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The World's Daily Newspaper 

London, Tuesday, April 15, 1997 

No. 35,496 


A Legend Is Bom 
At Awed Augusta 

Tiger ^ Woods Brings Golf Into a New Era, 

Thanking Black ‘Koneers’ for His Chance 

By Thomas Boswell 

Washington Post Service 

AUGUSTA — Tiger Woods came 
to his first Masters golf tn omamenr. as 
a professional last week as a favorite. 
Deleft the AugustaNationalGolf Chib 
course Sunday evening as a legend. 

Woods did not merely become the 
youngest player to win die Masters. 
The 2} -year-old sensation also broke 
the all-time scoring record and es- 
tablished the largest marg in of vic- 

Can he win the Slam? Page 22. 

Tiger Woods celebrating after 
sinking his last putt to become the 
yonngest-ever Masters champion. 

tory. After a shaky 4-over-par 40 on 
the front nine holes in the first round 
Thursday, Woods played the last 63 
holes in 22-undex-par feu- a 70-66-65- 
69 — 270 performance that w£D be 
talked about as long as golf is played. 

Woods, whose father, Eari, is Afric- 
an' American and whose mother, 
Kutilda, is Asian-American, also be- 
came the first man of color to win the 
Masters or, for that matter, any of 
golfs four major championships. The 
Augusta National Club was a national 
symbol of segregation for decades un- 
til Lee Elder broke the color line in 
1975; die club did not have a minority 
member until six years ago, and now 
has two. So, two days before the 50th 
anmversary af Jackie Robinson’s first 
major league baseball game. Woods 
brought golf into the 20th century. 

“f wasn’t the pioneer,” said 
Woods, who spake to Elder on the 
practice range before Sunday’s 
round. “Charlie Siffbrd, Lee Elder 
and Teddy Rhodes paved the way. I 
was thin kfng aboat them and what 
they’ve done forme a$ I was coming 
up the 18th fairway. I said a tittle 

’See MASTERS, Page 22 

The Zairian Capital 

Opposition in Race With Rebels 
To Topple Mobutu’s Regime 

I Hum liwwiaiiif IVi ■ 

Policemen patrolling a deserted street Monday in the capital, Kinshasa. 

North Korea Refugees 
Find No Solace in China 

Beijing Fears Human Flood as Famine Looms 

By Mary Jordan 

Washington Past Service 

SEOUL — Although China recently 
protected a high-ranking North Korean 
official trying to defect in Beijing, it has 
captured many others trying to escape 
repression and starvation in North 
Korea and returned them to almost cer- 
tain execution, according to mission- 
aries, Asian and Western diplomats and 
government officials. 

Although China officially denies it, 
many people interviewed said the 
Chinese government fears a flood of 
refugees from famine-stricken North 
Korea, so it is taking strong measures to 

Republicans Push, but Reno Resists 

Attorney General Faces Down Another Call for Independent Inquiry 

By Robert L. Jackson 

Los AngSes Times • ; • 

^ WASHINGTON — In a decision that 
seems certain to anger congressional 
Republicans, Attorney General Janet 
Reno has approved a draft of a letter 
rejecting four call for appointment of an 
independent counsel to. investigate 
Democratic fund-raising for last year’s 
presidential campaign. 

Ms. Retro, who has rejected three 
previous requests to seek an outside 
investigator, has repeatedly said that 
evidence of improper fund-raising is 
being thoroughly investigated by a team 
of career Justice Department lawyers 
from die public-integrity section of foe 
criminal division assisted by as many as 
30 FBI agents. 

“She is relying on the advice of hex 
career prosecutors and on provisions of 
foe Ernies in Government Act,” a 
Justice Department official said The act 
specifies when an independent counsel 

Senate and House judiciary committees, 
who asked for an outside counsel such as 
foe one investigating foe Whitewater af- 
fair to look into alleged political fund- 
raising abuses, cited her previous as- 
surances, but that was considered un- 
likely to mollify Ms. Reno’s critics. 

The Justice Department said the final 
draft of the letter would be delivered late 
Monday to Capitol Hi]]. 

The Democratic National Committee 
in recent months has returned about $3 
million in contributions that it said it had 
found to be of suspicious origin. 

Committees in both houses of Con- 
gress are already looking into campaign 

fund-raising in the last election cycle. 
The Senate panel under Senator Fred 
Thompson, Republican of Tennessee, 
has broadened its agenda to include 
some Republican activities, while the 
House committee headed by Represen- 
tative Dan Burton, Republican of In- 
diana, plans to focus almost exclusively 
on Democratic practices. 

Ms. Reno previously rejected requests 
from Senator John McCain, an Arizona 
Republican who is a leading advocate of 
campaign-finance reform, and from out- 
side groups that she ask a special panel of 

See RENO, Page 10 

deter them. Some North Koreans who 
have crossed into China have been de- 
livered to North Korean agents or mil- 
itary officials as a clear message to 
others who might want to flee. 

Top officials of the South Korean 
government, who are building closer 
economic and political ties with China, 
are reluctant to publicly chastise China, 
but express private concern. “We don’t 
think it is right; it’s inhumane .” said a 
leading government official. 

China is the wild card in any analysis 
of North Korea’s future. For years, 
China and the Soviet Union provided 
food, fuel and money to their Stalinist 
allies in Pyongyang. But since the So- 
viet Union's disappearance and the end 
of the Cold War, Beijing has improved 
its relations with South Korea while 
cutting most of its aid to the North. 

But China remains North Korea’s 
closest and most powerful ally, and it has 
a treaty with Pyongyang that says 
Chinese officials will return defectors. 
That treaty, and the friendship it rep- 
resents, were tested in February when a 
top North Korean party official, Hwang 
Jang Yap, sought asylum in the South 
Korean Embassy in Beijing. In the end, 
Beijing sided with Seoul and allowed Mr. 
Hwang to defect, choosing its new eco- 
nomic ally over its old ideological one. 

But interviews here suggest that China 
continues to nourish its relations with 
North Korea by returning those who flee. 
While exact numbers are impossible to 
know, hundreds of North Koreans have 
reached South Korea in recent years and 
hundreds more are believed to have es- 
caped into China across the remote Yalu 

See KOREA, Page 10 

By Howard W. French 

Nr*’ York Times Sen-ice 

KINSHASA Zaire — With armed 
rebels celebrating their fresh seizure of 
territories m the south, civilian oppo- 
sition politicians brought life in this city 
to a virtual standstill Monday to press 
demands for President Mobutu Seke 
Seko's resignation. 

In a protest billed as a ** dead-city 
strike,” streets were eerily deserted and 
shops, offices and public transportation 
were closed through our the day here as 
residents of this normally chaotic city of 
4.5 million followed the opposition’s 
call to strike by staying at home. 

“Today we have a dead city, dead 
villages, dead schools, and a dead coun- 
try.” said Andre Kyusbe, who manned a 
barricade in a Kinshasa suburb. “What 
we are waiting for is a dead Mobutu, and 
we won’t stop now until be is out of the 

The strike was organized by support- 
ers of the recently fired prime minister, 
Etienne Tshisekedi. Before his removal 
from office last week. Mr. Tshisekedi 
was prevented by soldiers from occupy- 
ing government offices after a violent 
crackdown on a rally of his supporters. 

Mr. Tshisekedi 's followers' action 
Monday was seen as a direct challenge 
to Marshal Mobutu’s authority and to 
decrees last week that created a new 
military-led government and imposed a 
state of emergency rule. 

Flouting government warnings that 
public protests will not be tolerated, op- 
position leaders here said they planned to 
step up their campaign of civil disobedi- 
ence over the next two days by dosing 
schools, commandeering vehicles for 
raucous motorized protests and. on Wed- 
nesday. holding what they have billed as 
a giant anti-government demonstration. 

“This is the sixth year of our struggle 
against Mobutu, and there is no way we 
are going to back down just because a 
general gives an order,” said Mukendi 
wa Mulumba, a senior official in Mr. 
Tshisekedi’s Union for Social Progress 
and Democracy. 

In recent days, as the ailing Marshal 
Mobutu’s 31 -year hold on power has 
slipped, with the fall of most of the 
country’s major cities. Zairian analysts 
and foreign diplomats here say that what 
has emerged is a sort of undeclared race 
between Mr. Tshisekedi and the rebel 
leader, Laurent Kabila, for control over 
Kinshasa and credit for bringing Mar- 
shal Mobutu down. 

As if to emphasize his ascendancy. 
Mr. Kabila flew Monday to the south- 
ern, copper-belt city of Lubumbashi, 
Zaire's second-largest city, where the 
news of his arrival drew large crowds of 

On Friday, Mr. Kabila's movement, 
the Alliance of Democratic Forces for 
the Liberation of the Congo, gave Mar- 
shal Mobutu, 66, an ultimatum to begin 
talks on his resignation within 72 hours 

draft letter to foe chairmen of the 

$ The Dollar §§ 


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Page LL 

Pages 8-9. 

Sports - 


Pages 22-23. 

Sponsored Section Pages 12-13. 


International CtessfflBd 

Page 4. 

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Newsstand Prices 


Ex -Clinton Partner Gets 3- Year Sentence 

LITTLE ROCK. Arkansas (Com- 
bined Dispatches) — James McDou- 
gal, a former business partner of Bill 
Cfinton in foe Whitewater real estate 
venture, was sentenced Monday to 
three years in prison on fraud charges 
related to Ms operations of a failed 
savings and loan. 


A Museum for Hong Kong's Soldiers 


Behind the Asian Funds Connection 

Judge George Howard of U.S. Dis- 
trict Court also ordered Mr. McDougai 
to pay a $10,000 fine and $4.27 million 
in restitution to the federal govern- 
ment, and serve three years of pro- 
bation, including one year of house 
arrest. Mr. McDougai was convicted of 
18 felonies last year. (AP. AFP) 


Indian Alliance Seeks fie to Leader 

EUROPE Page 5. 

Germans Hedge on Jews’ insurance 

U.S.-EU Trade Accord Embitters Europeans 



European diplomats reacted with 
Miter resignation Monday to foe pro- 
jsed U.S.-EU deal an trade with 
j Iran and Libya. 

The deal, hashed oat late Friday, 
required foe European Union to sus- 
pend its World Trade Organization 

complaint against the Helms-Burton 
and D'Amato Acts in return for a 
promise from the Clinton administra- 
tion to work with Congress over the 
next six months to protect European 
companies from foe trade sanctions in 
those laws. P!age 6. 

AT ATTENTION — Albanian soldiers in Durres listening to their 
instructor. French, Italian and Spanish troops will begin landing in 
Albania on Tuesday to provide security for a relief mission. Page 10. 

Popular Israeli General Seeks New Paths to Peace 

rain 1.000 Din Malta. &*■ 

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mark -1400 DJKr. Oman — 

and 12JX) F.M. Qatar — .100> «ate 

atar -ECUS Rep. kelen(iJB£t.0Q 

d Britain .!.£ 0.90 Saudi/tfatte-lO-OOR 

a* EERS0 S. Africa ~A12+ VAT 

SZjSdjd UAE ’MO^ 

JC SK 160 us. Mi. 

alt 600 FBs ZWbetaw.— ZinCaflO 

By Barton Gellman 

Washington Bon Service' 

f? 9 


TEL AVIV — Yitzhak Rabin holds a place of honor 
on foe wall behind Defense Minister Yitzhak Mor- 
dechai’s desk, ft is an nnlzkMy portrait these days, with 
foe political enemies of Mr. Rabin, die slain Israeli 
prime minister, in power. Certainly no other minister 
d eclare d, as General Mordechai did when he took his 
oafo of office, “I ache over his loss.” 

General Mordechai’s disdain for ideologues and ex- 
tremists, some of whom be perceives in his own Likud 
party, has made him a favorite of Arab neighbors and foe 

placed him consistency atop Israeti. popularity poDs. 

Now the United Stales is putting a cultivated ally to 
foe test With Israefi-Falestinian talks at their nadir, foe 
UjS. government is pinning hopes an General Mor- 
dechai to posh his government to change its approach. 

A trip to Washington last week gave General Mor- 
dechai, 52, foe first intimations of censure from an 
administration that until then had showered him only 
with praise. From the Pentagon be walked away with 
doubled U.S. anti-terror funding, renewed support for 

A court rules that a street in a Jewish area of 
Jerusalem must stay open Saturdays. Page 10. 

jointly developed Arrow and -Nautilus anti-missile 
programs, a commitment of ammunition and spare 
parts in case of war. and a warm breakfast at which 
Defense Secretary W illiam Cohen recited a Hehrew 
blessing over the bread. 

But at foe State Department, . General Mordechai 
met with Madeleine Albright and heard whal a U.S. 
official called foe toughest talk about Israel from a 
secretary of state since James Baker 3d. 

Mrs. Albright was armed with diplomatic cables 
detailing General Mordechai 's signature on p lans to 
buBd 358 apartments for Jews in the West Bank and on 
preliminary plans for 8,500 more. She told him that 
settlement expansion was a threat to the peace talks 
“The visit captured foe state of our relations at foe 
moment,” said a senior U.S. official. “On the level of 
security cooperation, the relationship is strong and 
deep.” But Mrs. Albright aimed “to sensitize turn to 
foe profound political impact of unilateral acta, in- 
cluding land confiscation, road building on the West 
Bank, as well as foe expansion of settlements.” 

At his headquarters in Tel Aviv, General Mordechai 
spoke recently about foe impasse in Israeli-Palestinian 
talks and his efforts to “find a clever way to get out of 
this unfortunate situation.’ * 

General Mordechai declined to follow Prime Min- 

See DEFENSE, Page 10 

or face a resumption of foe rebel army’s 
one-sided war against a completely in- 
effective national army. 

The next day, Saturday, Marshal 
Mobutu called Mr. Kabila a ‘ ‘gang lead- 
er." and said that he would only begin 
discussions with him if the rebel leader 
addressed him “politely.” The rebel 
response to Mr. Mobutu on Sunday was 
swift and menacing. It came in foe form 
of an announcement chat foe aging pres- 
ident had ran out of chances to talk and 
would now be forced out of power and 
into exile. 

After watching them capture half or 
more of foe national territory, including 
three of foe country's four largest cities 
and almost all of its mineral-rich zones, 
few here doubt that the rebellion can 

See KINSHASA, Page 10 

In Kinshasa, 
Whiting for 
Crackdown as 
Rumors Fly 

By Lynne Duke 

Washington Past Senice 

KINSHASA, Zaire — Like founder 
clouds growling in foe distance, the 
storm bearing down on Kinshasa 
threatens a violent deluge. 

An anti-government general strike 
paralyzed the capital Monday. Street 
demonstrations are set for Tuesday. A 
humiliated autocrat still clinging to 
power. President Mobutu Sese Seko 
threatens to crack down. 

And looming in foe distance, but nev- 
er far from foe minds of Kinshasans. is 


Laurent Kabila. leader of foe rebel al- 
liance that has declared, with foe end of 
a three-day deadline for Marshal 
Mobutu to step down, that fighting will 
resume. The rebels now control nearly 
half the country and say nothing wi]J 
stop their push to foe capital. 

In foe marketplaces and aboard 
minibuses, a mixture of fact and fiction 
is now sowing the belief that blood soon 
will be spilled and property rained. So a 
38-year-old newspaper seller named 
Thomas is once again looking to foe 
powdery soil around his house as a 
hiding place for foe family valuables: a 
television, radio, suitcases and clothes. 
When Zaire’s soldiers last rampaged, in 
1993, many households' goods were 
taken — but not his wife’s sewing ma- 
chine, buried in the yard. 

Thomas does not know if the men of 
Mikondo quarter near the airport in the 
city’s eastern sector will set up foe 
warning system they used four years 
ago: whistles blown from house to 
house to alert each other of trouble. But 
if be cannot spirit his six children away 

See ZAIRE, Page 10 

Healthy Glow: 
Is Radiation 
All That Bad? 

By Joby Warrick 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — The statistics 
seem clear and compelling, and com- 
pletely at odds with common sense: In 
Japan, site of the world's only nuclear 
attacks, radiation victims are outliving 
tbeir peers. 

It is one of the stranger twists in 50 
years of scientific monitoring of atom 
bomb survivors. As expected, foe 
people closest to ground zero have died 
in high numbers of cancers that began in 
a white-hot flash of nuclear radiation. 
But as one moves farther from the blast 
site, foe death rate plunges until it ac- 
tually dips below the baseline. 

So. oddly, people with limited ra- 
diation exposure appear to live longer 
than those who had none at all. 

The discrepancy has several possible 
explanations, but none of them have 
quelled the growing debate over what 
the data seem to suggest: Could low- 
level radiation ■ — regulated in the 
United States and elsewhere as a power- 
fid carcinogen — be less dangerous than 
commonly believed? 

The question, which has divided sci- 
entists for years, has flared again be- 
cause of a number of new studies that 
seem to refute prevailing views about 

See RADIATE, Page 10 




Kowloon Pub / Honoring Chinese Corps 

A Fit Museum, Bar None, 
For Hong Kong’s Soldiers 

H ONG KONG — They joined, they 
served and, when the fleet began to 
draw down, they were told they would 
be left behind 

They are the ethnic Chinese soldiers of the 
British Army, local recruits who served along’ 
side the Ginichas and the British soldiers at the 
military garrison here in the last Asian outpost of 
a faded empire. 

Now with Britain set to band Hong Kong back 
to China on July 1 , the Royal Navy has closed its 
base, the white ensign has been lowered and the 
local Chinese soldiers who formed the Hong 
Kong Military Service Corps have been told they 
are no longer needed. 

Their pride and memories are summed up in a 
picture in which members of the fabled Dragon 
Company — the corps’ only infantry unit — 
posed together for the last time, when the com- 
pany disbanded on the last day of March. Only a 
handful of Chinese soldiers remain, mostly sup- 
port staif, such as drivers. 

“I feel very upset,” said Henry Keith Ip, 35, a 
former corporal and training instructor. A one- 
time Cathay Pacific Airlines clerk, Mr. Ip was 
recruited from the Hong Kong volleyball team to 

*l_ .....j 

By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Post Service 

his British Army days alive, even as Hong Kong 
falls under the flag of Beijing. 

So he opened a bar. 

He calls it Soldiers’ Mess in English, Bar of 
the Dragon in Chinese, and it is situated in the 
teeming commercial district called Tsim Sha 
Tsui, at the tip of the Kowloon Peninsula. The 
bar is instantly recognizable from the outside by 
die military memorabilia plastered in the win- 
dows — photographs, emblems and a life-size 
mann equin dressed in Mr. Ip*S old army cam- 
ouflage uniform and brandishing a (toy) ma- 
chine gun. 

'NSIDE, Soldiers* Mess is less a bar than a 
museum of British military history in Hong 
Kong — or, more specifically, the history of 
.the Chinese who served with the mili tary 

• . ... i 

■ -iVi- 


help beef up the British garrison’s sports squad. 

He ended up serving as a British soldier for 12 
years . “The British Army is a very big family.’ ’ 
he said. “I have very good friends.” 

The members of the corps have moved on to 
different jobs, with many becoming policemen 
or going into private security work, while a large 
group works for the company that manages one 
of Hong Kong’s new bridges. 

But Mr. Ip did not want to be bored after the 
excitement of a dozen years of army life, in- 
cluding training stints in New Zealand and the 
Scottish hills . He wanted to keep the memory of 

On the wall are class photos from the Hong 
Kong Military Service Corps daring back a gen- 
eration. ‘‘Every time I see the photos. 1 get very 
upset,” Mr. Ip said. 

There is a small showcase for the patches and 
emblems of the corps and for those of all of Hong 
Kong’s other “disciplined services” — the Royal 
Hong Kong Police, die customs and immigration 
services, the fire fighting corps, the corrections 
officers. On the left side of the bar isa huge Hong 
Kong frag; on die right, a Union Jack. 

This is a British-style pub. but with distinct 
Chinese characteristics. And at night, when the 
bar is packed with former soldiers coming to 
swap stories and memories, it takes on the deaf- 
ening cacophony of a mah-jongg parlor, with 
dice games and drinking games die norm. 

“This is Hong Kong-style,” said Mr. Ip’s 
wife and business partner. Fanny Van ora Lo. 
“The British don’t uke everything so loud.” 

She calls herself tolerant and supportive of her 
husband’s military obsession, which often keeps 
him up until dawn drinking and spinning yams 


; :£i> 

Item Mali Uu/TV VaUagtoa P* 

Fanny Lo welcoming customers to the Soldiers ’ Mess, a pub and military 
museum that she runs with her husband in Hong Kong. 

with his mates. “fr’s time for them to record their 
memories,” she said. “This will never happen 
again. This is like a service museum. They come, 
they record their memories.” 

With the Chinese People’s Liberation Army 
about to take over the British barracks here and 
witb China officially viewing the 150-year Brit- 
ish presence in Hong Kong as a humiliating 
colonial occupation, a Chinese-run bar celeb- 
rating the glory days On Her Majesty's Service 
might seem a bit politically incorrect. 

But Mr. Ip and his wife say they are un- 
Hiceraed that they might be offending the in- 

concerned that they might be offending the in- 
coming regime and that they hope troops of the 
new Chinese garrison might stop by Soldiers' 

Mess for a beer and a look at history. * ‘We don’t 
worry about this,” Mrs. Lo said. “This is just 
lfkft a soldier’s museum — maybe they will want 
to see what happened before they took over.” 

She added, “This is just business. If they 
mind, it will mean a change. But they said that for 
50 years there will be no change.” 

Mr. Ip said, “I think it's no problem. I think 
that after July 1997. some Chinese Anny sol- 
diers will come down here. It’s a good place, 
witb good memories.’' 

But be is not taking any chances. After July 1, 
he said, the bar’s Hong Kong flag might be 
replaced with the Chinese flag, red with five gold 

Gerald Piaget Dies at 80, 
Co-Founded Watchmaker 

A gene e France-Presse 

GENEVA — Gerald Piaget, 80. a co- 
founder of the Piaget watchmaking 
company in Switzerland, died Saturday, 
his family announced Monday. 

He helped found the family business 
in the 1940s with his father and brothers. 
The Piaget group, of which he had been 
director and president, was taken over in 
1988 by the Richemont company. The 
manufac turing business is now part-of- 
the Vendome luxury conglomerate. • 

The group does not publish its 
turnover, but its annual production is 
estimated at 20.000 pieces. It employs 
500 people. 

SQUARE WORK — Pavers laying new stones to spruce up Red Square on Monday. Hie Russian capital is 
preparing for a new tourist season and for the traditional military parade on the square in May. 


Strike Hits More French Flights 

trvln> Hits MnrP French Fliotlfs J^oyed n additional flights Saturday after the air traffic 

IX1KC mvs inure r renuil r UgULS controllers called off their 36-hour strike over the suspension 

PARIS (Reuters) — Strike action forced TAT and Air of a colleague. 

Liberie, French units of British Airways, to cancel about 50 
percent of their flights Monday, a spokesman for the airlines 

Cockpit crews at the airlines were in the sixth day of a 

Michael Dorris, 52, Writer 
CONCORD, New Hampshire 
(AP) — Michael Dorris. 52, an adoptive 
parent of children with fetal alcohol 
syndrome and the author of a prize- 
winning book on the subject, has died, 
said a family friend. 

The Concord Monitor newspaper re- 
ported that Mr. Dorris was found Friday 
afternoon in a Concord motel room and 
that the police said the death appeared to 
have been a suicide. 

Mr. Dorris won a National Book Crit- 
ics Circle award in 1989 for “The Broken 
Cord,” a firet-pereon account of bow 
fetal alcohol syndrome affected his oldest 
son, Abel, who died. His novel “Cloud 
Chamber” was published this year. 

Of American Indian descent, he was 
on leave as an English professor at Dart- 
mouth College, where he founded the 
Native American studies department in 
1972 and headed it until 1985. 

etnam. retired in 1977 as the Higgins 
Professor of Biology at Harvard Uni- 
versity, having held that chair since 

He spent 43 years doing research and 
teaching at Harvard, beginning as a tutor 
in biochemical sciences in 1934 and 
becoming a full professor in 1948. 

He shared the 1967 Nobel Prize in 
Physiology or Medicine with Dr. 
Haldan Hartline, a professor of bio- 
physics at the Rockefeller University in 
New York, and Dr. Ragnar Gramt; a 
Swede who was then a visiting pro- 
fessor of neurophysiology at Oxford. 

Mr. Wald also carried out significant 
research about the way vitamin A af- 
fects vision and about die roles of vari- 
ous cells in the perception of colors and 
black and white vision. 

Nino Lo Bello, 75, Journalist 

Bello, 75, an American author and 
farmer foreign correspondent, died Sat- 
urday in Washington of a heart attack. 

Mr. Lo Bello, a former contributor to 
the International Herald Tribune, began 
his career as a professor at the Uni- 
versity of Kansas before moving to 
Europe where he reported from Rome 
and Vienna. A specialist in coverage of 
travel and die arts, he was also the 
author of “The Vatican Empire,” a 
1968 best-seller about die Catholic 
church’s finances. 

South African Airways has signed a co-sharing agreement 
with Emirates, the carrier of DubaLSAA and Emirates will by 
the end of June launch an agreement that allows each carrier to 

stoppage over pay and conditions they say will be damaged by issue tickets on the other's flights on the Johannes burg- Dubai 

a merger of the two airlines. 

India’s Airlines Warn of Delays 

NEW DELHI (AFP) — India’s domestic airlines put on 
additional flights here Monday to clear a backlog of thousands 
of passengers still stranded following a strike by air traffic 
controllers, officials said. 

Airport officials said 3,000 passengers inside India were 
affected 48 hours after the end of the stoppage, and warned 
that travelers heading for Europe and the Middle East could 


Fewer people are taking the train in China, with 76.6 
million passengers in March, an 8.1 percent drop compared to 
the same period in 1996, the Xinhua news agency reported 
Monday. In 1996, 942 million people traveled by train, a fall 
of 123 percent compared wife 1995. (AFP) 

George Wald, 90, Nobelist 

NEW YORK (NYT) — George 
Wald, 90, a biologist who was a joint 
winner of a Nobel Prize in 1967 for his 
research on how fee eye passes images 
to fee brain, died Saturday at his home in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Wald, who was an outspoken 
opponent of U.S. involvemeot in Vi- 

J ulian Behrstock, 80, an informa- 
tion official at UNESCO until his re- 
tirement in 1976, died Sunday at the 
American Hospital of Puis. Mr. Behr- 
stock was a journalist at fee Paris edition 
of fee New York Herald Tribune in fee 

Mustafa Amin, 83, Egypt’s best- 
known columnist and a nemesis of 
former President Gamal Abdel Nasser, 
died Sunday. 

Great American Airways, a charter carrier based in Reno, 
Nevada, has been grounded because of record-keeping vi- 
olations. fee Federal Aviation Administration announced. The 


Sparks Fly 

Id US. Bid 
To Cut Cost 
Of Power 

By Eric Schmitt 

New York TbnaSemce 

WASHINGTON — A high-state* 
battle is unfolding in the Congress aa. 
across the country over legislation to 
give consumers the same choice m buy- 
fog electricity that they now have-m 
choosing airlines and long-distant* 

telephone companies. - 

At stake is fee restructuring of fee 

electric power industry, an emerorisfc 
worth $200 billion a year that has been 

tightly regulated since Franklin D. 
Roosevelt was president. 

Bills in the House of Representanw& 
and Senate would break up the regional 
monopolies for utilities and order states 
to open the retail electricity maiket*fo 
natio nwide competition. Bui the pace qf 
deregulation and its exact scope are 
unresolved issues in a debate that -Is 
likely to extend into next year. ' 7 

Bri tain has already deregulated its 
utili ty industries, though rams remained 

companies takeover targets, especially 
for U3. concerns feat were interested in 
oper ating in a deregulated environmeu. 

The congressional legislation’s pro- 
ponents, led by large manufacturers, s5ay 
competition could slash consumer^’ 
bills by 15 percent to 50 percent r* 
Critics, including most but notaD « 
fee nation’s investor-owned utilities; 
warn that federal legislation is unne- 
cessary because nearly every state As 
moving to offer new choices to res- 
idential and commercial customers. Util- 
ities in at least six states have p&et 
programs under way. 

The legislative donnybrook has 'sa , 
traded fee participation of lobbyists ari# 
consultants, including several former 
members of Congress: Analysts cstimftfc 
fear both sides combined could spend Is 
much as $50 milli on this year in lob- 
bying fees and advertising campaigns.* 
“It seems to be the only thing goidg 
on right now, or at least the most Vis- 
ible,*' said Elaine Acevedo, president^ 
fee American League of Lobbyists. -> 
The lobbying wars are not confined*) 
W ashing ton Supporters and critics of 

fee ficdaul legislation are squaring offin 
major cities and most state capitals. 

On Monday, a House Commerce sub- 
committee headed by Representative 
Dan Schaefer. Republican of Colorado, 
who has introduced a sweeping dereg- 
ulation bill, jheld a .hearing, on me issue 
in Atlanta. Other hearings wfilbebefcf in 
fee next few weeks in Chicago, Dalfes 
and Richmond, Virginia. *• ^ '*• **" 
The battle lines on retail electricity 

publicans are divided free-mar- 

ket advocates, who favor Mr. Schaefer's 
bill, and states’ rights supporters who are 
wary. Democrats split over whether de- 
regulation could hurt residential con- 
sumers, who use relatively little elB4- 

Since fee 1930s. electric utilities hafo 
been a collection of monopolies regj 
uiated by the states they serve. Utilities 
have been protected from competition 
and guaranteed rates that yield a profit 
■ As a result, electricity prices vafy 
widely from state to state, with cus- 
tomers in the Pacific Northwest paying, 
in some cases, one -third fee rates 
consumers in fee Northeast. 

Congress deregulated fee wholesale 
electricity market in 1992; last year, fee 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commis- 
sion expanded the authority of utilities 
and some municipalities to bargain for 
fee cheapest power supplier. This wify, 
utilities and other power producers Ixiy 
and sell electricity and send it to ea9b 
other over existing transmission lineal 

But the big prize is the retail market 
Uniter fee proposed restructuring, con- 
sumers would get their electricity over 
fee same wires carrying it now. Tte ofify 
difference would be in what orgaif^j 
zation sold them the power. Consumer? 
could buy electricity directly from util- 
ities, or they might buy it through ‘du 
organization feat could buy power' in 
large volume for many people. . ] 

still face long delays. State-run Indian Airlines said it de- carrier operates nine DC-9 aircraft 

Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by AccuWealher. 

Pruned by Newsfax InlemmionaJ, London. Registered as a newspaper at the post office. 

-• •: 


controlled until recently. The move IMA 
fee effect of making British electricity 




The Road to Scandal 

Asians Were Fund Source to Be Tapped 

By John Kifher 

Afw York Tones Service 

"WASHINGTON — The Asian con- 
necoon to toccampaign ftmd-raisinc 
controversy roiting the White House 

1 jneetmgs that President BjQl Clinton held 

>?jwer seven days in September 1995 
~ A reconstruction of events from gov- 
< T cumen i ts ’ published accounts 
with participants shows 

• By Albert B. Crenshaw 

> ' Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — From un- 
answered telephones to noawoddng 
computers to mianthorized access to tax - 
_ payer files, the Inte rnal Revenue Service 
seems to lurch from one disaster to the 
i jjpxl, with a growing posse of critics al its 
* ; heels. 

Critics in government and the private 
sector are asking whether die nation's 
.chief collection agency is capable of 
continuing to administer the tax code 
'without a top-to-bottom overhaul.. To 
fend off the critics, the Treasury De- 
partment has proposed revamping the 
agency's management and bringing in a 
professional manager rather than a tax 
-expert to head the agency. 

To an extent, the attacks cm the IRS 
reflect a blood-in-toe-water syndrome: 
iThc agency's wen-publicized problems 
nave emboldened some critics whose 
real animus is toward taxes and who 
, paint the agency in the blackest terms in 
hopes of undermining die tax system. 

But the agency has given than plenty 
. of ammunition: 

. • Computers: TheIRS has been hying 
"for nearly two decades to update its 
finti qnateri computer systems. After 
three false starts and $3.5 billion in ex- 
' penditnres, it still docs much of its work 
.on I960s-era mainframes and is 
* nowhere near the fuDy integrated system 

it dreams of. While much of tire $3.5 
billion wout for systems that did work 
far rhm gc that can still be used — 
c ommuni cations systems, for example 

to start an unusual, early and expensive 
-senes of television advertisements — and 
-.ultimately on how to raise die tens of 
pntoons of dollars to pay for them. 

C. The costly television advertisements 
mat began to appear at the beginning of 
^October were the prime motive far the 
democrats’ scramble for money. 

One answer was to tap into the in- 
creasingly wealthy Chinese-American 
•population, which had been somewhat 
isolated and largely Republican. But fee 
effort has raised serious questions about 
whether Chinese or other foreign in- 
terests tried to boy political influence. 

To date, more than $22 million in 
[ (Contributions solicited by Asian-Amer- 
. ipan fand-raisers have been returned be- 
cause toe donations were possibly il licit 

Throughout the summer of 1995, a. 
Jttttle raged within the nascent Clinton 
.re-etection organization between Dick 
.Moms and Harold Ickes. Mr. Morris, an 
outside political consultant, pushed for 
the advertising campaign i while Mr. 
\Jckes, deputy White House chief of 
staff, sought to protect the campaign 
-coffers, which were federally limited, in 
pase they were needed to fend off 
. Democratic challengers. 

.. . But two early test runs of the ads — 

intended to change voters’ perceptions 
of the president after the 1994 Repub- 
.tican congressional landslide — brought 
. .encouraging results in opinion polls. 

The fast test-nm ads, portraying the 
president as tough on crime, ran in June 
J995. The $2-4 million bill was paid by 
. die Ctrmon-Gore campaign. The setxmd, 
like the first, avoided major markets and 
tons the attention of political reporters, 
and accused the Republicans of trying to 
.do away with Medicare. The $800,000 
cost of those ads was paid by the Demo-, 
.cratic National Committee. 

On Sept 7, Mr. Morris met with the 
-president and three top aides, Leon Pan- 
etta, George Stephanopoulos and Er- 
$kine Bowles, urging that they put ads 
.op television for toe rest of the year at a 

cost of $10 miHicsL Mr. Morris said that 
such a preemptive strike to redefine toe 
president would be toe key to victory. 

And Mr. Ickes, along with White 
House lawyers, came, up with a plan to 
pay far the ads — not from the Clinton- 
Gore camp aign fund, bat through toe 
Democratic National Committee. The 
campaign fund contained what political 
professionals rail “hard mo n e y,'* lim- 
ited to contributions of $1,000 each and 
total expenditures of about $37 million. 
By making toe spots about issues, rather 
than direct appeals to vote for Mr. Can- 
ton, toe lawyers reasoned, the ads could 
be paid for largely with toe national 
committee's “soft money,” which is 
less regulated and easier to raise. 

On SepL lO, Mr. Ickes and Donald 
Fowler, the Democratic Party's national 
chairman, met at toe White House with 
Mr. Clinton and Vice President A1 Gore 
to outline a $12 million budget for a 10- 
week series of television ads paid for 
wito money from toe party . 

The only catch was feat the com- 
mittee was virtually broke. 

At their Septembrameetiug, Mr. Ickes 
and Mr. Fowler emphasized toe need for 
money, and Mr. Clinton nod Mr. Gore 
made additional appearanoes at seven big 
ftmd-msing events for toe committee. 

It is in this context that congressional 
and Justice Department investigators 
have been looking into a third meeting 
at the White House that September. 

Sept. 13, became an issue in the final days 
of toe campaign. White House officials 
insisted it was merely “social.” 

But after weeks of unanswered ques- 
tions : — and after Election Day — the 
White House acknowledged fear it was 
at this meeting that John Huang, toe man 
at the center of the fund-raising con- 
troversy, had volunteered to leave his 
job at the Commerce Department to be- 
come a Democratic Party fundraiser. 

Mr. Clinton’s main guest was James 
Riady, the Indonesian soon of a $12 
billion Asian family financial em pir e 
based in Indonesia. 

Mr. Riady brought wito him two men 
who had long tended his family's fi- 
nancial int e r ests in the United States: 
Mr. Huang and C. Joseph Giroir Jr., a 
lawyer and his busmsss partner. 

On Sept. 15, 1995, two days after Mr. 
Huang went to the While House, there 
was a renewed contact wito another 
Little Rock acquaintance who would 
figure in the fund-raising controversy: 
uh Lin Trie, who is known as Charlie. 

A MEMORIAL 40 YEARS LATE — A stone cutter working mi the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial 
in Washington, which had been delayed by years of bickering. Its dedication is planned for May 2. 

Away From Politics 

• White residents of a racially tense 

Philadelphia neighborhood came out 
onto their front steps and turned their 
tacks to blacks holding a peaceful 
march against race-related violence. 
Racial divisions have beat heightened 
in toe Grays Ferry section since the 
beating of a black family by a mob of 
whites and the killing of a white teen- 
ager during a robbery. (AP) 

• As nearly 1,500 prospective new 
officers prepared to enter toe New York 
Police Academy. Police Department 
officials said they had decided to bar 81 
otherwise qualified candidates solely 
because they were over age 34. (NYT) 

• Authorities traced counterfeit $10 

bills to the home in Bay City, 
Michigan, of a J 5-year-old boy who 
allegedly had been using his computer 
to print toe phony bills. (AP) 

• Washington, D.C„ officials have 
been asked by toe Clinton adminis- 
tration to balance toe city's budget and 
give up control over numerous duties, 
ranging from the sentencing of crim- 
inals to the handling of billions of 
dollars of pension funds, in exchange 
for a boost in federal funding. (WP) 

Women Quarrel Over Statue Empty Offices at Agencies 

WASHINGTON — Last SepL 27, Congress ap- 
proved moving a 13-ton statue of three female suf- 
fragistsframthecryptoftoeU.S. Capitol to the grand 
Rotunda, which for seven decades has been the 
exclusive residence of sculpted men. 

It was a moment of symbolic triumph fra- a co- 
alition of 78 women's organizations, which waged a 
four-year campaign to gam access to toe Capitol’s 
premier exhibition space. 

But now. as plans are being finalized to move toe 
statue and celebrate its relocation wito a ceremony in 
June, that victory is in doubt In an extraordinary 
development a leading black women’s group is 
mounting an aggressive drive to block the suffrage 
statue, arguing that any monument in the Capitol 
commemorating tire women’s suffrage movement 
should include Sojourner Truth, a black abolitionist 
and 19th century feminist 
The opposition by toe National Political Congress 
of Black Women is so vigorous drat it is beginning to 
divide women who are normally allies. In one ex- 
ample, Representative Cynthia McKinney, Demo- 
crat of Georgia, who is black and had endorsed the 
statue move, now plans to introduce legislation to 
block it 

“We just feel that the bottom line is that statue 
does not represent the suffragette movement” said 
C. DeLores Tucker, chairwoman of toe National 
Political Congress of Black Women, “ft's wrong and 
we're going to do everything we can to stop iL” 
“We have been left out of history too much and 
we’re not going to be left out anymore.” (WP) 

WASHINGTON — Labor Department aides joke 
that they’re handing out earplugs because the echo in 
toe empty hallways is deafening. 

At other agencies, officials deny there are top- 
level administration jobs to fill: It's just that every- 
one’s first name is “acting. ” 

Gallows humor aside, Clinton administration of- 
ficials acknowledge a frnstratingly slow pace in 
nominations this term — only 18 names have been 
sent to the Senate so far for 130 senior-level jobs 
requiring confirmation that remain open. 

The reasons for toe delay are familiar diversity 
concerns, intense political jockeying among special 
interest groups, and the administration's desire to 
announce nominations in groups. 

White House officials also acknowledge that the 
Democratic Party's fund-raising scandals have ad- 
ded another level of checking to the vetting process, 
slowing things down even more, in the past, said 
White House personnel chief Bob Nash. “I might 
interview someone for maybe half an hour.” but now 
“it might take an hour or longer” to touch all toe 
necessary bases, besides verifying credentials. (WP) 

Furor Over Absentee fating 

DEL RIO, Texas — Nowhere in toe United States 
do Mexican Americans boast greater political might 
than in Texas, home to half of toe nation's 4.500-plus 
Latino elected officials. 

But here in toe border town of Del Rio. voting in 
November has cast a pall over those gains. 

The ex-leader of a Ku Klux Klan contingent in the 
U.S. Air Force. Murry Kachel, came from behind on 
election night to narrowly win a sear on toe Val Verde 
County Commission. So did another white Repub- 
lican, D ’Wayne Jemigan. squeaking ahead in the 
race for sheriff. Not only did they score upset vic- 
tories in a Democratic region, but they both defeated 
Mexican American candidates in a county that is 
among toe most Mexican American in the nation. 

Their secret? Absentee ballots, hundreds of them, 
submitted by far-flung military personnel — a pro- 
cedure the Republican Party insists was perfectly 
legitimate, but that is now the target of a legal 
challenge under toe Voting Rights Acl 

Of the 800 absentee ballots that swung the election 
(Mr. Kachel won by 1 13 votes and Mr. Jemigan by 
267), almost all were cast by officers once stationed 
at Laughlin Air Force Base. The problem is that most 
of those officers don’t actually live in Del Rio any 
more. Half of them have been gone at least five years. 
Some haven't set foot in Val Verde Comity for as 
long as 15, 20, or even 25 years. 

“In a country that has always fought for de- 
mocracy. tiiis kind of fraud is a national shame,’ ’ said 
Jovita Casarez, 54, a grandmother and former mi- 
grant worker, now toe plaintiff in a federal lawsuit 
aimed at overturning the election. (FAT) 

Quote I Unquote 

Michael McCuny, the White House press sec- 
retary, on President Bill Clinton’s following of Tiger 
Woods's record-breaking victory in the U.S. Masters 
golf tournament: “He was glued to toe 
tube.” (AFP) 

a Wealth of Problems 

— about $400 million of it was simply 

• Service: Although the agency has 
begun calling taxpayers “customers” 
and tries to seem user-friendly, it re- 
mains unable to answer the phone much 
more than about half toe time when 
taxpayers caR 

toousaods of IRS employees have been 
caught or suspected of browsing through 
taxpayer records they were not author- 
ized to see. They snooped through the 
returns of oelebnties, friends and rela- 
tives. raising questions about security 
and taxpayer privacy. 

•Tax gap: bach year Americans and 
American businesses, especially small 
firms that operate in cadi, underpay their 
taxes by about $100 billion. The IRS 
ultimately collects much of tins “tax 
gap,” bin a lot goes undetected, while 
other sums are assessed but never col- 
lected. The backlog stands at $216 bil- 
lion, according to the General Account- 
ing Office. 

The IRS once was a model of gov- 
ernment efficiency and effectiveness. 
One of the earliest agencies to make 
widespread use of computer technology, 
it led the way in modernizing govern- 
ment processes 40 years ago. 

What went wrong? The answer lies 
partly in the agency and partly outride. 

In the years since toe agency's heyday 
in the 1950s and 1960s, the nation's 
economy has changed, as have tax laws 
and technology. The IRS has straggled 
to keep up. 

In tact, the filing season this year has 

been one of the smoothest in recent 
years. Refunds are up, delays are down 
and there have been few glitches. 

“Compared to toe rest of the world 
we’re in good shape,” said Senator Bob 
Kerrey. Democrat of Nebraska, who 
wito Representative Rob Partisan, Re- 
publican of Ohio, heads toe National 
Commission on Restructuring the In- 
ternal Revenue Service. “But relative to 
tiie demands of the customer, toe cit- 
izens of the country, it has a long ways to 
go. Our expectations are higher.” 

In many ways, toe agency’s efforts to 
upgrade its computers stand as an al- 
legory for all of its difficulties — and the 
solution to many of them. The IRS has 
tried rate grand solution after another, 
only to see each one come to grief. 

“A crucial problem is chat people try 
to build tiie Taj Mahal and then spec- 
ifications change,” said Deputy Treas- 
ury Secretary Lawrence Summers. He 
added that in the mid-1980s, when toe 
most recent effort was begun, large sys- 
tems were considered toe best ap- 

In toe meantime, to keep older sys- 
tems going and to give IRS workers 
some on-kne access to taxpayer infor- 
mation, the agency patched together an 
array of other highly complex stand- 
alone systems that could solve an im- 
mediate problem but did not add up to an 
integrated system. 

“Overall, the IRS computing envir- 
onment evolved into an extraordinarily 
complex array of systems,” said Arthur 
Gross, who joined the IRS last year as 
chief information officer. 


Should I Eat a Peach? Rue, 
But First ly Your Taxes 

i . Thousands of last-minute U.S. in- 
come tax filers wffl find that, as many 
of them have long suspected, procras- 
tination can pay. 

The Academy of Amenran Poets 
will irive away copies of TS. Enot s 
poem “The Wasteland” to late filers 
who line up at sane big-city past of- 
fices from 10 PM. to midnight an 

- "Tuesday, the deadline for filing 

■ :forms, unless toe filer is abroad and 

leligible for an extension. • 

- The poem’s opening line: April is 

-the crudest month.’* ..... 

M«e than 3,000 paperba^winbe 

distributed in Mrarm^New 
~ ■ -Francisco, Denver, Chicago, Boston 
1 '.and Washington. The hamfoa cete- 
: brates National Poetry Month and toe 

■ r75to anniversary of the original pub- 

- -licarioo of “The Wasteland. 

# Meanwhile, a Chicago restaurant 

V 'and tar, Dick’s Last Resort, tsholt^ 

" its own celebration for procrastmatora- 

Tax preparers will be on hand at Dick’s 
to work at discount rates. The person 
who ends up owing the most to tiie 
government wtD win a party for op to 
10 friends. 

Short Takes 

East Facts: The U.S. Hispanic pop- 
ulation is the fifth-largest in tire world, 
behind Mexico, Spain. Colombia and 
Argentina. ... In 1995, 74 percent of 
U.S. Hzspanics lived in California, 
Texas, New York, Florida or Illinois. 

Seventy-seven percent of Hispanic* 
in the United States were bom abroad. 
... Average household income for His- 
pames increased from $14,712 in 1980 
to $29,500 in 1996. 

A set of recent advertisements in 
New York subways has pushed even 
some normally hard-boiled New 
Yorkers over toe edge. “You are toe 
423d person to touch toatpde today/' 
an ad for an antibacterial lotion says, ft 
goes on: “The turnstiles have at least 
11,700,000 germs. (Have a nice 
dayi)” The placards, in more than 570 | 
trams, have touched some nerves. 
“Give me a break,”. Michael 
Ragooesi, a recent rider, told The New ! 
York Tunes. “I don’t think touching a 
pole is going to make me sick.” . 

One group has a larger problem wito 

tire ads, because of the line, "The last 
guy holding that pole was named Sal 
Moaella.” The National Ethnic Co- 
alition of Organizations, calling toe 
line offensive, said Italian subway 
riders bad complainedaboui toe play 
on words. The company that makes the 
antibacterial product says tiie ads were 
meant to be lighthearted. 

While crime levels have been drop- 
ping across the country, don’t tell that 
to Bin Farrell of Santa Ana, California. 
Burglars have struck his home three 
times in the past four months. They 
have taken his computer, two VCRs, 
tools, watches and other property, 
worth about $20,000 in aH A brawny 
Rottweiler did not scare away the 
burglars — tiie dog was stolen, too. 
Somebody even took fee business card 
of a police officer who had inves- 
tigated an earlier burglary. So he put 
up a big sign on his lawn that says: 

Mr. Farrell has started sleeping with 
a gun. He has also installed tars on bis 
windows and is putting in steel doors 
and motion-activated lights. He takes 
bis remaining VCR with trim when he 
goes out. Of course, that would not 
wotk very well if he went out for a 


International Herald Tribune 




India Alliance Struggles 
To Find a New Leader 

Government Is Expected Within a Week 



NEW DELHI — The Congress (I) 

Party said Monday a new government 
coidd be in place in a week, as the ousted 

could be in place in a week, as the ousted 
United Front alliance stepped up efforts 
to find a successor to the caretaker prime 
minister, H. D. Deve Gowda. 

Mr. Deve Gowda broke a political 
logjam Sunday when he told his 13-party 
coalition that be woulo step down if his 
partners so decided. Until Sunday, Mr. 
Deve Gowda and his partners had refused 
to bow to Congress’s demand that the 
coalition change leaders. 

“We have to keep the national in- 
terest above everything else,” said a 
United Front leader, Chandrababu 
Naidu, considered a leading contender 
to succeed Mr. Deve Gowda as prime 
minister. “Why should the nation pay 
for our rigid stands?” 

The Press Trust of India press agency 
quoted Mr. Naidu as saying Mr. Deve 
Gowda’s replacement would be chosen 
Thursday. The United News of India 
press agency reported that the decision 
would be finalized Monday. 

While the United Front said it was 

open to forming a fresh coalition under a 
new leader, it expressed concern over 
the “credibility” and “durability” of 
the support of the Congress Party. 

“That is a matter of negotiation,” 
said a Congress spokesman, VithaJ 

But Congress, which provoked Mr. 
Deve Gowda's downfall Friday by 

from cooperating on forming a gov- 

The Bharatiya Janata Party leader, 
Atai Bihad Vajpayee, accused the rivals 
of ganging up on the Hindu nationalist 
party out of fear of elections that could 
bolster Bharatiya Janata Party’s chances 
of gaining power. 

“The same combination, which was 
responsible for creating the present con- 
stitutional crisis must not be allowed to 
Title the country under any circum- 
stances,” he said. “It would be better to 
have another parliamentary election 
rather than allowing the same conglom- 
eration of parties to hold the country at 
stake. The fact remains that both were 
aware that elections will benefit the BJP 
and therefore they were trying to gang 

lip QK2C6 ftgain. " 

Mr. Vajpayee was prime minister for 
12 days in May 1996 before he was 
forced to step down in the face of certain 
defeat in a confidence vote. 

“This is another experiment,'’ said 
Sushma Swaraj, a Bharatiya Janata 
Party spokesman, “and the fate will be 
the same.” 

“As the tradition of Congress is to 

North Korea 

123 Generals 

SEOUL — The North Korean leader 
Kim Jong H has promoted 1 23 
and named a deputy defense nmiste£ 
but the post of defense minister restate 
empty. South Korean officials. *a9 
Monday. . 5 

The official press agency KCNAsa^ 

Mr. Kim had issued an order Sundae 
clearing four vice marshals, one fiafc 
general, eight colonel generals, 37 lieu- 
tenant generals and 73 major gesoals. . 

Nora Korea has appointed Deputy 
Marshal Kim II Choi as a new first 
deputy defense minister, a post left va- 
ranf hv the death of Kim Kwang Jin Sa 

Ini KfahoccfltHttn 

withdrawing its needed support for his 
10-month-old government, welcomed 

10 -month-old government, welcomed 
Mr. Deve Gowda’s exit 

“If they have any other leader, we are 
prepared to support them,” Mr. Gadgil 

The largest single party in Parlia- 
ment the Bharatiya Janata Party, urged 
President Shankar Dayal Sharma to pre- 
vent die United Front and Congress 

not more than six months.” 

Vasant Satire, a senior leader of Con- 
gress who helped spearhead his party’s 
campaign a gains t Mr. Deve Gowda, said 
any coalition between Congress and the 
United From was doomed. Instead, Mr. 
Sathe said a national government was the 
best solution to end tbe political dead- 

“A government with outside support 
is like a marriage without cohabitation 
which is bound to be unproductive,” he 
said “To try this experiment repeatedly 
will be ridiculing democracy. 

A Socialist leader, George 
Fernandes, also called fen: a national 
government. (Reuters, AFP, AP) 

WATTING IN INDIA — Relatives of two Britons held hostage in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir 
railing for their release Monday at a New Delhi press conference. Five Western tourists were kidnapped by 
Muslim separatists in July 1995. The rebels kilted one of the hostages, a Norwegian, in August 1995. 

Japan Rejects China’s Request 
To Help Quash UN Rights Vote 

Jbfanoa&on Liu, legal director of the cabinet-level Mainland 
Affairs Council, told the state-nm Central News Agency. 
Taiwan in recent years has ceased hailing defectors from 
the mainland as heroes. ‘ (Reuters) 

cantby the death of Kim Kwaqg Jin & 
February, said Park Sung Hoon, a dfc. 
rector-general at Seoul’s National Uni- 
fication Ministry. _ 

“It is yet another sign that Kim Jong 
D is consolidating his grip on power,”. 
Mr. Park said . 

The promotions commemorated the 
85 th birthday Tuesday of Mr. Kim’s late 
father, former President Kim H Sung,' 
and the 65th anniversary April 25 of the 
founding of the North’s armed forces. 

Hie Unification Ministry said the. * 
latest round of promotions increased the. . T 

total number of North Korean generals 
to 1,220. 

South Korean officials say that North. 
Korea’s li-million-member military, 

Beijing Eases Rules on Rights of Abode 
For Hong Kong Residents After June 30 

TOKYO — Japan on Monday rejected China’s request 
to help derail a United Nations resolution seeking an 
improvement in its human rights record, Japanese officials 

The request for support for China's motion against a vote 
on tbe resolution was made by Ambassador Xu Dunxin 
when he met with the deputy foreign minister, Sadayuki 
Hayashi, the officials said Mr. Hayashi rejected the re- 
quest, they said on the grounds that Beijing's motion seeks 
Co stem debate on the resolution. 

Denmark is to propose the resolution Tuesday at the UN 
Human Rights Commission in Geneva. 

Tbe Japanese foreign minister, Yukihiko Ikeda, told his 
Chinese counterpart, Qian Qicben. during a visit to Beijing 
last month dial Tokyo would not co-sponsor die resolution 
this year. (AFP) 

Japanese Serial Killer to Die 

tbe world’s fifth largest, is mcreasingly 
discontent with its government’s inabu- 
itytodo something about the country’s 
food shortages. 

TOKYO — A Japanese court sentenced a serial killer to 
death Monday for the kidnap-murders of four small girls in 
1988 and 1989. 

“This is a heinous crime violating human dignity,” said 
tbe presiding judge, Kenjiro Tao, of Tokyo District Court, 
“and there is no choice but to hand down the death 

Japan suspended executions in November 1989 but 
resumed them in March 1993. Activists say 18 death row 
convicts have since been hanged. (Reuters) 

In Japan, Foreign Minister YukOnlm. 
wla discussed unconfirmed reports- 

For the Record 

Ikeda discussed unconfirmed reports* 
rihwr Py ong yang might have deployed, 

ballistic missiles capable of hitting most 
ofJman. > 

“u is not that we confirmed this.’X 
Mr. Ikeda said, “but there are reports 
that it has developed missiles with a 
range of more than 1,000 kQometera.^ 
There are certain reports thar some of 
them have been deployed-” 

The admission, before a pariiamen- 

I ~ TT C 

Cambodian Exile Seeks Justice 


BEIJING — Beijing said Monday 
that Hong Kong residents who want 
permanent right of abode in the territory 
no longer must be present in the British 
colony cm the day it returns to Chinese 


“While a person has the responsi- 
bility to assure immigration authorities 
that he is resident in Hong Kong on July 
1, he does not have to be in Hong Kong 
in person on that day.” the People’s 

months of tbe handover, the newspaper 
quoted a spokesman, Wang Fengchao, 
as saying. Any Chinese will retain Hong 
Kong permanent residency status unless 
he or she lives outside the territory for a 
period exceeding 36 months before re- 
settling in die territory. 

For non -Chinese permanent residents 
of Hong Kong, if they live outside the 
territory continuously for 36 months. 

PARIS — Prince Norodom Sirivudh of Cambodia left 
Europe on Monday to return to Cambodia, •where he has 
been convicted in absentia for plotting to assassinate 
Second Prime Minister Hun Sen, ms sister said. 

Norodom Vacheara said the prince, a half-brother of 
King Norodom Sihanouk, was scheduled to arrive in 
Phnom Penh by Tuesday afternoon and was flying via 
Hong Kong. “My brother is returning to Phnom Penh to 
demand justice," she said “His trial must be revised,” she 
said. (AFP) 

The Provisional Legislature, China’s appointed as- 
sembly for Hong Kong, announced Monday it would meet 
every week, instead of every month, to deal with a mount- 
ing pile of work before the territory's handover. (AFP) 

A 39-year-old UJS. Navy warrant officer was charged 
Monday with at te mpting to rape a Japanese woman near 
Misawa, northern Japan, public prosecutors said. (AFP) 

tstry panel discussing U.S. military 
bases, is the first time a Japanese gov- 
ernment official has commentedpub- 
licly on the possibility that North Korea 
may have completed development of 
the missiles ami deployed some of 

'Mr. Ikeda declined to reveal die 
source of his information. (AP, Reuters) 

they will forfeit their right of abode. 
He said people qualifying for pi 

Daily quoted a spokesman for the cab- 
inet’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs 

inet’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs 
Office as saying. 

China had previously said that 
Chinese wishing to establish permanent 
residency in the territory after it reverts 
to Chinese sovereignty at midnight an 
June 30 should be present in Hong Kong 
on tbe day of the handover. 

A Chinese resident could establish 

if be returnee 

to the territory within 11 

He said people qualifying for per- 
manent residency include Chinese cit- 
izens bom in Hong Kong before or after 
die handover and Chinese who have 
ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a 
continuous period of not less than seven 
years before or after the handover. 

Non-Chinese who have lived in Hong 
Kong for a continuous period of not less 
than seven years and have taken Hong 
Kong as their {dace of permanent res- 
idence, and people under 21 and born in 
Hong Kong also qualify. 

Taipei Refuses Asylum to Judge 

Planes and warships from Britain, Australia, New 
Zealand, Singapore and Malaysia on Monday staged the 
largest ever mock air and sea battles off die coast of 
Malaysia. The 13-day exercise involves 39 warships, and 
160 jet fighters and transport carriers. • (Reuters) 

TAIPEI — Tai wan said Monday drat it would not grant 
asylum to a Chinese judge who sneaked ashore on a 
Taiwan-controlled islet near the mainland. 

Taipei nevertheless said it might help Zheng Chunteng, 
an assistant judge in a Fujian Province local court, seek 
sanctuary in a third country if it determined that he faced 
life-threatening punishment back on the Communist main- 

South Korean prosecutors questioned Kim Yoon. Hwan, 
a ruling New Korea Party adviser whoplayed a key rote in 
the election of Kim Young Sam as president in 1992, as the 
founder of failed Hanbo Group blamed die government for 
die conglomerate's slide Into bankruptcy. (AFP) 

“By sneaking ashore' illegally, Zheng Chunteng has 
already lost the eligibility to seek legal residence,” 

Vietnam has cleared more than 100,000 land mines from 
its side ofthe contested border with China over the pastfive 
years, the Communist Party newspaper. The People, re- 
ported. (AP) 

Burmese Dissident Speaks 


RANGOON — The opposition lead- 
er Daw Aung San Suu Kyi ushered in 
the Burmese New Year on Monday by 
urging her political party to be cour- 
ageous and steadfast in its efforts to 
bong democracy back to Burma. 

“At Ihe transition to dm New Year, 
we the National League for Democracy 
have resolved to go on striving with 
renewed courage and spirit until we. 
achieve our ambition,” she said in a 
speech. About 700 supporters were al- ■ 
lowed by the police to attend die cel- . 
ebration at her lakeside home. 


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P4GE5 : 

■ ■■ *1 



Lawyers waiting in a courtroom inside Rome’s Rebibbia prison Monday for the start of Ericb Priebke’s retrial. 

Ex-Nazi Not WelV as 2d Trial Opens 


-ROME — Erich Priebke, the former 
Nazi officer accused in the 1944 mas- 
sacre of 335 men and boys near Rome, 
wfcnt on trial for the second time in a 
year Monday, but told the court be was 
ncr well and might not attend future 

“I am here today out of respect for the 

^tribunal. ' Mr. Priebke told the court in 
Rome’s Rebibbia prison. “But I fear it 
will not be this way in the future because 
i am not well. I am available for 
whatever may be needed.” 

Mr. Priebke. a former SS captain, is 
living under house arrest at a Catholic 
monastery south of Rome. 

• The military court, in its first de- 
cision, agreed to a request by the pros- 
ecutor, Antonino Intelisano, to try the 
SJf-year-old German together with Kari 
Hass, a former SS major accusal in the 

same massacre that took place in the 
Ardeatine Caves south of Rome. 

Mr. Priebke is facing a retrial and Mr. 
Hass is facing his first criaL Under Itali- 
an law, defendants are not obliged to 
attend trial sessions. 

Both men have admitted to taking 
part in the massacre, bat said they were 
following orders and would have been 
executed if they had refused to act. 

Mr. Priebke was found guilty last 
August of involvement in the massacre 
but the charges were reduced and he was 
released under a statute of limitations. 
The verdict was thrown out on appeal 
and a retrial ordered. 

The military coon made its decision 
to link die two cases after retiring for 
two and a half boms Monday. Mr. 
Hass's defense had wanted a separate 

Mr. Hass originally returned to Italy 

as a witness at Mr. Priebke’s first trial 
and is under house arrest after fracturing 
his pelvis trying to flee oyer a hotel 
balcony to avoid testifying. 

Mr. Hass was not present in the 
courtroom Monday, and Mr. Priebke. 
wearing a gray suit, entered only after 
the court issued its ruling on joining the 
two cases. The trial was adjourned until 

Mr. Priebke. who was extradited from 
Argentina in November 1995. has ad- 
mitted to shooting two victims in the 
massacre. The shootings came as a re- 
prisal fora partisan bomb attack in which 
33 troops loyal to the Nazis died. 

" ‘For me it was an action of war — I 
had to obey the order like all the oth- 
ers,” Mr. Priebke told the newspaper n 
Giomale on Sunday. He said he had not 
thought any more about the killings 
once the war ended. 


^•'Ankara Seeks Ouster 
Of Islamic Radicals 

ANKARA — The Islamist gov- 
ernment on Monday ordered the dis- 
. missal of all pro-Muslim radicals 
".from state services, the Anatolian 
i News Agency reported. 

At a meeting here. Interior Minister 
-,MeraI Aksener called on the gov- 
ernors of 80 Turkish provinces to 
dismiss those civil servants “ in- 
volved in subversive religious activ- 
ities.’ * the news agency said. 

This is the first major move by 
.Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan’s 
■government to implement a military- 
r backed plan for a crackdown on" re- 
ligious extremists.' 

Mrs! Akseifef ialso urged the gov- 
■ ’emors to close down illegally op- 
erating religious schools and hostels, 
which she said were “trying to im- 
'.pose their ideologies.’* 

**We cannot allow for those 
^’groups,” Mrs. Aksener sad. “that 
’^actually have nothing to do with the 
'essence of Islam and want to recruit 
' masses to serve for their ideologies, to 
operate within the state structure.” 

• (AFP) 

EU Hopefuls to Get 
Invitation to Talks 

THE HAGUE — The European 
Union will hold a “special meeting” 
with countries wishing to join the 15- 
nation group, the Dutch Foreign Min- 
istry said Monday. 

“The list of countries that will be 
invited has not yet been drawn up and 
'no invitations have yet been sort,” a 
ministry spokesman said. 

The meeting will take place in Am- 
sterdam oo June 27, about two weeks 
after the EU summit talks on reform. 
Those talks will follow a summit 
meeting in the Dutch town of 
Maastricht on May 23 in order to try 
to reach an agreement on anew treaty 
‘for the Union. 

Among tiie objectives of die reforms 
is the adaptation of EU structures to 
facilitate new countries joining the Un- 
ion. (AFP) 

Opposition Chief 
Gams in Sweden 

STOCKHOLM — A majority of 
Swedes, 51 percent, would prefer to 
see the opposition Conservative lead- 
er, Gad Bildt, as bead of die Swedish 
government over the Social Demo- 
cratic prime minister, Goeran 
Persson, according to a poll published 

Only 25 percent of the 1 ,000 people 
questioned said they would’tiK&ft 
Mr. Persson re-elected, the poll in the 

daUySt%riska:nagb]fl<^sbDwed> v_; 

Aboard •percent- were 'undecided - 
or did not want either man to leadthe 
country. The next legislative elec- 
tions in Sweden are scheduled for 
September 1998. 

Support for Mr. Bildt, the civilian 
representative in Bosnia who served 
as Swedish prime minister from 1991 
to 1994, has been bolstered by in- 
ternational praise for bis efforts in 
Sarajevo, while Mr. Persson has faced 
criticism over economic issues and 
unemployment. . (AFP) 

French Interns Raid 
National Assembly 

PARIS — About 300 hospital in- 
terns and doctors invaded the Na- 
tional Assembly on Monday in a new 
protest against Prime Miniker Alain 
Juppe's plans to ref mm the social 
security system, which they say 
amount to rationing health care. 

The protesters tried to climb rail- 
ings around the Parliament building 
before being removed by the police. 

Parliament was not in session 
Monday but resumes Tuesday. 

The interns have been on strike for 
the past five weeks and are refusing to 
provide nonurgent treatment. (AFP) 

U.S. Criticizes 
Voting Defects 
In Serb Enclave 

The Associated Press 

VUKOVAR, Croatia — A U.S. en- 
voy Monday sharply criticized the or- 
ganization of elections in the last en- 
clave in Croatia that is held by Serbs and 
hinted that the United States might re- 
commend prolonging international ad- 
ministration of the region. 

John Komhlum. an assistant secre- 
tary of state, said that elections Sunday 
in the region known as eastern Slavonia 
k . the successful re- 

1 integration and - our abiti^ to recom- 
mend Jhe end of the mandate” to ad- 
' * ministef the area/'. *“- © *' 

’ . “Our decision over the UN mandate 
depended a great deal on the success of 
the elections.” he said. 

The elections Sunday were marred by 
so many problems that voting bad to be 
extended through Monday. Polling 
booths opened late Sunday in up to 70 of 
170 sites, while others lacked voting 
lists and even ballot boxes. In die town 
of Hok. Serbs were angoed to find that 
voter roils in most polling stations had 
only Croats’ names. 

1 ‘The organization of the elections is 
catastrophic,” Vojislav Stanimirovic, a 
moderate who heads the Serbian party 
in the region, said in Vukovar, the main 
town held by Serbs. 

The shortcomings were bound to 
stoke fears among local Serbs that they 
would face discrimination and reprisals 
intended to drive them away when 
Croats reclaim the area in mid-July un- 
der a 1995 accord. 

Yet they turned out in force Monday 
to cast their ballots. 

“Unlike yesterday, today is quiet and 
everything is going on just fine.” said 
Dragan Jankov, head of a local election 

The vote was part of nationwide elec- 
tions for the 68-seat upper bouse of 
Parliament and municipal offices. 

. Officials said that voting went 
smoothly elsewhere in Croatia. 

German Insurers Hedge on Jews 9 Assets 

By Alan Cowell 

New York Times St nice 

BONN — Germany’s life insurance 
companies sought to distance them- 
selves Monday from a class-action suit 
filed in New York seeking up to SI 
billion compensation for prewar policies 
confiscated from Jews, saying they be- 
lieved the bulk of such cases in Germany 
were settled in the 1 950s. 

After an emergency meeting of their 
professional association in Dusseldorf. 
however, the German companies said 
any outstanding claims would be pro- 
cessed “quickly and not bureaucratic- 
ally,” according to Gabriele Hoffmann, 
spokeswoman for the Association of 
German Insurers. 

The association represents all 500 
German insurance companies and its 
presidium, which met Monday, is made 
up of directors from 11 insurance 
companies, Mrs. Hoffmann said. 

“There was no final result. It was the 
first meeting we have bad on this.” she 
said. However, she said, research in the 

archives of insurance companies had 
found “no open points." She added that 
specific cases named in the New York 
suit were “not known to us.” 

Lawyers in New York are seeking 
class-action status for a suit against seven 
named European insurance" companies 
and up to 100 more unidentified concerns, 
claiming that they failed to pay out on 
insurance policies seized by the Nazis. 

In the years leading up to and during 
Worid War II, Nazi officials system- 
atically confiscated the wealth of Ger- 
man and other European Jews, including 
life insurance policies. Most of the 
claimants in the New York suit are chil- 
dren or heirs of policyholders who died 
in the Holocaust. 

The claimants accused European in- 
surance companies of blocking their 
postwar efforts to redeem the policies. 

One big company. Assicurazioni 
Generali of Italy, has dismissed the 
claims as without merit while another. 
Allianz AG of Germany — one of 
Europe’s biggest — has said it would 
honor valid claims. 

Mrs. Hoffmann, speaking for the Ger- 
man insurance association, said American, 
lawyers had not formally served the suit 
on any German insurance companies. 

However, she said, the vast majority of 
restitution claims against German insur- 
ance companies had been settled in vari- 
ous compensation agreements, most no- 
tably a 1953 law under which die former 
West Germany assumed responsibilities 
arising from die Third Reich. She said 
individual claims had been settled under 
this legislation and a lump-sum payment 
had also been made to Israel. 

"We assume that companies will con- 
tinue to look in their archives for open 
cases where no compensation was 
made.” she said. "We assume that the 
companies will be aware of their re- 
sponsibilities and will deal quickly and 
not bureaucratically with any claims.” 

While the suit names seven companies, 
she said it also left open the possibility for 
up to 100 more to be identified later. 

The claims affect not only policies 
made in Germany itself but also in coun- 
tries that were occupied by Germany. 



The Millennium War 

By Humphrey Hawksley and Simon 
Holberton. 388 pages. £1639 hardback: 
£9.99 paperback. Sidgwick and Jackson, 

Reviewed by Philip Bowring 

T HE Chinese are coming. Prepare for 
war in 2001. Well timed to ride a 
wave of concern in the West about 
China's military capabilities, this book 
is not merely meant to entertain. It does 
that well enough and tire format should 
make for a good movie too. But the 
authors state a higher objective squarely 
in the preface: "China is wealthy. It is 
expansionist. It is embittered about its 
past. China is a nondemocratic, one- 

party state, whose government has to 
prove itself to survive. This book has 
been written as a warning of what might 
happen if Western, and especially 
American policy toward China is al- 
lowed to drift.” 

The authors of "Dragon Strike" are 
two journalists with long experience in 
Asia. Hawksley is currently a BBC cor- 
respondent in Beijing, and Holberton. an 
Australian, was a Financial Times cor- 
respondent in Tokyo and Hong Kong. So 
this book, written as a series of dispatches 
from Washington. Beijing. Tokyo, etc. 
over a few days in February-March 2001 . 
must ultimately be judged by whether the 
scenario it paints is sufficiently realistic 
to achieve its political purpose. 

In February 2001. China's President 
Wang, facing dissension and unrest at 


By Robert Byrne 

T AL Staked, an 18-year-old inter- 
national master, of Tucson, Arizona, 
has scored a second grandmaster norm, 
this one coming in the Cannes, France, 
International Open Tournament 

F-ike his first grandmaster norm, 
which he acquired at the IV Anibal 
Open in Linares, Spain, this new success 
occurred in a Swiss-System competi- 

In the second round at Cannes, 
Shaked used a lead in development to 
break down the defenses of the French 
international master Marc Santo-Roman 
with the clever sacrifice of a knight 
The anti-French Defense method 
with 3 ed ed 4 d4 is unambitious in' its 
allowing Black an unimpeded devel- 
opment Maybe it was intended to lull 
the opponent into complacency. Shaked 
stays alert 

Shaked's 4. JBb45 Nc3 Ne7 is at least 
150 years old- It is smooth and efficient 
— and trickier than it looks. The move 6 
a3 was recommended by Bent Larsen in 
die “Encyclopedia of Chess Open- 
ings,” VoL C, second edition. It guar- 
antees White the two bishops, but it 
bums up a tempo. 

The normal-looking 8 Nf3 was in- 
ferior. Santo-Roman should have 
played 8 Bd3 so that 8...dc 9 Bc4 Nd5 
could be answered by 10 Ne2. 

After Il..-Re8, Santo-Roman should 
probably have played 12 Kfl. After 12 

Be2 Qe7, he had trouble getting his king 
out of the center. 

After Shaked's 15..Rad8.’. he 
threatened 16...Bf3 17 gf Nd4! 18 Bd4 
cS 19 Bc5 Qc5 with clear positional 
advantage to Black. 

On 17...Ne5, Santo-Roman missed 
Shaked's ingenious threats. If 18 Bb6 
ab, the dark squares fall under Black's 
control. If 18 Qc2, then Qh4! 19 f4 Ng4 
20 Bg4 Qg4 21 Kh 1 Qf3 22 Kgl Rd6 23 
f5 Re4 wins for Black. 

After 18 Qb3, Shaked scored a break- 
through with 18..J9bc4! Santo-Roman 
could not well play 19Qb7 since l9..J4e3 
2Qfe Qg5 21 KO Ng4! 22 fg Qe3 23 Kg2 
Qe2 24 R£2.Qg4 wins for Black. 

Burafter be accepted the knighi offer 
with 19 Bc4. Shaked pounced with 
I9.:.Nf3 20 Kg2 Qe4!, threatening 
21— Mel 22 Kh3 Qf3 23 Kh4 Re4 24 
Kg5 b6 mate. 

After 21 Kh3, Shaked could have 
used the rapier with 21...Qh4! 22 Kg2 
Qg4 23 Kbl Nh4 24 Rgl Qf3, to be 
followed by mare. Instead, he chose the 
bludgeon with 21..Re5 22 Be2 (or 22 
Rgl Rh5 23 Kg3 Rd6 24 b4 Rg6 25 Bg5 
Rgg5 26 hg Rg5 27 Kh3 Qh4 mate) 
Rdd5 23 Qc4 Rh5 24 Kg3 Rdg5 25 Bg5 
Rg5 26 Kh3 Qf5. It is check-mate next 
move, so Santo-Roman gave up. 






1 e4 

14 Be3 




15 (H) 


3 ed 


IS <15 




17 gf 


5 Nc3 


18 QM 




IS Bc4 




28 Kg2 


8 NO 


21 Kh3 

9 Be2 


22 Be2 


10 BC4 


23 Qc4 


11 Bd2 


24 Kg3 


12 Be2 


25 Bg5 


23 04 


26 Kh3 

27 Resigns 


home, takes a nationalistic gamble. He is 
confident of China's strategic-arms ca- 
pability. to which Russian technology 
has contributed heavily. Militarily im- 
portant industries have also been im- 
proved by technology acquired through 
joint ventures with leading U.S. compa- 
nies. China seizes all islands and oil rigs 
in the South China Sea and announces it 
is making a reality of its 1992 claim to 
sovereignty over that sea. Only Vietnam 
offers significant resistance. 

The initial U.S. response is feeble, 
largely dictated by U.S. business groups 
who do not want to lose their China 
contracts and Chinese Americans close 
to the administration who cry “racism” 
when the prospect of confronting 
Beijing aggression is raised. Japan feels 
so let down by the United States that it 
conducts a nuclear test to show that in 
the frture it will rely on its own devices, 
not on its dubious ally. 

The United States becomes actively 
involved only when China sinks a navy 
ship sent to rescue American oil workers 
held on a rig seized by China. When 
China threatens Washington with a nu- 
clear strike, panic and race rioting hit 
American cities. Rather than call China's 
nuclear bluff, the president withdraws 
U.S. forces from the South China Sea and 
tries to go back to business-as-usual with 
a China that has made the sea its own. 

In sideshows. South Korea takes a 
few blows but overruns the North. After 
the U.S. retreat, an overconfident China 
tries invading Taiwan but is badly 
bruised by its compatriots — as also by 
the Vietnamese. In the financial markets 
China makes a small fortune in futures 
through its British investment banker 
pals in HongKong. 

The -net results: of the brief Millen- 
nium War are thus U.S. retreat from the 
Western Pacific, Chinese domination of 
most of Southeast Asia. Korean reuni- 
fication, Japanese rearmament on a 
grand scale and the end of China's hope 
of reunification with Taiwan. 

The authors seem to exaggerate 
China’s military potential within the 
next few years, and to underestimate 
existing Japanese fire power. Indonesia 
is ignored. So too is Malaysia’s now 
considerable naval capability and will to 
fight for its islands. The premise that the 
South China Sea is incredibly rich in oil 
and vital to an oil-deficient China is 
almost certainly an overstatement. 

The central theme, however, comes 
through loud and clean The United 
Stares has little idea why ir is still in the 
Western Pacific (other perhaps than 
Korea). As events every year since 1992 
have shown, it has no policy toward 
China's seaward expansionism, instead 
taking naive comfort in the benefits of 
"engagement” with a China whose 
goals have been stated and are unlikely 
to be changed by smiling faces. 

Add a decade to 2001, and Hawksley 
and Holberton may be too dose for 

Position after 1 8 Qb3 

Philip Bowring, a journalist based in 
Hong Kong, wrote this for the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 



- fc-Hsfc 

- ■ etmM**' 


Bitterness Over U.S.-EU Trade Deal Proves It a Truce, Not a Settlement # 

By Tom Bueride 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — European diplomats 
reacted with bitter resignation Monday 
to the proposed U.S.-EU deal on trade 
with Cuba, Iran and Libya, indicating 
that the so-called understanding reached 
late last week represented at brat a truce 
rather than a settlement of the trans- 
Atlantic dispute. 

The nature of the deal, hashed out in 
telephone negotiations late Friday, 
rankled most European governments. . 

It required the 15-nation European 
Union to suspend Immediately its 
World Trade Organization complaint 
against the Heims- Burton and D' Amato 
Acts in return for a promise from the 
Clinton administration to work with 
Congress over the next six months to 
protect European companies from the 

trade sanctions in those laws. The 
Helms-Burton Act allows Washington 
to impose sanctions on foreign compa- 
nies that invest in Cuba, while the 
D' Amato Act contains sanctions on for- 
eign companies that do business with 
Iran and Libya. 

Many EU diplomats said grudgingly 
that those promises were the best Europe 
could expect now, given the deep hos- 
tility in Congress to the governments in 
Cuba, Iran and Libya and to Western 
companies that trade with them. 

And with Washington threatening to 
boycott a WTO dispute panel if the 
Europeans went ahead with their case 
this week, these diplomats were 
resigned to suspending the case for the 
sake of the trade organization's cred- 

As one German diplomat, whose 
government was one of the strongest 

supporters of the deal, put it, “We con- 
sider it blackmail. The U.S. is using 
extraterritoriality to coerce us.” 

Nevertheless, he said, “We are will- 
ing to give the White House the benefit 
of the doubt because they have made 
strong efforts.” 

A Spanish official was scathing, call- 
ing the proposed agreement “too 
biased" in favor of the United States. 
“It falls short of the objectives of the 
European Union in dealing with ex- 
traterritorial legislation." the official 
said. “I don’t dunk the European Union 
can afford to be seen as the whipping 
boy of the United States.” 

A majority of EU ambassadors, led 
by those from Germany and Britain, 
expressed support for the deal at a meet- 
ing in Brussels on Monday with the EU 
trade commissioner. Sir Leon Brittan. 
But there were strong reservations from 

France, Spain, Italy, Belgium and Lux- 
embourg, raising some doubt that the 
ambassadors would endorse the deal 
when they meet to decide Wednesday. 

Still, the odds, appeared to favor ap- 
proval, if only because the understand- 
ing is only “a be ginnin g and not an 
end” in the words of Stuart Eizenstat, 
the undersecretary of commerce who 
led the U.S. side in the negotiations. 

In Brussels, Sir Leon insisted that the 
EU would renew its WTO complaint if 
Washington failed to deliver on its side 
of the bargain. “Our rights are fully 
protected," he said. 

the United Stales and the Europeans to 
negotiating rules on investing in ex- 
propriated property by Oct. 15 and then 
extending them globally through the Or- 
ganization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development They also agreed to 

by to resolve differences over “con- 
flicting jurisdictions,'* a veiled refer- 
ence to the U.S. strategy of pursuing its 
foreign-policy goals by applying its laws 
to foreign companies. That tactic, which 
is seen by Europeans as extraterritori- 
ality, is at the heart of the dispute.. 

If those talks succeed, the Clinton 
administration has promised to push 
Congress to amend Helms-Burton to 
exempt European companies from the 
law’s provision barring from the United 
States the executives of foreign compa- 
nies that invest in Cuban properties 
seized from Americans during die 
Castro revolution. 

To date, two British executives of the 
Canadian mining company Sherri tt In- 
ternational have been barred from en- 
tering the United States, while the State 
Department has warned the Italian tele- 
communications company Stet SpA 

value or seizea ^ u vr\ onflfl 

talS a. W OTto . 

Thkt aspect led aidra to Senator Jesse 
Helms, Republican of North Carolina 
and tite law’s chief sponsor, to tfaeato* 
to block any waiver of sanctums for Eu 

European officials worried 
that Sir Leon had ceded the principle 
and had failed to win any clear com- 
mitment from Washington on extrater- 

Obscure Doctor Again 
Faces Sinn Fein Chief 

He Beat Gerry Adams Once; Can He Now? 

By James F. Clarity 

New York Tima Service 

BELFAST — Dr. Joe Hendron, 63, 
an affable, slightly paunchy family phy- 
sician, is virtually unkn own outside 
Northern Ireland, but he is still famous 
in the working-class area of West Bel- 
fast as the only politician who ever 
defeated Gerry Adams, the leader of the 
Irish Republican Army’s political 

That was Eve years ago when, as the 
candidate of the mainstream, Roman 
Catoolic -dominated Social Democratic 
Labor Party, be beat Mr. Adams by 589 
votes out of 40,000 cast to become the 
area’s representative in the British Par- 
liament and a thorn in die side of Sinn 
Fein, the party led by Mr. Adams. 

The defeat of Mr. Adams did not 
hinder his rise as leader of the over- 
whelmingly Catholic Republican 
movement in efforts toward a peace 
settlement in Northern Ireland. 

Republicans have pushed for an end 
to British rule in Northern Ireland and 
closer ties to die Irish Republic in the 
south, a campaign marked by decades of 
sporadic guerrilla warfare by the IRA. 
They are opposed by unionists, who 
want the mostly Protestant province to 
remain with Britain. 

But now the peace effort is stalled, 
and Mr. Adams and Sinn Fein have been 
barred from the. negotiating , table be- 
cause of the IRA's .resumption of vi- 
olence. In the British general election on 
May 1, Mr. Adams, 48, is trying to 
regain some of his prestige by winning 
back the seat he held for nine years 
before his defeat in 1992. The election 
will also fill 17 other Northern Ireland 
seats in Parliament 

The composition of the Northern Ir- 
ish delegation will be crucial to the 
peace talks that began 10 months ago. 
Negotiations bogged down in renewed 
IRA violence and haggling between 
Catholic nationalists and Protestant uni- 
onists at the Belfast talks headed by the 
former Senate majority leader, George 

On Friday, his first day of door-to- 
door campaigning, Dr. Hendron's 
house calls were distinctly partisan, al- 
though several people asked for medical 

An old woman wanted him to look at 
her knee, which she had just twisted 
tripping over her vacuum cleaner corcL 
A man talking through a battery- 
powered voice box got a promise from 
the doctor to advise him on his recovery 
from throat cancer surgery. A woman 
asked him to visix a relative who had 
undergone heart surgery. 

But most of the doctor’s talk was 
political as he rang bells of the small, 
neat, brick houses of Ardmoulin Gose. 

“I hope you can help us." he said to a 
burly man in a purple T-shirt The man 

smiled and accepted leaflets, but with 
the doctor out of earshot he said he 
would be voting for Mr. Adams. Asked 
if his support for Sinn Fein had not been 
shaken after an IRA gunman shot and 
wounded a policewoman in London- 
derry the day before, he said, “Sinn 
Fein had nothing to do with that" and 
closed his door. 

But a few houses away, Ellen Curry, a 
woman in her 60s, said she was for Dr. 
Hendron. “There are too many sad 
homes," she said, referring to the 3,212 
people who have been killed in political 
violence since 1969. 

Dr. Hendron did not tell her, as he had 
insisted earlier in an interview, that 
“everyone knows that more Catholics 
have been killed by the IRA than have 
been killed by Protestant loyalists and 
the British security forces combined.” 

“Sinn Fein is the junior partner — 
they take orders from the IRA," he said. 
“Everybody knows that" 

Dr. Hendron is highlighting Sinn 
Fein's affiliati on with the ERA in his 
campaign against Mr. Adams. He has 
been supported in this by John Hume, 
his party's leader, as well as by the Irish 
Republic's prime minister, John 

Dr. Hendron has also promised that 
he would continue to attend Parliament 
sessions, whereas Mr. Adams and his 
party have said they would not take their 
seats if elected because- that woukTin- 
volve.a pledge of allegiance to the Brit- 
ish Crown and to the governors of the 
six northern Irish counties the IRA says 
are illegally occupied by Britain. 

Dr. Hendron said continued violence 
by the. IRA could boost his chances in 
the election, pushing moderate voters 
away from Sinn Fein. Still, Dr. Hendron 
said, if the IRA declared a new, con- 
vincing cease-fire. Sinn Fein should be 
allowed at the peace table. 

He added that hard-line Protestant 
Unionists like the Rev. Ian Paisley prob- 
ably want Mr. Adams to win because 
Mr. Adams is their favorite demon. The 
election is expected to be close, possibly 
turning on whether Protestants, a minor- 
ity in this district, who voted for Dr. 
Hendron five years ago, decide to do so 
again, and on whether he can attract 
undecided Catholics. 

Dr. Hendron said he has been staying 
in his district, tending to his constitu- 
ents’ problems, and has helped to bring 
3,000 jobs to the area, while Mr. Adams 
has been traveling to Dublin, London. 
New York and Washington. 

Mr. Adams, who has not yet begun 
campaigning door to door, has not at- 
tacked Dr. Hendron personally, and has 
acknowledged that he is not sure he can 
win back bis okl seat But he wants to 
increase his bargaining power by having 
Sinn Fein win more than the 15.5 percent 
of the provincewide vote it got last year in 
an election for places at the peace talks. 

UcAnotiml Pi*™ 

Women mourning Monday after five members of their family were killed in their village south of Algiers. 

Iranian Protesters Clash With Police 

The Associated Press 

TEHRAN — Hundreds of stone- 
throwing Iranian students clashed with 
government troops outside die German 
Embassy compound. Monday. 

It was. the first violent confrontation 
since a German court last Thursday im- 
plicated Iranian leaders in the assas- 
sinations of four political opponents at a 
restaurant in Berlin in 1992, setting off 
street demonstrations here and in other 

Riot police, standing six deep and 
linking arms, kept the students from 
storming the diplomatic mission. At one 
point, officers drew their guns in front of 
the estimated 400 protesters. As the 
confrontation escalated, the govern- 
ment bused in more police officers. 

Dozens of the students were taken 
into custody. Several were hurt. 

Students shouted anti-German slo- 
gans, saying, “We will occupy the em- 
bassy and return the insult made against 
our leaders." The protesters were from 
Islamic associations in Tehran uni- 

But after about 30 minutes, the stu- 
dents dispersed and most of the riot 
police left the busy central Tehran area. 
About 100 policemen remained to guard 
the compound. 

On Sunday, tens of thousands of 
people organized a peaceful demonstra- 
tion in front of the mission, which has 
been under tight police protection in 
recent days. 

About 2,000 Islamic hard-liners stag- 
ing a rally in front of the embassy Friday 
vowed to launch a suicide attack against 
the mission. 

■ Most EU Envoys Depart 

Diplomats in Tehran said Monday 
that all the ambassadors from the 
European Union, except the Greek en- 
voy, had left Iran in the past several days- 
or were about to depart, Agence France - 
Presse reported 

The German ambassador, Horst 

Baechmann, was the first to return Fri- 
day after most EU countries recalled 
their top diplomats in reaction to the 

Berlin court verdict implicating Tehran toejxuly jpresident, Mahfoudh Nahnah. 
in the I992marders. y~- » ~ , > Cou^«at!a%TOoderate Islamic party, 

Greece, which is still ironsidering. *»: ’.Hamas bias" • jto- connection to the 

30 More Slain 
By ‘Terrorists 9 
Near Algiers 

Ciw*p&dtvOirStriTFmmDafx**cs ^ 

ALGIERS — Suspected Islamic ex- 
tremists killed 30 people overnight in a 
village near Boufarik, 35 kilometers 
south of Algiers, security forces said 
Monday. „ 

In a statement, the security forces said 
flie “cowardly” slaughter wascanied 
out by a “group of terrorists” in the 
village of Douar Chaib Mohammed - 

Twenty-nine people were shot or 
hacked to death at the end of last week 
by suspected Islamic fundamentalists in 
the same region, including 22 from the 
same village. 

Security forces did not give any de- 
tails of the latest killings, which would 
put the death toll in the past 10 days of* 
massacres at 173, mostly in the MItidjsr 
plain, which is patrolled by anti-fun- 
damentalist “self-defense” groups. 

The wave of unrest cranes as Algeria 
prepares for general elections on June 5, 
the first polls since the cancellation of 
elections in 1992, which the Islamic 
Salvation Front, Algeria’s largest re- 
ligious party, was set to win.' 

Meanwhile, in a move to secularize 
its image, the Algerian Islamic party 
H amas has dropped the reference to 
Islam in its official name in order to 
participate in the June elections. 

Hamas changed its party description 
from toe Islamic Society Movement to 
the Peaceful Society Movement, said 
the party president, Mahfoudh Nahnah. 

decision, has been widely praised by 
Iranian officials and news media for not 
immediately joining toe backlash. 


Palestinian group with toe same name 
and does not have an armed wing like 
tiie Islamic Salvation Front (AFP. AP) 

St. Paul’s Cathedral Renders Unto Caesar... 


LONDON — St Paul’s Cathedral, 
one of London’s best-known land- 
marks, was embroiled in a dispute on 
Monday over taking a £15,000 spon- 
sorship from toe U.S. arms giant Lock- 
heed Martin. 

Lockheed Martin Gorp.. one of the 
world's biggest military suppliers, which 
makes Stealth bombers and nuclear mis- 
siles for Trident submarines, has offered 

the $24,000 to fund a concert in return for 
using toe cathedral for corporate hos- 
pitality for other defense firms. 

The decision has outraged campaign- 
ers against the arms trade and some 
Church of England clergymen, who said 
the deal was immoral and tainted the 
reputation of St Paul's. 

Canon John Halliburton, who chaired 
the committee that approved the spon- 
sorship, defended the (teal, saying Lock- 

heed was selling arms to countries for 
self-defense rather than the promotion 
of war. But campaigners against arms 
said the church had rewritten toe Sixth 
Commandment: Thou shall not kill. 

"For a church of toe profile of St 
Paul's to accept money that is tainted, ar 
least in the eyes of substantia] members 
of the church, gives a completely wrong 
message." said Canon Paul Oestreicher 
of Coventry Cathedral. 

Palestinians Doubtful Arafat 
Will Meet With Israeli Official 

JERUSALEM — The Palestinian Authority dampened 
Israeli expectations of a meeting between Foreign Minister 
David Levy and Yasser Arafat at European-Mediterranean 
talks in Malta. 

But a senior Palestinian official said Monday that Mr. 
Levy might meet the Palestinian planning and international 
cooperation minister, Nabil Shaath, at the two-day con- 
ference, which starts Tuesday. 

“There are efforts under way to convene a Pales tinian- 
Israeli meeting and the meeting may take place between 
Shaath and Levy,” Ahmed Abdel Rahman, director-general 
of the Palestinian Authority, told the Voice of Palestine 

Palestinian and Israeli officials said the European Un- 
ion's Middle East envoy, Miguel Angel Moratinos, was at 
toe center of efforts to arrange a meeting in Malta to defuse 
toe current crisis in peace efforts. ( Reuters ) 

Argentina Calm on Chile Jets 

BUENOS AIRES — Argentina's government is not 
concerned about a U.S. sale of fighter planes to Chile, 
Defense Minister Jorge Dominguez said Monday. 

“I do not see it as a danger,” the daily paper La Nacion 
quoted Mr. Dominguez as having said. He added that he had 
been aware of the Chilean plans and that “the important 
thing is that an arms war between us does not start.” 

Chile also has been buying missiles and 160 German 
tanks. La Nacion reported. 

Mr. Dominguez said he expected delivery in August of 
the first six of a total 36 jet planes that Argentina has 
purchased from the United States. (AFP) 

Grenade Wounds 33 in Ethiopia 

ADDIS ABABA — A hand grenade exploded in one of 
the largest and most modem supermarkets in Addis Ababa 
on Monday, wounding 33 persons, 6 of them seriously, the 

police said. According to a police statement, die grenade 
was thrown into the Tana supermarket in Merkato, toe.- ■ 
Ethiopian capital's main market area. 

The attack took place about 5 PAL, when toe super- 
market is usually bustling with shoppers after work. Police 
units seated off toe supermarket after toe explosion. 

An Ethiopian waitress was killed and 42 persons, in- 
cluding 4 Britons and a French couple, were wounded 
Saturday night in grenade attacks on an Italian restaurant ■ 
and a hotel in Addis Ababa. (Reuters) 

UN Discussing Iraqi Flight 

UNITED NATIONS, New York — The UN Security 
Council began consultations Monday on whether an Iraqi 
flight that carried pilgrims to Saudi Arabia last week 
violated an air embargo. 

The 15-member council postponed discussion Friday 
after failing to agree on a response to toe flight by an Iraqi 
Airways plane to Jidda. 

The United States led toe move to obtain Security Coun- 
cil condemnation of the act, arguing toar it violated the UN 
resolution that set up the air embargo in September 1990 
following toe Iraqi invasion of Kuwait the previous 

Iraq argued Saturday that toe flight with 104 Muslim 
pilgrims aboard was humanitarian and allowed under the 
text of the resolution. (AFP) 

Landless Complete Brazil Trek 

BRASILIA — About 1 ,500 members of Brazil's radical 
Landless Movement converged on Brasilia on Monday on 
the last teg of a two-month trek to demand faster land 

Trade union confederation officials have said that about 
50,000 workers will join toe protest. As well as the land 
issue, they will call on toe government to suspend its 
privatization program and its plan to cut civil service jobs. 

A main column of demonstrators walked 1,200 kilo- 
meters <750 miles) to Brasilia. (Reuters) 


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TUESDAY, APRIL 15, 1997 





Sribune. jj ie NATO Swan Dive Into an Unknown Future 



Taiwanese Mischief 

For a small island that has had no 
diplomatic relations with the United 
Stares since 1979, Taiwan has played 
an outsized role in the furor over While 
House fund-raising and the manage- 
ment of American policy toward China. 
Many of the contested donations to the 
Democratic Party bear Taiwanese con- 
nections, and the high tensions in re- 
lations between Washington and 
Beijing last year were to a considerable 
degree precipitated by Taiwan. 

Taiwan wants both strong commer- 

cial links to China and political 
autonomy from Beijing, a split agenda 
that cannot help but produce trouble in 
the years ahead. Taiwan also looks to 
Washington to help secure its prosper- 
ity and its freedoms, putting the United 
States in a bind. 

As a democratic country locked in a 
difficult relationship with a Communist 
behemoth, Taiwan deserves American 
sympathy and support But American 
policy must be measured against other 
interests and cannot be sustained if 
Taiwan abuses Washington’s support. 

The mischief that Taiwan can pro- 
duce was apparent in die 1995-96 crisis 
in relations between tbe United Stares 
and China. The dispute arose when the 
Clinton administration approved a visa 
for President Lee Teng-hui of Taiwan to 
make an unofficial visit to Cornell Uni- 
versity, his alma mater. China saw tbe 
visa as a threat to America's one-China 
policy, which commits Washington to 
recognize only one government, 
Beijing’s, within the historic boundaries 
of China, which includes Taiwan. 

While China overreacted to the de- 
cision, Taiwan knew full well that the 
visa would upset relatiohs between 
Washington and Beijing. Cornell in- 
vited Mr. Lee after receiving two large 
contributions from Taiwan. 

Taiwan then successfully pressed 
Congress to demand that die White 
House issue the visa. Once in the coun- 
try, Mr. Lee used his visit to make 
politically tinged speeches. 

Taiwan and Taiwanese- Americans 
played a central role in the White House 

fund-raising abuses, hi this case, the 
most likely motivation was to 
strengthen American commercial ties 
with China and Taiwan. The Demo- 
cratic Party fund-raising trio of John 
Huang, Johnny Chung and Charlie Trie 
are all Taiwanese- Americans. The Los 
Angeles Buddhist temple where A1 
Gore attended a fund-raising event is 
affiliated with a Taiwanese religious 
leader. There is nothing wrong with 
Asian-Americans being politically ac- 
tive. But tunneling foreign contributions 
or buying political access, as suspected 
in these cases, is illegal and troubling. 

Those who worked to win Mr. lie 
his visa knew their success would poi- 
son relations between tbe United States 
and China. Mr. Huang, meanwhile, is a 
strong advocate of warmer ties be- 
tween Washington and Beijing, and 
Mr. Chung bas links to Chinese 
companies, including the Chinese mil- 
itary's main arms -dealing outlet. 

These contradictions reflect the 

complexity of today s democratic and 
affluent Taiwan. Multiple parties tug 
its foreign policy in different direc- 
tions. Local businesses have developed 
close relationships with the Chinese 
mainland, where factory labor is dra- 
matically cheaper. But while Taiwan’s 
economy is now more closely entwined 
with China's. Mr. Lee has sought to 
recover tbe distinct diplomatic identity 
Taiwan enjoyed until 1979. 

America’s interest is to encourage 
China and Taiwan to avoid confron- 
tation in the hope that more attractive 
resolutions may be available in the 
future, hi practice, Washington needs 
to discourage not only military ad- 
venturism by China, but also diplo- 
matic adventurism by Taiwan. 

America also has a clear interest in 
maintaining strong economic ties with 
both Taiwan and China, respectively 
its seventh- and fourth-largest trading 
partners. When China and Taiwan 
crudely try to manipulate American 
politics and policy, it is natural for 
Americans to be dismayed. 


Helping Ukraine 

As Large as France and about as 
populous, if Ukraine establishes itself 
as a prosperous democracy, Russia is 
far more likely to follow suit If, con- 
versely, Ukraine fractures or collapses, 
its failure is likely to sharpen Russia's 
latent imperial tendencies. 

For these reasons, die United States 
has rightly gotten very interested in the 
fate of Ukraine. At congressional in- 
sistence, it is giving about as much 
foreign aid to Ukraine as to Russia, 
which has three tunes the population. 
NATO is preparing to negotiate a 
charter with Ukraine that would par- 
allel tbe agreement the Western al- 
liance seeks to work out with Russia. 

hi all of this, however, one player is 
not following tbe approved script. 
Guess who that is. The country itself. 
Nearly six years into independence. 
Ukraine has yet to get its internal re- 
frain process in gear. The level of of- 
ficial and unofficial corruption in the 
country is breathtaking. In recent days, 
the deputy prime minister in charge of 
economic reform, one of the few top 
officials with unquestioned reformist 

credentials, has resigned in frustration. 

Ukraine has marig some pr ogress in 
six years. Unlike Russia and most other 
framer Soviet republics, it weathered a 
peaceful transition when President Le- 
onid Kuchma defeated Ukraine’s first 
president in a free and fair election. 
Last June it adopted a democratic con- 
stitution. Thousands erf state-owned 
firms have been privatized. Ukraine 
voluntarily gave up the nuclear 
weapons it inherited when the Soviet 
Union collapsed. These accomplish- 
ments should not be taken for granted. 

Nonetheless, tbe institutional corrup- 
tion of the Uk rainian political economy 
and its slow progress on reform pose a 
real dilemma to the West The United 
States has more than enough experience 
to know that pouring aid into dysfunc- 
tional regimes solves no problems — 
and often exacerbates them. Ukraine is 
approaching that point The strategic 
goal of helping Ukraine is sound. But in 
the end, Ukrainians will have to act in 
ways that make such help possible, not 
to say productive. 


Land Mine Diplomacy 

The global campaign to ban anti- 
personnel land mines is getting to the 
hard part — the transition from popular 
enthusiasm to official policy. Two 
treaties, representing potentially col- 
liding approaches, are under negoti- 
ation. Pnme Minister Jean Chrfitien of 
Canada and President Bill Clinton 
agreed last week to assign experts to 
try to make them work as one. 

The Canadians want governments 
simply to sign up for a prompt com- 
prehensive ban. Their first draft, since 
softened, would have required signers 
to commit to eliminate mines in two 
years, period. It sounds attractive. But 
its rigidity excludes the rogue states 
and loses such countries as tee United 
States. Russia and China, which make 
their own strategic calculations. The 
special American consideration is to 
protect U.S. soldiers in South Korea 
against a North Korean attack. 

The other approach lies in the Amer- 
ican effort to negotiate a land mine ban 
in the United Nations’ standing Con- 
ference on Disarmament in Geneva. Its 

senses, sotoe slowpt^^^d 5 spoilers 
can stymie progress. But it ropes 

everybody into a negotiating process. 

The American and Canadian focus 
now is to see if the two approaches can 
be made to reinforce each other. The 
United States prefers the Conference 
on Disarmament but takes the view 
that if by summer this forum has made 
itself negative and irrelevant on the 
issue, it will review its policy. Canada 
is under pressure to extend the reach of 
its treaty by providing for exceptions 
and for a flexible transition to a no- land 
mine world. A minefield not only 
marked but monitored, for instance, is 
not the kind teat rips legs off kids 
chasing a soccer ball that has been 
kicked out of bounds. 

Authoritative American military of- 
ficers pronounce it safe and plausible 
to use other weapons and tactics for tbe 
force-protection purposes that mines 
serve. A simple renunciation of land 
mines would give the United States a 
strong platform from which to per- 
suade others. But in the end, things 
must come to a table. Diplomacy 
seems a wickedly sluggish way to tame 
tbe bloody scourge of land mines, but a 
necessary way. 


nvTERjvmoNAi. ♦ * 

If rral o^gfefcw fcrtbun e 




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61997, haematioed HerdiTntme. AO right reserved. ISSN: 0294-8052. 

B RUSSELS — Some enterprising 
Russian public relations experts re- 
cently visited NATO headquarters and 
suggested a novel way to ease tensions 
between an expanding NATO and Rus- 
sia: Just change NATO's name, tbe 
Russians suggested, because NATO is 
a four-letter word for Russians. 

So how about calling it TOMATO 
(Trans-Oceanic Military Alliance and 
Treaty Organization), or POTATO 
(Peace Organization for Trans-Atlantic 
Ties and Operations) or maybe VOD- 
CA (Vanguard Organization for De- 
fense, Cooperation and Assistance)? 

NATO’s savvy boss, Javier Solaria 
Madariaga, laughed off the Russian pro- 
posaL But discussions with officials in 
Brussels left me convinced that if 
NATO goes ahead with its expansion, 
just about everything other than its name 
will be changing — and that’s too bad. 

I rather liked NATO the way it was 
— a tightly-knit group of like-minded 
democracies capable of taking on any 
military foe in tee world. Everyone is 
assuming that NATO can expand and 
keep that focused identity. Don't be- 
lieve iL The real truth is NATO is now 
locked on a path of expansion teat mil 
dilute its power every bit as much as 
baseball expansion diluted Major 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

League pitching and made every 90- 
pound weakling a home-run threat. 

It didn't have to be this way. NATO 
has always had two core functions. One 
was defense management — the com- 
mitment by each member to defend the 
others in the event of attack. Tbe other 
was peace management — the com- 
mitment by NATO’s 16 members to 
share their defense plans and budgets 
so that everyone knew what his neigh- 
bor was up to. Mutual defense kept 
peace between NATO and Russia and 
peace management kept peace among 
NATO’s 1 6 members. 

The question NATO asked itself 
after the Cold War was: How do we 
preserve our defense strengt h while 
expanding our peace management ca- 
pabilities to stabilize newly liberated 
Central Europe? It came up with a solid 
idea: Partnership for Peace. 

PFP was a junior NATO, in which 27 
non-NATO European states — includ- 
ing Russia — engaged in joint ex- 
ercises, sent ambassadors to NATO, 
were educated on NATO standards, 
discussed problems and participated 
with NATO in peacekeeping in Bosnia. 

The one thing PFP members didn’t get 
was NATO’s commitment to mutual 
defense, which was confined to the 
core 16. 

The beauty of PFP was that it pre- 
served NATO’s core strength while 
creating a framework to fill the power 
vacuum in Central Europe — without 

petition over who gets into NATO and 
who doesn’L 

So what happened? Unfortunately, 
in 1996 the Clinton team abandoned 
PFP in favor of expanding NATO's 
core members. It was a cynical effort to 
attract votes from Polish, Czech and 
Hungarian Americans by promising 
their motherlands membership. This 
silly decision set NATO on a slippery 
slope to who knows where. 

NATO now has three options. One is 
that it eventually expands to the Russian 
bender, including the Baltic stales 
Latvia, T Jrhnania and Estonia. If that 
happens it will be die end of NATO as a 
m utual defense alliance, because there 
is no way the U.S. Army is going to 
guarantee the Estonian-Russian border. 

In this scenario NATO becomes just a 
mim-United Nations. Or as a senior 
NATO military officer told me: ’*1116 
more nations that come in, the more 

NATO becomes just a collective se- 

watch each other — p ot a co uecuve 
defense group against a common enemy. 
That’s not the NATO we have now. 

Scenario 2 is that NATO doesn I 
expand beyond Poland, Hungary and 
the Czech Republic and tries to main- 
tain its current defense and p eace man- 
agement functions, with just three new 
members. But then we’ll have a per- 
manent gray zone of stares between 
NATO and Russia. Tbe stares left ran 

wffi fight to get in and Russia wdl fight 

to keep them ouL 

Scenario 3, tbe one the White House 
is co unting on, is that NATO begins to 

expand now but simultaneously deep- 
ens NATO-Rossia cooperation and aid 
to Russia. This creates so many in- 
centives for Moscow to be nice that 
NATO will be able to steadily creep 
toward the Russian border, and fill in 
the gray zone with new members, with- 
out alienating Moscow. 

Which will it be? No one at NATO 
can tell you. In other words, NATO 
expansion is a swan (five into an un- 
known future. What a reckless way to 
deal with tee most successful military 
affiance in history. 

The New York Times. 

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China Would Be Wise to Listen to Hong Kong Public Opinion 

H ONG KONG — Hong 
Kong is one of tbe greatest 

JLXKong is one of tbe greatest 
cities in the world: a sophis- 
ticated, decent, prosp erous and 

By Chris Patten 

The writer is governor of Hong Kong. 

free-wheeling society, where 
people cherish their liberties. 

people cherish their liberties. 

So I am sad that even before 
tbe transfer of sovereignty over 
Hong Kong from Britten to 
China at midnight on June 30. 
the Chinese govenunent has 
signal ed that it intends tn tighten 
the screw on civil liberties here. 

According to tee proposals 
announced by Hong Kong’s fu- 
ture government, police per- 
mission would be required for 
political protests, as well as 48- 
hours' notice. Political groups 
would have to register with tne 

Political parties would be pro- 
hibited from links with foreign 
political organizations. And 
political parties and protests 
could be banned fra* the vague 

reason of “national security." 

We are told that these curbs 
are being proposed because 
China’s legislature, the National 
People’s Congress, has decreed 
that some of our civil liberties 
legislation is incompatible with 
the Baric Law, Hong Kong’s 
mini-constitution te at is to 
effect after the handover. 

But as the Hong Koog Bar 
Association and the Law So- 
ciety of Hong Kong have poin- 
ted out,* china has never 
provided any evidence fra this 
claim. Kafka would have rec- 
ognized the logic. 

We are also told that the bal- 
ance between civil liberties and 
social order in Hong Kong needs 
to be tipped toward social aider. 
But we achieve teat balance 

very nicely at the moment. 

No one can argue teat tee 
changes we have made in our 
laws over the last 15 years have 
undermined our stability or eco- 
nomic success. Since 1984 our 
economy has doubled. Our 
crime rate has declined. 

There are more public 
demonstrations, but they have 
been overwhelmingly peacefuL 
We are a more democratic so- 
ciety, with a stronger represen- 
tative government. 

The proposed changes are ut- 
terly unnecessary. And they un- 
nerve Hong Kong when what 
Hong Koog wants at this sen- 
sitive time is reassurance. 

In announcing these propos- 
als, Hong Kong's government- 
in-waiting has assured the com- 

munity that it has begun a for- 
mal process to consult the pub- 
lic by soliciting written 
opinions, and that it will act on 
the views expressed. 

Because Hong Kong is a free 
and open society, people are 
already responding vigorously 
to tibe proposed curbs on their 
freedoms — just as they did 
when these ideas were first 
raised earlier this year. And tbe 
reaction bas been pretty hostile. 

People do not like tbe idea 
that die freedoms they enjoy and 
exercise sensibly today will be 
snatched away from them. In- 
deed. it was because of the ini- 
tial outcry that tbe future gov- 
ernment promised to take into 
account the public's views. 

This is, therefore, one of tbe 
first real tests of Hong Kong’s 
promised autonomy. If the con- 
sultation process shows that 
people do not want their civil 

liberties changed, will Hong 
Kong’s next government ac- 
knowledge tee results and modi- 
fy its proposals accordingly? 

Will it go back to Beijing and 
say. “Sorry, the people of Hong 

Kong say no”? 

I fervently hope it wilL My 
fear is teat if it insists on pre- 
venting people from expressing 
their views in a vigorous but 
peaceful way, if it seeks to 
choke off political activity, it 
will end up with just die sort of 
economic and politi c al prob- . 
lems it wishes to avoid. p, 

The consultation process of- 
fers an excellent opportunity fra 
tee future leaders of Hong Kong 
to show that they respond to 
public opinion. 

And if Che Chinese govern- 
ment allows teem to do so, they 
can show drat Hong Kong’s 
autonomy is for real. 

The New York Times. 

Will Europe Again Cave In to Iran or Finally Get Serious? 

L ONDON — A Berlin court 
has ruled that Iran's top 

J— /has ruled that Iran's top 
political leadership was in- 
volved in organizing die 1992 
murder of four I ranian exiles in 
Germany. Even before the ver- 
dict was fully read out last 
Thursday — it took six hours — 
the European Union had asked 
its member states to recall teen- 
ambassadors from Tehran for 
“urgent consultations." 

With the exception of 
Greece, all 15 EU members, 
and some noo-EU countries, in- 
stantly announced they would 

Tbe question is: What will 
the consultations be about? 

In normal diplomatic semi- 
ology, the withdrawal of am- 

By Amir Taheri 

b assado rs is dramatic. But this 
system of si gnalin g does not 
work with a muilaharchy teat 
describes international law as 
“a Judeo- Christian concoction 
not binding for Muslims." 

‘ ‘Europe is like a 60^year-old 
bride that puts on airs,” Pres- 
ident Hasbemi Rafsanjani told a 
gathering of militants in Tehran 
a day after the verdict. “We 
must not heed those airs because 
the old maid will come back. 
She has nowhere else to go.” 

Mr. Rafsanjani 's analysis is 
not mere Oriental hyperbole. 

The Western powers have 
used the tactic of withdrawing 
ambassadors from Tehran on 

two previous occasions: in 
1980, when American diplo- 
mats were held hostage in 
Tehran, and in 1989, when the 
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini 
issued the murder fatwa against 
the author S alman Rushdie. 

On bote occasions, tbe en- 
voys returned to Tehran within 
a month and all was forgotten. 

Will there be a different de- 
nouement this time? 

The answer could be “yes” 
if concrete demands are made 
on Tehran. 

Here are some: 

• Tehran should allow Ger- 
man prosecutors to question In- 
telligence Minister Aii Fal- 

lahiyan. who was mentioned by 
name in the Beilin verdict and is 
tee subject of an international 
arrest warrant. 

■ Tbe fatwa against Mr. 
Rushdie should be canceled. 

Envoys have been 
recalled before, 
but they were bade 
within a month 

• France could suspend proj- 
ects by Total and Elf-Aquitaine 
to develop ofl and gas fields in 

• British Gas and Royal 
Dutch/SbeE could put invest- 
ment talks with ban on hold. 

• German companies could 
withdraw from a dozen indus- 
trial projects in Iran and recall 
the 500 or so engineers and 

Courts Save Congress From Itself 

and again in America’s 

VV and again in America’s 
history. Congress has been 
saved by the courts from the 
consequences of a passing 
folly. We have a fresh and 
exceptionally dear example 
now: die decision by Federal 
District Judge Thomas Pen- 
field Jackson last week hold- 
ing die new Line Item Veto 
Act unconstitutional. 

Congress approved the le- 
gislation last year, qn tee the- 
ory that it would help balance 
the budget. What the Repub- 
lican majorities in tee House 
and Senate pretended not to 
notice was that the act would 
have drastic effects on Con- 
gress's constitutional power. 

The law provides that tee 
president, after signing a bill 
into law. may “cancel” any 
part of it teat appropriates 
money or authorizes entitle- 
ment programs. Congress can 
re-enact a canceled provision, 
but teat legislation would be 
subject to tee president's veto. 

The system would give 
any president enormous new 
leverage with Congress. “If 
you vote for ray education 
bill," he might tell a senator, 
“I won’t veto out your sports 
museum in Podunk City.” 

Judge Jackson said the item 
veto as it works in this act 
would give tee president tee 
power to “unilaterally repeal 
statutory law.” That, he 
found, conflicted with tee pro- 
cess laid down in the U.S. 
Constitution: Congress passes 
laws, which are presented to 
tee president fra his approval 
or disapproval as a whole. 

The Clinton administration 
and lawyers for tee House and 
Senate defended the new law 
as an example of Congress 
delegating power. It often 
does teat, as when h tells 

By Anthony Lewis 

agencies to make rules im- 
plementing legislation. But no 
past delegation. Judge Jack- 
son said, “has gone so far as to 
transfer the function of repeal- 
ing a provision of statutory 
law.” That “ceded basic le- 
gislative authority.” 

Newt Gingrich put the item 
veto at the top of his wish list 
in the "Contract With Amer- 
ica.” In effect he and other 
Republican leaders persuaded 
Congress that it could not res- 
ist the temptation to spend and 
therefore had to pass the 
buck. ■ 

“Tbe Line Item Veto hands 
off to the president authority 
over fundamental legislative 
choices.” Judge Jackson 
wrote. “Indeed, teat is its rea- 
son for being. It spares Con- 

gress the burden of making 
those vexing choices of which 
programs to preserve and 
which to cur.” 

But why would Congress, 
usually so jealous of its power, 
close its eyes to the inevitable 
loss of power? It was certainly 
warned of the likely con- 
sequences, by among others 
Democratic Senators Robert 
Byrd of West Virginia and 
Daniel Patrick Moynihan of 
New York. 

The answer must He in tbe 
current obsession with balan- 
cing the budget, which no sen- 
sible family or company or 
country makes an obsessive 
rule. The same urge pushes the 
proposed balanced budget 
amendment to tee constitu- 
tion, which would supposedly 
force Congress to act but 
would more likely lead to a 
legal morass. 

Judge Jackson will not have 
the last word, of course. The 

case will go on to tee Supreme 
Court. But it already demon- 
strates tee wisdom of those 
who framed the constitution in 
giving judges the indepen- 
dence to defend it 

In the 78th Federalist Paper, 
Alexander Hamilton said 
judges should be “bulwarks of 
a limited Constitution against 
legislative encroachments.” 
They would give “more de- 
liberate reflection," he said, to 
matters teat in legislative 
chambers might be subject to 
tbepassions of the moment 

Tne item veto case is es- 
pecially interesting because it 
concerns not tee individual 
rights protected by the Bill of 
Rights, such as freedom of 
speech, but tee constitution's 
basic structure. The Framers 
thought that structure itself 
was a protection of freedom. 

The constitutional system 
can often be frustratmgly 
slow. But “tee Framers 
ranked other values higher 
than efficiency,” tee Supreme 
Court said in 1983. “With all 
tbe obvious flaws of delay, un- 
tidiness and potential for ab- 
use, we have not yet found a 
better way to preserve freedom 
than by making the exercise of 
power subject to the carefully 
crafted restraint spelled out in 
the Constitution.” 

Senators Byrd and Moyni- 
han, among others, challenged 
tee Line Item Veto Act in a 
lawsuit Senator Moynihan 
had made a prescient comment 
as it was passed a year ago. “I 
rite," he said to tee Senate, 
“in tee serene confidence that 
this measure is constitution- 
ally doomed. That speaks to 
tbe stability of the American 
political system, a stability 
sustained in so many moments 
of peril by tec judiciary.” 

The New York Tones. 

Ibis can be done by tee Ayatol- 
lah Sayed Ali Khamenei, the 
“Supreme Guide," who has 
already canceled a dozen fatwas 
of the late Ayatollah Khomeini 

• Tehran should allow the 
UN special rapporteur on hu- 
man rights to return to Iran and 
resume amission interrupted by 
the mullahs last year. 

• Tehran should agree to dis- 
cuss compensation to at least 
some of the families of the 60- 
some exiled dissidents assas- 
sinated since Iran’s 1979 Islam- 
ic revolution. 

These demands could be for- 
mulated when the EU foreign 
ministers meet on April 29. 
Europe’s “critical dialogue" 
with Iran could become a two- 
way street, instead of the usual 
one-way road of unilateral con- 
cessions by tbe EU to the mul- 

What if Tehran refuses these 

The EU would then have the 
choice of caving in, as it has done 
before, or imposing sanctions. 

Here are some possible sanc- 

• Germany and France could 
suspend export credit guaran- 
tees fra Iran. 

• financially stricter condi- 
tions could be demanded when 
talks start on rescheduling Ir- 
an’s short-term foreign debts at 4f 
the end of the year. German 
help on two previous occasions 
enabled Tehran to improve its • 
financial position, which, in 
turn, led to a 40 percent increase 

in military spending in the new 

• Speeded-up visa proce- 
dures for Iranians holding “ser- 
vice’ ’ and diplomatic passports 
could be withdrawn. (It takes 
ordinary I ranian citizens six 
months to obtain European 
visas, while people working for 
“revolutionary” foundations 
get theirs tbe same day.) 

• European companies 

should boycott the Tehran In- 
ternational Fair, to be held in 

• All exchanges of political, 
diplomatic and economic visits - 
planned between various El/P 
members and Iran cotddbe can- 
celed or postponed. 

Will the European “aging 
bride” capitulate to the m ullahs 
fra a third time as Mr. Raf- 
sanjani predicts? 

The writer, an Iranian jour- 
nalist and author abroad, con- 
tributed this comment to the In- 
ternational Herald Tribune. 


1897: Fantastic Story 

PARIS — — Mr. H.G. Wells is 

finishing a fantastic story deal- 
ing with the adventures of a 
man who discovers tee secret of 
making himself invisible. It will 
appear in book form before the 
end of tee year. Mr. Wells ap- 
pears to have taken the fancy of 
the American public, and tee 
publishers on teat side of the 
Atlantic are taking a keen in- 
terest in his arrangements for 
future work. A new story bv 
him. The War of the Worlds • 
commences in this month’s 
Cosmopolis , which is, by the 
way. a veiy good number. 

States cannot balance their 
budgets unless “there is a bal- 
ance of payments.” If such an 
amendment is adopted, the Ger- 
man go vernment can tell tee 
Repar ation Commission tear alt 
Europe is opposed to a policy 
suets as its present rate, namely 
of forcing Germany to halnnr^ 
her budget while the reparation 
program remains as it • 

1922: German Scheme 

GENOA — Germany man- 
oeuvred herself into a position 

SL 3 £ an,age 5 ** sessfc® of 
the Finance Committee when 
amendments were introduced 
mi record as admitting that weak 

1947: De Gaulle’s Party 

— General Charles de 
proclaimed last night 
jApni 14] the organization of 
tee Rassemblement da People 
(Rally of the French 
People) to give the nation \*a 
“Mfirent, onferfy, concentrated 
He declared himse lf to 
be leader of the movement at the 
same time. The general said flat 
me aim of the RPF is “to ran-. . 
mote and m ake, victorious, . , 
above our divisions, the uniooof w 
°ur people in die effixt of renov- 
ation and reform of the state.” • 





Please Notify America: 
The Drug War Is Dead 

% Daniel Lazare 

•Nwl l ve never rhelo 

i™*" . m bat I under- -fiv* 


« s ! J. •; 

> sand thatit will sometime tappa 

- mat a soldier wiU take a bulfetto 

me stomach but will stagger on 
•regardless. Only when be looks 
, down does he realize the damage 
mat s been done. And fhenof 
course, he dies. 

, Something similar seems to be 
t to U.S. drug policy, 

oince last autumn, it has taken no 
fewer than four solid hits to the 
rrudsection. Although no one in 
Washington seems to have no- 

■ ticed yet, the damage is frightful. 
Rather than figuring out how to 

repair die drag war and get it back 
on track, the real question is how 
much longer this w allring corpse 

of a crusade can continue before it 

finally collapses. 

The first blow occurred in 
November when voters in Cali- 
fornia and Arizona approved ref- 
erenda legalizing the use of 
marijuana for medical purposes. 
Ever since, drug-war stalwarts 
have been arguing that medical 
marijuana is a diversion in a cam- 
paign to slip in legalization 
nl through the back door. 

There’s a grain of truth in Ibis. 
Medical marijuana is a small but 

significant step toward a more rea- 
sonable drag policy, a feature of 
which would undoubtedly involve 
marijuana leg alization . 

But the real issue is not 

■ icalization per se so much as die 
government's conduct in this de- 
bate. Washington has blocked re- 
search money and then com- 
. plained that there is no evidence 
that marijuana may be useful in 
treating glaucoma, mitigating die 
ride effects of cancer chemother- 
apy or preventing the “wast- 
ing' ’associated with AIDS. In the 

A end, voters bolted. Fifty-six per- 
cent voted in favor in California, 
-while in Arizona — no one’s idea 
of a liberal bastion — they ap- 

- proved by nearly two to one. 

The second Mow occurred in 
December when the University of 
Michigan released its annual ad- 
olescent drug survey. Among 
eighth graders, it found dot illicit 
drag use has more than doubled 
since 1991- Among 10th graders, it 
has nearly doubled, while among 
high school seniors it has risen 
nearly 50 percent. While no one 
can say for certain what is driving 
drug use, one thing seems clear: 
The government’s overheated anti- 

drag rhetoric is backfi ring badly. 

The third major blow was the 
certification feme, the reverbera- 
tions of winch are still being felt on 
Capitol JHGU. Colombia sprayed 
about 40,000 acres erf coca fields 
lastyea r, while, according to pros- 
ecutors, Mexico’s drug czar. Gen- 
eral Jesus Gutierrez KeboiDo, was 
on the take from drug traffickers. 
But Mexico was rieemftf too eco- 
nomically important to be decer- 
tified as a good-faith partner in the 
war on drags. Therefore, Mexico 
was certified, while Columbia, for 
toe second year in a row, was noL 

In troth, there is no way . that 
Colombia, Mexico or the United 
States, can fig ht this t raffic Rather 
than driving down usagp the drug 
war has turned into the most potent 
device for driving up drag con- 
sumption since British gunboats 
forced Imperial fiii-na to open its 
doors to the opium trade in the 
1840s. Prohibiting drags does not 
dampen demand. Quite the con- 
trary, it glamorizes and eroticizes 
drugs, driving up demand in modi 
the same way Prohibition drove up 
demand in the 1920s for lethal 
concoctions like bathtub gin. The 
result is a multibilh'on-dollar drag 
trade that is far beyond the power 
of financially strapped T*tin 
American governments: 

The fourth blow to American 
drug policy is contained in a fed- 
eral indictment handed up in 
Miami in January, detailing a {dot 
by Russian, Colombian and Cuban 
mobsters to purchase a Soviet sub- 
marine for use in smuggling co- 
caine into the U.S. mainland The 
drug trade is rapidly globalizing as 
traffickers from Latin America, 
the former Soviet Union, South- 
east Asia, Pakistan and who 
knows where else join forces to 
create a marketing operation with 
worldwide reach. 

Officials in Washington should 
be terrified by this. But they are so 
captivated by their own rhetoric 
that they have so for foiled to 
notice. When they do, they will 
realize that the jihad they’ve beat 
fighting all these yearn is dead and 
that reality has emerged victori- 
ous. Perhaps then they can move 
to something a little more cogent 

Thewriter is the author of "The 
Frozen Republic: How the Con- 
stitution is Paralyzing Democra- 
cy,” He contributed this comment 
to the Herald Tribune. 

MeaNWHiie, iN THe TRaiL 
OF THe COMet... 


% •. % * « * ♦ a g 

w * » * . 

» # A 

B* RAESlDE.ii tin- Vinom I British CcJumkia) TmorOilaauL 


Settlements and Peace 

The removal of Israeli settle- 
ments in the most exposed and 
sensitive places — for example, 
Hebron and Gaza — would be 
entirely ip accordance with UN 
Resolution 242 and the principle 
of land for peace. The settlements 
cannot be sard to contribute to the 
seewity of Israel; in fact, they are 
a liability. The quid pro quo 
should be an international guar- 
antee of permanent access for 
bona fide religious reasons for Is- 
raelis and Jews of the rest of the 
world to such holy places as the 
burial place of Abraham in 
Hebron and the Temple Mount in 
Jerusalem, in parallel with access 
by Christians and Muslims to then- 
holy places. 

A precedent for withdrawing 
settlements exists in S inai , under 
the Camp David agreements. 
There were of course objections 
and protests, but both settlers and 
military institutions were moved. 

I realize that the present gov- 
ernment of Israel depends to some 
extent upon the votes of the re- 
ligious parties in the Knesset I 
trust that this short-term political 

situation will not be allowed to put 
at risk the peace agreement with 
Egypt and Jordan and to make 
impossible a negotiated peace 
with Syria and Lebanon. The EU 
should make access to European 
markets conditional on the observ- 
ance of the Fourth Geneva Con- 
vention and of the human rights 
clauses of the Oslo agreement. 


Bath, England. 

The French ‘Lifeboat" On Multiculturalism 

Regarding “ France on Strike: 
Not for a Better Future, but for a 
Stable Present" (April 4): 

The French are willing to sac- 
rifice for a better future, but most 
don’t see how it can be assured by 
dismantling their social lifeboat in 
the midst of an economic storm 
that has brought unemployment 
levels unseen since the 1 930s. The 
French voted for change, but the 
change they wanted was- more 

Cyclical unemployment, ex- 
acerbated by wrong-headed de- 
votion to a ' ‘strong" franc and to 
arbitrary Maastricht criteria, must 
be brought down before the nec- 

William Pfaff ("School as As- 
similator: France Keeps Trying to 
Make It Work" Opinion, March 
II) writes that "muluculturalism 
is a post- 1960s idea" in the 
United States. 

But German was used as a lan- 
guage of instruction in many Prot- 
estant parochial schools in the 
Midwest until World War 1 and in 
some cases until World War n. 
Similarly, French was used in 
Catholic parochial schools for the 
benefit of French Canadian im- 
migrants in New England until the 

Grenoble, France. 

Noses for News Overdolt 
If They Smell Only Rats 

essary reforms to bring down 
structural unemployment will be 
acceptable. I don’t know what 
France's “natural rate of unem- 
ployment" is, but it's surely much 
lower than the current 12.8 per- 
cent. No matter what the sado- 
monetarists say, there's plenty of 
room for noninflationary expan- 
sion — for more jobs. 


Fontenay -T resigny , France. 

weeks I've had on my desk 
a story that made my blood boil. 

It ran in The Washington Post 
on Jan. 31. Here is the headline: 
“Saying Her Views Haven't 
Changed, First Lady Takes On 
‘Micro* Agenda.” 

Here are the first three para- 
graphs: "First lady Hillary Rod- 
ham Clinton made her second- 


term debut yesterday, declaring 
that her political philosophy 
‘hasn't changed at all,' even as she 
focused on an agenda radically 
scaled down from the one she 
advanced four years ago. 

“Rather than remake the na- 
tion ’s health care system, as she set 
out to do in 1993, Clinton began 
this final half of her husband's 
presidency concentrating on a 
much smaller initiative that she 
hopes can have big results. During 
a pair of White House events yes- 
terday, she promoted a program 
that encourages small loans to the 
tiniest of businesses as a tool to 
alleviate poverty in inner rides and 
depressed rural communities. 

"It's a concept called 'micro- 
credit,' and it's certainly in keeping 
with the administration’s recent 
penchant for micro-policy. Just as 
President Clinton talks about V- 
chips and curfews for teenagers, 
the fust lady too is embracing a 
more incrementalist approach." 

This was The Post's news stray 
about a press conference by Mrs. 
Clinton. She held it to talk abouv 
microcredit programs — loans for 
very small businesses that other- 
wise have a hard time getting cred- 
it. It is a subject that, as the story 
says, Hillary Clinton supported fix- 
years before she came to Wash- 
ington. (It's "an obsession, al- 
most," the story quotes her hus- 
band as saying.) So why this 
elbow-nudge in die headline (taken 
from the story), “Saying Her 
Views Haven’t Changed"? And 
what of this language, “even as she 
focused on an agenda r adicall y 
scaled down”? Or, “rather than 
remake the nation's health care 
system"? Or "certainly in keeping 
with the administration's recent 
penchant for micro-policy"? 

Apparently this story really 
isn’t about Hillary Clinton's in- 
terest in raicroenterprise. Nor is it 
about microenterpnse itself. It 

By Geneva Overholser 
— For doesn’t name 

doesn’t name or describe the pro- 
grams to which she gave awards 
— programs that, the story notes, 
"pioneered the concept” 

Instead, the story appears to be 
about the rat the reporter smells. 
The first lady's interest in this is 
suspect And what a long fall this 
microenterprise thing is from 
health care. And how puny Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton’s policies have 
been of late. I think what mo- 
tivates this “reporter knows bet- 
ter” tone so prevalent in Amer- 
ican political coverage today is a 
conviction held by reporters that 
they have an important respon- 
sibility not to let politicians pull 
the wool over readers' eyes. 

But this story is a perfect ex- 
ample of how, by going too far 
down that road, you leave the read- 
er in the dark. You're so busy 
telling them what not to be taken in 
by that you foil to tell the simple 
story of what went on. 

This "gotcha” tone, applied to 
so benign an event, represents an 
absurdly misplaced zeal. Deter- 
mining what is really going on, 
finding out what manner of cor- 
ruption lurks behind the calm 
facade — this is rate of journa- 
lism’s finest instincts. But not ap- 
plied to this story. This is just not 
where danger to the republic lies. 

It’s not a matter of being fair to 
Hillary Clinton. It's a matter of 
being fair to the reader. I'm pretty 
sure that this is what readers mean 
when they say they don’t like the 
tone of newspapers these days. 
We in the press presuppose mal- 
feasance in the most banal sub- 
jects. And we're quite bipartisan 
about it We do equal-opportunity 
sneering. We ascribe motives aU 
across the political spectrum. 

Ibis story s at on my desk, just 
another example of the misplaced 
“gotcha" urge, not even a par- 
ticularly important stray — until I 
realized that that makes it all the 
more suitable as a reminder. We in 
the press — especially in Wash- 
ington — badly need to remember 
that one of our roost critical duties 
is s niffin g out wrongdoing. We 
should do more of it, digging 
where others are not looking, 
safeguarding the public interest 

But we should remember this 
too: Sometimes we just need to 
tell a simple story. 

The writer is the ombudsman of 
The Washington Post. 

Bankgesellschaft Berlin Results 1996 

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page 10 



Jerusalem Street Battle 

Court Rules in Favor of Sabbath Opening 

By Serge Schmemann 

New fori Times Service 

JERUSALEM — Reviving an issue 
chat led to violent confrontations last 
summer between strictly observant Jews 
and other residents of Jerusalem, tire 
Israeli Supreme Court has ruled that a 
street through a neighborhood of re- 
ligious Jews should remain open on the 
Sabbath until die transport minister finds 
ways to accommodate a handful of non- 
religious residents. 

Though the court's ruling Sunday was 
not final, the increasingly assertive ultra- 
Orthodox population of Jerusalem, 
known in Hebrew as haredim, was certain 
to resume the attempts to block traffic on 
Saturdays along die artery, Bar-flan 
Street. On Sunday night, several dozen 
youths set trash bins aflame and threw 
stones at the police to protest the ruling. 

Closing the street w Jerusalem has 
been a major objective of the three re- 
ligious parties in Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu's coalition, along with 
maintaining exclusive control by Ortho- 
dox Jews over conversions to Judaism. 

The issues are viewed by the haredim 
and by their secular adversaries, in Israel 
and abroad, as crucial tests of strength in 
the struggle over the character of the 
Jewish stale. 

The introduction in Parliament this 
month of a bill that would codify the 
Orthodox monopoly over conversions in 
Israel angered Conservative and Reform 
Jews in the United States. Though their 
conversions in the United Stales would 
still be recognized in Israel, the Amer- 
icans took the bill as an attempt to del- 
eginmize their presence in Israel. 

The fight over Bar-Ban Street is an old 
one. As the ultra-Orthodox population in 
Jerusalem has grown — now consti- 
tuting about 30 percent of die city’s 
413.000 Jews — its leaders have insisted 
that streets running through neighbor- 
hoods largely populated by the haredim 
should be closed on the Sabbath, when 
Orthodox Jews do not drive. 

Bar-Ban, however, is a major artery 
through western Jerusalem, and though 

it runs through a neighborhood pop- 
ulated almost exclusively by strictly ob- 

ulated almost exclusively by strictly ob- 
servant Jews, the authorities tried to 
keep it open. Last summer, Orthodox 
groups stepped up their efforts to close 
the street on Saturdays, leading to sev- 
eral melees with the police. 

The issue also passed back and forth 
between the Supreme Court and Trans- 
port Minister "Yitzhak Levy, a leader of 
the National Religious Party, until Mr. 
Levy announced that the street would be 
closed during Sabbath services, but not 
through the entire Sabbath. 

The order was challenged in the Su- 
preme Court, which issued an injunction 
against any changes until it ruled. The 

ruling announced Sunday did not over- 
turn Mr. Levy's order, but asked that he 
make provisions enabling the few secular 
residents of the street to use their cars. 

Mr. Levy appeared satisfied with the 
ruling, but many haredim view the Su- 
preme Court as antithetical to strict Jew- 
ish law, and resent any decision it makes 
on issues like the Sabbath. With their 
growing power in Parliament, their lead- 
ers have threatened to introduce legis- 
lation that would curb the court’s au- 
thority in matters they believe should be 
resolved according to religious law. 


No Solace in China 

Continued from Page 1 

River, which is far less fortified- A Pres- 
byterian missionary said be had wit- 
nessed cases where Chinese anmonfies 
rniTiwt defectors over to Norfe Korean 

* V" 

them away. Hesaid he watched as North 

‘ Korean agents forced a prisoner to press 
his palms together, ' then drove an min 
spike through his' hands. Hie prisoner 
was then led away by a chain attached to 
the spake, he said. „ _ . ' • 

Those interviewed said China s da-^ 
dsion to help North Korea may bemo^ r 
rivaled far more by self-interest than by 
allegiance to North Korea’s leader, Kim 
Jong n, who has presided over a crum- 
bling economy. . ' ' . 

As the food shortages inside North 
Korea worsen, China is increasingly 
concerned that it may soon have to cope 
with a huge population of starvi ng 
refugees- It has begun building tempor- 
arv .shelters for 100.000 people m Jilin 

ary shelters for 100,000 people in Jilin 
Province, tan it is worried that millions 

could soon be be gg ing on its doorstep. 

' “It’s an awful situation," said a U.S. 
official in Seoul. China is weighing the 

General Yitzhak Mordecbai observing the town of Tulkarm in the Palestinian Authority from an Israeli position. 

DEFENSE: A Popular Israeli General Seeks New Paths to Peace 

Continued from Page 1 

Cholera Cases Won’t Delay 
Airlift for Rwanda Refugees 

The Associated Press 

KISANGANI, Zaire — An airlift 
taking home 100,000 Rwandan 
refugees from the jungles of Zaire 
should begin Late this week despite a 
small outbreak of cholera, aid workers 
said Monday. 

“It's a mild strain of cholera — 

cholera is endemic in the region.” said 
Peter Kessler, spokesman for the UN 
High Commissioner for Refugees in 
Nairobi. “We don’t see this as a road- 
block to repatriation. It shouldn’t 
delay the airlift.” 

A total of ISO cases of cholera and 
nine drathc have been recorded 
among refugees in the recent weeks, 
Mr. Kessler said. 

Children who are orphaned or sep- 
arated from their parents will be among 

the first to be flown 500 kilometers 
(312 miles) from Kisang ani southeast 
to Goma and on to homes, said Stephen 
Lewis of Save the Children. 

“It looks as if the evacuation will 
begin at some point later this week,” 
he said. 

Based on the test run. three planes 

flying two rotations could ferry a total 
of 1,300 refugees a day, according to 
the United Nations. 

The Rwandan Hutu fled to Zaire in 
1994 after extremists among them 
slaughtered at least 500,000 minority 
Tutsi. As Tyrian rebels seeking to 
oust President Mobutu Sese Seko 
have moved west — fighting armed 
Hutu as they went — refugees have 
fled deep into the remote jungles of 
north central Zaire. 

is ter Benjamin Netanyahu's lead in 
blaming the current impasse on what be 
considers to be poor agreements that Mr. 
Rabin signed with the Palestinian leader, 
Yasser Arafat. 

“I am not happy with the Oslo agree- 
ment, but it's the agreement we have,” 
said General Mordecbai, who is retired 
from toe army. “Do you think it's going 
to help me to say, 4 u's bad, it's weak, 
and so on? We have to improve h and 
make it work.” 

To find a solution, he said it was 
necessary to “have immediately a meet- 
ing between the prime minister and 
Chairman Arafat. 

* 'We have to start from the beginning: 
that the Palestinian Authority mil con- 
tinue their mission, their agreement that 
they are fighting against terrorism.” 

He said Israel was committed to ne- 
gotiating in good faith to give a max- 
imum of freedom to Palestinians “but to 
be sure we have all toe national security 
in our hands.” 

Palestinians, he said, should abandon 
violent demonstrations because “they 
can achieve much more by being clever 
and making the Israeli people believe 
more and more that the Palestinian Au- 
thority and the Palestinian people would 
like to have peace with Israel.” 

Genual Mordecbai, who has traded 
his uniform for Italian sports coats, was 
the only general ever to lead all three of 

the army's regional commands. The Ar- 
abic of his early childhood, in Kurdish 
northern Iraq, has helped him establish 
bonds with Palestinian, Egyptian and 
Jordanian interlocutors. He hugs and 
kisses in the Arab style, knows bettor 
than to cross his legs in certain ways and 
comfortably calls Mr. Arafat by bis 
guerrilla nickname of Abu Ammar. 

When Syria moved a division last 
summer to the loot of toe disputed Golan 
Heights, General Mordecbai resisted 
army demands to send armored and 
mechanized reinforcements. 

“People in the army said. ‘You’re 
crazy, we are vulnerable,’ and he said 
‘no,’ ” said an Israeli defense official. 
“He said. ‘If I bring more soldiers, they’ll 
faring more soldiers, and then one soldier 
shoots in the air and we’re started.’ ” 

General Mordecbai is no dove. Re- 
sponding to intelligence estimates that 
make a new Middle East war more likdy 
than before, he has shifted about $1 bil- 
lion in defense spending from long-term 
research and development to rebuilding 
short-term supplies of ammunition, fuel, 
spare parts and other expendables. 

What maifp the Clinton administra- 
tion regard him as “someone we’ve got 
rapport with and someone we’re clearly 
comfortable wo rking with.” as the 
deputy defense secretary, John White, 
said, are his directness and his knack for 
putting out fires. 

When a rogue "soldier shot . up 
Hebron's Palestinian produce market in 

January, General Mordecbai rushed to 
the scene and plunged into the market 
area to talk reassuringly to Arabs. He 
offered his personal helicopter to trans- 
port the wounded. 

The U.S. ambassador to Israel, Martin 
Indyk. has cultivated General Mbrde- 
chai and the Israeli minister has some- 
times finished late-night talks by sleep- 
ing on Mr. Indyk's crach. 

Egypt's government, which has frigid 
relations with Mr. Netanyahu, heaps 
praise on Mr. MordechaL He traded war 
stories last winter with Defense Minister 
Mo hammed Hussein Tantawi, -against 
whom his battalion bad fought directly 
during the 1973 Middle East War. 

Some aides to Mr. Netanyahu say they 
resent General Mordecbai 's image of 
moderation. Egypt, an aide said, is using 

is you can deter bigger numbers by re- 
turning some.” 

A South Korean official said China 
fears aNorth Korean collapse could lead 
co a reunified peninsula in winch the a 
Uni instates is a major influence. South ” 
Korea is a military ally of the United 
grams and 37,000 UJ5. troops currently 
help defend it against North Korea. 
“ China doesn’t want to face an Amer- 
ican military presence across its bor- 
der,” the official said. 

China and North Korea share a long 
border, much of which is covered by 
rugged mountains and traced by toe Yaiu 
River. Missionaries and aid workers said 
the less severe terrain in the western part 
of the banter, near Simnju, and the east 
comm: north of Chongpn make those 
areas easier crossing points. . 

Hundreds of North Koreans are be- 
lieved to have made their way over that - 

border either fay swimming or walking^, 
over the mountains. The flow of 

General Mordecbai to help make Mr. 
Netanyahu look bad- The United States 

Netanyahu look bad- .The United Slates 
likewise tries to “enhance Ins reputation 
by giving him little gifts.” 

According to Labor Party sources, 
Mfr. Netanyahu recently promised the 
Defense Ministry to Labor’s Ehud Barak 
in the event of a “unity government” 
with the Opposition- 
General Mordecbai, when asked 
about that, said, “I am trying, and I think 
I am succeeding, to have a good re- 
lationship with the prime minister.” 

“Maybe there can be a unity gov- 
ernment,”, be added, “but I think I will 
be defense minister as long as I' want to 
be defense minister.” 

over the mountains. The flow of 
refugees has been so great that South 
Korean consulates in Beijing and Hong 
Kong have been swamped with requests 
for asylum- Concern that some of these 
people may be North Korean spies has 
slowed the process of bringing refugees 
to South Korea. 

There is a growing network of South 
Korean sympathizers in Chma who are 

ZAIRE: Waiting for End of Mobutu Era RENO: As Republicans Push, She Resists Call for Special Counsel 

Continued from Page 1 

in time, he said, “as toe father of the 
family, I will stay in the house and die 
with my family.” 

This capital of more than 4 million 
people has become combustible, with 
residents now expecting and demanding 
the changes they have wanted for so 
long, but knowing the price may be high. 
People want Marshal Mobutu’s ouster, 
but they fear that fighting and looting — 
whether sparked by Mr. Kabila’s on- 
slaught, or by the demonstrations 
planned for this week — could be brutal 

Though Mr. Kabila’s forces are hun- 
dreds of kilometers away, his insurgency 
has rocked Marshal Mobutu’s world As 
such, it has created mace for greater 
agitation by the political opposition here 
in the capital to mount toe planned anti- 
government actions. 

How the army will respond is un- 
known, but the threatened crackdown 
could be chilling. Just last week. Mar- 
shal Mobutu prevented Mr. Tshisekedi 
from occupying the office of the prime 
minister, to which he had been legally 
appointed. Mr. Tshisekedi was tear- 
gassed and his supporters beaten and 
shot aL 

Kinshasa is so unstable that people are 
expecting anything, and dire possibil- 
ities are circulating on the “sidewalk 
radio,” Kinshasa^ version of the 

sians. They are moving to toe homes of 
relatives. Some women and children 
who live on military bases with then- 
husbands and fathers are moving to safer 

Kinshasa's military governor went on 
national television Monday to urge 
people to remain calm. 

“An atmosphere of panic, due essen- 
tially to toe situation in the east of our 
country, reigns among Kinshasa's men 
and women,” General Amela Lokima 
said “Fanciful rumors, according to 
which toe city of Kinshasa would soon 
fell to tiie armed rebellion, are gaining 
ground” He said the army was ready to 
defend Kinshasa, adding, “The security 
of our ca ip i i w l is our fundamental duly.” 

All toe while, the quality of life fin- 
many Zairians has grown more bleak. 

Continued from Page 1 

three federal appeals court 
judges to appoint an inde- 
pendent counsel. 

Congressional Republicans 
sera their latest request to Ms. 
Reno after Vice President AI 
Gore acknowledged he had 
made phone calls from his of- 
fice to solicit campaign funds. 
Some deemed that to be a vi- 
olation of federal regulations. 

■ Gingrich Slams Reno 

John E. Yang of The Wash- 
ington Post reported: 

The Republican speaker of 

fee House. Newt Gingrich of 
Georgia. had already 
threatened to call Ms. Reno 
before Congress to explain 
under oath to why she had 
ruled against using an inde- 
pendent counsel to investigate 
the Democratic fund-raising. 

Mr. Gingrich said he had 
no confidence in Ms. Reno as 
attorney general. 

“The evidence mounts 
every day of lawbreaking in 
this administration," Mr. 
Gingrich said in a televised 
interview Sunday. “If she can 
look at the day-after-day rev- 
elations about tins adminis- 

tration and not conclude it’s 
time for an independent coun- 
sel, how can any serious cit- 
izen have any sense of faith in 
her judgment?" 

Senator Orrin Hatch. Re- 
publican of Utah, also pre- 
dicted a backlash against Ms. 
Reno fi»r not appointing a spe- 
cial prosecutor. 

“I think there’s going to be 
a swirl of criticism that’s go- 
ing to be, I think, very much 
justified,” he said. 

A Justice Department 
spokesman, Bert Branden- 

burg, dismissed such talk. 
“Unfortunately, this has be- 

come a battle between law 
andjxriitics,” he said. “The 
Justice Department will ad- 
here to the law.” 

The spokesman added that 
so far, tire prosecutors had not 
said that such a counsel was 
needed. The attorney general 
must ask for an independent 
counsel if there is. specific, 
credible information of crim- 
inal wrongdoing by top ad- 
ministra rion o ffirials, the hw>H 
of a president’s election or re- 
election campaign or anyone 
else whom it would be a con- 
flict of interest for the Justice 
Department to investigate. 

North Koreans, according to mission- 
aries active in the refugee movement 

Many North Korean re f ugees in 
China have stayed dose to the North 
Korean banter area, plowing fields or 
doing other hard labor in exchange for 
food and shelter. One missionary said 
* toe North Koreans have great difficulty 
moving beyond that area because they 
. stand out so Clearly. He said: t&cy have 
“different habits and can sometimes be 
awkward” in their new land. 

MUitery officials say there have been 
increasing reports of unrest and food ri- 
oting inside North Korea’s border region. 
They say a large unit of the North Koran 
milit ary was disbanded and its soldiers 
reassigned recertify because of corruption 
and concern about possible mutiny. - 

Border guards are moved frequently 
to new assignments. Tbe guards are often# 
chosen from distant parts of North Korea 
in an effort to not allow them to develop 
any familiarity or sympathy wife the 
peasants they are ordered to controi. 

In an interview at Pamnunjom, Major 
General Lennart Ronnberg, a Swedish 
member of the UN force that oversees 
the armistice that ended the Korean War, 
said North Korea added an entire brigade 
of soldiers to one border area two weeks 

Their daily preoccupation is the hustle 
for money ro buy food for that day’s 
meat The government bureaucracy and 
infrastructure have crumbled, so the 
state, under Marshal Mobutu, holds little 
importance in the lives of most people. 
Teachers are not paid. Civil servants live 
as paupers. 

Soldiers of the regular army units 
have taken this state of affairs especially 
badly — thus their 1991 and 1993 pil- 
lages. in which they were joined by 
civilians, over poor wages. Only the elite 
units closest to the president have ben- 
efited from the Mobutu system. 

This is the fertile ground for rebellion 
that Mr. Kabila’s armed forces, called 
the Alliance of Democratic Forces for 
the Liberation of the Congo — Mr. Kab- 
ila has said be intends to restore the name 
Congo to the country — as well as the 
unarmed political opposition in the cap- 
ital now are harvesting. 

Deliberations on a resolution of the war 
and Marshal Mobutu's future have been 
under way in recent days in Washington, 
Paris, Brussels and Pretoria — with a 
consensus that a way must be found for 
Marshal Mobutu to step aside. 

One rumor making the rounds is that 
the army is mining fee airport area and 
Idling people to move, said Thomas. A 
couple of street vendors in other parts of 
the city spoke of the rumor that people 
who live near strategic areas are most 

The truth of these rumors cannot be 
verified. But truth here is not toe point. 
Fear is. 

So peopJe are hoarding food. They axe 
spiriting away their valuable posses- 

‘D-Day* for Albania: 
1,200 Troops Are Set 
To Land on Tuesday 

~ V' . 

‘V . 

i ..n 


4 • 

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A Ukr ain ia n riding by the Rivne nuclear plant The debate over the dangers of radiation has flared anew. 


ROME — Nearly 1,200 Reach, 
an and Spanish soldiers are to land in 
Albania by sea and air Tuesday to es- 
tablish two bridgeheads for an Italian- 
led security mission in the country, Itali- 
an officials said Monday. 

*_*D-day is tomorrow," Admir al 
Guido Venturoni, Italy’s chief 

and the overall commander of the eagfat- 
natioa force, said at a news conference. 

Navy ships led by the fialian com- 
mand vessel Vittorio Veneto left from 
the southeastern port of Brindisi tocross 
the Adriatic to the Alb anian port of 

A dmira l. Venturoni said tbe.Dnrres 
landing would involve French; S panish 
and Italian soldiers. He said trotips would 
have the right to use force “to protect 
people from serious criminal acts.” 

About 6,000 troops are to be in AI- . 

hsmio oiftAfi - j A 

Continued from Page 1 

make good on its threats. For now, 
however, foreign diplomats here dismiss 
rebel claims of being as near as 250 
kilometers from Kinshasa, and put the 
most advanced rebel elements in the 
just-captured central Zairian city of 
Kananga, about 800 kilometers east of 
rhg capital. 

As Mr. Tshisekedi and Mr. Kabila’s 
forces use divergent tactics against the 
government, string each other up all the 
time, for many the most immediate ques- 
tion is whether fighting or widespread 
pani c and looting in the capital can be 
avoided. Mr. Kabila’s tactic in almost 
each of his major conquests so far has 
been to d^^bilize cities days or even 

weeks before his forces am ve by spread- 
ing rumors, planting tracts and using 

Kinshasa has a history of devastating 

army riots already, and, with the deeply 
corrupt political class here already on 
edge over the arrival of a score -settling 
revolutionary regime, many fear that 
little more than a spark could set off a 
c onflag ration. 

Continued from Page 1 

Diplomats say that they hope that Mr. 
Kabila realizes this, and will seek to 

Kabila realizes this, and will seek to 
build political bridges to people in Kin- 
shasa and find ways to put the army here 
at ease before he arrives, or before there 
is an explosion. 

“If he is intelligent, he comes in here 
with allies in place — military and ci- 
vilian,” said a Western diplomat who 
spoke oo the condition of anonymity. 
“The last thing you would want is to 
have 10,000 to 15,000 government sol- 
diers all disappearing with their 
weapons, and die old political class try- 
ing to organize them into resistance be- 
cause they are bitter over a lack of 

low-level radiation — the sort found in 
some kinds of medical waste or in the 
natural radon gas found in many homes. 

The issue has broad implications. If 
radiation exposure standards are relaxed, 
by even a small degree, it could result in 
enormous savings far utilities, hospitals 
and other businesses that use radioactive 
materials. U.S. taxpayers could save tril- 
lions of dollars if cleanup standards were 
eased for the dozens of lightly contam- 
inated sites around the country. 

There is no sign that such a change is 
imminent Some long-term epidemiolo- 
gical studies continue to suggest risks 
from even the most minute quantities of 
radiation. But others are challenging the 
conventional wisdom in ways that are 
becoming harder to ignore. Here are a 
few of the recent findings: 

• Tens of thousands of navy shipyard 

workers were exposed to radiation in the 
1960s and 1970s. Yet, in carefully con- 
trolled epidemiological studies by Johns 
Hopkins University, the radiated work- 
ers appear to have suffered no ID effects. 
In fact, they have fewer cancers than 
oonexposed workers. 

• Thousands of soldiers took part in 

nuclear weapons tests in the early years 
of the Cold War. But in a pair or recent 
analyses, researchers found no sign of 
unusual illnesses or higher death rates 
among these “atomic veterans.*' 

• A University of Pittsburgh research- 
er tracked cancer rates in American 
counties with the highest levels of radon, 
toe naturally radioactive gas. His find- 

ing: Lung cancels are lower in toe areas 
where exposure is the hiehesL 

where exposure is toe highest. 

Each case has been met with criticism 
over possible flaws that may have 
skewed the results. 

To help resolve the dispute, a com- 

mittee of the National Academy of Sci- 
ences gathered in Washington recently 
to launch a project to decide whether the 
latest evidence on low-level radiation 
and health should be formally reviewed. 
A similar review is underway at the 
National Council on Radiation Protec- 
tion and Measurements, a congression- 
ally chartered board that helps advise toe 
government on radiation safety. 

Last year, the Health Physics Society, 
a professional association of scientists 
who study the health effects of radiation, 
surprised many when it effectively re^ 
jedied the government’s existing 
g uid e l i ne s as too conservative. 

Others take a more cautious view. 
Some, like Jerry Pnskxn of the Envi- 
ronmental Protection Agency, have ob- 
served that many of toe most vocal ad- 
vocates for chants have their own 
reasons for wanting to see nuclear- ba sed 
technologies succeed. 

. - — — - — v umilis Lumuictcu 

m about three weeks. 

Dunes and the capital, Tirana; are two 
of toe man staging areas for toe force. The 
hnni is the southern port of Vkxe, which 
nas been in rebel handc since an amral 
uprising erupted last month over the cd- 
tapse of fraudulent savings 
Albania’s aimed insurrection has 
maimed nearly 300 lives and left tens of 
thousands of weapons in the hawk of 
cri mina ls and ordinary Albanians who 
raided abandoned state amtories. • 
Admiral Venturoni said sokfierehad 

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KINSHASA: Strike Empties the Capital RADIATE: Can Rays in Small Doses Give Us a Healthy Glow? 

VI" ’ " 

rxuxuuaos wouiunana root 
gons as security was re-established- i ' 

T J^r f0rCe Com P r * se s soldiers from 
Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Turkey, 
Austria, Denmark and Romania. They 
h ave an initial UN manHotg *n gtny for 
three months, but Prime Minister Ro- i •’ 

“S?. has said toatcouldbe # 
attended for a further three months. j 
jjeneral elections are scheduled to’tafcs 
place in Albania by the end.of the June. 

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It S Un-American! New York Contrives to Join the Europack 

By Sazy Menkes 

International Hendd Tribune 

N EW YORK — American fashi on has gone global — 
and in the process it is losing its identity. Where once 
there were sporty, uncontrived user-friendly clothes, 
designers axe now navigating the international world 
" by setting a compass to Europe. That means taking on board 
_ the complexity, and even the angst, of the fashion Hpgjgnw as 
creative artist and abandoning what the veteran designer Bill 
a ; Blass calls, in a perceptive New Yorker article, the “easy 
- ^nonchalance” of quintessentiaLly American style. 

Donna Karan and Calvin Klein, whose shows closed the fall 
~ r collections on Friday, showed the challenging new attitude. 

From le ft: Richard Tyler’s organza ruffled dress ; Calvin Klein 's kip-folded dress : Donna Karan s sheer, 

he fall layered top and low-slung pants, and Isaac Mizrahi's boucle coat, skirt and velvet pants. 

reared with a funnel color and raised-waist belt; flannel tailoring with In other lines — the hip D collection and the sporty DKNY 
turned fly-front fastenings. Basic shapes were given surface interest — Karan offered savvy separates. Yet in the signature col- 
f New with papery, gauzy or felted fabrics that could be worked into lection, a lot of the clothes looked weird. And un-American, 
in die sculpted folds. As witness the patches of transparency deliberately placed to 

r ts, “I was looking at how to break up a shape with color and reveal the nipples. In southern European cultures, bared 
form and at that line between decoration and decorating — it’s breasts are a casual, sensual gesture. In the context of a New 

.' out in sheer and transparent parches (by Karan). Of New with papery, gauzy or felted fabrics that could be worked into 
^York’s big three, only Ralph Lauren, showing earlier in die sculpted folds. 

week, stayed with a simple sportswear aesthetic — pants, “I was looking at how to break up a shape with color and 
^sweaters, jackets and skirts elevated to a luxurious level- form and at that line between decoration and decorating — it’s 
’ Contrived fashion has formerly been a feature of European not about applying things,” said Klein of his modernist style 
or Japanese designers who show in Paris. Klein's show was and its hip, European edge. 

.strong and Karan's weaker, but both elaborated on basic Karan’s collectionshave become less woman-friendly — and 

design and die result often seemed forced. nothing proved that more than outfits that exposed bits of the 

As an intellectual fashion exercise, Klein's collection w as breast through shea- fabrics and outlined hips with baggy pants. 
T superbly executed. He used wool fabrics so luxurious that Women don’t have enough problems without having to decide 
I their surfaces gleamed. With intricate cutting, he wrapped a whether to reveal to the world that they are wearing nipple 
J'Jlap round one leg of a pair of pants, swathed a plain dress into rings? They need clothes that make their backsides look bigger? 

form and at that line between decoration and decorating — it’s 
not about applying things,” said Klein of his modernist style 
and its hip, European edge. 

Karan's collections haw become less woman-friendly — and 

breasts are a casual, sensual gesture. In the context of a New 
York collection, they look like a heavy statement And that 
was the spirit of the collection. 

Is it because Isaac Mizrahi does not have a cast-iron image 

M folds across die hips or looped its hem under. A cap sleeve They want sweaters that give them one frozen shoulder and the 

might be asymmetrically cut wjderfliantiie.otfaer.'I3ns fashion 
.complexity was seeded 15 years. ago when Corame des 

nothing proved that more than outfits that exposed bits of the and a mighty business that he was able to offer up such a bee- 
breast through sheer fabrics and outlined hips with baggy pants, spirited collection thar was a highlight of the fashion week? 
Women don’t have enough problems without having to decide ”1 feel very free — I did just what I wanted to,” said 
whether to reveal to the world that they are wearing nipple Mizrahi of his dashing sportswear, shown in the big open space 
rings? They need clothes that make their backsides look bigger? of a theater auditorium where backstage — models, makeup 
They want sweaters that give them one frozen shodder and the artists, coiffeurs and dressers — was in view on stage. 

Garconsand Yohji Yamamoto first experimented with surface been chemi 

need fo riffle. through tjbeir closets for a strapless bra? They feel 
good about buying a velvet evening gown when half its pile has 

soured and its skirt Is in tatters? 

..effects oh flat-plane clothes. That seam- has-been mined 
' recently by Jil Sander and Ann Demenfemeester. But Klein 

* Of course Karan still makes the easy clothes for energetic 
lives on which she built her image and her business: a precise 

F ROM the pantsuits with shadow patterns flitting 
across a tweed surface, through boucte coats shrugged 
over velvet dresses, this was a parade of easy clothes 
enriched by a judicious choice of tactile fabrics. To 
that straightforward style, Mizrahi added the pepper and salt 
of eccentricity: random-patterned sweaters, long crochet car- 
digans. slender evening dresses with geometric cutouts. There 
were even quirky furs, recycled from flea-market finds and 

made over as a patchwork of contrasting skins or the bodice of Geoffrey Beene's piebald jacket and gloves. 
a Jane Austen bigh-waisted dress. 

The result was light-handed and light-hearted — giving were those already firmly planted during last month's 
Mizrahi a unique place in the fall season as a purveyor of ail- European collections, especially the juggling with gender and 

. made the look his own and it was deftly done. These clothes navy coat worn with narrow pants and softened with a gauzy 
"looked clean, fresh — and cooL sweater; a sleek pantsuit wife a collarless jacket; coats in 

They were also artsy, wife asingle brash stroke marking the velvety cashmere or glove-soft leather. The slouchy, off-the- 
; front of a plain dress or painterly colors like watery peridot shoulder sweaters had a sexy elegance, 
jmeen, Boldini lilac or burnt umber amid the perennial black. “It’s about the ultimate in luxury, total comfort and a 
There were also plainer clothes in simpler colors: a gray coat sensual experience,” said Karan. 

^Getting Bullish 
On the Runway 
-And the Market 

International Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — The ticker- 
tape parade of pin-striped 
pantsuits that marched down 
fall runways was symbolic. 
'American fashion is all about big busi- 
ness and big bucks. 

r “It wasn’t about Wall Street — it was 
"just about doing the right clothes.’ ’ said 
Ralph Lauren, after he had opened his 
show wife a white shirt worn with pin- 
striped pants. The previous day. Polo 
Ralph Lauren, the company he founded 
*£ ,30 years ago selling neckties to Bloom- 
ingdale’s, announced that it was hoping 
“to raise $600 million by going public. 
The sense of occasion brought . 
Lauren’s wife, Ricky, and their three 
"'children to the front row for the present- 
ation in the Madison Avenue showroom. 

■" The company announced $1.1 billion 
'revenues for 1996 on products ranging 
from upscale day and evening wear, 
through preppie polo shirts, housewares 
/and fragrances. Its pretax income was up 
24 percent, to $102.04 mflliou, for the 
nine months to Dec. 28, 1996. - 

' Rather than a pyramid of licensed 
items built beneath a high-end image, as 
. for French couture houses, American 
. designers have a sunburst strategy m 
: which ranges of clothes at varymg pnce 
’ levels radiate from the central designer. 
“It's tike a telephone book,” said 
v : Donna Karan, referring to the listing ;of 
1 ’oroducts that take up three floors of her 

urvi> i duuuua- — - . - 

" floated her company in 1996, but shim 
."then the stock has tumbled. Gaea, by 
I contrast, whose clothes are used as an 

Stella McCartney 
Takes Over at Chloe 

Lauren’s curvy pin-striped pantsuit. 

engine for selling Ingh-profit-tnargtn ac- 
cessories, has seen its profit and the stock 
soar since its public offering in 1995. 

Is there a connection between fashion 
creativity and the stock index — — apart 
from the hoary old fashion legend that 
hemlines rise with the market? 

“When you do $600 milli on business 
it weighs you down — you have to have 
a responsibility to the customer, ” Koran 
claimed before her show last week. 

Lauren's polished but commereia] 
collection suggests that going public 
may mean less risk-taking. As on Wall 


bring down the interest rates. 

Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Stella McCartney, 25, 
dress designer daughter of 
Bealle Paul McCartney, is to 
take over from Karl Lagerfeld as 
designer for Chloe. 

“I am incredibly excited and I can't 
wait to get started,” McCartney said 
Monday, claiming that she would bring 
to Paris a “passion” for vintage detail, 
“feminine things” and for making 
clothes that women want to wear. 

After training at London's celebrated 
St. Martin’s fashion school, and fleeting 
stints with Christian Lacroix and In 
Savile Row, McCartney set up a busi- 
ness 18 months ago in her West London 
studio near the Portobello market. 

“I wanted someone full-time who 
brought youth and creativity — a new 
generation of talent,'' said Mounir Mou- 
farrige, Chloe ’s president Lagerfeld, 
who put Chloe on the map in the 1970s. 
wil] now focus on KL and Chanel. 


in Paris 



8, rue de Sevres, 

Paris 6th 

Tel: 01 42 2218 44 

American style with a modern twist masculine-feminine role playing. That gave mileage to p in- 

Geoffrey Beene did whimsy — and be did it well, using a stripes, gray flannel and black leather, used for tailoring that 
piebald horse as a motif at die collarbone of a sweater or in has firmed up. with a fairly pronounced shoulder line. But 
sequins on feather-light tulle evening dresses. Other quirky instead of a single silhouette, jackets are either shapely or 
touches included pockets like scarlet lips, a patch-like mark on easy-fit pants either wide and cuffed or slender. Miniskirts 
a tweed suit and pierrot collars. are on the rebound and longer skirts in retreat except for 

A lot was familiar in the collection, but that was a reminder coats, which often have a raised waist to balance their long 

of bow much current fa&hioa owes to Beene: his signature 
jumpsuits, loosened up this season with pleats at the front his 
geometric softwear as asymmetrically cutout dresses; his use 
of soft jersey, sharply tailored, and his sense of airy lightness 
for double-faced coats or as a cobweb-fine lacy cardigan. 

New was Beene's long-tine silhouette, given fragility by the 
raised waist, but practical as country tweeds in earthy colors as 
daywear, worn with flat shoes. And those ponies, giving a 
whiff of individuality that is Beene's hallmark. 

American companies just keep growing. After showing his 
couture, Richard Tyler put out another fine collection on the 
New York runway, offering sleek suits, with their usual curvy 

hemlines. Fly-front and collarless coats or jackets are min- 
imalist; dresses (more prevalent than skirts) are asymmet- 
rically seamed. 

Texture is the story with fabrics fluffed up, knitwear ribbed 
or ulna-fine gauge. Evening clothes are stall sheer, but with 
that transparency worked patchily, rather than all over. Tulle 
and stretch georgette are the modernist way with sheer. 

The major influences on the runways are from European 
designers. Dem eu I emeester ’ s low-slung mannish pants and 
slouchy silhouettes are all over. So are Helmut Lang’s sig- 
nature linear tailoring, layering and sequined edging. 

By joining the Europack, designers risk turning their back 

cut moved away from the body, and evening dresses that are on a great tradition. For, as Blass put it: “There is a relaxed, 
glamorous and feminine without ever being frou-frou. unforced quality about the really well-dressed American 

Originality was not on the American agenda. The trends woman.” 



1 The beans in 
retriad beans 

9 Snail 



is City south ot 
is Register 

it Battle ate where 
Ihe Athenians 
routed the 

is Ford Hops 

is Scene of 


Est. 1911, Paris 
“Sank Roo Doe Noo ’ 

A Space for Thought. 

3i Old paper 
3* Gaffers 
29 Friends' 
so Pound part 
S3 Druidic worship 

34 Science shop 

35 In (properly 


as When Browning 
wanted to be in 
37 Montana 

«i Tired of it all 
42 Some nest 
eggs: APbr 
«a Take me as 

45 Hill dwellers 
4» Michael and 

48 Sunday seats 
48 Site of many 

51 PoetTeasdale 
at at. 

52 1781 surrender 

SC Violinist 

ao 1662 Maryland 
battle she 
■4 Obliterates 
u Infant 
as Heat up again 
67 Candidate 
Harold el al. 

1 0pposite of 

2 Gfenetic inits. 

3 Neighbor of 

4 Dream girl in a 
Foster song 

s Where to put 
the cherry ota 

a "The Wizard of 
Oz" actor 
7 Brother ot Jacob 
a Yemen's capital 
9 Role in TVs 

ID Capp and Gump 
it B.&O. at al. 

12 Boot part 
is Add-on 
14 "Treasure 

20 Peacock 

21 Letters on a 
Cardinal's cap 

22 Where Axtrla 
was del Baled, 

23 Religious 

25" the 

25 Obstacle 

27 1S45 island 
dogfight site 
n Couturier initials 

30 Healing fuel 

31 Southwestern 

32 Ancient 
kingdom on the 

35 Criterion: Abbr. 
38 Cries of delight 
38 Exam 

«o Heating fuel 
41 Bock sound 
44 What eds. edit 
4* Oriental 

47 Hafez al-Assad’s 
land: Abbr. 

48 Junes 

SO Actress Winona 
bi Kind of cheese 

53 Okla. neighbor 

54 Carpenter's 

55 Other: Sp. 

56 ’Get 

Ya-Ya's Out!" 
(Stones album) 

©/Vew To/A Times f Edited by BIU Shorts. 

Solution to Puzzle of April 14 

00DE3 nuasa annaa 
Ends nans aaaan 
□see seeks nnsaa 
Bono naa 
□□anon nns □□□ 
HHDBn cuama aana 
□□qq ansa aaaaa 
□qb Etna naaaag 
□urn aasa 
□□□no HaaiD Hiuaa 
ebqqe shbb anaa 

ar Poet's ‘before’ 
58 Turn left 
58 ‘Land of the 

free* Abbr. 

81 Knot 

•2 Raggedy doe 
63 Brit , sports cars 


PAGE 12 





Sense Beyond the Sights 

Educational tours cover everything from an history to aromatherapy. 

T ravel is always 

enriching in one way 
or another, but those 
who don’t have the 
patience to read the entire 
Blue Guide entry to every 
cathedral or museum they 
visit, or who are often left 
with unanswered questions 
about the meaning or origin 
of the sights they see, might 
want to investigate tours 
that have an educational 

Many universities offer 
their alumni guided tours 
with themes like mytholo- 
gy in Greece, art history in 
Florence, etc. A nonprofit 
educational organization 
called Scandinavian 
Seminar, based in Amherst, 
Massachusetts, has a pro- 
gram called En Route that 
offers an unusual range of 
tours and topics. Parti- 
cipants are housed in a vari- 
ety of types of accommoda- 
tions, depending on the site, 
ranging from castles, 
manor houses and hotels to 
mountain cabins and his- 
toric bouses. 

Among En Route's offer- 
ings is a trip called 
“Enchanting Provence,” 
which takes in many sights 
in this lavender-perfumed 
region: the medieval village 

of Tourtour Avignon, once 
home to the Pope; Arles; Sl 
R dmy-de- Provence; 
VaPon-Ia-Romaine; the 
Abbaye of Senanque; the 
2,000-year-old Pont du 
Card; Cezanne's studio; 
Nyons, the olive capital of 
France; the Grand Canyon 
du Verdon; and a stunning 
medieval hilltop village. 
Les Baux-de-Provence. 
Educational presentations 
cover the history, geogra- 
phy, economy, an and local 
traditions of Provence. All 
this can be comfortably 
accomplished in 17 days. 

A more original offering 
is the tour called “Aroma- 
therapy for Women in 
Wales.” Participants stay in 
a historic mansion over- 
looking the River Dwryd 
valley in the Snowdonia 
National Park. Activities 
include learning how to use 
essential oils from plants 
like lavender. Juniper 
berries and sandalwood to 
relieve anxiety, tension, 
depression and muscular 
pain. There are also work- 
shops on facia] and head 
massage as well as basic 
anatomy and physiology. 
Excursions to natural and 
historical sites, musical 
evenings and a demonstra- 

tion of cream- and oint- 
ment-making round out tins 

Other creative tours con- 
ducted by En Route are 
“This Royal Throne of 
Kings,” which traces the 
history of the British 
monarchy; “Room With a 
View," which takes in three 
northern Italian regions; the 
self-explanatory “Historic 
Houses - Glorious 

Gardens,” in Britain and 

France; “Historic Saga 
Tour of Iceland”; “Capitals 
on Top of the World,” 
meaning Copenhagen, Oslo 
and Stockholm; “Hiking in 
Norway”; “Sailing the 
Baltic Archipelago"; 

“Jewish Heritage in 

Poland”; “Body & Soul in 
Buda & Pest”; and 
"Splendor in Prague.” 



team to speak French 

University year - two semesters 
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3-4 week long intensive sessions 
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Excoitiw Education 



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Home Address:. 

Job Title- 

For the silver set 
In association with Elder- 
hostel, Scandinavian Semi- 
nar also conducts programs 
that take Americans over 
the age of 60 on two- or 
three-week study trips in 
Northern Europe. Courses 
cover subjects tike history, 
culture, traditions, environ- 
ment, politics, economics 
and current events. These 
trips are not all work, how- 
ever, there are also field 
trips, excursions, cultural 
activities and meetings with 
local residents. 

Scandinavian Seminar 
also sponsors year- and 
semester-abroad programs 
for college students over 
the age or 18. 

En Route tours are con- 
ducted in English by quali- 
fied educators, and are open 
to everyone. Groups range 
in size from 15 to 30 partic- 

For mote information, 
contact: Scandinavian 

Seminar/En Route, 24 
Dickinson SL, Amherst 
MA 01002, USA Tel.: (1 
800)3169833. Fax:(1413) 
253 5282. Web: http:// 


i i ^ * 

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Bordeaux OuktiBssence teaches smafl gmups every aspect of a p pr eciating French wines. 


;.<r »" ^ 

•: ■h , 

Wine-Tasting in Bordeaux 

Classes offered in English teach the language of French wine. 

F or those who are par- 
tial to the wines of 
Bordeaux, the source 
of some of the world’s 
greatest (and many less 
impressive) vintages, a 
wine-tasting tour of the 
region is a must While 
there, serious tasters might 
want to deepen their experi- 
ence by taking a five-day 
course with wine expert 
Jean-Marc Quarin of 
Bordeaux Quintessence. 

The first day covers the 
basics of tasting: sight, 
smell, taste; techniques and 
vocabulary; and analysis of 
the wine in the mouth, with 
comparative tastings. 

Day two covers the pro- 
duction of the grands vins 
rouges of Bordeaux, with 
an afternoon tasting at a 
M6doc vineyard. On the 
third day, participants are 

whisked off to chateaux in 
Pomerol and Saint- 

On Thursday, students 
are taught the secrets of the 
great dry white Bordeaux, 
which they get to taste sur 
place in the Graves area in 
the afternoon. On Friday, 
the focus is on the sweet 
wines of Bordeaux, with 
visits to two chateaux, 
including the famous 

Chilean d’Yquem (produc- 
er of some of the most valu- 
able wines in the world) in 

Classes for up to 10 per- 
sons will be held in English 
May 12-17, June 9-14, 
Sept. 1 -6 aod Oct 6-1 1 . For 
more information, contact 
Bordeaux Quintessence: 
TeL: (33 5) 56 35 83 93. 
Fax: (33 5) 56 35 86 50. 


Cooking With 
The Masters 
In France 

A sampling of haute cuisine holidays. 





1700 - 1920 

A three-week, foil rime course: 
June 9-27, 1997 

This program is taught in a 
small class environment by 
an exceptional faculty with special 
gallery visits, providing viewings and 
opportunities to understand 
the workings of an 
international auction house. 

To apply, or for further information 
on this or other course offerings, including 
evening programs , please contact: 

Christie's Education 
502 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10022 
Tel: (1) 212-546-1092 
Fax: (1) 212-446-9566 










for foreign 

the year. 

All levels 

47, (V* ties Eceta, 
75005 Parts 

TH: (33 1)40 *22 11 
Fax: {33 1)49 46 32 39 

I f concocting rich, com- 
plex sauces or elaborate 
desserts is your idea of a 
good time, you can use 
your vacation to take a 
cooking course in France, 
where serious chefs go to 
team the an of haute cui- 
sine. Thar doesn’t mean, 
however, that you will have 
to give up the sybaritic 
pleasures every holiday 
should include. 

Michel Guerard is one of 
France’s top chefs (three 
stars in the Machelin 
guide), but his restaurant is 
not the only attraction in 
the southwestern town of 
Eugdnie-les-Bains. He and 
his wife Christine have cre- 
ated a sort of empire there 
that includes four hotels 
and luxury spa. 

Mr. Giterard shares his 

(Les Prds d’Eugdnie-les- 
Bains, 40320 Eugdnie-ies- 
Bains; tel.; 05 58 05 06 07; 
fax 05 58 51 13 59), where 
students team to make his 
famous foie gras and tight- 
as-a-feather sheep’s cheese 
or apple-lime soufflds. 

Four afternoons are spent 
in the kitchen with the mas- 
ter, who specializes in cui- 
sine minceur (low-calorie 
cooking), and two after- 
noons are devoted to wine- 
tasting. Thai leaves the 
mornings free to indulge 
yourself in the thermal 
baths of Eugdnie or in 
beauty treatments at the 
spa, explore the surround- 
ing area, play tennis or just 
lounge arouncf the pool In 
the bucolic setting. 


■» ’ “■ 

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McheJGueranf is one of France 's tap chefs. 


orElroh- -an 



Nouvelle Ecole de Cuisine 

Study and recreation 
Another cooking school io 
the French countryside 

where serious study does 
not rule out relaxation and 
recreation is the Ecole La 
Varenne, 89300 ViUeden; 
teL: (333)86 63 1834; fax: 
(33 3) 86 63 01 33. 

Students live and leam in 
the Cb&teau du Fey in 
Burgundy, where chef 
Anne Wtilan guides them 
through the intricacies of 
haute cuisine. The 

chateau's bedrooms are fur- 
nished with antiques, and 
students have the use of die 
park, swimming pool and 
tennis court 

La Varenne’s weekend 
packages include a chateau 
tour, wine-tastings, visits to, 
markets, dinners in fine 
restaurants and two master 
classes with Ms. WiUazL 

U'll' • 

L : : • 

- • .v,-e* 

. j.r -t eziti. 



Florida (USA), London (UK), 
Strasbourg and Paris (France), 
Heidelberg ( Germany), Madrid (Spain), 
Leysin and Engettterg (Switzerland) 

Associate, Bachelor’s & Master’s degree programs 
International Business Administration, International Hotel 
& Tourism Management, International Relations & Diplomacy, 
Management. Marketing, Art, Computer Studies, Economics, 
Pre-Engineering, PreMcdkinc. Libera) Arts 

pd lff g h im ftab t hmm 
Intensive English, Spanish, German 
Sc French language courses 
■ Courses begin January, June tout September - 

Royal Waterloo House, Dept EHT/4/97 
51-55 Waterloo Road. London SE1 8TX England 
Tel: (0171) 928 8484 Fax: (0171) 620 1226 

Accredited member ACIC5, Washington, DC USA 



:e - SiuT-.r.;.s p:- 

Individual Tuition 


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• Intensive English courses for foreign adults 

• Qualified university graduate teachers 

• Acconunodalion/excui5ions arranged 

• Situated in the heart of London near the Royal Opera House 

• A quarter century’s experience of teaching English to the world. 
TEL: +44 CO) 171 240 2SOT- FAX: +44 (0)171 279 5783 
Principal V. Rato. Ba.BSc (Ecwi), FJJL, MEd, BanKer-t-taw, FRSA 

LOMU’S 1 \> ; i l l. I L 






'tfta tpt-cMA&e 

OftflMctoKS h)tl J 

Thii i( how !he US prc» have 
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prolipous Collt^ni which make up 
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m UzvdAK » 

TTLEPHONE +44»|I1I 314 ||M 
FAX 114 till 

E mail 

“Travel for Knowledge” 
was produced 
in its entirety by die 
Advertising Department 
of the International 
Herald Tribune. 
Writers: Rosanna 
Cirigtiano in Florence. 
Heidi Ellison in Paris. 
Program Director: 

r • 

: Tk ; 

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S. ■ r 

'LLi 1 - . 

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Contact the exports: 



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PAGE 13 


travel for knowledge 

From Jewelry 
To Photography, 

Courses for All 
|Akp Lovers 

V n 

Continuing education programs and auction 


iS “ 

F SJXKJf'Sr *^- BCW sights, s 0 ™^ and smells 
cfiscovered white traveling have the effect of stbu- 

Jmces - A good way to take advait- 
im £i* 5S before they dissipate would 
be to take an art course during a vacation. 

, Art classesarthe Brighton International Summer School 

SL-lgL* Desi J^ a program of tbe University of 
Brighton, allow students to enjoy the beaches and amuse- 
ment parks of this resort town on die south coast of 
Engtend while boning their artistic «kin« 

* The three-week courses cover painting and printmakine; 
graphic design apd book arts; illustration and draw ing- 
tmee-<nnK;nsional design and studio crafts; fashion and 
(etiues history; photography and interactive oanftiinedia; 
and screen and performing arts. Students must be over 18. 
» For more information, contact Lishlra Everett, The 
Brighton International Summer School, University of 
Brighton, Faculty of Art, Design and Humanities, Grand 

The Big Apple beckons 

If the Big Apple, tbe North American ranter of die art 
$rorid, is your destination and art appreciation is your 
inclination, the Bard Graduate Center fen 1 Studies in the 
Decorative Arts (18 West 86th Sl, New York. NY 10024; 
leL: 212 501 3013/3011; fax: 212 502 3097; E-mail: 
programs@bgc.barcLedu) offers specialized courses, sem- 
inars and study days through its continuing education pro- 

» Tbe eclectic course list covers everything from “Hie Art 
Of the Piano” to “Modes and Manners in die 18th 

r- “za 

-5. V- J-i ‘,2*25' w>; 

• - 4 -*7V;o 

Whelher you wMto'crealB art or sbnpfy bam mm about it, numerous courses are ovaBaMefo the wotkTs capitals. 

Century” “Fashionable Accessories” and ‘The Glory of 
Byzantium.” Seminars look at such topics as the home of 
die Russian imperial family and tbe interior design of 
George M. Niedecken (a follower of Frank Lloyd Wright). 
Study days focus on the design industry in New York City, 
modem art jewelry and the work of Georg Jensen, a 
Danish sculptor and silversmith- Included are lectures, 
gallery visits and private viewings. 

Tbe Bar d Graduate Center has its own gallery, which is 
currently showing a two-part exhibition entitled 
“Masterwoiks: Italian Design, 1960-1994” Part I (1960s 
and ’70s) continues through June 29, and Part II (1980s 
and ’90s) will be on view from July 16 to SepL 21 . 

For connotssecirs and collectors 

Also located in New York City, Christie’s (502 Park Ave.. 

New York, NY 10022; tel.: 212 546 1092; fax: 212 446 

9566), the venerable art auction bouse, has an educational 
program that includes an interesting selection of short 
courses and symposiums, collectively called “The 
Portfolio,” for connoisseurs and collectors, whether ama- 
teurs or professionals. Course titles include "The Fine Ait 
of Lacquer,” “Chinese Works of Art The Basics,” “20th- 
Century Photography: Forming a Collection” and “18th 
Century English Rirniture ” 


This year, Christie’s will inaugurate its Decorative Arts 
Summer School in New York. Classes, which begin in 
June, cover American and European decorative arts of the 
18th, 19th and early 20th centuries. 

If London is more your cup of tea than New York, 
Christie’s also offers courses there, as well as in Glasgow, 
Melbourne and Paris. H.E. 

^Florence, an Unusual Way to Learn Italian 

r * , 

Students learn the language of daily discourse through the language of the country's many beloved operas. 

Lasciate ogni speranza voi 

\ “Abandon all hope you 
$rho enter here,” translates 
a dapper man with an 
English accent and a 
Neapolitan face. 


Evidence of a broad chest 
behind an impeccably cut; 
suit might lead tbe newly 
enrolled students in class at 
Florence’s British Institute 
(via Strozzi 2. Florence; 

tel.: 33-55 284-032) to 
think that they are in die 
presence of an opera singer. 
Instead, Professor Matteo 
Sansone is here to teach 
students the Italian lan- 
guage through die study of 
opera librettos. 

“Now, that sentence 
would seem to come from 
the ‘Divine Comedy’ of 
Dante, would it not?” cam- 
jnepts Prrfessdr Sanasne. . 

^Inabeii, t op^v-^ws ; 
from a variety of literary 

Summer Offerings 
For European 

One institute offers incredible bargains. 

catal ogue of the Association des Etats^ G€o6raux des 
Etudraots de 1'Earope. 

Organized by students for students, AEGEE is a non- 
profit association that win offer 14 language courses in 27 
European countries this summer: hi addition, courses on 
diverse subjects, ranging from tbe culture and history of 
Istanbul to horseback riding and the Dutch Golden Age, 
will be held. Prices are kept to. a minimum (around 75 
ECUs, or $65, per week) and include lodging and one 

meal per day. _ TT . 

For more information, contact: Summer Umver-sity 
Coordination Team: AEGEE-Europe, Facoltk di 
Ecoooraia, University di Tor Vfergata. 1 - 00133 Rome, 
inly E-mail: sncr@dd&nL Web: hvspJl wwwaegee .o«^/- 

influences. The composer 
Claudio Monteverdi 
thought fit to use it in his 
‘Orfeo’ when the Greek 
hero Orpheus descends to 
tbe underworld to seek his 
dead bride Eurydice.” 

“Lock,” be says. The stu- 
dents, a mixed bag of 
Americans and British, turn 
their heads collectively in 
the direction of the video 
screen. Tbeywatchtbe tall, 
sturdy young woman who'-, 
personifies Hope take'her 
leave of Orpheus in 11 -syl- 
lable musical- teizets. 

Tkn lectures 

Professor Sansone is trans- 
lating all the while, his eyes 
nearly shut while he listens 
to the aria written in 1607. 

During the . 10-lecture 
course, the small group will 
also absorb not only the 
language of the librettos, 
but also knowledge about 
staging and the evolution of 


Summer courses 
with OPERA 
near the Tuscan coast 


Piazza Strozzi 2 
■ 50123 Firenze, Italy 

Tek +39 55 284031 
. Fax: +39 55 287071 a 

poetry and literature on the 
history of opera over three 
centuries. Professor San- 
sone will guide them 
through opera buffo (comic 
opera), the romantic libret- 
tos of “Lucia di Lammer- 
moor” and “Rigoletto,” and 
the realism of tbe 
“Cavalleria Rusticana.” 

Pncdni by Pavarotti 
The final class is devoted to 
PuCcini’s “La Botetne.” 

The' sound of Pavarotti’s 
voice fills the room. “Che 
gelida maninaT sings 
Rodolfo to Minu, “se la 
lasci riscaldar .” (“Your 
small hand is cold, let me 
warm it.”) The students 
Ipok and listen as Rudolfb 
takes Muni’s hand. 

“Always remember that 
the language of every coun- 
try is directly reflected in its 
music” says Professor 
Sansone, “and that opera is 
literary but not just literary. 

\ •** .> 

o^> Ik 


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Graduates fawsed sad pufiteg te U5 
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Appm 3,0ae Jtaa grads art cst r ea d y in 
rrudmtits or prirate pracncc tit the US. 

TihHuuI US vet sdcol atoafaa 
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Spain, My 1st to 300 
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Tcfc 3+5471 7»58fti:3+S4Z2«^ 

M jeam fiend) ki 

he Seme rirer 

Max. 4 people. 
Personalized progam 

45 miles sou* of Paris 

Tt±: 33 < 0 > TTj 4 - 70 - 8 fr 52 
Fax: 33 CO) 1 60 96 40 62 

Foreign teachers * students have bhoaan 

Grenoble to 1 b«t> French for over 100 years— 

jump Bwaturo & ctofeafi on equesea. 
Irocases in law. Economics & Science. 

CuRutal and TourisSc atWwo^and Sports. 

SaSS!SSft‘B5BSS , -«* B 

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Your M.B.A. in PARIS and the U.S. 

The best from Europe and America 
for your y i od u a te studies in International Management 

NLRJk- Uravwtity k o produoto program of Manogmwn* ersoted 
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and dnnloppnd in aw o riof iof i with I nod b ip U& Umtnrsifias. 

fl t» 16 iwnrtw d mdy 

4 in Pbri», Franc* • 7 to 12 in *a U^. 

October to September or fitonbir 

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from AAC 58 acetadtod tore i icon UnwenHivt. 

• Graduato re t ti fi m to Aram M.BA- lAmenity. 

MJA University / IF AM, 19 nie CM 75015 Paris. 
T«|. : 01 42 73 26 53 — FaxToi 47 83 31 72 

Sports & languages in Switzerland 

German • French • English 

musical but not strictly 
musical.” A student inter- 
prets the experience on a 
more practical level: “The 
words of an opera suddenly 
make sense! What a plea- 

Rosanna Grigliano 



T 6 July lb 20 September 1 997 
f3 sessions) 

y 4-week-course ATS 4,250 
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y Cane and room for 4 weeks 
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Since 1982, IF AM has been preparing its students for tbe 

MBA diploma in the US. IF AM offers a complete business 

program in management taught in English with both an: 

D Undergraduate Program (2 to 3 years in Paris 1 
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□ IF AM is closely associated with Northeastern University, 
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the best of many worlds 

All courses in English • International faculty and students 
American educational system - Practical year-long project 


Numerous Sports Activities 

r in particular Tennis • Water Skiing 
’ * Horseback Riding . 

^ T^Institutf 


V. siocc ISM ^ 

, International School of Uii'.iitcr.'. 


How to Think and Dream 
In a Foreign Language 

“Speak to me only with thine eyes" is fine for lovers, 
but those who want to gel ahead in the global village 
would do better to speak with their tongues - in the 
language of their interlocutors. 

When it is possible, the best way to leant a foreign 
language is through intensive study in a country 
where it is spoken, so that even during leisure activi- 
ties. students must make use of their classroom 
lessons. In the best case (when students really speak 
the language all the time), they end up thinking and 
dreaming in the foreign language. 

Although many people are not pleased about it, 
English is effectively the international language 
today. One of the London schools that specializes in 
teaching English as a second language is Sels 
College] where languages classes are limited to a 
maximum of nine students, with seven tbe average, 
so that individual attention is assured. One-on-one 
classes are also available, as are a combination of 
individual and group classes. 

Sels’ students, all over the age of 18, come from 
countries around the world. The school is centrally 
located near the Royal Opera House in Covent 
Garden, and Sels helps students find nearby lodgings 
with families or in hostels or hotels. Students are 
encouraged to speak English all day, even during cof- 
fee breaks and meals. 

Those who would rather be able to speak Spanish, 
one of the world’s most widely spoken languages 
(after Chinese, English and Hindi), can learn it on- 
site at the Malaca Institute in Mdiaga, a 
Mediterranean port in the heart of Andalusia. 

With 25 years of experience in teaching Castilian 
Spanish, the institute regularly trains institutional and 
embassy staffs. Classes are limited to 10 persons and 
are adapted to the needs of the students, whether they 
are looking for intensive, fast-paced learning or spe- 
cialized commercial courses. 

Students can live in the institute's residence hall, 
where they have access to a bar, restaurant, cinema, 
swimming pool, sun terraces and nearby beaches. 


A variety of long and short team 
programs in culinary arts and 
management in World Famous 
Chef Paul Bocuse's School 


Next 1-Week cooking vacation 

II Palio di Siena 

Conic to the ancient city ot 
Siena in Tuscany tor the only true. 
Palio in Italy. Be part ot 
Medieval horse race in the 
cirv’s main square, and enjoy this 
fascinaliny festival that besjan 
seven hundred years ayo. 

For five days experience Siena's 
unique heritage and celebrations, 
and live this true Palio life. 

, 'L%0-Z. .-?S : ■- -» t; A 

Tl Polio di Siena is’ available 
every Year: June 28 - July 3 and 
August 3 2 - 17. Write or call 
tor a free illustrated brochure to: 

- Cultures Places 
Via del Rialto 34, 53100 Siena, Italy 
Tel (0577) 286-671, 

Fax (0577) 267- 561 
or call Cultures & Places 
in San Francisco 
Tel (415) 7.37-9478 
Fax (415) 737-0570 
Or call vour travel acient 

X CH- 30 00- St- Galien, Phene ...4171 277 52 91 \ Fax ...4171.277 9S 27 -r 277 72 53 


; a 


A Breath of Fresh Air 




TUESDAY, APRIL 15, 1997 

PAGE 15 


A Breath of Fresh Air 

^J.S. Companies Report a Rosy Quarter, but Wall Street’s Jury Is Still Out 

f By Mitchell Martin 

^ /MQ7MtMMa/ HeraU Tribun e 

- NEW YORK — Big American 
..companies had a good first quarter 
^profit reports released Monday showed. 
Vbm it warn t certain that the results 
•jwoald dispel the gloom on Wad Street. 

Genera] Motors Carp, surprised ana- 
lysts w ith ne t income that rose 7$5 
yjwcait from the first quarter of 1996 
riwhen the company suffered from a 
-strike, and Coca-Cola Co. said its profit 
, wm up 38.4 percent as its unit sales of 
; 'soft drinks exceeded the company ’s pre- 
vious estimates. 

After investors digested the earnings, 
the Dow Jodis industrial average rose to 
dose 6021 points higher at 6,451.90. 
GM and Coke are components of the 
index, although GM did not contribute 
the rise. 

At the beginning of the second 
quarter, corporate earnings had been 
expected to replace interest-rate con- 
cerns as the key determinant of stock- 
market sentiment. But several economic 
reports that provided evidence of ac- 
celerating inflation kept speculation 
about the Federal Reserve Board’s in- 
terest-rate policy at the forefront of in- 
vestor concerns, culminating with the 

148-point drop in the Dow on Friday. 

Trade Latimer, a market analyst in 
Charlottesville, Virginia, said that after 
the Friday slide that brought the Dow 
nearly 20 percent below its record close 
of7,085.16 on March 11, “the tone has 
improved a little bit.” 

But rite said most buying was being 
done either by short-term traders or fay 
investors taking a very long-term view. 
While she said there had been a little 
“nibbling” by investors seeking stocks 
that had become good values after recent 
declines, increases were more likely to 
be a “bounce’' than a resumption of the 
bull market of 1995 and 1996. 

One reason that resilient earnings had 
only a limited effect on the stock market 
Monday was “the earnings surprise 
game.” according to Mitch Zacks, as- 
sistant vice president of Zacks Invest- 
ment Research Inc. in Chicago. Zacks is 
one of the companies that collects ana - 
lysis’ earnings estimates and produces 
consensus forecasts. 

Investors often value companies 
based upon how much they are expected 
to earn, and profit reports that vary from 
the consensus estimates can cause stock 
prices to move sharply as the market 
readjusts its outlook. 

But, Mr. Zacks said, companies have 

taken to indicating that their earnings 
will be slightly weaker than they ac- 
tually expect them to be. If these con- 
servative estimates find their way into 
the consensus forecasts, then when the 
companies report slightly better earn- 
ings than had been expected, their 
stocks rise. 

Thus, Mr. Zacks said, “the expec- 
tation of surprise is being built into the 

This has led to what are being called 
* ‘whisper estimates, ” in which analysts 
forecast above-consensus earnings, 
based bn what they portray as more 
reliable information than that available 

to their competitors. Shares in Intel 
Corp.. which was to announce earnings 
after the market closed Monday, have 
been especially susceptible to variations 
between the consensus forecast and oth- 
er reports. 

Zacks’ s consensus for Intel's first- 
quarter earnings was $2.05 a share on 
continuing operations, but numbers as 
high as 52.20 were being mentioned by 
analysts Monday. Either number would 
be a significant rise from $1.02 a per 
share a year ago, but Intel has been 
volatile m recent days as speculation 

See PROFIT, Page 16 

; This Bud’s Not for View: 
A Beery Battle in France 

■■ -j Brewer’s World Cup Ads Are Blocked by Law 

By Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — The French Hte to tease 
Americans about their distaste for such 
poisons as cigarette smoke and butter 
— both common fare here. But in a 
dispute over beer advertising now 

1998 World Cup, a sporting event 
whose month of playoffs is expected to 
be watched by a cumulative 37 billion 
television viewers, twice as many as 
the Atlanta Olympics. Sponsors whose 
ads are affixed oo placards around die 
field will receive invaluable publicity 
for their products. 

So thought die brewer Anheuser- 
Busch Cos. of St Louis, Missouri, when 
it signed up to be one of 12 Corporate 
sponsors. But French Law, it turns out, 
prohibits all alcohol and tobacco ad- 
vertising. That means no signs an the 
field for Budweiser, and it meara a lag 
brouhaha with the French government. 

“We are sensitive to French law,” 
said Tony Ponturo, Anheuser-B usch ’ s 
vice president for corporate media and 
sports marketing, who is in Paris far a 
week of negotiations, “but this mar- 
keting opportunity is so global that to 
not have our boards on die field is a 

huge missed opportunity.” 

The 1991 law has proved to be 
something of a problem for televised 
sports of all kinds. Banning cigarette or 
alcohol advertising when the events 
are in France is one thing. But when 
they are elsewhere in Europe — if, say, 
the Monaco-Italy match is in Milan — 
the ridelines could be plastered with 
ads for those products. To prevent 
French eyes from seeing them, French 
television broadcasters are required to 
try to keep such messages out of cam- 
era range. 

“They will try to avoid the signs, but 
they won’t miss a goal, for instance, if 
die sign is located behind the goal- 
keeper,” said Christophe Knkawka, 
press director for the French World 
Cnp organization. The problem be- 
came so complex with Formula One 
race car compkrtioos, typically chock- 
full of cigarette and other ads, that a 
1993 amendment granted an exception 
for “mechanical sports” in foreign 
countries. But in all other respects, a 
spokeswoman for the Health Ministry 
said, “the law is very clear.*'’ 

Anbeoser-Busch was aware of die 
law when it signed on as a sponsor in 
1995, about four years after the le- 
gislation became effective. Whether 

See BUD, Pagel6 

Anheuser-Busch Export Beer Sales 

in mHlons of barrels, total worldwide sales 
below in bold 






ii> * 

v - A 




• , : ' P 
./c. k-r\ 

■ 5 : ^ 

.' ^ •• 

* i Ar iV; 

++ v :: 

■i • 


• ■Of t. 










U.S. Beer Exports in 1 996 in millons of gallons* (1996 total: 156m). 

Japan 30.7 

Brazil 19.2 

Hong Kong 18.1 

Taiwan 1 — 14.7 

Canada 13 A 

Paraguay - 9.1 

U.K. 7 A 

Russia 6.6 

Mexico 5.1 

Latvia 45 

Ireland 2JJ6 

Panama 2.7 

Argentina 1.7 

South Korea 1.18 

Switzerland 1.17 

Bahamas 1.0 

Germany 0.87 

UAE 0.87 

Belgium 0.7 

Greece 0.7 

Netherlands 0.4 

Sweden 0.3 

France ..... 0.27 

• r geOen equate 3M Ova 

World Bank Considers 
Doubling Loans to Russia 

Cosh Would Be Aimed at Wages and Pensions 

Source: The Boer Institute; Ftenshman-HlBard 

Intonational Herald Tribune 

Coopted by Che Scoff Fma P u p u g A f J 

MOSCOW — The World Bank may 
almost double its lending to Russia in 
die next two years with new loans total- 
ing $6 billion, much of it to resolve the 
country's wage and pension crisis, the 
bank’s president, James Wolfensohn, 
said Monday. 

Russia is the sixth-largest shareholder 
in the World Bank and its third -largest 
debtor, with $6.4 billion of loans since 
June 1992. Mr. Wolfensohn’s an- 
nouncement came at the end of his third 
trip to Russia as World Bank president. 

The new lending to Russia would 
consist of $2 billion annually to help 
reduce wage and pension arrears and a 
further $1 billion a year for investment 
in such areas as housing, health care and 

In March, the State Statistics Com- 
mittee said unpaid wages and salaries 
totaled more than 50 trillion rubles 
($8.72 billion). 

Russia's gross domestic product 
grew 0.2 percent in the first quarter, and 
consumer-price inflation in March 
slowed to 16.7 percent annually, ac- 
cording to newly released data from the 
statistics bureau. 

Officials point to such figures as ev- 
idence of a turnaround in the Russian 
economy, which has shrunk every year 
since 1989. But Yuri Yurkov, chairman 
of the State Statistics Committee, said 

the figures should not be interpreted as 
showing economic growth bur as in- 
dications that die economy was no 
longer contracting. 

Russia's unemployment rate rose to 
9.6 percent in March, according to of- 
ficial figures, but actual unemployment 
is believed to be considerably higher. 

Mr. Wolfensohn stressed that any ad- 
ditional aid would be approved only if 
the Russian government made substan- 
tial progress toward economic reforms. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 

■ EBRD ‘Graduation* Isn’t Near • 

The president of the European Bank 
for Reconstruction and Development 
said that while some countries that had 
received Joans were relying less on the 
bank's funding, none was yet ready to 
cut the tie, Bloomberg News reported 
from London. 

“Graduation is not imminent for any 
country,” Jacques de Larosiere said at 
the opening session of the bank's annual 
meeting at London’s Guildhall. He said 
some of the more advanced countries, 
such as Poland and Hungary, bad shown 
that they no longer needed the bank's 
help in certain “market segments.” 

The bank, which was set up six years 
ago to assist the transition firom com- 
mand to free-market economies in the 
former Soviet bloc, encourages private- 
sector investment in the region. 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

European Business Tries to Do Better 


By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribune 

it be that Europe is finally 
beginning to restructure 
its business and industry 
to cope with global competition — a 
decade or more behind the United 
States? There are increasing signs that 
it may be. 

A recent rash of high-profile mer- 
gers, takeover bids and plant closures 
could be only a foretaste of what lies 
whfgiri — especially if the planned single 
currency is introduced in much of the 
European Union’s commercial heart- 
land less than two years from now. 

A men can-style restructuring has 
gone furthest in Britain. But on the 
Continent, too, companies have started 
to merge into larger units, trim man- 
agement and concentrate on die activ- 
ities they do best. 

The popular image of a so aring 
America eclipsing a waning Europe 
was always exaggerated. Europe has 
world-class companies, for instance, in 
autos, food, oil, chemicals, pharma- 
ceuticals, banking and insurance. 

But restructuring in Europe has been 
more cautious and less visible than in 
the United Stales. Much of the re- 
organization undertaken by large 
European companies has been internal, 
escaping general notice. 

The more ostentatious attempts 7— 
like Renault’s recent controversial 
plan to close a plant in Belgium and 

Kioto Hoesch AG’s failed takeover 
hid for Tbyssen AG in Germany — 
illustrate the difficulties Europe faces 
in consolidating its industry. 

Europe certainly still has far to go in 
many ways to match the drive of the 
United States and emerging countries 
in Aria. Labor unions, governments 
and the European Commission did their 
best to thwart Renault in Bekjum, and 
Krupp faded to overcome Germany’s 
traditional dislike of hostile takeovers. 

But the other, less obvious message 
of Renault’s Belgian debacle is that the 
Enropean auto industry is finally trying 
to grapple with overcapacity. And al- 
though Krupp’s bid forThyssen failed, 
the two companies did agree to merge 
their steel interests in a much-needed 

Across the Continent, government 
telecommunications monopolies are 
beguming to shake themselves free of 

ing better use of technology and in- 
creasing productivity — one factor 
contributing to high unemployment. 

That is Europe’s real problem: Its 
efforts to restructure are not creating 
jobs. Europe, for instance, lags badly in 
information and communications tech- 
nology, which generates many of the 
best new jobs in America. 

The move of European workers 
from manufacturing to services is still 
too slow, especially in Germany, and 
some service sectors, such as airlines, 
telecommunications and finance, are 
'‘crying out for rationalization,” ac- 

cording to Mark Howdlc of UBS Ltd. 

Some restructuring readies across 
borders. Eke the merger planned by 
France’s Lyonnaise des Eaux SA and 
Compagme de SuezSA, which includes 
Belgian interests. But most mergers are 
still inside nat ional boundaries. 

France is fostering economic nation- 
alism and inefficiency by rejecting a 
bid from Britain’ s General Electric Co. 
for the French defense company Tbotn- 
saurCSF. Nationalism helped fuel the 
outcry against Renault in Belgium. 

Although competition, especially 
from Japan, sparked America’s re- 
structuring, European companies are 
still too often shielded by protectionist 
regulations and practices. 

Business confidence is sapped by 
uncertainty over the future of European ' 
unity, and although the European Un- 
ion’s single market has helped tear 
down barriers to the movement of 
people and goods, many still remain. 

A single currency should intensify 
intra-European competition, training 

performers. The currency’s launch, 
says John Llewellyn of Lehman Broth- 
ers in London, can be expected to her- 
ald a new wave of European invest- 
ment and rationalization. 

Europe is unlikely ever to react with 
the speed of America — its culture and 
its people’s expectations are different 
Bat if they want to {day in the global 
league, Europeans should curb then- 
nationalistic instincts and step up the 
current, halting pace of change. 


-Cross Rates 

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PAGE 16 




PROFIT: Rosy Quarter for U.S. Firms 


+ io„ ;i- 1 

USA Waste to Buy a Competitor c—-*-? 1 ?... gasESS 1 


^ *N D J F M ‘ A -1 ■: 110 r N : 0 j F M A 1 

1997 ; 1996 

;» .WvSfti 

msg'y ■■ The’aewt +*•." r,, 

ftfBE C >;= Ls&f> '&*'•£', ■" 

tggg*/? J.edmpdsge^ r .=,^rt.4a'-' ;=3 68^-V "froSiff 

Btej^.Ctty, potea.,- 
I B^wofriWras Matva* : 

Bloomberg News 

HOUSTON — USA Waste Ser- 
vices Inc. said Monday it had 
agreed to buy United Waste Sys- 
tems Inc. for SI.7 billion in stock, 
solidifying its position as the third- 
largest waste hauler in the United 
States with yet another acquisition. 

The transaction, designed to be 
tax-free, would create a company 
that operates 155 landfills and 270 
garbage-collection companies 
serving 3 million customers in the 
United States, Canada, Mexico 
and Puerto Rico. 

Shareholders of United Waste, 
the sixth -largest U.S. waste com- 
pany, would receive 1.075 shares 
of USA Waste, with a value of 
$37.89 based on Friday’s closing 
price, for each of their shares. 

“It’s just a modest premium” to 
United Waste's average price of 
$37.42 a share over die past three 

months, said Michael Hoffman, an 
analyst with CS Fust Boston. 

United Waste's shares were 
down $4.75 at $32,875 in late trad- 
ing, while USA Waste shares were 
at S31.875, down $3375. 

USA Waste said the purchase 
would immediately add to its earn- 
ings. Like USA Waste, United has 
grown through a rapid series of 
acquisitions and intends to com- 
plete more. 

United Waste bought more than 
30 companies last year, adding op- 
erations in Arizona, California, 
Colorado and the Northeast. 
United Waste has targeted small 
and medium-sized markets with 
revenue of $20 million to $50 mil- 
lion a year, Mr. Hoffman said, 
while USA Waste has focused on 
big cities. 

USA Waste had about $1 . 13 bil- 
lion in revenue last year, while 

United Waste reported $335.7 mo- 
tion in sales. 

The industry leader. WMX 
Technologies Inc., had $9.1 billion 
in sales in 1996, followed by 
Browning-Ferris Industries Inc. 
with $5.78 billion. 

about the earnings has intensified, continual 

Its shares fefifiom a S145 close on and production effictenaes. Mr. 

its snares icu flora a rr-'v r " ; A 

April 4:0 310^ $131 in lac trad- S—^, s ^ ^ 

mg Monday. h transferred some assets 

Patriot American Hospitality 

“ffiS'many of the results re- ctori as 
potted Monday were good, there 

were troubling aspects to some of Schweppes roca-Cola owns 

SEfwfrf cSSfa Enter- 

Inc. said it had agreed to acquire 
Wyndham Hotel Core, and 1 1 ho- 

tbe reports. General Motors, tor ex- f ^nca-Cb la Enter- 

automotive operations, to $94 mil- ^mrirc 

lion from $285 million a year earb- US. slUtAJ _ ■; 

Wyudham Hotel Corp- and 1 f ho- 
tels managed by Wyndham for 
Sl.l billion in cash, stock and as- 
sumed debt, Bloomberg reported 
from Dallas. 

To pay for the purchases. Patriot 
said it expected to receive $1.4 
billion in loans and a credit line 
from a group of lenders. 

The agreement would add 
Wyndham's hotel-management 
contracts and upscale hotel brand to 
Patriot's string of upscale hotels. 

automotive operations, to $94 mil- «mnrc 

lion from $285 million a year earb- Ua. MuUa ■; 

er. Jack Smith, the GM chairman, ■ . ■. 

attributed the drop to reduced sales atari « “ *' 

aimmnca ine arop to reouww r 

-s^—*”*”*-* “sasaw-sj. 


... --«■*!• 

incennves to car uuyera, wmeu . .. - 

ically include such items asjow-cost share, a year^rfjgr. Sales 
financing or rebates, rose to $622 $4.14 billioa from $4-22 billion, but 
uuanwns ™ >«««,_ worldwide unit case volume grew 9 

per vehicle from $443 a year ago. worldwide unit case volim»grewV 
The results exclude a $55 million percent and shipments of concen- 
after-tax gain from settlement of trates and syrups rose 7 percent on a 
GM’s industrial-espionage com- volume basts, both exceeding me 

. ,-H An rwmnanv'c MtlTtlflteS. COItC SteU. _ 

pla int against Volkswagen AG. 
Overall, General Motors earned a 

qa L:n: M nf\ 

company’s estimates. Coke said. . 
Case sales rose 11 percent in 

n I a m XTnrfL 

[ Caracas ; . .,Cap^GeraraJ ; 80*88 

Source: Bloomberg. Rooters tatmawn) j 

lutmtaora! Herald Tnbuoe 

Interest-Rate Prospects Buoy Dollar 

vyverau, ucnerai a , _ — r . XT 

net $1.80 billion, or $230 a share, in Europe and 8 percent m North 
the quarter, up from $ 1 .02 billion, or America, but the i European results 
rut - _i Z _ (oIm st Arm nf 2 D&TCdlt in CjCT- 

me quaner, up nuui uuuuu. vt “ — — • - — , , 

94 cents a share, ayeareariier. Sales masked a drop of 2 percent m u rer- 
were $42^6 billion, up 7.7 percent, many, Bloomberg News repoitedJt 
GM said its North American op- added that sales rose a less-than- 

,\0 ca :'. 

= r**.# 1 

..j -'.v.* 

H.’, i- J1 

recent pledges to keep interest rates 5.8170 French francs. 

low to spur the economy. 

“The interest-rate differential is 
going to favor die dollar,” Jeremy 

Bloomberg News recent pledges to keep interest rates 

Very briefly: NEW YORK — The dollar mx low to spur the economy^ 

Monday amid expectations that U.S. “The interest-rale differential is 

•Novel ius Systems Inc. shares plunged after the maker of interest rates would rise while Ger- going to favor die dollar,” Jeremy 
semiconductor-making equipment lost a patent-infringement man and Japanese rates would re- ■ ■ m ■■■! ■ ■■■ — i ■■ 

lawsuit thai could threaten 20 percent of its sales. The com- main at record lows. FOREIGN EXCHANGE 

pany’s shares fell $22 to close at $53.25. Such expectations were reinforced 

• CPC International Inc. said first-quarter profit from busi~ ^ lO^Dieter Kuehtocher, a Stretch, a currency economist at Nat- 

erations byl net income of $7( 


• Japan will not publicly apologize to Northwest Airlines for 
criticizing the American carrier’s maintenance record, a 
Transport Ministry official said. Northwest demanded an 
apology after the ministry asked U.S. aviation officials to tell 
Northwest to improve its maintenance. 

• Next el Communications Inc. said the cellular-phone pi- 

The Bundesbank’s poticy-mak- PM. trading, up from 126.12 yen 

mg council is scheduled to meet 

Earlier, Yasuo Matsushita, gov- 
ernor of the Bank of Japan, repeated 

Friday, and at 1.7315 Deutsche 
marks, up from 1.7205 DM. The 
currency was also at 1.4720 Swiss 
francs, up from 1.4610 francs, and at 

->.ol /u rreneb francs, up aom 
5.7890 francs. The pound fell to 
$1.6205 from $1.6275. 

Separately, Economics Minister 
Guenter Rexrodt of Germany said 
the government would have to in- 
troduce extra savings measures to 
ensure that the country pushed its 
deficit down to the limit set for 
joining Europe's planned common 
currency. “There have to be new 
savings measures” for Germany to 
trim its deficit to die 2.9 percent of 
gross domestic product forecast by 
the government this year, Mr. 
Rexrodt said. 

million in die first quarter of 1997, . 
reversing a loss of >279 million in growth in the fourth quarter, 
the first quarter of 1996. Among other companies r 

“GM North American Opera- mg earnings Monday. Goc 
tions ’ Dct income of $764 million in Tire & Robber Co. said its 
the first quarter of 1997 is the best quarter profit was $ 170.4 mill] 
performance for any quarter in more $1.09 cents a share, a 12.3 pi 
th«n Mr smith said, advance from the correspo 

expected 19 percent in China, com- 
pared with 40 percent year-on-year 
growth in the fourth quarter. ^ 
Among other companies repart- 

$1.09 cents a share, a 12J percent 
advance from the corresponding 

ion/ J A* Mtlar 

milli on uum # mirnuu. i/uuvu. 

Worldwide, GM sold 2,185,000 strong dollar and pricing pressure*, 
vehicles, up from 1,958,000 a year but it said its international sales 
earlier. “The unproved results were measured in numbers of tires sold 


f . A - - 

driven primarily by the many new were up 3 .9 percent, compared with 
model s introduced into the market- 33 percent m the United States. 


v*.: >■< 

- . . .1? 

oneer Craig McCaw and his family would exercise options to 
buy $2323 million of Nextel shares and provide $50 million 

buy $2323 million of Nextel shares and provide $50 million 
in financing. The family could eventually own as much as 26 
percent of the wireless communications company. 

• Walgreen Co. said Charles Walgreen 3d. 61, would retire as 
chief executive in January. He wul be replaced by L. Daniel 
Jomdt, 55. who is president Reuurs. Bloomberg. AP 

U.S. Defers Port Penalty 


Weekend Box Office 

T\e Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — “Anaconda" dominated the U.S. box 


WASHINGTON — The United States and Japan have 
made enough progress on port-access talks to defer U.S. 
sanctions until September, the U.S. State Department said 

“We've essentially kicked the can down the road until Sept. 
4" on this issue. Nicholas Bums, a spokesman for the de- 
partment, said. 

The U.S. maritime administrator. Albert Herberger, said 

Monday's 4 P.U. Close 

The lop 300 mo 4 odfw staves, 
up to the dosing on WoB Street 

Lb. La tea a*. 

TO F*» 
Ml 7« 
153 Aik 
n* it 

136 'X 

£ P 

Z70 V. 
OH Zfc 
_l» IJVi 

dbw Sh^Pol- Japan had agreed to approve ^pUcatioos from US carriers 
ai^tte Top^fomraieymato^based on Friday’s ticket 

sales and estimated sales for Saturday and Sunday. in 


1, Anaconda 

(Cafutabto PfcntrEs) 





IThc Saint 



4, Game PoMe Blank 

(H*yuoa ensues) 


5. The DetrilVOwn 

(Columbia Pictures} 

SL3 ntofian 

6. That Old Feeing 



7. JungWJungie 



1 Double Team 

(Columbia Pictures} 

HI maim 

9. Scream 

(Dknmuktn rams} 


10. Return of me Jodi 



system for port transportation business. 

On the issue of competition for loading services in Japan, 
negotiators endorsed an interim agreement providing a frame- 
work for reforming the system by July 31, Mr. Herberger 

He gave no details of the plan, but Mr. Bums said Japanese 
government officials would consult with authorities who 
controlled Japanese ports “to make sure American firms will 
then have adequate access to compete for contracts." 

* i&s. 
2 BBS. 
2 1S«. 


+S {ggg 
♦s ps 


April 14, 1997 

Lotos Of/e Onto t 

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SGS-Thomson Shares 
faU 4% as Profit Skids 

,^9^ ANIA ’ ^ ~ Shares of 
SGS-Thomson Microelectronics 
_]JV slid 4.3 percent Monday after 
■Europe's biggest chipmaker said its 

.v — i uau umnpeaa 

^reater-ihan-expected 48 pei^Tas 
^microchip prices fell. 

The Freach-Italian company said 
-it earned $90.5 million infte first 
m ^?. ths oftbe year, down from 
$175 million a year earlier. 
to closed in Paris at 376 

francs ($64.80), down 16.80, after 
falling as low as 368.10 in early 

M- SGS-Thomson’s chief executive 

Bids on Fokus lighted*sSS^oiMon's Spec 

CarpibdbyOarSt^fnm Dapatcha 

. OSLO — Sparebankgmppen, a 
group of savings banks, laimrtwH a 
bid Monday for Fokus Bank A/S that 
.valued Norway's third-krgest com- 
mercial bank at 4.80 billion kroner 
*.($688 million). 

Fokus Bank said it viewed the bid 

hostile and said it was not con- 
vinced the price was right 

“This is not something we have 
had a chance to discuss," Bjame 
feorgeisen, the managing director of 
^.Fokus, said. “We are skeptical both 
of the bid and of their {dans fix' 
.Fokus." Sparehankgruppen is offer- 
ing 73 kroner for each Fokus share. 
The group bolds 10 percent ofFokus 
-Bank, the biggest stake an investor 
can hold in a Norwegian financial 
company without being obliged to 
bid for die rest 

.* Fokus Bank’s shares closed at 
74 JO kroner, up 6.00. 
fr The Sparebankgruppen bid 
marked the Nordic region's sixth ma- 
jor financial-industry takeover bid in 
live months. Banks in the region are 
scrambling to consolidate in prep- 
aration for international competition 
ahead of die scheduled creation of a 
single European currency in 1999. 

Sparebankgruppen consists of 
four regional banks and 12 local 
banks. The regional banks said they 
planned to divide Fokus’ s regional 
‘Operations among themselves. 

(Bloomberg. Renters) 

officer, Pasquaie fistorio, said he 
was Optimistic that ea rning^ would 
grow in the coming quarters, helped 
by improved orders and stabilizing 
prices. He said second-quarter cam- 
mgs should top those of the first 

“As the quarter came to a close, 
ure saw signs that prices of several 
standard products were stabihzmg 
and in some cases increasing from 
recent low levels.” he said. “Ad- 
ditionally, order rates accelerated 
last month, although overall visib- 
ility, while better than in the fourth 
quarter of 1996, remains mq dryf." 

First-quarter sales fell 8.7 per- 
cent, to $940.5 million from $1.03 
billion a year earlier. The US. dollar 
was on average 1 1 percent stronger 
against the French franc in that 
quarter than it was a year earlier. 

Mr. Pistorio said sales in the 
second quarter were expected to be 
around $1 billion. 

The disappointing earnings high- 
lighted SGS-Thomson's depend- 
ence on the European nuuket, where 
competition drove prices down. 
Earnings also were hurt by the dol- 
lar’s strength against currencies of 
European countries, where SGS- 
Thomson generates 45 percent of 
sales. A higher dollar leads to lower 
Minings when the Company trans- 
lates income into dollars. 

Chip prices fell between 15 and 
20 percent in the first quarter, SGS- 
Thomson said. The drop, the com- 



For Italians, EMU Is a Priority 

PoDs Find Country a Fount of Optimism on Monetary Union 

PAGE 17 

f ^ uuuon a year earner, i fie U.5. doiiar would lose in nafi 

K/IW I Vnitn was an average 1 1 percent stronger That support h 

XJlA/i ijf Ulci/ against the French franc in mat Minis ter Romani 

Ji- ‘ quarter than it was a year earlier. budget measures 

from competition as ft and its rivals 
passed cost savings from more ef- 
ficient production methods on to 
their customers. 

The drop in prices was partly off- 
set by an increare m umt volumes, as 
SGS-Thomson sold a record num- 
ber of chips in the quarter. 

The first-quarter price- decline 
followed a sharp decrease in 1996 as 
a surplus of chips flooded the mar- 
ket Price for memory drips fell 70 
percent last year, SGS-Thomson 
said, while prices for specialty chips 
fell 25 percent. 

Operating profit fell to $113.5 
millio n in the first quarter from 
$220.7 million. 

SGS-Thomson has focused its ef- 
forts on developing high-margin 
specialty chips for the exploding 
market of sophisticated digital con- 
sumer-electronics products, such as 
mobile phones and digital set-top 
boxes for televisions. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 

Bloomberg News 

MILAN — If Europe's single 
currency is launched as planned in 
1999, probably no government will 
have asked its dozens and bad- 
nesses to endure more tax increases 
and spending cots in so short a 
time, for the sake of die currency 
union, than Italy’s. 

Yet polls show that Italians are 
more solidly behind die new cur- 
ieocy, the euro, lhanare residents of 
any other country feat is consid- 
ering adopting ft. That appears to be 
largely because they think they 
have more to gain through finks to 
other European countries than they 
would lose in national identity. 

That support has allowed Prime 
Minister Romano Prodi to force 
budget measures through Parlia- 
ment that- m other circumstances 
might have been impossible. Em- 
powered by that support, Mr. Prodi 
has traveled to every major 
European capital to convince other 
EU leaders that Italy's presence 
will not undermine the stability of 
the common currency. 

Countries wanting to qualify for 
European monetary union must 
get their deficits down to 3 percent 
of gross domestic product tins 

Even Germany and France are 
facing struggles to get their def- 
icits down to that level, but Italy 
has the furthest to go, with last 
year’s deficit being about 6.8 per- 
cent of GDP. 

To hit tiie target, the government 

has crane up with 62 J trillion lire 
($36.8 billion) of spending cuts 
and tax increases for 1997, includ- 
ing a one-time “tax for Europe” 
that w31 take 23 percent of the 
income of middle-class Italians 
who are already among the most 
highly taxed people in Europe. 

“Calling the Eurotax a "tax for 
Europe’ was a clever thing,” said 

*We trust Brussels 
more than Rome . 5 

Beppe Severgnim. an Italian 
columnist who has his own tele- 
vision show about how Italians are 
seen by the rest of (he world. 

“ ‘Under any other name, that tax 
wouldn't have been accepted in 
Italy; and calling it a ’tax for 
Europe’ wouldn’t have worked in 
any other country.” 

According to a survey carried out 
by the polling firm DOXA in Italy 
and by Gallup in other European 
countries late last year, 58 percent 
of Italians said they would be better 
off in 10 or 20 years if monetary 
union took place, while only 8 per- 
cent said they would be worse off. 

In France, 53 percent expected to 
better off axid IS percent worse. Id 
Gennany, only 16 percent foresaw 
an improvement, compared with 31 
percent who feared some sort of 
loss, while in Britain, 20 percent 
saw the euro improving their lives 
and 42 percent predicted they 

would be hurt by it If Italians do not 
fret about being dominated by the 
bureaucrats that tiie popular press in 
other European countries has vil- 
ified, it is because they do not think 
rule from tiie European Union's 
capital in Brussels can be worse 
than their years of mismanagement 
from Rome. 

“We trust Brussels more than 
Rome,” said Mr. Severgnini. 
“Thai says a lot. As much as the 
English or Germans complain 
about their governments, they 
would prefer them to being gov- 
erned from Brussels.” 

■ I talian GDP Shrinks 

Italy’s economy contracted at a 
faster- than-expected pace in the 
fourth quarter as domestic demand 
slowed and investment in plant 
and equipment dried up, 
Bloomberg reprated from Rome. 

Gross domestic product fell 02 
percent in the last quarter of 1996 
from the third quarter, according to 
final statistics from the national 
statistics bureau IstaL Preliminary 
□umbers in February showed a 0. 1 
percent decline. 

Istat officials' forecast for the 
first-quarter GDP number ranged 
from a decline of 0.1 percent to 
growth of 0.1 pe r c e nt, compared 
with a year earlier. 

Italy's total 1996 economic 
growth was 0.7 percent, down 
mom a preliminary estimate of 0.8 






3000 — 

2600— K’-i 

London 11 

Paris.: " 


1996 1997 

N D J F M A 
1996 1997 

-.2700-- — jk-. 
Lr ' 2550 -f**-' 

2400- -f — : 

— 2250 A/* -■ 

fT 2100'=, ■ r* ■ e‘ X 1 

N D J F M A- 
1996 1997. 



Amstedam AEX 
Brussels BEfc-gQ- •••••■-• ‘ 
Frankfort, ; -SAX ; 

Copenhagen Stock Mortet - 

jjagl :• . 72438 . .~U3 
203834 2,114.52 -0,88 
, 3,340.05.. -1-8Q 
52336 537.47 -132 

2.766.42 £811-63 — f .61 

585.98 .. :.S88j87. . -0.48 
4,251.70 4,270,7$ „ 

478A4 475.48 ‘-*41.21 

12£5&00 12079 - ,-&09 
2^66.13 2.57456 >033 
2.77487 2JBAQSQ -1:38. 
jjjjjjjj 3,163.95 40.04 
%90638 £917.85 -&38 

Imenumnut Herald Tnbtmc 

Skanska to Sell $1.3 Billion Sandvik Stake 

Ct**OeibrOw^Fitmi Ddpm ok* 

STOCKHOLM — Skanska AB, a construction con- 
cern, said Monday it was selling its entire stake in 
Sandvik AB, an indnstrial toolmaker. The stake has a 
market value of about 10 billion kronor (SI 30 billion). 

About 4 Hill inn kronor of the shares will be bought 
back by Sandvik, and Industrivarden AB will buy 22 
million shares for 4.1 billion kronor. The remaining 
shares will be sold to Deutsche Morgan Grenfell, which 
will sell them to the Swedish public and to institutional 

Skanska is tiie biggest shareholder in Sandvik, with 
20 percent of its capital and a 25 percent voting stake. 

“Since tiie autumn of 1993, when the Skanska group 
began tiie process of focusing on its core operations, it 
has made clear to the market its intentions to divest tiie 
holding in Sandvik,” Skanska said. 

The sale came as Percy Bamevik is leaving 
Skanska’ s chairmanship to head Investor AB, the in- 
vestment company controlled by Sweden's Wallenberg 
family, which is reorganizing the leadership of its 
business empire. 

“Bamevik is chairman of Sandvik with links with 
that company since 1969, and be wanted to make sure it 
had a new long-term owner,” an analyst said. 

Skanska’s Class B shares rose 6 kronor to close at 
330, while Sandvik fell 630 to 187. 

S kanska said the sale of its Sandvik stake would give 
■ the company a capital gain of 9.1 billion kronor. The 
company did not say how it would use the funds. 

The company also said Claes Bjork would come 
home from the United States to succeed Melker 
Schorling, the current chief executive who is to become 
chairman. (Bloomberg. Reuters. AFP ) 

Q&to . -QBJC 585198 .. -.58687. . , -0.48. 

London : . --.CTB&W ';••• : • • A25U78..- 427078 .. #44 
Madrid ; , SlodfExchange , 47344 475.48 v •^•51 

' •• 12*KM» 12079 - 

ParisF CAC4Q ■ ■ ■ 2JSS6.i3 2^7456 J -03? 

Stockholm ; , 16 ~ ' 2.77487 2.610.90. -1^8. 

jjgjjjja ; ATX . . 1.16440 >,16695 -+Q.Q4 

Zurich , “ ' SPt • ^90688 2317.85 -&38 

Source: T&tekUfS illtcnuJiPOjl HtialdTribane 

Very briefly: 

• British Telecommunications PLC formed a strategic al- 
liance with MCI Communications Corp. and Portugal 
Telecom SA to help secure a strong position in rapidly 
growing markets in Portugal and Latin America. 

• Israel’s parliamentary Finance Committee approved the sale 
of 25 percent of Bezeq Ltd- a state-owned telephone firm. 

• Olivetti SpA is renegotiating its contract with Bell Atlantic 
Corp. after France Telecom SA’s acquisition of a49 percent 
stake in their joint venture, Infostrada SpA, this month. 

• Banco Espanol de Credito SA’s net profit rose 1 7 percent in 
the first quarter, to 8.16 billion pesetas ($56.1 million), helped 
by a surge in profit from commissions and consumer lending. 

• Renault’s Viivoorde assembly plant in Belgium reopened 
after a six-week strike by workers protesting the French 
carmaker's decision to close the plant 

• The European Union’s unemployment rate stood at 10.8 

percent of the work force in February, for the fourth con- 
secutive month. Return. Bloomberg. AFP 

Berlin Bank to Cut 1,400 Jobs 

tjwnpilrd by Oir Staff Frr*n Ckspt»Jia 

BERLIN — Bank gesellsch aft Berlin AG is planning to cut 
about 1,400 jobs companywide. or 10 percent of its work 
force, by the end of 1998. the bank’s chairman. Wolfgang 
Rupf, said Monday. 

Speaking at the bank’s annual conference, Mr. Rupf said 
that there would be no direct layoffs and that the reductions 
would be achieved through attrition. 

Without providing details, Mr. Rupf said the bank’s first- 
quarter operating profit rose by more than 10 percent and that 
it expected earnings to “stabilize' * in 1 997 as it cut costs and 
reorganized. ^ {AFX. Bloomberg) 

i§ S. 
j£ is 

i 5 





PAGE 19 

San Miguel's Big Swap Revisited 

Some Now Say Its Amatil Acquisition May Be Slow to Pay Off 

Bloomberg News 

- Investors m San Miguel 
U»p. might find returns from the Phil- 
[PPmes largest food and drinks maker 
hard to swallow in the next three years 

That s bow tong analysts now say it 
may take for earnings from its newly 
acquned 25 percent stake in Aus- 
tralia s Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd. to sur- 
pass me profit from Coca-Cola Bot- 

- Hers Philippines Inc. 

Under a $2.7 billion stock swap that 
some analysts said at the time would 
help San Miguel, the company agreed 
“P its 70 percent stake in 
Coke Philippines, its biggest income- 
generating asset, for the holding in 

Coca-Cola Amatil, Coke's bottler in 1 7 

countries. Whether San Miguel’s 
shareholders, who meet Tuesday, will 
see the wisdom of its purchase, part of 
the company’s push to expand over- 
seas, is a big question. 

‘ ‘The deal taken at face value would 
really scare investors, considering that 
San Miguel is parting with the crown 
jewel at a very ridiculous price with no 
earnings enhancement in the near 
term,” Alex Pomento, senior corpo- 
rate analyst at ING Barings Securities 
Philippines Inc., said in a report. “It's 
like watching a horror movie.” 

In the four days alter the swap was 
announced, San Miguel’s Class B 
shares, which foreigners can own, 
tumbled 17.5 percent to a five-month 
low of 75.50 pesos ($2.86). The stock 
has since recovered part of its loss, 
closing at 8030 Monday, down 030. 

With an almost 20 percent operating 

roatgin. Coke Philippines is one of the 
two most profitable Coke bottlers in 
toe world; It accounted for more than 
one-quarter of San Miguel’s 85 billion 
pesos in revenue last year and nearly 
twojfifths of its 5.26 billion pesos in 
net income. 

Coke Philippines had been expected 
to be the backbone of San Miguel’s 
earnings until its international oper- 

I Going Flat? 

< ■ -ms wpsz 

Soorar SfoomOwy 

ations turned a profit in 1998 or 1999. 

The company's international brew- 
ing operations had an operating loss of 
671 milli on pesos last year as overseas 
beer sales volume fell 3 percent. 

ING Barings estimates the dilution of 
San Miguel's share in Coke will erode 
its contribution to San Miguel’s op- 
erating income this year by 30 percent, 
or 680 milli on pesos, although other 
analysts estimate that income at as 
much as 790 milli on pesos. 

. San Miguel says it has taken steps to 
ensure its bottom line will not suffer 

from its new acquisition. Amatil has 
agreed to pay San Miguel about 420 
million pesos a year for 10 years for 
agreeing not to sell any competing 
carbonated products abroad. 

Once it becomes a minority owner in 
Coke. San Miguel can stan booking its 
packaging subsidiary’s earnings from 
selling bottles to Coke Philippines. In 
its current status as majority stake- 
holder, accounting laws prevent it from 
acknowledging these earnings. 

The valuation of Coke Philippines in 
die swap is another area of concern. 
Analysts estimate that .shares in Coke 
Philippines were valued by the swap at 
aprice/eamings ratio of 20 to 24 times 
1997 earnings — well below the P/E 
ratio of 35 fetched by San Miguel's 
shares before news of the merger. 

San Miguel defends the transaction, 
saying Coke Philippines* robust 13.6 
percent annual growth in the past four 
years was unusually high. 

"‘Valuations are perceptions of the 
future.” said Albert Larrazabal. San 
Miguel's senior vice president for 
treasury matters. 

Joe Higdon, research analyst for 
CaJifomia-hasedCapital Group, which 
manages funds valued at $260 billion, 
said critics of the merger were being 

“1 don’t give a hoot about next 
quarter’s earnings,'’ he said. “San 
Miguel sold at the peak and bought at the 
trough-” Referring to San Miguel’s 
chairman, be said, “Bsople will look 
beck in five years and say Andy Soriano 
pulled off the best deal.” 

■» __ » 

Reports of Raids Hit Japanese Brokerages 



■; TOKYO — Brokerage companies’ 
shares fell Monday after news reports 
j over the weekend said regulators had 
* Searched the offices of three of the coun- 
try’s largest securities bouses, 
t According to Kyodo News Service, 
investigators were looking for evidence 
that Daiwa Securities Co., Yamaichi 
Securities Co. and Nikko Securities Co. 
jnay have funneled profits to Ryuichi 
Koike, the corporate racketeer named in 
tiie payoff scandal involving Nomura 
Securities Co. The report quoted un- 
named officials at the Securities and 
Exchange Surveillance Commission. 

*. The regulatory agency said it would 
hot comment oo the reports.” We cannot 
and will not answer such a question.” an 

official of the commission said. 

Executives at Nikko and Yamaichi 
also refused to comment. But- a Daiwa 
spokesman repeated a statement made 
by the company last month that reg- 
ulators had been conducting inspections 
since March 3 but that the company 
believed the action was routine ana not 
related to any suspicious deals. 

Nikko shares fell to 578 yea ($439), 
down 14* Y amaichi shares fell 4 to 300. 
Nomura lost 60 to 1,130. and Daiwa 
declined 5 to 714. 

“Another big scandal will make for- 
eign securities companies look better 
and better, while investors will feel 
they’re at some sort of disadvantage go- 
ing through Japanese securities compa- 
nies,'’ Satoshi Kawai, a representative 

director at Merrill Lynch International 
Capita] Management Co., said. 

Investigators searched Nikko's and 
Yamaichi's offices Thursday. Kyodo 
said. A report in the Tokyo Shim bun 
said investigators searched those two 
firms' offices March 10 and Daiwa 's 
premises in late March. 

Nomura, Japan’s largest brokerage : 
concern, said last month that two of its j 
direc t ors had transferred some of the 
company’s stock-trading profit into the I 
account of a customer in violation of I 

Japanese law. 

The reports said Nomura had funneled 
38 million yen to an account held by 
Kojin Building, a real-estate company 
owned by Mr. Koike's brother. 

( Bloomberg , Reuters ) 

Seoul Outlines ‘Mild’ Reform Plan 

C*rpdrJ M Ow Svg Fm Uojva -ha 

SEOUL — The government an- 
nounced a blueprint Monday for a fi- 
nancial reform package that included 
allowing conglomerates to participate in 
bank management 

The Financial Reform Committee, led 
by President Kim Young Sam, sugges- 
ted lowering the barriers separating such 
financial sectors as banking, securities 
and insurance to enable such businesses 
to expand into other areas. 

“The short-term plans are relatively 
mild ones in the package of the financial 
reform,” Lee Deok Hoon. a top official 
of the comm i nee, said. 

“The second round of plans, due to be 
unveiled in May, will have drastic ‘Big 
Bang-style’ reform measures," he said. 

on mailers such as mergers and acqui- 
sitions between financial institutions 
and the overhaul of the central banking 
system. In a report to Mr. Kim, the panel 
recommended that the five largest in- 
dustrial giants be allowed to appoint 
executives to banks’ boards of directors 
to have a say in their management. 

The package is aimed at preventing 
another scandal involving banks and 
politicians like the one that culminated 
in the collapse of the steelmaker Hanbo 
Group early this year. 

“Financial reform is a requisite for us 
to become an advanced country in the 
21st century and an urgent task which 
cannot be delayed,” Mr. Kim said in a 
meeting with the commission and Fi- 
nance Minister Kang Kyong Shik. 

But many analysts said the first sei of 
proposed reform measures would do 
little to modernize South Korea's fi- 
nancial sector. 

South Korean financial institutions 
have fallen behind those of leading in- 
dustrialized countries in freeing them- 
selves from central control. Their tra- 
ditional role has been to funnel scarce 
capital on favorable, govemment-sei 
terms to industries considered crucial to 
the country’s rapid development. 

“In fact, our financial industry is noi 
ready for free and hot competition. ' ' said 
Hwang Min, an economist at Shinhan 
Research Institute, an arm of Shinhan 
Bank. “We need the government's firm 
vision and a concrete blueprint to reform 
the financial industry.” f Reuters, AFP i 

thousands of 





That sounds like one heck of u hi 
of millionaires. But then, in our I9 *.Ki 
Reader Survey, over 5U.00U of you 
state that you have in excess of l>S$i 
million in assets and investments. 

And talking of investments, i: 
seems that you regard the half hour of 
your day enriching yourself via yon: 
IHT as time well spent 

For summaries of the suniys fmm 
which these facts are taken, please call, 
in Europe, James McLeod on (33) 1 
41 43 93 8 U in .Asia, .Andrew Tlmmas 
on (65) 223 6478: in the America-. 
Richard Lynch on (212) 752 389(1. 


PAGE 20 



Singapore Shipper 
To Buy U.S. Company 
For $825 Million 

Vietnam Blue Chip Seeks Help 

Huy Hoang’s Plea to Hanoi Raises Concern for Private Sector 


SINGAPORE — Neptune Orient 
Lines Ltd. said Monday it would 
buy APL Ltd. of the United Stales 
for $825 million, creating one of the 
world’s largest shipping and con- 
tainer companies. 

The move — the biggest-ever for- 
eign acquisitfc n by a Singapore com- 
pany — comes amid a wave of con- 
solidation in the shipping industry as 
rougher competition and falling rates 
prompt companies to joL with rivals 
to preserve profits. Neptune Orient 
and APL said the combined com- 
pany would have a broader geo- 
graphic reach, enabling it to cut costs 
and increase profit 

But Herman Hochstadt, chairman 
of Neptune Orient warned that the 
purchase would hurt the company's 

profit this year. He declined to give 
details on die costs of the merger. 

“It’s a necessary move." said 
David Leow, an analyst at HSBC 
James Capel in Singapore. “The 
economies of scale really do count 
in this business.” 

The- combined company would 
have about 6 billion Singapore dol- 
lars ($4.16 billion) in annual sales, 

roughly doubling the size of Nep- 
tune Orient ana making it the 

Toyota to Buy 
Engine Parts 
From Dana 

ty Ok F rrra 

TOKYO — Toyota Motor 
Corp. said Monday it would 
start buying engine parts from 
Dana Corp. of the United States 
by the end of April. 

Japan's largest automaker 
said it planned to buy 1 million 
cylinder liners from Dana an- 
nually. The parts are to be used 
in cars made at the company's 
U.S. unit. Toyota Motor Man- 
ufacturing Kentucky Inc. 

A spokesman for Toyota said 
the company already bought en- 
gine bJocks in the United States 
from General Motors Corp. and 
said the purchases from Dana 

tune Orient and making it the 
second-largest local company on die 
Stock Exchange of Singapore. It 
would be the No. 1 trans-Pacific 
shipper, with about 10 percent of 
that market, and one of the top five 
shipping companies in the world in 
terms of sales, the companies said. 

Neptune Orient, which is 33 per- 
cent owned by the Singapore gov- 
ernment through its holding com- 
pany Temasek Holdings Ltd., will 
pay $33 JO a share for APL, or a 56 
percent premium to APL's closing 
stock price of $2 1 .50 on Friday. 

Neptune Orient stock was suspen- 
ded from trading in Singapore on 
Monday. It closed at 1.20 dollars 
Friday. APL shares were up $8,375 
in afternoon trading on the New 
York Slock Exchange, to $29,875. 

The container-shipping industry is 
suffering from overcapacity as a 
growing number of ships compete for 
the same customers. Many analysts 
say they expect the world container- 
ship fleet to continue to expand faster 
than the demand for container ser- 
vices. Mr. Hochstadt said conditions 
in the shipping industry had become 
so bad that Neptune Orient might 
have become a takeover target or left 
the container-shipping business if it 
had not sought an acquisition. 

APL will retain its name and will 
continue operations headed by its 
existing management in Oakland, 
Calif ornia. 

Agence Frmce-Presse 

HANOI — Vietnam's largest private company. 
Huy Hoang, has asked for a government bailout, 
raising questions about the viability of the country’s 
fledgling private sector. 

An executive of the company said Monday that Ho 
Chi Minh City authorities had agreed to consider 
proposals from Huy Hoang that would involve an 
infusion of cash from state-owned enterprises in 
exchange for a stake in the company. 

Huy Hoang's request for government help could 
prove awkward for Hanoi, which is under inter- 
national pressure to speed reforms of state-owned 
enterprises, because the rescue plan is tantamount to 
a de-privatization. 

According to a company official, the Huy Hoang 
chief, Le Van Kiem, 51, asked city authorities to set 
up a joint venture with his company to “build a state 
capitalistic economic model.' ' But some foreign ex- 
ecutives who are close to the company, who said they 
had been told the same thing , added that a serious 
cash crunch was the real reason for the request. 

‘They are seeking a way to inject cash into a high- 
profile company,” one foreign executive said. 

“Kiem is a big shot, and everyone knows the state 
doesn't want another scandaL” 

Mr. Kiem founded Huy Hoang in 1989 and has built 
two garment plants and won numerous lucrative con- 
struction contracts. The company reportedly had $50 
million in assets and S40 million in sales in 1995. 

Huy Hoang has been held up as Vietnam's show- 
case private company. If received a $3.9 milli on 
convertible loan from the Dublin-listed Vie tnam Fund. 
It also is the only Vietnamese private company to 
receive funds from International Finance Corp.. which 
took an equity stake in a joint-venture ceramics factory 
between Huy Hoang and Ongko Group of Indonesia. 

But insiders say some property deals that went 
sour have left the company in a precarious position. 
Huy Hoang also holds a stake in Vietnam Joint Stock 
Bank for Private Enterprises, which has defaulted on 
a 53 million deferred letter of credit 
There have been conflicting reports about Huy 

Hoang’s finances. Press reports this month said the 
company had a substantial loss last year, but foreign 
investors who have seen the company's books — 
which have not been subjected to international an 
audit — said it was profitable. 

Japan Officials See Firm Recovery 

CcafSed by Ow Staff Fnm Dapexba 

TOKYO — The governor of the 
Bank of Japan, Yasuo Matsushita, 
and Finance Minister Hiroshi Mit- 
suzuka said Monday that the coun- 
try’s economic recovery was gath- 
ering steam because of increased 
domestic demand. 

“Favorable moves among de- 
mand, production and wages have 
started to work gradually, and the 
economic recovery is becoming 
firmer." Mr. Matsushita said. 

The Japanese central bank gov- 
ernor played down the lack of 
private-sector confidence in the 
emergence of a strong recovery, as 
seen in the central bank’s latest 

quarterly survey of business sen- 
timent “We should not be too pes- 
simistic,” he said. 

The central bank chief, who was 
delivering a speech at a Tokyo hotel, 
also said mat the increase in Japan’s 
consumption tax to 5 percent from 3 
percent on April 1 would have only a 
temporary impact and was unlikely 
to undermine moves toward a self- 
sustained recovery. 

“We should, however, assess 
carefully bow the consumption tax 
hike wul impact on the trend in 
consumer spending.” he said. 

While Mr. Matsushita said the 
yen's recent fall against the dollar 
was “somewhat rapid-paced” and 

would be aimed at cutting pro- 
duction costs and reducing 

“This merger in no way lessens 
PL’s commitment to tbeU.S. flag and 

BUD: French Law Stymies Brewer’s Sponsorship ofWbdd Cup 

duction costs and reducing 
pressure from Washington for it 
to help cut the U.S. trade deficit 
with Japan. 

with Japan. 

Dana recently allied itself 
with Nippon Piston Ring Co., 
which supplies components to 
Toyota, to acquire technology 
for the design and manufacture 
of cylinder liners for Toyota 
cars. ( Reuters . AFP ) 

APL’s commitment to the U.S. flag and 
American seafaring labor,” Timothy 
Rhein, APL's president, said. 

Neptune Orient's 1996 profit 
tumbled 54 percent, to 20.7 million 
dollars, even as sales rose 3 percent, 
to 1 .93 billion dollars. The company 
gets about 80 percent of its revenue 
from container shipments. It also 
ships petroleum products. 

APL bad 1996 profit of $693 
million on revenue of $2.74 bil- 
lion. (Bloomberg. Reuters. AFP) 

Continued from Page 15 

die company realized the extent of its effect is unclear; 
Mr. Ponturo said there was hope it would be deemed 
not to apply to the World Cup. Another official pointed 
out that viewers in countries ocher than France would 
be deprived of the ability to see Budweiser ads. An- 
heuser-Busch took its case co the European Com- 
mission but was rebuffed in February. 

For Anheuser-Busch, the soccer event is an im- 
portant element of its strategy to push Budweiser into 
European markets. Without the World Cup, it will be 
that much harder to wean the Dutch away from Heinck- 

en beer, the French away from Kronenbourg and die 
Swiss away from Feldschlossen. One proposed com- 
promise would treat the French stadiums where the 
events will be held as semi-denationalized zones where 
French law does not necessarily apply. 

One problem: The name of toe unfinis hed and costly 
principal stadium is Stade de France, a rather national 
name. Another proposal would black out the Bud- 
weiser signs in French broadcasts and not elsewhere, 
assuming feasible technology. And Anheuser-Busch 
hopes for an amendment to die law itself. 

But the anti-alcohol lobby — yes, France has one — 
is unlikely to accept that last possibility. 

For 15 years, every child born 
in France has had on-line 
sendees at its fingertips. 
These days, they’d call it the Net. 

14800 A 2250 flA-t ’ 

; 135ffl— It JrtiWj — — ■.“A t 
2150 J T"~ 20000 

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1996 1997-.- 1896 

fifes* - ■ 


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Source: Tetetaxs ' 

loBraUfOMl Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

that “excessive movements in for- 
eign-exchange rates are undesir- 
able,” he added that Japan would 
maintain a policy of low interest 
rates to help economic recovery. 

In a separate speech, Mr. Mil- 
suzuka said private-sector demand 
had been “holding firm" and was 
propping up the economic recovery. 

He added that Japan would “not 
put priority on exports in trying to 
revitalize its economy,” but would 
focus on private-sector demand. 

“We want to seek balanced eco- 
nomic management by boosting 
private-sector demand so that Ja- 
pan's trading partners can also ben- 
efit,” he said. (AFP, Bloomberg) 

• Japan's feeble economic recovery means a hrgh level of - 
business failures, said a research firm, Tokyo Shoko Research 
Ltd. Total debts beld by insolvent Japanese companies nearly 
tripled in the fiscal year ending in March, bringing the • 
bankruptcy debt to a record 9.26 trillion yen ($73-5 billion). • JP 

• Hyundai Motor Co„ South Korea’s largest automaker, has . 
resinned exports to Taiwan for the first time since Seoul and - 
Taipei severed diplomatic ties in 1992. 

• Many American executives de a lin g wiih Asian countries • 
say U.S. government policy toward China interferes with ■ 
business. Political & Economic Risk Consultancy said. • 

• Japan's finance minister, Hiroshi Mitsuzuka, said that more 
tie-ups between Japanese and foreign banks were “con- . 
ceivable” following moves by Nippon Credit Bank Ltd. to ; 
link up with Bankers Trust New York Corp. . 

• Goodman Fielder Ltd. will try to change its planned ■ 
purchase of the New Zealand hairing and milling business of ■ 
Defiance Mills Ltd. after the antitrust authority, the New * 
Zealand Commerce Commission, rejected the transaction. 

• Fortune Tobacco Corp. ’schamnaruLucio Tan. filed a 290 ■ 

million peso ($11 million) civil damages suit against the L 
Philippines' tax commissioner for attempting to force the f 
company to pay higher taxes. < 

!V 3 





• Singapore Airlines Ltd. has bad talks with Ansett In- i 
ternational and Air New Zealand over a “commercial : 


Reuters. AFP. Bloomberg 


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PAGE 21 

PAGE 22 

Michael Chang unleashing 
me of his two serves Monday. 

Chang Wins Fast 

TENNIS Michael Chang of the 
United States took just 45 seconds 
to finish off the rain-delayed final 
of the Hong Kong Salem Open 
against Patrick Rafter on Monday. 

The final of the $328,000 tennis 
tournament was halted by a down- 
pour Sunday when Chang was lead- 
ing 6-3, 5-3 and at match point. 

Rafter saved one match point by 
ranting away an overhead smash. 
But the match ended seconds later 
when the Australian hit a backhand 
long. (Reuters. AP) 

• Lindsay Davenport beat Mary 
Pierce 6-2, 6-3 Sunday in the final 
of the Bausch & Lomb Champi- 
onships on Amelia Island. Florida. 
Davenport earned $79,000 for her 
third title of the year. (APJ 

Bangladesh Celebrates . 

CRICKET An estimated half a 
milli on Bangladeshis greeted the 
national team on its return to Dhaka 
on Monday after it won die In- 
ternational Cricket Council trophy 
in Malaysia. Bangladesh beat 
Kenya in Sunday's final and qual- 
ified for the 1999 World Cup. 

• Michael Atherton was re- 
appointed as England captain for the 
test series against Australia. Ather- 
ton could equal Peter May's record 
:• of 41 tests as England captain when 
the six-test Ashes series starts at 
Edgbaston on June 5.( Reuters) 

Villa Keeper Fined 

soccer Aston Villa goalkeeper 
Mark Bosnich was fined £10,000 
($16,000) by manager Brian little 
on Monday for walking out on the 
team before Villa’s English premier 
league match at Derby on Saturday. 

The Australian keeper left 
Derby's Baseball Ground an hour 
before the kick-off when he found 
out his deputy Michael Oakes was 
playing instead of him. (Reuters) 

Violence in Brazil 

soccer A linesman was attacked 
by players after a disputed late goal 
Sunday in the latest violence in 
Brazilian soccer. 

Play was delayed for 15 minutes 
in die Rio de Janeiro championship 
match between Madureira and Fla- 
mengo. Madureira players and of- 
ficials were furious mat their modest 
team was denied a famous shock 
victory when FJamengo equalized 
with its last attack. A soot by Marco 
Aurelio appeared to hit the cross bar 
before rebounding into play. The 
referee ruled that it had crossed the 
goal line. Television replays showed 
he was correct, but he needed a po- 
lice escorted off the field (Reuters) 

llcral b^^S ribunt? 



Shattered Records Show that Woods Is the Master 

By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Past Service 

AUGUSTA, Georgia — Tiger 
Woods finished with a fabulous final- 
round flourish Sunday on his stirring 
18-hole victory inarch to golf glory at 
The Masters. 

There was not the slightest hint of a 
fold, os even a falter, as the 21 -year-old 
shattered the 72 hole scaring record on 
Augusta National’s verdant fairways and 
unforgiving greens to become the young- 
est champion in tournament history. 

With a score of 4-under-jpar 68 
Sunday and a four-day total of 1 8-under 
270, Woods completed one of the most 
astonishing performances in die annals 
of the game less than eight months after 
he turned professional. 

“My goal is to obviously be the best: 
It's a lofty goal, and if I do, great; if I 
don’t, at least I tried,” Woods said 
before the. 1996 champion. Kick Faldo, 
helped him put on the green jacket that 
goes to the winner, along with a 
$486,000 check. 

Woods beat Tom Kite, his closest 
pursuer and runner-up for the third time, 
by 12 shots — the largest major cham- 
pionship victory margin in the 20th cen- 
tury and three better than the Masters 
record of nine set by Jack Nicklaus in 
1965. Woods also broke the Masters 
record of 271 shared by Nicklaus and 
Raymond Floyd. 

As Woods walked around historic 
Amen Comer on Sunday — that dicey 
stretch born No. 11 through 13 — the 
Hallelujah Chorus mounted from crowds 
standing six and eight deep behind The 
ropes, when he made a 15-foot putt for 
birdie at the 455-yard 11th, a roar rose 
from die gallery. The decibel level 
reached a final crescendo when he strode 
triumphantly up the 18tb fairway, smil- 
ing broadly and waving his hat 

The lowest his lead ever got was eight 
shots, when be bogeyed the 360-yard 
No.7 and slipped to 14-under. His play- 
ing partner, Costantino Rocca, who 
faded to a tie for sixth, paired the hole 
and was at 6 under. By the time they hit 
die back nine. Woods was up by nine. 

The only remaining question was 
■second place. There was a spirited battle 
won by Kite, the 47-year-old U.S. Ryder 
Cup captain, with a final-round 70 and a 
total of 6-under 288. One last birdie at 
the 17th bole earned Kite $291,600. 
Tommy Tolies, playing in his first Mas- 
ters. finished thud with the day’s best 
round, a 67, that left him at 5-under 283. 
Tran Watson, with bogeys on two of his 
last three holes, was fourth at 72-284. 

Woods hit 13 of 18 greens in reg- 
ulation despite several wild drives, ms 
driving average on die two measured 
holes was 306 yards. Fra the tournament 
he averaged a stunning 323 yards off the 
tee and 1.625 pints per hole. 

Woods's birdie at the 1 1th got him to 
16 under, and his birdie at the 485-yard 
13th put him at 17 under. At the 405- 
yard 14th, his second shot sand wedge 
stopped eight feet from the hole, and he 

Can He Win 
Grand Slam ? 

Los Angeles Times 

AUGUSTA — One down, three 
to go? Tiger Woods said it's not out 
of the question that somebody can 
win die Grand Slam, or all four 

major championships in one year. 
“Whether it’s realistic or not. I 

couldn’t really tell you, bull think it 
can be done,” Woods said Sunday. 

“Phil Mickelson won four times 
last year,” be added. “Well, if you 
win die right four tournaments, 
then you have the slam. 

“It's difficult to win. because 
these are majors. But if you peak at 
the right times, a lot (ike what Nick- 
laus used to do, and if you have a lot 
of lock on your side, then who 

Woods said he might be die one 
to do it this year, if be enters them 

all. “My goal is to win every tour- 
nament I play,” he said. 

nament I play,” he said. 

The U.S. Open will be played 
Jane 12-15 at Congressional in 
Rethesda, Maryland, the British 
Open is July 17-20 at Royal Troon 
in Scotland and the PGA Cham- 
pionship is Aug. 14-17 at Winged 
Foot in MamaronecL New York. 

Ben Hogan won the first three of 
the modern majors in 1953 but did 
not play the PGA Championship, 
which was scheduled for the day 
after the British Open. 

Bobby Jones won the Grand 
Slam in 1930 when it consisted of 
the U.S. Amateur, U.S. Open, Brit- 
ish Amateur and British Open. 

TiroMby OMy/Agmco ftmco -tW tr 

Tiger Woods blasting out of a bunker next to die fifth green during his 4-under-par final round of 68 in th£ 
Masters tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Woods won the green jacket with a four-day total of 18-under 270; 

MASTERS: Woods Turns In Legendary Performance at Augusta- f 

made that to go 18 under, one better than 
the tournament record. 

At the 18th, needing par to set the 
scoring record, he hit ms wildest drive 
of the day off to the left, flinching ever 
so slightly at the top of his swing when 
he heard the click of a camera. But 
Woods had only 132 yards to the hole 
and a clear line to the pin. 

He hit a wedge through a funnel of 
fans, many of whom slapped him on the 
bock as be walked toward the green. 
When be broke through the throng and 

Continued from Page l 

up the slope to the putting surface, his 
face broke in a broad grin and be waved 

face broke in a broad grin and be waved 
to the thousands lining the fairway. 

His first thought when he saw the 20- 
foot putt he’d left himself was, “Geez, 
I’ve got a tough one." He left himself a 
nasty putt for par and die scoring record. 
When it went m, he gave the Woods fist 
pump, hugged his caddie, Mike Cowan, 
and went looking for his parents. 

“My focus never left me, even with 

prayer and a ’thanks’ to those guys. 
They are the ones who did it for me.” 

In his bedroom since childhood, which 
wasn’t so long ago. Woods has kept a list 
of Nicklaus 's accom plishments and the 
ages at which he reached them. Nicklaus 
won twoUJS. Amateur championships at 
Ohio State University. Woods won three 
at Stanford. Nicklaus won the second 
major tournament he entered as a pro, the 
1962 UJ>. Open at age 22. Woods has 
nipped him, I -up, again. 

Many who do not know golf well will 
assume that Woods’s victory was in- 
evitable. Woods was putting against 
Bob Hope on U.S. television at age 2. 

my ‘A’ game,” he said. “This was 
pretty close.” After adjusting his swing 
at the turn Thursday by shortening his 
backswing, Woods found a groove he 
never lost. 

The crowds who followed and adored 
Woods throughout tins Masters were 
mesmerized by his 350- to 360-yard 
drives that turned the par-5 holes into 
mid-length par-4 s. “He reduced the 
course to nothing.” said Nicidans. 

Many pros were more struck, and 
more unnerved, by Woods's sudden ma- 
turity. Though he came here with three 
wins in 14 starts as a pro, he was viewed 
by other top players, especially Euro- 
peans, as an unfinished talent 

This week, be crushed the ball, but be 

He broke 50 fornine holes at age 3. No ■ also thoaght Ms" 'Way around the course. 

the ovation I g 
walk up 18. “II 
business first” 

Woods said of his 
I had to take care of 

stage father ever pushed harder. And no 
son, judging by Woods's grin, took to 
the regimen more readily. 

Golf is not that simple. Every player’s 
game fluctuates from streak to slump. 
Woods does not always play like this. In 
fact, according to Woods, he has never 
played quite as he has this week. “I have 
never played a whole tournament with 

While stars who were much fris'senior 
went for “sucker pins” with their irons 
and putted too boldly from above the 
hole. Woods and his caddie, Mike Cow- 
an, were an object lesson in deferred 

Every day. Woods talked about how 
proud he was that be was “shooting away 
from the flag" and deliberately leaving 

many of his first putts “a couple of leer 
below the hole.” The key to Woods’* 
victory was his ability to play for par — » 
and virtually eliminate die possibility o£ 
bogey on as many as 10 holes each day. 

After this victory. Woods onoe again 
gave the impressioo that he was aiming, 
past his target, hitting through this Mas£ 
teis rather than merely at it Woods was 
not overly exciteitHappy , yes. Ecstatic?; 
No way. Asked at what age he real- 
istically thought he could win his first 
Masters, Woods sakh “Nineteen. I wag; 
here. I draught I could win.” 

Nicklaus, the man whose name has 
been cm die wall next to Woods’s head; 
since he was a boy, has 18 major chain* 
pion&hrps asa pro. 

- That means Tiger Woods. -has five 
more Masters, five PGAs, four UJS. 
Opens and three British Opens left on hid 
agenda. At least. -Thatproject took Nick- 
laus 24 years to complete. So, Woods, 
has his time frame. Jot the date down in 
your daily planner 2020. Between now 
and then, think of all the thrills, such as 
18 uniter par at the Masters, that the 1 
lucky game of golf has in store. 

___ ;a| 

Frozen Angels Put the Gloves on to Win on Cleveland's Tundrai 

bi Or Stiff From Kwacha 

It was so cold in Cleveland dm the 
Anaheim Angels' center fielder, Jim 
Edmonds, could see his breath. One of 

Gary DiSarcina. actually wore batting 
gloves, a rare occurrence for him. 

“I was going to show my manhood 
and go out there without them,” DiS- 
arcina joked after the Angels’ 8-3 vic- 
tory Sunday over the Cleveland Indians 
on the tundra that was Jacobs Field. 
“But when I got to the on-deck circle for 
my first at-btt, 1 realized this was not the 
time for stupidity. I wanted to feel my 

A strong breeze blowing from left 
field to right created a wind-chill factor 
that took the temperature well below 
freezing. There were also occasional 

straw flurries and some drizzle and mist 
Langston and die relief tag-team of 
Chuck McElroy, Pep Harris and Mike 
James put a chill into the hot Indians' 
bats, and the Angels pounded out 13 
hits, including Eddie Murray's fourth- 

inning home run, his 502d, off the 
starter. Jack McDowell. 

The Angels also took advantage of 
three Indians' errors to score three un- 
earned runs. 

“It was hard to get a grip on the ball.” 
Langston said. “On some breaking 
pitches I couldn't feel the ball coming 
out of my hand.” 

White Sox 11, Tigers 8 In the first 
game of a doubleheader at Tiger Sta- 
dium, Chicago overcame a 7-0 deficit. 


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tying the game with a three-run tally in 
the ninth that was capped by Tony Phil- 
lips’s run-scoring single with two outs. 

Tiger* 4 , White Sox 2 Travis Fryman 
won the second game with a three-nm 
shot in the bottom of the ninth. The 
White Sox took a 2-1 lead in the ninth on 
Darren Lewis’s squeeze bunt. But in the 
bottom half, Detroit put two runners an 
base and Fryman again bomered off 

Yankmo a, Aihtetieo 2 Andy Fettitte 
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to win three times in the Yankees’ first 
10 games of the season. He allowed four 
hits in seven innings as the Yankees 
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er in New York. 

Athletics 7, Yanfcm»s4 Scott Brosius’s 
two-run single helped the A’s take a 5-0 
lead in the third inning that they held on 
to win the second game. 

Brewer* 3, Blue Jays 2 Milwaukee 

finally played a game Sunday after two 
snowouts at County Stadium. The 
Brewers won when Fernando Vina 
singled home the winning run with no 
outs in the bottom of the ninth inning. 

Royal* e, Twin* 1 David Howard and 
Johnny Damon, the eighth and ninth 
hitters in the lineup, each drove in three 
runs as Kansas City won at home. Da- 
moo hit a two-rim homer and a run- 
scoring double. 

In games reported Monday: 

Rad Sox 7, Mun r inrai* 1 Tim Naehring 



San Hooda/Apnis Fran c a Pratt 

Andy Pettitte of the Yankees winding up to deliver a pitch against the A’s. 

hit a grand slam over the left-field wall 
and Wil Cordero bomered off the giant 
Coca Cola bottles placed this season 
above the Green Monster at Fenway 

Oriole* 9 , itera ier i o Jimmy Key 
pitched a six-hitter fix’ his first shutout 
in four years, and Jeffrey Hammonds hit 
two solo homers as Baltimore beat 
punchless Texas. (LAT, AP) 


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Tet 01-2614947 

The Associated Press 

With die Marlins, Rockies, Dodgers 
and Giants all winning at a record-set- 
ting pace, someone has to be losing. It’s 
the Cubs. 

The Cubs tied die modern-day Na- 
tional League record for season-open- 
ing futility by losing their 10th straight 
game, 6-4, to the Atlanta Braves. 

The Cubs, whose run is second in the 
NL annals only to the 0-11 start fry the 
Detroit Wolverines in 1884, remain 11 
games shy of the Baltimore Orioles' 0- 
21 beginning in 2988. 

Chicago committed three more errors 
Sunday — the Cubs have 17 in 10 games 
— and Atlanta scored two decisive un- 
earned runs in the eighth inning. 

Dodyar* 14, Knktea S Los Angeles 
went to 8-3 — its best beginning since 
the World Series championship season 
of 1988 — after Todd Hollandsworth 
bomered and drove in four runs in one 
inning at Pittsburgh. 

Hollandsworth had a tun-scoring 

Single and a three-run homer in the third 
as the Dodgers scored 9 runs. 

Pmdemm 3, MnWas i Ken Caminiti’s 
run-scoring double in die top of the 
ninth inning snapped a 1-1 tie as San 
Diego continued its domination Of Phil- 

n*d»s, M*vHn» 4 The Florida Marlins 
are off to their best-ever start, with an 8- 

3 record, even though they lost to Cin- 

homer, off Al Leiter in the fourth timing 
at Cincinnati. The 23-year-old shortstop 
was called up Saturday 4o fill in for 
hobbled Barry Laririn. 

Expo* a. Rock!** a Despite the loss to 
Montreal, Colorado is off to its best 
start. Pitcher Carlos Perez homered as 
visiting Montreal snapped Colorado’s 
seven-game winning streak while end- 
ing a five-game slide of its own. 

runtime ■ s, Astro* 2 Alan Benes al- 
lowed tWO hits in seven innings «nri Sti 
Ltiins tied an NL record with four con? 
secutive doubles. 

^Mte S, Mats 1 — San Francisco 
swept a doubfefaeader in New York td 
rise to 7-3, its best start since the 1989 
pennant-winning season. • 

In tire first game, a forme* Met, Jeff 
Kent, drove in three runs in tire opener, 
tben left with a sprained neck when he 
slid head-first into third hasn trying ler 
stretch a double. 

<«rant*7, Mets6 Mark Lewis homered 
twice in the second game/ and . Jose 
Vizcaino — dealt by the Mets to Clev- 
eland along with Kent last July — 
homered for the first time in 516 at- 

Just 21,981' showed up at Shea Sta- . 
mum* foe smallest crowd for a Mets f 
home opener in 17 years. Part of the ? 

could have been that the New 
Yoik Yankees were • at home for a 




PAGE 23 

: ! ^ 



1 fcf 

“ r “ X 

Utah’s Streak Ends at 15 

The Associated Press 

The Jazz had their 15-game winning streak 
snapped by a team they had clobbered m their 
pre viousthree meetings. 

*■ Sh^nllc O’Neal scored 39 points and 

against donble 
coverage at die final buzzer to give the Los 

Lakers the vi 
's second l 

>g streak of the 

y John Stockton led the Jazz with 30 Twxjnt-g 
*— one short of his season-high — andnine 
Assists. Kari Malone scored 20 of his 26 in the 
second half. 

*«w«iiMiip«s«ifc«73Seame's sea- 
son continued to fell apart as it lost by 40 
points in Houston against a team it has dom- 
inated in recent seasons, 
p a^Dre^ied the Rcidcets wife 20 points 
tad 17 points, while Charles Barkley grabbed 
Jo reboands. Gary Payton had 22 points — the 
tone Seattle player in double figures. 

F ■«*** 1M. »*•*» 123 In Milwaukee. Glenn 
Robinson scored 25 points to lead ei^ht Mil- 
waukee players in double figures as the Bucks 
won then second in a row. 
b- The Bucks, who had a season -high 76 
s in the first half as they opened a 30- 
lead, finished with their highest point 
, • — 1 of the season. Rookie Kerry Kittles had a 
“ season-high 40 points for the Nets: 


loo, HHmviaf* 07 In San Jose, Rex 
C h a pm a n and Kevin Johnson each scared 26 
points as the Suns completed a sweep of fee 
four-game season series against Golden State. 
Chapman scored 17 of his points in third 
when the Suns surged ahead, and 

to frustrate the Warriors* comeback. 

In a game reported in some editions 

Pistons loe. Bulls bi Detroit ended Chica- 
go’s hopes of TwatrhwijB last season's 72-10 
record as Grant HSl recorded his 12th triple- 
double. The victory stopped the Pistons’ 19- 
game losing streak against the Bulls. 

* ‘It wasn’t that important,” Michael Jordan 
said of the chance for 72 victories. “At the 
beginning of fee season, I felt feat getting to 
70 wouldbe tough for us. Honestly,! expected 
to lose maybe six or eight more games than wc 
did last year. Yet here we are and we've still 
got a shot at winning 70.** 

A 3-pointer by Terry Mills, part of a 10-0 
burst, rave Detroit a 21-20 lead with 4:05 left 
bathe first quarter, and the Pistons led the rest 
of fee way. ■ . 

When it was over, coach Dong Collins was 
in tears on the bench. 

“X really don’t know where to start, except 
to say feat this is my proudest moment as a 
coach,’* Collins said. “Not because it was the 
Chicago Bulls and it was my former tram, but 
because of what we have gone through here: 
for a few weeks." 


Suddenly, Svejkovsky Finds 
His Game and Capitals Win 


ShaquiUe O’Neal of the Lakers looking for an inside 
basket as Greg Ostertag of the Utah Jazz defends. 

Tfc? Associated Press 

Just as fee National Hockey 
League season aided, Jaroslav 
Svejkovsky got his game go- 

Svejkovsky, who had just 
three goals in his IS previous 
games with the Capitals, 
more chan doubled his output 
Sunday when he scored four 
times in Washington's 8-3 
victory over Buffalo. 

The rookie left wing's first 
two goals came 52 seconds 
apart and gave the Capitals a 
4-1 lead after a first period that 
saw Buffalo outshot, 17-5. 

The scoring outburst came 
a day after fee Capitals were 
bumped from the Eastern 
Conference playoffs when Ot- 
tawa defeated Buffalo. 1-0. 

“We went into the game 
trying to play as hard as we 
could," said Svejkovsky, the 
American Hockey League’s 
Rookie of the Year. 

Kings 4, Avalanche 2 

Another rookie who closed 
out the regular season wife a 
flourish was goal tender Jamie 
Sion, who backstopped lowly 
Los Angeles to victory over 
league-leading Colorado in 

The evening began with the 
presentation of the Presi- 
dent’s Trophy, given to fee 
team with the best regular sea- 
son record It was downhill 
for the Avalanche after that 

Store's 35 saves led to an 
emotional victory for the 

NHL Roundup 

Kings, who haven't gained 
the playoffs since reaching 
the finals in 1993. • 

Bnrins 7, Penguins a In 
Boston, the Bruins ended 
their first nonplayoff season 
in 30 years and spoiled Mario 
Lemieux's final regular-sea- 
son game. 

Lemieux had two assists 
and won his sixth NHL scor- 
ing title, but the Penguins still 
lost their third straight game. 
The Penguins, 0-12-1 in their 
last 13 road games, open the 
Eastern Conference playoffs 
at third-place Philadelphia. 

Blues 3, Red Wings 1 1n De- 
troit, Joe Murphy had a goal 
and an assist to lead St. Louis 
to victory in a preview of a 
postseason first-round pair- 

Stephane Matteau’s short- 

handed goal at 6*32 and Favol 
Demitra s power-play goal ar 
1331 gave St Louis a 2-0 lead 
in the first period Kirk Mai tby 
stole the puck from Murphy 
and made it 2-1 in the second 
period but Murphy atoned by 
scoring in the third 

BlacJchawka 5, Stan 2 In 

Dallas. Eric Daze had throe 

iefeated Dallas. 

Ryan S, Davila 4 John Lo- 
C1 air's 50th goal of the season 
hi ghlig hted a four-goal rally 
in the third period as Phil- 
adelphia beat visiting New 

The Flyers trailed 4-1, 
with 13:17 to play before Eric 
Undros, Rod Brind’ Amour, 
LeClair and Klatt scored 
John Mac Lean had two goals 
and two assists for the Devils, 
who finished fee season with 
the Eastern Conference's best 
record ar 45-23-1 A 

In a game reported in some 
editions Monday: 

Whaler* 2 , Lightning 1 Glen 
Wesley and Kevin Dineen 
scored as the Whalers beat 
Tampa, giving their fens a vic- 
tory to remember them by in 
their last game in Hartford 


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(z-cSndied conference tme) 
(x-cOncbed playoff barth) 

C Pipped 9-19 1-2 21. Jordan 7-14 4-4 lk 
D: Mlb 11-14 2-2 29. HBI 11-23 54 27. 
R o t n odo-eMcogo 49 (Coffey ID), Detroit 
44 (HB 12). Asslst»-CMcogo 25 (Jaidan 7), 
DedoO 23 (HH 1 0). 

2S 21 40 37—123 
37 39 28 20-132 
NJ4 KMes 14-21 7-74a G01 8-1410-14 24. 
Jackson 7-20 8-9 24: M: Robinson 10-2DS-4 
2 5. Newman M 4-5 20. Roboonds-New 
Jersey 52 (Massenburg ill MBwaokee 37 
(Baker 6). AssHls-New jersey 29 (GUL 
Jadman 9), MOwaokee 29 (DoagkBd). 
Seattle 20 10 17 10-73 

Houston 31 25 21 34-113 

S: Payton B-20 2-2 22, siewarl 3-10 2-2 R 
Win gate 4-9 0-0 a H: Dreader 8-19 1-2 2& 
Bortdoy 6-12 5-7 17. RAoonds— Sontflo 55 
(Kerap 101 Houston 71 fBmtdey 15)- 
Asdsto-Sealtfa 14 {Poytoo 4h Houston 31 
CEBe 133. 

Utah 21 22 31 34- 98 

LA. Laban 20 25 29 26—100 

U: Stockton M3 9-9 30, Ma tone 8-19 10-11 
2& LAJ 01400114-2911 -18 39, Jones 6-1 45- 
7 20. Reboands— Utah 43 (Qdoitag 139. Los 
Angeles 49 (ONecd 13). AsoMs-Utofa 25 
(Stoddm 99 , Ijh Angolas 24 (Wan Etosl 7). 
Phooabr 23 30 24 20-105 

GoidonSMe 27 25 13 32- 97 

P: Otapman 9-17 4-4 24. Jabasan 7-13 9-9 
24; GAi Booker 6-1 4 M Ifc DoOereq 6-102- 
5 14. RetiaoBds— Phoenix 48 OMHams 11), 
Gotten state 42 (Smith 14}. 
Assists P hoenix 24 (Johnson 9), Gotten 
Stale 15 (Mud In 4). 


NHL Stamdmos 

W I T Pit 
Z-New Jersey . 45 23 14 104 

X-PMadMMO 45 24 13 103 

»4=kslda 35 28 19 - 89 

X-H.Y. Rangers 38 34 10 84 

Wfad feB ton 33 40 9 75 

Tampa Bay 32 40 10 74 

N.Y. takndire 29 41 12 90 


« IT m 
y-Bufloto 40 30 12 92 

n-PUtsburgh 38 34 8 84 

n-Oltaom 31 36 15 77 

x-Monlreal 31 36 15 77 

Hartford 32 39 11 75 

Boston 24 47 9 61 

231 182 
274 217 
221 201 
258 231 
214 231 
217 247 
240 250 

237 20B 
285 280 
226 234 
249 276 
226 256 
234 300 

28 21 27 15-91 
35 20 20 25— m 

(1) New Jersey vs. TO Montreal 

(2) Buffalo v*. (7) Ottawa 

(3) PMarMpNa vs. TO Pittsburgh 

(4) Rartda vs. (5) NLY. Rangore 


W L T Pis GF GA 
y-DoBas 48 26 8 704 252 198 

x-Oetraft 38 26 10 94 253 197 

x-Phoeabr 30 37 7 83 240 243 

x-5t Louis 


35 11 






35 13 






44 8 






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37 9 






40 7 






41 9 




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43 11 




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47 8 




{Kunference champion) 
(y-dhrtotan dtampton) 
Oc-quoltfied fex ptoynffc) 

(1) Cotorado vs. (U Chicago 
CO DaOas vs. (7) Erhnonton 
TO Deficit vs. TO Si. Louts 
(4) Andtohn vs. (5) Pttoenlx 


Tcsapo Bay 0 0 I— I 

Hartford 10 1—2 

Rrrt Pettoft H-Wesfay 6 (RlOb Kran) 
Socood Period: None. Third Period: H- 
Dfneen -19 (Sanderson. C os s et s). 3, T- 
Qceareil 35 (Grafton) Shots on goal: T- 13- 
10-16-39. H- 8-9-6-22. Gaales: T- 
Tabaraod. H- Burke. 

St Louts 2 0 1—3 

Detroit 0 1 0-1 

, Domllra 3 (Murphy. Ttirgean) (PP)- Second 
Period: D-Maltby 1 TWrt Period: S.L- 
NUnpfir 20 (MaHeau, Tuigean) SMs an 
goTO S.L- 8-7-9—24. D- 4-13-7— 34. Goalies: 
SL^Fuhr. D-Osgood. 

Chicago 1 2 1-5 

Dados 1 1 0-2 

FkSt Period: D-Verbeek 17 (Hagub 

Hatcher) Z C-Daw 20 (Wefarldv Sbardz) 
Second Patort D-Hmvey 9 (Sydoc Hogue) 
(pp].4.C-Daze21 (Shomz, Zhamnov) (pp). & 
G- Block 12 (Lerouv Sutefl TPird Period: C- 
Shatlz9 (Da. Moreau) 7,C-Daze22 UWoreau) 
(on). Shots ao goafc C- 0-9-10-27. D- 11-7- 
8—26. Carries: C-Tarttri. DJrbe. 

Ptl to h unto 1 2 0-2 

Boston 4 0 3-7 

Ftot Period: B-WItson 7 (Stumpefl Z P-, 
Otozyk 24 (Lemieux, Fronds) 3. B-Sfumpd 

20 (WDsan. Donato) 4. B- Bourque 19 
[Stumpei Donato) (pp). & B-TJ i woon e y 10 
(AVsan) Second Period: P-Frands 27 
(Otauszau LamleuO (pp). 7, P-Ofczyk 25 
(Fronds. Oktusson) Tldnl Period: B-Stumpel 

21 (Bourque. Donato) (pp). 9, B-Cortor 11 
(Aflban) la B-Wflson 8 (Sturapet Donato) 
Shots on goal: P- 12-14-17-^0. B- 10-6- 
8-24. Gordias: P-WreggeL B-Cnrey. 

4 2 2-8 
1 2 6-3 
First Period: B-Pacn 2a (Sh). Z W-. 
Bondn 46 (Houriey, Cato) X W-NfluOshki 9 
(COM (ppl.4, W-Ovellnnky 4 (Rookie) & w- 
Sve(kwsky5 (Witt Brunette) Second Period: 
W-Kha 3 (Berube, Hunter) 7, B-W J»r1in«w 2 
(Graaek, Mur) (PP)- & B-Wnrd 13 (Paco, 
Dawe) 9, W-Housley 11 CBondm, NttaBstiM 
TWrd Period— 1ft W-Sveflavsky 6 

(KamfaskO 11, W-5«efkavshy 7 (Burnette, 
Kaminsky) (pp). Stats on goat: W- 17-9- 
12—38. B- 5B-11— 24. GoaDes: W-Kotztg. 8- 

NewJoreey 2 2 0— 4 

Pttfhttelplila 0 1 4—5 

Hot Period: MJ.-Mocteon 28 iCnrpentW, 
Nledermayer) Z NJ.- Koilk 23 (AAocLeon) 
Second Period: P-Dykltuis 4 (N3ntoMto 
PraspaO A, NJ.-Madean 29 (ZelepuUn. 
Carpenter) 5. N-L-Nleaennayer 5 (MacLeon, 
Gflmour) (pp). Tldrd Ported: P-Undtos 32 
(Zuhras. Thertan) 7, P-BrinrfAmour 27 
(Therien. ProspoO & P-LnCkdr 50 (Zubrus. 
Lfadros) 9, P-, Kfem 24 (Brtncf Amour, 
Therien) (pp). Shots on goto: NJ.- 3-11- 
6—20. P- 7-16-15-38. Sooltos: NJ.- 
Dunhrnn. p-HexML Snow. 

UisAngdes 1 1 2-4 

Colorado 1 0 1—2 

First Period: LA. -Ferraro 25 (Boucher. 
Norriroml (pp). Z C- Jones 25 (Lendoux. 
5m«vn) Second Poriorfc [_A.-Munoy )5 
(Norstnxn) ThH Period: C-Klemm 9 
(QzoSnsiu Fmsbera) S, LA^Btako 8 
(KhrtsHdt) 6, LA.-Mumy 16 (Finn, 
ODoonefl) (en). Shots on gook LJL- 6-8- 
9-21 C- 9- 13-1 4-36. GooMra LA.-Storr. C- 

Flnoi toodtog ocotnoSmnioy otttwdlm2.7 
mflHon M o otoro on Ha 6^2Sfmd. por-72 
Angnsta Nadontt Goff Chd> couroo: 

Tiger Woods 
Ton KM 
Tommy Tolies 
Tom Watson 
Paul Stonkowskl 
Costonffno Rocca 
Jeff Ski man 
Fred Couples 
Davis Love III 
Jrnttn Leonard 
Bernhard Longer 
Wins wood 
Per-UIrta Joha nss on 
Tom Lehman 
Jose Mario Okratbal 
Fred Funk 
vitor Singh 
MnrfcCol a ivecc h lo 
Ernie Els 
John Huston 
Stuart Appteby 
Jesper Pamevft 
Kick Price 
Lee Westwood 
Craig Stagier 
Pout Aringer 
Jim Fun* 

Mark O'Meara 
Larry Mho 
Scrdt McCarron 
Coin Montgoaimle 
Sandy Lyle 
Fuzzy ZoeBer 
Duffy Wcudori 
□avid Frost 

70- 66-65-69—270 
7S5B59-72— 284 

68- 74-69-74—^5 

71- 69-70-75 — 2B5 

72- 69-73-72-286 
72-71 -72-71—286 

76- 72-7267—287 

72- 73-7369-287 

73- 7649-69— 2B7 

71- 70-74-72 — 287 

74- 73-7269-288 

72- 76-78-71-289 

73- 72-71 -73-289 

71- 71-75-74—291 

77- 71-73-78-291 

72- 73-7473—292 

69- 73-77-74-293 

74- 75-72-72-293 

75- 7478-75-394 

73- 73-7475-295 
7471 -73-7*— 297 

Scoff Hoch 
km Woosnam 
Sam Torrance 
Jock Nlddaus 
Jumbo Oznkl 
Corey Pdvto 
Ben Crenshaw 
Frank NobBo 

7960 - 73 - 77-297 
7768 - 75 - 79-299 
75 - 73 - 73 - 78-299 
77 - 70 - 74 70-299 
7375 - 79 - 74-301 
75 - 7470 - 74-301 

75 - 737488-302 

76 - 72 - 7401-303 


Inter 3, MBcm 1 

n—oiasi Juventus 52; Paimo 49: Inter 
nese 3& Fkxenfira 34 Vicenza 36. Roma 34 
Atokmta 36, Milan 36; Napoo 3* Ptaamzn 2ft 
CagBart 27, Perugia 27; Womna 22; Reggiaita 

Manchester United 66c Areenol 63. Liverpool 
63e Aston VUa 56; Newasfle 54; Shefteld 
Wednesday 53 Cheteeo 4% Wknbiadoii 46; 
TaHanham42, Leeds 41 Derby A Evertan 4a 
Ldashr 4ft Blackburn 37; Coventry 3ft 
Southmnpton 34. West Han 34, Sunderland 
34; Mkklesbrough 33 Nottingham Forest 31. 

Monaco 6ft Parts St Germain 56; Bastlo 54: 
Nantes 5% Strasbourg 53; Bordeaux 51; Aux- 
ene 49, Lyon 49! Metz 47; Gtringamp 44; 
MontpeHler 4ft Marseille 41; Cannes 36: Le 
Havre 35. Rennes 3ft Lens 35; LDIe 3ft Caen 
3ft Ngncy 29; Nice 20. 

woeut cup OBiujiTOsa 

Mexico ft Jamaica 0 
Bahrain 1. Jordon 0 



Mlchoel Ctamg (1). US. def. Patrick Rafter 
TO, Australia, 6-ft 6-3. 




Undsay Davenport (61, US, del. Mary 
Pterce ni). France, 6-2 43. 


AUelko Madrid Z Bmcetona5 
standmos. Real Madrid 7ft- Barcetona 69; 
Real Bens 67; Daporttvo Coruna 6ft Altatta 
Madrid 5ft- VafladoM 57; AfhieffC Bttoo 4ft 
Tenerife 47. Valencia 47, Rett Soctedod 47; 
Rodng Santander 42; Cnmpasreki 4ft Cettn 
tocana 3ft Extremadura 3ft- sporting Gllon 35; 
Espanyot 34; Hercules 2ft Lognmes 28; Sevil- 
la 27. 


Bayern Munldi 5ft Bayer Leverkusen 5ft VfB 
Stirttgart 53. Borusski Do rtraund 5ft Bochum 
4ft 1 860 Munich 39, Schafte 39; Kartsnjhe 3ft 
Wenfer Bremen 3ft Barassto Maenchenglad- 
badi 35. Dutsburg 35; Cologne 34; Hanburg 
31, AratbHii BMefeid 31; Fortune Duessel- 
dorf 2ft Hansa Rostock 27. St Pauli 27; 

ROfCH non division 

PSV Etodhavan 62. Feyenomd ttZ Twente 
Enschede 5 ft Ajax Amstenkan 48; Heeien- 
veen 47; VBesse Anthem 44; Roda JC 
Koriaode 4ft NAC Biedo 3ft Graafsdtop 
hina SHtord 31; Vtaendam 3ft wmem II Tilburg 
29; Spmto Rotterdam 2ft NEC Nijmegen 24 
RKC waatwUk 22; AZ AAunaarZl. 


Baltimore —Released INF Drew Den- 

Boston— S igned DH Reggie Jefferson to 2- 
yearcontrad Bdenston, through 1999. 

Cleveland —Activated RHP Jose Mesa 
from restricted HsL Optioned RHP Bartoto 
Cottn to Buffalo IL DesJgrwted OF Trenktod 
Hubbard fra coal gnmerff. 

OETROn _ Slftied RHP Jose Baullsta to 1 - 
yeor contract. Optioned RHP Fernando Her- 
nandezto Tofeda II- Designated LHP Greg 
Whiteman for ami gnmanL 
kamias cmr —Activated C Mite Mnrfbr- 
lane from 1 Sttay disabled ScL Oplloned C Sal 
Fasono to WkJiHa. AA_- 
min NEStTA-Put OF Marty Cantovaanl5- 
day (fisabled Bsl 

N EWYon ky A ll kees—P ui OF Do rn4 Straw- 
berry and RHP Dwtght Gooden on 15-day 
disabled Bst Adlvatod OF Tim Raines and 
RHP Rambo Mendoza. 

Oakland —Put LHP BUy Brewer on 15- 
daydsttfed list, retroactive to Aprilft Bought 
contract of RHP Aaron Smafl from Eifeqon- 
ton, PCI— 

Seattle— P ut RHP Jasias Monza rdito an 
15-day disabled list. 


Chicago— Optioned RHP Dave 
Swartzbaugh to ktwa, AA. RecoSed OF 
Brooks KfeschnWc from Iowa. 

anaNNATi —Recalled RHP Hector Car- 
rasco from liKriormpaas, AA. Des I Rntted 
RHP Scott Service tor asstgranent Recoiled 
SS Pokey Reese tram fadtonapoOs. AA. Op- 
tioned OF Ozzie Timmons to Indanapotb. 

lbs amgeles -Optioned INF and 
FanvUetoAtouguarauft PCI- Aahxtted INF 
Nelson Uriano from )5-doy disabled Dst- 
Ptr. MET5— Put LHP Yorkls Perez an 15- 
day dlsabted 8sL Bought contract of LHP 
Brian Bahanon tram Norfolk. IL PutOF Andy 
Tomberfln on 15-day ifeBbled Bst mtroactfve 
n April 10. ReatHed OF Matt Franco from 
Norfolk. IL 

st.lduis— P ut 2B Roberto Mefkt on 154toy 
dlsabted IH. Recalled INF Steve Samtone 
ham LoutsvCta. AA. Tronsferred RHP Brian 
Barber framl 5- to 60-doy disabled Bst 
son dbnbted Bst and optioned him to Phoenix. 
PCL. Put OF SUm Javier on restricted flu 
Adtvted INF Mark Lewis from 15-doy dfe- 












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PAGE 24 


Dial N for Nobody 

is the most frightening 
piece of news I have had to 
pass on to the reader for some 
.tune: Nobody is there any- 
more and nobody knows 
where anybody’s gone. 

What proof do I have? For 
the past year I 
have been tele- 
phoning peo- 
ple all over the 
United States 
only to discov- 
er Chat they're 
not there. They 
have been re- 
placed by voice 
machines and 
answering services. If then- 
voice machine doesn't re- 
spond, a secretary or an op- 
erator does. “I would like to 
speak to Merrill Yavinsky.” 

“Just a minute. I’D see if 
he’s here.” 

“Why," I think to myself, 
“Doesn’t his secretary know 
if he's there or not? Does he 
climb in and out of his window 
when he leaves the office?” 

Ya vinsky's secretary re- 
turns to tell me, “I'm sony 
but be’ $ not here.” 

“When be is there, will 
you tell him to call me?” 

“I could do that bur would 
you prefer to leave a message 
on his voice mail, so I won’t 
have to be bothered?” 

Keeping Up the Olympia 

Age nee France-Prexxe 

PARIS — Paris’s top pop- 
ular music venue, L’ Olympia, 
reached the end of an era 
Monday as it lowered its cur- 
tain for a complete face- lift. 
The concert hall, is to be al- 
most completely rebuilt over 
the next seven months. The 
19th-century facade will re- 
main untouched, but die 
2,000-seat auditorium is to be 
demolished and rebuilt sev- 
eral meters lower. 

My next call was to Dr. 
John Redhead. A voice 
answered by saying. “Your 
call is very important to us. 
While waiting for a response, 
please join in singing Han- 
del's ’Messiah.' ” 

I was getting nowhere but I 
was not surprised. I called 
Mary Ann and Don Lynn in 
hopes of setting up a tennis 
game. Mary Ann’s voice said, 
“We’re not here right now, 
but we will pick up our mes- 
sages when we get back from 
Bali.'' Another call informed 
me that Debra Jacobson was 
not at her desk. This aroused 
my curiosity. I asked the per- 
son answering the phone. “If 
she’s not at ter desk, can you 
give me some idea how far 
from her desk she is?” 


This made the person 
really mad. She said frostily, 
“We are not permitted to tell 
you how for staff members 
are from their desks. It's 
against company policy.” 

I was determined to get 
through to someone just for die 
heck of it. My target was Ren 
Stair. I was told. “Mr. Starr is 
on a conference caLL” 

“Interrupt the call to tell 
him that I smashed into his car 
in the parking lot and Td like 
to give him die name of my 
insurance company.” 

The toughest call to make is 
when the voice on the other 
end says. "This is Lucy Hack- 
ney. Either I am not here right 
now or I could be on another 
call talking to the roofer. 
Please leave your name and 
I’ll get back to you unless the 
plumber calls me-firsL” 

Mart Slatldn told me his 
secret of how he gets some- 
one to answer his call. He 
said, “I tell the person who 
answers the phone, *lf Cly- 
desdale doesn't want to talk to 
me. I’m going to let my son 
marry his daughter.' ” 

The 3Ts: All in the Positive Jackson Family 

By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — None of the 3Ts are ready to say 
anything negative about anything. At 
least on the record. Probably off as well. 
Their image is 100 percent positive and it 
looks to be more than just image. 

They agree that they love Los Angeles, 
their hometown. What’s not to like? TTiey 
had happy, privileged childhoods — went to 
birthday parties, trick or treated, rode their 
bikes to friends’ houses, played Little 
League baseball. The sun was always shin- 

3T is a rising R&B group consisting of TJ, 
17, Taryll, 19, and Taj, 21. They are die sons 
of Tito Jackson, Michael's brother. Which 
makes them The Gloved One’s nephews. A 
moment of silence, please. They agree that 
their uncle is a hard act to follow. They agree 
with each other just about all the time. Some- 
times they seem interchangeable. 

They take their responsibilities as the next 
generation of Jacksons seriously. Or they say 
they do. No — they ready do. What you see 
here is pretty much what you get. Three well- 
brought up, healthy, good-natured, fortunate 
young men riding the American dream. 
Their confidence is palpable, fraternal com- 
plicity evident, their love of life is con- 

They were sitting in a cavernous state-of- 
the-art recording studio in the suburbs of 
Paris. Earlier in the day, it had taken Taj only 
four hours to oveidub a French version of a 
song from their album “Brotherhood” 
(Epic), even though be does not speak 
French. Taj said it wasn't too bard getting the 
pronunciation because he’s half Latino and 
he studied Spanish in school and heard Span- 
ish around the house all the time. 

They also heard classical music- around 
the house and. asked if he liked it, Taj 
bellowed "Yeah!" (You can read all about it 
in their official bio, they earn points liking 
classical music.) 

“Absolutely." agreed TJ. 

“Sensational." Taryll added. 

“Gosh.” TJ said. “Our dad and our mom 
and our uncle Michael all listen to classical 
music. And in the school we were in the 
choir. We sang Mozart and Beethoven.” 
"And Handel,” added TarylL 
Eldest brother Taj looked at him funny, 
laughed and clapped him on the back and 
said: “Handel?! what’s that all about? What 
do you know about Handel?” Taryll tried 

Taj, Taryll and TJ: “ Having a famous name in the family helps and hurts.’ 

Ontarian Rot 

putting on a convincing “more than you 
think" look. 

TJ Likes Tchaikovsky and he hummed a 
few bars from the “Nutcracker” suite. 

Tongue-in-cheek. Taj announced: 
“There’s something important I have to say. 
I was a music minor in college. I spent three 
years learning about Wagner and these 
people. I’m an expert.” 

After a beat of silence, Taryll assumed a 
mock askance look and shot back: “You 
mean that’s all? I thought- you said you had 
something important to say." 

What toe heck. Boys will be boys. The 
three Ts wanted to play professional baseball 
when they were students at Loyola Mary- 
raount University. “We definitely could 
have done that,” said Taj. “Some of the guys 

we played with are now professional. We 
would bave been good enough too. But we 
chose music.” 

Despite a four-year age spread toe three Ts 
have a tendency to use a collective pronoun 
as though they were joined at the hip. “It was 
tough for us,” Taj concluded. "A lot of 

formula more than urgency. Swig withal 
ohoov-feeling tenor breath-wpto, for- 
wftfc? we’ve got Uncle Michael to thank- 
in toe fimt place, synmy harmonies Soa£ 
more or less aimlessly in never-never > 
lapd. “Alternative soul’ ' is a sqrt of anti- 
t«n, like tap was anti-melody. 

Rap was about hip-top feduon as 
much as music. So far, 3T has resisted 
making a fashion statement of then- own. 
“Our fashion is being what we are," Tai 
said. (What you see is what you get) 
“First, we weary about how we sound 
singing-wise. We sing pop music. If we 

wear street clothes, we’re not going to be 

played on pop radio. Wbcn you wear 
street clothes and sing pop, all of a sudden 
people think you’re soft. ’ 

As TaryU began talking about how 
winning awards is only politics, Tito 
Jackson looked in the back door of the 
studio. “Hitchcock never won an 
Oscar,” Taryll said. “The Jacksons 
never won a Grammy.” 

‘ ’Hall of Fame Hall of Fame! " Tfto 
shouted from the back with a wide 

“Congratulations pop.’ ’ Taj replied. 
“Now get out of here. We’re doing an 
interview. Please leave.’ * With a giggle 
and lots of pride he explained: “He just 
got inducted in to toe rock ’n’ roll hall erf 
fame in Cleveland. But, see, we’re big- 
ger tb«n him now. We can talk to him 
like that.” 

Was this happy-family bit re- 
hearsed? No, certainly not. A pro forma 
question about the scandals surround- 
ing uncle Michael cannot be avoided. 
"It’s frustrating," TJ said. “Your 
famil y is one of your most protected things. 
It's not easy to hear those insults. But I think 
it’s male our family stronger. See, in reality, 
we only bave each other.’ 

Taryll added, leaning forward “It puts a 
lot of pressure on ns. But that only makes us 
work harder. We owe him. One of the rea- 
sons we could have a normal childhood was 


people said music was the easy way out sons we cuuiu nave a uuiuuu wm«u.wu 
3T is an example of the current revival of because Michael’s childhood was all bust- 
rhythm and blues, which has been called ness." 

“alternative soul.” Other names include “Journalists say rude things about the 

Toni Braxton, Babyface. Mariah Carey and 
Boyz H Men. They are inspired by Motown. 
The difference is swing, or toe lack of it. 
Should toe truth be told, you cannot really 
mention The Four Tops or Otis Redding in 
the same breath. 

Rhythm V blues has become a matter of 

family,*’ Taj added. “They make fun of us. 
They might not even talk about tire songs at 
all.- Then, of course, there’s the other side — 
people saying nice things and not meaning 
them. Flattering us, hustling us. That’s been 
ning, tike. 

Ts together: “All out lives!” 

Bw Kicnirflk A mb imb I ftw 

EARTHWORK — Strollers in downtown Stuttgart passing by a grass 
pyramid in the Schlosspark. The pyramid was erected by the German 
artist Hermann Grub to protest the increasing use of concrete in cities. 


T HE bankrupt French business ty- 
coon Bernard Tapie left prison 
Monday after a judge granted his re- 
quest for day-release custody, 10 weeks 
after he was jailed over a soccer match- 
rigging scandal. Tapie, who was jailed 
for eight months in February, was re- 
leased from the Luynes prison near Aix- 
en-Provence to be transferred to the 
day-release prison in Marseille. He will 
have to return to prison by 7:00 P.M. 
every day, and the day-release program 
will be suspended from May 12 to 30 
during a trial involving Tapie’s role in 
illegal funding of his former soccer 
club, Olympique de Marseille. 


Sverre Fefan, a 72-year-old Norwe- 
gian architect, has been awarded the 
Pritzker Architecture Prize for 1997. 
Fehn initially came to prominence with 
his design for the Norwegian Pavilion at 
the 1958 Brussels World's Fair. While 
the list of his completed projects is re- 
latively small, numbering only 1 1 build- 
ings to date, it includes major projects 
tike the Glacier Museum in Fjaerfand, 

Norway (1991). and the Hedmark Mu- 
seum in Hamar, Norway (1979). Es- 
tablished by the Hyatt Foundation in 
1979, die Pritzker Prize is widely con- 
sidered architect’s highest honor. 


The publicity-shy Camilla Parker 
Bowles, Britain’s most famous “other 
woman,” stepped into a charity role on 
Monday that will put her in the spotlight. 
Parker Bowles, whom Princess Diana 
blamed in part for the breakup of her 
marriage to Prince Charles, became a 
patron of the National Osteoporosis So- 
ciety. Her role will involve fund-raising 
and publicizing the illness. 


Ingmar Bergman has angered the 
director of the Cairnes film festival fry 
declining to come to pick up a special 
award, a newspaper said Monday. The 
Swedish director is to be awarded a 
special Golden Palm at the festival in 
May. He says he is busy on a book 
inject and cannot go, according to 
ydsvenska DagbladeL “We feel hu- 

miliated,” Gitles Jacob, the festival di- 
rector, was quoted as saying. 


Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright and the golfer Tiger Woods are 
among toe 25 most influential people in 
America. Time magazine says. The an- 
nual list of die most influential, selected 
by the magazine’s editors and staff, also 
included such varied personalities as the 
pop star Babyface Edmonds, Treas- 
ury Secretary Robert Rubin and the 
comic-strip character Dtibert. “These 
are people who have accomplished 
something subtle and difficult.” Time 


The country singer Travis Trttt ser- 
enaded model Theresa Nelson with his 
hit, “More Than You'll Ever Know,” 
when they were married over the week- 
end at bis home outside Atlanta. More 
than 300 guests attended toe wedding, 
including the recording artists Tanya 
Tucker, Lari White and Gary Ross- 
ington of the group Lynyrd SkynyrtL 

Stella McCartney will take over as 
the designer for Chloe. Page 1L 

do as the 172-1011's do. 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 
makes calling home and to other countries really easy. 
Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country you’re 
calling from and you'll get the fastest, clearest connec- 
tions home. And be sure to charge your calls on your 
AT&T Calling Card. It’ll help you avoid outrageous 
phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to ■ 
60 %* So when in Rome (or anywhere else for that 
matter), do as many business travelers do. Use AT&t 
Please check the list below for AT&T Access Numbets. 

AT&T Access Numbers 

Slips lo Mo* for easy calling worldwide 
1. Jus dial the AT&T Access .Number for the ewuroy you 
are calling from 

1 Dial the phone number you're calling. 

3 Rial the calling cad number listed above your name. 

. s* , 

Austria «o 


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United Maflttan*. 







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Souft Africa 


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