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The Worid’s Dally Newspaper 


Paris, Friday, April 25, 1997 

No. 35.505 

Of Lima Hostages 

Stockholm Syndrome Weakened Rebels 

By Julia Preston 

NewPorkTSmes Service 

LIMA — Moments after a thun- 
dering explosion signaled the begin- 
ning of tbe mibtary raid to rescue the 
72 hostages is the residence of the 
Japanese ambassador, a young guer- 
rilla burst into the second-floor bed- 
room where several high-level gov- 
ernment officials were held. 

Trembling, the rebel' trained his 
rifle on Rodolfo Munante San- 
guinetti. the Peruvian minister of ag- 
riculmre, who was lying on the floor 

Tbe Japanese foreign minister 
showers praise on Lima. Page 6. 

trying to protect himself from the 
falling plaster and flying shrapnel 
generated by die bomb blast. 

The guerrilla appeared ready to 
carry out a plan he had rehearsed 
perhaps two dozen rimes during the 
126 days he and 13 others from the 
leftist Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement had occupied the Japanese 
compound. The rebels had told their 
captives repeatedly that if govern- 
ment troops attacked, their orders 
were to kill the hostages and then, if 
necessary, themselves. 

Tbe young man. a fierce-lookmg 
figure in his combat uniform, wrapped 
his finger around the trigger. Mr. Mim- 
ante recounted Wednesday. Then, 
with a look, of agony, he lowered his 
gun, turned around and walked out the 
door. Soon after, he and all the other 
guerrillas were dead. 

“He was going to shoot me,” Mr. 
Munante said. “He could have done 
it. But be didn't.” 

The daylight assault Tuesday that 
freed 71 hostages was a triumph of 
military planning and prepara tion. 
But in interviews Wednesday, several 
hostages suggested the raid's success 
also stemmed from the weakening of 
the rebels' determination and unity 
over four months of siege. 

Hostages have, at times, c ome to 
identify with their captors — the so- 
called Stockholm syndrome. In this 
case, according to tbe hostages, tbe 
tables were tinned and the captors 
began to soften toward their prison- 

Tbe. Tupac Amar u fighters* 
strategy of prolonging the impasse 
contributed to their undoing, they 
began to disagree among themselves, 
and over time appeared to let down 
their guard, the hostages said. 

Tbe rebels had planned their attack 
on the ambassador's residence to last 
a few days. But as tbe government 
repeatedly refused to meet their de- 
mands, it tinned into a four-month 
standoff, with an extraordinarily large 
number of captives, inclndfng Peru- 
vian government officials police 
officers and foreign diplomats. 

“We knew we were dealing, un- 
fortunately, with a psychopath, * said 
Carlos Blanco, a Peruvian congress- 
man who was among the hostages 
freed in the raid, ref err i ng to Nestor 
Cerpa Cartolini, the leader of the 
Tupac Amaru movement. 

See HOSTAGE, Page 6 


63-Year- Old Gives Birth , 


-By-Gina Kolata 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — In a feat that has 
raised questions about the uses of med- 
ical science, a 63-year-old woman gave 
birth to a healthy baby girL Her doctors 
say that as far as they know, she is the 
oldest woman ever to give birth. 

The woman was well past meno- 
pause, but she became pregnant by us- 
ing a donated egg from a ranch younger 

Tbe woman’s doctors refused to 
identify the woman, saying she was 
adamant about preserving her privacy; 
They said only that she lived in tbe Los 
Angeles area, that her baby was de- 
livered by Caesarean section l ate la st 
year, that the woman’s postoperative 
course was uneventful and mat she 
breast-fed her baby. 

Tbe fertility center that assisted her 
bars women over 55. but her doctor said 
she had lied about Iter age. 

The woman’s successful pregnancy 
and births to other older mothers raise 
questions about whether there should be 
an age limit for pregnancy and, if so, 
who should deride that a woman is too 
old to bear a child. 


Mr. Blair and his wife, Cherie, left, taking tea Thursday with an election worker in south London. 

Tbr Aewiated Press 

Seoul’s Uneasy Query: Is Defector Real? 

„ -Doctors who run infertility centers set 
Their own age linrits T or pregnancies and 
decide for themselves who is a suitable 
mother. Some find it abhorrent that 
women past menopause can now bear 
children, while others find it only fair 
that old women, like old men, can be- 
come parents. 

“I’m on her side,” said Ronald Mun- 
son, an efhicist at the University of 

Arbitrary age entofis are “just a mat- 
ter of age discrimination,” he said, 
adding that it is irrational to wink and 
grin at an older man who has a new baby 
but to lock with horror at an older wom- 

“Quite frankly, lean understand why 
that woman tied,” Mr. Munson said. 

Until recently, and despite the grow- 
ing use of donor eggs, doctors would 
never have suspected drat a woman who 
was 63 — or even 55 — could become 
pregnant and cany a fetus to term. 

“We really believed that, as we see in 
other animals, that as women reached 

By Kevin Sullivan 

Washington Past Service 

SEOUL — There’s Hwang Jang Yop 

mtting m qp pflsy chair reading feg news- 
paper and watching TV. There he is 
touring South Korea's national 
cemetery, bowing and burning incense 
to honor die nation's fallen soldiers. 
There he is marveling at Seoul's nox- 
ious traffic jams. 

Just about anything the 74-year-old 
former college professor does these 
days is front-page news here. In every 
movement, every statement and every 
item on his breakfast menu. South 
Korea is looking for clues: Is the 
highest-ranking defector In North 
Korean history for real, or just another 
illusion in the forest of mirrors sur- 
rounding the Stalinist land? 

“We are confused,*’ said Kim II 
Soon. 59. a housewife catching a bus in 
central Seoul. “On the one hand, I want 

to believe him. But I cannot completely 
trust him or anyone else from the North. 
They have so many faces. ’ * 
Determining whether to believe Mr. 
Hwang is of critical importance to South 
Korea and its allies. Mr. Hwang has said 
that North Korea is preparing for war far 
more aggressively than most experts 
had believed. And he has said the North 

Pyongyang wants VS. diplomatic 
ties before talks, Seoul says. Page 4. 

possesses nuclear weapons, which most 
analysts have tended to doubt. 

But no one doubts Mr. Hwang's ex- 
tensive rdsumd: For decades, he has been 
a member of North Korea’s secretive 
inner circle. He was a friend of tbe late 
national founder Kim II Sung and taught 
communist theory to Kira’s son, the 
current leader. Kim Jong D. He was the 
chief architect of North Korea's guiding 

philosophy, known as juche. or self- 
reliance. Mr. Hwang knows more about 
North Korean decision-making than 
anyone who has ever fled the nation. 

But the consensus stops there. Since 
Mr. Hwang sought asylum at South 
Korea's consulate in Beijing on Feb. 1 2. 
and especially since he arrived in Seoul 
last Sunday, everyone from intelligence 
analysts to construction workers have 
been trying to assess Mr. Hwang. 

* ‘We think he is basically legitimate, 
but are watching him with a wholesome 
skepticism,” said one Western official 
in Seoul. 

Ban Ki Moon, national security ad- 
viser to South Korea’s president. Kim 
Young Sam. said he believed roost of 
what Mr. Hwang said, but added that he 
was “not quite sure” whether to believe 
that North Korea has nuclear weapons. 

South Korean intelligence officials 

See DEFECTOR, Page 6 

Japan Trade Gap, and Tensions, Reborn 

to carry a baby,” said Marik Sauer, who 
See MOTHER, Page 6 

By Paul Bhistein 

Washington Pott Service 

WASHINGTON — For nearly two 
years, Tokyo has enjoyed an extraor- 
dinary respite from complaints by U.S. 
officials about its trade practices. But 
over the next few days, top Japanese 
policymakers visiting Washington will 
race some serious prodding that may 
herald anew era of tension on the U.S.- 
Japanese trade front 

Prime Minister Ryutaro Hasbimoto 
meets Friday with President Bill Climon, 
and finance Minister Hiroshi Mitsuzuka 
meets Sunday wife counterparts from the 
Group of Seven industrialized nations. 
Tbeir visits come amid mounting con- 
cern within tbe administration that 

Tokyo is returning to its old ways of 
flooding the world with exports while 
sopping up relatively modest amounts of 
goods made elsewhere. Indeed, Mr. Clin- 
ton has sens Mr. Hashimoto an unusually 
pointed letter on tbe subject, accenting to 
reports in the Japanese press this week. 


The bone of contention is Japan’s 
trade surplus, which after a sharp de- 
cline warmly welcomed on both sides of 
the Pacific, has started trending back 
upward in recent months. 

The uptick may not lot* tike much yet 
But with Japan’s export machine revived 
— Honda Motor Co., for example, said 
last week that it would expand exports to 

tbe United Stales by about one-third this 
year — analysts are widely predicting 
that tbe surplus will grow appreciably in 
tbe coming months. 

The resurgence comes from the huge 
decline in the value of the yen. which 
makes Japanese goods cheaper com- 
pared with products made in the United 

States and other countries. 

Tbe result is a reversal of trends that 
once appeared to suggest Washington's 
trade spats with Tokyo could fade. For 
example. U.S. exports to Japan, which 
rose 20 percent in 1995 and another 5 
percent last year, fell 4 percent in Feb- 
ruary from February 1996. 

Such figures explain why adminis- 

See TRADE, Page 6 

Blair Enters 
Final Week 
Of Big Lead 

Labour Won't Revert 
To Its Former Ways, 
He Pledges to Voters 

By Warren Hoge 

New York Tbnes Service 

LONDON — Tony Blair began the 
last week of Labour’s campaign to end 18 
years of Conservative rule of Britain cm 
Thursday by reassuring voters of all the 
things his party would not do if elected. 

“ We are not going to switch back and 
go back to the 1970s and the rest of it,” 
he said. “We have transformed our re- 
lations with tbe trade unions and put it 
on a modern footing. It's not the oid left 
with state control and nationalization 
and the rest of it.” 

To demonstrate his commitment to 
“modernization,” be said dial Labour 
no longer was a party that believed that 
the solution to poverty and unemploy- 
ment was “to throw a few more quid 
onto people’s benefits.” 

Despite polls showing the party main- 
taining its wide lead over die Conser- 
vatives. party leaders are fretful over 
Labour's history of prematurely claim- 
ing victory and seeing its lead evaporate 
in the closing days of national cam- 
paigns. One week before the last elec- 
tion, in 1992. the Labour leader at the 
time, Neil Kinnock, addressed a rally in 
Sheffield in a triumphal manner that ana- 
lysts later marked as die beginning of the 
rapid erosion of the party's advantage. 

Punching the air for emphasis but 
sticking to die campaign’s deliberately 
soothing approach, Mr. Blair stepped 
out from behind the podium Thursday at 
his morning press conference and de- 
livered an unscripted plea for voters not 
to underestimate the size and implic- 
ations of the choice before them next 

“The choice is very simple,'* he said. 
“You either wake up on May 2 to the 
same old Tories who have got away 
with everything they wanted to or a new 
start under New Labour. The same old 
Tories with their sleaze, damage to pen- 
sions. law and order and damaging the 
future of our young people or new hope 
under New Labour.” 

In Britain there is no inaugural peri- 
od. Die new prime minister takes up 
residence in No. 10 Downing Street 
once the result is known. 

The Conservatives have been in 
power since Margaret Thatcher became 
prime minister in 1979, and the polls are 
reporting that the voters' weariness with 
their 1 8-year tenure and dismay over die 
disorderliness of the party is outweigh- 
ing any satisfaction with the economic 
recovery they have brought Britain in 
the last five years. 

Labour has held a double-digit lead 
over the Conservatives for IS months 
but has been continually wary dial tbe 
Tories, a formidable force at general 
election time, would stage a comeback. 
Last week Prime Minister John Major 
gambled that an aggressive anti -Euro- 
pean posture would capitalize on grow- 

See BRITAIN, Page 5 

Gibraltar Ponders Hong Kong’s Fate 


By Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Service 

GIBRALTAR —Die large mainland 
neighbor of this tiny British colony has 
gotten particularly aggressive lately. 

Border crossings are more curtailed 
than usual, and air and sea transpor- 
tation between die peninsular colony 
and the mainland remain illegal. Res- 
idents of the colony, which has been 
under British control for nearly three 
centuries, are increasingly con cerned, 
and are planning a massive protest 
demonstration against the neighbor next 

But then, relations have never been 
very good between Spain and Gibraltar, 
the colony whose citizens worry mat 
after the June 30 final transfer of Hong 
Kong to China, negotiations over their 
own future may follow. 

“We are next on the agenda, said 
Gibraltar's former chief minister, now 
opposition leader, Joe Bossano. Span ish 
officials do not disagree. 

“It’s difficult to explain how it oc- 

Nawsstand Prices ~~ 

Andorra .10.00 FF Morocco 16 

Antilles 12JS0FF Qatar 10.00 Rials 

Cameroon -1.600 CPA p&mion 1230 FF 

Egypt £E 550 Arabia... 10.00 R. 

France 10.00 FF 1 . 100 CFA 

G ■bon- T10CCFA g™J3_^25PrAS 

Italy... .2,800 1*0 Oh 

Ivory Coast. 1250 CFA J*™* 

Jordan 1250 JD UAE. 

Lebanon LL 3,000 US. Ml (Eur.).,wS1-20 

curs in Hong Kong and doesn't in 
Gibraltar,” Prime Minister Jose Maria 
Aznar said in a recent interview. “Spain 
mamrams its claim of sovereignty over 
Gibraltar. We have ample reason for it, 
and we expect time and common sense 

As Mr. Aznar pointed out, at least in 
tbe case of Gibraltar, Britain and die 
other parties have time. There is no 
expiring lease, no pressure reason to 
seme the fete of die 31,000 citizens of 
this rocky lump protruding off the Costa 
del Sol. But some in the Spanish mess 
have suggested that tire transfer of Hong 
Kong should induce Spain to push 
harder far Gibraltar, which it lost to the 
Fnglirtt in 1704 and which it has been 
trying to get back nearly ever since. 

To the multiethnic Gibraltarians, the 
idea is horrific. Although most residents 
here speak fluent Spanish, die official 
language of Gibraltar is English, and so 
is the official culture. Restaurants serve 
steak and kidney pie; gin and tonics are 
on every menu. The duty-free stores 
- crowding the hilly, narrow streets of tins 

NwvYo* ItMMdVy • 3 P pwvhwdo— 

sunny city wrapped around tbe base of 
the Rock sell British newspapers and 
Cadbury chocolates along with tobacco 
and alcoboL 

Spanish law permits no air flights 
between Gibraltar and Spain; travelers 
must fly to Malaga or Seville and drive 
for two hours or more. There is no ferry 
service, and ships from other countries 
may not go directly between tbe two 
places; they must call a: another port in- 

TT«Wy0 3P.M. prevfaactaw 
772.77 773.84 

Most noticeable to residents here is 
foe auto crossing over the narrow isth- 
mus that defines die frontier. Cars head- 
ing to Spain pass through in single file 
only and drivers often are asked to open 
trunks and show identification; delays 
are an hour or more. 

Spain also can slow down cars en- 
tering Gibraltar, often enough that re- 
tailers an the Rock worry tourists are 
being scared away. . 

And lately, citizens of Gibraltar have 
been harassed in new inventive ways. 

A busload of schoolchildren, headed 
for a hockey game in nearby Cadiz last 
January, was turned back because au- 
thorities refused to recognize their col- 
lective travel passport,, which had been 
issued by Gibraltar, not Britain. The 
wife of the jMvemor, Britain's repre- 
sentative in Gibraltar, was detained for 
several hours earlier tins month because 
herpassport was British and her car was 
registered in Gibraltar. 

A week earlier, the same thing 
happened to fee British commander of 
the NATO base here. 

The hassles are not just at die frontier, 
either. A Gibraltarian returning from 
Italy by air was detained at fee Bar- 
celona airport and “deported” to Lon- 

See GIBRALTAR, Page 5 

McVEIGH TRIAL — Justice Department employees arriving with 
evidence at the federal court in Denver on Thursday where the trial of 
Timothy McVeigh for tbe Oklahoma City blast got under way. Page 3. 

Internet Addresses 
To Get Competition 

A single company's monopoly on 
the registration of Internet addresses 
will be broken next week when major 
firms, public bodies and international 
organizations sign an agreement in 
Geneva setting up a new global struc- 
ture to manage such registration. In- 
dustry insiders and United Nations 
officials said users would be able to 
pick from a wider choice of addresses 
at cheaper prices under die plan, 
which aims to inject competition into 
die cyberspace name tag and address 
business. Page 13. 

Standoff in Turkey 

Turkey’s governing Islamists 
vowed to retain power Thursday as the 
army mounted pressure on the shaky 
coalition government of Prime Min- 
ister Necmettin Erbakan to reinforce 
secularism. Page 5. 


Boom Time for Arabian Nighties 


Pan* 5. 

Russia and China Sign Border Pact 



Pages 8-9. 


Pages 22-23. 

Sponsored Section 

Pages 20-21. 


international Classified 

Page 4. 

| The IHT on-Jine blip;// ] 





Arabian Nighties / Boom Time lor Lingerie Makers 

A Veil on the Street, a Teddy in the Boudoir 


Lean Times Are All 
A Zaire Zoo Shows 

C AIRO — Id Egypt, as elsewhere in the 
Muslim world, women's fashion is gov- 
erned by a ample, overriding rule: No 
flesh. Women are supposed u> wear long 
sleeves and billowy skirts, cover their hair and 
demurely lower their gaze when walking in the 
street It says so in the Koran. 

In the bedroom, however, it’s a different story. 
Married women can wear whatever they want m 
front of their husbands, and judging from a recent 
stroll through Cairo's Moski shopping district 
many do. 

Moski is where Cairenes go to shop for sexy 
lingerie. Sold openly from shops and street carts, die 
selection runs from filmy thigh-length nightwear to 
microscopic G-strings that would not look out of 
place in a Frederick’s of Hollywood catalogue. 
“Fires of Jealousy,” reads the sign pinned to a 
peach-colored teddy that was not designed with 
practicality in mind. 

By John Lancaster 

Washington Post Service 

their husbands.” Exceptions also are made for close Cairo, Westerners often do a double take ar the sight 

relatives, small children and slaves. of lingerie that might amve in plain brown wrappers 

The Prophet, however, appears to have had no back home. But shopkeepers who sell die stuff see 
problem with sex between husbands and wives (he no contradiction. “Even the i completely veiled 
had at least nine). The Koran contains no pro- people, they come and buy lingerie, said Mo- 
hibition agains t sex for pleasure, for example, and hammed Muharram, 48, whose shop displays wispy 
Islamic scholars have generally taken a much more teddies with plunging necklines and transparent, 
relaxed attitude toward birth control than has the Egyptian-made G-stnngs trimmed with feathers 

and fringe. 

“It’s not wrong if she wears it in private,” he said 
before excusing himself to pray. “Our religion is 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

Nent York Tunes Service 

Roman Catholic Church. 

A quick check with religious authorities at Al 
Azhar University, the oldest center of learning in 
Sunni Islam, confirmed that sexy lingerie can have 
a place in the private life of a good Muslim. 
“There is nothing wrong with a man gening 

very forgiving toward this sort of thing.* * 

Sayed Abdel, 60. who owns a tiny lingerie shop 

“I’m buying these things mainly for my hon- 
eymoon, but I hope I can go on wearing them 

afterward,” said 23-year-old Hoda, wearing a head 
scarf with makeup and high heels and chaperoned 
by a married sister. ”1 do not think I can bring my 
husband back or prevent him from leaving me by 
wearing such lingerie, but I want to enjoy my 

nni/nfa f e A* Qnrf k«wi Lamm. 


private life and make him happy.” 

Such sentiments have not been lost on Egyptian 

clothing manufacturers. Rising purchasing power, a 
growing appetite for Western fashion and a gradual 
loosening of economic controls have contributed to 
a boom in Egyptian-made lingerie, much of it just as 
skimpy as similar products sold in Europe or the 
United Stares. 

Several Egyptian companies now manufacture 
lingerie under license to large European companies, 
trendy boutiques cany the latest offerings from 
Victoria's Secret and some companies even exhibit 
their products in fashion shows, albeit for women 
only. “This is die contrast of Egypt,” said Chantal 
Rohr, a Paris-born choreographer who now directs 
fashion shows for Egypt’s fledgling fashion, in- 
dustry. “The women in die street, they are veiled. 
But underneath they want exciting and sexy stuff.” 

T HAT might seem like a contradiction. 
Egypt remains a deeply conservative so- 
ciety, especially where sex is concerned. 
Several years ago. the authorities jailed a 
movie theater owner for displaying risqu6 bill- 
boards, and the actors' union is currently up in arms 
over the criminal conviction of an actor and actress 
for appearing in a bed scene that somehow found its 
way back into a film after being cut by government 

Even belly dancers are prohibited by law from 
baring their navels; they have to wear a filmy veil 
that covers the midriff. 

Such attitudes are rooted in the Koran, which 
enshrines die word of God as related by the Prophet 
Mohammed, The Koran is emphatic on the subject of 
skin: Outside the home and in front of strangers, the 
holy book says, women should “draw their veils over 
their bosoms and not display their beauty except to 

Street merchants in Cairo's Moski bazaar displaying their 
wares , from wispy teddies to Egyptian-made G-strings. 

Measure from his wife.” said Sheikh Abdel Azim 

Hemaily. “As long as both have pleasure, as long as 
they are married. ” Sheikh Hemaily is amember of Al 

Azhar’s fatwa committee, whose fatwas — or re- 
ligious opinions — on topics from organ transplants 
to Egypt's peace treaty with Israel carry enormous 
weight in the Muslim world. * ‘If they both fulfill their 
sexual duty it prevents them from searching else- 
where.” he said. 

But. be added, “her daughter shouldn't see her 
dressed that way.” 

In Moski. a teeming pedestrian bazaar in central 

nearby, put it slightly differendy. “A home is like a 

grave,” be said. "No 
i one knows what hap- 
pens there.” 

A ’ majority of 
lingerie shoppers ap- 
pear to be young 
women p repa rin g for 
their wedding nights. 
“Seduction is fine as 
long as it is between a 
husband and wife 
JyF' who love each oth- 
er,” said Mona, a 23- 
year-old nurse, as she 
examined a white 
nightie trimmed in 
lace and chiffon. 

Men also are 
among the browsers. 

“This is nothing 

compared to what 
happens abroad in 
public,” said a 35- 
year-old man who 
was shopping with his 
wife ana declined to 
give his name. “I 
nave the right to see 
my wife as I wish to 
see her. If it pleases 
me. why not?” 

For a growing 
number of lingerie 
manufacturers, pas- 
sion equals profits. 
One of Egypt s best- 
known companies, 
■ Sevel, started making 

displaying their lingerie here in 1986 

j ' r under license to the 

de G-strings. French company 

Valisere. Annual 
sales have since climbed from $177,000 to $3.25 
million last year, according to Nadim Ghana, a 
Lebanese who is the firm's managing director. 

The Arab lingerie market has its quirks. Sevel, for 
example, entered the market here with a highly 
conservative line, on the assumption that Muslim 
women would be turned off by racier fare. That 
assumption was wrong. “It turns out we didn’t sell 
much of this collection,” Mr. Ghorra said. “We 
came to the conclusion that the lady in Egypt, 
because she’s conservative during the day, the only 
time to show her own femininity is at night.” 

proudly, the zookeeper showed off Ap- 
pose, the star c him panzee, fhmod for 
delighting the crowds by smoking a 
cigarette and chugging a beer. The only 
problem with Alfoase is that he is dead, 
along with all the other zoo a n i m al s . 

It has been downhill for the zoo here 
in Kisangani, in central Zaire, ever since 
some soldiers ate the elephant; and now 
the keepers are reduced to holding Alf- 
ense’s skull, reminiscing about his 
antics and denying that they had any- 
thing to do with his demise- 

The philosophical question is why a 
country torn by civil war should feed 
n vyu to animals when it has huge num- 
bers of malnourished children. The an- 
swer, without much philosophizing 
from zoo s taff members, is that they do 
not feed the animals and so they have 
starved to Hftath- 

“We did not eat the animals.” 
Ramazan Bekaodea, 44, one of the zoo- 
keepers, explained stoutly. “They died 
of hunger.” 

The zoo, with its .elegant gardens and 
fine tree-lined lane, was founded by the 
Belgians in 1954 when they ran this 
country. It is beautifully situated in a 
park overlooking the Tsbopo River. But 
the last a nimal, a crocodile, died of 
starvation a few days ago, and now the 
zoo has 22 keepers with nothing but 

memories and a pile of skulls. 

“The zoo isn’t closed,” said Jean- 


Pierre Bambalayo. the senior worker on 
the grounds. “The zoo is open. There 
just aren’t any animals.” 

At its peak, it had elephants, lions, 
jaguars, baboons, antelope, camels and 
many other species, as well as a bar and 
restaurant But as Zaire's economy dis- 
integrated over decades, people had less 
money to pay the 'entrance fees. They 
were waived in 1996 when die animal 
population dwindled to die low single 
digits and subsidies became erratic. 

the zoo,” said Joseph Lotongwane, 
chief of the district that encompasses it 
“But right now we’re a poor country at 
war. and we don't have die resources.” 

“It's a sign of the collapse of 
ervthine in Zaire.” said Samuel 

everything in Zaire,” said Samuel 
Ndoraba, a professor at the local uni- 
versity. “How can people feed die an- 
imals when they are hungry them- 

Given the circumstances, it is perhaps 
inevitable that suspicions have arisen 
about die nature of the animals’ dis- 
appearance. The zoo workers have not 
been paid for eight months, and even 
their theoretical monthly salary has been 

50,000 Flee 
Refugee Camp 
In East Zaire 

eroded by inflation to the equivalent of 
just 25 cents. It is common for workers 

who are not paid to survive by pilfering 
and selling any assets they can. 

47 More Slain in Algeria 
In Attacks on 2 Villages 

The Associated Press 

ALGIERS — An armed group at- 
tacked two more villages south or Al- 

Vatican Urges 
Respect for Gays 

giers, slashing; and hacking to death 47 
people in the latest massacres attributed 

people in the latest massacres attributed 
to a Muslim insurgency, witnesses and a 
newspaper reported Thursday. 

The slayings brought to about 420 the 
number of people killed in massacres in 
the last month in villages around the 
capital, pan of an offensive aimed at 
defying government assurances that it is 
crushing the insurgency and at disrupt- 
ing the June legislative elections. 

About 30 attackers armed with 
sabers, knives and axes descended on 
the mountain village of Omari a. near 
Medea, killing 42 people overnight 
Tuesday, the witnesses said, speaking 
on condition of anonymity. 

Among the dead were 17 women and 
three babies, they said. The witnesses 
identified the attackers as religious mil- 

Witnesses interviewed upon arriving 
in Algiers said most of the bodies were 
mutilated, their heads or hands severed, 
and some were burned. 

In the nearby village of Ouzera, at- 
tackers who set up a rake official road- 
block stopped a bus and killed five of 
those aboard, the independent news- 

paper El Watan reported! That report 
could not be independently confirmed. 

The new slayings followed the mas- 
sacre of 93 villagers before dawn Tues- 
day in the town of Haouch Mokhfi 
KhemistL about 20 kilometers south of 
Algiers. That attack was the worst of its 
kina since the insurgency began more 
than five years ago. 

The authorities threw a security net 
around the area later Tuesday, blocking 
all roads in and out while the dead were 
buried in nearby Bougara. 

The violence came six weeks before 
the Jane 5 legislative balloting, the first 
since the army canceled voting in Janu- 

ary 1992 to thwart a likely victory by a 
Muslim fundamentalist party, the 

Muslim fundamentalist party. The 
move triggered the insurgency that has 

left at least 60,000 people dead. 
The Algerian authorities vowc 

The Algerian authorities vowed again 
Tuesday to exterminate the militants. 

“Humanity has not known such 
crimes over the centuries and die con- 
tinents,” Prime Minister Ahmed 
Ouyahia said on television Tuesday 

But like President Liamine ZerouaL 
he claimed that only “residual terror- 
ism” remained and that such attacks 
showed that armed groups were in their 
death throes. 


VATICAN CITY — In a start- 
lingly frank article, the Vatican 
newspaper has urged Roman Cath- 
olics to respect homosexuals, say- 
ing they, too, can achieve sanctity 
in the church if they abstain from 

The article in L’Osservatore Ro- 
mano broke no new ground on the 
church’s teaching that, while ho- 
mosexual tendencies were not 
wrong, homosexual acts were sin- 

But the church’s time was far 
more compassionate and accepting 
of homosexuals than it has been in 
the past 

“God loves ail of us as we are. 
with our limits, our peculiarities, 
which can become paths to holi- 
ness,” the article said. 

"One thing is certain: The ho- 
mosexual person is called, like all 
others, to see his talents bear fruit 
and put them to the service of the 
human community and the building 
of the kingdom of God.” it added. 

The article, the last of a 14-part 
series on homosexuality and Chris- 
tianity, called for the “acceptance 
of people in their diversity.” 

Israeli Arab and Egyptian 
Deny They Spied for Israel 

The Associated Press 

CAIRO — The trial of an Israeli Arab 
and an Egyptian accused of spying for 
Israel opened Thursday in a Cairo court 
amid tight security. 

Both men. Azam Azam of Israel and 
Emad Abdelhamid Ismail of Egypt, 
entered pleas of not guilty. 

Mr. Ismail told the court thai the case 
was fabricated by the Egyptian intel- 
ligence and that he had been tortured in 

A state prosecutor told the three- 
judge panel that Mr. Azam, who worked 
as a mechanic in a textile company near 
Cairo, gave Mr. Ismail women’s un- 
derwear soaked in invisible ink to be 
used in writing secret messages to Is- 

"I swear by God almighty that I am 
innocent!” Mr. Azam shouted after 
bearing the charges. 

“I uiow nothing about spying and I 
have never seen a secret ink ui my life,” 
Mr. Azam, wearing a white prison uni- 
form. said from inside the courtroom’s 
iron and barbed wire cage. 

After the bearing, the court adjourned 
until May 18. 

Prosecutors have maintained that two 
female Israeli agents — Zahra Youssef 
Jreis and Mona Ahmed Shawahna — 

recruited the Egyptian. They are being 
tried in absentia with Mr. Azam and Mr. 

Mr. Azam and Mr. Ismail could face 
the death penalty if convicted of es- 
pionage, although the penalty is usually 
imposed only if Egypt is at war with the' 
country that recruited the spies. 

I era ft! maimaine rf that Mr. Azam 
is innocent and has demanded that be be 
freed, but President Hosni Mubarak of. 
Egypt said the case would be decided in 

The case has cast a shadow on 
Egypt's relations with Israel, already 
tense because of die stalled Middle East 
peace talks. 

Asad Asad, an adviser to Prime Min- 
ister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, said 
the case had negatively affected trade 
and tourism between the two Middle 
East neighbors. 

Nearly 20 members of Mr. Azam’s 
family came from Israel to attend die 
court hearing Thursday, together with 
representatives of the Israeli govern- 

“I am sure he will be set free today 
because he is innocent, and the whole 
case should have not started in the first 
place,” Mr. Azam’s brother, Hamza, 
said before the hearing. 

imps from aid workers on Monday. 
The rebels agreed to allow the UN 
mission to visit die camps alter Kofi 
Annan, the UN secretary-general, said 
he was “shocked and appalled by die 
inhumanity” of their action which he 
said was killing refugees by starvation. 

Aid workers had feared that many of 
the 80,000 Rwandan refugees south of 
Kisangani had fled because of fighting 
in the area on Tuesday between rebels, 
local villagers and refugees. „ 

In Cape Town, meanwhile, the South 

African deputy foreign minister, Aziz 
Pahad, said the UN special envoy, Mo- 
hammed Sahnoua, would return to 
South Africa on Thursday to set a time 
and place for talks between die battling 
parties in Zaire . 

He told Parliament that President 
Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire and the 
leader of the rebels. Laurent Kabila, had 
reaffirmed their co mmitment to a ne- 
gotiated peace. 

President Nelson Mandela has for- 
mally invited Marshal Mobum to meet 
Mr. Kabila in South Africa, but officials 
have said die ailin g Zairian president is 
too ill to travel so for. . . 

>if eiitor 

r: » 

lie Neigh 

There are also ^consistencies fefeeir 
acS of the fete of ammafc > like 

bv a ro an who then ran away- ■ 

■*We buried him.” Mr. Betofca 
said. ” We were dose to him. He was like 

a relative, and we had no appetite to rat 

him.” Bin Mr. Bekandea law admowl- 
edaed that pan of Romeo bad gone to 
feS the crocodile- And ai a sqxjrau. 
conversation, Mr. Bambalayo > said he 
had been away that day but had heard a 
different vetsion from to co^ workers. 
“I heard he tasted good, Mr. Bam- 

^Tbe crocodile last got a meal in Janu- 

* ‘Feeding a crocodile is very expens- 
ive, because even though I offered him 
other things he would eat only fish or 
m eat .” mused Gilbert Ngbaial a. “W e 
knew he would starve. But be lasted a 
long time. He was a tough guy.” 

The keepers decided not to eat the 
crocodile because he was so mangy and 
smelly. They gave the corpse to some 
nearby residents, who dined on it im- 

The workers still show up every day. 
They clean up a bit, nodding to fee 
women who collect firewood on fee 

grounds, and wonder whether they will 
lose their jobs now that their last charge 
has expired. . . 

A rebel army has swept through east- 
ern Zaire, including Kisangani, and 
seems poised to capture fee entire coun- 
try in the craning weeks or months. 
Local o ffici als hope fee national econ- 
omy will revive, and wife it the zoo. 

“We’re looking for a way to restore 
e zoo.” said Joseph Lotongwane, 


GENEVA — A United Nations team 
in Zaire has found camps near rebel- 
held Kisangani empty of the some 
50,000 Rwandan Hutu refugees who 
were there last week, a spokeswoman 
said Thursday. 

Pam O’Toole of the UN High Com- 
missioner for Refugees said fee team, 
allowed to go to fee Kasese area by die 
rebels earlier in fee day, had radioed 
back -that they had found no one:- “ft 
appears fee camps are empty,” she 
said.. . . 

She said the UN mission in five 
vehicles, accompanied by journalists 
and escorted by rebels, reported feat it 
did not travel farther south than Kasese, 
25 kilometers south of Kisangani: 

Another 32,000 Rwandan Hutu 
refugees were inn makeshift caum at 
Biaro, 20 kilometers farther south. Tut- 
si-dominated rebels sealed off all fee 



French Air and Rail Service Slowed Landslides Threaten Bulgaria Coast 

PARIS < AP) — Strikes slowed service at France's national 
railroad and persisted at the airlines TAT and Air Liberte on 
Thursday, while France’s domestic state airline prepared fora 
walkout Friday. 

Conductors at the state railroad, SNCF. who began their 
two-day strike Wednesday night, caused service cuts of up to 
two-thuds, the railroad said. The walkout is to continue until 
Friday morning. Euro star trains through the Channel Tunnel 
maintained normal service, however, officials said. 

A two-week-old strike at Air Liberte and TAT continued 
Thursday. Flights have been cut by about half as a result of the 
strike by pilots and flight attendants opposed to a merger plan 
for the airlines, which are owned by British Airways. Four 
pilots’ unions at state-owned Air France Europe announced a 
strike for Friday and Saturday to protest the merger of the 
carrier wife state-owned Air fiance. The pilots face salary 
cuts as part of an effort to cut losses at the domestic airline, 
which has been hit by repeated strikes over fee merger. 

SOFIA (AP) — Landslides caused by heavy rain and poor 
drainage systems destroyed homes, disrupted utilities and 
were threatening Bulgaria's Black Sea tourist region, an 
official said Thursday. 

No one has been reported injured, bur damage could run into 
fee millions of dollars. Bulgaria could sustain further losses 
this year if Tlatm Piasatsi, a major Black Sea resort, is forced 
to close. 

The worst-hit area was a small coastal region near the 
tourist hubs of Varna and Balchik, about 500 kilometers (310 
miles) east of Sofia, said Brajtimir Karageorgiev, Varna's 
chief architect. 

He quoted initial reports as saying thar about 100 houses were 
damaged or destroyed. Most of them were summer bouses. 

A coastal road to Zlami Piasatsi was severed, and crews 
were trying to drain the area to prevent fee resort's sewerage 
system from rupturing. 

o. n fr r^y 








Fa Y/ork, Life and Academic Experience 
Through Conventenf Home Study 

® (608) 5S7-I909 EXT. 23 
FAJC {310) 471-6456 
http: / ZWww.pwu.cow 
Fax ar send detaied reams tor 

Pacific Western University 
1210 Allah Street. Deot 23 
Honolulu, H 96S144922 

Arts & Mtiques 

Appears every Saturday. 

To advertise contact 
Kimberi* Guerrand-Betrancourt 
TeL: + 33 (0) 1 41 43 94 76 
Fax: -r 33 (0) 1 41 43 93 TO 

or pur nearest IHT office 
or representative. 

A 48-hour strike called by Portuguese pilots forced fee 
cancellation Thursday of flights by the national earner TAP- 
Air Portugal. The airline’s first three scheduled flights, to 
Paris, Frankfurt and Amsterdam, were canceled, and further 
disruption was expected. (AFP l 

The airlines British Midland and Lufthansa said 
Thursday they would cooperate on a new service the British 
carrier is inaugurating from London to Cologne to Rome. 
Lufthansa will sell seats on fee airplanes under its own flight 
numbers, in a growing industry practice known as “code- 
sharing.” AH carriers in die European Union gained fee right 
on April 1 to fly anywhere within the EU. and several are 
starting to test the markets outside their home bases. (AP) 






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Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by AccuWeaJhar. Asia" 


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^ Sees ‘Terror 

With Trial Open, State 
Portrays an Avenger 

The Associated Press 

DENVER Timothy McVeigh 
used a truck bomb to blow op theOkla- 
homa City federal building to show hi* 
hatred -for the government an d see 
‘blood flow on tbe streets of America,” 
a prosecutor told jurors Thursday. 

“In plain, simple language, it was an 
act of terror,” an assistant ILS. attorney, 
Joseph Hartzler, said in his opening 
state m e n t. “The man committing this 
act is attingin this courtroom behind me 
ami he is the one who committed this.” 

Mr. Hartzler said Mr. McVeigh was 
wearing a T-shirt drat bore die phrase, 
•“The tree of liberty must be refreshed 
from time to time with the blood of 
patriots and tyrants.** 

‘‘You’ll. see. that T-shirt,’*. he- said. 
“Instead of fruit, the tree bears a de- 
piction of droplets of scarlet ted 

Inside Mr. McVeigh’s car, federal 

contained photocopies of magazines and 
newspapers, the prosecutor said. “They 
will give you a window into McVeigh's 
mind. They’ll enable you to see his in- 
tention” and to know the “twisted 
motive behind this deadly offense.*' . 

. He said the car also contained slips of 
statements quoting a book, “The Turner 
Diaries,’’ wonch is a fictional account of 
an attack on a federal building that is 
similar to the Oklahoma City bombing. 

“The bombing in the book served as 
a blueprint for McVeigh,” Mr. Hartzler 
said. “These documents axe virtually a 
manifesto declaring McVeigh's inten- 

Mr. McVeigh, who turned 29 Wed- 
nesday, could face the death penalty if 
convicted of murder and consphacy in 
die worst act of terrorism on u.S. soil: 
die April 19, 1995, blast that killed 168 
people and injured hundreds more. 

Mr. Hartzkx said Mr. McVeigh and his 
co-defendant, Terry Nicbok* became 
friends m part because they both shared a 
distaste for die federal government,** 

The government raid on the Branch 
-Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, 
on April 19, 1993, was “more than just 
a tragedy to McVeigh,'* Mr. Hartzler 

■ Mr. McVeigh visited Waco daring 
the siege andretumed after it ended, The 
prosecutor said he already harbored dis- 
trust of. the government and opposed 
taxes and gun control laws. “He told 
people die government' deliberately 
murdered people,’’ the prosecutor said, 
adding that Mr. McVeigh described 
Waco as the “government's declaration 
of war against the people.” 

Mr. Hartzler said Mr. McVeigh se- 
lected April 19 “to avenge deaths that 
occurred at Waco.” 

Mr. McVeigh’s attorney, Stephen 
Jones, was expected to assert dial the 
-government's case was flawed from the 
beginning, when investigators started 
■cofiectinc evidence after the blast - 



kmnfc njBMCItwVTbr Aftutulrd Pi— i 

Major General Nets Running, left, and Nathan Galbreath, an air force investigator, displaying debris. 

Air Force Recovers Pieces of Runaway Jet 

Washington Post Service 

EAGLE, Colorado — Air force 
search teams have recovered pieces 
from the A-20 attack jet missing for 
three weeks, and officials confirmed 
that the runaway warplane crashed 
here in the Rockies. 

But they have not found four miss- 
ing bombs or the pilot. Captain Craig 
Button, 32, who suddenly and mys- 
teriously broke formation while on a 

training flight in southern Arizona on 
April 2. 

Captain Button then made a beeline 
for central Colorado, where the war- 
plane smashed into a mountainside 
on a 12,500-foot-high slope known 
as Gold Dust Peak, southwest of 

Major General Nels Running, the air 
force commander of die search, said 
two pieces recovered from the crash 

site high in the mountains were iden- 
tified by their serial numbers as com- 
ing from fapHiin Button’s A-l 0. 

It could oe weeks, or even months, 
before other militar y investigators be- 
gin to comb the site for additional clues 
about what happened to him — and, 
more interesting, why. 

On the slope where the plane went 
down, the snow does not melt some 
years until August. 


Clinton Is Won Over: 
FDR in a Wheelchair 

He Intervenes in Dispute Over Memorial 

By Doug Struck 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — President Frank- 
lin D. Roosevelt, who tried hard to hide 
his paralysis, would sit in a wheelchair 
in a statue that President Bill Clinton has 
proposed adding to the FDR Memorial 
after it opens May 2. 

Mr. Canton, in a statement released by 
the White House, responded to a potent 
campaign by advocacy groups that have 
made the design of the memorial the 
focus of a poignant debate over fee 
change in the last half -century in at- 
titudes toward people wife disabilities. 

The groups had threatened to disrupt 
fee dedication ceremonies, including an 
address by Mr. Clinton, to protest fee 
derision by the FDR Memorial Com- 
mission and its artists not to portray 
Roosevelt’s paralysis from polio. Tbe 

S said failure to show him in a 
hair treated his disability, and oth- 
er disabilities, as something shameful. 

But others argued thai Roosevelt did 
not want to be seen as a disabled person 
and feat to present him feat way would 
impose his disability on fee public image 
of vigor be worked so hard to create. 

“Future generations,’’ said Alan 
Reich, president of the National Or- 
ganization on Disability, ‘ ‘need to know 
Roosevelt as he was: He was a president 
who served 12 years in a wheelchair.” 
Speaking after meeting wife White 
House aides, Mr. Reich stopped short of 
saying the coalition of groups repre- 
senting the disabled would call off fee 
protest. But if the White House follows 
through quickly on its promise to in- 
troduce legislation to add another statue, 
he said, “we are hopeful we can turn the 
demonstration into a celebration.” 

Mr. Reich's group has offered to pay 

North Dakota River Leaves City at Its Mercy 

By Edward Walsh 

Washington Post Service 

GRAND FORKS, North Dakota — What is 
strangest about a flood that has settled in for a long stay 
is the quiet For all of fee havoc they cause, flood 
waters are silent destroyers, almost placid in ap- 
pearance as they lap against stores and homes and half- 
submerged vehicles. 

So it was eerily quiet in downtown Grand Forks on 
Wednesday, the only sounds being fee roar of a 
helicopter overhead and fee growl of an outboard 
motor on a small Coast Guard Boat as it moved along 
toe fourTeertr2'mtt2rs) of warerr " — _ 

Smoke still billowed from fee hulking wreckage of 
one of fee buildings feat was destroyedby fire over the 
weekend, when most of fee 50,000 people of Grand 
Forks gave up theirltiog battle against the Red River of 
fee north ana abandoned their city. From the center of 
downtown, it is impossible to tell where the river was 
because it is now everywhere. 

The tallest buildings in downtown Grand Forks do 
not rise much more than six stories. By modem urban 
standards it is small, but it is the vital commercial hub 
of this entire region, which means fee flood will affect 

far more people than just those whose homes were 

The only signs of life in Grand Forks, other than the 
North Dakota National Guard troops and the Coast 
Guard boat patrols, were confined to the US West 
building, where workers continued to wage a suc- 
cessful battle to maintain fee city's telephone system. 

Rivers in the United States are both predictable and 
maddeningly unpredictable. Some years are worse 
than others, some floods more destructive than others. 
Some towns like Fargo to the south are largely spared, 
while others like Grand Forks are hot 

As a young official in Franklin D. Roosevelt's 
administration, Gilbert White helped produce the first 
comprehensive review of the nation's major river 
basins in 1936. Back then, he recalled, a flood of the 
magnitude of tins one was far from the minds of people 
in fee Red River Valley. 

“The overwhelming concern of people in that area 
was trying to provide a dependable flow of water 
through fee dry months," said Mr. White, retired 
director of fee Natural Hazards Center at tbe Uni- 
versity of Colorado. 

That is me of the ironies of this and most other floods 
— thatthe water that can be so destructive was also the 

lure feat attracted people and development in the first 
place. Rivers assure a source of drinking water and 
provide a convenient method far fee disposal of waste, 
in the 19th century, they were also a crucial trans- 
portation system, spurring commercial development 
along their hanks. Grand Forks was originally a center of 
fur-trading activity and a steamboat landing on the Red 
River route. The town grew, its people held here in part 
by tiie beauty and the usefulness of the nearby water. 

4 ‘People want to be near rivers,” said Scott Faber of 
American Rivers, a Washington-based conservation 
organization. ‘ ‘Rivers are inspiring, and when they’re 
not in your basement they seem to be a real asset. It’s 
just human nature to want to be near water. " 

The last flood on the Red that even approached fee 
magnitude of this one was in 1897, Mr. Swenson said. 
Yet even wife all the flood control and engineering 
progress that has been made over the past century, 
1 ‘there is nothing that human beings could have done 
or not done to prevent this flood,' he added. 

It could be weeks before the river recedes from fee 
city’s streets. But before then there will be the waiting, 
which is part of the human cycle of flooding and its 
aftermath. The river rises and recedes at hs own pace, 
impervious to fee wishes of fee people it has touched. 

for fee additional statue, which would 
have to be commissioned, sculpted and 
placed at the 7 .5-acre (,3-bectare) Wash- 
ington memorial after its dedication. 

The announcement surprised the 
FDR Memorial Commission, which 
shepherded fee project through four de- 
cades of controversy over its design and 
had resisted the latest demands from 
advocacy groups for fee disabled. 

Donum Gunderson, executive director 
of tbe commission, said Wednesday chat 
she was unaware of the president's plans. 
No member of fee commission attended 
fee White House meeting between mem- 
bers of the president's staff and rep- 
resentatives of fee advocacy groups. 

‘ ‘The authority for fee commission,” 
Ms. Gunderson said, “was to plan, 
design and commission a memorial. 
The commission's mission will be com- 
pleted when it hands over the memorial 
to fee nation May 2. What happens after 
fear is not our concern.” 

Mr. Clinton's move supports the po- 
sition of tbe majority — though not all 

— of Roosevelt's surviving grandchil- 
dren. Most of them favor recognition of 
the paralysis feat made their grandfath- 
er’s legs largely useless after he con- 
tracted polio at age 39. 

Mr. Clinton had indicated before the 
meeting his general support for includ- 
ing a statue of Roosevelt in a wheel- 
chair, and his staff had been seeking a 
resolution of fee dispute. 

But the commission had resisted any 
changes since 1 978, when fee design of 
sprawling granite walls, waterfalls and 
bronze sculptures was adopted. That 
design followed several that had been 
adopted but then fell into disfavor wife 
the commission, the public or fee Com- 
mission of Fine Arts. 

“For those of us wife disabilities,” 
said Jim Dickson, who organized the 
coalition of groups to oppose the current 
design, “Roosevelt has been our hero. 
They are trying to steal him from us." 

Although there are nine bronze sculp- 
tures — including bas-reliefs and statues 

— along the meandering route of the 
memorial, only two show Roosevelt- 
One, a wall bas-relief, depicts him wav- 
ing from a car during his first inau- 
guration, in 1933. The second, a larger- 
than-life bronze statue, shows Roosevelt 
seated. Visitors who peer between the 
statue and the granite wall will see small 
castors on the chair, the only sculpted 
acknowledgment of his disability. 

An engraving on the memorial steps 
does acknowledge Roosevelt’s paral- 
ysis, and fee visitors center will display 
a reproduction of his wheelchair. 

Roosevelt went to extraordinary 
lengths not to be seen often in a wheel- 
chair. He campaigned from the seat of a 
car or the back ora train, often propped 
there and standing with his leg-braces 
locked. He was supported when he 
“walked" and was able to move — 
with great physical effort — only by 
heaving his body forward and swinging 
his leg Braces from side to side. He often 
arrived at events long before anyone 
else to avoid having fee public see him 
in a wheelchair or being carried. 

A Smoking Gun for Veterans Affairs? 

U.S. Could Be Liable for Treating Soldiers’ Tobacco-Related Ailments 


3 TE 

By Bill McAllister 

Washington Post Service 

cials in fee Department of 
-Veterans Affairs have ac- 
knowledged that tire federal 
government could be held li- 
able for medical care and 
.compensation to potentially 
-millions of veterans who used 
tobacco while on active duty 
-and subsequently developed 
tobacco-linked diseases. 

- The acknowledgment 
'came as Veterans Affairs Sec- 
retary Jesse Brown asked 
Congress to support legisla- 
tion that would m effect over- 
turn a 1993 opinion by senior 
"department lawyers fear the 
government could be held re- 
sponsible for such illnesses. 

Mr. Brown and other de- 
partment officials said in in- 
terviews Wednesday that fee 
question has potentially far- 
reaching financial con- 

Away From 

• Refrigerators sold in 2001 
will have to use 30 percent 
less electricity than those cm 
fee market today, the Energy 
Department said, ordering a 
change intended to cut elec- 
tric bills by more than SI bil- 
lion a year by 2010 and re- 
_duce air pollution from power 
plants. The new rule will add 
about $80 to the cost of a 
standard 22-cubic-foot (0.6- 
cubic-meter) refrigerator- 
freezer but wfll lower its an- 
nual operating cost by about 

$20. (NTT) 

Ford Motor Co. is installing 
less forcefc] air bags in all of 
its 1998 model year vehicles, 
-saying fee -less powerful 
devices will beater protect 
children and short adults. Air 
bags deploying ax up to 200 
miles (320 kilometers) an 

sequences for tire government 
— “many millions” of dol- 
lars, according to an estimate 
by one official. 

The 1993 opinion, issued 
in the case of a widow seeking 
benefits after fee death of her 
husband from lung cancer, 
laid previously been only in- 
directly acknowledged by the 
department The requested le- 
gislation would protect the 
government from having to 
pay benefits based “solely" 
on whether a veteran smoked 
while on active duty. 

Over the past four years, 
even as the Clinton admin- 
istration has pursued an ag- 
gressive policy to cut 
smoking by Americans, it has 
sought to find a way around 
the issue of government li- 
ability for smoking-related 
illnesses, eventually settling 
on the requested legislation. 
Tn the meantime, fee depart- 
ment has suspended action on 

hour have been blamed for the 
deaths of at least 38 children 
and 25 adults. (AP) 

•A Louisiana man con- 
victed of fatally stabbing a 
restaurant patron 13 times 
during a 1984 robbery has 
been executed by lethal in- 
jection. John Ashley Brown 
Jr., 35, was executed at fee 
Louisiana State Penitentiary 
in Angola. He was convicted 

more than 4,000 claims from 
veterans claiming compensa- 
tion for smoking-related dis- 

In interviews, department 
officials said the potential li- 
ability could have a much 
greater impact than on just 
those cases because so many 
members of the military — up 
to 50 percent as recently as 1 5 
years ago — smoked. 

Those numbers could 
make smoking fee biggesr 
veterans issue to confront the 
government in recent de- 
cades, surpassing the recent 
investigation into fee myster- 
ious Gulf veterans' illnesses 
car fee prolonged fight over 
the effects of Agent Orange 
on Vietnam veterans. 

The 1993 legal opinion 
suggests that the military 
bears responsibility for en- 
couraging service personnel 
to smoke. As recently as the 
Vietnam conflict, soldiers in 

of murder in 1985. (Reuters) 

•The 1969 Woodstock fes- 
tival site has been bought by a 
wealthy businessman who 
plans to ram it into a theme 
park and shrine to the 1960s 
counterculture. The buyer of 
the site in southern New York 
state is Alan Geny. named by 
Fortune magazine as one of 
the 250 richest people in 
America. (NYT) 


VS Wr ^ FlBniing Case of Kitsch 

l . Rembrandt’s Altered States 
The Great Auction War 
Sleuths Among the Stalls 

Meukow’ ff you missed rt in the IHi; tookforit 
Arts Editor on our site on the World Wide Web: 

combat zones were given free 
cigarettes as part of their ra- 
tions, a practice that goes 
back at least to World war 


Smoking then was widely 
accepted in the military — a 
lifestyle epitomized by the of- 
ten-repeated World War H 
saying: “At ease, men. 
Smoke 'em, if you’ve got 
'em.” All U.S. Navy ships 
had “smoking lights” feat 
were lit when smoking was 
allowed at sea. 

Such practices — as well as 
the continued sale of ciga- 
rettes at discount prices on 
military bases — were cited 
by tbe department’s legal 
staff in their ‘ ‘precedent opin- 
ion' ’ as evidence feat the mil- 
itary had encouraged 

The opinion by the general 
counsel equated smoking 
with the long-term con- 
sequences of using alcohol. 

Assurances on Chemical Treaty 

WASHINGTON — Bidding to win Senate ratification 
for a global chemical weapons treaty, President Bill Clinton 
offered assurances Thursday feat be would withdraw from 
fee pact if it inadvertently results in the spread of banned 

The Senate majority leader, Trent Lott, said he regarded 
fee assurance as an “ironclad commitment from the pres- 
ident of fee United States to fee Senate." But Mr. Lott, a 
Mississippi Republican, said he remained uncommitted as 
the Senate moved toward a ratification vote. 

A previously uncommitted Republican, Senator Chuck 
Hagel of Nebraska, said he planned to vote for the treaty, 
which would protect Americans “who may someday face 
an adversary armed wife chemical weapons." 

Mr. Clinton, in a letter to Mr. Lott, said he received 
‘ ‘official confirmations from the highest diplomatic levels' ' 
feat 30 nations that have signed the pact are committed to 
maintain export controls under the treaty. Treaty opponents 
have submitted an amendment to the pact feat fee White 
House says would kill U.S. ratification. (AP) 

California Term Limits Rejected 

LOS ANGELES — In the United States' first conn 
ruling against term limits for state legislators, a federal 
judge on Wednesday overturned fee limits approved by 
California voters in 1 990, saying feat the measure 1 s lifetime 
limits of six years in the state Assembly and eight in the 
state Senate were unconstitutional. 

The judge, Claudia Wilken of U.S. District Court in 
Oakland, said the ballot initiative. Proposition 140, was 
impermissibly broad by imposing fee lifetime limits. 

“California's extreme version of term limits imposes a 
severe burden on fee right of its citizens to vote for 
candidates of their choice,” Judge Wilken wrote. (NYT) 

Guilty Plea to Taping Gingrich 

WASHINGTON — A Florida couple has agreed to plead 
guilty to federal charges of illegally taping a telephone 
conference call between the speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives. Newt Gingrich, and his lieutenants. 

John and Alice Martin of Fort White, Florida, each face 
a fine of up to 55.000 for violating a federal taw feat makes 
it a crime to “intentionally intercept" a telephone call. 
Made on Dec. 21, fee tape contains a discussion between 
Mr. Gingrich. Republican of Georgia, and his team on how 
to limit the political and media damage from his admission 
later feat day feat he violated House ethics rules. (WP) 

Quote /Unquote 

Susan McDougal, whose former husband was President 
Bill Clinton’s partner in the Whitewater real estate venture, 
on being in jail for refusing to testily before the Whitewater 
grand jury: “There comes a point in your life when you 
have to make a decision to stand up for what you believe in. 
Either that or you're lost. This is my stand. 1 will be the last 
person standing in this entire matter, believe me. Z'U be right 
here if I have to be.” (AP) 

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Landmark in Japanese Medicine 

Vote in Parliament Eases Way for Organ Transplants 

By Mary Jordan 

Washington Post Service 

TOKYO — Japan’s lower house 
of Parliament voted Thursday to of- 
ficially recognize the concept of 
brain death, setting aside decades of 
fierce cultural resistance and provid- 
ing Japan's first official endorse- 
ment of heart transplants, which 
have never been possible here. 

Doctors and other proponents say 
Japan's resistance to major organ 
transplants has cost thousands of 
lives that easily could have been 
saved. In what they call an em- 
barrassment to one of the world’s 
most technologically advanced na- 

viousiy, a person's heart had to stop 
for death to be declared, which made 
heart transplants impossible and liv- 
er transplants extremely difficult 
"We have been working toward 
this for a long time," said Shinji 
Aoki, who received a liver trans- 
plant in 1989 in San Francisco and 
now heads an advocacy group for 

transplant patients in Japan. 
The upper house of Pariil 

The upper house of Parliament 
still must approve the bill, which 
advocates say is likely but not cer- 

tain. But approval by the powerful 
lower house in the fust public vote 

dons, many critically ill Japanese 
have been flown to the United States 

and elsewhere for what has become 
a relatively routine operation. 

On Thursday, giving in to grow- 
ing public concern, the lower house 
of Parliament, which is the major 
lawmaking body, voted to allow a 
person to be declared dead when his 
or her brain stops functioning. Pre- 

on this issue is viewed here as land- 
mark change in public opinion that 
could have profound effects on Jap- 
anese medicine. 

Except for Pakistan and Poland, 
Japan is die only major nation that 
does not designate brain death as 
actual death, either by law or prac- 

There has not been a single heart 
transplant operation in Japan since 
1968, when a Japanese surgeon who 
performed the operation was inves- 

Riady Family Got Cold Feet 
On Buying California Bank 

New York Times Service 

HONG KONG — The Riady fam- 
ily of Indonesia, longtime supporters 
of Bill Clinton, were trying to buy a 
moltib 31i on-do Oar ha nk - in Califor- 
nia last year but backed off when they 
became embroiled in the investiga- 
tion of foreign contributions to the 
Democratic Party, according to their 
business associates in Hong Kong. 

The Riadys decided to delay their 
move for fear that their strong ties to 
China and a history of regulatory 
problems with other banks they 
owned in the United States would 
enmesh the acquisition in the in- 
quiry into whether Asian political 
donors were trying to buy influence 
in Washington. 

Even in the normal course of 
events, the Riadys might have ran 
into difficulties because the acqui- 
sition would have required approval 
from federal regulators who have re- 
peatedly criticized the family's bank- 

mgpractices over the last 10 years. 

Tne Riady family ana their 
former American representative, 
John Huang, have been at the center 
of the campaign -finance inquiries 
since it was disclosed that the 
Riadys helped place Mr. Huang in a 
job at the Commerce Department. 

But it has never been clear exactly 
why the Riadys would want influ- 
ence in Washington. 

The disclosure that die family in- 
tended to invest hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars in a California bank 
offers the first significant indication 
that the Riady family had a specific 
business interest that would have 
required help from a range of gov- 
ernment agencies and regulators. 

A representative of the Riadys 
held talks with several California 
banks. Since no deal was made, 
there is no evidence that the Riadys 
sought to use their ties to Mr. Clin- 
ton to further the business plans. 

tigated for murdering the donor. In 
the end, the doctor was not indicted, 
but die long criminal procedure 
froze all further operations. 

The legalization of brain death 
would mean that thousands of pa- 
tients could be taken off artificial 
life support once doctors deter- 
mined that there is no chance that 
their brain could ever function 
again. The Health and Welfare Min- 
istry estimates that more than 8.000 
people in Japan would be declared 
brain dead each year. 

“This opens the door for organ 
transplants." said Hidemi Dodo, a 
cardiologist at tile National Chil- 
dren’s Hospital in Tokyo. 

‘‘The biggest problem now will 
be getting donors,' * be said. 

Japan has trailed behind most oth- 
er advanced countries in organ trans- 
plants, because there is considerable 
cultural resistance to donating or re- 
ceiving organs. Many people be- 
lieve that person's body and soul are 
linked, and in giving up an organ a 
person gives up his or her soul. 
There are also lingering supersti- 
tions about "defiling" one’s body 
before it reaches the next world. 

Many here were surprised by how 
swiftly and solidly the mil was passed 
Thursday. The vote was 320 to 148, 
and despite predictions that many 
lawmakers would abstain from the 
vote, a remarkable 90 percent voted. 

At any given time about 4,000 
patients need a liver or heart trans- 
plant, and Mr. Aoki, the advocate 
who received a new liver, said that if 
any of those people in need were 
members of Parliament the vote 
Thursday would have occurred long 

But the action comes too late for 
NGyuki Monobe, 8, who died this 
month waiting for a heart transplant. 
Her case and similar recent cases 
were credited in large part for gen- 
erating the inrense publicity that 
helped push the bill through. 

When doctors publicized her 
case, saying that her only hope was a 
heart transplant, sympathetic 
strangers from all over the country 
donated $625,000 to sent her to the 
United States for the expensive op- 
eration. But Miyuki died shortly 
after arriving in the United States 
and before a compatible heart could 
be found her her. 

Cult Leader Pleads Not Guilty 
In Tokyo Subway Gas Attack 

logueasheetiteiedhisfijstp^ the Aum 

Shoko Asahara, a ^bbom. unpre- 

iSS'defeffwho durine 
Sphsd refused to enter 

persuaded him to go ahead with the attack. (NYT) 

Beijing Angry at Tibetan’s Visit 

BEIJING — China said opThured^tJ^wmpla^^ 
to the United States for allowng the SS 

U.S. leaders in Washington ^ 

allowing the Dalai Lama to carry out spbmst^uvm^ m 
the United States, and with U.S. leadere for meetmglmn. 
said the Foreign Ministry spokesman. Cm Turnip- 
‘•We have already expressed oursenous and principled 
stance to the U.S. side,” Mr. Cui said at a news bncfing. 

President Bill Clinton ignored Chinese warnings not to 
meet die Dalai Lama, Beijing’s arch-nval for Tibetan 

meet the Dalai Lama, Beijing s arcfl-nvai ror i locum 
loyalties, on Wednesday at the White House and told 
Tibet’s top religions leader that he would urge China to 
open a direct dialogue with him. _ 

“We express our adamant opposition to any actions 
that tolerate car support the Dalai Lama s activities to split 

tine motherland,’ *Mr. Cui said. (Reuters) 

Gunmen in Pakistan Kill 9 

Smxn Karaag/Rfloen 

48 YEARS LATER — The docks of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 
from where a ship departed Thursday for Xiamen, China, 
the first freighter to sail from Taiwan to China since 1949. 

North Korea Pushes for U.S. Relations 

The Asjociaied Press 

SEOUL — North Korea wants to 
establish diplomatic and economic 
ties with the United States before 
negotiating a peace treaty with 
South Korea, Seoul government of- 
ficials said Thursday. 

North Korea revealed its condi- 
tions at a meeting Sunday with the 
United States and South Korea in 
New York, the officials said. 

The meeting was called to hear 
North Korea’s response to four-na- 

tion peace talks proposed by Seoul 
and Washington a year ago to for- 
mally end the 1950-53 Korean con- 

The proposal calls for North and 
South Korea to discuss a permanent 
peace, with the United States and 
China mediating. The U.S. fought 
on South Korea’s side in the Korean 
conflict and China on North Korea’s 
side. The Koreas never signed a 
formal peace treaty at the end of the 

MULTAN, Pakistan — Gunmen killed nine-people, 
mostly Shiite Muslims, in a drive-by shooting Thursday 

in a central Pakistani town, the police said. 

The assailants opened fire on jewelry shops owned by 

Shift** in a market in Khaiipur Tamewaii in southern 
Punjab Province, the police said. Three suspects were 
arrested and raids also were conducted to round up Sunni 
Muslim militants , said Shaukat Javed, the police chief in 
nearby Bahawalpur. (AFP} 

China Deports BBC Journalists 

BEIJING — China has deported three British Broad- 

casting Corp. journalists for reporting illegally in a far 
northwestern region rattled by separatist violence. 

China’s Foreign Ministry said the three used tourist visas 
to enter Xinjiang, which was rocked recently by three bus 
bombings and a riot thar killed at least 19 people. 

Journalists need government permits to work in China 
and special permission to travel to Xinjiang, which is 
rarely granted. (AP) 



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TV lot of writers are attempting pre- 
dictions — and delivering stale cutups 
of today's newspapers. Linear extra- 
polations. More of die same, only more 
so. This is not the way of physicist 
Freeman Dyson. “Imagined Worlds’* 
cuts straight to a new chase. 

“The dominant science of the 21st 
century will be biology." Dyson ex- 
pects great advances in two areas of 
biological knowledge: the gene and the 
brain. He suggests that the first may give 
us per dinosaurs, and the second may 
bring about “radiotelepafoy." 

Regarding genetic engineering, Dys- 
on predicts a tool-based revolution based 
o a a device that allows "the physical 
sequencing of DNA." This would be a 
kind of super-microscope capable of di- 
rectly reading the genetic code found in 
cell nuclei 

At present this process is done by 
means of slow, complicated “wet" 
chemical tests; Dyson's device would 
turn this into a “thy" physical process 
that automatically converts nature’s 
messy analog codes into digital data. 
Mincing do words, Dyson exhorts, “I 
recommend this invention as a task for 
any ambitious young person who dreams 
of leading a scientific revolution.’’ 

Once we have the complete genetic 
code for the living organisms around us, 
how will we manipulate it? In and of 
itself, the code is even more incom- 
prehensible than die binary bits of a 
machine-language computer p r o g ram. 
But Dyson feels that we can discover a 
genetic metalanguage with high-level 
instructions on a par with “grow an eye 

That organisms can be grown from 
eggs and seeds is a familiar miracle. Dys- 
on refers to the DNA coding of organisms 
as “the first jump.” and he calls the still- 
mysterious high-level genetic coding 4 ‘foe 
second jump." In arguing for the ex- 
istence of genetic metalanguage, Dyson 
says, “The Cambrian explosion — the 

sudden appearance in foe Cam brian era 
540 million years ago of the entire di- 
versity of many-celled phyla. — was the 
result of the successful completion of the 
second jump. Once the abstract genetic 
language had been perfected, a marvelous 
menag erie of alternative adult body plans 
could be programm ed and evolve by nat- 
ural selection ..." 

So once we’ve used our pbysicaDy 
sequenced DNA databases to figme out 
the genetic metalanguage, “Designing 
dogs and cats in the privacy of a home 
may become as easy as [using a com- 
puter program for] designing boats in a 
waterfront workshop.” And of course 
there will be pet dinosaurs. And su- 
perchildren. All this will bring about 
great societal debate and dissent, al- 
though in the long term technology is. as 
usual, likely to prevail. 

“Radiotelepathy" is a word coined 
by Dyson to express a surprising but 
logical idea: You could have something 
like a cordless phone inside y our head. 
That is, “After the organization of the 
central nervous system has been ex- 
plored and understood, the way will be 
open to develop and use the technology 
of electromagnetic brain signals." The 
radiotelepafoy transmitters could be 
tiny chips implanted in foe brain by 

A lternatively, they might be 

grown in place using a genetic en- 

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“electric and magnetic organs that 
already exist in many species of eels, 
fish, birds and magneti tactic bacteria." 

It is interesting to speculate upon 
what kind of semantics we might use to 
communicate by radiotelepathy. Sub- 
vocal speech? Images? Emotions? On 
foe down side, what if you couldn’t turn 
your receiver off? Radiotelepathy is an 
exciting — and troubling — funhouse 
door opened by “Imagined Worlds.” 

Going further into the future, Dyson 
says that sometime around the year 
3000, our descendants will have dis- 
persed over the whole solar system. 
Because of the vast size of this space, 
our population could become many mil- 
lions of times as large. 

“No central authority will be able to 

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X at team events in the New 
York area this year, but three 
nve a cash equivalent: foe 
Grand National teams. Flights 
A, B, and C, divided by mas- 
ter-point holding. The win- 
ners will receive a contribu- 
tion toward their expenses to 
the national playoffs. 

The Flight B final was at 
tite Manhattan Club. The win- 
ners were David Gurvich, 
Sam Ehrifrfanan, Shira Jac- 
obson, Jason Ciano, Larry 
Asher and Mike Botwin. 

Judging by his play of the 
diagramed deal from the fi- 
nal, Gurvich is headed for 
stardom. He reached four 

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West M to dUmn a d queen. 

beans as shown, and received 
the lead of the diamond 

queen. South can try to es- 
tablish dummy’s fifth spade, 
but that requires even breaks 
in both major suits and the 
heart king in the West hand. 

Gurvich tried to score as 
many trump tricks as he 
could. He won the diamond 
king, cashed the spade ace, 
ruffed a spade, crossed to the 
diamond king and ruffed an- 
other spade. 

South now led a low club 
and West took foe queen. De- 
clarer now could have scored 
an extra club trick, but was 
not sure where foe kmg was. 
He wan a heart shiftwith foe 
ace, led a club to the ace and 
ruffed a club. The - ending 
reached is shown at right 

When Gurvich led a dia- 
mond from the dummy, be 

could not be prevented from 
scoring two trump tricks. East 
bad to discard, and a ruff in 
the closed hand was followed 
by a trump lead. West won, 
and the remaining tramp took 
the 10th trick. 

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regulate their activities OTeven be aware 
of their existence. Tire process of spe- 
ciation. the division of our species into 
many varieties with genetic endowment 

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driftmg gradually urrther apart will 
then be under way.” Thanks to genetic 
engineering, human speciation^ will hap- 
pen at an explosive pace and “our one 
species will become many." 

As weD as there being many more 
people, the quality of human experience 
may change. “Some of our descendants 
will be eager to explore foe delights of 
collective memory and collective con- . 
sciousness, made possible by . . . ra- ^ 
diotelepafoy. The experience . . . will 
enormously enlarge art, science, reli- 
gion and history. — Those who have 
experienced the merging of memory and 
consciousness into a larger mind may 
find it difficult to communicate with 
those who still rely an spoken or written 
words. Those who have been part of an 
immortal group-mind may mod it dif- 
ficult to communicate with ordinary 
mortals.” Like web surfers talking to 
computer literati? 

As well as mind-boggling specula- 
tions, “Imagined Worlds" includes 
some good discussions of how science 
and technology relate to politics and 
ethics. There is, for instance, a fresh . 
approach to the currently fashionable 
problem: How should we prevent Earth 
from being hit by a comet? Dyson’S 
solution is to use computer-enhanced 
digital telescopes to detect any comet w 
fora’s within 100 years rtf crossing ^ 
Earth's oririL 

Given such a long lead time, a gentle 
solution to deflecting the comet is feas- 
ible. Simply send a solar-powered xen- 
on-jet robot spacecraft to put a mass- 
driver on tk? comet The mas s-driver 
uses a magnetic accelerator to push 
buckets aloqg a straight track, hurling 
scoops of comet crud to propel foe 
comet foe other way. Much cooler than a 
hydrogen bomb. 

The itane? Freeman Dyson has it 
figured ouL 

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Rudy Rucker, a mathematician and a 
writer whose science-fiction novel 
“Freeware” mil appear this summer, 
wrote this for The Washington Post. 

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The Associated Press 

• MOSCOW — Russia and rhix^ 
agreed Thursday to Emit troops and 
weapons along their long bonder, the 
scene of frequent tension and e nraging 
.clashes during Soviet trm»»s _ 

' Three Central Asian nariop c — 
Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan 
^ W the accord at a Kremlin 
ceremony in which the presidents of all 
■five nations praised die move as an im- 
portant step toward making the region 
more secure.. 

■President Jiang Zemin of China said 
.the accord was a “security model that 
differs from the Cold War mentality ” 

% Russia and China to Limit Border Troops 

Details of the deal were to be kept 
secret until ratification of it by the par- 
liaments of the five nations. 

China shares a 8 ,000- kilometer 

(5,000-mile) border with die four coun- through for the Asian-Pacific region." 
tries, all of than former Soviet republics. The agreement reflects tbe improving 

The border was heavily guarded during relations between Russia and China, 
the Soviet era. and border clashes broke Communist rivals for three decades after 
out on occasion. . . relations soured in the late 1950s. 

Russia and China are now less wot- The Chinese leader, on a five-day visit 
tied about each other’s intentions, to Russia, met Mr. Yeltsin on Wed- 
though both still have security concerns nesday and they signed a declaration 
in Central Asia. Beijing is wary of its agreeing to work toward a "multipolar 

allies who control most of Af ghan i stan , number of troops and the amount of NATO expansion, Agence France- 
At the signing ceremony Thtusday, military equipment the sides can have Presse reported from Washington. 
President Boris Yeltsin of Russia said near the border, but does not email froop A White House spokesman. Michael 

the border agreement was “a break- withdrawals, according to Russian re- McCuny. said the move would have 

restive Uighur minority in the west of 
China, while Russia is worried about 
Islamic rebels in Tajikistan and their 

Despite Turkish Army, 
Islamists Vow to Stay 

global clout of tire United States. 

Tbe border treaty sets ceilings on the 


ithdrawals, according to Russian re- McCuny. said the move would have 
ports. The Interfax news agency report- little actual impact on plans to add 
ed that the troops would remain where former East bloc members to the North 
they were and that the two sides had Atlantic Treaty Organization, 
merely ruled our any increase. Thar con- “We’re aware of both governments’ 
trasted with earlier reports of reductions views on the question of NATO ex- 
of as much of 15 percent to 20 percent, pansion and discuss those matters with 

■ Washington Unworried tl ? em bilaterally," he said. “They-re 

^ also aware of our determination to pro- 

The White House said Thursday that it ceed with the policy were pursuing.” 
d no concerns that (he China-Russia The Chinese -Russian declaration 

part of an attempt to lessen the had no concerns that the China-Russia 

declaration signed Wednesday would builds on a “strategic partnership” ac- 
feed tbe two nations' opposition to cord signed in Beijing a year ago. 


ANKARA — Turkey's governing Is- 
lamists vowed to retain power Thursday 
despite mounting pressure from die mil - 
•itary in a dispute over religious activism. 

“I believe the government has work 
to do and it win keep cm doing it,” 
Ahmet Tekdal, an assistant leader of the 
Islam-based Welfare Party, said at a 
news conference. 

! Shares on the Istanbul stock market 
■fell 4.84 percent to close at an index 

reading of 1,455 on worries that Prime 
Minister Necmettin Erbakan’s coalition 
was crumbling. 

The army, which sees itself as the 
guardian of Turkey’s strict secularist 
System, is expected to pressure toe gov- 
ernment to carry exit its demands to 
implement an anti-Islamist crackdown 
at a National Security Council meeting 

• The generals’ discontent has raised 
fears of military intervention. The army 
has staged three coups in Turkey since 

Mr. Tekdal challenged critics to re- 
move the government democratically. 

; "There are certain legal aid consti- 
tutional rules on forcing toe government 
out Everyone should sake their claim,” 
he said. “Governments aren't formed or 
toppled just for this or that reason.” 
i The main opposition Motherland 
Party requested a parliamentary probe 
Thursday of Interior Minister Meral Ak- 

seoer for allegedly abusing her position 
in tbe removal of toe national police 
chief, Alaadin Yuksel, last month. 

The motion could lead to a ballot in 
Parliament within a month that would 
effectively be a vote of confidence in tire 
government Mr. Erbakan's coalition 
with conservatives has already weath- 
ered a series of gtmilxr parliamentary 

The latest escalation in the armed 
forces’ political war with tbe Erbakan- 
led government began with comments 
from General Osman Ozbek, tire police 
commander in the eastern province of 

General Ozbek denounced Mr. 
Erbakan as a pimp for accepting the 
hospitality of Saudi Arabia’s conser- 
vative King Fahd during his pilgrimage 
to Mecca tins month. 

‘ ‘If be werearealmaa, he wouldn'tgo 
as a guest of a king like that,” General 
Ozbek said. “I do not care whether he is 
prime minister or minister of whatever,' ’ 
be said, adding that Mr. Erbakan was "a 
p imp.” 

‘^Some of those making use of de- 
mocracy are trying to come to power by 
cutting throats as in Algeria,” he said, 
referring to radical Islamist violence in 
that country. 

His remarks, made at a closed meet- 
ing, were leaked to major newspapers 
and a videotape of his speech was broad- 
cast on many television channels. 

BATTERED — A Belgian worker awaiting medical aid Thursday 
during clashes with polke in Lille, France. The Renanlt workers from 
Vilvoorde, who have been protesting over the planned closure of their 
plant, wanted to meet Ptare Mauroy, tbe Socialist mayor of Lille. 

BRITAIN: Wary of Wide Lead, Blair Begins Final W&ek of Campaign With Lots of‘Nots’ 

Continued from Page 1 

ing anxiety in. toe country over Britain’s 
integration into Europe, and a poll pub- 
lished in The Guardian on Wednesday 
showingLabour’s lead reduced to only 5 
points suggested that the Conservatives 
had finally made their breakthrough. 

Thursday the Gallup poll showed La- 
bour 20 points ahead, and the MORI poll 
put the party 21 points in fnmfc but a 
Labour spokesman warned against 
earlier poll was a “valuable reminder” 
that things could still change and they 
could not afford to “let die foot off the 

The Tories returned Thursday to em- 

phasizing economic achievement along 
with their concerns about European in- 
tegration as tbe foens of toeir campaign. 
Mr. Major toured tire Jaguar car plant at 
Coventry and die electronics company 
Siemens on Tyneside as a way of point- 
ing op toe success his government has 

and attracting foreign investment. He 
said that a Labour government would put 
Britain's competitiveness at risk by im- 
porting Eurcrpean-style industrial 
policies and tax levels through its stated 
willingness to accept toe European 
Commission’s work md wage laws 
known as toe Social Chapter. 

Mr. Blair took his battle buses to toe 
suburban town of Mrtcham, south Lon- 

don, on a visit that epitomized his cam- 
paign strategy and style. Tbe district is a 
Conservative one where a swiAg of only 
1 .7 percent of toe vote would d^ver it to 
Labour. It is one of 83 such "marginal” 
constituencies with a Tory majority of 
less than 10 percent that the party has 
focused its resources on to takeover the 
659-seat Parliament. 

A campaign advisory said that the 
residents of Mitcham were “aspiration- 
al” and “typify the kind of voters tool 
New Labour must attract if it is to win tbe 

In a brief speech to a rally on the 
Mitcham Fair Green, Mr. Blair dis- 
missed the taunts of Tory supporters 
waving placards for Dame Angela Rum- 

Conservatives Will Barely Win French Election, a Poll Finds 


PARIS — The conservative coali- 
tion will only just win legislative elec- 
tions next month, taking 292 seats in 
toe 577-member National Assembly 
where tbe majority is 289 seats, an 
opinion poll said Thursday. 

The poll by toe IPS OS institute, to be 
published Saturday in toe weekly Le 
Point, said toe Socialist Party and its 
allies would win 256 seats and die 
Communist Party, 28 — a total of 284 
seats for the left. The extreme right 
National Front would win one seat, 
according to tbe poll. 


Hong Kong’s Fate 

Continued from Page 1 

don because his Gibraltar passport was 
not recognized. Spain will not partic- 
ipate in some international sporting 
events in which Gibraltar also plays. 

S pain refuses to recognize Gibraltar’s 
international telephone code. Ami Spain 
will not allow Gibraltar a seat at the table 
of negotiations on Gibraltar’s future ex- 
cept as a member of the British del- 
egation, contending tom the two con- 
cerned nations are toe only entities with 
standin g to talk. . 

“That one democratic country in the 
European Union should pretend another 
democratic EU country should hand 
over Gibraltar as if it were a parcel is a 
betrayal of democratic principles,’ ’ said 
Chief Minister Peter Car u an a . Gibral- 
tar’s top elected official. 

Mr. f’gruana said Spain's position is 
particularly galling because he won his 
election campaign a year ago with prom- 
ises of constructive dialogue. He also 

■ s AtfhMimrfr cmifO. 

The first round of elections will be 
held May 25; the second, June 1 . 

The IPSOS poll said the conser- 
vatives could count chi 200 safe or 
probable seats, compared with 232 a 
mouth ago. It added that toe Socialists 
could count on 172 seats, a rise of 48; 
toe Communists 26, a one-seat drop; 
and toe National Front, no safe seats. 

In toe remaining 179 constituencies, 
where toe gap between tbe two re- 
maining candidates in die second 
round on June 1 will be less than 5 
points, the right can hope to win all toe 
seats, the poll said. 

It added that the Socialists would 
win 176 seats, the National Front, six 
seats, and the Communists, three. 

The IPSOS pollsters interviewed 
1,633 registered voters who said they 
intended to vote. No margin of error was 
given, but such polls usually cany a 
margin of enor of 2 to 3 percent 
The poll also found that 38 percent 
of those questioned wanted die current 
conservative majority to win, while 35 
percent wanted toe left to win. 8 per- 
cent wanted none of the major leftist or 
rightist parties to win, and 19 percent 
had no opinion. (AFP, AP ) 

bold, the sitting Conservative, saying: 
“You've had 1 8 years to get this country 
right. We say 18 years is enough. Go!” 

Mr. Blair and his wife Cbene Booth, 
a lawyer, toured a nearby subdivision, 
and his handlers produced a Ford Si- 
erra, one of toe party’s favorite sym- 

In his address to the party's conven- 
tion in October, Mr. Blair said that the 
moment in 1992 that he had realized 
Labour was going to lose was the day he 
encountered a man washing his car who 
told him he was going to vote for the 
Conservatives because he feared Labour 
would take away his gains and oppor- 
tunities. When Mr. Blair identified the 
make of toe automobile, “Sierraman” 
was bom. 

Thursday’s Sierraman was Colin 
Jones, 58, a gardener, who told Mr. Blair 
that he was switching from the Con- 
servatives this year ‘ ‘because toe Labour 
Party deserves a try.” Mr. Blair said that 
the party had added 10,000 "switchers” 
to ns membership, and at his London 
press conference he posed on stage with 
eight of them. 

It is this group, people with stable jobs 
who want toe opportunity to better them- 
selves, that the Labour Party has ded- 
icated itself to winning over. They 
flocked to toe Conservatives in 1979, 
attracted by Mrs. Thatcher’s promise to 
champion individual enterprise and to 
liberate people from a state that was seen 
to be standing in the way of toeir per- 
sonal advancement. 

Battle to Be 
Milan’s Mayor 

A genre France -Presse 

MILAN — That Milan's next mayor 
will be a wealthy businessman is all but 
certain as voters head to toe polls for the 
first round Sunday of partial municipal 

The question is whether the next may- 
or will be a rightist union-buster or an 
industrialist picked by the governing 
center-left Olive Tree coalition. 

The favorite, Gabriele Albertini, is toe 
protdgd of former Prime Minister Silvio 
Berlusconi, leader of the center-right 
opposition, who settled on Mr. Albertini 
after a search of several months. 

Mr. Albertini earned his credentials as 
a union-buster in salary negotiations as 
tbe president of ii\e powerful metal- 
working federation. 

In the other comer, the Olive Tree 
coalition has placed Aldo FumagallL 39, 
scion of one of Milan’s industrial dy- 
nasties. The choice of Mr. FumagallL a 
moderate, has not been unanimously 
welcomed on the left. 

The race also has a dark horse: the 
incumbent mayor, Marco Formentini, 
67. who conquered Milan in 1993 while 
riding a wave of popularity for the 
Northern League. 

But Mr. Formentini 's star began to 
fade last year when his party radicalized 
its demands for autonomy into a se- 
cessionist bid for northern Italy, and now 
he has practically no chance of keeping 
his office. 

The campaign began noisily, but has 
become more sedate with the unveiling 
of platforms. 

Mr. Albertini is vowing to combat 
crime and improve public services such 
as mmsportation and parking facilities, 
while Mr. Fumagalli wants to restore 
Milan's identity and make it more liv- 

Mr. Formentini hopes to revive in- 
frastructure projects, including a new 
airport, a new Metro line and an ex- 
hibition center that were stalled by the 
1992 “Clean Hands” corruption in- 
quiry. which hit Milan especially hard. 

Tbe city of 13 million people, with 5 
million more in the urban areas around it, 
is beset by physical problems, including 
chaotic traffic and chronic pollution. 

Each year 50,000 residents are forced 
by high living costs to move to the 
suburbs. A large immigrant population 
aggravates an already high jobless rate 
of about 8 percent, and signs of new 
poverty are emerging. 

Milan's Association of Metropolitan 
Interests, which conducts city planning 
studies, emphasizes Milan's strengths in 
finance, publishing and toe university 
besides its trademark fashion and design 

But as the city continues to evolve, the 
association director. Luisa Toeschi. said, 
the public and private sectors need to 
work together on a strategy for patting 
Milan on a par with other European 
cities such as Lyon or Barcelona. “The 
first foreign policy that Milan should 
conduct is in the towns within a 10- 
kilometer radius,” she said. 


i South olthe 
border order 
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Est. 1911, Paris 
'Sank Roo Doe Noo” 

Anna T n l i1ii|1 n n Ph»l 

Cars fining up for at least an hour's wait at the Gibraltar-Spanish border. 

Ellllg UUU u * . — 

tarians alike; now he finds his goodwill 
has reaped no return, be said. 

Over toe years, Gibraltar has com- 
plained to toe United Nations and. more 
recently, to the EU in Brussels, with little 
result. Talks between Spain and Bntam 
are conducted every year, as decreed by 
treaty, but nothing ever changes. 

The Gibraltar Chronicle this month 
editorialized that “Spain wants to com- 
pare us to Hong Kong/' It said,- 'The 
very least Spain could do is make sure 
we can distinguish her approach to that 

of China.” - . 

A Spanish diplomatic source said 

there arc reasons to support much of 

what Gibraltarians perceive as. hassles. 
The ban on air flights is because toe 
airport, built on landfill right at the bor- 
der, is on territory Spain says it owns. 
Gibraltar-issued passports are not. ac- 
ceptable because Gibraltar is not a coun- 
try. The lines at the border stem from a 
simple lack of resources, as in many 
countries. And Gibraltar is not granted a 
seat at the negotiating table because 
“they don’t exist as an international 
partner with Spain,” he said. 

Earlier this year, toe Spanish foreign 
minister, Abel Matutes, floated toe idea 
of a long, multidecade period of joint 
sovereignty, followed by the transfer of 
Gibraltar to Spain. The proposal has not 
been made formally, but some here 

viewed it as a positive step on the as- 
sumption that h was an opening offer. 

Still, it is hard to imagine citizens of 
Gibraltar accepting any kind of con- 
nection with Spain. In a 1967 refer- 
endum on whether to retain ties to Bri- 
tain, toe vote was 12,138 to 44 in favor. 
If such a vote were held again, the result 
would be “exactly toe same, ” said Tony 
Connor, a retired freight company own- 
er. “Nobody likes to get kicked around. 
It is very frustrating/ ’ 

Hong Kong, he said, was a legitimate 
commercial lease. 

“That never happened here,” he ad- 
ded. “The greatest stone in the shoe for 
Spain is we don’t want anything to do 
with them, and we don’t have to." 

A Space for Thought. 

2 X Command to 

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ax Report maker 

Bosnian Serbs Jail 
7 Muslims in Trial 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovi- 
na — A Bosnian Serb court im- 
prisoned seven Muslims on 
Thursday after a murder trial that 
was harshly criticized by the in- 
ternational community. 

The court in Zvonuk gave three 
of the Bosnians 20-year prison 
terms on charges of murdering four 
Serbs. It sentenced the other four to 
one year each for illegal possession 
of firearms. 

The court had denied the defen- 
dants the right to be represented by 
lawyers from toe Muslim-Croat 
federation, instead appointing Ser- 
bian attorneys who were given just 
five minutes to present a defense. A 
United Nations spokesman said the 
court had presented no conclusive 
evidence to back the charges. 

When they surrendered to troops 
of the NATO-led peacekeeping 
force, the Muslims said they had 
been in hiding since 1995 wartime 
massacres in toe enclave of 
Srebrenica. Because they were car- 
tying grenades and sidearms, put- 
ting them in violation of the Dayton 
accord that halted fighting in Bos- 
nia. they were handed over to Bos- 
nian Serb police. ( Reuters ) 

Extradition Sought 
Of Ex-Yeltsin Aide 

MOSCOW — Russia has formal- 
ly requested the extradition of Sergei 
Stankevich, a former adviser to Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin who was detained 
last week in Poland cm suspicions of 
bribe-taking and corruption, a news 
report said Thursday. 

The Russian prosecutor-gener- 
al’s office sent an official request to 
Polish authorities to hand over Mr. 
Stankevich, the Interfax news 
agency reported. 

Russian prosecutors have been 
investigating Mr. Stankevich on 

suspicion of accepting a $10,000 
bribe for organizing a concert on 
Red Square in 1992 when he was 
deputy mayor of Moscow. Mr. 
Stankevich was among the young 
reformers who helped advise Mr. 
Yeltsin in toe early 1990s. (AP) 

Priebke Trial Kept 
In a Military Court 

ROME — The trial of Erich Prieb- 
ke on charges of war crimes will stay 
in a military court, Italian judges 
ruled Thursday, rejecting calls for 
him to be tried for genocide. 

Lawyers representing members 
of Rome’s Jewish community had 
sought to move the case to a civilian 
court, where Mr. Priebke could be 
tried for genocide. But the former 
Nazi's lawyer had argued that the 
charge, established in 1967. could 
nor be applied retroactively. Mr. 
Priebke is charged in the 1944 mas- 
sacre of 335 civilians. (AP) 

4 French Neo-Nazis 
Given Prison Terms 

PARIS — A court sentenced four 
neo-Nazis to as many as two years 
in prison Thursday for toe 1990 
desecration of 35 graves at a Jewish 
cemetery in southern France. 

The Marseille court sentenced 
the ringleaders, Olivier Firabry and 
Patrick Laonegro, to two years in 
prison, the maximum term. The oth- 
er two defendants, Yannick Gamier 
and Bertrand Nouveau, received 20- 
month sentences. 

The desecration, in which the re- 
cently buried body of Felix Germon 
was dug up and his sodomization 
simulated with a beach umbrella, 
had shocked France. (Reuters) 

© Af«c York Tinws/Ediied by Will Shortz. 

Solution to Puzzle of April 24 

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Japan Foreign Minister 
Congratulates Fujimori 

Gmp&rf ty Ow SktFren Dapautus 

LIMA — Foreign Minister YuJtibiko 
Ikeda of Japan met here Thursday with 
former Japanese hostages who were in- 
jured as they were freed after 18 weeks 
of captivity in the Japanese ambassa- 
dor's residence. 

He was also carrying congratulations 
for President Alberto Fujimori, who sent 
army commandos to free the captives 
despite strong pressure from his Jap- 
anese ally to avoid the use of force. 

State funerals were scheduled for Car- 
los Giusti, a judge who bled to death 
after being caught by a bullet, and two 
soldiers killed during the storming of the 
ambassador's residence. 

The bodies of the 14 Tupac Amaru 
Revolutionary Movement rebels, slain 
by bombs and gunfire in a 40- minute 
battle, were taken to a Lima morgue 
where their families will be allowed to 
retrieve them. 

Although praise flooded in from 
around the world for the troops who 
rescued the 71 hostages, there was some 
pressure on Mr. Fujimori’s government 
to reveal exactly how Judge Giusti died. 

There was speculation that he may 
have been accidentally struck by a mil- 
itary bullet during an otherwise clin- 
ically executed operation. 

The president of the Lima chamber of 
lawyers, Vladimir Paz de la Barra, called 
for an investigation, saying it was 
strange that a tourniquet had not been 
applied to Judge Giusti’s bleeding leg. 

Japan, whose two dozen nationals 
were all unharmed in the operation, was 
fulsome in its praise, despite not being 
consulted before the raid on what was 

firsthand about the daring assault. His 
100-strong delegation included 27 po- 
lice officers, six members of a medical 
team and 10 relatives of freed Japanese 

After meeting Mr. Fujimori and at- 
tending the funerals, Mr. Ikeda was 
scheduled to meet with Morihisa Aoki, 
the Japanese ambassador who held the 
cocktail party stormed Dec. 17 by the 
Tupac Amaru rebels. 

Mr. Ikeda said he would discuss with 
Peruvian authorities how to avoid a re- 
peat of the hostage crisis, during which 
the group of Marxist rebels held Pe- 
ruvian, Bolivian and Japanese VIPs for 
126 days to demand the release of jailed 

In Tokyo, Prime Minister Ryutaro 
Hashimoto said he also planned to visit 
Peru shortly to reiterate his gratitude. 

“I would like to thank Peru from the 
bottom of ray heart for thoroughly pre- 
paring for the raid and successfully free- 
ing most of the hostages,” Mr. Ha- 
shimoto said. 

Tokyo had consistently urged Pres- 
acenil t 

legally Japanese territory. 

Ikeda flew in to pass on Tokyo's 
thanks to Mr. Fujimori and to hear 

idem Fujimori to seek a peaceful end to 
the standoff, and had sent Mr. Ikeda to 
Peru in the early days of the crisis to 
ensure restraint 

But Mr. Fujimori's patience finally 
wore out when the Tupac Amaru guer- 
rillas decided to limit medical visits to 
the captives. 

As commandos swarmed into the am- 
bassador's residence from all sides, the 
rebel leader, Nestor Cerpa Cartolini, 
shouted: “We've screwed up! We’ve 
screwed up!” the Peru daily La Re- 
publics reported Thursday. 

The newspaper, citing police sources 
who had been listening in with electronic 
surveillance at the tune of the attack. 


Archbishop Juan Luis Cipriani of Peru, left, being comforted by a Japanese envoy, Ternsuke Tara da, at a 
press conference in Lima. Both were members of the commission negotiating an aid to the hostage crisis. 

added that the two teenage girls among 
the rebels shouted ai troops to hold fire 
saying: ”We Surrender! We Sur- 

But the order was to shoot to kill. 

The successful operation reversed 
overnight Mr. Fujimori's popularity rat- 
ing, according to the polling agency 
Apoyo SA. 

A survey conducted the day after the 
raid showed that his approval level shot 
up to 67 percent from 38 percent four 
days ago, the lowest level during his 
seven years in office. 

The poll of 420 people in metropolitan 

Tima, where about one third of Peru- 
vians live, showed that 84 percent ap- 
proved of the assault on the residence. 

Meanwhile, clean-uy operations con- 

tinued at the gutted Japanese ambas- 
sador's residence, where police were 
sweeping the grounds for land mines and 
booby traps. 

Counterterrorism specialists in the 
United. States said the Peruvian military 
pulled off its rescue by applying lessons 
trow recent hostage situations else- 
where, but with notable innovations that 
included the use of a network of tunnels 
beneath the compound. 

“I just think tins was absolutely mag- 
nificent — a model,” said L. Paul 
Bremer, who was tire U-S. State De- 
partment's ambassador-at-large for coun- 
terterrorism from 1986 to 1989. “1 think 
the lesson here is that it's useful to try to 
draw out negotiations in situations like 
tins in tiie hope that the terrorists will tire 
and want to Sod a way out. But in the end, 
you've got to be p r ep ared to use force.” 
Despite reports that the Pentagon had 
provided training and logistical support 
to the Peruvian Army, the Defense De- 
partment denied any American link to 
the rescue. (Reuters. AFP. NYT) 

HOSTAGE : Bond With Rebels Saved Lives 

Continued from Page 1 

The bond among the hostages helped 
them to avoid panic when word filtered 
through to them, minutes before the mil- 
itary attack began, that they were about 
to be liberated. None of the hostages 
were willing to divulge who gave them 
advance notice of the raid and instruc- 
tions to hit the floor and remain calm. 

In the first days of the siege, said Jorge 
Gumucio. tiie Bolivian ambassador. Mr. 
Cerpa told the hostages that they would 
all be killed if President Alberto 
Fujimori sought to resolve the crisis by 
sending in soldiers. 

“Fujimori will have to take the blame 
for a massacre,” Mr. Gumucio quoted 
the guerrilla commander as saying. 

But as time wore on. Mr. Cerpa 
seemed to grow isolated from three other 
self-styled comandantes among the hos- 

televised interview Wednesday. But an- 
other guerrilla leader. Tito, once told 
him that he would not agree to end die 

occupation unless Mr. Fujimori released 
1450 of 

tage-takers, including Roli Rojas 
Fernandez and two who went by the 

names Salvador and Tito, and from the 
younger rebels. 

Mr. Gumucio said be was able to 
observe a clear difference between the 

four older guerrillas, including Mr. 
10 others 

Cerpa, and 10 others who appeared to be 
younger and less seasoned in the ways of 
armed warfare. 

“My personal belief is that Cerpa was 
ready to settle,” Mr. Gumucio said in a 

all 450 prisoners from the Tupac Amaru 
movement in Peruvian jails. 

“I didn’t leave my family and my crops 
to come here and sell out to free three or 
four of our people and then go live in 
Cuba, " Mr. Gumucio said Tito once told 
him angrily. “I came for my 450.” 

Meanwhile, the younger rebels, who 
included several Peruvian Indians and 
two women, grew more interested over 
time in the habits and notions of the men 
they were guarding, several former hos- 
tages said. 

Mr. Munante told bow he struck up a 
friendship with the rebel who eventually 
spared his life. While Mr. Munante said 
trust would be too strong a word to 
describe the relationship that developed, 
he adamantly declined to reveal the 
young man's war name for publication, 
fearing unpredictable consequences for 
his surviving family or friends within the 
Tupac Amaru movement 

The agriculture minister said he spoke 
often to the rebels about the government 
projects he had tried to accomplish in 
Peru’s vast, impoverished fanning re- 

* ‘We were strong.” Mr. Munante said 
of die hostages, we were convinced 


X s' 

.. , VI. 

" ;,, v ■ • . 

C omman do Killed 

la Lima Assault 

Left Farewell Note 

One of the former hostages, the Reverend Joan Julio Wicht, describing the 
four-month ordeaL Father Wicfat, a Jesuit, said he was amazed to be alive. 

that we had been doing something right” 

before the long siege began. 

“I have only the strongest possible 

condemnation for these petty guerrilla 
chiefs who recruit those who are es- 
sentially children to teach them to kill,' ' 
Mr. Munante said. 

Mr. Gumucio described how at least 
once a week the guerrillas would prac- 

tice the response they would make if 
government troops tried to storm the 
compound. They would split up and rush 
into the various rooms where the hos- 
tages were living, hurling grenade 
According to Mr. Gumucio, the 
rillas’ drills included their own suicides, if 
they were not able to repel an assault from 
outside like the one begun on Tuesday. 


LIMA — A Peruvian naval com- 
mando who died in the hostage rescue at 
the Japanese ambassador’s residence 
left a farewell note for the men he led on 
the mission. 

“To my men: If you read this letter it 
is because I have died,” Juan Valer 
wrote, local media reported Thursday. 
“Think that I am at peace and the only 
thing I want is that people say Valer was 
a good man.” 

Seven bullets struck Mr. Valer as he 
was leading Foreign Minister Francisco 
Todela of Peru — the Tupac Amaru 
Revolutionary Movement rebels’ prize 
captive — to safety across the roof of the 
mansion amid a hail of gunfire and gren- 
ade explosions. 

Mr. Valer was with the- troops who 
stormed the upper-floor room where the 
rebels had been guarding their key hos- 
tages. He dragged Mr. Tudeia, who had 
been shot in & ankle, out of the build- 

, %, 

•. Valer, 38, the father of two young 
“loved his force as much as his 
y,” said his mother, Aurora San- 

Henry Mucci, 88, War Hero in Asia, Dies 

New York Times Service 

Henry Mucci, 88, the U.S. Army col- 
onel who became an American war hero 
in 1945 when he led tiie raid that rescued 
500 survivors of the fall of Corregidor 
and the Bataan Death March from a 
Japanese prison camp in the Philippines, 
died on Sunday at a hospital near his 
home in Melbourne, Florida. 

At the end of January 1945, a small 
force of U.S. Army Rangers and Filipino 
guerrillas under the command of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Mucci. a 36-year-old 
West Point graduate, had penetrated 30 
miles (48 kilometers) behind Japanese 
lines north of Manila and rescued 511 

men, most of them American soldiers, 
who for almost three years had endured 
brutal confinement in a camp named for 
the nearby town of Cabanatuan. 

Colonel Mucci's signature pipe, mus- 
tache and shoulder holster soon became 
familiar to millions of American news- 
paper readers. 

The prisoners be and his force of 
about 400 men rescued were the tattered, 
often crippled and emaciated remnants 
of 70,000 American and Filipino pris- 
oners captured by Japanese invaders in 
the opening months of the war. 

Accounts of some escapees had told 
of how more than 15,000 prisoners had 

been shot or hacked to death during a 

three-day, 65-mile forced march up the 
Bataan Peninsula that became known as 

the Bataan Death March. 

TRADE: Japan Surplus Revives Tensions 

Continued from Page 1 

tration officials are growing restive over 
signs dial Japan Inc. is fueling its recovery 
by relying on sales to foreign markets 
instead of expanding demand at home. 

“We do not want to see any increase in 
Japan’s trade surplus with the U.S. as it 
tries to move out of the current economic 
difficulty,” the U.S. trade representative, 
Charlene Barshefcky, said last week. 

According to Japanese reports — 
which administration officials would 
neither confirm nor deny — Mr. Clinton 
expressed even stronger concern in his 
letter to Mr. Hashimoto, saying that 
Tokyo's conservative economic policies 
could hamper domestic growth, thereby 
shrinking imports and increasing Ja- 
pan's dependence on exports. 

Administration officials broadly share 
the view of the Federal Reserve Board 
that the U.S. economy’s growth is plenty 
robust. So they do not suggest that the 
overall job market is suffering much from 
the increased sale of Japanese goods in 
the United States or the decreased sale of 
American goods in Japan. 

But the economy cannot boom forever, 
and policymakers worry about the outcry 
if growth were to weaken as the Japanese 
surplus was rising. At that point. Japan- 
bashers could argue that Americans were 
losing jobs because of Japan’s penchant 
for exports and aversion to imports. 

Deputy Treasury Secretary Lawrence 
Summers made a carefully worded case 
for Japan’s keeping its trade imbalance 
under control. “Excessive surpluses or 
deficits for any major country invariably 
call forward protectionist pressures,'' he 

said, adding that in some cases, they "can 

make job creation more irregular." 

Less diplomatically, C. Red Bergsten, 
director of the Institute for International 
Economics, described as “anti-social” a 
Japanese policy of tolerating rising trade 
surpluses. “It is, in a way. an exporting 
of unemployment,” he said. 

Tokyo says its trade surplus ought to 

be kept within reasonable bounds. But as 
for what shot 

Jean Lotus, 89, a Designer 
Who Dressed Hollywood Stars 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — Jean Louis, 89, an 
Academy Award-winning designer who 
created some of the most memorable 
costumes and fashions worn by Hol- 
lywood stars of the 1940s. ’50s and '60s, 
died Sunday at his home in Palm 
Springs, California. 

Bom Jean-Louis Berthault in Paris in 
1907, he trained there with the designer 
Drecoil. He came to the United States in 
1936 and switched from designing for 
private customers in New York to Hol- 
lywood in 1943, when he became bead 
designer at Columbia Pictures. 

Over four decades, he created designs 
either for the films or the personal 
closets of almost every star in Holly- 
wood, some 200 of them. He wear an 
Academy Award in 1956 for his designs 
for "The Solid Gold Cadillac,” starring 
Judy Holliday. 

should be done about the prob- 
lem — there’s the rub. 

Although driving die dollar back down 
against the yen might help, the Treasury, 
which sets U.S. currency policy, qrooses 
any explicit suggestion that it is seeking a 
cheaper dollar, lest global investors lose 
confidence in U.S. securities. 
Accordingly, policymakers in Wash- 

Chester A. Gore, 78, the founder, 
president and creative director of the 
Chester Gore Co., an advertising and 
marketing agency in Manhattan, died 
Saturday of kidney and respiratory fail- 
ure in a New York Hospital. 

Work for Europe, 
Havel Tells Czechs 
And Germans 


BONN — President Vaclav 
Havel of the Czech Repabtic urged 
Germans and Czechs on Thursday 
to set aside resentment left over 
from World War II and work to- 
gether for European integration. 

Mr. Havel's speech to foe German 
Parliament was tiie latest in a series 
of steps intended to help overcome 
the legacy of Hitler’s occupation of 
Czech lands and to establish the 
same untroubled relations that Ger- 
many has with other wartime foes. 

The playwright and former anti- 
communist dissident was one of the 
initiators of a bilateral declaration of 
reconciliation signed earlier this 
year after two years of talks. In tiie 
declaration, Bonn expresses sorrow 
for the Nazi occupation, and Prague 
its regret for foe postwar expolsion 
of 2.5 million ethnic Germans. 

“By freeing us all from our fear 
of the truth, the declaration creates 
an exceptionally favorable climate 
to develop our neighborly coexist- 
ence and cooperation on the Euro- 
pean stage, "Mr. Havel said, adding 
that it was “a historic chance that 
must not be wasted.” 

U.S. ‘Threats' Spice 
Iran’s War Games 

TEHRAN — * e ®* r *. 


istic as possible m the face of par- 
ceived U-S. threats. . 

"Although there are few signs of 


underestimate any teat, said. 
Ayatollah Khamenei, who com- 
mands Iran's armed forces. 

The troops from foe elite rev- 
olutionary Guards will end their 
four-day maneuvers Friday with ex- 
ercises near foe Strait of Hormuz, 
through which two-fifths the 
world’s oil supply is stoPP^ 

Tbe United States, which accuses 
Tehran of supporting terrorism and 
. t ■ _ - — Ktn'Mim has ahftnr 

ICUldU UI “ — o , ~ 

an aims buildup, nas about 
20,000 troops in the Gulf region. 

-LU.UUU ■ o 

Iran considers foe troop presence 
illegal. (AFP) 

UN Team Say Iraq 
Has Germ Secrets 

LONDON— The bead of foe 
toft* ? United Nations inspection 
team to visit Iraq said Thursday that 
his group had discovered indica- 
tions that Baghdad had still not dis- 
closed tiie full extent of its secret 
weapons program. 

jgram which had not 
been revealed to us,” Colonel Terry 
Taylor told reporters. He said the 
Iraqis had briefly mentioned foe 
program to the UN team but had not 
revealed how advanced ic was. 

Colonel Taylor said the weapon 
was a toxic agent, but would not 
disclose details of what his team had 
discovered. The team was in Iraq 
from April 5 to Sunday. ( Reuters ) 

Leftist Leads Race 
To RunMexico City 

MEXICO CITY — Mexico’s 
main leftist party has extended its 
lead in the race for Mexico City 
mayor, a newspaper poll said 

The poll by Mexico City’s Re- 
forms newspaper showed 
Cuauhtemoc Cardenas, of the Party 
of foe Democratic Revolution, with 
anil percentage point lead over his 
nearest rival. 

The July 6 election will be the 
first in modem times. Previously, 
the mayor had been a member of foe 
governing Institutional Revolution- 
ary Party appointed by the pres- 
ident. The survey showed the party 
in third place. ( Reuters ) 

Rebel Talks Fail 


The government and Muslim rebels 
failed to reach agreement Thursday 
on a proposed pullback of then- 
farces in the southern Philippines. 

“They agreed on notinng,” a 
member of Mono Islamic liberation 
Front panel told reporters after the 
meeting. ( Reuters ) 

DEFECTOR: Is He for Real? Seoul Asks 

Continued from Page 1 

have Mr. Hwang secluded somewhere in 
suburban Seoul, where they are begin- 
ning a debriefing of him that could take 

South Korean and U.S. officials say 
Mr. Hwang has not been questioned 
extensively since be sought asylum two 
months ago. The main focus had been 
getting Mr. Hwang to Seoul, and his 
South Korean hosts did not want to give 
him a chance to change his mind in 
Beijing by asking him too many tough 
questions, they say. 

Scrutiny of the intentions of Mr. 
Hwang has centered on statements be 
has made since arriving in Seoul and five 
letters he apparently wrote before bis 
defection, which were published by foe 
Cbosun Dbo newspaper. It is unclear 
how the paper obtained those letters, 
although it is believed to have many 
sources in the intelligence agency, 
which has confirmed the authenticity of 
much of what the paper has printed. 

Mr. Hwang repeatedly has described 
himself as a patriot devoted to both 
Koreas, which he describes as a ring]** 
divided homeland. He said he ram- 
South to warn South Korea ttwt the 
North is determined to reunify the pot- 
insula through war. and that it has nu- 
clear weapons and no qualms about us- 
ing the m . 

“The North regards foe South as an 

enemy and it plans to reunify the country 

by obliterating the South.” Mr. Hwang 
is said to have written in August 

Although the North has shown in- 
creasing willingness to engage South 
Korea and the United States, Mr. Hwang 
warns that the North has no intention of 
seeking peace through negotiation. The 
North “acknowledges dialogue only as 
a Hide to isolate the South and disguise 
its preparations for the invasion of the 
South through armed forces,” Mr. 
Hwang wrote. 

He said he was willing to sacrifice his 
family and “comrades” in the North, 
who may face imprisonment or exe- 
cution over his defection, because he had ^ 
“no choice but to surrender to foe voice 
of conscience” by coming to the South 
to “awaken tire nation to a nearing na- 
tional tragedy.' 7 

But there are questions about Mr. 
Hwang’s motivation. 

In letters written in November, Mr. 
Hwane acknowledged that he had fallen 

out of favor, saying that ‘ ‘my downfall is 
inevitable." Thai has lead some here to 

believe that Mr. Hwang de f err ed out of 
anger and self-interest rather than the 
good of the Korean P eninsula 
. Some suspect that Mr. Hwang may 
simply be bitter that he was pushed aside 
as a younger generation came to power 
after K im n Sung’s death in 1994. His 
tetters suggest that he still has faifo in bis 
philosophy ofjuche, but he believes Kim 
Jong n and his cronies have not carried it 
out property. 4 

ington and Tokyo prefer to see foe prob- 
lem addressed by strong domestic 

growth in Japan. If consumers spent 
more at home, Japan would import more 
and Japanese companies will find it less 
necessary to rely on exports. 

Tokyo has not delivered on past prom- 
ises to bolster domestic growth, and it 
says its options are limited. Interest rates 
are at historic lows. Government spend- 
ing could be raised, or taxes cut, but 
Finance Ministry officials insist that the 
budget deficit is already too large. In fact, 
Japan this month raised its consumption 
tax, which is likely to dampen demand. 

“Our experts believe our economy is 
strong enough to absorb foe negative 
impact of this tax increase,” said the 
Japanese ambassador to Washington. 
Kunihiko Saito, “and we’U be able to 
have high enough economic^ growth 
without depending on exports.” 

U.S. officials arc skeptical. So a tough 
grilling awaits foe visitors from Tokyo. 

MOTHER: Record Set and Ethics Questioned Revived as a 63-Year- Old Gives Birth 

Continued from Page 1 

directs the infertility’ pro gram at 
Columbia University in New York. 

Now it has become clear foal any 
woman who has a uterus can potentially 
become pregnant with a donated egg, as 
long as it comes from a relatively young 

Women who have gone through men- 
opause are just as likely as younger 
women to become pregnant using donor 
eggs, and their babies are just as healthy, 
said Richard Paulson, the director of the 
infertility center ai foe University of 
Southern California and the doctor for 
the 63-year-old woman. 

The age of foe oldest mother keeps 
getting pushed forward. Until now, foe 
record-holder was a woman in Italy but 
she was younger by months than the 
woman who gave birth in California. 

The donated egg is genetically un- 
related to the woman, but because her 
husband’s sperm fertilized it, foe baby 
received half her genes from him. 

Arthur Wisot, executive director of 
foe Center for Advanced Reproductive 
Care in Redondo Beach, California, said 
that older couples have few other op- 
tions. Adoption agencies will not give 
them babies and, in any event, he added, 
many couples prefer using an egg from a 

catalogue of donors, who provide ex- 
tensive information on their appearance, 
interests, ethnic background, and edu- 
cation, to adoption. 

ft is expensive to try to become preg- 
nant with donor eggs, costing about 
$15,000 for each attempt, and it takes cm 
average four attempts before women 
succeed. Health insurance virtually nev- 
er covers the procedure for older wom- 

But, doctors said, if a woman stays 
with the program, she is very likely to 

have a baby. “Persistence is the name of 

the game,” Dr. Sauer said. 

. 4 T’m sure we are going to run into a 

biological clock as for as pregnancies are 

concerned,” Dr. Paulson said, “but so 
far we have not” 

Some doctors have loose age limits at 
best, saying it is the woman's 
Others say it is unnatural or medically 
ui«ound to have a baity late m life and 
rrfuse to do foe procedure. Some, who 
““J 0 ** hmits. found that their age 
cutoffs kept changing as women 
sneak e d mto programs by lying about 
fomr ages and had successful pregnan- 

Dr. Paulson and his colleagues re- 
ported the case in the current issue of the 
journal Fertility and Sterility. 

When Dr. Sauer confronts women 

who lied about their age, fogy defend 
their dissembling. 4 They say, * We knew 
there was a cutoff at 55 but we know 

Well, yes and no.’” 

Yet, doctors say, there is no particular 
reason why 55, or any other age, should 
fem e limit for donated eggs, and dif- 
fered medical centers have different age 

“ “ra- He looks at foe 
haitoftu of women he treated who were 
E deceptions came to 

^ >ecame pregnant and 
stysthat despite their foshorasty, foe # 
Outcomes were really good.” 

“ r ra glad in my heart 
*» “*■” Yet, be said, 

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FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1997 





A Triumph in Peru 

The hostage rescue in Pern was a 
triumph. Guerrillas of a Cuban persua- 
sion. to gain trading bail for comrades in 
Peruvian prisons, seized the Japanese 
Embassy, putting at risk hundreds of 
lives and. Finally, holding 72 hostages 
for 126 cruel days. President Alberto 
Fujimori attempted negotiations and 
then launched a daring and. as it turned 
out, successful rescue in which there 
were amazingly small losses of life. One 
hostage and two attackers died. The 
guerrillas, who had claimed a revolu- 
tionary cause but found few takers 
among Peru's terrorism-weary popu- 
lation. lost all 14 of their own. 

In hostage takings, it is always 
tempting to speculate on alternative 
strategies and their likely conse- 
quences. Mr. Fujimori prepared two 
courses, negotiation and attack. He 
gave the first a reasonable chance, in- 
cluding an offer to the guerrillas of safe 
passage outside Peru. Having used the 
time to make meticulous preparations, 
he then moved to the second 

It is suggested that be acted out of 
political calculation. If so, let others 
similarly tested make similarly careful 
calculations. He faced killers ready to 
kill again. Not just his prestige but the 
authority of the state was under chal- 

lenge in the alternative that the terrorists 
offered — to have their comrades freed 
This particular guerrilla group, Tupac 
Amaru, was desperate for its survival 
before die embassy takeover and is 
even more reduced now. 

As for Mr. Fujimori, he has given a 
stunning example of personal leader- 
ship. one that he shrew dly transformed 
into a celebration of the Peruvian na- 
tion. A man given to a lonely and 
resolute style, be emerges in a position 
to make use of his refurbished standing 
and the newly made gains in social 
tranquillity in order to focus on the 
problems that have made his country 
backward and needy. One reform that 
he could tend to promptly and in the 
expectation of a broad international 
payoff would be to repair the notorious 
conditions in which Peru's terrorist 
prisoners are held 

People all over the world will wish 
Peru well and wonder how applicable is 
his model of dealing with terrorism. The 
answer; somewhat but not completely. 
Circumstances are too varied for a 
single model. But if not all terrorists are 
reachable by armed attack, no terrorists 
should be allowed to believe that they 
can enjoy indefinitely a free pass. 


Pressure on Rangoon 

The Clinton administration's de- 
cision to bar further U.S. investment in 
Burma has sparked charges of hypo- 
crisy. Why impose sanctions on Burma 
but not China? Why isolate Cuba but 
engage with North Korea? Why punish 
Libya but do business with Nigeria? 

The Clinton administration, it is true, 
has not been hobbled by consistency in 
its dealings with odious regimes. The 
first post-CoId War president has been 
feeling his way toward a new balance 
of commercial advantage, moral con- 
cern and other national interests, and he 
has not always come up with the right 
mix. But even an ideal foreign policy 
will not produce a single, all-purpose 
recipe for handling rogue states or en- 
couraging democratization. 

Sanctions are not the answer for 
every bad regime; historical precedent. 
U.S. public opinion, allies’ sentiment 
and practical questions of what is 
achievable all will and should be con- 
sidered. In the case of Burma, the ad- 
ministration — with a big push from 
Congress — has ended up in the right 
place. Rarely has a nation been more 
deserving of economic sanction. 

That is true, first, because Burma’s 
regime is about as odious as they come. 
Themilitary bullies who run the nation 
engage in torture and repression on a 
mass scale. Their particular specialty is 
press-ganging children and adults into 
slave labor. They control the economy 
so tightly and corruptly that foreign 
investment can only strengthen their 

grip, rather than creating space for 
resistance, as it might in less author- 
itarian countries. 

Burma also is different because it 
has a legitimate, democratically elect- 
ed leader — Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, 
the courageous woman who over- 
whelmingly won a 1990 election but 
who has bran kept under house arrest 
pretty much ever since. Unlike demo- 
crats in. say. Hong Kong, Daw Aung 
San Suu Kyi has made clear that for- 
eign investment and tourism are coun- 

Finally, there is a chance in this in- 
stance dim resolute U.S. action, backed 
by a diplomatic campaign, could spur 
international action along the lines of 
the multilateral sanctions that helped 
end apartheid in South Africa Japan, 
whose prime minister visits Bill Clinton 
in Washington this Friday, has resol- 
utely barred foreign aid and official 
loans to Burma; it could do more. 
Europe recently suspended some trad- 
ing privileges. Canada and Australia are 
debating trade sanctions. 

Only Burma's neighbors in South- 
east Asia continue with no embarrass- 
ment to favor “constructive engage- 
ment,” which Senator Daniel Patrick 
Moynihan this week called “a euphem- 
ism for doing business with thugs.” 
Now. ail the more, the burden is on 
those countries to press Burma's regime 
toward dialogue, or to join in a prin- 
cipled stand against Burma's barbarity. 


No Ordinary Flood 

People living along the Red River in 
North Dakota began bracing for a flood 
as early as last winter. It was then that a 
cannonade of blizzards dumped more 
than three years’ worth of snow in a 
period ofjust three months, the heav- 
iest snowfalls in modem memory. Two 
months ago. Governor Edward Schafer 
declared a flood alert, and the Army 
Corps of Engineers joined residents to 
build dikes in preparation for the snow- 
melt. TbeirefForts proved futile and the 
Red River still had its way, inundating 
Grand Forks in one of the most spec- 
tacular disasters of recent years. 

There is always an air of defeat 
surrounding a flood disaster, but the 
sense of shock is especially bitter in 
North Dakota, where the main error 
was that everyone worked hard to pre- 
pare for a flood twice as high as any in 
the river's history, only to discover last 
weekend that it was going to be nearly 
three times as high. At that moment it 
became frighteningly clear that even a 
few more feet of sandbags, stacked day 
and night by all the army troops and 
volunteers in the world, were not going 
to do any good. The dikes, reaching 
more than 50 feet (15 meters) in many 
places, proved no match for the 
tsunami-like force of the river. 

The National Weather Service says it 
is the kind of flood that happens once 
every 500 years. Unlike many other 
flood disasters of recent years, this one 
does not appear to have been caused by 
ill -conceived flood control projects, de- 
forestation or other human factors. The 
devastation is almost entirely testimony 

to the force of nature. It was exacerbated 
by the fact that die Red River flows 
north to Lake Winnipeg in Canada, 
which is still frozen, blocking the river’s 
progress. Unable to drain, tbe swollen 
river had rio recourse but to spill side- 
ways and force the evacuation of Grand 
Forks, acity of 50.000 that will probably 
remain under water for at least a week. 

“This is not an ordinary disaster, if 
there is such a tiling," said President 
Bill Clinton, capturing die almost in- 
conceivably bad luck of Grand Foiks. 
He promised, to increase emergency 
aid to $488 million, but added, "I 
know that S488 million or $4 billion 
wouldn’t make that go away.” 

There will be time in die months 
ahead to assess whether something 
more might have been done to make the 
flood predictions more accurate so that 
official planning could have fashioned 
more effective defenses. Are there better 
ways to measure the depth of die snow’, 
with gauges or satellite reconnaissance, 
so that die resulting snowmelt’s volume 
can be predicted more accurately? Are 
there bener means to judge where and 
when a river will crest? 

The people along the Red River will 
have to reassess whether they need 
more permanent dikes to prevent a 
recurrence of the disaster. For now, the 
most urgent task is to drain Grand 
Forks and get people back to then- 
homes and places of work. They will 
resume their lives alongside a river that 
will more than ever command their 
fear and respect. 


-T* f k iMi nvm ov\L typ 


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* TNM* iw rn ■utrwtin war 




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When Chinese Companies Lie to Washington 

J- .. ..nrii nnierm ffflS frlSTC 

W ASHINGTON — Satellite pho- 
tos now reveal that a state-owned 
Chinese company deliberately de- 
ceived Washington officials in 1994 
when it claimed that it was importing 
American machine tools for civilian 
purposes. Instead it diverted them il- 
legally to a missile factory. 

That should come as no surprise. The 
Clinton administration's penchant for 
putting trade above national security 
nas convinced China that even the 
greatest outrages will go unpunished. 

The equipment came from Colum- 
bus. Ohio, where it had been used to 
produce the B-l strategic bomber. The 
shipment included high-tech milling and 
measuring machines and a giant stretch 
press used for bending huge pieces of 
metal: all required export licenses from 
the Commerce Department. 

The state-run Chinese company Cat- 
ic said the equipment was to go to a new 
machining center in Beijing to be used 
in making civilian aircraft- But the cen- 
ter did not even exist when the licenses 
were applied for. 

Nonetheless, the Commerce Depart- 

By Gary Milhollm 

meat approved die shipment over the 
protest of Pentagon officials who were 
convinced that the machines would be 
diverted to military producers. 

Pentagon officials say the Chinese 
insisted on the machine tool sale at the 
same time tbe United States was frying 
to get the Chinese to buy aircraft from 
McDonnell Douglas, a deal that Com- 
merce Secretary Ron Brown went to 
China to complete and that President 
Bill Clinton announced with great fan- 
fare two months after the licenses for 
the machine tools were granted 

The stretch press went straight to a 
missile factory 800 miles (1300 ki- 
lometers) from Beijing, where a special 
building was created to house it. 

Tbe satellite photos show that tbe 
factory was under construction even as 
the Chinese were promising Clinton 
administration officials that they 
would use tbe press at die Beijing ma- 
chining center. Cane implied at the 
time that die plant in Beijing was al- 

most ready, which was also not true. 

Commerce Department investiga- 
tors, indignant at those and other de- 
ceptions, urged in late 1995 that Cafrc 
be punished with trade sanctions. But 
that course was rejected at the Com- 
merce Department’s higher levels, 
where officials have clung to the myth 
that engaging China is the way to get it 
to change its ways. 

Where has America’s engagement 
’■ -t actually gotten it? Since 1994, 
has refused even to talk to Wash- 
ington seriously about its exports of 
weapons of mass destruction. __ 
Despite Beijing’s promises in 1992 
and 1994 to stop selling missile tech- 
nology, American satellites and intel- 
ligence agents have observed regular 
travel by Chinese missile technicians to 
Pakistan, and have documented steady 
transfers of missile-related equipment- 
A Pakistani factory for the production 
of missiles capable of carrying nuclear 
warheads is expected to be ready for 
operation within the year. It was built 
with Chinese help. * 

Ip addition, China has been outfit- 

ting Iran wife poison gas 

ssaMt®* - ® 

China* essen- 
tially thisanic as feat followed toward 

Gulf War. By selling 
Saddam Hussein what he wanted, fee -j 
Scare Department said, Amenca would 
pereuade fem to stop being a rogue, 
haven’t we learned our lesson/ 

If America really wants to engage , 
the Chinese, it has to show that u is 
willing to punish them when *ey break 
the Jes. The United States should . 
indict Catic for its illegal diveraions 
and banish from American trade the 
Chinese companies that are spreading 
poison gas and missile technology to 
Iran and Pakistan. 

Until fee United States shows that it 
is serious, outrages like the Catic deal 
will continue. 

The writer directs the Wisconsin 
Project on Nuclear Arms Control. He 
contributed this comment to The New 
York Times. 


The Story From Germany Is About Big Changes Under Way 

mut Kohl is seeking an 
unprecedented fifth term. Amer- 
ica’s most important ally seems 
headed for prolonged stability. 
So Germany promises to remain 
boring? Wrong. 

Chancellor Kohl governs a 
nation undergoing tremendous 
change. And Germany’s polit- 
ical class is obsessed with 
youth. This is a story fear many 
Americans miss because their 
media are hung up on the Holo- 
caust and cover little but old and 
new Nazis, real or perceived. 

Essentially. American con- 
sumers of news get two stories 
on Germany: those about neo- 
Nazi incidents, and those about 
how well Germany suppresses 
neo-Nazi incidents. The com- 
mon subtext: There is an mge. a 
dark impulse, something in the 
German genes. 

This is not totally new, but it 
increasingly poses a problem. If 
looking abroad does not yield 
new insights, why tocher? The 
result is ignorance and neglect. 
America and Germany will pay 
a price. They lose the chance to 
share fee shaping of fee future. 

Sounds too grim? German 
angst? How can the German- 
American relationship be seen 
as anything but sound — so 
sound that recent controversies 
like fee one over the treatment of 
Scientology in Germany qualify 
at most as minor rumbles? 

Images of the fall of the Ber- 
lin Wail are fading. Just as Ger- 
mans have settled into disen- 
chantment and economic 
worries, Americans are forget- 
ting feat Germany, like South 
Africa, is one of the few living 
laboratories where unity is be- 
ing forged out of what once 
were the ultimate in contraries. 

Even benevolent American 
commentators, those who actu- 
ally find themselves arguing 
against fee Nazi “gene, feel 
obliged to report, for instance. 

By Robert von Rimscha 

fear record unemployment does 
not necessarily coincide with the 
rise of another Hitler. 

Richard Cohen wrote re- 
cently fear today's Germany 
does not offer the slightest non- 
democratic, threatening ele- 
ment. 4 ‘There is no story in Ger- 
many today,” he concluded. 

And feat is exactly where fee 
problem lies. If Germany is bor- 
ing, nothing but Kohl and more 
Kohl, the scale is wrong. No 
reincarnation of tbe ugly past, 
no story? But there is a story. 

Germany is attempting an 
ambitious overhaul of feree sys- 
tems at the core of her fabric: 
the tax. health care and pension/ 
social security systems. This 
has led rally occasionally to 
street unrest, that sine qua non 
of television coverage. 

America's main ally is un- 

dergoing fundamental change, 
and dial is a big story. It co- 
incides wife the demise of Mr. 
Kohl, historically already a 
lame duck with questionable 
chances of winning the fifth 
term- he seeks. . 

Mr. Kohl, fee champion jof 
stability, slowly and reluctantly 
will give way to his heir ap- 
parent, the Christian Democrat- 
ic Union's parliamentary leader 
Wolfgang Sch&ible, a champi- 
on of change. 

If only half of the inches de- 
voted to neo-Nazis were given 
to these issues, Americans 
would see the present, and per- 
haps stop rummaging for rem- 
nants of the pasL 

America wants a mature ally; 
it has one. Many of today’s Ger- 
mans, willing to share interna- 
tional burdens in a multidimen- 

sional world, grew up in 
Americanized West Germany. 
Hunting for Nazis belittles 
America's success in influen- 
cing their upbringing. 

the war generation, still vis- 
ible in American politics, all but 
left fee stage in Germany a good 
decade ago. Helmut Kohl was 
bom in 1930, but Germany is 
run by people in their late 50s.- 

The second most visible gen- 
eration is those in their mid to 
late 30s, like the Free Demo- 
crats’ Guido Westerwelle. 
Would any German reporter 
scrutinize George Stephano- 
poulos for a suspected willing- 
ness to reinstate slavery? 

For Germany’s elite, the 
Holocaust is certainly a part of 
feeir country's past. But it 
happened in a society of which 
nothing survived. 

In these post -Cold War years 
of confusion, America seems 

New Challenges for Veteran Partners 

W ASHINGTON — The ex- 
periences of thousands of 
Americans in Germany during 
and after tbe war became part of 
the fabric of fee German- Amer- 
ican dialogue. German leaders in 
large numbers were also given 
opportunities to visit and be- 
come acquainted wife the 
United States. And there was 
always the Beilin Wall to remind 
us of why we needed to stick 
together despite differences. 

Germans and Americans in- 
creased feeir exposure to each 
other in multidimensional 
ways. From educational ex- 
changes to foreign direct invest- 
ment. from expanding business 
relations to tourism, Germany 
and the United States built up an 
extensive web of contacts. 

Yet despite this cumulative 
exposure to each other, some 
Germans are concerned and 

By Jackson Janes 

frustrated by fee continuing im- 
ages of Nazi Germany circu- 
lating in the United Stares. 

If they were tbe dominant 
images of contemporary Ger- 
many there would be a reason to 
worry. But it is not feat simple. 

Those in fee United Stares 
who wish to be informed about 
current affairs in Germany can 
and do draw on a rich set of 
resources. American and Ger- 
man alike. In addition, those 
involved in the German-Amer- 
ican dialogue have been joined 
by ever more actors below the 
national level. 

American governors looking 
for investment opportunities are 
more frequent visitors to Ger- 
many these days than are mem- 
bers of Congress. 

Basic Common Ethics for All 

V IENNA — The concept 
of a global society is 
growing piece by piece into 
concrete reality, shaped by 
fee dizzying new possibilities 
of communication, transport, 
commerce, finance. But it is in 
many ways a mechanical, im- 
personal reality, market-driv- 
en, unleavened by human 
feelings and ideals. 

And it is patchy, transform- 
ing the lives of some and leav- 
ing many others outside in 
primeval misery and submis- 
sion. That is why a movement 
is growing to seek and artic- 
ulate some code of global eth- 
ics. some standards of con- 
science to illuminate and 
inspire this new and some- 
times frightening reality wife 
a humane dimension. 

The old reality* of division 
and difference remains enor- 
mously powerful, built on a 
vast diversity of religion, his- 
tory, culture and tradition, a 
reality linked also to geo- 
graphy and climate, which en- 
courages exclusiveness and 
often nourishes hostility. 

The effort then is to find the 
aspirations and obligations that 
people do have in common and 
to express them in a way they 
can recognize and accept. 

That was the ambition of a 
small group meeting here un- 
der fee auspices of the Inter- 
Action council, a unique club 
of former heads of govern- 
ment organized by feeir desire 
in retirement ro apply to public 
weal what wisdom they may 
have gained from power. 

Other groups are working 
in a similar direction, includ- 
ing Unesco. theologians, aca- 
demics. The hope is that by the 
50th anniversary of fee United 
Nations' proclamation of fee 
Universal Declaration of Hu- 
man Rights in 1948. it will be 
possible to agree on and pro- 

By Flora Lewis 

claim a Universal Declaration 
of Human Responsibilities. 

Of course, human rights 
continue to be violated on a 
massive scale, and nearly half 
a century later a number of 
countries, notably China, do 
noc even accept the idea chat 
how they treat their own cit- 
izens is a proper subject for 
international concern. But fee 
idea has made considerable 
headway and it offers a point 
of reference, a measure feat is 
increasingly and usefully in- 
voked around the world. 

There is a gnawing urge for 
a vision, a goal to accompany 
wife spirit and reverence fee 
material wonders that modem 
society can achieve. Idealism 
may reach beyond the pres- 
ently practical Its function is 
ro provide a guide. 

The method which the In- 
ter Action Council has chosen 
under its retiring chairman 
Helmut Schmidt, former Ger- 
man chancellor, is to bring to- 
gether people of different re- 
ligions. different parts of fee 
world, different backgrounds 
to distill fee fundamentals on 
which their moral sense is 
based. They start at odds on 
many questions, but for fee 
most part they come easily to 
consensus on essentials. 

This is the antidote to the 
grim forecast of **a clash of 
civilizations” feat could hap- 
pen but need not Heading it 
off will take conscious effort, 
fee point of the exercise. 

Resentment does exist in 
some pans of fee world against 
the notion of "rights” seen as 
fee imposition of Western cul- 
tural dominance based on 
Western military and econom- 
ic power, a latter-day coloni- 
alism. Rulers offer "Asian 

values” in opposition to 
“Western values.” The argu- 
ment reflects the stress of 
Judeo-Christian thought, espe- 
cially since the Enlightenment, 
on fee role of tbe individual in 
contrast wife an Eastern focus 
on fee co mmunity . 

An Islamic philosopher 
even objected to the term 
“universaL” There is not an 
equivalent word in Arabic, he 
said. Instead Islam evokes 
“unity,” which is not the 
same. Nonetheless, human 
brotherhood, the notion of a 
single human family to which 
all belong, provides an ac- 
knowledged link. 

Global ethics also is the an- 
swer to the debasing thesis of 
“moral relativism,” which 
holds that any one distinction 
between right and wrong is as 
valid as any other, and leads to 
a rejection of all standards. It 
denies morality in fee name of 

There is a noticeable, and 
frequently deplored, decline 
of standards in advanced in- 
dustrial societies, usually 
blamed on commercialism and 
blind adoration of the market’s 
“invisible hand,” despite its 
often dirty fingers. Standards 
do need an ethical boost, be- 
yond mere utilitarianism. 

Complementing the decla- 
ration of human rights wife 
proclaimed human responsi- 
bilities is a way of restoring 
the required balance between 
the needs of fee individual and 
the needs of community. Hu- 
mans are both lonely beings 
and social animals. 

over the economic, technii 
even pop culture world, cre- 
ates a certain vacuum at the 
same time. This move to 
define a basic common ethics 
can help to fill it 

O Flora Lews. 

Nongovernmental organiza- 
tions and interest groups, fun- 
ded by organizations like the 
German Marshall Fund of fee 
United States, seek out coun- 
terparts to share initiatives and 
work toward common goals, 
learning from each other's ex- 

Americans who desire to 
know about German affairs can 
inform themselves extensively. 

Some Germans see a decline 
in fee study of fee German lan- 
guage. the decrease in congres- 
sional visits and the drop in the 
American media presence in 
Germany as signs that interest 
in contemporary German soci- 
ety is decreasing.- They con- 
clude feat relations will suffer 
from a gradual drifting apart. 

Such assessments need to be 
taken seriously. Without the 
single-minded focus offee Cold 
War, German and American in- 
terests will be perhaps less co- 
hesive. This less rigid world 
will require a better understand- 
ing of me domestic roots of our 
respective policies and per- 
spectives, mat will include 
dealing with the past as well as 
wife the present 

We may not have fee Berlin 
Wall as a catalyst for our co- 
operation, but feat should give 
us an enormous amount of sat- 
isfaction as we move on to new 
challenges in Europe, Russia, 
and fee Middle East 

The bonds between Germans 
and Americans that developed 
out of the ashes of World War II 
and led to the unificati on of 
Germany have not Himimsiwt 
with the end of the Cold War. 

ready to embrace an older idea $ 
of Germany. Communism as 
ubiquitous evil is lost. The Nazi 
is replacing fee Communist as a 
frame of reference. 

This has a direct impact on 
politics. In fee State Depart 
ment’s February report on hu- 
man rights, Germany's dealings 
wife Scientology were elabor- 
ated upon — but not Denmark's 
or Greece's, which are harsher. 

No story, because the backdrop 
of fascism is missing. ! 

The security partnership re- 
mains, but it has insufficient po; 
tential for nurturing something 
worthy of being called a friend 1 ± 
ship. Rituals of affinning part- ^ 
nership and common values are 
not enough, when German na- 
tional interests are stated more 
openly and play out into foreign 
policy conflicts like those over 
Iran and Turkey. 

Washington’s foreign policy 
establishment lost the core of its 
agenda in 1989-1990, but re- 
mains largely in denial of this 
loss. Decreasing U.S. media 
presence in Europe and public 
disconnectedness further deep 1 
en the divide. 

But there is a link: coping wife 
vast problems feat are increas- 
ingly similar. Domestic need$ 
for adjustments dominate our 
societies — adjustments to eco- 
nomic rules not set any longer by 
national governments. 

Yes, we are talking about 
globalization. Whether Europe 
becomes Americanized is no 
longer relevant Both contin- 
ents are increasingly being 
pulled by forces beyond domes- 
tic control. So the agenda for 
future German-American rela- 
tions has shifted. Topping it 
now is fee question of how with .1 
nations handle change. 

A score of problems are sim- 
ilar, and are dealt wife by sim- 
ilar, open-society institutions: 
fee burden of longevity on fewer 
and fewer middle-aged people; a 
sense of national self in a world 
of migration; tbe question of val- 
ues in the face of diverse Weltan- 
schauungen and lifestyles; 
tolling bade state involvement; 
cutting fee budget; paying for the 
poor: paying for parties; mul- 
tilingualism and education. 

There is hardly a problem in 
America today feat is not 
mirrored in Germany. Despite 
their different histories, Amer- 
ica and Germany become more 
similar by fee day. They are not 
copying one another. They are 
answering tbe same challenges. • 

By only digging for old and » 
new Nazis, America misses the 
story. That means lost potential, 
because now more then ever 
there is a chance to learn from 
one another. 

The writer is executive di- 
rector of the American Institute 
for Contemporary German 
Studies at Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. He contributed this 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. 

The writer, Washington bu- 
reau chief for the Berlin daily 
^ a 8 es spiegel, is preparing 
a book on the future of German- 
American relations. He contrib- 
uted this comment to the In- 
ternational Herald Tribune. 


1897: Burial Safeguard 

PARIS — In France, there exists 
a system which would affoni a 
safeguard against "live burial." 
Two certificates of death are re- 
quired by the medical airprafon t 
and by the official verifier. In 
England 1 5,000 persons are un- 

covered feat "dry rot” got 
into the civil service and mat i* 
heroic treatment alone f * an ex- W 
fepate it. This would be fee 
creation of an "efficiency 
board whose business would 
be to keep a watch over afi the 
workings of fee civil-service 

fee North of Scotland this ap- ln ._ „ 

plies to 50 per cent of fee pop- UVU Liberties 

itianon. No one will demur to tontvim a 
fee assertion that in most of fee ,T A . BlH t0 .'P mxecl 

European Stares, certification of ktemes against the 

death is still inadenuatelv stead “y growing power of fee 
provided for, and while this is was “traduced in- 

fee case many criminal acts con- ? i °f Lords. Its prin- 

cinue to escape detection. 25“ clauses would prevent 

ine government from searching 

1922 - Ra*’ tvtv . homes without war- 

***** Worry rants, using economic diffi- 

PARIS — According to a con- SSf- S 35 ??. excuse for s«P~ 
siderable body of Opinion in ^^ P^bcations. imposing * 
Amenca, a determined on- employees and * 

slaught has been begun upon SSiu? 015 ’ 811(1 Would allow 
fee civil-service mem system t0 “S' 1 ® babe3S 

administration has dis^ *° arrested 

oy military courts. 

— ■! • 

-v • ••' 

r : ' ; 







The Christian Right’s 
Personality Problem 

By E. J. Dionne Jr. 


▼ V Reed first showed his stuff 
to a national audience the week 
before the 1992 Republican Con- 
vention in Houston. 

President George Bush’s lieu- 
tenants were crying to put together 
a party platform with broad appeal 
that could also mollify the party's 
•f right. It was going to be tricky no 
matter how skillfully done. And 
that was before the arrival on the 
scene of a young man with an 
angebc face, a fine gift for pub- 
licity and a gentle manner that hid 
a ferocious competitiveness!. 

Day after day, Mr. Reed would 
stand amid the tumult of the press 
section near the platform com- 
mittee deliberations, pointing to 
the latest victories rung up by re- 
ligious conservatives. By week's 
end, Mr. Reed had displaced Pres- 
ident Bush's spokesmen as the 
leading interpreter of the Repub- 
lican platform. It came to be seen 
as a Christian Right document 
The Bush campaign had a new 
problem, and the Christian Co- 
alition had arrived, 
t, Mr. Reed’s announcement on 
* Wednesday that he is stepping 
down as executive director of the 
Christian Coalition to start a polit- 
ical consulting firm is a milestone 
in American politics. Mr. Reed 
leaves having built a mighty 
force, but without having come 
close to the promised land. De- 
spite Mr. Reed's best efforts to put 
a moderate face on his movement, 
it continued to generate deep mis- 
trust in the electorate, ana reg- 
ularly found itself blamed when 
Republicans lost 

The Christian Coalition's poten- 
tial was underestimated at first, in 
port because the organization grew 
4 out of Pat Robertson's failed 1988 . 
presidential campaign. Even very 
conservative and very religious . 
Republicans had misgivings about 
electing a television evangelist as 
presidem, especially one given on 
occasion to propounding some 
pretty rickety conspiracy theories. 

But when Mr. Robertson hired 
Mr. Reed to organize the Christian 
Coalition, the young operative 
knew the Robertson campaign was. 
the beginning, not the end. Mr. 
Robertson's effort was for Chris- 
tian conservatives what the cam- 
paigns of Eugene McCarthy, 
Robert Kennedy and George 
McGovern had been for anti-war 
Democrats In the. late 1960s and 

early 1970s: a jumping-off point to 
gain experience, to organize at the 
grass roots and to take power in 
stare and local parties. 

The problem for Mr. Reed was 
that no matter how moderate be 
sounded, no matter how many 
precincts be organized and how 
many stare parties his forces took 
over, many Americans, including 
very conservative ones, become 
queasy whenever they see religion 
and politics hugging each other 
too tightly. Many of the tradi- 
tionalists Mr. Reed chose to speak 
for were also tolerant. They were 
tom over, rather than hostile to, 
the great social changes of the last 
three decades. 

- Mr. Reed understood this, and 
the limits his movement faced, 
better than jnst about any of its 
other leaders. So he embarked on 
an intricate balancing act that be- 
came his signature. At times, he 
suggested that Republicans might 
find, compromise language on the 
abortion issue, only to back off 
when he came under criticism for 
selling out die cause. 

When he announced his depar- 
ture, Mr. Reed proclaimed victory 
for inclusion. “We have ma- 
tured,” he said, “into a movement 
known not for its self -righteous- 
ness but for its repentance and spir- 
it of reconciliation.'' That may be 
what Mr. Reed wanted, but it is not 
how those who have tangled with 
the Christian Coalition see things. 

That is because the movement 
has two hnpulses. The first is the 

asked at his Wednesday news con- 
ference. could a tolerant society 
treat those 1 ‘whose political views 
were informed" by faith .“as 
second-class citizens?” Mr. Reed 
is right about this. His legacy is 
-that he expanded the ground for 
religious activism — which, para- 
doxically, led religious moderates 
and liberals to mobilize, too. 

But then there is the second im- 
pulse. A movement theoretically 
dedicated to inclusion so often 
seemed interested in exclusion. 

Especially in the bitter fights 
over feminism and homosexual- 
ity, the movement looked and 
sounded harsh, divisive and, yes, 
at times, intolerant If Mr. Reed, 
with all his skills, could not square 
this circle, it’s not dear who can. 

Washington Post Writers Croup. 

Fighting Human Nature Isn't the Army's Mission 

By Richard Cohen 

W ASHINGTON — My drill 
sergeant was a short fellow 
with a wild look in his eye. He 
had a fierce temper and no sense 
of proportion. 

When our barracks once 
flunked inspection, he called it 
the worst day he could recall in 
the whole history of the United 
States Army. " 

I wanted to say something 
about Little Bighorn but, to tell 


you the truth, 1 was afraid. The 
man was a beast. 

So it comes as no surprise to this 
one-time trainee that some of the 
female trainees at the Aberdeen 
Proving Ground said they had sex 
with their drill sergeant because 
they were afraid not to. This was 
the man. after all, who was more 
than just their supervisor. He was 
their lord and master, in almost 
total control of their lives. 

In basic training, you do what 
you are told 

It seems that part of life is spent 
learning and part is spent being 
told that what you learned is 
wrong. So having been through 
basic tr ainin g myself. I am nev- 
ertheless told that everything is 
now different — and my expe- 
rience, as a result, is worthless. 

Somehow, the beasts ' have 
been tamed They remain mar- 
velous trainers of troops, but they 
are now sensitive and warm- 
cuddly types who feel the pain of 
their troops rather than, as was 
the case in my day. inflicting it. 

What's more, all the old rules 
regarding men and women have 

been changed — revoked some- 
time around the start of the 1 990s. 
tt appears. Males and females can 
now be thrown together in their 
most sexually rambunctious 
years — 60 percent of the mil- 
itary is under the age of 30 — and 
almost everyone will behave be- 
cause. of course, they have been 
told to. 

Aberdeen either shows that the 
military is deceiving itself or that 
something was terribly wrong at 
this one base. The court-martial 
there has elicited testimony chat 
drill sergeants vied with one an- 
other to see who could have sex 
with the most recruits. Trysts 
were held both on and off the base 
— at private homes, at motels. 
Some of the sex allegedly was 
rape; all of it was against the 

Frankly, I haven’t the foggiest 
whether Aberdeen is your normal 
training facility or whether it is 
unlik e any other in the army. I do 
know, though, that the army has 
mixed together some awfully im- 
pressionable young women and 
some awfully tough men and 
tried, in the name of a wonderful 
ideal, to make things work. 

But have they? Some special- 
ists suggest they have not — and 
even the army chief of staff. Gen- 
eral Dennis J. Reiraer. said the 
army should reconsider the joint 
training of men and women. Oth- 
ers say that the army, and indeed 
all the services, should reconsider 
their commitment to steadily in- 
creasing the percentage of wom- 
en in die ranks. After all, men and 
women ought to be equal but they 
are not the same. Maybe upper- 

loo UT£ TO SEND 

That 63DND a 


body strength should not matter. 
Maybe. But it does. 

Whatever comes out of the Ab- 
erdeen mess ought not be pre- 
ordained by an ideological com- 
mitment to the status quo. It 
comes as no surprise, really, that 
the company commander of the 
troubled Aberdeen unit. Captain 
Scott E. Alexander, said he never 
knew anything was amiss. To 
complain or question current 
doctrine is. we were told in a 
recent New Republic article by 
Stephanie Gutmann. a career-en- 
der. In some ways, the military 
has become the most politically 
correct institution in the country. 
The question is whether that 

has affected its fighting ability. 

And fighting — war — is what 
the military is all abouL It is not 
the place where an ideology, un- 
proved no matter how worthy, 
should be imposed so that the rest 
of society will follow. The rest of 
society is not expected to engage 
in combat. The rest of society is a 
place where the natural aggres- 
sion of young men is a menace; in 
the army, it's essential to the job 
at hand: lolling. 

My old army had few women, 
none in any of my units. Years 
ago, journalism, too. had few 
women — an injustice produced 
by the wrongheaded conviction 
that women could nor be war cor- 


On Henry Cabot Lodge 

Regarding " Lott's Choice: It’s 
Henry Cabot Lodge or Arthur 
Vandenberg" (Opinion, April 21) 
by Stanley A. Weiss: 

’ While T applaud the author’s 
support for the Chemical 
Weapons Convention and the put- 
ting of teeth into existing bio- 
logical and nuclear agreements, 
tire notion that this comes down to 
a choice between a Henry Cabot 
Lodge school of thought and an 
Arthur Vandenberg. brand of Re- 

publicanism is completely faulty. 

From the time France and Bri- 
tain entered World War I in 1914 
to the U.S. entry in 1917, Henry 
Cabot Lodge was a steadfast sup- 
porter of U.S. military prepared- 
ness and of U.S. military support 
for its allies. Indeed, his entire 
career was founded on the im- 
portance of keeping U.S. sea lanes 
open and alliances honored. Sen- 
ator Lodge was hardly an iso- 
lationist. The condition he set for 
the League of Nations Covenant 
continues io remain ao interna- 

tionally accepted precedent for 
multinational arrangements; 
namely, that no nation has the 
right to call another into arms 
without the consent of its legis- 
lative body. That Woodrow 
Wilson chose to make an issue of 
what was clearly simple common 
sense was a decision with dis- 
astrous historical consequences. 

Today’s Republican Party 
needs the Henry Cabot Lodge 
brand of common sense. 




i ^ 

respondents or, less glamorously, 
work the police beat at night. 
Women have proved themselves 
in fields and in ways that most 
men once could not envision. It's 
been a glorious revolution. 

But the army, especially basic 
training, is unlike almost any- 
thing in civilian life. Aberdeen 
may amount to nothing more than 
a sordid anomaly, but it's also 
possible that the scandal is a 
warning to both the brass and the 
civilian leadership that they are 
attempting the impossible — a 
fight not against a few bad men. 
bur against a more formidable 
foe: human nature. 

The Washington Post. 

How Ironic 

I am often aware of ironic jux- 
tapositions of new stories. Con- 
sider two items in the April 15 
edition of the International Herald 

On page 3 was an item titled 
“Furor Over Absentee Voting,” 
which reported the dubious use of 
absentee ballots to elect a rightist 
candidate to a Texas county com- 
mission. in an area heavily pop- 
ulated by Mexican-Americans. 
On page 5 was a story titled 4 ‘U.S. 

Criticizes Voting Defects in Serb 

As an American who has lived 
abroad for two decades. I often 
reflect on how self-righteous 
Americans can be about perceived 
injustices in other parts of the 
world, when injustice is also an 
everyday occurrence within the 
50 states. 

Europeans often say that Amer- 
icans lack a sense of irony. Where 
is O. Henry when we need him? 


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enterivatioival herald tribune 
FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1997 

The Hong Kong That Was 

: A Visitor’s Guide 

By Edward A. Gargan 

New York Tunes Service 

H ONG KONG — While most 
of the glitzy soirees being 
planned for the handover are 
private affairs, there is still 
much for die visitor to see and do that 

opens doors to Hong Kong past and 
Hong Kong future. Crowded in among 

Hong Kong future. Crowded in among 
the mirror-slabbed office towers that 
are sprouting like stands of bamboo are 
small lanes and quiet byways through 
which the visitor can amble, reflecting 
on the Hong Kong that was even as the 
territory’s metamorphosis looms 

A two- to three-hour excursion, not 
particularly strenuous despite some 
steps, covers the highlights. It begins 
with the tram, a glorious double-decker 
throwback to the first years of the cen- 
tury that trundles along narrow-gauge 

tracks through cars, trucks and people, 
rr* rhe end of the line in Sheung Wan. 

to the end of the line in Sheung wan. 
Pay 1 .60 Hong Kong dollars (about 20 
cents) as you get off and walk across 
the tracks to the red brick Edwardian- 
style Western Market. 

With its louvered shutters and great 
stone arches, it began life as a food 
market, a role it played for S3 years 
until it was renovated in 1989 and 
converted into a small shopping center 
filled with stalls selling antique cam- 
eras, cloth merchants in tiny shops 
packed with bolts of silk, organza, vel- 
vet and cotton prints, tourist shops 
selling T-shirts and a kiosk with old 
photographs of Hong Kong. 

Leaving the market on the east side, 
walk south on Morrison Street. 

Across the street from the Western 
Market is the Starite Book Company, 
mostly a stationery store now, but on 
the tables along the sidewalk, piles of 
string-bound fortune-telling guides are 
for sale. For 14 dollars, you can buy a 
guide, called Tong Sing in Cantonese, 
which, while a jumble of obscure 
Chinese numerology and stargazing, is 
one of those garish items worth col- 

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The Past 
Is Now in 


Reflecting the Hong Kong that was. pilgrims gather in the courtyard of the Wong Tai Sin temple. 

crooked uuis Wander up Morrison 
Street and turn left on Bonham Strand, 
a crooked lane walled by shops d eal i n g 
in the exotic and plain. On your right, 
the first store sells handmade brooms, 
grass mats, low wooden stools used by 
old women huddling in circles to gos- 
sip and old men to smoke, and the huge, 
circular woven-grass peasant hats that 
rise to a peak for only 20 dollars. 

Along the street there are shops with 
immense sacks of a dozen varieties of 
dried mushrooms, dried orchid petals 
and bags of nuts. And farther on is Dai 
Fat Swallow's Nest Company, one of 
several such establishments selling the 
fragile and jarringly expensive swal- 
lows' nests used in special — very 
special — soups. A plastic box the size 
of a butter cookie tin will set you back 
17,500 dollars. 

Across the street, at the Lam lue 
Yuen Tea Company, bins of tea, from 
Pu-erh to plain green, are surrounded 
by shelves of tiny blue-clay teapots, 
considered best for steeping Chinese 
teas. Pots are priced from 30 dollars to 
350 dollars. . 

At Cleverly Street, turn right and 
about five doors up find Kau Kee Birds 
Shop, an open-air market of birds, del- 
icate red cages and bags of crickets. 
Everywhere in Hong Kong you will 
find people walking their birds, in ex- 
quisite cages, through parks and along 
lanes; at building sites, construction 
workers take their birds and hang the 
cages on nearby trees or scaffolding. 

A few doors up from the bird store is 
Tai Hing, a small craft shop where a 
carpenter makes the red lacquer and 
gold-tinted devotional cabinets that 

Saying Good-bye 
To Colonial Era 

Hong Kong is famous for its skyline, but also for its bird market (below). 

downhill and often there are tiny 
temples tucked away in shaded 
comers, wisps of incense betraying 
their presence. Work your way along 
the street, turning with it left and then 
right, past the coffin makers, and wind 
up at the Man Mo Temple, containing 
two separate but abutting halls of stone 

with deep red beams and soaring roof 
peaks. On the comer is one of Hong 
Kong’s oldest mailboxes, a red, round 

many people keep in their homes as 
shrines to one god or another. 

A few more doors down is Hop Lee, 
a storefront selling bundles of incense, 
or joss sticks, and stacks of paper 
money — the brand name here is Hell 
Bank Note — in 50 million dollar 
denominations, papier-rn&ch6 cars and 
telephones and television sets and 
cardboard stacks of gold bullion, all of 
which is burned on funerary occasions 
to send the departed into the next world 
with ail the basics and some pocket 

W ALKING up Cleverly, a- 
cross Queen’s Road Cen- 
tral, you will come to the 
steps of Ladder Street, which lead up to 
Upper Lascar Row and the Cat Street 
antique market. 

Here, along a narrow lane hemmed 
in by tables and kiosks of antique and 
knickknack dealers, can be fou nd mu ch 
of die detritus of Chinese culture — 
bad ceramic vases, imitation Tang dy- 
nasty horses and clunky bronze 

Buddhas — along with the occasional 
treasure: a fine Yixing teapot or nice 

ivory mah-jongg set Here you can find 
a white porcelain history of Commun- 
ism: busts of Marx and Engels. Lenin, 
Stalin and Mao. 

Turn left at the end of Lascar Row 

and walk up a small flight of steps, 
across Hollywood Road and up Sai 
Street to Tai Ping Shan Street. On the 

right, in what amounts to a cul-de-sac, 
is a small temple to the god Kwan Yin. 
Often there is a huddle of ancient 
neighborhood women sitting in front of 
the temple discussing their families 
and their neighbors. A tabby cat with a 
crooked tail hangs around as well. 

Make a U-tum and head east on Tej 
P ing Shan, down a typically old-style 
Hong Kong street, a jumble of low-nse 
apartments over storefronts, all the 
apartments with garden boxes and 
clothing drying from bamboo poles 
slung over the street As you walk, on 
the downhill side small lanes squirt 

U w *^*“'* ’ 

cylinder stamped with the seal of King 
Edward VII. 

The Man Mo Temple, dedicated to 
the gods of literature, Man, and war. 
Mo, is believed to date from 1842. Its 
large temple bell was cast in bronze in 
Guangzhou in 1847, while several teak 
sedan chairs inside glass cases date 
from the mid- 19th cen- 
tury. The air of the 
temple swirls thickly 
with incense as neigh- 
borhood people and 
visitors perform pray- 
ers in the temple. 

Beyond the heart of 
Hong Kong, there are 
still the remnants of co- 
lonial rule, the remain- 
ing edifices of more 
than 150 years of Brit- 
ish suzerainty. In the 
Central district, amid 
the clumsy and elegant 
office towers, huddles 
the Legislative Counc il 
building, a granite structure with an 
Ionic colonnade that was opened in 
1912 as the Supreme Court Building. 
One of the few old buildings to survive 
the wrecker’s ball, it now houses Hong 
Kong's elected legislature, a body that 
will be ousted on July 1 and replaced by 
a legislature appointed by Beijing. 

Up the hill, in the lower reaches of 
Hong Kone Park, is the territory s old- 
est surviving colonial-era structure. 
Flagstaff House. 

A graceful two-story house surroun- 
ded by thin columns and a second-floor 
verandah, the house is now the Mu- 
seum of Tea Ware. 

Currently under renovation mm 
June 23, the house was occupied in 
1846 by Major General George 
Charles D'Aguilar. who was the com- 
mander of Britain’s land force s m 
China. In those days, the house offered 
a breathtaking view of Hong Kong s 
harbor and the mountains of Kowloon; 
now, the towers of international com- 
merce hem the white house in 
sides, its view but a sliver of a harbor 

governor, Chris Patten. By the time it 
was completed in 1855, Hong Kong 
was on its fourth governor. Set amid 
spendid formal gardens, the house is a 
sober, neoclassical example of colonial 
architecture, modified during World 
War II by the Japanese, who added a 
central tower hinting at Japanese ar- 
chitectural style. Patten will leave this 
house on June 30, but his successor, the 
shipping magnate Tung Chee-hwa, has 
decided not to move in, claiming that 
the house is possessed of inauspicious 
feng-shui, the traditional Chinese be- 
lief in harmonizing the placement of 
manmade structures in nature. 

But as much as Hong Kong remains 
redolent of British colonialism — 
many of the territoiy’s streets are 
named after governors, 
prime ministers, har- 
bormasters, assorted 
British royals and even 

New York Times Service 

H ONG KONG — NoSl Cow- 
ard. a man who used his pen 
to stir wit and worldliness, 
sideswjped the British in his 
song “Mad Dogs and Englishmen,” 
and managed a nod eastward: 

In Hong Kong 

They srrike a gong 

And fire off a noonday gun . . . 

On the waterfront in Causeway Bay, 
a three-pounder booms at noon to this 
day, a tradition that may or may not 
hark back to 1 841, the year Britain took 
possession of Hong Kong. What seems 
more certain is that Jardine Matheson, 
the company that rose to fortune filling 
the opium pipes of southern China, 
financed the gun’s firing. 

The gun that roars at noon these days 
was mounted on the Southampton during 
World- War I and the Cardin in World 
War II before being fixed by the flagstaff 
overlooking the bobbing sloops of the 
Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club. Now, 
with the immine nt return of Hong Kang 
to Chinese sovereignty, the firing of the 
Jaidine’s gun is but one of the colonial 
traditions that is coming to an end. 

At this historic cusp between the 
expiration of the last great British co- 
lonial presence and the start of a new 
era here, this may be the final moment 
to examine the contrast between old 
Hong Kong, the temtory that Britain 
found and built, and new Hong Kong, 
the place that China is beginning to 
remold, to stamp indelibly with an 
identity of its own. 

Throughout June, a series of orches- 
tral and dance performances will be 
held, including a performance by the 
Academy of SL Martm-in-the-Fields at 

the Hong Kong Cultural Center on June 

10 and II, two concerts by the Hong 
Kong Chinese Orchestra at Queen 
fr li-yahpfh Stadium on June 21 and 22, 
and a percussion concert at the City 
Hall Conceit Hail on June 29 with the 
Ensemble Bash from England and the 

Hong Kong Percussion Group as well 

as percussionists from China: ' '. 

The Chung Ylng Theater Group, 
Hong Kong’s only full-rime profes- 
sional theater company, wifi stage a 
new play in Cantonese chronicli ng the 
territory’s changes through theexpe* 
rieoce of a young girl; the performanc- 
es will be at theSha Tin Town Hall on 
June 21 and 22 and the Tsuen Wan 
Town Hall on June 28 and 29. 

■HIPTIND DECOR In the days sur- 
rounding die handover, which will oc- 
cur at precisely midnight on June 30, 
one of the splashiest celebrations will 
be at the Regent Hotel in Kowloon. On 
June 30, the hotel will be completely 
decorated in colonial style as, in the 
words of a public relations person, ‘ ‘a 
tribute to the British colonial empire.” 

There will be a countdown party, and at 

the stroke of midnight, the theme of the 
hotel will shift to Chinese decor, with a 
ballroom done up to evoke die For- 
bidden City in Beijing. 

Officially, the farewell ceremony for 
the British begins at about 6 PAL on 

Crescendo op Celebrations 

a ship — die future lies 
northward. toward 
China and Beijing. 
Already, of course, 
there are dramatic ex- 
amples of China’s 

Perhaps none is 
more startling than the 
origami-like LM. Pei 
tower of the Bank of 
China. a mirror- 
walled. knife-edged 
building slicing sky- 
ward from Hong Kong s Central Busi- 
ness District And perhaps no building 
in Hong Kong provokes more heated 
opinion, with students of architecture 
often rapturous and Hong Kongers 
usually fiercely hostile, an altitude that 
stems not from any distaste for Pei, but 
a firmly held view that the building 
reeks of bad feng-shui: its sharp angles 
are seen as daggers and the two an- 
tennas at the top are reminiscent of 
chopsticks shoved into a bowl office, a 
distinctly ominous sign. Indeed, many 
offices in sight of the building are hung 
with small convex feng-shui mirrors 
intended to ward off the bank's bad 

Maiking this transition, of course, is 
a crescendo of celebrations: parades 
and concerts, memorials and fire- 
works. cockmil parties and sporting 
events. If you are an intimate of the 
outgoing British governor, Chns Pat- 
ten, or of the incoming chief executive, 
Tung Chee-hwa, you can be sure of 
invitations to black-tie events with 
Hong Kong's baut raonde. If not, there 
is still a bouquet of activity for hoi 
polloi. visitors and residents. 

On April 27, the expressway and 
new suspension bridges linking the 
Kowloon peninsula to Lantau Island 
will open with a parade of marching 
bands and floats and an evening of 
fireworks. The highway and bridges are 
part of the $21 billion project to open a 
new airport, due next year, to replace 
the spit of concrete in the middle of the 
city where Boeing 747s now make ter- 

•C." j: Inn/UnlW (TnMav 

June 30, when the governor leaves 
Government House for the last time 
and travels to the East Tamar site at the 
harbor, where government officials 
and 10,000 guests will gather. 

Later in the evening, a banquet for 
4,000 will be held at the new, as yet 
unfinished Hong Kong Convention 
and Exhibition Center, a feast of West- 
ern food that is posing one of Hong 
Kong’s most formidable gastronomic 
logistical problems. 

Toward midnigh t, with Prince 
Chides representing .the British and 
China's President Jiang Zemin leading 
his country’s senior officials, the Un- 
ion Jack will be lowered for the last 
time and the crimson, five-starred 
Chinese flag raised over Hong Kong. 
Then, Prince Charles and the governor 
and his family will board fee royal 
yacht Britannia and sail out of Victoria 
Harbour and into history. 

Unfinished Center 

4, just as the humidity and heat of the 
subtropics heaves itself onto the city, 
the Tsing Yi-Lantau Marathon will be 
held; a waflrathon over the same 
bridges organized by the Community 
Chest will be held a week later. 

In June, two events will mark the 
massac re of students and other Beijing 
residents on Tiananmen Square by the 
Chine se Army in June 1989. On June 1, 
a protest march will move through cen- 
tral Hong Kong, winding toward the 
dour headquarters of the New China 
News Agency, currently China’s dip- 

■ .» *Ln lri 

A T midnight, presumably when 
fee royal yacht is out of range, 
one of the most spectacular 

fast vanishing under developers land- 
fill. The new K.S. Lo Gallery has been 

recently opened exhibiting a collection 

of ceramics and Chinese seals. ’ 

Farther uphill, on Upper Albert 
Road, is the home of Britain s last 

Along the seafront, the new Hong 
Kong is rising as well. In Wan Chai, 
jutting into the harbor by the Grand 
Hyatt Hotel, is a convention and ex- 
hibition center designed by Skidmore, 
Owing s & Merrill, a glass-walled 
building covered with an undulating, 
overlapping roof intended to emulate 
fee wings of a gull. The center, still 
unfinished, is scheduled to be fee set- 
ting for the handover ceremony. There, 
on July I. China will formally assert its 
sovereignty over Hong Kong. 

lomatic presence in die territory, in 
Happy Valley. And on June 4, the an- 
niversary of fee massacre, a candlelight 
vigil will be held in Victoria Park. 

From June 8 to 20, at Hong Kong 
stadium, the Handover Cup soccer 
tournament will be held. And on June 
19, the final firing of Jardine’s noonday 
gun will occur. A carnival marking the 
handover will be held in Hong Kong 
Stadium on June 22, and fee mass of 
decorative lights adorning the city’s 
office towers for fee handover will be 
illuminated on June 28. 

of the most spectacular 
fireworks displays ever organized will 
shower the harbor in a blizzard of lights 
and sound Then, for two days, both 
declared holidays, a series of conceits, 
festivals and sporting events, all of 
which are still being firmed up, will be 
held across fee temtory. 

Still, Hong Kong during fee hand- 
over promises to be fee site of some of 
fee most spectacular parties in mem- 
ory. wife the globe’s jet set. business 
elite and government leaders already 
booked Virtually every hotel room in 
and around the city center has long 
been reserved, and flights into fee ter- 
ritory are almost impossible to find 

Travelers are grabbing seats on planes 
flying to fee Portuguese temtory of Ma- 
cau, a jetfoil ride away, or to Guangzhou 
in China, a three-hour train hip. 

By now, a visitor to Hong Kong who 
has failed to reserve a hotel and book a 
flight wife fee meticulousness of a 
clockmaker must embrace serendipity. 
Much is happening and history is being 
marked; it is a good time to be here. 

fruity red wine of fee Beanjolais- 


doesn’t ignore the light side either: Try. 
the ethereal saute of fresh frog’s legs 

(alas from Eastern Europe, not the, 
Dombes nearby) served wife a feathery 
mixed salad, or a delicate ragout of 
shelled fresh crayfish showered with 
herbs. ‘ 

Chagny has courted her merchants:' 
“I have this fabulous butcher," you can 
hear her confide, as she coaxes a diner to 
go for fee tender nuggets of lamb chop- 
cooked on the bone, perfumed with gar-’ 
lie. The cheesemaker Louis Chevenet 
comes regularly to sample ber solid 
country fare, as do fee mayor, fee locaf 
winemaker and ofeer diners in search of 
a French auberge from days gone by. ‘ « 
Auberge du Cep. Place de TEglisel 

69820 Fleurie- en-B eaujoUds : tel: 04A 
74-04-10-77; fax: 04-74-04-10-281 . 
Closed Sunday evening and Monday) i- 

C ’ 

Edward A. Gargan 

and from beginning of December to] 
mid-January. Credit cards: American 1 . 
Express, Visa, Eurocard, MasterCard.) 
Menus from 200 to 350 francs ($35 «£.( 
$60). A la carte , 300 to 450 francs. 

'• ; • v 

»: 1 . 

>“ lx- 1 

r ' : A ’*- j 

h 1 


RAGE 11 


alty Programs: Points or Perks? 


By Roger CoIIis 

International Herald Tribune 





J J0 

ERKS or points? Do you want 
recognition or free stays? That 
is the question that travelers 
are asking when they sign up 
IT ™, freq»ieni guest program 
fFGP). Many road warriors prefer add- 
ed-value benefits such as room up- 
grades, daily newspapers, evening 
cocktails and other frills — especially 
recognition as an “honored guest’ ' by 
getting to shake hands with me deputy 
♦^front-office manager — - over points 
they may never cash in for free stays, or 
airline miles they don* — 

guest programs, like 

levels of membership whereby you pro- 
gressively pile up perks and privileges 
the more times you stay — or the more 
money you spend. 

’ The next question is: What do you I 
need most, hotel points or airline miles? 
At most hotels you can't have both: you 
have to choose between points or miles 
at check-in. Notable exceptions are 
Hilton and Westin which allow 
‘‘double-dipping” whereby you earn 
both. FGP points are obviously a smart 
choice if you're saving for a free night or 
a weekend at a resort, because it’s easi- 
er. cheaper and faster to get a fra; stay 
throu gh a hotel program than through an 
FFP. Airline miles are the way to go if 
l* you fly more than you stay - — e specially 
r long-haul. Many airline FFPs do not 
offer hotel awards. 

Travel Strategy " 

Your strategy may depend on your 
travel patterns. Will most of your stays 
be in the same city or with the same 
hotel chain? Will you be staying one or 
two nights or five nights or longer? Do 
you just want a bed for the night or to use 
the hotel to entertain or as an office 
Jrway from home? How much will you 
be spending on hotel services? 

- Hotel programs work especially well 

for people who make a lot of short trips 
— an hour or so each way — and spend 
a major pan of their lives in hotels. You 
can pat up with sardine class on the red- 
eye if you can enjoy the perks when you 
arrive. It pays to focus on earning 
awards, especially elite stares, in one or 
two programs. Some factors to consider. 
Does the hotel have participating prop- 
erties in the places where you travel 
most or where you’d most like to redeem 
for free stays? Do both points and miles 
count towards elite stares? Can you 
earn, redetun or exchange points/miles 
with program partners? Will all your 

easily can you get room upgrades? How 
important is a free breakfast or access to 
the executive floors? 

Here’s bow some major frequent 
guest programs measure up: 

• Hyatt Gold Passport: 175 partic- 
ipating hotels worldwide; nine partner 
airlines. You must choose between 
miles or points at check-in. Both count 
towards elite level. A $100 room rate 
earns you a basic 500 points or 500 
miles, phis a 500-mile bon us i f you 
belong to a partner airline's FFP. You 
earn extra points on most services 
charged to your room — five points for 
each $1 spent. And you can convert 
points for airline miles. 

Gold: 5 points for each $i spent; 
newspaper; coffee/tea; use of fitness 
center, $250 check-cashing privilege. 
Platinum (10 stays or 20 nights a 

(50 nights a year) offers 10 percent 
bonus on points or miles accrued. 

• Marriott Honored Guest Awards: 
290 hotels; 10 partner airlines. You 
must choose miles or points at check-in. 
Ten points for every $1 spent — five 
percent bonus far flying a partner air- 
line; 20 percent bonus for Hertz rental in 
connection with your stay. 

Club Marquis Gold (15 nights): 10 
percent bonus points: $200 check-cash- 
ing facility; room upgrade; spouse stays 

• Sheraton Club International: 420 
hotels; 16 partner airlines. Two Club- 

With a minimum of 
may be exchanged for 
usually one-for-one. 

Gold (four stays or can be purchased 
for $50 first year, $25 annual renewal): 
50 percent bonus per dollar spent; room 
upgrades: late check-out; use of health 

• Inter-Continental Six Continents 
Club: 26 partner airlines. Fee: $100, S25 
annual renewal. 

Basic: priority reservations; room up- 

room. Members-only toll-free reserva- 
tion liDe; separate member check-in; 
late check-our, spouse stays free: pri- 
ority reservations. 

Silver VIP (four stays a year): 15 
percent bonus on base points: reward 
certificate for 10.000 pointson any 
HHonors award for 100,000 or more 
points: free health club use; VIP re- 

• Westin Premier 75 participating 
hotels; nine partner airlines. 

Standard: 1,000 points a night and 
500 miles per stay: use of health club; 
separate reservation and check-in/ 
check-out services. 

Burgundy (5 stays/15 nights a year): 
one extra point for every S 1 spenu room 
upgrades when available; priority re- 

Gold (10 stays/30 nights): two extra 
points for evejy SI spent; guaranteed 
room at 4S-hours notice: special offers 
from travel partners. 

grades; newspaper, spouse stays fra;; 
. S250 


late check-out; $250 check-cashing 

Executive Card (30 nights a year): 
upgrade to executive room or’ suite 
when available; 8 AM. check in; use of 
health club. 

• Hilton HHonors Worldwide: 400 
participating hotels — including Con- 
rad and Vista properties; 22 partner air- 
lines.Double-aipping allows you to earn 
both airline miles and hotel points dur- 

year): 15 percent bonus points plus Re- mg the same stay. You can also ex- 
Club Upgrade Certificate after change 


every fifth stay. 

• Holiday Inn Priority Club: 2,200 
hotels worlwide; 20 partner airlines. 
You must choose miles or points. One 
t or mile per $1 spent. Basic mem- 
ip offers express cbeck-in/check- 
out; room upgrade when available; 
morning coffee/tea; newspaper: check- 
cashing privileges: 20 percent discount 
on some business services. Priority Plus 

hotel points for miles and vice 
versa — a device which allows you to 
circumvent airline expiration dares. 
(HHonors points do not expire as long 
as you stay at least once every 12 
months.) You also earn 250 bonus 
points when you use an HHonors’ part- 
ner for air travel or car rental during 
your stay. 

Basic: 500 points per stay plus 10 
points for every $1 charged to your 

Y ^OU can enhance the value of 
FGPs by signing up with a card 
program such as American Ex- 
press Membership Rewards which en- 
ables you to earn airline miles or hotel 
points whenever you pay with the card 
along with Amex points — a kind of 
double -dipping. You can transfer Amex 
points — which do not expire — to a 
partner program at any time. 

Alfredo Benedicto. head of loyalty 
and rewards. Europe, for American Ex- 
press, says: “The big hotel chains are in 
the points game: smaller or independent 
hotels approach loyalty in a more tac- 
tical way in terms of added value for 
frequent guests. 

“Our research has shown thai when 
travelers get a free night, they spend in 
that hotel 120 percent more than the 
value of the voucher in, say. the bar or 
restaurant ... all incremental revenue 
for the hotels, at better margins.'’ 
Rip-off stuff like mini-bars, laundry 
and phone and fax charges'? 

“Your words, not mine.” 




Some museums may be 
closed on May 1. We recom- 
mend you call before going. 

H a ustrTa 


MAX - Austrian Museum of Ap- 
plied Arts, lei: (1) 711-36. closed 
Mondays. To May 25: “Japan 
Today: Ait, Photography, Design." 
Works by 15 Japanese artists who 
have explored the dualism of tra- 
dition and modernism and have left 
their mark on Japanese art since 
the 1980s. 



Musee d'Art Ancten, tel: (2) SOS- 
3211. closed Mondays. Continu- 
ing/ To July 27: Paul DBfvaux. 
1897-1994." Paintings and works 
on paper by the Belgian painter. 



The Royal Photographic Soci- 
ety, tel: (225) 46-28-41 , open daily. 
To June 1; "Peier Lavery: Circus 
■,Work." 100 black-and-white pho- 
nographs that chronicle the dying 
art of the traveling circus and 
evoke the contrasting fantasy of 
the circus ring with the reality of 
backstage life. 


Barbican Art Gallery, tel: (171) 
638-8891, open daily. To May 26: 
"Modem Art In Britain, 1910- 
1914." Reveals the range of mod- 
em art introduced to Britain before 
World War I. More than 150 works 
by Cezanne, Gauguin, van Gogh, 
Matisse and Picasso, and by Brit- 
ish artists inspired by Post-Impres- 
sionism. such as Vanessa Beil and 
Duncan Grant, both members of 
the Bloombsbury Group; David 
Bomberg and his large geomet- 
ncal competitions: Roger Fry, and 
portraitist Augustus John. 


Frankfurt Kunstveretai, tel: (069) 
285-330, dosed Mondays. To May 
4: “Alfred Hrdficka: Skufpturgn, 
Zekfrnungen, Druck graph He" To- 
gether with the gallery in Karme- 
Oterid aster, the Kuristverein is 
showing a retrospective of the 
works of the Austrian artist (bom 
1928). Sculptures, drawings and 
prints reflect Hidfcfca’s dominant 
themes of death, violence, sexu- 
ality, revolution and fascism. 
Schim KunsthaJta, tel: (69) 299- 
8820. dosed Mondays. To June 
29: "Zoran Music: RetrospektfVB.” 
As aprisoner at Dachau, the Italian 
painter (bom 1909) sketched the 
bodies of the dead at the risk of his 
own fife.Laier. in his Venice studio. 
Mutic~ ‘painted Dalmatian 'pink 
ranges of hUis, colorful horses and 
blooming oleander bushes. In his 
latest cycle, these hHls agate be- 
come heaps of bodies. The ex- 
hibition features 130 drawings and 
ofl paintings. 

broideries, calligraphy, printed 
books, paintings, drawings and 
furniture by the Victorian designer 



Palazzo Grasps!, tel: (41) 522- 
1375, open daily. Continuing/ To 
July 13: "Arte del *900: La Pittura 
Hamminga e Otandese.” A selec- 
tion of works by 20th-century Bel- 
gian and Dutch painters, including 
van Gogh, Ensor, Magritte, 
Delvaux and Mondrian. 



National Museum of Modem Art, 
tot (75) 781-4111, dosed 

Mondays. To May 11: “William 
Mortis." Designs for waflpapers, 
ceramic tiles, stained glass, 
tapestries, carpels as well as em- 

Muw I L Caiilu 

Prtntempa dee Arts, tat (377)92- 
16-22-99. To May 5: Features re- 
citals by Leila Cuberfi (April 26), 
Montserrat Caballe Way 2) and 
Murray Perahia (May 3). Guest 
conductors include Lorn Maazel 
and William Christie (in a program 
of madrigals composed by Sigts- 
mondo rflndia and Monteverdi). 
Mozart's Requiem and Coronation 
Mass are performed by the choir 
and orchestra of the Salzburg Ca- 
thedral under Janos Czffra. 


Kunstmueeum, tel: (052) 287- 
5162, dosed Mondays and May 1 . 
To June 15: “Vija Ceimtes: Werke 
1964-1996." More than 20 paint- 
ings and 35 large works on paper 
by the Latvian artist (bom 1938). 
Ceimins started depicting every- 
day objects such as TVs or lamps 
in sombre greys but soon started to 
foots on seascapes, night skies 
and desert floors that draw atten- 
tion to the surface of her canvas. 



The Menfl Collection, tel: (713) 
525-9400, dosed Mondays and 
Tuesdays. To Aug. 31: "Georges 
Braque: The Late Works." High- 
lights from the last 25 years of 
Georges Braque (1882-1963) with 
approximately 50 paintings from 
the 1940s through the early 1960s. 

indiKflng examples from the 
artist's major series: the Billiard, 
Studio, and Bird paintings. 

New Haven 

Yale Center for British Art tel: 
(203) 432-2800, dosed Mondays. 
To July 8: “The Human Form Di- 
vine: William Blake from the Paul 
Matton Collection. "Tempera paint- 
ings. watercolors and prints by 
William Blake (1 757-1827) that re- 
flect the visionary and lyrical ima- 
gination of the Romantic artist. 

New York 

Metropolitan Museum of Art, let 
(212) 570-3791. dosed Mondays. 
Continuing/ To Aug. 3: “Cartier 
. 1900-1939." Traces the evolution 
of styles since the creation of the 
Maison Cartier to 1847. 


National Gallery of Art tel: (202) 
737-4215. open daily. Continuing/ 
To May 11 : The Victorians: British 
Painting In tee Reign of Queen Vic- 
toria, 1837-1901." Paintings by 
Turner, Whistler, Sargent. Burne- 
Jones and other Victorian artists. 
Also, to July 27: “Picasso: The 
Early Years, 1892-1906." More 
than 1 50 paintings, drawings, pas- 
tels, prints and sculptures created 
between the age of 11 and 25. 


April 27: “Cal Guo Oiang." Louisi- 
ana Museum of Modem Art 
Humlebaek, Denmark. 

Age of Tiepolo Metropolhar 
8eum of Art New York. 

April 29: "Willem De Kooning 
Late Paintings. The 1980s.’ 1 
ssum of Modem Art New York. 

Tommy Davidson, left, and Jamie Foxx in "Boory Call. " 

Booty Call 

Direc/ed by Jeff Pollack. US. 

“Booty' Call.” Hollywood's first con- 
dom comedy, may ‘also be the first 
movie whose main characters pracric- 
allv mummify themselves in plastic 
wrap. Bunz (Jamie Foxx). a streetwise 
young Lothario, and his best friend. 

Rushon (Tommy Davidson), have been 
ordered by their dates. Lysterine 
iVivica A. Fox) and Nikki (Tamala 
Jones ) to use plastic wrap if they expect 
to perform oral sex. Bunz is so easier 
that he promptly swathes his head \vith 
the stuff and almost smothers. This con- 
temporary sex farce, directed by Jeff 
Pollack, has the attention span of a 
hyperactive child, but its bawdy sexual 
humor rarely flags. Custom-made for 
Foxx. the movie even finds a way for 
the popular television star to do his 
parodies of famous people. Hearing 
celebrity impressions just happens to be 
Lysterine 's favorite precoital fetish. 

Bunz dutifully makes love to her as 
Jesse Jackson, Michael Jackson and 
then the Reverend Martin Luther King 
Jr. delivering steamy carnal variations 
on his “l have a dream" speech. Lys- 
terine is a bundle of contradictions. A 
snooty investment banker who is re- 
luctant to date Bunz because he's “a 
hood rat." she also lectures Nikki that 
men are good for only one thing, and 
she doesn't mean picking up the 
check. (Stephen Holden. N) T) 

Brut- MicauLn 

Frankish ornament . in Paris. 


Directed by Kenki Saigusa. Japan. 

A nobleman and his wife are waylaid by 
a bandit who rapes her and. maybe, kills 
him. Bur their testimonies do not agree. 
Remember that film? Yes. “Rash- 
oraon," and now 45 years later comes 
this childish remake. Gone the taui per- 
formances. gone the wonderful control of 
a director who turned melodrama into 
metaphy sics, gone the questioning not of 
truth but of reality itself. In its place are 
histrionics, full color and lots of special 
effects. The work of TV folk (both di- 
rector and writer are making their first 
large-screen effort), it could be a chil- 
dren's film except for the nudity and the 
bad language. Characterization is min- 

imal, thought is discouraged, and action 
is all. Poor Kurosawa — lhai be lived to 
see this. I Donald Richie. IHT J 

Paradise Road 

Directed by Bruce Beresford. U.S. 
■'Paradise Road" is really •’Paradise 
Lost" for a group of Australian. Dutch 
and English socialites who are captured 
while fleeing the Japanese invasion of 
Singapore during World War n. The 
ladies quite literally go from a glittering 
military ball at the" Raffles Hotel to the 
squalid POW camp thai readies them for 
a higher spiritual plane, or so we are 
asked to believe. Winter-director Bruce 
Beresford. whose films include "Driv- 
ing Miss Daisy." probably views this 
earnest film as an inspirational portrait in 
female courage. It's hard, however, not 
to see its battered POWs as victims of 
male aggression and the film as a porno 
movie for wife beaters. The women are. 
after all. starved, beaten, tortured, pros- 
tituted and. in some cases, murdered. If 
this were the 1950s. much of the bru- 
tality would take place off camera, but 
we have come a long way. baby. The 
abuse is graphically depicted in glorious 
black-and-blue and tiny, glowing Glenn 
Close (as a British planter's wife) is 
expected to take a licking like a man. She 
gives as good as she gets, but is sen- 
tenced to death for daring to slug a 
superior human being. Unlike movies 
about male POWs. "Paradise" has no 
escape plan driving its plot. The women 
give up that idea because there are 
snakes in the jungle. Instead they form a 
“vocal orchestra" against the enemy's 
explicit orders. Close, beaming ’ if 
bruised, is joined by an illustrious cast 
that includes Pauline Collins as the wry 
Australian missionary who arranged the 
music from memory: Frances Mc- 
Dormand as a cynical German doctor 
whom the other women mistrust: new- 
comer Cate Blanchen as a radiani Aus- 
tralian nurse, and Julianna Margulies as 
the smart-alecky American. It's too bad 
that ihe film doesn't zero in on the stoiy 
of one or two women. As it is. we are left 
with a confused performance of Mr. 
Holland's Opus at the Bridge on the 
River Kwai. r Rita Kempley. WP J 


ityusee du Louvre, tet 01-40-20- 
51-51. dosed Tuesdays. To July 
2i: “La Pol it esse du Gout" From 
ihe collection of Arrtoin e-Joseph 
Dezallier d'ArgenviOe, an 16th- 
century French collector, a selec- 
tion ot 50 works on paper. The 
exhibits range from 15th-century 
Italian drawings to works by 
French and German artists, includ- 
ing Durer. 

Musee de Montmartre, tel: 01-46- 
06-61-11. dosed Mondays. Tb 
SepL 28: "De Pont-Aven a Mont- 
martre." More than 50 works from 
foe Poni-Aven painters, a group of 
artists who worked in Brittany at 
the end of the 19th century with 
Gauguin as their inspiration. Also 
Includes paintings by Nabi painters 
Maurice Denis, Paul Seruster and 
Fehx Vaiiot ton. 

Petit Palais, tel: 01-42-65-12-73, 
closed Mondays and May 1. To 
^tuno22: “Les Francs: Ptecurseurs 
de f Europe." The migrating Ger- 
manic tribes called the Franks firs! 
united in a kingdom under Clovis 
and the catholic banner in the 5th 
century to be partitioned after 
Charlemagne in the 9to century 
into what would become France 
and Germany. More than 1,000 
Qiass items, jewelry, manuscripts, 
weapons and funerary pieces doc- 
ument the origins of toe Franks, 
their conflicts with the Roman Em- 
pire in toe 3d century, the emer- 
gence ol me kingdom, their daily 
We and religion. 

© E RM AM Y 

jute*"* Natfonaigatorie, tet (30) 
31 g-00132. dosed Sundays. Con- 
Jmring/To Mey ii: 

zei 1815-1905: Das Labyrinth oer 

Wirklichkeri." More than 120 paint- 
ings. drawings, pastels sndwa- 
tercoiors by the German artist. A 
prolific draftsman, M*** < *ew to 
observe and record the world 

around him and capture a sense of 

me historical time and place. 


Biman Bangladesh Airlines offers convenient connections 
to 26 major cities worldwide - from North America 
to South Asia, from the Far East to the Middle 
East, from Europe to the Himalayas. Right on 
top of the world - at down to earth prices- 

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Montana Cattle 6 - Curst hutch 

“A first rate guest ranch (n the last best place. 

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Cull taLn for ip trial introductory nuts. If tou'vt wared until lit last 
mi null, please sail us vrpmy, wt map still knot summer sport available. 

b Holidays and Travel 

Caribbean. USA. Namptcns. rlcrtda. 
r Rent Jane Seymour's Castle. Overseas 

Conneciion Tel: 1-5TS-725-3308: 



HOTEL AL BUS UN. East ot Beirut 
5 star deluxe Ejcepaxw! bcatnn, secu- 
rity, contort, fine cusme. convenrons. 
business services, satelite TV. 10 min 
transfer horn alipon tree UTELL Fax: 
M) E13-5781391 / (-33) 10)1-47200007 


20 tl glass wall: Central Pent & City 
Luxuriously hmcftat plena, tax utile. 
For business, musician or honeymoon 
couple. 1 btocie to Cemepe Hail 2 to 
Lenetman, 5 to Lncoto Center. Muse- 
ums, Theaters. Weekly. Monthly. 3 toy 
weekends imtnmum] or long term. 
Tet 212-262-1561. Fax 716684-4142 

Holiday Rentals 


irwa to M&de mm pools Our agents 
Have ropeaHl al vitas persenely. For 
Feservatora on St Bans. SL Menh. An- 
guns. Barbas*. Misteue, me Vmpn Is- 
lands .. CaB WMCO/.-SlRARTH - U S. 
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GREECE 3 bans A mens. RamanBc. sea 
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Beautiful 600 sqm. *te_ 75 km south of 
Pom Cetvo |Cc$ia Smeratoa], 50 km 
spun ol Pom ffetma raoem oegn. 
My luntiflel X sandy teacn. 6 douDt? 
bedrooms. 6 bathrooms, amiable May, 
June, July. September. Tel: +39 335 
£73405- Fax +39 2 50571117 etai: Mar- 

11 ow gmunto. neat Siena & Rorance. 
Seeps 10 From £70&wk starting Jire. 
Tet +32-2-216 3307. tax +324-245 0184 



Benettj Yacht 

4 Staterooms S/10 guests 
plus 4 crew home 
port Monte Carlo - Rates '97 


Contact: Boat Manager - ITALY 
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Fax: 39 424 808408 
http:/ / /static / 


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For 3 tiee croenure on the rental 
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Imenrive Course bi eater 
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d Fabioia. 1. Sevilla -I TOW. Spain. 
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II Palio di Siena 

Come to the ancient city of 
Siena in Tuscany for the only true 
Palio in Italy. Be part of this 
Medieval horse race in the 
city’s main square, and enjoy this 
fascinating festival that bepan 
seven hundred years ago. 

For five days experience Siena’s 
unique heritage and celebrations, 
and live this true Palio life. 

II Palio di Siena is available 
even.' year: June 28 - July 3 and 
August 12 - I 7. Write or call 
for a free illustrated brochure to: 
Cultures &. Places 

Via del Rialto 34, 53100 Siena, Italv 
Tei (05771 286-671 
Fax (0577) 287-581 
or call Cultures Places 
in San Francisco 
Tel (415) 737-947S 
Fax <415) 737-0570 
Or at 11 vour travel ayent 


Liw SXp a naBw 
n rtaox Key West Fionas 
pittas gats) oipsuod am po# 
waking and trlong <£&!£ 10 
bwttes, sJinpong S local anaooos 
Euksne compawj usaoe tor c« 
atenavei last 
E*erea Nations 
Okte Hand BaaHy. he. 

FBK 305 294 7501 Tel: 355 292 5097 
£ fiMdoJandflaoUoffl 

RYC-WEST 56TH & 6TH AVE. 2 bed- 
room'Zj marble bans wnb Ssfcaiv am) 
sal-in luicnen Ftfr 'umsnta 'mury 
aaernar. DUg Genre: Paw $.nnh zt&l 
Heatib Cli* aiw at cite: ar*ncies 
Available June i. SiD0M ir,D Cau Hi 
Jam 203-36M3E. a: 203-»3-5221 

Herald Tribune 
ads work 

Brussels, avenue Louise, 346 

Hotel Max Hallet, 

attributed to Vidor Horta 

Carriage entrance, period staircase, marvellous entrance hall, 
reception rooms, winter garden, basement and two-car garage. 
Ground surface 6a 90 - 1 181 sqm habitable. 

All in very grand style and well maintained 
Mixed zone usable for habitaikmfoffices 
Listed building (Ail. 16.10.1975) 

Vacant occupation 

Authorization to visit may be obtained from the notaries. 

Tuesday, May 20th 1997, at 2 JO pun. 
in room Cl, Ventes par Notaires, Brussels. 

. j l. i »:_4 irt 

rue de Lj Montagne 30-32. 

Start of bidding: SO millions Mf 

xrontee of 20 millions BEr to provide in order to be allowed tobid. 

Notary Y. Dechamps - 0032 2 216.8833 
Nourv L. Boels - 0032 2 5374731 


Par sale In SWITZERLAND near Die 
captai BWK. m me mumcJpdtfy or 
Mun Oaw tax rates) 


IT!:. !"•' 1 1 ; 1 ) 

in a large park with ancient trees, 
awning-pool. ate. Very good comflon. 
Please contact 

Matter Blatter DavfdoK & Partner 
Antomette Wemk or Michael Bolt 
Sdwanengassa 9. 3001 Bern. 

*41 31312 5312 

manor house, 300 spun, frmg space, 
6 bocraora + guest house. 3 bertocms. 
Several outfw Mings. ataWs...- Treed 
4.5 ha. land. pom. FF2.2M. Tel: Pans 
+33 (0)147X1321. Fax (0)147140507. 


tats. rati cm iry house, large garden. 
Preogaus tocadon in old Tons. 8 acres 
+ 62 a. Price FF 194 negotiable. Tel: 
Franca *33 (0)2 47 20 46 40, (0)1 
43354562, New Yodt 212 243 9157 

ATHENS near HILTON, euM open 

Real Estate 
for Sale 

meter. 70 stun, plus terrace S bad 
(25 sq.m.). Air conditioned. SFrflQ, 
Please tetephora *30i 779 2289 



LAKE SIUCOE Waterfront Estate. Barne. 
Ontario. Canada 296 acres otbrtJ. pfas 
4 acres of Waterloo. Private, secluded 
Btxr waterfront v/ith sandy beaft areas. 
Ideal Icr tarrAy. corporate retrm possi- 
ble future development. Home. 2 car ga- 
rage. small bam. Panoramic vws For 
appontment or hither information contact 
Mel Brass. f2 Outtp Street East Berea 
Ontario. Canada. L4M1A3 cr Fax 
1-705-728-5280, Phone 1-705-728-5025. 
Ottered ai 519 Million Caiartan 

seed 25! sqm. 7 story house. Docu- 
menuton, pictures and tours avaflaUa. 
Asking NLG 990.000. Tet: *3110. 
3640075 Fax: *3110.6246414. 


SAINT MAARTEN. Netherlands Anffles. 
Waterfront Horn on Oyrarpcnp, 4 bed. 
4 bath, pod, boat dock wtn 2 nv depth. 
3000 + sq.m. fand, direct ocean seem: 
USS65MOO. Fax (561) 272-5101 USA. 

Fanous Meade man owner wanes to 
set tfraefy e 320 sqm, 5 bedroom rite 
seated in 3060 sqm. pine duster park. 
A few reruns wafc from the sea. tear 
tee local golf course. US S2.000.000. 
Tab 003B-585-7B8W9 from 12« ren to 
3H» pm. Fee 0039-585-777010. 

French Provinces 

ROOM ‘VILA’. July dr condtensd and 
heated, above Genova Nervi with fabu- 
lous vistas am 4, goo sqm. id Please 
wttte to: The Noncanto Corporation. Via 
A Gaitemo 26 R. 16126 Ganova. Italy. 

Uesrfac. Lon Atlandqua 
In tne middle toner at Die CHATEAU, 
tang As lain, very chanrwrg 80 sqm. 
apartment living room on 2nd floor, 
bathrem n & 2 bedrooms on 3rd floor. 
Parting place. Furruqhea equipped. 
For sale. Tab owner In Paris +33 
(0)1 43 17 91 06 or (0)1 47 53 73 62. 

AMALFI COAST, 40 sq-f- house, 
unique new, privets access (0 beach. 
500 sqm lemon grave. 4000 sqm. Mad- 
irarranwn bmsrwood, own wiring, 
5200.000. Talto 39 6 6661206 

ROME-COUSEUH. Apartmam with ex- 
ceptional and uroqie view on Gdwum. 
Antique building. Living room, dtohg 
room. 2 bedraara, 2 bans, office, kfch- 

m. Furmshec and decorated by tamos 
archlacL Fax +33(011 47 04 42 01 

BOURGOGNE • ESTATE. 1/2 hours 
from Pans. 2 ha. park with mw 16lh 
century square tower, 18 ft century dwell- 
ing. Siftoib view. 650 sqm. living space: 
3 living rooms. 2 kitchens, pantries, 8 
bedrooms (1 ol 80 sqm.) with that own 
bathrooms Fireplaces. Guam house, 
tamrirer’s house. 3 garages. Rare tolar. 
Inctave naqnbBOe pace F F 2300.000. 
Tel t 33 (0)386412514 Fax (0)386410216 

Paris and Suburbs 

IflTH PASSY-KENNEDT. owner selb 
apartment. hah class buUSng. 100 sqm. 
balcony, 4th floor, living, 2 bedrooms, 2 
baths. 3 WCs. equipped kitchen, cefar, 
gym, pod, mack bar & caterer to can- 
ptex. FF 16M. Posafixlty large parting. 
Tel: +33 (0)1 46 51 B3 01 

PRETTY, RENOVATE) 15th century wa- 
ter ml and manor house. Qose to lake. 
26 ha, m forest 200 sqm. apartment 
Cfcse to man road TGV, Irenes, aaport. 
FF3SM Tel: -33 (Ol2 98 73 72 Si F» 
(OB 38 67 19 81 

mar ‘BUoftaque de France", 5 rows. 
Listed & charming. Planted petto garten 
Roof teiraca possWe. FFSUWUWO. Tal 
American owner +33 (0)1 45 20 39 15. 



W 97 j 

■ Two 5 -week Sessions 

More than 75 quality 
education courses 

French Immersion 
3- week Program 

Pont-Aven Art 

Continuing Education 
Adult Programs 


Web site ■ 

For information: 

The American University 
of Paris 

Summer Programs, Box S-2 
31 , avenue Bosquet 
75343 Paris Cedex 07 , France 
Tel. ( 33/1140 62 06 00 
Fox | 33 / 1 ) 47 05 33 49 

Accredited by the Middle States Association 

Paris & Suburbs 

KARAS: Charming 1 Bedroom, near 
Place <fes Vosges. Trews, mi. sta- 
ter. equipped June/Juiy £3500 mo. Cal 
*33 Ityl 48 04 71 77 \*itl 4/29 


distance ol chateau. 20tens^f« 
Pans, is rrinm byjj AJJ* 
Total etapnw and cor™ roi a m < 

M*r! 2 weeks. Fax +33 WJ* 4,30835 

MONTMARTRE, Chemung flat, 40 sqjo, 
My furnished, vastvtg msftna. May - 
SfipLffMOO no. Te! *33 0)142280032 

MONTPARNASSE, Jrty - August 3-room 

- napoo. Te: +33(0)1 43 22 05 69 


.... • .'* 9 * 





LE MARAIS, 18ft century high dan 
butting. 50 sqm. decorated apartment 
amreree. htog. brewom, My equipped 
known, bathroom. soriy. carrier. 
RaOyp move to. FF1 ,600,000 (or tor 
ran FF7.500 par mmi. Tet cww +33 
(0J3 88650075, Fax +3» 0)3 66953206. 




LA QUEST CLOUD, 300 sqm twee 

lacing snrfh. Treed 850 *jjil 
FF 3-9&. Tel & Fax +33 (0)1 39 

Attrasbva proswtes. jws 

1 to 5 bedrooms, from 5Fr 2OILQO0. 

52, Montbriltent CH-1211 ®fVA 2 
Tat 4127-734 15 « Fax 734 12 20 

ETWLE HOCHE 400 sqjn. 

Freestone hddtog, Mi floor. BR 
purny, 4 offices, s dnAia garage. 
Tat! +33(01880078707 Fax (0)1405304 

LAKE LUGANO^attfiiw residanca 
a MORCOTC, toxiay 7-rtaB vffle, 
coutIiy styto, supab posSomHtfi 
megtufttert vf» on (aita, iwaed oaksa 

■ Stoort/UwV An - PanrFwiUM 

-IH— — r 1 - 


+ 44 <OXX 7 Z Jr 

Hoi/ accornnodatew stuto-5 bsttoenre 
OuaJHy and wvfce assured 

Tel +33(0)1 43120600. Fw (0)143128800 

UNIQUE, HISTORICAL apatmert, hi oi 
charm, 287 sqm ar Ctemps de Macs, 
under Bfei Tower, sunny ude. 2 lewte 
around floor aid basmaA 3/4 wd- 
rooms. 3 btans. garden i jpie on pfifk. 
Tet Owner t 33 ®)i 47 os 08 21 


Namfebon 0SJS CW 17 m 

K senouay inwested, based on 

uecsssrey fflpaf tonKuift 
pleas wnto C HreaH Tribune, 

Sm 278, 92321 Neuffly Cedex, Frreroe 

tbnal ao eq.ta, gotten, edn, EgN, char- 
acsr, Bichtedixai deagn, fuflyequptnd, 
IKL wr S dealing, pmshto oaddng. 
FFIIOOOiTB. TeHax +33(0)14ffi90430 


12 rafts. Tat Paris 433(0) 

PARS IHh. Y. HUGO. UmJdooa for- 
ntefmd apartmerts. 1 3 and 5 moire. 

ments. Rom «W*k to 4bedrouroTet 
♦41 !S7S 8320 Fa* +41 22 7382671 

Pans (50 Rwn& to La Defensaj. Five 
bedroomed houMjaiden, close town, 
country. Barest. FF?, 650,000. Fa tor 
dstals -33 (0)1 30 41 76 97. 

location tar elegarrf living. PUCK SFr. 
3.000,000. Senaus partes only. Please 
lax +41 22 990 2804. 

5th. SOR BONNE, 2/3 Oedraoms, 80 
sqjtl apartmam. tmgM. Mgh ceiHhga, 
visWa beams, flreptaa. wooden floor. 
FFL5U. Tel/Fax owner (0)1 43540887, 

E+raf 106604 J012flcompusavqean 

USA Residential 

PUBS Bfo. ctoee Janfti des Pbntes. 2-3 
rooms, doiiite fining. 55 sqm., 3rd floor, 
atevator, east west exposure, sunny, 
stem, near 2 metros. FF1 270.000 . T * + 
fee 33 (0)1 44 62 26 03 

toawfrte qppatiroy tor ti-tswi 
fleason Parted condifcn with 
atemor. Historic lan dmark structure. 

Sanfte prka at S735K US. 
si-6554510; fee 561AS4744 USA. 


-Estate in 

Nr frmimf. 

LATM QUARTER, 105 sq.m, radons, 
rare, double exposer, balcony, fltaaca. 
catoi, hmg room. 2 badrooms. 2 whs, 
F2.0U. Ttt -33(0)1 41 13 73 79 

MANHATTAN, 72« Eat Piter. I ta 
roam, sunny, guts, sate, vrey lew man- 
(finance, no elevator. SI 46,000. Tet -1 
212 5284294 re Pans +33 (0)145389303 

sqjn Vim - grennery. Tet +33 (0)1 
40 50 88 20 

BEVERLY KUS LARGE 1 bechoom. 2 
bath condo. Best tocaton. Top view. 
pod. 519*. Omar 310-551-1539. 

275 sq.m, tae recaption, 3 badrooms, 
2 bafts, main studio. Parting. Refined 
decaratm Tet +33 (0)1 45 04 20 4a 

masterpiecet Ocesnvaw, 3 bedrooms, 
sauna, gardens. S12M. 1310-457-9681. 

14 KUS FONTAINEBLEAU, ran 7 bed- 
room house on part FF2.8M. Tat +33 
(0)609854823. Tatta +32 2-7327065 

Real Estate 
for Rent 

4ft. 3 rntos Pompidou Museum. 

95 sqm., 2nd floor, britett, work to be 
done. FF1.75DGM +33 <0)1 42840655. 

Great Britain 

65 sqm.. Garage. Enepaonal conSrn 
FF1J00.000. Tet +33 pi 47 57 94 49. 

CHaSEA • 1 bedroom, i banroom. Flat 
stare dose to Skane Sq tube. Sti pro- 

fessional. SOOlmq Fu*y tumched. Tel: 
44 (0)171 225 1942 / 171 589 2708 

PARIS 3rd, studio for sale. 40 sq.m. 
2nd floor, visible beams. Price: 
FF 750000 Tot +33 (0)1 48 15 40 80 

PARIS 9ft, 45 sqjru apartment with 
■ftaracter, asspwnal anttecture. visible 
fleams & stones. Teh +33 (0)f 42655904 

Porter. Small himished bed-sitting, en- 
trance ted. drowre. Avalftle motfiete- 
ly. Cal 0041-22-3463706 nnmmg lunch. 


Town house, about 460 sqm Garten + 
petB. Tel: -33(0)1 47 04 44 55 


No 1 in HaBend 

lor jsren) himished hasesl/tets. 
Tet 31-20-6448751 Ffflc 31-8W69B0B 
Nhovan 19-21, 1083 Am Amstetdren 


Paris Arra Furnished 


Far JNTL +4646226416 

NEUtLLY: Japanese style boat, BO 
sqjn, terrace, only hear tods stogtool 
FF12J00. PANTHEON: Fully eqiipped, 
2 bedrooms, balcony al around tovtting 
the sunshine: FF15JM0 
9arvfng efl yotr Rrettef Needs 
Teh +33{(J)1427B8330 F*x(0)14B7B63ffl 

Ctestctt, atogart, toxofoui villa 
Cterijpe - Costa Btanca 
direct owner 1.710 sqm at tend, fivfevp 
space 280 sqm, tap condMoi B taxixv 
ousfy himished rooms, 2 baths, 2-car 
parte, geiden with pool southern mde, 
enclosed, unobstroOBd raw a sea. 
Offer DM 1.6 nw. + addtnwl charges. 
TsL (offlea) +4940-358 95 04. Fax -05 

Hsndptted queflty spartments. all son 
Paris and starts. We hr* ww best I 

Tel +33 (0)1-46146211. Fax (0)1-461 48215 

Montaigne. New. buirttfudy furnished 
fivtog room, dtomg area, i bedroom, 
1 v2 marble bafts, madam custom 
kitchen, finans/dahes, guardien. 3 
memhs to 1 yr. USA Ttt 212-7554858. 

15th, near 7ft. over ganlen, flwg * bed- 

Luxury villa, 7000 sqm. plot l 1200 
sqm of Irving space. Prtce to duxuss. 
Tet +344&4376S31 Fax +34-71-713454 

torn ctess. nwhr redone. ecupped.sun. 
quiet. F7.45Q. -33 lOH 456704®. owner. 

TTH, 1 block from Sffel Tower. 
Large tuxurtous 4 bedrooms. Fully 
equppal Tel; 3KW5M280 USA. 


ADC EN PROVENCE magntert caorfi? 
house, superb garden 4 news. Sleeps 
ID m 5 bedrooms, 6 bathrooms + inde- 
pendent apartment. Luxuriously decorat- 
ed. araque furnhire 4 partings, outdoor 
pool with pavffuxi + indoor port, jet 
stream Near town center, golf, tennis, 
ntfrig flubs 20 mtss lb MarsaBe fflipori 
Also staff cotiage. Staff on request. For 
rem hom 20ft June. Minimum 2/3 
rramfts. TeL -33 (0)6 09 62 42 21 ar 
Fax +33 10)4 91 77 83 73 

LA CRO0E-VALMER ■ 15 ‘cr ten Sant 
Tropez. villa or teacn. ail ccmfsrrs, 
8 rooms 12 oeds. hugs grte r. renras 
Kim garage. Usj & Gc rm.dOO sreA. 
June 4 Sept FF8.HS vrertv July & Aug 
FF15, WO neek. Private cwnar. Tel. 
+33(0 14 S0625925 Fax 10)' 4 S»C356 

Loup V2 hour tatel Cames 3 
bedrooms targe receaScn. Stunning 
news, garter 4 cxi 6 nxts mnroun 
a £000 par mstti Caa Eigfish qwh 

00 44 jffilS03 JsiLrB 

Independent wig. 4 beds. 4 bafts, 
'age receptor, equipped warn 
Pa nod tummre. B kms TGV sto AiO. 
FFSJOOCTv+eek. Special pnee tor long soy 
Tel -33 10)549211502. rax (0j5436539E5 

JuaaUuhf/AoqusL 3 mn beach. 10 ran 
UonaecTtice. tuiR ty royalty, rcurtam 
5eavneos. peacetui Soraen. wrapmul 
pool. 6 luxury sucas Visrt Tet +3310)4 
93 00 78 08. cww -J4(017i) 4937484 


110 sqm. 2 brirwrts. 2 bfflS. 2 ®- 

races. MeCitsranesr. vie s. dose to 
beach. Arafede after i£i 1. Dr. SaseL 
Fas 1-^01-351-7429 Tet 1-401-331-1(55 

VAR PROVENCE. 1 tairaefi Cf Jilca 
Rent Juiy/ Aug^ kfVB<y prauancsai pnuata 
hone cn 2 acres cqnsitaig 3 bedrooms, 
2 bathrooms. AL amg nines Pool. 
SIAOQWl CaS (MTW +33 (0)494732993 

SpaoctG maBmaad ferrohusa 3 beds. 
4 bafts Faoukua views. Tel cemer 
tsmasasm, ui (ojiTiasicaa 

CORSICA. NEAR CALVL sSertetj vfla. 
8-10 parcms. funy eaicyeL swimring 

cod, to: sea ■ ter** - gif. AvariaSe 
Ms. June. Sa^Bcser. Cai! aim 

French Riviera 


15ft, TWPLEX WITH TERR^. 4 bW- 

French Provinces 

Tpt +3l 70 355 26 26 

CrtWTJLLT itgor-. 18ft 
bS cornfotts, TO bedroom. 


bf DE LA CITE, enartteg A# 00 Sane 

DORDOGNE ■ On Ache Cnjartis Fsrm 
c fthrfbc van ev. fantftouse and aflago to 
w. Sheep, dudes, tons rears! fink 
buffirtia. ocrtds grow naj^r. Pnvae 
gcH. T*- +33 lO)S 53 03 S7 47 l&rftfl 
owned or Fas +33 IQ5 53 04 23 ft. 

Large, quiet, ftsarfy piwsb 10 aw es- 
[ate with I9fh century mam house, 
gueatar touse and pM. Ora or. 
vine^overed tanaa overtcofeng ftm 
ml tM ID rots to beadrastewn. 
Main bouse steeps 9. 2 bafts- Gws 
(raise deeps 3, ibrtLlta. 1 motoi. 
July id n Aug. 15ft. Pnca: Si5D00/ma 
Tft Pars *33 (0J1 48 96 20 12. Far 
(OH « 75 & 74. olpejouyrttefr 


Ifey 5ti ftu lift fflart tuBiTj 83 ft 
irewng Ctiara 5 tti-As saw! tor 
55 guess » ptevte stas & 
Tat Franca +33 (0)4 83 M 20 06. 
Far Franc* *33 (0)4 93 94 G 29. 

JuraaSeptWorUyew. Mytor- 

rfehed 6 beteoems. grin, in riming 
village over Seme chits Para 65 kms, 
Grwmjr 10 fans Fax +33 (Oj* 47819281. 

CANNES - DELUXE apartmenf-oflica 
during film festival, tong I Pata des 
FBSfflstj. Tat *33 (0f4 S3 08 25 47. 

nulATUELLE neighbortiOfld, Kedrocm 
tause, tnd. fl« »«*■ a* coniaL 
aflle Ai jg. owner W ( 0)142220104 


with tatoeny. pucec cs the best part 
of the croun (departure-right fine* 
cranentg St Davss-M Osaraa cm*), 
b-g scree’ Far *377 93 50 15 91 


79 Avenue Dwta Samaria 
Tat 433 @4 93 76 52 00 
Foe +33 (0)4 S3 76 52 ffl 

200 sqm. BKrttecfa vte, FF5W 
Cttartng 5 badmcmB via. FFTL5M 
Uagrtfart sea vie* vto, FRM 
Satlm vitepwwae beach, FFMW 
Ttft +33 (0) 4 92 00 49 49 
Fax +33 M 4 03 89 40 M 

FRANC&PROVENCE (VatofuM). Lifld 
and homai In vaifous price raw are 
now available in eteje^arto^ 
Voi Gogh- Engbh aptrita ask tor Aft* 
i^^Aga^Atato. 84210 S OL 
dta FW»Tet +33 (W 90 « 07 63 
Fax +33 VM B0 68 12 35 


-: -.src!rd n*# 
- . :i*w MMI 

of ji 


+ i: rrfvn fri 

r‘:1 Of- 


■ ExMptronai VILA: about 400 eqm. 
+ caretaker's house. Penman*: raw. 
Fiat 6£X> sqm. lend. 

NK£ - COTE D'AZUR - Unique, raw. 
roof-apartment on the beach, vey high 
ris, quiet end sunny el flay. 2 bed- 
rooms. itudy. trig taring and equipped 
open lichen. 10 B aqm. Wng apace, afl 
parquet and martte. 260 sqm. tansas, 

Unique taceflon. H total ri. 180 toA 
itvfaM Brace. Luvtecaoed oanjen. POOL 

parking. Dfrea access to a prtvaw 
rift. 5 rrtrs hum afiport. Astao price: 
FftSOOJOO (25% dfacountafl. CaS a 
Inc Monaco +377 835058.78. 


Luge 1 bedroom apartmam 
plus 40 sqm. oerten terrace wifi an 
exceptional raw, aveiteriang tne ssa 4 
M figtts ol Mena Cartq Tbs unfl 
is steated m a and aatoshra Stock 
featurkig prwacy. Marty & a roof 

A 1 bedroom apartment Modem 
anardtoa, biid 1893, 1st floor wtt tor- 

tkne] +33 (0)4 50 94 9Z 13 (mrartngs). 

op pod arain wft a 
Pnctt FF2J4 wft gan 

fftora M. Stef 

4 taa room. 
93 28 57 28. 

Private tomato, luuioui new viBs, 
150 aq-ni. +• oiribukflngs. Sea view, 
satfHMsst exoosua. Gantou Swinmring 
pool. Reduced lees. Direct owner 
FF55M. F«c +33 (Q4 92 13 19 32. 

Best Location. 

Via in perfect confiion. 

4 rooms. 3 baits. 
fenfscBpsd gartart 
Spectaoriar saa view. 

Pfeasa cd or Fox tor 
photo rfo c umpit to cn 
Tib +33 U)1 43 29 45 07 
Fax +33 fflh 40 51 81 56 

wb. Provencal rale (180 sqm): 3 bed- 
rooms. taring (50 sqjn.) + tnezzanliM 
with open Bra, hilly eqirippad Utahan, 
batman. 2 independent town + apart- 
ment wm separate entrance (32 aqm.). 
Private 2jZ50aqjiL land, tig swrmmhg 
pooL Absolute piracy. Tel / Fez Owner 
+33 (0)4 82 92 11 « ((wrings}. 



For rert, (ftofca of araeftn vfflas, 

3 to 6 bedrooms, ovatooUng (to m 
wlh swtovrtng poota. 
some right on fl» sea. 

19 , BM da Gamrel Loctore 
Tet +33 (W 93 01 04 13. 
Fric +33 MM S3 81 ft 96. 

Y Crwmi m 

r.r+l m 4* 

7-*i vTO Bto' 

• r V 4 *if 

- *CZ'- r 

Huge spacious modernized farmhouse, 

■ in f i 'i f 1MB 


80 sqm flat Air. da Uttre da Taoigny, 
ground floor on gaidan. 4 bedrooms, 2 

)CAR Scphh Arftala, NtaeACanon. 
Rare opportunity. Estate with authentic 
18 ft century otara ol mffl + btoemndent 
mac * separate apartmera, Steflng 8SC 
aqm. taring space, 9,000 sq.m. land. 
PWaUa bJdng odandori Sbaaro bank. 
Port. PooMwaa. Srtd (ftedy by owner 
50% ufldar value for reBrenort mesons. 
IH900fl00. Tat +33 (0)4 93 77 36 57. 

GOtFE JUAN (CANMsS). Lovely 4-bed- 
room vflte + pooL panoramte Senriw*. 
FROM. Coast 4 Country, The End* 
State Afflrts on fta Ranch RivleBTflt 
+33 (0)4 93753107 wwwjBoutfnsjcom. 

BAY OF CANNES, Port la Go/sre. 
to prfveta property of 25 ha on sea text 
dupfax 140 sqm, tnrac» with nofttag 
opprato, parwanile view ai 190 degree, 
2 poofe Wnb, private port Restaurarta, 
string and housairantog assured by 
CUD. Tel: +33(0)2 43 <718 46 

E hL, boaabfty ID bJd 450 RLOI. 1 or 
2 vdfes. Actum oW 'mas* 100 sqjro, 
saa vtow. FF 3#n,000. Owner Mr. HYM 
T* +33 (OK 82988888 or fflB 03053458 




Ptooe du Castoc 91 aim one 
bedroom apartment spuria terrace 
wflh vtow on tto saa mf the Cota 
Fflted ktatren, rrica sffld taring am 
Storage and garage. Luxurious bidding 
wlh Indoor spa and swimming pooL 

. 2 -- c ' • 
r-" " - 

' • 

- • ' 

• f — + •• . * ’ " 

- • 

•- vanra 

' ku.tM.M-. 

Mt 1 -ft'MriMl 

i—’irel vifC- 


Ownw Jds 350 sqm. house inter con- 
struction (reduced taxation), awmntog 
pool, on 2JQ0 sqm. flat tend w» beau- 
ftri trees and view on the vSage of St- 
Part. FF 4,5 mflton + finish FF 1-1 £ mi- 

Phone office +41-22-838 3040 
FfiX +41-22839 3050 

COTE D’AZUR. Owner suite superb 3- 
room apartment hi trite, Am arian f dhft- 
en, terrace, am view, pool FF7W J00. 
Tefc +33 (0)4 92 95 IB DS 

LE CABTELLET HMorieal madetrei vl> 
tae. 12 km aeo, surrounded by vtoynris. 
75 aqm. house, 2 badrooms, 2 baths, 
perfect cortttorvTrt +28 pfiMOIBBIQO 

U Park ftetoce 

28 avanua da to Coata 
K SHOO Monte Carlo 

\L- •• . 

Tal 877) 93 25 18 00 
Fn (377) 93 25 35 83 

! / - : • 

. v '•arare 

mramooncartoincltaaitai/parii aganea 

• - wni p 

• • . * ' .'Li reMV 


4-tod room ri/is. Private beach, Jetty 
Quart Inn. 534 1890 no* Si BM. T* 

Boots A Yachts 

guest horn. 534 1890 now SIM Trt 
+377 807935198. Fax +377 93507197. 

Francs, near Leucate, 100 sqm, redone. 
FW50000. Tet +33(0)4 6845WBZ 

COTE D’AZUR - VflMraneha an Mar- 
Magrrtkrant 3 rooms, tonaca, sunny, 
vtow bay St Jaan Cap Ferret, refined 
daoondbn. Tat tssm 33 » B0 10 

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*' *« 
• 1 .1 

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•r^ . 

IMF Chief 
Calls on Fed 
To Tighten 

U.S. Stacks ‘a Bit’ Rich, 
Camdessus Declares 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald T ribune 

WASHINGTON — Michel Camdes- 
sus, managing director of the Intema- 
■ tdonal Monetary Fond, said Thursday 
that he supported a "very progressive 
monetary tightening’* by the Federal 
Reserve Board and agreed with his chief 
economist that the U.S. stock market 
was “a bit on the rich side.' 

He also said that he expected Fund 
lending to Russia to resume by next 
month, with the first payments of a 
tranche of $33 billion. 

Mr. Camdessus was speaking ahead 
of meetings of the IMF Interim Com- 
mittee and the IMF-World Bank De- 
velopment Committee. 

Referring to the much-noted warnin g 
by the chairman of the Fed, Alan Green- 
span, about the dangers of “irrational 
exuberance' ’ in what then was a boom- 
ing stock market, tire Fund chief said 
Mr. Greenspan’s exhortation seemed to 
have become * ‘part of conventional wis- 
dom” in global equity markets. 

Mr. Camdessus also played on the 
phrase to refer to the Fund’s uncom- 
monly rosy outlook for tire global econ- - 
omy. Around the world, he said, “I 
think there are good reasons for us to be 
in a state of rational exuberance.” 

On Russia, he said he was reasonably 
certain that agreement on the second 
tranche of the $10.3 billion program 
could be concluded by the middle of 
May, with disbursement beginning 
within five days of die accord. 

Citing in particuJar tax collection, die 
Fund delayed an October installment of 
the loan amid concerns over die struc- 
tural reform and economic stabilization 
programs it is to support. Russia ex- 
perienced a sharp decline in tax revenue 
in connection with its presidential elec- 
tion. Some enterprises stopped paying 
taxes while they waited to see whether 
President Boris Yeltsin or his Com- 
munist opponent would win. 

Mr. Yeltsin has since strengthened 
tax collection. 

On other matters, Mr. Camdessus: 

• Played down any fears of afinancial 
crisis in Japan, saying the Fund saw no ' 
reason there for alarm and adding that 
the organization was working closely 
with authorities in Tokyo on ’‘putting 
their finance sector in order.” 

• Expressed satisfaction with actions 
by South Korean authorities to solve 
problems facing die country’s banking 
sector and to strike a better macroe- 
conomic balance. 

• Said Argentina’s economic pro- 
gram was “producing good resalts. 

• Called Venezuela’s economic re- 
form program “an undeniable suc- 
cess,” though he warned of inflationary 

The managing director vigorously 
evaded repealed questioning by a Dutch 
reporter about recent reports that Paris 
might be poshing him to head the 
planned European Central Bank. 

“I call it press speculation,” he said, 

* 'and as you know, the IMF doesn’t like 
to feed mess speculation. No, no, no!” 

Mr. Camdessus, who had run the 
French central bank, recently began a 
third five-year term at the Fund. No 
other managing director has served 
more than two terms. 

Mr. Camdessus also laid out die 
framework of a debate on globalization 
— the increasingly quick and free flow 
of goods, capital ana technology across 
boraers — that will be a central theme of 
the meetings ahead. 

“Many think globalization is a zero- 
sum game,” he said, “where a few are 
gaining at the expense of others.” 

Critics have pointed to declining 
manufacturing employment, downward 
pressures on the wages of less-skilled 
workers and a loss of the autonomy of 
national policymakers. 

Bur while noting that globalization 
carried a risk of maig maliz a n on forcoup- 
tries “not able to integrate in the world 
economy.” Mr. Camdessus said die net 
result of globalization was positive. 

FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1997 

PAGE 13 

Dorid Uirl/Tbf Wxiwd h™ 

Traders on the Toronto Stock Exchange throwing papers to celebrate the last day of trading on the floor. 

Toronto Traders Log On to New Era 

By Anthony DePalma 

New York Times Service 

TORONTO — The Toronto Stock 
Exchange closed its trading floor on 
Wednesday and switched entirely to 
computers, hoping to lower costs, pro- 
tect its share of the market and at least 
partly overcome the embarrassment it 


suffered last month when frenzied 
trading in a troubled stock repeatedly 
shut down the exchange. 

The boom of confetti cannon at 4 
PJVl marked the ceremonial final floor 
transaction — 100 shares of BCE Inc., 
the parent company of Bell Canada. 
After completing the transaction, Don- 
nie Moss, 68, one of the last remaining 
floor traders, threw his order book into 
tile air. And the Toronto exchange, the 
world’s ninth-lareesi stock market, 
with trading in 1996 valued at $215 
billion began a new era. 

Toronto thus joined London, Paris 
and other major markets that have aban- 
doned frantically shouted instructions 
and mysterious hand signals in favor of 
the silent efficiency of computers — 
where traders send orders directly to the 
stock exchange from desktop ter minals 
at brokerage offices. 

The New York Stock Exchange, the 
largest market, continues to use the 
traditional floor trading system. 
However, the exchange also bandies 
computerized trades. The Nasdaq mar- 
ket is fully computerized. 

Toronto was a pioneer in computers, 
partly automating some trading in 
1977. It decided in 1992 to switch 
completely to computers, but early at- 
tempts to develop its own system 
failed. Last year, exchange officials 
decided to adopt the system used by the 
Paris Stock Exchange. 

The transition to automation was 
well underway when a hidden glitch in 
a 20-year-old software program caused 
the exchange’s system to overload last 

month, making Toronto the butt of 
market jokes. 

The problem involved trading in the 
shares of Bre-X Minerals Ltd., a small 
but widely held Canadian exploration 
company that said it had discovered the 
world's richest gold strike in Indone- 

On March 27, Bre-X made an an- 
nouncement that cast doubt on its ini- 
tial gold estimates. More than 8 million 
shares of its stock changed hands in the 
first 20 minutes of trading, overloading 
the exchange's computer and shutting 
down the system. The problems con- 
tinued for several days. In all, the entire 
exchange was shut down three times, 
while trading in Bre-X was halted 
twice more because of the system over- 

What caused the computer crash 
was “a minor system bug hidden for 20 
years,” said Brian Harding, senior vice 
president for information systems at 

See CHANGE, Page 17 

A Failed Client Hamits Bear Stearns 

By Diana B. Henriques 
and Peter Traell 

New York Tbnes Service 

NEW YORK — When it comes to 
clearing, the arcane but crucial busi- 
ness of processing and guaranteeing 
die hundreds of billions of dollars 
worth of trades that occur on Wall 
Street each day, few firms rival Bear 
Stearns & Co. 

Gearing services are a cornerstone 
of its business, and Bear is not shy about 
its prowess. "We Clear Everything for 
Everybody,” it boasted in ads in the 
Securities Industry Association's year- 
book. to another industry publication. 
Bear urged brokerage firms to "Throw 
Our Weight Around." 

That is just what the New York 
brokerage AJEL Baron may have done, 
according to some customers of the 
small firm, which collapsed last July 
under a deluge of regulatory inves- 
tigations and customer complaints. 

In several pending arbitration cases, 
the customers contend that Bear’s re- 
lationship with Baron went beyond the 
usual ties between a clearing broker 
and its client Specifically, they main- 
tain that Bear extended credit and 
services that kept Baron alive 

long after it otherwise would have 
closed, despite serious complaints 
lodged directly with Bear. 

They further maintain that Bear 
knew, or should have known, that Bar- 
on was manipulating stock prices, gou- 
ging customers and carrying out un- 
authorized trades on a huge scale — 
charges that the Securities and Ex- 
change Commission filed against Bar- 
on before its collapse. 

As one customer arbitration case 
puts it. Bear kept the brokerage alive 
r ‘so that Baron could generate rev- 

enues and find investors to enable It to 
repay Bear Stearns the loans it had 
made to Baron.” 

Bear denies these allegations and 
insists that it has no responsibility for 
customer losses at Baron. 

“The regulators were given the com- 
plaints that Bear Steams received,” a 
spokeswoman said, adding that the 
company does not — and market reg- 
ulators do not require it to — ‘‘police or 
investigate the broker-dealers for whom 
it performs back-office functions.” 
Bear’s clearing business, she said, 
“has never been found by any reg- 
ulator to have acted in violation of any 
rules governing this business.' ’ 

Still, Baron's abrupt collapse has be- 
come a continuing headache for Bear. 

At the direction of the Manhattan 
district attorney’s office, a grand jury 
has been investigating the fall of Baron 
for more than six months, according to 
filings in a bankruptcy court 

A clearing broker processes the pa- 
perwork and guarantees trades by cus- 
tomers of client firms, which are called 
introducing brokers. If an introducing 
broker cannot immediately meet its 
obligations on behalf of its customers, 
its clearing firm must do so. 

Courts have held that clearing brokers 
inmost instances have no fiduciary duly 
to customers of client firms because 
clearing brokers do not control intro- 
ducing brokers. But industry arbitration 
panels, not bound by court precedent, 
have sometimes held clearing brokers 
liable fen 1 customer losses, usually in 
cases where ties to an introducing 
broker seemed unusually elaborate. 

Baron, the brokerage at the center of 
the grand jury investigation, opened in 
1992 and was frequently short of cap- 

See STOCKS, Page 17 

i Bear Stearns has a 
I bigger share ... 

; Shares cleared by Bear 

j 16%_ steams as a percentage } 

, of total traded on \ 

1 — the NYSE. 

— i — i — i — i — r— i — r-—i — i — r s 
■87 '89 *91 *93 *95 '9G i 


2,000 Number of clients for 
“* which Bear Steams 
1^2^- has cleared. 


... of a rapidly 
growing market. 

. $5 trillion 

Annual dollar 
volume of trades 

— i — i — i — i — i — i — r— i — i — r~ 
■87 89 '91 ‘93 ‘95 '96 

! SoutcestTha Bear Steams Companies: 

' The Flew York Stock Exchange 

The New Yofk limn. 

Juppe Tells Ministries 
To Prepare New Cuts 

Spending to Be Capped at 1996 Levels 

CaepiJnfiqr Our SvjfFrcm Dapatchrs 

PARIS — Prime Minister Alain 
Juppe showed the government’s deter- 
mination to qualify for Europe's single 
currency by ordering all ministries on 
Thursday to cap spending for a second 
year running. 

As the campaign for an early par- 
liamentary election heated up, Mr. 
Juppe's office released a copy of a letter 
calling on all ministries to prepare fur- 
ther cutbacks to keep the lid on state 
spending, which he wants capped at 
1996 levels. 

The 1997 budget limits state . 
to the same level as in 1996 — 1. 
trillion francs ($270-29 billion) — which 
implies cuts to compensate for inflation. 

Next year “will confirm France's 
ability to take part in European mon- 
etary union and a single currency start- 
ing Jan. 1, 1999," Mr. Juppe wrote. 
‘ ‘This decisive result for our country in 
European construction will be thanks to 
the clean-up of public finances pursued 
with vigor since 1995.” 

Mr. Juppe's letter, the traditional 
missive on budget goals for the fol- 
lowing year, came at the same time as a 
reaffirmation by Finance Minister Jean 
Arthuis that France’s finances for 1997 
— the decisive year for single-currency 
qualification — were in line with fore- 

Mr. Arthuis said in an interview pub- 
lished in the business daily Les Echos 
that there were no signs of slippage this 
year. He stressed that tax revenue, in- 
cluding income from value-added tax, 
was not below forecast. 

The finance minister has repeatedly 
dismissed press speculation that this 
year’s budget was under pressure, not 
because of problems with spending 
cuts, but because of possible tax-rev- 
enue shortfalls and a larger-than-fo re- 
cast social security deficit. 

“If in any case there woe any nasty 
surprises, we would take sufficient mea- 
sures to control spending levels,” Mr. 
Arthuis said in a reiteration of the gov- 
ernment line over past weeks. 

"We have frozen 10 billion francs." 
of spending credits, he said. “If we had 
to go further, we would do iL* f 

‘ T have strong hopes that we will also 
meet our goals on the social accounts, ” 
he added. 

The center-right government is head- 
ing into a tough campaign battle with 
the main opposition Socialist Party and 
is eager to prove its economic track 
record to voters before the two-round 
parliamentary election on May 25 and 
June 1. 

It got some help from a report 
Monday that industrial production, ex- 
cluding energy, food and construction, 
rose 3.7 percent in February from the 
previous month, giving a year-on -year 
rise of 2.2 percent 

Analysts said the data provided fur- 
ther evidence that exports were driving 
French economic growth. Some of them 
said the news also pointed to a recovery 
in investment, which the government is 
relying on to boosx growth to 2.3 percent 
this year from 1.3 percent in 1996. 

“The most interesting element is the 
rise in capital-goods investments,” said 
Eric Chaney, an economist with Mor- 
gan Stanley in Paris. "It confirms the 
scenario of a cyclical recovery in 

“I am convinced that investment in 
France is underestimated," he added. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg ) 

■ Co mmis sion Defends Forecast 

The European Commission rejected 
on Thursday accusations that its fore- 
cast that Italy was unlikely to be ready to 
take part in a single currency in 1999 
was politically influenced, Agence 
France-Presse reported from Brussels. 

The commission's projection that 
Italy would breach the permitted budget 
deficit ceiling this year, and by an even 
bigger amount next year, was based on a 
purely technical assessment, a commis- 
sion spokesman, Klaus van der Pas. 

“We would lose all credibility if we 
started malting politically oriented cal- 
culations,” he said. 

The commission’s forecasts were 
greeted with a furious reaction from the 
Italian government. An Italian on the 
commission, Emma Bonino, suggested 
that Italy had been treated more harshly 
than other Ell countries. 

France and Germany were both fore- 
cast to exactly hit the 3 percent ceiling, 
despite skepticism among private-sec- 
tor economic analysts and the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund. 

Addresses in Cyberspace: 
No Longer a Monopoly 

GxqiMty Oir SujfFn m Dispatches 

GENEVA — Internet users will be 
able to pick from a wider choice of 
addresses at cheaper prices under a plan 
to inject competition into the unruly 
cyberspace name tag and address busi- 
ness, industry insiders and United Na- 
tions officials announced Thursday. 

Major companies, public bodies and 
international organizations will sign an 
accord next week setting up a new glob- 
al structure to manage registration of 
addresses on the Internet, the sources 

The accord was shaped after nearly 
two years of sometimes acrimonious de- 
bate in the on-line community and fears 
that government and powerful organi- 
zations wen? attempting to impose them- 
selves on the freewheeling Internet 

Currently, just one firm. U.S.-based 
Network Solutions Inc., holds a mono- 
poly on the registration of the most 
coveted address tag in cyberspace, that 
ending in .com. 

Network Solutions also bas a lock on 
the endings .net and .org„ so-called gen- 
eric top level domains, or simply, do- 
main names, the Internet's equivalent of 
telephone numbers. 

Consumers, instead of having to ap- 
ply to Network Solutions, will soon be 
able to shop around (on the Internet! for 
the cheapest address price and the best 
service, the officials said 

Enthusiasts will also be able to choose 
from a greater variety of tags. The In- 

ternational Ad Hoc Committee, which 
represents a group of Internet-related 
entities, plans to offer seven new generic 
domain names, for example, .nora. 

So, if John Smith is quick on his toes, 
he can put the Web address johns- 
mithjiom. on his name cards. 

“What we are doing is globalizing 
the administration of a global re- 
source,” said Robert Shaw, a member 
of the UN's International Telecommu- 
nications Union and part of the team 
behind the project. 

Mr. Shaw said companies like MCI 
Communications toe., which carry In- 
ternet traffic, as well as state-owned 
France Telecom were among 45 players 
in the raultibillion-dollar business who 
would sign the agreement in Geneva on 
May 1. 

Network Solutions is authorized to 
charge S50 to register each address tag, 
with two years payment required up 

In 1993, before surfing on the World 
Wide Web became a popular pastime. 
NSI registered about 400 addresses per 
month. "Last month, they registered 
about 100,000,” Mr. Shaw said 

“I would guess by September 1997 it 
is somewhere on the order of $ 1 80 mil- 
lion in revenue," he said. “So, sud- 
denly, people are saying 1 would like to 
get Into business, too.” 

Some 28 firms will soon be given a 
chance, thanks to the project. 

(Reuters. AFP) 


Fiat’s 1996 Net Rises 10% 

Cross Rates 

S t DJI U. 
£5*5 57.0 aOfiS M2B 

171B4 2JM5 — 

M2S — 2 7SM tJBO 
|n i* 235021 S4L2S S KBB 
uau; uo.ra wm bus 

— LfiMo L71S 53155 
S» 941 U - 
i>on ata 7133 2126 

L38* UfiS 1023 «*7 

MB 2J5J8 UStl U50E 
MW U*1 IS* *9* 
. IJWS tWO 23SU 7S2W 

Cjoslnps in Amsterdam Laofc 

Other Dollar Values 



Austrian «!>• 12.095 HiW UMlM 
BrazUm# UN* 
f*A*m*m yUQl BJ2« 1 

April 24 Llbid-Ubor Rates 

April 24 




London <W 



New Vort lb' 

1 SDR 

un urn 
aifsz’ — 
Mi- 1U6S. 
man* aim 
Z7JW* 1M1J 
— BB.H 

uau* xjwm 

OH* 2*57 
0341 <555 

01)156* 07566 
UQ3S 12031 
HSL 1444* 










as » 



SJ. M 

■ un tsar 
uhb urn 

■ U7T7 UJJT 
23796 2BUW 
96336 1I4JM' 

1.1033 11526 
1488 12610 
1M 4586T 
1632 — 

■ 0554 LIB*' 

1 — 1,1504* 

MTU 14U57 
26055 1724U 



























Doflar D-Mark Frmrc Storing Ftauc Yen ECU 

1 -month 5T»-5 1 V« 3V6-31* 1U-1H 4V* - 6¥* 3W* - 3Vk 9m-*» 4-4V6 

3-ffiami) 5*-5<V» 3V0-3U 1*4- m 3Vi6-3»V, tt-Va 4-4H 

6-nxmtti 51k- 6 3¥»-3V» lft-lft 6T»-6'K» 37k.3ft Vt-Vt 4M-4M 

1-fear 4K-6U 31*-3»k lOte-J «*-7 3*1-3*14 *6-66 6*l4-4VSi 

Sources: Reuters. Lionets Bank. 

Rains opaBaMa to Unertonk deposits of Si taOBon nMtnora far eqatraenO. 

'Units of 10tt MO-* not evt#Hk not availabM. 



5.1535 itetoif.ilns. 












Part, acodo 

Rost ruble 

Saudi rtyol 




7 J 355 







S. Kor.won 
Thai butt 
Turidsh Bm 


4 L 4445 








Forward Rates 

DMay CD-dOT H-M7 Osnanty 
ia«i ljsm 1 52W Japoaesny** 

S ISr 

1J155 9-rtH ’■ 70W 

Pound Storting 

CnRodkm (War 


30407 604107 *0*7 

12551 12656 12443 

1-4020 1-4568 1-4522 

Key Money Rates 

UriM State* 


1 taw 

Dbcotmt rate 



PriM rate 


8 16 

(-several tow* 



98-dny CD* ikaten 






3 Boolti Treaaay M 



1-ytar Treatery Ufl 



X^tar Treasicy M 



Vy«ar Trcarary nets 



T-ytar TMocwy iota 



10-year Tnasarr note 






Monte LyncR Do-day RA 







Cal! annoy 



1-tnooHi interim* 






6-oMfe taterimk 



7«mMr Sort bond * 



Son— 7 

Looter* rate 



Cd* money 



1*00118 BRlVOtK 



tuiut unv 



foNA iiitartuuk 






Book base rate 



CaB manor 



I -100*0 Interbank 



3-anatti tatstemk 



fr-awnni lulutbuak 



10-rear CM 




intennoHaa rate 






1480068 IfltOOUHfc 



3-aHo!b taterbaak 





lb-yen' OAT 



Sources: Rruters, flTtwff’Of 'S; 

a. Baa* of Toiro-MitsuMsHt. 

' CiadB itontiaa. 



AJTL P-M. Wjt 

34050 34030 — 0J0 
341.15 34050 +0.10 

NtwVtffc 34X30 342 JO -040 
U5. daBan per ounce. Lormn official 
firings Zurich ant New VWJ apering 
and dosing prices New York Cemex 
Samos Remus. 

CimpOril In Ovr Slaff fnm Dupatrhn 

MILAN — Fiat SpA, Italy’s largest 
company, said Thursday that its net 
profit rose 10.2 percent in 1996, thanks 
to one-time gains, but operating profit 

Tne company posted a net profit of 
231 trillion lire (51.4 billion) last year, 
up from 2.15 trillion lire in 1995. But 
operating profit fell to 1 .805 trillion lire 
from 3.325 trillion the previous year. 
Sales rose 4 percent, to 78 billion lire. 

Fiat also said that it would give in- 
vestors one additional share for every 1 0 

“The bonus share is nice but doesn’t 
make up for the poor operating per- 
formance.” said Nicholas Potter, an ana- 
lyst at Crediio Italiano International. 

Hal did not detail the one-time gains 
that lifted its net profit, but said the 
bottom line was helped by the selling of 
a 31 percent stake in its New Holland 
tractor unit on the New York Stock 
Exchange and the sale of its fund man- 
agement operations to Assicurazioni 
Generali SpA. 

Fiat also said that in the first quarter 
of this year, pretax profit rose to 495 

billion lire from 464 billion a year ago. It 
said operating profit fell 1 1 percent to 
450 billion. 

Fiat's first-quarter sales gained 53 
percent, to 20.84 trillion lire. Sales rose 
at its car and tractor operations, but fell 
at the Iveco truck division. 

The results were announced after the 
close of trading. Fiat’s stock dosed 1 55 
lire lower at 5,430 lire. 

Fiat attributed its slow start this year 
in part to Italy’s weak economy and 
heavy taxes. 

“Unemployment has reached wor- 
tying levels,’] the carmaker said. “The 
increase in disposable income did not 
lead to more consumption because of 
the effect of growing fiscal pressure." 

Fiat said its profit margins did im- 
prove- as die quarter went on when a 
government incentive program for car 
sales took effect. The government in 
December announced cash payments to 
people who turn in old cars and buy new 

Fiat said its market share in Europe 
rose to 1 2.7 percent at the end of the first 
quarter from 1 1 J percent at the end of 
1996. (Bloomberg. AFP. AFX l 

EU Assails 
China Rules 

C^ngdeJ hr Oar Staff Fnm [Hspakhn 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Commission called Thursday on 
China to break down barriers to its 
markets, citing complaints by 
European businesses that key ser- 
vice industries are all bur closed to 
foreign competition. 

With China's bid to join the 
World Trade Organization entering 
a decisive phase, the commission 
said high tariffs, murky regula- 
tions. restrictions on marketing and 
copyright piracy remain obstacles. 

The liberalization of commerce 
has “so far had little impact on 
European companies' ability to 
gain access to China," the com- 
mission said. 

The commission said a survey of 
92 European traders and 97 in- 
vestors from more than 20 industries 
produced hard evidence of Chinese 
market-access barriers, notably in 
insurance, telecommunications and 
law. (Bloomberg. AFP) 


PAGE 14 



Investor’s America 

The Dow 

30- Year. T-Bond Yield 


The Dow 


«4P W / CtoaO Change 

6e«L72 . -c^o 


sap 500 

mt* 778.04 -o^e 



754JZ4 . 75534 



404.71. .. 5 -0^7 


Composite. 1229.38 : '1227.15 +0-18 


Market VSkie 

G48 l 95 54356 ■ +0.11 

Toronflo TSE fodax- 

5884.79: 5874.10- ■ -0.15 

SaoPaufO Bo vespa 

970*95 • 9634:18 ■ +O.70 

Mexico City Bolsa 

3780.03 3825.97.. -fJW 

Buenos Aires Men/af 

70B-S? 722-07 - -1.70 

Santiago IPSA Genera* S38&05 535Z96 

Caracas Capital General ' 6301.21 834555 



Fed Governor Puts a Damper on 

IBM-Led Stock Rally 

MCI Conui.un,<^on S ^«tfell 


, „ *___ » „,.n>nre Mev- iobs would provide more evidence lion, or $2.21 a sha re. . _ afwr the comj^y minion, as 

r.wyv/fd t* o» smf fn* d^w£*« by comments that the economy is booming. IBM’s reveni^increased 4 J per were {^al$2W 

rd M our 04?""****" by comments rrom l-mh j economy is booming. IBM’s revenue inci 

YORK - Blue-chip ^ ° f *! g R™S°He safd the More evidence of a healthy labor cent, to $17-3 billion- 


be The company, once coow«™- offset strong 

government said the' number of staid vendor of giant mbw ° as ^^ ng ^stance service. 

sssass seg 

~ S-sskkks 

5* -j^aas ^SSSSg gsSifp 

S°Stmi5ard & Poor’s 500 fcfa 

^ Losses 


. V.'-H "*r 


of International 

Sl.-At;® ~*ss^U. ,*, 

average * 

, i 

siKS * s 

The Dow finished 20.47 points “^ t VonftKnlite irice and smaller 

i‘er. at 6.79*— • , r down After the 

i was on 

set closed Wednes 

^dnes- servicing and consulting on other durance . g— > — inner net profit rose 

^ srss ^ sjggsss 

Y< The I^w’s pullbKk was led by a year earlier. But .the ^leraanonal tajj™ 

-time no^planstotayba^^y ~ lwiM * a 20 percent annual rate. 

dropfri Bra^had^ady sji^^b^ Sduded a one-time nounced plans to Duy ‘^,'wing at a 20 percent annum low. 

& Gamble Co., both of which Mr Weyer spoke- “ Wf JToa charge of $435 million: without it, as 25 million shares, or 9 perce gro ^ Reuters , Bloomberg. NYT) 

. .■ nnc m ated uial repon* ikai "I* 1 * u “ P u I u,... Cl O hit. lie etnet 1 

^c^. r — “'ou^t^d OTirngs wouid have been SI a bil- !>«*. 

Source: BloowQerg. Reuters 

lutcmauanal Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Procter & Gamble Earnings Up 

CINCINNATI (Bloomberg) — Procter & Gamble Co. said 
Thursday that financial third -quarter earnings rose 16 percent 
as the company benefited from cost-cutting efforts. 

The maker of Tide laundry detergent and Pampers diapers 
said net income rose to $881 million, or $1—6 a share, from 
S760 million, or $1 .07 a share, a year earlier. 

Revenue rose 2 percent to $8.77 billion. Shares in Proctor 
& Gamble fell SI. 125 to $124,375 in late trading. 

Signs of Rate Rise 
Give Dollar a Lift 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — The dollar edged higheT against most 
other major currencies Thursday after 
Federal Reserve Board governor convinced many traders 
that U.S. interest rates were heading higher. 

■‘The economy appears to be growing at an .unsus- 
tainable above-trend rate,” Laurence Meyer said at a 
meeting of the Forecasters Club m New York. 

The Fed's Open Market 

interest-rate policy, meets May 20. On March *5, the 

We Care, 5 Philip Morris Chief Says 

restore specul 
diversified gi 

Canpfrd bv Our Skiff F-an Dap^im 

said Wall Street inv^tore specnlated sute m " 

RICHMOND Virginia — Thechair- that Philip Morris,; a ^v^^ gray 

defended his best known for its highly profirable c lg; nesses.^ ^ ^ gnd explore all 

!#" * h,f ? 

iMBMr. M- 

m^of PWhp Morris''Cos. defended his best known tor its mgmy^iu^»6 f *"TT^ e ^ listen to and exptore aii f nMllU!** 

ar.-issw^K gg a^rrrir: iSsssS'-- , f-'f""" 

sutssr.-T'z SssS.i= rc«gs%se& a-. « 



on or uiuic. . , 

ings'are « 
Co. and Kraft Foods lnc._ _ . . * nt :„ 0 ^ tnhacco industry m trie with 

Comsat Files Suit Against Ex-CEO 

BETHESDA, Maryland. (Bloomberg) — Comsat Coro- 
said it sued its former chief execuuve, Bruce Crockett, al- 

leging he conspired with some shareholders who have 
threatened a proxy fight to take over the satellite com- 

foreign exchange 

-•We^STd^ food and beer renting the 

rompani^U) run them, not to spin them negoti^ons wilh the^3^srate attorneys 
win. d.t.u u,; 

tries to “treat our feUow human beings 

H^fo?ft?Smpaiiy’s $69i bdlionm 

munications company. . . .. . # w_ 

The suit filed in a federal court in Vuguua, aUegej. ttat Mr. 
Crockett, Herb Denton, Providence Capital Inc. and Wyser- 
Pratte Inc. violated the Communications Satellite Act of 196— 
The suit seeks more than $20 million in damages. 

• Bell Atlantic Corp. received Justice Department antitrust 
clearance to go ahead with its $23 billion acquisition ofNynex 
Corn* creating a telecommunications powerhouse that wilt 
provide local telephone service from Maine to Virginia. 

• Walt Disney Co. is to combine its U.S. and international 
video distribution units into one division. Buena Vista Home 
Video Worldwide. 

• Netscape Communications Corp-’s first-quarter net in- 
come rose to $7.94 million, or 9 cents a share, from $3.58 
million, or 4 cents, in the year-earlier period. Revenue more 
than doubled, to $120.2 million from $56.1 million. 

• Dow Chemical Co.’s first-quarter operating income totaled 
$765 million, down from $868 million a year em-her^ ^ 

panel raised its target for the feder^^ftin^ raJe on 
overnight loans to 5.5 percent from 5 - 2 ^P® rc 5 nL J”‘ 
crease dinte rest rates make deposits and bonds denom- 
inated in a currency more attractive. 

A bigger-than -expected decline in the number < ° f £ b Jgs 

tr " Mr rjku caid. general and health activists. 

f)J^gq^ig. a shareholder Stalks are an attempt to settle law- 

revenue last year was 

nomobacco businesses. (AP Reuters) 

would raise rates to keep the economy from overb^ng. 

Tn*W am caurious. though, ahead of a meeting Sunday of finance 
ministers and central hankers from the of&vmtea^g m- 
■ 4 i l ctnaibWl nations. Many analysts predicted the G-7 would reaffirm its 
position, made in February, rfrfl the dollar had risen 
Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin said Thursday that 
the G-7 policy on the dollar had been “useful. 

But the dollar has risen since the February meeting, 
hitting 126.850 yen on April 9. It closed Thursday at 
1 26. 1 00 yen. up from 1 26.050 on Wednesday. ^ 
Japanese officials, calling the dollar’s nse excess- 
ive,” have suggested that they might ask other G-7 
members to join in a coordinated selling of dollars. 

Against other major currencies, the dollar rose to 
1.7152 Deutsche marks from 1.7135 DM and to 5.7855 
French francs from 5.7775 francs. _ 

But it slipped to close at 1.4608 S^ssfrm^down 
from 1.4625 francs. The pound rose to $1.6„60 from 

Thursday's 4 P J*. Close 

The top 300 most adtw stares, 
up to flte dodng on Wall Street 

TbaAssoaml Press. 





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Mov 97 2»w m w -sjj ajn 

Jul *7 IW’A WPb W» -gj 

Spo 47 787 281 W BH* - flk ZU B 

Dec 97 TXl'M 277ft 278ft — 3JJ W1.7M 

Morn 287 Mb ® 

W % & £ 

EsLsdes NA Wetfs. soles 60, 30? 

Wed's own int 334JB7 ofl 1177 


^"mS^SSs’' 7tos *«L30 un 

JWW mffl two 77.« *uo liw 

SwiW HL60 79 JO BOJO +BJD M V 

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wed's open mt 79.191 W 179 


FFSOCLOOO - ptsof 100 pd 
Jun 97 128.94 

. 12836 12862 +0J7216O^465 
Sep 97 i£c26 126.98 12766 +M2 M3J 
Sk 97 9654 9654 9662 +0JH 0 
Est. wluiTHK 123.926 . Open Int: 166704 oH 


0097 7465 7400 74» -4£ 26« 

DecW 7iHJ 74.94 75J0 — 645 23J95 

Mar 98 7670 7L0D 7635 -055 2.W 

May 98 7693 7655 7653 -062 07 

Est.sdes NA WWVMto 22.930 
Wed’S open W 71777 an 558 








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Ttandjy, April 24 

>V= r '• « 


105079 157 
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B45B3 50 



Mov 97 5695 5475 55.90 

+025 18.117 

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S*n»7 127.90 »27^0 177.12 —063 6911 

EsLudes 554791. Prev.^ 6M27 
^^klUlOOASS off 771 


100 ion*- doeurs ner Ion 

MOV 97 27420 27120 27100 *060 28200 

Jul77 27220 26860 27ILB0 *1.10 39 JO 

Aug 97 2A4J70 26120 2WJ0 *160 U.W 

S»97 24960 24620 24100 *160 7Jg 

OrI97 22860 225J0 22670 —0.10 7658 

21960 —Ml 15655 
EsLsdes NA Wetfs-sotes 1431 
Wed's open M 111621 i» 571 

JSTTw* 3«U« Mgj 

SEw^ 3443 3423 3CJ0 —060 TSJTJ 

Apg97 34630 34470 1453 -060 1U72 

Od 97 3403 3473 347.90 -060 6.23 

DK 97 3513 3503 m70 -03 21672 

cap an 3513 — 0.SU 4m 

156.10 -03 335 

JunW 358.90 3503 3503 -03 U» 

Site 1M00 Wed's. site 1DJ48 
Wed's open Ini I6JJ14 up 305 

MLOOCtos- cents dot to 
MOV 97 24.95 243 

JUI97 25.45 2105 

Aufl 97 253 £24 

Sep 97 253 253 

On 97 2170 2527 

Dec 97 2575 2565 

7465 -OOB 1934 
2532 -OBI <1641 
2S« 10JD7 

2553 — 0671 4J83 

2532 -0.03 *39 
2561 —005 17635 

Est. sales NA WWisotes 30J25 
WeiTsnPenW 101687 up 1111 


5,000 Du nwWmffh' cert* sw nutw 
MOV 97 848 BMW M7 

Jill 77 850 840V, Bffl 

Aug 97 S31 823 827% 

SCO 97 758 750 TMto. 

Ncv97 701 Vi 472 495 


M^U^ina 113.95 +038 IOT 

May 97 113.95 1113 112-35 1*» 

kin97 U2.0Q 11CL30 1HL55 fl i S 2a1/u 

MV7 1113 10*3 109.90 -a» 14^0 

Aug 97 108.15 1083 108.15 -03 9® 

Sea 97 1 07 JO 105.90 10670 -03 4647 

Oct 71 10570 —065 te 

jtoiw ,MJ0 -° J5 !S 

noc 77 10420 1033 103.70 —03 4JM9 

1503 wed's, sate 18JU 
Wed’s open W 50637 up 921 

jl maUan-HBWDlianpcJ- 

MOV 97 94.10 9407 

Jun 97 943 W-97 

Jul97 9392 933 

Sep 97 9174 9367 

Dec 97 9364 9137 

Mar 98 9131 9122 

Jun 98 911* 9110 
Sep 98 9110 93JJ1 

Dec 90 9100 9U1 
Mar 99 9199 92.91 

Jun 99 9194 923 

Sep 99 923 9185 

Ed. sales NA Wed's, vies 339,118 
Wed's open M 1578612 up 2532*49 

913 4?7 

W3 -001 37614 
9198 —003 481.153 
9188 —003 4,138 
9149 —0.04 <14692 
9139 -OO6 304J35 
9134 -004234J59 

9113 -0O4 2M649 
9103 -004 158623 
92.92 —007 130.548 
9193 -004 97.328 
9209 -004 80,933 
9264 -006 *2625 

JU97 54.10 5160 54.10 *0® 34^ 

Aug 97 5450 5195 543 403 1367D 

sSn 310 543 55.10 *03 7.m 

Oct 97 54.10 5565 54.10 *03 7J32 

Nov 97 543 543 SAW +0J7 7.141 

Dec 97 573 51(80 573 +83 11.978 

Jan 98 573 573 ^83 *-7W 

Est. sate NA Wed's, sales 28,919 
Wed'S open W 142J40 off 543 

| Standard & Poors 

prarttm Iter 

10* L» One 6*0 
lots 918.18 911.10 91132 9103 
579671 56456 57B60 574.93 
I 18408 1817D 18303 181J8 

B 8 &S B5.16 KJS 85.12 
77B.19 77150 77364 771.18 
76021 754J05 755 M 75426 




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1600 W*- dolto** per AM. 

Jun 97 2M4 19® 

MJBO pounds. I WPWJ.. 

Jun 97 16280 16158 1-4248 
Sep 97 16Z38 1.4158 16214 
Dec 97 16144 

EsLsate na Wed's, sales 1767B 

Wed's open 40.131 up M0S 

JK97 193 
Aug 97 193 
Sep 97 1966 

Oct 97 1975 

Nov 97 WAS 
Dec 97 1961 
Jon 98 1964 

Fed 98 193 
Mar 98 









203 +037 111614 

193 +034 51J2B 

19® +0.13 28,749 

193 *013 18664 

193 —005 15629 
193 -an 12686 
193 +03 31J74 

193 -007 1535 
193 -OOl OHO 
17J1 <622 




Est. sate NA wed'vvte 69617 
Wed's open Ir* <06633 UP B 70 

gst. sate NA Wetfs. sate 46641 
Wed’s ooen ini 181J9 ? up 98 

4 <h 32651 
3ft 83691 
IV. 7.103 
-1 <1654 


S600 bu n^VaTum-ar-tf* cwCnrtW 

ii/Tv 07 Aid 420 421a — ‘wYSi wu 

JSw So 425 42574 —10 56.JM 

c__ rjj aji 479 429ft —lift 11112 

« s S 4«ft -9ft 12694 

sites NA wetfs.sate21644 
WWSonenM 886*9 up 508 



Apr 97 4693 —3.10 i 

MV97 4713 4473 4493 -03 356« 

jun 97 471J0 — 130 2 

A497 47760 4723 474.10 -020 38,125 

to.97 4813 479-DO <793 -1]0 K™ 

Dec 97 4893 465 DO -3J0 4689 

Jcrffi 4893 — *10 17 

Mar 98 4943 49110 <94.10 -&M 4671 

Est. sate 3563 wed's, srtes 14.170 
Wed'S Open M *4.764 (rfT 1241 


Jun 97 35 JWJ 71® 

Sen 97 357 3 <0 J241 

Dec 97 394 378 378 

Est. sate NA Weffv sate 5.992 
Wee's noon M 8X383 off 11U 







APCJ7 W63 +13 4 

MJJ 3 3773 3713 3753 +160 12649 

Est. aides NA Wed's, sate 2.129 
Wed's open W 1W48 up « 

136600 morsj. 1 per mo* 

_k*i97 JW 3^ 

Sep 97 394 378 392 

^ sales na wed's, sate 17605 
Wed's open at 82^71 off 2793 





Ifllj flfl PyK— ttfft PW D- - _ try raut 

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□ec97 7060 OJB 4*® 03 8616 

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1U mil Pan ven. 1 per 100 yen 
Jun 97 6008 371 3» 

Sep 77 6114 6091 6096 

Dec 97 6215 6215 6715 

Est. sales NA Wed'S, sales 10,17* 
Wed's open int 85.13 up 2604 





I0JM0 mm Mu's. S par mm Hu 
Jui 97 11X 2JJS0 11» 

JLd 77 2.150 235 Z140 

Aug 97 2. »« Z®« 1158 

Sep 97 1150 2-tfSS 105 

Od97 Zlffl 1110 113 
Nov 97 2J55 Z225 12B 
Dec 77 230 2J» ZSO 

Jan 98 2.«e U70 2J90 

Feb 98 2J45 zm 2JO 
Mgr 98 2-HS 235 2240 

Est. s<4bs NA Wed's sales 99646 
Wed's dpbi int 193616 up 1288 


STemTST am *166 

— 403 613 -03 41.152 

59.95 60J5 *0.93 K2CT 

58.70 5965 +070 6ASS 

S7J5 583 +03 3674 

55.90 56A5 +03 235 

5X50 553 +03 1630 

Wltl 55 70 '03 M97 

EsLsate NA w«rs. sties 31.001 
Wed's open M 99634 up 1*47 

Jun 97 <1.90 
Ju)97 403 

Aug 97 5965 
Sen 97 5SJB 
Od97 5665 
NtW *7 553 
Dec 97 553 

Sr^lSJS) 1 ®* 1S7DJM 1S7160 
F&mrt 15W60 140060 11603ft 160460 



SOxW Bjs.- two* oe+ P- __ 

Apr 97 723 7262 -062 

MOV 97 723 7105 

AU097 753 75W 

Sop 97 75.45 75.10 

Oa97 7567 7545 

Nov 97 773 77. W 

__ 1653 

7L25 -A15 IW 

7i25 —027 6.772 

7L20 —03 'AD 

753 -0.15 2675 

77.15 —067 l.W 

Womens 237160 237100 735000 Z15960 

sEt 62060 62760 63560 63660 

FoSnud 635ft 63460 64160 64260 

SSr 1 734560 735560 734560 735S60 

746060 747060 746060 74703 

SMI 546560 569560 578060 gJWO 
^omtd 57360. 573560 31060 31560 



Jun 97 6892 6642 6887 

Sep 97 6956 6K4 354 

Dec 97 300 6988 7M0 

Est. sides NA WetTs. sties 1639 

wecrsopenM 47611 up bs 





UAttsflen^ metric Ion - lots of 100 tans 
Niffy 97 165.75 16150 164.75 +1J5 22674 
jErW 166-00 16460 16560 +0 .75 11347 
J ul 97 107 J5 16660 16f50 7.954 

Aug 97 16960 16660 16BJ0 +0.75 41M 
Se3l97 170.75 17060 17060 +0.75 ZVK 
OrtW I72J5 17260 17225 *0.75 X533 
Npv97 17460 173250 1733 +03 90 

Dec 97 174.75 17465 17465 +075 7^5 

gg 85 SS i£« 17150 rare ,7i«o .us ; uss 

92A8 nj* 92.S5 — OJO 40270 

sSw 9Z45 »14S -am 27.J3 BRENT OIL (IPS 

DecM 92J> 92J5 92J4 — 0 JJ 1 21.J13 UA doBare per barrel - Wso! 1600 bonds 

Mort» 923 922* -13 UM0 JuneW lfl ^3 1B6S 1861 +035 6&734 

S.S*8S 1,712 VWfcjate 3634 
Wed's open int 19615 off SO 

aWSSBTSSB 125700 125860 MM9 O VS - 5S ifiSa 1^7 SfcS S»9 

^ffrt 127WJ0 128060 128160 — ° 7 10 ’ ?n 1BW ,ilX 


8537 +042 

iS 1 ” His *o» m 

0jg97 8445 BZ6D 8110 +03 

S rim 75 J5 14.15 iff 

rvc97 7190 72.40 7135 +(W 2,919 

^Stales 1W48 wetfs.snl« 830 
Wed'sooenW 35607 up 12M 

aOJWibs.-cWttsof ® 

Mov 97 95.12 7US «.l* 

Jul97 9467 91.M M S 

Aug 97 91 J7 6968 90 

4JS5 Wed-LSdeS 4.154 
Wed's open W 737 up «0 

Ml LOW Ooso Chge Opted 3 -month euromark iuffh 

^ OMlmlBiail-rtSOlIlfflpd 

— — IUUH97 K.T. N.T. 96.76 UIK3L _4.I36 


+1W MM 
+ 360 3609 
+ 100 1603 


« 0 ^ 0,1 ££ t 91* -002 430 

»J0 ^ 9L» -O01 

TOftSante?' 1 W 1 * M 


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g;Ste NA wed's. sate 3433 
Wed'S ooen W 238694 UP IBS 












1L52 laao 18-55 +QJ0 15.130 
1858 1860 1863 +028 §324 
1850 1865 1866 +066 
I860 1859 1867 +0.K 
1862 1839 1862 +U2Q 7679 
I860 1843 1059 +0.18 7r*56 
Est. sales 29601 . Open bit: 170077 up 

Aug 97 
Sep 97 

Stock Indexes 

500 jt Injftp 

Jun 97 7853 77180 776.90 -33180^5 
Sea 77 793X0 78140 7B4«! -33 56H 
Dec 97 800.00 7993 7993 *33 W® 
Est. sate NA Wed'S, sate 74620 

Wed's open int 19032 off 1428 


10 metric tons- sue* Ion 
May 97 1440 MM 

jo) 97 1498 1® IS 

£a97 133 M79 1497 

130 1*4 1520 

S£» !52 !g 

96.74 9L75 9625 Uncta.214,14 
94.73 9674 WJ4 Until. 1672 

9472 96.70 9670 Uneh. 19M» 

9659 9656 9656 Uneh. 21661B 
9M4 9L46 9L41 UtKft.lM.285 
9437 9631 9432 UndL 141451 

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» Eurotimnel Seeks 
Debt-Plan Approval 
As Its Losses Narrow 



Bond Market Bets on the Euro 

Many New Issues Denominated in Common Currency 

PAGE 15 


QAX ' . 

LONDON — Eurotunnel, the op- 
of the Channel tunnel, ««h 
T hursday that its losses narrowed 26 
percent, to £685 million ($1.11 bil- 
hon) last year as the costs of ser- 
vicing its debt overw helmed a 71 
percent rise in revenue. 

The loss, which was widely ex- 
pected, comes as Eurotunnel seeks 
approval for a reorganization dot 
would see its creditor banks swap 
some of its £9 billion in debt for a 
45.5 percent equity stake, saving it 
from bankruptcy. Three quarters of 
a million individual shareholders 
currently hold about 90 percent of 
the equity. 

Eurotunnel said it would ask for 
clearance from shareholders at a 

Laura Ashley 
Trims Forecast 
For Earnings 

Bloomberg News 

LONDON — Laura Ashley 
Holdings PLC shares fell 28 
percent on Thursday after the 
retailer said profit would fall 
below expectations because of- 
“overly aggressive” sales tar- 
gets and delays in opening ILS. 

Maricdowns on clothing wifl 
hurt revenue in the first half of 
the fiscal year, which meant, 
the company said, that annual 
profit “will fall below amen t 
market expectations.” 

For the year to January 1998, 
analysts had been forecasting a 
profit of about £24 miltion. 

The warning comes as I^nra 
Ashley, a purveyor of clothing 
and home furnishings, tries to 
rebuild after the popularity of its 
English country-style wares. 

The retailer’s chief execu- 
tive, Arm Iverson, said the 
“business just was not ready” 
for a planned U.S. expansion. 

Laura Ashley stock fell 41 
pence to 104 pence. 

meeting in Paris on July 10, and 
from its 225 creditor hanks in die 


“ft’s all to play for now — the 
next few months are the absolute 
critical period for Eurotunnel said 
Jeff Summers, an analyst with 
Klescb & Gx, a London-based com- 
pany that trades the debt of dis- 

Shareholders said it was too early 
to say whether they would support 
the plan. They said the vote is sched- 

uled only weeks after the tunnel will 
reopen for full services — it has 
been closed to track traffic follow- 
ing a fire in November. The lack of 
freight traffic it difficult to 

estimate profits. 

Eurotimnel said that in die event 
the plan is not amoved by share- 
holders, ‘‘the banks would be en- 
titled to exercise their right to sub- 

“It's a huge gamble,” said Chris- 
tian Cambier, the head of the largest 
group of shareholders, die 3.000- 
strong Association pour l'Action 

Mr. Cambier and other advocate 
groups could potentially block the 
reorganization. At die annual meet- 
ing last year, they accounted for a 
third of the votes cast — enough to 
block a debt agreement, which re- 
quires two-thirds approval. 

Mr. Cambier said shareholders 
want the French and British gov- 
ernments to extend EnrotnnneTs 
concession to operate the tunnel be- 
yond 2052, grving the company 
mare time to dig itself out of its 

The Eurotunnel rfwtrman 
Patrick Pansolle, said the company 
wasmaking “progress” in talks that 
have been held with the govern- 
ments gh ye October. 

Eurotunnel posted a £33 milli on 
oper atin g loss before interest, tax 
and depredation, mostly because of 
higher costs in running its duty-free 
business and one-time provisions 
for cutting jobs. The operating loss 
was down from £192 million in 
1995. Revenue rose to £483 million, 
from £299 milli on, including a £33 
million payment from its insurers to 
compensate far business lost after 
the November fire. 

(Bloomberg, AP, Reuters) 

Bloomberg News 

LONDON — The euro, 
destined to be Europe’s main unit 
of exchange if the common cur- 
rency is introduced on schedule in 
1999, is already becoming a reality 
in the international bond market 

A wide range of borrowers, in- 
cluding Austria, die European In- 
vestment Bank. Siemens AG and 
Italy, have sold bonds that will auto- 
matically make interest and prin- 
cipal payments in euros after 1999. 

“Everyone is trying to buy 
erao-denominated bonds because 
they are sexy,” said Philippe Ko- 
gler, head of debt capital markets 
at Crediianstalt-Bankverem in Vi- 

More than $6.7 billion worth of 
bonds guaranteeing repayment in 
euros in one way or another have 
gone on sale since JJP. Morgan, 
which invented the concept, 
brought the first issue to market on 
Jan. 13. 

That bond, a 5 billion French 
franc ($864 million) seven-year is- 
sue for Austria, can be merged 

after 1999 with an existing Aus- 
trian domestic bond, creating one 
issue deno minated in euros. 

International borrowers are po- 
sitioning themselves to take ad- 
vantage of the three-year transition 
period after 1999 that the 
Maastricht treaty on economic and 
monetary union gives finan cial 
markets to shift payments into the 
new currency. 

Some borrowers, such as 
France, say they will switch to 
paying in euros from day one. Oth- 
ers, though, will be free to make 
payments in the old national cur- 
rencies during the force-year grace 
period if they like. The new bonds 
are aimed at bond buyers who want 
the assurance that they will start 
getting paid in euros immediately. 

“In toms of the legal nitty 
gritty, I don’t think it makes a lot of 
difference,” said George John- 
ston, the sovereign credit analyst at 
BZW. “For some investors, it 
does provide an extra element of 
reassurance, and if more and more 
issuers start doing it, bonds which 

don’t have tins sort of language 
might be looked on as lacking 

Earlier this month, Creditanstalt 
managed the sale of ! billion 
schillings (S83 million) in seven- 
year Eurobonds for Argentina, 
which will make payments m euros 
from 1999. Kogler at Creditanstalt 
said the buyers for that issue were 
retail investors in Europe. 

The European Investment 
Bank, one of foe bond market's 
most active supporter s of the euro, 
has even sold a sterling bond that 
guarantees payment will switch to 
euros in foe event that Britain joins 
a common European currency. 

More bonds are on the way. 
Spain has said it plans to sell 1.5 
billion European currency units 
($1.7 billion) of 10-yearbonds that 
will automatically pay interest in 
euros after 1999. 

Next week, Brazil plans to raise 
foe equivalent of $570 million by 
selling five-year bonds denomin- 
ated m three different European 

'N D J F M *A 
1996 1997 

Exchange . 

Brussels \ 



. AEX<- ; ’ 

i/Qftgba .. 

FTSE 100 Index CACAO 1 
4400 A-t- 2850 

4300 \r r m 

4200 f- — 2550 -j 

4100 2400 -t4 


3900 N D J ’ F M A m !TDT~ 
1996 1997 ' 1996 

at tjuitsday * Ffov, 

Close' ..:Otese * 
*63.16 V TWtW' 

1996 1997 

22234B 3,335 *3 . -025 | 

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HOC Genes* ' 
■€WC r T W 

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CAC40-- .v. 

r.;SXl g v • * ” '■} 

[Z Uridt'- ' , V ■ 

Source: Telekurs 

I ' pBMAt Z$5l£t- +L15 
' <804.1* • ■ 8)7 AO : -054 

SQ*m = : 504 *L. ■ • t 0 . 1 t 
reft? : • i2ga, ' a£ 

■ V, .&S3&B3 2^33.64 ' +0,24 
73^68.. ^^5 
l . f- '* -i&M 

. 7 ,.'+555 

iDtcmauontl Herald Tribune 

Glaxo Sells U.S. Rights to Drug 

Ca^Ool by ChrSn&Fnm D u pW tha 

LONDON — Glaxo Wellcome 
PLC said Thursday it has licensed 
US. rights to Zantac, its biggest- 
seQing drag, to Novopbarm Inc. 
after losing a protracted legal battle 
with the Canadian drug company. 

Glaxo said it sold Novopharm foe 
rights to sell a generic version of the 
drug used to treat ulcers beginning 
July 10, which is 16 days prior to foe 
expiration of one U.S. patent for the 

drug. That gives Novopharm a bead 
start on other drugmakers who 
might wish to market a generic ver- 
sion of the ulcer drug. 

Novopharm won foe right this 
year to produce a generic version of 
Zantac after a federal court ruled 
against Glaxo, which is based in 
London. Glaxo maintained that it 
was protected from generic com- 
petition from a second Zantac patent 
that expires in 2002. 

Glaxo said foe licensing agree- 
ment would allow it “to realize ad- 
ditional profits” from the drug. 

Glaxo already markets an over- 
the-counter version of Zantac in the 
United States and other markets. 
The drug generated £1.93 billion 
($3.13 billion) in 1996, or 23 per- 
cent of Glaxo's revenue. As part of 
foe agreement, Glaxo will not pur- 
sue additi onal legal claims against 
Novopharm. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 

Strong Pound Pummels ICI Profit 

Bloomberg News 

LONDON — Imperial Chemical Industries PLC 
saidThursday that its first-quarter pretax profit dropped 
69 percent as the strong pound reduced revenue from 
overseas sales and as oil prices rose. 

Britain's bi gg est chemical company said first- 
quarter pretax profit dropped to £70 million ($1 14 
million) from £723 million a year ago. 

Oil is a major raw material for chemical makers, so a 

sharp rise in price can affect earnings quickly. 

"These are disastrous results ax id the outlook fw the 
rest of foe year is for little improvement,” said Peter 
Blair, an analyst with Salomon Brothers. Mr. Blair and 
other analysts slashed earnings forecasts by around 15 
percent for this year and next. 

Shares in ICI dropped 22 pence to 700 pence. 

Ronnie Hampel, lCTs chairman, said foe rising value 
of foe pound cut profit by about £40 million. 

Very brief lys 

• Germany's tax reform may be delayed, with cuts in cor- 
porate taxes foe government had sought for 1 998 included in a 
broader tax-reform package planned for 1999. foe Christian 
Democratic Union’s parliamentary leader, Wolfgang 
Schaeuble. said after the collapse of talks on foe issue with foe 
opposition Social Democrats. 

• France said it had reached an agreement with Cuba on 
trade, and that the accord on “reciprocal protection and 
promotion of investments” would be signed Friday in Paris. 
The details of the pact were not disclosed. 

• Vickers PLC said foe strong pound and weak auto-parts 
markets would probably result in declining profit in foe first 
half. Vickers earned £3 1.8 million ($51.6 million} in foe same 
period last year. 

• Hie Bank of Russia cut its lombard rate, foe rate charged 
banks for loans collateralized by securities, to 36 percent from 
42 percent, effective April 28. in a move that analysts saw as 
confirmation that foe government and central bank were well 
positioned to bring down the domestic cost of borrowing. 

• Britain's Investment Management Regulatory Organiza- 
tion said it had fined Invesco Asset Management £60,000 for 
breaches of foe rules on dealing with client money. Invesco 
said that it had reported the infractions to IMRO as soon as 
they came to light and that none of its clients had lost any 

• Statoil, Norway’s state-owned oil and gas company, said 
first-quarter net profit rose to 1.4 billion kroner ($198.9 
million), up almost 17 percent from a year ago, as oil prices 

• Interbrew SA, foe privately held Belgian brewer whose 

brands include Stella Artois, Oranjeboom and Rolling Rock, 
said net profit rose 1 8 percent in 1 996, to 4.07 billion Belgian 
francs ($1 14.9 million), as subsidiaries maintained or ex- 
panded market Share. Reuim, Bloomberg. AP 


PAGE 16 




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='-i "ackagti 

Posts Huge 
Net Loss 

TOKYO — Nomura Securities 
Co. posted Thursday a huge net loss 
for the latest financial year after in- 
cumng a hefty one-time charge from 
the bailout of a troubled subsidiary. 

But Japan’s biggest securities 
firm said its current profit, which is 
similar to Operating profit, jumped 
as income increased from bond trad- 
ing and wKierwriting. 

Nomura, mired in a scandal over 
alleged payments to racketeers, said 
it had a parent net loss of 271.51 
billion yen ($2. 1 5 billion) in the year 
ended March 31, compared with a 
profit of 23J billion yen in the pre- 
vious year. This largely reflects a 
special loss of 371 billion yen as a 
result of aid to Nomura Finance Co., 
the troubled financial affiliate. 

Nomura Securities recorded a par- 
ent current profit of 124.19 trillion 
yen for the year, up 36 percent from 
the previous year. Currenr profit is 
before tax and includes game and 
losses made c® investments. 

On a group basis. Nomura posted 
a net loss of 91.07 billion yen, com- 
pared with a profit of 81.27 billion 
yen the year before. 

Last month, Nomura said two of 
its directors were involved in sus- 
pected illegal deals where money 
was moved to the account of a client 
linked ro the Japanese underworld. 
Nomura cm Monday announced that 
its president and 15 board members 
would resign May 1 to take respon- 
sibility for the scandal. 

Japanese media reports say the 
authorities could suspend some of 
Nomura' s operations for about three 

Do China Figures Hide a Slowdown? 

By Philip Bowring 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

HONG KONG — - China’s eco- 
nomic data are becoming ever 
more difficult to interpret. On the 
face of recently released numbers. 
Beijing has achieved a very soft 
landing. But the details suggest that 
key sectors are performing much 
worse than had been assumed. 

According to first-quarter data, 
gross domestic product grew at a 


9.4 percent annual rate, inflation fell 
to the low single digits and the trade 
account showed a huge surplus. 
Many foreign brokerages forecast 
char the economy could return to 
double-digit growth this year. 

But the performance of major 
enterprises casts doubt on the ac- 
curacy of the overall figures and 
clearly indicates that growth will 
have to slow if massive inventory . 
buildups and huge excess capacity 
in many industries are to be purged 
from the system. Meanwhile, the 

stimulate consumer ^demand 
through further monetary easing. 

Some macroeconomic numbers 

sit uneasily with the microeconomic 
ones. Take electricity consumption: 
It rose only 3.4 percent in the first 
two months of the year — less than 
half the rate of industrial output. In 
countries at China's stage of de- 
velopment, power usage usually 
mows at least 20 percent faster than 
GDP. Is China using power so ef- 
ficiently that its economy can grow 
twice as fast as power usage? 

A survey of 5,000 large enter- 
prises late last year found that sales 

g owth had slowed to 3 percent. 

at inventory rose 10 percent in 
monetary terms in 1996 after a 
similar gain in 1995. It now stands 
at 31 percent of annual sales. 

This gap between production and 
sales growth exists even though ca- 
pacity utilization in such key sectors 
as textiles, autos and consumer dur- 
ables is only around 50 percent- The 
ratio of profitable-to- unprofitable 
staie enterprises continues to fall. 

Large enterprises are known as 
the weakest part of the economy. 
Agricultural growth has been 
buoyant, enabling food prices to 
stabilize. Township, small-scale 
and foreign-funded enterprises sti 11 
grow at double-digit levels, ac- 
cording to the official figures. But 
even the trade data suggest the 

How Soft a Landing? 

economy overall could be much 
weaker than the 9.4 percent growth 
figure suggests. 

Imports fell marginally in the first 
quarter. Even allowing for the im- 
pact of a stronger dollar, this reflects 
lack of demand for investment and 
intermediate goods. Meanwhile, a 
25 percent surge in exports indicates 
that companies have pushed exports 
to contain inventory growth. While 
fust-quarter 1996 exports were low 
because of one-off factors such as 
the Taiwan Strait crisis, exports are 

healthy by any measure. 

Essentially China is suffering 
from excess capacity. The prob- 
lems of state enterprises are not just 
a legacy of communism. They are 
due to ill-considered investment, 
particularly in products that only 
an urban elite can afford, and un- 
willingness to face market reality 
by cutting output. 

The authonties would like to 
stimulate demand, and diene has 
been pressure for further monetary 

But with money growth around 
20 percent and rising in real terms 
as inflation falls, there is scant 
scope to do so. Further relaxation 
could reignite inflation, or lead to 
another surge of stock market spec- 

The containment of inflation — 
which now stands at between 2 
percent and 5 percent, depending 
on the measure — as well as the 
inventory build-up, capacity ex- 
cess, trade and power data all point 
to lower growth that should even- 
tually be reflected in the GDP num- 
bers regardless. 

Like other countries in Asia, 
China is finding that investment is 
a means to profit and consumption, 
not an end in itself. 

Investor’s Asia 

Tokyo 1 



N D J F M A 
1896 1997 

Eacfeansje ' ••• Index 
-Ha^'kbng;' 'Haj«gSeng : 

Thursday Puri. ■ % ; 
Close Close Change 

' 12,726.83 12.707.Q4 +0.T6 

Singappro ' / ' Shafts Times . 

£474.711 2,47230 +0.10 

18,696.07 18.735.47 -GJ3D 

Kuala IjampwCompftsite ‘ 

1,096,53 1,109.60 -i:ia 

BartfWfc;.. .■■■SgT 

. -S8M2 . €89.79 AigO 

€8080 69345 : -052 

» 2,90653 2,91356- -0425 

:692&& . 651.45 +0.23 

3£Q5J2 3,82839 -0.61 

Source: Telekurs 

ImenuUioaal Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Toyota Sets a Share Buyback of 100 Billion Yen 

months as a penalty. 
“Overall, Wines 

less conditions are 

A expected to be very severe through 
7 the year to March 1998,” said 
Takamichi Arata, director of 
Nomura's finance division. 

(Reuters, AFP) 

Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — Toyota Motor Corp., 
flush with profits, announced 
Thursday a record full-year di- 
vidend and a second share buyback 
program worth up to 300 billion yen 
($793 million). 

“We have very strong profits for 
this year,” said Keith Truelove, a 
Toyota spokesman. “We hope to 
return some of our profits to share- 

Japan's largest automaker said it 
would pay a dividend of 13 yen in 
the second half ended in March, for a 

full-year payment of 22 yen. That is 
Toyota's highest frill-year dividend 
since the company's sales and man- 
ufacturing arms merged in 1982. 

Toyota also said it would pur- 
chase up to 100 billion yen of its 
own shares, subject to shareholder 
approval in June. 

The automaker bought back its 
own shares for the first tune ever last 
year with a purchase of 100 billion 
yen worth of shares between July 
and March. 

The share price closed up at 90 
yen at 3,530 yen on Thursday. 

Toyota estimated it would pay an 
average of 3.400 yen per share, 
which would allow it to buy 29 
million shares. Thai would be 0.8 
percent of the company's 3.8 billion 
outstanding shares. 

“The percentage is so low," said 
Chikao Masuzawa. an analysi at Sa- 
lomon Brothers Asia Ltd., referring 
to the buyback. Since the share price 
will probably rise, Toyota will end 
up buying fewer than 29 million 
snares, Mr. Masuzawa said. 

Reducing die number of out- 
standing shares increases earnings 

per share and raises return on equity. 
Japanese companies face little pres- 
sure to return profits to shareholders 
in Japan, however, where share- 
holders rights are weak. 

■ Mazda’s U.S. Sales Drop 

Mazda Motor Corp.’s said that its 
U.S. sales fell 1 6.6 percent in the year 
ended March 31, to 226,000 

Mazda, the smallest of Japan's 
top five automakers, expects sales to 
rise in the year through March 1998, 
he said. 

• Softbank Corp. said its group pretax profit jumped 94 
percent in the year ended in March from a year ago, to 27.9 
billion yep ($225 million), with revenue rising in all divisions. 
The publisher and software developer said its consolidated 
sales soared 1 10 percent, to 359.7 billion yen. 

• Indonesia’s Busang mine gold deposits have been tested by 
experts, a Western mining source said. The Busang deposits 
have been hailed by the small Canadian company Bre-X 
Minerals Ltd. as the discovery of century. The tests were 
carried out by Sfirathcona Mineral Services Ltd. and results 
are due at the beginning of May. 

• Monte de Piedad & Savings Bank, one of Asia's oldest 
banks, partly owned by the local Catholic Church, has de- 
clared a bank holiday to stop a run of withdrawals while it tries 
to solve its financial woes, officials said. The Philippine 
central bank said it had allowed the bank to indefinitely 
suspend transactions at about 30 branches nationwide. 

• Royal Dutch/Shell Group has split its worldwide coal 
operations into a separate division, to be called Shell Coal, 
worth up to 2 billion Australian dollars ($1 .6 billion) to be 
based in Brisbane. 

• China’s steel output totaled 25.43 million metric tons in the 

first quarter, up 5.4 percent from a year earlier, the official 
China Daily reported. aFP.aP 

Banks to Auction Off Hanbo Steel 


SEOUL — Creditor banks of South 
Korea's Hanbo Steel & General Con- 
struction Co. plan to put the bankrupt 
company up for sale through a public 
auction, officials at Korea First Bank 
said Thursday. 

‘ ‘We plan to sell Hanbo-Steel through 
a public auction because that appears to 
be the best way,” an executive ai the 
bank said. “But no time schedule has 
been set for the auction.” 

The officials said if the first auction 
fails to find a new owner, the creditor 

banks would hold other auctions. 

One executive said that if that ap- 
proach did not succeed, “we'll seek a 
third-party takeover of Hanbo Steel 
through private negotiations with in- 
terested parties.” 

Hanbo Steel, the flagship of Hanbo 
Group, became insolvent in January 
after piling up $5.8 billion in debt. 

■ Savoy Presses a Hostile Bid 

The Seoul-based Savoy Hotel moved 
closer to completing South Korea’s first 
hostile takeover by malting a tender of- 

fer to secure a majority stake in New Star 
Trading Co., a maker ofgarments. 

The Savoy Hotel offered to buy 
further 25.3 percent of New Star’s 
shares from May 6 to May 25 at 62,500 
won ($70.03) each. That would take 
Savoy's stake in New Star to 50 percent 
from 24.7 percent. 

New Star fell 4,900 won, to 57,200 on 
news of the offer. 

New Star is currently held by the 
family of its president, Kim Hong Kun, 
who had a combined stake of 2926 
percent as of April 15. 

STOCKS: A Failed Client Haunts a Powerhouse of Wall Street 

Continued from Page 13 

iial. Customers routinely 
complained about what they 
called unauthorized trades 
and sales nusrepresenxatians, 
according to filings by the 
SEC and the National Asso- 
ciation of Securities Dealers, 
civil lawsuits and arbitration 
claims filed as early as 1993. 

In 1995, the securities deal- 
ers association accused Baron 
of manipulating the market 
for two stock issues; the 
brokerage paid $1.5 million 
to settle the charges, without 
admitting or denying wrong- 

doing. Amid this upheaval, a 
Baron partner asked the bead 
of Bear’s clearing subsidiary, 
Bear Steams Securities Corp., 
to process the firm's business. 
Only three days after the 
NASD settlement. Bear took 
more than 3,000 Baron ac- 
counts onto its books. 

Amid mounting losses, 
Baton regularly sought cap- 
ital infusions. Regulators 
found “evidence of an on- 
going pattern and practice of 
fraudulent, unauthorized trad- 
ing in die accounts of Baron 
customers,” according to an 
affidavit by an SEC official. 

The SEC filed charges 
against Baron last May, but 
on July 3, two days before a 
commission hearing, the 
film's three partners filed for 

That put Baron into the 
hands of the Securities In- 
vestor Protection Corp., the in- 
dustry fund that insures insolv- 
ent brokers’ client accounts. It 
also left individual creditors 
holding an empty bag. 

cera^Snancial distress and 
client outrage. Bear never 
clearing Baron's 

‘ ‘None of the regulators ac- 
ted to stop Baron's business 
until the middle of 1996,” the 
Bear spokeswoman said. * ‘nor 
did the regulators advise us of 
die information they had." 

The fallout from the Baron 
collapse, marry lawyers 
agree, could clarify the duties 
of clearing brokers and in- 
crease the riskiness of their 
business. If increased risk 
prompts clearing brokers to 
became more discriminating 
— and more expensive — 
smaller brokerage firms like 
Baron would find it more dif- 
ficult to set up shop. 

CHANGE: Toronto’s New Era 

Continued from Page 13 

Toronto Stock Exchange, 
grams written 20 years 
told the computer to re- 
f ail transactions of a par- 
lor stock with every new 
isactioo, without eati- 
ng previous ones. 

"he glitch had never been 
rovered because volume 
i single stock had never 
:hed the degree of Bre-X's 
tdown, in which the stock 
more than 80 percent of 
value. While the average 
aber of transactions in one 
:k rarely exceed 300 a day, 
■g were about 22)00 trans- 
ons in Bre-X when the 
tpmer first started to 
jt. and more than 4,500 
:n it gave out- 
)n Wednesday, on the last 
of floor trading. Bre-X 
in created astir, as 17 mil- 
shares changed hands 
the price jumped 51 per- 

cent after the company re- 
leased more drilling results 
riist, if accurate, could indi- 
cate the presence of a big find. 
But analysts questioned the 
results because they had not 
been independently con- 

Frederick Ketcheo, head of 
trading at a Toronto broker- 
age firm, Scotia McLeod, and 
former president of the stock 
exchange from 1993 to 1995, 
said the fumble last month 
over Bre-X at first made him 
wary of a completely com- 
puterized system. He later re- 

Rowland Fleming, the 
president of the Toronto ex- 
change, said that technicians 
had corrected the software 
flaw. However, the old com- 
puter and software program 
that failed will continue to be 
used until January, when the 
advanced system of the Paris 
Bourse is put into operation. 


The undersigned announces that in accordance 
with the decision of the Annual General Meeting of 
Shareholders held on Thursday, April 24, 1997, the 
dividend for the Financial Year 1996 has been set- 
tled at US$ 0,50 per share of nominal f 50,- each. 
The dividend distribution is subject to 25% dividend 
withholding tax. 

The dividend will be paid as from May 7, 1997 at 
the office of ABN AMRO Bank N.V., Foppingadreef 
22, Amsterdam and Banque de Neuflize, 
Schlumberger, Mallet SA, 3, Avenue Hoche, Paris. 

Holders of CF-shares will receive their dividend 
through the intermediary of the institutions where 
the dividend sheets were in custody on April 24, 
1997 at office closing time. 

Amsterdam, April 24, 1997 


ABN AMRO-NSM International Funds 
Management B.V. 


national Foreign Exchange Corporation 


and |hrrERNET:VvWWJrtAUU.on 

>r information package & free daily newsletter 

For further details 
on bow to place your listing contact: 
Julian STAPLES in London 
TeL- (44) 1 71 836 4802 
Fax: (44) 171 2403417 

toe wa cure 04m' NcirafttpEH 

| Safra Republic Holdings S.A. 


NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN by the Board of Directors of the Company that the Annual and an Extraordinary 

General Meeting of Shareholder* of SAFRA REPUBLIC HOLDINGS SA. CSRH") will be held at the Hotel RcnaL 12. 

Boulevard Royal. Luxembourg, 

on May 14, 1997 at 11:00 a-m. 

for the purpose of considering and voting on the following matters: 

I. Annual General Meeting 

1. Chairman's Statements 

2. Auditors' Reports 

3. Approval of the statutory annual accounts of the Company for the year ended December 31 . 1996 

-i. Approval of the consolidated financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31. 1996 

5. Discharge of the Directors concerning their duties relative to the year ended December 31. 1996 

6. Approval of the reduction by USD 4.124,1 10 of the special reserve for treasury shares 

Approval of the proposed distribution of a dividend of USD 4.50 per share (USD 2.25 after the stock split) 
and carrying forward of the balance of the profit, and approval of May 31, 1997 as dividend payment date 

8. Re-election of the Board of Directors and of the Auditors for a new one year term. All the Directors are eli- 
gible and stand for reelection 

9. Authorization to the Board of Directors to allow the Company to purchase up to 10% of shares in open mar- 
ket transactions to be held in treasury 

IL Extraordinary General Meeting 

1 . Split of the Company’s stock by exchange of one existing share with a par value of USD 5 per share for two 
new shares with a par value of USD 2.50 per share, thus increasing the number of authorized shares to 
400.000.000 and the number of issued shares from 17.8? 1.012 to 35,662,024. the issued share capital remai- 
ning unchanged. The splJr shall be effective on May 31. 1997 

2. Determination of the authorized share capital at USD 1.000.000,000 

3. Authorization of the Board of Directors to issue from time to time shares our of the total authorized shares, 
at such times and on such terms and conditions including the issue price as the Board may in its discretion 
resolve without reserving any preemptive rights to the then holders of shares, during a five year period to 
expire on the fifth anniversary of the publication of the resolution of the general meeting held on May 14. 
1997 in the Memorial. Recueil des Societes et Associations 

4. Amendment of Article 5 of the Articles of Incorporation to reflect resolutions II. 1 to 11.3 above 

5. Deletion of Article 17 of the Articles of Incorporation with consequential renumbering of Articles 18 to 30 
of the Articles of Incorporation 

The Board of Directors 


Any shareholder whose shares are in bearer form and who 
wishes Jo attend the Annual and the Extraordinary General 
Meeting (the "Meeting" ) must produce a depository receipt or 
present lies share certificates to gain admission. 

A shareholder wishing to be represented ai the Meeting 
must lodge a proxy, duly completed, together with a depository 
receipt at the registered offices of SRH at 32. boulevard Royal, 
Luxembourg, not later than May 12. 1997 ax 5 pan. Tire share- 
holder may obtain the depository receipt and. if required, the 
form of proxy, from any of the banks Used below by lodging the 
share cvrtificaxes at their offices or by arranging for the hank by 
whom his certificates are held to notify any of the banks Hsted 
that shares are so heJd. 

Any shareholder whose shares are registered wiD receive a 
notice of the Meeting at his address on the register, together with 
a form of proto for use at the Meeting. The proxy should be lod- 
ged at SRH's registered office in accordance with the above Ins- 

The remittance of the form of prrrxv will not preclude a 
shareholder from an ending in person and voting at the Meeting 
if he so desires. 

All the resolutions covered by the Agenda for the Annual 
General Meeting may be passed by a simple majorin' of all shares 
represented at the Meeting. 

All the resolutions covered by the Agenda for the 
Extraordinary General Meeting may be passed by a majority of 
two third of aD shares represented at the Meeting. 

Shareholders may obtain copies of the documentation lis- 
ted befow: 

1. This notice 

2. The Chairman's Statements 
3- The Auditors' Reports 

•i. The statutory annual accounts and the consolidated financial 
statements of SRH for the year ended December 31. 1996 
at SRH's registered office and from any of the hanks at the follo- 
wing addresses- 

* Union Bank of Sw itzerla nd, Bahnhofctnisse 4y. 8021 Zurich 
’ Union de Banques Stosses (Luxembourg) SA. 36-38, Grarxf-Rttc. ItioO Luxembourg 
■ Republic National Bank of New York, 30 Monument Street. London EC3R 8NB 
’ Republic National Bank of New York (Suisse) S.A.. 2, place du Lac. 1 30-i Geneva 
Republic National Bank of New York (.Suisse) SA.. Via Canova 1 . 6900 Lugano 
Republic National Bank of New York rStdssc) SA. ftuudeplatz 4. 8022 Zurich 
* Republic National Bank of New York (Luxembourg) SA.. 32, boulevard RoyaL 2449 Luxembourg 
Republic National Bank of New Yorit (France! SjL. 20, place I’enddme. 75O0I Paris 
Republic National Bank of New York (Monaco) SA . I>1 7 . avenue d'Ostendc. 98000 Monaco 
Republic National Bank of New York (Guernsey) Lid, Rue efu Pre, St. Peter Port. Guernsey. Channel Islands 
Republic National Bank of New York (.Gibraltar) Lrd, Neptune House. Marina Bay. Gibraltar 

• Pajing Agents of Sofia Republic Holdings SA. 

PAGE 18 



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PAGE 20 



S 'X' 

... oriES* 

A New Breed 
Of Franchisees 



Pluses and Minuses 

Corporate types are now running franchises. 

ontinuing its phenom- 
enal growth, the fran- 
chising industry in die 

velopment at Steamatic, a 
commercial cleaning service, 
has seen a surge of corporate 



United States accounts for executives who have either 
more than 600,000 units, em- been downsized or feel that 

ploys 8 million people and 
generates more than two- 
fifths of all retail sales, or 
S802 billion annually, ac- 
cording to the International 
Franchise Association. The 

they are stagnating in their 
current situations. “They 
have good credit, so they can 
borrow money.” Mr. BeVier 
says. “They’re looking to get 
into the service sector." 


country is still the center of Sometimes, however, these 
the franchise industry, with corporate refugees, despite 

Is franchising right for you? The International Franchising Association lists the 
advantages and challenges of owning a franchise. 

Advantages ,. 

• The franchiser can impart its years of experience and proven nrocess of 

saving much of the time and money normally spent in the tnal-and P 

starting a new business. . _ . - 

• A good franchiser will provide complete training to the franchisee. . . 

• Franchisers provide a proven brand name and ad campaigns. Fran 

geographic area can band together to purchase joint advertising. . _ nH - 

• The franchiser provides ongoing research and development on new p 

• Franchisees support and assist each other in a collegial atmosphere of idea sharing. 

more than 90 percent of the their skills and easy access to 
world's leading franchise credit, fail to grasp the dif- 

sy stems. The typical profile 
of a U.S. franchisee as a hard- 
working entrepreneur still 
holds true, but a growing 
number of managers and oth- 
er refugees from the corpo- 
rate world are changing the 
overall nature of the in- 

Honest passion 
“We have many different 
types of franchise partners, 
from ‘mom and pop' owners 
to large international con- 
glomerates and even the U.S. 
government,” says Michelle 
Weese, a spokesperson for 
AFC Enterprises, the parent 
company of Churchs Chick- 
en and Popeyes Chicken & 
Biscuits. Like other fran- 
chises, AFC looks for in- 
vestors with good financial 
records (particularly the abil- 
ity to obtain loans) and op- 
erational skills. 

For IFA President Don 
DeBolL the main criterion is 

ficutties of owning their own 
business, says Mr. DeBolf. 

New Horizons Computer 
Learning Centers’ fran- 
chisees come from a “mixed 
bag” of corporate and en- 
trepreneurial backgrounds, 
according to Chief Executive 
Officer Chuck Flinch. 
“Some are out of corporate 
America, frustrated in a large 
company, wanting to try their 
hand at running a business,'* 
he says. 

Prospective New Hori- 
zons franchisees spend at 
least an entire day at the cor- 
porate office in California 
being interviewed by a 
gauntlet of executives. “At 
die end of the day. we write 
out an evaluation form,” Mr. 
flinch says. “If one exec- 
utive thinks the guy's not go- 
ing to make it, that's all it 
takes to block the sale. It's a 
mating dance.” Mr. Minch is 
not interested in absentee- 
owners; he prefers owner-op- 

llJliiS i 





• Independently minded people who dislike working within a system or following 
directions will have difficulty conforming to a franchiser’s dictates. 

• A franchise may lessen the risk, but as in any new business, fee risks are stiff toere 

• Like a marria g e, a franchise is legally bin ding and can last forever. It is up to me 

potential franchisee to talk to other owners, investigate the company and visit the 
headquarters before making a commitment. _ 

• Some franchisees expect instant success. The franchiser sboukFpaint a picture ot 

realistic expectations. _ . 

• For those with little experience man aging a business, r unnin g a franchise can be a 
tremendous burden. 

•.i'ri Ajxhi 
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•/•V -■tfrifc "' — £ - 

■ -Ui sCt- 


.ii;d KV>MIR|L. 

Making It With a Little 
Help From Uncle Sam 

The government is helping franchisers expand abroad. 

rev* I m4 


r:" it Mwil.- 



m *« *B*m* 

Wfvc -,■**» : gNftffe. 

U .S. franchisers look- 
ing to expand abroad 
can take advantage of 
several p rograms being 
offered by their government 
After years of a hands-off 
attitude, embassies and trade 
missions are now actively 
courting franchisers. 

The U.S. Commerce De- 
partment’s International 
Trade Administration helps 
franchisers find appropriate 
markets through various in- 
formation services, trade 
promotions and trade nego- 

ITA’s country specialists, 
industry specialists and the 
National Trade Data Bank 
provide franchising informa- 
tion on 100 markets. Another 
program, the Gold Key Ser- 
vice, helps U.S. companies 
find the right contacts in each 

“a real honest passion about erarors. Although interest in 
the franchise business selec- computers is a plus, it is not 

ted.” If people aren't proud 
of their business, be says, 
they won't succeed After 
that franchisers look for the 
ability “to accept risk, en- 
trepreneurial spirit a ‘can- 
do* attitude, people skills and 

as essential for the owner as 
for the staff. 

Looking for strength 
Often, franchises look for an 
individual or corporation to 
buy a master license, which 

a willingness to work long covers a specific geographic 
and hard hours to make it in a territory. Tilden For Brakes 

sweat-equity business.” 
Downsizing has displaced 

Car Care Centers, a New 
York regional company, re- 

middle managers who have cently decided to franchise 
strong corporate experience its concept nationally. Pres- 

already strongly established 
in a region who know the real 
estate market, have estab- 
lished bank relationships and 
can hire an adept workforce. 

While it is necessary to 
recruit people from a par- 
ticular field for many fran- 
chises, such as pharmacies or 
real estate brokerages, some 
franchises do not want 
people who have prior ex- 
perience in their field “be- 
cause they have to unteach 
them to teach them, "says Mr. 
DeBolL In addition, some 
franchises require owners 
with better operational than 
marketing skills; for others, 
the opposite is true. “You've 

Franchise Expo 

and business know-how. 
Scott BeVier, who heads de- 

its concept nationally. Pres- gotto evaluate yourself to see 
idem Roto BasTon^ is look- where you fit &u” -MT Do- 
ing for businesspeople Bolt advises. • 

The 1997 International 
Franchise Expo opens 
today in Washington at the 
Convention Center and 
will run for three days. 
Last year, the expo hosted 
more than 20,000 visitors, 
including investors from 
more than 70 countries, 
entrepreneurs, lawyers, 
accountants and the gen- 
eral public. 

This year’s visitors will 
find booths advertising 
franchising opportunities 

hour total immersion 
course that examines do- 
mestic franchising in de- 

Non-U.S. delegates, 
who accounted for 20 per- 
cent of visitors to the fran- 
chise expo last year, will 
find several se minar s 
tailored specifically to 
their interests. Overseas 
regulations will be of par- 
ticular concern. 

The Visitors’ Center al- 
lows potential iiitematkm- 

far beyond the^fast-fbod __al franchisees to speak 
outlets - people rioiraafiy wiffilawyers, consultants 


.j '-rxaOCMi; 

• -<r!\ and * ■ 


\-.r;r>w :*W- 

. •vw’. ■’ 'V ■ * ' 

chisers is the Matchmaker/ had more than 500 appoint- 
Trade Mission Program, merits that resulted in six 

which allows companies to master franchises and five 
be delegates, giving them ap- potential ones. 

pointments wife pre- 
screened business contacts, 
in-depth market briefings, in- 
terpreters and export coun- 

The Commerce Depart- 
ment is sponsoring trade del- 
egations next month to East- 
on Europe, in Septetriberto 
China and India, and in Janu- 

associate with fee fran- 
chise industry. 

Commercial, Residential & Insurance Restoration 

■ Operating since I94S 

■ Specializing in Indoor Environmental Services 
« Specializing in Insurance Disaster Recover)' 

■ Oflcring a proven system to build a Franchise network 

■ 22 Proprietary Patents & 1 1 Profit Centers 
.■400 Franchises in 20 countries 

■ Franchises Available throughout most of Europe 

■ Complete Training & Field Sucport^^gantSSv^ 

fain ill* Jk/iial fuUav. 

Demand fox the printed word has 
never been greater join our 
growing family of quick pnnting 
and copying centers as we 
expand throughout the world 

Seminars available 
Among fee expo’s offer- 
ings is a series of seminars 
for would-be franchisees. 
This year, fee series in- 
cludes a five-and-a-half- 

and financial advisors and 
has space for private 

For more information, 
contact Blenheim Expos- 
itions Inc.; tel.: (1-201) 
461 1220, fox: (1-201) 
461 1226. Website: www/ 

~ The biggest boost toTran- to Southeast Asia, delegates 

During a mission program aiy 1 998 to Greece and Tur- 


fijvf jw 

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■.7» ir«uw tic tv** 
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•‘Interpuctional Franchising” 

Htzy produced in its entirety by the Advertising Department 
of the International Herald Tribune. 

Writer: Steve Weinstein in New York. . 
Illustrations: Karen A, Sheckler-Wtison, 
Program Director: Bill Mahder. 

2,300 locations In 
27 countries. 
Make yours next! 

For an appointment to meet with Scott while pMC Technologies, 
lie is In jour area, call or fa* Bill Sims. 

1“817-332-1575fax. sd-ms-sm*. 

Master Franchises Available 
Fa*. 303-779-8445 

Of ppP 

7* <k IVTEKNVnOML « | 

llcral o„iS^ fcnbunc 


* Flat Fee-no ongoing percentages 

* Onsite training at your location 

* 10+ year success record 

Tel: 800-879-O927/3 10-539-3582 




[V. 33-year proven track record y t 

^ Over 1600 locations wer! 

d.vide. y\ 

. Targeting Italy. France. Germany J 

af.G Eaatsrn Europe for g 

rcvvtfi. A 

. Master Franchise 

programs ava7sbis 


Sc-e us at fe IFE in ttssh 

ifigton J 

^ 4/25 thru 27 

Wdbiaatemtcnal agreement preferred. 

If you would like to receive further information on any of the 
advertisers who appeared in our International Franchise 
Sponsored Section -April 25, 1992, simply complete this coupon 
and send to: 

Judith King 

The International Herald Tribune 
850 Third Avenue, 10th Floor 
New York, NY 10022 
or Fax: 212-755-8285 

And remember. I’m not 

HCM Industries, Inc., tht exclusive franchisor of the 
Hair Club for Men system, introduces a 


to purchase 



Id addition, HCM Industries, Inc., is also offering franchise opportunities in 


Intarraticna'.ly Cali: 

( 770 ) 984*2707 

Fax: (770! 9803176 
h ttp:W wav.', fc Jimpfe.ccm 

Call or Fas: 

TeL (80S) 498-4463i 
Fas (805) 498-898* 

I'm also a client • 


1. Atphagxaphics 

11. Lox of Bagels 

12. New Horizons 

President, Har Club for Men 

Hair Club for Mens tudocui advertising campaign and 20 )tor brand identity 
has nude both the company and its bunder, Sy Sperling, household names. 
Hair Club for Men franchise opportunities have never before been advertised. 
Our worldwide expansion plans have motivated us to now make certain markety 
available. If you would like to join a leader in the BILLION DOLLAR hair loss 
industry and become a part of an American tradition, give us a caJL Additional 
details regarding this ousting opportunity are available try contacting: 

oB tax on dsmand lor business <$pcrtur«fej 
41-800-460-9644 or cal tar rBsanertons; 

4i-aoo-e73-£as3/4i -ws-as-swi. 
rafartw by Raymond Kahn A pin 1 4806478 

Indoponderrt Tmvwi Agent 

hmiftHAVEL femrawnoMM. 

Pfert-r 1 

.Stuete batosboneoftfiebaaEghesr 1 

chain ot MurtcBrU aid ■ 

tmatehmem Centre® hi rte us. and 

Asia There on ly a fev such 


Stut1 ^ mu 
Asia particularly In hotel venues 
lflw rr i M«Bd . fax i BJHM aOW 

2. APC (America's Favorite 

13. Radio Shack 

3. Bhmpie 

4. Change Phis 

5. Fastframe 

G. Franchise Magazine 

7. HCM (Hair Club Far Men) 

8. IHT Franchise Guide 

14. Signal Graphics 

15. Sir Speedy 

16. Steamatic 

“The Power of an 

American Tradition 

ruing this exemng opportunity are available by contacting: 

Steve Jokes, Director of Franchise Sales 
(561) 241-5920 
Fax: (561) 241-7024 

(Financial disclosure required) 

Join the world’s 
digital publishing ; 
technology leader; 

17. Studebaker’s 

18. Swisher 

Own the World 

19. Tflden 


AfphaGraphicS* is fee leading provider of rradiiional and dial* " 
ral publishing services- including Internet services -to him- J 
nesses worldwide. With more than 330 locations in over 20 
countries, our stores each average $875,000 in annualsales, 1 
more than double fee industry average. ' 

tet iv- “ 

20. Travel Network 

9. frttele Travel/Mr. Kahn 

10. Jatta Press 

21. Uniglobe Travel 

22. Ziebart Tidy Car 





Company. . 





UNIGLOBE®. THE International Franchise m THE International 
Business, the largest in our field with 1 ,150 locations aroistd the 
world. By harnessing technology, UNIGLOB E® is securing its place 
as an undisputed leader m this dynamic industry. 

We are presently seeking to place Reg anal Master Franchises 
in countries where there is a travel industry infrastructure are! an 
established outbound market. 

Successful candidates wi be financially qualified and have the 
management capabilities to capitalize on this unique opportunity to 
become a leader in this multhbtfon dollar industry . Travel industry 
experience and/or an existing travel industry business a dstinct 

John L Henry, Senior Vice President 

Vancouver, Canada 
Phone: (604) 662-3800 Fax: (604) 602-3878 

In addition to providing our printshops wife fee laresr diaitai = 
color printing and copying technology, fe e AlphaCWucs- : 
worldwide network is electronically finked forraM^ure: ’ 
transmission of digital information. * 

M . ' j T k ‘° s Mast « Franchisees to develop- the 
AlphaGraphics business m France, Greece, Italy andsLet- 
land. It your company wishes to divetsify i„ , [cchno | ^ 

new vnrir. an.d .IT I _ 1 . . 



ness seetot, and would hire to he part of the AlphaGniphics- 1 

f '- ne,Mi ' «r Senior V,ce Preset of Globa I ' 
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?■ ■ 

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Inner Cities, Rural Areas 

Franchises are beginning to expand into underserved areas. 

31 sea Gold® 11 Arches in or to discuss economic empowerment zones 
S Itl 5 s ’ ^dshbr may — ■ areas with tax incentives created by die 
^ to that, despite government to encourage development — 

several areas of the and the financing available. The IFA alto 
"F*®? ^ underserved by fian- sponsored a pilot project in three depressed 

chises. M(Kt of these are m the inner cities. Connecticut cities to pull together comrnu- 

New public andprivate initiatives are just nity~based organizations and leaders to dis- 
now banning to fill in these pockets. Alpha cuss how to identify entrepreneurs, find fi- 
t Grapmcs is currently putting together a mas- nancing for them and match them up with the 
ter plan that wUJ bring it into the inner cities, appropriate franchisee, 
begnuung with the Bronx and Harlem in In the past, private lenders would not 
New York City. This opportunity came about invest in inner cities. Many banks, prodded 
through a variety of resources, including by die government, are a ttempting to com- 
Bankers Trust and the public entities Local peasate by seeking out opportunities. Na- 
Imti^ive Si^jpoit Corporation (LISQ and tion’s Bank in Washington, for example, 
the Community Development Corporation, invested in an Athlete’s Foot outlet in that 
Alpha Graphics is pan of a larger group of city’s Ward 8. 






tion’s Bank in Washington, for example, 
invested in an Athlete’s Foot outlet in that 

franchisers approached by USC to move into 
the nation '$ inner cities. 

Purchasing power 

As in other areas ripe for franchising, con- 
sultants do studies called leakage analyses, 
which show whether a neighborhood has a 
demand for particular products and services 
not currently being supplied “Surp risingly , 
the purchasing power is there,” says Bill 
Vaughan, Alpha Graphics’ director of fran- 
chise development. This sentiment is echoed 
by Terrian Bames, the International Fran- 
chising Association’s vice president of public 
affairs. “There’s not enough information 
about what’s really going on there,” Ms. 
Bames says. “The perception of risks in the 
inner city is a misperception.” She cites 
intact families, consumer interest and im- 
proved housing as positive factors. 

Athlete's Foot and the environmentally 
friendly dry cleaner Ecomat Cleaners and 
Laundromats are not waiting for official pro- 
grams but are working with such banks and 
comnmnhy organizations to expand 

Citing the enthusiasm surrounding his 
company's projected foray in several inner 
cities, Mr. Vaughan notes that “folks are 
looking forward to results, not just for the 
community, but for fr anchising in general.” 
Inner cities are not the only undereerved 
areas in the United States. Rural areas and 
small cities often lack the amenities of larger 
urban areas. Partly to counter that, Radio 
Shack has embarked on a new program, 
called Radio Shack Select, that will award 
dealerships in cities with as few as 1,500 
people. The idea is to team up with a retailer 
who will offer Radio Shack’s top-selling 
items. “People are already cold-calling in 





The IFA recently held a satellite broadcast small towns,” says Len Cfagg, foe program 
of a seminar that included franchisers and a director. “They're looking for successful re- 
Small Business Administration admmistrat- tailers looking to expand their business." • 

Room for Women 
And Minorities 

Franchises are attracting both groups. 

T oday, many women are re-entering foe work force or 
leaving the corporate world. Often, they are taking on 
growing financial responsibility for raising their fam- 
ilies. Franchising presents these women with several op- 
portunities, according to the International Franchising As- 
sociation's Terrian Bames. 

** Often, women tend to take more time in making up their 
mind in a buying decision,” Ms. Bames says. “They like to 
talk to women who have done it before. ” The IFA’s Women ’s 
Franchise Network, which brings women together on a Web 
bulletin board and at face-to-face panels, provides this 
opportunity. Women are looking at all types of franchising, 
from automobile repair to fast food. But they all share a 
common bond. “They’re very interested in giving back — 
helping other women along the way,” says Ms. Bames. 

Minorities are also becoming franchisees at an increasing 
rate, and some franchisers have set up specific programs to 
encourage them. AFC Enterprises' New Age of Opportunity 
and PLUS programs actively seek urban minority ownership 
and employees. The program helps applicants seek secure 
private and public funding, including Empowerment Zones 
and local Champion City programs. 

In its first six months, the program recruited 36 fran- 
chisees. Ms. Bames sees more such programs on the horizon. 
The giant Southland Corp., for example, owner of the 7-1 1 
franchise, is working with the NAACP and other groups to 
identify minority franchisees in Los Angeles. “Even if 
companies don't have a specific program, they’re looking to 
make sure they don't leave out minorities,'' she says. • 

Satisfying Asia 

Asia is a top market for U.S. franchisers. 

Target Market: Who’s Afraid of the European Union? 

i • 

U.S. franchisers expect continued growth in Europe and are looking at a variety of ways of penetrating this promising market. 

urope’s growing eco- the European Union — afro: 
nornic unity appar- altering foe wording to con- 
ently does not faze form with. EU law, of 

■ -J ently does not faze form with 
U.S. franchisers. In fact, they course, 
look at it as an opportunity 
for even more growth in what Individual!: 
is already their most success- ZiebartTidy 
fuJ overseas territory outside Jan Hartman 
of Brazil. tions against 

“Europe is the place as one count 
where franchisers have tra- try within E 
ditionally started,” says districts wit 
Nancy Womack, who heads tries must l 
international affairs for foe individualize 

Individualized campaigns 
Ziebart TidyCar Chairman E. 
Jan Hartmann, however, cau- 
tions against treating Europe 
as one country. “Each coun- 
try within Europe and even 
districts within some coun- 
tries must be targeted with 
individualized marketing 

International Franchising p ro gram s." be says. “The 
Association. “Once they get variance in national cultures 
a toehold in Britain and and preferences, as well as 

France, it’s fairly easy to get ’ 

into other countries.” 

Alpha Graphics’ Bill Ed- CONTROL 
wards predicts that European an entire country with 

economic unification “will 

help us quite a bit It will HPAmTWtSftK' 
make things simpler with a Master Rights Opportunity 

tec localized laws and regula- 
>n- tions, creates demands for 
of different services.” New Ho- 
rizons Computer Learning 
Centers, on the other hand, 
s has taken a pan-European ap- 

E. proach, treating foe Contm- 
u- ent as one market 
pe Some companies can take 
n- advantage of local regula- 
sn tions. Stsamatic, for instance, 
n- is planning to expand in Bri- 
ith tain after the passing of 1 fr- 
ig gislation mandating tire 

cleaning of air-duct systems, partner. In October 1995, mg and communications, is 
Other companies look for Blimpies, for example, be- now turning its attention to 
a perceived lack in the local came partners with Pressby- Europe, 
market that they can filL Two ran, one of Sweden’s largest Sir Speedy abandoned the 

good examples are Hair Club retail food operations. Many 

for Men and Lox of Bagels. 

Both franchisers are ac- 
tively seeking master li- 
censes in Europe and else- 
where abroad. 

Many U.S. companies 
have begun their European 
expansion through a strategic 
alliance with a European 

more companies, however, 
prefer to grant master li- 
censes on a per-country 

A third way is to acquire 
local companies. Having 
made inroads in Latin Amer- 
ica, Sir Speedy, which 
provides commercial print- 


Sir Speedy abandoned foe 
master license plan; instead, 
it has bought its largest com- 
petitor, an Amsterdam-based 
franchise with nearly 100 
units in foe Netherlands, 
France and Austria. Such a 
strategy is expensive, but it 
allowed Sir Speedy to es- 
tablish a presence in Europe 
immediately. • 

T he rapidly rising in- 
come levels of Pacific 
Rim citizens are not 
being matched by compara- 
ble expansion of goods and 
services, opening foe door to 
American companies that 
can provide turnkey experi- 
ence, marketing, manage- 
ment and products. 

Japan now boasts its own 
indigenous franchisers, such 
as Dusttin Corp-- a Japanese 
conglomerate that includes 
American franchises in its 
corporate umbrella. 

All of Asia represents al- 
most unbridled growth. AFC 
Enterprises is typical of foe 
aggressive expansion in foe 
region. AFC’s Popeyes 
Chicken & Biscuits opened 

its 50th restaurant in South 
Korea last year and has added 
100 Popeyes restaurants in 
Malaysia. AFC added 35 
Churchs restaurants in 
Shanghai and plans to open 
foe first fast-food restaurant 
in Vietnam next month. The 
master licensee, P.T. Cipta 
Selera Mumi, plans to build 
10 Texas Chicken restaurants 
in Vietnam within the next 
three years. 

Alpha Graphics has been 
expanding in China, and the 
master licensee there will 
open outlets in Hong Kong. 

Some produce must be 
altered for local tastes. 
Dunkin' Donuts had to make 
their do ugbmits sweeter to sat- 
isfy the Thai sweet tooth. • 



single currency.” Already, 
■ the breakdown of trade bar- 
Triers has allowed Alpha 
Graphics to use foe same 
wording in all countries in 


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PAGE 22 

Two Share the Lead 
At Spanish Open 

GOUF The defending champion, 
adraig Harrington of Ireland, and 

Padraig Harrington of Ireland, and 
Alexander Cejka of Germany each 
shot 4-under-par 66 to share the 
lead after the first day of the Span- 
ish Open in Madrid on Thursday. 

The 25-year-old Dublin-born 

player, who won the tournament by 
four strokes last year, looked set to 

four strokes last year, looked set to 
be the lone leader until Cejka pulled 
even in the final holes. 

Gary Emerson and Mark James 
shared second place, one shot be- 
hind on the Jack NicWaus-designed 
7, 054-yard (6,451 -meter) par-72 
La Moiraleja golf course. 

Greg Norman, whose perfor- 
mance in Madrid could place him 
back in the No. 1 seat in the world 
rankings, shot a 69. He shared that 
score with Jose Maria Olazabal 
who is seeking his second victory in 
six tournaments after an 18-month 
injury layoff. (AP) 

Hingis Is on the Mend 

tennis Martina Hingis has re- 
sumed walking with die aid of 
crutches after an operation on her 
left knee, according to a published 
report Thursday. 

“Finally. I'm a real athlete,” the 

German daily Blick quoted an up- 
beat Hinds as savins after her 30- 

beat Hingis as saying after her 30- 
minute operation to mend a lig- 
ament ".An athlete has to be able to 
tell about injuries, right?” 

It was the first injury suffered by 
the 16-year-old, the youngest No. 1 
ever in women’s tennis. She hurt 
the knee in a fall from a friend’s 
horse on Monday. (AP) 

Irabu Sits and Waits 

BASEBALL The Hideki Irabu 
soap opera recessed with the pitch- 
er waiting for a decision from the 
Japanese League on Thursday 

about the possibility of complete 
free agency, and with Irabu's agent 
saying he did not expect acrimo- 
nious negotiations with die New 
York Yankees. 

“I think that he will eventually 

play for the Yankees,” said Don 
Nomura, Irabu’s agent. “It could 
be in a few weeks. It could be next 
year. The question is when.” (AP) 





World Roundup! 

Manchester Suffering 
Crisis of Confidence 

FRUUi. Arm 25, 199t Si , " 

r I Corner 

Dortmund Reaches Cup Final 

Vantage Point/Pm* Berlin 

International Herald THbune 

M anchester — a soccer 

ball is just imitation leather 
stitched around empty air. For 
a match, it weighs no more than 450 
grams inflated to a pressure of no more 
than l.l atmospheres. 

Yet this simple, apparently flimsy, 
plaything can be asked to bear a huge 
amount of weight It can carry the self-, 
esteem of nations, the hopes of cities, 
the profitability of businesses and the 
dreams of romantics. 

No wonder, when Borussia 
Dortmund beat Manchester United, 1-0, 

reasons: ha three hours of play, over two 
games, it scored two goals while 
Manchester United scored none. 

lightly balanced soccer games are 
often decided in a few split seconds by a 
matter of inches. On Wednesday in the 
eighth minute, Lars Ricken found space 
in the United penalty area — more 
space, true, than a top-notch defense 
should allow. As Ricken swiveled, Gary 
Paliister, the United center half closed 
in. As Ricken shot. Paliister stuck out a 
long leg. The ball clipped the sole of 
Pamster's boot and deflected slightly. It 
beat Peter Schmeichel’s dive by a few 

Thb Champions Coo 

inches and skipped into the net This 
followed Rene Tretschok's deflected 
goal in Dortmund two weeks earlier and 
gave Borussia a two-goal overall lead. 

After Ricken 's goal, United pressed 
relentlessly. Over the course of the 
game it had 21 strikes at goal and 14 
comers yet could not score. 

Eric Cantona, twice, squandered 
chances from close range — once 
thwarted by the sole of Jaergen Kohler’s 
outstretched boot. Paliister, who scored 
twice last Saturday with headers in a key 
league game, headed wide from close 
range. Ryan Giggs and Andy Cole each 
wasted two good chances. 

“The question is, ‘Are we good 
enough?,' ” was the first thing Alex 
Ferguson, the Manchester United man- 
ager, said after coming off tile field. “The 
answer was out there on the field.” 

on Wednesday night to reach the final of 
the Champions Cup, that die ball took 
some strange bounces. 

For the English, every encounter with 
continental Europe seems to bringacuie 
unease. In this, soccer is no different 
from politics. And it’s the Germans who 
make die En glish feel the most insec- 

The British created the industrial rev- 
olution and its offspring, soccer, but the 
German national team, like the German 
economy, dominates Europe. The Eng- 
lish desperately want to beat the Ger- 
mans, but they fear something deep in 
their national psyche means it will never 
happen. Every encounter between the 
two countries is examined for English 
failings and German strengths. 

In truth, Dortmund did not triumph 
because its players had better skills with 
the ball. They clearly did not Nor did it 
win because its defense was “techni- 
cally” superior — a voguish self-crit- 
icism in English soccer. Like Juventus 
and Ajax Amsterdam in the other semi- 
final. Dortmund frequently looked 
shaky on defense. 

Nor did Dortmund win because it was 
more “sophisticated,” a catchall Eng- 
lish worn for unease in the face of 
continental Europeans. Nor was the vic- 
tory an expression of some inner virtue, 
die “willpower,*’ that Gerd Niebaum, 
Dortmund's president, talked about 
after the game. 

Dortmund won for the simplest of 


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Manchester United’s Eric Cantona, left, fighting for the ball with Dortmund’s Wolfgang Feiersmger. "*• 


I N TRUTH, the answer may lie not 
on the field but in his players’ heads. 
The evidence on the field was not 
that clear. 

To be sure, Dortmund had, as its 
coach, Ottmar Hitzfeld, said, “survived 
a whirlwind.” But United had, in the 
end, needed three goals to qualify and 
had scored none. 

“Manchester played a great game,” 
said Hitzfeld. “But forgot to score 

Of those 21 strikes. 15 were off- 
targeL All too often, the siege of 
Dortmund was lifted by United’s over- 
eagerness: by wildly optimistic long- 
range shots from David Beckham ami 
by Cole making his run too soon and 

going offside. United lost because it 
railed to turn pressure into goals. Bad 
luck is only part of the story. 

“They were snatching at shots,"' said 
Terry Venables, the Australian national 
coach and former manager of England ’a 
national tgam. 

“We had seven players under 23,” 
said Cantona, by way of explanation. (In 
fact, they only had four. ) 

Ferguson agreed, saying, “Maybe 
they're that little bit inexperienced and 
that ruins their composure.'' 

But Cantona and Paliister, the two old 
heads, were guilty of the three worst 
misses. And Dortmund veterans such as 
Kohler and Stefan KJos, the goalkeeper, 
made crucial plays in desperate situ- 
ations. And Dortmund was deprived of 
many of its players with big-match ex- 

“Five internationals did not play on 
our team," said Hitzfeld “Idon tknow 
how Manchester United could have 
coped without five international play- 

Time and again in this competition 
over the last four years, United has come 

ish, Dutch, Czech, Irish and Welsh play- 
ers — are filled with English doubts, 
like the ones that tugged at their boot 
laces when they shot on Wednesday. 

This English inferiority complex is 
hard to understand No German team 
hint reached the final of the Ch amp ion s 
Cup since Bayern Munich losttoPorto 
in 1987. No German club has won the 
competition since Hamburg beat Ju- 
ventns in 1983. Dortmund last year was 

unglued in key g*™ Its ranks — Atcilio Lombardo put Juventus ahead 

whirH rfmtnin P nww-^ l Mi^rwi» mHn ) Pan- with a glancing header from a comer, fa*' 
ish, Dutch, Czech, Irish and weteh play- the 34th minute. Two minutes later, 
eats — are filled with Rn gHsh doubts, Lombardo crossed and Christian Viertv 
liiw- the tiiggml fheir hnnt slid in at the far post to poke the ball uitrf 

laces when they shot on Wednesday. the goaL 

This En glish inferiority complex is Mario Melchiot scored for Ajax wittr 
hard to mvW ii tanri. No German tram a header in the 76th minute. Ajax- 
hwd reached the final of the Champions pressed forward but Z inedi ne Zidane^ 
Cup since Bayern Munich lost to Poito exploited the space in the Dutch do-^ 
in 1987. No German club has won the fense. In the 79m minute, he carried they 
competition since Hamburg beat Ju- ball from the halfway line deep mto die 
ventus in 1983. Dortmund last year was Ajax penalty area, drew goalkeeper Ed-i- 
dismissed in the quarterfinals by Ajax, win van der Saar, and then rolled the ball'' 
Maybe it needed that defeat to under- to Nicola Amoroso who sewed from 
stand it could win, close range. Two minutes later, Zid a n e 

Ferguson grasped at that straw on dribbled through the Ajax defense, 
Wednesday: ff TmB is erne of those games rounded van der Saar and scored. 

we mi^u have got better by losing.” ■ Baamo to Play for Italy , £ 

JawMitw 4» Ajax 0 Juventus, the cup ouggiuvuxmy awawwj - *w 

holder, survived early pressure from Italy’s new coach, Cesare Maldini, on 

Ajax to win comfortably in Turin. Juve Thursday ended die two-year exile qL 
won die semifinal, 6-1, on aggregate. Roberto Baggio from the n a tion al teamr 

Tijani Babangida twice sliced calling ACMilan’s star forward foc- 
through die Juve rtefemm in the early Italy’snext World Cupqualifyfog match 
mutates, but the first time he shot wide agamst Poland, The Associated Press 
and the second time the Italian defense reported from Florence. Italy takes an 
cleared. the Polish team Wednesday m Naples? 

w mum 


ventus m 1983. Dortmund last year ' 
dismissed in the quarterfinals by Ajax. 
Maybe it needed that defeat to under- 
stand that it could win. 

Ferguson grasped at that straw on 

Wwliua/lav. ‘ *Th,o ia rmm nfttinw anw 

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f Baggio to Play for Italy £ 

Italy's new coach, Cesare Maldini, on 


Italy’s next Wc^d Cup qualifying match 
against Poland, The Associated Press 
repeated from Florence. Italy takes an 
the Polish team Wednesday in Naples^ 


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A Tournament in the Sun 
Is Facing a Cloudy Future 

pi— M5 . > 

rfi a N -r.y 5*’ _ 

ximm, .m I***-'*- 

By Christopher Clarey 

I/uenuaitfnaJ Herald TrQnme 

M onte carlo— it 

has been 100 years 
since they began 
playing a major tennis tour- 
nament in Monte Carlo and 
69 since that tournament was 
moved to the new Monte 
Carlo Tennis Club, whose 
clay courts drop down to the 
azure sea like Balinese rice 

The train tracks that used to 
interrupt the view of the water 
are gone. A European Union 
flag now flutters over the 
newish wing of a luxury 
hotel, but other than that, the 
wcdd-class view has changed 
little since King Carl V Gust- 
av of Sweden, a royal tennis 
groupie long before Sarah 
Ferguson, watched the first 
matches here from on high in 
February 1928. 

What has changed im- 
measurably is the game: big- 
ger rackets, bigger athletes, 
bigger egos, bigger and BIG- 
GER paychecks. Hie evolu- 
tion is on display this week at 
the Monte Carlo Open mid, in 
a more subtle fashion, in the 
aided atrium of the Monte 
Carlo Casino at an exhibition 
of tennis-related objects com- 
memorating the centennial of 
the tournament. 

You see the increasing 
democratization of the sport 
when you examine the 
faience vases with tennis 
themes from the eariy years of 
the century and then turn your 
attention to a plastic Barbie 
doll dressed in a tennis skirt. 
You see the decreased con- 
viviality of the sport when 
you look at a 1969 playbill for 
Gloria Butler's long-forgot- 
ten talent shows. 

Butler was the daughter of 
an American businessman. 
George Pierce Butler, a 
wealthy Monaco resident 
who sponsored a prestigious 
doubles tournament and 
pushed for die construction of 
the Tennis Gub. For years 
after her father’s death, Glor- 
ia organized light-hearted 
stage productions featuring 
the best players of the era. In 
1969, as the casino exhibition 
notes, the Ecuadorian great 
Pancho Segura performed as 
Tazzan. More intriguing, the 
Australian stars Fred Smile 
and John Newcombe per- 
formed as Shirley Temple 


Wayne Gretzky, left, fighting for the puck. The Rangers beat the Panthers 3-2. 

business cmd ocnnomia, as as scienoe, memo* 
and sport — aH From an ifUernaJkxid perspective. 

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Gretzky Finds the Old Magic 

Hat Trick Lifts Rangers Closer to 2d Round Berth 

By Joe Lapointe 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — Thanks to 
Wayne Gretzky’s shooting 
skills and plenty of heavy ef- 
fort by practically everyone 
else, the New York Rangers 
moved to within one victory 
of a berth in the second round 

of the playoffs. 

Behind three goals from 
the Great One, they took a 

regular season, his shooting 
touch is the one part of die 
game that has weakened no- 
ticeably in recent seasons, 
while he has concentrated 
primarily cm passing thepuck 
to set up others. With 72 as- 
sists this season. Gretzky tied 
for the NHL lead. 

Indeed, when Gretzky, 36, 
spoke afterwar, his voice was 
slightly gravelly, as if filled 

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three-games-to-one lead in 
the four-of-seven game East- 
ern Conference quarterfinals 
with a 3-2 victory over the 
Florida Panthers at Madison 
Square Garden on Wednes- 
day night. 

Another New York victory 
— perhaps Friday night in 
M bum or back here Sunday 
afternoon — will put them in 
Round 2. 

Gretzky scored a truly nat- 
ural hat trick with three con- 
secutive goals on three shots 
during a span of 6 minutes 23 
seconds in the first half of die 
second period. The explosion 
of sharpshooting transformed 
a 1-0 Panther lead info a 3-1 
Ranger lead. 

In a sense, the goals were 
uncharacteristic for Gretzky, 
at least in recent years. Al- 
though he scored 25 this sea- 
son and is the National 
Hockey League’s career lead- 
er in goals with 862 in tire 

:’s pretty 
“Wish I 

special,” he said. “Wish I 
could do it more. It was a 
special night I'll never for- 

Gretzky's first goal came 
on the power play at 3:07 of 
fte second period and tied tire 
score at 1-1. Gretzky one- 
timed a high wrist shot past 
Panthers goalie John Van- 
biesbrouck. His second goal 
was scored cm a slap shot high 
on tire glove side at 6:46. 

The third goal, at 9:30, was 
also on a slap shot, low to the 
goalie’s stick side. 

The hat trick was the 58th of 
Gretzky’s 18-year National 
Hockey League career, and his 
ninth during post-season play. 

In other games, The As- 
sociated Press reported: 

P mh Nm 4, Flyvt 1 The 


might h 

refused to lose what 

have been Mario 

Lemieux's last home game, 
searing two shorthanded 
goals in the first period to beat 
Philadelphia and stay alive in 
the NHL playoffs. 

Lemteux made for a dra- 
matic finish by scoring an a 
breakaway with 1:04 remain- 
ing. The Flyers, leading the 
series 3 games to 1. will try to 
finish the Penguins in Game 5 
Saturday in Philadelphia. The 
Penguins are 0-14-1 in their 
last 15 road games. 

Lemieux, a three-time 
NHL Most Valuable Player, 
has said he Mill retire after the 

Senator* 1 , Safer** o Daniel 
Alfredsson ended more than 
62 minutes of scoreless 
hockey when he beat Buf- 
falo’s goal tender, Steve 
Shields, in overtime to give 
host Ottawa a victory to even 
their Eastern Conference 
first-round playoff series at 2 
games each. Game 5 is to be 
played Friday night in Bof- 

Alfredsson slipped a re- 
bound off die far post at 2:34 
of die first overtime after 
Shields, making his first NHL 
playoff start, failed to grab a 

It was Ottawa's 36di shot 
of the game and overcame a 
malfunctioning video review 
screen that would have given 
the Senators a 1-0 lead. 

and Marlene Dietrich. 

One might argue that 
today’s stars are doing die 
rough equivalent when they 
jump on stage with a micro- 
phone or guitar in hand and 
perform. It certainly is no less 
amateurish, but the spirit on 
tour is different. The players 
are, often understandably, 
less accessible and less con- 
nected to quotidian reality. 
Among themselves, mean- 
ingful bonds are harder to 
form because the financial 
stakes are so great and the 
differences between their 
abilities so minute. 

What has not changed oyer 
the years is their connection 
to Monte Carlo (no one seems 
to remember or care that the 
Tennis Club is technically in 
the adjacent French commu- 
nity of Roquebrone). Approx- 
imately 40 men’s profession- 
al players maintain 
residences in tee principality 
for tax and tanning purposes, 
including Thomas Muster 
and Richard Krajicek. They 
turn out in force for the tour- 
nament, and the longtime 
tournament director, Bernard 
Noat, swears their participa- 
tion is not a ccmdition of their 
residency permits. 

“But it only seems logical 
they would reciprocate be- 
cause we help than out 
throughout the year,'* Noat 
said. “They need an apart- 
ment. they need to play, they 
seed to bast friends at the club, 
we leave them free to do so.” 

Which explains why the 
players have reacted badly to 
the ATP Tour's decision to 
shift its European headquar- 
ters fium Monte Carloto Lon- 
don in order to economize and 
consolidate, ft also helps ex- 
plain their reaction to the vi- 
rion of die future recently 
floated by the ATP Tour’s 
chief executive, Mark Miles, 
which would eliminate two of 
the existing elite tournaments 
known as “Super 9” events 
and create more 10-day 
events for men and women 
similar to the lipton Cham- 
pionships in Honda. 

The French press duly re- 
ported that one of the events 
likely to get downgraded was 
Monte Carlo because of its 
eariy spot on foe day-court 
ca l e n dar (Hamburg and 
Rome, also Super 9 events, 
enme later) ana because, un- 
like Hamburg and Rome, it 

does not already hold a wanK 
en’s event. ^ 

To summarize, this was not ' 
exactly a welcome centennial 
present “I was shocked to. 
read in the paper that our tour^ 
nament would be down-it 
graded in a couple of years, 
Noat said. “And 1 told the* 
ATP Tour this.” 

The semantic problem hereh- 
is that Noat is actually part of 
the ATP Tour, which was 
fanned m 1990 by thcplayers 
and tournament directors 

f . ' 


• •-<! 
,T-->Vv *1 

- . r • •> 

when they broke away from 
the existing circuit Miles is 
an employee, not an elected 

M!.\ \CK 

An ATP Tour spokesman: 
Peter Alfano, said that “there 
never were any concrete plans 
to eliminate specific touma; 
manta,** and e mp h««iral thnf t . 
with television and sponsor^ 

chin rnntrufitu am m w tn ** 

“handi ng down a decision 
fromon high.” *4 

Miles has succeeded in 
sparking debate. The Euro-j 
pcan players, many . disA 
gran tied by what they peri 1 * 
cehre as American heavy- 
handedness, have treated 
their own players orgauiza^ 


Considering that a pp ro i a ^ 
mately 75 percent of tour rev- 

i.j i - 

s ‘ v,*“r 

enue comes from Europe anil' 
that 68 of the top 100 players’, 
are European, they are< 
drastically underrepresented 
on tour policy-making bog- . 

ies. y* 

But that is largely because 
of their traditional lade of de- 
sire to get involved. • * • - ; 

That appears set to chang e, 
with Muster and his coach,' 
Ronnie Leitgeb, fearimg the. 
charge. The move to Louddn 1 
has been put on boId,'partly 
because Prince Rainier laparw 
sonally attempting to. per*, 
suade the ATP to stay. 

■ Krajicek Advances " 

The Wimbledon champi- 
on, Richard Krajicek, easily" 
beat an inconsistent Mail- 
™ij>P°ussis, 6- 3, 6-2, on 
Thursday, The Associated 
Press aborted. 

’Hie fourth-seeded Krajicek 
took 10 of 11 games, at one 
pomt to advance to the & 
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PAGE 23 


AGE 3 

^Foreman Galls 
Ali Impresario 
•••:. to His Comer 

By Gerald Eskenazi 

New York Times Service 

. ! You flunk George Foreman is old for 
s boxer at 48? His senior adviser, An- 
gelo Dundee, is 75 and will work in his 
comer Saturday night 
’-Foreman and Dundee are back to- 
an odd couple of fighter and 
1 trainer. For Dundee, remember, was 
tifuhammad Ali’s trainer &at memor- 
able night in Zaire in 1974, when Fore- 
man lost his title. 

* "George and I got together for the 
first time in his fight with Evander,” 
Dundee said, referring to . a fight in 1991 
ip which Foreman lost his title to 
Grander Holyfield. Foreman returns to 
Atlantic City; New Jersey, on Saturday 
night to face the undefeated Bronx-born 
bou Savarese; a mere stripling of 31 

Zoeller Has Company 

Slew of Rada! Remarks Clouds U.S. Sports 

h - !■ 

■ ;■ ff"V 

Gary i^tkn 'Hraui* 

Larry Walker of the Colorado Rockies breaking his bat in the third inning against the Florida Marlins. 

Speed Wins, as Bonds Shows Braves 


‘I think he wants to keep fighting till 
- lie’s 50.” Dundee said: “It’s a number 
be always brings up. Pmhere to perform 
t£e duties of a pugilistic impresario.”. 

. Foreman wears the crown of the 
: World Boxing Union, which operates 
out ofLondocuDundeejas usual, has not 
Wbeen with Foreman throughout his train- 
jpg camp. Dundee always comes in the 
last 10 days, when the two work on fine- 
v timing. 

14 , “George once told my wife,” Don- 

, deesaid.” ‘The reason I want Angelo to 
" train me goes back to Zaire. I was just 

• about to unload the knockout punch on 
Ali, who was on the ropes. And then 

; thr ough all the noise I heard Angelo’s 
:: squeaky voice yeD, “Ran, Muham- 
l mad I” and he slipped off the rope, and I 
V; didn't nail him.’ " 

• Savarese is 36-0, with 30 knockouts. 
■ ■ He made his pro debat in 1989 on the 
"■ undercard of a Foreman fight Fore- 
man's record is 75-4, and his 68 knock- 
outs give him one of the highest per- 

in history. 

what advice will this pugilistic 
sario have for Freeman moments 
the fight Saturday? 

.-“You’re the professor,” Dundee said. 
“He's going to take this kid to school” 

pj muts giv< 

Hh rSSl 

■ ^ . Th* Associated Press 

With two men era base in the first 
inning, Barry Bonds -sliced a ball down 
die left-field line that scooted past Ryan 
Klesko for a three-run inside -the-park 
homer, helping the host San Francisco 
Giants beat the Atlanta Braves, 4-3, for 
their 10th victory in 1 1 games. 

‘ “Thai ball just wasn’t hit that well, it 
just gre past bun,’ ’ said Bonds after Wed- 
nesday night’s game. Bonds tied a major- 
league record with 11 homers last April, 
but has hit just two so far this month. 

Bonds's hit bounced just out of the 
teach of a diving Klesko, who tumbled 
into the wall. As a stunned Klesko 
slowly retrieved the ball from the left- 
field comer. Bonds sped around the 
bases and screed standing up. 

After the Braves tied the game, 3-3, in 
the seventh. Bill Mueller angled in the 
winning run in the ninth as the Giants 
regained baseball’s best record. 144. 

Rockies 7. Merlin* 3 Kevin Brown (2- 
1) gave up five runs on 10 hits in 5 Vi 
innings — his shortest ooting since last 
May 28 — as bus ERA ballooned from 
0.96 to 2. 1 6. Walt Weiss had two hits far 
the host Rockies, including a two-run 
triple that broke a sixth-inning tie. Eric 
Young added four hits. 

Mats 10 , Reds 2 Todd Hundley hit a 
pair of two-run homers and drove in five 
runs. Mark Dark (2-1) allowed both 
runs and seven hits in seven innings, 
sending visiting Cincinnati to its fourth 
consecutive loss and its ninth on a 10- 
game road trip. 

Expos 4, Cubs 3 Henry Rodriguez 
went 3-for-4 and doubled off Terry 
Mulholland (0-3) to break a fifth-inning 

tie as host Montreal rallied from a 3-0 
deficit to win its fourth straight. 

pirates 3, Ptwiiies 2 In Pittsburgh, 
Mark Johnson hit a go-ahead single in 
the eighth innin g. Jermaine ADeasworfh 
sparked the rally with a two-out bunt 
single off Jerry Spradlin (0-1). A1 Mar- 
tin reached on an infield single and 
Johnson hit a soft-liner that landed in 
right as Allensworth scored. 

Dodgars 2, Cardinals 1 Raul 
Mondesi's bases- loaded single broke an 
eighth-inning tie and host Los Angeles 
brat St. Louis to snap a three-game 
losing streak. 

Astras 1 1 , Padns 7 Jeff Bagwell hit a 
three-run homer and Brad Ausmus 
drove in three runs on a pair of doubles 

as visiting Houston overcame four er- 
rors to beat San Diego. 

In the American League: 

Yanks** 10, Stowers s Tino Martinez 
drove in five tuns as the host New York 
Yankees stretched a winning streak to 
three for the first rime this season. 

Indians 1 1 , Red Sox 7 Jack McDowell 
got a victory in the first regular-season 
relief appearance of his career, and host 
Qevetend rallied from a 5-0 deficit. 

White Sox ll.Oriotes 9 Chicago blew a 
seven-run lead, then got a sacrifice fly 
from Lyle Mouton in the 10th to hand 
Baltimore its first home loss this season. 

Hangars 2, Tigers 1 In Arlington, 
Texas, a pinch-hitter, Mike Simms, 
singled home the winning run with two 
outs in the bottom of the ninth inning. 

Royals 1 2, Mariners i o David Howard 
fa entered to cap a six-run fifth inning, 
and visiting Kansas City overcame Ken 
Griffey Jr.'s 10th home run to beat 

Athletics B, Twins 1 Mark McGwire 
h entered for the fourth straight game 
and Scott Spiezio hit his first career 
grand slam for host Oakland. 

Angels 5, Blue Jays 4 Jim Edmonds 
homered with one out in the 1 0th inning, 
lifting Anaheim over visiting Toronto. 

By Richard Sandomir 

New York Times Service 

The inflammatory ethnic remarks by 
the professional golfer Fuzzy Zoeller 
are the latest to raise concerns about 
racial and ethnic sensibilities by public 
figures in sports. 

Last month the New Jersey Nets' 
coach, John Calipari, apologized after 
calling a reporter a ’‘Mexican idiot,” 
and David Halberstam, a Miami Heat 
radio announcer, made a bizarre con- 
nection between modem basketball and 
Thomas Jefferson’s slaves. 

Both were fined by David Stem, com- 
missioner of the National Basketball 

The comments also recall remarks 
made a decade ago by Jimmy (die 
Greek) Snyder and A1 Cam pan is about 
the physical and intellectual abilities of 
African American athletes. Snyder was 
fired by CBS, Campanis by the Los 
Angeles Dodgers. 

On Wednesday, Zoeller pulled out of 
the Greater Greensboro Classic, saying 
he wanted to repair the damage caused 
by his remarks about the 2 3 -year-old 
multiracial golfer Tiger Woods before 
playing again. 

“I have to make things right with 
Tiger first before anything else,” he 
said. He added he had not talked to 
Woods about his televised remarks. 

In a taped interview dial was shown 
on CNN last Sunday. ZoeDer called 
Woods a * ‘little boy” and urged him not 
to request fried chicken and coilard 
greens at next year' s Champions Dinner 
at the Augusta National Club. In an 
initial apology Monday, and again Wed- 
nesday, Zoeller said be was joking. 

However, Zoeller’s attempt at humor 
comes at a time of heightened racial 
sensitivity, and on the heels of Woods’s 
victory at the Masters and the nation- 
wide celebration of Jackie Robinson's 
breaking baseball’s color line. 

In addition, the sharp reaction to 
Zoeller's remarks and Kmart Corp.’s 
decision to end its relationship with him 
underscore the occasionally tenuous re- 
lationship between athletes who want 
money and sponsors who want to move 

Athletes and other celebrity spokes- 
man. as well as politicians are under a 
merciless microscope that analyzes 
their public utterances. Public figures 
make blatantly offensive ethnic remarks 
at their occupational peril. 

“They can’t afford to offend any- 
one," said Brian Murphy, publisher of 
the Sports Marketing Letter. “In this 
atmosphere, it’s virtually impossible to 
jest, and one oughr nor even try. Feel- 
ings are too raw in this country.' 1 ’ 
Kmart ’s parting with Zoeller — done 
by mutual consent of the golfer and die 
retailer, Zoeller's agent said — con- 
trasts sharply with nine months of 
dithering by CBS Sports before ii sus- 
pended the golf commentator Ben 
Wright for his comments about lesbi- 
anism on the women’s pro tour and the 
reporter who wrote about them. 

“Kmart wanted to show they’re sen- 
sitive, politically correct and socially 
conservative," said Steve Disson, of D 
& F Marketing, a sports marketing firm 
in Washington. The retailer said 
Thursday that while production of new 
goods would be halted, it would con- 
tinue to sell its line of Zoeller golf equip- 
ment until supplies ran out 

David Bums, founder of the Bums 
Sports Celebrity Service in Chicago, 
said: “My feeling is that Km an was 
scared. Advertisers are increasingly sen- 
sitive to pressure groups. Km an must 
have assumed they’d get pressure.” 
After O J. Simpson was arrested for 
double murder. Hertz severed its ties 
with him. After announcing he had HTV, 
Magic Johnson lost his deal with Nestle. 
Mike Tyson’s legal and personal prob- 
lems hurt his marketability. 

Many Blackman, a partner in Black- 
man & Raber, a New York firm that 
matches athletes to advertisers, said, 
"These are conservative companies, 
with conservative heads of advertising 
who say: T don't need any problems, 1 
can hire Bugs Bunny.’ ” 

Although Craig Fenech. Calipari 's 
agent, said his client should not have 
insulted the reporter, he contended ir 
was not an ethnic slur. And so far. 
Fenech said, the incident has not en- 
dangered any of the Nets’ coach's local 




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NtWYM 320 004 01*— 10 13 0 

McDonald Ftorie (6), Miranda. (0, 
DoJones pn and Mattwmy; KnJtogaa. 
Keban OX Boehrfnger (M. Uoyd (81 and 
Posada. W~Kn.Rog«rs. 2-1. L— McDonald, 
2-2-Sv— UoytUD- 

BoSka 005 000 020-7 14 I 

ClfMimd 000 202 5CB»— If II 2 

Woadkb Trtkefc. (6X Cmi .tTX Eshebnan 
(7X Mnhanns (7) and Hasriam Adopez. 
i. McDowcfl MX Anenmodw OQ. Plunk 
(S3, Meta Ni and Banin S. Manor (73. 
VW. McDowell 3-1 L-Tificek, 2-4. 
HRs— Boston. M. Vaughn (4). Ctowtand, 
Thome (4- 

Detroa mo on 801—1 4 a 

-teas 0M too 001-2 4 o 

Oiwras. Broad) WX M. Myes ttX MtaO 
(9] and B. Johnson; DjMvog Wettetand TO 

and l RnMguezr W-WuMand 1 HI 
L— Brocad 0-2. HR— Texas. I. Rocklgua 

024 0Z1 0M 2-11 15 1 
200 002 500 0-9 0 1 
OOInoIngskNavmns Simas (Bl.T.Qasn Do 
(9X R. Hernandez (lffl and Karimvice; 
Oappinger, Boride (3); MUahneon (7). 
TejUtthma (TO, RaMyen OX A. BenBez 
(1® and Webster. W— T, Cariffln. 2-2. L— A. 
Bcnftra. 0-2. 5v — R. Hernandez (3). 
HRs— Chicago. Da Martins (IX LMouton 
(IX BaUtoan*' E. Davis CD- 

IN 000 ooo-l 11 0 
200 400 MN-4 5 0 
Robertson, Trombley (5X Rttctae (7) and 
SMnbadu Prtrio, ASraaS U) and Manna. 
W— Prtnhk 2-0. L—Robertson, 2-1. Sv— *. 
SnaB (1). HRs— Minnesota, Knoblauch (IX 
Oofckmd McGwfm (TO, SpfcnJo CD. 

Toronto 020 110 000 0—4 10 • 

000 OB 1M 1—5 12 0 
MX Spaflartc (TO ondOBrten, Masquara OT.- 
Lanpfcm DaLuda (TO and Layrttz. 
Fob regos (ID. W— DeLucfa, 2-0. 
L-SpatyartCi 0-2- HRs— Toronto, Merced 
(21- Anaheftn, Edmonds Ml. 

Kansas aty 202 0C1 010—12 11 1 

Seattle 010 141 100-10 11 2 

pmsley. Ruscft C5X R-Vtros (A). Piawdo 
(81 and Macfartcme TXXnis, B- Wefts (IX 
Hurtado (41. McCarthy (TO, 5. Sondes (7) 
and DaWBsaa. W— R. Vera*. 1-0. 
L-Hurtada, 1-1. Sv— Ptchanlo (4). 
HRs— Kansas Ofy. KS»g«XD. Homwtffl I. 
Seattle. Grtffley Jr. (in. 


andoall M0 TOO MO-2 7 0 

New York 284 IBS MK-M 14 1 

Morgan, Belinda (4X Janto (5). Brantley 
(7), Show (TO and Taubensoer MXtartc. R. 
Jordan (8X JaPronco (9) and Hundley. 
W-M. darts, 2-1. L— Morgan, 0-2. 
HRs— New York, Hundley 2 15), 

Rartda Oil 000 010-3 11 1 

GgloradB 010 013 lhc— 7 15 0 

KJArawn, HelUng (TO, Hullon (TO and C 
Johnson, Zaun (TO; wngM, 5. Read (TO, B. 
Ruffin (8) and JaJteed. W-Wrtght, 3-1. 
L— K. JAtm 2-1. 5v— B. Ruffin CJ). 
HRs— Florida, Sheffield CM. Colorado. 
Gaftnrcga (4). 

Atlanta ON 000 300-0 I 1 

San FmdKa 200 DM 001-4 10 0 

GfcMne. Embroe m and 4. Lopez; Rueter, 

■ Tovars (7). RJtodrtgwe* (7), Dl Henry (91 
and R. WBdm. Jaraen (9). W— D. Henry. 2- 
& L— Embree, 1-1. HRs— Aflanla, Klesko 
O. Sen Frtmdsca Bonds (23. 

PfeBadetpbio 0M 028 BOB-2 7 1 

Pittsburgh Ml OflO llx— 3 6 0 

Madura. Spartan (TO, Ptontenbuig (TO, R. 

Hontt (TO and LMrarthab Loatra. Rincon (TO 
and Kendall. W— Mwan, 2-1 . L— SpradRa 0- 

Chicago 000 300 000-3 8 0 

Uontidd OM 310 OOh-4 12 1 

MuBtoDand, T. Adam* (5), Wendall (7) and 
Servalsi Bulflnger, D -Veres (7), L Smith (9) 
and Widget. W— BUHIngar, 1-3. 

L— Muthadand, 0-3. Sv— L SmBh (2X 
St. Load IN BOO 000-1 3 8 

Los Angeles 800 001 01*_2 8 I 

S M ttemyre. Polkovsak (8) raid Lampldn; 
RMarttner. Guttata (TO, To-WorreH (9) and 
Piazza. W— GuWa Hi l— P erttovaek, 2-3. 
Sv— TaWoneH (4). HR-StLnuh, Lcrtctord 

Houston 012 125 MO-11 18 4 

Son Diego 803 210 001—7 10 O 

Hampton, R. GanSa M), Martin (B). Hudek 
0) and AusraaK JiHomTOon, TtWorrefl MX 
Start (TO, Bodrtler.nx HoHmnn (9) and 
FWierty.W-R.Gorcta.2-a L—TL Women, l- 
X HRs— Houston. Bagwell Gl.San Diego. G. 
Vaughn (4. 

Japanese Leagues 





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MHL Playoffs 


BtrtMo 8 8 0 0-0 

Ottawa 0 B 0 1—1 

F*» pertad: Nona. Seenod Pertod: None. 
Third Period: None. Oserttne 1, » 
AHmUssm 3 (Chorekel Shots oa goat B- fre- 
5-1—17. O- 11-14-0-3—36. GeaBes: B- 
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(sh). 4, PDtsbUfgh- Medved 1, Uhl. Second 
Pertad: None. Third Period: Plttsburgh- 
Lemlaux 2 (Moran) Shots oa goat P- le-10- 
12-38. P- 12-SM-25- GeaBes: P-Snow. P- 

(PMadeguiia leads series 3*1) 
Hortda 1 D 1-2 

N.Y. Raegers 0 3 0-3 

Rut Period: F-Nledermayer 3 (Murphy) 
(pp). Second Period: New York. Gretzky 2 
(Laeleh} (pp). X New York, Gretzky 3 

(RobhaBe. Sundstram) A New York. Gretzky 
4 (Sundsttom, Karpovtsev) Third Period: F- 
Nerniravsky J (Lous) Shots on goat F- 8-5- 
10-21 New York 8-8-12—26. GaaBeK F- 
Vanbtasbrouck. New York. RKWer. 

(New York loads series 3-1) 



Manchester Unltad. England, a Bomssta 
Dortmund, Germany 1 
Botussia wan 2-0 on aggregate. 

Juverdus, Italy. 4 Alan, Netherlands. 1 
Juventus nan 6-2 on aggregate. 

In Anal Bonissio meets Juventus an May2B 
In Munich. 


Derby a Nottingham FomstO 
LricasteMk West Ham 1 
STAMDiNOSt Manchester Untied 69 
paints; Arsenal 65; Uverpaat 64; Newcastle 
6ft Aslan Villa 5ft Sheffield Wednesday Stt 
Chetsec 5& Wimbledon 49s Leads ** Tot- 
tenham 4ft Everton 4ft Derby 43: BtacMwin 
41; Leicester 4 ft Sowfhamafon 3ft Coventry 
3ft West Ham 3ft Sunderland 37; Middles- 
brough 3ft Nottingham Forest 33. 


Guatemala 1. El SaNndorO 
Costa Rica A Honduras 0 
STANDmasiCosta Rica Spoints; Guate- 
mala ft El Salvador a- Honduras 0. 


Colorado 1, Dallas 0 
STANMNOBi Eastern Co nl ete o c e. 
Washington D.C. JO points Tampa Boy ft 
New England te Columbus 5; NY-NJ 3. West- 
eih Conference: Kansas dry 7; Dallas 6; Col- 
orodo 6; San Jose 4; Lm Angeles 3. 



CLEVELAND— Put CF Morquls Grissom on 
15-day disabled list. 


COLORADO— Traded INF Jeff Huion to MIL 
waukee lor player to be named later. 


san anipmio— R e-signed Gregg Popovich, 
coach, to multiyear contract 


Carol! HA— Signed FB Brian ONeoL 
Denver— S ljpied LB Arnold Ate. OB Tom 
Beck. CB Dalton Slmmcms, TEMait Lepsls. C 
K.C Janes, OT David Rkftteand WR Chad 

cueN bat—' W aived S Manly Grow and CB 
Buster Oratns. 

Houston— Signed LB Louis Adams, T 
wuwon AktenonRB James Alton. PK-PTy 
Atteberry. LB Derrick Barnes. DE Brent 
BumsKta, FB Rodney Byrd WR j aeon 
DuBcta DE John Emery, RB Spencer George. 
QB Aaron Gilbert, LB Nate Hemsley, TE 
Biyon Jannlng& S BialneMcElmunv.TE Jim 
Moore, WR Isaiah Mustafa. G K)4e SmBh, Q 
Sean Wells and DE Demon WIMIoms to roofc- 
te-ttee-ogent contracts. 

Jacksonville— Released CB Mickey 
Washington. Waived QB Stove ToneynJJL 
Kansas cmr CNIEFS-Slgned FB Donnell 
Bennett to 4-year contract. 

new England — Signed C Mfce drier and 
DE Jermaine Mites. 

Philadelphia— A^eed to terms wttti DE 
Damian Cooper. LB DeSItawn Fogta. G An- 
thony Keyword. C Dan Hoover. FB Maurice 

McGmgar.DB Anthony Rice, GKJreem Swln- 
lon- WR James Thrash, RB Carey Walker and 
G Mike Zandafsky. 

st. loub— S igned P WB Brice. Released 
DT Jimmie Janes. LB Rico Mock and RB 
Travis Cam rt. 

san diego— S igned RB Stmkng Boyd and 
LB Joe DlBemodo. 


Toronto— S igned DB Kwame Smith. 


Amsterdam— Signed OB Jay Fiedler, LB 
Roosevelt Collins. Activated TE Carlos 
Etheiedge, CB Jey PhBUps and T Cloy 
WHams. Waived RB Bryan Dickerson, CB 
Dian Lambert LB Larry McSeed and LB 
Ramie Woottork. Rut T Clay Williams on in- 
lured reserve. 

London— P ut WR Alan Allen and P Brian 
Greenfield on Injured reserve. 

RMEiN fire-Pw WR Thomas Bo Bey on 
Injured reserve. 

Mazlo Royster tram In/ured reserve. Placed 
CB Israel Byrd an ln|ured reserve. Waived TE 
Cedric Saunden. 

nosTQH-5lgned D Jonathan Alton. 

Tuzzaflno and D Jeff Ltoby In free-agrad con- 

WASHINGTON— Signed C Dale Huntorto I- 
yecr contract. 

otATE athletics— Homed 5teve Bokerpres- 
ktent and cWet executive officer. 

boston uniVERsmr-Signed Dennis 
WoHt, mem basketboB cooch, to 7-year con- 

Tennessee— A nnounced sophomore bas- 
ketballGCamemR, Jackson will leave school 
and transfer. 











LMT were In iM Mgwg— Wi Barer- 

Appears every Tuesday 
Toadvertroecomaa , 
Kuubniy Gaenand-Betraocourt 
TeL : + 33(Q)I«439i76 
Fax: + 33 <0)1 41 43 93 70 
or your nearesl fifT office 
orrefaca m tetive. 


PAGE 24 



The Money Machine 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Is there 
anything left but money, 
the market, the bottom line 
and more money, plus mon- 
ey. money, money? 

Not in New York, friend. In 
New York people are stand- 
ing on street comers compar- 
ing their mutual funds. In res- 
taurants they are sitting over 
third-rate meals at 560 a plate 
and gossiping about apart- 
ments renting for SI 0.000 a 

Men walk the streets with 
mobile telephones pressed to 
their faces. They are talking to 
London. Zurich. Hong Kong, 
Wall Street. Tokyo about the 
latest price of gold, diamonds, 
industrials, durables, perish- 
ables, pork bellies, potato 
chips, francs, beans, mustard, 
chopped onions. 


Alan Greenspan’s fina- 
giings with the cost of money 
are being passionately de- 
bated. Everyone says he will 
soon raise interest rates again 
to stop more people from get- 
ting jobs. This serves a double 
purpose. Bankers will feel 
more comfortable about mon- 
ey while welfare clients will 
enjoy an exhilarating chal- 
lenge. now that they have to 
find jobs or do without 

Up at Elaine's, writers with 
S300.000 advances for unwrit- 
ten books grouse that their 
publishers are threatening 
lawsuits ro get their money 
back. Down at the Four Sea- 
sons. publishers say it doesn't 
make sense to fool with writers 
who can only do S20.000 
books when by paying mil- 
lions to best-seller producers 
they can make millions more. 

Rubes from out of town 
stand in Rockefeller Center 
gaping at the thought of all that 

money it cost General Electric 
to buy NBC. Then they go 
over to Sixth Avenue and gape 
about all that money West- 
ingbouse paid to buy CBS. 

People who are all gaped 
out lie on hotel beds stunned 
by thoughts of how much 
money, money, money it 
must have cost Rupert Mur- 
doch to create the Fox net- 
work to adorn his worldwide 
conglomerated moneymak- 
ing machine. 

Lying on those hotel beds, 
out-of-towners surfing the TV 
cost centers of these gigantic 
corporations are badgered to 
buy cars, beer, demure adhe- 
sives. heartburn nostrums, 
furniture, telephones, toe- 
fungus preventaiives . . . 

Down in Wall Street's fa- 
bled canyons young men in 
wide suspenders toss around 
hundreds of millions of other 
people’s money, money, 
money and debate, between 
buys and sells, whether ro up- 
grade the second car to a 
Porsche or a Ferrari. 

Meanwhile, from all over 
the land, communications 
pour in from CEOs inquiring 
whether any small countries 
with pleasant climates are for 
sale. With the money these 
birds pull down these days, 
the trophy house and trophy 
wife are no longer enough to 
satisfy their needs to thump 
themselves on the chest. They 
now need trophy countries. * 

Moving through so much 
money leaves a person mar- 
veling at how rich you can 
become in this place, espe- 
cially if you have a good 
agent, good investment 
banker ana good lawyer. 

It makes you think of fa- 
mous old-timers who sold too 
cheap. In New York, you 
think of Judas selling out for 
30 pieces of silver and want to 
weep. Poor guy didn't even 
ask for any stock options. 

New Kvt Times Service 

The Thielemans Touch: Happy Birthday, Toots 

By Mike Zwerin 

In/crmJliondl Herald Tribune 

B RUSSELS — Tools is one of 
those first names that requires 

no second — like Dizzy, Chet Jaco 
and Django, An all-time European 
great on a par with Stephane Grap- 
pelli. Toots is also, along with 
Bobby Jaspar. Jacques Brel and 
Johnny Hallyday. a Belgian hero. 

On Friday, Jean (T ootsl Thiele- 
mans is celebrating his 75th birthday 
with a concert at the Forest National 
theater here in his hometown. 

The name Toots summons a fa- 
miliar image of a pair of horn- 
rimmed spectacles on top of a wide 
smile, or attacking a harp in the 
mouth. If the image was a talkie, 
you'd hear some of the best mouth 
organ music this side of Stevie 

He plays a chromatic harmonica 
like Wonder and Larry Adler; a real 
serious and very musical instru- 
ment with a tricky slide to ma- 
neuver and it requires breath con- 
trol, a tonguing technique and good 
physical coordination. This is nor 
some toy on a neck holster that only 
plays one scale and you have to 
cany a bag of them to a gig. 

Most mornings, his wife. Hu- 
guene brings him yogurt in bed at 
7:30. and then he warms up with 
the hot high-speed John Coltrane 
song “Giant Steps" for half an 
hour or so. He stashes a Hohner 
chromatic harp in just about every 
room of his comfortable suburban 
home, including the bathroom, so 
that there is one handy wherever 
the spirit moves him. 

Driven by limo to record an 
overdub in a studio in Hilversum. 
the Netherlands (to be wired via 
fiber-optics to Los Angeles), he 
practiced on a Hohner ail the way. 
He calls it “Hohning." 

The Thielemanses also keep an 
apartment in Manhattan. Toots has 
an American passport by now. and 
a mid-North Atlantic Afro-bebop 
accent somewhere between Joe Za- 
winul and Miles Davis. 

Serious or not. the harmonica is 
something much sneezed at. like 

the accordion. So he began to 
double on the guitar during his 
first high-visibility job with 
George Shearing's quintet in 
the 1950s. He whistled along, 
an unusual sound that adds up 
to an instrument on its own, a 
sort of Tootsophone. The 
Tootsophone has been heard in 
many commercials — one for 
Old Spice for example. 

One of his famous frequent 
self-induced explosive guffaws 
comes right after he says that a 
musician of his acquaintance 
plays “a mean faxophone." 

And then he'll fade away into 
some quiet comer of his mind 
in the middle of a conversation. 

He compares himself to a 
minor seventh chord — 

‘ “minor at the bottom, major on 
top." (That’s the way they're 
built, check ir out. I He says that 
he's a pastel color, somewhere 
“between a smile and a tear." 

His first album as leader was 
called "Man Biles Harmon- 
ica,” his song “Bluesette” has 
become a standard. His name is 
respected in many w-orlds from 
pop to avant-garde jazz. There 
is a childlike optimism about 
him, an air of nai vete. When he 
cites the important names and 
situations he has been asso- 
ciated with (it is often and they 
are many) — Charlie Parker 
("I was Bird’s puppy for a 
week”). Paul Sunon. Billy 
Joel. Ella Fitzgerald, Benny 
Goodman; the movies “Mid- 
night Cowboy” and “Jean de 
Florette;" the “Sesame 
Street’ ’ theme — it is more like 
a boy citing his favorite ball- 
players than name-dropping. 

David Sanborn told him, 
“Listening to you is like listening 
to an open heart." Quincy Jones 
calls him "simply the best mu- 
sician alive." When Jones needs a 
musician, he is not interested in 
some middleweight amateur cham- 
pion. He calls the best professional 
he can find — somebody like Joe 
Louis or Muhammed Ali. He calls 
Toots a lot. 

rewards; that you cannot be hon- 
est and rich at the same nme. 
Mass acceptance indicates su- 
perficiality in what is billed as a 
Sep product. Obviously there 
are exceptions and the situation 
has been evolving because of 
better educated playen i having 
learned lessons from bad ex- 
amples. StilL a faxophone vir- 
tuoso is suspect 

Financially, he has done.per- 
haps too well, not enough suf- 
fering maybe. Utis is why in 
addition to ail the top-of-the-hne 
work he can handle, he'U go out 
for basic wages for the music’s 
sake. At his age be is tired of 
being impressed, he wants to be 

He has recorded with the un- 
der-appreciated si ng er Shirley 
Horn; toured Japan with Jaco 
Pastorias’s Word of Mouth 
band; Scandinavia with Chet 

Chet taught him a lesson. As 
leader. Toots is always ready 
with snappy between -numbers 
banter in the interest of a well- 
balanced show, and the next one 
is always planned in advance. 
But * ‘with Chet it wasn’r even a 
show, it was ail music. Chet 
turned off the rest of the world 
when he played. At the end of a 
tune, we'd just sit there on stage 

in silence, sort of recovering.” 
After saying “1 know what I 

Chrmian Rwe 

The harmonica is something much sneezed at, so he doubles on guitar. 

Toots followed Jones’s casting 
philosophy when he chose "the 
best surgeon in Brussels for my 
200.000-mile checkup.” Despite a 
case of asthma, and a stroke a while 
back, the old engine continues to 
hum right along there thank you 
very much. 

He recently recorded a com- 
mercial for the- Belgian telephone 

company. He can also be heard on 
commercials for Dou Egberts cof- 
fee and Volvo cars. The Siemens 
corporation paid him handsomely 
to record a giveaway CD as a 
product promotion. The publicity 
read: “Free parking and a Toots 
Thielemans record.” 

Many think that high-quality 
jazz should earn ax most modest 

can and cannot do." he picks op 
a guitar ftom its stand next to the 
easy chair facing his glowing 
hearth, strums it and muses: “As 
an encore now I do an a cappella 
“ 'Round Midnight.’ You know, 
that’s not a job for children; all 
of those fancy chords without 
accompaniment. You put your 
face in front of a lot of guys who 
have already proved themselves by 
doing that. 

‘ ‘O.K.. so I can do it too. But I’m 
frustrated. I feel that I haven ’t made 
enough of my own statement 
Loo Jong back, I think I have per- 
haps been too tame. Too much of a 
’good boy.’ Maybe it ail came too 


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T HE duo Brooks & Dunn were 
named entertainers of the year, as 
well as top duet at the 3 2d Academy of 
Country Music Awards, but the evening 
belonged to the teen sensation JLeAnn 
Rimes. The 14-year-old Rimes won 
trophies for best new singer, top single 
and best song for her yodeling rendition 
of “Blue." She won Grammy Awards 
for new artist and female country vo- 
calist earlier this year. George Strait, 
who made a rare appearance without his 
trademark cowboy hat, won two 
awards: top male singer and best album 
for "Blue Clear Sky.” “I knew that hat 
was bad luck." he said. Patty Loveless 
won her second consecutive award for 
best female singer. 

“The Last Will and Testament of Jac- 
queline Kennedy Onassis" with Carroll 
& Graf. Other than a few photographs, a 
chronology of her life, her death cer- 
tificate and a who’s who of her be- 
neficiaries. the S 1 8 book is almost solely 
a reproduction of the will. Adler, whose 
previous books include “The Uncom- 
mon Wisdom of Jacqueline Kennedy 
Onassis: A Portrait in Her Own Words/’ 
bad a copy of the will made in Surrogate 
Court in New York. Wills are in the 
lublic domain once they have been pro- 
ated. He conceded that * ‘a lot of people 
will view this as an invasion of privacy, 
but it is not as if I stole it from her home 
in the middle of the night." 

mg to sell it on street corners if we have 
to. ’ Flynt. whose story was told on 
screen last year in “The People vs. Larry 
Flynt,' ’ was convicted of pandering ob- 
scenity and engaging in organized crime 
for trying to sell the magazines. The 
conviction was later overturned, but it 
led stores to stop selling the magazine. 

couldn't attend because of a minor ill- 
ness. "These are four of the greatest 
people I have ever known," Motown 
founder Berry Gordy Jr. said; "They 
were major pros even before they came 

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Kix Brooks, left, and Ronnie Dunn with their Country Music Awards. 

With all the words written about Jac- 
queline Kennedy Onassis during her 
life and since her death in May 1994. it 
would not seem likely that there would 
be a subject left for another book. Yet 
BUI Adler, who has written, edited or 
packaged more than 120 books, has 
found one: her will. He is publishing 

Larrv Flynt is bringing Hustler back 
to a city- that banned iL The publisher 
says he's going to sell the sexually ex- 
plicit magazine in Cincinnati, where he 
was prosecuted and jailed in 1977. 
"They say if anybody sells it in Cin- 
cinnati, they're going to be arrested." 
Flynt was quoted as saying in the 
Dayton Daily News. “Well, we're go- 

Tehran authorities have prohibited the 
Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami from 
presenting his latest film. * ‘The Delicious 
Taste of Cherries," at the Cannes film 
festival next month, he said. Speaking on 
Radio France Internationale, Kiarostami 
said a deputy culture minister responsible 
for cinema had told him that the movie 
should have been shown first at the 
Tehran festival in February. 


A settlement with environmentalists 
has allowed George Lucas to include an 
$87 minion film-production complex 
and office building on his Skywalker 
Ranch in California. Environmentalists 
sued the "Star Wars" creator, saying 
the complex would ruin die beauty erf 
die area and set a precedent that could 
allow sprawling growth. But they 
agreed to drop the suit after Lucas prom- 
ised to buy two nearby ranches and 
leave their combined 1,235 acres (about 
500 hectares) as open space. 

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The Four Tops have the newest star 
on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Three 
members of the quartet — Levi Stubbs, 
Abdul (Duke) Fakir and Renaldo 
(Obie) Benson — participated in the 
unveiling of the star. Lawrence Payton 


Three former presidents are to bl 
honored by the Polish city of Gdansk: 
George Bush of the United States. 
Richard von Weizsaecker of Germany 
and Lech Walesa of Poland. 

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Cacli Republic* 






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