing realization among 
many officials and diplomats that most Pales- 
tinians here will probably remain. 

“The businessmen, who could go back, don’t 
want to risk losing their investments because of 
the chaos within the Palestinian administration, 
so they keep their businesses here." a Western 
diplomat said “The refugees, even if they were 


Warlords Are a No-Show at Peace Talks 


TV ’Vnn.'ulcd Previ 


Fumio Abe entering tbe Tokyo court for sentencing on Monday. 


By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Past Service 

NAIROBI — Somalia's peace 
talks were once again postponed 
Monday after the country’s main 
feuding warlords failed to show up. 
Diplomats said Lhis latest delay. 


A Kind of Blackmair by Indonesia 


Reuters 

PARIS — The wife of President Francois Mit- 
terrand of France accused Indonesian authorities 
on Monday of exerting “tyrannical pressure” to 
keep her from attending a conference on East 
Timor in Manila. 

Danielle Mitterrand, the president’s wife, also 
described Indonesian behavior as “a kind of black- 
may.” 

Indonesia annexed tbe former Portuguese terri- 
tory of East Timor in 1976. a move die United 
Nations has never recognized. As a result of Indo- 
nesian pressure, the Philippines has refused entry' 
to foreign human rights advocates bound for the 
conference, which is to discuss human rights in 
East Timor. 

Organizers said they would attempt to conduct 
the meeting, starting Tuesday, with only local 
participants. 

Mrs. Mitterrand, who heads the human rights 
group France-Libertes, said at a press conference. 


”1 don’t know what sparked it, but there was a 
tyrannical pressure on me. on the Philippine gov- 
ernment. a kind of blackmail so that I would not go 
and so that the conference would not lake place.” 

Asked why she had decided to stay away. Mrs. 
Mitterrand answered: “1 am not an agitator. 1 
knew that if I went 1 would be fanning the flames 
and that is not my role." She has sent tbe text of a 
speech to be read in her absence at the conference. 

Kirs. Mitterrand and Mairead Maguire, the Irish 
winner of the Nobd Peace Prize, who W3S expelled 
when she arrived in Manila during the weekend to 
attend the conference, called for an end to Western 
arms sales to Jakarta. 

Maria Barroso Soares, the wife of Portugal's 
president, also canceled plans to attend the Manila 
meeting. 

Holding the Paris news conference with Mrs. 
Mitterrand, she denounced Indonesian authorities 
for “conducting a genocide, a policy of recoloniza- 
tion" in East Timor. 


on the eve of a UN Security Coun- 
cil decision on the future of the 
costly Somalia operation, appeared 
to increase the likelihood that tbe 
Clinton administration would pre- 
vail in its attempts to cut short the 
lifespan of an ambitious mission of 
“nation-building" that has cost 
more than $1.5 billion but which 
has yielded few results. 

“Of course it look* bad — it 
looks terrible." a senior UN diplo- 
mat said of delay. “It would have 
had a positive impact if they had 
met.” he said. 

The talks, originally scheduled 
for April but postponed at least 
four times, were supposed to be 
preparatory discussions before a 
full-fledged national reconciliation 
conference that is supposed to 
choose a new Somali government 
and legislature. 

Somalia has been without any 
government since Mohammed Said 
Bant fell from power in January 
1991 and the country descended 
into anarchy and rule by warlords 
and their militias competing for 
turf. 

Diplomats had called these talks 
the Somali faction leaders’ last best 
chance to reach a compromise and 
set up a govern mem before the 
world community finally tired of 


the operation and before the Secu- 
rity Council voted to shorten the 
mandate of the UN mission to just 
six more weeks. 

But Monday’s planned talks 
were delayed again after Somalia's 
two main antagonists. Mohammed 
Ali Mahdi, the self-styled “interim 
president,” and General Moham- 
med Fairah Aidid, the strongman 
of south Mogadishu, never showed 
up. 

The talks were scheduled to be in 
Nairobi because the warlords were 
arguing over the venue for the dis- 
cussions and the Kenyan capital is 
considered neutral territory. 

On Monday, the UN’s acting 
special representative for Somalia, 
Lum a Kouyate. left Nairobi and 
relumed to Mogadishu when it be- 
came clear the major faction lead- 
ers would not be coming. UN offi- 
cials said Mr. Kouyate would be 
meeting with Mr. Ali Mahdi and 
General Aidid to try to secure a 
new date for the talks, possibly 
later this week. 

UN officials said about four fac- 
tion leaders did turn up in Nairobi 
over the weekend. But they said 
holding the talks would be point- 
less without the key warlords. Sec- 
retary General Butros Butros Gbali 
has acknowledged that the security 


situation in Somalia has been 
steadily deteriorating since the 
United States and most other 
Western countries withdrew their 
forces from the peacekeeping mis- 
sion at the end of March. 

But Mr. Butros GhaJi. in a report 
to the Security Council las! week, 
said he was still recommending a 
six-month extension of the mission, 
at a cost of neatly $500 million 
more, because otherwise So mali a 
risked “sliding back into the abyss 
from which it was barely rescued 
less than two yean ago." 

Tbe Clinton administration has 
recommended a short, six-week ex- 
tension, with the understanding 
that if the warlords are no closer to 
a peace accord by then, the opera- 
tion would be wound down and the 
remaining 19,000 combat troops 
steadily withdrawn. 

If no reconciliation or positive 
sign has occurred, the United 
Slates will veto all Somali resolu- 
tions and the UN will closedown in 
three months, a UN military offi- 
cial from Mogadishu said. 

UN military officials in Somalia 
said they had begun drafting a 133- 
day withdrawal plan for the re- 
maining UN forces, and they said 
the plan would begin after July 15. 


Page 5 


allowed back, would never find enough housing 
or jobs. Most of these Palestinians are going to 
have to call Jordan home." 

The inclusion of the refugees in Jordanian 
society will further tip the balance of ihe popu- 
lation in favor of the Palestinians. Of the 4 
milJj on people in Jordan, more than 60 percent 
are of Palestinian origin. The predominance of 
the Palestinians, especially with the army and 
most of the government controlled by Jordani- 
ans, has always been a source of tension within 
the society. 

The few families with members who have 
returned to Gaza or Jericho, usually as part of 
the new Palestinian police force, are often di- 
vided about the merits of the agreement. 

“These people who want all of Palestine back 
have to accept the fact that this will never 
happen." said Halima Mahmoud Abu Shawar. 
whose son-in-law is in Gaza with the police 
force. “You just can't make a whole nation 

disappear.” 

But she was quickly criticized by other family 
members, seated on the floor in their home in 
the Nasr refugee camp in Amman. 

“My brother went to Gaza because he is a 
policeman who was ordered logo," said Ahmed 
Abdel Rahman Abu Shawar. “He doesn’t know 
about politics. This agreement fails to give us 
all our land and our rights.’’ 

Many refugees were recently encouraged by 
Mr. Arafat’s roil for a jihad, or holy war, to 
liberate Jerusalem. The PLO chief later insisted 
thai Ihe statement was taken out of context, but 
for his supporter* here it was taken as a sign 
that he would continue to fight for the destruc- 
tion of IsraeL 


Jewish 
Protesters - 
Push Gays’' 

Ceremony Stirs 
Holocaust Debate » 


JERUSALEM — A handful of* 
Jewish protesters shouted and o- 
pushed gay activists at Israel's Ho- 3T 
locaust Memorial on Monday as 4 
tbe first ceremony was held there =d 
for homosexual victims. Y 

About 100 gay activists chanted 11 
the Kaddisb mourner's hymn and ° 
other Jewish prayers as Ihe protest- y 
ers shouted abuse and threw them- * 
selves on tbe floor, which is en- 
graved with tbe names of Nazi 
death camps. 11 

Tbe controversy surrounding tbe j* 
ceremony by Israel’s main gay 6 
rights group touched off a debate & 
about whether the Holocaust * 
should be commemorated a* an ex- * 
clusively Jewish event. e 

“Quiie frankly. 1 do not think 
they deserve a separate commemo- ] 
ration," said Efntim Zuroff. chair- 
man of the Simon Wiesenthal Cen- ’ 
ter, which tracks Nazi war 1 
c riminals . 

A group of 19 rabbis placed a ’ 
large advertisement in the Jerusa- ’ 
lent Post describing such a ceremo- 1 
ny as “an abomination.” 

Yad Vasbem, the Holocaust Me- ! 
moriaL put out a statement on ' 
Monday that said: 

’The Department for Commem- 
oration simply registers those who 
request a ceremony in the Hall of 
Remembrance. Anyone who wish- 
es to identify with the memory of 
the Jewish people murdered in the 
Holocaust is free to do so." 

Gay men wore shiny white Jew- 
ish kippas or hats with “Gay Pride 
in Israel 1994" written on them. 
Activists linked arms as protesters 
wearing the beards and white pray- 
er shawls characteristic of Ortho- 
dox Jews screamed and pushed 
them. Two protesters said they 
were Holocaust survivors. 

“Jews aren't always the only vic- 
tims,” said Jack Gilbert, a Jewish 
gay activist. “Most of my mother's 
family was wiped out in the Holo- 
caust^ but 1 don't feel it takes any- 
thing away from Jewish suffering 
to remember other people suffered 
too.” 

Israel has liberal laws on homo- 
sexuality, including equal access to 
the army and anti-discrimination 
laws. But gay activists say they still 
meet opposition, particularly from 
religious sectors. 

The Encyclopedia of the Holo- 
caust estimates that about 10,000 
were rounded up as homosexuals 
under Nazi rule and transported to 
camps, where most died. 


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TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 



OPINION 


INTERNATIONAL 


(tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH TtiF SF.W YORK TIMES AMU THE WASHINGTON POST 


Armies Are S limming Down 


With the end of the Cold War, demobiliza- 
tion is on the march. Around the world troop 
levels are dropping, and so is military spend- 
ing. This little- noticed trend, documented in 
data compiled by the U.S. Anns Control and 
Disarmament Agency, offers hope that glob- 
al military tensions may diminish and that 
scarce resources can tie diverted to more 
urgent civilian needs. It also raises questions 
as to whether the United States is reshaping 
its own military as rapidly as it should to 
reflect the receding threat. 

In 1991, the latest year for which figures 
are available, the number of troops world- 
wide totaled 26 million, a drop of 2.7 million, 
or 10 percent, from 1987. The proportion of 
the world's population under arms fell to 4.8 
per 1,000 from 3.7 over the same period. And 
the troop levels are still dropping, arms ex- 
perts believe. A few armies, like China's and 
India's, are buying more-modern military 
equipment at fire-sale prices from Russia 
But others have put the brakes on military 
modernization and are making do with older 
weapons, as indicated by shrinking military 
budgets and the shriveling world arms mar- 
ket And even China's army seems to be 
plowing money Into business' enterprises in- 
stead of military preparedness. 

Global arms sales are drying up. Arms 
exports declined by 62 percent between 1987 
and 1991 to an estimated 523.S billion — a 
rough measure of the slowing of military 
modernization since few countries have in- 
digenous arms industries. Total military ex- 
penditures worldwide in 1991 were SI. 038 
trillion, a 14 percent decrease from the peak 
in 1987 and back to levels not seen since the 
iate 1970s. The steepest declines were in the 
developed world — nearly 20 percent from 


1987 levels. The trend in the developing 
world, where some two dozen wars are rag- 
ing, was more troubling — spending during 
die same period actually rose 9 percent 
to $241.7 billion. 

The Red Army experienced one of the 
sharpest cuts. In 1987, before the collapse of 
the Berlin Wall, the Soviet Union had 3.9 
million under arms. Russia's Defense Minis- 
try now hopes to keep 11 million, but Rus- 
sia's tight budget and unanswered draft calls 
make that goal unachievable. A proposed 
increase in defense spending to $29 billion is 
but a fraction of $336 billion the Soviet 
Union spent on defense in 1987. The other 
ex-Soviet republics combined are spending 
far less than Russia. 

Germany is considering a reduction in its 
armed forces to 300,000, down nearly 40 per- 
cent from 495,000 in 1987. even after absorb- 
ing East Germany’s 173.000 troops. Its 1991 
defense budget was $39.5 billion; by compari- 
son the combined West and East German 
defense budgets totaled $55.7 billion in 1987. 

There are exceptions in the developing 
world, tike Taiwan, whose mOilary budget 
rose by nearly 50 percent, and Pakistan, 
whose forces swelled 24 percent to 803.000. 
But in region after region, most armies are 
slimming down to match shrunken threats. 

By comparison, between 1987 and 1991. 
the United States cut its military budget by 
17 percent — a much less dramatic cut than 
that of its one-time rival, Russia, and less 
than that of developed countries as a group. 
The United Stales is still spending nearly as 
much as the rest of the world combined. 
That, the global military balance suggests, 
is probably too much. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Mischief Over Macedonia 


The United States did not create the Mac- 
edonia problem, but by its sluggish diplomacy 
it lets a Ere spread that could yet ignite a 
second set of Yugoslav wa is. rather than con- 
tributing to dosing down the ongoing first seL 
Washington does this mischief by bending ex- 
cessively to an assertive Greek lobby, thereby 
stiffening Athens in its dispute with the former 
Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, which is now 
a declared state. A more independent policy 
would let Washington help move both sides 
toward necessary compromise. 

The dispute between Athens and what it 
calls, by the capital's name, “Skopje" arises 
from Macedonia’s grip on a name, flag and 
constitution that Greece claims are irreden- 
tist Small and weak Macedonia badly over- 
reached in its choice of nationalist symbols 
and rhetoric. Greece is supposedly a mature 
country, able to distinguish a short-term polit- 
ical victory from a long-term strategic deba- 
cle. Bnt in response it went off the deep end, 
imposing a crushing economic embargo and 
opening an effective campaign of political 
isolation. Throw in multiethnic Macedonia's 
sharpening internal tensions and you have 
a recipe for pitching the so-far spared south- 
ern Balkans into the northern Balkans' fire. 


Washington’s role is curious. It has put near- 
ly 600 peacekeepers on Macedonia's northern 
border as a caution to Serbia. This represents 
a policy of stabilizing Macedonia. At the same 
time, though it recognizes the “Former Yugo- 
slav Republic of Macedonia," it does not send 
an ambassador. This conspicuous default has 
the effect of destabilizing Macedonia. How is 
this awkward contradiction to be explained? 
The result corresponds to the appeals of Greece 
and its friends. A look at Macedonia on a map 
tells the real story. The country abuts Serbia, 
including the inflamed Serbian province of 
Kosovo, on the north, and Albania, Greece and 
Bulgaria on its other borders. It could be the 
fuse which, race lit by, say, an explosion in 
tightly wound, maj on ty- Albanian Kosovo, 
could touch off further explosions through the 
region. Unlit, however, Macedonia also could 
be the stopper. This is the double potential that 
American diplomacy has yet to grasp. 

Greece seems unfamiliar with the require- 
ment to think in a regional context. The United 
States is in a position to render G reece a true 
friend's service — to bdp it to rise above 
parochial political coacems and face the urgent 
requirement for a responsible regional policy. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Clinton Should Respond 


The sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula 
Jones against President BtD Gin ton is a case of 
first impression — no one has ever brought a 
civil suit against a sitting president for alleged 
conduct that occurred before he took office. 
The court is sure to hear a variety of arguments 
on why the lawsuit should be thrown out. 
Unfortunately for the president, every angle 
that has been suggested so far has flaws. 

The president’s advisers have put forward a 
theory that the chief executive is immune from 
dvil suits or at the very least entitled to have 
litigation postponed until be leaves office. They 
ale a 1982 Supreme Court ruling that accorded 
President Richard Nixon this protection. But 
that case is easily distinguished because it was 
limited to suits arising out of a president's 
official acts, in that case Mr. Nixon's firing of 
the whistle-blower Ernest Fitzgerald. Such an 
immunity is similar to the kind enjoyed by 
legislators and judges who cannot be sued for 
actions taken in their official capacity. The 
allegations against Mr. Clinton arose out of 
conduct that occurred long before be became 
president and certainly involved no actions that 
were pan of his official duties. The president's 
lawyers may well ask a judge to make the leap 
from protecting official acts to shielding private 
ones, but such a finding would be a substantial 
extension of the Nixon v. Fitzgerald doctrine. 

The Harvard professor Laurence Tribe has 
another theory that is even more imaginative. 
He cites a statute that protects military person- 
nel on active duty from civil suits and argues 
that since the president is commander in chief 
of the armed forces be is included in the pro- 
tected group. The statute mentions no civilians 
and was clearly intended to cover those whose 
ability to defend lawsuits is severely hampered 
by the nature of military service. 

In addition to the immunity defense, Mr. 
Clinton’s attorneys may move to dismiss on 
other grounds, questioning, for example, Paula 
Jones’s use of an old civil rights statute to 
support a legal action that should have been 
brought under the equal employment laws — 
but an these laws the statute of limitations had 


run oul Others wiQ question the plaintiff's 
motives, point to her partisan supporters and 
complain that she wailed until the last minute 
to me this suit. But probably none of these 
objections wiD carry weight in coart. It is likely 
that motions to dismiss wiD fall But extended 
appeals may perhaps postpone a trial for years. 

The prospect of a public airing of these 
charges — true or not —is surd)' troubling for 
Mr. Clinton and for a lot of people who have an 
interest in the wdl-bdng of his presidency. But 
the alternative of granting a single individual 
special immunity from dvil suit in these cir- 
cumstances is not a good idea. Consider the 
precedent that would be set: Divorce actions 
could be delayed, child custody disputes post- 
poned for years, damage claims ranging from 
auto accidents to industrial pollution could be 
shelved leaving victims in each case without 
remedies for years. 

Like every citizen who finds himself in 
a legal dispute, the president must defend 
himself in court Frivolous cases and claims 
arising out of his office can be dismissed. His 
schedule can be accommodated and demands 
on his time But individuals with 

private claims have a right to proceed, and he 
has the obligation to respond. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 

Other Comment 
He Courted the Comparisons 

BiD Gin ton came to office embodying a num- 
ber of the cultural forces that now threaten to 
overwhelm him. He is a member of the baby- 
boom generation that brought anti-authority 
sentiments into the mainstream. He had the 
support of many groups that favor an expansion 
of die sorts of legal rights and remedies Paula 
Janes now employs. He may resent the way be is 
now treated like just another show-biz figure, but 
he once courted the conqjarisons, from the way 
be played the sax to his nickname, “Elvis." 

— Steven D. Stork, a commentator on National 
Public Radio, in the Las Angeles Tunes. 



International Herald Tribune 

ESTABLISHED IW7 

Katharine graham, arthur ochs sulzberger 

C.'-Chairmrn 

RICHARD McCLEAN. PMuhtrJi Chief Executn-e 
JOHN VlNOCUR.fiietJiflWfii&i'- Jt Wdf Pnendmr 

• WALTER WELLS. E&cr • SAMUEL ABT. KATHERINE KNORR and 

CHARLES MrraJELM0RE.O7^£in^* CARL GEWTRTZ. Associate Edix* 

i ROBERT J. DONAHUE. Eihtrv^'rlrS&orwi Pages • JONATHAN GAGE, Business and Finance Editor 

• RENE BONDY. Deputy Publisher* JAMES McLEOO, AAvtisuig Dtreanr 

• JUANITA L CASPARL Irmnilirt^DeudcnnyraDUeCtaru ROBERT FARRE, CimJaAm Director. Europe 
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I'M. Imenaemal Herdd Tnhtmr. AS nates moved. ISSN. IJ2W051 



His Foreign Policy 
Just Keeps Drifting 



ThelTadtmComlxdFhBet 


USSHariwiI 

ACWmchpre 

LANDHGi 


ygS ^ " 


By Jim Hoagland 


W ASHINGTON — What sur- 
prised you most? 1 put that 
question to someone who has at- 
tended many of the Clinton admin- 
istration's most important meetings 
on foreign policy and national secu- 
rity. The answer came without hesi- 
tation: “How much of the meeting 
was not about the meeting.” 

The official added, after a pause: 
“And bow much Bill Clinton hates 

making decisions on foreign policy. 
The only thing he would hate more 
would be letting someone else make 
the decisions. That, be won't da” 
Even so, Mr. Clinton has em- 
barked on a foreign policy season, 
delivering commencement address- 
es that rocus on his vision of the 
world and undertaking two trips to 
Europe: Lo commemorate D-Day in 
June and to attend the Group of 
Seven economic summit meeting in 
Naples in July. 

His advisers hope the speeches 
and the trips will muffle the fusil- 
lade of criticism directed at the pres- 
ident in recent weeks by those who 
have suddenly discovered that Bill 
Clinton is not a Henry Kissinger nor 
will he employ one. These aides 
count on toe trips to brighten Mr. 
Clinton's leadership image. 

Bonne chance, monsieur k president 
But Mr. Clinton's advisers may 
also want to ponder the underlying 
problems suggested by those spon- 
taneous comments from a Clinton 
friend about meetings and decision- 
making. The comments help reveal 
why the administration's unherald- 


ed Foreign policy successes stay un- 
heraldedand why Bosnia, Haiti and 
other trouble spots erupt in the me- 
dia with the irregularity and ferocity 
of gout attacks. 

“What gets brought into the meet- 
ing often has very tittle to do with the 
issue i«n der discussion,” the o ffre g d 
continued. “Past battles won at lost 
get started again in the guise of deal- 
ing with today’s subject. Issues are 
used to form or mam tain alliances 
within the bureaucracy or within the 
leadership group itself Little beyond 
the most immediate issue gets re- 
solved absent a crisp sense at direc- 
tion from the president.” 

Something new? Hardly. It is a 
description that applies to the diffi- 
culties faced by most new adminis- 
trations, a key foreign pofccymakex in 
the Bush admuristratioo said when I 
ran these comments past him. This 
rock-ribbed Republican recalled tbs 
stumbling start of the Reagan prea- 
dency and said ihai the Bush team 
had been blessed to know each other 
wefl before taking office. 

“If we had had to get to know each 
other and figure out whose judg- 
ments and motives to trust in a wood 
without the Cold War, we would 
have faced many of the same prob- 
lems,” be added. He wen ton to make 
what I think is the key point: “But 
you have to wonder now if this is just 
a learning curve problem. There are 
no signs this presidency’s grip cm 
foreign affaire is getting more solid as 
time passes. The same problems seem 
to recur, often in the same 




USSLovehsat 



form and on the same subject, That is 
the discouraging thing.” 

I heard similar observations from 
staunchly pro-American British, 
French and German officials on a 
recent trip to Europe, where the 
Bosnian crisis has significantly 
eroded American credibility. 

To be blunt about it, some of 
America’s best friends in Europe 
have concluded that they cannot 
work constructively with this ad- 
ministration and are resigned just to 
endure it. They will not say so pub- 
licly. But they no longer bother to 
hide that attitude in private; 

The Europeans arc accustomed to 
America asserting its own agenda 
and muscling them to achieve its 
goals. They know how to respond to 
that approach and protect thdr inter- 
ests. what leaves diem at a loss are 


tbeinomsisteitdesand omissions d£ 
recent US. diplomacy cat Bosnia. 
An important example: The Brit- 


ish and French felt significant pro- 
gress had been made when the unit- 
ed States agreed -to a Geneva:, 
conference an Bosnia based on a 
settlement giving the Serbs 49 per- 
cent of Bosnian territory.' Bardy 24 
boms before the conference began, 
tire E ur ope an s discovered that the 
United States had -also given, its 
blessing to a BosnianCioat 
that awarded the Serbs 
percent of the land. - ' 

The State Department initially 
could not explain to Paris or London 
how this had happened or. wind 
c ommitm e n t was tne real ctae. (It 
turned out to be the 51-49 dmaon.) 

- “This is either completely mar 
teurish or extremely cynicaL” a se- 


iiorBrilH.pffia»laii<l "Inlaid 
comprehension that now exists ue 
tween us and Washington is grate* 
tfum at any time in my experience, 
v European puzzlement over Uj- 
. intentions wifi have been deepened 


- the arms eanbatgo against Bosnia j 

the president’s qualified opposition 

to Erring the embargo spelled out m a 

■ maorrarign pcficy address at tire 
US. Naval Academy on May 25. 

Clever stag; management of tire 
trips to Europe and some wett-ddiv- 
crcd speeches fall into tire “neces- 
sary wit riot sufficient” category. 
Even as they polish Thar foreign 
. policy irnage, the president and his 
advise e should be thinking hard 
about improving the product 
The Washington Post. 


Consider This: A Broader Confederation to Pacify the Balkans 


W ASHINGTON — Massacres in 
Bosnia are only the early con- 
sequences of dividing Yugoslavia 
(the mother of all ethnically mixed 
countries) into smaller, more nearly 
“pure” stales. “Ethnic deansing” in 
Bosnia and Croatia will be followed 
by ethnic deansing in Kosovo, Mac- 
edonia and elsewhere; and there wifi 
be new wars, which may wefl expand 
beyond Yugoslavia. 

The only way to end the tragedy is 
to gp in the opposite direction — unit- 
ing, not dividing, making a bigger, 
more mixed country: a Balkan confed- 
eration that includes not only former 
Yugoslavia but Albania and Bulgaria. 

The first reaction to this suggestion 
from people who have been in the 
Balkans is a polite sntile or derisive 
laughter. Southeastern Europe may 
be the part of the woiid with the 
highest proportion of people who 
would rather take out ibeir neigh- 
bor’s eye than keep their own. 

But that is not the whole story. 
These people have lived mixed togeth- 
er for centuries, mostly in peace, and 
intermarriages are common. While 
most of the time an essential dement 
of keeping the peace has been imperial 
power — Austrian, Turkish, Commu- 
nis! — il is not inconceivable that a 
suitable substitute for imperial power 
can be constructed. 

The real response, then, is not to 
consider tbe idea a joke but. rather, to 
ask a question: How bad must it get 
before the great democracies consid- 
er what is necessary to give a Balkan 
confederation a chance of success? 

Now, Western governments are 
trying to end the crisis with evasive 
solutions for Bosnia that are clearly 
inadequate. So far, Albania and Bul- 
garia nave noL felt the effects erf 
watching Albanian and Macedonian- 
Bnlgarian communities destroyed in 
Yugoslavia. But what to do when the 
crisis worsens, as it wflj? 

Judging whether a larger confeder- 
ation would ever become the best 
available alternative requires looking 
at each stage of the problem separate- 
ly: Could a suitable constitution be 
agreed upon by any set of representa- 
tives of each national community? If 


By Mihajlo Mihajlov and Max Singer 


so, could it get enough support in 
each country, and could it overcome 
any government resistance? If it were 
installed, could it survive? 

A confederation that brings peace 
would succeed even if it did not have 
a strong central government, democ- 
racy, an integrated economy or social 
justice. Those can come later. 

Tbe ancient lesson such a confed- 
eration would build on is that it is not 
so tad to be a minority in a country 
where everybody is a minority. It is 


republic and a minority in one or 
more other parts of the country (ex- 
cept Hungarians and Turks, who 
would not be a majority anywhere, 
and Slovenians, who would not have 
a substantial minority anywhere). 

Albania would benefit from join- 
ing because that is a way, short of 
war, to protect the Albanians of Ko- 
sovo and Macedonia who are already 
and in Hangw of being 
The Bulgarians would 
gain’ by peacefully protecting the 


The first reaction to this suggestion is often a polite 
smile. But must toe stand aside as the chaos spreads? 


safe to be a minority in a province if 
the majority group in your province 
is itself a minority in another prov- 
ince of the same country, and (here 
is an overall government with a stake 
in peace and unity. 

A Balkan confederation, with its 
capital in the antient, mixed city of 
Sarajevo, would have about 10 mil- 
lion Serbs, 8 million Bulgarians, 5 
million Albanians (most of them 
Muslims), 5 million Croats; 2 milli on 
Bosnian Muslims, I J million Mac- 
edonians (whom many consider to be 
Bulgarians), about a half million each 
of Montenegrins and Hungarians, 
and almost as many Turkish Muslims 
— plus 1-5 million Slovenians if Slo- 
venia decided to be a part of it. 

But it is a mistake rally to consider 
national groups. In most recent Yugo- 
slav censuses, nearly 10 percent of the 
people gave their nationality as “Yu- 
goslav," because they were from 
mixed marriages, or immigrants, or 
did not want to identify with a nation- 
ality group. The millions erf people 
who are not deady Serbs or Croats or 
Muslims can only find a dear national 
identity in a larger unit such as Yugo- 
slavia or a confederation. 

A Balkan confederation would 
have enough Bulgarians and Albani- 
ans to balance the Serbs, and within 
the confederation each national 
group would be a majority in one 


Macedonians, for whom they fed re- 
sponsibility. Furthermore, Bulgaria 
has always seen itself as an integral 
part of the Balkan region with tbe 
other southern Slav peoples. 

Although joining a Balkan confed- 
eration would mean that Albania and 
Bulgaria would lose their small sepa- 
rate sovereignties, and thus their in- 
dependent foreign policy responsibil- 
ities, they would keep their president. 
Parliament, eta, and woulff gain 
identity and protection as part of 
a country large enough, and with 
enough historical importance, to be 
a substantial member of Europe. 

The Croats and Bosnian Muslims 
would gain from the oration of a 
confederation because most of them 
could go home to their traditional 
areas without being dominated or 
IriDed by the Serbs. And the Croats 
would again be united in a single 
country and would have a chance of 
having Krajina restored to Croatia. 

Although the more nationalistic 
Serbs would oppose the federation, 
many wonld support il It would, after 
aD, mean that all Sorbs would be living 
in tbe same country and that Serbs 
would not be isolated freon other 
groups. Further, by giving up some of 
what has been gained, they would be- 
come the largest group in a Balkan 
confederation — which appeals to a 
Serbian taste for a grander role: 


If a confederation were created, 
the armies of the current govern- 
ments wonld be disbanded, or do wh- 
ig provincial militias with 
heavy weapons transferred to 
a new federal army. The army, with 
officers and men from' all national 
groups, would be larger and better 
armed than any of the constituent 
republics. It would have the rally air 
farce in the country. .. 

The federal government would 
have patronage and prestige and 
symbols of sovereignty to rapport its 
efforts to maintain unity. No nation- 
al group would have erioogh force to 
conquer or dominate any other, their 
rivalries would have to be expressed 
in the political arena. 

A confederation would be an incal- 
culable benefit not only to the war-' 
wracked region, but to Romania, Mol- 
dova, Ukraine and other ethnically 
mixed, countries and loathe -democra- . 
ties of Western Europe. 

If tiie great democracies come to 
believe that a Balkan confederation 
offers the best hope of a solution to the 
tragedies started by the dissolution <rf 
Yugoslavia, they will not be able to 
impose such a sedation. It must come 
pnmarily from a political process 
within toe countries that would be. 
constituent republics. But tins win not 
happen without outside hdp. 

The Western democracies could_ 
put the idea of confederation an the 
agenda for Balkan leaders and peo- 
ples. A gresrpeodd be convened that 
is both representative enough and . 
positive enough about the [ 
of confederation to write a 

The West might be able to 
i the mvemments to administer a 
j fair plebiscite rax the issue. 
It probahhr has enough carrots find 


to gain the supprat of the gov- 
ernments of Albania and Bulgaria. 

The big question is Serbia. Tire cur- 
rent government would riot want to 
give up what h. has taken with so much 
mood. But there are reasons it would 
be eastra to compel Sertia to accept a. 
confederation than it would be to stop 
or prevent its aggression. in Bosnia, 
Ctoatia, Kosovo and Macedonia. 

Tbe proposal of a Balkan confed- 


eration would provide a way for 
Serbs to oppose the . dictator Slobo- 
dan Milosevic and the war “without 
. haviru to support Croats or Muslims 
orf Albanians or foreigners against 
Serbia. From- 200,000 to 300,000 
young Serin have^ Teft.because they 
are unwflfing to fight for Mr. Milose- 
vic’s nationalist policy. They and 
^their familres would be. strong sup- 
porters of Confederation- 

Today, the democrats in Croatia 
cannot hdp the democrats in Serbia, 

, or wee versa; m aJedenrikax/the non- 
national and pnnlemdaatic minor- 
ities in each republic would become 
an. important new.support for the 
f edioaL government. 

Evenjf the nse of force against the 
Sexinangovenmreut is repnred torn- 
stall a Balkan confederation, once es- 
tablished it is Hkdy to ber able to 
sustain itself without further help. If 
a major fraction of Serbs^say;40per; 
cent) voted in favor, a confederation 
could create a federal amor composed 
of all nationalities, indudmg Serfs. 

: For President Bill Clinton,, it 
would be easier to get domestic polit- 
ical support for a policy of using 
- fohx to help drate a Balkan confed- 
eration, (hair to prevent Serbs from 
slaughtering Albanians is Kosovo, or 
.committing aggression against Cro- 
afiaor Bosnian “sale hawnsT-; - - • 
. Of course a Balkan federal govern- 
ment would heed political skill — arid 
gpcxlluck — iopieventmtenial^fivi- 
sions from making tire federal anny as 
useless as the Lebanese army has been 
at times. But such bopdess. tfiviaons 
are by no means inevitable In any 
case, harmony or affection is not re- 
quired, merely a detepmnatian to find 
a way to Bye togetiier in peace ra was 
coce imposed qntbe Balkans by Aus- 
trians, Ttriis and Communists. 


”• Mr. Mihajlov, born in Yugoslavia 
andnmra.lKS, dozen, writes a column 
in Barba, the Belgrade daily. Mr. Sing- 
, or.dfqmdler of the Hudson Institute, Is 
co-author <jf*The Rad World Order. 
Zones of Peace/ Zones of. Turmoil . ” 
They contribute this comment to The 
Washington Post. . 


Hope for Palestinians and Israelis, but Also a Long Road Ahead 


J ERUSALEM — Arab setf-rule in 
Jericho and Gaza, tire Palestinians* 
first step on the road to national inde- 
pendence. comes only after years of 
occupation, with all its violence and 
indignities, frustrations and fury. 

Not only did those years stiffen 
Palestinian determination to shake 
off the Israeli yoke, but the occupa- 
tion became a growing moral poeti- 
cal and security burden for Israel 
It is not surprising now that both 
sides feel relief. But the new hope is 
mixed with anxiety, finked to uncer- 
tainty over the major challenges 
ahead. For Palestinians, tbe four big- 
gest challenges are: to organize a 
functioning administration; to mobi- 
lize financial resources and technical 
expertise; to maintain internal law 
and order, and to prevent acts of 
violence aimed at Israel. 

Isracfs readiness to proceed with 
full implementation of the agreement 
will depend on the performance of tbe 
autonomy administration, particularly 
in preventing hostile acts. The need to 
rein in extremists will severely test the 
Palestinian authorities. 

Progress will also rdy on the deter- 
mination of the Israeli government to 
resist its own militant opposition. 
The hard core of this opposition, 
mired in mysticism or false messia- 
nism. labors under the illusion that 
Israel can rule forever over 1 j mil- 
lion discontented Palestinians. Tbe 
vocal power of these militants, un- 
matched by real political and physi- 
cal strength, resounds more in the 
media than in the minds of most 
Israelis. StiU, the government does 
not underestimate tbe danger, it is 
determined to restrain tbe extremists 
by force of law. 

With the completion erf the mili- 
juJIoul from Jericho and Gaza 
■ transfer of civilian adminis- 
tration to local authorities, the next 
step is the bolding of elections in the 


By Gideon Rafael 


taiy pull 
and the 


West Bank and Gaza to set up a 

leg itimate Pales tinian a dminis trative 
authority, empowered to run the af- 
fairs erf the territories and to eugi 
in negotiation with Israel on the 
termination erf their final status. 

But several goals must be met first. 
On the Arab ride, these include: the 
election of a pro-peace administra- 
tion pledged to implement the princi- 
ples of the Oslo declaration; a 
marked improvement in sociai and 
economic conditions; strict obser- 
vance of the rights and duties under- 
taken by the parties to die agree- 
ments; a supportive attitude by 
neighboring Arab stales; benevolent 
assistance by the United States and. 
its partners; and a cessation of fears, 

the re q u ire ments 
include; p u rs u ance of policies de- 
agned to accelerate the process, avrad- 
ing legalistic squabbling; cooperation 
in areas of mutual interest, such as a 
continued regulated access at Palestin- 
ians to tbe Israel labor market; red©- 
pfoyment erf Israeli forces in accor- 
dance with the Oslo accord; and 

control of extremist demeolsoyingto 
interfere with the govemmeziiS con- 
tractual undertakings. 

The determination of the final sta- 
tus of tbe territories, to be completed 
within five years, wiD require internal 
clarification of Israel's position on 
the territorial and constitutional con- 
figuration of the territories; die fu- 
ture of the settlements; and the posi- 
tion of Arab inbabitants in united 
Jerusalem, Israel's capital 

It would be advisable for Israel to 
clarify the ultimate location of its 
eastern boundary, as well as Hs con- 
stitutional preference for the emerg- 
ing Palestinian entity, lx should con- 
sider whether a sovereiga Palestinian 
state would be a source of stability or 


of constant friction, and whether it 
would be safer and more advanta- 
geous for aD concerned to support the 
formation of an antonomoas Pales- 
tinian region enjoying all tire prerog- 
atives of independence, except de- 
fense and foragn affairs, linked in a 
federation with Jordan and Israel 
Tbe future of the settlements in the 
territories will depend on whether 
settlers want to stay put under Pales- 
tinian jurisdiction or prefer to move 
into enclaves in the autonomy zone 
or to resettle within IsraeL 
The Oslo and Cairo agreements call 
for talks on Jerusalem’s status to begin 
three years after the start of impkmen- 
fatwn Given brad’s firm determina- 
tion to retain undivided Jerusalem as 

so'i^Sgo control over the Islamic 1 
shrines and the Arab-inhabited east- 
ern part of the city, Jerusalem kxtics 
Eke the toughest outstanding question 
and should oe placed at tire bottom of 


and Israeli in this century alone. No, 
wonder their kadexship has had diffi- 
culty moving forward. 


r necessary, 


Israel will offer a 
[that the inter- 
con traverses of the Palestinians 
do not give way to acts of hostility. 

The final settlement of tbe Isradi- 
Palestiman coofiict wiU depend on the 
nature and direction of Palestinian 
' and performance; laaeTs flexi- 
and agjfihy in moving more 
' toward agreed objectives; and 

TO?ridges of confidence 2 * 

Tbe overall settlement of tire Arab- 
Israeh conflict re qu i res that peace ne- 
gotiations proceed concurrently on aD 



fronts. At present tire Syrian track, 
afihouriistio daw; holds promise, pro- 
vided American diplomacy continues 

its energetic efforts at me^ation. 

Tbtr iunire of relations between the 
Palestinians and Israel will probably 
pass through three stages: first, sepa- 
ration by a dear .dehneation of the 
borda s recogmed by both; then an 
: extension of cooperation; and, even tu- 

& a fona of association within a 

.perhaps confederal framework. 

The writer is a firmer director- gen. 
crafofthe Israel Foreign Ministry and 
former ambassador to the United Na- 
tions.- He contributed this [() 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND SO YEABSAOn 


Yasser Arafat's recent call for a 
jihad to lake Jerusalem, even if he 
later Issued a “clarification,” was 
nonetheless a setback to pxospecu for 
a rational discussion of the issue, . 

Jerusalem, exarhe of the Hebrew na- 
tion and tire spiritual focus of the 
Jewish people, had never in its nriDe- 
narian bxstocy been the capital of an 
Arab state. Safeguards for the protec- 
tion of and access to the holy pikes of 
Islam and Christianity, as wdl as the ■ 
free functioning of iharrdigiousinsti-. 
tutions, can be ensured by agreement. 

Israel and the stales committed 10 ' 
tbe peaceful settlement of the confBct 
are watching intensely, and with sym- 
pathy, as the Palestinian people take 
thdr first steps on tire road to sdf-ruk. . 

AH through history the Palestin- 
ians had been subjected to foreign 
rule — Turkish, British, Jradaman. 


1894: Bulgaria in Crisis 

PARIS— Last week the attention of 
Europe was directed to events io Ser- 
via. This week ills the lam of Balgar- 
it The sudden dismissal of M.Stam- 
bouloff almos t resembles a coup 
(FEtat, and two such events in the 

Rwflrgn Brnnwiin haw much ni gntfi- 

caiice. This is tire' in^resaon among' 
political men in all die European cq>- 
uals. In arc h country, however, great 
re&mce^ is placed on the geBgral do- 
are foe peace, and on the reluctance 
of its neighbors to go to war/ Better 
guarantees conld scarcely befotthd. 
Nevertheless, it should not be. forgot-., 
ten that for. many years past ML : 
Stambocfoff has been at cure and the : 
same time the stimulant .and the aro- 
dyne of a nation always ready for 
bank, and that h is not eaqr to ford; 

see wi debnfie Bulgaria may pursue. 

in France ;y 

PARIS --PresdenLWDson, standing 


orotoy ofSuresws yesterday after- 

mxm [May 301, m the course of oneSf 

tbt mast impressive and remarkable 

SSsaassSS 

was on foreign but friendly soil ™ 
mg tribute in the name erf aluS - 
cans to their fellow countrwn^S 1 ' 
hawdfed is the **» 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


OPINION 


Page 7 S 


s *’ 





!wtct . • .,_ ,T. a-Tw -Jr 1 ' 

is- ■' 1 ^r.-^*i 

•■:7r: -«5fe 

-•■'<-*■ ■- — -vCSA^"- 


- *» N ..'._ *->.£* 
'. ?.-■ 

•"-- re«; ? ’ 






•.*: :.r .rrxr..:: 
■■ _ _:•. :• -.i-.ci:: 


On the $100,000 Profit, 

Time to Find the '. Loser ’ 


By William Saf Ire 


W ~~ by ocrud- 

Dulled nff S bl i j m ^haht being 
H“? off an old wound, the cover stay 

W0GO^iS 1 K nS r^ azins oa *ye* 
MWOpcrce at profit uiihecommod- 

pedod away. 

wirn each disclosure of blatanllv 
preferential treatment and credii im- 

SanS; ' «ten. d «i. of trades made in 
their behalf with little or perhaps no 
Uiston input, and of records strange- 
ly missing for one in five key transac- 
“jos — u becomes harder Tor the 
t- unions s^d their apologists to main- 
tam the fiction that the financial bo- 
nanza had anything to do with busi- 
ness judgment or even luck. 

Common sense suggests that a person 
or persons unknown, possibly acting 
tnrougb thud parties, determined that 
the new governor of Arkansas and iris 
wife would be the recipient of almost 
eractly $100,000 in trading “profits" on 
*oe wudly risky commodities markets. 
Wouldn’t a hidden friend in need later 
have a substantial call cm the Clintons? 

If my theory is correct, and as infor- 
mation continues to be developed to 
show the passivity of the Clinton partici- 
patiaa, the directing of a huge bundle of 
money into the Clinton pocket could be 
classified under a word that has only 
beat whispered in connection with this 
deal* bribery, in its most modem form. 

I do not use the term in its narrow 
legal sense, requiring a specific quid 
pro quo. Rather, I base my definition 


ispl® 

• Kts?— ‘ ' 3 ..I 


onMemara-'Webster’s Third Un- 
abridged: “a price, reward, gift or favor 
bestowed or promised with a view to 
pervert the judgment or comipt the 
conduct esp. of a person in a position 
of trust (as a public official).** 

That’s the way the subtle new bribery 
works: Make somebody beholden to 
you, through an un traceable source, and 
somewhere down the hoc the public 
official is likely to snrile kindly on one of 
your government-regulated enterprises. 

In the Clinton case of sudden wealth 
through commodity trading, however, 
there is this wrinkle: When somebody 
wins 5100,000 in this game, it means 
that others lose exactly that much. Just 
as the winners dutifully declare the 
profits on their tax return, the losers 
declare their losses — and thereby re- 
duce their tax liability. 

The winning Clinton^ slipping past 
the requirement to go into del^l, report- 
ed a net income of 572,000 from com- 
modity trading on their 1979 return. 
Their statement, winch does not label 
this income the gift that I drink it is, 
should not worry them. Even if it was 
a gift, reward or favor, they are in the 
clean The six-year statute of linatarions 
on Section 7206 of the Internal Revenue 
Code — about willful false statements 
on a tax return — ran out long ago. 

But the person or persons un&own 
who “lost" this matey, if they did so 
deliberately by allocating the loss “leg” 
of a trade to themselves {or to anyone 




iiss™ e 



'Cattlefutures is where it’s at! Ijusi put aU our scorings in cattle futures! 9 


in what 1 suspect is a conspiracy), 
might have a problem if anybody be- 
gan poking around in old records or 
faHng testimony undo* oath. 

That is because they probably de- 
ducted their losses on their own lax 
returns, reducing the amount they 
owed the IRS. According to a source 
familiar with that service, who looks 
with dismay at the see-no-evil agents 
at the Little Rock office, that trick of 
sharing with Uncle Sam the cost of 
making the winners rich might consti- 
tute tax fraud. 

“Section 6663, the fraud penalty pro- 


vision, has no statute of limitations," 
be or she informs me. “You could pros- 
ecute for an offense clear back to 1913, 
when income taxes began." 

Thus, the way to discover possible 
motives behind the transfer of a bo- 
nanza to the Clintons — the nest egg 
underneath the Whitewater hen — 
would be for the special counsel Rob- 
ert Fiske to call Clinton advisers and 
brokers, including their clients as well 
as those behind the Clintons’ small 
account at Stephens Inc., before one 
of his grand juries. 

This he is not doing. Nonindepen- 


dent counsel is sticking to his charter 
rather than follow where the trail leads. 

If he won’t investigate, who wifi? 
Last week, a House-Senate conference 
finally agreed on an Independent 
Counsel Act; the Senate promptly con- 
firmed it, and the House final action is 
scheduled this week. President dim on 
cannot avoid signing it. 

U the Fiske force continues to 
flinch, a truly independent, court-ap- 
pointed counsel would be better suit- 
ed to getting the whole truth about the 
$100,000 “profit.” 

The New York Tones. 


tlicBaUsa® Standing Between Giants 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Regarding "Germany and Russia Are 
Getting Together” (Opinion, May 17) by 
Jim Hoagland: 

While accepting overall the analysis 
of Mr. Hoagland, I take little comfort 
from a lessening of American power in 
European affairs. I strongly believe 
that American leadership must be en- 
hanced to achieve a balance between 
Germany and Russia. 

Gamany is seeking Amaican involve- 
ment in die shaping of Europe’s future 


because American foreign poficy lacks 
direction. Indeed, many IXS. senators 
have voiced misgiving over the Hinton 
administration policy toward Russia. 

I have a dream of a strong America 
that is clearly in control erf the situation. 
1 have a dream of America standing 
right in the middle of tbe two European 
giants. I have a dream of America show- 
ing determination and leadership and 
not just watching events unfold. 

I agree with Mr. Hoagland that the 
United States and other NATO mem- 


bos do not necessarily have cause to 
suspect tbe motives of Germans and 
Russians in establishing their new dia- 
logue. But I also believe that America 
must be involved, not just because its 
friends are ltindly extending an invita- 
tion to participate, but because it is 
profoundly in the national interest. 

It is good to hear that there is 
a s tron g Bonn-Washington partner- 
ship. It is interesting to note that there 
is a new dynamic at work til the Bonn- 
Moscow conversations. But let me ask 
one simple question: Where does 
America stand in all of this? 

CHRISTIAN D. D£ FOULOY. 

Geneva. 

Risky ^Equidistance’ 

Part of the cause of the never-ending 
quality of the war in Bosnia-Heizegovi- 
na lies in the excessive legalism of inter- 
national organizations. In 1991, when 
Yugoslavia began to fall apart, Croatia 
expected the European Community and 


United Nations to quickly accept its bid 
for independence, hoping that its inter- 
national recognition would stave off the 
looming Yugoslav Army aggression. 

In the absence of international recog- 
nition, and due to its lack of firepower, 
Croatia could not put up credible deter- 
rence against Yugoslav, Le. Serbian, ter- 
ritorial appetites. Croatia had lo wait six 
long months before it was finally recog- 
nized by tbe European Community, and 
several more months before it joined the 
UN dub. 

Meanwhile, it had lost 25 percent of 
its territory to the invading Serb-domi- 
nated Yugoslav Army, and continues to 
shoulder a burden of over 500.000 refu- 
gees and displaced people. 

In order to explain away its blatant 
aggression, the Serb-dominated Yugo- 
slav Army elegantly described its on- 
slaught as a “necessary procedure to 
punish Croat. CIA-sponsored fascist 
outlaws.” Unfortunately, these wide- 
spread myths still abound in Serbia. 

It must be noted that a large number 
of Croatian officials have an anti-fascist 


and democratic background and arc res- 
olutely opposed to all types of totalitar- 
ian temptations. It is, indeed, remark- 
able to observe the proliferation of 
different political parties and media 
openness in a war-threatened Croatia. 

Over the last two years, the United 
Nations and other international actors 
have not been able to find a solution for 
the Serb-occupied territories in Croatia, 
let alone put an end to the carnage in 
neighboring Bosnia-Herzegovina. To- 
day, international actors and sane me- 
dia representatives seem to be running 
out of formulas on bow to end this 
conflict in the heart of Europe. 

Some foreign politicians and jour- 
nalists now resort to the self-serving 
ctichi that the chaos in Bosoia-Herze- 
govina is inherent to tbe “tribal” and 
“religious” history of the waning Bal- 
kan peoples. When this quasi-racist ar- 


A Plywood Force at Calais, 
And Phony Radio Chatter 


By Roy Godson 


alike. 

The legal options for Croatia and 


neighboring, war-tom Bosnia-Herze- 
govina have been difficult since the day 
of Serbian aggression. The internation- 
al community has constantly pushed 
the Bosnian Muslims and Croats to 
negotiate with the invading Serbs, thus 
inadvertently providing legitimacy to 
the Serbian land grab. 

This exercise in international “legal 
equidistance.” while seriously crip- 
pling the credibility of the United Na- 
tions, risks sparking a much wider war 
in the Balkans. 

TOMISLAV SUNIC. 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

Zagreb. Croatia. 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor " and contain the writer's sig- 
nature, name and full address Let- 
ters should be britf and are subject lo 
editing. We cannot be responsible [or 
the return of unsolicited manuscripts. 


W ASHINGTON — In the days 
ahead we will celebrate the spec- 
tacular achievements, and honor tbe 
tremendous sacrifice, of D-Day — June 
6, 1944. But the retelling of the massive 
invasion — involving 5,000 ships. 
20.000 vehicles and more th an 150,000 
soldiers on June 6 alone — will be 
in complete if we do not recall that 17- 
Day’s success was made possible by a 

1944 NORMANDY 1994 " 

counterintelligence operation so well 
conceived and coordinated that it re- 
mains a standard of excellence. 

Double agents, the breaking of Ger- 
man codes, and elaborate deception 
schemes — aO were vital to the success 
of D-Day. It is the stuff of spy novels, 
only in this case it was very real. 

To start, British security forces were 
remarkably successful in detecting 
German spies sent to infiltrate the 
United Kingdom. Some were hanged, 
some imprisoned, but a number were 
turned into double agents by M15. Brit- 
ish counterintelligence. 

Through them, the Allies learned 
what Nazi intelligence wanted to know 
and, from this, inferred Nazi strategic 
designs. They also became part of an 
elaborate network of real and fictitious 
spies (the “Double Cross System”) that 
was used to feed false and misleading 
intelligence back to Berlin, including 
supposed plans and preparations for 
the Allied invasion of France. 

A second, critical dement was the 
British ability to intercept and decode 
much of Nazi military, diplomatic and 
intelligence communications. With as- 
sistance from Polish and French intelli- 
gence before the war and the help of 
German security officials who refused to 
believe that their codes had been bro- 
ken, British cryptologists managed to 
crack “Eni g ma* the German's sophisti- 
cated electromechanical enciphering 
machine. The decoded German mes- 
sages, known as “Ultra," became the 
most closely guarded secret of the war. 

With double agents in place, and 
Enigma broken, the structure was in 

C * for a grand deception. The Allies 
two goals: to mask the initial as- 
sault at Normandy and to buy time to 
gain a foothold in coastal France. The 
ruse they came up with was the linchpin 
of the invasion strategy. 

First, they had to convince Hitler 
that the invasion would not take place 
at Normandy bul to the north at Pas de 
Calais. Calais is at tbe narrowest part 
of the English Channel and Hitler be- 
lieved tbe Allies would strike there. 

In the months leading up to D-Day, 
what appeared to be an enormous Al- 
lied buildup was deployed across from 
Calais in England. German reconnais- 
sance planes spied this assemblage of 


tanks, barges and aircraft. They did 
not, however, detect that most were 
made of plywood, paint and tarpaulin. 
Nor, because of artful Allied security 
practices, did they detect the building 
of the man-made “harbors" intended 
for use at the harborless Normandy 
beaches. And finally, though German 
intelligence intercepted Allied radio 
communications, it was the phony 
chatter of a nonexistent army, over 
which a very real U.S. Army general 
George Patton, presided. 

Because of Ultra, the Allies knew that 
Hitler bad swallowed the bait. But it was 
not enough simply to shield the June 6 
assault. Success depended on convincing 
Hitter that Normandy was a feint to mask 
tbe “real" assault at Calais. The Allies 
made a bold gambit. They provided the 
Gomans advance notice of tbe Norman- 
dy invasion. A British double agent, Juan 
Pujol Garda, code-named “Garbo," 
lipped bis German handlers of the land- 
ing hours before the first wave of men 
and equipment hit the beach. 

Too late to do the Germans any good, 
Garbo’s warning cemented his creden- 
tials as a top spy, setting tbe stage for a 
more critical step in the deception effort 

By June 9, 1944, the German generals 
were clamoring for ranforcemems at 
Normandy. Hitler initially complied. 
But then Garbo urgently reported that 
all of his “agents” —fictitious creations 
of British counterintdligeiice — were 
convinced that Normandy was a diver- 
sion. The real strike, Garbo insisted, 
would still occur at Calais. 

Hitler read Garbo's cable and re- 
scinded the order to reinforce Norman- 
dy. For critical weeks after D-Day, the 
FQhrer continued to hold in reserve 
more than a quarter-million German 
soldiers awaiting the much-anticipated 
attack at Calais. 

So what is the lesson to be drawn from 
D-Day for today? 

At a minimum, it chaUeng M the no- 
tion, perpetuated not long ago in a news- 
paper editorial that “spy wars are a 
sideshow of passionate interest to the 
actors, but of marginal significance f or 
national poficy.” 

More broadly, the brilliance of Allied 
counterintelligence strategists, analysts 
and operators involved in p lanning 13- 
Day is a reminder that governments that 
take connterinielhgeDce seriously bold 
an advantage, sometimes a crucial ad- 
vantage, over stales that do not. 

This will be true as long as stales have 
adversaries, and each has an interest in 
masking its true intentions and capabili- 
ties from the other. 

The writer is a professor of govern- 
ment at Georgetown University and coor- 
dinator of the Washington-based Con- 
sortium for the Study of Intelligence. He 
contributed this comment to the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune. 


BOOKS 


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LEONARD BERNSTEIN 

By Humphrey Burton. Illustrat- 
ed. 594 pages. $25. Hew York: 
Doubleday. 

Reviewed by 
Bernard Holland 

/''V NE of my last experiences of 
KJ Leonard Bernstein was a per- 
formance of the “New Worid" 
Symphony at Avery Fisher Hall in 
198ol In the famous slow move- 
ment, Dvorak’s orchestra sings a 
lovely made-up folk tune, a melody 
later parlayed into “Gang Home* 
and into a place in musical lore. It 
is a simple song. Bernstein made it 
an anguished lament in a perfor- 
mance so glacially slow as to take 
the breath away. It was brilliant 
conducting, sustaining a powerful 
mood at an impossible tempo. 

“Going Home” popped mto my 
mind three-quarters of the way 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


• Vrrfan Lewis, editor of Global 
Investing a newsletter specializing 
in international stocks, is reading 
“Meats,” by Art Spiegelman. 

“He has increased the under- 
standing of the Holocaust by this 
extraordinary device of drawing its 
participants as. cats and mice, Si us 
priding an incredible rihnen.qnn to 
the way imama beings behave." 

' '{Lawratce Malkin, IHT) 



ard Bernstein," the new and some- 
what official biography of the 
Ameri can mndcian. who died in 

1990. Burton is dutifully quoting 
critics cl Bernstein's 1973 Norton 

Lectures at Harvard, and one is the 
writer Mkhad Steinberg who re- 
grets Bernstein’s “fatal gift of pro- 
jecting biriiseif rather than the topic 
f> at hand.” Here was my “New 
World" as wdl: a performance less 
about the soul of Antonin DvunSk 
than the soul of Leonard Bernstein. 

This may seem a negative way to 
intro duce the fife of a man who did 


By Robert Byme 
A nSWANATHAN ANAND tri- 
V limphed in the Melody Amber 
Tournament in Monaco. The high 

O of the play can be seen in 
s defeat of Judit Polgar in 
their blindfold-quick game in 
Round 1. 

The sophisticated players of to- 
day know that when they set up a 
Scheveningen Variation Sicilian 
Defense-with 5-d6, tlwy are Iikdy 
to be couftoj^ by the sharp 
Keres Attack with 6 §4, which aims 
for a higbyowered onslaught. But 
they also know that jf the attack 
does not succeed the while posi- 
tion ran become overextended and 
flimsy. - 

Tbe standard weapon of fighting 
against a wing assault —a counter- 
attack m the .denter — does not 
wok in This opening- Thus, 8_.d5 
would be repelled by 9 Bh5 Bd7 10 
ed Nd4 1 1 BdTQd7 12Qd4Nd5 13 
Nd5 Qd5 14 Qd5 ed 15 Be3, with 
White havingstroug endgame pres: 
sure against the isolated d5 pawn 
after 16 G-O-O. 


So much for muse, but so colored 
are Bernsteio’s magnificent 
achievements by his monstrous 
need far self-promotion that ate is 
compelled to do so. IBs appetite for 
evety aspect oT life was awesome, 
and if we artempt to separate (he 
person from the music; we fail to 
recognize the powerful inner source 
that led his hungers. 

As Burton’s year-by-year, often 
momb-by-month chromde tells us, 
Bernstein's frenetic embrace of 
popular and classical cultures was 
wdl advanced during Ids upper- 
mukne-class adolescence in Massa- 
chusetts. He composed fa Broad- 
way, the opera house and tbe 
conceal stage. He played the piano. 
He conducted. He was a master of 
tderirion and an eloquent explain- 
er of his art Stravinsky called him 
“a department store of musk.” 

In a city not known for its love of 


CHESS 


MUMfVSUOC 


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mm ml 



gar last year io Madrid, .'Anunch 
recaptured with 10 bg, but this.time 
he went forthe provocative 10 2^5;' 
Ii involved: a pawn sacrifice ■ (hat 
Polgar accepted with I6_f6 17 8e3 
Rh4. Anand u^ cqunting OE bis" 


MUNDpMIE 

Position after 34... Qfa5 

rapid development and black weak 
.points at eS .and g6 to justify his 
ambitions. 

After 1 8 Ned4 Nc5, Anand went 
right to battle with 19 f4! 

On l9_.Ne4 2D Qg2, Polgar 
could not counterattack with 
20JBb7 because 21 Ne6! Qf7 22 
Ng7 Bg7 23-Rtf Nc3 24 be Bg2 25 
Rf7 Bfl 26 Rf6Ng4 27 Rfd6 Ne3 
28 Re6 Kf7 29 Re3 W4 30 cb yields 
White an endgame two pawns 
ahead. 

' After 20— Ng3 21 Qg3 Rg4 22 
Qh3 f5 23 fe de 24 Nf3, Polgar had 
a material advantage of Took and 
three pawns for two knights, but 
the biack king was sol a target in 
-the center. 


Americans or of Jews, tbe Vienna 
Philharmonic worshiped Leonard 
Bernstein. Israel thought him a po- 
litical asset. During his years at the 
New Yak Philharmonic, rehears- 
als were chaotic, but this profes- 
sionally callnsed bunch of players 
loved him dearly. Bernstein had the 
aura of a pep star, which made it all 
the mote gaffing for his ego when 
he once appeared scantily dad on 
the beaches of Ipanema and was 
recognized by no one. In his bisex- 
ual private fife, in his social and 
political passions and in his bouts 
with food, drink and pais, Bern- 
stein was m insatiable devourer, 
his faults and virtues indivisible. 

Fa example, be almost single- 
handedly resurrected the sympho- 
nies of Mahler. Why? One reason 
was a viaonary desire to restore a 
neglected repertory. The other rea- 
son is equally dear. Hus was music 


She tried 24 w Be7, bul after 25 
Qh5 KfS, Anand cat a path into the 

black position with 26 Bb6! On 
26„Qb6, there could have followed 
27 Nc5 Kg8 28 QT7 Kh7 29 Ng4 
Qb7 30 Nc5! Qf3 (30„Bc5 31 Nf6 
Khti leads to 32 Qh5 male) 31 Be2 
Qh3 32 Qe7 fg 33 Qg5, with annihi- 
lation to come. 

Polgar hung cm with 26~Qb8 27 
Bc5! Bc5 28Rd8 Ke7 29 Qe8 KI6 
30 Nc5 Qc7, but after 31 Qf8 Qf7 
32Qd6e433 Qd4 Ke7 34Ne5 Qh5. 
Anand delivered the lethal blow 
with 35 RgSl, threatening 36 QdS 
mate After the desperate 35_Bb7 
36 Qd7.KfS 37 Ng4 Qg4 38 Qe6, 


tbe agony with 38_Kg5 39 Rg7. 


SICILIAN DEFENSE 


1 M 

2 NO 
344 

4 MM 

5 Nc3 

?£ 

IT 

19 B«5 
II Nfai 
UQ8 
13 00-0 
|< Kbl 
15 Rg3 
IB Ne2 
17 Be9 
IS N*M 
10 f* 


written by a conductor fa conduc- 
tors, and its mammoth complica- 
tions woe soluble only by a charis- 
matic leader operating at comer 
stage. That kind of hunger fa atten- 
tion follows Bernstein’s life from his 
education at Harvard, his immer- 
aoo in the American musical and 
his spectacular triumphs as a sym- 
phonic conductor to his stubbondy 
fought physical and creative decline, 
lived out amid splendid affluence. 

Bunoa, a British television and 
film directa, has worked hard to 
be objective, but be hasn't a 
chance. He has the good sense to 
include unpleasant facts, but hagi- 
ography ir in tbe air. He followed 
Bernstein and his life for 30 years. 
Although he carefully depicts 
Bernstein's successes and failures, 
his youthful homosexual exploits 
and the joys and sorrows of his 
marriage to Felicia MonteaJegre, 
be asks few hard questions. The 
view in this book is always from 
within the Bernstein camp. 

Despite the candor, Bemsiein’s 
detractors are acknowledged and 
then fended off, tike enemies. Bern- 
stein, fa example, is shown blaming 
a heavy conducting schedule for his 
waning creativity. No one asks if he 
simply had no more to say as a 
composer. Maybe it is cot uuc. but 
the question must be asked. Bur- 
ton's biography is valuable for its 
wide access to Bernstein’s papers. It 
is also a kind of hymn. The two facts 
go hand in hand. 

Leonard Bernstein came to mu- 
sic at a time when American com- 
posers were still refining away their 
natural rambunctiousness, sup- 
pressing a surreptitious love of gau- I 
dy colors and loud noise. American 
classical music would have a native 
flava but adhere lo European 
taste Bernstein balked. He saw the 
power of popular music. He made 
our bad teste beautiful. In two 
splendid stage works, "Trouble in 
Tahiti” and “West Side Story.” He 
legitimized American vulgarity and 
turned the accepted aesthetics of 
classical music on its ear. 

If Leonard Bernstein’s later music 
is less interesting, if Ms absurd wag- 
gles and leaps on the conductor's 
podium drove us mad, if his private 
adventures caused the occasional 
shudder, there is “West Side Slav,” 
which helped give the country a 
strong and joyous voice of its own. 

Bernard Holland is on the staff of 
The New York Times 


TO OUR 
READERS 
jN 

LUXEMBOURG 

It’S never 
been easier 
lo subscribe 
and save. 
Just call 
toll-free: 

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JUNE 

5-11 

1944 

SEVEN DAYS THAT 
CHANGED THE WORLD 

•The historic week started with 
the fall of Rome and 
continued with the D-Day 
assault and the Allied 
advance into Normandy. 

To commemorate these 
dramatic days, we will 
reproduce the seven front 
pages from the New York 
Herald Tribune which 
chronicled the first week of 
the rebirth of liberty on the 
European continent 
Ftfty years later, you’ll follow 
the events day-by-day from 
the reports of the Herald 
Tribune’s award-winning 
team of war correspondents. 

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Invasion On, Allies Land in France 
A* Planes* and Ship* Blast Coast; 



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.Allies Take Firsl Town in France; 
Cut Cherbourg Road ol Baveox; 
German Re&tance U* Stiffening; 



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Don’t miss the International Herald Tribune’s 
special commemorative series starting Saturday, June 4th. 


Heral 





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Page 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. TUESDAY, 


MAY 31, 1994 





/TW, 


7°r?9. 

a 


EUROPE: France Calls for 'New Founding Contir-** 




Compiled h C>nr Stuff From Dispatches 

TOKYO — North Korea has 
been offered economic aid in re- 
luro for international inspections 
of installations suspected of a nu- 
clear arms connection. Prime Min- 
ister Tsulorau tfaia said Monday. 

“It has been conveyed to them 
that if they opened their door. 
South Korea, die United States. 
China and Japan could join hands 
and extend as much cooperation as 
possible in raising living standards 
in North Korea,” he told the House 
of Representatives budget commit- 
tee. 

Foreign Minister Koji Ka- 
kjzawa, who also appeared before 
the committee, said Japan was wor- 
ried about North Korea’s refusal to 
allow the International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency 10 sample Fuel rods 
being removed from a nuclear reac- 
tor at Yongbvon. 

The Security Council was ex- 
pected to discuss on Tuesday what 
to do in response to North Korea's 
refusal. The agency has said Pyong- 
yang is in violation of safeguard 
"rules under the Nuclear Nonprolif- 
eration Treaty. 

France, through its Foreign Min- 
istry spokesman in Paris, said 
Monday that “the adoption of 
sanctions by the Security Council 
would become indispensable" if 
council members confirmed the 
agency findings. 

The sampling of spent fuel rods 
is necessary to determine if weap- 
o os-grade plutonium has been di- 
verted. 


The Japanese foreign minister 
said, "We are concerned because it 
will become difficult in a few days 
to mate the verification if they go 
ahead at the current pace." 

A senior Japanese official said he 
was aware of press reports that 
North Korea was preparing to lest 
a missile that could strike Japan 
with a nuclear warhead. 

“Bull would like to refrain from 
commenting on what they might 
do.” said the official. Chief Cabinet 
Secretary Hiroshi Kumagai. 

He said he was not certain if the 
projected lest was linked to the 
nuclear standoff. 

In May last year. North Korea 
test-fired’ the Nodong- 1 missile, 
which has a range of 1.000 kilome- 
ters £625 miles), in the Sea of Japan. 

Yomiuri reported Saturday that 


the Japanese government learned 
of the new launching plan from 
U-S. satellite intelligence reports. 
These indie a Led that trucks and 
cranes had arrived at a missile base 
in North Korea and a number of 
survey ships to gauge the flight or 
missiles were anchored offshore. 

In SeouL senior officials dis- 
closed lhai South Korea had asked 
the United States not to resume 
high-level talks with North Korea 
unless the nuclear inspections were 
allowed. 

South Korea also is asking China 
to persuade North Korea to drop 
its opposition to full inspections, 
they said. 

“It is our government's position 
that there should be no high-level 
U.S.-North Korea talks unless 


agreement is reached with the agen- 
cy on inspections." said a South 
Korean official, who asked not to 
be identified. 

Another ministry official said 
the South Korean position was 
conveyed when Foreian Minister 
Han Sung Joo met with U.S. .Am- 
bassador James Laney on Monday. 

Last week, die United States said 
•i was willing to resume high-level 
talks with North Korea on the nu- 
clear dispute and setting terms for 
beuer bilateral relations. Two pre- 
vious rounds made no progress. 

President Kim Young Sam of 
South Korea convened a meeting 
of security-related cabinet officials 
Mondav. “International efforts to 
resolve’ the dispute through dia- 
logue are at a crucial crossroads." 
he said. t AFP. Reuters) 


' No 5 to Women 


HUNGARY; Entrepreneurs 

Continued Irani Page 1 


x-'Lommunists 


all walks of life with fond memories 
of the security and welfare benefits 
or the old system. According to 
official returns from Sunday's run- 
off elections, the Socialists will 
have 209 of 386 seats in Parliament, 
a clear majority. 

“There has been quite a shift in 
the [Socialist] voter profile." he 
said in an interview. “It is much 
more anti-market, anti-privatiza- 
tion, more for egalitarian values 
and soda! redistribution. They are 


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For further information, contact Philip Orna in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1 ) 46 37 52 1 2 




licratb^gribune. 


luiaiw 


the traditional, oldtime socialist 
supporters." 

“This is something that should 
bother the Socialist Party and ev- 
ervbodv else since they didn't run 
on a traditional socialist program." 
he added. “But it's base wants to go 
back to egalitarian solutions." 

In the wake of ihe Socialist vic- 
tory. the question being asked by 
Hungarians and foreigners alike is 
which faction of the now highly 
eclectic Socialist Party wifi prevail 
in the coming struggle to define its 
economic and social policies? 

Will it be the more orthodox, 
old-time socialists and labor unions 
led by Sandor Nagy , second on the 
parly's election list? Or the faction 
led by Laszlo Bekesi. the party's 
chief "liberal reformer, third on the 
list and tipped to become the nett 
finance minisicr? 

The party is scheduled to hold a 
convention here Saturday both to 
formally name its prime minister 
and outline its policies. 

Peter Zwack. the only member of 
the small Partv of Entrepreneurs to 
be elected to’ Parliament, believes 
the question of which faction pre- 
vails inside Lhe Socialist Party will 
make a big difference as to Hunga- 
ry's future political stability and 
economic prospects. 

He is worried that the Socialist 
Party leader. Gyula Horn, who is 
expected to be’ its candidate for 
prime minister Saturday, is basical- 
lv more sympathetic to the "old 
socialist'* Nagy wing than the new 
“social democrat" Bekesi line. 


“Many fear is that if Mr. Horn 
and Mr." Nagy get the upper hand, 
then the liberal Bekesi program 
won’t go through and the union 
influence will be so strong on a 
Socialist government that there's 
no chance for an economic reviv- 
al." 

Right now. Mr. Horn is talking 
as if he were on Mr. BekesTs side 
and a true believer in liberal eco- 
nomic reform, although Free Dem- 
ocrat leaders were asking today 
why Mr. Bekesi was absent from 
the podium at the victory news con- 
ference on Sunday night while Mr. 
Nagy, the labor union chief, was 
there. 

In a broadcast interview, he 
sought to reassure skeptics that 
there were no longer any Commu- 
nist “hard-liners" left within the 
Socialist Pam s ranks. 

During the’ campaign. Mr. Horn 
echoed Mr. Bekesi's proposal for a 
“social pact" between the govern- 
ment. labor unions and employers 
to set prices, wages and other poli- 
cies while the country gets on with 
its painful free market reforms. 


Libya Finishes Pullout 
From the Aouzou Strip 


“We don't know which wing is 
stronger, the old socialises or the 
social democrats." Mr. Zwack said 
in an interview. “The party might 
split into two factions. 


Refers 

TUNIS — Libyan troops have 
completed their withdrawal from 
the Aouzou Strip, a Chadian diplo- 
mat in the Libyan capital said 
Monday, and Chad said it was 
ready to take over ihe desert area. 

The Tripoli-based diplomat said 
a handover ceremony would take 
place on Monday £n the desert 
strip, which Chad and Libya fought 
over for years. In February, the 
International Court of Justice ruled 
that it belonged to Chad. 


Massachusetts Institute of Technology 


Summer Professional Programs 



APPLIED BIOLOGY/ 
HEALTH SCIENCES 


Biomechanics of Human Movement in 

Ortoopaedlcs, Rehabilitation, Neuroscience 
and Spoils, Neville Hogan June 13 - June 17 

Advances in Controlled Release Technology: 
Polymeric Delivery Systems tor 
Pharmaceuticals. Proteins and Other Agerts, 
Robert S. LanperJuly 18 - July 22 

New Developments in Biotechnology, 

Anthony J Smstey August 1 - August 5 
Downstream Processing, Charles L Cooney 
August 8 - August 12 

Fermentation Technology, Daniel I.C. Wang 
August 15 - August 19 

Analytical Biochemistry In Process Monitoring 
and Validation, Daniel LC. Wang 
August 1- August 5 

Cardiovascular Pathophysiology tor Engineers 
and Scientists, Richard J Cohen 
June 6 -June 10 


.COMPUTER RELATED 


Object-Oriented Systems: Technology aid 
Applications, Duwurv Shram 
June 6 -June 10 

Design and Analysis of Distributed Protocols, 

Nancy A. Lynch and NirShavit 
July 25 -July 29 

Digital Communications Networis, Robert GaHager 
June 13 -June 17 

A Peek at Parallel Processing, Alan Eddman 
July 11 - July 15 

Parallel Programming and Dataflow Architectures 
(with Programming Laboratory on Monsoon 
Dataflow Machines), Anind 
Augusts- August 12 


Architectures and Systems, F. Thomson 
Leighton and Charles E Lersorson 
June 6 -June 10 


ENGINEERING 

Tools ami Techniques tor Collaborative 
Engineering, DuwunrSnrm 
August 8 -August 12 

Assessing Organic Pollutants In tin Environment, 

Philip M.Gschweod 
July 11 -July 15 

Machinery Noise & Diagnostics, Richard H. Lyon 
August 8 -August 12 

The Principles of Design: Axiomatic Design 

Theory & Methodology, Nam P. Suh 
July 25 -July 29 

Neural Networks tor Nonlinear Estimation and 
Control, Jean-Jacques Sfotine and 
Robert M. Sanner July 18 - July 22 
Homan Centered Automation & Supervisory 
Control of Flight Vehicles, Ground Vehicles & 
Robots, Thomas 0 Sheridan 
June 13 -June 17 

Fundamentals of Internal Combustion Engines: 
Performance, Efficiency and Emissions, 

John 0 Heywood, Wal K. Cheng 
June 20 -June 24 


Integrated Modeling of Physical System 
Dynamics, Neville Hogan 
July 25 -July 29 

Tribology: Friction and Wear, Ernest Rabinowkz 
July 18 -July 22 

New Developments In Manufacturing Process 
Technology, Timothy Cutowsh] Emanuel 
Sacks and David Hardt June 20 - June 24 
Mathematical Modeling of Materials Processing 
for Design and Manufacturing, 

Julian Stately August 15- August 19 

Engineering of Viscoelastic Polymers and 
Composites, David K. Roytince 
July 11 -July 15 

Foams and Cellular Materials: Thermal and 
Mechanical Properties, Leon ft Gticksman, 
Lome 1 Gibson, Nam P. Suh, July 1 1 - July 14 
(4 days) 

Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, 

Hae-Seung Lae June 20 - June 24 
Principles of Power Electronics: Using Electronics 
to Control ami Process Hectrical Energy, 

John 6. Kassakian, George G. Verghese. 

Martin F. Schtecht August 15 - August 19 
Fundamenbls of Detection, Parameter Estimation 
and Kalman Filtering (with Applications in 
Tracking, Control and Signal Processing) 
AianS.WiBsky 
July 25 -July 29 

Techniques In High-Speed Photography and 
VWeotpaphy, Charles £ Miller 
June 13 -June 17 

Computer-Aided Multivariable Control System 
Desip, Michael Athans 
June 6 -June 10 

Speech Spectrogram Heading: An Acoustic of five 

English Language, Victor Zue 

June 27- July 1 

Microsansors and Microaduators, 

Stephen D. Senturia July 25 -July 29 
Modeling, Simulation & Optimization at Chemical 
Processes, Paul Barton and Lawrence B. Evans 
August 1 -August 10 
(8 days) 

Plasma Processing tor MfcroetectronJc 

Fabrication: Plasma Deposition, Etching and 
Sputtering ot Thin Films lor VLSI, 

Herbert H. Sawn July 18 - July 22 

Fundamentals of Right Simulation, 

Laurence ft Young and Walter M. Hollister 
July 25 -July 29 

Lasers, Fiber Optics and Applications, 

Sftaow/ fe^w/July 11 - July 15 
lmtestrtel Rheology tor Scientists and Engtoeeis, : 
Cho Kyun Rha 
Augustl- August 5 

Nodear Power Reactor Safety: Pari I -Thermal 
Power Reactors, NeHE Todreas 
July 18 -July 22 

Nuclear Power Reactor Safety: Part II - General 
Safety Issues, MujidS. Kami 
July 25 -July 29 

Improving Nuctear Power Plaid Performance, 

Kent Hansen June 20 - June 24 


Public Transportation Service and Operations 
Planning. Nigel HM Wilson 
August 15- August 19 

Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials, 

Frederick J. McGarry July 25 - July 29 


I HUMANITIES AND 
SCIENCE 


Demystifying Japan: Its Culture, Society and 
Language, Shigeru Myagawa 
June 6 -June 10 

Management, Literature and Ethics, Alvin C. Kibe! 
June 20 -June 24 


The Literature of Leadership, Michael Kaufman 
August 15 -August 19 

Ninja Toties, the Macho King and Madonna's 
Navel: Taking Popular Culture Seriously, 

Henry Jenkins June 6 - June 10 

Was There Really a Big Bang? A Case Study to 
Scientific Methodology , Irving Segal 
July 18 -July 22 


^MANAGEMENT AND 

Planning 


Protect Management tor Engineers and Managers, 

Robert Logcher 
August 15 -Augustl 9 

Design and Analysis of Scientific Experiments, 
Harold Freeman, PaulD. Berger 
July 11 -July 16 (6 days) 

ImftvMnal Choice Behavior. Theory and 
Application ol Discrete Choice Analysis to 
Consumer Demand and Market Share, 

Moshe Ben-Akm June 6 - June 10 

Management tor Physicians. Scientists and 
Engineers In Bus Ptar ma c Hiti c al and 
Biotechnology Industry, StanN Rrkelstein 
June 13 -June 17 

Optimizing the Simply Chain, Jeremy F. Shapiro 
June 27- July 1 

Management of Research, Development and 
Technology-Based Innovation, 

Edward B. Roberts June 6 - June 1 7 
(10 days) 

Management Strategies for (he Mufticuitoral 
Workplace, Margery Resnick 
August 1 - August 3 (3 days) 


TECHNICAL 

COMMUNICATIONS 

Communicating Technical Information (TWrty- 
Sghth Edition: Writing and Editing), 
James Parafk June 15 - June 17 
(3 days) 

Technical Japanese tor Computer Science and 
Etedricaf Engineering, David O. MS/s. 
Susan S. Sherwood June 13 - August 5 

Technical Japanese tor Materials Science and 
Related Engineering, David 0. MBs, 
SusanS. Sherwood June 13 - August 5 


For further tolormalioii, contact MTT Sommer Session Office, E19-356. Cambridge, MA 02139; Phona: (617| 253-2101; Fax: (617) 263-8042; 

E-Mail: 5UMMER-PH0FE5Sl0NAL-PH0GRAMS@MrT.EDU 


Continued from Page 1 

choosing the twelve men whom he 
made the Foundations of his 
church." the Potse said. 

Women, therefore, should accept 
this situation “as the faithful obser- 
vance of a plan to be ascribed to the 
wisdom of the Lord of the uni- 
verse." the Pope said. 

A Vatican statement described 
the doctrinal reasons for excluding 
women from (he priesthood as 
“certainly true.'' 

"Therefore, since it does not be- 
long to matters freely open to dis- 
pute. it always requires the full and 
unconditional assent of the faith- 
ful, and to teach the contrary is 
equivalent to leading consciences 
into error." the statement said. 

loos BLffi. a theologian in Milan, 
said the significance of the docu- 
ment lay “not so much in the con- 
tent as the form." 

“The doctrine of reserving the 
ordination of priests for men is part 
of the patrimony of the church," he 
said. “But in declaring it, that is. in 
defining it, the Pope has brought to 
bear aQ his special and nonfallible 
charisma.” 

Although the letter represented 
no departure from the Pope’s long- 
held views, its injunction against 
discussion of women priests coin- 
cided with a wider debate among 
Christians about the role of wom- 
en. 

Last March, the Anglican 
Church admitted women priests for 
the first time, dividing its own 
r anks and sending a chill over its 
relations with Rome. The letter on 
Monday, some Vatican officials 
said, may have been designed in 
pan to tell .Anglican priests op- 
posed to the ordination of women 
that they' would find a long-term 
SDirimaJ home in the Catholic 
Church. 

Additionally, the Vatican plans a 
synod next October on the theme 
of religious life, and officials said 
the Pope wished to ensure that the 
ordination of women did not be- 
come part of the agenda. 

The church denies that such 
views are discriminatory. 

“The nonadmission of women to 
priestly ordination cannot mean 
that women are of lesser dignity, 
nor can it be construed as discrimi- 
nation against them." the Pope's 
letter said, because "the Blessed 
Virgin Man - , Mother ol God and 
Mother of the church, received nei- 
ther the mission proper to the apos- 
tles nor the ministerial priesthood." 

He described the presence and 
role of women in the church as 
"absolutely necessary and irre- 
placeable." quoting from earlier 
Vatican teaching that women's role 
in the church was "of capital im- 
portance both for the renewal and 
humanization of society and for the 
rediscovery by believers of the true 
face of the church.” 


Continued from Page 1 

fional on the easting members' 
signing a new founding contract. 

The ideas were “an interesting 
contribution to the further prepa- 
rations of the *96 conference,” a 
senior German official said. “We 
will study them." 

The French proposal described 
as a convention rather than a treaty 
or constitutiotL would institution- 
alize a so-caDed variable geometry 
in Europe whereby some Union 
members can leave skeptics behind 
and deepen cooperation in certain 
areas. 

Mr. Lamassoure said the new 
contract would oblige Union mem- 
bos to adhere to aQ areas of coop- 
eration outlined in the Maastricht 
treaty — mchirimg plans for a sin- 
gle currency, foreign and security 
policy, and immigration and justice 
affairs — or lose their right to vote 
on those matters. At the same time 
a core group of “new founders.” led 
by France and Germany, would 
state their determination to press 
ahead in those areas. 

The German official said vari- 
able geometry was already estab- 
lished in Maastricht, which allows 
Britain to opt out of a single cur- 
rency and social legislation. As for 
the future, he said Bonn wanted to 
avoid setting up any second-class 


membership status for Eastern Eu- 
rope and sought w focus instead on 

transitional arrangements designed 
to prepare those countries for 
membership. 

One British official dismissed the 
proposal as “an inleDectual kite- 
flying exercise," given Ger many s 
priority to pulling Eastern Europe 
mio ibfl Union and Spain’s opposi- 
tion to the early adoption of a an- 
gle currency by a Inmtedgroop ® 
countries. 

The Lamassoure initiative and 
Germany’s ambiguous stance to- 
ward it underscore lhe strategic un- 
certainty that has overshadowed 
the alliance. . 



German , ' and i rF _ 
said Chaifettlojr; i- 

Prime MnnriarF^ 



North 1 Afncaff-s&tes^ 
caflfor Union ! 


Germany, has pursued its eco- 
nomic and security mlaesis~m 
Easton Europe with growing asser- 
tiveness, most recently by using its 
weight to drive home membership 
agreements with the Nordic coun- 
tries and Austria in March. Bonn 
sees those countries as necessary 
stepping stones toward the Union s 
eventual expansion into Eastern 
Europe. 

The French have not yet ac- 
cepted the fact that the capital of 
Germany, Berlin, will be 70 kflonoc-. 
tens away from Poland and hun- 
dreds of Kilometers away from Par- 
is,” said Dominique Molsi, deputy 


with 

tjhfir summit 

Greece, -dn-Jtiae? 

said. France has 
turns to a 
etgn Minister, 
woaa 

to restrain its. 

whkhpesea. - 



Main!} 
gram 


new initiatives, offk&alj-j 
ade& are 

their domestic ^ 

*eadof pariiahienta^^e^ffl& i :: 
Germany in pctoSira :aa&l£jfe <\ ' 

French- =*--»*-* •— v -' c 

May. 




ARCHIVES: Transfer to 




Continued from Page 1 
mg Tor culprits. Last year, the cen- 
ter processed 27,000 requests for 
information from agencies and 
1,300 from private individuals. 

Although few files in this collec- 
tion contain direct documentation 
of mass murder, the information 


concerns about whether German 
archivists would hinder legitimate 
scholarship. German privacy law 
typically prohibits access to files on 
people until they have been dead 
for at least 30 years. 


As to the issue of •tiftaess&tjtifi 
original docomen ts, to 

MarwcH i ^ 1 ^ ' 

the Gentian ■“ — 


m 


K 


1 

I 


often helps corroborate other evi- 
i. “Wh« 


dence. “When a guy writes in Ins 
resume. 1 was assigned to KZ 
Auschwitz,’ and he signs if. it s dif- 
ficult for him to later claim that he 
wasn't there," said David MarweE, 
42, the center’s director. 

In bulk alone the collection is 
staggering, covering roughly 8 
miles (13 kilometers) of stacked pa- 
per. Among the party membership 
cards is that of Oskar Schindler, 
No. 6.421,477, and Amon Goeth. 
the sadistic commandant of Plas- 
zow concentration camp in Poland, 
No. 510,964; both men were por- 
trayed in the recent film 
“Schindler’s List." 

Much of the current controversy 
was stirred by a magazine article in 
the New Yorker by the writer Ger- 
ald Posner, who questioned both 
the quality of the microfilming and 
the potential pitfalls in German 
privacy laws, lire article contends, 
for example, that microfilm fails to 
distinguish between different col- 
ored inks used on some documents 
and renders some writing less legi- 
ble. 

More significant perhaps are 


No Punishment 
In Asylum Case, 
Cuba Pledges 


Roam 

HAVANA — Mare than 100 
Cuban asylum-seekers holed up in 
the Belgian ambassador’s residence 
will not be punished if they give op 
their bid to leave Cuba and exit the 
premises peacefully, a Ford; 
Ministry official said Monday, 
official indicated that the assur- 
ance would be made in writing to 
Belgian authorities. 

The official stressed that Cuba. 
and Belgium agreed that entering 


to. -tea fair 

:1988b Germany^. 

chives has -had tiie arttiKKhy^tt:- 
screen request from Geooa&eiti^v ^ ' 
zens for entry into tfcBerim Baa&iX: 
meat Carter r German-.o£fiiaa&; i - ‘; 
contend that only oncrcquai JtoEi £■ 
a scholar and less than 1 x " 

requests firm raivateatizenfh^-: . 
been denied. . ' : . 

Moreover, trader tiK^ecnte&Tt . 
signed last October, the JusticeD^:"’ 
par tine nt keeps the right ^ : 

striated access to the fiei v i ", 
“For the kmd of access lhafpw^r> 

pie are concerned about— scholar- 
ship mid Nazi war niB|e invesfiga--/; 
lions — people won’t. Wfti-flJ.: : 
difference,” Mr. Marwell s6(L ‘ : ’ ’. 
“Absent some dramatic change;’ I . 
don’t thmk scholars bave-anythmg,- / 
to worry about” 


diplomatic premises was not an ap- 
propriate way to leave the country. 

A young man staying in the resi- 
dence since Saturday left the pre- 
toy. A CoT 


raises Monday. A Cuban official 
said he was not stopped by the 
police. 

A Belgian Foreign Ministry 
spokesman in Brussels said there 
were 124 people at the residence, 
including 24 children. With the de- 
parture of the youth, 123 were left. 


DEATH NOI1GE 


Friends of . . .. .'..'I .. 

- GERTKUEffi NEHER 
announce with sorrow ' 
her sudden death in Paris, 
Friday, May 20, 1994. 




LATIN AMERICA 


A New Investment Partner 


A 


tc 

■B. 


Sfltc . 
r ;7- . 

/It-;,':. 


Ai 


Him’ to Reap the Dividends of the Region s Economic Revival 

LONDON -JUNE: 9-10 ■ ! 994 


lUNE 9 


June 10 


CONSOLIDATING AND SPREADING THE BENEFITS OF 

ECONOMIC CHANGE IN THE REGION 

Enrique V Iglesias, President. Imer-Amerlcan Development Bank 


FUELLING FUTURE ECONOMIC GROWTH 
Eduardo Anlnat, Finance Minister Chile 
Fernando Cosslo, Minister of Finance. Bolivia 
lulio Sosa, Finance Minister. Venezuela 


TURNINC THE NEW INVESTMENT ENTHUSIASM INTO 
LONG-TERM CAPITAL FLOWS 

David C Mulford. Chairman. CS First &?ston Limited. London 
Onno van den Broek. General Manager INC Bank International 


SOCIO-ECONOMIC REFORM IN LATIN AMERICA: 
TOWARDS A NEW SOCIAL AGENDA 
Carlos Ro)as, President. Solidarity Fund, Mexico 
Gert Rosenthal, Executive Secretary. ECLAC. Santiago 


Guest Luncheon Speaker. Domingo Cavallo, Minister ot 
Economic Affairs. Argentina 


REGIONAL AND SUB-REGIONAL INTEGRATION; 

AN ENGINE FOR GROWTH 
NAFTA 

Hermlnlo Blanco Mendoza, Under Secretary of International . 
Commercial Negotiations. Mexico 
CENTRAL AMERICA 

Ana Ordonez de Molina, Finance Minister. Guatemala 
THE ANDEAN REGION 

Enrique Garcia, President. Andean Development Corporation 
MERCOSUR 

lorge Herrera Vegas, Under Secretary. Economic Integration. 
Argentina 

SOUTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AREA ^ 

Rubens Antonio Barbosa, Ambassador. Brazilian Embassy. London- 
THE LINK WITH EUROPE \ 

loan Prat. Director-General for North-South Relations. European 
Commission. Brussels 


INNOVATING TO PROMOTE NEW FORMS OF 

SUSTAINABLE GROWTH 

NEW DIRECTIONS FOR COMMERCIAL FUNDING 

Sir Michael PalUser. Vice Chairman. Samuel Montagu. London 

CHANNELLING PRIVATE SAVINCS INTO FINANCING SOCIAL 

NEEDS 

Inlio Bnstamente. Supenntendent. Pension Fund Administrators. Chile 

UNKING SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY 

Hugo Varsky, Executive Director. Bohvar-Enlace Programme 


LATIN AMERICAN INVESTMENT - FUTURE PROSPECTS 
Joaquin Avila, Member oi the Board. Managing Director. Santander 
Investment 

Peter West, Director. West Merchant Bank 

Roger Palmer, Director. Equities. Kleinwort Benson. London 


ROUNDTABLE: INVESTING IN MAIOR NEW 
INFRASTRUCTURE PROIECTS 

Doug Ebdon. Director of Operations. Globa! Gas. British Gas. London 
Inakl Santfllana. Chief Executive, Telefonica lntemacional. Madrid 

CONSOLIDATING THE GAINS: OPPORTUNITIES FOR • 

FUTURE INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT 

COSTA RICA ' ' 

Ios£ Rossi. Minister of Foreign Commerce 

PERU " 

lorge CameL Minister of Economy 

URUGUAY / >■ 

Ignacio de Posadas, Minister of Economy 


i- 






.-utj IV- 

J5 »■« 






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Luncheon hosted by & Santander Investment 


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i1cralo«^Sfe(tnbunc. 


; Positron 








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Fax 


-.-j i 



1 









The Golden Triangle of Provence 


a::-', vr.a 




mtmmm 


Citoyens ofSaint-Remy clockwise from top left. Pierre setting in his house ; Caroline of Monaco shopping in 
Bergi in the garden he has created \ with a cookbook Saint-Rimy for her Mas de la Source; Irine Silvagni 
) his next project; Michel Klein in his Provencal home (inset) and the door from the interior courtyard of her 
fumishedfromjlea markets; and a country-style table - Tarascon house ; Inis de la Fressange. 

An Unsubtle Market: Male Vanity 


ByDanSbaw. 

New York Times Service 


er 

h rival 


N EW YORK — In 
“Sleepless in Seattle," 
last summer’s hit ro- 
mantic comedy, Tom 
Hanks’s character, a widowtx in his 
30s who hasn’t been on a dale for 
15 years, asks a friend for advice. 

“I just want to know what it's 
like out there,’’ he says. 

“That’s what Tm trying to leffl 
yon, what women are looking for 
— pecs and a cute butt,” says his 
friend, played by Rob Reiner. - 
“You can’t even turn on the news 
nowadays without bearing about 
how some babe thought some guy’s 
bolt was cute. Who the first woman 
to say this was 1 don’t know, bat 
somehow it caught on.” 

It certainly has. 

Women and other men are pay- 
ing attention to how men lode as 
never before. 

From the bare-chested studs on 
“Melrose Place” and billboards of 
Ihsmodd Mkhael Bcrgin in Cahdn 
Klein undiawear to the sinewy rock 
stars on MTV and the football 
Jk coaches who hawk Ultra Slim-Fast 
• dirt shakes on television, the image 
of modern masculinity is chan g in g, 
and well-defined musculature 
seems to be a requirement. 

While women complain that they 
can’t be as thin as the waif-model 
Kate Moss, men are grumbling that 
they can’t be as buffed and beefy as 
Macky Mark. 

The emphasis on appearance has 

made men fed newly vulnerable 

about their looks, with increasing 
numbers of men showing op at de- 


magazine whose circulation has 
jumped from MW , 000 to 12 million 
m the last year, is catering to this 
growing market. Unlike GQ, Es- 
quire and Details, with their sdf- 
consrioasty hip urbanity, Men's 
Health resembles nothing so much 
as an earnest women’s supermarket 


m plastic surgeons’ offices hud on 
psychotherapists’ couches. In 


short, they am b 
and act just like 


ng to feel 
■-conscious 


women. 

Men’s Health, a five-year-old 


“Tto It Better! 101 Ways to Get 
Smarter, Stronger, Richer, Calmer 
and Coder,'’ reads the cover of the 
May issue. Other articles indude 
“The One Vitamin Evtry Man 
Needs," “Best Exercises to Lose 
Weighr and “Stay Focused: How 
to Blow Off the 10 Worst Male 
Stressors.” 

Michael Lafavore, 42, the execu- 
tive editor of Men's Health, is 
proud of bis cover Hues. “That's 
our secret, - he said. “We dare to do 
that We know what guys care 
about — their sex lives, thor pot- 
bellies, how to get more energy. 
That’s what they respond, to on a 
visceral level” 

Health is not necessarily the 
readers’ prime concern. “Men are 
terrifically vain.” Lafavore said. 

“There is not much evidence 
thronghoot history (hat mm aren’t 
vain," he added. “In other times, 
we wore powdered wigs and knee 
britches. Men care how they look at 
1 the beach. Thafs supposedly wom- 
en’s temtoty, but Pve seen guys at 
the beach cover themselves with T- 
shirts and towels to hide their bod- 
ies. Most guys fed no better about 
being out of shape than women 
da” 

Society has made the stakes aw- 
fully high. “No pecs, no sex," reads 
an advertisement for the trendy 
David Barton Gym in Manhattan. 
“My motto is not ‘Be health/; it’s 
Took better naked,’ " Barton said. 

“Most men 'who exercise want to 
show it off," said Richard Martin, 
the curator of the Costume Insti- 
tulfi at the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, noting the popularity 


Gianni Versace’s flamboyant, 
body-conscious fashions. 

“Boys who believed in superher- 
oes can wear Versace doming as 
adults. It’s a self-conscious style, 
one of the most beautiful fashions 
of narcissism in our time.” 

S OME people, citing the bo- 
moerotidsm of much of 
men’s fashion and fra- 
grance advertising, believe 
that a majority of men who devote 
an inordinate amount of time and 
money on their appearance are ho- 
mosexual. 

‘The gay marketplace has a lot 
to do with it, but it’s trickled down 
to the beteros,” said Christopher 
Cakebread, a professor of advertis- 
ing at Boston University. 

“People like to look at half-na- 
ked people. Society is willing to 
accept more nudity in advertising, 
and the advertisers are appealing to 
a younger gronp. if you walk down 

Newbury Street in Boston, you see 
these heterosexual guys bulging all 
over the place, showing off their 
gym bodies. They look tike they 
walked out of the pages of a bad 
magazine." 

Eli Levine, a 30-year-old parale- 
gal in Manhattan who played rug- 
by In college, recently joined a gym. 

“ 1 indefinitely a cosmetic thing," 
Levine said. Tat thinking about 
being in a bathing suit I want 
women to accept my body when 1 


take my shirt off. If ray body type 
were what all the models had, I 
would be very happy not to lift a 
weight" 

Michael Musto, a columnist for 
The Village Voice, who is accus- 
tomed to the “body fascism” of the 
gay dub scene, discovered that 
straight dubs are not so different. 

“Alarming numbers ol attendees 
look like they’ve stepped out of the 
pages of Details,” he wrote earlier 
this month. “They’re an models, 


model wannabes, model citizens or, 
worse, model admirers.'' 

Eating disorders are becoming 
more common in meni “When they 
have it. they have it just like wom- 
en," said James B. Wirth, the direc- 
tor of the eating and weight disor- 
ders program at the Johns Hopkins 
University School of Medicine. 

“They have the same intensity to 
lose weight and the same sense of 
body distortion. They, of course, 
don’t lose their menstrual cycle, 
but they do lose their sex (hive. 
They are much more preoccupied 
with muscle definition. The major- 
ity are heterosexual. Maybe one in 
five are homosexual." 

Ann Keaxpey -Cooke, a psychol- 
ogist in Cincinnati, who has treated 
adolescent and middle-aged men 
with eating disorders, thinks men’s 
focus on their appearance is a reac- 
tion to changing sex roles. 

"Many men are trying to attain a 
V-shaped body that is a symbol of 
masculinity." she said. “Men want 
to make a statement: "We may be 
making the same amount of mon- 
ey, we may be changing diapera, 
but we are stiD stronger."’ Or as 
Barton pot it, “Broad shoulders ta- 
pering down to a narrow waist 
looks hot in any century." 


SPRING SUMMER 

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S AINT-REMY-DE-PROVENCE, 
France — Under the canopy of vines 
on the terrace of the Caffe des Arts, you 
watch the fashion world go by. Princess 
Caroline of Monaco, her basket spilling with 
fruit and veggies, olives and spices. 

There is Ines de la Fressange with baby 
daughter Nine and husband Luigi d’Orso. Here 
are Loulou de la Falaise and Pierre Beige, a 
world away from Saint Laurent couture as they 
compare fine white linens bought in the flea 
market. 

Since the fashionable folk descended on this 
picture-postcard Provencal village over the last 
five years, they have generated a myth as pow- 
erful as the sun-and-sunfiowers images of Van 
Gogh. Saint Rfemv and surrounding towns, 
Aries. Les Baux-de- Provence and Tarascon, are 
supposed to form a “golden triangle" like (he 
Paris shopping streets round Avenue Mon- 
taigne. 

The reality is rather different You don't see 
the fashion crowd parading the streets. The 
Cafe des Arts is not Saint-Trop's Le Senequier 
— although fashion rriends may drop by after 
shopping In Wednesday's market 
You are sure to find familiar- faces on Sunday 
morning at LTsle-sur-la-Sorgue. a town devot- 
ed to antique shops that de la Falaise describes 
as “shopping heaven." You may bump into 
friends at the restaurant in Eygaliferes. where 
the designer Michel Klein has lus home, or on 
the terrace of the Nord Pinus in Arles, or in the 
Arencs at Nimes, where last week’s Pentecost 
Feria garnered Christian Lacroix's wife Fran- 
(joise. d’Urso and the embroiderer Francois 
Lesage. 

Bui Saim-Remy is neither the new Saint- 
Tropez, nor Cannes, nor Capri. Like the Hamp- 
tons in America (in a less varnished style), it 
corresponds rather to a 1 990s need for (he great 
escape It represents a conscious decision to 
scale down, to turn a tightly sun -bronzed back 
on the glitzy, fancy Riviera. It is the fashionable 
world in flighL from itself. 

So there is Beige, couture president, one-time 
opera supremo, best friend of President Fran- 
cis Mitterrand, cultivating the garden he has 
created on the edge of the AlpDles by trans- 
planting 500-year-old olive trees. 

“One tiling I know at my age — you don’t 
buy young wines or plan t young trees,'’ says the 
63-year-old Bergfe, who describes his house with 
its pastel-washed walls as “very simple.” 

“It’s a peaceful life — making olive oil. going 
to the flower market in Arles and CavaDion, to 


the antique markets — and I do the cooking." 
says Berg 6 . "It is not exactly ecological but a 
return to nature." 

Beige — who is now planning to write a book 
of Provencal country cooking — has a typical 
low, square mas , or farmhouse, of the riqpon, 
like Klein and the decorator Jacques Grange. 

“There are two kinds of houses, mar and 
bastide , " says Pierre Passebon, partner to 
Grange, whose bouse is near Caroline's Mas de 
la Source. 

The Monaco princess came to Saint- Re my 
for personal reasons when she was widowed in 
1990. The simple Provencal dress she chose and 
her flight from chic, urbanized Monaco seem 
prescient. So is the fact that she uses the Saint- 
Remy house not as a rare retreat, but as her 
borne. 

Klein too — although designing his own 

A colony for the 
fashionable , away from the 
glitz of the Riviera . 

label and Guy Laroche haute couture — tries to 
spend half his time in the bouse he has painted 
with vibrant colors — warm red, sky blue or 
cool green walls, with flea-market "finds ar- 
ranged in divine disorder. 

"I like the idea that it has no style — but a 
coherent whole," be says, showing proudly a 
newly acquired statue of an African dancing 
gjrl inside and freshly planted rose bushes 
round the pool. 

Near Tarascon, Irine Silvagni — a former 
fashion editor of French Vogue and a consul- 
tant to Yohji Yamamoto — comtemplaies the 
sunset sky. Her blush- red main room, with its 
twin stone basins, and the lofty upper floor with 
red-tile floor increasingly serve as an office for 
her and her film-producer husband. Giorgio. 

"From Tarascon to Saint Remy is already 
like being in a different country — it changes 
from village to village." says'Thadfee KJos- 
sowski, husband of Loulou de la Falaise, whose 
mother Maxine has just bought a to-be-restored 
house in the area. 

The latest addition to the dan will be Marie 
Steinberg, proprietor of Marie et Fils, favorite 
restaurant of the fashion crowd in Paris. But 
down here thty all insist how little they dine out 
and bow rarely they see each — apart from the 
annual celebration or “Infes's birthday party" in 
August. 

“It's like anywhere — there are people who 
need to do the vie mondoine and people who 


stay home,” says d’Ursa “Everybody is very 
proud of their own place and very concerned to 
show it-" 

Nor is there any sense of dressing up. Saiot- 
Rfetny’s narrow streets are splattered with the 
signature Provencal prints, but even the sophis- 
ticated Soul dado makes over half its store for 
the home. It is another sign of the times that 
clothes shops are outnumbered by lifestyle bou- 
tiques, and if you do see a famous face, it will 
probably be at Ebfene, an at-home and antiques 
store tucked away in a courtyard. 

Even for her birthday, says de la Fressange, 
people don’t really dress up! with “Loulou in a 
cotton Gypsy dress that cost 300 francs." 

The spike-heeled shoes that de la Falaise is 
wearing aL dinner with Klein do not seem 
typical Provencal peasant footwear, and there 
is an element of play-acting in this back-to- 
niral-life by people who can afford someone to 
launder their antique linen sheets. 

“Its all very Marie- Antoinette — even the 
sheep are pretty dean," admits de la Fressange, 
although she claims that her own Mas de Frigo- 
let is “rather sloppy” and that she loves it 
because “as soon as 1 put my feet in Provence 
all my worries disappear.” 

Does the lure of Sainl-Rfemy suggest that the 
days of the Riviera as a fashion hot spot are 
definitively over'! Terence Conran, who has just 
moved his French home to Les Baux, first 
colonized rural France 40 years ago and built 
the success of his Habitat empire on authentic 
country things. He remarks on the flight by all 
his friends from the coast to the hinterland. 

“But it hasn’t really changed,” says de la 
Falaise. “There were always a lot of foreigners 
in Provence — painters and artists because it 
was very cheap. Everyone here was always very 
snobbish about the coast It was always 
’ruined.' My mother was snobbish about the 
Cdte d’Azur by the laie '50s or early 1960s. But 
what is different here is that bow much land 
you have does not reflect how much money you 
have. Some people have huge properties and 
live of! tomatoes. Nothing is related to exterior 
signs of wealth." 

Yet the truth is that 100 years after wealthy 
aristocrats first colonized the Cdte d’Azur in 
winter, and 70 years after Scott Fitzgerald be- 
came the summer pioneer, everything that the 
Riviera stands for has gone out of fashion with 
the fashionable: grand hotels, cocktails at six, 
dressing for dinner and a soda! season. 

“There is no sense of people coming to Saim- 
Remy to mix with other people or because they 
want to watch them." says Silvagni. “But may- 
be there is something in the air, in the colors, in 
the seems of Provence that corresponds to what 
fashion people feel is right for now." 


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(SIB RECOGNIZED) 

I FSC HSEiCustom Hse DoaaJJuO. *471626000 

iv High Yield Band S 9J9 

w world Bond FFR- — FF 5739 

BARING INTL FD MNGR5 (IRELAND) LTD 
(NON SIB RECOGNIZED) 

w Australia 1 27J B 

tv Jgnai Tec nn otoa r 5 4938 

•v Jisw Fund — * 27.71 , 

wJiswn New General km s ZU9 

iv IMatavsla A Singapore— 3 117.71 

w North Amertca _S 2*97 

tvOdODusFimd s 41L» 

iv Padhc Fund s M171 

w International Band S 1147 

w Eureaa Fwid s I7.ia 

wHonoKong S llOtn 

w rrfifnr Warrant — I 77.94 

w Global EmergbigMhfS— _3 UM 

IV Latin Amertca — _S l4Ja 

w Currency Fund S 16J1 

w Currency Fund Managed ^S 50 lS2 

w Korea Fund . —3 ?J2 

w Baring Emera World Fd — s 1J17 

BDD GROUP OF FUNDS 

w BOD USS Cosh Fund 3 53*115 

W BOO Ecu Ca*\ Fund — Ecu 6JI5L89 

ivBDO Swiss Franc Cash SF 5059.44 

•v BDD Ini. Band Fund-USS 3 53XU5 

iv BDD | lit. Band Fund-Ecu —Ecu 4917J8 
w BDD N American Equity FdS 4861.76 
w BDD European Equity FundEcu 4197 Jl 

m BDD ANan Eaulty Fund 5 144*81 

m BDD US Small Cc*> Fund S itma \ 

w Eurotlnanctere Fixed Inc— FF 10778.15 I 

iv Euraftn MuM-Cr Bd Fd FF 941426 

BE UNVEST MGMT (G5Y1 LTD 

IV Bennvest-Brazll _1 113481 

w Bel Invasl -Global S 94835 

w Brllnvest-lsrael 3 71074 

iv Beltntfest-Muttlband 3 92932 

w Ballnyrsl -Superior S *2898 

BNP LUXEMBOURG 
■INTER CT^H 

t France Maaetalne FF M09ja 

t France Securtte. ff I7697ja 

1 Inter Catfl DM DM 275192 

t Intar cash Ecu Ecu 1924,13 

t Inter Cash GBP c 1482J1 

7 Inler Cam USD s 124416 

J .iSSE CaM1 Yen T 165008 

INTER MULTI INVESTMENT 

iv Prlvnlhatlons Inti Invest S 12911.57 

iv Telecom tmrest « retaa 

INTER OPTIMUM 

w Interbond USD 3 140X59 

wBEF/LUF BF 106*9580 

iv Mulllorvlses DM DM 2969J0 


wUSD 3 112191 

I* FRF FF 1534*01 

“ECU ECU I2Z7J4 

INTER STPATEGIE 

wAiatratie I I257J0 

w France FF 1143X00 

iv Europe flu Nonl c 1231.06 

w Europe du Centre DM 2«S4_3i 

iv Europe du Sud. Ecu 103389 

wJwm Y 1200BS 

■v Amerkoie du Hard 3 157486 

w Swt-Est Aslattaae 3 1*5185 

w Global s 34877 

B5S UNIVERSAL FUND SICA V 

tf Eurasac ECU A (Dlv) Ecu 1398721 

fl Euroiec ECU B (Cap) - Ecu 1484779 

0 InMMc USD A (Otvi S 2L254B 

fl liuebec USD B (Cos) - 3 2X4337 

fl IMerbond USD A IDhfl. 3 15J7N 

fl Inteiband USD B (Cool s 195199 

tf Rnnjec Global FM A (Div)FM 22*89M 
d Fbmsec Globol FM B (Cop)FM 229JHB 

fl Intetbonfl FRF A (DM FF 11111783 

fl Irdelbond FRF B (CwJ FF 14SJ342 

fl Far East USD A (Dtv) 3 2*2299 

fl Far East USD B (Cal. I 2*2*34 

fl japan jpya(DIv|- y iia*977u 

fl Japan jpy b (Ccr) r 11889770 

fl Parswc FRF B iCopI— FF 119.9630 

fl Latin America USD A (Dtv)S 2X8842 


d Latin America USD B ICoPIS 2X8842 

tf North America USD A [Dlvjt l*5«53 

fl Nortii Amer USD B lC<mi_S 'IPS 

d Asia USD A (DM S laOWO 

fl Asm USD B (Coni — S I0«M 

fl World USD A (DM 3 1BJOOO 

d World USD B (Cap! 5 VUXfK 

BUCHANAN FUND LIMITED 

Cta B*Wd> at Bermuda Lid. (809) 795-4000 

I Global Hedge USD — •— — * IX' 9 

t Global Hedge GBR E IM4 

f European & A HanNC. 2 11-79 

t Pacltlc — * 

I Emerging Markets- * 

CAISSE ce NT RALE DES BANRUES POP. 

tf Fructllus - (XX. Fsea A FF asms 

fl Fnietllu* - DM. Euro B 6oi 15JLW 

w Fructinn - Ad lorn Fsw C _FF 918802 

tf Fructlhnc - Act tarn Euro D -Ecu 174X09 

fl FructHux ■ Court Term* E_FF 858X35 

fl Fruetltw - D Mar? F Dm 108855 

CALLANDER 

w Cd lander Enter. Growth — 5 12871 

IV Callander F -Asset i Mia 

iv Callander F-Austrkm AS 1341.75 

w Callander F-Suanltii— —Fla 9469JM 

■v CMlwifltr F-us Health cm *024 

w Callander Swiss Gvawtn — SF 15547 

CAMPBELL (BERMUDA) LTD 
nrGIbl InstituHaigl (1 Apr! — S 865JA 

CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL GROUP 
tf Cl Canodtan Growth Fd — CS 6 54 

fl Ct North American Fd CS 7 St 

fl Cl Pacific Fimd CS 1778 

fl Cl Global Fund CS 9J* 

fl Cl Emerg Markets Fd Cs 9.10 

fl Ct Eiffoam Fund C3 SS2 

fl Canada Guar. Mortgage Fd CS 1849 

CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL 

w Capital inti Fund S 13*57 

w Capital Holla SA S 4*52 

CDC INTERNATIONAL 

■V CEP Court Term* ff 1744H73 

wGFI Long Ttrmc — FF 1S1728BJ0 

CINDAM BRAZIL FUND 
fl CJodom Equity Fund A I264J06 

d arntam Balanced Fund — S 109*440 

CITIBANK (LUXEMBOURG) SJL 
POB 1373 Luxembourg TeL 477 95 71 

fl Ctlnwest Gtaboi Band S , 2»-2 

fl Cltlnvest FGP USD 5 'Bta 

fl atlnvesi FGP ECU Ecu 1777J0 

fl Cltlnvesi Selector 3 

d atlcurrenctos USD S I429|* 

fl CINcurzendes OEM 0*1 I42JJ 

d Cltlcurrencles GBP 1 . JSfJl 

fl CHIcurrenoes Yen Y VXnJX 

fl atlport NJL Equity » J3X20 

tf emuart Cun Euro Eaulty -Ecu i«a* 

d Clllport UK Eoultv 1 l.E* 

fl atipon French Eaulty ff 14WJ7 

tf empert German Eoultv OM *5^- 

tf Chlpart Jooan Eoultv Y 502480 

fl Clllport I APEC * 2i4.il 

d Clhporl Eamec S '“Lg 

d Gtiport Na s Bond » »» 

fl Dttnoft Euro Bard — Eaj 5255 

fl Managed Currency Fund — 3 145.1* 

CJTIBANK (PARIS) SA 

w Cltl 96 COO GM * 9753J7 

CIYITHUST 


w U5 S Equlllet S 256407W 

w USS Money Martet i 

w USS Bonds S IL^ira 

ivCItlland 5 144U74)1 

liiattpertornmncePtli 5A — 3 15.10116 

w The Good Earlti Fund S 1149321 

COMGEST (13-1) 44 70 75 18 „ 

■vCamgcsi Asia S 1772.*8 

w Comoesi Europe SF 1279J9 

CONCEPT FUND 

ff WAM G Kttat Hedge Fd S IW* 

ff WAM Inll Bd Hedge Fd 3 99841 

CONCERTO LIMITED 

W NAV IS April 1994 S 9*23 

COHEN ASSET MANAGEMENT 
Cowan Enterprise Fund N.V. 

iv Class A Shs S 13**« 

wCtossBShs S 149*09 

CREDIT AQRICOLE 
iHfiFVIS 

d Inaexb USA/S8.P 530 S 1849 

d lnde.lt Japan/ Nikkei Y 18661)6 

fl IfldeilsG Bret/FTSE £ 1X81 

fl Index Is Francs/CAC *0 FF 151*4 

fl indexisCT — .FF n*ff» 

MON AXIS 

tf Court Terme USD S I4J* 

tf Court Terme DEM OM 38J0 

a Court Terme jp Y Y 227DH5 

a Court Terme GBP r 03* 

fl Court Terme FRF FF 07JI 

fl Court Terme ESP -Fla 2*4199 

fl Court Terme ECU Ecu I9JA 

MOSAI5 

d Actions I ml Diversities FF 12939 

fl Actions Nord-Amerieotaes-S 2289 

tf Actions Jqpancises Y 191192 

fl Actions AagJaJttS 1 1X44 

fl Adlans Aliemandes DM «8*2 

fl Adhms France lies FF 147*0 

fl Actions Esp. A Port Pta 3817.17 

fl Actions Ha Henries Lit 3743*41 

tf Actions Bassln Podllaue S 35.91 

tf Obiig mil Diversiflats ff 12X15 

fl Obllg Nara-Amencames — 3 1848 

d oolia Janenoites Y ZWJJ2 

tf Obllp Angie ties 1 >3*0 

fl Obllg AIMmandeS DM 39.19 

fl Oblla Francoises FF 15879 

fl Obllg ESP. & Port —Pm 7701.16 

fl Obllg convert. Intern. FF 14931 

fl Court Terme Ecu —Ecu 21.93 

tf Court Terme USD 3 1 735 

fl Court Terme FPF FF 14187 

CREDIT COMMERCIAL DE FRANCE 

fl Elvsees Maneraire FF B999i4t 

tf Sam a encash USD B. -3 110X9* 

CREDIT SUISSE 

tf C5F Bands SF 

d Bond Valor Swt SF 

a Bond vaior us - Delis' \ 

fl Bond valor D - Mark DM 

fl Bond Valor Yen Y 

fl Bond valor c sterling ( 

tf Convert Voter Swt SF 

fl Convert Vakr US - Dollar— 3 
fl Convert Valor ( sterling — t 

a CSF Intematlonol SF 

tf Adlans Woes SF 

d Credit Smii+Mid Coo SwitzISF 

0 Europe Valor SF 

tf Energie- Valor SF 

d Pacific - Valor SF 

tf CS Gate Voior S 

tf CS Tiger Fund 3 

fl CS Ecu Bard A Ecu 

fl CS Ecu Band B Ecu 

d CS Gulden Band A Fl 

d CS Gulden Bom B Fl 

tf CS HHoona Iberia Fd A _ — Pta 

fl CS H boa no Iberia Fd B Pta 

tf CS Prune Bam A DM 

AC 5 Prime Bona B DM 

d CS Eurooa Bend A DM 

tf CS Europo Born B DM 

fl CS Fixed I SF 7N If* SF 

fl CS FUed I DM 8% 1 r?*— DM 
fl CS Fixed l Ecu 0 IMS W*6.Ecu 
a CS Swiss Franc Bom A— 4F 

d CS Swiss From Bona 9. SF 

fl CS Bond Fd Lire A/B Lit 24947BJI0 

tf CS Bond Ffl Pesetas A'B_PIas 1901X00 i 
tf CS German* Fund A— DM 

d CS German. Funa B DM 

tf CS Euro Blue Olios A DM 

tf CS Euro Blue Chios B DM 

fl CS Short -T. Bom S A 5 

fl CS Sbort-T. Bom S B S 

fl CS Short-T. Barn DM A DM 

tf CS 5hort-T. Band DM B DM 

fl CS Monev Market FdS 3 

■fl CS Money Market Fd DM — DM 

fl CS Morey Manet F3 £ ( 

d CS Monet Market Fa Yen— Y 
d CS Mono* Market Fd CS — a 
d CS Money Market Fd Eaj-Eaj 
fl CS Money Mortal Fd SF _SF 
fl CS Money Market Fd HFI-FI 
tf CS Money Mortal Fd Lit— Ul 122620980 
d CS Money Market Fd FF— FF *18182 

fl CS Money Market Fd Pta— J»tas 12519880 
d C5 Money Market Fd BEF J)F 5709680 

0 CS Oefco4>nflec A DM 9SAJA 

tf CS Oeko-Prolec B DM 

d CS North- Amertajn A. J 

rf CS North- American B 5 

fl CS UK Fund A 1 

d CS UK. Fund B I 

d CS France Fund A FF 

fl CS France Fund B FF 

fl CS Euroreal DM 

fl CS Italy Fund A Ul 

fl CS Italy Fund B Lit 

fl CS Neinerkmds Fd A fl 

tf CS Nerheriands Fd B FL 

fl CS FF Bona A FF 

tf CS FF Bond B FF 

tf CS Caoftar SFR ZXW SF 

d CS Capital DM 2000 DM 

d Cs CteNtOI DM 1997 DM 

tf cs capital ecu Tan ecu 

fl CS Capital FF 3000 FF 

fl CS Japan Megatrend S F r_sf 
tf CS Japan Megatrend Yen —Y 

rf CS Port* Inc SFR A/B SF 

d C5 Port! Bal SFR SF 

fl CS Port! Growth SFR SF 

d CS Porttlnc DM A/B DM 

tf CS Pom Bal OM DM 

fl CS Portt Growth DM dm 

ACS Port! Inc USS A/B S 

fl C5 Portt Bal USS— —5 

fl CS Portt Growtn uss s 

fl CS Portt inc (Lire) A/B LB 

fl £S Parti I Bel (Lira) A/B — .Ul 
fl CS Portt Gro fUrel A/B — LH 

d CS Ea Fd Emerg Mkta s 

fl CS Ea Fd Small Cap USA 4 

d CS Ea Fd Small Eur— DM 
fl CS Eq Fd Lai America— j 

CURSITOR FUND 

tf Cursltor East Asian Ea 3 10148 

fl Cimltar GIM GwlhSut>-Fd j 993S 

DARIER HENTSCH GROUP 
TH 41-22 701*837 

rf DH Malar Markets Fund SF 1055080 

fl DH Mandarin PortflMB SF 999180 

fl HontsOi. Treasur y Fd 5F 103*580 

d Samurai Portfolio SF 32880 

DISCOUNT BANK GROUP 

■vMulllcurr. Bond— . SF 137330 

wDolvdISond S 1161.13 

tv Eurovoi Eaulty .Ecu rwaon 

w N. America Eguffv 3 142X10 

w Pacific Equity—— 3 13333] 

DfT INVESTMENT F FM 

fl Canon tra-y — DM 52.93 

fl Inn Rententom + DM 7897 

ORESDNER INTERNATIONAL MGMT SER- 

Lo Taurtie House - IFSC - Dublin 1 
D5B Thornton Lot Am Sal Fd 

tf Conquistador Fund 3 9.93 

DUBINB SW1ECA ASSET MANAGEMENT 
Tel: 1809) ««l«0Fo : (809)9651468 

b HlahbrtdgaCaprtat Carp s 1204230 

rnOvertook Pertormance Fd_4 20481* 

m Pacific RIM Op Fd 3 10739 

BBC FUND MANAGERS IJenev) LTD 
1-3 Seale SL SI Heller ; 053M4J31 
EBC TRADED CURRENCY FUND LTD 

d Capital s 2 x 8*6 

fl Income 3 1L17I 

INTERNATIONAL INCOME FUND 

d Long Term 1 31.7021 

d Long Term - DMK DM 10*7149 

ERMJTAGC LUX OI2AB1 S) 
w Ermltage Inter Rate 5 trot JDM 1800 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


ADVERTISEMENT 

INTERNATIONAL FUNDS 

Qnntalixwm suppUod by funds Bsled. Net asset vatu* quotations an suppled bf Dm Funds Bated with tha eamptim ot snow qpotes hiaud on 
The mar^h»J symhob mcScate fraguency erf quotations supplioit (d[ - daily; |w} - moldy] (b) ■ M m o nth ly; ffl tortetghtly (awerg two ureetah 


May 30* 198* 


t’ 


TEMPLETON GLOBAL STRATEGY- UCAY 


w Ermlloge Sea Fund—— —J 

» Er mi lose iwooeFtf-S 0TO 

I ir Ermitooe Euro Heooc Fd _DM 15* 
w Enmllage Crosbr Asm Fd-> 
w Ermlloge Amrr Htfo Fd- — » “8- 

w Ermltage Emor MM3 . F4-J u -* 

EUROPA FUNDS LIMITED 

d Amerim EauiN Fund 3 

fl American Dpilan Fund 1 PUJ 

wAstenEauiirFO— 8 W-‘ 

w European Equity F<J-— — ,a - ro 
EVEREST CAPITAL (809) 292 22M 
mEvere5t Casual Inll Ltd— J 
FIDELITY INT*!. IN V. SERVICES (LWl 

SK»:»c=S .nig 

d Frontier Fund — 5 

a G total ind Fund J 

fl Global Selection Fund S 

fl New Europe Fund J ££ 

fl Orient Fund S 

tf 5 wool Growth Fund s C.M 

d world Fund * 

FINMANAGEMENT SA-Lugano(4i Jl/2J«12) 

iv Delta Premium Coo* A tln&iw 

FOKUS BANK Ai 472 428 555 
iv ScantoncH inn Growth Fd_J _ 180 
FOREIGN & COLONIAL EMERG MKTS LTD 
Tel: London 071 *28 123* 
rf Argentinian Invnl Ca SicgvS 37.w 

d Brazilian Invest Go siaw_5 27X 

a Cnlamotan invest Co 5leav_J )*4» 

0 Indian Invesl Co Stonv— - -J 
fl Lalta Amer E*tro Yield Fd $ 1D24B7 

rf Latin America income Cc— 5 »-w 

d Latin American invesl Co — i 'JJJS 

(jMezlam invest Co SJcav_* «Ji 

tf Peruvian inxesr Co Skav —4 1550 

FUND MARKETING GROUP IBID) 

PO Bov »01. Hamilton. Bermuda 

m FMG Global 130 A or I 5 13*7 

m FMG N. Amer. 130 Anri — S 
mFMG Europe (30 Aprl __-S 
mFMG EMO MKT IX Apr)— 5 1201 

mFMG Q 130 Aon 9 « 

FX C0NCEPT5 (BERMUDA) LTD 
w Conceals Fort. Fund— — 5 9.95 

OAIA CURRENCY FUNDS 

w Gala Hedge II ~S 12S-JI 

IV Gala Hedge III -J 1334 

n Gala Swiss FrcviC Fd — 5F «.7* 

iv GAIA Fr ... -» 

mOato G w rawteefl Cl. I 1 B487 

m Gala Guaranteed Cl. 1 1 -- 8 81*1 

GARTMGRE IND05UEZ FUNDS 27/05/94 
Tel : I3ff I 40 54 24 470 
Fox . (352) 44 54 23 
BOND PORTFOLIOS 

fl DEM Bom. D IS 54* DM 641 

a Dlverbond — —Xltoi75 SF 3.10 

tf Dollar Bond—— DiS L25 4 

tf Euraceon Bd DisIU Ecu 130 

fl Global Bond — Dk 218 * 2.45 

fl ranch Fronc__Dls 1030 FF 13.1* 

EQUITY PORTFOLIOS 

fl ASEAN J *■£ 

tf Asia Pad I K S 44* 

rf Continental Europe tea 1.J7 

fl Df ve lopmg MortrK S 4.12 

tf France- Ff tl.O 

tf fjfrrrT"" - PM 5 60 

tf internal lonal — 5 2AI 

tf North America 5 7AI 

tf Swlherlana -SF JJi 

tf United Kingdom 1 '43 

RESERVE FUNDS _ 

tf DEM. DB54H PM 6-282 

tf Dollar OK 288* J 2-1*1 

tf French Fnnc FF 12.76 

tf Zen Reserve T 287 3 

GEFINOR FUNDS . 

Lrmdon 71-69*4] n.Geneva:JI-S73555 M 

w Scottish WOrtd Fund 4 *5*8825 

iv Slate SI American— -5 3*8*7 

GENESEE FUND Ltd . 

w ia) Genesee Eagle J '3748 

w ( Bl Genesee Snort. — 4 «*48 

■v 1C) Genesee Onoortunir. — S 15227 

iv IF) Genesee Non-Eouffr — » f44J2 

GEO LOGOS 

w 1 1 Stroishf Bono 5 Ecu 10*188 

w II Pacin': Bang B SF 10*48 

GLOBAL ASSET MANAGEMENT 

OFFSHORE FUNDS 

11 Athol S'.Dauplaj.i ol Man 4*624424037 

» G*MerlcB S 44181 

n GAM Arbitrage — 4 397.45 

■V GAM ASEAN S *2*. -6 

iv GAM Australia — -5 girt 

w GAM Baslan 5 337-2° 

mGAM-Caryl'1 Minnetonia — S 1014* 

■v GAM Combined DM 12*0* 

w GAM Crass- Marvel 4 '085* 

iv GAM European i *348 

ir GAM France — FF 185*26 

■v GAM Fronc-vol -4F 76*.71 

w GAM GAMCO 5 71040 

tv GAM High Y leW » 15*47 

w GAM East Asia inc — 5 70*85 

w GAM Japan S 87*7* 

w GAM Money Win USS 5 10186 

tf Do Sterling-. : 10186 

fl Do Swiss Franc SF 101.47 

fl Da Devrtschcrnar* DM 10112 

fl Da Yen Y 10078.00 

w GAM Allocated Mill-Fa s 1*582 

w GAM Emera MX Is Mltl-Fd S l*L*7 

iv GAM MltFEurope USS S 13*81 

w GAM Mill Europe DM DM I35J1 

w GAM MIll-GtaDai USS S 177J4 

w GAM Trading DM DM 129.10 

w GAM Trading USS 1 1*8*9 

trr GAM Overseas 3 16506 

w GAM Pod lie 5 914.97 

w GAM Relative value S 111.10 

w gam Selection 3 *2181 

w GAM Slnaooare.’Maiarsio-S 71184 

w Gam SF Soeaal Bom SF 132*1 

■vGAMTycne S 343.31 

w GAM Oi 3 201.44 

wGAMul Investments 1 85*41 


r GAM Value 

IV GAM Whitethorn _S 194*7 

w GAM Worldwide S 69806 

w GAM Bond USS Ord S 14158 

« GAM Bam USl Special 1 18257 

iv GAM Bona SF SF 10120 

w GAM BlPld Yen Y 1640980 

IV GAM Bam DM -DM 11*83 

I. GAM Bond ! 1 15854 

w GAM E Speoal Born : 1398* 

w GAM Unlverjol USS S 1*9.96 

wGSAM Composite S JV.11 

SWISS REGISTERED FUNDS 41-1-1222624 
Muhtabochsirrae H3.CH BOWXurlcn 

d GAM (CHI Euraoe SF 9L23 

tf GAM (CHI Mondial— -SF 166.15 

tf GAM i CHI Pad lie SF 2**72 

SEC REGISTERED FUNDS 

13S East 5trd SlrveMtv 1OK2.212888-4200 

w GAM Euraoe S 8*88 

GAM Global — S 145JB 

w GAM interna nonai 5 1*3*6 

w GAM North America 3 8781 

w GAM Pod lie Besm S I9*S» 

IRISH REGISTERED UCITS 
Eartslart Terrace.Dublin 1 153-1-6740*30 

iv GAM Americana Acc DM 8879 

w GAM Eurasp Acc— DM 13UI 

w GAM Orlem Acc DM 16083 

w C-AM Tote-o Acc DM 17*85 

w GAM. Total Bona DM ACC DM 10778 

nr GAM Universal DM ACC DM 17482 

GLOBAL CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LTD 
Bermuda: (8091 295-6000 Fa*: (809) 295*180 
JWH GLOBAL STRATEGIES LTD 

wtC) Financial & Mewls 5 15BJ8 

w : D) Global Diversified-. 5 10801 

w IF) G« Currency S 8*73 

ir(Hi Yen Financial S 1*672 

iv I J) DtverslOefl Rsk Adi 5 117.90 

wlKl tail Currency 8. Band -5 12226 

w JWH WORLDWIDE FND-S 18*0 

GLOBAL FUTURES 8 OPTIONS SICAV 
ffl FFM Ini Bd Pragr-CHF Cl -SF 97.M 
GOLDMAN SACHS 

w G5 AdJ Rote Mert. Ffl II 5 MO 

ffiGSGtobcl Currency 5 13*3*1 

w G5 World Band Fund S 1029 

wGSWorta Income Fund 3 9*6 

GS EQUITY FUNDS 5ICAV 

iv GS Euro Small Cap Port 5 

w GS G lobal Equity S 1X21 

wGS US Cap Growth Pori S 

IV GS US Small Cop Part 5 

OOTTEX FUND MANAGEMENT 

vr G. Swop FuikJ Ecu 11*773 

GRANITE CAPITAL INTL GROUP 

wGrwilte Capital Equity 5 0.9007 

w Granite Capital Mkl Neutrals 05503 

ir Granite Capital Mortgage _S 07470 

GT ASSET MANAGEMENT (IRELAND) LTD 
Tel : 1*6)71 -71045*7 

tf GTAieanFflASham S 7883 

tf GT Ajean Ffl B Shores 4 78.97 

fl GT Asia Fund A Shares * 2484 

dGT Asia Fume Shares S 2582 

fl GT Asian Small Corrw A sttJ 19.13 

fl GT Asian Small CumpBShS 198* 

fl GT Australia Fd A Shores— S 3177 

fl GT Australia Fd B Shores- 8 33*1 

tf GT Austr. Small Co A Sn S 2887 

d GT Auitr. Small Co B Sh 3 2879 

d GT Bern Japan Fd A SA — S Z4I9 

tf GT Berry Japan Fd B Sh 3 2483 

tf GT Band Fd A Shares S i*j* 

tf GT Ben* Fd B Shares S 1**4 

fl GT Bio 8 Ap Sciences A ShJ 1824 

0 GT BloSr AP Sciences B5li8 1876 

tf GT Dollar Fund a Sh s 3*10 

tf GT Dollar Fund B Sh 3 3479 

tf GT Emerging MktsASh 5 

tf CT Emerging MWj 3 Sh S 

tf GT Em Mkl Small Co A Sh J 
fl GT Em Mkl Small Co B Sh J 
WGT Eure Small Co Fd A Sh J 4271 

wGT Euro Small Co Fd B Sh J n*S 

1 gJrionsKohoRtASharasS 74JB 

1 fo na - Kl g"-. F g ® Shares* 75*5 

flGT Honshu Pathfinder A Shi 138* 

fl GT Honshu Ptri Minder B Shs 
w GT Jap DTC Stacks Ffl A SftS 
nr GT JopOTC Stocks FdBShJ 
w GT Jpp Small Co Fd A Sh— J 
iv GT Jap Small Co Ffl B 5tU_S 

w GJ. Latin America Fd s 

tf OT Strategic Bd Fd A Si— 3 

d GT strategic Bd Fd B Sh l 

d GT Tetecnmm. Fd A Shares! 148* 

tf GTTeteamm.FdB Shores! 1482 

r GTTertwotogy Fimfl A Sh_5 it 3 

r GT Technology Fund B 5h_S 5587 

GT MA NAGEM ENT PLC (46 71 7W 65 67) 

2 By? **'*” 1 !?’ Funtf-S 2080 

a G.T. Deutsctuam Fund S 1120 

rf G.T. Europe Fund 3 5173 

w G.T. Global Small Co Fa — s 29*6 

tf GT, Investment Fund _5 25.71 

wG.T. Korea Fund 3 *86 

wGT.NewtrfntfGounfrFd-8 61.19 

w G.T. US Smab Companies —5 2*70 

GUeRNSEY CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LTD 

i GCM Global SeL E A 3 107.18 

guinness flight fd mngrs leaser) lm 
GUINNESS FLIGHT GLBL STRATEGY FD 

d Monogml Currency 1 — S 2980 

fl Global te a t 3627 


tf Global h>«i income Bam —5 n ■» 

e GUI & i Bono . 6 \0Ji 

fl Euro High i "C Bond— ( 2187 

fl Global Eauifr 3 7X46 

a American 2iue Chip .S 7!B> 

fl Jason and Pncifle S 13046 

fl UK. i 2587 

rf Euro«»rin 3 116.12 

GUINNESS FLIGHT INTL *CCUM FQ 
d Deutschemarv Manev — —DM 09.197 

d US Dollar Montr— 5 38*57 

rf US Dollar Hlgn va Bam — J 2*39 

fl inti Bolnnca Grth S 3*1* 

HASENSICHLER ASSET MANGT GeunbH. 
w Hraenb'Chier Cam AG —Ji 620085 

w Hasenblchler Cam UK S 11*83 

w HBsenbicnier Di* S 13*1 

iv AF FT 3 lJUDS 

HDF FINANCtTel 133-1 H07***S*>Fas 6*766655 

wMorainvesi Furooe FF 1M989 

w Mandinrni Cralaonce FF 146A.I0 

n Mondlnxest Opp 'ntiei FF 133*88 

a MohdinveS* Emerg Growih.FF 135*1* 

w Mominvect Futures FF 1319*4 

HEPTAGON FUNDNV (599MUH5) 

I HeptoganQLB Fund. S 9JJ1 

m Heptagon CMO Funa S 70*0 

NERME5 A5SET MANAGEMENT LTD 
Bermuda: 190917^4000- Lu.v.;(SaMWM6l 
Final Pnce* 

m Hermes Euraoeon Fund—- Eai OStL® 

m Hermes North American FdS ?9C8l 

mHermei ASimi Fund S 330J39 

m Hermes E mere Mkw Fixto J 122.11 

mHffinK Siraipstes Fund — 3 606*1 

m Hermes Neutral Fund S 11384 

in Hermes Glsfcoi Fund 5 64173 

m Hermes Bond Fund Ecu I77S40 

m Hermes S'erll ng Fd c T07.4* 

m Hermes Gold Fund S 40989 

INCOME PARTNERS (ASIA) LIMITED 

w Asian Fired Income Fd S 1(1330 

INTERINVEST I BERMUDA) LTD 
C/e Ban), oi Bermuda. Tel : 00* 295 4000 
ffl Hed9ehos i Conserve FdJ 9*8 

INTERNATIONAL ASSETS FUND 
X Bd Rare!. L-2464 Luxembourg 
w Europe Sud E - 5ai 9S.9S 

INTERNATIONAL MGMT INCOME FUND 

fl Ameriave du Nora 5 10058 

rf Eurooe Commentate DM im.ll 

o Ei rreme Orient AngiasaxanAS 10025 

tf France FF klw 

tf Unite— LB 101*6 L00 

tf Zone ASOIteue Y 1002800 

1NVESCO INTL LTD. POB 271, Jersey 
Tel: 44 536 72114 

fl Maximum income Fund — i awn 

d Sterling Mngd Pltl £ 11660* 

o pioneer Markets— C ft-JJM 

tf otasan Global Strategy— 8 17*100 

fl Asia Suser Grawtn 3 2*631)0 

fl Nippon Warrant Fund. S 28000 

tf Aite Tiger Warrant 5 45200 

fl European warranl Funa 5 15100 

d Old N.W. 1994 S 98800 

PREMIEP SELECT FUNDS 

d American Growtn 3 48300 

d American Enterprise 8 97200 

d Asia Tiger Growth S 127400 

fl Dollar Reserve S 57700 

fl Euraoeon Growth— s 5.4109 

d Eurooean Enterprise S 6.4900 

fl Global Emerging Morkeis-S 91600 

d Global Growth- s 57700 

e Nloaon Enterprise. JS 08100 

tf Nippon Growth S 57300 

tf UK. Growth c 53400 

tf iiertlng Reserve t 

fl North American Warrants 4*500 

tf Greater China Opps S 7J900 

ITALFORTUNE INTL. FUNDS 
h 0055 A f Aggr. Growth llal. IS 5429500 

w Class B (C-totxn Eauihri— 8 1288 

w Class C (Global Bondi 3 1184 

w Class D (Eai Bond) Ecu 1182 

JARDINE FLEMING , GPO Buz 11440 Hg Kg 

fl JF ASEAN Trust 3 S5.09 

tf JF Far East Wmi Tr 8 24.12 

tf JF Global Com,. Tr s 14 J* 

tf JF Hong K.ong Trust 8 t*8Q 

tf JF Jacan 5m. Co Tr. Y 5238180 

0 JF Japan Trust— Y 1319TL00 

tf JF Malavs>a Taut 5 ;«.92 

tf JF Poctf 1C (IK. Tr. 3 1X48 

tf JF Thollana Trvsl— — 8 37.17 

JOHN GOVETT MAHT (I.OAU LTD 
Tel 44*24 *3 94 20 

w Govett Man. Futures ( 1110 

w Gavett Man. Fut. US* 1 98* 

» Govett 5 Geor. Curr 3 1370 

w Govett 3 Gay BaL Have s 10.9092 

JULIUS BAER GROUP 

fl Baerpcnd- SF 

fl Can bar SF 

fl Eaulbaer Amenco S 

d EQuiooer Euraoe SF 

fl SFR - BAE R SF 

tf sroobar 5F 

fl Swissocr 5F 

d uautboer S 

fl Euraoe Band Fund— —Ecu 

fl Dollar Bond Fund S 

d Austro Band Fund —AS 

tf Swiss Bond Fund SF 

d DM Band Fund DM 

fl Convert Bond Fund SF 

tf Global Bond Funa DM 

tf Ei/ra 5roo Fund Ecu 

fl US Stock Fund S 13180 

tf Podtlc Slock Fund S 13X10 

fl Swiss Stack Fund SF 1*553 

a Special Swiss Stack SF 

fl Japan Slack Fund Y 

rf German Stock Fund .DM 

fl Kcrvcn Stock Fund * 

fl Swiss Franc Cash 5F 

fl DM Cash Fund DM 

tf ECU Cash Fund .Ecu 

fl Sterling Cash Fund C 

tf Dollar Carfi Fund.. S 

fl French Franc Cash FF 

KEY ASSET MANAGEMENT INC 

m Kev Global Hedge- * 2W80 

ffl Kev Hedge Fund Inc * 148*8 

Kl PACIFIC ASSET MANAGEMENT INC 

ffl Kl Asia Podlle Ffl LM S l!*t 

KIODER, PEABODY 

ff Oieseueoke Fund Lid S 28551* 

Dill Fund Lid— S 113780 

ff inn Guaranteed Furd S 132X17 

6 Stonehenge LM 1 1*79.49 

LEHMAN BROTHERS 

fl Aslan Dragon Part NV A S 9J7 

d Aslan Dragon Pan NV 8 — * 9Je 

tf Global Advisors II NV A — S 10.11 

fl Global Advisors II NV 9 — 5 18.11 

fl Global Advisors Ron NV AJS l(MS 

fl Global Advisors Part NV B J 1089 

fl Lehman Cur Aflv. A/B 3 T O. 

tf Premier Fuiures Atfv 4_ B_s 987 

LIPPO INVESTMENTS 
2*/F LI poo Tower Centre, 09 Queenswov.HK 
Tgf (IS21 867 6888 Fa « (8SZI 591 0388 

w Java Fund S *A5 

wAseanFiveflincFd 5 970 

wlDR Money Market Fd S 1X51 

w USD Manev Market Fd S 1089 

w Indonesian Growth Fd * 20*1 

w Asian Growth Fund .J 1X97 

w Adoi Warrant Fund — — — S 780 

LLOYD GEORGE MNGMT (153) 845 <433 
w Antenna Fund 3 1788 

■v LG Asian Smaller Cos Fd_8 1A*542 

w LG India Fund Ud S 1*71 

LLOYDS BANK INTL (BAHAMAS) LM 
Uoyds Americas Pgrttallo 18091 127-871 1 
iv Bakmced Moderate Risk FdS 9*4 

LOMBARD, ODIER « Cl E - GROUP 
QBUFLEX LTD (Cl) 

fl Muttlcurrancy S 3X9* 

fl Dollar Medium Term S 2472 

d Dollar Long Term 3 2083 

d Japanese Yen Y 508180 

fl Pound 5terfing C 2*44 

fl Deutsche Mari DM 17.73 

fl Dutch Florin Fl 1844 

fl HY Eure Currencies — — Ecu 1477 

a Swts* Franc SF 1X33 

d US Dollar Short Term. 5 1284 

fl HY Euro Curr Dlvkt Pov — Ecu 1155 

fl Swtss Mutttcurrencv 5F 16JB 

fl European Cwrencv—— Ecu 2248 

0 Belgian Franc—. BF I36J* 

tf Converts* 8 1497 

tf French Fume FF 159*5 

fl SwtaMpm-Oivktend SF 1085 

tfSwto Franc Short -Term SF )0*B1 

fl Canodtan Doitar CS 1147 

fl Dutch Florin MutH Fl 1571 

tl Swiss Franc Dtvtd Pov SF 1080 

fl CAD Multtcar. Dtv CS 1X19 

fl Ma s S Ic n ane an Curr— SF 1097 

tf Convertibles SF 9.99 

NMLABAR CAP MGMT IBnado) LTD 

m MaUar Inn Funa S 1989 

MAN INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 
mMJnt Limited -Ordinary —8 448T 

mMM Limited - Income S 1X19 

mMintGtd LM -Spec Issue-8 77*0 

fftMln! GW Ud- Nov 2002 S 2X87 

it) Mint Gtd Ltd - Dec 1994 S 1820 

fftMMGtd LM- Agg 1995 5 1573 

fflMinlGra Currencies i 785 

ffiMW Gtd Currencies 2001— S 790 

fflMRlf 5pRes Lid IBNP) S 70287 

m Athena GM Futures S 1286 

ffl Athena Gtd Cwrandes — -J 986 

ffl Athena GM Financiers lnc_ 5 1151 

ffl Athena Gtd Financials Cap 9 1174 

ffiAHL Capttoi Mkts Fd 5 1112 

mAHLCommwflry Fund S 982 

mAHL Currency Fund S 9.11 

rnAHL Red Time Trad Fd — S 1382 

mAHL GW Red Time T rd S H15 

mAHL GM Cep Mark LI iJ S 9.9S 

fflMao Guaranteed 1994 LM— S Ul 

ffiMas Leveraged Recov. LM 8 1180 

mMAP Guaranteed 2000 S 9.77 

taMInf G GL FBI 2003 8 7.13 

MARITIME MANAGEMENT LTD 
73 Front 54 Hamilton Ber muda [809)292 9789 
W Mcritlm* Mtt-Sertor t LM— S 191583 

tr Maritime Gtbl Bela Series-S S37J1 

WfAarUUneGtbt Deha Series 8 111.18 

w Maritime GW Tou Series—* HUB 

MATTHEWS INTERNATIONAL M6T 
EMERGING ASIAN STRATEGIES FUND 

ffl Clan A S 11433 

fl Class B S 11744 

fl Pori tie Convert strut S 97*5 

MAVERICK (CAYMAN) U09) 9W-7H2 

m Mover** W — S 14778*7 

MCKINLEY CAPITAL PARTNERS. LTD 

mTTte Ccraolr Fund Lid 8 11117 

ME E5 PIERSON 

Rakin 55. im2kk. Amsterdam (20321 1 1*8! 

w Aria Pot Growth Fd N.V S 40.90 

tv Aston Capital Holdings S 6182 

iv Askm Selection Ffl N.V Fi 10X47 

w DP Amer. Grewm Fd nv._s 3570 

IT EM5 Gfchonr Fd N.V. Fl 1fl7JI 

w Europe Grown Fund N.V. _FI 6470 

w Japan DHerrified Fund S 5X98 

w Lave meed Cap Noid S *080 

W Tokyo POC. He4eL N.V. 3 254*3 

MERRILL LYNCH 

fl DeBor A«ets Partfotta S 180 

fl Prime Rate Pomona s 1080 



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MERRILL LYNCH SHORT-TERM 
WORLD INCOME PORTFOLIO 

sas- s 

GU3BAL CURRENCY BWtD SERIES 

AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR PORTFOLIO 

tf Cotegorr A “ 

0 C fl tfrvur’Y R — ^ 

CANADIAN DOLLAR PORTFOLIO 
fl Category A £S M.I2 

0 Cg fftWT Y B — 

CORTORATE HIGH INCOME P7FL 

UOtSSA-l. J *5 

fl CknsA-2 * 

fl Ctass B-1 — * 

fl Class (IT * _ , - s * 

DEUTSCHE MARK PORTFOLIO 

fl Category A- OM JO* 

0 ColfeQOfY H DM *2J6 

EUROPEAN BOND PORTFOLIO (OMI 

tf CiauA-1 \ 

fldSSSA-2 * «« 

rf Class B-1- \ 

0 Phil, p 7 ta l^/| 

EUROPEAN BOND PORTFOLIO IUSS) 

0 Class A-I P M 97D 

fl CknsA-2 — DM 1048 

flCtasiB-l A -J* 

fl etna n-T * 1841 

POUND STERLING PORTFOLIO 

fl Category A 1 lift 

fl Cateocry B. — - 5 *546 

U5 DOLLAR PORTFOLIO 

tf Category A - » '•*-*! 

fl Category B S T1T3 

YEN PORTFOLIO 

fl Category A — — ■ Y IDl 

fl Category B — ■ Y ItfJ 

MULTI CURRENCY BOND PTFL 

fl rVry; A * 22-17 

* *1-64 

US FEDERAL SECU RIT1ES PTFL 

d CtaysA S « 

fl CJass B S 98B 

44ERR7U. LYNCH 

EQUITY / CONVERTIBLE SERIES 

BASIC VALUE PORTFOLIO 

fl Class A S K76 

fl Class B S 1413 

CONVERTIBLE SECURITIES PTFL 

d CBn A S J4K 

d Class 9 * 1X75 

GLOBAL ALLOCATION PTFL (USD 

fl Clogs A S 1053 

fl Class B S 1046 

GLOBAL EQUITY PORTFOLIO 

tf Class A S 10.16 

tf Class B - * 940 

EURO EQUITY PORTFOLIO 

tf Class A S M3 

d CkSsB. S 1379 

LATIN AMERICA PORTFOLIO 

6 Class A S UM 

tf Class B 3 1330 

WORLD NATURAL RESOURCES PTFL 

tf Ooss A S 1780 

0 Class S S 1U9 

DRAGON PORTFOLIO 

0 Class A 3 1*79 

fl Class B S 1685 

MERRILL LYNCH INC 3 PORTFOLIO 

rf Ctass A S 895 

fl Ctass B S 89S 

0 Ctass C S 895 

MERRILL LYNCH MEXICAN INC PORT 

rf Marian Ine* PHI a A S 977 

tf Mexican Inc 3 PHI a B 5 9J7 

fl Mexican Ine Peso PtfiaAA 984 

fl Mexican Inc Peso PHI a B 3 984 

MOMENTUM ASSET MANAGEMENT 
w Momentum Novell ter Pert J 94S2 

m Momentum Rainbow Fd 5 71*45 

m Momentum RxR R.U. 8 8739 

m Momentum 5toct m »arier_S 15171 

A4DRVAL VO NWILLES ASSET MGT C* 

•V Miter Tetecum S 993 

w WIDerfunds- Will erbond CaaS 1540 

wWlltertunds-Whlerband EorEcu 1X43 

wWlllertunas-WIHereq Eur — Ecu I2JS 

w WlUerfundvWlUereq Italy _U1 1378L00 

iv Wliierfunds-wnierea NA 3 1X17 

MULTI MANAGER N.V. 

— % 98* 

w Emerging Markets Ffl S 2147 

wEurocean Growth Fd Ecu 15-14 

n H edge Fund s 1291 

w Jaaonese Fund Y 869 

ir Martel Neutral 8 ia» 

m World Band Fund Ecu 1275 

NICHOLAS-APPLEGATE CAPITAL MOT 

iv NAFlextate Growth Ffl 3 S40JC2 

ir NA Hedge Fund 5 13X95 

NOMURA INTL (HONG KONG) LTD 

fl Nomura Jakarta Fund 8 895 

NOR IT CURRENCY FUND 

ffiNCF USD 1 82095 

mNCFDEM DM 89569 

mNCF CHF SF 9309 

m NCF FRF FF 4460JB 

mNCF JPY v 8269580 

mNCF BEF BF 27C338D 

ODEY ASSET MANAGEMENT LTD 
71 Grasvensr SU-dn WIX 9FE44-7M99 2998 

fl Ocey Euraoeon DM 15L30 

• Odey European 3 15X50 

wOoev Euraa Growth Inc DM 15077 

w Ocey Eurap Growth Acc_— DM 15X32 

■vOcev Sure Grib Star inc C 6091 

w Oder Sura Grin Ster Acc L 01.13 

OLYMPIA CAPITAL INTL. INC 
Williams House. Hamilton HAUL Bermuda 
Tel: 809 293-101S Fax: 839 295-2325 

w Finsbury Group 3 21*80 

wOJympto Securtte SF SF 17SJ6 

wOtetnoio Stars EmefgMkhS 89287 

w Wlnttfx Eastern Dragon S 1782 

wWtneft. Frontier S 2347* 

wWtodL Fat. Olrmpia Star _S 15X69 

wWIndxGlSeclncPI IA1 S 980 

w Winch. Gl Sec me PI (C) 3 926 

wWbKfLHldg InriMcalsea Ecu 14777) 

w Winch. Htdolnn Ser D_ Ecu 174287 

iv Winch. Htds tnn Ser F Ecu '729.1 B 

w Winch. HfcfBOIr Star Hedges 109783 

w Winch. Aeser. Multi Gv BdJ 19.03 

iv Winchester Thaitand 5 307* 

OPTIMA FUND MANAGEMENT 
73 Freni St. HamlltOtaBermudo 80929S8658 
«v Owirno Emerotd Fd ud — 3 976 

w Optimo Fixid S 17J2 

iv OoHma Furures Fund 3 T7J9 

w Ootlmo GtabtH Fund _S 1X3* 

wCrohma Perycuki Ffl LJfl 3 971 

wOdnoShort FurxJ — S 7 JO 

0R8ITEX GROUP OF FUNDS 

rf oraitex Ask) Poc Fd S 5J660 

fl Oraitex Growth Fd 3 7.1297 

fl Orbite* Health A EnvtrFdJ 58996 

rf Orallex Japan Smalr Caff FdS 68332 

C Oraitex Natural Res Fd — CS 1SJ4J9 
FACTUAL 

fl Eternity Fund Ud 3 24SJ71S 

fl Infinity Fund Ltd S 4217189 

fl Star High Yield Fd Ltd 3 1278385 

PAR1BAS-GROUP 
w Luxor . . 3 

fl Porvcri USA B S 

fl Ptirvest Jopcxi B ... Y 

0 Parvesl Asta Pndt B .. S 

d Parvesl Europe B fqi 

d Parvesl Holland B Fl 

rf Parvesl France B_ FF 

fl Parvesl Gennany B„ DM 

rf Porveri OblKJobar B 3 

fl PweSt OWH3M B — DM 

fl Parvesl QbU-Yen B y 

fl Parvest ObH-GMun B n 

fl Parvest OWl-Frane B FF 

rf Parvest ObU-Ster B c 

fl Parvest OW i-EcuB Ecu 

rf Parvest ObiFfletax B LF 

tf Parvest S-T Donor B_ 3 

fl Parvest S-T Euraoe B ..—Ecu 

rf Parvest S-T DEM B DM 

fl Parvest 5-T frf b FF 

rf Porveri 5-T Be) Plus B BF 

fl Parvest Global B LF 

rf Parvesl lot Bond B S 

fl Parvest ObJWJraB LM 

tf Parvesl lot Eoufliei B S 

fl Parvest UK B c 

rf Pwvesf USD Pius B s 

fl Porveri S-T chf b SF 

fl Parvest OUKanada B CS ivjt 

fl Parvest OWFDkk b dkk 9«5J8 

PERMAL GROUP 

1 OnAkar Grovrtti MV. S 2WJ7 

r Emerging MHsHMbs S B73J* 

t EuroMir (Ecu) LM Ecu W8S 

f FX, Flntmctals & Futures _S 95180 

/ investment H tags N.V S »32J4 

f Media S Cnmmufdatf(ofH_S 1829,15 

/ Nosed Ud S 1BUS4 

PICTET A CIE- GROUP 

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wFJXF Germoval (LuxJ DM 

wPJCJF HorarnYdl I Lux) S 

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w PjCF valttalki (Lux) Ut 

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w PJJ^. VribondSFR [Lux) JF 
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rfHegenlGWTBir J 

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rf Regent Sri LariaFd—^ ' 

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rf Aria/toPCTi EmtruL Gjawms 17405)0 

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ff VKJulr B Artooe . S 4Hafff 

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mHerorod Leveraged Hid S 83183 

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ID Key Kvurrified Inc Fd LKU 1X54039 
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w Rbi GAM Em MMs LOti Am* 
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d Eorapa lac -S CL99 

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d Glottal inc S 181 

d L okm zteflei tac — — 3 873 

fl Vgrtdep inc S 188- 

d Japan Inc Y TJJf 

tf MU to Inc S • 079 

d Sverige ine Srt H«1 

d NordoraerttD fnc S AW 

tf Tetaxhoai Inc S 1JH 

tf Sveriso Rnrffefand tnc Scfc 10S2 

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tf Eaattv inn Ik S Uffl 

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fl EaullY MKHterronam S 18* 

fl Eoultv Norib America S 281 

fl Eaulty Far East S 490 

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d Bond Inn Acc S 1240 

tf Bead Inn toe S 788 

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fl Band Sweden toe Sek 1070 

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d Band DEM Inc DM 0.9* 

tf Bond Dollar US Act S - US' 

tf Band DoOor US IOC S 185 

tf Curr. US Donor s . iff* 

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SOGETE GENERALS GROUP 

50GELUX FUND (SF) 

wSF BcnfeA ■'*» « 16.10 

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wSF Bondi C Frmce FF 12975 

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wSF Borah F Japan Y 2C1 

nrSF Bands GEirope £ou 1883 

wSF Bonn HVtarid Wide % 1880 

wSF Bonds JBeWum BF 83180 

w SFEaKHririi America —S 1731 

wSFEa.LW.EinM Ecu 1687 

WSFEuMPotSflc Baste Y 1570 

wSFEaP Growth Cn>ntri»8 17*3 

WSFEO.O Gold Mines — J 3X6? 

irSFEa.R World Wide S 1580 

w 5F Short Term S France FF 1 71. W76 

wSF Short TemT Eur Ecu M8 

SOOIT1C ASSET MANAGEMENT INC- 

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w SAM Diversified S ^0 

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m Alpha SAM— S J2>*1 

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mSR Ennxwmi— S 9^3 

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ff SHB Bond Fund __S 56.U 

wSvenekfl SeL Fd Amer Sh— * SJ 

wSvenritoSeLFd Germany -3 Jiff* 

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wSwmkaSd.FdinnSti 1 6080 

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wSvenskDSeLFdSyhrloSb— Eai 11*35 










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THE TRIB INDEX IIP / -<»»■ 

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France-U.K. Compromise 

British Can Land at Orly as of June 13 

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World Index 

5/30/94 close: 112.73 
Previous: 112.78 


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1833 


Asia /Pacific 


AlW^weighBng:^ 
Qoee: 132.67 Prev_- 132^0 



Balkan^ 




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North America 


Appro* wghfing: 26% 
Ctosa 33.78 Prev_-33J0 


Appro* WB^hfing: 37% 
Ctow 111.71 faun MB 


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1SB3 1994 


Latin America 


Approx, weighfing: 5% 
Ctose 110.42 Bn*.- 11752 



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Industrial Sectors 


J09.fl6 109-87 40.08 C**al Goods 115.87 115.61 4022 

127.08 127.73 -0.51 
0754 97 J8 -055 


WgtiBS 117a) 117^0 Un ch. Raw Materials 
Rnanw natt 118-99 -ftQfl Consumer Goods 

fr*"*” 11650 116.86 -055 Wscobwous 


12758 127.71 40.13 

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-• | riWs to Tiib Index, 181 Avenue Charles de GauSe, 92521 Ateuay Cedex^Francs. 

■ * .. ?r? * - -:=. . __ © International Herald Tr*x®e 

Ahead / Commentary 


Corner’s Resales 
Of Aircraft Faker 

Roam 

KUALA LUMPUR — Maiay- 
sian Airline System Bhd. said Moo- 
day ia net profit plunged 94 percent 
in the year ended March 3!. and 
only an accounting change saved the 
carrier from posting a loss. 

Southeast Asia’s largest airline 
Mid its sales rose 9 percent, to 4.08 
bdhonringgit <S2 billion), from 
j.74 billion ringgit in the previous 
I year as its overall traffic rose. 

But net earnings fell to 8.4 mil- 
lion ringgit, or 1.2 Malaysian cents 
a share, from 145.6 million ringgit, 
or 30,1 cents a share, mainiyoe- 
cause the carrier failed to repeat its 
previous success in selling used air- 
craft and spare parts at a profit. 

The company also said profit 

hit by recession in key markets, 
low margins on competitive inter- 
national routes, losses on domestic 
routes and the cost of its aircraft 
purchases. 

Malaysian Air said it earned 1 1.8 
million ringgit last year by selling 
coc B737-200 and various spare 
parts. 

The carrier would have had a loss 

in the latest period except for an 
accounting change in which it in- 
creased the residua] value for new 
aircraft — their sale value after 15 
years — to 20 percent from 10 
percent, slicing depreciation 
charges by 69.1 million ringgit. 

It said the change was justified on 
the grounds that its new aircraft 
would have a large resale value be- 
cause of iugh- technology equipment 
and that it was following practices 
‘adopted by other airlines. 

■ Iberia Says Loss Narrows 
_ The Spanish national airline Ibe- 
ria Uneas Afereas de Espaha SA 
said its operating loss narrowed to 
135 billion pesetas ($100 million) 
in the first four months of 1994 
from 185 trillion pesetas a year 
earlier, Bloomberg Business News 
reported from Madrid. 

“The outlook for operating in- 
come this year is good, and the 
results could even be positive," the 
company said. 


PARIS — France said Monday 
that it would allow British airlines 
to make four flights daily between 
London and Orly airport outside 
Paris starting June 13. 

The compromise eased the lat- 
est conflict between European 
Union countries over how fast to 
deregulate industries and spur 
competition, but British carriers 
still protested the limiiari service. 

Transport Minister Bernard 
Bason of France announced the 
decision after a weekend meeting 
with John MacGregor, the Brit- 
ish transport secretary. 

Mr. MacGregor called the 
move a “major victory'’ for his 
government's negotiators. 

Mr. Bosson said that be would 
strongly support a bid by French 
airlines to get slots at London’s 
Heathrow airport. He said he 
would limit Orly access to four 
lake-off and landing slots per 
company per day, and from the 
summer of 1995 would only al- 
low planes with more than 200 
seats on the airport during morn- 
ing and evening peak hours. 

"The Commission wants total 


freedom now," he said. “We 
agreed to total freedom from 
1997.” 

Britain welcomed the decision 
but vowed to fight on against 
restrictions still in place. 

_ The British Airways chairma n 
Sir Colin Marshall, said flights by 
BA and its subsidiary TAT would 
begin promptly on June 13. 

A spokesman said BA was 
particularly concerned about 
France limiting services to only 
four flights per airline and re- 
stricting the capacity of those 
aircraft allowed in. 

Mr. Bo&son also said that 
France would lodge an official 
complaint before July 3 with the 

the European ComraissionVdoc^ 
son to force open Orly. 

“J am not a protectionist,” he 
said. “1 am in favor of competi- 
tion because it will reduce the 
price of air travel to nearly all 
destinations. But a condition is 
that [competition! should be re- 
strained." 

The French derision comes as 
Paris tries to obtain EU permis- 
sion to pump hundreds of mil- 


lions of dollars into Air France 
during reorganization to stem 
losses that topped 8 billion 
francs ($1.4 billion) last year. 
Unions have slowed the effort by 
launching crippling strikes to 
protest planned job cuts. 

“I am astonished at the size of 
the aid package." said Mr. Mac- 
Gregor. “We will insist that this 
is the last state aid Air France 
will receive.” 

France has argued that it needs 
to restructure Air France before 
full deregulation. The group’s do- 
mestic airline. Air Inter, is sad- 
dled with money-losing routes it 
agreed to run in exchange for 
highly profitable ones. 

Orly, south of Paris, is current- 
ly mainly used as (be hub airport 
for domestic airline Air Inter. 
Most international flights use 
Roissy/Charies de Gaulle airport. 

Meantime, two French airlines. 
Air Outre- mer and Air Liberie, 
are threatening to take action in 
Britain to achieve access to Lon- 
don’s Heathrow airport “Discus- 
sions are under way with London 
airport authorities,” Mr. Bosson 
told reporters. (Reuters, AP) 


Mediobanca 
Is Told It Faces 
Investigation 


New Deal for U.S. Workplace 

Tk- . r ■ _ vt ■ ■ 


By Louis UchiteUe 

New York Times Service 

a — A commission created by Presi- 

wSS. 01 ” 1011 £f*“ ,nch,dcd the American 
workplace cannot become truly efficient and globally 
competitive until the hostility between labor and main 
agemem —particularly when unions try to organize a 
company — is greatly reduced. 

The commission found a rising number of conflicts 

than 30 percent of the US. work force — yearn to 
pmtiapate in decision-making on the job, a yearning 
thatmany managers welcome, but many others reject 
The White House plans the findings of the 10- 
member commission, which includes three former 
secretaries of labor, corporate executives and union 
kaders, to be the focus for whatever labor legislation it 
might propose in the president’s first term 
“What we want is a new framework for worter- 
m a n agn m emrdations that breaks the stalemate that 

inDOVatiofl and efficiency at 
the workplace, said Thomas Kochan, a professor of 
man agement at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology and a commission member. 


To this end, the commission is trying to broker a 
hisionc compromise that would give workers and 
managers shared power in running their companies, 
that is a tall order, but part of the co mmiss ion's 
mandate. 

The AFL-OO labor union is interpreting the find- 
mgs as evidence that the National Labor Relations 
Act, enacted in 1935 and still the basic U.S. labor law, 
should be amended to make union organizing, guaran- 
teed in the 1935 act, easier and faster. 

Bui management is unlikely to embrace that view. 

It js ray sense of the busmess community that it 
would not be very supportive of making it easier for 
unions to organize,” said Jeffrey C McGinness, presi- 
dent of the Labor Policy Association. 

The labor law that emerged during the Great De- 
pression drew some provisions from a simila r, detailed 
study of the American workplace by a presidential 
commission. There has been no such study since. 

The panel, formally known as the Commission on 
the Future of Worker-Management Relations, assert- 
ed that the necessary crisis does indeed exist — fed by 
such factors as stagnant wages, global competition, 
P°S incomes and high unemployment for the 
unsiallca. 


rii. ^ - , - n 




Lessons of the Great China Debacle 




HtHid 0 






j 


. *„.->■ 


By Reginald Dale 

Imanationai HaM Tribvae 

' ASHINGTON — President 
Bfli Gin ton's derision to keqp 
trade flowing with China — 
and to delink it from human 
rights — was not just about trade, nor even 
just about China. With tuck, it reflects a new 
realism about how the world works in the 
dosmg years of the 20th century —and about 
the limits to American power. Now that same 
realism should be applied to other problem 
policy areas — starting with Japan. 

In one way, of course; Mr. Clinton's embar- 
rassing volte-face on China was simply a Jong- 
ovordue recognition that yon can not haveit 
both ways. You cannot insist that American 
exports md jobs are your prime concern and at 
the same time threaten to endanger them — at 
least not very convincingly. 

Many saw Mr. Qin ton’s derision as ram- 
ming home the by now rather trite point that 
in the post-Cold War era foreign policy is 
driven by economics. “More and more, we 
find that economics is a major point in for- 
rign affairs,” Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bent- 
sen said. “That's going to accelerate.” 

It is not exactly a new phenomenon. Colo- 
nialism was mostly about economics. Nor is it 
entirely true. It would take a Marxist to argue 
that economics had much to do with Mr. 
Clinton's foreign-policy failures in Bosnia, 
Haiti or Somalia. 

It also is a false antilheas to suggest that 
economics somehow beat out human rights to 
dictate Mr. Clinton’s new China policy. 

• But it is true that economics, and trade in 
particular* has catapulted to the forefront of 
the American foreign political debate. Mr. 


Clinton has played his pan by frequently 
treating foreign policy as an arm of danestic 
economic policy, designed to smash open 
foreign markets to promote growth and em- 
ployment at home. 

. It is right and proper that economic ques- 
tions should dominate American relations 
with mudb of rest of the wodd: How should 
Russia best be hdped to become a market 
economy, how might Latin America be 


Three major lessons can 
be drawn from the Qiina 
episode — and they all 
are applicable to relations 
with Japan. 


TTiere are lessons to be learned from the 
great China debacle. 

One is that in today's global economy, not 
even the biggest single player can get its way 

on its own. Another is that relations with Ley 
partners should not be based on the biegesi 
imtant u those relations. 

A third is that narrow domestic consider- 
ations should not govern major foreign policy 
decisions. Mr. Clin ton’s main mistak e with 
China was that a year ago he tried to solve a 


MILAN — Prosecutors on Mon- 
day tdd executives of Mediobanca 
SpA — including its honorary 
c h ai rm an Enrico Cucria — they 
were under investigation in connec- 
tion with the restructuring last year 
of Femizti Finanziaria SpA. 

The notification, in a statement 
from the investigating judge, came 
one year after Mediobanca led a 
group of creditor banks in a take- 
over of Femizzi. Once Italy's sec- 
ond-largest privately owned indus- 
trial company, after Fiat SpA. 
Femizzi had debts at the rim* esti- 
mated at around 30 triBion lire ($18 
billion). 

Mediobanca issued a statement 
saying the bank was “bitter” that 
j ts “dedication and correct actions" 
in trying to save Femizzi from 
bankruptcy had “had the effect of 
criminalizing us.” 

Mr. Cucria, 86, hdped found 
Mediobanca in 1946, and it has 
since backed all of Italy’s leading 
companies and families, includin g 
the Agnellis, the Pirellis and the 
Femtzzis. 

The other targets of the investi- 
gation are the bank’s chief execu- 
tive officer, Vincenzo Maranghi; 
Gerardo Braggiotti, its head of fi- 
nance. and Maurizio Ronriti, its 
head of mergers and acquisitions. 

Mediobanca is the country’s big- 
gest merchant hank. It is the clear- 
ing house for virtually all major 
financial deals, the custodian of 
strategic chunks of stock in Italy's 
handful of major industrial groups, 
the center of financial bailouts and 
restructurings. 

Femizzi handed over control to 
its creditor banks last summer as it 
faced collapse amid the bribery anj 
corruption investigations that 
touched dozens of Italian politi- 
cians and business executives. 

Mediobanca said Monday that 
the prosecutors said the bank 
should have stopped the official 
fling in June 1993 of 1992 financial 
results approved by Ferruzzi’s for- 
mer management. 

Mediobanca said it bad given 
investigators evidence showing that 


it was not responsible for stopping 
the filing or the results. 

Femizzi Finanziaria. which 
owns chemical and other industrial 
companies, was taken over by Me- 
diobanca and other creditor banks 
aftff posting a net loss for 1992 of 
1.52 trillion lire. It later posted a 
loss of 2.42 trillion lire for 1993, 
including restructuring charges of 
2.1 trillion lire. 

Framer Femczi executives are 
under investigation for paying mil- 
lions of dollars to politicians to gain 
control of Enimom. a chemical joint 
venture c*T Ferruzzi’s Montedison 
SpA subsidiary and the state-owned 
energy concern Erne Nazionale 
Idrocarburi. known as ENI. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 


2 YSL Executives 
AreAccusedof 
Insider Trading 

The Assadatal Press 

PARIS — Two senior executives 
of the French fashion house Yves 
Saint Laurent were charged Mon- 
day with insider trading and violat- 
ing brokerage laws. 

The charges against Pierre Berge, 
the company's chairman, and Jean- 
Francis BreteUe, its general manag- 
er. were filed after a six-month in- 
vestigation into the takeover of 
Yves Saint Laurent SCA by Elf 
SanofiSA. 

They are alleged to have violated 

insider-trading rules and laws re- 

nllirinn ika ■ ■ m .( I* 1 i . 


quiiing the use of licensed brokers 
for share transactions. 

French stock market authorities 
cited irregularities in transactions 
preceding the sale of a controlling 
stake of the fashion house to Sanofi 
in January 1993. 

•According to the investigators, 
100 minion francs ($17.5 million) in 

shares were traded off market and in 

Switzerland in violation of French 
law. Yves Saint Laurent SA was 
subsequently merged into Sanofi, a 
umt of the French ral giant Elf Aqui- 
taine. through a share swap. 


Brought into a hemispbercwide fine-trade area, 
how can Japan be hdped to reduce Us trade 
surplus — and bow can China best be deanly 
integrated into the wurid economic system? 

It is ludicrous to daim. as some of Mr. 
Gmlon’s critics did last wedk, that this means 
putting profits over principles. It is a perfect- 
ly Jegmmaieprinriple to advance world pros- 
perity by promoting trade: Over the medium 
term, that is also the best way of p r omoting 

human rights. 

But giving economics its due does not sun- 
ply mean going to Tokyo to demand “jobs, 
jobs, jobs” for American workers, like Presi- 
dent George Bush, or trying to bully Japan 
into buying more American goods, like Mr. 
Gin ton. 


■w» u. 

It so happens that an those lessons apply to 
Japan. Mr. Clinton has been trying to force 
Tokyo to change sraglo-bandedlyThe has al- 
lowed the frustrations of American business- 
men and their allies in government to dictate 
strategic policy priorities, and he has focused 
the entire relationship with Tokyo on the 
most contentious part of it, the bilateral trade 
balance. 

There is a trace of hope that Mr. Clinton is 
learning. In agreeing to restart more formal 
negotiations with Japan last week, Washing- 
ttm has sig nific antly softened its position. 

Better still, Mr. Gin Ion should follow the 
Quna precedent, admit he was wrong all 
akmg and come up with a better policy. He 
should scrap all his demands for managi-H 
trade, not just the most extreme ones. 

While he seems to have everyone agreeing 
on the importance of trade for America, he 
mould hurry up and gel Congress to ratify 

the outcome of the Uruguay Round before he 

has yet another crisis on his hands. 

PeAms be could infect Capitol Hill with 
some of that new sense of realism. 


Quite simply the Royal Oak. 


M 

JUDEMARS PlGUBT 

The master watchmaker. 


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Investor’s Europe 



Deutsche Aerospace Looks Abroad ftg Airline 


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p;H 




Bloomberg Business Sms 

DUSSELDORF — Manmrv 
mann AG, the German metalwork- 
ing and telecommunications compa- 
ny, said fast-rising sales would help 
ii" return to profit this year after a 
1993 net loss of 513 million Deut- 
sche marks (5312 million ). 

“We expect the group to be in the 
black this year.** said Werner Dieter, 
the chief executive of the company. 

He said the company's 1993 ac- 
counts were bit by almost I billion 
DM of extraordinary costs, startup 
costs of a mobile-phone subsidiary 
and goodwill write-offs. 


Is Detained in 
Schneider Case 


.tgercc France -Press? 

BRUSSELS — Didier Pineau- 
Valencienne, a French executive, 
has been joined in his Brussels jail 
by an Italian banker, prison offi- 
cials said Monday. 

Both Mr. Pineau-Vaiencienne 
and the banker. Valentino Foti. 
face charges of forgery, using false 
documents, fraud, and breach of 
confidence, investigators said. 

Mr. Foil is the main stockholder 
of the Belgian real estate and finan- 
cial company Patience & Beaujonc. 
a subsidiary or the French electri- 
cal and engineering giant. 
Schneider SA. 

Both men were held after turning 
up voluntarily to answer questions 
from Belgian police in connection 
with the the sale of two Schneider 
subsidiaries. Cofibel and CofimiMs. 
Minority shareholders in (he com- 
panies said Schneider purposely un- 
derestimated the companies' value. 
Under Belgian law the two can be 
held until Wednesday. 

Thirty-six leading French busi- 
ness figures, including former Prime 
Minister Edith Cresson. have signed 
a statement in defense of Mr. Pin- 
rau-Valencicnne. The statement 
said the 36 wanted to “express the 
emotion which they feel about the 
action taken against Pmeau-Valen- 
cienne. 


Goodwill is an accounting term 
that refers to intangible assets com- 
prising the difference between the 
book value of a company and the 
price at which it is purchased. 

■‘These large burdens that we 
had are already gone." Mr. Dieter 
said. Last year the number of 
Maiuiesmami employees fell by 4 
percent, to 9,568. and would have 
fallen further without starting Mo- 
bilfunk GmbH, the mobile-phone 
subsidiary. 

He said profit in the first four 
months of 1994 was already “clear- 
ly better than in the very weak 
comparative period" of 1993. al- 
though the company still had a loss 
for the period. 

Sales rose 9 percent in the firsL 
four months this year, to 8.7 billion 
DM. while new- orders rose 14 per- 
cent. to 10.8 billion DM. 

“Above all. the revival in foreign 
markets contributed to this." Mr. 
Dieter said, adding that domestic 
demand also rose. Demand from 
North American and .Asian custom- 
ers was especially strong, he said. 

Mobiifunk started the year on a 
particularly strong note, with sales 
more than doubling in tbe first 
quarter, to 344 million DM. 

Mr. Dieter said eight out of the 
company's i I divisions saw an im- 
provement in business in the four 
months through April. In particu- 
lar. sales in machinery and plant 
construction rose 22 percent to 5 
billion DM. 

The automobile technology op- 
erations. meantime, returned io the 
black in the first four months, 
thanks to a stabilizing in German 
business and rising foreign de- 
mand as weU as the impact of last 
year's cost-reduction measures. 

In the company's steel pipe man- 
ufacturing business, new orders 
rose 9 percent, to 1.4 billion DM. 
But the operations were still un- 
profitable in the first four months. 

Mr. Dieter, however, predicted a 
“dramatic" increase in sales of 
pipes this year, of between 10 per- 
cent and 20 percent over last vear's 
3.79 billion DM. 

Mr. Dieter confirmed that the 
company would ask shareholders 
to authorize 500 million DM in 
fresh capital. 


Reuters 

ABU DHABI — The troubled Deutsche Aero- 
space AG has started staking out claims around 
the world to make up for shrinking European 
markets. 

In a new strategy to shore up business, the 
aerospace and defense subsidiary or Daimler-Benz 
AG also is looking into a possible domestic alli- 
ance in defense technology with Siemens AG and 
is invesling in environmental technologies. 

To increase its presence in the Middle East. 
Deutsche Aerospace on Sunday opened a sales 
office for the Gulf region in Abu Dhabi. This year, 
the company also has or is planning to set up 

representation in Austria. China. Singapore and 

Turkey. 

“We are systematically building up a network 
around the world," said Michael Ganal. senior vice 
president and marketing director. 

Deutsche Aerospace became the flagship of the 
Ger man aerospace and defense industry shortly 
after it was Founded in 1489. ft is a partner in the 
.Airbus Industrie and Arianespace consortia, and is 
working on the Eurocopter and Eurofighter pro- 
jects. 

But the end of the Cold War and the subsequent 
recession cut both defense business and aircraft 
sales. 

In 1993. Deutsche Aerospace posted a group net 
loss of 694 million Deutsche marks ($422 million), 
more than double the year before, but it said it 
expected to be back in' the black next year after 
restructuring that included slashing its workforce. 

“The European market is shrinking, but it is 
growing in .Asia and the Middle Easu" Mr. Ganal 
said. He said Deutsche Aerospace intended to 
upgrade its representations in many Middle East 
countries. 

Domier GmbH, a Deutsche Aerospace subsid- 
iary that builds regional turboprop aircraft, has 
had a bureau in Abu Dhabi for several years, it 
now forms the basis for the parent company's 


Middle East Branch, as the new sales office is 
called. 

The company said it hoped to increase its mar- 
ket volume in die Middle East, mainly in Lhe Gulf, 
to 500 million DM in the next few years after 1 992 
sales of 120 million DM. 

Keen to expand 'as aviation sector, the company 
will concentrate on marketing regional aircraft and 
airport equipment ranging from control-tower 
simulators for trainees to runway lights. 

It also sees a Middle East market for airborne 
oil-pollution monitoring systems, sea-traffic sur- 
veillance systems and ground-water monitoring 


Ike Associated Press 

WARSAW — Poland plans to 
sell a 49 percent share of its nation- 
al airline LOT, the transport minis- 
ter said Monday. 

“It is time to privatize our flag 
carrier." Boguslaw Libcradzki told 
the PAP news agency. “We have 49 
percent of its stock for sale." 

Mr. Libcradzki said the govern- 
ment was noL looking speoficalfy 
for another airline to take over a 
pan of the national carrier. 

“It does not have to be a angle 


1933 49M V - - JBS3 - .W. 

Exchange • tods * • ... fe?* 


J ; 1833V. 4394 


Affisterdsn AEX 
Brussels . * StockJfflJex. 


Frankfurt' 


Frankfurt 


iyg>ndav ' . "fcw; 3 l. 
Qose ; < • ' Close - ^ 

v4p$83; r ' 

Eifcts 


‘We are systematically 
building up a network around 
tbe world.’ 

Dlichael Ganal, vice president of 
Deutsche Aerospace. 


strategic investor and it does not 
have to be another airline,” he said. 


London 


London 


computer? in a region where fresh-water supplies 
are scarce and oil production is damaging the 
environment. 

“1 think environmental products are now a top 
priority for this region." said Ahmad Al-Man- 
sourv. deputy director general of the Abu Dhabi 
Chamber of 'CommerceT 

He said the United Arab Emirates, the second- 
largest oil producer in the region, did not have the 
technology to improve the environment. 

Defense will remain a core business for Deut- 
sche Aerospace, although its share of the compa- 
ny’s sales has shrunk to 27 percent from more than 
50 percent four years ago. 

Meanwhile. Deutsche Aerospace and Siemens, 
the electrical equipment maker, recently said they 
were discussing cooperation in defense technology' 
because of cuis in Bonn's defense procurement 
budsei. 


On May 10. LOT entered into an 
agr eement with American Airlines 
on traffic exchange, code sharing 
and flight schedules. 

However. Mr. Libcradzki indi- 
cated that the agreement in place 
was “ sufficient" for the time being 
and that American was not seen as 
a potential buyer. 

He said LOT’S book value was 
22 trillion zlotys (S98 million), bnt 
that the government needed to as- 
sess its real value. 

In 1988. LOT was the first East- 
ern European airline to purchase 
Western commercial aircraft after 
four decades of operating Soviet- 
built planes. 

It annuall y flies 12 million pas- 
sengers to 53 destinations. 


Stockholm 


53 




FT5E1B& 'Closed 


Genefl&indat; 


2.05231 ^^H **-*® 


Affawsvaeridotf 


Sources: Reuters, AFP 


Iniematxxral Herald Tritans 


Very briefly: 


• r«n p«pm» de Suez said it would sell as much as 4 billion French francs 
(S7M mmon) of real estate assets owned by its subsidiary Conqtagme 
Fonctere Internationale to the investment company umoaiL 


• ArnoWo Moodadori EtStore SpA, the poblishii^ company controUed »>_ 
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi ofltaly, will sefla stake of more than 25 
percent to foreign investors, a board member said. 


LOT oprra,* to* B*fag 767 • Eto SCA expem .0 have ate *to aumonto a>togn| 


aiirafr nn ovSsSTromKlo the September, its rhmm^n Philippe Boufguignon, said, but its recent 
uSted States and Canada and on financial restructuring “will provide the company with sufficient funds to 


United Slates and Canada and on 
longer international flights. Eleven 
Boeing 737 planes fly cm European 
routes. 


Iteps Up Campaign Against Lopez 


continue operations. 

• Presssag AG said net profit rose 5 percent, to 121 million Deutsche 
marts ($73 million), in die six months ended March 3 1 on rising earnings 
in is energy, trading and machinery sectors; sales edged up to 1 1.1 billion 
DM from 10.9 MBon DM. 


C-mpdctl t>y t.'/ur Staff Famt Pu? Jtcr.cs 

RUSSELSHEIM. Germany — 
General Motors Corp.’s German 
unit intensified its campaign againsi 
Jose Ignacio Lopez de Arnoruu on 
Monday, releasing a detailed ac- 
count of the Volkswagen AG man- 
ager's alleged transgressions against 
GM. his former employer. 

But the document appeared to 
fall short or the comprehensive evi- 
dence of industrial espionage 
promised by Adam Opel AG. be- 
cause the Darmstadt public prose- 
cutor’s office said it had no fresh 
developments to report in the case. 


“There's nothing new." said confidential documents when 
Volk mar Kallcnbjcner. a >poke>- left the DeLroii-based car giant, 
man for the prosecutors. “The chronologies publisluaJ 

Volkswagen dismissed the docu- to now haven t been very CO 
ment as a “film >cripL“ and point- plet e - sa id Bruno Seifert, a spokes- 
ed out that all court rulings in the roan for OpeL 
case so for had been in favor of Among apparently few new de- 
VW. On Sunday. Volkswagen dis- tails revealed Monday. Mr. Seil 
missed weekend reports that Opel claimed the company had a lei 
had urged prosecutors to arrest Mr. from Jorge Akirez- Aguirre, a f 
Lopez, saying the GM unit was mer GM executive who defected 
trying to influence public opinion Volkswagen with Mr. Lopez, wh 
through the media. indicated Mr. Lopez lad sup 

The document released by Opel vised an operation to obtain ind 
recounts Mr. Lopez's switch from trial secrets from Opel. 

GM to Vtt and the alleged theft of “Alvarez wrote to Louez sav 


confidential documents w-hen he compact modeL the Golf. Opel al- 
left the DeLroil-basrd car giant. leges Mr. Lopez purloined ccmad- 


• Agtp Fetrofi SpA, lhe oil r efinin g and distribution subsidiary of the 
Italian state energy company Rntp Nazhxnle ldrocartxxri, said net profit 
rose 1 1 percent in 1993. to 155.3 billion lire ($98 million), as gross sales 
climbed 10 percent, to 33.787 trillion lire. 

Bloomberg, AFP. Kmght-Ridder 


“The chronologies published up erable material on the project be- 
to now haven't been verv com- fore he switched to GMl 


Mr. Seifert said the alleged letter 
from Mr. Alvarez-Aguirre to Mr. 
Lopez was not mentioned in the 


tails revealed Monday. Mr. Seifert aocument because it **s an 
claimed the companv had a letter object of the investigation and there- 
from Jorae AJvirez-Aeuirre. a for- fore 001 10 ** published. 


AGF Says Sales Rose 6% 


mer GM executive who defected to Tbe lengthy document includes a 


Volkswagen with Mr. Lopez, which two-year chronology of the dispute 
indicated Mr. Lopez had super- between GM and VW, Germany’s 


vised an operation to obtain Indus- largest auto producer, beginning in 

• i * /■ r 1 1 ww) i 


trial secrets from Opel. 


May 1992 with Lopez’s promotion 


“Alvarez wrote to Lopez saving 10 gl°bal purchasing chief at GM. 


Bloomberg Business Sews 

PARIS — Tbe French insurer 
Assurances Generates de France 
SA said its sales rose 6 percent, to 
20.8 Union francs ($3.6 billion), in 
the first four months, compared 
with the same period of 1993. 


AGF, which is two-thirds state- 
owned, is to be sold to the private 
sector later this year. 

Mr. Jeancoun-GalignanL asked 
whether be was worried by the fall 
in the price of AGF shares since the 
b eginning of this year, said “All the 
insurers have seen their share price 



he'd searched unsuccessfully for The Opel statement said Mr. L6- 


SWITZERLAND 


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VICTOR -HUGO. B mtM 2 ,yyn. «tf. 
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Japanese Data 
Suggest Revival 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 


Wrestling With Mieno 9 s Legacy 

Bank Chief s Tenure Sees Japan’s Role Transformed 


53} j* 

-•■a: ^ 
: > 



SWISS* 


■ '-IS** 0 ~~ Ja P an leased bel- 
- ttMhan-^pected industrial output 
. figures on Monday, a sign its econ- 

^Wfaetunnigtheconicrar. 

ter three years w the doldrums, 
; private economists said. 

; ‘ Tro ® now on the feeling the 
.eoonomy has bottomed out will 
! Strengthen," said Nobnyuki Sail e- 
■conmmstatNikko Research Suer, 
i hfimstry of loiernationai 
7 , c Industry said Japanese 

‘industrial output fell a p reliminar y- 

. I- 4 percent in April from March 
■and a preliminary li percent from 
; April 1993. The figures were ad- 
justed for seasonal factors. 

I Economists said the decline was 
.less steep than the 2 percem-io-3 
perctnt drop many had expected 
after a 4.6 percent rise in Mart*, 
when corporations cranked up pro- 

NEC to Shift 
Output to U.S. 

The Associated Press 
TOKYO — Hoping to cut costs, 
NECCorp. sad Monday it planned 
to start mass production of ad- 
vanced camptuer-memoty drips in 
the United States within a year. 

Hie computer mater plans to 
increase hs production of 16- mega- 
bit D-RAMs, or dynamic random- 
access memory chips, to 1.5 miHion 
a month at its plant in Roseville. 
California, its senior vice president, 
Hajime Sasaki, said. The plant cur- 
rently prodaces about 45.000 of the 
advanced chips a month. 

The move will place half of 
NECs 16-mcgabil D-RAM pro- 
duction in tne United Stales, a 
company spokesman, Marie Pearce, 
said. NEC and other Japanese 
manufacturers have been hit hard 
by rising personnel costs and the 
high yen, which make manufactur- 
ing expensive in Japan. NEC ac- 
counts to more than half of Ja- 
pan's personal-computer market 


auction ahead of the end of the 
fisca l ye ar. 

MJtI also said output by manu- 
■acturers alone, a key component of 
the overall production figure; was 
hfcdy to fan again in May by 1A 
percent but rise 1.3 percent in June; 

It's the beginning of the end of 
the recession," Jespcr Roll, chief 
economist at S.G. Warburg Securi- 
ties (Japan), said. “This year the 
Jan uaiy-to- March quarter is un- 
likely to be a one-quarter wonder 
the way it was last year." 

Hopes that recovery was at hand 
also emerged last spring, only to be 
dashed by the yen’s surge against 
the dollar and an unseasonably 
cold summer. Many hope this year 
will be different. 

Some analysts said the recovery 
was unlikely to be robust to its 
early stages but could still be un- 
done should the yen strengthen fur- 
ther against the dollar. 

"The strength of recovery wifi be 
weak," said an analyst at Sokura 
Bank Ltd. 

■ Japan Rank Loans Down 

Japan's bank loans feD slightly in 
the first quarter from a year ago, 
reflecting weak demand from com- 
panies, Bloomberg Business News 
reported from Tokyo. 

Outstanding loans by 150 Japa- 
nese banks amounted to 507.93 tril- 
lion yen ($4.86 trillion) in the quar- 
ter, according to the Bank of 
Japan’s statistics. That was down 
very slightly from 508.16 triffioo 
yea a year before, when loans grew 
I J percent. 

landing to corporations grew 1.5 
percent in the quarto-, down from a 
rise of 55 percent a year ago. But 
loans to manufacturing concerns 
decreased 1. 1 percent, down from a 
0.1 percent rise a year ago. 

In contrast to sluggish corporate 
loans, demand to Housing loans 
was firm because mortgage rates 
are at historic low levels, the central 
bank said Housing loans increased 
1.4 percent in the first quarter, 
compared with a 03 percent rise 
the year before. 


By James StemgoJd 

New York Times Sernrr 

TOKYO — Only a few years 
ago. an awesomely affluent Japan 
was in the vanguard of countries 
that jointly used control of cur- 
rency and interest rates to solve 
economic crises. There was great 
optimism over the benefits of ac- 
tive policy coordination. 

it takes only a few minutes 
with Yasusbi Mieno, the plain- 
spoken governor of the Bank of 
Japan, to get a sense of bow much 
dungs have changed. Mr. Mieno, 
a gregarious 70-year-old whose 
passion outside of monetary sta- 
tistics is sumo wrestling, may well 
become known as the governor of 
diminkfr ^ d expectatio ns. 

With Japan getting little help 
in halting the punishing rise of 
the yen these days, the govern- 
ment being criticized for not do- 
ing enough to end the recession 
and the flood of Japanese capital 
abroad having become a trickle, 
coordinated action by the indus- 
trialized nations been largely 
transformed, in Mr. Mieno’s 
words, into a passive exchange 
about basic policy goals. 

“That is the notion of policy 
coordination that 1 have." Mr. 
Mieno said in an interview. 

His admission reflects the sober 
mood at the top of Japan’s finan- 
cial system as Mr. Mieno ap- 
proaches the end of Ins five-year 
term. His tenure, which ends in 
December, covered one of the 
most tumultuous and humbling 
eras in Japan's finandnl history. 

Under bis stewardship, the 
Bank of Japan for the first time 
raised interest rates, not as a rem- 
edy for a burst of consume- price 
inflation — which was almost 
nonexistent when he took office 
in 1989 — but to check soaring 
stock and land prices. 

The policy punctured what is 
now called die “bubble econo- 
my" of the 1980s, a speculative 
period that sent asset prices to 
astronomical levels. At the peak, 
the land beneath the Imperial 
Palace in central Tokyo was said 
to be worth more than all the real 
estate in California. 


The central bank's action trig- 
gered the longest recession in the 
postwar period. Mr. Mieno then 
reversed course and engineered 
(he lowest official interest rates 
ever, cutting the discount rate — 
the rate the central bank charges 
on loans to commercial banks — 
from o peak of 6 percent to its 
current 1.75 percent. 

But the cheap credit has failed 
to ignite an economic recovery 
because, some contend, Mr. 
Mieno’s experiment in control- 
ling asset prices went on too long. 

More than 56 trillion in asset 
values have been wiped out, the 
real estate market is practically 
dead and commercial banks are 
saddled with massive bad debts. 
It is no wonder that Mr. Mieno is 
regarded with a combination of 
fear, respect and anger — but 
never indifference. 


Some Japanese consider him a 
hero for having slopped the orgy 
or speculation during the 1980s 
and putting the economy on a 
more solid footing, even if the 
medicine has been painful. 

“My view is ihat nobody could 
have behaved better during such 
an unlucky period." said Yashio 
S uz u ki , chairman of (ite advisory 
board at the Nomura Research 
Institute and a former top execu- 
tive at the Bank of Japan. 

There was virtually no price or 
wage inflation, but* Mr. Mieno 
acted because of a belief that 
soaring asset prices would even- 
tually provoke inflation. 

Some still question that view. 
Shin Kaoemaru, formerly the 
country's most powerful politi- 
cian, suggested several years ago 
that someone ought to behead the 
central bank governor. 


Economic Shifts in Japan 

THE DISCOUNT RATE Month* figures. 




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The Non Toil Times 


"It was a question of degree," 
said Makoto Utsuzm, the vice 
minister of finance at that time 
and now a professor at Kdo Uni- 
versity. “The point all along was 
to avoid a hard landing. 1 think if 
we had tightened more slowly we 
could have had a soft landing." 

The years under Mr. Mieno 
have left the Bank of Japan with 
several perplexing problems that 
could influence pobey well into 
the future. For one, the bank has 
to deride whether his campaign 
against soaring stock and land 
prices was a one-time foray or 
will be a long-tom policy. 

If it is a long-term policy, it 
raises the question of when a'bull 
market crosses the line into the 
dangerous “asset inflation" that 
Mr. Mieno attacked. 

“We still don'i know the con- 
nection between monetary policy 
and asset prices," said MQoo Wa- 
katsulti, a former deputy governor 
at the Bank of Japan, now chair- 
man of the board of councilors at 
the Japan Research Institute. 

The central bank must also de- 
ride where to draw the line be- 
tween ridding Japan’s markets of 
their burden of regulation — Mr. 
Mieno’s long-stated policy — and 
using regulation to maimain the 
kind of order with which the bank 
is obsessed. 

“It is uncertain to what extent 
financial liberalization affected 
behavior during the period of the 
financial bubble," Mr. Mieno said. 
What is certain, be said, is that 
“under the process of deregulation 
there was some excessive aggres- 
siveness on the part of the banks." 

He said deregulation had to 
continue, since competition was 
the only way to teach banks to 
manage their risks better. 

But he also insisted the govern- 
ment’s heavy-handed ways in 
handling the debt crisis at the 
commercial banks would contin- 
ue because of the central bank's 
need to protect the system against 
panic. The commercial banks 
have been pressured by the gov- 
ernment to keep many ailing bra- 
rowers afloat with new loans be- 
low market rates. 


SCHOOL Ot : 
STOCKHOL'r 


Wheelock Acquires Site 
Of San Miguel Brewery. 


Jakarta Trial Airs State Bank Scandals 


Ccaqriled by Ow Staff From Ditpaidia 

MANILA — San Miguel 
Carp;, the Philippines’ largest 
food and beverage conglomer- 
ate, said Monday that its Hong 
Kong subsidiary would sell its 
current plant ate in Hang Kong 
to Whedocfc Properties Ltd- fra 
33 bUfion Haag Kong dollars 
($453 miDion). 

The sale will generate cash 
to Hang Kang’s biggest beer 
brewer to set up a new tawey 
and to expand jomt-ventnre 


projects m 
San Mit 


Miguel said Wheelock, 


the parent of Wharf (Holdings) 
Ltd., topped five other bids. 

San Miguel will ton the pre- 
sent brewery in the Sham Tseng 
district during the next 24 
months while it builds a new 
plant. The new facility, on a 4- 
hectare (10-acre) lot in the 
Yuen Long industrial park, wfl] 
cost 840 mffioD dollars includ- 
ing the price of the land. 

The Philippine parent will get 
64 percent of the sale price, re- 
flecting its equity stake in the 
Hang Kong unit 

(Raders, Bloomberg) 


By Philip Shenon 

New York Tima Service 

BANGKOK — The Indonesian 
banking scandal, involving at least 
$436 million in bed loans to a well- 
connected executive, is threatening 
to expose the crarapt ties among 

K nnent government officials, 
ers and bu s ine s s leaders in 
Southeast Asia’s most populous 
nation. 

Eddy TansQ, a 40-year-old busi- 
ness executive, is on trial in Jakarta 
on charges of forgery and fraud 
involving J 6 loans from the govern- 
ment-run develop mem bank Ba- 
pindo. The loans woe supposed to 
be used for building petrochemical 

plants. 

While the charges against Mr. 
Tansfi are so technical that it look 


prosecutors two-and-a-half hours 
just to read the indictment in court 
last week, the Indonesian public 
appears riveted by the case, both 
because it involves hundreds of 
millions of dollars of public money 
and because it threatens to soil rep- 
utations of Indonesians far more 
prominent than Mr. TansiL 

Among them are officials with 
dose ties to President Suharto, the 
nation’s leader since the 1960s. 

When the trial opened May 10, 
hundreds of spectators turned out. 
As Mr. Tansil walked out of the 
courtroom, several of the specta- 
tors reportedly tried to punch him. 
and he had to be protected by po- 
lice carrying rauas canes. 

According u> news reports in In- 
donesia, prosecutors may be able to 


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prove that, although he was little- 
known in financial circles in Jakar- 
ta. Mr. Tansil was given hundreds 
of millions of dollars in loans as a 
result of pressure on Bapindo from 
high-ranking government officials. 

The reports have said that Admi- 
ral Sudomo, the former chief secu- 
rity minister and a longtime aide to 
President Suharto, wrote to the 
bank lo vouch for Mr. Tansil. and 
that the former finance minister, 
J. B. Sumarlin. was sitting on the 
bank's board when it issued the 
credits. Neither man has been 
charged in the case, although both 
may be called to testify. 

President Suharto’s youngest 
son, Hutomo Mandala Pulra, has 
also been linked to the case. Mr. 
Hutomo. a businessman with hun- 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 

Financial 

Mo* Low Close Chouse 

, 3-MONTH PIBOR (MATIF) 

I PFSmUMM- pfstrf IMacf 
Jon 94-44 9A41 *442 Unch. 

Seo 94*0 9451 9454 +007 

Dec 94J0 94X1 9CM + 007 

Mor 9454 9424 *HJ7 +003 

Jtm 94 M 9401 9401 + (LC2 

s ttv 9146 7350 91S1 +003 

Dee 9358 9360 9142 +002 

, Mor 9155 91X7 91*9 +003 

EH. volume: SUOO Open kit.: 214, M?. 
19-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONOS (MATIF) 
FF38UM • Ms #f N9 *cf 
Jen 11954 11L66 11858 — tt74 

Sep 71854 117.92 117.72 — 074 | 

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EsI. volume: 23SM2. Open Ini- 1S4 545. 

Stock Indexes 

HMB LM close Cbone* 

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Dec M.T. N.T. 207650 - 4000 

Mar H.T. N.T. 71050 —4050 

Est volume: 57596. Open Ini.: 82.7*7. 

Source: Motif. London mothers were closed 
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dredsof millions of dollars in hold- 
ings in I ndo n esia, was a partner in 
Mr. TansiTs Golden Key Group 
but sold his stake back to the com- 
pany last year. 

Prosecutors have said that some 
of the money loaned to Mr. Tansil 
was used by his family to buy land, 
houses and personal cars. The chief 
prosecutor, Luckman Bachmid, 
said in court last week that these 
were “losses to (be state to self- 
aggrandizement-" Mr. Tansil, who 
faces life imprisonment if convict- 
ed, has denied any wrongdoing. 

While the case against Mr. Tansi 
threatens to embarrass current and 
former government officials, diplo- 
mats say the trial may be a hopeful 
signal that the Suharto government 
is finally beginning to crack down 
on the notoriously corrupt state 
banking system, which is plagued 
by patronage ami kickbacks. 

“1 would really doubt (hat all of 
the dirty laundry in this case is 
going to crane out — the govern- 
ment couldn't afford that — but 
some well-known people could find 
themselves humiliated in the pro- 
cess," a Western diplomat in Jakar- 
ta said. 


liNTrEI) States 
aerospace 

V False Claims 
PAGE and ROSE 

ATTORNEYS AND COUNKl/WS 
WASHfNCrTON D C 

•xca> -yrs-ieos 

PARIS 

■W23H4I 

U>S ANGCUES 
laic mxaao 


Page )3 * m 


ASIA/PACIFIC “ 



Sources: Reuters, AFP tmananonal HertkJ Tribune 


Very briefly 


• Vietnam will allow Army Tdeooannnmcatioa Co, operating under the 
Ministry of Defense, to compete with its state-owned telecommunica- 
tions monopoly, the Dfeectonte General of Post & Tefecrammsticathm. 

• Vietnam mil spend $600 million in loans from Japan to build two 
hydroelectric plants with a combined capacity of 472 megawatts. 

• Australia’s current account deficit in April widened by 18 percent, to 
1.63 billion Australian dollars (SI trillion), as expons declined more than 
imports. 

• China Pharmaceutical Enterprise and Investment Crap- a state-run 
company that makes Vitamin C pills, plans to raise 200 million Hong 
Kong dollars (526 million) this week through an initial public offering in 
Hong Kong. 

• Playmates Toys Holdings Ltd- predicted that profit lor the first half of 
its financial year to June 30 would be lower than in the comparable year- 
ago period because of the declining popularity of its Teenage Mutant 
Ninja Turtle line. 

• MHsririsfci Motors Corpus U.S. subsidiary, Diamond Star Motors Cortk, 
will buy more than SI billion worth of U.S. onto parts this year, the 
company said. 

• South Korea’s accumulated current account deficit widened to $18 
billion in the first four months of the year from $822 million in the like 
period in 1993. 

• Mrtsubfefcd Kasei Csqt, the Japanese chemical maker, revised its 

forecast for consolidated current profit this year to 2.6 billion yen ($25 
million) from a previously forecast loss of 2.0 billion yen as cost-cutting 
efforts begin to pay off. A?, Bloomberg, AFX AFP 


REPUBLIC OF GUINEA 

ENELGUI 

Invitation for Prequalification 
Garafiri hydro-electric Project 

Lot No. 3 -Civil Works 

t. The Government of the Republic of Guinea has applied for a 
credit from the International Development Association (IDA), the 
African Development Bank (ADB), the Islamic Development 
Bank (IsDB), the Arab Bank lor Economic Development in 
Africa (ABEDA), the Kuwait Fund, the Saudi Fund, etc., in 
various currencies to cover the cost of the Garafiri Hydro- 
electric Project and in lends to apply a portion of the proceeds of 
this credit to eligible payments under the contract for which this 
invitation for Prequalification is issued. 

2. ENELGUI intends to prequalify contractors for the execution of 

the following works, namely; 

- general Installations, 

-dam (75 m high, 570,000 m* of excavation, 4,900,000 m* of ffl), 

- 2 tunnels (5. 8 m in dfeuneter, 610 m long, and 8.6 m h (fianieter, 680 m 
long), 

- ungated spiJhray (250.000 m* erf excavation. 40,000 m* d concrete), 
-water intake works, 

- headrace to the powerhouse and surge tank (180,000 m* of excavation, 

1 9,000 m* of concrete), 

- chrit works far the powerhouse (300,000 m* of excavation, 1 1 200 m* of 
concrete). 

3. It is expected that invitations to Bid will be made in September 
1994. 

4. The prequalification documents are available for a non 
refundable fee of 200 French Francs or its equivalent in any 
other freely convertible currency and may be obtained from the 
Consultant by calling, writing, faxing, or telexing: 

Coyne et BeWer/EtectridtB do France 
9, slide das Barbanniers 
92632 - GennevBUets Codex - France 

Tel.: (33.1) 41 .85.03.69 
Fax: (33.1) 41.85.03.74 
Telex: COYBE 616 61 5F 

5. Submissions of Applications for Prequafification must be received 
not later than July 18, 1994, at 5 p.m. 


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Page 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 



i 





The Associated Press 

Milwaukee capped a three-day 
celebration of Robin Yount's ca- 
reer with the kind of effort that 
epitomized No. 19’s 20 seasons 
with the Brewers. 

Trailing by 7-0 in the second 
inning, the Brewers rallied for a 9-6 
victory over the Seattle Mariners 
on Sunday in Milwaukee. 

"it would have been easy to 
fold," said Greg Vaughn, who hit a 


AL ROUNDUP 


two-run homer. “Something Robin 
ingrained on the Brewer bahclub is 
that you play one way: hard, every 
day." 

in pregame ceremonies. Yount, 
who announced his retirement last 
February after playing 2,836 games 
with the Brewers] had his jersey 
retired and was presented with a 
motorcycle. Yount rode once 
around the field, then left the stadi- 
um through the right-field bullpen 
to a standing ovation. 

The Brewers had lost a club-re- 
cord 14 straight games before the 
series, billed as “Robin Yount 
Weekend." before sweeping the 
Mariners. 

“Robin has been a tremendous 
person in my life," said Vaughn, 
who capped a four-run shah with a 
homer, his ninth. off 71m Da'id. “I 
try to model myself after such a 
great player. He gave us an emo- 
tional lift today." 

Seattle, wh/ch had gotten six 
runs with two outs off Teddy Hi- 
guera in the first and led. 7-0. in the 
second, lost for the 20Lh rime in 25 
road games. 

The Brewers scored four runs in 
the second on consecutive two-out 
RBI singles by Jose Valentin, Dar- 
ryl Hamilton". Turner W'ard and 
Vaughn off the Mariners’ rookie 
starter, Roger SaJketd. 

Milwaukee caught Seattle in the 
SLXth. 6. J. Surhoff tripled ano 



scored on Jody Reed's single. 
Ward's sacrifice fly scored Valentin 
to make it 7-6, and Vaughn fol- 
lowed with his homer. 

Royals 10, Yankees 6: Vince 
Coleman tripled twice, singled 
twice and drove in ihree runs as 
Kansas City Royals stopped the 
visiting Yankees' four- game win- 
ning streak. 

Coleman lied a team record for 
triples in a game. He has 10 hits in 
his last 23 at-bats after a J-for -25 
slump. 

Mark Gubieza ended his six- 
game losing streak against the Yan- 
kees. Terry Mulholfand allowed 
seven runs and 10 hits in seven 
innings. 

Orioles 8. White Sox 4: Sid Fer- 
nandez held Chicago to five hits, 
including Frank Thomas’s 20th 
homer, in seven-plus innings as vis- 
iting Baltimore stepped the White 
Sox winning streak at seven. 


Fernandez gave up three hits 
over seven innin gs before yielding a 
single and Tun Raines's iwo-nm 
homer in the eighth. 

Thomas, who has homered in 
five straight games, went deep with 
one out in the fourth to become the 
fastest White So.\ hiuer to reach 2b 
in a season. Dick Allen hit his 20ih 
homer in his 75th game in 1974. 
Thomas, batting .468 in May. hh 
No. 20 in his 46 ih game. 

Rangers 8, Red Sox 6: Dean 
Palmer hit a three-run homer, and 
Ivan Rodriguez homered :v*o 
pitches later To highlight a fi; e-run 
bottom of the fifth. 

Juan Gonzalez of Texas and 
Mike Greenwell of Boston were in- 
jured on the same play in the third 
inning. Gonzalez hurt his right 
knee fielding a double by Green- 
well. who injured his hip running to 
second. Both players soon left the 


game, although neiiher injury was 
expected to be serious. 

■iigers 5, Twins i: in Nhnneapc- 
Iis. Junior Felix drove in four runs 
and 3iU Guliicksor. allowed one 
ran over seven inrun as as Detroit 
held an opponent to i-iss than two 
runs for the first time this season. 

Gu Hickson. who had compiled a 
9.82 ERA in losing his previous 
three starts, gave up eight hits, 
struck out five ^nd walked one. 
Mike Gardiner pitched the final 
two innings. 

Travis Fryman drove in the 
same's first ran :r. :c.i top of the 
first v.i;h a sacrifice :~y. T«o bat- 
ters iairr. rdu hit a three-rur. 
hoir.tr. his third oi the season and 
third in four dav.t. Felix'? sacrifice 
fly made it 5-0 in the third. 

in :i i~:;er fames. reperuJ Mo:- 
dirt- ;r. some editions of the Hers'.J 
Tnrenc: 

Indians 7. Athler.cs 5: rack Mor- 


ris. backed by four home runs, 
struggled but won bis third straight 
decision, and the Indians won their 
ninth straight in Cleveland. Morris 
allowed four runs, one unearned, 
■md seven hits in five innings. 

t ne winning streak is the Indi- 
ans' besi at home since they won 13 
straight at Oeveland Stadium in 
1 965. Oakland, swept in a series for 
Ihe 10th lime this year, has lost four 
straight and 31 of its last 37. 

Blue Jays 5. .Angels 0: In Toron- 
to. Todd" StotUemvre pitched a 
iour-hitter and Roberto Alomar hit 
a two-run homer for the Blue Jays. 

5;otiIem;-fe. who had not 
pitched more than 6 L 5 innings in his 
six previous starts this season, 
struck out five and walked three in 
his first complete game this season. 
1: was Jus fourth career shutout. 

Chuck Finley gave up five hits 
and struck out seven in pitching his 
third complete game. 









TV Pmz! 

At a time ^hen the San Francisco Giant-, 
are struggling for runs, defense is making a 
difference. 

The Giants' 3-1 victory on Sunday o--er 
ihe Florida Marlins marked the 34th error- 
less game of the season for San Francisco, 
firs! in the majors in fielding and last in 
hitting. 

MjTi Williams not only drove in the g<*- 
ahead run in San Franrifco with a two-out 


NX KOINDIT 


double in the eighth inning off Richie Lewi'., 
but helped preserve San Frxnci>cc' e fourth 
victor; in five games by stopping Benito 
Santiago’; ninth-inning pinch-hit smash at 
third and throwing him out. 

“1 think defense is important." WjHiims 
said. ‘"We don’t have a" bunch Nolan 
R-yanj who are just going to blow the ball by 
-r*er.body. Our pitchers ere going to thrt-.v 
strikes, and they’re going to put ihe bail in 
play. We have to bc'readv to back them up 
and field our position. We take a lot of pride 
in our defense." 

Earry Bonds also contributed defensively 
when he threw out Bret Barberie at the plate 
from left field in the second inning. 


The Giants got a solid outing from Bryan 
Hickerf s.n. who kept the game close through 
a career-long 7 ! ? inning stint. He walked one 
and struck out four, and was touched for just 
one run despite giving up 10 hits. 

Dodgers 4. Pirates 3: Carlos Hernandez, 
again playing in place of the Dodgers' in- 
jured catcher. Mike Piazza, drove in his first 
two run* of the seat on x< Los Angeles won at 
home. 

Piazza did not play during the weekend. 
His ribs were injured during a home-plate 
collision with G lentil I en Hill of the Cubs on 
'Vodr.e-day. 

Hemzr.dez went J-for-13 during the se- 
rf Pittsburgh loss for the 12th time in 16 
games. 

Kevin Gross won for Lhe fourth lime in 
five starts. Todd Worrell gave up a single and 
a walk in the ninth before Darren Dreifort 
relieved for his sixth rave. Zone Smith fell 
benir.-J by 4-0 in the third inning. 

Padres 7, Cardinals 2: Joey Hamilton won 
for -Jv.' r-.v :ni ..iriught time since being pro- 
moted from the minors and San Diego beat 
visiting Sl Louis For a three-game sweep. 
Tne Cardinals have lost nine in a row at San 
Diego since July 1992. and were swept for 
lhe fii*i lime this season. 

Hamilton, called up from Gass .AAA Las 
Vegas last Tuesday, gave up one run and six 


hits in six innings, j'efi Tabaka got hit fir?: 
major league save. 

Derek Bell hit a two- run homer for ihe 
Padres, his first since April 22. Tom L'rrani 
was the loser. 

In earlier games, reported Monday in s<yne 
editions of the Herald Tribune: 

Cubs 4. Braves 2: Sammy Sosa hvnr:-.' 
on the first pitch of the game from ;orr 
Glavine. and visiting Chicago went on to 
stop Atlanta. 

The Deion Sanders-for-Roberto Kelly 
trade was announced in the second inning a* 
AUanta-Fullon County Studium. arse "the 
fans booed. 

Glavine gave up four runs and >l; hi:; or. a 
seven walks in 6* • innings. Jim Bullmger 
pitched six strong innings as a late replace- 
ment for Jose Guzman, who had a stiff right 
shoulder. 

Randy Myers struck out Bill Pecota with 
the bases loaded to end Lhe game. gi *ir.g the 
Cubs their 10th victory in 12 games. 

Expos 4, Rockies 3: Lrury Walker h:- 
mered on the first pitch in the' bottom of the 
10th inning, lifting Montreal over visiting 
Colorado. Walker’s sixth home run of the 
season came against Bruce Ruffin, who re- 
lieved to start the inning, t un Scott pitched 
one inning for the wit. 

Walker struck out with the bases loaded 


again." Mike Munoz to end the sev enth in- 
ning with ihe score tied at 3. 

Phiiii« 4. Astros 2: Tne bid by David 
West and Hezihcliff Slocumb to ’pitch a 
combined no-hitter in Philadelphia was bro- 
ken up in the top of :he ninth on a leadoff 
single by Houston's Steve Finley. 

’ v e?t. making cnJy his second" start of the 
season, pitched" sir. innings and was pulled 
after 102 pitches. Slocumb took over to start 
the seven Lh. Finley's clean single started a 
two-run rally, and" Doug Jones' finished for 
hi? !0lh save. 

There nav* been just sir combined n-> 
hi.rer* ir -he majors, most recently by Atlan- 
ta. -”er : 1 le-cker. Mark Wohlers and .Ale- 
jandro Pern: on Sept, i I. 199i. against San 
"Diego. 

Mess 8. Reds 5: In New York. Bobby 
Bonilla sei a team record with an RBI in bis 
math straight game, and New York complet- 
ed z ihrre-game sweep of Cincinnati. 

S;-nills brrke :he 'Ails' mark of eight 
ciraiih: ga.-r.es with an RBI set by Keith 
Hemandcz in 1986 and tied by Jeff Kent 
earlier this year. Bonilia and Kent each drove 
in two runs. The Mels scored two runs in 
each of the first four innings. 

Bobby Jones gave up eight hits in eight 
Innings. John Franco got his 1 2th save, his 
iOOih with the Mets. 



By Jay Privman 

.Yen York Times Senice 
SALT LAKE CITY —The Utah 
Jazz were trying to get the game 
into overtime, mid although they 
got about II extra seconds, the 
clock still ran out in regulation, 
foiling a gallant rally as the Hous- 
ton Rockets held on for an 80-78 
victory on Sunday at the Delta 
Center in Game 4 of the Western 
Conference FmaL 
The victory gave Houston a 3- 
games-to-1 edge in this four-of-sev- 
en playoff series. The Rockets can 
dose the series and move to the 
National Basketball Association 


NBA PLAYOFFS 

finals with a victory at home on 
Tuesday. 

The Jazz, down by as many as 10 
points early in the fourth quarter, 
closed to within two points with 
135 seconds remaining on the 
dock, and then got the ball back 
because of an offensive foul on 
Houston’s Sam CasselL 

As Utah ran its final play of (he 
game, the clock remained frozen on 
13 J seconds, and not until approx- 
imately 1 1 seconds had gone by did 
it finally roll. 

Utah, stymied by Houston’s de- 
fense. moved the tell around from 
John Stockton to Karl Malone to 
Jay Humphries and finally to Tom 
Chambers, but Chambers missed a 
shot under the basket. 

Houston's Robert Horry 
grabbed the rebound and threw the 
ball down the court to Kenny 
Smith, who dribbled in a tight cir- 
cle as the final seconds ricked off. 

The Rockets were furious imme- 
diately after the game, but were 
becalmed later in the lacker room, 
the final score serving as a salve. 
But the situation could have been a 
black mark on the league had the 
Jazz tied the score or nude a three- 
point shot to take the lead because 
of the extra rime. 

Thai was home oookm’," said 
Smith. That’s the home-court ad- 
vantage. I’ve seen it in CYO. high 
school college and the NBA If I 
was the timekeeper, the clock might 
still be running. We just had to play 
good defease for 24 seconds in- 
stead of 13-5." 

The Houston guard Vernon 
Maxwell said: "I thought, “This 13 
seconds is sure is taking a long 
time.* It was a big win. under the 
circumstances." 



The timekeeper. Wayne Hicken. 
apparent! v embarrassed at nis 
caffe, leaped over the front row of 
the scorers’ table as soon as the 
game ended and bolted out of the 
arena, pausing only to answer terse 
questions from three irate referees. 

The Jazz made several dutch 
shots in the final minutes and 
took advantage of a blown !a>aip by 
Hakeem Olajuwon on a two-on- 
one break that could have made the 
score 81-74 — to put themselves m 
a position to send the game into 
overtime. 

Stockton recovered from a shot 
blocked by Horry to nail a three- 
point shot from the corner and cut 
Houston’s lead to two points, 80- 
78. and them seconds later Stockton 
drew the offensive foul on CasselL 

The Jazz ran a play from the 


sideline. Stockton got the baUwhen 
it was throwx iabounds by Cham- 
bers, then ran to the baseline and to 
the far comer. As Stockton came 
back out to the top of the key, he 

said he noticed that the dock stti! 


*ad 13.5. 

“But we just had to keep running 
>ur play.” Stockton said. “We had 
>ood ball movement and got it m- 
iidetoTom-" - . 

Chambers, however, missed a 
ibot that would have tied the game, 
•low the Jazz are one game away 
rom elimination. They never have 
nade it to the NBA final 

Both teams struggled to get any 
flense generated. In the second 
imnw nnN 23 ooints were scored. 



Felton Spencer of the Utah Jazz looked for the basket but found 
the hug arm of the Rockets’ Hakeem Olajuwon in Sait Lake City. 


Stanley Cup? Game Times and TV Networks 

Guizhou; Colombia: ESPN; Comoros: 


Startino Times in Local Time 
Tuesday, May 31: Vancouver at N.Y. Ranger*. 
B:08 Am. (00:08 GMT! 

Thuraeov. Juno 3; Vcncouver ot N.Y. Rang- 
ers. 8:00 ojn. (00:38 GMT) 

Snruracv.Ji'ne 4 : N.Y. Rangers ot Vancouver. 
£:08 a-m. 103:08 GMTJ 
Tuesday. JuneT. N.V. Rangers a I Vancouver. 
*:<* n.m. i(M:0B Gv.Tl 
Thurso dv, June f : Vancouver at N.Y . clang- 
ers. 8:08 turn. (00:08 GMT), It necessary. 
Saturday. June It: N.Y. Rangers ot Vancou- 
ver. 0:08 bjsi. 103:08 GMT). It necessary. 
Tuesday- June 14: Vancouver at N.Y. Rang- 
ers. roe am. (00:08 GMTl. if necessary. 


The finals can be seen on Ihe following net- 
works in these countries: 

Albania: Eurosport; Algeria: ESPN (Or- 
bit), Antigua: ESPN; Argentine: ESPN: At- 
meota: Ecrosoart; Australia: ESPN: Aus- 
tria: Euros earl: Azerbaijan: Eurosporl; 
Batamas: ESPN: Bahrain: ESPN (Orbit) ; 
Barbados: ESPN. 

Belarus: Eurosoart; Belgium: Eurusport; 
Bermuda: ESPN; Bolivia: ESPN: Botswa- 
na: ESPN (SuoerSporll; Brazil: ESPN: Brit- 
ain: Eurosport/WIRE: Brunei: ESPN. 

Cameroon: ESPN [Sugar Sport); Canada: 
CBC: Chad: ESPN; Chili: ESPN; China; 


ESPN; Costa Rica: ESPN; Croatia-. Euro- 
snarl; Cuba: ESPN; Cyprus: Eumsaart; 
Czecfr Republic: CTV. 

Denmark: Eurosport/K2; DiBouH: E5PN. 
(Orbit); Dominican AepuMic: ESPN; Ecua- 
dor: Gamavlskn; Egypt: ESPN (Orblll: El 
Satradar: ESPN; Estonia: Channel 3: Fin- 
land: Channel 3; Prance: Eurospart. 

Georgia: Eurosport: Germaav: Euro- 
soort; Ghana; ESPN tSuoerSPort); Gibral- 
tar; Eurosporl: Greece: Eurusport; Gum; 
ESPN: Guatamala: ESPN; Guinea. Prance: 
ESPN. 

Haiti: ESPN; NouAiraa: ESPN; Hang 
Koag: ESPN; Hungary: Eurusport; lectori: 
EiiTosnort; Indonesia: RCTl; Ireland: Euro 
sport; Israel: ICP; Italy: To(e+2; ivory 
Coast: ESPN (SuoerSportJ. 

Japan; Nha/jSC; Janmn; ESPN lOrolO; 
Kenya: ESPN (Super Soort i; Koran: ESPN; 
LorvKi; Eurosporl; UTbimala: Eurospart; 
Luxembourg: Eurospart. 

Madagascar: ESPN (SuperSpart); Malawi: 
ESPN [SuporSPorfl; Maarthaila: ESPN (Or- 
bit); Mourttlus: ESPN (Orbit); Mexico: 
ESPN; Moldova: Eurosporl; Morocco: ESPN 
(OrtXI); Monunbique: ESPN (SuPorSport), 
Namibia: ESPN (SuporSportl; Nether- 
lands: Eurosport/N05; Nethertori Antilles: 


ESPN; New Caledonia; ESPN; New Zeo- 
tori: ESPN; Nigeria: ESPN iSueerSpcrr 
Norway; 6wosaoR.T\- Norge; Oman: 
ESPN (Oroin. 

Patou: ESPN: Panama; ESPN. Papua 
New Guinea: ESP*4- Parosuav: ESPN. 
Peru: ESPN; pv»aniae«: sr-® 1 ' PohnaeC 
ESPN; Potonc. syrwoari-»T'. . Psrfujal; 
EurasBcrt; Pusr;? S;cc: SS° - . 

Qatar: ESPti -Z Psmaiia. E.ro- 
sport/ChaniMl Jt; Russia: = 1T R. E .rosMrt- 
Saudi Arabia: ESPN (Oro:;: sercheiles: 
ESPN (SuperSacrt); Slngcsare: E5PN;Sla- 
vaO Republic: STV/Eurosporr; Slovenia: 
Eurosporl; Somalia: ESPN •i>ro:». 

Spain: Eurosow St. Kilts. «evj: ESPN. 
Sudan: ESPN (SuwrfpCT -Drt'f Sjr.non- 
ESPN; SwaailorC: ESP;; 'S'.-oc.-Soot: Swe- 
den: Ewr&wa.-T.-T'.'-r. S«f!-2e-ir-id- Ejro- 
sport; Syria: ESPN -Or: . Tc.wan; ESPN. 
Tanmntad: ESPN (S.T-riDo,-* - rnsi'and: 
ESPN; Trinidad osd Tcbcgo: ESPn- Tuni- 
sia: ESPN fOrbltS; Turkey: Eurjyport 
Uganda: espn ;Super5=ar;i: Ukraine: 
TV-BC/EurooPOrt: United Arabs Emirates: 
ESPN (Orb) D.-Uniled Stain: ESPN idomro 
MO; Uruguay: ESPN: VenuKki: Roaio 
Caraccc/E5PN; Virgin tsis.-ids: Esor. . Ye- 
men; ESPN (Oral I;. - zemsia: E' e s (Super- 
S parti; Zimbabwe: ESPN {SuperSaorn. 



'ALVIN AND HOBBES 



— , WIZARD of ID 


TORMAR 


~irr 

I I 


ZEBRAL 


1 ! 1 

JJ 


M«i Brarigu rflc GHM MM 10 

(am ma sworna mw u ajg- 
goma ov bm soon etnoon. 


Prim answer hare: HER 1 T j ( I j J 

(Admen tonaiW) 
I J micros FfliME FACET DEAFEN FC«C<3T 
I AilBWOT Wtui olu aded Ihe iSMUralmy 
D'KKUi — A TENDEfl - '3FFEH 


To our readers In Switzerland 

It's never been easier to subscribe 
and save. 

Just call our Zurich office 
toll free; 

155 57 57 

or fax: (01) 431 82 88 


DOONESBURY 


«6K POL. NO 
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5U&m>EFJ, 





THU iSBIU. CAMPB£U-,P?T\- 
GOSHBrCEO&PHILJP.VOFJuS 

BPHOWGANFRSZ U&£TT,U$. 

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ANPV71SCH ZEOCF 

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TSimD 5 . O/iD 
OTZSLeO.PON 
-A -fy JOHNSTONf. 




Chmt&! soynsuo. 
s sens. 


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VDUH PENS ON SS THEBE AT 
THE COUNTER DWt WOBIC 
VERY 



WHY DON'T Ilia 

wu use "tThavea penI 

'iOUR CMH PEnJ 1 

THEM? 


“Hey, we*B be lucky H we stnBrsefl this place] ... Well, 
It's tike everyone says — location, location, location." 



WS^YfWESWTHA 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1994 








Ivanisevic Leads a Lackluster Walk 
To Quarters in Bottom Half of Draw 


Price Wins Cokmial Golf 

The .Associated Press 

Nick Price birdied the First hole of a sudden-death playoff with 
Scott Simpson and won the rain-delayed Southwestern Bdl Colonial 
on Monday in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Simpson missed a long birdie putt and Price rolled in his putt of 
a boat 8 feet on the par-4 18th, completing a seven-stroke comeback 
spread over two days because of a weather suspension. 

Picking up where be left off Sunday. Price birdied Nos. 14 and 15 to 
close out a 64, while Simpson played his final seven holes in even par 
for a 71 . They completed the 72-hole ordeal with 14-under-par 266s. 

Hale Irwin paired his remaining five holes and finished third. 

• US. Masters champion Jos^- Marfa Ofozfibal m a d e up a three- 
stroke final round deficit with a blistering back nine Monday to win 
the European PGA Cbarapionship in Virginia Water, England. 

Olazibal birdied three of the final four holes — just missing an 
eagle on the 18th — to overtake Ernie Els of South Africa. 

The Spaniard shot a 7-under-par 65 on Wentworth’s West Course 
to finish on 271. 17-under-par. Els. getting his only bogey when be 
three-putted the 14th. carded a 69 to finish at 272.’ 


chair umpire Zollaa Bognar ex- 
cused himself for several minutes 
tt> visit the toSet 

“Where did he go?” Ivanisevic 
said, frowning. He looked up and 
saw Gaudenzi climbing the ladder, 
sitting in the umpire’s high chair 
and announcing into the micro- 
phone: “Third set and match, Gau- 
deazL" Of course, it didn’t happen 
that way. and a few minutes later 
Gaudenzi was receiving an obscen- 
ity warning from the umpire. 

Gaudenzi predicted that Berasa- 
tegui. a clay-court specialist, would 
upset Ivanisevic. Ivanisevic was 
nervous. “It’s the French Open and 
I’m the only seed in my half,” he 
said. “You don’t think it’s scary?" 

Ivanisevic has wan nine singles 
titles and was the 1992 finalist 
against Andre Agassi at Wimble- 
don; the other three quarterfmal- 
ists in his half have won just six 
tournaments, and none has ever 


: further in a Grand Slam event 
he stands today. 

Krickstein. the 26-year-old 
American who 1 1 years ago became 
the youngest man to win an ATP 
Tour event, might have wasted his 
last, best chance of reaching a 
Grand Slam final. 

Dredcman has surpassed his 
countrymen. Slicb and Boris 
Becker (who withdrew before his 
opening match), but doesn't seem 
likely to replace them. He didn't 
seem to remember watching Becker 
win his first title at Wimbledon — 
the seminal moment in German 
tennis — and he promised to dog- 
gedly pursue his salesman's diplo- 
ma in spire of any success in tennis, 
which is admirable, but not quite so 
charismatic as Sampras’s pursuit of 
the Grand Slam. 

As dreadful as the play was on 
Monday, it will be paved over 


Tuesday by quarterfinals involving 
thegame’s bcsL 

Fust of all, Na 1 Steffi Graf and 
Mary Pierce will each be playing a 
last preliminary before their likely 


final meeting on Thursday. 
Pierce, who this week became the 
first the first French woman in the 
Top 10 since Francoise Durr in 

1976, has lost only four games in 
four matches, a Grand Slam re- 
cord. 

Either of the men's quarterfinals 
Tuesday would be worthy of a 
French' Open final: No. 4 Medve- 
dev vs. bis good friend. No. 6 Bm- 
guera, who c laims to be lacking the 
confidence of his title run last year: 
and Sampras vs. his greatest rival. 
No. 7 Courier. 

Sampras has won 25 consecutive 
Grand Slam matches and is three 
away from becoming the first man 
since Rod Laver in 1969 to hold all 
four Grand Slam titles. 


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a press conference Monday at which he announced Us decision to skip the World Cbp finals. 


Gullit Quit! 


Compiled hp Ow Staff From Dispatches 

NOORDWUK, Netherlands — 
Dutch soccer star Ruud Gullit 
walked out of the national side’s 
training camp on Monday and said 
he would not go the World Cup 
finals with the team next month. 

Gullit said at a press conference 
here that be would not nve a rea- 
son for his departure until after the 
World Cup, winch begins next 
month in the United States. 

Sitting next to Gullit, coach Dick 
Advocaat said he regretted the de- 
cision. 

He also said that he wanted to 
know the reason for Gullit’s depar- 


senoe, Gullit, 31, played the first 
half of a friendly match a gginet 
Scotland last Friday. Replaced for 
the second half of the gar™- he 
later criticized the Dutch ganv» 
plan. 

He was quoted then as saying 
that the Dutch team should alter its 
tactics to cope with the expected 
high temperatures and humidity in 
the United Kates and to counter 
the likely defensive nature of such 
first-round opponents as Belgium 
and Morocco. 

Advocaat responded on Satur- 
day by saying that be was in charge 
of the team and not GuBiL 


Nevertheiess, the move was ma- 
jor blow to Dutch hopes for the 
World Cup. 

Squad captain Ronald Koeman 
said: “The moment is badly cho- 
sen. The team needs a bit of peace. 
He has hurt ns leaving this way 
because the team now has to do 
something different again.” 

He added: “An in-form Gullit is 
important to the iwm It’s a slap in 
the face. The players were 
amazed.” 

Gullit went into exile from inter- 
national soccer in April 1993 after 
he was substituted during a World 

r\— L r. 


Know tlie reason for unUitsdepar- On Monday, Advocaat d is- Cup qualifying match against Ene- 
ture as soon as possible to quash missed the suggested link between land at Wembley. It wasthe second 
rumors - Gullit’s departure and the team’s time he had quit international soc- 

RecaHed after a. 13-month ab- tactics. cer in jnst over six months. 


Gullit has 65 Dutch caps and 
captained the Netherlands to Euro- 
pean Championship victory in 

1988 after making his rirfwi agains t 

Switzerland in 1981. 

He recently signed a one-year 
contract with AC Milan, for whom 
he played from 1987 to 1993. 

Last season be played for Samp- 
doria, Genoa, also in the I talian 
league, regarded as the world’s 
toughest national competition. 

During his absence, the Nether- 
lands qualified for the World Cup 
finals, but his attacking flair and 
vision would have made the Dutch 
a more formidable opponent 
Gullit had said recently that the 
World Cup finals would mark the 
end of his international career. 

( Reuters, AP, AFP) 


Can Italy Harness Berti the ‘Anarchist'? 


By JCen Shulman 

Special to the Haald Tribute 

FLORENCE — He does not fit in. His 
idiosyncrasy is apparent in evavtlring be does, 
in his lanky, digointed gait, in his inability to 
conform to an on-field role, and in his playful, 
mocking posture with journalists and funs. 

Nicola Berti is so different from his coach’s 
preconceived idea of a national team player 
that even an authoritarian mentor Eke Arrigo 
Sacdti knows better than to try to change or 
channel such talents. 

“Berti has impressed everyone in tins camp 
with his spirit, and with his temperament,” says 
Sacdu. He was speaking at Sportiba, an isolat- 
ed, well-guarded athletic facility on a hilltop in 


the verdant Romagna region where the It 
learn scheduled its first stage Of the World Cup 
preparation. 

“As a player, and as a person, be has charac- 
teristics that are different from those of all the 
others,” Sacdti said. "These differences coald be 
very positive for this team. It all depends on how 
well he manages to adapt to oar style of play." 

It also depends on how wcU Sacchfs exceed- 
mg ty weH-organized team adapts to Berti. After a 
difficult Wcrid Cup qualifying ran — a series of 
matches in which Sacdti experimented with 
more than 60 players — Italy has suffered two 


Id February, Sacchfs ** azzurri” lost in a 
endly match against France, a team that 
[led to qualify ror USA 94. In March, the 
nxrri fell, 2 - 0 , to the defending world champi- 
i, Germany. 

An even more worrisome defeat came when 
5 three- time world champions (Italy, Genra- 

and Brazil are the only nations to have wot 

nee World Cups) dropped a 2^1 scrimmage to 
e third-division Poniedera team. 


The problem was Italy’s attack. With AC 
Milan’s Franco Bared and Paolo Mai dim as the 
mainframe for the defense, Italy’s rearguard 
was solid. So was its midfield. But the forwards, 
and particularly the scoring star Roberto Bag- 
gio. were not receiving a sufficient supply of 
playable passes. Isolated, the Italian attack was 
unable to breach rival defenses. 

Had the calculated, fuB-firid game that Sac- 
chi had instilled in his successful AC Milan 
team been effectively transposed onto the na- 
tional team, the 48-year-old coach would never 
have dreamed to invite yet another player to his 
training camp. And certainly not a player who 
had onry returned to action in April after hav- 
ing been addin ed for six months with torn 
ligaments in Ins right knee. 

But Sacdti knew that his national team code- 
tail needed something to Even it up. So the 27- 
year-old Berti, who returned to action in time to 
save his Internationale of Milan dub from 
relegation to the second division, and also to 
spearhead h to its UEFA Cup triumph, was 
SacchTs choice. 

- “I called Berti bad: to the team because I saw 
that he had made some progress," says Sacdti. 
“He has a very strong identity. And tactically, 
he is more mature." 

Berti has always been a free spirit, both on 
the field and off. In Florence, where he made 
his Italian first division debut with Ftorenima, 
he was an offensive-minded winger whose un- 
bridled enthusiasm often sparked explosive, 
fuB-fteM charges and ignited furious scrambles. 

He was — and is — a player who ran, fought 
and hustled for 90 minutes a game. He had a 
knack for cracking open a gridlocked contest, 
and another for scoring important goals. He 
would emerge from a scramble at midfield, 
catting through a sea of twisting bodies, some- 


how maintaining both his balance and control 
of the ball as be churned toward the goal 

At Inter, which purchased Berti in 1988, 
Coach Giovanni Trappaitoni converted his 
new acquisition from wing to attacking mid- 
fielder. In his first year with the Milan dub. 
Berti scored seven goals and helped the team to 
the Gist division title. His rampaging style in- 
spired his teammates and made him the favorite 
of the Inter fans. 

Yet the same fervor that fuels his breathtak- 
ing breakaways also propels Berti to leave his 
preassigned zone of action to chase the ball 
across the field — and across the paths of his 
teammates. 

Beni still teems with spirit He plays each 
match as if h were Ins first — and his last The 
former Fiorentma coach Aldo Agroppi, who 
considered Berti his prize pupil, used to call him 
“the anarchist" 

Beni was a starter on the 1990 Italian World 
Cup team, and played five matches until receiv- 
ing his second yellow card against Uruguay. He 
also played the first two matches during Sac- 
chi's reign before Italy’s new coach discarded 
him. Thai be tore up his knee in a league match 
in October. 

“You have no idea bow important it is for me 
to be here," says Berti of the national team 
training camp. “When I was injured, 1 thought 
even more about the national team than of 
getting back to Liter. 1 can’t say that I expected 
to be here. Bnt I was hoping Sacdti would call 
me. Thai gave me one more reason to heal." 

It remains to be seen whether this self- 
avowed “loose cannon" will find a place in 
Sacdti’s disciplined artillery. Sacdti may even 
choose to use him off the bench, lobbing him 
like a grenade into a unhid match and hoping 
that he does more harm to his opponents than 
to his own teammates. 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The top half of the 
French Open draw is controlled by 
No. 1 Pete Sampras, the two-time 
champion Jim Courier, the defend- 
ing champion Sergi Bniguera and 
the future champion Andrei Medve- 
dev. The bottom half is bring man- 
aged by a bunch of knuckleheads. 

The highest-ranked knucklehead 
was Michael Such of Germany, the 
Na 2 seed who last week couldn’t 
have won his second-round match 
if his opponent had been riding a 
donkey. The straight-set winner of 
that match, Aaron Krickstein. 
might have taken good care of this 
windfall path to the semifinal But. 
no. be went out and blew it Mon- 
day in a 6-4, 6-4, 6-4 founh-round 
loss to a 19-year-old German 
named Hendrik Dreekmann. who, 
it should be noted, is studying to 
become an industrial salesman. 

So No. 89 Dreekmann will play 
No. 46 Magnus Larsson of Sweden 
in one quarterfinal. 

In the other bottom-half quarter- 
final. No. 23 Albeno Berasategui 
of Spain figures to make things 
difficult for No. 5 seed Goran 
Ivanisevic of Croatia. 

These wQl be the big matches on 
Wednesday, which means, for 
those holding tickets to Roland 
Garros, that Wednesday is looking 
Eke a good day to tackle all of that 
laundry that has been bunding up. 

Anyone who was here Monday 
will understand. 

Larsson beat Jaime Yzaga of 
Peru. 6-3. 6 -Z 6-1 Berasategui ad- 
vanced with an abbreviated 6-1 6-0 
victory against No. 98 Javier Frana 
of Argentina, who retired early 
with stomach problems. 

“Well I guess I am lucky be- 
cause this is my second match (hat 
1 won by the other guy’s retiring,” 
said Berasategui. who also won his 
first-round match when Wayne 
Ferreira of South Africa quit after 
losing the first set. 

Ivanisevic made his third French 
Open quarterfinal with a 6-2. 5-7, 
6-4, 6-3 victory against No. 34 An- 
drea Gaudenzi of Italy, the only 
loser with enough fight Monday to 
win a set. The glamour match of the 
day, it was bhghted with 134 on- 
forced errors — 80 from Ivanisevic. 

One funny thing: After Gau- 
denzi had double-faulted to allow 
Ivanisevic to serve out the third set. 

Singles Results 

MEN'S SINCLE5 
Fourth Round 

Hendrik Oreekmorm. Germany. Oat. Aaron 
Krlckxtoto. U.S. 

Alberto Bertaotepol. Spain, bet. Javier 
Frana, Argentina, 6-2. 6-c. rat. 

Goran Ivonbevic (5>. Croatia, del. Andrea 
Gaudenzi. llalv, i-Z 5-7. M. 6-1 
Jaime Vxooa, Peru. Oef. Mosnus Larjaon, 
Sweden. 6-1 6-Z 6-1 


SIDELINES 


For the Record 

Jan Sronda of the Czech Republic escaped a spiD 250 meters (800 feet) 
from the finish line in Pontedera. Italy, and sprinted to victoiy in 
Monday’s ninth stage of the Tour of Italy cycling race. f AP ) 

Argentina beat the United States. 28-22. in a 1995 Rugby World Cu 
qualifier in Long Beach, California. 


d Lup 
(AFP) 


Akebono, Sumo’s grand champion, 25. said Monday he would undergo 
surgery in the United States to repair tom cartilage in his left knee and a 
dislocation in his right knee. (API 

An Au strali a n ctimber died after reaching the summit of Mount Everest 
the Australia’s Foreigo Affaire Department said Monday. It was unclear 
when Michael Rhein faerger died, but the American -organized expedition 
had been on its descent from the s ummi t l Reuters) 

Jnfios Bores, who won 18 PGA Tour tournaments, including two U.S. 
Opens and the PGA in a 40-year career, died Saturday. He was 74. (AP) 

The average player in Japan's two professional baseball leagues is being 
paid 4Z2 million yen ($400,000) this season, up 26.8 percent from last 
year, the Japanese Professional Baseball Players Association said. (AP) 


SCOREBOARD 

Major LoagjeStancflnga 



AMERICAN LEAGUE 
EortOMtioa 

W L PCL 
New York - 32 14 Mt 

OB 

Boston 

39 18 

417 

3 re 

eofltewre 

27 19 

JB7 

5 

Toronto 

24 24 

300 


Detroit 

21 25 

.457 

M 

CMcosa 

Central Dtefajop 
28 18 

M9 

_ 

Ctevetand 

25 21 

3*3 


KaramCity 

34 23 

sn 

4M 

MtoMsato 

3< » 

Ml 


Milwaukee 

20 28 

^17 

9 

caHtornta 

West DtvBtan 
23 20 

.451 

— 

Texas . . 

21 26 

447 

— 

Seattle 

» * 

ATT 

1% 

Oakland 

13 36 

-265 

0 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
, EatfDteUon 

. W L PCL 

OB 

Atlanta 

20 n 

M7 

— 

Montreal 

28 2D 

.583 


ww York 

25 23 

J21 

4ta 

Florida 

a* as 

m 


Philadelphia 

23 26 

JU9 

7 

Ondmatt 

Centra D*yWw» 

v n 

SSI 

— 

Houston 

v a 

55 J 

— 

SL Louis 

34 V 

Jtl 

2 

Oitoaao ._ . 

. .. -a 24 

AC 

_ 5 

pmtiwrota 

21 36 

Ml 

5 

LoAAnaetH . 

■. WwtPte iaMfi 
» 22 

JU 

— 

SOP Francisco 

" 25 25 

SBO 



.21 27 

MB 

6 

SaiOtaao 

T* 34 

300 


Sundays Line Scores 




AMERICAN LEA OUE . 

Ml 2M m-s > J 

. ms aaa «**-7 « 1 

Jlrrarae Acre tM, Hnranon W.VWch m 

and strimnen; Morris, Ptoi* (M* 0eaa 

SawW«*IAinm!»-.W--MorrtiA*y-J>- 

tan D.SWrento Meibom* |«.SA»roro (SJ. 
Conform MR M* »-« « * 

T w o*. \ 70 m I*-*** 

FJntovand Ramon; Switfem yreond Ber- 
dere. W— Sbrfltsmvrt. «. L— FWW, ** 
HR*— Toronto, Alomar MVBanfcn O). 
New York m-m "*-* » * 

te~~u* atv SM TM fSM-tt n * 

MufeoltaaWPafl MI.F-Wteo n wgtiBS IWi- 
ter: *Mto*nto Ml. W, 

Pktnrdo-W. Brower t«. w-Ottokro. . 


Lr-MutooHONt M. S» — BrtW tli. 
HRs — NY.wtwde (3). KC Pitendsraon (4). 
Mattta <10 OM itS—* » 1 

mhwookm mo m n*-* M 1 

SdM&TJXIrii (6J.GOSBOW»(7). RlstoV (8) 
and Hasetnxm, DCWIben (8). HJwara, lono- 
stefc (2), Henry (8), Scanlon (t> and Nilsson. 
W-Hmtv, H. L— T-Davta. 8-1. sw— Sconlcn 
CO. HB— MOMBlmk G. Vaughn (to. 

Boston 030 1» 008-4 t 0 

T«n 128 M M» — I W e 

Damttb QgantrUI IS). H u uni ffl, Proh- 
wbiti (7j aid BerryMll; Rooenand Mtodrt- 
ouflak W — Rogers, 6-3. t— Darwin, 7-3. 
HRs— Tew* POtnwr US). LRfldrfwez (5t- 
BaMmara «ce us eo-e « o 

CftfcBM NO m Ml— 4 4 1 

SffnondB fr MMs (I). Poole (to, LesmlHi 
TO and HoHos; JiAcDoweU, McOaMII TO, 
AMOnmortier (B), Schwarz (to and Korko- 
vfco- W SJ- wwatocz,*! L— J-MeOowrtl,3- 
7. sv— LeSmUh (20). HRB-CMeoow Raton 
m, Thomas (MI. 

Detroit «n *M Wi — 5 s • 

M to ee oet d M Me oea-t t ■ 

GMUdsoaGordfiier (to and Krwter; Mo- 
rrows. Cation (4) and Waftee*. W-&HPW:- 
•0R, 34, Lr-fMmu, 4-1 HR»-Detroft F* 
to TO. Mem da. Mock \ S). 

NATIONAL LEA6UE 
CMCOOO MB 880 Mt-4 < 0 

Aflaota BM SM TO-* 7 • 

B»uto*er,OnoTO.Crim(7).M«rLTOind - 

WINni Gtavfn* Stanton CD, Wohlers (to 
andOWdea W BumnOf.ML L— Gtovlne.5- 
5. sv— Myers (11). HR-Chlcooa Soso TO). 

cotorado too MO too 8-3 I T 

Montreal SIMM H11 2 

. .'. n> toaJoss) 

Nto&HtiltKS TO#Munaz (7). Read (8). Ruffln 
(to) and QfcmS; Passera, ftaradto (to, Scott 
(to) end PMdw, wustor (to- W-Satt, 24 
L— Rudbv 24 HR— ANnOrtcE VtoBar tSk ' . . 
Itoutwo 0M m KM 3 8 

PUMewito m m »i*-4 7 0 

Drufaek, Mltdi WDlksns (» aid SorvaK 
EnnDto (to; West sioainto(7J. Jones (W and 

Daidton. W-west, 7-4. L-OnMb 7-2. 
Su jonei (18)- HR»— PWtadeWifa, Botlsje 
(II, Qvtoion (i). 

OndoaoM - Mi Mi- 1M-4 n 8 
New Vorfc - 222 IN AM— 8 n 1 

Hoosoa scraton TO. Fartutm (5),McEt- 
ray (8) and Taubwme: jomb Franco (to and 
HuadMtr. rf— Jones. t-L L-Hanwn, » 
Sv— Franco mr. 

Ftortdo . M .toe Me— i n 3 

JaFradn mo w BM 7 » 

Houd% ftXewfc m. JJtomondB z (to and 
TTngtov;ltickoraan.MJara«oa If), Bock (ft. 
w^MJaOBonJ-l. l^-RLowb, H Sw-6«ck 
TO). 

9.UAS MW DM I 3 

San Dtogn W.l* Ur-e 14 ■ 


Urtad, Evoranero (3), HcOvan (5), Murphy 
(7). fLRodrUuv (8) and TJMcGrW; Hwnflion. 
Mauser (71. TatoatHJ (81 and Aiamo. W— Ho- 
mUtan, Ml L— Urabnt, Ml Sv— Tabaka (T>. 

P lt tai n n oh OH tee 120-3 ll t 

UtlUnlB 103 too Mi 1 B B 

ZJSam. AJPena (7) and Stawght; KrGrass. 
Osuno (7), Goft (to. Tctyworratl (0), DreJtert 
(to ana CaHemandK. W— XaGtoss. 4-2. 
U-tSmHh, 4-51 Su -D ra l fo rt (6). 

TheMfcriaef Jordan Watch 

SUNDAYS OAME:Jordcn weni Mor-3 wn 
eraaraundwd.anafhrour u nd o iw s rrti i enutlnB 
5-4 wM ow MaanrlUe. He otto HH a sooiftae 
ban), (to cauoW are Ry ballfti rtaht flew. 

SEASON TO DATE; Jordan is betting XI 
QHort0) )n 44 games. Kehos2Bslnolt9CMd7 
doable* He has driven In 31 rvns, stotea 14 

bimslnZl€dl«no(saRdtintckaul4BttRies.He 

has wAked 14 limns and scared 72 runs. Pefav 
stv*fy.lwtH8«eutauta,l asdst and j errws. 


TOm Lehmatv Ui. 46-66-69-711— Z71 
Gary Hattoera. U5, <7-47-65-73—271 
PWI MMketaon, UA. 4846-n -65-273 
Carey Pavtn, US, 1847-67-70-274 
More ANXUfflWr. U J. 686047-70— Z74 
Jutoi Cook. U5. 66-71-47-70— 274 

EUROPEAN P0A CHAMPIONSHIP 




(to 2 aSHtaa) taaraaaart frwo toe 6,9S7-vord 
tOO reefer), par-72 West Coarse at Went- 
worth re Vkvrere wafer, Enetoad; 

Jose Marla Otaratof, Snalrv 67-6871-45-271 
Ernta EU. Swrth Afrtca, 68687148-272 
Bernhard Lanaer, Germany. *6-7847 -46- 774 
miou«i Anon Jimenez, Spain, *»487870-Z7 a 
J ooUm Hoeogman. Sweden, 686870-66-276 
SMC Ballesteros Spain, 7868)868-277 
Mar* James. England, uwn-to-m 
Adam Hunter. Scotland. 71-65-72-71-279 
Sandy Lyfe. Scotlond, 6871-7871-280 
Frank Nabna, New Zealand. >2-66-6«-73-ai 
Peter HeAkmv Sweden. 684871-72-281 
Kevin Stafttes. Scotland, 7871-71-48-31 
UabMm MadcefOte. Enotaad, 7J-786849-381 



Sunday’s NBA ResuR 


WESTERN CONFERENCE FINAL 
ftowtofl 2S 13 22 20—80 

Utah toMH 38—78 

Heaton Made ierfu M 
Hoasten: Horry 5-12 1-7 a Thorpe 24 MX 
0tehiywn814 44 M. Maxwtfi3.ro 8085mtth8 
757-72XCureton808OOJent81 (MHVConeHJ- 
6 44 18 eito >7 H 7. Tottfs 2873 17-21 B. 

Utah: Benoit Ml 1-3 11, Motane 853 7-11 21 
Spenctr851-21.Slock1ai8124417.Hora- 
cek 8I3M 18, Hanrehrla M 1-28 Ctambere 
82 88 W CortMn 82 80 a Tatata 2874 1830 7X 
3-Poret Boats ' (tedtfor 5-13 IMamwiI 2-4. 
5Wffih 24 Ella W. Horry 6®, Utah 818 
(Stockton 1-1. Hcracek 1-3, Humphries 14. 
BenoE 81. Mtoont 81). Fouled oe4— Thorpe. 
Mhuiireto Huo ti o n 51 (hottv w>, uwi 53 
(Atotane U). Asshta— Houston 14 (Harry 5). 
Utah 17 (Stodden 6). Tela) teals— Houston 26, 
Utah 22. TethnlreH Mnmwe,Mcsrall.Utoh 
Illegal detenm Houston lUdgal defense. 

Jiff? 5 IjT 


TUB COLONIAL 

Final scares Monday la Hie SM mffltaa 
So eHi W Mlem ME COtoaiaS atared ea toe 
7i848ktoA Hrfl CoteaW Coaairr CM 
coarse b Fort Wortte Texas: 

Nkfc Price. ZlntoatMC. 6M84744-2I6 
sot Slmoson. UJL. 686844-71-266 
Hate Irada U3- 4678486S-2S7 
Pate Jordon. U5- 687M846-Z7D 
Brad Four. UJS- 78664748-271 


Tour of Italy 


***« toOBtef of toe nlntli stage, H3 Wo- 
"0»en (Ml relies) from costlodm delta 
FrocaiatoPenfMera:ljjan$tforada.Stowe- 
Ub LomprteS hours S minutes 7 seconds; 2. 
EnddaLeenl, Italy, Jolty ComMnlblU, sa-ne 
•tore; 1 Ckwrei" 1 Fldonza Italy, Ptftt sJ.; ■ 
JanSdro, Gemrov, Watarata. sJ.: i IN* 
RmsGemroy.TeMaintsJjLSiefanaZaninL 
Italy. Nwtoorai&L; 7, Max Scrowt Italy, CB 
«KLsi;aFabloBeaooto,itetv r Ateraof 6 ne,AU 
ZMcWrtdD AWinorL Italy. Amore and VlhusJ-; 
ta MMtf Murato. Spain. Baiata. s.t 
oeerafl itnetougi; 1, Evgenv Berzin. Ri& 
sta. Gewfsg Bodan, 34 hours 57 minutes II 
MU. 4*; X Armand de las Cuevas, Franco. 
Castonano 2 minotes w bbcbTO BeWnd; 1 
Otainl Bueno. Hahr. PtfltliSB; 4. MWuei in- 
tonm^oatn. Bonetfrel J*; XMorts Gtovorv- 
2^to|ta*v. Mcretf Cte, 4.-20; i. Froneesai 
Coswrunde, Italy. M erc atane. 5:82; 7, wioto- 
J"lr Btfll Date, Lampre, 5J4; t PowH Ton- 
kav. Russia, Lampre. 4^)»; 9, Stetenc dello 
Sonia, Holy. Monel Ool 6:10; 18 Massimo 
^vtantanu . Holy, Novfeare. 6:2i 


BASEBALL 
teaertra League 

CHICAGO WHITE SOX— Pvt Crate Cre- 
heck.hiHetder,m lSdoy dbefeted list, ralro- 
otftee May 21. Bought contract at Oimedo 


Saenz, Inftalder, tram Nashville, aa. sem Jtfi 
Sttnwri, Pitcher, to Nashville. Recalled Dane 
Johnson. Ditcher, from Nashville. 

TEXAS — A-atened Dan Smith, pitcher, la 
Part Charlotte, FSL on an Inlurv rehaolllto- 
Hon asstefiment. Acllvaied Oddlbe McdowtfL 
outtletder.from 15-da v disabled list. Put Chris 
James outfielder, on 15-dOY tfsabied IW. rei- 
roocilve May 26. 

TORONTO— Pol Mike Timlin, pitcher, on 
iSday dbahted list, retroodlve May 35. 
Bought contract el Ramtv Si. Claire, pircher, 
from Syracuse, IL. Ate* Gonzalez, shortstop, 
completed 30-dCry rehabilitation aulenment 
at Syracuse. I Land mos optioned ta Syracuse. 

Hatteaat Leaeue 

ATLANTA— Traded Delon Sanders owl- 


fieider, to the Cincirtnan (or Roberta Kelly, 
outfielder, and Roger ElherMpe.pllchar. Ac- 
tivated GreasOfean. ptttfwr.lram rehobUHa- 
l ion assignment with Richmond, I L- Designat- 
ed Mill Hill, plkher, tor asstenmenL 

CINCINNATI— Optioned Jerry Spradlin. 
Pitcher, to Indianapolis. AA. Recalled Kevin 
Jarvis, pitcher, from Indlanapalts. 

FLORIDA — Put Gary Sheffield, outfieWer, 
an 18doy disccied list. Bought contract of 
Russ Mormon, 1st baseman, tram Edmonton. 
PCL 

LA. DOOOERS-Piit Define De$hiekb.2d 
aaaem ot v an I 5 dav dUcteled llsL retroatf I ve 
to May 26. Activated pave Hansen. Inflekter. 
tram 15-day efisobted list. 

PITTSBURGH — Pul Jett Kino. 3d Dae- 


mon, on 15-day dfaaMed list Recalled Dan 
MJctfL Pilcher, from Buffalo, AA. 

SAK FRANCIBOO-M Rottoy Thompren,ad 
boEemoa and Bill Swtft. pitcher, on lSdov dis- 
abled Usf. retroactive May 9. Bought contract of 
Erik Johnson, inflekter, tram Phoenix, PCL Put 
Rkh Mo nt e leon e, pffeher, on IFday dtsabled 
list retroa c tive 10 May 1A Recalled Bill Van 
LondtoBfinm, ptttner. from Sh re veport , TL, art 
Tony Menendez, pitcher, from Phoenix PCL. 

FOOTBALL 

Notional Football League 
ATLANTA— Re-signed Lemuel Jiiruon, 
cornei bo ck , ond Dovtd Mhns. wide receiver, to 
1-year rantrodi Signed Dcrryt Font Nlko 
Now arid Cedric Figaro, Mnebocfcere; Bret 
Johnson, quarterback; and Lonnie Turner. 


whte receiver. Released Huev Rkharaiaa de- 
tenstve M-nnetaacfcer. 

CAROLINA— Named Boyd Devder scout. 

CHICAGO— Slrewd Ron Cox, linebacker, to 
2- year oontro c L 

CINCINNATI— waived Tam Ravam. offen- 
sive lineov*; John Brantley, linebacker; Lee 
Harris, wide rteotear; and Dan Stowers, de- 
fensive Dock. 

DALLAS— Monerf Caesar Rent lr- attentive 

lineman. 

DETROIT— Stoned Paul jetton, afienslve 
llnemon, and Jesti Btdiona punter. 

GREEN BAV — Re-stoned Mike 

toerrNieflltiw.lliwbaeker. Stoned Ron Lewis, 
wide receiver. 


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Can Rhyme ‘Yeutter’ 


PEOPLE 


W ashington — Here is a 

lough problem for you: A to- 
bacco company carried oui some 
research on the effects of smoking. 

When the results indicated that 
smoking could be dangerous to 
your health, the company buried 
the report in (he ground, or burned 
it in an incinera- 
tor, or the exam- 




lives went into 
the bathroom 
and ale it. 

Unfortunate- 
ly. one copy sur- 
vived. 

The years 
went by and the 
suspicion about 
bad health from „ , 

smoking in- BuchwaM 

creased. There was even talk that it 
was addictive. The tobacco moguls 
denied any knowledge of this or 
any supposed research. 

Then someone leaked the dam- 
aging report to the press and the 
tobacco company went ballistic. A 
meeting was called in an empty 
Virginia Slims locker room. 


ington Post for using tainted mate- 
rial in their stories." 

“Great idea." the VP for sales 
said. “IF newspapers use purloined 
documents they should be pun- 
ished. Otherwise no tobacco corn- 
pan v in the country will be safe 
from hiding honest research." 

The PR "man said. “We go on 
television and complain that the 
lab work done by us was incom- 
plete and therefore should not be 
distributed by the media." 

“Who will do it?” 

“We’U get a beautiful spokes- 
woman. Good-looking women are 
more believable when you're hand- 
ing out a cock and bull story." 

“1 know or one. She's not only 
beautiful but she smokes like 'a 
chimney." 

□ 


The first question asked by the 
CEO was, "How do we deal with 
it?" 

This was the moment for the PR 
man to shine. 

“We should raise the real issue of 
the report which is not that smok- 
ing kills people but who stole our 
data? Secondly, we must sue The 
New York Times and The Wash- 


The CEO said. “I want a whole 
scenario laid out as lo why using 
stolen research papers can destroy 
the heart of the American free en- 
terprise system.'' 

The PR man told the meeting: 
“We're going to have newspaper 
and magazine ads as well. We've 
got one that shows a man with a ski 
mask and a flashlight rifling 
through a safe. The copy says. ‘This 
man is stealing a nicotine secret, 
one the public has no business 
knowing about.' 

“Then we have another one dis- 
playing a cage of mice smoking 
through glass tubes. The words are. 
‘If smoking wasn’t safe mice 
wouldn't love it.’ " 

□ 


Summer Garland 
Across the Seine 


Amerce France- Prase 

P ARIS —The Japanese design- 
er Kenzo will celebrate the 
first day of summer, on June 21. 
by decking the Pont Neuf across 
the Seine in flowers. 

He will cover the bridge from 
the Quai du Louvre across 10 the 
Quai Conti with 52.000 pots of 
different-colored begonias as well 
as various kinds of ivy — in a task 
expected to take three days to 
complete — for only one day ar.d 
one night of celebrations, includ- 
ing a music festival. 

In 1 985. the artist Christo 
wrapped the Pont Neuf in material. 


The CEO thumped the table. “I 
like it. Now what do we do with 
members of Congress when they 
ask us about the report?" 

“We fly them tc* North Carolina 
for a golf weekend." 

“What happened to your idea to 
have a buQch of cigarette girls in 
fishnet stockings hand out smokes 
in the halls of Congress?" 

The PR mao said, “They turned 
us down, at least until we give them 
a copy of the report we deep- 
sixed." 

This made the CEO boiling mad. 
"You know what we ore? Victims. 
They're blaming us for hiding the 
dangers of smoking from the public 
and that makes us look rotten in 
the health community. Our defense 
is that coming up with a good re- 
port on smoking is a din;, business 
but somebodv has to do it." 


By Sarah Lyall 

Sew York Timet StTWif 

N EW YORK — Biting into a bulky 
oyster po’ boy with plump pieces of 
oyster overflowing from the side. Calvin 
Trillin was trying to explain himself, in 
case anyone at the table was a vegetarian. 
"Oysters don't believe in God." he said. 
“Everybody knows that.” 

Trillin (his friends call him Bud! sat 
shoulder-io-shoulder with his wife. Alice, 
perhaps best known to the public as the 
title character from “Alice. Let’s Eat," the 
second volume in Trillin's three-pan culi- 
nary and cultural tour through America. 

h was an early April day with inklings 
of spring. They had left their sunny 
brownstone in Greenwich Village for a 
nearby restaurant called Home, where 
they were tucking into the oyster po' boy 
(Trillin) and the homemade chicken noo- 
dle soup and a salad with goal cheese 
(Alice, who really can't be thought of by 
any other name). 

The Trillins made it very clear that they 
are not restaurant critics, no matter what 
impression has been created from Trillin’s 
three food books {the other two are 
“American Fried” and “Third Helpings.") 

"I never wrote restaurant reviews — I 
always admitted that I don't cook, that J 
have’ no knowledge — but it was a way to 
write jokes about the country." Trillin 
said. “Or should I say. a way of writing 
about the country in a jocular manner." 

Trillin. 5$. still likes to eat. But these 
days he's relishing his role as a poet who 
chums oui a bit of rhyme every week for 
The Nation, taking care to emphasize that 
his job is different from that of the people 
he calls “grown-up poets." who do it full 
time and presumably take it seriously. 

Poeuy is just the latest phase of Trillin’s 
long career, which has included hundreds 
of prose pieces for The New Yorker, hun- 
dreds of humor columns for The Nation 
and 1 7 books, of which the most recent are 
‘‘Deadline Poet: My Life as a Doggere- 
lisL” a collection of his Nation verse, and 
"Remembering Denny." 

“Remembering Denny." about the 
boundless promise and then increasingly 
troubled life of a Yale classmate of Tril- 
lin’s who committed suicide in 1991. was 
on The New York Times best-seller list for 
six weeks last year. 

Trillin has been writing since 1965. but 
his career at The Nation began more than 
15 years ago on the day he and his wife, 
now 56, sal down to lunch with Victor S. 
Navasky. the editor of The Nation. It was 
also about that lime that Trillin began 
calling his boss in print “the wily and 
parsimonious Victor S. Navasky. - a de- 
scription that stuck so effectively that Na- 
vasky has been known to say he should 



weeklv poetry for The Nation, a custom 
that began when he found himself on the 
subway one day obsessing about John H 
Summit, President George Bush s chief of 
staff The nam e was rich with poetic possi- 
bilities. That led to Trillin's seodup of 
Sununu’s elitist erudition; the poem s RISK 
line was, “If you knew what SimuniL 


More followed, including 3 poem m 
which he spectacularly rhymed the name 
of Ronald Reagan’s foreign trade czar, 
Clayton Yeutter, which few people knew 
how to pronounce, with “goiter, "■greet- 
er” and “Roio-RooteT (grater is the cor- 
rect rhyme). He also wrote a poem tweak- 
ing President George Bush for the way Jus 
“predicates were often prone/ to wander, 
nounless, off atone.” 

Trillin was already weD known in Ins 
family— the couple have two doubters m 
their 20s — for coming up with_festrve 
poetry at celebratory gatherings like holi- 
days, anniversaries and birthday parties. 
Many people are related to such poew. 
Triitin said, and they have no choice but to 
respond positively: “Spedal-occasc® .^: 
etry is always well received by the family. 

Both Trillins were enjoying their food 
very much, particularly dessert: a piece oi 
utngy lemon cake and a portion of choco- 
late pudding so creamy and so gooditeri a 
spurt of quiet gluttony ensued. The epex. 3 
friend of the Trillins, wouidn t reveal how 
to r refre it, even when Alic e wen t to the 
kitchen and asked for the recipe 

Evervone at Home knows about the 


Vrcj Sr**' TV "kori Tar 

Calvin Trillin- whose career in doggerel was inspired by the name “Suiuinu.” 


i.vs.1 TWUW . _ - 

Trillins and food, but the couple fed a bit 
terrorized by the reputation Trillin s cub- 
nar v books have given them. “People 
s wrieri calling in the middle of dinner and 
saving, ‘What's the best place to have 
coffee in the midtown area?’ ” Mrs. Trillin 
said. 

Trillin who now daims that he would 
“walk a mile to avoid writing about food," 
said that he almost didn't produce the 

third food book because he so dreaded the 

book tour, with its endJess questions about 
the relative merits of chili establishments 
in Cincinnati. 

“1 still bear you cm the phone,” Alice 
said, “trying to advise people where to eat. 
You’re much too nice about iL” 

Trillin said: “In my defense I'd like to 
say. I've been very rude. In my defense Fd 
like to say. I’ve been vicious. An ancient 
pregnant woman called and wanted to 
know where to take her sister who she 
hadn't seen in 40 years, and I told her to 
get losL" 

“You could no sooner do that . . 
Alice said. 

“I did that" said her husband. 

“Oh. sure." his wife replied. 


receive royalties from iL Trillin insists that 
the adjectives were completely appropri- 
ate under the circumstances. 

Parsimonious? Trillin says that Na- 
vasky. who ini Lai ly offered to pay 2 per- 
column fee in the “high two figures" be- 
fore grudgingly raising it to S 100. has a 
physical aversion to picking up a check. 
“Oh, he was rumbling under the table for 
his wallet," said irillin. recalling their 
lunch at Montana Eve. 

Wily? “Here's how clever he is.” Trillin 
said. "Here’s bow shrewd he is. He had 
just taken over as editor, and he said. ‘1 
have wo possible ideas for you.' They 
were the worst ideas. One was like a Bol- 
shevik gardening column — it was the 
dumbest idea I had e%er beard — and 1 
said: ‘Victor, that is really stupid. I would 

□ever write on that subject, if I wrote the 
column. If I wrote the column, I would 
write whatever wits on my mind.’ He slicks 
out his hand and says, ‘bone.’ The whole 
thing was a trap.” 

“1 love Victor." Alice Trillin said. “We 
both love him." 


“Alice,” Trillin said, "is really soft on 
Victor.” 

Old stories like this are likely to have 
appeared in a different form in one Trillin 
column or another. He writes about what 
he does, and talks about what he writes. 

Introduced 30 years ago at a party given 
by Navasky. they both work in their pro- 
crastination-filled home, she as a producer 
for children's idevisiotLi“We work really 
fast and in spurts," .Alice said, to which her 
husband replied. "That's a nice way erf 
saying that we have short attention 
spans." I 

They take each other out to lunch about 
three times a week. Trillin has a deadpan 
lugubriousness, a droopy, basset bound 
face, and eyes that glint slightly when he 
tells a joke; Alice has a quick laugh and 
blond hair and a luminous, wiy face that 
evokes a sunnier Glenn Gose.’She serves 
as critic, muse, cheerleader, literary inter- 
preter. straight person 2 nd buster-of-bnb- 
bies. Trillin' sen es as ham 


“Deadline Poet" is an account of Tril- 
lin's three and a half years of writing 


A Grey Haired Cranny? 
Lis Taylor, You Say? 

-If I ever thought about being 
60. 1 probably envisioned myself as 
a very graceful, gray-tow IHM 
oldSy," Efizabdb Tsytor. 6*, told 
the syndicated columnist Liz 
Smith. She also said she made her 
cameo appearance in "The bunt- 
s tones” so she could go to rae pw; 
mere and because “it was a giggle 
and “was just short enough not to 
be boring.” 

□ 

Rush Umtangh, 43. the ram- 
bunctious radio-and-TV personal- 
ity, has married Marta Fitzgerald. 
34,' an aerobics instructor from 
Honda. Supreme Court Justice 
Clarence Thomas tied the knot The 
couple met when Fitzgerald con- 
tacted the conservative Lnnbaugh 
to ask how to reply to a Rcagan- 
bashing history profess®. Among 
the wedding guests were former 
. Edu catio n Secretary Wffiam Ben- 
nett and the political adviser* 
James Carvflfe and Msiy Mauffin. 
The bride and groom, contrary 10 
some minors, did not substitute 
“ditto” for M l do.” - - . later in 
the weekend Matalin and Carville. 
who have been married six months, 
were talking up their book, “Love. 
War & the Art of Politics,” set for 
release in the fall, when Dr. Ruth 
handed than a sex-advice book. 
Matalin, looking at Can. rile: 
“Honey, we must be projecting.” 

□ 

The romantic novelist Barbara 
Cartiand, 92, has condemned as 
“insultin g and-ghastly” a new novel 
about auctions] affair between her 
Princess Di- 


*** 


But the author, Peter Lefeourt. de- 
fended his book as “a rather sweet 
romance.” 

□ 

Fans in Hong Kong’s Tsimsh at- 
ari tourist district jammed a street 
to catcha gEmpse of Sylvester Stal- 
lone, Brace WBKs, Don Johnson 
and the tmng fu star Jackie Cban at 
the opening of Asia's first Planet 
Hollywood restaurant, co-owned 
by NratVwv Willis and -Arnold 
Schwarzenegger- Stallone arrived 
in a rickshaw pulled by four wom- 
en. 


A 


1 1>TK RIVATI O ,WL 
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at Ihe end ol the week wch 
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1 


ACROSS 


1 Cremona 
violmmaker 
6 Henri's squeeze 
10 Tennis onus 
14 Quarrel 
is Siadium 
protests 

16 Wynken. 
Blynken and 
Nod. e.g. 

17 Criticize a 
prizefight* 5 

19 Small prock 

20 Transgression 


21 Blackmailed 

22ColdS!JCH 

24 Le Sage's 
-Gil — - 

25 One way ro run 

26 Instruments !o r 
RostroDomch 

29 Economic 
hostility 

xs Poet T. S. 

34 1 rumpeler At 

35 morgana 

(mirage) 

36 Highway 
caution 

37 Skater Sonja 


Solution lo Puzzle of Slav 30 


aqu a naa aanaa 
□□nas^HHOB □□□□ 
□□□OnHEISBQQDnBIIIQ 
noQEina : anan "inns 

sipx- QQClDv '0QQ ; 
OaBDDDQQQ, QQQQQ 

□an - >0sa - qbbbq 

□0DDI3 EJHn QE1QQ3 

soQinn ana ' aaa 

onaan naafsjuaiion 

□□□ >BQ[0B‘ 
□QBXBQQE3 OaaaBED 
BEifl BDinaB BdEnnoac] 
□ana: flUB B .* □□□no 
QBBor-aBBa i '□□□□ 


38 Laie king of 
Norway 

39 -| Got 

Nobody' (2D's 
hit* 

40 Mare's feed 

41 Jacques, in 
song 

42 Rings loudly 

44 Bell's srgnal 

46 Itineraries' 

Abbr. 

46 Handed-down 
stories 

47 Expensive 

50 Si! 

51 Word with date 
or process 

54 Imitator utile 

55 Boxing 
ccmmission? 

56 Medicinal olan: 

59 Killer whale 

60 'Hapcy 
Birthday' 
medium 

61 Cravings 

62 Shade of blue 

63 Cup ol the 


1 Clumsy boats 

2 Actor Paul 

3 Ever and 

4 Idiosyncrasy 


s Imagination 
tester 

6 French 
clergymen 

r * Indigo* 

BCtni 

9 Guesswork 

10 How hard 
Riddick Bowe 
can hit? 

11 Rock star 
Clapton 

12 Cash drawer 

13 Fileted fish 

16 ■What a pity! - 

23 Delivery letters 

24 Items used in 
“light’ boxing? 

25 “Mrs. Goes 

to Paris' 

26 Actor Romero 

27 'Dallas' 

matriarch 
Miss 

28 Detroit 
footballers 

29 Hues 

30 Charles's 
princedom 

31 Old name in 
game arcades 

32 “Nevermore" 
quofer 

34 Call al a coin flip 

37 Winnie -tfis-Pooh 
receptacle 


4i Awhile 48 Annoy 53 Fisher's 

43 Shoshonean 48 Religious image ' pos ’‘®* rd j| . 

44 Humorist Lazio » Peruvian Indian Fromtne 

48 Not an express ^g^ er ' sspo1 w SuH.x w.:m « a , : 
47 Oevoutly wish dispensers ® 7 Wood sorrel 


48 Not an express 
47 Devoutly wish 


57 Wood sorrel 




J : ? ? ? tf 

. . i ! ' 


Puola by Hogor H. Courtney 

© New York Times Edited by Will Sham. 


■>» v. f ' j - 1 

* J. i i 


AKf Access Numbers 
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1 L'sinp the cfuin Njioxi- rind the country yvnj ore calling from. 

2. Dial the corresponding AI5T .Access Number. 

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!h 


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conv enient Access Numbers on your right. 



ASIA 

Australia 

1-800-881-011 

Guam 

018-872 

India* 

000-117 

Indonesia* 

001-801-10 

Japan* 

U039-11) 

Korea 

009-11 

KoreaiA 

Malaysia* 

New Ze.tf.uid 

ir 

800-0011 

000-91 1 

Saipan* 

Singapore 

235-2872 
SOiMlI 11-111 

Taiwan* 

ThaiLind* 

0080-10288-0 

0019-991-1111 

EUROPE 

Armenia** 

8*14111 

Austria 022-90X111 

Bdgnun’ 

0800-100-10 

Bulgaria 

Croatia'* 

00-ISU04010 

99-38-0011 

Czech Rep 
Denmark* 

00-420-00101 

8001-0010 

France 


Germany 

0130-0010 

Greece* 

00800-1311 

Hungary* 

00a-800-01111 

Iceland* ■ 

999-001 

Ireland 

1-800-950-000 


Ukraine* 


Bahrain 

Cyprus* 

Israel 

Kuwait 

Lebanon (Beirut) 
Qatar 

Saudi Arabia 

Turkey* 

U.A.E.* 


Argentina* 

Belize^ 

Bolivia* 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 

Italy* 172-1011 

Liechtenstein* 155-00-11 

Lithuania* 8 a196 

LuKemboury 0-800-Q] 1 1 

Macedonia, F.YJt of 99-80O-V288 

Mala* 0800-80(1-110 

Monaco* Iga-OOll 

Netherlands* 06-0Z2-9111 

Norway 800-190-11 

Poland**** 0^010480-0111 

Portugal* 05017-1-288 

Romania 01-800-4288 

Russia*TMoscow) 155-5042 

Slovakia 0042000101 

Spain* 900-y9-00- 1 1 

Sweden* D2Q-7S>5-6xl 

Switzerland* 155-00-11 

UJC 0500-89-0011 

8*100-11 

MIDDLE EAST 

800-001 

080-00010 

177-100-2727 

gjj-gg 

Beirut) *2(^801 

08000U-T7 

I-8lA>-10 

00-800-12277 

800-121 

AMERICAS 

■ 001-80Q-J00-U 1 1 

555 

•>800-1112 


COUNTRY ACa 

Brazil 

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