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■ The World’s Daily Newspaper 

London, Thursday, April 24, 1997 

No. 35.504 




Sudden End to Test of Wills in Peru 

LIMA — It began as another slow, 
bot afternoon at the Japanese ambas- 
sador’s residence. Day 126 of the 
standoff, between the government and 
leftist rebels holding 72 hostages. 

For weeks, the scene outside the 
residence had been sleepy: A few po- 
licemen on guard duty. Red Cross 
workers routinely bringing in food. It 
looked as ifPresident Alberto Fujimori 
and Nestor Cerpa Cartolini, the leader 
of the hostage-takers, had settled in for 
a test of wills that might take months 

Most of fte hostages were on the 
second floor, with the gueoillas-on the 
first floor playing their customary af- 
ternoon soccer game. Soccer was one 
of the many games and exercises that 
the rebels and hostages used to while 
away the time. Most of the Tupac 
Amaru rebels were jungle-trained 
youths in their teens and 20s. 

Suddenly, secret word was passed 
among the hostages: Soldiers would 
attack in 10 minutes. The captives 
should drop to the floor when they 
heard an explosion. 

Then, in a blur of gunfire and ex- 
plosions, file daring rescue operation 
was under way. Four months of fear, 
tension and boredom were shattered 
when President Alberto Fujimori 
seized die precise moment to strike. 

Half an hour later, it was over. Two 
soldiers were dead, and one hostage 
would later die of a heart attar* None 
of file 14 rebels, who had held the 
hostages since invading a glittering 
diplomatic party Dec. 17, had a 

“We always knew that we could do 
k." one policeman said. “We’ve been 
far this for a long time.” 
and timing were the key. Mr. 
.Gcxpa and his three top lieutenants 
Were fighting the inaction with the 
game Gfdose-quarter soccer with four 
other guerrillas. They were relaxed as 
fee hot afternoon sun beat down. Mr. 
fttjimori saw his chance. 

with the use of electronic devices, 
Mr. Fujimori knew of the soccer 
match. “Ihe reformation was so pre- 
cise anddetafled,” be stud afterward, 
“tbail didn’t waver fora single nunute 
in giving file order for fins rescue op- 
eration.” • 

At 3:17 PM. he gave the order. Six 
minutes later the attack began. 

The explosion in a tunnel under the 
mam hall instantly killed or wounded 
the soccer players. It was presumably 
the same tunnel that Mr. Cexpa said 
was being dug six weeks ago when he 
suspended talks with government ne- 

Mr. Cerpa said the government was 

pohce^colonel in cteugtfof security 
around the ambassador’s residence 
said then that the accusation was “an 
invention” of the kidnappers. 

But a Lima newspaper. La Repub- 
lica, reported Wednesday that profes- 
sional miners brought in by the police 
started digging file tunnel in January, 
and that the police had played martial 
music over huge speakers outside the 
residence to mask the sound of the 

After blasting fire reception-hall 
area, part of a 140-man elite military- 
police team poured through the cotn- 
nd's front gate and blew open the 
it door of the mansion. 

Other soldiers attacked from the 
rear, and a third unit climbed to tire roof 
and helped hostages flee. 

See RAID, Page 2 

■>U« V-y 

” "* V*' 

Nunn Ucjia/Tbr Anuwuted Plan 

President Fujimori raising his hand to cheering soldiers in front of the ambassador’s residence in Lima. 

Passive Japan Ponders the Samurai 

By Sheryl WuDunn 

New fork Times Service 

TOKYO — Though the nation breathed a collective sigh 
of relief and jubilation Wednesday over the release of 
hostages, a simm ering issue over die use of force is be- 
ginning to surface: In adamantly advocating peace, is Japan 
mviting -terrorist wax'? 

The violent raid to release hostages at the residence of the 
Japanese ambassador in Lima scraped against the moral 
tablet of many bone. Buta handful of Japanese are beginning 
to re-evahtate fire blanketed peaceful approach that since the 
end of Wodd War II has touched nearly every facet of crisis 
management in Japan. 

■ “Fujimori has the samurai spirit that the Japanese have 

Escape in Lima 

The assault began with an explosion In a tunnel under a hallway of the main 
building, which Jcit/ed or injured eight of the 14 rebels. The 140-man 
atmmando unit then blasted opm the front door and attacked from the rear 
of the residence, while others scaled the roof to help hostages flee. 

A third unit 


One unit blasted through 
the front door of the, 

lost,” said Yasuo Shirakura. a 45-year-old publisher of a 
local newspaper, referring to President Alberto Fujimori of 
Peru. “In Japan, the terrorists would have taken money and 
escaped. That is not a peaceful settlement. Thar is a set- 
tlement conducted by criminals. Japan would have been 
looked down upon." 

Peru's successful military raid is certainly not about to 
spark a remake of Japan's peaceful worldview. But as nods 
of approval poured in from all comers of society, rigidly 
held attitudes may be beginning to melt, and the realization 
that Japan could be stronger and more flexible is beginning 
to sink in. 

If Japan does not change more quickly, some argue, it will 
See JAPAN, Page 2 

Fujimori Uplifted 
By Success of Raid; 
Rebels Vow Revenge 


LIMA — President Alberto Fuji- 
mori of Peru basked Wednesday in a 
triumphant end to the worst crisis of bis 
career after troops freed 71 hostages at 
the Japanese ambassador's home. 

The Tupac Amaru rebels vowed re- 
venge but it was clear that the raid had 
dealt a devastating blow to the already 
moribund guerrilla group and given the 
president a huge political lift AH 14 
rebels died in the rescue operation. 

Mr. Fujimori fought back tears when 
he read fee names of those who had 
died: a Supreme Court justice, Carlos 
Giusti, and two army officers, members 
of his teenage son's security guard. 

Tile president said Mr. Giusti ap- 
parently had died of a heart attack after 
he was shot dining the assault. It was 
unclear who fired at him. 

The president said 25 other captives 

See LIMA, Page 2 

Russia and China Agree: 
Washington Is Too Bossy 

By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Service 

’ MOSCOW— The presidents of Rus- 
sia and China, symbolically thumbing 
their noses at the United Stares, signed a 
. declaration Wednesday formally en- 
dorsing “a new mnltipolar world” that 
Would counterbalance Washington's 
global muscle. 

Bui beyond pomp, ceremony ana 
words of friendship at their Moscow 
meeting, there was little sign of what 
policies or actions Boris Yeltsin 


eltsin and 

wukwg w* — > — -** . 

Jiang Zemin planned to embrace Inst 
would advance the “new international 
order” they so gravely proclaimed. 


Nawsetand Prices 

Bahrain 1.000 Din 

.Cyprus C.£1.0D 

Denmark ...14.00 DXr. 
Finland ,r;..12.00 F.M. 
Gibraltar.......— .£ 0.85 

Great Britain 050 

Egypt -..GESSO 

Jordan ........1 .250 JD 

Kenya. X. SH. 160 

Kuwait .600 fib 

Malta S5C- 

Nigeria -.125,00 Naira 

Oman 1.250 Rials 

rfatar 10.00 Riafe 

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Saudi Arabia .10.00 R 
& Africa -3*12 + VAT 
UAE--—— 10.00 OWi 

UAML(EurJ -SI-20 

Zimbabwe.— SmSSOJIO 

770294. u 80504 

Although both took pains not to men- 
tion fee United States by name, their 
resentment of Washington's unrivaled 
clout permeated the Kremlin signing 

“Some are pufling the world toward a 
imi pnlar coder,” said Mr. Yeltsin, who. 

The UA secretary of state will visit ' 
Moscow next week. Page 6. 

when be last met with President Bill 
Clinton in Helsinki a month ago, ap- 
peared grumpy at a press conference 
afterward. “Someone wants to dictate 
outer in the wodd. And we warn a 
multipolar worid-” 

He added. “These poles constitute 
file foundation of a new worid order.” 

China is on record supporting Rus- 
sia's bitter opposition to the eastward 
expansion of NATO, the Western se- 
curity alliance in which fee United 
States plays the leading role. NATO is 
expected to announce in July that itwill 
add members from fee former Soviet- 
dominated Warsaw ..Pact — probably 
fee Czech Republic, Hungary and Pi> 

land. . . 

In the past, mutual suspicions be- 
tween Moscow and Beijing have run 
deep. In December, for example, Rus- 

See ALBRIGHT, Page 6 


Prime Minister John Mgjor being heckled by Scottish Nationalists on 
Wednesday. British polls offered him hope or not, depending. Page 5. 

The Dollar 

New Yak 

Wednesday O 4 PJrf. 

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Wednesday dose 

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1 S&P 500 | 


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previous dose 





Names for Mixed-Race Americans 


Dalai Lama to See Clinton in CLS. 


Page 10. 

_ Pages 8-9. 


Pages 18-19. 

MornatkjnBt CtassMed 

Page 4. 

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‘ J 

ft Make Euro 
By 1999, Elf Forecasts 

Early French Vote 
Is a Referendum 
On Global Vision 

By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In gambling on a snap 
election, President Jacques Chirac has 
come out in favor of a vision of France's 
future as a partner in European inte- 
gration, in trans-Atlantic security co- 
operation wife the United States and in 
global economic competition, notably 
with Aria. 

Although fee campaign themes nom- 
inally focus on domestic issues, includ- 
ing jobs, racism, labor rules and social 
protection, fee election is really, a Chir- 
ac aide said Wednesday, “a referendum 
on Europe and by extension on France's 
new approach to its place in the 

Movement in this direction was liable 
to be held hostage by an election cam- 
paign due to start about now and last for 
a year, but presidential aides and gov- 
ernment officials said that a one-month 


campaign could largely free fee gov- 
ernment's hand in dealing wife a series 
of questions, including: 

• The euro, as the European Union 
plans to call its currency. Meeting fee 
qualification criteria a year from now 
seems likely to require more deficit- 
cutting measures of fee sort that have 
fuelediabor stoppages for a year. Rather 
than face a last-minute explosion. Mr. 
Chirac has chosen to be in a position of 
negotiating strength — or to start re- 
treating now if he loses. 

• Negotiations with NATO. France 
has threatened to freeze its return to fee 
alliance unless the summit meeting in 
July changes the U.S. monopoly over 
fee southern command in Naples. Any . 
outcome short of a French triumph — 
considered unlikely — would have been 
a potentially damaging election issue 
next year. Now fee campaign will be 
over before the issue is decided, dip- 
lomats said, noting feat Mr. Chirac 
would then have five years ahead of him 
to press Washington and other NATO 
allies for what be wants. 

• Economic modernization. Privat- 
izations, a key to making France more 
competitive, will be facilitated, officials 
said, citing France Telecom — whose 
partial sale in June will probably bring 
more than expected if the election re- 
moves the threat of seeing the process 
halted by politics — the aircraft-man- 

See FRANCE, Page 6 

3% Deficit Limit 
Is Not Expected 
To Be Attained 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Italy’s hopes of join- 
ing fee European single currency at fee 
start in 1999 suffered a major setback 
Wednesday when fee European Union’s 
executive commission forecast that fee 
country would exceed the deficit ceiling 
for monetary union this year. 

The report was a significant blow to 
fee government of Prune Minister Ro- 
mano Prodi. which had lobbied the com- 
mission intensively in recent days to 
have fee forecast changed, EU officials 

Mr. Prodi has staked his political 
career on getting Italy into fee single 
currency in 1999 and his government is 
currently pushing Parliament to ap- 
prove 16 trillion lire ($9 billion) of extra 
budgetary reductions in an effort to 
meet fee deficit requirement. 

But in its annual economic forecast, 
the commission predicted that Italy 
would run a budget deficit of 3.2 percent 
of gross domestic product in this de- 
cisive year, exceeding the ceiling of 3 
percent set in fee Maastricht Treaty on 
European Union. 

The commission forecast that all oth- 
er EU countries except Greece would 
meet fee requirement, if only just 
France and Germany led a group of five 
countries that were seen running deficits 
of precisely 3 percent. 

“The commission is putting a very 
clear signal to Italy that it is not in the 
same group as Portugal and Spam,” 
whose better budgetary position gives 
them a solid prospect of joining the 
single currency in 1999, said James 
Lister-Cheese of the London forecast- 
ing firm Independent Strategy. 

In Rome, Mr. Prodi called the fore- 
cast “incomprehensible.*' 

Emma Bonino, one of Italy’s two 
members on fee commission in Brus- 
sels, suggested bluntly feat Italy was 
getting harsher treatment than France 
and Germany. She noted that the In- 
ternationa] Monetary Fund predicted 
Wednesday that all three countries 
would exceed the ceiling with deficits of 
33 percent of gross domestic product 
this year. “Italy is not the only major 
country having difficulties in meeting 
fee 3 percent target," she said. 

Mrs. Bonino added that she hoped the 
forecast would encourage the govern- 
ment to pursue further reforms. 

Lamberto Dini, Italy's foreign tnin- 

See EMU, Page 13 

Clinton in a Final Push 
On Chemical Arms Pact 

By Alison Mitchell 

Nw York Times Service 

House, acknowledging that it was still 
short of fee votes needed for Senate 
approval of a global chemical weapons 
treaty, waged an intensive final cam- 
paign Wednesday of phone calls, lob- 
bying and public appearances, includ- 
ing an life-hour appeal by President 
Bill Clinton. 

“We’re doing the best we can to put 
together a strong case," Mr. Clinton 
told reporters Tuesday at the White 
House before flying to North Dakota to 
survey flood damage. “I’ve worked 
very hand on this, and I'm actually quite 
optimistic.” He said he had called 
wavering senators over the weekend. 

[Bob Dole reversed himself Wednes- 
day and threw his support behind the 
Met, The Associated Press reported 
Giving Mr. Clinton a major political 
boost, the former Senate majority leader 
was joining retired General Colin Powell 
at a White House ceremony to promote 
fee treaty on the eve of the Senate vote. 
Mr. Dole had opposed the meaty during 
his 1996 presidential campaign.] 

Aides said fee outcome of the vote 
Thursday was still impossible to predict 
because an unusually large number of 
Republican senators, 10 to 15. remained 
undecided Tuesday, on the eve of fee 
Senate debate. 

“Our view is that it's very close," a 

White House official said “It could go 
either way.” One previously undecided 
Republican, Aifonse D’ Amato of New 
York, announced Tuesday that he 
would support fee administration. 

The treaty must be approved by 67 
senators, or a two-thirds majority. All 
45 Democrats are expected to support it, 
and fee administration believes feat it 
has 9 solid Republican votes, but that is 
13 short. 

The treaty, known as the Chemical 
Weapons Convention, prohibits the de- 
velopment, production, stockpiling and 
use of chemical weapons. It was ne- 
gotiated during the Reagan and Bush 
administrations and signed during 
George’s Bush’s presidency. 

The high-stakes Senate vote 
Thursday will be the first test of Mr. 
Clinton's ability to build bipartisan sup- 
port for foreign policy in his second 
term. And administration officials ac- 
knowledge that rejection of the treaty 
would raise questions about fee future 
of other arms control accords before the 
Senate, like fee Comprehensive Test 
Ban Treaty. 

Mr. Clinton has said that the chemical 
weapons treaty would help fight ter- 
rorism and help protectU.S. troops from 
chemical attacks. He has also cast the 
vote as a test of U.S. leadership, saying 
that if fee United States does not join the 
international effort to ban chemical 

See TREATY, Page 6 

HI) I 

in Gears Hitler’s Deserters 

The Associated Press 

BONN — After years of arguments 
over whether German soldiers who 
deserted during World War H are 
heroes, cowards or criminals, politi- 
cians finally agreed Wednesday to 
exonerate them. 

Three of Germany’s main political 
patties agreed on a proposed parlia- 
mentary resolution that would, expies*.; 
“respect and sympathy” to about 
20.000 deserters executed by Nazi 
courts and tens of thousands more 

who were given prison sentences. 

The resolution, whose passage in 
Parliament is assured because of the 
parties’ backing, states that survivors 
or their families will receive a one- 
time payment of 7,500 Deutsche 
marks (>1385) as compensation. 

The reason it has taken more than 
five decades to exonerate the desert- 
ers is conservatives' fear that such an 
act would be seen as a general con- 
demnation of fee German military 
during World War *L 



The Rescue in Peru / A Bold Gamble, a Scramble for Safety, and a Shattered Rebel Movement 

Fujimori Basks in Aftermath of Crisis That Turned Into Political Victory 

V? r 

By Gabriel Escobar 

Washington Post Service 

a near mortal blow to a civil insurgency by 
Shinine Path guerrillas and Tupac Amaru Rev- 

BUENOS AIRES — His p lain white dress 
shirt was covered by a flak jacket, and his only 
visible weapon was a waUde-raikie, but when 
President Alberto Fujimori walked triumphantly 
onto the grounds of the Japanese a m bassador’s 
residence in Lima, he was every inch the con- 
quering general. 

Pounding his chest, gesticulating at the cheer- 
ing soldiers who surrounded him, and dom- 
inating what amounted to a field of battle after an 

Shining Path guerrillas and Tupac Amaru Rev- 
olutionary Movement rebels who terrorized the 
country for more than a decade. 

Finally, after the assault late Tuesday after- 
noon, he ended a crisis that had turned all Per- 

particuiarly in the countryside and often at the services, because we have given them basic 
expense of the market-oriented reforms he him- services.” 

sen imposed. Such a seeming conflict is veiy Mr. Fujimori emerged from obscurity in the 
much in character, revealing how be chooses his late 198% and won an improbable election vic- 

uvians in one way or another, into hostages for most anxious days of the hostage crisis. Mr. 

.. A . .< 1 .... ■ ■ J 1 3 _1 I.. .L. T 

improbable victory, Mr. Fujimori through one 
bold move completed his transformation from a 

bold move completed his transformation from a 
bookish and anonymous dean of an agricultural 
college to one of the most influential Peruvians of 
this century. 

Whatever his critics may say in the future — 
and his nearly seven years in office have given 
them plenty of ammunition — Mr. Fujimori can 
now claim to have saved his country not once, not 
twice, but three times. 

First, he introduced reforms that brought sta- 
bility. if not yet prosperity, to Peru. Then he dealt 

126 days. He called the commando operation 
“patient, efficient and well- 
managed, as always." 

If the assault proves as sue- He ended 
cessfol as it appeared from ini- , 

dal reports Tuesday — with the one wa y ( 

comparatively light death toll — 

on the government side of (me hostage and two 
soldiers — Mr. Fujimori's standing in Peru will 
reach new heights. 

His popularity had suffered lately as a result of 
the lingering hostage crisis — pollsters and oth- 
ers had long warned that such an onus could 
trigger some dramatic move on his part — and the 
poor who overwhelmingly support him will 
likely reward him with greater adulation. 

Over the last few years. Mr. Fujimori has 
devoted himself to improving the lot of the poor. 

Fujimori said he had already defeated the Tupac 

uesday after- battles. tory in 1990 against one of the most renowned 

imed all Per- In an interview in January, during some of die literary lions in Latin America, the novelist 
> hostages for most anxious days of the hostage crisis. Mr. Mario Vargas Liosa. 

ido operation Fujimori said he had already defeated the Tupac In 1992 he dissolved Congress, and with no 

opposition pushed through mar- 

"" ™ " ket-oriented reforms while still 

He ended a standoff that had turned all Peruvians, in proclaiming himself a populist. 

L • » f ,(,/» In his personal life, his divorce 

one way or another, mto hostages tor 1Z o days. was & ugi y _ he locked his 

wife out of the presidential 

Amaru rebels where it mattered most — in poor 
neighborhoods where their strength presumably 
would be greatest. 

“In the slums, it is very difficult for the rebels 
to have any political space, because we have won 
it over, because we have been working,” he said. 
* ‘Now neither the Shining Path nor Tupac Amaru 
can go into the slums and say, ‘What does the 
Peruvian state do for you?' They cannot say the 
state does not build schools, bec au se we build 
schools. They cannot say they do not have basic 

palace * — tfiat man y people thought it would 
wound him politically. But he emerged un- 
scathed and actually grew in popularity. 

Ambitious and autocratic, Mr. Fujimori is 
known to keep his own counsel. He seldom seeks 
advice and pays little attention to his personal 

During the hostage crisis, for example, be was 
asked often what it meant that his own brother 
was a hostage. Invariably, his answer was that his 
responsibility was to the nation and that all other 

who XwS ±5 S 

fedgments above everyone rise's and to basehts 
££S» on what Alexander Wateca. aW 
US. ambassador to Peru and assistant secret^ 
of state for Latin America, called a straight- 
forward and almost clinical “cost T 

During the January interview, Mr. Fnpmon 
said he would not hesitate to 
attack on the Tupac Amaru gunmen if conditions 
warranted. paSulariy * hostages were 

will have to make an evaluation,” be 
said. “In dial case, the logic with which .we are 

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working will change completely . . 

Speaking Tuesday night m Luna from atop.a 
car outside the Japanese compound, Mr- Fujnnon 
said he “did not doubt for a second moving the 
order” for the raid to begin, adding. ‘Tire black- 
mail of terrorists must not be permitted. 

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Japanese Hear the Good News From Peru Firsthand 


President Triumphant 

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Continued from Page 1 

Hostages Phone Families and Companies 

By Mary Jordan 

U’lit/uit^ron Post Service 

TOKYO — Frightened by an ex- 
plosion downstairs and fire engulfing 
the hallway, Akira Miyashita broke 
open a locked door and darted out onto 
the second-floor balcony of the Japan- 
ese ambassador's residence in Peru 
when the hostage rescue began. 

Mr. Miyashita spotted, in the garden, 
Peruvian troops, who shouted at him to 
jump. He tried to grab a pole that might 
have broken his nuL, missed and broke 
his foot But he won his safety and for 
die first time in four months the Japanese 
businessman did not have to fear that he 
might not leave die building alive. 

"I am relieved. I want to go back to 
Japan to meet my family.” Mr. Miy- 
ashita. 55, said in a phone call to his 
office, the Pent Mitsubishi Corp. 

The dramatic rescue of Mr. Miy- 
ashita and 70 other hostages was re- 
layed Wednesday to jubilant families 
and relieved employers, many of whom 
live in Japan. 

As die freed men talked of wanting a 
hot bath, a glass of wine and a hug from 
their families, news of bow the 72 hos- 
tages in Peru spent four agonizing 
months and a few terrifying last 
minutes emerged Wednesday. 

The hostages taught each other Span- 
ish and Japanese. Once a day. many of 
die men huddled around a radio listen- 
ing to Japanese songs that were aired 
especially for them, with the announcer 
Specifying which hostages each song 
was dedicated to and who had requested 
it. Twice a week, the Red Cross brought 
in letters from family and friends. 

This crisis has so consumed Japan 
that newspapers here printed extra edi- 
tions that were handed out on the streets 

Wednesday. News coverage of the res- 
cue dominated the airwaves from morn- 
ing till night Twelve of the hostages 
were employees of Japanese companies 
and each company held a press con- 
ference telling of phone conversations 
with their rescued employees. 

And Prime Minister Ryularo 
Hashimoto spoke to the nation twice on 
live television, saying that while it was 
“regrettable” that he bad not been in- 
formed of the decision to storm the 
compound, he was grateful for its re- 

From their reports, it emerged that a 
few hostages were playing mah-jongg. 
a Qunese board game, when the Per- 
uvian commandos stormed in and 
ushered them to freedom. 

About 10 hostages, including the Ja- 
panese ambassador, Morihisa Aoki, 
were reading in a second-floor room. 

Some of the captives, including those 
with military ana police backgrounds, 
were aware that the raid was about to 
take place, but others had no idea. 

Everyone was told to stay clear of the 
first-floor salon where many of the 
rebels, including their leader, were 
playing soccer. 

A dozen or so hostages burst iron 
bars on the windows and jumped from 
the second floor to safety after the gun- 
fire began. Still others managed their 
way onto the roof, where they crawled 
to freedom. 

* 1 

HpfV- ;M 

■trS • 

' . wr ' • •• 

A hostage crawling on his stomach toward safety as two armed Peruvian rescuers moved into the building. 

“It was such a risky way of solving 
e case, but I feel relieved I can get out 

the case, but I feel relieved I can get out 
of there with just several minor in- 
juries,” Masaru Tomita, 53, president 
of Peru Toyota Motor Corp. told his 
company. "Now I want to take a bath 
and sleep well.” 

Masami Kobayashi, 48, president of 
the Mitsui & Co. affiliate in Peru, told 

Tokyo headquarters that he had no idea 
that the raid was about to occur. 

“Suddenly, troops entered and over 
my head there was gunfire, the sound of 
bullets whizzing. 1 lay on the floor, 
belly down, and waited for the gunfire 
to cease. 1 couldn't understand what 
was going on." 

Others also reported the terrifying 
sound of flying bullets, the dense smoke 
that they feared would suffocate them 
and the fire in the second-floor hallway. 
The Japanese government had re- 

peatedly pleaded for a peaceful end to 
the crisis, saying that it believed that a 
negotiated settlement, joot a forceful 
entry, was the.bea course of aCtiocL. v. 

“It is unfortunate that it had.tq be 
done by force,'' said Kiyomi Igsrasbi,.* 
56, a clerk for a water company in 

“Surely, it would have been better if 
the case were resolved through nego- 
tiations, without any casualties.” 

Many others cheered the action by 
the Peruvian government and said more 

lives could have been lost if it had not 
taken decisive action. 

Ambassador. Aoki , host of tie patty 
peel 17 that ended in thehostagetaking, 
held a news conference in Lima'from a 
wheelchair;, saying that be watited to 
apologize for all that happened. “I am 
so ashamed.” he said. 

He added that when the gunfire 
began he never thought he would live to 
see the end of the day. “The first thing 
that came into my bead was my life aids 
now." he said. 

Drama in Lima Leaves 

Guerrilla Group a Wreck 

By James Brooke 

New York Times Service 

The violent end to Peru’s long hostage 

crisis leaves the guerrilla group that car- 
ried out the siege, the Tupac Amaru 

ried out the siege, the Tupac Amaru 
Revolutionary Movement, with most of 
its members either dead or in jail. 

For the Tupac Amaru, Peru's second- 
largest rebel group, the seizing of the 
Japanese ambassador's residence in 
Ljma was from the start a desperate last- 
ditch gamble. 

With 400 members, including its top 
leaders, in jail, the rebels had carried out 
only a handful of actions in 1996. ap- 
parently saving themselves up through 
the year for this one spectacular effort. 
One year earlier, in December 1995, 
Peruvian police had frustrated a similar 
plan by the group — an attempt to seize 
Peru’s Congress. 

"They were down before this gamble 
for the brass ring,” said Alvin Adams, 
who was U.S. ambassador to Peru until 
last August. "Now they are probably 
weaker on the ground.” 

Even the death of all the guerrillas at 
the embassy compound Tuesday is un- 
likely to provide potent political martyrs 
for the debilitated group, said Mr. 

Adams, who is now president of the UN 
Association of the United States. During 
the four-month hostage crisis “there 
was not a significant rallying of the 
Peruvian public to the MRTA,’ ’ he said, 
using the Spanish- language acronym for 
the group. 

Admirers of Che Guevara, the fallen 
1960s revolutionary, the Tupac Amaru 
rebels burst onto Peru’s political scene in 
1984 with a machine-gun attack on the 
U.S. Embassy in Lima. To publicize 
tlieir views, tbey followed with other 
high-profile attacks on other American 
targets in Lima — Kentucky Fried 
Chicken, Citibank and Kodak. 

Although the rebel leaders tended to 
be middle class and white, the group 
borrowed its name from the war name of 
an 18th-century Indian rebel, who was 
tied to four horses and tom apart at the 
orders of Spanish colonial rulers in 

In Peru, the rebels’ nationalism did 
not prevent them from accepting aid and 
training from Cuba in their early years. 
Tbey also cooperated with like-minded 
guerrilla groups in Bolivia, Chile, 
Ecuador and Panama. 

At their peak, almost a decade ago. die 
Tupac Amaru fielded about 3,000 guer- 

JAPAN: Passive Nation Ponders Samurai 

Continued from Page 1 

Tt r unda Llaw/Ibc Annealed Pita 

Nestor Cerpa Cartolini, leader of 
the Tupac Amaru, as he was being 
interviewed at the embassv Dec. 31. 

rill as. In a new twist to the Cuban rev- 
olutionary doctrine of liberated zones, 
rebel units look root in remote rural areas 
where they taxed farmers to “protect” 
trade in coca leaves, the raw material for 

But, here they crossed Peru's larger and 
more ruthless guerrilla group, die Maoist 
Shining Path. In the early 1990s, the fight 
over the lucrative coca trade became so 
inner that it seems likely that more Tupac 
Amaru guerrillas were killed by the Shin- 
ing Path than by Peru's police. 

be increasingly vulnerable to terrorism. 

“There is no question that the mea- 
sures taken by the Japan government 
over this incident gave the impression to 
terrorists and criminals all over the 
world that Japan is a country that is weak 
toward te rro ri sm ,” said Isao Itabashi, a 
senior analyst at the Council for Public 
Policy, which specializes in anti-terror- 

Mr. Itabashi.added that he thought the 
government felt “that the life of current 
hostages is more important that the lives 
of future victims.” 

Many are now asking themselves 
whether Japan would have been capable 
of the same drastic action that President 
Fujimori undertook. 

Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto 
made a revealing comment in talking to 
Mr. Fujimori by phone. After conveying 
his understanding over the use of force, 
Mr. Hashimoto said be told the president 
that if he had been in Mr. Fujimori’s 
position. “I might have done the same 

Mr. Hashimoto is an unusually ag- 
gressive Japanese leader, known For ms 
hawkish approach in trade confronta- 
tions with the United States. But for 
some, it would have been clearly im- 
possible for Japan to have raided the 

“With this Peruvian incident, we 

should realize that Japan is not ready to 
respond properly to terrorism," said 
Shozo Azuma, a member of Parliament 
who belongs to the New Frontier Party, 

were injured in the gunfire and explo- 
sions that rocked the compound. Two, * 
both Peruvian, had serious injuries: For- r 
eign Minister Francisco Tudela and an- 
other Supreme Court justice. 

Newspapers in Peru and Japan had 
special editions Wednesday filled with 
pages of photos of the rescue and lauding 
the end of the standoff. 

“Victory!” the government newspa- 
per El Peruano said m a front-page head- 

Mr. Fujimori tried not to appear over- 
confident despite euphoria at the ending 
of the 126-day hostage siege. 

“In Peru we will not accept terrogf- 
ism,” the president said. “InPeraweare 
going to establish the principles of de- 
mocracy. We have given an example . 
the international community, which ^ 
should not allow terrorist blackmail, 
which must not give in.” _ ! 

The hostages were mostly Peruvians, 
but included 24 Japanese — 12 business 
executives and 12 diplomats, including 
Ambassador Morihisa Aoki. ; 

Mr. Fujimori had offered the hostage- 
takers safe passage id asylum in Cuba 
but repeatedly ruled out releasing 300 of 
their imprisoned comrades. 

Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto ctf 
Japan praised Mr. Fujimori, saying be 
had engineered a “splendid rescue.” but 
added that it was “regrettable” that the 
president had not told him in advance of 
the raid. The White House said Wed- 
nesday that Mr. Fujimori had acted “in 
the brat interests of his government and 
his people, r though the StateDeparttiterit 
said that it. too, had been kept ignorant of 
the rescue atte mp t befarehmKL^’i *: 

Mr. Aoki, the Japanese ambassador, 
was wounded but smiled and waved 
from the amhulanra fhar carried him 
away. Showing a sense of humor, he 
thanked Mr. Fujimori for staging the raid 
on his wedding anniversary. 

The Japanese foreign minister flew to 
Lima to thank Mr. Fujimori personally 
for the rescue and to offer condolences to 
the relatives of those killed. ; 

Police investigators and relatives of# 
some of die freed hostages accompanied 
Foreign Minister Yultiluko Ikeda, amiti- 

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istty official said. 

The standoff had focused global at- 
tention on the little-known Mantist rebel 
group, which took over the ambassa- 
dor's residence Dec. 17 in an attempt to 
free comrades held in Peruvian jails. ; 

The group, whose leader, Nestor 
Cerpa Cartolmi, was killed in the assault 
Tuesday, vowed not to give up its rev- 
olutionary war. i 

Its international spokesman, Isaac 
Velazco, issued a stream of militant 
sta teme nts, denying that Tupac Amaru 
was dead and saying the guerrillas would 
retaliate by attacking military and eco- 
nomic targets in Pera. 

“ There are enough of us to continue 
the revolutionary war of the people for Use 
creation of a just society, and to win,” Us 
said at a rally of about 30 sympathizers h_ 
near the Peruvian Consulate m Hamburg. ' 
Mr. Fujimori said: “We are prepared to 
face whatever eventuality. But the rule 
that decides our conduct is not to retreat 
against terrorism, not one little bit." • 
The assault by commandos from all 
three armed services brought an oof- 
pouring of rejoicing in Pern. 

Citizens took to the streets to wave 
flags, cheer and honk car horns. Membara 
of Congress rose to cheer, “Long live 
Peru!” during a roll call in Parliament, 
which included the names of five le- 
gislators among the freed hostages. 

A rebel claimed that the four youngest 
Tupac Amaru members tried to sur- 
render before being killed. 

“They were in a room cm their own^’* 
said the rebel, who identified himself -to 
a wire service by using a code name. 
“They gave op out of fear.” .--.a 

The mother of Mir. Cerpa said Wed-® 
nesday that she was proud of her son zpd 
hoped to go to Peru to bury him- i 
‘Everything that has happened seems 
unreal to me,” Felicita Cartolini tojd 
Peruvian televirion from her home-in 
Nances, France. “But I am proud of my 
sou, as he has died giving his blood, his 
life for his comrades. He wanted to res- 
cue all his jailed comrades.” . 

Pope John Paul n.expressed 
“profound grief” at the death* in the 
raid. The archbishop of Peru, Juan I iris 
Cipriani, had played akey role in a four- 
month mediation attempt that had foiled 

the major opposition party. 

The New Frontier Party is advocating 
a review of measures feat should be 
adopted to combat terrorism, but even 
Mr. Azuma acknowledged that adopting 
force as an option was a long way off. 
The Foreign Ministry formed an invest- 
igative committee Wednesday to eval- 
uate die incident, though a spokesman, 
Ken Shimanouchi, said feat the focus 
would be on improving security arrange- 

The stark contrast between the suc- 
cessful raid and fee Japanese approach 
highlights a concept that will be hard for 
many to accept — that violence some- 
times works, and that promoting peace 
may actually be doing Japan a disser- 

One sticky issue is feat by entering the 
Japanese Embassy without notifying Ja- 
pan in advance, Peruvian authorities 
may have violated international prac- 

Mr. Hashimoto expressed his regrets 
Wednesday at not being informed in 
advance, but refused to criticize Mr. 
Fujimori. The Foreign Ministry will not 
comment on fee possible violation. 

In any case, some Japanese expressed 
doubts that Japan could even have con- 
curred with such measures had prior 
approval been sought. 

“It is embarrassing to the prime min- 
ister and fee Japan government,” said a 
government official who asked not to be 
named. “But fee failure to inform us in 
advance means feat maybe they were 
afraid the Japanese side would not have 

RAID: As the Lima Residence Is Taken Suddenly by Storm, a Test of Will Is Ended 

Continued from Page 1 

La Republics said soldiers also altered 
e residence through a tunnel feat led to 

three points within the compound — the 
kitchen, the main living room and under a 
tent set up in the back garden for fee 
cocktail party in December. 

Commando teams carrying Light ma- 
chine guns zigzagged about fee com- 
pound. Shooting increased as they 

looking hostages wearing sweat suits 
and shorts, their faces bloodied, crawled 
across a roof on their hands and knees as 
fee bullets flew around their heads. 

Inside the building, the staccato of 
machine guns rattled on. Shooting grew 
to a crescendo, then quickly died away. 

When the gunfire ended, a soldier 
hauled down fee rebels’ red-and-white 
flag and draped it over his peers, who 

bombs and grenades were lobbed in 
through windows, and clinical shots 
were fired through the smoke using 
laser-guided rifles. 

Soldiers blew open the front door and 
burst inside fee colonnaded mansion, 
which is said to have been designed after, 
the antebellum home in ‘ ‘Gone Wife the 

As smoke billowed into the sky, the 
first hostages began to emerge from an 
upper window of the residence. Guided 
by troops wearing ski masks, the dazed- 

tftrew it on fee floor and stomped tin it. 
One of the hostages, Jorge Gumucio, 

One of the hostages, Jorge Gumucio, 
the Bolivian ambassador, said fee cap- 
tives “had a 10-minute warning.” 

“They gave us instructions to throw 
ourselves to the ground and not move for 
anything.” he said. 

It was not dear how fee warning came, 
and Mr. Gumudo declined to say. A Lima 
newspaper, El Sol, reported that a retired 
navy admiral, Luis Giampietri Rojas, had 
been notified about the raid via a radio 
transmitter that he had kept hidden. 

But Care las magazine reported that 
Peruvian military officers who were 

among the hostages learned details of fee 
assault through family letters written in 
code. The signal for fee start of the 
operation was to be a marine anthem 
played by a band at a nearby headquar- 
ters. Residents of the area heard the 
hymn shortly after 3 P.M. 

An American firearms instructor said 
Wednesday feat elite Peruvian police- 
men had been secretly trained in the 
United Scares to rescue hostages and k ill 

Two teams of Peru's civilian police 
went through the five-week training 
course in December and January, said 
Robert Taubert, a retired FBI agent who 
now works as a firearms instructor. He 
would not say how many Peruvians par- 
ticipated or where in the United States 
die training took place. 

The training is offered under a pro- 
am administered by the U.S. State 

gram administered by the U.S. State 
Department, where a counterterrorism 
official confirmed that Peruvians had 
recently taken pan. 

The U.S. defense secretary, William 
Cohen, said Tuesday that fee Peruvian 
government had given fee United States 
no official notice that it was mounting a 
military rescue mission. 

But be added: * ‘I think that there were 
perhaps some indications. How soon 
they came before fee actual operation is 
unknown to me.” 

The attack was planned after months 
of spying wife microphones and infra- 
red censors that gave security forces a 
precise image of the inside of fee res- 

The Peruvian troops also had precise 
information of the position of Che rebels' 
mines and booby traps. 

In recent weeks, the commando force 
had rehearsed the rescue over and over 
again. They took over an island near 
Luna and built a mock-up of fee man- 

* ‘The intelligence services acted with 
great efficiency." President Fujimori 
said. fAP. Reuters, AFP, NYT) 

given approval for military action. I’m 
afraid the international community has 
the idea that Japan is so weak, so soft 
toward terrorists.” 

Another obstacle, some say, could 
also have been fee decision-making pro- 
cess in Japan. 

“Mr. Fujimori knows die decision- 
making system in Japan very well,’ * said 
Mr. Itabashi, at fee Council for Public 
Policy. “If he had notified fee Japan 
government beforehand, the prime min- 
ister would say, ‘Wait a moment, we 
have to discuss this.’ He would have 
held a cabi net meeting. Thai tbey would 
have held a meeting wife political al- 

“In fee meantime, news of fee op- 
eration would have been leaked to the 
media,” he continued. “I dare say rtria 
was a careful consideration on fee part of 
Mr. Fujimori.” 

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raid. The archbisl 
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month mediation 
to end the crisis t 

Mr. Cqxiani fooke down in, tears dur- 
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Ambassador Anthony Vincent of 
Canada, fee top Peruvian Red Cross 
official, Michel Minnig, and a Japanese 
spedal envoy, Terusuke Terada. 

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Tiger Woods and the Melting Pot: New Categories Break the Mold 

By Michael A. Fletcher 

- Washington Post Service 

WASMNSTON — Tiger Woods has been 
-called the^nrst African Aroericdb to win the 


’a procession of stories on black golfers. Even his 
-famer once pumped him upby saying, 41 ‘Wenced 
a black in a green jacket,” a reference to the 
’symbolic vestment awarded to the winner of the 
Masters tournament. 

Bat now, in an television interview to be aired 
Thursday, Mr. Woods says it is a wiistwir.* to 
-^-characterize him simply as “black,” a remark 
"That brings into shaip focus the wrenching debate 
■over how the increasing number of mixed-race 
■Americans ere seen and categorized. 

“GTowing up.IcameBpwrththisnaine: I’m a 
.•Cablinasian,’ ” Mr. Woods said during atanmg 
of “The Oprah Winfrey Show.” He said the 
name best captures his racial makeup: a blend of 
•Caucasian, black. Indian and Asian. 

Mr. Woods’s comments are likely to focus 
new a tte n tio n to an argument raging among 
academics, civil-rights leaders, and particularly 
those who themselves come from mixed an- 
cestries: Are the racial categories Americans use 
to define themselves becoming outdated by a 
dramatically changing demographic portrait? 
The debate goes to the very meaning of race in a 
■country where the lines separating racial cat- 
egories are growing blurry. 

Congress will pick up the issue Wednesday 
with a hearing exploring how die federal gov- 

ernment measures race and ethnicity. 

The matter is integral to die next census, to 
which some advocates want to add a “mixed- 
race” category to accommodate those who no 
longer fit neatly into tbe familiar racial de- 

red by rapid rates of immigration and shaip 

Are racial categories Americans 
use to define themselves 
becoming outdated? The debate 
goes to the very meaning of 
race in a country where the 
lines separating racial 
categories are growing blurry. 

increases in intezrsdal marriages, the number of 
mixed-race Americans, white still relatively 
small, isgrowing at unprecedented rates. Be- 
tween 1970 and 1994 the number of interracial 
married couples leaped more than fourfold, from 
676,000 to more than 3 million, according to the 
Census Bureau. 

Between 1960 and 1990, the rale of blade- 
white marriages more than tripled, from 1.7 
percent to 6 percent of all marriages involving 
Afr ican Americans. Although DO firm data are 

available, demographers believe the rate is even 
higher for other groups, since African Amer- 

icans are far less likely to many outside their race 
than are Hispamcs, Asians or Native Amer- 

“Tiger Woods is not alone in wanting tbe 
racial background of both his parents and all his 
relatives reflected in how people describe him,” 
said Douglas Besharov, a scholar at the Amer- 
ican Enterprise Institute who has written about 
the explosion of interracial marriage. 

Donald Yee, a federal employee in Seattle, is 

and he can relate folly to Mr. Woods’s point of 

“When you are of mixed ancestry, people 
often try to have you deny or to speak out against 
other parts of your ancestry,” Mr. Yee said. “To 
affirm one part of your ancestry is frequently 
taken as a denial of another. But you want to be 
proud of all your roots.” 

When Mr. Yee fills out racial questionnaires, 
he frequently checks "midtiraciaL” If that is not 
an option, he goes with either black or Asian. 
“Neither bothers me,” he said. “It is just that it 
doesn’t capture all of me.” 

The long history of racial classifications in 
America started in 1790 with the categories 
“free white male,” “free white female” and 
“slave.” But those census classifications have 
changed with the times. In 1820, terminology 
included "free white” and “free colored” 

In 1850, came * ’mulatto’ ’ followed in 1 870 by 
“quadroon” and “octoroon,” to provide ex- 
acting measures of someone’s black heritage. 
Since 1977 the federal government has used the 

same categories on census forms: black, white. 
American Indian or Alaskan Native. Asian or 
Pacific Islander. Respondents may also select 
“other.' ' Separately, respondents are also asked 
if they are of Hispanic origin. Ail answers are 
based an self-identification. 

America's history of government-sanctioned 

“Growing up, I came up with 
tli is name: Pm a 
‘Gahlmasian,’ ” Tiger Woods 
said. He said the name best 
captures his racial makeup: a 
blend of Caucasian, black, 

Indian and Asian. 

racial segregation has fed a national tradition of 
strong racial identification. Until 1967, states 
were constitutionally permitted to ban mixed- 
race marriages. More than half the states had 
anti-miscegenation statutes in 1945; 19 still had 
them in 1966. 

For generations, American society defined 
someone as black if they had even ‘ ’one drop” of 
black blood. That point was illustrated most 
famously by Homer Plessy, the man who was 
arrested in 1896 after he refused to leave a train 
car reserved for whites. 

He took that case to the Supreme Court, which 

ruled thai segregation was indeed constitution- 

Yet what made his case more remarkable is 
that Mr. Plessy was only one-eighth black and 
appeared white. Some say that tbe nation's pain- 
ful racial history will make it difficult for those of 
mixed race not to be categorized by others, 
regardless of how they see themselves. 

“Because of the historical tradition in this 
country of perceiving mixed-race people with 
any kind of African origins as African Amer- 
icans. most white people and most black people 
will see Tiger Woods as pan of the collective of 
African Americans,” said Ron Walters, a Uni- 
versity of Maryland political scientist 

As if to underscore that point the golfer Fuzzy 
Zoeller apologized Monday for calling Mr. 
Woods a “little boy” and cracking (hat Mr. 
Woods should not request fried chicken or col- 
lard greens for the Champions dinner next year at 
the Augusta National, the golf course that is host 
of the Masters. Mr. Zoeller made tbe comments 
in an interview broadcast Sunday on CNN. 

Julian Bond, a longtime civil-rights leader and 
a board member of the National Association for 
tbe Advancement of Colored People, said be 
respected Mr. Woods's view, and predicted that 
it was one Americans were going to hear much 
more about in the coming years. 

“As proud as I am of Tiger Woods, 2 realize I 
have to share him,” Mr. Bond said. “He is part 
of a new reality. If people don't feel comfortable 
with that, they are going to have to get com- 
fortable with it.” 

• -y 

Line-Item Veto Gets Quick Review 

High Court to Rule by July Whether Law Violates Constitution 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Supreme 
■Court agreed Wednesday to decide by 
July whether Congress acted unlawfully 
-last year when it gave tbe president un- 

precedented authority to single out and 
veto specific items in spending laws. 

The justices said they would review, 
using a rare fast track, a federal judge’s 
ruling that struck down as unconsti- 






]; To Reform the Media 

ATLANTA — Speaker Newt Gin- 
grich, who has faced heavy criticism 
1 m the press over his ethics record and 
his method of paying a $300,000 fine, 
. has leveled a brief ben blistering at- 
tack on the news media and suggested 
, that advertisers should use their fi- 
nancial clout to demand chang e. 

Speaking at a luncheon sponsored 
by die Georgia Chamber of Com- 
merce, Mr. Gingrich complained that 
it had been difficult for the Repub- 
lican majority in Congfoss to convey 
its themes of individnal Hbexty and 
limited gove rnm ent. . 

“It's very hard to c ommunic ate 
that partly because the media, which 
all of you control with your advert- 
ising, doesn’t haveaclne what we’re 
doing and they don’t slow down and 
pay attention to it mid they have ed- 
itorial boards that are as baroque and 
out of (ouch as some tenured fac- 
ulties,” said Mr. Gingrich, a former 
college professor. 

“I would say to all of yon, die 
. responsibility for a news media that 
can’t report accurately how the world 
works rests on those who pay for it, 
and that's the advertisers,” Mr. Gin- 
grich continued. “And Fm not talk- 
ing about bias. Fm talking about re- 
thinking die whole style of the 
newsroom and rethinking what we 

“If Thomas Edison invented the 
electric light today, it would be re- 
ported on the evening news that the 
candle-malting industry was 
threatened. Ralph Nader would an- 
• nounce a lawsuit mi behalf of poor 
people who might get electrocuted. 
Andthe candle workers union would 
have at least two senators introduce a 
bill to block electricity on behalf of 
their industry:” 

The speaker announced last week 
that he would borrow $300,000 from 
Bob Dole, tbe former Senate majority 
leader and 1996 Republican presi- 
dential nominee, to pay a penalty im- 
posed by the House ethics committee 
in January. Under the terms of bis 
agreement with Mr. Dole. Mr. Gin- 
grich would not have to make a pay- 

ment on tbe Loan until 2005, two years 
after he plans to leave Congress. 

Mr. Gingrich joked about (he ques- 
tions raised by the loan after he was 
introduced to the luncheon by Jim 
Lientz, president of Nationshank of 
Georgia. “All I can say in light of last 
week’s activities,” be said, “is that 
it’s great to be introduced by a na- 
tionally renowned banker.” (NYT) 

Christian Coalition 
Losing Its Director 

announced Wednesday that be was 
resigning as executive director of the 
Christian C0alitknx,an eight-year-old 
religious conservative organization - 
he helped build into a major force in 
Republican politics. 

Mr. Reed said be was leaving in 
September to form a political con- 
sulting firm, to be maned Century 

Fat Robertson, a religious broad- 
caster, founded the Christian Coali- 
tion after his unsuccessful campaign 
in 1988 for tire Republican presiden- 
tial nomination. Mr. Reed has been 
the executive director and day-to-day 
manager of tire coalition from tire 
outset, building a reputation as one of 
tire conservative movement's 
shrewdest strategists. 

While its tax-exempt status pro- 
hibits it from directly endorsing can- 
didates, tire Christian Coalition has 
become a major influence in Repub- 
lican affairs, using a computer data- 
base of more than a mflhou conser- 
vatives to influence voter turnout in 
targeted races. 

The organization also has been a 
force in pressuring Republicans to 
maintain opposition to abortion and to 
promote legislation allowing prayer 
in public schools. (AP) 


Mayor Pal Owens of Grand Forks 
as President Bill Clinton and other 
administration officials surveyed 
flood damage in North Dakota: “We 
knew that there were people in Wash- 
ington looking after us, and indeed, 
you are our angels.” (NYT) 

tutiaoal tire federal line-item veto law. 

Arguments in tire case will be held 
May 27, more than a month after the 
court concludes its regularly scheduled 
argument calendar. 

The disputed law — the only major 
provision of the 1994 Republican 
“Contract With America” endorsed by 
President Bill Clinton — authorized tire 
president to cut specific items without 
rejecting an entire spending bill. 

The law took effect in January but had 
not yet been used by Mr. Clinton when a 
district court invalidated it April 10. 
Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled 
that the veto shifted too much power 
from Congress to the executive branch. 

Nearly every U.S. president over tire 
past ceanny has sought line-hem veto 
power, rallmg ita valuable tool for ctm- 
trolling federal spending. On the stale 
level, 44 governors have such authority. 

■ Secret Talks Seek Budget Deal 

Eric Pianin of The Washington Post 

Hoping to reach agreement by Fri- 
day, die White House and congressional 
Republican? secretly intensified budget 
talks-toig week. . . - 

Administration officials and House 
md Senate budget leaders held an im- 
promptu, unannounced negotiating ses- 
sion Monday on Capitol Hul, whale most 
members of Congress and reporters were 
away during a congressional break. 

The White House budget director, 
Franklin Raines, and the chief congres- 
sional lobbyist, John HGlley, also spoke 
by phone with the chairman of tfaeSen- 
ate Budget Committee, Pete Domeniti 
of New Mexico, and his counterpart in 
the House, John Kasich of Ohio, ac- 
cording to a congressional source. 

But the path to a budget deal remains 
complicated, and there was no assur- 
ance that an agreement could be struck 
soon. Negotiators say they hope to agree 
cm a plan to balance the budget by 2002, 
slow the growth of Medicare arid other 
entitlements and provide a substantial 
tax cut. 

The Senate majority leader, Trent 
Lott, warned once more that time was 
running out for the negotiations — now 
in tbeir third week — and that unless be 
had assurances this week that an agree- 
ment was dose, he and other Repub- 
licans leaders would break off talks. 

“Too many deadlines have already 
slipped by,” the Mississippian said 
Tuesday. “This one is real, and they at 
the White House know it.” 

A Senate Republican aide said, “We 
will have some indication Wednesday or 
Thursday whether we’re continuing to 
make tbe same kind of progress we made 
before.” Congressional Republicans 
and an administration spokesman denied 
a rumor, which swept me finandal mar- 
kets, that a deal was at hand. 

flood Spills Over 
Into Canada 


Dakota — Volunteers 
'struggled Wednesday to 
"maintain power and tele- 
phone services in this dis- 
v aster-stricken region as the 

■’ Red River flooded more areas 

■on both sides of the U.S.-Ca- 
nadian border. 

-■• As toe river extended its 
•path of destruction northward 
-into fanatiii. about 17,000 
tesideots between the US. 

■ Under and the provincial _cap^ 
■ital of Winnipeg were ordered 

out of their homes, toe Man- 
itoba Emergency Manage- 
ment Organization said. 



A Memorial service for 



" on Saturday, April 26to 
■ . at the American Church of Paris 
-65. Qua tTOrsay, 75007 Paris 

Air-Rail Strikes in France 

PARIS (Reuters) — Further disruption in 
French air and rail traffic was expected this 
weekend as unions planned strikes over pay 
and work status. 

Traffic controllers for toe French national 
railroad, SNCF, said they would strike from 8 
PM. Wednesday until 8 AM. Friday because 
of what they called inadequate management 
proposals about the future of their jobs. Man- 
agement said one train in three would run 
imtinnaTl y except on the Emostar li nes a nd the 
Paris -Rouen-Le Havre and Paris-Cheibourg 
nms, which would not be affected. 

Pilots at Air France Europe, the European 
unit of the national carrier Air France, said 
they would strike Friday and Saturday over 
toe merging of staff seniority lists at the two 
airlines, operating as one company since 
April 1. A strike at TAT and Air Iiberte, 
French-based subsidiaries of British Air- 
ways, continued despite the return to work of 
some Air Uberte pilots. 

Zimbabwe Flight Banned 

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AFP) — Britain has 
Kar>ned Air Zimb abwe flights on Wednesdays 
to London’s Gatwick Airport in a dispute over 
schedules, official sources said Wednesday. . 

A spokesman for the British High Com- 
mission in Zmtafcws said Britam “regrets 
that it was necessary to take reciprocal ac- 

tion” after Zimbabwe reneged on an 
meat to allow a British Airways fli 
London from Harare on Wednesdays. 


A 24-hour strike by Italian railroad 
workers that ended late Wednesday received 
only limited s u ppo r t, the state railroad service 
reported. The action by train engineers and 
statiomnasters only slightly disrupted ser- 
vices, a spokesman for toe country's railroad 
network said. (AFP) 

French fishermen continued to blockade 
three Channel ports for a second day Wed- 
nesday in a protest ova- European Union 
trawling rales. The action severely disrupted 
si ferry services, part officials 

China and Vietnam have opened their 
first direct passenger rail service in an effort 
to improve border trade, the official China 
Daily reported Tuesday. Trains left from 
Hanoi and Kunming ami for inaugural 530 
kflameter (330-mile) trips, toe newspaper 
said. Four weekly trips are planned. (AP) 


In Wednesday’s International Herald 
Tribune, tbe name of Hemi ShaJev, a colum- 
nist for toe daily Ma’ariv, appeared erro- 
neously as Ham Shell 


«■/■.* : ,m " 

Itt AndrnUnlir AranoaM 1W 

UJS. marshals patrolling outside the courthouse in Denver where a jury was seated In tbe McVeigh case. 

Away From Politics 

• A jury of seven men and five women has been chosen in 
the capital murder trial of Timothy McVeigh, accused in tbe 
blast at toe Federal .Budding in Oklahoma City that killed 
1 68 people. The jurors' identities are secret. (LAT) 

• Los Angeles’s police chief, Willie Williams, has ac- 

cepted a $375,000 severance package and agreed not to sue 
the city for refosing to rehire him for a second term. The city 
had accused him of ineffective leadership. (AP) 

• Hsing-Hsing, the 26-year-old giant panda at Wash- 

ington's National Zoo, has undergone cancer surgery in 
which veterinarians removed a testicle. Tbe panda, a 1972 
gift from China, “tolerated anesthesia and the surgery 
without complications,” tbe zoo said. Tbe other testicle 
was also removed as a precaution. (AP) 

• Ajd aerial photograph of the suspected crash site of a 

missing warplane was released by toe U.S. Air Force, but 
bad weather in Colorado continued to keep a helicopter 
crew from taking a firsthand look. The photo showed metal 
wreckage sticking out of toe snow. (AP) 



The Lunch Break Comes to a Crunch 

Once there was the lunch hour. Now there is toe lunch 
squeeze: The midday interlude that has been scaled down 
and even eliminated. 

Take Susan Jolbe, a business manager for National 
Public Radio in Washington. Her lunch break lasts about 
seven minutes — just long enough to microwave a frozen 
dish in toe office kitchen and bring it to her desk. She eats 
while she works, she said, because “it gives me that extra 
hour in my day.” 

Sbe is part of a trend that has changed restaurant menus, 
inspired new convenience foods and helped create a boom 
in takeout eating and corporate catering. The New York 
Times reports. A survey last year by toe National Res- 
taurant Association found that nearly 40 percent of workers 
did not take a real lunch break. There has been a social 
impact to tins. “People are now communicating by e- 

raail,” said Mildred Culp, a Seattle workplace consultant 

Business lunches have defied toe trend. Lunch traffic at 
restaurants grew 6 percent from 1993 to 1995. But these are 
no longer two-hour, martini -soaked affairs; toe average is 
closer to 45 minutes. 

Short Takes 

The world’s largest museum devoted solely to black 
history and culture opened this month in Detroit Tbe 
Museum of African American History, founded in 1965 but 
now greatly expanded, features an 80-foot (25-meter) rep- 
lica of a slave ship, including sculptures of 50 African 
youths in bondage — castings made from Detroit teenagers. 
The $39 million facility hopes for 500,000 visitors a year. 

Dozens of companies across the country have replaced, 
or supplemented, traditional office chairs with, of all things, 
beach balls. These are specially reinforced 27-inch (70- 
centimeter) balls, which, some fitness experts say, help 
employees strengthen and loosen their back and stomach 
muscles, improve balance and posture. Employees appear 
to love toe balls, but say they have to resist the temptation to 
bounce above the edges of their office cubicles. 

iniermuional Herald Tribune 



Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by AccuWealher. 


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North America 

Unseasonably cod wonHv- 
sr will move from the 
Southwest Into the central 
and southern Plains. 
Heavy rains are possible 
(ram central and southern 
Texas to Alabama. In the 
wake of Thuradey’g storm, 
the Northeast will be dry 
and turning milder town Fri- 
day toraufyi Sunday. 


Mainly dry and turning 
milder across England, 
France and Germany Fri- 
day through Sunday, but 
eastern Europe wU remain 
duly tor this time ot year. 
Quite cool Irom Greece 
and western Turkey Into 
northern Africa; soaking 
reins will continue over 
northern parts of Algeria 
and Tunisia. 


Warm with sunshine In Bel- 
ling Friday and Saturday, 
but a may shower Swooy. 
Parity sunny, cod end dry 
si Tokyo, but turning mtder 
by Sunday with toe chance 
tor showers. Soaking rams 
wi continue across vnerior 
southeastern China, but 
dry and unusually warm to 


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North Korea Brands 
Defector a ‘Lunatic 9 

Arrival in Seoul Provokes a Tirade 


SEOUL — North Korea broke its 
silence Wednesday on the arrival of 
the high-ranking defector Hwang 
Jang Yop in South Korea, calling for 
the expulsion of a "lunatic" whose 
criticisms of Pyongyang it said 
amounted to a declaration of war. 

“Our people curse and despise 
both the crazy Kim Young Sam re- 
gime and Hwang Jang Yop, a class 
A criminal and common enemy of 
die North and South Korean 
people. ’ ' the official Korean Central 

News Agency said in a statement 
ributed to a 

attributed to a pro-North group in 
South Korea. 

Mr. Hwang, who reached Seoul 
on Sunday after seeking asylum in 
South Korea's embassy in China 
two months earlier, had slandered 
the North in remarks scripted by 
South Korean security officials, the 
agency said. 

“The 'statement' is nothing but 
a it outcry of a crazy man sick with 
paranoia, eccentricity and mental 
derangement, and a jargon of a trait- 
or who has been trained abroad for 

more than two months into a parrot 
of the Agency for National Security 
Planning," said the report, which 
was monitored in Tokyo. 

On arrival in the Smith, the 74- 
year-old former top Communist 
ideologue called North Korea “an 
abnormal system, a mix of socialism, 
modem feudalism and militarism." 

On Wednesday. Mr. Hwang, ac- 
companied by his aide, Kim Duk 
Hong, visited the South Korean na- 
tional cemetery and apologized for 
the “crimes" he committed as a 
senior Communist official. South 
Korea’s Agency for National Se- 
curity Planning said in a statement. 

“1 swear to cleanse myself of the 
crimes I committed against our 
people and pledge my loyalty, ' ' Mr. 
Hwang wrote in the visitors book, 
the statement said. 

On Tuesday, Seoul diplomats left 
New York after a frustrating series 
of talks with North Koreans that 
foiled to wrest an agreement from 
Pyongyang to join proposed peace 
talks between the two Koreas, the 
United States and China. 

P. IfaW iw Hjw.1 IVui 

Hwang Jang Yop, right foreground, and his aide, Kim Duk Hong, left, visiting South Korea’s 
national cemetery Wednesday. Both men arrived Sunday in Seoul after seeking asylum on Feb. 12. 

U-S. to Continue Food Aid 

In Washington, the United States 
pledged Tuesday to continue 
providing food aid to North Korea 

and to continue a bilateral dialogue 
with its regime despite an impasse in 
its Korean Peninsula peace initiat- 

* ’The North Koreans simply need 

to understand that we will come 
forward with our food aid no matter 
what happens in the four-party 
talks." said the State Department 
spokesman, Nicholas Bums. 

Malaysia Sees No Delay 
On Burma’s ASEAN Bid 

CoapOed fr, Om- 5e& Fnm Dupacha 

Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad 
of Malaysia said Wednesday that 
U.S. sanctions would not delay 
the entry of Burma into the As- 
sociation of South East Asian Na- 

Asked by reporters if Wash- 
ington's economic sanctions 
would hold back Burma's admis- 

sion into the regional grouping, 
Uf Mi* "No, no, no." 

Mr. Mahathir said; 

Malaysia is currently the chair- 
man of the regional organization, 
which also includes Brunei, In- 
donesia, the Philippines, Singa- 
pore, Thailand and Vietnam. 

“We’re going to work very 
hard to get Myanmar into 
. ASEAN," Mr. Mahathir said. 
The Burmese regime calls the 
country Myanmar. 

The United States said Tuesday 
it would ban new investment in 
Burma by American companies 
because of what Washington -de- 
scribed as deepening political re- 
. pression by the ruling State Law 
’ and Order Restoration Council. 

• The Association of South East 
« Asian Countries will decide by 

* July whether to admit Burma, 

• along with Cambodia and Laos. 

* Mr. Mahathir was asked 

whether Malaysia would protest 
the sanctions in its capacity as 
chairman. “We'll talk with other 
ASEAN ministers,' ' he said. 

Asked whether the organiza- 
tion's ties with Washington 
would be affected, he replied. "I 
don't know. I can't predict what 
ASEAN wQl say.*' 

In Singapore, meanwhile, Un- 
ocal Corp., the biggest foreign in- 
vestor in Burma, said Wednesday 
that it had given up developing 
two new natural gas fields because 
of die economic sanctions im- 
posed by President Bill Clinton. 

“We were going to look at one 
or two additional blocks in the 
offshore area in the Andaman Sea, 
but it's clear we would not be able 
todo it,' ' said John Vandermeer, a 
Unocal vice president for new 
ventures in South and Southeast 

The company will go ahead 
with plans to look for gas south- 
west of the Yadana field in the 
Andaman Sea because it is com- 
mitted by a deal signed with the 
Burmese government in January, 
he said. A $750 million project to 
build a gas pipeline and power 
plant to supply Rangoon, the 
Burmese capital, also will go for- 
ward as planned (Reuters. AP) 

BUBBLY BUSKER — A performer painted 
and dressed in white vying for money Wed- 
nesday mi Sydney’s Circular Quay board- 
walk, a spot frequented by tourists. 

Clinton to Dalai Lama: 
Talks WiU Skirt Politics 

The Associated Press 

Clinton administration has 
granted a visit to foe White 
House by the Dalai Lama fora 
discussion of religious and 
human rights issues but not 
Tibetan politics, officials say. 

The Dalai Lama, who has 
been accused by China of us- 
ing religion as a cover for 
seeking Tibetan indepen- 
dence, also plans to meet with 
U.S. lawmakers, including 
foe Congressional Human 
Rights Caucus, during his 
four-day stay. 

“We see foe Dalai Lama as 
obviously a person of high 
moral authority, someone 
who deserves foe respect of 
many people around foe 
world, and as a religious fig- 
ure," said the State Depart- 
ment spokesman, Nicholas 
Bums. “1 don’t believe that 
foe discussion -will- involve 
political issues." 

President Bill Clinton 
planned to drop by when foe 
spiritual leader of the Tibetan 
Buddhists met Vice President 
A1 Gore on Wednesday, a day 
before be was scheduled to 
visit Secretary of State 

Madeleine Albright. Mr. 
Clinton also dropped by to see 
the Dalai Lama with Mb*. Gore 
in 1993, 1994 and 1995. 
Former President George 
Bush also met at the White 
House with foe exiled reli- 
gious leader. 

Besides talking about re- 
ligious freedom, foe Dalai 
Lama said his goal ultimately 
was to lobby 1LS. officials to 
help lure China to foe nego- 
tiating table to win Tibet's 
autonomy, but not full inde- 

“My message is. 'Please 
help us to bring China into the 
negotiating table.* That is my 
mam effort," he said Tuesday 
in a television interview. 
“I'm seeking genuine self- 

In Beijing, a spokesman for 
foe Chinese Foreign Ministry 
objected mildly -Tuesday to 
foe scheduled -meefoig^ bo- 
tween Mr. Clinton and foe 
Dalai T -ama 

la die past. China has 
threatened economic sanc- 
tions against countries that 
accepted visits by foe Dalai 
Lama, including Australia 
last year. 

Japan Cultist Accuses Russian 

TOKYO A former Russian security chief a 

Asaharu, who is accused of i® SSELffi 

Sm the Tokyo subway in 1995. The gas killed 12 

Council secretary about $79,000 for foe blueprints the 

e3 AcuU member brought the plans 
before foe attack on foe subway, and about a 

- -i ^ lonfln that killed seven people. 

dc on foe subway, ana nuuui 

a similar attack in central Ja ^ that killed sevenp*^^ 
stimony by the cult’s former doctor, Ikuo 

according to testimony 

Moscow, an official dismissed foe report as non- 
sense. ' ' 

Jakarta Police Bang Heads 

JAKARTA — Five thousand Indones ian p olice 
cl ashed Wednesday in a mock riot to demonstrate their 
readiness to halt possible violence during foe general 
election ca m paign, which officially begins Sunday. 

A number of police trainees, playing the part ofnotera, 
received treatment for slight Tread wounds and other 
minor injuries after they were charged with bacons and 

sprayed with water cannon. . 

Black smoke rose from burning car wrecks and tires on 
a closed street to simulate riot conditions. A bomb was 
defused, and hostages were freed with force during the 

exercise. - . 

“Just you put foe message out The Jakarta met- 
ropolitan police are ready," said Lieutenant Colonel 
Edward Aritonang, foe regional police spokesman. ^ 
“We hope a situation like this will not happen, he 
added, “but if it does then we are ready.” (Reuters) 

Manila and Rebels Restart Talks 

MANILA — Philippjbe government negotiators and 
hard-tine Muslim guerrillas resinned peace talks Wed- 
nesday as their forces battled in nearby hills. 

'At least 30 Mojo Islamic Liberation Front rebels and 
two soldiers have died in fighting in the past week in the 
Zamboanga del Norte Province on southern Mindanao 
Island, and an army commander said his troops were 
pressing foeir attack on the rebels' mountain lair. 

“The offensive will go on until we clear foe area,” 
Colonel Glicedo Sun said, referring to a rebel camp in foe 
mountain town of Sirawai, which government forces have 
been shelling since Saturday. 

As the army advanced, talks between government 
negotiators and a rebel panel resumed about 200 ki- 
lometers (12S miles) to foe east in foe city of Cotabato. 

The chief negotiator for the Maro Islamic Liberation 
Front, GbazaJi Jaafar, said foe continuing military op- 
erations cast doubt on foe government's sincerity in foe 
peace talks. 

“To maky. things worse," be added, “these soldiers 
engage our forces in gun battles and later go to the media 
to accuse us of provocation." (Reuters) 

For the Record 


— Asuspected-Tam fl gebeHglled himself bys wallowing 
cyanide after an abortive attempt to shoot a police officer 
in northern Sri. i-anira military officials said. (Reuters) 

A junior officer from Indonesia's special forces was 
sentenced to death for killing 16 people in a shooting 
spree last year in foe remote Irian Jaya Province, a 
military spokesman said. (Reuters) 



Corporate Governance, Financial 
Markets and Global Convergence 
Budapest, May (14) 15-17, 1997 
20* Colloquium of the Socidfe Universitaire 
Europ&enne de Recherches Financiers SUERF, 
7* Conference of the Robert Triffin-Szirak 
Foundation RTSF. 

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U rari. Publication must Ire paused. 


You will find bdow a selection of employment offers published in last Monday’s International Herald Tribune 

For a copy of last Monday’s paper, please contact Kimberly Cuerrand-Betrancourt on Paris (0) 1 41 43 94 76 

Sales Director Europe 

Computer Systems Manager 

United Nations Office 
iu Geneva 

Chief of Recruitment 

United Nations Office in Geneva 

Palais des Nations 

1211 Geneva 10 - Switzerland 

Medieal Editor 

Leading Research-based 
Pharmaceutical company 


ORS - Ref: IHT 

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a Worldwide groupe Level 

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5400 LBJ Freeway, suite 1445 

Dallas, TX 75240 -USA 

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*: Literary Paris Recoils From Boutique Invasion 

By Craig R_ Whitney 

New York Times Service 



• A PAMS — Would Jean-Paol Same, 
Albert Camus. Ernest Hemingway 

• Colette and all the other IifcaarylighK 
who used to hang out in the Left 

• sidewalk, caffes and bookstores of SL- 
Gennain-des-Pres have stood idly by 

; while Louis Vuittoo. Giorgio Armam 
and Carder took over their neighbor- 
. hood? 

. ; Not a chance, according to some of 
*'■ their latter-day successors, who warned 
: Tuesday that die process had gone so for 
that the most famous literary quarter in 
the Western world was in danger of 
permanently losing its character. 

“A place for everything, and 
everything in its place,*’ die actress and 
singer JuHctte Greco said. For her and 
other members of an organisation called 
SOS St. -Germain -des-Pres, boutiques 
have clearly outworn their welcome 

"Yes, the neighborhood should 
change, but it should not be 1 1 ill IK - 
formed,” Miss Greco said, yainng in 
■ the inner sanctum of one of its holiest 
places, the upstairs rooms in the Caffe de 
Flore where Sartre, Simooe de Beauvoir 

and their friends used to : 

Sophies, when they were not in Lesl 
Magots next door. 

They were only the first of a long 
tradition that began around the edges of 
die Benedictine abbey, close to die Sor- 
bonne, that gave die neighborhood its 
name. Not far away, in the Procope caffe, 
Voltaire and Rousseau and otter phi- 
losophers gathered in the 18th century, 
and the poets Paul Verlaine and Arthur 
Rimbaud were regulars in the 19th. 

These literary caffes, and die Brasserie 
Lipp across the Boulevard SL-Gennam, 
have survived die vagaries of time. But 
semes of other hallowed watering holes, 
nightclubs and bookstores have been 
swept aside by the same commercial 
forces that have turned so much of what 
used to be quaint, charming France into 
something more like the upscale urban 
shopping malls now found everywhere. 

The Royal SL-Gennain was the first 
famous caffe to go, in 1965 — so long ago 
that nowadays people remember its suc- 
cessor on the site, die Drugstore Pub- 
lids, with nostalgia, and wish that Ar- 
mani had not taken it over. 

The covered SL-Ge nnain market, 
once redolent of cheese and spices, went 
under about 30 years later, becoming an 

urban shopping mall. Neighborhood 
habitufes mostly shrugged, because they 
could still buy food the old-fashiooed 
way from the sidewalk stalls on the Rue 
de Bum down the street. 

But when Le Divan bookstore, right 
on die square with the Romanesque ab- 
bey church that gave the neighborhood 
its name, was sola last winter to become 
a Christian Dior boutique, that was too 
much. The neighborhood went collec- 
tively to the barricades. 

‘‘Haute couture is also a form of 
artistic expression," Miss Greco said, 
* ‘but die disappearance of Le Divan is an 
extremely critical development” 

Le Divan was not just any bookstore. 
It was a cramped labyrinth of serendip- 
itous nodes and crannies that was foun- 
ded early in this century by Henri Mar- 
tinean. who also stated a literary 
magazine and a pub lishing house with 
the same name. After his death in 1957, 
(he Gallimard group, one of die largest 
French publishers, took it over. 

But when the lease expired last year 
and die landlord wanted to raise the rent, 
according to a spokesman for Le Divan, 
Gallimard balked and moved the book- 
store to die 15th arrondissemenL 
The City of Paris is the landlord. 


■7 1* 


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AGROUND IN ALBANIA — Italian peacekeeping troops inspecting a mine at Vlore, Albania, while in 
the background two tugs tried to pull the cruiser Vittorio Veneto off a shoal after its anchor slipped 
Monday night The sh^x, once the Italian Navy’s flagship, was finally freed Wednesday at dawn. 

Justice, Land and (German History 

Jewish Family Sold Cheap in 1938; Nowit Wants Property or Payment 

By Alan Cowell 

New fork Tones Service 


^ - TELTOW, Germany — Looking at 
’ '‘the derelict elevated railway station just 
• across the onetime divide between East 
and West Berlin. it*s hard to see big 
themes like history, justice, bate and 
. division. 

The casual observer is more likely to 
note that the crab grass in foe cracks on 
the platform seems to compete mainly 
with the entrance to die “Rock V Roll 
Club Cadillac" set up in part of the old 
station buildings, or that die gaunt yel- 
. low crane at a construction site seems 
* just one more emblem of Berlin’s re- 
building after the fall of the walL 

But somewhere between die over- 
grown tracks and the graffiti, a big issue 
is lurking that might be phrased like tins: 
- Is there a statute of limitations on 

Part of the land now occupied by the 
station was once owned by a prosperous 
Jewish family that felt obliged to sell it 
f cheap just after the infamous outburst of 
Nazi anti-Semitism known as 
. Kristallnacht in November 1938. Now, 

foe family’s heirs want it back — or, at 
least, a cash settlement of their claim. 

- According to Peter Sonnenthal , an 
American securities lawyer from Den- 
ver, who is one of 18 would-be heirs to 
the land, ft"* claim is different in that it 
affects territory in the West that fell foul 
not just of Nazism’s greed Ian also of the 
power politics of the Cctid War. 

ft started, Mr. Sannenthal said, on 
Nov. 11, 1938 — two days after the 
murderous rampage. Hie property, more 
than 300,000 square feet (28.000 square 
meters), was sold for about two-thirds of 
its market value and for less than die 
Nazis paid toa Don- Jewish family whose 
land was also sequestered for foe pur- 
pose of extending the elevated railway. 

The Nazi authorities, however, paid 
just half of the agreed sale price to foe 
Jewish family, keeping foe rest until all 
relevant taxes on the sale had been paid. 
The remainder of foe money from the 
sale was never paid. 

In the postwar era, a German court 
awarded compensation for part of foe 
land. But Mr. Sonnenthal’s family 
turned down the offer, insisting on full 


Neither did foe Cold War era benefit 
the claimants. For, by a curious quirk, 
foe entire S-Bahn system, as Berlin's 
elevated railway is called, remained un- 
der foe control fust of the Soviet Union, 
then of the East German authorities, who 
did not feel bound by foe court rulings of 
the West Berlin authorities. 

In that period, the land and the station, 
close to foe old Berlin Wall, fell into 
disuse. The station was shut down in 
1984 after a strike. In 1986, control 
passed to the West Berlin authorities. 
The land now has a value of some $4.5 
t n flH on. 

Eves though a Berlin court ruled last 
October that Mr. SonnenthaJ had a case 
for restitution, the presort owners of die 
land, successors to the Reichsbahn, do 
not agree. 

Lawyers for foe land’s administrators 
argued in court documents last Novem- 
ber that the Sonnenthal claim had ex- 
pired under a 30-year statute of lim- 
itations on such actions. 

Mr. Sonnenthal, however, challenged 
foe administrators’ assertion. “Through 
no fault of our own, this land was oc- 
cupied by tire Russians,” he said. 

- U 

Constitutional Panel in France 
Bars Parts of Immigration Law 

PARIS — France’s Constitutional Council struck down 
on Wednesday two provisions of a law that had sought to 
restrict illegal immigration. . . ... 

The constitutional watchdog said the provis ions, w hich 
would have permitted police access to the fingerprints of 
applicants for political asylum, breached the French Con- 
stitution. . . . _ . -i , 

The council also threw out a provision that had allowed 
the authorities to withdraw the residency rights of longtime 
immigrants whore presence was deemed a danger to public 

It said die provision was unconstitutional if the foreigner 
had resided in France for 10 years, which would entitle the 
resident to family life in Ranee. ___. 

The opposition Socialists had sought to have foe entire 
law declared unconstitutional, bur Intenor Munster Jean- 
Louis Debre said foe council had struck down only two 

^"Ttegoverament can only be happy with the approval of 
the core of the reform,” be said.' (Reuters) 

Execution, Chechnya-Style 

GROZNY Russia — In foe first capital purushment case 
handled by Chechnya’s Islamic courts, aman wasconvicted 

of murder and put to death by an e«*tmooer who slit his 
throat with a dagger, a news rt^OTtsaid Wed^day. 


- *»**-* 

the first death sentence entered by an 
were c^blish^ in the brafcawsy 

southern republic late last year, following a two-year war 
with Russia. 

The Muslim separatists who now run Chechnya have set 
up at least 20 Islamic courts based on their interpretation of 
Islamic law, or Shariah. (AP) 

Bulgarian Party Wins Majority 

SOFIA — Bulgaria's Union of Democratic Forces won 
52J26 percent in Saturday’s parliamentary election and will 
have 137 seats in the 240-seat Parliament, official results 
issued on Wednesday showed. 

The former ruling Socialists won 22.07 percent and will 
have 58 seats. Three smaller parties will also have seats. 

The Union for National Salvation, a coalition dominated 
by ethnic Turks and monarchists, will have 19 seats. The 
Euroleft, which includes many Socialist dissidents, will 
have 14, and foe populist Bulgarian Business Bloc 12. 

The majority paity is expected to meet Thursday to 
nominate Ivan Rostov, foe party leader, as prime minister, 
but formation of a new government may be delayed by the 
Eastern Orthodox Easter holiday. The new Parliament is 
expected to hold its first session on May 5. (Reuters) 

TudjmanParty Wins inZagreb 

ZAGREB, Croatia — President Franjo Tudjman’s party 
beat a loose opposition bloc by half of a percentage point in 
symbolically important elections for the city assembly in 
Zagreb, official returns showed Wednesday. 

Prelimi n a ry returns from the April 13 vote put two allied 
center-left parties ahead by a whisker, but a final count 
reversed the Oder, awarding die r ulin g HDZ party 24 seats 
to its rivals* 23. A small moderate party won three. 

The conservative nationalist HDZ, or Croatian Demo- 
cratic Union, will need a coalition to regain a viable majority 
and hoped to attain it with one or two of the four other 
opposition parties, analysts said. (Reuters) 

which is why SOS SL-Gennain and an- 
other neighborhood defense group with 
the support of the actors Jean-Paul Bel- 
mondo and Catherine Deneuve and the 
singer Charles Aznavour appealed to foe 
culture minister, Philippe Douste-Blazy, 
for help after the mayor of their ar- 
rondissement said his hands were tied. 

What they wanted, said Philippe Pois- 
son -Quinton. an engineer who re- 
membered Yves Montand getting his 
start in the neighborhood, was some help 
in enabling an experimental theater or a 
nightclub to start again with a city subsidy 
of some kind against the soaring rents. 

‘ ‘It's the spirit of the place that’s gone 
now," Mr. Poisson -Qmcron said. “A 
nightclub could bring it back.” 

Marie de la Maraniere, who said her 
family had lived in the neighborhood 
since the 14th century, said, "What out- 
rages me is that this neighborhood is 
turning into something like the Fau- 
bourg SL-Hooore." She was referring to 
the boutique-lined shopping street of 
that name, the most expensive in all of 
Paris, across foe Seine. 

"There are practically no theaters 
anymore where young artists can be 
discovered," said Jacques Canetti, an 
87-year-old impresario who discovered 

and published singers like Georges 
Brassens and Jacques BreL 

“I often come here because of the 
good memories,” he said, as white-ap- 
roned waiters rushed around the Caffe de 

Le Divan's old site is now sadly 
empty, awaiting renovations by Dior, 
which has said it might be willing to 
keep a bookstore of sorts there — with 
books about Christian Dior — when it 
opens. Armani, across the boulevard, 
has not yet opened but promises a res- 
tauranL a record store and a newsstand. 

The New Ytai Tunes 

like those the Drugstore had. when it 

‘ ‘People keep coming to us proposing 
huge sums if we’ll give up our lease — 
luxury international brands who already 
have stores elsewhere in Paris,” said 
Marie-Severine Micalleff of the book- 
store L’Ecume des Pages. 

Hers is one of the last remaining lit- 
erary bookshops on foe Boulevard SL- 
Gennain. and she said she intended to 
keep it that way. “We have no inten- 
tion." she said, ‘ ‘of selling to anyone in 
foe foreseeable future." 

Margin of Error: British Pollsters 

Labour Is Leading by Either 5 or 21 Points, Give or Take 3 


LONDON — It is not just Britain’s 
politicians who nervously await foe 
people's verdict in the election on May 
I. The nation’s much-maligned public 
opinion pollsters will find out just how 
closely their predictions were to reality. 

The huge range in current polls sug- 
gest that some polling organizations 
may be as far, or even further, out of line 
as they were in 1992 when they forecast 
a Labour victory and were ridiculed as 
the Conservatives swept in with a 21- 
seat majority. 

Two polls, published Wednesday, 
showed why pollsters are rather nervous 
at the momenL 

In the Guardian, ICM forecast a dra- 
matic narrowing of foe gap between foe 
governing Conservatives and Labour to 
just 5 points from 14 points a week ago. 

But The Daily Telegraph’s “rolling 
poll.” conducted by Gallup every 24 
hours, showed Labour had a lead over 
the Conservatives of 21 points, scarcely 
different from its findings a week ago. 

Even factoring in a margin for error of 
about 3 percentage points, foe results tell 
hugely different stories. 

ICM’s Nick Sparrow said he was con- 
fident of the methods used in the Guard- 
ian poll. 

* ‘There is no perfect way to conduct a 
poll; it is a choice between imperfect 
alternatives.” Mr. Sparrow said. "But if 
there had been any doubt at all about this 
poll, I would not have allowed the find- 
ings to be published.” 

Independent poll experts said thai at 
first sight, ICM had come up with a 
rogue poll, something expected to hap- 
pen about once in every 20 surveys. 

“I think the best judgment is that it is 
a rogue poll, although there may be an 
indication that the Labour lead is nar- 
rowing a little bit." said John Curtice, a 
political scientist at the University of 
Strathclyde in Glasgow. 

Anthony King, professor of govern- 
ment at the University of Essex, wrote in 
The Telegraph that it was possible that 
ICM could have picked up a new trend. 

"Only more surveys in the next few 
days will settle the issue," he said. “In 
the meantime, no one should allow them- 
selves to get overexcited, great though 
the temptation will be on both sides.” 

A panel of voting experts, now ques- 

tioned by Reuters on a weekly basis, 
gives a farther illustration of bow election 
forecasting is more an art than a science. 

In the panel’s latest findings, pub- 
lished Wednesday, foe experts put the 
average Labour lead at 9 points, or 44 
percent of foe vote, compared with the 
Conservatives’ 35 percenL 

But foe range of predictions was enor- 
mous, from one forecasting a hung Par- 
liament with no overall majority, to an- 
other who thinks Labour will have a 1 79- 
seat majority. 

Unless some experts adjust their pre- 
dictions in the next week, some will end 
up badly wrong. 

Stung by the criticism they attracted in 
1992, polling organizations are using 
different methods in their efforts to con- 
struct the perfect poll. 

- Some have changed to telephone 
sampling, while others have stuck to the 
age-old method of face-to-face inter- 

They also use different statistical ad- 
justments for inconclusive data, partic- 
ularly the ‘ ‘don't knows’ ’ and those who 
refuse to answer — about one quarter of 
those questioned in some polls. 

The European Index 
Conference 1997 

The Euro & The Exchanges: 
implications for Multinationals 
and Financial Marhets 

The Erand Hotel. Amsterdam. June 20 

This conference, timed to follow the Amsterdam Summit, which marks the end of the Dutch Presidency 
of the EU, will debate the Euro’s potential impact on multinationals and financial markets. 

I SpeaHars includs 1 

Paul Aaronson 

Executive Director, 

Morgan Stanley ft Co. Int’l Ltd. 

Peter Jay 

writer 8 broadcaster 

Jan Miduel Hessels 

Chief Executive Officer 
Vendex International N.V. 

Jean Frijns 

Chief Executive 


Gordon Bagot 

Director, Head of Research 

8 Consultancy 

WM Company 

Andrew Skirton 

Chief Investment Officer 
Barclays Global Investors 

Michael Gardner 


F.T.S.E. International 

Angelien Kemna 

Director of Equity Investment 
Robeco Group 

Ret Veldhuisen 

Head of Mutual Funds 

Generate Bank N.V. 

Johan Groothaert 

Client Strategies Group 
Merrill Lynch International 

Lars Nielsen 

Professor of Finance 


Onno Vriesman 

Client Strategies Group 

Merrill Lynch International 

Peter Stanyer 

Performance 8 Risk Management 
Mercury Asset Management 
Group PLC 

Richard Pagan 

Bands 8 Equities Portfolio 

Salomon Brothers International Ltd. 

Bill Stack 

Chief Investment Officer. 

Global Equities 

Dresdner RCM Global Investors 

* , .... • : For on how to tegisterferfois event, ple^e contact: 

- \Poki (44 mj«36 arii itbaSfc ntcvriaQi-btcogt *;£?. 






The IS. Netherlander 






Relief Agencies See Drive by Zairian Rebels to Execute Stranded Hutu 

By Howard W. French 

New York Times Service 

ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — With evacuation 
efforts paralyzed for thousands of sick and 
starving Rwandan Hutu refugees stranded in 
central Zaire, UN officials are accusing Zaire's 
rebel movement of deliberately impeding emer- 
gency relief operations aimed at helping them. 

International relief agencies say there is 
mounting evidence of a drive by the Zairian 
insurgents to kill off thousands of Rwandan Hutu 
refugees, whom the rebels have allegedly been 
executing in isolated villages and on forest 

In an unusually blunt criticism this week, the 
UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Sadako 
Ogata, accused the Zairian rebellion led by 
Laurent Kabila of manufacturing pretenses to 
deny relief workers access to as many as 100,000 
of the desperate Hum who are in the region of 
Kisangani and of preventing the operation of an 
airlift to transport them home. 

[The agency said Monday that there were 
“strong Indications'' that many, perhaps all, of 
the 55,000 exhausted Rwandan refugees from 
Kasese camp south of Kisangani had begun mov- 
ing south, Agence France-Prcsse reported. 

[Peter Kessler, a spokesman for the agency, 
said in Nairobi that the Rwandan Hutu were 
heading in the direction of Ubundu, a town they 
left a month ago, south of Kisangani.] 

UN officials said that for days, rebels of Mr. 
Kabila's Alliance of Democratic Forces for the 
Liberation of the Congo had been whipping up 
anti-refugee sentiment in areas that it controls, 
leading to civilian attacks against the refugees. 

and blocking work to bring re- 
lief to thousands of people, en- 
suring that many will starve. 

“Crowds of civilians have 
been attacking aid vehicles and 
looting food aid over die last 
four days," Mis. Ogata said. 

“In the border town of Goma, 
the other etui of die proposed air 
bridge from Kisangani, local 
authorities commandeered jet 
fuel earmarked for the airlift. 

The latest security operation, 
mounted in response to the al- 
leged killing of Zairian nation- 
als by refugees, follows an ag- 
gressive radio campaign against 
the refugees in the region." , 

Among the other reasons giv- 
en by the rebels for stalling die 
airlift have been expressions of 
concern that moving the 
refugees might cause the chol- 
era present among them to 
spread to healthy populations. 

The government of Rwanda, 
meanwhile, has said that it can- 
not allow its airspace to be 
crowded by an intensive airlift 

To try to secure the cooper- 
ation of the rebels, the heads of 
the UN refugee agency and the UN Children's 
Fund have appealed to the South African pres- 
ident, Nelson Mandela, and other African leaders 
to use their influence with Mr. Kabila. 

From shortly after its beginnings in October as 

Coup MulcJf'Bouma 

Two fishermen repairing their fish traps Wednesday above the rapids of the Zaire River at K is ang a n i. 

a limited uprising by Zairian ethnic Tutsi in the 
far eastern regions of Zaire. Mr. Kabila's rebels 
have been accused of waging war on the large 
populations of Hutu from neighboring Rwanda 
and Burundi who had taken up refuge in Zairian 

border regions after Rwanda’s genoddal 1994 
civil war. 

Even before their insurrection spread far into 
Zaire, the rebels, themselves largely composed of 
Tutsi troops.' attacked the Hutu refugee camps 

Albright Going to Moscow 
To Push for NATO Pact 

Talks on Charter Are Likely Next Week 

Catapdtd tn Oat Staff Frvm Dupatdta 

WASHINGTON — Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright said Wednes- 
day she would visit Moscow next week 
to try to work out remaining differences 
over a proposed NATO-Russia charter. 

She told the Senate Armed Services 
Committee she hoped the alliance would 
sign such a charter in Paris on May 27, 
but that there was no agreement yet 

The charter would establish a formal 
security cooperation mechanism be- 
tween NATO and Russia. 

“I’m going to be going to Moscow to 
have some additional meetings on the 
subject probably next week." Mrs. Al- 
bright said, “because there are elements 
of the agreement not decided upon." 
She said the date for the visit had not 
been set 

The charter was proposed as a way to 
anchor Russia in Europe and foster co- 
operation between Moscow and NATO 
as the alliance expands by taking in 
former Soviet-bloc countries. President 
Boris Yeltsin and ocher senior Russian 
officials have said Moscow would be 
ready to sign the charter on May 27. 

But U.S. officials have insisted this 
date is not certain and have said Russia's 

Yeltsin ‘Normal,’ 
U.S. Surgeon Says 


ST. PETERSBURG — President 
Boris Yeltsin of Russia has suffered 
a bout of influenza, but his heart is 
“perfectly normal,” the U.S. car- 
diologist who consulted on Mr. 
Yeltsin’s heart surgery said Wed- 

Asked about Mr. Yeltsin's shaky 
physical appearance during a visit 
to Germany last week, the cardi- 
ologist, Dr. Michael DeBakey. 
answered: "He is doing very well. 
He developed flu. and of course he 
had to recover from it. His heart is 
perfectly normal. He is leading a 
normal life." 

Dr. DeBakey did not say when 
Mr. Yeltsin bad suffered from the 
flu, and it was the first time the 
illness had been mentioned re- 
cently. The U.S. surgeon made bis 
brief remarks to reporters during a 
visit to Sl Petersburg to accept an 

Mr. Yeltsin, who had major heart 
surgery on Nov. 5 and suffered from 
pneumonia in January, looked pale 
and tired last week during talks with 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl. 

He also looked stiff and fatigued 
Wednesday as he met President Ji- 
ang Zemin of China in Moscow. 

demand for binding guarantees remains 
a stumbling block. 

Mrs. Albright took a hard line on this 
issue Wednesday. “Russia would also 
like us to make absolute commitments in 
the charter about the deployment of nu- 
clear and conventional forces cm die ter- 
ritory’s new members, "she told the Sen- 
ate Armed Services Committee. “But we 
will not compromise on this issue." 

Mrs. Albright and Defense Secretary 
William Cohen urged the senators to 
support NATO expansion, both to ben- 
efit the United States and to ensure peace 
and security in Europe. 

The joint appearance by the cabinet 
officials was an extraordinary demon- 
stration of adminis tration commitment to 
expanding the 16-nation North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization. Senator Strom 
Thurmond, Republican of South Car- 
olina, the committee chairman, said in 38 
years on the panel he could not recall the 
secretaries of state and defense testifying 
jointly. Both witnesses said that Central 
Europe’s secariry was vital to the United 
States, and dial enlarging NATO would 
reduce the chances of war. 

Indeed, Mr. Albright indicated that 
even without an expanded NATO al- 
liance, the United States might well be 
willing to fight over central Europe. 

“If there were a major threat to the 
peace and security of this region, it is 
already likely that we would decide to act, 
whether NATO enlarges or not,” she 
said. “The point of NATO enlargement is 
to deter such a threat from ever arising." 

( Reuters . AP) 

■ Discord on NATO Command 

NATO military chiefs failed to agree 
on how to forge a leaner, more flexible 
command structure for the Atlantic al- 
liance in two-day talks that ended here 
Wednesday, Agence-France Presse re- 
ported from Brussels, quoting military 

“The military chiefs of staff of tire 
NATO countries have not made any 
progress: this is a total failure," a dip- 
lomat said. 

The talks had made progress Tuesday 
toward consensus on dividing Europe 
into two military regions instead of 
three, but Britain called for further stud- 
ies. Britain agreed to abandon its re- 
gional command for northwest Europe, 
based at High Wycombe, northwest of 
London, on the condition that it was not 
the only country to make sacrifices. 

A last attempt to reach an agreement 
was made Wednesday morning at an 
unscheduled special meeting of the mil- 
itary chiefs of staff but the meeting 
failed, officials said. 

NATO’s military leaders will hold an 
extraordinary meeting in June to try to 
reach a consensus that would allow a 
NATO summit meeting in Madrid to 
ratify the structural reform in July. 

MOSCOW: Calls for a * Multipolar World ’ 

Continued from Page 1 

sia’s defense minister, Igor Rodionov, 
warned on the eve of a visit by Prime 
Minister Li Peng to Moscow that Giina 
remained a military threat to Russia. 

; Visiting China this month, though, Mr. 
Rodionov shifted gears. A member of his 
traveling delegation told die Interfax 
news agency that not only did China no 
longer pose a threat, but also that ’ ’Russia 
can supply China with up-to-date aims 
and technology for their production with- 
out harm to its own security.” 

For months, it has been reported thar 
£ part of their reconciliation, Moscow 
and Beijing planned troop reductions, 
perhaps of- 15 percent to 20 percent, 
along the 8.000-kilometer (5. 000-mile) 
bolder that once demarcated the Soviet 
Union and China. But the issue appeared 
clouded Wednesday. Citing an unnamed 
person, Interfax reported that the troops 
tyould remain where they were and that 
die two sides had merely ruled out any 

■ fo a separate accord scheduled to be 
signed Thursday, Mr. Yeltsin, Mr. Jiang 
and the leaders of the former Soviet 

central Asian republics of Kazakstan. 
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan will agree to 
inform each other about troop move- 
ments in the border region. 

Mr. Yeltsin, who returned from a va- 
cation to greet the Chinese leader on his 
five-day visit to Russia, said the oc- 
casion was “of enormous, possibly his- 
toric importance, as we are determining 
the fate of the 21st century." 

Mr. Jiang, who speaks some Russian, 
addressed the Russian Parliament with a 
similar message of friendship and 1 'stra- 
tegic partnership.” 

“Let the powerful tree of friendship 
between our two peoples always be 
green,” he said. 

Die two leaders announced that a 
committee on “friendship, peace and 
development" would be set up to nur- 
ture die wanning bilateral relationship. 

The Russian side will be headed by 
Arkadi Volsky, who has close ties to top 
figures in Russia's crumbling military- 
industrial complex. The top Chinese rep- 
resentative will be Huang Izheng, vice 
chairman of the Chinese National 
People’s Congress Commission for Fi- 
nancial and Economic Issues. 

2SSL.I relief groups u*o have *“o™**® 

scattered in Zaire. 

■ Rdbeb Are Qoaug In on Kinshasa 

Lynne Duke of The Washington Post reported V* 

■^WMeShalMobu m remains doistoed^ a 

militar y camp in this capital city, rebels who have 

vowed to capture Kinshasa in iheu campaign to 
force him from power reportedly have made a 

town of Hebo, about 600 Jdiometas of toe 
capital, a Western diplomat said Diesday. Ine 
rebels arrived In Ilebo by rail afew day 8 agofrom 
the rebel-held town of Kananga to the southeast; 
the seizure of Hebo would be the rebels closest 
advance toward Kinshasa. 

This new movement places Mr. Kabila s forces 
in relatively easy striking distance of several key 
towns in the region known as Kwango-Kwflu, a 
historical outpost of anti-Mobutu s ent i m e nt whose 
people are believed to be sympathetic to Mr 
Kabila’s cause. Zairian government troops that 
had been stationed in the area are reported to have 
fled in advance of the expected rebel onslaught.; * 
Once the rebels advance through ibis region, they T 
will be at Kinshasa's door. 


EARTH MOVER — Residents at the site of a landslide Wednesday that destroyed part of the highway from 

>ut 9,000 people strati 

Sevastopol to Yalta on Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula. The road’s collapse left about 9,000 


TREATY: Clinton Makes a Late Push on Chemical Arms Pact 

Continued from Page 1 

weapons, it will be part of the ‘ 'company 
of pariah nations this treaty seeks to 

Critics of the treaty argue that it would 
be ineffective and would expose U.S. 
chemical manufacturers to international 
scrutiny and even espionage. 

Mr. Clinton, emphasizing his domes- 
tic agenda, did not submit the treaty to 
the Senate until late 1993. He did not 
initiate a full -court press for approval in 
1994. The treaty appeared to be heading 
for a close Senate vote last year until Mr. 
Dole, made it a campaign issue, saying 
compliance could not be verified. 

But 74 other nations have ratified the 
pact and it will take effect April 29, no 

matter how the Senate votes. The White 
House has warned that without Senate 
ratification, the United States would not 
be a member of the council overseeing 
the treaty's implementation. If that 
happened, Americans would be barred 
from serving as inspectors to verify com- 
pliance. In addition, trade restrictions 
against countries that fail to ratify the 
pact could result in losses of as much as 
S600 million a year for die U.S . chemical 

Senator Trent Lott of Mississippi, the 
majority leader, has not said how he 
would vote, and his decision is expected 
to sway many undecided lawmakers. 

Before the final vote, the Senate will 
consider five amendments attached to 
the resolution by Senator Jesse Helms, 

of North Carolina, the chairman of the 
Foreign Relations Committee. 

Seeking to defeat the amendments, 
the administration contends that four of 
them are “killer’ ’ provisions that would 
amount to rejection of the treaty and that 
a fifth amendment would be bad policy. 
Only a majority vote is needed to defeat 
each amendment, and Vice President A1 
Gore is expected to be present to cast tie- 
breaking votes if needed. 

The ask for the administration, 
however, is that it will defeat the amend- 
ments and then be unable to pass the 
treaty. Mr. Lott said Tuesday tha t “it 
could make a difference "in the outcome 
of the battle if the Senate approved an 
amendment barring inspectors from 
pariah nations. 

Ultra-Orthodox Jews Rally to Defense of Accused Po litic ian 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Thousands of uJ- 
tra-Orthodox Jews rallied Wednesday 
in support of the religious party leader 
Arieh Deri, the only politician expec- 
ted to be charged in a high-level in- 
fluence-trading scandal. 

“If he was guilty, ail the others 
would have been guilty." said Yehuda 
Cohen, a 16-ycar-old seminary stu- 
dent “This is discrimination against a 
religious man." 

Mr. Deri, leader of the religious Shas 
party, is expected to be indicted on 

extortion charges. The attorney general 
said there was not enough evidence to 
charge Prime -Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu or Justice Minister Tsachi 
Hanegbi, also linked to the scandal. 

The decision to chaise only the Mo- 
roccan-bom Mr. Den threatens to 
widen the rift between Israel’s Seph- 
ardic Jews — those of Middle Eastern 
and North African descent — and 
Ashkenazi Jews of European descent, 
who have traditionally held most po- 
sitions of power. 

An estimated 10,000 supporters of 

Shas, which draws its support from 
Sephardic Jews, rallied in sweltering 
heat at a Jerusalem sports stadium 
Wednesday to show their support for 
Mr. Deri and to declare the decision to 
indict him racist 

“Our hearts have been broken,” 
Rabbi David Yosef, son of the Shas 
spiritual leader Ovadia Yosef, told the 
crowd. “Anti-religious elements are 
trying to destroy the Sephardic 

Shas holds a crucial 10 seats in Mr. 
Netanyahu's governing coalition. 

Nigeria Sends 
Troops to Town 

LAGOS — Nigeria’s military au- 
thorities said Wednesday that sol- 
diers had been sent into the troubled 
oil-producing town of Warn in the 
midwest to restore order. 

Anar chy has reigned in Warn, 

300 kilometers west of Lagos, since 
March 22, when clashes between 
armed youths broke out over the 
transfer of the local council 
headquarters from an Ijaw town to 
that of die rival Itsddri tribe. 

The toll has risen to about 
65 since April 12 when clashes re- 
sumed A curfew imposed after the 
March clashes was lined last week. 
The rioting had reduced the flow of 
Nigeria’s oil, its . main foreign-ex- 
change Mme r- ( Reuters ) 

Moscow Takes 
Firm Line on Jewels 

MOSCOW — Russia will act. 
“qtricldy and sharply” to bang 
home a priceless collection of im- 
perial jewels on an exhibition tour 
of die United States if a quarrel with 
organizes is not resolved soon, a 
government official said Wednes- 

The collection, including art 
works, costumes and some of die 
world's biggest gems, was due to be 
shown in several U.S. cities this 
year. The first show, at Washing- 
ton’s Corcoran Gallery of Art, has 

A dispute has left the-exhibhion 
in limbo, with Russian officials and 
the U-S. organizers arguing about 
what to do with die jewels. 

The Corcoran Gallery says Rus- 
sia wants the goods back for Mo- 
scow’s 850th birthday celebration 
in May. Other American officials 
say the squabble is really about 
money. (Reuters) 

Extremist Guilty 
In South Africa 

Africa — The defiant white rightist 
leader Eugene Tens ’Blanche was , 
convicted Wednesday of trying to 
murder a black employee and as- 
saulting another black man. 

“Today the war has started,” 
leader of the Afrikaner Resistance 
Movement said outride- ''•tie- 
courtroom in Potche f stroo m ; west 
of Johannesburg, after waiting^; 
dating the magistrate's judgment- . 
Mr. Terre’Blanche called the triag*’ 
istrate a ‘‘traitor.’’ 

Mr. Terre’ Blanche was found 
guilty of atte mptin g to murder, a -i 
former employee, Paul Motshabi, ; 
27, who suffered severe brain dam.- 
age after a heavy beating in Marth ; 
last year. (Reuters} 

limrtli WahnaXoacn 

Two former Socialist cabinet ministers, Marie- 

FRANCE? Early Vote Is a Referendum on Global 

Continued from Page 1 icaily affected French politics before, a GermWbomjj 

ufaciurer Aerospatiale and even Air France. At 

Thomson , me privatization of the armaments division cialism on the altar of European rarity and now GEnac* 
wo^d go probably open to paito^ps is being forced to do the s^withCkullSv^S 

with British and German companies m a bid to Striking parallels exist between what hat 

restruenue Europe s defense mdustrial sector It both French leadens when they facedup to « 
might be Possibfe. officials i added, to revive talks limits. In 1983. Mr. Mitterrand couid Ctasw 


ssa£sr-“^““--“ « aiaassssssssfl 

substantial leftist support. 

Similarly, Mr. Ourac — two years into h&seVch) 
year tom j ust as Mr. Mitterrand was when kejnat 
his U-turn has decided to shelve his campaif 
promise to solve France’s social problems andca 
centrate instead on creating a better climate for bua -3 
ness, aides said. | 

ffis tope of winning this time, these rites' ac4 
knowledged, is based largely on the dtsansy- og 

{ r le ? tion now, MnChfraci * 

halt the political nse of the . ~ 

Such changes were what Mr. Chirac bad in mind, 
according to aides, when he told voters this week that 
Europe held the key to France's future as a power. 

For Bench conservatives, Mr. Chirac’s approach 
signaled a turning point in which he largely abandoned 
— or at least heavily redefined — his party’s fianili'q 
heritage, a doctrine that emphasized un trammeled 
national independence and a free hand for French 
leaders as the best way to pursue France’s interests. 

Its domestic corollary was a strong emphasis on 
national solidarity, which often translated into a 


luppe now seem convinced that tbese features 

— be altered if France is to stay in step with made 

Noelle Lienematm and Henri Emmanuelb, leav- Germany as twin brokers of European integration. looks imbkelv to wiw !nv5 ™ National F 
ing a party meeting in Paris on Wednesday. The dynamic of European integration hasdram&t- the mainstream conservatrve^^^ 01317 3 




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For Rights in Burma 

Nine months after die U.S. Congress 
passed a law banning new American 
investment in Burma if the regime 
there staged a crackdown on demo- 
cratic rights. President Bill Clinton 
has finally, and rightly, invoked the 
law's provisions. 

With hundreds of democracy ac- 
tivists in jail and their leader. Daw 
Aung San Suu Kyi. under effective 
house arrest, conditions for sanctions 
were more than met. Now the chal- 
lenge for die Clinton administration is 
to get European and Asian nations to 
isofate Burma as well. 

Although the United States stands 
alone for the moment, these sanctions 
can still help change things in Burma. 
The United States is one of the larger 
investors in Burma. 

Companies from various nations are 
pulling out due to negative publicity 
and the country’s pervasive corrup- 
tion. By showing that Washington is 
serious. President Clinton may now 

persuade other nations to demand 
change or join the exodus. The sanc- 
tions may also give the Association of 
South East Asian Nations pause before 
deciding that it wants to give Burma a 
full embrace this year. 

The president’s decision sends an 
important signal to dictators world- 
wide that Washington can occasion- 
ally get tough. The promotion of 
American business abroad has so dom- 
inated the Clinton foreign policy, es- 
pecially in Asia, that repressive but 
wealthy countries no longer take 
Washington’s statements about human 
rights and democracy seriously. 

True, impoverished Burma is get- 
ting much tougher treatment than In- 
donesia and China, which are far more 
important trading partners. Sanctions 
on Burma may thus not be a dramatic 
statement about human rights from 
Washington. The failure to impose 
them, however, would have been. 


The Chemical Treaty 

A Republican Crisis 

Up to this point the debate over the 
chemical weapons treaty has been 
primarily a Republican identity crisis. 
One group including Ronald Reagan, 
George Bush. Brent Scowcroft and 
Colin Powell has favored extending 
negotiated principles of arms control to 
this dangerous terrain. Another group 
including four former Republican sec- 
retaries of defense has opposed the 
treaty on grounds that it would provide 
only the illusion of safety, not the real 
tiling. The Repubtican -dominated Sen- 
ate is split as the conclusive stage of the 
ratification debate opens. 

This is the context in which the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee 
chairman, Jesse Helms, offers to make 
the whole treaty hinge on the treatment 
of two articles. 10 and 1 1 . 

Article 3 0 assures treaty joiners they 
will not be abandoned to face a chem- 
ical attack alone. Article 1 1 sets out 
terms of trade in chemicals. These pro- 
visions are mocked as “poisons for 
peace" by those claiming that they 
require signers (1) to give rogue states 
chemical-weapons defensive techno- 
logy, from which they can reverse- 
engineer weapons, and (2) to get rid of 
chemical export controls. 

Concluding that the treaty would 
increase and not shrink the spread of 
rJiftmioal weapons, Mr. Helms and the 
Senate majority leader, Trent Lott, 
who is regarded as the swing man, 
demand that the Clinton administra- 
tion agree to seek a rewriting of these 

It Deserves to Pass 

Despite a barrage of misleading 
arguments from isolationists on the 
right, there are no good reasons for 
any senator to vote against ratifying 
the Chemical Weapons Convention 
this Thursday. 

The treaty, which bans production, 
stockpiling and use of chemical 
weapons and regulates trade in their 
ingredients, was negotiated and signed 
under the Republican Presidents Ron- 
ald Reagan and George Bush. It is 
strongly backed by President Bill Clin- 
ton, U.S. military commanders and the 
chemical manufacturing industry. 

No arms control treaty can be com- 
pletely airtight, but this agreement 
would sharply reduce the risks faced by 
U.S. troops in battle and by U.S. ci- 
vilians vulnerable to terrorist attack. 
The United States is already committed 
to eliminate its own chemical weapons. 
Tbe convention would make it harder 
for other countries to retain or develop 
such weapons. Its verification provi- 
sions are among the most rigorous ever 

Nevertheless, a hard core of Re- 
publican conservatives, uneasy with 
international treaties and pursuing the 
illusion of perfect security through mil- 
itary strength alone, have waged a 
fierce campaign against ratification. 
That campaign has focused on Articles 
10 mid 1 1 of tbe convention. 

Article 10 provides for requests for 
defensive equipment or medical an- 
tidotes from nations that have ratified 
the treaty and face a realistic threat 
of chemical attack. Opponents argue 
that a future enemy could use this de- 
fensive technology to make defense- 
proof chemical weapons. 

provisions or face Senate rejection of 
the entire treaty. 

If Mr. Helms were right about “poi- 
sons for peace,” then the treaty would 
deserve to go down. But a substantia] 
contrary view comes from a good num- 
ber of people not known as soft on arms 
control, such as former strategic arms 
negotiator General Edward Rowny. 
These people are not less wise or wary 
than opponents of the treaty, and they 
seem to us to be reading it through a 
lens of common sense. 

Tbe administration observes, for in- 
stance. that tbe rewards of the chemical 
trade are open only to those who accept 
the treaty's fundamental ban on chem- 
ical weapons. 7110 administration 
states that under a treaty pledge to 
provide the “fullest possible ex- 
change" of defensive technologies, 
foe United States obviously would not 
find it “possible.” let alone legal, to 
share technologies that could compro- 
mise American security. 

In short, the treaty is imperfect but 
useful, and certainly not fatally flawed. 
Iis value will ultimately depend on 
how seriously its signers enforce it, but 
the treaty will give them additional 
information about a rogue's or cheat- 
er's chemical ambitions, unprecedent- 
ed rights of inspection and a series of 
legal, economic and political levers. 

A demand for a treaty rewrite is a 
killer amendment and would under- 
mine the American leadership that has 
made this treaty, from the tune of its 
Reagan administration origins, an 
American achievement. 


But that seems a stretch, since Pres- 
ident Clinton has already made clear 
that beyond bade medical supplies, tbe 
United States will decide what it shares 
on a careful, case-by-case basis. Mean- 
while, the convention's trade rules and 
provisions for surprise inspections 
would provide adequate safeguards 
against such weapons. 

Article 1 1 permits continued trade in 
chemicals for legitimate purposes. Op- 
ponents claim that this would eliminate 
important trade safeguards now im- 
posed by a group of chemical-export- 
ing nations. But leaders of the group, 
including tbe United States, assure that 
there would be no such weakening. 

Through such arguments, opponents 
have kept key mainstream Republicans 
like foe Senate majority leader. Trent 
Lott, from endorsing foe treaty. With- 
out their support, foe treaty will prob- 
ably not obtain the necessary two- 
foiras vote. 

That would leave the United States 
on the sidelines when 70 countries that 
have ratified die treaty start putting its 
provisions into effect The United 
Stales would be excluded from choos- 
ing administrators and inspectors. U.S. 
chemical companies would find their 
exports restricted by provisions that 
Washington insisted be in the treaty 
to curb rogue states like Iraq. Libya 
and North Korea. 

The White House has agreed to at- 
tach 28 acceptable conditions to its 
ratification to allay the anxieties of 
wavering senators. But it has refused 
five other conditions that would ef- 
fectively negate ratification. Mr. Lott 
and other Republicans should rise to 
their responsibilities and provide a 
comfortable margin of victory in 
Thursday’s vote. 






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L OS ANGELES — Laurent Kabila 
is good news for African self-re- 
spect. even very good news. This may 
seem a far-out view, but it is based on 
two strong probabilities. 

One is that no external major power 
has anything to gain in the Zaire region, 
from another long bout of uproar and 
mayhem. Tbe brutal frenzies of the 
Cold War are over and done with. 

The other probability is that this 
country called zaire no longer exists as 
a safe source of plunder. 

The many and various peoples of 
Zaire, in: 

of being able to govern themselves 
their own benefit The wasted years that 
began in these parts a century ago and 
more may be approaching their end. 

Any such optimism has to meet the 
bruising realities of those wasted years. 
The biggest has been the ruthless ex- 
traction of local wealth by non-African 
mining and banking interests. 

What the post-Mobutu regime will 
find is a political void around an eco- 
nomy run by strictly local networks of 
interest Zaire no longer has a coherent 
road system, or an effective education 
and health structure, or any other aspect 
of a national life and presence. As a 
functioning state, it no longer exists. ■ 

By Basil Davidson 

But if it should torn out to be true, as 
I suspect, that a Kabila government will 
be found to have quite a team of com- 
petent and courageous helpers, most of 
them still under age 30 or so, then this 
new regime will command one great 
advantage: They will be able to start at 
foe bottom, and build on die hopes of a 
people long bereft of good news. 

The central problem, as in most of 
Africa now, is simple but also very 
difficult. To see this problem it helps 
to look back a little. 

Invading and taking over this huge 
piece of middle Africa 100 years ago, 
the Belgian colonial power set about 
dispossessing its peoples not only of 
their land and wealth but also, above all, 
of their self-esteem and self-respon- 
sibility. Powers of decision passed into 
European hands. That dispossession 
was called “bringing civilization to 
Africa.” In truth, it brought disaster. 

The “decolonization” of 1960 was 
supposed to reverse this dispossession. 
What actually happened was that dic- 
tatorial habits ana structures of gov- 
ernment simply passed into the hands 
of local agents of foreign interests. 

From the standpoint of patriots like - 
Mr. Kabila and bis friends, mostly stu- 
dents then, that independence was a 
fake. They found a name for it. They 
called it “neocolonialism. ’ * 

My Nigerian friend the economist ; 
Claude Ake described what thi&means 
to Africans a little before his, tragic 
death in a recent air crash. “Devel- 
opment strategies in Africa, with minor, 
exceptions,” he said, “have tended to 
be strategies by which the few use foe 
many for their own purposes.” 

In this Africa, he continued, “There 
is not and has never been popular par- 
ticipation in political and economic de- 
cirion-making.’’ This had become true 
to the point that “development has 
turned into concerted aggression 
against tbe common people, producing 
a theater of alienation.' * 

Such has been foe theater upon whose 
creaking boards the wretched Mobutu 
Sese Seito has played his bfutal role. - 
What we have begun to see in the past 
lOyearscffso, quite widely in Africa, fa 
the rise of a real opposition, to tins fake 
independence when others, not Afri- 
cans, have manipulated the strings of 
power. This indicates a; movement for 
genuine democracy, as distinct from 
electoral decoration mid demagogy. 

.that has as its ettes&l characteristic a ~ 

shift awayfromcentralized government 

arid bureaucracy in favor of local and 
direct forms of setf-administratio n. 

This is oebesssrfly a movement beset 

with problems; above all, foe problem 
of matching a necessary centraT control, 
a <*•»»** control, with a -still more, nee-, 
essary local. control, people’s controL 
Brnthe problem can be eased—- as itbas 

been, fog instance, in Uganda in t he pm t 

few years — -bycalling car the memory 
and resources -of Africa's long prepo- 
lomal experience of self-government; 

.. Already a movement toward local, 
andtheiefrare effective; democracy has 
began to show impressive results, as m 
Eritrea: We can look for more evidence 
of fofa k i n d if a Kabila government 
proves competent in Zaire. 

The problem in Zaire may in practice 
prove less cough than it must seeoL If 
so, it will be because the sheer ux- 
competence and outrageous corruption 
of the Mobutu dictatorship have left 
long-abandoned populations to. run 
iheir own affairs as best they can: - 

the writer's latest book ort African 
history' is "The Search for Africa/* He 
contributed this comment to the Eos 
Angeles Times.' 


The Blair Campaign: Not Quite as American as Its Trappings 

M anchester, England 

— The campaign day for 
Tony Blair. Britain's prime 
minister in waiting, began here 
with the strings of Vivaldi and 
a lofty speech promising rein- 
vigorated British leadership 
abroad. An eon later, Mr. 
Blair’s day on the road ended 
with a final telephone call to 
London election headquarters 
for the latest nitty and the new- 
est gritty of balloteering. 

On foe line in London was 
Jonathan Powell, Mr. Blair’s 
chief of staff and a man many in 
the U.S. foreign policy commu- 
nity know from the four years he 
spent at the British Embassy in 
Washington. Mr. Powell stands 
to become one of the world's 
most powerful staff aides if La- 
bour’s current lead in public 
opinion polls stands up in the 
May 1 vote, as seems likely. 

A day earlier across the Chan- 
nel, French President Jacques 
Chi ran had announced unusual 
snap parliamentary elections for 
next month. One of the half- 
dozen. or fewer, people in Paris 
who know for certain why and 
how Mr. Chirac reached his un- 
conventional decision is his 
trusted chief of staff, Domin- 
ique de Villepin, who also spent 
four embassy years along the 
Potomac in the 1980s. 

And when Germany last week 
asked its European Union part- 
ners to show solidarity against 
Iran by briefly recalling their am- 
bassadors from Tehran to protest 
Iranian links to an assassination 
in Berlin, the task fell to foe 
Foreign Ministry's political di- 
rector. Wolfgang Isdiinger. Mr. 
Ischinger’s Washington experi- 
ence, similar to that of Mr. Pow- 
ell and Mr. de Villepin. made his 
assessment of U.S. attitudes on 
this issue highly credible among 
his colleagues. 

Increasingly the best and the 
brightest of Europe are passing 
through Washington on their 
way to positions of wielding or 
brokering power back home. 

By Jim Hoagiand 

Scores of other graduated 
Americanologists occupy key 
posts in Europe. Some days 
Europe’s most important policy 
meetings could be easily con- 
ducted in English spoken with 
passable American accents. 

It would take a short jour- 
nalistic leap to argue — either in 
wide or in fear — that this re- 
flects a creeping Americaniza- 
tion of European policy and pol- 
itics. But how, and bow much, 
Washington experience affects 
the worldview and practical de- 
cisions of Europe’s American- 
ologists is far from dear. 

The most visible impact fa in 
the managerial style of political 
campaigning, which is increas- 
ingly dominated by television 
in Europe. Jonathan Powell, 
who is 40, covered the 1992 
Clinton campaign as part of his 
embassy duties. Another Blair 

campaign advisor, Phil Gould, 
actually worked on the Clinton 
team that year. ' 

“ft really is different in fun- 
damental ways.” Mr. Powell 
insisted as we sat just outside 
Mr. Blair's London campaign 
“war room,” where a rapid re- 
action force was beavering 
away in Carvilie-Stephano- 
poulos style on the latest cam- 
paign wrinkle. “You have to do 
thin gs differently in a partial 
mentaxy system.” 

In this and other conversa- 
tions I sense a strong reluctance 
by die New Labour Blairites to 
be compared with the New 
Democrat Clintonites as the 
election approaches. 

This may reflect front-runner 
skittishness over association 
with an American president 
saddled with campaign scan- 
dals and an Irish policy that is 

unpopular here. But 1 think it 
also reflects a telling analysis of 
the disillusionment of . the Clin- 

abroacL^The buries you use to 
win campaijg&s often backfire in . 
officeT Over-promising will get 
you in trouble.: with today's 
electronically aware electorate, 
when you don’t deliver. ' J 
With the recent U.S. expe- . 
rience in mind, Mr. Blair has 
consciously limited his cam- 
paign promises to making mod- 
est improvements on what the 
Conservatives', have - accom- 
plished in 18 years. He has run 
entirely cm the idea that he will 
be a better leader than. Prime 
Minister John Major and on his 
considerable chsom. ■ He has 
made palatable for the British 
the idea that failed for Michael 
Dukakis in 1988: The issue is 
competence, not ideology. 

' This has made much of the 
campaign here seem superfi- 

But Clinton-Style 

sidentiaL” Mr. Ma-j 
joe’s only strong moment came 
fast week when he went on tele* 
vision to denounce with stykj 
. and grit his critics. Unfortu-L 
naiely for him. these Critics aid 
in hfa own party. Mr. Blair im4 
mediately resumed Iris attacks 
on Mr. Majors “weak 'lbadj 
- ership,” while acknowledging 
in 2ns speech jn a concert halj 
here that, there was litfle .(fif-j 
fereoce between the pasties on 
foe big questions of foe day.; j ! 

Ifhe wins. Me. Blair comes or ■■ 
office whhout a strong mandate 
fin innovation or change. He 
.wiD have togovem wifoapaF 
liamentary team not 'eajger tp 
yield its prerogatives to astnbng 
..single executive. In the end, as 
be seems to sense, Tdtty BJair’-s 
Britain is more Ukelytotefl o& 
aboutthe Unfits of the Arnac- 
~ icamzation of global politics 
rather than its expansion. ; : 

> TheWoshington Post. , ,j- 

S TEVENAGE, England — I 
rushed to England. Tony 
Blair needed me. He only bad a 
few days left to prove he was up 
to iL So many wobbly men, as 
Margaret Thatcher might say, 
so little time. I could help. 

I was, after alb an American 
with valuable insights into how 
our politicians had effectively 
drained presidential campaigns 
of substance, replacing ideo- 
logy with biography, and prin- 
ciples with focus groups. 

The man who would be 
prime minister was trying to 
pull off an unusual trick, clon- 
ing himself from a done. Tony 
Blair had aped Bill Clinton, 
who had aped anything and 
everything that worked. 

The candidate for New La- 
bour, the Oxford-educated law- 
yer with the impressive lawyer 
wife, has saxophones and a rock 

ByMaureen Dowd 

anthem and television stars at 
rallies, rapid response in the im- 
itation War Room, and a cam- 
paign bus with the banner “Into 
tbe Future.” For extra veri- 
similitude, Stan Greenberg, 
President Clinton’s old pollster 
is now working with Mr. Blair. 

At least we Americans have 
foe original opportunist. Tony 
Blair can switch positions and 
drag out all the Stephanopouli 
and technocrats and investment 
brokers he wants. Our president 
was the first to use the word 
“Internet” in an inaugural ad- 
dress and “Burger King” in a 
State of the Union message. 

Only a decade ago, it was the 
Democrat Joe Biden who was 
pilfering some passionate rhet- 
oric from the Labour leader 
Neil Kinnock. Now Labour pil- 

Okinawa Needs a Compromise 

H ONOLULU — Governor 
Masahide Ota of Oki- 
nawa has decided to use 
Washington instead of Tokyo 
as his battleground with foe 
Japanese government over the 
U.S. military presence in his 
strategically located island 
prefecture in southern Japan. 

Mr. Ota is on a swing 
through the United States cir- 
culating a petition deceptively 
entitled “Reduction and Re- 
alignment of U.S. Military 
Bases in Okinawa.'’ What he 
actually seeks is the elimin- 
ation of all U.S. forces and 
bases from Okinawa. 

Much of the land on which 
U.S. bases are located is 
owned by private citizens and 
leased from them by die Jap- 
anese government, which 
makes it available to the U.S. 
military. A small group of 
leaseholders is refusing to re- 
new leases. Prime Minister 
Ryu taro Hashimoto has been 
forced to posh through legis- 
lation compelling them to ex- 
tend the Leases. 

Mr. Ota notes correctly that 
Okinawans have carried the 
heaviest burden in the defense 
of Japan. Twenty percent of 
foe main island’s territory (or 
11 percent of the entire pre- 
fecture) is used by American 
bases, and 75 percent of all 
territory housing U.S. forces 
in Japan is looted in Oki- 
nawa. He argues convincingly 
that the burden should be 
more evenly distributed. 

Then comes Mr. Ota’s bot- 
tom line: Given Okinawa's 
unfair share of the burden dur- 
ing and since World War H, 
the majority of Okinawans 

By Ralph Cossa 

now want all American bases 
and troops removed from the 
prefecture by 2015. 

When preyed on his c laim 
that die majority want a com- 
plete removal of the bases. Mr. 
Ota points to tbe September 
1996 anti-bases referendum, 
which drew an- 89 percent 
“yes” vote. But the referen- 
dum only asked: "Do you 
agree that the U.S.-Japan 
Status of Forces Agreement 
should be reviewed and U.S. 
military bases on Okinawa 
should be reduced?” The Jap- 
anese and U.S. governments 
had already agreed to do both. 

What Mr. Ota does not 
point out fa that more objec- 
tive polls repeatedly show 
that, while a majority of Oki- 
nawans want a reduction in 
the U.S. presence, oaly about 
20 percent call for a complete 
removal of the bases. Many of 
foe islanders see their security 
and prosperity closely tied to a 
continued American presence 
and tbe central government 
rent and subsidies it draws. 

It is true that 75 percent of 
America's Japan-based facil- 
ities are in Okinawa, but most 
Japanese Self-Defense Farce 
bases are elsewhere. When one 
looks at the total amount of 
land taken up by combined 
U.S. and Japanese bases, only 
20 percent is on Okinawa. 

A removal of U.S. forces 
would require at least some re- 
deployment of Japanese forces 
into current U.S. bases. Failure 
to do so could send the wrong 
signal to China over its con- 

flicting claim to Japan's Sen- 
kaku Islands in the East China 
Sea to the south of Okinawa. 

Mr. Ota is right that ad- 
ditional economic develop- 
ment packages, similar to the 
one already promised by 
Tokyo, are sorely needed to 
help reduce the prefecture's 
excessive reliance on the cen- 
tral government’s largesse. 
Okinawa’s economy is only 
22 percent self-sustaining; the 
rest comes from the central 
government, with some major 
urban districts more than 90 
percent subsidized. 

Greater assistance and for- 
eign investment are also 
needed. But Mr. Ota needs to 
ask himself what incentive 
Washington or Tokyo would 
have to pour resources into an 
area whose future aim puts 
their national security in- 
terests at risk. Without a will- 
ingness to do its fair share in 
the future. Okinawa's lever- 
age over foe Japanese and U.S. 
governments will disappear. 

Mr. Ota's zero-bases option 
discourages investment and 
aid from mainland Japan, the 
United States, Taiwan and any 
other quarter that understands 
the important link between the 
American military presenoe in 
Asia and continued regional 
stability and prosperity. . 

The writer is executive di- 
rector of the Pacific Forum 
CSIS, a Honolulu-based re- 
search institute affiliated with 
the Center for Strategic and 
International Studies in Wash- 
ington. He contributed this 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. 

fere banalities about commu- 
nity; responsibility^ and oppor- 
tunity from the Democrats. 

- The gentlemanly Brits axe 
working hard to be as Slick, 
negative and superficial sis we 
are. Labour's big announce- 
ment this week was that Mr. 
Blair would be seen in new 
posters with a purple (royal) 
background instead of tradi- 
tional (Bolshevik) red. 

The Blair team has teamed the 
dangers of self-consciously 
copying Mr. Gtiatoh, at least 
with American reporters disil- 
lusioned with the presidenLlt 
made headlines here when Joe 
Klein wrote in The New Yodcer, 
edited by the Blair supporter 
Tina Brown, that die candid ate 
had “magisterial vacuity” and 
came across as “an anxious sales 
clerk peddling toaster ovens.” .. 

Privately, his aides 'grump 
that, unlike Mr. Clinton, Mr. 
Blair does not need to be loved 
and is not ruled by his apfretiteSw 
Indeed, some reporters said that 
with his strong (Twisrian back- 
ground and talk about saying 
the soul of the nation, be came 
across more like Jimmy Gaiter*.- 

Wlth Brits getting, jittery 
about tbe European Union, Mr. - 
Blair tried to show thatbeconld 
be a strong leader. Apparently 
coopting foe Tory bulldog for 
an ad was not enough. So on 
Tuesday, when be called John 
Major weak, he, scrunched up 
his face in a stem look and 
punched words for emphasis. - ; 

He also tried to convince crit- 
ics that, just because bethinks it 
is OJEL to have aspirations, that 
does not mean he is devoid of 

convictions.- At* tally here iH 
Stevenage, anriddle-ciasscom- 
munity north of London, he 
offered a spirited argumeotihat 
be was not turning his back bn 
traditional Labour corccxbs~ ' \ 
“If we had 60 miDioo pounds 
to spend, we would not .be 
spending it bn a royal yacht 
while people were lying in hois-. 
pUal beds,” he said. ... v- . . S 
• 11 We have elderly gentiemen^ 
hovering betwcoi life and deafly As 
sitting m the House 1 of Lords* ’ 
making decisions for us. We do 
not need hereditary peers.'* 

-• He said ambition, must be 
combined with - compassaorc 
“Forme, New Labour is hot 
some public relations gimmick, 
or some salesman's patter; 1 ^ 1 
‘ T am sort of one man, if yoa 
like, from foe rock aridrbll gefc- 
eratitm, the Beaties, colarTVy 
all foe., rest, of it, that’s where 
I come from. My^ beliefs are 
ample . Women should he able 
to go out to weak if they want or 
to stay home, if tfrey want to. 
.Women and men should have 
equality. I; abhor and loathe, rar 
asm in all its forms. 

“I believe in a society where 
people’s sexuality isiqj to them. 

I also believe that those who 
abuse, , hassle and cau^e vio- 
lencefo thedderiy andthe vul- 
nerable deserve fo bcpenfaheck 
It doesn’t matter where people 
.came. from. -It's what they are 
thatcounts; ,r ] 

- Afterward a Blair rjaaffegr 
asked the reporters on the bus, 
hopefully, if they had;pttt the 
-word passion high up ih foeir 
stories; , Yes, relied a tabloid 
reporter dryly, “My Nqdit of 
Passion With Tpny Blair.” 

The New York Times. : ... 


1897: Turkish Warrior 

PARIS — The command of the 
Ttakfah army ef operatiohshas 
been entrusted by the Sultan iq 
that tried warrior. Ghazi Osmati 
Pasha, whose briDiam defence of 
Hevna ranks among tbe greatest 
tnUhary achievements of foe age. 
Edhem Pasha is to he adjutant- 
generaL and as fofa is.foe officer 
wbo commanded foe famous 
Grivitza redoubt, where so many 
thousand Russians bit . foe dust, 
there fa evesy prospect that foe 
work so well begun by Edhem 
Pasha will be rapidlyposhed for- 
ward to a victorious end. 

curse on hfa workers. ^Tbsy sit at 
their benches, half dead, doing . 
their bits of wosk mechanically /, 
over aa& over” declared Ed- * ^ 
ward J. Eyans, vice^aesutent of 
: die International Brotherhood of 
Hectrical Worfcere. High spe- 
cialisation was asserted by the 
union leader to be die “worst 
crime against humanity.'' - 

1347? Educating Haiti 

PARIS. — A; twemy-sqi 
mile territory in southern I 
where 75 percent of tire 2£ 
people can neither read 
write, was chosen as foe si 
*> aoa ii « foe UNESCO’s first expert 

1922: Ford s Curse *n education. The most 

vaoced tra*rh.rng aids, me lt 
use of film strips, charts 
radio, will be' concentrate 
educating the people: to * 
hygiene, use of improver 
ncultural equipment and a 
eral elevation of comm 
standards. Teaching Haitfa 
read and write will come 1 

CHICAGO — Henry Ford has 
been dedaredrespoosiUefbr ad- 
vancing specialisation in facto- 
ries, in testimony before foe rail- 
road Labor Board. “Henry Ford 
may have conferred a blessing 
on many people, those who own 
. but he conferred a 




Smokers Should Be Free 
To Puff and Suffer 

By Robert J. Samuelson 

our. American freedoms is 
the ability to do or say things that 
are unpopular, as long , as they 
don’t harm others. The . grmlffag 
controversy is about this freedom 
as well as health, but thaifrasbeen 
lost in the hysteria to ostracize 
smokers and punish tobacco 
companies. The hysteria — em- 
bodied in suits against tobacco 
companies and strident anti-in- 
dustry rhetoric by politicians — 
is so intense that the biggest 
companies are now in miles to 
settle. By press reports, Philip 
Morris and RJR might have the 
industry pay $223 billion to $300 
billion over 23 years and submit 
to more regulation. In return, it 
would be spared Anther liability. 

Massive reparations will strike 
many people as a fit retribution 
for merchants of death. The re- 
action is completely wrong. The 
cost of a settlement would largely 
~ be passed along to smokers. The 
industry would create a compen- 
sation fund for “victims” and 
w then raise prices to pay for h. 
* That would represent a disguised 
increase in cigarette taxes. The 
proper questions are who would 
* pay the extra tax and who would 
• receive the benefits. 

Well, we know who would 
“ pay: the 23 percent of Americans 
’■ who smoke. They consist heavily 
* of the poor and lower-middle 
‘ class. About 70 percent have no 
more than a high school diploma. 

1 We don't know exactly who 
> would benefit, but the candidates 
’ are clear (a) smokers— or more 
; likely their heirs — if they can 

show they should be “com- 
pensated” for “damages”; (b) 
the lawyers who would represent 
“victims" in compensation' 
claims or receive a guaranteed 
payout from the fund, and (c) 
states that would be paid to offset 
their allegedly excessive health 
costs from smoking. 

In short, a compensation fund 
would be an intricate shell game, 
with the tobacco * companies 
mainly as middlemen. All 
smokers would be taxed to pay 
“damages” to some smokers or 
their families. In the process, 
we’d create a welfare program 
for lawyers. Finally, states would 
receive a hefty slice. 

Now, I am not defending the 
tobacco industry’s public dis- 
honesty. Nor am I mimicking its 
posture that cigarettes are no ris- 
kier than toothpaste. I don’t 
smoke and, as a parent, will fight 
my children if they start. But 
otherwise, 1 don ’t think I have the 
right to impose my views. People 
have a right to choose. P unishing 
them for their choice denies their 
freedom. Rewarding them for the 
ill effects of their choice denies 
their responsibility. 

Neither can be justified unless 
smokers lack choice or impose 
costs on others. Naturally, die 
anti-smoking ideology presumes 
(wrongly) that both cemmtions are 
true. Smokers are supposedly se- 
duced by the industry’s advert- 
ising, and once they start puffing 
they can't stop, because tiparettes 
are addictive. Come on. Since die 
government's first anti-smoking 
report in 1964, almost everyone 

has known that cigarettes are dan- 
gerous. That knowledge is the 
mam reason the proportion of 
smokers has dropped from 42 per- 
cent in 1965 to the present 25 
percent And the main reason 
there are fewer smokers today is 
not that fewer Americans stazt 
smoking but that more give it up. 

Nor do smokers — and the 
tobacco industry — impose huge 
economic costs on the rest of 
society. Just the opposite: 
Smokers more than pay their 
own way. They already pay steep 
cigarette taxes and, by dying 
early, create future savings in 
health costs, nursing home care. 
Social Security and pensions. 
Even without the taxes, the sav- 
ings smokers create by early 
death may exceed the costs they 
impose by 40 percent, estimates 
the Harvard economist W. Kip 

Viscusi. Just because this argu- 
ment is freakish and awkward is 
no reason to ignore it 

Finally, smokers don’t pose a 
major workplace health hazar d 
through “passive” smoke: 
what's inhaled by nonsmokers. 
Secondary smoke may be highly 
irritating, but it’s not a major 
cause of either lung cancer or 
heart disease. The scientific stud- 
ies here are weak. Some find thai 
passive smoke causes a small 
amount of cancer other studies 
find no effect. 

It is smokers themselves who 
experience the pleasures and hor- 
rors of smoking. And that's how it 
should be. As a society, we ought 
to clarify that principle, and in this 
sense, a truce between the in- 
dustry and its critics — enac ted 
into law by Congress — is de- 
sirable. Such a truce would have 

the industry voluntarily surrender 
most (or all) of its right to ad- 
vertise. It might also finance a 
modest education program for 
teenagers on the dangers of 
smoking. In return, it would re- 
ceive immunity from legal lia- 

Given today's hysteria, I 
doubt anything so evenhanded 
is possible. The anti-smoking 
zealots essentially want to shut 
the industry. Trial lawyers see 
the tobacco companies as a huge 
pot of gold. Politicians see them 
as fabulous punching bags. The 
press portrays the story as a 
struggle of good and evil, barely 
questioning anti-smoking rhet- 
oric. Hardly anyone in this in- 
formal coalition of intolerance 
even senses that freedom is an 

MvAingloti Post Writers Group. 



NATO and the East 


It is with increasing astonish- 
ment that we Central Europeans 
have been following the whole 
anti-NATO enlargement debate. 

: Several myths have been pro- 
duced. First, critics of enlarge- 
ment argue that expansion would 
isolare Russia, despite the fact that 
an intensive NATO-Russia rela- 
tionship has been developed. 
Second, enlargement is called 
anti-Russian, although the alli- 

ance was never anti-Russian but 
anti -SovieL 

Third, it is said dial enlargement 
would jeopardize Russian reforms, 
even chough the Russian political 
class is too pragmatic to ask Rus- 
sia’s future over NATO expan- 
sion. Four, critics say that enlarge- 
ment would create new divisions 
in Europe, although the situation 
would be just the contrary: Instead 
of petrifying Cold War lines, ex- 
pansion of Western institutions 
would obliterate them. 

Five, critics ask why NATO 
should expand when the political 
“weather" is good; the answer is 
weather can change, and also the 
Atlantic alliance comprises more 
titan just collective defense. Six, 
critics say rapid expansion is 
folly, but this expansion is being 
dime at a snail's pace. 

Lastly, critics ask whether 
alliance members would be will- 
ing to die for Prague or Ljubljana 
— does that mean they would not 
be ready to die for Turkish 

Kurdistan on Iraq's border? 



The writer is the deputy per- 
manent representative of Poland 
to the United Nations. 

Flora Lewis’s article (“Speak 
Up for Eastward Expansion of 
the Atlantic Alliance Opinion, 
April 18) amply highlights the 
merits of the Atlantic alliance yet 
nevertheless exposes the fatal il- 

Don’t Fret Over English, 
It’s Taking the Prize 

By Richard Reeves 

logic of an eastward expansion. 

The West today has a better 
chance than ever before to enable 
Russia to live in a comfortable and 
friendly atmosphere with its Euro- 
pean neighbors, and to gradually 
evolve itself. 

This, rather than maintaining an 
unspoken adversarial relationship, 
is the ultimate protection against 
war. Russia is not, and must not be 
made to feel like, a target 


Hong Kong. 

speeches during the presen- 
tations of this year's Los Angeles 
Tiroes Book Prizes were all win- 
ning, all charming, as you would 
expect from writers of great talent 
They were all in English, of course, 
but the writers did not sound all 
that much like each other. 

Rohinton Mistry, winner of the 
fiction award for “A Fine Bal- 
ance,” spoke in the spicy English 


of India. Frank McCourt, winner 
of tiie biography award for “An- 
gela’s Ashes,” spoke in the lilting 
(a word he hates) rhythms of Ire- 
land. Neal Ascherson, winner of 
the history award for “Black 
Sea,” spoke in the mother tongue 
of England. You could hear New 
York in the words of the poetry 
winner, Alan Shapiro, for “Mixed 
Company.” and the current affairs 
winner. Peter Maass. author of 
“Love Thy Neighbor." 

And this is a language, this 
English, that is supposed to be in 
trouble in America? 

Millions of Americans still 
seem to believe that A dozen 
states, including California, have 
passed “Official English” laws 
or initiatives designed to “pre- 
serve” English by forbidding 
government employees to use oth- 
er languages, particularly Span- 
ish. Please! If you really want to 
dare, try stopping people around 
tfie world from learning English 
as their second language — after 
Spanish. French, Korean, Greek. 
Russian, Hungarian or Urdu. 

In Pakistan, where Urdu is an 
official language, this was the 
conclusion of the national Lan- 
guage Study Commission a few 
years ago: “English is die main 
repository of modem knowledge, 
and one-third of all the books 
printed in die world each year are 
in the English language — There 
is no escape for any country in the 
world from learning English well 
and thoroughly ana it would be 
very unwise, in fact almost sui- 
cidal. for Pakistan to neglect all 
the advantages we already possess 
in regard to past knowledge of 

The British Empire is a memory, 
but the English Empire is still ex- 
panding. English is no endangered 
species; it is as close as anything 
has ever been to becoming the lan- 

guage of the world. It is the global 
language of finance and trade, 
technology, diplomacy and mass 
entertainment. The only threat to 
that dominance, a long time from 
now. is the chance that, like Latin, 
English will become so wide- 
spread that it will break up into 
dialects. But that is less likely in an 
era of global communication and 
travel. You have to be very, very 
far off the beaten track not to hear 
English spoken or see it written. 

The fear of foreigners that -trig- 
gers the current U.S. movements 
for “English Only” are not new. In 
1733, Benjamin Franklin went ab- 
solutely nuts about Germans, say- 
ing: “Those who come hither are 
generally the most ignorant stupid 
sort of their own nation. ... They 
will soon so outnumber us that all 
the advantages we have will not, in 
my opinion, be able to preserve our 
language, and even our govern- 
ment will become precarious.” 

It did not happen then and it 
will not happen now. For one 
thing there are now fewer foreign- 
born folks in the United States 
than there were in the good old 
days. Remember, even in absolute 
numbers, there are now fewer im- 
migrants, legal and illegal, than 
there were in the early years of this 
century, when the U.S. population 
was less than half what it is now. 

As the century ends, English 
has, in fact, become essential in 
every part of the world because it 
is the living library of the last 100 
years of scientific and technolo- 
gical advance. Why are more than 
three-quarters of the world’s sec- 
ondary school students studying 
English? Because the new words 
of the world are English; our “en- 
dangered” language has more 
than 530,000 words compared 
with the 50,000 or so you fund in 
dictionaries of Urdu or Hebrew. 

The “English Only” advocates 
have it exactly wrong. If there is a 
continuing language problem in 
the United States, it is that too few 
Americans are studying and learn- 
ing foreign languages. Maybe we 
Americans are too lazy. Or, more 
likely, we have the arrogance of 
winners, generally secure in the 
new reality that so many people in 
the rest of the world have to learn 
English to share in the prosperity 
of modernity — and the rewards 
of reading great work being writ- 
ten in English all over the world. 

Universal Press Syndicate. 

- JJi story of Art in America 

is ’v Robert Hughes. 635 pages. $65. Knopf. 
Reviewed by Dare Ashton 

R OBERT HUGHES is no stranger to 
the art of the epic sweep. He deman- 
'jL.strated his mettle in his monumental 
’ fiistoiy of Australia, “The Fatal Share.” 
He is also no stranger to the world of 
television documentary. He has used the 
two-pronged adventure — the eight-part 
TV series and eight-chapter book — 
before, in “The Shock of theNew.” But 
in this hefty book, Hughes takes on the 
history of America, as seen in its visual 
arts primarily, from tire Pilgrims and 
Puritans to last year’s auctions, and, as 
can be expected, he bluis the connota- 
tions of “epic” as he winds down. 

*• Functioning as a historian not only of 
the visual arts but of the shifting culture 
they helped to shape in the past, Hughes 
is in top form: a master of vivid lan- 
guage, an indefatigable researcher, and a 
critical intelligence always in high gear, 
fearlessly demolishing received ideas. 
The distancing associated with die epic 
-form serves him well in his earlier 
chapters, tut it disappears in his treat- 
\ ment of contemporary phenomena, 
which he tends to describe with the 
editorialist’s inicability (not, however, 
without flashes of characteristic hu- 

His combination of TV (the senes 
begins on May 28 in the United States) 
and the printed word has certain ad- 
vantages, which Hughes exploits mar- 
velously. There are no footnotes on the 
.screen, and there are none in the book. 
Necessity forces him to say what he 
means and guarantees that he seek the 
most pithy locution. Out of the ample 
storehouse of poetic and political quo- 
tations that , he seems to have ai his fin- 
gertips. he chooses with great care, let- 
ting a line from Whitman or Williams or 

Auden cast an effulgent light on an entire 


chapter. Here we have a master of belles 
lettres at work in cultural history, a genre 
that Hughes may have invented — and a 
good thing, too. 

In concert with many historians. 
Hughes recognizes that the Puritan leg- 
acy “has formed all modem Americans, 
no matter whai the color of their skin or 
their ancestors’ place of origin.'’ The 
American work ethnic, the primacy of 
religion, and the invention of American 
“newness” are all attributed to those 
grim settlers, who, as Hughes underlines, 
were also ruthless and violent: “These 
men of God were killers on a biblical 
scale: Before 1615 about 72,000 Native 
Americans lived between southern 
Maine and the Hudson River, and by 
1690 most of them had been wiped out 
and the rest beaten down.” 

Hughes also corrects a common belief 
that tie Puritan culture was puritan: 
“narrowly art-hating and repressively 
pleasure-denying.” Their art forms, 
primarily architectural and decorative, 
were signs of wealth and status, as Amer- 
ican art forms have been ever since. 
American “newness” is one of the prin- 
cipal motifs in Hughes’s book, and be 
takes it from Jefferson’s 1801 letter 
(“We can no longer say there is nothing 
new under die sun. For this whole history 
of man is new. The great extent of our 
republic is new . . . ”) to the solecisms 
that fueled the naked imperial ambitions 
of our 19th-century politicos and their 
allies in the world of the arts. Hughes 
sharply defines the rhetoric and enthu- 
siasts of Manifest Destiny in the mid- 
19th century, pointing out that they had 
in mind not only Latin America, the 
Pacific and Asia, but an American “leap 
into history” that meant empire. A host 
of American painters bought into the 
myth of Manifest Destiny, painting the 
big picture of the wilderness and di- 
minishing, if not altogether obliterating, 
the presence of the original members of 
this “new” paradise, the American In- 

Hnghes’s chapter on early modernism 
is exceptionally well-hewn and rich in 
detail He tells the familiar story, for 
example, of die 1913 Armory Show in all 
its glorious confusion, but he manages to 
open a fresh vein of thought by high- 
lighting the participation of die elderly 
Albert Pinkham Ryder. He was presented 
as a secular saint by the show’s organ- 
izers and prominently displayed. Despite 
his many shortcomings, which Hughes 
thoroughly reviews (ms poor technique, 
feeble drawing and general sentiment- 
ality, except in the marine paintings), 
Ryder seemed to the dispirited American 
modernists a kind of native prophet, the 
only painter who could sound an au- 
thentic “American” note. 

R yder is among a dozen artists to 
whom Hughes devotes his critical 
energies. Others are John Singer Sargent 
(not as bad as we thought), Winslow 
Homer (a lot better than we thought), 
Georgia O’Keeffe (truly flawed), and 
Frank Lloyd Wright (a giant). These 
miniature monographs are excellent, as 
are some of his thumbnail judgments. 
Take the late Willem de Kooning: “One 
sees him as the consummate anti -Du - 
champ, a permanent relief from over- 
theonzed art and from excess self-con- 
scious irony, a man exhiJaratingly in 
touch with the body of paint and tiie body 
of the worid.” 

Hughes's closing remarks are almost 
uniformly pessimistic about our moral 
and aesthetic condition, and he ends his 
book. — as he says, with regret — with 
two quotations. The first is from WJ5. , 
Yeats — “the best lack all conviction, 
while the worst/ Are full of passionate 
intensity” — and the second, which, he 
notes, is equally durable — Scarlett 
O'Hara’s “tomorrow is another day.” 

Dore Ashton, a professor of art his- 
tory and the author of 25 books on the 
arts in the 20th century, wrote this for 
The Washington Post. ' 


By Alan Truscott 
y — 

a?pO get the full flavor of the 
i. diagramed deal, you must 
cover the East and South 
faands and consider West’s 
‘defensive problem. You have 
-raised your partner’s ihree- 
.fliamond opening to five, and 
nhe opponents have settled in 
,six hearts. You lead the ace of 
‘diamonds, and to your aston- 
tishment this wins the trick. 
-Dummy discards a spade, and 
-your partner plays the dia- 
fmond five and Smith the dia- 
imood eight. 

This was the weirdest prob- 

-lem in the Vanderbilt Knock- 
-6ur recently. Why did not de- 
clarer, who is one erf the 
^world’s best players, niff the 
diamond ace? 

None of the experts who 
were polled solved the prob- 
lem. They aD stated that there 
could be no hurry to cash the 
club ace because that could 
not go away anywhere. Usu- 
ally the choice was a second 
diamond, with the idea that if 
the first diamond annoyed the 
declarer, a second diamond 
might be equally annoying. 

This proved to be fatal. As 
the full layout shows. Sod* 
was able to win with the king, 
draw trumps and make his 
slam, thanks to possession of 
a seven -card spade suit that 
astonished die other players. 

Notice that if West had 
chosen to lead the club ace, he 
would have had to follow with 

the diamond ace, another neat-’ 
obvious ptey. To beat the slam, 
it is necessary for West to play 

both his aces, in either order. 

So why was South playing 
in a foolish six hearts instead 
of six spades? 

North and South were Paul 
Soloway and Bob Goldman, 
multi-world champions who 
were on their way to victory 
in the event as members of the 
Richard Schwartz team. 

Solo way intended five no- 
trump as a request to pick a 
slam in any unbid suit. Gold- 
man thought tiie bid showed a 
two-suiter in clubs and hearts, 
much as it would in the mod- 
em style, if one diamond is 
overcalled with two no-trump. 
He picked hearts, reaching a 
wrong contract. Instead of the 
easy six spade bid. 

The unfortunate West was 
Steve Weinstein, and he, too, 
did not solve the problem by 

cashing the club ace. As a 
result, his team lost its 
quarterfinal match by one 
heartbreaking imp. 

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Patricia Wells 
At Home in Provence 

Recipes Inspired by Her Farmhouse in France 

For the past thirteen years. 
Patricia Wells has been carrying on a 
love affair not with an individual, but 
with a region of France, a centuries-old 
stone farmhouse, and a cuisine. Now. 

In a cookbook that captures the soul of 
modem regional French cooking, the 
award-winning journalist and author 
invites readers to share the passion, 
the joy. and. best of all. tbe cooking of 
her adopted home. 

Provence is uniquely blessed with 
natural beauty as well as some of the 
world's most, appealing foods and liveli- 
est wines. Patricia's culinary skills have 
transformed the signature ingredients 
of this quintessential French country- 
side Into recipes so satisfying and 
exciting they will instantly become part 
of your dally repertoire. 

Here are 175 recipes from 
Patricia's farmhouse kitchen. As you 
read and cook from this book, gener- 
ously illustrated with the captivating 
color pictures of famed photographer 
Robert Freson. you will feel as if you 
have actually joined Patricia Weils in 
her beloved stone farmhouse, and her 
passion for the foods, flavors, and peo- 
ple of Provence will become yours. 

Patricia Wells has lived in France 
since 1 980. where she is the restaurant 
critic for the International Herald 
Tribune. She is the author of five best- 
selling books: The Food Lowrls Guide 
to Paris. The Food Lover's Guide to 
France. Bistro Cooking. Simply French. 
and Patricia Wells' Trattoria. 

PAGE 10 



Mysterious Attacks Mimic Severe Allergic Reactions 

BvJaneF RmHv Diagnosis? Idiopathic anaphylaxis, a 

i. wr«S potentially fatal condition that resembles 

an anergic attack but lacks the hallmark 

EW YORK — The attacks of a true allergy: the presence of anti- 
can be terrifying, mimicking bodies to an innocent substance that the 

can be terrifying, mimicking 

more than anyone else in the world. He Ii is not k 
said that in all these cases he had been occur each 
unable to find an allergen that would the correct 
explain the attacks. been made. 

Based on a survey of 75 allergists terson has t 

It is not known how many such deaths 

allergen bidden in one of the foods, like rej^Shaving an 

n« n 7,t Inlff&r In a C/Vin nr SU>W. Ot an When me PCTSOO 5- 

been made. Bat of the patients Dr. Pat- 
terson has treated since he described the 


cold orfoeuse of medication? Could the stgps ot ^ ^differentiated ; 

Derson have been bitten or stung by an dttton is aiagp osot which re- i 

the severe anaphylactic reac- body for a mortal enemy. trained at Northwestern, Dr. Patterson first case of idiopathic anaphylaxis in 

lion that can occur in people 
allergic to peanuts, shellfish or bee 
venom. In addition to widespread hives, 
itching and facial swelling, there are often 
dizziness, loss of consciousness and life- 

No external explanation can be found and his cofieagi 
for the attacks, no matter how carefully a 47,000 Americ* 
patient is questioned and is tested for from idiopathic 
reactions to foods, chemicals. latex or ornate that up to 
other triggers of severe allergic responses, see allergists for 

and his colleagues calculated that up to 1978, only one has died because of the 

person have been bitten or stung by an dttton w ^ c j 1 re_, 

insect? Could there have been some an- somatoform jn^oy medication, ' 

47,000 Americans are known to suffer condition. The patient was a man who 

threatening symptoms like swelling of Hence the term “idiopathic," which 

from idiopathic anaphylaxis. Others es- 
timate that up to half of the patients who 
see allergists for episodes of anaphylaxis 
are found to have idiopathic anaphylaxis, 

had been hospitalized more than 100 
times for attacks that had been mis- 
diagnosed as asthma. 

insect? Could there have been some an- sm not medication, •. 

recognized exposure of ibe bloodstream q™f psycho±^py. 

tote -daringly, for example, of idiopathic anybyl- : 

there is no Jt usually determined » ’* ■ 

the mouth and throat, difficulty breathing means “of unknown or spontaneous on- a diagnosis that is decidedly increasing. 

In idiopathic anaphylaxis, there is no 15 r ^ attacks. If* . 

consisted relationship between such ex- quency and p pt y tymn- 1 jr 

w rtvx nf attacks. If a hives or facial redness is r 


*« f ° r , 


and plummeting blood pressure. Other 
symptoms may include sneezing, a runny 
nose, flushing of the skin, nausea, vomit- 
ing, diarrhea and abdominal pain. 

Yet in questioning patients and testing 
for sensitivity to known allergens, doctors 
can find no allergy-based explanation for 

gin/ ' Nonetheless, in idiopathic anaphyl- 
axis, histamine and other chemicals that 
can disrupt life -sustaining body functions 
are released throughout the body. 

Dr. Roy Patterson, director of the al- 
lergy program at Northwestern Uni- 
versity Medical School in Evanston, 

But Dr. Patterson says most cases of ■ is known medically as a diagnosis 
idiopathic anaphylaxis are undiagnosed H of exclusion, ha other words, the 
or misdiagnosed, with the patients ■ doctor must first explore and elim- 
labeled as having asthma or unspecified inate every other possible explanation 

the attacks, which may occur once a year Illinois, has studied the condition for 30 

or as often as five times a day. 

years and treated more than 500 patients. 

food allergies. Because these patients 
are not receiving the kind of treatment 
that can reduce or even eliminate the 
problem, they remain at risk of dying 
from an anaphylactic attack. 

for die attacks. 

The first step is to take a detailed 

formed. But in cases of idiopathic ana- 
phylaxis, either the tests turn out neg- 
ative or, if positive, the allergen in 

history of the timing and circumstances question is unrelated to the attacks. 

of each episode. Did it occur after eat- 
ing? If so, what was eaten? Was there an 

The doctor also needs to verify the ~ ; 

symptoms. Is there objective evidence dition in remission and ends me anacKs. _ 

injectable epinephrine, a hormone se-, 
crated by the adrenal glands. 

For people with frequent ot severe* 
attacks. Dr. Patterson devised a course of, 
treatment foal in most cases puts tbe con-; 

,-Kar tan# 

A Greener, Warmer Green Belt 

By William K. Stevens 

New fori Tima Sr nice 

EW YORK — The Earth's 
northern latitudes have be- 
come about 10 percent green- 
er since 1980, thanks to more 
vigorous plant growth associated with 
warmer temperatures and higher levels 
of atmospheric carbon dioxide, scientists 
report after analyzing data gathered by 
sensors aboard weather satellites. 

The researchers found that the 
heightened greening occurred from 
1981 to 1991 in the peak summer grow- 
ing months of July and Augusr north of 
the 45th parallel. This tine, halfway 
from the Equator to the North Pole, runs 
through or near Yellowstone National 
Park, Minneapolis, Ottawa, Boston, 
Bordeaux. Belgrade and Vladivostok. 
North of the line tie vast North Amer- 
ican and Russian wheat belts, and tbe 
new findings may therefore have im- 
portant implications for agriculture in a 
warming world. 

Not only are the northern climes 
greener, they are also green longer, ac- 
cording to the new findings. The sci- 
entists affirmed an earlier report that 
spring on average is arriving about a 
week earlier. Fall comes a bit later, the 
researchers found, making the growing 
season on average 12 days longer, give 
or take 4 days. The new findings are 
reported in the current issue of the jour- 
nal Nature by Dr. Ranga B. Myneni, a 
biologist and climate researcher at Bos- 
ton University, and four colleagues. 

Dr. Myneni said further analysis 
since foe study was completed had 
found that both the enhanced greening 
and foe longer growing seasons con- 
tinued through 1994. 

The increase in plant growth was not 
in itself so surprising to experts, but its 
magnitude was. Ten percent is “a very 
large number,” said Dr. Inez Fung, a 
climate expert at foe National Aero- 
nautics and Space Administration's 
Goddard Institute for Space Studies in 
New York, who wrote a commentary on 
the study in Nature. 

Calling the finding “extremely ex- 
citing and provocative, ' ' she said it was 
the first direct observation that plant 
growth had increased over such a wide 
area over so long a period. 

Bui she also expressed what she 
called scientific skepticism, calling the 
10 percent figure “a hard number to 
explain.” The reason, she said, is that 
foe increase is far greater than would be 
expected to result from an observed 4 
percent increase in atmospheric carbon 
dioxide, which stimulates plant growth 
by spurring photosynthesis. Atmo- 
spheric concentrations of the gas have 
been increasing as a result of foe burn- 
ing of fossil fuels like coal and oil. 

A wanning climate may help account 
for the difference. Besides stimulating 
plant growth, carbon dioxide traps heat 
in foe atmosphere. Mainstream clima- 
tologists say that growing concentra- 
tions of the gas are probably responsible 
for at least part of an average global 
wanning of about 1 degree Fahrenheit 

over the last century. The wanning has 
been substantially greater ax higher lat- 
itudes; Dr. Myneni put it at more than a 
degree Fahrenheit per decade in recent 
decades. And while he stopped short of 
attributing the wanning to any human 
cause, he said the new northern green- 
ness was probably linked to it. 

“The wanning we are seeing in high 
latitudes has contributed to this plain 
growth,” he said. 

The warmth is particularly pro- 
nounced, be said, in the winter and 
spring. Earlier studies have established 
that decreased snow cover has accom- 
panied the high-latitude warming. They 
have also shown that a more extensive 
melting of snow in the spring allows foe 

Satellite data shown on the map below indicate regions showing the greatest percentage increases in i 

that the photosynthetic activity of terrestrial vegetative index, averaged for the growing season, tie 

vegetation increased over a nine-year period in between 45 degrees North a nd 70 degrees Norm. 

a manner suggesting an ion- wZ wcrease w 

increase in plant growth total vegetation fob 

increase in plant growth 
associated with a longer 
active growing 
season. The / 

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ground to absorb more solar energy, 
thereby giving an extra boost to spring- 

thereby giving an extra boost to spring- 
time temperatures. This, said Dr. 
Myneni, could be causing plants to 
L ‘green up* ’ earlier, get a better start and 
therefore produce more vegetation. 

20* West V- 


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L AST year. Dr. Charles D. 
Keeling of tbe Scripps Insti- 
tution of Oceanography in San 
Diego reported that an earlier 
spring was reflected in foe seasonal rise 
and fall of atmospheric carbon dioxide 

levels. When living plants drop their 
leaves in winter, levels of the gas in- 
crease. The levels drop in foe spring 
when the plants regain their leaves. Tbe 
earlier spring was revealed in these fluc- 
tuations, Dr. Keeling and colleagues 
determined. Dr. Keeling is also an au- 
thor of the new study. 

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trial subscription. 

You and Your Id: Searching for Roots of the Self 



By Natalie Angier 

New York Tuna Service 


Save up 

EW YORK — The self 
is like an irritating tele- 
vision jingle: you cannot 
get it out of your head. 
Whatever you do on this blue planet 
with your allotted three score and 
ten, whatever you taste, embrace, 
leam or create, all will be filtered 
through foe self. Even sleep offers 
no escape, for who is it that struts 
through foe center of every dream 
but you, yourself and id? 

Call it self-awareness, self-iden- 
tity, mind, consciousness, or even 
soul, but the sense of self, of being a 
particular individual set apart from 
others, seems intrinsic to the human 
condition. After all. Homo sapiens 
have large brains, and they are aw- 
fully good at taking stock of their 
surroundings. Sooner or later, they 
were bound to notice themselves, 
and the impermeable physical bar- 
rier between themselves and others. 

The invention of personal pronouns, 
philosophy and large-pore illumin- 
ating mirrors was bound to follow. 

Yet as natural and inevitable as 
human self-awareness may seem, 
evolutionary biologists and psychol- 
ogists do not take its existence for 
granted. Instead, they are asking de- 
ceptively simple questions that cut to 
the core of selfhood. Among them: 
What good is foe self, anyway? Has 
self-awareness been selectikl by 
evolutionary pressures, or is it, to 
borrow a phrase from Stephen Jay 
Gould, a “glorious accident,” foe 
byproduct of a large intelligence that 
allows humans to build tools and 
otherwise manipulate their environ- 
ment? Might humans not fare just as 
well operating like computers, 
which do their jobs without mulling 
over why they are here? 

The quest to understand the evo- 
lution of the self is part of the much 
larger and very fashionable study of 
consciousness, which has spawned 
enough scientific symposiums, Web 

sites and books to render even die 
most diligent student unconscious. 
Bur most consciousness research fo- 
cuses on so-called proximate mech- 
anisms. the question of how the 
brain knows itself and which neural 
pathways and patterns of synaptic 
firings might underlie self-aware- 
ness. Evolutionary researchers con- 
cern themselves with ultimate mech- 
anisms, the whys and wherefores of 
self. They are taking a phylogenetic 
approach, seeking to understand 
when self-awareness arose in the 
evolutionary past, whether other 
species have a sense of self, and if so, 
how it can be demonstrated, 

A number of biologists now sus- 
pect that a robustly articulated sense 
of self, far from being an after- 
thought of abundant cortical tissue, 
is very much tbe point of tbe human 
brain. They propose that conscious- 
ness allows h umans to manipulate 
the most important resource of all — 
themselves — and to use the in- 
vented self as a tool to advance their 

own interests among their peers. 
This theory, in turn, suggests that 
the sense of self, of being set apart 
like an island afloat in a dark cosmic 
sea. paradoxically may have arisen, 
because humans evolved in a highly 
interdependent group. 

T HE rudiments of selfhood 
are as ancient as foe 
plasma membrane, the 
greasy coating that sep- 
arates one single-celled organism 
from another. “Even something as 
simple as an amoeba has a boundary 
between the self and foe outside 
world,” said Dr. David Darting, a 
former computer researcher and au- 
thor of “Soul Search” (Villard 
Books, 1995) about the nature of 
seif-consciousness. “That physical 
and chemical border is the begin- 
ning of some kind of self.” Most 
creatures are sufficiently self-aware 
to place themselves first on their 
list. “It would be unlikely for an 
insect to start grooming a neigh- 

bor’s foot,” said Dr. May R. Ber-, 
enbaum, an entomologist at foe 
University of Illinois in Urban*- 
Champaign and author of “Bugs in. 
the System” (Addison-Wesley.: 
1995). “You wouldn’t want to 
waste energy promoting tbe welt 

Iwirwr nf OYmriwIv riw ’’ — 


r-V; ■ 

being of somebody else.” 

But it is one thing to have a foot- 
jerk preference for No. 1, and an- 
other to be conscious of that pref-* 
erence, or to have some sense of the 
seifs relationship to others. Dr; 
Stephen W. Forges, a neurobiology 
researcher at tbe University of 
Maryland in College Park, defines a 
sense of self as essentially self-ac- 
tualization, of acting upon the 
world rather tfaaD being acted on. " 

Dr. Porges uses the metaphor of 
emergence from foe Garden of 
Eden. “In the garden, food is avail- 
able, but there is no awareness of 
self,” he said- “When we leave thd 
garden, we must search for food, 
and we are aware of self. That is the 
forbidden knowledge.” 

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In Hale-Bopp’s Trail, 
Another Tail Appears 

By Malcolm W. Browne - 

Afmv York Tunes Service ■ * 

EW YORK — Comet Hale-Bopp, foe b right comet 
foat has delighted even the most casual stargazes 
in the last month, has surprised astronomers by 
sprouting a type of tail never detected in any 
previous comet. 

Isaac hfevSnSroup 

Isaac Newton 

Island^A team from foePadova Astronomical Observatory at 
Italy, Quceus University m Belfast and the La Palma teleswpe 
^oup found foe new tail while it was anafyzmo the soectral 
cbfflactensccs of foe light from the comeL ^ “ 

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ognt emiueo by sodium atoms. To 

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, like most comets, has two tails foat can be set# 

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A New Era 
Aloft for 

Romantic History, Modern Machinery 

The Zeppelin company is back In the 
airship business. Its newest model, left, 
has a simple, internal frame and 
swiveling propellers that can point up 
and down for takeoffs and landings and 
forward for cruising. 

German Firm Seeks 
- End of 60-Year Curse 

By Edmund L. Andrews 

r NewJorkTfma Service 

—It has heen almost 60 years sincelite 
Hindenburg exploded in’ a spectacular 1 
1 fireball over Lakcbmst, New Jersey, 
killing 37 crew members and passen- 
gers who had just completed a leis- 
urely flight across the Atlantic . 

Though the world has since seen 
scores of much bigger aviation ca- 
tastrophes, the Hmdenbtttg became 
forever synonymous with disast er in 
the popular mind and abruptly andwd 
the era of zeppelins. 

Until now — perhaps.. 

At an annual air show this week, the 
company founded here in 1908 by 
Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin was to 
unveil its first new zeppetin since die 
Hindenburg crash — one held aloft by 
helium, which is not inflammable, in- 
stead of hydrogen, which was used by 
the Hindenburg. 

It is a gleaming airship, almost as 
king as a football field and equipped 
with die latest aviation instrument- 
ation. An innovative design gives the 
airship a frame that is unusually light, 
but strong, the company says. 

Swiveling propellers, one on each 
side and two at the rear, swing straight 

down duringtakeoff and swing bade to 
a vertical position for cruising. Com- 
puter-aided maneuvering will allow 
tbe airship to rotate full circle white 
hovering in one spot. 

For the company, Luftschiffbau 
Zeppelin, the craft marks its first at- 
tempt to re-enter the airship business, 
which it abandoned 60 years ago in 
favor of the relative obscurity of other 
kinds of manufacturing. 

Workers at a giant hangar here are 
still racing to finish the assembly in 
time for tbe air show, and die airship 
will not actually be ready to fly until 
summer at die earliest. 

Company executives say tbe new 
craft, called Zeppelin NT, will be far 
more than a throwback to an earlier 
time. They say it will be faster than a 
blimp (unlike zeppelins, blimps do not 
have rigid or semirigid frames). They 

N.Y. Times News Service 

also say it will be as maneuverable as a 
helicopter and infinitely more fun for 
sightseeing than an airplane. 

A company brochure touts die idea 
of a “very exclusive, but gentle and 
environmentally friendly tourism 1 ' 
made possible by tbe Zeppelin NT. 

To be sure, the aircraft industry is 
not bracing for a dogfight. With a top 
speed of only 90 miles an hour and a 
capacity of 12 passengers, the new 
zeppelin win be a niche vessel for 
tourists or scientific payloads. 

The craft will also be more modest 
tfifln die older zeppelins: Passengers 
will not have access to a pi anohar or to 
sleeping bays, like those on the 
Hindenburg, nor wifi they be able to 
cross the Adantic. At about 240 feet, 
the Zeppelin NT is only about one- 

See ZEPPELIN, Page 13 

Disney Profit Rose 6% in Quarter 

Theme Parks and Filins Led Gain as Sales Jumped 9.8°/o 

CcnfUrd In Om Staff FrauDaptad** 

BURBANK, California — Record at- 
tendance at theme parks, strong sales of 
“Bambi” vidbocasettes and higher 
broadcasting revenue helped Walt Dis- 
ney Co. earn $333 million in the quarter 
ended March 3 1 , up 6 percent from a year 
earlier, the company said Wednesday. 

The global entertainment conglom- 
erate's sales rose 9.8 percent to $5.48 
billion from $4.99 billion a year ago. 

Tbe results show a company gaining 
momentum in its main businesses: 
theme parks, film and video. The 
lackluster performance of its ABC tele- 
vision network, which just posted the 
two lowest ratings weeks ever among 
the big three networks, was a sour note 
in Disney’s earnings. 

The results sent Disney’s share price 
up 75 cents to $79 in trading on Wed- 

"The report looked very strong,” 
said Jill Krutick, an analyst at Smith 
Barney. Disney has “excellent oper- 
ating momentum. 1 * 

Michael Eisner, chairman and chief 
executive officer of Disney, said die 
company made the most money from its 
"creative content” division, and that 
merchandise licensing related to Dis- 
ney’s films continued to grow. 

Revenue at the creative division, 
which includes film and video, rose 9 

percent to $2.8 billion, with operating 
income up 56 percent to $390 million. 

Much of the profit came from the 
overseas releases of such movies as 
“The English Patient," “Ransom," 
“101 Dalmatians” and “Evita.” 

"The English Patiem,” released by 
Disney’s Miramax unit, won nine 
Academy Awards last month, including 
best picture. 

In the United States, Disney's biggest 
hit in the quarter was Tim Allen's 
“Jungle 2 Jungle.” which grossed 
about 548 milli on in the first quarter. 

Other successes came from Disney's 
video release of its classic “Bambi” 
film and international sales of its ‘ ‘Toy 
Story” and “The Hunchback of Notre 
Dame” videos. 

Disney also benefited from revenue 
from the merchandising of products re- 
lated to “101 Dalmatians” and “Win- 
nie the Pooh.” 

“Our theme park business continues 
to deliver excellent results with record 
attendance levels, led by Walt Disney 
World wtucb is celebrating its 25th an- 
niversary,” Mr. Eisner said. “Strong 
performance from ESPN was also a 
significant factor in the company's 
overall results.” 

Theme park revenue increased 14 per- 
cent to $1.2 billion, while operating profit 
gained 17 percent to $236 million. 

The 25th anniversary of the com- 
pany’s Walt Disney World park in Flor- 
ida helped drive up attendance. Tbe 
results also include revenue from its 
Disney Boardwalk and hotel attraction 
which opened last year. 

The company’s broadcasting divi- 
sion saw revenue increase 9 percent to 
$1 .5 billion, with operating income up 
1 8 percent to $238 million. 

Tbe results were helped from reduc- 
tions in program amortization and other 
costs related to the acquisition of Cap- 
ital Cities/ ABC last year. 

Tbe gains in that and its cable chan- 
nels, including ESPN, were offset some 
by ABC, Disney said. 

The problems at ABC, along with the 
one-time gains in the division, will 
make it difficult to post increases in 
broadcasting next quarter, analysts 

The year-ago results were restated to 
include ABC, which was acquired in 
February 1996. 

Including charges of $300 million for 
accounting changes and $225 milli on 
related to the ABC acquisition, Disney 
bad a loss of $25 million, or 4 cents. 

For the fiscal six months, earnings for 
Disney, based in Burbank. California, 
rose to $ 1 .08 billion from $58 1 million a 
year ago. Revenue rose to $1 1 .76 billion 
from $10.88 billion. ( Bloomberg, AP ) 

Prince Goes Hollywood 

Saadi Purchases Stake to Add 34 Restaurants 

iimmunoNAL manager 

Is Viaco 

on Too Much? 


1 By Geraldine Fabrikant 

• New York Tunes Service 

} NEW YORK — Sumner Redstone, 
$ead of Viacom'Ioc., may be a media 
mogu L But how g ood an ex ecutive is 
fie? ■ 

That was the question on Wall Street 
this week fcs Viacom's stock plunged an 
news of an ovetiuud of foe company’s 
Blockbuster Entertainment Gnxqi video 
business. Viacom said that it would sell 
stock in Blockbuster, although the 
amount had not been determined 
- ■ v When Mr. Redstone bought Block- 
buster Entertainment Group in 1994 as a 
V ; . cash generator in bis ultimately suc- 
cessfid takeover fight for Paramount 
~ Communications, no one on Wall Street. 
/..“.A could assess his ability to run a giant 
“ media company. 

- After all, formost of his career he had 
’ run — almost angtehandedly — one of 
the United Stales’ largest theaterchams. 
National Amusement Imx, and had 
taken the same hands-on approach after 
„ that company acquired Viacom in the 
‘ - r j late 1980s. The small marp behind Mm 
was virtually unknown in the larger 
entertainment business. 

" . Still, after the Paramount takeover, 

time was initial reason for industry op- 
' fonisnx. Mr. Redstone sought out highly 
regarded media executives Tike Frank 
Biondi and was willing to pay corn- 

most widely respected executives in 

But that was then, and this is now. 
And foe financial community is skep- 
tical of Mr. Redstone's stewardship. 

Geraldine Layboume, foe creator of 
TCaselo dash; leffm 1996 ; despite ef- 
forts to retain hear. Mr. Biondi, foe chief 
executive, was dismissedeady last year: 
’And on Tuesday, Bill Reids, a former 
executive of Wal-Mart Stores hnx, 
resigned as Blockbuster’s chairman 
after only 13 months, citing a desire to 
return to general retailing. 

' Even Mr. Redstone himself had a 
gloomy assessment of Mr. Relds’s 
fleeting stint at Blockbuster. “It is a 
failure, I suppose,” he said in a tele- 
phone interview. 

And Mr. Redstone’s people-handling 
are not the only issue. Tbe com- 
pany’s announcement Tuesday that it 
was revising its cash-flow estimates for 
Blockbuster down to a decline of 15 
percent or more — after estimating a dip 
of only 5 percent just three weeks earlier 
— helped send Viacom's already de- 
pressed class B shares down $3.75, to 
$27.25. They fell 87.50 cents further, to 
$26375, on Wednesday. 

"We have lowered our estimates so 
many times for Viacom in the past year 
that we have little confidence in foe 
company’s ability to meet its operating 
budgets/’ Jessica Reif, a Merrill Lynch 
analyst, wrote in a report. 

Another Wall Street analyst, speak- 

ing on condition of anonymity, said the 
announcements raised troubling new 
questions about whether Viacom reaDy 
had a handle on its basic operations. 

“In Hollywood, management 
turn over is a regular part of business,” 
foe analyst said. “I don’t think that is so 
much tiie problem as the numbers.” 

Mr. Redstone said that he himselfhad 
been surprised by the revised cash-flow 

“I was shocked when I got the num- 
bers so soon that were so different than 
foe numbers we bad been given,” be 
said. He blamed, in part, Blockbuster’s 
recent relocation from Fart Lauderdale, 
Florida, to Dallas for foe disparity. 

He also implicitly criticized Mr. 
Fields for tbe cash-flow disparity. “In 
any well-run company,” Mr. Redstone 
said, “foe way to get the numbers is 
from foe manager of tbe division.” 

People familiar with the company 
said that there was some management 
unrest within Viacom itself because Mr. 
Redstone was so intensely involved in 
running foe business, and that his two 
top lieutenants — Philippe Damnan and 
Tom Dooley — had been steadily in- 
creasing their influence and making it 
harder for other executives to get to Mr. 

Investors will be asking whether Mr. 
Redstone, in clinging stage 73 to tbe jobs 
of president, chief executive and chair- 
man, might Ire spreading himself and the 
management of Viacom for too thin. 

CompiMln Our Staff Fnm DtspacAa 

NEW YORK — Planet Hollywood 
International Inc. has formed an alliance 
with Prince Walid ibn TalaJ of Saudi 
Arabia. The prince will develop 34 
Planet Hollywood restaurants in 23 
countries in foe Middle East and 

The company said Tuesday that 
Prince Walid initially intends to open 
Planet Hollywood restaurants in Brus- 
sels, Athens, Cairo. Lisbon, Budapest 
and Istanbul. 

He has also obtained foe rights to 
develop Official All Star Cafe restaur- 
ants and Planet Hollywood Super- 

Prince Walid, who is one of Saudi 
Arabia's richest men. has also bought 1 
percent of foe company’s common 
stock. That purchase, along with fran- 
chise fees and restaurant construction 
costs will put his total investment at 
more than $200 million over several 

The prince owns a number of luxury 
hotels around tbe world as well as a 
stake in foe Four Seasons hotel chain. 
He is also a large investor in Euro Dis- 
ney and a partner in Michael Jackson’s 
Kingdom Entertainment venture. 

Prince Walid recently bought more 
than 5 percent of Apple Computer, and 
is a major investor in Trans World Air- 
lines and Citicorp. 

“Our agreements with Prince Walid 
mark a major step in expanding the 
Planet Hollywood concept internation- 
ally,” said Robert Earl, Planet Hol- 
lywood’s president. 

Tbe prince said his decision to invest 
in tbe company was based on his belief 
that foe Planet Hollywood concept bad 
wide-reaching global appeal. 

“Planet Hollywood is a dynamic, 
well-managed company with exciting 
concepts that appeal to consumers in tbe 

Middle East and elsewhere around foe 
world,” he said. 

The company's initial investors in- 
cluded the Hollywood personalities 
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Brace Willis, 
John Hughes and Sylvester Stallone. 

Planet Hollywood said Wednesday 
that its first-quarter profit rose to $103 
million, or 10 cents a share, from $3.4 
million, or 4 cents, a year earlier. 

Shares in the company rose $2.75, to 
$18,875 in late trading Wednesday. 

Tbe company went public a year ago 
at $18 per share, which is what Prince 
Walid paid for Ms stake. The shares hit a 
low of $13,625 in February. 

Planet Hollywood now has 57 res- 
taurants. 37 percent of wMch are fran- 

By (he end of next year, tbe company 
expects to have 1 19 in operation with 45 
percent franchised. 

Wayne Daniels, an analyst with Sch- 
roder Wertheim, said tbe prince’s ex- 
perience in tbe leisure industry and con- 
nections in foe Middle East means 
Planet Hollywood will expand where it 
otherwise would not have. 

“There’s an increased confidence 
that franchise targets will be hit with 
such a powerful partner in the field,” he 

In addition to expanding its main 
restaurant business. Planet Hollywood 
is capitalizing on its brand name with 
merchandise-only stores, a so-called af- 
finity credit card, a Planet Hollywood 
Barbie and a movie trivia game. 

“It's an exciting development,” said 
Steven Rockwell, an analyst with Alex 
Brown, of foe prince’s investment. “Ir 
will most likely accelerate' ’ Planet Hol- 
lywood's unit growth and therefore will 
boost earnings growth. 

A nephew of King Fahd, Prince Wal- 
id 's wealth has been estimated at $10 
billion. (NYT, Bloomberg ) 

Stock Shines 
As Profit Falls 
At Sunbeam 

CtmpStd by Oar Staff Ftert Dnpac/a 

DELRAY BEACH, Florida — 
Sunbeam Corp. said Wednesday 
that its first-quarter profit had 
plunged 60 percent because of tbe 
cost of cutting businesses and half 
its work force, but Wall Street bid 
up the appliance maker's stock, cit- 
ing promising growth in revenue. 

Sunbeam, the maker of Oster 
blenders, Mixmaster mixers and 
other small appliances, earned $6.9 
million, down from $17.4 million 
last year. The latest figures in- 
cluded a $14 million charge for 
discontinued operations. 

Revenue rose 10 percent, to $254 

The revenue figures surpassed 
Wall Street expectations, and Sun- 
beam shares were quoted at $32.75, 
up $1,125, in afternoon trading. 

“The turnaround is on track.” 
said Constance Maneaty, a Bear 
Stearns analyst in New York. “If 
they can maintain the sales growth, 
it looks like a good year. ” 

Sunbeam’s chairman, A1 Dun- 
lap, who is known as “Chainsaw 
Al ” for his love of cost-cutting, did 
not comment about progress in hir- 
ing an investment banker to either 
build the company through acqui- 
sitions or sell Sunbeam, when he 
spoke with analysts during a con- 
ference call. 

Instead, he said, “We are fo- 
cused on building foe business and I 
believe the best is yet to come.” 

Sunbeam said international rev- 
enue rose 15 percent, with growth 
strong in C ana da , Latin America 
and East Asia. Domestic sales from 
continuing operations rose 13 per- 
cent {AP. Reuiers) 

IMF Sees Upbeat Future for Expanding World Economy 

By Brian Knowlton 

In ternational HeraldTribune 

International Monetary Fund 
on Wedn e sday painted a par- 
ticularly rosy picture for tbe 
World economy, predicting 
some of tbe fastest growth 
tales seen in nearly a decade. 
■; But the Fund, m its semi- 
annual World Economic Out- 
look report, warned of a few 

doads on foe horizon: tbe 
possibility of a destabili zi ng 
new drop in prices on world 
stock markets, and foe con- 
tinuing struggle of continent- 
al Europe to overcome record 
high unemployment. 

Nonetheless, the IMF saw 
few signs of foe “tensions 
and imbalance s th»» usually 
foreshadow significant 
downturns.” Inflation re- 
mains subdued, foe report 

said, fiscal imbalances are be- 
ing reduced, investment is up, 
arid exchange rates are not 
seriously out of line. 

The report, issued ahead of 
the spring meetings here of 
the IMF and its sister insti- 
tution, die Worfd Bank, poin- 
ted to global economic 
growth of 4 A percent in 1997 
and 1998 — the highest level 
since a 4.7 percent rise in 
1988. The world economy 


>lid growth in the United 
States and Britain will con- 
tinue to underpin world eco- 
nomic growth, the report said, 
while cautioning that both 
countries face the risk of re- 
emerging inflationary pres- 

Declines in stock market 
prices this year — by about 10 
percent in the United States 
— raise concerns of a steeper 


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fall, the report said, partic- 
ularly if resurging inflation 
brings a big rise in interest 

But Michael Mussa, direc- 
tor of the IMF research de- 
partment, said Wednesday 
that the fundamental under- 
pinnings of the U.S. stock 
market were “quite strong, 
and are getting stronger.” 

Unlike the situation in the 
late 1980s, the report noted, 
an overvaluation of asset 
prices did not appear to be a 
problem in most countries. 

“Tbe market does still 
seem a bit on the rich side,” 
Mr. Mussa said. But the re- 
covery of stock markets in the 
United States and elsewhere, 
along with strong earnings 
growth by U.S. corporations, 
show that “die risk of a large, 
cumulative downturn is prob- 
ably not all that great.” he 

The United States, the IMF 
report said, should grow by 3 
percent this year, following 
2.4 percent growth in 1996. 
and then slow to 22 percent 
next year. 

Britain is expected to re- 
gister growth of 33 percent 
mis year and 2.8 percent next, 
after 2.1 percent in 1996. 

Growth in Germany is pre- 
dicted to rise to 23 percent 
this year and 3 percent in 
1998, after 1.4 percent in 

Japan, however, was fore- 
cast to slow to 12 percent 
growth this year and 2.9 per- 
cent in 1998, after growing 
3.6 percent in 1996. 

Overall, the IMF estimat- 

ed, foe major industrial coun- 
tries will grow by 2.6 percent 
this year and next, up from 2.2 

The IMF foresees inflation 
remaining low in the indus- 
trialized countries, at 23 per- 
cent the lowest level in two 
decades. “There is no sig- 
nificant risk of a major uptick 
in inflation,” Mr. Mussa 

In foe developing coun- 
tries, growth picked up to 63 
percent in 1996 and is ex- 
pected to remain at that level 
in 1997, despite a moderate 
slowdown in parts of Asia. 

Overall, growth of 8 per- 
cent is foreseen in the newly 
industrialized Asian coun- 

The report said Russia and 
former Soviet bloc countries, 
making progress in their tran- 
sition to free -market econo- 
mies, were expected to re- 
gister growth of 3 percent this 
year and 5 percent in 1998. 

The report praised the 
United States for continuing 
to lead world growth but said 
the Federal Reserve might 
again oeed to raise interest 
rates slightly. Mr. Mussa pre- 
dicted a rise of 03 percentage 
point in 1997. 

The report cited serious 
concerns about record unem- 
ployment rates in some Euro- 
pean countries. “The grow- 
mg imbalance between the 
inactive population and those 
employed,” it said, “may re- 
quire further increases in 
already very heavy tax bur- 
dens,” undermining growth 
and living standards. 


The Corum Gold Coin Watch. An 
authentic $20 U.S. gold piece, first min- 
ted more than 100 years ago, is halved 
and an ultra-flat mechanical or quartz 
movement is cushioned inside. Heralded 
as one of the world’s great timepieces, it 
is prized as an heirloom to be passed on 
from generation to generation. 

Maitres Artisans d’Horlogerie 


for information write to Conan, ZjOl La Ouirx-deFonds, 

PAGE 12 



The Dow 

Gearing Up for On-Line Sales 

Hewlett-Packard to Buy YmFone for $1.18 Billion in Stock 

Technology Shares 
Outpace Blue Chips 

I plans 

Utei» Risi 


Colter in Deutsche marks 

• 120 

1-50 D J F M a \ 1,0 ' N ' D J ' f" ' M T ■■■ 
1996 1397 . 1996 1997 . 

1996 1997.. 1996 1997 j 

: Ctese'- . atemp&j 

1 «^84- g .«&% : 

• . ' 9C5317S- 


NEW YORK — Hewlett-Pack- 
ard Co. agreed Wednesday to buy 
VeriFone Inc., a leader in tech- 
nology for sending cash across the 
Internet, in a stock swap valued at 
$1.18 billion. 

Hewlett-Packard, the second 
biggest US. computer company, 
said the acquisition would enable 
it to sell a range of products and 
services to companies seeking to 
conduct on-line business. 

VeriFone, with $472 J million 
in revenue last year, is the leading 
U.S. maker of the small card read- 
ers used by retailers to verify credit 

But it also makes software that 
allows people in their home or 
office to download electronic cash 
from their bank accounts via tele- 

phone lines to “smart cards," 
which are plastic cards embedded 
with a computer chip. 

And it makes products that help 
bolster Internet security, such as 
keeping credit card numbers from 
falling into die wrong hands. 

The news sent VenFone's stock 
surging on the New York. Stock 
Exchange, rising £17.625, to 
$47.75, in late tracing. 

“VeriFone is well positioned in 
the upcoming shift to electronic 
commerce, and Hewlett has a lot of 
interest in that,'* said Stephen 
Dube, an analyst at Wasseretein 
Parella Securities. 

VeriFone shareholders will re- 
ceive one share of HP common 
stock for each of VeriFcrae's 233 
million shares of outstanding com- 
mon stock. The 5 1. 1 77 billion deal 

is valued at HP’s dosing stock 
price late Tuesday, at S50J50. 

Hewlett-Packard bad $31.4 bil- 
lion in revenue last year. It and 
other computer companies suds as 
International Business Machines 
Crap. are racing to stake out 
ground in the electronic-commerce 
market, which is expected to be a 
$95 billion business in the United 
States by the year 2000, according 
to International Data Corp. The 
Hewlett-Packard- VeriFone deal 
could give a big push to electronic 
commerce on the Internet, some 
analysts said. ’"To accelerate com- 
merce an the Internet you have to 
have central players,” said Mona 
Eraiba of Grama! & Co. 

The acquisition is expected to 
be completed this summer. 

CAP, Bloomberg ) 

■!: - 72 z& : .. ra-ipv- ■ +i£s 

Source; Bloomberg. Reuters 

luerarfxml Herald Tribune 

Saks and Isetan Bid for Barneys 

Very briefly: 

Quaker Oats Posts $1.1 Billion Loss 

By Seth Schiesel 

Nr*' York Times Service 

CHICAGO (APj — Quaker Oats Co. posted a $1.10 billion 
loss Wednesday for the first quarter due to its sale of the 
Snapple beverage business and said it had begun looking for a 

successor as chief executive to William Smith burg. 

Sales in the first quarter slipped to $1.20 billion from $1 .22 
billion in the first quarter of 1996 when Quaker had posted a 
profit of £32.2 million. 

Quaker said Mr. Smith burg, who is also chairman, had 
suggested it find a new chief executive. 

Quaker bought Snapple in 1994 for 5 1 .7 billion but sold the 
tea and fruit juice unit last month for $300 million, taking a 
$1.14 billion after-tax charge against the sale. 

In late trading, Quaker was up SI a share at $39.25. 

NEW YORK — Saks Holdings 
Inc. and Isetan Co. of Japan made 
their long-awaited bid for Barneys 
Inc., offering $290 million in cash 
and Saks stock for the troubled high- 
end retailer. 

The offer, made Tuesday, opens 
new rifts among the fragmented al- 
liances of companies fighting over 
the future of Barneys New York, 
which has been under bankruptcy 
protection since January 1996. 

The unsecured Barneys creditors 
immediately said they would reject 

the offer, declaring that it would 
unfairly favor Isetan, Barneys 's 
largest creditor, over them. 

Isetan resigned Tuesday from the 
official committee of Bameys's 
creditors, seeking an independent 
route to recoup its money. The move 
lets the stage for a bitter fight be- 
tween rival groups vying for control 
of Barneys. 

Saks Holdings, which would put 
up all of the cash and stock to acquire 
100 percent of Barneys, is the parent 
company of Saks Fifth Avenue, a 
luxury retailing icon that is an ob- 
vious potential retailing mate. And 
Isetan has invested more than $600 

million in Barneys smce 1989. 

But while the latest bid for 
Barneys is $50 million more than an 
unsuccessful offer made in Febru- 
ary by a Hong Kong company, the 
proposal earmarks most of the 
money — about $210 million — for 
Isetan and other secured creditors. 
Unsecured creditors, including 
Chase Manhattan Bank and the 
Bank of New York, would receive 
only 20 percent of the value of their 
clanns, which total about $350 mil- 
lion. Isetan would also receive an- 
nual rent of $15 million for the three 
Barneys stores in Manhattan, Chica- 
go and Beverley Hills. 

NEW YORK — Blue-chip stocks 
took a breather Wednesday after a 
posting sharp gains over tire pre- 
vious seven trading days, while the 
technology rladen Nasdaq compos- 
ice index moved significantly higher 
to make up lost ground. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age feU20.87 points, to 6,8 12.72, as 
declining issues narrowly outpaced 
advancing ones. The broader Stan- 
dard & Poor's 500 index slipped 
0.98 points, to 773.63. 

But the Nasdaq composite index 
rose 14.42 points, to 1 , 227 - 16 . That 
index, winch contains high-tech 
stocks ranging from the giants — 
Microsoft, Intel and Cisco Systems 
— to tiny start-up firms, had been 
left behind as investors poured 
money into blue-chip stocks. 

“Investors want companies with 
the fastest growth potential, and right 
now those are technology stocks," 
said Bob Freedman, an investment 
officer at John Hancock funds. 

Government bond prices felL 
The price of the benchmark 30-year 
issue fell 19/32 to 94 9/32. pushing 
its yield up to 7.09 percent from 
7.04 percent. 

The Dow rose 173 points on 
Tuesday, its largest point rise since 
Oct 21, 19S7, when the blue-chip 
average gained 186.84 points two 
days after plunging 508. The gain 
on Tuesday amounted to a rise of 
2.6 percent 

Still, analysts pointed out that tbe 
market's recent gains have bear ex- 
tremely narrow, resulting largely 

^sssssafe ifCo» i i ,an y 

for the first time m wo years.*® :j|l ^ 

for the first time m two yens * ■ 

points m the sub- 

seciuent 13 sessions. - 

^Increased rates raise the cost of 
corporals and consumer borrowing 
— potentially slowing <*««£-. 
omyV Higher rates also make 
_ mote attractive,-* 


1 4 out i 

'fir > 

as bonds ana ram* ; — 

5 % to 34W after Hie 
first-quarter eammgs of $2a $!uu«. 

reversing a loss in the pen<^ayear 

earlier. The announce ment addefl to . 


Lh ***** 


'athI wiMw t 
■' . ; *VT Ml 

• .. i* 

aaud I 

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from a blue-chip buying spree. 

The Dow has risen 7 percent in 

Bausch & Lomb to Cut 1,900 Jobs 

ROCHESTER, New York (API — Bausch & Lomb Inc., 
which had already spent 18 months cutting costs, said Wed- 
nesday that it would eliminate about 1 .900 jobs, or 13 percent 
of its work force, to reduce spending by $100 million. 

The cutbacks were announced wife first-quarter earnings, 
which plunged to $3.3 million from $22,5 million a year 
earlier. The company took one-time charges of $7.7 million for 
die restructuring and $6.8 million for discontinuing some lines 
of sunglasses. Sales fell 4 percent, to $451 .2 million. 

G-7 Jitters Undermine the Dollar 

• MobO Corp.'s first-quarter net profit rose 12 percent, to 
$826 million, as higher oil and natural gas prices and pro- 
duction levels overcame reduced profit from refining. 

• Chevron Corp.’s first-quarter net profit rose 35 percent, to 
$831 million, due to higher oil and natural gas prices. Sales 
rose 8 percent, to $1 1 .1 billion. 

• HFS Inc. will pay 30.9 million shares to acquire PHH 

Corp., up from the 28.7 million-share maximum it had agreed 
to. The bid values PHH at $1.6 billion. Bloomberg, afx 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — Tbe dollar 
slipped against several other major 
currencies in late trading Wednesday 
amid concern that officials from the 
world's leading industrialized coun- 
tries may call for a halt to its rally. 

Finance ministers and central 
bankers from the Group of Seven — 
Britain, Canada, France, Germany, 
Italy, Japan and the United States — 
meet Sunday in Washington. The 
group indicated in February that the 
dollar had already risen enough, and 
some traders expect a more forceful 
statement this weekend. 

Tbe dollar closed at 1.7J35 
Deutsche marks, down from 1.7161 
DM on Tuesday. It slipped to 
126.050 yen from 126325. 

The Bundesbank, in its 1996 an- 
nual report, suggested Wednesday 


that Germany did not want its cur- 
rency to weaken further. The central 
bank said the dollar's rebound had 
"fully corrected” the rally that had 
lifted the mark to a post- World War 
H high against the dollar in 1995. 

Japanese officials have suggested 

they are prepared to sell dollars to 
lift the yen. As the G-7 meeting 
approaches, traders worry that other 
countries may join in that effort 

"Coming into the G-7 meeting, 
people are a little bit nervous about 
what kind of statement will be is- 
sued," said Bob McEntee, a cur- 
rency trader at CoreS cates Bank in 

Against other majo r cu rrencies, 
the dollar slipped to 5.7775 French 
francs, from 5.7905 francs. It rose to 
1.4625 Swiss francs from 1.4620. 
The pound fell to $1.6230 from 

the last eight sessions, and is up 6 
percent so far this year, while the 
Nasdaq composite and the Russell 
2000, a small -stock index, have 
lagged. The Nasdaq is down 5 per- 
cent on the year, while fee Russell 
2000 has lost 6.7 percent. 

Wednesday’s gains, like Tues- 
day’s, were driven by better-fean- 
expected earnings reports from 
such companies as Walt Disney, 
Hilton Hotels and United Technol- 
ogies. But the positive eammgs sur- 
prises were offset by concern feat 
fee Federal Reserve Board will 
raise interest rates next month. 

'Today's earnings reports con- 
firm that profits are craning in above 
expectations, but earnings growth 
may be peaking,” said John Nieden- 
boger, a fund manager with Ad- 
vanced Investment Management. 
"And if fee Fed has to raise rates, 
that becomes more important than 
profits. The market usually goes 

a string of good earnings reports^ 
from airlines, and the Dow Jong 
transportation index jumped 44.tj9 
points to 2,58035. us second- 
straight record close. 

Stock in Hilton Hotels rose 1 vs to. 
26% after the company posted a 76 
jump in first-quarter profit, to 5 >to 
million as revenue rose 36 percent, 
to $13 billion. _ 

Intel shares rose 5 1 3/1 6 to 146W 
after tbe chipraaker said it would 
announce new manufacturing sites 
every six months to keep up wife- 
demand. Intel also said it woultT 
increase investment in networking 
products. _ 

International Business Machines 
shares rose 3 to 143 amid expec- 
tations feat it would post higher- 
first-quarter earnings as revenue’ 
from its services business helps off-5, 
set a drop in mainframe sales and 
the effect of a strong dollar. 

Shares in the network software i 
company Novell feU 1 13/16 to 7Vfc 
feD after it said it would report - ; 
disap pointing results for its second* 
quarter. ? 

Pharmacia & Upjohn shares' 
plunged 4% to 30, then lowest levels 
since fee company was formed a* 
year and a half ago, after the drug-* 
maker warned for fee third time in-* 
12 months that profit would be be- 1 
low expectations. 

Saks Holdings plummeted 9% to* 
20 after fee high-end retailer said 1 
lower-than -expected sales would* 
runs* eammgs to fall well short of 

»“ - ----- mint Kiri . 

-. t:\| 

V?. \k * 

•i ■ 

; Uirideti 


ViLvir ioam 



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estimates. The company's joint bid* 
wife Isetan of Japan for Barneys! 
also created concern. < 

Nynex stock rose Vi to 4AVi after! 
fee New York telephone company; 
said first-quarter profit rose 12 per-- 
cent $403.1 milium as it installed: 
more lines and added wireless cus-; 
tomere. ( Bloomberg. AP. NYT, IHT ji 

. -j .• « t: 3i •» • 




Wednesday's 3 PM. 

The top 300 most odfw shares. 
The Associated 

sain ttfpk low urn emu Indexes 

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JwM SJ0 5680 57X0 +813 M 35 

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Stock Tables Explained 

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vueetabiJnofIfielatemilingitay.WlieffasptairsmiMigndaT io OTtingtaasp a ’cnrrfarmo R; 
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PAGE 13, 





thij, ^ eou ^ Plans a Fund 
P To Stem Rising Tide 
Of Company Crashes 

r rm r 0 c d t 7 0» r SkffFram}i v ad la 

SEOUL — The government «a frf 
Wednesday it would set up a li 
trillion won ($1.67 billion) fund to 
stem a rising tide of corporate fail- 
ures, a move some analysts said 
ffc would be merely cosmetic. 
f The Finance Ministry's fond 
would buy banks' bad debts and 
assets of financially troubled 

size of the bailout fund is 
just a peanut, compared with the 
huge size of corporate debts,” said 
Choi Cbasg Ho, an analyst with 
Ssangyong Investment Securities. 

Creditors Divided 
Over New Loans 
To Korea Distiller 

, Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — Merchant banks and 
commercial banks clashed Wednes- 
day over how to proceed with the 
rescue of Jinro Group. 

The commercial Wits rejected 
an attempt to exempt smaller mer- 
chant b anks from having to make 
additional loans to prevent the 
Largest South Korean distiller from 
going bankrupt 

The commercial banks agreed 
Monday to freeze Jinro’s debt pay- 
ments and extend additional loans to 
save the company. The merchant 
banks have opposed the accord, say- 
ing they cannot afford to offer new 
credit and would suffer more if Jtnro 
g failed because most of their loans 
7 are not secured, unlike those from 
the commercial banks. They said 
they would sign the accord only if 
they were freed from having to ex- 
tend more loans to Jinro. 

Shares in Jinro Ltd-, the group’s 
flagship, fell 720 won, to 8*350 
($935), mi Wednesday. The shares 
were suspended Tuesday. 

South Korean co mm ercial hanks* 
combined had loans are pgrimawi to 
total 2.4 trillion woo, or about 1 
percent of their outstanding loans- 
Yonhap news agency said loans on 
winch interest has not been paid for 
more than six months is 1 1 .9 trillion 
won, or about 4 percent of the 

"Hie government move came 
amid rising debts and a slowing 
economy. The Hanbo Group and 
Sammi Group collapsed this year 
under a combined debt of $8.2 bil- 
lion. The Jinro Group, Korea's 
biggest distiller, failed to pay part of 
its $3 billion debts this month. 

South Korean commercial hank* 
signed an accord over the weekend 
agreeing to save financially troubled 
companies that have chances for re- 
covery by deferring their debts. 
Jinro appeared to have been tiie first 
company to be aided by that agree- 
ment when Commercial Bank of 
Korea said it would rescue the group 
in exchange for collateral, such as 
managerial rights. - 

The Wednesday announcement 
calls for the Korea Asset Manage- 
ment Corp., an existing go v ernment 
agency, to be restructured. It wffl 
sell property of failed companies 
mid assume banks' bad loans along 
with their collateral. It will also boy 
real estate and other assets of fi- 
nancially troubled companies to 
ease their fund shortages. 

Tussle on Tariffs in Australia 

Automakers Say Cuts in Duties Would Maim Industry 

By Michael Richardson 

huentazionat Herald Tribune 

MELBOURNE — ■ Prime Min- 
ister John Howard feces a balan- 
cing act between free trade and 
preserving Australia’s auto in- 

After Australia cut tariffs on im- 
ported cars by 61 percent since 
1987, the government is being 
warned that further cuts below an 
agreed level of 15 percent by 2000 
could cripple tiie industry unless 
Aria agrees to open its markets 
more widely to auto imports. 

Australia’s tariffs on imported 
cars, which are now 22-5 percent, 
have crane down from 57.5 per- 
cent in 1987. 

The warnings are coming not 
just from unions and the four major 
carmakers in Australia — Ford 
Australia Ltd., General Motors 
Holden LtdL, Mitsubishi Motors 
Australia Ltd., and Toyota Aus- 
tralia Ltd. — but also from two 
state governments and a number of 
influential political figures aligned 
with Mr. Howard's Liberal Party. 

Leaders of carmaking compa- 
nies urged Mr. Howard in Can- 
berra this week to freeze car tariffs 
at 15 percent at least until 2005. 
But the Productivity Commission, 
a government panel, has recom- 
mended cutting tariffs to 5 percent 
by 2004. The panel, which will 

present Its final report to Mr. 
Howard next month, said the cut 
would help consumers money and 
force the auto industry to become 
more efficient. 

Prime Minister Jeff Kennetz of 
Victoria and his South Australia 
counterpart, John Olsen, have 
called for tariffs to hold at 15 per- 
cent The two Liberals’ states are 
home to auto plants that directly 
employ about 20,000 workers. 

The four automakers complain 
that Australia by itself is too small 
as a market and tbat to remain com- 
petitive they must export chiefly to 
Asia. They want to mate sure that 
ocher members of the Asia-Pacific 
Economic Cooperation forum re- 
duce protection of their automotive 
industries under an APEC pledge to 
achieve free trade in the region by 
2010 for industrialized economies 
and 2020 for developing countries. 

Peter Thomas, General Motors 
Holden's planning director, said 
the issue was not tariff reduction, 

hot timin g, Aust ralia g hraiM no* the 

last stage of its tariff reductions as 
leverage to ensure reciprocal cuts 
by other APEC members. 

"The government’s calls for 
economic engagement with 
Aria,” said David Morgan, pres- 
ident of Ford Australia, "have not 
been matched by an opening of 
those markets far motor 

Australia exported about 25,000 
cars last year, while it imported 
327,000 units, or 50-3 percent of 
the 650.000 vehicles purchased by 
Australians during the year. The 
market share for imports in 1990, 
when tariffs were more than twice 
the current level, was 20 percent. 

“We have to retain a sufficient 
share of sales in the domestic mar- 
ket to be internationally compet- 
itive in our exports,” said Alan 
McGarrigle, a general manager at 
Toyota Australia. 

Automakers say protectionism 
in many Asian and Pacific markets 
limi ts their exports. They point to 
tariffs of up to 200 pentent in 
Malaysia and Vietnam, 125 per- 
cent in Indonesia, 120 percent in 
China and SO percent in India. 

Mr. Morgan said that Japan, de- 
spite having no tariffs on cars and a 
market 10 times the size of Aus- 
tralia's, used non-tariff barriers in 
1 995 to limit total imports to fewer 
vehicles than Australia imported. 

South Korea, which maintains a 
tariff of 8 percent, used similar 
techniques, he said, to “impart 
fewer cars in a year than Australia 
does in a week.” 

The United States imposes a 25 
percent tariff on light trucks and 
sport utility vehicles, the Productiv- 
ity Commission and Ford Australia 
said. The European Union has a 10 
percent tariff on vehicles. 

Very briefly: 

for the fund with contributions from 
financial institutions, sales of bonds 
and overseas borrowing. 

Government subsidies will be ex- 
cluded from the fund, since tint 
might prompt friction with the World 
Trade Organization, an official 

Critics raised doubts over both 
tile effectiveness of tire body and its 
means of raising the fund. “I don't 
think any organizations like to un- 
derwrite those bonds wife high 
risks. And the size of the fund itself 
appears to be too small to cure the 
c urre n t problems,” a researcher at a 
local bank said. (Bloomberg, AFP) 

Foreign Firms Gear Up in Korea 


SEOUL — Foreign carmakers, 
whose sales in South Korea have 
been hit by a * 'frugality campaign,’ ' 
said Wednesday they were fighting 
bade by opening more showrooms, 
cutting prices and introducing new 

“Our biggest concern is that for- 
eign cars have been targeted in the 
frugality campaign,” said Wayne 
Chnmley, president of Chrysler 
Korea Sales. 

“But we aim to sell 4,000 units 
this year, up from about 2,200 units 
last year,” be said before the formal 
opening Thursday of the Seoul Mo- 
tor Show. 

The European Union and the 
United States have attacked South 
Korea’s government over what they 
call its complicity in the campaign, 
which is targeting foreign consumer 
goods, including cars. 

The campaign, spearheaded by 
civic and religious groups, is de- 

signed to curt) imports and reduce a 
bloated trade deficit. 

James Tessada, president of Ford 
Motor Korea, said Ford plans to sell 
3,500 cars this year after selling 986 
in 1996. 

A spokesman for the EU Cham- 
ber of Commerce said an economic 
slowdown was hurting BMW sales, 
even though volume this year would 
exceed last year's total of 1,447. 

South Korea imported 25,148 cars 
last year. 15 percent of the carter. 

• Central Japan Railway Co. appointed Nikko Securities 
Co. as lead manager of its public stock offering in October, 
replacing Nomura Securities Co. because of Nomura's al- 
leged involvement in a pay-off scandal. 

• Bangkok Bank of Commerce PLC said it expected to 
recover about 5 billion baht ($191.8 million) through sales of 
shares of five companies that had been pledged as collateral 
for loans. It said it had net nonperforming loans of 53.78 
billion baht and posted a 24.8 billion hahr net loss in 1996, 
following a 860.4 million profit in 1995. 

• Moody’s Investors Service Inc. placed the ratings of 
Yamaichi Securities Co.’s long-term debt under review with 
negative implications, citing its declining market share over 
the past two years and its earnings prospects. 

• Dairy Farm International Holdings Ltd. announced the 
appointment of Ronald Floto, executive vice president of 
Kmar t Corp., as its chief executive, effective June 12. 

• China’s central bank will draw on recommendations of a 
new coordination committee when setting monetary policy, 
Chinese financial newspapers said. It will meet every three 
months and include representatives of the bank. State Plan- 
ning Commission, Ministry of Finance and other agencies. 

• Tie Philippine National Bank purchased a leasing com- 
pany from the liquidated PNB Provident Fund for 14 million 
pesos ($532,000) and said unnamed Japanese financial in- 
stitutions would acquire a 40 percent stake in the company. 

• AU Nippon Airways Co. said it would increase inter- 

national flights in a challenge to Japan Airlines Co_ making 
50 percent of its business international by 2002, compared 
with 30 percent now. AFP. Reiners. Bloomberg 

Boeing Faces Off Airbus in China 

expected to order 1,890 jets in 
two decades worth $110 bfili 

Bloomberg News 

HONG KONG — Boeing Co., 
matching a proposal fipm Airbus In- 
dustrie, is vying to sell 100 aircraft 
valued at about & billion to China, the 
world’s fastest-growing aviation mar- 

The Boeing bid, to be submitted this 
week at China's request, cranes as Air- 
bus has already seen itself dint out 
from supplying American Airlines and 
Delta Air Lines, which have promised 
to buy only from Boeing. 

Airbus can ill afford to see Boeing 
best it in China as well, analysts said. 
Chinese and Hong Kong airlines are 

i in die next 
billion, Boe- 
ing estimates. 

Although no agreement with China 
had been reached. Airbus had expected 
to ago contracts fer at least 30 aircraft 
during a visit to Beijing next month by 
President Jacques Chirac of Ranee. 

But Mr. Chirac's announcement 
Monday of early parliamentary elec- 
tions, set for May 25 and June 1, had 
awakened fears by Airbus tint the pres- 
ident would cancel his visit and delay 
the orders. 

On Wednesday, Mr. Chirac's office 
in Paris confirmed that the president 

will be going on the trip in mid-May, 
though no dates have been given. 

A spokesman for Airbus at its base 
in Toulouse. France, said he had no 
co mm ent about tire Boring bid, except 
that it was “the customer’s prerog- 

Xa Dengying, an official at China 
Aviation Supplies Corp-, which 
handles aircratt purchases for the coun- 
try's airlines, said of the competition; 
“We haven’t decided which company 
we will choose. It is possible we will 
buy some from Boeing and some from 
Airbus, depending on their proposals. 
It will take some time to decide. ’ ’ 

ASEAN Rules Out Trade-Labor Link 


HANOI — Labor minis- 
ters from Association of 
South East Asian Nations 
member countries have reaf- 
firmed their stand against 
linking working conditions to 
internati onal trading rules, 
said Tran Dinh Hoan, the 
labor minister of Vietnam, on 

There should be no “link 
between labor standards and 
economic and trade issues,” 
Mr. Hoan said after a meeting 
of the ministers in Hanoi “We 
reached a consensus on that.” 

ASEAN groups Brunei, In- 
donesia, Malaysia, the Phil- 
ippines. Singapore. Thailand 
and Vietnam. 

Mr. Hoan said the ministers, 
who met Tuesday, wanted to 
reaffirm their position on a dis- 
pute that preoccupied a World 
Trade Organization ministeri- 
al meeting in December. 

The International Labor 
Organization said Wednes- 
day that it would propose a set 
of standards to protect work- 
ers. Michel Hansenne, the di- 
rector-general, said the stan- 
dards would attempt to 

“ensure that trade liberaliz- 
ation will proceed apace with 
social reform and more hu- 
mane working conditions.” 

The United States and other 
Western nations have argued 
that international trade rules 
should be used to raise Third 
World labor standards, erad- 
icate sweatshops and stop an 
estimated 250 million chil- 

dren from working. Backed by 
France and Ganaria, Washing- 
ton has said it wants the issue 
to be decided at the WTO. 

Official Vietnamese media 
said die ASEAN ministers 
had agreed that the Interna- 
tional Labor Organization 
was “the only world agency 
responsible for settinglabor 
standards — not the WTO.” 

ZEP PELIN: 60 Years On, Ending the Curse of the Hindenimrg? 


Continued from Page 11 

third as long as the Htodenburg and is 
designed for only short hops. 

“We made an intensive investigation 
into the advantages and disadvantages of 
zeppelins in co mp a ri son with airplanes, 
blimps and helicopters,” said Klaus Ha- 
genlocher, program manager for the 
Zeppelin NT, “and we concluded that 
the technology a n d the markets would 
allo w us to bmld airships for tourism and 
for science.” 

Stilly there are many skeptics. For one 
thing, the company has slipped mouths 
behin d its original schedule for launch- 
ing. and the $7 million price tag may be 
higher than tourism or science can pay. 

Last but not least, the descendants of 
Count von Zeppelin are hardly the only 
people trying to revive tum-of-the-cen- 
tury flying machines. 

hi South Africa, a company called 
Hamilton Airstrip has raised about $3 
milli on oq the basis of its .zeppelin 
design, and company officials say they 
hope to start building later this year. In 
Britain. Airships Technologies is poshing 
ahead with a new generation of giant 
blimps that would cany as many as 50 
passengers. And a Netherlands company 
called the Millennium Navigation Proj- 
ect has developed a variant on the zep- 
pelin that it hopes to launch by 2000. 

But if the Zeppelin NT lives up to the 
company’s advance publicity, it should 

be a wondrous tiring to behold. Despite, 
or perhaps even because of, the Hinden- 
barg, zeppelins continue to fascinate a 
dogged band of loyalists, nowhere more 
so titan here in this port on a lake in 
southern Germany, where the people 
still revere the late count as a hero. Count 
von Zeppelin began bis airship work 
here in the 1890s. 

After the Hmdeoburg disaster. Count 
von Zeppelin continued to build his 
company and diversified into other busi- 
nesses. But before his death, be signed 
the entire enterprise over to a charitable 
trust controlled by the town of Friedrich- 
shafen, with the proviso that the com- 
pany use at least some of its profits on 
new airship technology. 

EMU: Italy Won’t Reach Deficit Goal for the Euro, EU Forecasts 

Controlled from Page 1 

ister, said he was ‘ ‘neither surprised nor 
shocked by these estimates.” 

“I think there is still a good chance that 

we make the 3 percent target in 
1997,” Mr. Dim said, “and as for next 
year,' this is a reminder that we need to 
press ahead with structural measures that 
wfll replace some of the one-off measures 
contained in our last nmribudgeL” 

The forecast and tire sharp Italian re- 
action gave yet another taste of tire in- 
tense political struggle that is likely to 
. int ens ify in E u ro pe until EU leaders sn 
down a year from now to choose the 
countries that win launch the euro. 
Membership in monetary union is re- 

to maintain thdr prosperity and political 

influence in Europe. The commission’s 
forecast is widely regarded as leaning 
toward the optimistic end of probability. 
Nevertheless, Wednesday’s report un- 
derscored the considerable progress 
governments have made to reduce their 
deficits, which for tire 15-oation EU as a 
whole are forecast to fall to 23 percent 
tins year from 43 percent in 1996 and a 
peak of 62 percent in 1993. 

The figures “support my conviction 
that a majority of member states will 
meet the requirements for participation 
in tire euro as of Jan. 1, 1999,” said Yves- 
Thibanlt de Silguy, die EU commission- 
ex for economic mid monetary affairs. 

The main question surrounding the 
single currency is no longer whether 
enough countries can meet die economic 
requirements, but whether governments 

can sustain public support for the project 
and tire budgetary discipline it requires, 
many analysts and officials said. 

The key tests will come in France, 
where President Jacques Chirac called 
early ejections precisely to ensure sup- 
port for the budgetary policies required 
for monetary union, cud in Germany, 
where Chancellor Helmut Kohl must 
persuade Germans to give up the 
Deutsche mark if he is to win an un- 
precedented fifth term next year. 

Most economists still expect the euro 
to start on time with Germany, France, 
tire Benelux countries, Austria, Ireland 
and perhaps Finland as charter members. 
Portugal and Spain have boosted their 
prospects through deficit reductions. 

Alan Friedman contributed to this ar- 
ticle from Rome. 



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PAGE 12 

PAGE 14 




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S. America 





Induatitei ImtaooM 
Capital goods 





Consumer goods 




















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The M ama bonel Herald TrBxna World Suds Max C tracks the US. doBor values of 
280 fXerna&aneBy tnvmtabto stocks from 25 countoes. For more information, a tree 
booklet is avaBable by writing to The Trib Max. 181 Awua Chutes da Gmdb. 

32521 Notify Codex. Franca. CampBad by Bloomberg Non a. 

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h ada mi mm 
411 406 410 406 

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3.16 3.11 111 3.10 

413 409 410 407 

410 412 413 413 

M* 137 138 130 

230 19* 2M 2.93 

3JH 330 336 147 

458 6J5 456 454 

11-60 1140 1140 1140 

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735 727 

3610 3650 

804 788 

718 706 

1120 1120 

TB *3? 

2550 2470 

2500 2810 



t k : ' i la fi < 1 1 ni 'il ii i 


- first-quarter pretax profit as it pos- 
-,ted a one-time gain firam an asset 
£;sale, and as improved results at its 
j-,par division offset problems with its 
-truck unit. 

S' Pretax profit soared to 5.25 bal— 
: i’dion kronor ($6863 million) from 
“Vt *1 .92 billion a year earlier. 

The conqrany recorded a 3 billion 
I Ttronor gain from the sale of its stake 
\ <in tbe brewer Pripps-Ringnes. 

Operating profit rose 60 percent, 
>7to 1.89 billion kronor, whfle sales 
£ jose 7.1 percent, to 41.85 billion. 

’■Z “The share price took off after 
£rthe car division showed good op- 
'erating figures,** said Angelika 
r/Hanson, analyst at Mafreus 
. ~ ifoodk ommiBSr On. noting the re hfld 
♦jbeen worries about the division. 

]lr m Volvo’s B shares fell 1 krona, to 
£^19230 kronor. 

pperatingjnafit in the car division 
riwas 1.07 bflficm kronor, compared 
c -*^with a loss of 191 nriflion kronor in 
Ok first quarter of last year. 

tbe lower house, the Bundestag, but 
the Social Democrats rule the 
Bondesret, the upper chamber. 

The two sides had come close to 

of income tax and reducing taxes on 
corporations, but the main sticking 
point was Mr. Waigel’s plan to cut 
the top rate of income tax. to 39 
percent in 1999 from 53 percent. 

Tbe Social Democrats also op- 
posed die government’s supply-side 
approach of cutting taxes to encour- 
age corporate investment 
Mr. Lafbntaine vowed to fight die 
government’ s tax plan. “It is a re- 
form against the people and die 
economy," he said. 

Mr. Waigel’s 1998 tax hill has 
already had its first reading in the 
lower bouse. A bQl for 1999, to 
make further raitx in income and 
corporate taxes, was approved by 
Mr. Kohl's team Tuesday and will 
have its first reading on ftiday. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 

Profit Rise Recharges Philips Stock 


AMSTERDAM — Philips Elec- 
tronics NV stock jumped Wednes- 
day after the company said first- 
quarter net profit rose a surprising 28 
percent, helped by a mum to profit 
at its consumer-products division. 

Philips said its consumer-elec- 
tronics unit was able to make money 
in tbe quarter mostly because of the 
decision to back away from control 
of the German consumer electronics 
c ompan y Grundig AG, which has 
been posting losses. 

Philips earned 887 milli on guild- 
ers ($4603 million) in the quarter, 
even as sales rose only 3 percent, to 
16.14 billion guilders. 

Profit was lifted by a one-time 

gain of 427 milli on guilders from 
the sale of shares in ASM Litho- 
graphy NV. a mak er of semicon- 
duc tor-manufacturing equipment. 

The company also benefited from 
a strong dollar, which buoyed its 
exports and meant it got more guild- 
ers when converting dollar sales into 
its borne currency. 

Philips shares rose 5.90 guilders, 
to 97 guilders. 

Tbe consumer-products division 
posted a profit of 206 minion guild- 
ers, reversing a loss of 52 million 
guilders a year earlier. 

Saying Philips would not give up 
its efforts to cut costs. Dudley Eu- 
stace. executive vice president, said 
the company would continue to shift 

jobs to lower-wage countries. 

(AP, Bloomberg) 

■ Siemens Net Increases 4% 

Siemens AG stock fell after Ger- 
many’s largest electronics company 
said net profit in its second quarter 
rose 4 percent, news agencies re- 
ported from Munich. 

Communications operations off- 
set weak earnings from semicon- 
ductors, lifting profit to 602 milli on 
Deutsche marks ($352.6 million) in 
die quarter ending in March. Sales 
rose 5 percent, to 23.8 billion DM. 

But the stock fell 230 DM, to 
88.90 DM. Analysts said Siemens 
may not be selling unprofitable units 
fast enough. (Bloomberg. AFX 1 

Very briefly; 

• Pharmacia & Upjohn lnc.’s first-quarter earnings per 
share feO 16 percent from a year ago. from 44 cents to about 37 
cents. The share fell 1 1 percent to 239 kronor ($3130). The 
company had warned twice this year about lower profit. 

• Belleek Pottery Group of Northern Ireland is to buy the 
English firm. Aynsley China, for an undisclosed figure. 

• Volvo AB’s pretax profit rose to 535 billion kronor ($684 
million) in the first quarter from 1.92 billion a year ago. 

• The European Commission approved Anglo American 
Corp.’s link-up with Lonrho PLC. tbe British conglomerate, 
after tbe South African mining giant agreed to reduce its stake 
from 28.4 to 9.99 percent. 

• Russia’s State Tax Service said unpaid taxes in the first 
quarter grew 20 percent, to 12.7 trillion rubles ($23 billion). 

• Arsen taria SA, Spam's fourth-biggest bank, said net profit 
fell 29.4 percent, to 15.8 billion pesetas ($109.4 million) in the 
first quarter. 

• British retail sales, a key indicator of consumer confidence, 

rose a montb-on-montb 0.3 percent in March, consolidating 
signs of a Strong economy. Bloomberg. Reuters, AFP 



... JPaJP 

PAGE 18 

World Roundup 

Denis Compton, 
Cricket Great, Dies 

cricket Denis Compton, 78, 
one of the all-time greats of English 
cricket, died Tuesday night, the 
Middlesex County Cricket Club 
said Wednesday. 

‘ “There will be a tear in many an 
eye at the loss of one of the greatest 
batsmen cricket has ever known,' ’ 
Prime Minister John Major of Bri- 
tain said. 

The dashing Compton, who also 
played soccer for England and Ar- 
senal, was considered one of the 
original playboys of English sport. 
But be was especially revered for 
his cricket accomplishments. In 
1947, he set England's season-re- 
cord figures of 3,816 runs and 18 

A brilliant right-handed batsman 
and unorthodox slow left-arm 
bowler, Compton charmed and 
thrilled large crowds with his dash- 
ing strokeplay. He was generally 
acknowledged as the most popular 

English sportsman of his era. 

Compton made his cricket debut 
for Middlesex in 1936 at the age of 
1 8 and became the youngest ever to 
score 1,000 runs in his first season. 
He was England ’s vice captain on 
the team’s tour to Austtatia in 
1 950-51, and its joint captain, with 
Bill Edrich. in 1951-52. His 300 
r uns against North-Eastern Trans- 
vaal on Dec. 3 and 4, 1948, made in 
181 minutes, is thought to be the 
fastest-ever triple century. (AP) 

Hing is Has Knee Surgery 

mens Martina Hingis, the 
world’s No. 1 woman tenms player, 
underwent surgery Wednesday on a 
knee she hurt in a foil from a horse 
and will be out of action for at least 
three weeks. 

“So far. it is certain that Martina 
will have to miss Hamburg. Rome 
and Berlin," said Melanie Molitor, 
Hingis's mother and coach, refer- 

ring to coming tournaments. 

The German Tennis Federation 
confirmed that Hingis, 16, had 
pulled out of the Hamburg event, 
which starts Monday. She may also 
have to miss the French Open, to be 

S layed in Paris from May 26 to June 
.Molitor said. (AP) 

Maradona Is Back Again 

soccer Diego Maradona signed 
a contract to play for Boca Juniors 
until the end of the year, his fifth 
comeback to professional soccer in 
as many years. “I hope this will be 

my final return and the best of all,' ' 
Maradona, 36, said Tuesday after 
signing the contract, which is be- 
lieved to be worth $50,000 per 
match. (AP) 

Alomar Gives 
Ump a Hand, 
Then Helps 
Orioles Win 


XHURSDAy, AjPRIL 2i, 1997 

Finesse vs. 7-Footers: 

Key to European Title 

Olympiakos Takes on Barcelona 

By Ian Thomsen 

Inirrnananal Heraid Tribune 

screen to nail the decisive jump shot for 
a 73-70 Barcelona lead with 50 seconds 
left. VUteurbanne’s veteran American 

R OME — In a game of giants, 
the smallest players on the 
floor will decide the European 
basketball championship 
Thursday night when Barcelona meets 
Olympiakos of Piraeus. 

David Rivers, the American who pilots 
Olympiakos, the Greek champion, and 
Aleksandar Djordjevic, the Serbian point 

guard of Barcelona, will chase each other 

around and through the forest of power 
forwards and 7-foot 12 . 1 -meter) centers. 

The odds would seem to favor the 32- 
year-old Rivers. Eight seasons ago as a 
National Basketball Association rookie 
from Notre Dame, he was cal led into the 
NBA finals after his teammate, Magic 
Johnson, suffered a pulled hamstring in 
an eventual champ ionship loss to the 
Detroit Pistons. 

On Tuesday night, in the opening 
semifinal of the European Final Four, 
Rivers seized control of the most tal- 
ented team this side of the NBA. He 
scored 28 points in Olympiakos’ s 74-65 
victory over Olimpija Ljubljana. 

More than that, he forced his enor- 
mous teammates to run like horses un- 

point guard, Delaney Rudd, (20 points) 
and Alain Digbeu missed 3-pointers in 

der a whip. In the opening quarter, 
Olvmoiakos opened up a 24- 13 lead and 

looked as if it never should have lost a 
game all season. The reason the team 
did lose occasionally — at one point 
struggling to qualify for the playofra and 
then barely advancing through the first 
round last month — Is in part because 
they haven't made the easy fast breaks 
that Rivers craves. In Greece, basketball 
is war and 7-foot centers are maneu- 
vered like tanks. 

Barcelona will hope to inflict some 
sense of doubt on its Greek opponent 
The prospects aren't bright, based on 
Barcelona's 77-70 semifinal victory 
against Vtileufbanne in the other semi- 
final Tuesday. Barcelona easily could 
have lost that game, and it will need a 
stronger effort, for starters, from the 
Lithuanian forward Arturas Kamisovas, 
who received an award Wednesday as 
the international basketball federation's 
player of the year, a day after coming up 
with just 9 points against VIHeurbanne. 

The most important player in the 
game will be EJjoidjevic. He will prob- 
ably have to score in bunches, taking the 
pressure off his front line in its battle 

:„i u: 

against Olympiakos’s big men. IfDjord- 
jevic, Kamisovas and one of their Span- 

jevic, Kamisovas and one of their Span- 
ish scorers can keep die game close to 
die last moments, then Djordjevic will 
be a good bet to come up with die 
winning foot. He produced it in the final 
seconds five years ago, when he led 
Partizan Belgrade to the European tide. 

On Tuesday night after a so-so per- 
formance overall, he zipped around a 


ViUeurbanne began the game 
nervously, falling behind and recov- 
ering frantically, and even led with 4:53 
remaining with many thanks to a strong 
second half by the American forward 
Brian Howard (20 points on 10 shots). 

Both teams lapsed into foul trouble 
inside, but the losses were more painful 
for Vilieuibanne, which rarely was able 
to strike up the quick passing game that 
makes it one of the most appealing 
teams in Europe. 

“It isn't going to be easy for us,'* the 
Barcelona coach, Alto Garcia Reneses, 
said of the final against Olympiakos. 
“We’re not used to playing against a 
team like Olympiakos that has four 
players so tall." 

For much of its semifinal, 
Olympiakos’ s Dusan Ivkovic — who is 
trying to extend, the streak of eight 
European Championships won by Ser- 
bian coaches — employed two coalers 
from his stock of Dragan Tariac, 
Panagiotis Fassoulas and Christian 
Welp. Tariac was especially impressive 
with 13 rebounds and four blocks, know- 
ing drat the Chicago Bulls were in town 
to watch. 

So consider how the pressures mount 
around die pale, shaven-headed Djord- 
jevic: Not only must 1 m help keep his 
team alive from the perimeter, but he 
also must do something defensively 
about the quicker Rivers. Djordjevic 
began this season with the Portland 
Trail Blazers, and the main reason he 
isn’t there now is because of his defense. 
The simplest way to stifle Olympiakos’ s 
big men would be to suffocate die point 
guard who creates their opportunities. 

Based on his showing Tuesday, when 
he single-handedly outscored Ljubljana 
8-2 to decide the game with 4 minutes 
remaining. Rivers will be tough to stop. 

Yet there is a feeling by some that 
Barcelona is meant to succeed after last 
season's debacle, when its potential 
championship- winning lay-up was 
blocked by JPanathmalkos's Stojko 
Vrankovic after die ball hit the back- 
board — an apparent case of goaltend- 
ing that was "allowed to stand. 

This will be Barcelona’s fifth 
European Championship final since 
1984, but it has never won the tide. 
Neither has Olympiakos. which lost the 
finals in 1994 and 1995. The 5,000 
Greek supporters who dominated at 
courtside Tuesday will be wamhing care- 
fully for any official slights in favor of 
Barcelona. As difficult as things might 
appear for Djordjevic, it would be in- 
finitely harder to be one of die referees. 

77wr Associated Pros 

Roberto Alomar shook hands with 
umpire John Hirschbeck, then scored 
the Baltimore Orioles' first run in a 3-2 
victory over die Chicago White Sox. 

Tuesday night was the first time that 
Alomar and Hirschbeck had been on the 
same field since Sept. 27 in Toronto, 

when Alomar spit in the umpire’s face 
after being ejected for arguing a called 
third shrike. 

Before taking his position, Alomar 
veered toward Hirschbeck, the first base 
umpire, to shake his hand and offer a 
few words. 

After the game, Hirschbeck relayed 
the exchange. "I’m sorry,” Alomar 
said. “Thanks, now maybe they'll let us 
both do our jobs,” Hirschbeck replied. 

Alomar went l-for-3 with a walk. 
After he singled in the sixth, he was 
called out by Hirschbeck when first 
baseman Frank Thomas caught a line 
drive by Palmeiro and stepped on the 
bag abend of the diving Alomar. 

Mike Mussina (3-1) earned his 
second victory against the White Sox in 
five days, and Randy Myers worked the 
ninth for his eighth save in eight tries. 

Y«nkM> lo, Bwmm 2 Andy Pettitte 
pitched a six-hitler for his fourth victory 
and host New York scored eight runs in 
the fifth inning, four of them unearned 
on two Milwaukee errors. 

Tmo Martmez, Derek Jeter and Joe 
Girardi drove in two runs each for the 
Yankees. Fetritte (4-0) threw his first 
complete Kune in five starts, walking 
one and sinking out two. Jeff Cirtilo and 
John Jaha homered for the Brewers. 

msws, imfianasSteve Avery con- 
tinued his mastery of Cleveland, al- 
lowing three hits in six innings. Avery 
(2-1) struck out force, walked five and 
allowed one run. He retired 1 1 straight 
in the third through sixth innings against 
the host Indians. 

Twins s, Atbietictt a Ron Coomer s 
three-run double broke up a scoreless 
game to spark visiting Minnesota’s vic- 
tory. Brad Radke (1-1) allowed just 
three hits — including solo homers by 


Dnc HMsouad/Tb- Amiltcd Prbi 

Roberto Alomar and John Hirschbeck letting bygones be bygones. 

Mark McGwire and Jose Canseco — 
and struck out seven in 7% innings. 

Mannar* 7, Royal* 2 In Seattle, Jeff 
Fas sera pitched eight strong innings to 
stay unbeaten with the Mariners, and 
Joey Cora hit his 14ch career home run. 
Fassero (4-0), traded from Montreal last 
October, allowed five hits and one ran. 
He struck out seven, walked one and 
lowered his ERA to 2-57. 

Blue Jay* 7, AngM* 8 Carlos Garcia’s 

two-run single with two out in die ninth 
inning gave visiting Toronto the vic- 
tory. Paul Quantrill (2-1) pitched one 
inning of relief for the triumph, and Dan 
Plesac, who came in an off-season trade 
with Pittsburgh, pitched a perfect ninth 
for the save. 

In the National League: 

Rockies 13, Harfbi 4 Larry Walker 
was 4-for-5, raising his batting average 
to .507, and Roger Bailey and the Rock- 
ies sent the visiting Marlins to their 
fourth straight loss. 

Bailey (3-0) yielded a pair of two-run 

homers by Moires Aloe. but pitched a 
six-hitter to win his third straight start. 

Ntob7, Rod* 2 Rick Reed, snubbed in 

spring training for being a replacement 
player during the strike in 1995, got his 
first major league victory in three years 

as host New York beat Cincinnati. He 
scattered seven hits, struck our four and 
walked none, and doubled in a run in the 
second inning. 

Expos 3, Cob* 1 Dustin Hermanson, 

making his first major-league start 
pitched five effective innings as the host 

Bravos 4, Giants 0 Greg M&ddUX 
cbed six shutout innings before ap- 

pitebed six shutout innings before ap- 
parently re-aggravating a hamstring in- 
jury as visiting Atlanta ended San Fran- 
cisco's nine-game winning streak. 

Astro* 10 , ra di os 3 Derek Bell and 
Jeff Bagwell each went 3-for-5 with two 
RBXs as Houston routed host San Diego. 
Nine of the 12 runs were unearned be- 
cause of three Padres’ errors. Fernando 
Valenzuela (1-2) took the loss, allowing 
six hits and five runs, only two earned, 
in five innings. 

CiriiMi» e,Do<ipyf4 Ray Lankford, 
playing in his first game of the season, 
triggered a force-run rally with two out 
in the ninth inning that lifted St. Louis 
over host Los Angeles. Rookie John 
Frascatore (1-1) was the winner. 

* ; — fttrii* Uk«t^Agma>! l nDi*-fta*i 

J im Courier bitting a backhand to Mark Piulippoussis, who defeated him, 7-5, 7-5, in Monte Carlo Wednesdays 

Kafelnikov’s Season of Discontent 

With Loss at Monte Carlo, Russian Remains Winless in ’97 

By Christopher Clarey 

InlcmaamuA Herald Tribune 

MONTE CARLO — Anatoli Lepe- 
shm clearly did not want to talk on 

Wednesday as he shuffled away from 
Court One at foe Monte Carlo Country 

Court One at foe Monte Carlo Country 
Club. This was hardly surprising. Lepe- 
«hm, who was bom in foe Soviet Union 
and grew up to be one of its finest tennis 
coaches, is typically as laconic with the 
Western media as his countryman Leo 
Tolstoy was prolix on a sheet of paper. 

Hie problem was that as Lepesoin left 
the scene of Yevgeni Kafelnikov's 
latest disaster, there were too many 
questions han ging in foe Mediterranean 

breeze, and be finally agreed to share a 
single sentence with his inquisitor: “His 
hand is not the problem.” 

Kafelnikov's right hand, which he 
fractured on a punching bag jnst prior to 
the Australian <)pen,mayi>e function- 
ing, but for die moment, his fluid, for- 
midable tennis game is not. Wednes- 
day's second-round loss to Christian 
Ruud of Norway in the Monte Carlo 
Open dropped foie Russian star's record 
for 1997 to 04. 

Since returning to the circuit after a 

forced foree-manfo layoff, be has lost to 
Gilbert Sdballer, 6-2, 6-0, in his opening 

Gilbert Scballer, 6-2, 6-0, in his opening 
match in Estoril; to Magnus Larsson in 
three sets in his opening match in Bar- 

celona and now to Ruud, 6-4, 2-6, 64, in 
his opening match in Monte Carlo after 
a bye. 

All three losses came on red day, the 
surface on which he won his first and 
only Grand Slam singles title at last 
year’s French Open. With only a month 
r emaining until this year’s French, it is 
safe to say that a repeat looks highly 

“I think that’s too early for me, to be 
honest with you,” Kafelnikov said. 

“I don’t feel like I will be on the same 
level as I was before, but J know deep 
inside that I feel I still can achieve 
everything that I was doing before.” 

The third-seeded Kafelnikov was 
only one of many top players who 
struggled on Wednesda y . A total of 
seven seeds were knocked out of the 
tournament, including No. 5 Thomas 
Enqvist of Sweden; No. 8 Wayne Fer- 
reira of South 'Africa and NO; 13 Jim 
Courier who was overpowered by Aus- 
tralia’s radar-busting Mark Philip-, 
poossis in straight sets. 

Of the 16 players remaining, only six 
are seeded, and none of them is named . 
Pete Sampras or Thomas Muster, who 
bo* lost on Tuesday. But at least 
Sampras, winner of the Australian 
Open, and Master, winner of the Lipton 
Championships, already have plenty to 
crow about in 1997. 

Not so for Kafelnikov, who came into 
this year hoping to challenge SampraS . 
for the No. 1 ranking. His troubles began, | 
innocuously enough, in a Melbourne 
hotel gymnasium m mid-January. KafieK 
nikov was preparing to play the year’s 
first Grand Slam event and a fellow pro; 
Mate Rosset, was working out next to* 

p imc-hing Hag Kafelniko v walked Up and 

gave the heavy bag a gleeful, solid rigbC 
not enough to hurt the bag but enough to 
break his hand The pain continues. •- 
“Believe me, it still hurts to hold the 
racket;’' Kafelnikov said.. “But I w$$ 
away for three months, and that is sudea 
long period. 1 missed the game, andj 
missed almost everything. That is whyf 
deckled to come back. Maybe it was a 
little bit too early . but I am hungry again 
for the game.” ~ 

Kafelniko v, who said he underwent 
two operations bn Ins hand, claims tp 
' ran no risk of re-fracturingit by playing- 
His problems right now are rust and 
confidence. He knows that being just % 
little less consistent, or confident, of 
powerful can make the difference be- 
tween upset and routine victory. 

“I cannot hurt foe guys like I was 
doing before,” he said. “And if you 
don’t hurt foe other guys on this surfece; 
they will make you run. And then 
everything turns around, and they are 
hurting you.” - 

ZoeUer’ s Remark: It’s Fuzzy, for Sure 

pitched five effective innings as the host 
Expos beat Chicago. 

Hermanson (1-0) gave up four hits, 
including Sammy Sosa's home run. He 
struck out four and walked one as 
Montreal won its third straight same. 

Washington Post Service 

W ASHINGTON — Sometimes 
you can hardly believe that all 
foe chapters of a man's life 
really come out of the same book. You 
put them side by side and wonder, “Is 
this the same guy?” 

On die final Sunday at the Masters, 
Fuzzy ZoeUer walked slowly up foe ninth 
fairway after a lousy iron shot on his way 
to a 78. He looked like an overweight 
swaybacked old horse, not a 45-year-old 
golfer. No wonder he hasn't won a tour- 
nament in II years: His back problems 
exacerbate his weight problems and his 
weight problems kfll his back. 

A couple of hours later, ZoeUer talked 
to a television crew about Tiger "Woods; 
the comments were broadcast Sunday 
on CNN. 

“He’s doing quite welL Pretty im- 
pressive. The little boy is driving it well. 
He’s putting well. He’s doing everything 
it takes to win. So you know what you 
guys do when begets inhere? Pat him cxr 
the back. Say congratulations. Enjoy it. 
And tell him not to serve fried chicken 
next year. Got it? Or collard greens or 
whatever the hell they serve.” 

On Monday, after this film clip be- 
came a national explosion, ZoeUer pro- 
tested that his words were just an in- 
nocent joke about Woods’s choice of 
menu for next year’s Champions Din- 
ner. “My comments were not intended 
to be racially derogatory, and I apo- 
logize for foe feet that they were mis- 
construed in that fashion,” ZoeUer 

The PGA Tour also rushed to defend 
ZoeUer. “I have spoken to Fuzzy 
ZoeUer and he deeply regrets his com- 
ments at Augusta about Tiger Woods, 
especially in light of the way those 
comments have been interpret e d,” said 
the Tour's commissioner, Tim Fin- 
chem. “I am satisfied that the comments 
do not reflect Fuzzy's true feelings and 
that be meant no iU wiU toward Tiger or 
anyone else.’’ 

Meanwhile, Kmart Corp-, the U.S. 
retailer, dropped its longtime sponsor- 
ship of ZoeUer onTuesday, saying of Ins 
remarks: “Regardless of the context, 
they are contrary to Kmart's longstand- 
ing policies (hat ensure our wends and 
deeds arc without bias.” 

If you feel the mgs to cutZbefler much 
slack, watch the tape. That may cure you. 
ZoeUer isn’t smiling. He doesn't look 
happy. He looks annoyed, resentful. 
He’s got a cop of transparent liquid 
in his hand with a lime in it 
After saying, “Got it,” he snaps his 
fingers loudly. It’s an angiy dismissive 

Vantage Point/ Thomas Boswell 

gesture. The fine about “collard greens 
and whatever the beU they serve” is 
fired over his shoulder bode at the cam- 
era as akind of punctuation mark, just in 
case anybody missed his meaning. 

The first several times 1 watched the 
tape, I had a simple reaction: This is a 
vicious racist remark. How wfll Woods 
feel when he sees it? WiU it scar him? 

The golfboss is tormented because he 
knows aU the Zoelkrs over many years 
not just “that particular 20 seconds in 
front of a TV camera.” 

Finchcm read aloud comments rcq rfe 

How much of foe £ood that Woods has 
brought to golf will this stupid comment 

brought to golf will this stupid comment 
reverse? And what on earth has 
happened to Fuzzy to bring him to this? 

Until Woods arrived, foe most refresh- 
ing Masters winner of the last 20 years 
was ZoeUer in 1979. As ZoeUer walked 
down the final bole of a playoff with Tom 
Watson and Ed Sneed, be deliberately 
bumped into his young black caddie, 
Jeny Beard, then dug him playfully in the 
ribs. “I’ve been like a bund man with a 
seeiqg-eye dog all week,” ZoeUer, a 
Masters rookie, told the beaming Beard. 
“You sure enough got me here. Just read 
me one more putt." 

After ZoeUer made that putt and threw 
his puttier into Hogan Pond, the golf 
weald gradually got to know a man with a 
complex interior but an exterior so cheer- 
ful that it constituted a kind of armor. 

Z OEUER grew up rich near Louis- 
ville and, after a storied bachel- 
orhood. married into millions. His 
father-in-law. foe owner of Thornton Oil, 
threw a wedding for 950 guests. 

Fuzzy wasn't entirely comfortable on 
posh side of town. In New Albany, 

posh side of town. In New Albany, In- 
diana, he frequented joints such as 
Mike’s Tavern and The Old Pike Inn. 

The golf club where he hung out in his 
20s was tire Shawnee Golf Course; 
there, in foe center of Louisville’s black 
community, you were more likely to 
find golfers with minority backgrounds 
— about 25 percent — - than at almost 
any course in town. 

After his Masters victory, ZoeUer 
specifically thanked Moe Demling, foe 
pro at Shawnee. 

Demling, who is white, is still the pro 
at Shawnee. And he’s in shock. ‘Tve 
known Fuzzy Zoeller for 29 years,” 
Demling said Tuesday by phone from 
Shawnee. ‘‘He doesn't have a bigoted 
bone in his body as far as I’ve ever seen. 
He’s come here over foe years and 
worked with clinics with minority chil- 
dren. He enjoys it and they love him.” 

What counts and what doesn't? Fm- 
chem feels the problem acutely. 

smoking, cussing, sipping a beer , and 
wisecracking while others let golf drive 
them crazy. He’s always played dumb 
when it suited him; so, many win be- 
lieve him when he says lie’s just “a 
jokesfer who stuck his foot in hfc 
mouth. , 

Should we buy it? ■* 

Asrecently as last month, ZoeUer was 

tohSfX ft* 6 ' at lio AJ4. to hy 

My m sett-inflicted rock- 


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ZoeUer s apology be rejected, that fop 
golfer be “condemned” by all Amer- 
icans and “shunned” by fellow pro- 
fessionals. * 

‘Tm not surprised by tire reaction, 1 ’ 
Rncbem said. * ‘At best, what Fuzzy s afii ^ 
was politically incorrect At worst, it was 
a classic example of language which we 
think of as representing racist attitudes. 

“But we need to give weight to who 
said iL” 

T HE PGA TOUR has foe power tp 
fine or suspend players fra any 
“conduct unbecoming 8 profes- 
sional.' ' Such disciplinary measures 
have almost never been mufe public. 
According to sources, Fmchem will not 
discipline ZoeUer. 

Thai’s certainly an ethical mistake. 
And probably a public-relations blun- 
dex, too. The Tour should knock ZoeUQr 
flat with a public reprimand, a big fine 
and a long suspension. Then it can pick 
him up, dust him off and start talking 

again about what a decent guy be is. 

Zoeller has always cultivated his int \ 
age as the Dean Martin of golf— chain ? 
smokm?. eitKsm* tim w. . _ i j 

I w / *2" 

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a-“f^"|sss * 

friends. ” y S«y needs 



Yankees and Irabu: High Stakes 

By Malcolm Moran 

New York Times Service 

NEW, YORK — In acquiring Ids 
Degotiatingrights in a trade with the 
San DiegpFadres, the New York Yan- 
kees have taken an .essential step in 
their intense pursuit of die Japanese 
pitcher Hideki Irabu. 

Irabu, a. 27-year-old right-hander 
who has been compared to Nolan Ry- 
an and Roger Oenssns, was sent to the 
Yankees for Rubai Rivera, a minor 
league outfielder recovering from 
shoulder surgery, Rafael Medina, a 
minor league pitcher, and $3 million 
according to a statement from Major 

But Mule Major League Baseball 
■c onfir med Tuesday evening that the 
''trade had been m ade , die Yankees 
-made no public announcement, and 
' Irabu’s agent implied that his client 
-land the Yankees were headed for a 
-high-stakes struggle for leverage in 
'contract negotiations. 

“ *‘I don't know if I’d classify us as 
'happy or unhappy," Irabu's agent. 

Don Nomura, said by telephone Tues- 
day, night. “I have no reaction or feel- 
ing for it We were preparing to re-sign 
wife Lotte since the 18th of March. I 
guess this gives us another option." 

According to the Major League 
Baseball statement, die trade is de- 
pendent upon an agreement between 
the Yankees and Irabu. The Yankees 
would appear to have leverage, because 
Irabu has said he would not play for any 
other major league team. But the pitch- 
er has demonstrated his resolve. In 
addition, the Japanese League is ex- 
pected to issue a ruling Thursday de- 
ten u n i n g whether Irabu is a free agent 
who can sign with any team. 

So a complex process that included 
months of negotiations and has dom- 
inated discussion around the team 
since spring training may still be in its 
early stages. But the Yankees have at 
least won die chance to negotiate with 
a player they have pursued with the 
intensity cmoe reserved for Catfish 
Hunter and Reggie Jackson. 

If the deal goes through and Irabu is 
signed, it still requires fee approval of 

Major League Baseball's 12-member 
executive council. But that approval 
appeared to become a formality Tues- 
day when Fred Wilpon, fee president of 
fee Mas and a member of the executive 
counciL said he would not oppose fee 
deal. The Mets had been the Yankees' 
primary rival in fee pursuit of Irabu. 

The Yankee manager, Joe Torre, 
said he had not been involved in the 
organization's discussions about ob- 
taining Irabu, did not know how soon 
the pitcher might be available and was 
not certain how Irabu would be used if 
a contract agreement was reach e d. 

“The bullpen comes to mind for me 
right how.” Torre said, “only because 

can’t see any one of my five starters, at 
this point, being in the bullpen." 

Irabu had a record of 12-6 last year 
wife fee Chiba Lotte Marines, a fifth- 
place team in the six-team Pacific 
League. He struck out 167 batters in 
157 innings, wife 5 9 walks and 108 hits. 
He did not earn a save. 

, Victorious 6-4, Shoot for Sweep 

" in • 

The Associated Press 

Valeri Zgepufcm scared three goals 
as New Jersey beat Montreal, 6-4, to 
move within one victory of sweeping 
their first-round playoff series. 

New Jersey holds a 3-0 lead in the 
best-of-seven Eastern Conference 

Zelepokin scored twice in fee second 
period Tuesday night and put fee vis- 
iting Devils up, 5-4, at 7:50 of the third 

on a power play, redirecting a Shawn 
Chambers pass from the point. 

. j£. Saku Korvu, who tied the game, 4-4, 
wife his first goal of the playoffs for 
Montreal at4:37 of the third period, was 
serving his fourth minor penalty of fee 
game when Zelepokin scored ' fee go- 
ahead goal. 

Brian Rolston seated shorthanded in- 
to an empty net wife 59 seconds left 
Bw b h 4, PntiMr* s Esa Tikkanen 
bounced a shot off fee goalnet camera 
wife 3:31 left in overtime to give New 
York a 2rl lead in fee series. 

TDdcanen's hard slap shotrang off the 
inside of the Florida net and caromed 
out, forcing several minutes of review 
before the shot was ruled good. - 
An apparent winning goal for visiting 
Florida at 2:44 of fee overtime was 
waved off when referee Dan Marouelli 
ruled Scott Mellanby bad interfered 
wife New York’s goal tender, Mike 

BtacUnwIa ft, Avatench* 3 Bob 

Probert, known more for brawling than 
scoring, had two of Chicago’s four 
second-period goals as the host Black- 
hawks evened the series at two games 

Bfcm 4, Rad Wings O Geoff Couitnall 
scored two goals and Grant Fuhr got his 
second shutout of the playoffs as host St. 
Louis tied fee series at two games 

CourtnaH was a goat in fee Blues’ 3-2 
loss in Game 3, drawing a five-minute 
major and game misconduct in fee 
second period for head-butting Kirk 

stars 4, oa«r* 3 Brent Gilchrist and 
Jamie Langenbrunner scored third-peri- 
od goals and visiting Dallas hung on to 
defeat Edmonton and even their playoff 
series at two games apiece. 

Coyote* 2, M ighty Ducks 0 Bob 
Corkum broke a scoreless tie on an 
unassisted goal wife 7: 1 5 left in the third 
period and host Phoenix went an to even 
the playoff series at two games apiece. 

Teppo Numminen scored into an 
empty net wife six seconds remaining. 

Schalke Grabs 
Extra- Time 
Goal to Reach 
UEFA Final 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — An extra-time goal by 
the Belgian forward Marc Wilmots fired 
Schalke 04 into its first European final 
wife a 2-0 victory over Tenerife in a 
UEFA Cup semifinal match. 

Tenerife, of Spain, had won the first- 
leg match, 1-0, so S chalke advanced on 
aggregate, 2-1, with fee victory Tuesday 

The German club could field U.S. 
players Tom Dooley and David Wagner 
in the final against Inter Milan, which 

TaiUEFA Cup 

ousted fee French league leader, 
Monaco, on 3-2 aggregate despite los- 
ing, 1-0, in Monte Carlo on Tuesday 
ni ght. 

A sellout crowd of 58,624 at the 
Parkstadion in Gelsenkirchen, Ger- 
many, saw defender Thomas Linke fire 
Schalke ahftad in the 68th tniniiTw to put 
the two teams level overall. Schalke had 
kept the pressure on Tenerife wife a 
series of comer kids, and T-mln» finally 
climbed to haul one home. 

Tenerife’s goalkeeper, Benge An- 
dersson, touched fee header but 
couldn’t hold it. 

Wihnots netted the winner in the 
1 07th minute when OlafThon swung in 
a free kick from the left and fee Belgian 
headed home. 

“It was really a dream for me.' ’ said 
Linke. “We really accomplished 
something sensational in this UEFA 
Cup. With these great fans backing us 
we turned the thing around. Now we 

The two-leg final is to be held May 7 
and 21 wife Schalke, which has gone six 
Bundesliga games without a victory, 
hosting the first game. Inter Milan hopes 
to add to its UEFA Cup titles in 1991 
and 1994. 

In Monte Carlo, Prince Rainier and 
Prince Albert saw Monaco's Martin 
Djetou and 19-year-old Thierry Henry 

4W *7t 

Planck Hmog/AGOKS Fmee-Pwur 

Monaco’s Sonny Anderson executing an aerial shot, flanked by Inter Milan 
players in their UEFA Cup semifinal. Milan advanced 3-2 on aggregate. 

have two goals disallowed before fee 
team’s Nigerian star, Victor Ikpeba, 
fired in the only goal of fee game in the 
69th minute . 

Ikpeba, one of the stars of Nigeria's 
Olympic gold medal team last summer, 
collected a deflection and fired home 
wife his right foot from only 10 yards (9 
meters) out. 

Monaco maintained the pressure but 
was unable to score again. 

■ Middlesbrough in FA Cup Final 

Middlesbrough reached the English 
FA Cup Final for the first rime in its 12 1 - 
year history, thanks to a Dane, an Italian 
and a B razilian who all scored in a 3-0 
se mifinal victory over Chesterfield, 
Reuters reported from Sheffield, Eng- 

The biggest impact on the game 
Tuesday night was made by another of 
Middlesbrough's overseas signings — 
the Br azilian J iminh n who had an out- 
standing match and was unlucky to have 
what seemed to be a perfectly good goal 
disallowed for an innocuous foul by a 
teammate . 

Mikkel Beck of Denmark (12th 
minute), Fabrizio Ravanelli of Italy 

(57th) and Emerson of Brazil (89th) all 
found fee net as the Premier League 
team finally overcame fee stubborn re- 
sistance of second-division Chester- 
field, which held Middlesbrough to a 3- 
3 draw in the clubs' first encounter. 

Middlesbrough is to meet Chelsea in 
the Cup Final at Wembley Stadium on 
May 17, a match that could feature five 
Italians — the former Juventus team- 
mates Ravanelli and Chelsea's Gianluca 
Vi alii, as well as Chelsea's Gianfranco 
Zola and Roberto di Matteo and 
Middlesbrough's Gianluca Festa. 

The victory meant that Middles- 
brough’s up-and-down season could yet 
end on a high note. It will be Middles- 
brough’s second final after losing to 
Leicester in the League Cup Final, yet 
Middlesbrough could still become fee 

Middlesbrough could still become fee 
first team in English soccer history to 
win the FA Cup and be relegated. 

Middlesbrough's manager, Bryan 
Robson, who captained Manchester 
United to three Cup Fxnal victories in 
19S3, 1985 and 1990, was delighted 

“If we win the Cup and stay up." he 
said, “this wouldn't have been a trou- 
bled season after all. 


Major Lsaouc Stamdmm** 


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Mknh M0 MO 108-5 7 • 

OoMnnO 188 801 811-8 S 1 

Rndfce, Noully 00, Agu Oera B) and 
Stetabadv MoNar. Acre (7) and Mnfcta. 
W-ftate* 1-1. L MoMfc 0-2. 
Sv-A8u8«o K). HRs— Minnesota! Hocting 
Ok Oakland Cannes (39. McGuire (7). 

Chicago ooo m ooo-a ■ o 

MfcWW 380 Nf tar-a 9 0 

OJJorwkv (7k "Lmtad Cffl’and- 

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OQi RnMyen (7) and Hanes, Ufebcter (91. 
W-Miwftu J-L. L—D. Donate 0-Z 
Sv— RoMyos TO. HRs— fiattfcnonv EJXnrts 
Ok R. Ptenebo (5). 

Bastsa 281 0X1 HU 15 3 

acMfmf 881 080 106— Z 4 0 

Amy, B- Henry (71 and Hatenra u Ogea, 
Shuey W, KB« Q0. Aseenmacher ft) and 5. 
AfaMKK W— Amy, H. L-Ogea, 2-2. Su-B. 
Henry CO. HRs— Boston, Oleary CO. 
Jefinsan Ok Gadapam CD. demand. 
Setter Ok 

Mtew u tee 100 8*1 080-3 c 2 

Now York 011 000 OOn-lD M 1 

D-AmfcA McAndmw tSk VBtaa* 0D and 
Leris ramie and GtnmS. vWillltoW. 
L-D-AndcA 0-1. HRs-NUhmdWk Mia 

Kanos Oty 100 MQ 001—3 S 1 

Seattle 882 888 Ufe-7 18 8 

Btkim Bate (8k X MUtor W, PlcMido 
00 and MacfartanB Fassenv Hurtado (9k 
Ctuttoa ®) and Da.VHson. W T o amn v*- 

0. L— Bckhsb >3. HR— Seattte Can O). 
Ttarauto 380 8*1 103-7 It 9 

AnaMa 302 888 180-1 7 2 

Hanson. Quote* tBk Ptesac (9) and 
OBitevWUsan Hasegawa (7k Haitz (CD, P. 

Hants (8k James (9) and Leyritz. 
W— Ouanlrffl. 3-1. L— James, 1-2. 
Sv Plenjc (1). HRs— Toronto, A Gaandez 
(2k Smgue (3k Antedm, DtSardna CO, 


dacteail 880 na 001-2 7 2 

Near York 820 318 10*-? 18 1 

Srafley, Banes £5k Conasaa on and 
FotdyasILRsedand Hundley- W— R-Reod, 
1-1. L— State* 1-4. Hft-Ondnnatb W. 
Gneae Ofr_ 

CMcna^ mb. aa0r-4-.a-.i-. 

.Meatretd . • . 110 M Mir^-,8 4., 

Swarbbaugh, R. TBits (5), Batttidlatd (7) 
am! Senate ttat m an a on, Boat (6). L Smflfr 
(Hk Urbina W and WMger. W-Hamamon, 
i-o. Lr-MnmbauBii, o-l. HRs— CWcoga 
San CO. Montreal. Strang* (Tk 
Florida OK BOB 202—4 * 1 

Cntoroda 431 800 Bte-18 19 8 

Rapp. F. Heredta Ok Pdwefl (O, Nen M) 
and C Johnson AJtetoy and Manwnrfng 
w — R. Bailey, Mi l— R app, 3-1. 

HRs— Florida, Aiou 2 (51. Colorado, Burks 

a ). 

Haostn 800 410 185-12 15 1 

SoaDtnge 881 0M 820-8 7 3 

Reynolds. B. WOgnnr (9] and Ausmus 
Votonreata Cmnana Kk DlVww fflk 
Bergman (91 and FWterly. W— Reynolds. 3- 

1. L— VatonzuHa. 1-2. HRs— Houston. 
B ag w el l Mk San Dtogct Owyrm (4k 
SLUMS 010 082 003-5 II 0 

Las Angeles 200 ON 028-4 18 3 

Osborne, T. JJtaftiaws (8k Fttucotore (8k 
Edmnley (9) raid Wfcflea LampHn C5k 
Astocte Ratftosky (8k TaWorreO m and 
Piazza, w— Baseatam 1-1. L— TaWorrefl. 
O-l. Sv — EdwsteyM). 

NHL Playoffs 



New Jersey 2 2 2-5 

MMrtnu 2 1 1—4 

IS* Period: M-RnaJU 1 (XoMi, Brunei). Z 
New Jorsey. EBe»l (HoOk, Chambers) (pp). 
3. M , Thornton 1i(BteMmta, Suvoge) 4. 
ReccM 2 {^rbebite Bure} & NJ^Zeiepuldpl . . 
(Caipentod'MrscUnn} T, flj. 1 -. Uipiifetel 
(MncLeardSd PertorfcAii-Kolwl (RecdiOP, 

N Jo 2etapuHa3 (OranttiMs. EHasJ (ppkia 
NJj-RoWon X (on-sh). Stab an gate N_L- 
129-5-27. M- 109-6—25. GoaleSE NJ.- 
Bmdear. M-TTitoont 

(New Jersey leads (Mies 3-80 
Hortda 8 3 8 0—3 

N.Y. Roagen 2 8 11-4 

1st Petite New Ytafc Eastwood 1 C5un- 
dshaat, Udstert z New York, RobtaBe 2 
(Eastwood: UddeOted Pwlte F-Garpontoe 
2 (Murphy, 5*eMa) (ppk 4, F5hap-pant 1 
(MuBa Lindsay) 5. F> SveMa 1 (MuHert 
(ppk 3rd Period: New York. RoMtaHle 3 
(Messier. Gretzkyj Oswttne: 7, New York, 
TOdar nen 2 (LeeSdr) Shots oa gate F- 14-15- 
4-5-39. New York! 2-13-10-10—45- GoeOes: 
F-Vanbiesbrouck. New Y«x nchte. 

(New York tote series 2-1) 
Ootorade 2 0 1-3 

Ortoaga 1 4 1-5 

First Period: C-Anwdo 2 (CheUos) 2 Ov 
Janes 2 (SakH 2 C-Saldc 1 (Facsbeig, 
Kamensky} Ipp). Seawd FartteC-Prubern 
(Daze, Sovard) 5, C-Momau 1 (Atngnte 
SlKrtd6,C-Probcrr2(Shoirtz.Surer) (pp).7, 
C-Dubhteyi (Suteb BkidU Third Period: C- 



Amortte 3 OtMIBnr) (sh-on). 9, C-AMBhr 1 
(YeBb RiccO Shots ongoabC- 8-975—32. G- 
5-195-31. GooSos;C-Ray. c-HocketL 
(series tied 2-2) 

Detroit 0 0 0-0 

SL (juris 2 0 2— t 

lit Period: S.L-CaormaS 2 (McAlptan, 
HuO Z SJ_-Den*ra 1 (Huffl ted Period: 
Nana. 3d Period: SJ_rCouiWft 3 (Demttra, 
Pmngeri Qppk A SJ_-Pranger 1 (Donlkn. 
Huffl Shaft an gote D-9109-aB. SJ--15-10- 
7— Z7.Gwdin: D-Vemon, Osgood- SLL-Fuhr. 
(series Bed 2 - 2 ) 

Ddlas ... 1 .i.a_4 

E iteua toa 1 1 1—3 

Ffctt Period: E-Kovakentcp 2 (Arndt 

MUgM) (pp). Z D-Modano 3 (Sydor# 
Meuwendyfc) (pp). Second Period: U-RHd 1 
(Carhomeau) 4 E-, Amort 1 (Smyth, 
Kowdenka) (ppk TOrd Period: D-GDcMst 2 
(Mo dona Ludwig) 4 D-Longenbnmner 1 
(BaMn, Matsltal) 7, E-» Smyth 2 (WdgM, 
Antall) Shots on gote D- 149-7-33 E-12- 
10-11— 33. Goalee D-Moag. E-Joseph. - 
(series itodM) 

AateolN ■ « 0-4 

Phoenix 0 8 2-2 

1st Period: Nano. Tad Period: None. 3d 
Petite Phoenix, Cartoon !, Z Phaeate 
Nimrmeribi Z (on). Shots aa gate A- 4-14- 
14-32. Phoenix 1095-25. Goalies: A- 
Hebert SWoteriaw. Ptnenlx, Khabttujlln. 
(series fled 2 - 2 ) 


Sit LmtkK 330 cm 423 for HflM 
Pakistan: 378 
MatOr ended fei a draw. 

Euwopcam Final Four 


atymptolus, Greece, 74 L]ubi]ana Stow, 65 
Barcelona Spate 77 VtBautinma, Fmncn 70 

jmutw ewmofl hpb cusp ' 

Stamfings lor Ore Ryder Cup la be played 
5epL 26-28 at Vawennma in Sceognmde, 
Spain. The tap 10 bOshers auaRty tor the 12- 
man leoms and U5. captain Tom Kite and 
European captain Seve Baliestera each 
have two sdld-caid dtoiceK 


1. Tam Lehman 155286 pabiter Z Tiger 
WaadsBOtUtOOtk Mark O’Meara 793.7505 4. 
PhD AlUcfcstoCM 651 JBti 5. pate Love III 
5B5JOOOE & Scot? Hoch5BOte5t 7.Stove Janes 
579 JB5i A Brad Faxon 5S2S00; 9. Mark 
Brooks 549750: la Tommy Tones 549285; 
II. Paul S te tton eM 47X233 : 72 Fred Cou- 
ples 391L036. IX David Duval 39OJQ0ae 14. 
John Cook 376X0(8 15. Kenny Perry 371 350. 

1. Cofln Montgomerie, Scotland 341,947.49 

2. Miguel Angel Maifln, Spam 259,781.19 

3. Castantlno Rooco, Italy 25055087 

4. Thomas Bjorn, Denaxnk 240.80240 
i Paul Broadhuna, England xajn*33 

5 Danen Darke. NJretand 201 J79X2 
7. PonUMk Jabanssoa Sweden 195^0022 
A Ian WOasnanv VVOtes 1814U87B 
9. Jean van de Vekte Ranee 1 72*1 426 
la Peter MlRhefl, England 161,37500 
11. Lee Westwood England 16055X37 

12. Sam Tonanas Scotland 15007577 
12 Bernhard Laager, Germany 737J08J3 

14. Aruhew Cohort Scatkml 1 22^7048 

15. Roger chapman. England 12140135 


Uidlod Arab EaWratos i Bahrain 0 

ufa raw 

Monaa* Franc* 1, tntemazlonale, Italy 0 
intonvon 3-2 on agpegate 
Sctwfte. Gonna iw Z Tanerlte Spam 0 
(1 4) after 90 rrdtwtas) 

Schalke wan 2-1 an aggregate. 


Chesterfield a MMdWbmugh > 

Bksddwm 4, Sheffield Werhtasday 1 
Leeds a Aslan Via 0 
Sunderland a Southampton l 
Wimbledon a Cbeteeo 1 
snMMOSt Manchester United- 69: Ar- 
senaf 6& Lfrerpaal 54 Newcastle 6ft Aston 
VIHa 581; Sheffield Wednesday 55c Chelsea 55: 
Wimbledon 49: Leeds 44; Toner ham 43; Ev- 
erton 42; Derby *3s Bladibum 41; Leioester 
40; Southaresiton 3ft Coventry 3& Sun dertand 
37; West Ham 3& MkMesbmugtt 3ft Not- 
tingham Forest 32. 


san diego—' T raded Hants to RHP HldeM 

Irabu, 2B Homer Bush. OF Gatdan Amerson 
and OF Vernon Maxweft so New York Yan- 
kees tor S3 ml man, OF Ruben Rivero and 
RHP Rafael Medina, pencBng approval final 
ruing executive council. 


phoenix— Activated F-C Motfc Brynm tram 
into red Hst De-odtvoted C Horock) Llamas 
from ptayofT raster. 

Vancouver— Renewed contmet of Lionel 
HolHns, asslsiant coach. DecBned la renew 
amtracts of Rnt Hughes and Jhrnny PoweU, 
assistant coaches. 


SAN FRAHCtSCO —Agreed to terms with K 
Ryan Um gwefl amt WR Nafl Benlainin. 

tampa bay— S igned LB Eddie Mmxv LB 
Greg BeHbait DE Patrick Garth, OB Jason 
Martin, G Brian Newnam, CB am Sham- 
burger, WR Cornell us White FB Jermane 
WDtams- Signed G Derrick Deroe to 3-year 
contract. Released S Charies Anthony. 

Ottawa -Announced tetremenl of QB 
David Arch er. 


LomrrUe. Adtvakd RB Siren Slacy. 


hhl— Fined Montreal Canodlem 0 Dave 
Maroon fi MO for criticizing referee Stephen 
WoBcom after Saturdays 4-1 lass to New Jer- 

edmomton —R ecalled 0 Bryan Mutrfrem 
Hamilton of me ANL. 
lds AHGELES-Rred general manager 

Sam McMaster. Reassigned chief hockey op- 
erations officer Ragle Vochon. Named Dave 
Taytar tor presidenl and general manager 
and signed hUn la 4-year contrad. 


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PAGE 20 



The Golf Hurdle 

Russia’s Pop Diva Seeks Fame in the West 

JV everyone else I am one 
of Tiger Wood’s biggest fans. 
He is a role mode! to yoong 
people ail over the country. 
There’s only one problem 
with Tiger as a 
role model — 
so few kids can 
afford the sport 
that he excels 

If you want 
to be another 
Michael Jor- 
dan, all you vf* 

Jo n hi™, Buchwald 

everyday sport. It requires 
five miles of perfect turf, 
dozens of sand traps and a set 
of clubs that cost a minimum 
of $350. 

By Alessandra Stanley 

New York Times Service 

need is a hoop Ducnwaia 
and 10 feet of concrete. If you 
want to be another Cal Rip- 
ken, you take over an empty 
lot and lay down four flour 
sacks for bases. If you want to 
be the next Andre Agassi you 
go to the local playground and 
play a couple of games on the 
tennis court 

But Tiger Woods plays 
golf — and golf is not your 

Of Auctions 

And Catalogues 

Washington Post Service 

bassador Pamela Harri- 

▼ V bassador Pamela Hard- 
man. who died in February in 
Paris, is getting a 20,000-copy 
press run for Sotheby's auction 
of her estate in New York from 
May 19to2i. 

The 1,150 Jots include a 
John Singer Sargent painting 
(estimate $750,000 to $ 1 mil- 
lion) and half a dozen Louis 
XV chairs ($60,000 to 
$80,000 for all six). 

By comparison, Jacqueline 
Kennedy Onassisgot 120,000 
hardcover and softbound cat- 
alogues for Sotheby's sella- 
thon last April. Pop Art king 
Andy Wariioi’s collections 
— from art to cookie jars — 
rated 30,000, said a spokes- 
man, Matthew Weigman. 

Despite the odds, the kids 
of America are determined to 
get involved with the sport. 
Here's what's happening 
throughout the land. 

“What can I do for you, 
young man?” 

“I want to play golf like 
Tiger Woods." 

“You mean you want to 
join our club to play goLf.” 


“We already have one 
member of your ethnic per- 
suasion, but I am sure we can 
accommodate two. Our ini- 
tiation fee is $50,000 and we 
charge $1,000 a month in 
green fees.” 

“I don't see anything 
wrong with that as long as I get 
to play like Tiger Woods.’ 

“Are you married?” 

“No, I'm only 16 years 
old. Why do you ask?” 

“If you were married, your 
wife would be permitted to 
play every other Thursday and 
she must be accompanied by a 
male relative if she wishes to 
have a drink at the bar.” 

“Maybe that’s why Tiger 
isn’t married.” 

“Now I’d like to explain 
our bail policy. A member 
may only play with new golf 
bolls. If your ball picks up dirt 
along the way, you have to 
toss it in a water and forfeit a 

“This is a fun club.” 

“Out of curiosity, why 
don't you play on a public 

“Because they make you 
tee off at three in the morning, 
and every golfer out there acts 
as if he really is the next Tiger 

M OSCOW — There is a well- 

known joke in Russia about a new > 
post-Soviet encyclopedia. The editors 
describe Leonid Brezhnev as a “minor 
political figure in the time of Pugache- 

Alla Pugacheva, a pop singer who 
burst into stardom in the mid-1970s, is 
the most famous woman in Russia. 
Tempestuous and uninhibited even in 
the strait-laced days of Communist rule, 
Pugacheva, who is 48 and living with 
bar fourth husband, still flaunts the kind 
of diva audacity and self-indulgence 
that shocks ami tantalizes her fans. 

‘ ‘She is not just the most popular singer 
here,” said Artyom Troitsky. a former 
music critic who is now the editor in 
chief of Russian Playboy. “She is the 
most popular human being in Russia.” 

She has sold more than 100 million 
records, as many as Michael Jackson or 
the Beaties, all in the old Soviet bloc. 
Beloved by millions of Russian fans as 
a quintessential Slavic artist, all fiery 
temperament, womanly suffering and 
soul, she feels invisible in the West 
“Bene Midler. Tina Turner, they are 
ray colleagues.” she said somewhat 
plaintively in an interview in her lavish 
Bel Air-style apartment in Moscow. “I 
want them to know I exist” 

Pugacheva is perhaps the most vivid 
illustration of a humbling paradox haunt- A1 
ing former Soviet artists. Democracy 
brought down the barriers to financial success 
and free expression that had existed under the 
Communist system, but pop music still flows 
mainly in one direction, from the West to the 
Hast Moreover, the cachet that some Soviet- 
era pop musicians had in the United States and 
Europe back when their music was officially 
frowned upon at home has evaporated. 

But even as Pugacheva struggles to make 
her mark in the non-Russian world, she has 
already almost single-handedly introduced 
Hollywood glitz and celebrity spin control 
into her own country. 

Pugacheva, whose career took off in 1 977 
with a hit ballad, “Arlelrino,” was never a 
dissident, but her mournful love songs, 
funky pop tunes and sexy stage presence 
affronted prim Soviet party officials. She 
was apolitical, but seen as a free spirit in an 
era when state-approved entertainers were 

ptomchevaT always the subject of ru- 
mors and back-fence gossip, . » 
warpath against the^ b^ 
mushroomed across Russia in the test 
few years. Most have retreated undCT 
her fire. “We went too far, sard 
Tatyana Filimovona, deputy edrtor m 
chief of Ekspress-Gazm, which pub- 
lished, then retracted, a story about a 
rival singer who mocked her age and 

, v S j rt 

Alla Pugacheva greets fans as she arrives for a concert in her honor in Moscow. 

sss anything but. Now, she is revered as a na- they also serialized a few anodyne passages $21 

anything but. Now, she is revered as a na- 
tional. if slightly naughty, icon. 

She has declared war against Russia’s 

print -anything tabloids while also marketing 
her fame to sell everything from perfume and 

her fame to sell everything from perfume and 
designer shoes to President Boris Yeltsin, 
whose re-election she endorsed last summer. 

Not surprisingly. Pugacheva is also the 
subject of the first unauthorized biography 
of a celebrity to appear in Russia. Titled 
“Alka, Allochka, Alla Borisovna,” the 
book, by Aleksei Belyakov, traces her many 
professional triumphs, marriages, tempes- 
tuous affairs, seething feuds, breakdowns 
and comebacks. 

Overall it is a sympathetic portrait. It is a 
measure of her clout that the editors at 
Vagrius. a major publishing house, 
nervously presented her with a copy before 
the book was frilly printed. As insurance. 

in an influential newspaper. Argument! i 
F akti, whose editor in chief. Vladislav 
Starkhov. is a friend of Pugacheva. “I was 
afraid,” said the book's publisher, Igor Za- 
kharov. “I had to jump over her.” 

Pugacheva said she had not yet read the 
book, but would comb through it for mis- 
takes. Asked if she would sue if the pub- 
lishers refused to cut parts she considered 
offensive, she tossed her trademark red- 
blond mane and replied, “Of course.” 

She has already filed a libel suit against 
Otar Kushanashvm, a freelance journalist 
who said nasty things about her on a television 
entertainment program. Not long after that 
appearance, he was badly beaten up by thugs. 
He said Pugacheva was behind the beating. 
She told the newspaper Komsomolskaya 
Pravda that he must have staged h himself 

%eare not afiuid of her, butweare 
afraid of losing our readers, Ftii- 
movona said ‘‘They don't want «> rad 
anything too bad about her. ohe 
sighed. “Unfortunately, she is the only 
real star in Russia. We would prefer 
more of a consteDation. Even when we 
don’t want to write about her, our read- 
eis demand still more and more. 

At home, in a vast firing room 
cluttered with gilt Louis XV chairs, 
posters, awards and portraits, Puga- 
cheva seemed fairly relaxed about the 
coverage. ”1 read the tabloids myself; I 
uictt them,” she said. She laughed off 
tabloid rumors about her husband, F3- 
L ippKiikorov.apop star who is 18 years 
her junior. ‘ ‘They say everything about 
him — some say he is gay, others say he 
is a terrible womanizer. It is useless to 
deny or try to prove anything. Only I 
know that he is what I really need.” 
Kirkorov, who is also her publicity 
SU agent and manager, organized a lavish 
birthday tribute to her last week. About 
10,000 fans bought tickets costing $6 to 
$200 to see die top stars of Russia serenade 
her with her own songs. Politicians rang in g 
from the ultranarionalist Vtodunir 
Zhiri novsky to the new first deputy prime 
minister, Boris Nemtsov, lavished her with 
flowers and praise. Her husband gave her a 
white 30-foot stretch Lincoln Town Car 
filled with roses. 

She puzzled and disappointed many Rus- 
sian fans when she decided to enter this 
year's EurorisioQ Song Contest, an inter- 
national pop music competition considered 
bokey and studiously avoided by well- 
known singers. Prodded by her husband, she 
recorded die song she wrote for tire contest, 
“P rims Drama,” in French and English as 
well as Russian. “I probably will not win,” 
she said. “But I will remind people of who I 
am. Charles Aznavoor is famous worldwide. 
I am known only here.'* 

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T HE U.S. Air Force has named a 
cargo plane after Bob Hope tocora- 

X cargo plane after Bob Hope to com- 
memorate the more than half century the 
comedian spent entertaining U.S. troops 
around the world. The Air Force ded- 
icated a C-17 Globem aster III as The 
Spirit of Bob Hope in Long Beach, 
California. The 93-year-old entertainer, 
whose visits to generations of overseas 
troops are holiday rituals, was on hand 
for the cargo plane's dedication. Hope's 
name has already put out to sea. Last 
month, the navy christened a 33,000-ton 
support vessel the USNS Bob Hope. 

a good breakfast in advance of going to 

Sin Wiuildi/llwaa 

The Spirit of Bob Hope: The man, the entertainer and the plane. 

How’s Ed Koch doing? Just fine now 
that he’s off the lettuce-for-breakfast 
diet. The former New York mayor felt 
lightheaded afterexercising at his health 
club; paramedics were summoned and 
took Koch's blood pressure, which 
‘ ‘was lower than it should be.’ ’ he said, 
“but it came back.” Koch. 72. blames 
the incident on a diet he started last week 
* ‘that involved no carbohydrates — and 
pills.” “My breakfast under this diet 
was lettuce.” he said. “That's not such 

And speaking of New York mayors. 
Kenny Kramer, the real person behind 
Kramer on “Seinfeld,” says he wants to 
run in the Democratic primary. Previous 
political experience? “I vote in every 
election.” said the S3 -year-old Kramer, 
whose oddball persona and aversion to 
work inspired the character played by 
Michael Richards in the TV series. 
Kramer, whose employment history in- 
cludes making jewelry, managing a reg- 
gae band ana doing stand-up comedy, 
needs 15,000 signatures by June 3 to get 
on the ballot for the September primary. 
Larry David, co-creator of “Sein- 
feld,” spent 10 years living across the 
hall from the real Kramer. 

sick was the hardest decision I’ve ever 
made.” Schwarzenegger said. “I can 
now look forward to a long, healthy life 
with my family.” He is expected to 
recuperate until late May and then begin 
promoting his new movie, “Batman 
and Robin.” 

Chancellor Hehnnt Kohl and his 
wife. HanneJore, have sued the German 
edition of Penthouse magagiiif* for pub- 
lishing a cartoon that depicts Mrs. Kohl 
draped naked across the hood of a lim- 
ousine. They are seeking damage* from 
the magazine’s publisher, Petri Veriag, 
and the two chief editors of the mens 
m agaz ine , court offic i als sa i d. Details of 
the lawsuit and tire names of the editors 
were not immediately released. 

fans after officials began looking into 
ways of stopping the May 10 show at the 
city-owned Richmond Coliseum. After 
meeting with its attorneys, tire City 
Council voted to allow the concert, but 
City Manager Robert C.Bobb saidthe 
band isn’t welcome and its fans will be 
closely watched by. pofice. The band is 
known for raunchy bo-stage antics and 
songs. It has run into similar opposition 


fori r i/i if Ei 

Arnold Schwarzenegger left a Los 
Angeles hospital after a six-day stay for 
heart surgery to correct a congenital 
valve condition. "Choosing to undergo 
open-heart surgery when I never felt 

City officials in Richmond, Virginia, 
wifi allow the shock rocker Marilyn 
Manson to perform, but they're not 
happy about it The American Civil 
Liberties Union of Virginia had 
threatened to sue on behalf of Manson 

. Chelsea Clinton sat in on a class, ate 
dinne r in a packed dining haO . and 

low-key visit to Yale University! die 
Yale Daily News reported. Chelsea has 
very little time to reach a decision on her 
scholastic future as most top schools 
require students to enroll by May 1. 
Harvard reportedly offered admission to 
her earlier this month, along with . 
Wellesley College, where her mother f 
went to undergraduate school Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and Hllbuy Rod- 
ham Clinton met while attending Yale 
Law School. 

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