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The World’s Daily Newspaper 

Paris, Monday, April 21, 1997 

No. 35.501 

In Seoul, Defector Warns of War 

By Kevin Sullivan 

Washington post Service 

SEOUL — TOe&gfce^xaafcmg defector in North Korean 
mstmy anved m Seoul on Sunday, shouting “Hooray! ” for 
tas tteMom but warning that-the North’s increasingly des- 
perate Communist leaders were dangerously close toT 
mg a second Korean War. 

by North Korean agents, Hwang Jang Yop, apparently 
wearing a bulletproof vest, and an aide who defected with 
nun raised their arms and shouted as they stepped off a 
chartered flight from the Philippines at a military air base 
near Seoul. 

Looking calm and serious, Mr. Hwang, 74, who for 
decades was North Korea’s leading ideologue and .political 

issued an emotional condemnation of his 
government in the first public appearance he has 
made since he walked' into the South Korean consulate in 
Beijing on Feb. 12 and asked for asylum. 

“It is obvious why the North Korean government aban- 
dons starving people, refuses reforms and does its utmost to 
prepare fear a war/' Mr. Hwang said. “It seems to believe its 
only choice is to use the military forces it has been preparing 
for decades.” 

Mr. Hwang said he left North Korea because there was 
“no hope left*’ for the Stalinist regime be helped to create 
and because he “could not go against (he order of my 
conscience.” _ 

He left behind a family believed to face prison camps or 
See DEFECTOR, Page 9 

V on $aL Bnop/fcuu-t. 

Mr. Hwang; ‘No hope’ in North. 

No Charges Levied 
Against Netanyahu 

But Key Ally May Be Indicted; 
Peres Demands New Elections 

Voters Gear 
For Early 
In France 

By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Service ' 

PARIS — President Jacques Chirac, 
who had long resisted calling a surprise 
■ election for late May or early June, is 
* widely expected to reverse himself and 
announce a dissolution of the French 
Parliament in a televised 
Monday night 

Throughout the four decades of the 
Fifth Republic. French presidents lave 
usually made such moves only to re- 
solve a grave political crisis. Mr. Chirac, 
silent about his intentions all weekend, 
apparently wants to try to forestall one, 
but he would be (airing considerable risk 
if he goes ahead. 

“If the political powers-thal-be had 
any confidence in their political situ- 
ation, they would wait a year,” said 
Lionel Jospin, a Socialist who could 
become prime minister if the opposition 
won, in a speech Sunday nighc * It looks 
likely that there will be a dissolution.” 

Parli amentar y elections would not 
nramally di neld until next spring, and 
with Mr. Chirac’s prime minister. Alain 
Juppe, supported by a huge conserva- 
tive majority of 477 out of the 577 seats 
in the National Assembly, there was no 
obvious necessity for an election now. 

A decision by Mr. Chirac to go for a 
new election, despite odds that the ma- 
jority would lose scores of seats even in 
the best foreseeable outcome, would be 
i>Ie on several levels, 
le is safe in the presidency nntil his 
'term expires in 2002, but like Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl of Germany, be has 
staked his reputation on a common 
European currency to rival the dollar on 
world financial markets and drag 
France, Germany, and the restof Europe 
out of the doldrums of double-digit un- 

But getting there, under the defidt- 
rednetion rules Bonn has insisted on, 
will take huge cuts in government 
spending and the generous health care, 
retirement and other entitlements that 
both the French and the Germans have 
enjoyed since the end of World War IL 

In France, Mr. Chirac and Mr. Juppe 
started trying to cut back at the end of 
1995, bringing on a national public . 
transportation strike that paralyzkl the 
French economy until the gove rnmen t 
backed away from cuts in early retire- 
ment benefits for railroad workers. 

. Control over pension and healthcare 
exp endit ures were necessary, both men 
explained then, to bring the government 
deficit down to the levd necessary to get 
France into the common European cur- 
rency — 3 percent of the gross national 
product by the end of this year. 

But with the French deficit still run- 
ning at about 4 p erce n t at the end of last 
year, according to European Union es- 
timates, it will take more government 
austerity and spending cuts to get it 
down by the deadline. 

Both the president and the prixre min-' 
istcr have been deeply unpopular since 
the cutbacks and spendi ng freeze s began, 
their appeal eroded by currents of deep 
unhap piness with life in die modem glob- 

in France for most of this past winter. 

Hospital interns, for instance, have 
just finished a five-week strike again st 
plans for government heal th insurance 
caps on doctors’ prescriptions. 

Pilots and ground crews have been 
st rikin g against merger plans and pay 
cuts at Air France Europe, which is 

See FRANCE, Page 9 

For Leadership, India Turns to a Diplomat 

P RmndnnfApiice Fm-Rnac 

InderGujral, a former foreign minister, receiving congratulations Sunday In New Delhi after be was picked 
as prime minister. President Shankar Dayal Shanna nominated him, ending a three-week crisis. Page 4. 

Iran Girds in Gulf as U.S. Treads Water 

By Elaif^Sciolino 

New Tort Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — At a time when 
Iran is building up its military presence 
in the Gulf and again stands accused of 
sponsoring t errori sm, the United States 
is sttngghng to develop a strategy far 
tiie region. 

Such a Strategy is particularly crucial 
after a rating in a German court that 
implicated the human leadership in the 
assassination of opponents. There , has 
also been fragmentary evidence linking 

Iran to a major stgjpset*in_,tbe. bomb . 
attack in Saudi Arabia last June that 
killed 19 Americans. 

Some military planners, U.S. diplo- 
mats in the region and experts outside 
government are increasingly concerned 
that as Saudi Arabia and Turkey, the 
United States' closest friends in the re- 
gion, have become more politically vul- 
nerable and potentially less reliable, the 
Clinton administration has not come up 
with long-term Gulf policy. 

Recently, in a sign of the admin- 
istration's uncertainty, the Stale Depart- 

ment decided not to issue an -unclas- 
sified "white paper" on Iran’s use of 
terrorism because it might unnecessar- 
ily antagonize European allies who have 
tried to change Tehran's behavior 
through engagement rather than isola- 
tion, senior administration officials 

In a blunt critique of the Clinton 
administration in the latest issue of For- 
eign Affairs, Zbigniew Brzezinski and 
Brent Scowcroft, two former rational 

See IRAN, Page 9 

C-rrtf^rd hr Our SatfTnra Dhpek hn 

JERUSALEM — Israeli prosecutors 
announced Sunday their decision not to 
charge Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu in a corruption scandal, saying 
police recommendations to indict him 
were based on insufficient evidence. 

But the government's future hung in 
the balance, as Mr. Netanyahu wailed to 
see how coalition partners would react 
to the affair, including a recommen- 
dation to indict a key political ally. 
Ary eh Deri. 

Responding to the prosecutors, Mr. 
Netanyahu admitted mistakes and 
vowed to dean up the process of wheel- 
ing and dealing that has surrounded 
appointments of senior officials. 

* ‘The bottom line is this: I committed 
no crime, and the attorney general con- 
firmed this,” Mr. Netanyahu said in a 
televised address to the nation. 

“It's clear to me today that we must 
improve the process of choosing senior 
officials,” he said. “But there is a big 
difference between a mistake and a 

“I will learn the lessons and im- 
plement them,” he added. 

Lashing out at the media and the 
opposition, he said: “There are people 
who do not tike me, who do not like me 
in particular. And they want to erode my 
legitimacy as the prime minister.” 

He added: “But at base the attacks 
against me come from one central 
motive: an attempt to overthrow the 
government because of our opponents’ 
fundamental disagreement with our 

“They refuse to accept the fact that 
the people voted for us and not for them. 
They refuse to accept the fact that we are 
building on Har Homa, they refuse to 
accept our efforts to protect the unity of 
Jerusalem, they refuse to accept our 
vigorous opposition to a Palestinian 
state. They refuse to accept that we are 
guarding the Golan and not coming 
down from it," Mr. Netanyahu said. 

Shimon Petes, leader of the oppo- 
sition Labor Party, called for Mr. Net- 
anyahu's resignation. 

“There’s not enough evidence to put 
the prime minister on trial, but there is 
enough evidence to place the prime 
minister again before the judgment of 
the people," Mr. Peres said. 

Defeated by Mr. Netanyahu in an 
election last May. Mr. Peres added: * ‘In 
my view for the sake of the country, for 
the sake of the law. for the sake of the 
respect of the country's sons and cit- 
izens, the prime minister must stand up. 

What Will $118 Million 
Buy You in Hong Kong? 

2 Swell Houses in the World’s Priciest Market 

By Edward A. Gargan 

New Yori Times Service 

HONG KONG — If you like Car- 
rara marble, moon-sized chandeliers, 
staircases fit for Olivia de Havilland, 
bathtubs that could float the Nurtitz, a 
couple of real tiger-skin rags and 
moots you’d need a 6-iron to drive 
across, there’s a house in Hong Kong 
you would love. 

Its name? Genesis. And you could 
have had it last month if you had just 
written a check for $70 million. 

If that had been a bit of a strain, you 
might have wanted to take a peek at a 
fixer-upper that is just a quick purr of 
foe Rolls down the road. Far only 
$48.7 milli on, you could have picked 
up a Chinese baroque tile-roofed and 
turreted home with an outdoor kidney- 
shaped pool, a dining table that seats 19 
people, 10 bathrooms and a Hilton’s 
worm of bedrooms. 

The house, christened Sky high by a 
previous owner, also commands the 
rally 360-degree view of Hong Kong 
from Victoria Peak, the crest of Hong 
Kong Island. 

But even in a {dace where $10,000- 
a-manth apartments are sometimes re- 
garded as Bargains, and where people 
gladly fork over $17,500 for small 
boxes of delicate saliva-thread swal- 
lows’ nests used in fancy soups, foe 

two houses that sold for a total of 
$118.7 million left jaws hanging. 

Even more startling, both houses 
were snared by a man few had beard of : 
Wong Yuk Kwan, managing director 
of an upstart pr o p erty company called 
Pearl Oriental. 

“Hong Kong is a very strange city,” 
mused Mr. Wong, a stem of a man who 
abruptly leans forward when he talks, as 
if there's no deal he can’t make. “Hong 
Kong property," he said with 
imderstareraent, “is completely 
ent from the United States or Europe.” 

Indeed. Nowhere else css earth is 
bousing so expensive. Japan used to be 

See HOUSES, Page 6 

Mood LMMgem Fnacr^reae 

HISTORIC VISIT — The Sheng Da, a Chinese container ship, docked 
at the Taiwan port of Kaohsiong, the first time a mainland vessel has 
called on the island since the civil war. On Sunday, a second freighter 
arrived and, following shipping practice, flew the Taiwan flag. Page II. 

First Chinese Troops Set to Arrive in Colony 


HONG KONG — A page of history 
is set to turn when Chinese troops enter 
Hong Kong on Monday to prepare for 
the arrival of the People’s Liberation 
Army after Britain marches out of the 
territory in July. 

The 40-member advance party, led 
by Major General Zhou Borong, will 
arrive m the colony on Queen Eliza- 
beth’s birthday. They will drive into 

Hong Kong from China's Shenzhen 


ran in lull uniform but unarmed, 
advance guard will be the first 
Chinese troops ever to be stationed on 
Hong Kong island. Up to 10,000 
Chinese Army troops will form the 
Hong Kong garrison after Britain re- 
turns its last Asian colony to Com- 
munist-ruled China at midnight on 
June 30. 

A total of 200 advance troops are 

expected to arrive before the handover. 
By that day. Britain will have phased 
out its garrison forces, which once 
numbered 10,000 in the territory. 

The last of the famed "Black 
Watch* 1 Highlanders regiment will de- 
part just after the midnight flag 

* ‘Inis is an historic event,” Edward 
See HONG KONG, Page 6 

resign and go. The public must hold new 

In announcing the decision, Anomey 
General Elyakim Rubinstein said: 
“After weighing the evidence we have 
concluded that we don't have sufficient 
proof to charge the prime minister.” 

He said Mr. Deri, of the ultra-Or- 
thodox Shas party, could eventually be 
charged with fraud, breach of trust, ex- 
tortion and obstruction of justice in con- 
nection with the short-lived appoint- 
ment in January of Roai Bar-On, an 
activist in Mr. Netanyahu's Likud party, 
as attorney general. 

Israel's Channel One television had 
said that Mr. Deri promised that in return 
for Mr. Bar-On *s appointment, his party 
would support Mr. Netanyahu’s deal 
with the Palestinians to pull Israeli troops 
from the West Bank town of Hebron. 

Prosecutors decided to close the file 
on Mr. Netanyahu, Mr. Bar-On and 
Justice Minister Tzahi Hanegbi. Mr. 
Rubinstein said Mr. Deri would have a 
chance to challenge the charges in a 
hearing with prosecutors. 

The investigation would continue 
against Mr. Netanyahu's chief of staff, 
Avigdor Lieberman. and a Likud boost- 
er, David AppeL 

The television report had alleged that 
Mr. Deri, already embroiled in a cor- 
ruption trial, coerred the Likud-led gov- 
ernment to appoint Mr. Bar-On, who 
would then offer him a plea bargain. Mr. 
Bar-On quit 12 hours after taking office 
amid an outcry that he was unqualified. 

Labor Party officials said that Mr. 
Netanyahu would find it difficult to rule 
with conviction in the wake of foe crit- 
icism of his conduct. 

“Every honest person must ask him- 
self if he accepts the moral authority of a 
man who is noton trial rally because" of 
insufficient evidence, said Ehud Barak, 
the leading candidate to be the next 
Labor Party leader. 

“I fear foe prime minister will find it 
very difficult to function.” 

Yossi Sand, head of the liberal 
Meretz Party, said he would appeal to 
the Supreme Court to overturn the pros- 
ecutors' decision and force Mr. Net- 
anyahu's indictment. 

Mr. Netanyahu could still face a re- 
bellion from cabinet ministers who 
could topple his coalition government if 
the findings raised serious questions 
about his integrity. The scandal has cast 
a shadow over Middle East peacemak- 
ing, already in crisis because of a start 
on a settlement in Arab East Jerus- 
alem. (Reuters, AP) 


Win in Bulgaria 

Bulgaria’s anti-Communist co- 
alition has won a decisive victory in 
the country's parliamentary elec- 

The electoral commission said 
that the Union of Democratic 
Forces of President Fetar Stoyanov 
and its coalition allies had won 52 
percent of the votes cast, which 
would give them 136 or 1 37 seats in 
the 240-member Parliament. This 
means they could rale without al- 
lies who might be restive about foe 
stiff terms set by international lend- 
ing institutions for bailing out Bul- 

The ruling Socialists were driven 
from office in February by month- 
long demonstrations that forced foe 
appointment of a caretaker gov- 
ernment They are projected to 
have won 57 seats in the weekend 
elections, a sharp decline. Page 5. 


Piracy on the South China Sea 

EUROPE P» 9*5. 

Spain Sends a Polluter to Jail 

Books Page 7. 

Crossword Page 7. 

Opinion Page 8. 

Sports Pages 18-20. 

International Classified Page 4. 

ThelHT on-line 


3CCO —iflDft 

moo Bate 

non 1250 FF 

Arabia -10.00 FI 
egai — —1. ICO CPA 

tn 22S PTAS 

ista 1-250 Din 

,E mOODilh 

ML (Eur.)—$I2D 

Church Lets More Catholics Pretend They Never Tied the Knot 

By Laurie Goodstein 

Washington Post Service 

■ WASHINGTON — r The marriage 
tribunal was in session in die Carbone 
Diocese of Arlington. Virginia. Three 

priests sat at a. latge table, on which they 
placed a tape xecozdar. One took notes. A 
30-year-old divorced social worker seek- 
ing an annulment sat before them, an- 
swering questions about her former mar- 
riage, her parents’ mHrriage,ber siblings' 
marriages, her childhood, her dating his- 

tory, her sexual habits, her work habits, 
her drinking habits, and why her “un- 
ion” had not produced any children. 

“I fell like I was under an inquis- 
ition,” the woman said last week, re- 
questing anonymity because she is 
awaiting a decision from foe priests. 
“After leaving that interview I almost 
said, forget it It was just really a creepy 
feeling. It felt invasive. I thought, who 
were these people to be judging me?” 

More and. more Roman Carbolics are 
daring to ask aloud these days whether 

the annulment process is honest, fair or 
even necessary. Annulment is a ruling 
by a church tribunal that a couple’s 
marriage was never actually valid under 
church law, raising emotional concerns 
for some about their family's integrity. 

For every loyal Catholic who finds 
the process healing and helpful, there 
seems to be another who finds it painful 
and patronizing. Nine out of 10 di- 
vorcing Catholics simply ignore the 
process, even though those who remarry 
outside the church are not permitted to 

go to confession or receive Holy Com- 

Catholic annulment has been thrown 
into the spotlight by the former wives of 
two Democratic lawmakers from Mas- 
sachusetts, Representative Joseph 
Kennedy Q and Senator John Kerry. 
Both women have challenged the an- 
nulment efforts of their prominent 
former husbands. 

These high-profile appeals have 
opened a window an what is a mostly 
modem, largely American and often 

misunderstood phenomenon in the Cath- 
olic Church. Before 1910. perhaps 100 
annulme nt cases had been considered 
anywhere in foe world. Catholic scholars 
say. In 1968, 450 were granted, and 
rumor spread that they were reserved for 
the well-known and well-heeled. 

Now annulments are an increasingly 
accepted part of Catholic life in this 
country, for both foe wealthy and the 
working class. In foe United States. 

See MARRIAGE, Page 9 

my- - : ■ - 


I! ;^£* 

Scourge of South China Sea / New Breed ef Predators 

Pirates Find Haven in Small Chinese Port 

By Seth Faison 

New York Tunes Service 

B EIHAI, China — When a hand of 30 
armed pirates attacked a cargo ship in the 
South China Sea late one night in Septem- 
ber 1995, they pistol-whipped and 
shackled the 23 crewmen before dumping them 
overboard near the south coast of Vietnam. 

Rather than taking the ship to their native In- 
donesia, to nearby Vietnam or even to one of the 
deserted islands chat dot the area in between, the 
pirates steered the ship and its $5 million sugar 
cargo several hundred miles north to this sleepy- 
Iooking fishing port, in China. 

Before the booty could be unloaded and sold to a 
prearranged Chinese buyer, however, international 
maritime officials discovered the ship. They de- 
manded that Chinese authorities prosecute the 14 
pirates still on board and return the cargo and ship to 
their owners. 

In their subsequent investigation it became clear 
to the maritime officials that the pirates chose 
Beihai for its pliable local government and its 
thriving market. 

Now, nearly 20 months later, Chinese public 
security officials still refuse to release the cargo or 
the ship, a 450-foot ( 1 37-meter) freighter called the 
Anna Sierra. Worse, maritime officials say, the 
Chinese freed the 14 pirates late last year without 
filing charges. 

Unlike the sword-brandishing, eye-patch- wear- 
ing pirates of seafaring lore, today's pirates typ- 
ically use speedboats and handguns to ambush and 
then board small and medium-size ships, since big 
tankers are hard to overtake. 

With the number of incidents of piracy rising, 
maritime officials say. the South China Sea is 
becoming as lawless as it was when Vietnamese 
“boat people" were preyed upon 20 years ago. 

A critical new element in Asian piracy is that to 
sell their stolen cargo, pirates are now choosing to 
go to small ports in southern China, where the 
complicity of local officials and the eagerness of 
traders offer safe haven. Not long ago China was the 
last place a pirate would go; now it is often the 

“The pirates know that if they come into a 
Chinese port, they can get cooperation." said Pot- 
tengal Mukundan, director of the International 
Maritime Bureau, an aim of the London-based 
International Chamber of Commerce. 

“What shocks me about this case is that it's 
extremely rare to catch the pirates on board. And yet 
die Chinese would do nothing, and let them go. ' 

C HINA’S LEADERS often stress their de- 
termination to become active participants 
in the world community. If they are learn- 
ing to cooperate on some issues like trade 
and nuclear nonproliferation, law enforcement is 
where they fail most miserably. 

Chiming in with maritime officials like Mr. 
Mukundan. U.S. and other law-enforcement of- 
ficials routinely express frustration that their 
Chinese counterparts are so inflexible and secretive 
about drug and other cross-border crimes that ef- 
forts to cooperate rarely achieve anything, with a 
few minor exceptions in immigrant-smuggling 

“We send faxes, we call on the phone, and it's 
always 'We’re not too clear,’ ’’ said an American 
official who asked Chinese authorities for help on a 
high-volume heroin-smuggling case last year. 

“I assume it’s because they don’t want anyone in 
to see die corruption going on. But the truth is, we 
simply don't know." 

It is hard to measure piracy accurately, because 
many incidents go unreported, as they did 100 years 
ago. Yet the International Maritime Bureau re- 
corded 224 incidents of piracy worldwide in 1996, 
up from 170 in 1995, the majority in or near the 
South China Sea. 

Mr. Mukundan said more pirated ships seem to be 
docking in Chinese ports, though he did not know 
exactly how many. 

In Beihai ’s port, where old wooden fishing ves- 
sels unload their catch on the backs of laborers at a 
muddy shore, the occasional arrival of pirated ships 
is common knowledge. 

Beihai and other small ports in southern China have 
become refuges for pirates, t cho benefit from the 
complicity of local officials and the eagerness of traders. 
With the number of incidents of piracy rising , the South 
China Sea is becoming as lawless as it was when 
Vietnamese u boat people * were preyed upon 20 years ago \ 

At a run-down boatyard a few miles down the 
coast, two workmen repainting old vessels said 
pirated ships had been brought there for paint jobs in 
the past, once their cargoes were unloaded and 

As for the three vessels there now, being re- 
painted in garish colors that covered the original 
names on bow and stem, the workmen said they did 
not know where the ships had come from, whether 
they were pirated or where they were headed next. 

Not far worn the boatyard, out of public view, the 
Anna Sierra remains beached. The ship's Cypriot 
owner gave up trying to recover it after sending a 
ship captain who waited in Beihai nine months for a 
briefing from Chinese officials, and never got it. 

The owner of the cargo. Metals & Minerals 
Trading Co. of New Delhi, is still pressing its case. 
But international investigators are perplexed at the 
stock response from local officials that an inves- 
tigation is still under way. 

“They already let all the pirates go. so what are 
they investigating?" asked Captain Jayant Abby- 
ankar, a maritime bureau investigator who located 
the ship in Beihai shortly after it arrived. “I don't 
think they are investigating, because they surely 
would have asked for our help. We have a lot of 
information about the pirates." 

Beihai public security and 
port officials have denied 
wrongdoing, but declined to 
discuss the case, saying it be- 
came diplomatically sensi- 
V tive when the Indian and In- 
_ donesian governments each 
* made representations, one for 
the cargo owner, the other for 
the pirates who were in cus- 

A public security officer, 
while acknowledging that 
there was much opportunity 
for corruption in Beihai, ar- 
gued rhat q pmal cash payoffs 
were rare. 

4 * Many drug smugglers try 
to entice our officers to co- 
operate with them," said Shu 
Yifeng, an officer in the 
port’s border guard- "But 
very few officers ever do, be- 
cause it goes against the in- 
terests of our nation. Plus, if 
you get caught, you’ll be ex- 

Several residents said, 
however, that even for a city 
along China’s southern coast, 
where officials were known 
for ignoring directives from 
above, Beihai was plagued 
by rampant corruption. 

UST LAST month, the 
public security chief 
was replaced by a new 
man, Li Shangjun, who 
publicly pledged to “recti- 
fy" the local police force. 

One of several measures 
be announced was a new rule 
that police officers wear uni- 
forms while on duty, a small 
indication of how lax they 
had become. 

“There is a new coordin- 
ation in the Beihai Public Se- 
curity Bureau, not seen in 
years,” announced The 
Coastal Times, a local news- 
paper. “Policemen now wear 
uniforms during work hours. 
Residents can feel more se- 
cure about the public security 
situation.’ ' 

Changes or not. Captain 
Abhyankar said that the 
cargo owners were now be- 
ing told by Beihai public se- 
curity officials mat they 
would eventually need a cash 
payment of $350,000 to cover the cost of docking 
the Anna Siena. 

In 1994. alarmed that a number of attacks on 
ships in the South China Sea were actually made by 
Chinese naval or customs officials, the bead of the 
UN International Maritime Organization traveled to 
Beijing to express his concern. 

Chinese officials conceded to the UN repre- 
sentative, Admiral Thimos Mitropoulos, that rogue 
naval and customs officers in southern China were 
responsible for some incidents, explaining that a 
new policy encouraged naval and customs officers 
to pursue smugglers aggressively by allowing them 
to keep a portion of confiscated goods. 

When it became clear that coast guard officers 
were actually veering well into international waters 
to look for “smugglers,” Beijing reined them in, 
and the number of such attacks declined. 

But the pirates' use of ports like Beihai may be 
harder to control. 

“As long as pirates know they can find a safe 
haven, they will be a menace to all shippers," said 
Eric Ellen, executive director of the International 
Chamber of Commerce’s Commercial Crime Ser- 
vices in London. 

4 ‘China has to play its role, but so far it isn’t doing 

Soli Fshto/TIk Yorii Ti*» 

In Zaire, a Test of Wills 
To Decide Nation’s Fate 

By Lynne Duke 

Washington Post Service 

KINSHASA, Zaire — Laurent Kab- 
ila’s arrival in Kinshasa is seen by many 
here as a foregone conclusion. His rebel 
forces have seized half of Zaire’s vast 
territory in only six months, including 
its mineral-rich region. They have 
routed the army of President Mobutu 
Sese Seko ai every engagement 

The rebels' goal — Marshal 
Mobutu’s ouster — is popular among 
many Z3irians who have grown weary 


of the president's unfulfilled promises 
and of the 32 years be has spent leading 
Zaire into punishing poverty. 

Mr. Kabila holds all these strategic 
cards, but in foe battle for Zaire, Mar- 
shal Mobutu still stands in his way. In 
the face of humiliating defeats, battered 
prestige and the shrinking size of his 
Central African domain. Marshal 
Mobutu hangs onto power here. “In 
such situations, an African would rather 
die than have people say he ran away," 
said Bemba Saolona, a businessman and 
Mobutu associate. 

As for Mr. Kabila, his credibility is at 
stake as welL Having demanded Mar- 
shal Mobutu’s ouster and fought bis 
way through the country to get it, Mr. 
Kabila is held hostage by his aim and 
would lose face if he changed tack, said 
a political analyst, Fraocesca Bom- 

Mr. Kabila and Marshal Mobutu are 
locked* in an epic test of wills whose 
outcome will determine die fate of 
Africa’s third-iargest nation. Hanging 
in the balance is whether Zaire’s 45 
milli on people will finally get stability 
and an electoral voice in who their lead- 
er will be. or whether they face more 
years of chaos after die civil war. 

With rebel forces still hundreds of 
miles away, the Kabila-Mobutu im- 
passe preoccupies life here as die capital 
faces the instability of Marshal 
Mobutu's continuing rule and the fear of 
what will happen if Mr. Kabila pushes to 

the capital as he threatens. 

Despite Mr. Kabila’s strategic upper 
hand, the crisis shows no sign of abat- 
ing. Seemingly positive developments 
on the peace front buoyed hopes this 
week that a face-to-face meeting be- 
tween the two men could bring a solu- 
tion. But even as each man agreed in 
principle to participate in foe talks pro- 
posed by President Nelson Mandela of 
South Africa, they are miles apart in the 
agendas they say they are trying to 

Marshal Mobutu wants to discuss a 
transitional arrangement foal would cul- 
minate in Zaire’s long-promised elec- 
tions. Mobutu Nzanga, the president’s 
son. said Saturday that his father wanted 
to preside over that transition. Mr. Kab- 
ila, however, said he would meet his 
counterpart only for Marshal Mobutu to 
transfer power — not to negotiate a 

Mr. Kabila reiterated Saturday his 
pledge to march on Kinshasa, foe cap- 
ital. Marshal Mobutu hopes that will not 
happen, his son said, but “if they come, 
there will be a fight” 

Surprisingly, the political, economic 
and military chaos has not sparked a 
violent explosion in the capital city. The 
army, which some had feared would 
mutiny and rampage because of Mar- 
shal Mobutu’s weakened power, has 
largely kepr cool. Opposition demon- 
strations took place last week without 
incident Although people fear trouble, 
stockpile food and plot their safety in 

case violence breaks out, they continue 
the business of daily life. „ _ 

In part, this is because toe affiurs l of 
the state have been far removed from the 
lives of most Zairians for many years. 
State institutions and the budge^ sup- 
port them have largely colliwefo and 
foe state’s ability to regulate hfets 

almost nonexistent Civil servanK^e 

virtually collapsed, and electricity m 
fois energy-rich nation comes and goes 

ta He ne ^M S KnbiIn-Mobun, 
power struggle unfold as if it 1 were a 
distant soap opera, “We talk about 
chang in g the head of state, but we have 
no state/’ said Francesca Bom boko, foe 
political analyst . , 

Adding to this mix is the bombard- 
ment of foe capital with rumors and 
spec ulatio n that are part of each side s 
campaign to win over the populace. 

Mr. Kabila’s claim is that his forces 
will march on Kinshasa in just a few 
weeks to complete Zaire’s liberation. 

He finds fertile ground for his cause 
among the droves of Kinshasans who 
want Marshal Mobutu gone. Surveys 

show foat Mr. Kabila is extremely pop- . 

ular here. . . A 

But they also reveal that Mr. Kabila is 
not a majority’s electoral choice. That 
distinction is held by longtime oppo- 
sition leader, Etienne Tshisekedi, who 
recently was nominated for prime min- 
ister only to be ousted and placed under 
house arrest one week later. He has been 
temp orarily sidelined by the Mobutu- 
Kamla fight, but his supporters have 
proved memselves a force to be 
reckoned with by either side. 

Marshal Mobutu’s camp claims that 
Mr. Kabila is not democratic and will 
attemp t to impose his will on Zaire 
rather than allow it to hold elections. It is 
an ironic claim coming from Marshal 
Mobutu, who is widely believed to have a 
been 8 primary force behind foe stalling v 1 
of Zair e’s seven-year transition to de- 

Although Mr. Kabila has said for 
several months that Zaire should hold 
elections, he has also said that his group 
would dominate any pre-election tran- 
sitional arran g ements. Paul Kabongo, 
Mr. Kabila’s chief of security, said last 
month that foe Zairian people were too 
politically uneducated to make an in- 
formed electoral choice. 

U.S. to Evacuate 
Its Dependents 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The State De- 
partment has ordered all dependents of 
U.S. Embassy personnel to leave Zaire 
because of the 4 ‘uncertain political and 
security situation and foe potential for 
unrest throughout foe country.” 

In a statement, foe department also 
urged U.S. private citizens in Zaire to 
leave quickly as welL 

A State Department spokeswoman. 
Stephanie Eicoer, said thai the Amer- 
ican dependents would be flown out of 
Kinshasa on commercial airliner?^ . - 
Monday and foat private citizens would * 
be expected to arrange their own trans- 

"We hope this will reduce foe em- 
bassy presence in Kinshasa," Ms. Eicher 
said, noting that foe order followed an 
earlier advisory by the department that 
warned U.S. citizens agamst travel in 
Zaire, where rebels now control the east- 
ern part of foe country and sporadic un- 
rest has spread to Kinshasa, foe caphaL 



Unions Vow to Continue 
Strike at French Airlines 

PARIS (AFP) — Unions representing work- 
ers for TAT and Air Liberte, foe French-based 
British Airways subsidiaries, said Sunday their 
1 2-day strike would continue and accused 
management of extending the conflict. 

"The strike will go for four weeks if it has 
to," said the joint union spokesman, Jean 

Negotiations between unions and the air- 
lines over wages and working conditions in foe 
planned merger of the companies began Sat- 
urday night and will resume Monday. Airline 
officialssaid 65 percent of domestic flights over 
the weekend had taken off but warned that 
some flights could be canceled next week. 

Image Change in Greece 

ATHENS (AP) — As Greece’s status as a 
tourist destination comes under pressure, the 
government is striving for a change of attitude 
— or at least a friendlier facade. 

A publicity campaign on the eve of the 
main tourist season shows Greeks grinning 
from billboards. The message is that a smile is 
‘‘good for your health and our economy." 

Many indicators suggest the number of 
foreign visitors to Greece is declining. 
European Union fiscal rules have ended 
Greece’s days as a bargain for foreigners and 

there are complaints about price gouging and 
strikes that have stranded travelers. 

Americans on the Move 

NEW YORK (Reuters) — A booming U.S. 
economy and strong consumer confidence 
have helped fuel an explosion of wanderlust 
among Americans, according to tourism in- 
dustry officials. 

They predict record numbers of Americans 
will visit Europe and Japan this year. About 
9.5 million Americans are expected to visit 
Europe in 1997. up from an estimated 9 
million Iasi year. About 646,000 Americans 
are expected to visit Japan this year, an in- 
crease of 10 percent from 1996. 

This Week’s Holidays 


Banking and government offices will be 
closed or services curtailed in foe following 
countries and their dependencies this week 
because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Brazil, Jordan. Kuwait. Puerto Rico. 
Saudi Arabia, Turkey. 

TUESDAY: Israel. Jordan. Kuwait. Saudi Arabia, Sri 

WEDNESDAY: Belarus, Turkey. 

THURSDAY: Armenia, Iceland, Niger. 

FRIDAY: Australia. Bulgaria. Cypres. Denmark, 
Egyjx. Ethiopia. Greece, Italy. Lebanon. Macau. New Zea- 
land. Portugal, Swaziland. 

SATURDAY : Afghani Tanz2mi 

Sources: JP. Morgan. Reuters. Bloomberg. 












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New Navy Ship Recalls the Terrible Tale of the Fighting Sullivans 

By Robert D. McFaddejT” 1 

New ypr* Times'Senice 

. NEW YORK On Nov. 1 3.1942. tbe Amer- 

- iwn light cruiser Juneau, limping away from one 

- of fiercest naval battles of World War H was 

Jut by a Japanese torpedo- off Guadalcanal in the 
Solomon Idands and went down with most of its 
crew of 700. But about 100 men, most of them 

. badl y wounded, some missing limbs, helped one 
another into three life rafts, hoping for rescue by 
; other ships in the convoy. 

The convnv rninmnulw hnnu>«. l u : 

„ survivors were unlikely and that other ships 
' were imperiled by Japanese submarines, ordered 
an evacuation. For a week the seamen drifted and 
r died: victims of exposure, thirst, delirium and 
savage shark attacks. Some reached a small 
•island, but when help finally came, there were 
only 10 men alive. ■ 

^ It was one of the great naval tragedies of the 
Pacific Theater, and tbe decision not to return for 
survivors became one of the most debated of the 

war, spawning numerous articles, citations in 
naval histories and a 1994 book by Dan Kur- 
zman. "Left to Die: The Tragedy of the USS 

Among the victims were five Sullivan broth- 
ers — George, Francis, Joseph, Madison and 
Albeit — from Iowa who enlisted together after 
Pearl Harbor and won permission to serve on the 
same drip, despite a U.S. Navy policy against 
assigning brothers together. Four died m the 
sinking and the fifth was killed by sharks. 

On Saturday, in a moving tribute to the broth- 

viuvi w* uib rf iMi iw a i i , a uwn 

destroyer was commissioned 4 ‘The Sullivans 
at a naval station on Staten Island, and two of the 
10 men who survived the sinking of the Juneau 
were on hand to remember their comrades and 
recall their ordeaL 

"My emotions are overflowing," said the 78- 
year-old retired Lieutenant Commander Lester 
Zook, of Eugene, Oregon, who was a 23-year- 
old seaman when the Juneau sank. "It's a tre- 
mendous feeling being here today. It revives 

some unpleasant memories, but also some pleas- 
ant ones." 

- Joining the crowd of 6,700 on Stapleton Pier 
were Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Demo- 
crat of New York; Commander Gerard Ron- 
colato, the skipper of The Sullivans, which is to 
be based in Mayport, Florida, near Jacksonville; 
and Kelly Ann Sullivan Loughren, a grand- 
daughter of Albert Sullivan, die youngest of the 
brothers, who were the focus of the 1944 film 
"The Fi ghtin g Sullivans." 

"It is a fitting circumstance that the destroyer. 

am u muag M/uuui^aJVUCU ilUC III 

New York Harbor," Mr. Moynihan said, "for it 
is here that those five brothers from Waterloo, 
Iowa, went aboard the cruiser Juneau as it was 
commissioned at die Brooklyn Navy Yard and 
sent on its long and fateful voyage." 

The light cruiser that bore die name of 
Alaska’s capital city was launched in 1941 . After 
operating in the North Atlantic and Caribbean, it 
joined the Pacific fleet in August 1942 and was 
assigned over the next few months to task forces 

operating with die aircraft carriers Wasp. Hornet 
and Enterprise, 

After Us guns brought down dozens of Ja- 

J ianese aircraft and helped sink several ships, 
uneau took up a station on Nov. 12, 1 942, as parr 

of a protective screen around troop transports 
and cargo vessels unloading at the American 
landing beaches on Guadalcanal. It helped re- 
pulse 30 enemy torpedo bombers and was cred- 
ited with six kills. 

The next day a Japanese force of 20 ships 
attacked the Americans. Juneau helped sink a 
destroyer, but as the two forces slugged it out at 
close range, it was struck on the port side by a 
torpedo. Juneau was forced to withdraw. 

Shortly after 1 1 A.M., a Japanese submarine. 
1-26, fired three torpedoes ai the Juneau. The 
cruiser avoided two of them but was struck by the 
third on the port side amidships. It broke in two. 
witnesses said, and went down in 20 seconds. 
But as many as 100 members of its crew were 
hurled into the water and managed to inflate 
three life rafts. 

Walter Sullivan, the former science writer for 
Tbe New York Times, who was not related to the 
Sullivan brothers, was the communications of- 
ficer on die destroyer Fletcher nearby. 

He wrore of the affair: "When the smoke 
lifted from the sea. there was nothing to be seen 
where the Juneau had been except an oil slick. 
We wanted to go back and look for survivors, but 
the task force commander decided that, with 
submarines in the area hoping for a chance to 
toipedo others, we should all press onward." 

Over the nexL seven days, Mr. Zook readied. 


of them from wounds suffered in the sinking, 
others from shark attacks. 

He remembered thai George Sullivan, the 
oldest of the brothers, had swum from raft to raft 
in search of his kinsmen, and was killed by a 

Eventually five seamen in one raft reached a 
small island and were picked up by an am- 
phibious plane. Five others were rescued from 
another raft. 

FDR Monument Awakens 
New Dealers’ Memories 

By Francis X. Clines 

New Tark Timet Service 

WASHINGTON — - Mary Bain, the 
last of the original New Dealers still in 

* government, sparkled with amusement 
at the very idea of her president, Frank- 

' lin Delano Roosevelt, ever resorting to 
’ the focus-groUp testing devices of mod- 
em politicians before approaching the 

# nation with a fresh idea. 

- "No, heavens no,” she gently 

laughed. 1 ‘No: he led us. We didn’t lead 

1 With that the 85-year-old chief of 
staff for Representative Sidney Yates, 
; Democrat of Illinois, rested her case for 
why the Roosevelt administration might 
^ - merit some of the attention it is about to 
' get with the opening May 2 of the seven- 
acre (2.8-hectare) FDR Memorial here. 
The S52 million monument' will put the 
32d president in the rarefied company of 
’ Washington, Lincoln and Jefferson. 

"I don't need the memorial because 
'he'll always be with me," said Ms. 
Bain, who ran. the U.S. Employment 

* Service in Rooseveltian hand times. She 
' can recount die freshest memories of 

that president’s commanding glance 
and of his endless demands for excel- 
lence. "But,” she said, -‘the country 
needs the memorial." 

The splendid pastoral memorial bor- 
dering the Tidal Basin will invite vis- 
itors' ruminations as they wander 
among four outdoor tableaux summon- 
ing tbe time of the four Roosevelt elec- 
tions, from Depression breadline to 

* wartime rubble. • « - ~r 

Ms. Bain and the few other remaining 

■ New Deal pioneers who will attend the 
' dedication ceremony already are in that 

rumination mode, savoring their pres- 
1 ident’s memory and inevitably trying to 
imagine him in the present moment, in 
the current political wickets of Wash- 
ington. For them, liberalism, good times 
; and real Democrats are being memori- 
' alized as much as Roosevelt 
f ■ "Mr. Roosevelt would take no gpff 

* from these political people,” Ms. Bain 
said in her Capitol office about a pres- 
ident considered a master politician and 
bold incumbent who did not shrink from 
controversy. "He would not have had a 

’ Dick Morris around him.” 

* A memorial of sorts, as stunning to 
"Ms. Bain and die other New Dealers as 

any of the new bas-reliefs and waterfall 
' turnings on the Tidal Basin, was the 
dismantling by one of Roosevelt's 
_ Democratic successors. President Bill 
""Clinton, of one of FDR’s pillars of lib- 
eralism. the welfare subsidy program 
for the nation’s poorest children. 

"I think he caved in on h,” said 
Robert Hopkins, a retired movie ex- 
ecutive who is the 75-year-old son of 
Harry Hopkins, the Roosevelt factotum 
through the Depression and war. 

"If Roosevelt had a program that 
iN didn't work, he killed it and tried 
' something new,'* he said, making a 
distinction between Mr. Clinton's care- 
ful centrist compromise on the welfare 
issue and Roosevelt's heady willing- 
ness to try something risky, time after 
rime, in the search for solutions that 

"Not only to be daring," recalled 
David Ginsburg, an 85-year-old lawyer 
who was a Roosevelt speech writer. 
“But to accept the responsibility to 
dare." By Mr. Ginsburg 's recollection, 
the Roosevelt powers of personal com- 
munication were harnessed not to cau- 
tious centrism but to determined ped- 
agoguery as Roosevelt worked to shift 
people behind him on complex issues. 

“I see Clinton as possibly the most 
intelligent and sensitive president 

■ we've had since Roosevelt, but I don’t 
t - think he has assumed the responsibil- 
• ities that go with the presidency, Mr. 

Ginsburg said with some regret. 

As hard as they can be on Mr. Clinton 
for jettisoning liberalism and blurring 
party traditions, the surviving New 
Dealers are the best witnesses to an 

j^ es i m portant piece of history: Roosevelt 

ce first campaigned as a conservative, 

seeking a balanced budget, but once in 

ry Bain, the office became a liberal by dint of trial- 
ilers still in and-error exigencies and national 
amusement crises. 

dent, Frank- "What seems to be happening now is 
resorting to the contrary,” said Mr. Yates, 87, who 
ices of mod- was first elected in 1948 as a war veteran 
caching the steeped in Roosevelt liberalism. "Bill 
Clinton started as a liberal and moved 
she -gently 'the other way. I don’t know where he's 

dramatically rise to. 

"No war, the economy's fine, and so 

really going/ 

In fairness, Mr. Hopkins notes Mr. 

. Clinton does not have the grand, if har- 
rowing, challenges of the Roosevelt era 
to dramatically rise to. 

"No war, the economy’s fine, and so 
it's harder for him to define the issues," 
he said. "But the problem is he gets 
caught up in a lot of less important 

The Roosevelt veterans have sur- 
vived into a political age that has ex- 
changed the techniques of back-room 
arm-twisting for those of spin-control 
image-concocting. They celebrate that, 
except for the news media's compliance 
in not showing him wbeelchair-oound, 
the surviving images of their man are 
from uncontrived opportunities. 

‘ 'There was gaiety, laughter, fun, and 
it wasn't assumed,' Mr. Ginsburg said. 
"Nowadays, the White House would be 
debating whether to show the president 
with his cigarette holder,” he said, re- 
ferring to the jaunty photograph of 
Roosevelt that survives as definitively 
as any memorial. 

Away From 

• Scientists have discovered the 

mechanism by which HIV, the AIDS 
vims, penetrates the membrane of the 
cells it infects. Knowledge of the 
mechanism, a sort of spring-loaded 
harpoon that pierces the rail's surface, 
should provide drug designers many 
ideas for j amming it A team at White- 
bead Institute in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, reported the advance in the 
journal Cell, beating a Harvard Uni- 
versity team into print. (NYT) 

• Museum officials are at a loss to 
explain why after years of planning 
and the expenditure of hundreds of 
thousands of dollars to bring a col- 
lection of Russian jewels and other 
treasures of the czars on a U.S. tour, 
Russian officials have called it off, 
saying they want the treasures re- 
moved from a vault at Corcoran Art 
Gallery in Washington, where they 
had been displayed, and returned to 
Moscow. “It just doesn't make 
sense," said Peter Marzio, director of 
Houston’s Museum of Fine Arts, 
which was to show the exhibit starting 
May 7. Russian officials said ihe col- 
lection was wanted for display during 
Moscow's 850th anniversary. (AP) 

• Teenage smoking rates are still 
lower than in the 1970s, but the per- 

centage of 12th-gradexs who smoked 
daily last year rose to 22 percent, a rise 
of 20 percent since 1991, according to 
an annual survey by the University of 
Michigan. The rate among loth- 

graders was 18.3 percent, up 45 per- 
cent, while for eighth-graders it was 
10.4 percent, up 44 percent. • {NYT) 

it was Flames raging through the Social Security building 
{NYT) North Dakota, as floodwaters from the Red River 

Bush Gives Modest View Of His Presidency 

[ By Clifford Krauss 

* • . . " , New York Times Service , 

HEMPSTEAD, New York — His honorary 
doctorate from Hofstra University in hand, 
former President George Bush ticked off the 
monumental events that occurred during his 
single term with more jokes than commen- 

“Unlike Churchill. I have no plans to shape 
history,” Mr. Bush said at the convocation of a 
weekend conference analyzing his presidency. 
Keeping to a blue-blood tone of modesty in a 
speech barely longer than his introductions, he 
added, "As the historians know, Socrates gave 
' advice and they poisoned him.” 

The historians joined students and former 
members of tbe Bush administration, a total of 
several hundred, in a standing ovation, but if 
Mr. Bush hoped that the conference would 
begin to put a bright historical glow on his four 
years in the White House he probably left 

Many of the historians who gathered here 
concurred with much of the conventional wis- 
dom expressed by the pundits who watched Mr. 
Bush's popularity steadily plunge in the 
months after the Gulf War as he appeared 
unable to lift ihe country out of the 1991-92 

The general opinion of many of the his- 
torians was summed up by John Sloan, a Uni- 
versity of Houston professor, who presented a 
paper that said, * ‘Bush’s skill and decisiveness 
in foreign policy, rather than compensating for 
his weakness in domestic policy, accentuated 
his inadequacy and waffling when handling 
domestic issues.” 

Several of the historians took Mr. Bush to 
task for running a negative campaign in 1988 
that stressed racially charged comments over 

"Bush’s handlers virtually nominated- Wil- 
lie Horton as Michael Dukakis's running 
mate," said Jean-Philippe Faletta, a political 
scientist at Wayne Stare university in Detroit 
"The method in which George Bush won the 
White House in 1988 negatively affected his 
ability to govern, and wage his bid for re- 
election in 1992.” 

hi one of the sessions. Bush administration 
officials like James Baker, a former secretary of 
State, and Brent Scowcroft, a former national 
security adviser, painted a very different por- 
trait of Mr. Bush as a decent loyal man who had 
his hands firmly on the rudder at a time of 
revolutionary change. 

But even as the aides praised his handling of 
the Panama invasion, the crumbling of the 
Soviet bloc, and the launching of the human- 

itarian mission in Somalia, they tended to agree 
with the historians that Mr. Bush had fallen 
short in communicating with the public, es- 
pecially in contrast to hts predecessor, Ronald 

"was he a man of vision?” asked Mr. 
Scowcroft, who is writing a book with Mr. 
Bush. "You bet he had vision, but he did not 
articulate it.” 

There were also more than a few touching 
moments at the conference. 

People in wheelchairs gave Mr. Bush a stir- 
ring ovation during a discussion devoted to the 
Americans With Disabilities Act, legislation 
that Mr. Bush signed that was designed ro end 
job discrimination for the disabled. 

Justin Dart Jr., chairman of the National 
Council on Disability, compared Mr. Bush with 
Abraham Lincoln and said he would be long 
remembered by the disabled. 

For his part, Mr. Bush credited Republican j 
and Democrats in Congress for enacting the ! 
legislation, one of several acts of bipartisanship 
during his appearance at the conference. 

Mr. Bush appeared relaxed, ebullient and 
tanned, and he was as self-mocking as he was 
self-effacing. At the convocation, he recalled 
that Barbara Bush told him after his recent 
parachute jump, “It’s the first you’ve been in 
free-fall since 1992.” 

See OpocU/Xemat 

in Grand Forks, 
filled the. streets. 

Fire Follows 
Big Flood in 
North Dakota 

The Associated Press 

GRAND FORKS. North Dakota — 
A block of central Grand Forks burned 
Sunday as firefighters struggled to 
battle the blaze on streets swamped by 
fioodwaters from the Red River. 

Earlier, most of the city's 50,000 
residents fled as the water rushed over 
sandbag and clay dikes, flooding at 
least 60 percent of Grand Forks. 

The police and National Guard 
troops tried to get holdouts to leave, 
threatening arrest for those who re- 
fused. In neighboring East Grand 
Forks, Minnesota, officials also urged 
residents to leave. 

The fire started Samrday afternoon 
in a three-story building and quickly 
spread to other structures in the city 
center while firefighters were 
hampered by streets covered by 4 feet 
(1.2 meters) of water. 

The cause of the fire and the extent 
of the damage were unknown. 

"Our entire town is flooded." Bat- 
talion Chief Jerry Anderson said. "and 
now our town is burning." 

Mayor Pat Owens said residents 
might have to stay out of their homes 
for two weeks while the city's water 
plant was repaired. 

Across the river, many residents of 
East Grand Forks left after an 8-foot 
dike burst, leaving an estimated 3.000 
people with no way to get over a bridge 
to the rest of the city; some were 
rescued by helicopter. 


Republicans Break Ranks on Welfare 

WASHINGTON — Republicans are beginning to break ranks with 
congressional leaders on the issue of restoring welfare benefits for 
legal immigrants. 

The welfare law passed last August would bar federal disability and 
food stamp benefits to immigrants who have not become citizens. But 
three Republican senators, with five Democratic co-sponsors, intro- 
duced legislation last week to continue paying benefits to legal residents 
who were already receiving them. They called restoration of benefits a 
matter of fairness to poor, elderly and disabled immigrants who arrived 
under one set of rules, only to have them changed years later. (WP) 

Lapse Found at Immigration Agency 

WASHINGTON — A set of sweeping safeguards issued late last 
year to prevent some immigrants with criminal records from be- 

coming citizens has been largely ignored by the agency that was 
supposed to carry them out, auditors hired by the government said. 

Of the 23 Immigration and Naturalization Service offices the 
auditors visited recently, only eight were complying to any extent with 
the new procedures, the accounting firm KPMG Peat Marwick found 
in its interim review. " {NYT) 

Quote! Unquote 

Thomas Daschle. Democrat of South Dakota and Senate minority 
leader, accusing Republicans of trying to "steal" the Senate sear won 
last year by Mary Landrieu, Democrat of Louisiana, and suggesting 
thar the Rules and Administration Committee chairman. John Warner. 
Republican of Virginia, had stepped up an inquiry into the legality of 
her election to further his ambitions: “I think everyone in this town 
knows what’s going on. John Warner wants to be the next chairman of 
the Armed Services Committee. John Warner is willing to pay 
whatever dues necessary to see thai that happens. ' ’ (WP) 

Old Navitmer 

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Ex-Foreign Minister Is Named to Lead India, Ending Crisis 

By John F. Bums 

.Vew* York Tunes Service 

NEW DELHI — Three weeks of polit- 
ical turmoil ended Sunday when Pres- 
ident Shankar Dayal Sharma named as 
the new prime minister Inder K_ Gujral, a 
former foreign minister who has been 
widely praised for moving to improve 
India's troubled relations with neighbor- 
ing countries, including Pakistan. 

Mr. Gujral, 77. was a surprise choice 
after days of maneuvering between the 
14-party coalition government and the 
Congress (I; Party. 

On April 1 1. Congress caused the 
defeat of the government in Parliament 
and demanded the ouster of Prime Min- 

ister H. D. Deve Gowda as its price for 
renewing its parliamentary support of 
the coalition Mr. Deve Gowda has led 
With Congress backing him. Mr. 
Gujral appears to be assured of the sup- 
port he would need as prime minister to 
win a parliamentary confidence vote. 

[Mr. Sharma's invitation came after 
both the United Front and Congress 
assured him that the new government 
would be stable. The Associated Press 
reported. Earlier, the Front gave Mr. 
Sharma a letter signed by 1 6 parties that 
pledged support to the government 
[Mr. Gujral said that he would be 
swom in at 10 A.M. Monday, and that 
the president had asked him to prove his 
majority in the lower house of Par- 

Pre-Election Grievances 
Test Indonesian System 

By Seth Mydans 

New York Times Service 

JAKARTA — Parliamentary elec- 
tions will not be held in Indonesia until 
the end of May. but the governing party 
has already announced its winning total: 
70.02 percent of the vote. 

In what will probably be the last 
election to endorse the long leadership 
of President Suharto, nothing is being 
left to chance. An outbreak of religion- 
based riots over recent months has 
dramatized an undercurrent of discon- 
tent in Indonesia and heightened the 
determination of the authorities to con- 
trol every aspect of political life. 

Opposition parties have been put un- 
der pressure. Lists of candidates have 
been verted. Stringent new campaign 
rules have severely restricted the sites 
and the content of rallies and speeches. 

And after the worst riot in decades in 
Jakarta last July, a series of arrests, in- 
terrogations and trials has sought to neut- 
ralize the most outspoken dissidents. 

The national temperature has risen in 
advance of the election as a host of 
grievances rise to the surface. Though 
Mr. Suharto. 75. seems determined to 
stay on for another term, his thorough 
planning for the campaign has not been 
matched by plans for the long-term fu- 
ture. No system for an orderly transition 
of power has been put in place. 

And while he has engineered a sharp 
rise in living standards in Indonesia — 
with 200 million people, the world's 
fourth-most-populous country — he has 
not allowed a comparable evolution of 
the nation's institutions to accommod- 
ate the demands of an increasingly 
aware electorate. 

Many analysts say the recent riots 
reflect the unresponsiveness of the po- 
lice, the courts and the governing Golkar 
party to complaints about corruption, 
unemployment, government abuses and 

growing disparities in wealth. 

“There are outlets for the grievances, 
but the fact is these outlets cannot be 
considered as truly representing the in- 
creasing awareness of rights." said Dewi 
Fortuna Anwar, a political scientist 

“Maybe the political system was ad- 
equate to deal with the country’s prob- 
lems from tile mid- '60s to the mid- 
'80s.'' she said. “But development it- 
self has brought new’ problems. There is 
a new middle class. People are more 
educated. With globalization, there is 
the increasing intrusion of the outside 
world.’ ’ 

With the coming elections thor- 
oughly choreographed, the govern- 
ment's main worry now is something 
called “ golput which means “white 
group,” as opposed to the red, yellow 
and green colors that symbolize Indone- 
sia's three officially sanctioned political 

Golput is the popular new name for a 
boycott — virtually the only way left for 
voters to register their frustration with 
the government — and Indonesia's 
leaders are taking it very seriously. 

“To choose not to vote is their right, 
but if they urge others to follow suit, 
punitive measures await them.” Mr. 
Suharto said. 

The authorities have arrested Sri 
Bintang Paraungkas, a dissident former 
legislator who had sent out greeting 
cards calling for an election boycott. He 
was charged with subversion, a crime 
that carries the death penalty. 

But the idea seems to be catching on. 
Newspaper headlines report the author- 
ities' vigorous pursuit of underground 
activists who distribute pro-boycott 
leaflets. A recent poll suggested that 
large numbers of young people were 
prepared to “vote golput.' 

“Golput is like a fourth contesting 
party,” wrote the newspaper Media In- 
donesia. Some say the spread of the idea 

liament on Tuesday. 

[Like his predecessor, Mr. Gujral will 
probably struggle to retain all the mem- 
bers of' the United Front, who range 
from Communists to free-market ad- 
vocates. He also needs the Congress 
Party, which will back the front but has 
not joined it. 

[The Tamil Manila Congress leader, 
G. K. Moopanar, was apparently angry 
that he had not been chosen as coalition 
leader. But he pledged that, like Con- 
gress. he would support the front from 
outside the government.] 

Mr. Gujral seemed likely to be seen by 
many Indians as a more credible prime 
minister than Mr. Deve Gowda, a 63- 
year-old veteran of regional politics in the 

/ ^ > 

L -A 

southern state of Karnataka who stunned 
India by emerging from a general elec- 
tion last May as the country’s leader. 

Although he promised to shake India 
out of the lethargy that has overtaken 
efforts to tackle the country’s deep- 
rooted problems of poverty, illiteracy 
and disease, his energies were quickly 
sapped by the political maneuvering 
needed to keep his fractious coalition 
government from collapsing. 

He was widely criticized by political 
opponents for what they saw as attempts 
to keep his government in power by 
shielding prominent Congress Party 
politicians from indictment on charges 
of corruption under the government that 
was defeated in the 1996 election. 

Mr. Deve Gowda denied the accu- 
sations, and in any case seemed to have 
limited influence on the criminal in- 
vestigations, which have led to indict- 
ments against several top Congress 
Party figures. The indictments led to 
severe strains between Mr. Deve Gowda 
and Congress leaders, who announced 
March 30 that their bloc of 140 members 
of Parliament would no longer support 
the Deve Gowda government 
With fewer than 200 votes in the 542- 
seat lower house, the coalition was badly 
defeated in the subsequent parliamen- 
tary confidence vote. But the Congress 
leader, Siraram Kesri. 77, was unable to 
muster support from other parties in his 
own bid to form a coalition. 


Kami JaftVAgBCt Fanoc-Pmac 

TAKE A WHIFF — Visitors in Jakarta flocking Sunday to see a “Giant Suweg,” also called a Cadaver 
Flower because of its foul odor when in bloom. This one reached a record height of 2.17 meters (7.1 feet). 

of a boycott is a measure of the coun- 
try’s political restlessness. “People 
want more openness,” an Asian dip- 
lomat said. “They want more room. 
They want the government to be more 
responsive to their needs.” 

On May 29. voters are to choose 425 
legislators, who will join 75 military 
representatives and 500 others selected 
by the government in a People's Con- 
sultative Assembly that will elect the 
next president, in 1998. 

The governing party 's announcement 
that it will win 70.02 percent of the vote 
offered a figure 2 percentage points 
above its score five years ago. 

“It’s not a prediction based on noth- 
ing,” said 3 party official. Abdullah 
Alatas Fahmi. “It's a scientific cal- 

Preparations have been under way for 

months make sure everything goes 

Last year, when Megawati Sukarnop- 
utri, leader of one of the three sanc- 
tioned parties, seemed to be growing too 
popular and assertive, the government 
engineered a change in her party’s lead- 
ership. Although Mrs. Megawati — the 
daughter of Indonesia’s founder, 
Sukarno — had never said she sought to 
challenge Mr. Suharto, she developed a 
fiercely loyal following. Her party is 
now split and feuding to the point of 

Indeed, most of die boycott sentiment 
probably comes from angry Megawati 
supporters who feel they have been dis- 
enfranchised, said Had Tjan. apolitical 
scientist with the Center for Strategic 
and International Studies, an independ- 
ent research organization. 

The party split was the catalyst for the 
rioting in Jakarta, which took at least 
five lives. The riot erupted when the 
military forcibly evicted Mrs. Mega- 
wati’s supporters from the party 
headquarters in central Jakarta. 

The new election ground rules are die 
most stringent since Mr. Suharto took 
power in 1968. 

Dining the 25-day campaign, the large 
outdoor rallies and motorcades that 
made a festival of past elections will be 
banned. Lists of campaign speakers are 
to be submitted for government approval 
and texts of radio and television speeches 
are to be reviewed in advance. 

Mr. Suharto explained the tight elec- 
tion controls in a speech in January. 
“What we have to avoid is an uncon- 
trolled situation, clashes and animosity 
among ourselves.” he said. 


Alliance Shaken 
In Phnom Penh 

PHNOM PENH — Cambodia’s 
beleaguered co-prime ^raster. 
Prince Norodom Ranariddh, on 
Sunday accused his coalition gov- 
ernment rival, Hun Sen, of trying to 
destabilize his royalist party, the 
United National firont for an In- 
dependent, Neutral, Peaceful and 
Cooperative Cambodia, and stage a 
“real coup d’etat” 

Mr. Hun Sen, of the Cambodian 
People’s Party, has fueled tension 
between the partners in the coali- 
tion by pledging backing and as- 
sistance for dissidents challenging 
Pri nce Ranariddh's leadership of 
file royalists. 

He asserted Saturday that 12 roy- 
alist Parliament members had split 
with Prince Ranariddh and would 
give the Cambodian People ’$ Party 
and two smaller allies a majority in 
parliament for the first time. en- 
abling them to pass legislation in 
die 120-member house. (Reuters) 

China Police Quell 
Violence in Town 

BEIJING — Chinese authorities 
have sent hundreds of paramilitary 
armed police to restore order in a 
i pn^ r prain town in southern Guang- 
dong after a dispute over local elec- 
tions tinned violent, local officials 
said Sunday. 

Officials said recent violent 
protests in the town, Wuyun, were a 
result of a string of disputes t h a t h ad 
built up over several years, includ- 
ing disagreements over land and the 
recent failure of local authorities to 
announce village election results. 

Several officials sent in from 
neighboring areas last week to take 
over administration of the restive 
region were beaten up by angry 
residents, said a government of- 
ficial (Reuters) 

Indonesian Plane 
Crashes, Killing 15 

JAKARTA — Indonesian au- 
thorities have recovered the flight 
data and cockpit voice recorders of 
a plane that crashed on the island of 
Belitung, killing at least 15 people, 
the official Antara news agency re- 
ported Sunday. 

The Merpati Nusantara Airlines’ 
plane oasbed Saturday at B elitung , 
400 kilometers (250 miles') north of 

The 68-seat plane with 48 pas- 
sengers and five crew on board 
crashed into a coconut plantation 
chi approach to Belitung's Boluh 
Tumbang airport after leaving 
Jakarta. (Reuters) 




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In a First, a Spanish Polluter Gets a Jail Term 

By Marlise Simons 

Ntvr York Times Service 

MADRID — Spain is a country with 
a poor environmental record It has 
stripped its forests, soiled its rivers and 
bays and paved its coasts. The gov- 
ernment is often reprimanded and 
fined for violations of European en- 
vironmental rules. 

But a Spanish judge has just done 
something out of the ordinary: He has 
sent a factory owner to prison for corn- 
mining crimes against the environ- 
ment. It is the first such punishment in 
Spain and decidedly an exceptional 
step in Europe. 

The factory owner, Jose Puignero, 
who owns textile plants in three towns 
in northeastern Spain, entered jail last 

week after his appeal to the country’s 
highest court and pleas for a pardon 
from many influential people failed. 

A Barcelona court found Mr. 
Puignero’s company. Hilados y Tejidos 
Puignero SA, guilty of illegal dumping 
of chemical dyes and detergents into a 
river in the town of Sant Bartomeu del 
Grau. Because the dumping went on for 
several decades, the court said. local 
groundwater and wells and the river 
Teg were seriously contaminated. 

The misdeeds were aggravated, the 
court said, because the industrialist re- 
peatedly ignored government warn- 
ings. It found Mr. Puignero guilty of a 
“continuous crime against the public 
health and the environment.” 

He was sentenced to four years and 
fined close to $50,000. He had already 

paid nearly $170,000 to repair envi- 
ronmental damage. 

Lawyers said it was not certain if Mr. 
Puignero. 66, would have to serve the 
full sentence. He had tried to avoid 
going to jail by pleading poor health, 
but a court doctor rejected this. His 
imprisonment has caused consternation 
in the small Catalan towns where the 
manufacturer is considered a notable. 

“Many people are alarmed here,” 
said Ramon Vail, mayor of Prats de 
Llucanes. die site of one of the 
Puignero plants. 

The company, which was founded 
40 years ago, employs 2300 workers, 
and their labor union has petitioned the 
government to pardon their employer. 
In effect, a broad movement is under 
way to press for Mr. Puignero’s re- 

lease, with petitions coming from sev- 
eral mayors, the local bishop, the Bar- 
celona Chamber of Industrialists and 
the Employers Association. 

One reason for the wide support is 
that Mr. Puignero is seen as a scape- 
goat. The region around Barcelona is 
one of Spain's most industrialized and 
most polluted areas, where factories 
have violated air and water standards 
for many years. 

But the region of Catalonia is also 
Spain’s first to modernize and eager to 
integrate into Europe. The new state 
magistrate in charge of investigating 
environmental violations here has 
been particularly active. The year-old 
national government is also tightening 
environmental laws and has created an 
Environment Ministry. 

Anti-Communists Win 
A Majority in Bulgaria 

By Jonathan C. Randal 

Washington Pvst Servu e 

SOFIA — An opposition coalition 
committed to carrying out free-markel 
reforms won a landslide victory in Bul- 
garia's early parliamentary elections, 
providing a rare optimistic note in the 
Balkans’ often somber post-Communist 
economic and political history, results 
showed Sunday. 

The electoral commission said that 
the anti -Communist Union of Demo- 
cratic Forces and its coalition allies had 
won 52 percent of the votes cast, which 
would give them 136 or 1 37 seats in the 
240-member Parliament. 

With nearly 98 percent of the vote 
counted, the Socialists had 22 percent of 

Rivals in U.K, Vote Shun Foreign Affairs 

Aversion Could Hohhle Britain in Decisions About the EU and U.S. 

By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The British election 
campaign has been almost entirely 
devoid of serious foreign policy debate, 
even though the new government will 
immediately face critical decisions 
about Britain's future relationship with 
continental Europe — and with the 
United Stales. 

While it has become commonplace to 
see domestic issues dominate elections 
in po st-Cold War democracies, diplo- 
mats and analysts in London say that the 
lack of campaign debate and commit- 
ments has reduced the chances that Bri- 
tain can marshal a strong, clear ap- 
proach to pressing foreign issues after 
the election. 

The British government that emerges 
from the election, now less than two 
weeks off. will have trouble claiming a 
clear mandate and strong credibility as it 
heads into crucial meetings with its allies 
— summit meetings of the European 
Union in June and North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization in July, these experts say. 
The first is supposed to chart the next 
steps in Europain political integration 
and set the framework for eastward ex- 
pansion. and the NATO session will de- 
cide which former Soviet satellites will 
be invited to join the alliance. 

Despite the stakes tor Britain, the 
campaign has “seemed like a double 
conspiracy of silence,” according to 
Jonathan Eyal. director of research at 
the Royal United Services Institute; an 
independent think-tank in London. 

Conspicuously, the Conservative 
party and the Labour party have both 
shunned debate on security issues, in- 
cluding Labour's pledge of a strategic 
defense review, the future of Britain's 
nuclear weapons, possible changes in 
the United Nations Security Council 
that might dilute Britain's status as one 
of the five permanent members with 
veto powers, foreign aid and trade as a 
lever in human rights. 

The imminent transfer of Hong Kong 
to China, for example, seems bound to 
pose problems in reconciling Britain’s 
business interests with its human rights 
commitments. Similarly, Britain's- mil- 
itary strength and Us ability to play a 
leadi ng role in Bosnia and other troubled 
spots will affect how much influence 
London can exert on NATO expansion 
or institutional changes in the Union, the 
topics of the two summit meetings. 

Foreign policy questions have usu- 
ally weighed heavily with aBritish elec- 
torate concerned about their country’s 
international position, including its spe- 
cial ties with Washington. Even in the 
last British election in 1992. Mr. Ma- 
jor’s upset victory has been partly laid to 
voters’ belief that a Conservative gov- 
ernment would be effective in keeping 
the United States engaged in Einopeau 
security amid uncertainties about Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton's intentions. 

This time, however, each main party 
has reasons to fear a backlash if it at- 
tacks its rival on international issues. 

Sinn Fein Is Seeking 
Post-Election Talks 

MONAGHAN, Ireland — The 
IRA’s political wing, Sinn Fein, cm 
Sunday challenged the winner of Brit- 
ish elections May 1 to lift a ban on its 
entrv to Northern Ireland peace talks 
and to negotiate a lasting settlement. 

Gerry Adams, the Sinn Fein leader, 
said at a party conference here that 
Sinn Fein votes in the elections would 
nut pressure on the British govern- 
ment and pro-British Unionist parties 
to end the ban and talk- He called the 
elections *‘a watershed moment in 
our history that must be seized. 

Sinn Fein is contesting 17 of the 18 
Northern Ireland constituencies and is 
confident of winning two to tihree seats. 
Britain. Ireland and the United States 
have banned all contact with Sinn Fein 
since the Irish Republican Army ended 
a 1 7 -month cease-fire m its war against 
British rule in Northern Ireland in Feb- 
ruary 1996. (Reuters) 

Qiemomyrdin Opens 
2-Day Visit to Prague 

PRAGUE — Prime Minister Vikt- 
or Chernomyrdin of Russia arrived in 
Praeue on Sunday for a visit likely to 
be dominated by Czech hopes to join 
an enlarged NATO tins year- 

The two-day. visit is the first by a 
Russian leader since the Soviet Union 

Mr. Major and his campaign team shy 
from questioning Labour's vague plans 
on military spending because they do 
not want to draw attention to the gov- 
ernment's record of downsizing Bri- 
tain's ambitions to match the nation's 
reduced wealth, according to Mr. Eyal. 

His challenger, Tony Blair, does not 
want to jeopardize his lead in the polls 
with questions about the Labour party's 
ability to protect Britain's interests. 

“Every day when foreign policy 
doesn't come up is a day the Labour 
party won,” said a campaign aide, cit- 
ing Mr. Clinton’s successful tactics in 


running against the Reagan-Bush re- 
cord as an example for Mr. Biair, whose 
party bas been out of power for 18 

But this campaign tactic bas sown 
doubts among diplomats in London 
about Mr. Blair's readiness, if elected, 
to carry out Labour's commitment to 
reinvigorate British foreign policy. 

Germany and France have been wait- 
ing for Mr. Blair to set a new approach in 
European policy, and both Bonn and 
Paris would be stunned — and angered 
— if Labour turns out to be unready for 
initiatives taking Britain more deeply 
into the EU. 

Disappointment would affect Wash- 
ington, too. The While House has been 
all-but-openly rooting for Mr. Blair be- 
cause of his ideological and tempera- 

mental affinities with Mr. Clinton. But 
any honeymoon between London and 
Washington is liable to be short-lived if 
Britain stays on the sidelines in Europe. 

As a Clinton aide explained. U.S. 
interest in a special relationship with 
Britain these days “depends on London 
keeping a seat at the top table in EU 

So far, Mr. Blair has offered few 
specifics mi EU questions beyond a plan 
to end Britain’s boycott of the social 
charter, a shibboleth for Euro-skeptics 
bat actually a largely symbolic statute. 

Meanwhile, the issue of a single 
European currency eluded substantive 
discussion until it erupted this week 
when two cabinet ministers — and nearly 
200 Conservative candidates — revolted 
against Mr. Major’s attempt to tiptoe 
around the question by leaving it open. 

Mr. Major “finally was forced to 
admit that the common currency, and 
Britain ’s role in a federal Europe, were 
the central issues in die election,” Paul 
Johnson, a Conservative intellectual, 
wrote in the newspaper Daily Mail. 

But the episode did not flush out any 
fresh information about the views of Mr. 
Blair, which are practically identical to 
Mr. Major’s “wait and see” posture. 

That sensible-sounding stance ap- 
peals to voters, polls show, even though 
it entails delay in the inevitable debate 
on the issue. That delay, diplomats said, 
is liable to leave Britain with scant 
leverage in coining EU negotiations 
about Europe’s economic future. 


ROYAL RETURN — Albania’s exiled king, Leka, being greeted 
by well-wishers Sunday during his visit to Burgajet, the birthplace 
of his father. Leka was two days old when his father. King Zog, fled 
with his family in 1939 to escape the invading Italian troops. 

the vote, or 57 sears, and three smaller 
parties were also set to enter Parliament. 
Final results are expected Tuesday. 

Such a clear majority means Pres- 
ident Petar Stoyanov’s Union of Demo- 
cratic Forces could rule without allies 
who might be tempted to question tbe 
stiff terms set by international lending 
institutions for continuing to bail out the 
heavily indebted and economically mis- 
managed nation. 

The Socialists were driven from of- 
fice in February by month-long public 
demonstrations culminating in a care- 
taker government. Their projected 57 
seats are a sharp decline from the 125 
they held in the old Parliament. 

Also winning seats in the new Par- 
liament were three small coalitions. One 
represents the Turkish minority and 
monarchists. The second, known as 
Euro-Left, is composed of Socialist dis- 
sidents fed up with the party that has run 
Bulgaria for five of its seven post-Com- 
muntst years. The third, the Bulgarian 
Businessmen’s Bloc, is a populist 
protest group. 

The results were seen as formal rat- 
ification of the daily demonstrations 
that finally forced the Socialists to ac- 
cept early elections almost two years 
before their mandate ended. 

Sixty percent of registered voters cast 
ballots Saturday, down from 75 percent 
in 1992. indicating that many of them 
believed they could abstain without en- 
dangering a Union of Democratic 
Forces victory. 

The lackluster election campaign also 
reflected the efficiency of a caretaker 
government of technocrats named by 
Mr. Stoyanov, who was elected pres- 
ident last fall and who negotiated the 
Socialists' exit from power. 

Headed by Sofia's popular mayor, 
Stefan Sofianski, the caretakers rapidly 
restored confidence in Bulgaria's in- 
stitutions. considered on the brink of 
bankruptcy and collapse when they took 

The interim government concluded a 
$65 7 million loan with the International 
Monetary Fund, setting in motion 
pledges for a similar amount from the 
European Union and other lenders. The 
caretakers also began a crackdown cm 
corruption and organized crime. 

Most of the fresh funds were ear- 
marked for paying off $] billion of 
Bulgaria's $9.65 billion debt. The loans 
helped stabilize the economy, which 
saw inflation reduced to 123 percent 
last month, and alleviated some of the 
suffering stemming from a slide in the 
minimum wage and in retirement ben- 
efits to well below subsistence levels. 

Ankara Under Pressure . WKWaMM 
To Temper Radical Islam WE'LL GET YOU 

=S3a?iS: There On Time 

ANTIC AO A With Prinv» Mmictpr rpuiV Rtr rw^nflvt rallp/t lelnmtr anti- ■ • 1 ■■ I W ■ W I ■ ■ W I 

ANKARA — With Prime Minister 
Necmettin Erbakan and many of his 
closest aides on a pilgrimage to the 
Islamic holy city of Mecca, the gov- 
ernment’s secular wing last week 
handed the nation's governors a list of 
instructions aimed at stamping out rad- 
ical Muslim activity. 

Interior Minister MeraJ Aksener de- 
livered the instructions to a gathering of 
80 provincial governors. They include 
orders to fire any civil servant involved 
in subversive religious activities, to close 
illegally operating schools and hostels 
run . by religious foundations, to shot 
down unauthorized Koran study groups 
and to enforce secular dress codes. 

The action came as pressure mounted 
on tbe government coalition, especially 
on the secular True Path Party, to im- 
plement a broad military-backed plan 
designed to crack down on Islamic rad- 
icalism. Tbe National Security Council, 
which issued the plan, is expected to 
review the government’s progress in 

dissolved in 1991. Russia is opposed 
to expansion of NATO. But Mr. 
Chernomyrdin said that “the Czech 
people will decide alone” whether 
they need NATO membership, Itar- 
Tass reported- (AFP) 

EUFaces Farm Cuts 

BRUSSELS — European Union 
farm ministers on Monday will attack 
planned cuts in subsidies to cereal and 
oilseed farmers meant to fund aid for 
beef producers hit by the “mad cow” 
crisis, diplomats said. 

Ministers are expected to press for 
sweeteners for their formers, which die 
EU form commissioner. Franz Fisc- 
hler. is expected to oppose. (Reuters) 

The Ell This Week; 

International Herald Tribune 
Significant events: 

• EU agriculture ministers roeeLin 
Luxembourg on Monday and Tues- 
day. Key issues will be whether min- 
isters can make progress on the plan 
to reduce cereal subsidies to free 
money to support the beef market, 
and signal any compromise in a dis- 
pute with United States over trade in 
meat and poultry. 

•The European Commission is to 
release its 1997 economic forecast 
Wednesday, giving the first indication 
of whether the 15 EU governments are 
on track to meet the 3 percent deficit 
criterion for a single currency- 

implementing tbe plan at its monthly 
meeting, scheduled for Saturday. 

A senior military official. General 
Cevik Bir, recently called Islamic anti- 
secular movements a greater national 
security threat than the Kurdish sep- 
aratist insurgency that has preoccupied 
the government for the last 12 years. 

Some political analysts were skeptical 
that the instructions to the governors 
would satisfy the security council, which 
issued its 1 8-point plan in February. 

The council likely will demand fur- 
ther progress in areas not addressed by 
the interior minister’s directives, said a 
political analyst. Rasit Gurdilek. 
Among them, he said, are overhauling 
tbe national education system in a way 
that discourages enrollment in religious 
schools and enacting tighter regulations 
iMi private donations, especially from 
religious organizations, to political 

Mr. Erbakan's Welfare Party has 
pushed an Islamic-oriented agenda, in- 
cluding proposals to relax dress codes to 
allow women to wear religious head 
scarves in public buildings. In the pro- 
cess, Welfare has drawn the ire of the 
armed forces, the nation's sworn guar- 
antor of secularism. 

The 10-mooth-old government, the 
first in modern Turkey to be led by an 
Islam-based party, has also caused con- 
cern within the armed forces, analysts 
say, by failing to crack down on a small 
radical element both within and outside 
the Welfare Parry that seeks to alter 
Turkey’s secular foundations. 

Welfare has dragged its feet on im- 
plementing the 18-point plan, which 
calls for constitutional amendments and 
other changes in law. In particular, tbe 
party has resisted enacting a new edu- 
cation project that would phase out re- 
ligious middle schools and make it 
harder for religious school graduates to 
enter universities. 

An estimated 500,000 male and fe- 
male students are enrolled in religious 
middle and high schools, known as im- 
am-cleric training schools, many of i 
which are funded by private religious 1 
foundations based in Turkey. Some also 
receive funds from Saudi Arabia and 
other Muslim countries, government of- 
ficials said. The military-backed plan 
calls for enrollment in such schools to 
be scaled back to only those students 
who plan to become clerics. 

Many Welfare supporters and others 
in the conservative religious commu- 
nity oppose phasing out the religious 
schools. They argue that the schools are 
not hotbeds of religious fanaticism, as 
portrayed by the secular establishment, 
but rather provide an alternative to the 
state system, offering children a good 
education as they learn the principles of 

But many in the secular camp say 
they fear that students in such schools 
have become vulnerable to radical Is- 
lamic propaganda. 

When it comes to getting businessmen to meetings, 
our record for punctuality, with a 92% average for 
on-time departures, beats many major airlines. Our 
warm, Arabian welcome, traditional hospitality and 
award-winning cuisine are also unbeatable. And with 
regular flights and direct connections to 24 Saudi 
Arabian airports you can relax in wide-bodied comfort 
knowing thart you’ll arrive on time and fit for business. 

■' “* ’ i ~ 1 "lit! 1 P**' 




Colony Police Seek 

Bridge Saboteurs 


HONG KONG — Saboteurs 
damaged Hong Kong's showpiece 
Tsing-Ma bridge. the world's 
longest road and rail suspension 
link, barely a week before Margaret 
Thatcher, the former British prime 
minister, was set to declare it open, 
the police said Sunday. 

A police spokesman said cables 
along the emergency tunnel under 
the road level of the tw o-lier bridge 
had been cut in 32 places and in- 
vestigators had classified the case as 
criminal damage. 

He said the damage was reported 
Friday and the police had received 
no reports of injuries. 

Mrs. Thatcher, who signed the 
1984 treaty by which Britain agreed 
to return the colony to China at 
midnight June 30. was to cut the 
ribbon next Sunday and declare the 
bridge to Hong Kong's new airport 
open. “The Tsing-Ma contractors 
are now hastening to complete the 
repairs." a police spokesman said 
by telephone. 


HOUSES: No Bargains in Hong Kong 

Continued from Page 1 

seen as the land of unimaginable prices, huge de v elopm^t near no jj 1 ^ 

but Hong Kong has long since overtaken jJ g** ^bSSLsand 
Tokvo. a city where the property bubble of Hong k i fiSS , h;in 

bum in 1990. Town housS in a new shoppmg dtstners ^ 
development in a lush but hardly haut two days to se p j 0 

monde locale recently went for $12.3 Such amounts do not re 

monde locale recent ly wem for Sl2.3 . Such 

million each, sans swimming pools. gisteron 
Perhaps surprisingly, some might say who live on 
death-defyingly . Hong Kong's galactic and sudden sale of Sk|M ^ 

housing prices keep expanding like the rJItJ ^ lhe 5 h ^,, benchmark at that 
univeri even as the British crown "'There s 

colony prepares to pass into rhe em brace end of the market. ^ j , • 

of the Communist motherland to the a partner at Brooke IWier Pjke . 

l ! ;-Kj~ r_ •' ' ft-'- ^ " 

rg: '■ 

t-jlAi Jun Th- \ -1.1—1 IV- 

Hong Kong demonstrators showing on Sunday what they fear if Beijing curbs liberties after the handover. 

HONGKONG: First Chinese Troops Arriving in Colony as Vanguard of Garrison 

north on July 1 . 

A! though’ concerns have grown over 
the loss of civil liberties that was an- 
nounced this month by China's appoin- 
ted ruler for the territo’iy. an acute hous- 
ing shortage coupled w ith a rising tide of 
money from China have pushed prices 
for luxury housing skyward. 

Housing prices in the United States 
cannot hold a candle to Hong Kong s>. 
There is not a single American house 
valued at anywhere near S70 million, 
real-estate specialists say. 

Even Bill Gates's 37.000-square-foot 
1 3,330-square-meter) high-tech abode 
along Lake Washington near the 
headquarters of his Microsoft Corp. in 
Redmond. Washington — which features 
a 20-car garage, a trampoline room and 
about 30 wall screens capable of dis- 

Town houses in a lush but 
hardly haut monde 
locale recently went for 
$12.3 million each, sans 
swimming, pools. 

on the front lawn. Rather, a whisper, a 
rumor, the scent of something in the air 
wafts down the hill into a select office or 
two. For Wong Yuk Kwan. it was not 

Continued from Page 1 

Ho. a legislator of the relatively pro- 
China Liberal Party, told reporters. 

But the anti-Communisi Democratic 
Party, which received the largest number 
of votes in the 1995 eleciions. disagreed. 
“This entry has little significance or 
excitement." said the party 's security 
spokesman. James To. “The soldiers 
will keep a very low profile." 

Keith Richhurg of The Washington 
Post reported from Hong Kong : 

Hundreds of Hong Kong activists 
from political parties, social agencies 
and human rights groups marched 
through the streets here Sunday in a 
show of mounting public anger over 
China's plans to curb civil liberties after 
Beijing assumes control over the ter- 
ritory July I. 

Protest organizers said they were 
buoyed by the size of the March — close 
to 1. 000 people by some estimates, in a 
city widely described as unconcerned 
about politics — and they promised to 
continue organizing popular resistance 
to attempts to stifle the right to demon- 
strate and to place new restrictions on 
political parties. 

“We have to continue pushing.” said 
Emily Lau, a member of the legislature 
and leader of Frontier, a pro -democracy 

pressure group. “Even after they take 
over, we have to continue to be vi- 


The British colonial administration, 
meanwhile, kept up its verba! assault on 
the proposals, with Governor Chris Pat- 
ten using a local radio address Sunday to 
accuse China of frying to tighten control 
on political life in Hong Kong and plan- 
ning to manipulate the electoral system 
to prevent pro-democracy candidates 
from winning in future elections. 

“Chinese officials decided that Hong 
Kong has too much freedom and that it 
needs to be curtailed." Mr. Patten said. 
“Their decision seems to be based on a 
wish to have a tighter control over life 
here. They don't — they should but they 
don’t — they don't yet trust Hong 

The proposals, put forth on April 9 by 
China's incoming chief executive. Tung 
Chee-hwa. have ignited a storm of local 
and international protest. 

On Friday, senior Tung aides were 
involved in a melee with protesters as 
they tried to defend the proposals in the 
first of a series of planned public meet- 

Furor over the planned changes also 
helped prompt President Bill Clinton to 
hold a symbolically important White 
House meeting with the colony's lead- 
ing pro-democracy politician. Martin 
Lee. after which Mr. Clinton urged 
China's leaders to live up to their pledge 
to maintain Hong Kong’s freedoms. 

Also last week, the attorney general. 
Jeremy Mart hews, assailed Mr. Tung's 
plan to introduce the concept of “na- 

tional security” as grounds for banning 
local political groups or prohibiting even 
peaceful demonstrations. 

Mr. Matthews, in a statement, said a 
conference of human rights expens 15 
years ago had determined that "national 
security" should only be invoked when 
there was a threat of force against a 
nation's territory or independence, and 
could not simply be used to prevent 
“isolated threats to law and order. " 

The mounting opposition to the pro- 
i sals seems to have placed Mr. Tuns 

posals seems to have placed Mr. Tung 
and his incoming government on the 
defensive. His office issued a five-page 
statement on Sunday afternoon “to en- 
hance public understanding of the is- 

The statement said the goal of the 
proposals was “to strike a balance be- 
tween civil liberties and social order." 
and to fill a void created after the Na- 
tional People's Congress in Beijing 
struck down Hong Kong's more lenient 
civil liberties law in a ruling last Feb- 


In Sunday's statement. Mr. Tung's 
office also repeated its controversial as- 
sertion that Hong Kong might become a 
base for unnamed, shadowy foreign 
forces out to destabilize the Communist 
mainland after July, and that stricter 
measures were needed to control them. 

“In view of the close geographic, 
economic and social links between 
Hong Kong and China, and to protect 
Hong Kong's own interests, we consider 

it pnident that we should introduce mea- 
sures to prevent foreign forces from 
making use of Hong Kong to conduct 
political activities targeted at China." 
the statement said. 

An independent legislator, Christine 
Loh. has described Mr. Tung’s allusions 
to foreign forces subverting China as 
“alarmist nonsense.” 

The statement, apparently an attempt 
to allay public concern and contain the 
political damage, promised that “na- 
tional security” would be determined by 
local. Hong Kong terms defined by 
courts, and not simply an extension of 
the more draconian national security 
laws that exist in China. It also said the 
proposed new restrictions on political 
groups were only aimed at parties that 
run candidates for office, not groups 
“which merely comment on public 

One of the proposals would ban 
ponies from accepting contributions 
from overseas or “alien” donors, a 
move seen specifically aimed at cur- 
tailing the global fund-raising activities 
of Mr. Lee and his Democratic Party. 

But Mr. Tung this weekend found 
himself on the defensive again after it 
was disclosed that, in 1992, he had 
donated £50,1300 i $81. 000) to Britain's 
Conservative Party. 

Local activists here said Mr. Tung’s 
donation made his move to restrict for- 
eign donations here an example of “hy- 

playing a shifting series of digitized art- just one of these faint whiffs, but two. 

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works — cost only about $30 million. 

“Seventy million dollars!" gasped 
Stephen Shapiro, who sells high-priced 
real estate in Beverly Hills, California. 
“There’s never been a house sold at that 
price in America. The most expensive 
house that ever sold was Jack Warner’s 
house, which David Geffen bought for 
$48 million” in 1990. 

It isn't just Hong Kong's wealthiest 
who must endure stratospheric prices. A 
recent public opinion poll found that 
two-thirds of Hong Kong residents re- 
gard the expense and difficulty of find- 
ing adequate housing as the territory's 
most pressing issue. 

Last January, when one of Hong 
Kong’s big property developers an- 
nounced that it was putting 1,864 apart- 
ments in a new development up for sale. 
27.1 32 people signed up for a chance to 
obtain a coupon allowing them to buy 
one. After the lottery, the lines of hope- 
ful buyers stretched around the block 
from the developer's office while fren- 
zied property speculators scuttled back 
and forth offering wads of cash for 
places in line. One offered $65,000 to the 
holder of No. 83. or so went the rumors 
that swept through the throng. 

And the apartments were not, by any 
normal compass, great deals. There were 
no stunning views, no wraparound bal- 
conies. no jumbles of high-ceilinged 
rooms along long corridors. 

Instead, for $540.000 the buyer would 
gel a tiny apartment generously meas- 

that spurred him into action. 

“There are only 187 houses on Vic- 
toria Peak.” he explained, “and for those 
1 87 houses, almost every one is occupied 
by a rich family or several generations of 
one family. If you can find one. it is very 
exclusive. Two? It never happens.” 

Mr. Wong. 49. is indeed a newcomer to 
high-stakes real estate in Hong Kong. In 
1966. when he was 1 8 and Mao Zedong's 
Cultural Revolution was beginning to 
tear China apart, Mr. Wong managed to 
sneak across the border after a short ca- 
reer feeding pigs and cows while they 
were being shipped cm trains to market. 

Then found a job as an apprentice 
cook in a small hotel. And then, in the 
way things seem to work in Hong Kong, 
he used connections to link up with a 
Chinese company to do a hotel man- 
agement contract on the mainland. 

. He quickly showed a Hair for making 
money. Using his life savings of 
$100,000 for a down payment on a $7. 1 
million hotel. Mr. Wong got an offer of 
$8.3 million for the property on the day 
the deal was closed, he said. After the 
wheeling-and-dealing was done and the 
transaction costs were subtracted, he 
said, he walked away with a profit of 

By repeating this sort of “flip” several 
times. Mr. Wong said he had accumu- 
lated enough capital to expand his real- 
estate ventures from hotels into small 
shoppmg arcades, and Chen to office 
buildings, and now. into luxury housing. 

A two-month 

3*3; -V. 








to 60 



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PAGE 7. 





"Toast 9 Is ‘ History Which Out for Roadkill 9 

By William Safire 

YXT ASHINGTON — In our use of 
▼ ▼Us recent slang sense', we have 
come to the end of history. ' ■ 

. History, the with-it user of vogue 
Imgo will recall, was a chesty term for 
goodbye,” as in “I’m history an- 
other sense was “out of it; pass6,” as in 
“Nobody hums that tune anymore; it’s 
history:" A more extreme version of that 
sense was “fi n ished, washed up, wrung 
out and cast aside,” as in“Fbiget about 
her; she’s history” (The ward’s rfemic* 
seemed to be further hastened by Fran- 
cis Fukuyama’s amusing musing about 
Clio in his provocative book tided “Hie 
End of History.”) 

But history, in its sense of “hope- 
lessly old-fashioned; last year’s craze” 
is back in the mists with twenty-three 
skidoo. In oar breathless run-up to die 
millennium, the hot term for outcasted- 
ness — expressed in a combination of 
scorn and revulsion — is toast. 

“Hey, dude. You’” was 
a passage in The St. Petersburg Tunes 
of Oct 1, 1987, the earliest citation the 
Oxford English Dictionary research 
staff has of this usage. “Actually, the 
trendiest way of saying someone is fin- 
ished is to say ‘He’s toast f" wrote the 
columnist George Will the follo wing 
year. “The women in Bush’s entourage 
also are tum-you-to-toajr tougfcries.” 

It means “burned, scorched, wiped 
out demolished” (without even the 
consolation of being remembered, as 
history offered). Makers of a movie 
about a volcano in California wrote die 
tag line “The Coast Is Toast” When 
Ted Turner, the magnate who enjoys 
sailing, almost fell overboard, be told 
an interviewer in 1992, “I thought I 
was toast— 1 would have died”; five 
years later, firing his own son after a 
merger, the tough- loving father said, 
“He’s toast.” 

Thus has the simile warm as toast 
been thrust aside. The noun’s standard 
meaning — “sliced bread singed by 
heat” from the Latin torrent, “to 
bum” — is being t emp or ari ly overrun 
by its slang meaning. A less torrid 

Caribbean sense was described by Ro- 
ger Abrahams in die July 1962 Amer- 
ican Folklore magazine as “die long 
narrative poem called tire toast” How- 
ever, die verb to toast continues to 
mean “to salute with a glass in hand 
and m encomium on die lips”; a sim- 
ilar sense of the verb can be discerned 
in the Caribbean meaning “to accom- 
pany reggae mnsieby shouting.” 

If toast comes after the end of his- 
tory, what will cane after the final 
scraping of toast? 

A far mere horrific term: roadkill. 
Representative Peter King, Repub- 
lican-New Yak, used the term as he 
played Casca to Speaker Newt Gin- 
grich’s Caesar recently: “As road till 

he wrot^ha^The Weekly Standard, 

But ‘roadtUI’ will not 
soon be shunted aside 
by ‘pavement pizza . 1 

“Newt cannot sell the Republican 
agenda.” This followed. the metaphor 
used by Friedman, whose toast usage is 
cited above, referring last December to 
nations that fail to get their interna- 
tional economics right as “ road kill on 
tee global highway.” Frequent use of 
roadkill with information superhigh- 
way can be expected, especially in In- 
ternet prase. 

The original meaning was “an an- 
imal killed by a motor vehicle and lying 
on a roadside.” The first OED citation 
is from 1972, as Richard and Rochelle 
Wright wrote in the book “Cariboo 
Mileposts” about magpies: “They . . . 
usually feed on carrion or rood-kills .” 
Now the metaphoric sense means 
“no longer viable,” with a second 
sense of “easy victim”; Charlie 
Nobles, a sportswiiter for The New 
York Times, described die Miami Hur- 
ricanes college basketball team as 
“formerly viewed as Big East road 
kill ” Drop the hyphen; dose up the 
space and write it as roadkill. 

Will the vogue meanings of die 

nouns toast and roadkill follow the 
course of aU-but-fbrgotten history? 
We’ll know when all is said and done. 
(At the end af the day is toast, but 
roadldU will not soon be shunted aside 

by pavement pizza.) 
Alarm shown be 

here 18 months ago 
about the vogue use of Tm not sure that 
to mean “I’m fairly certain that’s a la 
of hooey” has failed to dampen the 
delight in this locution shown by prac- 
titioners of sly derogation. 

‘T m just not sure whether Sky is a 
mass-market service.” a media-secu- 
rities analyst was quoted regarding 
Rupert Murdoch's planned satellite 
service that might draw viewers from 
the cable industry. Note it was not the 
forthright / doubt that or (be eves more 
resolutely opinionated “Sky won’t 
fly' ’; just that certain uncertainty. 

The verb doubt is obviously out. Not 
since when all is said and done was 
shoved aside by the Britishism at the 
end of the day has the tried- and -true 
been so thoroughly ousted by the 

My philosophy: If you can’t stop 
’em, correct ’em. Should it be fm not 
sure that, or whether, or if? The answer 
Tests on whether you want to express 
uncertainly or disbelief. (I just used 
whether because I am in genuine doubt 
about which you want to express.) If 
you’re sincere about not being sure 
about tiie future of Rupert’s Sky ven- 
ture, use whether or if. Q. like whether 
better because it’s less ambiguous than 
if.) But if you’re not really uncertain in 
your own mind, and your purpose is to 
cast doubt on or spread disbelief about 
Mr. Murdoch’s enterprise, use that. 

Am I splitting hairs? Sure; that’s 
what mavens do. But on ibis, I’m 
backed up by Randolph Quirk, the us- 
agist who sits in the British House of 
Lads as an independent spokesman on 
education: “When Tm not sure is fol- 
lowed by that, the meaning of Tm not 
sure is ‘I doubt,’ a polite denial. But 
when fm not sure is followed by 
whether or if, the meaning is either T 
wonder’ or T don’t know.' There’s a 
subtle difference.” 

New York Tima Service 


LIFE ITSELF: Exploring the 
Realm of the Living Cell 

By Boyce Rensberger. 290 pages. $30. 
Oxford University Press. 

Reviewed by Floyd E. Bloom 

S CIENCE writes and scientists have a 
perverse symbiotic relationship. 
Without scientists, science writers 
wouldn't exist, let alone have much to 
write about But without science wrfters 
of the caliber of The Washington Post’s 
Boyce Rensberger, foe meaning of much 
of what scientists have done would be- 
lost to public understanding. The sym- 
biosis readies its constructive ideal, 
however, when writers such as Rens- 
berger catch the zeal of srienrific dis- 
covery and — r bunting to explain itfuHy, 
shoo of jargon — seek out scientists as 
turors to explain the complexities. 

The ability to absorb mat knowledge, 
question it rad then test their mrderstand- 
^ ing in translations from science-speak 
back to plain-speak characterizes this lyr- 
ical, modest-sized, but factually dense 
volume on the marvelous progress that 
has been nuicfcfo our understanding of ibe 
elegant molecular -machinery running 
within our cells. . 

For Rensberger, the seductiveness of 

cell biology began with a hands-on sum- 
mer physiology course at the Marine 
Biological Laboratories in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts. Seeing living cells under 
microscopes, observing their interna] 
components with special chemicals that 
increased then optical contrast, and then 
learning the underlying biochemical op- 
erations ignited his interest in a self- 
education assisted by some of tire most 
distinguished scientists in the field. 

One of tire admirable features of this 
book is the very sparse use of metaphors 
to explain scientific phenomena. Two 
are used repeatedly and effectively. 
Chapter 4, “The Living-Room Cell.” 
introduces readers to a plan by which the 
relative sizes and shapes of cell com- 
ponents can be appreciated in everyday 
tarns. Imagine an average ceD enlarged 
300,000 times to the size of an average 
living room. At that scale, the nucleus — 
the compartment of the cell that contains 
all tire genetic information needed to 
create maintain and ultimately kill the 
cel] — ; would be about the size of a 
Volkswagen Beetle. The living-room 
cell also puts into perspective the vari- 
ous other little devices that cells need to 
operate: salt- and sugar-exchange mech- 
anisms to provide energy and mineral 
balance inside, the means by which cells 

ingest other nutrients they need, and 
bow cells generate the energy “batter- 
ies” they need to run by enzymatic 
conversion of nutrients, all within spe- 
cial energy-producing components with 
their own genes, the mitochondria. 

A second pedagogical metaphor used 
repeatedly to the reader's advantage is 
the concept that die body of an organism 
should be viewed as a “republic of 
cells” in which “a huge colony of ex- 
traordinarily selfless citizens” (the cells) 
have each forsaken an independent ex- 
istence to create the self-sustaining in- 
dividual. This same idea then helps the 
understanding of what happens when 
individual cells “revolt” and undergo 
changes to “pursue renegade causes.” 
escaping from the environments where 
they were boro and worked and estab- 
lishing colonies in new locations, even- 
tually devoting more and more of then- 
time to replication, becoming ca n cer. 

This book will be extremely useful for 
scientists who need good examples of 
how to describe their complicated work 
amply enough for the interested public 
to understand. 

Floyd E. Bloom, editor in chief cf 
Science, wrote this for The Washington 


By Alan Txuscott 

I S bridge legal? There was 
some doubt about it in San 
Francisco recently when sev- 
en police officers burst into 
tiie San Francisco Bridge 
Club shouting: “Don’t any- 
j body move! This is a raid!” 
t V They interrupted three tables 
r of Chicago, two playing for a 
penny a point stake and one 
for a nickel. 

One woman thought it -was 

wher?^ heart “PoSteeT^ 
Fourteen players were cited 
for being on premises where 
gambling was taking place. 

and the dub’s owner, August 
Hunte, was also cited for us- 

becanse a disgruntled player, 
who complained that otter 
players were using his park- 
ing space, wrote to the may- 
ors office to report gambling. 
His Idler was given to the 

Dennis Ruby is an occa- 
sional player at the San Ban- 
cisco drib who was suprised 
to be told that he had been 
breaking the law. He repots 
dial the case was dropped by 

the Distrid Attorney . 

On the diagramed deal 
played at the San Francisco 

Club, North was certainly 
gambling, in the nonpecuni- 
ary sense, with his second- 
round raise of three dubs to 
four dubs. If he had rebid his 
spades, Kuby as South would 
have bid four hearts, reaching 
an easy contract. 

The four-club bid, in prin- 
ciple showing four-card sup- 
port, provoked Blackwood, 
leading to a shaky six-club 
contract After a diamond 
lead and a tramp return. South 
was able to establish hearts 
with one raff, draw tramps 
«rvi malra bis slam, worth 

$13.70 at a penny a point All 
the cards were lying favor- 

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to 'Roots' 

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Saddam’s Son Has Surgery 
To Remove Bullet Near Spine 

BAGHDAD — Saddam Hussein’s eldest son underwent 
surgery Sunday to remove at least one bullet lodged near his 
spine after an assassination attempt In December, gov- 
ernment officials said. 

The officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said a 
French and Gentian medical team operated on the 33-year- 
old Odai Hussein earlier in the day. They said his condition 
appeared to be stable, but declined to give further details. 
Mr. Hussein was to appear on Iraqi television Sunday night, 
they said. 

Mr. Hussein, who had been widely believed to be Mr. 
Saddam's heir apparent, was shot about 10 times while 
waiting alone in a car in an upscale Baghdad suburb on Dec. 
12 . 

Iraqi dissidents have said at least one bullet was lodged 
near Mr. Hussein’s spine and that French and Iraqi doctors 
had hesitated to operate, fearing surgery might leave him 
paralyzed. But Mr. Hussein had askeathe doctors to operate 
anyway, they said. (AP) 

Skirmish at Azerbaijani Border 

MOSCOW — Soldiers traded fire across the border 
between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the weekend, killing 
or wounding about 50 people, Azerbaijani military per- 
sonnel told the Interfax news agency Sunday. 

On Saturday, the Itar-Tass press agency quoted the 
Azerbaijani Defense Ministry as saying that Armenians 
used artillery in the Kazak region of western Azerbaijan 
early Saturday. It said that several people were killed or 
wounded, but did not specify how many. 

The Armenian Defense Ministry said that Azerbaijani 
soldiers fired into Armenian territory in the Taush region in 
eastern Armenia, wounding three. Armenian armed forces 
then retaliated, it said. 

The two countries are in a dispute over Azerbaijan’s 
enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is populated mostly 
by Armenians. (AFP) 

Winnie Mandela Selling Soil 

JOHANNESBURG — Winnie Mandela is selling bottles 
of soil from the house in Soweto she shared in the 1950s 
with her former husband. President Nelson Mandela, the 
Johannesburg Sunday Tunes said. 

Bottles cost SO rand (Si 1) and come with a certificate of 
authenticity signed by Winnie Mandela and a history of the 
house, in the Orlando section of Soweto, Johannesburg’s 
sprawling satellite black township. 

Mrs. Mandela, whom the president divorced last year, 
saying she had had an affair with a young lawyer, appears to 
be cashing in on tourism to the tiny bouse she shared with 
her former husband when he was a young activist 

The report said around 100 people a day visited the four- 
room house, which is in the same neighborhood as the 
hones of former Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the veteran 
anti -apartheid campaigner, Walter Sisulu. (AFP) 

Fujimori Names Interior Chief 

LIMA — President Alberto Fujimori of Peru has named 
General Cesar Saucedo as interior minister after the resig- 
nation of Juan Briones, who acknowledged that security 
lapses allowed rebels to storm the Japanese ambassador’s 
home in Lima and hold 72 hostages since December. 

Mr. Briones and the police chief. Ketin Vidal, who also 

Afocc Fract-hsc 

NARCOTICS ARREST — The capture of Colom- 
bia’s most wanted drug trafficker. Justo Pastor 
Perafan, here with his former wife, Lina Adriana 
Ruiz, was reported by Venezuelan police, who said 
they tracked him down near the Colombia border. 

resigned Saturday, were facing mounting criticism over the 
failure by security services to prevent the assault by Tupac 
Amaru Movement guerrillas on Dec 1 7. 

“We recognize that there were security lapses in the 
takeover of the Japanese residence.” Mr. Briones said. 

General Saucedo previously served as commander of the 
second military district, which includes Lima. (Reuters) 

US. and Ecuador Warplanes Spar 

QUITO. Ecuador — U.S. officials have asserted that 
Ecuadoran Air Force fighters intercepted an American 
Navy plane and fired a warning shot, an incident that 
Ecuador said was a case of mistaken identity. 

The U.S. Embassy said Friday that a U.S. Navy P-3 Orion 
was intercepted by two Mirage fighter-bombers last Tues- 
day about 38 miles (60 kilometers) off the coast of Ecuador- 
One of the Ecuadoran planes fired a warning shot parallel to 
the flying direction of the U.S. aircraft, the embassy said. No 
one was hurt and the aircraft was not damaged, the embassy 

Defense Minister Ramiro Ricaurte implied Saturday that 
no warning shot had been fired. He said the Ecuadoran pilots 
followed standard procedure in intercepting what they saw 
as an unidentified aircraft and that both countries were 
taking steps to ensure the incident was not repeated. 

He saia that after the U.S. aircraft was identified, the two 
Ecuadoran planes returned to their base and the U.S. plane 
“continued its trip toward Panama.' * (AP) 

i Always, in versa 
Pacific and 
others: Abtsr. 




The modem version of the age-old “blood libel” was uttered on March 11, 1997 
in Geneva by the Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations 
Commission on Human Rights: 

the Israeli authorities have infected by injection 
300 Palestinian children with the HIV virus during 
the years of the Intifada. 

Ambassador Nabil Ramiawi 

The above was stated at a session before 500 people, including delegates of 53 
states. The Israelis and the United States protested this blatant lie. The European 
Community has done nothing. Neither the United Nations nor any of its Member 
States has denounced on the record this deplorable act nor have they ensured that 
the official record be amended appropriately. Furthermore, Mr. Ramiawi has not 
withdrawn this lie. 

The issues at stake are too grave to allow the matter to be swept quietly under the 

On the eve of Passover, the Anti-Defamation League calls for the Secretary 
General of the United Nations, the United Nations Commission on Human 
Rights, the Arab Nations, and the rest of the international community to speak out 
to correct the record and not let stand a vehicle for promoting anti-Semitism. 

David H. Strassler 

National Chairman 

Abraham H. Foxman 

National Director 

Anti-Defamation League, 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 * 

MONDAY APRIL 21, 1997 





Sribunc High Pay , Low Pay: Whafs the Rationale ? 


Fixing the World Bank 

There is no one, it seems, including 
the leadership of the World Bank, who 
does not think that it urgently needs 
reform. Some point to the very mixed 
record of foreign aid. A recent study 
from the World Bank itself notes that 
aid to governments that are following 
sound economic policies can be help- 
ful, but that aid to regimes going in the 
wrong direction is wasted — and too 
often the bank and other donors have 
poured money into the wrong regimes, 
for years and years. 

Moreover, thanks to the globaliz- 
ation of the economy, private invest- 
ment flows to developing countries are 
five times larger than World Bank and 
all other official development assist- 
ance. From the fact of this energized 
private market, there are some asking: 
Who even needs official help? 

The answer to this last question is: 
lots of countries. The private flows go 
overwhelmingly to a dozen or so coun- 
tries. mostly the fast-developing na- 
tions of Southeast Asia. Dozens more, 
in Africa and elsewhere, get almost 
none and still depend on official aid. 
Unfortunately, as the World Bank 
points out in an admirably candid self- 
portrait. it has not lived up to their 
needs. Not keeping up with the chan- 
ging world economy “has resulted, 
over lime, in a severe deterioration — 
indeed a crisis — in our effective- 

throughout the world, relieving pres- 
sure on the U.S. bilateral aid budget and 

sure on the U.S. bilateral aid budget and 
maximizing the impact of U.S. help. 


Major’s Surrender 

Surrendering; to a revolt by the iso- 
lationist. anti -Europe wing of his Con- 
servative Party, Prime Minister John 

Major seems prepared ro mm the re- 
maining two weeks of his faltering re- 
election campaign into a Europe-bash- 
ing crusade. That is regrettable. Mr. 
Major's centrist leadership on Europe 
and other issues was one of the Con- 
servatives" strongest selling points. 

Even though he is raising the rhet- 
oric against Europe, Mr. Major will 

find it hard to define sharp differences 
on Europe between the Conservative 

on Europe between the Conservative 
platform, which he still endorses, and 
that of Che front-running Labour Party, 
led by Tony Blair. On most questions 
affecting the degree of Britain's future 

economic and political integration into 
the European Union, the parties have 

staked out vimially identical, cautious 

Labour and the Conservatives both 
officially say they will await the results 
of future negotiations before deciding 
whether Britain will join the single 

European currency scheduled to be 
launched in 1999. Both parties are 

highly skeptical of any early British 
entry into the system, and both promise 
that any eventual entry would be sub- 
ject to a national referendum. 

Britain's most passionate battles 
over Europe generally take place with- 
in its main parties, not between them. 
The last time Labour was in power, two 
decades ago, it was bitterly divided 
into factions for and against continued 

British membership. Six years ago, 
rebel Conservatives voted Margaret 
Thatcher out of office after concluding 
that her unyielding anti-European fer- 
vor had become an electoral liability. 

The latest Conservative revolt comes 
from the opposite direction, from those 
hostile to integration with Europe. 
More than 200 Conservative candi- 
dates said they would ignore the party 
platform and vote in Parliament to stay 
out of the European currency under any 
circumstances, no matter what terms 
Mr. Major managed to negotiate. 

Unlike the tenacious Mrs. Thatcher, 
Mr. Major chose to yield rather titan 
fight He announced that the rebels 
would be free to vote against his own 
recommendations if they wanted to. 
Such a free vote is unusual in Britain’s 
parliamentary system. With a popular 
referendum on the issue promised any- 
way. his concession may have limited 
practical significance. But it badly un- 
dermines his leadership credentials. 

Mr. Major coveted his own back- 
pedaling by warning that crafty Euro- 
pean negotiators would somehow trick 
the diplomatically untested Mr. Blair 
into violating Labour’s pledges of cau- 
tion on European integration. Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl and President 
Jacques Chirac, he predicted, would 
“eat Mr. Blair for breakfast and digest 
him for lunch." At this point, however, 
it is only the Conservative isolationists 
who appear to be salivating. 


Meet the Dalai Lama 

The Dalai Lama is coming to Wash- 
ington this week and would like to talk 
to President Bill Clinton about what the 
United States can do to help ease 

united states can ao to neip ease 
China's tightening stranglehold on his 
country, Tibet. But. fearfu I of annoying 

c ountjy, Tibe t. B ut. fearfu I of annoying 
China. Mr. Clinton is reluctant to have 
a formal meeting with this worldwide 
symbol of peace and reconciliation. 

On Friday, the president met with 
Martin Lee. Hong Kong's leading de- 
mocracy activist. But he declined a full 
meeting and instead merely dropped 
into a meeting between Mr. Lee and 
Vice President A1 Gore. 

The Dalai Lama's spiritual leader- 
ship has prevented violence in Tibet. 
He does not call for Tibetan inde- 
pendence. as many want, bur merely 
autonomy. He would like the United 
States to take a more active role in 
promoting dialogue between him and 
the leaders in Beijing, a dialogue that 
the Clinton administration supports. 
He also would like the president to 
press Beijing to stop flooding Tibet 
with ethnic Chinese. 

Beijing is trying to dilute Tibetan 
opposition by paying people from oth- 
er regions extraordinarily high salaries 
and perks if they move there. Tibet’s 
major cities are now largely Chinese, 
and many Tibetans feel that their cul- 
ture is being drowned. 

President George Bush met with the 
Dalai Lama, but Mr. Clinton has only 
dropped into his meetings with others. 

After these drop-bys, photographs are 
not distributed until days later, which 
dampens news coverage. White House 
officials say the Dalai Lama will meet 
someone in the White House next 
week, but if it is the president it will 
likely be in a drop-by. 

Last month the White House de- 
clined to welcome Jos<? Ramos-Horia, 
an East Timor activist and Nobel Peace 
Prize winner, because it would have 
angered East Timor's occupier. In- 
donesia. Men like Mr. Ramos-Horta. 
Martin Lee and the Dalai Lama de- 
serve a bear hug from the president. 
The White House's timidity only en- 
courages China and Indonesia to con- 
tinue their bullying. 


Other Comment 

Get Away With Murder? 

After a three-year trial, a German 
court has accused Iran's top leaders of 
flagrantly violating international law. 
Something more than a symbolic wrist 
slap is required if law-abiding nations 
are to maintain their credibility. Iran's 
government stands accused of direct- 
ing political murders on German soil. 
If some significant retribution is not 
exacted. Tehran will only conclude 
that it can get away with murder. The 
ugly truth is it will be right. 

— Los Angeles Times. 

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KATHARINE P. D ARROW, l ice Chairman 

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Street Journal and Business 

By Richard Harwood 

year, superintendents earned, cm av- 
erage, $94,229. while teachers earned 
an average of $38,706. 

Hie picture is much the same in 
higher education, although there are 
exceptions in which employees earn 
considerably more than their superiors. 

ness.’ ’ the bank adraiis. Fully one-third 
of its projects end unsatisfactorily. 

Now, in what may prove the tank’s 
last chance, it has launched a program 
of radical “renewal." Given how 
many reorganizations the bank has 
been subjected to over the years, it is 
not surprising that there is skepticism 
among many. But the bank's president. 
James D. WoLfensohn. has pointed this 
reform in the right direction. 

He is seeking to move people and 
resources from Washington out ro the 
front lines. He wants more emphasis on 
health, education and rural develop- 
ment — the social services essential to 
economic growth. He has recognized 
die need to fight corruption and build 
legal and financial institutions — to 
help nations develop the conditions, in 
other words, that will attract those ever 
growing private investment flows. 

Whether this la/est reform succeeds 
will depend in large pan on whether the 
bank proves able to help nations that 
are pursuing reform — and walk away 
from corrupt regimes that are not. That 
success is far from sure. But the United 
States, the bank's largest contributor, is 
right to support the efforL A thriving 
World Bank can promote U.S. interests 

Week have published this month sur- 
veys of the compensation received by 
top executives of 350 of America’s 
biggest corporations. The median com- 
pensation of these executives was 
$2,375 million, about 60 times greater 
than the median family income of 
$40,000 in the United States. 

Wage and salary inequalities are 
common in America, even among cor- 
porate executives. Sanford Weill of the 
T revelers Group was paid S94 million in 
1996; other corporate chieftains settled 
for considerably less than a million. 

Capitalist theory bolds that the “in- 
visible hand" of the marketplace de- 
termines these outcomes — supply, de- 
mand, competition. Perhaps thar is true. 
But it is obvious that a lot of orher social 
and cultural factors are at work here. 

The president of the United States 
presumably holds the most demanding 
office in the land. He is paid S200.000 a 
year. The convicted felon Mike Tyson 
is a boxer, of whom there axe many and 
whose line of work has no particular 

idem of Tuskegee Institute $11,569. 
The Aerosmith rock music group 
signed an S84 million recording deal. 

Philip Knight, president of Nike, 
earned SI. 8 million last year. But that 

has to preside over “Monday M 
Football” Somebody has to write 
those sitcoms and dramas. 

So Michael Cncbton earned $59 
million in the past two years from 
and the television senes ER- 
and home sound systems created sec- 



Cornell paid its presdent $ 1 65,000 (in- andhora ^ wd 

was peanuts compared with the sums eluding benefits) in 1995, but paid five ondary niaifcetw mfl( j e 

Mr. Knight and Nike paid to various professors in its medical school salaries films into every &o 

athletes for endorsements. Tieer ranging from $1 million to $1.8 mil- and country music stars - 


athletes for endorsements. Tiger 
Woods got a $40 million endorsement 
contract even before the Masters golf 
tournament. Endorsements and a 
Chicago Bulls paycheck will bring Mi- 
chael Jordan an estimated $100 million 
this year, on top of the $224 J million 
be earned from 1990 through 1996. 

Why is that the case? Is the invisible 
hand at work here ? 

ranging tram M million to 91. o mil- 
lion. That is also the situation at 
Colum-bia University and at Geor- 
getown, where the president's salary of 
$318,000 was exceeded by those of 
five medical school teachers. 

The occupations in which nmlti m il- 
lion-dollar incomes have become most 

People who populate the news me- 
dia. in which income disparities are 
often discussed, know the subject from 
personal experience. Television news 
pays national stars millions of dollap, 
but those seeking their fortunes m tele- 
vision or radio news would do well to 

ue earned irom tsw mrougn two. uon-aouar incomes nave - -7. «uiarv 

Why is that the case? Is the invisible commonplace are professional sports look at the fine print. t-i-vkion 

hand at work here ? and the krerminnient industry. In the of news agtajm 

In some occupations there is a lot of past five years, Forbes magazine reports, markets is %,>_ 

leveling — in the military, for example, the heavyweight fighter Evander Holy- markets it is $90;W)0. 
and government in general, which era- field earned $177.8 million. Arnold anes are lower. The mechan ^ 
nlnv«?n million nennle-Cahinet mem- Palmer $82.4 million. Shaouflle O’Neal anchors in major markets ^ 


- *■ > A 

significance to the fate or enrichment 
of humankind. He was paid S75 million 

ofhumankind. He was paid S75 million 
last year for less than three hours of 
mediocre work in the ring. 

It is widely believed, with good rea- 
son. that a society's future prosperity 
and well-being depend on the educa- 
tion of its citizens. This is not reflected 
in the compensation tables. The pres- 
ident of Harvard University was paid 
$250,000 in 1995. the average college 
professor about $50,000 and the pres- 

ploys 20 million people. Cabinet mem- 
bers and the top ranks of the federal 
bureaucracy are paid only marginally 
less than the president. 

And the gulf between the president's 
pay and the average federal salary 
($40,000 plus In 1995) is not mon- 
strous. The same is true of state and 
load governments; with overtime, big- 
city police officers and sanitation 
workers are known to have earned up to 
5100,000, putting them on a par with 
some mayors and governors. 

Education is another field in which 
income disparities exist but are fax less 
exaggerated than in the corporate 
world. In public school systems last 

Palmer $82.4 million, ShaquQle O'Neal 
$782 million, Andre Agassi $74.8 mil- 
lion, Jack Nicklaus $74.6 million. 

As for entertainment, Oprah Winfrey 
earned $97 milli cm in 2996. Steven 
Spielberg earned $150 million for two 

years’ work. The Beatles in the past two 
years have earned $130 million, Michael 

Jack son $90 million, the Rolling Stones 
$77 milli on, Arnold Schwarzenegger 
$74 milli on, Jim Carrey $63 million. 

Technology has a lot to do with this. 
The advent of television created mass 
markets for athletes, entertainers and 
the corporate advertisers who pay the 
bills. It created a great demand for other 
laborers in that vineyard. Somebody 

and in small markets $13,000. 

The newspaper business is much fee 
same. The salaries of editors in 1996 
ranged from $16,500 in a small town to 
$432,419 in a big city, a sum 10 tunes 
greater rtwn the average family income 
and 25. rimes greater than for rookie 
reporters on small newspapers. 

An odd thing about fee tremendous 
inequalities in income and wealth is 
that two-thirds of the American people, 
gening by on very modest incomes 
relative to the several million million- 
aires among os, declare fern they are 
living the “American dream." 

The Washington Post. 

itfornt 1 ' 

|efei’l <,r 


Lott’s Choice: It’s Henry Cabot Lodge or Arthur Vandenberg 

week the Senate decides 

By Stanley A. Weiss 

whether fee United States con- 
tinues to lead fee free world. If 
fee Chemical Weapons Con- 
vention is voted down, there 
will not be a multinational 
agreement on nuclear or bio- 
logical weapons for years. 

The debate on fee conven- 
tion, which bans production and 
of chemical weapons, is not 
about U.S. chemical weapons. 
In an act of unilateral disarm- 
ament. fee United States began 
destroying its entire stockpile 
under a 1985 law signed by 
President Ronald Reagan. 

The Chemical Weapons Con- 
vention will simply make it an 
international crime for those na- 
tions who do not follow Amer- 
ica's lead. The significance of 
the treaty is as a model for put- 

; teeth into existing biological 
nuclear weapons agree - 
its that presently have little 

men ts that presently have linle 
or no enforcement regimes. 

But the overriding impor- 
tance of the convention is fee 
choice it represents: Will the 
United States continue to enter 
into multilateral agreements, or 
take the position of going it 
alone in its dealings wife friend 
and foe alike? If extremists take 
over fee Republican Party, and 
fee Chemical Weapons Con- 
vention is not ratified, are 
NATO, fee World Trade Or- 
ganization, the World Bank, and 
the United Nations far behind? 

The last time the Senate re- 
jected a treaty that had such a 
far-reaching effect on Americ- 
an foreign policy was in fee 

aftermath of World War L In 
1920, fee Treaty of Versailles, 
wife its League of Nations Cov- 
enant, was voted down when 

coalition was fee 
Plan. That recovery 

Republican Senator Henry 
Cabot Lodge set conditions that 

Cabot Lodge set conditions that 
Democratic President Wood- 
row Wilson felt he could not 
accept Isolationism triumphed, 
and America turned inward. 

It was not until after World 
War II that the United States 
charted a new course that would 
determine American foreign 
policy for the next half century. 
Republican Arthur Vandenberg, 
chairman of the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee, put aside 
his isolationism to make com- 
mon cause with Democratic 
President Harry Truman. The 
defining moment for their bi- 

The United Stales had never ap- 
peared so great or so generous. 

Now, once again after a war 
(this time fee Cold War), Amer- 
ica is at a crossroads. Will it 
return to fee extremist policies 
it followed after the World War 
I or demonstrate the generosity 
of spirit feat animated Amer- 
ican foreign policy after World 
War II and contained and then 
defeated fee Soviet Union? 

The chemical convention 
presents such a choice. 

All 45 Senate Democrats and 
many Republicans support it, 
but are probably not enough for 
fee 67 votes required for pas- 
sage. Those Republicans sitting 
on fee fence are waiting for a 
clear signal from their majority 

leader, Trent Lon. He has the. r 
burden of choosing sides in this* 
battle for fee soul of the Re- 
publican Patty. 

The treaty is not a favor to , ' 
{’resident Bill Clinton or fee. 
Democrats. It is a key security- 
instrument for the American, 
people and a signal to the rest of 
fee world. If he follows in the, 
tradition of Arthur Vandenberg 
and every Republican president ; 1 
since Dwight Eisenhower, Seen 
ator Lott will usher in a new era 
in American leadership and co- 
operation among free nations. ' 

The writer is founder and 
chairman of Business Execu- 
tives for National Security, an 
organisation of US. business 
leaders. He contributed this . 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. • 


ASEAN Shouldn’t Admit Cambodia, Laos and Burma Now 

H ONG KONG — The situ- 
ation in Cambodia has be- 

XXation in Cambodia has be- 
come so unstable that it could 
provide a plausible reason for 
fee Association of South East 
Asian Nations to delay entry of 
Cambodia, Laos and Burma. 

ASEAN could do the right 
thing without appearing to back 
down in fee face of Western 
pressure not to admit Burma 
while its human rights record 
remains abysmal and Daw 
Aung San Suu Kyi is excluded 
from fee political process. 

It is not necessary to have 

By Philip Bowring 

views on the outcome of the 
present struggle between Hun 
Sen and Prince Norodom 
Ranariddh, fee divisions within 
fee royalist party or the post- 
Sihanouk role of fee monarchy, 
to acknowledge feat Cambod- 
ian politics is likely to remain 
unstable and spasmodically vi- 
olent at least in fee short term. 

The Cambodian issue, like 
that of Burma, should cause 
ASEAN members to ask: What 
is fee goal of fee organization? 

It may be better for the group to 
travel hopefully than to arrive 
too soon at the point where it 
encompasses all 10 of fee re- 
gion’s states but loses sight of 
its original objective. 

Membership of all is fee goal, 
but it should not be an end in 
itself. ASEAN is not like the 
European Union, wife detailed 
rules, but its strength hitherto 
has been an uncon trovers ial 
common identity. 

There is a more important 

Too Busy to Help the President 

have been other snubs 

By Maureen Dowd 

of historic proportion. There 
was the time the wife of May- 
or Ralph Perk of Cleveland 
turned down an invitation to a 
Nixon White House dinner 
because it was her bowling 
night. Still, as snubs go. this 
one was pretty impressive. 

The leader ’of fee free w orld 
offered ro send an Air Force 
plane to pick up Tiger Woods 
so he could come to Shea Sta- 
dium to honor Jackie Robin- 
son, the most important Afric- 
an-American athlete in his- 
tory. It would have been an 
amazing moment: the new le- 
gend who effortlessly broke a 
color line in golf taking a mo- 
ment to genuflect to fee old 
legend who courageously 
broke the color line in baseball 
— 50 years earlier. 

Bui the 21 -year-old who is 
often described as the Jackie 
Robinson of golf blew off 
Jackie Robinson — and the 
Fan in Chief. He had more 
pressing matters, following 
his dazzling Masters triumph. 

On Monday he flew to 
Myrtle Beach. South Caro- 
lina, and Atlantic City to snip 
ribbons at the openings of Of- 
ficial All-Star Cafes, which he 
owns with other sports stars. 

He also had to powwow 
with his agent, Hughes Norton 
of IMG Sports Marketing, 
about a cascade of sponsor- 
ship offers that could go 
nicely with his S60 million 
Nike and Titieist deals and his 
plans for Tiger Woods 
watches, sportswear, golf 
clubs and autobiography. 

On Tuesday he took off for 
a vacation in Mexico with a 
few old Stanford buddies. 

“There's no bigger hero to 
anybody than Jackie Robinson 

is to Tiger Woods," says Mr. 
Norton, speaking from his cell 
phone in Cleveland. “But the 
president's request would have 
required Tiger being in Mex- 
ico on Wednesday noon in- 
stead of Tuesday morning." 

Instead of going to the 
Trump Taj Mahal Casino Re- 
sort in Atlantic City to open 
his cafe and hang out with 
Whoopi Goldberg and Luke 
Perry, Mr. Woods could have 
hung out with his fans at An- 
dries Hudde Junior High 
School in Flatbush. where the 
president stopped on fee way 
to Shea Stadium. 

John Feinstein, who wrote 
“A Good Walk Spoiled: Days 
and Nights on the PGA 
Tour." and who refers to IMG 
as "I Am Greedy," thought 
Mr. Woods's decision not to 
go sullied fee elegance of his 
Masters tribute to older black 
players. “I guess he feels, 
wife some justification, that 
right now he’s bulletproof.” 

GQ magazine wrote that the 
selling of Tiger Woods by 
IMG and his father has been 
offensively messianic. At 
first. Tiger emphasized his 
multiracial background. But 
then his management team 
and Nike derided to push him 
as a healer who could change 
the world, "a racial pioneer 
along the lines of Jackie 
Robinson. Muhammad Ali 
and Arthur Ashe." 

It is perplexing why a 
young man with such a long 
“shelf life." as his agent puts 
it. could not have paused on 
the merchandising mania for a 
couple of days. After all, he 
says he is eager to be a role 
model. But on second thought. 

by putting himself ahead of 
history, he is a role model for 
what our society cares about. 

President Bill Clinton 
brought this on himself. He has 
done the political equivalent of 
an athlete plastering himself 
with sponsorship logos. He 
has tirelessly marketed fee 
presidency and piggybacked 
on fee aura of Olympians and 
celebrity athletes. 

Mr. Woods probably sees 
the president as just one more 
person trying to cash in. Mr. 
Norton said that when Mr. 
Clinton was on his Australian 
tour last December, Mr. 
Woods got several calls from 
fee White House asking if he 
would consider playing a 
round of golf with fee pres- 
ident But before final ar- 
rangements were made, Mr. 
Clinton showed up on the 
links with Greg Norman. 

“Tiger found it a little curi- 
ous that he wasn't important 
enough to be wife the pres- 
ident until he won the Mas- 
ters," Mr. Norton said. 

Wife one swat at a president 
who is a lame duck, a grand 
jury magnet and a groupie, Mr. 
Woods made clear who ts fee 
more valuable commodity. 

“We talked about the pros 
and cons, hey, this will be 
perceived as snubbing the 
president when the president 
calls most people drop 
everything, blah, blah, blah.' 1 
Mr. Norton said. “But this is 
really a tribute to Tiger 
Woods's single-mindedness 
and individuality that he was 
able to say. ’Hey, this is 
something that's been sched- 
uled for a long time,'” 

These two guys should get 
together on the green. They 
have a lot in common. 

The New York Times. 

agenda than size. First, that 
ASEAN speak wife authority 
and respect in dealings wife fee 
outside world, notably fee 
United Stares. European Union 
and China. Second, dial its bold 
efforts to achieve closer eco- 
nomic integration, primarily 
through fee ambitious ASEAN 
Free Trade Area, not be slowed. 

The entry of Vietnam has 
been difficult enough for 
ASEAN. The economic and 
political structure of a still Com- 
munist state sits uneasily with 
the traditionally open economies 
of the original members. AS- 
EAN has also been weakened by 
its reluctance to support Viet- 
nam in its problems with China’s 
South China Sea claims, even 
though several members face the 
same challenges. 

Vietnam has a stable govern- 
ment, accorded respect by fee 
outside world. Neither Burma or 
Cambodia can claim that. Then- 
admission now would weaken 
fee organization ’s voice in deal- 
ings wife fee West 

ASEAN strength has rested 
on fee stability of most of its 
members’ political systems. The 
new three, Burma in particular, 
would exacerbate the problems 
of economic integration. Laos 
and Cambodia are small enough 
to be easily integrated, but pop- 
ulous Burma will be very dif- 
ficult until its internal politics 
and economic structures have 
changed radically. 

Burma is fee first case in 
which ASEAN membership is a 

matter of serious and popular-, 
contention within other mem-- 
bers. Not only is Daw Aung Sari 
Suu Kyi opposed to memboship 1 
while fee present regime rules, 
so are many in fee Philippines.* 

. • V ■ 

rtw* .twu it. vt* 

r mt'tA 'If ,1 

Iff i* 




ition groups in Malaysia, £ - 
sia and Thailand have ex-* ' , 

Indonesia and Thailand have ex-* r , 
pressed similar views. * 

It can be argued feat doings 
business with fee Rangoon re- : - 
gime is one way to change it. So' 
far fee biggest business has 
been in drugs, fee main source_ 
of capital in Burma. But as-" 
suming feat more reputable rrn 

business can also prosper, feosel [|! 

relationships can be developed 
mi a bilateral basis. ASEAN 
membership can wait until busi- v " 

ness relationships have borne 
sufficient economic fruit 

This is no time for ASEAN to 
squander its energies and in-. 
fluence on an undeserving Bur- ■ 
mese junta. ASEAN has an ur-' L- 
gent and important role in in- 
fluencing the West in its attitude 1 f 1 

to China, as well as in better 
defining its own relations wifen v ;~^ 
China. It has an important eco-1 ' 
nomic agenda wife Europe. 

Also, some members face great-. ^ 
er domestic political or econom- 1 ,> 

ic uncertainties than has beeri ; 1 
the case for at least a decade. • 

Burmese membership would* >'■: 
undermine ASEAN’s internal, 
unity and external respect. The [ r -> 
Cambodian mess provides fee.’ 
association wife an emportunity 1 ^ 
to follow a policy defined by its. > 

own interests. 

International Herald Tribune. ' "‘i 


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1897: Spoken En glish 

PARIS — [The Herald says in 
an Editorial:] The Review of Re- 
views suggests fee creation erf 
an “English Academy," on fee 

same hoes as the Acacfame 
Francaise as one of the means of 
celebrating the coming D iamo nd 
Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen 
Victoria. The idea is to mitigate 
the great difficulty which Eng- 
lish-speaking people find in sat- 
isfying themselyes regarding the 
correct pronunciation of certain 
words erf their own langu a ge A 
German professor sai£ “ling- 
lish should be the language of 
the future if the pronunciation 
could only be made rational or 
even uniform.” 

step would be desirable, as the ■ 
League of Nations could not* If 
bring about fee reign of peace- ' 
until Russia and Germany,' 
which make up half of Europe* 
form part of an international ■' 

organisation expressly created.' 
to mai n tain general peace. ' '• ^7. 

*;r J&aft.; 
•::y; OtatVfc 

1947: BanonHngs? ! 

1922: Peace League 

GENOA — In his speech to-day 
[April 20], Mr. Lloyd George 
said, discussing fee admission 

of Germany and Russia into fee 
League of Nations, thar such a 

MEXICO CITY — Hugs and 
kisses between incoming air' 
travelers and local friends at* 
Mexico City’s Central Airport' 
wifl not be permitted under a 
dsotee studied by fee. De-‘ 
Pf^ment of Civil Aeronautics^ 
The _ department said it was' 
considering adoption of a 
policy already in force in 1 
London refusing air passengers’ 
fee right of an embrace before- 
mey pass through customs. The’ 
department said British au- 
thorities had found many per-' 
sons were using the embrace to 
exchange contraband to avoid 
payment of duties. 


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By Chris Hedges 

_1 • New York Times Service ■ • 

; TRIESTE, Italy — The cavernous pits and 
go*ses scattered throughout the hills above this 
5?* secrets from the twilight days 
pf Worid War n. secrets that still disnrtltaly and 
its Balkan neighbors. 

• The pits, covered with tons of debris, are 
believed to hold hundreds, perhaps flwwyp i nds. of 
corpses. Hie bodies are those of Italian* w 
Yugoslavs who opposed die Yugoslav Com- 
• munist takeover of the city in May 1945, along 
- %ynth scores of captured Germans. Bui attempts to 
investigate have gone nowhere. 

. 4 'fr *s impossible to consider exhuming the 
bodies,” said a University of Trieste historian, 
Gianpaolo ValdeviL * ‘It’s just too controversial, 
too painful. This is a chapter of the war people in 
<- the city are not ready to reopen. There are only a 
few of ns ready to investigate this dispassion- 

! Members of the Slav minority in Trieste, who 

of Wartime Atrocities That Still Haunt Italian Port 

often deny that the killings took place, and the old 
Italian Communists who see the massacres as an 
embarrassment, have been able to block any 
investigation^ The Italian right, which says that 

20.000 Italians were killed here — a figure most 
scholars call greatly inflated — is reluctant to see 
its figures dismissed'by any exhumations. 

In May 1945, Tito's Communist Partisans in 
Yugoslavia, after a bitter guerrilla war against the 
German and Croatian fascists, pursued the re- 
treating forces toward Italy. The Partisan army 
seized the Istrian Peninsula, in the southern Ad- 
riatic, and raced on toward Trieste. 

Their 40-day occupation of Trieste and hunt 
for Ger man soldiers, Italian and Croatian fascists 
and suspected opponents of communism nearly 
led to a clash with Allied forces. In June, the 
Yugoslavs withdrew to the hinterlands. 

For the next nine years, Trieste was under a 
British and U.S. military government. It was 
handed back to Italy in 1954. Today, the city has 

230.000 people, many of them from Italian fam- 
ilies who were forced out of Yugoslavia after the 

war. The Italian rightist National Alliance party, 
which received 24 percent of the vote in Trieste's 
last elections, cites the massacres and the ex- 
pulsions as a way to fan sentiment against the 
city's ethnic Slav minority, who make up about 
30 percent of the population. 

Most of them. Slovene-speaking Italians, 
teach their children in local Slovene schools 
about die fascist repression, when tbeir language 
was banned and Slavs were nureed from eov- 

lavs were purged from gov- 

ernment jobs. Samo Pahor, a prominent Slovene 
here, said, ‘'The stories about the Partisan mas- 
sacres of Italians are not true.” 

Trieste in May 1945 was a chaotic city filled 
with cornered German, Croatian and Italian sol- 
diers who continued to fight despite Italy's ca- 
pitulation in 1943. Scores or accused fascists were 
paraded daily by die Partisans through die cobble- 
stone streets to Yugoslav military courts. Most 
were quickly condemned to death and shot, or 
thrown alive into gorges and pits around die city. 

Many Slovenes in Trieste at the time, ecstatic 
at the downfall of Italian fascism, greeted the 

Partisans as liberators and assisted in manhunts 
by the Yugoslav secret police. 

During the occupation, at least 3.500 residents 
of Trieste, along with an unknown number of 
Yugoslavs. Italians and Germans who washed up 
there, were killed and thrown into the fissures, or 
foibes, of the Carso mountain range, the eastern 
end of the Italian Alps. 

Thousands more were deported, and many 
perished in Yugoslav detention camps, according 
to allied officers and historians who investigated 
the killings. 

A secret British-U.S. intelligence report of 
September 1 945, made public a few years ago. is 
filled with accounts by witnesses to Partisan 

A Roman Carbolic priesi, Don Sceck. told the 
investigators that a group of 150 fascists were 
swiftly sentenced and then mowed down by 
Partisan troops with machine guns on May 2. 
1945, in Basovizza. a small Slovene-speaking 
village just outside Trieste. The corpses, he said, 
were thrown into the huge Basovizza foibe, now 

a memorial to the victims. The next day he saw a 
group of about 250 prisoners at the mouth of the 
Basovizza pit. 

“These persons were questioned and tried in 
the presence of all the populace, who accused 
them,” the priest said in the report. “The accused 
persons were butted and struck, and always ad- 
mined the crimes ascribed to them.” 

When Tito broke with the Soviet Union in 
1948, the Western allies, no longer wishing to 
antagonize Belgrade, did not press the Yugoslavs 
about the killings. 

A treaty signed between Italy and Yugoslavia 
more than 20 years ago to settle territorial and 
property disputes was never fully carried oul But 
Croatia and Slovenia have recently agreed to pay 
tbeir share of Yugoslavia's restitution for lost 
Italian property. 

But there is a new move, led by Giuseppe 
Pititto. a prosecutor in Rome, to charge 40 
people, 3 of whom are prominent Partisan of- 
ficials who live in Croaua. The move has been 
denounced by many Slovenes and Croats. 


Seoul Worries 
Presence of 
i Top Defector 
May End Talks 


SEOUL — South Korea said Sunday 
that it hoped the arrival here of the North 
Korean defector Hwang Jang Yop would 
not derail prospects for Pyongyang’s 
agreement to peace talks with the South. 

“We hope his arrival here will not 
affect the ongoing talks in New York,” 
the South Korean Foreign Mmistiy 
spokesman. Kwon Tae Myon, said “We 
will sit down oh Monday and wail.” 

Mr. Kwon said the U.S. side appeared 
% upset by North Korea's failure to show 
up Saturday for a scheduled meeting in 
New York and its repeated failure to 
indicate whether it would accept the 
peace talks proposal. 

“It’s too early to predict winch way 
North Korea will go,” he said. “We still 
hope North Korea will give us an answer 
on Monday." 

He said South Korea would attend a 
meeting with senior North Korean and 
U.S. diplomats on Monday in New 

For the second straight day. North 
Korea failed Saturday to resume sched- 
uled discussions aimed at hearing Py- 
ongyang’s formal response to the year- 
old U.S.-South Korean proposal for 

IRAN: U.S. Treads Water as Tehran Girds 

Continued from Page 1 

security advisers, write, "U.S. Persian 
Gulf policy is at an impasse.” 

Iran has not developed into the ex- 
pansionist regional threat that succes- 
sive administrations predicted. Since the 
end of the Iran -Iraq War nine years ago. 
Tehran’s effort to rebuild its military and 
develop a nuclear weapon has been un- 
even. According to U.S. intelligence es- 
timates, Iran probably spends less than 
SI billion a year on its military — less 
than half of what it announced in 1992 
that it would spend. 

But according to U.S. intelligence of- 

stayed small and contained,'' a senior 
military planner said. “But as Iran's 
navy builds up, as their exercises get 
bigger, as we enforce things like sanc- 
tions, there's more potential for col- 
lisions and we're bound to find the 
spaces are too small.” 

During 10 days of land, sea and air 
war games in the Gulf and the Gulf of 
Oman in November. Iran for the first 
time successfully test-fired a Chinese- 
made anti-ship missile with a range of 
1 00 kilometers (60 miles) from one of its 
Chinese patrol boats. The missiles. C- 
802s, give Iran a “360-degree threat 
which can come at you from basically 


RESCUING MAIDS OF THE MIST — A crane being readied Sunday to lift tour boats from ice along the 
shore of the Niagara River in Canada. They were pushed from winter moorings by ice up to 100-feet high. 

FRANCE: Chirac Is Expected to Call Elections Before Summer 

uled discussions aimed at hearing Py- Continued from Page 1 could get even worse next winter and turn 

ongyang’s formal response to the year- an election campaign next spring into a 

old U.S.-South Korean proposal for owned by the government and part of Air referendum against not only him and his 
four-nation peace talks, which would France, and the movement has spread to mime minister, but also against closer 
include China. the privately held lines TAT and Air European union. 

some conventional military buildup has 
been of its navy, which has greatly ex- 
panded its capability in the last decade. 

“The navy has received priority 
across the board," said a senior 
Pentagon official. 

That has coincided with the deploy- 
ment of an extraordinary U.S. military 
presence, including a carrier task force 
and a total of about three dozen vessels in 
and around the Gulf. Their mission is to 
enforce economic sanctions against Iraq, 
to protect the dozens of U.S. and 
joc itwei/Rcacn European planes patrolling a flight-ex- 
o lift tour boats from ice along the elusion zone over southern Iraq every day 

ooziugs by ice up to 109-feet high. and to keep open die sea-lanes that allow 

• much of the world's oil to be shipped. 
Iran makes no secret of the fact that it 
n p ct considers itself the predominant force in 

0115 tsejore oummer the Gulf and the United States an un- 
** welcome invader. Its navy has the ability 

of 361 of the 577 parliamentary seals if to threaten or even briefly stop shipping 

finals, Iran's most visible and worn- anywhere at sea in the Persian Gulf or 

include China. the priv 

North Korean officials, saying they Libcate. 

le minister, but also against closer 
pean union. 

the election were held now. 

Those soundings, according to the 
daily Liberation, which published them, 
predicted considerable gains for the So- 

of oil out of the Gulf. Its Scud missiles 
are capable of hitting the administrative 
headquarters of the 5th Fleet in Bahrain. 

out in the Gulf of Oman,” Admiral Scott 
Redd, the former commander of the U.S. 
5th Fleet, said last year. 

Iran has also begun to acquire the 
land-based version of C-802 missiles 
and is believed to be developing two 
sites between Bu shire and Bandar Abbas 
to store these and other missiles. 
Pentagon officials said. 

Also. U.S. intelligence officials say 
they believe thar Iran has acquired a 
small number of rocket-propelled deep- 
water mines that can surface quickly. 
This development is worrisome, as the 
mines make any area in the Gulf a po- 
tential Iranian target 

As the Clinton administration 
struggles with its policy, it has yet to 
decide whether to try a new initiative 
with its allies after the April 10 ruling 
against Iran in Germany, senior admin- 
istration officials said. 

“We are obviously looking at the 
Mykonos verdict and what we want to do 
with the Europeans.” a White House 

which has tightened security in light of official said, 


official said, referring to the restaurant in 
Berlin where the assassination of the 
Iranian opposition figures took place. 
"We are in the midst of formulating what 
we want to do. What we need to see from 
the Europeans is some tangible actions 
and not just diplomatic folderol.” 

As for possible Iranian involvement 
in the Saudi Arabia bombing, some U.S. 
intelligence officials and military plan- 
ners express doubt there will ever be 
clear-cut proof. But if such proof was 
found, there would be extraordinaiy 
pressure on President Bill Clinton to 
retaliate militarily, a senior White House 
official said. 

There is little appetite among Amer- 
ican military commanders for a sym- 
bolic strike thai would have little mil- 
itary impact on Iran. 

“We certainly could do something 
like that militarily.” a senior Pentagon 
official said. “I'm not sure what it would 
accomplish. Iran would almost certainly 
respond and it could start a cycle of 

■ Evidence Is ‘Incomplete" 

The evidence is "incomplete” that 
Iranian officials had been involved in the 
bombing of the U.S. military compound 
in Saudi Arabia last year, Reuters re- 
ported Sunday from Washington, quot- 
ing Defense Secretary William Cohen. 

“So far, the evidence is incomplete.” 
Mr. Cohen said on NBCtelevision. 

“There is no conclusive evidence so 
far,” he said. 

Asked if the United States would take 
action against Iran, he said “If we did 
confirm it, we have an array of op- 

_ _ Liberte. From now until next spring, according cialists, Communists and other parties recent intelligence reports of a terrorist 

N 1 were awaiting directions from Pyongy- , Now track and bus drivers, who to this scenario, the conservative ma~ now in the opposition — but not enough plan to attack U.S. forces there. 

ang, proposed holding another meeting clogged roads at the end of last year, jority in Parliament could well lose to form a government. In October, the U.S. cruiser Gettys- 

* ' Monday. threaten to do so again because the ground steadily. Mr. Chirac could then Nobody gave Mr. Jospin a chance of burg was supporting a routine exercise in 

The four-nation talks axe aimed at promises of retirement at age 55 that find himself squared off against Mr. 

securing a lasting peace to replace die 
truce agreement that halted the 1950-53 

they won then have not been kept. 

The latest public opinion poll, pub- 

Korean War but left the two Koreas lished Sunday in the Journal du Di- 
technically at war. manche, shows 56 percent of the voting- 

The top U.S. envoy to toe talks re- age population dissatisfied with Mr. 
turned to Washington after Pyongyang’s Chirac and 61 percent unhappy with Mr. 

turned to Washington after Pyongyang’s 
t emissaries twice failed to show up. 

" F\nnn«if A W QfotA 

Juppe. Only 31 percent were pleased 

Deputy Assistant Secretaiy of State with Mr. Chirac and 27 percent with the 
(Carles Kartman left a few aides behind prime minister, with toe rest undecided, 
in New York to consult with the North a picture that has notchanged broadly in 
Koreans on toe possibility of a meeting, more than a year. 

Monday, a UJS. official said. 

(AFP, Reuters) 

With the public already in such a sullen 
mood, aides say, Mr. Chirac fears things 

Jospin as prime minister. The Socialist 
has been sharply critical of French social 
sacrifices in the name of European mon- 
etary union. 

So Mr. Juppe, apparently backed by 
some of Mr. Chirac’s top aides, began 
urging him to call an election this spring 
to cut the majority’s losses now. 

Their advice was buttressed, accord- 
ing to French newspaper reports, by 
private polls taken for toe Interior Min- 
istry last month that showed that the 
conservatives could hold onto a majority 

winning the 1995 presidential election 
against Mr. Chirac either, but Mr. Jospin 
outpolled him in the first round, and the 
French stock markets tumbled Friday in 
anticipation of uncertainty. 

Fear of gains by the extreme-right 
National Front in electoral districts 
where there is tension between French 
votes and immigrant populations could 
also strengthen leftist candidates in toe 
second round of the legislative elections, 
which French newspaper reports say 
would be held May 25 and June 1 or June 
1 and June 8. 

the Gulf when the Byandor, an Iranian 
patrol boat, made an unexpected turn 
and hit it No Americans were injured; 
toe damage to the Gettysburg was minor, 
and toe Iranian boat quickly withdrew. 

But the incident was only one of sev- 
eral dose encounters in the last few 
months. It gave a reminder of the po- 
tential for conflict when two navies with 
vastly different military missions and 
governments that do not talk to each 
other are crowded into such a small, 
highly strategic body of water. 

“So far the confrontations have 

DEFECTOR: In Seoul at Last, Top North Korean Ideologue Warns That Pyongyang Is Close to Starting War 

“A country that bragged about having 
established a socialist paradise has 
turned into a country that begs.” 

He added, “It rejects talks with South 

Continued from Page 1 Asia say Pyongyang has apparently “A country that bragged about having on toe peninsula, have not wanted to 

turned to selling drugs, arms arid coun- established a socialist paradise has unnecessarily upset Pyongyang, 
even execution because of his defec- terfeit money to raise desperately turned into a country that begs.” Mr. Hwang’s defection also posed a 

lion. needed cash. Observers question wheth- He added, “It rejects talks with South dilemma for China, which had to choose 

“Even if I combine everybody I er President Kim Jong Uhas control over Korea and it is pursuing military con- between the wishes of its old communist 
love,” Mr. Hwang said, he could not his nation, and, more distressingly, over frontation.” ally in Pyongyang, which originally de- 

compare them “.with the destiny and' the million-man army concentrated Seoul officials have tried to be pub- manded Mr. Hwang’s return, and its new 
lives of 70 million of my people.” He along toe demilitarized zone that splits iicly restrained in tbeir satisfaction over economic partner in Seoul, which asked 
was referring to the combined popu- the Korean Peninsula, the world's most Mr. Hwang’s defection, fearing that for permission to bring him to South 
lations of North and South Korea. heavily fortified border. gloating would only further provoke on- Korea. In the end, China allowed Mr. 

He added, * ‘The only exit for me was Many worry that North Korean lead- predictable Pyongyang, which has re- Hwang to leave but insisted that he spend 
A\o cooperate with my brothers in toe era may see a desperate military attack acted angrily and threatened reprisals at least a month in a third country to ease 
*•* South and prevent a war.” on South Korea as the only chance to over toe defection. the embarrassment for North Korea. 

on toe peninsula, have not wanted to 
unnecessarily upset Pyongyang. 

Mr. Hwang's defection also posed a 
dilemma for China, which had to choose 
between toe wishes of its old communist 
ally in Pyongyang, which originally de- 
manded Mr. Hwang's return, and its new 

South and prevent a war. 

Mr. Hwang’s arrival was carried, live 
on all major South Korean television 
networks, which replayed the scene of 

save their rule. Mr. Hwang’s statements 
Sunday only heightened such fears. 

“It is a distorted regime,” said Mr. 

U.S. officials have barely spoken 
about the case, calling it a matte for toe 
two Koreas and China to work out. The 

Mr. Hwang raising his hands and fedora Hwang, who taught communist theory to officials, who are hoping to draw North Sunday. 

Korea. In the end, China allowed Mr. 
Hwang to leave but insisted that he spend 
at least a month in a third country to ease 
the embarrassment for North Korea. 

Mr. Hwang was flown to the Phil- 
ippines on March 1 8, where he remained 
in hiding under heavy security until 

hat and shouting , ' * Man re!” — Korean 
for “Hooray!"The television news car- 
ried photos of families gathered around 
TV sets cheering his arrival at toe air 
base, where families of previous de- 
fectors presented him with large bou- 
quets of flowers. 

Elaborate security steps were taken to 

prevent North Korean agents from as- 
sassinating Mr. Hwang, a member of the 
North Korean inner circle who can pre- 
sumably provide potentially devastating 

President Kim when be was a student Korea into peace talks to ease tensions Privately, some South Korean offi- 

cials expressed delight that Mr. Hwang's 
two-month odyssey had finally brought 
him to Seoul. One senior Seoul official 
called it a “victory" for South Korea 
“in terms of economy, in terms of ide- 
ology and in terms of morality.” 

From the airport, Mr. Hwang was 
whisked away for a medical checkup and 
the beginning of weeks or months of 
intensive debriefing. Mr. Hwang said he 
was “ashamed" of his years of helping 
to build and sustain North Korea. 

“I know I cannot compensate for 
what I have done,” he said. “But I am 
very much concerned with lifting the 
burden of my debt before 1 die. If South 
Koreans allow me, I would Like to do 
everything I can to prevent a war." 

MARRIAGE: Surge in Catholic Annulments Raises Questions for Church 

Continued from Page 1 

54,463 annulments were granted in 1994, toe 
most recent year for which statistics are avail- 
able, out of 72,744 worid wide. The Catholic 
Church here spends well over $20 million each 

highest court. She and Mr. Kennedy, who have 
twin sons, ended their 12-year marriage in 
1991, and the congressman later remarried. 

Mrs. Kennedy fought the annulment at every 
stage. In a new book, she writes that toe church 
declared thathermarriage * ‘never existed.” and 

detail about die reclusive and enigmatic year subsidizing the operations of the marriage that if she agreed she would be “lying before 
UCBUl -- - — = l - — * u — •*— *"•« 1 and before her children. Annulment does 

rating cabal in Pyongyang. 

During the month Mr. Hwang spent 
& holed up in toe consulate in Beijing, 
North Korean agents lurked in parked 

tribunals, according to toe Canon Law Society, 
an independent association of church lawyers. 

Par its high annulment rate, the American 
church has come under criticism from Pope 

the church says they may be waived or reduced 
in hardship cases. " 

The applicant usually begins by talking to a 
parish pnest, deacon or a field advocate, who 
tries to screen out cases likely to faiL More solid 
cases are forwarded to the local diocese's mar- 
riage tribunal, a panel of church lawyers. While 
once only priests sat on these tribunals, some 


T Y L 

not make children illegitimate in toe eyes of dioceses now include women. 

cars outside. 

ig China to rmg toe John Paul XL and from both ends of toe spec- 
trum* Conservative traditionalists say the pro- 

either die church or toe civil society. 

Mr. Kerry ended his 18-year marriage to Julia 
Thome in 1 988; they have two grown children. 
The senator, who remarried in 1995, has applied 

The person seeking toe annulment is assigned 
an "advocate” to argue his or her case. On the 
other side is the defense lawyer for the marriage 
— toe “defender of the bond.” The ultimate 

annulment in a letter calling toe process “hy- 
pocritical, anti-family and mshooesL” 

In Catholic teaching, matrimony is one of die 
seven sacraments, which include baptism and 

huildine with soldiers. miro- i_onstavauvc tiauiuauaiisis say uie pro- l LK senaun , wuw rananicu — ujc ucicuuci ui uic uuuu. me ujuuuuc 

°F vr-n ! Sunday there* were worries thar cess is too lenient, while liberal reformers say to the Archdiocese of Washington to annul his decision is made by as many as three judges, and 
N/vthKoreans might try to shoot down the church should accept that some marriages first marriage. Ms. Thorne recently opposed the automatically re -evaluated by an appeals court, 
rh^iane that earned Mr. Hwang to simply fail and recognize civil divorce. annulment m a letter calling toe process “hy- The whole process can take from a year to 18 

South Korean fighter jets Tribunal judges say the typical case involves pocritical, anti-family and mshooesL” months, and longer if it is contested. 

r eou *’, consroicuouslv overhead, provid- Catholics under 35 who have been married In Catholic teaching, matrimony is one of tbe “Lack of due discretion of judgment” is the 
■ Z r«inmtectioQ in toe air. fewer than five years. Almost a quarter of those seven sacraments, which include baptism and basis for about 75 percent of American an- 

“•E 8 he air base, armored personnel seeking annulm ents are divorced non-Catoolics penance, that form the principal liturgical rites nulments today, including that of Mr. Kennedy. 

. niachme guns who want to convert to Catholicism or to re- through which humans experience tbe love and Divorcees can claim that as a bride or groom 

carners ground the runway, marry a Catholic. The rarer, and more difficult, grace of God. A truly sacramental marriage they wane emotionally immature, or incapable 

Tvl TnaI torcade that carried Mr. Hwang decadeor more, who have children and spent at indissoluble, even by civil courts. The teaching Almost half of Catholic marriages end in 

m S5uded an ambulance a ore- least some happy years together. is based on a saying by Jesus: “What God has divorce, toe same rate as for other Americans. 

awa y 11 iKuallv reserved for visiting . “We’re more reluctant to look at longtime joined together, let man not separate.” Of those who applied in 1992 in toe United 

caution us*™ y marriages," said tbe Reverend David OTkm- Until recent decades, divorce was a stigma States, according to Vatican statistics, 83 per- 

heaOSOT s “ ac ‘ . . hm* iuhn smvps nn the trifiimiil in the Dinrftv. aF amnna Pathnlira Rpfnrp. 1077 1I.S Catholics cent received annulments and 2 nercent were 

seeking annulme nts are divorced non-Catoolics penance, that form the principal liturgical rites 
who want to convert to Catholicism or to re- through which humans experience the love and 

many a Catholic. The rarer, and more difficult. 

grace of God. A truly sacramental marriage 
performed in a Catholic rite is supposed to be 
indissoluble, even by civil courts. The teaching 
is based on a saying by Jesus: “What God has 

, .cTlaiiv nxtfrved for visiting . “We’re more reluctant to look at longtime joined together, let man not separate.” 

U 5° n f rue ^ marriages,” said the Reverend David 0*Con- Until recent decades, divorce was a stigma 

m °H wane’s erim of nor.wbo serves on toe tribunal in the Diocese of among Catholics. Before 1977, U.S. Catholics 

. confirmation Washington and teaches courses in marriage-at who- divorced and remarried without an an- 

Nonh Korea today is blunt confirmation 
that the situation inside toe isolated na- 
tion is increasingly tore. A tome toat 
could tall millions of people is munrn- 

Washmgttm and teaches courses m mamage^t 
Washington Theological Union. “ When people 
quickly separate, we almost feel by instinct 
something js wrong.” 

The issue has become a political embar- 

nulment were automatically excommunicated. 
That has changed, butit is still true that divorced 
Catholics who do not receive an annulment may 
not remarry in a Catholic ceremony. 

Only one spouse need apply for an annul- 

automaticaily re-evaluated by an appeals court. 
The whole process can take from a year to 18 
months, and longer if it is contested. 

“Lack of due discretion of judgment” is the 
basis for about 75 percent of American an- 
nulments today, including that of Mr. Kennedy. 
Divorcees can claim that as a bride or groom 
they wane emotionally immature, or incapable 

Almost half of Catholic marriages end in 
divorce, toe same rate as for other Americans. 
Of those who applied in 1992 in toe United 
Stales, according to Vatican statistics, 83 per- 
cent received annulments and 2 percent woe 
denied. Fifteen percent of the cases were aban- 
doned by the applicants. 

So what becomes of toe 90 percent of di- 
vorced Catholics who do not bother with an- 
nulments? The Canon Law Society says there 
are “several million baptized and remarried 

From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 

evewimess accounts me issue nas oecome a pouncat emoar- not remarry in a i_atboiic ceremony. nuunens/ ine yanon i^aw society says mere 

ent, and Jr® iM«offltousaads ma yha ve rassmeut for Mr. Kennedy as hegearsup for a Only one spouse need apply for an annul- are “several million baptized and remarried 
suggest trau tens possible run for governor of Massachusetts next merit, Nit the other must be informed and al- Catholics” estranged from toe church because 

already P^nnomv is failing fast, year. Sheila Rauch Kennedy is appealing toe lowed to respond- A finalized civil divorce is a of their marital status- They goto non-Catoolic 

nfbrcement officials across annulment of her marriage to . toe Vatican's prerequisite. Fees are typically about $450, but churches, or they do not go to church at all. 


PAGE 10 





Training Programs 
Take Hold On-Line 

Companies Look to Internet to Cut Costs 

$38 Million Divided by 523 Equals ... a Lot 

What an Unusual Calif omia Firm Wrought With Bonuses for All 

^ stock, to buv life insurance, accident charities and their families. exliemely loyal. Turnover is less than 

By Paul Floren 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Companies are increas- 
ingly looking to the Internet to save 
money and end the days when a train- 
ing program for their employees 
meant long flights, jet lag and lost 
time at work. 

Depending on the phone lines used, 
companies can set up on-line systems 
that allow teachers and workers to 
combine video, audio and teat in- 
struction in a live, direct connection. 
As phone lines and computer speed 
improve, so will the capacity to train 
large groups at the same time, using 
not only traditional methods but also 
computer simulations. 

Until recently, most of the compa- 
nies exploring on-line training were, 
not surprisingly, technology compa- 
nies. But now such companies as 
France Telecom. Xerox Corp. and 
Royal Dutch/Shell Group are testing 
training programs via the Internet and 
the World Wide Web. 

“Competitors, tools and technol- 
ogy are emerging and rapidly defining 
the looks of training' and learning via 
the Web." said Ellen Julian, a research 
manager at the computer industry ana- 
lyst firm International Data Corp. 

As companies adopt new stan- 
dards, EDC predicts, the market for 
on-line training tools and services in 
2000 will exceed SI billion, com- 
pared with S92 million in 1996. 

“Quality is a big pan of the push 
toward on-line training,'* said Thi- 
erry Mayette, network coordinator at 
CitCom SA. a subsidiary of France 
Telecom. “Business leaders are more 
accessible because they do not need to 

move around as much and students 
are trained at their jobs." 

First directed to universities and 
government organizations, on-line 
training programs are expanding into 
theprivare sector. 

Through CitCom, France Telecom 
has been experimenting with on-line 
training for five years. The subsidiary 
installs special phone lines for clients 
in offices and classrooms to provide 
video conferencing. If the company 
does not already have its own on-line 
network, CitCom rents it space on 
existing France Telecom lines. 

Competing with AT&T Corp. 
among others, CitCom won a S350 
milli on contract with the Greek tele- 
communications operator OTE last 
year. CitCom has already wired sev- 
eral classrooms for OTE across 
Greece, and more than 1.800 man- 
agers have used on-line training. 

On the other side of the Atlantic, 
companies such as Lotus Develop- 
ment Corp., Microsoft Corp., Oracle 
Corp. and Sun Microsystems Inc. offer 
customers classes over the Internet. 

Oracle Education, a subsidy of Or- 
acle, introduced last October the Or- 
acle Learning Architecture, a delivery 
method that uses the Internet or 
private computer networks to allow 
companies to store, manage, custom- 
ize and distribute information tech- 
nology training courses. 

In tandem with the delivery meth- 
od, Oracle set up alliances with more 
than 35 publishing and software 
companies. British Telecom, Honey- 
well Inc.. Shell-Turkey, Cap/Volmac. 
the Nasdaq and Southwestern Bell 
Telephone Co. are working with Or- 
acle to test the system. 

By Greg Miller 

Las Angeles Times 

— Just a few mornings after Kingston 
Technology Corp. gave employees S38 
million in bonuses, the fust Porsche 
rolled into the parking lot. 

It was a black Turbo Carrera, a sleek 
speedster that other employees greeted 
with “wide-eyed glares." said its 
driver. Keith Kline, a 33-year-old sales 
manager. It was also a joke. 

“I borrowed it from a friend.” Mr. 
Kline recalled with a laugh. “Three 
days later I was back driving my 11- 
year-old Ford TTi under bird-" 

With payouts from iLs bonus program 
surpassing 5300,000 in some cases, the 
company s 523 employees became the 
envy of the working world. Three 
months later, though, the ethos at King- 
ston is still more sedan than sports car. 

Not that some employees didn't act 
on their dreams, or face temptations. In 
the days after the announcement last 
December, BMW salesmen passed out 
business cards in the company lobby, 
and telemarketers pestered workers by 
phone, urging them to buy everything 
from mutual funds to desen property. 

“They tried to ask me to invest in 

stock, to buy life insurance, accident 
insurance, and some called me to offer 
early-bird discounts on a car." said 
Minh Nguyen, who heads the shipping 

The high-tech industry is full of sto- 
ries about Ferraris and Silicon Valley 
mansions purchased by engineers who 
got rich on stock. But Kingston, which 
makes computer memory products, is 
not an ordinary high-tech company. It 
was built by two Taiwanese immigrants 
— John Tu and David Sun — who treat 
workers like family, and who preach 
humility and responsibility. For the 
most part, employees such as Mr. 
Nguen and Mr. Kline made sure those 
values prevailed. 

“Everybody has been pretty conser- 
vative," said Mr. Kline, who used his 
money to. buy a house. 

That is not to say nothing has changed 
since the bonus checks — ranging from 
52.000 for recent hires to well into six 
digits for veterans — were passed out on 
Jan. 6. Mr. Sun and Mr. Tu have been 
lauded for striking a blow against cor- 
porate greed, but they also have been 
stung by rebukes from executives at 
other companies. Some Kingston em- 
ployees have bought cars and houses, 
many paid off debts, and others gave to 

charities and their families. 

But if the money brought a great deal 
of joy, it also brought complications. 
Jeannine Moynahan, for instance, used 
part of her bonus to hire a private in- 
vestigator to help her 18-year-old 
daughter locate her father, who aban- 
doned the family before she was bom. 

Ms. Moynahan, 37. a saleswoman, is 
now remarried, and her household has 
four children. The bonus helped the 
family pay off debts and obtain & 1987 
Mercedes 190 — purchased at an auc- 
tion for $4,000 — for Ms. Moynihan. 

But she worries that the money also 
has exposed deep emotional wounds. 
Her daughter's father was located in 
Washington state and was sept two let- 
ters from her, one of them delivered and 
verified by United Parcel Service. 
Months later, he has not responded. 

Since they founded Kingston in 1988, 
Mr. Sun and Mr. Tu have had an un- 
orthodox approach. They never bor- 
rowed a dime, refused ro sell stock in 
their company, did deals on handshakes, 
and to this day reject offices in favor of 
cubicles in the center of the company's 
sales floor. They promise jobs for as 
long as the company lasts, and share 
profits with employees every quarter. 

In return, employees are tireless and 

and M- Tu 

oercent of Kingston to Softbank Corp. of 
j^lSt^for $13 billion, tfag 
inSsted they be able to continue to nmi the 
company foe way they always haveTbey 
also set aside $100 million to workers. 
Of that amount, $38 million was paid out 
in January. The rest has been set aside for 
bonuses in the coming years. Mr. Sun rad 
Mr. Tu cautioned employees to use me 
money wisely, urging them to pay™ 
debt and set aside money to tfawr chil- 
dren and their funire. And that is what 
many workers did. 

Ron Seide, a general manager, set up 
separate $20,000 accounts for his sons 
andput the rest of his six-figure bonus 
into investments including mutual 
funds. His only extravagance was a 
$500pair of eyeglasses. 

“Color me dull and responsible, he 

coarse. Mr. Sun and Mr. Tu 
profited handsomely from the sale of 
their company, sharing $1.4 billion in 
cash and stock. But they have signalal 
that they do not plan to hoard their 
fortunes, and even hint that they are not 
finished giving to employees, even after 
the $100 milli on runs our. 

Focus Immigration Policy on Skills, US. Study Urges 

Bloomberg News 

WASHINGTON — VS. employers 
will have to push to change immigration 
and education policies if they want to 
compete globally over the next century, 
according to a new study by a leading 
conservative think tank. 

In its Workforce 2020 study, the In- 
dianapolis-based Hudson Institute said 
that U.S. immigration policies will have 
to focus more cm skills rather than fam- 
ily unification and asylum. If not, the 

growth of the workforce wall slow to 1 
percent a year by 2000. 

‘ 'Those who are arguing against legal 
immigration don't understand the cur- 
rent and future business and labor situ- 
ations," said Jeny Jasinowski, pres- 
ident of the National Association of 
Manufacturers, which joined Hudson in 
publicizing the study. 

There are currently about 140,000 
employees of U.S. companies em- 
ployed under work visas, a fraction of 

immigrants let into die country each 
year, Mr. Jasinowski said. 

The computer industry is particularly 
eager for immigration revisions. Almost 
75 percent of engineering candidates at 
U.S. universities are foreign-bam, and 
computer engineering is expected to be 
one of the fastest-growing occupations 
over the next eight years, according to 
the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

“We need a system that encourages 
people to either obtain the skills nec- 

essary to perform complex jobs or, for 
those who have the skills, welcomes 
them into the marketplace.' * said Carol 
D'Amico, one of the co-authors of the 

“Our current system of higher edu- 
cation does not help adults upgrade 
skills,” Ms. D'Amico said. Industry 
needs to examine how to better prepare 

she said. 



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A university graduate, preferably in Engineering, you 
have five years of sales management experience, 
ideally within a North American based corporation. 
You also have five to eight years’ experience in setting 
up alternative channel sales, and in managing a network 
of distributors, resellers and system integrators. A sound 
understanding of data communication 3nd LAN/WAN 
technologies is required. Your personal attributes should 
include solid team leadership abilities, strong interper- 
sonal and communication skills and the ability to speak 
several languages. 

We offer a competitive and highly attractive compensa- 
tion package which rewards performance. 

Please ^end your resume to Reply Box D437, Herald 
Tribune. 850 Third Avenue. 10th Floor, New York, 
NY 10022. 

Director of Infotel 
(I nternational) 

Worldwide group level LS. management opportunity for amltibillioo-S 
global corporation (industry leader). International senior management 
career path. ultimately returning to U.S. Be part of 
management learn determining strategy for Information Services, 
Systems and Telecommunications globally and lead tbs implementation 
in geogr ap hic zones. Initial assignment in Europe. Mastery of the French 
language is mdupeteablc. therefore basic knowledge of French is 
required. Intensive French training c omm e nc e s upon employment 

Requires BA./B.S. and Masters Degree with excellent academics, 10 
years experience in LS. and Telecom in c lu din g management af large 
development teams in industry and success in leading large scale 
projects. Indisputable techni c al competence including excellent 
knowledge of the IBM world and work experience in multiple brand 
(DEC HP) en viro n m ent. Competent in new technologies and open 
systems. Creative. Team Player. 

R£sam£ and salary history in confidence to: 

Rebecca h Shepard, Vice President 
Fox-Morris Associates, Inc. 

5400 LBJ Freeway, Suite 1445 
Dallas, TX 75240 USA 
E-mail: rebsheptgaoLcom 
Tel: 972-404-8044 USA FAX: 972-404-0615 


Germany - Munich 

As on uitenusonjl trendsetter in women’s apparel and aewsscries, we are 
seeking a avrumic and dedicated tndrridual to fill the position of Assistant 
Manager-?*! ling in our Munich Boutique. 

The successful candidate will have al least 2 veais supervisor.' experience in a 
retail environment You will be responsible for all aspects of the sales associa te 
function. mcJudire; scheduling, recruiting, training, reviewing and establishing 
id*; grab, as well as supporting and assisting in the management of the 
Boutique. Experience wiln designer goods and" sales leadership, along with 
excellent organic thin and cocununKataon skills required. ?C knowledge and 
customer semce tactics are a must. 

For consideration, please mail your resume with s alary requirements to: 

DKXY Theatinerstrasse 9 • D- 80333 Munich 


180 countries daily. With global sales rising and the opening 
of two more print sites this year, the "World's Daily 
Newspaper" continues to expand rapidly. 

We are now looking for a Circulation Sales Director for 
Switzerland, based in our Zurich office. The brief is to grow 
drculation sales to further strengthen the newspaper's 
leading position among international dailies in Switzerland, 
one orthe IHT's key markets worldwide. This position will 
entail complete responsibility for distribution, marketing and 
sales of the newspaper through foe various drculation 

The ideal candidate will be a highly motivated and results 
oriented professional in his/her latetlO' or eariv 30's. He/she 
will preferably have media sales experience. However, 
marketing ana sales skills along with self-motivation and self 
discipline are more important qualities for this challenging 

Fluency in both German and English is a must Swiss 
national or Swiss working permit is preferable but not 

Applications will be kept in strict confidence. Please write 
with full CV and current salary details to: 

Circulation Director 

International Herald Tribune. Ref: IHT 21 
181, ave Charles-dedaulle, 92521 Neuiliv Cedex - France 

International Organization in Geneva Is looking for 


The computer systems of the organization support the storage and 
processing of large numbers of data. The data are held on an Grade 
database, running on UNIX servers, with multi-user transaction processing. 
The support includes office automation and information systems 
hardwares and softwares. The incumbent will supervise a staff of 
approximately fifteen. 

— At least 10 years professional experience at the managerial level in 
the relevant fields of computer systems Mid information technology 

— Experience in protect management techniques and supervision of staff 
and external contractors. 

— Extensive experience with large on-line database applications, 
induding design, implementation and database administration. 

— Experience to systems antiysts, software design and implementation. 

— Understanding of LANs and dfent*erveran±itectme. 

— Familiarity with PC software and equipment (including DOS. 

— Excellent knowledge of the English language-, knowledge of French an 

— University degree or equivalent, preferably in the field of computer 
science, management or related field. 

Cgntrarti One year renewable 
Immediate position. 

TMf ffldLnrirf the wife Chief. Information Systems Section. P-5. 

Indicative minimum gross annual remuneration | induding variable post 
adjustment): USS or, 500.07 (with dependents! and USS 90.4Q2.40 [without 

Vito Sefrrr May 5tii, 1997 hr. 
Chief of recruitment 
United Nations Office in Geneva 
Palais des Nations 
121 1 Geneva 10. Switzerland 
Tel: -41 22 117 I J52 - Fax. +41 22 °I7 0005 



Leading Research- Based Pharma- 
ceutical Company located near 
La Defense/Paris seeks a MEDICAL 
EDITOR rejoin its English Publi- 
cations Department and work in a 
stimulating and convivial 



Editing ol'Enzh'h- IjagujA' 

pharmaceutical arJ »n«iu\t! 

literature. Thi- iir.i«! , .c-. 
• Cop;, editing to Compan; 

hOU.-U s(\ ]c 

• Ph-jfrejJini! 
1 'Quality control of rran'IJticn- 
• French into En^iidi • 
• Rc.\ ntir. j. 


■ A denre-.* :r medum? 

»r life ■*cisn«.e'* :> a mu,: 

• Erijli-h nau’.a <peaker -.v.rh 
csneHcnr fjr.nua/c -stifb . 

• Fluer.w; in French 
i -.pok^n xi J • 

• Abiirr; orf. in u tejjn 

• Presi*-’U- 
in rm:di^ji cdlhlt? 

•Computer lirerjjv 

• A l' ie of; he pruned xorvi. 
an mquivii-.i- mind, and an 
>mxt— run with perfection 

UK parj.’».‘.ar.t 

Attractr c paclo.$e available 
Applicant' should submit a Idler 
s'- iCi C V and photo. ^Botinc the 
reference IHT on the envelope, w E 
E, PFEIFFER. ORS. 14 me de 5 

Bczen-. u 2-*lr Cotirhesoic s 

Cedex. France * 


but have had other substantial work experience, 
and are ready for a change, 
you might want to join our team of ex-bankers, 
ex-lawyers, ex-psychologists, ex-P.R. and 
marketing executives. 

now happily tvachin^ iinglish communication skills to 
French executives. 

Executive Positions Available 


First World International Banlt, a 
preposed onshore Dank with aqua? 
capcsiabon of U.S 7 mficn. is in the 
process d apdying for a fcantaig besrse 
■vnh the Centra Sank of Barbados ami 
Nauru art seeks an oroanancad finan- 
cial professoral to manage office n 
Barbados. The nfrdusl should have a 
ranmum d a BS n Business Mms> 
Paten or franca io+ years aperteraa 
it ftterratofsB barton). Stones, wtama- 
bona! corporate trance or a leksed Wd 
(Venous Bfflptowriart at a wcogncad 
Memaftnal bark, tease reply n 
confidence ter 

Ycten* Banmsw Esq. 

Afera & Omega Las Chambarc 
Far (246i 431-OiST. 

Executives Available 


to Kgh Teh todustrisi desire* 

prawn si toe UJC or Europe b manage 
msnatoral sutsffianas. More than 20 
yean experience in successfully acqier- 
mg, grwang and tuning around subsid- 
iaries. t&bvrships anO ictnl ventures. 
$4-570 mtewr m timer per year in eu- 

repaURff ar sa&latn Amersa and toe 
L'.S Effiojfire b e US. ctoBi 
resides to me U.S. as is schcded n 
French, tf rtaratad m recatmg its CV. 

Fax (201)5434843 USA 
Phone (201)5434842 

descnptiai d the cccatrSy 

SPANISH CITIZEN, 55, ftwdl resident, 
tntoguat SparesAFtsncti'Engksii, Smdtt 
texnrtadga Ltat 5 yrs in Congo (Zaere). 
3 yra m USA, 5 yrs m Las. 2 jra m 
Thatand, 10 months in Iran, 17 y* m 
Siam, 2T yrs tit France, wortwt IB 
bean for l/SMteft cos ifl hois ter 
French co. 15 years tn Aircraft Iterate- 
ranee, from ncehanc to SuMrtnmfett 
cf Maintenance and Base Itanaser. 21 
yrs as Aircraft Computsrsed Mainto- 
nanra Mrowron System DepL Dro 
ten. Losttrgter rteresfing worh. li®s tc 
travel. Al Offers considered. Reply Box 
2E0, MT. F-92521 NnJy C6 

grawrg and expanding telecom market 
m a beerebzeef but particular environ- 
ment. You target: prom oteai, martetng 
ad scassfo/ sates of jow products / 
protects. The offer dynamic manager, 
European. MinguaL English, German. 
French vrth profound boa experience of 
the telecom and pcttiul environment, 
substantial success record end naikefing 
tfiteffigerce nmm-htw seeks positron as 
delegate or consuttanL Please reply to 
Box 2ES. BTT. Fnadncftstre. 15. 00323 
FtattoJurt i fc'an, Germany 

HOTEL MANAGER - seeks to manege & 
op Untie growth of up-market Hotel/ 
Ftesat/Ctoeeu. 15 mare rrievant expeh- 
ence Intomrioml ondato. USA/French 
titeen. Fac USA 9S4/761-U71. 

General Positions Available 

Peris Mange firm 

w perienoed Englsb-moiher tongue 
Plane tend CV + cow letter to 
0000 A CE, 12 Bd de la IltdiHrie 
75009 Parts, AHn: TranUkm Dept. 
No itaneinqtiiH accepted. 

seeks professional to Join small Pane- 
based mam. Retprtw graduate degree 
in mfi affaire or related dtecipfinas f 
knowledge of environmental raid labor 
policies; strong orgartiationel and 
otte/wnttn comnxmcaBon sfcffls; fluert 
Engteh, strong French. Proficiency will 
nfatmaflon taamoto ^m adwte^M. 

SiS'Si 8 ^ CedeuSa 209, 

TRAVEL COMPANY, speciafiaig in 
gnhp S hcerSMS programs in France, 
seeks My Hhguaf adretobtoM asss- 
tara, top computer sUb 6 monte con- 
tract possWy renewable. Send CV to 
Bear 268, MT, F«52t Naully Cedex. 

SEEK PARTTiBlfflVESrOR to SterHjp 
an iSematioral sarel tsnpany orgatti- 
ing first ctasa trawte. For detels fax Lur- 
erobourg +352 51 7B 03 

BOREAI£S PROD, cast extras, man 
and wmati from 30 to 65 wars. Engfish 
tor toe tinting Paris, wee* 10 May B7. 
Contact Cyrt tel +33(0)1 44 07 21 58 

Web Muse CommmtaBon Forum. 
Summer CretoffaA Boston. Free travd, 
board, learn. Fax CV: 404-261-7395 USA 

General Positions Wa/rfed 

FRENCHMAN. 35 years old. tnfngud 
(EngtshRua8lan). 5 years expenenoe as 
a chauffeur in tourfem, seeks work to 
France or abroad. Tel: 33(0)1 
* 67 85 04 Ear (ffl 4680 82 05 

Educational Positions Available 

_ the 




Candidates should hold a Bachelor's 
degree or equivalent; and should "be 
farmer wtfi both American & European 
educational systems. They should be 

and pratatily other languages, and be 
available tor regular nemabonal travel 
Cantidates’ peramal convictions shoirid 
reflea tv UnwereBy's stropg cunm a mBts 
to educational qialy. 

CanAlales strarid be ctizens of the 
European Unton or hold pemonent work 
pamte Ibr Franca 

Write wflh CV to Mr Baudto, 

The American Urdwrafty of Paria, 
102 n» Stint IknMque, 75007 Paris 


tor Bosness Peqpfa 
Dytanfc, Frtandto Teem, 
tonowtive Teaching Metoods. 
Pans-SubutxL Woridng Papetto 
Comptofr ttos lan^Mpl) 45 67 53 96 

BBJffilUL EXPST7S nesdoUJusM 
& experienced to financial markets tor 
part/hJHvne. stiarisdAsetance posifians 
as translators or etfitora. full 
resmelsaiary requiremsnb toTECIRAD 
433 (0)144929310. Tel *33 (0)144929311 

TRAtWG CENlGR seete dynamic 6> 
gtteti-speaters ro lead ranmunteation 
seminare In Franca Professional experi- 

ence and worktog papers required. Tat 
Parts +33(0)1 48 74 29 99 

the vtoaip’s mnr NEWS BUEB 


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text. You will be informed of (he cost rmmediafeJy, ond,once paymert is made your ad will 
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MONDAX, APRIL 21, 1997 

PAGE 11 

WTO Chief 
Sees China as 
Trade TQlar’ 


Ruggiero Presses 
For Rapid Admission 


BEIJING — Negotiations on China’s 
eo&y to the World Trade Organization 
have entered their final phase and 
Beijing must become a pillar of the 
world trade system, the organization's 
director-general said. 

Speaking in Shanghai on Saturday at 
a symposium on the service trade, Ren- 
ato Ruggiero said the WTO increasingly 
needed China to become an active.mem- 
bcr, the Xinhua press agency said. 

Mr. Ruggiero, who will meet this 

week with tbe minister of foreign trade 
and economic cooperation, Wu Yi, as 
. well as with President Jiang Zemin and 
tp Prime Minister Li Peng, is expected to 
try to find ways to accelerate- China's 
admission and stress to Chinese leaders 
the advantages of membership, diplo- 
mats said. 

“China must become one of the pil- 
lars of the world trade system,” Mr. 
Ruggiero said, according to Xinhua. 
The press agencv said he added that 
China was already an important mem- 
ber of a global economy marked by 
mutual dependence. - 

China’s entry in the WTO as soon as 
possible would invigorate a multilateral 
global trade system, be said. 

But numerous issues remain to be 
resolved before China can join the ca - - 
C ganization, diplomats and other WTO 
• officials say. 

They say they have seen little shift in 
China's position in recent months and 
cite a need for Beijing to lift a range of 
trade barriers. This includes opening its 
agriculture markets, financial services, 
trading rights and distribution systems, 
.as well as clarifying controversial sub- 
- sidies to state industry. 

Mr. Ruggiero is using his six-day visit 

of Chinese leaders and to explain the 
positions of other WTO countries taking 
pan in the bilateral negotiations cm 
China’s entry, his spokesman said. 

Agreement has been readied an tbe 
principle that China will admitted to the 
WTO under a phased system that would 
give h tune to introduce reforms. 

Ex- Chief of Coles Meyer 
Found Guilty of Fraud 

Firm Whs Billed for Home Renovations 

_ G. Pmtl Bnrnec/TV New V«* Ttars 

More mainstream investors like Seott Sadler, left, are studying Russia. He met with Alexander Vokhmin of 
Perm Uralsviazmform, second from right, and two representatives from Brunswick Securities in New York. 

Russians Master Art of ‘Roadshows’ 

By Dan Colarosso 

New York Tuna Service 

NEW YORK — Alexander Vofch- 
min, chief financial officer of Perm 
Uralsviazmform, a .regional phone 
company in Russia, pulled a shim- 
mering blue card from his wallet 
Through a translator, Mr. Vokhmin 
told Scott Sadler, an American money 
manager, that it was a Ural Express 
card, mat it could be used as a debit or 
credit card and that it was among his 
company’s most promising new of- 

Mr. Vokhmin then returned the card 
to his wallet and gave the conversation 
a personal twist “My wife,” he said, 
"loves this card'” 

A typical business conversation — 
except that in the past it would have 
taken place in Russia, if at alL But Mr. 
Vokhmin and Mr. Sadler, a co-man- 
ager of die Biltmore Emerging Mar- 
kets fund, were chatting last week over 
mineral water in New York, at the 
Ritz-Cariton Hotel 
. And in the two days before this 
meeting, executives and representa- 

— fronfroe Red October 
Candy Factory to Pfetmol Dairy to 
Nizhny Tagil Steel — made their case 
to American institutional investors in 

meetings at the hotel, at the Harvard 
Chib and at a Hmnar featuring Al- 
exander Livshits, Russia's former fi- 
nance minister. 

Indeed, Russian executives have 
become adept participants at this cen- 
tral capitalist ritual, toe investor meet- 
ing. This particular group, sponsored 
by Brunswick Securities, a Russian 
brokerage firm that opened a New 
York office last year, came equipped 
with Red October candy bars, graphs 
on consumer ffemanri and fever charts 
on stock-price growth — all to help 
answer tbe questions of toe nearly 50 
American money managers in atten- 

True, die Russians ’ English is halt - 
ing, so they rely an translators in theset 
“roadshows,” die Wall Street name for 
company presentations to investors. 

Sometimes the language hurdles 
make for odd phrases: when Mr. 
Vo khmin spoke of his company’s 
widespread reputation for probity, tbe 
translation described the telephone 
venture as "Russia’s least scandalous 

But the Russians’ grasp of Western 
finance is rapidly increasing. 

“They are alot more polished, more 
professional,” said John Pinto, pres- 
ident of Sintra Capital. Mr. Pinto 
jumped into tbe embryonic Russian 

market in 1993 and has watched its 
companies evolve. 

The new sophistication comes just 
in time. While Russia has been an 
outpost for hedge funds and other ad- 
venturous foreign investors for a few 
years, mainstream investors tike mu- 
tual fends and pension fends are now 
getting much more interested. 

Indeed, in toe last 18 months, an 
open -end mutual fund specializing in 

sia, was started, along with two 
closed-end fends, Templeton Russia 
and Morgan Stanley Russia and New 
Europe. There are new regional funds 
with large stakes in Russia, too, tike 
Vontobel Eastern European Equity, 
which started last year. 

So far this year, mainstream in- 
vestors account for 80 percent of the 
investment dollars that Brunswick has 
brought to Russian companies, said 
Par Mellstrom, head of research at the 

Part of the popularity stems from 
die calming of toe political waters 
since Boris Yeltsin’s re-election as 
president last year. 

But investors have also been greatly 
emboldened by the returns of toe Rus- 
sian stock market in 1996 and 1997. 

See MEET, Page 16 

Ccmqdfdfrf OvrSx&Fr w Duptrrba 

MELBOURNE — A former chairman 
of Australia's largest retailer. Coles My- 
er Ltd., was found guilty of conspiring to 
<feframd the company of 4.46 million 
Australian dollars (.$3.5 million). 

Brian Quinn, once one of Australia’s 
most respected businessmen, showed 
little emotion as toe Supreme Court jury 
returned its verdict Saturday, tire third 
day of deliberations. 

Tbe 60-year-old former chairman and 
chief executive was convicted of con- 
spiring between Sept. 1, 1982 and Oct. 
o, 1988 to defraud toe company. 

Mr. Quinn plans to appeal the verdict, 
said his attorney, Phil Chum. 

The former chairman pleaded not 
guilty to one charge of conspiring with 
toe company’s former head of main- 
tenance, Graham Lanyon, to defraud toe 
company of the money, which mostly 
went toward lavish renovations and ex- 
tensions of Mr. Quinn’s home. 

His conviction is the latest in a series 
of troubling incidents at Coles Myer, 
which has gone through a string of man- 
agement changes over toe past decade 
as various executives resigned or were 
forced out by shareholders. 

Solomon Lew was forced out as 
chairman by shareholders in October 
1995, after clashing with the company’s 
finance director over 'transactions with 
suppliers. Peter Bartels stepped down as 
chief executive last year after two years 
of falling profits. 

Mr. Lew’s troubles began after he 
fired Coles Myers’ finance director, 
Philip Bowman. Mr. Bowman had ques- 
tioned a 1990 transaction that caused an 
1 8 million dollar loss to Coles Myer but 
benefited associates of Mr. Lew. No 
charges were brought in connection 
with that case. 

Mr. Quinn began his career at the 
company in 1956 with a job sweeping 
floors at a Coles supermarket in Ad- 
elaide. As chairman, he was paid a sal- 
ary of 15 million dollars. 

He oversaw toe merger between the 
supermarket chain Coles and tbe de- 
partment store Myer’s, which created 
Australia's largest retailer and made toe 
company tbe country’s second biggest 
employer after toe government. 

But Mr. Quinn left Coles Myer in 
March 1992, amid investors’ disap- 

pointment with flat profit for the pre- 
vious year. 

His downfall was the Quinn family 
home, which he bought for 260,000 dol- 
lars in 1979. and transformed from a 
modest two-bedroom bouse into a 
sprawling residence that * ‘resembled tbe 
Palace of Versailles,” according to 
court testimony. 

Renovations included the construc- 
tion of a tennis court and pavilion, a 
cricket pitch, swimming pool and spa 
house, and an eight-car garage to house 
the family’s Ferrari and Bentley. 

The court was told that Mr. Quinn’s 
wife, Trenna, had insisted that paneling 
be revamished a dozen times and marble 
on the walls of a guest powder room be 
replaced because she did not like the 
coin - . Painting work on die inride of the 
house alone cost 1 million dollars. 

In all, tbe renovations cost 6 million 
dollars, but when toe bouse was sold to 
a Taiwanese couple last year it fetched 
only 1 .9 million dollars. 

Prosecutors said Mr. Quinn used 
false invoicing to get the company to 
pay for work on his house while making 
it appear the payments were for work 
done on Coles Myer property. 

Mr. Quinn denied any wrongdoing 
and said it was “ridiculous” to suggest 
he had ever been involved in a con- 
spiracy with Mr. Lanyon. He said be 
repaid the company 3.4 milli on dollars 
between 1988 and 1992 for building and 
other work at the suburban home. Mr. 
Dunn said his client was very disap- 
pointed and feeling “very, very low.* 

Justice Geoffrey Eames remanded 
Mr. Quinn in custody to await a pre- 
sentence hearing Wednesday. 

An officer who investigated the case 
said Mr. Quinn had been convicted of a 
common law offense, which did not 
carry a set maximum penalty. 

Alan Cameron, the head of the Aus- 
tralian Securities Commission, said that 
the Quinn case was typical of the ex- 
cesses of the 1980s and that the agency 
was investigating other cases in which 
company executives used employers' 
funds for personal gain. 

In March. Coles Myer said its net 
profit rose 41 percent, to 273.6 million 
dollars, in the six months to Jan. 26. its 
first profit increase in two years. 

(AFP. Bloomberg. 1HT) 

Global Fever Raging at U.S. Networks 

By Richard Covington 

Special to ihe Herald Tribune 

f CANNES — From Poland to China 
and France to Brazil, American trie- 
vision networks are continuing their ag- 
gressive expansion into tbe internation- 
al broadcast landscape. 

Competition among children’s net- 
works is particularly fierce, as many 

companies are racing to stake out claims 
in tbe European, Latin American. and 
Asian marketplaces. 

Among toe U.S. networks that have 
recently introduced new international 
services, or are about to, are HBO In- 
ternational. a subsidiary of TTme- 
Wamer Entertainment Co., and Fox 
Kids Networks, a division of Rupert 
Murdoch's News Corp. Also in toe game 
are Walt Disney Co.’s Disney Channels, 
Viacom Inc.’s Nickelodeon channels 
and Sony Pictures Entertainment 
The National Geographic C hann el, a 
for-profit broadcast initiative of the non- 
a profit National Geographic Society, an- 
V nounced last week at MIP-TV, an in- 
ternational television market in Cannes, 
-that it would be starting its first service 
in Britain and Ireland in partnership 
fwith British Sky Broadcasting PLC. Ac- 
cording ro Tim Kelly, president of Na- 
itional Geographic Television, the net- 

■ work plans to announce next month the 
\ introduction of other channels, probably 
> in Latin America. 

■ Unlike the domestic American rnet- 
! works that have spun off interna tiona l 

■ variants, National Geographic is start- 

ing outride toe United States. 

Also at the Cannes TV market. HBO 
Inter national and Sony Pictures Enter- 
tainment announced a partnership with 
PTK, Poland's largest cable operator 
toat reaches half a million subscribers. 
In addition to Poland, HBO operates 
premium film services in Hungary, the 
Czech Republic and Slovakia. 

In toe three weeks since the Disney 
Channe l began broadcasting in France, 
120,000 subscribers have signed up for 
the service over Canal Plus’s satellite 
network and cable-delivery systems ran 
by Lyormaise Cable and France Tele- 
com. Disney plans to introduce new 
channels in Japan, Spain, Italy and Ger- 
many, according to Herbert Granath. 
chairman of Walt Disney Televirion 
TmemationaL But one region that Dis- 
ney is purposely and prudently avoiding 
in its plans is India. 


“watching tbe terrestrial services 
losing $20 milli on a year has sobered 
any plans for expansion we've harbored 
in India,” said Edward Borgerding, se- 
nior vice president and managing di- 
rector for Disney's Aria-Pacific oper- 
ations. Instead, the broadcaster is 
content to show Disney programming in 
designated blocks over local stations 
without risking investment in a channel 
of its own, Mr. Borgerding said. 

Encore Media, the Colorado-based 
distributor of thematic pay-TY chan- 
nels, is busily designing new broadcast 
outlets for toe Southeast Asian and 
Phrnftse market. Moreover, toe Virgin- 
ia-based Family Channel is intrepidly 

bringing fitness to the French. FiT TV is 
to start airing next fell over TPS. the 
digital satellite service. 

“With 3 million French men and 
women being members of health clubs, 
fitness is a boom we're only now coming 
to recognize.” said Jacques Ferrari, the 
channel's program manager in France. 

Despite recent strides by European 
producers to generate more local tele- 
vision fere, U.S. programs still account 
for about 65 percent of European pro- 
gramming schedules, according to 
Jacques Delmoly, director of toe 
European Union’s media program, a 
series of initiatives intended to stimulate 
European production. 

Paradoxically, countries like France, 
Australia. Canada and Poland, which 
have quotas restricting American series 
and movies on television, end up with a 
higher proportion of U.S. shows in their 
top 10 ratings, according to a study by 
Mediametrie, a broadcast analyst finn in 

Last year, toe United States exported 
$6 billion more in broadcast programs 
— including television series, films and 
animation — than h imported, accord- 
ing to a recent study by the European 
Audiovisual Observatory, toe EUs in- 
dustry-research group. 

The arrival of American networks in 
Europe and elsewhere is expected to gen- 
erate a boom in demand for indigenous 
progra m ming as toe local networks seek 
to fill their schedules with the 
homegrown shows that score higher 
audience ratings than American imports. 


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Chinese Freighter Flies 
Taiwan Flag in a First 

CarpirdbfOwSagFrOm D ilfm Kita 

TAIPEI — A Chinese ship hoisted die Taiwan flag 
Sunday when it sailed into Kaohsiung port to become 
only the second mainland vessel to visit the island and the 
first to fly its flag in nearly five decades. 

The 4.060-ton Far East Glory, belonging to the China 
Foreign Trade Transportation (Fujian) Corp., docked at 
Kaohsiung az around 5:00 P-M., a day after the arrival of 
the first Chinese ship to ply a direct shipping route 
between the. rivals. 

But the first ship did not fly the Taiwan flag. The 
hoisting of toe port country's flag as a matter of protocol is 
a sensitive issue because China has considered Taiwan a 
renegade province since the end of toe civil war in 1949. 

According to international custom, a seafaring vessel 
usually flies toe flags of its country of registration and of 
the country of port-of-cail, but vessels can choose not to 
raise flags after sunset. The first ship, toe Sheng Da, 
moored outside Kaohsiung for five hours and entering 12*30 

1X55fi U»5 

fecteMun . - 

just after sunset, flying no flags. 

The resumption of direct shipping between China and 
Taiwan was greeted Sunday with silence by both Beijing 
and Taipei. Hie sailings were made posable after China 
last week gave six Taiwan shipping companies approval 
to sail toe direct route, reciprocating permission that 
Taiwan granted China in January. (Reuters. AFP ) 


l \ k 

v *- i 



The AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK is an international 
development finance institution established to foster economic 
growth in Africa. The Bank is based in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, West 
Africa, with membership of states for Africa, Europe, Asia, and the 
Americas. Nationals of Bank’s member countries are invited to 
apply for the following positions: 

SPECIALISTS, in fields of Poverty Reduction, Gender, 
Stakeholder Participation, NGO collaboration. Population, and 
Institutional Development. 

The above Specialists will work with both policy and project issues 
within their respective fields. 

Candidates must be holders of a Master’s degree or higher 
academic/professional qualifications from a recognised university or 
other institutions of higher learning, and have at least five years of 
relevant experience. Preference will be given to candidates in areas 
other than their primary fields of specialization. 

Candidates must be fluent in one of the two working languages of 
the Bank (English-French). Knowledge of the second language will 
be an advantage. 

The Bank offers a competitive tax-free salary and excellent benefits 
package. Women are strongly encouraged to apply, 
interviews will be held in Abidjan from 1 2/05 - 24/05/97. 

Applications with complete curriculum vitae in French or English 
must be sent by 30 April, 1997 to the address indicated below. 
Applications received after this date will be considered for future 


The Director 

Human Resources Management Department 
African Development Bank 
01 B.P. 1387 
Abidjan 01 

OR FAX (225) 20.49.43 & 20.53.87 

PAGE 12 



Manila to Issue 20-Year Bond 
As It Expands Credit Market 

‘Lucky Break’ Underlies Stable Business Cycle 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Inienwtipnal Herald Tribune 

Bloombert News 

MANILA — Despite a setback on 
international credit markets last 
week, the Philippines will push ahead 
with plans to beef up its credit market 
by selling its first 20-year Treasury 
bond Tuesday. 

The Bureau of Treasury plans to 
sell 2 billion pesos (.$75.9 million') of 
the bonds, putting the Philippines 
among the few Asian countries with 
local-currency debt of that maturity. 

The sale will take place one week 
after the central bank. Bangko Sentrai 
ng Pilipinas, canceled the sale of up to 
51-25 billion of 30-year and 100-year 
bonds in the United States. The bank 

balked at paying the higher interest 
rates demanded by investors to com- 
plete the sale. 

“I don't expect any problems" for 
the 20-year bond, said Eric Cruz, a 
director at Deutsche Bank. 

Though Manila has little need for 
the money — the government expects 
to post a budget surplus of 1 7 billion 
pesos this year — the new bond will 
set a benchmark for borrowing costs, 
making it easier for companies to 
borrow over a 20-year term. 

Setting the stage for the .sale of the 
bond is an economy growing at an 
annual rate of 7 percent, accompanied 
by slowing inflation. 

PARIS — Why is this business cycle 
different from most others? Are the re- 
markably stable conditions over the past 
five years sustainable? Is inflation 
dead? Or is this all just a transitory phase 
of an irrational exuberance? 

An intriguing in-depth analysis by the 
London-based research team at Union 
Bank of Switzerland concludes that the 
exuberance, most evident in the U S. 
equity markets, is not only rational but 
also likely to persist and encompass 
Western Europe and Japan before fi- 
nancial markets succumb to their tra- 
ditional roller-coaster pattern. 

Dus business cycle is different, argue 
Bill Martin. Chris Carter and George 
Magnus, the authors of “Cycles and 

Most Active International Bends 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eurocfear system tor the week end- 
ing April ia. Prices suppSed by Tbtekurs. 

Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Cpn Maturity Price YleW 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

204 Austria 
247 Austria 

5ft 01/17/07 98.9000 S.6900 
6ft 05/31/06 103-5500 641400 

Belgian Franc 

191 Belgium Olo 

9 COOMB 120.7500 7.4500 
7V, 07/29/08 11170 6.6500 

Canadian Dollar 

147 Canada 
174 Canada 

7ft 06/01/03 105.8660 6X500 
7 12/0106 102.9000 6.8000 

Danish Krone 

5 Denmark 

18 Denmark 
24 Denmark 
27 Denmark 
35 Denmark 
40 Denmark 
43 Denmark 
59 Denmark 
75 Denmark 
88 Denmark 
98 Denmark 
106 Denmark 
130 Denmark 
142 Denmark 
190 Denmark 

8 03/1&D6 

9 11/15/00 
9 11/15/98 
7 11/15/07 
7 11/1024 

7 12/15/04 

8 11/1301 
8 031303 

6 12/10/99 

7 08/1397 

6 11/1502 

5 08/15/05 
4 02/15/00 

7 02/1398 

6 02/15/99 
















101 Treuhond 

104 Treuhand 

105 Treuhond 

106 Germany 

107 Germany 
112 Germany 
115 Germany 
119 Germany 
124 Germany 
128 Treti hand 
131 Germany 
135 Germany 
ISO Germany 
152 Germany 

154 Germany 

155 EtB 

156 Dsl Fin 

160 Ba Credit Card 
164 Germany 
167 Greece 
169 Germany 
18a Austria 
192 Germany 
194 Germany 
203 TV A 

205 German States 
207 Germany 
212 Denmark 
222 Germany Ttallls 
226 Germany 
233 World Bank 
242 NardrtieinLd 

S 3 * 04/29/99 

5 12/17/98 
6<4 06/2398 
5* 08/20/98 

B 09/22/97 
8 ft 08/21/00 
6ft 12/02/98 
5ft 02/2398 
6V» 05/20/99 

7 1T/2&99 
5V. 11/20/97 

8 032097 
714 10/2097 
514 002097 


6 10/22/03 

6 01/1307 

6 II/13Q5 

6ft 02/24/99 
614 11/1306 
6 02/2098 
6>t 01/10724 
714 01/20/00 
2.9000 04/06/00 
6ft 09/18/06 
614 08/21/06 
6ft 02/2098 
5 10/16/01 

zero 04/1897 
Bft 032290 
7ft 04/12/05 
PA 05/14/02 






















Japanese Yen 

172 world Bonk 
196 World Bank 
221 World Bank 
228 EIB 
234 Fuji Psu 
248 Italy 

Norwegian Krona 

Spanish Peseta 

166 Spain 
1 76 Spain 
209 Spain 
21 6 Spain 
239 Spain 

8 0330/04 109.8390 778 

8X0 043001 110X020 7X000 
8X0 04730/06 114X570 7.6800 
10.10 02/28/01 116.1670 8X9 00 
9X0 04/3099 108X910 8X600 

Swedish Krona 

Dutch Guiltier 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 

4 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 

9 Germany 
10 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 

14 Treuhand 

15 Germany 

16 Treuhand 

17 Germany 

19 Germany 

20 Germany 

22 Germany 

23 Treuhand 
26 Germany 

28 Treuhand 

29 Treuhond 

30 Germany 

31 Treuhand 

32 Germany 

33 Germany 

34 Germany 

36 Germany Tbllis 

37 Germany 

38 Germany 

39 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Treuhand 

46 Germany 

47 Germany 

49 Treuhand 

50 Treuhand 

51 Treuhand 

52 Germany 

53 Germany 

55 Germany 

56 Treuhand 
58 Treuhond 

60 Germany 

61 Treuhand 

62 Germany 
64 Germany 
66 Treuhand 
69 Germany 

72 Germany 

73 Germany 

78 Germany 

79 Germany 
81 Germany 
83 Germany 
34 Germany 
85 Germany 

90 Germany 

91 Germany 

93 Germany 

94 Treuhand 

95 Germany 
97 Germany 

6ft 04/26/06 
6 01/04/07 
8 01 / 21/02 
6ft ion 4/05 
6 01/0306 
5 08/2301 
6ft 05/12/05 

8 07/22/02 
8ft 09/20/01 

5 0321/01 
7ft 09/OW04 
7ft 01/0305 
7ft 12/02/02 
3ft 12/18/98 
6ft 01AM/24 

6 02/1306 
3ft 09/18/98 
7ft 01/29/03 
7ft 11/11/04 
6ft 07/09/03 
6ft 06/1 1/03 
5ft 11/21/00 
6ft 07/01/99 
5ft 02/21/01 
Bft 0321/01 
6ft 07/1303 
zero 07/18/97 
5M 08/22/00 
5ft 05/15/00 

9 10/2300 
8ft 08/20-05 
6ft 04/2303 
8ft 02/20/01 
Bft 12/20/00 
6ft 0304/04 
7ft 1 0/01/02 
6ft 05/13/04 
Bft 07/20/00 
8ft 07/21/97 
71k 12/20/02 
6ft 0326/98 

6 11/12/03 

6ft 03/1300 

6ft 04/22/03 

7 12/22/97 

6ft 07/29/99 
6ft 0320/98 
6ft 09/1399 
7 01/1300 
6 06/20/16 
7ft 1321/02 
6 09/1303 
5ft 02/22/99 
6ft 07/1304 
6ft 01/20/98 
5ft 0328/99 
71k 1 Q/20/97 
5ft 10/20*98 
5ft 09/24/98 
7ft 02/21/00 
9 01/22/01 





























































25 Netherlands 
45 Netherlands 
70 Netherlands 
77 Netherlands 

86 Netherlands 

87 Netherlands 
92 Netherlands 
99 Netherlands 
109 Netherlands 
111 Netherlands 
114 Netherlands 

1 1 7 Netherlands 

118 Netherlands 
120 Netherlands 
123 Netherlands 
143 Netherlands 
149 Netherlands 
162 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 
181 Netherlands 

185 Netherlands 

186 Netherlands 
21 3 Netherlands 
21 5 Netherlands 
218 Netherlands 
225 Netherlands 
230 Netherlands 
235 Netherlands 

6ft 07/1398 104.1100 

6 01/15/06 10X0500 

5ft 09/1302 104X500 
Bft 09/1301 117X0 

8ft 02/1300 11X1500 

9 01/1301 116.70 

9 031300 115X500 

5ft 01/15/04 10X0000 

7 03/15/99 106.9500 
7 031305 109.9000 

6ft 11/1305 108.1500 
71k 01/1323 113.90 

8ft 0315/02 116ft 

7V. 10/01/04 111ft 

8ft 02/1307 119X500 
7ft 04/1310 114X000 
6Vk 04/1303 107.8000 
7ft 03/01/05114X500 
7Vk 06/15/9« 108.6200 
8Vk 0315/01 115.1800 
8ft 0301/00 114.1000 
7 02/1303 110X500 
7ft 11/1399 109X500 
9 07/01/00 115X500 
7ft 01/1300 110X500 
616 01/1399 105X500 
8ft 02/1302 1IS.B500 
6 ft 07/1398 104X000 

63 Sweden 
1 00 Sweden 1036 
182 Sweden 
199 Sweden 
237 Sweden 

11 01/21/99 11X2570 9X000 
10ft 030300 115X290 8X600 
6 02/09/05 97X010 XI 700 
13 06/1301 129.062010.0700 
6ft 10*2306 98X620 6X900 

U.S. Dollar 

6 Brazil Cop S.L 4ft 04/15/14 81X882 5X200 

11 Argentina FRNL 6ft 03/29.05 88.1383 7X200 

21 Argentina parL 5ft 0331/23 64.9870 8.0600 

44 Brazil 6 ft 01/01/01 97.9500 6X400 

48 Mexico lift 05/15/26 109.6250 10X900 

54 Brazil L 6ft 04/15/06 89.9880 7X200 

57 Brazil par Zl 5 04/1324 64X510 7X600 

65 Brazil XL 6*i» 04*15/12 79X510 8X400 

67 Venezuela par A 6ft 03/31/20 77X750 8X700 

68 Mexico par A 6ft 12/31/19 75X563 8.2600 

71 France OAT 
127 France OAT 
133 France B.TAN. 
141 France BTAN 
146UK T-noie 
148 Britain 
157 France OAT 
180 France OAT 
183 France OAT 
193 France OAT 
214 France BTAN 
244 Cals Coop Econ 

7ft 04/25/05 

6 03*1601 
5 03/16/99 

5 01/26/99 
9Vk 02/21/01 

6 OX-2304 
9ft 04/25/00 

6ft 04/2302 
Bft 04/25/22 
7ft an 698 
4'A* 02/26/06 













74 Brazil S-ZJ 6ft 04/1324 80.1500 X1 100 

B0 Mexico par 8 6ft 12/31/19 75.6010 8X700 

82 Ecuador 3 02/28/15 67X824 4.4500 

89 Mexico 9ft 01/15/07 102X500 9.6600 

96 Argentina L 6ft 03/31/23 81.1120 7X600 

103 Bulgaria 6>V» 07/28/11 52.7260 12X800 

110 Brazil S.L 6ft, 04/1309 85.1250 7.7100 

113 Poland 6ft 10/27/24 98X000 6X100 

121 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 94X545 7X900 

122 Mexico 7fte 08/06/01 10X9000 7X000 

125 Poland 4 10-27/14 84X000 4.7500 

126 Ecuador par 3ft 02/28/25 47X717 6X800 

129 Mexico A 6.4531 12/31/19 91X760 7X500 
132 Argentina 5"/* 04/01/01 125.7000 4X200 
134 Mexico D 6X51612/28/19 90X000 7.0200 

1 36 Colsse Dehe SOC5J594 12/10*01 99.7500 5X700 

137 Ford Motor 5M» 01/17/02 99.7900 5.7000 

138 Mexico lift 09/1316 1 09X500 10.4100 

140 Britain 5Vn 10/04/01 99X600 5X200 

144 Brazil Cbond S.L 4ft 04/1314 85X387 5X600 

Finnish Markka 

1«5 Wachovia 8k 
151 Finland 
153 Min Fin. Russ 
158 EIB 
163 Bulgaria 
165 Ecuador 
168 Canada 
171 Argentina 
177 EIB 
195 Bulgaria 

7 10/17/08 99X500 7.0500 
5ft 02/27/06 93X750 6X600 
9ft 11/27/01 97X000 9.4900 
7ft 09/18/06 102.6250 6.9400 
6"/* 07/28/24 57X00011X700 
6ft 02/28/25 72.9367 19100 
6ft 05/30/01 100X000 64700 
1 1 1009/06 1 05X750 1 0.4400 
zero 1 1/06/26 13 7.0800 

2ft 07/28/12 39X760 5.7000 

197 Btc Cap Trust 1 6X43812/3326 99.0000 6-4100 

179 Finland Serials 7ft 04/18/06 108X991 6X800 

French Franc 

116 France OAT 7ft 
159 France BTAN 7 
161 France B.TAN. 4ft 
170 France OAT 7ft 
175 France OAT 6ft 
188 France B.TAN. 5ft 
229 France OAT 8ft 
245 France OAT 5ft 

1 112.6200 
I 109X900 
101 .8400 

198 Argentina 8ft 1 2/211-03 95X500 8.7900 

200 Fed Rep Brazil 8ft 11/0301 100.7500 8X100 

201 Mydfa Trust zero 09/1 307 88.1600 zero 

202 Nigeria 614 11/1320 68.4200 9.1300 

206 Fannie Mae 6ft 01/16/02 99X750 6X800 

208 Azg Cap Fund 6ft 02/14*06 93X750 6X300 

210 Panama pdl 6%» 07/17/16 84X125 7X100 

202 Nigeria 
206 Fannie Mae 
208 Azg Cap Fund 
210 Panama pdl 

211 Argentina Pied 5>V» 09X1/02 110.1000 

217 Mexico B 

219 Ecuod pdl Reg 

220 World Bank 

6ft 12/31/19 90.9956 7.0100 
3 02/28/15 67.7533 4.4300 
6ft 08/21/06 99X750 6X700 

223 Venezuela par B 6ft 03/31/20 77.9375 8X600 

Irish Punt 

6ft 10/18/01 103.1000 6.3000 

Italian Lira 

102 Deutsche BK Fin zero 01/20/32 

224 Britain 6ft 07/19,-01 101X500 6X700 

227IADB Aft 09/27,01 101X000 6.7700 

231 Poland par 3 1327/24 55X767 5X700 

232 IBRD 5X80009/27/99 98X849 5.7400 

238 Mexico C 61k 12/31/19 91.0035 7.0100 

240 Mexico 9ft 02/06/01 104X750 9X400 

241 Philippines Fix 8ft 1QX7.-16 102X000 8X400 

243 Ferrovie Delta 9!-» 07/D3D9 117ft 7.7600 

246 Italy B zero 01,104)1 77.7500 6X500 

249ArgSonexB9 5X45512/28,99 36X62515X100 
250 Stand Charted! 5.9000 12/3V99 86.37C0 6.6300 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar. April 21-25 

A schoduto of this rraoh’seconarmc end Bnancial events. compton tor the Intamahonal HeMd Tnbune Dy Bloomberg Business News 




Expected Tokyo: Japan-China hold talks 
This Week aimed at reaching a new bilateral 
fishing- rights agreement. Monday 
and Tuesday. 

Seoul: Seoul Motor Show ’97. 
Starts Thursday. 

Earnings: Aberfoyld, Daimaru, 
Goldfields, RGC. 

Duesseldorf: 'Telecommunications 
Conference." organized by the 
American Chamber of Commerce in 
Germany. Thursday and Friday. 
London: "Oil and Gas in Latin Amer- 
ica — The Challenges Ahead," or- 
ganized by Global Energy Studies. 

Washington: The international Mon- 
etary Fund/World Bank to hold 
spring meeting. 

Vancouver, British Columbia: 
Canadian Electricity Association 
conference. Though Wednesday. 
San Diego: Internet strategies for 
utilities. Wednesday through Friday. 

April 21 

Bangkok: Commercial banks and 
finance and securities companies to 
release results for the quarter end- 
ed March. 

Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 
to release diffusion index for Febru- 

Madrid: Industrial production index. 
Stockholm: R/ksbank to release cur- 
rent account data for February. 
Earnings: Astra. Boisset, Eurotun- 
nel. Norsk Hydro, Dassault Sys- 
temes. Svenska Handelsbanken. 

Ottawa: Wholesale trade data for 

Washington: Treasury Department 
to release budget statement for 

Eamings: Amoco. AT&T. BellSouth, 
Exxon. Union Carbide. Wells Fargo. 

April 22 

Manila: Government to issue its 
first 20-year fixed-rate bond. 
Tokyo: Toa Fence begins trading 
on the over-the-counter market. 
Eamings: First Shanghai. 

Bonn: Six leading economic insti- 
tutes to release joint spring forecast 
on the economy. 

Prague: Foreign trade data for 

Eamings: Atlas Copco. Asea Brown 
Boveri, Mannesmann, PofyGram. 

Mexico City: Foreign-reserves data 

and results of weekly auction of gov- 
ernment securities. 

Ottawa: Retail sales data for Febru- 
ary and consumer price index for 

Eamings: 3M, Shell. UAL. Xerox. 

Wednesday Wellington: Employment and un- 
ApriJ 23 employment data for the quarter end- 

ed March. 

Manila: Securities and Exchange 
Commission hearing on alleged 
stock manipulation by D harm ala Se- 
curities and All Asia Securities. 

Paris: European Commission to Buenos Aires: Industrial production 

publish economic forecasts for 1 997 data for March 

Securities.” thanks to policy blunders 
that resulted in a period of exceptionally 
desynchronized economic activity in 
the United States, Germany and Japan. 

“The tranquillity of the 1990s is not 
due to sudden major shifts in the be- 
havior of bond markets or real econ- 
omies. Instead, the world had a lucky 
break. ’ ' the UBS analysts wrote, due to 
“a unique set of accidents." 

These are identified as the reunifi- 
cation of Germany at the wrong rate of 
exchange, which set off an inflationary 
boom that then had to be contained, and 
the virtual locking of exchange rates 
within the European Union, in prep- 
aration for monetary' union, to an ap- 
preciating Deutsche mark. 

The ensuing deflation in Europe co- 
incided with Japan's belated efforts to 
burst the bubble that had been permitted 

to develop in domestic asset prices, 
severely damaging its financial system. 

As a result, the volatility of the global 
business cycle has been minimized. 

“There are only a very few instances 
this century — 1929, 1969, 1987 — 
when this measure of instability has 
been so low,” the authors wrote. 

Despite the ominous comparison, 
they added that they "do not forecast a 

* ‘Chances are that the present highly 
stable conditions will continue this year 
and next,” the authors wrote, and then 
ebb as volatility in global activity picks 

The timing of that expected turn- 
around is difficult to call, the authors 
acknowledge. But “for tire next year or 
so." they said, investors should remain 
fully invested in stocks. For them, that 

means keeping 60 percent of po^os 
in equities, 30 percent in bonds and 10 

^ They ^ recommend overweighting 
stock holdings in Japan and 
underweigh tmg exposure ^ JeUmted 
States, where they see the greatest 

downside risk. . , 

"In the very long run, bonds are 
likely to be a better defensive play than 
stocks.” the analysts wrote- r° r 
they advocate bonds denominated in 

dollars or pounds. 

While U.S. and British interest rates 
are expected to continue rising, the ana- 
lysts predicted much less risk in those 
currencies than in bonds denominated in 
marks or yen, as German and Japanese 
interest rates have not yet begun to rise 
and the possibility of such an increase is 
not priced into bonds. 

173Dfesdner8ank zero 11/20/26 10.1501 7.9700 
187 Morgan Trust zero 01/21/27 1290 7.0600 

For Bonds , a Lull Before the Sell-Off 

0230/02 117ft 4X600 

06/20/00 111U 4X400 

12/20/04 117ft 4X500 

09/2006 103X000 29100 
02/01/02 89X000 3X500 
06/08/05 108X250 24500 

189 Norway TWlls 4.700003/19/97 3X600139.9000 

C.rrrpdrJ b\ Our juS Fnan Pupaxbes 

NEW YORK — With no major eco- 
nomic reports on the horizon to in- 
fluence Treasury bond prices this week, 
investors are likely to focus on new 
supply coming into the market. 

The Treasury will auction $17.0 bil- 
lion of 2-year notes Tuesday and $12.5 
billion of 5-year notes Wednesday. 
Traders and investors said the likeliest 
short-term scenario was for prices to 
hover around current levels this week, 
though they did not rule out a slight drop 
after the auctions. 

The yield on the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond issue finished last week 
ar 7.05 percent, down from 7.18 percent 
the previous week, as prices rose. The 
market got a helping hand from inflation 
data and a few numbers pointing to 
some softening in economic activity. 

But most investors dismissed the pos- 
sibility that the bond market's sell-off 
was over. The prospect of one or pos- 
sibly two more rate increases by the 

Federal Reserve Board will keep Treas- 
ury prices under pressure in coming 
mouths, they said. 

“The fact of the matter is, the Fed's 
going to have to tighten more and the 
economy is still strong.” said Mike 


Sanchez, a portfolio manager at Hotch- 
kis & Wiley Funds. “Rates generally 
need to move modestly higher.” 

Scott Colbert, director of fixed in- 
come at Commerce Bank Investment 
Management Group, said he thought the 
Fed needed to raise rates twice more. He 
predicted that the yield on the 30-year 
bond would climb back to 73 percent 
before the economy was dampened. 

He noted that consumers had become 
more secure in their jobs and were seeing 
their eamings rise. In that more favor- 
able economic environment, he said 
mortgage rates would have to rise to 8.5 
percent or 8.75 percent, from just below 

8 percent, to have an impact on growth. - 
The market made a mistake late last - 
year, he said, when it rallied and drove 
mortgage rates lower while the economy • 
was still in good shape. 

Among the data lifting bond prices - 
last week were the decline in the Phil- ‘ 
adelphia Fed's April business survey, - 
die nse in initial unemployxnenfclaims, “ 
the weakening in die weekly chain store - 
sales surveys and the 2-point drop in the * 
borne builders' April survey. - 

‘Tffi fully aware that every one of ■ 
those things can be explained away,” l 
said Patrick Dimick. a UBS Securities ■ 
Treasury market strategist. ‘ ‘But taken as * 
a whole, the composite picture is one of a 
potentially pronounced loss of economic * 
momentum from March into April.” 1 

He said such a slowdown would ’ 

probably be a one-month phenomenon. L 
Even so, he said, slower April growth ■ 

could prevent the Fed fium raising rates ] 
at its May 20 meeting. 

(Bridge News. Market News) ' A 

Junk Bonds Post Largest Gains in 2 Months 

Bhxvnbent News 

NEW YORK — Junk bonds have 
made their biggest gains in more than 
two months, as cash began to. flow back 

into high-yield bond mutual funds. 
Total returns on iunk bonds rose ( 

Total returns on junk bonds rose 0-55 
percent last week, based on 860 issues 
tracked by Merrill Lynch & Co. The 

increase helped offset losses among 
high-yield bonds since late March, 
when the Federal Reserve Board raised 
interest rates. 

Individual investors and brokers, de- 
termining that junk bonds have fallen 
enough to reflect attractive values, are 
returning to (he high-yield market. They 

invested $101.2 million in high-yield 
braid mutual funds for the week through 
Wednesday, according to AMG Data 
Services, the first net inflow in a month. 

But worries remain, especially given 
the likelihood that the Fed will again 
raise rates when its policy-making com- 
mittee meets May 20. 

New International Bend Issues 

Compiled by Paul Horen 




Mat % Pries 

Floating Rate Notes 

American Express Credit 

0.Q5 99X82 — Over Sfiwnth Unr. NoseaMbie. Fee* 0.175%. (Goldman SochaJ 

China Investment Bonk 

0.45 100 - 

Orer6-fnonm Llm. NonarSabie. Foes 035%. DenomfciaflonsS250a0QL (Chase Manhattan 

Ford Credit Auto Loan 
Master Trust 

0.09 100 — Over 3-aiairthUbor.NMcnUatiia. Fees 0X75%. (GoUmanSadaJ 

General Motors Accepta nee SI .000 


0.125 99.761 — Over 3-montfi Libor. Noncaioble. Fees 8225%. (Morgan Stanley.) 

National Bank of New 

libor 99.945 — Interest «m be 3-mowti Ltaor. NoncaltaWe. Fees 0.125%. (MenfllLynaO 

Sunlrust Banks 

City of Gothenburg DM250 

Korean Development Bank DM500 

Avco Trust £125 

0.08 100 

~ao 2 Too" 

— Over lUnonth Ubor. NancnOabte. Fees not dtadcsed. Entomon BrottwsJ 

— Under 3- month Ltoor. Noncoflabie. Fees 0.15%. (Deutsche Morgan GrenML) 

0.15 100 — Over 3-manth Ubar. Nencallable. Fees 020%. raresdner Kteimvort BeraonJ 

0.10 99.965 — Over 3-morth Libor. Noncoflabte. Fees 0.1 25%. (UBS J 

Britannia Building Society 

0.40 99-89 — 

Ore r 3-month Ubor.CaBabte at par kn 2002 thereafter coupon wll be 0.90% over 3-montti Ubar. ' 
Fees 040%. Denominations £100000. (Lehman BiuthereJ 

HypothekenbonK in Essen FF3.000 

ft 1 00.Q58 — 

Over 3-month Fiber. NaraUaUe. Fees 0.10%. DenamhaffOns FF7OW0Q. (CmdirCammeftJai 
da France j 

Morgan Stanley Infl. 


0.05 99.95 — Over 3-manlti Ubar. Noncaioble. Fees 0.15%. (Crafti itaOanaJ 


Boyerische Hypetbeken- 
und Wechselbank 

2001 7 101X25 — Reofferetfaf P9.85. NancaEoMe. Fees I Wfe. (Bear Stearns InrtJ 

Capa me* Industries 

2004 11 ft 99.901 — Caflabte In 2002 Fees nor dhetosed. (OttoankJ 

DG Bank- Deutsche 

6 100 — 

interest vrW be 6% unS 199a resetting annually thereafter at 4ft%. 6W*» 7% and BWflfc. 
NoncollaUe. Fees not dsdomcL (DG BankJ 


European investment Bonk 

Glaxo Wellcome 

Japan Development Bank 

IBM infl. Finance 

Merrill Lynch 

Merrill Lynch 

Westib Finance Curacao 

7 101.58 

7Vi 101/161 

7 101X78 

6 ft 100.913 

7ft 101X57 

7ft 1 01 .483 — 

7ft 101X25 

Bank Fur Arbeit und 

4ft 101.70 — 

Reoffered at 99.98. NoncaBabte. Fees I (Gormn ei flwntU 

Reoffered at 99.786. PtoncnOabte. Foes 2%. DenorntnoBons SI OtaOO. (Goldman SothiJ 

Reoffeted at 99425. Nonadtabte. Fees 1 3#%. tCSFBJ 
Reoffered at 99.753. NoncaMabia. Fees 1 **%. (Goldman ScefaJ 
Reottered at 99 738. Nona* table. Fees 1 **%. (Swiss Bank CwpJ 

Reotfered at WJ82 NanealkiUe. Fen 1 Wb. (Mentu Lynchj 

Reottered or 99 .908. NoncollaUe. Fees l w% (Menffl Lynthj 

Reoffered at 99.9aColtoWe at par In 1999. Fees 19W6u (Lehman BrothereJ ” 

Reoffered at 99.775, NoncollaUe. Fen 215%. Oarertsthe LandesbankJ • 

KFW Inti. Finance 

4ft 101.722 

Rheinhyp FI nonce 



4ft 101X45 
4ft 99.64 

Reoftered at 99.972 Nonatfabte. Fees 2%. ICSFBJ 
Reoffered at 99.82 NammUaUe. Fen Iftftv CGomnimbanfcj 

Reoffered at 99.47. Nonadtabie. increased bom 1 baton madcL Fen 023%. (Deutsche Morgan ' 
GrenML) • 

European Investment Bonk 

7ft 102.72 

Korea Electric Power 

F. Van LansdMt Bankiere 

Deutsche Bank Finance 


6 ft 101.065 

United Mexican States 

European Bonk for 
Reconstruction and 

SARI, 000 " 

NonatttrWe. Fen (U2S%. (Borcfoys de zaete WedtL) 

Nonadtabte. F«ca 0J5%. (Swiss BonX CorpJ 
Reotfwed at 99xa Nonadtabta. Fees 2ft. (ABN AMRO HoareGowffj 
Nonailtatne. Fen I Wfc. (Peutsclw Morgan GtenwiX* ' 

Noncanuw. Fees 0.7D?fc. (Deutsche Morgen Gr»rWU 

zero 7.40 — 

YteW 1198. Fungible with outstanding Issue raising total amauntts 6 bNon rand. NaxoltoWe- 

Fen 050%. (Ham bras BankJ 



: •S?** Ificl 

m I: 



ZJ. f TTJl' 


£3? -ft 

^ A.' 






, .;13 

7? TtaFw. 



and 1998. 

London: Retail sales data for 

Copenhagen: Consumer price in- 
dex for March. 

Santiago: Trade balance data for 

Toronto: Stock exchange's last day 
of floor trading before switching to a 
wholly automated trading system. 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock indexes 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 

Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 
to release consumer and business 
sentiment indexes for the quarter 
ended March. 

Wellington: Foreign trade data for 

Paris: Bank of France monetary pol- Brasilia: CMN. the monetary coun- 

icy council to meet. Industrial pro- 
duction data for January. 
Stockholm: Riksbank board to 

Vienna: Austrian National Bank to 
hold annual general meeting- 

cil, to hold monetary policy meeting. 
Ottawa: Employment, eamings and 
working hours data for February. 
Washington: Initial weekly state un- 
employment compensation insur- 
ance claims. 

Hong Kong: Pacific Ports lists trad- 
ing on Hong Kong exchange. 

Seoul: Parliamentary Investigation 
related to the Hanbo Group scandal 
resumes, with questioning of Kim 
Hyun Chul. a son of President Kim 
Young Sam, 

Paris: Consumer price index for 

Sao Paulo: Inflation data for 30 
days ended Tuesday. 

Stockholm: Trade balance and pro- Ottawa: Industrial product and raw 

ducer price data for March. 

materials price indexes tor March. 

Eamings: Ericsson. Paribas. Trelle- Washington: Existing-home sales 

data for March. 

Eamings: Kellogg, US West. 

Unlfed State 
Dj Indus. 


DJ Tram. 







Nikkei 225 


FTSE 100 


TSE Indus. 

F ran ce 




Hone Kang 
Haig Sang 

Prime rate 
Federal fun* nrte 

Mr.U 4pr.1l YrUgoYriam 

Weekly Sales 

Primary Moira 

UJL S, long term 

Call money 
3-montti biteraank 

4X10X0 427070 


Bank base rate 
Can money 

3 -mwmt kiteTOcn* 

U.S.S, short terai 

Pounds sferffng 

French francs 
Italian sre 
Danish kroner 
SwtrBsb Honor 

ECU* Iona term 

ECIK nkrnlam 





&826J0 &69000 

2547.56 2574.56 

MBveralon rate 
Call money 
3-month Interbank 

7JS 7X11 
678 6JSJ 

649 644 

7-68 774 
5X11 5J» 
7X8 7M 
577 5X4 
554 5J9 
6X6 &2B 
5X9 5X2 
649 648 
7£7 775 
8X3 8X3 
1-65 1,68 

70S 653 
679 6.10 
650 5.96 
775 7X19 
Sm 456 
770 673 
5.92 5X8 
541 487 
6X2 576 
5X3 476 
6X1 570 

7X6 7.11 
8X9 7.19 
1X4 144 

, , , * He* S NMS 

Shunts — 5B4X 3585 904X 

Convert. — 59 1 cno nj 

FRNs 159X 2534 2409 

}}-«BX 7^16X nSS? 107449 
Total 11X17X 0715 X 13X825 1191 OX 

Sounx Luxembourg stock eaten#. 


~ 5S55F 

2(W3ft< ®|998.1 

45&0 12500 1X02X 
FRNs 184734 48634 411257 4851.1 
S ill ZJU 11X604 Ssmj w 

Trtol 53X209 37X308141.9417 423174 

Same; anudeac Cede/ Bor*. 

13*09 1343.05 

12X41.18 1251640 

CaB money 
3-7Tn»m inretjai* 

Libor Rates 

*13X1 805X3 

Gfijd Apr. 18 Apr. Ill 

London p.m. fo£ 34210 347X5 

tvorks/mfer from Marian Stonier Capita/ Infl PerspeOhre. 

Dwtediemnm ^ TO Mj Ch,lta *' 

Rwnaste** Wte US vS* 


2* 3ft 3ft* 

*ft* 4VU 4ft 

Va ft 

- * i I a *! 


- ::zi/ » <x\ 

- rlr 

■‘-i*’ •*•*'•*! 


J Dollar Stalled at a Crossroads 

I Traders Take Wait-and-See Attitude Ahead of G-7 

When a False Rumor Rocks Market 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Iniemjiional HcrM Tribune 

PARIS — Logic dictates that the 
dollar should remain strong because 
that is what currently suits the best 
interests of the United States. Ger- 
many and Japan. The official rhetoric 
from Japan and Germany, however 
suggests that the dollar has climbed 
enough — it not loo far. 

< So, analysts report, look for a stand- 
T off in the foreign-exchange market 
this week as operators hold back from 
a natural tendency to push the dollar 
higher and await some clarification of 
intentions from the regular spring 
meeting of finance ministers and cen- 
tral bankers of the Group of Seven 
leading industrialized countries in 
Washington next weekend. 

'•There's a natural tendency to be 
overweight dollars.” said Neil 
MacKinnon of Citibank in London. 
’’But it’s unlikely the market will do 
much this week, not until there are 
dearer signals from the G-7.” 

At their February meeting in Berlin. 
G-7 officials appeared intent on cap- 
ping the dollar's advance. In fact, all 
they did was to slow its advance. In the 
first six weeks of the year, the dollar 
cl imbed 6.3 percent versus the yen and 
4- 7.8 percent against the Deutsche 

mark. In the subsequent 11 weeks 
ended Friday, the dollar advanced a 

further 2 percem, to 125.885 yen. and 
3 percent, to 1 .7 1 1 8 DM. 

Policymaker rhetoric at the upcom- 
ing meeting ” probably will shift more 
strongly against additional dollar 
gains.” said Kermit Schoenholtz at 
Salomon Brothers Inc. in London. But, 
he added, with short-term U.S. interest 
rates likely to continue rising — 
adding to the attraction of holding dol- 
lars — the currency would likely climb 
to 130 yen and 1.75 DM. especially 
given that neither Japan nor Germany 
is in a position to support its currency 
through an increase in interest rates. 

Moreover, given the likely continu- 
ing U.S. need to slow the pace of 
growth. Western Europe no doubt 
would rather see a higher dollar bite 
into U.S. demand than an outright 
increase in U.S. rates, which could 
spill over to European bond and stock 
markets and impinge the recovery un- 
der way in Europe. 

The wild card in this outlook is Ja- 
pan. There is a limit to how much dollar 
strength/yen weakness it can tolerate 
— not just in terras of friction with the 
United States over an ever-widening 
Japanese trade surplus, but also in 
terms of the damage to its Pacific Basin 
trading partners, who are already un- 
able to compete with a cheap yen, and 
to Japanese industrialists who have in- 
vested heavily in offshore production. 

Were the dollar to threaten to break 

over the 130-yen level, some analysis 
say the Bank of Japan would raise" the 
discount rate from its record low of 0.5 
percent. The officially administered 
cost of overnight money is already be- 
low the discount rate, and analysts say a 
discount-rate increase would have min- 
imal impact on the real economy and 
maximum effect in scaring foreign- 
exchange traders out of selling yen. 

The danger is that Japan's ailing 
banking system can ill afford rhe 
likely loss on its holding of govern- 
ment bonds. On the other hand, a 
steepening of die Japanese yield curve 
would also enhance the earnings the 
banks yield from borrowing short- 
term and using the money to buy high- 
er yielding government paper. 

A lot also depends on how the econ- 
omy responds to the April increase in 
the consumption tax. A fast recovery, 
says Brendan Brown at Tokyo- Mit- 
subishi International in London, could 
bring an increase in the discount rate 
by late summer. 

Stephen Roach at Morgan Stanley & 
Co. sounds a similar warning, saying 
that Tokyo and Bonn both need to 
move from a position of ease to at least 
a policy of neutrality. "Both the Bank 
of Japan and the Bundesbank need to 
set real interest rates with an eye toward 
traditional cyclical considerations 
rather than allow them to be shaped by 
perceived structural perils." he said. * 

Chairman Ousted in Milan Bank War 

Hloombi-rz News 

MILAN — Banca Popolare di Milano 
SpA shareholders named Paolo Bassi 
chairman Sunday, ousting Francesco 
Cesarini after a long struggle between 
two factions for control of the bank. 

Mr. Bassi was elected with 5.207 
-votes, against 1 .275 votes for Mr. Cesar- 
' ?ni. during a shareholders’ meeting that 
lasted more than 12 hours. 

The bank is a popolare. or cooper- 
ative. meaning all shareholders and de- 
positors have one vote each at the com- 
pany's annual meeting regardless of the 
amount of stock they own or the size of 
their accounts. That increases employee 
clout at the expense of other share- 
holders like investment funds. 

Mr. Bassi was backed by employees 
protesting Mr. Cesarini 's management, 
which has promised to cut costs and 
reduce personnel. The outcome under- 

scored the difficulty Italian banks face 
in trying to dismiss workers and in- 
crease efficiency. 

The batik's unions and employees also 
sought to derail Mr. Cesarini 's proposal 
to change the bank's statutes, to give 
more weight to shareholders who are not 
employees or depositors by introducing 
die right to vote by mail and proxy. . 

In addition, Mr. Cesarini advocated 
opening the bank's board to represen- 
tatives of nonemployee shareholders. 

“ I made several proposals to improve 
the efficiency of the bank, and they were 
met with indifference if not downright 
rigidity.” he told shareholders in a 
speech during the meeting. “My main 
error was tftaf I was unable to endure the 
almost biblical time period that wrould 
have been needed to obtain full consent 
of all employees to proceed.” 

The victory for Mr. Bassi and the new 

Beijing Revamps Regulation 
Of Bankruptcies and Mergers 


BELTING — China has set up a group 
with responsibility For bankruptcies, 
takeovers and helping the jobless, tak- 
ing a major step toward tackling a com- 
munist taboo that has long hampered 
reform of the slate sector. 

The State Council, or cabinet, re- 
cently approved the establishment of the 
working group, the official Xinhua 
new s agency said Sunday. 

' While the number of bankruptcies in 
China has accelerated in recent yean?. 
Beijing has shied away from a wide- 
spread use of the practice because of 
controversy over the closure of state- 
tw ned companies and creation of a pool 
of urban jobless. 

* Under the new rules, the group will be 
responsible for handling bankruptcies 
and consol idaiions in cities designated as 
pilots for carrying out these methods of 
clbsing failed enterprises. Xinhua said. 

A chief aim will be to ensure the re- 
employment of workers, in order to 
safeguard social stability, it said. 

' Under the new rules, pilot cities must 
work w ith banks to decide whether in- 
solvent companies should be declared 
■riyAnkrupt and report the amount of bad 
kjebfs that must be covered by a central 
njnd before a company could proceed. 
.Xinhua said. 

China has said it will set aside 30 
billion yuan {S3 .60 billion) this year to 
cover bad debts of state enterprises, up 
from 20 billion yuan last year. 

An asset appraisal office approved by 
the central government will move into 
the insolvent company. Xinhua said. If 
the company used land owned by the 
stare, it said, the land would be trans- 
ferred to a new owner after irs value was 
independently appraised. 

Income from the sale of assets must 
first be used to re-employ jobless work- 
ers. it said, and if this money is in- 
sufficient the local government must set 
aside a sum equivalent to three times the 
average annual salary’ of each worker. 

Management officials responsible for 
the bankruptcy of a company will be 
punished and those who have committed 
crimes will face charges, it said. Gov- 
ernment officials responsible for the 
company may also face punishment 

In consolidations, the company that 
takes over will be responsible for all 
debts and workers, it said. But compa- 
nies that take over enterprises dial have 
lost money for the previous three years 
will be allowed to repay debts over five 
years without interest. 

A total of 6,232 enterprises declared 
bankruptcy in China last year, com- 
pared with 5395 from 1989 to 1995. 

By Floyd Norris 

l i nt Titi.w ien /. ,• 

NEW YORK — In economics books, 
you can read that the stock market is a 
rational place, where an efficient market 
allow s e\ ery stock to trade at a price that 
incorporates all publicly available in- 
formation. Sure it is. 

Consider the case of Castle Convert- 
ible Fund, a small closed-end fund that 
is traded on the American Stock Ex- 
change. Volume is normally low. and it 
trades with all the excitement and volat- 
ility you would expect from a diver- 
sified portfolio of convertible stocks 
and bonds. 

But for 22 wild minutes Tuesday, 
things were far from normal. 

A wave of sell orders swept into the 
Amex on its automatic order entry sys- 
tem. most of them from one discount 
brokerage firm. The price of the fund, 
which was S24.625 at 12:46 P.M.. when 
the first sell order came in. plunged to 
S20.25 by 12:5S. when the specialist 
called in an Amex floor official to dis- 
cuss w hat to do. 

The fund was called, and asked if it had 
any news to report, but it was not until 
1 :08 that trading was halted. By then, the 
wave of sell orders had pushed the price 

down to S16.75. or 32 percent below 
where it was before the selling started. 

After the fund said it had no news, 
trading reopened at 2:39. at S2 1 .50. and 
the price moved back to S23 by the 
close. All told. K*4.400 shares traded 
that day — more than had changed 
hands in any month during the last de- 
cade. That included 31,600 that were 
sold during the plunge. 

What happened?" It appears that 


someone heard that there was a scandal 
at a fund called CVF, which is the ticker 
symbol for the Castle fund and the way 
traders refer to it. There is such a scan- 
dal. But it involves an offshore fund, the 
Czech Value Fund, which had invested 
in a fraudulent operation. 

Czech Value's problems had been 
reported the previous Friday in The Fi- 
nancial Times of London, using CVF as 
an abbreviation. Somebody then told 
investors to bail out of the w'rong CVF. 
and the sell orders came in. 

The Amex specialist trading the stock. 
Paul Oscher of Crooks. Oseher & Co., 
said he had acted responsibly. But David 
Alger, the fund's manager, said he had 
asked the Amex to change specialists 

because this one did not meet its ob- 
ligation ro maintain an orderly market. 

“I thought a seven-point drop was 
excessive, given dial this was not a 
semiconductor company that reported 
bad earnings. ’ ' Mr. Alger said. 

Thomas Ryan, the president of the 
Amex. says the specialist did his duty. 
But. Mr. Ryan conceded Friday. ”in 
retrospect, we probably should have 
stopped trading earlier than we did.” 

That admission of error, amazingly 
enough, is being backed up with a 
money-back offer. Those W'ho sold 
shares during the plunge are being 
offered the opportunity to reprice the 
trades a! $21 .50. Assuming they accept, 
that will cost the Amex about 548.000. 

The real issue here is the illustration 
of how irrational markets can be. Some- 
times a flood of orders — buy or sell — 
indicates something has really changed: 
sometimes it indicates something else. 

Thai is true for an obscure fund like 
Castle, and it can be true for the entire 
market. A week ago, the Dow Jones 
industrial average fell 217 points in four 
days. Lasr week ir rose 3 1 1 points. Why? 
First the sellers, and then perhaps the 
buyers, got carried away. The market 
may be rational in the long run, but the 
short-term story can be very different. 

Oakmark Select Fund Is a Fast Starter 

board chosen by the bank's unions will 
hammer the bank’s stock Monday, ana- 
lysts said. 

“It’s not cautious to substitute a 
driver who has shown he was doing a 
good job.” said Massimo Fortuzzi. a 
mnd manager at Finanza & Futuro 

Hie vote is the culmination of months 
of strife between a group of Mr. Cesar- 
ini ’s allies on the board and those di- 
rectors representing workers, who 
picked Mr. Bassi to lead the challenge. 

Tn March, the Bank of Italy inter- 
vened. telling Mr. Cesarini and the 
board to clear up the dispute over 
whether the bank would change its stat- 
utes. It hinted that if Banca Popolare's 
board was unable to come up with a 
solution to modify the statutes, the cen- 
tral bank would find a solution on its 

Taiwan Criteria 
Threaten to Curb 
China Investment 


TAIPEI — Taiwan has drafted a 
new set of criteria that may be used 
to regulate the level of investment 
in China, officials said. 

“The criteria were drafted by a 
group of scholars and experts at the 
request of the Economics Min- 
istry.” an Investment Commission 
official said over the weekend, 
“and we might use them to screen 
our indirect investment in mainland 
China in the future.” 

“But before we use them, we 
would first seek consensus from 
government officials, businessmen 
and lawmakers.” the official said. 

The criteria would help determine 
if a Taiwan investment in a Chinese 
industry, with a possible transfer of 
technology, would harm industries 
in Taiwan, he said. The criteria 
would set a ceiling on the invest- 
ment, which the official said would 
affect mostly larger Taiwan firms. 

Taiwan has banned direct con- 
tact with China since the end of 
civil war in 1949. but more than 
30.000 Taiwan companies have in- 
vested an estimated $30 billion in 
China since a thaw in the 1980s. 

By Virginia M unger Kahn 

,\V» York rimes Sen in- 

NEW YORK — New mu- 
tual funds often seem like 
lime bombs. Once they reach 
a certain size or notoriety, 
they blow up. But it does not 
have to be that way. 

A recent scan of this year s 
top performers turned up a 
striking new fund that shuns 
high-flying technology slocks, 
is not plunging into initial pub- 
lic offerings and is not relying 
on a performance record 
achieved before the public had 
a chance to buy into it 

It is Oukmark Select, pan 
of rbe Oakmark family of 
funds from Harris Associates 
in Chicago. Its first months of 
life, though unlikely to be du- 
plicated, have proved most 
beneficial to the early birds. 

The fund is led bv William 

Nygren. 38. who is also di- 
rector of research for the Oak- 
mark funds. In that role, he 
identifies stock opportunities 
along with six other analysts 
and they then try to sell their 
best ideas to the company’s 
money managers. 

Oakmark Select generally 
has fewer than 20 stocks in its 
portfolio (it had IS as of Jan. 
3 1 ). and its top five usually 
account for 50 percent of as- 
sets. Mr. Nygren said. 

So far. that strategy looks 

The fund, introduced Nov. 
1 . gained a stunning 25 per- 
cent in its first three months, 
compared with a 12 percent 
rise for the Standard & Poor's 
500 stock index. Even after 
the recent downturn in the 
market, the fund is up 5.3 
percent so far this year, well 
ahead of the 3.3 percent gain 

of the S&P 500 with rein- 
vested dividends. 

The healthy returns can be 
attributed in no small pan to 
the takeover boom. Mr. Ny- 
gren estimated that 8 percent- 
age points of the fund’s total 
return in the first quarter came 
from the announced buyouts 
of two of his biggest holdings: 
First USA Inc., a credit-card 
company that agreed to be 
acquired by Banc One Corp. 
in January, and McDonnell 
Douglas Corp.. which agreed 

to become a part of Boeing 
Co. in December. 

Before the acquisitions 
were announced, the two in- 
vestments accounted for 30 
percent of Oakmark Select’s 
assets. The stocks were typ- 
ical Oakmark selections. 

Both companies were 
priced by the stock market at 
discounts to their value if sold 
in their entirety', and both 
were managed by executives 
who had a big stake in the 


Socieie d'ln*.esiwiiK*nt a Capital Variable 
Kjnsallis House. Place de I’Etoile. 

B P. 2i?4. L-UCI Luxenibours 
R.C. Ni- B 20494 


Scaur is hereby cixen that an Extraordinary General Meeting 
t-t Shareholder* of Fidelity Frontier Fund Sicav nhe ••Fund"i 
» ill he held at the quitted "1 lice of the Fund in Luxembourg 
on Max 2. l‘*“ at *L4? j m. the following agenda: 

I T n hear the report of the liquidator. 

2. To appoint an auditor to the liquidation. 

If you ore unable to attend the aboxe Extraordinary General 
Meeting, j ou are ureed io execuie the enclosed proxy and return 
it to the registered ofliee of ihe Company prior 10 the date of 
the Meeting. 

Fidelity Investments 


Societe d'lnvestissement d Capital variable 
2, boulevard Royal, Luxembourg 

RC. Luxrmlxmrg B-23D23 


Notice is herein «i\cn that an extraordinary General Meeting 
of shareholders of die almxe Fund (the “Fundi will he held at 
the office* of Bonquc Internationale a Luxembourg, Societe 
•\nonxmc. tin. route d'Esch. 1.-1470 Luxembourg, on April 
3f«h.'l W7 al 2.IIU p.m. to cpfMder. and if thought fit, pass the 
following resolution*: 


1. Thai the Fund be put Into liquidation with 
effect from the date of the parsing of this 

2. That Ranque Internationale a Luxembourg; 
S.A. be appointed a« Liquidator of the Fund. 

The quorum Tor tin* merlin!.* is shareholders representing .W* 
or the shares outstanding in the Fund, xvhether present in 
person or bx prow. In order to pass a resolution to liquidate 
the Fund, shareholder* shares representing two thirds of the 
shares represented at tin* Meeting will he required lo xoie in 
favour of tin* resolution. 

IT the quorum is nni reached, a second meeting will he held on 
June 2nd. 1997 at the same place at 2.00 p.m" lo consider the 
same agenda. Vt such reconvened meeting there shall he no 
quorum requirement. 

Holders of bed re r shares who xvish to attend the meeting, 
should deposit ilreir share certificate with Bamiue 
Internationale a Luxembourg S.\„ 60. route d’Esch. L-1470 
Luxembourg by no later than 5.30 pm (Luxembourg Time) on 
the day before the Meeting. 



For further details 
on bow to place your listing contact: 
Julian STAPLES in London 
Tel: (44) 171 836 4802 
Fax: (44) 1 71 240341 7 

International Foreign Exchange Corporation 

Margin 3 - 5°b - 24 hour trading desk 
Call for information package & free daily newsletter 

86 tus route de Frontenex - 1208 Geneva - Switzerland 
Tei 141) 22 849 741 1 - |41 ) 22 849 744Q - Fax (41 ) 22 700 1913 


THE wrimirs DXIU - vtTsPXPm 




SINCE 1891 


'4nt inmaca.jy- 


RAGE 16 


Singapore’s Retail Sales Dip 17.6% 

SINGAPORE (AFP) — Singapore's retail sales plunged 
1 7.6 percent in February from a year earlier, official figures 
showed Sunday, as hand-pressed retailers battle increasing 
competition for shopping dollars. 

February retail sales, defined as those sold directly for 
personal and household consumption, reached 1.75 billion 
Singapore dollars ($1.2 billion), die department of statistics 
said. It represented a 17.6-percent contraction from February 
1 996, and an even steeper 30. 1 percent fall from the previous 
month. The department blamed the dip on the fewer days in 
February and a spending decline following Chinese Lunar 
New Year festivities. 

All retail sales segments except petrol service stations 
reported lower sales in February compared to January, the 
department said in a news release. 

U.S. Markets Await Influx of German Companies 

SGB Ready to Cede Noncore Stakes 

BRUSSELS (Reuters) — The Belgian holding company. 
Societe Generale de Belgique SA. is willing to give up control 
of its nonstrategic assets, the SGB chairman. Etienne Dav- 
ignon, said. 

"Even though all SGB’s assets, with the exception of 
Tractebel, are no longer strategic. SGB will keep supporting 
them frilly.” Mr. Davignon was quoted as saying in Belgian 
financial daily De Financieel-Economische Tijd. Tractebel is 
a utility holding company. “SGB is even willing to give up 
control of these units, if it is in their interest.” 

Following the announcement of the planned merger of 
SGB's French parent company. Compagnie de Suez, with the 
French utility group Lyonnaisc des Eaux. Tractebel is now the 
only strategic Belgian asset in the new merged group, which 
wants to become a world leader in utilities services. 

Bloomberg Ne*s 

FRANKFURT — Investors seek- 
ing easier access to German compa- 
nies on U.S, stock markets could 
soon get just that, according to Arthur 
Levitt, chairman of the U.S. Secu- 
rities and Exchange Commission. 

“In coming weeks I believe we 
will see more great German compa- 
nies announcing listings on the U.S. 
market’ * he said at a Frankfurt con- 
ference to promote U.S. listings. 

Only four companies from Ger- 
many, the world’s third-largest 
economy, are listed on the New 
York Stock Exchange, which boasts 
295 non-U.S. companies, while two 
are listed on the Nasdaq, which car- 
ries more than 400 non-U.S. compa- 

The main obstacle has been the 

stringent U.S. requirement for open 
reporting of balance sheets. "Die 
same accounting and capitalization 
requirements apply to American de- 
positary receipts, which give title to 
nan-\J S. shares, as they do for com- 
mon shares. 

“The reason that companies 
don’t come is they fear the bureau- 
cracy of ihe U.S.,” Mr. Levitt said. 
“We will do all we can toencourage 

Daimler-Benz AG was the first 
German company to list its shares 
on the Big Board’ in 1993. followed 
by the carbon and graphite maker 
S’GL Carbon AG and the pump 
maker Pfeiffer Vacuum Technology 
AG last summer and Deutsche 
Telekom AG in November. 

The companies listed on the Nas- 

daq are the cable network o 
Digiiale Telekabel AG and the bio- 
pharmaceutical company Qiagen 

The chemicals company Hoechst 
AG and the utility VEBA AG have 

but officials admitted more cosif* 
cutting was needed, Reuters report- 
ed from Frankfurt. 

“Only the fax estimate, to be re- 
leased in May, willpresem new- clar- 
ity about fiscal affairs.' a Finance 
Ministry spokesman said, brushing 

software company SAP AG. which 
could benefit from the extra pub- 
licity a U.S. listing could_ bnog. 

More than a quarter of SAP’s sales 
are in the United States. 

w anu me uiimy v caw hu nave But an SAP spokesman said the said, brusftrnc 

announced plans to list on the New company “still has no plains at the ^ newspaper Welt am 

York exchange. They will have to moment to list on the U.S. mar- Gennanfwas close to 

£ -j Uffi gg. 

SESffSS® Mi. *.»■•« 

and BASF AG. the electronics lead- 
er Siemens AG, the utility RWE AG 
and Deutsche Bank AG. 

■ Bonn Denies Deficit Threat 

The Bonn government denied re- 


' t 

conform with U.S. rules. 

The possibility of more chemical 
and other major companies announ- 
cing a listing is “pretty high,” said 
Rainer Wunderlin. a director at the 
Frankfurt arm of Bank of New York. 
Germany's largest issuer of ADRs. 

Mr. Wunderlin also pointed to 
companies such as the machinery 

Bonn s on iiu U1W — , 

months stood at 40 billion Deutsche 
marks (S2329 billion), the govern- 
ment had already used up most of 
the 53.4 billion DM allowed for its 
budget deficit for 1997. g- 

But the spokesman said it was • 

v The Bonn government oemeu re- -r — 

maker Linde AG. which is consid- ports Sunday that Germany might impcssibleto a - volatile 

o be excluded from Europe's currency 

ering switching its accounting to 
more international standards, and 

union formisshig its budget targets, cash deficits and low tax revenues. 


U.S. Weighs Telecom Complaint 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — The U.S. government is con- 
sidering filing a complaint against Germany with the World 
Trade Organization to protest slow progress in deregulation in 
the telecommunications area, a newsmagazine reported. 

In a summary of an article to be published in next week's 
edition. Der Spiegel wrote dial the United States is con- 
sidering launching ihe complaint because Germany's Post and 
Telecommunications Ministry has not acted quickly enough 
to open up the market. 

A spokeswoman for the U.S. trade representative. Charlene 
Barshefsky. could not confirm the report. 

Japanese Firms Develop New Chip 

TOKYO (AFP) — Fuji Electric Co. Ltd.. Kawasaki Steel 
Corp. and Nissan Motor Co. Ltd. have jointly developed a 
universal intermediate semiconductor aimed at helping con- 
nect factory automation equipment, a newspaper reported. 

The three companies said introduction of the new ap- 
plication specific integrated circuit would lead to a cut in 
production costs by simplifying connections in factory auto- 
mation systems. Nihon Keizai Shimbun said. 

The newly developed integrated circuit is designed to 
enable connections among robots, numerically controlled 
machine tools and sensors, the newspaper said. 

South Korea Banks Move to Ease 
Debt Burden on Troubled Firms 

Bloomberg Mora 

SEOUL — In a bid to stem a 
rise in corporate failures. South 
Korean commercial banks have 
agreed to save financially trou- 
bled companies that have chances 
of recovery by deferring (heir 

The decision, reached Sat- 
urday. came as many companies 
are going bankrupt amid rising 
debt and a slowing economy. 

Hanbo Group and Sammi 
Group collapsed this year under a 
combined debt of $8.2 billion. 
Jinro Group, which has a total 
debt of S3 billion. Last week 
missed a debt payment deadline. 
Jinro is expected to be the first 
beneficiary of the agreement, the 
Korea Federation of Banks said. 

The accord prohibits signatory 

banks from demanding the pay- 
ment of debts by companies that 
are in financial difficulty yet have 
been declared by the banks' as- 
sociation to be salvageable. 

The commercial banks also 
agreed to let the salvageable 
companies continue financial 
transactions with them even after 
they default on debt repayments 
to nonbank financial institutions, 
such as merchant banks. 

Merchant banks reportedly will 
denounce the decision as being 
counter to fair-trade rales. A com- 
pany is declared bankrupt if it 
defaults on debt payments to any 
type of financial institution. 

Nonbank financial institutions 
are more inclined to demand the 
payment of debts because they 
generally have less collateral. 

Tokyo Welcomes Bank Overhauls 

C. vpifaJ fw Off SvffFnin Dopmi hn 

TOKYO — Eisuke Sakakibara. 
director-general of the Japanese Fi- 
nance Ministry’s International Fi- 
nance Bureau, says the threat of a 
banking crisis has receded because 
of overhauls announced by two of 
the country's top banks. 

“Japanese banks' bad loans have 
been pretty much resolved.” by 
overhaul plans announced by Nip- 
pon Credit Bank Ltd. and Hokkaido 
Takushoku Bank Lid.. Mr. 
Sakakibara said Saturday. 

Nippon Credit said earlier this 
month it would write off 480 billion 
yen (S3 .81 billion) in bad loans and 
slash its work force by a third, while 
increasing capital by selling new 
shares. Hokkaido Takushoku said it 
would merge with a rival to become 
a stronger regional bank. 

Both banks have struggled under 
trillions of yen of bad loans, and 
both plan to abandon their foreign 
operations as part of their restruc- 
turing operations. 

Analysts said they expected 
many more Japanese banks to de- 
cide to close their overseas oper- 
ations soon, because their huge 
problem loans make it hard to meet 
capital requirements. 

“Japanese banks must cur un- 
profitable assets overseas to boost 
return on equity,” said Yushiro 
Dcuyo. first vice president of Smith 
Barney International Inc. "All that 
many of them are doing overseas is 
providing services to Japanese cus- 
tomers, rather than doing business 
with local customers in host coun- 
tries. They are doing Japanese busi- 
ness even in overseas markets.” 

He said that over the next few 
years, the number of Japanese banks 
operating abroad could fall to about 
a third of the current 85. There are 
149 banks in Japan. 

Mr. Sakakibara said Japanese 
commercial banks Jagged foreign 
competitors in the global market .and 
needed “reforms from within.” 

“They are sometimes more bu- , 
reaucratic than the Ministry of Fi-Tp 
nance.” he said. 

Foreign companies have a great 
interest in Japan's financial market 
reform. Mr. Sakakibara said. 

Eight foreign financial institu- 
tions await the ministry's permis- 
sion to open branches or offices in 
Japan, and foreign brokerages are 
increasing trading volume in the 
Tokyo market. Mr. Sakakibara 
said. (Bloomberg. Reuters! 

■\ fir 

i H 

MEET: Russian Executives Adapt and Pitch Investments in the Capitalist Ritual of ‘Roadshows’ 

Continued from Page 11 

For the Record 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. union workers went on 
strike Sunday at nine U.S. plants after failing to reach an 
agreement on a new three-year contract. (Bloomberg) 

Microsoft Network's electronic-mail service was mostly 
restored Friday after a 36-hour shutdown to double the sys- 
tem’s capacity. (AP) 

Citicorp credit-card chief, Roberta Arena, 49. is to retire 
at year’s end amid a reorganization of the company's con- 
sumer banking business, a spokesman said. (Bloomberg) 

With a return of 46 percent in the Fust quarter 
of 1997, for instance, Lexington Troika Dia- 
log Russia outpaced all other international 
stock funds. 

Mr. Sadler has invested 2.5 percent of his 
fund's $160 million in Russia since Janutuy. 
As an acknowledged rookie in the Russian 
market, he said he relied on meetings like the 
one at the Ritz-Carlton to get a better grip on a 

“The financial information often is not 
credible in any emerging market, so looking 
someone in the eye has a lot lo do with this 
business.” he said. “I’ve got to balance man- 
agement capabilities and my trust in the man- 
agers’ motivations.” 

That, presumably, is what Mr. Sadler was 
doing as Mr. Vokhmin of Perm Uralsviazin- 
form outlined his company's far-flung busi- 
nesses: its telephone operations in die Urals 
region, which straddles the European and 
Asian parts of Russia; its radio and TV sta- 
tions; its Ural Express credit/debit card op- 
eration; and its 80 percent interest in a re- 
gional bank. 

Pyotr Dehryansky. director of planning and 
finance for Rostelecom, Russia's long-dis- 
tance telephone company, said in the meet- 
ings that his superiors were often so busy 
dealing with investors and prospective in- 
vestors that he had difficulty getting appoint- 
ments with them. 

But Mr. Dehryansky 's superiors, like their 
counterparts in the other Russian companies 

making presentations last week, were eager 
for investors* cash. 

This summer, Penn Uralsviazlnform plans 
to enter the U.S. stock market by issuing 
American depository receipts, which are cer- 
tificates representing foreign shares. Other 
enterprises are seeking private placements or 
will soon issue Eurobonds. 

Red October, which makes expensive can- 
dies. needs cash to buy equipment to make 
cheaper sweets as well, and to defray cocoa- 
bean tariffs, which have risen 5 percent in the 
last year. 

The investors at the Ritz-Carlton were cor- 
dial. but they had concerns. They asked about 
the risks posed to these businesses by the 
nonpayment of bills that is common in Russian 
society, and about the companies' own bill- 

paying habits. They asked about the tax burdeas^v, 
the companies face and the rules of corporate 1 
governance they follow. Given that many of the 
companies are big, the American investors also 
asked about Russia’s antitrust policy. 

So, was it thumbs up or thumbs down on 
Russia? Conclusions varied. 

Thomas Niedermeyer, a private investor and 
former money manager at Morean Stanley , said 
the presentations suggested to him thar some of 
tbe usual favorite Russian plays, like tele- 
communications, had less opportunity, while 
sectors formerly in the shadow had more. 

Mr. Sadler said that the presenting compa- 
nies were “a mixed bag — but better than 
expected.” If the Russian stock market con- 
tinues to soar, of course, more investors will 
be rummaging in that bag. mixed or not. 



For all those who think spring flowers are just 

DENNIS THE Mf- \ \l h 


something to be sneezed at. Hoechst. 

To some, it’s the most beauti- 
ful time of year. To others, it*s 
; a nightmare that leaves them 
• breathless for weeks on end. 

« For many people, flowering 
! trees and grasses signal spring 
! allergies more often than 
[ spring fever. 

Latest research results 
let allergy sufferers 
breathe a sigh relief. 

Allergy symptoms can range 
from sneezing, a runny or stuffy 
nose and teary eyes to severe 
shortness of breath. 

The sinuses swell up and the 
mucous membranes become 
infected, blocking the respiratory 

Pollen is the main trigger of 
allergies. But household dust, 
insect bites, certain foods and 
even cat and dog hair can also 
; produce allergic reactions. 

It's no wonder that the 
; search is on for ways to help 

allergy sufferers finally catch 
their breath. 

Today, doctors have effective 
medications for treating aller- 
gies at their disposal T.ike the 
latest antihistamines, which 
block the body’s histamine 
receptors and diminish allergic 
reactions without causing 
drowsiness. That spells real 
relief for many people. 

Hoechst Marion Roussel, 
our pharmaceutical company, 
is committed to ongoing 
efforts aimed alleviating 
allergies and other respiratory 
illnesses so that allergy 
sufferers can breathe a sigh of 
relief— especially in the spring 
and summer. 

Hoechst is an international group 
of companies spearheading hmo- 
vadon in health care, nutrition 
and industry. With a staff of 
145 000 people worldwide , 
annualsalestotalDM5 2 billion. 

Hoechst AG D -65 92 6 Frankfurt hnp^/wwwJraechstxom 

Finding new ways. Hoechst 



? y 

[ **.v 




PAGE 17 

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The Newspaper Of Record For Hie International Mutual Fund Industry 

■ Listings - Daily ■ Money Report - Weekly ■ 

■ Fund Performance Focus - Monthly ■ 

Reaching Personal Investors In Over 180 Countries. 


Mlwni »rr» m «« tom. ti«u lvd tu .unMm wi 


'T;- r-— . *ytf! 

PAGE 18 


Sugiyama Wins 
1st Title at Home 


TOKYO — Ai Sugiyama 
won her first professional title 
playing in her home town 
when she beat Amy Frazier, 
4-6, 6-4, 6-4, Sunday in die 
final of the Japan Open. 

In the men's final, Richard 
Krajicek faltered briefly be- 
fore storming back to beat Li- 
onel Roux. 6-2. 3-6. 6-1. 

It mis die fourth consec- 
utive Japan Open in which 
Frazier met Japan’s top play- 
er for the title. The past three 
were against Kimiko Date, 
who retired last year. Frazier 
won the tournament in 1995. 

Sugiyama, the fourth seed, 
broke Frazier in the final 
game. Sugiyama came back 
from 40-30 with a forehand 
serve return into the comer 
and then won the 2-hour, 7- 
xninute match as Frazier made 
two errors — a forehand long 
and a backhand into the net 

Sugiyama, 21 , ranked 30th 
by the WTA, had reached 
three tournament finals be- 
fore finally gaining a title. 

Krajicek, the 1996 
Wimbledon champion, had 
not lost a set in the tourna- 
ment until his powerful serve 
began to waver in the second 
set against Roux. In die third 
set Krajicek broke Roux in 

the fourth game, after Roux 
had led 40-0, and again for 5- 

1 before serving out the 
match, ending with an ace of 
1 86 kilometers per hour. 

Krajicek served 16 aces at 
speeds up to 206 kilometers 
per hour. In the first set he 



Major Lraoub Standings 






















Now York 










cwnw. BtVtWON 











Kansas Oly 















west Dflranoti 










































New York 





















Sf. Louts 
















San Frandsca 12 




las Angeles 










San Dtoga 







Oakland ON 030 160-9 10 0 

Detroit 220 001 000-6 12 1 

Tetgheder. Acre (6). Gram (7). A. Small 
(8) and Moftia Marne (8): Brecon, Saner 
(71. M. Myers (8), ToJones (8), AMcefl CO) 
and WaftrecK B. Johnson (81. w— Groom. 1. 
1, L— M. Myers, 0-1. 

Milwaukee 003 «oa 100-10 13 o 
Cleveland 000 000 083-3 6 0 

McDonald, Rode at and Mathemn 
J .Me Dowell siwey (SI. Kline (8). 
AuenmocMr {91 and S. Alomar. 
W— McDonald, 2-1. L-J. McDowell 0-2. 
HRs— Milwaukee, Hibson (1). Vina 0). 

New York 523 001 000—10 14 2 

Chicago OH 040 000-4 10 2 

Mendoza Nelson (61. Stanton (6), 
Boetirlnger 19) and Ghardl- Navarra. C 
Cosmo M. T. CasHBo (B>. R. Hernandez (91 
and Pena W— Mendoza 1-1. L — Navarra 1- 
I. HR — New York, T. Martinez <61. 

Toronto 540 on 100-6 4 o 

Texas 010 TOO 210—5 9 0 

Hentgen, Plesoc (7). Timlin (91 and 
DBrfea- Povflk. Santa no (1), Gunderson (7), 
X. um aMn IB) and l. Rodriguez. 
HV- Hentgen. 1-1. L-PovWt. 1-2. S— Timlin 
(21. HRs— Toronto. Merced n>. Texas 
Palmer (2). Simms 01. 

Minnesota 1H 054 000-10 10 0 

Seattle 100 OH 200-3 8 1 

FjrodriOuez. Noutfy (71 and Steftiftacis 
SSamteis. T. Dcvts (51 and WBsoa Motzano 
(7). W — F. Rodriguez. 1-2. L— S. Sanders. 0- 
4. HRs— Minnesota Colbrunn (2), Becker 
tl>. SeoTfla Sorrento □). Buhner (31. 

OflclMU Oil 100 083-6 B 1 

PHtsbuigh OH IN 000-1 5 2 

Burba RemUnger (71, Show (B). Brantley 
(91 and FontycK F-Cordovn, «L Wilkins IB), 
Granger (91, wabihouse (91 and Oslk. 
W-Burtitt 3-1. L— F. Corttova, 1-2. 
HRs— artdnnoll D. Sanders (11. Pfltsburgh, 
EWer (3). 

Montreal IN 8M 020-3 6 3 

PhSmJefpMa 002 840 110-8 9 0 

Bollinger, Tettord (51. 5tufl (81 and Wldgm 
Madura R- Harris (8). Bottoflco (91 and 
Parent. W— Madura 1-2. L— BuHnger. 0-3. 
HR— Montreal Oban do (l>. 

Atkmta 344 811 002—14 23 1 

Colorado OH OH 000-0 8 8 

Glntne and J. Lopea Wright, M. Munoz 
O), Burin (6), Leskanic II) and Moiwarfng. 
w— Gfavina 3-0. l— W rignt, 2-1. 

HR-AHanta Lofton (3). 

Houston 111 OH 010-3 9 0 

Lai Angelas OH 111 OQd-S 12 1 

Hampton, R. Springer (6), Martin (8) and 
Ausmuv RJttartinez, Dretfort (7). Ratimky 
(7). Hall O). TaWtaraif (9) and Plazsa. 
W— R. Marflnez. 2-1. L— Hampton. 1-3. 
S— TaWoneil (5). HRs — Houston, T.Haward 
(i). Loe Angeles. Piazza CD. 

Florida oh on 301-4 9 0 

Saa Fro eaten 010 OH 013-5 10 0 

A. Loiter, Powell IT], Cook (B), Non (9) and 
C Johnson; Gardner, TOvrouz (7), Pooto C9), 
D. Henry (9) and R. Wilkins. Jensen (9). 
W— D. Henry. 1-0. L-Nen. 1-1. 
HRs— Florida Floyd (1). Akw (31. 



Oakkrad Oil 020 210-7 13 1 

Detroit HI OH 000-1 3 0 

WJUtena WBngert [81 and Molina; 

Ju.Thompsaa Bautista (7), ToJones (9) and 
B.Johnson. Casanova (8). W-W.Adam&l- 
1. L— JaThampson, 1-1. HRs-OaktantL 
McGwire U), Berm (5). 

Milwaukee 202 on 002-6 10 1 

aevdand HI 302 21*-11 17 0 

EMred. J. Mercedes M. vsione (7). 
DaJones (8) and Moitwny; Nagy, M. Jadcson 
(8| and Bordets. W-Nogy. 2-1. L-EWred. 2- 

I. HRs — Milwaukee, Jaho 2 (3). Cleveland, 
G»es CO, Rronfrez (3J. Justice (4). 

New York 000 an 030—3 4 s 

ancogo oh on 000—2 4 0 

K. Rogers. M. Rivera (8) and GtrardL- 
Alvarez. Levine (71, T.CostUki (8) and 
Kaitovtce. W— K. Rogers. 1-1. L—T. CasttBo. 
1-2. Sv-M. Wvera (4). HR-New York. T. 
MattSwz C7). 

Anaheim OH OH 001—3 5 1 

Kama City 150 on Ols-7 12 0 

Langston, Hasegavw (61, May (71 ana 
Fnbregas; Appier and Moctarlane. 
w— Appier. 2-0. L— Langam 1-2. 

HRs— Anaheim, T. Salmon 12). Kansas City, 

J. BeO (5), Mocfdriane (1 ). 

Toronto 420 BOO 000-4 12 0 

Texas OH OH 000-8 4 0 

Clemens. Spoflaric (81, Crabtree (9) and 
O’Brien; K.HO, Gunderson (B). vosherg <91 
and L Rodriguez. H. Mercedes (7). 
W— Demons. M. L— K. HUL 1-2. 
HRs — Toronto. S. Green CD, C. Detgada (2). 
Minnesota 010 000 201—4 18 0 

Seattle OH OH 088-0 6 0 

Tewksbury and StaMxxtB DJMarlns, Ayalo 
[71 Huitndo [91. McCarthy (5) and D. WBscn 
W— Tewksbury, vz L-O. Matte, 1-1. 

Chicago OH OH 300-3 7 1 

New Tort 200 HI 72»-4 8 2 

Mutton and. T. Adams (61. Wendell <71. 
Patterson (7). BottenfleW IB) and Servers; 
M-dartc, McMIchael (6), Jo. Franco (8) and 


allowed only three points 
against his serve. 

However, he made emus 
that Roux, ranked 86lh in the 

world, exploited for his only 
break in the sixth game of the 

break in the sixth game of the 
second set. 

In the final set's fourth 
game, Krajicek pressured 
Roux into mistakes with a 
drop shot and a net attack and 
gained the key break when the 
French player double-faulted 
on the last two points. 

He collected $154,000 for 
his second tournament title of 
the year. Roux's only other 
ATP tour final was in Osaka. 
Japan, in 1994. 

In the men’s doubles final, 
Martin Damm and Daniel 
Vacek of the Czech Republic 
beat American Justin Gimel- 
stob and Australian Patrick 
Rafter, 2-6, 6-2, 7-6 (7-4). 

■ Heavy Rain in Spain 

The final of the Barcelona 
Open between Spaniards Al- 
bert Costa and Albert Portas 
was postponed Sunday be- 
cause of heavy rain, the As- 
sociated Press reported. 

The match was resched- 
uled for Monday after several 
days of rain had left the clay 
court unplayable. 

If the match is called off 
again on Monday, it will be up 
to the two players to reach an 
agreement as to when it can 
be held. 

Costa made it io the final by 
beating Cedric Pioline in one 
semifinal. In the other, Portas 
beat Moroccan Karim Alami. 

Richard Krajicek keeping his eyes on the ball against Lionel Roux on Sunday. 

Agassi and Brooke Shields Wed 


Outers won the Australian Open in 1995. the U.S. 

California — Andre Open in 1994 and Wimbledon in 1992. 

, star, and the actress It was the first marriage for both. Hie 

Agassi, the tennis star, and the actress 
Brooke Shields were married Saturday in a ceremony was conducted by a Roman Catb- 

? uiet ceremony with about 100 friends and olic priest, the Reverend Charles Gaid, a 
amily members presenL friend of Shields family, at Sl John ’s Epis- 

Shields, 31. a child model who was one 
of Hollywood’s darlings of the 1970s and 
'80s, is currently starring in the NBC situ- 
ation-comedy series “Suddenly Susan." 
She is a Princeton University graduate. 

Agassi, 26, was a gold medalist for the 
United States in the 1996 Olympics. He also 

olic priest, the Reverend Charles Gard, a 
friend of Shields family, at Sl John's Epis- 
copal Church on the Del Monte golf course. 
While four helicopters filled with paparazzi 
hovered outside, a string ensemble and the 
San Francisco Boys Choir performed at the 

A reception was held at the Stonepine 
resort in Carmel Valley. 

C.Porez. D. Veres (6). Deal 16), M. VOIdes 
(6). l smart m. uittna (8) and FMcnai) 
M. letter, Mlmbs (7), Sgradln <71 BatMHco 
(9) and Lieberthal. W— M. Lalfor, 2-1. L— C 
Perez. 2-1 . 5v— Bottallco (4). HR-Momraat. 
H. Rodriguez (4). 

Houston OH 010 100-2 S 2 

LMAqriH OH IH 080-1 8 0 

Kilo. B. Wagner (9) and Airamuv Noma. 
Park (7) and Piazza. w—KHe, l-l. L— Noma 
2-T.Sv— 8, Wagner C5i. 

St. Louis ON HI 000-1 7 0 

Saa Mega OH OH 000-8 6 2 

W game: Morris, Petkovsek (2), T. 
J .Matti bits IB). Eckenley (9) and OKeBca; 
H Jtrtock, Bactrtier m and Bcherfy, SJcugW 
(9). W— Petkowek, 7-2. L-HHthcock. 2-1. 
Sv— Eckamev (3). 

St. Louis 020 OH 880-2 7 0 

San Diego OH HO 001—1 3 2 

lad game: ALBenes and Lampkln; 
TL Waned Scan (7), D. Veras (9) and 
CHemandez. w— AI.Betm. 2-1. 
L— Tl.Worretl 1-1 


x -Sector 





x-LA Lakers 




















Sacrum onto 





Golden Stole 





Japanese Leaques 


W L T Pet GB 

YokuH 12 2 — 557 — 

Hiroshima 6 6 — 500 5JJ 

Yamiurt i 7 — M2 53 

Qiunlail 6 7 — M2 S3 

Yokohama 5 8 - .385 55 

Hanshln 4 9 — J08 7S 

sAiueziAY's umn 

Yakulti Houston 4 
Hiroshima 13, Own leN 9 
Yokohama 7. YamkiriS 0 

Yqkult 8, Hanshln 1 
Hiroshima 9, Chunldil 3 
Ybailun A Ybknftoma 2 


Seibu 8 
Kintetsu 6 
Dole) 7 

T Pet GH 

- 567 — 

1 HO 1.0 

- -SO 1J) 

1 500 10 

- MS IS 

U<8ndKd cankronce tthcl 
(y-dlncned division imcl 
(7-cllnclKd plcraff berth J 

nuDAY's umn 

OevetaN 10 21 23 20— 82 

Detroit 23 15 11 26- 75 

C Brendan 0-17 5-5 21 Sura 5-9 4-4 Ifc D: 
G.HIN 4-12 6-6 U T.MItlS 4-7 3-3 
)4jtefcoonds— Cleveland 42 (T.Hin 10). 
DeirelT 40 (G.HP 6). Assist*— Cleveland 16 
(Brandon 7). Detrett 14 (G.HM 7) 

Pheeatx IS 26 37 28—106 

Saa Aetonto 22 33 20 20- 95 

P: Chapman 9-?9 <HJ Catenas 8-10 2-2 

22; S A; Perdue 6-13 4-4 I e, Alexander 5-14 
00 lAJNbe— di Phoenix 47 1 J.wiillsras 71. 
San Anranto 59 (Perdue 17). 

Aestst*— Phoenix 36 (KJohnsan >6), Son 
Antonio 18 fWBktrts 6). 

Orionde 25 21 21 26- 93 

Washktgtoa 24 19 33 28-104 

Oritaidaway 8-23 2-3 20. SeOuriy 4-10 1 1-13 
lfc W: Hamid 10-19 S-6 25. Webber 7-21 4-5 
llRelieands— Ortondo So ISeikatr 10). 
Washington 59 (Cheaney 13). 
Assist*— Ortando 17 [Haidcaray 9). 

Washington 18 (Strickland 91. 

DaBos 30 24 25 16 7—102 

Houston 29 14 30 20 17-112 

D: DmUtovfc 9-30 3-321 FWe)> 9-70 0H)l ft 
H: Drador 11-23 2-3 27. Maloney 8-152-224. 
Otohiwon 9-15 3-5 21. Roteands— Dallas 55 
(Green 13). Houston 58 (Barkley 18). 
AssMs— Dallas 24 (Pock 123. Houston 25 

LALNOR 33 33 25 22-123 

LACRppas 20 34 21 30— 95 

LAX: Campbell 8-11 5-521, DNeal 58 8- 
12 1&- LA. C Rogets 6-13 1-1 IS. Wiigm 6- 

Lotte 6 6 1 500 2.0 

Orix 5 6 - AS5 25 

Nippon Ham 4 10 — .286 4j 

Se«xi 1 KWeou 2 
Larte 4. DaW 2 
Orix x Nippon Ham 3 

Kintetsu 8, Selbu 3 
DaM 9, Lotte l 
Nippon Ham & Orix 1 

04 IZRebeandS— LA laker* 46 (Knlgftr 91. 
LA Dippers 43 (Wright 91. Assists— LA 
Lakers 24 (Van Exel 10), LA CHppers 23 
(Bony 11). 


NBA Standings 


Hundley. W— M. Clark. 7-1. L-wendeB, 0-z 





Stf—Jo, Franco 13). HR— CMcoga O.Oarit 











andaatt 000 040 100—5 12 1 

* -Ortando 





Pittsburgh 112 000 181-4 8 0 






Stiwurek, Carrasco (6), RemHnger (6), 

New Jersey 





Snow (9) and Taubcnsee. Pantfce (81; 






Schmidt. Ruebet U). Rincon <81 and Kendall. 






Y/— Rincon. 1-1. L— Remllnger, 0-1. 


HRs— Ontirmatl Taubertsee 0). Pittsburgh. 






ICYoung (1), J. GuOen (1). 






Attests 420 010 001-8 15 0 






Colorado 300 010 003-7 10 0 

x- Detroit 





Neaglft Women (7). Embree (91. Btotocki 






(9) and J. Lopez; RID, Dlpato (7). B. Ruffin 






(7). McCimy (9) and Monworing JeJIeed 






(7). W— Neagte 2-0. L-Rttz, 1-3. 






Sv-Gtotodd 0). HRs-JUtente. A. Jams 0). 

wunm cownwia 

Klesko (1). Colorado. Casflfld (7). 


Ftarida 200 000 000-2 4 0 





San Francisco NO 010 02x— 3 i 0 






Saunders. HeHng (8J and C Johnson; 






Estes, Beck (9) and Jensen. W— Estes, 3-0. 






L— Saunders. 0-1. Sv— Beck (91. 

Da Has 





HR— Florida Atou (4). 






Montreal 203 1M 200-8 6 1 

San Antonia 





PkRadripNe 050 023 OQa-10 9 3 






New Jersey 20 25 19 22— 86 

Miami 23 20 18 13- 74 

NJ- 009-194-1024. Jackson 7-18 5-6 21; 
Nt Lenard 6-13 0-0 1^ Brown 6-10 3-4 15. 
Rebaoads— New Jersey 61 (Mararass 17), 
Mioml 43 (Brawn 11). Assists— New Jersey 
23 (Jackson 91. Miami 22 (Msshbum 4). 
Ipdtaaa 18 24 25 22— 8? 

New York 33 21 20 23- 97 

I: Miller 6-17 7-8 19, Sm.ts 3-13 10-10 16; 
N.Yj Ewing 9-20 8-10 26. Oakley 
ReOeuad*— Indiana ■»* (D.Dbvis 9). New 
York 54 (Ewing Kl. Assbte-indlana 22 
(Miner. Jackson 71, Maw Vert: 31 (Wars 7). 
Mlwoofcee 28 29 19 36-112 

Mlnaesata 32 23 39 28—123 

MB:. Alien 10-16 7-829. Baker 6-12 c-s l&- 
Mlm Gugrtwkj 10-16 2-4 22. Gcmett 3-16 2-2 
la Gatraff B-10 2-3 18. 

RtbauorJs— Milwaukee 46 (AEen 8), 
Mlnnesoto 39 (Garrett B). 
Assists — Milwaukee 21 [Doujlcs 51. 
Mlnnesoto 34 (Mortwir J 7). 

Boston 38 26 32 23—119 

PWaMpbia 23 22 42 26—113 

B: Walker 1 1 -26 1 -3 23. Ccrton 8-14 6-8 22; 
P-. Iverson 9-25 7-10 32, Stockhouse 8-21 6-8 
24. Rebounds— Easier. 60 jSzcSo 13). 
PWkxWptWo 59 r Hendrickson 11). 
Ass«s— Boston 35 IWaiker 13). 
PttSaddphia 30 [hrersan 151. 

Toroeto 26 20 42 20—108 

Cbariene 26 29 24 21 — 100 

T: Christie 9-1? 1-2 23. cemby 8-14 2Cr 
C- Bee 12-22 9-t 3& Pierce 8-17 1-2 
23Jtebom»— Toronto 46 (Camt 1. Jones B). 
Charlotte 47 (Cl vac 13). Assists— Taranto 19 
(Stoudamire 9). Charlotte 27 (Mason 9). 

Miami 23 34 18 27—102 

Ortando 20 22 24 22— 88 

M:Ma|ene6-ll 3-3liCrcfiy 6-103-317; 0: 


>Iemorable Moment* from Johnnie Walker: \\\ DER Cl P with firriuml (rolhu fu 


na?r&s?£P 7MT the grooves of the cum 


0FC&mGBAa^jt(0A9&) mr-MEY 
&U& Oimrr{EE f P&nHGUl$UEP GOLF- 




OP '97 


H O C K E r 

NHL Playoffs 




scums 1 ■ 0-1 

Detroit 0 8 2—2 

FW Period: aL-Bergevin 1 (Turgeoo) 
Second Period: None. Third Period: D- 
Dtopw 7 (Shonohcn. Putfrart |sh). 3. D- 
Mutphyl (Lopdnto. Larionov) Shots so goal: 
S.L- 11-3-9—23. D- KW-14-3L GoaBts: 
SJ_-Fuhr. D-Vwrxm. 

(series Ned 1-1) 

Ednmntoa 1 1 2-4 

DaBos 0 0 0-0 

First Period: E -Grier 1 (WeSgftt McGSBs) 
(pp). Second Period: E-CzerkowSM K TMrd 
Period: E-Mkoanrl (Weignt, Smyth) (pp).a 
E-Smyih 1 , Sbett m goofc E- 1 3-4-B-2S. D- 2- 
14-9-25. Goofies: E-Jooeph. D-Moog, litre, 
(smtes tied 1-1} 

Odcogo 10 0—1 

Cotorade 2 1 0—3 

First Period: C-Keone 2 (Forstwrg) 2, C-, 
OasHnsh 2 (SaMc Jones) 3. C- Block I 
(Shantz. Suter) Secood Period: C-Lem)eux2 
(Jones. Ktomm) Third Period: None. Shots 
on goal: C- 11-25. C- 10-11-12-31 
GeaOem C-ttackrat C-Roy. 

( Colorado leads sarfos 2-8) 
Phaeak 1 * 1-2 

Aochetra ] 1 2-4 

Fh*l Paled: Phoenix, Numminer > 
(Roenick. Rrnmlng) (pp). I Awikanov 1 
(Ddgneautf) IpB). Second Period: A- 
DdgneauB t (Sofanao. Beflowil (pp). ThM 

Bartoli, a Tough Nut, 
Just Refuses to Crack 

* H "l% 


By Samuel Abt 

hitenumonal Herald Tribune 

and then going on die attack 
himself, forcing his rivals to 
work to catch him. With 5 of 
the race’s 262 kilometers (163 
miles) to go. a weary Zulle 
dropped back and out of it. 

Then, at the red triangle 
that denotes the final kilome- 
ter. Bartoli sped off one last 
time. Jalabert was unable to 
follow and die Italian finished 
so far clear that he was able to 
look back, raise an arm in 
salute to bis chasers and then 
glide over the line. 

“I wasn’t really worried 
about them." Bartoli said 
later about his colleagues in 
the breakaway. “I didn’t 
think Jalabert was that strong 
today. Every time he at- 
tacked, I noticed that he only 
went 20 or 30 meters ahead, 
not all out. So I was confident 
I could beat him.” 

LIEGE, Belgium — Now 
Michele Bartoli knows how a 
walnut feels. 

With 25 kilometers to go in 
the Liege-Bastogne-Uege bi- 
cycle classic Sunday, die 
Italian rider for the MG team 
found himself in the jaws of 
this nutcracker: A three-man 
breakaway in which the two 
men on either side of him 
were Laurent Jalabert and 
Alex Zulle. ranked No. 1 and 
No. 2 in the world respect- 
ively and, even worse forBar- 
toii, teammates on ONCE. 

Jalabert, a Frenchman, and 
Zulle, a Swiss took turns in 
attacking Bartoli, forcing him 
to do the labor of chasing. Let 
him wear hims elf out, the sce- 
nario goes, and at tibe end, 
either one of the ONCE riders 

But, slight as he is. Bartoli 
is no weakling. He Tanks fifth 
in the world, won the de- 
manding Tour de Flanders 
last year, finished third in the 
World Cup competition and 
took the bronze medal in the 
world championship road 

So nobody was able to kick 
sand in his face in this 87tb 
edition of Liege-Bastogne- 
Liege, the fourth in the series 
of 10 World Cup classics and 
the oldest of them all, since it 
was first staged in 1892. 

He responded to each at- 
tack by catching the leader 

By not mentioning Zulle, he 
implied that he never doubted 

he could beat the Swiss if it 
came to a final sprint 
Bartoli was timed in 7 
hours 9 minutes 45 seconds 
over the long course, which 
included 12 short and steep 
hills overrun by Belgian fans 
bundled against the cold in 
the Ardennes. Jalabert fin- 
ished second. 8 seconds be- 
hind. with Gabriele Colombo, 
an Italian with Batik, third, 2 1 
seconds behind. Luc Leblanc, 
a Frenchman with Polti, was 
fourth, 22 seconds behind, 
Johan Museeuw, a Belgian 
with Mapei. die world cham- 
pion ana die defending World 

Strang 9-17 9-9 27, Ainatrang 8-15 3-3 
l9.IU0ound* MtonU 48 (Austin 91, Orlnndo 

46 (Schoyas 13). AKim-Miaml 33 (Crafty 
5), Ortamto 21 (Arms wig 5). 

PMMMpMfl 20 35 IS 34-104 

Alton til 38 79 32 27-136 

P: ivanan 15-23 1-2 35. Stackhouse 5-21 9- 
12 20; A: Smith 9-12 C-0 31, Blaylock 8-11 04 
1 7JMoap6i— PMOMgNa 53 (Stackhausb 
DavU. Hendrickson 9), Allonto 48 (LaHnor 
11). ABWf-PMnMpMo 27 (Overton 8), 
Atlanta 39 (5ra ith 7). 

NOW York 25 23 22 33-183 

Odcogo 27 31 19 24-181 

N.Y.: Ewtng 13-21 1-227. Houston 8-16 7-8 
25. Starts 6-145-5 2d C: Jordan 14-224-0 33. 
Coffey 4-7 4-5 1Z Oakley 5-4 2-2 
IZRahomds— New York 52 (Oakley 12). 
Chicago 37 (Plppan, Bireriiler, Caftoy 6). 
AuHt*— New York 34 (Childs 0, Chicago 31 
(Plppan 12). 

Donror 21 34 34 31-100 

Delta 19 26 27 23- 95 

De: Hammonds 10-194-524 Johnson 7-13 
7-8 21. McDyess 9-18 2-1 2d Da: Bradley 12- 
18 1-4 25, Finley 8-22 5-8 

ZL Rebounds— Denver 52 (Johnson 26), 
Dolta 53 (Bradley 16). Astosts-Oear 25 
(Snritti 7). Da. 19 (Pack 9). 

Minnesota 14 11 17 27- 19 

Utah 32 20 19 18-101 

M: Robinson 9-19 23. Martwry 5-121-2 

1C V: Malone 10-16 OO 36. Carr 7-11 04 H 
Stockton 4-10 6-8 1 4. Rebaoads— Minnesota 

47 iGamtft 91. Unh 49 (Stockton 12). 
Assist*— MlimescXa 22 (Marbunr 51, Utah 28 
(Stockton 12). 

Vancouver 31 33 28 2*-121 

Ptsxntx 24 33 27 23-187 

V: Reeves 18-28 3-3 39, Abdur-RaNm 18-17 
5-8 2d Peeler 9-1 3 M 22; P: Johnson 1 4-22 4- 
4 36, Cebdlos 7-14 5-7 19. 

Rebawd*— Vancouver 53 (Reeves 11). 
Phoenb 48 U.WUUana. Udd 8). 
Assfats— Vancouver 40 [Ahdur-RoNra 10), 
Phoetdx 28 ildda ’3). 

l_A- CQppOrS 14 27 27 33—100 

Seattle 34 26 3S 38-125 

LA; Murray 5-7 7-7 19, Vaught 7-1 4 2-3 1 6; 
S: Payton 8-11 9-1025 Scnrenipf9-133424 
Kemp 8-12 56 Tf EiboikHi I fu Angeles 

48 (Vaught 13), Seattle 59 (Kemp ID). 
AssUs-Ub Angeles 22 (Martin 5). Seattle 
29 (Payton 8). 

Sacramento 32 24 20 30 15-122 

GotoeaStote 29 28 22 28 13-120 

S:Abdul-Rouf 11-172-228. Richmond 8-21 
4-4 H. wnsamson 11-18 1-4 23; GA: 
Marshal 18-26 3-4 24, Bunefl 9-13 8-1 21. 
Reboaod*— Sacramento 48 (AA-Sntftti 11), 
Golden State 62 (Faber 10). 
Assists— Soaamenfo 30 (Richmond 8), 
Golden Stato 26 (Price 61. 

Parted: Phoonb, Tkachuk 2 (Roenick, 
Janney) & A-Oalgmault 2 (kartya, Bottom) 
& A-Manno 3 (Mironov) Cm). Shots oe goat; 
Phoenix 10-18-18-38. A- 18-7-18-35. 
GoaSrv Phoantx. Khobtbulln. A-Hobort. 

(AnaMm toads sorin 24) 
oxnjRDAYra rsouits 
M ontreal 8 0 1—1 

NowJanay 1 2 1—4 

First Porto* KJ-MocLocn l (Elert 
OdtWnl (pp).Soc opd Porto * NJ^MccLoan 
2 (Wo denna y ei. Thomas) (pp). X NJ^ 
Guerin 2 (Ntodomrayor. HofflO (pp). Third 
Porto* NJ.-Carponter 1 (MacLoon, 
Zetopukfn) 5. M-Sava«a 1 (RtroO Shots or 
goad M- 7-6-9—22. NJ^ 15-184-41. 
GdoDoi: M-ThtoouR. NJ.-Bradaur. 

(Now Jartoy toads soriof 2-8) 
Ottawa 1 1 1-3 

BefMo 0 1 8-1 

First Porto* O-Oocfcein (Zhoftok) Second 
Pvtod: O-Duchaone 1 (Redden, Attedsson) 
(pp). 3. 8-BurrMge 2 (Hotunger, Awtotte) 
ThM Porto* 0-AHTOdssan 2 (Yashin) (pp). 
Shots an Rota 0-1(51 0-9 — 29. B- 6-5-13—34. 
GoaBts: O-Tmmutt B-Hasok. 

POtsbonik 1 0 1-3 

PMtodripMn 8 0 3-3 

first Pnrto* P-Lamtoux 1 Uogr. Nedvsd) 

Second Porto* Nano. Thtrd Period: P-Otto 1 
(NBnfmoa. Wait) 1 P-Jagr 2 (Lerrtevx, 
WMtoy) A ucUrKUnme. TTrerilen)* 
P-Klattl (PodobwOfta) Shots on goal: P-18- 
9-11—30. P- 11-13-15—39. GodBoS: P- 
Wieggat. P-Snimr. 

(stats Bod 1-1) 


1997Wlp l ri »lxl« t l l.M. 
O rix rrin no Saturday tram tha 1087 NFL 


1. St. Louis dram New York Jets), Ortando 
P0G*t OMo Stats. 

2. Oakland (from New (Meant), Darrell Rus- 
seftdb Southern 


I Seaffle (from Atlanta}, Shown Spring* cb, 
OMo Stale. 

4. Baltimore, Peter Bootware, de, Ftarida 

5. Driralt Bryant Westbrook, db, Treos. 

6. Seaffle (tarn SL Louts through New York 
Jets and Tempo Bay), 

Walter Jona 1 norida Stale. 

7. New York Gkmti. Hu Huqpra wr, Florida. 
* New York Jets (from Tampa Bar). Janet 
Forrioc (b, VbgMa. 

9. Arizona Tam Knight, db. Iowa 

10. New Orioan (ham Oakland), Chris Nae- 
aie, g. Colorado. 

11. Attonta (ham Odcogo through Seattle), 
NUchael Booker, db. 


II Tara pa Boy (tram Seattle}, Warrick Dunn, 
rb, Florida state. 

IX Kansas Cffy (from Houston), Tony Gan- 

14. Qncflwtm, Retnanl wiboa to, Ftondo 

IX Miami YatO Green, wr, MkrniL 

16- To nyo Boy (tram Son Wogo), Reldel An- 

thony, xr,RUrkL 

17. Washington, Kenard Lang, da Miami 
1& Houston (from Kansas City), Kenny 

19. indlanaposa Tark Glenn, t CoBfomta. 

20. Minnesota Dwayne Rud* 8s Alabama. 

21. JodcsonvOe, Reno Ido Wynn, tfl Notre 

22. Delta (tram PtiBodetpftta), David 

ZXBuftolaAntorrato SmB* rb, Houston. 

2* Ptftsbwg* Oiod Scsil db, Maryland. 

25. PhBadelpMa (tiara Dados), Jon Harris. 
d» Virginia. 

26. San Franctoca Jkn DnrckonmBler, g* 
Virginia Tech. 

27. Carolina Roe Comith, wr, Colorado. 

28. Denver, Trevor Pryce, dt Oemsan. 

29. New England, Chris Cady, db. Kansas 

30. Green Bay, Ra» verba, l Iowa. 

■con ROUND 

31. n.y. Jets. Rkft Teny, dt N. Cnratoio. 

32. Attame, Nathan Data, be, Indtara. 

31 New Oriems, Rob KeUy, (Brio Sfote. 
34. Battonare, Jamie Sharper, to, Virginia. 

31 Detrett, Juan Roque, g, Arizona State. 

36. N.Y.GtOtttft T8d BOrtrer, rtv VJrgWo. 

37. Tamee Bay. Jetty WUnseftl Wtoansln. 

Frankfurt 19, Amsterdam 10 


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Chelsea Z Leicester l 

Ltoerpool l, Manchester United 3 
Mlddtosbraugh a Sunderland I . 
Newcastle & Deri* 1 
Nottingham Forastl. Leeds 1 
SlwffWd Wednesday* Wimbledon l 
Southampton ZCovartry 2 


•TAiBioiQfc Manchester United 6ft Atse- 
nel<4 Umpoo(6« Newoaslie 60k Aston VBIa 
57; ShefBefd Wodnestoy 56, Chotaa 52; 
Wimbledon 49; Tottenham 43, Leeds 43) ijv 
me 42, Dertry 42; Letaflter 4® Btockbum 

* Coventry 37, SunHilond 37; Sooftompton 

3S Wesr Ham » MUdtesbraugh 33: NoL 
ttngham Forest 32. 

Bologna a Juventuei 
Cagferl 1, hiter2 
HofcnBno ^ Romo) 

Lnzto 4 Reggfcino 1 


AC Perme d Udinoe 2 


tr»itpa«m Jirwntus 5S- Patna 49: In- 

temaztorede 4* S omp d orta «; inrm 43 , 


na 39: Mfcn 37; Romo 36, AlaJanto 3tt NapeO 
3* Ptoeenu 29) CpgOari 27. Perugie 27; 
Veram 2£ ftegptaiu IP. 

Tenerito ft Real Betts 1 
Attetka Madrid 3. VnUodald 1 
Sporting G<an 1, Exhimadura 1 
Logranes 1, DeptatvaCdraM 2 
Corapostoia z Hereutes 2 
zaregm 3, Mye VUtocm 2 


Cup champion, was sixth, 27 
seconds laie. to continue his 
frustration in the spring one- 
day classics that he usually 

With 95 points overall, he 
ranks fifth in the World Cup, 

69 points behind the co-tead- 
ers. Rolf Sorensen, a Dane#- 
with Rabobank who finished 
1 8th Sunday, and Baitoli. § 

The pool of possible win- 
ners of Liege-Bastogne-Liege 
is usually decided over the last 
few hills, and so it was this 
time On the decisive climb of 
the Redouie Hill. 1.7 kilome- 
ters long with a grade of 1 1 
percent, Zulle attacked about 
halfway and could be fol- 
lowed only by Bartoli and 
Jalabert- With 37 kilometers to 
go, they built a lead of ons 
minute 10 seconds. 

“I got within five seconds 
of them, but I don’t have the 
kind of explosive force on 
climbs that they do.V 
Museeuw lamented. “I tried 
to make up the time on die flat i 
but couldn’t do it.” ^ 

The attacks by Jalabert and 
Zulle followed on the last two 
hills after La Redoute. . 

Once Zulle was left astern, 
Bartoli and Jalabert played a 
little cat and mouse, looking 
each other over as they slowed 
and jockeyed for position.' 
While they were doing this bit 
of finessing, the chasers were 
flying behind them. 

Bartoli seemed to realize 
this and got down to business 
with his victorious attack. 



■y \ ... 

iftfr.fc&wA.-i: £.’ 

4 . 1 

36. CWcogo (tram St Louto), John Atood, t& 

39. New Ort. (flora OoUand). Jared Itamkh 
dot Nobreoka. 

40. Sl Louis (from 0*000), Dexter McCtoon, 
db, Oemsan. 

41. Attonta (flora SoariM, Byron Harapar* 
it, Teax Toch. 

42. Aiteana, JAo Pturnmn qb, Altana 

43. CtodnmM, Coray DHtoivib, WtooWnptnn. 

44. Miami Sam MadHon, db, LoutovRte. 

45. San Dtoga Froddto Joooa to. N.Car. 

44. Houston, Joey Km* wr, TarawHoa. 

47. Kan. CBy. Km)n Lackolt wr, Kan. State. 

48. (ndtanap. Adam Moadowt. t Gaaigla. 

49. Minnaon, Tontan Gray, db. Vfrg.Ttedt 

50. Jocksoiwtlte Mtoa Lagan, dto W.Vbg- 

51. WtaMngtan, Greg Jonoi, Itw Colorado. 

52. Bafkil& MarcoTta WDoy, de, Caiumbto. 

53. Pitta. Will Btodcwea. wr. Son D. stall. 

54. Daboft ttrom DaJto), Ktan Abrarra, <fiv 

55. San FiokIsco (tarn PMadelphto). More 
Edamds.*. Notre Dame. 

56. Caraftia, Mike Mtotw, db Nobreoka. 

57. PMkHtotohlo (tram San Franctoca). 
James Darting, ftv Washington sue. 

58. Bam mare (Kara Denvta, Kim Honing, 
db, Perot Stole. 

59. New England, Brandon Mttcftei. dt 
Texas AiM. 

6a Groan Sayi Damn Sharper, db, WBBamB 


61. Now England (from Now York Jets), 
Striricfc Shew* Ttfc kma. 

62. Net* Orioons. T«y Data, rfa, lo*a State. 

63. Tampa Bay (from Aflanto tbrooipi S«ri- 
tto), Frank MhfaflMon. 9. Arizona. 

64. BaHknoito Joy Graham, its Teniwsne. 

65. Dados (from DafraiD. Daxtor Qtadeyi b 
Appofooiton State. 

66. Tampa Bar, Honda Barber, db, Vbg&da. 

67. Denver (frran St Uniis ttiraugfr Now Ytok 
Jets), Dan Ned, c. Tares. 

68. N.Y. Giants. Ryan Pfiaips. to, Idoha 

69. OKcoga Bab Sapgy 9. Washington. 

7a Alkreto (from Semite), QJ. SaMopft to, 

71. PhDodtopMo (from Arizona). Duce Staley, 
rtv South Carolina. 

72. OaktaxL Adam Trau, g, Nebraska 
7X Miami Jason Taylor, ta Ataan. 

74. San Dtoga Mfdtoel HranOtna to. North 
CaroBna A&T. 

75. Houston. Denard Walker, db, LSU. 

76. Qnrinnafi, Rod Poynw c Michigan. 

77. San Francisco (from Indiana nods), Greg 
Oak. HuiilUit 

78. Mtrm. Stalin Coflnet de. Boson CMoga. 

79. Jacksonville. James HamBtan b North 

80. Washington, Derek Smith, to, Arizona 

81. Houston (from Kansas aty), Scott 
Sanderson, t Washington State. 

82. Ptthtourgb, Paul Wiggins, t Oregon. 

83. Dallas. Steve Sdfre& t, Wyoming. 

84. Arizona (from Philadelphia). Ty Howard. 
Wh, OMoSlDtB. 

S5.0aktond (from BufMd.lIni Kohatlowa ' 

86. lodtanopods (from San Frandsca), Bari 
Bony, to, Notre Dame. 

87. CareBiM. Wnnon Tatunvto, Nobe Dame. 

88. New York Jets (from Oamorl^Dedric 
Ward, wt Northern Iowa. 

89. New England Chris Garter, db, Teres. 

90. Green Bay, Brett Conway, pk, Perai 

91. Ptftefrurgte MJfce Vtobel de. Ditto Slate. 

92. Miami Derrick Radgerd Ed Arizona 

93. Miami Romrie ward to. Kansas, 

94. Danas, Kenny Wheaton, db, Oregon. 

95. New York Gtontft Brad Moyna/d a Bofl 

96. Miami 8renr5mmn MlssfsstopJ State. 

Dmltltehtiei Cundny. 

Rating Santander 1, EsponyoM 
Real Sodatodl, Oviedo Q 
wtountNaai Rati Madrid 79> Rati Betts 71« 
Barcelona 69, Departtvo Corona 6* Altattco 
Madrid 5ft VnflodaOd 54; Athfoffc B8bao51| 
Real Soefedad Sth Tantato 47, VWenda4d 
Rating Santandar 46i Cotta Vigo *2, Cam- 
postoia 41r Zaragoza 40, EMramadura «b 
Raya VOllecano 39, Espanyol 3ft Oviedo 3* 
Sporting Gjon 3 ft Hercules 3ft Sevilla 3fc 
Log rones 28- 

* • 

im -v0bM 

y- 1 ' ’. x -r 

’'I* 1 -. 

^^,' r z - *. '!#*>** _ > 
ts* ' . •'ll 



- i-( ' iiigrt*. JBr 

: -f ::: " . -.Hr 

I860 Monttii a VfL Botiwm 1 
Fretourg AStPauRO 
Warder Bremen 1, Kulwulw 0 
Hamburg I, Stiia Ike 0 
Ctiogne Z, Aimfrila BietoMd S 
Bannito Dortmund 1, Bayeiri Munldi 1 
Ha nsa Rostock 1,1a MoancherigiadbaehD 
Faitano Ouesaeidart 1, Outeburg 1 
VfflSluttgtav Boyer Leverkusen 
■vwMBfNM Bayern Munich Jft Beroaito 
Dortmund 53. Baym Leverkusen 5ft Vffl 
Stuttgart 52; Bochum 4ft I860 Munltii 39; 
Ward or Bremen 29. ScriaOa 39; Kntsrohe38; 
Dutebwg 3* Bonasla Mewdhangtodbatii 
3ft Hamburg 34, Atmbda Bletefeid 34 
Cologne 34; Hansa Rostock 3ft Fortune 
Duessektaf 2ft St PauB 27) Fmftwrg 18. 

■ . . . »<■-■ j. 

Imal End to 

AZABonoarl, RodaJCK0krado3 
PSV EJndbaven 5, Graofcctesp Doet. 0 
NAC Breda I. Vitesse Arnhem 1 
Fayenaord 4. Fcrtuno Stttnnl 4 
Man ll Tttburg 1, Sparta Ratterdan 1 
A)ax Amstantom 5, NEC NRmegen 0 
Groningen v Utrecht 
Heerenveen v RKC Woalwttk 
wntwoiWi PSV Ebidhcwrai 6ft F ay en aord 

6ft Twent* Enschede 55; Ajax Amstordron 51; 
Hareane e en 47) Rada JCKtaaod»46i Vitesse 
Arnhem 4& NAC Breda SftGraotahapDaet- V 
tnchem 36 ; Fcrtuno SBtard 3ft Utrecht JT. 
Grerringen 31; Wllem II TRburg 3d Voitndam 
3ft Sparta Rtiteidam 2ft NEC Nijmegen 24; 
RKC Vtaalw8k2ft AZ A*moar21. 


3T.v.; .- - - • . .. . tr 

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Kansas aty 2, Dallas 1 

Las Angtiss Z Colorado 1 

Washington D-C-Z New York- New Jersey V 

Hearts 1, Dunfwmllne T 
Ktonamock 1, Htoemkm 1 
Mtitwntal 1, Oundae United 1 

Cn m botio ft Yemeni 
Jordan < Bahraini 


C Y C L I N G 

World Cup Classic 

Uraflag raeutto 8widoy at the 283 kOa!- 
awtoro (182 nrifse) UegeSeetogae-iJogo 
World Cap oloeeic: 

I.Mfchta BartoO, Italy, 7hgurs 1928 nta- 
utes Z Laurent Jaiabeit France, 8 seconds 
behind; Z Gabriele Colombo, Italy, 19 seo- 
onds beMmb 4 Luc Leblanc France, same 
tone, 5, AAoodmOan Sdandrl, Britain, same 
tone, 4 Johan Museeuw, Srttfum. same 
torn* 7, Beat Zbetg, Swttztaan* srane lime, Lr£‘ir i 
4 Marco Pantanb Italy, *mne ton* 9, Davido 
Casarotto Itotf. same Dma, 7ft Maura G t- 
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Japan Open 

SEWFBMU ' • ' • 

Rlchonl Krapcek (7), Nettiertands, del. 
Patrick Ratter (6), Austrafln, 7-6 (7-5), 6ft 
Done! Roux 0®, Boocft aef. Ttama Jtf- 
haareon O, Sweden, *4 7-5, 6-3 


Richara Mtticek 0), Nsawriamta, der. 
oad Roux (76), France, 6-Z 3-4 6-1. 

Barcelona Open 

,lv : ’ ' !*> 

4 -; 1 . ...... 

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Albert Casta (7), Spata deL Cartas Maya 
( 4 ), Spain. 7-6 (8-6), 7-5; Albert Portal. Spain, 
def. Atoerio Berasategul Spata 6-3, 7-5. 


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life: rMA 


ACT 15, Otago 9 
Northern Tiansvaal 34 Wetoato 27 
Canterbury 24 NaM 26 

Wefflngton 59, Free State 30 
Avddand 6ft Gauteng Urn 22 


Srf Lanka frurtngs: 330 
Pakistan innings 200-2 



PR8MXM OBOncauwAOimiiA 
Indio hnlngs: 194-2 
Rain stopped play. 

if-. - _• , — — w M'llUl 

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Him : y nuagtoL 



PAGE 19 



Cubs Lose 14th Straight 

Chicago Approaches All-Time Streak 


. In their 1 22-year history, the Chicago 
Cubs had done a lot of losing, bat never 
14 in a row. 

Until now. " 

Cari Everett homered twice, includ- 
«, mg a tiebreaking grand slam in tile third 
* inning that .led the New York Mets over 
the winless Cubs, 8-2, in foe first game 
of a doubleheader Sunday. 

Doug Glanville and Dave Hansen 
opened die game with singles off Bobby 
Jones (3-1) and Brooks Kiescbnick even 

Baiikall Kobi 


slide with' a victory over the 
adelphia Phillies in the first game of a 

Jeff Juden (2-0) gave up just one run 
despite five walks in five innings of 
two-hit pitching. Dave Veres allowed 
one hit over four innings, striking out 
three and walking one for Ids first 

Bobby Munoz (0-4), who got one of 
the Philadelphia hits, allowed five runs 
.* and nine hits in six innings, struck out 
three and walked two. 

In games played Saturday 

Cardinals 1, Padras O; Cadnato 2, 

■ 1 1n the first U.S. major-league 
i in Hawaii, it seemed the St. Louis 
finals and the San Diego Padres left 
their bats on tbe mainland. 

Sl Louis swept the doubleheader, 
defeating San Dtego 1-0 and 2-1 on 

ing of Alan Benes and reliever 
Petkovsek before a crowd of 37,382 in 
Honolulu’s Aloha Stadium. 

In die second game, Benes pitched a 
three-hitter and worked out of a jam in the 
ninth innin g en route to his first complete 
outing of the season in the first game. 

put die Cubs ahead with a two-out single 
- — just the second time this season 
Chicago scored first 
* But tn a matter of minutes, tbe Cubs 
reverted to their bumbling ways, al- 
lowing a two-run homer to John Olerud 
in the bottom half. 

Chicago is off to the second-longest 
losing streak at the start of a season, 
trailing only the 1988 Baltimore Ori- 
oles, who began 0-21. The Cubs, who 
have lost 28 of 30 going back, to last 
V season, smashed the franchise record of 
r 13 straight losses set in 1944 and tied in 
1982 and 1985. 

Expo* 5, pmkm i Mark 
Grudzielanek had a two-run double, and 
Montreal pitchers combined on a three- 
hitter as the Expos ended a three-* 

In die opener, the St. Louis starter. 
Matt Morris, was forced to leave after 
being shuck oh his pitching band by a 
line drive in the second inmng. 

Petkovsek allowed three hits over six 
shutout Innings and did not let a runner 
advance past first base. He struck out 
three and wafted one. 

longest losing streak in their 122-j 
history with their I3th straigh 
Wendell — who wears No. 13 — took 

B, Rads s In Pittsburgh, Jer- 
maine Alkaaswoxth scored on Kevin Ei- 
sner’s sacrifice fly in the ninth as the 
Pirates manufactured the winning run 
without a hit 

Pittsburgh blew a 4-0 lead, (hen ral- 
lied to even the score on Elster’s run- 
scoring single in the seventh. The Reds 
have lost five of six overall and nine of 
10 on the road. - 

■rawM ft, Rockies 7 Kenny Lofton 
singled, doubled and tripled, and Denny 
Neagle won for tbe first time in five 
starts in Denver as Atlanta won its sev- 
enth straight. 

(Hants a, Ms i U n s 2 In San Francisco, 
Florida’s right fielder, Gary Sheffield, 
lost Glenallen Hill’s routine fly, which 
for a two-run double in the 


San Francisco, which has six come- 
from-belrind victories, is off to a 12-3 
start, its best since 1971. The Giants 
have won eight straight. 

Phiiliss io. Expos s In Philadelphia, 
Gregg Jefferies (hove in three runs and 
Kevin Stocker stole home as Phil- 
adelphia scored its highest ran total this 

Astras 2 , Podg srs i Danyl Kile out- 
dueled Hideo Nomo as Houston won in 
Los Angeles. Kile allowed seven hits 
and one run in eight innings. He hag 
gone eight innings m all four of his starts 
fids season. Nomo allowed two runs and 
four bits, and struck out nine in 6VS 

A*s7,Tlgonti Mark McGwire hit his 
fifth homer and Willie Adams won on 
the road for tbe first time in eight career 
starts as Oakland won in Detroit It was 
the slumping Tigers’ fourth consecutive 

torn— 11 , Bntnta ft In Cleveland, 
Milwaukee’s second baseman, 
Fernando Vina, fractured his left leg 
when he jammed his left foot into the 
base while stealing second in the first 
ummg. Milwaukee said Vina, who was 
hitting 321, would have surgery for a 
fractured fibula and miss two months. 

Enc Raba^/Tbc Auodaed Pra» 

The Florida Marlins’ shortstop, Edgar Renteria, jumping over Jose 
Vizcaino of the San Francisco Giants after forcing him out at second. 

VanfciMs 3, White Sox 2 In New York, 
Tiao Martinez hit a three-run homer in 
the eighth inning as New York won 
despite committing five errors. It was 
the Yankees' second straight victory 
following a five-game losing streak. 

New York’s starter, Kenny Rogers, 
gave up only three hits over 7 2 /j innings, 
but he also committed two enxns. 

Mariano Rivera, who had blown 
three of his first six save opportunities, 
got four outs for his fourth save. 

Royals 7, Angels 3 In Kansas City, 
Mike Macfarlane broke out of an 0-for- 
17 slump with a three-run homer and 
Kevin Appier pitched a five-hitter. 

Macfarlane got his first hit of the 

season during a five-run second inning 
against Mark Langston. 

Tim Salmon, who had been 0-for-13, 
had three of Anaheim's hits. 

TWins 4, Mariners O In Seattle, Bob 
Tewksbury pitched a six-hitter for his 
sixth career shutout as Minnesota beat 
Seattle. Tewksbury struck out five and 
walked one. He never faced more than 
four batters in an inning. 

Blue Jayi ft. Rangers o Roger Clem- 
ens allowed two hits in seven shutout 
innings, as Toronto blanked Texas in 
Arlington. Clemens (3-0) walked four 
and struck out four. 

• Baltimore’s game at Boston was 
rained out IAP, Reuters) 

Flyers Bounce Back 
To Lead Series 2-0 

New Jersey Crushes Canadiens; 
Ottawa Unnerves Sabres’ Goalie 

The Associated Press 

Trent Klatt scored the game- winner 
with 6:20 left in the third period as the 
Philadelphia Flyers twice came back 
from a one-goal deficit in the third peri- 
od to beat the ‘Pittsburgh Penguins. 3- 

Klatt 's goal Saturday night came on a 
20-foot (6-meter) wrist shot out of the 

NHL Playoffs 

corner. The puck bounced into the air 
before dropping behind the goaltender, 
Ken Wregget. who knocked it over the 
line as he scrambled to find it. 

The victory gives Philadelphia a 2-0 
lead in the best-of-7 series, which re- 
sumes Monday night in Pittsburgh. The 
Penguins are 0-14-1 on the road since 
bearing Montreal on Jan. 26. 

The Penguins had four power plays in 
the first period, including a two-man 
advantage for 1:14, but scored the peri- 
od's only goal seven seconds after 
killing off a hooking penalty to Jaromir 

Jagr stepped out of the penalty box 
and took the puck across the blue line, 
then passed across to Mario Lemieux. 
who was trailing on the play. 

Unchecked, Lemieux connected on a 
low shot to beat the Flyers' goalie. Garth 
Snow, at 1039. 

Twice in the scoreless second period. 
Pittsburgh's defenseman Fredrik Olaus- 
son swept away pucks that got behind 
Wregget and were lying on the goal 

After 3:23 of the third period. Joel 
Otto tied the game at 1-1. Jagr put the 
Penguins up 2-1 with an impressiverush 
just a minute later. 

Taking a pass from Lemieux. Jagr 
bore down on Snow as Eric Desjardins 
tried to bring him down. Jagr fought off 
Desjardins and faked Snow before put- 
ting in a backhanded shot at 4:44. 

Just 72 seconds after that goal the 
Flyers tied the game again. John LeClair 
took a rebound and beat Wregget with a 
wrist shot dial squeezed between the 
goalie's right aim and his body. 

A crowd of 19,812 was the largest to 
attend a hockey game in the Phil- 
adelphia franchise's history. The team's 
minor-league affiliate, the Philadelphia 
Rian toms, drew 13,057 to the building 
for a playoff game earlier in the day. 

Senators 3, Sabres 1 In Buffalo, 

Dominik Hasek.the Sabres' goaltender. 
allowed an early goal and never re- 
covered his poise. Ottawa made the 
most of his uncharacteristic play to gain 
its first-ever playoff victory and level 
the series at one game each. 

All three Ottawa goals came on re- 
bounds, which Hasek usually handles. 

"He's a good goalie, and you have to 
expect he's going to stop the ftrsL shot.'* 
said Daniel Alfredsson, who scored Ot- 
tawa's third goal. 

“You just have to be there to bang in 
the rebound." he said. 

Hasek's frustration surfaced in the 
third period when he hit Alexei Yashin 
in the head with his mitt and was called 
for interference. 

"He was doing things we don't nor- 
mally see from Dominik Hasek," said 
Randy Cunneyworth. a Senators' for- 

Andreas Dackell and Steve Duchesne 
scored to give the Senators a 2-1 lead 
after the first two periods. 

Duchesne's power-play goal put Ot- 
tawa ahead for good before Alfredsson 
scored 1 8 seconds into the third period 
and essentially eliminated any chance 
for a Buffalo comeback. 

Randy Burridge scored for the 

Devils 4, Canadiens 1 1t was business 
as usual for the New Jersey Devils. 

The Devils' stifling defense left the 
Montreal Canadiens searching for an- 
swers and finding fault with the ref- 

The Canadiens' defenseman Dave 
Man son blamed the referee. Stephen 
Walkom, after the Devils capitalized on 
three of six power-play chances, each 
time with Manson in the penalty box. 

The Canadiens had just two power 
plays, the firsr after New Jersey bad 
built a 4-0 lead on two power-play goals 
and an assist by John MacLean. 

Martin Brodeur shur out the Ca- 
nadiens for the first 54-plus minutes, 
and Bill Guerin and Bobby Carpenter 
added goals as the Devils cook a 2-0 lead 
in their first-round Eastern Conference 
playoff series. 

The Canadiens. who have lost six 
straight playoff games dating to last 
season, avoided the shutout when Brian 
Savage scored with 5:27 to play. 

Play was delayed for about a minute 
because someone threw a boar's head 
on the ice. 

Dismal End to Celtics’ Awful Season 

Boston Closes Against Raptors With Most Lopsided Loss of Year 

Th e Associated Press 

. The Boston Celtics ended the worst 
season in their history Sunday, losing 
. 125-94 to tbe Toronto Raptors, 

' their most lopsided defeat of the year. 

• Boston finished at 15-67, for worse 
than its previous worst season, 22-46 in 

Damon Stoudamtre scored 32 points 
against a weak Celtics defense. The Rap- 
tors widened their lead in each quarter, 


stretching it to as many as 35 points 
before Boston scored the final four 

The Raptors ended tbeir second sea- 
son at 30-52, an impressive nine games 
better than their record last year. 

The Celtics allowed the most points 
and the highest field goal percentage in 
the NBA and on Sunday drey repeatedly 
gave the Raptors clear paths to me basket 
and open jumpers. 

■ In games played on Saturday: 

Knicks 183, Bids 1 M The New York 
Knicks clinched the third seed in the 
Eastern Conference and kept the Bulls 
from repeating as 70-game winners by 
winning in Chicago in the final regular 
season game for both teams. 

The Knicks finished 57-25 and earned 
the right to avoid the defe nding NBA 
champion Bulls until the Eastern Con- 
ference finals, if both teams get that far. 
New York won at the United Center for 
the first time; it had lost eight in a row in 
tbe building, which opened in 1994, and 
11 straight at Chicago. 

’ The Bulls ended up 69-13. Last sea- 
son they went 72-10 and became the first 
team to break the 70-victory barrier. Tbe 
loss also snapped the Bulls’ 32-game 
home winning streak and prevented 
Ihem from matching tbe 1 985-86 Boston 
Celtics’ 40-1 home record. Chicago also 
had a chance to tie the Celtics last season 
but lost to Indiana in its home finale- 
Patrick Ewing scored 27 points for the 
Knicks and made a 10 -foot jumper from 
the left baseline with a little more than a 
minute to go for a 100-99 lead. After 
Michael Joraan missed a 15-footer, John 

Smrics hit a 3-pointea- for the Knicks after 

picking up a loose balL 

Jordan finished with 33 points for the 
Bulls, who led by as many as 14 points in 
the first half and nine in the fourth 
quarter. , , , _ 

New York will open us best-of-five 
first-round series Thursday agamst 
either Detroit or Charlotte. Chicago wffl 
face Washington or Cleveland on Fri- 
day. Washington and Cleveland played 
Sunday in a game that would decide the 
final playoff berth. . . 

Chicago, which lost three of its final 
four games, expects to have Dennis Rod- 
man and Toni Knkoc back from injuries 
for the playoffs. 

• jazz 101, Tanbarwotea* OS _ Kan 

Malone sawed 26 points in 25 minutes 
and John Stockton added 14 points and 

J nhn/ l d irn»g Aw igk lrd Piw 

The Knicks. Allan Houston, left, defending against Bulls’ Michael Jordan. 

12 assists as Utah prevented Minnesota 
from reaching the 300 mark. 

James Robinson led die Timber- 
wolves with 28 points, including seven 

Utah, which wrapped up the best re- 
cord in the Western Conference more than 
a weekago, will open tbe first round of the 
playoffs against the Los Angeles Clip™”' 
on Thursday night. The Jazz won a 
chise -record 63 games and finished with a 
club-record 38-3 mark at home. 

SuparSonies 138, Clipper* 100 In 

Seattle, Gary Payton scored 25 points 
and Detlef Schrempf had 24 as Seattle 
completed the regular season with a vic- 
tory over Los Angeles. 

Shawn Kemp added 22 points for the 
SuperSomcs, who have a half-game lead ‘ 
over die second-place Los Angeles 
Lakers in the Pacific Dr vision. The Lakers 
could take die division title and the No. 2 
seed in the Western Conference playoffs 
with a victory Sunday at Portland. 

Loy Vaught had 16 points and Pooh 
Richmrison added 15 for the Clippers 
(36-46), the eighth seed in the confer- 
ence. They open the playoffs next 
Thursday night on the road against top- 
seeded Utah... 

GrizztiM 121 , Sms 107 fit Phoenix, 
second-year center Bryant Reeves 
sowed a career-high 39 pouts and added 
11 rebounds as Vancouver beat their 

hosts to drop the Suns to the No. 7 seed in 
the Western Conference playoffs. 

Shareef Abdur-Rahim bad 26 points, 
10 assists and 10 rebounds for the Grizz- 

Hawks 136, 76ars io« Atlanta beat 
Philadelphia but lost its chance of win- 
ning the No. 3 seed in tbe East when New 
York beat Chicago. 

Steve Smith led Atlanta with 21 
points. It was the final regular-season 
game at the Atlanta Omni, which will be 
lorn down this summer. A new arena 
will built in its place and should open for 
the 1998-99 season. 

Heart 102 , Magic as In Miami, both the 
Heat and the Orlando Magic rested then- 
best players. 

The teams will meet in the first round 
of the playoffs beginning next Thursday 
or Friday. Miami s Tim Hardaway and 
Alonzo Mourning and Orlando's Rony 
Seikaly and Horace Grant didn’t play. 

Nuggets 100 , Hamricks 95 Ervin 
Johnson had 21 points and a career-high 
26 rebounds, and Kenny Smith made four 
free throws in the final 3Z5 seconds as 
Denver won in Dallas to avoid finishing 
die season with its worst record ever. 

Kings 122, Warrior* 120 In San Jose, 
Mahmoud Abdiil-Rauf hit three 3-point- 
ers in foe final 75 seconds of overtime as 
Sacramento beat Golden State to break a 
10-game road losing streak. 


_ 'SPORT, 

The top twelve Ice 
Championship; can 
the might of Russia 

Ice Hockey: 

2ft April - 14 May; LIVE, 
Th* Wbrid Championship, 

Finland plays host to the best 
teams In the world 

21-27 April, LIVE, The 
Monte Carlo Open, Super 0 
The world's best players meet 
in one of the world's most 

glamorous cities 

Indy car: 

25 - 27 April, LIVE, 

PPG CART Worid Series, 
Nazareth, USA 
The fourth round of the 
Championship comes from 
the Nazareth Speedway, 


22 - 24 April, UEFA 
and Cup Winners’ Cup, 

The battle is onto quafify for the 
final in two of Europeb top 
footbafl c om p etiti ons 

CYCLING Bartoli proves a to ugh nut P.1 8 ICE HOCKEY Flyers on top in playoffs R.1 9 BASEBALL Cubs keep losing P-1 9 




MONDAY, APRIL 21, 1997 

World Roundup 

Worst-Paid Player 

CageVinsTMe StODS Italy’s Elite 

Am B Chfart PaoA nf T?Hfllan^ ^ 

: : 

golf Stuart Cage of England 
won the first European Tour title 
of his career when he captured the 
Cannes Open on Sunday. 

Cage, who has suffered from a 
painful stomach condition since 
early February, fired a final-round 
5 -under-par 66 to stretch his three- 
shot overnight lead to five shots 
and finish 14-under at 270. He 
won 580,000, the biggest check of 
his career. 

David Carter who underwent 
brain surgery in February, shot a 
62 to share second place at 27S 
with Paul Broadhurst 

“I’m ecstatic," Carter said. 
“It's a miracle. I’m just happy to 
be alive." 

• Nick Price, who has not won 
in America for three years, led by 
two strokes after three rounds of 
the MCI Classic on Hilton Head 

Price shot a 69 Saturday for a 
10- under 203. Brad Faxon was in 
second and Tom Lehman was 
three back at 7-under. ( AP) 

In France, A Pair of Underdogs 
Battles Though to the Cup Final 

Cmfdtd irt Otr Skjf Fnm Dup^tdta 

Massimiliano Caniato. the lowest 

paid player in Italy's Serie A. shut out 
Parma on Sunday as Udinese added a 2- 
0 win over the league’s second-place 
club to last week's upset of leader Ju- 
ventus of Turin. 

It was host Parma's fourth loss in 14 
games. Juventus, which beat Bologna 1 - 

final for the first time. 

Nice scored on the break as Laval was 

claiming a penalty at the other end. 
Midfielder Neef volleyed Mohammed 
Cha ouch’s header past Laval goalkeep- 
er Christophe Gardie for his third goal in 
the competition. 

Guingamp had never before reached 
the Bench Cup semifinals. It needed 
extra time for the third time in five 
rounds of the French Cup. 

SPAIN Barcelona kept up its chal- 
lenge for Spain's second European Cup 
place Sunday as Ronaldo and Abefardo 
Fernandez scored in a comfortable 2-0 
home victory over Athletic Bilbao. 

Hie win put Barcelona one point 
ahead of Real Beds — 1-0 winners at 
Tenerife on Saturday — and three ahead 
of Deportivo La Coruna, which beat 
Logrones. 2-1. 

Deportivo midfielder Rivaido. con- 
tinued his fine season with two goals at 
Logrones. one of them from the penalty 

A fine performance by international 
striker Kiko Narvaez helped troubled 
champions Atletico Madrid to haul 
themselves out of rut with a 3-1 victory 
over fellow UEFA Cup hopeful Val- 

Atletico remained fifth in the stand- 
ings. out of contention for a European 
Cup place. 

Scotland Jorge Cadete scored twice 
Sunday as Celtic beat Aberdeen. 3-0. to 
keep alive its slim hope of winning the 
Scottish championship. The victory 
leaves Celtic nine points behind Glasgow 
Rangers with three games remaining. 

Germany In a weekend of big 
games, Bayern Munich, the Bundesliga 
leader, tied 1-1 with reigning champion 
Borussia Dortmund on Saturday, while 
Beyer Leverkusen, which is second in 
the league, won. 2-1, at Stuttgart which 
started the weekend in third place. 

Paulo Sergio blasted home a rebound 

Dragons Bum Claymores 

FOOTBALL Jon Kitna threw two 
touchdown passes Sunday as the 
Barcelona Dragons defeated the 
defending World League cham- 
pion Scottish Claymores, 20-7. 

• TJ. Rubley tossed three 
touchdowns Sunday as the Rhein 
Fire's offense finally came alive 
in a 28-6 WLAF win over the 
London Monarc hs. Rhein Fire 
dominated the second half com- 
piling 292 yards on offense. ( AP) 

Castro Takes Rotterdam 

MARATHON Domingos Castro 
of Portugal outran a strong field 
Sunday to win the Rotterdam 
Marathon in 2 hours 7 minutes and 
51 seconds. 

Alejandro Gomez of Spain, fin- 
ished second in 2:07.54. Kenya’s 
Sammy Korrir was third in 
2:08.02. Nine men finished inside 
2 hours, 10 minutes. 

Kenyan Tegla Loroupe won the 
omen’s event in 2:22.07, cutting 

0 on Saturday, holds a six-point lead 
with six matches left. 

Alessandro Pierini scored his first ca- 
reer goal after a defensive lapse by Parma 
in the 68th minute, and the German in- 
ternational Oliver Bieriioff added Ud- 
inese’s second goal with a penalty kick in 
the 87th minute. 

Udinese stretched its unbeaten streak 
to five gam es and remained in the hunt 
for a UEFA Cup berth. 

In his second appearance of die year. 
Caniaio stymied an inconsistent Parma 
attack that was missing injured the Italy 
national team forward Enrico Chiesa. 
Caniato makes 3 million lire (S1.770) a 

Elsewhere. Igor Protti. who had 
scored just once Sis season, scored three 
times in the first half to lead Lazio of 
Rome past last-place Reggiana by 6-1. 

AC Milan, the defending champion, 
drew 0-0 in the rain against visiting 
Piacenza after Milan's Demetrio Al- 
bertmi hit the post with a penalty kick. 
Milan is 10th in the 18-team league. 

FRANCE Nice, bottom of the first 
division, reached the French Cup final 
Sunday when it beat second division 
Laval. 1-0. 

Thierry de Neef scored for Nice in the 
33d minute. Nice will meet Guingamp 
in the final May 10 in Paris. 

Guingamp beat fellow first division 
team Montpellier 2-0 after extra time in 
the other semifinal Saturday to reach the 

after 42 minutes to put Leverkusen ahead. 
Ulf Kirsten increased the lead on a break- 
away after 64 minutes. Thomas Berthold 
scored back for Stuttgart 
Leverkusen closed to within three 
points of Bayern, while Stuttgart is 
fourth a point behind Dortmund. 

Bayem and Dortmund fought out a 
highly charged draw. Karlheinz Riedle 
gave Dortmund the lead in the second 
minute. Bayern struck back just a 
minute later when Ruggiero Rizzitelli 
headed past Stefan KJos. 

Dortmund, which needed to win to 
make up ground on Bayem, attacked 

throughout the second half but could not 

Two Dortmund defenders, Matthias 
Sammer and Stefan Reuter, failed fitness 
tests. Coach Ottmar Hiizfeld said 
Sunday that Sammer would not be fit for 
Wednesday's European Cup game 
against Manchester United. 

England Manchester United moved 
to within five points of the English 
premier league title after it won at 
second-place Liverpool on Saturday. 
Third-place Arsenal could only tie at 
home against Blackburn. 

United dominated Liverpool, which 

women s event in 2:22.07, cutting 
516 minutes off her personal best 
She beat Marleen Renders by 
more than 316 minutes. 

• Josephat Ndeti won the Bel- 
grade Marathon on Saturday, 
leading a sweep of the top three 
places by Kenyans. Ndeti finished 
in 2:13:37. 

Irina Bogacheva of Kirghizstan 
was the fastest woman with a time 
of 2:34.56. (Reuters) 

Rams Snare 340-Pound Tackle as NFL’ s No. 1 Draft Pick 

By Timothy W. Smith 

New York Times Service 

Bruins Dismiss Coach 

ice hockey Steve Kasper was 
fired as coach of the Boston Bru- 
ins after two years of what as- 
sistant general manager Mike 
O'Connell termed "disastrous re- 
sults." (AP) 

76ers Fire Coach and GM 

BASKETBALL The Philadelphia 
76ers fired general manager Brad 
Greenberg and head coach Johnny 
Davis on Sunday, hours after end- 

Davis on Sunday, hours after end- 
ing the season with the third-worst 
mark in franchise history. (AP) 

Pakistan Hits Out 

cricket Hashan Tiilekerame 
completed his sixth test century as 
Sri Lanka were bowled out shortly 
after lunch for 330 by Pakistan on 
the second day of the opening test 
in Colombo. 

When Pakistan batted Ijaz 
Ahmed made 90 not out as the 
Pakistanis raced to 200 runs for 
two wickets at the close. 

• In Georgetown, on the fourth 
day of the fifth and final test, India 
ana West Indies were again kept 
off the field by rain on the fourth 
day of the fifth and final test. Two 
days had already been lost be- 
cause of wet weather. India is on 
194-2 after the first day .(Reuters) 

NEW YORK — Dick Vermeil, the 
St Loins Rams’ new coach, and Dennis 
Erickson, Seattle's coach, looked at the 
National Football League’s college 
draft and saw opportunities. 

Other NFL coaches — Bill Parcells. 
Mike Ditka and Dan Reeves — looked 
at the pool of players, the talent on their 
new teams, their drafting positions and 
decided that quantity was better than 
quality. They each traded down — from 
No. 1 , 2 and 3 — for additional picks. 

How to build a team: quality or quan- 

That was the philosophical question 
Saturday at the cheater in Madison 
Square Garden. The winners will be 
determined in December. 

Vermeil took up Parcells, the Jets’ 
coach, on his offer to unload the No. 1 
pick and the Rams used it to select 
Orlando Pace, the 340-pound (153-kilo- 
gram) offensive tackle from Ohio State 
who is expected to be die cornerstone of 
the offensive line for die next decade. 

Oakland had hankered after Pace and 
traded with Ditka to get the second pick 
from the Saints. It used the selection it 
had received to take Darrell Russell, a 
320-pound defensive tackle from the 
University of Southern California. 

Erickson used the No. 3 pick he got 
from Reeves and the Falcons to select 
Pace's teammate, comerback Shawn 
Springs. Later, Erickson made a trade 
with Tampa Bay for the No. 6 pick, 
which the Bucs received in a trade with 
the Jets. With that selection, the 
Seahawks drafted offensive tackle Wal- 
ter Jones of Florida State. Erickson 
made off with two picks among the first 
six selections. 

Bot &cvn^A(t=cr frxxe- Prene 

Orlando Pace, an offensive tackle at 
Ohio State and St Louis's top pick. 

The Baltimore Ravens selected one 
of Jones's tea mm a te s, linebacker Peter 
Boulware. with the No. 4 selection, and 
the Detroit Lions chose the Texas 
comerback Bryant Westbrook at No. 

The Giants surprised quite a few of 
their fans by selecting the wide receiver 
Ike Hilliard at No. 7. Many people had 
Yatil Green of Miami and Rae Camith 
of Colorado rated higher than Hilliard. 
Green, a speedster, was selected by the 
Miami Dolphins at No. 15. 

"They looked at a lot of film last 
week and they came to the conclusion 
this was the one they had to have," said 
the Giants' co-owner. Robert Tisch. 

Eight of the first 17 players taken 
were from Florida colleges, including 
four players from Florida State. 

By trading the No. 1 pick overall to 

St. Louis, Parcells picked up the Rams’ 
first-round pick (No. 6) and a third-, 
fourth- and seventh-round selection. 
Parcells traded the seventh-round pick 
on Friday to the Eagles for the veteran 
defensive lineman Ronnie Dixon. 

But he was not done. Parcells traded 
die No. 6 pick to Tampa Bay for the 
Bucs’ No. 8 selection and a fourth- 
round pick. Parcells did not want to drop 
any further than that in the first round. 

’ ‘We had three guys we liked at No. 
8.” Parcells said. "But if we were mov- 
ing down to No. 12, we were taking a 

With the No. 8 pick, the Jets selected 
James Farrior, a outside linebacker from 
Virginia. The first rime Farrior spoke 
with anyone on the Jets was Saturday, 
when Parcells telephoned him from the 
Jets’ table at the theater. 

In the conversation he had with Par- 
cells a couple of weeks ago, Pace said he 
knew that Parcells was going to trade 
the selection. 

"Coach Parcells was real uncertain 
about what he was going to do," Pace 
said. "So. I thought he’d trade the 

Pace became the fourth offensive 
lineman taken No. 1 overall in die 62- 
year history of the draft; the others were 
Ki Aldrich in 1939, Chuck Bednarik in 
1949 and Ron Yary in 1968. Pace was 
asked whether his selection as the top 

For Some College Stars, a Long Wait 

CcB^ahd hyOwSuffFnm OtyartB 

NEW YORK — Quarterback 
Danny Wuerffel of Florida, the Heis- 
man Trophy winner, was taken by 
New Orleans in the fourth round of 
the NFL draft Sunday, the 99th player 
chosen overall. 

Wuerffel was the third quarterback 
selected. San Francisco took Virginia 
Tech's Jim Druckenmiller in the first 
round, and Arizona picked Arizona 
State’s Jake Plummer in the third. 

Joke Bames of California, who was 
rated ahead of Wuerffel in most 

scouting lists, went 11 picks after 
Kansas City picked Wuerffel. 

Darnell Autry, fee Northwestern 
running back, will not have to move 
far. He was drafted Sunday by fee 
Chicago Bears. 

There also were two fourth-round- 

ers from Cornell — defensive tackle 
Seth Payne, who went to Jacksonville, 
and running back Chad Levitt, chosen 
by Oakland. They were the second and 
third Ivy Leaguers drafted, as Buffalo 
had taken Columbia’s Marcellos 
WIfey in fee second round. 

Bill Walsh, who is a consultant for 
the San Francisco 49eis. rated Plum- 
mer as this draft's top quarterback, 
and he suggested feat he could make 
another Joe Montana out of him . 

The 49ers however, had rated 
Plummer third behind Dr uckenmiller 
and the California quarterback Pat 
Barnes, who had remained undrafted 
after three rounds. 

Druckenmiller’s draft, in fee 26th 
pick of the first round, made him fee 
first quarterback chosen. 


pick would change the way that of- 
fensive linemen are regarded. 

tensive linemen are regarded. 

"One thing you may or may not 
realize is that my whole career has been 
full of firsts." Pace said. "The first 
freshman to ever start at Ohio State, fee 
first sophomore to win fee Lombardi 

Trophy. Hopefully. I can continue to do 
firsts in fee NFL and do them for a long 

Detroit wanted to move up to No. I to 
select Russell. Leigh Steinberg, tire 
agent for Russell, said he talked with the 
Lions on Friday and Saturday morning 
about fee possibility of moving up. 

"I thought to the end feat there might 
be a chance that Darrell would go first," 
Steinberg said. 

Vermeil said be never received any 
serious calls from fee Lions or any other 

"We would have entertained some 
serious offers, but we never had any 
serious calls," Vermeil said. 

Vermeil said the thinking in trading 
up for the No. I overall was: "Why 

He said fee team wanted Westbrook 

£ ; 

Celtic’s Simon Donnelly, left, restraining Aberdeen's Tzanko Tzvetanov in a game Sunday won by Celtic, 3-0. 

matte to Baltimore, shopped it to the Jets 
and wound up wife fee No. 1 pick. 

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defended abysmally and was under- 
mined by another woeful display from 
its goalkeeper, David James. 

All four goals came from headers, 
wife Gary Pallister scoring twice for 
United and Andy Cole adding another. 
John Bames briefly gave Liverpool 
some hope wife a rare header that can- 
celed out PalUster’s opener. 

James, who nervously came for tolls 
when he should have stayed on his line, 
and stayed when he should have come 
out, gave United its third. He missed a 
cross, allowing Cole an unchallenged 
header. (AP. Reuters) 

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he would fall feat far, so they thought 
about trading up to No. 4. It still did not 
look possible. 

So. Vermeil started thinking that if 
they moved up to No. 4 and could not 
get Westbrook, they would take Walter 
Jones. But wife just a little more than 
what Baltimore was asking for fee No. 4 
spot, they could move all the way up to 
No. 1 and take Pace. 

“If we’re going to take a tackle lei’s 
get fee best,” Vermeil said. 

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