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'*»!** 



r. T The World’s Daily Newspaper 


London, Thursday, April 10, 1997 


U.S. Tells Mobutuilfs Time for You to Go 


By David B. Ottaway 

ttattoigw. Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton ad- 
mim strati on Wednesday formally 
called on President Mobutu Sese Seko 
of Zaire, one of America’s closest Cold 
War African allies, to resign to fa- 
cilitate a peaceful settlement to his 
country's political crisis. 

“Mobutuism is about to become a 
creature of history,” said Michael Mc- 
Cuny, the White House press secre- 
tary, in unusually blunt lang uage . 

[The U.S, comments came as Za- 
ire’s second-largest city fell to rebels 
and clashes occurred in the streets of 
Kinshasa, the capital. Page 2.] 

Mr. McCuny said the United States 
had conveyed the tough message 
through undisclosed diplomatic chan- 
nels “because the support for President 
Mobutu is not sufficient to lead Zaire 
into the next chapter of its history.” 

Marshal Mobutu was “well aware” 
of die administration’s position, he ad- 
ded. 

The White House spokesman made 
clear that, while Washington suppor- 
ted a negotiated solution that will in- 
clude agreements on an interim trap- 
sitional government and eventually 
new elections, it did not foresee any 
role in such a process for Marshal 
Mobutu, who for 25 years during die 
Cold War served as a pillar of U.S. 
policy in Africa. 

Mr. McCurry declined to say whether 
See ZAIRE, Page 6 


• >'>. \ ,* 4 . 

■V 



Sr®f 


AGENDA 

Russia Sees Paris 
' As Si gning Site 

| . Moscow has told the French it 

Jj wants the signing of a NATO-Ri& 

^ aa declaration to be held in Paris, . 

For tbe French, this could be part of 
Sc 4: a trade-off in winch they accepted 

' the U.S. position an who holds the 

‘ : alliance's Southern Command in 

officials f^biuttodthajt^ 
. Washington would be ha^jy with ad 
•iryrV; arrangement that gave {^mceadoo- 

' spicuous role in the new departure 

with Moscow. Page 6. 

Japan Raids Office 
Of Nuclear Company 

Prime Minister Ryutaro 
| ■ Hashimoto of Japan ordered raids 
i: 5 /Mm iWednesday on a state corporation 

• t ■ .in charge of reprocessing nuclear 

I fuel after officials admitted that 
^ v they had falsified a report about 

Japan’s worst nuclear accident. 

" - “Tam so angry I could not utter a 

single word,” he said- “We will get 
third-party consultants to conduct a 
full probe.” Page 4. 

MGE TWO 

Golf Prodigy Dr ivm to Despair 

EUROPE P*0»7. 

Resting Place for Russian IRstoiy 

Books Page 10. 

Crossword. — P^elO. 

Opinion Pages 8-9. 

Sports Pag» M*-19 

jj' International Classified Page IS. 


task DobagaanAtcMo* 

Prime. Minister Etienne Tshisekedi, center, being seized by the police as he led a march of thousands 
Wednesday in Kinshasa after martial law had been declared. He was returned unharmed to his residence. 

Fed Deals With (Romantic) Bonds 

A Senior Official’s Relationship With Banker Raises Touchy Issues 


By Peter Tmell 

New York Thna Service 

- NEW YORK — What happens when 
a top Federal Reserve Board official 
who helps set the nation’s interest rates 
becomes romantically involved with a 
leading investment banker? 

Par Gerald Conigao — a partner at 
Goltoah,&tc!«&&.^vhoisafomier 
president of the Federal Reserve Bank 
of New Yack— -aad Cathy Minehan — 
the current president of the Federal Re- 
serve Bank of Boston — that question 
has taken oo new urgency since another 
fanner official of the U.S. central bank 
raised questions about the propriety of 
thefr relationship. 


Mr. Corrigan said in an interview that 
he and Ms. Minehan were aware of tbe 
potential pitfalls and had gone to ex- 
traordinary lengths to avoid them. 

Starting in the fall of 1995, Mr. Cor- 
rigan said, he and Ms. Minehan worked 
out arrangements designed to ensure that 
their relati onshi p did not present either 
of them with a conflict of interest. 

The- romantic- relationship -between 
Mr. Corrigan and Ms. Minehan began a 
little less than two years ago, Mr. Cor- 
rigan said in the interview Tuesday. 
Although the relationship has not been a 
secret one. John LaWare, a former Fed 

S ivemor. was quoted in The Boston 
lobe this week as questioning whether 
it was in the best interest of the Federal 


Buoyant Dollar Defies G-7 Strategists 


By Pawl Bins tern • 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Two months 
after the world’s major economic 
powers suggested they wanted to brake 
the dollar’s ascent on foreign-exchange 
markets, tbe dollar has gamed further 
ground against both the yen and the 
Deutsche mark. - 

The movement is causing analysts to 
question whether the authorities have 
die will — or tbe power — to prevent a 
further surge in the U.S.. currency, 
which would hurt the competitiveness 
of U.S. manufacturers. 

On Wednesday, the dollar touched a 
55 -month high of 126.970 yen before 
retreating slightly- At - 4 PJVL in New 
York, it was at 126.805 yen, up from 
126.335 yen Tuesday. Tbe dollar also 
rose to 1.7255 Deutsche marks, its 


highest level in just over Three years 
against the German currency, from 
1.7155 DM on Tuesday. 

The dollar’s rally shattered the pre- 
vious high for the year of 124.70 yen. 
reached just before tbe meeting of tbe 
Group of Seven finance ministers in 
Berlin oo Feb. 8, where participants 
signaled that tire dollar’s rise over the 
past two yeans had gone far enough. 

The dollar’s renewed strength is 
evoking some unease among econo- 
mists about whether tbe authorities can 


J The Dollar | 

York Wednesday C 4 PM. 

prmtMCton 

dm 

1.7255 

1.7155 

Pound 

1.82 

1.026 ■ 

Van 

726.005 

128.335 

FF 

5.8045 

5.7625 

Ip* 

The Dow 





prevtMgdoM 

-45.32 

6563JJ4 

6609.18 

S&P 500 1 


keep it under control. 
A strong dollar be 


A strong dollar benefits consumers 
and helps hold inflation down by lower- 
ing the cost of imported goods, and it 
reduces the cost of overseas travel for 
Americans. But it hurts U-S. exporters 
and some manufacturers by making 
their products more expensive — and 
less competitive — overseas. 


change Wednesday • 4 P.M. previous dose 

^5 700.57 706.07 

Another concern raised by tbe dol- 
lar’s rise is the prospect of a flare-up in 
trade tensions between Japan and the 
United States. 

See DOLLAR, Page 12 


Rights Curbs Seen 
For HongKong 

Future Chief Seeks Restrictions 
On Protest and Political Groups 


Reserve. Contacted by telephone Tues- 
day, Mr. LaWare, who retired from the 
Fed in May 1995. said of the couple, “I 
have the highest regard for their in- 
tegrity, but the very fact of their re- 
lationship runs the risk of creating im- 
pressions that there may be conflicts of 
interest.” 

Mr. Corrigan, 55, joined Goldman 
Sachs in January 1994. six months after 
resigning from the New York Fed, 
whose president holds a permanent vot- 
ing seat on the Fed’s policy-making 
Open Market Committee. 

The Open Market Committee consists 
of the seven Washington-based Fed gov- 

See ROMANCE, Page 6 


By Keith B. Richburg 

Waihuigton Post Service 

HONG KONG — Warning that un- 
named foreign forces might destabilize 
Hong Kong and threaten China's na- 
tional security after July 1. the terri- 
tory’s future government unveiled spe- 
cific proposals Wednesday to restrict 
public rallies and protests and to ban 
political groups with overseas links. 

Michael Suen, the top policy aide to 
the chief executive-in-waiting, Tung 
Chee-hwa. said the current, more tol- 
erant rules needed to be changed be- 
cause of a February edict by the National 
People’s Congress in Beijing. “It's not 
for me to defend the decisions” of the 
People’s Congress, he said. 

The revisions were necessary, Mr. 
Suen said, because “we must also strike 

Asians alarmed by China’s 
opposition to U.S. forces. Page 4. 

a balance between civil liberties and 
social stability.” 

The most notable change would be 
the potion of “national security” as a 
justification for banning groups and for 
prohibiting protest rallies. Critics have 
objected that the “national security” 
concept is not specifically defined and 
might be used to restrict groups that 
disagree with mainland policies. 

The public will be given until the end 
of tile month to comment on the pro- 
posed changes. Tbe legislation then 
goes to the shadow legislature that was 
picked by Beijing. The new rules are to 
take effect after midnight June 30, when 


Mr. Suen and other officials of the 
incoming government tried Wednesday 
to paint the changes as modest, saying 
they still preserved Hong Kong's basic 
rights and freedoms. 

“I think it strikes the right balance,” 
said C. Y. Leung, a property surveyor 
and member of Mr. Tung’s executive 
council, which endorsed the package of 
changes. “It’s quite liberal.” 

But others vehemently disagreed- The 
British governor. Chris Patten, said the 
proposals “turn the clock back on the 
freedoms which Hong Kong enjoys.” 
Top legislators from Hong Kong's 
biggest party, the Democrats, met with 
Mr. Tung early Wednesday and also 
assailed the proposed changes. 

The legislation could curtail the activ- 
ities of such groups as the Democratic 
Party, which raises money abroad, and 
the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of 
Patriotic Democratic Movements in 
China, which Beijing has labeled as 
subversive for its support of Tiananmen 
Square democracy advocates. 

One change would require any group 
of 30 or more peoples wanting to stage a 
protest to apply seven days in advance 
aiKl obtain permission — ora “notice of 
no objection” — from tbe police. Under 
current law. groups need only notify the 
police of protest plans. 

Another change would require 
groups wishing to operate here to re- 
gister with the government The au- 
thorities could refuse registration to any 
group “in the interests of national se- 
curity or public safely, public order, the 
protections of public health or morals, 
or tiie protection of the rights and 
freedoms of others.” 

Tbe government after July 1 would 


also have the power to restrict any group 
that “solicits or accept funds from over- 
seas.” Political organizations would be 
prohibited from having ties with foreign 
groups that control or influence the load 
organization’s decision-making. 

The fund-raising provision would di- 
rectly affect the Democratic Party, 
whose leaders just returned from a trip 
to the United States and Canada that 
raised more than 2 million Hong Kong 
dollars ($260,000). 

In the draft legislation. Mr. Tung’s 
office has included organizations based 

See HONG KONG, Page 4 


Prodi Wins 
On Albania, 
But Coalition 
Shows Cracks 


C.vtqaUd hy Ovr Sk& Frm [><sp*din 

ROME — Prime Minister Romano 
Prodi won a crucial vote in Parliament on 
Wednesday to send an Italian-led se- 
curity force to Albania but az the cost of a 
damaging rift with his hard-left allies that 
almost brought down the government. 

The Chamber of Deputies approved 
the force by a vote of 503 to 85, with 
seven abstentions. 

President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 
swiftly told Mr. Prodi to put his gov- 
ernment to a confidence vote in Par- 
liament. A statement issued by Mr. 
Scalfaro after a one-hour meeting with 
Mr. Prodi said the president had asked 
the prime minister to “promote the in- 
dispensable political clarification” 
through a statement to Parliament. 

Mr. Prodi was forced to turn to the 
center-right opposition to support tbe 
force. His allies of the Refounded Com- 
munist Party, whose votes he needs fora 
governing majority, refused to back it, 
saying anti-Italian feeling would jeop- 
ardize Italian troops. 

The split on Albania has highlighted 
the vulnerability of Mr. Prodi 's coali- 
tion to tiie Communist vote on a difficult 
domestic agenda, including a drive to 
refomi the welfare stale to prepare Italy 
for Europe’s planned single currency. 

Coalition parties now want a thor- 
ough review of the alliance to assess 
whether tiie hard left can be brought into 
line on key economic policies. 

“Wbai we have to do now is seek a 
confidence vote on the government’s 
program." said Foreign Minister Lam- 
berto Dini, leader of the centrist Italian 
Renewal party. “The vote must be on 
precise issues and not general mat- 
ters.” 

Mr. Prodi had to pay a price for the 
opposition backing, announcing he 
would place his government’s future in 
Mr. Scalfaro 's hands. It was a tadt 
admission that his government had no 
majority and could have led to his resig- 
nation. 

Mr. Prodi staved off an immediate 
See ITALY, Page 6 


Evidence of a New Intifada 9 

As the Peace Process Falters, Public Opinion Hardens 




By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — With stones and 
rubber bullets flying and new wounded 
falling at the funeral of the rec^tdeao, 
growing evidence suggested Wednes- 
day that a violent uprising has resumed, 
alongside the deadlocked Israeli- 
Palestinian peace talks. . . 

> A hardening of public ophuononbom 

sides, as political contacts nearcofla^ 
and daily confrontations close thetr tuna 
week, marks what increasing 1 :/ ,ooks 
like a aimin g point in the three -year 
experiment in negotiated peace. 

; Reneviingoldgrievancesandmtts^ 

self-images of victimhood. decisive 
blocs oflsraelis and Palestinians in 


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opinion surveys have tamed against 
their attempt at coexistence or con- 
cluded that it has no prospect of suc- 
cess. 

Id an effort to halt the slide toward 
more violence, the Clinton administra- 
tion has brokered secret contacts be- 
tween Israeli and Palestinian security 
establishments. 

In Tel Aviv on Saturday night, the 
U.S. Embassy’s CIA station chief 
brought Aon Ayalon, bead of Israel’s 
Shin Bet internal security agency, to 
what was described as a tense meeting 
with three of his Palestinian counter- 

See ISRAEL, Page 6 



Wmdy Sve Lannrf Apace frarxc-Pra* 

Israeli soldiers and Palestinian protesters exchanging rubber bullets 
and rocks as violence continued in the streets of Hebron on Wednesday. 


Fiat’s ‘Tough Guy’ Chairman 
Is Found Guilty of Corruption 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

The chairman of Fiat, Italy’s biggest 
corporation, was convicted Wednesday 
of falsifying the company’s accounts, of 
committing tax fraud and of illicit fi- 
nancing of political parties. 

Cesare Romiti, 73, who look over as 
the chief of Fiat a year ago from Giovanni 
Agnelli, was sentenced by a Turin court 
to an 18-month suspended prison term. 
Mr. Romiti was also barred, by court 
order, from holding corporate office. 

The conviction of Mr. Romiti. whose 
nickname in Italian business is II Duro , 


Investors Shy From Ukraine, Citing Rampant Graft 


vsm 



By Raymond Bonner 

flcvYorkTlma Service , ■ . 

KIEV — Despite hundreds of millions of dollars of 
American aid, Ukraine is stumbling badly in its tran- 
sition to a free-mazkec economy, and dmlomats and 
foreign executives blame rampant official corruption, 
which they say is remarkable even by the standards of 
the region. . ; 

In recent weeks, several major companies have 
abandoned Ukraine after government actions that dip- 
lomats and businessmen say favored companies in 
which Ukrainian officials hold personal stakes. 

The situation has become so serious that some 


American officials say tiie $250 million in annual U.S. 
aid to the country should be cut off, or made con- 
ditional on showing definite progress on curbing cor- 
ruption. . 

‘‘It’s all rooted in one thing — total, unequivocal 
corruption,” David Swecre, an American business- 
mao, said of the obstacles facing foreign companies 
trying to operate here. , 

Mr. Sweere said the government's confiscation last 
autumn of all grain produced in the country cost him 
$5 million, because farmers who owed him grain were 
forced to turn over their harvest to Ukrainian au- 
thorities instead. 

Mr. Sweere. who has been trying to break the 


threats. 

In a confidential cable provided to The New York 
Times, the U.S. Embassy termed one case involving 
the abnipt termination of a broadcast license held by an 
American company “a study of corruption." 

ft was, the embassy added, “illustrative of the 
serious difficulties" facing American businesses try- 
ing to operate in Ukraine, including such giants as 
Cargill, Monsanto, and Coca-Cola. 

“Serious difficulties.” American officials and 


See UKRAINE, Page 6 


or “The Tough Guy. “brought to an end 
one of the highest profile cases since the 
start of Italy’s anti-corruption drive in 
1992. It is also tbe most prominent 
conviction of a public figure since the 
sentencing of former Prime Minister 
Bettino Craxi, who fled to exile in 
Tunisia. 

Also convicted with Mr. Romiti was 
Francesco Paolo Mattioli, 57, Fiat’s 
chief financial officer, who received a 
16-month suspended jail sentence. 

Prosecutors in Turin argued success- 
fully that Mr. Romiti and Mr. Mattioli 
had approved a series of slush funds to 
provide for Fiat's illegal financing of 
political parties and had then falsified 
accounts to hide the payments. 

While Mr. Romiti has denied all 
wrongdoing and is expected- to appeal 
the conviction, he did tell magistrates in 
1993 that some companies within die 
Fiat group might have paid bribes to 
obtain some contracts. Then, under 
questioning in 1995, Mr. Romiti dis- 
closed to the Turin prosecutors that 
there had been some “unjustified ex- 
penses." He refused to describe these 
payments, telling investigators that “if 1 
revealed them, that could jeopardize the 
life of this company.” 

The court order barring both men 
from continuing in their jobs at Rat 
created a potentially enormous dilemma 
for the Agnelli family, which remains 

See FIAT, Page 6 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Urvfiilfilled Promise / 


by Ambitious Father 


Golf ing Prodigy Driven to Despair 


By Lany Dorman 

New York Times Service 


W EST PALM 

BEACH. Florida — 
This is the year for 
prodigies in sports. 
Martina Hingis, 16, is the youngest 
No. 1 player in tennis ever. Tara 
Lipinski, 14, is the youngest world 
champion figure skater in history. 

Tiger Woods, 21, will try this 
weekend to become the youngest 
player to win the Masters. And a 
14-year-old girl named Natalie 
Gulbis qualified for a tournament 
at Lincoln, California, last week, 
becoming the second-youngest 
golfer to play in a Ladies Pro- 
fessional Golf Association event. 

But not all young geniuses see 
dreams come to fruition. There is 
a flip side, a shadowy world of 
unfulfilled promise, of physical 
and emotional abuse by an am- 
bitious parent, of mental insti- 
tutions and nights spent shivering 
in fear under piers. One can find 
this side on the end of a dusty, 
fenced-in driving range next to a 
little golf course on the west end 
of this South Florida city. 

This is where Beverly Klass. 
40, now toils, giving lessons at a 
public course called Turtle Bay. 
She is patiently explaining the 
necessity for a weight shift to her 
noon appointment, Dorothy 
Isaacs, a recently widowed golf 
nut with a slight case of the re r 
verse pivots. 

This would look Like any scene 
on any driving range anywhere in 
America but for a singular per- 
sonal history. 

Almost 3 1 years ago, when she 
was 9. Beverly Klass was playing 
on the LPGA Tour. She was a 4- 
foot-9-inch fourth grader from 
Encino, California, who could 
drive the ball 223 yards (200 me- 
ters) and who, in her pro debut in 
the 1965 Dallas Civitan Open 
won by Mickey Wright, shot a 
couple of 88s. 

“You know.” she said. look- 
ing down the range at the wind- 
whipped flags, “that was a good 
time, a happy time. I was doing 
something I loved doing.” 

There are pictures from that 
era. black-and-white snapshots of 
a smiling little girl in saddle shoes 
and a floppy hat, swinging a cut- 
down, 25-inch club with a move 
through the hitting area that is 
_ textbook- She is standing next to 
“ Jack Nicklaus in another picture. 
These are the images the world 




Cuj l RettMKta/llK Hew York Tima 


Beverly Klass, 40, earns her living giving golf lessons on a public course, but when 


Jg^g . 

she was 9 she made her debut as a professional, and could drive the ball 223 yards. 



Defy Martial Law 

Lubumbashi Falls to Rebels 


By Howard W. French 

New York Tima Service 
KINSHASA, Zaire — The 


General Likulia is reputodf 
to be a hard-line officer and ' 
Mobutu loyalist. 

The fall of Lubumbashi 


violent showdown in Zaire followed 24 hours of stiff 
entered the streets of the cap- sistance fcfy Man^Mobu-; 

. — - . « ■ *i TVnnrlaiHi'il (Itiur/T 


ital Wednesday as troops loy- 
al to President Mobutu Sese 


tu’s Presidential Guard. 

Speaking in the central d&P 


Seko attacked supporters of mood mining capital of* 
the new im * minis ter who Mbuji-Mayi on Tuesday, Mr, 


has bluntly challenged the 
president’s faltering role. 

The intensifying chaos in 
Kinshasa came as the rebel 
Allianc e of Democratic 


gahita vowed to take the cap-" 

ital shortly. 

An aide to Marshal Mobu-.. 
tu that many within Mar- 

shal Mobutu’s ruling rarely. 


Forces for the Liberation of were planning to leave tl% 
the CY»ug n control of country immin ently. i* 

the southern copper- and co- “Today we were chasing 
bait-mining capital. Lubum- ordinary people through H»r 
hftchi streets like it was nothing, -E 


inOIl l >n 


With tens of thousands of said a military officer close WT. 
supporters of Prime Minister the president. “Tomorrow, 

1 - M Vakila'c rrum tKu 


had of Beverly Klass then. The 
happy prodigy. She giggled and 
smiled her way through an ap- 
pearance with Johnny Carson on 
“The Tonight Show,” just a few 
weeks after she won the National 
Pee Wee tournament by 65 
strokes. She wowed them on 
“The Mike Douglas Show” be- 
fore anyone knew who Tiger 
Woods was. 

She could play, make no mis- 
take. Paul Runyan, a legendary 
teacher, saw her at age 5 and 
called her swing the best he had 
ever seen for a child that young. 
Her fiiture, if properly handled, 
seemed limitless. 

All this early success prompted 
her father. Jack Klass, a building 
contractor and sometime Holly- 
wood talent scout, to dream of 
fame for his daughter. When the 
organizers of the National Pee 
Wee event noted that her' 65- 
stroke victory was so disheart- 
ening to her fellow competitors 
that it might be a good idea to 
keep her away the following year. 
Jack Klass made a decision: His 
daughter would turn pro and play 
on the LPGA Tour. 

To this day. Ms. Klass defends 
the decision, saying she believes 
that “if I'd been allowed to stay 


out there and compete for a couple 
of years. I would have been beat- 
ing three-fourths of the field.” 
But the LPGA had other ideas, 
and rewrote its eligibility rules, 
effectively ending the experiment 
after four tournaments during 
which Ms. Klass made one cut 
and earned one check for $31. 

Her father was furious. He sued 
the LPGA. A settlement was 
reached, and Beverly, who even- 
tually regained her amateur 
status, won 25 amateur events 
around the Los Angeles area. 

i 

I T WAS then that the beatings 
began. She started to become 
interested in things other 
than golf, and her father 
would not tolerate her skipping 
practice. 

“He would beat me if I didn't 
practice,” she said “He'd use a 
belt on my back. Sometimes I 
would bleed The belt didn’t hap- 
pen a whole lot, but there was a lot 
of yelling and screaming.” 

Mr. Klass, who died in 1981, 
terrorized everyone in the family, 
Ms. Klass said including her 
mother and two sisters. But Ms. 
Klass bore the brunt of his Out- 
bursts. Her father would abide 
nothing short of perfection. Of- 


ten, when she wasn't playing well 
in a tournament, he would scream 
at her from die gallery. 

The less she wanted to play, the 
worse the abuse got When she 
was 13, Ms. Klass said' “I went 
out and took karate because I was 
trying to protect myself from him. 
The whole family lived in fear. 
The whole family either got re- 
warded for my good golf or pun- 
ished for my bad golf.” 

She added: “He would yell, 
scream, yell at my mom, hit my 
mom, hit me, drag my sisters 
across the floor by their hair, stuff 
like than I had to do 
something.” 

She did the only thing a 13- 
year-old kid could do. She ran 
away. In a two-year span, Ms. 
Klass estimates she was either 
kicked out or ran away from home 
between 200 and 300 times. Once 
she lived under a pier in Santa 
Monica and worked in a hot dog 
store. The cycle was always the 
same: If she played and practiced, 
the abuse stopped. 

In one particularly bizarre in- 
cident, when Ms. Klass was 15, 
her father checked her out of a 
mental hospital in Camarillo — 
where she had been sent under a 
court order after refusing to go 


Tt.J'h'.&rfcTbBoi 

home — and flew her to Japan for 
an exhibition against the Japanese 
star Phaico Higuchi. She remem- 
bers playing quite well, losing the 
exhibition on the last hole but 
winning a driving contest with a 
260-yard drive. 

By the time she qualified for the 
LPGA Tour in 1976, Ms. Klass 
had been through mare than most 
players experience in a lifetime. 
Her game, though, was not ready 
for the tour. She showed flash es of 
brilliance, but was inconsistent. 

Ms. Klass never made it big on 
tour. In 12 full seasons, her best 
finishes were ties for second in 
the 1984 West Virginia Classic 
and San Jose Classic. In 1988, she 
quit Now Ms. Klass sometimes 
mesons of a comeback. 

But she has her life 
straightened out. She has her 
teaching job, with a number of 
enthusiastic students who will- 
ingly pay $30 for a half hour, $50 
for an hoar. 

But mainly she has foand some 
peace. “I forgave my dad. It took 
a long time. I’ve had to have 
counseling, but I did. I came to 
realize that it was all he knew. He 
grew up in an orphanage and, in a 
lot of ways, he just didn't know 
any better.” 


Etienne Tshisekedi conver- 
ging on central Kinshasa in 
requisitioned minivans and 
by foot. Marshal Mobutu fol- 
lowed up on the state of emer- 
gency he had decreed late 
Wednesday by naming a gen- 
eral to head a new military 
government 

Defying Marshal Mobu- 
tu’s state of emergency, Mr. 
Tshisekedi, a longtime oppo- 
nent of the president, was 
briefly arrested as he led a 
march on the prime minis ter’s 
offices here to carry out his 
vow to begin governing 
Zaire, one week after being 
named to the post 

Sporadic gunfire rang out 
throughout the city Wednes- 
day morning, and Mr. 
Tshisekedi and his supporters 
were repeatedly showered 
with tear gas barrages along 
the route from the prime min- 


wfaen ft is Kabila’s men, the. 
games will be over, and II 
don't want to be here.” 


Hundreds :-i* 
Massacred, 

UN Is Told 


By Paul Lewis 

New York Times Service 

UNITED NATIONS, New. 1 
York — A UN investigate^ 
has told the organization^ 
Human Rights Commission^ 
in Geneva that the rebels hr 
Zaire have rounded up antA 
killed hundreds of Hutir 


ister’s residence in the Limete refugees and local civilians 
suburb to the seat of govern- since beginning their insur-' 


meat in downtown Kinshasa, gency last year. 

Arriving near the prime In a 16-page preliminary 
ministe r’s office, where hun- repent, Roberto Game tan, the ' 
dreds of soldiers led by the commission's special invest; 
president’s son, Kongolo ti gator for human rights in 
Mobutu, choked the sheets Zaire, listed sites of 40 mass 1 
awaiting him, Mr. Tshise- graves of refugees and dvil-^ 
kedi, looking grim and de- «ms who he raid apparently 
temrined, climbed out of his had been killed by rebels fed; 
car. by Laurent Kabila in northern 

Within moments, however, and southern Kivu Province. ; 
mayhem broke out amid a He called for the creation; 
heavy tear gas barrage as ar- of a special UN commission 
mated personnel carriers to investigate the killings and 
plowed through the scattering to bring those responsible hr 
crowd. Mr. TshisekedL 64. ‘ justice. He said suefr a con£ 


crowd. Mr. TshisekedL 64. ‘ justice. He said si 
who briefly stumbled, was lif- mission - should 


include 1 


TRAVEL UPDATE Defying UN, Iraq Flies Pilgrims to Jidda 


ted into a white van by sql- forensic and ballistics experts 
diers who then sped off With and the means to exhume the 
him. It was not clear if there mass graves he said he found 


were any casualties. 


Mb'. Tshisekedi, who was last month. 


daring a brief visit to Zaire 


sanctions imposed in 1990. 

Saudi security forces in 
ducks and cars surrounded 
the Ilyushin airliner shortly 
after it landed at King Ab- 


Strikes Hit French Air Traffic 

PARIS (Reuters) — Strikes disrupted French air traffic on ways jetliner carrying 1 04 pfl.- 
Wednesday and unions threatened more widespread action to grims flew to Saudi Arabia on 
challenge the government's drive to push through labor mar- Wednesday in defiance of UN 
ket reforms and cut state spending. sanctions imposed in 1990. 

Cockpit crews from British Airways’ French units Air Saudi security forces in 
Liberte and TAT began a 48-hour strike over pay and con- ducks and cars surrounded 
ditions that unions say will be affected by a merger of the the Ilyushin airliner shortly 
two. after it landed at King Ab- 

TAT. a domestic airline, said it would guarantee a third of dulaziz International Airport 
its 90 scheduled flights while Air Liberte, which flies around in this Red Sea port city, an 
the world, would maintain two-thirds of its 35 daily flights. __ 

Changi Lands Best Airport Honor 

GENEVA (Reuters) — Singapore’s Changi and Britain’s / M'V / 

Manchester have been voted the world’s top two airports by vJC* a I HI'I vj t, 
long-haul airline passengers, the International Air Transport 

Association said Wednesday. f Y*/) f t*/V 

Changi *s new terminal ousted Manchester, undergoing JJt/ J l/I U JL# Iwj 
major reconstruction, from the top spot it held last year in a «/ 

poll based on the views of 55,000 people and covering 54 The Associated Press 

airports, IATA said. BERLIN — German offi- 

Dozens ^sbort-stoffwl restourante in Cyprus's Ayia 
Napa and Protaras holiday resorts will shut down from citizens to delay travel to Iran 
Monday onwards to protest a government ten onissuing work - m advance of Thursday's ver- 
permiu to foreigners, owners said Wednesday. They say they diet in a trial that examined 
ne^ foreigners because as they can t find enough local whethcr Iranian leadere >are 
staff - ( Reuters) ^ ^ 

Taxicab riders in Washington may have to pay increased de ^^ curi ty sources, 
fares under regulatory changes approved by Mayor Marion speaking on condition of an- 
Barry. But drivers area t happy about the changes because said the likelihood 

thgr would have to undergo new training and get nd of old „ f Ww by Islamic radicals 

(AJP) HpnpnrlpH rm whprtiw rh#» 


airport worker said. 


of Kuwait. The airliner was 


The Saudi interior minis- parked cm an isolated spot of blood 


ter. Prince Nayef ibn Ab- the tarmac, far from the 
dulaziz, said that the flight rial terminal designs 
had entered Saudi airspace pilgrimage flights, the 
without clearance. worker said. He sp< 

It was the first international condition his name 
flight sent by the Iraqi leader, used. 

Saddam Hussein, smee the Prince Nayef said at 
UN Security Council banned conference that the In 
flights in and out of the coun- sengers — 40 women 
try after Iraq’s 1990 invasion men, all over the age c 


the tarmac, tar from the spe- 
cial terminal designated for 
pilgrimage flights, the airport 
weaker said. He sprite on 
condition his name not be 
used. 

Prince Nayef said at a news 


not detained, was driven back In his r 

to his residence by Marshal acknowfe 
to safeguard travelers — and Mobutu’s sou, who is an army tioo aboe 
blood from the animals was captain. At his home In Li- “frequent 
smeared on the fuselage of the mete, the opposition leader even coni 
plane. immediately met with aides, said that 


me. immediately met with aides. 

Footage of the ceremony who vowed to step up their 
is broadcast repeatedly on struggle to force Marshal 
ite-run Baghdad television. Mobutu from office. 


men, all over the age of 50 — sanctions resolutions * ‘that le- 


was broadcast repeatedly on struggle to force Marshal 

state-run Baghdad television. Mobutu from office. 

A Foreign Ministry state- If they were angered by 
ment carried by the official Mr. Tshisekedi ’s arrest, his 
Iraqi press agency, IN A, said supporters were not intimid- 
tfaere was nothing in the UN sued by the soldiers and re- 


back In his report, Mr. Garretotr 
rshal acknowledged that informs- ' 
army tioo about the killings wa£ ; -- 
i La- “frequently inadequate and “t 1 '- 
ader even contradictory,” but he 1 > 
ides, said that “as anile, the arts.. ^ 
their denounced actually 
rshal cuned.” He added that atrocf : 
ities are continuing in'Zairef ' 1 

i by "with complete impunity.’’ 1 
, his “It is indisputable that tfa& 
mid- Allianc e of Democratic 
i re- Forces for the Liberation •' a 


grouped after each charge at the Congo is far from fid- - 
the crowd by the army. filling its commitments to tcf 


Germany on the Alert 
Before Iran Verdict 


The Associated Press 


BERLIN — German offi- isolate Iran internationally on 
rials have braced for possible those grounds, while Ger- 


j I A I a the Iraqis are among mare 

t ttlB Alert 1 4r ™? on Musi™?, ar- 
riving for the annual baji, or 
t y jr • . pilgrimage, to Islam’s holiest 

|4p7Yf f sites, at Mecca and Medina. 

V O# tvvl/v Diplomats in the kingdom 

say Saudi Arabia, as custodi- 
Washington has sought to an of Islam's two holiest 


assport formalities. performing a religious duty.” 
e Iraqis are among more Iraq's dispatch of the jet- 
1 million Muslims ar- liner mimics action by the 
! for the annual bajj, or Libyan leader, Colonel 


“Mobutu is finished, and if 
he doesn’t want to under- 
stand, we’ll bring Kabila here 


Moammar Gadhafi, who for to explain it to him. 
three years running has sent a Laurent Kabila is 


terrorist attacks and warned 
citizens to delay travel to Iran 
in advance of Thursday’s ver- 
dict in a trial that examined 
whether Iranian leaders -are rights while continuing to do kilometers (9 miles) south of 
behind the killings of dissi- business. Baghdad, 

dents abroad. Although commercial ties At a departure ceremony, 

German security sources, have declined recently, Ger- two sheep were slaughtered on 
speaking on condition of an- many is still Iran's largest the tarmac — an Arab custom 
onymity, said the likelihood Western trading partner, with 
of attacks by Is lami c radicals annual trade exceeding 2.8 
depended on whether the billion Deutsche marks ($1.7 
court accepts the prosecu- billion), according to the Ger- 
tion’s contention: that Iran’s man-Iranian Chamber of 
powerful spiritual leader. Commerce in Hamburg. Europe 

Ayatollah Sayed Aii Khame- Shahin Gobadi, a spokes- 

nei, and President Hashemi man for the National Council » cm ar w 

Rafsanjani ordered the of Resistance of Iran, winch is Mwin issb 'tms 1 w*s m *r 


Washington has sought to an of Islam's two holiest UN sanctions for Libya’s re- much of the countryside in 

isolate Iran internationally on shrines, cannot be seen as fusal to surrender two sus- recent months and on Wed- 

those grounds, while Ger- denying any Muslim with a pects in the 1988 bomb attack nesday captured the country’s 

many has pursued what it valid hajj visa the right to on a Pan Am jet over Lock- second-largest city, Lubum- 


years running has sent a Laurent Kabila is the lead- of atrocities committed*’ 
mger jet from Libya to er of Zaire’s highly success- the rebel group, which 
i Arabia in defiance of fill rebellion, which has swept bitually separates men ft 
■auctions for Libya’s re- much of the countryside in women and children, 
to surrender two sus- recent months and on Wed- He also wrote that “all 


sped human rights,” he said 
of the group led by Mr. Kahn' 
ila. ' '* 

In another report, issued at 
the end of last year, Mr. Gar-; 
reton wrote of “many rcpprife 
of atrocities committed^’ by 
the rebel group, which h& 
bitually separates men frqrg 


C’ 1 "' 


calls a policy of “critical dia- 
logue’ f with Tehran, raising 


perform the pfl 
The Iraqi jei 


took off 


issues of terrorism and human from the Rashid air base, 15 


erbie, Scotland. 

A Libyan plane carrying 


second-largest city, Lubum- 
bashi. 

Marshal Mobutu's an- 


kilometers (9 miles) south of 
Baghdad. 

At a departure ceremony, 
two sheep were slaughtered on 


The European Union launched an initiative Wednesday tion * s contention: that Iran’s 
aimed at more than halving the total of 45,000 deaths and 16 ^^ful spiritual leader! 
mrUion mjunes caused every year by road accidents in EU Saved Aii Khame- 

counroes. Unless radical steps were taken, one EU citizen m J- ^ Hashemi 

80 will die in their car, Ned kinnock, European Transport Ra^ani ordered the 

Commissioner, said. (AFP} iwim nf m T™. 


ashid air base, 15 pilgrims landed in Jidda on pointment of General Likulia port, 
(9 miles) south of March 29. The UN Security Bolongo to bead a new mar- visitf 


Council said Friday the flight 
was “totally unacce|)table” 


tial government camp, as the 
rebellion was streaking to inl- 


and a “clear violation 'of the pressive new gains through- 
sanctions. {AP, Reuters) out the countryside. 


prats indicate'’ that the rebel 
forces kill pwple rather than! 
take them prisoner. u 

In preparing the latest ref* 
port, Mr. Ganeton said be[ 
visited three mass graves 
himself and based his ev-i 
idence of others on inter-; 
views with refugees and lo- 
cal people. ! 



of attacks by Islamic radicals 
depended on whether the 
court accepts the prosecu- 
tion’s contention: that Iran's 


WEATHER 


Europe 


Forecast tor Friday through Sunday, as provided by AccuWealtier. 


murder in Berlin of an Ira- based in Paris, said the trial 
nian-Kurdish opposition fig- should “put this whole issue 


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To Our Readers 

Because of a national strike by printers and newspaper 
distribution workers, the International Herald Tribune, among 
other publications, is not available Thursday in France. 


German Passport Holders 
heading for Singapore in 
Aprii. 50% off at the 
stylish boutique hotel in 
Orchard Road, Singapore. 


d For Reservations i3r 

Fax :(«S) *732 3864 
laurel : bup Jwww. Carr# n rom. i%flwlrb 
E-nail : eludiprUpacilicJKLjg 


ure in 1992. 

The accusations, made in 


to rest. 

If the judges implicate the 


court late last year, prompted Iranian regime in the killing s, 
angry denials from Tehran as many observers expect, “it 


of anti-German makes it very difficult for 


AMeHbtrsfFarBalOrpat&aim 


street protests in Iran. 

In Berlin, prosecutors have 
been assigned armored cars 
and security has been in- 


Germany to { fefenrl that ’crit- 
ical dialogue' policy any 
more,” Mr. Gobadi said. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 


creased around them. Sharp- man, Martin F.rrtmann, said 
shooters will be posted around the government's reaction 
the court building, where Ir- would depend on how far the 
anian opposition groups plan court goes, 
to demonstrate while me ver- “we are preparing to re- 
did is bemg read. view the enure spectrum of 

The trial of five men. an relations with Iran, If neces- 
T ranian and four Lebanese, sary,” be said in Brain, 
began three and a half years Iran’s foreign minister, Aii 
ago. Akbar Velayati, said Wed- 

Over 246 days of testi- nesday that Iran understood 
mony, it has developed into that the German judiciary was 
what is being called the first independent from the gorvern- 
judicial e xaminati on in the meat although be criticized 


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PAGE 3 




: Injury Throws Clinton Presidency Off Pace 


By Alison Miicihell 

AfewygrfcTOnei Servj'cf 


_ BiD Qinton is, 

above all, a man of motion. He darts across the 
comrny , cramnung event upon event well into the 
night. He consoles those afflicted by disaster 
begufles cunous audiences and draws eneiW 
Bora the throngs who find magic in apreridential 

,> 5?" 10 ™S White House has been a 

of this presidency — and navel was 
expected to loom ever larger in a second term that 
q$s none of feegrand legislative goals that char , 
aeterized Mr. Clinton’s first years is office. - 
.Bm m the weeks since Mr. Clinton tripped late 
atmght on a staircase outside the home of the 


knee, his injury has slowed the perpetual modem 
machine feat is the Clinton presidency. 

And this has posed a predicament, since so 
much of Mr. Clinton’s conception of his job 
consists ofbemgacircwtriderthrougft fee states, 
urging others to take action, such as adopting 
education standards or employing welfare re- 
cipients. 

In this preacher presidency, Mr. Gin too relies 
heavily on his energy, his travels and physically 
imposing presence to lend power to his words and 
make up far his limited ability to sway a Re- 
publican-controlled Congress. ■ 

Mr. Gin ton long ago gave up such sweeping 
legislative plans as overhauling health care. 

Beyond bis search for an agreement on bal- 
ancing die budget, his agenda is more minimalist, 
geared to a time when voters have lost faith in 


government activism. But the knee injury has 
altered the president’s pace — quite literally. 

After a recent outdoor ceremony at die White 
House to promote a chemical weapons treaty. 
Mr. Clinton had to inch slowly on crutches up a 
driveway to the Oval Office past reporters who 
questioned him along his way. 

At one point, he lifted a crutch and pointed 
wistfully toward the White House putting green, 
which he is barred from using. 

A trip to California in late March was 
scrapped. 

A state visit to Mexico has been delayed 
several weeks, into May, and combined with a 
compressed version of what was to have been a 
10-day tour of the Caribbean and Latin Amer- 
ica. 

Although Mr. Clinton is to begin traveling 


again next week in a measured pace that will 
accelerate with several foreign visits in May, 
his aides say that the White House has pretry 
much shelved more presidential stops in state 
capitois this spring to promote education stan- 
dard s. 

White House advisers, accustomed to a de- 
manding leader with little interest in sleep, have 
had to adjust (heir scheduling to accommodate 
the president's somewhat reduced energy level. 
Mr. Clinton now begins his work day one hour 
later, at 10: 15 A.M., after physical therapy, aides 
say. 

Some of Mr. Clinton's aides worry that, with 
months to go before the president is fully mobile, 
the hard times are still ahead. 

This is particularly so because Mr. Clinton 
draws his political energy from crowds, espe- 


cially the enthusiastic throngs that provide a 
respite from the troubles that plague him in 
Washington. 

“He feels trapped here," an adviser said. 
“He’s often asked about the White House gates, 
whether they are to keep people out or keep him 


in. 


“At some point, there’s nothing else like just 
getting out and being with people? * 

For now. White House officials say that Mr. 
Clinton remains in good humor. 

“He has not gained weight, and probably lost 
a little weight," Michael McCurry, the White 
House press secretary, said recently. 

He noted that Mr. Clinton had stayed on a 
low-far diet to counter his inactivity and was 
lifting weights to improve his upper body 
strength. 


U.S. Court Clears 
Ban on Preferences 


“After ail,’’ the ruling 
said, “the goal of the 14th 
Amendment, to which the 
Nation continues to aspire, is 
a political system in which 
race no longer matters.” 

“As a matter of 'conven- 
action, a federal appeals court tional’ equal-protection anal- 
ogs upheld California’s voter- ysis, there is no doubt *fi«t 


'By William Claiborne 

Washington Post Service 

LOS ANGELES — In a 
strongly worded deefaipn that 
..reflected the . 

^charged nature of 


approved ban on preferences 
based on race and sex. 

The three -judge panel of 
the 9th Circuit Court of Ap- 
peals in San Francisco found 
“no doubt" the measure was 
constitutional . 

The judges unanimously 
Ordered the lifting of a lower- 
court injunction blocking, en- 
forcement of Proposition 209. 
The initiative, passed by 
voters in November, made 
California die first state to at- 
tempt to roll back affirmative 
action by barring preferential 
treatment and discrimination 
irC public hiring, contracting 
ana education. 

“A system which permits 
oqe judge to block with the 
smoke of a pen what 4,736,- 
180 state residents voted to 
enact as law tests the integrity 
of our constitutional democ- 
racy," the court declared, re- 
ferring to a Dec. 23 rulmg by 
Judge Thelton Henderson of 
U,S. District Court that the 
initiative was probably mb 
constitutional. 

''.The newest decision is 
Schednled to take effect in 21 
days, but affinhative-actfaa 
advocates said they would 
ask'a larger panel oif the9fe 
circuit to continue the tan on . 
enforcement while the case is 



n*r \ Ha. laird r~ 

An air force A- 10 Thunderbolt, similar to the one that disappeared a week ago. 

A-10 Attack Jet Goes AWOL 

Did It Crash or Did Pilot Steal It? U.S. Investigators Ask 


Proposition 209 is constitu- 
tional,” the court ruled Tues- 
day. -“The ultimate goal of 
the equal-protection clause is 
to do away with all govern- 
mentally imposed discrimi- 
nation based on race and 
gender. " When the govern- 
ment prefers individuals on 
account of their race or 
it disadvantages in- 
iduals who belong to an- 
other race or gender.” 

The three-judge panel is 
particularly conservative 
when compared with the gen- 
erally liberal 9th circuit. Di- 
arm irid O’Scannlian and Ed- 
ward heavy - were both 
appointed by Ronald Reagan; 

Andrew J. Kleinfeld was 
named by George Bush. 

Reaction was swift The 
American Civil Liberties Un- 
ion, which represented 
minority arri women public 
employees, contractors and 
students in c hallengin g Pro- 
position 209, called the de- 
cision a “diatribe against af- 
firmative action.” ■ 

Elizabeth Toledo, Califor- 
nia coordinator of the National 
Organization far Women, said 

the decision was “disappoint- _ ' _ _ 

mg but not surprising.”- Away FrOIH PolltlCS 

But suppor te rs ,of Propos- v - 

itiou 209h^<^the rulingasa • A congressional study using data from the Federal Bureau 


The Associated Press 

PHOENIX, Arizona — Captain Craig Button 
took off in a $9 million air force attack jet last week 
for a practice run. Within minutes die plane and its 
arsenal of four 500-pound bombs were gone. 

All that is known for sure is that die A-10 
Thunderbolt was last spotted on radar over the 
Colorado Rockies — nearly 800 miles (1,300 
kilometers) off course. Did it crash? Was it 
sabotaged? Or did the pilot steal it? 

“Anything you can think of has probably been 
looked ax," said Staff Sergeant Rian Clawson at 
Davis-Montban Air Force Base in Tucson. ‘ ‘But 
the evidence or far doesn’t indicate any of these 
wild hypotheses, like be was trying to steal it, or 
he went off to TeUuride to go skiing." 

The air force rebuffs the idea that Captain 
Button, 32. an avid skier.piirposely veered the 
Diane off course. But officials acknowledged 
Tuesday that investigators are looking into Cap- 
tain Button's background. 

Officials had theorized that the pilot could 
have become incapacitated and may have put the 
single-seat plane on autopilot. But radar and 


witness accounts suggest the plane was being 
maneuvered and wasn't simply gliding. 

Tbe mystery began the morning of April 2 
about 90 minutes after Captain Button’s plane 
took off in formation with two other A- 1 0s bound 
for the Barry Gold water bombing range. It was 
carrying conventional, not nuclear, weapons. 

One of the jets reported seeing Captain But- 
ton's plane flying in the rear, but a minute later 
the lead pilot radioed Captain Button and got no 
response. When tbe other pilots realized the 
plane was missing, they broke formation and 
began the search. 

Initially, (bey focused on Arizona, but the 
search shifted to Colorado three days later after 
the authorities checked radar records and wit- 
nesses reported seeing a low-flying plane. 

The airforce doubts Captain Button bailed out; 
his ejection seat would have automatically sent 
out aborning beacon. The last radar crack showed 
the jet near the 12,467-foot (3,800-meter) New 
York Mountain near Edwards, Colorado. The 
plane was fully fueled when it took off, but it 
would have been nearly empty by then. 


Nonstop Fun at the IRS: 
Browsing People’s Files 

Habit Persists Despite ‘ Zero Tolerance ’ 


By Stephen Barr 

Washington Post Service 


WASHINGTON — The Internal 
Revenue Service fixed 23 employees, 
disciplined 349 and counseled 472 other 
workers after agency audits found that 
government computers were still being 
used to browse through the tax records 
of friends, relatives and celebrities, an 
IRS document showed. 

The document, covering the 1 994 and 
1995 fiscal years, listed 1,515 cases 
where employees were accused of mis- 
using computers. 

After accounting for the firings, the 
disciplinary action and the counseling, 
33 percent of the cases were closed 
without any action. In tbe remaining 12 
percent, the workers look retirement or 
were cleared. 

The information, made public by 
Senator John Glenn, Democrat of Ohio, 
marked the second time that IRS em- 
ployees had been faulted for peeking at 
tax records. An investigation in 1993 
and 1994 turned up more than 1,300 
employees suspected of using govern- 
ment computers to browse through tax 
files. At die time, the IRS promised 
“zero tolerance" for such snooping. 

’ ‘I don’t know what kind of new math 
they are using, but that doesn’t sound 
like zero tolerance to me," Mr. Glenn 
said as he released excerpts of IRS doc- 
uments and a General Accounting Of- 
fice report. 

Government employees face crim- 
inal penalties for misuse of computer 


data bases, but loopholes have thwarted 
prosecution of some IRS employees 
who snooped in files but did not disclose 
the information to others. Mr. Glenn and 
other lawmakers, including the chair- 
man of the House Ways and Means 
Committee, Bill Archer, Republican of 
Texas, have proposed legislation this 
year to tighten the laws. 

David Mader, the IRS chief for man- 
agement , said “browsing is not wide- 
spread" at tbe 102 , 000 -employee 
agency, but he stressed that employees 
must understand that even one unau- 
thorized peek in tax files undercuts the 
IRS goal of fair and confidential tax 
administration. The IRS supports ef- 
forts to tighten laws, be said. 

“It is challenging to change the be- 
havior of an organization this size,’ ’ Mr. 
Mader said. 

The General Accounting Office, 
Congress's investigative arm, reviewed 
IRS computer security at Mr. Glenn’s 
request. It found that five IRS centers 
could not account for about 6,400 com- 
puter tapes and cartridges that might 
contain taxpayer data. Since the audit, 
5.700 of the tapes and cartridges have 
been found, Mr. Mader said. He said the 
problem involved inventory controls 
and that no tapes had been lost 

At two centers, computer printouts 
containing taxpayer data were left un- 
protected and unattended in open areas, 
the agency said. 

The IRS handles more than 200 mil- 
lion taxpayer returns each year at 10 
primary centers. 


ident Bill Gin Con said 
that if states are precluded 
from taking special measures 
tp help disadvantaged people, 
*T dunk that will be a mis- 
take.” Mr. Clinton, who ar- 
gued against Proposition 209 
and bad toe Justice Depart- 
ment oppose it an appeal, ad- 
ded, “I think we’ll all have to 
regroup arid find new ways to 
achieve the same objective.” 
7 Tbe judges emphasized 
that the equal-protection 
clause of the 14th Amend- 
ment was intended to end 
government disc riminati on 
rased on race. They said it 
would be paradoxical if Cali- 
fornia voters had violated the 
clause by requiring all people 
to be treated equally and bar- 
ring any preference based on 
race or sex. 


vindication of their petition 
and a major aid for similar 
ballot initiatives in other 
states. 

“A number of states we’ve 
talked , with had started to 
slow down their efforts” fol- 
lowing Judge Henderson’s 
decision, said Ward Con- 
neriy, who led.tbe campaign 
for voter approval of Propos- 
ition 209. “They now know 
that they would be on tbe side 
of fee angels if they were to 
move ahead wife their cam- 
paigns. It’s a txetnaodousi en- 
couragement to them.” 

Mr. Carmerly said that 
Washington state and Florida 
are furthest along with pro- 
posed arm-affirmative action 
initiatives and that campaigns 
are also under way in Ari- 
zona, Colorado, Ohio and 
Michigan. 


of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms shows that Florida, Geor- 
gia, South Carolina and Texas, states wife weak gun control 
laws, are responsible for supplying a quarter of all guns used in 
crimes in other states. (NIT) 

• More than 6,000 ITS. pedestrians are lolled by cars and 

tracks every year, one-seventh of all the people who die in 
traffic accidents, bat 99 percent of fee federal transportation 
safety money is spent on improvements for drivers and 
passengers, not people walking, says a study by advocates of 
pedestrians. The risk of a pedestrian’s being killed by a car or 
truck is roughly double the risk of homicide by a stranger with 
a gun, die Surface Transportation Policy Project study 

found. (NYT) 

• The son erupted with a solar flare on Monday and a NASA 

satellite for the first time detected a massive wave of energy 
moving across tbe face of the sun. The flare is “ordinary” and 
probably wall have little effect on Earth, said Art Poland, a 
NASA scientist, with his fingers crossed. (AP) 

• In a self-criticism, the police in Sl Petersburg, 

Florida, have admitted feat they were unprepared for race riots 
that erupted after a white officer fatally shot a black motorist 
six months ago. (AP) 


POLITICAL 


i- 


Senate to Subpoena 
[Tax-Exempt Groups 

■■ WASHINGTON — Senate inves- 
■ Ti gators reached an agreement Wed- 
knesday to issue subpoenas for tax-ex- 
empt groups that Democrats charge 
have illegally helped Republicans. 

Democratic members of fee com- 
mittee investigating campaign finance 
abases have been asking to subpoena 
-the records of such groups as fee Chns- 
tian Coalition and fee National Abor- 
tion Rights Committee 

But Republican members of fee Sen- 

> ate Governmental Affairs Committee, 
which is conducting fee investigation, 
-have balked at demanding records for 

♦'’all 11 groups. . . _ 

In an agreement worked out m two 

days of negotiations. 
issue subpoenas for six of 
ganizations. bat not the Christian Co- 
! atiiion and the anti-abortion group. 
Democratic aides said. But all 11 



Ifidod AsmdaUd Press 

THE WINNER —Mayor Richard Rjordan of Los Angeles celebrating 
his re-election victory this week over State Senator Tom Hayden. 


investigation into suspected Chinese 
inffuence-buymg. 

A highly unusual public spat broke 


t RepiSSnNa- out last month between fee White 

<rwnL^tTto obtain information on protested. that the bureau improperly 
coordination between the mstrocted two National Security 
-possiDie^wu^ 3 ^ tax-exempt Council staff members not to share 


ence-buying to top NSC policymakers, 
ensuring that it would reach Mr. Clin- 
ton, fee sources said. Tbe NSC aide 
made s imilar statements to Senate in- 
vestigators. 

Mr. Beers, according to the sources, 
has concluded that he erred by not 
immediately challenging tbe FBI 


r p^ cornirn .. wy fefr rai cam- with their superiors mfonnatiem that briefers’ request and insisting on his 
groups, wtuCT K j zap; bureau officials gave them about fee right to share the information with his 
paign finance taw. probe. Tbe FBI shot back feat it had White House bosses. (WP) 

White House Shares 

bribing f» fee NS(L • 

Blame in FBI Spat Rand Beers, a^RIan; ^ 


Quote/Unquote 

Michael McCurry, fee White House 

urxM~mN — Despite Pres- to fee White House andone of two NSC press secretary, on Newt Gingrich's 

WASHRwiww _ tjjp jjJbujre °f staff members who was briefed by the effort to re-establish his leadership 

ident Bill officials FBI, apologized to a national security role, especially within the Republican 

fee FBI, senior adviser, Samuel Berger, and offered to Party: “The speaker, as you are all well 

L say they have concniueu proce- resign, sources said Tuesday. aware, is on a charm offensive for the 

1. House’s own Mr. Beers acknowledged to Mr. Bei- Swrightand the White Househopes he 

duxes bear that he should have passed along soon returns to fee center of the polit- 

for a breakdown m conm ^ information about the possible influ- ical spectrum.” fAPJ 

feat left Mr. Chnton unawai - : 





200 reasons to buy a Rolex. 


the 


There are well over two hundred individual parts in 
movement of a Rolex chronometer. Every single one of 
them will have been tested, inspected, and cleaned until 


they sparkle like jewellery. Which is why we made 
such a safe place to keep them in: the Oyster case. 




ROLEX 

of Geneva 





PACE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 



China Tries to Be 
King of the Hill 

Asians Are Alarmed as Beijing 
Objects to U.S. Forces in Region 


By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — China 
has alarmed many Asian 
countries by saying publicly 
for the first time that it op- 
poses the stationing of U.S. 
forces in the regioa. 

“What it means is that 
China, as the region’s emerg- 
ing great power, wants to sup- 
plant the United States as the 
key factor in Asian security,** 
a senior Philippine official 
said Wednesday. 

‘'‘China is stating its po- 
sition now — while Japan ap- 
pears weak and distracted by 
economic and political prob- 
lems — to impress other Asi- 
an countries that it is the 
power of the future.” 

Analysts said that such 
countries as Japan, South 
Korea, Taiwan and Singa- 
pore, which strongly support 
a continued U.S. military 
presence in the region, had 
similar concerns. 

Of the nearly 100,000 U.S. 
military personnel in Asia, 

47.000 are based in Japan and 

36.000 in South Korea. 

Most Asia-Pacific countries 

regard the U.S. presence as 
essential for m aintaining sta- 
bility in a region where there 
are still many serious unre- 
solved international disputes. 

Responding to a warning 
by William Cohen, the vis- 
iting U.S. defense secretary, 
that any reduction in U.S. 
troop numbers could trigger a 
dangerous arms race in Asia, 
the Chinese Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, Shen Guofang. 
said Beijing opposed the sta- 
tioning of foreign forces in 
the region. 

“We believe Asian nations 
should preserve tile peace and 
stability of the Asian region,” 
he said Tuesday. "We be- 
lieve Asian nations are fully 
capable of doing so.” 

[Mr. Cohen dismissed the 
Chinese comments on Wed- 
nesday, Agence France - 
Presse reported from Seoul, 
saying, “We should take such 
a response, if I can resort to 
my old Latin, cum grano salts 
— with a grain of salt 

[“Perhaps they would like 
to see less of a U.S. role.” he 
added, “but the fact remains 
we are going to maintain our 
presence.”] 

Mr. Shen said that 
Beijing’s position had always 
been to oppose the stationing 
of foreign troops in Asia. 

Yet, in the 1980s, during 
the Cold War, China privately 


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welcomed the U.S. military 
presence as a counterweight 
to Soviet forces in the region. 

Even after the collapse of 
the Soviet Union, Chinese of- 
ficials hedged their public 
comments on the U.S. military 
forces in Asia, apparently be- 
cause Beijing saw them as an 
assurance that Japan would 
not rearm with offensive 
weapons or take on a wider 
security role in the region. 

For example, at a meeting 
of foreign ministers from 
Asia, the Pacific, North Amer- 
ica and Europe in Jakarta in 
July, Foreign Minis ter Qian 
Qichen of China was asked at 
a news conference whether 
Beijing regarded the U.S. mil- 
itary presence in East Asia as a 
stabilizing factor for the re- 
gion. 

The presence was "a mat- 
ter left over from history,' ' he 
said, but added that if at- 
tempts were made to change 
the security treaty between 
the United States and Japan 
into something wider, it 
would have an adverse impact 
on regional stability. 

Analysts said that since 
then, a consensus had 
emerged in Beijing that the 
agreement signed a year ago 
in Tokyo between President 
Bill Clinton and Prime Min- 
ister Ryu taro Hashimoto to 
strengthen the U.S.-Japanese 
alliance was intended to con- 
tain China. Mr. Cohen and 
other American officials have 
denied this. 

“Since the U.S. views 
China as a potential threat in 
Asia,” the official China 
Daily said in a commentary 
last week, “it strengthened its 
military ties with Japan and 
embarked on a policy of con- 
taining China.' 

In its annual Strategic Sur- 
vey for 1996-97 to be made 
public this month, the Inter- 
national Institute for Strategic 
Studies in London said that as 
a result of rapid economic 
growth since the 1980s. 
China was likely to “emerge 
as the overwhelming regional 
power and the only near-peer 
competitor” of the United 
States. 

“By the mid-1990s, there 
was considerable evidence 
that China planned to use its 
newfound influence in an as- 
sertive way," tile institute 
wrote in an advance copy of 
the report that was made 
available to the International 
Herald Tribune. 

“The second half of the 
decade will demonstrate 
whether the outside world is 
prepared to restrain as well as 
enrage an asseitive China.” 

Beijing alarmed many of its 
neighbors in 1995 by occupy- 
ing a reef in the disputed 
Spratly Islands in the South 
China Sea that was claimed by 
the Philippines and then using 
its armed forces in 1996 to 
intimidate Taiwan ahead of the 
island's presidential elections. 

Many Asian countries have 
land or sea boundary disputes 
with China. Together, such 
areas are vast, often strategic- 
ally located and thought to be 
ricb in oil and gas. 



Japan Raids Nuclear Firm, 
For Falsifying Fire Report 


^ '2 / 




Ahn Yonog Joon/Tbc Awdnd hn 

General John Shalikashvfli, chair man of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, pointing toward 
North Korea on Wednesday as he toured the demilitarized zone at Panmunjom with a 
lieutenant The general was on the last day of a visit to South Korea for security talks. 

Pyongyang Promises Answer 
To Proposals for Peace Talks 


Reuters 

SEOUL — North Korea has told the United 
States and South Korea that it will finally respond 
Wednesday to a proposal for peace talks amid 
expectations that near-famine will push it to 
accept the offer. 

Officials in Seoul said that senior diplomats of 
the two Koreas and the United States were to 
meet in New York to bear the answer. 

1 ‘North Korea is expected to formally respond 
to the New York briefing last month by the 
United States and South Korea on the four-party 
talks,” a Seoul official said Wednesday. Of- 
ficials in the South Korean capital predicted a 
favorable response from a neighbor devastated 
by two years of flooding and experiencing food 
shortages severe enough to force it to acknowl- 
edge that children are dying from malnutrition. 

Defense Secretary William Cohen, who ar- 
rived in Seoul on Wednesday, urged Pyongyang 
to work with Seoul and Washington to deal with 
the food shortage. 

“I think the evidence is mounting that it 
appears to be very severe," Mr. Cohen told 
reporters. 

President Bill Clinton and President Kim 
Young Sam of South Korea proposed four-way 
peace talks a year ago between the two Koreas, 
the United States and China, but Pyongyang put 
off answering. The aim is to create a lasting peace 
to replace a truce that ended the 1950-53 Korean 
War but left the two Koreas technically at war. 

In a reminder that tension still runs high in the 
region, a top North Korean Army official said 
Wednesday that military moves by South Korea 
and the United Stales had pushed the Korean 
Peninsula to the "brink of war.” 

“Our country's situation is on the brink of 
war, and the launching mechanism for a north- 
ward invasion is already in place,” Kim Yong 
Chun, chief of general staff of the North Korean 
People's Army, said at a military rally in Py- 
ongyang. 

North Korea frequently issues such warnings 
and defense officials in Seoul said there had been 


BRIEFLY 


no extraordinary military movements on either 
side. 

Mr. Cohen repeated Washington’s concerns 
that the food shortage could prompt North 
Korea’s 1.1 million-strong military to revolt or 
strike out against the South in a test desperate 
Cold War gambit. 

“We have no way of predicting that right now 
and so what we have to have is a very strong 
deterrent capability plus a willingness to work 
with the South Koreans to solve mis crisis,” he 
told reporters. 

He said the United States was moving cau- 
tiously on food aid for the North and that it would 
be handled only in conjunction with South Korea 
and other countries. 

“We will work very closely with our South 
Korean allies to see where we go from here,” Mr. 
Cohen said. 

International relief efforts for North Korea 
have gathered pace in the past week. Sooth Korea 
and the United States have said they are con- 
sidering supplying more aid. 

Images of hungry North Korean children have 
prompted sympathy in South Korea, and citizens 
are digging into their pockets to raise millions of 
dollars for their brethren across the border. 

A senior South Korean government official 
said Seoul had decided to increase its contri- 
bution to the UN World Food Program, which is 
seeking $95.5 million — up from an initial $41.6 
million — to bay 200,000 tons of food. 

“We are still discussing the size of the in- 
crease,” the official said. “We will also have to 
consult with the United States.” 

South Korea pledged $6 million to the original 
appeal by the program and the United States $10 
million. Washington said Tuesday that it was 
considering raising its contribution. 

“I think our humanitarian gestures will help 
create a better atmosphere for the talks,” the 
Seoul official said. “I expect a favorable re- 

iFthey agreed to^be proposal with n^scrin^ 
attached.” 


Pakistan Pleased With India Talks 

KARACHL Pakistan — The Pakistani foreign minister, Gohar 
Ayub Khan, returned from New Delhi on Wednesday saying he 
was satisfied with his “ice breaking" meeting with his Indian 
counterpart. 

Mr. Khan, who met Foreign Minister Inder Kumar Gujral for 
90 minutes in the Indian capital earlier in the day, said to repo r t e rs 
that the talks, which covered problems including the “core” 
issue of Kashmir, which both countries claim, were held in an 
"excellent” atmosphere. 

Mr. Gujral said the next session between Foreign Ministry 
officials from the two countries would take place in early May in 
Islamabad. The prime ministers are to meet in May during a 
gathering of the South Asian Association for Regional Co- 
operation at Male, Maldives. 

Resumption of dialogue between the two countries, which 
have fought three wans since independence in 1947. began test 
month after more than three years of estrangement (AFP) 

New Inquiry on Hanbo Payments 

SEOUL — South Korean prosecutors announced an inquiry 
Wednesday into politicians suspected of taking money from (be 
jailed head of the collapsed Hanbo Steel company, Chung Tae 
Soo. 

“We decided to question all politicians named on tbe Chung Tae 
Soo list” a senior prosecutor, Chim Jae Yoon, said, referring to a 
supposed list of politicians who took money from Mr. Chung. 

Mr. Chung said Monday at a televised parliamentary bearing 
from jail that his company had offered unspecified, but legal, 
sums of money to three lawmakers, one each from the ruling New 
Korea Party and two opposition parties. The tycoon denied the 
existence of the so-called Chung Tae Soo list but newspapers 
have published a list of 16 lawmakers who are said to nave 
received money from Hanbo. 

Hanbo collapsed under the weight of $5.8 million in debt and 
prosecutors say some of that money was used by Mr. Chung to 
bribe politicians. ^ (AFP) 

Indian Truckers Strike Is Ended 


nesday, a spokesman for the truckers' alliance announced. 

The spokesman, SJP. Singh, of the All India Motor Transport 
Congress, said the strike had been called off after an agreement 
between the government and the alliance. 

He said the government bad agreed to abolish a 5 percent 
service tax on truckers. 

About 65 percent of commodities, food grains and vegetables 
are carried by road in India. The strike, which has bankrupted 
hundreds of businesses, is estimated to have cost more than $2 
billion. (AFP) 

Burma Dissidents Deny Blast Role 

TOKYO — Burmese dissidents in Japan, accused of or- 
chestrating a deadly mail bombing in Rangoon, denied re- 
sponsibility Wednesday and said the blast resulted from a power 
struggle among the country's ruling generals. 

The Burma Joint Action Committee, an umbrella group rep- 
resenting dissidents, said it believed in peaceful protest and was 
not involved in the attack. 

“That blast had nothing to do with us,” the group said. “Here 
in Japan, the movement against the military has always been 
peaceful, disciplined and within the bounds of Japanese law.” 

The explosion at the house of Lieutenant General Tin Oo on 
Sunday evening killed his daughter. Cho Lei Oo. 34. General Tin 
Oo is one of (he four most powerful men in the Burmese 
government. Tbe government said tbe package had been sent by 
airmail from Japan and said it suspected opposition groups 
there. (Reuters) 

For the Record 

Bread prices in the Afghan capital, Kabul, are soaring as 
much as 40 percent a day, because of a severe shortage of wheat 
flour. Pakistan had been a major supplier of flour, but now is 
suffering its own shortages. (Reuters) 

Chinese educators should move away from their centuries- 
old reliance on examinations as the sole judge of performance, 
the Xinhua news agency quoted Vice Prime Minister Li Lanqing 
as saying Wednesday. (AFP) 


Reuters 

TOKYO — Prime Minister Ryutaro 
Hashimoto ordered raids Wednesday 
on a state corporation in charge of 
reprocessing nuclear fuel after officials 
admitted that they had falsified areport 
about Japan's worst nuclear accident. 

“I am so angry I could not utter a 
single word," Mr. Hashimoto said. 
“We will get third-party consultants 
to conduct a foil probe.” _ . 

As part of an all-out investigation 
that he ordered, inspectors from tbe 
government’s Science and Technol- 
ogy Agency raided the offices of the 
Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel De- 
velopment Corp. 

They acted after company exec- 
utives said at a news conference Tues- 
day that they bad falsified a report 
about a March 11 explosion at a nu- 
clear-waste processing plant, which 
exposed 37 workers to small doses of 


The company has been assailed for 
its delays in alerting local officials to 
the accident, lax fire figh ti ng plans and 
outdated equipment. 

The accident occurred at a bitu- 
minizatio n plant, designed to harden 
low-level nuclear waste by mixing it 
with asphalt, at Tokaimura, on the 
Pacific coast 160 kilometers (100 
miles) northeast of Tokyo. 

The official company report on the 


accident, issued March 21, s aid staff aK 
the plant visually confirmed that an-; 
initial fire had been put ouL > 

The fire flared up again mne boois> 
later, causing an explosion that res*; 
leased radiati on into the atmosphere. ;> 
“In fact,” a company manager,': 
Hiromasa Nakano. said Tuesday, “no-; 
one had confirmed that tbe fire had> 
been put out. The staff at tbe sceoe-j 
knew bui thought tha t there was> 

no way to change^ the report once it^ 
was officiaL” J 

The company’s chairman, Toshiy-** 
uki Kondo. sard ai the same news;" 
conference, “I tod believed that there^ 
were no lies. I deeply regret this. I? 
thought we tod learned a lesson ar. 
MonjuT” 

Mr. Kondo was referring to an ac-1- 
cident in December 1995 at the com-^ 
pany’s experimental fast-breeder re--; 
actor, Monju. Four executives have} 
been accused of falsrfying areport and*: 
hiding videotapes of a massive 2; 
coolant leak there. _ • J 

There was no radiation leak at Mbn-~ 
ju. but the plant remains dosed. 5 
A spokesman for the Science and j 
Technology Agency called the*; 
Tokaimura report an Official docu-£ 
meat that tbe company was required * 
by law to submit to the government. < 
“False entries can lead to pros-J 
edition,” the official said. i 


Legislature-in- Waiting 

la Hong Kong Lies Lo\| 


. By Keith B. Ricbburg 

Washi ngton Post Service 

HONG KONG — In the stateliness of 
die domed Legislative Council budding, 
beneath a classical pediment bearing the 
royal aims and the figures of Mercy and 
Truth, Andrew Wong, die council's 
president, looked across Ins posh office 
at a portrait of Queen Elizabeth H and 
explained in British-accented English 
the difficulties of presiding over a cham- 
ber heading for dissolution in 83 days. 

“If we finish the job, we finish the 
job,” he said, sounding weary. As for 
die queen’s likeness, he added: “I’ll take 
it home.” 

Not far away, on the 10th floor of a 
rundown office budding, tbe president 
of “die other legislature” works with a 
few staff members behind a glass door 
that bears only her name: “The Office of 
Mrs. Rita. Fan.” She dares not add her 
tide or any thing else that might reveal 
this office as die nerve center for Hong 
Kong’s legislature-in-waiting. 

Banned from Hong Kong, where ad- 
vocates of democracy consider it an il- 
legal gathering, this rival legislature 
meets across the border in Shenzhen. 
Opponents have threatened to challenge 
it in court if it tries to operate here before 
China takes control of Hong Kong on 
July 1 and the current legislature is ab- 
olished. They have die tacit backing of 
Chris Fatten, Hong Kong’s acerbic Brit- 
ish governor, who has deemed it “a 
rather odd debating society that meets on 
occasional Saturday mornings.” 

Mis. Fan said: “If the Hong Kong 
government has this unwelcoming and 
rejecting attitude, it is best that we not 

operate here. It does cause us some in- 
convenience. But for a smooth transi- 
tion, this is a small price to pay.” 

For most of its 150 years as a British 
colony, Hong Kong was run by a Brit- 
ish governor appointed by London and 
a few handpicked advisers from the 
local business community; the Legis- 
lative Council robber-stamped gov- 
ernment initiatives and added a public 
veneer of democracy and accountabil- 
ity to what was basically a benign 
colonial dictatorship. 

That began changing in the mid- 
1980s and changed definitively in 1995, 
when the number of directly elected 
seats was increased, more people were 
allowed to vote and party politics be- 
came more pronounced. 

Of all tbe decisions China has maA» 
regarding the change of sovereignty. 


none has evoked more anger and ifrl 
ternational condemnation than the movt|< 
to abolish the elected legislature min 
replace it with an appointed one. Thel 
Legislative Council has emerged as m 
potent symbol of democracy m HonM 
Kong. To many here and abroad! 
Beijmg’s decision to abolish the counda 
is seen as proof of an intention to wijM 
out any vestiges of democracy and dtas 
sent M 

A survey last month by Hong Kan 
Baptist University found that 48 percen 
of Hong Kong residents thought thfl 
council would better protect their rights* 
while only 4 percent said the same of tin 
Chinese-appointed body. Thiny-nina 
percent were opposed to the provisional 
legislature, and 58 percent thnng M 
Beijing's panel was less representative 
than flK current body. 9 

In its annual report on Hong Kot» 
released last week, the U.S. State DeJl 
partment said that “China’s decision turn 
create a provisional legislature raises" 
serious concerns.” 

It added, “Tbe process for choosing a 
provisional legislature was not bared 
upon an open and fair election, and did 
not produce a legislature that reflects the 
broad representative will of the 
people.” 

China’s decision to abolish die coun- 
cil is the issue most likely to spark shed ] 
demonstrations here during the ban- ■ 
dover ceremonies, after the colony re- 
verts to China at midnight of June 30. 
Some foresee dismissed legislators lock- 
ing themselves in their offices or hun- 
dreds of supporters surrounding the leg* 
islature building and perhaps forcing a 
police crackdown in front of thousands 
of television cameras. 

It was Hong Kong's last election, held 
in 1995 over China's vehement objec- 
tions, that raised passions on both sides 
of the border and led to the current 
legislative stalemate. 

After Mr. Patten instituted electoral 
changes that made the election mob 
democratic than any held previously in , 
Hong Kong, the Democratic Party won£ 
plurality of seats, despite China’s lob- 
bying campaign for pro-Beijing cand* 
dates. -5 

Officials in Beijing said the electi&jb 
violated treaty agreements, and the fe&J! 
islature would have to be thrown out 2$ 
soon China took control here. To repla£» 
it, China named the 60-member pro* 
visional legislature, made up exdusrveljf 
of pro-China politicians, many of thefts 
candidates defeated in 1995. *2 


HONG KONG: Curbs on Rights Sought 3 


Continued from Page 1 

in Taiwan as “foreign political orga- 
nizations” that would be prohibited 
from linking up with local groups in 
Hong Kong. People from Taiwan would 
be considered “aliens.” 

The changes apparently would not 
affect the activities of the Chinese Com- 
munist Party or its front organizations 
operating here. 

Mr. Suen mentioned the need for 
“stability” several times, and a long 
document, “Civil Liberties and Social 
Order,” that accompanied tbe proposed 
changes also referred to the need for 
“safeguards” against unspecified “ex- 
ternal forces'’ that might try to disrupt 
Hong Kong after the transfer to China 
“It is easy to forget,” the document 
said, “that being a small and open econ- 


NEW DELHI — A nine-day truckers strike that crippled The police in Pakistan said 21 people were wounded in a 
Indian businesses and sent prices of food soaring ended Wed- bomb blast Wednesday in Gujranwala, a city in Punjab. (AFP) 


to external forces. As a c ommuni ty W e 
must ensure that there are sufficient safe- 
guards ha our system to maintain law and 
order at all times, and to react to un- 
foreseen circumstances swiftly and ef- 
fectively.” 

Tbe only specific example the doc- 
ument cited was a relatively minor in- 
cident last year when a group of students 
barged into the Japanese Consulate to fry 
to presort a petition over a chain of 
disputed islands. 

Mr. Snen declined repeated requests 
to name exactly what threats to stability 
existed in Hong Kong. He mentioned tbe 


possibility of “certain types of site* 
ations’ ’ arising at the time of the transfix 
but did not elaborate. Ii 

Some have voiced fears that the trans^ 
fer could be accompanied by stro^ 
protests from various groups, ranging 
from critics of China's human right* 
record to Taiwan and Tibetan separatist 
who might want to embarrass tijn 
Chinese leaders who will be on han d faf 
the ceremonies. 

Top police officials have said tha* 
they never asked for any expanded 
powers to curb protests and that me vast 
mryority^of demon s tr ati ons, _ including 

the crackdown on Tiananmen dernojS 
racy advocates, have been peaceful. 

“Annually, there are thousands dj 
events, and all except a very, very 
went off with no problems ai all,” said 
the senior assis tant commissioner, Ng 
Ching-kwok, who is director of oper- 
ations for the Royal Hong Kong police. 
“In the m ain, people in Hong Kong, the 
protesters, are very peaceful people.” 

James Cheng, a political scientist at 
City University of Hong Kong, said tto 
Tun g administration’s fear of social un- 
rein: here was “a very weak line.” 

“We all know that as fer as rallies and 

demonstrations are concerned, oors .m 
Hong Kong are probably the most civ- J 
dized in the world.” be said- “From 100 
people to the 1 million people we saw 
during ihe June 4 rallies, where have you 
seoa more orderly people?” 







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PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 



INTERNATIONAL 


France Gets NATO-Russia Signing as Part of Trade-Off 



*Sy Joseph Fitchett 

IniemjttfHiai Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In a gesture to France, 
Foreign Minister Yevgeni Pri- 
makov of Russia announced Wed- 
nesday that Moscow wanted Paris to 
be host of the signing ceremony of a 
declaration on new relations be- 
tween his country and NATO, prob- 
ably on May 27. 

Besides indicating Russian eager- 
ness to close a deal with the alliance, 
his message si gnified that France was 
setting up a face-saving retreat in its 
quarrel with the United States about 
what country holds NATO's South- 
ern Command in Naples, French of- 
ficials and U-S. diplomats said. 

“There is no way France can host 
a milestone meeting of NATO, then 
turn its back on the alliance a month 
later because Paris didn ’t get exactly 
what it wanted on the command 
question." another Paris-based 


European diplomat said. 
U.S. officials had hit 


hinted earlier 


that the Clinton administration 
would be happy with an arrange- 
ment that gave France a conspicu- 
ous role in NATO's new departure 
with Moscow, evoking Gaulhst am- 
bitions in the Cold War for a special 
place between the Soviet Uni chi and 
the West 

The trade-off, they said, is thai 
Washington gets its way about the 
Naples headquarters. Nor does the 
Clinton administration want Paris to 
be in control of the meeting if there 
are last-minute tensions to be ironed 
out, an eventuality that most of- 
ficials appear to discount. 

Russia, apparently resigned to the 
enlargement of the North Adantic 
Treaty Organization, now seems 
bent on sealing its own pact with the 
alliance and gaining a voice in allied 
affairs before the NATO summit 
meeting in Madrid in July, where at 
least three former Soviet satellites 
are expected to be invited to become 
full members of the alliance. Pres- 
ident BUI Clinton and other Western 


leaders maintain that President Bor- 
is Yeltsin's agreement to cooperate 
with the alliance, despite Russia’s 
objections to NATO enlargement, 
will end a half-century of military 
hostility between Russia and die 
West 

A NATO-Russia signing in May 
would be a historic event mat visu- 
ally at least occurred under the aus- 
pices of the French president 
Jacques Chirac. 

A score of world leaders would 
attend. Besides Mr. Yeltsin, who has 
said he wants to come. Mr. Clinton 
is already scheduled to be in Europe 
that week. The heads of NATO’s 
other 14 countries would attend, and 
leaders from prospective member 
states in Eastern Europe would also 
like to be there. 

At the Foreign Ministry lunch at 
which Mr. Primakov said that he had 
proposed the Paris venue to Mr. 
Chir ac, French officials described 
the prospective pact as a turning 
point in post-Cold War history. 


Asked if bolding the ceremony in 
Paris could have an impact in 
softening the blow of Mr. Chirac’s 
defeat on the Naples issue, one of 
them said: * ‘It would certainly show 
that France had a big place in 
NATO.” 

Other French officials said that 
Paris was positioning itself to aban- 
don its threat of freezing further 
moves to integrate its armed forces 
into NATO's co mman d structure if, 
as now seems clear, Washington in- 
sists on keeping the Naples job for 
now. That sanction threatened to 
backfire on Paris if other countries, 
including new members, started 
corralling posts while France hatred 
its own officers from considera- 
tion. 

By signaling his damage-control 
strategy now, diplomats noted, Mr. 
Chirac strengthened his hand a .few 
hours before a dinner meeting with 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Ger- 


many. 

France's 


isolation in ' NATO 


threatened to cloud French-German 
cooperation on deferae and other 
problems threatening closer integra- 
tion in the European Union. Paris is 
already isolated from the other 
European allies on the Naples is- 
sue. 

A point on winch Mr. Chirac is 
stfll insisting, a German nffirial 
said, was that NATO leave open die 
possibility of reconsidering the 
Naples command reasonably soon 
ana not stipulate that die question 
was closed for a specific period. Mr. 
Chirac does not race re-election for 
five years and he ap p are ntly would 
like to be able to maintain that the 
issue can be re-opened during Ms 
presidency. 

That possibility would help Mr. 
Chirac defend a decision to accept 
less than he had demanded in NATO 
against attacks freon fellow 
Gaullists that be has stxnundered to 
Washington and criticism from ap- 
position Socialists that he misman- 
aged relations with the alliance 


ITALY: 

Prodi Wins Vote 

Continued from Page 1 

government crisis when the 
center-right Freedom Alli- 
ance said it would vote with 
his center-left coalition on a 
joint motion to deploy the 
force. 

The leader of the center- 
right opposition, Silvio Ber- 
lusconi, said Tuesday that his 
alliance would consider lend- 
ing parliamentary support to a 
minority government if Mr. 
Prodi broke with the hard 
left 

“Make a decision,” be 
said, adding that. “We are 
ready to make our contribu- 
tion.” He also said his Free- 
dom Alliance was not inter- 
ested in a place in the 
government. 

Mr. Prodi is confronting 
his toughest political chal- 
lenge since taking office last 
May. Political sources had 
expected him to face a par- 
liamentary confidence vote to 
determine whether his coali- 
tion's alliance with the hard 
left can continue. 

The main party in the gov- 
erning coalition, the Demo- 
cratic Party of the Left, has 
previously rejected die pos- 
sibility of a minority govern- 
ment, but smaller, centrist 
forces in the government 
have said it should be con- 
sidered. 

Mr. Prodi cannot muster a 
majority in the lower house 
without the Refounded Com- 
munists, whose 34 deputies 
hold die balance of power. 

Refoundation has said it 
will back Mr. Prodi on a con- 
fidence vote but the party 
chairman, Armando Cossutta, 
appeared Wednesday to lay 
down terms, signaling a po- 
tentially rocky ride ahead. 

Mr. Cossutta said that if 
Mr. Prodi wanted to win the 
confidence motion, “then he 



FIAT: Chairmanh Convicted 


Prime Minister Prodi preparing to address Parliament on Wednesday. 


hobCocn/Rcdlcn 


should notenter into details.’ 7 
He said: “If we back the mo- 
tion, then we will vote for it 
with open hearts. If not, then 
we will vote against” 

The opposition supports 
the Albania force but sensing 
an opportunity to embarrass 
the prime minister, had in- 
sisted that Mr. Prodi ac- 
knowledge that his parlia- 
mentary majority had been 
cut to shreds on the issue. 

Mr. Prodi took steps to 
meet the demand in his 
speech opening Wednesday’s 
debate, noting that a Re- 
foundation “no" vote in the 
Senate on Tuesday, when the 


government’s- own majority 
was enough to get its motion 
through, had shown he had 
problems. 

“I declare now that if the 
dissent expressed by the 
Communist Refoundation 
group persists, I will go im- 
mediately to the bead of state 
to inform him officially of die 
situation and await his eval- 
uation,” Mr. Prodi said. 

Maurizio Gasparri, of the 
hard-right National Alliance, 
said the turmoil demonstrated 
that the government was 
“brain dead.” 

“You are making the coun- 
try look ridiculous. You can- 


not pretend that your majority 
hasn’t dissolved” he said. 

Refoundation regards the 
Albania force as a neo-colo- 
nialist venture and says Italian 
soldiers will face unacceptable 
risks. The mission coincides 
with die 58tfa anniversary this 
week of the occupation of Al- 
bania by Fascist Italy. 

Mr. Prodi welcomed the 
“broad consensus” e xp r esse d 
by Parliament and among the 
nation at large concerning the 
Albanian mission. He stressed 
that “no interference in Al- 
bania's internal affairs would 
be tolerated’’ during the mis- 
sion. (AP. Reuters. AFP) 


Continued from Page 1 

the automaker’s single largest 
shareholder. For mare than 20 
years Mr. Romizi has worked 
closely with Mr. Agnelli, act- 
ing as the hands-on manager, 
w hite the latter has tended to 
be more of an ambassador for 
the group. 

Mr. Romiti was scheduled 
to serve as Fiat chairman until 
June 1998. But if he is unable 
to overturn the conviction in 
an appeals court. Fiat would 
have to find a new chairman. 
The Fiat group had 1996 rev- 
enue of 78 tmlion lire ($46 
billion) and a work force of 
237,000 people. 

On Wednesday night Fiat 
issued a statement from Mr. 
Agnelli, now Hat's honorary 
chairman. “While respecting 
the verdict of the judges,” 
Mr. Agnelli was quoted as 
saying, “I believe the work of 
Cesare Romiti and Francesco 
Paolo Mattioli, in many years 
of superb collaboration, has 
always been correct. I there- 
fore would like to confirm my 
confidence in their inno- 
cence, and I believe that this 
will be proved in appeals 
courts.” 

Asked whether Mr. Romiti 
would resign because of the 
court-ordered ban on his hold- 
ing any executive functions in 
a corporation in Italy, a Hat 
spokesman, Alberto Masoero, 
said: “We don’t, at this point. 


have an. official position on 
that subject, and therefore we 
cannot comment.” 

Mr. Masoero said that the 
ban, although formally part of 
the conviction and sentence, 
was not immediately applic- 
able and would become man- 
datory only after an appeals 
court had ruled, and then pos- 
sibly only after a ruling by the 
supreme court. 

One scenario being dis- 
cussed was that Mr. Romfti 
mi g ht offer his resignation 
and then leave the derision on 
whether to accept it to Mr. 
Agnelli and other Fiat share- 
holders. 

Fiat’s lawyer, Vittorio CM- 
usano, was quoted Wednes- 
day as swing that Mr. Ro- 
miti’s 18-month prison 
sentence has “no practical 
consequence” because it 
does not meet the minimum 
threshold for imprisonment 
under Italian law. 

Besides being the Hat 
chairman, Mr. Romiti is a ma- 
jor figure in Italian business. 
In recent months he Mu 
sharply criticized the govern- 
ment and fueled speculation 
that he was hoping to launch a 
career in politics. 

Fiat accounts for nearly S 
percent of Italy ’s gross nation- 
al product and, together with 
other Agnelli family holdings, 
represents dose to 25 percent 
of the capitalization of the 
Milan &ock market. 


UN Team Calls On Nigeria 
To Halt Summary Executions 

GENEVA— Two UN rights investigatory warning 

thai the nileoflaw in Nigeria was on the VCT^ofcrilapse, 

called Wednesday on the nriKteiy g overnm ent to haa 
extrajudicial executions ami arbitrary arrests by security 

f °Itia scathing report to the UN Human Com- 

mission, they called on Lagos to retease 
pniiriral prisoners including those convicted mtte 1995 
trialafaUeged “coup plotters,” including a former head 
of state, Otusegim Obasanjo. . 

Nigeria must allow the Supreme Court to hear an 
appeal by Chief Moshood Abiola, the presidential 
claimant jailed on treason charges since June 1994, 
according to Panun Cumaraswamy, a Malaysian lawyer, 

Th#! wiling of Chief Abiola’s wife Kudirat in June 1996 
should also be fully investigated, they adde d. 

?*It that »mrter the mxEtaxy government of 

Nigeriatoi^y the rule of law is on the verge of collapse,” 
the joint report said, “if it has not already collapsed.” 
Auwalu Yadtudu, top legal adviser to Nigeria s military 
ruler. General Sani Abacfaa, took the floor at the UN 
Co mmissi on to defend his country’s record. 

Mr. Yadndu rejected allegations of sununstyexo- 
miHHHi , torture and arbitrary detentions as “unfoun- 
ded.” (Ratters) 

Delay Seen for Space Station 

WASHINGTON — Russia’s feilurc to x raxt its com - 
mitment to build a vital component of the international 

Al. — - nllAnf 1 1 


months, NASA officials told Congress on Wednesday. 

The first construction flig ht , scheduled for November, d 
will be no later than October 1998, the head of the sta tion , 1 
Wilbur Trafton, told a House subcommittee. 

With IT S, funding, Russia built a space tug that was to 
have been the first element of the station. That module is j 
ready to go, as is the second module built by the United -j 
States. But the third dement, a servicemodule that was to 
bouse crews and provide steering capability, has not been 
started. (AP) • 

A Step Toward Angolan Peace ] 

LUANDA, Angola — Angola took a major step in its 
delayed peace process Wednesday when 66 deputies 4 
from the former rebel movement UNTTA f orm ally took -j 
their seats in Parliament. , 

The swearing-in ceremony removed the final hurdle to '< 
the scheduled installation Friday of a power-sharing <■ 
government involving officials from the farmer rebels, H 
the National Union forthe Total Independence of Angola, 
and the current government 

The formation of the Government of National Unity 
and Reconciliation is the final stage in the UN-brokered 
peace process, begun in 1994, that has ended two decades 
of civu war. (AP) ‘J 


UKRAINE: Rampant Craft 


ZAIRE: U.S. Tells Mobutu to Go 


ROMANCE: Bonds That Raise Questions for Top Fed Official 


Continued from Page 1 

emors and the 12 Fed regional pres- 
idents. All members attend the meetings, 
which are held about every six weeks, 
but only five of the 12 regional presidents 
are entitled to vote at any one time. 

As one of the Leading bond traders in 
the United States, Goldman Sachs fre- 
quently invests its own capital in gov- 
ernment securities, effectively making 
bets on the Fed’s monetary policy ana 
the direction of interest rates. Mr. Cor- 
rigan was named a partner at the firm late 
last year. 

As president of the Boston Fed, Ms. 
Minehan, 50, sits on the Open Market 
Committee. Before being named to the 
post in July 1994, she was the Boston 
Fed’s first vice president and chief op- 
erating officer. 

Mr. Corrigan said he and Ms. Mine- 
han had discussed their situation with the 
Fed’s general counsel, J. Virgil Mat- 
tingly, and with lawyers at Goldman 
Sachs as soon as their relationship start- 
ed to become serious. 

“I can’t speak to John LaWare’s state- 
ment. but we really have gone to great 
length with the attorneys to cover every 
base,” he said. 'On many occasions I 
have said to Mr. Mattingly: ‘Is there 
anything else that you want to know?' ” 

Fed officials said they could recall do 
case of a voting member of the Open 
Market Committee encountering similar 


potential conflicts of interest because of policy” and that be did not “directly or 

. ; indirectly participate in any decisions at 

Goldman bearing on investments in gov- 
ernment securities.” 

Mr. Corrigan said his work at Gold- 
man basically fell into two broad cat- 
egories: external work with government 
clients, helping to advise them on bank 
reform and other matters related to fi- 
nancial regulation, and internal work for 
Goldman's risk-management commit- 
tee related to legal compliance and fi- 
nancial controls. 

“Goldman Sachs is satisfied that ap- 
propriate steps have been taken by all 
parties to guard against any potential con- 
flicts of interest,” Robert Katz, the firm’s 
general counsel, said. “We explained to 
the Fed’s lawyers what Corrigan does at 
Goldman and particularly that he has 
nothing to do with our trading.” 

Fed officials in Boston. New York 
and Washington referred questions on 
the matter to Mr. Mattingly, the Fed's 
general counsel. 

“Obviously it raised some issues be- 
cause of his position and her position,” 
Mr. Mattingly said For one thing, he 
said Ms. Mmehan “must accept no gifts 
from Goldman Sachs.” 

The Fed also set rules concerning Ms. 
Mine Kan’s public appearances with Mr. 
Corrigan. “She is not to appear at all in 
any land of situation, client situation, 
where be is trying to solicit clients,’ ’ Mr. 
Mattingly said 


a personal relationship. But. in an age 
marked by a steady rise in the number of 
two-career professional couples, there 
have been other sensitive issues in- 
volving senior Fed officials. 

For example, David W. Mullins Jr., 
the former deputy chairman of the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board and Mary Ann 
Gadziala, his fianctie, drew attention in 
1994. Ms. Gadziala, a lawyer at the Se- 
curities and Exchange Commission who 
later married Mr. Mullins, told Business 
Week magazine in 1994 that she had 
ignored approaches from law firms and 
banks about prospective jobs because 
she was concerned that they might create 
an appearance of impropriety. 

In another case, when Sam Cross 
worked as a senior official at the New 
York Fed and his wife was a lawyer at 
Citibank, they both signed letters agree- 
ing not to discuss Fed matters. Fed of- 
ficials said 

Reading from a prepared statement, 
Mr. Corrigan said: “We have been re- 
peatedly assured that steps we have 
taken to avoid conflicts of interest have 
been appropriate and satisfactory. As 
necessary, we will remain in consulta- 
tion with the lawyers in the future.” 

Under their arrangement, Mr. Cor- 
rigan said Ms. Minehan avoids any su- 
pervisory or regulatory role involving 
Goldman Sachs. He also said they “do 
not discuss issues involving monetary 


Continued from Page 1 

the administration wasplaying 
a role in the search for a coun- 
try where the Zairian leader, 
who is suffering from prostate 
cancer, might go to hvetherest 
of his life m exile. 

Mr. McCurry said there 
had to be “some arrange- 
ments made for a transitional 
process that leads to a newly 
elected government.” He 
sidestepped questions about 
the U.S. role. 

But a senior administration 
source and a source close to 
the Mobutu family said earli- 
er that die thrust of the U.S. 
message being delivered 
through various African lead- 
ers close to Marshal Mobutu 
was that he could best serve 
his nation by leaving the 
scene. 

The adminis t ration has 
passed its views to the mar- 
shal through African leaders 
who are close to him, includ- 
ing King Hassan n of Mo- 
rocco, President Omar Bongo 
of Gabon and others, accord- 
ing to the American source 
close to the Mobutu family. 

Until Wednesday, the ad- 
ministration Had declined to 
publicly urge Marshal Mobu- 
tu to step down, but a top U.S. 
diplomat already had made 
America's wishes clear in a 
statement on Capitol HflL 
The assistant secretary of 
state for African affairs, 
George Moose, called Mar- 
shal Mobutu’s regime “bank- 
rupt” and “a thing of the 
past.” 

So far Marshal Mobutu, 
66, has not responded to the 
U.S. message. 

“Mobum is old and dying. 


but be is no less selfish,” said 
a senior admini stration offi- 
cial, who requested anonym- 
ity. “His ambition is to die as 
head of Zaire and the con- 
sequences be damned.” 

The official added: “One 
can hope he’ll think tagger 
than that and see that he could 
play a positive role in foe tran- 
sition by leaving.” 

Since seizing power in 
1965 with the backing of the 
CIA, Mazsbal Mobutu and his 
ruling circle have reportedly 
enriched themselves by skim- 
ming profits from Zaire’s 
mineral exports and by pock- 
eting foreign aid. 

Rebels m the east, led by 
Laurent Kabila, have en- 
countered little resistance 
from Marshal Mobutu’s 
forces and control most of the 
nation’s gold, diamond, cop- 
per and cobalt mines. 

Mr. Moose told the African 
subcommittee of the House In- 
ternational Relations Commit- 
tee that Marshal Mobutu still 
had enough influence left to 
play a constructive role, if he 
chose to do so, to help Zaire 
make a peaceful t ransitio n to 
“the post-Mobum era.” 

One question facing Mar- 
shal Mobutu, as wefl as the 
United States and such close 
European backers as France 
and Belgium, is which coun- 
try might agree to receive him 
if he decides to leave Zaire. 


Continued from Plage 1 

Western executives say, is 
diplomatese for coemption. In 
a. series of cables to. Wash- 
ington over the last six 
months, the embassy de- 
scribed the business environ- 
ment here as characterized by 
bribes, threats, and violence. 

American and Ukrainian 
officials estimate that as 
mochas $100 billion has been 
spirited out of die country by 
profiteering officials; if the 
money were brought back, 
the country’s foreign reserves 
would nearly double, an 
American official said. 

Ukraine, roughly the size 
of France in area and pop- 
ulation, is now the tmrd- 
largest beneficiary of Amer- 
ican aid, after Israel and 
Egypt, receiving more than 
$1 billion since the country’s 
independence in 1991. 

In that time, the country’s 
standard of living has 
plu mm et e d — the average 
monthly income is about $80 
— while senior Ukrainian of- 
ficials have become multimil- 
lionaires. 

All this haa prompted some 
American officials to suggest 
tight restrictions on aid as the 
only way to get the govern- 
ment to begin serums about 
reform. 

It is an idea, the officials 
concede, that would run into 
resistance in Congress, where 
there is a Strong Ukr ainian 
lobby. 

Whan Leonid Kuchma was 
elected president in 1994, he 
spoke out strongly against 
corruption, and, under pres- 
sure from the World Bank, 
instituted a number of re- 
forms. 

For a while, there was op- 
timism among Western busi- 
nesses and diplomats. But 
now, they say, the govem- 


The United States has _ _ ^ 

already made clear it would 1 ment has’ regressed and the 
not be prepared to offer Mar- situation is worse ever. 


shal Mobutu sanctuary. 

The attitudes of France, 
Belgium and Switzerland, 
where Marshal Mobutu has 
many properties and his bank 
accounts, remain unclear. 


As an example, one busi- 
nessman said he would need 
licenses from three agencies 
for a pesticide project, and 
each license, he said, would 
give another official the op- 


ISRAEL : Evidence of a New Intifada 9 Is Emerging as the Peace Process Falters and Public Opinion Hardens 


Continued from Page i 

parts: fibril Rajoub, Mohammed 
Dahl an and Amin Hindi, each of 
whom heads a security service re- 
porting to the Palestinian leader 
Yasser Arafat. 

Although limited, cooperation 
between Israeli and Palestinian se- 
curity forces in the field has pre- 
vented significant clashes between 
the Israeli Army and the estimated 
20.000 armed Palestinian police- 
men. 

The Palestinian police, however, 
have taken casualties in their ef- 
forts to intercede between soldiers 
and rock-throwing youths. 

Mourners in Hebron, a center of 


the violence, picked up rocks Wed- 
nesday as they left die funeral of 
one of three Arabs shot dead Tues- 
day and charged through a line of 
unarmed Palestinian police of- 
ficers to confront Israeli soldiers, 
Reuters reported. 

The soldiers wounded 31 
Palestinians with rubber bullets. 
The street battles flared a day after 
the heaviest bloodshed in the West 
Bank since the crisis began. 

In a funeral procession for Nader 
Saeed. 2 5, a supporter of the radical 
Islamic group Hamas and one of 
the three killed Tuesday, an angry 
crowd in Hebron chanted their sup- 
port for an assassinated Hamas 
bombmaker, shouting, “Yahya 


Ayyash, you are dead but we con- 
tinue on your path.” 

Several Palestinian youths 
climbed on top of buildings and 
used slingshots to try to hit Israeli 
snipers, Reuters said. A Palestinian 
policeman fired off several volleys 
with a sling before his colleagues 
stopped him. 

More than an hour into the vi- 
olence, three Palestinian police 
jeeps drove in reverse along a main 
street, forcing demonstrators to re- 
treat out of stone-throwing range. 

For the first time since the two 
sides made peace in September 
1993, mainstream Palestinian lead- 
ers are organizing confrontations 
with Israeli troops. 


Veteran members of Mr. Arafat’s 
Fatah faction in the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization — activists 
such as Marwan Baxghouti and 
Ahmed Adik, who readied prom- 
inence in the 1987-93 intifada, die 
uprising against Israeli military oc- 
cupation, and later became influ- 
ential supporters of negotiated 
peace — have come full circle. Now 
they openly plan a long-term cam- 
paign of resistance to the dictates of 
the Jewish state. 

The Center for Palestine Re- 
search and Studies, in Nablus, last 
month found that, for die first time, 
a Palestinian majority — 52 to 41 
percent — favored the preposition 
that “there is no possibility to 


reach a solution acceptable to the 
two parlies.” The sample of 1,542 
people had a 3 pe rcen t margin of 
error. 

toother questions, 38 percent — 
about double the previous year's 
result — supported a return to 
“armed attacks,” a euphemism for 
suicide bombings in Israel. Thirty 
percent expressed approval of in- 
tifada-style canfrontations. 

Israelis, too, have found it easy 
to fall back on the language, ste- - 
reotypes and points of view (hat 
predated their first diplomatic ac- 
cord with the PLO. 

Newspaper and television com- 
mentaries speak much more often 
now of “flic Arabs” — instead of 


the Palestinians — and what it calls 
their unalterable enmity to IsraeL 
Polls of 1,000 Israeli Jews, con- 
ducted in July and again last 
month, i n dic a te d a: reversal on die 
prospect of “real peace with the 
Arabs” in coming years. Last July 
as Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu framed his government, Is- 
raeli Jews said yes to that question 

by 61 to 39 percent Last month, by 

53 to 47 percent, they said no. 

A well-known Peace Index cre- 
ated by the Stemmetz Center at Tel 

Aviv University found a drop in 
support for existing peace accords 
to 48 percent, the first tune since 
1993 that they have not 
m anded a majority. 


com- 




portumty to demand a bribe. 
Among the reforms the 
Worid Baltic bad insisted 
upon was a reduction in the 
number of licenses. . _ _ 
While Mr. Kuchma him- 
self is considered relatively 
clean, at least by the prevail- 
ing local ethic, some of his 
closest advisers are muscling 
in an legitimate businesses, 
diplomats and businessmen 
said. 

Businessmen and diplo^ 
mats have raised questions 
about a decree last August 
that required fanners to de- 
liver their grain to the states* 
instead of selling ft privately. ” 
The state paid the farmers 
around $85 a ton, at a time 
when the world market price 
was dose to $200 a too. ~ ■ 
Mare than 5 million tons 
were delivered to the stale!, 
which in turn earned as much 
as $500 million in profits! 
Diplomats and executive? 
said the proceeds were di- 
vided among various public 
■ officials. :.}• 

Ukraine despe ra tely .needs 
foreign investment m aider to ; 
modernize famously ineffr 
cient Communist-era. indus- 
tries and to overcoraefts ecoj- 
nomic difficulties. .* . 1 

But instead of coming .mi 
companies are leaving; j . 

Earlier this year, ’Tate & 
Lyle, one of the/ wca^f^l 
largest sugar products, slui 
its refinery in OdeSsa;,afler 
the government ^Sadd&ly 
banned the imptjtiatixm ' of 
sugarcane. ! 

The British cocnpany had 
invested $5 miTH on in modj- 
emizing the rondown plant.! 
and 1,100 workers, tue novjr 
unemployed. A spokesman 
for Tate & Lyle declined to . 
comment .< [ ■ 

The benefidariesof the de- 
cree are domestic sugar bees 
growers, inefficient statej- 
owned operations, to whki 
government officials have in^ 
terests, accor din g, to -diplo}- 
mats and businessmen. ■ 
Potentially, oneriftbe mod - 
lucrative enterprises in thifjp 
country of 52-miIfioii people 
will be the sale of mobOt 
phones. 

Recently, the g o v e rnment 
awarded three licenses, one tb 
a Ukrainian c ompan y called 
Kiev Star. - I, 

Its owners indude an adf- 
yiser to Mr. Kuchma, acalfr 
met minister Mild a Ukrainian 
with links tn ni pwiad mmq. 

said officials from two West- 
ern countries and a Western 
businessman with dose ties 
to the govenimeriL/ • 
Motorola, which had plans 
to invest SLSOO mfllin n to buflft . 
the telecomm mirations sya- - 

tom, announced ft was givutfe 
up on Uk raine - . \ 

“Motorola cannot condo- , 
ue to invest in Ukraine when <0 
fltegoveziimqDtis .copstanity 
changing the pies .of ^tbfe . 
game,” a spokesnm for Mo- 
torola said at the time. 





O+l 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, .APRIL 10, 1997 


PAGE 7 


EUROPE 


fht Ni W 


. '"i. 




1 


Can Russian History Rest in Peace? 

Supporters of Lenin and Czar Can’t Bury Their Differences 


; Alessandra Stanley 

H^yort Times Service 

i MOSCOW — Two of the greatest 

^ ussrian ^ory EffTraS 

®jgm pitted agamsr each other in an odd 

' _ remains of Czar Nicholas IL 
whose execution Lenin ordered in 1918 
“ e “ a government pathology lab in the 
pral aiy of ^^aterinburg. 

I There is a growing movement at feast 

^uong_ reformist poiiticians and mem-, 
bers.of the intelligentsia, to bury com- 
mumsm once and for all by unerring 
»-^nin m a less conspicuous place. Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin stirred things up last 
month by suggesting tfaai a referendum 
be held on the issue. 

■ The remains of the czar, souk mem- 
bers of his family, and four retainers, 
WCTe discovered in 1 991 in a ma^ grave 
in Yekaterinburg, where they were ex- 
^uted. Ever since, the Russian Ortho- 
oox Church, monarchists and other tra- 
ditionalists have been slowly paving the 
way to bury Nicholas II and his family 
™ Nvith due pomp and ceremony in the 
Romanov family crypt in the- Peter and 
Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg. 

; But formal plans to bury the remains 
of the royal family have been postponed 
at least twice. There are powerful in- 
terest groups who fear die political sym- 
bolism. Many people also remain op- 
posed to recognizing the last Romanov. 

; Those passions were vividly fflostrated 
on April 1 when the only major statue- 
honoring Nicholas II — put up last year 
on a barren field in northeastern Moscow 
i — was blown up with explosives. 

) A previously unknown group, which 
calls itself the Workers-Peasants Red 
jArmy — apparently after the official 
jj- name of the Soviet Army until 1946 — * 
> claimed responsibility, saying it .was an 
act of retaliation against those who 
wanted to bury Lenin, who died in 1924. 

- Communist leaden disavowed fee vi- 
olence, but, not surprisingly, they are 
vehemently opposed to any move to 
bury either leader. It is the notion of 
removing L enin from his bulletproof 
glass case that has them most upset. 

; While monarchists and church leaders 
are lobbying to have Czar Nicholas can- 
onized, some Communists are refash- - 
ioning the father of Bolshevism as a 
nobleman and even a secular saint to 
justify keeping him in his exalted po- 
rtion above ground on Red Square. 

At a recent news conference on the 
question of burying Lenin, the issue be- 


came tangled up in a discussion over 
whether embalming was contrary to the 
Russian Orthodox Church’s teachings. 

Some Lenin s u ppo rt ers argued that 
because some Russian princes and saints 
were buried above ground, Lenin should 
be, too. Lenin’s niece, Olga Ulyanova, 
74, who attended, was asked whetherber 
revolutionary uncle would have miwfed 
his followers’ trading onlns class rank or 
colt following to justify his presence on 
Red Square. “He himself had noble 
roots,” she said. 

Patriarch Aleksey II has avoided com- 


Km . 
0 BOG 


i SL Petersburg 


• RUSSIA 


Aral KAZAKSTAN 
Saa 

*7v? KYRGYZSTAN 


tnent on the sensitive issue of burying 
Lenin, but be has delicately suggested 
that the government do nothing that 
would further t rauma tize the Russian 
population. 

Ever since a pile of bones were dis- 
covered in a mass grave in Yekater- 
inburg, Russians have been debating 
what to do with them. It took years to 
convince skeptics that the re mams were 
those of the royal family. A commission 
of intellectuals, government officials 
and church leaders was created to re- 
solve the issue. 

The Russian Orthodox Church also 
created a separate commission to deter- 
mine whether the czar should be can- 
onized as a martyr. Those deliberations 
could take- years, but already icons of 
Nicholas II have popped up in markets 
around Moscow. 

Most Russians have accepted the 
bones in Yekaterinburg as belonging to 
members of tbe royal family. 

A British team of scientists, who 
compared DNA of the bones wife that of 
Prince Philip of Britain, a relative of 
Czarina Alexandra, identified them in 
1993 with “98.5 percent certainty.” 
Russian and American scientists con- 
firmed those results wife even greater 
conviction in 1995. But fee commission 
has not reached a final conclusion. 

“It’s fee endless commission,” said 


Eduard Radzinsky, a historian and play- 
wright who has written biographies of 
the czar and Stalin and who has lobbied 
intensely to bury fee czar. “It's a symbol 
of Russia. Everybody wants it, out for 
everybody it is impossible.' ’ 

He said fear some members still har- 
bored doubts about fee authenticity of 
the bones. 

Mr. Radzinsky said feat one priest had 
assured him fee bones could not truly 
have be fee czar’s because mo miracles 
had occurred since their recovery. 

“I feld him that fee very fact feat 
former Communist Party officials and 
Russian Orthodox priests are sitting on 
the same commission should be viewed 
as fee miracle,” Mr. Radzinsky said. 

But it is Lenin’s fate that seems to 
preoccupy ordinary Russians most. 

Alexandra Kuzina, 45, a chemist who 
was waiting in line on Red Square to pay 
her respects to Lenin, deplored any 
change. “Tbe mausoleum reminds me 
of a time when we were proud and 
strong,” she said. “It’s a symbol of all 
the good dungs embodied by the former 
Soviet Union.” 

Directly across Red Square, Svetlana 
Portuva, 28. disagreed as she emerged 
from the General Universal Magasin, fee 
department store that is now a looming 
symbol of Russian capitalism. 

“It should have happened a long time 
ago,” she said. “I mean, this person 
died, so be should be buried under- 
ground. How long can this go cm?” 

tomb donot want to lose tiehday jobs. 
“Is he bothering anyone by lying 
there?” asked one of them, Nikolai 
Yegorov, 30. “Anyway, if they close fee 
mausoleum there will be absolutely 
nothing to do on Red Square.” 

Mr. Radzinsky would like to see Len- 
in buried in Sl Petersburg, next to his 
mother. “Lenin should be buried wife 
doe respect as a great political leader,” 
Mr. Radzinsky said. “He is the exe- 
cutioner, but he is also a victim of tbe 
revolution. The man who dreamed of 
destroying the state created tbe most 
monstrous state in the world.” 

To members of fee communist-na- 
tionalist opposition, removing Lenin’s 
body from Red Square is not just a 
repudiation of Soviet rale. To some, 
communism is just slumbering, and Len- 
in. lying in his glass coffin like Sleeping 
Beanty. is keeping fee movement alive. 

Alexander Prokhanov, editor in chief 
of the nationalist, pro-communist news- 
paper Zavtra. pul it this way: 

“As long as Lenin is here, as long as 
this crystal lives, at any moment fee 
Soviet Union, the communist doctrine 
and the communist red reality can be 
restored.” 


Major Faces the ‘Sleaze 9 Issue 

LONDON — Prime Minister John Major, whose Con- 
servative Party's re-election campaign has been overshad- 
owed by charges of “sleaze,'' gave guarded support Wed- 
nesday to a legislator accused of taking money from 
business people m return for raising issues in Parliament. 

He said feat Conservatives in fee northwest England 
constituency of Neil Hamilton had fee right to choose Mr. 
Hamilton as the party candidate, adding. “I hope people 
will vote for him.” The nomination for the May 1 general 
election was approved by a 2- to- 1 margin Tuesday night in 
fee Tati on constituency. 

“Only if and when he is shown to have misbehaved — 
then he should face fee House of Commons, and the House 
of Commons should decide how to respond,” Mr. Major 
said. (API 

Slovakia Recalls Ambassador 

BRATISLAVA Slovakia — Slovakia, offended by com- 
ments by President Vaclav Havel of the Czech Republic 
about its prime minister, said Wednesday that it had recalled 
its ambassador to Prague for consultations. 

According to Slovak news organizations. Mr. Havel 
suggested in an interview wife the French daily Le Figaro 
feat Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar was paranoid. The 
context of Mr. Havel's remarks was that Mr. Meciar was 
oversensitive to Czech criticism of Slovakia. ( Reuters ) 

EU Institutions Cltxsh on Com 

STRASBOURG — The European Commission strongly 
criticized the European Parliament on Wednesday, saying it 
would disregard fee assembly's call for an end to tbe import 
of genetically engineered com. 

“There is no possibility to suspend the regulation." said 
Klaus van der Pas. a commission spokesman, referring to 
the authorization for imports of the grain, granted in Decem- 
ber to the Swiss company Ciba-Geigy. (AP) 

Scientologists 9 Case Is Rejected 

STRASBOURG — The European Commission of Human 
Rights on Wednesday threw out a discrimination case 



Dand Jcno/Agami Franoc-Pta«e 

Margaret Thatcher campaigning in Dorset. She sup- 
ported Mr. Hamilton, saying “nobody's perfect” 

brought by fee Church of Scientology against Germany, on 
the ground feat tbe sect had not exhausted domestic legal 
channels. Tbe commission decided not to pass on the case to 
the European Court of Human Rights. 

The Church of Scientology, which counts some 30,000 
followers in Germany, complained that the German gov- 
ernment considered it a commercial enterprise, rather man a 
religion. It also asserted that several German stales had 
taken measures to reduce its influence. (Reuters) 


In Poll, Most Germans Hope Kohl Loses 


Reuters 

BONN — A clear majority of German 
voters hope Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
will not be elected for a fifth term in next 
year’s general election, but expect it to 
happen anyway, an opinion poll released 
Wednesday indicated 

Mr. Kohl. 67, last week put an end to 
months of speculation by announcing 
that be planned to run again in the elec- 
tion, due in September or October 
1998. 

Hie poll by Infraiest Burke Berlin, 
released before its publication Thursday 
in the weekly Die Zeit. said 57 percent of 
Germans did not want Mr. Kohl re- 
elected. but 59 percent believed he 
would win. 

Sixty-three percent saw Mr. Kohl as 


fee strongest leadership figure, followed 
by fee premier of Lower Saxony, Ger- 
hard Schroeder of fee opposition Social 
Democrats, wife 20 percent, and the 
Social Democrats’ chaWian. Oskar La- 
fontaine, with 7 percent. 

Even supporters of the Social Demo- 
crats gave Mr. Kohl 48 percent, ahead of 
Mr. Schroeder. wife 32 percent, and Mr. 
Lafontaine. with 10 percent. 

German voters do not elect their head 
of government directly. As in other par- 
liamentary systems, he is chosen by ma- 
jority vote in the Bundestag. 

The popularity of Mr. Kohl's center- 
right coalition has slid in recent months, 
under pressure from high unemploy- 
ment and its difficulty in carrying out tax 
and pensions revisions. 


Of the 1,013 voters polled on April 7, 
41 percent said they would vote for the 
Social Democratic Party if an election 
were held this week, and 1 1 percent said 
they would vote for tbe party's likely 
coalition partners, tbe Greens. 

Thirty-five percent said they would 
vote for Mr. Kohl's Christian Democrats 
and 5 percent for their centrist coalition 
partners, the Free Democrats. 

■ Schroeder Leads a Foil 

Mr. Schroeder would be tbe Social 
Democrats' best candidate in 1998 in fee- 
view of nearly two-thirds of German, 
voters, according to an opinion poll pub- 
lished Wednesday by the weekly Die 
Woe he, Agence France-Presse reported 
from Brain. 




i'\« ;?»•» YJW iZiJlYill 

Sl'J lw.a>*. ill'- ItCf.il jr 




Patricia Wells 
At Home in Provence 

; Recipes Inspired by Her Farmhouse in France 



Hartlback. 384 pages. 75 Itouwolor pholograte. < 

Urtal bl^^ gnbuttc 

THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


For tbe past thirteen years. 
Patricia Wells has been carrying on a 
love affair not with an indMduai. but 
wife a region of France, a centuries-old 
stone farmhouse, and a cuisine. Now. 

In a cookbook feat captures fee soul of 
modern regional French cooking, fee 
award-winning journalist and author 
invites readers to share fee passion, 
fee Joy. and. best of all. fee cooking of 
her adopted borne. 

Provenoe is uniquely blessed wife 
natural beauty as well as some of fee 
worldfe mo6t appealing foods and liveli- 
est wines. Patricia^ culinary skills have 
transformed fee signature ingredients 
of this quintessential French country- 
side into recipes so satisfying and 
exciting they will instantly become part 
of yoat dally repertoire. 

Here are 175 recipes from 
Patricia’s farmhouse kitchen. As you 
read and cook from this book, gener- 
ously illustrated with the captivating 
color pictures of famed photographer 
Robert Freson. you will feel as if you 
have actually Joined Patricia Wells in 
her beloved stone farmhouse, and her 
passion for fee foods, flavors, and peo- 
ple of Provence will become yours. 

Patricia Wells has lived in France 
since 1 980. where she is fee restaurant 
critic for fee International Herald 
Tribune. She Is fee author of five best- 
selling books: The Food Lovers Guide 
to Paris , The Food Loverh Guide to 
France, Bistro Cooking, Simply French. 
and Patricia Wells' Trattoria. 


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PAGE 8 


THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 

EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Ueralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



(Eribune 


rUBUSHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Trust Can Return 


Violence threatens to overwhelm di- 
plomacy in the Middle East because 
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu and Palestinian leaner Yasser 
Arafat have undermined the trust that 
held together the peace. Trust can be 
restored, but it will take a concerted 
effort by Mr. Netanyahu, Mr. Arafat 
and President Bill Clinton. 

Monday's meeting between Mr. 
Clinton and Mr. Netanyahu was part of 
an American effort to get the two sides 
talking again after nearly a month of 
violence and escalating tension. The 
meeting produced no immediate pro- 
gress, apart from a renewed Israeli 
pledge to build Palestinian housing in 
Jerusalem. But Mr. Clinton pressed for 
additional steps to improve die eco- 
nomic condition of Palestinians. And 
he urged Israel to suspend the building 
of new settlements or the initiating of 
significant changes in Jerusalem while 
t alks with the Palestinians proceed. 

The Oslo agreements give Israel le- 
gal authority to govern Jerusalem and 
decide on its own the size of troop 
withdrawals in the West Bank. But that 
authority need not always be flaunted. 
The overriding concern for both sides 
should be to build trust and good faith 
in which disagreements can be peace- 
fully resolved at the bargaining table, 
not used as pretexts for violence. 

Mr. Netanyahu correctly notes that 
Israel has observed the legal require- 
ments of the Oslo accords. He has 
fulfilled Israel's commitments to puli 
back most of its troops from Hebron, 
release female Palestinian prisoners 
ami set a further limited withdrawal 
from rural areas of the West Bank. 

But Israel's compliance has not been 
accompanied by the kind of gestures 
and words that previously made the 
peace effort much more thaQ a series of 
specific actions. The power of the Oslo 
accords came in large measure from 


the compromises and occasional leaps 
of faith that made the agreements pos- 
sible, and from the cooperative spirit of 
Israeli and Palestinian leaders. 

Mr. Netanyahu has done his part to 
erode that spirit by humiliating Mr. 
Arafat. He has failed to consult with 
the Palestinian leader or even inform 
him in advance about Israeli decisions 
like the move to begin construction of 
the housing project in East Jerusalem. 

Mr. Arafat has not even bothered to 
fulfill many of his legal commitments 
under Oslo. He maintains an armed 
police force nearly double the size be 
agreed to. He has failed to complete the 
promised revision of the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization's charter to re- 
place language calling for Israel's de- 
struction. Most troubling, he has 
countenanced violent demonstrations, 
ordered his security forces to reduce 
cooperation with Israel and indulged 
leaders of Hamas and Islamic Holy 
War who urge suicide bombings. 

President Clinton and Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright cannot ma- 
gically produce trust between Mr. Net- 
anyahu and Mr. Arafat, or impose an 
agreement in its absence. But Wash- 
ington has great influence with both 
leaders that tt has not fully exercised. 

Mr. Netanyahu can be combative 
and difficult, as he made clear at a testy 
news conference in Washington. It 
cannot be easy for Mr. Clinton to jog 
him, but be most keep pressing him to 
take a more expansive approach to the 
peace effort and to be more forth- 
coming in his dealings with Mr. Arafat. 
The Palestinian leader could use a firm 
reminder from Mr. Clinton that vi- 
olence will destroy the peace and that 
anything short of a sustained campaign 
to prevent te r ro ri sm is insufficient 
Only steps like these can overcome the 
mistrust that now threatens the peace. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Stay On in Panama? 


The latest poll reaffirms that a huge 
majority of Panamanians wants U.S. 
troops to stay on past the year 2000 
treaty deadline for their departure. This 
may surprise many who recall the con- 
vulsive political battle of the 1 970s that 
ended in a U.S. agreement to turn over 
die canal, whose building is an Amer- 
ican legend, to Panama and to evacuate 
the American bases. 

Die canal is being turned over on 
schedule, bur the Pan amanian people 
would plainly prefer to retain die eco- 
nomic and security benefits of a con- 
tinuing American military role. This 
poses to die United States the ironic 
and awkward question, one that every- 
one had thought settled 20 years ago, of 
whether the troops should go or stay. 

The American decision of 1977 to 
ratify the several canal treaties indi- 
cated Washington's determination to 
deal with sovereign Latin states as 
equals. That principled position be- 
came die underpinning of U.S. foreign 
policy in the region. To revert to the old 
style of running bases would expose 
Washington to a challenge of its intent 
— and perhaps also to Panama’s next 
surge of nationalism. 

Yet it is evident that Americans de- 
fer more to Panama’s nationalism than 
do most Panamanians. The 16,000 ex- 
isting American-provided jobs, and 
their steadying of die investment cli- 
mate, matter to Panama. 

Having dissolved its army after the 
Manuel Antonio Noriega fiasco, 
Panama sees an American presence as 


helping it deal with the powerful drug 
cartels. And the cartels are not the only 
way the world has changed in 20 years. 
Latins and Americans no longer see 
each other with a Cold War fever. 
Integration, not alienation, is the dom- 
inant hemispheric note. 

In 1995 foe two presidents agreed to 
explore “potential benefits" from a 
“reduced post-1999 U.S. military 
presence." Under specific discussion 
is a facility that the two countries might 
set up at one of foe old American bases 
to perform counter-narcotics and per- 
haps other missions. Done die ngfat 
way, it could serve. 

The going is slow. Panamanian of- 
ficials are wary of provoking nation- 
alist elements. American officials hes- 
itate to push down a path that could 
become a political as well as a dip- 
lomatic nettle. But this is the year for 
die crucial decisions affecting future 
options. The closer foe two sides get to 
the year 2000 troop withdrawal dead- 
line. the harder the going will be. 

Panama's reluctance to take over the 
extensive and dearly maintained canal 
properties aggravates the problem. 
Some of the old crowd of American 
zone residents are stirring doubts about 
foe locals’ capacity to run and to en- 
large this still vital but increasingly 
stressed waterway. 

The clock is ticking. This is an odd 
situation that needs more attention and 
energy than it is getting from either 
government 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


To Save die Social Model 

For all its faults, the social model is 
deeply entrenched in Continental 
Europe. Germany’s economic perfor- 
mance since 1945 is sufficient testi- 
mony to the power of this tradition. 

The problem in most Continental 
countries is that labor costs are too high. 
So why can't a consensus now be es- 
tablished to lower them? The answer 
lies in a profound political and intel- 
lectual failure. Faced with the highest 
unemployment for decades, Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl's coalition has retreated 
down blind alleys that raise costs rather 
than lower them; unemployment can be 
dealt with, it has suggested, by job- 
sharing, limits on the working week, 
even by restricting overtime. 

It has been a pitifully inadequate 
response. Rulers have invested so 
much political capital in foe unpopular 
fiscal measures required for Europe's 


single currency that they have had 
nothing left over for jobs. But macro- 
economic belt-tightening at an awk- 
ward point in the business cycle is an 
entirely different matter from foe pain- 
ful, structural, microeconomic reforms 
that are needed to create jobs. On 
those, governments could have done 
more. They have chosen not to. 

That could prove a foolish choice. 
When monetary union comes into ef- 
fect, it will mean that local economic 
slowdowns can no longer be dealt with 
by local monetary policies and only in 
a limited way by lcrai fiscal measures. 
The brunt will be borne by foe labor 
market — which, if it is not flexible 
enough, will mean by unemployment 

If governments are to avoid the po- 
tentially disastrous consequences of 
that they need to start their reforms 
now — when the social model still 
stands a chance of being preserved. 

— The Economist (London). 



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Korean Reunification Is Closer Than You Think 


W ASHINGTON — Up to 100.000 
North Koreans may die from 
starvation and related diseases in the 
next four months, according to clas- 
sified U.S. intelligence estimates that 
have provoked a heated debate inside 
the Clinton administration. 

The estimates, assembled tty foe 
.Pentagon’s Defease Intelligence 
Agency, should force official Wash- 
ington to do what governments do most 
reluctantly and least successfully: to 
think foe unthinkable. Carefully cal- 
ibrated diplomatic strategies for con- 
taining and bringing change to North 
Korea over a period of years may sud- 
denly become worthless. 

Doubts about the ability of the iso- 
lated Communist regime to survive tins 
crisis have risen in recent days in Wash- 
ington, which is still committed to a 
“soft landing'' policy based on peace- 
ful, gradual change in North Korea. 

But North Korean officials startled 
visiting U.S. senators by hinting openly 
at conflicts within the regime, in con- 
versations earlier this month. And re- 
ports of a recent failed attempt on foe 
life of party leader Kim Jong II are 
termed “credible" by one U.S. of- 
ficial, who declined to provide details. 

The specter of turmoil or collapse in 
North Korea dominates the agenda of 


By Jim Hoagland 


the talks that Defense Secretary Wil- 
liam Cohen begins in Seoul this 
Thursday with South Korea’s leaders. 
Seoul fears that a sudden collapse in 
Pyongyang could trigger war or an 
economically devastating flood of 
refu-gees from foe North. 

Washington, Seoul and Tokyo are 
trapped in foe unenviable position of 
hoping for foe disappearance of the 
world's most belligerent irrational dic- 
tatorship. but wanting their wish not to 
be granted just yet 

Along with China, which has a direct 
interest in promoting the survival of a 
Communist-ruled buffer state on its 
border, the three allies are taking steps 
to bolster Kim Jong D’s rule as foe best 
alternative to the unknown. 

In private exchanges, China has as- 
sured foe United States that with hu- 
manitarian relief and fuel aid North 
Korea can ride out the food shortages 
caused by devastation from two years 
of floods. The sanguine estimates of the 
Chinese parallel those of foe CIA. 
which reportedly argues that foe 
Pentagon’s projections of starvation 
victims are alarmist 

The paucity of reliable information 


of unification to Seoul will grow every 
year, he argues persuasively- . 

Moreover, “a contmumg division of 
■Korea invites a compennye prohier- 
arion” of atomic, biological and chem- 
ical weapons in northeast Asia and 
invites Japan to opt for miclear (fcfense. 

The costs to the United Stales of gnard- 


— Pyongyang blocks the outside world 
from getting a clear picture of bow 
serious the food shortages really are. 
even as it appeals for more emergency 
aid — and foe internal divisions over 
analysis have blocked any major re- 
assessment of the soft landing policy. 

The core of that policy is to support 

what Nictate Eber^wndngm^ ® 

current issue of Foreign Affairs grow every y*=wjuj« H 
magayirw* , wiiit “foe prevailing con- succeed, Mr. Eberetadt con tinue s. 


sensus in Seoul: The South should try 
to plan for a reintegration with the 
North overa period of several decades, 
while the North reforms its polity and 
transforms its economy." 

Mr. Eberstadt, a researcher connec- 
ted with the American Enterprise In- 
stitute and Harvard, makes a provoc- 
ative argument that this vision “is 
today nothing more than a fantasy." As 
time goes on, “North Korea will only 
grow economically poorer and milit- 
arily more dangerous. For all parties 
affected, from foe peoples of northeast 
Asia to foe powers of NATO, the fester 
reunification takes place, the better." 

The North’s political and economic 
backwardness and the South’s eco- 
nomic dynamism mean that- “both the 
relative and foe absolute gap between 
the North’s and South’s per capita in- 
come wiU continue to witfen." The cost 


Like most of us, he is bearer ai de- 
scribing foe problem than at providing 
its solution. He does not claim to havea 
silver bullet But he does cogently sug- 
gest that Washington and Seoul begin 
thinkin g seriously and jointly about 

Korean reconcilMon now. 

Seoul could publicly spell out foe 
guarantees that could be provided to 
Northerners about their place m a 
united future. Washington should pfcan 
for the kind of clear, sustained dip- 
lomatic effort that the United States 
waged for German reunification. 

These steps are officially unthink- 
able now because they implicitly ac- 
knowledge that diplomatic strategy is 
being overtaken by the rush of events. 
But the pace and direction of that rush 
— — toward quick Korean reunification 
— become maze apparent every day. 

The Washington Post. 


It’s High Time to Prepare the Post- Castro Transition in Cuba 


I 


M IAMI — It is here, in 
“Little Havana” along 
CalleOcho (Eighth Street), more 
than in Washin gton, that policy 
toward Cuba is shaped. There 
have been important changes on 
both sides of the water that sep- 
arates the U nited States from 
Cuba in foe nearly two gener- 
ations since Fidel Castro won bis 
revolution, but U.S. policy has 
wily grown harsher. 

The political power de- 
veloped by the exile commun- 
ity determines Washington’s 
adamant stance, to die point of 
outraging America’s friends and 
allies with the Helms-Burton 
law, which would punish some 
of their dealings with Cuba. 

The assumption is that die 
exiles can wreak revenge on 
any U.S. politician who offends 
them, and cost Florida's sub- 
stantial vote in presidential 
elections. It has never been put 
to a real test and signs are ac- 
cumulating that it isn't true any- 
more, if it ever was. But so far 
the assumption outweighs se- 
rious calculation of basic Amer- 
ican national interest and pro- 
duces the anomaly of long 
outliving the Cold War and the 
Soviet threat 


By Flora Lewis 


The question about Cuba now 
is not Mr. Castro’s intentions 
but when and especially how he 
will go and how foe successor 
regime will be formed. There is 
no doubt that his lengthy dic- 
tatorship is doomed. But it will 
make a big difference if it is 
followed by a Czech-type “vel- 
vet revolution" or by violence 
and upheaval. 

For foe United States, as for 
the great majority of Cubans, 
the need is for a reasonably 
smooth transition that offers the 
best prospects for a good neigh- 
borly relation in the future. That 
would mean, however, that the 
new regime will arise from foe 
new generation inside Cuba, 
and foe exile leaders will not be 
foe ones to gain power. 

Their interest is to provoke a 
situation where the United States 
would feel obliged to intervene 
and therefore help them install 
themselves. The experience of 
Haiti leaves no doubt that foe 
United States would send the 
Marines if disorder. made. that, 
seem necessary, despite the in- 
evitably terrible reaction in Latin 
America and the rest of the 


world and foe added burden cm 
the bad legacy of history. 

This produces an apparent 
conflict between U.S. policy in- 
terests and foe short-term in- 
terest of American politicians 
heeding foe angry rejection of 

any kind nf “nn rmalr>afinn “trv- 

ward Cuba from exile leaders. 

Two trivial recent incidents 
show how vigilant and assertive 
the exile establishment can be. 
One was the foreed ouster of a 
local Spanish-language radio 
station manager because be 
played recordings of a Cuban 
musical group railed Van van. 
His reason for using the music 
was not at all political but be- 
cause younger people in foe 
Miami audience liked it 

Another was the outburst 
against the Baltimore Orioles 
baseball team’s willingness to 
play some demonstration 
games in Havana. 

People who refused to dis- 
approve of such minor contacts 
were denounced as “traitors," 
“Communists” and such. There 
have been fire bombings and 
death threats, as well as effective 
retribution on jobs and business 


op p ortunities, against those who 
don’t uphold the insistence on 
rigjd hostility to Cuba. 

The Cuban American Na- 
tional foundation,, the im- 
mensely vigorous lobby run by 
Jorge Mas Canosa, maintains a 
climate which critics say im- 
poses a reign of fear and terror 
no less than foe Castro regime 
on its territory. 

They consider Mr. Mas 
Panpgfl as just as authoritarian 
in his style and ambitions as Mr. 
Castro. He and his coterie have 
acquired very big amounts of 
money, raising allegations of 
large-scale corruption. 

Some Miami opponents say 
r unning the “anti-Castxo in- 
dustry’’ here is so lucrative that 
even if Mr. Mas Canosa never 
gets to go to Cuba and take 
power, he finds maintaining the 
status quo well worthwhile. 

But the community is not 
what it used to be. Immigrants 
who came well after the rev- 
olution are not foe same kind of 
people as the early wave. There 
is a new generation comfortable 
in America, and foe expectation 
is that not more than 10 to 20 
percent would want to gofiack 
to a do-Castroized Cuba. 


Further, the Hispanic popu- 
lation of Miami has changed 
with immigration from Central 
and South America, and they 
resent the preachy and, they 
say, greedy Cubans. People 
with Cuban backgrounds now 
represent 60 percent of local 
Hispanics, compared with 85 
percent some years ago. 

It is likely that easing the 
restrictions on travel, remit- 
tances and at least cultural ecu- j, 
tacts would be popular, despite * 
the certain fury it would bring 
from Mr. Mas Canosa's group. 
He is rumored to be gravely ill, 
and be runs such a tight raw- 
man show that nobody can 
guess what would happen if he 
disappeared. 

In any rase, Washington is 
deeply bogged down in its hos- 
tility to Cuba just when it should 
be looking to develop a peaceful 
transition and future ties. East- 
ern Europe has shown that or- 
ganizing after communism is not 
easy and needs to be p r epar ed. 

Current U_S. policy is cutting 
off its nose to spite its face, to the 
benefit of none but a small group 
of self-serving die-hards arid at 
foe risk' of worse trouble ahead. 

O Flora Lewis. 


Japanese Failure? No, Continued Success Looks More Likely 


T OKYO — Outside Narita 
airport, a green-uniformed 
youth stamps your ticket stows 
your luggage and then bounds 
aboard foe downtown bus to 
bow and thank you for your pat- 
ronage. This provides an rally 
clue that foe vaunted steamroller 
of globalization has yet to flatten 
every unique aspect of Japan's 
political economy. 

Other signs appear in short 
order foe hotel bellhop who 
refuses a tip, the tiny mom-and- 
pop tofu makers foal still dot 
Tokyo's neighborhoods, the 
news that Toyota’s chairman 
has offered his workers more 
than t hei r union demanded. 

All of these might have been 
taken, five or six years ago, as 
proof of japan’s superiority — 
of its work ethic, pride in ser- 
vice, neighborhood cohesion 
and cooperative management- 
labor relations. Today they are 
more likely to be seen as signs of 
Japan's failure — its failure to 
adapt to foe American model of 
ruthlessly efficient capi talism, 
no w heralded as foe rally road to 
success in an increasingly un- 
forgiving global economy. 

But today's rather self-sat- 
isfied predictions of Japanese 


By Fred Hiatt 


eclipse may turn out to be more 
wrong than the alarmist warn- 
ings of imminent Japanese 
dominance that were being 
sounded so recently. 

There is no question but that 
the Japanese model is under 
strain, symbolized by the home- 
less men who now seem to in- 
habit every neighborhood park. 

Developed during Japan’s re- 
markable postwar boom, Japan 
Inc. was generally believed by 
foe late 1980s ready to conquer 
foe world. The model featured a 
close relationship between 
business and bureaucracy, a 
protected home market from 
which Japanese companies 
could comfortably stage their 
foreign invasions, and a pattern 
of interlocking ownership that 
allowed Japanese firms to take a 
long-term view — in sharp con- 
trast it was said back then, to 
Wall Street’s destructive, quar- 
terly report mentality. 

In 1992 foe “bubble" burst 
Stock and real estate markets 
crashed, the economy stopped 
growing. Japanese tycoons no 
longer gobbled up Hollywood 
uos and Impressionist art 


What Japan Needs Is Freer Markets 

A DECADE ago. Japan was cast as a juggernaut destined to pass 
America as foe richest nation. By now it is probable that this 
will never happen. The U.S. economy has just completed its sixth 
year of expansion; Japan limps along. Since 1991. U.S. economic 
growth (nearly 14 percent) is more than twice Japan’s (6 percent). 

The moral is foe importance of microeconomics. Success often 
depends on how individual markets — for products, labor and 
investment — work. Or don’t 

Until recently, economists thought that governments could 
control growth through “macroeconomics" — shifts in interest 
rates, taxes and budget surpluses or deficits. What we have learned 
is that these tools confer only limited power. 

If markets don't operate well, neither will foe economy. Europe 
has already shown this. Its labor markets, characterized by rigid 
wages and generous jobless benefits, have raised unemployment to 
double-digit levels. Now Japan confirms foe lesson. 

By standard macroeconomic indicators, Japan ought to be boom- 
ing. Interest rates are low. Budget deficits have been rising. In 1996 
foe U.S. deficit equaled about 1.6 percent of GDP; in Japan the 
deficit was 4.1 percent. Trillions of yen went for public works 
projects (roads, bridges, arenas) to spur the economy. The fact that 
Japan resorts to easy monetary policy and lax fiscal policy confirms 
that its feeble domestic markets cannot generate strong expansion. 

What we call “foe economy” is producing and consuming, 
buying and selling. Condi lions must exist for people and companies _ 

to make mutually advantageous bargains. The ‘ ‘market* ' is merely Courtis, Deutsche Bank's chief 
foe word describing this process. If it is obstructed, economic economist and a perpetual 
growth suffers. The effect of high and rigid prices is to disarm booster of Japan's prospects. In 
consumer spending as a powerful force for economic growth. Asia, North America and 

What Japan really needs is freer markets. Even the Japanese now 
admit that something is wrong. Their latest economic enthusiasm 
is ’‘deregulation." But do they really understand why it is im- 
portant? Only if markets are given a chance to work will foe 
economy be able lo grow. 

— Robert J. Samuelson, commenting in The Washington Post. 


Within foe industrial demo- 
cracies’ triumvirate of econom- 
ic models — Continental 
Europe, Japan and U.S.-Britain 
— foe last seemed clearly su- 
perior, creating millions of jobs 
while foe others tread water. 
Deregulation, entrepreneurship 
and venture capital were hailed. 
The U.S. model paid lip service 
to equality of opportunity but 
scorned Japan's attempts at 
equality of result Japanese bu- 
reaucrats went from heroes to 
goats, and foe cozy system of 
managed competition and long- 
term planning was suddenly de- 
clared unfit for the modem era. 

This cartoooish view of Ja- 
panese failure appeals to many 
who feared foe Japanese, bin 
also is fed by many Japanese 
themselves. With an almost 
Puritan work ethic, a cur- 
mudgeon's suspicion of success 
and a fear of standing out, many 
Japanese seem to take tbetr fell 
from grace as divine justice. 

“We were so euphoric, so 
self-conceited and so ignorant as 
to what was happening in foe 
information age," Yukio Oka- 
raoto, a diplomat turned con- 
sultant, said last week. One of 
Japan's most astute observers. 
Mr. Okamoto professed himself 
“quite pessimistic" about the 
economy — ‘ ‘worse even titan it 
seems on the surface,’ ’ he said. 

But what does pessimism 
mean in the Japanese context? 

It is possible that Japan really 
has entered a long period of 
decline, eventually to be over- 
taken and marginalized by 
China. But it is not likely. Amer- 
ica’s current fascination with 
the Chinese market notwith- 
standing, and despite China’s 
extraordinary growth during foe 
past decade, its economy is 
about one-eighfo the size erf Ja- 
pan's. That means that China’s 
economy can grow by 9 percent 
as it did last year, and still fell 
further behind Japan, which 
grew by about 3 percenL 

The sector of Japan’s eco- 
nomy that competes abroad — 
the Toyotas. Toshibas and 
Sonys — “has probably never 
been stronger.’’ says Keane th 


of Japan’s economy stagnates 

— the overregulated, ineffi- 
cient service sector and foe 
overprotected manufacturers 
who don’t compete abroad 

mg. Under this scenario, foe 
Toshibas and Toyotas will in- 
creasingly move overseas to es- 
cape Japan’s high costs, becom- 
ing more global and less 
Japanese in foe process. Japan’s 
rapidly aging population (with 
little immigration to replenish 
the work force) also will en- 
courage this trend. 

It is happening slowly so far 

— Japan’s overseas production 
represents a much smaller share 
of its economy titan America’s 

— but it w HI gain speed, absent 
real deregulation. And so fer, 
despite reform rhetoric from 
every political party, Japan has 
not shown the will for dereg- 
ulation, with the pain it implies 
for small farmers, shopkeepers 
and (not least) bureaucrats. 

The government's long, 
fussy lists of proposed dereg- 
ulatory actions testify mostly to 
bureaucrats’ determination to 
keep control. Last week's of- 
fering of 870 items included, 
among other radical measures, 
allowing convenience stores to 
sell vitamins. 

A third scenario also remains 
possible: that Japan reshapes it- 
self sufficiently to remain 


powerful and prosperous. Re- 
form inevitably would jeopard- 
ize some virtues of Japan's 
unique system — the security rif,| 
lifetime employment say -j- - 
but it would not be likely to turn 
Japan into another America. I 
Twice before in the modem 
era, Japan has managed to swal- 
low huge changes white remain- 
ing essentially Japanese. Dej- 
spite the current mood of 
American triumphalism, ncjt 
every country will converge to Ja 
single model of capitalism, even 
in this more interconnected er^. 

A few years from now, in 
feet the current triumphalism 
may seen a bit overstated. Thje 
U.S. model, after ail, features 
worker anxiety, modest growth 
levels and a ruthlessly neglected 
underclass, while the economy 
grew faster in “failed” Japan 
last year than in any other Grouj) 
of Seven country, according to 
projections by the OECD. } A 
With a bank crisis still locat- 
ing, Japan has yet to turn its last 
comer. But with low unemplojj- 
meot and crime rates, reiativje 
equality and universal education, 
it remains a society that works Up 
fundamental ways. Even gloomy 
Mr. Okamoto says he expects 
Japan to take off again after “ja 
few more years.” Then be si gh s 
deeply, as if that were an almost 
unbearable wait | 

The Washington Past. ■ 


Europe, Japanese competition 
is becoming more fearsome, not 
Jess, and Japan’s trade surplus is 
surging again. 

It is possible that this export 
sector will thrive while the nest 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AM) 50 YEARS AGOj 

der of New Yorit.His r 
asks for the supplying 
chine-guns, armo red motor-4 
cars and an observation post oil 
every road crossing the border, 
which, he believes, is the onfy 
way to halt “dings, gunmen 
and ex-convicts" fro m rushing 
rum-laden automobiles across 
the border every ni ght. j 

1947: Be rlin Manhurit 

BERLIN — The . Big Fotjr 
powers in Berlin, aided by 
5,000 German police, spread ,a 
dragnet across - this eigbfh- 
laxgest city in the world in the 
greatest manhun t Berlin has 
known since the Russian search 
for A dolf Hitler. Major General 
Frank A. Keating, American 
MUifety Governor in Berlin, 
said targets were Russian arid 
American Army deserter^, 
black-marketeers, war crimin- 
als and any persons illegally in 
die city. The rotmdmp wOl la$t 
twenty-four hours- . i 


1897: Bucket Shops 

NEW-YORK — {The Herald 
says in an Editorial:] The result 
of die Herald’s investigations of 
the bucket shops was very curi- 
ous. Like the jarring of a 
spider’s web, when one part was 
touched the whole fabric began 
to rock, and tremendous com- 
motion ensued among bankers 
and brokers and men with in- 
fallible systems for w inning 
other people’s money by spec- 
ulating in grain or stocks. A 
great many of these human 
spiders were evidently working 
in concert and sp innin g a gr- 


im all over the country. 

1922: Battling Booze 

WASHINGTON — Prohibi- 
tion Director Day,, of New 
York, has asked the Federal 
Government to adopt military 
measures to end the flood of 
liquor across the Canady 5^ 





ion 


5 War on Smugness 
In the Anti-Drug Fight 

' By A. ML Rosenthal 

? -N ^e Y( fera~wriw Clec ^, 1 ^ ^ war - 1 «# folly 

* drugs and the a ^ oaI £i^li^mHi«naJs£nHagth,d^ 

•O :S^^^iT I ifL bcen own^foundationnetwSrnirdie 

J *=•■ ' every vejw *nA ^*68®* feet that by grants it reached into 

’ friendsacross the country, widely 

i.vaned tat united by thebeiieftb* 

**’?!!!? ad J Cb0a » “ American 
plague that must be fought by 
every legal technique ftomteach- 

therapy to jad time and 

iw«h the passion, intellect and en- 
’ r ‘ r 31 America can muster 

• •,.• :when it understands a danger is 

; ctoaj , present and continuing 
' ‘j. 1 *” 8 colunm is for them — 

' those professional therapists, po- 
i^ce officers, doctors, lawyers, 

; teachers, politicians who entered 
\ struggle, and those Americans 

.who give their time, money and 
; emotion not because drugs are re- 
’ laled to their work bat because of 

• [the danger ofnaxcotics to the mind 

-- ; i and safety of the nation, 

■ But this is not a thank -you note 

; at all. The purpose is to wring the 
Ismugness out of (he anti-drug 
: movement — - mine included. 

We know the drug war is not 
lost but being won. We know that 
except for marijuana among chil- 
dren, a dangerous except, drug 
abuse is going down; 10 million 
fewer users now than in 1985. We 
‘know that without the drug war 
-we would be drowning in more 
'addiction and therefore mare 
crimes and disease the coun- 
try has known. 

But this is to warn my friends 
-that the determination to fight 
drugs actively is being drained 
'weakened and that we must start 
exacting a price from those who 
are doing tL The price is expo su re, 
followed by withdrawal of social, - 
peer and professional respect, the 
only penalty they fear. 

I am not interested now in try- 
ing to turn around Americans who 
finance or propagandize for the lie - about 
that the dnig war is lost, or push the use of 
measures dot would lead to more 
use of drugs. 

When the time comes that they 
: offer narcotics to their own cbil- 

■ dren, or forgo the therapy and 
attention that their money and 
status can buy for their children, 
then X may try again to take their 
minds out of the deep freeze of 
their own selfishness. 

X used to thmk maybe we anti- 
drug types paid too much atten- 
tion to die minority of detractors 



* 


not understand the extent to which 
so many mteBectualshad, walked 
away from Che struggle or used 
thefr influence to demean it — and 
were getting away fat and free. 

The Arizona and California 
victories for the marijuana “med- 
icaHzation” propositions were 
bugles. The key players were the 
finan cier George Soros and his 
money. He and the foundations he 
created plan to use their power to 
win “medicalization” primaries 
all over the country. 

But no criticism of Mr. Soros 
came from the White House. Jour- 
nalists rushed to defend him. The 
use of money does not have to be 
illegal to be contemptible or dam- 
age the country. 

Please note that in my list of 
anti-drag comrades, journalists 
and writers are absent 
- When ABC recently ran a 
monthlong series of programs and 
spots stressing the need for parents 
to talk to children about drugs, the 
journalistic responses were em- 
barrassingly anti-intellectual 
sneers that the last program got 
“only” 4 million viewers and tri- 
umphant proclamations the 
drug war was lost, good riddance. 

Government and organization- 
al anti-drag money is targeted for 
law enforcement, interdiction and 
therapeutic work. With liar Jess 
money —a relatively few million 
— the backdoor legalizes can di- 
rect their work to win “medi- 
calizaticm” p f ima riw! nnd to de- 
nounce ail who oppose them. 

Yes, parents must talk to chil- 
dren about drug use. But parents 
mtigt also talk to thwm, and par- 
ticularly to other parents, about the 
propaganda against the drug war. 

is that can spread 
without taking the 
responsibility for it They should 
talk about the foundations involved 
and their subcontractors, and about 
journalists and intellectuals who 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


PAGE 9 


OPINION/LETTERS 


will not take more money to 
talk and write about these things, 
or pot them into anti-drug ads, just 
enough courage to expect nasty 
counterattack. Maybe one day the 
White House might work up that 
much, too. 

The New York Tima. 


From Har Homa to Gaza: A Middle East Vacation 


By Hope KeDer 


O N A BLUSTERY afternoon, 
just after the rain has 

tflF^Har Homa. It's closer to 
Bethlehem than downtown West 
Jerusalem, a bare hillside (hat (he 
Arabs call Jabal Abu Gbneim 
and that the Israelis have picked 
as the site for a new Jewish hous- 
ing project The bulldozers are 

MEANWHILE 

supposed to start any minute; the 
showdown is about to begin. 

I hadn't planned on being here 
in this Inner wind, wearing bei ge 
slacks now spattered with dot. 
After an absence of 13 years I'd 
come back to Israel, where I'd 
lived for a year, for a much- 
needed rest — in hindsight not the 
most intelligent of vacation plans. 
Td been in Jerusalem an hour 
when, my elementary Hebrew re- 
surfacing. I understood from a taxi 
radio max the bulldozers were 
about to start. 

How to resist? I told the driver 
to go to Har Homa. 

The ground is thick mud, but 
clear pools glisten in die hollows 
of rocks on the way up the hill, 
which is circled by Israeli sol- 
diers. At the top, r e po rt er s, pro- 
testers, more soldiers. Palestini- 
an police and the occasional 
di gnit ary mill around, SO me tak- 
ing shelter from the blast behind 
a small stone house. The wind 
tears at the Palestinian flags and a 


Cell phones are going off like 
crickets; false alerts run through 
the crowd. The bulldozers are 
coming. The surveyors are here. 
Netanyahu’s called another meet- 
ing- People wander to the hill's 
edge to scan below. On the way 
here we passed die bulldozers, 
mounted on flatbed trucks with an 
army escort, ready to move out. 

But now the journalists are 
getting bored. Some begin bead- 
ing back down so I follow, over 
the low stone wails that terrace 
the hillside. 

Driving our through the Israeli 
checkpoint and down the road 
again, we come upon the flatbed 
trucks, empty now. Here, at the 
base of the hill — in an area 
screened from the summit by 
pines — is where the action is. 

A big Caterpillar rears forward 
and makes the first gouge in the 
earth, carving a brown trench. 
Helicopters buzz overhead, and 
the entourage of army vehicles 
blocks the road. TV crews and 
photographers scramble into the 
field to get the picture. 

• 

Three days later. I’ve just 
boarded a bus in Tel Aviv to go 
back to Jerusalem when the radio 
announces that a bomb has gone 
off in a Tel Aviv cafe. 

Israeli intelligence services 
had warned that construction on 
Har Hama would trigger Arab 
violence. Now, Benjamin Netan- 
yahu says Yasser Arafat has giv- 
en a “green light” to Hamas to 
resume terror attacks against Is- 





met. The Palestinian leader 
denies this, and Hamas is silent, 
not issuing its trademark state- 
ment of responsibility. 

A few days later. I ask a friend 
to recommend a restaurant for 
dinner. He begins to name a 
place, then stops. 

“I can’t tell you to go any- 
where,” he apologizes. “I can't 
have thai on my head.” 

• 

Another journalist and I go to 
Gaza City to cry to talk to the 
Hamas political leaders. It’s a 
chaotic, dusty town, with con- 


struction crews busy on the west 
end, near the sea, where money 
channeled to Mr. Arafat's 
Palestinian Authority is being 
conspicuously spent. 

Mahmoud Zahar; a physician 
and Hamas spokesman, has noth- 
ing to say about the Tel Aviv 
suicide bombing. 

“I have no statement about 
what happened. I'm not going to 
tell anybody.” 

Was the bomber a Hamas 
member? “Yes.” 

Was Hamas responsible? 
“Maybe.” 


His office is a small ground- 
floor room on a back street, old- 
fashioned: an examining table, a 
scale, a glass-fronted medicine 
cabinet and the desk where be 
sits. 

Why no statement? “That's 
our evaluation. No comment.” 
But he indicates more violence 
should be expected: “No country 
ever established itself without 
sacrifices. What we are doing is 
serving our goal.” 

He rises to see us to the door. 
Outside, his patients are wailing. 

Inierruiional Herald Tribune. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Jerusalem’s Status 

The status of Jerusalem is 
neither a purely Palestinian nor 
Arab issue. It is an Islamic issue 
of crucial im portance to 
Muslims. 

A lack of accommodation of 
Muslim religious feelings and his- 
torical political interests in this 
regard would have far-reaching 
consequences. 

Regrettably. Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu's policy 
on Jerusalem is vindicating the 
“clash of civilizations” thesis 
of tire Harvard scholar Samuel 
Huntington, with whom I dis- 
agree but whom Mr. Netanyahu 


seems bent on proving right. 

GAJLAN M. RAMIZ. 

Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. 

A Plan for Peru 

The Tupac Amaru rebels 
bolding 72 hostages at the 
Japanese Embassy residence in 
l.nna are Peruvian citizens trying 
to call attention to the miser- 
able poverty of many of their 
countrymen. 

Neither President Alberto 
Fujimori nor his predeces- 
sors have done anything about 
matter. But while the 
government may not care, the 
people do. 


President Fujimori should go 
back to Cuba and ask Fidel 
Castro to grant asylum not just 
to the rebels but also to their 
400-plus comrades now held in 
Peru's jails. 

There is no other possible 
solution except the use of force, 
which would result in loss of life 
among the hostages and their 
captors and otherwise solve noth- 
ing. 

Then the Tupac Amaru mem- 
bers should be permitted to return 
to their country to form a legit- 
imate political party, able to fight 
legally to end their countrymen's 
affliction. 

Only then will Peru be able 


to claim that it is a democratic 
country. 

EDUARDO SCHAMESOHN. 

Annemasse, France. 

Old Mystery 

Regarding “ The Disappear- 
ance of Jim Thompson ’* (March 
26): 

I would like to add the following 
to the story about the American silk 
magnate who disappeared myster- 
iously in Malaysia 30 years ago. 

Soon after Mr. Thompson's 
disappearance, the French ambas- 
sador to Malaysia raised the issue 
with one of Malaysia’s Chinese 
community leaders. 


“And what,” replied the latter, . 
“if he had been run over and 
killed, and the driver had taken 
fright, buried him in the jungle and 
told only his closest friends?” 

For Newsweek. I later went 
to Malaysia’s Cameron High- 
lands to try to retrace Mr. 
Thompson's steps. The narrow, 
winding roads, bordered by thick 
jungle and frequented by speed- 
ing vehicles, made walking a 
hazard. 

Was the Chinese patriarch try- 
ing to convey a message? The 
French ambassador certainly 
thought so. 

EDWARD BEHR. 

Ramatuelle, France. 


More Li! 


>: 




si 



Rio + 5: Signals of Change 


World Business Council 
for Su stainable Development 

FOURTH IN A SERIES 

Five years have elapsed since the summit 
in Rio in 1992. Today, governments, 

BUSINESSES AND CONSUMERS ARE MORE AWARE 
THAN EVER OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. 

In the 1960s and 1970s, “save the planet” was the 
rallying cry of environmentalists. At the same time, 
another group of activists lobbied for the equal dis- 
tribution of wealth between nations. These contra- 
dictory calls were messages that industry could not 

easily relate to or act upon. As a result, business was 

seen as the cause of environmental problems, and 
political leaders were unsure about how to take 
action. 

The road to Rio: environment on the agenda 
In a milestone event, business leaders, governments 
and nongovernmental organizations met in 1992 at 
ihe Earth Summit in Rio to lay the foundations fora 
unique approach to the environment; Agenda 21. 
For the first time, society recognized that business 
could play a leading role in helping to achieve sus- 


tainable development Responding to environmen- 
tal issues was both a challenge and an opportunity. 
It was a challenge for businesses to align their prac- 
tices with foe aspirations encapsulated in the phrase 
“sustainable development” - meeting the needs of 
foe present without compromising the needs of 
future generations. But above all, it was an opportu- 
nity for companies to take the lead in finding 
answers. 

Eco-efBciency - producing more with fewer 
resources and less pollution - is certainly one of 
these new ideas that can bring about change and 
help achieve sustainable development 

Talcing stock of the environment 
Five years after the Rio summit, environmental 
issues have become more important than ever to 
companies, governments and society in general In 
June, the United Nations General Assembly Special 
Session will meet in New York, and the World 
Business Council for Sustainable Development will 
be these to show government leaders and others the 
progress its members have made on meeting the 
goals of Agenda 21. There is no doubt that business, 
perhaps more than any other shareholder, will have 
many examples of positive change to show. 

Business takes the lead 

In the report “Signals of Change: Business Progress 
Towards Sustainable Development," foe WBCSD 
examines foe breadth of activity under way. 

In just five years, business has converted the prin- 
ciples of sustainable development into practical 
ideas. It has devised new tools to use fewer 
resources and less energy, and to cut waste and pol- 
lution; it has broken the “green wall” and made 
environmental management a key part of its strate- 


gies; it has moved from narrow lobbying to open 
and voluntary discussions with key sectors of soci- 
ety. In short, business has dearly shown thai caring 
for the environment makes good business sense. 

All these actions are “signals of change.” and they 
add up to an identifiable change in course. They sig- 
nal a paradigm shift in the way business does busi- 
ness. It is a shift from a fractured view of environ- 
mental and development issues to a holistic view of 
business and sustainable development These shifts 
are occurring at different speeds in different places, 
and different industries have set their own priorities 
for sustainable development — but changes are defi- 
nitely under way. 

Trends toward sustainability 
Trends suggest that business will need to pay more 
attention to sustainable development to remain 
competitive. Banks and insurers will follow more 
closely the eco-efficiency of a company, investors 
will increasingly reward responsible companies and 
nonpolluting technologies, and tougher enforce- 
ment of regulations seems likely in the future. In 
addition, the media and consumers are becoming 
too sophisticated to allow companies to pretend: 
They expect real corporate action on environmental 
issues. The WBCSD is a testimony to this change. 

The road ahead 

Business cannot act alone, however. Sustainable 
development is a process that requires commitment 
from all sectors of society. Policy makers must work 
with business to devise frameworks that allow real- 
istic goals to be developed and met Business is 
playing its role and will continue to do so. Society 
can move toward sustainable development as soon 
as it declares that it really wants to. 


What Is the WBCSD? 

■ • . ‘ *»■ -sfi 

The. World Business CouncH for Sustataabfe-- ■ 
Development is a business group of 122^cdm-' 
pantos from 37 countries that share a ' cbm- = 
mltmerit to . the environment and the principles v 
of economic growth and sustainable develop-" 
merit. Ft encourages high standards of emfc.;. 
ronmental man foment in business. 

The WBCSD also benefits from a regional net*' 
work located in developing countries and coun* v . 
tries in transition, representing.more than. 600 
business leaders. v! ; 

The WBCSDaims at developing closer cooper- . 
ation between business, governments,' non- • 
governmental and other organizations con* 
cemed with sustainable development. 


The Report 


“Signals of Change: Business Progress 
Towards Sustainable Development" was written 
by three leading industrialists who have demon- 
strated their environmental commitment: 
Stephan Schmldheiny, chairman of Anova; 
Rodney Chase, managing director of British 
Petroleum; and Uvio DeSimone, chairman and 
chief executive officer of 3M and chairman of 
the WBCSD. 

The report records the progress business has 
made toward sustainable development, focus- 
ing on the practical experiences of WBCSD 
member companies and national BCSDs. 
Copies, priced at £10, may be obtained from 
E&Y Direct: fax: (44 1202) 661999. Please 
contact E&Y for a complete list of WBCSD pub- 
lications. 


The Members of WBCSD 

3M • ABB Asea Brown Boveri • AizoNobd 


Assurances Generates de France ■ 

Nasional • Bewac • BG • BOC Group 
British P< 

Company 
Metalurgia 


Nasional • Bewac ^ 

British Petrokum ■ Broken Hffl Fropnetaiy 
, /oup\ ■ CAEM3 Minera$ao e 

iJ^^nkolov* China Petrochemical 
r^on-Cliffoni Chance • COGEMA • 
£££«*■ Company • Dan Heads - 


Danfbss • De lima & Oa * Defoitfe Touche 
Tohmatsu Internationa] • Dow * DuPont * 
Eastman Kodak • EBARA * Environmental 
Resources Management Group • ESKOM • 
FALCK Group • Fiat * Fletcher Challenge • 
Fundacidn Juan March * Garovaglio y 
Zorraquin • Gazprom • General Motors • 
Gerling-Konzera Insurances • Glaxo 
Wellcome • Grapo IMSA • Hemeken • Heinz 
Wattie ♦ Henkel * Hitachi • Hoechst * 
Hoffinarm-La Roche * Imperial Chemical 


Industries * Indonesian Forest Community • 
Interface • International Paper Company • 
Inti Katya Persada Tfehnik • Itochu 
Corporation * John Laing • Johnson & John- 
son • Johnson Matthey • Kajima • Kansai 
Electric Power • Kikkoman ■ Kvaerner • 
Lafarge • LG Group * Mitsubishi Corpora- 
tion • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation * 
Monsanto • National Westminster Bank • 
NEC Corporation • Neste Oy • Nestle • 
Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corporation 


• Noranda • Norsk Hydro • Novartis • Novo 
Nordisk • Ontario Hydro • Philips 
Electronics • Pirelli • PUVA • PowerGen ■ 
Procter & Gamble • Rhdne-Poulenc • Rio 
Doce International • RTZ-CRA • Saga 
Petroleum • Samsung Electronics • S,C. 
Johnson & Son • Scudder, Stevens & Clark • 
Seiko Group • SGS Soridtf Gdtferale de 
Surveillance • SGS-THOMSON Microelec- 
tronics • Shell Internationa] • SHV Holdings 

• Skanska • Sonae Investimantos • Sony • 


SOPORCEL • Statoii • Stora • Storebrand • 
Sulzer ■ Swiss Bank Corporation • Taiwan 
Cement Corporation • Texaco • Thai Fanners 
Bank • Tokyo Electric Power Company • 
Toshiba • Toyota • TransAlta • Unilever • 
UFM-Kymmene • Vattenfall • Volkswagen • 
Waste Management International * Westvaco 
Corporation * Weyerhaeuser * White Martins 
• WMC • Xerox • Yasuda Fire & Marine 
Insurance Company * Zurich Insurance 
Group 




PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


NEW YORK FASHION 


Personality: 

It’s What Makes 


A Cutting Edge 


By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 



EW YORK — American fashion is suffering from 
repressed personality syndrome. Timid designers, 
afraid either to go forward or go for it, offer the 
current basics: the baggy mannis h pantsuit, the 
sexy side-split skirt, offset by a sweeping long coat. What they 
don’t come up with is a personal point of view. 

Among the similar and familiar shows, you yearn for 
someone with the guts to take a stand. Todd Oldham lit up the 
fall season by doing just that. His show of short, bright clothes 
— each group the visual equivalent of a crisp sound bite — 
expressed a strong and exuberant personality. 

The refined romance of Richard Tyler also created an 
individual look. Marc Jacobs showed a luxurious and modem 
collection, although it missed the zest that can take min- 
imalism to the max. 

Oldham's show of vibrant colors and patterns (runway and 


backdrop included) came from his psychedelic psyche. Out 
tumbled knitted tweeds with matching boots, fake chamois 


leather dresses and crewel-embroidered or magic-carpet 
coats. It might have seemed too much. But the most touching 
pan was that the animal rights champion, as though playing to 
the current revival of fur, created bravura effects with dashing 
faux-mink turbans, sequin-scattered leopard prints. Fauvist 


spike-heel boots and a mock -chinchilla cape. 

ndlai 


“I don't want to use the real stuff and I am happy to find 
good alternatives," said Oldham, taking bravos backstage 
from the actors Susan Sarandon and Ton Robbins. Also in the 
audience was Wolfgang Ley of Escada. who praised the 
designer's sparky MTV vision and said he would launch 

/m jl_ j : . -r _ a : : . 



Oldham next year as designer of the company's Apriori line. 
Ley also showed up for his proteges Mark Badgley and 


James Mischka. who have created a niche for themselves with 
decorative evening dresses. Inspired by the diamond but- 
terflies fluttering in the hair and lacy antique necklaces, 
Badgley Mischka proved a point that decoration seems 
appropriate when the glitter is tarnished and the look becomes 
neo- vintage. 


ACOBS'S approach was also modem. The designer 


enriched basic shapes — knee-length skirts, sweaters 

de. No' 


J and coats — with a subtle spadde.T'Iow that Jacobs is 
backed by Louis Vuitton, who will finance his new 
SoHo shop and have him design Vuitton clothing, the luxe 
side of the designer's vision came to the fore. 

But where once Jacobs would give his new-generation 
sportswear an ultra-cool urban and club-land twist, now he 
seems to repress that spirit. His design personality came 
through in the mixed textures of cloud-gray tweeds and 
flannels with occasional flashes of sweet sky blue and sunny 
orange. The collection seemed a dean and pure fashion 
canvas, A la Jil Sander or Gucci, against which those Vuitton 
bags will shine. 

After his ethereal summer show, Tyler’s collection re- 
mained earthbound until be unveiled die evening clothes: 
barely-there dresses, open at one side with noodle-narrow 
straps across the bared back, or given texture with lace and 
tulle embroideries and faint feather patterns. 

The flip side of that decorative femininity was die tailoring, 
which Tyler had loosened up to the current slouchy boy- 
meets-girl look. But the designer remained true to his design 


BOOKS 


RABIN: Our Life, His Legacy 

By Leah Rabin. 320 pages. $24.95. 
Putnam. 

RUBBER BULLETS: Power and 
Conscience in Modern Israel 

By Yawn Ezrahi. 308 pages. $25. Farrar 
Straus Giroux. 

Reviewed by Glenn Frankel 

I SRAEL’S passage from a small, col- 
lectivist, garrison state under siege to a 
modem, bourgeois and pluralistic de- 
mocracy is a tend road strewn with dis- 
carded myths and die blood of many 
martyrs. Leah Rabin’s tear-stained 
memoir of life with her late husband and 
Yaron Ezrahi’s powerful, clear-eyed 
treatise on Israel’s inner turmoils are 
seemingly as different as fire and ice. 

Yet the underlying theme of both is 
this national transformation: its triumphs 

and failures, its heroes and victims. 

Leah Rabin, widow of the prime min- 
ister who made peace with the Palestini- 
ans and then was assassinated by a fellow 
Jew, makes no attempt to conceal her two 
agendas. The first is "to cany his mes- 
sage forward, to ignite again ami again the 
brilliant light that was so brutally ex- 
tinguished.” sbe writes. "I am here to 
remind you of him." The second, un- 
spoken but just as pressing, is to even 
accounts with any number of her bus- 
band’s political enemies, including cur- 
rent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
and his Likud predecessor, Yitzhak 
Shamir. The Palestinian leader. Yasser 
Arafat, comes off far better than they do in 
her reckoning. 

Leah Rabin was a political wife par 
excellence; her role, as she saw it, was 
not only to look after her husband but to 
keep score. An Israeli journalist recalled 
for me once how he had befriended 
Yitzhak Rabin in the late 1 970s when the 
then former prime minister was lan- 


guishing on the Israeli Labor P.trty's 
backbenches. F 


, Rabin was grateful for my 
friend’s attention. Then after Rabin re- 
turned from die political wilderness to 
become defense minister in 1984, the 


journalist wrote something mildly crit- 
icaL Rabin had no particular problem 
with it — he probably didn't even read it 
— but Leah did. From then on my friend 
was persona non grata with the Rabin 
household. Lesson: You could toy with 
Yitzhak, but don’t cross Leah. Site took 
no prisoners. 

How ironic, then, that it was Leah, 
lioness and protector, who cost her hus- 
band the premiership during his first 
round in office in the 1970s. She was the 
one who neglected to dose the joint bank 
account they had kept in Washington 
when he had served as Israeli ambassador 
to the United States. Israeli residents are 
not allowed to have such accounts, and 
once the Rabins returned home they were 
in technical violation of die law. When 
the accoant became public in 1977, Ra- 
bin felt compelled to resign. She notes 
that he never chastised her over the in- 
cident. but she confesses she has no clue 
to the one beguiling question that remains 
about this undocumented affair Why 
did Rabin choose to resign over such an 
inconsequential misdemeanor? "Yitz- 
hak fundamentally kept his own counsel 
in this matter," she admits. 

Too much of tins memoir is in a similar 
vein: It offers facts we've already read 
elsewhere about Rabin's rise to army 
chief of staff, his controversial stint as 
defense minister during the Palestinian 
uprising, his two terms as prime minister, 
his signing of the Oslo peace accords and 
his murder. There are a few moments that 
reveal the human sick: of a leader known 
for terrorizing his subordinates as much 
as his enemies. Leah Rabin describes her 
husband’s backseat driving and his love 
of children and animals . It is Rabin Lite, 
and it jars against the memory of the 
gruff, profane and gutsy leader we know 
from other portraits. 

Like Leah Rabin, Yaron Ezrahi makes 
no attempt at objectivity. He begins his 
book by describing his conflicted feel- 
ings while watching a newscast on the 
Israeli army's harsh treatment of 
Palestinian stone throwers with his 84- 
year-old father and his 16-year-old son. 
He wants both to protect bis father from 


seeing Israel’s cherished citizen-army at 
its worst, yet to sear it into the con- 
sciousness of his son, who is due to enter 
the army in two years. ‘‘I was seized by 
the impulse to cover my father’s eyes 
with my right hand," he writes, "while 
somehow keeping my son’s eyes wide 
open with my left" 

But ‘"Rubber Bullets" is moch more 
than a personal testament Ezrahi, a pro- 
fessor of political science at Hebrew 
University in Jerusalem and a leader of 
the Israeli peace movement, is an in- 
tellectual detective who systematically 
uncovers clues to explain a nation’s 
coming of age. He traces the slow rise of 
individualism in a society that started out 
as an ideologically oriented state where 
the needs of the community took pre- 
cedence over freedom of choice. 

The transformation has been for from 
smooth. Ezrahi describes the conflict 
between Zionist tradition and the emerg- 
ing Israel as a "battle of the stories,” in 
which the state's collective narrative 
clashes with the personal, private nar- 
rative of the individual 


O ccasionally Ezrahi goes too 

for. He claims that the rubber bul- 
lets of his title, ammunition that the 
Israeli Army used at one point during the 
intifada as a purportedly nonlethal tool 
of riot control marked a historic turning 
point in Israel’s acceptance of Palestini- 
ans as a nation. But as I recall it, rubber 
bullets were just one of many dubious 
technological fixes that a desperate army 
tried and discarded during the course of 
the intifada. Also, Ezrahi’s writing at 
times lapses into academic jargon. 

But more often his prose sparkles with 
good sense and shrewd insights. He 
writes analysis in the best sense; taking 
small moments or decisions and weav- 
ing them into a convincing tapestry of 
social and ideological change. 


Glenn Frankel. former Jerusalem bu- 
reau chief for The Washington Post and 
author of Beyond the Promised Land: 
Jews and Arabs on the Hard Road to a 
New Israel." wrote this for The Post. 


By Alan Trascott 


S ometimes a Siam con- 
tract that appears hope- 
less can come home because 
the opposing cards lie favor- 
ably. 

An example is the 
diagramed deal from a Von 
Zedtwitz Double Knockout 
Team match in Manhattan. 
After West had shown the red 
suits with an unusual two no- 
trump. North-South climbed 
optimistically to six clubs. 
This seemed doomed to lose a 
spade trick and a heart trick, 
but the slam was difficult to 
defeat. 

West diamond lead was 


NORTH 
A K 96 
910 86 
O 4 

4AKQ974 

WEST EAST 

4J4 4Q10853 

9 A 3 7 6 3 9 J 62 

0KQJ166 09752 

45 42 


SOUTH CD) 
4 A 7 1 
9 KQ 
0 ASS 
4 J 19 8 6 3 


Neither side was vulnerable. 


South 

West 

North 

Hast 

14 

2 N.T. 

DbL 

3d 

Pass 

Pass 

54 

Pass 

64 

Pass 

Pass 

Pass 


West ^ Wo itai^nml Hng 


won with the ace, the club ace 
was cashed and a heart was 
led to the king. West took his 
ace. and when he continued 
with the diamond queen the 
slam could not be defeated. 

South ruffed in dummy, led 
to the heart queen and ruffed 
his remaining diamond. Then 
four rounds of tramps ending 
in the closed hand produced 
the ending shown at right: 

On the last trump, a spade 
was thrown from dummy , and 
East was helpless. West had 
missed three chances to beat 
the slam, all difficult. He 
could have led a spade orig- 
inally. He could have shifted 
to a spade after winning the 
heart ace. Or he could have 


allowed the heart king to win 
the third trick, planning later 
to shift to a spade or lead a 
third heart. 


NORTH 
4 K96 
910 
4 — 

♦ — 


WEST 

4 J 4 

05 
4 J 

4 — 


EAff 
4 Q 10 8 
9 J 
4 — 

4 — 


SOUTH 
4 A72 
9 — 

4 — 

*10 


HEALTH/SCIENCE 


Out of Ashes, a Cornucopia 


By John Noble Wilford 

Neve Yarit Times Service 



EW YORK— It was 
early evening in the 
rainy season when 
the villagers felt foe 
ground shake and then probably 
trembled themselves at the sight 
of blasts of steam in foe distance. 

They dropped what they were 
doing ana fled, abandoning their 
thatch-roofed huts, fruit trees in 
full ripeness and unwashed (tin- 
ner dishes. That was 14 cen- 
turies ago, around the year 590. 

The people saved their lives 
but lost their village, which was 
buried virtually intact under 
more than 16 feet of fine ash 
from an erupting volcano half a 
mile away. Only now are ar- 
chaeologists digging through 
the ash. at the sitethey call Ceren 
in El Salvador, and finding re- 
mains of the village so well pre- 
served that it has been stamped 
with foe inevitable sobriquet of 
Central American PompeiL 
Paleoethnobotanists, in particular, are 
having a field day. At Ceren, these spe- 
cialists in foe uses of plants by early 




Com stored in an ancient bin at Ceren. 


filled with dental plaster, produced dear 
replicas of plants. In fois way, plaster 
casts re-created the com cribs filled with 
people have uncovered stores of ceramic 1 im shucked ears as they looked the even- 
vessels filled with beans, squash, cacao ing foe volcano struck. 

j _-.i . r j .’ a «. _ 


Mmn/IImm 

Todd Oldham’s printed dress and quilted wrap. 


personality by making both pepper-and-salt tweeds and pin- 
stripes in curvy, body-skimming shapes. 

More super-subtle decoration came from Marc Eisen, who 
incorporated sparkle into brief dresses and simple cardigans or 
added a jet-bead edging to necks and sleeves. The show was 


filled with well-proportioned, close-to-the body clothes jog- 
ging briskly with current trends like tuxedo-striped pants. 


and other plant foods — dried but still 
recognizable after all these centuries. 

As they examined the site in finer 
detail, botanists have even identified 
plants fhat had disappeared, though not 
without a trace. Some left delicate im- 
pressions of leaves, seeds or stems in foe 
ash. Some that had completely decom- 
posed left cavities in foe packed ash. The 
cavities served as molds, which, when 


Archaeologists and botanists said 
Ceren was revealing for the first time 
much about the everyday lives of or- 
dinary people in sixth-century 
Mesoamerica; their dwellings and crops, 
what they ate and how, their economy 
and how it contributed to the classic 
period of Maya civilization. Most ex- 
plorations have concentrated on foe 
grand ceremonial centers of foe Maya 


rulers and priests. 

"What we learn from 
Ceren.’ ' reported a tram of 
scientists led by Dr. David L. 

Lentz of foe New York Botan- 
ical Garden in the Bro nx, “is- 1 - 
foat people living on the fringes 
may nave made a contribution to* 
foe development of Mayan cul> 

$ tore by producing surpluses and ^ 

1 providing resources necessary 
to sustain foe larger centers.” T 
The director of Ceren excav- 
ations. Dr. Payson Sieets, an W. 
archaeologist at the University 
of Colorado, said foe stores oft 
food, the abundance of finely i 
ceramics ami the evi-^ 
dence of trade goods stowed # 
this to be a prosperous com- 
munity of farmers. In one of the - * 
more humble households, ar- 
chaeologists counted more than- 
70 ceramic vessels. 

"It’s surprising, but a Isob 
sad," Dr. Sheets said in an in-. e 
terview. "The standard of living r. 
1,400 years ago was higher than-. r 
it is now among the peasants o£j; 

El Salvador." 

The existence of the buried village/ 
first came to light in 1976, but it was 
more fo«n a before intensive 1 n 

excavations got under way. So far, 11^ 
buildings have been uncovered: dwell-- . 
mgs, an obsidian workshop, a food stona-f , 
house, a aanna for ritual sweat baths, a ^ 
religious center and a community haEL/ 
The structures had adobe walls and roofcvr 
of thatch made from a type of grass that/, 
is now extinct, apparently killed off by 
alien grasses from the Old World. Founds 
in foe surviving fhatch were the bones of 

min» that h ad infested the roofs. 



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gauzy knits and leather, given an antique finish . 

Since women designers tend to envision themselves in their 
clothes, four came up with different modes of self-expression. 
Betsey Johnson is so determined to be Ms. Personality Plus 
that she turned cartwheels down the runway, following her 
show of medieval-inspired dresses with hipster chastity belts 
for fashion dams els in distress. 

Isabel Toledo was a model of subtlety and refinement, 
showing genuine design imagination in die way dial simple 
dresses had scarves slotted through to gather and decorate the 
fabrics. She also showed her cutting skills with soft jersey 
dresses, d raped or sharply tailored. 

Caroline Herrera, whose fashion nature is ladylike, careered 
downtown. From the urban jungle she plucked tiger and 
leopard prints, black leather and fake-fur trimmings (just when 
hip young designers are doing the real thing). But evening 
dresses were conventionally sassy in fluid jersey or lace. 

Nopna Kamali remained true to berself, fogging down to her 
fashion roots as a creator of foe down coat Tree-branch prints, 
camouflage military wear and suede were neatly described by 
Kamali as "survival clothes with style." 

But can straight-up designer sportswear survive? Gian- 
franco Ferre's Gieffeffe line veered from narrow empire coats 
through hefty military gear. Individual pieces might work, but 
it was not foe clearly focused expression of personality that a 
modem designer needs. 


‘Living Will’ Seldom of Aid, Study Says 


ByGinaKolafa 

New York Times Service 


EW YORK — Despite intense publicity and 
exhortations to the public to write advance dir- 
ectives to guide decision-making at foe end of 


■ ectives to guide decision-makmg at foe aid. ot 
life, almost no dying patients nave them, re- 
searchers find. And when patients do have these directives. 


the documents make little or no difference in medical care. 

The study, by Dr. Joan Teno and Dr. Joanne Lynn at foe 
George Washington University Center to Improve Care for 
the Dying and their colleagues at seven other medical 
centers, involved 4,804 terminally ill patients. Only 688 bad 
written directives, like a living will, to describe foe kind of 
medical care a patient wants and does not want, or a durable 
power of attorney, which designates another person to make 
decisions if a patient cannot. 

Of those 688 advance directives, only 22 contained 
instructions explicit enough to guide medical care. Even 
those instructions were contravened about half foe time. 
Doctors knew about patients’ advance directives only about 
one-qimterof fee time. . ■ ■ . 

The lesson^ Dr. Lynn, said, i$ that advance directives cap 
accomplish little/on fodr oiypi For .example, site said,. 


patients often say they do not want extraordinary care when 
all hope is gone. But. sbe said, that raised a question: When 
is all hope gone? 

Dr. Lynn said many patients did not drink that they were 
close to death. "Over and over again, they would say, Tve 
got a living will, but I’m not sick enough yet’ " she said. 

Dr. Teno yairf patients with advance directives sometimes 
changed their minds once they knew their options and 
prognosis. She said she liked to confront doctors with the 
cas e of o ne patient in foe study who wrote "in big letters, 
‘no CFR, no gastric tube, no ventilator.' ” 

"I ask physicians, ‘What would you do? Would you 
honor this advance directive if it was presented to yon by a 
family member?’ ’’ Dr. Teno said. Invariably, the doctors 
say that, yes, they would honor it and that they would feel 
legally obliged to do so. But when doctors and nurses spoke 
to this man about his condition. Dr. Teno said, be changed 
his mind and said he wanted cardiopulmonary rosusdtatioa 
and wanted to be prut on a respirator. 

"We have focused on putting things down on a piece of 
paper,” Dr. Teno said. Instead, "we need to focus on 
communication and negotiation* o£ foe physician and pa- 
tient coipina to an understanding of .goals and then design- 
ing a pian <vf carp, smti raTntfng CT r y pl ans ’* 


Puberty Surprisingly Early for U.S. Girls 


By Susan Gilbert 

New York Times Service 



EW YORK — Challenging 
medical dogma but support- 
ing doctors’ observations, a 
new report shows that many 
girls in foe United States are starting 
puberty far earlier than is widely con- 
sidered normaL 

The findings suggest that the textbook 
timetable of puberty onset, which is 
based on decades-okl research on British 
white girls, is either outmoded or ir- 
relevant in the United States. 

Medical books say that it is abnormal 
for girls to show the first signs of pu- 
berty, like pubic hair and breast de- 
velopment, before the age of 8. But the 
new study found that a large percentage 
of American girls have one or both of 
these characteristics at 7 and, in some 
cases, even at 3. 


American girls in foe study. But there 
were significant racial differences, with 
African-Americans showing the first 
signs of sexual maturity, on average, 
slightly more than a year earlier man 
white girls. 

Other studies have shown that the age 
of puberty onset varies considerably ac- 
cording to factors like race and ethnicity, 
nutrition, enviro nm ental conditions and 
geographic location. 

But the authors say foe new study, 
which appears in the current issue of 
Pediatrics, is foe first large-scale, mul- 
tiracial investigation of exactly when 


professor of maternal and child health at 
the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill School of Public Health. 
"But I don’t think any of us expected to 
see such a large proportion of gids de- 
veloping this early.” 

The findings come from examinations 
of 17,077 girls from 3 years old to 12 
years old m pediatricians’ offices around 


what many 


The surprisingly early onset of pu- 
berty was true for white and African- 


The research 
doctors have 
“The reason I did this study is that in 
my clinical practice, I was seeing a lot of 
young girls coming in with pubic hair 
and breast development, and it seemed 
like there were too many, too young," 
said Dr. Marcia E. Herman-Giddens, the 
principal investigator and an adjunct 


were white, and 10 percent were 
an- American. 

The study found that by the age of 8, 
15 percent of the white girls and 48 
percent of the African-American girls 
had seme breast de velopment, pubic hair 
or both. In contrast, medical textbooks 
say that just 1 percent of girls younger 
than 8 show these signs of puberty. 

In the study, die average age when 
puberty began was just under 9 years old 
for African-Americans and roughly 10 
to 10V4 for whites. Textbooks place the 
average age of puberty onset at between 
11 ana 12, decoding to the study. 


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t Apple Faces 
S Showdown 
■5 With IBM 

■ PC Firm’s Survival Bid 

■ Causes Rift in Alliance 

By John Madcoff 

■ New York Tbncs Service 

SAN FRANCISCO — In a show- 
down that could deal a final blow to the 
shaky personal-computing alliance be- 
tween Apple Computer Inc. and In- 
tanational Business Machines Coro., 
the two companies are trying to rene- 
gotiate licensing fees for Apple’s 
Macintosh operating-system software. 

Apple, financially troubled and strug- 
gling to find Ta turnaround strategy, has 
shown signs lately of regretting its de- 
'rS c * s * on years ago to allow various 
; f other c ompanies to clone its Macintosh 
computers. It has proposed raising 
Macintosh license fees as much as ten- 
fold to slow the clones’ erosion of 
Apple’s own sales. 

Two weeks ago, according to ex- 
ecutives close to the company, Apple 
notified IBM that the fees would be 
raised even for IBM, its longtime part- 
1 ner. That opened a rift that the two 
companies are trying to bridge. 

; The issue could mean the end of the 
so-called PowerPC aflianeft that FRM and 
Apple created in 1991 along with Mo- 
torola Inc. to ay to challenge die su- 
premacy in the personal-computer in- 
dustry of machines based on Intel Corp.’s 
Jjchips and Microsoft Corp.’s software. 

IBM and Apple executives planned to 
confer Wednesday to discuss their dif- 
ferences, people familiar with fee ne- 
gotiations said. Both companies de- 
clined to comment 

- The dispute parallels complaints 
from other Macintosh done makers. 
Critics say Apple is trying to box out the 
clone makers that have become a grow- ' 
ing threat to sales of Apple’s machines, 
which, like the clones, use PowerPC 
chips made by Motorola and IBM as 
well as Apple's Macintosh software. 

■ The dispute underscores Apple’s in- 
creasing peril: The most profitable parts 
ofits business are those most at risk from 
competitors. By raising licensing fees on 
software used with & most powerful 
versions rtf the PowerPC drips, Apple 
has been- attempting- to reserve to itself- 
the roost lucrative segment of the Macin- 
tosh market — - the fastest machines, 
which can sell for $6,000 or more. 


■ Ahead of Its Peers 

■ ■ i- ■■■ ■■ us Airways’ stock price has outperformed other U.S. airline 

stocks during the tenure of its chief executive, Stephen 

O-S AIRWAYS Wolf, left. 


ilirfcV ;• 


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weighted by market capitalization 

1 J 1 F n ^W 1 A 1 M 1 J r j _l A 1 S 1 0 ‘n'dI J' f'M 1 A 
■96 '97 

SSHH'IMUtHIJ) NYT 


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Departure From Confrontation 


By Adam Bryant 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — It is the story of (he 
U.S. airline industry these days- With 
carriers generating record profits, many 
union workers want raises, testing their 
leverage against executives who say big 
pay increases would make their airlines 
le& competitive.. 

at AMR Corp^VA^^ican /Sto^and 
UAL Carp/s United Antilles, and Con- 
tinental Eac/s pilots said last week that 
they wanted a 38 percent raises 

In this atm adhere of confrontation, 
die approach or Stephen Wolf, chair- 
man of US Airways Group Inc., is an 
ambitious departure. Mr. Wolf wants to 
lower costs sharply* bathe wanes to do it 
with labor's help. 

As he tries to turn around the airline, 
which has lost $2.4 billion in the last 
decade, he has vowed that there would 
be no power struggle. 

“No one has any leverage, ” he said 
in November. 

That, at least, is the appearance Mr. 
Wolf has managed to keep up since 
taking over US Airways a year ago. 

But in reality, the industry is driven 
by leverage, and Mr. Wolf is emerg in g 
as one of the more subtle practitioners of 
the art. 

If Mr. Wolf does not get his way, he is 
likely to use measured steps, like the 
steady shrinking of the airline, to win an 
agreement with labor leaders without 
direct confrontation. 

• 'This>ireei^' Mfv-Wolf kicks off a 
■series «£meefogs j wftfremployee& at >• 
which he vriB' undoubtedly trytopfer- 
suadethem that more drastic measures 
are needed — soonerralber than later — 


to bring US Airways* high costs in tine 
with those of its rivals. 

And in a letter to shareholders in the 
company’s just-released annual report, 
Mr. Wolf wrote feat fee airline is ap- 
proaching “a fork in fee road.” 

dearly, one path heads toward a cost- 
cutting deal. The second direction, 
though, would surely not be the status 
quo. 

Timothy Ross, an analyst at SBC- 
Warburg, said that, to get fee attention 

INTERNATIONALltf^UG^" 

of labor leaders, Mr. Wolf may start 
cutting unprofitable routes. 

That task will become less costly 
after June, wife fee expiration of a “no 
furlough” clause in the pilots' contracts 
that pays them whether fee airline needs 
them or not. “He may givea glimpse of 
the iron fist that is inside the velvet 
glove,” Mr. Ross said. 

Such a strategy would represent a 
subtle but important distinction from 
Mr. Wolf's years as chief executive of 
United Airlines, where he threatened 
layoffs and asset sales, wife deadlines 
often attached, if labor did not go along 
with iris plans. 

If Mr. Wolf is successful in lowering 
costs by working wife unions, not bat- 
tling them, it will mark a rare victory in 
this industry, where this goal has eluded 
most executives, who have been seen 
either as too confrontational or too con- 
ciliate™. 

Mr. wolf’s determination not to fight 
also hints at what • motivated him,- in 
January 1996* to -take- over at- US-Air- 
ways. America’s sixtii-largest airline, a 
dear step down after running United, 
fee nation’s largest 


Thailand Tumbles 
From Top Debt Rating 

Moody’s Cites Political Instability 

BySethMydans 


Mr. Wolf has long shown a lack of 
interest in talking about himself, and has 
declined all requests for interviews 
since coming to US Airways. Yet what 
be says and does tend to be calibrated as 
precisely as a jet-engine blade. And thus 
far. his actions and words have led to 
remarkable progress: US Airways is 
more prosperous Chan ever, wife record 
profits of 5263.4 million last year! 

Like most airlines, US Airways has 
benefited in recent years from a strong 
economy and a more disciplined ap- 
proach to limiting its supply of seats. 

That gives airimes more control over 
pricing, and they have raised feres 
sharply, particularly for last-minute 
travel. US Airways also has a lock on 
many routes in toe Northeast, where a 
large percentage of its passengers are 
business people who pay the highest 
fares. 

Such profits make it difficult for 
workers to swallow the notion that cuts 
are urgently needed. All three major 
unions at the company are negotiating 
new contracts, and Mr. Wolf is saying to 
them, in effect: Work with me, and this 
airline will be bigger and better than 
ever. 

If union leaders have any doubts, they 
are not sharing them publicly. Mr. Wolf 
has asked them not to negotiate in fee 
media, and calls to officials represent- 
ing flight attendants and mechanics 
were not returned. 

A spokesman far the pilots, Jim Gard- 
ner, said only, “From top to bottom, all 
of us at US Airways are committed to 
successfully and profitably meeting our 
competitive challenges.” 

Innocuous as that statement sounds, 
there appears to be some truth to it, ar 
least for now. 


By Seth Mydans 

New York Tunes Service 

BANGKOK — Despite pleas from 
government officials, Moody's Investor 
Services Inc. downgraded Thailand's 
long-term credit rating Wednesday, a 
sharp confirmation that one of South- 
east Asia’s highest fliers had run into 
tough economic times. 

The American rating company said it 
had based its action on economic and 
political factors. Although the country's 
economic fundamentals were sound, it 
said. Thailand’s unstable, personality- 
based coalition governments were 
poorly suited to address a host of prob- 
lems in a coherent way. 

The ratings change sent the baht 
lower, as the dollar rose slightly to a 
seven-year high of 26. ) 0 baht. A lower 
credit rating implies that baht 'assets 
cany more risk. 

The downgrade came amid growing 
anxiety in Thailand over the slowdown 


in its ex port -led economy, its rising 
account deficit, plummeting property 
prices and an embarrassing cash short- 


age at its financial institutions. 

For years, the money had just poured 
in. Until 1995 Thailand had one of the 
world's fastest-growing economies, at 
more than 8 percent a year. Bangkok's 
skyline has been transformed by a 
chaotic jumble of tall buildings, and 
around 20,000 new cars enter its 
clogged its streets every year. 

But many of those new buildings now 
stand empty or only partly occupied, 
and banks have makeshift parking lots 
to hold fleets of expensive cars that have 
been repossessed. Annual growth is 
projected to fall to as low as 5 percent in 
the coming yeans. 

The coumry’s newly rich entrepre- 
neurs, its rapidly expanding middle class, 
its banks and its property developers are 
having to take a closer look at their 
budgets and lower their expectations. 

Economic problems were at the heart 
of opposition that caused fee collapse 
last year of a coalition government led by 
Prime Minister Bonham Silpa-archa. 

But fee- problems have only intens- 
ified under his successor. Chaovalit 
Yongchaiyut. 

One month ago, the country’s largest 
financial institution. Finance One PLC, 
was swallowed by its 12fr -largest bank. 
Thai Danu Bank PLC, to preserve fee 


finance institution's liquidity. The gov- 
ernment also ordered 10 other finance 
companies to take urgent steps to raise 
their own capital levels. All bad se- 
riously overextended themselves on 
loans to the fla gg ing real-estate sector. 

Standard & Poor's Corp., another 
American credit-rating concern, left un- 
changed its rating for the country last 
month, saying Thailand could maintain 
its economic stability despite its current 
problems. But it warned of heightened 
risk in the banking sector. 

“It's dear that each agency has a 
different point of view of our econ- 
omy,” Chaiyawat Wbulswasdi. a 
deputy governor of the central bank, 
said. “Now it's up to investors to decide 
whom to listen to.” 

The Moody's downgrade, from its 
top rating of Aaa to Aa, was based on 
what the agency called an “incremental 
deterioration” in the economy, includ- 
ing declining competitiveness in export 
industries and fee crisis among financial 
institutions. 

But Moody's said that fee still-strong 
rating reflected the continuing sound- 
ness of Thailand’s liberal trade and in- 
vestment policies and its favorable geo- 
graphic location. 

Continuing investment should lead to 
further technology transfers that will help 
the country move into more sophisticated 
value-added industries, it said. 

Moody's said Thailand's biggest 
challenge was to bring under control its 
current-account deficit — the balance of 
payments for imports and exports of 
goods and services — which has swelled 
to 8 percent of gross domestic product. 

Moody's cut Thailand's snort-term 
sovereign debt rating in September. 
After it announced in February that it 
was reviewing the long-term debt rat- 
ing, foreign economists said, several 
government officials pleaded privately 
for a reprieve, fearing harm to the na- 
tion's image with investors. 

Analysts said the downgrade could 
stall a planned interest-rate cut, making 
an economic recovery more difficult. But 
they said feat although the rating cut 
would raise the cost ofbonowing abroad, 
the move had been anticipated and thus 
already factored in by the marker 

Thailand's economic downturn was 
not unexpected after a decade of rapid 
growth, they added, and could lead to 
sounder management of the economy. 


German Banks: Set for Mergers? Effort to End Sweatshops Yields a Pact 


By John Schmid 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — German banks, 
•which caused outrage in some quarters 
last month over their role in fee failed 
hostile bid for Thyssen AG, may soon 
find themselves on fee receiving end of 
takeover attempts as a wave of cem- 
'solidation hits fee banting industry. 
“One year ago, my private opinion 

'was feat nodring win happen before fee 
'turn of the century,” an executive alone 
of Munich’s two biggest banks said. 
“But now, it is like fee domino effect 
•When things start happening, it will go 
-quickly. You saw how quickly things 


'Tbyssen by Krupp Hoesch AG, winch 
ended in a friendly merger after 
Thyssen deflected fee unsolicited bid, 
"industry sources and analysts said fee 


and axxjuisdnons, even unpopular ones. 

“Iu fee context of fee fragme nte d 
r markets in Germany, Germans trank 
J they need to be the target) 

| the changed landscape., Matthew 
‘Czepliewicz of Salomon Brothers, said. 

Tbe latest bout of takeover spec- 
; ulaiion was sparked last month, when 
fee chairmen of Bayerische Verems- 
bank AG, Germany's founh-Jmgest 
bank in terms of assets, and No. 5 
Bayerische Hypofeeken- & 

Bank AG, known as Hypo-Bank, 


openly discussed the possibility of mer- 
gers, although in absfract terms. Shares 
of both Munich-based banks rallied to 
record highs on fee talk. On Wed- 
nesday .Hypo-Bank said its net profit 
rose to 714.9 million Deutsche marks 
($417.1 million) last year from 676.2 
million DM in 1995, lifted by a 44 
percent rise in commission income. 

Germany has become a prime can- 
didate far consolidation in the banking 
industry; (he country has one bank 
branch for every 1,500 inhabitants — 
nearly twice the concentration of the 
United States, Britain or Japan. 

Thai fact alone makes a shakeout all 
but inevitable to many bankers. Wife 
fee proposed launch of a single 
European currency in 1999, analysts 
say German banks need to grow to 
compete in an enlarged market. The 
consolidation wave, when it comes, 
will probably hit Germany relatively 
late, after first rolling through the 
Netherlands, Britain, Switzerland, 
Sweden and Norway, 

But the odds are increasing feat a 
consolidation could begin as soon as 
this year, analysts and bank executives 
said. The first step nrighi take the farm 
of equity swaps or merger of data- 


operatians. a Frankfort banker said. 

In trying to weigh the likelihood of 
mergers, bankers in Frankfurt say that 
the two Manich banks have an ulterior 
reason for seeding meager speculation: 


It drives up their stock price, creating a 
deterrent against possible hostile 
takeovers. Dresdner Bank AG, mean- 
white, is viewed as the most likely 
suitor for Hypo-Bank. The German 
insurance giant Altianz AG holds a 23 
percent stake in both and could arrange 
a deal. Allianz declined to comment 

A combination of Dresdner and 
Hypo-Bank “has industrial logic,” 
Mr. Czepliewicz at Salomon said. “It 
gives Dresdner strength where it could 
use it, namely in mortgages, and it 
would be easier because of die Allianz 
stakes.” 

The banks involved declined to 
comment. 

Signaling that it would not be shy 
about any coming mergers, Deutsche 
Bank AG unleashed takeover spec- 
ulation in July when it said it had 
acquired a 52 percent stake in Ver- 
ednsbank. 

As banks merge and branches close, 
and with more banking being done on 
tine and by cash machine, the DAG 
service-sector union has estimated that 
one in four hanking jobs could be lost 
by the turn of the century. Although the 
DAG’s estimate is the most extreme, 
few dispute that jobs are at stake. 

By fee cautious standards of Ger- 
man bankers, recent statements have 
been blunt “With the bosses of the big 
banks talking in public, you cannot 
rule out anything,” an executive at one 

of the big banks in Frankfurt said 


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SamxReutas. 


By Steven Greenhouse 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — . A pres- 
idential task force that in- 
cludes human-rights groups, 
labor unions and apparel-in- 
dustry giants such as Nike 
Inc., Reebok International 
Ltd. and L~L~ Bean has 
reached a groundbreaking 
agreement that seeks to end 
sweatshops by creating a 
code of conduct on wages 
and working conditions, in- 
cluding a maximum 60-hour 
workweek, for apparel fac- 
tories that American compa- 
nies use around the world. 

The task force has also 
agreed to set up an associ- 
ation to oversee monitors 
who would inspect apparel 
factories worldwide and give 
a seal of approval to compa- 
nies feat comply wife the 
code of conduct. 


Task-force members 
vowed to follow the code in 
the factories they used in the 
United States and abroad. 
Participants said they hoped 
dozens of other American 
companies would commit 
themselves to meeting fee 
standards and that fee effort 
would eventually lead to 
work standards for the cloth- 
ingindustry worldwide. 

The members reached an 
agreement at a seven-hour 
meeting Monday attended by 
Gene Sperling, chairman of 
the president's National Eco- 
nomic Council. Task-force 
participants said President 
Bill Clinton hoped to an- 
nounce fee agreement next 
Monday at a White House 
ceremony where he will be 
flanked by industry, labor 
and human-rights officials. 

Mr. Sperling, who refused 
to confirm (retails of fee 


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ALFRED BERG SICAV 

Sod6t6 d'lnvestissement a Capital Variable 
Registered Office: 

L-1140 Luxembourg, 26, route d’ Art on 
R.C Luxembourg B 26150 

Shareholders are invited to attend the 
ANNUAL. GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS 

which will be held at 26, route d'Arion, Luxembourg 
on April 18, 1997 at 10.00 a.m. with the following 
agenda: 

AGENDA: 

1. Reports of the Board of Directors and Auditors. 

2. Approval of the financial statements as of 
December 31, 1996. 

3. Decision on allocation of net profits. 

4. Discharge of the Directors and of the Auditors in 
respect of the carrying out of their duties during 
fee fiscal year ended December 31. 1996. 

5. Reelection of the Board Members. 

6. Election of a new Auditor. 

7. Miscellaneous business. 

NOTES: 

Holders of bearer shares may vote at the Meeting: 

- in person by producing at fee Meeting either 
share certificates or a certificate of deposit issued 
by their bank which will be issued to them 
against deposit of their share certificates, 

» by proxy by completing the form of proxy which 
will be made available to them against deposit of 
share certificates aforesaid. 

Share certificates so deposited mil be retained until 
the Meeting or any adjournment thereof has been 
concluded. 

The Board of Directors 


agreement, said, “The pro- 
gress feat’s been made rep- 
resents a unique and histone 
step to eradicate sweatshops 
here and around fee world." 

Companies that comply 
wife the code wifi be able to 
put a label or tag on feeir 
clothing assuring consumers 
that it was not made under 
sweatshop conditions. 

Linda Golodner, co-chair- 
man of the task force and 
president of fee National 
Consumers Federation, said: 
“The benefit for everyone is 
what the whole task force 
was about: That's to make 
sure consumers can purchase 


goods feat have noi been 
made in a sweatshop and 
make sure that there’s a pro- 
cess in place to check that 
factories are not sweat- 
shops,” 

The agreement came after 
weeks of meetings in which 
the apparel companies 
clashed wife labor and hu- 
man-rights representatives 
about minimum wages and 
maximum hours in rectories 
and who should monitor the 
factories. 

Task-force members said 
they were still debating some 
wording in the proposed 
guidelines. 


SPIRIT 
OF THE SEA 



Admiral’s Cup "Marees". Its special and 
exclusive automatic movement gives 
the time of the high and low tide and 
the strength of the current in relation 
to the phases of the moon. It also has a 
calendar, centre seconds and 24 hour 
supplementary dial. Patented. 



CORUM 

Maitres Artisans d’Horiogerie 


For information write to Corum, 2301 U C&ra-dcFoub.SwinntaiKL 




PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 

”* S *^*” THE AMERICAS 


-Mite 





-v. 655 



Telerate Cuts Dow Jones ’s Net 


Interest-Rate Gloom 4 

Settles on Wall Street 





iso — 


N D F M A 
1996 199; 


j 120 - 
110 ^ 



1996 1997 £ 1996 

■ ■■ SA/I/ 'A - " -*#*■»• '' ' 

~ ■ r . : AgrssM 


N D J F M A 
96 1997 






Toronto :3EI 


CtufKM by Or Staff Fm PupUcba 

NEW YORK — Dow Jones & 
Co. said Wednesday that its first- 
quarter profit fell 33 percent, largely 
because of difficulties at its Telerale 
financial-information business. 

Telerale, recently renamed Dow 
Jones Markets, is -the focus of a 
$650 million overhaul that has 
prompted two members of the 
family that controls Dow Jones, as 
well as some Wall Street analysts 
and others, to question whether it 
was too costly. 

Dow Jones said its net income 
fell to $25.4 million from $37.6 
million a year earlier despite a rise 
in revenue to $606 million from 
$584.8 million. 

The first-quarter earnings in- 
cluded a one-time gain of $3.5 
million from the sale of American 


Demographics magazine and re- 
lated businesses. 

Dow Jones shares were down 
62.5 cents at $40,125 in late New 
York Stock Exchange trading. 

The company’s business-pub- 
lishing unit, wnich includes The 
Wall Street Journal and its tele- 
vision operations, reported a gain 
of 107 percent in operating income 
in the quarter. Onaway Newspa- 
pers. Dow Jones’s community- 
newspaper unit, posted a 121 per- 
cent improvement. 

But the company's financial-in- 
formation services unit, which in- 
cludes Dow Jones Markets as well 
as the company's new swires, saw 
operating profit fail 84 percent in 
the quarter, to $7.5 million. It was 
the only unit to post a decline. 

On Tuesday, the company an- 


nounced that it had formed an al- 
liance with Microsoft Corp. to help 
with the overhaul of Dow Jones 
Markets. The unit has suffered 
from competition with Bloomberg 
UP and Reuters Holdings PLC. 

Under the agreement, Dow 
Jones will use Microsoft's oper- 
ating systems, database programs 
and other software to create a sys- 
tem that will allow its customers to 
trade, exchange messages and 
view historical and up-to-the- 
minute ■ financial info rmati on on 
personal computers. 

In addition to its technology, 
Microsoft will provide consulting 
services to Dow Jones and will 
belp sell some Dow Jones services 
to Microsoft customers in the fi- 
nancial-services industry. 

(NYT. AP, Bloomberg ) 


Co*IUbjOwSuGFnmDi**KltB 

NEW YORK— Stocks fell Wed- 
nesday amid concern that rising in- 
terest rates will undermine corpo- 
rate profits. 




j— i Jcaviug uic ys 

DOLLAR: Currency Gains Further Against Yen and Mark 7 ^peraait rincefth 


.Caracas 

Source: Bloomberg, Reuters 


ImermxionaJ HtnJd Tribune 


Very brief iys 

CSX and Norfolk Reach Rail Deal 

NEW YORK (NYT) — CSX Corp. and Norfolk Southern 
Corp. have agreed on how the two companies would split the 
assets of Comail Inc. The deal, which has been expected since 
Conrad abandoned its merger with CSX a month ago, will 
bring competition in freight rail service to New York for the 
first time in 29 years. 

Under die terms of the agreement, announced Tuesday, CSX 
and Norfolk Southern will jointly pay $1 IS cash a share, or 
$10.2 billion, for Conraii. the line that has had a virtual 
monopoly on freight traffic from Washington to Boston and 
west to Chicago. The two rival railroad companies, will then 
divide Conraii, with CSX paying $43 billion for 42 percent of 
the assets and Norfolk Southern paying $5.9 billion for the 


Continued from Page 1 

Japanese manufacturers, espe- 
cially automakers, are benefiting 
from a major boom in exports, 
thanks in part to the recent devel- 
opments in currency markets. U.S. 
officials fear that Tokyo is once 
again trying to lift itself out of re- 
cession through exports rather than 
by stimulating its own economy. 

Accordingly, analysts are starting 
to ask whether the authorities will 
take action to stem the dollar’s rise 
or whether the G-7 may find itself 
helpless to resist the market-driven 
forces behind the dollar's strength. 

“It's a classic case.” said Wil- 
liam Dudley, an economist at Gold- 


man Sachs, in which Treasury Sec- 
retary Robert Rubin '’has said he 
doesn ’t want to see the dollar firmer, 
and now the markets are saying. ‘So 
what are you prepared to do about 
it?’ ” 

C. Fred Bergs ten. director of the 
Institute for International Econom- 
ics. said Mr. Rubin and his G-7 
colleagues could lose credibility in 
currency markets if the trends per- 
sisted. ‘Tfthe dollar gets to. say, 130 
against the yen. ” Mr. Beigsten said, 
“then I think one could legitimately 
say that these guys were just talking 
and weren't ready to put their 
money where their mouth is.” . 

Neither Mr. Rubin nor foe G-7 
statement in Berlin specifically called 


for foe dollar to stop rising. The 
Treasury chief has repeatedly said 
simply that “a strong dollar is m the 
U.S. interest, and we've had a strong 
dollar for some time now.’' The G-7 
statement said foe dollar’s former 
weakness had been “corrected.” 

But several G-7 members were 
much more blunt after the Beilin 
meeting. Hans Tietmeyer, president 
of foe Bundesbank, told reporters 
the dollar’s rise “ought to end about 
now.” 

Against other currencies Wed- 
nesday, foe dollar rose to 5.8045 
French francs. from 5.7725 francs 
and to 1.4790 Swiss francs from 
1.4743 francs. The pound fell to 
$1.6200 from $1.6260. 


The deal formally brings to an end a bidding war for 
Conraii. which began in October with the announcement of an 
$8.4 billion merger between Conraii and CSX. 

• Chrysler Corp. plans to invest $131 billion in six Detroit 
plants in the next five years, adding “hundreds” of jobs, 
largely to increase production of its Jeep Grand Cherokee and 
light-truck engines. 

• Dow Chemical Co. said it had resolved a dispute with 
General Electric Co., which it accused of raiding personnel 
and trade secrets. Terms of the settlement are confidential 

• Phillips Petroleum Co. has joined a group that will build a 
$1 billion facility in western Canada to process liquefied 
natural gas for shipment to South Korea. Otherpaiticipants are 
Daewoo Corp. of South Korea PAC-RIM LNG Inc, 
Bechtel Enterprises Inc. and Korea Gas Corp. 

• Brazil will temporarily drop import tariffs, averaging 20 

percent, on some telecommunications equipment to spur 
industry competition before a massive expansion of mobile 
telephone systems. Bloomberg 


P&G Buys Tambrands 

ConfdnJ by OwSttfFran DtqnK bet 

CINCINNATI — Procter & Gamble Co. said Wednesday 
it had agreed to buy foe maker of Tampax brand tampons for 
nearly $2 billion. 

The purchase of Tambrands Inc. marks the biggest ac- 
quisition ever for foe consumer-products giant. Procter & 
Gamble will pay $50 a share for Tambrands, which will no 
longer exist as an independent company. 

The tampoos, Tambrands’ orriyproduct. lead foe global $8 
billion sanitary-products market Tampax holds 50 percent of 
foe American market, valued at $800 million wholesale, and 
has a strong presence in Europe. Procter & Gamble makes 
Always feminine products and Pampers disposable diapers, 
among other consumer products. 

Rumors of foe buyout had sent Tambrands* shares and 
options jumping foe past few trading days. In late trading 
Wednesday, Tambrands shares were up $2,125, at $4835, 
while P&G rose $335, to $1 19. (AP, Bloomberg) 


htki rising ftMTtitng g drive a rising 
stock market.” Robert Bissell. an 
investment manager at Wells Cap- 
ital Management, said. “But if the 
Federal Reserve becomes too ag- 
gressive and continues raising rates, 
derails all that.” 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
closed down 4532 points at 
6,563.84, while the broader Stan- 
dards Poor’s 500-share index fell 
535, to 76037. Advancing and de- 
clining issues were nearly even on 
Che New York Stock Exchange. 

The price of foe benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond fell 1/32 to 94 4/ 
32, leaving the yield steady at 7.10 
percent. Bond yields have held above 
7 percent since foe Federal Reserve 
Board raised its target on the federal 
funds rate, the rate banks charge each 
other for overnight loans, on March 
25 — its first rate increase in two 
years. Analysts have after said that a 
yield above 7 percent is a threat to foe 
stock market, because it draws in- 
vestors away from equities and raises 
the cost of corporate borrowing. 

“Everybody’s pretty much look- 
ing for a lead on where the bonds 
want to go and where the Fed is 
looking to go at the next meeting,” 
Keith Janacek. vice president of in- 
stitutional sales and trading at Legg 
Mason Wood Walker, said 

Technology stocks were weak, 
despite recent strong earnings re- 
ports. Investors are b eginnin g to 
think foe issues are overpriced rela- 


AMEX 


rive to their earnings poten ti a l , ana-. 
Iystssaid 

Cisco Systems was the most ac- 
tively traded U-S. stock, falling IV* 
to 54V4, while Intel lost 4 7/54 to 
142V4. „ „ i 

Seagate Technology fell 234 to 
49V* as investors took profits after 

US. STOCKS 

foe company reported a jumping, 
third-quarter earnings and predicted 
strong demand for its products. - - 
Drug stocks fell, led by Merck- ft 
dosed down 3% at 81% on concern 
that the company’s top-selling drugs 
to treat high cholesterol levels are 
being threatened by a new treatment 
from Warner-Lambert. Since its in- 
troduction in February. Warnear- 
Lambert’s Upitar has been stealing 
share from Mode’s Meva- 
cor and' Zocor. Warner-Lambert 
dosed up V* at 9334. 

Biogen closed down 1% at 37 j!s 
after it said European officials had 
revoked apatent on its multiple-scteF- 
nsi$ drug, clearing foe way for tth h 

* >C McD^^d , s fell V* to^^^tefoe 
world’s largest last-food ch a in said 

sales at U3. restaurants that had been 
open at least a year feD 6.4 percent in t 
1996, to an average of $1.43 m ill ion , 
ft said average sales would “continue 
to be affected by expansion info 
smaller, lower-cost sites.” r 

General Electric rose 34 to 102 
after Dow Chemical sad it bad re- 
solved a dispute related to accusa- 
tions foal GE had raided Dow’s auto- 
motive-plastics division for 
personnel and used trade secrets. • 

(Bloomberg, Bridge News, AP) 


. 2v: f 

7 


>- 'T 

#p i’**.- 1 * 

9 rj rtin«*U 011 


Wednesday’s 4 PAL Close 

The top 300 most ocSve sham 
up to the doting on Wed Street. 

The Associated Press. 

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INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 

























PAGE 13 



MERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 

EUROPE 



-Mitsubishi Pact 

Looks Beyond 2000 


• - » : 


4- ..■■■ 

■ 'v. ' ^ 

- v . 1>. 

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" • X . 

^ ^A 

' C; 


^St^O^-VolvoABand 

Mitsubishi .Motors Corp. said Wed- 
§fesday ihey would investigate the 

S ,ty ^ Producing Aeb- 

on of cars after 2000 in die 

mds, a move that would ex- 
tend six years of what they caHM 
^excellent collaboration!”™ 

.■^’ n j e j° im e ^° rt *21 involve die 
jjjfrelppmem of a future car plat- 
ronn to be produced at NedCar the 
“ the Ne&edOTds 
Owned by Volvo. Mitsubishi and the 
E>uicb government. 

Mitsubishi also has agreed to de- 
liver its latest engines, based on gas- 
©une direct injection technology, to 
the Swedish car maker, and Volvo 
&id the two companies were con- 
adenng incorporating the tecimol- 

tl : — — 

Mercedes Sets 
Foreign Push 
pi Production 

^ & ' Bloomberg Hews 

■z STUTTGART Mercedes- 

Benz AG, the luxury car unii of 
©aimler-Beuz AG, said Wednesday 
that it planned to increase foreign 
production to 25 percent from 5 
■percent in the next few years. * ' 
“We are going to invest on av- 
erage between 25 billion Deutsche 
Ttoaifcs ($1.46 billion) and 3 billion 
marks in new products and facilities 
^ber year,” starting tins year, said 
Jueigen Hubbert, the Daimler man- 
agement board member who is re- 
sponsible for Mercedes* cannaking 
■amt. “About 25 percent of this will 
fee used to build up foreign capacity 
■#B to about 25 percent of our total.” 

1 ' Mr. Hubbert said the increase in 
foreign production reflected grow- 
ing demand for Mercedes cars and 
would not be made at the expense of 
German output, which is also ex- 
pected to increase. 

* r Mercedes has already announced 
plans to build 200,000 of its com- 
pact A-CIass cars at a site in Rastatt, 
Germany. 

. The company said earlier that it 

E burned to sell about 1 million cars 
i three or four years, more than a 50 ' 
percent increase from sales of 
640.000 units last year. 


«gy„jgO the “Volvo engine fam- 
uy. The injecticm engine offects low 
hwl consumption and high power. 
Mi tsubi shi, which is believed to be 
the first manufacturer with this tech- 
nology, says it hopes the fad ef- 
ficiency will help it sell cars in Ja- 
pan, where gasoline is i 


NedCar, a venture formed in 
1991, is situated in Bom, in the 
southeastern Dutch province of 
Jjmburg. ft produces the Volvo S4Q/ 
V40, the Volvo 400 and the Mit- 
subishi Cartsma and has a produc- 
tion capacity of about 200,000 cars. 

Volvo said it planned to release 
injection-powered S40 and V40 
models in the first half of 1998 and 
piat Mitsubishi would use the engine 
in the Carisma. starting this 

Mitsubishi Motors to 

say what it had paid to create the 
engine, which took five years to 
develop, bat the c o mp an y is rushing 
to install the engine in its own mod- 
els in hope of helping to cut gasoline 
consumption. 

Mitsubishi Motors' shares rose 1 
yen in Tokyo trading to 911 ($7.25); 
Volvo’s shares closed in Stockholm 
at 191 kronor ($24.91). down 0.50. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP) 

* Scania Will Use the Euro 

Scania AB, a Swedish truck- 
maker, will start using the E ur o p e an 
Union’s angle currency when it is 
introduced even if Sweden does not 
garticipate in the currency union. 

said, according to a Bloomberg 
News dispatch from Stockholm. 

Sweden has not yet said whether 
it will seek to join the first group of 
countries that hope to adopt the euro 
Jan. 1, 1999. 

“Our clients, subcontractors and 
competitors are going to switch to 
the new euro,” Mr. Oesding said in 
a magazine published by the 
Swedish Employers’ Association. 
“If EMU becomes a reality,” he 
said, referring to Europe's planned 
economic and monetary union, “we 
will start using the euro regardless 
of whether Swsden takes part in die 
monetary cooperation.” . 

That attitude is in line with those 
of some other international compa- 
nies based in Sweden. Astra AB’s 
chairman, Bo Berggren, recently 
said all Swedish companies should 
make the transition in accordance 
with Europe’s schedule, regardless 
of Stockholm’s stance. 


East German Farms Feel Pain 

Court Upholds a Pre-Unification Debt Bill of $6 Billion 


By Edmond L. Andrews 

New fgrt Times Service 

- FRANKFURT — Workers in 
what used to be East Germany 
have endured wrenching changes 
since the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, 


chemical plants to soaring unem- 
ployment. 

But on Tuesday the financial 
pain of German reunification 
spread to what bad been one of the 
few bright spots in fee Eastern 
economy — agriculture — when 
Germany’s highest coart ruled fear 
fanners must pay $6 billion in 
debts run up by collective farms 
during the Communist era. 

The debts are likely to weigh on 
about 2,000 former collective 
farms, which were converted after 
reunification in 1990 into for-profit 
companies, for at least 10 years. 

The ruling further augers the 
farmers because the Goman gov- 
ernment has already forgiven bil- 
lions of Deutsche marks of debt 
owed by bankrupt state-owned 
factories and has pumped billions 
more into trying to rebuild them 
from the groundup. 

Because Eastern Germany's 
farms were built from the big co- 
operatives favored by Communist 
planners, they are bigger and more 
efficient than many West German 
family-owned farms. 

If, after reunification, the old 
collective farms had been con- 
sidered state-owned enterprises in- 
stead of just state-controlled, their 
debt would have been forgiven 


years ago. But because the co- 
operative farms were considered 
to be owned by their members, the 
sew owners arc being held respon- 
sible for both the debt and the 
rising amount of bock interest. 

“The very least you can say is 
feat this creates uncertainty,” said 
Eugen Roth, managing director of 
Agra r GmbH Toettdstaedt, a big 
fanning company in Thuringia 
state. “The decision does not rec- 
ognize that the economic situation 
his changed completely since re- 
unification. The companies that 
borrowed money before are now at 
a disadvantage.” 

Mr. Roth said fee court ml m g 
should not bankrupt any farms be- 
cause a provision of the German 
unity treaty prohibited a bank from 
collecting payments unless a farm 
was profitable and limited the re- 
payments to 20 percent of a farm's 
annual profit. 

Nevertheless, die East German 
farming industry has argued that it 
is being unfairly treated in com- 
parison with industries where bil- 
lions of marks were written off. 

Since reunification, the Goman 
government has pumped more 
titan Si billion into the modern- 
ization of two big shipyards, only 
to see them collapse into bank- 
ruptcy anyway. 

Last week, the privatization 
agency that supervised the sale of 
old state companies offered to sell 
fee shipyards for 1 Deutsche mark, 
or 58 U-S. cents, each. The gov- 
ernment has also pumped about 
$20 billion into the old state-owned 


chemical industry, including the 
forgiveness of billions in debts. 

Mr. Roth and others argued that 
fee privatized farms were being 
punished for decisions over which 
they had no control. Under the 
Communist system, he said, gov- 
ernment officiais frequently re- 
quired farms to borrow money to 
underwrite public projects. 

But none of those arguments 
convinced Frankfurt- based DG 
Bank, which took over fee old East 
German agricultural bank, or the 
German constitutional court. 

Bank officials said the national 
unification treaty had been inten- 
ded to hold fee farms responsible 
for their debts. 

Frank Steinmeyer. a spokesman 
for DG Bank, said German law- 
makers had decided as a general 
principle that debts held by private 
companies should be treated as 
valid after reunification. The rea- 
son, in pan, was that private 
companies and individuals had 
been allowed to change many of 
their nearly worthless East Ger- 
man marks for valuable Deutsche 
marks on a 1-for-l basis, and fee 
rest at 2 for 1. Those exchange 
rates gave tire Eastern companies a 
big windfall of hard currency. 

Early this week. Germany's 
highest court rejected arguments 
made on behalf of a farm in the 
Eastern state of Saxony-Anhalr 
that the unusual debt burden vi- 
olated the farms’ property rights. 
“The cooperative farms’ duty to 
repay their old debts does not have 
any such effect,” the court ruled. 


France Telecom Unveils Rates for ’98 


Investor’s Europe 


Frankfurt 

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rparoeriaiat Herald TnhWK 

Very briefly: 



Gmptir4brO*rSa4fFnmDif*at*a 

PARIS — France Telecom SA on Wednesday an- 
nounced the rates it plans to charge other companies 
using its network what the French telecommunications 
market is opened next year, a move that analysts said 
provided clues to how profitable the company would be 
after it lost its monopoly. 

In setting the rates, France Telecom agreed to reg- 
ulators’ demands that it reduce charges to increase 
competition in Europe’s second-largest economy. 

The fees are substantially lower than France Telecom 
had sought bat higher than competitors such as 
Bouygues Telecom SA were repeated to have wanted. 

The regulatory body said it would allow the company 
to charge 6.09 centimes (1.1 U.S. cents) a minute to 


connect to its local network, 12.78 centimes for calls 
within French regions and 17.57 centimes for calls 
between regions within fee country. 

France Telecom, according to consultation docu- 
ments published by the Telecommunications Ministry, 
had proposed to charge 1 6 centimes a minute for local 
calls, 18 centimes a minute for calls between cities and 
26 centimes a minute for long-distance calls. 

Now that the raxes have been set, analysts said they 
would have a measure of how profitable France Tele- 
com might be after losing its monopoly in January. The 
rates will also help determine a value for the state- 
owned company before its initial public offering in 
May. which is expected to raise as much as 50 billion 
francs ($8.65 billion). (Bloomberg, AFP) 


• Fokker NV administrators said a sale of its remaining assets 
now looked inevitable after the Malaysian government said it 
had pulled out of rescue talks for the bankrupt planemaker. 

• The European Commission will rule against Anglo Amer- 
ican Corp. of South Africa Ltd.’s purchase of what fee 
commission calls a controlling stake in Lonrho PLC, claim- 
ing that it could distort competition in the platinum industry. 

• Gazprom AO’s chairman, Rem Vyakhirev, said foreign 
interests are behind government moves to break it up. Pressure 
to break up Russia's monopolies is being applied “under the 
influence, or even the orders, of international financial in- 
stitutions.” he said. 

• Marks & Spencer PLC, a British retailer, said it would 
open 15 to 20 stores in Germany by 2007. It opened its first 
German store, in Cologne, in October. 

• German labor leaders faced immediate opposition from 
employers to a proposal to create jobs by shortening fee work 

Week. Bloomberg. Reuters, AFP 


Creditanstalt’s Net Surges 85% 

Ccnpdrtl by Oir Sxtf Fran Dupatcha 

VIENNA — Creditanstalt, taking stock of its last year as an 
independent bank, reported on Wednesday a 35 percent rise in 
1 996 net profit and said its new owner and former foe. Bank 
Austria, could expect more good news this year. 

Creditanstalt, which was bought by Bark Austria on Jan. 
12, said 1996 net profit rose to 2.93 billion schillings ($243 
million). The company said it spurred profit by establishing 
investment banking activities abroad while keeping costs 
down in Austria. 

Operating profit rose to 6.47 billion schillings from 6.14 
billion in 1995. (Reuters. Bloomberg) 


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4920 6835 6820 S7.1Z 
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16158 15950 1«1 15950 

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873 

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505 

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777 

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24190 23940 

241 

237.10 

Investor B 

350 

341 34480 

347 

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3*1 

3.17 

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118 

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22480 22580 

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230 342 24580 

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269 27080 

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253 25430 25170 

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7020 6090 6095 6048 
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169 16858 1». 168 

242 338 236 23350 

8847 87.98 88.10 8745 

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830 827 830 829 

JM50 3SS.V0 26 3 35640 

92.15 91 JN 92.15 9030 
508 499 500 499 

759 748 759 74558 

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2080 

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1280 

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164 16a W 163 16030 . 


16340 163 16240 

10840 108J0 10830 10830 
332 32740 3303# _ M6 
35440 34950 30.10 W 
9050 89.10 8950 8850 
4050 3940 4040 3940 


235 231- 


234 23050 


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226 226 234 


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145 14450 14460 
3850 38 38 

126 12348 12450 
30950 388 308.90 

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126 
305 
197 


93 89 91.10 0950 

116 11140 716 m 


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647 

820 

577 

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885 

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834 817 

579 577 

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314 

319 31080 

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622 

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2363 

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1938 

1959 

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14940 14170 14680 

141.90 


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1611 

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180 

18120 

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190 191JD 18950 

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18.10 

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535 

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565 

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299 

146 

382 

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SkaniCa Fas 
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422.90 41440 41540 411 JO 
834 826 83.5 B2S 

387 380.10 384 376 

raw 1016 1039 1014 
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13» 1334 134e 1328 

550 542 542 5^3 

34840 344 34640 341 

375 36540 36040 36720 


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184 782 18240 183 

166 16140 16240 16440 
81 00 0040 00-50 

222 21540 21640 221 

ffi 3}fl 330 32940 
79340 188 18840 191 

13540 131 13540 13340 

190 1» 790 790 

HO 101 10140 10140 
225 217 21940 22350 

193 19040 191 19140 


595 

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104000 101090 102500 1D40Q0 
4930 4760 4730 4780 

19800 19500 19600 19800 
15400 14900 15000 15500 
27000 25700 27 000 Z<WW 
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465000 457000 465000 457000 
30600 29700 30600 29700 
54400 52900 53500 54000 
42700 41700 4240d 42400 
64700 64000 64200 

70700 70500 70500 7071)0 


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<16 

<05 

8.06 

110 

ANZ BUog 

869 

7J1 

769 

8 

BHP 

1/ 

»<79 

1669 

16.75 

Boral 

161 

1S9 

360 

161 

BnwiblBlnd. 

21 JD 

2070 

2160 

2155 

CBA 

13 

1178 

1198 

1271) 

CCAiwa 

1413 

1197 

14.06 

14.05 

Gates AAyer 

<01 

SJ6 

6 

<90 

Cmoatcq 

oJa 

<30 

<35 

630 

CRA 

1869 

1065 

WTO 

1665 

CSR 

472 

<68 

<71 

<6 7 

firaenBren 

£58 

£54 

£57 

267 

Goodman FU 

166 

164 

161 

165 

IQ AoStmSa 

1160 

11 JO 

1160 

I1J4 

Lend Lease 

2265 

2166 

2263 

2176 

MIMHdffi 
Nat Amt Saak 

166 

165 

16S 

1 65 

><14 

1173 

Kll 

l<72 

N« MlfiBKU Hdg 

L9I 

164 

168 

163 

RswisCap 

<85 

181 

564 

564 

Pnclflc Dunkip 

126 

118 

122 

110 

Pioneer tort 

431 

<10 

<19 

<09 

Pah SreoAXst 

<M 

<53 

<47 

<51 

STGeageBwik 

86S 

768 

8 

760 

WMC 

76? 

760 

762 

781 

WestodcBUno 

WowSdePH 

7 

9J9 

<65 

9.U 

<67 

962 

6JU 

9.19 

Woohrartos 

162 

156 

158 

15/ 


Taipei 

Cdtaar Life Ins 
QiongHinBk 

□ilODriingBk 
CHna Doretpmt 
CMna Steel 
FfcSJBonk 
Fonnasa Ptastic 
Him Nan 8k 
lad carom Bk 
Noa Yo Plastics 
Shin Kaig Life 
TahMnSerei 
Tatunq 

Utd Micro Bee 
UMWeritfOun 


110 

165 

170 

163 

178 

174 

177 

174 

79 

77 

79 

76 

125 13050 

125 

122 


30.90 29 JO 

in 174 
7040 67 

135 122.50 
79J50 7760 
6550 47 4ft 
10740 101 3S 
80 77 

57 SS40 
6740 64 

76 7240 


Tokyo 


HBM 22S: 17783J7 
nramc jaioi jo 



Jon t, 1992m 100. 

Uwal 

Changa 

%eftana« 

muraa 

%chanB« 

+1504 ■ 

'•Woffffinaa;' 

"ijHTtT" 



Regional Imtaocm 

Asia/Pacific 

110.77 

■0.19 

-0.17 

-17^0 

Europe 

160.79 

+2.26 

+1.43 

+15.53 

N. America 

T75.96 

+1.42 

+0-61 

+37.17 

S. America 

138.61 

-0.90 

. -O.B5 

+55.67 

Industrial Incfcusa 

Capital goods 

175.76 

+Z94 

+1.70 

+32.27 

Consumer goods 

170.28 

+1.0S 

+0.63 

+2333 

Energy 

183.06 

+2.94 

+1.63 

+34.98 

Finance 

112.93 

<031 

+0.28 

-1124 

Miscellaneous 

156.63 

+1.06 

<0.66 

+15.33 

Raw Materials 

182.19 

+1^8 

+0.71 

+28.46 

Senrico 

142.74 

+0.81 

+0.57 

+18.95 

Utilities 

132.97 

-0.42 

-0.31 

+4.59 

The International Herald Tribune World Stock Index C tracks the US. dokar vaftras ol 


ZBOIntmnatKewBy mvastable stocks hom 25 awnttioa. For mom infor ma tion, atroo 
booklet is avaSabk) try writing to The Trib Index. 1ST Aram* Gtartoa eta GauOn, 
B2S21 NeuSyCodBX. Fiance. Compiod by Bloomberg Mono. 


Stock Matter Mm: UBMJ 

PfMtaws B46843 


31MB »J0 
170 174 

7040 6740 
734.55 132 

79 7740 
65.58 6250 
70740 10040 
7940 79 

57 5540 
66 6540 
76 73 



H*3h 

La* 

duo 

MttsaFudasi 

1330 

1290 

1290 

MUsuiTres) 

6)1 

509 

600 

MuninMtfl 

4730 

4700 

4700 

NEC 

1520 

1490 

1500 

Wtosn 

1920 

1830 

3090 

Nlllat Sec 

611 

5*0 

600 

Wtoeoda 

9350 

9140 

9300 

MtppEximss 

»S9 

038 

840 

Nippon M 

500 

491 

492 

Wppon Sted 

364 

359 

361 

IfcsmiiWoJw 

785 

/SI 

775 

NICK 

£62 

257 

25/ 

Homan Sec 

1230 

1100 

1190 

NTT 

8830a 

9720a 

H7XO 

NTT Data 

35000 

3430b 

34600 

09 Paper 

584 

572 

572 

Osaka Gas 

3S8 

282 

206 

steal 

1530 

1500 

1510 

Ratal 

9800 

vm 


Sakura Bk 

641 

619 

621 

5owtyo 

3500 

3350 

3400 


1280 

1230 

1230 


464 

450 

450 


7230 

7120 

7230 

Sedha li-ify 

5720 

5650 

5720 

Setter Otero 

1140 

1070 

1100 

Seklsul House 

1150 

1130 

1140 

Sevra-EJwen 

7750 

700 

7700 

Sharp 

1560 

154) 

1540 

StlWu El Purr 

1940 

1900 

1920 

Sfintai 

577 

554 

556 

Shk+etsuCD 

7S8i 


2500 

SUsehto 

1600 


)580 

Shtankaait 

1070 

1040 

1050 

SOOlwitt 

7650 

7550 

7580 

Sony 

9160 

9Wn 

9100 

5un®Bme 

065 

835 

836 

SianltoiiHi Bk 

1310 

I2U 

1250 


503 

m 

493 


1730 

mo 

1/10 

Surah MrtP 

795 

285 

208 

Swnlt Trust 

912 

m 

U/J 

Torsao phrom 

3170 

3om 

3160 

TokedoOtem 

2790 

2760 

Z790 

TDK 

9160 

9060 

9110 


1980 

I960 

1940 

Total Bonk 

916 

860 

aw 

TektaAfMne 

1200 

1180 

lira 

Tokyo El Pwt 

2170 

2)40 

2170 

Tokyo Election 

4770 

4710 

4740 

Tokyo Gas 

293 

285 

KJ 

Tofcyu Coro- 

60S 

995 

■ ll 

Twsai 

1160 

1130 

1)30 

Tappon Print 

1530 

1500 

1500 


7SS 

/IK 

«o 

Toshiba 

724 

711 

715 

Tosroro 


7580 

7600 

Taya Trust 


6«4 

600 

TDyttoWrtor 

Kr rr iB 

3430 

3440 

Yamanoudil 

2610 

2560 

2570 


1310 

613 

4730 

ISM 

1160 

661 

9750 

8SS 

497 

363 

786 

265 

1240 

S7IQb 

3510b 

587 

289 
1510 
9841 

648 
3530 
1290 
452 
7140 
5680 
7140 
1150 
7750 
1500 
1950 
5S2 
2550 
1590 
1070 
7638 
91 2D 
068 
7320 
499 
173» 
295 
913 
3170 
2790 
9180 
1970 
926 
1220 
2170 
4 770 

290 

604 

1160 

154) 

724 

707 

jiao 

735 

3460 

2560 


Methane* 

Mixne 

UranliiliMif lira# 

Nomdnlnc 
Nonwi Energy 
Where Tetecora 
Now 
Om* 

Ponato Penm 

PctroCda 

PfocerDane 

PocoPettn 

Pok&hSosk 


RtoAtgoei 
RogeaQMriB 
Seagram Co 

ShelCdaA 
Stone ConsoUS 
5anc or 
TaSsmai Ery 
TedlB 
Tefcgiobe 
Talus 
Thornsoa 
TaDuntBatk 


TrensCdoPtao 
Trimark FM 
Trtzec Hahn 
TVXGoto 
westcoaSEny 
Weston 


11.S5 

1140 

1140 

1114 

27 JO 

3660 

2A05 

2/ JO 

4U5 

41 V. 

4L30 

41.40 

28J0 

2760 

27.95 

20 

30 

29 

2940 

29 

9335 

92-65 

9» 

9214 

1M0 

11 

UM 

If JO 

2365 

23 

2365 

2310 

5<L5 

5<li 

5<15 

56 

17V. 

191* 

19 JO 

19 JO 

2<60 

24-15 

2 <20 

2470 

1335 

I3T0 

1335 

UM 

I0SW 

10415 

1041* 

105 

401+ 

.1974 

40 

40 

an* 

3295 

32JSS 

33-55 

24 

2370 

24 

24 


m 

59*6 

5385 

£3 

80 

1970 

19.95 

19M 

60M 

59.95 

am 

59.95 

41 JO 

4030 

40» 

JR* 

2340 

V9t 

28 

2B14 

3955 

39 

3995 

39.10 

2060 

TOM 

7X45 

209. 

27M 

2/ 

27 

77 JO 

3665 

3640 

3U3 

3630 

1<10 

1<95 

16 

16 


2506 

25L40 

25.15 

41V. 

4i jaw 

41.90 

3160 

31 JO 

sm 

31*65 

970 

9*5 

965 

945 

2415 

24 

MI5 

24 

6A55 

A/« 

6055 

671* 


Toronto 


TSEtatabtatt5814M 

PHHjsae5>»4) 

20.10 1940 19.90 19.95 
29 20.15 2BJ0 38.15 

4460 431» 43.45 4440 

I « ISH IS6fi \5J& 
4940 4045 4645 4920 
sue J7H SIJS SIM 
3216 32J0 3216 3245 

OM 6316 63,55 6335 
29,70 2WJ5 29 JIS 29375 
32J0 3245 32iS 34B 
2405 25V B 2535 

3080 30.10 30,10 3000 
127 L74 2J76 2L29 

SI SM 50LBS 5M 
31.95 3116 3145 3145 

4985 49 JQ 49J0 4940 
3240 3? 3240 32 

2Sto 251* 2680 55.10 
3W 3B90 3120 BJO 
3516 35 35.10 35 

24.10 2240 23.10 2163 

lino io iaio 10 

3495 2445 2485 2485 

31 31 31 31 

2L55 2240 2214 2245 
4285 4145 42 411a 

299-15 298 299.15 299ta 

2780 2735 2735 2740 
21 JO 2111 2145 2185 
MV 6930 49* 69ta 

1830 985 985 985 

4240 42-30 62,70 6230 
4340 4240 43.10 4M 
. 40 3980 3980 3985 
1845 18.15 IBM 1830 
4060 40.15 40W 40.15 

1885 1840 1070 18J0 
71 69 JO 70.15 70-10 


Wenna ^assisss 

Baefttor-Utktob 82450 813 816 81530 

CredBonat Ptd 441J0 *5680 4 Ssjo *sr 

EACenerel 3199 3150 3W3 3I«S 

EVN 1658 1640 1645 1668 

FOMhotenWen 577 jo 522 534J0 523 

OMV 1340.101315.10132330 1 326 

OeStEleHrtZ 842J0 830 840.10 842J0 

VA Stahl 469 46445 465.10 46750 

V A Tedl 173850 1709 17331701.10 

Wtaefberg Bau 2171 2134 2170 2174 


Wellington mst w ra a ra gw 

9 Pnvioac 222443 

AifNZeold B 388 385 IM OM 

Briotyliwt 139 137 138 138 

Carter Has ore HI in UN lw 

FTMdtOlBfdg 422 <19 430 432 

FWdiOi&iy 3.94 38B 388 383 

FWcn Or Parer 1J8 186 IJ7 186 

Hatch Oi Paper 283 282 282 284 

UOhNafhan 342 3138 039 340 

Telecom HZ 6J8 648 680 685 

Wtaon Horton 1184 11-M 1184 1188 


Zurich 

ABBB 

AdeccO B 

AlusotettR 

Ans-SennoB 

AMR 

BaarHitaB 

BdabtrHdoR 

BKVbtan 

CkatBOR 

Crt Suisse GpR 

BeUUMaUB 

Enatorele 


SPIM 
PlWfBiS: 289886 


B 

UecWereS LB B 

KowaOsR 

OaflraBuenR 

PraoesoHIdB 

PltoraiVtet B 

RfchetmO A 

PW8PC _ 

ROOKHdaPC 

SBCR 

ScNmaaFC 

SGSB 

SMHB 

SutrerR 

Sails Ritas ft 

SwbtakR 

UBS 8 

IMUMturR 
Zurich AssarR 


1731 1700 1731 

470 457 46980 

1180 1156 1173 
1895 ISti 1045 
895 AM 895 
1709 1695 1709 
2950 2860 2880 
045 838 043 

773 752 765 

16*75 16735 16025 
534 32 534 

MO 5^ 5930 
3980 3900 3930 
1110 1100 1166 
474 472 

1715 17W 
1783 1»1 
1 4435 14188 143 

1670 1650 1651 
733 720 736 

1899 1880 1095 
225 279 225 

12325 12190 12330 
30080 39780 399 

1730 1715 1715 
3085 3025 3855 
026 811 811 
950 *40 949 

U39 1506 1527 

1335 1316 1322 
1200 12S2 1271 
1653 1018 1049 
4S8L50 m *Q tjp 


158 


1701 

4S6 

1160 

1840 

916 

1692 

2860 

140 

752 

165 

536 

5845 

3900 

1®7 

471 

1696 

1755 

14080 

1650 

712 

IBM 

220 

17150 

298 

1717 

3000 

807 

940 

1SBS 

1336 

12» 

1601 






_ u .. - .. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


Wednesday’s 4 PJI. Close 

Nationwide ptaararfrefledkE^ta^ 

The Associated Pw5S. 




















































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY APRIL 10, 1997 


PAGE 15 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


i V se Trade Clout, Asia Is Urged Canberra Keeps Bank Curb 

Bloomberg News , . . • . 

Reform Plan Puts Off Mergers Among Top 4 Fin 

fluence tomato iwemafional damping mcasares to help in- , , _ 

uade rules work to its ad- 
vantage, Malayan’s interna- 

iLmia! * a * - 


®ea of disagreement between 
“** United States and many 
Aaan coumries. The U.S. 


dustnes that could not com- 
pete with Asian businesses. 
“Asia’s trading partners 


tianal trade nrini«W c^ toumncs - h* UJS. “Asia’s tratfing partners tonn package since ivtu on 

Wednesday ^ d secretary, Robert must accept the fact that Asi- stopped short of allowing me 

: : Rafidah Aziz said *7“?”“* has warned several an-owned and Asian-based country's four biggest banks. 

Asian . countries about their enterprises and industries 


expanding trade surpluses. 

^ Mrs. Aziz accused the 
United Sates and the 


*: Rafidah Aziz said Asia was 

,now die common economic 
denominator in the global 
economic equation. Cer- 


ALFRED BERG NORDEN 

Society d'lnvestissement a Capita! Variable 
Registered Office: 

L-TT40 Luxembourg. 26. route d’Arion 

R.C Luxembourg B 26149 

Shareholders are invited to attend the 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS 

which will be held at 26. route d'Adon, Luxembourg 
on April 18, 1997 at 1030 a.m. with the following 


CANBERRA — The government an- 
nounced the country's biggest financial-re- 
form package since 1983 on Wednesday but 
supped short of allowing mergers among the 


agenda: 


AGENDA: 


1 . Reports of the Board of Directors and Auditors. 

2. Approval of the financial statements as of 
December 31, 1996. 

3. Decision on allocation of net profits. 

4. Discharge of die Directors and of the Auditors in 
respect of the canying out of their duties during 
the fiscal year ended December 31 , 1 996. 

5. Reelection of the Board Members. 

6. Election of a new Auditor. . 

7. Miscellaneous business. 

NOTES: 

Holders of bearer shares may vote at the Meeting: 
in person by producing at the Meeting either 
share certificates or a certificate of deposit issued 
by their bank which will be issued to them 
against deposit of their share certificates, 

- by proxy by completing the form of proxy which 
will be made available to them against deposit of 
share certificates aforesaid. 

Share certificates so deposited will be retained until 

the Meeting or any adjournment thereof has been 

concluded. 

The Board of Directors 


enterprises and industries The measures remove a blanket ban on tain conditions. 

have caught up with those in foreign takeovers of banks and allow banks to The government’s changes were prompted 

the EU ami UA and can com- merge with life-insurance companies. by a report known as tbe Wallis Financial 

pete successfully.’’ she said. But Peter Costello, Australia's treasurer. System Inquiry. The changes abolish the so- 
“Asian competitive ad- said mergers among tbe country’s four called “six pillars’’ policy, which prevented 
vantages cannot be held biggest banks would not be permitted" for the mergers among Australia's four major banks 
against Asia, nor should the time being." He also said the government and two largest pension and life-insurance 
Asian economies and enter- would retain the power to veto mergers in tbe cratpanies.TlKfcw banks are Westpac Bank- 
prises be penalized for being financial sector. ing Cop., Australia & New Zealand Banking 

more efficient. ” “The policy will be reviewed when the Group Ltd., National Australia Bank Ltd. and 

China's prime minister, Li government is satisfied that competition from rite Commonwealth Bank of Australia. The 
Pbng, said Am had to go its new and established participants in the fi- life insurers are Australian Mutual Provident 
own way as its economies de- nancial industry, particularly in respect to Society and National Mutual Holdings Ltd. 
veioped. Asian countries are small-business lending, has increased suffi- Analysts welcomed tbe government’s steps 

“actively exploring their own riently to allow such mergers to be con- but said the continued bar to mergers among 
deydopoMztiputiisandRHznB- sidered,’’ Mr. Costello said. tbe big banks, even if temporary .'would de- 

lating their own development He also warned foreigners that they would appoint those who had built takeover pre mi- 
strategies,” he said. “They not be allowed to buy too big a share of urns into share prices of Westpac and ANZ. 


veioped. Aaan countries are 
“actively exploring their own 


irms 


Costello said of foreign investment in banking 
companies. “We certainly would not allow it 
to go as high as foreign ownership in the print 
media.” Foreign investors can bold as much 
as 25 percent of media companies under cer- 
tain conditions. 

The government’s changes were prompted 
by a report known as the Wallis Financial 
System Inquiry. The changes abolish the so- 
called “six pillars” policy, which prevented 
mergers among Australia’s four major banks 
and two largest pension and life-insurance 
companies. The four banks are Westpac Bank- 
ing Carp.. Australia & New Zealand Banking 
Group Ltd., National Australia Bank Lid. and 
the Commonwealth Bank of Australia. The 
life insurers are Australian Mutual Provident 
Society and National Mutual Holdings Ltd. 

Analysts welcomed tbe government’s steps 
but said the continued bar to mergers among 
tbe big banks, even if temporary, would dis- 
appoint those who had built takeover pre mi- 


stand for learning from each Australia’s banking sector and said each ap- 
ocber and drawing on each plication would be examined individually, 
other’s s tre n gt h to make up for “It can move off zero, but we won’t allow 

one’s own deficiencies.” it to go to substantial foreign ownership, "Mr. 


viewed as the most likely takeover targets. 

Westpac ’s shares closed at 6.67 dollars 
($5.21), down 0.20; ANZ fell 0.1 1 to 8.00. 

(Reuters, AFX) 


China Banks on New Bonds - e — br ' e l 'Y- 


Bloomberg News 

HONGKONG — China is beaded for its bzggesr round 
of international bond sales in three years as it steps up 
spending on toads, power plants and industry, brokerage- 
company executives said Wednesday. 

The government and banks plan to sell as much as $3.1 
billion of notes and bonds this year, more than six times 
what they sold in 1996. Beijing, satisfied that inflation is 
under control after a three-year austerity program, is 
allowing more funds to be raised abroad to fuel growth. 

like Thailand, India and others once shut out of in- 
ternational markets, China is turning to bonds to raise the 
billions of dollars it will need as its economy develops. 

China may pay less for its money than same other 
emagfog-marioec countries because investors arc starved 
for Chinese bonds and eager to bet on an economy that is 
growing 10 percent a year. 

Other Asian borrowers also look riskier than China 
these days. Thailand and South Korea are being plagued 
by bankruptcies, while Indonesia is heading into par- 
liamentary elections, leaving its future government in 
doubt 


Bong Kong 
HangSeng 

14000 — - 

' 13503 -|rnyJyU 
13000 jPif— - 

12000 

1,ot nd7f" 

1096 

Exchange 

HangXeng 


SttajtsTtfTBas 
2250 j^ra- 

2150 

■ 2100 j - • - 
2050- 


: Takfo •• 

' : m^ 22S 
— 22000 

— 

— 20W0— 

19000 -A- 


M~A ^N'D'j'F'liA' !70M N O J F M^j 


Sydney 

Tokyo 


Seoul 

Taipei 


Jakarta 
W e Bington " 
Bombay 

Soares: Teiekurs 


. index • ■ . 'Wednesd 

.-Ckue Cfear- 

Hang Seng ; . . 'njBMX 

Strafe times • 2,104?% 

ASOwgriaAffl St, 

jjjfcggj • 77,703137 

r Composite ' : 1,163^5 ■ 

m : ■ Ttaea ;• ffsafr 

Compost Index aftJRcl' 

Stodc MarkdtimteDt SJSS&82 8,460,83 

psg - . ; ~ 7. •; 

Composite Index ■ Closed 

NZS&40 ‘ 2,220.70 

Sens^yotndax a^CTLBB jgjg 

InkcnuskauJ Koald Trfcoac 


• Nomura Securities Co-’s president, Masashi Suzuki, said die 
scandal involving suspected illegal deals at Nomura would have 
a “severe’ * i impact on earnings, though die company could not 
make a specific estimate of the impact until it knew “whether 
and how much administrative punishment will be imposed.” 

• Taiwan’s share prices rose to almost a seven-year high. Tbe 
TaiwanStockExchangeindexrose 195. 19 points, to 8.655.82, 
its highest close since May 9. 1990, but analysts warned of 
escalating risks m the speculative mar ket. 

• Sooth Korea’s sales of imported cars rose 40 percent in 
March from a year earlier, to 952 vehicles, despite an overall 
slowdown in the market, the Korea Automotive Importers and 
Distributors’ Association said. 

• Standard & Poor's Corp. said restructuring in Japan's 
financial sector appeared to be gaining momentum after Nip- 
pon Credit Bank Ltd. and Hokkaido Takusboku Bank Ltd. 
announced reorganization plans last week. 

• China Aerospace Corp. and Digital Equipment Corp. of 
the United Stares signed a memorandum of understanding to 
make network computers in China, the China Daily repaired. 
The two companies are expected to sign a contract for the 540 
million project in June or July, with China Aerospace con- 
tributing at least half the investment, the newspaper said. 


• China and Vietnam concluded their first day of talks on a 
territorial dispute in the oil-rich South China Sea, Chinese' 
Foreign Ministry sources said. 

• Asia accounted for 165 percent of last year's operating 
income of 3.83 billion French francs ($663.9 million) at the 
international and finance division of Sodete Generate SA,. 
Fiance’s biggest commercial-banking concern; the unit, one of 
die banking company’s three divisions, posted a 30 percent 
increase in operating income from Asia, to 632 million francs. 

• Toyota Motor Corp^ Japan's largest carmaker, is con- 
sidering building a power station in central Japan to supply 
Toyota companies with electricity. 

• Shinawatra Satellite PCL said Thailand’s third commu- 
nication satellite would be launched next Thursday, five days 
after its originally planned launch date, by Arianespace. 
•Japan’s domestic shipments of color televisions and video- 
cassette recorders rose 15 percent, to 805,000 units, in Feb- 
ruary as shoppers rushed to buy electronic goods before the 
consumption tax was raised April 1 . 

• Negotiations for China's entry into the World Trade Or-, 

ganization will take several years, the U.S. deputy trade 
representative Jeffrey Lang said. Reuters, AFP. Bloomberg 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


Personate 

1 BAY THE SACHS) HEART OF JESUS ~ 
be stand, yoffied, land aed pesemd 
ttaoqjtout the sold, now and foray*. 


Stood heart of Jesus, 
Jude, worts; of ram 


tor ib. Saint 
pray torus. 


FDD: 061 


Start Jbds hstoer d f» topekxa. par 
torus. Amen. Thai you. 1 

THANK YOU SAOB3) HEART of Jesus 
andlSt Jude, prater of mto^fas. 
fra pRysrasRswal O.W. ’> • 


Announcements 


BARBIE AS 24 
All to AYHL 1907 
ft* Hon TVA an devte toceto 
{tnducSon dupontata nurdemarde} 
flenjfece In laramas arteueus 

FRANCE (aw 0 an Fffl ■ TVA 2DjBl 
go: an rote azi 

SCOT: 53B SCSP: 5,17 

: UK an A -TVA 17,5% (toU 8%) 

• GO 05229 FUte 0347B 

7 AilEUAG« pone J) Dltf • TVA 15% 
, ZOIEI- 6 : 

; GO: 1 JB 

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PAGE 18 


licral b^g^ Sribung 

Sports 




THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997^ 


World Roundup 


Bangladesh Wins 
And Violence Erupts 

CRICKET At least one man was 
killed and more than 100 injured in 
violence set off by Bangladeshi 


cricket fans in Dhaka celebrating 
the national team's semifinal win 
over Scotland on Wednesday in the 
International Cricket Conference 
Trophy tournament in Malaysia. 

The police said an unidentified 
man was fatally stabbed after he 
angered fans by spraying colored 
water on them. More than 100 
people were bun in a series of fire- 
cracker explosions and clashes be- 
tween revelers and protesters in 
Dhaka and the port city of Chit- 
tagong. die police said. 

Win or lose in Saturday's tour- 
nament final against Kenya, Wed- 
nesday's 72-run defeat of Scotland 
assured Bangladesh of a place in 
die 1 999 World Cup in England, the 
first lime the team has attained such 
heights. (Reuters) 

• In Sharjah, United Arab Emir- 

ates. Pakistan pulled off a 32-run 
victory Wednesday over Zimbab- 
we to enter the final of the three- 
nation Singer Akai cup. The 
Pakistanis, who scored a modest 
1S1 for 9 in their innings, dismissed 
Zimbabwe for 119 in 40.1 overs. 
Pakistan is to meet Sri Lanka in 
Friday’s final. (AP) 

Mesa Acquitted of Rape 

BASEBALL Jose Mesa, the Clev- 
eland Indians' star pitcher, was ac- 
quitted Wednesday of all charges in 
a rape trial. 

Mesa, one of baseball’s top re- 
lievers, had been charged with one 
count of rape, two counts of gross 
sexual imposition and one count of 
theft in complaints filed by two 
women. The jury of seven women 
and five men deliberated for about 
nine hours before reaching the ver- 
dicts in Cleveland. 

Mesa, 30. had faced up to 1316 
years in prison if convicted on all 
charges. A citizen of the Domin- 
ican Republic, he also could have 
faced deportation hearings if con- 
victed of any of them. A weapons 
charge against Mesa was to be tried 
later, and it was not clear when he 
would return to the team. (AP) 

Victory for Inter Milan 

UEFA CUP soccer Inter Milan 
took a big Rep toward its third 
UEFA Cup title in seven seasons 
with a 3-1 victory at home over 
Monaco in its first-leg, semifinal 
match on Tuesday night 

Maurizio Ganz, the Italian 
striker, scored twice for Inter in the 
first half and Ivan Zamorano, the 
Chilean striker, got the other 
against the French league leaders, 
also in the first half. Inter faded in 
the second half and allowed one 
goal — a 70th minute strike from 
the Nigerian Victor Qcpeba. (AP) 

• In a battle of penalty shots, 
Tenerife escaped with a 1-0 victory 
over Schalke 04 of Germany in 
their first-leg semifinal UEFA Cup 
match in the Canary Islands. 

Schalke had a chance to bring the 
to a draw late in the second 



to the left of the Tenerife net 
A Tenerife midfielder, Felipe 
Mmambies, scored from the pen- 
alty spot in the fifth minute. (AP) 


Norman Learns to Forget 1996 

On Eve of Masters, Guru Helps Golfer Think Positively 


By Larry Dor man 

New York Times Service 


AUGUSTA Georgia — Greg Nor- 
man was sitting at a dais in Augusta, his 
face serene, ms shoulders squared. A 
year after a Masters defeat so ghastly it 
has been called the worst collapse in 
major championship golf history, Nor- 
man was wearing an almost beatific 
expression. 

Collapse? What collapse? Memor- 
ies? What memories? 

“I'll just t hink about the good things 
I've done here,’’ Norman said Tuesday. 
“I'll think about the 63s I've shot here 
and the 64s I've shot here. If you keep 
thinking about the worst round you've 
ever had in your life, you're going to 
keep on playing that same round.’’ 

Freshly inspired after a one-on-one 
session with die motivational guru Tony 
Robbins, Norman c laims to have ex- 
punged the memories of die final-round 
78 mat turned a six-stroke lead into a 
five-stroke defeat at the very cold hands 
of Nick Faldo, who shot 67. If Norman 
were to somehow manage ro actually do 
that, and come back and play well here 
this week — possibly even contend — it 
would underscore once again just how 
resilient he is and perhaps alter the way 
he is remembered. 

“Let's face it,*' Norman said earlier 
this season, “I’m not the only one who’s 
ever blown a lead. I screwed up badly, 
but it’s happened before and it will 
happen again, to me or to someone else. 
That’s the nature of die game.” 

It has happened before, and many 
times. Major championship golf is rife 
with example after example of players 
failing to close the deal. Each in their 
own way have been poignant 


. Was Norman’s final-round 78 any 
more gruesome than the 81 suffered by 
third-round leader Gil Morgan in the 
1992 U.S. Open at Pebble Beach? Was 
it more painful to watch than, say, 
Arnold Palmer, blowing a seven-stroke 
lead with nine holes to play in the 1966 
U.S. Open at Olympic Club? How about 
the time Ben Hogan shared the 54-hole 
lead in the 1952 Masters with Sam 
Snead and shot 79 to tie for seventh? 

For excruciating collapses, wasn't 
Hale Irwin’s 79 in the final round of the 
1984 U.S. Open at Winged Foot — the 
same Open, coincidentally, in which 
Norman fought bis way into a tie with 
Fuzzy Zoeller only to be dusted by 
seven strokes in the playoff (68 to 75) — 
at least comparable? 

Irwin, who was burdened by the se- 
rious illness of his father at the time, 
completely lost his game that Sunday. 
His iron play was abysmal. He hit just 
over half the greens in regulation. Here 
he was, a two-time U.S. Open champion 
with 16 victories on die PGA Tour, and 
he collapsed like papier-m£cb£. 

"This is something that will either 
make me stronger or weaker, Irwin said, 
right after slamming his locker shut at 
Winged Fool 

Decide for yourself. Irwin, who was 
39 at the time, won four more tour- 
naments, including the 19$K) U.S. Open 
at Medinah. 

Because the stakes are so much high- 
er, the audiences so much larger and die 
pressure so much greater, collapses in 
major championships happen more of- 
ten. Jack Nicklaus is die exception to this 
rule, just as he is to most others. Of die 
10 times Nicklaus either led or shared 
the lead after 54 holes in a major, he won 
nine. Norman’s record is one of seven. 


None of which seems to faze him. 
Norman has appeared on three tele- 
vision specials leading up to the Mas- 
ters, ana with each successive appear- 
ance — first on **60 Minutes,’’ then on 
ESPN with Jimmy Roberts and then on 
the Golf Channel — he has s e emed 
more quietly determined to walk into the 
velvet vise that is Augusta and prevail. 

"Going back to Augusta,” he said on 
the Golf Channel, “will be the chal- 
lenge of my life.” 

And it will be. This place, more than 
any other course where major cham- 
pionships are played, can suffocate the 
leaders. The holes down in the hollow 
where Amen Comer sits are close to- 
gether, and the roars and moans re- 
verberate off the sides of Hills and 
bounce off die pine trees. 

The effect can be extremely unnerv- 
ing. “It’s hard to ignore it,” Norman 
said. The ghosts of many Masters lead- 
era past, particularly those who couldn’t 
ignore it, stand in testimony to that The 
shakiest Masters finish of all might still 
be Ed Sneed's. Up by two strokes at the 
turn in 1979, Sneed finished bogey- 
bogey-bogey and lost in a three-way 


playoff to Zoeller. 
Then 


there was Curtis Strange, who 
led Bernhard Langer by four strokes at 
the turn in 1985. Strange hit balls in the 
water at the 13th and 15th holes, shot 39 
and lost by two strokes. 

In a telling display of his obstinacy. 
Strange told the former U.S. Golf As- 
sociation executive director, Frank 
Hannigan, shortly afterward that be 
would “play the holes exactly the same 
way again.” 

"And you'd lose the damn tourna- 
ment again,” Hannigan replied. 

Norman has no plans to play the same 



Greg Norman taking a practice shot at Augusta before the Masters gets 
underway Thursday. Last year, he blew a 6-stroke lead in the final round. ’ 


way; after all, he went down in a hor- 
rifying slow-motion death that was evoc- 
ative of an old Sam Peckinpah film. 
Whether he wfll lose the tournament 
again, who knows? All he wants is the 
opportunity, whether it’s against Faldo or 
Tiger Woods or anyone else in the fiekL 
*' ‘I don’t care who I face,” he said. “I 


just want to be in that position again. 
And I think I’ve got a very good chance/; 
to be in that position. And I think 
can.” 

If be it won’t erase whaC 
happened here last year. But it might 
make it a lot easier for Norman to live. £ 
with the memory. ' 9 


Griffey Blasts 
6th Homer to 
Lift Mariners 


The Associated Press 

Ken Griffey Jr. hit his sixth home run 
and drove in four runs, and Jay Buhner 
broke out of a season-opening slump 
with his first homer and four runs batted 
in as the .Seattle Mariners bombed the 
Cleveland Indians. 14-8, in Seattle. 

AL Roundup 

Sandy Alomar tied an Indians record 
by homering in his fifth successive 
game on Tuesday night. He tied a ca- 
reer-high with four hits and drove in 
four runs. 

The Mariners’ manager, Lou Piniella. 
frustrated by his team's 2-4 start, was 
ejected by plate tmipire Derryl Cousins 
in the second inning. He then went on a 
five-minute dirt-kicking, chalk-raising 
tirade at home plate that delighted (he 
Kingdome crowd of 24348 and brought 
a smile to the face of Griffey in center. 

Cousins ousted Piniella for a com- 
ment he made while talking to the 
Seattle starter, Dennis Martinez, on the 
mound with the Indians ahead, 5-4. 

Griffey, who leads the American 
League in homers, went 3 for 5 and 
Buhner was 3 for 4. Albie Lopez (0-1) 
was the loser while Edwin Hurtado (1- 
0) picked up the victory. 

Red Sox 13, Athletics 7 In Oakland, 
California, Reggie Jefferson's second 



Woeful Start for the Cubsz 

Shades of ’62, as Marlins Send Chicago to 0-7 


Viaca* latam/Agme Fraacoftcws 

Edgar Renteria of the Marlins preparing to throw to first base after 
forcing out Kevin One of the Cubs at second. The Marlins won, 5-3. 


homer ignited a seven-run seventh in- 
ning that Darren Bragg capped with a 
grand slam. 

Bragg, who had an RBI single earlier, 
finished with a career-high five runs 
batted in and Jefferson hit a pair of two- 
run homers. 

Jose Canseco had four hits for Oak- 
land, including a homer and two 
doubles. But with the bases loaded and 
two outs in the sixth, Rick Triicek (2- 1) 
came on and got him to pop out. Can- 
seco was the only batter Triicek faced in 
picking up the victory. 

Boston trailed, 6-4, when Mo Vaughn 


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singled to open the seventh and Jef- 
ferson connected off Don Wengert Tim 
Naehring scored later on a wild pitch to 
make it 7-6 before the Red Sox loaded 
the bases for Bragg, who hit his second 
career grand slam. 

Angola 10, Yankee* 9 Gary DiSarcina 
got an infield hit with one out in die 
bottom of the 12th inning, lifting Ana- 
heim over visiting New York. 

The Angels, who tied it at 9 on Jack 
Howell’s pinch-hit sacrifice fly in die 
ninth off Mariano Rivera, ended a three- 
game losing streak. 

Edmonds sliced a double off Jeff Nel- 
son (0-2), the sixth Yankees pitcher, to 
start the 12th. Jim Leyritz, a former 
Y ankee who hit a two-run homer earlier, 
sacrificed Edmonds to third. 

Intentional walks to Garret Anderson 
and Orlando Palmeiro loaded the bases. 
DiSarcina hit the first pitch from Nelson 
up the middle, and Pat Kelly, the second 
baseman, backhanded the two-hopper. 

Kelly flipped to shortstop Derek 
Jeter, but Palmeiro beat the throw. Jeter 
made a relay, just in case Palmeiro had 
been called out, and DiSarcina was 
safe. 

Bhw Jay* ■> whit* sox Postponed by 
cold weather. 


The Associated Press 

The winless Chicago Cubs matched 
the worst start in their 122-year history 
as die Florida Marlins used Charles 
Johnson’s two-run seventh-inning 
doable to win, 5-3, and go five games 
over 500 (6-1) for the first time ever. 

The loss in the home opener Tuesday 
dropped the Cubs to 0-7, equaling ibe 
start of the 1962 team. A1 Letter (2-0) 
allowed five hits and three runs in six 

NLRovnbhp 

innings. Gary Sheffield fait his first 
homer of the season, and doubled and 
scored as die Marlins won their first 
road game. They were 28-53 away from 
Florida last season. 

Brava* 4, Astro* 2 Tom G la vine 

pitched seven shutout innings to beat 
Houston for die second time in five 
days, and Jeff Blauser went 4-for-4 as 
host Atlanta won its fifth strai ght. 

Kenny Lofton and Chipper Jones had 
two RBIs apiece for the Braves. 

Glavine (2-0) struck out four and 
walked two in his 300th career start. The 
left-hander stranded two runners in the 
second, third and fifth innings as the 
Braves improved to 4-0 at Tomer Field. 

Mark Wohlers pitched die ninth for 
his third save. 

Blansex had two doubles and two 
singles and has bad a hit in eight con- 
secutive at-bats, two shy of the NL and 
franchise records. He also scored three 
runs and is batting 342 (13-for-24) this 
season. 

Crdi i Mirt 2, Expo* i Willie McGee’s 
pinch-hit, solo home run with two outs 
in the ninth inning ended St. Louis's 
worst start in their 106-year history. 

The Cardinals’ 0-6 start included a 
three-game, season-opening sweep at 
Montreal. A crowd or 47,542 saw the 
NL Central, champions win their home 
opener and send the Expos to their 
fourth straight loss. 

McGee connected off Ugueth Urbina 
for his 74th home run in his 16th major 
league season. 

Urbina (1-1) got our of a bases-loaded 
situation in the eighth. 


After Ron Gant tripled off Dave c 
Veres, Urbina walked Brian Jordan and - 
John Mabry with two outs but then!! 
struck out Gary Gaetti on three pitches.- 
Reliever Marie Petkovsek (1-1) al-. 
lowed two hits and struck out three in; 
four scoreless innings for St Louis; 

H*t* s. Po d j * r* 2 Bobby Jones * 
pitched eight innings for his second, 
victory ana John Olenid went 4-for-4-~ 
for visiting New York. 

Jones (2-0) allowed three, runs and 
five hits before leaving fora pinch-hitter 
in the eighth. The right-hander’s 127-^ 
pitch outing helped the Mets win their-: 
third game this season in two hours, 37 ; 
minutes, following their five-hour, 15-1 


Greg McMichael, acquired in the off- “ 
season from Atlanta, pitched the ninth : 
for his first save. y. 

Bernard Gflkey and Todd Hundley' 
each (hove in two runs for the Mets, wher 
built a lead 4-1 after three innings • 
against Ismael Valdes (1-1). 

note* 2, oiants i Mark Leiter al- 
lowed three hits in seven innings and 
rookie Scott Rolen singled home the go-"? 
ahead run for visiting Philadelphia. 

Leiter (1-1), formerly with the Gi- 
ants, gave up an unearned run, walked. 
three and struck out two. 

Ricky Bottalico pitched VA 
for bis third save, striking out three, 
has saved all three Phillies* wins so far 
this season. With the scored tied at 1, the 
Phillies took the lead in the seventh with; 
an unearned run off Qsvaldo Fernandez.- 
Pirate* 2 , Patton o Steve Cooke com4 
bined with two relievers on a ooe-hitter^ 
earning his first victory in nearly three* 
years. ; 

Steve Finley cleanly singled to right? 
field with two outs in the first inning fon 
San Diego's lone hit. Cooke (1-1) be-; 
fuddled the host Padres for seven in-; 
rungs with his curvebaU and cfaangeup .1 
Tony Womack broke the scoreless be; 
with a two-out, two-run triple in the 
eighth. ; 

Cooke faced only three batters over; 
the minimum. He retired his. last 12 
batters and 1 9 of 20. He struck out three 
and walked one. 


*i 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 


I? 




•3* 


(vn tne r'ast Track, at 50 

Record-Breaking Sprinter, a New Student, 
Prepares to Compete on College Harsify 




By Marc Bloom 

-ifrii' riwtllMaSH'vfff 

ZT most versatile 
track-a po-fi eld athlete in the world is doc 
fee Ofynxpic decathlon champion Dan 
0;Bncn or the elite long jumper and 
peatathlete Jackie Joyner Kersee, but a 
^O-year-old accountant from &e Atlanta 
who hates to train, lacks confi- 
dence, worries about cellulite and reg- 
ulferiy defeats opponents half her age 
■But Philippa Raschker, who has set 

more to 100 worid records for her age 

in! an array of events, may finally find 
some good competition. 

^he has begun classes as a ftiD-time 
student at Life University in Marietta, 
Georgia, and she expects to receive 
clearance soon from the National As- 
sociation of Intercollegiate Athletics to 
compete as a freshman on the women’s 
track team. 

; Raschker, who lives in Marietta, has 
received an athletic scholarship and is ' 
taking business courses, 

;“The opportunity to go up a gainst 
younger athletes is very exciting,” said 
Rftsch k e r , who competes in everything 
from the sprints ami hurdles to field 
% events and the heptathlon. ‘Til finally 
* get pushed.” 

-Raschker, a native German who 
turned SO on Feb. 21 and had never 
attended college, would probably be the 
oldest person to, compete on a college 
varsity team in any sport 
There are no official records on the 
oldest college athletes, but changes m 
attitudes toward aging have led to more 
midlife members of college teams. 

With her eligibility imminent Ras- 
chker ’k fins: college meet could be the 
Sea Ray Classic on Saturday in Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, where she would com- 
pete in the pole vault, the heptaihlon and 
the relays. 

, Regardless of her college status, Ras- 
vefaker is scheduled to compete in die 


Penn Relays on April 24-26 in Phil- 
a delphia. She plans to ran the 100 me- 
ters for sprinters 40 and older and is 
entered in the open pole vault. 

"She’s phenomenal,” said . Miir* 
Spino, the Life University trade coach. 
"You don't think of Philippa as 50. She. 
competes like a 20-year-old collegian." 

Life University has an enrollment of 
4 »500, including the nine members of 
the women’s track team. Spino said thai 
at this season’s NAIA championships in 
late May, Raschker could mafa» the top 
three in dte heptathkm and win the pole 
vault, stffl a relatively new event for 
women, enabling Life to became a coa- 
teoder for national team honors. 

Even as opportunities for female ath- 
letes have flourished, Raschker, who is 
5 feet 4 inches and 115 pounds, has 
defied conventional views of gender 


Women in their 50s have recently 
shown endurance in events such as the 
lO-kflometear (6.2 miles) and die mara- 
thon, but it is unusual for someone at 50 
to sustain the excellence in die spri n t s 
and jumps that Raschker has. These 
events are usually the domain of power- 
ful, young bodies. 

Last year, at 49, Raschker ran the 1 00 
meters m 1242, a time drat would put 
her in die finals at most college meets. 
Then, she celebrated her 50d> birthday 
in February by going to amasters indoor 
meet in Birmingham, England. 

She won the seven events she entered, 
setting seven women’s world records 
for her age group. Raschker's time in the 
200 meters, her best event, was an as- 
tonishing 26-52 <»nnndg She broke the 
previous world age marie by 241 
seconds, a tour deforce not unlike Mi- 
chael Johnson's 1932 in the 200 at the 
O lympi c Games last summer. 

Raschker can run dose to 25 seconds 
for the 200 on an outdoor track, la fact . 
she is faster than any of die girls on the 
track team at Atlanta's St_ Phis High 



Mourning Fuels Heat 


Abe S. Wbos/Ttr fe* Yoi Ttn» 

PluUppa Raschker being coached by Phil Molkey at a track in Georgia. 


School, which she coaches. ‘‘Unfor- 
tunately,’ ’ Raschker noted dryly. * ‘I can 
also beat most of onr boys.” 

She can still top II feet in the pole 
vault, good enough to rank with die best 
U.S. women of any age. When com- 
peting against young vaulters, as she 
will utter this month, Raschker is re- 
garded with awe. 

"The athletes tell me I’m old enough 
to be their grandmother,” Raschker 
said. "They can’t believe what I can 
ftranmpHfih at this age.” 

This summer, ax the biennial World 
Masters Track and Field Champion- 
ships, in Durban, South Africa. Ras- 
chker will take on people her own age. 
She will compete in the 100, 200. 400. 


includes die climactic 800 meters. 

Masters track and field, which has 
been in die forefront of providing op- 
portunities for women with events such 
as die pole vault and triple jump, struc- 
tures competition in five-year age 


has won 27 world masters tides, not 
counting relays, in the 40-44 and 45-49 
divisions, and in Durban she will make 


her world championship debut in the 50- 
54 bracket 

Raschker will be joined in Durban by 
her longtime companion and coach, Phil 
Mulkey, a 1960 U.S. Olympian in the 
decathlon. Mulkey, 64, is a world mas- 
ters champion himself in die decathlon, 
pole vault and hurdles. 

“One time at an all -comers meet we 
anchored opposing teams in a mile re- 
lay,” Mulkey said. “She blew me 
away.” 

Raschker’s longevity can be ex- 
plained, in part, by her late arrival in 
athletics. She participated in track and 
swimming as a youth in Hamburg, but 
when she came to the United Stales in 
1967, she dropped sports. 

Still fresh and eager by the time she 
resumed track and field at age 33 in 
1980. Raschker won her first races. 

She has captured more than 100 U.S. 
national masters indoor and outdoor 
titles. In typical dominance ai die 1997 
masters indoor nationals in Boston in 
late March, Raschker won eight events 
despite limited training because of the 
tax season. 

“My accounting work takes 60 to 70 
hours a week,” she said. “Coaching 
teenagers is also very draining. I barely 
have the energy to work out’ 


The Assucuzed Press 

Alonzo Mourning had 35 points and 
18 rebounds as the Miami Heat rallied . 
from a 20-point first-half deficit to beat 
the New Jersey Nets, 94-92. 

Tim Hardaway added 26 points Tues- 
day night as visiting Miami staged its 
biggest comeback of the season in win- 
ning its fifth in a row. The victory. 

NBA BonNbUf 

combined with the New York Knicks’ 
loss to Cleveland, reduced Miami’s ma- 
gic number for clinching the Atlantic 
Division to two. 

Cavatms 93, Kracks 73 Terrell 

Brandon scored 25 points, Chris Mills 
and Danny Feny had 21 each and the 
visiting Cavaliers pulled into a tie with 
Washington for the eighth playoff spot 
in die East. Brandon also had 1 1 assists 
and ouiscored both of New York’s point 
guards. 25-0. 

Raptors loo, Buriats 94 Damon 
Stoudamire scored 29 points as Toronto 
slowed Washington's playoff drive. 
Stoudamire added a game-high 13 as- 
sists. Calbert Cheaney and Chris 
Webber had 21 points each for the vis- 
iting Bullets. 

Spurn 96, Nuggets 90 Monty Wil- 
liams sewed a career-high 30 points as 
San Antonio limited visiting Denver to 


35 second-half points. Williams added a 
career-high 10 rebounds. 

Magic 97, Buck* B2 In Milwaukee, 
Penny Hardaway scored 30 points, in- 
cluding seven in a 13-0 second-half run 
for Orlando. 

Mavericks 87, TtmU BlMB» 83 Sasha 
Danilovic scored eight of his 22 points 
during a key fourth -quarter run as the 
host Mavericks ended an 1 1-game los- 
ing streak. 

s«m ns, Tanbf wo hiM 107 Kevin 
Johnson and Wesley Person scored 23 
points each, and the host Suns q u a li fi e d 
for the playoffs for the ninth straight 
season. 

Lakem 109, Wamats 85 Kobe Bryant 
had a career-high 24 points, and Sean 
Rooks added 20 as the visiting Lakers 
eliminated the Warriors from playoff 
contention. 

Kings 108 , ftfnftu S3 Corli&s Wil- 
liamson and Brian Grant scored the 
Kings' first 17 points of the third period, 
powering a 1 9-8 run. Williamson scored 
12 points in fee third quarter and a 
season-high 24 for the game. Grant 
scored 19 points, one shy of his season 
high. 

Rockets 127, Clippers 117 Charles 
Barkley had 35 points, eight rebounds 
and seven assists — his best outing 
since returning from a hip injury four 
games ago. 


Lemieux Slaps but Can’t Hit 


The Asuviaied Press 

Mario Lemieux took a flurry of shots 
but couldn't score in his final regular- 
season home game as the Pittsburgh 
Penguins beat the visiting Boston Btu- 

NHL Roundup 

ins, 3-1. Lemieux, who formally an- 
nounced his retirement last weekend, 
put on a big show Tuesday night but 
missed all his ) 1 shots — six in a second 
period that saw him take all but four of 
fee Penguins' 10 shots. 


Dwib 2 , Lightning 2 In Tampa, Mar- 
tin Brodeur’s shutout streak ended at 
three games, but New Jersey extended 
its lead in the Eastern Conference race 
to two points. Jason Wiemer scored at 
11:43 of the second period to end 
Brodeur’s career-best run at 213 
minutes. 52 seconds. His best previous 
streak was 189:58, earlier this season. 

Red Wings 3, Flames 2 Tomas Sand- 
strom scored with nine seconds left in 
overtime to give Detroit a victory over 
host Calgary, pushing the Flames to the 
brink of playoff elimination. 


Scoreboard 


Major Leaoue Stamm nos 


east uranoN 

W L Pet SB 

Bamnore 4 2 J£J — 

Boston 4 3 ST\ 'A 

Detroit 3 4 ,429 TVS 

Now YOfk 3 4 .429 1H 

Toronto 2 3 .400 TVS 

CENTRA! OnaSJOM 

MBwautee 3 2 400 — 

Owtand 4 3 J71 — 

Minnesota 4 3 571 — 

Kansas CHy 3 3 500 VS 

(Mongo 2 3 J00 T 

WHSTMVtSKW 

Oakland 4 3 -571 — ' - 

Aoaiwlm 3 ’ 4 A29 1 

Seattle 3 4 jf 39 ' X' 

Tons 2 3 .400 1 

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east nmsjoM 

W L PcL CB 

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Attortn 5 2 JI4 1 

MOfdlwri 3 4 .42? 3 

New York 3 5 575 3VS 

PMtocMpMa 3 S JH » 

cernuLoivmoN 

Houston 5 2 .714 — 

Chdnnali 3 4 .42? 2 

Ptfebugli 3 4 .429 2 

St Louts 1 6 .143 4 

'Chicago 0 7 500 5 

WESTDIVHKMt 

CDtondO 5 2 .714 — 

LasAngdes 5 3 52S VS 

SanDtogo 5 3 JOS 14 

San Francisco 4 3 571 1 

nuMriiMifcom 


Boston 133 B00 72B— 13 17 2 

OMtaed 402 BN B01-7 12 B 

MMafMd. Hammond □), Tttkzk (6). A 
Henry (7) and Hoseiranv W Atoms. 


Wongart (4). R. Lawk Ut, Groom C73, Aa* 
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■ NATIONAL LEAOUE 

noitde - IN IN ions B 1 

CHcage 011 010 BBB— 3 7 1 

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y-Chtoogo 66 

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52 24 At A 

27 39 Ml 21 IS 

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a 56 -M3 3816 

a 56 -243 38W 

12 56 -.154 47VS 


NBA Stand rbos 


ATLANTIC DMSION 

W L Pet SB 

5B 1» JO - 


SrtJLLOtam S2 24 584 — 

»Soafife 52 Jt At - 

frftrtfaad 45 33 577 B 

x-Ptwenis 37 39 .487 15 

LA. CSppers 3t 42 447 18 

S o onmento 31 *S jm 21 

Golden Stoto a 4B 558 24 

Cy-dlncfted dMslon BtW 
Cx-CBnchedptoyort berth) 


NUra eseto a II 30 29-107 

P B eraft 21 32 » 32-llf 

M: Mnrirary 1D-183J 27, Garnett 5-14 B-ll 
2Ct P; Johnson 7-1 6 9-9 23. Person 7-8 2-2 23, 
Manning 6-10 8-12 20. 

Rebaaods— Minnesota 57 (GogBoOa, Gotten 
123. Phoentx 49 (WBams 129. 
Assftfs-AUnMsato I9(Mraftwy«. PtMenh 
27 OOddl3). 

Haastan a » 2* XI— 127 

LA CBppea 27 » 37 28-117 

H: Barkley 10-16 13-14 3X Ele 4-9 W 18c 
LAj scaly 10-17 3-3 26, VaugM 8-14 X4 


lB.BMmrali Hniatnn 48 (Bakley ©. Las 
Angeles 44 (Wright 7). Assists— Hotston 21 
(Bakley 7). Lae Angelas 27 (Bony, Martin 
Si. 

LA. Lakers 30 35 IB 26-lOt 

Gahtoa State 1* 15 24 26- BS 

LAj Biyaat 9-11 4-7 24 Rooks 69 B-B 2(k 
G5-- Smith 9-21 8-8 2&MuBn 58 1-1 11. 
Rabaaods-Lra AngMes 4B (Krdgit Rooks 7). 
Gakton Stole 47 (Snlto 111. Atstote-Us 
Angeles 22 (Fhtwrti, Golden State 25 tPrtce 
7L 

Vrarara 23 23 is 29-93 

SoLuaamto a 15 a 30— ie* 

V: Reeves 10-21 B>9 28. AbduHWdm 6-16 
7-10 1% S: RUunond 8-12 M 26, WIBamon 
9-11 5-7 24.Rabaunds— Vtanaxwer 59 

(Reeves IS, Sacramento 43 ISmtth 1©. 
Autlh M juc ouver 21 {Anttxxiy 9), 

Saaranerfoa (Hurley 1©. 

Wmtoeptaa ... 24 22 20 28— M 

Torawte 24 31 23 22— IN 

W-.Qieraray 10-1404121, Wrhher 8-174-5 
21; T: Stoudamire 11^21 7-829.WBSmns8-18 
55 24. Rihmiad* WptodngtoR51 (Howard. 
Webber, Muresan 7), Toronto S3 (Raeler 101 . 
AraMtf wa* Btegtoa 33 (SWdtland 111, 
Toronto 29 (Stoudamire 13). 

Mtari 15 N 31 18-94 

New Jersey 31 S 19 19- 92 

M: Mounting ixa 9-12 3& Hardaway 10- 
Z1 0-2 26) tLL; tattles 9-182-221 G01 9-191- 
1 21. Itaharartr Mtranf 47 (Maurntng Ta}, 
New Jeraay 54 (Montross 15). 
Arafat* Wand 16 CHmttoway 51. New 
Jersey 18 (CasseflS)- 

Onetowd 25 W 29 25- 93 

New York B M H 15— 73 

C Brandon 11-222-225, MBs M0 041 21. 
Ferry 8-15 2-2 21; N.Yj Ewing 8-181-1 17., 
Houston All 3-4 14. IMmrwtK Oawetand 
39 (MBs 12), New York 44 Uottana Elwng 
101. Assists— Oevetond 26 (Brandon 11), 
Now York 20 (Vtard 67- 
Ottoad* 1* 27 2# 38-97 

MBa tod n i a a 14 21—82 

O: Ha ntawoy11-1BA73(L Scott 5-15 4-4175 
M: Rabiman 8-20 5-5 22, Baker 9-15 1-1 19. 
Rebooara— Ortando 46 (Strang 16), 
MHwautraa 49 [Baker 171. A ratrti O ttando 


IS (Hardaway 10). MBwwdree 12 (Douglas 

4). 

Perttaari 12 31 a 15- 82 

DNos 26 19 15 27— 87 

P: CRotenson 6-160-015, Trent 4-05-SIX* 
D: Dorttortc 6-14 69 22, Bradley 618 7-9 
IT UNiiawli rntltmiil 43 (Anderson BL 
Didtas 57 (Green 14). Assists— Portland 16 
(Andenrai 9). OaHas » (Pads 9). 

Drawer 29 26 9 26-90 

Saa Aatanlo 22 22 22 30—96 

D; McDyass 5-15 7-12 17, EJatmon 8-11 
0-016, SAj wnoms 14-26 2-4 30. Alennder 
7-190015. MBraradB-OenwSB (McDyess 
18), Son Antonio 76 (Anderson 16). 
Assists — Denver 23 (A8en 7), San Antonto Z2 
(Alexander?). 


NHL STANDI960S 


ATLANTIC DIVISION 


w 

1. T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

44 

21 14 

102 

223 

173 

44 

23 12 

100 

263 

204 

33 

28 19 

85 

213 

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37 

33 10 

84 

250 

224 

X 

39 10 

70 

208 

240 

30 

40 9 

6 ? 

197 

224 

lb 

39 12 

68 

231 

237 

HEA5T DIVISNW 



W 

L T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

39 

a 1 ? 

90 

229 

198 

38 

33 8 

84 

277 

265 

30 

35 14 

74 

ai 

269 

31 

n ii 

73 

216 

244 

2B 

36 IS 

71 

217 

2» 

25 

45 9 

59 

226 

290 

KM CONHIIDKl 



z -Colorado 
x- Anaheim 

«- Edmonton 36 35 8 » 243 233 

VOnawvro 33 40 7 73 246 265 

Calgory 32 39 9 73 21 D 2a 

LosAngetes a 42 11 63 20S 261 

Son Jose a 45 8 60 203 269 

U-CH netted cSvfston rate) 

0 c dtodrad playoff berth) 
TDXSOAT’8 RXSULTS 
Bastea 0 8 1—1 

Ptltstrargb 1 l 1-3 

First Period: P-Beronek 3 (Hocher, 
Nedvea) (pp). Seaton Perf ec t P-Kedved 30 
(Hicks. Okzyk) Third Period: B-Wteon 6 
(Beers. Roy) 4. POtezyk 23 (Lemieux, 
Frands) (mi). Shots on gaak B- 13-17-9-39. 
P- 11-10-7—28. Codes: B-Carey. Schafer. P- 
Udtote. 

NewJenoy Oil 0—2 

Tmpa Bay 0 2 0 0—2 

First Pertad: None. Second Period: T- 
Wteffter 9 (Bradley. ScBwmoV) X M_l.- 
MocLeon 27 (Pedersoa Pandotfa) X T- 
Crass 4 . Third MM NJ^PauSatta 5 
(GBnoar, McKay) Overitara None. Shots oe 
goat NLL- 12-1 1 -1 1-2-36. T- 10-169-4-39. 
Goa fim NJ.-Brodeur. T-TabaraacL 
Detroit 1 8 T 1-3 

Calgary 18 18-2 

First Period: D-Yzarnwn 20 (Murphy) 
(pp). X C-Stem 7 (Word. Hufse) Second 
Period: Norte. Third Period: D-Yzwmon 21 
(Murphy. Fodornv) (pp). 4. C-AWen 11 
CMdnnti Stamen) Overtfrae: X D- 
Sandstram 17 (Udstram, Larionov) Shots aa 
poaL- D- 96-9-1 -25 lC-M-7-2-25l GoaBeC 
D-Osgood. CRokKon. 


PACtRC MVtSKW 

W L T Pts GF GA 
48 22 9 105 272 196 
34 33 13 81 237 229 
a 35 8 » 243 233 
33 40 7 73 246 265 

32 39 9 73 210 2a 
a 42 11 63 205 ai 
a 45 a 60 203 269 


»-New Jersey 
x-Ptdadetphki 

x- Florida 
sr-N-Y. Rangers 
Tampa Bay 
WasMtgton 
N.Y. Wonders 


x- Buftata 

i-Ptllnegi 

Montreal 

Hartford 

Ottawa 

BaMoa 


CENTRAL OmSION 

W L T Pis GF GA 
Z-OaflB 47 24 8 m 246 189 

X-Depoa a 24 17 93 247 188 

x-Phoenix 37 M 7 81 230 235 

SL Louts 33 3S II 77 227 237 

Chlcogo » 34 13 77 211 204 

Toronto 29 42 B 66 223 264 


WEST MDtES VB. MDIA 
TUESONV. IN ST JOHITS, ANTIGUA 
West Indies bndngs: 333-9 (dectorad) 
Indio Innings: 21 2-2 
Match deduced a draw 


PAKISTAN vs. ZMBABWE 
WHMESOAT. IN SHARJAH. UAE 
PaUstan innbtgs: 151-9 flnnbigs dosed) 
Zhnbabw* tontogs: 119 ail out (40.1 oven) 
Pakistan daL Zimbabwe by 32 rum 
Pohtsnn wlU meet Sri Lanka In Itia Anal 
in IlKWfl l—MII 
BAWOLAPeSH VS. SCOTLAND 
WEDM80AK IN KUALA UMPUH 
Bangkxtodi tanlngs: 243-7 (Sloven) 
Scotland InnlngK 171 ad out (445 avers) 
Bangladesh deL Scotland by 72 runs. 


SOCCER 


tanuu, ntBT leg 
Tenerife l.SdMrikeO 
Intemaztonole X Monaco 1 


Jordon 0. United Arab Eminries 0. 


RANSITIONS 


MAJOR LEAOUE BASSALL 
AMBHCAN LEAGUE 

Demon-- Signed IB Bob H ame fln to m6 
noHeague centred and assigned hto to 
TotatolL 

. Seattle -B ought conbadot RHP Derails 
Martinet Destgnoted RHP Salomon Tams 
for assignment. 

texas— P ut OF Wdrran Ne man rat 15-day 
d h r dded Ost refreaahra to April X Bought 
oortradoriNFDawSBvcstri barn Oklahoma 
CHy. AA. 

NATKMAL LEAGUE 

anaNKATl -Acquired RHP Scott KBtgrar- 
bedc from MinnesatoTwfnstorfUtuecon- 
sktorattons and anigned trim to IndtanapaOG 
AA. 

ST. lduis— Put LHP Lanca Painter an 15- 
doy Ctaefatod BsL retreodh* to April 5. Coflad 
up C Danny Sheoffer from LpuMBx AA. 


' DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


gDUOmON DIBECTOKyI 



iT-i33(P)I4l43W76 

Or your nearest iHTc^e 

oriqweseniative. 


etnr Why mo/ W. ty W Bte teU » e pm Mm tnp 





















PAGE 30 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1997 


ART BUCHWALD 

Damage Control 


W ASHINGTON — What 
the country needs more 
than anything else right now 
is a U.S. Secretary of Damage 
Control — someone who can 
step in as soon as the political 
alarm bells go off, and who 
can put out the 
fire before too 
many adminis- 
tration officials 
start jumping 
off the Wash- 
ington Monu- 
ment. 

My nominee 
for the job is 
Martha Stew- 
art, who has made her living 
telling Americans how to 
avoid burning their hot bis- 
cuits, and how to give oomph 
to their rock gardens. 

I envisage the position as 
follows — Martha has an of- 
fice next to the president's 
with an Internet hot line to A1 
Gore. 

□ 

As Damage Control Sec- 
retary. she has more power 
than Madeleine Albright at 
the State Department 
When Martha arrives at her 
desk, her impeccable sense of 
smell alerts her to something 
in the air. “Is that the aroma 
of coffee?” she asks. 


The Gift of Poetry 

Reuters 

MIAMI — Last-minute tax 
filers in seven ILS. dries are in 
line for a treat that may reflect 
their thoughts at tax time: 
‘ ‘April is the crudest month.” 
The Academy of American 
Poets will give out free copies 
of T.S. Eliot's “The Waste 
Land" to those who line up at 
post offices between 10 P.M. 
and midnight April 15 to mail 
tax forms on time. “April is 
the cruellest month” is the 
poem's opening line. 


Her secretary confirms that 
it is. Martha storms into the 
Oval Office and admonishes 
the president: “I thought I 
told you, ‘NO MORE COF- 
FEE KLATCHES.' ” 

The president says, “I was 
just making it for five guys 
from Shanghai who want to 
give the DNC a million dol- 
lars.” 

“1 don’t care. I've told you 
a hundred times that you can’t 
have coffee and damage con- 
trol at the same time.” 

“But they've come all the 
way from China and they 
haven’t had a decent cup in 
months.” 

□ 

Martha turns off the coffee 
percolator on the president's 
desk. The president says, 
“Fine. Now you go up to the 
Lincoln Bedroom and break 
the news to them that they 
have to go down the street to 
Starbucks if they want some 
decent java.” 

Martha shrieks, “What are 
they doing in the Lincoln bed- 
room?” 

“They promised me a mil- 
lion dollars if they could sleep 
there and have their picture 
taken with me In my White 
House bathrobe. I threw in the 
coffee as a bonus.” 

“Mr. President, with all 
due respect, I can't be your 
Secretary of Damage Control 
if you keep letting strangers 
sleep ail over the second 
floor. You promised me that 
if I took the job you'd stop 
fund-raising.” 

The president said, “But 
the heat is on with the fund 
raising and you have to help 
me out If I can 't give coffee to 
potential donors, or let them 
sleep in the Lincoln bedroom, 
the only thing I have left to 
offer is a ride on Air Force 
One. The trouble with that is, 
the last donor who took the 
plane never brought rt back.” 



Wynton Marsalis’ Road to the Pulitzer 


By Mike Zwerin 

Inurnanonal Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — After a French composer of his 
acquaintance turned down the Legion of 
Honor on political grounds, Erik Satie, in a 
variation of an oft-told tale, remarked that 
the problem was not so much turning down 
the prize as having been offered it in the first 
place. 

On Monday, Wynton Marsalis became the 
first jazz composer to win a Pulitzer prize for 
music for his extended composition "Blood 
on the Fields” for jazz band and three singers. 
It portrays the history of blacks in America. 

“Oratorio is the word people use for it,” 
Marsalis told Mary Campbell of The As- 
sociated Press. “It's about the relationship of 
a man and a woman, a man's relationship to 
change and an attitude towards injustice. It's 
about the power of forgiveness — which 
doesn't mean acceptance. It uses a lot of 
different styles from things that have been 
done in jazz music.” 

Musically, he is exactly the sort of person 
the people who award such prizes can be 
comfortable with. A conservative. 

He wants to conserve the values of the 
straight-ahead jazz tradition and revive them 
in the music of the present. Taking into ac- 
count the vapidity on the best-seller charts, 
this is a good fight. It's the exclusivity in- 
volved. the idea that there is only one tradition 
to uphold, that causes some people prob- 
lems. 

The prize is not for originality. Marsalis 
never broke new ground and it is doubtful be 
would claim that be did, although recently he 
has begun to investigate new forms. There 
would be no “Blood on the Fields” without 
Marsalis' main man Duke Ellington. 

Ellington was the first to write extended 
suites for big band, to treat a big band like a 
symphony orchestra: and he often incor- 
porated multiple voices. Like Ellington, 
Marsalis organizes jazz timbres and impro- 
visation into an orchestral framework. 

Somebody once said that all new ideas go 
through three stages — the joke, the threat 
and the obvious, and you would have been 
laughed at had you described the Duke El- 
lington who led the band at the Cotton Club 
in Harlem in the 1920s as “one of America’s 
greatest composers.” Ellington's honors 
came after his nobility was obvious. 

In the early days, Louis Armstrong ribbed 
Bird and Dizzy by singing something about 
poor little hoppers who have lost thetr way. 



Ed ReOr;m» Awoctard Fr» 

Marsalis is the first jazz composer to win a Pulitzer Prize for music. 


die 


A joke, right? Thelonious Monk was literally 
laughed off bandstands ai first Who’s that 
funny piano player? Now “ ’Round Mid- 
night” is elevator music. And so on. Mu- 
sically, Wynton Marsalis was born in the 
threat stage. 

Recently, I interviewed Marsalis 
Jazz in Marciac festival. We chatted 
ward and spoke about how positive it was to 
bring the music to the nice folks from the 
French countryside down there. After be con- 
trasted it to the poverty, violence and ugliness 
in American cities. I mentioned in passing 
that Miles Davis's album “Tutu" is the per- 
fect reflection of today's urban environment. 

Oops! It had slipped my mind, how vir- 
ulent be was in his dislike of Miles’s rock 
period. He had been going on and on about it 


for years. There was a baleful look and he 
said: “I guess we’ll just have to disagree 
about that.” 

More illustrations of that mindset Con- 
servatives hate the bass guitar. Duke El- 
lington never used a bass guitar. Ergo, the 
bass guitar has no business in jazz. Period. 
Some musicians in the tradition are so con- 
servative that they do not believe in 
lifying an acoustic bass. A bassist who i 
the help of artificial amplification is a wimp. 

In the same vein, so-called “Euro-Jazz * 
is considered an oxymoron. Jazz that is not 
blues-based is unworthy of the name. The 
people who play Euro-Jazz are by definition 
mostly white. Sure, some of them can play, 
but they are, you know, different It is not a 
coincidence that Chet Baker was more ap- 


preciated in Europe. A young Wack sax- 
ophonist today is unlikely to be acquainted 

with the work of the late Art Pepper. And so 

on. ,. 

There is something just a bit con- 
veniently commercial about Marsalis brand 
of EUingtonia. His septet perforated m the 
prestigious Theatre des Cbaxnps-Elysees a 
few years ago. Spiff ed-np old-tune Does 
were followed by wah-wah mule solos. 
There is nothing like a trumpet or trombone 
with a wah-wah mute to bring down a house 
foil of people who can afford to pay $40 a 

ticket. . , . 

Yes there is. For all ns intellect ual sheen, 
the music referred to above can be compared 
to a saxophonist honking or squealing in oik 
of those packed Dixieland clubs that ca te r to 
busloads of Swedish and Japanese tourists 
on Bourbon Street ar m Sainr-Ctarxnain-des- 

Pres. , ... 

On the other hand, a lot of cnttcs are 
Jealous of Ma rsalis ’ success and threatened 
by his power. As director of the lincnln 
Center Jazz Program, Marsalis is pretty 
much the king of New York, lx sticks in then- 
gorge to admi t that — whether playing jazz 
or classical (he baa won Gramm ys for Doth) 
— he is a trumpet player and a half. 

Ironically, his trumpet playing can be best 
appreciated in the simplest context. An aftw- 
hoors jam session, for example, or playing a 
quiet like “Lush Life.” He has his 
own sound, you could trick him our blind- 
folded. He is qualitatively different from the 
competition. 

He is also a wonderful PR man, in the most 

positive sense of the term. Because of h i m , 
often starring him, jazz is increasingly a front 
page story arid can be heard on prime time 
radio and television. He represents respect- 
ability with a soul. He is to be thanked for 
whatever truth there is in all of the recent 
"‘revival” talk He is also a natural-boni 
teacher. Tbe way he conveys the fun of 
improvisation to children is inspirational. 

“Blood on the Reids” is about the Afric- 
an-American experience. In the trig picture, 
it is nothing but positive that an articulate 35- 
year-old African-American jazzman has 
won a Pulitzer for dealing with this subject. 
Not thflr many years ago, we would have 
complained about the impossibility of such a 

thing 

Let’s take our hats off to him. Our world is 
a better place with Wyn&on Marsalis aro und 
Tbe question, however, remains: What 
wouldErik Satie say? 


j* - . 1 ' 



»■ 


. V * 







t 

l 

forth** 1/1 



f 


,1 • , m \: r . 




PEOPLE 


PM wnra/ior At w no vn ran 

EVTTA ON THE ROAD — The actress Ester Goris and director Juan 
Desanzo at the screening of “Eva Peron” at tbe Madrid film festival. 


O NE DAY Kilauren Gibb was surf- 
ing the Internet when a picture of the 
singer JonI Mitchell convinced her that 
the musician was the birth mother she 
had sought for years, the Toronto Star 
reported. Gibb, who has just returned to 
Toronto with her 3-year-old son after a 
19-day reunion with Mitchell at the sing- 
er's Los Angeles home, started her search 
with only a few Acts about her natural 
mother. But it was not until she surfed to 
Mitchell’s home page and found 14 
points of comparison that she was sure 
she was the daughter of the Canadian- 
bom folk singer. Mitchell explained to 
the Los Angeles Tiroes the reason for her 
giving the child up fra - adoption: “The 
main tiling at the time was to conceal it 
The scandal was so intense. A daughter 
could do nothing more disgraceful. It 
ruined you in a social sense. You have no 
idea what the stigma was. It was like you 
murdered somebody." 

□ 

King Carl XVI GnstaTs classic 
cherry-red 1966 GTO convertible failed 
its annual inspection on eight counts. 


most notably weak brakes, loose steer- 
ing and emitting too much carbon 
monoxide, the newspaper Expressen re- 
ported. The king made a splash last year 
when he drove the car through the 
streets of Stockholm with Crown Prin- 
cess Victoria perched on the back to 
celebrate her graduation from high 
school. He has a month to make the car 
fit for the road. 

□ 

The parents of sextuplets bom last 
month m a New York City suburb had 
one less expense to worry about — col- 
lege tuition — after the State University 
ofNew York at Stony Brook offered free 
tuition to all six, who would graduate in 
the class of 20 15. The offer, four years of 
school for six students, is worth $8 1.600 
today, university officials said. “Now I 
don't have to get that third or fourth job/' 
joked the babies’ father, Rocco Boniello, 
a technician for the Nynex telephone 
company. Beverly Boniello. their moth- 
er, is a mail carrier for the U.S. Postal 
Service. The four girls and two boys were 
born at the university’s hospital in Stony 


Brook, a New York City suburb, on 
March 24. They remain in an incubator. 

□ 

The yacht that once belonged to the 
bankrupt French tycoon Bernard Tapie 
is being sold by court order for $63 
million, barely half tbe asking price. 
Tapie renovated the 74-meter (245 foot) 
Phocea at great expense, but he was 
convicted for fraudulently passing off 
the costs as business expenses and re- 
ceived a six-month sentence for tax eva- 
sion. The Marseille law firm that was 
instructed to sell tbe boat by a Paris court 
said Wednesday that it bad negotiated a 
sale for 363 million francs to Tranquil 
Limited, a private Virgin Islands com- 
pany. which will be final in eight days if 
tire court approves. 

□ 

Sheila Ranch Kennedy, the ex-wife 
of Representative Joseph P. Kennedy, 
says she has appealed the Catholic 
Church’s decision to grant them an an- 
nulment. She wrote m her upcoming 
book, “Shattered Faith: AJWoman’s 


Struggle to Stop tire Catholic Church 
From Annulling Her Marriage,” that 
she cannot accept the annulment be- 
cause she took their 12-year marriage 
seriously. The couple — he Catholic, 
she Episcopalian — had twin sons dur- 
ing die marriage and divorced in 1991. 

□ 

Almost 40 years after his graduation 
in 1958, the Oiy College of New York 
is naming « new center after retired 
General Cohn PowdL The Colin L. 
Powell Center for Public Policy Study 
will open at the college this falL 

■ . □ • 

Andie MacDowefl and 300 neighbors 
jammed a public hearing to protest plans 
to run an oil and gas pipeline through 
their pristine Nmemile Valley commu- 
nity in Montana. MacDoweU said it was 
“difficult to comprehend how you could, 
even contemplate” running the pipeline 
over a moantain pass inaccessible for six 
to eight months each year, even by snowr 
mobile. A leak could go undetected for 
aU of tirose months, the actress said 


3 “ 


Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 


makes calling home and to other countries really easy 
Just dial tbe AT&T Access Number for the country ■ 

" 'f: 

you’re calling from and we’ll take it from there. And . 
be sure to charge your calls on your AT&T Calling 
Card. IfU help you avoid outrageous phone charges \ 


on your hotel bill and save you up to 60%? Low^ates 


stays mainly in the plain. 


and the fastest, clearest connections home 24 hours 


a day. Rain, or shine. Thar’s AT&T Direct" Service. 


Please check the list below for AT&T Access Numbers. 


AT&T Access Nmnhers 


EUROPE 


Steps to fellow for easy calHng worldwide 
t. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the counter you 
an? tailing from. 

1 Dial the phone number you're calling. 

3 Dial the calling cud number listed above your name. 


Austria *o . . 

Belgium* 

Czech Republic*. 
France 


Grams* 

Intend 

Italy* .... .. . , 
Netheriaads* .... 

Spain 


... - 022 - 983-011 
0 - 800 - 188-10 
..OMZ-OBMin 
. 0 * 00 - 99-0011 
..... 0130-0010 
100 - 000-1311 
1 - 800 - 550-000 

172-1011 

0100 - 022-9111 
.. 75W8C 
. JJSMWJS-11 


Sweden... 

Switzerland* 

United Kingdom* 


.. 020 - 795-611 
. 0800 - 89-6011 
1500 - 69-0011 
0800-894011 


Egypt* (Cairo)?' 

Israel 

Said! Arabteo 


MIDDLE EAST 


510-0280 

. 177 - 100-2727 
1 - 800-10 


AFRICA 


Ghane. . . 0191 

Kenya* — .(M00-1D 

South Africa . . . ..0-808-99-0123 

Cau l find Uw ATXJ Access Number for lire counl/y you’rv calling Crow? Just »k any operator for 
AT4T Direer Sendee, or ristl our Web site sc httpy/wwwjatco®4rswler 


AT&T 


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