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INTERNATIONAL 


‘S. ■>. 

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V 



(tribune 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 

f h cV ; 

R London, Thursday, April 17, 1997 



No. 35.49F 


M . r L 


-A. 


-il 
■ -4 




From China, a Horrid View of Korean Famine 


By Sooni Efron 

LtuAngelet Timn Service 


"nJMEN , China — On the Chinese side of the 
broad nver here is<a boomtown with bright lights, tall 
cranes and gleaming new buildings springing up 
mud open sewers and shacks. On die other-bank « 
me North Korean city of Namyang, where factories 
are shut, water service is sporadic and on a recent 
night only tore tiny lights could be seen twinkling. 

Homfied Chinese visitors are crossing the long 
badge that links North Korea with this Chinese town 
and are returning with tales of a hunger far more 
harrowing than anything Western aid workers have 


been permitted to observe. And in a rare breach of the 
Stalinist state’s code of silence, a recently arrived 
North Korean woman confirmed this week the fam- 
ine in her country, telling of v. infer mornings when 
she passed corpses of children who had died of 
hunger and cola in the streets. 

Her face streamed with fears as she told of families 
committing suicide, parents splitting up to scour the 
countryside for food and aban toned children begging 
in railroad stations, even in Pyongyang, die capital. 

The North Korean government’s admission that 
1 34 children have died of malnutrition is "a totaHie,” 
she charged. Instead, she said. North Koreans believe 
that at least 100,000 people have perished since 1995 


of malnutrition, cold and lack of medicine. She told of 
trading away precious quilts for food and spending 
evenings guarding her few remaining belongings 
against famished thieves and marauding soldiers. 

Also, she said, any notion of egalitarian unity in 
North Korea had been shattered because hungry 
workers and soldiers have seen Communist Party 
elites and military officers divert foreign rice for 
themselves while giving the workers imported an- 
imal fodder. 

“In the past we never complained, but now it is 
different,” she said. But while the bitterness and 

See KOREA, Page 7 


Progress 
■ On Korean 
Peace Talks 

U.S. k Optimistic North. 
Will Join 4-Wby Process 

Ctmt&d by Oir Siqff Plan Dapisdm 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States reported early progress on Wed- 
nesday in talks with North and South 
• Korea on a proposal for formal Korean 
£ peace talks that would include China. 

gress that has°been made,” the^State 
Department spokesman, Nicholas 
Bums, said after a morning of talks in 
New York between delegations from 
the two Koreas and the United States. 

U.S. officials have been optimistic 
Pyongyang would respond positively to 
Washington's year-old joint proposal 
with South Korea for four-party peace 
talks that would finally close the books 
on the 195&-53 Korean War, replacing a 
fraying armistice with a peace treaty. 

"We hope very much mat as aresoit of 
these talks North Korea will decide to 
agree with the four-party proposal,” Mr. 
Bums said. He based his upbeat assess- 
ment on a telephone conversation with 
the chief US. negotiator, Deputy As- 
sistant Secretary of State Charies-Kart- 
man, during a lunch break in the talks at 
the UN Plaza Hotel in New York. 

“The talks are under way on a tri- 
lateral basis.” Mr. Bums said ‘ ‘They’re 
going well. We’re certainly encouraged 
by the first few hours of the talks, and we 
hope very much for a positive result 
from these discussions.” 

North Korea publicly was upbeat as 
the meeting began. ‘ T tonk we will crane 
out with good results,” Kim Gye Gwan, 
Pyongyang's delegation chief, told Ws 
South Korean counterpart during a pic- 
ture-taking session with journalists. 

Seoul’ s chief negotiator. Song Young 
Shik, was also in an jovial mood, laugh- 
ing, engaging in chit-chat with Mr. Kim 
and saying he hoped the meeting would 
reflect the warm spring day that bad 
enveloped New York. 

But the South Korean press attach^, Ji 
Won Suh, was more cautious about the 
outcome. He said the North Koreans 
made a * 'presentation” during winch 
they said “there are difficulties.” 

U.S. and Somh Korean negotiators 
were ready for marathon talks that 
would not produce a conclusive reply 
until Friday. But Mr. Bums i n d icated 
the extra session would not be needed. 

The formal peace negotiations could 
be gin in June or July after further prep- 
aration, inducting consultations with 
Beijing. _ 

It was thought North Korea might 
make a final pitch for more food aid 
after two years of shortages, due to 
flooding, that the United States, as well 
as humanitarian groups, agree are dev- 
astating and worsening. 

On Wednesday, the United Stares an- 
nounced it would ship $15 million 
worth of com to North Korea to assist 
2.4 million children under age 6, bring- 
ing total U.S. food aid to Pyongyang to 
$33.4 million since late 1995. 

Mr. Bums said the new donation was 
not linked to acceptance of the peace 
talks offer. (Reuters. AP. AFP) 


Toll Reaches 343 in Fire at Pilgrims’ Camp Near Mecca 



Tam Mo0ol/Aflenec Ftanec-Pres* 

Relatives of pilgrims checking an official fist of victims* names Wednesday in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. More 
than L300 Muslims were injured in the fire during the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Page 7. 


Major Faces Growing Revolt in Party 

3 Cabinet Ministers Join the Dissenters on Europe’s Single Currency 


By Fred Barbash 

Washington Post Service 


LONDON — The lid blew Wed- 
nesday on the Conservative Party 's at- 
tempts to contain its deep divisions dur- 
ing Britain’s general election campaign, 
further diminishing its chances of being 
in power two weeks from now. ‘ 

The fuse was the familiar issue of 
European integration, and it presented 
Prime Minister John Major with an open 


revolt that he was unable to suppress. 
Roughly one-fifth of his party s par- 
liamentary candidates, including three 
cabinet ministers, dissented from the 
party line by declaring that they would 
rule out participation in the European 
single currency planned for 1999. 

The official Tory position, carefully 
crafted to prevent just such an outbreak, 
is that Britain should “wait and see,” 
with a final decision depending on 
whether or not the details of the pro- 



IfpmicSarfkyTtw AaraMninns 

Lady Thatcher and her successor, Mr. Major, campaigning Wednesday. 


European monetary union suit 
Jritain’s interests. 

The issue does not rank near the top in 
polls of voter concerns. But party unity, 
strong leadership and the ability to gov- 
ern coherently do. Wednesday’s events 
suggest that the party is disintegrating, 
said Robert Worcester, ODe of Britain's 
leading pollsters. “It is an image is- 
sue,” he said, demonstrating the prime 
minister's “weakness and inability to 
wield authority over his own people.” 

Mr. Major, who has been grinning 
and bearing the dissent so far. treated it 
as a crisis, reprimanding the ministers 
and pleading for unity. 

In a television broadcast, Mr. Major 
said it would be unwise to make a de- 
cision on the single-currency question 
now but said that if the government 
thought Britain should join is a single 
currency, the decision would then be 
referred to a referendum. 

“1 will not take Britain into a single 
currency,” he said. “Only the British 
nation can do that.” 

He begged the rebels not to send him 
“naked” into coming European Union 
negotiations over the single currency. 
“Like me or loathe me, do not bind my 
hands when I am negotiating on behalf 
of the British nation,” he said. 

The opposition Labour Parry leader. 
Tony Blair, called it “a defining mo- 
ment” of die campaign. It shows the 
divisions are so deep within the Con- 
servative Party," he said, “that even in 
an election campaign they are incapable 
of being led. And if they are incapable of 
being led. they are incapable of forming 
a government that can press the national 
interest.” 

Many analysts, including Mr. 

See TORIES, Page 7 


By Julia Preston 
New York Times Service 



Spanish: Who Has Last Word ? 

New World’s Voices Are Raised to Declare Independence 

ter of the Spanish language — and 
whether it should, or "can, have any 
m aste r at all. 

In the age of conquest, die language 
of Spain was its medium for spreading 
its culture and dominion across the New 
World. But in modem times, the lan- 
guage that bears Spam's name has es- 
caped its control. 

Spaniards now constitute no more 
than 10 percent of the 400 million 
jle who speak Spanish. Spanish has 
te one of the world's megaJan- 
5 . along with Mandarin, English, 
and Arabic. Three living Nobel 
laureates in literature write in Spanish. 

Yet opto now, Spanish speakers have 
shown surprisingly little interest in ex- 
ploring the implications of sharing a 
common idiom. 

Seeking to improve the status of the 
Spanish language. President Ernesto 
Zedillo of Mexico invited King Juan 


ZACATECAS, Mexico — Behind 
the decorous colonial facades of this 
city an epic battle of words has been 
under way to deteimine who is the mas- 


Ncwsstand Prices 


Bahrain 1000 Din Malta. 


-55 c. 


Cyprus ....~.C.£ 1.00 Nigere...125 1 00 Naira 
Denrart .-14.00 DKr. Oman — 1 - 250 ?®* s 
Finland — 12.00 FM. 

S. 0.85 Rep. Ireland. JR £ 1.00 


GteatBftetT-iOJO 

Emot £E5J50 S. Africa -R12+ VAT 

J 1.2S0JD UAE^mOOWi 

Kenya-.-K.Sa 160 U& W. (EurO-.Sra 
Kuwait .600 Ffe ZW»bwB.-aftS30JP 




805049* 


16 


See SPANISH, Page 7 


AGENDA 


Russia Agrees to Abolish Death Penalty 


The Dollar 


New Yort Wednesday 9 A P.M. pmtouscfcsa 


DM 


1.7288 


1.727 


Pound 


1.6248 


1.6288 


Yen 


125.775 


128.126 


5.812 


5m 26 



+92.71 


8679.87 


S&P 500 


6557.16 


dungs Wednesday 9 4 PM. prevtoua dose 


4 & 8 I 


783.53 


754.72 


RAGE TWO 

Sharks Become High-Seas Prey 

THE AMERICAS Paga3. 

flawed Practices at the FBI Lab 

ASUWFACIFtC Page 4. 

Indian Parties Bicker Over Power 


STRASBOURG (AFP) — Russia 
signed a European protocol Wednes- 
day on the abolition of the death pen- 
alty. signaling its intention to scrap 
capital punishment, as it promised 
more than a year ago. 

In a statement, the Council of 
Europe said Russia’s permanent en- 
voy to the Council,. Yevgeni Prok- 
horov, had signed the protocol of the 
European Convention of Human 
Rights, which commits signatories to 
abolishing the death penalty. The 
Russian Parliament must now ratify 
the protocol for it to come into force. 


Books Page 10. 

Crossword Page 6. 

Opinion Pages 8-9. 

Sports Pages 20-21. 

In ter na t io nal Ctesgffled 


.iht.corn 




Netanyahu Faces 
Indictment Over 
Cronyism Scandal 

Israeli Police Push for Charges ; 
Prosecutor to Decide by Monday 


By Serge Schmemann 

Sew York Times Service 

JERUSALEM — A police investi- 
gation into allegations of influence-ped- 
dling in the Israeli government has con- 
cluded with the politically explosive 
recommendation that charges be 
brought against Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu for fraud and breach 
of trust, officials said Wednesday. 

Though it remained for the attorney 
general and the state attorney to decide 
whether indictments should be handed 
down against Mr. Netanyahu and three 
other senior politicians who are said to 
be named in the police report, the rev- 
elation that the prime minister had been 
implicated touched off a political crisis, 
raising serious questions about the gov- 
ernment's ability to survive. 

The stale prosecutor, however, could 
decide to ignore the recommendation. 
The prosecutor, Edna Arbei. has said 
she will make an announcement before 
the start of the Passover holiday on 
Monday evening. 

Mr. Netanyahu made no comment, 
but his spokesmen insisted that the 
prime minister would emerge clean. 

Asked what would happen if pros- 
ecutors pressed charges. Reuters report- 
ed that Health Minister Yehoshua 
Matza told Israel Radio: “Perhaps it 
will be lo go back to elections.” 

But initial political commentaries 
predicted that Mr. Netanyahu, who has 
been at the eye of one crisis after another 
in his 10 months in office, would hang 
tough. The question for now was wheth- 
er members of his cabinet would begin 
resigning. None of the ministers made 
any public comments, though commen- 
tators noted that several ministers, in- 
cluding Natan Sharansky. Avigdor Ka- 
li alani, Livor Limnat and Dan Meritor, 
would have serious problems staying in 
the government if indictments were 
banded down. 

There was no information on what 
Mr. Netanyahu was accused of in the 

? >lice report. Mr. Netanyahu's lawyer. 

aakov Weinroth. obviously distraught 
at having to defend the prime minister 
against charges he had not seen, said he 
was told only that the police recom- 
mendation against the prime minister 
was conditional on further investigation 


by the attorney general. 

The affair centered on accusations, 
first aired in January by Israeli tele- 
vision. that the short-lived appointment 
of a lawyer named Rani Bar-On as 
anomey general came about as the re- 
sult of behind-the-scenes manipulations 
by the leader of the Orthodox Shas 
party. Arieh Deri. 

Mr. Deri has been on trial for several 
years on corruption charges, and the 
accusation was that he tried to push Mr. 
Bar-On's nomination in his own in- 
terests, apparently to forestall the ap- 
pointment of another candidate. Though 
not a minister in the government. Mir. 
Deri carries considerable clout as head 
of Shas. which is part of Mr. Netan- 
yahu's coalition. In fact, Mr. Bar-On 
withdrew his nomination wi thin 48 
hours, after a torrent of accusations that 
he was not qualified for the job. 

After 12 weeks of intensive inves- 
tigation, which involved questioning 60 
witnesses, the police Tuesday handed 
the state attorney their 995-page report, 
which was supposed to remain con : 
fidential until Mrs. Arbei and Attorney 
General Elyakim Rubinstein decided 
whether to press charges. But already 
Tuesday, the Israeli press and television 
reported that the police had recommen- . 
ded charging Mr. Deri with extortion, 
and charging Justice Minister Tzahi 
Hanegbi and Avigdor Lieberman. the 
director-general of the prime minister’s 
office, with bteach of trust and fraud in 
supporting Mr. Bar-On's nomination. 


Burma Is Warned 
On U.S. Sanctions 

Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright has put the Burmese lead- 
ership “on notice," warning that 
ibe military regime could face U.S. 
investment sanctions if repression 
was not lifted. 

Mrs. Albright also said in a 
speech at die U.S. Naval Academy 
that she would go to Hong Kong to 
represent the United Stales in die 
ceremonies marking the return of 
the British colony to Chinese rule on 
July 1 . Page 7. 


Tobacco Firms Meet Foes 
To ‘Solve Social Problem’ 


By Brian Knowiton 

I nie manorial Herald Tribune 


WASHINGTON — The two largest 
U.S. cigarette makers are meeting with 
anti-smoking forces in pursuit of an 
agreement that would dramatically alter 
the tobacco companies* practices while 
attempting, in die grandiose description 
of one participant, “to solve the social 
problem of smoking.” 

Such an agreement would effectively 
cap the industry's smoking-related li- 
ability. In exchange, companies would 
accept tight curbs on advertising, 
stronger federal regulation of smoking, 
and industry payments of perhaps hun- 
dreds of billions of dollars into a fund to 
compensate smokers, the parties said. 

One person involved in the talks said 
that money had not yet been discussed, 
and there were many uncertainties as to 
the final outcome of the talks. 

Bui a settlement along the lines pub- 
licized Wednesday would require con- 


cessions once considered unimaginable 
from the tobacco industry. 

Top executives of Philip Moms Cos. 
and RJR Nabisco Holdings Corp. were 
meeting in suburban Virginia with 
spokesmen from anti-smoking groups, 
as well as health-care officials and the 
attorneys general of six states — Flor- 
ida. Minnesota. Connecticut, Missis- 
sippi. Washington, and Arizona — that 
have been active in pushing anti-tobacco 
suits. The two companies at the talks 
were also representing Loews Corp.'s 
Lorillard unit and BAT Industries PLC’s 
Brown & Williamson subsidiary. 

A participant in the talks. John Coale. 
whose litigation group is involved in 
more than 15 class-action suits against 
tobacco makers, described the anti- 
smokers' aims in sweeping toms. 

“We are negotiating," he said, “to 
solve the social problem of smoking.” 
He said the “industry wants to help. ’ 

See TOBACCO, Page 7 


Paris, the Writer’s Notebook 

But the ’20s and ’50s Are Over for American Authors 


By Alan Riding 

New York rimes Sen-ire 


PARIS — ■ At first, American writers 
came to Paris as much to escape Pro- 
hibition . censorship and discrimination 
in the United Stales as to enjoy a bo- 
hemian lifestyle. Later, a stint in Paris in 
pursuit of the ghosts of Ernest Hem- 
ingway or Henry Miller or James Bald- 
win became part of the rite of passage 
for a good many aspiring American 
novelists. 

Today, American writers keep com- 
ing to Paris, but they do so for far 
simpler reasons. They have no need to 
flee home, and few seem drawn by 
nostalgia far the 1920s or the 1950s. 
Rather, most come, it seems, because 
Paris is still Paris, a city wiib an an dr 
vivre — a cafg and street life and a 
cultural ambience unlike anything -\.y 
might find in the United States. 

They may know each other, but there 
is nothing to resemble the circle of 


writers who crowded Gertrude Stein’s 
salon between the two wars. Now their 
principal reason for being here is 
France, not other writers. 

“In Hemingway's day. everyone 
they knew spoke English,” said Ed- 
mund White. 57. a novelist and bio- 
grapher who moved to Paris in the mid- 
1980s. “The writers here now are in- 
terested in French culture.” 

Yet they remain outsiders, and this 
adds to the appeal of being here. They 
can savor the complexity, inaccessib- 
ility and otherness of French society to 
the full. But they also frequently come 
to view the United States in a new light 
And in the end, it is la difference be- 
tween France and the United States that 
provides arichly embroidered backdrop 
to their lives. 

Diane Johnson, who moved here 
semipermanently only three years ago, 
has focused with humor ana relish on 

See PARIS, Page 7 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Conservationists Sound Alarm, / 1 OO Million Sharks Killed a Year 


A Feared Predator Becomes a High-Seas Prey 


By Michael Richardson 

l niemdanal Herald Tribune 


S YDNEY — Gerald Rauch was doing an 
underwater navigation exercise recently 
as part of a diving course in a tranquil cove 
near one of die palm-fringed islands in the 
Whitsunday groim off the northeast coast of Aus- 
tralia when he feu a sharp tug on Ms left arm. 

At first be thought it was Ms diving instructor. 
“But when I turned around, I came face to face 
with a very large shark,” he said. 

Mr. Rauch, 30, had come from Daly to explore 
the coral wonderland of Australia's Great Bar- 
rier Reef, but ended up in hospital for surgery to 
repair his arm after toe apparently unprovoked 
att a ck by a two-meter shark. 

The attack on Mr. Rauch was one of seven by 
sharks against humans reported in Australia this 
year. Yet despite die dread that sharks evoke, 
statistics show that, even in Australia, the chance 
of a shark attack is minuscule. 

Indeed, just over 20 years after Steven Spiel- 
berg helped to demonize sharks with his movie 

A number^of scientists and fisheries officials 
warn that excessive hunting for their fins, meat, 
skins and other valuable products could lead to 
the extinction of some species. 

Earlier this month, die National Marine Fish- 
eries Service in die United States applied new 
rules that cut by half the quotas on commercial 
harvests of large coastal sharks in U.S. waters 
and imposed a quota for the first time on catches 
of small coastal sharks. 

As harvesting of many other kinds of edible 
fish in -the world's oceans has drastically de- 
pleted their numbers, increased targeting of 
sharks by fishermen in recent years has caused 
stocks to plummet by as much as 80 percent for 
some Atlantic species, U.S. officials say. 

The Worldwide Fund for Nature, based in 
Switzerland, “is becoming increasingly alarmed 
about the state of sharks around die world,'' said 
Michael Sutton, director of the fund’s En- 
dangered Seas Campaign. “Sharks are ex- 
tremely vulnerable to overfishing.” 

Australia and the United States are among the 
few countries that regulate their shark fisheries. 

“Shark fishing amounts to open season on the 
high seas, because very few shark fisheries are 
subject to any form of management by national 
or international authorities.” Mr. Sutton said. 


R ESEARCHERS say more than 100 mil- 
lion sharks are killed each year, many 
for their dorsal fins alone, winch are in 
growing demand for Chinese cuisine in 
Asia. Hie fins ate easy for fishermen to transport 
and preserve by sun drying. They fetch up to $90 
a kilogram in die mam centers of Singapore and 
Hong Kong, to a study by Traffic, the 

fund's wildlife monitoring program. 

“Shark fins are among me world’s most ex- 
pensive fisheries commodities, and their value has 
risen sharply in the last decade,” as demand in 
0nna and other growing economies of Asia in- 
creases, Traffic said. Shark meat “is increasingly 
popular in many markets around the world.”' 

Shark skins are tanned to produce a high- 
quality leather while the liver oil is used in die 



lions of no more than 14 pops and breed only 
once in two years. 

There are about 380 known species of sharks, 
ranging from 20-centimeter (8-inch) lantern 
sharks to massive (but harmless to humans) 
whale sharks, which can grow to 12 meters. 

Scientists say that more than half of all sharks 
grow to less than one meter in length and only a 
relatively few species — mainly the great white 
shade, tiger shark and several species of whaler 
sharks, including the bronze whaler and white 
tipped reef shark — attack hrrmann. 

Records show that most attacks" involve - a 


Citing Threat ^ 
Of Terrorism, 
Israel Closes 
West Bank 


The Associated Pros • , 

JERUSALEM — Citing new warn- 
ings of terrorism by Islamic militants, 
krael ordered the Wear Bank closet*, 
indefinitely Wednesday and told sol-** 
diers to hitchhike only armed and ip.’ 

. . I PrMl'rWit ■ 


single defensive or inquisitive bite. 

“Great white shacks were made to hunt mar- 


ine mammals, said Kon lay lor, a byaney- 
based underwater filmmaker who, wife has wife, 
Valerie, has spent years recording shark be- 
havior. “The only way it can really investigate 
something is by feeling- with its teeth.” 

To conserve declining stocks, most state gov- 
ernments in eastern Australia have banned the 
killing of great white sharks — die most feared 
of the large sea hunters — in waters they control 
up to throe miles from the coast. Breach of the 
law carries a fine of 20,000 Australian dollars 
($16,000) and/or up to six months in jail. 

Australia's federal government has said it 
would extend the ban out to the edge of the 
country’s 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zone 
when all states introduce uniform laws. 


*The alert came hours before President* 
Bill Clinton's Mideast envoy, Dennis-. 
Ross, was to me«£'wilh Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem and . 
laterwith Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian., 
leader, in Gaza City to try to rescue thq;- 


T HE GREAT white shark, which can 
reach seven meters in length and more 
than two tons in weight, is also protected 
in South Africa, the Maldives and in 
California and Florida because of dectining num- 
bers. “Years of irrational hatred and indiscrim- 
inate hunting and destruction have taken their 
toll,” said Bob Martin, fisheries minister for the 
Australian state of New South Wales. “It is time 
to stop demonizing tile species and start rec- 
ognizing it as a fine example of top-of-tbe-chain 
evolution.” 

Conservationists want Australia and the 
United States to rally support for international 
protection of the great white shark under the 
Conv enti on on Internati onal Trade in En- 
dangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 
(CITES), wnich meets every four years. 

Moves to protect the great white shark and 
regulate shade fisheries face fierce opposition 
from some fishermen and fishing nations, and 
skepticism from a beach-going public that fears 
protection may cause increased shark attacks. 

“For a government to protect something that 
can tear your children apart in seconds is brain- 
less,” «aid Vic Hislop, an Australian profes- 
sional gharlr hunter. 

But scientists say that sharks perform the same 
viral function as predators and scavengers in the 
ocean as large carnivores do in ecosystems on 
land. By preying on weak or poorly adapted fish 
and marine mammals, only those that are strong 
and healthy survive to reproduce. 

, .‘‘It’ sDarwin’s survival of the fittest at work,” 

: said Craig Sowden of the Sydney Aquarium. “If 
you remove sharks, you are interfering with the 
natural aider thai_makes fish and other sea 
creatures stronger by selective culling.” 


M»cc MwnUUmlcd Pno I 

The U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service has cut by half quotas on commercial 
harvests of large coastal sharks. This great white shark was taken off Long Island. 


textile and tanning industries and in the man- 
ufacture of lubricants, cosmetics, vitamins and 

^UnMreother /ishwhich have bone skeletons, 
sharks and their close relatives, such as rays and 
skates, have skeletons made of cartilage. It is 
used in the manufacture of fishmeal and, more 
recently. a treatment fgr cancer.;.., t ..... . . j 
In Costa Rica, a company ‘that'-'diaikets ■ 
crushed shark cartilage to American .and 
European pharmaceutical firms has; seen its 
monthly production soar from 3,000 to’22500 


pounds (1,400 to 10.000 kilograms) in the last 
few years, according to the Washington-based 


few years, according to the Washington-based 
Center for Marine Conservation. 

The main shark fishing nations include Ar- 
gentina, Brazil. Britain, France. India. Indonesia, 
Italy, Japan, Malaysia, the Maldives. Mexico. 
New Zealand, Pakistan. Portugal, South Korea, 
Spain, Sri Ijiika, Taiwan and the United-States. 

S cientist s say that sharks are very vulnerable 
to overfaarvesting because they tend to grow 
slowly .mature late and produce few offspring. 
The great white shark, for example, takes about 


The chief Palestinian peace negotiv, 
ator said that Mr. Ross’s mission wouldj; 
fail unless he persuaded Mr. Netanyahu 
to stop a construction project in East, 
Jerusalem. 

‘‘No credibility can be restored to the 
peace process while the bulldozers con- 
tinue to work on this mountain,” said, 
Saeb Erekat, standing at the site where 
Israel began building a 6500-apartmenC. 
complex last month. 

On Malta, meanwhile, Mr. Arafat mrt 
with Foreign MBmster David Levy of* £ 
Israel in the first high-level contacts in a- 
month. The meeting came after Arab 
and European diplomats pressured the* 
two to talk during a conference of 27 
European and Mediterranean countries. . 

feraeli-Paiestinian contacts broke 
down after Mr. Netanyahu ordered the- 
start of construction in the part of Jer- 
usalem where the Palestinians hope re- 
establish a capital. 

The issue has triggered daily riots in.; 
the West Bank and three bombings by- 
Ttiawfe militants tb a * killed the three'.' 
s ggpiiwnfy and three Israeli women. 

The West Bank was calm Wednesday ^ 
as Palestinians prepared for the four-day. 
Muslim holiday that commemorates the . 
prophet Abraham’s readiness to sac-.* 
rifice his son for God. The holiday be-„ 


West Bank cities were packed withv 
shoppers buying clothes and shoes fog. 
them children, flaky honey-soaked' 
sweets and goat meat. _ 

Palestinian activists involved ini* 
stone-throwing in the last few weeks 
apparently decided on a lull to allow., 
everyone to have a quiet holiday. . .r 
Israeli officials said that there were- 
concrete warnings that Islamic militants^ 
were plotting attacks against Israelis. 

As a result, Israeli troops sealed the; 
West Batik, barring the more than 1" 
million Palestinians living there from: 

enteringlsrael.__ . . — 

~ Israeli soldiers frequently hitchhike.' 
from home to base andback, and several- 
have been kidnapped. by Islamic milt:' 
i tants wbo picked them up at hitch-- 
hiking posts and Later murdered them. 


Zdenek Mlynar, Figure 
In Prague Spring, Dies 


TRAVEL UPDATE • Retired U.S. Officer Won’t Fade Away 


Eurostar’s First-Class Taxi Deal 


The Associated Press 

VIENNA — Zdenek 
Mlynar, 66, a leader of tbe 
Czechoslovak Communist 
Party during the 1968 Prague 
Spring reform movement, 
died of lung cancer Tuesday, 
the Austria Press Agency re- 
ported. 

Mr. Mlynar, a onetime fel- 
low student in Moscow of 
Mikhail Gorbachev, turned 
from devoted party function- 
ary to one or the most out- 
spoken critics of the Com- 
munist regime. 

As Central Committee sec- 
retary of the party under Al- 
exander Dubcek. he was an 
important figure in the move- 
ment for “socialism with a 
human face.” 

Mir. Mlynar was expelled 
from toe party in 1970. Seven 
years later, he co-founded 


Charier 77, an appeal for the 
Czechoslovak party and gov- 
ernment to respect human 
rights. He was forced into ex- 
ile in 1977. 


John T. Landry, 73; 
Made ‘Marlboro Man’ 

NEW YORK (NYT) — 
John Thomas Landry, 73. 
whose knack for marketing 
helped turn Marlboro into the 
world’s largest-selling ciga- 
rette and whose love of horse 
racing inspired the Marlboro 
Cup, died of cancer on 
Sunday at his home in 
Bronxville, New York. 

Mr. Landry spent mosr of 
his career at I%ilip Morris 
Cos.. He reached the top of 
his profession in 1963, when 
he oversaw development of 
the “Marlboro Country” ad- 
vertising campaigns. 


LONDON (AP) — Eurostar, the company that operates the 
Channel Tunnel passenger trains, is hoping to take more 
business from airlines by offering first-class passengers free 
taxi rides from the train station into central London or Paris. 

Eurostar executives said Wednesday that their Dew “Premi- 
um First* ' round-trip tickets between London and Paris would 
cost £370 ($610) — about the same as first-class air fare — but 
taxi rides to and from the train stations would be included. 


By Bradley Graham 

Washington Post Service 


Air Portugal Sets a 2-Day Strike 


LJSBON(AFP) — A dispute over pilots' working hours wil] 
ground TAP-Air Portugal planes on April 24 and April 23. 

The pilots’ union called the industrial action after talks with 
management broke down Tuesday. Tbe union says TAP-Air 
Portugal makes a frequent practice of calling pilots into work 
on their weekly days off or during their holidays. 


Malaysia Airlines will begin flying to Cairo by October. 
Tbe Malaysian transport minister said rising demand because 
of increased business contacts and tourism had p romp te d 
Egypt and Malaysia to establish the link. (AP) 



India has ordered foreign and domestic airlines to install 
air safety systems by tbe end of next year. Aircraft with more 
than 30 seats that do not have a so-called Airborne Collision 
Avoidance System and transponders will not be allowed into 
Indian airspace starting Jan. 1, 1999. (AFP) 


WASHINGTON — Worried about 
the army’s ability to withstand its recent 
sex scandals ? Bothered by the navy’s 
difficulties with the Tailhook affairt 
Convinced that the idea of integrating 
women in the aimed forces is doomed? 

What’s a troubled military veteran to 
do? 

Try running a full-page advertise- 
ment in The Wall Street Journal, which 
is what Richard Frederick did Monday. 

A retired air force lieutenant colonel, 
he caught tbe Pentagon’s attention by 
blaring in big, bold type his concern 
that something had gone awiy and that 
.military leaders were part of the prob- 
lem. 

What Colonel Frederick had in mind 
was what he considered the military’s 
disastrous acquiescence in tbe feminist 
movement. 

But he was quite elliptical in print, 
making no direct mention of women in 
the military. 

Fr aming his ad as a memo to “flag 
and general officers, all services,” he 
listed the subject simply as: “Failure.” 

“By your silence and inaction,” he 


began, “you are abetting the destruction 
of the warrior spirit in the UJS. armed 
forces.” 

He then included a quotation from 
General Douglas MacArihur’s famous 
1962 farewell address at the U.S. Mil- 
itary Academy at West Point, New 
York: 

“The long gray line has never failed 
us. Were you to do so, a million ghosts in 
olive drab, in brown khaki, in blue and 
gray would rise from their white 
crosses, thundering those magic words: 
duty, honor, country.” 

Next came the notation “cc: Your 
Country,” followed by Colonel Fre- 
derick's mailing address in The Wood- 
lands, Texas. 

Top air force officials did not quite 
know what to make of the ad. They 
ordered a report cm his military record 
and learned that he had won a Silver Star 
in Vietnam flying P-1 05 Thunderchiefe, 
single-engine jet fighters that are now 
obsolete. ■ 

Colonel Frederick retired from active 
duty in 1971, worked for a time as a 
manager in a fiberglass plant ami now 
flies planes for a major oil company. 

But his newspaper-sized memo left 
air fence leaders scratching their heads. 


“The ad was viewed by die leado- 
ership of the air force, who collectively^ 
were unsure what message he was trying* 
to communicate,” a senior spokesman - 
said Tuesday. 

Readied by phone at his home in ; 
Texas. Colonel Frederick, 55, explained ; 
that his main complaint had to do with • 
the integration of women into the mil- . 
itary. ■ 

“You do not need men and women in * 
close proximity to one another during ‘ 
combat.” he said. “You don’t need to ; 
have their attention diverted. A lot of • 
these operations become brutal, and . I ■' 
don’t think it's right to mix men and 
women together in a brutal environ- ; 
menL 

“If women wanttobein combat, they 
should be in units separate from men.” ; 

A full-page ad in national editions of ? 
the Wall Street Journal costs ! 
$13730256. But because Colonel Fre- * 
derick’s lament appeared only in thete 
Washington-Baltimore edition, it cost, 
him $10,425.12. ■ ; 

Asked what responses he had re-; 
ceived, Colonel Frederick said reporters ■ 
from four newspapers had called. 

“That's all gofer,” he said. • * 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


PAGE 3 


By David Johnston 

ffewToriThneaSerwe 


’s Practices Badly Flawed, Inspector Reports 


bombing case, which served notice in pretrial ated their finding s against defendants and in- 


■ T ^ Justic e Department’s 

after an 18-mStt Si- 
J -S? sr ®nowned crime laboratory 


the integrity of the 
of nhvsica] eviden 


tl investigation and analysis 
in the case. 


mduding foe bpmbmgs of the Federal BuildhS 

m Gkl^a C«y and the World Trade Center 15 

Now York. 

( The inspector general, Michael Bromwich, 
announcing bis findings Tuesday, said he had 

f'-jKxyvered cxrremelv ^ 


at a laboratory that for more than 
decades, since its founding by J. Edgar Hoover in 
1932, has been a symbol of the FBI’s cuttinc- 
edge scientific sleuthing. 

'The investigation found that the laboratory’s 
explosives, chemistry-toxicology and matwi^i s 
analysis units were rife with substandard per- 
formance that had forced FBI officials to renew 
several hundred past and current cases to deter- 
m^h„ y might have been jeopardized by 

[■The findings are expected to give added im- 
petus to defense lawyers in scores of cases, 
including the defense in the Oklahoma City 


central role played by a chemist in the explosives 
laboratory, Frederic Whitehurst, who was re- 
sponsible for tiie investigation after filing nu- 
merous complaints since 1989 about the lab- 
oratory ’spoor performance and the failings ofhis 
colleagues. 

The report represented another Mow to the 
reputation of the FBI and its director, Louis 


* •«*UA fl WUV 1UU& VVCJ UIC UUIUkU JJJ 

1993 as the seriousness of the laboratory's prob- 
lems began to emerge. In recent months, Mr. 
Freeh’s competence has been under attack in 
Congress in connection with a botched interview 
with a suspect in the Ol ymp ic Park bombing in 
Atlanta ana the release of FBI background files to 
the White House. 

Mr. Bromwich recommended the censure, 
transfer or other discipline of five agents who 
worked in the laboratory, including the agent 
who first asserted that it had problems. He said 
the inquiry bad found numerous instances in 
which FBI agents who weak as scientific ex- 
aminers had prepared sloppy reposts, exagger- 


Moreover, the report found that supervisors 
had failed to supervise the examiners adequately, 
had allowed indefensible conclusions to go un- 
challenged and had left too much discretion to 
subordinates who reached findings unsupported 
by scientific evidence. 

The report suggested that the laboratory had 
maintained res reputation for years even as its 
managers clung to outmoded methods and failed 
to respond to internal complaints. 

The bureau’s deputy director, W illiam Es- 


piAiilU, OUU OU&JJUWIClJgCU me 

criticism of tile lab’s performance. He said the 
FBI would focus “on how did we get to this 
point, and address these problems so they don’t 
reoccur.” 

The problems seemed most serious in two major 
cases: the bombing on Feb. 26, 1993, of the World 
Trade Center, which killed six persons, and the 
bombing on April 19, 1995, of the Federal Build- 
ing m Oklahoma City, winch killed 168 people. A 
group of Islamic fundamentalists were convicted 
m the Trade Center case. One man is on trial in 
Denver and a second defendant is scheduled to be 
tried later for the Oklahoma City bombing. 

In the World Trade Center case, the report said 


Anti-Crime Efforts Deemed Suspect 

-- v. 

> Study Declares Many Popular Programs Aren’t Very Effective 


an examiner in the explosives laboratory. David 
Williams, “gave inaccurate and incomplete testi- 
mony and testified to invalid opinions that ap- 
peared tailored to the most incriminating result. " ' 
His testimony, the report said, “exceeded his 
expertise, was unscientific and speculative, was 
based on imp r op er nonscientific grounds and 
appeared to be tailored to correspond with his 
estimate of the amount of explosive used in the 
bombing.” 

Mr. Williams was also assigned to the Ok- 
lahoma case, and the inspector general concluded 
that “many of the same errors committed by 


TTiumua ui me wonu I iauc tinier case weic 

repeated in the Oklahoma City case — prin- 
cipally that Williams based some of his con- 
clusions not on a valid scientific analysis, but on 
speculation from the evidence associated with 
the defendants.” 

Mr. Williams’s findings, the report concluded, 
were “tilted” to incriminate the defendants. For 
example, he determined that the Oklahoma City 
bomb was composed of ANFO. ammonium ni- 
trate and fuel oil, not from chemical analysis but 
from a speculative judgment based on “the fact 
that one of the defendants purchased ANFO 
components.” 

The report found that Mr. Williams’s super- 


POLITICAL 


visor, J. Thomas Thurman, failed to properly 
review his subordinate's work and that both 
agents should be singled out for “special cen- 
sure" for their roles in the Oklahoma City case 
because of the “enormous national signifi- 
cance' ' of the prosecution. 

Mr. Williams, who was transferred along with 
Mr. Thurman and two other agents in January in 
response to the inspector general’s findings, said 
in a reply to the report that he had tried to provide 
rapid scientific evaluations based on information 
available to him at the time. Bui be acknowl- 
edged that he had “overstated" his conclusions 
in a report on the Oklahoma City bombing. 

Mr. Bromwich said that he had not found any 
instance in which laboratory examiners had com- 
mitted a crime or had intentionally faked forensic 
evidence, obstructed justice or lied about their 
findings in court. 

So far, Attorney General Janet Reno said, 
prosecutors have identified 55 cases in which 
examiners might have committed errors serious 
enough to warrant advising defense lawyers of 
potentially exculpatory evidence. Of these, pros- 
ecutors have decided to turn over data to defense 
lawyers in 25 cases. In 13 of these cases that have 
gone to trial, Ms. Reno said, “there has been no 
change in the outcome of the case." 


£ By Fox Butterfield 

New York Times Service 

■-NEW YORK — The most compre- 
hensive study ever of U.S. crime pre- 
vention shows that some of the most 
popular programs, including boot 
camps, midnight basketball, neighbor- 
hood watches and drug-education 
classes in schools, have littie impact. 
Ute study also questions the effective- 
ness of the nation's huge prison-con- 
struction progr a m in the past two de- 
cades. 

•../-But the study, recently made public, 
robnd promising results from initiatives 
such as intensified police patrols in high- 
crime areas, drag tre atme nt in prisons 
afid home visits by nurses, social work- 
ers and others for infants in troubled 
families. The work was done for- Con- 
gress by a team of criminologists at the 
University of Maryland. 

1 Still, the study found that it remained 
difficult to assess federal crime-preven- 
tion programs because there was so little 
rigorous, scientific evaluation of their 


effectiveness. 

The research, ordered by Congress 
lust year, set out to de te r m ine the ef- 
fectiveness of the more than S3 billion 
the Department of Justice grants an- 
nually to help local law-enforcement 
authorities 

v&rt crime. The^tndy, which- focused.. 
heavily eft ‘programs lo stop juvenfle 
crime, ■ wtis - presented to Cbngpsss -fete 
Last week and was die subject of bearings 
Tuesday by the House Judiciary Com- 
mittee. 

The study is more a compendium of 
existing evaluations of die various 
crime-prevention ’ programs than . an 
analysis of why each one works oor fails. 
It repotted that, according to new re- 
search, bool camps, midnight basketijall, 
neighborhood watches ana drag-educa- 


tion classes for schoolchildren tended to 
be short-term programs that did not fun- 
damentally change the thinking or be- 
havior of troubled young people or 
ameliorate the conditions in which they 
live. 

But infant- visitation programs can 
have lasting effects on both the child and 
the parents because problems are dealt 
with early, the study reported. Similarly, 
recent research has found that the police 
can have an impact on crime if they 
focus their efforts on high-crime areas or 
work to stop petty crimes, such as van- 
dalism, as a way to head erff felonies. 

Lawrence Sherman, chairman of the 
department of criminology and c riminal 
justice at the University of Maryland and 
lead author of the report, said, “The 
most important finding is that we really 
can’t tell how a majority of funding is 
affecting crime.” A major reason for 
that problem, Mr. Sherman said, is that 
Congress has never insisted on the same 
kmd of scientific evaluation of crime- 
prevention programs that it does, for 
example, in testing new drugs. 

The reason for this laxity is that mem- 
bers of Congress tend to vote for anti- 
crime measures, like prison construc- 
tion. if they believe that the programs are 
politically popular or if the programs fit 
the congressman's own views on crime, 
said a JusticeuBepaxtroent official', who.. 

spoke .on the.(aaa4i tfMk Cjf anonyraity. .. 

.fo addition, foe official said, while it is 
clearfewll ‘research that: violent crime is 
heavily concentrated in a few areas of 
large cities, most members of Congress 
voce- to spread out the money to fight 
crime so mat more districts are included, 
instead of concentrating the resources 
where they would have the most im- 
pact. 

In fact, the report said, half of all 
homicides in the United States occur in 
the 63 largest cities, which have only 16 


percent of the nation’s population. Even 
within these cities, homicides are heav- 
ily concentrated in a few neighbor- 
hoods. ^ 

crimes ’ro^nitted in the l^nitedStates 
occur in 10 locales. “We know enough 
from research to conclude that the suc- 
cess of these crime-prevention programs 
depends on how well they are focused on 
high-risk crime areas,” Mr. Sherman 
sauL 

But with programs like the one that 
rails for die addition of 100,000 police 
officers, a provision President Bill Clin- 
ton pushed for in die Crime Control Act 
of 1994, resources are being spread 
evenly across the country, not concen- 
trated in the most vulnerable areas, he 
said. “We need to put the money where 
die crime is, not just where the votes 
are,” Mr. Sherman added. 

The study’s findings on prison con- 
struction and drug-education classes in 
schools seem likely to produce crit- 
icism. 

The drug-education p rog ram , called 
Drag Abuse Resistance Education, was 
founded in Los Angeles in 1983 mid is 
now used in about 70 percent of the 
nation's public schools. The classes 
warn about the dangers of drug use and 
are taught by uniformed police officers 

instead of regular, teachers.. . 

_ The .program, usually given to stu- 
dents in their fifth and sixth years of 
school, is extremely popular -with par-*: 
ears. But the report said repeated eval- 
uations had found that its “effects on 
drag use are, except for tobacco use, 
nonsignificant” 

But Denise Gottfredson, a professor 
of criminology at Maryland and a co- 
author of the study, said: “DARE has its 
good points. It's in 70 percent of our 
schools, so 1 would never recommend 
stopping it” 


AMERICAN 



'Forcing Students to Bead the Classics 

[ ' In a shot sure to be heard around the college world, 
‘Vfllanova University in Philadelphia has ordered its 
‘bookstore to stop selling Cliffs Notes, t hose handy syn- 
* bpses of literary classics known to generations of stu- 
dents. 

It appeared to be the first such instance, and the move 
'•drew praise from faculty, who hope more students will 
now actually read the works they are supposed to be, 
-Studying. But some students, and the publisher of the 
? guides, were outraged. T , 

-~ in defending the decision. John Johannes, a Vil- 
■tJanova vice president, said, “We are trying to develop 
j jn our students a capacity for inquiry." Ninety faculty 
members had signed a petition against the guides, 
.which one professor called “a deade n ing packet of 
« information." . , ... 

The Cliffs Notes company, based m Lmcoln, Neb- 
raska, ran an ad in the school newspaper decrying what it 
called ■‘book-banning and censorship.’’ _ ,, 

“ CUffs Notes started, in 1958.offermg guides to 16 
Shakespearean plays. It now carries 220 titles, including 
newer authors like Toni Morrison and Amy Tan. 

•Short Takes 

“ To the dismay of parents, hardy bead lice appear to be 
a growing problem among school chfl&en. Federal health 
officials do not track lice outbreaks, which are not known 
to spread disease, but state officials say the trend is clear, 
with California reporting a 20tp 

number of cases m a year. The chief factor, authorities 
I say, is not bad hygiene but the tiny P 

resistance to over-tbe-coanter remccti^. most ofwhich 
usea natural insecticide derived from chrysanthemums 
Some parents are finding that the only sure cure is very, 
short hair- 

■ (tp nhrase “Beloved life partner, d aughter , 

granddaughter, sister and aunt'* on her 

“Why aren’t legal documents enough? NVbydo SW 
people 5S to many?” A cemetmy spokesman 

^declined to comment. 


The Teenie Beanies Take Off 

The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — Move over. Tickle Me Elmo; you’re last 
year’s news. The smaller siblings of Beanie Babies are 
creating a sensation at McDonald’s restaurants. 

A five-week stock of Teenie Beanies has evaporated after 
just five days at restaurants in some areas, and “they probably 
won’t be around much longer” anywhere else, said Lisa 
Howard, spokeswoman for the company said. McDonald's 
ordered nearly 100 million of the colorful bean bag toys. 


Dole Still Eyes the White House 

CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — Bob Dole has stepped 
back into public view to promote his wife, Elizabeth 
Hanford Dole, as a contender for the White House and to 
polish his legacy after his own foiled bid last year. 

Tn hrs first majnr adrtnagg since his defeat hy Pnpsi denf Bill 
Clinton nearly six months ago, Mr. Dole told students and 
faculty at Hamid University that while his days in politics 
were over, that was not the case for “the Dole who yet may 
reside at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave." Repeatedly, he trum- 
peted Mrs. Dole’s credentials as a two-time cabinet member 
and now head of the Red Cross. 

Mr. Dole also reminded the audience of his record on 
behalf of foe disadvantaged — something that often was 
obscured as he sought to appeal to conservatives last year. 

“I believe in a government that is neither intrusive nor 
cold-hearted,’ ’ he declared to a crowd of more than 800 
Tuesday nighL “I voted for civil rights Laws because I know 
that no first-class democracy can tolerate second-class 
citizens. And I spoke up for the disabled because if a mind 
is a terrible thing to waste, so is a spirit.” (NYT) 

Hubbell’s Agenda of Meetings 

WASHINGTON — In the nine months after he resigned 
from the Justice Department in 1994 and before he pleaded 
guilty to charges of bilking his former law firm, Webster 
Hubbell had more than 70 meetings with Clinton ad- 
ministration officials, records show. 

An appointment calendar, telephone message slips and 
other documents obtained by The Washington Post indicate 
that the extent of Hnbbell’s contacts within foe upper 
readies of the White House and the administration was 
much broader than was previously known. 

After stepping down as foe third-ranking official at 
Justice, tiie records show, Mr. Hubbell golfed with Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and met with several ofhis senior aides. A 
‘calebdar ebfry shows he also had lunch with the secretary of 
the "former White House counsel, Barnard Nussbaum, 
Whose office had received a subpoena for the files of the late 
deputy counsel, Vincent Foster, days earlier. (WP) 

Gingrich Weighs How to Pay Fine 

WASHINGTON — Newt Gingrich, speaker of the 
House of Representatives, consulted ethics committee lead- 
ers Wednesday to determine if they would approve his use 
of a personal bank loan to pay a $300,000 penalty imposed 
fay foe House in January, associates and other Republicans 
said. 

Mr. Gingrich told fellow Republicans at a closed meeting 
that he had not made a final decision on bow to pay, and he 
assured them he would tell them in private before making an 
announcement. (AP) 



WtadovltoomeorTbe AaHdtted Prea 


Quote / Unquote 


Representative Joe Barton, Republican of Texas, after 
the House did not muster die votes to pass a proposed 
constitutional amendment that would make it harder for 
Congress to raise taxes: “We need two tilings to get a two- 
thirds’ vote. You need more Republicans, and you need to 
hold foe vote in an election year.” (AP) 


TAX PROTEST -7- Republican legislators from 
several states tossing copies of the U.S. tax code 
overboard at the site of the 1773 Boston Tea Party. 

Away From Politics 

• American Indian soldiers will be allowed to take foe 

hallucinogenic plant peyote as part of their religious ce- 
remonies under new guidelines adopted by the military. 
While it is illegal for most people, federal law permits 
peyote use by foe 250.000 Native American Church mem- 
bers. (AP) 

• Incidents of anti-Muslim discrimination increased 
threefold in the United States in foe last year, but foe number 
of violent attacks remained the same, according to a report 
by a Washington-based Islamic advocacy group. (WP) 

• A corporate executive was killed and three other people 

were injured when their helicopter crashed into the East 
River moments after Lifting off from a heliport in New York 
City. (NYT) 



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PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 




New Problem 
In Reporting 
Nuclear Leak 
Angers Japan 

Reuters 

TOKYO — Supporters and opponents 
of nuclear power united in anger with 
Japanese government officials Wednes- 
day after another embarrassing incident 
forced the closing of a power plant, 

The state-run Power Reactor and Nu- 
clear Fuel Development Corp. was 
ordered to halt operations at its Fugen 
reactor in western Japan after it emerged 
that the agency had waited 30 hours 
before reporting a radiation leak 
Monday. 

Local government officials in Fukui 
Prefecture said that 11 workers were 
exposed to small doses of radiation in 
the accident. “The amount of radiation 
the workers were exposed to was within 
permissible limits," an official said. 

The incident was seized upon by op- 
ponents of nuclear power, who question 
the government's plan to increase Ja- 
pan's dependence on atomic plants. Ja- 
pan has virtually no oil or natural gas to 
provide electric power. 

The nuclear power corporation faces 
legal action over its cover-up of details 
of an accident last month at a nuclear 
fuel reprocessing plant northeast of 
Tokyo. 

In what has become a ritual for the 
company, it admitted it had erred and 
then apologized. It shut the plant Tues- 
day night. 

“Our report was delayed because of 
our misjudgment," Norite Takeshi ta, 
head of the Fugen plant, said at a news 
conference Tuesday. 

A company spokesman said techni- 
cians dealing with the leak had “re- 
laxed" instead of reporting the prob- 
lem. 

“The report to authorities was 
delayed partly because the workers 
were so relieved once they found the 
cause of the problem," the spokesman 
said. 

But the official explanations did little 
to appease Prime Minister Ryutaro 
Hashimoto, who said he was disgusted 
by the incident. 

* ‘I saw the dale of the accident and the 
date the PNC reported," he said. “It's 
completely hopeless!" 

Last week he criticized the company 
for cover-ups in its report on the fire at 
die nuclear reprocessing plant, saying 
that the revelations left him speech- 
less. 

A government spokesman. Seiroku 
Kajiyama, said that the company 
“should be dismantled and start again 
from scratch." - .. it .. 

His comments echcxSTtficise 'of the 
head of the Citizens Nuclear Informa- 
tion Center, Japan 's largest antinuclear 
organization. 

“Let's say sayonara to die PNC,” 
said Jinzaburo Takagi, head of the cen- 
ter. “Now, instead of saying ‘clean up 
your act' we should be telling the firm to 
‘please go away.’ ” 

Later Wednesday, the Science and 
Technology Agency, which oversees 
Japan's ouclear power program, said it 
had filed a complaint with the police 
against die company and officials over 
what it said were inaccuracies in the 
report on the fire last month. 


Q&A / John Shoftuck 





DmjU StampfE/Tbe Anocutrd 

John Shattuck addressing the UN conunission in Geneva. 


India Ousted Coalition 
Queries Ally’s Motives 


Agmce Francc-Presse 

NEW DELHI — India's 
ousted coalition Wednesday 
asked an estranged ally, the 
Congress (I) Party, to formally 
withdraw its claim to power 
before accepting the party’s 
support to form a new gov- 
ernment. 

Haritishan Singh Suijeet. a 
leader of the Communist 
Party-Marxist, said at a press 
conference here that Congress 
Party, which caused the polit- 
ical crisis by withdrawing sup- 
port, was playing double 
games. 

“Unless die Congress with- 
draws its letter to die president 
saying that it will form a gov- 
ernment and extends support 
to us. there is no use in pur- 
suing this matter,' ' he said, re- 
ferring to peace talks. 

“They say they are still 
waiting,” he added, “but for 
what? 

The Congress Party with- 
drew its key support for care- 
taker Prime Minister H£>. De- 
ve Gowda on March 30. 
accusing him of pandering to 
Hindu fundamentalists and of 
inefficiency. 


In a letter to President 
S hankar Dayai Sharma. the 
party said it would stake claim 
to power. But after Mr. Deve 
Gowda lost a confidence vote 
in Parliament last week. Con- 
gress backtracked, saying it 
would support a new leader. 

“Does it mean they want to 
have a say? This is not ac- 
ceptable to us. We will decide 
on a new leader only after they 
withdraw the letter, ' he said. 

Mr. Suijeei said a top-level 
United Front meeting over die 
new leadership, slated for 
Thursday, would be rendered 
meaningless until. the Congress 
had made its intentions clear. 

The Congress Party main- 
tains that its claim' was aimed 
at preventing a “power vacu- 
um" and keeping the Hindu 
nationalist Bharatiya Janata 
Party, the largest group in Par- 
liament, from taking office. 

No party in Parliament has 
the strength to form a gov- 
ernment. The Congress has 
1 39 members, while Janata has 
1 60 seals and the United Front, 
a coalition of 13 centrist, leftist 
and regional parties, com- 
mands about 180 members. 


Disappointed, Not Discouraged on China 


At the United Nations Human 
Rights Commission in Geneva, 
China succeeded Tuesday in 
blocking a Western resolution cri- 
ticizing Beijing. John Shattuck, the 
US. assistant secretary of state for 
human rights, spoke to Robert 
Kroon for the International Her- 
ald Tribune about the significance 
of the vote. 

Q. Does the Human Rights 
Commission still serve a useful 
purpose? 

A. Absolutely. I am disappoint- 
ed by what happened in Geneva, 
but not discouraged. China’s suc- 
cessful “no action” motion was a 
very serious attack on the com- 
mission ’s jurisdiction. No country 
has the right to claim it is above or 
beyond its jurisdiction. 

But there’s more involved than 
just a vote-count. This commis- 
sion is the world’s highest human 
rights body, and its purpose is to 
shine a strong spotlight on rights 
abuses in China or other countries. 
Even without the resolution 
passing, full attention was focused 
on China's human rights short- 
coolings in the preceding debate. 

It is no surprise that some gov- 
ernments are less supportive of 
human rights than hundreds of 
millions of people around the 
world. The public is more aware 
then ever of human rights catas- 
trophes in the world — like we’ve 
seen in Bosnia, Rwanda, Zaire, 
Haiti and Cambodia. 

Tbe potential for building new 


human rights institutions to avert, 
or at least predict, such disasters is 
greater than ever. In the long term, 
the struggle for human rights will 
be won even if we lose a short- 
tern] battle now and then, 
a 

Q. Beijing has punished Den- 
mark and the Netherlands for tak- 
ing the lead in the China reso- 
lution. China warned that an 
impending Airbus deal could be 
jeopardized, and France and Ger- 
many refused to co-sponsor die 
European Union’s anti-China res- 
olution. Isn't money the bottom 
line in the bu/nan rights equa- 
tion? 

A. In the long term, economic 
development promotes openness, 
but economic progress alone will 
not bring about human rights. The 
amount of energy the Chinese put 
into this issue indicates bow se- 
riously they take the commission 
as an effective human rights in- 
strument 

Of course it is disappointing 
that some countries that took a lead 
in the past did not step forward this 
time. That was a serious setback, 
but despite the contentious de- 
bates, I still believe this is a dy- 
namic time for human rights pro- 
motion. 

This year, tbe commission has 
done well in condemning racial 
discrimination and supporting re- 
ligious freedom and women's 
rights. Critical resolutions about 
human rights abuses in Cuba, the 
former Yugoslavia, Nigeria, East 


Timor , Su dan and Iraq did pass. 
The USTco-sponsored resolutions 
against Burma and Nigeria, which 
are in the grips of oppressive mil- 
itary regimes. 

• 

Q. The commission again crit- 
icized Indonesia for human rights 
violations in East Timor. Wbat are 
your impressions of the situation 
there after your recent visit? 

A. East Timor is one of the 
major human rights problems. Tbe 
situation is very serious and hu- 


man rights abuses must be ad- • 
dressed. Territorially speaking, we . 

see tbe island as part ot Indonesia, 

but the people should have a 
stronger voice in decisions affect- 
ing tteir own fives. The solution w 
the human rights problem in East 
Timor is greater autonomy, but an * 
act of self-determination has never ; 
occurred. The best way is to bring f 
together all parties concerned, and. 
the new UN secretary-general has * 
appointed a special representative 
for that purpose. 


Top Beijing Envoy Accuses West 
Of ‘Hostility’ in UN Censure Bid 


Reuters 

GENEVA — A top Chinese 
diplomat accused the United States 
and other Western countries on 
Wednesday of displaying “hos- 
tility” toward Beijing by seeking 
to have a United Nations body 
censure its human rights record. 

The envoy, Wu Jianmen, also 
suggested that the violent suppres- 
sion of China's pro-democracy 
movement in 1989 would even- 
tually be seen as having saved the 
country from anarchy. 

“Relations between countries 
are like relations between people: 
If you are hostile to me, then I feel 
hostile to you," be said only hours 
after the UN Human Rights Com- 
mission rejected the Western cen- 
sure bid. 


He said China felt “resentful"' 
toward countries like Denmark:' 
that proposed a resolution criti-_' 
cizing Beijing on human rights;', 
which failed to get to a vote in the 
commission. 

Mr. Wu did not specify whether 
Beijing would retaliate against the * 
countries that supported the iw- p n 
olution. 

But be said that if it came to a- 
choice on a commercial deal, and- 
there were equal offers £nom Den- '. 
mark and France — which did not ' 
back the censure bid — then". 
France would receive preference. ' 

It was the seventh year in a row - 
that the West failed to get a vole; 
with die defection of major powers ' 
like France, Germany, Italy; - 
Spain, Canada and Australia. 


China Denounces 17.5. Delivery 
Of Fighter Planes to Taiwan 

BEUING — China criticized tbe United States an Wednesday for 
selling F-16 fighters to Taiwan, saying that the move had seriously 
harmed relations. 

‘ ‘The Chinese government has already voiced its strong opposition 
to the U.S. side," the Foreign Ministry spokesman, Shen Guofang. 
said in a statement. 

Speaking a day after Taiwan took delivery of the first two of 1 50 F- 
16s, Mr. Shen urged Washington to abide by a 1982 Chinese-U.S. 
communique calling for a reduction in quality and quantity of arms 
sold by the United States to Taiwan. ( Reuters ) 

Cambodia Prince Stitt Grounded 

HONG KONG — Cambodian authorities blocked a new attempt 
Wednesday by the exiled Prince Norodom Sirivudb to fly home to 
contest charges of plotting to kill a co-prime minister. Hun Sen. 
feavingHfae pfitiiS* ktrandedfe Hong Kopg for a second day. • 

“We- have, given firm instructions to decline any boarding of. His 
Highness Prince Sirivudb.’ ^ RbyaPAirGambodge’s chairman, Vicbit 
Ith, said in the Cambodian capital. 

Prince Sirivudh has been threatened with arrest if he returns to 
Phnom Penh. 

He said Tuesday, after flying into Hong Kong from Germany, that 
he would persist iir attempts to go home and seek a fair trial. He 
repeated this resolve Wednesday. ( Reuters ) 

Seoui s Spotlight for Defector 

SEOUL — South Korea prepared Wednesday for the arrival of a 
high-level defector from North Korea and indicated that he would be 
welcomed in the full glare of publicity. 


Security officials in Seoul said that Hwang Jang Yop, now in the 
Philippine: after fleeing on Feb. 12 through Beijing, would arrive 
soon. 

They declined to give a date, but tbe stare radio said Mr. Hwang 
would arrive early next week. 

Information officials in Seoul are arranging facilities for the media, 
including foreign journalists, to cover the arrival of the most senior 
North Korean official ever to defect. 

Foreign reporters were notified that four of them would be allowed 
to witness the event. (Reuters) 

Senator Defiant in Australia 

SYDNEY — Senator Mai Colston angrily rejected Wednesday a 
threat by Prime Minister John Howard to nullify his vote in the upper 
house of Parliament if he refuses to step down over fraud al- 
legations. 

Mr. Howard's move followed intense pressure for him to act 
against Mr. Colston, a former Labour senator who last year quit his 
party to give the Liberal-National, coalitiot^ government a vital 
majority in the upper bouse. O • 

’ -We won’t accept his vote in the future." Mr. Howard said. “If he 
does decide to support fee government on an issue we will arrange for 
one of our number to drop out of flic division — so his vote in effect 
is not counted." ^ (AFP) 

VOICES From Asia 

Hok Lundi, Cambodia’s police chief, ordering security forces to 
step up vigilance and be prepared for tenrorist threats following a rise 
in political tensions: “Every unit of die police should increase 
protection, security and stability in society and prepare to fight 
against all kinds of terrorist threats that violate the people’s rights and 
especially increase protection for politicians, fee press, diplomats, 
etc.” (Reuters) 




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(Who are we to argue?) 


























. i .< 1 ®* 


PAGE 6 


INTER NATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 

EUROPE 



~ U> 


‘Buy Russian 5 Pitch Flops 

After Yeltsin’s Plea, His Son-in-Law Picks Boeing 


By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — President 
Boris Yeltsin is urging mil- 
lions of his countrymen to 
buy Russian products. But 
don't count on tectonic shifts 
in consumer buying habits: 
His own family apparently 
failed to get the message. 

Just hours after the Russian 
leader's address Tuesday, the 
acting director of Aeroflot, 
who happens to be Mr. 
Yeltsin’s son-in-law, an- 
nounced that the country's 
flagship airline planned to 
sign a $400 milli on deal to 
buy 10 American -made pas- 
senger planes from Boeing 
Co.; Russian -made airliners 
are not of high enough qual- 
ity, Valery Okulov, chief of 
Aeroflot, said. 

Mr. Yeltsin’s “Buy Rus- 
sian" campaign comes hot on 
the heels of a drive by his new 
first deputy prime minis ter, 
Boris Nemtsov, to force gov- 
ernment officials to use Rus- 


sian-made cars on official 
business instead of Mer- 
cedes-Benzes or Volvos. 

Not even Russian car man- 
ufacturers argue that their 
Volgas and Ladas are any 
match for their German or 
Swedish counterparts. But 
Mr. Nemtsov’s idea of strip- 
ping bureaucrats of their im- 
ported sedans apparently bad 
such a populist ring that Mr. 
Yeltsin decided to join in. 

“This is only a first step,” 
said Mr. Yeltsin, who en- 
dorsed the foreign-car ban for 
bureaucrats. 

“I want our people to 
prefer Russian products, to 
wear Russian-made suits and 
shoes, to buy Russian refri- 
gerators and Russian fur- 
niture.*' he said. 

The campaign, as the pres- 
ident himself acknowledged, 
will be an uphill slog- Leave 
aside the fact that his own 
foreign minister, Yevgeny 
Primakov, appeared on tele- 
vision stepping out of a Mer- 
cedes sedan. 


Yeltsin and Kohl to Talk 
About NATO and Art 


The Associated Press 

STUTTGART — President Boris Yeltsin of Russia arrived 
in Germany on Wednesday to discuss NATO'sex^nsion and 
the status of so-called trophy art from World War II with 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany. 

Mr Yeltsin was scheduled to meet with Mr. Kohl 
Thursday in Baden-Baden and was said to be consijtair^ 
offering him a work of art as a goodwill gesture, despite 
opposition in the Russian Parliament. , . _ 

^Ruksia and Germany both believe they have 
claims to the thousands of art treasury seized by conquering 
Soviet troops at the conclusion of World war 1L 


Russians may grumble 
about the avalanche of for- 
eign products, especially 
food, that has filled every 
cranny of city grocery stores, 

but after dreary decades when 

imported products were un- 
available to all but the Com- 
munist Party elite, most con- 
sumers have an insatiable 
appetite for anything impor- 
ted — from Mars bars to 
Maytag washing machines. 

Mr. Yeltsin seemed to en- 
tertain few illusions about the 
vastness of the challenge. He 
said he would not go beyond 
exhortations and did not plan 
to seek legislation barring 
foreign products or protecting 
Russian manufacturers. 

To do so could be folly: 
Russia does not manufacture 
much of anything except 
weapons these days, and what 
it does make is often of in- 
ferior quality. 

Russian focus groups tell 
researchers they prefer some 
Russian foods to foreign 
ones, which are widely 
thought to be tainted by too 
many preservatives and 
chemicals. But despite what 
they say, sales of foreign 
foods have skyrocketed since 
the Soviet Union’s collapse, 
spurred by massive advert- 
ising campaigns and superior 
marketing and distribution 
procedures. 


A Divided Bosnia 
Gets One Currency 


“The differences are m 
Reuters . », u r foey will nos 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia- Lar nationalist symbols, jus^ 
Herzegovina — Bosnia s ___ pictures acceptable to 
Sab. CrMiand Mmlimjead; Mr. Ha jric sad . , 

ers have agreed to fonn a ev y ^ acceptable 

single central bank and anm- had not yet bear 

terim currency wttb thff^ 1 azJed but added that he did 

designs for each of ibwo ^ design issue w 

territories, U.S. and Bosni pre ^nta problem. J , 

officials said. . r political leaders are uu 

After mont hs of ba gging- to adopt a cent 

Serb leaders dropP^ gSg law, of which 

cun^ison.^-^ 

concept set out under a peace 

treaty, Mina. Hajnc, an aide 
to the chairman of the col- 
lective presidency, said. 

As a concession to tne 
Sobs, it was agreed that an 
interim bank note, called a 
“convertible c ? n ??£l 
would be issued with differ- 
ent designs, Mr. Hajric said. 

“The concession was in 
the design issue, but die es- 
sence — that it is to be used 
throughout Bosnia — is more 
important, 1 * he said. 

The convertible coupons, 

by one central bank and will Theagresmrat.»» 

not bear the names of Bos- 
nia’s two entities, the 
Muslim-Croat federation and 
Sob republic. 


- cJX) 




•r 



dear the way for an 
national fund-raising 
eace for reconstruction in 
war-damaged republic. 

Bosnia wants to sign a 
with the International V. 
etary Fund, which wants to 
a functioning central banks 
budget laws adopted *** 
the conference. The 
ence is expected to be held 
foe end of May m Brussels. 

The coupons may take 
long as three months fo;. 
orinted and are expected toi 
Jn use for about a year, un 
the governm ent a grees on. 


1 IJC ajiw — — 

Tue sday after tal ks 
by a U.S. envoy, John ’ 
blura. must be apprised 4 
Parliament- j 


Leipzig Rejects 


BRIEFLY 


Bo, ^“M d ta May Day Rally 

. ’ .f L:_L .nl *T ,T • 


point anyway. 

ft'StttaSftJt By Neo-Nazis 

said. “Is Russian chocolate 
worse than imported chocol- 
ate? No, it's better. And what 
about bread, sausages, dairy 
products and beer. Not to 
mention vodka!" 


didates and those of the Socialist Pjny would give™ 
absolute majority to one or the other. ( . 


In this Friday’s 


leisure 

The Car Column 



Toyota Picnic 


Living in the U.S.? 

Now printed in New York 
for same day 
delivery in key cities. 

To subscribe, call 

1 -BOO -882 2884 

(in New York, call 212-752-3890) 

Hcralb^gSnbunc 

TH F. WORLD’S PAID' NEWSB1PEB , 


Allianz Opens 
Toll Hot Line 

The Associated Press 

MUNICH— Europe’s 
biggest insurance com- 
pany. Allianz AG, opened 
a multilingual telephone 
hot line Wednesday for 
questions about policies 
from the Nazi era. 

The 24-hour toll num- 
ber, (49) 89-4186-4413 
for callers outside Ger- 
many, will be answered 
in German and English. 
In peak times, such as 
weekends, information 
will be available in 20 
languages. 

Allianz was among 
several companies sued 
in New York on charges 
of delay over claims of 
Holocaust victims. 


Reuters 

LEIPZIG — A large neo- 
Nazi rally planned May 1 in 
the eastern city of Leipzig has 
been banned, officials said 
Wednesday. 

They said they had prohib- 
ited the demonstration called 
by the rightist National 
Democratic Party because the 
German Trade Union Feder- 
ation had already scheduled a 
rally for the same day in the 
city center. 

“We simply do not have 
enough public space for the 
union and any other groups 
who want to demonstrate on 
May 1,” saidHelgaKaestner, 
director of the city’s public 
order department 

She added that any 

counter-demonstrations 
against the extreme right 
would also be banned. 
“Leipzig cannot tolerate that 
kind of disruption,” Ms. 
Kaestner said. 

But she warned that be- 
cause the event had been pub- 
licized across the country and 
on the Internet the party was 
likely to submit a court appeal 
far permission to demon- 
strate, or to ignore the ban. 


Warning Comes With Cuba Deal . 

Germans Hold ETA Suspect 

Son “ said to have been recru 


Details of the accord were not immediately available- 
Bui diplomats said earlier that 

Portugal and Spain had insisted on any e^rsementbemg 
accompanied fra threat to reopen a World TrarkOr- 
aa nizaS on disputes panel if Washington tookany action 
agains t EU companies that do business in Cuba. 

European ambassadors agreed Monday to pc 
EU complaint to the Geneva trade body^agamst ^ ^ ^ 

legislation, known as the Helms-Burton Act. (Reuters) 


MADRID A German said to have been rec ruited by 

l '" w 

S panish government said Wednesday. 

Frite Gary Siemund surrendered in Weisbaden on Tues- 
dayeveniiig after seeing that Mi ; house ^was imder sur- 

veUlanttOrmsrior Minister Jaime in 

The police said he was seen leaving mETAs^s bourem 
Jadridon Saturday with three other suspected ETA man 

bers after a detonator ^5 !, fniQ 

menu Inside, the police found nearly 100 kilog^s CgO 
pounds) of explosives, fake license plates, ■ ,1 

firearms and press clippings on politicians, business people J 

and military officials. 



Barry James 
Reporter 


Current Affairs 

Well-informed, 
newsbreaking, the ins and 
outs of current events. 

If you missed his reporting in the 
IHT, look for it on our site on the 
World Wide Web: 


http: //www.iht.com 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


rates panel if Washington tookany acuou ^ police said he was seen leaving antiiA sme 

n panics that do business in Cuba. Madrid on Saturday with three other suspected ETA mem 

nCassadors agreed Monday to postpone an ^ after a accidentally explod«i in ^ 

to the Geneva trade body against the U.S. foe police found nearly 100 kdo^ms i^O 

^ own as the Helms-Burton Act. (Reuters) ™ au - ^ 

Defense Union Reaches Out 

PARIS — The Western European Union will allow 
Iceland, Norway and Turkey to join j^ Wfinanc gl ^ 
erations by die European Union s defense arm. France 

announced Wednesday. rMAw-w-to 

The move to bring the three members ofNATOdos^to yxjWiZ&gl 
foe Western European Union appeared to be another effort ^ r- 
by France, which presides at the moment ova the latter 
organization, to establish a European defense pillar within 
foe North Atlantic Treaty Organization. ., 

The pact was signed Tuesday in Pans by the 
members of the Western European iff. Jat S*f 

Rummelhardt, a spokesman for the French Foreign Min- 
istry. * 

French Elections Up for Grabs 

PAR 
arliam 

a paCt W1UI vuumiuuw- — — 

dale for genial 

elections, the game is open,’ said the BVA survey for 

France 2 television and Paris-Matt* magazine. 

It showed the Socialists with support of 28 percent or 

resuondents and said the party could win 23 1 to 283 seats in 

ParW out of a totaiof 555 state, overseas 
departments. The Communists had 10.5 percent andfoe 
Greens 9 percenL The Communists fcould wm 20 to 25 seats 
and foe Greens 2 to 6 seats, the poll indicated. 

It found that no group could expect to win an absolute 
majority, and showed the governing center-nght coalition 
coming closest to that goal. 

Credited with 38 percent of the vote, the GaulhstRally 

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A Space for Thought.’ 


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activity 
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21 Sacred image: 
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24 Fare-wed Hnk 

25 Stay for a wtiHe 
28 Reflects 

32 Six -lime US. 
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33 Bistro 

34 Divinity school 
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as Unaccounted- 
for combatants: 
Abbr. 

36 Main Impact of 
an attach 
31 The Destroyer. 

in Hinduism 
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44 Famous park 
name, once 

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47 Salve Ingredient 
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10 John Irving's “A 

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22 "Present" 

24 Govt agent 

26 Hew words 
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27 Paper measures 

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30 Variety show 
si Comedy type 
33 Diploma word 
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transport 
37 Box score 

column 

as itinerary 
diversion 

40 New Look 
designer 

41 Certain 
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43 Fishmonger's 
tool 

44 Hauled 

43 Island greetings 
48 Crankcase hem 

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INTERNATIONAL 


% 


Toll Rises to 343 in Fire at Pilgrims’ Camp Near Mecca 


BRIEFLY 


MECCA, Saudi Arabia— The air 

was stfll thick with the smell of 
smoke and the ground was littered 
with debris Wednesday where 343 
Muslim pilgrims, most from Asia, 
med in the inferno that ripped 
through their encampment near this 
holy city. 

' Saudi officials said the fire, which 
injured about 1,300 to 2JXJ0 others. 


was an accident with no political 
motive. 

Meanwhile, the 2 million pil- 
grims who escaped the fire moved 
up Mount Arafat, where the prophet 
Mohammed delivered his last ser- 
mon, to pray. 

While the masses gathered for the 
climax of the annual pilgrimage, of- 
ficials Sifted through the char red 
wreckage Tuesday at nearby Mena, 


where the fire swept through 70.000 
terns erected cm a plain. 

An Indian official said that about 
1 50 ofthe dead were from India, and 
dial other casualties were from 
Bangladesh, Pakistan and Thailand. 

The charred state of many of the 
bodies is hampering identification of 
die victims. The authorities in Mecca 
required that all pilgrims hand over 
their passports upon arrival 


Hie fire was set off by a gas 
canister used for cooking and was 
fanned by strong winds, witnesses 
said. The Mena encampment is 
about five kilometers (three miles) 
south of Mecca. 

No official reason has been given 
for die fire, but the authorities say 
they do not believe it was started 
deliberately. The governor of Mecca, 
Prince Majed ihn Abdel Aziz, said. 


'‘According to the first reports, we 
are talking about an accident as op- 
posed to a criminal act" 

This latest disaster reinforced the 
Saudi view that Muslim countries 
should stick to a quota system to 
avert problems during the annual 
Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. 

In 1990, for example, more than 
1 .000 pilgrims were killed in a stam- 
pede. {AFP, Reuters, AP) 



U.S. Puts Burma s on Notice 5 

Regime Could Face Sanctions , Albright Says 


• Mrs. Albrigfrt talking with the superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy. 


Cu*pBelbyOmS*fFhmDtv*t*a 

ANNAPOLIS, Maryland 
— Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright has pot 
the Burmese leadership “on 
notice/' saying die regime 
could face- U.S. investment 
sanctions. 

Mrs. Albright made the pro- 
nouncement during a speech 
Tuesday night at the U.S. Nav- 
al Academy here during which 
she also announced that she 
would go to Hong Kong to 
represent the United States in 
the ceremonies marking me 
return of die British colony to 
Chinese rule on July 1. 

In the speech, she also re- 
iterated that the United States 
was committed to military, 
economic and political stabil- 
ity in Aria ana defended the 
policy of en gaging Chirm, de- 
spite concerns about its re- 
pression of dissent 

Noting Rangoon’s crack- 
down on political expression 
and jailing of demonstrators, 
Mrs. Albright said that 
“Burmese leaders are on no- 
tice that, unless die clouds of 
repression are lifted, they will 


KOREA: From China, a Terrifying View of Famine in the North rigS 


face investment sanctions un- 
der U.S. law.” 

A 1996 law allows Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton to ban new 
U.S. investment in Burma if 
die nutitaiy junta in power 
since 1988, the Stale Law and 
Order Restoration Council, ar- 
rests, harms or exiles die op- 
position leader. Daw Aung 
San Suu Kyi. or suppresses her 
followers on a large scale. 

“Our policy is to oppose 
repression and support a dia- 
logue between the govern- 
ment and the democratic op- 
position," Mrs. Albright said. 

“U.S. officials, myself in- 
cluded, have stressed to 
Burma's military the oppor- 
tunity presented by a demo- 
cratic opening," she added, 
characterizing recent actions 
by the regime as having a 
“corrosive effect on the 
Burmese government’s stand- 
ing at home and abroad.” 

The Stale Department 
spokesman, Nicholas Bums, 
called Mrs. Albright’s re- 
marks a stiffening of the U.S. 
position. 

“It puts squarely before 
the Burmese dictators the 
proposition (hat without an 
~ vement in the himmn 


3 


Continued from Page 1 

grumbling are growing in North Korea, 
Kim Jong H and his government face no 
threat to their control, die woman and 
others said in an interview conducted 
this week in two cities in northeastern 
China, in a region heavily populated by 
ethnic Koreans. 

Her view of the regime’s stability was 
supported by another North Korean 
woman, Chinese businessmen and rela- 
tives who have recently returned from 
North Korea. *T doubt they will rebel 
before they all starve/* a visitor con- 
cluded of the North Koreans. 

On Monday, a Chinese-Korean fam- 
ily returned home, walking across die 
bridge to China from Namyang, after 
delivering rice and money to relatives. 

“When I visited themthree years ago, 
they had rice, if not much.” the Chinese- 
Korean man said of his kin. “This time, 
oh, it is hell! There is no describing their 
misery/* His wife said sbe was so 


shocked that she gave away everything 
she had. 

Conditions in Namyang, though, are 
believed to be among the best in North 
Korea, thanks to gifts from relatives in 
China. Bat factories there have been shut 
far lack of fuel and homes are supplied 
with running water far only one hoar a 
day, die family said. No rations have 
been distributed for a year, and the pop- 
ulation of about 3,000 is surviving on 
cornponidge. 

“We couldn't eat it,” the man said. 
“It was fit only for pigs." 

It took his relatives six days to travel 
the few hundred miles from their home 
to Namyang to meet them, since there is 
insufficient fuel to run the coal-fired 
trains. 

“There is no coal because die miners 
cannot mine it. They’re too hungry/' he 
said. 

But coal miners are supposed to get 
more food than anyone else. 

In contrast, the ration for college stu- 


dents in Pyongyang is 16 kernels of con 
a day, the North Korean woman said. 
“People have been eating wild plants 
and tree bark for several years now/* she 
said. 

Still, the woman vowed to return 
home soon. So did another North Korean 
woman, who arrived in China last sum- 
mer — before die worst famine — look- 
ing like “a living skeleton,'* according 
to the relative who bribed a North 
Korean official $300 to let her out. 

While acknowledging starvation, she 
defended Kim Jong D's government 
against the angiy complaints of her ap- 
palled. disbelieving relatives. “If only 
we had a big harvest, we would have no 
worries,” she said. 

' Although both women were eager that 
the world hear of North Korea’s plight, 
they asked that their names, hometowns 
and other identifying details not be giv- 
en, because hunger and chaos have done 
nothing to lessen die harsh rule in then- 
native land. 


rights situation, there is going 
to be action by rbe United 
States,’* he said Tuesday. 

In reply, aBurmese spokes- 
man assailed the United States 
on Wednesday for threatening 
Burma, which his government 
nails M yanmar . 

“If the U.S. is so genuinely 
concerned about the human 
rights of the Myanmar 
people, why is it so necessary 
to deprive one of the most 
essential rights of the Myan- 
mar people — the right to 
earn a living and support the 
family?” be asked. 

“Does UJS. human rights 
mean priority of one favored 
person or a party is above 
everything else?” he asked. 
“And does the U.S. really be- 
lieve that installing an 
overnight Western democracy 
is die core for all developing, 
unstable and problem-ridden 
countries of the world?’ ’ 


On July 1 in Hong Kong. 

Mrs. Albright, invited by the 
governments of China and 
Britain, will lead the American 
delegation to the ceremonies, 
which she said the world 
would watch “with a mixture 
of hope and. concern.” 

She accepted the invitation 
only after considerable dis- 
cussion within the Clinton ad- 
ministration over the diplo- 
matic sensitivities involved in 
a ceremony that will celebrate 
the transfer of a vibrant 
colony to Communist rule. 

China’s actions as it moves 
to establish control over Hong 
Kong are increasingly being 
viewed as a test of Wash- 
ington’s China policy, partic- 
ularly in Congress, where 
there is talk of threatening 
sanctions if China represses 
personal or political liberties. 

Mrs. Albright said die 
United States supported “the 
preservation of Hong Kong's 
high degree of autonomy and 
hs way of life and basic 
freedoms." By attending the 
ceremonies marking the 
transfer of power, she said, “I 
will emphasize America's 
continued involvement in 
protecting our interests and 
supporting Hong Kong’s 
people as they enter the 
Chinese nation." 

(AFP. NYT. Reuters) 

■ UN Assails Violations Continued from Page 1 


Algerian Market Bomb Kills 7 

ALGIERS — Seven persons were killed and 26 were 
wounded when a bomb exploded in a market in Blida. 50 
kilometers (30 miles) south of Algiers, witnesses said 
Wednesday. 

The bomb, hidden in a flower pot, went off around 
1 0:00 A.M. in a market packed with shoppers because of 
the Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha, on Thursday. 

There have been several massacres of villagers recently 
in the Blida region, attributed to Islamic militants. (AFP J 

Millionaire 1$ Held by Israelis 

JERUSALEM — An Israeli millionaire linked to tile 
illegal sale of chemical weapons components to Iran was 
brought before a Tel Aviv judge on Wednesday, 20 days 
after being arrested on his return to Israel from abroad. 

The businessman. Nahum Manbar, in a closed court 
session, was ordered held for nine more days, and the 
judge partly lifted a news blackout on the case. 

Mr. Manbar's case reportedly was raised in talks last 
week between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and 
senior U.S. officials, including the acting CIA chief, in 
Washington. The CIA provided new information to Israel 
on Mr. Manbar's links with Iran, the Ha’aretz daily said 
Wednesday. 

The Tel Aviv magistrate barred reports on the precise 
nature of the accusations against Mr. Manbar. whose 
attorney. Amnon Zichroni, said his client was linked to a 
“serious offense against state security." (AP) 

Iran Presses Case Against Bonn 

TEHRAN — In a letter sent to foreign ambassadors 
here Wednesday, Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati of 
Iran described as “biased and illegal" a German court 
ruling implicating the Iranian government in terrorism. 

Mr. Velayati said the verdict last Thursday accusing 
Tehran of approving the 1992 slaying three Kurdish 
dissidents and their translator in Berlin was “more like a 
political manifesto than a legal document.” 

He added in his letter that the document had “no 
judicial value." (AFP) 

Colombia Kidnapper Is Jailed 

BOGOTA — A top leader of the Cali drug cartel has 
been sentenced to 28 years in prison, but for kidnapping, 
not narcotics trafficking. 

Phanor Arizabaleta, considered No. 5 in the syndicate, 
was convicted and sentenced on Tuesday for ordering the 
1992 kidnapping of Harold Barbosa, whose sister owed 
him $200,000. Drug traffickers in Colombia frequently 
use kidnapping as a means to recover unpaid debts or to 
force others to make good. (AP I 


PARIS: The Writer’s Notebook 


The world’s supreme body 
for human rights voiced con- 
cern about continuing rights 
violations by the military 
rulers of Burma in a resolution 
passed Wednesday, Reuters 
reputed from Geneva. 

The resolution adopted by 
consensus at the 5 3- member 
UN Human Rights Commis- 
sion listed a long list of abases 
including extrajudicial, sum- 
mary and arbitrary execu- 
tions, deaths in custody, tor- 
ture, arbitrary arrests and 
forced child labor. 

It extended the mandate of 
the spatial UN human rights 
investigator for Burma and 
urged Rangoon to cooperate 
with the envoy. 


SR4NISH: Who Controls the Language? TOBACCO: Firms Meet Foes to ‘Solve Social Problem’ 


Continued from Page 1 

Carlos I of Spain to join him to in- 
augurate a five-day gathering of writers 
and linguists in April, which as far as 
anyone could remember was indeed 
what its title claimed, “The First pa- 
ternatiooal Congress on the Spanish 
Language." 

The meeting gave Mexico a chance to 
assert its authority as the largest Span- 
ish-speaking nation in the world. 

Over the centuries Latin Americans 
have stretched the Castilian tongue with 
home-grown terms. These include many 
— like chocolate, chile and tequila - — 
that come from the continent's earlier 
Indian inhabitants and that have made 
» their way into English as welt 

To make a point about the prolif- 
eration of the language, the novelist 
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, one of the No- 
bel laureates, said at the conference that 
Ecuador had no fewer than 105 words 

for the male sexual organ, many of them 

unknown in Spain. 

Various nations have adorned foe lan- 
guage according to their local lights. In 
Andean countries the word huakua 
refers to a baby, but in foe Caribbean a 
guagua, pronounced exactly foe same 
way, is a public bus. 

On the whole, Latin Americans have 
learned to live with and even celebrate 
*eir differences. Generally, they! have 
only to open their mouths and fellow 
Spanish -speakers can tell exactly where 
they had from. 

As a result, at the conference, all was 
harmony on the surface. The site was 
a central Mexican city whose 
rose-hued baroque churches and theaters 
were built with riches that once poured 
from colonial silver °“ De V 1 

ole warmly welcomed tne 



r Although King Juan Carios was care- 
ful to treat Mr. Zedillo as his gram- 

sss assfSs 

word on what is Spamsh and what is 

a °Thfi academy has branches m most 
I-atin American countries, buri E 

— *><-E2,3£ 


the academicians’ li 

be accepted as bona 


_ic gantlet and 

Spanish' • 


Since foe last century, experts have 
been making lists of words that have 
wormed their way into Spanish from 
Latin America. Init mostly to isolate 
them and to shower them with disdain. In 
1868, when a Cuban philologist, Feliz 
-Ramos i Duarte, came up with a first 
dictionary of “Mexicanisms.” be de- 
scribed it as a compendium of “tainted “ 
terminology. 

The Royal Academy accepted about 
600 new words from Mexico for the 
most recent edition of its dictionary in 
1992. But on the opening day of foe 
conference a hardy group of Mexican 
academics proudly presented a561 -page 
list of 69,366 words and phrases that 
originated here. They said it was the first 
step toward a new dictionary of Mex- 
icanisms that would lay to rest any 
doubts about the legitimacy of the 
teams. 

There was noco, a term Mexicans use 
to accuse one another of being vulgar 
and ignorant, which seems to have de- 
rived from the contempt that foe Con- 
quistadors had for the Totonacos, a pre- 
Columbian Indian nation. And cuate. a 
word for twins, is frequently used in 
Mexico to mean buddy. 

Midway through foe conference, its 
organizers received a huffy fetter from 
the Royal Academy complaining that it 
had not been invited to attend. 

The Mexican writer Octavio Paz, an- 
other Nobel laureate, sent a videotaped 
message to the conference. 

“Many nations speak the Castilian 
language and identify it as their mother 
tongue/’ he said firmly. “However, 
none of these peoples has exclusive 
rights or property rights. 

“The language belongs to everyone 
and no one." 

There were other decimations of in- 
dependence. Some Mexican language 
experts want foe Royal Academy’s over- 
seas branches to become equal partners 

with headquarters in Madrid. 

Mr. Garcia Marquez scandalized 
Iberian conservatives with an impish 
proposal “to simplify grammar before 
g rammar simplifies us/’ tty dropping 
foe accent marks and either the letter 
“b” or “v” from written Spanish, since 
they sound exactly die same. 

The Spaniards continued to worry that 
the popularity of foe language was erod- 
! its integrity. 

Maria Anson, publisher of foe 
Spanish newspaper ABC, raved about 
the new novel by Mario Vargas Iiosa of 
Peru but commented that he had found at 
least 60 words in it that according to the 
Royal Academy dictionary “are not 
Spanish." 


Continued from Page 1 

Hubert Humphrey 3d, the at- 
torney general of Minnesota, said 
“The industry understands 
they’re on foe ropes.” He said 
proposals beard so far fell short of 
what foe attorneys general were 
seeking. 

News of foe talks, which began 
in secret two weeks ago, sent to- 
bacco shares up. Stock in Philip 
Morris was up $3.25 in la re trad- 
ing, at $42^25, while RJR Nabisco 
shares rose $3 to $33.25. 

Some investors had been 
pressing for such an agreement, 
which would set a limit on what 
otherwise might be astronomical 
litigation costs. Tobacco makers 
now spend an estimated $600 
million to $700 million annuall y 
to defend against liability cases. 

Analysts say the industry 
would cover its added costs tty 
increasing cigarette prices. Some 
stud a settlement would send to- 


The impact mi smoking would 
be far Jess dear. Widespread pub- 
licity in recent decades linking 
cigarette smoking to cancer, 
heart disease and other illnesses 
led to decreases in consumption 
of 2 percent to 3 percent for sev- 
eral years. But the rate has 
leveled off in foe past few years. 

Last month, Liggett Group 
broke ranks with other tobacco 
makers in dramatic fashion. 


agreeing to settle pending law- 
suits by 22 states in exchange for 
concessions including admitting 
that nicotine is addictive and 
turning over thousands of pages 
of sensitive industry documents. 

Liggett also admitted that 
smoking causes cancer and that 
foe industry bad targeted young 
people. Other tobacco companies 
attacked that agreement and 
sought to block release of the doc- 
uments. But Liggett’ s move is 
thought to have made other to- 
bacco makers realize the enormity 
of the legal challenge they could 
face. The documents reportedly 
include industry-wide discussions 
of tobacco dangers and marketing, 
and might be used to try to prove 
charges of fraud and conspiracy. 

But Mr. Coale said the legal 
calendar was the biggest impetus 
for foe tobacco firms to join talks. 
1 ‘From June on, we’ve got a slew 
of trial dates," he said. 

The industry, long nearly im- 
mune to such suits, was jolted 
Aug. 9 when a Jacksonville, Flor- 
ida, jury found Brown & Wil- 
liamson liable for die lung cancer 
of Grady Carter, and awarded 
damages of $750,000. The case is 
under appeal. 

Terms of a possible agreement 
in the Virginia talks, first report- 
ed by Tbe Wall Street Journal, 
include the following: 

The industry would accept reg- 
ulation by the Food and Drug 


Administration, though it seeks 
to have tbe industry renamed the 
Food, Drug and Tobacco Admin- 
istration to avoid tire inference 
that tobacco is a drug; it would 
accept bans on cigarette bill- 
board s; and it would cease using 
pictures of people, like foe fa- 
mous Marlboro Man, in its ads. 

Tbe companies would pay as 
much as $300 billion — tbe final 
figure could be considerably 
lower — over the next 25 years to 
constitute a fund under which 
smokers could seek compensa- 
tion. Smokers would generally 
lose the right to sue tobacco 
companies for smoking-related 
injuries and losses. 

Such dramatic changes would 
require an act of Congress. Im- 
mediate congressional reaction 
was cautious. 

Senator Frank Lau ten berg of 
New Jersey, the ranking Demo- 
crat on the Budget Committee, 
said be had “some degree of sus- 
picion about the proposal,” but 
that if it appeared to benefit foe 
public health, it would certainly 
gain support. 

A group of Democratic mem- 
bers of Congress led by Mr. 
Lautenberg called for strict con- 
ditions to be included in any set- 
tlement. Those include close reg- 
ulation by foe FDA, a campaign 
against teen smoking and more 
prominent warnings on cigarette 
packs. 


TORIES: Split Widens Over Plan for Single Currency 


ingjtsi 

Luis 


Continued from Page 1 

Worcester and a number of 
Conservative members of Par- 
liament speaking privately, say 
the dissect signifies two things: 
individual Tray candidates try- 
ing to survive at foe polls and 
early jockeying in a party-lead- 
ership contest foal would follow 
Mr. Major’s defeat May 1. 

Those deviating from the 
“wait and see" line are doing 
so in their parliamentary con- 
stituencies, which in turn are 
being closely monitored by the 
national press. 

Tory prospects looked bad 
enough before Wednesday’s 
developments. With only two 
weeks to go until election day. 


various nationwide polls are tittle 
different than they were months 
ago — showing a gap of 15 to 25 
percentage points m favor of La- 
bour. 

Polls focusing only on the most 
politically important constituen- 
cies — those that could swing 
either way — are even more dis- 
couraging for the Conservatives, 
suggesting that Labour could 
emerge wrfo more than 200 seats 
beyond foe total of about 330 it 
would need, to obtain a majority. 

The “single currency" plan 
would replace all foe currencies in 
the 15-nation European Union 
with one new unit of money called 
theeoro. 

Besides evoking strong senti- 
ments of watjnnal pride, me issue 


evokes strong feelings about na- 
tional sovereignty, because all tbe 
central banks of Europe, which 
control monetary policy, would 
be merged into one. 

The Labour Party has also 
adopted a “wait and see” ap- 
proach, and while it is split as well 
on the single currency, it has kept 
tbe split quiet. 

To make matters worse for foe 
Conservatives, their claims of a 
booming economy also suffered a 
blow. A report in Tbe G uardian, a 
pro-Labour daily, and a leaked 
government document reported 
by the Financial Times suggested 
that government figures showing 
significant and steady drops in 
unemployment were exaggera ted 
and to sock extent. 


this great cultural divide in 
her recently published eighth 
novel. “Le Divorce.” In it, 
the messy parting of foe ways 
hetween an American wom- 
an, Roxy, and her French hus- 
band. Chari es-Henri. be- 
comes a metaphor for the 
apparent hopelessness of an 
entente cordiale between the 
two cultures. • 

Like Ms. Johnson, many of 
the American writers who 
move here have already won 
some recognition — or at 
least have been published — 
in the United States. Appre- 
ciation of the good life — and 
foe high cost of living in Paris 
— in turn explain why many 
are of what foe French call un 
certain age. But they rarely 
lose their ties to the United 
States and few become 
known in France. It is as if 
Paris were simply a mid- 
career reward. 

“You can easily fit into 
Paris, particularly if you like 
long lunches and even longer 
dinners." said Ward Just. 61, 
a novelist who lived in Paris 
from 1986 to 1992 and still 
spends two months a year 
here. 

Among those living here 
now are foe novelists Hany 
Mathews, Jake Lamar, Mr. 
White and Ms. Johnson and 
the poets C.K. Williams and 
James EmanueL 

Ted Joans, a poet, recently 
moved to Seattle after 30 
years in Paris; Brad Leithaus- 
er, a novelist, and his wife, 
Mary Jo Salter, a poet, are 
among numerous “come- 
and-go” Paris residents. And 
tike Mr. Just, Alan Furst, a 
novelist, lived here in foe late 
1980s and early ’90s. 

The one prominent Eng- 
lish-language author whose 
entire career has been spent in 
France is tbe sbort-stoiy 
writer Mavis Gallant, who is 
Canadian but has always 
written for American publish- 
ers. In 1950. at foe age of 27. 
she resigned her job as a jour- 
nalist in Montreal, packed her 
bags and moved here, already 
fluent in French and con- 
vinced that only in Paris could 
she become a writer. 

She did and, 47 years later, 
sbe is still here. The longest 
time she has spent away from 
Paris was a 10-month period 
as writer in residence at the 
University of Toronto in 1 983 
and 1984. Today her idea of 
pleasure is to sit in Left Bank 
cafes eavesdropping on her 
neighbors. 

“But I never thought of 
myself as an expatriate/’ she 
said. “I’m just living some- 
where else. ‘Expatriate’ an- 
noys me, particularly when it 
is spelled ‘ex-pairiot/ " 

Still, she has grown ever 
closer to France. In her early 
stories, sbe provided readers 
with the “bridge” of a for- 
eign interlocutor. 

“There was always a for- 
eigner observing the 
French,” she recalled. “Now 
the stories are more about foe 
French themselves, and if 
there is a foreigner, it’s the 


French observing the foreign- 
er.” 

Yet she remains a foreign 
writer observing foe French 
observing a foreigner. 

As it happens, Mr. Just 
does his observing from the 
unusual perspective of speak- 
ing no french. “I can sit in a 
cafe and not have a clue 
what’s going on around me.” 
be said during a recent trip to 
Paris. “I am less interested in 
french culture per se than 
Americans in French culture. 
My people tend not to clash 
with French culture, they tend 
to disappear inside as you 
would disappear into a great 
forest — as I did." 

Mr. White. 57. who moved 
here in 1983 “when all my 
friends in New York were dy- 
ing of AIDS,” has evidently 
made more of an effort to be 
integrated into French life. 

“Paris is a great place for 
tbe middle-aged, walking 
about looking at books, long 
dinner parties, nice clothes.” 
be said. “The French are re- 
served, but they have a cult of 
friendship. They also like 
writers, and you can have a 
certain cachet here." 

Mr. White, whose books 
include “The Beautiful 
Room Is Empty” and 
“Genet: A Biography,” has 
introduced Paris scenes into 
several of his novels, includ- 
ing his latest, “The Farewell 
Symphony.” But foe city is 
most present in ‘ ‘Our Paris/ ’ 
a short anecdotal nonfiction 
book with illustrations by his 
lover, Hubert Sorin. who died 
of AIDS in March 1994. 

In contrast, Mr. Williams, 
60, whose seventh volume of 
poems, “The VigiL” was 
published last year, has to res- 
ist becoming more French be- 
cause his wife is French and 
he has many French friends. 

“I am an American poet, 
so it is essential for me to keep 
my American identity,” he 
said in a telephone interview 
from Princeton University, 
where be is teaching this 
semester. * ‘I was never temp- 
ted to become French or even 
an expatriate.” 

Mr. Lamar, 38. a former 
journalist who is now com- 
pleting his second novel, 
“Close to foe Bone,” said he 
was fully aware of foe tradition 
of black American writers in 
Paris, but that was not tbe rea- 
son he moved here in 1993. 

“I came mainly out of curi- 
osity, I always feel a bit frus- 
trated about the United States, 
but I didn’t feel a need to 
escape," 

Now, four years later, the 
city has become his reason to 
stay. “J was bom and raised 
in New York and I love cities, 
but Paris is foe best,” he said. 
“I found a sense of freedom 
here, partly from bang a 
stranger in a strange city. It is 
small, it has good transpor- 
tation, it is relatively safe and 
clean, it is relatively multi- 
cultural." 

He paused, as if remem- 
bering he was American, then 
added: “And the cultures, for 
tbe most part, are not at each 
other's throats.” 



vnrmmjTH/npmTrM 



ReraUr 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sribune 


nnusaao wire the new row. mm and tbs wasipwton post 


No to Sweatshops 


A newly proposed American code of 
conduct for domestic and overseas 
sweatshops makes useful pledges to 
improve the appalling working con- 
ditions of apparel workers around the 
world. But the code is so littered with 
loopholes that its impact will probably 
be limi ted unless public and press at- 
tention remains fixed on the problems 
of sweatshop workers. 

The presidential task force that de- 
veloped the code included industry gi- 
ants like Nike, Recbok, L. L. Bean and 
Liz Claiborne, as well as represen- 
tatives of labor and human rights 
groups. It got industry pledges to 
provide abuse-free factories, hire chil- 
dren at least IS years old, limit the 
workweek to GO hours ami protect the 
right of workers to organize without 
fear of retaliation by their employers. 
The code also calls for companies to 
hire independent monitors who would 
work with local human rights groups. 

Tins last provision is vital, since in 
oppressive societies workers would 
voice discontent only to groups that 
have gained their trust. Identifying and 
publicizing abuses is essential to im- 
proving conditions. The coverage of 
inhumane conditions at Central Amer- 
ican factories turning out clothes for 
Wal-Mart undo 1 the name of Ratine 
Lee Gifford led to creation of the task 
force. Two years ago, the industry 
would have brushed off any proposal 
to monitor its Third World factories. 

The weakness of die code is its lack 
of precise commitments. The accord 
suggests but does not require local in- 
dependent monitoring of working con- 
ditions or public disclosure of infrac- 
tions. The 60-hour limit pn (he 
workweek can be waived for what are 


called “extraordinary” circumstances. 

Even if a follow-up comnnsskn 
strengthens the wording, the code can- 
not work unless American consumers 
penalize noopartidpants. Sock compa- 
nies will not sign die code. Wamaco, 
winch makes Hathaway shins, with- 
drew from the task force because the 
company fears that public disclosure of 
mo ni tors’ reports will reveal trade 
secrets to competitors. If consumers 
flock to lower-priced clothes produced 
by companies that ignore the code, die 
effortwill faiL 

The task force correctly rejected the 
idea of imposing a “living” wage, 
calling instead for companies to pay 
only the locally prevailing mmimnm 
wage. An externally determined wage 
would almost surely victimize die 
world’s worst-paid workers. Manufac- 
turers would close shop in countries 
like Haiti and Vietnam, where workers 
produce too little to cover the higher 
wage that employers would be re- 
quired to pay, and reopen production 
somewhere else where factories are 
more productive. The mare humane 
course is to rely on competition to 
drive up productivity and wages, as has 
happened in South Korea and other 
Asian economies. 

At best, a voluntary accord that in- 
cludes industry can accomplish only 
so much. The task force may help 
reduce the political heat on Bill Clin- 
ton. labor unions and industry to deal 

factories. Whether Third Worid work- 
ers wSJ ever see a benefit depends on 
sharpening the code and intensifying 
disclosure of companies that violate 
its provisions. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Reno Ls Still Right 


We wrote a month ago that Attorney 
Genera] Janet Reno seemed to us right, 
on tile strength of what was then 
known, not to seek an independent 
counsel to investigate the fund-raising 
for the president's reelection cam- 
Jnless more turned up, the job 
safely be left with the Justice 
Department’s career prosecutors. We 

grill think that 

This could change. But at this point 
it continues to seem to us that the tests 
for taking the extraordinary step of 
removing the case from the regular 
chain of command and naming an in- 
dependent counsel have not been met 
It was Congress itself — many of the 
same people now denouncing the at- 
torney general for not seeking a coun- 
sel — that toughened the test, and 
rightly so in our judgment 

There needs to be specific, credible 
evidence that the president or another 
high official covered by the law com- 
mitted a felony, or a conflict of interest 

— a real one. not just the appearance 

— that cannot otherwise be reconciled 
in prosecuting some lesser figure. You 
don’t take the step just on spec. You 
don’t do it just because a decision to 
prosecute or not could be politically 
awkward; a lot of them are. Nor do you 
do it just to fish. 

The fund-raising practices in which 
the president and his people engaged 
were sleazy, unseemly, questionable, 
close to the edge — yon name it But so 
far it is not clear that they were illegal, 
or at least that the president and other 
covered officials engaged in such il- 
legality. In a seme that is the problem. 
The law is so porous and weak that not 
enough is illegal. 

The Republicans now denouncing 
Ms. Reno for what they portray as her 
flight from responsibility in failing to 
seek an independent counsel are ax a 


disadvantage on this one. They yield to 
none in their indignation as to the pres- 
ident’s behavior, but they also happen 
to be the chief defenders of the food- 
raising system within cr at the outer 
edges of which he was operating. They 
like tire fact that the politicians have to 
go to the interest groups for campaign 
funds — “the American way,” Senate 
Majority Leader Trent Lott called it 
recently. They resist any serious effort 
to reform the system as an infringe- 
ment on free speech. They no more 


than the president — he who now 
wants to reform die system he took 
such advantage of — can have it both 
ways. But they can try. 

If tiie Justice Department were in 
d i fferent hands, we might have a dif- 
ferent view of the decision Ms. Reno 
has made. She seems to us, as even to 


with her, to be a figure of integrity . 
last thing she wants on her record is 
that she folded for political reasons in a 
high-stakes case such as this. That is 
true of the career prosecutors as welL It 
is no favor to the administratioo to 
have them on its tafl. 

Speaker Newt Gingrich has made 
himself die most outspoken of Ms. 
Reno’s critics. Suggesting that she was 
turning a blind eye to laws she was 
sworn to uphold, he went so far on 
Tuesday as to liken her to Nixon ad- 
ministration Attorney General John 
Mitchell, a tarnished figure who, for 
his role in the Watergate scandal, was 
sent to jaiL It is doubly a smear to have 
such a remade come from Mr. Gin- 
The speaker may think that the 
- he declaims, the fester the pub- 
lic will forget bis own considerable 
ethics problems. The reverse is true; 
the remark is a fresh reminder of what 
he seeks to blur. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


A New El Salvador 


The most extraordinary thing about 
El Salvador’s elections last month was 
not their results, which were startling, 
but how routinely they proceeded. One 
of the parties of farmer leftist guer- 
rillas, known as the FMLN, doubled its 
parliamentary seats and won many im- 
portant mayoralties. The rightist Re- 
publican Nationalist Alliance, or 
Arena, which now las only a one-vote 
margin in Parliament, respected the re- 
sults. The army stayed in its barracks. 

Since the end of its 12-year civil war, 
EJ Salvador has made remarkable 
strides toward a political system in 
which people can use elections, not 
violence, to work out their differences. 
It has a new National Civilian Police 
manned by former soldiers andguetrilla 


fighters. Political murder is now tare. 

The guetrillas began the war ia 2979 
only after the left's attempts to use the 
political system were thwarted. When 
candidates who threatened the priv- 
ileges of El Salvador's controlling fam- 
ines won elections, the semy stepped in. 
Those days seem to be over. 

The FMLN’s important leaders are 
largely moderates. The man elected 
mayo 1 of San Salvador was never a 
guerrilla. Arena has also changed. 
Many of the old landowners associated 
with death squads have softened their 
views or left the party. 

The peace process has strengthened 
those on both sides who want to work 
together. New habits are forming. 

—THE NEW YORK TIMES. 



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What Does Clinton Do if Tehran Proves Guilty? 

V TH 


TT / ASHINGTON— Proteus as 1 
YV idenL Thai is the story thus rar of 
William Jefferson Clinton. Suddenly the 
ongoing search fix' specific, nnmallo- 
able form for his presidency and himself 
as a leader moves back to the Islamic 
Republic of Iran and to the Gulf, where 
an uneasy status quo is unraveling. 

There is now a straggle made the 
U.S. government to answer a question 
being posed wife increasing urgency: 
What does Mr. Clinton do S dear ev- 
idence is uncovered that Iran, in a wan- 
ton act of murder by proxy, helped 
Saudi extremists bomb the Khobar 
Towers apartment complex in Dhahran 
and loll 19 U.S. airmen last June? 

The straggle for Mr- Clinton's mind 
on Iran is a struggle over conflicting 
values and concepts of justice (areas 
where be is under attack at borne) rather 

making anf^diplomacy. This makes a 
difficult decision even more complex. 

The case of responding to Iran’s de- 
predations is rapidly slipping out of the 
hands of the diplomats, who are paid to 
postpone or conflict and pur- 

sue general principles, into the grasp of 
law enforcement officials, whoarepaid 
to pursue «r>H rmidi specific criminals 
and who want action by yesterday. 

If a smoking Iranian bomb fragment 
is found by the FBI, Mr. Clinton's 
decision would be shaped as well by 


By Jim Hoagtand 


America’s military leadership, which 
would contribute its own values to car- 
tying out the punishment of a foreign 
governmental crime. 

Recat published accounts put Saudi 
suspects in touch with Iranian officials 
shortly before the bombing. These re- 
ports follow a flurry of unpublirized 
visits by senior foreign officials to 
Washington to gather information on 
possible U.S. military retaliation and its 


Shuler advocates 
extending the naval 
blockade note in force 
against Iraq to Iran. 

consequences for fear nations. Fig- 
uring out how far Mr. Clinton will go 
on Iran is the No. 1 global diplomatic 
guessing game right now. 

His record here is one of equivo- 
cation, Early in his presidency be 
quickly ordered a cruise missile strike 
a garner Iraq to retaliate for an unsuc- 
cessful plot a gainst George Bosh. But 
he carefully tailored the strike to min- 
imize enemy casualties as well as the 


risk to American lives. The missiles hit 

Iraq's intelligence headquarters late at 
night, killing janitors rather than the 
officials who plotted against Mr. Bush. 

Later mili tary responses to Iraqi mis- 
deeds and a pathetic failed covert at- 
tempt to overthrow Saddam Hussein 
were similarly hedged. 

That raises feats among Saudi of- 
ficials and others that Mr. Clinton may 

launch “pinprick raids" against Iran if ofPan^FU^ 103 to 
be does decide on realiaion. These haslottadtaboat whstiMppenedwha; 
would infuriate the banians and tempt 
them to lash out locally, without bring- 
inee or 1 


evacuate at a moment's notice. They 
Zn be repaired or «* 

easily than major pieces of Iran s ofl 
industry, which Mr. Clinton is tonne 
likely to attack than was Ronald Re- 
aganin 19*6, when be ordered** an- 
attack on terrorist camps m Ubya- 
Moammar Gadbafi still rales Libya, 


ing about a change of behavior or re- 
gime in Tehran. 

These fears help explain the Saudi 
ambivalence in cooperating with fee 
FBI investigation into fee Dhahran 
bombing. The Saudis do not want to 
wind up bearing fee costs of limited 
American strikes. 

The Pentagon has been reviewing 
potential target lists inside Iran since 
the Dhahran attack in Saudi Arabia 
(500 Americans were wounded, in ad- 
dition to the dead). Last July, then 
Defense Secretary William Pepy told a 
group of Dole campaign advisers that 
suchlists had already been presented to 
the White House for possible action. 

Target lists reportedly center on iden- 
tified terrorist training centers, which 
would be easy targets for cruise strikes. 

Terror camps, however, are easy to 


rayspFfenry Shuler, an international o0 
expert who was consulted by fee Air 
Force on targets in Libya in 1986. _ 
Mr. Shuler advocates extending fee 
naval blockade now in force against Iraq 
to ban if Iranian sponsorship of fee 


He does not underestimate the turmoil 
that tins would create in oil markets or 
the difficulties with America’s allies, but 
be prefers those problems to man a ging 
fee downside of new pinprick raids in 
the Gulf He makes a good case. 

If Iran did commit murder of Amer- 
icans by proxy, the one option feat Mr. 
Clinton does not have is to do nothing. 
The ayatollahs, and Saddam, have 
handily survived four years of Mr. 
Clinton’s “dual containment” policy 
in the Gulf. It is time for values of 
justice, not of policy, to prevaiL 

J7ie Washington Post. 


* 


Anti-Western Beijing Touts ‘Socialist Spiritual Civilization’ 


H ONG KONG — China’s 
leaders are asserting feat 
fee West is not only bait on 
liberalizing their country’s polit- 
ical and economic systems but is 
also corrupting its morals. 

Jiang Zemin, chosen by fee 
recently deceased paramount 
leader Deng Xiaoping as his 
successor, is president of China, 
secretary-general of the ruling 

r n rrrmunizt Party and chairman 

of almost every other major or- 
gan of power, including fee 
party's Military Affairs Com- 
mission. But hie is fighting for 

forces created when'china de- 
cided to open its doors to fee 
worid and reform its economy. 

The 15th party congress will 
this autumn decide Mr. Jiang’s 
fate, either confirming him as 
fee rinnrinanf lead er or tossing 
him into fee dustbin of history, 
as the Soviets used to say. 

Mr. Jiang is a lifelong de- 
votee of Marxist-Leninist dia- 
lectical materialism, but the 
chief plank in Ins election plat- 
form is “socialist spiritual civ- 


By Robert Elegant 


ilization.” That fuzzy notion 
does not necessarily accord 
with his pledge to foster the 
“socialist market economy” 
that Mr. Deng initiated. 

“Spiritual” does not have 
fee supernatural connotations in 
Chinese that it has in English. 
Nonetheless it concerns fee hu- 
man spirit, which is definitely 
not a material object. 

For almost acemury, Chinese 
Communists fiercely affirmed 
feat only fee material objects of 
this world really mattered. AH 
else was szzperatition. 

As a result of the economic 
reforms and foreign investment 
unleashed by Mr. Deng, Chi- 
na’s material production is 
booming, in patches across fee 
vast country. That economic 
surge is firmly baaed on fee bard 
p ragmati c materialism and the 
tough entrepreneurship of 
European, North American and 
Asian capitalists who are at 
once China’s chief customers 
and its chief financiers. 


In advancing bis platform of 
“socialist spiritual civilization, 
Mr. Jiang seeks to blame foreign 
forces for many of fee country ’s 
problems, including attempts to 
‘'Westernize and split” China , 
and weaken the culture and ide- 
ology of its people. 

Such problems can indeed be 
a side effect of modernization. 
A certain decline in standards of 
’ dvic behavior and a flagging of 
dedication to altruistic national 
goals was expected when Bei- 
jing began loosening its stric- 
tures and inviting foreign par- 
ticipation in economic devel- 
opment. As Mr, Deng once said, 
“We’ve opened our windows 
to the world, and some flies are 
bound to get in.” 

Mr. Jiang’s problem is that 
fee flies have become far more 
than fee nuisance his mentor 
envisioned. The side effects of 
fee opening are multifarious 
and pestilentiaL 
fjimn enthusias tically uses 
foreign capital and expertise to 


enable cheap labor to produce 
fee flood of consumer goods 
feat, among other effects, has 
produced a huge trade surplus 
wife the United States, a devel- 
opment feat Mr. Deng foresaw. 
But he miscalculated the dele- 
terious effects of the widespread 
contacts wife outsiders. 

Yet fee Chinese need no in- 
struction in corruption. Long 
before fee' West intruded in 
«dTt»ngrffri fe fee 19th century, 
every imperial dynasty ended m 
a welter of graft, special priv- 
ileges, exploitation, civic dis- 
obedience, banditry and revolt. 

Today, however, corruption, 
particularly in the materially 
advanced sectors of China, is 
even more virulent. In Shang- 
hai, for example, drugaddiction 

by gang ^rfare, 81 ^^ toted 
prostitution of young women 
and children are widespread. 
Every conceivable privilege, as 
well as public property, is for 
sale by nefarious officials. 

The military and fee police 
are preoccupied wife private 


£ 


xbtiedn-j 

ties. Theft and violence, arej 
rampant Workers have to en-1 
dare long hours of backbreaking 
toil under stringent discipline 
because they know that they calf 
be replaced immediately from 
the vast pool of unemployed- 
It is hardly surprising feat the 
embattled central govemmenj 
of China advocates suppression 
of crime by tang terms of forced $ 
labor and mass executions. .3 
At the same time, the cam? 
paign for “socialist spiritual chw 
ilization” seeks to inculcate and 
elevate personal and dvic mom 
ality. New folk heroes are cor& 
standy put-forward as examples) 
and inspiration to the people. ■> 
Since much of the corruption 
and abuse of power in China is 
homegrown and official, it reo 
mama to be seen how effective 
Mr. Jiang’s campaign will be. n 

————— d 

The writer, a former Asia cot* 
respondent for Newsweek and, 
the Los Angeles Times , contribn 
toed this comment to. the In-, 
temational Herald Tribune? v 


Try Listening to the Opinion of East and Central Europeans 


T ALLINN, Estonia — In fee 
debate on NATO enlarge- 
ment, everyone seems to forget 
to ask the affected party's opin- 
ion. Russian perceptions should 
not be dismissed without con- 
sideration, but neither should 
the views of 100 million East 
and Central Europeans. 

The consensus in the 11 ap- 
plicant countries is clear. Bom 
Tallinn to Ljubljana, it is ac- 
cepted feat NATO enlargement 
is afixting conclusion to fee Cold 
War, an integrative, unifying 
step in European affairs and a 
key move toward guaranteeing 
Euro- Atlantic stability. 

Why has this unanimity on 


By Toomas Hendrik Uvea 

The writer is the Estonian foreign minister. 


the desirability of NATO mem- 


ical affiliation and extends well 
beyond government elites, 
emerged in Central and Eastern 
Europe? Not because of a sense 
of impending threat, bat be- 
cause of fee recognition that 
NATO continues to fulfill a 
valuable function after fee end 
of the Olid War. 

In short, we want in for the 
same reasons that member 
countries stay in. We realize 
feat NATO membership offers 


security and political benefits 
that cannot be obtained by act- 
ing individually. NATO has en- 
larged three times before, and it 
should do so again. 

NATO's success in deterring 
aggression has demonstrated 
the value of collective security. 
The guarantee that any armed 
attack on a NATO member state 
will be treated as an attack 
against all NATO member 
states prevents attacks from oc- 
curring in the first place. 

Pooling resources also makes 


collective security less expens- 
ive than going it alone. 

Postwar history has shown 
that perhaps fee most important 




Not a Bad Start for the Workers 


N EW YORK — President 
BUI Clinton’s initiative in 
fee fight against apparel in- 
dustry sweatshops around the 
world was formally an- 
nounced on Monday in a ce- 
remony at the White House. 
Given fee scope and complex- 
ify of the problems to be ad- 
dressed, it is not a bad start at 
alL But ft is wily a start. 

The Workplace Code of 
Conduct agreed to by fee pres- 
ident's task force prohibits 
forced labor and the employ- 
ment of young children in ap- 
parel factories, requires com- 
panies and their contractors to 
pay the minimum wage estab- 
lished by local law, recognizes 
fee right of employees to as- 
sociate freely and bargain col- 
lectively, arid prohibits phys- 
ical, sexual, psychological and 
verbal abuse or harassment. 

The task force, known as 
the Apparel Industry Partner- 
ship, is a coalition of labor, 
human rights and consumer 
and several major ap- 
makers, including Nike, 
ole, Liz Claiborne and 
Nicole Miller. It will now set 
up an association to begin im- 
plementing fee code of con- 
duct, and to address some of 
the many important issues still 
to be resolved. 

The companies that have 
joined the partnership have 
agreed to allow outside mon- 
itors to inspect their factories. 
And while fee monitors will 
be hired by fee companies, 
they will have to be approved 
by fee new association and 
will be required in the course 
of their inspections to consult 


By Bob Herbert 


wife human rights organiza- 
tions concerned about the 
plight of sweatshop workers. 

“ft's a historic and signif- 
icant beginning,” said Jay 
Mazur, a member of the task 
force and president of the Un- 
ion of Needktrades. Industrial 
and Textile Employees. Re- 
ferring to the apparel compa- 
nies, Mr. Mazur said: “For a 
long time a large part of the 
worid has been their oyster and 
they were able to do whatever 
they wanted- Now there are 
certain guidelines feat are sup- 
posed to be followed.” 

His comments were tem- 
pered by a certain skepticism. 
“My concerns have to do wife 
follow-through,” be said, 
“ft’s like collective bargain- 
ing. It’s one tiling for than to 
say they’re going to do it, and 
another to get them to do it.” 

Probably the biggest disap- 
pointment for people who 
have done pioneer work cm fee 
sweatshop issue was the in- 
ability of the task force to 
agree that all factory workers 
should be paid at least a sub- 
sistence wage. In places like 
Haiti and Vietnam, that is not 
enough to coverfee most basic 
needs of a full-time worker. 

“Until workers axe paid a 
livable wage a sweatshop will 
continue to be a sweatshop,” 
declared Medea Benjamin, di- 
rector of Global Exchange, a 
human rights group hosed in 
San Francisco. 

“Is feat my primary con- 
cern? Yes,” said Jeffrey 


Ballinger, who heads Press for 
Change, an organization that 
spent several years document- 
ing conditions in Nike fac- 
tories in Indonesia. He added, 
“We know it's the workers’ 
primary concern.” 

There are other concerns. 
Will the inspections be thor- 
\ and will abuses be made 


ougb,ai 

public? 


puouc/ What good will it do 
to recognize that workers have 
a right to organize in China, 
which has exhibited such con- 
tempt for the concept of free- 
dom of association? Will 
companies that operate in that 
kind of atmosphere be al- 
lowed to stitch “No Sweat” 
into their garments? 

Will fee “No Sweat” labels, 
so coveted by the companies, 
be meaningful guides for con- 
sumers, or will they be mere 
public relations devices feat 
serve to obscure rather than 
dhn in ate workplace abuses? 
The latter could happen in the 
absence of red safeguards. 

But at some point on dif- 
ficult issues you have to take a 
chance. You have to move. If 
fee companies act in good 
faith on just the issues that 
have already been agreed 
upon, many workers around 
the world will be helped. 

Charles Kemaghan, direc- 
tor of the National Labor 
Committee and one of the 
most militant advocates for 
sweatshop workers, said: 
“We don’t have the choice to 
sit on the sideline. This is a 
step forward, and now we 
have to fight to make this thing 
real and make it work.” 

The New York Tunes. 


however, are political 
practical results of NATO mem- 
bership in infra-European rela- 
tions are clear. French-German 
reconciliation was pro-moted, 
Italy and Spain were reinteg- 
rated into Europe, and the re- 
lationship between Turkey and 
Greece was stabilized. 

The aspiration to NATO 
membership has spurred posi- 
tive steps in Eastern and Central 
Europe as Poland and Lithuania, 
Hung ary and Romania, and the 
Czech Republic and Germany 
all have taken steps to improve 
bilateral relations. 

History has brought home fee 
value of peace and fee necessity 
of neighborly cooperation to the 
region where the major con- 
flicts of this century began. 

NATO is the logical vehicle 
for structuring feat cooperation 
and integrating fee rest of 
Europe into Euro-Atlantic 
structures this time around. 

The post-Cold War era has 
been an unusual period as coun- 
tries focused inward and con- 
centrated on domestic econom- 
ic and political reform. But if 
NATO railed to enlarge, all fegr 
could change. Central and East 
European countries would be 
forced to search for other means 
to protect themselves. 


The choice in NATO enlarge- 
ment is between extending the; 
stability feat Western Europe^ 
has enjoyed for half a century to 
the whole continent or creating a 
new zone of instability. j . 

Estonia strongly supports# 
NATO’s efforts to work out a, 
special relationship wife 
si a. Russia remains a 
European power and must be. 
constructively involved in the; 
creation of a new Euro-Atlantic' 
security architecture. After aty 
as one of Russia’s immediate 
neighbors, no country has $ 
greater stake than Estonia ip. 
ensuring that Russia continue^ 
its democratic development n 
At fee same time,. Russi^ 
stands to gain from stability 04 
its western borders. . , . n 
ft is time for NATO to stag 
looking beyond fee Judy summit, 
in Madrid, For those countries 
that continue to seek NATtjt 
membership after the finstroundj 
of enlargement, the. mantra 
“The door will remain open 
roust be credible. In the interests,* 
of European stability, fee pro^ 
cess of enlargement — fee tim- 
ing of subsequent rounds ofertr 
largemenl and the substance qfj 
an enhanced Partnership foe 
Peace — should be spelled ou£ 
ft would be risky indeed 
after all fee excitement, the 
worid should wake up on July. 

10 , rub its eyes ana wonder J 
“What’s next?” 

The Washington Post. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: X-Rays 9 Virtues 

NEW-YORK — Dr. Nikola 
Tesla lectured before tire New 
York Academy of Science on 
his new discoveries, of which 
two concerning fee Roentgen 
rays are important. First, the 
rays obtained are very powerful 
and produce clearer images 
than those produced by present 
methods. Dr. Tesla also said 
that Roentgen rays were formed 
by streams of minute electrified 
particles of matter projected 
from fee bulb at an extreme 
velocity, and that fee resulting 
vibration would ul timately lead 
to telegraphing without wires. 

1922: Irish Tnnnoil 

LONDON — There was mwA 
anxiety in London concerning 
fee critical state of affairs in Ire- 
land, where ii was expected that, 
m response to Mr. De Valera’s 
call to revolt, the Republican 
forces would give a repetition on 


a much more formidable scale ofl 
the Easter outbreak of 19161 
Outside of Dublin, interest! 
centred in events at Sligo, where? 
Mr. Arthur G riffith, the Pail B-| 
reann President, and his suppi 
ess had determined to adfees 
meeting despite its probibitiori 
by die local commander of the} 
republican forces. 

1947: Blast Kills 350 

TEXAS CITY — At least 35 
persons were killed and be 
tween 2.000 and 2^00 were ft 
juzed in a terrific chemical e? 



aon, which shook the . 
region for mites arpuni 
g in ated aboard a French 1 
and started a chain af 
at fee Monsanto Chi 
Corporation plant and 
oear-by industries. Ra gjn 
spread throughout fee 
area and burned ferou 
least three huge ofl refine 







PACE 9 


OPINION/LETTERS 








■T r.. 




ilizat 




Infectious Clintonitis: 
Blair Should Beware 


ByWiHiam Pfaff 

T ONDON — Wfl] Clintonism 
its Waterloo in Britain's 
elation? That mix of metaphors 
reflects tee contradiction of an elec- 
tion campaign now half-completed 
here. Tony Blair, leader of what he 
calls New Labour, is campaigning 
as a Clinton-style New Democrat, 
and behaving like a frightened in- 
cumbent. Prime Minister John Ma- 
jor is playing the challenger. 

Mr. Blair has for months been 
portrayed by polls and press as the 
next prime minister. But his poll 
lead has declined, and more than 
half tee electorate now claims to see 
no dif feren ce between the parties 
~ the "first time this has ha ppm«»d 
in modem British elections. It is an 
indication that Mr. Blair could be- 


come the victim ofhis Clinton-style 
issue-free i 


- 1: 


As poll leader, his problem has 
been not to lose. When a national 
television debate was proposed, it 
was Mr. Blair who backed away. A 
“misspeak," as Washington lik^ 
to say, might ruin him. Mr. Major, 

n on the other hand, robustly as- 
sumes that he can only improve his 
position. 

Tony Blair became the Laboor 
Party’s leader after Labour’s de- 
feat in the 1992 national elections' 
— a surprise defeat, be it noted; 
the polls had also said in 1992 
teat Labour would win. But in 
I” the United States, Bill Clinton won 
his presidential election that 


year, and Mr. Blair took note. 

Old Labour’s embittered and 
outmoded trade unionism and en- 
trenched and opportunistTrotskyite 
"Militants” were at war with tee 
middle-class reformism Mr. Blair 
represented. He imposed his ideas 
with force and political adroitness. 

He saw Labour’s only chance 
for success in becoming a classless 
“New Democratic" party accept- 
able to moderate voters. He freed 
the party from the reputation for 
budget and union irresponsibility 
that it had earned during the 
Callaghan and Wilson prime min- 
isterships of tee 1960s and 1970s. 

Mr. Blair outmaneuvered the 
Militants who controlled many La- 
bour town halls, and discarded La- 
bour’s traditional commitment to 
nationalized industry. He changed 
the rules that had given tee unions a 
veto over Labour Party policies. 
Even Margaret Thatcher smiled on 
him. 

He and his shadow education 
minister seat their children to 
private schools, easing middle-class 
anxiety over Labour’s record on 
education. His own choice of a 
political career had been influenced 
by Ozristian socialist thought, and 
both he and his wife came to be seen 
as real rather than political church- 
goers. That also marked Mr. Blair 
off from Labour’s recent past, and 
recalled si older Labour tradition. 

He succeeded in remaking La- 



bour into a party which today ap- 
peals to tee moderate but reform- 
minded citizen- To Tory voters, its 
unstated message is teat it can 
provide the no-risk alternative to a 
Conservative government corrup- 
ted by too many years of power and 
increasingly abused privilege. 

That is where things stood when 
the campaign formally began, at 
the end of March. Labour seemed a 
certain winner. 

The Conservatives claimed 
credit for what they said was Bri- 
tain's economic success story, and 
reminded voters of the bad old days 
under Labour. But not everyone 
was convinced that this bright new 
British economy really existed. 
The statistics might say so, but not 
even economists put much faith in 
Britain’s official statistics. 

Anyway, few Conservative 
campaigners seemed really to be- 
lieve that their party had a chance 
to win. The Tories' recurrent 
money and sex scandals made 


many of them think that the party 
would be better off with a defeat.’ 

However, Mr. Blair has now re- 
kindled hope for Mr. Major. His 
determined avoidance of contro- 
versial campaign positions, his 
cautious positioning of Labour in 
the ideological shadow of the Con- 
servatives — meant to reassure the 
crossover voter — seemed by last 
week to have become a negative 
rather than a positive factor for him 
in the campaign. 

In the last two weeks there has 
been confusion or equivocation on 
Labour's platform commitments to 
new union legislation, on devol- 
ution of power to a new Scottish 
Parliament, on privatization and on 
relations with Europe and the 
European common currency. 

The questions asked of Bill Clin- 
ton in last year's presidential cam- 

S aign are now being asked of Tony 
•lair. What does be really stand 
for? Where are his principles? 

Mr. Blair is not naturally aZelig 




figure, despite his effort to become 
one in this campaign. There is too 
much to him to be able to pretend to 
be no one and everyone ax tee same 
time. But he has overleamed from 
Bill Clinton and now has put him- 
self at risk. 

The British electoral context is 
not tee American. Participation is 
high, the formal campaign is short 
and concentrated, and the kind of 
television spot campaigning that 
obfuscates issues and camouflages 
candidates in the United Stales is 
outlawed here. 

Britain's electorate is more de- 
manding than the American, and 
less jaded and alienated. Mr. Blair 
was right to see that Labour had to 
move toward the center, as the New 
Democrats had concluded in the 
United States. But he was wrong to 
think that Clintonism as a campaign 
method was exportable. He and his 
party may pay for that mistake. 

Interrhilioruil Herald Tribune. 

0 Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 


On Monet’s Eyesight 
And Other Wonders 


Bv Amv E. Schwartz 


W 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


liropfi 


Women’s Work 

r 

§ I The excellent article on in- 
equalities between men and 
women in France's political- 
system (“French Paradox: 
The Absence of Women in 
Politics April 14) points out 
the complexities and persist- 
ence of women's dispropor- 
tionately small share of de- 
cision-making power. 

> Research commissioned 
by the UN Development Pro- 
gram, published m our Hu- 
man Development Repost, 
confirms the facts in the story: 
France is in 40th place, after 
the Philippines, on a "gender 
empowerment measure,'’ ah 
international ranking of 
women’s ^pafticipafian ''.in" 
business ana government. 

But even though die story 
was about France, it could' 
have been Wrirteriaboot nearly 
any other country of the world. 
No country treats its women as 
well as it does its men. UNDP 
studies show that although 
Women everywhere -have 
made tremendous gains in the 
past 20 years, “a global glass 
ceiling" still exists for teem. 


value of unpaid community 
and household work per- 
formed by women and men 
and underpayment of wom- 
en’s wade in the market of 
prevailing prices. Of this, $1 1 
trillion is the “invisible" 
contribution of women. 

The world undervalues 
women’s work and their con- 
tributions to society — not 
only in tee political arena. If 
women's work were accur- 
ately reflected in national 
statistics, it might help shatter 
the myth that men are the 
main breadwinners of the 
world. And. if governments 
acknowledged the true mon- 
etary value of women ’s work, 
laws woq|d inevitably have to 


Mr. Cohen’s judgment. Buz 
he should remember that the 
first priority of military of- 
ficials in any country is to 
safeguard the security of then- 
nation by having their troops 
combat-ready and acquiring 
the most effective weapons 
systems. Pleasing Congress, 
while not an insignificant 
matter to consider for U.S. 
allies, should receive a sec- 
ondary priority. In the current 
case, it is repented that Amer- 
ican Patriot missiles, twice as ' 
expensive as tee Russian SA- 
12s, are not suited to the 
Korean terrain and chat tee 
Russian missiles can be tech- 
nically modified to solve the 
interoperabili ty problem with 


ehange'&qd women aright fi=-T U3. equipment. 




nally gain a fair share of the 
world’s political power. 
JXMES GUSTAVE SPETHL. . 
’ ■ New.Yotk. 

The writer is director of the 
UN Development Program. 


Fully aware that tee United 


are remote from the ordinary 
citizen, and the ordinary cit- 
izen has very hole influence 
over teem. The British are 
absolutely right to be leery of 
a federal Europe, as are the 
Swiss. Norwegians and many 
Danes. Frenchmen and even 
Germans. But then maybe, 
tike the British, they also dis- 
like "wurst and garlic" and 
those who “babble away in 
foreign languages.” 

A single European cur- 
rency does not have to hap- 
pen. and currency fluctu- 
ations will not destroy tee 
single market any more than 
they have until now. What the 
single currency would do 
would be iq prevent .devalu- 
ation^ against the: Deutsche, 
mark and result in even more 


Ray threatens to betray tee 
legacy of Martin Luther King 
Jr. 

This is surely unjustified. 
Even Mr. Gairow admits teat 
Mr. Ray was in contact with 
racists who promised him a 
reward, and who probably 
abetted his flight to England. 

Dexter King can be for- 
given for drawing a connec- 
tion between the anonymous 
death threats that tormented 
his father and tee tragic ful- 
fillment of those threats on 
April 4, 1968. 

' JOHN T. SPIKE. 

Florence. 


In Fashion 

Regarding “IPs Un-Amer- 
ican " (Style. April 15): 

Rather than seeing Calvin 
Klein’s “origami folds" and 
Donna Karan’s "transparent 
patches" for what they are — 
an expression of maturing 
fashion designers exercising 
imagination and seeking new 
expression — their work is 
dismissed as evidence of in- 
sidious European infiltration, 
corrupting the "purity" of 
American fashion. 

TEYMOOR NAB ILL 
London. 


ASHINGTON — A 
decade ago someone 
sent me a squashed-looking 
photocopy of a poem called 
"Monet Refuses the Opera- 
tion.” It was a gentle mono- 
logue in which the Impres- 
sionist painter, advanced in 
age, explains to his doctor 
that no, he doesn’t want to 
undergo cataract' removal; 

I^ANWHILE 

he’s spent his whole life 
learning to see things blurry. 
The poet’s name was Lise] 
Mueller, and I knew exactly 
nothing about her until last 
week, when it was announced 
she had won the 1997 Pulitzer 
Prize in poetry. 

The poem itself contained 
considerably more informa- 
tion. though not about Ms. 
Mueller. With every reread- 
ing it seemed to bear more 
sharply on medical wonders 
and public conundrums from 
genetic engineering to cos- 
metic surgery — puzzles teat, 
in tee years since I first read it, 
have risen in visibility to 
make a fair bid for the status 
of Great Question of our 
age. 

What if we can. in fact, fix 
the body — as it seems more 
plausible every year that we 
can? Lifesaving surgery, 
elective cosmetic surgery. 
Prozac, tee lure of perfect 
children and tee gene ther- 
apies and diagnostics done in 
the womb — does their magic 
open a promised land where 
we all function perfectly — 
or all function alike? 

“Doctor," says Ms. 
Mueller’s Monet, “you say 
there are no haloes/around 
tee streetlights in Paris/and 
what I see is an aberration/ 
caused by old age. an afflic- 
tion. I tell you it has taken 
me all my life/to arrive at 
the vision of gas lamps as 
angels ... 

"Fifty-four years before I 
could see/Rouen cathedral is 
built/of parallel shafts of sunV 
and now you want to restore/ 
my youthful errors 

This is fanciful, but only 
slightly. If Monet could have 


gotten his eyes fixed, *boui<j 
he have? And if Monet reaih 
just painted his canvases 
foggy and blurry because of a 
simple eye problem, does an 
go away? 

With' a cloning story even- 
week, and the definition of 
"essential" medical care 
gone political beyond recov- 
ery. such questions are now 
so omnipresent as to ap- 
proach cliche. They cloak 
tee big shift we are only just 
beginning to glimpse: Unlike 
alf those past generations 
that wrestled with their in- 
ability to curb pain and suf- 
fering in an uncaring uni- 
verse, our struggles with the 
implications of our rising 
ability to do just that. If cif- 
izens with mood problems 
can fix them with Prozac, is 
every citizen entitled, or even 
maybe obligated, to have 
the treatment? And so on. ,md 
so forth. 

Poets tend to see things 
ahead. It doesn’t alwj>s mat- 
ter exactly wh>, or how they 
happened to see. and in some 
ways it's helpful not to know 
too much: You can't tell, 
from tee poem, whether Ms. 
Mueller really thinks Monet 
has tee answer or whether he 
is just- in a fine frenzy of artist- 
ic passion. 

There are two equally good 
ways to get intimately close ■ 
to a poet or novelist or mu- 
sician. to nourish the feeling 
of connection -with and af- 
fection for the thoughts in her 
head. The more usual one in 
an era of plentiful biograph- 
ical material is to look for 
more — research your artist, 
read up on anything by her <_.r 
about her. purchase a 700- 
page biography, join an In- 
ternet chat site and practice 
fandom. The other way is to 
keep reading the one poem 
you like over and over and 
over. 

"Monet Refuses the Op- 
eration" kept gening blurrier 
and more intriguing the more 
times I read it: the photocopy 
got squashier-looking each 
time I dug it out to pass it 
along. 

The HiuAriieftif Post 


States has 36.000 troops sta- regulations and hidebound ra- 
tioned in Korea; ui a "trip- terference from Brussels and 

Frankfurt. 


Sales Talk 

Regarding “ Secretary Co- 
hen's Sales Talk Hurts AUi- 


Around the worlds women oc- once" (April 14}: 


Gupy an average of only 14 
percent of managerial and ad- 
ministrative jobs. 12 percent 
of parliamentary seats and 6 
percent of cabinet positions. 

- Every government would 
be wise to heed these find- 
ings. Women are essential 
agents of political and eco- 
nomic advancement Invest- 
ing in their capabilities and 
empowering them to exercise 
their choices are the surest 
ways to contribute to eco- 
nomic growth and to tee over- 
all p rogre s s of society. His- 
tory proves chat whenever 
women have made choices 
for themselves and for soci- 
ety, they have chosen peace 
oyer war. And they have 
chosen equitable progress 
J dver progress exclusively for 
the rich and powerful. 

Economic statistics high- 
light another aspect of the 
problem. Each year, global 
economic data fail to account 
for a staggering $16 trillion 
because they leave out. tee 


Defense Secretary William 
Cohen’s recent “sales talk" 
has led many Koreans to won- 
der whether he is a top Amer- 
ican national security official 
or an arms dealer in dis- 
guise. 

Regarding South Korea’s 
plan to purchase surface-to- 
air missiles worth a total of $1 
billion, Mr. Cohen warned 
that it would be a mistake for 
tee Korean government to opt 
for Russian SA- 12s instead of 
American Patriot air defense 
missiles. While acknow 
mg teat tee Russians might 
well be offering “a good 
deal," be stated that it would 
not * ‘play weH in Congress at 
all" if the Korean govern- 
ment decided to accept the 
Russian offer — and take the 
missiles as an in-kind pay- 
ment against a $13 billion 
Russian debt with Korea. 

Maybe the combination of 
his extensive experience as a 
U.S. senator and lack of mil- 
itary experience has clouded 


wire" role, the ^Korean gov- 
ernment buys more than 80 
patent of its imported 
weapons from the United 
States, in addition to sharing 
the cost of keeping the U.S. 
troops in Korea. A thinly 
veiled threat like Mr. Cohen’s 
can only strain the alliance 
between the two countries, an 
alliance crucial for die secu- 
rity of Northeast Asia. 

While visiting Japan. Mr. 
Cohen reminded U.S. troops 
there teat it takes only “one 
bad deed" to spoil U.S. re- 
lations with its allies. Perhaps 
he doesn’t realize teat a care- 
less comment by a respon- 
sible official is also dam- 
aging. 

PHILLIP WONHYUK UM. 

Seoul. 

e A Federal Europe 

Regarding " The Thrust Is 
Toward Federation" ( Opin- 
ion , March 27) by Roy Den- 
man: 

The writings of a few in- 
tellectuals do not represent a 
public debate on the shape of 
Europe. (Who is Altiero 
Spinelli, anyway — Italy’s 
goalkeeper?) institutions 
such as tee European Coun- 
cil, the Council of Ministers, 
tee European Commission 
and the European Parliament 


Q.: HciwixiEsmiEimNSOK sxacxqpagainst todays sports 61SHT5? 





BjJJfl. m TV Sea (BahinMHcJ. CaH Sytubcut. 


The idea of a single 
European currency is being 
pushed by the German ruling 
elite, and not the average Ger- 
man citizen, because there is 
no public debate about it in 
Germany, unlike Britain. The 
British do not want to be part 
of any federal Europe with 
this increasingly arrogant, 
power-obsessed nation at its 
center. 

Also, there is no either/or 
choice between joining a fed- 
eral Europe and "unimport- 
ant isolation." The British are 
in fact tee least insular of all 
Europeans, which is why tee 
world communicates now in 
English and not in some other 
language. 

BARRY WORD. 

Hyogo, Japan. 

Internet Regulation 

Regarding " The Internet 
Goes on Trial, and So Does 
Democracy ” (Opinion. 
March 26) by Charles 
Levendosky: 

Mr. Levendosky fails to 
realize that to enjoy freedom, 
it needs to be well-regulated. 
This is why we have a police 
force to stop criminals from 
exercising their "freedom” 
to commit crime. This is why 
we need regulations to protect 
minors from tobacco compa- 
nies’ “freedom" to aim ad- 
vertising at young people. 
This is why we have regu- 
lations to prevent pollutors 
from exercising their "free- 
dom" to pollute. 

The Internet is a wonderful 
thing. But it is also prone to 
misuse. We cannot allow this 
medium to be used by radicals 
and terrorists to vent their an- 
ger and preach violence 
against legitimate authorities 
as the so-called militias have 
been doing in tee LTnited 
States. The Internet also is 
being used by fringe elements 
to disseminate information 
about bomb-making. In ad- 
dition. the Internet has in- 
creasingly become a chosen 
medium to promote porno- 
graphy involving children. 

To minimize these types of 
misuse, tee Internet needs to 
be properly regulated. 

MAHMOOD ELAHI. 

Ottawa. 

Dr. King’s Killer 

Regarding “ The Surreal. 
Tragic Tale of the Kings and a 
Killer" ( Opinion . April 3) by 
.Ga 


David J. narrow: 

Mr. G arrow writes 


that 


Dexter King’s effort to ex- 
tract tee truth from James Earl 





Germany’s 








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NEWSPAPER 




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I 


INTERNATIONAL 


C ashin g In on the Clinton Connection: The Strange Tale of Mr. Lee 



By John Pomfret 

WashiHRtiMi Post Service 


SEOUL — John K. H. Lee was trying 
to broker a lucrative business deal here 
in March 1996 when a dazzling floral 
tribute arrived at a dinner honoring one 
of his many enterprises. 

The wreath of lilies and roses ori- 
ginated. according to a pink bandanna 
wrapped around the bouquet, from 
“The American Clinton, president of 
the United States. 1 ' 

The flowers were impressive evi- 
dence of Mr. Lee's White House con- 
nections, a convincing factor in the de- 
cision by a South Korean electronics 
company to pour 51.3 million into a 
U.S. venture with the businessman. The 
only problem, the White House says, is 
that President Bill Clinton did not send 
them. 

In fact, according to documents filed 
with prosecutors here, the flowers were 
part of an elaborate scam allegedly per- 
petrated by Mr. Lee. 37. to bilk the 
electronics company, using the U.S. 
president’s name as bait. South Korean 
authorities arc now investigating Mr. 
Lee on the basis of a complaint filed by 
the company, investigators said. 

Mr. Lee sent the flowers to himself as 
part of a plot to lure investors into 
believing that he had friends in high 
places in America, the company alleges. 
That impression was enhanced when 
Mr. Lee won a meeting with Mr. Clinton 
after making a S 250,000 donation with 
company funds to the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee. 

Mr. Lee’s tale, revealed in documents 
and interviews in Seoul and Los 
Angeles, constitutes one of the stranger 
chapters in the Democratic Party's re- 
cent fund-raising troubles. It shows in 
the clearest terms the dangers inherent 
in the party’s apparent practice during 
the 1996 campaign of selling “face 
time" with Mr. Clinton in return for 
cash. 

While it has already been reported 
that Mr. Clinton played host to a con- 
victed drug dealer, an alleged embezzler 
and a Chinese Communist financier and 
bead of a military-owned amis com- 
pany, the Lee story is the first instance 
of an alleged scam being perpetrated 
with the assistance, albeit unwitting, of 
the Democratic Party’s lust for cam- 
paign donations. 

The story of Mr. Lee's alleged 
scheme contains just about every in- 
gredient of a bad novel. There is’high 
finance — a Rolls-Royce, two new Mer- 
cedes-Benzes and a Beverly Hills man- 
sion rented from a Saudi Arabian prince. 
There is low culture — an expensive 
karaoke machine and repons that Mr. 
Lee spent many nights entertaining 
South Korean nightclub hostesses at his 
rented California abode. 

There is a damaged career; A Cali- 


fornia mayor, ironically a Republican, 
has been voted out of office, largely 
because of his involvement in the epis- 
ode. 

And there are lots and lots of apparent 
lies. Mr. Lee. who barely speaks Eng- 
lish, claims to have a Ph.D. from a 
university in Sl Louis that is not listed 
in an exhaustive directory of accredited 
universities and colleges. The supposed 
topic of his apparently nonexistent thes- 
is: “Sin. Guilt and Guilt-Feeling." 

Mr. Lee, who left the United States 
after stories about his donation to the 
Democrats surfaced last autumn, is now 
believed to be in South Korea. 

According to sources in South Korea, 
the tale began in October 1995 when 
Mr. Lee met Young Chull Chung, then 

His group chatted with Me 
Clinton, and the Demo- 
crats were $250,000 richer: 

president of Ateck Co., a successful 
maker of staie-of-the-an billboard- 
sized television screens. Mr. Lee was 
fresh out of jail, having spent at least 
three months in prison in the mid- 1 990s 
in connection with a bribery scheme in 
Seoul. 

Ateck was a medium-sized company, 
with annual sales of around $50 million, 
that was looking for new markets. Sev- 
eral of its billboard-sized screens are in 
downtown Seoul, showing program- 
ming including advertisements and live 
news broadcasts. 

Mr. Chung declined to be inter- 
viewed. but sources close to him said the 
South Korean businessman was im- 
pressed by Mr. Lee. a smooth-talking 
self-described devout Christian who 
once hosted a South Korean radio show 
called “Dr. Lee's Tales for Everyday 
Life,” offering tips for an ethical life- 
style. 

The pair met frequently and. accord- 
ing to sources close to both men, Mr. 
Lee nried to persuade Mr. Chung to 
invest Ateck ’s money in several proj- 
ects. Mr. Lee. die company alleges, 
boated of ties to politicians in South 
Korea and the United States. He said at 
one point that he was a stepson of Pres- 
ident Kim Young Sam. Ateck sources 
said. He also said he knew people in the 
Democratic Party in the United States. 

Ateck officials said Mr. Lee came up 
with an idea of making jhe TV bill- 
boards in the United States. He told Mr. 
Chung he wanted to become his partner 
and help spread the business abroad. 

Mr. Chung said he would support Mr. 
Lee's idea to venture into the U.S. mar- 
ket if Mr. Lee could prove he had close 
ties with Mr. Clinton. Like many Asian 
businessmen. Mr. Chung believed that a 
direct conduit to the White House would 


guarantee success for his small com- 
pany. 

Mr. Lee and Mr. Chung formed an 
American subsidiary, Cheong Am 
America, based in Century City, Cali- 
fornia, to handle the U.S. operation. But 
before he would release money to Mr. 
Lee, Mr. Chung insisted on a direct 
meeting with Mr. Clinton. Korean 
sources said. Mr. Lee — and the Demo- 
cratic National Committee — obliged. 

Mr. Lee hooked up with Michael 
Mitoma, a Republican and the part-time 
mayor of Carson. California, who ar- 
ranges Investment opportunities in Asia 
and die United States. He is well known 
in Los Angeles' fast-growing 
Korearown. 

To secure Mr. Mitoma’s help, Mr. 
Lee promised that he would locate the 
plant in Carson. Mr. Mitoma said Mr. 
Lee told him he wanted a meeting with 
Mr. Clinton and was willing to pay top 
dollar to secure a private audience. Mr. 
Mitoma called the Democratic National 
Committee and left a message. John 
Huang returned the call, Mr. Mitoma 
said. 

Mr. Huang, a former Commerce De- 
partment official who worked as the 
party’s chief fund-raiser in the Asian- 
American community in the 1996 cam- 
paign, is at the center of the Justice 
Department’s Investigation of illegal 
campaign contributions to the Demo- 
cratic Party. He raised about S3 million 
for the party, much of which has been 
returned because of questions about its 
origins. 

Mr. Mitoma told Mr. Huang he bad a 
South Korean businessman who wanted 
to donate, and he said Mr. Huang 
offered several options, each with a 
price tag. Mr. Lee chose the most ex- 
pensive — dinner with the president for 
five people at $50,000 a head. Mr. Mi- 
toma said. 

At no time. Mr. Mitoma said in an 
interview, did Mr. Huang inquire about 
the source of the cash. Under U.S. law, 
foreigners and foreign companies can 
contribute to U.S. political campaigns 
only if they are U.S. residents and only if 
the company has generated revenue for 
the contribution in the United States. 
Cheong Am had not done a penny’s 
worth of U.S. business, so it was not 
legally entitled to make a contribution. 
It also is illegal to knowingly solicit or 
accept a contribution from a foreign 
national. 

Mr. Huang arranged for Mr. Lee, Mr. 
Chung and several associates to meet 
Mr. Clinton in Washington on the even- 
ing of April 8. 1996. There was a brief 
introduction in the lobby of the Sheraton 
Carlton Hotel, Mr. Mitoma said. 

The group spent five or 10 minutes 
with Mr. Cunton. Mr. Mitoma said, in 
which Mr. Mitoma explained the South 
Koreans’ plan to make billboard-sized 
TV screens. Mr. Clinton wished them 


BOOKS 


SPITE HOUSE: 

The Last Secret of the War 
in Vietnam 

Bv Monika Jensen-Sttvenson 371 pages. 
$25. W.W. Norton. 

Reviewed by Richard Bernstein 

A BOUT Four years ago. after a con- 
gressional visit to Vietnam to look 
into the issue of American troops miss- 
ing in action, three Vietnamese Army 
colonels were brought before foreign 
reporters in Hanoi to deny that any U.S. 
military personnel remained in Vietnam 
after the prisoner release of 1973. 

It happens that one member of the 
visiting delegation had been Robert R. 
Garwood, a former Marine private who 
had remained in Vietnam until 1979 and 
contended that he had seen Americans in 
the country as late as 1977. To deal with 
that issue, one of the Vietnamese col- 
onels told the reporters that Garwood 
was viewed by Vietnam “not as a U.S. 
prisoner but as a U.S. associate of the 
Vietnamese people, not an enemy." 

That statement will have a striking 
effect on anyone who reads Monika 
Jensen-Stevenson’s “Spite House: The 
Last Secret of the War in Vietnam.” 
Jensen- Stevenson ’s book is a detailed de- 
fense of Garwood against the U.S. gov- 
ernment’s claim that he defected to the 
enemy in the Vietnam War and was a 
traitor. 

Jensen-Stevenson’s contention is that 
Garwood is the victim of a terrible in- 
justice, one engineered by Vietnamese 
disinformation specialists during the 
war and. for reasons of bureaucratic self- 
preservation. sustained by the American 
military ever since. 

Bui her allegations go much further 
than that, so far in fact that, if they are 
true, they should generate a tremendous 
scandal. First, there is her allegation, sup- 
ported by information provided by 
former members of the Special Forces in 
Vietnam, that Garwood was for years the 


target of special American assassination 
teams whose task it was to kill other 
Americans believed to have gone over to 
the enemy. 

Beyond that, Jensen-Stevenson as- 
serts that special commando groups op- 
erating along the Vietnam -Cambodia 
border in 1973 actually did cany out 
assassinations of Americans who were 
believed either to have gone over to the 
enemy or to have engaged in unaccept- 
able behavior, like drug smuggling. She 
says that a Bruce Womack told a Marine 
intelligence officer that he had been in- 
volved in 32 such assassinations. 

It would take Womack a long time. 
Jensen-Stevenson writes, to recognize 
without self-delusion “what he had 
really been involved in: a free-ranging 
execution squad, dispensing rough, 
frontier-type justice without benefit of 
courts-martial. ’’ 

These are. quite obviously, startling 
and sensational allegations of the sort 
that would seem to call for an exhaustive 
official investigation. One therefore 
greets these most alarming elements of 
Jensen-Stevenson’s story with a reflex- 
ive incredulity, a reluctance to believe 
that such things could be true. And in- 
deed, without more evidence than Jen- 
sen-Stevenson provides, it is almost im- 
possible to verify whether the claims of 
■‘Spite House” are valid. 

Much of ber argument is persuasive, 
especially when it is backed up by the 
informed opinions of others. And yet 
skepticism, or at least a desire for further 
investigation, is justified as the overall 
response to this book. 

Jensen-Stevenson, for example, does 
not seem to have spoken directly with 
Womack, who is ber main source for her 
claim that dozens of assassinations of 
American soldiers took place. His story 
appears to have been related to ho- by 
others who knew Womack after the war. 

Similarly, much of what she relates 
about the experience of Garwood in cap- 
tivity, including being beaten, psycho- 


logically humiliated and made to witness 
executions of some who befriended Mm, 
comes from Garwood himself and cannot 
be verified by others. One story, for ex- 
ample. has Garwood camouflaging him- 
self with mud and crawling past the guard 
post of his jungle prison so he could steal 
food for a sick American who later died. 

Overall, “Spite House” has two in- 
tersecting stories. One is that of Gar- 
wood. who was the driver for a Marine 
Corps general in Vietnam. He disap- 
peared on Sept. 28. 1965. just 10 days 
before his tour of duty was scheduled to 
end. When he was released by Hanoi in 
1979, he was court-martialed for col- 
laborating with the enemy, and be was 
eventually dishonorably discharged. 

T HE second story is about Tom 
Chase McKenney, a former Marine 
intelligence officer with the secret and 
later notorious Phoenix program in Vi- 
etnam. McKenney was briefed in 1968 
by two American counterintelligence 
operatives who maintained that Gar- 
wood was not only a turncoat but also 
had led enemy troops in attacks on 
Americans. McKenney, who seems to 
be the source for much of Jensen- 
Stevenson 's account, spent the next 
couple of decades nursing an intense 
hatred for Garwood. 

The moral heart of Jensen-Steven- 
son’s account is Me Kenney’s conver- 
sion from a would-be assassin of Gar- 
wood into a believer in his innocence. 
Many elements of McKenney ’s change 
of heart and a good deal of additional 
material presented by Jensen-Stevenson 
are convincing. 

But in general, Jensen-Stevenson’s 
account of the "last secret of the Vi- 
etnam War” doesn't so much close the 
case on Garwood as it does' raise ques- 
tions about American conduct that cry 
out for further investigation. 

Richard Bernstein is on the staff of 
The New York Times. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

T HE world’s oldest bridge 
dub, predating the game, 
is the Portland in London. It 
was founded in 1825. The 
oldest on the other side of the 
Atlantic is the Hamilton in 
Philadelphia, which cele- 
brates its 1 1 Oth birthday this 
year. A founder was a 23- 
year-old lawyer named 
Miiion Work, who became 
the great authority on auction 
bridge and the popularteer of 
the 4-3-2- 1 point count. 

Two Hamilton Club teams 
battled in June in the final of 
the Philadelphia City Cham- 
pionship. If cast had bid five 
clubs at his first opportunity, 
North-South would no doubt 


have settled for a 300-point 
penalty. As it was. they man- 
aged to reach five diamonds, 

NORTH 
♦ AKJ72 
9542 
0 J 753 
*10 

EAST 
* 104 
<? — 

0 K42 

*A J 9876 42 


WEST 
*Q9X3 
0 Q 10 9 7 
C 98 
♦ KQ3 


SOUTH (D) 

*65 

O AK J863 

OAQWfi 

*5 

Neither side was vulnerable. The bid- 
ding: 

South 

4 0 
Pass 

West ted the dub king. 


West 

NcKtb 

East 

Pass 

I * 

4* 

5* 

pass 

5* 

Pass 


which had a chance, rather 
than five hearts, which would 
have been doomed by the bad 
split. 

The East-West defenders 
were Fred Van Fleteren and 
Marty Seligman. East played 
the club two on his partner’s 
club king lead, trying to sug- 
gest a heart ruff, but West 
correctly shifted to a trump. 
Dummy's jack was played, 
winning, and trumps were 
drawn with the help of the 
obvious finesse. 

The declarer, Tom Halton. 
cashed the heart ace and then 
thought long and hard when 
the bad split was revealed. 
The posraon reached is 
shown at right: 

“Come on. Tommy, down 
one, ” Seligman urged. Bui 


Halton was not convinced. He 
led a low heart, and West did 
his best by winning with the 
nine and leading a club, giv- 
ing a ruff and sluff. South 
ruffed in dummy, led to the 
heart king and played his last 
trump. West threw a spade, 
and a finesse of the jack gave 
South his contract. 

NORTH 
* A K J 72 
754 
07 

*- 


WEST 
* Q98 3 
cq las 
o — 

*Q 


EAST 

* 19 4 

v — 

« — 

* A J 9 8 7 6 


SOUTH 

*65 

?KiSfi3 
* 6 

A — 


luck, somebody took a few photo- 
graphs, and then Mr. Clinton walked 
away. 

Mr. Huang took back to the com- 
mittee a $250,000 check signed by Mr. 
Lee. After die contribution was first 
questioned by the Los Angeles Times 
last fall, party officials said they had 
accepted the money only because they 
believed it had been generated by a 
legitimate U.S. enterprise. 

Ateck sources said Mr. Chung, who 
didn’t understand Mr. Clinton, had been 
told by Mr. Lee that the president’s 
good-luck wish was as good as gold. 
Weeks later, Mr. Chung wired $1 3 mil- 
lion to a Korean-owned bank in Los 
Angeles, giving Mr. Lee effective con- 
trol of the money. 

Mr. Lee then launched a shopping 
spree of immense proportions in Los 
Angeles. According to receipts obtained 
by The Washington Post, Mr. Lee 
kicked it off on April 30 by plunking 
down $32,000 for a 1979 Rolls-Royce 


Silver Shadow. A day later, he bought a 
$40,000 Cadillac Fleetwood and an 
$85,000 Mercedes-Benz SL500R white 
convertible, both new. 

He also concluded a deal to rent the 
Beverly HDls mansion of Prince Faisal 
Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia for $7,500 a 
month. On May 2, he bought a $4,000 
leather chair. The next day, be got a 
black 1996 Mercedes-Benz S600V for 
$125,000. 

He also bought three television sets, 
an $8300 stereo, a $1,400 home 
karaoke set, $12,000 worth of other 
stereo equipment. $2,000 of home video 
equipment, and several thousand dol- 
lars’ worth of cameras, clock radios and 
razors, the receipts show. 

Finally, he bought an $18,949 
Yamaha piano. Mr. Lee bad told as- 
sociates he longed to do a duet with Mr. 
Ctmron. with him on piano and Mr. 
Clinton on sax. 

Fernando Kang, who served as 
Cheong Am ’s .executive secretary be- 


fore its Century City office was atamtiy 
abandoned in October, defended Mr, 
Lee's expenditures, saywf he had 
bought the fancy goods only because 

Mr. Chung wanted them. 

“Chung wanted to make Cheong Am 

America look tike it was 

business.’* Mr. Kang said. He ordered 

John Lee to buy all this stun. 

Last month, Mr. Mitoma lost his bid 
to for re-election as CaisonV mayor. 
During the campaign, his Democratic 
challenger put out a leaflet accusing him 
of involvement in what it dubbed the^ 
“donor gale” scandaL Mr. Mitoma, for 
his part, said he wished he had never met 
Lee. 

“You can’t tell who’s who in this 
world,” Mr. Mitoma said. “I look stu- 
pid and this guy looks pretty smooth.” 

In a final twist, when tbe Democrats 
returned Aleck’s $250,000 contribution 
late last year, it gave the money to Mr. 
Lee, not the company. Mr. Kang said 
Mr. Lee had spent it. 



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by 


THE WORLD'S DAILY NEWSPAPER 













PAGE U 


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INTERNATIONAL 


* Mobutu, Though Cornered \ Remains Defiant 


/ B y Howard W. French " 

Y Ww r«i Times Semin- 

* K1NMASA, Zaire -fa. 
steal of being drained by a 
rcnsis that would seem to offer 

i-hjrn no happy ending, Pres- 
tidentMobutn Sese Seko ap- 
v peais to have drawn energy 
-*om being thrust back onto 
-the world stage, 

- - Marshal Mobutu has been 
traduced by age and prostate 

cancer to a shadow oftbe vig- 
‘ Tarous-looking man in the 
^•marshal’s uniform whose 
fading official portraits still 
' appear everywhere in this 
:■ ’/City, and his once-absolute 
: power is crumbling. 

Despite a state of emer- 
/■gency and the appointment of 

- *2 nubtary-led government, 
£ Marshal Mobutu’s govern- 
ment's writ scarcely extends 


beyo nd die limits of this 
sprawling and rundown cap- 
ital. 

Yet in recent weeks Mar- 
shal Mobutu's infrequent ap- 
pearances have revealed a 
man in seemingly ever- 
stronger health who appears 
to have regained his supreme 
self-confidence. Invariably 
clad in his leopard-skin cap, 
he carries the carved cane 
that, according to legend, re- 
quires the strength of four or- 
dinary men to hoist 

When Marshal Mobutu, 
66, returned in late March 
from France, where he had 
spent most erf the last several 
months undergoing cancer 
treatment, he eschewed an of- 
ficial welcome, inadvertently 
spawning rumors that he had 
med or suffered a serious 
health setback. 


£ 


Instead of coming into the 
country with the fanfare that 
accompanied his last appear- 
ance. on this trip he turned 
away his prime minister of the 
moment and slipped unseen 
and nnphotographed into an 
official residence on the edge 
oftown. 

A week later, forced to dis- 
tbe rumors of his demise, 
rarshal Mobutu appeared at 
a news conference before 
scores of foreign journalists. 

Beginning his speech with 
the slow recitation, “My 
name is Mobutu.'’ he pro- 
jected the image of an am- 
nesiac reminding himself of 
his forgotten identity rather 
than a leader reassuring his 
followers. 

In naming a militar y gov- 
ernment -under emergency 
role in clear violation of the 


constitution. Marshal Mobu- 
tu has revisited the earliest 
days of his three decades in 
power. Now, as it did in 1965, 
all power flows directly from 
Marshal Mobutu, whose 
chosen symbols are the leo- 
pard and the eagle, the one for 
its predatory cunning and the 
other for its ability to hover 
serenely above mortals be- 
low. 

Moreover, just as it was in 
the early days of his rule. 
Marshal Mobutu’s country is 
in the grip of a rebellion that 
has severely tested the ability 
of the government in Kin- 
shasa to hold sway over its 
distant provinces. 

There is little doubt that 
this time the outcome will be 
radically different; rather 
than subduing rebels with the 
generous help of foreign 


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friends. Marshal Mobutu 
seems destined to go down to 
defeat, succumb to disease, or 
be forced into exile. But that 
has not stopped him from af- 
fecting some of his famous 
old arrogance and blithely 
cursing his fate. 

On Saturday, when the 
rebel leader Laurent Kabila 
gave the president an ultimat- 
um. insisting that he negotiate 
his resignation. Marshal Mo- 
butu responded. “If he asks 
me politely." Marshal Mo- 
butu added, "I cannot refuse 
to talk to a compatriot, but for 
him to be in Goma and say *1 
give him three days.' it's not 
my style or nature.'* 

Moments later, be added: 
“This kind of joke will back- 
fire. I am head of state. My 
country is Zaire and I don't 
know of anyone who has pro- 
posed my exile.'' 

For some foreign diplo- 
mats, Marsha] Mobutu's 
brave talk was nothing more 
than posturing in advance of a 
new round of negotiations in 
South Africa aimed at easing 
him out of power and avoid- 
ing what could be a devast- 
ating battle for control of Kin- 
shasa. 

Already, the rebels control 
more than half of the national 
territory and have seized 
nearly all of Zaire’s immense 
mineral wealth. In coming 
days, the rebels are expected 
to begin sweeping into Ba- 
ndundu Province, just east of 
the capital, which is one of the 
last two sources of food for 
Kinshasa's 4.5 million resi- 
dents. 

“You look at the situation 
here and wonder what cards 
the man has left to play." said 
one Western diplomat, who 
likened Marshal Mobutu's 
present position to that of the 
Haitian dictator. General 
.Raoul Cedras, just before his 
negotiated flight from his 
homeland into exile in 
September 1994. 

"I remember Cedras say- 
ing that his people would de- 
fend the country to the end, 
just a few days before he 
left,” the diplomat said. 
“Thai’s the nature of the 
game.” 

But many who know Mar- 
shal Mobutu well suspect that 
in his heart of hearts, this 
man, whose rule has lasted 
longer than the Berlin Wall, is 
not at all convinced that his 
cause is lost' 

On the positive side, these 
people say that Marshal Mo- 
butu can cite the failure, so 
far, of the civilian opposition 
to wrest Kinshasa from gov- 
ernment control, and prob- 
lems Mr. Kabila has en- 
countered in the last few days 
with opposition politicians 
who have strong followings 
in areas his troops have re- 
cently conquered. 

For many, however, even 
among Marshal Mobutu's 
most faithful associates, what 
this country's seven-month 
rebellion has proved is that 
the president, more than any- 
thing else, has lost the keen 
judgment that long made him 
the master of the complex 
geopolitical games of Central 
Africa. 

“People will try to ridicule 
die president while his power 
seems to be in tatters/' said 
one senior associate of Mar- 
shal Mobutu. “But if there is 
one person who still believes 
in the myth of Mobutu, it is 
Mobutu himself. And what is 
most dangerous here is that he 
could easily delude himself 
that he can prevail.” 



■\KfcSuL Srnn.' l£nu- t-rai» 

Mr. Kabila in Lubumbashi on Wednesday before leaving for South Africa. 


Kabila Shows Up for Talks 

But Rebel Leader fines to Take Kinshasa 


O. «*y in! in Our Suff t'rn i Dupottfes 

CAPE TOWN — The Zairian rebel leader, 
Laurent Kabila, arrived Wednesday in South 
Africa for talks aimed at easing his country's 
political crisis. 

Mr. Kabila was to meet with the UN special 
envoy. Mohammed Sahnoun, and President 
Nelson Mandela of South Africa, who were 
believed to be trying to broker a cease-fire. 

It was unclear whether he also would talk 
directly with Zairian government represen- 
tatives. 

Kofi Annan, the UN secretary -gen era!, 
urged all countries Wednesday to pressure 
Mr. Kabila to meet with Zaire's president. 
Mobutu Sese Seko. to work out the logistics 
of a transition for a “major political change” 
in Zaire and thus pave the way for free 
elections. 

“If we do not manage the change in Zaire 
the way we ought to, "with a concerted and 
sustained efforTof the international commu- 
nity and all parties, we may risk losing control 
of it,” Mr. Annan said in Germany. 

“‘Once this century Zaire went through a 
chaotic history. We do not want to repeat 
that." 

Mr. Kabila, speaking in Lubumbashi be- 
fore his departure from Zaire, said he did not 
expect to meet with Marshal Mobutu. 

“It is not important for me, who is he?” 
Mr. Kabila said. 

Marshal Mobutu, under increasing domes- 
tic and international pressure to step down 
after nearly 32 years in power, has said he is 
willing to meet with Mr. Kabila, who last 
week called for the ailing dictator to resign or 
go into exile. 

Asked his next objective, Mr. Kabila 
replied, “Kinshasa, and everybody knows 
it." 

He said he would be in the Zairian capital 
“in three weeks’ time, and I ara very se- 
rious." 

Switzerland, meanwhile, said Wednesday 
that former Zairian Prime Minister Kengo wa 
Dondo, who is wanted in Kinshasa, had 
entered the country but could not say whether 
he was still there. 

A Foreign ministry spokeswoman said Mr. 
Kengo, who had a valid Swiss visa, had 
arrived in Switzerland “in the last couple of 
days.” 

Earlier Wednesday, Belgium said it had 
recently issued a new six-month visa to the 
former prime minister, but a Foreign Ministry 
spokesman in Brussels said Mr. Kengo ’s cur- 
rent whereabouts were not known. 

Zaire's information minister, Kin-Kiey 
Mulumba. said Tuesday his country was is- 
suing an international arrest warrant for Mr. 
Kengo after Zaire’s new government team 
had found the national treasury empty. 

Mr. Kengo was voted out of office three 
weeks ago.f AP. Reuters) 

■ Rebels Sign $1 Billion Accord 

Zaire's rebel alliance paused Wednesday 


in its war to topple Marshal Mobutu to sign a 
$1 billion deal to exploit the fabled mineral 
wealth of Shaba Province, Reuters reported 
from Lubumbashi, the provincial capital. 

The goal of the accord is to relaunch the 
broken-down mines of Shaba, formerly 
known as Katanga, which once worked the 
world's richest deposits of copper, cobalt and 
zinc but slumped into decrepitude under Mar- 
shal Mobutu's govemment. 

The agreement with America Mineral 
Fields Inc., the biggest to date by the Al- 
liance of Democratic Forces for the Lib- 
eration of the Congo, was signed in Lub- 
umbashi. 

“Everybody is going to profit from these 
agreements," Mr. Kabila's finance chief. 
Mwana Nanga Mawanpanga. said. 

“Above all. investment must profit the 
people of this country and especially those in 
the region where resources are developed." 

Initial injections of cash would also help 
pay for the war to topple Manual Mobutu, 
“which is our No. 1 priority," he added. 

. Mr. Kabila's forces now control about half 
of Zaire. 

America Mineral Fields’ chief, Jean-Ray - 
mond Boulle, stud he supported the rebel 
cause and had full confidence that what his 
company regards as the de facto government 
of rebel-held territories would become the 
new government of Zaire. 

The deal involves deposits and mines un- 
der the control of Zaire's state-owned Ge- 
camines, which will be exploited and mod- 
ernized by America Mineral Fields as a joint 
venture, with the American company con- 
trolling 51 percent and Mr. Kabila’s alliance 
holding a minority blocking share of 49 per- 
cent. 

Three separate accords cover the exploi- 
tation of copper-cobalt tailings at Kolwezi, 
the rehabilitation of mines at Kipushi, near 
the Zambian border, and creation of what Mr. 
Boulle called the world's largest zinc smelter 
at Kipushi, with a capacity of 200,000 metric 
tons a year. 

The company also planned to build an acid 
plant with an annual output of 400.000 tons to 
replace the costly Gecamines practice of im- 
porting acid to die middle of Africa for the 
refining process. 


Gunmen Torch a Bar 
In Portugal, Killing 12 

The Associated Press 

LISBON — Three masked gunmen burst 
into a topless bar Wednesday in northern 
Portugal and set it ablaze with gasoline, 
killing 12 people and injuring 14 others. 

Most of the bodies were found by a locked 
fire door, the local fire department said. 

The police were trying to determine a 
motive for the attack, which left the Mea 
Culpa bar and discotheque in Amarante a 
charred wreck. 



TOE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


Soyyhi AzUH/TIk Acaocuiled Pru 

Hutu refugee children waiting Wednesday in a UN truck at the town of Goma. Zaire, before being repa- 
triated to Rwanda. They were among 1,500 refugees sent back during the day by the UN refugee agency. 






PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


HEALTH / SCIENCE 


Were Some Early Americans Caucasoid? 


By Boyce Rensberger 

Washington Post Service 


the story about the peopling of North 
America,” said Dennis Stanford, an au- 


W ASHINGTQN — Skelet- 
ons unearthed in several 
Western stales and as far 
east as Minnesota are chal- 
lenging the traditional view that the 
earliest Americans all resembled 
today's Asians. The skeletons' skulls 
bear features similar to those of 
Europeans, suggesting that Caucasoid 
people were among the earliest humans 
to migrate into the New World more 
than 9,000 years ago. 

Anthropologists have known of such 
bones for years, but did not fully ap- 
preciate their significance until re- 
appraising them over the last few 
months. 

The new analyses were prompted by 
die discovery last summer of the newest 
addition to the body of evidence — the 
skeleton of a man who died about 9,300 
years ago near what is now Kennewick. 
Washington. One of the most complete 
ancient skeletons found in the United 
States, the bones were immediately rec- 
ognized as Caucasoid, leading those who 
first examined them to think they were 
the remains of a European settler. 

“It's an exciting time, and I think 
we're going to see some real changes in 


America,” said Dennis Stanford, an au- 
thority on early human history in North 
America at the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion's National Museum of Natural His- 
tory. “I think we’re going to see the 
whole completion of North American 
prehistory change real fast." 

D. Gentry Steele, an anthropologist at 
Texas A&M University, speculates that 
people of both races migrated into North 
America in separate waves, possibly 
thousands of years apart. Where they 
met, he suspects, they “made love, not 
war.' ' and thus both populations may be 
ancestral to some or all of today's Na- 
tive Americans. 

Until now, most anthropologists 
thought that the earliest humans to in- 
habit the Americas all resembled today's 
Asiatic peoples, popularly called Mon- 
goloids. Prehistoric Americans are 
thought to have migrated from Siberia 
into Alaska and then spread southward, 
probably during an ice age when sea 
levels were hundreds of feet lower than 
now. exposing a “land bridge.” 

Now many anthropologists maintain 
that early colonization of the Americas 
was a more complex process, involving 
not only Mongoloids but Caucasoids as 
well. Some Native American peoples 
today resemble the people of Asia and 


some are more European. Much of this 
mixture is the product of intermarriage 
in recent centuries, but some may date 
back thousands of years. 

The reappraisal of prehistoric Amer- 
icans also is providing an explanation 
for the Ainu people of Japan. A dis- 
tinctly European-looking population 
with light skin, wavy hair and heavy 
beards, the Ainu were living on islands 
off Asia thousands of years ago, when 
Mongoloid people from the mainland 
crossed the water to found the modem 
Japanese nation. 


T ODAY’S Ainu — historically 
a despised minority group, 
many of whom now live on 
reservations — have long 
puzzled anthropologists because they 
lived so far from any other known region 
of Caucasoid habitation and because 
people of more typical Asiatic physical 
form filled a large intervening territory. 

Anthropologists now suspect — but 
cannot prove — that the presence of 
European-type people in Japan and in 
North America in prehistoric rimes in- 
dicates that the race spread far from its 
presumed homeland in western Asia 
much earlier than had been thought. 

Perhaps the most intensively ex- 
amined of the skeletons is that of a man 


who died about 9,400 years ago and was 
laid 10 rest in Spirit Cave. Nevada. His 
remains were discovered in 1940 but 
their age was not determined, until last 
year. Dr. Owsley recently examined the 
remains in great detail and, in his report 
to the Nevada Stale Museum, where the 
skeleton is housed, said, “It does have a 
‘European' or ‘archaic Caucasoid' look 
because morphometrically it is most 
similar to the Ainu from Japan and a 
medieval period Noise population." 

Still, Dr. Owsley cautioned, this does 
not mean the man's ancestors were from 
Europe. 

Some anthropologists reject the 
Caucasoid label for the prehistoric skel- 
etons. Donald K. Grayson of the Uni- 
versity of Washington, for example, says 
that using the word raises “a red flag, 
suggesting that whites were here earlier 
and Indians were here later.” That, he 
contends, implies that the ancient peoples 
who reached the New World were like 
today’s Europeans or American whites. 

In fact, as some other anthropologists 
note, the “apparently Caucasoid” skel- 
etons may represent a physical type that 
was not ancestral to today's Europeans 
but may have given rise to the Ainu and 
other groups , such as the Polynesians, 
who do not resemble modem Asians but 
do have a somewhat Caucasoid cast. 


African Predators Catching TB From Prey 


By Donald G. McNeil Jr. 

A’w York Timet Senice 


K ruger national park. 

South Africa — The age-old 
story of the hunter and the 
hunted — the lion and the 
buffalo — seems so predictable. But in a 
twist with overtones of poetic justice, the 
latest chapter in the great struggle of 
nature is being rewritten here: the prey are 
bringing down the predators by Infecting 
them with tuberculosis. 

The bovine version of the disease, 
spreading from domestic cattle to wild 
buffalo, has become a serious threat in 
Kruger National Park, the jewel of 
Soufe Africa's park system. In the last 
two years, it has spread to lions, chee- 
tahs. kudu and baboons. 

“It's quite a problem,'' said Dr. 
Dewald F. Keet, the park’s senior veter- 
inarian. “Virtually half of the buffalo 
herds in the park ore considered in- 
fected. Every time we do a post-mortem 
now, one of the first things we look for is 
tuberculosis." 

Tuberculosis has been found in the 
past in other parks, from Queen Elizabeth 


buffalo - 


Park in Uganda to Wood Buffalo Na- 
tional Park in Canada. But because 
Kruger is one of the world's most famous 
and undoubtedly the continent’s best- 
organized, it breeds and exports many 
species around Africa, from elephants to 
hippopotamuses, zebras and white and 
black rhinoceroses. If the tuberculosis 
spreads to those species. Kruger could be 
cur off from that income, and efforts to 
rebuild the continent's animal popula- 
tions could suffer. 

Kruger also has many desperately 
poor cattle-raising people on its western 
border. As buffalo nuzzle their domestic 
sweethearts through the fence, they can 
pass on the infection and. since the 
cows' owners drink un pasteurized milk, 
it could reach humans. 

The park is proposing a far-reaching 
eradication plan thar would involve 
killing 10.000 buffaloes. Park officials 
feel they have no choice. 

‘ ‘We'll have to be very careful in how 
we market the strategy.” said Bruce 
Bryden. the park's head ranger. * ‘These 
measures may not go over very well 
with the public. It's like an ostrich, 
though. You can put your head in the 


sand and take it out later, but the prob- 
lem won't have gone away.” 

Tuberculosis is an age-old killer, and 
forms of the mycobacterium can strike 
any mammal or bird on Earth. South 
Africa has die highest known human 
tuberculosis infection rare in the world, 
according to the World Health Orga- 
nization. About 350 of every (00,000 
people are infected, and a campaign is 
under way here to eradicate the disease. 

Doctors have long known how the 
disease is transmitted and cured in hu- 
mans. Some research has been done on 
its effects in dairy herds and in zoos. But 
in the wild, where dozens of species live 
together and eat each other, it remains 
largely a mystery. 


A ND even when it is suspec- 
ted. one cannot easily get 
chest X-rays from a rhino- 
ceros or sputum samples 
from a leopard. A skin test exists for 
buffaloes, and kudu betray tuberculosis 
infection by facial swelling, but the only 
way ro diagnose the disease in other 
animals is through autopsy. 

Bovine tuberculosis is European in 


By Jane E. Brody 

No*' York Times Service 


and span — a* from an rntematiand p eripedmr. 

Ttaha odventaga of fas fareied mporfcwjy to fry fie I nto nulicxia l Harold 
Tribune with a bw cos/, 2-moiMn tnd sobscriphan and snjoy aeJiwy to yw 
heme or office every morning. 


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EW YORK — Charlie Hamm, the 59- 
year-old president and chief executive 
of the Independence Savings Bank in 
Brooklyn, is not the retiring type. He is 
an irrepressible leader, a champion of his borough 
and the people who live there. 

He has also been a lifelong squash and tennis 
player, but his hips gradually became so stiff and 
painful he could hardly walk. So in January. Mr. 
Hamm joined about 125,000 Americans who will 
undergo hip replacement surgery this year. With 
two new titanium joints and daily physical therapy, 
he will soon be ready to engage in all kinds of 
activities that he has been watching from the 
sidelines for years. 

The procedure was once limited almost entirely to 
people over 60, who would be likely to subject their 
new joint to less stress for fewer years than younger 
people. Bur unproved techniques have removed the 
age barriers, and growing numbers of people in their 
30s, 40s and 50s are rediscovering an active life after 
having crippled joints replaced with artificial ones. 
About one-third of hip replacements are now done 
on adults younger than 65. 

Even 20 years after hip replacement surgery, in 
which old methods were used in older people. 95 
percent of the patients rated the results as better or 
much better than their condition before surgery, 
according to a study of 1 12 patients who were 
operated on at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, 
Minnesota, in 1968 and 1969. 

And in a study of 180 patients who got new hips 
at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York in 
1 988, more than 90 percent said they were satisfied 
with the pain relief, improved ability to walk and 
psychological benefits and would have the surgery 
again if necessary. 

Although orthopedic surgeons who specialize in 
hip replacement do not encourage their postoper- 
ative patients to pursue stressftd activities like 
football, basketball, downhill skiing, ice skating or 
singles tennis, some do return to vigorous sports, 
and a vast majority are able to be physically active, 
usually for the first time in many years. Robert 
Doherty, then of Briarcliff Manor. New Yoric, and 
an agent for New York Life Insurance Co., was 
thrilled to find that after hip replacement surgery at 
the age of 57 and postoperative physical therapy, he 
was able to go back to playing golf and tennis. 
* ‘ With the latest techniques doctors are using today, 
it is amazing what can be accomplished,” he said 

Bo Jackson, whose professional football career 
was abruptly ended by a routine tackle that 
severely damaged his hip. returned after hip re- 
placement surgery to his first sport: baseball. In his 
first at- bat as a member of the Chicago While Sox. 
he hit a home ran and sent the spirits of hundreds of 
thousands of hip replacement patients soaring. 

But experts fear that Mr. Jackson has also sent 
the wrong message to fellow patients because the 
demands of baseball will almost certainly shorten 
the life span of his new hip. 


Pelvis v 
(Hip bone) 


a \ 
h * 

L & 

V 


Implant 


Femur 
(Thigh bone) 

I Bone infiltration 


Cementless 

Replacement 

Joint 

In the 1980s. hip 
replacements were 
devised with porous 
surfaces into which 
bone can grow to 
hold the joint in 
place. They hold 
up better under the 
stresses pert on 
them by physically 
active people. 


Area of detail 


mm 


Bnstot-M&yers/Zimmen NYT 


Porous surface 


aineblelNtt. 


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A RTHRITIS — rheumatoid in most 
younger people and osteoarthritis in 
chose over 60 — is the most common 
reason for needing a hip replaced. Other 
candidates, also usually young, are athletes and 
accident victims with severe injuries to a hip 
I joint. 

For those with arthritis, the surgery is usually 
recommended when the pain can no longer be 
managed by medication and the person’s ability to 


meet the demands of life has become seriously 
impaired. 

Total hip replacement results in an almost im- 
mediate transformation. It relieves pain, restores 
virtually all motion and sharply improves the per- 
son's quality of life. Even among the elderly, about 
90 percent are able to get along without assistance. 

The replacements last, on average. 20 to 30 
years, but they can last indefinitely. 

The hip is a ball-in-socket joint, with the ball 
being the upper end of the femur (thigh bone) and 
the socket an indentation in the pelvis. Lining the 
end of the bone and the socket is articular cartilage, 
which acts as a cushion, keeping the bones from 
rubbing together. 

In osteoarthritis, with chronic wear and tear, the 
cartilage gradually deteriorates, resulting in grind- 
ing pain and inflammation with each movement of 
the hip joint. The artificial hip replaces the damaged 
bail-in-socket joint. It has two main pieces. A 
nonreactive metal shaft, with a metal or ceramic boll 
at the top, is fitted into the thigh bone. The other half 
is a cup-shaped socket of tough plastic, encased in 
metal, into which the hall of the metal shaft fits. 

The original hip replacements relied entirely on 
cement to hold the artificial joint in place. But 
through the years, pressure on the new joint often 
caused the cement to crack and the artificial joint to 
loosen. The younger the patient and the more 
vigorous the person’s acti vines, the more quickly 
the artificial nip was likely to fail. 

To get around this problem, surgeons devised a 
new technique in the 1980s: the cemendess joint 
Instead of being a smooth, solid piece, the ce- 
mentless implant has a roughened, porous surface 
into which bone can grow and hold the new joint in 
place. 

Dr. Jacob D. Rozbruch. former chief of or- 
thopedic surgery at Beth Israel Medical Center 
North in New York, explained, “A special coaling 
on the implant encourages the surrounding bone to 
grow into the prosthesis, making it an integral part 
of the body.” 


Do-It-Yourself Resuscitators ^ 

When a person's heart stops, the use of new 
external defibrillators may increase the victim s Frances w f 
The machines can administer an electric shock bef 
arrives — saving valuable time. 



OPEN UD TO ACTIVATE 
Opening the fid 
turns it on and 
activates a series of 
voice promptsthat 

instruct the user. 


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application 
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Two electrodes are 
then placed on 
either side of the 
victim’s chest to 
analyze the heart 
rhythm. 


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origin, and for decades. Dr. Keet said, 
veterinarians were taught that it simply 
would not survive in Africa’s bright 
sunshine and arid climate. Moreover, 
since it does not kill whole herds as 
anthrax and rinderpest do, it was as- 
sumed that predators would suppress 
any chance outbreak — in Africa, an 
animal that weakens is Soon pulled 
down and devoured. 

In fact, that may be what happened 
for three decades. The disease is be- 
lieved to have first entered the park in 
1959 or 1960. A cattle ranch near Cro- 
codile Bridge, at the park's southeastern 
comer, had an outbreak of bovine tuber- 
culosis so virulent that its entire herd of 
mixed European and Asian stock had to 
be destroyed. In those days the park was 
unfenced' “Cattle and buffalo mixed 
and no one thought anything of it.” Dr. 
Keet said. 

Bovine tuberculosis has never been 
eradicated when it is shared between a 
domestic species and a wild one; do- 
mestic cattle have shared it with badgers 
in England, opossums in New Zealand 
and feral pigs and Asian buffaloes in 
Australia. 






administer shock If 
a shock is needed, 
the machine charges 
itself and instructs 
the user to push a 
button that can 
deliver up to 3 
electric shocks. If a 
shock is not needed, 
the machine wiH 
advise the user to 
administer CPR 


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Use of Defibrillators s' 
Vital in Heart Attacks: 

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Experts Urge Wider Availability \ 


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By Jane Fritsch 

Nnv York Tunes Service 


EW YORK — When Tony 
Cox's heart stopped beating, 
he was working, out on a 
treadmill at the Reebok Club 
On Manhattan's Upper West Side.' 

Theoretically,' his "odds of survival, 
were as high as 60 percent or 70 percent. 
A doctor was exercising nearby and a 
club employee was a trainee paramedic; 
they began working on him immedi- 
ately. Others called 911. And the club 
was only 10 blocks from St- Luke's- 
Roosevelt Hospital, whose ambulances 
respond to 911 calls. 

But Winston Hill (Tony) Cox. a 55- 
year-old father of four and the former 
chairman of Showtime, died that Sat- 
urday afternoon last September. 

He might have had a chance, doctors 
said, if emergency medical workers had 
arrived sooner with a defibrillator, a 
machine that delivers an electric shock 
to restart the heart. But it took 16 ex- 
cruciating minutes for the ambulance to 
arrive that day, far more than the five- or 
six-minute window of hope. 

In New Yoric City, in fact, the like- 
lihood of being revived after cardiac 
arrest is only about 1 percent The con- 
gealed traffic in New York — and in 
most American cities — and the vast 
distances ambulances must travel in rur- 
al areas mean that emergency workers 
simply cannot reach most cardiac arrest 
victims in time. 

Cardiologists estimate that a half or 
more of the 350,000 people who die of 
cardiac attest in the United States each 
year could have been saved. 

Cardiologists now argue that it is time 
to give up on emergency medical squads 
as the chief means of reviving heart 
patients. In the last year, the American 
Heart Association has begun to push for 
much wider availability of defibrillat- 
ors. The devices should be placed just 
about everywhere, the association con- 
tends — id factories, health clubs, apart- 
ment buildings, and even in private 
homes, and available for use by a variety 
of nonmedical people, like security 
guards and doormen. Within a decade, 
the association hopes, the devices 
should become as common as fire ex- 
tinguishers. 

While the heart association 's propos- 
al may seem simple, state laws and 
federal regulations are in the way. 

The Food and Drag Administration, 
which regulates the machines, has not 
considered whether they are safe and 
effective for use by the general public. 

State emergency radical directors 
have joined together to oppose the wide- 
spread use of defibrillators, saying that 
the matter needs more study. 

Still, the heart specialists plan to fight 
aggressively for their plan, kicking it off 


of fire new. lightweight models last falL 
but only for prescription use. -* 

The average cost is about $3,000, but 
the price is expected ' to drop signif- 
icantly if the market is opened to all who 
want to buy them. 1 

The collection of data on deaths from 
cardiac -arrest is haphazard;, making the 
cares dffficult-to compare; But experts 
generally agree that dismal ■ .survival 
rates apply to all but a few American 
cities and most suburban and. rural 
areas. n 

“This is an area that has been hide- 
bound by rules and laws mid reguJtiri 
tions,” said Dr. Myron L. Weisfeldt, the 
chairman of the Department of Medi- 
cine at CoIumbia-JPresbyterian Medical 
Coiter and the head of the heart as- 
sociation's task force on defifaifiator^ 

“If the defibrillators aren’t there, arsd-^F 
the survival rate is less than 5 percent, 
then you’d better find a way to get them 
there.” Dr. Weisfeldt said. 

Like Mr. Cox, about half of all those 
who die of heart disease die suddenly 
and unexpectedly, without ever having 
shown any symptoms, the heart asso- 
ciation says. Many are unaware feat 
they have clogged arteries or other types 
of heart disease. .} 

fa Mr. Cox's case, an autopsy showed 
that three coronary arteries were 
blocked, but there was no sign of tftfc 
muscle damage that would have .been 
present if he had had a heart attack: J 
If Mr. Cox’s heart had been restarted, 
he might have been a candidate for 
cardiac bypass surgery. Dr. Nicholas 1 
Fortum, a professor of medicine at 
Johns Hopkins, said. That procedure 
restores blood flow to fee beret and can 
add decades to a life. But Mr. Cox mig&tuL. 
have died even wife early defibrination.* ’ 
Dr. Fortum said. u 

Cardiac arrest does not necessarily 
mean a heart attack occurred. ■ -i 
Arterial blockages alone can causb 
the heart's electrical impulses to be- 
come disorganized and incapable of co- 
ordinating fee contractions mat keep fefe 
heart beating normally. «* 


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T HE disorganized electrical 
activity, called ventricular fib- 
rillation, can last for about 
five minutes. During fedt 
time, a shock from a defibrillator can 
reorganize the electrical impulses sb 
that the heart resumes normal beating. 

But with each passing rnfaute, fee 
likelihood of successful defibrillatiqn 
drops significantly. Expertly done car- 
diopulmonary resuscitation can buy thp j 
victim a little more time, but it is useles 3 * 
unless a defibrillator arrives quickly, 
before all electrical activity in tne heart 
has ceased. • 

It is a common notion suggested far 
television shows and movies feat de- 
fibri Uation is not done until a lids 
appears on a heart monitor, but feats 
not so. A flat tine indiraip; that there Is 
no electrical activity in fee heart at ai|» 
and therefore no electrical impulses to 
be reorganized by a shock from a de- 
fibrillator. i 

Dr. John La Rook, a Manhattan in- 
ternist and friend of Mr. Cox, was sb 
disturbed by his friend’s unexpected 
death that be has since purchased a 
defibrillator and keeps it at his apart- 
ment on Central Park West s 

Sometimes, he even takes his defiB- 
nllator to his regolar basketba ll game fa 
Brooklyn, where he plays wife friends , 
wife ages ranging from fee 3tis info ffife f 
^ ^ laughed at him. Dr. La 

Pook . said, but they soem to have come ti> 
appreciate having fee thing around, i 


at a meeting this week in Washington. 
Not too long ago, defibrillators were 


Not too long ago, defibrillators were 
so complicated fear the operators had to 
be specially trained to read the screens 
and interpret the heart waves. But the 
heart association says a new generation 
of automatic, easy-to-use machines has 
been developed that can be operated by 
almost anyone. The new lightweight 
machines analyze heart rhythms, decide 
whether a shock is needed, and give 
simple voice instructions. The machines 
will not shock a person who does not 
need it, the makers say. 

What has made the machines prac- 
tical, the association says, are five-year 
lithium batteries that eliminate the need 
for regular maintenance. The Food and 
Drag Administration approved several 


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BUSINESS/FINANCE 


THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


PAGE 13 


izatioji 


Yamaichi 
Plans to Aid 
Ailing Units 


S&P Downgrades 2 
Of Top 4 Brokerages 

I 0^db,OmSkfP jwffipKi, 

j TOKYO — Yamaichi Securities Co 
J}aid Wednesday that it planned to help 
troubled affiliates as the company con- 
sidered measures to strengthen its op- 
erations before Japan’s planned finan- 
cial industry deregulation. 

I The announcement came as the U.S. 
credit-rating agency Standard & Poor’s 
Corp. said it was reviewing with neg- 


i ropes 


Yamaichi Securities, which is one of 
Japan's top four brokerages, and lower- 
ing ratings on two more. 

] Standard & Poor’s said it would 
k i ‘evaluate Yamai chi’s weakening fi- 
r ^anciaL performance, its position in the 
industry and the potential impart on the 
Securities company of Japan's ‘Big 
Bang’ financial deregulation.' ' 

1 Standard & Poor's also said Wed- 
nesday that ft had lowered its long- and 
short-term credit ratings for two more of 
the top four brokerages, Daiwa Secu- 
rities Co. and Nikko Securities Co. 

i “The rating action reflects the pro- 
longed poor performance of Japanese 
securities firms and die expected neg- 
ative impact of ongoing deregulation, m 
particular the liberalization of stock- 
brokerage commissions,” it said, 
adding it was also switching its outlook 
for both from stable to negative. 

? Yamaichi, meanwhile, said that it 
would also decide on measures to assist 
the struggling affiliates as soon as pos- 
sible. 

A source at Y amaichi Securities said 
it would buy about 600 million yen ($4.8 
million) in new shares of an 
brokerage, JDtaidbn Securities Co., , to 
help prop up the troubled unit The 
shares are to be issued through a third- 
party allotment as early as neax week. 

“The company is considering help- 
ihg its affiliates horn a number of view- 
points,” a spokesman said. He said die 
Company may merge some affiliates or 
Bail them out 

ii The Yamaichi affiliates are Naigai 
Securities Co., Nairn Securities Co., 
DaichuShoken and Ogawa Shoken. 

y ttaiw^, : Nikko -'and Yamaichi are 
rmked as -die second* fomianrL fourth, 
largest brokerages behind Nomura Se- 
curities Co., whose outlook was down- 
loaded from stable to negative last 
month. (Reuters, Bloomberg, AFP) 


ai s som& examples: 


■M On Feb. 21 .Scholastic 
'pM Inc, said sales were 
fi|| slumping, news that sent 
its stock tumbling. Here 
is trading in put options 

K on the company expiring 
in February mid March. 


I VrV/.V _ 

\ p 


Procter & Gamble 


announced April 9 that 
t'f- it would buy Tambrands. 
!JS Here is trading in call 
&?• options on Tambrands 
expiring in 1 997. 


100 contracts 


Thursday, ► 

- Feb. 20 ■ 
96 


expin 

■'i~ s#K 

Vf 4,000 

Ife 3.000 


Bankers Trust announced 
April 7 that it would buy 
Alex. Brown. Here is 
trading in call options on 
Alex. Brown expiring 
in April and May. 


4,000 contracts 


Tuesday, ► 
— April 8 ■ 

4^95 


3.000 contracts 
2300 

2.000 

1,500 

Tooo 

"“500 


Friday. ►. 
April 4 


Feb. 14 




The New Vort Tana 


Insider Trading Makes a Comeback 


By Jo nathan Fuexbringer 

' New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — Insider trading, the 
crime that made Wall Street and greed 
synonymous in the 1980s, is back. 

The perpetrators are more likely to 
be corporate employees and their golf- 
ing buddies or family members than 
investment bankers. And die illegal 
pro fit s are often much smaller. 

Bat the merger mania of the past 
two years has created huge new op- 
portunities for corporate insiders to 
profit from privileged information 
about their companies’ merger plans. 
The six-year boll market has only 
whetted mvestexs* appetites for easy 
riches. As a result, the number of sus- 
picious cases attraming regulators’ at- 
tention is tacking up and, in some 

dimensions, breaking records set a de- 
cade aga 

Regulators at the National Asso- 
ciation of Securities Dealers, who 
monitor the vast Nasdaq stock market 
of more than 5,000 companies, are 
inming up suspicious trading activity 
almost daily. Aided by advanced soft- 
ware systems, they are able to spot 
sudden surges in stock price and 
volume that precede market-moving 
MinnimrHiifflin , study the trading pat- 
terns and turn over the most likely 
cases of insider trading to the Se- 
curities and Exchange Commission. 

In 1996, regulators referred 121 such 
cases to the SEC, breaking die record of 
115 set in 1986. when Ivan Boesky was 


tiie poster boy for insider trading. The 
pace has accelerated sharply, to 53 
cases in tins year’s first quarter. 

“Not only are the number of referrals 
Up, the quality of the referrals has also 
improved.’’ said Barry Goldsmith, a 
senior regulator. That means, he said, 
that the cases woe better researched 
and more likely to lead to charges. 

The New York Stock Exchange is 
also experiencing an surge in dubious 
trading activity. It sent 48 potential 
rrimmal cases to the SEC last year, 
well above the average of about 28 
from the previous three years, though 
shy of me 57 referrals it made m 
1989. 

On Tuesday, acting chi a tip of sus- 
picious trading volume in opticus 
from the Pacific Stock Exchange in 
San Francisco, the agency accused two 


Toe two, a trader named Ong Cong- 
gin Bobby and an unknown person 
operating in Zurich, bought options 
Riday in the stock of APL Ltd., a 
cargo-shipping line, ahead of the 
Sunday announcement that APL was 
being taken over by Neptune Orient 
Lines Ltd. The 1.690 options that the 
individuals acquired accounted for 74 
percent of the trading volume in those 
securities Friday. 

The SEC got a temporary restrain- 
ing order to freeze the assets of both 
persons. Mr. Ong. according to the 
SEC, had already ordered the sale of 
some of his options to secure his profit 
of almost $574,000 if he had been able 


to sell all the options. Had the un- 
known purchaser in Zurich been able 
to cash out, be or she was looking at a 
total profit of almost $400,000 based 
on Tuesday's prices. 

Regulators are cracking down on 
insider trading not just to punish 
wrongdoers. They are also determined 
to create a level playing field, espe- 
cially for small investors. 

For that reason, they are especially 
nervous about a LLS. Supreme Court 
review of a challenge to their legal 
authority. The case, which was being 
heard Wednesday, involves a ruling 
last year by a federal appeals court that 
rejected foe SEC’s expansion of the 
concept of insider trading to include 
people who do not directly work far or 
have a legal relationship with the com- 
pany whose stock is bought or sold. 

The appellate court's ruling over- 
turned foe conviction of James H. 
O’Hagan, a Minneapolis lawyer, who 
knew that his law firm was repre- 
senting Grand Metropolitan PLC in its 
1988 takeover offer for Pillsbury Co. 
and bought options in Pillsbury stock, 
eventually malting $43 million. 

The Supreme Court is expected to 
issue a ruling before its current session 
ends in July. If it upholds the lower 
court, the door to a type of insider 
trading that law-enforcement officials 
have spent a decade trying to stop — 
foe kind by people who know of a 
secret takeover attempt but don’t work 
for the target company — would be 
thrown wide open. 


CompuServe Unit Chief 
Is Indicted in Germany 

At Issue: Pornography in Cyberspace 


By Edmund L. Andrews 

New York Times Service 

FRANKFURT — German prosecu- 
tors indicted the head of CompuServe 
Corp.’s on-line computer service Wed- 
nesday on charges of trafficking in por- 
nography, invoking a much-debated 
law to hold the company responsible for 
material that its customers could obtain 
from sites on the Internet. 

The indictment marked a mining point 
in the debate over controlling porno- 
graphy on the Internet, because it ap- 
peared to be the first time that authorities 
m any Western country had tried to pro- 
secute a c o mmercial on-line service for 
material that it had no part in producing. 

Prosecutors in Munich charged that 
Felix Sonun, general manager of Com- 
puServe Deutschland, had violated anti- 
pornography laws by failing to block its 
customers from using the CompuServe 
network to reach independent com- 
puters on foe Internet that offer child 
pornography. They also charged that 
CompuServe had failed to block access 
to Internet sites offering Nazi and neo- 
Nazi material, which is also prohibited 
in Germany. 

The maximum penalty for violating 
child-pornography laws is five years in 
prison, although legal spedaliks said 
Mr. Somm would almost certainly not 
receive a judgment that Harsh. 

[Jerry Roest, European general man- 
ager for CompuServe, said, “We will 
vigorously defend these allegations,” 
Bloomberg News reputed.] 

CompuServe executives said they 
thought as recently as January that they 
would not be prosecuted, based on their 
discussions with investigators. 

Nevertheless, the company had 
already hired German specialists in 
computer law to help argue its case. 

People who have tracked global po- 
lice activities involving die Internet said 
foe indictment, which followed an in- 
vestigation t hat lasted more than one 
year, was unprecedented. 

“We think this is foe firer prosecution 
of an on-line service for information 
provided over the Internet,” said Marc 
Rolen berg, head of die Electronic Pri- 
vacy and Information Center, a non- 
profit civil-rights advocacy group based' 
in Washington. 

Specialists said the ultimate rami- 
fications of the indictment were unclear, 
because Germany’s Parliament was 
widely expected to pass a law governing 
multimedia services that would expli- 


citly free commercial services such as 
CompuServe from liability for material 
obtained over foe Internet 

But pornography in cyberspace has 
become an increasingly hot political is- 
sue in Europe, in part because of wide- 
spread outrage over revelations about a 
murderous child-pornography ring dis- 
covered last year m Belgium and several 
other lurid cases. Some of the people 
arrested in these cases have used the 
Internet for storing and shipping ma- 
terial. 

CompuServe first ran afoul of Ger- 
man authorities in 1995. Based on a 
tough demand to block access to Internet 
sites offering pornography, Com- 
puServe Deutschland took what was 
then the unprecedented step of blocking 
access to more than 200 sites. 

The action ignited a backlash among 
many customers and civil-rights activ- 
ists because some of the prohibited sites 
dealt with issues such as breast cancer 
and acquired immune deficiency syn- 
drome and had nothing to do with por- 
nography. 

Since then, however, foe problem has 
been that new Internet sites have sprung 
up to replace the old ones — a process 
that computer expats say is impossible 
to stop, regardless of how vigilantly a 
service tries to monitor cyberspace. 

Mr. Somm told German officials last 
year that the on-line company might 
shift its offices and operations from 
Germany to France if foe service con- 
tinued to be threatened with indict- 
ments. CompuServe has about 300.000 
customers in Germany and more than 4 
million customers worldwide. 

Ulrich Sieber, a professor of law spe- 
cializing in computer and information 
issues at the University of Wuerzburg, 
predicted that foe indictment would not 
hold up and might Dot even be accepted 
by a German court. 

Ingo Reese, a spokesman for AOL, 
die European service owned jointed by 
America Online Inc. and foe German 
media company Bertelsmann AG, said 
his company was not worried about 
being indicted on similar charges. 

Mr. Reese said authorities in Ham- 
burg had investigated AOL, much as 
Bavarian authorities in Munich had in- 
vestigated CompuServe, but decided 
not to prosecute. 

Beyond that, Mr. Reese said, all on- 
line companies were expected to fall 
under the protection of the proposed 
new German law that many expect to 
take effect this year. 


JLazard Prepares to Do Without Rohatyn 


1 By Peter Truell 

New Tori Times Service 

N EW YORK — Felix Rohatyn, 
a star at Lazard Freres & Co. 
for nearly 40 years and a 
1970s savior of New York 
City's tangled finances, may really be 
leaving town this time. 
tv Early last year, Mr. Rohatyn for a 
rime seemed to have his bags packed for 
W as hin g ton to be vice chairman of the 
federal Reserve Board, before rum- 
blings from an app ar ently hosti le Re - 
pnbfican Congress and a lack of strong 
-support from President Bill Clinton per- 
suaded him to withdraw his candidacy. 

So how will Lazard look after its 
favorite son leaves his position as a 
managing director to be ambassador to 

* tfkxmce, presuming thtf this appointment 

•' t is not derailed as well? U.S. officials said 
this week that Mr. Clinton had selected 
Mr. Rohatyn for foe post If confirmed 
by the Senate, he would succeed Pamela 
flarriman, who died Feb. 5. 

_« Xbe departure of Mr. Rohatyn. 68, 
-would dearly be a significant loss for foe 
firm which specializes in the t raditiona l 
approach to in vestment banking, offering 
advice without many strings attached. 
(His experience, contacts and reputation 
-are invaluable to such a stra tegy . Unlike 
jmany of its competitors, Lazard has not 
fault a huge trading business. 


But foe Lazard companies — in New 
York, Paris and London, with 2,000 
employees worldwide — have been pre- 
paring for Mr. Rohatyn’s departure for 
years, realizing that age or ambition 
would eventually cause him to leave. 

The U.S. firm, for example, is less 
reliant it used to be on individual 
talent. It has doubled in size since foe 
late 1980s and now has 873 employees 
includin g 80 m anaging directors, as the 
firm’s partners are known. 

That includes a ctot> of young bankers 
such as Kendrick Wilson 3d, Gerald 
Roseofold, Michael Price and Steven 
Rartner in New York and J. Ira Harris 
and Mikesell Thomas in Chicago. 

The fastest-growing American indus- 
tries — high technology, health care, 
media, telecommunications — have 
embraced Lazard’s services, and the 
firm recently opened a San Francisco 
office to attract West Coast companies. 

Whether Lazard seeks to hire outside 
talent to help fill foe gap left by Mr. 
Rohatyn will depend on Michel David- 
WeiQ, whoeflectivefy owns and controls 
the three firms, managing directors at 
Lazard said Tuesday . Investment bankers 


This approach does not always work, 
however. About two years ago, Mr. 
David-Weill and his partners unsuccess- 


fully courted John Thornton, a partner at 
Goldman. Sachs & Co. who has helped 
to build that firm’s European and in- 
ternational On the other hand , 

last year. Mr. David-Weill and his part- 
ners brought in William Kneisel, a well- 
known bmker, from Morgan Stanley. 

Mr. Rohatyn and his firm are clearly 
wary of jinxmg his proposed appoint- 
ment “Felix can’t talk to anybody.” 
Kate McDonough, a spokeswoman for 
Lazard Freres in New York, said, “and 
because of that, the firm isn't saying 
anything.” 

The firm has profited hugely from foe 
bull market of the 1990s, and partic- 
ularly from foe boom in company mer- 
gers and acquisitions, its specialty. It is 
privately held and discloses little fi- 
nancial information, but insiders say that 
1996 was its roost profitable year ever. 

Although the Lazard tradition has 
been to nurture “generalist” invest- 
ment bankers who can work with vari- 
ous industries, the firm has recently 
encouraged some specialization, with 
Ah Wambold helping to build its nat- 
ural-resources banking business and 
Kenneth Jacobs playing a similar role 
with its health-care practice. 

Mr. David-Weill is also eager to con- 
tinue to draw the three Lazard firms 
closer together. In recent years, he has 
integrated die New York and London 
capital-markets bus i nesses. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Hi 

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Wafcs qqaBEO&te #> MMcmk dtpoaKe of Si oriStan otataium far •quftoianO. 


Key Money Rates 




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89180 

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UuneJ 

SoanxRmtiea. 


REPUBLIC NEW YORK CORPORATION 
SAPRA REPUBLIC HOLDINGS S.A. 

Consolidated Statements of Condition 
and Summaries of Results 

These statements and summaries represent foe consolidated accounts of Republic New York Corporation and its 
wholly owned subsidiaries and of Safra Republic Holdings S.A. and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Republic New 
York Corporation owns 49. 1% of Safra Republic Holdings SA., which is accounted for by the equity method. 


REPUBLIC NEW YORK 
CORPORATION 

March 31, 

1997 1996 


SAFRA REPUBLIC 
HOLDINGS SA. 

March 31, 

1997 199< 


Assets 


(Id iboosands of USS except per nharr dais) 


Cash and due from banks 

S 

687383 

$ 747.767 

$ 

77.119 

$ 

36,176 

Interest-bearing deposits with banks 


4.917.490 

6.003.656 


6308.929 


5,777.815 

Precious metals 


1.268.801 

1.145.745 


— 


— 

Investment securities 


22,799.972 

19301,429 


8383.646 


7,956.072 

Trading account assets 

Federal funds sold and securities purchased 


5.572,868 

3380,673 


245338 


139.025 

under resale agreements 


1.420.216 

890.924 


— 


— 

Loans, net of unearned income 


12^86,082 

1 1.062,712 


2,002,457 


1.423309 

Allowance for possible credit losses 


(352.667) 

(339.209) 1 


(131.436) 


(129337) 

Other assets 


6368.728 

4.750362 


711,379 


473,443 

Total assets 

$ 54,968,873 

$ 47,144359 

$ 17,997,432 

$ 15,676303 

Liabilities 








Total deposits 

$ 31,918.795 

$ 29.106309 

$ 14.013.184 

$ 12,077,857 

Trading account liabilities 


4.975,494 

3.157,109 


187375 


93.215 

Short-term borrowings 


5.896.133 

4.053.3 N 


1364.058 


1367362 

Other liabilities 


4,795.581 

3.892,478 


372386 


472332 

Long-term debt 


1.437.973 

1.499.037 


155.000 


175.000 

Subordinated long-term debt and perpetual capital notes 


2.400.000 

2,406.463 


— 


— 

Manditorily redeemable preferred securities 


350.000 

— 


— 


— 

Shareholders’ Equity 

Cumulative preferred stock 


400.000 

575.000 





Common slock and surplus, net of treasury shares . . . 


734.694 

843.891 


891,129 


889332 

Retained earnings 

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on 


1,990.597 

1.702.801 


690389 


601.076 

securities available for sale, net of axes . 


69.606 

192340) 


124,01 1 


229 

Total shareholders' equity ^ 


3.194.897 

■ 3.02^352 


1 .705.429 


1.490337 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity 

S 54,968,873 

S 47,144359 

S 17,997,432 

$ 15.676303 

Book value per share 

$ 

51.32 

$ 44.03 

$ 

96.67 

$ 

84.65 

Client portfolio assets held in custody 




S 13,995.184 

$ 

7369,467 

Net income, for foe year ended 

s 

110,244 

$ 99392 

$ 

57,198 

$ 

44,019 

Net income per common share (primary) 

$ 

1.89 

$ 1.64 

$ 

3.24 

$ 

230 

Average common shares outstanding (primary) 


54.809 

56.021 


17,642 


17,608 


Risk-Based Capital Ratios 

As of March 31, 1997, Republic New York Corporation's risk-based core capital ratio was 12.70% (estimated) and total 
qualifying capital ratio was 21 .40% (estimated). The ratios include foe assets, risk-weighted in accordance with foe requi- 
rements of foe Federal Reserve Board specifically applied to Republic New York Corporation on a folly consolidated 
basis, and capital of Safra Republic Holdings S A. Toml consolidated assets under these requirements exceeded US$ 70 
. billion and total consolidated capital, including minority interest and subordinated debt, was approximately USS 7 billion. 


Repab&c New York Corporation Safra Republic Holdings SA. 

KfliJ Aveaoe ai 40lJi Street 32, baulevonf Royal 

*.***-**,«», 

New York * Geneva * London • Beijing • Beirut • Beverly Hills • Buenos Aires • Cayman fclanH* • Copenhagen • Encino ■ Gibraltar ■ Guernsey 
Hong Kong • Jakarta * Los Angeles • Lugano - Luxembourg * Manila ■ Mexico City - Miami ■ Milan * Monte Carlo - Montevideo • Montreal 
Moscow - Nassau - Paris * Puma del Esie * Rio de Janeiro - Santiago - Sao Paulo • Singapore • Sydney - Hupei ■ Tokyo • Toronto • Zurich 



PAGE 14 


EVTERJSATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 




Wall Street Gains on Tobacco’s Rise 


Th^ Dow 


L - ■: ass 



1.70 


IfO — '■ jffl 


[ N D J _r P~ r M A 110 0 ' J F ‘ M A 
t IS* 1997 1996 1 997 

-insfe,- '■ V ■•■•mWV' * 


O/B^inltrfOsrSa0firmDapeKka 

NEW YORK — Stocks rose Wed- 
nesday. lilted by tobacco issues and 
strong earnings reports, particularly 
from Ford Motor. 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
closed 92.7 1 points higher at 6,679.87. 

The S&P 500-stock index gained 8.81 
points to 763 .53. 

Tobacco shares rose on news that 
America’s biggest tobacco companies 
were holding talks to settle smoking- 
related liability lawsuits. 


“Philip Morris is gaining all the ben- nett LeBow and Carl Icahn failed in an 


efit as the older smoker has begun to mat attempt to unseat RJR’s board and spin 

— .J J--1— -i xi f i t si .1 • i . 


and die bulk of smokers is in that young- off die food business, which includes 


er segment,” Ron Morrow, an analyst at Ritz crackers and Oreo cookies, from the 


Rodman & Reoshaw Inc., said. 

Higher-than-expected earnings from 
Ford Motor also helped lift the Dow. 
Ford closed 114 higherat 3434. The No.2 


tobacco operations. 


Yen Advances 
On Tokyo’s Hints 


Clarify was among the most active 
Ford Motor also helped lift the Dow. stocks, plunging 9% to 7 after foe maker 
Ford closed 114 higher at 3444. The No. 2 of custom-support software said it ex- 

pected Hole or no revenue growth in the 
U.S. STOCKS second quarter from the finst. 

Bond prices fell after the Federal Re- 

U.S. automaker said its first-quarter serve reported that industrial output 


US. STOCKS 


Bloomberg#*** 

NEW YORK — The dollar fell against die y m ed- 
nesday for a second day after a Japanese official toted 
that the nation’s central bank may sell dollars to bolster 


Richard Ciardullo, head trader at earlier to $1.5 billion with a strong iro- 
Liberty Investment Management, said provement in its automotive operations. 


profit more than doubled from a year surged 0.9 percent in March. The rise, 
earlier to $1.5 billion with a strong iro- nearly double what economists had ex- 
provement in its automotive operations, pected, brought fee industrial operating 


03£. ■■ 


fee talks were positive for the sector Ford’s earnings compared with profit rate to the highest level in two years. 

u u n r miiiiMi Sm tk. , 


because “it would remove a lot of the of $653 million in the first quarter of 

.i ■ j .. ioo£ 


the ailing yen. 

But the dollar gained against major European cur- 
rencies after aU.S. report showed that factory output rose 
in March, suggesting the Federal Reserve Board bank 
may raise interest rales again to try to com the economy 
and stave off inflation. , . . , 

Eisufce Sakaidbara, director general of the Japanese 


uncertainty in the industry. 


1996. Revenue totaled $36.2 billion, up 




Philip Morris soared 4!A to 43 l A after 3 percent from $35.2 billion in the year- 
it said first-quarter earnings rose 13 per- earlier period. 




it said first-quarter earnings rose 13 per- 
cent, in line with analysts' expectations. 


uerpen 
rortfs a 


automotive operations earned 


The company said smokers HaH bought $1 billion, a sevenfold increase from the 
more of its higher-priced cigarettes, such $142 million they generated in the 1996 


as Marlboro. period. 

The maker of Kraft foods and Miller RJR Nabisco soared 314 to 33V* after 
beer said net income rose to $1.77 billion shareholders rejected a new bid to split the 
from $1.57 billion in the year-earlier company’s tobacco business from its food 


tebeno& Alros Merva! 


.t** 


“Right now. interest rates are more 
important than gamings ,” said Philip 
Orlando, chief investment officer at 
Value Line Asset Management. 

“The market is moving on economic 
statistics and momentum.’’ 

Mr. Orlando said a Federal Reserve 
report out Wednesday showing robust 


yen’s weakness was ‘excessive .ana suggesrea japan 


FOREIGN EXCHANGE 


may bay yen. for dollars to stop its slide, Nikkei English 


RJR Nabisco soared 3!A to 33V* after factory output in March heightened ex- 
shareholders rejected a new bid to Spht [he pectanons that the Fed’s policy panel 


period. 


interests and as its chairman, Steven 


would raise rates when it met May 20. 
The price of the benchmark 30-year 


[ Carafes*-: 

Source : Bloomberg, Reuters 


The earnings were paced by higher Goldstone.confimKdbewasdiscussmga Treasury bond fell 3/32 to 94 6/32, tak- 


sales of Marlboro, which accounts for a settlement of tobacco lawsuits. 


InernultNuJ Herald Tribune third Of all U.S. Cigarette Sales. 


Last year, the corporate raiders Bett- 


ing the yield to 7.10 percent from 7.08 
percent Tuesday. ( Bloomberg . AP) 


Very briefly: 


Diamond Bid Hurts Total’s Shares Tcctl CofTlpCLTllCS Solid EttrTt/lTI/^S 


DENVER (Bloomberg; — Total Petroleum (North Amer- 
ica) Ltd.’s shares plummeted Wednesday because Ultramar 
Diamond Shamrock Corp.'s offer for the company was below 
the Tuesday closing stock price. 

Ultramar Diamond Shamrock said Tuesday it agreed to 
exchange 0.322 share for each share of Total Petroleum. The 
transaction valued Total Petroleum at $9.98 a share, based on 
Tuesday’s Ultramar Diamond closing price of $31. Total 
Petroleum's shares were quoted down $2 at $9 JO in late 
trading. 


cmpiUzi br o*r sitffn** Dhftxr/Kj nancial officer, said. 

HOUSTON — Technol- Compaq also said it had 
ogy-sector companies report- reduced fee time it took to get 
ed strong profits Wednesday, its products to market, which 
led by Compaq Computer pared inventory costs. 

Carp., which said gamings Separately, Sun Mtcrosys- 
juraped 65 percent in the first terns Inc. reported a 56 per- 
quarter, strengthened by a 14 cent jump m **' ■ ’ ’ " 
percent growth in sales. profit late Tuesd 


cutting expenses. The maker 
of computer networking 
equipment posted a profit of 
$255,000, compared wife 
$29.2 million a year earlier. 
Revenue fell to $512.9 mil- 
lion from $521.7 million. 

Bay Networks shares fell 
62.5 cents to close at $17,625. 


Harcourt General Sets Rid for NEC 


CHESTNUT HELL, Massachusetts (Bloom bergj — Har- 
court General Inc. said Wednesday it would begin a $l9J>0-a- 


quarter, strengthened by a 14 cent jump in third-quarter Bay Networks shares fell 
percent growth in sales. profit late Tuesday. The com- 62.5 cents to close at $17,625. 

The No. I personal-corn- pany’s earnings were buoyed The company took an after- 
purer maker also said it ex- by record revenue and an in- 
pec ted strong growth vestment gain, 

throughout 1997. Sun earned $223 J million 

Compaq said it earned in the quarter ended March 30, 


tax restructuring and sever- 
ance charge of $20.4 million 
feat wiped out most of its 
$20.7 million in operating 
profit. It also cut its staff by 
200 in the quarter, to 5,800 
employees, ft said it had been 
able to reduce expenses more 
than planned as ft cut back 
facilities. (Bloomberg, AP) 


The I doUarwas quoted in late trading at 125.775 yen, 
down from 126.125 iyen Tuesday, and at 1.7288 Deutsche 
marks, up from 1.7Z70 DM. . 

Mr. Sakaidbara also said U.S. and Japanese officials 
were in about the effects of fee weak yen. 

That “raises fee prospect of coordinated intervention, 
which in fee past has b ee n tremendously successful,” 
said John Hanly. manager of foreign exchange at Bank 
Austria. “That’s what scares traders.” 

Concern fee Bank of Japan may sell dollars mounted 
after fee dollar rose to a recent 55-month high of 127.17 
yen, prompting Finance Minister Hiroshi Mitsuznka to 
say Japan would mke “decisive’' action at an “ap- 
propriate” time. 

The yen haa dmcHrwd 7.9 percent against fee dollar 
since fee beginning of fee year. 

U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky, 
meanwhile, warned Japan not to use exports to bring itself 
oat of recession. “We do not want to see an increase in fee 
Japanese trade surplus wife fee United States.” she said. 

Against other major currencies, fee dollar was quoted 
at 1.4720 Swiss francs, up from 1.467Q; francs, and at 
5.8120 French francs, down from 5.8126 francs. The 
pound fell to $1.6248 from $1.6288. 


pected strong growth 
throughout 1997. 

Compaq said it earned 


AMEX 




Corp., which it said was 15 percent higher than Sylvan Learn- 
ing Systems Inc.'s stock-swap offer for National Education. 


ing Systems Inc.’s stock-swap offer for National Education. 

Harcourt General also said its cash offer was 54.5 percent 
higher than National Education's share price on March 4. five 
trading days before the Sylvan offer was made. 


million in last year’s quarter. 
Sales grew to $4.81 billion 


• AMR Corp.'s first-quarter profit fell 3 percent, to $152 
million, as fee threat of a February pilots strike at its American 
Airlines unit caused passengers to fly on other carriers. 

• Merck & Co.’s first-quarter earnings rose 18 percent, to 
$1.02 billion, because of increased sales of its established 
drugs and fee introduction of new products. 

• Time Warner Inc. reported net income of $35 million in the 
first quarter, compared wife a loss of $1 19 million a year ago, 
and cited benefits from the acquisition of Tamer Broad- 
casting Co. and higher profits from its cable television. 

• The Sands Hotel in Las Vegas anveiled a $2 billion plan to 

build the world's largest hotel and casino, which will have a 
Venetian theme. Bloomberg. AP 


Sales grew to $4.81 billion 
from $4.21 billion. 

But Compaq's stock re- 
treated after an early rally on 
the New York Stock Exchange 
and dosed at $73375 a share, 
down $125. Some analysts 
said fee company’s sales were 
disappointing. 

The company said unit 
sales rose 28 percent amid 
rising demand from busi- 
nesses and consumers. 

Compaq’s line of com- 
puters priced below $1,000, 
introduced this year, was 
selling briskly and buoying 
overall sales in the consumer 
market. Earl Mason, chief fi- 


for fee like period last year. 
Revenue rose 15 percent, to a 
record $2.11 billion. 

The profit included a gain 
of $623 million from the sale 
of an equity investment in an 
Irish software company, Iona 
Technologies. It also reflec- 
ted a one-time charge of 
$22.9 million in connection 
wife its acquisition of 
LongView Technologies. 

Sun’s stock fell $1.9375 to 
$27.4375. An analyst at Ham- 
brecht & Qtrist lowered his 
rating on die shares to “buy” 
from “strong buy.” 

Bay Networks Inc.’s third- 
quarter profit plunged, but it 
beat analysts’ expectations by 


Wednesday's 4 PJM. Close 

The top 300 most odfte shores, 
up to the dosing on Wd Street 
The Assodatut Press. 






IfliiMlWl 

r i. > "i 










































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


PAGE 15 




EUROPE 


joid to Raise Fokker 
prom Bankruptcy 
Peaches ‘Bitter’ End 


: THE HAGUE - The govern- 
nem said Wednesday that the effort 
o rescue the jetmaker Fokker NV 
rom bankruptcy had ended. 

‘This is a bitter conclusion, es- 
j P^ially for the Fokker employees 
yho have dedicated themselves un- 
il the end,” Economics Minister 
fans Wijers said. 

He said the government had de- 
rided to withdraw funds that had 

>een pledged to keep the 80-year-old 

wrapany going until aresumption of 
ts activities could be arranged. 

The announcement came two 
veeks after Stork NV, which owns 

Safra’s Profit 
Rises on Trade 
In Currencies 


Intertbnional Herald Tribune 

LUXEMBOURG — Saha 
Republic Holdings SA said 
Wednesday that its net pro fit 
rose to $57.2 million in the first 
quarter from $44 million a year 
earlier, helped by a singe in 
income from foreign-exchange 
trading. 

The international private 
banking bolding company said 
income from foreign-exchange 
trading jumped to $17.7 minion 
in the quarter from $9.8 milli on 
a year earlier, while net interest 
income rose 15 percent, to 
$72.7 million. Safra raised its 
provision for credit losses to 
$131.4 million from $129.5 
million a year earlier. 

Safra is a holding company 
for six banks operating in 
Switzerland, Luxembourg, 
Monaco, France. Guernsey and 
Gibraltar. 

The company plans a 2-for-l 
stock split May 31 and an in- 
crease in the annual dividend on 
a pre-split basis to $4.50 a com- 
mon share from $3.50. The di- 
vidend will be payable as of 
May 3 1 . 


Fokker’s profitable maintenance 
and components units, broke off 
talks with a Malaysian government- 
owned investment company on re- 
starting die aircraft maker. 

Fokker’s administrators, the Dutch 
government, the industrial invest- 
ment firm Deleye Investment Group 
and the Malaysian date investment 
arm Khazanah Nastonal Bbd. agreed 
to a memorandum of understanding 
on Fokker’s relaunching in March. 

But Sunk withdrew from the plan 
in early AprO, saying Khazanah had 

port. Accradingto^iiEh pressure- 
ports, Khazanah refused to pay 10 
million guilders ($5.1 million) in 
stait-up costs. Steak, as the owner of 
Fokker Aviation, was an unwilling 


the Fokker’s viable business units. 

Mr. Wijers said that after Stork’s 
withdrawal. Andre Deleye, chair- 
man of Deleye Investment, tried to 
find another partner . 

“But it has to be concluded that 
these efforts hove not resulted in a 
dear signal from which concrete 
interest by another industry partner 
could appear,” the minister said. 

He said Deleye would continue to 
investigate Footer's survival pros- 
pects until May 1, the dosing date for 
the memorandum of understanding. 

Mr. Wijers said the government 
was willing to support further ini- 
tiatives in areas sura as technology 
development, but without taking a 
direct stake in a new Fokker. He raid 
he was informing the Malaysian gov- 
ernment about the Dutch decision to 
cancel its comm i t m e n t to a direct 
investment in relaunching Fokker. 

“It is my film conviction that tins 
dis ap po intin g conclusion was 
primarily caused by the complexity, 
costs and risks of trying a relaunch 
more than a year after the bankruptcy 
and not by the attitude of any of the 
pmties concerned,” Mr. Wijers said. 

Fokker’s demise began in March 
1996 when the Dutch government 
and Daimler-Benz AG, which held a 
subs tantial Fokker stake, failed to 
rescue the Netherlands’ only aircraft 
maker from losses of more than 25 
billion guilders. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg) 


EU Opens Purse to Industry 

Antitrust Official Says Aid Imperils Single Market 


By Tom Bueikle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — European gov- 
ernments desperate to save jobs 
have opened up the flow of public 
aid to industry, a trend chat is 
“worrying" for the health of tire 
single market. Europe’s top an- 
titrust regulator said Wednesday. 

The European Union’s compe- 
tition. commissioner. Karel van 
Miert, will p opose several mea- 
sures to tighten rules on stale aid 
when be meets EU industry min- 
isters in Luxembourg next week, 
the European Commission said. 

la particular, Mr. van Miert 
wants to clamp down on the grow- 
ing number of large instances of 
state aid, many of them destined 
for corporate failures such as the 
bankrupt Ger man shipyard 
Bremer Vulkan or tire deeply in- 
debted French banking company 
Credit Lyonnais, saying Ire fears 
such aid efforts are a risk to fair 
competition in Europe. 


“The large sums granted in 
state aid threaten to jeopardize the 
completion of the single market, 
and indeed the achievement of 
economic and monetary union,” 
tire commission, the Eu's exec- 
utive agency, said in a statement. 

But as if to underline tire uphill 
nature of the battle, tire commis- 
sion also gave a green light Wed- 
nesday to two big aid payments: 1 
billion francs ($172 million) for 
Air France, the last portion of a 20 
trillion-franc bailout agreed to in 
1995, and 40 billion escudos ($23 1 
million) for the Portuguese airline 
TAP, the final installment of a 1 80 
billion-escudo package. 

Those payments only com- 
pleted previously agreed-upon 
bailouts, but the coincidence of 
their timing graphically illustrated 
the underlying problem. 

From 1992 to 1994. tire latest 
period for which figures are avail- 
able. the 12 countries who were 
EU members then doled out an 
average of 426 billion European 


currency units ($48.3 billion) a 
year in aid to the manufacturing 
industry, the commission said. 

The amount, up from an average 
of 4 1.6 billion Ecus a year in 1990- 
92, represented a reversal of the 
steady decline in such aid that had 
prevailed since the commission 
began compiling figures in tire 
mid-1980s. 

Germany doled out an average 
of 17.4 billion Ecus a year in aid in 
the latest period, up from 14 billion 
Ecus in the previous period. Most 
of the money went to the states of 
the former East Germany, where 
aid rose to 13.3 billion Ecus a year 
in 1992-94 from 6.6 billion Ecus in 
1990-92. Aid to West German 
companies fell sharply, to 4.2 bil- 
lion Ecus from 7.4 billion Ecus. 

Italy occupied second place in 
the aid standings, although its out- 
lays fell to 1 15 billion Ecus a year 
in the latest period from 12.3 billion 
Ecus in the previous one. France 
was third, with aid rising to 6.0 
billion Ecus from 53 billion Ecus- 


Discount Seen for France Telecom 


Com^OedbyOvSvffFran Dupaubn 

PARIS — fiance Telecom SA’s 
shares wiS be priced at a discount to 
other European telecommunica- 
tions companies when stock in the 
company is sold, next month in 
France’s biggest ever initial public 
offering, analysts said Wednesday. 

The sale of a minority stake will 
value tire company at about 180 bil- 
lion French francs ($30.88 billion), 
or 125 times 1996 earning* from 


operations, analysts said. That com- 
pares with an average 1996price-to- 
eamings ratio of 19.4 percent for 
other European phone companies. 

The discount reflects concern that 
company's profit growth will be 
limited by labor laws, which make it 
difficult for companies based in 
France to cut staff. It also takes into 
account investor concern about the 
treatment of minority shareholders 
in other state-controlled companies. 


New Loss Pummels Olivetti’s Shares 


GrafA* by Oro Stf An* DapaaAa 

MILAN — Olivetti SpA shares 
fell 55 percent Wednesday after tire 
office-equipment company an- 
nounced a greater -than -expected 
loss and said it planned a write- 
down on its capita], which would cut 
its number of issued shares. 

Tuesday, the company an- 
nounced a loss of 915 billion lire 


($5383 million) for 1996. its sixth 
consecutive annual loss, as sales fell 
15 percent, to 8304 trillion lire. 

Tbe company also said that it had 
registered a loss of 1 80 billion lire in 
the first quarter of this year as rev- 
enue fell 10.4 percent, to 1.38 tril- 
lion lire. 

A shareholders* meeting will be 
called to vote on tire company’s 


Frankfurt London ftrtf.*: • ‘ . 

DWC- .. • FTSE100 Index. GAC40 . r..J 

3800 4550— 2850 

■3400 Afc- 4500 2700 - ~1\T 

3200 yv-5- 4250 — -J\ : 2550 - -P T- 

3000 — V 4200 A- 2400 

■myM-- 4050 J)T~ 22S)Ar : 

f’m’a' nYjYma' D’jTm'a' 


Exchange 

Amsterdam 

snrtsem- •;/ 

Frankfurt . 
C op enhag en 
main Id 
■ Osto ' - 

London '•« 
Madrid 
MBan • 
Paris . ,. wt ‘ 
SBOdttrelm * ■ 
Vienna . 
Zurich 

Source: Teiekurs 


Wwkwstfay Pis*. 


ASX 

BEL-20 

PAX ■ ■ . . 

Stock Market 

HteX Swretttf T 

o§x 

FTSEIOP 
Stock Exchange 
RSBTB- ' ■ 

sxig 

ATX 

sm ■' 


729.58 

2,133.90 

3,353.45 

52958 

2,787.16 

594.93 

4*29*60- 

487.29 

12,372.00 

2JB30ST 

2,85 0 65. 

1,17095 

2^27*32 


736.37 
2.12951 
3,327.08. 
52040: 
2,794.80 
58541 
4*28060 : 
481.77 ■ 

1252Q00- 
2.620.63 ■ 
2.8S4.H 
1.16R77 - 
■2535.72 - 


International Herald Tribune 


Also, Paris will want the shares to 
rise after they are listed in New York 
and Paris on June 9 to encourage 
investors to subscribe to future sales 
of state-owned companies. 

Paris plans to raise 30 billion to 50 
billion francs from tbe stock sale, 
indicating it will sell 15 percent to 
30 percent of the company. In- 
vestors can subscribe to the initial 
public offering from May 27 to June 
3. (Bloomberg. Reuters ) 


proposal to reduce the nominal 
value of its shares to 640 lire from 
1,000 lire. 

The company's shares fell 30 lire 
Wednesday to close at 520. 

Olivetti is controlled by the Itali- 
an financier Carlo De Benedetti, 
who resigned as chairman in 
September in a management shake- 
up. ( Bloomberg . AP) 


Very brief lys 

• Deutsche Morgan Grenfell, a British unit of Deutsche 
Bank AG, was ordered by regulators to pay a fine of £2 
million ($33 million) in connection with the investment 
scandal last year caused by the actions of one of its fund 
managers, Peter Young. 

• Daimler-Benz AG’s first-quarter sales rose 12 percent, to 
25.9 billion Deutsche marks ($14.94 billion), and the com- 
pany said it expected 1997 operating profit to surpass the Z4 
billion DM posted last year. The company also said it would 
sell as much as 1.1 billion DM of convertible bonds. 

• Schneider Rondfunkwerke AG is set to market what it 
calls die first commercially available system to user lasers to 
project high-definition television for commercial use. Mass 
production of the system, developed in a joint venture with 
Daimler-Benz AG, will begin next year, die company said. 

• Reuters Holdings PLC’s first-quarter sales fell 2 percent, to 
£699 million, and the company warned that first-half pretax 
profit would be flat if the pound’s strength continued. 

•Den norske Bank A/S, Norway’s biggest bank, raised its bid 
for the regional bank Bolig- og Naeringshanken A/S to 2.04 
billion kroner ($291.1 million) from 2.02 billion kroner. 

• Philip Morris Cos. wants to invest $300 million over the 

next three to four years in Russia; tbe plans include a new 
factory in St Petersburg. Philip Morris has already invested 
$70 million in a factory in Krasnodar in southern Russia and 
$50 million in SL Petersburg- Bloomberg, AFP, Reuters 


Correction 

Due 10 a programming error, tbe year-to-date figures 
used in the Trib Index have been calculated on a January, 
1996. base rather than January. 1997. Beginning 
Thursday, tire calculations have been corrected- We re- 
gret and apologize for the error. 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


- Wedhr w «3a j fr April. 16- -- 

Prices in local curmdqs. ; t1 y 
Telekurs 

High Law dose Pm 


Amsterdam 

> 1 

'ABU - AMRO 128J0 
Aegon T3S 

AhoW 137-90 

AkroNoM 245JO 
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Sols Wesson 36J0 
fSM CM 111® 
OorttsctiePBf 35130 
DSM 19GJC 

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ForttsAsnw 
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G-Broccva 6140 
Hppemeycr 161.-M 
fleKeken 322J0 ; 
■poogmmtscwo .88.10 
iSiriOougte 152.50 

w** sJS 

■KNPBT ».» 

■KPN 69® 

■NCAoydGP 4640 


OceGrinten 

fMpsElec 


‘RanfoodHdg 

Hobew 

Rodtsmoo 

Rolnco 

Ronrto 

Royal DoKJi 

Uratevercvo 

VendeftinU 

VNU 

WoHenlClCM 

Bangkok 

■AdvlnfbSoC 
Bangkok. BkF 
Thing Thai Bk 
PIT Evtor 
StoreGemertF 
Slam Cam flk P 

. > TelecoaHEki 

jOWCanm 


hBX MR 72958 
hgm i WMJ 

5J0 124.40 126.10 
1® 13) JO 13440 
2-70 133JD 137 

UO 263 26420 
6.90 89 JO 87 JO 
STB 35J0 3630 

109 109 JO 11160 

353 353 3S5 

185 185 IW 

7 JO 30.10 30J0 
650 69 JO <9.50 
9 JO 59 JO 60 
2-30 6280 OX 
BJO 15*60 160-50 
550 317 32130 

410 8660 87 

00 151 JO 152J0 
L70 TUB 71® 
5_50 55-B0 5560 
850 »J0 39® 
150 6150 69-20 
5.10 45.10 46® 
150 28450 28650 
350 227 JO 23930 
760 8850 88.90 

110 95.10 9100 

160 16550 161® 
1» 159 15850 

960 59.90 59 J6 
1® 163® 162J0 
170 108-70 10850 
330 33o.ro mao 

356 35158 
.„ « 9250 

110 38.10 39® 
7-50 22BJ0 22750 


SET MR 71 189 
PmtasTlUl 

230 230 230 

270 280 282 

3650 3650 37 

322 324 K2 

684 704 724 

167 169 169 

4475 47J5 4475 

075 4125 45 

110 182 184 

172 ITS 172 


DeutodwBcnk 8855 

DeutTetefanrn 36® 

DreSdrrerBaak 5485 

FrarankS 390 

FnntrfasMad 1*1 

Fried. Krapp 329 

UK 114-90 

HeMetogZorf 142 

Haded pH 91-90 

HEW 492 

Hochfiet 69-80 

Hoechst <445 

KmknU 517 

Unto 1178 

Lufthansa 2260 

MAH 505 

MrouMonron 65450 

MeMpneHdnB3<L65 
NMlB 16150 

ttMKH RueCkR 3970 

PiCUSBOg 45050 

RtotoSdn. H.T. 

RWE 6655 

SAP pH 2B6JO 

Sdwifag 169 

SGLClAon *49 

Sknan »JS 

Springer CAneO 1385 

Suednickfr 814 

Ttnssen 3M 

Vefea 92JO 

VEW SCO 

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3422 36®'. 
5SJ5 55-B5 
382 367 

157.50 15750 
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11250 11250 
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9030 90-30 
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69.10 6950 
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508 509 . 

un 1156 
2245 2258 
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651 6S3J0 
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3920 3950 

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16425 167 JO 
26 24490 
8470 87J3 
1385 1385 

bu no 

384 386JD 
150 92 

sn 50250 
757 759 

1038104550 


High law daw Piw. 

SA Breweries 136 122 132 13425 

Stmnccr ■ 52 52 53 53 

'Sofri • 5150 52JS 53 £125 

SB 1C 190 187.75 190 187 

DgwOcds 77J5 7750 TJX 77J5 


Kuala Lumpur cRttiwj 


High Low Oosa Prev. 


Veodone Lx uh 5.17 5.13 5.13 5.17 

Vwtefone 173 2 jS5 IB 271 

Whflbraod -7J* 7JI 770 772 

WBtamHdgs 328 3.12 114 114 

W afa Or 487 >• 4JI 4J6 AH 

WPPSmug 252 2.48 251 2.50 

1107 17® 1770 1771 


PaijS... * * • ■ CAC-48: 26 20J7- 

Pwdwir 2628162 


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123 127 

293 290.10 
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374 356 

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190 190 190 190 

96® 96® 97 97® 

224 220 223 222 

198® 195 197 198 


Previous: 2381 -71 


807 7.96 

7® 7® 

16-93 1678 
173 370 

22-32 21® 
1X41 1128 
14® 1405 
iM3 4 
825 6.14 

1880 1865 


627 

239 

629 

CSR 

462 

457 

459 

2425 

2435 

3434 

Fosters Brew 

2® 

255 

2® 

1976 

19S2 

1978 

Goodman FW 

1J1 

1® 

1J0 


>37® 14840 14X40 
1811 1647 1855 

182 18140 1B1® 
5® 547 £50 

327 33040 
1005 1010 1023 

381(0 394 404 

642 646 453 

2775 2800 2765 

775 7B3 7B6 

28033 283 286 

675 690 690 

189 189® 192® 
463 465® 469.90 
89® 90® 90^5 
361.10 363 366.90 


(CMusMto 
Lend Lease 
MIMHdgs 
Nat A»s Bank 
Nat Mutual Hdg 
News Crop 
FadOc Dtirdap 
Pioneer Inti 
Pub Braodcnri 
St Gouge Bank 
WMC 

WcripacBUng 

Mtec&ttePet 

WooNtorihs 


1170 11® 
2475 23® 
1-65 1J1 

1814 16-01 
t.94 1® 

6.02 891 

119 3.13 

AM 432 
6J8 6® 

7J4 772 

734 734 

874 888 

9.90 9JB 
185 371 


801 7.96 

7J7 731 

1882 1880 
371 385 

2232 2178 
1339 133S 
1415 14 

&SU 196 
818 815 

1870 1853 


17® 11® 
2470 2145 
1® 1® 
1811 1588 
1.93 173 

574 5J3 

3.18 116 

444 430 

884 855 

772 7.70 

7 M 7 M 

871 882 

P-37 9® 

182 370 


Mexico 

Aria A 
Booed B 
Cenex CPO 
OtroC 

Erap Modanxj 

GpoQssoAl 

GpoFBcoaw 

&po RnTnbarso 

KMCMMot 

Televisa CPO 

TetMexL 


InCMiU 

BcoFUeomn 

BcadRoaa 

Benetton _ 

Onfbnalano 

Msen 

EM 

Ret 

GeneraflAMtc 

IM! 

INA 


pma 

RAS 

Roto Bonn 
S Paolo Tato 

Std 

Tetecatn ltdn 
TIM 


4805 4545 
T7J2 1784 
27 M 27.15 
11 ® 11 ® 
393S 3865 
50® 49® 
178 178 

2890 28® 
30® 29® 
10400 10X00 
18® 1816 


12560 12275 
as® XS3B 
4565 4480 

1282 1250 

22300 21700 
2395 2365 

9190 8975 
sa» a770 
5880 57® 
310B0 303® 
15245 14980 
2345 2310 

8135 5945 

7200 7050 
10980 10725 
7172 1155 

535 4® 

2630 2540 
3880 3815 

1529 14975 
17200 16980 
11900 11575 
7960 7860 

4515 4430 

5890 4960 


4890 45® 
1771 17® 
2735 27® 
11 ® 11 ® 
39® 3885 
«® 49® 
1® 1® 
sow oasn 
30.10 30.15 
103® 102.10 
16® 18® 


12400 1 2420 
2585 3470 

4500 4490 

1267 1260 

21750 217® 
2375 2395 
9010 9010 

8840 8735 

5850 5650 

30750 30500 
15000 15020 
2320 2315 

5965 6110 

7075 7130 
10805 11055 
1158 1171 
550 
2545 2595 

3840 wrK 
15135 15100 
17010 14655 
HBOS USDS 
7880 7910 

4455 4420 

5090 4910 


Sao Paulo Buye ynigroc f^ Taipei 


BrodossoPfd 

BrehraaPfd 

Copci 

Eletrobros 
ttauboncoPfd 
Ltcrfrt Serefcto 

VSSSarn 

PouSsto Loz 

SUNockn* 

SouraCroz 

TefabraxPfd 

Teferalg 

Teterf 

Tofasp Ptt 

UnSjonco 

UstninasPfd 

CVRDPfd 


Seoul 


895 1® 

711® 71200 
46® 47® 
57® S® 
15® 15-750 
452® 
596® 596® 
44800 442® 
322® 322® 
208® 209® 
142® 159J1 
37® 37® 
860 865 
11840 117® 
162® 161® 
175® 176® 
301® 297® 
37.10 37 JD 
1.15 1.16 

2835 2590 


Ofaoporilrtoriee 78242 
Prprioac7BU» 


Dacoro 102000 
Daewoo Heavy 4470 
Hyundai Eng. 193® 

WMotoro 16000 

towBPw 274® 
Korea EadiBk 5730 
Korea Mob Tot 4730® 
LGSeatcroi 302® 
Pahang fron St 523® 
Samsung Dtstay 
SaamnSEIte 630® 
SNnhroiMnk 10700 


101W0 KQHO 1015® 
45® 4570 4400 

187® 187® 194® 
155® IBM 162® 
273® Z76® 274® 
56® 5700 56® 

161TOB 464® 

287® 288® 304® 
51500 520® 523® 
415® 420® 415® 
610® 619® 625® 

105® lone loan 


Pievtoei: 283897 


Montreal 

Bee Mob Com 
am Tire A 
GdnUtoA 
CTFMSvC 

Gaz Metro 
Gt-WeSLtfeco 
Im nsco 
iaveriosGrp 
UdriowC® 
NatlBkCronta 
Power On 
Power FW 
OaetefurB 
RogenCenaB 
Royal BttCflo 


riots braes 277899 
I 1 l o ito ufc. 17 9 U 2 

42 42 43 

LS 3455 2480 
JO 31 J0 3US 
2U 1» 3» 

AM 1890 1800 
JO 22J0 23.15 
LB5 383S 3480 
JS 241* 24 

.90 17 17J0 

JO 1490 IM 
716 27J0 27I& 
jfl 2485 24W 
JO 2410 2445 
JO 7 JO 7J5 
JD 5ZM 51.85 


OAX Mas 59493 
prevtouc: 53841 


DMIWWBU 
Elten 
HaMundA 
jtwgiTwrAao 
MeM Hyrfro 
Maria skbqa 
N ycotnedA 
OridoAsA 
PeOmCooSuc 
««— PBltoA 


Tnaecmoff 

Stotet u roulAta 


172 1A9 

144 M2 
27 JO 23JD 
27 JO 2890 
12850 12550 
46 4850 
331 335 

330 32850 
236 W9i 

in loan 

569 560 

283 279 

121 117 

1» 12S 

430 <25 

4530 44® 


163 169 

M2 M3 
2190 24 

27.10 27 

127 127 

45J0 4630 
337 336 

329 329 

23S 232 

105 10450 
565 560 

283 286 

117 120 

127 129 

430 430 

4810 45 


Asia Pac Brew 
CerebasPac 
QqrDnOs 
Cycle Canton 

DTOnr Fann fit’ 

BBUSST 

FmseriNeowe 
HKLnnd* 
JeiriMaPma 
JvdSntogic 
w 
KsppeiBank 
KeppetFris 


OS Union 
PaitanyHdBS 
Semtnoang 
Sing Air tartan 
Slog Lend 

Stag Press F 
SWTectilnfl 
Stria Triocnim 
WlaeBa* 
UHiadusmi 

UldOSen Bk f 
rttag TSf 7*2s3 

*r6tUidaam 


7 7 

895 875 

1170 12J0 
1820 14J0 
071 870 

KA. TLA. 
496 484 

11 1870 
233 2-25 

5® 840 

146 846 

9® 895 

194 168 

4J6 412 

426 414 

1720 17J0 
10.10 970 
820 810 
860 825 
KA. KA. 
7j05 6JS 
KA. KA. 
370 166 

2J0 277 
3J0 338 

1.16 1.13 

NA. KA. 
426 419 


7 7J5 

B® 190 

12® 12J0 
1520 15 

0J1 0.70 

NA 1810 
490 4J0 

18® 1870 
2J5 236 

850 840 

X46 3J8 

895 890 

3J8 190 

411 4J4 

414 41 B 

17® 17.30 

mo ion 
820 810 
630 6J0 

KA. 1130 
IBS 7 
NA 27 
370 164 

239 137 

3J0 136 

1.14 1.13 

NA 1820 
430 478 


Stockholm 


AGAB 
ABBA 
AfilOoraon 
Astra A 

Aiks Copco A 
Autuflv 


107 106 10850 10850 

874 060 871 SB 

195 19150 192 19350 

355-50 349 3» 352 

134 191 192J0 190 

313 2RL» 3® 309 


CotTu, Lite Ins 
Chang Hwo Bk 
CMaoTongBk 
Chine Develpcrt 
CMnaStori 
Fbst Bank 
Fartnasa Plastic 
HuaNaxiBk 
InMComraBk 
Mon Ya Ptasdcs 
5tdn Kang Life 
T«wm5ecn 
Tfflurra 
UtaWcro 
UtoWroldChbi 


Tokyo 

Atnamaro 
AJ Nippon Air 
Amwav 
Asohi Ban* 

Asa hi Chen 

AsaNGkm 

BkTakyu MDsu 

BXYokoiwino 

Bridgestone 

Conan 

ChubuElec 

ChuQoAu Elec 

Ddft lpp Pitot 

DOW 

DoWctd Kong 
Datwn Sank 
DohopHatse 
DatwaSec 
DDI 

Demo 

Eea Japan Rr 
Eteat 
FrotaC 
FtriBank 
FOB Photo 



PrevtoastMMjt 

1® 

1® 

163 

163 

116® 

no 

111® 

113 

76 

74 

74® 

75 

122 

11B 

118® 

118 

31® 

30.70 

30J0 

31® 

118® 

112 

114 

IIS 

71® 

69® 

70® 

n 

106 

103 

10X30 

103 

75 

73 

73 

73® 

71® 

2B® 

71® 

69 

104 

101 

102 

101 

94® 

91 

92® 

89 

56 

55 

55 

55® 

72 

70 

70 

69 

73 

71® 

72 

71® 


HochnwdBk 

tm. ir 

rwui 

Konta Motor 

IBJ 

■HI 

Itochu 

tta-Yokado 

JAL 

JapaiTobocm 
Jasco 
Kaftu 
Kansu EW 
X® 

bnonsflOHsy 

town Steel 

KtaUNIppRy 

KMn Biewroy 

tobo Steel 

Komatsu 

Kubota 

Kytxzn 

KnriNElec 

LTCB 

Mautcfl) 

Mmri 

MaisuCflBn 

MatauEtoeind 

MtnsaEtecWk 

Mttsutdstd 

MtebriMa 

MttsuNridEi 

Mitsubishi ESI 

MBSjb&HHn 

MBBMMMOt 

MBSuMsMTr 

m asm 


NBM225:IM31JS 
Prt ril Wi 1793159 

976 977 

705 707 

3340 3450 3270 

707 736 “ 

64) 646 

1090 II® 10W 
1870 19® 1B40 

* Ml « 

2® 2520 2550 

2810 2830 TUI 

20® 3W0 2010 

1970 7010 1970 

2190 27® Z10O 

550 550 546 

1230 1 250 12® 

375 390 274 

13® 13® 13® 

716 729 

8250q 83800 ffTto n 

2570 2570 25® 

52400 5340a 5370a 
21® 2220 2190 

4170 4290 4170 

1340 1 360 13® 

ffitl G00 4220 
1280 12® 1290 

10® II® 10® 
mo ma it® 
37® 3730 3730 
11® 1160 1110 
461 40 

553 559 562 

58® 5950 5020 
455 455 455 

8120a 8180a ODfiOa 
MO 3460 9490 
498 

2110 2170 2130 
>320 1330 1340 


499 

492 

499 

498 

364 

360 

324 

361 

717 

7W 

7T0 

717 

980 

965 

968 

978 

214 

SOB 

209 

312 

B8B 

827 

827 

875 

545 

534 

542 

530 


73® 7410 
1950 1990 
348 357 

452 455 

1B40 IBM 
31® 32® 
1970 19® 
1140 1170 

ion low 

367 388 

690 690 

1470 14® 
797 004 

903 903 

1170 1210 
919 924 


The Trib Index Priats 03 01 3:00 p JA Afew Yori ‘ fima 

Jan. 1. 108? I0Q Lwvwl Change % change yeerto done 

% change 

Worid tnctex 151.70 +1.15 +0.76 +15.04 

Ifaglmil indexoe 

As&Pacfic 110.77 -0.19 -0.17 -17.50 

Europe 160.79 +2-26 +1.43 +15.53 

N. America 175.96 *1.42 +0.81 +37.17 

& America 138.61 -0 90 -0.65 +55.67 

InduMrtol Mezea 

Capita/ goods 175.78 +2.94 +1.70 +32^7 

Consumer goods 170^6 +1.06 *0.63 +23.33 

Energy 183.06 +2.94 +1.63 +34.98 

Finance 11Z93 +0.31 +028 -11.24 

MsceBaneous 156.63 +1.06 +0.68 +1S.33 

Pant Materials 182.19 +128 +0.71 +28.48 

Service 142.74 +0.81 +0.57 +18.95 

UOties 132.97 -0.42 -031 +4.59 

Tte krtornattonal HmM Tribune Workt Stodt tnOBxO tracts Ow U.S doBaf va/ues oi 
280 mumOtonally imrostabto stocks horn as count/fet. For more intomtoSnn. a free 
booum t£ avsifabts by writing to Tha Trib Index, tSt twne Charles da GauHe. 

92521 NeuOy Codex. Franca. CcmpBed by Bloomberg News. 


Mitsui Fodosn 1360 

MltsU Trust 634 

MuratoMJa 4720 

NEC 15® 

NBton IB® 

WWreSec 616 

Ntanerata 9250 

HHMi 344 

Ntean Motor 741 

NKK 260 

NomuraSec 11» 

NTT 8B30a 

MTTData 3510b 

OS Paper 60? 

OsntaGas 296 

Rtato 1490 

94® 

SokuiuBk 660 

Sankya 3220 

So wo Bank 12® 

SonroElec 454 

Seoom 7250 

SetouRwy 57® 

SekisulChem 11® 

SeklsaJ House 1110 

SewreBeven t>ao 

Stop 15® 

SNtotaJBPwr 1910 

SNmteJ 534 

5tWH3Sua» 24® 

Shlsdtto 1610 

Stilmcia Bk 11® 

Scftromk 7330 

Sony 90® 

Sura tamo 619 

SoaiOrotto Bk 1360 

Sum It Own S05 

SemBamnElec 17® 

SurnB Meted 295 

Sunri Trust 950 

Tatsh o PticTTn 3010 

TuhedaOiem 2S® 

TDK 96+0 

TritokuEIPwr I960 

Tokri Bank 8® 

Takto Marine 1218 

Tokyo E I Pvw 3158 

Tokyo Etedran 4590 

Tokyo Gos 296 

TokyuCorp. 630 

Tonea 7190 

Tappan Print 
Torar Ind 
Toshba 
Tostem 
Tore Trust 
Toruto Motor 34 aa 

YUnonoucH 26® 

fftltefeilJB 


1330 1350 
590 623 
4660 4690 
7+98 7500 
17® 1770 
598 61 B 
9050 9160 


3S9 365 

737 
251 255 

1150 11M 

B710a 8820a 
3460b 3480b 
589 595 

285 289 

14® 1470 

9390 94® 

630 644 

31® 3210 
1240 1260 

443 446 

72® 7250 

5650 57® 

11 ® 11 ® 
1060 11® 
7900 7920 

15® 1510 

IB® 19® 
513 522 

2440 247U 

15® 1610 

10® 11® 
7210 7250 

8910 B920 
811 
13® 13® 

501 503 

17® 17® 

288 292 

916 935 

2970 2990 

2790 28® 

8650 8690 

1910 1960 

857 881 

11® 12® 
2110 2150 

45® 45® 

289 296 

615 616 

Titt M® 

15® 15® 

744 748 

704 704 

2650 27® 

650 703 

2340 3S70 

26® 2660 


Toronto 

Abtttol Price 
Atoerto Energy 
Alcan Alun 
AndrosaiEwd 
BkMaareol 
Bk Men Sarita 
Bank* Gold 
BCE 

BCTefeann 

Staten Ptam 
B ombordfar B 
B rasas A 
Bre-kMlnerob 
Caraeco 
a SC 

CdnNatlRoS 

CdnNaiRe 

OtaOcddPri 

OtaiPodOc 

Cornmco 

Datescn 

Donriar 

DanoTtaeA 

Du PontCda A 

EdpoTGroap 

EuoNevMng 

FotakaFtail 

FokBnfaiMge 

HotaiierOyd A 

Franco Nevada 

GuKCdaRes 

ItapatUOU 

Ins 

Laewen Group 
Moroni BM1 
Magna (nil A 


Methanes 

Moore 

Nrwbrtdgc Net 

Narandamc 

Norcen Energy 

KttwmTeJeown 

Now 

Onae 

PwicdhPettan 
PetroCOo 
Placer Dome 
PocoPcMbi 
Potash Sask 
RenolssroiCB 
RloAloom 
Rogers CafflriB 


SheoCda A 

Stone Cansaid 

Suncor 

ToUmanEny 

TedtB 

Triegiobe 

Telus 

Thomson 

TorOam Bank 

Tromatu 

TraraQtoPtpe 

Trimark Flnl 

TrtecHaiBi 

TVXGoid 

WestacaslEny 

Weston 


Vienna 


BoeMer-Uddrt 
CredBartst Ptt 
EA-Genendl 
EVN 

Rughofen wten 
OMV 

Oesi Elektitz 
va Staid 
v A Tech 
WtonBfbrog Bou 


High Low i 

12)6 12JJ5 
28J0 27JO 
40U 39 JO 
29M 2845 
» 2B.® 
91J5 91 

11J0 1ILB5 
Z3J0 2110 
55.90 55.15 
2DJ70 1 930 
21® 22-65 
13W 1110 
105 10X40 
40J5 39tk 
31 J5 31.15 
Zte 2316 
S1J0 50.90 
5155 52'A 

20H 2ai5 
62 ® 
3930 38.90 
39.15 2 » 

39M 39.10 
19 JO 19® 
27 JO 2755 
37.70 36J5 
1170 1145 
25* 2130 
42-15 41 JO 
29ta 29.15 
L9S 165 
2X95 2X30 
7DI6 69.® 


ATXbrifactl78J5 
Previaes 116177 

85450 836 849 829 

468 461 JO 462® 464J0 
30® 2800 3060 3050 

1584 1556 1557 1565 

520 509 518-50 509 

1305JO 1283 12831280.10 

846.® S42J0 846.® 844 

47650 47050 473 472 

17531734.10 1740 17® 

2155 2121 71292144.15 


Wellington MgEJobdeggaa 

previous: 22+ui 


T5eMBSMtt:5777J5 
Prevwec 574X15 

2DM 20.10 20JD 20® 
2KJ0 28J0 28-80 JBJO 
4SJ0 44J0 45-60 44.70 
16,15 15LB5 it 16)0 
J5 47 JO 4640 47to 
--J0 49.® 5U5 50.15 
31J5 3114 31® 31-60 

6630 6316 6414 Ol70 

29 JO 29.10 29M 29 JO 

27 JO 27® 27 JC 24J0 
2640 26J0 2640 26J5 
30 2945 30 29 JO 

2J3 2J3 3J8 2J3 

4440 43 4165 4610 

31® 31® 11.90 31J5 
4865 47Vr 4860 47J5 
33«. 3140 32-55 31.15 
2670 26 2670 26 

HA5 32® 33.70 32.95 
3660 35® 35.95 3660 
2360 21® 23J0 231* 

1065 1030 1060 1030 
24.95 24® 24.95 24® 
3060 3019 3060 3)9> 

23JO ZZto 2314 22® 
41® 40» 41 40M 

29914 298W 299 999 

2848 2 7* 28J5 37® 

21 3065 21 2060 

67 6616 67 67W 

9® 9 .40 9 JO 960 

22® 2260 631t 6265 

4420 6105 44.15 £-45 
40.10 39 J8 £ 39 JO 
1BJS 17® 1BJS 18.10 
JU0 40J5 40J5 40Vi 
19 1845 19 1BJ0 

69 JO 6M4 6960 


AhN Lean B 

403 

198 

4® 

Briefly tavl 

1® 

1J9 

IJ9 

Carter Holt are 

114 

110 

114 

Retch Ch BUg 

un 

412 

416 

FWdiChEny 

426 

418 

424 

FWdiOi Foret 

1.91 

1J7 

UK 

FteWiCh Paper 

2 52 

171 

191 

Lion Nathan 

141 

340 

140 

TMecom NZ 

65/ 

654 

655 

Wltsan Horton 

11® 

11.45 

II® 


Zurich 

ABBB 

Adeem B 

AhButsseR 

Ares-SenmoB 

AMR 

BoesHdg B 

BakdseHdgR 

BK Vision 

QntontR 

DriSidsseqpR 

BetdrowatlB 

EmiOemte 

ESECHdg 

HDMOrtankB 

UecnetBTLBB 

NesWR 

NnartsR 

Oeittkn Bueti R 

Parse* Hid B 

PlwmVbnB 

RKtemomA 

PtattePC 

Radio Hdg PC 

SBC R 

SddnderPC 

5G5B 

SMH 8 

SuberR 

Swiss Reins R 

Swissair R 

UB5B 
WMrottaurR 
Zurtdi AsswR 


SPI todwc 2927 J2 
Pravtws: 29SSJ3 

17® 1724 1736 

469® 470 480® 

1177 1177 1186 
17® 1630 1840 

8M 8® 

12® 1691 12® 

2910 3910 2935 
868 870 869 

8® 0® 799 

163 16450 126J5 
532 S33 533 

5750 5860 5900 
3900 39® 3820 
1110 1116 1137 
d74 474 472 

IttZ 1736 1740 
1769 17® 1785 
147 14B 1 47.25 

1670 1700 16® 

713 na 720 
1525 1965 1925 
229 230 233 

lino 1 1625 11850 
397 297® 399 

1778 1796 1722 
3060 3625 3050 
BOO Wt S70 
974 

1544 1547 1552 

1387 1293 1398 
1313 1322 1324 
1007 1010 1023 

449 450 454 


***£.&. -T * 

■ : 





PAGE 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE* THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


Wednesday’s 4 P.M. Close | mjb'uS UoGt 

Noflonwida prfc« notrefledmg Icfe trades elsewhere. 

V* Assorted Press. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 

" ASIA/PACIFIC _ 


PACE 17 


|r, * Profit Surges 
At Jiangling 
With Help 
From Ford 


HONG KONG — — Jlangling Mo- 
tors Coip. attributed its huge 1996 
profit rise Wednesday to its success 
. in limiting production costs, with 
T help from Ford Motor Co., its U S 
* shareholder. 

s Jiangling said oet profit last year 
leaped 776percent, to 34.6 mfflian 
yuan ($4.16 million) from 3.95 mil- 
lion yuan a year earlier. Bur a fell in 
sales prices caused by sham com- 
petition limited gains at the Chinese 
maker of light trucks. Revenue 
totaled 1 .69 billion yuan, down from 
1 .97 billion yuan in 1995. 

1' The results, published in the 
China Securities newspaper, were 
•- calculated under Chinese account- 
ing standards except for the net 
profit figures, which were based on 
international standards. 

Ford, which currently holds a 20 
percent stake in J iangnng, helped 
improve cost controls and streamline 
management, a Jiangling spokesman 
‘ told the Hong Kong-based news- 
letter China Securities Bulletin. 

Jiangling also announced it 
would begin making light commer- 
cial vehicles with Ford’s help in die 
second half of 1997. 

“Profit margins widened as Ji- ' 
angling used more China-made car 
parts, which are cheaper,” a spokes- 
man said, adding that the domestic 
content of its vehicles rose to 80 
" percent in 1996 from 60 percent in 
-n 1995. 

Jiangling plans to issue 170 mil- 
lion new B shares, the class of shares 
that foreigners can buy, in June to 
- raise funds for the light-vehicle proj- 
. ect That is expected to cost between 
500 milli on and 700 millio n yuan. 

Ford in 1995 paid about $40 mil- 
lion to buy 80 percent of Jiangling’s 
1 74 million B shares. The U.S. com- 
pany also will buy 120 million shares 
of the new issue for $54.5 million. 

After the offer. Ford would hold 
close to 30 percent of the company's 
shares, Jiangling said. 

Separately. Jiangling’s chief 
competitor, Qinghng Motors Co., a 
Chinese company that makes Ja- 
panese Isuzu light tracks, said it 
planned to increase output a modest 
4 percent to 10 percent this year as it 
tested a new pickup-track model. 
Qmgling reported Tuesday that its 
net prefit more titan doubled in 
“ 199o. (Reuters, Bloomberg ) 


South Korea Giants Nurse Their Wounds 

Daewoo Securities Posts Loss Jinro Tries to Stay Afloat 


Bloomberg News ■ 

SEOUL — Daewoo Securities 
Co., South Korea’s largest broker- 
age concern, reported its first loss 
in nearly two decades Wednesday, 
having been battered by a slumping 
stock market and a slowing econ- 
omy. 

_ The company had a loss of 37.8 
billion won ($423 million) in the 
year ended in March, its first loss 
since 1979. 

Its loss is expected to set the 
pattern for many other South 
Korean securities firms as welL 
Quotiug industry sources, the 
Maeil Business Newspaper said the 
combined losses of the nation's top 
1 0 brokerage concerns reached 247 
billion won last year. Official fig- 
ures will be released next month. 

Securities Co/ane of lie*?? 
companies, had the biggest loss, 80 
billion won. It said Dong Won Se- 
curities Co., a medium -sized 
brokerage firm, was the most prof- 
itable in the year just ended, with 
earnings of 8 biltion won. 

“Most of the 33 brokerages pos- 
ted losses last year as their stock 


losses swelled and costs remained 
high, although their stock-transac- 
tion commission and underwriting 
incomes grew slightly,” Y.C 
Mole, an analyst at ING Baring 
Securities, said. Performances 
should improve this year, aided by 
an expected stock-market rebound, 
but substantial profit gains are un- 
likely because of high costs and 
large loan losses, he said. 

Daewoo had stock-market losses 
of 34.1 Ullion won last year and set 
aside an additional 1 8.9 billion won 
for future stock-valuation losses, 
Yoo Hynng Jong, a Daewoo ex- 
ecutive, said. Income from stock- 
broking transactions rose 20 per- 
cent, to 18.9 billion won. 

Daewoo also reserved 19 billion 
won for possible loan losses after 
the failures of Hanbo Group in 
January a nd Sammi Group in 
March. Daewoo had extended an 
undisclosed amount of loan guar- 
antees to tite two groups. 

Mr. Yoo said fee company ex- 
pected a net profit of about 40 Wlion 
won tins year, largely because of the 
anticipated recovery in stock prices. 
“The worst is over,” he said. 


Cw^ittd b , Om SuffFnrn tdm 

SEOUL — Jinro Group, facing 
concents that it is near collapse, 
said Wednesday it planned to 
merge and sell businesses to try to 
bolster its finances. 

Jinro, South Korea’s 1 9th-largest 
industrial group, will reduce the 
number of its umts to 12 from 18. Its 
announcement came a day after 
Jinro executives said the company 
would sell $1 .3 billion of assets and 
dose unprofitable businesses. 

The company has debts totaling 
about $33 billion. 

“The plan is part of our restruc- 
turing efforts to cut down unprof- 
itable businesses,” Kim Sung Ho. 
a Jinro spokesman, said 

The announcement came as an- 
other South Korean company, 
Ssangyong Motor Co., also said it 
was considering selling buddings 
and land to raise 70 billion to §0 
billion won ($78 million to $89 
million) to repay its debts. 

Analysts said Ssangyong’s 
debts were estimated at 3 . /trillion 
won, while the company put them 
at 3.2 trillion won. 

Analysts said financially trou- 


bled South Korean companies 
would continue to trim assets to try 
to pay debts. 

“ Consolidation will continue." 
Na Min Ho of Daishin Securities 
said. “Financial problems with 
Jinro and Ssangyong were high- 
lighted as they disclosed plans to 
sell off assets.” 

Jinro ’s troubles became appar- 
ent last week when one of its 
companies missed a debt payment, 
raising concent it could become 
South Korea’s third major corpo- 
rate casualty this year. 

Two steelmakers, Hanbo Group 
and R flippii Group, faded in January 
and in March, respectively, under a 
combined $83 billion debt load. 
Both failures showed how rising 
debt and a slowing economy were 
crippling some of South Korea's 
biggest companies. 

With annual sales of about S3.9 
billion and 6.000 employees, Jinro 
Group has subsidiaries in liquor, 
beer, construction, distribution, 
foods, electric cables, broadcasting 
and trading. South Korean banks 
said they were considering a bail- 
out of Jinro. (Bloomberg, Rearers) 


Hanoi and Beijing Start to Crack Down on Pirates 

Firm to Pay in Vietnam Copyright Suit 2 in China Are Sentenced to Prison 


CampB*dbf0wSi4fFtomD u f * A a 

HANOI — A state-owned en- 
tertainment co mpan y in Ho Chi 
Mirth City has been ordered by a 
court to pay damages to a composer 


me acting director or baigon 
Video Co., Pham Hong Cam, said 
the company was ordered to pay 
1339 million dong ($1, 150) in com- 
pensation to a composer, Tran Tien, 
fra- illegally recording and distrib- 
uting his songs. 

Saigon Video produced an album 
featuring 10 of Mr. Tien*6 songs, 
some of which bad been slightly 
modified. 

The company argued m court fear 
it had not violated copyright law 
because the songs' had previously 
been widely distributed and it was 
therefore not obliged to ask the com- 
poser for permission to rep r oduce 


But fee court ordered fee com- 
pany to pay Mr. Tien 12 percent of 
its revenues from the sale of more 
than 6,000 audio cassettes. 

It also ruled in favor of Mr. Hen's 
claim that after Saigon Video re- 
leased its album, be lost a contract 
with another firm that had agreed to 
make an album of his songs. 

Saigon Video was ordered to 
make public apologies to the com- 
poser m a newspaper and in local 
television and radio broadcasts. 

The protection of auth orship and 
intellertual property is specified in 
the civil code mat came mto effect 
last year. 

But videos, audio cassettes and 
compact discs are routinely copied 
and sold in Vietnam. 

Meanwhile, U.S. officials said 
Wednesday that the two countries 
were on fee verge of reaching a 
copyright protection agreement 

( Reuters . AFP) 


By Seth Faison 

New York Times Service 

SHANGHAI — As part of a na- 
tionwide crackdown on the illegal 
copying of movies and music, fee 
Supreme People’s Coon has an- 
nounced prison sentences in two high- 
profile cases of copyright piracy, of- 
ficial media reported Wednesday. 

China’s failure to prosecute copy- 
right pirates has been a major sticking 
point between Chinese and American 
trade negotiators, so the imprison- 
ment of ractory managers who were 
responsible for large-scale piracy 
marks a breakthrough of sorts. 

Pu Xingfaua. former deputy gen- 
eral manager of Suzhou Baodie 
Compact Disk Co., was sentenced to 
17 years in prison for pirating more 
than 3 million audio and video com- 
pact disks valued at about $13 mil- 
lion. including 130,000 porno- 
graphic videos, fee coart said. The 


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Wednesday Prev. ■ • 
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Source: Telekurs 


IiuenuDonal Henid Tribune 


long sentence was clearly due to fee 
fact that many of the movies il- 
legally copied at his factory con- 
tained pornography. 

Wang Binyan. former chairman 
and general manager of Calling Au- 
dio & Video Products in Guangzhou, 
was sentenced to four years for copy- 
ing more than 5 million audio and 
video disks valued at $26 milli on. 

In the past, punishment for copy- 
right pirates in China has generally 
been limited to minor fines, in some 
cases because judicial authorities 
did not see illegal copying as a se- 
rious crime. In other cases, where 
fee piracy business was so lucrative 
that powerful members of China’s 
military and police got involved, 
factory managers were able to es- 
cape prosecution. 

Mr. Wang's office, for example, 
was inside a military compound in 
Guangzhou until he was taken into 
custody a year ago. 


Very briefly: 

• Seagate Technology Inc., the world’s largest disk-drive 
manufacturer, may transfer fee production of some of its high- 
end disk drives for portable computers from Singapore to 
Malaysia. 

• Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co. said it was close 
to an agreement with AT&T Corp. on cutting accounting 
rates to 85 cents a minute from SI . The accounting rate is what 
AT&T pays its Philippine counterpart for handing calls made 
from the United States to the Philippines, and vice versa. 

• Chrysler Corp. said it would cut prices on its Neon compact 
sedan in Japan by up to 15 percent after the company sold less 
than a quarter of what it had forecast in fee six months after its 
rollout. 

• China expects to decide by the end of the month when it mil 
allow the first ship in 48 years to sail directly across the 
Taiwan Strait from the Chinese mainland, said an official of 
fee Taiwan Affairs Office of die Ministry of Communications 
in Beijing. 

• Tokyo's office occupancy rates rose for the 10th straight 
quarter as the Japanese real estate market stabilized after five 
years of decline. The rates rose 0.8 percent to 94.8 percent in 
the Januaiy-March quarter. 

• Mitsubishi Motors Corp. of Japan will start producing 
recreational vehicles in Taiwan and will begin exports to the 
island A ban on Japanese car imports was lifted in Feb- 
ruary. 

• Singapore and Hungary said they would sign agreements 
to guarantee investments and avoid double taxation. 

• Shaw Wallace & Co., a liquor and personal care products 
maker, offered to sell a majority stake in its soaps and 
detergents unit, Calcutta Chemical Co„ in a bid to raise funds 
to repay debts of about 3 billion rupees ($84 million). 

• Capital Guardian Trust Co., a U.S. fund manager, has 

become the largest shareholder in Wako Securities Co^ 
giving it the largest foreign stake in a listed Japanese broker- 
age. Bloomberg. Return 


Slowdown Is Seen for Asian ‘Tigers’ 


Agence Frtmce-Preste 

MANILA — China, 
Malaysia, Thailand and Vi- 
etnam will maintain econom- 
ic growth rates of up to 10 
percent into the new millen- 
'■oium, though the maturing, 
original Asian “tigers’* are 
heading for a slowdown, a 

- United Nations report said 
Wednesday. 

While somewhat slower 
than in the recent past, “the 
rates are still high enough to 
enable their current economic 
size to double within a period 
of seven to 10 years,” fee 
UN’s Economic and Social 
Commission for Asia and the 
Pacific said. 

- The "first gwteraiion” 

• newly industrializing econo- 
mies of Hong Kong, South 
Korea. Singapore and 
Taiwan, meanwhile, ‘ ‘are ex- 
pected to record a more pro- 

^ nounced slowdown as a nat- 
ural consequence of maturing 
.. economies,” the report said. 

* The “comparatively slow- 
growing South Asian” econ- 
omies are expected to improve 
as they put reforms in place 
and prospects for the region’s 
“least developed" and Pa- 

■ cific island economies “may 
not be so Weak,” it added. 

The Philippine economy, 
which was not classified, 
should “grow at an acoeler- 
^ attvl rate of 7 percent during 

■ the period” of 1996 to 2000, 

the report said. 

The economies of die 
former Soviet republics of 
Central Asia “are expect e d to 
stabilize fully and set them- 
selves on a path to positive 
growth by the turn of fee cen- 
tury," the UN body said.. 

The agency’s projections 
are partly based on indica- 
tions of “healthy growth” of 
the world's developed econ- 
omies into the 21st century. 

The world economy should 


grow fry 2.7 percent per year 
from 1996 to 2000, compared 
wife 1.4 percent in the pre- 
vious five years, the repent 
said. Ada and die Pacific will 
have an average GDP growth 
of 6.7 percent per annum, 
compared wife 73 percent in 
the last five years, while some 
Central Asian "economies in 
transition” will post 3.3 per- 
cent growth, from negative 
7.7 percent, it said. 


Before fee tarn of the cen- 
tury, Malaysia’s GDP, which 
registered an estimated 83 
percent increase in 1996, will 
average 83 percent per an- 
num, Thailand wife 6.7 per- 
cent growth in 1996, will av- 
erage 73 percent, and 
Vietnam, wife 9.4 percent in 
1996, will average 9.9 per- 
cent, fee report said. 

(T'tna. which grew by an 
estimated 93 percent in 1996 


will average 8.7 percent, the 
UN body said. 

Hong Kong, wife estimat- 
ed 5.0 percent GDP growth in 
1996. will average 4.4 per- 
cent from 1996 to 20 00. fee 
report said. Singapore, wife 
6.7 percent in 1996, will av- 
erage 6.0 percent over the 
five-yea* period, and South 
Korea, which registered 6.6 
percent last year, will main- 
tun this growth rate, it said. 


FIDELITY GLOBAL SELECTION FUND 

Soci6t6 dlnvestissement S Capital Variable 
Kansallis House - Place de VEtoile 
L-1021 Luxembourg 
R.C. No B 27223 


NOTICE OF ADJOURNED EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING 

As the Extraordinary General Meeting of March 28. 1997 fed not reach the quorum of 50% 
required by law. notice is hereby given that an Extraordinary General Meeting of Share- 
holders of Fidelity Global Selection Fund Sicav (“the Company") will be held at the regis- 
tered office of the Company in Luxembourg on May 2 , 1997 at 0930 a.m M or on any ad- 
journed date, to consider the following agenda: 

1 . To resolve to liquidate Fidelity Global Selection Fund. 

2. To appoint Fidelity Investments Luxembourg S-A. as the Liquidator and to determine 
the powers to be granted to the Liquidator and die liquidation procedure: 

3. To fix the date of fee second Shareholders’ Meeting to hear fee Report of fee Liquidator 
and to appoint Coopers & Lybrand as the Auditors of the Company. 

4. To fix the dnre of the third Meeting of Shareholders to hear fee Report of fee Auditor 
and to decide the close of the Liquidation of the Company. 

No quorum of shares present c*r represented at fee Meeting is required in order to deliberate 
validly on fee agenda. A decision in favour of the Resolution no. 1 of the agenda must be 
approved by Shareholders bolding at least 2/3 of the shares represented at the Meeting. 

Subject to fee limitations imposed by die Articles of Incorporation of fee Company with 
regard to ownership of shares which constitute in the aggregate more than three percent 
(3%) of fee outstanding shares, each share is entitled to one vote. A shareholder may act 
at any Meeting by proxy. 

Dated : January 27, 1997 

By Order of the Board of Directors 


a RRINCY AND CAPITAL N LARK FT SERVICES 


' I /mco 

Internationa] Foreign Exchange Corporation 

your goal is our goal 

. A ' Margin 3 - 5% - 24 how* trading desk 

A . -:X fciADKFT UPDATES ON NBC TEXT PAGES 355 & 356 
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PAGE 18 

































































































































































































I 


HTEBIWHOfUL 


PAGE 20 


Sports 


?■ 4 


m J& 


THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 r 


World Roundup 



Mcr DEjoagMP 

Jalabert breaking away on the 
Wall of Huy, a steep hilL 


Jalabert Wins 

cycunq Laurent Jalabert, of the 
ONCE team, surged away from fel- 
low Frenchman Luc Leblanc, with 
Fold, one kilometer from the finish 
at the summit of a steep bill to win 
the Flecbe Wallonne cycle race in 
Belgium for the second time in 
three years. 

Jalabert crossed tbe line about 1 8 
seconds ahead of former world 
champion Leblanc. Alex Quelle, a 
Swiss rider with ONCE, took third 
place. (Reuters) 

Seeds Fall in Barcelona 

tennis Only six of the 16 seeds 
remained in the Barcelona 
Wednesday after Yevgeni 
nikov. tbe second seed, lost to Mag- 
nus Laisson 3-66-2 6-3 and Marcelo 
Rios, the fifth seed, lost to Spaniard 
Alberto Portas 7-5, 7-6. Carlos 
Moya was one of tbe few seeds to 
survive the second round. He beat 
fellow Spaniard Francisco Clavet 6- 
4 6-4. Clavet had beaten Moya last 
week in Estoril. (Reuters) 

five Red Cards in Cup 

soccer Five players were sent 
off on a night of hot tempers in the 
South American Libertadores Cup 
on Tuesday. 

Three players were shown the red 
card in the match between Gremio 
of Brazil and Peru’s Sporting Cristal 
even though both teams had already 
qualified for the second round. 

Gremio won 2-0 and finished top 
of die qualifying group. It lost Paulo 
Nunes, while the Peruvian cham- 
lost Norbeno Solano and 
luel Marengo. 

Uruguay's Nadonal finished 
with nine men ^gainst Deportivo 
Cali of Colombia after Gustavo 
Badell and Aguiar were shown the 
red card in the last five minutes in 
Montevideo. The match ended I- 1 . 
Cali must win against Uruguayans 
Penarol on Friday to move ahead of 
Nadonal into third place and join 
Penarol and Miilonarios, of Colom- 
bia, in the next round. 

• Cottbus Energie became only 
the second regional league side to 
reach the German Cup final by 
beating first division Karlsruhe, 3- 
0. on Tuesday night. Hertha Berlin, 
an amateur team, reached the final 
in 1993. It lost (Reuters) 

Robertson Gives Kidney 

Oscar Robertson, 58, a Hall-of 
Fame basketball player, was released 
from University Hospital in Cincin- 
nati on Tuesday after donating his 
kidney to his dataller Tia, 32, who is 
suffering from lupus. She was re- 
ported in good condition. (API 


Mets’ No. 42, 
6 0n Cloud 9, 5 
Sparks Rally 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — It all seemed 


A daring dash to the {date. A game 
turning play at second base. A black 
player wearing No. 42 starting the go- 
ahead rally. Only a Dodgers* victory 
was missing — but the New York team 
won. 

Times have changed a bit in 50 years. 

“I was on cloud nine the whole day; 
my stomach was turning the whole 
game." Butch Huskey said Tuesday 
night after starting the winning rally in 
the New York Mets* 5-0 victory over 
the Los Angeles Dodgers, who. for the 
first time since Jackie Robinson made 
his debut 50 years ago. do not have a 
black man in their starting lineup. 

‘T’li remember the president was 
here.’* said the Mets manager, Bobby 
Valentine. "I'll remember Butch wore 
42 and had a big part in the game." 

Lance Johnson had a pair of two-run 
singles and paid tribute to tbe man who 
paved the way for blacks to play major 
league baseball. 

"To win it for JaJric, to have a good 
game, is something I'm never going to 
forget for the . ' ~ r Jiy life,” Johnson 
said- 

Just before President Bill CFnton 
spoke from behind home plate, Huskey 
sparked tbe go-ahead rally when be 
singled off Ismael Valdes leading off 
the fifth. 

Huskey got a shock when acting com- 
missioner Bud Selig announced to the 
crowd that Robinson sNc 42 was being 
retired for all major .<•>*. an 

idea proposed by the National League 
president, Len Coleman. But the 12 
players who now wear the number can 
keep it for the rest of their careers. 

"That’s the almost award I can ever 
get in my life," Huskey said. "I can get 
any other award for the rest of my career 
and it will not mean more to me." 

What about players who want to hon- 
or him in tbe future by wearing No. 42? 

"A day late and a dollar short," 
Huskey said. 

Carlos Baerga followed Huskey’s hit 
with a hit-and-run grounder to third that 
Todd Zeile fumbled for an error, and 
Alex Ochoa's single loaded the bases. 
Rey Ordonez bounced into a 1-2-3 
double play, but pinch hitter Man 
Franco walked to reload the bases. 

Johnson followed with a grounder up 
the middle. Rookie second baseman 
Wilton Guerrero knocked the ball down 
but bad no play. 

One run scored easily, and Ochoa — 
running the way Robinson would have 
— never broke stride and scored all the 
way from second cm a ball that didn't 
make it out of the infield. 



The Associated Press 

On a historic day that belonged to No. 
42, the Chicago Cubs maA» their mark 
with No. 1 1. 

The Cubs set die modem National 
League record for consecutive losses at 
the start of a season, dropping to 0-1 1 
Tuesday with a 10-7 loss to the Col- 
orado Rockies. 

While the rest of baseball was cel- 
ebrating the 50th anniversary of die day 

Jackie Robinson broke die color barrier 
wearing No. 42 for the Brooklyn 
Dodgers, the talk at Wrigley Field con- 
cerned the Cubs’ misery. “I can’t sleep, 
I can’t eat," center fielder Brian McRae 
said. "I have to send my wife away on a 
trip until things get better, because I'm 
not fun to be around right now." 

Tbe Cubs had been tied with the 1988 



Fans Recall Jackie, 
A Hero to Many 


By Bmce Weber 

New York Times Service 


JnGMSoaa 

Jackie Robinson was remembered in many dries. In Baltimore, his 
number was lit up on tbe scoreboard behind tbe Orioles' Jeff RebouleL 

Colorado Gives the Cubs 
A Dubious Distinction 


Kmfa ftrqaoanbg A w i nit fe ftan 

President Clinton with Robinson’s widow, Rachel, at tbe Dodger game. 


Atlanta Braves at 0-10 for the modem 
NL marie tbe league’s 1884 Detroit 
Wolverines also dropped their first 1 1 
games. 

The major league record is 0-21 by 
the 1988 Baltimore Orioles. 

Larry Walker hit two home runs, giv- 
ing him nine this season, as the Roddies 
won their fifth straight road game. Col- 
orado was to play again Wednesday at 
Chicago. 

Walker leads tbe majors in homers 
and RBIs (22), and is batting A 22. 

. P lwm 3, 2 Tony Womack 

wobbled to first base with a trainer at his 
side in an odd ending at Three Rivers 
Stadium. 

With the score 2-2. tbe Pirates 
loaded die bases with one out Sterling 
Hitchcock’s pitch glanced off 
Womack’s aim and into his face, drop- 
ping the Pittsburgh leadoff hitter to the 
ground. 

After a few minutes, Womack got up 
and slowly made his way to first base. 
Had he not been able to make it, baseball 
niles would have permitted a pinch- 
runner to complete the crip. 

Greg Vaughn hit a solo homer for San 
Diego in the top of the ninth. 

Braves 3, Rods o John Smoltz pitched 
a six-hitter for the 10th shutout of his 
career. The NL Cy Young winner struck 
out seven and walked two. 

Atlanta won its fourth in a row and 
10th in 11 games. Cincinnati lost its 
sixth straight road game. 

Ca n BnsU 9, Martins 3 Brady Raggio 
won his major league debut, pitching 
five and one-third innings to beat Alex 
Fernandez and host Florida. 

Raggio gave up two runs and five 
hits. SL Louis, which has five pitchers 
on the disabled list, called up foe 1A- 
y ear-old Raggio from Triple- A Louis- 
ville on Monday. 

(Rants 8, PhiiBaa 4 Jeff Kent homered 
for his third straight game, and San 
Francisco won its fifth in a row. The 
Giants tied their best start on the road at 
4-0. Philadelphia lost its fourth con- 
secutive game. 

Expos 7, Astras s Pedro Martinez 
made his first appearance of the season a 
strong one, pitching six innings at the 
Astrodome. He held Houston to three 
hits and struck out six. 

Martinez was suspended for eight 
games last September for his part in a 
brawl. He served one game last year, 
and missed the first seven games this 
season. 


NEW YORK —It was a trifle surreal,. 

die fifth liming at Shea Stadium. 

’ But this was not baseball on Tuesday 
night; it was ceremony. It was history. 

A singer named Tevin Campbell sang 
"Tbe Impossible Dream" from a mi- 
crophone behind home plate, and then 
came the tnnnmirwiiwif "Ladies and 

f emlemen, the president of the United 
tales." President Bill Clinton, hobbled 
from his recent fall, limped to the plate 
on crutches. 

"Unbelievable,” said Arthur Berna- 
dette. a businessman from Teaneck, 
New Jersey, sitting behind the home- 
plate screen. "I’ve been coming here 
since 1964, and I’ve never seen this, 
though I used to see Richard Nixon 
sitting right over there, with six Secret 
Service men." 

Tbe president was at Shea to honor 
Jackie Robinson, who played Ins first 
major-league game for the Brooklyn 
Dodgers 50 years ago Tuesday. Clin- 
ton’s message, "that America is a bet- 
ter, stronger country when we all work 
together, ’ was well received by a crowd 
that consisted of many more black 
people than usual in a major-league ball 
park, and many more people of any 
color than one might find these days at 
Shea for an ordinary game. 

All in all, the president received a 
warmer welcome from tbe fans than 
many mayors do. But then, it was a 
different type of crowd. For one tiling, 
the Mets had distributed 19.000 free 
tickets, most of them to children. 

The fans arrived early, and they were 
uncharacteristically well-mannered, not 
quiet really, just thoughtful, or so it 
seemed. During the game, people were 
distracted; in d eed, tbe familiar cry of 
"Let’s go. Mets” arose with the Los 
Angeles Dodgers at baL 
Beforehand, outside tbe park, there 
was little of the ill-tempered shoving 
that often characterizes the lines at the 
ticket booths. 

The game between the Mets and the 
Dodgers seemed almost incidental to the 
Jackie Robinson fete, and many of those 
in attendance, if not most, were drawn 
by his memory more than by the fortunes 
of tiie somewhat hapless home team. 

"He was absolutely my hero," said 
Jacqueline Tuggle, 62. a retired finan- 
cial analyst with IBM Corp. “In 1947, 
when I was about 12 years old, he came 
to my church, tbe Trinity Methodist 
Church in tbe Bronx, and be changed 
my life. I know it sounds hokey, but he ‘ 


did Before Ms getting into baseball,-* 
whar was there for a black person ton 
aspire to? He let us know you could do^/ 
anything you set your mind to. I justr. 
loved that man.” _ J \ 

tcaar Gilbert, 72, traveled from Staten s 
Tg i and with bis longtime frien d Henry 
Bingham. Both are retired from the New/? 
Yak Slate Department of Menial*. - 
Health. and they have been working to- 
gether and talking baseball since 1964. - - 
“I became a Dodger fan in 1946 iso 
South Carolina,’ ’ said Bingham, who isi-t 
68. “I just liked them. I don’t knovO 
why. And when they left. I went over tes? 
the Mets- I came today for the Jackie*!* 
Robinson tribute and. of course, to see.” 
my losing old Mets.” 

Felix Varela. 64. a substance-abus&c 
counselor who lives in the Bronx and/i 
was wearing a Yankees bat celebrating^ 


Yankee Fans Welcome Leyritz, 
Then Rue His Return to N. Y. 


-c. 


-k 


Ccnydedb? Oar Sutf From Dbparha 

NEW YORK — Yankee Stadium 
fans rose to salute Jim Leyritz after the 
Anaheim Angels* catcher Mt a second- 
inning home run, again showing then- 
appreciation for Leyritz’ s contributions 
to the Yankees’ 1996 World Series 
championship. 

But Leyritz may have worn out his 
welcome in the ninth when he lined a 
two-out, two-run double into the gap in 
left center off the on ce-in vincible Mari- 
ano Rivera, lifting the Angels to a riv- 
eting 6-5 victory and leaving a crowd of 
16,944 stunned and silent. 

Welcome back to New York, Jim. 
Now go home. 

“I don’t know if I’m going to get 
treated as well the next time I’m here,’ 1 
said Leyritz, who had four hits Tuesday 
night and a two-run homer in Monday 
night's victory over New York, “ft 
would be fim to do this a gains t any team, 
but doing it here makes it that much 
nicer." 

The Angels’ Japanese pitcher, Shi- 
getoshi Hasegawa, who retired the side 
m order in tbe eighth, got his first major 
league victory. 


Royals 7, Blue Jays 5 In Toronto, Jeff! 
King had three hits, including a homer, 
and drove in three runs in Kansas City’sr 
victory. . ;■> 

Hangar* S, White Sox 2 In Adlngtony': 
Texas, Bobby Witt blanked the Whiter: 
Sox for seven innings as the Rangers 
extended Chicago's early-seasan slid^ 
It was Chicago’s sixth loss Ln sever* 
games. 

Orioios3,itoimi In Baltimore, Bradjf 
Anderson and Jeff Reboulet homered 
arid three Baltimore pitchers held Min* 
nesota to two hits as the Orioles won 
their fifth straight. Anderson ledoffthg 
first with his second home run and went 
2-for-3. his seventh multihit game in 1 1) 
games this season. -.1 

M a rln ai ■ 8, Indiana 4 In Cleveland” 
Paul Sorrento drove in four runs with air' 
career-high five hits to lead Seattle. “V 

Rad Sox 7, Athletic* 2 hi Boston^ 

Aaron Sele pitched seven shutout inn 
nings as the Red Sox posted their think 
straight triumph. .4 

Jose Canseco, traded from Boston to 
Oakland in the offseason, spoiled did 
shutout with a two-run single in the 
ninth off Healhcliff Slocumb. - J 
i^gora 3, Bnwora i in Milwaukee? 
Tony Clark’s two-run homer powered 
Detroit to victory. (LAT r APJ k 




1940s when he lived In Puerto Rico. ft 

"But they left us, remember?" he saict-f 
"So my allegiance is to the Yankees.’’- 
■Stitt, he said, what Robinson joined the*u 
Dodgers in 1947, “We felt, in Puerto.” 
Rico, that our heart was in Brooklyn.” 

Varela arrived here not long after-*} 
ward. "I loved to see him try to beat theji 
Yankees,” he said. “Then finally, in* 
’55, the Bums did h." 

Of Robinson, Varela said: 4 *Th»» 
Dodgers traded him, you know. Nobody I 
remembers that. To the Giants. But hie 
didn’t go. He said he was going to hangtii 
his glove up and retire with honor.-,! 
Today they oon’t have that; it'sall about 
money. But Jack had it. Jack had h.” 

And of course, there were the o!d«J i 
Brooklynites, many of them dressed in.-**' 
old Dodger jackets or cars emblazoned* d 
with the stylized letter "B." u 4 

Mike Vitulli, 56, a restaurant worker 
who fives on Long Island, said his sons.i 
bought tickets to foe game for his birth-si? 
day. along with the Brooklyn jacket heiT 
was wearing and a Dodger yearbook^ 
from 1956, the year of the last Brooklyn.! 
World Series appearance. *si 

"Growing up we heard a lot of sto-*£ 
ries.” said Ms ^3-year-old son, Joe. \> 
"ft was a nickel for the bus,” Vitulli 
said, "and we’d get into Ebbets FiekD 
for notiiing after the third inning, ft watf 3 
nothing to skip school and go to a baft;, 

g ame .* . J* 

Vitulli, who is white and grew up in» 
Brooklyn, said his neaghboihaacLwas 
mixed anithathe went td games, with £ 
black, friends. Robinson’s arrival, irr£ 
Brooklyn, he said, * ‘was somefoftrg fotn 
all of us.” Vitulli said he became a Mets 
fan after the Dodgers left town. \ a 
"But tonight,’ ’he said. "I’m rooting * 
for die Dodgers.” ni 


! J * ' 

• ’ 

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1 V 'V/— 


Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


a 

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1W 

3W 


1 

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Boffimore 9 1 J18 

Baton 7 4 -538 

Detroit 7 7 .500 

Toronto 4 6 Ml 

New York 5 8 MS 

CENTRAL OmSttN 


Milwaukee 

Kansas ary 

Minnesota 

demand 

CMeago 


556 

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M2 

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Strife 

Oakland 

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5 5 500 

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St Louis 

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Los Anodes 0 4 Ml 

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AMERICAN LEAGUE 

Detroit BOO 002 001-3 

MBwmlree 001 000 000-1 


0 1 
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Mew York 013 DM 100-5 9 0 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 

SPORTS 


PAGE 21 


i >, 

; James Gets 24 
*J> * In 4 th Quarter 
' As Hawks 
' Overtake Nets 


The Associated Prea 

Henry James, who entered the game 
, with about 10 minutes left to play, made 
seven 3-pointers as the Atiama Hawks 
-.outscoreri New Jersey. 48-21, in the 
' fourth quarter to stun the Nets, 109-101 
Atlanta tied the NBA season high for 
points in a quarter, set by the Toronto 
Raptors agamst the Nets on Jaru 11. 

“I thought we needed some energy 
on the floor when I came in die game,’ " 

said James, who has played with six 

NBA teams and began this season in the 

Co nt i nent al Basketball Association. "I 
just tried to come out and make things 
happen. And, obviously, the 3-pointers 
were what was happening." 

The Hawks trailed, 80-61, at the end 
of the third quarter on Tuesday night 
before James entered the game. He tied 
the NBA record for 3-pointers in a 
quarter, set this season by a ♦wwTwimtw 
Steve Smith. 

James’s 24 points came on the seven 

3-poimers and a three-shot foul when he 
was fouled behind the 3-point line. Hie 
' three free throws brought the Hawks to 
within 99-98 with l:26remainmg. 

James felt so confident he tried one 3- 
pointer from at least 10 feet (3 meters) 
behind the arc. That me missed, but he 
was 7-for-9 from 3-point range. 

"I felt 1 should have hit that one, 
too," be said, “lfgiven the opportunity, . 
I would take it again." 

James didn't score again after his 
three free throws, but Mookfe Blaylock 
off the comeback with three 
steals in die final minute. 

Rocfcats 123, CT ppar a 112 Hakeem 
plajuwon scored 14 of his 24 points in 
'die fourth quarter as the Rockets almost 
blew a 19-point lead against visiting Los 
Angeles. 

Houston led, 98-79, early- in the 
■ fourth quarter thanks to die- 3-point 
shooting of Matt Maloney (5-of-6) and 
Eddie Johnson (5-of-7). But the Clip- 
pers pulled to within 109-106 with 3:21 
left Rodney Rogers led the rally with 12 
fourth-quarter points and had 34 for the 
game. Houston held on, however, to pull 
out the victory. 

Si^MrSanics 108, Spws ra In Seattle, 
Gary Payton scored 24 paints and 
Shawn Kemp had 22 points and 12 
rebounds as the SuperSonics reclaimed 
first jilacfijo die Pacific Divi sion by 
routing San Antonia 

Jazz 127, Sun 122 Karl Malone had- - 
31 points and 11 rebounds as Utah seta.- 
fra nchise re cord for victories by win- 
ning atPhoenix. 

Jeff Hornacek, who had 27 points, hit 
a 3-pointer with 1:25 left to give the Jazz 
a 1 17-1 13 lead. With 57 seconds to go, 
John Stockton made it 120-115 with 
another 3-pointer, and Hornacek added 
three free throws in the final 15 seconds 
to ice the Jazz's 21st victory in 23 
games. The triumph was No. 61 for die 
Jazz, a franchise record that bettered the 
60-22 mark of die 1994-95 team. 

Bucks 92, Raptors 85 Glenn Robinson 
and Vin Baker had strong second halves 
to cany Milwaukee past visiting 
Toronto. 

Robinson scored 13 of bis 19 points 
in the second half and Baker scored 14 
of his 17 after half tune as the Bucks won 
for the third straight time, marching a 
season high. 





Agents of Capitalism 
Pursue a Future Star 

NFL Prospect’s Family Is Besieged 


Tan jobauonV: Aaoaalrd fteu 

Charles Barkley of the Rockets, right, trying out an innovative defense tactic on the Clippers' Darrick Martin. 

1,066 and All That: NHL Playoffs 

After a Long Season, 16 Teams Begin Seeking Stanley Cup 


By Joe Lapointe 

New York Tima Service ■ 

Hockey games last three periods, 
but this season took four quarters. 

It began in late summer, with a 
United States victory over Canada in 
the World Cup, an exciting break- 
through for a seme of American stars. 
Many followed up with stellar Na- 
tional Hockey League seasons. 

Fall and winter brought 1,066 reg- 
ular-season games to qualify 16 of 26 
teams for die springtime Stanley Cup 
playoffs. The surprising teams were in 
Buffalo and Dallas, both divisional 
winners after they failed to make last 
season’s tournament. 

The biggest disappointments were 
Boston, out of die postseason for the 
first time in three decades, and Wash- 
ington. talented and injury-riddled and 

high-profile teams 
^ke-©etroiCl%sb«rab and die New 
York Rangers qualified comfortably, 
despite regressing!. 

Canada didn't fore very well here, 
either, with Toronto, Calgary and Van- 
couver eliminated while Montreal. Ot- 
tawa and Edmonton barely made the 
cut. 

Much of the season was dreary, 
filled with unpeoalized obstruction 
-fouls, lower scores, stagnant or de- 
clining television ratings, an increase 
in fighting and several egregious dis- 
plays of disrespect far referees. But 
spring brings hope and a chance fra- an 
upbeat conclusion. 

The defending champions, the Col- 
orado Avalanche, first overall in the 
regular season, appear to be die fa- 
vorite to repeat. 

Joe Salac, die Avalanche captain 


from Team f3an«fa, said “I imagine 
it's going to be more difficult" to 
repeat than it was to win the first cup. 

"We're not going to catch anybody 
by surprise," Sakic said. “Everyone 
will be gunning for us. We’re ready for 
the challenge." 

Colorado opened against Chicago 
on Wednesday night. 

The New Jersey Devils, champions 
of 1995 and first in the Eastern Con- 
ference this season, face Montreal 
first 

Despite die loss of Dave An- 
dreychuk with a broken ankle. New 
Jersey seems balanced, primed and 
motivated to erase the embarrassment 
of last spring's nonqualification. 

Coach Jacques Lemaire, a modem 
man from the old school, will hide his 
players in the Montreal suburbs to 
avoid the distractions of the big city. 

"You finish first, they say you have 
half the cup in your pocket," Lemaire 
said. ‘Tve been through this. It’s a 
long, long road.”,; . . ... „ . 

The Dallas Stars finished second 
overall in the West and tied with the 
Devils at 104 points for second-best in 
die league, 3 behind Colorado. 

Mike Modano, who led them with 
35 goals and 83 points, said he wanted 
"to go hide ureter a rock” last April. 
This time, the precious stones in a 
Stanley Cup ring could balance his 
finger jewelry from the World Cup. 

"This is what you play for all year," 
Modano said. “We turned it around. 
We proved we can beat the top 
dubs." 

The Stars will play the young Oilers, 
who have the old Kevin Lowe back this 
season to remind them of their 1980s 
dynasty. He usually knows what to 
say. 


“You’ve got to show them uo re- 
spect," Lowe said, referring to the 
Stars. "Pick away. May chippy and 
gritty. Hack and whack. Get in their 
faces." 

Even lowly Ottawa, making its first 
playoff appearance with a league-low 
77 points, opens against Buffalo with 
optimism. 

“Heck, we’re here," said Lance 
Pi dick, a defenseman. “We didn't just 
do this so we could lose four straight 
and go play golf." 

The Flyers, who open against Pitt- 
sburgh, were the preseason favorite of 
many. But uncertainty over goalies — 
will it be Ron Hextall or Garth Snow? 
— has many of their fens fearful. 

“I'm not the coach," said Hextall, 
who isn’t always a stable goalie either. 
They should get by the Penguins, who 
aren’t inspired by Mario Lemieux’s 
farewell. 

Detroit, another underachiever, has 
a Flyer-like. goalie question r- Mike. 
Vernon or Chris Osgood? — and a 
coach, Scotty Bowman, who has 
moved a top center, Sergei Fedorov, to 
defense. 

Fedorov isn’t complaining. 

“This brought me back to life,’ ’ said 
Fedorov, who scored 30 goals. “It’s 
kind of rebellious, and I like that." 

Without a cup since 1955, Detroit 
has the league's longest drought To 
get within sipping distance, they must 
first get by Gram Fuhr, the Blues’ 
goalie, one of the few capable of steal- 
ing a series. 

"I’m excited about the playoffs,” 
said Fuhr, who was injured last spring 
when Detroit beat St. Louis in Round 2. 
"This is the unfinished business I’ve 
been looking forward to for two 
years." 


By Nicole Harris 

Speeiil le 7*rsp Washington Post 

"Show me the money!" Tom Cruise 
screams in the movie “Jerry Maguire." 
The words bold special meaning for my 
family. 

My brother, Marcus Harris, is a wide 
receiver for the University of Wyoming 
football learn and the recipient of the 
1997 Biletnikoff Award, given to the 
country’s top college wideleceiver. He 
is the first wide receiver in NCAA his- 
tory to have three consecutive 1,400- 
yard seasons. He has amassed 4J18 
yards in his college career, another 
NCAA record. He earned consensus all- 
American honors this past season. So 
Marcus, who will graduate this spring, 
declared himself eligible for Saturday’s 
NFL draft. 

Is it any wonder that sports agents 
have been calling? 

Though plenty of respectable and re- 
spectful agents have sought out my 
brother, Marcus laughingly suggests 
that the “Jerry Maguire" movie char- 
acter, sleazy agent Bob Sugar, was 
cloned and now rails him daily. 

Agents "all act like they’re my best 
friends," Marcus says. He is sure that 
the infamous “Show roe the money!" 

“Hey, partner,” said one 
wannabe Jerry Maguire. 
‘‘We'll — I mean you’ll 

— be making milli ons.” 

O 

line has been replaced by “Help me help 
you" as the mantra of sports agents. 
Translated, it means, "I'll do whatever 
you want, as long as I get my cut.” 

The incessant calls from agents in- 
terested in representing Marcus began 
when be was a junior in college. Under 
NCAA regulations, a college player is 
allowed to speak with agents but cannot 
sign a contract without forfeiting all 
college eligibility. 

One morning, Marcus was awakened 
by the phone. On the other end was an 
annoying, but persistent, agent who had 
hounded my brother’s girlfriend, who 
lives in Minneapolis, and cajoled ber 
into giving him Marcus’s phone number 
in Laramie. Wyoming. 

Marcus was not pleased. “If you 
want to pursue me. fine. 1 can handle 
that," he said. '‘But don’t ever harass 
my friends." 

The agent did not take the him and kept 
talking. “Look." he said. “You weren't 
retiming my calls and I knew your girl- 
friend would know where you were.” 

“Man. you just aren’t getting it,” 
Marcus told him. 

“Well, at least now we get a chance 
to talk." the agent continued as if things 
were patched up between him and Mar- 
cus. As Marcus hung up. he heard the 
agent saying, “So how have you been 
doing?" 

No sooner was the receiver in place 
than the phone rang again. 

“Hey. Marcus,” said another agent, 
who barely gave my brother a chance to 
say hello before launching into his pitch. 
"So, are you still 5 feet 10 and around 
1 80 pounds?" asked the agent, who was 
clearly working with dated information. 
My brother has not fit that description 
since his freshman year in high school. 

“Next time, do your homework,” 


Marcus told him before hanging up. 

Others took a financial lack, prom- 
ising riches beyond belief. “Hey, part- 
ner/’ said one wannabe Jerry Maguire. 
"We’U — I mean you’ll — be making 
millions." 

“That’s not my goal,” said my broth- 
er, before he hung up again. 

Marcus, who was by then running late 
for class, threw open his front door and 
tripped over a Federal Express package. 
Inside was a pair of new Nike shoes, size 
1014 — just his size — and a running suit 
that fit his 6-2. 2 1 0-pound body perfectly. 
'There was even a matching duffel bag. 

Like clockwork, the phone rang for 
the fourth time that morning. 

“Did you get the package 1 sent 
you?" asked the agent. “If you don’t 
like the color, I can send you new shoes. 
I just want you to know that I can get you 
anything you need or even want. You 
are a superstar." 

Marcus returned the gifts. So began a 
long, one-sided relationship that left 
Marcus feeling like he was being 
stalked and led him to start screening his 
phone calls. 

My parents fielded numerous calls 
from pushy agents, who sometimes lied 
to get their attention. My mother, Mona 
Harris, remembers one agent who con- 
vinced a member of the Minnesota Vik- 
ings football team to call and offer free 
tickets to a game. Then the agent called, 
claiming to represent the Vikings player 
and offering to take on Marcus. My 
parents were skeptical and checked with 
the Vikings team. They said the agent 
didn't represent the player. 

In December, ray parents got a call 
from an eager agent, wondering if their 
son “Darrell" had hired an agent yet. 

“If he has, let me know and then tell 
him to call his mother and introduce 
himself." my mother said. 

My mother thinks the hardest part of 
this process has been “the people who 
see Marcus as just a meal ucket and a 
dollar sign.” 

Agents can take up to 4 percent of a 
player's contract She was so tired of all 
the phone calls and come-ons from 
agents that she wrote to die NFL Players 
Association and inquired about becom- 
ing a registered sports agent herself. Mar- 
cus was relieved when she came to her 
senses and bowed out “I dunk this might 
hurt our relationship.” she told him. 

The family was badly in need of di- 
rection. Friends introduced Marcus and 
my parents to Darren Nelson, a former 
player for the Vikings, and Robert Stein, 
former president of the Minnesota Tim- 
berwolves. who came to their aid. They 
reinforced what my family already be- 
lieved: The most important thing is be- 
ing in the draft not the money. 

Marcus and my parents considered a 
loi of top-quality sports agents. But even 
as it got down to the wire, there was a 
continued flood of empty promises from 
agents who stumbled over Marcus's 
name as if glancing at notes reminding 
them which future superstar they were 
talking to on the phone. The offers were 
alluring. At times, they nearly tempted 
my brother to cash in. 

As I was talking to Marcus on the 
phone, his roommate interrupted to tell 
him that there was someone at the door 
to see him. He laughed. “I hope it’s not 
someone literally trying to show me the 
money," he said as he hung up. 

Nicole Harris is a junior as the Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame. 














PACE 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1997 


ART BUCHWALD 


Sorry About That 


Dorris’s Suicide: Revelations Shock His Friends 


W ASHINGTON — Ev- 
eryone in this country 


YY eryone in this country 
agrees that the CIA should be 
allowed to lie to protect its 
credibility. 

The irksome question is, 
“To whom should they lie, 
and what should 
they lie about?" 

For years the 
CIA has been 
lying to the mil- 
itary and Desert 
Storm veterans 
about chemical 
weapons that 

E "" 

desert — and which the Amer- 
icans could have been ex- 
posed to. 

While veterans have been 
suffering from the effects of 
nerve gas, etc. the CIA has 
steadfastly denied the exist- 
ence of chemical weapons in 
the combar area. Most people 
would now consider this a big 
fat lie. 

The theory in Washington 
is that the CIA was protecting 
its backside because it looked 
as if the agency had missed 
the boat. Or, worse still, it was 
so incompetent that one sec- 
tion didn’t even share vital 
information with another. 


No matter. The CIA apo- 
logized for its boo-boo fast 
week and now the estimated 
20,000 ex-GIs affected by the 
gas should feel better. 

Sam Ribnick, a friend of 
mine who has been trying to 
get a hearing on the issue 
since 1992, said, “The CIA is 
an O.K. outfit. Very few 
people who screw up that 
badly would make a public 
apology. I like a secret service 
which eats humble pie." 

I said, “Maybe they apo- 
logized because they would 
be sued for malpractice and 
they’d look even worse later 
on.” 

“I like to think that they did 
it for our American boys. Their 
apology indicates that not 
everyone who worked on the 
Iraqi desk during Desert Storm 
was a rocket scientist.” 


By David Streitfeld 

Wi&hingtfrt Post Service 


W ASHINGTON — Michael 
Dorris's suicide has become 


VY Dorris’s suicide has become 
more understandable. 

Also, less understandable. 

Authorities in Minneapolis, 
where the 52-year-old novelist had 
been living, say they had been in- 
vestigating child sexual-abuse al- 
legations against him. The case ap- 
parently concerned one or more of 
the three daughters he had with his 
wife, the novelist Louise Erdrich. 
The couple, who also had three 
older adopted children, had been 


estranged for about a year. 
With Dorris’s death, the < 



“The Broken Cord” died after be- 
ing hit by a car in 1992. Another 1 
SOT. Jeffrey Sava, stood trial m 
1994 on charges of attempting to. 


extort money 


BKO.K !•;>. 


< OR* 


What’s to Be Done 
With N.Y. Landmark? 


Sew York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Loew’s 
Paradise, the ornate Bronx 
theater remembered as one of 
the palaces of the golden age 
of moviegoing, has been des- 
ignated an official New York 
City Landmark. 

The 1929 theater, with its 
Italian Baroque-style facade, 
Corinthian columns, sweep- 
ing staircase and gilded rail- 
ings, has been closed since 
January 1994 as die owners 
seek a suitable use for it 


“Do you think that anyone 
will be fired for this blun- 
der?” 1 asked 

Sam replied, “The CIA 
doesn't fire people who screw 
up. it promotes them and even 
lets them keep their cellular 
telephones.” 

“I don’t get it. Sam. They 
gave Aldrich Ames life in 
prison because be was re- 
sponsible for the deaths of 10 
agents on the CIA payroll. 
Shouldn't the agency people 
responsible for this nerve gas 
boondoggle be shot?” 

“Maybe, but a nice apo- 
logy should suffice. In the 
past being the head of the 
CIA meant never having to 
say you're sorry.” 

“But this might set a pre- 
cedent and we could be listen- 
ing to a mea culpa every 
week." 

“The happy ending to this 
story is that the GIs who may 
have been afflicted by the Iraqi 
gas explosions now sleep better 
just knowing that the spooks in 
Washington feel bad." 


With Dorris’s death, the case has 
been dropped. A police department 
lawyer said the files probably would 
be sealed Someone familiar with 
the sequence of events said charges 
had been on the verge of being filed 
when the writer suffocated himself 
with a plastic bag at a New Hamp- 
shire motel on Friday. 

Dorris's attorney, Douglas Kel- 
ley. emphasized that “being inves- 
tigated by a government agency is 
not the same as being charged and 
being charged is night and day from 
being convicted Mr. Dorris was 
never even charged with any 
wrongdoing." 

In a statement, Kelley also said Michael Dorris and Louise Erdrich at a reading of their works at a Paris bookstore in 1993. 
that “to speculate on any possible 

wrongdoing by Mr. Dorris is cruel and in- she was beautiful. Most of all, they publicly represented the couple in literary matters, 
appropriate.” But much of the literary world adored each other. “There were many people said that “on the basis of a long and close 


cats. “Guess what? I am a bully. I 
pick on tilings weaker than 1, 1 hurt' 
them, and now I try to kin them. ’ 
Sava wrote in a letter that became 
public during his trial in Denver. 

’‘As long as I have friends that work 
in the Oklahoma police department. 

1*11 always be able to find you. You 
can’t hide.” 

The jury deadlocked on Sava’s 
guilt. At a second trial, be was ac- 
quitted on one count, and the jury 
voted 11-1 to acquit him of the 
second count. “Sava had a very 
good attorney, who turned every- 
thing around on Michael and 
Louise.” said Harjo.- “They felt 
they were accused and somewhat 
convicted. And at the same' time 
they were afraid.” 

Dorris and Erdrich became very 
secretive about even the state they 
were living in. Now grown, Sava 
and his sister, Madelei n e, re- 
portedly are homeless. 

In public, Dorris discussed none 
of these stresses. At a reading in 
Washington last month, he took the 
blame tor his children’s fates, say- 
ing “I don’t think I was by any 
means the best parent my children 
could have found." 




couldn’t help but speculate. With their pop- who were Very jealous of Michael. ' 
ularity and good reviews, Dorris and Erdrich going to be an instantly popular story, which the charges as utterly 
were a star couple. breaks my heart,” said the novelist Robb After a moment’s 

She, the first to publish fiction, won a Forman Dew. Until the past year, Dew had would rather substio 
major national prize with her first novel. Her been in frequent touch with Dorris. “He has words a certain explet 
third novel was a national best-seller. always been an advocate for children. Every plete lack of belief in 


represented the couple in literary matters. To raise a child damaged by fetal alcohol 
said that “on the basis of a long and close ' syndrome “requires a very, very special 


who were Very jealous of Michael. This is relationship with Michael Dorris. I regard person, who is infinitely patient, who does 


lausible.’ 


not expect success and is willing to repeat the 


His book on the fetal brain damage that instinct I have tells me this is as unlikely as 
results when pregnant women drink alcohol anything I’ve ever heard.” 


would rather substitute for those last two 
words a certain expletive indicating his com- 
plete lack of belief in the allegations. 

Rembar said he didn’t think Erdrich, 


lection, he said he same thing s over and over and over again. 


he said. “I’m much too much a Type A 
personality, who expected them to get better 
by sheer act of wilL ’ 

About a year ago, Harjo and others said. 


brought national attention to the issue, be- Amy Tan, who had known the couple for 
came a best-seller, won awards and was nearly a decade, said, “I’m a novelist and so 
made into a television movie. A novel pub- I’m suppose to be good with words, but I find 
lished under both their names brought an myself unable to say anything. To believe it 


whom he still represents, believed the Erdrich deckled she had to create a new 

„..ui u m.. VRn. 






advance of Si. 5 million. 

They were multitalented: essays, poems. 


is to go back and question eveiything you 
know about someone who was a friend.” 


that they hadn't had any idea he was being Tbe children are 13, 12 and S. “She initially 


investigated. 


said she was going to move into a studio 

■ « w ■ *«* tt 


stories, reviews, novels poured forth. They Tan said she hoped the allegations of abuse Faulkner reading in Washington last month. 


Suzan Harjo, who saw him ai the PEN/ where she was going to write,” Harjo said. 


were pioneers, paving the way for many other were all “a terrible mistake in perception, said “He was despondent, but he never 


American Indian writers. They wens brave, that it was something quite innocent being mentioned he had contemplated taking his 


raising three adopted children who had fetal made to look perverse.” 


own life." 


alcohol syndrome. He was good-looking, and Charles Rembar, a New York lawyer who Tbe adopted son who was tbe subject of coming back.” 


“But she left all her things. She left a night- 
gown han g in g on a hook in the bedroom. 

Michael said be didn't have the heart to 
remove it. It was a symbol for him she was 



PEOPLE 


T HE 1997 PEN/Faulkner Award for 
Fiction was awarded to “Women in 


J. Fiction was awarded to “Women in 
Their Beds," by Gina BerriaulL A 
collection of 35 short stories, “Women 
in Their Beds" also won this year’s 
National Book Critics Circle award. 
Berriault will receive $15,000. The oth- 
er nominees were Daniel Akst, for “St. 
Burl's Obituary.” Kathleen Cambor, 
for “The Book of Mercy,” Ron 
Hansen, for “Atticus" and Jamaica 
Kincaid, for “The Autobiography of 
My Mother. ’ ’ The runners-up will each 
receive $5,000. 


Le Figaro said was acting for Ayoub. 
Despite its price, the Phocea is rattier a 
comedown from the 105-meter vessel 
Lady Mouna, which she used to sail on 
but which belongs to her ex-husband. 


piece,” adding that the prince, an out- 
spoken critic of architecture, had been 
closely involved with tbe project 


band, toe rock singer Filipp Kirkorov, 
who organized the tribute show. 


Stm-Jih Krjrrl* 


A Lebanese jet-setter has purchased a 
yacht formerly owned by the bankrupt 
politician and entrepreneur Bernard 
Tapie, a French newspaper reported. 
Mouna al Ayoub, farmer wife of the 
Saudi businessman Nasser Rashid, has 


bought the 74-meter (240-foot) Phocea 
for 365 million francs ($6.3 million). 


Thr AMOCiMcd Pica 

AMBASSADOR POITIER — The actor Sidney Poitier presenting his 
credentials as the Bahamas” new envoy to Tokyo to Emperor Akihito. 


for 365 million francs ($6.3 million), 
according to Le Figaro. The adminis- 
trators selling off Tapie ’s assets an- 
nounced a few days ago that the yacht 
was being sold to Tranquil Ltd., which 


British architects gave lukewarm re- 
views Wednesday to Prince Charles’s 
plans for a £1 million ($1.6 million) 
extension of his residence in western 
England- The project, drawn, up by a 
chartered surveyor, Charles Morris, is 
for a wing at Highgrove to be used for 
charily balls. Made of ocher cut stone, 
with a tile roof and a courtyard, it evokes 
a Roman villa. Graham Cooper, chair- 
man of the An and Architecture Society, 
called it a “banal and depressing design 
which has more in common with 
Wimpey homes than Roman villas.” 
Paul Finch, managing director of the 
Architect Journal, said, “It is time Prince 
Charles started looking to toe future in- 
stead of harking back to historical styles 
that have little relevance for the way we 
live and work today.” Morris said he 
was “not trying to create a museum 


Princeton University is naming its 
lm theater after an alum, Jimmy Slew- 


film theater after an alum, Jimmy Stew- 
art, and showing a retrospective of his 
work. Stewart, class of *32, already holds 
an honorary degree from Princeton. He 
served as university trustee from 1 959 to 
1963 and received toe Woodrow Wilson 
Award for outstanding public service, 
toe highest alumni honor. 


Tom Cruise won’t say exactly what 
he’s doing in Stanley Kubrick’s new 
psychological thriller, “Eyes Wide 
Shut.” out he’s not wearing a dress. 
“I’ve read a lot of stuff. No one’s gotten 
it right. They’re teaching,” Cruise told 
toe New York Daily News when asked if 
Kubrickhadhim dress in women’s cloth- 
ing. The actor and his wife, Nicole Kid- 
man, play out a variety of sexual fantas- 
ies in toe film, being filmed in England: 




ijnr mlan 




iir-jrtUI 


After a two-decade reign as Russia's 
most famous pop singer, it might seem 
time for Alla Pugachova to pass on that 
role to someone else. But not if “Al- 
lochka” herself can help it. Celebrating 
her 48to birthday with glitz worthy of 
Hollywood, Pugachova held forth at a 
nationally televised concert, basking in 
adulation from toe Kre mlin on down. 
Pugachova arrived at Olympic Stadium 
in Mosco w in a oe w stretdi lnno that was 
a birthday gift from her 29-year-old bus- 


Erotic literature isn’t what it used to 
be, says the novelist Mario Vargas 
Llosa. Pure love has been substituted 
with vulgarity, subtlety replaced by 
boorishness, toe Peruvian writer saidata 
presentation in Madrid for bis noveL 
“The Notebooks of Don Rigoberto.y 
“Freedom of action ... in our society 
has paradoxically stripped love from 
being a social taboo, which had made if 
sacred and mysterious,” be said .< 


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