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i: The World’s Daily Newspaper 

Paris, Monday, April 7, 1997 

Death and Disease Stalk Refugees in Zaire 

i ^n^ Wa ^^ an Z e ^ U ^ ee ’ awaiting medical help m Zaire. Rebels there have agreed to 

allow the refugees, who have been dying at a rate of 120 a day, to be airlifted from their territory. 

By James C. McKinley Jr. 

New >brtL Times Sen ice 

B1ARO, Zaire — His body was little more than a 
skeleton covered with wrinkled skin. His ribs 
showed through like a washboard all the way up to 
his collarbone. On his right knee, a gangrenous sore 
as big as a silver dollar leaked pus and blood over his 
swollen feet 

This was the end of the line for the 1 0-year-old 
Rwandan boy. His five-month flight ended here deep 
in the Zairian rain forest, hundreds of miles from his 
homeland. He could barely walk. He covered his 
head with a dirty cloth and bound up his loins with 

“All my family is dead.” said the boy. Jean Pierre 
Mundabashaka, leaning on a stick and looking up 
with hollow eyes. “Father, mother, ail my brothers 
and sisters. I want to go back to Rwanda. I have 
nobody. I am alone." 

All around him. thousands of other Rwandan 
refugees, driven here by war and now stranded by 
diplomatic impasse, bad built makeshift shelters of 
bamboo, palm fronds, plastic sheering. 

Inside some of the shelters, skeletal figures 
beckoned for water and waited for death. Sick and 
exhausted people were littered about the ground, 
sleeping on bundles of rags in the leafy- half-light and 
the smoke from cooking fires. 

There are freshly dug graves under the trees as 
well. United Nations officials estimate that 120 
refugees are dying each day among the 80.000 Hutu 
in camps along a slender dirt road running south 

See TREK. Page 7 

9&Are Slain in Algeria 
In Wave of Massacres 

Some Beheaded 

V VkitrtnA.^111 hr\ 

.ALGIERS — More than 90 civilians 
have been murdered by suspected Is- 
lamic guerrillas, including some who 
were beheaded with a chainsaw, in the 
worst such massacres in six months, 
witnesses and newspapers said Sun- 

The throats of most of the victims 
were cut. while others, including chil- 
dren and women, were decapitated with 
a chainsaw, according to witnesses cited 
by the papers. 

It was impossible to independently 
confirm the reports and the government 
has remained silent. 

The guerrilla attacks were carried out 
in a number of areas around the country 
on Thursday and Friday, the papers 

In Lhe biggest massacre. 50 attackers 
cm the throats of 52 people near Medea, 
south of .Algiers. Witnesses said the 
victims' ' homes were then burned. 

In nearby Amroussa. 15 more people 
suffered the same fate. Their bodies 
were then doused with gasoline and 

Eight people were killed in Kabylie, 

With Chainsaw 

east of Algiers, and four members of the 
same family were killed in M'Ridja. 
west of the capital. 

The killings came after a series of 
sweeps by government forces aimed at 
reducing Islamic militant activity be- 
fore general elections on June 5. 

President Liamine Zerouat had prom- 
ised the “extermination" of the mil- 
itants after 400 people were murdered 
during the holy month of Ramadan in 
January and February. 

Newspapers reported that more than a 
hundred extremists had been killed in 
police and army operations, including 
several leaders of Islamic groups. 

One of Algeria’s main fundamen- 
talist groups." the Islamic Front for 
Armed Jihad, recently named a new 
leader after the previous one was killed 
by the security forces. 

Exiled leaders of Algeria’s banned 
Islamic Salvaiion Front in Brussels, 
who called Wednesday for a boycott of 
the elections, charged that government 
infiltrators and rite Armed Islamic 
Group. Algeria's most radical funda- 
mentalist terror organization, were re- 
sponsible for the attacks. (AFP. APt 

IRA Steps Up Chaos Cai 


Grand National Rescheduled After Bomb Warnings 

Cmpded o*rSLtfFrm, DapaeSa than a week that actions attributed to the IRA 

LIVERPOOL — The Grand National, the brought chaos to Britain. On March 26, two 
world's most famous steeplechase, was resebed- explosions, and a series of coded warnings para- 
uled for Monday, two days after, it was aban- . Iyzed major railroad routes. Two more bombs 
doned because of bomb warnings that forced and more warnings did the same for die highway 
70.000 fans to evacuate the Aiotree racecourse, network bn Thursday. 

Thousands who were stranded when Sat- After die two bombs exploded beside the 
urday’s race was abandoned left makeshift Lon don-Manchester railroad line at Wilmslow, 
overnight shelters Sunday to retrieve their cats the police said the chance of further IRA attacks 
from toe cordoned-off racetrack. The coarse was ares “very high." 

evacuated after two coded bomb warnings were The tactic drew die condemnation of the lead- 

received just 30 minutes beforethe 150th edition ers of the two principal British parties now in the 
of the race at Airitree was to begin. campaign for the May 1 national election. While 

The incident was believed ro be the work, of British policy io Northern Ireland is by tra- 
the Irish Republican Apny, which is fighting to ' ditipnal agreement not a campaign issue in na- 
end British rule in' Nortfaemireland. No group fipnal elections, the IRA is presumed to berrying 
has claimed responsibility for the warnings. ~ to- impress ; upon British politicians the need to 

Saturday’s action drewtlteattenfianofa large include its political representatives, leaders of 
audience. The BBC estimated that its broadcast the Sirin Fein party, in talks they have been 
of the event would have reached 250 million 

people. This was die third . time 'in a little more See ERA, Page 7 

From Bowels of the Earth, Microbes Hint at Origins of Life 

participants in this multinational, multiplanet- 
ary, multidisciplinary quest are hoping to learn 
the nature of the cosmic Mother Cell, the uni- 
versal ancestor of all life. 

Public interest in extremophiies has been 
heightened by a report last August that signs of 
anciem microbial life might have been found in a 
Mars meteorite that fell to Earth. And discov- 
eries about the extremophiies, in rum. have 
intensified interest in the implications of that 
controversial rock- 

Wheiher or nor the hints of life in the rock are 
confirmed, scientists say. the blossoming un- 

See EXTREME, Page 7 

By Kathy Sawyer 

Washington Past Service 

_ WASHINGTON — They are as alien as any- 
thing imaginable. They thrive above boOing-hot 
vents on the deep-sea floor, and thousands of feet 
below die polar ice, and more than 9,000 feet 
beneath Virginia's top soil. They can swim in 
acid, eat sulftir and draw energy flora rock. They 
have captivated some of the world's, best 

- Meet the extremophiies. They are a vast pop- 
ulation of microscopic creatures that inhabit 
othezworlc&y realms beneath Earth's surface 
where, until 20 years ago, scientists assumed no 

life could survive. Now, aided by newly avail- 
able Cold War military technologies, researchers 
are chaining up one revelation after another 
about their bizarre character. 

This work is transforming science and shat- 
tering old assumptions about the nature of life, 
the ease with which life arises and where it might 
exist — - not only on Earth button other worlds. 

“We’re in a major discovery mode. This is 
going to tell us about the origin of organisms, the 
origins of life, the evolution of organisms and 
what sorts of metabolic processes could occur on 
other planets,” said John Baross of the Uni- 
versity of Washington in Seattle, who in the 
1980s Led the discovery of extremophile com- 

munities living in superheated waters spewing 
from so-called deep-sea smokers. “This is a total 
revolution in microbiology.” 

The growing realization of the importance of 
extremophiies (lovers of extremes) has been 
inspired by a series of startling discoveries in 
recent years by many different kinds of scientists 
working separately — from microbiologists and 
geochemists to oceanographers and astro- 

The government is financing several new re- 
search programs based on the tantalizing 
premise that, if these diverse groups all work 
together, they can comprehend the nature of life 
at its fundamental level. Among other things. 

Police officers examining cars at Aintree racecourse Sunday after bomb warnings, 
presumably by the IRA, forced the evacuation of 70,000 people on Saturday. 


j Allen Ginsberg, Master Poet of the Beats, Dies at 70 

V. . . . . 

As the critic John Leonard observed: “He is, 
of course, a social -bandit. But he is a nonviolent 
social bandit. ' ' The author and fellow Beat icon 

W illiam Burroughs said: “He was a pioneer of 

of the Flower Children years, Mr. ■ openness and a lifelong model of candor. He 
Ginsbera was also in die vanguard of the polit- stood for freedom of expression and for commg 

- & “ -« — J out of all the closets long before others did. He 

has influence because he said what he believed. 
I will miss him.” Page 2. 

Allen Ginsberg, 70, whose poem “Howl! 
became the manifesto of the Beat Generation, 
has died in New York. A ubiquitous presence at 
the love-ins and be-ins of the drug-oriented 

ical protest movements they helped spawn. He 
marched against the war in Vietnam, the CIA 
and the shah of Iran, among other causes. 

Netanyahu Travels to Washington to Meet Clinton 


A Witch-Hunl in Russia 

ASIA/PACinC ■ p * flo4 ' 

VS. Probes F fcfl Fraud in Hong Kong 

Books — 

Crossword — * 

Opinion — 


international Classified 

Pages 18-20. 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel 
traveled to the United States on Sunday for crisis 
talks with President Bill Clinton, refusing to 
scrap the construction of a Jewish settlement in 
East Jerusalem that has ignited Palestinian fury. 

Clashes have erupted nearly every day since 
Israel broke ground March 18 at the site of the 
settlement, which is on land that each side 
cl aims as its own. 

Meanwhile, Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian 
leader,- left for India to urge nations in the 
Nooaligned Movement 4 ‘to support Palestinian 
political rights and condemn the Israeli set- 
tlement activity.” Page 9. 

Mr. Ginsberg reading from his most famous poem outside a Washington court in 1994. 

Ousted Leader 
Still a Power in 
Serbian Bosnia 

Karadzic Is Said to Enrich 
Himself and Keep Control 

By Chris Hedges 

.Vtni- Yurk Times Serxice 

BANJA LUKA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — The 
former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, 
whohas been indicted on charges of war crimes, 
oversees- a monopoly on the sale of gasoline, 
cigarettes and other goods in Serbian-controlled 
areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina that earns him mil- 
lions of dollars while depriving the government 
of tax revenues. Western diplomats and senior 
Bosnian Serb officials say. 

The officials said that Mr. Karadzic controls the 
monopoly through two companies he runs with 
Momcilo Krajisnik, the Serbian member of the 
three-man Bosnian presidency. The companies' 
documents do not list either man. and Mr. Krajis- 
nik has denied any persona] gain from business 
activities in the Serbian enclave. But Bosnian Serb 
officials contend thar the two men run the compa- 
nies to enrich themselves and their loyalists in the 
security forces at the expense of both Serbian- 
controUed Bosnia and Bosnia as a whole. 

The officials expressed resentment that in- 
come from the sales of those commodities was 
taxed by neither the joint Muslim-Croac-Serb 
administration set up by the 1995 Dayton peace 
accords to govern Bosnia nor by the local Bos- 
nian Serb government. 

Especially upset is Mr. Karadzic's successor 
as president of the Bosnian Serb enclave. Biljana 
Plavsic, who has seen her authority undercut as 
revenue from these enterprises has gone to buy 
the loyalty of the Bosnian Serb police. 

“The state has no control over the economy,” 
Mrs. Plavsic said in an interview in her office in 
Banja Luka. “Some private persons are making 
a lot of money behind the scenes and should be 
obliged to pay the state. I have given the order to 
investigate this, bur unfortunately certain in- 
stitutions. including the police, are involved. 

“This monopoly does not just include cig- 
arettes and gasoline, but extends to things such as 
building materials and cattle. ” she continued. 
“Things are not being done correctly. If we can’t 
raise taxes we have no future. We can't hope to 

The monopoly has also angered international 
donors, who say the enclave has become little 
more than the two men’s private fief. And many 
diplomats are smoldering at Mr. Karadzic’s con- 
tinued defiance of calls for him to relinquish 
power, as required under the 1 995 Dayton peace 

Mr. Karadzic, shortly before the Bosnian elec- 
tions last fall, agreed under intense international 
pressure- to step down from the leaderehip of the 
Bosnian Serb enclave and his Serbian Demo- 
cratic Party. But his forced retirement apparently 
did little to diminish his actual grip on power or 
his influence within the party. 

“This is the final straw,” said a senior West- 
ern diplomat. “The Bosnian Serb leadership has 
failed to implement nearly every aspeci of the 
peace agreement and on top of this bilks the 
enclave it controls to get rich while its own 

See BOSNIA, Page 7 

Mft mmstand Prices 

. .10.00 FF Morocco 16 ** 

..1250 FF Qatar 10.00 Wats 

1.600 CFA Reunion 1250 FF 

....EE 5.50 gaud Arabia. -10.00 R. 
.,10.00 FF g 8 negaU„.1-l00CFA 
1100 CF A g^^jssPTAS 

TuSia 1250 Pin 

f^^UAE- 10JXJDM1 

Clinton’s Take on His Crusade Against Vice: It’s for the Children 

By R.W. Apple Jr. 

New York Hoes Service 

WASHINGTON — Not for many a 
day has a presidenifried as hand as Bill 
Clinton to save Americans from their, 
bad habits, like smoking and drinking, 
no matter how much zeal other Amer- 
icans have brought to cnisades against 
this vice or thaL > . 

• Calvinism, it is true, lay at the center 
of life in . the early years of the Re- 

But after the Civil War, organized 
religion became a less propulsive force 
in U.S. politics. The exception was the 
Prohibitionist, movement during and 


justafier World War L its success 
stemmed in part from.religious fervor 
but also from the anti-German (and thus 
anti-beer) feelings of tbs day. 

At no point in this century have pres- 
idents appointed themselves chiefs of 

the vice police. Most have found it 
politically expedient, if not personally 
uplifting, to attend church Sunday and 
hold the occasional prayer breakfast. 
But that is not the same thing as seeking 
to make the nation more virtuous by dint 
of legislation, which most politicians 
have avoided since the unhappy ex- 
perience of Prohibition. 

Now comes Mr. Clinton, apresideiu 
with a surprising and very different ap- 
proach, . . 

Immediately after his re-election, he 

denounced as “simply irresponsible” 
the liquor industry ’s decision to resume 
broadcast advertising after a voluntary 
ban of half a century. By doing so, the 
president said, the industry would ex- 
pose children to temptation “before 
they know how to handle alcohol.” 
When that produced no results, he asked 
the Federal Communications Commis- 
sion last week to look into the matter. 

Mr. Clinton’s new anti-alcohol cru- 
sade parallels his fight against tobacco. 
Last August, surrounded in die White 

House Rose Garden by children wear- 
ing T-shirts reading "Tobacco-Free 
Kids.” he said that the government now 
considers nicotine an addictive drug, 
subject to regulation. Last month, he 
announced rules requiring ID checks of 
buyers under the age of 27. 

In addition, the president has sought 
to give the government a role in reg- 
ulating pornography — on television, 
through ihe V-chip. and on the Internet, 

See ZEAL, Page 7 



W r itch-Hunt in Russia / Where Black Magic Thrives 

‘Sorcery’ and a Murder in a Forgotten Village 

By Michael Specter 

Ne h- York Times Service 

T EREKHO VO, Russia — There is really 
no mystery about what happened in this 
forgotten village on the night of Feb. 22. 
Sasha Lebyodkin and his terrified neph- 
ew. Sergei Gretsov, went on a witch-hunt. 
Armed with hammers and knives, they entered 
the house of the woman who they said had cast a 
spell on them and started swinging. 

When they were done, one woman was dead 
— the first murder here since the revolution — 
and four of her five children were on their way to 
the hospital. The 22 -year-old woman whose life 
they were after, Tanya Tarasova, suffered sev- 
eral hammer blows to the bead, but survived. 

Saying they were spooked by wild, half-hu- 
man beasts and dogged by incantations that set 
their eyes on fire, the killers were not reluctant to 
admit what they had done. With mysticism and 
sorcery a pervasive fact of modem Russian life, 
the other residents of this village on the border 
with Ukraine were not a bit surprised. 

“We went there to kill the entire family." the 
two men said in a joint statement the next day. 
“Because Tanya has used her black magic and 
sent ruination upon us." 

So far, the only legal proceeding to arise from 
the attack has come from Mr. Lebyodkin’s wife. 
Larissa, who has sued Miss Tarasova, for “put- 
ting a hex on my husband and destroying him," 
she said. 

“This would all be meaningless,” said Gen- 
nadi Chekaldin. the police officer who has been 
given the unpleasant task of trying to “solve’ ’ the 
crime. “But you can't find anyone here to tell you 
that witchcraft wasn't involved in this killing. In 
fact, you can go anywhere in Russia these days 
and witchcraft is a daily part of life." 

At times, Russia seems governed as much by 
superstition as by democracy. One the nation's 
most popular weekly television programs, “The 
Third Eye,” hosted by Mikhail Andreyev, the 
president of the Association of White Magicians, 
is a straight, factual discussion of how sorcery 
and witchcraft can improve daily life. 

Major national newspapers advertise the ser- 
vices of clairvoyants, witches and warlocks 
every day. Well-trained doctors at respected 

hospitals see nothing unusual in recommending 
that their patients take a trip to a babka, an old 

woman with the power to heal. Until late last 
year. General Georgi Rogozin was in charge of a 
team of Kremlin staff astrologers whose sole job 
was to help guide President Boris Yeltsin in 
making decisions. 

“We have had in this country a very long 
period of total absence of spiritual education. 

\lidad (few Vrt Toon 

Maria Pashenko, who some believe has the power to heaL blessing Gennadi 
Chekalduu, the police inspector , at her home in the village of Terekhovo . 

and people completely forget what religion 
really means.” said the Reverend Alexander 
Bulekov of the Moscow patriarchate of the Rus- 
sian Orthodox Church, explaining the power of 
pagan belief here. “People have lost their spir- 
itual immunity to resist evil. They have become 
confused and they often have trouble knowing 
what is good and bad.” 

A SKED if beliefs in witchcraft were 
more prevalent in remote, rural areas. 
Father Bulekov said no. “We witness 
it far more often in the cities.” he said. 
“In villages, the old altitudes toward the church 
are still alive and immunity against evil is better 

Still, the story of the Terekhovo witch-hunt is 
a tale out of the Middle Ages. 

Miss Tarasova is a young woman who kept to 

herself in a village of only 100 people. That was 
suspicion No. 1. She has a lazy eye, a common 
enough problem, but one often viewed as a sign 
of the demon to those devoted to pagan beliefa. 
She was remote — and most damning, often took 
long, solitary walks in the woods. 

After she had a tew dates with Sergei Gretsov, 
a local woodcutter, he started to have horrible 
visions. His mother said Miss Tarasova had put a 
curse on Sergei because he would not marry her. 

“He would wake up in the night screaming 
and afraid,” his mother. Galina Gretsov, said in 
an interview. “Every day it would get worse. He 
said he saw her face on the bead of a beast with 
enormous horns. He would sweat and scream 
and beg me to look at the beast. Of course I never 
saw it.” 

Mr. Gretsov sought the aid of his uncle, Mr. 
Lebyodkin, who said he also came under Miss 

Tarasova’s spell. Prompted by his wife, the three 
took the houriong bus ride to see Maria Pashen- 
ko, 70. the region's most respected babka. 

“The young one told me be was haunted by a 
beast and that whenever he went to the forest the 
beast was there,” Mrs. Pashenko said in an 
interview in which she abruptly pulled a large 
silver cross from her bedcovers and began cast- 
ing a “good” spell on Che people in the room. 
“He said he wanted to get married but the evil 
eye was on him and the beast had prevented him 
from going back near the girL” 

Only one clear fact has emerged from the 
crimes: The lives of half a dozen people have 
been rained over tbe belief in magic. 

Miss Tarasova, interviewed in tbe hospital 
where sbe is recuperating from the attack, denies 
being a witch. Site said she never wants to return 
to her village and she cannot understand why a 
young man sbe liked would try to kill her. 


ER uncle. Stepan Kopilov, is 70. He 
has lived through the Bolsheviks and 

the hunger of farm collectivization. He 

has lived through the painful up- 

heavals of Mr. Yeltsin’s reform program. But 1 
has never seen anything as agonizing as this. 

“These men killed my sister,” he said, stand- 
ing in the house where Miss Tarasova’s mother. 
Raisa Tarasova, died. ‘ 'They talk of black magic 
and horrible spells. She was a decent woman 
who worked every living day. These men are the 
ones who are evil.” 

Tbe police do not know what to make of the 

■ “We can’t just tell everyone in this town that 
magic is nonsense,” Mr. Chekaldin said, even 
though it is clear that he would like to. “But we 
have to bring justice.” 

The two men who committed the crimes are 
now being held in die nearby city of Kursk, 
where they have been examined by psychiatrists, 
who have yet to issue a final report on them. 

Mrs. Pashenko, die babka, swears that while 
she can recognize the “evil eye,” she never uses 
il '‘I cast only good spells. I cure people and help 
them with my special waters, ' ’ she said. “I never 
use the evil eye.” 

She said site had nothing to do with the attack 
— although she acknowledges that die two men 
and Mrs. Lebyodkin came to her after it. 

’‘Larissa was sitting here, and I asked what 
happened.” sbe said, making it clear by her 
facial gestures that Mis. Lebyodkin was in deep 
distress. “She was scared but she could not 
speak. I had to put her eyes and her nose and her 
mouth back in their right places. 1 used special 
waters. I asked what happened but nobody could 
speak. They just said nothing.” 

U.S. Warns 
Beijing on 
Renewal of 
Trade Status 


CEBU. Philippines — U.S. Treasury 
Secretary Robert Rubin, stressing the r 
importance of human rights in China:’ 
and the maintenance of broad freedoms 
in Hong Kong, warned Beijing on 
Sunday that the Clinton administration 
faced a tough time in winning renewal 
of its trade privileges. . 

“This is going to be a more difficult 
process this rime than last.” Mr. Rubin 
said he told Finance Minister Liu 
Zhongli of China during an hour-long 
meeting during a gathering of Asia- 
Pacific finance ministers. ' 

The administration has already made 
clear that it will seek congressional ap- 

S al of most-favored-nation status for 
a when it comes up for annual 
renewal in June. 

But allegations that China illegally 
tried to influence the 1996 presidential 
election, coupled with ongoing con- 
cerns about its human rights record and 
large trade surplus with the United. * 
States, mean approval is not assured. * ' 
Mr. Rubin said he did not raise the 
issue of campaign contributions in his 
meeting with Mr. Liu, noting that the it 
haH already been aired with the Chinese 
by Vice President A1 Gore and Sec- 
retary of State Madeleine Albright. 

He said that about half of his meeting 
with Mr. Liu was taken up by a dis- 
cussion of human rights in China and by 
Hong Kong, which will be handed over 
to Beijing by Britain on July 1. 

Mr. Rubin argued that international 
banks and other financial institutions 
would take account of the rule of law, 
freedom of expression and human rights 
in Hong Kong in deciding how much of. 
a presence to have there after the handle 

Mr. Liu listened intently to the com- 
ments, but made no clear response, Mr. 
Rubin said. 

He said be also highlighted the im- 
portance that the United States attaches 
to h uman rights issues and told Mr. Liu 

they would play a major role in the 
s. “There will be a 

congressional debate. 

heightened focus on that in tbe context 
of the MFN debate,” Mr. Rubin said. 

Allen Ginsberg, 70, Poet-Prophet of Beat Generation, Dies 


By Wilbora Hampton 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Allen 
Ginsberg, 70, the poet laureate 
of the Beat Generation whose 
“ Howl I” became a manifesto 
for the sexual revolution and a 
cause cdlfebre for free speech 
in the 1950s, eventually earn- 
ing its author a place in Amer- 
ica's literary pantheon, died 
here early Saturday. 

He died of liver cancer, 
said Bill Morgan, a friend and 
the poet's archivist. 

Mr. Morgan said that Mr. 
Ginsberg wrote right to the 
end. “He’sworidngonalotof 
poems, talking to old friends,” 
Mr. Morgan said Friday. 
* ‘He’s in vety good spirits. He 
wants to write poetry and fin- 
ish his life’s work.” 

William Burroughs, one of 

Mr. Ginsberg's lifelong 
friends and a fellow Beat, said 
that Mr. Ginsberg’s death was 
“a great loss to me and to 

“We were friends for more 
than 50 years,” Mr. Bur- 
roughs said. “Allen was a 
great person with worldwide 
influence. He was a pioneer of 

openness and a lifelong model 
or candor. " 



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He stood for free- 
dom of expression and for 
coining out of all the closets 
long before others did. He has 
influence because he said what 
he believed. I will miss him.” 

As much through the 
strength of his own irrepress- 
ible personality as through his 
poetry, Mr. Ginsberg provided 
a bridge between the Under- 
ground and die Transcendent- 
al. He was as comfortable in 
the ashrams of Indian gurus in 
the 1 960s as be had been in the 
Beat coffeehouses of the pre- 
ceding decade. 

A ubiquitous presence at 
the love-ins and be-ins of the 
drug-oriented counterculture 
of die Rower Children years, 
Mr. Ginsberg was also in the 
vanguard of the political 
protest movements they 
helped spawn. He marched 
against the war in Vietnam, 
the CIA and the shah of Iran, 
among other causes. 

If his early verse shocked 
Eisenhower’s America with 
its celebration of homosexu- 
ality and drugs, his involve- 
ment in protests kept him in 
the public eye and fad am- 
munition to his critics. 

But through it all. Mr. 
Ginsberg maintained a sort of 
teddy bear quality that deflec- 
ted much of the indignation 
he inspired. 

He was known around the 
world as a master of the out- 
rageous. He read his poetry 
and played finger cymbals at 
the Albert Hall in London: he 
was expelled from Cuba after 
saying he found Che Guevara 
“cute”; he sang duets with 
Bob Dylan, and he chanted 
“Hare Krishna” on William 
Buckley's television program. 

As the critic John Leonard 
observed in a 1988 appreci- 
ation: “He is, of course, a 
social bandit. But he is a non- 
violent social bandit.'* 

Or as the narrator in Saul 
Bellow's “Him With His 
Foot in His Mouth” said of 
Mr. Ginsberg: “Under all this 
self-revealing candor is pur- 
ity of heart. And the only au- 

consider his finest poem. 

S/range now to think of 

you, gone without corsets 
eyes, while / walk on the 
sunny pavement of Green - 
wich Village. 

downtown Manhattan, 
clear winter noon, and I've 
been up all night, talking, 
talking, reading the Kaddish 
aloud, listening to Ray 


I saw the best minds of my generation des- 
troyed by madness, starving hysterical naked, 
dragging themselves through the negro streets 
at dawn looking for an angry fix, 
angelheaded hipsters burning for the ancient 
heavenly connection to the starry dynamo in 
the machinery of night ... 

thentic living representative 
of American Transcendental- 
ism is that fat-breasted, bald, 
bearded homosexual in 
smeared goggles, innocent in 
his uncleanness.'' 

J. D. McClatchy, a poet and 
the editor of Tbe Yale Re- 
view, said Saturday: “Gins- 
berg was the best-known 
American poet of his gener- 
ation, as much a social force 
as a literary phenomenon. 

“Like Whitman, he was a 
bard in the old manner — out- 
sized, darkly prophetic, part 
exuberance, part prayer, pan 
rant. His work is finally a his- 
tory of our era’s psyche, with 
all its contradictory urges.” 

Allen Ginsberg was bora 
June 3, 1926, in Newark. New 
Jersey, and grew up in Pa- 
terson. New Jersey, the 
second son of Louis Gins- 
berg. a schoolteacher and 
sometime poet and the 
former Naomi Levy, a Rus- 
sian dmigree and fervent 

Three years after her death. 
Mr. Ginsberg wrote “Kaddish 
for Naomi Ginsberg (1894- 
1956),” an elegy that many 

Charles blues shout blind on 
the phonograph 
the rhythm , the rhythm — 
and your memory in my head 
three years after — 

“Kaddish” — the title 
refers to a Jewish prayer for 
the dead — burnished a repu- 
tation that had been forged 
with the publication of 
“Howl!” three years earlier. 
The two works established Mr. 
Ginsberg as a major voice in 
what came to be known as the 
Beat Generation of writers. 

Enrolling in Columbia 
University, he fell in with a 
crowd that included Jack Ker- 
ouac. a former student four 
years his senior, Lurien Carr 
and William Burroughs, and 
later, Neal Cassady . a railroad 
worker who had literary as- 
pirations. Together they 
Formed the nucleus of whar 
would become the Beats. 

Mr. Kerouac and Mr. Carr 
became the poet's mentors 
and Mr. Kerouac and Mr. 
Cassady became his lovers. It 
was also at Columbia that Mr. 
Ginsberg began to experiment 
with mind-altering drugs, 
which would gain widespread 

use in the decade to follow 
and which Mr. Ginsberg 
would celebrate in his verse; 
along with his homosexuality' 
and his immersion in Eastern 
transcendental religions. 

After leaving Columbia, 
Mr. Ginsberg first went to 
work for a Madison Avenue 
advertising agency. 

The poet said he decided to 
give up the corporate world 
“when ray shrink asked me 
what would make me happy.” 
He hung his gray flannel suit 
in the closet and went to San 
Francisco with six months of 
unemployment insurance in 
his pocket San Francisco was 
then the center of consider- 
able literary energy. He took a 
room around the corner from 
City Lights. Lawrence Fer- 
linghetti s bookstore and un- 
derground publishing house, 
and began to write. 

During this period Mr. 
Ginsberg also became part of 
tiie San Francisco literary 
circle that included the au- 
thor, critic and painter Ken- 
neth Rexroth, Gary Snyder, 
Michael McClure, Philip 
Whalen, Robert Duncan and 
Philip Lamantia. He also met 
Peter Orlovsky, who would 
be his companion for the next 
30 years. 

His first major work from 
San Francisco was “Howl!” 
The long poem expressed the 
anxieties and ideals of a gen- 
eration alienated from main- 
stream society. “Howl!,” 

which was to become Mr. 
Ginsberg's most famous 
jjoem. begins: 

/ saw the best minds of my 
generation destroyed by mad- 
ness. starving hysterical na- 
ked . 

dragging themselves 
through the negro streets at 
dawn looking for an angry 
fix, ■ 

angelheaded hipsters 
burning for the ancient heav- 
enly connection to the starry 
dynamo in the machinery of 

With its open and often 
vivid celebration of homo- 
sexuality and eroticism, 
“Howl!” was impounded by 
U.S. Customs agents and Mr. 
Ginsberg was tried on ob- 
scenity charges. 

After a long trial, Judge 
Clayton Horn ruled that the 
poem was not without “re- 
deeming social importance.” 

Mr. Ginsberg tried to ex- 
plain the aims ofthe Beats in a 
letter to his father in 1957: 
“Whitman long ago com- 
plained that unless tbe ma- 
terial power of America were 
leavened by some kind of 
spiritual inftision, we would 
wind up among tbe * fabled 

“We’re approaching that 
state as far as I can see. Only 
way out is individuals taking 
responsibility and saying 
what they actually feel. 
That's what we as a group 
have been trying to do.” 

Italy Braces for Transport Strikes . 

RQME Two.weeksof transport strikes starting Monday 
loomed for travelers in Italy, with air traffic controllers, train 

workers, bus drivers and gas station owners all calling 

Controllers in 11 Italian airports including Milan's Mal- 
pensa. which mainly handles international flights, called ah 
eight-hour strike for Monday. Rome’s Leonardo da Vinci 
airport was not among the airports. 

Another air-traffic controller strike was set for Wednesday. 
Bus. subway and tram drivers called a national, one-day strike 
for Thursday. Gas station owners begin a strike scheduled to 
run from April 14 until April 18. Train engineers called a 24-" 
hour strike starting the evening of April 19, and ferry workers 4 ' 
planned several days of strikes that same week. ; 

Reasons for the strikes range from stalls in contract renewal 
talks to restructuring plans. (AP) 

A common gastrointestinal virus was responsible for 
sickening more than 350 passengers and crew aboard a 
Norwegian Caribbean Cruise Line vessel. Royal Odyssey, 
during a 10-day Caribbean cruise, a health official sai(l 
Saturday. ( Reuters ) 

Nearly 15,000 bos operators in New Delhi will join a 
nationwide strike Monday by truck operators, which entered 
its sixth day on Sunday. (Reuters) 

Hong Kong and the United States will sign an air service? 
pact next week to ensure smooth air link!? after China regains 
sovereignty over the territory in July, officials said. (AFP) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services* 
curtailed in tbe following countries and their dependencies 
tins week because of national and religious holidays: - . - 

MONDAY: Annenia. Mozambique, Nepal, Rwanda, Sedan, rturijaad. • 

TUESDAY: Maori** ; 

WEDNESDAY: Georgia, Indonesia. Philippines, TnnMa. > 

FRIDAY: Costa Rica, Liberia. 

Sources: JJ 3 . Morgan, Reuters, Bloomberg. 


German Passport Holders 
heading for Singapore in 
April. 50% off at the 
stylish boutique hotel in 
Orchard Road, Singapore. 



A Mtmbtr ,i f Far East Urg istcMm 

S3 - For HrtrrvaiioKs 
Fsax : ( 65 ) 732 3866 
lacntt : fnp:/fewwJaiE 2 dxom.sgno!eti 
E-mail : rBz 2 tprt?parilicji&sg 

Style, Sounds, 
Dining, Arts. 

Hemlines, jazz, restaurants and art 

the past year’s articles from the 
IHT can be found on our site 

on the World Wide Web. 

’ • • • 


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Middle East 

Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWaelher. 

North America 

A developing storm spawn 
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snow to the mountains of 
Montane, Wyoming and 
Colorado Tuesday and 

Much of western Europe 

will remain predpttstidn- 
day through 

Colorado Tuesday and 
Wednesday. Dry and cMly 
weather wl s tretc h along 
the Eastern Seaboard. 

Sumy, dry awatfwr rrM be 

Southeast and 
the Padflc Northwest. 

free Tuesday through 
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London and Pane. Cold air 
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on any day in Madrid. 


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57 Bills on Campaign Finance All Upset Someone 

By Adam Clymer 

New York Times Service 


are not so sure. J 

iJtiZJp ^ *^2 m *** system, most dra- 
matically tbe Clinton presidential cam- 

patgn s unrestrained pursuit last year of "soft 
mraey, the unregulated gifts to political 
parties from individuals, corporations and 
anions, many representatives and senators 
see me same redeeming virtue in leaving the 
laws alone: This system got them elected. 

cnVY h??*- spending limits. Repre- 
sentative Martin Meehan, said, “Members 
not going to change a system that benefits 
them unless they feel they have no choice." 

But no proposal has widespread support 
Ine measure the Massachusetts Democrat 
barks, which would entice candidates into 
accepting voluntary limits on spending in 
exchange for free television time, discounted 
television time and mailings, has Che citizens 
lobby Common Cause and the editorial pages 
of many newspapers behind it, but almost no 
Republicans, except Senator John McCain of 
Arizona and its co-sponsor. Representative 
Christopher Shays of Connecticut. 

Most other Republican lawmakers gen- 
erally oppose spending limits and want to 
retain the soft-money system, which tbe bill 
Mr. Meehan backs seeks to ban. 

House Democrats have a bdi patterned od 
tbe voluntary limit measure, but h seeks to 
preserve the role of political action com- 
mittees, diminis hed under the Median-Shays 
bill. This bill, introduced by Representative 
Sam Farr of California, also retains the prac- 
tice of "bundling" checks, in which a com- 
mittee solicits checks for a candidate from 
individuals and sends them along even though 
the total exceeds, the committee contribution 
limit of $5,000. Those provisions matter so 
much to 

dumps of House 
Democrats that they 
probably would 
block any legislation 
to defend them. 

One plan calls for abolishing 
all limits on contributions. 

Senate Republicans have shown no par- 
ticular interest in any piece of legislation. 
One. NGtch McConnell of Kentucky , said k ‘a 
sticking point will be requiring organized 
labor to operate only with voluntarily con- 
tributed money." 

“I hope that won't be a killer provision for 
Democrats," he said. “It’s only elementary 
fairness." Democrats disagree. 

That issue is emblematic of the problem in 
changing campaign laws. Republicans 
strongly dislike labor’s ability to use union 
dues to buy television advertisements at- 
tacking their candidates. But they have sur- 
vived it, and probably their collective desire 
to outlaw die practice is weaker than the 
Democrats’ will to resist 

Such divisiveness applies to most of the 57 

measures introduced in the first three months 
of this Congress. Almost every one seems to 
have at least some provisions that provoke 
more opposition than support. 

It has been 23 years since Congress un- 
dertook big change when Watergate led to the 
adoption of public financing of presidential 
campaigns, while, at House insistence, re- 
jecting die same for Congress. 

Mr. McCain, conceding that the fight was 
an uphill one, called the variety of bills 

“I view it. very 
frankly, as a hopeful 
sign,” he said. “I 
don’t think they 

would be introducing 

them if there weren’t pressure.” 

The Republican senator is the sponsor, 
with a Democratic colleague. Russell Fein- 
gold of Wisconsin, of the most talked-about 
of the 57 varieties of campaign legislation 
filed so far, and more on the way now that the 

S g break for Congress is ending. Mc- 
-Feingold has modest differences from 
the Meehan-Shays bill, mostly in being less 
tolerant of candidates' raising money in 
large contributions (more than $200). 

One proposal that will be filed soon in the 
Senate is an honest-to-goodness public fi- 
nancing measure, supported by Democrats 
including Paid Wellstone of Minnesota and 
John Kerry of Massachusetts. They are 
working from a plan offered by Ellen Miller, 
a veteran campaign spending analyst. 

Under the proposal, candidates who agree 
to limit their spending would ge* public 
money and cut-rate television time. Sup- 
porters argue that the public would ultimately 
support such an approach, though their abil- 
ity to put that hope to a test is uncertain in a 
day when Senator Trent Loti of Mississippi, 
the majority leader, scoffs at public financing 
as “food stamps for politicians.” Supporters 
also want to strengthen the Federal Election 
Commission, which Congress created and 
maintains as a toothless tiger. 

Another idea comes from four scholars and 
a former journalist Their approach concedes 
that Republicans will successfully resist lim- 
its and that public financing is somewhere 
over the horizon . So they concentrated on 
Dying to encourage small contributions and 
prohibiting the use of soft money. They urge 
raising the limit on individual contributions to 
candidates for a campaign, unchanged since 
1974. to S2.500 or S3.000 from SI .000. 

One of the scholars. Norman Omsiein of the 
American Enterprise Institute, said: “The al- 
ternatives. from the aptly named Doolinle plan 
all the way over to McCain- Feingold. not to 
mention constitutional amendments and full 
public financing, are going nowhere. What we 
have is balanced, and it does not generate 
visceral opposition from either side.” 

The plan that he scorned comes from 
Representative John Doolittle, who proposes 
abolishing all existing limits cm contribu- 
tions. The California Republican argues that 
prompt disclosure is all the system needs. 

Watergate for Sale 

U.S. to Pay Estate $26 Million 
For Nixons White House Records 

Bv Ken Rinele 
and Cfeorge Larffner Jr. 

lllsiAu,- Pits: Sin hr 

Protesters in Pittsburgh 
Condemn Rally by Klan 

New York Times Service 

, PITTSBURGH — About 50 members of the Ku Klnx Klan 
and assorted other far-right groups staged an hour-long rally 
'here, angering thousands of onlookers who screamed at them 
and occasionally threw stones. 

In large measure, tbe rally in central Pittsburgh was peace- 
ful. The Pittsburgh police chief, Robert McNeilly, said that 
v four officers were hurt, including one who was hit in the eye 
with a rock, and that three people indie crowd were arrested on 
charges of disorderly conduct 

For the Klan members and their colleagues, many wearing 
white robes and some hoisting flags with swastikas, the 
appearance Saturday was an unqualified public relations coup 
even if their message was roundly repudiated: rarely have such 
■groups had such a backdrop as a major northern American 

- At the end, one Klan member. Brad Thompson of Auburn. 

' Indiana, thanked everybody, ‘ ’even the protesters." 

“You helped us exercise our first Amendment rights' ’ to 
freedom of assembly and speech, Mr. Thompson said.. 

Despite the unusual setting, the ideas expressed by tbe 
Klansmen were as old as the Klan itself, as one speaker after 
another denigrated blacks, Jews and other minorities. 

“The solution is white revolution ,’' roiA * ***•" •"»" 
as Jeff Barry, a National Wizard. . 

1 s aid a man introduced 

proposed settlement that is 
another chapter in the tortu- 
ous history of the Watergate 
tapes, the* U.S. government 
would pay the estate of 
former President Richard 
Nixon $26 million in com- 
pensation for his White 
House papers and records. 

Under the tentative agree- 
ment. details of which were 
confirmed by government 
sources and those close to the 
Nixon family, the estate has 
agreed to turn over to the Na- 
tional .Archives control of the 
privately run Nixon library in 
Yorba Linda. California. 

All the materials seized by 
the government as Mr. Nixon 
attempted to spirit them from 
the white House following 
his resignation in 1974 are to 
be shipped to California as 

The Nixon Library and 
Birthplace Foundation would 
use part of the payment, re- 
portedly about S8 million, to 
build a* new facility to house 
the huge collection of more 
than 44 million items. The 
partly underground structure 
would be built to the archives’ 
specifications on the nine- 
acre *3.6 hectare! Yorba 
Linda property. The Nixon 
collection is now held in Lhe 
National Archives annex in 
College Park, Maryland. 

A lawyer close to the Nix- 
on family. R. Stan Morten- 
son. said* he was “not in a 
position io confirm or not to 
confirm" any of the major 
points. He suggested there 
were inaccuracies, but de- 
clined to be more specific. 
The agreement leaves un- 
changed the complex network 
of rules and timetables gov- 
erning and restricting the pub- 

lic's access to the materials. 

The proposed settlement 
would bring the Nixon li- 
brary. which opened in 1990 
with the unique distinction of 
having no original presiden- 
tial documents, in line with 
other presidential libraries 
around the country. Although 
all of them are run by the 
National Archives, ihey also 
usually function as image- 
polishing institutions for their 
presidents and bear the per- 
sonal stamp of the chief ex- 
ecutives whose collections 
they house. 

That is precisely what dis- 
turbs critics of the plan, both 
in and out of government. 
They contend that public ac- 
cess to the materials would be 
diminished by the arrange- 
ment even as public funds are 
being spent to pay for them. 

They point out that pres- 
idential libraries are heavily 
influenced by the desires of 
the former presidents and 
their families and devoted to 
enhancing their reputations. 
The ‘ ’smoking gun” tape that 
forced Mr. Nixon's resigna- 
tion. for instance, was heavily 
edited when it was played for 
visitors at the opening of the 
Nixon library in 1990. 

“This is unconscionable,” 
said Joan Hoff, a historian at 
the University of Indiana and 
a longtime student of Mr. 
Nixon's records. “If this goes 
through. I think you’ll see a 
firestorm from the academic 
community.” She said she 
wasn't against paying the 
Nixon estate for the records, 
but she strenuously opposed 
moving them to California. 

Archivist of the United 
States John Carlin is said by 
officials familiar with the 
proposal to be in favor of it, 
arguing that it would open the 
door to a “new partnership" 
in place of contentious litig- 

FASTER — Residents of Granite Falls, Minnesota, sandbagging Sunday as the Minnesota River threatened 


It’s never been easier to subscribe and save. 
Just call toll free at 0 800 1 7538. 

-t* * k iMmai(Au.M . ■ 


niK mourns imn nkvtmt'ji 


Gingrich Returning Morris Sounds Off 
To Face New Test On His Former Boss 

WASHINGTON — Newt Gingrich, 
die speaker of the House, returns to 
Washington this week after a diplo- 
matic journey to China over tbe Easter 
holiday. What awaits him will be a 
suffer test of his leadership than any- 
thing he encountered in Asia. 

The coming months may well deter- 
mine whether Mr. Gingrich, Repub- 
lican of Georgia, survives as speaker. 
Battles over the budget and taxes and 
China’s trade stains provide the le- 
gislative challenges, while his still un- 
resolved $300,000 penalty from the 
ethics inquiry that nearly toppled him 

But he faces a far different dynamic 
than the one that existed at the height of 
his ethics investigation. Then, Mr. Gin- 
grich’s most vocal critics were Demo- 
crats. Today the unrest has spread to 
the Republican family and talk of suc- 
cession has become a staple of cloak- 
room gossip. 

‘ ‘There ' s a ton of talk about life after 
Gingrich,” one conservative House 
member said last week- “Before 
Christmas there was virtually no talk of 
life after Gingrich. Since then it has 
grown and now there is a significant 
amount of it ’ ’ (WP) 

WASHINGTON— DickMorris. no 
longer being paid to offer advice to 
President Bill Clinton, is still defend- 
ing him without charge. But Mr. Mor- 
ris’s back-banded defense isn’t one 
Mr. Clinton would want to pay for. 

The independent counsel Kenneth 
-Starr is investigating the role of senior 
White House' officials in arranging 
nearly a half-million dollars worth of 
jobs for a longtime Clinton friend. 
Webster Hubbell, after he resigned as 
associate attorney general in 1994 and 
a few months before he went to prison 
far bilking his farmer law firm. 

But Mr. Morris, himself a close 
Clinton associate for nearly 20 years, 
said he finds accusations that Mr. Clin- 
ton may have tried to arrange “hush 
money” for Mr. Hubbell to buy his 
silence with Whitewater investigators 
to be implausible. 

\ “Clinton's mind-set is one of total 
denial,” Morris said in an interview. 
“He is completely and totally con- 
vinced of his own innocence in his 
core” and thus lacking a motive for 
paying off Mr. Hubbell. 

“Has self-image would rebel 
lying bush money, Mr. 
’He’s too much into deni- 

al on one hand and too much of an 
ingraie on the other.” (WP) 

The War of the Wage 

WASHINGTON — Last year. Sen- 
ator Edward Kennedy. Democrat of 
Massachusetts, called the increase in 
the $4-25 minimum hourly wage “the 
overarching issue of our time and the 

But die Republican house majority 
leader, Richard Armey, declared, 
“study after study demonstrates’’ that 
hikes in the minimum wage shut out 
the neediest job seekers. The increase 
began Oct. 1. Last month’s 5.2 percent 
unemployment rate was the lowest in 
five months. The new wage is ap- 
parently a boon to some working poor. 
But the wage increase has had little 
effect elsewhere. (NYT) 

Quote/ Unquote 

Researchers at tbe Harvard Gradu- 
ate School of Education, in a report 
concluding that America’s public 
schools are slipping back into racial 
segregation: “In American race rela- 
tions, die bridge from the 20th century 
may be leading back into the 19th. We 
may be deciding to bet the future of the 
country once more on separate but 
equal.” ( AP ) 

Away From Politics 

• Astronauts on the space shuttle Columbia were ordered 
by NASA to return to Earth on Tuesday, 12 days earlier than 
planned, because of a weakening electric generator. It was 
only the third time in space shuttle history that a mission has 

been cut short by equipment problems. 


- — */ne*we»w»Pn» 

Beverly and Rocco BonieUo of Floral 
' oJfcing at one of their sextuplets, 

'JurBStt tried to keep the births 
i were certain all the babies would live. 

• Seeking a new civQ trial for O. J. Simpson, lawyers have 

filed legal papers arguing that Judge Hiroshi Fujisaki made 
errors that allowed hearsay and inadmissible evidence to taint 
the jury, which found the former football player liable in the 
dftflths of his former wife and her friend. ( IAT ) 

• A Baptist minister has been convicted of hying to kill his 

three children with fumes from the family car. A jury in 
Greensboro, North Carolina, took 25 minutes to find William 
Gaitlan. 44, guilty of attempted murder. (AP) 

• Seven inmates have been indicted on charges of tricking 

the Internal Revenue Service into sending them income tax 
refunds while they were serving time at toe District of 
Columbia prison in Lottos, Virginia. (AP) 

• A bus carrying 25 people lost its brakes on a curve, skidded 

off die road and flipped on its side en route to the Grand 
Canyon, five people were critically injured. (AFP) 

• A 7-year-old girl was killed and a 3-year-old boy was shot 

in tbe neck while standing in line for ice cream in Franklin 
Park, a suburb west of Chicago. The police were not sure whar 
had happened, but were investigating a vehicle found aban- 
doned near the scene. “I think, these kids were innocent 
victims that got caught by stray bullets,’ ’ said the police chief, 
Ralph lovenelli. (AP) 

• A 16-year-old girl in Denver was sentenced to life without 

parole for shooting and killing a neighbor who was watching 
her for the weekend and would not allow her to go out with 
friends. (AP) 

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Before you buy an expensive watch, 
make sure you read the small print. 

Every single Rolex Oyster whose dial is inscribed with the words 
above is a genuine Swiss chronometer. Its movement has undergone 
15 days and nights of merciless testing at the hands of the Controle 
Officiel Suisse des Chronometres. /g And passed with flying colours. 


of Geneva 




Immig ration Official Investigated in Smuggling Case 


By William B rani gin 
and Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Pair Service 

WASHINGTON — The top U.S. 
immigration officer in Hon^ Kong 
has been relieved of his duties and 
his wife has been arrested on visa- 
fraud charges in a growing inves- 
tigation into the highly lucrative 
smuggling of Chinese aliens to the 
United States. 

The officer. James DeBates. a 2 1 - 
year veteran of the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service and the 
agency's acting officer- in-charge in 
Hong Kong, was detained for ques- 
tioning last month by the British 
colony's anti -corruption police, but 
was quickly released because of his 
diplomatic status. U.S. officials 

However, they said, his wife, 
Heddy DeBates. a U.S. citizen of 
Chinese origin, was taken into cus- 
tody and is still being held by Hong 

Kong authorities, who have not of- 
ficially announced the arrest 

The immigration service and the 
U.S. consulate in Hong Kong con- 
firmed that Mr. DeBates. 45, was 
placed on administrative leave with 
pay about two weeks ago and is 
under investigation. 

The episode marked the second 
time in less than nine months that a 
senior immigration agent has been 
implicated in corruption relaxed to 
the smuggling of aliens, a multi- 
billion -dollar business in which 
Chinese illegal migrants typically 
pay 530.000 to 540.000 apiece to be 
brought into the United States by 
land, sea or air. 

In July, Jerry Wolf Stuchiner, 45, 
the immigration service's chief in 
Honduras and one of the agency’s 
leading authorities on the smuggling 
of Chinese, was arrested by agents 
of Hong Kong's Independent Com- 
mission Against Corruption upon 
his arrival there. 

Mr. Stuchiner had five blank 
Honduran passports that he al- 
legedly planned to deliver to an ali- 
en-smuggling syndicate. He 
pleaded guilty to possession of false 
documents and was sentenced to 

Chinese mig rants 

typically pay $30,000 
to $40,000 apiece to be 
smuggled into the 
United States. 

three years and four months in pris- 
on. Now he is seeking a transfer to a 
U.S. prison, claiming that his life 
will be in danger if he remains in a 
Hong Kong jail after China takes 
over the colony July 1. 

Since Mr. DeBates was suspen- 
ded and his wife arrested, the Justice 
Department, the immigration ser- 

vice and the Hong Kong consulate 
have maintained extraordinary 
secrecy on the matter, and details 
remain scarce. 

According to an official with 
knowledge of the case, however, 
U.S. investigators found $20,000 in 
Mr. DeBates's office that he could 
not adequately explain. The money 
was hidden in two gun boxes that 
were used for shipping weapons, the 
official said. He said Mr. DeBates 
claimed that the stash represented 
money he had saved by being 
“frugal" in administering his of- 
fice’s budget. > 

Mr. DeBates subsequently left 
Hong Kong for the United States. The 
Justice Department said he remained 
in contact with authorities but refused 
to disclose his whereabouts. He could 
not be reached for comment. 

An immigration-service official 
cautioned that Mr. DeBates's sus- 
pension and the investigation by the 
service's internal -audit division and 

the Justice Department’s inspector 
general followed "automatically" 
from the arrest of Mrs. DeBates on 
visa-fraud charges and did not mean 
that Mr. DeBates was guilty of 

According to the immigration 
service's records. Mr. DeBates went 
to Hong Kong as assistant officer- 
in-charge in January 1991, accept- 
ing a "voluntary downgrade' ' from 
his previous post in Washington. He 
served for three years under Mr. 
Stuchiner, who headed the Hong 
Kong office from 1 989 to 1 994, then 
became acting officer- in-charge 
when his boss was transferred to 

The arrest of Mr. Stuchiner, a 19- 
year service veteran, set off a broad 
international investigation of offi- 
cial corruption related to Chinese 
alien-smuggling, which a govern- 
ment study found has been bringing 

up to 50,000 Chinese into the Unit 
States each year. 

U.S. Warm Seoul on Russian Missiles 

Kimnnm Mjyannffieatm 

A woman protesting in Tokyo on Sunday against 
extending U.S. military leases on Okinawa. About 
2 ,500 demonstrated on the eve of Mr. Cohen's visit 

Ctwr^rird by Ofr Sujf Fnm Disp&dia 

HONOLULU — Defense Secretary 
William Cohen has urged South Korea 
not to buy Russian SA-12 anti-aircraft 
missiles, suggesting that they might ac- 
cidentally threaten friendly U.S. jets in 
the confusion of any new Korean war. 

Opening a weeklong trip that will take 
him to Japan and South Korea, Mr. Co- 
hen warned in a news briefing that it 
would be a political and military mistake 
for Seoul to accept Russia's offer of SA- 
12s instead of buying U.S. Patriot air 
defense missiles. 

“It would not play well in Congress at 
all.” be said, adding that the missiles were 
not compatible with U.S. equipment 

"It would not be a good deal, I think, 
overall ultimately for our relationship. 
It's important that they stay with U.S. 
equipment" be said. 

Mr. Cohen also said that he would 
travel to China this year to press closer 
military ties with Beijing, but added that 
100,000 American troops would remain 
in the western Pacific and Asia for the 
foreseeable future. 

But even if North and South Korea 
make peace and unite, he said, the 
United States would maintain a military 

presence on the peninsula, where it now 
stations 36,000 troops. 

"We believe that it is important to 
maintain a significant presence for the 
purpose of promoting stability and we 
intend to remain in Korea if there is a 
reunification, into the indefinite future," 
Mr. Cohen said. 

Regarding the missiles, Mr. Cohen 
and other U.S. officials voiced concern 
about the "inter-operability" of the SA- 
12, one of the world's most advanced air 
defense weapons, with U.S. F-15s and 
ocher military aircraft in South Korea to 
deter any new war with the North. 

One senior defense official said 
privately that Russia was more than $1 
billion in debt to Seoul and wanted to 
provide weapons as partial payment, but 
the Pentagon worried that the SA-12 did 
not include electronic safeguards that 
would prevent it from accidentally 
threatening U.S. jets. 

He said Patriots, made by Raytheon 
Co., are carefully programmed to rec- 
ognize friendly forces. The United 
Stales has some Patriot batteries in South 
Korea, but Seoul has not purchased Pat- 
riots for its own use. 

Mr. Cohen arrives Monday in Tokyo 

just as Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashi- 
moto is trying to win passage of a law to 
allow the U.S. military to stay cm Ok- 
inawa after its leases expire. Public sup- 
port for the U.S. presence in Japan has 
eroded since the rape of an Okinawa 
schoolgirl by three UJS. servicemen. 

Mr. Cohen said to reporters traveling 
with him that he was "hopeful" the 
special law would pass. But an assault 
last week on a Japanese woman by a U.S. 
sailor in Yokosuka, underscored the del- 
icacy of the U.S. positioo. 

‘ ‘Obviously any incident like this you 
take seriously," the secretary said. "It's 
under investigation now, but I believe 
our relationship with Japan really does 
transcend this particular incident” 

An immediate worry is the situation in 
North Korea, which will be a prime 
subject of discussion in Mr. Cohen's 
talks in Tokyo and Seoul. 

The prospect of famine because of 
crop failures in North Korea has ac- 
centuated U.S. efforts. Officials said 
there had been intensive consultations 
with Japan about how to respond to 
potential repercussions of a crisis in 
North Korea, including food problems 
and refugee flows. (Reuters, AFP) 

Bus Bombing Kills 2 in Punjab 

CHANDIGARH. India — A bomb planted by sus- 
pected Kashmiri militants exploded Sunday on a bus in 
Sm northern state of Punjab killing two people and 
wounding 14, the police said. , .. <*= * • 

W Jmvail Singb Chahal. a senior Punjab pohre official, 
said the explosion took place in nudmoming in Pajh- 
ankot, a town 200 kilometers (120 nates) north of the 
Punjab state capital. Chandigarh and near the state s 
northern border with Jammu and Kashrairstate. 

The Jammu and Kashmir public transput bus was at a 
bridge in Pathankot heading for Jammu when the device 
went off. he said. In addition to the two dead, fom- of the 
wounded were in serious condition. (Reuters) 

Nonaligned Blueprint for UN 

NEW DELHI — Officials of nonaligned nations, meet- 
ing Sunday before a conference of 74 foreign ministers, 
forged a draft accord Sunday on the possible restructuring 
of the United Nations. 

The officials agreed in preliminary talks mat tf the 

Security Council is expanded, it should have 1 1 permanent 

members, instead of five. They also called for a cur- 
tailment La die use of veto powers and said any attempt to 
exclude nonaligned nations "f rom an y expansion of the 
Security Council would be unacceptable.’' 

The 15 foreign ministers who met Sunday said the 
conferees would also discuss the Middle East peace 
process. Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian leader, announced 
plans to attend the talks to rally opposition to new Jewish 
settlements in Palestinian areas. (AFP) 

4,000 Vietnamese Face Return 

WASHINGTON — As Hong Kong approaches its 
reversion to Chinese rule, about 4,000 of tte 205,000 
Vietnamese who fled to the British colony since 1975 face 
return to their homeland, the U.S. State Department 

"The Hong Kong government expects to repatriate 
these individuals back to Vietnam prior to the July I 
reversion of Hong Kong to China,'’ said the department 
spokesman, Nicholas Burns. 

More than 140,000 of the 205,000 reaching Hong 
Kortg were determined to be genuine refugees entitled to 
political asylum, rather than economic migrants. he said. 
They have been resettled outside Vietnam. About 64,500 
were found not entitled to asylum, Mr. Bums said, and 
about 60,000 of them have returned to Vietnam, vol- 
untarily or otherwise. (AP) 

For the Record 

Two earthquakes measuring 63 and 6.4 on the 
Richter scale hit the northwestern Chinese region of 
Xinjiang Uygur on Sunday, officials said. leaving at least 
14 people injured. (AFP) 


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Afghan Truce Aids Polio Drive 

Agence Frunce-Pnesse 

KABUL — Rival factions 
in Afghanistan have declared 
a mice to allow a UN-led 
polio vaccination campaign 
to go ahead, aid officials said 

The surprise announce- 
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Health Organization, Unicef, 
foreign aid agencies and the 
Afghan Public Health Min- 

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campaign targeting 3.6 mil- 
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"Judging by the serious- 
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the deputy minister of public 
health, said. 

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fc Gastronomic i 


v of tt 





Cuisine From Mountain, Valley and Sea 

Gourmet travelers will find a range of culinary offerings that mirrors the diversity of the landscapes in northern Spain. 

I mposing mountains 

drop dramatically to 

craggy coastlines on the 

Atlantic in the north of 
Spain, where the country- 
side is almost permanently 

In the west, bordered by 
Portugal in the south, is Ga- 
licia, a land of rocky coasts, 
pierced by rids, or estuar- 
ies. In western Galicia, the 
rias are broad and deep, but 
they become as narrow as 
Norwegian fjords on the 
northern coast 
East of Galicia are 
Asturias’s Costa Verde, 
Cantabria’s Costa Canta- 
brica and Basque Country’s 
Costa Vasca. 

As is true in man y 
Spanish regions, people 
tend to identify themselves 
as Galician, Asturian, Can- 
tabrian or Basque as much 
as Spanish. 

Though the area has par- 
ticipated in the moderniza- 
tion and economic growth 
that Spain has experienced 
since it joined the European 
Union in 1986, regional tra- 
ditions thrive, and the peo- 
ple continue to speak their 
own languages as well as 
Castilian Spanish. 

Forming these regions’ 
borders with central Spain 
is the Cordillera Cantabrica 
mountain range, which 
begins in southern Galicia, 
reaches its highest point 
(8,787 feet, or 2,678 
meters) at Torre de Cecredo 
in the Pi cos de Europa, then 
descends toward Basque 

Between mountain and 
sea are fertile fields, kept 
green by abundant rain, 
moisture from the sea and a 
climate warmed by the 
ocean current from the 

From the sea 
Not surprisingly, seafood 
hoe is abundant varied and 

Fresh fish of all kinds - 
anchovies, sardines, sea 
bass, red mullet, bonito, 
tuna — are often served 
grilled. Oxl and hake are 
common throughout the 
area, but each region has its 

own approach to preparing 
these fish. 

In Asturias and the 
Basque Country, cider is 
used extensively to garnish 
and flavor fish, as in the 
Asturian classic merluza 
(bake) a la sidrn. In the 
Basque recipe bacalao al 
pil pU, cod is cooked with 
olive oil and a light touch of 
garlic. Hake is married with 
a green sauce (which some- 
times includes clams and 
angulas, baby eels) in the 
classic merluza a la vasca. 

Somewhat more unusual 
is the expensive Basque 
delicacy cococha (kokotxa 
in Euskera, the Basque lan- 
guage) - the baxbeC a part 
of a fish, usually bike, 
located near the throat. 

The sea also offers 
cigalas (langou stines), 
percebes (goose barnacles), 
clams, mussels, squid, 
bogavantes (lobsters), a 
variety of cribs, scallops, 
oysters and octopus. From 
mountain streams come 
salmon and trout 

Orictus (sea urchins) are 
a delicacy, though it is rare 
to find them fresh, because 
they are in season only two 
months of the yeat 

Angulas, a very expen- 
sive treat are served in sal- 
ads, or a la bilbaina (Bilbao 
style), with. garlic and hot 
peppers prepared in boiling 
olive oiL 

A popular Gafa'cian dish 
is pulpo a feira - octopus 
for fiestas, cooked until ten- 
der and flavored with olive 
oil and pap rika. Originally 
served in the streets during 
fiestas, the dish is now fea- 
tured in restaurants and in 

Prized by the Basques 
and visitors alike is 
changurro, a dish made 
with spider crab. 

Cow country 

This is cow country as well, 

producing nearly all the 

fine beef served in Spain as 

well as a number of 


“Asturias is irTt&der in 
cheese-making; a number 
of its villages produce 
picones, named for the 

Picos de Europa, or the 
Peaks of Europe. Cabral es, 
a blue cheese, is probably 
■ Asturias's best-known 
cheese. Grilled steaks are 
sometimes served dripping 
with Cabral es. 

Galicia’s cheeses, mostly 
made from cow’s milk, are 
known throughout Spain 
for their rich and creamy 
consistency. The popular 
Tetilla (little breast) is 
named for the shape of the 
mold in which the cheese is 
made. Another favorite is 
the pear-shaped San Shndn. 
smoked with orange rind. 

Cantabrian cheeses in- 
clude the blue cheese queso 
de Tresviso and a fresh 
cheese from the Liebana 
area called quesucos leban- 
iegos . 

From Basque Country 
come Idiazdbal and sheep's 
milk cheeses. 

Regional specialties 
Many Spaniards, although 
loyal to the cuisine of their 
own region, concede that 
the best cooks in Spain are 
from Basque Country. 
Good cooking has been a 
defining trait of the region’s 
culture, and the Basques 
have elevated the art of 
cooking to a cult. Far from 
being the exclusive domain 
of high society, excellent 
food is prized in all strata of 

Proponents of nueva 
cocina vasca, modern 
Basque cooking, find their 
inspiration in the traditional 
cooking of inland villages 
or small ports on the sea. 
There is an old tradition of 
cooking groups (tradition- 
ally made up entirely of 
men, but some are now 
open to women, too) who 
meet to discuss cuisine and 
trade culinary secrets. 

One of Galicia’s best- 
known dishes is empanada 
gallega (Galician pie), a 
hearty pastry filled with 
whatever appeals to the 
code chicken, veal, rabbit, 
pork, anchovies, sardines. 
eeVtuna, mussels or clams. 
Prized throughout Spain are 
caldo gallego (a thick 
Galician soup), consisting 

“By Spain: Gastronomic Bounty of the North” 
was produced in its entirety by the Advertising Department of the International Herald Tribune. 
Writer: John Mason in Sitges (Catalonia). 

Program Director: Bill Mahder. 

Ulit a week for two 
In Spain ! 

Simply find the answers to these two questions 
relating to the text on this page: 

1. What is the main ingredient of 
fabada.a famous Asturian dish? 

2. In which region of Spain is the 
dry white wine Txakoli produced? 

.'.•..4 (Ranees To Win ! 

. *• ‘./litis competition^ 4times Idl y •; 

April. Eactrtime, the questions will change. 

You may entef the confutation each time the . ' 
competition is published, but with, only one . 
entry per week. . 

Once vou have the answers, send them t-o us with the completed 
roiinon below for a chance to visit Spain. The first three entries drawn 
C P with the correct answers will be the winners. 

(Entries must be received no later than May 16, 1997.) 



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of pork or another meat, 
and potatoes, beans and 
vegetables; and lacon con 
grelos, foreleg of pork 
cooked with strong- fla- 
vored grelos, the local ver- 
sion of turnip greens. Tana 
de Santiago, a Galician 

such as clams or crab, for 
the pork and sausages. 

In Cantabria, look for 
hearty stews made with 
sausage and other pork 
products: Cocido mon- 
lanes, from Santander, is 
made with beans; cocido 

A fishing boat heading out of the Ria de la Corrna, in Galicia. 
In the background is the San Anton castle, which houses an 
archaeological museum. 

almond cake, can be found 
in restaurants across Spain. 

After dinner or in cele- 
bration of traditional holi- 
days and other special 
occasions, Galicians gather 
round a bowl to share 
queimadn, a flambeed con- 
coction of orujo (an eau-de- 
vie). coffee beans, sugar 
and lemon. 

Asturias's most famous 
dish is perhaps fabada 
asturiana, slew made with 
fabes (dried beans), pork, 
chorizo and ntorrilla (blood 
sausage). Modem versions 
often substitute seafood, 

lebcuiiego, from Liebana, 
with chickpeas. 

Cantabrian sweets in- 
clude sobaos and quesada. 
biscuits made with milk 
and butler, and tocinode 
cielo, a soft egg-yolk-and- 
sugar candy. 

Wfrte and cider 
Throughout Spain, travel- 
ers can sample 
regional dishes in 
servings, or tapas, 
neighborhood bar. 

Tb wash them down, try 
the white wines and ciders 
of the region. 

in a 

From Basque Country 
comes Txakoli. and from 
Galicia Albarifio, both dry, 
fruity and somewhat acidic 

The classification of the 
Rias Baixas as a denomi- 
nacion de origen in 1988 
helped attract attention to 
Albarifio, the wine made 
there. Previously drunk 
nearly exclusively in 
Galicia, the wine is now 
popular throughout Spain 
and gaining a reputation 
abroad as well. 

AJbarino is somewhaL 
similar to Riesling, and 

according to one story. 
AJbarino grapes were origi- 
nally brought to Spain from 
Germany by Cistercian 
monks on a pilgrimage to 
Santiago de Compostela. In 
another version the process 
is reversed - the pilgrims 
took the wine home with 
them after visiting the 
shrine of Saint James. 

The province of Alava - 
pan of Spain's most famous 
wine- producing region, the 
Rioja - is located in Basque 

The red wine Rioja 
AJavesa is light and fruity 
when drunk young (del 
ahol although the Reserva 
and Gran Reserva arc aged 
in oak and can be stored in 
a cellar to mature. 

Asturian cider is made 
from tasty, acidic apples, 
pressed and allowed to fer- 
ment to reach an alcohol 
content of 4 to 6 percent. 
Watch ihe Asturians to 
learn the proper way to 
serve it - the bottle is held 
al arm's length above the 
glass. It goes well with fish, 
seafood. blue cheese (espe- 
cially Cabrales). omelets, 
sausage and ham. 

Basque cider, foamier 
and more acidic, can be 
sampled in the sidreria, or 
cider bare, found through- 
out the region. 

A Basque meal is usually 
finished off with a glass of 
pacharan, a liqueur made 
from a fruit called endrina, 
or blackthorn plum. • 


The capital of Andalusia is arguably the most beautiful city in Spain. Its hidden 
delights and unique character are joys shared by its people and its visitors. 





Turkey’s Ciller Sees Her Political Capital Vanish 

By Stephen Kinzer 

Kew Times Sen it y 

ISTANBUL — When Tansu Ciller 
became prime minister of Turkey in 
1993. millions of Turks joined West- 
ern leaders in rejoicing. 

She seemed the idea! figure to lead 
her country toward the next century: an 
English-speaking economist, a woman 
in a Muslim country, and a dedicated 
secularist in a region where funda- 
mentalism was making steady gains. 

Much has changed in four years. 
Today. Mrs. Ciller is foreign minister 
and a leading member of a coalition 
government headed by a Muslim- 
based party. Many Turkish political 
leaders accuse her of forging the al- 
liance to shield herself from inquiries 
into her personal finances. 

“They haven’t formed a govern- 
ment partnership but a partnership in 
crime.” asserted Mesut Yilmaz. the 
main opposition leader. Mr. Yilmaz 
was prime minister in a short-lived 
coalition with Mrs. Ciller that fell apart 
last spring after he indicated he would 
support an investigadon of the charges 
against her. 

" Parliamentary investigators. leading 
political figures, and Turkish news- 
papers have been examining how Mrs. 

Ciller and her husband. Ozer Ciller, 
became multimillionaires. They have 
raised quesdons about her statement 
that she inherited more than SI million 
in cash and gold from her mother, a 
woman whose former neighbors have 
described as a penniless pensioner. 

Mrs. Ciller’s critics have also ex- 
amined the purchase of $1.5 million in 
properties in New Hampshire by an 
American company headed by her hus- 
band. They assert that Mr. and Mrs. 
Ciller enriched themselves through il- 
licit use of government funds in her 
years as prime minister from 1993 to 

Some opposition figures have even 
suggested that Mrs. Ciller once held 
American citizenship, which if true 
could complicate her political position 
here. They have sued in federal court in 
New York to obtain her passport re- 

Mrs. Ciller has denied any wrong- 
doing. Tim Platt, her New Hampshire 
lawyer, said she has never held an 
American passport or been an Amer- 
ican citizen. Mr. Plan also said that her 
investments in the United States com- 
ply fully with American law. 

Some aspects of Mrs. Ciller's rise to 
the status of a multimillionaire, 
however, remain unclear. She has said. 

for example, that some of her wealth 
stems from wise investment of the $1 . 1 
million inheritance from her mother, 
who died in 1995. 

Bui neighbors of Muazzez Ciller 
said last week that she had lived near 
poverty in a shabby Istanbul apart- 
ment. and doubted that she could have 
left such a substantial sum. 

Questions about the finances of Mrs. 
Ciller were of little interest outside 
Turkey until June, when she astonished 
many world leaders by agreeing to join 
in a coalition government with the Is- 
Iamic-oriented Welfare Party. Until 
then, she had bitterly attacked Welfare, 
calling it a fundamentalist threat and 
vowing never to cooperate with it. 

Under the coalition agreement, the 
Welfare - Party' leader. Necmettin 
Erbakan, became prime minister and 
Mrs. Ciller became deputy prime min- 
ister and foreign minister. 

After the alliance was sealed, Mr. 
Erbakan’s supporters in Parliament 
helped Mrs. Ciller defeat a series of 
proposals, some of which they them- 
selves had filed while in opposition, that 
would have referred questions about ber 
wealth to the Supreme Court. 

This has led critics to assert that a 
deal has been struck under which Mrs. 
Ciller keeps the Welfare Party in 

power and, in exchange, it protects her 
against judicial investigation. 

Charges of corruption and abuse of 
power began to swirl around Mrs. Ciller 
as she ended her term as prime minister. 
In recent months, the charges have be- 
come a major topic of public discus- 
sion. This year, Mrs. Ciller has faced a 
series of parliamentary votes on charges 
that she Illicitly diverted funds from 
several government-owned companies, 
including an electric utility, an auto 
manufacturer, and a hotel chain. 

Mrs. Ciller agreed to an interview in 
February to discuss the charges against 
her. but canceled it moments after Par- 
liament voted, 270-263, not to send 
charges against her to the Supreme 
Court. Afterward, her office provided a 
statement that said: 

“The parliamentary commission 
conducted an extensive inquiry into 
Mrs. Ciller’s finances, releasing pub- 
licly numerous confidential tax returns 
and financial documents which she 
provided voluntarily. The commission 
issued a report of over 300 pages and 
cleared her of any improprieties. The 
Parliament has confirmed that finding 
and the matter is now closed." 

Under Turkish law. Parliament can- 
not reopen any investigation within 
one year after it has been closed. 

So small, it will change your perspective. 

Forget those big mobile phones of the past. The Ericsson GF788 is 
so small it hides in your hand. Forget poor sound quality, here is a phone that 
lets you sound like you. Forget about having to keep your calls short, 
with this phone you can talk for hours. The Ericsson GF788 is easy to use, 
even though it is packed with features. And it comes in four discreet colours. 

It will change the way you look at mobile phones. 


Rome Tries to Save Face 
Over Mission to Tirana 


ROME — Italy’s ruling center-left 
allian ce Sunday sought to salvage its 
credibility and mend potentially fatal rifts 
in its ranks over plans to lead a mul- 
tinational security fence into Albania. 

At the center of the dispute is Fausto 
Bertinotti. whose far-left Refounded 
Communist Party refuses to support the 
mission and shows little willingness to 

Mr. Bertinotti said his opposition to 
the mission remained unchanged, say- 
ing talk of a supplementary tax on Itali- 
ans to pay for it was the “last straw." 

Although the Refounded Communist 
Party is outside the government. Prime 
Minister Romano Prodi relies on its 
support for a parliamentary majority. 

He has summoned parliamentary 

K leaders of his alliance to a meeting 
lay before two votes this week to 
try to repair the worst threat to die 
survival of his 1 1 -month government. 

Speaking to reporters in the northern 
city of Bologna. Mr. Prodi sought to 
pacify dissenters by stressing that die 
UN-approved mission was a humanit- 
arian rather than a military intervention. 

That appeared to be enough for the 
Greens Party, a member of Mr. Prodi ‘s 
wobbly alliance, who has demanded 
guarantees about the scope of the mis- 

sion before giving its full support. 

Mr. Prodi is in no immediate danger 
in the votes Tuesday and Wednesday 
because the center-right opposition has 
given its backing to the mission . 

But even government officials said 
that Italy's credibility was oh the line as 
it prepares to lead its first multinational 
mission in postwar history. 

The force, which will number up to 
6.000 and assist international relief ef- 
forts after weeks of armed anarchy in 
Albania, is to start deployment next 

* ‘I’m not hiding the fact that the situ- 
ation is very difficult and delicate be- 
cause it involves Italy's credibilit y." En- 
rico Micheli. a cabinet undersecretary, 
told the newspaper Coniere della Sera. 

Although Mr. Prodi has said his gov- 
ernment will not fell over the issue, cen- 
ter-right critics warned that the disin- 
tegration of the alliance meant it was now 
a lame d» i c k and an embarrassment. 

Nonetheless, experts say Mr. Prodi 
knows Italy has to pall off the Albania 
mission to be taken seriously in Europe. 

Coalition members, already frus- 
trated by the Refounded Communists' 
refusal to countenance welfare spending 
cots in Mr. Prodi’s drive to be ready for 
European monetary union, criticized 
Mr. Bertinotti for his party’s stance. 

Political Tensions Rise 
In Albania as 6 Die 

The Associated Press 

TIRANA, Albania — Six 
people died in Albania's vi- 
olent southern -region, while 
political tensions ruled die 
north Sunday after a police 
chief blamed the Interior 
Ministry for a grenade attack 
on the motorcade of Prime 
Minister Bashlrim Fino. 

Three people were killed in 
the southern port of Vlore, in- 
cluding a woman shot dead by 
a man after she turned down 
his request to many her daugh- 
ter, hospital officials said. 

Two people died in Fier. 
after they were badly burned 
on Wednesday when gas they 
had tried to steal from a ser- 
vice station exploded, a re- 
porter said. Another person 
died in Berat, the official 
news agency AT A reported. 

The agency also said a mu- 
nicipal office in Gjirbkaster 
where land ownership records 
were kept was set fire to. 

. More than 200 people have 
died and at least 700 have 
been hurt since the rebellion 
began, and more than 13,000 
Albanians have fled to Italy. 

With most of the country in 
chaos after popular disaffec- 
tion over failed investment 

schemes turned into anarchy, 
a caretaker government is try- 
ing to ease tensions and unite 
the country, which is divided 
into northern supporters of 
President Sail Bensha and the 
southern insurgents. He is 
widely blamed for die col- 
lanse of the pyramid 

The attack Saturday on Mr. 
Fino’s convoy showed how 
hard it will be to restore polit- 
ical order. 

Mr. Fino’s motorcade was 
ambushed at Bushat, 100 ki- 
lometers (63 miles) north of 
Tirana and just short of 
Stikoder. his destination. 

Gunmen hurled two hand 
grenades near his motorcade 
to prevent. him and cabinet 
members from visiting the 
city, a stronghold of his rival 
Mr. Berisha. 

Shkoder's police chief. 
Martin Gjoni, said Sunday that 
die Interior Ministry had mis- 
informed him about -how the 
prime minister was arriving. 

“We were not asked by the 
Interior Ministry to provide 
security for the road.” Mr. 
Gjoni said. “The deputy min- 
ister told us the premier was 
coming on a helicopter." 


Major Is Hailed by Thatcher 
As Sole Fortress Against Europe 

LONDON — Margaret Thatcher, a former prime min- 
ister. Sunday backed her successes. John Major, as the 
only candidate who would not give in to EuropeaitUnion 
bureaucrats in Brussels if elected in Britain's May 1 
general elections. 

Mis. Thatcher told Conservative Party candidates in 
London that a victory by the opposition Labour Party 
would also see die return of the trade onion power she 
fought to suppress. 

Mis. Thatcher, prime minister from 1979 to 1990. said 
that Labour’s support for the European Union Social 
Chapter, which backs a minimum wage, would see the 
return of socialism to Britain, if Labour wing the May 1 
elections as ' * 

“The Social Chapter is a way of imposing the socialist 
model on this country," she said. “If there isn’t socialism 
through the front door, it will come through the back 
door. (AFP) 

Spanish Ex-Minister Faces Trial 

MADRID — A Supreme Court special prosecutor 
ruled that an indicted former interior minister must stand 
trial on charges of kidnapping and association, with an 
armed group linked to the killings of suspected Basque 

The former minister, Jose Barrionuevo. was indicted 
last year and is the high est-ranking figure charged in the 
“dirty war” that killed 27 suspected Basque terrorists 
from 1983 to 1987, when theSociaiist Party leader, Felipe 
Gonzalez, was prime minister. 

The Supreme Court did not immediately set a trial date. 
The case, in which 14 other former officials are co- 
defendants, is die most prominent of four “dirty war” 
cases moving toward triaL 

The Supreme Court last November cleared Mr. Gonza- 
lez, now die opposition leader in Parliament, of “dirty . 
war.’ involvement. But he could be s umm oned as a 
witness in Mr. Barrionuevo’s case. (NYT) 

Dutch Police Block Protesters 

THE HAGUE — Policemen in The Hague' manned 
checkpoints around the city Sunday to prevent people 
from heading to a banned demonstration in the Turkish 

Policemen said they bad turned a way ] 6 cars seeking to 
enter The Hague after Mayor Wim Deetman imposed 
emergency regulations Saturday to head off possible 
weekend disturbances by T urkis h i mmigr ants planning to 
demonstrate against racist attacks. 

The demonstration was called to protest die March 26 
death of six members of a Turkish family in a suspected 
arson attack. 

City officials said the measure was necessary because 
of tensions in die Turkish community after the deaths of 
five children and their mother. _ (AFP) 


‘ A pasMkiger and freight train collided in Luxem- 
bourg on Sunday, lulling one person and injuring 29, 7 of 
them senously. (Reuters) 




atiQ * 


5 Years After ‘Self-Coup,’ President Still Runs Peru His Way 

~By Calvin Sims 

Afrw York Tunes Serw* 

fivc y £a re i 

^^^ StU ^ PerttWllen ^ 

^sbanded Congress and the courts to 

powers that he said were 

rh^i? con ? I J Hion and terrorism 

th ^5S n ^J? m P ant m *e country. 

*e rot of Latin America was 

r~ ana me ratece of 

Justice, suqjended the constitution, and 
/^imposed harsh measures to combat ter- 
rorism and revive the inhering economy. 

Today, despite the hostage crisis at th e 
Japanese ambassador’s residence hoe, 
Peru is undeniably a safer, more eco- 
nomically viable country. Many Per- 
uvians say they believe those successes 
are the direct results of Mr. Fujimori ’s 
autogolpe, or ‘ ‘self-coup.’ ’ 

But while Mr. Fujimori was over-' 
wbelxmngly voted to a second term in 

1995, many of Ins authoritarian policies' 
remain in place. The police have broad 
powers to arrest anyone they suspect of 
terrorism. People accused of terrorism 
are tried in military courts where there is 
no due process. 

Many political experts say Peru is less 
democratic today than it was before Mr. 
Fujimori assumed emergency powers on 
April 5, 1992. 

"Democracy before the. coup was 
very weak in Fern, but five years later I 
am convinced it’s even weaker,” sad 
Carios Basombrio, director of the Legal 
Defense Institute, a l rating human 
rights group. 

“The legacy of Mr. Fujimori’s 
coup,” he said, “is dial die Peruvian 
Army now has more autonomy than any 
military in Latin America, the judiciary 
is less independent and has more Dra- 
conian laws oo die books, and there is no 
real political party system to speak of.” 

Many leading politicians and scholars 
here and abroad say that Mr. Fujimori 

could have acc o mplished his goals with- 
out abolishing constitutional rule and 
that by doing so he made Peru a country 
where power is heavily concentrated in 
the executive branch. 

They cite the lack of civilian control 
over Peru’s military, which Mr. 

Fujimori has repeatedly absolved of 
widespread human rights abuses com- 
mitted during its crackdown on leftist 
rebels, and Peru’s judicial system, which 
under Mr. Fujimori's control has con- 
victed hundreds of Peruvians of terrorist 
acts and sentenced them to long jail 

“Die way Mr. Fujimori sees the 
world is: *we will do it my way or we 
won't do it at all/ ” said David Scon 
Palmer, who teaches Latin American 
politics at Boston University. '‘Com- 
promise and negotiation are not part of 
Mr. Fujimori’s calculation, and whether 
it comes to democracy or negotiating an 
end to the hostage takeover, ms reactions 
are part of the same continuum that 

began with the imposing of martial law 
in 1992.” 

Indeed, some foreign diplomats and 
relatives of hostages who are being held 
by Marxist guerrillas here have ex- 
pressed concern that Mr. Fujimori’s 
autocratic style has been a major stum- 
bling block in resolving the crisis, now 
□early four months old. 

Recently, mediators between the Per- 
uvian government and guerrillas 
reached the outline of a tentative agree- 
ment to end the standoff, by which the 
rebels would give up their captives and 
leave Peru in exchange for a chance at 
early parole for some of their jailed 
comrades. But as the details of the pact 
were being worked out, Mr. Fujimori 
backed away from it Diplomats familiar 
with the talks said he had become, con- 
cerned that he would appear to have 
given in to a major rebel demand — 
freedom for their jailed colleagues. 

Mr. Fujimori has said that his actions 
in 1992 were the only way to save the 

Mobutu’s Newest Woe: Cash Crunch 

After Using State Treasury as His Own, Zairian Looks Short on Funds 


J? By James Rupert 

and David B. Ottaway 

Washington Post Sen-ice 

President Mobutu Sese Seko, who for 
years has been widely regarded as one of 
the world’s most corrupt and wealthy 
1 men, appears to have run out of cash, 
: according to diplomats and Zairian 

• sources. 

After 3 1 years of treating Zaire’s stare 
; treasury as his personal bank account, 
i Marshal Mobutu is watching his rule 
! crumble. 

| He retains a constellation of real estate 

| properties worth tens of millions of dol- 

• iars, and scholars, diplomats and Zairian 
■ .journalists who have investigated him toy 
j we has other assets secreted overseas. But 

• in recent months, die sources said, Mar- 
! shal Mobutu has had trouble scraping up 
j cash even for what have become his basic 
[ tasks of survival, such as fighting off the 
i rebel army that has seized eastern Zaire or 
! keeping his personal airiiner maintained 
j and fueled to fly him back and forth to 
i Europe for cancer treatments. 

| U.S. and European sources said Mar- 
shal Mobutu apparently had spent ap- 
proximately $50 million for his military 
! campaign, buying weapons and renting 
j mercenaries in a failed attempt to defeat 
the rebels who now hold roughly a 
quarter of the country. 

The president took roughly half that 
amount from funds that his government 
had c ommi tted for elections this sum- 
mer, according to a U.S.. official in 
Washington and a European diplomat in. 
Kinshasa. Zairian ejection officials con- 
firmed that the money was missing. 

A more personal sign of Marshal 
Mobutu’s cash crunch is that when he 
“simply wants to move somewhere, he 

has to go searching for the money to 
main tain bis plane and buy jet fuel,” a 
Western diplomat in Kinshasa said. 
Since last summer, the president has 
flown repeatedly to Switzerland and 
France for treatment of prostate cancer. 

After Marshal Mobutu traveled to 
France on Feb. 21 for more convales- 
cence, his plane was flown to London for 
maintenance work, ft was grounded 
there, the diplomat said* “far a long time 
because he had no money to pay.” 

In an apparent effort to raise cash. 
Marshal Mobutu has put some of his 
properties in Europe up for sale. State 
Department sources in Washington said. 

Foreign donors last year promised to 
contribute more than $100 million for 
elections to help stabilize Zaire, on the 
condition that Kinshasa give as welL By 
the end of 1996, Zaire was to have put 
$50 million into a United Rations trust 
fund for the elections, but so far has 
provided less than $3 milli on, according 
io Tshflen gi wa Kahamha, vice president 
of the Zairian election commission. 

A Zairian Defense Ministry official 
said dial the ministry had been given 
“several tens of millio ns of dollars” 
from elsewhere in tbe government 
budget to fight the war but that he did not 
know from which agencies. 

Tbe sums that Marshal Mobutu has 
been scrambling for are tiny compared 
with what he repeatedly raked in before. A 
1993 article in a British journal by Steve 
Aslan and Carole C olima died World 
Bank documents that estimated that be 
skimmed $15Qmillioo to $400 million a 
year ‘from Zaire’s copper and cobalt ex- 
ports throughout the 1980s. That income, 
the researchers wrote, wasonly “the most 
lucrative pillar of Mobutu’s system.” 

Marshal Mobutu also routinely helped 

himself to funds from the Zairian treas- 
ury, according to a 1982 International 
Monetary Fund report died in the article. 
“Tbe president’s bureau makes no dis- 
tinction between state expenditure and 
personal expenditure.” a fund offidal, 
Erwin Blumenthal, wrote in the report. 

In 1981. the U.S. government saw 
partial bank records of Marshal Mobuu *s 
that showed roughly a billion dollars in 
liquid assets in Europe, said Robert 
Oakley, a former ILS. ambassador to 
Zaire. After the death of a Mobutu fi- 
nandal from man, known as Uncle Litho 
Maboti, Mr. Maboti's son showed the 
records to a U.S. lawyer as part of a legal 
effort to get money that had been held in 
his fathers name, Mr. Oakley said. 

But more than 15 years after that 
glimpse, the size of Marshal Mobutu’s 
fortune is much disputed, and the ar- 
guments will likely become more poin- 
ted as Zairian opponents try to seize his 
money. Angulu Mabengi, a spokesman 
in Europe for the rebel alliance headed 
by Laurent Kabila, told BBC Radio last 
month that the rebels had asked Swiss 
authorities to freeze the marshal *s assets, 
saying. “According to our information, 
these — in Switzerland alone — amount 
to 4 or 5 billion American dollars:” 

Several sources said the president’s 
fortune never was as vast as the rebels 
claim because he doled out much of his 
money to relatives, friends and clients. 

“He bad to do this to keep his po- 
sition.” a Western diplomat said. 

The president also may find himself 
short on cash because of his own re- 
ported lack of financial sophistication. 

“He couldn't balance a checkbook, ” a 
Zairian executive said. “Hisideaof bank- 
ing was to pick up the phone and call atop 
aide and say, ‘Send over 2 million.’ ” 

TREK: Death and Disease Stalk Rwandan Refugees in Zaire 

Continued from Page 1 

-through the forest from 
’ Kisangani, the regional cap- 
ital, to Ubundu. 72 miles (1 15 
kilometers) away. 

[UN refugee officials an 
; Sunday began organiz in g an 
airlift of the stranded refugees 
; after the leader of Zaire’s ad- 
i vane mg rebels gave pennis- 
\ sion for flights, Reuters re- 
, ported. Agreement on tbe 
• refugee airlift was announced 
j Saturday in the rebel-held 
dty of Kisangani by Aldo Ai- 
ello, a special envoy from the 
European Union, and Em- 
1 mamtel Kamenze, an official 

■ in the rebel leader Laurent 

■ Kabila's Alliance of Demo- 
cratic Forces far doe Liber- 
ation of Coogo-Zaire.] 

1 i [The rebels had insisted be- 

: Yore that the refugees be re- 
; patriated by roads that were 
virtually impassable.] 

Most of the refugees are 
gathered in two groups in vil- 
lages 15 miles and 26 miles 
south of the city. They are 
succumbing to malaria, dys- 
entery and other diseases at a 
rate three times what would 

be normal, officials say . 

Farther south toward 
Ubundu, smaller groups of 
refugees are straggling north- 
ward, many in even more dire 
condition, aid workers said. 
Bodies and new graves line 
the Tend, silently marking 
their disastrous retreat. 

Since November,' when 
they abandoned UN camps 
near the border with Rwanda 
because of fighting, the 
refugees have walked more 
than 300 miles through dense 
jungles, fleeing Zaire’sTutsi- 
led rebels. 

Time after time, they set rip 
camps in the jungle, only to 
flee again in a few days when 
the rebels approached, herd- 
ing them away with mortars 
and grenades. 

Three weeks ago, in des- 
peration, about 100,000 
refugees crossed the Congo 
River on rafts and in canoes, 
people in the camps said. 
Some sold their last belong- 
ings for a place in a boat. 
Others chanced tbe crossing 
on bamboo rafts. Hundreds 

Now tbe surviving 

refugees in the two largest 
camps are in political limbo. 
Tbe Hutu political leaders 
who led them here have aban- 
doned them, trekking farther 
west into the forest along with 
what is left of the Hutu mi- 
litias and former Rwandan 



the weekend, aid 
workers have been allowed 
into the camps to distribute 
medicine and tons of food. 
Soup kitchens and medical 
dimes have been set up. and 
water purification stations are 
being erected along creeks 
near the camps. 

“We know how to tackle 
these problems,” said Filippo 
Grandi. the coordinator of the 
UN refugee agency in eastern 

From the start, die war in 
Zaire has been entwined with 
tbe ethnic conflict between 
Hutu and Tutsi in neighbor- 
ing Rwanda. The rebel alli- 
ance, led by Mr. Kabila, says 
it is fighting primarily to oust 
Zaire’s longtime dictator. 
Mobutu Sese Seko. 

The core of die rebel fence 
is made up of ethnic Tutsi 

from Zaire, many of whom 
fought in the Rwandan civil 
war. On the other side, the 
former Rwandan Hutu sol- 
diers and militiamen among 
the refugeesplayed a major 
role in the 1 994 mass killings 
in Rwanda, in which at least 
500,000 Tutsi and Hutu mod- 
erates were shun. 

■ Kahila Objects to U.S. 

Mr. Kabila, the rebel lead- 
er, objected Sunday to the 
presence of U.S. troops at 
Zaire’s border, calling them a 
threat to the country's integ- 
rity, The Associated Press re- 
ported from Goma. 

“They could move in at 
any time — they don’t rec- 
ognize the sovereignty of our 
people.” Mr. Kabila said at 
his headquarters in eastern 

* ‘For us, it is a threat to our 
territorial integrity." said Mr. 
Kabila, whose campaign to 
oust Marshall Mobutu has 
won control of the eastern 
third of Zaire since Septem- 
ber. Mr. Kabila said there 
should be no international in- 
tervention in Zaire- 

Continued from Page I 

people struggle to survive. We expect 
the Serbian enclave to collapse, which is 
what it deserves.” 

Mr. Karadzic and senior members of 
the police and Serbian Democratic Party 
have long used the conflict in Bosnia to 
make money. In 1993- Mr. Karadzic 
started a company called Centrex, which, 
with the protection of the police and the 
party, secured exclusive rights to import 
and sell a variety of goods in territory 
controlled by the Bosnian Serbs, senior 
Bosnian Serb officials say. 

In 1996. he formed, along with the 
Ministry of the Interior in Serbian-held 
Bosnia, a second company, Selkt- 
Impex, which maintains an office in 
Cyprus under a different name. It also 
handles some imports, but was set up 
expressly to supplement the salaries of 
tbe Bosnian Serb police, whose basic 
wages are still paid by the Serbian-dom- 
inated government of Yugoslavia, these 
officials said. 

“The bonuses paid to the Bosnian 
Serb police, all of whom work directly 
for Mr. Karadzic, come from the profits 
made by these two companies, ’ ' a senior 
Bosnian Serb official said. “We have 
documents from the companies, and 
neither list the name of the owners. But 
we know Karadzic and Krajisnik run 

ZEAL: President Clinton 9 s Anti - Vice Crusades IRA: Grand National Rescheduled After Bomb Warnings 

Continued from Page 1 

through the omnibus Tele- 
communications Reform Act, 
signed in February 1996 
* despite the protests of a 
dwindling band of liberals. 

And after California and 
Arizona voters last Novem- 
ber approved local ballot ini- 
tiatives declaring marijuana 
legal if used for medical pur- 
poses, the administration 

threatened doctors with sanc- 
tions if they prescribed the 
drug for patients. . 

For all his popularity at tbe 
polls, Mr. Clinton is not 
viewed by the electorate as a 
moral beacon- In opinion sur- 
veys during last pres- 
idential campaign, his 
iican rival. Bob Dole, 
consistently wot kgher 
marks for personal rectitude. 

Mr. Clinton has been ac- 
cused of womanizing and or 

. shady business practices. Btrt 

t his piisonaJbistory.. “ 
today’s political climate, off 
fers clues to his new 

Mr. Clinton is ihesonof an 

alcoholic, and he has a broth- 

er who has used drugs, so he 
knows the havoc that addic- 
tion can wreak cm people and 
their families. In addition, be 
is a doting father, cognizant 
of the vulnerability of chil- 
dren* and his wife has focused 
for many years on children’s 

It is the focus on children 
that makes political crusading 
against sin acceptable, at least 
for the moment, because the 
well-being of the young in a 
world increasingly full of 
dangers is as big a preoccu- 
pation of Democrats as of Re- 
publicans, as modi a concern 

in small towns as in big cities, 

as high on die agendas of the 
secular as on those of die re- 
ligious elements in society. 

From the’ viewpoint of 
Dolitirians with activist lean- 
ings but a tight budget. Idas 
Mr. Clinton and many off nis 
closest advisers, cracking 
down on smoking and alcohol 
abuse, attacking the porno- 

. J AT 1/1— 

oience and seeking with full 

fenfare to head off any move 

to legalize marijuana have 

obvious appeal Issuing gov- 
ernmental regulations and 
pounding on die bully pulpit 
. do not cost much, at least at 
the beginning. 

Noris die president’s party 
likely to lose much campaign 
money. As die South has be- 
come more Republican, to- 
bacco money has tended to 
flow disproportionately to 
Republicans — by almost a 5- 
to-1 ratio in 1995-96. 

In taking on the distilled- 
spirits companies, Mr. Clin- 
ton has made no moves, 
against tbe beer and wine in- 
dustries, which advertise co- 
piously on television and 
mount big lobbying efforts in 

The question is how for 
public support will enable this 
presidential assault on vice, to 
ga The manners and morals of 
a people can never be molded 
by legislation or governmental 
decree; if what government 
does harmonizes with public 
sentiment, if it is seen to ad- 
dress genuine evils, the law 
will be upheld. If not, i t will be 
ignored or, worse, laughed aL 

Continued from Page 1 

excluded from since the IRA aban- 
doned a 17-mqnth cease-fire. 

IRA strategy for years has been to 
attack the British mainland to force 
public opinion to put pressure on the 
government to find a solution to the 
conflict over Northern Ireland. 

The police said the evacuation of 
die course was orderly and. despite 
the chaos overnight in Liverpool and 
surrounding towns, there were no 
reports of violence and no deaths. 
Officials said about 7,000 vehicles 
had been entrapped within the re- 
stricted area around the track. 

Prime Minister John Major urged 
Britain on Sunday not to be “lulled 
into a false sense of security” by the 
scares that have wreaked havoc but 
cost no lives. “We've now had two 
or three of these incidents in the last 
week,” he said. 

* ‘These people are murderers. They 
have murdered before. They will 
munier again, and people ought not to 
take these threats lightly.” he said. 

“There’s a great danger that 
people will be lulled into a false 
sense of security and then there will 
be a bomb,” Mr. Major said on BBC 

Tony Blair, the Labour Party lead- 

Rohatyn Seen as New Paris Envoy 

. Reuters 

WASHINGTON — _ Felix Ro- 
hatyn, the New York investment 
banker, is considered the leading 
contender to be nominated as die 
next U.S. ambassador to France, 
American officials said. 

Mr. Rohatyn would fill the po- 
sition left vacant by Pamela Har- 
dman, who died in Paris on Feb. 5. 

If President Bill Clinton picks 
him, his nomination would re- 
quire Senate confirmation. 

The Write House last year had 
floated Mr. Rohatyn for a vacant 
vice chairman’s seal on the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board, but withdrew 
his name in the face of strong 
opposition from Republicans in 
the Senate. 

er who is 25 points ahead of Mr. 
Major in the polls and will con- 
sequently most likely be the prime 
minister the IRA will be dealing with 
in a month, called the IRA campaign 
"contemptible” and accused it of 
trying to “introduce terror” into the 
British election. 

Prime Minister John Bruton of Ire- 
land condemned the disruption and 
asked: “Have the leaders of the re- 
publican movement stopped to think 
how iheir actions at A intree will 
make Irish people all over the world 
feel this evening?” 

On Sunday, Ain tree employees 
were working to prepare ihe course 
for Monday. The police continued to 
search the thousands of cars still 
stranded as disappointed racegoers 
milled around. 

Assistant Chief Constable Paul 
Stephenson said no bombs had been 
found but the search was continuing. 
“No me has yet claimed respon- 
sibility for the bomb threats and we 
can ail draw our own conclusions 
from that.” he said. 

Princess Anne, daughter of Queen 
Elizabeth, and the actor Gregory Peck 
were among those who fell victim to 
one of the biggest evacuations in 
sporting history. (AP. NYT. Reuters i 


country. He said Congress and the courts 
had refused to endorse reforms needed to 
ftghi terrorism. 

Martha Chavez, a congresswoman 
who is in Mr. Fujimori's party, said that 
declaring martial law was the presi- 
dent’s only feasible option five years ago 
because Congress was gridlocked and 
w ould have taken too long to approve ihe 
needed measures. 

"What Mr. Fujimori did five years 
ago was valiant, brave, and absolutely 
necessary to save Peru." she said. "Have 
we forgotten so quickly what life was 
like during that time? Bombs were ex- 
ploding all around us." 

Opinion polls have shown that most 
Peruvians approved of Mr. Fujimori’s 
dissolving of Congress and the courts, 
which were seen as corrupt. The pres- 
ident’s popularity skyrocketed after the 
capture in 1992 of Abimael Guzman 
Reynoso, leader of the Shining Path, a 
Maoist guerrilla group, and die sub- 
sequent capture of 30 other leaders. 


4 Germans Freed 
By Force in Yemen 

SAN ‘A. Yemen — Yemeni se- 
curity forces on Sunday secured the 
release of four German hostages 
after firing artillery shells near their 
abductors' hideout and arrested the 
kidnappers, a senior security offi- 
cial said Sunday. 

The official said security forces 
who had been besieging the hideout 
in the Mehjezah area of Marib 
province in eastern Yemen fired a 
few artillery shells, forcing some of 
the kidnappers to flee. 

The four Germans, two men and 
two women, were taken to the po- 
lice headquarters in Marib and then 
to a hotel in the city. They were 
abducted March 27. (Reuters) 

UN Accuses Iraq 

BAGHDAD — The chief Uniied 
Nations weapons inspector says 
there has been a "serious deteri- 
oration” in Iraqi cooperation with 
aims monitors, and he accused 
Baghdad of blocking inspectors 
from carrying out their mission. 

In one incident. Iraqi officials 
gave false directions to UN mon- 
itors trying to find a suspicious con- 
tainer they spotted during a heli- 
copter overflight. Rolf Ekeus said 
Saturday. (AP) 

Haitians Voting 

Haitians voted Sunday in Senate 
and local elections against a back- 
ground of discontent with President 
Rene PrevaJ’s government. Ana- 
lysts expected a Tow turnout. 

The elections are the fifth since 
parliamentary elections in June 
1995. held after a U.S.-led military 
intervention ousted a military re- 
gime and restored former President 
Jean Bertrand Aristide to power in 
October 1994. 

At stake are nine seats in the 
Senate, two parliamentary seats. 
133 town delegations and 565 dis- 
trict assemblies. (Reuters) 

U.S . Revokes Visas 

BOGOTA — The United States 
announced that it had stripped 257 
Colombians, including two jailed 
Cali cartel bosses. Gilberto and 
Miguel Rodriguez, and several 
dozen close relatives, of U.S visas 
for their involvement in drug traf- 

The affected Colombians, three- 
quarters of them from Cali, lost their 
visas on March 21 after being clas- 
sified as "specially designated nar- 
cotraffickers.” the U.S. Embassy 
said. f AP) 

l*auk> Krunwic/Rcacn 

Otto von Habsburg placing flowers at the monument in Sarajevo where 
his great uncle. Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated in 1914. 

BOSNIA: Karadzic Still a Power There 

them. The police effectively block any 
other companies from doing business in 
Serb-held Bosnia. It’s a big protection 

Mrs. Plavsic has privately protested to 
Mr. Karadzic and Mr. Krajisnik and has 
threatened to make the deals public, 
those close to her say. but out of fear for 
her personal safety has not done so. Her 
statements in her recent interview were 
her strongest public condemnation of 
these commercial arrangements, but she 
stopped short of attacking the two men 
by name. 

But because of her opposition. Mrs. 
Plavsic has effectively been isolated 
from public life and has little authority in 
the enclave she supposedly heads. 

It is unclear where the Bosnian Serb 
military, now largely gutted and im- 
potent. stands in the dispute. 

Mr. Karadzic is wanted on two counts 
of genocide by the international war 
crimes tribunal at The Hague, and the 
NATO-led peacekeeping force says it 
will arrest him if its troops can find him. 
But he reports almost every day to the 
Famos factory in the mountain town of 
Pale, where he has his office, his pres- 
ence easily given away by tbe body- 
guards who secure any building he fre- 
quents. And he recently was chairman of 
a meeting of the ruling party. Bosnian 
Serb officials said. 


Microbe Revelations 

Continued from Page 1 

ders tan ding that living things can exist in 
such variety, under such extreme con- 
ditions, on this planet greatly enhances 
the likelihood that there is or was life of 
a similar kind on other worlds where 
similar conditions may exist — such as 
Mars and Jupiter’s moon Europa. 

“When 1 studied my biology in 
school, 1 was told the only reason we 
have life on Earth is because we have 
this perfect set of conditions — water 
and everything,” said Chris Fox of the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- 
ministration's VENTS program to study 
deep-sea volcanic activity. ‘ v What we're 
finding here is that you can grow bugs in 
magma, just about." Magma is molten 
rock from the guts of the planet. 

While the latter remains to be shown, 
scientists have found very primitive or- 
ganisms living in rock in the Earth’s 
crust, two miles {three kilometers) deep 
in oil wells, in desiccating salt marshes. 
Discoveries flowing from many differ- 
ent scientific fields attest that life is 
remarkably hardy, that given certain 
minimum requirements — liquid water, 
energy and nutrients — it can develop 
with amazing ease and speed. 

“A number of things that have 
happened almost explosively in the last 
decade," according to a White House 
science adviser, John Gibbons, “are 
com i ng together to say that our notion of 
life as rare may be the reverse.” 

That explosion of insight includes: 

• An improved understanding of the 
incredible diversity of microbial life on 
Earth. Most notably, the recent iden- 
tification of a whole new category of 
life. A feat of genetic sequencing 
showed that weird microbes known as 
“archaea" represent a third domain on 
die evolutionary “tree of life.” (The 
others are bacteria, on one branch, and 
plants, animals and fungi on the other.) 

• Findings that life appeared cm Earth 
much earlier and in more variety than 
was previously known — as long as 3.8 
billion years ago. 

• The determination that many of 
these life forms can survive in conditions 
previously defined as sterile: extremes 
of temperature, pressure, acidity, alka- 
linity or salinity. Some microorganisms 
thrive in high levels of heavy metals, 
organic solvents or other substances that 
are toxic to most forms of life. 

• The discovery that, during volcanic 
eruptions on the ocean floor, vast out- 
pourings of microbial matter are spewed 
up from inside the Earth's rocky crust, 
mese waters reach well over 600 de- 
grees Fahrenheit (315 degrees centi- 

• Accumulating evidence from 
NASA’s spacecraft Galileo that Europa. 
a moon of Jupiter, may have an ocean of 
liquid water beneath its icy surface, with 
the nutrients and heat source required to 
support life. 


MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1997 


,,r uk 





The Mideast Challenge 

President Bill Clinton and Secretary 
of State Madeleine Albright like to talk 
about America as the indispensable 
nation, the only country with the power 
and prestige to help bring peace to 
troubled regions like die Middle East. 
They now have a chance to deliver on 
that grand image. The unfinished 
peace between Israel and the Palestini- 
ans is near collapse, and Washington’s 
role as avuncular mediator will no 
longer suffice. Mr. Clinton and Mrs. 
Albright must make some hard de- 
cisions and take some political risks to 
end the conflict. 

They can begin this Monday when 
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of 
Israel comes to the White House. Both 
Mr. Netanyahu and Yasser Arafat the 
Palestinian leader, have mismanaged 
the peace effort in the weeks since the 
two sides reached a milestone agree- 
ment on the withdrawal of Israeli forces 
from t be West Bank city of Hebron. 
Israel has imperiously proceeded with a 
housing construction project in East 
Jerusalem, and Palestinian terror at- 
tacks have resumed in Israel 

With trust disintegrating and violent 
confrontations resuming, die entire 
step-by-step approach to peace no 
longer seems promising. If there is no 
other route open. Mr. Netanyahu and 
Mr. Arafat, with a powerful push from 
Washington, may have to return to the 
phased peace plan outlined in the orig- 
inal Oslo agreements three years ago. 

But another, more daring option 
may be available if the White House is 
willing to bear the risks involved. It is 
to move directly to intensive nego- 
tiations on a final settlement. That 
would mean negotiating permanent 
boundaries between the areas of Israeli 
and Palestinian control and defining 
the respective rights of the two peoples 
in Jerusalem. 

It would require deciding whether 
Jewish settlements in the West Bank 

and Gaza should be uprooted, annexed 
to Israel, or transferred to Palestinian 
role with security guarantees. Final set- 
tlement talks must also determine 
whether the Palestinians win a full- 
fledged state of tbeir own, or must ac- 
cept some limits on their sovereignty. 

A drive for a final agreement would 
probably require continuous high- 
level talks, with active American par- 
ticipation, not unlike the 1978 Camp 
David marathon led by President 
Jimmy Carter. 

Although the idea may seem im- 
probable in the tense climate that now 
prevails, it should not be dismissed. 
Some conditions are favorable. Mr. 
Netanyahu is pushing for the idea, and 
the White House seems willing to con- 
sider it. The two main Israeli political 
parties have begun to sketch out ele- 
ments of a politically sustainable Is- 
raeli bargaining position. 

Mr. Netanyahu even seems prepared 
to discuss the formation of a Likud- 
Labor coalition government, which 
would free him to make some difficult 

Palestinian leaders, while wary of 
skipping past the remaining land trans- 
fers due under Oslo, have recently been 
thinking creatively about final-status 
issues. On Jerusalem, for example. Mr. 
Arafat now talks about a Vatican City- 
type arrangement, which would not 
require a redivision of the city. Others 
have ventured further, suggesting a 
new Palestinian capital that wouldTlie 
inside metropolitan Jerusalem but out- 
side present city limits. 

Compromises on Jerusalem and the 
other issues will be painful for both 
sides, and impossible without sus- 
tained pressure and encouragement 
from Washington. They will have to 
honor Israel's need for military se- 
curity, and legitimate Palestinian as- 
pirations to national dignity. 

Before any kind of talks can begin 
again, Mr. Arafat must unequivocally 
restate his opposition to terr ori sm and 
back up his words with consistent ac- 
tions. Mr. Netanyahu should respond 
with constructive gestures in the eco- 
nomic sphere — for example, allowing 
the opening of the Palestinian airport 
and seaport facilities in Gaza. Nothing, 
however, will happen without tire di- 
rect and active involvement of Mr. 
Clinton and Mrs. Albright. America 
can be the indispensable nation only if 
its leaders are prepared to make it so. 


A Battle for Kohl 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl has an- 
nounced that he will run for a fifth 
term, which, if served, would make 
him Germany's longest-seated leader. 
He is not content to have made history, 
and gone down in history, as die man 
who seized a perishable opportunity 
and helped to reunify Germany as die 
Cold War came to aclose. If he wins be 
would also become the chancellor who 
helped to lead a united Germany into 
the ambitious European initiatives of 

establishing a single currency, a long 
step on the way to European unity, and 

of expanding the European Union and 
NATO to the east. 

Not that any of that is a foregone 
conclusion. Mr. Kohl’s push to join 

the countries launching a Ei 
currency by 1999 entails difficult 
domestic reforms and cuts in the ex- 
travagant welfare payments that ease 
Germany’s painful and persisting 
unemployment, now at a postwar re- 
cord of 4.7 million. 

The opposition Social Democrats, 
who dominate the second parliamen- 
tary chamber, label him the “unem- 
ployment chancellor’' and insist that 
they will make job creation — not 

welfare cuts — the measure of German 
policy and politics. 

hi his own Christian Democratic 
party. Mr. Kohl reigns uncontested He 
lags behind the Social Democrats in the 
polls, but they have no single agreed- 
upon figure to challenge him and do not 
intend to pick a candidate until next 
April. That gives Mr. Kohl the oppor- 
tunity he obviously relishes to dominate 
German political life and to reinforce his 
image as a familiar but reliable presence 
who knows how to get the big things 
done. He enjoys this reputation not- 
withstanding an unemployment figure 
that by the American standard would be 
considered politically fatal. Germany’s 
extensive safety net enables him to sur- 
vive. So far, anyway. 

The chancellor is that rare demo- 
cratic politician who has been given 
the chance to reach very high for a very 
long time. He has thrived by reading 
remarkably accurately the pulse of his 
electorate. For that reason his decision 
to reach for an unprecedented fifth 
term in the present economic circum- 
stances does not seem so outlandish. It 
will be an awfully interesting race. 


Help for Farmworkers 

Few laborers in America have as 
little clout with their bosses as farm 
workers. The work is unskilled and die 
labor pool huge and mobile. Many 
farmworkers are illegal immigrants 
and therefore reluctant to report em- 
ployers who do not pay die minimum 
wage or Social Security or fail to 
provide water and toilets in the field. 
Farm wages have been dropping for 20 
years. Because of thepolitical power of 
big growers, the federal government 
has never been particularly helpful to 
farmworkers. But now Washington is 
taking two actions that will give them 
some much needed protection. 

The Labor Department’s wage and 
hour division last month announced 
new roles for growers who employ 
labor contractors to hire crews. The 
new roles will make it easier for farm 
workers to hold growers responsible 
when the labor contractors cheat them. 

In addition, enforcement will be 

strengthened. The wane and hour di- 
vision now has only three farm labor 
inspectors in Florida, for example, and 
they also enforce dozens of other laws. 
The Jack of scrutiny gives employers 
license to pay workers $2 or $3 an hour 
and cheat them of Social Security and 
overtime. The division will add 200 
workers in die seven states with the 
highest immigration; New York, New 
Jersey, Illinois, Texas, Florida. Cali- 
fornia and Arizona. They will focus on 
farm labor, garment manufacturing 
and janitorial services, which employ 
large numbers of immigrants. 

Congress authorized the added staff 
to reduce employers' incentives to hire 
illegal immigrants. Tire staff will still 
be too small for adequate inspections, 
but together with the new contracting 
rules the increased presence will help 
discourage growers from cheating 
their most vulnerable workers. 







RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher & Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER. Executive Editor 

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China Should Learn That Respect Is Reciprocal 

P ARIS — A famous episode in the 
relations of China with the West 
was the mission of the eminent 18th 
century British diplomat Lord Macart- 
ney to the Manchu emperor at his sum- 
mu palace in Jehol in 1793. 

Lord Macartney was sent by the Brit- 
ish government to protest a decree that 
bad restricted all of China's foreign sea 
trade to the single port of Canton. A 
Chinese merchant corporation had been 
established to monopolize that trade — 
to Britain’s disadvantage, as the dom- 
inant European trader with China. 

Macartney was escorted to the em- 
peror with pomp and ceremony, under 

By William Pfaff 

banners saying “Ambassador bearing 
tribute." The emperor accepted the 

f 'fts sent by George HI but rejected 
ritain’s trade demands in the con- 
descending language appropriate to 
dealings with importunate foreign non- 
entities. Macartney saved the day for 
Britain by declining to kowtow. 

Vice President A1 Gore did his best 
to remain metaphorically standing 
while in Beijing at the end of March, 
presenting American trade and political 
demands, but it would have been better 
had he not gone. China’s position with 
respect to foreign protestations has not 
much changed in 200 yearn. Mr. Gore's 
visit coincided with controversy over 
China’s alleged attempts to bribe the 
squabbling barbarians in Washington. 

Newt Gingrich, the U.S. House lead- 
er, tried again when he arrived in 

Beijing, declaring that the United States 
would defend Taiwan. He backed off 
when Washington reminded him that 
U.S. policy is “strategic ambiguity.’’ 
His Chinese hosts implacably informed 
him that the matter referred to con- 
cerned their empire’s internal affairs. 

Additional embarrassment was 
provided on April 1 in Geneva, by UN 
Ambassador Bill Richardson saying 
that America was “determined 1 ' to see 
that a resolution on Chinese h uman 
rights abuse goes before the UN Hu- 
man Rights Commission this year, but 
retreating into strategic ambiguity 
when asked if the United States would 
actually put such a resolution forward. 

He spent several unpleasant minutes 
avoiding answering why, if America’s 
determination was so strong, it was 
equally determined that someone else 
present the resolution, so as to deflect 
China’s anger. The Europeans are not 
interested in doing so, nor is Japan. 

The American position on human 
rights, one Geneva questioner con- 
cluded, appears to be to “call for very 
severe sanctions on small countries ana 
make big deals with big ones.” 

These humiliating episodes will con- 
tinue so long as the Clinton admin- 
istration looks for favors on behalf of 
American business, while interfering in 
Chin a’s internal affairs by giving (in- 

effectual) support to human rights. The 
hypocrisy invites China’s contempt, 
which could prove rather dangerous. 

China sees itself as having restored its 
status as a great power. It expects to be 
treated as such and to have its absolute 
sovereignty over its people and its tra- 
ditional domain respected. Ir defines that 
domain in expansive terms. 

It expects to wield international in- 
fluence, offering few concessions. It 
makes an assump tion of natural su- 
periority. which derives from China's 
long and b rilliant history, and from its 
peculiar, indeed unique, historical per- 
ception of itself as “the middle king- 
dom" about which ail lesser things 
revolve. This, too, could be dangerous. 

China unquestionably deserves to be 
treated with respect, but there must also 
be candid statement by its neighbors 
and interlocutors of their own prin- 
ciples, interests and expectations. Re- 
ciprocal respect is necessary. 

Americans have always had an ob- 
session with China’s sheer scale: the 
immense numbers of souls to be saved 
by New England’s 19th century mis- 
sionaries, then a huge array of potential 
converts to American democracy and 
today of customers to buy American 
manufactures. No major American cor- 
poration can afford not to have its com- 
mitment to the Chinese marketplace. 

There has also been a certain para- 
noia about China. It was a vast mission 
field, a protectorate of America’s 

(Americans thought) in the time of the 
’ ‘Open Door," a wartime ally and can- 
didate to lead the postwar world— one 
of FDR’s “Big Four.” But it also be- 
came a China “lost” to communism 
( because of communism’s American 
sympathizers, or so it was held in the 
1950s). becoming a soulless nation 
threatening America by its revoluuon- 
aiy diligen ce, and then an enemy in the 
Korean and Vietnam wars. 

Now it has become a huge potential 
marketplace and putative 21st century 
superpower. Even, according to some 
authors. Samuel Huntington of Harvard 
and former Defense Secretary Caspar 
Weinberger among them, America's 
enemy in a third world war. We still 
insist on seeing China in dimensions 
that it does not quite possess. 

It is time fortiie United States to treat 
China in terms of what it actually is 
today; an immense but backward coun- 
try m the early stages of industrial- 
ization, with troubled political as well 
as economic prospects. Its interests 
most be respected, and also whai it has 
iy p p p»pn»n Fnr fr nman civilization, but 
it should, be treated with reticence, real- 
ism awl a certain detachment. 

Hie government in Washington, of 
what remains the world’s most power- 
fill nation, owes to itself, but also to 
China, Lord Macartney’s dignified re- 
fusal of the kowtow. 

International Herald Tribune. 

& Los Angeles Tunes Syndicate. 

Japan: Coming Financial Reforms Will Pay Off in a Big Way 

T OKYO — The view from 
abroad is that either Japan's 
“big bang” financial reforms 
will fizzle or they will be a great 
opportunity for foreign busi- 
ness to profit at the expense of 
Japan's sickly financial insti- 
tutions. From here, it looks 
daily more certain that they will 
happen at least as quickly as 
ann ounced, and that the main 

beneficiary will be Japan itself. 

Much painful restructuring 
has yet to come, but the big 
bang will be a great opportunity 
for Japan to fulfil] the manifest 
destiny of leading manufactur- 
ing economies: to use tbeir ex- 
cess capital to transform them- 
selves into centers of finance. 

Skepticism is natural. Ja 
ese banks are closing 
overseas operations. Japanese 
are still stuck in a defensive, 
deflationary mentality, despite 
evident signs of self-sustaining 
economic revival. The bureau- 
cracy is still manipulating in- 
terest rates to extortionately low 
levels — a 2.25 percent yield on 
10-year bonds. It has also yet to 
shake off the knee-jerk pater- 
nalism by which healthy banks 
are supposed to rescue failures. 

But the reform p ro gram has 
sufficient detail, liming and 
consensus behind it to ensure 
that it will happen, and have 
consequences which go far be- 
yond the financial sector. 

Japan's establishment has 
recognized that old corporafist 
Japan, with its myriad econom- 
ic and social linkages, does not 
work well any longer. As in pre- 
Thatcher Britain, old structures 
need tearing down. The finan- 
cial sector, once a cornerstone 
of the system, is in disgrace, 
having spawned tens of biflioas 
in losses and multiple scandals. 
It cannot resist change. 

The pretensions of bureau- 
cratic paternalism have been ex- 
posed. There is even a creeping 
realization that the old protected 

By Philip Bo wring 

finan cial .structures caused Ja- 
pan to surrender to the world’s 
major debtor die leverage that 
ought to come with being the 
world’s largest creditor. 

At the very least Japan’s 
pivotal trade and investment 
role in Asia should be reflected 
in its financial institutions. 

Unlike the partially imple- 
mented Maekawa reforms of the 
late 1980s. primarily designed 
to please foreigners, today’s are 
driven by Japan's own sense of 
need for change. The failings of 
the old system have become 
costly and painful A new stim- 
ulus is urgently needed, as well 
as balm for the public finances, 
before the aging of the popu- 
lation suffocates the economy. 

There is even a realization 
that serving the needs of the 
consumer, rather than maxim- 
izing market share or oligopol- 

istic profits, can be good busi- 
ness, stimulating domestic 
demand, reducing the trade sur- 
plus and reallocating resources. 

Instead of being dragged un- 
willingly to liberalization and 
globalization. Japan is at last 
realizing that it can and must 
benefit from these processes 
while it still has a huge capital 
surplus and has not lost its in- 
ventive prowess. Anglo-Saxon 
style liberalization may not be 
ideal for Japan, but drastic 
change has to start somewhere. 
Foreign ideas, once imported, 
can always be adapted. 

The old corporatist spirit is 
still strong enough to contem- 

plate sowing the seeds of its own 
dilution. After’ 

years of debate, a 
consensus on reform has been 
reached. Implementation is 
moving into gear. Even bureau- 
crats in the Ministry of Finance 

— those with the most power to 
lose — are driving it forward. 
Change will happen even faster 
than the optimists expect 

Complete removal of ex- 
change control will give a huge 
boost to two-way capital flows; 
abolition of walls between fi- 
nancial sectors will create in- 
stitutional as well price com- 
petition. Harmonization of 
taxes and procedures with in- 
ternational standards will make 
Tokyo an international center, 
and the yen a global currency 
befitting Japan's foreign asset 
base, its manufacturing and 
trading role. Much of this will 
be painful for old institutions, 
but great for Japan. 

The changes in the financial 
sector are likely to have broad 
consequences. They will speed 
the erosion of the mutually pro- 
tective links between major 
banks and the keiretsu, the com- 
mercial and industrial group- 

ings, some vertical and some 
ho rizo ntal, which dominate 
corporate Japan. This in turn 
wfll in time force firms to be 
individually more self-reliant, 
more responsive to outside 
shareholders, more concerned 
with rates of return on capital. 

As the corporate governance 
role of banks declines, there will A 
he a shift in financial assets away * 

from bank deposits to wider 
share ownership. There will be 
takeovers battles, too. For good 
or fli, the social contract between 
corporate Japan and its employ- 
ees will be altered. 

The flowering of Japan’s fi- 
nancial sector, domestic and in- 
ternational, from the ashes of 
todays scandals and defaults, 
will take the dollar-based mar- 
kets (especially those in Asia) 

by surprise. Morgan, Goldman, 
Merrill andi 

and company; Learn the 
lesson of the Lexus. 

International Herald Tribune. 

Cuba: Lift This Harsh Embargo on Medicines 


band, it is hard to think of 
any single foreign policy act by 
the United States that is meaner, 
more demeaning and altogether 
less defensible than the Amer- 
ican embargo on medicines, 
medical supplies and food to 
Cuba. The ban was added in 
1964 to the broader anti-Castro 
embargo begun in 1960. 

It is continually cutting deep- 
er, making the United States a 
to the infliction of suf- 
ig on an unoffending civil- 
ian population. The toll is newly 
documented by a report, a year 
in the malting, by nme experts 
organized by the American As- 
sociation for World Health. 

The end of Soviet subsidies 
and the passage of the Cuban 
Democracy Act of 1992 and the 

By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 

Helms-Burton Act of 1996, the 
report states, have done heavy 
damage that the island nation’s 
world-hailed primary health 
care system has been able to 
limit only in part. Malnutrition, 
deterioration of water quality 
and sometimes fatal deficits in 
medicines, equipment and med- 
ical information are die results. 

When the report came out 
last month, the Albright State 
Department was ready with a 
rejection of “any allegation that 
the United States government is 

responsible for die deplorable 
in Cuba." 

state of health care 
Of its $2 billion in foreign 

only sf 6 million on medicine, 
said the spokesman, observing 

Jerusalem Heads the Agenda 

sticking point in die ne- 
gotiation between Israel and 
the Palestinians has always 
been Jerusalem. 

Jewish voters last year de- 
cided overwhelmingly that 
Benjamin Netanyahu was less 
likely than Shimon Peres to 
crumble on die indivisibility 
of their nation’s capital. Since 
that election, the flash point of 
most controversy Iras re- 
mained Jerusalem. 

Yasser Arafat incited a fur- 
or over a tunnel that Israelis 
had every right to reopen in 
their capitaL He then seized on 
the construction of bousing on 
a barren bill inside the city 
limits to incite rioting — all to 
assert a claim to a piece of 
Jerusalem to be his capital. 

Mr. Arafat chose to put his 
claim to Jerusalem on the 
agenda, so Mr. Netanyahu 
proposes to address it now. 

The easy part of plans laid in 
Oslo — awarding the Arabs 
much of the West Bank in re- 
turn for a permanent renun- 
ciation of terror — was sup- 
posed to come first. But reality 
intruded. When Israel acted as 
if it controlled its own capital 
(as it never agreed in Oslo to 
stop doing), the Palestinian 
Authority claimed provocation 
and broke its agreement to con- 
trol Arab terrorists. 

This exposed the great mis- 
take in the “easy part first” 
approach taken by Shimon 
Peres. Israel was to make a 
series of West Bank territorial 
concessions along the way to 

By William Safire 

the endgame, when Mr. Arafat 
would surely say: “Not 
enough — we also want a 
large piece of Jerusalem.” No 
other land would be left to 
close a deal. 

Unless Israel then sur- 
rendered the sovereignty of 
part of its capital, the Jewish 
state would be branded a glob- 
al pariah and targeted in an 
extended jihad. It would stand 
fast in defense of its capital, 
and there would be no peace. 

That is why Mr. Netan- 
yahu’s proposal to get to the 
point within the next six 
months makes good sense for 
both sides. He accepts the 
reality that Mr. Arafat is daily 
trying to negotiate the cap- 
ital’s status. He urges that this 
claim be put on the table now 
and discussed as part of an 
overall settlement. 

Mr. Arafat is refusing un- 
less Israel is willing to signal 
its willingness to weaken its 
stand on the unity of Jeru- 
salem at the outset. That un- 
derlies his demand for an end 
to what he calls “settlement” 
inside the Israeli capital — as 
if Israel ’s building of bousing 
in the city limits were a col- 
onization of his territory. 

If Mr. Netanyahu conceded 
that, he would concede the di- 
vision of Jerusalem. By main- 
taining unmistakable political 
control of Israel’s whole cap- 
ital, he makes clear the limits 
of the final deal — and invites 

a realistic response from 
Palestinians who at last have a 
state of their own in sight. 

He sees the U.S. {Resident 
this Monday. Bill Clinton will 
be tempted to curry favor with 
Palestinians by repeating his 
“wish” that Israel stop build- 
ing and otherwise asserting its 
sovereignty in Jerusalem. He 
should resist that temptation to 
appear evenhanded, because it 
raises Mr. Arafat’s hopes of 
getting the capital he wants. If 
the Palestinian feadw should 
take Mr. Clinton's misplaced 
“wish" as a signal of coming 
U.S. pressure to dividelsrael’s 
capitaL the peace process 
would aid with Israel grimly 
setting its own borders and 
locking out Arab workers. 

And if die president gets the 
urge to hint that Mr. Netan- 
yahu should form a coalition 
government In IsraeL to give 
Shimon Peres the last hurrah 
he desperately seeks, Mr. 
Clinton should bite his 
tongue. The possibility of 
uniting with Labor is a club 
that Mr. Netanyahu uses to 
keep Likud hawks in line, but 
it would foster a fresh bark of 
Pales-tinian unreality. 

Ehud Barak will replace 
Mr. Peres at Labor's head this 
summer; a tough-minded co- 
alition might then work. 

Mr. Clinton could help by 
holding out the promise of a 
Camp David conclusion to the 
next six months of direct Is- 
raeli-Palestxman final-status 
negotiations. . 

ThcNnv York Times. 

that the embargo allows human- 
itarian shipments to Cuba and 
that “tiie United States” re- 
mains the hugest donor. Fidel 
Castro chooses to spend not on 
his own people fan on die “little 
toys” of his military and a nu- 
clear power plant, he jeered. 

Look closely here: The 
United States determinedly 
squeezes the medical sector and 
the whole Cuban economy, har- 
asses the Cubans for trying to 
compensate and then blames 
Havana for failing to lighten the 
impact The American govern- 
ment then boasts of opening the 
very humanitarian loophole that 
it strives in practice to narrow. 

In fact, tiie fount of charity is 
not “the United States’ ‘"’but 
private donors. 

Note that at tiie United Na- 
tions, the Clinton administra- 
tion has just got Saddam Hus- 
sein to use the humanitarian 
loophole written into the sanc- 

tions constricting Iraq. It is 
loophole substantially more 

generous and more accessible 
than the one affecting Cuba. 

The group that has done this 
new study seems sympathetic to 
the Castro government’s cam- 
paign against the whole Amer- 
ican embargo. My own view is 
that at this late date the general 
embargo has a modest but 

in a negotiated windup of the 
Communist regime. But tiie 
medical embargo is different 

It employs a technique of war 
against civilians, ft separates 
Americans from tiie practice 
and belief of our closest friends. 

If it is an increment in the power 
equation, it is a dubious one, 
less the source of leverage than 
of shame. _ 

In tiie Cold War, we might 
have asserted a higher priority, 
the survival of our civilization. 
Does someone still need to be 
reminded that the Cold War is 
over? That Mr. Castro’s days as 
a threat to U.S. security and 
global poise are gone? 

The question spins on as to 
whether engagement or isola- 
tion best erodes the mischief 
and the power of revolutionary 
regimes. We need not be the 
slaves of a foolish consistency. 
But if we have decided that en- 
gagement suits China and iso- 
lation suits Cuba, we are 
obliged to ask why. 

One reason for tiie inconsist- 
ency arises from Cuba’s visible 
presence in the neighborhood 
and from the seeming feasibility 
of engineering change in a small if 
close-by place. A second is the* 
startling readiness of hard-line 
Miami Cubans to inflict pain 
upon their kin. Another is a his- 
torical rage at what some Amer- 
icans perceive as Mr. Castro’s 
insolence in maintarnmg his 
power over our teeth- gnashing. 

None of these considerations 
can possibly rise to a level jus- 
tifying the denial of American 
medicines to Cuban children. 

The Washington Post. 

■ V|- 7. 


‘ 1 Ll- 

- 4 ” 

v Wv 

; v nr-.; 


1897: Hurrah for War 

ATHENS — A Note handed by 
the foreign Powers to M. 
Skouzes, foe Minister of For- 
eign Affairs, announced their 
resolution to maintain {be gen- 
eral peace and that in case of an 
armed conflict on the Grsco- 
Turirish frontier, all responsibil- 
ity would rest on the aggressors. 
It is certain that toe Powers will 
enforce the blockade of the Gulf 
of Athens. The national Inde- 
pendence F6te was celebrated 
with enthusiasm. During the 
passage of the carriage contain- 
ing the leading members of the 
Government, there was a rain of 

melody was given. Some one 
remarked to him: “You seem to 
be enjoying it, Caleb.” “Jaz’Js 
he responded sententiously;” 
and that was the only criticism he 
would make. So, from a neigh- 
borhood “josh,” tiie phrase 

‘ ‘jaz’ so” spread, but it became 
shortened after a little to just 
“jazz,” with the double “z/’ 




1947: ‘Lion Men’ 

DAR. ES SALAAM — Disre- 
garding tiie perils of African 
jungle witchcraft, colonial po-* 
fa* rounded up twenty-six na-j 
tive tribesmen and tribeswomen 
in connection with a series of 

pieces of paper with toe inscrin- s ^? es °S 

tion “Hurrah for war!” ^ klllings ,J n Tan B»-' 

nyixa s lion _ man country. 1 

1090 ¥ 9 rt ■ . Morc fa 30 forty deaths have! 

jazar s Ungin been attributed toabandofb us fa 

PARIS — There is a story about 

tiie origin of the word “jazz.” 

Caleb Truthful, 

country killers who garb them-' 
selves in lions’ skins. African! 

. a backwoods 

farmer, was present when one of 

the first concerts of “tin-pan” 

witchcraft and riygby between* 
powerful witch doctors aright! 
have been tiie underlying cause* 
of the wave of killings. ■ * 





Consider the Clone: Duplication of Effort? 

By William Safire 

I iSSIri^ dowe need?), sheco- 

TwS^ °° a . pun m cI °m^ 

cS^Lf^ “Send “ *e 
“2““.- and other such cloning around. 

nr^w^ u e ^ hcadin ^ into What Busi- 
nres Week calls * tte Biotech Century ” 


TTic noun means “replica, duplic- 
?® ; . m ^ology^ “an organism no- 
du ,® Bd asexually from as^cao^ 
or which, up to now, meet often 
'Bating?' a oonpolitical t^ 
used by botanists. A duplicated cell can 
be good or bad: when the body pro- 
duces cells to fight infection, they are 
clones-, but so, on the other hand, are 
^fncer cells. The essence of the word is 
t same genetic makeup” — more 
replication” than ’ 'reproduction ” 
and not involving scat. 

The noun produced avert), to clone 
meaning “to propagate so as to form a 
genetic duplicate,” winch first ap- 
peared m the magazine Nature in 1959. 
7]^o adji f ct,ve cionai was coined in 
1968 and sl a mm ed into the public con- 
sciousness in 1971, when the Nobel 

laureate James Watson tided a seminal 

article in The Atlantic Monthly ‘ ‘Mov- 
ing Toward Clonal Man — Is This 
What We Want?” (The word seminal, 
meaning “original and influential,” 
comes from semen ; Loin for “seed,” 
the fluid containing sperm cells.) 

Confusion surrounds the coinage of 
clone. The Century Dictionary, first 
published in 1889, -cited a scientist 
named John Ashbumer, “Constitutions 
differ according to degrees of tone and 
clone." This referred to “the condition 
of clonus " or spasmodic contraction 
and relaxation of muscles, rooted in the 

Greek Monos, “violent confused mo- 
tion, tumirriL’’Thaic/(?m« can befound 
in the most recemMeiriam- Webster. 

In 1893, first-edition Oxford Eng- 
lish Dictionary lexicographers took a 
look at the Granny's clone and decided 
one citation was not enough to rate an 
entry. They preferred an adjective 
found in an 1849 citation, clonic 
spasm. But in the' 1972 OHD Sup- 
ple ment, th e word clone appeared with 
a different meaning and a different 
Greek root (for “twig’’), coined .in 
1903 by the botanist HJ. Webber. The 

cake were served, Marie Riddcr. wid- 
ow of a founder of the Knight-Ridder 
newspaper chain, told The New York 
limes rood reporter Marian Burros of 
her White House visit: “I was invited 
to high tea , and the petits fours were 
fabulous. It was like a Viennese pastry 

oiganisms produced asexuatty from a 
single sexually produced ancestor.” 

Clone already has grafted its way 
onto political metaphor. “Britain's 
Tony Blair is a Bill Ctintan clone" is 
not a genetic analysis but a semantic 
stretch: in .such use. the meaning of 
clone is imitator, or in its slang form, 
wannabe . Another sense is “robot, 
automaton, android'’ (and I'll be 
beamed up by Mr. Spodt’s fens for 
that), hr cyberiingo, a clone is “a com- 
puter designed to run the same soft- 
ware as a competitor’s computer.” 


The propagation of this word is 
global: the Germans write their noun 
Klon, and the French clone (but they 
pronounce it their special way). The 
Russians lengthen it to fdoniravanic. 
Japanese use a phonetic approximation 
— kurort, though some prefer bunshi- 
kei, which means “branching sys- 
tem," akin to the Greek far “twig.” 
That linguistic creativity is also ap- 
parent in Chinese: fu zhi is represented, 
by the characters for “copy” and 
“produce.” As its frequency of use 
rises, die intercourse-free meaning ac- 
cents the sexual activity associated 
with the veib reproduce. 

In a variation an the use of coffee to 
describe a meeting at which ooiree and 

Correction comes from Gary Glynn 
of New York. “I have seen tee ref- 
erences to high tea recently when the 
speaker or writer meant afternoon 
tea." We all know what the food at 
afternoon tea is: pastries, round or tri- 
angular quick bread called scones , and 
smoked salmon and cucumber slices 
on bread with the crust removed called 
“finger sandwiches ” — not, as pop- 
ularly believed, so named by cannibals. 
When served about 4 PM. with a nice 
pot of tea, including a “slop bowl” 
nearby, the traditional if fattening re- 
past is called afternoon tea. 

But a special sense of the word high 
— as in the British usage high street, 
meaning “main road" — takes us to a 
different kettle of fish. “ High tea is 
actually supper,” explains Glynn, “a 
substantial evening meal of hot food 
and tea. I believe there is a working- 
class connotation to high tea. but dic- 
tionaries are too polite to mention it.” 

A 1981 story in The New York 
Times, quoting a person with an Eng- 
lish accent at a Bronxville gathering, 
confirms this: “High tea means kip- 
pers, ham and eggs, treacle. It’s what 
the working class eats instead of sup- 

The error in America probably 
stems from considering the fine af- 
ternoon service to be “high-class 
tea.” If, however, one is invited to the 
White House for high tea, expect to 
stay overnight in the Lincoln Bed- 
room. On second thought, that's now 
out; better assume they mean after- 
noon tea. 

New fork Times Service 


Violence, Television, and Other 
American Cultures 

By John Leonard. 290 pages. $23. The 
. 1 New Press. 

Reviewed by David Nicholson 

"D ACK in the ’60s, when I was a young 
D rascal in college, about the only way 
I ever watched television was to share a 
joint or two wife friends and then turn on 
fee box,leaving fee sound down while we 
listened to music really, realty load. What 
~l was on fee small screen seldom bore any 

relationship to fee Hendrix, Doors or 
Mies Davis spinning on the turntable. 
(This really was a long time ago.) Eyqy 
once in a while, though, somet h ing in- 
tersected, and fee resulting' homemade 
light show. was far mops interesting than 
£ any unaugmented sitcom or drama. 

1 hadn’t thought about those evenings . 
in at least a decade, not till reading John 
Leonard's nearly 300 pages defending 
what used to be called the boob tube. 
Despite lots of snappy writing and a 
provocative diesis, “Smoke and Mir- 
rors” had me scratching my head and 
wondering whether I really was as out of 
it as I felt once I'd finished. - 
This is a book that makes “a case for 
• ■: J? television in spite of knowing that the 
people who create it rely on formula, 
(and feat) the people in charge are only 
in it for the money.” Fair enough. 

By Alas Trascott 

I N the department of funny 
endings, fee deal shown in 
fee diagram deserves a place. 
It occurred recently at fee Tri- 
Stans Regional Champion- 
ship in Rye, New York, and 
the declarer was Charles 
Greeley of LarchmonL New 
York, who was on the way to 
victory in the Senior Pairs 
I with Dr. Alfred Lewis of 

The contract was four 
spades, after a two no-trump 
opening and a three-heart 
transfer response that re- 
quired a three-spade bid. 

After winning the heart- 
queen lead wife the ace, 


But when Leonard makes statements 
Hke this: “(Television) is full of sur- 
prising gravity and grace ... we'd actually 
be a kinder, gentler, healthier nation if in 
fact we embraced thescxuples and im- 
itated, the. behaviors recommended by 

. mntf witwmiwnftif pmgwnn^" IbegmtO 

wonder what he's been watching sad 'ft 
his viewing has been, well, influenced as 
outs was nearly 30 years ago. 

That last bit of flippancy shouldn’t 
obscure fee good things about this book, 
because there, really is a spine of sin- 
cerity atits core. The chapter “Ed Sul- 
Bvan Died for Our Sins” is a jxwerfully 
nostalgic lament for the variety show 
host who “kept the faith” and “every 
week renewed it, telling os .what was 
funny. wh&was important, and how we 
were supposed tofeel about the world he 
/Uonjtpred.Qi^ocr Jrehalf.”. It’s also an 
acknowledgment oDiow mndi the world 
(read television) has changed since Sul- 
livan went off die air. 

And I can’t deny thatLeanard wields a 
laugh-out-loud magic wife words. Cable 
channels like Nickelodeon are “niche 
broadcasting for niche wits.” Linda 
Hamilton of fee “Terminator” movies 
is a “Ramhimbo.” Or this: “Where 
there's ‘Hair,’ there is also ‘Grease.’ ” 

I wish I'd written those. And even 
though dime's a little too much of that 
land of thing — the aphorisms and aper- 
cus float past like soap bubbles, then 
burst wife as much consequence — Le- 


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Bath sues were vntoeraMa TfceNd- 

South West North East 

2 NX Pass 39 . Pass 

3* Pass 4* Pass 

West led the heart queen. 

South cashed the spade ace 
and led a dub. 

East won and returned a 
diamond, which was finessed 

A club was ruffed, and a 
spade lead to the king allowed 
another club ruff. Then a dia- 
mond to the ace and yet an- 
other club ruff left the ending 
shown at right: 

The. contract was already 
safe, but Greeley was able to 
maneuver an overtrick, and a 
top scare, by leading a heart 
from the dummy. East could 
not afford to ruff, and if be 
had thrown fee club queen 
South would have won, led 
his club winner, and thrown 
the heart ten from the 

East therefore gave up a 
diamond, but that proved to 
be no better. South won wife 
the king, ruffed a club and 
ruffed a diamond. West's 
heart winner and East's trunq> 
winner clashed at trick 13. 


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14 Stratagem 
’ is "Mart Attacks!” 

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k Vote 

Cate finisher 
i> Guardian ot 
Crete, in 
classical myth 
ie Actor Amaz 
■ 20 Agatha Christie 

23 * AS day's 


24 Legal thing 
as Keats’s work on 

M Grp. that 

as Ironworker's 

37 Decree 

38 Kent’s state 
30 investigative 

too! * 

«2 “EZ Streets" 
actor Ken 

49 Mars: Prefix 

44 playful aquatic 

45 OKI TV . , , 

comecfian Louis 

48 Hl-fiS 

40 Aegean, e.fl. 

4 * Worker with e 

80 Ex-G.l. 

ax Dismiss OghOy 

81 Work over Tfrne 

82 Profit 

■a 687 days on . 


ssJeune (flirt, 

in France) 

80 Wort repeated 

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•8 Skedaddles 
88 Word ending a 
■ threat 

Solution to Pwarie of April 4 

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3 Words Of 

4 PhySdst Enrico 

0 Old wound mark 
7 Drug shipment, / 

0 . ■■■ — effort 
s Separate 

10 Musical finales 

11 Prez 

. 1 * Where a student 


-(3 Geraint's lady 

»i Miniature map 
xa Scarfs; 

as Go a 


38 FrtHy place mat 

37 Bert's "Sesame 
Street" buddy 

ae Ere 

30 Gunpowder 


31 Cattfomte- 
Nevada resort 

22 Some 


32 Evangelist 

24 Army attack 
J* Powell or 
e.g.: Abbr. 

38 Halloween mo. 
so Grain 

48 Drunkard' 

47 Seed* to- ba 

48 Restrain through 

81 Mint family 

as Lady's escort 
is Altar vows 

84 MasterCard 

58 Wicked 
ss Cotton quantity 

O New yorifc Times/Edited by Will Short*. 


STILL RECOVERING — Archbishop Michel Sabbah of Jerusalem greeting Udai Hussein, a son of the 
Iraqi president, at a hospital in Baghdad. Mr. Hussein was wounded in an assassination attempt Dec. 12. 

Netanyahu Heads to Washington 

Israeli Leader Says He Will Not Yield on Jerusalem Settlement 

onaid shows ample reserves of insight 
and intelligence. So feat when he il- 
lustrates his “lively sense of what tele- 
vision has been trying to teD us about 
decency, civil discourse, and social 
justice” wife examples of television’s 
treatment of AIDS, race or child abuse, 
or characterizes the medium as “fam- 
ously inclusive . . . weirdly democratic, 
multicultural, utopian, and quixotic,' ’ he 
almost convinces me. 

In die end, though, I think about watch- 
ing “ 3rd Rock From fee Sim” or “NYPD 
Blue” or “Friends” (whose characters 
make me wish I could step into the screen 
for just five minutes so that I could slap 
them all silly), and I say to myself, “No 
thanks.” I'd rather watch a movie or read 
a book — even, if desperate enough, Toni 
Mcnrison’s tangled polemics or Dinesh 
D’Souza’s misguided sermons on£ace v 

It just might 'be feat, as Lpanarfl 
claims, “there is more generosity and 
intelligence in a single hour of episodic 
television written by a (Steven) Bochco, 
or a Tom Fontana, or a David Kelley, or 
a John Secret Young . . . than in all fee 
screenplays combined of Joe Eszteshas 
and John MBius,” but isn’t that like 
asking whether you’d rather the kid- 
napper cm off y am hand ot your foot to 
send wife the ransom note? 

David Nicholson, a Washington 
writer, wrote this for The Washington 


JERUSALEM — Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel traveled 
to the United States on Sunday for crisis 
talks with President Bill Clinton, re- 
fusing to scrap die construction of a 
Jewish settlement in East Jerusalem that 
has ignited Palestinian fury. 

“The construction in Jerusalem, the 
construction on Har Homa, will con- 
tinue," the prime minister’s cabinet sec- 
retary, Danny Naveh, said on Israeli 
Army radio before they flew to fee 
United States. 

Foreign Minister David Levy ex- 
pressed confidence that "Mr. Clinton 
would not demand that Israel stop the 
6.500;home project at Har Homa, a pine- 
covered hillt op fear Palestinians call 
Jabal Abu Ghneiro. 

“The U.S. approach on this issue is 
well-known — it does not entail con- 
frontation or pressure, but friendly and 
responsible clarification, and that is the 
way it is going to be, ” Mr. Levy said. 

Clashes have erupted nearly every 
day since Israel broke ground March 1 8 
at the site, land that each side claims as 
its own. 

"Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian leader, 
left for India to urge nations in the Non- 
aligned Movement “to support Pale- 
stinian political rights and condemn the 
Israeli settlement activity,” his adviser, 
Nabil Abu Rdainah, stud Sunday. 

But Israeli officials contended that the 
White House shared Israel's view fear 
the root of the crisis was not settlements 
but fee Palestinians' use of violence and 
“terrorism” as a political bargaining 

Mr. Netanyahu was also lo meet King 
Hussein of Jordan on Sunday in Min- 
nesota, where fee monarch had prostate 
surgery, before flying to Washington to 
meet President Ginton on Monday. 

Mr. Netanyahu hopes to get Mr. Gin- 
ton behind his offer to seal a final peace 
within six months, ending, if necessary, 
with an intensive U.S.-Israeli-Palestini- 
an summit meeting like the one at Camp 
David in 1978 feat paved the way to 
peace between Israel and Egypt 

The European Union’s Middle East 
envoy, Miguel Angel Moratinos, mean- 
while. has held several meetings wife 
Israeli and Palestinian leaders in fee past 
few days. 

“Mr. Moratinos has been discussing a 
series of confidence-building measures 
feat might be taken by both sides.” a 
spokesman for the envoy said Sunday, 
declining to give details. 

“He bad encouraging meetings with 
Arafat last night ana Foreign Minister 
Levy today,” the spokesman said. 

Palestinians view Mr. Netanyahu's 
offer of go-for-broke talks as a ploy to 
circumvent interim accords that already 
require Israel to hand over occupied 

land. They view Har Homa as a uni- 
lateral act feat violates a deal to negotiate 
the Jewish settlement issue. 

A final deal would have to tackle the 
toughest issues: Jerusalem, borders, 
Jewish settlers and Palestinian 

The spokesman for the U.S. State 
Deportment. Nicholas Bums, said: “We 
are developing our own ideas and we’re 
going to put them forward.” 

A Palestinian cabinet minister, Hanan 
Ashrawi, also left for Washington on 
Sunday — to present Mr. Arafat’s views 
od settlements and Jerusalem to the 

“We feel that before the American 
initiative is finalized in all its details, 
there has to be discussion wife both 
sides, not just wife the Israeli side,” she 
said on Israeli Army radio. 

The Palestinians say Mr. Arafat will 
not negotiate with Mr. Netanyahu unless 
work stops on fee new settlement Israel 
has accused Mr. Arafat of giving a sup- 
posed “green light" to suicide bomb- 
ings, and says the Palestinian authorities 
must crack down on “terrorism” before 
further talks take place. 

Meanwhile, the Palestinian Center for 
Public Opinion said Sunday feat 48.6 
percent of 470 Palestinians surveyed 
backed suicide attacks against Israel as 
support for peace talks wife the Jewish 
state plummets. 

Syria Refused to Seize Bombing Suspect 

87 Make angry 
sb Tram per— 
■ePre-afr . . 

ao Gratis 

By Thomas W. Lippman 

and David B. Ottaway 

Washington Post Service 

Months before fee June 
bombing of a U.S. military 
housing complex in Saudi Ar- 
abia. Syria refused to help 
Saudi authorities capture a 
Saudi dissident who has now 
been .identified as the mas- 
termind behind the blast, ac- 
cording to Arab sources and 
court documents. 

The Saudi government was 
hunting the dissident, Ahmed 
Ibrahim Mughassil, because 
it suspected him of involve- 
ment m fee earlier bombing of 
a U.S. military site in Riyadh, 
Saudi Arabia, and believed he 
was planning further attacks. 

Mr. Mughassil was wife 
fee Hezbollah militia in Le- 
banon, a country dominated 
by neighboring Syria. But Ar- 
abs close to fee matter said 
Syria declined to help appre- 
hend him because it was un- 
willing to risk an armed clash 
wife Hezbollah, a radical Is- 
lamic group that draws sup- 
port from Syria and Iran. 

As a result, Mr. Mughassil. 
a leader of the Saudi branch of 
Hezbollah, remained at large. 
He is now listed by Canadian 
security officials as one of the 
“known conspirators” in fee 
June 25 truck bomb explosion 
that killed 19 American air- 
men at fee Khobar Towers 
housing complex, a U.S. mil- 
itary residence in Dhahran, in 
Saudi Arabia's Eastern 

Mr. Mughassil is named in 
court papers filed in Canada 
in connection wife the arrest 
there of another suspect in fee 
Khobar Towers bombing, 
Hani Abdel Rahim Sayegh. 
He is a Saudi who, according 
to the Canadians, “was fee 
driver of the car which 
signaled fee explosives-laden 
truck to enter fee parking lot" 
at Khobar Towers. 

Mr. Mughassil “has been 
identified as the mastermind 
behind the bombing,” the Ca- 
nadian documents say. He is 
believed to be. in Iran, fee 
Arabs said. 

Bits of information suggest- 
ing an Iranian link to the 
Khobar Towers blast have 

been surfacing for months, but 
U.S. officials continue to say 
that fee investigation is con- 
tinuing and they have reached 
no conclusions. Convincing 
evidence of Iranian involve- 
ment would put enormous 
pressure on the Clinton ad- 
ministration to retaliate in 
some forceful, visible way, but 
any such move would cany 
political and strategic risks. 

Syrian officials provided 
partial confirmation of the ac- 
count because, they said, it 
shows Damascus had no role 
in the Khobar Towers bomb- 
ings. Syria has been trying to 
get itself removed from the 
U.S. State Department's list 
of nations that sponsor ter- 
rorism, a quest that would be 
doomed if Damascus were 
proved to have supported the 
Khobar attack. 

The new account from Ar- 
ab sources shows fee Saudis 
initially linked Mr. Mughassil 
to fee November 1995 Riy- 
adh bombing, which killed 
seven people, including five 
Americans. Mr. Mughassil 
was well known as a Shiite 
Muslim dissident, and fee 
Saudi authorities suspected 
that Shiites from the Saudi 
Hezbollah group had struck 
fee U.S. military site and 1 
might go after another. 

However, fee four men ac- 
cused of participation in fee 
Riyadh bombing and be- 
headed were reported to be i 
dissidents from Saudi Ara- < 
bia's majority Sunni branch of 
Islam. They said in televised ! 
confessions that they had been ■ 
influenced by a radical Sunni 
preacher in Jordan. 

Both the Shiite and Sunni 
dissidents oppose the U.S. 
presence in Saudi Arabia, 
which they say desecrates fee 
land of the Prophet Mo- 
hammed, and have de- 
nounced fee Saudi royal fam- 
ily for welcoming fee 
American presence. f 

ft is not clear whether the 
Saudis still believe Mr. 
Mughassil ot other Shiites had 
a role in fee Riyadh bombing. ; 
Early last year, though, Saudi 
officials did suspect them, and 
asked Syria to help in cap- 
turing members of fee Shiite ■ 
group. They asked Syria be- 
cause it has good relations 

with Iran and with fee Le- 
banese Hezbollah, and be- 
cause Mr. Sayegh had lived in 
Syria for at least two yearn. 

According to fee Canadian 
court papers, Mr. Sayegh was 
carrying a Saudi passport 
when arrested but also had a 
driving permit issued in Syria 
on Aug. 3, 1994. that listed an 
address in Damascus as his 
permanent residence. 

One of those sought by the 
Saudis, Jaafar Shueikat, was 
arrested by the Syrian police 
in September. The Syrians 
notified the Saudis, but by the 
time Saudi officials arrived in 
Damascus, Mr. Shueikat was 
dead — a suicide, according 
to fee Syrians. 

But because Mr. Mughassil 
was in Lebanon, where Syria 
has an estimated 30,000 
troops and wields enormous 
influence over political and 

security matters, the request 
presented Syria with a dif- 
ficult choice, the Arabs said. 
Although Damascus values 
its close security and eco- 
nomic relations wife Saudi 
Arabia, in fee end, Syria de- 
cided feat Hezbollah was too 
valuable because of its role in 
fighting Israeli security 
forces in southern Lebanon, 
and declined to risk a military 
confrontation over Mr. 
Mugbassil, fee Arabs said. 

In their court papers, Ca- 
nadian authorities assert that 
Mr. Mughassil and Mr. 
Sayegh are members of the 
Saudi Hezbollah, as was Mr. 
SbueikaL An appendix to 
Canada's petition to deport 
Mr. Sayegh says that Saudi 
group has been reported to be 
responsible for fee murders of 
Saudi diplomats in Pakistan, 
Thailand and Turkey. 



From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 



PAGE 10 



Cutting Comers: Workplace Stress and the Breakdown of Ethics 


H AVE YOU EVER called in- 
sick on a breezy spring day? 
Taken credit for a colleague 's 
idea? Lied to a customer, a 
boss or an underling? If so, you're far 
from alone. 

Despite a booming interest in cor- 
porate ethics in the last decade, honesty 
in the American workplace seems to be 
becoming increasingly rare. Nearly half 
of workers engaged in unethical and/or 
illegal acts in the last year, according to 
a survey. 

The pressure-cooker atmosphere at 
many workplaces may be to blame, ac- 
cording to the Ethics Officer Associ- 
ation and the American Society of 
Chartered Life Underwriters and 
Chartered Financial Consultants, which 
carried out the survey of 1324 work- 

Faced with the demands of overtime, 
balancing work and family, and down- 
sizing. workers said they feel more 
stress than five years ago, as well as 
more pressure to act unethically. 

“Daily pressures are extreme, and 
it’s those pressures that may be driving 
unethical practices," said John Driskill. 
vice president of the society of under- 
writers and financial consultants. 

Still, die survey found that 60 percent 
of those surveyed felt that ethical di- 
lemmas could be reduced, mostly 
through better communication and a se- 
rious commitment by managers. 

Those working both in corporations 
and in the growing field of business 
ethics were not surprised by the survey 

“There's still a great deal of work to 
be done." said Michael Daigneault, 
president of the Ethics Resource Center, 
which helped create some of the first 
corporate ethics offices in the 1980s. 

He and others stressed, however, that 
the recent focus oa corporate ethics has 
not been taken in vain. Rather, it shows 
the growing need for such attention, he 

The number of companies with ethics 
codes of conduct jumped 13 percentage 
points, to 73 percent, since 1994, while 

the percentage of companies with train- 
ing programs rose 7 percentage points, 
to 40 percent, according to a survey of 
747 companies by the Ethics Resource 
Center. The number of companies with 
ethics officers stayed about the same, at 

surveyed said they had engaged in one 
or more unethical or illegal actions dur- 
ing the past year. 

The most common behavior involved 
cutting comers on quality (16 percent), 
covering up incidents (14 percent). 

A survey showed 56 percent of workers reported 
pressure to act unethically or illegally on the job, with 
mid-level managers in particular feeling the pinch. 

30 percent That survey has not been 
published yet. 

James Baker, a vice chairman and 
former chief executive officer of Arvin 
Industries Inc., an auto-parts maker, ex- 
perienced comer-cutting from top ex- 
ecutives at three Fortune 500 companies 
during his Erst years in office. 

“At the start of my time as CEO, I felt 
like I was entering hallowed ground,'* 
he said. “In the Erst year or two, I was 

Forty-eight percent of the workers 

abusing or lying about sick days (11 
percent) and lying to or deceiving cus- 
tomers (9 percent). 

Some 4 percent of workers admitted 
to having taken credit for a colleague’s 
idea, while 5 percent said they lied to or 
deceived superiors on a serious matter, 
and 3 percent said they did the same to 
an underling. 

The workers who said they had trans- 
gressed reported overwhelming stress in 
the workplace — from balancing work 
and family, overwork, poor commu- 

nications. downsizing and other 
sources. Most cited at least six different 
sources of stress. 

Nearly 60 percent of workers also 
feel more pressure than they did five 
years ago. and 40 percent feel more 
pressure than last year, the survey 

Kevin Boyle Jr., general executive 
vice president of United Industry Work- 
ers Local 424, which represents 12,000 
workers in New York, defended the 
level of employee ethics. 

He said pressure is no excuse for 
lying or covering up, but that cutting 
comers is a logical result of companies 
having cut so many employees. 
“People look for the best approach to 
accomplish all tiiar's put in front of 
them,’* he said. “If people are given 
eight hours in which to perform 10 
hours of work, dial's an impossible 

While work stress can contribute to 
physical and emotional disorders, it 
doesn’t necessarily lead to unethical 
shenanigans, says Michael Hade, direc- 

tor of a company in Haiippauge, New 
York, that provides employee assistance 
programs to 35 companies. “There are 
dynamics in place here other than work- 
related stress. When people engage m 
unethical activity, they make a choice. 

Some 56 percent of workers reported 
pressure to act unethically or illegally 
on the job, said the survey, with mid- 
level managers in particular feeling the 
pinch. The survey had a margin of error 
of plus or minus 3 percentage points. 

4 ‘Managers today know full well they 
need to be at the keen edge of productive 
efficiency.’’ said Thomas Donaldson, a 
professor of business ethics at the Whar- 
ton School of Business. “That puts 
pressure on people who haven't learned 
yet how to handle this heat" 

He and others agreed that the recent 
focus on business ethics will have an 
impact — as long as people at the top 
take the issue seriously. 

“There’s a saying in ray field." Mr. 
Donaldson said. “Ethics macoiporation 
is Hire water — it flows downhill.’’ 

(AP. WP) 






We are a worldwide industrial group, and the leader in the booming market of 
telecommunications solutions for operators, businesses and administrations. The 
market's ever-increasing expectations and the great prospects for our activity 
(products and services) on a European and/or global level mean that we are 
strengthening our teams based near PARIS (France). We are looking for: 


"OPERATORS" (ref. 6731) 

You will determine and set up the distribution strategy tor our products, via European national operators. You will assess market 
trends, particularly in the context of deregulation. 

"NEW OPERATORS" (ref. 6742) 

In the context of telecommunications deregulation in Europe, you will examine the potential of new operators. You will set up a 
strategy for the development of our equipment and related services with these new players on the market. 


You will take charge of the strategic market of global operators. You will study trends, agreements and alliances, and identify the 
opportunities far our group imajor protect^ distribution of our products, etc.). 

"INTEGRATORS" (ref. 6764) 

You will study the market of Service Providers that offer global telecommunications solutions for major international groups. 
You will detect the opportunities in this market. In liaison with our subsidiaries, you'll define our local or international strategy. 

Market-manager profiles: You are aged at least 30. With an engineering or business school degree, you have a solid international 
experience in Teleaxnmunicatkxts Sales and Marketing. More particularly, vou are familiar with the main players: operators, industrial 
groups and service companies. 


Strategic International Markets 

ref. 6/75) 

Within our International Sales Support department, you will take on specific contracts, working directly with the customer. You 
will centralise information and define the commercial strategy. You will ensure consistency of objectives in terms of Jead times, 
turnover and margin, and co-ordinate technical and sales offers, supported by our teams of experts and local structures. You will 
take part in negotiations at the highest level, and act as the customer's preferred contact until the deal is closed. 

Profile: You are aged around 35 and have an international profile. With an engineering background, you will work in the 
telecommunications environment, in direct contact with customers and markets. Your experience has led you to handle 
complex contracts. You are oriented on results and customer satisfaction. 


(ref. 6786! 

On an international scale, you will run sales for a product range. In a highly competitive context, you will define and set up 
adapted local sales structures in accordance with the product strategy, in order to reach volume and profitability objectives. You 
will develop tools far running and optimising networks, help draw up sales budgets and monitor sales growth. 

Profile: Aged around 35-UJ, you have solid experience in international distribution. With a strong personality, you know how to 
deploy energies in all environments and define the resources to be implemented to achieve sales goals. 

For all these positions, complete fluency in English is a must (other languages would be appreciated), as is great 
availability for international travel. 

We are offering you the chance to play a key role in our international strategy. You will be given the means to 
folly express your potential. The size of our group is a guarantee of real career prospects. 

Interviews with the company will take place between late April and early May. 

Please send letter, CV and pholo under the relevant reference to our consultant: PREMIERE LIGNE - 54, avenue du 
Genera! Leclerc 92513 BOULOGNE CEDEX - FRANCE - Fax: 33 1 46 05 00 34. 


q an inter-govemmentai twenty within tfte UN system internationally 
recognized for its expertise, integrity and numerous lasting achievements, 
including the eradication of smallpox. Guided by humanitarian concerns 
WHO works to direct and coordinate globed and national efforts 
to improve the Health Of peoples to more than 190 member 
countries at aB levels of development. 

Our Office of Staff and Management Development (SMD) 
is looking for a qualified 


to be stationed at our Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. 

As a member of a small team, he or she will work as an internal staff 
and management development specialist both to strengthen critical 
staff skills and to provide expert advice on organizational and 
managerial matters of Importance to senior management at 
Headquarters and In any of the six Regional Offices. 

He or she will assist In 
establishing and Imple- 
menting WHO’s staff training 
plan and conduct manage- 
ment studies and surveys of 
its global and regional 
programmes, Indudlng 
implementation support. 

Applicants should have 
considerable conceptual 
skills as well as practical 
experience In staff training 
and management 
development, with proven 
competence in report 
writing and presentation. 

A university degree, preferably at postgraduate level, in Business or 
Public Administration or in Management Sciences is a requirement 
as Is an excellent knowledge of English or French with the ability to 
work in the other language. 

An attractive package of salary. International allowances, sodal 
security and statutory entitlement Is offered. 

A detailed curriculum vitae with photograph should reach the 
following office by I May 1997: 

Heed. Pr ofe ssional Candidates ( PRC/5 MD) 

World Health Organization, 20, avenue Appia 
CH-12U Geneva 27 (WHO Facsimile N° +41-227910746) 

Applications from women an encouraged. 
WHO t a smoke-free environment 

A leading, fast-growing htternationaffy operating company 
in the automotive Industry Is searching for an 

International I.T. 
Project Manager 

I RE! 


Reporting to the Manager Information Technology (LT.) 
Worldwide, you will have to manage system projects 
(conception, implementation, applications-.) relevant to 
general businesses, manufacturing and engineering 

Assisting our worldwide locations for deploying common 
application systems, you wffl advice and support management 
with regard to aB aspects of I.T. and its comaspondirtg impact, 

on current and future business practices. 

With an MBA or an Engineering degree, the ideal appRoant 
has a strong experience (minimum 5/7 years) in 
In^ilernertfng&itegraamg large applcation systems, preferably 
in orfor Automotive kidustry, with a told application systems 
background (MFG/PRO, SAP, BAAN.-)- Moreover, an 
excellent ataffity to communicate (perfectly in rrtnbnum two 
languages) is required to work at afl levels of management 
with strong project management techniques in international 
operations or environments. 

For this job, based m Paris - Fiance, which involves travelling 
throughout all business emits, please send resume and 
present salary under reference 1202 to Jo&l HAXA1RE 
92100 Boulogne Franca 


no rojwMMMtsmooinuiOQc 

To protect the earth it 

i-il \ - . 

Greenpeace Interna- 
tional (GPI), based in 
Amsterdam, is tbe co- 
oidiiiaring body for 
32 Greenpeace offices j 

Issue Co-ordinator 

and- pexastenr.l^j^^ 

ads. - The., successful 
candidate will need 

Toxics Campaign 

drive, team spirit*, 

world-wide. They catalyse change -not only regie dunking and planning, /• 

through direct actions, but also through negotia- of toxic chemicals and - ^ 

** “ d ~ And strate g ic: 

ting laws. For 

the development vpf -strategies and. for the ocmronmnicd or »dd;/a 
management of world-wide teams of apply for- 
campaigners, we are looking for an International 

fobe Co-ordinator of the Toxics Campaign. ] 
The goal of the GPI Tapes campaign is to pro- 
. vent environmental 

al- ; mniaininaimd _ljy toxic - 

■ jr; 


at its Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland 
seeks a candidate for the post of 


with Its office of Internal Audit and Overr-ight 

Dntlw! The incumbent plans, organizes, conducts and reports on 
assigned investigations/audits and. where necessary, supervises and 

advises assigned staff. Work performed may Include financial or 
operational audits as well as fraud investigations and may encompass 
large or complex operations where electronic data processing Is 
involved. Hls/Her main responsibility is the carrying out of 

independent Investigations and audits. Complementary 
responsibilities are to advise management on internal security, fraud 

issues, and evaluate high-risk areas in terms of fraud risk 
Qualifications repaired: University degree in a relevant field and 
equivalent national certification In auditing, accounting or fraud 
examination. Knowledge of forensic accounting and basic auditing 

principles and their applications. Broad knowledge of financial 
>rfc wlchoi 

matters Ability to work without supervision. 5trong interpersonal 
skills in a multicultural environment. Analytical abilities to apply 
theoretical concepts to practise. Experience and training In fraud 
investigation. Knowledge of electronic data processing IEDPj would 
be an asset Five to ten years investigation and audit experience at 
the national level. Some years' experience In the public sector; 
International work experience, especially in developing countries; 
EDP audit experience in the public experience would be an 

advantage. Excellent knowledge of English or French and a good 

working knowledge of the other language. Working knowledge of 
Spanish is aha desirable. 

An attractive package of salary, international allowances, social 
security and statutory entitlement is offered. 

A detailed curriculum vitae with photograph should reach the 
following office within three weeks of publication of this 
advertisement quoting reference PRC/1AO 

Head. Professional Candidates (PRC/IAO) 

World Health Organization 
20, avenue Appia 

CH-I2I I Geneva 27 (WHO Facsimile N° +41-2279107461 

AppItoiLions fra m women are encouraged 


Private investor seeks 


for fufl time position In Monaco. 

♦ Three years experience required. 

♦ Must be erheutate. wefl orgenizod. dertai oriented 
with the ablitv to work inctependentty. 

♦ Excelent computer skils a must (WorkS/ExceS on PC). 

♦ Short hand and use of Dictaphone essentid. 

Send C.V. to: Box D-478 . 

1HT, 92S21 Neufily Codex, France. 

International Strategic Design Agency 
urgently seeks 



ith valid work in" papers! 

You will assist the President 
with bis daily scheduling and travel plans. 

/ Liaison with international clients and project coordination. 

/ Fully proficient on Word5 /Excel on Mac. 

/ Fluent Frenct 

/ a minimum of 4 years working experience required. 

/ Background in marketing and/or communications a phis. 
Pk-ase se nd C, V.^hoto. handwritten letter w 
Mile MAGNE - SHINING - 26, rag Bdaard - 75014 Pads -Ranee 


Appears every Monda 



For more information, please contact in Paris: Kimberly G uerrard-BetnmeoHn 
Tel.: 33 (0) 1 41 43 94 76 - Fax: 33 (O) 1 41 43 93 70 


executive secretary 

Fast growing international Company (Paris) 

You will be assisting our Chief Executive 

You already have a good experience in a 
similar position. 

English mother-tongue with fluent French. 
Discretion, autonomy, initiative, flexibility, 
reactivity are key required skills. 

Good presentation. 

Please send letter, C.V. and salary 
expectations, under ref. MA 10 to our 
Recruitment Agency 

V ■ ‘VVI UIU I 191 

2, rue Louis David 


Executive Positions AvailaWfi 


Executive far European operation 
Too cf pyramid Amebean compeny. Send 

nsuDQ end satay history la Box 255, 
LH.T. 350 ThW Awl, 10th floor. No* 
Yam. N.Y. 10022, USA. 

Executives Available 

riel ffipenettft b industry and com* 
man. ttendonrf fanes and nufcat- 
bn. Fluent In EnoBtfi, R om anian and 
H a&rav. Sa tia Butafate parifan. Tyt 372 
9 7073066, 

SPAKSH CTTlZBi, 55, Frarfi rested. 
tAnguat SpanttVRaxMEntfsh, Sretfl 
knoiadga. Urat 5 yre h top (Zaira). 
3 yre m USA, S yra In Laos, 2 jts fii 
Twfland. 10 morns In ban, 17 yra In 
Spain, 21 yn in Franca, worked 18 
yaara tor USfflrirish cob 18 years tor 
Ranch ra, of which 15 yams si Akoaft 
UaHenanca- From mectmc to Superin- 
tendent of M ah temnce and Base Man- 
ir. 21 yra as AiOHft Compute feed 
i Management Systems DepL 

Director. Looking for Metering work. 
} dart. M offers axsUerad. Re- 

ntes to 

ply Box 280, HT, F42521 Nsuly C* 

General Positions Available 

end you Be compiiera end yaphfc arts, 
hwsttaSa your oppo&idiu to move to 
Nice. Prance and join s tael growing, 
ntt-national medcal. group. Send vow 
mama and saisy expectations to: Fu- 
ture Madcal Systems SA, 2E5 Route da 
la Baron na, 06640 SL JeamsL 

confiefltan, sosWng 20 k ' “ ~~ 

S et high ravens. Training i 
t Pans 4d3(l»1 42 OB 07 

SB EK PA HihmmVESTOB to start-up 
an Maraaional Irani company ogariz- 
Ing M tiass trawh. For ifiik fax Lux- 
ardboug +352 51 78 03 

General Positions Wanted 


gBWJlttH as^yeara old. Hfagual 
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a dmuffaur to tourfan, seals work h 
Franca or abroad. Tot 33(011 

flUSBBSSMAM, SIXTY, onfreraihr de- 
flrae, EmEah. French, Arattc i ■ 
topttgl tor any tab hetod 
Phono and ta 4322378.15,18" 


M or peitlne. I cm help yuo u set u> 

office. Very experienced 
r, pfotasani contacts, admUslrative 

end mmoBont heto- (Eitftii Spanish, 

- (^| 47 47 (j* 29 

tafoi). Tec Paris +33 
foe *33 (0)1 45 62 07 50. 

LONDON BASS) LADY, 26. Experi- 
enced in Gem Eq&xsfcn, HHog * Fine 
Jewb, seels new cirafaigjng poafion. 
VHtag to PawlfMocffia Sena tax: +44 
(0) 171 824 8635 / «aantbn Rcfaeoca. 

Secretarial Positions AvaBaMe 

is aeaiivai 


tar la PREBOENI (RaL A) 

• Pariedb tangaal 

* Professoral 

ran ft* was i 

5 ereraportngtoa manage 
*• Knowledge of acono ntas and Irenes 
' WAhgns In French / Engbh 
' wxJ exoafcnt comrauricariDn 


* Perfect Utapai 

* Bccefert aecralarad A 

* Mririraun 57 yen nperieree 
■ Knoafedga cf cwqwny statues 

I in exp erience a nd 

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MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1997 


>:.r ;■ 

t ■ ' > . 

EU Agrees 
To Penalties 
For Deficits 

$ Accord Lifts Obstacle 
To Monetary Union 

NOORDWUK. Netherlands, — 

European Union finance ministers re- 
moved an important obstacle to mon- 
etaiy union over the weekend by agree- 
ing to a budget plan that would penalize 
governments running excessive deficits 
under a single currency. 

In a meeting designed to finalize crit- 
ical details of economic and monetary 
union, due to be introduced in 1999, the 
finance chiefs of the 15 EU nations also 
set a date of late April 1998 to decide 
which countries should be invited to join 
the single currency in the first round. 

Coming after a week in winch Helmut 

Korn, a fervent supporter of the single 

y currency, announced that he would seek 

* re-election in 1 998 as chancellor of Ger- 
many. the gathering of EU ministers, and 
central bankers appeared to receive a 
much needed shot m the arm. 

Under the accord, countries r unnin g 
deficits in excess of 3 percent of gross 
domestic product after joining monetary 
union would face sanctions, including 
fines for persistently high deficits. 

Only an economic contraction of 2 
percent over 12 months would entitle a 
country to an exemption. EU leaders 
agreed last year in Dublin that a country 
could receive a waiver only if its econ- 
omy shrank by 0.75 percent or more. 

Sanctions would start as a non-in- 
terest-bearing deposit equal to 0.2 per- 
-cent of GDP, plus one-tenth of the aef- 
' icit exceeding the 3 percent ceding. The 
deposits would be limited to 0.5 percent 
of GDP and be converted into a fine 
after two years if die government con- 
tinued to overspend. 

Finance Minister Theo Waigel of 
Germany said the ministers agreed that 
a country’s fines could accumulate be- 
yond 0.5 percent of GDP if it posted an 
excessive deficit fix' two or mare years. 

He said there was an undemanding that' 
the payments would benefit “the good 

guys’ ' in toe monetary union and not be . • 

paid into the general EU budget | R •• • - A 11 1 1 1 • rill 

« Fans to Allow (xLL Role in lhomson 

exchange-rate mechanism to link the 
future single currency to die currencies 
of EU countries outside the planned 

_ Job WjUonTnieNc* YartTom 

Gary Malar, a computer network administrator for Pacific Gas & Electric, used the Anti gam e software 
to erase what he considered memory-hogging games from hard drives in a California nuclear plant. 

Zapping the Games Workers Play 

By John H. Cushman Jr. 

New York Times Service 

Diablo is a role-playing computer 
game. Diablo Canyon is a nuclear 
power plant In Gary Maier’s opinion, 
the two should never meet 

As a computer network adminis- 
trator at Pacific Gas & Electric's 
power station, Mr. Maier wants his 
megabytes used fix producing mega- 
watts, and fix nothing else. 

So be installed Antigame, a clever 
(or, some would say, diabolic) pro- 
gram that automatically erases game 
software from computers and their 

“We are not here to play games,” 
he said, “and games will not be tol- 
erated on tile network.” 

It -is no secret that workers play 
computer games on the job. Microsoft 
Windows software, pre-installed on 
most computers, contains various 
game options. A 1995 survey by Cole- 

man & Associates, a market research 
firm in Teaneck, New Jersey, found 
that of tiie respondents who used com- 
puter games, 23 percent said their most 
recent game was played at work. 

Privacy advocates say that they 
don't find software like Antigame 
very disturbing, but that companies 
should have guidelines on its use. 

“Employers have a right to know if 
their employees are goofing off,” said 
Stanton McCandlish, p rogr a m direc- 
tor of the Electronic nontier Foun- 
dation. an organization that seeks to 
protect privacy rights. “But employ- 
ees have a right to know when they are 
being monitored. Companies should 
have a clear policy on this.” 

Companies say it is more than an 
issue of wasting time. Memory-hog- 
ging games can engorge hard drives, 
they say, and, when played often or by 
many contestants at once, can bog 
down networks as central processors 
ship 3-D graphics back and forth. 

Then there is the software piracy 
problem: A company could be held 
financially liable if discovered har- 
boring unregistered software on its 

“f believe there is a time for play 
and a time for work,” said Yossis 
Hollander of DVD Software of Irvine. 
California, which markets Antigame. 
“Would you put a poker table, a pool 
table and a roulette wheel on your 
desk? You’d be thrown out.” 

At Diablo Canyon, Mr. Maier said 
he was more concerned with wasted 
computer memory than wasted time. 

“I'm not a cop,” he said. “I don't 
tell people how to use their time. 
That’s not my job; that's their su- 
pervisor’s job. My job is to be sure that 
when someone needs some drive 
space, that it's there.” 

Some people fear that blocking em- 
ployees from playing games will re- 

See GAMES, Page 12 

APEC Endorses Accord 
To Attract Investment 

Proposals Aim to Raise $1.5 Trillion 

monetary union. ----- ... 

Outside currencies wffl fluctuateby up 
to 15 percent on either side of a central 
exchange rate to the common currency, 
the euro, said Genii Zahn, the Dutch 
finance minister, the same trading band in 
the existing exchange-rate mechanism. 

Kenneth Clarke, the British chancellor 
of the Exchequer, sounded a pessimistic 
note by saying the common currency was 
“unlikely’’ to be introduced cm schedule, 
, ^.although any decision to postpone will 
Vpot be made before the seccmdmK. Delay 
“is in the hack of everybody’s mind,” he 
said. (Reuters, Bloomberg, AFP ) 

CfaapSM bjOrrSafFmDapwdor 

NOORDWUK, Netherlands — 
France will not stop Britain’s General 
Electric Co. FLC from joining forces 
with two French companies selected to 
bid for the defense electronics maker 
Thomson-CSF, finance Minister Jean 
Aitfauis has said. 

1 “The government is open to part- 
nerships,” he said at- a news conference 
after a meeting of European Union fi- 
nance ministers Saturday. 

“The government is ready to exam- 
ine offers which include partnerships," 
he added. 

The French government Friday re- 
jected GEC’s bid to buy a majority stake 

in the state-controlled company, saying 
that foreign control of an important sup- 
plier of equipment to the French Army 
would affect national security. 

The move left Lagardere Group and 
Alcatel Alstbom as the prime bidders. 
The rejection of the lone foreign bidder 
raised doubts about the pace at which 
Europe’s aerospace industry can con- 

This is something analysts said it 
must do to compete globally with U.S. 
companies that have already merged to 
cut costs. 

Mr. Artiiuis said the decision did not 
exclude GEC from joining forces with 
either L agar dere or Alcaiel in a "part- 

nership.” He refused to be more spe- 

France had to cancel a previous at- 
tempt last year to privatize Thomson 
$A, a parent company of Thomson- 
CSF, after the independent Privatization 
Commission objected to the sale of a 
Thomson subsidiary, Thomson Multi- 
media, to Daewoo Electronics Inc. of 
South Korea. 

The cancellation was an embarrass- 
ment fo France, which had proclaimed 
its support fix the internationalization of 
Europe's defense industry, as a way of 
meeting global competition, especially 
from U.S. companies. 

( Bloomberg , Reuters 1 

Bloomberg Sews 

CEBU, Philippines — finance min- 
isters from the 18 countries of the Asia 
Pacific Economic Cooperation forum 
approved a broad set of “voluntary" 
principles Sunday to help 3nraci more 
than SI. 5 trillion for development and 
capital markets reform. 

The ministers urged the resumption 
of talks aimed at developing a world- 
wide agreement on financial services 
regulations. They also endorsed the 
Group of Seven industrialized nations' 
decision in February to stop pushing for 
an appreciation of the dollar. 

The proposals aim to create the tech- 
nical, legal and market framework nec- 
essary to attract the private investment 
capital needed For die region's infra- 
structure development over the next de- 

‘ ‘They’re not glamorous, but specific 
and very practical 2 reas," said U.S. 
Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin. “If 
you look at them in totality, they are the 
underpinnings for successful* capital 

Most important for development are 
“prudent monetary, fiscal and ex- 
change rate policies,’ * the ministers said 
in a joint statement at the conclusion of 
an annual meeting in the Philippine city 
of Cebu. They accepted the G-/ finance 
ministers statement Feb. 8 that “major 
misalignments” in currency-exchange 
raxes “have been corrected 

“The most important foundation for 
exchange-market stability is the con- 
sistent application of sound macroeco- 
nomic policies aimed at achieving non- 
inflationary growth and sustainable 
balance of payment positions.” the 
ministers said. 

The group also recommended steps to 
permit greater cross-listing of securities 
on different countries’ exchanges to de- 
velop equity markets. 

It also aims to promote the linkage 
between various countries’ clearance 
and settlement systems, and adoption of 
International Monetary Fund standards 
for open reporting on economic data. 

An effort to help push development of 
domestic bond markets was watered 
down. Those countries that are interested 
will meet later this year in Malaysia to 
continue discussions and “identify im- 
pediments to their growth and devel- 
opment,” according to the statement. 

One of those obstacles is resistance to 
using traditional debt-ratings services, 
such as Moody's Investors Service Inc. 
and Standard & Poor's Corp. Many of the 
developing countries in APEC say those 
agencies do not understand the region. 

The working group of financiers from 
the APEC region recommended as part 
of its package an effort to help develop 
credible local or regional rating agen- 
cies, which adopt the “best practices” 
of the traditional services. 

The ministers also adopted a set of 
recommendations aimed at promoting 
private-sector competition. 

“Where applicable.” the statement 

said, member countries will bypass ex- 
isting government monopolies to allow 
private sector investment in infrastruc- 
ture projects like roads and telecom- 
munication. Prices should be set “to 
reflect the economic cost of delivering 
the services.” the statement said, and 
subsidies "must be properly targeted 
and transparent." 

The ministers also called for con- 
sideration of pension reforms in mem- 
ber countries, and for a study on the 
“implications for national budgets and 
income distribution." 

The APEC member countries are the 
United States. Japan. Canada, the Phil- 
ippines. Australia. Taiwan. Hong Kong, 
Indonesia. South Korea. Malaysia, 
Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Chile, 
China. Mexico, New Zealand, and Pap- 
ua New Guinea. 

Rubin Says 
U.S. Set to 
Help Hanoi 


HANOI — The U.S. treasury 
secretary. Robert Rubin, said 
Sunday that America was ready to 
help Vietnam, its former wartime 
foe. down the long road toward 
creating a modern economy. 

“We have a real interest in see- 
ing Vietnam be successful.” he 
told reporters in Hanoi. 

Mr. Rubin is the highest ranking 
U.S. economics official to visit the 
Communist country since the end 
of the Vietnam War in 1975. 

His visit comes as Hanoi faces 
the most serious test of its 1 1 -year- 
old economic reform program. 
Trouble looms in both the banking 
industry and in the stale -controlled 

“The country has done quite a 
lot of reforms.” Mr. Rubin said, but 
added. “Right now it looks like 
there is an awful lot they need to do 
if they are going to have sustained 
success over the long run." • 

On Monday, he is slated to sign a 
$145 million debt-rescheduling 
agreement with Finance Minister 
Nguyen Sinh Hung. 

The deal will remove one of the 
few remaining obstacles to a trade 
agreement, sources said. 

Under the pact, Hanoi agreed to 
pay hack the debts run up by South 
Vietnam to buy grain and build 
roads and power stations before the 
former U.S. ally was conquered by 
the Communist North. 


French Company Launches On-Line Jukebox 

By Richard Covington 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Make way for 
the virtual jukebox. 

Aiming to exploit the 
world's largest music market 
and Europe's technically so- 
phisticated cable networks, a 
french software company has 
’launched the world’s first on- 
line music delivery network. 

Eurodat EURL. based in 
the Savoy region near 
Geneva, has teamed up with 
Lyonnaise Cable and Kleline, 
a partnership of Banque Pari- 
bas and the luxury goods con- 
glomerate LVMH, to pioneer 
what amounts to a combin- 
ation jukebox and record 

store on tbe Internet Using 
Eurodal’s experimental tech- 
nology, subscribers can 
sample songs and download 
them directly onto their com- 
puter bard disks at a cost of 
around 10 to 15 French francs 
($1 .80- $2.70) asong. Among 
tbe 400 titles available are 
hip-bop to hard rock, reggae. 
Breton folk songs and chil- 
dren’s tones. 

Although a number of sim- 
ilar ventures are in the plan- 
ning stages in die United States 
and Britain, tbe Eurodat sys- 
tem, ratiftd Paris Music, is die 
first into operation, according 
to Mark Moo radian, an Inter- 
net analyst at Jupiter Commu- 
nications, ULC„ a company 




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in New York that specializes 
in tracking on-line businesses. 
A prefiminary test of the sys- 
tem started last week in Paris, 
Strasbourg and Le Mans and 
will be generally available to 
the French public in Septem- 
ber, according to Francois 
Xavier-Nattall, Eurodat” s 32- 
year-old president. 

The company plans to roll 
out its service to Germany, 
Britain and Finland sometime 
next year, be said. The French 
company is an affiliate of 
Eurodat Inc., an American 
software firm backed by the 
Silicon Graphics chief exec- 
utive, Robert Bishop, and die 
rock star Phil Collins, among 
other investors. ■ 

While die recording in- 
dustry has kept a wary dis- 
tance from on-line music ven- 
tures, Sony, Warner and 
others have expressed an in- 
terest in exploiting this new 
technology, according to Mr. 
Nuttall and a Paris executive 
of Sony Music. Michel Koch. 

“The music industry thinks 
anything on-line is piracy, but 
Tm trying to convince diem 
they will actually have more 

control over rights and us- 
age,” Mr. Nutrali explained 
during a demonstration. 

According to Paul Jessop. 
director of technology for the 
International Federation for 
the Phonographic Industry, a 
trade group of some 1,100 
record labels in 70 countries, 
“on-line delivery of music is 
an emerging pattern, one that 
could alter the concept of al- 
bums by letting individual 
customers choose singles 
they like, rather than relying 
on what the record companies 

Other industry figures have 
predicted that some 15 per- 
cent of global music sales, 
including direct downloading 
of songs and maD order of 
compact disks, would take 
place over tbe Internet within 
the next six years. 

Mr. Mooradian said there 
are now some 100 virtual mu- 
sic stores on die Internet, but 
these sites are mainly show- 
cases where users can sample 
song clips, rummage through 
catalogs and order audi com- 
pact disks by mail. Eurodal’s 
system is the first to allow 

customers to buy individual 
songs downloaded over high- 
speed cable. A three -min uie 
song takes about 90 seconds 
to download, and customers 
are given instructions on con- 
necting their computers’ hard 
disks to their stereos. 

So far, the record industry 
has resisted the technology, 
fearing copyright infringe- 
ment and piracy. Eurodal’s 
system solves these problems, 
instantly parceling out pay- 
ments to musician, composer, 
record publisher and other 
rights holders as the song is 
downloaded Mr. Nuttall said. 

An anti-piracy element 
written into the software per- 
mits songs to play only on a 
single designated computer. 
Only around 300 songs can be 
stored on hard disks with one 
gigabyte of memory, but users 
can expand their library of 
titles by copying songs either 
to floppy disk or ro recordable 
computer compact disks, 
when tbe technology becomes 
available later this year, Mr. 
Nuttall said. 

Internet address: 
CyberScape@iht. com. 

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GM Holds Talks With Strikers 

CnrStdbyOwSitfFmm D bp a* tui 

OKLAHOMA CITY — General Motors 
Corp. and United Auto Workers negotiators 
were holding a second day of talks Sunday 
after workers walked off the job Friday at an 
Oklahoma Gty plant, the second UAW 
strike against GM in as many weeks. 

This is the first work stoppage in the 18- 
year history of the Oklahoma City p lant 
The plant employs 3,500 workers. 

GM » counting on care made at the plant 
— the Chevrolet Malibu and OJdsmobile 
Cutlass — to increase car sales. 

The union members had wanted GM to 
agree to increase -the work force, purchase 

more tools to reduce injuries and cut the 
number of services going to other GM 
plants. The union also was trying to ne- 
gotiate an agreement involving vacation 
time and plant-operating rules and policies. 

Although GM and the UAW signed a 
national contract in December, hourly 
workers in Oklahoma City have gone with- 
out a local contract since September. 

Local contract talks began in tbe summer 
and negotiators are now trying to resolve 
disa greements about hiring new workers. 
Stansize was an issue in the strike against 
GM in Indiana, and it was central to talks at 
several other GM plants. (Bloomberg, AP) 


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Foreign Investors Preferred U.S. Treasury Bonds to Stocks Last Year 

By Mitchell Martin 

International Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — International in- 
vestors were keen on American bonds 
last year, but they showed little interest 
in the buoyant stock market, data re- 
leased by the securities industry show. 

Most of the foreign purchases were of 
Treasury bonds, which offered investors 
a way to benefit from the dollar's rise 
without bearing significant default risk. 
Currently, U.S. bonds also are offering 
higher yields than bonds from many in- 
dustrial countries at a time whan Europe 
and Japan are beset by weak economies. 

An analysis by the Securities Industry 
Association, released Friday, showed 
that net foreign purchases of Treasury 
securities rose to $244.2 billion in 1996 
from $134.1 billion in 1995. David 
Scrongin. director of international fi- 
nance at the Wall Street trade group, said 

that although some of the buying could be 
attributed to central banks trying to push 
up the value of the dollar last year. $157.4 
billion of the Treasury purchases were by 
private investors who general ly benefited 
from dollar's 1996 performance. 

Last year's spending binge brought for- 
eign ownership of outstanding Treasury 
issues to more than $1.1 trillion, about a 
third of the market, up from about a fifth at 
the beginning of the decade. The biggest 
holders were in Japan, with $277.9 bil- 
lion. and Britain, at $190.1 billion. China 
ranked fifth, with $46.6 billion. 

For all kinds of bonds, including cor- 
porate issues and securities sold by U.S. 
government agencies, foreign investors 
bought $370.9 billion worth last year, up 
from $220.7 billion in 1995. But over- 
seas investors added only $13.2 billion 
to their American stock portfolios, up 
from $1 1.2 billion in 1995. 

Mr. Strongin suggested international 

investors were wary of equities last year 
because U.S. stock markets had risen so 
far in 1995. But the Dow Jones industrial 
average gained 26 percent in 1996. fol- 
lowing its 35 percent jump in 1995. 

Although they could have done even 
better with stocks, global investors did 
well with Treasury tends last year, com- 
pared with fixed-income returns in the 
world's second- and third-biggest econ- 
omies. While the dollar was appreciating 
by about 7 percent against the Deutsche 
mark and 12 percent against the yen, 1 0- 
year LLS. government bonds yielded an 
average 6.43 percent, compared with 
6.22 percent in Gennany and just 3.1 1 
percent in Japan. 

U.S. investors were more balanced in 
their approaches to overseas markets last 
year, with net purchases of $57.9 bilhon 
of stocks and $45.2 billion of bonds. 
British investments were by far the most 
popular, with net purchases of $36.52 

billion of stocks and bonds. German in- 
vestments trailed in second place, at $7.80 
billion, just ahead of Hong Kong, at $7.62 
billion. Unlike offerings from Japan and 
Germany, British bonds offered higher 
returns last year than Treasuries as wtiD as 
better currency performance. While the 
pound nose to $ 1 ?7 140 from $1.5496 over 
the year, 10-year gifts returned an average 
7.78 percent, more than a percentage 
point higher than Treasuries of that ma- 
turity. Equity investors in Britain gen- 
erally did not do as well, roughly match- 
ing U.S. returns, with the Financial Times 
100-share index up 12 percent while the 
dollar depreciated by about 10 percen t . 

The Bank Credit Analyst, a monthly 
publication that forecasts U.S. market 
trends, analyzed the large portion of 
Treasury bonds held by overseas in- 
vestors and found little cause for worry. 
“The enormous scale of foreign flows 
into Ae U.S. bond market inevitably 

raises the question of what would happen 
to U.S. yields were those flows to shrink 
or even dry up completely,” the April 
issue said. “Currently, U.S. bonds are 
attractive for foreign investors because 
of a positive yield spread and die general 
expectation that the dollar is more likely 
to rise than fall.” 

The publication said h was hard to tell 
“the extent to which foreign inflows have 
kept U.S. yields lower than they would 
otherwise have been." But it said the 
impact did 4 ‘not appear to have been very 
large because US. yields do not appear ro 
have been out of line with domestic eco- 
nomic fimriampntals- * ' Those funda- 
mentals pushed yields up last week, with 
the return on die credit market's bench- 
mark, the 30-year Treasury bond, rising 
to 7.12 parent from 7.07 percent at the 
end of hading the previous week. The 
price of the issue, which comes due Feb. 
15, 2027 and carries a 6.625 percent 

coupon, fell to 93 27/32 from 94 15/32. 

After early economic data for March 
showed signs of strength, the consensus 
in die market was that the Federal Re- 
serve Board would push short-term in- 
terest rates higher in craning weeks. The 
central bank raised its target on federal 
funds, interbank overnight loans, to 5.5 
percent on March 25, and analysts are 
generally expecting two more increases 
of a quarter point each later this year. 

Merrill Lynch & Co. analysts pre- 
viously said the Fed's Fust move was 
likely to be sufficient, but they reversed 
themselves on Friday, after March data £ 
showed die unemployment rate drop- 
ping to 5.2 percent while hourly wages 

rose “We are throwing in the towel and 
now' assume that the Fed will probably 
tighten twice more,” the analysts wrote 
in a weekly commentary. “As a result, 
we also believe that die economy will 
end up slowing sharply by late 1997." 

Most Active International Bends 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eunxtear system for the week end- 
ing April 4. Prices supplied by Telekurs. 

Rn* Nome Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

239 Austria Sfr 01/17/07 97.5000 5.7700 

Belgian Franc 

Cpa Maturity Price YhUd 

206 Belgium 
248 Belgium 

9 03/2003 118'* 7.6100 

9W. 08/29/97 T 022000 9.0500 

British Pound 

151 World Bank zero 07/17/00 79.2431 7.2900 

182 Abbey Naft TS 7*% 12/3002 985000 7.7400 

21 7 Vena rill us Ab 7Vi 12/3002 97.3750 7.4500 

218 Bob Rn Ireland 8 12/17/12 95.7500 &3600 

234 Britain TreoStoc Tb 12/07/06 983625 7.6100 

Canadian Dollar 

197 Ontario 
233 Canada 

zero 04/05/01 77.8195 6.4500 
7 09/01/01 103.8000 6J400 

Danish Krone 

4 Denmark f 

13 Denmark 
16 Denmark 
20 Denmark 
23 Denmark 
26 Denmark 
30 Denmark 
32 Denmark 
51 Denmark 
53 Nykredlt3Cs 
56 Denmark 
75 RJ Kr Denmark 
104 Denmark 
1 26 Denmark 
135 Denmark 
160 Denmark 
203 NykredR Bank. 

Deutsche Mark 

8 05/15/03 

1 Germany 
3 Germany 

5 Germany 

6 Germany 

8 Germany 

9 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Germany en 

12 Germany 
15 Germany 

17 Germany 

18 Germany 
21 Treuhand 
25 Germany 

28 Germany 

29 Treuhand 
31 Germany 

33 Treuhand 

34 Germany 

35 Germany 

39 Germany 

40 Treuhand 

41 Treuhand 

43 Treuhand 

44 Germany 

45 Germany 

46 Treuhand 

48 Germany 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 
54 Treuhand 
57 Treuhand 
56 Germany 

59 Treuhand 

60 Germany 

61 Germany 

62 Germany 

64 Germany 

65 Germany 

67 Treuhand 

68 Treuhand 

69 Treuhand 

71 Germany 

72 Treuhand 
74 Germany 

76 Germany 

77 Treuhand 

78 Germany 

79 Germany 

84 Germany 

85 Germany 

88 Treuhand 

89 Germany 
93 Germany 

6 01/04/07 
4% 11/2001 
616 04/26/06 
8 01/21/02 
6<t 05/1205 
616 10/14/05 
6 01/0506 
31* 03/19/99 
5 08/2001 

5 0521/01 

8 07/22/02 
7% 01/03/05 
7V, 09/09/04 
814 09/2001 
616 01/04/24 
(M 07/01/99 

6 02/16/06 
74* 10/01/02 
61k KM 5/00 

9 10/2800 
3Vi 1208/98 
6* 07/09/03 
7V* 01/29/03 
6Vk 03/2098 
54* 0822/00 
5V* 11/21/00 
61* 07/29/99 

8 V, 02/2801 
5V» 02/22/99 
Bio 082801 
614 051204 
516 04/29/99 
8% 12/2800 
TVt 12/02)02 
514 02/21/01 
6Vi 07/15/03 
51s 051500 
8% 0521/01 
716 11/11/04 

5 01/14/99 

6 11/12/S3 

7 01/1300 
616 04/2303 
M 1202/98 
7VSr 120802 
61* 030404 
614 07/1504 
716 10/2102 
316 09/1898 

9 01/2201 

6Vk 002598 
6 09/1503 

6 02/2898 








































































94 Germany 6 

97 Treuhand 5 

99 Germany 5to 

100 Germany 61* 

101 Germany 7 

103 Germany 66k 

105 Germany 618 

106 Germany 8i* 

108 Germany 61k 

HOGermany 516 

111 Germany 6% 

11 4 Germany 6*U 

117Germany 5*i 

119GermanyTbill5 zero 
125 Germany 51* 

133 Germany BV, 

138 Treuhand 5** 

143 Germany 71* 

1 50 Cap Cred Cd 96a 5Mi 
152 Germany 7V4 

161 Germany 8U 

174 KFW 51* 

184 Germany 61* 

191 Treuhand 7 

195 Germany 6Vi 

196EIB 6 

205 Germany 64* 

215 Germany 6M 

219 Ekspartfln A/s zero 
230 Germany 61k 

237 Germany 51* 

Dutch Guilder 































































63 Netherlands 
66 Netherlands 
73 Netherlands 
86 Netherlands 
96 Netherlands 
107 Netherlands 
116 Netherlands 
123 Netherlands 
128 Netherlands 
132 Netherlands 
134 Netherlands 

141 Netherlands 

142 Netherlands 
145 Netherlands 
147 Netherlands 
160 Netherlands 
173 Netherlands 
175 Netherlands 
183 Netherlands 

192 Netherlands 

193 Netherlands 

194 Netherlands 
201 Netherlands 
216 Netherlands 
231 Netherlands 

51* 02/15/07 
6!* 07/15/98 
9 01/15/01 

8(4 03/15/01 

6 01/15/06 
51* 01/15/04 

7 06/15/05 
81* 09/1501 
7V; 06/15/99 
7V, 04/15/10 
814 06/01/06 
714 01/15/23 
6V» 04/15/03 
71* 03/01/05 
zero 05/3897 
61* 11/1505 
8(* 001502 
81* 02/1502 
9 05/1500 

61* 1801/98 
7V, 1 1/15/99 
71* 01/1500 
51* 09/1502 
zero 01/15/23 
7V* 100104 

80 France OAT 5 
83 Italy 

109 France OAT 7 

120 France OAT 
124 France OAT 
136 Britain 9 

140 France OAT B 

177 France B.T.A.N. 
189 France OAT 6 

204 France BTAN 
210 Britain 

212 France OAT 8 

249 France OAT 9 

238 IBRD ze 

French Franc 

514 04/2507 

6 040204 
714 04/2505 

7 04/2506 
6 04/2504 

5 01/2099 
9Vh 02/2101 
BV, 03/1502 

6 03/1001 
61* 04/2502 
5 0^1099 
4 01/2800 
8’* 04/25/22 
914 04/2500 
zero 04/01/22 















1 14.45 








33000 1 

102 Canal Plus SA. 3Vr 
112 France BTAN 7 
149 Froncsoat zero 
168 France OAT 814 
188 FrancEoat 5V, 
226 France B.T-AJL Ste 

Finnish Markka 

04/01/02 974)000 37100 
1812/00 1082500 67700 
002503 712300 5.7400 
0025/99 10&5600 77800 
04/2007 908000 57800 
10/12/01 1022000 52500 

165 Finland Serial 5 71* 0018/06 1012424 7.1400 
242 Rnkmdsr 1999 11 01/15/99 111.8722 9X300 

Italian Lira 

70 Deutsche Bk Rn zero 01/20/32 61ft XI 700 

Japanese Yen 

199 World Bank 414 06/2000 1107446 4X700 

206 Italy Oass B 5 12/15/04 119 42000 

209 ExImBk Japan 4Vs 10/01/03 11414 18200 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

228 Full 01* 02A3IA32 

240 World Bank 414 002003 

243 Deutsche Bank 3700006/2097 

Norwegian Krona 

95 Norway 
113 Norway 
170 Norway 

9 01/31/99 
7 0031/01 
914 10/31/02 




Portuguese Escudo 

36 Portugal 7W 1001/97 

Spanish Peseta 

232 Spain 1014 10/30/1 

Swedish Krona 

10(4 1Q/3Q/83 

11 01/21/99 1092625 10.0000 
101* 05)0000 11X70 92900 

514 04/12/02 95.9600 52300 
13 0015)01 1244580107100 
8 08/15/07 10X7360 72100 
6 02/09/05 9X0820 67500 

42 Sweden 
178 Sweden 1036 
186 Sweden 
223 Sweden 
241 Sweden 1037 
250 Sweden 

U.S. Dollar 

2 Brazil Cop XL 4(4 04/15/14 81.8093 XS000 

7 Argentina par L 51* 0031/23 6X7500 X37D0 

14 Argentina FRNL 6Vt 03/29/05 87.1181 7.7500 

19 Brazil par Z1 
22 Argentina 
24 Brazil L 
27 Ven S. Dt Sn 

37 Brazil XL 

38 Mexico 

5 04/15/24 6X5313 XO000 

11M 01/3017 10X6250 11.0800 
614 04/15/06 89.5313 7.2600 
614 12/18/07 873)000 77713 
6*4 04/15/12 797975 8X500 
11 Vi Q01026 10X37501 1X300 

47 Venezuela par A 6M 0031/20 70X313 9X700 
52 Brazil SX1 614 04/15/24 80X938 X0700 

55 Brazil 614 01/01/01 97X438 67400 

81 Ecuador 31* 02/28/15 5X4797 5X600 

82 Mexico parB 61* 12/31/19 7X7500 X8300 

87 Fst PacCapl997 2 0027/02 9X4174 2.0322 

90 Bulgaria 6*» 07/2011 59X888 10.9900 

91 Mexico par A 61* 12/31/19 70X500 X8300 

92 Bulgaria 69% 07/28/24 61.687510X400 

98 Brazil S.L 69% 04/1009 84X250 7.7500 

1T5IADB 6*9 0007/07 96.9352 6X300 

118 Argentina 11 1009/06 10X6250 10.7200 

121 British Gas zero 11AM/21 144k XI 300 

122 Mexico 914 01/1007 104.0000 9X000 

127 Mexico 7*4 08/0001 101.1300 7X400 

129 Puma Rn 5X000 1 027/29 100.0253 5.7985 

131 Mexico D 6X51612/28/19 87.7594 7X400 

137 Ecuador par 3(4 02/28/25 41X750 7X500 

1 39 Venezuela SJt 6M 03/184)7 8X0000 7X700 

144 Argentina L fffc 03/31/23 80X500 7X900 

146 Argentina 514 04/01/01 127.1000 4X273 

148 Russian Fed 91* 11/27/01 97X500 9X100 

153 Brazil CbondS.L 4*4 04/15/14 86.1472 5X200 

)54 Bat Com Ext. 71* 02/0X04 91X000 7.9200 

155 Sokura Capital 6^434412/31/99 99.6470 64600 

1 56 Venezuela par B 6** 03/31/20 70X625 9X700 

157 Brazil 6 09/15/13 72X100 X3100 

158 WOrld Bank 6*4 0021/06 97.1043 6X200 

159 Brazil 8*4 11/05/01 99X500 8.9000 

162 Poland 4 1027/14 80X063 4.9400 

163 Ecuador 69% 02/2025 65X250 9X100 

164 Deutsche Sted 61* 02/13/01 9X3750 6X500 

166 Poland 6V> 1027/24 97.6850 6X500 

167 Toronto Dam 6** 0027/07 97.6246 6X100 

169 Household 5.76800027/04 99.9531 5.7707 

171 Tokyo Elec Pwr 7 02/1007 97X770 7.1400 

172 Mexico A 645311031/19 87X000 7X800 

176 BgbFin Ireland 61* 03/194)1 97X500 6X900 

1 79 GE Capital 61* 0027/01 9X5000 6X500 

181 Mexico 11*4 09/15/16 101X50011.1800 

IBS Nigeria 61* 11/15/20 63X250 9X200 

187Arg Bonex 89 5X45512/28/99 3X787515X463 

190 Ven S.B Sn 6*« 0031/07 828127 XI 500 

198 Italy 614 09/27/23 91.1163 7X500 

200 Aig Pred Zpre 4 5% 09/01/02 I1U000 4*9505 

202 Mexico B 6*4 12/31/19 87X630 7X700 

207 Pern Pdi 4 03)07/17 57.1250 7X000 

21 1 Arkaig Rn . 5X5770019/99 99.9966 5X600 

213 WOrld Bank 7V4 09/27/99 101X994 7.0100 

214Cs Amort Delta 5*4 12/1001 99X000 5X966 

220 Sweden 5X867 02/0801 100X205 5X900 

221 Sbio Com me/da 16X000 0027/03 99.9000 6X100 

222 Credit Lyonnais 6*4 12/31/99 9X4400 6X300 

224 Canada 614 003000 99X767 6X100 

225 Panama 754 02/1002 97X750 X0500 

227 Sued westdeut <S*ft 00/25/02 9X5160 6X000 

229 Credit Local 614 02/1894 96X586 6.7200 

224 Canada 

225 Panama 

227 Sued westdeut 
229 Credit Local 
235 Belgium 

614 03/25/02 9X3750 6X100 

236 Peru Front Load 3(* 0397/17 51X750 6X300 

244 Bulgaria 

245 MBL Inti Rn 

21* 07/28/12 424033 5X100 
3 11/3002100X000 3X000 

246 Kansol Elec Pwr 714 09/259 6 99X333 7X800 

247 EIB 7V4 09/1896100X500 7.1100 

The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, April 7-11 

A schadu/a a! this week's economic and faandal events, compiled for tbo Intemattanal HenM Tnbune by StoomOerg Busmess News. 


Expected Hong Kong: Futures Industry As- 
This Week sedation and Managed Futures As- 
sociation host East-West '97 Con- 
ference. From Tuesday to Saturday. 
Tokyo: The Ministry of Finance re- 
leases trade figures for the first 20 
days of March. 

April 7 

April 8 

Singapore: Net Work} & Interop 
'97, computer network exhibition. 
Tokyo: Keidanren President Shoichi- 
ro Toyoda holds news conference. 
Sydney: Australian government to 
release award rates of pay index for 

Kuala Lumpur: Hong Leong Indus- 
tries Bhd. holds a shareholders meet- 

Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 
may release monthly outlook for the 
economy; Bank of Japan releases 
March wholesale price index. 

Wednesday Sydney: Securities Institute holds 
April g seminar on the “Finandal System 

Tokyo: Federation of Bankers As- 
sociations of Japan releases data 
on bank lending and deposits for 

Thursday Hon 9 Kong: Wing Lee Holding Ltd. 
April 10 begins trading on the Hong Kong 
stock exchange. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan Governor 
Yasuo Matsushita speaks at meet- 
ing of Japanese trust banks; results 
on machine orders for February. 

Friday Tokyo: Kudo Corp. begins trading 
April 11 on the Tokyo Stock Exchange sec- 
ond section. 

Earnings expected: Zhenhai Re- 
fining, Monty International. Tai Sang 
Land, Jingwei Textile. Truly Inter- 
national, SIS International. 


London: European Bank for Recon- 
struction and Development holds an- 
nual meeting. Until Tuesday. 
Noordwijk, Netherlands: EU and 
the Rio Group foreign ministers 
meet The Rio Group is composed 
of Central American, South Amer- 
ican and Caribbean nations. 

Copenhagen: Danmarks Statistik, 
tile Danish statistics bureau, releas- 
es January/February retail sales. 
Rome: Istat releases the final 
March consumer price index. 
Vienna: Bank Austria AG holds sem- 
inar on emerging maikets. 

Bern: Department for industry. Com- 
merce and Employment releases 
March jobless figures. 

Nuremberg: German unemploy- 
ment figures for March. 

Earnings expected: Commerzbank 

Earnings expected: Creditanstalt- 
Bankvereln AG, Leykam-Muerztaler 
Papier- und Zellstoff AG, Smiths In- 
dustries PLC, Unidanmark AS. 

Paris: Bank of France’s policy coun- 
cil meets to decide whether to 
change its interest rates. 

Vienna: Creditanstait-Bankverein 
AG supervisory board holds extraor- 
dinary meeting to discuss changes 
in its management structure. 


Atlanta: international Data Group 
hosts Internet Commerce Expo. 
Tuesday to Friday. 

Washington: End-Users Derivatives 
Association hosts conference on 
derivatives and efisdosure require- 
ments of the Securities and Exchange 
Commission. Thursday to Friday. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada reports 
February building permits. 
Santiago: Central bank reports the 
trade balance for March. 
Washington: U.S. Agriculture De- 
partment releases weekly report on 
planting progress for seven crops. 

New York: Johnson Redbook re- 
search service releases survey of 
total U.S. sales at department 

Washington: February wholesale 
trade; Federal Reserve System re- 
ports February consumer credit 

Washington: Treasury Deputy Sec- 
retary Lawrence Summers testifies 
before the Senate Foreign Relations 
Subcommittee on international eco- 
nomic policy, export and trade pro- 

Washington: The Labor Depart- 
ment reports initial weekly state un- 
employment compensation insur- 
ance claims; Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem reports weekly money supply. 

Madrid: National Statistics Institute Washington: Labor Department re- 
releases the March inflation index. ports the producer price index for 

Stockholm: SCB releases March 
unemployment figures 

March; Commerce Department re- 
ports retail sales for March; Federal 
Reserve System releases weekly re- 
port on commercial and industrial 
loans at U.S. commercial banks. 

A Gentle Reminder to Bond Markets 

Bloomberg News 

NOORDWUK, Netherlands — The 
president of the Bundesbank warned 
bond markets over the weekend that it 
was “dangerous" for investors to pile 
into European bonds solely on the 
premise that a country will qualify for 
the first wave of the planned common 

In what may be seen as a warning shot 
to traders who have made hefty bets that 
“peripheral" nations, such as Italy and 
Spain, will be among the founding par- 
ticipants of the euro, Hans Tietmeyer, 
the German central bank chief, «iiri Sat- 
urday that only sound economic policy 
should lie behind lower bond yields. 

- tfconveigence in tend yields “is only 

based on the expectation that a country 
will be in the euro area, then it is not 
enough,” Mr. Tietmeyer said after a 
meeting of European Union finance of- 

Botxl yields across die EU have 
dropped closer to German yields, which 
traditionally have been die lowest, in the 
past year amid speculation that Italy. 
Spain and Portugal might get their econ- 
omies into shape in time to adopt the 

The single currency is scheduled to be 
launched on Jan. 2, 1999. 

financial markets, expecting other 
European currencies to be fused with the 
Deutsche mark, drove yields of Italian 
and Spanish bonds to record lows last 

year and pushed yields of other countries 
below those of Germany. 

The lowest borrowing costs are now 
to be found in the Netherlands and 
France, with 10-year Dutch rales at 5.88 
percent and French rates at 5.92 percent. 
Austria is at 5.95 percent. 

All are below Germany’s 6.00 per- 
cent, with Belgium only slighdy higher, 
at 6.15 percent. 

Mr. Tietmeyer called the convergence 
among those nations “appropriate,” 
saying there were no “inflationary ex- 
pectations” in the so-called “core" re- 

“If lower bond yields are based on 
sound and credible policies, that's fine,'* 
be said. 

GAMES: New Programs Zap Game Software From Computers 

Continued from Page 11 

move a key outlet to relieving stress, 
making them less productive. 

“Bean counters, beware,” warned a 
reviewer on the Hotwired site on the 
World Wide Web. "Install this soft- 
ware, and watch your productivity walk 
right out the door.” 

Mr. Maier disputes that. “Everyone 
needs to find a way to reduce stress, or 
whatever, but I don't think using com- 
pany tools is a way to do that," be said. 
“If you warn to take a walk, take a 

In any event, DVD Software’s $60 
program is doing a brisk business in this 
niche market — one that it shares with a 
few other products, like the competing 
Game warden, which even allows a net- 
work operator to limit the times when 
employees are allowed to play games, or 
to set a maximum amount of time for 
surfing the World Wide Web. 

(Details of the products can be found 
on the Internet at http://www.anti- and at 

“We have about l .000 customers,” 
Mr. Hollander said. “You would be 
surprised who is using it, from the smal- 
lest high school to technology compa- 
nies like EDS.’ ’ He said Amoco, Disney, 
Alcoa. Union Pacific and Monsanto had 
also bought the program. 

A spokeswoman for Monsanto, 

however, said the company decided not 
to use the software because computer 
managers said there was no sign of any 
problem with employees playing games 
on company time. 

DVD software is part of a new breed 
of family enterprises that have sprung up 
around the computer industry — often, 
as it happens, churning out the very 
games that provide grist for DVD's 
mills. Mr. Hollander is an experienced 
programmer his wife, Dana, started the 
company along with his brother, David. 

The software works similarly to anti- 
virus programs, by searching out sag- 
nature blocks of computer code that a 
game program stores on a computer’s 
hard drive. When a signature is detected. 
Antigame scouts the directories and re- 
moves tbe entire program. Alternatively, 
the software can be set to report the 
offending game without deleting it. 

This approach helps the digital pred- 
ator pounce on even the most elusive 
prey. For example, users cannot simply 
hide the game Tetris inside a computer 
folder marked wife an innocuous name 
like ‘ ‘olddala-txt," or change Sim City's 
name to “New York” to escape de- 
tection. Nor can a game be hidden merely 
by compressing it, the company says. 

The code-sniffing approach has also 
made it easier for the company to modify 
the program as new games appear. Cus- 
tomers notify the company when An- 
tigame fails to detect a game; the com- 

pany writes a modification to the £ 
software and posts it on the World Wide 
Web. so its customers can download the 
improvement. At last count, the program 
could detect 6,000 games. 

In a test last year, a reviewer at Gov- 
ernment Computer News, a trade pub- 
lication, called toe software’s perfor- 
mance “admirable but a bit sketchy.” 
The review said the program searched 
out and destroyed will-known games 
like Doom and Wolfenstein, Mine- 
sweeper and Solitaire, but others got 
away unscathed. 

“It will nevercatch every game.” Mr. 
Hollander conceded, “ft is a constant 
chase. You. keep adding to toe dam 

The most likely games to escape are 
the relatively rudimentary programs 
called “shareware” that are written by 
amateurs and often distributed over the 
Internet. And because the software runs 
only on microprocessors made by LnteL 
users of Macintoshes are off the hook. 

So are workers who play games over the 
Internet, because toe computer codes for 
these games are not permanently stored 
in a machine’s mem cay. 

Could Antigame misfire and acci- 
dentally delete, say. the final draft of a 
user’s tax return? 

“Very unlikely,” the company’s on- 
line literature says. “However, we do 
recommend malting a backup prior to 
activating Antigame.” 

New International Bond Issues 

Compiled by Paul Floren 




% Price 

Roofing Rote Notes 

Wootwictl Bulkflng Society 


AB Spin tab 

Abbey Notional Treasury 

Buenos Aires 

Canada Mortgage ond 


European Investment Bank 

Federal Home Loan 

Landesbank Rheinland- 

World Bank 
ASDA Group 

Export Devetopm ent Coipi 
Midland Bank 

Baywlsche Veneinsbank 
Household Finance 

Genfl nance 

National Ausfrana Bank 

DM400 2002 % 99.955 — 

ITL35aOOO 1999 0 j05 100.25 

$725 2000 6% 101.1325 — 

*00 MOO 61* 101 .045 9994 

$250 2007 111* 99.25 =~“ 

$500 2002 7.00 701.606 100.11 

C50 1 999 614 100J82 99.80 

$300 2001 6*4 101.227 99-92 

S800 2007 7.10 99.8868 10007 

Over Jnwntt) Ubor. NoncaBabta. Fees 0.175%. (Lehman BrottnrcJ 
Under >montt) Ubor. RaoBwedotlOOfla No na Sobte. FWssajriMCortpioJ 

Reoffwed id 99945. Noncattabte. Fees 1 *%%. (Salomon BrathensJ . • 

RfiofterwJ 99.87. NancoBahJe. Few 1 (Swiss Bank Corpj. ~~ _ 

SantannuaDy. NoncoSaUe. Foes 11HL DenanhaltonsSlIXOao. (Chase Manhattan BonkT 
Reoffend at 99.981 . NanadHMe. Fees 1 WtlMenW Lync* InflJ 

ifeoffendtf99jB2.NonconaMe.Rxs1 »%. (CammaRfaanU ~ ' 

Reorterad ot 99002. Ncncaltoajit Fees 1 WL (Swiss Bank Corpj 

Seatfamwa8y.Nonca8oWe.Fees0J75%. (GoMman Sochi) 

6*6 101.065 99.68 RBoffer^otW465.N<XKi*oMe.F«7 







6% 101X1625 99.90 
4*4 100l925 99.55 
8% 700.497 ~ 

635 100.00 ~ 

8*4 99.48 ~ 

5M 99.97 
61* 101.48 9925 
54)0 101.725 
7.00 101.75 997r 
~7Vi ~ lOLOfl 9940 
540 9850 

ReoffnwJ of 99JJ75. NonaAbbto. Fees 1 (NBdceO ■ ~ _ 

IfeoffetedM 9955. NoncaBaMe. Ness 1 44%. (Conunerzbaidcj 
ffeoflewd at 98472. NonariMfe Fees 2SL (NahnstMaiftebij T 

SewSannutfy.NonaaoMe . Fea'iHSLfftaTwnO 

OOkWe in 2007 at par, tbereaffer uteres* w« be B ond cnfiabte awry INe yean. Fe« 
0529%. (HSBC MaiKetU . - • 

CaBrttoar par hi 2000. thereafter Interest wf be 7.40%. Fees 0^25%. (Cittg LyoonotiJ 
Reoffend at 9955S. NoncotiaMe. Fees 2%. (Banque Parftau 
ffeoffendmioaia.NmstbiMe.nesi n%.(Rab^rto ' : 

NoncuBoMe: Fees 2*. (Generate BaidO : ' 

NooadtaMe. Fees 114%. (Toronto -DomWonJ 7 

RedeniJHton M mnturtTy wfH be In Htsing oJ £2547.29 per^XWODyen. Naocnflob/e. Fees 
020%. Denammnons50aODO]fen. CLTCB WO 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

DJ Trans. 
SAP 100 

737-02 75454 —238 

757.90 77358 —10* 

88958 90753 —153 

NWS 225 175*059 10189.72 —151 B53TBc*e 


FTSE100 4.236M 431290 —1.77 * CTomnlffl 

Canada SgHB _ 

T5E Indus. 5517.10 5.999 JO —204 gSrmnew 

Fnmee 3-nmrtSlm 

CAC40 251757 355*48 —552 



Hobo Kang 

Hong Seng 11204J9 11534J2 —243 

Money Rates 

UnBedSMe* AotS4 March 27 

Discount rate 



Prone rale 



Federal flinch rale 



jo oon 



Col money 



3-montti interbonk 




Bonk base rate 



Cd money 



3-month Inreitaik 




intervention rate 



Cd money 



3-month IntertMrtk 







Cd money 



3-mortlr Tntertwnk 



SSH Aptf4 


London pjn.«c5 34740 



Eurobond Yields 

U5.S, short twin 
Founds rterSng 
French Irancs 
Honan Bn 

DanisT) kroner 

Sawfish kronor 
ECUi mdm form 

A»8«MK.Z7 Write Yr Iw 

*58 651 659 653 

*52 *55 6J3 6.10 
659 656 6J9 556 

7-70 758 7 JO TM 
SOI 5JQ2 646 
J7 1 7J4 7J8 6.98 
555 555 556 55B 
557 559 540 453 
-651-637 631 5J6 

I MO 536 551 476 
63D 6.16 650 SJO 
756 7J3 756 7.11 

804 856 859 7.19 
1J2 146 144 144 

Seurat: Lmmbatug sMatchange. 

Weekly Sales 

Primary MoiM 

S Mad S HmS 

Stnrtgttfs 1134 9335 2385 15775 

Cwrrart. — 04 285 34 

617.1 7345 _W*3 414 

EQ 3 . 46445 55255 74835 6406.1 

TOM 55755 6.9227 01345 85284 

SeamdcuyMcrtBt ' ■ 

t'-- • 

gSg8jd « aaam» u&zo wbss szma 

gwert.. 94Z5 449 5 11704 U4284 

142445 &1575 375B24 9MJ 
BCP 1Q5330 114735 143255 2&m3 

TOM 440125 315025115.1060 525914 
Source: Ewnetar, Cadet Book. 

Libor Rates 

yygtfa Met dam Morgan Stanley Capital Ml Perspadtim. 

UjLjt . 01% 54% £ c_. 

Deutsche mark 314 an ^ Sn 

Sourcas; Lloyds Bar*, Awfers. 

6 RoKhOtme 3» 31% 31* 

fCU . 4M - 41* . 4*lt 

SMs Yen 14 . fe - VS- 



PAGE 15 


JJ S. Opposes Office-Supply Merger 

' WASHINGTON ( APi - Th * t - ™FV 

court this week to ston a scaled^!vJ’ s ° to 

twoia^est offic^hSJs 11 **&*<*&* nation’s 

vo ^4-l on Friday to reject 

asjsF atar pan ° f ““ 

<he“tLfS^^ 8V “ With —» • 

executive of Staples, said he 
SeZS ^ comXion^staff 

ssas. t 3ssirassr ia “ 

®“wim Tries to Calm Pork Fears 

A T AIPEI (Reuters) — Taiwan offered free Dork dishes at a 

2J; P^conSimdaya^n^n^^ 

**?£ 2^3 S confidence *n the paSSSST 

w ? 0se ,P° ri£ Production andprices 
SnSuT? 1 by foot-and-mouth disease, gave away 
■^at in the_aecond government-sponsored 
Mt-m since news of the epidemic broke in March/ 

7“^ . announce ^ ‘t would reopen a popular 
^ deem^theiSe to 

come into contact with people. 

Suez Won’t Confirm Special Payout 

Corapagnie de Suez SA declined 
c P^“i^ nda y ? n * newspaper report it was poised to offer 
shareholders 3.8 billion French francs ($673.7 million) in 
dividends to win them over to a merger with Lyonnaise des 
Eaux SA, a water utility. 

* ‘We will provide no details on the merger terms until April 
1 1 . when the boards of Suez and Lyonnaise are scheduled to 
meet, a Suez spokeswoman said. 

is* *■“* *“* 8 dividend payment would give holders 

J? *~5 percent premium on the current share price, and remove 
flie final hurdle to a merger that would create one of the world *s 
largest utilities, with a market value of 80 billion francs. 

Pakistan Airlines Seeks New Planes 

Canberra Looks at Bank Reform 

Wallis Report Could Lead to Mergers Among Financial Firms j 


CANBERRA — A wide-ranging re- 
port into Australia's financial sector to 
be issued this week is expected to hold 
the key to mergers between the coun- 
try’s big four bonks. 

The government had Instructed the 
authorities who generated the report to 
examine issues facing not just banks 
but also other financial institutions 
such as insurers, whose clout has 
grown tremendously in recent years. 

But analysts say the inquiry, headed 
by Stan Wallis, a businessman, focused 
on the traditional obsession of the Aus- 
tralian financial industry — banking 
takeovers and mergers. 

A banking analyst at a major Sydney 
brokerage firm said he thought the pro- 
posed regulatory changes ‘’are of mod- 
est significance in the short-medium 

“The key issue is mergers,” the 
analyst added. 

Treasurer Peter Costello ordered the 
inquiry in May 1996, saying the ex- 
isting regulatory system had not been 
examined thoroughly since Australian 
financial markets were deregulated in 
the mid 1980s. 

Two forces are generally seen as 

pulling Australian banking in opposite 

One is that the country's biggest four 
banks are considered to be Too small 
compared with enormous international 

The other is a perception of inad- 
equate competition, .sharpened by Aus- 
tralians' historic hostility to banks. 

To sustain competition, Canberra 
has banned mergers between the big 
four banks and the two biggest life 
insurers: National Australia Bank Ltd.. 
Commonwealth Bank of Australia 
Ltd., Wesrpac Banking Corp., Aus- 
tralia & New Zealand Banking Group 
Ltd., and National Mutual Holdings 
Ltd. and AMP Society. 

Westpac on Thursday announced a 
deal to take over Bank of Melbourne 
Ltd., but the government immediately 
said that its approval would depend on 
the policy it developed after examining 
the Wallis Inquiry report 

The Australian Competition & Con- 
sumer Commission has opposed mer- 
gers that would leave a state without a 
significant regional bank like the Bank 
of Melbourne, and says it would need 
evidence of changed circumstances be- 
fore altering that stance. 

But analysts say that circumstances | 
have changed in recent i ears: The life I 
insurers and a mass of smaller orga- 1 
nizations have begun to offer such ba- 
sic banking services as home loans. 

The trend is expected to continue as 
telecommunications companies and 
others move into financial sen ices, 
probably on the Internet 

Some analysis say that if the Wallis 
report widens the notion of the market 
to include other organizations, it might 
see improved competition, easing re- 
sistance to mergers. 

The report also is expected ro com- 
ment on the view ihat Australia could 
have bigger banks without sacrificing 
competition if it lifted its tight restric- 
tions on foreign ownership of banks. 

But analysts say that if local banks 
are unpopular among Australian 
voters, foreign -control led banks would 
be viewed with great suspicion, and the 
government might be unable to get 
such a change through Parliament. 

The report also is expected to ad- 
dress regulatory issues, notably deposit 
insurance. The Australian government 
does not guarantee deposits, and ana- 
lysis say Canberra could decide to in- 
troduce deposit insurance. 

s’ Phone Bill Plan Draws Fire 

KARACHI, Pakistan (AP) — Pakistan International Air- 
lines will spend $1 billion on new aircraft by the end of 1 998, 
a local newspaper repeated Sunday. 

_ Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif asked executives of the 
airline to retire 19 of its 30 planes, some of which have been in 
service for 27 years. He also called for the purchase of four 
new Boeing 747 jetliners and two smaller Boeing 777 jets, 
according to The News, an English-language daily. 

An Israeli Arms Merger Is Proposed 

TEL AVTV (Reuters) — Israel's five leading arms man- 
ufacturers are considering a privatization and merger plan, it 
was reported on Sunday. 

Directors of the five companies — Israel Aircraft In- 
dustries, Israel Military Industries. Rafael Israel Armaments 
Authority, Tadiran Ltd. and Elbit Systems Ltd. — met re- 
cently to discuss the plan, which was drafted by an external 
consultant, according to the report in the daily Ha'aretz. 

Cash-Flush Sunbeam Mulls Options 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — Sunbeam Corp. has be- 
gun interviewing investment bankers to consider options that 
include making hostile takeovers of as much as $5 billion or 
selling the company. Chief Executive Albert Dunlap said. 

The maker of Os ter blenders. Sunbeam toasters and other 
small appliances will generate this year about $200 million 
more than it needs for capital spending, which will lead to 
share buybacks, acquisitions or sale of the company, Mr. 
Dunlap added. 

CflnqxIrdtyOiB' Stuff Fra* Dapatbet 

WASHINGTON — In an unusual al- 
liance. AT&T Corp.. Bell Atlantic Corp. 
and Nynex Corp. have sent U.S. reg- 
ulators a plan that they say would cut 
monthly telephone bills for businesses 
and residences by $400 million a year. 

But Chairman Reed Hundt of the Fed- 
eral Communications Commission 
quickly dismissed the plan, saying that it 
would drive up residential phone bills 
and that Congress would almost cer- 
tainly oppose such a move. 

The proposal, which came in a joint 
filing Friday to the commission, is an 
attempt to settle a raging debate within 
the industry about how much the gov- 
ernment should reduce the access 
charges that long-distance carriers pay 
to local phone companies. 

“We all compromised on our po- 
sitions,” said Edward Young 3d. vice 
president and associate general counsel 
for Bell Atlantic, “and the real winner is 
the American consumer. ’ ’ 

But the proposal immediately came 
under attack from three other local 
phone companies, which predicted that 
it would cuive up local bills and es- 
pecially hurt customers in rural areas. 

whose service is deeply subsidized by 
the access charges. 

Consumer advocates noted that the 
plan's only wholly new feature was a flat 
charge of 75 cents a month that would be 
added to local bills in three steps, starling 
July I. This so-called Connect Amer- 

< This is a ruse to reduce 
the amount of money that 
goes to support local 
service in high-cost areas. 9 

ica fee would defray the cost of wiring 
schools and libraries for access to the 
Internet — a cherished goal of the Clin- 
ton administration. 

The companies' proposal comes as 
the communications commission con- 
siders revamping two areas of phone 
regulation: a subsidy program that keeps 
local phone service affordable in high- 
cost areas and for low-income custom- 
ers. and $20 billion in annual access fees 
that long-distance companies pay local 
phone companies. The commission is 
expected to take action May 8. 

The agency has been grappling with an 
issue at the center of the debate: How 
does it strip away decades of subsidies, 
wire the schools and libraries and still 
preserve affordable local phone service? 

Gene Kimmelman. co-director of the 
Consumer Union's Washington office, 
said the phone companies' plan would 
raise total monthly bills by more than S3 
billion a year in new charges and fees. 

Mr. Hundt said, "I don't think Con- 
gress intended to have us raise resid- 
ential basic dial tone like AT&T and Bell 
Atlantic propose. And, 1 think I'm read- 
ing Congress right on this." 

Robert Blau, a vice president at Bell- 
South Corp.. another local service pro- 
vider. also attacked the proposal, saying, 
“This is a rose for the companies to 
reduce the amount of money that goes to 
support local phone service in high -cost 
areas and would pul pressure on state 
regulators to increase local rates” to 
make up the difference. 

Tom Tauke. an executive vice pres- 
ident at Nynex. which Bell Atlantic is 
seeking to buy, said the proposal would 
not jeopardize subsidies that keep ser- 
vice affordable and denied that it would 
lead to higher phone bills. (AP, N1TI 





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A Bull Market That Still Breathes 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — It may look like the 
carcass of a bull market , but many of 
the vultures circling overhead have a 
different type of feast in mind. 

Even if stock strategists are not 
ready to publicly predict when the mar- 
ket will hit bottom in this correction — 
a term used to describe a drop of at least 
10 percent — many of them seem dear 
on one point: this isn't the start of a bear 

Notably, many strategists are trying 
to dedde how long to wait before it is 
time for some bargain-bunting. But 
when will it be safe to start? 

“Wherever we’re going, we're get- 
ting there quickly,” said James Sol- 
low ay. director of research at Argus 
Research. “We're more than half way 
through this correction, and as in- 
vestors become' more fearful of the 
future and start to panic, that's the time 
to start looking at the market for op- 
portunities to reinvest” 

Considering the market's rapid ascent 
since last summer's bruising sell-off, the 
steep pullback of the past two weeks is 
considered a rather healthy development 

in most comers. The damage has been 
orderly but swift and startling. 

The Dow Jones industrial average, 
sporting a robust 10 percent gain for 
the year when it set a new high less than 
a month ago, is now up only about 1 
percent on the year. The Standard & 

Many analysts consider 
the steep pullback in 
stocks to be healthy. 

Poor’s 500 list, meanwhile, a popular 
benc hmar k among mutual-fund in- 
vestors, is down about 7 percent from 
its record high in February. 

“We don’t think it's over, but with 
the stock market more or less turned 
back to zero for the year, we dunk 
we're closer to the end than the be- 
ginning of this correction.’ * said Jef- 
frey Applegate, chief investment 

strategist at Lehman Brothers. 

In January, fearful that the stock 
market had grown extremely pricey, 
Lehman advised its clients co reduce 

their exposure to the stock market 

Still, Lehman is now trying to decide 
when to increase its recommended 
stock allocation, Mr. Applegate said. 

Larry Rice, chief investment officer 
at Joseph thal, Lyon & Ross, says that 
bond yields, which hit a seven-month 
high on Friday, are too attractive now 
far stocks to mount a sustainable rally. 

Even so, Mr. Rice and others think 
that the market’s fundamental backdrop 
remains healthy, even with the Federal 
Reserve Board's market-jolting de- 
cision to raise interest rates last month. 

Although the Fed’s preemptive 
strike against inflation is viewed as a 
threat to company profits, many ana- 
lysts expect the strategy to pay off. 

The red is “trying to stay ahead of 
the inflation curve, and any adjust- 
ments now are going to be much milder 
than if the Fed fell behind on inflation 
and had to implement catch-up rate 
increases,’ ’ said Russ Labrasca, senior 
vice president at Principal Financial 
Securities of Dallas. 

So earnings growth may slow, but 
these will be less chance of a recession to 
halt the bull market, analysts contend. 


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Latin America ( 
Goes Its Own Way 

Stocks Didn’t Dive With the Dow 

Bloomberg News 

MIAMI — Latin American stock markets passed » ™- 
portant test last week: As the U.S. stock market J^eredits 
biggest plunge in almost a decade, stocks south of the border 

showed relatively little effect. . , 

The Sac Paulo stock market’s Bovespa index soanwto 
record highs, even as New York s Dow 3oaes 
average plunged to nearits lowest level this year. In Colombia, 
the Bogota E§B index rose all five days this week, asmwjorj 
bet interest rates- would fall, even after the Federal Reserve 
Board raised U.S. interest rates on March 25. 

“Investors are betting that maybe there wifi be another rate 
hike in May, but then the Fed will lay off. Added to that, you 
have a very positive economic situation in L atin A mer ica ngm 
now," said Jim Barrineau. chief Latin America strategist at 
Smith Barney Inc. “I think Latin America will contmne to 
outperform the U.S. market-” 

This year, Latin American stocks are up 16.4 percent, 
according to the Morgan Stanley Latin America Index, com- 
pared with a 2.4 percent rise for the Standard & Poor s 500 
index of U.S. stocks. Not all Latin American stock markets 
performed well this week. The ones most closely linked to the 
U£. suffered — Argentina fell 23 percent and Mexico 
slipped 2.4 percent. But even those markets showed signs of 
improvement after an initial downturn. 

Venezuela, already hurting from economic problems and 
labor unrest, saw its stock market fall 3.3 percent last week. 
Worries about the impact of higher U.S. interest rales clearly 
helped push stocks down, although concern about the 
Venezuelan government’s ability to pass new labor laws and 
other economic measures was just as important After outi^t 
performing all other Latin American stock markets last year,- 
venezuela’s general stock index is down 8 percent this year. 

If anyt hing , the week’s performance in die United Stares 
and f -atm America showed investors why it is important to 
diversify stock portfolios and invest in emerging markets. At 
the same time, it showed why it is important to be choosy 
about which emerging markets to invest in. 

Some Latin America strategists, including Mr. Barrineau, 
had been recommending all year that investors put their 
money in B razil and Chile. “We see no reason to change,” 
Mr. Barrineau said. 

If the plunge in U.S. stocks worsens this year, Latin 
America is not likely to suffer much, unless the plunge is 
because the Fed unexpectedly raises rates more than another 
half percentage point or so, he said. 

“If the drop in the U.S. is because of poor company 
earnings or because of people wanting to put more money in 
cosh, Latin America won't oe hurt much.” he added. " 

Pan of the strength in T-arin American markets has come 
about because local investors are putting more money into 
stocks, said Daniel Dantas, a manager with Opportunity 
Capital Partners Ltda. of Brazil. 

“Nobody cares about 25 basis points,” Mr. Dantas said, 
referring to the Fed’s quarter-point increase in short-term U.S. 
interest rates. 

Mr. Dantas said some $50 million a day had been moving 
from fixed-income assets into equities in Brazil, and that is 
expected to continue. 

But the story is different with fixed-income instruments. As 
U.S. yields rise, investors are demanding higher rates from 
Latin America before they are willing to nsk investment, said 
Steve Mcrrcll, a fund manager for the IDS Special Income 
Fund, adding that he cut investments in emerging markets 
fixed-income instruments in half since February. 


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Bullets Beat Celtics, 
Closing In on Playoff 

The Associated Press 

Chris Webber and Juwan Howard 
scored 3 1 points each as the Washington 
Bullets continued their playoff surge by 
handing the Boston Celtics their ninth 
straight loss Sunday. 120-1 14. 

The Celtics closed to within 107-106 
with 5:05 to go before Washington got 

NBA Roundup 

the next eight points on baskets by 
Howard and Webber and two by Rod 

The Bullets broke a tie with idle Clev- 
eland for the seventh Eastern Confer- 
ence playoff spot. 

The Celtics (13-65) can add another 
milestone to the worst season in their 
history. They fell to 0-22 in the Atlantic 
Division with two games left, against 
Orlando and Philadelphia. No NBA 
team has ever lost all its division games 
in a season. 

The 74-67 halftime score was higher 
than the lowest score for a full game this 
season, San Antonio's 64-59 win over 
Cleveland on March 25. 

Cfippwrs 103, Nats 96 Loy Vaught 
scored 20 points and grabbed 11 re- 
bounds. helping the Los Angeles Clip- 
pers win their third straight road game. 

New Jersey, which lost its fourth in a 
row, led 77-73 going into the final 
quarter. But the Clippers outscored 
them 21-8 to open a comfortable 94-85 
lead with 3:39 to play. 

In games played Saturday: 

Sanies 109, Dallas 84 Gary Payton 
scored six of his 23 points during a 
game-breaking 9-0 run as Seattle handed 
visiting Dallas its 10th straight loss. 

Troubled forward Shawn Kemp did 
not start for the fourth straight game and 
was fined for not notifying the team 


before he missed Friday's practice. 
Kemp equaled a season low with three 
points in seven first-half minutes. He 
did not play in the second half. 

Heat 98, naptori 84 In Miami, Tim 
Hardaway scored U of his 20 points in 
the third quarter as the Heat pulled away 
from Toronto. It was the Heat's 11th 
win in their last 12 games and their 
eighth straight at home. 

Damon Stoudaxrdre paced Toronto 
with 25 points. For Miami, Alonzo 
Mourning contributed 15 points and 10 
rebounds, while Jamal Mash bum 
scored 16. 

Hornets 115, 76era 113 In Charlotte, 
the Hornets, who had reached the play- 
offs Friday night when they were idle and 
their chief rivals lost, struggled Saturday 
before Matt Geiger's dp-in at die buzzer 
gave them a victory over Philadelphia. 

Geiger's basket helped the Hornets 
overcome a career-high 39-point game 
by Jerry Stackhouse and a 32-point, 10- 
rebound, seven-assist performance 
from Allen Iverson. 

Glen Rice was the top scorer for Char- 
lotte with 4 1 points. Geiger finished with 
15 points and 13 rebounds and Vlade 
Divac had 12 points and 13 rebounds. 

Knicks 102 , Hawks 97 John Starks 
made seven 3 -po inters and scored 26 
points as New York won in Atlanta. 

The Knicks, who suffered a dismal 
home loss to Orlando on Friday, handed 
Atlanta only its fifth loss of the season at 
the Omni and maintained their hold on 
the third seed in die East. 

Warriors 1 20 , Spun 1 03 Donyell Mar- 
shall tied his career high with 30 points 
and Chris Mullin reached 1 6.000 career 
points by scoring 22 as Golden State 
beating visiting San Antonio. 

Latreli Sp re well and Joe Smith each 
added 19 as the Warriors won their third 

consecutive game for just the second 
time this season. Dominique Wilkins 
scored 25 points to lead the Spurs. 

Suns 09, Trail Blazers 90 In Portland, 

Oregon, Kevin Johnson scored 30 
points, including eight free throws dur- 
ing the last two minutes, as Phoenix won 
its ninth straight. 

Edmonton Misses Victory , 

But Gains Playoff Berth 

Bruins Beat Panthers to Snap Losing Streak 

Serves ft Sd wA i / Aprocc haor-n<a» 

Dikembe Mutombo of the Hawks slam- dunkin g against the Knicks. 

The Associated Press 

The Edmonton Oilers allowed a vic- 
tory to slip away in the final seconds of 
their game with Vancouver. But the 2-2 
tie was still enough to guarantee the 
Oilers a place in the Stanley Cup play- 

Martin Gelinas scored his second 
goal of die game with two seconds re- 
maining in regulation time Saturday 
night to earn the Canucks a tie in Ed- 
monton. Ryan Smyth and Doug Weight 
scored for Edmonton. 

The Oflers are tied with Phoenix in 
fifth place in the Western Conference 
with 80 points. Ninth-place Calgary has 
73 points with four games remai nin g, 
but two are against eighth-place Chica- 
go, which has 75. 

Because of the head-to-head games, 
neither Chicago nor Calgary can catch 
die Oilers. 

Bruins 4, Pin tiwri 2 In Boston, Jean- 
Yves Roy scored two goals and Jim 
Carey made 27 saves as Boston beat 
Florida to -snap a seven-game losing 

Jason Allison and Ray Bourque also 
scored for Boston, which has an NHL- 
low 59 points. Per Gustafcson and Rob 
Niedennayer scored for Florida. 

Pwiguin* 5 , iBBitori 2 Petr Nedved 
scored two goals. and Mario Lemieux 
scored his 49th goal of the season as 
Pittsburgh ended Ottawa's franchise re- 
cord four-game winning streak. 

Joe D&edzic and Alex Hicks also 
scored for Pittsburgh, which tied theidle 
New Yoric Rangers for fifth place in the 
Eastern Conference. Wade Redden and 
Sergei Zholtok scored for Ottawa. 

- . - - — . * idMdHs 2 Dino Cic- 

cJSHSSd his 32d goalandaddedm 

assist as Tampa won on the road to keep 

ltS SSGramm and Shawn Burra dd^ 
goals and Rick Tabaracct made 16 saves 
For the Lightning, who moved a pomt 
ahead of foe Islanders in the crowded* 
race for the final Eastern Conference* 

I ^Z^Sfpalfiy scored his 48th goal 
and Niklas Andersson also had a goal 
for the Islanders, who are fighting for 
their first playoff berth in for®® seasons. 
Tommy Salo, starting his 17fo straight 
game, stopped 25 shots. 

4 , Gmsmd^m 1 Sean Binte 
ma 31 saves and Glen Wesley and 
Kent Manderville scored first-pen od 
goals as Hartford beat host Montreal to 
move into a tie with Ottawa few foe final 
Eastern Conference playoff spot. 

A former Canadian, Chris Murray, 
also scored, and Keith Primeau added an 
empty-net goal. Martin Rucinsky 
scored for Montreal, which is one point 
ahead of Hartford and Ottawa. 

Rod Wings 4, Maple Lea** 2 In 
Toronto, Mathieu Dandenault had a 
goal and an assist to lead Detroit past 0 
Toronto, ending the Maple Leafs' five- 
game unbeaten streak. 

Steve Yzennan, Mike Kimble and 
Vyacheslav Kozlov also scored for De- 
troit, which will finish third in the West- 
ern Conference.^ Wendel Clark and Mats 
S undin scored for Toronto, which had 
already been eliminated from foe play- 
off race. 

Star*3,Kmg*3MikeModano scored 

his 34th and 35th goals as Dallas tied in 
Los Angeles to close within two points 
of first-place Colorado in the Western 

y * 11 


Major League Standings 


east division 





Betti mare 










New York 














2 *V 





















Kansas aty 




2 ft 





















1 ■ 



























New York 




















2 ft 






SL Louis 






San Diego 





San Francisco 3 




Las Angeles 













060 HO 



10 0 


088 010 



10 3 

Moehler, M. Myers (7). Lira 031. MiceD (9], 
ToJones IB), Sager (10) and Wafeeck; 
Baldwin. T. CastHIo 18), Levine (9). BertoM 
(9). Simas (9) and Karkovtob Pena C9). 
W— ToJonus, 1-1 . L— Levine. 0-1. Sv— Sager 
ll). HR— Chlcaga Katowice (1). 

MDwttntee 1B0 000 818-2 5 0 

Toronto 000 012 83z-6 9 1 

Kart. Ftorte W). Vigour (8), Wttanan ffl) 
and Matheny; Guzman. Ptesoc (B), Crabtree 
(B) and Santiago. W— Guzman. 14. L— Koto 
0-1. Sv— Crabtree (1). HR— Tar. Carter Cl). 
Kansas CHy 200 000 000-2 7 1 

Minnesota ON 000 810-1 B 1 

Belcher. Pichardo rai and MLSweeney; 
Tewksbury, Otwn (9) and SMnbach. 
W—B etcher, l-o. L— Tewksbury. 0-1. 
Sv— Pichardo (1). HR— Minn. Cordova (1). 
Batttmare 000 002 300-6 9 0 

Tans 400 ON ID) 1 5 2 

Erickson, mos (7), 0 risen (8), A. Benitez 
IB) and HoBes. Webster (9); Burkett, 
Gunderson (61, Patterson (7). X Hernandez 
(9) and L Rodriguez. W— Erickson, 1-0. 
L — Patterson. 0-1. Sv— A. Benitez (1). 

New York ON IN 100-2 11 0 

Oakland IN ON 03»-4 9 0 

D.Wefc, Weathers (8). Nelson 18) and 
Posada; Koisay. Brewer IB), Acre (8). Taylor 

(9) aid Mofcw. w— Aaa I -0. L— weather* 0- 

1. Sv— Taylor □). HR— Oakland, GknnU 0). 
Boston NO 300 003—10 IS 1 

Seattle IN B31 000—5 7 1 

Seie, Mah antes 16), a Henry (7) and 
HasetmoK Waican Hurtado W), McCarthy 
(7), Manzanillo (7). Ayala (9) and Da-WRson. 
W— Seie, 1-0. L-Wolcofl, 0-1. Sv— B. Henry 
(1). HRs— Boston, Stanley (1). Noehring CO, 
Cordero (1), Bragg 2 (2). Seattle, Griffey Jr. 
(3). E .Martinez (1). 

Cleveland 022 OH ON 02-6 9 1 

Anaheim 220 NO NO 04-8 14 2 
Colon. A. Lopez (6), Assenmadier (10), 
Plunk (10). Shvey (11) and SJUoanr. 
WOtsan, P- Harris (5), Janes (B), Perched 

(10) , OSpringer (11). Holtz (11) and Leyritz. 
Fabregas (10). W— Holtz. l-O. L — Shuey, 0-1. 
HRs— Cleveland. 5. Alomar (1). Anahdnw 

Salmon n), DJSatdna IV. 


Catenate 2H 101 100-5 8 1 

Montreal 020 ON 110— « 9 0 

Wright M. Munoz (8), Dtpolo (8). B. Ruffin 
(9) and JeJ?red M-Valdes, Telford (5). 
Hermanson (7), L Smith (9) and Widger. 
W — Wright. 1-0. L — M. VBtdes, 0-1. Sv— B. 
Ruffin m. HRs— Cotorada L Walker (3), 
Je.Reed (1). Montreal h. Rodriguez (2), R. 

White (2)- 

anctaatl ON 030 600-9 9 I 

Florida 030 120 100-7 14 0 

Bones, Jarvis 151, Marcher (6), Service (7), 
Shaw (8) and Taubensee; Rapp. F. Hetedta 
IS). Hutton (7), HeMng (7) and CJohnsm 
W— Marcher. 1-a L-Huftan. 0-1. 
HRs — Cincinnati R. Senders i2). Florida. C 
Johnson (1 ). Canine (2). 

Chicago ON 101 200-4 7 1 

Atlanta 001 HI 12*-S 15 1 

Faster. Patterson (7). T. Adams 17) and 
Sava Is Naagie. Wade (7), Qantz (7). 
Wohlers (9) and J. Laps. W— Oantz. l-O. 
L— T. Adams. 0-1. Sv— Wohlers 12). 
HR— Altanta. Tucker (1). 

SL Loots 010 IN ON 00-2 9 0 

Houston IN ON IN 01— 3 14 3 

Morris, Painter (6), Batcbetor (6), 
Frascotare (8), Fassas (101, Ludwlch (11) 
and Lampidn; Hurt. Lima (71, R. Garda (8). 
a Wegner (8), Huriek (10). R. Springer (1 1) 
and Ausntus. W— R. Springer, 1-0. 
L— Ludwkk.O-1. 

PMadatphki ON 020 901—3 7 3 

S« Diego 005 021 SOn-13 13 0 

BJVUmaz, Staler (5), Ruffcom (7), 
Spradlin (7) and Uebertnab TL Worrell Scott 
(SL Hoffmwi (?) and Flaherty, SlaugM (8). 
W—TL Worrell 1-0. L— B. Munoz, 0-1. 
HRs — Philadelphia, Lieberthal 2 (3), Bragna 
(1). San Dfegft Joyner (1),G. Vaughn 2 (2). 
Pmsbargh 200 ON 010-3 5 1 

Los Angeles 010 IN 21»-5 8 1 

Loatta. Walnhouse (7), Granger (7), 
Laisede (7) and Kerxkrib Astodn Candtotll 
(6), Guthrie (8), To.Worrefl (9) and Piazza. 
W-Candtottl 1-<L L — Walnhouse. 0-1. 
Sv— To-Worretl Q). HR— cos Angela 
Mondesi 03. 

Hew York ON 102 001—4 9 1 

Srm Francisco ON 300 30)1—4 10 0 

MOckl a Jordon (7), McAAtchoel (7), 
Borland (8) and Hundley; Rueter, Tavarez 

(6) . X Rodriguez (7), D. Henry (B), Beck (9) 
and R-WBdns. w— R. Rodriguez. 1-1. L—R. 
Jordan.0-1 Sv— {lack (2). 


MflWUUkte IN 101 011-5 9 0 

Taranto 020 ON 000—2 8 0 

McAndrew Miranda (6), DoJonra (9) and 
Matheny: W.WBants, Person (7). Ptesoc (8), 
Quantrm (9) and O'Brien, w— McAndrew, 1- 
0. L — W. WOAams. 0-1. Sv-DaJones (1). 
HR— Milwaukee, Ge.Wfflkrms (1). 

Detroit 400 418 510-15 19 1 

Chicago 030 700 200-12 12 4 

OBvares, F. Hernandez (4), Blair (4), Sager 

(7) , ToJame (91 and B. Johnson; Didbek, 
BertoM (51, D. Darwin (5), T. CosWo (71, 
Simas (8) and Karkaviae, Kreuter (9). 
w— Blair, M, l-T. Casfflla l-l. 
Sv-ToJones (11. HRs — Detroit Easley 0). 
To. Clarit 2 (3), Higglnsan (2). Chicago, 
Karkovtce (2), O. Guillen (1). 

New York OH ON 022—10 13 0 

Oakland 102 200 BOO— 5 10 0 

Gooden, Uoyd (61, Boehringer (6). M. 
Rivera (8) and Posada; Motner, wengert a. 
Groom (7), R. Lewis (B), Brewer (8) and 
Molina. W— Gooden, l-o. L— Mahler, 0-1. 
Sv— M. Rhrera m. HRs— N.Y. owear (1J. 
Oakland, Splezio (1), Berraa (31, Canseco 

Kansas aty N1 310 000-5 9 0 

Minnesota 004 IN Bta-7 12 1 

Haney, R. Veres (5). Joanne (7), Bevl (8) 
and Spehr, M. Sweeney (6); Rabettsm, 
Naulty (A, Gwmtada (7), Trombley (7), 
Aguilera (9) and Slekiboch. W— Rabertsatb 
14. L— Haney, o-l. Sv-^AguDera (2). 

HRs — Kansas aty, Roberts flj, Spew (1). 
Brittawc SN 010 003-9 14 1 

Tens 004 001 002—7 7 2 

Boskle, Rhodes (A, TeJMathews 18), R. 
Myers (9) and Webster; D-OOver, WW (5). 
Gunderson (6). Patterson 16), X Hernandez 
(7) and I. Rodriguez. W— Rhodes. 2-0. L—O. 
Oliver, o-l. Sv— R. Myers O). 

HRs— Baltimore C Ripken (2). 

Terms—' TeWetan (1). L Stevens (2). 

Boston ON 200 204—8 12 2 

Seattle 010 002 210-6 11 0 

Avery. Hammond (6), Trfcefc (7), Slocumb 
(9) and Hasehim RJohnson. B. Wells (71, 
Ayala (8), Chariton (81, Manzanillo (9) and 
awison. W— Trfloek. 1-4 L— Charffan, 0-1. 
Sv— Skrcumb (2). HRs— Boston. Gar da puna 
(1). Camera (2). Seattle. Grittey Jr. (A. 
Blowers (11. 

aevetand NO 141 010-7 10 1 

Anaheim 200 201 000—5 8 0 

Ogea. Kline (7). M. Jackson (8). Shuey (9) 
and S. Alomar; Hasegawa, McElray (51, 
James (9) and Fabregas. w— Ogea 1 -Ol 
L— H asegawa 0-1. Sv — Shuey (2). 
HRs— Cleveland. Justice (2). Mitchell (3). S. 
Alomar CD. Anaheim. Howelfl). 


Cetennki 0M 201 600-15 15 0 

Montreal NO 010 020-3 10 1 

R-Bafley, McCWry (9) and JeJieed: 
Cornier, Tenons (2), Dad (5), D. Veres (7), 
Urbina (9) and Fletcher. W— R. Bafiey, 3-0- 
L— Camrier. 0-1. HRs— Coterada Burin CD, 
L_ Walker 3 (6). Galarraga (2). BMwtie (1), 
CaJJtl lo CD. Mardreal Andrews (2). 

New York ON ON 000-0 3 1 

San Francisco ON ON B2n-2 6 0 

R.ReedL Manuel (8) and Hundley; 
VanLamflngham, Boo (A, Poale (9), Beck 
(9) and BeryhTC. W— Roa !-a L-Mamrel 
0 -1. Sv — Beck (3). 

andnatf 010 ON 2N 00-3 7 2 

Florida 020 ON N1 81-4 10 0 

Morgan, RemBnger (A, Belinda (7), Shaw 
(9), Jarvis (10) and Fbnfycc Saunders 
PovreB (7), Cook C9), Nen (11) and Zaun. 
W— Nen, l-O. L— Jarvis, 0-1. HR— Ftartda, 
Renteria (1). 

St Louis 111 ON 000-2 7 3 

Houston IN 211 01*— 4 7 0 

Qsboma Batchelor (7) and DHaflcw 
S.Femandez. R. Garda (A and Eusobto. 
W— S. Fernandez. 1-a L— Osborne, 0-1. 
Sv— R. Garda (l ). HRs-SI. Loub. DeSWelds 
(1). Houston, j. Mautan (1). 

PtdknMptda ON 010 000-1 T 0 

5en Diego 020 ON 02*— 4 7 0 

Mhnbs, R. Hants (A, Pkratenberg (8), 
Spradln (81 and Ueberfflal- HDchcocX 
Hoffman (?) and FWierfy. W— Hitchcock. ?- 
a L— Mlmbs. 0-1. Sv— Hoffman n>. 

Chicago ON N1 1-5 7 0 

Atlanta 201 850 0-8 13 1 

Swartcbaugti Casks) (5), Batt e nlWM (5), 
Wendell (A and Hausfaro Smoltz, Erobree 
(A, Oantz (7) and J. Lopez. 

Pittsburgh 200 010 000-3 9 0 

Los A ngelas 001 ON WO— 1 6 0 

F.Cordova, Ruebel (EO. M. wfiklns CBD, 
Ericks (9) and OsOu Park. Gandlotfl (7), 
Radinsky (to, HaU (8) and Piazza. W— F. 
Cordova, 1-a L— Park, 0-1. Sv— Ericks (2). 
HR— PtHsbuigh. AUenswoitt O). 

Japanese Leagues 





Ha rest* 


W L T Pd GB 

2 0 0 1 NO — 

i a o ijmo - 

i i o joo i 

1 1 0 5N 1 

0 10 JXX) TA 

020 NO 2 

Yakub 3. Yamiuri 2 
Yokohama 6, ChunkN 3 
Hlrashhna X Hanstdn 1 





Nippon Ham 

W L T Pet GB 

i o o i.floa - 

1 o o 1.000 - 

o o o .000 

0 0 0 -ON 'h 

0 1 0 NO 1 

0 1 0 .000 1 


Lotte A Nippon HrutiO 

Orix vs. Kintetsu, postponed due to rain. 


NBA Stanpinos 



W L Pet GB 
v-Mkrml 56 18 JS7 — 

x-NewYork 53 22 J07 3% 

Otkmdo 41 33 J54 15 

Washington 38 36 .514 18 

New Jersey 23 50 J15 3216 

Philadelphia 21 53 .284 35 

Boston 13 62 .173 43V5 


y-CNcnga 64 10 .865 — 

x-Oefralt 51 23 .689 13 

x-AHanta 51 24 i90 I3'A 

x-aiortotte 48 26 JM 16 

Cleveland 38 36 J14 26 

Indiana 36 38 ^86 28 

Milwaukee 29 45 J92 35 

Toronto 27 48 J60 3714 


W L Per GB 
x-Utali 56 17 .767 — 

* -Houston 50 24 .476 6'A 

Minnesota 37 37 -5D0 19V. 

Dallas 22 S) 397 34’6 

Denver 20 54 .270 34 V, 

5an Antonb 19 55 357 37Vi 

Vancouver 12 64 .l» 45H 

pacific mvaNOH 






x-LA. Lakers 




1 ft 











LA cappers 









22 ft 

Gulden State 





(iFcflndied (Svlsian tttte) 
(x-dl noted ployaff berth) 

P bora be 23 31 38 30-122 

Denver 28 32 26 27—113 

P: KJohnson 9-14 5-5 24 Manning 9-151- 
1 2a D: McDyess 10-7) 4-4 24. D.BBIs 10-562 
2-2 25J1diaamb— Phoenix 44 (WHBcmu 10), 
Demre 58 (Hammonds 12). 
Assists— Phoenix 32 (Kidd 9), Denver IB 
(DJEUs, Gaktwtre, Th om pson A. 

Vtmcaaver 14 21 21 23-79 

Utah 32 29 M 21-106 

V: Reeves, 4-13 3-515, Edwards 3-11 5-812. 
WBtams 6-9 (M) 12; U: Malone 7-15 2-5 16, 
Riosdl 4-9 0-0 14. Reboowts— Vancouver -Q 
(WUams 8), Utah 54 (Odertog 10). 
Assists— Vancouver 18 (Robinson 4). Utah 

MHvraufcee 21 22 24 24-93 

Pur Quad 28 31 32 17— IN 

M: GJZobtnsan 7-14 5-5 19, Baker 4-12 8-lo 
1& P: Rider 9-14 8-8 27, Anderson 4-15 3-3 
17.itobauuds— Mttwwkee 39 (Baker. Alen 
A, Porttmd 59 (Trad 10). 
Assists— Milwaukee 16 (Perry A, Portland 
24 (GRobktson Si. 

Son Anna to 31 18 21 24—94 

LA. Lakers 27 20 23 13—83 

SAzWBMrs 10-18 6-6 28>wntams 6-11 6- 
6 1ft LAJ Rooks 8-13 4-7 2a Bryant 44 7-7 
lSJtebouoris— 5an Antonia 46 (Pentafa 
WIIW ns 7k Los Angeles 52 (Blount 13). 
Assists— Sat Antonio 23 (Ataander 71, Los 
Angeles 19 (Van EMI 5). 

Houston 24 27 35 22-108 

Sacramento 26 28 31 17-94 


Memorable Moments li*om Johnnie Walker: RYDER Cl P tcith Henianl (rulfaelu 



H; DkjJuwrei B-17 9-1 1 25, Boridey 3-11 13- 

15 2ft Dialer 6-14 5-6 20; S: Ricbmend 7-18 

8-9 21 Grant 4-10 8-13 16. 

Rebounds 'Houston 54 (Barkley 12), 
Sun up i mi to 55 (Grant 9!. Aulili l ioaoon 

16 (Maloney 4), Sacramento 21 (Hurley 10). 

Los Angeles 18 36 30 33-117 

Boston 30 22 32 18-182 

LAj Murray 1 1-15 2-2 24, Dehere 4-10 6-7 
<7; B: Walk* 12-M 9-11 36, CaMon 9-12 1-1 
19. Rebounds— L b Angeles 53 (Outlaw 10). 
Boston 53 (Wafter 1 2). Asslsts-Los Angeles 
Clippers 31 (Dehere 7). Boston 23 (Wesley, 

wooer A. 

Indiana 34 27 18 38-114 

PbDadeteUn 31 25 19 20-183 

t Best 6- 12 12-1527, Sniffs 7-173-4 17) P: 
stockhouse 10-21 5-9 2ft Iverson 7-1969 22. 
Rebounds— I nAana 58 (DJtavtw Smite 9), 
PWtoddpTita 52 (Weather sp oon). 
Assists— Indiana 26 (Jackson 10}, 

PtiHadalphk] 21 {Iverson 10. 

Detroit 29 23 28 17— 89 

Atlanta 32 38 20 18-183 

D: HB 9-17 4-6 22, Thorpe 6-9 7-8 1ft A; 
Lnettner 11-18 89 3ft Smith 5-15 9-9 
21 .IWMUBds-Oelraa 47 (Hffl 1 2J, Altanta 45 
(Mutombo 17). Assists— Detroit 21 <Hft 12), 

WOsbingtaa 23 24 28 20- 95 

Mtaoesata 17 28 26 26— 97 

W: Howard 613811 2I.SWddand8U5- 

5 21; M: Garnett 016 6-7 22, GugBotta 7-175- 

6 19Jtobauuds— Wdshtagton 45 (Webber 
12), Minnesota 41 (GugBattd, Garrett 100. 
Assists— WOshtogton 2T (Sbtckkmd 10k 
Minnesota 25 (MmbwyO. 

Ortaudo 22 21 30 20- 93 

NewYartl 19 23 23 19-8* 

O: Hardaway 1821 2-2 21 Strong 7-14 7-8 
21 .5diaye38139-ll 21; N.Yj Johnson 9-17 
7-8 25, Ewfeig 812 88 

20H e boundi Orlando 47 (Strang 12), New 
York 55 (Johnson 17). Assists— Ortnrrdo 16 
(Haidaway7), New York 20 KMdst). 
aevekmd 18 21 15 17-71 

Chicago 15 22 27 28-84 

a -II 4-8 I& Brandon 8U 80 1ft Ch: 
Jordan 816 4-5 22, Ptppen 815 1-6 
ISJte b o a n ds Oevefemd 50 (HO 10), 

Chicogo 44 (pippen 7). Asststo-Oevetond 

17 (Ferry A, Chicago 22 (Lontfey A. 


DaBa* 19 24 14 25- 84 

Seattle 27 22 21 33-103 

D: DanBovfc 7-15 3-3 1ft Bradley 815 4-7 
1ft 5: Payton 1821 83 2ft Hawkins 812 84 
17. Rebamids-Dalas 56 (Bradcy 10k 
Seattle 44 (McMDan, Sduempt Cummings 
A.Assfats— Dallas 13 (HcrperA, Seattle 25 
(Payton O. 

Toronto 21 25 13 25— 84 

Miami 28 26 27 25— 98 

T: Stoudambe 7-19810 25, Camby 8123^5 
1 ft M; Hardaway 818 3-4 2ft Masbbum 813 

6 - 6 16. Rebounds — ^Toronto 46 (Camby, 
Ftozfer A, Miami 57 (Brown 13). 
Assists— Taranto 14 (Stoudomlre 7), Miami 
23 (Hardaway 9). 

PMkkMpMa 34 35 29 15-113 

Cbariotte 36 38 25 24-115 

P; Stocktwuse 14-24 7-9 39, toersan 1828 8 

7 32; C Rice 182Z 1810 41, Geiger 811 3-6 
15. Reboawts-Phlladflptila 56 Uveraon 10k 
Chariotre SB (Divac Geiger 13). 
Assists — PttftodelpMa 22 Ovenan 7). 
Cbarialle 29 (Dhac Bogues A. ' 

NewYffl* 23 » 29 34—702 

Abanto 25 27 20 25— 97 

N.Yj Starks 815 3-4 2ft Ewing 7-164-5 IB. 
Heboauds— New York 46 CB.WBBoms 8), 
ABonta 42 (Loettner 91. Assists— New Yoric 
23 (ChHds 8k Atlanta 14 (Lnettner 5). 

Phoenix 23 18 31 27— 99 

Parted 25 20 18 27— 90 

PTc Johnson 813 11-14 3ft Chapman 7-17 
84 22: Pa Anderson 818 58 22. Uoblnsen 

7- 1B5-619. Rebounds— Phoend: 45 (WBBams 
14k Portend 59 (Dwfley U). 
Assists— Phoenix 23 (Kidd 7k Ported 20 
(Anderson O. 

Sou Antonia 32 29 23 19-103 

GoMea state 34 35 26 25-120 

SJL WBktas 1815 4-4 2ft Del Negro 1812 
80 2ft GA: Marsbafl 12-16 87 3ft Muffln 8 
10 4-4 22. Rebounds— San Antonia 46 
. (Anderson 7k Golden State 44 (Marshal 9). 
Assists— Sai Antonia 32 (AkNandar lQk 
Golden Stare CSprewefl 13). 



Skats an goal: D- 7-1810-27. A- 1811- 
3— 2ft Power-play Opportunities— D- 0 of ft 
A- 0 af2. GaaBnc D-bfaa 1811 -3 CS shotS-25 
saves). M ShMenkor7-«.l 07-25). 

W L T Pis 

y 43 21 13 N 

da 43 22 12 98 

33 28 18 84 

W L T Pte GP GA 
39 27 (2 90 227 194 

37 33 8 82 274 264 

29 35 14 72 239 268 

30 37 11 71 211 242 

28 35 15 71 216 226 
25 44 9 59 225 287 

s-New Jersey 43 21 13 

x-PMaiMpMa 43 22 12 98 

x- Florida 33 28 18 84 

s-N.Y. Rangers 36 33 10 82 

Tampa Bay 30 39 9 69 

Vtashlngtan 30 40 8 68 

N.Y. Islanders 28 38 12 68 








W L T PtS 6P GA 
Z-DoUas 47 24 7 101 244 187 

x-BetroB 37 24 17 91 244 186 

x-Ptxjenlx 37 35 6 80 227 231 

SL Louis 33 34 11 77 227 235 

Chicago 31 34 13 75 209 203 

Taranto 29 42 -8 66 223 264 


W L T Pts CP GA 
Z-Cotarado 47 22 9 103 270 195 
u-Anabtim 34 33 13 81 237 229 

x-Ediradon 36 35 8 N 243 233 

Crrigmy 32 37 9 73 207 223 

Voncouwr 32 40 7 71 243 263 

Los Angeles 26 42 11 . 63 205 261 

Son JO* 26 44 8 60 201 266 
b-eflnehod dMsian lllte) 
(x-dbtehed pkryaff berth) 


NY Rangers 8 1 8-1 

Buffalo 3 2 0-5 

Pkst Petted: B-Sluman % ft B-Satan 20 
(Burridgft Hotdngert ft B-5aton 21 
(HaUnger, McKee) Second Period: New 
York, Gretzky 25 CLeektl. 5undstrom) (ppi.5, 
B-Stmnan 3 (Galley, HaUngw) (pp). ft B- 
Satrer 22 CShanaon, Galley) (pp). Thbd 
Period: Nana. Sbsts en b«* New York 5-7- 

9- 21. B- 12-8-9-29. Power-play 
Opportunities New York 1 of ft B- 2 of 5. 
Gardes: New Yak, Heaty 5-124 (29 shote-24 
saves). B» Hank 36-18-10 01-20). 

Tbapa Bay 8 0 0-8 

New Jersey 2 0 1—3 

First Period: N-L-HaBr 20 (Thcmas) ft 
New Jersey, MacLnan 25 (Gtetout) SatQ 
(pp). Second Period: Nana BM Period: 
N_uamour22 (MacLean, Dean) (err). Starts 
an gout T- 7-104-26. tU- 104-7-96. 
Pouwrptoy Opporiunfftesr-T- Q of ft NJ^I of 
Z GoaSes: r-Puw» 1-1-2 06 shate-2< sores). 
NJ.-y Brodeur 36-13-12 C26-25). 

Ct^ory 2 10 8-8 

Vancoover. 2 10 8-8 

First period; C-MBbnan ft ft v-NafimdlS 
(Nemdrlnav, MogBn^ ft &McCartby 3 
(Flewy, Titov) (pp). ft V-MogOny 31 
ONemchimw, Babyctd Strand Period: V- 
AuaXn 5 (Roberts. Bahonos) ft G-Flewy 29 
(Mdnrds)TUrd Period: None. Overtone: 
Nona. Snots on goat C- 13-10-5^-33. V- 9-3- 

10- 1— 28. Pownrpiay Opportunmes— C- 1 of 

S V-Oafft Goalies: G-KkM 21-2M (28 Shat»- 
25 saves). V> McLean IB-18-2 CSftOQ. 
Ootorado 1 3 2 0-6 

Sou Jose 13 2 1—7 

Ftr%f Periwfc SJ^Hoknr 3) (Rathfe) Z C-, 
Stride 21 OFoatft Fatsberp) (sW. Sucood 
Period: SJ.-Granato 21 (Rattle, Pettonea) ft 
C-Rkd 13 (Foote Kamensky) ft C-, 
Kdmrasky 28 (Oznllnriv Srricfc) (pp). ft SJ.- 
Dorravan 8 (McSortey, Ragnenaon) 7, & 
MBer 5 (SokJc. RkrD ft Sj.-Gronoto 22 
CnacotK) DM Period: S-L-Ragnrassoa ft 
lft Gy Porsberp 27 (Foote) (sfa). Ik ftJ.- 
Granato 23 (GflL Tureatte) lft GOzalnsh 22 
(Kamensky) (pp). Onrttme: lft SJj-Guafla 
13 (Rfesen). Starts an goafc C- 13-12-14- 
0—39. S-L- 5-9-14-1 — 29. Pawer-ptoy 
Opportantlles-G- 2 Of 7; SJ.- Oof 3LGoNa: 
C-BHngtan 11-7-2 (29 shate-22 saws). San 
Jose. Flaherty, i-fto 09-33). 

Dotes a 2 0—2 

AKAefcr 1 2 8-3 

Rat Period: A-RuaMn 19 (SeianmO 
Second Period: A-Setame 49, ft Dftidor 1 
(Madam Adams) ft D-ReM 16 
(Nteuwendyk, Honey] ft AKartya 42 
(Setanm Rncewn]ThM Pvriort Hone. 



Wriffm mill ti liimmim*. Dniffuit & lUaamted b\ UmeFSmih % burmntwnal tlnxdd Tribune / Ftijeuiund Sp>*b /tnnersfcj* Lftt 




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London: TdL + 44 171 836 4802 Ftte 44 171 420 0338 

Paris TeL: + 33 (0)14143 93 85 Fas S3 <Q) 1 41 43 93 .70 

Frankfort: TdU + 49 W 97 U 500 Fax* 49 69 97 12 50 20 

Ottawa l t 0—2 

pmstamtfi 3 2 8-6 

F Int Period: P-Nedred 28 (Bairws, VriU 
(sti). 2. P-Dztedzic 9 (MuOen, Moran) ft O- 
Reddtn 6 (AMrednorw CUnnaywortfite ft P- 
Hkfcs 7 (Barnes, VafO Secead Paste P- 
Nedred 29 (Beronek, Hatcher) ft O-ZMtok 
11 (DmMk Lambert) 7, P-v Lemieux 49 
(Jogr, KaspoMBU (shkTfcbd Paste None. 
Shots aa gte 0-11-88-27. P- 17-8-5-30. 
Crurtlee: O-Tognult P-Wreyget Laffme. 
Florida 1 1 8-3 

Breton 2 l 1—4- 

FH Pate B-Ray 9 (SturapeL WBsan) 2, 
p ABson7 cr^wattiay, DJSvreeaey) (ppkft 
F-, Gustofsson 7 CSvcbla) Second Pete B- 
BowqiM 18 (RaMoK StompeO Cppk ft F- 
Medamayer 12 (Garpuikw) TWO Period: 
B-Ray 10 (Sturapel DJwne na y ) Shots an 
gte F- 9-11-9— 29. B- 11-94^-29. Gates: 
P-VanbiesbraudL B-pney. 

Tampa Bay 2 I 0-3 

N.Y. tenders 1 8 1-2 

Hnt Period: T-Granon 28 (Occorefll 
5aBnmov) (pp). 2. T-doaneB 32 (Bun 
Toms] ft Now York. fLAndemn 12 (Green, 
Baton!) Sacoad Period: T-Surr 14 (Tam 
HuxrafD tblid Parted: N.Y^PoHty 48 
(RaidKl McCabe) Shots on goat T- 9-12- 
7-28. New York 6-4-e-lB. CreBree T- 
Tabaracd. New York, Site. 

Hnrtfwd 111-4 

Madrem 0 8 V- 1 

Pkst Parte H-WW«y 5 (Krai Chlarean) 
(pp). 2, H-Mandente (Murray) Secead 
Period: H4Aunay 5 (Manderrile) Ttard 
Porte M-Ructasky 27 (Brand, 
DamphousK) ft H-Prtnreau 2ft ten). Starts 
an goal: H- 13-12-6-31. M- 104-14-32. 
O otec H-BurtOLM-TtUbautt. 

Detrett 3 0 1—4 

Toronto 1 • 1-a 

Pbst Parted: T-Oork 29 (Sunrfirv Sulffvan] 
(pp). Z D-DofldanfluM (Fedsov, Shanotam) 
ft Ch Knubie T (Dasulenaull, McCarty) ft D- 
Yrerman 19 (Shanahan, Fedorov) (pp). 
Second Parte N«te Third Paste T- 
5wte40 (Wantnac Macoun) ft D-KPztov22 
(Fedorav, Rmrea). Sbats an gte D- 12-13- 
12-37. T- 8*4-20. Gwire: UOsgood. T- 

Vteanar 18 18-3 

Edmarten 8 118-3 

First Paste V-GeBnas 31 (Luinft 
Noonan) (pp)- Second Perio d. E-Welglit 19 
CMoidrant Kovalenko) Third Paste. E- 
Smym 36 (Amort, Bud di e ty ) ft V-Geflnas 
32 (Aooonv NariumO OresKte None. SMs 
en geafc V- 9-11 -1*5-38. E- 12-16-18-4-60. 
GaaOes: V-McLun BJasepft. 

Dtes 1 2 0 8—3 

In ennrlrr 1 2 0 0 3 

first Period: D-Rnld 19, ft UL-Barg 2 
(BMw) (pp). Second Paste D-Madano 34 
(DJtateftec LBtmnenJ ft UL-T^yptakov U . 
(Yactonanev, Berg) ft Las Angeles. 
Nuradnen 15 (RLVapab Wake) ft D-fflodano 
as (LehSnea Sydort D*d Period: None. 
OmrtonsB None. Starts on fori: D- 15-9-15- 
1—40. LAr 159-7-1 —27. Genies: D-Moog. 

Uta-StofT. . . 



Lrimtar kMAUesbraurdi 1 
(Replay April lft QtVObborough, Sheffield) 
SBiWBAM ■— — USte 
Portona DussneMcsf ft SL Pairtl 0 
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27; St Poifl a 3r F reiburg lft 

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Newcastle 1, Sunderland 1 

NeWnghara Forest 1, Southampton 3 

Tottenham 1, Wtaibtadori 0 

Liverpool l, Coventry 2 

ramim Manchester United 63; Ais*- 

nai 6(1 Uvapool 60; Newosne 5ft Aston VUto 

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tremadura 35; Espanyal 34 Zaragoza 3ft 
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Paris St Germain 1. Rennes 1 

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■ - Brown Hits 


and Pitches 
In Marlin Win 

CoHfMby OarSktfFrun Dbfmha 

Kevin Brown, the pitcher, drove in 
two runs and the Honda Marlins took 
advantage of nine walks, including two 
with the bases loaded, to beat the Cin- 
cinnati Reds. 3-2, on Sunday. 

Florida went ahead when die reliever 
_. Scott Service walked Jeff Conine on a 3- 
1 .? 2 pitch with two our and the bases 

NL Roundup 

loaded in the seventh. Service replaced 
John Smiley (l-l), who had walked the 
bases loaded. 

The Marlins concluded their opening 
homestead with a 5-1 record andsole 
possession of first place in the NL 
The game drew a crowd of 36446 
Attendance averaged 33,154 during the 
bomestand, compared with 26,613 for 
the first six games last year. 

. Brava* 4, Cute o Greg Maddox al- 
lowed three bits in eight innings, speeds 
ing Atlanta past Chicago in just 1 hour, 
47 minutes — the fastest major feagiy* 
game in five years. 

Chicago, which made four errors, 
to 0-6, its worst start since 

.1 ... 

Maddux didn't allow a hit until the 
fourth inning. He didn't walk a batter in 
the game and - 14 of his oats came on 
grounders. He threw 91 pitches before 
Mark Wohlers came on to pitch the 


Bnvmi i i t cute s Earlier, Javy Lopez 
hat hit a two-run homer as Atlanta and 
Chicago completed a game suspended 
the previous night because of rain. 

The Braves led Saturday night’s 
game 8-5 when the umpires halted play 
in the bottom of the seventh after nearly 
four hours of rain. 

In games played Saturday: 

pirates 3, Dodgers i They started ar- 
riving by the busloads early Saturday 
afternoon. They waited at the ticket 
windows, rushed through the Dodger 
Stadium gates, and got to their seats, 
awaiting the moment. 

When the Los Angeles Dodgers’ 
starting pitcher, Chan Ho Park, took the 
mound, they stood proudly, waving 
South Korean flags. There were nearly 
5,000 South Korean fans among the 
crowd of 41 j099 to witness Park’s first 
start of die season. While the result was 
a victory by the Pittsburgh Pirates and a 
loss for Park, it hardly diminished the 
fans' enthusiasm. 

“I feel honored," Park said. “I rep- 
resent not only the Dodgers, but my 

Park proved in his first start of the 
season drat he could be a permanent 
fixture in the starting rotation, yielding 
seven hits and three runs in six strong 
innings. He went back to the bullpen 
Sunday, but he will return as a starter. 
"Chan Ho is our fifth starter," Bill 
Russell, the Dodgers' manager said. 

It was not a historic debut for Park. 
He bad already made 11 starts since 

Brewers Flatten 
Jays in 4-2 Victory 

kun klluh Vfrarr Iramr-IVi ■■ ■ 

Shigetosbl Hasegawa pitching for Anaheim against Cleveland in the first inning of his major league debut 

joining the Dodgers in 1994, but this 
time was different 

This time, be wasn't making a spot 
start in September. This time, he wasn't 
filling in for an injured pitcher. This time, 
be was opening the season as a bona fide 
member of the starting rotation. 

Park’s primary trouble Saturday was 
gaiheringhis composure at the start. The 
first batter he faced. Tony Womack, 
battled nine .pitches before lining a 
single to left field. 

Park fell behind 2-aod-0 to the next 
hitler, Jermaine Allens worth, who then 
hit a fastball into the Dodger ballpen for a 
two-run homer. A1 Martin continued the 
onslaught by hitting a single to center. 
But Park settled down, retiring 13 of the 
next 15 hitters. ...... 

Pad*** 4, PhBiie* i Sterling Hitch- 
cock, making his first National League 
start, gave up one fait in eight innings in 
San Diego.. 

Hitchcock, acquired in an offseason 
trade with Seattle, allowed only Rico 

Brogna's double in the fifth inning. The 
left-hander, who made his NL debut in 
relief cm Wednesday against the New 
York Mets, struck out five and walked 
one. Hitchcock left for a pinch-hitter in 
the eighth, and Trevor Hoffman fin- 
ished the combined one-hitter by strik- 
ing out the side in the ninth. 

Martin* 4, Reds 3 Edgar Renteria tied 
the game for Florida with an inside-the- 
paric homer in the ninth inning and then 
batted in the game winner in the 1 1th. 
The victory put Florida in sole pos- 
session of first in die NL East for the 
fust time its five-year history. 

In the ninth. Renteria hit a fly to right- 
center. The center fielder. Deion Sanders, 
and the (right fielder, Reggie Sanders, 
collided trying to catch the ball and it 
rolled to the wall as Renteria scored. 

A*tn»a 6, Canfiwi* 2 In Houston, Sl 
L ouis fell to 0-5. James Mouton 
homered and Sid Fernandez won his 
300th career Stan for the Astros. 

Delino DeShields hit a home run on 

Fernandez's second pitch of the game 
for Sl Louis. But Fernandez, who 
pitched only 16% innings in spring 
training because he was suffering from 
high blood pressure and sore biceps, 
picked up the victory by giving up four 
hits in five innings. 

Rockies is. Expos 3 Larry Walker hit 
three home runs and Colorado, playing 
on the road, connected for a team -record 
seven home runs. 

Giants 2, Mets o A pinch-hitter, Rick 
Wilkins, lined a two-run double in the 
eighth inning to give San Francisco the 
victory over visiting New York, 

(AP. LAT) 

Orr?: nt/1 Shift 

Jeff Cnillo doubled home the go- 
ahead nut in the seventh inning off Par 
Hentgen on Sunday, leading the Mil- 
waukee Brewers past the Toronto Blue 
Jays 4-2. 

With the score tied at 2-2. Jesse Levis 
singled with one out in the seventh. 
With two outs. Cirilio doubled 

AL Roundup 

over left fielder Shawn Green for his 
second run-batted-in of the game. 

John Jaha hit a solo home nin off 
Hentgen in the eighth. 

In games played Saturday: 

Indians 7, Angela 5 Shifie-mania ar- 
rived in Anaheim Stadium on Saturday 
night, the long-awaited debut of the 
Japanese pitcher Shigeroshi Hasegawa 
for the Angels. 

But it didn't last very long. After 
three scoreless innings. Hasegawa gave 
up a run in the fourth and was bombed 
for four in the fifth, as the Geveland 
Indians stormed to a come - from -be hin d 
7-5 victory’. 

Hasegawa. who took the loss, cruised 
through the first three innings, giving up 
just one hit. He stayed in good shape 
despite giving up a’ run in the fourth, 
because the Angels scored twice in the 
bottom of the fourth for a 4-1 lead. 

Then came the disastrous fifth, 
opened by Kevin Mitchell's single to 
right. Sandy Alomar then golfed a low- 
and-inside fastball over the left-field 
wall for ahome run — his second in two 
days — to trim the lead to 4-3. 

Omar Vizquel and Jim Thome 
singled, and Matt Williams followed 
with a run-scoring double into the left- 
field comer to tie the game, 4-4. 

The Angels went to the bullpen for 
their left-hander. Chuck McElroy. who 
got David Justice to ground to shortstop 
— with Thome coming home to score a 
run that was charged to Hasegawa. 
McElroy struck out Manny Ramirez to 
end the inning. 

Cleveland's closer, Paul Shuey, hit a 
barter and walked two in the bottom of 
the ninth. But he recovered to retire 
Garret Anderson on a grounder to 
second to end the game. 

Hasegawa became the fourth Japan- 
ese player to appear in the major 
leagues, following San Francisco's 
Masanori Murakami, the Dodgers' 
Hideo Nomo and Seattle's Makato Su- 
zuki. He threw 86 pitches in 4 innings, 
giving up five runs on seven hits, strik- 
ing out two and walking two. 

Rod Sox a. Mariners 6 Nomar Gar- 
ciaparra hit a three-run homer in the 

ninth inning off Norm Chariton to give 
Boston a victory and overshadow Randy 
Johnson's return for the Mariners. 

Garcia parra's first homer of the sea- 
son spoiled a night when 57,110 wel- 
comed Johnson back to the Kingdoms 
mound and saw Ken Griffey Jr. hit his 
fourth homer this season. 

Johnson, starting for the first time 
since last May, struck out eight in six 
strong innings. The left-hander, whose 
1 996 season was ended by back surgery, 
allowed five hits, four for extra bases, 
and didn't walk a batter. 

Johnson gave up a two-run homer to 
Wil Cordero in the fourth inning of an 
otherwise dominating performance, and 
left with a 3-2 lead. 

Tigers 15, White Sox 12 In Chicago, 
Brian Hunter’s fourth hit sparked a five- 
run seventh inning as the Tigers rallied 
after blowing a big lead. 

Tony Clark, who also had four hits, 
homered twice and Bobby Higginson 
and Damion Easley each had three-run 
shots in Detroit's 19-hit attack. 

The game lasted 4 hours, 20 minutes, 
one minute short of tying the record for 
the longest nine-inning game ever. 

Yankees 10, Athletics 5 In Oakland. 

Paul O'Neill’s grand slam capped a six- 
run third and Derek Jeter tied a career 
high with four hits for New York. 

Jose Canseco. Geronimo Berroa and 
Scott Spiezio homered for the A's. Jose 
Canseco hit a two-run shot in the third, 
his first homer since rejoining the A's 
this season in a trade from Boston. 

Dwight Gooden (.1-0) got the victory 
despite allowing the three homers. 

Brewers 5, Blue Jays 2 Gerald Wil- 
liams hit a home run. then doubled to 
break a sixth-inning tie as Milwaukee 
won in Toronto. 

Williams, who pulled the Brewers 
even at 2-2 in the fourth with his first 
home run of the season, doubled to left- 
center for a 3-2 lead in the sixth. 

Twins 7, Royal* 5 In Minneapolis, 
Chuck Knoblauch broke out of an early- 
season slump with three hits, and Terry 
Steinbach had three runs batted in for 

Knoblauch was in a 1 -for- 14 slump 
through four games, bur had three 
singles, scored a run and knocked in 

Orioles a. Ranger® 7 Lenny Webster's 
two-run double keyed a five-run first, 
and Baltimore remained baseball's only 
unbeaten team with a victory in Texas. 

Webster and Cal Ripken, who had a 
two-run turner in a three-run ninth, 
drove in three runs apiece for the Ori- 
oles. Eric Davis went 3-for-5 and scored 
three runs. 

Biggest Shake-Up in 

Washington Post Service 

T HE BOX scores are back. The 
league standings greet us at the 
breakfast table again. Now. after 
five months of hot-stove talk, we can 
start to find out what mattered during 
the off-season and how much was just 
background noise. 

Baseball still has plenty of problems. 
But. in one area, the game has never 
been more fun. This is the era of Big 
Changes. Who’s wearing a new uniform 
this season? Wrong question. Who 
hasn’t changed teams? 

When a sport endures a ton of per- 
sonnel changes it is usually bad for die 
game. Team continuity is lost Loyalties 
'jt are smashed. 

Basically, it’s a mess. 

However, when it’s the genuine stars 
and even superstars who are moving to 
new towns, that’s fascinating. They re 
worth the trouble. 

When an Albert Belle or Kenny 
Lofton changes teams, it alters the com- 
petitive landscape of an entire league 

and invigorates the game. 

In the past 25 years, has baseball ever 
seen such a personnel shake-up? Pick an 
all-star team of players who have 
changed uniforms since last season, 
they could hold their own 
star team picked from among all the rest 

e of Musical Chairs 

25 Years Could Make Baseball More Fun 

Vantage Point / Thomas Boswell 

(Yankees) with John WetteJand 

these guys? Clemens had the worn re- 
cord of any of themlast year* 

Steve (Twins) 


Worid Series hero Jim Leyntz ( Ang ; 

we would option out. affiliations 

liams (Mans! (Jays) at 

als) at shortstop. ^i^rSlatfeL 
second and ^nOlerud 
Mike Bordick (Dnjta) 

We would, have i*c **<**"^ 
baseball with Belle (CTu 

(Braves) and ^^^JStemwouJdbe 
In feet Mar- 

•stunning: David J^ncev ^ M{)1SCS 

- Jim Ley land can manage with Ray 
Miller as pitching coach. As soon as hie 
sells the Dodgers, Peter O'Malley will 
have tipie on his hands. He can own us. 

Sony, Eddie Murray (501 career 
homers), Todd Zetie (99 RBI) and Jeff 
King (30 homers). You’re cut. 

Out of all this mass migration, what 
wifi change foe standings and whai 
won't? Nobody really knows. But let’s 
pretend that the way things will weak 
out this season is the way we want diem 
to work ouL For once, let’s predict with 
our hearts, not our brains. 

That makes it easier. But, this year, it 
also feels accurate. 

Whom do we want to foil? That’s 
easy. The Yankees, for starters. Tbey’ve 
got their worid tide. Now go away for 
another 20 years. 

George Steinbrenner has presumably 
taken care of this problem. The most 
vital Yank was reliever WetteJand. Now 
he is inTexas. Mariano Rivera can close, 
but who sets him up? Thanks, George. 

N EXT, let’s hex foe While Sox 
and Martins. Jerry Reinsdorf 
and Wayne Huizenga, the two 
owners who have helped baseball the 
least, were architects of the '94 Strike. 
Now, they're die main spenders in the 
Salary Explosion, of ’97. Thanks, guys. 
By next century, could you please leave 
{became alone? 

The reason salaries have risen an ut- 
terly unnecessary 17 percent to $1.37 
million a roan is that Reinsdorf paid $1 1 
million a year for Belle while Huizenga 
it $90 million on free agents (see 
As die Orioles assistant general 
manager, Kevin Malone, said of Belle’s 
salary: “Last year the highest paid play- 
er made $8 million. So, the White Sox 
jump Belle to SI I million. Can't they 
count? What happened to nine and 
10 ?" 

The baseball gods work in mysterious 
ways. Unfortunately for Robin Ventura. 
The Chi sox may have their Batmen — 
Belle and Frank Thomas — but they 
won’t have their Robin for ai least four 
months because of his gruesome dis- 
located compound fracture of the right 
ankle. Now when you look at Chicago, 
you see what has gone — Fernandez and 
Tapani — rather than what has arrived. 
The White Sox fourth and fifth starters 
stink. That will lose as many as Belle 
wins. . 

Maybe nothing can stop the Marlins. 
Leytand is die key. But what a brutal 

clubhouse he has got. He’ll need 50 extra 
lockers for everyone to park their egos. 
At least Providence has put the Braves 
pitching rotation in the same division. 

So if these rich guys are goin’ down, 
who’s cornin’ up? 

First, let’s eliminate the seven teams 
in baseball with a $50 million payroll. 
How much talent does it take to build a 
team that way? Or to pick a winner from 
the fat cat pool? Besides our despised 
Yanks, White Sox and Martins, let s nix 
the Orioles, Indians, Braves and 
Rangers. In a world of $50 million to 
$60 million payrolls, is it really possible 
to get to the World Series on a budget of 
less than $40 milli on? 

Watch the Seattle Mariners and San 
Diego Padres do it. Or maybe the Blue 
Jays or Dodgers — both under $45 
million and still marginally sane — can 
pull off the trick. 

In Seattle, this is Ken Griffey Jr.’s 
year to hit 62 home runs. 

His back-to-backm in his first two at 
bats on Monday were magi tail. No 
lineup is as scary as the one with Alex 
Rodriguez, Edgar Martinez and Jay 
Buhner. Just as Greg Maddux, Tom 
Glavine and John Smoltz deserved an 
October stage, so do these Mariners. 

They’re historic. With his surgically 
repaired back. Randy Johnson will get 
them there. 

This season's sweetest surprise win- 
ner, however, would be the Padres. Last 
season, they won the National League 
West by a game over the Dodgers. If 
they could win 91 games then, why 
can’t they go higher with a full season 
from slugger Greg Vaughn, who com- 
plements Most Valuable Player Ken 
Caminiti, Steve Finley, Tony Gwynn 
and Wally Joyner? 

No San Diego player makes more 
than $4 million. That’s a ton. 

But it’s not as nuts as Lenny Dykstra 
making $6 million or lackadaisical 
Ruben Sierra making nearly $7 million. 
Just because the numbers get huge, you 
don’t have to lose your mind. The 
Padres haven't. You can still shop for 
value, even if it’s a little old and sh 
worn like Fernando Valenzuela. 

So, lei the line scores clack across the 
ticker tape in the press box all summer. 
Let those half-inning updates be flashed 
on scoreboards across North America. 
And this time, let’s noi have a baseball 
year where' the final standings in Oc- 
tober look almost identical to the team- 
by-team salary chart in April. 




Michael Doohan sta 
can he become thtjLj, 
Championship 4 co 


11 - 13 April, LIVE, The 
Malaysian Grand Prlx, 
Shah Alam 

The first round of the season 
comes from the Shah Alam 
Raceway just outside of Kuala 

Indy car: 

12 - 13 April, LIVE, The 
PPG CART World Series, 
Long Beach 

The third round of the series 
comes from the street circuit of 
Long Beach in California 



BASEBALL Spotlight Falls on 2 Stars From Asia p. 1 9 BASKETBALL Kemp Is Fined and Benched but Sonics Win p. 1 8 

PAGE 20 

World Roundup 

Hingis Beats Seles 

tennis Maitiiia Hingis fought 
back to beat Monica Seles, 3-6, 6- 
3, 7-6 (7-5). on Sunday in the final 

of the Family Circle champion- 
ship at Hilton Head Island, South 


A week after destroying Seles 
6-2. 6-1 in 44 minutes to win the 
Litton Championship, Hin gis 
trailed 0-5 in the fust set and 
needed more than two hours to 
take her sixth title this year. 

“In tennis, you can never say a 
match is gone,” she said. “I was 
upset with the way I played and 
started to play Longer points.” 

Hingis survival three break 
points to go 2-2 in the second set, 
then broke serve twice to even the 
match. She led 5-2 in the third but 
Seles fought off three match points 
in the ninth game to stay alive. 
Hingis then made made 10 straight 
errors to allow Seles to lead 6-5. 
Seles then led 5-3 in die tie break 
but then made four errors. 

• Steffi Graf paid $775,000 to 
German tax authorities and to 
charity in the deal that ended an 
investigation into her taxes last 
month, reported Der Spiegel, a 
German news magazine. 

Der Spiegel did not identify its 
source, but quoted tax officials as 
being angry about the deal. (AP) 

Redskins Owner Dies 

football Jack Kent Cooke, 
the flamboyant entrepreneur who 
owned the Washington Redskins, 
died Sunday. He was 84. Cardiac 
arrest was the apparent cause. 

Cooke had owned the Redskins 
for 23 years, during which time 
they won three Super Bowls. 

Cooke was bom in Canada. He 
sold encyclopedias during the De- 
pression before malting his fortune 
in radio and television companies, 

real estate and newspaper publish- 
ing. His net worth when he died 

was estimated at S825 millio n. 

Cooke's first venture into sports 
came in 1951, when he bought die 
Toronto Maple Leafs of baseball’s 
AAA International league. For a 
while he owned the Los Angeles 
Lakers and the Los Angeles Kings 
and built them the Los Angeles 
Forum, in 1967. He also owned a 
horse breeding farm in Kentucky. 

He was married five times, and 
his first divorce, from the former 
Jeannie Carnegie, made the Guin- 
ness Book of world Records for 
die largest settlement at that time 
($49 million in 1 979). (AP) 

Sorensen Wins Classic 

CYC UNO Rolf Sorensen broke 
away in the final kilometer 
Sunday to win the 256-kilometer 
Tour of Flanders on Sunday after a 
crash dashed the chances of the 
favorite, Johan Museeuw. 

Sorensen, of the Dutch team Ra- 
bobank, crossed the line in five 
hours, 57 minute, .01 seconds. Fre- 
deric Moncassin, of the Gan team, 
was second and Franco Ballermi, 
of Mapei, third. ( Reuters ) 

Joel RoWneMgcncs Ftaacc-PteSK 

John Kemboi of Kenya winning 
the Paris Marathon on Sunday. 


. r-tf * 



MONDAY- APRIL 7, 1997 

Bjorkman Clinches Davis Cup Tie for Sweden 

CanpUei In Our S&ff Fmm 

Jonas Bjorkman outlasted Grant 
Stafford in five sets Sunday to clinch a 
3-2 victory for Sweden against South 
Africa in their World Group Davis Cup 
quarterfinal in Vaxjo, Sweden. 

Bjorkman was playing his third 
match in as many days but showed no 
signs of fatigue in the final set, his 14th 
during the weekend, and won, 3-6. 6-0, 
3-6, 6-2, 6-2. 

“Winning the doubles gave me con- 
fidence,” said Bjorkman, who teamed 
with Nicklas Kulti to win Saturday's 
doubles. “It was fantastic for me — 

Davis CdpTinnis 

fU. Tri«l..L»i . hm 

South Africa’s Wayne Ferreira hitting a forehand on his way to a victory against Sweden’s Thomas Enqvist 

clinching the series in my hometown! 
It’s my best Davis Cup moment since 
1994, when we won the Davis Cup." 

Earlier Sunday, Wayne Ferreira of 
South Africa beat Thomas Enqvist to tie 
the match at 2-2. Ferreira, ranked 10th 
in the world, won 6-4, 6-4, 6-4. Enqvist, 
ranked seventh in the world, has lost all 
three of his matches against Ferreira. 

After dropping the third set, Bjoric- 
man capitalized on a pair of unforced 
errors and a double-fault by the 69th- 
ranked South African to get back into 
die match. Trailing 15-40, Stafford 
double-faulted, and Bjorkman had his 
break to lead 3-2. The Swede broke 
again for 5-2. 

In the deciding set, Bjorkman made a 

perfect start as he broke Stafford for a 
third strait 

Incentive for a U.S. Doubles Team? 

[ straight time, forcing the taller and 
slower South African to run from side to 
side. Bjorkman broke for 4-1, and after 

By Robin Finn 

New York Times Service 

NEWPORT BEACH. California — 
The hometown hecklers, hungry for a 
U.S. sweep in its Davis Cup quarterfinal 
with the Netherlands, started in Sat- 
urday just as the Dutch doubles team 
was poised to convert a set point for a 
two-sets-to-none lead over Rick Leach 
and Jonathan Stark. 

“Where's Galbraithe?” one stage- 
whispered. referring to Patrick Gal- 
braithe. one of a tribe of U.S. doubles 
specialists who — more worried about 
their wallets than their national team — 
prefer to pair up with foreign players. 

Jacco Eltingh ignored the crowd and 
fired an ace for the two-set lead, on the 
way to a dominating 6-4, 6-4, 3-6. 6-3 
Dutch victory. The experienced duo of 
Paul Haarhuis and Eltingh, who have 
three Grand Slams together, improved 
its Davis Cup record to 6-2 and trimmed 
the U.S. lead in the three-of-five-match 
quarterfinal to 2-1. 

“These guys have played together so 
often, I don't have to do anything,” said 
Stan Franker, the Dutch captain. 

If Harry Maimion, president of the 
U.S. Tennis Federation, has his way, 
this will be the last time the United 
States fields a hastily assembled tan- 
dem. He wants to offer a financial in- 

centive for cup doubles teams, and 
hopes it will entice American players to 
choose each other as business partners. 

Haarhius and Eltingh, who teamed up 
five years ago. said they weren't an 
overnight sensation, and that even after 
their partnership paid off, it required a lot 
of patience to travel together 48 weeks a 
year. These days, said Eltingh, most 
doubles teams give themselves only a 
couple of months to sink or swim. 

"A lot of American teams play to- 
gether for maybe two or three months,' ’ 
said Eltingh. “And if the results aren't 
straight-away winning tournaments, 
they quit. So this can maybe help them 
get some security.” 


saving Stafford’s only break point in die 
set, the Swede hit two service winners 
that gave him a 5-1 lead. 

Bjorkman was bom in Vaxjo. in 
southern Sweden, and still belongs to 
the city’s biggest tennis club. 

Sweden will host Italy in the semi- 
finals, scheduled for Sept 19-21. The 
matches will probably be held indoors. 

“It’s better for us to play Italy at 
home because die Spanish players have 
improved on all surfaces, said Bjork- 

Italy 4, Spain i Omar Camporese, 
who nearly retired four years ago be- 
cause of a serious elbow injury, beat 
Albert Costa Sunday to complete un- 
derdog Italy's 4-1 defeat of Spain in die 
Davis Cup quarterfinals. 

Camporese beat Costa, 6-2, 3-6, 6-4, 

after Carlos Moya had beaten the Italian 
stand-in Marzio Martelli. 7-6 (7-5), 4-6. 
6-3, to salvage a point for Spain. 

Martelli made his Davis Cup debut in 
place of die Italian No. 1 Renzo Furian. 
who was rested because of a nagging 
left thigh injury. Italy clinched the tie. 
playing indoors mi carpet in Pesaro. 
Italy, on Saturday. Camporese and 
Diego Nargiso beat Spain's doubles 
tpam of Javier Sanchez and Francisco 
Roig, 5-7, 7-6 (7-0). 6-2, 7-6 (7-51, 
giving the hosts an insurmountable 3-0 
lead in the best-of-five series and mak- 
ing Sunday's final two singles matches 

Australia 5, Cxach RepubSc O In Ad- 
elaide, Australia completed its sweep of 
the Czech Republic on Sunday when 
Mark Philippoussis and Pat Rafter won 
their reverse singles marches; 

Philippoussis overpowered Martin 
Damm, 6-4, 6-2, in the first of the re- 
verse singles before Rafter beat David 
Rfld, 7-6. 0-6, 6-2. 

The grass surface helped the fast- 
serving Phili ppoossis , who needed just 
66 minutes to beat Daxma. 

Rafter fought back after a sluggish 
start to overcome RikJ, a lowly ranked 
player better known for his doubles 

Australia had already clinched the tie 
cm Saturday when Todd Woodbridge 
and Mark Woodforde. the top-ranked 
doubles pair in the world, beat Damm 
and Rikl 4-6, 6-1. 7-5, 6-4, to give the 
hosts an unbeatable 3-0 lead. 

Australia will face either the United 
States or the Netherlands in the final. 

A notch down the Davis Cup di- 
visions, among those countries trying to 
move up to the World Group next year, 
Austria beat Croatia. 3-2. in Graz. 

Goran Ivanisevic, the world No. 5, 
beat Thomas Muster, ranked No. 2, 6-7 
(5-7), 7-5, 6-7 15-7). 6-2. 7-5. in a mara- 
thon match to level the tie at 2-2, but 
Gilbert Schaller of Austria then beat 
Sasha Hirszon, 6-3, 6-3, 7-5. 

In London. Byron Black beat Jamie 
Delgado of Britain. 6-0. 6-0. 6-2, to give 
Zimbabwe a winning 3-1 lead. Black 
and his brother, Wayne, between them 
played all four matches for Zimbabwe. 

- In other matches. New Zealand beat 
Indonesia, 5-0; Slovakia beat Israel, 3- 
1; Austria beat Croatia, 3-2, and South 
Korea eliminated China, 4-1 . 

(AP. Reuters ) 

t Gernun 


y\ t *- llinb* 

Heskey Goal Saves Leicester 
In Extra-Time of League Cup 


Emile Heskey scrambled in a goal three minutes 
from the end of extra-time Sunday to give 
Leicester City a 1-1 tie with Middlesbrough in the 
final of the League Cup, the less prestigious of 

England's two cup competitions. 
The game will be 

home of Sheffield Wi 

at Hillsborough, 
i y on Wednesday 

April 16. The result preserves two curious records. 

iddlesbrough has still not won a major trophy in 
its 121-year history and Leicester has still not won 

S final at Wembley — it has lost four FA- Cup 
; there, a record. 

Middlesbrough had seemed set for victory after 
the Italian Fabrizio Ravanelli broke the deadlock by 

then Dion Dublin, a former Manchester United 
striker, stunned the Airfield crowd of more than 
40,000 with a winner in the last minute. 

The victory lifted Coventry off the bottom of the 
table and out of the three relegation places. 

Liverpool remain third, level on points with 
Arsenal, which won 3-0 at Chelsea on Saturday, 
and three points behind United, which lost 3-2 at 
home to Darby on Saturday. 

Netherlands PSV Eindhoven drew 2-2 away 
against NAC Breda on Sunday but stayed top of the 
table as second-placed Feyenoord drew 0-0 against 
Vitesse Arnhem. 

* . - 

lie Europe 

,i p , . 

Third-placed Twente Enschede fell four points 

* ' waal- 

Euioman Soccir Roundup 

; a left-foot drive through a crowd of players 
in (be 95th minute. 

But with time running out, Heskey stabbed the 
ball home from close range after Middlesbrough's 
defense failed to clear. 

Ravanelli's goal came just minutes after be had 
missed a far easier chance, shooting straight at 
goalkeeper Kasey Keller from three meters. 

Both teams hit the woodwork in normal time 
with Heskey heading on to the top of the Middles- 
brough bar after 65 minutes and Ravanelli heading 
on to Kasey Keller’s right-post after 79. 

Liverpool wasted an opportunity to go top of the 
English premier league on Sunday when it lost 2-1 
at home to struggling Coventry. 

Liverpool would have overtaken Manchester 
United a it had won. It took the lead early in the 
second half when Robbie Fowler slotted a shot past 
Coventry goalkeeper Steve Ogrizovic for his 29th 
goal of the season. 

Coventry equalized through Noel Whelan and 

behind after losing 3-2 to bottom club RKC 
wijk while Ajax remained fourth on 48 after beat- 
ing Volendam 3-0 away. 

PSV went ahead early on but NAC were the 
dominant team in the first half and took the lead 
with goals by Australian striker Alan Arambasic 
and Ruud Brood. Belgian international Gille de 
Bilde, making his debut for the Eindhoven side, 
leveled in the second half. 

Italy Heman Crespo scored twice Sunday as 
AC Parma beat Sampdoria of Genoa 3-0 to solidify 
its hold on second place in Serie A. The second- 
place team will gain a place in next season’s 
European Champions League. 

Crespo netted in the 34th and 84th minutes to 
give him five goals in as many matches, Roberto 
Sensini. another Argentinean, scored Parma’s third 
goal with a diving neader. Sampdoria, which has 
won only one of its last seven games, dropped to 
fifth place. 

Bologna moved past Sampdoria by beating last- 
place Reggiana 3-2 with two goals from Russian 
striker Igor Kolyvanov. 

SPAIN Barcelona tightened its grip on second 
place in the Spanish league when it brushed aside 

Ljddt hiadl^/Tbc AnvcuW 

Middlesbrough’s Emerson feuding off Leicester's Neil Lennon in the League Cup final. - 

Uo Chief 

Sporting Gijon 4-0 on Sunday while third-] 

Real Beds conceded a late goal and tied 
home against Racing Santander. Barcelona closed 
within six points of leader Real Madrid which 
plays Compostela on Monday. Even second place 
will put Barcelona into next season’s Champions 
League. It cruised to victory with goals by Ivan de 
la Pena. Juan Pizzi and Brazilians Giovanni and 

Germany VfB Stuttgart lost vital ground in the 
tight German league title race when they could 
only manage a I -1 draw at bottom club Freiburg on 

Fourth-placed Stuttgart, who were without 
Brazilian striker Giovane Elber, struggled to find 


the net against a team who looked doomed to 1 
second division football next season. - ■ • 

Stuttgart are now six points behind leaders Bay- 
ern Munich wbo stretched their lead at the top with 
a 3-0 win at Hamburg on Saturday. 

Borus sia Dortmund beat neighbor Bochum 2-0 
Saturday to jump over Bayer Leverkusen, whit* 
slipped to third after a surprise 1-0 defeat at re- 


Stephane Chapuisat scored twice for the reign-, 
non which entertains Manchester United 

ing champion 

in the European Champions Cnp semi-final on 
Wednesday. Dortmund finishe d with 10 men after 
Matthias Sammer, the European player of the year, 
was sent off in the second half. 

Every’ country has its own AT&T Access Number which 

makes calling from France and other countries really 

easy. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 

you're calling from and you’ll get the fastest, clearest 

connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 

AT&T Calling Card. It’ll help you avoid outrageous 

phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to 60%? 

i.JuU dial the AT&T Access Number 
fa the country you are calling from. 

Z Dial the phone number you’re calling. 

i Dial the calling card number listed 
show your name. 

AT&T Access lumbers 

EUROPE -- - 










rf’-iand .. 




Netherlands *...., 

. 66-022-91 H 

Keats • a (Moscow) * 








United Kingdom a. 

_ .000998-0011 






Saudi Arabia* 






So please check the list For AT&T Access Numbers. 

Kenya* — .2 J.......JWO0-1O- 

South Africa 

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