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Weed’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Monday, April 28, 1997 

No. 35.507 



Th^ Agree onNeed 
To Coordmate Polity 
On Current^ SudfUify 

I WASHINGTON — .Hnaoce minis-' 
. ten md cratral bmkem firmn de Groii^ 

of Seven indnstdalized conntDes siig- 
geaed Sunday dot l6e dollar's rise had 
•gtm far enoi\gfa, abd that weze 
. wffling to cooperate to keep world for- 
(ign'excbaii^ rates stal^ 

Japan's finance minister, Hhoshi 
■ Mitsuzuka, and the U.S. Treasury sec- 
' xetaiy. Robert Rubizu agreed to cooper- 
' ate **^)piopriat6lyaiidclosely''Qn1br- 
eign-»chaa|e issues, a Japanese 
mance Bduustiy ofiidai said. 

Mr. Mitsozoka readied a nmiiar 
agreement mih his Ge rman conntei^ 
part, Theo WngeL ' 

■ “Germany and Jq»n ^reed on the 
iraxntance of stable ennendes," Mr. 
lutsnzulm said after a trilateral ineetzDg, 
which came befme a meeting SondOT of 
the ofBdals fiom Ranee, Ger- 

rmuiy, Italy,' Jq»n, Britain and the 
United States. 

As for the dollar, Hans Tfetmeyer, the 
- pteside^oflheBundesbaok.sai& “We 
have said. that the miftaKgnw^^'p tg of ^ 
past have been ccmected. Now it must 
not come m an overshoot on the other 
side.” - 

G-7 finance ministers and central 
bankm agreed in Fdmaiy tiud dte dol- 
lar’s exchange rate had “corrected** 
fiom a plUQg&rn 1995 that took it to^ 
post-Wqrid war II low agrunst the yen 
and Deutsche Ar tfmt the 

dollar T^Knmded about 50 percent 
asainsc dK yen, to 8nnndl23 yoi, and 
25 percent a^i^ die mark, to 1 

But die xbetcxic then was .not fof- 
lowed tm widi any xoterventiai in fv- 
eigTHCxaiiutgg dcdlar 

hS risen smoe Zp crceritafflinst die yen 
and 4 percent agrmist die mark. 

The G-7 were expected m 

take a much aiemer stance after meedng 
&nu^. Mr. Tietineyer said befixe die 
meeting that he was “optimistic" 
Germany, the United States and Japan 
wonM agree tmexchai^ laiies. 

But econtmusts saulhtterveorion in 
foreign-excha&ge markets, if that is the 
course die'G-7 chooses to pursue, 
ably would iK>taccomidishxinich, g^ 
fundament economic ccm£tioiis 
wocldwideV U.S. eccmoiiiic grms^ is 
robust and uderest rates are rising, at- 
tracting investors to the dollar. On the 
odm hand, Eutt^ and Japem's econ- 
omic are mil sum in stafflation. 

T “There's hot a lot you can do about 
BiaL That's the real worid,' ’ said David 
Wyss, an ecmioixust at DRI-MicGraw 
Hm fa Lexington, Massachusetts. 

RomJman's point of view, the rising 
dollar and sliding yen threaten to un- 
Bemdne global coimdence in its shaky 
fiiwiffgl madeecs. Rom the U.S. per- 
spective, a strengtheniDg dollar can 
wi^ die o»de defidt ^ making Ainer- 
kan goods more expensive on overseas 
marimts. But a stxmig dollar helps to 
hold dowo'U.S. inflation by redndng 
the cost of iixqxnis. Already, UB. auto- 

See G-7, Pag 9 9 

Turkish Government 
Struggles to Survive 

But Concessions Might Not Work 

By Stq>beD Kinzer 

Sew York Tunes Service 

Knob btoqwd ho* 

rlrewolte eiqiloding Sunday over Tsing Ma bridge linking the mainland part of Hong Kong to i ^ntan Island. 

Hong Kong Fetes Its New Gateway 

CanAJ bf Oir Di^mcia 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong cel- 
ebrated die openmg Sunday of a spec- 
tacular new suqidision bri<^ bardy a 
week after a suspected sab^ge at- 



Tens of thousands of people flocked 
to take part in the last big British h«ii 
before a final major rou^ of celebra- 
tions gets under way to mark the han- 
dover of die coldi^ to Quna on July 1, 
Rreweska aodJasos lit up the ni^ 
sl^ in a grand finale to a ceremony foat 
began as the sun slipped b^ind the hills 

oi Kowloon Pmineuia As the shadows 
kngtfaeaed, fanner Prime Minister 
Mafgaret Thatcher of Britain, who 
sigo^ die 1984 treaty governing tte 
handover of Hong i^g to Chin», de- 
clared open vdiat she called “an izn- 
pressive and inspiriog entrance to dns 
modem city.” 

The 22-kflometer-long (t.36-mile- 
long) Tsing Ma brid^ links the Hong 
Kong part of the mainland to Lantau 
Island and the islet of Chek Lap Kok, 
where a S21 billico airport is m qieo 
next year. Its main span IS 1377 meters 

(4,475 feet) long. There was one no- 
tioeabie absentee fiom the ranks of 
Hong Kong society — Tung Giee-hwa. 
Hong Kong’s fithm leader. Mr. Tung, 
who will take over fiom Governor Chris 
Patten when the Britisb depart at mid- 
night Jane 30, spent the ^y in Ghma 
dtamssing ways of stemming a tide of 
illegal child immigrants streaming mm 
die territory. 

Large crowds jammed areas near the 
lit-up bidge m watch fireworks flash in 

See BRIDGE, Page 9 

ISTANBUL — The government of 
Prime Minister Necmetnn Etbakan, 
modem Turkey's first leader fiom an 
Islamic par^. straggled Suiuiay to resist 
intense ^essure ^m milit^ com- 
manders and secularist politicians but 
was unable to stem predictions it 
would fall soon. 

At a meeting of the powerful National 
Security Coimdl on Saturday, Mr. 
Erbakan reportedly agreed to support a 
change in the educationaJ system aimed 
at rraucing die impact of ndigious 
teachings. He bad been resisting the 
chanu, which would increase the num- 
ber or years pupils must spend in public 
school before they may attend Islamic 

But one influential member of Par- 
liament fiom Mr. Erbakan's party, Salih 
Ktqiusuz, said he hoped the party would 
“do all it can to oppose such a pro- 
posal." His statement suggested tbu it 
would be difficult for Mr, Erbakan to 
retreat fiom his Islamist pt^ides. 

Two members of Mr. Erbakan's cab- 
inet resigned over the weekend, and 
Turkish newspapers reported that others 
might soon do so. Several influential 
commentators have predicted that the 
lO-mooth-old government will not sur- 
vive more than a weeks. 

The two ministers who announced 
their resignations Satur&y, H^tfa 
Minister of Yildirim Aktuna and Trade 
Minister of Yalim Erez, said they were 
angered by Mr. Erbakan’s reluctance to 
reverse some of his Islamist policies as 
be had agreed to do in February 

‘We’re Catching the Refugees and KiUing The 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 


. ' BAFWASENDE, Zaire r^.As he 
sttode confidently down foe tod clay 
road tiiat parted ^ jun^, the young 
-rebel soldier was pertec^y candid 
about Ins misrion. - 
“We'to cj^jtirag the Rwandan 
he said placidly. “We’re 
tbimi arid kdling them. '* 
Asked to lepcat that, be elaborated 
wifoout embaxrassoient. 

- “Every day we kin foem,*' he smd 
w^a shrag. “Ihey fled, so they mast 
be bad pet^e. So we catdi foem and 
take them l^k to otH* commander, and 
dial we JcilLtiiem.” 

The cotnrnander was less talkative. 
He declined to answer questitms and 
instead intem^ated a reporter and 
photogta{dierbdore eventually allow- 
ing tliCT to proceed — with a ban on 
photogrqfos — cat a five-day journey 
tinon^ tins region of norfoeasiiem 

said tiiai no foreigDexs had 
been in the area formal^ months, for 
the <me-lane dirt road tiiat knifes 
throu^ diejun^ison titefiratliaeof 
tiiree mtertwined wars, 

dilapidated port on foe ^er in 
the center of the country, is tiie fight of 
•which the young rebel spoke; T& ef- 
forts by die rebels to track down and 
kin hard-line Rwandan Hutu 'who are 

cm the rnn fiom their own ; 
and fiom the AUiaoce of Democraiic 
forces for the Liberation of die Coigo, 
the rebel group that controls a growing 
'share of-Zaiie. 

These Rwandans are not the 80,000 
or so on the outrions of Kisangani wfoo 
wanted to go home but who in recent 
days were driven fiom their camps by 

Altbou^ naost of the Rwandan 
refugees m Zaire are women and chil- 
dren. many of the men are fonner 
SOlfoCT or militia members who took 
in massacres of members of the 
Xntsi ethnic group in Rwanda nearly 
three years ago; some bad also been 
aimed by Zaire's crumbling govern- 
ment to fight against the alliance 
rebels. The rebels see them as guer- 

rillas who axe still combatants in 
Zaire's civil war. 

Some of these hard-line refugees 
headed west, to the diminishing area 
that remains 'ander the control of the 
govemmenL But according to villagers 
and rebel fighters, foousands of these 
Rwandans are also trying to make their 
way east tiuougfa the dorse juogle of 
this reejon, so that tiiey can retum to 

The rebels have set up a series of 
checkpoints east of Kisangani to try to 
catch aiw of these Rwanda^ and it was 
at one of these cbeclqxitnis ih 0 the rebel 
filter made his comments. The rebels 
are young, some in their early teens, but 
th^ casiudly lug aroimd thw subma- 
phme guns, band grenades and missfle- 
laund^ as if they were toys. 

As darkness settles on the jungle, 
fears grow about ambushes almig ibe 
narrow road, and idiel sentries grow 
jumpy at their checkpoints, nervously 

•V « 

Rwandan Hutu refugees bdng transported across the Zaire River. 


everyone else. 

People scurry to tiie safety of the 
towns, and a tense quiet endins until 

Trucks of these rebels occasionally 
roared down the road, and at least one 
contained trussed-up men who appar- 
ently were Rwandiuis. But for all the 
talk of killings, a reporter saw no bod- 

See REFUGEES. Page 9 

pressure from the military. Both men are 
members of foe coalition government's 
secular partner, the True Patii Party. 

Mr. Erbakan's coalition has looked 
increasingly shaky in recent weeks. 
Leaders of other parties have met apd 
agreed on a list of political and business 
figures who could serve as ministers in a 
new. non-lslamist government. 

Military commanders, who view 
themselves as guardians of the coun- 
try's secular principles, have been in- 
creasingly vo^ in iheir criticism of Mr. 
Erbakan’s Islamist policies. 

The criticism reached a new level 
after Mr. Erbakan returned last week 
fiom a pilgrimage to Mecca. One com- 
mander, General Osman Ozbek, went so 
far as to describe him as “a pimp” for 

See TURKEY, Page 9 

Join Forces 
In Plea for 

PHILADELPHIA ~ President Bill 
Clinton, flanked by two former pres- 
idents. called Sunday on Americans to 
volunteer for community service and 
foen set an example ^ painting over 
graffiti in a gritty Phil^llfoia neigh- 

Shoulder to shoulder with George 
Bush and Jimmy Carter at the start of the 
three-day Pn^dents' Summit for 
America's Future on Volunteerisra. Mr. 
Qinton told several thousand people ai 

Volunteers do limited good. Rige 3. 

a battered sports siadium that it was 
their duty to serve ibeir communities. 

“I want to redefine the meaning of 
citizenship in America.' ' foe president, 
dressed in a short-sleeved shirt and 
khaki work pants, told the volunteers. 

“To be a good citizen you have to 
obey the law, you've got lo go to work 
or be in school, you've got to pay your 
taxes and — oh yes — you've got to 
serve in your community to help make it 
a better place.' ' be said. 

“This country has produced a lot of 
joto in the last four years. But we’re still 
losing too many kids to crime, to drugs, 
to not having a decent income.” 

The nonp^san conference, whose 
oo-chainnan is foe nrtired general Colin 
Powell, brings together representatives 
from Washingftxi. corporate America, 
reli^ous organizations and communis 
service groups m promote volunteering. 

After the rally, Mr. Clinton arul Vice 
President Ai Gore, with their wives, 
helped p^t over graffiti on foe exterior 
of a building housing a community 
swimming pool near the stadium. 

Recovering from a tom tendon in his 

See CLINTON, Page 9 

From North Korea, Tales of Desperation 

Chinese Traders TeU of Cannibalism as Famine Grips the Countryside 

By Seth Faison 

Sew York Tones Service 

• LEE ISLAND, North Korea — Un- 
der a bright afiemoon sun, a dozen 
women in red kezchiefs and x^ged 
trousers scoured a field of witiiered 
torostalks fix tiie few ^^owing fau^ 
foal rematped edible, a sign of the fiigfat- 
ful desperation now gripping North 

wwiWfllrahle ^m^ainns' is becoming 
evi^nt fiom tiie honor stoiitt now 
seeping out — of starving babies re- 
foaced to and bone, of women 
' Mtiiirip tbeir rfaitghtar g, of families re- 
sorting to canmbaUsm to survive. 

Farmlands, ravaged by the flood last 
year, are perdiied and yidd almost notii- 
ing. In the calanuQf, rural North 

Koreans liave grown accustomed to eat- 
ing grass and baik. But now even those 
are raUiog into short su^y, as tiie so- 
cialist paiMise their leadm always de- 
scribed seems to be grinding to a halt 

North Korea, still one of the most 
secretive nations in the world, bars all 
but a small numbet of traders and of- 
ficiid visitors, and tbeir itiaecaries are 
tightly eoQttolled, malting it bard to 
gau^ die full dhnension of tiie eco- 
nomic and political disaster. 

Yet the u^ency of the situation is 
evident along the long border with 
China, both fiom foe stories thai 
Chixiese traders bring back, uid from tire 
signs visible on Lee Islan d, just inside 
foe border. 

Even the firontier guards, onoe stem 
symbols of the Nortifs unbending self- 
control, are now begging fra cigarettes. 

liquor and food, in tiiat order. “Have 
any cigarettes?" asked foe head of the 
five-man border guard oo Lee Island, a 
finger of land in foe Yaiu River dividiiig 
North Korea firan China. 

The officer, who gave his name as 
Park, allowed a pair ra visioors onto the 
island because they accompanied a 
Qiznese trader ufoo had given him a 
pack of Chinese cigarettes tiie day be- 
rore, worth 12 cents. 

hfr. Park shook his head when asked 
about fiuming conditions and about 
smuggling, which Chlnasi* residents 
near tire border say is growing, as des- 
perate officials sell anything foey can, 
and guards like Mr. look the other 

“Uiey're selling govemmeni cars 
See FAMINE, 9 


Prodi Foes Are Poised to Gain 

ROME (^uters) — Candidates bacired by Italy’s center- 
'it o;^30sition Freedom Alliance led in mayoi^ races in 
an and Turin after ibe fust round of local elections on 
Sunday, television exit wUs showed. In Milan, foe key 
contest in more than 1.100 towns and cities, foe outgoing 
mayor, Marco Formentini of the Northm L^gue. was 
knocked out of the second round nm-off, tiie polls said. 

Earlier article. Page 9 

Canada calls elections 17 months early. Page 3. a Traiy 
Blair keeps, his guard up. Page 5. • Cbirac courts 
opponents ofsocial cuts. Page 5. • Seething fhistra- 
tkms in Papua New Guinea. Page 4. 

Books Psge?. Crossword. 

Spenaored Section 

Pages f-n 

htmmatfonal Ctsasttfed 



EHfc HMtTTV AwocMd PKa 

NEW CXiOUT? — A woman waiting to vote Sunday 
in parliamentary elections in Yemen. Page 4. 

Nawsatand Prices 

Andona .... 
[.Egypt .— 
Gabon ... 

..-.lOtiOFF Mmooqo ...... 760 b 

.M. 12 H 1 FF Qatar tOOORiBls 

..T^CFA B«imn 72.50 FF 



Jaidan... UAE. — ;-.ia00P*h 

Lebtoon. 1L34XX) US. ML (Bjt.)— .5150 

Police Brutality Video Shows Brazil It Can Happen to Anybody’ 

By Gatoiel Escobar 

SAO PAULO — Back when Brazil was a 
colony, foe Portu^se autiiorities “cleansed" 
oeighboihoods by rounding up suspects and ship- 
pinithem off to Africa without trial.-As lateas ^ 
1930s, underirabites .Were exhadited to the in- 
h^ii^le Amazon and not heard firan again. ' 
E%w today, Bra^u gerremors have tiieirmil^ 
itary police. Amid such crime as a prisrai riot, a 
' land occupation and drug d^ing over the last few 

years, these armies have been told to resrare order, 
and the result has been dead troublemakers. 

This hismty is an important backdrop to what 
emer g ed when a hidden camera slowly j»nned the 
intersection of two grimy and now infamous streets 
in a very pora pocket of tiiis megalopolis. Os- 
tensibly gomg aftcf troubleaual^, the police of- 
ficers videraimed over three consecutive nights in 
Maidi by a nee-lance cameranum were clearly 
waging a Systematic war m dvilians. 

Some Brazilians see the 90-ininute videotape, 
parts of which were broadcast on aalional tele- 

vision three weeks ago. as an indictment of a 
society that tends to believe criminals shMid be 
subjected to rough justice, preferably on the spot. 

^at has proved most fiighteniire to many 
Brazilians is that the t^ets of this paro^ar abuse 
were not miscreants. They were ww-abidine cit- 
izens who unwittingly entered a world where 
people are fvesumed guilty, beaten and even shoe 
dead for no apparent reason. 

“Tlie moment this was shown on television, this 
crude deed, h changed peopte," said Luiz Antonio 
Guimarea.*? Marrey, foe attorney general for the 

state of Sao Paulo. “It was no longer a piece of 
papra. an article in a newspaper. There were real 
victims. Ii showed that if it can happen to tiiem, it 
can happen to anybody.” 

The videotape — more violent than the Rodney 
King episode in Los Angeles and expand^ to a 
full-length film — in effect put every Brazilian at 
foe intersection of Naval and Jose Francisco Braz. 
streets that cut through a small shantytown In 
southern greater Sao Paulo. The 15 people whom 

See BRAZIL, Page 9 




‘Human Endurance 7 Whispers and a Secret Transmitter 

How Lima Hostages Fought Back 

By Gabriel Escobar 
and Molly Moore 

Post Service 

L ima — whispers and winks. 
Sanmiel Matsuda looked for- 
w:^ to both. In the reduced 
universe of ihe second floor of 
the Japanese ambassador's residence 
— in the cramped bedrooms, along the 
narrow corridor that doubled a$ an in- 
door track. near the stairs beyond w-hich 
the 72 hostages seldom strayed — these 
were small signs of salvation. 

Since mid-March, three months in- 
to the hostage-taking that paralyzed 
Peru, a knot of captives had been 
parsers in a conspiracy that linked 
their lives to the outside world. A 
select few that included Mr. Matsuda 
— a Peruvian congre.ssman and senior 
member of ^sident Alberto 
Fujimori’s governing parry — knew 
that a small transmitter smuggled into 
the second floor had given them con- 
tact with the government and a role in 
their liberation. 

Flying high above the residence. 
Peruvian sources say, was an RU-3SA 
Twin Condor surveillance airplane 
that provided Penivian inielligeoce 
services with eyes into the building. 
Beneath the grounds of the once-el- 
egwt compound, according to Mr. 
Fujimori, miners toiling since January 
dug closer and closer, constructing a 
network of reinforced tunnels. 

But it was the rudimentary intel- 
ligence provided by these hostages, 
describing the routine of their 14 
captors and. most importandy. their 
midaftemoon soccer game, that in the 
end delivered them from captivity. 

The drama of Tuesday's rescue, in 
which all but one of the hostages sur- 
vived and all 14 hostage-takers of the 
Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Move- 
ment were killed along with three Pe- 
ruvian commandos — two in the at- 
tack and one who ^ed Saturday — was 
the final chapter of an extraordinary 

The 126-day crisis was llrst and 
foremost "a story of human endur- 
ance,” in the woi^ of Anthony Vin- 
cent. Canada's ambassador to Peru, 
who was at ftrst a hostage and later a 
key intermediary. 

The international crisis initially in- 
volved dozens of countries — more 

than 500 people wens taken in the 

end of December, and a few more 
during January. For those who re- 
mained. whai* emerges from imer- 
views with former hostages is a night- 
mare that sparmed 3.019 hours. 

Mr. Matsuda entered the grounds of 
the residence at 7:55 P.M. on that 
Tuesday. The annual reception, in 
honor of Emperor Akihiio's birthday, 
was an elaborate affair. 

“It was about 8:20 P.M.. 8:25 P.M.. 
and there was u loud explosion behind 
us,” Mr. Matsuda recalled. ‘‘I told 
them. 'It's a car bomb! It's a ear 
bomb!' ■' 

Within seconds, machine guns were 
going off. Guests rushed into the 
bulld~ing. a.ssuming it would provide 
cover. Mr. Matsuda saw his first guer- 
rilla. a young woman who looked 
about 16. 

He was ordered upstairs, where a 
short, heavyset man with a mustache 
w'as sitting. Three days later the hos- 
tages would learn this was Nestor 
Cerpa Canolint. 43. the leader of the 
rebels. He looked at Mr. Matsuda. 
pointed down the hallway and said. 
’’That room.” It was already crowded 
with other congressmen in.side. 

As hostages were released and the 
residence became roomier, the routine 
was established. The bedrooms be- 
came known as pavilions. A rebel 
slept in each room with the hostages at 
night, but during the day the hostages 
were allowed to move about the 
second floor. ITie rebels had a com- 
mand post on that floor but did not 
always keep someone in each room. 

"He had a visceral hatred of the 
government and of Peru’s president m 
particular." Mr. Matsuda said. *’He 
said what he always said: ''The fun- 
damental objective of the takeover is 
the liberation of all the fmsoners, and 
we will not give up until we achieve 
this.’ ” 

Even though the others w’ere treated 
well, the psychological torture made it 
difficult to get rest. Nearly every day. 
several rebels would burst into a room 
in the middle of the night and point 
machine guns in their direction. 

One day in early March. Cerpa led 
two mediators in the crisis — Mr. 
Vincent, the Canadian ambassador. 

and Bishop Juan Luis Cipriani — to a 
room on the first floor where furniture 

opening assault Dec. 1 7. many of them 
diplomats. Many were released by the 

T he rebels became more than 
faces behind a mask. There 
was Tito, who was respon- 
sible for the military oper- 
ation and always carried a notebook in 
which the schedule for guard duty, 
posts and other details were kept. 
Ce^. Tito and two others named 
Rojas and Salvador were the senior 
members of the group. 

Of the 10 rebel ‘‘troops," ail under 
2 1 . one was known for being mentally 
"slow." His name was never learned 
and the hostages took to calling him 
Twenty-Two for the number on his 
bandanna. Once, to their horror, he 
described how he liked to kill police 
officers and decapitate them. 

The rebels had precise tasks. Sev- 
eral were assigned to go to the hos- 
tages in the event of an attack. Cerpa 
also talked to the hostages at length. 

was piled up. The rebels had removed 
the rug. revealing the floor's concrete 
slabs.'i^e of the hostages put his ear 
to the floor, and the sounds of digging 
were audible. 

"Listen!" Cerpa commanded. 

‘ 'We could hear the noise under the 
floor — the chink, chink. They were 
building the tunnels." Mr. Vincent 
said. "And they knew." 

Cerpa immediately broke off the 
stagnated negotiations with the gov- 
emmenL But. inexplicably, he took no 
new precautions against attack. 

Instead, in a homing move, the hos- 
tage-takers chose to move the only 
hostages in the downst^rs area — all 
Japanese diplomats and businessmen 
— to the second floor of the residence, 
rather than leaving them on the first 
floor, where they would have been a 
greater detenenc against an assault. 
This proved crucial, leaving only 
rebels on the ground floor when the 
rescuers blasted their way through the 
floor from a tunnel. 

The captivity was particularly dif- 
ficult for the rnilitary and police of- 
ficials among the hostages. They were 
kept in one room and said they felt 
humiliated by the circumstances. The 
rebels frequently made verbal jabs at 
them. The Peruvian officers would 
respond by bellowing the national an- 
them or marching songs. For others, 
the psychological toll mounted. 
Memory loss set in — one hostage 
could not remember the name of lus 
longtime neighbor. 

And the rebels were getting sloppy. 
"Over four months you could see the 
discipline ebbing away." Mr. Vincent 
said. "They were playing soccer and 
volleyball. When I would sit with 


A transnutter smuggled into the residence gave .the hostages a role in their own rescue. 
Above. Foreign Minister Francisco Tudela of Peru beir^ guided to safety. 

them in the negotiating sessions, ^eir 
wes^ns would be lying there within 
mv reach." 

'The big break in the rescue planning 
occurred 30 or 40 days ago, when 
communicatioo was established be- 
tween the hostages and Peru's intel- 
ligence service. Details of how it was 
set up are still unclear, but what is 
known is that hosta^s were able to 
transmit from the residence. Some of 
the transmission devices were 
smuggled in. apparently planted in 
items brought in by relief workers. 

S OME hostages began collect- 
ing infoimation on the rebels, 
tracking where they were at 
what times and then whisper- 
ing it into the ear of a hostage Mr. 
Matsuda called the Communicator, a 
fellow captive whose identity has not 
been made public. 

The link to the outside was now 
daily. Only a handful of people were 

privy to it. and those who were oc- 
casionally would be rewarded writh a 
conspiiatorial wink. 

At the same time, tiie mood inside 
the residence had bKome mote om- 
inous. ‘ ‘After four months, people were 
losing all sense of hope," Mr. Vinc^ 
said. Even the rebels had become "sick 
and tired of the whole tiling." 

Tuesday, the day of the rescue, 
began like any other. By then the 
hostages had learned to fill their hours. 
Mr. Matsuda got up about 6:30 A.M. 
and walked the corridor for 30 
minutes. There were the joggers, 
mainly police and military men. At 8 
A.M. the rebels performs the equi- 
valent of yard exercises. At about 9 
A.M. the radios were turned on. Hos- 
^es moved from room to room as 
s. designated as cleaning crews. 

woriced. People read, worked on jig- 
saw puzzles and played chess or mah- 
jongg until about noon. There were 
classes taught by hostages or Red 

Cross wcMkers: ^ench on Mondays 
and Tuesdays; Span^ every day. Tte 
Red Cross brought in lunch at 1 P.M. 
Siesta was until 3 P.M. The J^nnese 
exercised in the afternoon. 

It was after the siesta that this Tues- 
day ceased being routine, hfr. Mat- 
suda was in the bathroom. The Com- 
municator whispered. "Stay calm. 
Stay calm. They are coming to get us 
in a few minutes. When it starts, throw 
yourself on the ground. 

And then it happened. Mr. Matsuda 
recalled: "\^en tiie explosion went 
off, we threw, ourselves on the 

One commando jumped on top of 
him. "Friend?" he ask^. 

"Yes. ftiend." 

All stayed on die ground until com- 
mandos told them to crawl out onto the 
terrace. Smoke billowed from the 
roof. Guns were going off. Mr. Mat- 
suda followed tiie otters down a lad- 
der. He stood in the garden, free. 



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Peng Zhen, Communist Elder, Dies 

. 'Si ■'Se 

' I. ' 

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The .Atsociated Press 

BEIJING — Peng Zhen, 95. a victim 
of Mao Zedong's radical purges who 
returned to power and help^ to create 
legal checks on arbitrary uses of power, 
died Saturday of an undisclosed illness. 

Mr. Peng's longevity and political 
influence made one of China's 
"Eight Immortals,' ' a phr^ describing 
the elderly veterans of the Communist 
revolution who set policy from behind 
the scenes through the 1980s. 

Frail and confined to a wheelchair in 
recent years, the former mayor and party 
chief of Beijit^ made his most recent 
appearance in September. 

In 1966. Mr. Peng used his position in 
the capital to ^ to block criticism of a 
play that Mao interpreted as an attack on 
him. Mr. Pei^ thus became an early 
victim of the CTulturaJ Revolution. 

He spent 12 years in rural exile, the 
only period from 1945 to 1987 that be 
was not on the Communist Party 's Cen- 
tral Committee. 

After his rehabilitation in 1979. he 
worked to build a body of law to prevent 
the re-emergence of arbitrar>' rule. In 
1982. he helped draft a new constitution 
that expanded the role of the National 
People's Congress. 

.As chairman of the congress in the 
1 980s. Mr. Peng was suspected of using 
the body to set up his own power base in 
rivalry to Deng Xiaoping. He some- 
times opposed Mr. Z^ng. especially 
when the reforms seemed to let in in- 
fluences from the WesL 

Mr. Deng forced Mr. Peng's retire- 



ment from party and government 
in 1987-88. at the same time Mr. 
gave up most of his posts. 

Eugene Stoner, 74, Developed 
U.S. Forces* M-16 Assault Rifle 

NEW YORK (NVT) — Eugene 
Stoner. 74. who developed the M-16 
American assault rifle while tirikering at 
night in his garage, died Thursday of 
cancer 'm Palm City. Florida. While he 
had no formal engineering education. 
Mr. Stoner was widely regarded as a 
foremost designer of small arms. His M- 
16 has been standard issue for the U.S. 
armed forces since 1963. 

He held some 100 patents and was a 
co-founder of Ares Inc., a weapons re- 
search and development company. He 
was the company's chairman until he 
sold his interest 10 years ago. He con- 
tinued working on small-arms design 
and development at the Knight Man- 
ufacturing Co., completing a longer- 
range. .50-caliber semiautomatic rifle 
within the last few months. 

Pat Paulsen. 69, Comedian 
And Perennial Candidate 

NEW' YORK I NVT) — Pat Paulsen. 
69. the mournful-looking comedian 
who ran five tongue-in-cheek races for 
the presidency, died Friday in Tijuana. 
Mexico, where he was being treated for 
cancer. He died of complications from 
pneumoru'a and kidney failure. 

Mr. Paulsen bec^e a household 
name in 1968 when he announced on 
"The Smothers Brothers Comedv 

Hour' * that he was running for president 
under the Straight Talking American 

Pilots Strike in France 

Government Party, or STAG. The joke 

It Pain-. 

took on a life of its own. as he cam- 
paigned in one election after another, 
using slogans like "We Cannot Stand 
Pat,’ ' " We Can Be Decisive, Probably 
and "United We Sit." 

PARIS lAFPi — A three-day-old 
strike by pilots at the French domestic 
carrier Air France Europe cut flights by 
half Sunday and was to continue 
Monday, management and unions said. 
The airline said it could guarantee 60 

are protesting conditions diccaced in Air 
France's tak^ver of the airline, which 
was called Air Inter. 

BA Shuts Palis Counter 

Nancv Claster. 82, who entertained 
and educated a generation of children as 
Miss Nancy, the prototypical teacher on 
television *s "Romper Room. ' ‘ died Fri- 
day at her home in Baltimore. 

percent of flights, but unions said the 
subsi^arv of Air France would be 

Rose Bigman. 87. W'alier wrmcheli's 
formidable "girl Friday" who worked 
seven days a week shielding the colum- 
nist from his enemies, fending off his 
friends and serving him with slavish 
devotion for more than three decades, 
died Wednesday in New York. 

forced to cancel more than half of flights 
after pilots voted Saturday to renew the 
strike for 48 hours. 

The routes most affected by the strike 
were flights from the Paris airport Orly 
to Nice. Marseille and Toulouse. But the 
airline said flights from the other Paris 
airport. Charles de Gaulle, and those 
between other French cities, would not 
be affected 

Pilots are to vote again Monday on 
w'hether to extend anew the strike. They 

PARIS (AFPJ — British Airways, 
citing security concerns, closed its 
check-in counters at Chailes de Gaulle 
Airport on Sunday for the period in 
which Air Algerie handles flights there, 
a spokesman said. 

BA. which said Air Algeria was ".at 
risk" of being a terrorist target, said it 
was particularly concerned that the two 
airlines share a baggage conveyor belt. 
Air Algerie resumed service to E^s on 
Friday after a two-year suspension. 

This Week's Holidays 

Banking and government offices will 
be closed or services curtailed m the 

foUowing countries and their depeod- 
encles this week because of natitmal and 
religious holidays: 

MONDAY, AlbHaa. Bcbms. Bulgaria. 
Cyprus. Egypi. Gnecc, bneU Lebanon. MaUera. Ro- 
mania. Sertria. Siam Leone, South Africt, Ubaine.~ 

TUESDAY: Jepoi. 

WEDNESDAY: Netbeilands. ■ 
THURSDAY: Alleoioiinesese^:Atmem^A 

AuaraUa. Azeriaijan, Bahamas. BahniiL BennadiL.*' 
Bbuan, Bdiain, Branei, Chtoda, Oenmnfc. Geoi:^ 
Guam. Hong Kong, Indone sia . Iran, bdand, IsneT 
lenwca. Japan, Kuuin. Uberia. Libya, UdRioBa. Mdll- 
goba. NqMl, Nedmlaiids, New Zeabnd. Omun. Pueno 
Rico, Qaiar, Romania. Saudi Aiabia, Snn Letale. 
South EsORI. Sudan. Syna, Taiwan. Tajikistan. Tkidc^. 
Tbrltmenisan, United Arab United States.'*' 

FRIDAY: Bhutan. Rusaia. S er b ia . SknrenSb 
^Min. Ukraine. 

SATURDAY: J^nn. Poland. 

Sources: JP. Morgan, Reuters, 

himfe tlepw 

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^ Traffic Coal 

Bernard \'onn^t. 82. a physicist 
and one of the researchers who figured 
out how to induce rain by cloud seeding, 
died Friday of cancer in Albany. New 
^’ork. Mr. Vonnegut was a distinguished 
professor emeritus of almo^heric sci- 
ences at the Stale University of New 
Yori: at Albany. He was a brother of Kurt 
Vonnegut Jr., the novelisu 



Brian May. 63. former musical di- 
rector of the .Ausu-alian Broadcasting 
Corp.. died of a heart attack Friday in 
Melbourne. Mr. May was a prolific 
composer of scores for films, including 
"Mad Max" and "G^ipoli." 


The Famih' announce with 
regret the d^ih on < .April of 


aged 81 . who died at his 
home in Nw Rochelle. N.Y.. 

USA. He was the founder 
& president of Spoken Arts, the 

company who has released cn-er 

~O0 recordings of works by 
many f^ous poets & writm. 
He is survived by hb wife. Luce 
& •) chOdren: Judith 
iManhattam. Florence (Soma 
Barbara, Caj. Rosinc (New 
Rochelle) & Joel fBaltimore). 
also lus sister 
Sylvia Mdl (Scranton) 

'& 4 grandchildren. 

German Passport Holders 
heading for Singapore in 
April. 50% off at the 
stylish boutique hotel in 
Orchard Road, Singapore. 

a.Vmbr^Air Soil 

Fax z f es } 732 3366 

laicnKi ‘ bur'i.u-n.i'jrud.vOia.^g/lbMib 
E-flBii : aizattprepaafie.iWLje 


For iVjr;. Ue enl Academic Ewnence 
TTircogn Cornemsm Heme Sa.'iJy 
(808) 597-1909 EXT. 23 
Fai y send detsded resume for 

Pacific Western University 

1210 Auahi street Dept 23 
hcncbiiu, HI $6Sl4-:922 

See our 

.4 lHs and .Antiques 

pvprv Saturday 













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Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AoeuWeather. 




North America Europe Asia 

A departing storm will Ptomy o1 sunstiine in Lon< Cool in Belong with the 
dump ram on New England don and Paris Tuesday chance ter a shower 
Tuesday, but Wedrwsday through Thursday; each Wednesday, then sunny 
and Thursday will ba day wiR be a lima wanner, and mild Thursday. Tokyo 
mflder with some sunstwia Parriy sunny and season- and most of Japan wU w 
aecc» Via Nor^esL Vary able in Berlin Tuesday, pleasant with lots of aun 


warrn and humid m the then sunny and turning Tuesday and Wednesday! 

men cooler Thuradey with 
s. Partly 

Southeast witn acaileced warmer. Cool in centra'. 

thundarsKnriB. but clouds and eastern Europe with showers possible. . a,„, 
and rain will move horn the some showare, but slaad- sunny, warm md humid In 
centraf Plains to me Mid- ier rain will ba likely In Hong Kong with showers 
west Gteeoe and Tuikay. pos&ie. 


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At Abu Dhabi and Al Ain Airports, we give you the chance to win a fortune 
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ln:pnmepjr O^n/il. 73 rm dt TEeantile. 7 S 0 IS Paris. 





Is ^Summit' 


Much of 

-By Jason DeParie 

foit Soviec 

WASHINGTON — When the i«i» 
of die inaouanes teava 
Han iD Ffanad^iHa on Tae8(%, after a 
duee-day/*SQamdf' daat tvSI have 
diree pieadea^ 30 gowmas 

and dozens of coipoialB execatives to 
fiaiw 2 ^ pitaaofe v^diniteer weak, 
ODB inqindeocqaeslioil may remain: 
Does voihiiiteezian do any good? 
Hie eoimlicated answer, when 
measured is hand data and even han^ 
e:q)erience, is aloQg the lines of * "yes, 
bi^'* Both halves wiB be worth ne- 

Here’s Bill, the Wheelchair Comic 

— -V - 


.* \ 

chanen^ like fighting floods <a 
fireding vicdnis of natoru disastos. 
The **buts** are less ohfvknis. 
Nolde fiioii^ its aims may be, the 
nonprofit sector, where volanteers do 
their wodc, is often inffRcimt, on- 
detfinanced, laddng in rigaons eval- 
uation and largely exempt ftom the 
self-pdicmg that die mmoet coaxes 
from cofpontioDS and fliat decdons 
instill in go ve mm e a t 
What is mane, Ofdy a smafl smiono^ 
of volunteers woik <n die giit^ social 
proUems diat die PhiliKteWna con- 
fereoce seeks to address. Most grav- 
itate tow ar d cultural venues, like 
theaters and museums, and to activ- 
ities in thmr own neii^ibcifaoods 
not m dre nation's ghettos, udiete Mr. 
OioKai waotstD makean hmaccin die 
fives of the 2 milliQa “at iw^yoodis 
who are the otxiference's theme. 

To their cna^ die cKgamaeis of die 

healed: mentonog, after-sdiool pn>- 
grai^ healdi care, job trahung tmd 
sendee ^ die needy dnmelves. 

Despite the star-spengied hype sor- 
roundmg the gathenag,diere is reason 
to hope that volunteers can prove use- 
fid in at least some of diose areas. 

Mentodng, forinstanoek is one of the 
few caoego^ of votunleer wodc uddi 
a hft of soda] scaence on dieir side. 

While there are hundreds of ment- 
oring programs across the country, 
little concrete evidence showed that 
diey dM much good imdl ^ reseanA 
group Public/nivate Ventnres pub' 
fished a 1995 landmark study of the 

neon's oldest meotoang!^^^ 

Ibe researdiera fculowed 959 
youdislOto Idyeaiaafagefbrayear 
and a half and tbund dial dlC ytXIthB 
widi mentors were 46 percent less 
fikeiy to start nring drugs than those 

percent less filray to start drinking, 
and a diiid less fikeiy to hit someone. 
Ihey skipped half as many days of 

erh^l and madn «nal1 but Statist- 
ical^ significant inqirovemeats in 
tfaenjrade-point averages. 

“Ine results surprised us," said 
Gary Walker, head ci Piiblic;/Mvate. 
“They were really substantial." 

fivm so, there are reasons to be 
cautious about what tnentOEing pro- 
grams can achieve. The study followed 
^ youths for Mily 18 months, saying 
noramg about how diey fared fitter. Mr. 
Walker is quick to warn that other 
p i Miam s may not te as effective. 

Inere is reasoa to question vdiat 
voluiueers can do Rs mmy other cxm~ 
fereoce goals. While orgamzeis hope to 
advanoe the cause of erdumcing “mar- 
ketable skills'’ ameng die neabr, for 
instance, most job traming piogiaius 
have shown discouragmg madts. 

TV Associaud Prtis 

WASHINGTON — Repor t ers vvho 
cover the White House, P^ident Bill 
Clinton ays, are mUsing the boat on the 
campaign-finance scandal stories. 

wheeled onto the dais at the 83d 
Annual White House Correspondents 
Association Dinner, Mr. Clintm poked 
fun at the White House tec^que of 
issuing mountains of campaign-miance 
documents u a time. 

“You did miss a couple of good 
stories," be mid the reporters. 

Pollmg from a carton of “memos" 
the wesident continued: 

“Here's a memo from fteiold Ickes 
to Leon ^netta. Leon, FYL Maxwell 
Htxise coffee’s on sale this week for 
S3.49 a pound.' ' 

“Here's <»e," bfr. Qinton read. 
“Fot $10,000 ym can have a private 
meeting with Vice P^ident Gore 

Chretien Sets 
Canada Ibte 
For June 2 

OTTAWA — Confident that the op- 
porition is too to topple him, 
nime bfinisrer Jean Chretien called a 
federal election Sunday for June 2, 17 
months before his five-year term ex- 
pires. “i will be asking Canarfians to 
rive tire liberal Party a new mandate to 
miild on the record of the fiist four 
years," he s^ 

Mr. Chretien has goveroed for only 
dote and a years, but he has a widb 

lead in tiie polls over a b^y qilit op- 
positum that would help his pa^ sw^ 
to another election wetexy if voting 
trends hold until election day. 

Mr. Qnetien tried to show that relief 
was ahead after thg tnugh d ^ert riashing 

his govemmem earned out “Today we 
see mac foe ^ fo e end of *hft 
is mowing brighter, " he said. 

But Itt refusM to yield to calls fbr tax 
cuts by foe Conservative and Refbnn 
parties on his right, saying it would risk 
all tiie rSnuAa wt waA> *^to in- 
troduce a tax cut before the country can 

Alfooagh Mr. Chretien's popularity 
has ebbed sfigbtly after record-high rat- 
ing, tile libanls remain the only party 
with substantial suppmt. Recent JwUs 
show liberal baddng at around 4Sper- 
orat, wifo between lOto Ifrperoenteach 
for four rival parties. (keiaers, AP) 

to discuss reinventing govemmenL 
And for $20,000 you don't have to 

Mr. Clinton also lamented that his 
daughrer. Chelsea, 17, would be leaving 
for college socm: “The bad news is our 
only child is ^ing off to college. The 
good news is, it opens up another bed.- 

About 3,000 Washin^on media 
stars, politick figures and Hollywood 
ceiebniy guests — including Robert 
D^ifiro, (^orge Clooney. Alu Bald- 
win and his wife, Kim Basinger — 
attended tiie black-de affair Saturday 
night at a hotel in central Washington. 

Noting that reporteis were upset 
about not being notified in a timely 
manner after he injured his knee las 
manth, M*. Clinton promised a 

“m the spirit of reinventing gov- 

ernment, startiz^ tonight, we have de- 
cided to give ymi advanced notice of 
upcoming mi waps." tiie piesidem said, 
going on to reu a list of dates and 

Botii Mr. Clinton and the comedian 
Jon Stewart, the evening’s official 
entertainmeol, lampooned the $300,000 
loan that the House speaker. Newt 
Gingrich, received from former Sen- 
ator Bob Dole to pay an ethics pen- 

“If I'd known Bob Dole was that 
generous." Mr. Clinton said, “I’d have 
uivited him over for coffee." 

Mr. Stewait begged foe Federal Re- 
serve chainnan, Alan Greenspan, not to 
raise interest rates because, he said, he 
was looking for an ^lanment in New 

“I am at your mercy until Mr. Dole 
approves my loan," Mr. Stewart said. 


CUnton-Lott Bond 
Pays Off, for Now 

WASHINGTON — During the 
budget showdown of 1 995, the polit- 
ical consultant Dick Morris tri^ to 
resolve the impasse by forging a 
se c re t , backdoor connection betw^ 
two clients, Pfosideat Bill Cfiotmi 
and Senator Trent Lott, Republican 
of MississippL 

ft did not work. But two 3 rears 
later, the Democratic presideot and 
Mr. Lott, now tiie Repifolican Senate 
leader, have forged a bond that, for 
the mcanent at least, has paid off. 

The decisive, bipartisan Senate 
vote ratifying the Ch^eal Weapons 
CoDvesition last’w^ was foe first 
major test of the Qinton-Lott work- 
ing relationship and provided clues 
to what may become the new polit- 
ical dynamics in Washing^ as both 
sides move on to more difficult is- 
sues, such as the budget and cam- 
paign finance. 

The pitsid^ kept the public heal 
on Re^bficans tiiningh a series of 
can^gn-style events while sed^ 
a middle grmind through quiet give- 
and-take. Even as tiieir aid^ hap| »tftd 
over specific provisiozis of the treaty, 
Mr. Qinton and Mr. Lott dispensed 
with tiie middlemen and got cq the 
telephone personally, as ofrra as sev- 
eral Hmeg a week, to explore how far 
eadi other was wilfing to go. 

The same willingness to make 
concessions will prove carucia] in a 
budget co m promise. But the issues of 
taxes and social spending are more 

complex politically, touch on pri- 
orities far closer to ^ hearts of wth 
leaders and cany significantly great- 
er risks for imenial revolts if hard- 
liners in either party believe tiiey 
have been sold out (WP) 

Mexico Post Settled 

WASHINGTON — Governor 
William Weld of Massachusetts said 
over foe weekend that be had been 
offered the job as U.S. ambassador to 
Mexico and wmild accept 

Mr. Weld said he bad been told by 
the national security adviser, Samuel 
Berger, that he would be nominated 
for the job. 

"1 would accept the post if 
offered," Mr. Weld, SI, said. 

The post would p^lude him from 
participating in politics for at least 
the next few years, including the 
2000 ixesidential race, tiie R^ab- 
fican governor said. 

President Qinton is expected to 
nominate Mr. Weid this wesk. (AP) 

Quote /Unquote 

Newt Gingrich, Republican of 
Georgia, the House ^aker, on 
Democrats critical of his loan from 
Bob Dole to pay an ethics penalty: 
“fin *t it sad tiiat the Democrats dem 't 
have anything to say about stopping 
drugs? They don't have anything to 
say about cutting taxes or Mandng 
foe budget Why don't you ask them 
when th^ are going to get a lifb and 
have something positive to say about 
helping America?" (AP) 

Senate Republicans Seek More Power in Court Choices 

By NeU A. Lewis 

^ Newlerknnea Service 

WASHINGTON— Ibe Senate's 
Rqmblicans are moving to ooorider 
i a. series of far-ieachiiig measoses 
desigi^ ro bolster tiidr iofhieD^ 
seteiCTig fiederal judges and to in- 
hibit President Bill Qinton irom 

several 'prqpoids 
ponsidoed at a caucus last wedc, a 
gpiaii number of Rqnitdican sen- 
ators wo«^ have die power to block 
any immmees tiu^ thoqgbt were not 

cooservafive enot^ or were im- 
suimble for any otha reason. 

The proposed dia^ in proce- 
dures, dimte d by Senator PhD 
Gamm ofTexaSy would for foe first 
time give senators a kind of . veto 
power over nonunees to the nation's 
ll fedoal mipeals conrts, die levd 
just below ^ SiqKeme Court 

TraditirxiaUy, senators are able to 
exercise anthorify mily over nom- 
inees from their home stares to a 
lower level of court fon district 
co u rt s . Judges on ditt level have 
Ifttie ideological leeway, being 

mostiy bound by rulings of the Sn- 
preme Court and tqipeUate courts. 

The effort by Republicans to in- 
ciease tiieir influence is based <m the 
&ct that although the White House 
ocxninaies, the Republicans control 
foe Judimary Gonunittee and the 
Senate, botii of which most provide 
a majmity to confirm a judge. 

"we are trying to get a clearer 
defitution of \«&t & founders 
meant in the constitution when they 
gave tiie Senate tiie povw to advise 
and ty**w*r** on jiracial nomina- 
tions,' ’ M*. Gramm smd. 

Each aj^iellate circn it fypically 
enconmasses a number of states. 
Under Mr. Gramm's proposal, if the 
majority of Repubtican senators 
from tire states covered by a ciiouit 
object to a Cliutbn nominee, the 
R^Nican majmify oo the Judi- 
(aatry Committee woukl be obliged 
to loU tbe nomination. 

In additictti, tbe Senate Repub- 
licans ate also set to consider on 
Tuesday a meamre sponsored by 
Senator Slade Gorton of Washing- 
ton would requite the White 
House to get a^ance approval of a 

nominee’s Ideological background. 
Under that prt^saL tbe Republi- 
cans would flatly refuse to cemfirm 
any judicial nominee unless the 
president consulted in advance with 
tbe Republicans from tbe states in 
the Qomisee’s czrcuii. 

Senator Onin Hatdi of Utah, tiie 
chahtnan of tbe Judiciary Conimir- 
tee, has, however, become the man 
in tiie middle of die controversy. 
Under the irew proposals, be would 
lose some autiimty as chainnan of 
tbe Judiciary Committee and is 
likely to oppose them. 

A two-month 

j - i ■ 

Air Traffic Control Needs Reform, Audit Says 


By Matthew L. Wald 


ation Adnunistration, which suffered r^ 
ineiHeaitg of pOWCT fsBUies tiUt 
cfqiided tar traffle control cesilets 
/:.aroimd tiie conntry in 1994 and 199S, 
^ hi&d inadequate oversight of the i^ystem 
and lacked an accurate inventory of 
equipment, aoending to a report ^ 
req iectar genera] of the TranqiciitatidD 

npest said the agency has 
recognized its proUems and moved to 
correct then. 

The aviation ag^icy tdam^ old 
CquipnMxit and enors by technicians in- 

ures. But the injector general’s audit 
said tire agoK^ had lost tnrek of how old 
its eqoiiRnent was becanse there was no 
ceotralixed management. 

“As a resolx of fragn^ted ze^xm- 
sibilhy, 21 sqiarate cnBces issued 71 
orders, 7 standards arid 29 spedficaticttis 
addressing power issues,** It said. 

lire andi^ dated .^ail lA said that 
various offi^ o£ tire aviation agency 
had develop local daabases, “but no 
naticMiwide iirventmy exists." It found 
that 88 percent of the system’s gen- 
erafiMs, which have a useful life of. IS 
years, were more tixan 20 years old, texl 
half were more than 30 years old. Many 
replacement parts are no longer man- 


ufactored, tire report said. 

“TTus h am pered FAA’s dnlify to 
iden^ critical infcsmaticsi needed to 
modify or replace existing equipment,' ' 

A spokesman for tire agency , Anthony 
9^11^ stdd tiie audit mowM that tiie 
aviatira _^ency was now cm the right 
frack. “Tney anfoted us, drey agr^ 
with FAA actions and therefore they 
took no action of tbdr own," be said. 

Thomas Bisitiley, vice president of tire 
uniem tiiat refnesents air traffic techni- 
cians, said: “There were people ufoo 
knew what was there; maybe there were 
300 separate pecqtie who knew. Some- 
where drey were getting 300 snarate 
conqdaints about power syseins.*^ 

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Away From 

• Another late aftershock 

from the tteadly 1994 Nortii- 
lidge eaiyhquake. hit Sou thou 
Cambmia early Sunday, a 
day after a wa\« of quato hit 
tire same area. No injuries or 
serious damage were report- 
ed. Tbe 4.^magnitude quake 
Sunday was centered about 
13 nm^ kUometers) 

northwes of the 1994 Nixib- 
ridge earthquake, which 
irilled 72 pmple and caused 

lullion in {xoperty dam- 
age. (AF) 

• A debt-riddea truck driver 
apparently dumped a ship- 
mere of four unamred air force 
fwigcii«»g iQ Texas after his 
a^pai iy refused to give him a 

advnsce, accoidiog to 
FBI doenments released Sat- 
urday. Roiald Coy was arres- 
ted nulay at a truck stop in 
Oran^ several bouts after tbe 
Si ni^oD missile shixnim 
was found, and diaiged with 
wire fraud. (AF) 

• Florida has become tbe 

first state to sne the federal 
TOvemment to preveot the 
kss of $300 miHu» a year in 
welfare benefits to tbe state's 
i*> gai innmgranis, many of 
them ekterly or disabled A 
provision or the federal over- 
haul of welfare would deny 
Supplemental Security ish 
oxne, food stamps and other 
benefite to 100,000 legal im- 
migrants in tbe State unless 
they become citizens by Aug. 
1. rATr; 

• Montana has become the 

second state to approve the 
use of "chemK^ castra- 
tion" to reduce tbe sex drive 
of sex offenders who are 
about to be released from 
prison. A sunilar program 
went into effect this year in 
California. (NYT) 

• Three helicopters of the 
fype that crashed in Man- 

hattan last week, lolling a pas- 
senger, had earlier been found 
to have cracks in their tails, 
tbe same flaw blamed in the 
accident. But the Federal Avi- 
ation Administration did not 
know about those cracks. Tbe 
agency has ordered the 
grounding of all 132 heli- 
copters in tbe United Stares of 
that iiHXtel. the German-made 
BK-117, so mechanics can 
check fin cracks in tbe tail 
Any beiicop^ found to 
have cracks will be grounded 
indefinitely, tbe agency said, 
because dim is no ^^aoved 
nqwir procofizze. (NYT) 

• Immigretion officials said 
that they wonld apii^ a 
judge's verdict aDowing a 
former member of the Insb ' 
R^Uican Army. Brian Des- 
mdm Pearson, who DOW lives I 
in Rockland County, New 
York, to remain in tbe United 
States de^iB his role in a 
1975 attack on a police bar- 
racks in Nortiiem Ire- 
land. (NYT) 

To onr 
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Indonesia Parties Urge Calm 

JAKARTA — Indooesta's three ie^ poJitical pordes 
began the monthlong general election campaign Sunday 
with an appeal for calm. 

There were no reports of trouble in the major cities in 
this nation of 200 million people, the world's fourth most 
populous. Central Java has been hit by pre-campaign 
violence in recent weeks, primaiily tKtween supporters of 
the governing Golkar party and the Muslim-oriented 
United Development Party. 

President Suharto's eldest daughter. Siti Hardiyanri 
Rukamana. began the campaisn of the Golkar par^' at 
Semarang in central Java. “We must be watchful of 
security.” she said. *'We must be orderly.” 

Gol^, the United Development Pany and the In- 
done.sian Democratic Party'-, the only three groups legally 
permitted to contest the May 29 lo^ and national elec- 
tions. have agreed to campaiOT each day in separate areas 
of the country. Golkar took oS percent of the vote in the 
last elections, in 1 992 (Reuters) 

Canberra Politician Is Warned 

Canberra — P auUne Hanson, the Australian polid- 
cian who provoked outrage with her comments on race, 
was warned Sunday by Canberra that she jeopardized 
Australia's prosperity. 

Tim Fischer, the deputy prime minister and trade 
minister, said Ms. Hanson, an independent politician 
from Queensland state, was endangering the nation’s 
standard of living and future wealth by jeop^izing 
billions, of dollars in trade with region^ economic 

The attention given to Ms. Hanson's comments in Asia 
was underlined by the Australian Olympic Committee 
president. John Coates, who said her views were affecting 
Australia’s reputation in the region before the Sydney 
2000 Olympics. 

A ^mese community group in Ms. Hanson's home 
state said over the weekend that it would Hie an official 
objection against her planned One Nadon Party, de- 
scribing it as racially divisive. Ms. Hanson set off a bitter 
race dispute last year when she said that Australia was in 
danger of being swamped by Asians and that native 
Aborigines receiv^ favored treatment at the expense of 
white Australians. (Reuters) 

Jiai^ Lauded for Russia Trip 

BEIJING — The Chinese Communist Party news- 
r. People's Daily, on Sunday hailed President Jiang 
sVnin's visit to Russia as a triumph and lauded his joint 
declaration with Moscow as a model for new world 

Mr. Jiang flew borne Saturday alter a Five-day visit to 
Russia during which he signed a treaty with ^sideni 
Boris Yeltsin and the presidents of Kazakstan. Tajikistan 
and Kyrgyzstan on cutting troop levels along the old 
Chinese-Soviet border. 

Mr. Jiang and Mr. Yeltsin also issued a declaration 
outlining their vision of the post-CoId War world and 
opposition to claims by any country for world leadership 
— a clear, albeit insplicii. reference to the United 
States. (Reuters) 

VOICES From Asia 

Tung Chee-hwa. Hong Kong's future leader, urging 
Items to resist the temptation to smuggle their China- 
children into the tenitoty : “They ^ould not take the 
risk of sneakins 
amnesty, not 

^ p 

Incmerators Belch Dioxin and Fear Into Japan Air* 

By Andrew Pollack 

Ne*' fcirt Times Servia 

TOKOROZAWA, Japan — Eflco 
Kotani has long been annoyed 
about the 20 or so industrial waste 
incinerators that have sprung up 
over the past decade in the once 
pristine forest outside her ffont 
door. She has installed air purifiers 
in all the rooms of her house and 
shakes the soot off the laundry she 
has hung out to dry. 

But now Mrs. Kotani. a mother of 
four, has a new fear. Michio Ta- 
pahas hi. a geophysicist wdio lives in 
this area near Tokyo, has discovered 
that dte dbadi rate ^ infants in towns 
just downwind of the incinerators is 
40 percent to 70 percent higher than 
the averts for the prefecture. 

Although the conclusions have 
not been verified by professional 
epidemiologists, the findings have 
set off a fear of dioxin, a chemical 
found in incinerator smoke. Ten 
mothers agreed to an offer from a 
television news pro^mi to have 
their breast milk tested for dioxin, 
and the two women with the highest 

levels were advised to reduce 
breast-feedag by half. 

Concern about dio^ is growing 
in Japan, which has suffered some 
of the world's most horrifying in- 
dustrial-pollution episodes. The di- 
oxin family of ch^cals is sus- 
pected of 'c^ing cancer, skin 
diseases and reproductive prob- 
lems; it b considered harmful even 
in minute quantities. 

'Hie major source of dioxin in 
most countries is the incineration of 
garbage, particularly plastics and 
other materials containing chlorine. 
Japan, a crowded country with little 
room to bury garbage, bums about 
three-quarters of municipal waste. 

Japan has more than 1,850 mu- 
nicipal waste incinerators, com- 
pared with about 150 in tbe United 
States and 50 in Germany. Japan 
also has more than 3 JOO privately 
owned industrial incinerators. 

The side effiects of the reliance on 
incinerators are now* being seen. TTie 
concentration of dioxin in the air in 
Japan is about three times that in die 
Iwted States and some European 
countries, said Masakatsu Hiraoka. 

a professor emeritus at Kyoto Uni- 
versity who has led government ad- 
vbocy committees on the chemicaL 
Aiitome dioxin eventually makes 
its way into the food chain, con- 
centrating especially in fish, a fa- 
vorite food of the Japanese. 

The govemmeut’s estimates sta- 
ges! that the amount of dioxin in- 
^sted by lesidems b somewhat 
hi^r d^ in other developed na- 
titxis. though still generally within 
levels ft reganfs as from 

the Worid Health Oig^tizadon show 
that the levd of dioxin in breast milk, 
where it tends to concenirate in the 
body, b not higher in J^ian than in 
otiier advanced nations. 

But critics say Japtm b well be- 
hind other countries in regulating 
dioxin leveb. Mrs. Kotani recalled 
that wheu she compl^e^ officials 
’*smd they bad to worry about the 
livelihood of the indusbial waste 

Tbe dioxin issue is part of a 
broader problem in Japan about 
where to dbpose of 50 million met- 
ric tons of household waste and 400 
million tons of industrial waste each 

year. One opponent of dumps es- 
timates there are 400 dispu^ m 
Ji^ian ^xHit (TOposed or existing 
la ndfills or incinerators. 

jpi Suginanu Ward of Tol^w. 
more than 80 residents liv^ near a 
year-old waste relay station have 
complained of diffi^ty breathing 
and nmnhness in limbs, and a f<^ 
have been hospitalized. The^ city 
government insists that there b no 
obvious link between the relay sta- 
tion and what has become known as 

“Suginami disease.’* 

Pming its high-grqwtb phase m 
me 1960s. J^an expoieooed the Mi- 
namata meicury poisoning and 
other publio-licaitfa crises cau^ by 
pollution. One invcdved cootong-oil 
contaminated with two substances 
clo^y related to dioxin: polychlor- 
inated bipbeoyb and fora^ 

People in western Japan who 
consumed the oil developed a 
s^ete skin cmidition called chlor^ 
acne, as well as cardiovascular and 
nervous disorders. More than 1,800 
victims were officially recognized 
by the government, mme than 
100 are believed to have died. 

Scientists do not predict such se- 
rious effects from incinerator emis- 
sions of dioxiti, but evidence-of 

disorders is accuimtiating. 

Junya Nagayama. a professor-of 
enviiomneotal nealtii science at Ky- 
ushu Univer^r has found that kn- 
hies eiTOsed to higher concentn- 
dons omoxiD in breast milk tenfm 
have lower levels of tiiyroid hw- 
mones, wl^h aninial stuwsug^ 
play an important role in learning: % 
Many Japanese infants and diU.f 
diCT have also developed atopic 
an itchy skin ra^ 
(Cdeaki Miyata. a professor of food 
sanitation at Setsunan Uniyenhy in 
Osaka, said Ineast-fed babies were 
more likely to develop tbe rash then 
those fed with formula, a si^ that 
dioxin might be' a cause. . ..c* 

Ultimately, some analysts 
Japan will have to reduce its out^ 
of gartage, eitiier by recycling 
more or by cutting consumption. 

Each resident generates 1.1 kilo- 
grams (Z4 pounds) of bousehpld 
waste a day, roughly equal to output 
in Western Europe and only half the 
amount generate by Americans. 

Behind Papua Poll, Frustrations Seethe 

By Seth Mydans 

Nev Yorii Timrs Service 

I iiiftw uiiw a sm j 

king into Hong Kong. There will be no 
KKwy nor tomorrow. (Reuters) 

Guinea — It looked like a tribal 
sing-sing or perhaps a bride-price 
ceremony, with scores of men and 
women in feather headdresses and 
grass lap-lap skirts leaping and 
chanting in unison. But for the 
people of Papua New Guinea, it 
was something more exotic: an 
election rally. 

“I am for development and 
against corruption.” proclaimed 
John Kuman. the candidate, in 
what amounted to a nutshell sum- 
mary of diousands of campaign 
speeches around the country. The 
black bird-of-paradise feath- 
ers of his headdress bobbed above 
him as he spoke. 

A self-described “unemployed 
government employee.” Mr. Ku- 
man. 34, is one of nearly 2,400 
candidates vying for 109 seats in 
the parliam^tary election that 
comes every five years, scheduled 
for the end of June. 

Despite its festive aimo^here. 
the election arrives at a time of 
crisis with deep and tangled roots 
that involve a military mutiny, an 
outbreak of riots, an uproar over 
corruption and one of tne world's 
more obscure separatist insurgen- 

“The frustrations are seething 
and building,” a Western diplo- 
mat said. 

Fragmented by mountain ranges 
and scattered islands into a jumble 
of more than 800 different lan- 
gurs and cultures. Papua New 
Guinea has yet to jell as a coherent 
nation and much of it remains be- 
yond the reach of effective gov- 

Sometimes described as a 
mountain of gold floating on a sea 
of oil. this irchly endowed South 
Pacific nation remains mired in 

Two weeks ago, three govern- 
ment departments were Jotted out 
of buildings here in the capital for 
nonpayment of rent. 

£arlier. government-run clinics 
and schooU in West Sepik 
lYovince shut down for lack of 
money. In many areas, educational 
and h^th services are provided 
by missionary groups. 

Almost everybody here seems 
convinced that die prople they are 
electing to office are stealing the 
country’s wealth. 

“The people in government are 
saying. ‘I'rn Just going to get what 
I can for myself.’ '’ said Susan 
Balen. a human rights lawyer. 
“They are not concerned wifli un- 
employment. literacy or social ser- 
vices. We all believe there are mil- 

lions floating around in the 
country that could put the chBdren 
in school, set up colleges, build 
roads, keep them maint^ned.” 

In a report two weeks ago, the 
government’s National Inrelli- 
gence Organization joined the 
condemnation, saying official cor- 
ruption was so pervasive that there 
would soon be “nothing worth 
stealing any more.” 

Political analyst say it is this 
breakdown in services and loss of 
faith in the government that un- 
derlies one of the most severe 
crises in the 21 years since this 
nation of 4.4 million people be- 
came independent of Australia. 

The stoiy of the current crisis 
begins with an intractable eight- 
year separatist insurgency on the 
eastern island of Bougainville that 
was spark^ after years of dis- 
content, 1 ^ anger over the seizure 
of land for one of the world’s 
largest copper mines, the Panguna 

The insurgency forced the clos- 
ing in 1989 of the mine, which had 
been prc^ucing one-third of tiie 
nation's income. It also caused the 
government to withdraw services 
from Bougainville, turning it Into 
an island of anarchy, poverty and 
continuing warfare. 

Early tins year, after years of 
military failure, tbe prune min- 

ister, Sir Julius Cban, sign^ a 
secret $36 mtlli on cootiacc with a 
group of British mercenaries, 
SantUine Interuational, to send 60 
soldiers to crush the insurgency 
once and fw all. 

The deal infuriated Papua New 
Guinea's militaiy conunander. 
Brigadier General Jerry Singirok. 
In a radio broadcast 17, he 
announced foat his forces would 
no i<Kieer support Sir Julius and 
demanded thtf the pime mimster 
step down along wife his two top 

Sir Julius instead dismissed 
General Singirok, touching off 
two days of rioting 1 ^ people who 
demanded tiie general's reinstate- 
ment Many saw fee hiring of mer- 
cenaries as another self-interested 
betrayal by fee government and 
joined Genend Siogiitdc in his ex- 
pressions of outr^e. 

Though die poliM fired tear 
and rubber bullets at about ZOw 
rioters, raly one serious injury was 
reported. A looter’s hmd was 
dropped off by a security guard. 

But the general kept his troops 
in their bai^ks and on March 26 
fee prime minister voluntarily 
stepped aside, pending a judicial 
inqiiupr mtb tbe hiring of fee mer- 
cenaries. This step ftom an- 
archy bolstered hopes here feat 
democracy had taken firm root 

Seoul Reports 
New Defector 

SEOUL — A North Korean fish- 
erman daringly escaped to tl^- 
South on Sunday dsougb a heavily^ 
fortified border, the Defense Mii^< 
- istry in Seoul said. «* 

The defects, dressed in a mi^« 
itaiy-style top and black pants, was* 
seen being iM to safety by a South* 
Korean soldier at the eastern end <£« 
the Demilitarized Zone, die 
istiy said. Z* 

'The ministry identified the de»* 
fector ^ Jang Young Kwan, 38. buT« 
said the name was a pseudonynu* 
Many Nofifa Korean esc^re^ in fee! 
Soufe use false names to proterS* 
themselves from terrorist attacks'! 
and to protect their femilies in tb£i 
Nor^ Families of North Kotea»! 
defeemis are often sent to gulags cl(< 
are sometimes executed. 

Soufe Korea has been more caiP. 
tious about naming defectors sincfr^ 
U n Nam, a n^hew of fee former! 
wife of the N<^ Korean leaded* 
Kim Jong H, was f^ally shot near! 
Seoul in Fdbriiaiy. The attack 
cuned three days after Hwang Jang’ 
-Yop, one of Noefe Korea’s top klecr! 
logu^ sought ^lum at tite Seoul 
ccmsulate in Beijing. 

Tbe fisfadman apparently 
crawled between guards’ posts. 


In Yemen, a Growing Feminist Vote 

By John Lancaster 

Hbjfeitytiw Pest Sen-ice 

ARKAB AL HINA Yemen — It is 
hard to imagine a more unlikely outpon 
of women’s political activism fean this 
tiny village of erode stone houses and 
hand-tilled fields, lying in a narrow val- 
ley almost two hours by four-wheel-drive 
vehicle from fee nearest paved road. 

There is no school, no electricity, no 
television. Most residents can neither 
read nor write. The main legal authority 
is fee local tribal leader, who adjudic^s 
land disputes and criminal cases in the 
manner of a feudal lord. 

For the last several months, however, 
women here have been subjected to tire- 
less proselytizing on the meaning of 
democracy by Warda Ghaylan. a 25- 
year-old mother of three and' one of fee 
few village women with any formal edu- 
cation. Miss Ghaylan is a foot soldier in 
a nationwide effort to increase women's 
participation in the national parliamen- 
tary elections Sunday, the second since 
North and South Yemen were merged in 
1 990 after decades of warfare. 

“I tell them. ‘Your vote is fee key to 
the future of your children.' ” Miss 
Ghaylan said. “Yes. they listen to me, 
but sometimes when they hear feat I've 
come to talk to them about fee elections, 
they hide. They think people will come 
in big cars and take them away to vote in 
a faraway place.” 

[Local officials said seven people 
died and two people were wounded 
Sunday when a soldier opened fire on a 

polling staticxi in the soufe. Agence 
France-Ffesse report^ from San’a.j 

A beguiling experiment in represen- 
tative government has begun in this tra- 
dition-bound Muslim country of 14 mil- 
lion people — an isolated place where 
many men while away afternoons chew- 
ing a mildly narcotic plant c^led kbat 
and rarely appear in public without a 
curved dagger strapped to their waists. 

It is an experment, moreover, in 
which women are playmg a prominent 
role. Yemeni feminists in veils and bil- 
low|y black rob^ are organizing voter 
registration drives, fielding female can- 
didates and even cutting political deals 
wife conservative tribal chiefs and the 
county’s largest Islamic party, fee Ye- 
meni Blah Party. 

The outcome could reverberate well 
beyond the borders of Yemen. In a region 
where political life is dominated by dic- 
tators. monarchs and Islamic fiind^en- 
tolists, democracy advocates look to Ye- 
men as a potential bright spot Le^rs of 
Saudi A^ia and otl^ autocratic neigh- 
bors. meanwhile, see it as a bad example 
that could iv^ken their grip on power. 

Situated on the soufeem tip of fee 
Arabian Peninsula at the entrance to the 
Red Sea. Yemen is famously anarchic, to 
tbe point where government officials 
sometimes have to seek permission from 
local sheiks when crossing tribal bound- 

Only three years ago. the South tried to 
secede from fee North, bombarding the 
capital San’a. with missiles in a month- 
longcivil war. Reladcxis between the two 

are still so stnuned feat tbe largest soufe- 
em opposition party, the Yemeni So- 
cialist Party, is toycotting the election. 

Nor is the centr^ government a model 
of political ealigfrtenment The govern- 
ment of Presidmt AH Abdullah Saleh, 
who has ruled for nearly 20 years, stands 
accused of human rights abuses. 

Women face their own problems. 
Roughly 80 percent of women here are 
illiterate, compared with 35 percent of 
men: the limited supply of secondary 
schools is largely resen'ed for boys. 

Such disparities are reflected in polit- 
ical life. Just two of 301 membm of 
Parliament are women. During fee last 
elections in 1993. the 43 female can- 
didates encountered so much hostility 
fern only three have chosen to run again. 
This year, only 16 of more fean 2.000 
candidates are women; most of them axe 
nmziing as independents because major 
parties refuse to back them. 

Despite weak representation in Par- 
iiament. women are not entirely power- 
less. Eaiiier this month, the high^-rank- 
ing woman in the Yemeni government, 
Imonnation Uodefsecreiaiy’.Amat Aleem 
Sosowa, was horrified to learn ^ Par- 
liament had passed legislation lif^g die 
ban on macriage for girls under 15. So she 
contacted the legal afeiser to Presid^ 
Salih, who sent the law back to Par- 
liament without his signature. 

Even the Islah party, whose extremist 
wing bas barred the use of Western 
musical inscrumenLs in its campaign 
jingles, has been signing up women 
voters in its strongholds. 

Netanyahu Rejects Calls for Elections 


JERUSALEM — Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netan}'ohu of Israel on 
Sunday rejected opposition calls for 
early elections, despite the lingering fog 
of a corruption scandal. 

In a further setback for the leader of 
fee Likud party, an annual public-opin- 
ion poll infecaied. for the first time, feat 
a majority of Israelis backed a ^es- 
tiniao state. 

‘ 'I have no intention of going to early 
elections.” Mr. Netanyahu said in an 
interview Sunday on Israel Radio. “I 
intend to correct what nee^ to be cor- 
rected and move forward.” 

Opposition politicians have deman- 
ded decriwis because of an influence- 
peddling scandal feat has rocked hfr. 
Netanyahu's govenuneni. And a polit- 
ical ally. Trade and Industry Minister 
Natan Sharansky, said last week that Mr. 

Netanyahu had yet to prove he could 
lead tlW country. 

Despite the state's decision nor ro 
bring charges against Mr. Netanyahu in 
fee cronyism affair, prosecutors said last 
week feat there were “real suspicions” 
about his role in fee short-lived appoint- 
ment of an attorney general. “There 
were certainly mistakes feat I made — I 
don’t deny it — throughout tbe whole 
selection process.” Mr. Netanyahu said 
on Israeli Army radio. 

Cianrine his first interviews to the 
Israeli media since prosecutors deci^d 
not to charge him. Netanyahu said a 
new government committee would pre- 
vent further mistakes. 

’ ‘The bottom line is 1 didn't break the 
law,” he said. “I know exactly what I 
did and didn't do. and 1 didn’t comnui a 
single crime, not a single thing of what I 
was said to have done.”' 

The annual poll, by a leading think 
tank, found that 51 percent of Israelis 
supported fee e 5 iablt.shment of a Pal- 
estinian state, while 49 percent opposed 
iL Mr. Netanyahu was narrowly elected 
in May on a platform steadfastly o[^ 
posed to a Palestinian state— an avowed 
goal of fee Palestinian leader, Yasser 

“We have been conducting tills poll 
for the last 10 years and this is fee first 
time fee figure has passed fee 50 percent 
mark,” said Asher Arian. a profes^ at 
Tel Aviv University’s Jaffee Center for 
Strategic Studies. “Tn general, there is 
an acceptance of Arabs, a willingness to 
see them as wanting peace,” he said 

Sui^xin for a Palestinian state has 
been growing steadily in recent veais. 
reaching 46 percent in tbe 1996 poll, he 

Hradec Kralove’s main square as John Paul U, on a three-day visit to the Czech RepubUc^SSliStedll^ 

Slovaks Lose Roots Amid Czechs 

By Christine Spolar 

WoM^gron Service 

PRAGUE — Lerika.Kkna is a Slov- 
ak in memory only. The 17-year-old 
native of Slovakia speaks Cz^h with 
all her ftiends. She stumbles badly 
when she writes a letter in Slovak to 
hercousins near Bratislava, the Slovak 
capital. Fluent in French, English and 
C^h, she rolls her eyes when her 
father, in Slovak, prompts her to talk 
ifeout her roots. 

"Daddy bates it when 1 say this, but 
I don't feel like a Slovak. I don't feel 
like a Slovak, and I don't feel like a 
Czech. I feel,” she said in English, 
“like an intenational.'' 

Four years after Czechoslovakia 
split into two countries, the Czech 
Republic's largest minority has 
jumped a culture divide. Hundreds of 
tiKHuaods of Slovaks, who long main- 
tained their separate idennQr but 
mixed well in Cisech socie^. now are 
hurtling toward toisd assamlatioo. 

^roe have chosen to silence their 
mother tongue in the wcrigilace. Al- 
though nine Slovak cultural oraani- 
zations have sprung up in tiie Czech 
Republic since the they appear to 

exist for little more than simple ca- 


“I don't think there's a Slovak 
group rfi?t exists to fight for anjihing 
in tiie Czech Republic, because there's 

nothing to fight for.” said Jana 
Halukova. secietaiy of the Slovak Cul- 
ture Club, the oldest Slovak organi- 
zation in Prague. When she goes to 
Slovakia, she says, “we agree not to 
talk politics.” 

Some sociologists see tiie loosening 
of expatriate Slovaks' bonds as part of 
an overall antipathy, voiced by Slov- 
aks and Czechs alike here, toward the 
bmd of politics practiced in Slovakia. 
Others describe the desire to fit in as a 
natural process hastened by historic- 
ally close links between the Slovak 
and Czech lands. 

Others, including prominent Slov- 
aks, link the Czech Republic's pros- 
pects for joining NATO to the Siov- 
aks* rush to blend in, if not 

“Tne Slovaks here want to be sure 
they can and are ready to 
vanto of what will come/' said 
Magda Vasatyova, founder of the 
Slovak Foreign Policy Assodation, a 
research organization, vfeo shuttles 
between Prague and Bratislava. “This 

will be the chance to be pat of Eurooe 

and ail (hat It means.** ^ 

The two parts of wfaa was Czech- 
oslovakia imder^nt two rentadufele 
transfonnations in four years. In I 9 g 9 
they toppled tiie Communist reginie 
^had been in power since 
1993. tbe two culturally similar 
joined since 1918, spun away in a 

P®eccful divmce, driven by two dear 
poUticaJ and economic tides. . . * ' 
- Slov^a, led Prime hfimssr' 
Yladinnr Meciar, listed toward'naiioo- 
aurt politics and a slower amiroadi 
n^market economics. The r^h Re». 
^iblic, under Prime Minister- VsdaM' 
Klam, WM speeding towairi Westertf; 
models of democracy and frpf' ' • 

Today, it is the Czech RjsptMc'a 
poling and economic prospects tiiar- 
gmr Slovaks to fit in. Law nwotli' 
Pavol Niezgodzky, a teacher, unwipc 
tingly twted the urge among fl»' 
young. Mr. Niezgodzky headed an ex- 
tort to opm a secondary school geared - 
^ard reinforcing Slovak coined 
2jgjfge. To open a new school -7 
^ Czech .government piom^ 
- be needed 36 SW;- 
from. Prague's aoJKXMtrtna. 
SlOT^commumty. Seven applied. 


™ their peers. And parents 'ddn-f 

Mr. Niezgodzky said. • . V 

wan Czechofilovakias 

munist takeover 


-.1. T-. • *''■ 

** Job 


. '* very 
' 'he 


^ /^/£liirac’s Gamble: Courting the Foes of Social Cuts 

• - By Craig -R. Whitney 

' fl/fw yprltTmaSeniee 

PARIS — . To mxderstand 
• some ^ lies 
President Jacques Chirac's 
.■decision to.ri^ his conser- 
oraiive govemment’s political 
^■fiiuire on eariy national elec-. 
. iions. it beips to talk with 
; .fiemaid Jtxant, a 46-year-^ 
' ^ Iwig-distance truck tfaiver 
^^ivAo fivM in Le Mans, in the 
.'heanoflrance.-. . 

Mr. Joraitt and tens of thou- 
:>s8nds of odKT truck drivers 
itfed up highways across the 
.TQOuotty to a montii last 
(..winter in a strike aimed at the 
.<£tae of the . gove rnm ent's 
budget cuts. fa. the e^ the 
.-4riv^ got what they wanted: 
jthe right to letiie on full pea- 

sii»s at 55, with tiie gov- 
e niine^ agnsejog, despite hs 
austeritypolides, to^tch in 
to help me drivos sad their 
en^c^os pay for the early 
rebremesit plan. 

' tell fiieods in my labor 
unimi diat we should judge any 
govenunent strictly wheth- 
er the good flwngs it did 
outwei^ the bad," Mr. 
said. His French Demociatic 
labor Union has been less crit- 
ical titan most of the govern- 
ment's plans to g*aiy»h a gip 
fa^txt deficit in tiie slate pen- 
sion and health insurance sys- 
tem, (Mte of many cuts in 
spending it must to qual- 
ify ^ance for membership in a 
- cooBmm European cuixency 
two years from now. 

balance,*’ Jorant 

said in Le Mans recently, 
*Tm telling them that this 
government comes out 
slightly m tile positive side." 

Qiirac will win his 
gamble if people like Mr. Jor- 
ant and mini ons of others in 
the vast majorify who sym- 
patiuzed with thie strikers vote 
to a continuatimi of Prime 
Minister Alain Juppe’s con- 
servative coalition in tire elec- 
tions that the presidrat called 
for May 25 aM June 1. 

Mr. Chirac called the vote 

iea] decks for five years, in 
case he aid his prime iniiiister 
have to continue with ^ 
right-budget polides required 
by the Maastridht treafy on 
monetary union, aides say. 

Public opinion polls show 

jjfospin Wbidd Ihcrinunalize Hashish 


_ .. PARIS— The French opposititm Socially 

teller, Lionel Jospin,, saying he h*v 1 twice 

f . j^anioked hashish, told a television interviewer 

kCtT) Sundrw that be wanted to tfe c^inaKw. th*. 

'vnjjft ^ MX of the drug if his paity won the par- 
1 bamentaryelecrioDschecHiledforMayZSaiid 

Ll' '.June I. 

'TlMji : *T did it once in the United States, witii a 

I youim woman, and I think cmce in Prance,*' 
; Mr. Joqrin said in the interview with Canal 

Plus television about a 1995 admission that he 
bad smoked hashish. 

He smd his paify would decriminalize the 
drug if it emerged victorious from the voringl 
''Legaliang sounds like juarfying," he said. 
"Peaaliang is absurd. I think we have to find 
a line somewhere between the two." 

France forbids tire reciearional use of drags 
and -has frequently with die Neth- 

eriands, wti^ me possession of small 
amounts of soft drags is tolerated. 

nw AMoebitorf ftea 

; Mr. Blair and his wife, Cberie, toaring north England in Labour's campaign bus. 

Blair Keeps His Guard Up 

He Warns of Complaceacy as Polls Predict Landslide 



LONDON — Tony Blair, tire Bxiririi 
1 poattortoder, warned voters Sunday a^inst 

■ ckxnplaomcy in the face of pctils that are 
I Ittedicring bos Labour Patty will win a land- 

. ' > in Tnuisday’s electioo. 

T la bo tw has lamg oi«hed out of office fof 18 
, ' i years, but the polls predict toe maiq of^x>- 
9 '-iir : strion paify woud ito cmly win this rime but 
j cm a not seen to more than half a 
: oenttny. . 

('j - surveys hr Sunday newqiapers 
V. ' s£owed Labour 15 to 24 percent points 

' ; a fywi of tile governing Ccmservarives, a lead 

"7 could produce a majorily of almost 200 in 

i.- ; die 659-seat PariiamenL 

^ No paxfy has come from so far behind in ^ 
' tore to clinch victory, but Mr. Blair 
! mei gtgji that gui^ was still iqr agaiiA a 

■ recovery by die Ccmservarives, in power since 

1 ; 1979. . . 

,|ti "I take mxhing for granted m this elec- 
jj- : rion," he sard, "niere’s only one poll ritat 
^ I counts and rizat’s the cot at elecrion day." 

: 1 He urged voteis not to slip into a false soise 

; o[ security thereby hand rise Conser- 
; varives a record fifth scra^ht term. 

Prime Mhrisier John Major, meanwhile — 
: said to be one of the few top Coqservarives 

• who grill believe the election is winnable — - 
; speot Sunday portraying himself as a 

raeric fighter who fe^ ms government wonc 
.> is unfinished. 

• ..‘“Ihexe’snopointincaiiyuigyourhcarton 

' your sleeve. You need to have an efficirat, 

. effective economy," he said in an mtervrew 
on rrv television. "Having got the ecoooinic 
: right, Pd like to carry on with the 

: soe^raeasuies.** ^ . , 

■ 1 Mr. MajOT conceded that there had been 

"bumps" in his leadership, but he accused 
Labour of peddl^ ^ 

ridiig "contemptible polirics* * aimed at scar- 
ing toe weak. 

. nomMr. Major down. Conservatives have 
a tried-mid-tested messa^t toat La- 
bour cannot be tnisted on tax policies, trying 
to sow the same seed of doul4 that helped 
them win in 1992. 

"A vote for New Lrtocxir is a lew in the 
dark," said Brian Mawhimiey, the Conser- 
vative Paify dntinnao. "You can't mist La- 
bour. If in doulx, keep tiidn out" 

The mam UMet on mecrioo day might cmne 
from tbelrish Republican Army amid fears of 
diamiMive bomb riireats. 

Tbe guerrilla group has posed a emstant 
threat dur^ the camprign, targeting trans- 
portation lxi& and.hi^-mofilepublic events 
n> cause chaos in daily life and ensure cov- 
erage for thmr campaign to end British rule of 
NortiteTD IreJand. 

PoUing stations are expected to be on high 
alert Thursdity, with results expected early the 
next day. 

In another blow to the Tories, Ihe News of 
riie World, Britain's best-selling Sim^y 
newqiaper, said h was abandoning its tra- 
dition sqnx» for the Conservatives and 
would back Labour. 

"We back Blair, the man for the new 
millennium" the newspaper declared in a 
front p^ headlme, saying Mr. Major was no 
kmger fit to rule BritaiQ. 

Ine News of the World, whidr backed the 
Cimnvatives in tire last three electicxis, cmi- 
tended that Mr. Major was a weak maw who 
was izKsqrable of preventing a series of sleaze 
yanriaig and Coiuervarive qrlils over policy 
toward Eun^re. 

Aznar Job Ratmg: 44% Like Him 

The Assackt^ Press 

• MADRID — Jose Maria 

• Aznar seems to have won ^ 

' of Spaniards, with 

. almost half beiievuig he has 
' done a good job in his first 

‘ I year in office, according to a 
i poll published Sunday. 

; .of 1 , 200 people adted,^ 
i percent ranin Mr. Azof's 
■; perfonnance as "good** 
i “very go^'* while 24 per- 

• centsawitas‘*bad"OT"ve^ 
i according to the poll 

published by El Pais. Tbe sur- 
vey, carried out by Demo- 

scoia. said 30 percent saw Mr. 

Aznar’s perfonaance as av- 
erage, and 2 perceni were un- 
decided. j V .c 

The poll indicated that Fe- 
lipe Gonzalez,- whom Mr. 
/fear succeeded when the 
center-right Popular Party 
won general elections in May 
1996, is stiU a more poputo 
personality by a lit^ m«e 
rtTan 1 peicentagepoinL . . 

If elections were held 
today, Mr. Gonzalez’s So- 
ciaUA Party would win *2^ ^ 
percent of toe votes,, white. 
Mr. Azoar's Pc^rular Patty 
would claim only 21.0 per- 

.cent, the poll said. 

7^ po^ with a 2.9 peicent 
error margm, showed iinerior 
Minister Jahne Mayor Oreja 
to be toe most popular min- 
isto, followed by Labor Mu- 
ister Javier Arenas and H- 
pimee Minister Rodrigo Rata 

both Mr. Chirac and Mr. 
Junte to be extremely unpop- 
ular. But the polls also mow 
that for all the grumbling, 
they may well succeed, 
though probably with a 
riiarply reduced majority 
from the huge 465-seat mar- 
^ they have now over their 
divided Socialist and Com- 
munist opposition. 

A largCT issue, one that will 
haunt govenunents in France 
and most other Western Euro- 
pean countries in the decades 
ahead, is whether even a suc- 
cessful monetary union can 
save the social benefits, like 
early retirement, riiat Mr. Jor- 
ant and others now look for- 
ward to. 

Econmnists say that early 
rerirement spells enormous 
and inevitable economic and 
financial disaster for many of 
Eurc^’s penrion ^sterns, at 
least as th^ now stand. 

In France as in most other 
European countries, pensions 
are finanriftH mostly hy the 
taxes that woriong-age people 
pay each y^, a system of 
mtergeneratioaial transfers. 

Mr. Jorant collects a gross 
monthly salary of toe equi- 
valent $ 1 ,893. If be were to 
retire tomorrow, he could col- 
lect pension benefits of about 
$1 ,^0 a month, or $17,000 a 

year. In all, he and his em- 
ployer. the Scac-Mahe truck- 
ing company, make pension 
payments totaling 25 percent 
of his gross aiuiual salary, an 
arrangement chat is more or 
less typical for French salar- 
ied workers of all kinds. 

As long as workers greatly 
outnumb^ pensioners, this 
system, called a "conuact be- 
tween toe generations’ ’ by its 
many supporters, works reas- 
onably well. Bui ^n^rean 
birto rates have f^en so 
sharply over toe last SO years 
that the ^stem will soon re- 
quire raising sociri security' 
taxes to impossibly hi^ 
levels, economists say. 

Where tiiere were about 
three French workers paying 
social security for eve^ pen- 
sion-collecting retiree in 
1995, by 2013 there will be 
only two, and 2030. 18.6 
million retirees will be de- 
pending on 30 million work- 
ers for their pensions. 

France, Germany, Italy and 
most other Europe coun- 
tries except Britain, where 
most people now rely on 
private pe^ion ^steins, will 
have trouble financing their 
existing pension systems even 
if they gradually raise retire - 
mem age to 70, according to a 
smdy by tbe 29-nation Or- 

ganization for Economic Co- 
operation and Development 

In France, that could mean 
that red ink from the pension 
system alone would drive 
govemmenr budget deficits to 
as high as 10 percent of gross 
national product — more than 
three times the 3 percent level 
permined to join the Euro- 
pean monetary union — by 
2030 or so. toe study found, 
and a lot sooner toan that if 
more people follow toe truck 
drivers’ example and wtin toe 
right to early Fetiremem. 

"The problem is so im- 
mense that toey'll have to 
completely change the sys- 
tem.' ' said Dou^as Fore, a 
senior economist with the 

Private pension funds exist 
in France. a.s supplements to 
government pensions, but 
only about half of white- and 
blue-collar workers partic- 
ipate in them, according to 
official statistics. 

Last month, Mr. Juppe’s 
government secured passage 
by toe legislature of a bill tiut 
would broaden the system 
and make contributions tax- 
deductible. But it did not put 
the law into effect before dis- 
solving Parliament early this 
week, so the law's feture 
status is uncertain. 

Croatia Shrugs Off the West 

Nationalist Leadership Indifferent to Its Critics 

By Chris Hedges 

New Tofi Timei Serme 

ZAGROS, Croatia — 
Fueled 1^ its iriimqto in re- 
cent elections, the nationalist 
peify that rales Croatia is 
scuttling U.S.-Ied initiatives 
to rebuild the region and is 
defying Western pressure to 
allow tire retuni of SeA 
refugees and to prosecute in- 
dicted warcrioiinals. Western 
totdomats say. 

These diplomats have be- 
gun to spew dispaia^gly of 
tbe country’s friture integra- 
tion into Eur^ and its po- 
sition as 3 miuiaiy and eco- 
nomic partner. Many of them 
now talk of eventually allow- 
iog neighboring Slovexua into 
NATO but <rf leavmg Croatia 
to simmer in the Balkan 
caldron with toe other four 
repuUics of tbe old 
Yu^lavia: Bosoia-Herze- 
govina, Serbia, Montenegro 
and Macedonia. 

"At this point there is not 
one issue toat is unpoitant to 
us that the Croatian govern- 
ment seems willing to impte- 
ment,’’ a senior Western mp- 
lomat said. "The arrogance, 
cmisidering that this is a 
country of less than 5 million 
people, is a bit staggering." 

At the start of the war for 
independence firom 

Yu^lavia in 1991, Resi- 
dent Franjo Tudjman had 
worked hard to win toe go^ 
will of the West But in 1995, 
as the final phases of the war 
drove nearly tbe entire ethnic 
Serbian pop^ation into exile, 
toe governing party began to 
defy its Western partners. 

The Croatian Demo c ratic 
Union, folJkrwing its sweep- 
ing election victory an- 
nounced Thursday, lo^ set 
to donunaie Croatian political 
life for several more years. 
And Mr. Tudjman, although 
seriously iU with cancer, will 
ixobably be re-elected when 
presidential elections are held 
sornetune this summer. 

^th moderate t^ipositioD 
parties now locked out of of- 
fice. there seems little way 
to get Zagreb to alter its 

The U.S. officials are in- 
creasm^ frustrated by Ooa- 
tia's renisal to honor a sub- 
poena and extradition request 
fbr TJatko Aleksovsld isued 
by tbe mfernational war- 
crimes tribunal in The Hague. 
The United States is planning 

5 Bombs Set Off 
la Corsica Towns 

The Associated Press 

AJACCIO, Corsica — 
Five separ^ bomb attacks 
caused damage to govern- 
ment tax offices and banks on 
tiiis Mediterranean island, the 
police said Sunday. 

There were no injuries and 
no immediate claims of re- 
sponsibility, di^ said. 

A 30fi-gram (11-ounce) 
bomb severely damaged the 
French government tax office 
in the center of Bastia shortly i 
after midnight, toe police 
said. j 

A tax office in nearby Ville 
de Pietrabugno was severely 
damaged at the same time by 
a similte type of bomb, they 

About one hour later, three 
smafier bombs exploded in 
front of banks in Ajaccio, the 
authorities said. 

to block a pending $486 mil- 
lion imemational loan to Croa- 
tia if it does not turn him over 
by early May. diploinats said. 

Because of Croatia’s failure 
to cooperate with the tribunal, 
the United States abstained 
earlier this year from an hi- 
temational Monetaiy Hmd 
vote qrpioving an economic- 
reform loon for Croatia. 

Mr. Aleksovsld, who was 
indicted for atrocities against 
Muslim civilians in Bosnia’s 
war in 1993, was arresied in 
Croatia almost a year ago and 
now lives in Split But Ooatia 
has refused to send him lo toe 
tribunal in Tbe Hague, saying 
be is ill.- 

U.S. officials, including 
Assistant Secretary of State 
John Kornblum. met recently 
wito Mr. Tudjman and asked 
him to carry out the cribuoal’s 
request for tbe extradition and 
to cmnply with its subpoena, 
issued in January, for doc- 
uments r^slated to toe wartime 
activities of Tlbontir Blaskie. 
a C^toatian commander im- 
prisoned in The Hague. 

So far, tire Qoats have re- 

Wescern diplomats are also 

erobroUed in two other dis- 
putes wito the Croatian gov- 
enunent Tbe first is tbe gov-* 
ernment’s maneuvering to 
200.000 etiinic Serbs 
driven from their homes in 
Croatia from nenirning. as 
called for in the Dayton peace 
accords that ended toe Balkan 
war. The other is Croatia's 
decision to boycott a U.S.-led 
regional program, the South- 
east European Co(^?erative 

Tbe Croats, for tiieir part, 
have attacked toe initiative as a 
thinly disguised anempr by the 
Americans to tie Croatia to the 
fonaer Yugoslav republics. 
They said toe subpe^a re- 
quest was not "legal.'' 

"We dunk we are cooper- 
ating with The Hague and are 
ready to continue this coopt- 
ation. ' ’ a senior Foreign 
istry official said. 

"As far as toe Serbs are 
concerned, I would note that 
according to the UN High 
Commissioner for Refugees, 
cmly 10 percent of the &rbs 
from ail pans of Croatia want 
to retuni. Those who want to 
return will be allowed to re- 

Germany Admits Guilt 
On Guernica Bombing 


GUERNICA, Spain — 
Gern^y acknowledged 
Sunday the guilt of its pilots in 
the destruction of toe Spanish 
town of Guernica 60 years 
ago, but stopped short of ^k>- 
logizingfrn'&iFOpe's first aer- 
ial bombardment of civilians. 

The raid on April 26, 1 937, 
conducted by Germany to aid 
the nationalist forces of Gen- 
eral Francisco Franco in the 
Sfpanisfa Civil War. killed 300 
to 1,000 people. 

But. more than tbe number 
of dead, it was the deliberate 
massacre of civilians that 
transformed Guernica into a 
symbol for the honors of war, 
and inspired Pablo Rcasso's 
masterpiece "Guernica." 

In a ceremony commem- 
orating tire victims, Ger- 
many s ambassador to Spmn. 
Henning Wegena, read a 
message of mourning and re- 
conciliation from resident 

Roman Herzog. 

"On April 26, 1937, Guer- 
nica fell victim to an air strike 
by fonnations of Legion 
Condor, which made the 
name of toe city ihe symbol 
for a type of w if are that af- 
fected a defenseless popula- 
tion in like manner cruelly 
and unprepared. 

"T^ day of Guernica and 
Ihe human suffering for 
which this name stan&, are 
since part of the collective 
memory of our peoples," Mr. 
Heraog’s mess^e read. 

While the text recognized 
the guilt of the German pilots, 
it contained no apology or 
words of regreL 

On Thursday, toe German 
Parliament rejected a motion 
to discuss toe bombing raid. 
Opposition members had 
wanted Parliament to express 
formally its regret, but ^an- 
cellor Helmut Kohl's coali- 1 
tion voted agmnst a delate. 

Tb home in 
on the ideal 
turn to 


It Stans next Monday. It's the DTTs new classilied 
odvertifMg feature. Don't miss it every Monday li^ibdiiesdav 

Friday aMSanrtdav. A neat deal happ^ at tteing niffi rt 

ins wstLift nun newb 

Albania Refugees Reaeh Italy 

ROME — A heavily listing boat btiili to carry fewer 
toan 50 people limped into a southern Italian port crammed 
with 571 Albanians on Sunday, the coast guard said. 

The .Albanian vessel was escorted into Barletta. on 
Italy's southern Adriatic coast, by coast guard vessels 
after sending out a distress call. 

"The sanitary conditions were appalling," a coast 
guard spokesman said by telephone from Barletta. "Even 
SO people would have been too many to have on board." 

The number was by far toe largest on a single vessel to 
reach Italy from Albania this month, following a relative 
lull after ] 3.000 people arrived in March on decrepit boats 
to escape their country's slide into anarchy, (keutersl 

leltsin WonH Attend Summit 

MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltsin has no plans to 
attend the NATO summit meeting that is due to offer 
membership to some former Soviet bloc states. Interfax 
news agency quoted his spokesman as saying. 

Tbe spokesman, Sergei Yastrzhembsky. noting that toe 
Madrid meeting did not appear on Mr. Yelisin'.s working 
schedule, said that the president’s attendance at the 
meeting had ‘ ‘never been seriously considered by the top 
Russian leadership." 

I^mlin officiitis contacted directly declined to com- 
ment or to say whether toe decision reflected any change 
in Mr. Yeltsin's determination to sign a treaty with NATO 
a month from now. {Reuters) 

Greeks Visit Turk-Held Cyprus 

NICOSIA — An Easier pilgrimage by Greek Cypriots 
in Turkish-held northern Cyprus went ahead Sunday 
despite a dispute toat had threatened to doom the rare 
cross-border visiL Turkish Cypriot officials said. 

The officials said 118 pUgrims were attending ce- 
reraonies at the monastery of Apostolos Andreas, 120 
kilometers from Nicosia on toe island's northeastern tip. 
to celebrate Greek Orthodox Easter. 

An estimated 6(X) people were scheduled to take part in 
the visit when it was canceled Friday after Turidsh 
Cfyprioi authorities refused to allow three of toe proposed 
visitors to cross into the Turkish-held part of the island. 

"It is pleasing toat the visit is taking place,' ' said Taner 
Elkin, foreign ministerof the Republic 
of Northern Cyprus. "1 wish all of them could come, but 
they are bann^ by toe Greek Cypriot authorities." 

Greek Cypriot authorities objected to the restrictions 
on toe proposed visitors and said they had cancel^ the 
trip. (Reuters) 

The EU This Week: 

tmernadonol Herahi Trihu/ie 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• EU forei^ ministers meet Tuesday in Luxembourg to 
review prospects for concluding a new governing treaty at the 
Amsterdam summit meeting in mid-June and to consider 
tougher diplomatic measures against Iran because of a Ger- 
man court's niiing tom Tehran's leadership organized toe 
murder of three Kurdish dissidents in Berlin. 

• The ntinisters also ore scheduled to hold the finit min- 
bterial meeting with Turkey in two years to sign a dedantion 
underlining Ankara's eligibility for eventud EU member- 





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A Treaty’s High Cost 

AiDerican ratification of the chem- 
ic^ wea^ns treaty in the end became a 
joint proj^t in which the president and 
a RepubIican<ontrolJed Senate gave 
tiK concept of bipartisanship some life. 
Bi[] Clinton, completing a negotiation 
begun by Ronald Rea^, fought for 
and won something of value to him as a 
political trophy and to the country as an 
imperfect but useful protection against 
chemical calamity. Had he f^en short 
after making such a huge investment of 
prestige and political capital, be would 
have suffered a stinging humiliation. 

But while the Republican origins of 
this treaty and the erucitd Republican 
support for it gave Mr. Clinton a prize, 
be had to pay a very high price for it — 
not only in terms of the contents of this 
treaty but also in the commilmenis he 
made to consider Republican desires in 
other foreign-policy matters. 

For Republicans, the ratification de- 
bate was a trauma. It split the party 
between go-it-alone nationalists led by 
Senator Jesse Helms and try-it-togeih- 
er internationalists led by the paity's 
past and present majority leaders. Bob 
Dole and Trent Loa. These legislators 
secured, as the price of their support, 
several .sets of presidential assurances. 
One set. bearing on this treaty, allowed 
the Republican senators to claim they 
bad rendered safe and acc^table a 
dangerous treaty ibara unvigilant pres- 
ident had signed. This wls a substantia] 
exaggeration but a posture useful for 
purposes of radficanon. 

A second set of presidential assur- 
ances go to other items on the foreign- 
pol icy agenda — reorganizadon of the 
executive branch, the American debt to 
the United Nations, various arms-con- 
trol anan^ments with the Russians 
and so onT^ese bills will become due 
only later, and it remains to be seen 
whsU their true cost will be. 

Foreign-policy bipartisanship used 
to mean congressioiul support for ex- 
ecutive branch initiatives. But the Re- 
publicans now controlling Congr^ 
include an unusually strong hard-line 
element that demands to be accom- 

In the ratification process, the chem- 
ical treaty itself became rather the less- 
er part of the exercise. Indeed, a con- 
sensus emerged that whatever the 
document said, it was not in itself 
going to guide the abolition of chem- 
icai arms; rather, the United States was 
going to have to take on its own un- 
specined responsibilities to deal with 
the problem of chemical proliferation. 
The president to promise that un- 
der certain dire conditions he would 
withdraw from the treaty — leaving 
entiiely unexplored the question of 
how the chemical menace would then 
be dealt with. The tension between the 
multilateralism embodied in the text 
and the unilueralist tendencies ex- 
pressed in the ratification is likely to 
provide further tests between the 
baches as real life unfolds. 

Then; will also probably be further 
tests between the United States and 
other nations ratifying this treaty, as 

latter leam how the American polit- 
ical process has made of the document 
something different in spirit and even 
in letter from what they thought they 
had negotiated.. They were watching 
the American debate not simply out of 
a well-founded concern for chemical 
proUferation. Ibey also wanted to see 
whether the United States can stay 
responsibly engaged with them. The 
evidence of this treaty and this treaty 
debate is that the United States is mov- 
ing the right way but with a measure of 
ambivalence and hesitation that prom- 
ises future uncertainty. 


Insulting Peru 

Had you thought that President Al- 
berto Fujimori of Peru did pretty well 
in rescuing the hostages and with a 
stunningly small loss of life? 

Not everybody appears to agree. A 
line of criticism is developing that the 
special forces were at fault in mowing 
down all the terrorists. It is suggested 
that Mr. Fujimori's triumph was pur- 
chased at the expense of a worrisome 
increase in the power of the military 
and the intelligence service and that the 
president's resulting heightened con- 
nection to the military will damage the 
human rights situation in the country. 
The test will be. it is said, whether he 
now proceeds with necessary inieroal 

All this is more than a little of- 
fensive. Take just the notion that the 
miliiaiy men crashing into the Jap- 
anese Embassy were trigger-happy or 
were following dubious orders to shoot 
to kill. The guerrillas had pledged to 
give their lives to their cause and had 
practiced counter-intervention tactics 
entailing the immetUaie murder of bos- 
t^s. Inere was not much time to 
discover what individual terrorists 
were actually going to do. A battle was 
raging. To second-guess the Peruvian 
soldiers’ tactics, as against praising 
their bravery, seems unworthy. 

As to the anxiety that the episode 
foreshadows an increase in the mil- 
itary's power and a resulting deteri- 
or^oo in the official treatment of hu- 
man rights, this is a pen/erse reading. 
Evety&ng that has since come out 
indicates tinai Mr. Fujimori, the elected 
civilian authority, was completely in 
charge. He enjoys a new measure of 
popular respea and personal prestige, 
which he can set agai^t any increment 
in military assertiveness that may yet 
develop. You would think tiiat, at least 
for this week, any threat to human 
ri^ts would be perceived as coming 
fim fiom the terrorists who held 72 
people hostage, not from the milit^ 
men who set them free. Is not holding 
someone under force and threat of 
death for a prolonged time a rather 
elementary abuse of human rights? 

*rhere will be a time — and it should 
come soon — when E*eruviaos move 
on from their latest terrorist ordeal to 
deal with their country's dire social 
and economic plight. The guerrillas 
who seized the Japanese Emb^sy had 
by all accounts little to contribute to 
this project. President Alberto 
Fujimori is the key man. It seems un- 
fair to patronize him in his hour of 


Her Own Decision 

The news that a 63-year-old Amer- 
ican gave birth late last year has 
prompted calls to set a maximum age 
limit for women who receive treatment 
at fertility centers. But wUie individu- 
al fertility centers can. and already do. 
set age limits, this is not an area that 
requires regulation or other govern- 
ment intervention. The decision on 
whether to undergo pregnancy after 
menopause should remain a private 
choice between a woman and doc- 
tor. based on individual circum- 

Advancing technology has rapidly 
expanded the possibilities for assisted 
reproduction, and eggs donated by 
younger women have allowed older 
women to conquer infertility. As Imig 
os a uterus is healtiiy, the pregnancy 
barrier can be pushed well beyond 

llie California clinic that assisted 
this new mother bars women over S3 
from receiving donated eggs, and 
many fertility clinics set age limits at 
SO or lower, usually because of health 
concerns. But the woman. like many 
Others in her position, simply lied 
about her age. 

She told the infertility specialists 

that she was SO at the time she started 
treatment when she was. in fact. 10 
years older. Even so. she passed ex- 
tensive medical evaluations. 

It was not until three years later, 
alter she was implanted with a donated 
egg fertilized with her now 60-year-old 
husband '$ sperm, that she revved her 
age. According to her doctors, she de- 
livered a healthy baby girl late last 
year. She now goes into the record 
books as the oldest known woman to 
have delivered a child. 

While this mother is a monument to 
the increasing health and fitness of 
older people, she has become the focus 
of debate over the propriety of be- 
coming a parent at an age when con- 
temporaries are enjoying the freedom 
of being grandparents. But in terms of 
maturity and Imowledge. a child may 
be better off with a 60-year-oId mother 
than a IS-year-old one. especially if the 
older woman makes provisions for the 
child in the event she dies or is in- 
capacitated. Society already accepts 
the notion chat oldCT men can be fa- 
thers. Surely it is no more selfish or 
shortsighted for an older woman to 
have a child. 


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How Major ’97 
Relives Dole ’96 

By David S.Broder 

L ondon — 

ister John Major, so tiie 
itics. Bui die campaign te is to s ^ 

over Mr. Major, but Tory 
jpuned a wave of last-minute; 
fears dial taxes would risesnd: 

Br HACKN IB Ct^ (tyel. CtV Sj«die«». 

Counting the Days to Defeat 

C OVENTRY, England — 
John Major peered at 
leather swatches in teal, oat- 
meal. cream, coffee and warm 

"Fasdnating,** he raur- 

Touring the Jagmu- plant 
here to show that British in- 

By Maureen Dowd 

dustiy is thriving (though 

uar is owned by Fordl, 
Major examined lube routines 
and petrol pump modification 
data before moving on to in- 
terior trim — traiira by an un- 
wiel^ mob of wife, press and 
advance staff. 

*‘It’s interesting." Mr. Ma- 
jor said, gazing at leather. ‘ ‘be- 
cause when you see the trim on 
a car. you don't know where it 
comes or how it's cut." 

Poor prime minister. Wel- 
come to the world of Amer- 
ican-style politicking, where 
you learn scuff you never 
wanted to know in excruciat- 
ing detail in return for a couple 
of seconds on the news. 

The tabloid reporters were 
sobered they wondered if tiiey 
could make something of Mrs. 
Major's recycled outfits. ‘*Sad 
Secrets of Norma Major's 
Dresses." vaitured one. 

Mr. Major has an owlish ex^ 
pression. and a cat mouth diat 
curls up slightly at the edg^, 
giving the impression tiiat te's 

dryly amused, evoi when noih- 
ingmusing is being said. 

ne nice John Major re- 
minded me of ^ nice George 
Bush in that last weekend of 
the '92 race, when the pres- 
ident finally realized be would 
never camb up to his younger 
rival. ITie prime minister, 
however, can’t blame a bad 
economy. Britain is sizzling, 
from fa^on to business. "We 
even h^ “The English Pa- 
tient.' * ’ said one fruitimted top 
Tory. (Thou^ Disn^ got the 

Just as George Bush seemed 
to shrink around Ronald Re- 
agan. so -Mr. Major fades to 
gray when the gltmously mad 
Margaret Thatcher steams into 
view, clumhing her fomous 
clarity and ter famous hand- 

When tiw two ^jpeared to- 
gether in northern England, 
foey conjured op the image of 
Norma Desmond and her 
chauffeur in "Sunset Boul- 
evard." When Baroness 
'Ibamher planted a cherry tree, 
she shoveled dirt onto Mr. Ma- 
jor's shoes. 

Mr. Major also fades to gray 
on his own. Tony Biair is con- 
sidered programmed and unc- 

tuous. and reporters like the 
low-key Mr. Major, because 
they he is b^g himself. 
Bin his pai^ has been in since 
Jimmy Csair^ and people are 
bored. One of the more scin- 
tiilating Tory slogaiu. lefo- 
ling to the recession, is: "Yes. 
it hurt. Yes. it worked." 

Tte prinie minister has been 
unable to get much daction 
painting Mr. Blair as someone 
too weak to stand up to the 
French and Gomans — aToiy 
ad had a tiny Mr. Blair sitting 
on Helmut Kohl's lap — be- 
cause Mr. Major himself can't 
get control of his squabbling 

Mr. Major has tried a little of 
Mr. Blair’s "trust me" 
routine. "Know tins: I vdll al- 
ways deal fair and true," he 
said. But inostly. he is trymg to 
be a modest man. He rejected 
the pleas of his ad gi^ Lord 
Saatchi. for a final blitz, fear- 
ing it would smack of panic 
and break the budgeL 

His only hope is tiiat Me. 
Blair starts acting huteistic, as 
Neil Kinnock dm in the last 

election. Unlikely. Mr. Blair's 
interview with The Tunes of 

Londem on Friday was so re- 
lentlessly cautious it merited 
tiie heaefline: "Blair waits to 
unwrap tiie train set" 

The NetrYarit Times. 

itics. But the campaign 
ipaHing for the Omservaiive 
Par^ al^ bears an uncanny 
resemblance to Bob Dole's 
1 996 race for tte presidency. If 
Mr. Maj(»r and the Tories lose 
Thuraday’s electum to Tony 
Blair and the revived Labour 
P^, as all tte polls suggest, 
he may be treats even more 
shabbily his American 

18 years in power — 
1 1 under the redoubtable Mar- 
^uet Tbatdier and die rest un- 
der Mr. Major, the Conserva- 
tives seemingly have unrav- 
eled. For montiis. polls have 
shown tiiCT unable to win 
more rhai^ one-third of the vote 
agatfigf Labour and tiie centrist 
Liberal Democrats. If tiie re- 
sults Thursday coofinn tiiat 
low standing, the Tories face a 
worse rout tiian the Republi- 
cans suffered in 1992, when 
their 12-year‘iun in tiie White 
House enc^ 

Mr. Major is like Mr. Bush 
in being a nice man with uni- 
versally admired personal 
qualities who never has roused 
^ passions that sumnmded 
his predecessor. Just as the 
anra of Ronald Reagan 
Himmed Mr. Bush'S I^lUta- 
tion, so Baroness Thatcher's 
long shadow has kept Mr, Ma- 
jor in the shade. The "Iron 
Lady" was the victim of a 
1990 revolt of Tory members 
of ParliameoL who feared that 
her tax policies an(foveibear- 
iog persoDaliQr would doom 
in the 1^12 eleedem. Bnt 
in political exile, she has be- 
come a figure of historic size. 

Mr. Mt^. contrast, , has 
so little of that rotation that 
Labour P^ adsteve carica- 
tured him as the front half of the 
sUeot-movie comedy team of 
Laurel and IBudy. Tte headline 
on an editmial column in The 
Times of London last Ttesd^ 

summ ed ii n iha jiidgTiieant of ifie 

political eme; “Major is Jjiist 
not up to tte job." 

Th^ was not alwa^ tiie 
view. Like Mr. Bnsb, Afr. Ma- 
jor was able ro nniL.back the 
opposition in the first election 
in which he led his party, la 
1988. Mi. Bush was initially 
the underdog to Michael 
Dukalds, but undermined ihe 
Democrat with a mtfalessly 

Similarly, in 1992 the polls 
predicted a Labour victoiy 

giving the Conservative an 
upset win. But since then, it has ; 
gone steadily downhilL 
lo this canqiaiga, Mr.^ M^; 
has been as nnsucces^ in 
sh^nng die agenda or {xnting; 
Mr. Blair on tiie defenstye as! 
Mr. Dole was witii Mr. Omcon' 
six months ago. Even ihoi^; 
the robust economy shoaki 
vor him- Mr. Major has been | 
ootennined by past bobMes! 
like the ^ow le^’O^ae to the- 
outineak of "mad cow" cHs-: 
and the wavenngs in Itis' 
govennnoit’s mwietaQr policy. ; 

just as Mr. Dole, as^ 
Soiate majority leader, was; 
imahle to restrain tiie head-, 
strong RepnUican freshmen; 
from overplaying their hands, 
in 1995. so Mr. Major has been; 
un^le to ke^ his party from) 
self-destructing in a wave of> 
policy blunders and s candal s. ' 
Any American reporter' 
knows tiiat successful acts of; 
d^ance by rebellious mem-i 
bers of a ptesidetuial candi-; 
date's own party are a near-! 
certain sign ordisasterfR* him.: 
When Rqiresentative Newt) 
Gingrich 1 m a successful re-) 
bdten against the Bush' 
budget and tax increase ini 
19^ and forced Mr. to; 
recant his "apostasy," it was! 
the beguming of tte end for - 
Mr. Bush. And when the Re-i 
publican plarform committee^ 
in San Diego in 1996 refused m; 
accept Mr. DoIe's"t61erance"- 
language in tte abortum jtiank, I 
it sent the same innsage. ! 

Normally, we think of Biit-j 
ish parties as being mudi more , 
disciplinedL But m this cam-> 
paigo, more than 200 Tory; 
inftn>h e r & of Parliament defied* 
Afr. Major's “wait and see"; 
policy and pledged to tiieiri 
constitueDts rhat they would*’ 
never accept the proposed! 
stegle Euirqiean cunency as a‘ 
substinne ^tiie British pound! 
sieriing. -Mr. Major, scram- • 
bling to catch iqi, belatedly; 
promised that these "Euto-i 
skeptics " would be free to vote ; 
then cooscieope .rather .thani 
follow his lead if the issue ever 
came before Paiiiameot. al- 
lowing Mr. Blair to gibe that 
"if be cannot lead tus paity^ 
how can be lead the nation?" - 
Both Mr. Dole and Mr. Bustr 
cansynqaftize with what Mr! 
Major faces. •- 

The Washingum Post. * 


, 1 


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• ■ 





• 'a-.-i.r' 

: -Sr 

7 f.fUrUMt' dL K 

Washington Should Cut the Deficit, Not Raise Interest Rates' 


F rankfurt — whue 

most countries are striving 
hard these days to generate 
growth in their economies, the 
United States is fortunate 
enough to be pondering the op- 
posite problem: how not to have 
too much of it. 

As a result the stock market 
and indeed the entire nation 
hang on every word uttered by 
Alan Greenspan, tiie Federal 
Reserve chairman. 

People worry about the effect 
of higher interest rates — the 
Fed's strategy for slowing 
growth — on their personal in- 

By Norbert Walter 

What is truly tewiidering. at 
least to the eyes of an ouisitW, 
is bow easy it w^uld be for the 
United States to kill two birds 
with one stone. Te:tibook eco- 
nomics provides the perfect 
solution: Cool ti» economy a 
bit making immediate and 
meaningful bndget reductions. 

The problem is that Repub- 
licans arui Democrau, 
joining forces in the last few 
years to make deficit reduction 
a chief priority, are now reluc- 
tant to make the cuts, llie 
Democrats are keen to delay 

de^ cuts in spending, while 
Re^blicans want to take ad- 
vantage of the favorable eco- 
nomic climate to em^iaslze 
tax-cuttirig instead. 

Yet not many Americans 
seem to want or eiqiect any tax 
cuts ri^ now. Fuitiiermore, as 
virtually everybody agr^, at 
some point even tte gloriously 
performing U.S. economy will 
encounter another recession — 
perhaps within tiie next few 

As finance ministers and 
budget officials all over the 

world know, the ideal time to 
administer pain in the economy 
is right alter an election. This 
gives voters ample time to for- 
get the bardshira, because the 
economy will have sufficient 
time to bounce back l^ore the 
next national campaign. 

Using bud^ cuts rather than 
interest rates to tame growth is 

also sounder economic policy. 

stifle bust- 

A Journalist Silenced in Nigeria 

Nigerian journalists are in 
prison. Four are serving IS-year 
jail sentences impo^ two 
years ago by the regime of Gen- 
eral Sani Abacha. .All were sent 
to prristHi after a secret trial by a 
military tribunal — with no de- 
fense lawj-era and no rights of 

1 h^rpen to know one of tte 
journalists rather well: we used 
to share the same newsroom, 
and he's a close friend. Geoige 
Mbah. 34. joined the staff of 
Tell, a Nigerian news 
magazine, in Febnray 1993. It 
was an exciting period. The 
country was in the final stages 
of a long-running transition to 
democrac}’ aimed at ending 
nearly 10 years of military rule. 
Ail ^ over Nigeria, political 
parties were campaigning at a 
furious pace. It w as a great time 
to be a political reporter. 

The presidential election, 
crowning event of the transi- 
tion. was scheduled for June 1 2. 
About 10 days before that. Mr. 
Mbah Quveled from Lagos to 
the far northeast to interview 
the running mate of ooe of the 
presidenti^ candidates. The 
bus he was riding in crashed. At 
least four people died. Mr. 
Mbah ended up in the hospital 
with serious head injuries. 

Mr. Mbah came to work 
the week after he left the hos- 
pital in December 1993. De- 
spite his continuing shaky 
his only complaint was 
that he had missed out on tiie 

Bv Josh Arizxze 

previous six months, during 
which Nigeria went from tte 
June elect^ to the cancellation 
of its results, to tte "stepping 
asite" of the military ruler who 
had ordered the cancellation, to 
(he installadon of his bmd- 
picked civilian successor and 
finally, in November, to the 
shoving aside of tte civilian 
successor by General Abacha. 

Such was the political situ- 
aritxi when on May 5. 1995, Mr. 
Mbah was altered in the Lagos 
premises of Tell rnagazine by 
soldiers from the Directorate of 
Military Intelligence, one of the 
many arms of ^ sprawling se- 
cuii^ system that keeps tte Ni- 
gerian armed for«s ui power. 

Most editors, as they have go 
do during such "visits," man- 
aged to escape the compound. 
But Mr. Mteh was taken away. 
Neither his wife nor any of 1^ 
colle^iues have seen him since. 
Nor Ebubechukwu Yemisi, 
his daughter, (wq mouths old at 

Leoers sent to tte govem- 
ment appealing for Mr. Mbab's 
release were ignored. When 
Bose, Mr. Mbah's wife, visited 
tbe Rtiliiary intdlkence 
he»iquarters. the officers 
threatened to arrest her, too. 
They refrised to accept a fresh 
supply of ins m^'cine. 

In the newsroom, the only 
clue anyone bad as to the reason 
behind the arrest was that tbe 

officer who led the team was 
complaining about an article 
tiiat bad appeared in DateUse, a 

sisten>ublication, about a coup 
plot tte Abacha reginie said it 

had detected. Many Nigerians 
doubted the regime's asser- 
tions, and many public figures 
openly expressed those doubts. 
Tell and Datelme duly reported 

In August 199S, tbe legime 
aonoancM tiiat a secret military 
tribunal had convicted up to 40 
soldiers and civilians in con- 
nection with tbe coup plot 
AzQODg them were four Jour- 
nalists who received 15-year 
jail terms for "cwmliciiy": 
George Mbah of Tell; Qnis&ie 
Anyanwo, publisher of tte 
Sunday Magazine; Ben Charles 
Obi, editor of Classique 
we^y; and Kunle AJibade, ed- 
itor of Tbe News magarine. 
Eteh of tiiese publications had 
r^rorted on the wide^xead 
doubt about tte uithentic^ of 
tte regime's coup plot clainL 

Oy& and above tte sadness 
about his confioemeat in prison 
for two years now, Mr. M^’s 
friends are afraid for his life. He 
was in firagUe health even be- 
fore his arrest Prison condi- 
tions in Nigeria are very batsh. 
And there is m uch reason to 
that unless he is released sooa 
be might not make it out alive. 

Higher interest rates 

ness investment and make 
home mortgages more costly. 

What’s more, only budget- 
trimming, with its reduced gov- 
ernment borrowing, can bring 
down real intteest rates — 
ideally, to where they were be- 
fore the debt-ridden 1980s. 

(Real long-tenn interest rates 
are now at about 4 pment — a 
frill percentage p^t higher 
than they were in tte 1960s, 
when the American economy 
was doing as well as it is now.) 

From an international per- 
spective too, budget-cutting is 
better than interest rate in- 
creases. These days, prospects 
to global growtii are closely 
intertwined with how the 
United States manages its econ- 
omy. hi the hyperlml^ finan- 

cial markets, there is a danger 
that if interest rates soar in tbe 
United States, rates in other 
countries wiD also rise. 

The emerging markets m 
Latzp'Amerto arm Asia are crit- 
ical areas that couM suffer as a 
result To attract investors, na- 
tions in ttese regions wotdd 
have to raise their own rates.- 
Mqst of tiie world — vrith 
growing budget deficits add 
hi^ unemployment in- many 
pla^ — can only dream fif 
haying the pn^lem feced by ^ 
United States: wheths to sac- 
rifice political expedkney 
reasons of economic tTming. . 

la Washington, all it wouh# 
take is for tiie politicdans to ap- 
ply the time-tested principle jif 
unposing limited pain as ea^ 
in a new term as possible, 
preferably while tiie economic 

sun shines brightly 
Tbeo the- l^ted States cidi 

fuitiier extend its 1^ in tte 
gjobal race to create tte mc&t 
viteant national economy. 

The writer, chief ecoriomistAff 
Deutsche Bank, contribuOSd 
this comment to The New Ywk 
Times. . . 

IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS A(^Q 
1897; Grant Honored 

their desire to look attractme ^ 
which does not rhyme with tte 
‘terrors of the law." Tte B®- 
ish authorities doubtless ti»wA 
that the more attractive tbe, 
lioewoman the less nstfial- 
ncss. And what true 'womAo 

federacy took "m in honiwS^J te content to be classed 

»nK>ngtoiessamactive? ; 

crushed tiw rn.,. It 

PARIS — The Times’ New 
York coneqioodeot describ^ 
tte Grant oelebration say ing s 
"Its true agnificaoce is 
something more than tii^ per- 
sonal soidiers of the dead Om- 

— memory awiuKa wno 
cnahed tiie Confederacy. The ia.jw . - . ■" 

widow of tiM dead President of A947; Africa’s Amit£ 

, •• I 

joined in this bomase lo Grant ^ ““**6 8o6ti 

just as heartilymfe iSh? ^j^tisofWestAfcica'spatives. 
emera.Thistimethewarisieallv J? Pro-United Stalfe 

over. It was Giant hmself whi ®™™?“tthatCfonmiunistpas^ 
sai± ‘Let us have nearm • ^ oiganiM tell tribal chiefr that 


10- ly voting for the CommunSt 

tflAVr AM ^ 

day his widi is accomplished." 

1922s ®Too AttractiTe’ 

The wrHer, a Nigerian-born- 
jawmatist, ' contributed this 
conment to The Washington 

PARIS ^ London has not fin - 
ish^ wifli its controvert over 
policewomen: One fundaznent- 
al reason of tiie reactionary 
move to exclude women from 

truiuig xor me Communist 

mey ^ voting fertile anivaliof 
Explanation of iSs 
Lp Q2 the good work | 
Amwican mg- ■ 
a^eS’ m the pqpnlariiy ^ 

^ every concelKion 
«*»nted tte natives ' 

.V. MWUM16 wunieQ mmi uj uh 








If You’ve Got liy Don’t Flout It 

By WilUam Safire 

W ASHINGTON— **6scar Wilde was 
jailed, egdled and rained,'* wrote 
Jofaa Lafar in Tlie New Yorker, in a p iece 
about Woody AHai, "for fhm^ng 
coDvendon off^ge as brazesily as fais epi- 
graius undennioed sooal convention on 


Thac'i aBaely boned aeg teoce, contrast- 
ing dtffenng conventions by stressing die 
adjecdv^ social and sexual andplayingdie 

virod Off: Evi^ the de-esnphasized last pro- 
Doim it was weD chosen, because its al- 
ternative — onstage — 
would have made the 
seotcDce too detenni- 
nedly belabced. 

Only one probleni: 
flaunting was a mis- 

To means "to 
tfiqday. proudly, even 
osieatariottsiy,** the waw 
a peacodt diows its feadiers; indeed, an 
ea^ use of (be word in 1576 was aetin the 
{dnase "whose fetbeis.^aunt, and flicker in 
the winde.** 

The word that fit the ctxitext of The New 
Yorker's piece on Allen was flout, wfiidi 
means "to jm, deride, scoff at, sh^ con- 
ten^muxis disregard for," first cited in a 
ISSl translation of Sir Hiomas. More's 
"Utopia"; "in moste qntduU maner 
mocl^Dge . saidfloMinge diem." 

Hie substitution of flaunt for flout, a 
mistake made frequently enough irritated 
Ann Kirsduier of New Yori:, "The New 
Yoiker nsed to be a bulwaric of elegant, 
not to mention comet, usage," riie wrote 
the magaane. "The^ litde by little, ciadcs 
began to appear in that edifice. With 
the substitutKin of the word ,/Jaunti>tg for 
. flouting . . . the destractioo is now emn- 

That smnevdiat hyperbolic denunciation 
drew a cool r^ty fiom a copy editor. "Our 
use oHflaiM is correct," insisted Ihe New 
Yorker. VAocoiding to Winter's Tenth 
New Collegiate uctiooaiy, flausa may 
mean *to t^ cmtempcuo^^' which is 
the meami^ we had in 'mihd. ihe accom- 
panying usage note points mit that, al- 
diough tins use (d'^dunr ondoubtedly arose 
fimn coition fltmt, the contesxts in 
whidi it appeals cannot be caOed snb- 

Kirs^ner took tiiat to be a dirowmg- 
dowD of a gauntlet. (Or, as they now 

say at The New Yoricer, of a gantlet.) What 
do readers do when good usage gjves way 
to common usage — when error triampfas, 
dictionaries dn^ die standard, ttitng s fall 
apart and the center cannot hold? They 
come — in high dudgerm, puazlement. 
sometimes wfanupering in pain — slooch- 
ing to langiiay maveos for snppoit or 

Ann, your litde fiiends are wrong. They 
have affected by the skiqitidsm of a 

Throwmg.down the 
gauntlet (<mt perhaps . 
they mig^ say gantlet) 
to The New yorkae. 

skeptical age. R.W. Bnrcbfield in the latet 
Fowler’s Modem English Usage says that 
‘"flaunt is often witm ^y used fbr^our.'* 
And in tiiat very usage note cited to you 1^ 
The New Ymto. Moriam-Webster goes 
on to say: "If you use it, however, yw 
riiould be aware that many people will 
consider it a mtodae." 

That warahtt label is expounded by E. 
Ward CUman m Menxam-W^isier's JKc- 
tionaiy of Us^^ **This is (Hie 

issue about there is no dissem amcHig 

usage coDunemaiors. All of them regard the 
nse of flaunt to mean flout as noting less 
than an ignorant . , . Even tfiose 

commentat(HS who are relatively liberal in 
other matters take a 
bard line \riien h 
comes to flaunt and 

The mistake is un- 
doubtedly alive and 
wen, made cv^ day, 
but even • flihnm 
cipines that **we think 
you well advised to 
avoid it, at least xibeD writing for pub- 

What, then, is The New Ycnker — in 
whose pages some of our best autiHxs write 
forpublk^oQ — to do? Brazen it through? 
2gn^ (he whole thing, secredy plar&g 
b^ flout and flaunt on die magarine's 
taboo-list? Turn upon and savage its own 
cc^-editin^ depanmeot, cauring much in- 
temal an gmsh at a rhaf won't 

stand up to fuddy-duddy grammarians 
semantic stiffs? 

When does the fiecniency of error readi 

eritifial tnaat a pd t rangm rm rtiAtnifttalfg intn 


Should we, for example, preserve 
the distincticHi between garnet, "a pnn- 
ishmentran," andgauntlet, "ahavy ^ove 
smnetimes thrown down in challenge"? 
Do only pedai^ insist on most^r/y to mean 
*'skij]fol" while masterful means "dom- 
ineering"? k it w(xA iveal^ig our hnds 
to remember continuous as "incessant, 
unintecrapted" xriiile continual is "re- 
petted wnh brief utermissions' '? Where is 
u written that refine, "to di^aove by ar- 
" most never be nsed as a synonym 
deny in its sense of "to declare on- 

lUght here is whoe it's writteii, in die 
arumadvenive annals of the defenders of 
distinctions. We prescriptivists are aware 
ihaf semantic ahm is a si^ial fay the 
living lan gua ge ; we lie (HI Jeqsersen's 
ooo(£ of metanalyris as a negtron becomes 
an apron through repeated error over the 
cenmrks. But we ask. Why should die 
slurring of sharp lines of definitian take 
place oa our wateh? A stalactite wen't 
became a stalagndte in oor time, no matiei 
how lost we gtt in die Loray Caverns. 

Feariessly do we flaunt oar gauntir^s 
before flin gmg diwin down in chaUenee to 
the l(Niis (if^itt. They may be m (knial, but 
we're in 

^ewyaiit Tima Service 


By Thomas Pynchon. 773 
pages. S27J0. Henry Holt. 
Reviewed by 
Michael Dii^ 

S HORTLY after "Grav- 
ig's Rainbow" {^^leared 
in 19^, TbCHHas Pynchon re- 
portedly signed a contraa for 
two future books. One was 
tentatively titled “The Japa- 
nese InstnaDce A<$oster“: 
PynclKjn scholars such as Ed- 
vravd Mendels(» have spec- 
ulated that parts of this book 
may have been ganfiihaii^AH 
for "Vineland” (1990). When 
that serio-goofy C^ornia 
novel ^ppeairetl, many teatiens 
feU mtire (H less (lisappointetl: 
For all its merits. "\^laiid" 
just couldn't be the awescMne 
matterwevk that J^mebon fans 
were patiently awaiting. 

Obvionsly. it was a breath- 
er, the a^ogue to the 
novella-length "Crying of 
Lot 49" (1967), wMch die 
reclusive author brought out 
between his amttitious first 
book, "V." (1963), and his 
youddul summa of modern 
history and culture, "Grav- 
ity’s Rainbow." 

The other noveU en vi- 
sioned nearly a quarter of a 
century ago, was at dial time 
called "The Masoc-Dixon 
Line." Did Pynebon. who 
will be (50 on May 8, tfaa 
know how many years 
would devoie to this project? 
^d he, as runK3r has it, ac- 
tually walk tte entire line, the 
boundary between Maryland 
and Peo^lvanla established 
in the 1760s by astronomer 
Charies Mason and surv^or 
Jeremiah Dixon? He certainly 
must have spent considerabie 

time in Ubranes, mastering 
the aicana of surveying and 
early modem science , picking 
up the conte nvp o t ' ary lingo of 
saiI(HS, fops, (Quakers, Dutch 
businessmea, preachers, In- 
dians, slaves, colonial farm- 
ers, whores and Philadelidua 
lawyo^, gatoering folktales 
and historical anecdotes, 
above all, sucking in die fla- 
vor of 18th-century speech, 
acquiring a bone-d^ feel for 
its sentences. 

The long-anticipated re- 
sult. "Ma^ & Dixon." 
proves a daaling master- 
piece of imaginative re-cre- 
ation, a marvel-filled histor- 
ical novel, set largely in 
colonial Americ^ but with 
extended side trips to Eng- 
land, South Africa and the 
island of St. Helena. In its 
pages F^mebon sets the reader 
down in a bustling world 
where bewig^d men of sci- 
ence belie^te in ghosts and 
magic, where gecunetry may 
butt up against ancient myth, 
where dogs talk and Golems 
stride through the vrildemess 
asd Jesuit agents are masters 
of guile and disgi^. 

There are ihruliog escapes, 
melodramatic revelations. 
giiTnptes cd the great (Best 
Franklin, Samuel John^), 
moch reflection on deat^ 
dozens of songs (a favorite 
Pyncfaon device), and the 
Steady growl of colonial com- 
plaint against King George 
and his rule. Not least, 
thou^, " Mason & Dixon " is 
a paean to ftiendriup. a buddy 
book about an English Don 
(Quixote and a Scots Sancho 
Panza at large in the New 
World, a 1760s "On the 

Though daunting in tqipear- 

ance — the text is stippled 
with c^talized nouns and 
strange words — the novel is 
in fact fairly accesrible and 
cxcqHzonaUy funny, ever the 
saving grace of big demand- 
ing novels, ^mchon's humor 
lakes many fonns: puns, ana- 
chronisms, mimicry, in-house 
jcAes, pastiche. Two ships, for 
instance, are named the HMS 
Inconvenience and HMS Un- 

Deftly muring past and 
present, Pynebon nequently 
takes familiar proverbs and 
gives them a periphrastic, 
neoclassical ^in: "this island 
. . . not ev'ryone’s Brochette 
of Curried Albacore, is it?"; 
"‘Inexpensive Salvo"; even 
the Laurel and Hardjtesque 
"‘Another b(MUiy g^-on 
tha've got us into . . There 
are the usual funny names — 
the Reverend Wicks Chary- 
coke, the Redzinger family — 
and an aunt who tells her 
nieces and nqibews tall tales 
about her wild youth: 
" Twas given me by the Sul- 
tan. Dear Must^pha, ‘Stufiy,* 
we caDed him in fbt Harem 
chambers, amongst our- 
selves.*' Pynchon also peri- 
odically dt^ in a bad pure 
" 'Sari,' conects Mason. 
'Not at all Sir, — Twas I who 
was sarong.' " 

I N general, "Mason & Dix- 
on^' fc^ows the actual 
events of its heroes' profes- 
sional lives pretQr faithfiiUy 
— but makes sure that the duo 
bump up against a steady 
parade of eccentric, Monty 
P^ODCsque characters, most 
with stories to tell. The Ther- 
mos bottle, pizza. shi^piDg 
inallK, and the setf-winding 
watch make their American 

debuts. As it happens, miles 
into the wilderness, tte sur- 
vey team and ite axmen en- 
counter a case of — 
‘"Kastoiamhropy.' noles- 
sor Voam ^al^g his head, 
‘And haven’t I seen it (lo 
things to a man. Tragick.* " 
Seem that people suffering 
from this malady turn into 
giant beavers during the full 
ni(X»i. Naturally, the wifo of 
the Were-Beaver soon instig- 
ates a (Ximest between 
husband and blond Stig to 
determine who can fell the 
most trees during a mrxHilit 
ni^L Huge bets are placed. 
Alas, the astronomers fail to 
remember the scheduled lun- 
ar eclipse, with disastrous 
consequences. About this 
time they also learn that Stig 
is not F^ly a Swede but a 
mysterious Northern being 
who has mastered the subtle 
art of "impersonating a 
Sv/ede." "Is ours not the Age 
of Metammphosis, with any 
turn of Fortune a possilnl- 

No Thomas PynchcKi novel 
is authentic without its dollop 
of paranoia. "Mason and 
Dixm" speculate constantly 
about whether they are being 
tnanipula^ by their super- 
iors in Britain, or by Evi- 
dence, or by other, stranger 
forces. The Indians speak of 
ancient Guardians; Dixon 
finds himself spirited away 
for a visit to the gnome-like 
creatures who inhabit the 
Hollow Earth: there are hints 
of aliens outer space and 

a time when people could 

l^vtsuHL boondaiies, chains, 
lines — such visible and in- 
visiUe coDsiramts provide die 
central metaphor of the novel 


By Alan Tiuscott 

W HEN the biddii^ 
reached four spades, in 
the 4iagramivt dftat, after ag- 
gressive jumps both play- 
ers, South tried Blackwood. 
This is usually dangerous 
when holding a v<Hd, since 
the ace tiie void suit is not a 
nx]nired element fcH slam 
pmposa. The partnership 
was tiring the mod^ variety, 
Roman Key Card, with tte 
provision that a five-club re- 
sponse showed one or four 
key ciuds, counting the tramp 
long as (Hie of five "aces." 
Norfo made this resp(»ae. 

although it would have been 
wiser to !»d rix hearts, show- 
ing a vmd bean and one ace. 
South ctmluded that her part- 
ner held four aces and lea^ to 
seven spades. 

A grand slam misring three 
aces is a more plausible 
position than one misring 
four, and this contract hinged 
on the opening lead, ff East 
bad made a Ughmer double 
to suggest a diamoad lead. 
West would have known 
what to do. And a passive 
ttump lead would have been 
efiectiw. removing a crucial 
tramp from toe dummy. 

But West selected toe he^ 
ace. conectly announcixig as 

he did so "This is probably a 
migtaifft South Silently coo- 

rim iM in ibis statement as she 
inqiected a dummy that con- 
tained one key card instead of 
die expected four. She ruffed 
low in dimimy ami led the 
club king, ruffing out East’s 
ace. She diea ruffed a heart 
and discarded her Hiamnnd 
loser on the club queen. 

The beans were now good, 
but South did not know tiiaL 
She entered her hand by luff- 
ing a chib with a higfrt trump, 
and raffed the heart ten isrith 
dummy’s last (ramp. She then 
ruffed a diamond high and 
drew Crumps claiming her 
grand slam. 

O — 

* 1C Q IB a 





•J64Sa AAS75 





Boih Mte ware ndnenlilB. UU- 








I A 






4 A 









Waa M the brut Bce_ 

The melaactuily Mas(xi is ob- 
sessed with his dead wife Re- 
bei^ utoose spirit oocarioa- 
ally crosses "that grimly 
panoUed Lise, the very essemte 
Dhision.” Slaves, in South 
Africa and America, are cir- 
cumscribed in every aspect of 
existence; Dutdi live con- 
stantly reminded “of the 
Boundaries tom lo be o’er 

A t its climax. Mason and 
Dixon glimpse the edge 
of the Old Amoica, a worid 
of Indian mounds, magical 
Warrior Paths, giant vegeta- 
bles, Telluric power sources, 
and invisible "Electors." 
This experience of the "rap- 
ture of the west" never cpiite 
leaves them. It is. of course, 
an old dream; the prospect of 
an Edenic garden wb^ the 
Fall never took place, the in- 
viting legend of the Big Rock 
Can^ Mountain, the recur- 
rent sense that once, on these 
riiores, mankiDd might have 
escaped some of the boitds 
and charters and boundaries 
that confined him elsewhere. 
"Mas(Hi & Dixon" transports 
us to the period when that 
mythic, natural geography — 
the re^ of Vineland toe 
Good — was first fading 
away, as surveyors divided 
the land and astronomers 
charted a sky across which 
there will all too soon come a 
certain hideous screaming. 

Still, one mustn't end a re- 
view of this dark carnival of a 
book on a tnelanriioly note. 
After all Mason fiist meets 
his beloved RebekaH when he 
is neariy crushed to death by a 
gigantic dieese. When Dixon 
offers a toast "To the pursuit 
of h^ipiness," a young man 
with r^ hair wonders if he 
would mind "if I use the 
Phrase sometime?” A poUt- 
ically incorrect colonist as- 
serts that "Bodices are fbrrip- 
ping, and there's an end upra 
it" Even a colonial sampler 

In the pages of "Mason & 
Dixon" humor may surprise 
you anywhere: When E^on 
an^y frees some slaves, he 
decide to whip, maybe eveo 
kill, their swaggering, foul- 
mouthed exploiter, who im- 
mediately crumples and 
pleads. "No! Please! My 
little ones! O Tiffany! Jason! 

You gotta love a book like 

Michael Oirda is a writer 
and editor for The Washing- 
ton Post Book World. 

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12 Hamm Road. CsnM. Hong Kong 
Teh 852 2S22QI72 Fare 852 2S15399 
E-fflA OCnA«OCRA.COWjft 
Whb pages: WWW OCRA.CCM 

|r. Obeebir. Ssmiwi 
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Sqim, Di6bi 1 MamL 

7W: 4 353 1 6618490 Fix: 6616463 

ehie or advee Teh London 44 161 74i 
1224 Fax: 44 161 748 655a'6336 

HONG KONG CO. S620 Annual cost 
S86D SR LU. 7D1. 35 Queens's Rd. a 
FK Tel: 8S2-2S250275 Fax 28400217 

Badness Services 

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Cd The USA Fjonc 
Germany ... ......... .. ... 6033 


France 3032 

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Teh 1-407-777-4222 Fas 1407-777-6411 


Bond Street - Mail. Phone. Fax, Telex 

T0: 44 171 499 9132 Fax 17l 496 1^17 







He/she wfO be in charge of feoslblity. monufocturirTg 
and cost, studies. Following an engineering 
edLxxitlon spedoUzed in mechanlc:s and 
reftlgerotion.fhe successfi^ condldcsfe will have 
gained 3 to 5 years of experience in a simRor 
function. Ref. 803/AS 


The candidate wiB work with the ErTgineerirrg 
Department in order to select the purchasing 
needs of an ccMnponents to be purchased, by 
taking into account the ports definitions. He/she 
will focus on comporrent costs and ovoilobnity 
throughout various production sites in the world. 
Following on engineering educotton.the 
successful candidate will hove gained 3 to 5 years 
of experience in a ^llor function. Ref. 803/GP 


^ease siMsmit your detoBed 
apf^calion under Ihe 
adequate reference to 
Communique. 50/54 rue de 
SBIy. 925 13 BotJogne- 
BHIancourt Cedex. 

He/she will define the nxinufacturing assembling 
and logistics processes and Implement the 
defined processes in the different stes (USA, 

Europe and Asia). Following an engineering 
educotton.the successful candidate will have 
gained 3 to 5 years experience in automotive 
industry plus manufacturing or logistics. Ref. 803/ML 

The selected candidates will be mobile. 
English is the working language : another 
language Is de^able. 


We are a successful European industrial group of companies and market leader 
in our field. Present in more than 100 countries worldwide with sales and 
distribution organizations, our annual turnover is expected to reach 5 billion US 
doUars. In Asia, we operate our ow-n subsidiaries in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Giina. 

Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and the 
Philippines.^o exploit the nowth potential in the region, we intend to expaivd 
our management capability.^erefore, several 

Career Opportunities in Sales and Marketing 

are being created primarily for Asian nationals as well as for expatriates who 

, O' - . - i ..L. 1. l4*MiA4«0K An.frhcl- 

sales/markeong management positions in either one of the major wi 
markets in Asia; thereby bemg trained and prepared to assume General 
Management positions viilhin a tew years. To meet these challenging goals, we 
seek nigh-cafibre professionals approx. 32 to 38 years of age, a degree in 
engineenng, the saences or business administration, along with a professional 
experience in the area of industrial produefe, consumer goods, 

telaommunication or information systems. The outstanchng po^tial of th^ 
Dositions requires ambitious professionals with an intenutu)^ miro-set, a good 

positions requires ambitious professionals with an intenutu^ 
fommand of English, solid planning and organjation abilities, a strong sense ot 
problem solving, and excellent interpersonalskills. 

For a first contact, please send or fax your CV to the IS^Sld- 

Personnel & Management Consultants Inc., P.O. Box 315, 8030 Zunch, Switzer , 
Fax -141-1-2^9011; E-MailJ*erma6toluewiach. 

Serviced OfiTces 

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Paris based infemotiano! pharmaceutical oompony 
requires MB»OU ZXXrTOfi. 
For the proofreading and control of translated (French- 
^tglish) documents and study reports on a part-time 

irasis (flexible hours). 
Good knowledge of French essential. 
Appllconts should submit a letter, with CV gnd photo, 
Id ORS, Mr. URBAUER, 1 4 rue de Bezons, 
9241 5 Courbevoie Cedex, Frarce. 
Pieose quote the reference IHT/28 on the envdope. 

Embassy Service 




ApavnETB to mm teittsd or not 
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FRBICH FEMALE. 22. tant in 
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180 Gouniiies daily. Witii global sa les lisn^ and the (ftening 
of hvo more pnnt sites this year, the *l^cld'S' Daily 
Newqiaper" continues to expainic^dfy. 

We are now iooki^ for a Giculation Sales Director for 
Switzerland, based in our Zuridt office. The brief is to grow 
circulation sales to furttter strengthen the newspaper's 
lational daUk 

sition among international HaiTww ml , 

one ot the IHTs key markets worldwide. This portion wiD 

entaU complete resjfonsibiUw for distribution, marketing and 

sales of the newspaper throi^sh the various 

The ideal candidate will be a 

j. . w •““* -'****-' vriut ocu-ua/uvaoxHx onu sjeu 

disopiine are more important qualities for this diaOenging 

Flup7 in both Geonan and English is a mnst Swiss' 
national or Swiss working pemiiffe preferaiUe but not 

pMpnHal ^ ^ . 

ilicahons will be kept in strict confidence. Please write 
' fuUCV and current salary details to: 

Didier Brun 
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International Herald Tribune. Refc IHT 28' 

181, ave Charles-de-Gaulle, 92521 Neuilly - Fuanoe 

THETOlPsnUPrW iWM ^ ily n 


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Cenkai end ^ Eutopeat law inMe 
(CBBJ). a pndBcr of the Ameiicwi A 
AssocMHon pimiSng leohaicai 1^ 
BsaBlance to Eesiern Eurapa and the 
Newly Independent Slates, aeeki 
RegimI Inshtutien-BuiklriEAclvaafDr 
toB-yeer lann begtontoD Swner 1997., 
DuBis: work wlh CEEU nprasetoMMi 
end Into) pirtner NGOs fcr-deielOD am 
implement abatMies lor lorig-tetm 
otganizttoral and raicai nriiuy. 
Loettfon: . Bratislava. Slovakia,, but 
reqiMS slipSIcani travel in hi lam ' 
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agnnance. [ 

Fax letter, rasume. and contan 
kdomirian for Ihrae mIeiHicRiDc '* 
Uia OcHeion M (802) 6^567 -* 
by May 15. 1997. Oray those asked ^ 
MeivleR «l be «n»*»*rt . 

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tortea, partnaaisps and joht ver 
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lopelUJ^ EasAsan Anatn^ 

U.S. EwcuihB to a US. 
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Phone (201)543W 

and ghe a brief .- 
'deaEflpilon d Oto.oppoitaiy- 

SPANSH OTBEN, 55 . Fmnll CBSi 4 L 
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Spam, 21 yra in France, vmrfcet: v 
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^Aieat/onal Positions , 

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CrwyJ B rf lyOrSmyfhwi Oi^i aie to - 

^ ^airiao tcM leader, Laurent 
Kabila, told United 
^ ^and odier officials Sunday 
that he knew die whereabouts 
of thousands of Rwandan 
refugees who have fled fiom 
*'Oam^ in easton Zaire, rebel 
officials said.' • ' 

At a press co nf et e n ce later, 
Mr. Kabila said Ae United 
l&tUHis bad 60 days to re- 
patriate ail Rwandtn Hutu 
refugees in Zaire * ‘or we will 
do it ourselves." 

*- It was not - immediatiely 
known whether Mr. irahila 
^49ould penmc su^Edfes to be 
talun to die reii^g^ 

He also said the United Nar 



tioDs diould begin an aiiiift 
£com Kisan^mi on May 1 of 
ell refugees' remaining in 

Die rebel chief afgft 

lary-general, Kofi Arman, for 
accusing his ^trocm of delib- 
erately blowing monsands of 

Ire said his forces knew die 
whereabouts of more than 
50,000 refiigees who fled dttir 

makedlift ramp^ enwlh of 

Kisangani tast week to esoye 
attacks Aom local villa yty 
Meanwhile, a group of 33 
Hntn refugees wto fled (heir 
canp when it was aHacfcpiri 
last wedc were atdrfted to 

Kigali in the first direct fU|^t 
of refugees from Zaire to 

UN offitials said the 33 
tefiigees, who fled the Kasese 
ramp , about 35 Idlometers 
(55 miles) south of Kisan- 
gani, flew home firom a two- 
and-shhalf year exile aboard a 
special fli^K. 

“You certainly cannot say 
an airiffi luts started," one 
offidal said. “This is just tme 
ftidt, but neverdieless a 

Mr. Kal^auieed to ajcnnt 
meeting widi united Nations, 
European Union and aid of- 
fidals ‘after separate talks 
widt rndxvidua} l e pi e sen ta- 
dves Sahnday. 

Earlier Sunday, rebel 
troops again hlodced aid 
woixers journalists from 
traveling fnm Kisangani to 
areas where the refugees were 
believed to have fl^ aid of- 
ficials said. 

Planes flying over dense 
forest south of Kisangani 
found lisle sign of refugees, 
although about 50 were fer- 
ried flionfa across tbe Zaire 
River by villagers in dugout 

UN aid agency officuls on 
an overfUg& srooed several 
hundred peo{M, probably 
Rwandan Hutu, gadiered 
around 50 kUomefieis soiuh <tf 
Kisangani, a UN official 
said. (Reiners, APj 

TREFXJGEESs Vc Catching Jhem and Killing ThenC 

Co&tinDed from Page 1 

fe s or otiKT firsthand evidence of mas* 
siacies. • i' 

. Die rrtieil leaders have cooristendy 
^denied kiUiiig any Rwandan zefrig^ 
Soil, their forces- qyai q idy see 
these hard-fine Rwandans not jnst as 
refugees — aldiCR^tb^usettewoid — 
V~biaas gueiriUas and legidiiiatB targets. 

^ The second war one encounters is die 

. main one that has entimgliBd all of Zaire: 

" 3ie civil war betw ee n the goverameiit 
soldien ctf IMaikiU Mobnni Sese Seiko 
_ rebels, led by Laureztt Kddla, who 
are expected to eventually win. 

■ liie viUs^ of Bafwandu, 300 Idlo- 
^neters (188 tailes) northeast of Kisan- 
gani by road, v a dianed reminder of die 
vraiy Martial Mobum’s troom have 
sometimes earned out die fighting. 
~About 500 people lived in the vjQ^ 
when, die sarvivms say, g ov ermu eat 
' soldiCTS suntonded it cm JasL 25 and 
moved in at-iiawn. 

They shot dozens of people, bat the 

firing woke everyone up and sent fam- 

is widely diqiened, so many _ 

to escape, bat various accounts 
that from ^ to 70 people were 
and many others woimded. ' 
“The stdifiers went around firing and 
idfimg peo^ aU die way dnrough die 
town, men tfa^ roon^ people up 
and lodced tbem in a ibw booses and 
burned them down," said Michel Ma- 
(fidi, a 26-year-old frrmer said be 
hid in the bushes as die massacre 

final war in (he ri^<m is the 
oddest bat also the least threatening to 

It IS tbe quixodc on-and-off conflict 
waged by Mri-Mai guerrillas, who hide 
in £e juDgle and smoke largo quantities 
ffiarijnana. They ■enni wri rm^ raise 
BKoey by handitfy. 

The are ^artknlariy feared 

finders becanae it is vndely befieved dot 
they are impervious to bulkts. The word 
“ mar * means water in several local Ian- 


BRAZIL: Police Abuse, As Seen on TV, ‘Can Happen to Anybody’ 

Condniied from 1 The officen hit Mr. Sanches 39 times 

in ri ght tnintttaie, at rimea <rt harwH lhat 

die police ihused are a cross-section of they struck 1pm widumi eudmriasnL 

Biazilians, Mute aid Uack and of mixed 
_iace, i> 0 KU md middle dass — anoiym- 
pus cirizets stomied sinqiiy becanse 
tli^ used fiayal Street as a sbortCBL 
One of the first to be abused was 
~Silvio Cafido Lecnos, vdio on March 3 
was slat^ and diea ominously hM out 
of camera iriew, where die serious beat- 
*' Tags took place. The officer in chnge. 
Oemtvio lorenco Gamfara, ahose iiidc- 
name is Rambo, gave Ids partner, Ndson 
Soares dr Silva Jr., a m^itstick. The 
^viewer cfclw gfinpscs 
^By Mr. Soi^ but tor abota30 secidjbds 
aU rfiar isfaeard are Mr. Lemos’s cries. 

At mihught March -6, three pec^le 
were orfered out of a car — Anto^ 
' Carlos Gas, JeSecsem Sandies Cipm 
and Mari) Jose Josano. Mr. Sanches, an 
accountan, aagercd the officers by ask- 
ing why he h^ been stc^iped. He was 
struck 1y Mr. Gambra and by Mr. 
Sciares, vbo diiected his riot sddc at die 
soles ofldr.Sandies's feet 
^ . “T^hadlfaeauibdtytotBkecfi'lds 
r rimes anlnttaimindiest^cdhisfeet.*’ 
said Jos CarlosBlat, dteprosMutt^ die 
case, “fhe barbarism is astonishing." 

*There was no logical explanadc^" 
hfr. .Sandies said. "They were treating 
me tike I was an animaL" 

Eventually die doee victims were al- 
lowed to ger back into die car. Mr. Sanc- 
hes later f«ifi he haH the nflfia»r<e 
tor die nnmber of dieir squad car. 1^. 
Gamfara shoe twice at die car's rear win- 
dow as it palled away, stiildag Nfr. 
JosinciiD die back and JriUzqglum. 

The sbexuing was that m^it, 

but no nofioe investigstioia was opened. 
ThenjDfrtqie was ^vm to prosecutors 
and die tdeviricm hdWoik Rede Globo. 

TbeiBoognitiaD due it could hiqipen to 
atMiod^ has led to sonie sonl-searctniig 
in Brazil, paiticalaily ro Sao Paulo. The 
aw areness of such injustice has made 
long-rielpyedieforins in die jndidri sys- 
tem and in the police force a prioriQr. 

“There are pi^ of society who de- 
fend. sometimes hnplicirty, pcdice who 
extennmate baiufits, cnmmals, sus- 
pects," Mr. Maney said. 

News diat diepofice dqmctinent here 
is not only inefficient but occasionally 
minderciiis is not new. In die wake of die 
video's release. Human Rights Watch 

Americas luriied ottc a report it had been 
preparing for months oa police violence 
in BrazQ, in which the group concluded 
thatofficers in rnajor urban areas “often 
loll without jusdocadon" and diat so- 
ciety's feilare to cuib this tenden^ in 
effect encouraged police to be abusive. 

But die tape has acottoiplisbed what 
no scholarly study or human-rights corn- 
plant was able to do during the many 
years tl^ organizations bm tradeed 
Moleoce in BiariL What had been 
sioqdy a collection of statistics suddenly 
became wounded flesh and fresh blood 

Li Sao Paulo alone, police killed 2,203 
peofde.between 1992 and 1996. 

The lO offioBtsiafctedasaicsolt of 
die tqpe are a synqitam of what WUsoQ de 
^ivena Moais, die director and pres- 
ident of die 45 JlOfl-nieniber nulitaiy po- 
lice assodatico d Sao Iloilo, called “an 
rifiog fence" — acocpswfaerealcaholum 
u prevakot, one om m eveiy four officers 
hto lost time because of stress and 37 

Undetpud, orverwcuked and out- 
gnaoed the <xm on the street often tnnis 
violent 9^. Motais warned stale of- 
ficials last year diat low salaries and 
otiier factors were moearin^ delin- 
quency on the force al an al armmg rate. 

TURKEY: Government Struggles to Survive MUiteiry Pressure 

Continued from P8S^ 1 

acceping the hospitality d die conser- 
vativeSaifdi govamnent 

mimsters who reamed Saturday have 
strongly critidzed Mrs. CQler for re- 
fusing to that Mr. Erbakan keep 

die secularist promises be made in f^v 

CSUei, whom 

Last wedc. a bandfid of Prime 9fin- 
isier Eibakan's SQpporCeis in Parliament 

duty were jx<qpaiing to defect from 

- Tb reagi^ons of the twb cabiDec the coalitioa to hting down die gov- ruaty. 

memleis as -Torkqy's senior mil- ermnent by leav^ it witboot a par- Among those praou^ were to cut die 

itaiy ind civilian i neln^ng Mr. fiamemary nuy<mty. number d si udai ts being trained at re- 

Erbabn, in Ankara for what Their leader, Aydin Meoderes, a limous academies, ctadt down on 

was een as a erndaZ meeting of die dqxdy chairman of die WeUare Jtety, Muslim groups who are believed to be 
Natihal Security CouDciL has tew associates that he feared a mu- accomiilamng weipons, close unli- 

*>Tiwyaresom e devdopfiientsinqiir hay coop if the government was not censed Koran schools and end his 
Mtnat f he bas***^ mns titiitkaigl br«mte dowD deiiioctatically. party'srecraitmmitofc^oersdismissed 

prinaples of oor republic," saU the “He's saying that sometfaiDg has to be from 

done to avdd a faoge extriorioo. " one 

“ chieofdie 
W. Hakd 


staff, Goietal Ismafl 
lyi, as be entered tbe meet- 


s a id no'Dxdc could remain “nn- 
panal in fee fece of dus." 

3. Kr. ErbMmn to power in June 
Aftr an etection in wfaidi his Wdfue 
Pfey, an Tylawiic party, won less tfam 22 
perent of the vote. He formed a coalidoQ 
wii^ TYue Pafe Rnty beaded by Th^ 
(^BT, who bereme his fiiteign m i nister . 

Military commanders have come to 
desst bofe Mr. Erbakan, whom they 

vi«v as having a hidden agenda aimed at 

detroying Dnldrii secnlarism, and Mrs. 


Mr. Menderes’s friends said in an in- 
terview. * ‘He sees two trains nmning co 
a track toward each other, and he do^'t 
want to stand by and allow a crarii." 

Mr. Meoderes has a qiecial reason to 
fear die results of a ct^. -EBs fefeer, 
Adnan hfenderes, was prejdent of Tur- 
key m 1960 vriien die nufitary carried out 
a coop and was brer bmgpd along vridi 
several tnernbers fab goyenuneiit. 

As it has seemed more likely diat tbe 
goveznaxnt was approadiing collapse. 
Mrs. CSller has scrambled to j^ oe- 
gotiations widi odier parties. The two 

the army because of their fan- 
damentalist synpodnes. 

Turkish newspapers have been pre- 
dicting Mr. Erbfkan's fall. Even some 
commentatots who have supported hfr. 
Erbakan until now are reccnciled to fee 
prospect of them, Ilnur Cevik. 
wrote a column that sounded like an 
oUtuary of his govenstnenL 

“The masses who make up more than 
70 pe r c en t of ^ electorate do not trust 
Wel&re," be wrote of the pizme min- 
ister's party. ‘ ‘Welfare not ouy failed to 
undertake any reform^ but, on the con- 
traty, gave die imixession of covering up 
serious cofrqptioo charges." 

guages, and fee ballets are said to tnm to 
water before hitting the Mai-MaL 

Some people even believe feat the 
Mai'Mai can fly tinougfa ^ air m ac- 

^^^dai seein^have sown special 
fear in fee government troops. In several 
cases in dus regloo, government forces 
fled at die first rmnars feat Mm-Mai 
were coining. ' 

The Mai-Mai, or groups of them, have 
fought wife almost cvctyone at various 
times, but at die xzxxnent feey are mosdy 
aligned wife fee rriiels. 

la the town of Marrfeasa, however, 
icsideols reported that there had been two 
armed clashes eaifier tins year between 
Mai-Mai guerrillas and the rebel forces. 
When the Mai-Mai were killed in these 
battles, h was said to be beemse they had 
not fbfiowed traii^ properly. 

In particular, it was speCTlated feat 
di^ ni^t lecendy have sex, which, 
some ^irians say, destroys die Mai- 
Mai's protection fr^ buEMs to a day 
car two. 

NOT THE USUAL BUNNIES — Ukrainian artists lighting candies Sunday on traditional Easter bread for 
the Orthodox holiday, which ooincided with tbe lltb anniversary of the fire at the Chemobyi oiiclear plant. 

E4MINE: Korea Is Desperate 

Condnned from Page 1 

now, bringing them across 
tins island," said Uu Dun- 
ping, the trader, pointing to 
tire treads in the sand. 

Until last year, residents in 
Chinese bor^ towns say, it 
was inconceivable that a 
Nttfe Korean guard would 
allow anyone to cross from 
China wifeout clearance in 
advance. Now, Chinese 
traders, many of them selling 
grain b exchange for copper 
scrap, go every day. 

On Island, tbe peasant 
women simply looked down 
at their feet t^en asked ques- 
tions. Tbe reaction was not 
surprising, because an accu- 
sation of a crime as serious as 
telling state secrets to a for- 
eige^ can inovoke an entire 
family's removal to a poor 
area d tbe int^or. 

Chinese traders who travel 
farther Inside the country. 
mr»tty selling flour, return 
wife tales of human horror. 

“You see women standing 
in front of their homes wife a 

/ianghlpr, hewing yOU wfi) 
stop and buy her." said Yang 
Xiaoyang, a truck driver in 
dto oeaiby border city of Dan- 
don^ wto recently returned 
from a day trip ro North 
Korea. “It’s worse than last 
^ar, and that was bad 
riready. People you see on the 
side of tbe road are skin and 
bone. If you stop, men come 
up to you and ask to liquor, 
even when theb: femilies have 
no food." 

Mr. Yang said his fellow 
drivers co mp a r ed borror sto- 
ries, ail second-hand and im- 
pc^bie to confirm, of wan- 
dering packs of chDdren who 
fight other for a scrap of 
food, of drunken solcfiexs 
shooting farmers for a potato, 
evre of men killing their 
\rives or ^lildren to sell tbe 
flesh off feeh bones. 

“ft's like our ‘three (fis- 
astrous years,' " said Mr. 
Yang, referring to the famine 
that wip^ out ^ million 
Chinese in tbe eariy 1960s. 
“Terrible things happen 
when people get hungry.^' 

Now feat even North 
Korea's usually umalkative 
leadership is admitting to 
severe shortages, aid 
groups are shipping emer- 
supplies. United Na- 
tions offimals estimate feat 
die nation's grain shorty 
will reach more than 2 million 
tons this year. 

Washington recently an- 
nounced d^ it would send an 
additional SIS million worth 
of food, in hopes of lining 
Norfe Korean officials into 
tallcK with South Kor^ the 
United States and China to 
negotiate a formal peace 
treaty for fee Korean War that 
ended in 1953. China also an- 
Qoonced new donations of 
70,000 tons of grain. 

Tbe famine is unlikely to be 
solved by one-time shipments 
of food, especially when it is 
hard for donors to be sure lhat 
the food actually gete to fee 
needy, given tbe likelihood of 
profiteering and speculation. 

By all accounts, the econ- 
omy is falling apart in North 
Korea, where the govern- 
ment's health has been stead- 
ily declining since 1991, 
Mfeen fee Soviet Union col- 
lapsed and stopped sending 

Many residents in the area 
say tl^ Qiinese border 
guards often choose not to 
look for refugees from Noith 
Korea, partly out of compas- 
sion for their suffering but 
also from an unwillingness to 
deal wife fee paperwork aud 
bureaucratic responsibility 
involved in returning tbem. 

Chinese in (his area seem to 
be split among feose who are 
sympaibetic to their Korean 
uei^bors, and others who re- 
sent the Chinese govem- 
tnent’s long-standing support 
of North Korea and resistance 
to ties wife South Korea until 
lecem years. 

'‘Why did we have such 
bad luck, getting North Korea 
as a neis^boi?" asked Wang 
Lipingf wbo runs a restaurant 
inDandong.‘‘lfwewere next 
to South Korea, just think 
bow much richer we would 

BRIDGE: Feting Link to Asia 

edafioued from Page 1 

fee night sity. Out in tbe bay 
bobbed a flotilla of boats. 

Anxi^ ^x)ut security ran 
higb after cables al tbe mdge 
were cut Ity saboteurs or van- 
dals this month. 

VantbJism is unusual m 
Hong Kcxig. and no explan- 
ation has been offered for the 
slatiiing of the fiber-optics 

Thou^ not holding tbe re- 
cord of fee wtuid’s longest 

CLINTON: Rally Brings Plea for fblunteers G-7 : Leaders Focus on Dollar 

' ;oDtinuecl firom Page 1 

i^t knee. Mr. Cfiuton 
]an;ri his crotches against a 
^ and. standing unaided, 
iled a paint roller on an ex- 
handle to lather fee 
lall wifebogepainL 
;.'Wife Hillaty Clinton, a 
sngiinie advooite of pro- 
jams for poor chadreo, he. 
at down with a group of 5- 
rear-olds and read to feem. . 

The gafeering brought a 
^ show d presideiitrd 
jQwer, wife Afr. Qintoo, Aar. 
"iush and Mr. Carter attend- 
Ina the rally and former Pres- 
Gerald Ford and Nancy 
Reagan, fee wife of fonner 
President Ronald Reagan, to 

^Kii them Mond^ , 

^1t placed Mr. Oinion side 
side with Mr. Bu^ iho 
man he rwnovrf ^ 

White Howe m \99Z axA 
whose “Thousand .Po^ °! 
Light' ' volunteer initiative he 
rifeculed dtirii\g *a£ elecwp- 
The meeting also pw w. 
Gpre next to Mr. the 

I he ardently hopes 
I not nm to fee preadency 

Mr. tturfi, Mr. Carter and 
Mr. Powell fanned out to dif- 
toent parts of fee dty to lead 
cieaii-iip patrols, vrife the 
former ^^hawrnan of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff piddog up 
and fiquOT bottles in a 
dotjict lot near a bouse used 
^ adfects of “crack" co- 

As die rally. Mr. CBntoa 
said fee Defense and Trans- 
portation departmrats would 
each tutor 1 million childreo 
over fee next four years, 
while the government would 
adopt 2,(X)0 schools. 

Ife also proposed exenip- 
nons on interest, on student 
l 5 %ang for young people who 
coauniited » a year of vol- 
unteer work. 

Mr Clinton, m an iiue> 
for a Sunday television 
pregranu sdd the piopt^ ^ 
wodd Incroduee XfOQday ui 

s calls to yoin^ 
supported by feeir 

churches, to donate a year of 
full-time work in community 

The prog' m would cost 
only a million dollars, he 
said, and “will be worth hun- 
dreds of millions dollars in 
time;, volunteers, puhfic in- 
terest advance." 

Id contrast, the five-year 
“America Rrads" nogiam, 
aimed at ensuring feat tiurd- 
gradeis can read, would cost 
an estizntfed S2^5 billion. It 
would attempt to mobilize 1 
million volunteer tutoik, 
provide S3(X} minion to pro- 
grmns to help parents bdp 
their cUldreo and expand tbe 
Ifead Start early fohooling 
' initiative. . . 

Despite tte demoo^ation 
' of .support fiiMii across fee 
polhicd ^lectnim to die 
conference, some bristled at 
die . government’s encoui^ 
aging people to volunteer. 

SevWal dozen students 
protested at the stadium wife 
rigDs reading, “Don't Vol- 
unteer Me.*' . (Reurers, AP) 

Coatioued from Page 1 path of sustained growth 

low infl^on. Mr. Rubi 

makers are compluning feat 
the dollar's streo^ is mak- 
ing it difficult for tbem to 
expext feeir products. 

Juan’s tnule surplus wife 
fee Unired States had been 
aanowiog since 1 991 , diou^ 
feat pattern may now be over. 
The surplus rose 1 1 .2 percent 
in Mar^ to 379.83 NUion 
yen ($3.01 bfllion). 

Id a meeting with Mr. Ru- 
bin on Sunday, Aft. Mitsu- 
zuka reaffirmed Japan's com- 
miimeiit to fostering domestic 
demand-led grorv^ and to 
avoidisg a. simificant in- 
crease m Jmairs trade sur- 
plus, said hucbelle Smife, a 
spolreswoman for hfr- Rtzbin. 

Idr. Mitsuzuka said Japan 
would seek to promote eco- 
nomic recovery led fay do- 
mestic demand and to avc»d a 
leant" increase in its 

He added that he bad asked 
Mr. Rubin to ensure that the 
United States emtinue on a 


low infl^on. Mr. Rubin bi 
turn welcomed fee steps Ja- 
pan has taken to reform its 
banking system and 
stimigth e n its Snancial insti- 
tutitms, Ms. &nife said. 

Keeping exchange rates 
where they are is vital for 
Germany's chances of 
growfe feis year because its 
economy is still being driven 
by demand from overseas 
markets. A weak mark has 
brightened business confi- 
dence and has helped profit 
growth amoag the country's 
biggest companies. 

Mr. Detmeyer said the 
Goman central bank would 
use its interesi-raie policy to 
make sure the mark did not 
deteriorate further. 

import pric^ were 
pus^ higher by fee mark’s 
decline in tbe first two months 
of fee year, consumer infla- 
tion has been held down by 
the fragile state of tbe do- 
mestic economy in Germany. 
(Bridge News, AP. Bloomberg) 

suspension bridge, fee Tsing 
Ma bridw is the longest road- 
rail brid^. satisfying Hong 
Kong's obsessioD wife super- 

Hong Kong people love lo 
boast of having the world's 
longest outdoor escalator, the 
world's busiest container 
port, and of holding the re- 
cord to the greatesi number 
of Rolls-Royce cars per cap- 

For Hong Kong, the S920 
million bridge, built by a Jap- 
anese-Briiife joint venture 
and partly assembled in 
Quna, marks more fean just 
an engineering feat. Tbe com- 
pletion on scb^ule of a vital 
element in the airport project 
represents a practical victory 
over the political dispute that 
has dog^ (ihinese-British 
relations on Hong Kong. 

China denounced tbe proj- 
ect as extravagant and ac- 
cused fee British of trying to 
squaorter Hong Kong’s 

The bickering dragged on 
for more than five years be- 
fore agreement was finally 
reacbedin 1995. In the mean- 
time, the Hong Kong gov- 
enunem quiedy got on with 
the work. 

Lady Thatcher said there 
was no better tymbol than the 
bridge of “the boldness, the 
vision, and the energy of tbe 
pcOTle of Hong Kone. ' ' 

ahe urged those who ques- 
tioned whether Hong Kong 
would continue to prosper in 
fee fonire to “ccxne and see 
this bridge, cme of the fore- 
most rocKiuments of our time, 
and put yourconfidence in the 
peo^e who built it’’ 

(Reuters, AP) 

Italy’s Local Elections 
Test Support for Prodi 


ROME — Voters in Milan, 
the Italian financial capital, 
and more than 1,100 towns 
and Cities went to the polls 
Sunday for local elections 
billed as a test of support for 
the center-left govemment 

The elections for mayors 
and municipal councils, in- 
volving about 9.4 million 
voters — one fifth of tbe na- 
tional electorate — come a 
year after Prime Minister Ro- 
mano Prodi led his Olive Tree 
coalition to victory in a gen- 
eral election. 

The key mayoral battles, in 
Milan and the big nortbm 
cities of Turin and Trieste, are 
all expected to be decided to 
second-round run-offs May 
1 1 . Official results are not ex- 
pected before Monday. 

The government's pop- 
ularity hu suffered in recent 
months from reseatmem at 
tax increases aimed at cutting 
the budget deficit, a criterioo 
for Europe’s single currency. 

The Italian government has 
sought to divorce itself from 
the municipal polls, its per- 
formance clouded by a battle 
of wills between centrists in 
fee coalition and the leftist 
CoouDunisi Refoundation 

C ', which provides Mr. 
i with his majority. 
“There is no li^ between 
this vote and the govern- 
ment;" L'Unita. the newspa- 
perof the Democratic Party of 
the Left, said in an editorial. 

But most other editorial 
writers and fee main oppo- 
sition cemer-right Fnsed^ 
Alliance saw the vote as a 
barometer of public sentiment 
on the Prodi govemmenL 
In Milan, where a bomb 
went off at city hall Friday, fee 
contest for mayor is between 
fee industrialists Gabriele Al- 
beitini of the Freedom Alli- 
ance and Aldo Fumagalli of 
the Olive Tree coalition. The 
incumbent, Marco Formentini 
of fee separatist Northern 
League, is expected to lose. 


Cairo Seeks toProdPeace Talks 

CAIRO — President Hosni Mubarak has begun a drive 
to mobilize the Arab world and overcome the deadlock in 
^ddle East peace talks, for which the policies of the 
rightist Israeli govemment have been blamed, Egyptian 
officii said Suixlay. 

Prraident Hafez Assad of Syria is expected in Cairo 
within the next few days for discussious with Mr. 
Mubarak on fee peace process, fee Middle East News 
Agency said, amid reports in fee official press of a four- 
way summit meeting here. 

Egypt’s government newspaper Al Ahram said fee 
talks would include Mr. Muterak. Mr. Assad, King 
Hussein of Jordan and Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian 
leader. But a Palestinian official said there would be no 
such meeting during Mr. Assad's visit to Egypt, f AFPl 

Iraq Hails Airlift as Victory 

BAGHDAD — Iraq celebrated Sunday after safely 
flying home Muslim pilgrims, in defiance of U.S.-en- 
forced exclusion zones over fee north and south of the 
country, wifeout any retaliation from Washington. 

"Helicopters carrying sick and elderly pilgrims ar- 
rived Sunday morning,'^ tbe official press agency INA 
said Tbe Iraqis were flown in after the annual Muslim 
pilgrimage to Mecca io Saudi Arabia. 

Baght^. which io September said it would no longer 
recognize no-flight zones, set up in 1991 after the Gulf 
War. has hailed tbe flights as a victory. (AFP) 

For the Record 

The CUaton administratioD has been debating pro- 
posals to impose stringent economic sanctions against 
Mexico’s bluest drug traffickers. (NYT) 

In this Tuesday’s 

Spring in 


ressing for 
four seasons 


mira na *miik nw u mik ■waiRa.nai ttmr 



s Fo N s o R 1 -: D s I : C' r i o \ 



Akmg1h» ^ngapon' 9n. 
,'J ~BSver, i vui d an t a and viat- ^ 

tors ttdta a bnak at a 

r » ’ 

.t - i- hl0idoeh ea^ The 

ininud ifafn.has ooa of 
* fte hi0tast a ta to rtai stm»~ 

: : ■ Now dm govom m oat is 
! .''^Iqg^^poraaiis to devotop 
a oat matortol 
^ ; f People am taeouragad 
to deralep leisuaa 
b it oieat a , wftOs 
' m mtdnmg tSNdotatid 
:'<E etonoade^ 

■ ewqpoMhvL 



SWSVfS^^'* -1* 
*rrwf*u'»>r.-'^ * 


;a '^1 


^iPREvfe Minister ‘Singapore With a Soul/ 

^ '"^The countf^*s leader would like to see economic success wedded to an appieciation for cultuiv and human ivlationshifts. 

S ingapoc stands at a crossroads in its development. Ii Singapore's standard ot'living stays ontong the highest in times the country'N gros^ 
ad^ved its economic dreanis. and it is now con- Asia. domestic pixxfucL its impxir- 

cemed^th avoiding the pitfalls that some advanced tance in stimulating the 

country's economic de'el- 
opmeni is clear. 

S ingapoc stands at a crossroads in its development. It 
ad^ved its economic dreanis. and it is now con- 
cemed;^th avoiding the pitfalls that some advanced 
l^ations hav’estumbled into in the wake of economic devel- 
.7 -.^pment. ■ 

" A recent jpe^h by Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong 
; uHustrates tie dilemma. While telling community leaders 
j^ihat Singapffe should aim to become one of the world's 10 
‘.'richest couitries in rite next centi^ (it is cunently number 
I. Mr. Oh cauUoned that ciuzens should not become 
‘ obsessed \jth becoming wealthy: **I want a Singapore 
* with a sot!. Rich, but not materialistic, competitive but 
; 'i^mpassiQiate.'* 

; Psn ancparcel of this dilemma is k^ing Singapore 
.1 competitiv with other industrialized nations. Despite ris* 
iug costs,ihe government is htaUng an all-out etTort to 
; 'sustain a:ompetitive envirtmment ^ nurturing a welt- 
*<^ucated, productive woriiforce and maintaining u pro- 
•. business ditude and non-bureoucmtic gm’emment. At the 
; «time litie, the govenunent wants to ensure that 

Singapore's standard of living stays ontong the highest in 

IVopical race 

Government spokespersons are frank in explaining that 
Singapore's road to continued spectacular development 
may not be as smooth as in the past Still, they are opti- 

“We can become the first developed country in the trop- 
ics, if we do not let up." Mr. Goh said in a speech last year. 
“1 do not agree that the Asian miracle is over in 

Singapore.” says David Chin, deputy CEO of the Trade 
Development Board, ‘if we hod a slight dip last year, it 
was due to the global dip in the electronics market. 1 see it 

as cyclical. I think there will be another suige in exports 
from this region in the middle of this year.” 

There is no denying that Singapore trade took a beating 
Iasi year. Growth slumped to 5.1 ivrceni (361.5 billion 
Singaporean dollars, or S250.9 billion), compared with 
1.1.2 percent in 1995. With external trade business at three 

The dectronics element 

The slide is largely attrib- y-.* 

uted to slumping electronics ^ 
exports (which account for 
about 70 percent of 

Singapore's non-oil domestic exports i. which grew by 
only 4.3 percent last vear. compared with \b.?> percem in 

Government officials deny that Singapore has erred by 
conceniratins its economy so heavily m the electronics 
sector. .And Singapore can console itself wiiii the fact that 
regional rivals were similarly alTeeted. Some observers. 

Contf‘nu«d on page III 

On Becoming an 
'Intelligent Island’ 

Tht- public and priyaji' .scciors arc already "wired. ’’ 
A'»nf nioiv computer e.xpens arc needed. 

A s the next inillenniuni iipproachcs. m.» too does 
Sineapnre’'; Ne!f-impi»sed deadline 10 become un 
'■Inrellicem Island." To this end. an ambitious pro- 
gram called IT 2 <KX» aim^ !i> iianslonn the nation through 
exten-i'.e use of compuicrN and information technology. 

”\Vc u>e Hw meaMires of progress." says Stephen Y’eo. 
chief executive of the Nuiii.injl Computer Board (NCB>. 
■'First, the level of infornuiion technology infriLSiruciure; 
secv»!id the application |"l IT| by industry sectors; third, 
the general level ol' IT literacy among ilie people: fourth, 
the fevel of IT industry success: atid Iasi, the level of gov- 
emmeni ’.'ompuierizaiion." 

Mr. ^'eo thinks that Siiiyapiiire already has the best IT 
infrastructure in the region, if not the world. "This is not 
because we ;ire oxccpiionallv bright but because it's a 
small place that is easy to \v ire." he explains. To cany this 
intrasiructure to the next lc\ el. the government launched a 
suh-pp »gram called Singapore One last January . 

.As for applications. Mr. Yeo says assessment is best bro- 
ken dov .11 into ■‘ect'jrs - education and ptY»fessional 

"We have made big progress in the education sector in 
:he lust tv. o years." he explains, "not just on a school basis 
but on. for example, iniro- 
diieing techj)ol':'gy U' allo'w 
learning on demand, eonve- 
niem library '*er. ices and 
virtual training systems." 

The National Library 
Board will invest UK) mil- 
lion Singaporean dollars |.| 
tS69.4 tnillion I over the rt 
next seven in new 
technology and improve- _ 
merits to library iiifrasiroc- 

over the next (liree to five 
purchase new solhv:irc and 

train teachers. A child explores the Global 

“In three yeais. every 2000 technology exhibition. 
child that leaves i.nir school 

system will he IT literate.'' says Mr. Veo. “wliethei they 
leave I'roin primary, secondaiy'or leniarv level." 

In proressi(.i|-i:'.| sectors like manufacturing 
and healili cute, the NCB is bunking on “tlagship applica- 
tions" that they hope will raise the IT level of the whole 
indiisuy. "For example, in the construction indusi^ there 
is Co\c\>:\." Mr. 't’eo explains, "which we think vviK revo- 

Continued on page V 






• ••; . 1^^;; 

New Convention Center 
Will Be S.E. Asia’s Largest 

The advanced facilities will be available in less than two years ’ time. 

W ith work begin- available in Singapore, spiic tion I^ilities themselve! 
ning on a new but among Suntec City, the the Singapore Tourisr 
vei-to-be-named IMM buildine and the Deveioomem Boaid aim 

W ith work begin- 
ning on a new but 
exhibition center near 

Changi Airport, Singapore 
will soon have the biggest 
convention and conference 
capacity in Southeast Asia, 
surpassing oirh-rivai Hong 
Kong in the race for the 
biggest and best meetings. 

The exhibition industry 
attracted more than 

2(X).000 foreign delegates 
to Singapore in 1993 tmd is 
expected to contribute more 
thanSI billion Singaporean 

available in Singapore, split 
among Suntec City, the 
IMM building and the 
World Trade Center 
(WTC). The WTXT, howev 
er, is scheduled to be 
demolished in 1998, actual 
ly reducing the total area 
available by 10,000 square 
meters - until the new 
Changi facilities come into 

tion facilities themselves, 
the Singapore Tourism 
Development Board aims 
to ensure that convention 
visitors get value-added 
service during their visit 

1 - 

Banking Industry Must 

Prepare for Competition 

Sii^apore (DBS), say$ tbe banknigs^ 
tor must retain its currait conip^tive 
and expand vahie-added services. 

First phase 
Changi will eventually 
encompass 100,000 square 
meters of covered space 

The STPB recently kicked 
off a “superconvention 
program, which encourages 
hotels to equip themselves 
with network computers 
and Web sites to give dele- 
gates access to information 
about the convention they 
are attending. Also, hotels 

TtjeWdrid Trade Center be in leBun&neit 

year. A is now or» of the primary contention sfteSL 

town does a great deal for 
the hotel sector.’' says 
Arthur Kiong. director of 
sales and marketing for the 
Ritz-Carlton Millennia 
hotel. “Even though we do 
not cater to convention del- 
egates. when there is a con- 
vention in town, delegates 
fiU up other hotels, arxl we 
see as much as a 20 percent 
boost in our occupancy 
within a five-day time 

nection, which the city 
hopes will offset Singa- 
pore's other advantages in 
the future. 

Ratings agencie.s continue to rank 
Singapore banks as s<me of the least risky, 
best capitalized and most profitable in the 
region. What makes the Singi^Jore banks 
suck good institutions and die hanking sys- 
tems so strong? 

In a nutshell, die strength of Singapore’s 

» wes. countries. SimUariy, Asia^ corapaniM ihat|^ j 
arc haid-pressed by nsiogwages andod^T \ 

rank operating costs may find these f 

east riskx economies att^ve to «Slo^ meir p^p- ^ 
bte in the duedon facilities there. South Amca - cm < 

ore banks be used as a gateway to t e African comi- 
nkingsys- nent, whUe sortie Eastern European coun- A 
tries will join the Europe Union - mqk- » 
ngapore’s ing them ideal tow-cost liunching pads4o m 
1 standard penetrate the EU inaikeL 
It is estimated that Asi 

^Sb^m»onbaaodal some$I .5 

finmcial system is due to the high standard 
set hv the Monetary Authority of Singapore 


dollars ($694 million) to 
the economy by the year 
2000. According to the 
trade and industry minister. 
Yeo Cheow Tong, 
Singapore now attracts 19 
of 47 fairs endorsed by 
the Paris-based Union des 
Foires imemational exhibi 
tion agency. 

Currently, 68.500 .square 
meters (737.328 square 
feet) of exhibition spac« are 

and 20.000 square meters 
of open area. The $107 mil- 
lion first phase, which will 
accommodate 40,000 peo- 
ple at full nqiacity, is slated 
for completion in early 
1999. The second phase 
will be buili “when demand 
warrants IL** says Mr. Yeo. 
There are also plans to have 
a subway station at the cen- 
ter's docHStep by 2(X) I . 

In addition to the conven 

are being encouraged to 
offer convention guests 
Internet acoiunts to facili 
tate communication with 
their company headquar- 

Positive spin-offs from 
conventions can be fell 
throughout the island's 
tourism sector. 

'Tlaving conventions in 

Neck and neck 
Any discussion of Singa- 
pore's competition in the 
meeting and convention 
sector usually turns to 
Hong Kong. 

According to the Brus- 
sels-based Union des 
Associations Internation- 
ales. Singapore ranked 
sixth in the world for host 
ing meetings last year. 
Hong Kong was tenth. 

Singapore banks on a 
price advantage over Hong 
Kong fwith Singapore's 
rental rates 40 percent to 45 
percent lower than those in 
the British colony) as well 
as established cultural and 
business links vvith Indo- 
china. India and Australia. 

Until the new facilities at 
Changi are complete, Hong 
Kong has more rentable 
space available, a more 
exotic image and a more 
central location vis-a-vis 
Euro^ Japan and North 

Hong Kong also has its 
all-imponam China con 

A piece of the actioD 
For years to come, the con- 
vention sectors in Singa- 
pore and Hong Kong can be 
expected to play tte same 
cat and mouse game in their 
respective seaports that 
they have engaged in for 
more than a d&rade 
For instance. Sin^^iore 
can boast about hosting the 
World Trade Oiganization 
Ministerial Conference last 
December. Bui rival Hong 
Kong will host the World 
Bank and International 
Monetary Fund conference 
this September. 

They are not alone in 
their quest to attract big 
international shows. Major 
new exhibition centers are 
being developed in other 
Asian capitals, including 
Bangkok. Kuala Lumpur 
and Jakarta - all of which 
boast tremendous cost 
advantages over both 
Singapore and Hong Kong. 

set by the Monetary Authority of Singapore 
(MAS). The system has 
been tested, and its strength 
and resilience proven. 

Singapore has earned the 
reputation as a safe and sta- 
ble haven for investors and 
depositors to transact their 
financial activities with con- 
fidence. And as members of 
the system. Sing^iore banks 
are amongst the capital- 
ized and well supervised 
banks in the world, and have to meet strin 

f snt prudential requirements. For example, 
ingapore banks are required by law to 
have a minimum capital requirement of 12 
percent (first-tier ca^ntal) and to practice 
conservative provisioning. 

What are the major challenges that the 
financial sector has to fizee in the fisresee- 
able Jiaure? 

Singapore is a nodal point in the interna- 
tional financial system. To continue in tins 
position, Singapore must stay useful, rele- 
vant and comp^tive. Given the cemtinuing 
deregulation and liberalization of financial 
markets in the region and elsewhere, 
Singapore must work harder to stay ahead. 
This means, inter alia, tiiat not oiUy must 
Singapore strive to maintain its competi- 
tive edge in existing services, but it must 

n i amM egretsm. 


aad caapaUSw 


Better bosioess 
That doesn't seem to wo^ 
Singapore's hospitality 

“1 see the convention 
business as Singapore's 
future," says Mr. Kiong. 
“The new Changi exhibi- 
tion center can only mean 
better business for every- 

Julia Clerk 

also expand its high-value-add^ financial 
activities such as mnd management, R&D 

in financial engineering, trading of finan- 
cial derivatives, and broaden and deepen its 
coital markets. 

Does Asia view South America, South 
AJrica and Eastern J^rope as direct com- 

In the medium term, StHith America, 
South Africa and Eastern Europe represent 
trade and investment t^poitunities for Asia 
rather than threats. If these emergin 
economies continue thdr market 

programs, they can unleash their growth 

■s current afidi- 
eds now total 
ilium. Wiere^is 
going to corke 
diere any neiv. 
fitnding pro- 

ous funding 
s for Asia's 
can be fixi^ced by tiinee 
sources: gi rernxneat sur- 
pluses, domes :c savings and 
ca p ital markets. Most Asi< i governroeiits 
have practiced prudent fisca policies, with 
revenues exceeding lexpenditures. 
Consequently, most govetoments have 
accumulated healthy fbrign reserve. 
Indeed, of the top five cmntries in the 
world with the largest fonign reserve, 
three are in Asia. Further, Aaans in geni- 
al save more than the]^ consone, renting 
in a hig h average saviiigs rqe of over 35 
percent in tiie region - < 
average of below 25 percent 
economies. At issue is how * 
recycle these savings fix' 

Do you think Asians will 
invest in their own irfi'ostru 

Hitherto, Asian investors 
surplus funds in p roperties 
k^. However, cent^ banks 
and multilatei^ institutions 
Asian Development Bank arid the Woiiti 
Bank are worlong together tojevelop the 
r^cxi's bond markets. 

As fixed-ioebrne instrurnen 
larily as alt^ative in 
Asia, the region's debt 
off as a major futufing 
structural oonstruction. The 
has projected that the aggi 
Asia's bond markets can reach 

by the year 2(X)4 


pared to an 
the OECD 
ilize and 

- - 


e put their 
stock m^- 

will take 

for infra 

Id Bank 
size of 
.2 trillion 




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ENJO'i El) 

-d 1 \E\ER 

For mere information, eentact the Siftsopore Tourist Preme H en Board at Tourism Court, 1 Orchard Spring Lane, Singapore 247729 or visit our Memet site httpuy'*'*^-i*ewa»ia^gapore.eoi>i 





■ : i;; 

Investing in an Innovative Future 

The goveniwent has ambitious, far-reaching plans far ivsearch ami development. 


J. .* " * 

Creating ‘Singapore Wrm a Soul’ 

Condnueil from jage i 

however, have >vahied that Singapore 
r,may be pricing itself out of the elec- 
TTonics market: 

•j. In a recent interview 'with- BBC 
.World Television, D^uty PJiine 
Minister Lee Hsien Loong scoffed ^ 
It', the notion.- If only wages and land 
' cost are • considered,, be said, 
^Singapore is certainly not die ches^i- 
.^t ^temative. “But yoii have to look 
,at the whole package. The business 
'Environment, mfrastructure, lelecom- 
.munications, the firumcial sectOT diat 
•j§uppoits it.” 

Last year. Singapore's economic 
.growth slowed to 62i percent - down 
.(rom 8.8 percent in l^S and lO per- 
•{;;en( in bodi 1993 and 1994. Bnsiness 
l^ndits believe that 6 perc^-is 

This orBhfdiBseanhkbontaYsomb^ ndh besaty. 

achievable but that .7 percent rs.tBbre 
likely. Projected growth. in Are re^ 
lie’s ma.^r tradiiig partners, - the 
United 'Srates, Japan and . tbe 

die growth of trade in services and 
infocmatjOD technology. 

Indeed. Sing^re has fcMiiudable 
competition looming on the regions^ 
bcHizoa, especially in the area of 
information technology. A good 
example is Malaysia's ambitious''pl^ 
to. develop a l^by-60<ld]ometer (9- 
by-37-mile) “maltimedia super-corri- 
dor'* for IT .companies, with Bill 
Cates of Microsoft as a key consul- 
tant • 

“You can't run away from the fact 
that . {Malaysia's mult^edia super- 
cofiidor] will provide competition in 
some reflects, but on tiib whole I see 
it as a good thing,” says Stephen Yeo, 
chief executive of the National 
Computer Board. “We need critical 
mass' for ASEAN to become more 
attractive to investors, so if it takes 
otf, 1 see it as being 

Since the first 
offida] “nudge” in 
1992, Singapore 
authorities . have 
been promoting 
economic regional- 
ization as a necessi- 
ty owing to the rel- 
ative maturity, 
and uitiited size of 
the home market. 
TTie government 
set the pace 
with billions of dol- 
lars of invesmients 
in areas such as 
technology and 
infrastructure and 

■Jf • The 

s a . witl 

bu^itess parks, 

.tourism -ventures. 

; - The priv^ sector, however, is not 
always emulating the govenimem's 
European Union - is likely to b^fit exaiirole: In a recent surv'ey published 
Singapore's o^’nttil eiccaidmic'h^&, . by the ' Singapore branch of . the 

.Chartered lustimte of Marketing, only 

Seekii^ critical mass 
Despite an apparent rebt»iridthis.y^, 
ilie powers thru be de laiting steps.'tb 
ensure that Sings^ore maintains evefy 

fiMir in .10 local companies say they 
have plans to expand in the region in 
the next year, compared with seven 
global' multinationals and eight 

possible economic advantage, m the- Southeast Asian multinational con^- 


TTie TDB recently fonned the 
Committee on totemationa] Trade!. -a 
23-inemter private-sector board 
charged with examining ways and 
means of increasing Siagapme's trade 
t competitiveness. COIT has already 
^ outlined major trends that will influ- 
ence the future of Sin^pore's intpnia- 
lional trade, including increased 
regional competition, global trade and 
inve.srmem liWalization, as well as 

nies with qpeiwohs in Singapore. 

The findings will come as no surprise 
to' die government. In fact, the gov- 
emmem has shifted the oversight of 
small and medium-sized enterprises 
from the Economic Development 
Bpanf to the . recently fonned 
Pro^ctivi^. and Standards Board in 
an effort to promote a more regional 
outlook. • 

A government official e.xplained 
that one problem SMEs have is 
recruiting top-notch personnel. The 
best and brightest young workers tend 
to ^vitate toward well-known multi- 
nationals. As a result the gov'emmeni 
thinks a .special program is necessary 
to altinct lugh-quality workers to locd 

Tne government has also decided 
that innovation must play a bigger 
role in the country's future. In fact 
many officials are referring to this 
stage of national development as the 
‘innovation-driven” era. To this end, 
authorities have created the 
liuiovation Strategic Unit and the 
Innovation Devefopment Scheme. 
The. latter gives grants to companies 
with promising innovative ideas. 

The life of tbe mind 
Meanwhile, the government has 
called on Singapor^s to develop a 
keener sense of their artistic and cul- 
tural heritage (while not ignoring the 
need* for continued economic devel- 
opment, naturally). 

Prime Minister Coh has said on 
several occasions that Sinsaporeans 
need to 'iighteo up” while chasing the 
economic dream. 

‘‘We should bring back exotic 
SD^ charmers. We can do with more 
spontaneity and creativity and more 
interesting nighdife,” Mr. Goh said, 
addressing a graduating class at 
Nanyang Technological University 
last year. 

Adding that there should be more 
fun '. places for young people, the 
prime minister said. “Let us be more 
cultivated and refinedL with a keener 
sense of beau^ in human relation- 
ships, arts, music and our cultural her- 

Wdl-rounded society 
But culture may be a tougher sell than 
economic regionalization. In a recent 
survey by the Education Ministry, less 
than 2 percent of students polled said 
they were proud of Singt^re's cul- 
ture-and heritage. 

Yet Mr. Goh persists in his quest for 
a more well-rounded society. 

“At the end of the day, what is life 
about?” be said to students at tbe 
National University of Singapore. 
“It's- about . . . living in a soci^ 
where, there are other things - music, 
plays, dramas, operas, paintings, 
restaurants, theme parks - giving 
some ease to the e?tistence of 
life.” J. C 

. V f. • 




FK= 2«54-ifc BSaCM SIWTA- 

^jSertatton- sabre N09065^ ApSo/fialito> N09733, S^cs^ Oae/Ajoaiife9sSlMHNO;^i^^ WSBiL Or^ 

S ingapore cun safely be described 
as clean and green, efficient and 
enterprising - but perhaps not 
inno\ative. The government wanui to 
change that. In'facL the goal is to 
transform Singapore into innova- 
tion hub for tile whole Asia-Pacific 

“We are no longer competing with 
the developing economies, which are 
catching up Fast, hut also with the 
OECD countries,” says Lim Boon 
Heng, minister without portfolio and 
chairman of Singapore's Productivity 
and Standards Board. ‘'Singapore 
must aggressively resinicrure. 
upgrade and innovate. We have to 
improve our total factor producti\ iiy. 
and one of the ways to accomplish 
that is through innovation." 

Investment in research and devel- 
opment is increasing rapidly. In a 
recent poll of 470 organizations, the 
Science and Technology Board found 
that gross expenditure on R&D more 
than doubled between 1990 and 1995. 
from S572 million Singaporean dol- 
lars (S397 million) to $1.37 billion 
Singaporean dollars. Tlie private sec- 
tor kicked in more than 64 percent of 
the 1995 total, with $430 million 
Singaporean dollars spent on R&D in 
the electronics sector. 

A major push for R&D is coming 
from the government's Innovation 
Development Scheme, launched in 
November 1995. Using grants. IDS 
hopes to encourage and assist 
Singapore-registered companies to 
eng^e in and develop capabilities in 
the innovation of products, processes, 
applications and services. Since its 
inception, S250 million Singaporean 
dollars have been disbursed for 184 

Tbe campaign really heated up in 
January of this year when the 
Economic Development Board 
announced the establishment of an 
Innovation Smitegic Unit to help 
develop Singapore into a regional 
innovation hub. EDB identifred five 
key thrusts. 

“First, the EDB. alone with other 
government agencies. wiU be promot- 
ing innovation projects even more 
proactively." says Ho Meng Kiu 
wB’s managing director. "[Second,] 
we will identify critical capability 
gaps in our industry cluster and use 

the IDS as a tool to build up these 

■■[Third.] the ISU ttill encourage 
companies to establish permanent, 
internal innovation systems and prac- 
tices. [Fourth.] it will encourage the 
creation of innovation infrastructure. 
[.And finally.] it will work with other 
govemmeni agencies and the private 
sector to develop a national frame- 
work for innovation which will act as 
a road map for the innovation drive in 

The unit has also been charged w'ith 
marketing Singapore as a innovation 
huh. To this end. Mr. Ho says distin- 
guished speaker^ will be invited to 
dve talks and conduct seminars on 

.• 8 ? •• 

■ P\ 

advertising drive are homegrown 
computer giant Creative Technology 
(which created the standard for PC 
sound cards in the 1980s) and various 
multinationals whose Singapore 
branches designed and developed 
new products or processes. These 
include Hewlett-Packard. Makino, 
Motorola. Philips and Shell. 

In an effort to nunure innovative 
stan-up companies, an Sll million 
Innovation Center has been created at 
Singapore Science Pork n. It provides 
high-tech, frilly fitted fadh'ties for 38 
start-up technology companies. *ney 
can share administrative support and 
have full access to services offered by 
the National Science & Technology 

Profife of a ^ worker: fitperimen f afibn a at mporta^patofinnovabon. 

innovation. The first of these seminars 
it»ok place in March, when e.xecutives 
from iniemaiionul consultancy firm 
.Arthur D. Lirtie told the chief execu- 
tives of 5(]1 Singapore-based compa- 
nies how to implement a sustainable 
and successful innovation process. 

Meanwhile, advertising campaigns 
ha\e been launched in" the Unfied 
Slates and Europe to showcase 
Singapore companies and tiieir suc- 
cessful innovauons. Lauded in the 

Board, enabling them to concentrate 
on the task of ti^slaiing their innova- 
tion into profitable products and busi- 

Chong Siak Ching. CEO of the 
Singapore Science F^rk. points to a 
recent study in the United States 
revealing that SO percent of compa- 
nies in "incubator centers” were still 
in business afrer five years, compared 
with 20 percent of those that tried to 
make it on their own. J.C. 

“Built for Business: Singapore” 

»i7« phniuteti in hs (wnVi'rv by the Aiivenising Departmem of the 
huemaiional Hemid Tribune. 

Writer: Jiilui Cleric tmd Joseph R. Yogerst, both hosed in the United States 
kind Smuheast .Asia. 

PROGRA.M Director: BillMahder. 

Why over 4,000 multinational companies 
choose us as their gateway to success. 

As one of the biggest users of leading edge 
telecommunications technologies, Singapore 
Telecom offers an excellent telecommunications 
infrastructure and an extensive range of services 
tor MNCs. 

Our hubbing facilities enable MNCs to 
communicate privately on specially configured 
international digital leased lines. These range from 
'no frills' lines to end-to-end managed lines, 
such as FNA TeleConnect and Worldsource Private 
Line services. 

At our total facilities management centre. 
MNCs can house their computer systems and 
data communications equipment and even have 
them maintained by our highly-trained staff. And 
to cater to our customers' diverse requirements, 
our service portfolio includes Frame Relay, 
Virtual Private Network services and ISDN. 

Our leased circuit. lOD, telex and ISDN rates 
are among the lowest to be found anywhere. And 
as a reassuring guarantee. MNCs know they'll 

always get the vital backup and quality service 
we're known for. 

Through the advanced telecommunications 
we provide, we've not only helped Singapore 
become their gateway to the Asia Pacific, 
we've also helped make Singapore their gateway 
to success. 

Ptana sand me mofe mtomatan on_ 


Company: _ 


tsiaphane No*. 




ruigapore Tstecom 31 Exeter Road. Concentre, Siogapoie 239732. Tel: |65) 738 3838, Fax: (65) 734 8085. 

Earepe Hahon House. 2Q/23 Holboni, London ECIN 2JD. Uniied Kingdom. Tel: 44-i7i-83i 6888. Fax: 44-171- 831 2288. 

USA flood iWsL&die]m.Mbs(ponCr 06880. USA. Tel. I-Z()MH68Q(LF«:t-2CMM >K3. 
ibpn ShnOyema JT Mod BuHAng. 15th Floor 3-1, TtRenonion 4-(3 iei 8. Miraio-fai 1I&. Japan Tel: 81-30436 8771. Fax: 81-3-3436 8772. 

Ohs Und 1503, Beijing Silver Ioinbi 2 DonLeartuntei Road. Oeoya^ Distna Betjhg 100027. Cfrina. lei: 8B-1M4106193. Fax: 8B-1M410 Blffi 
HMBKeq Sute 4. SSthHoo: Central Plea. 18 Harbnx Road. WencM Hong Kong.Tel:8SZ-2S93 1182. Fax- 8S2-S93 1183. 



SP.O\S(;)Ki,l) SKt.TION . 

^^????SORED section^ 


The Right Business Contacts Are Critical 

F oreign investors often view 
Singapore's Economic 
Developmem BoanJ as their 
partner in Singapore. The organiza- 
tion smoothes the way for them by 
providing "one-stop shopping" 
investment advice. EDB has a 
number of "thrusts." or special 

• Manufacturing 2000 aims to 
maintain manufacturing's share of 
the industrial pie at 25 percent of 
gros.s domestic product so that 
Singapore con achieve annual eco- 
nomic growth of between 4 percent 
and 6 percent - the government's 
target for sustainable growth. 

Singapore attracted'* niore than 8 
bjlljon Singaporean dollars rS5.6 
billion) in new manufacturing last 
year - a 19 percent increase over 
1995 - with tile chemical and elec- 
tronic sectors accounting for 37 and 
43 percent of the total j«pectively. 

• International Business Hub 
2000 is the strategic campaign to 
position Singapore as the most 
important regional business head- 
quarters tRHQ). By the year 2000, 
the EDB aims to have at least 200 
"significam regional headquarters" 
situated in Singapore. Lost year 
alone, Uie list expanded by 10 per- 
cent, with RHQ suitus awarded to 
22 organizations worth 712 million 
Singaporean dollars. 

• Promising Local Enterprises 
are Singaporean companies that 
could potentially expand into Asian 
multinationals. The EDB's goal is 
to create 1 00 PLEs with at least 1 00 
million Singaporean dollars in 
turnover within the next decade. 

• Regionalization 2000 is 
iQcused on developing an external 
economy that is linked to and 
enhances Singapore's domestic 
economy. The immediate goal is to 
foster flagship projects in the Riau 
islands of Indonesia. Suzhou and 
Wu.\i in China. Bangalore in India, 
and Vietnam. 

• The Co-Investment Program 
supports these campaigns by pro- 
viding equity investments in pro- 
jects lhai meet the strategic imem 
of these programs. The EDB co- 
invests with multinational compa- 
nies and PLEs in risk-sharing ven- 
tures both in and beyond 

Investment arm 

EBD's investment arm currently 
manages a total of 1.3 billion 
Singaporean dollars through the 
Cluster Development Fund. Last 
year, a total of 228 million 
Singaporean dollars was commit- 
ted to seven projects, bringing the 
total to 15 projects valued at 483 
million Singaporean dollars. 

• The Innovation Development 
Scheme encourages companies to 
revolutionize piquets, processes, 
technology applications and ser- 
vices. As of Januaiy, 131 million 
Singaporean dollars in grants h^ 
been commined to 157 projects in 
149 companies. 

For more information on the 
EDB. contact the board's web site 

The Trade Development Board is 
Singapore's agency for internation- 
al trade. 'The TDB intends to help 

complies realize their business 
potential in four ureas." says David 
Chin, the board's deputy CEO. The 
"four dimensions'* of trade include; 

• Domestic exports of goods and 
services from Singapore. 

• Exports through Singapore, 
including re-exports and transship- 
ment of merchandise through 
Singapore. Offshore traders take 
advantage of the Approved 
International Traders Scheme to 
pay just 10 percent tax on profits. 

• Trade generated by consump- 
tion in Singapore. 

• Exports via Singapore's com- 
mercial presence overseas - loose- 
ly termed as ^'regionalization.*' The 
benefits of such business activities 
will eventually return to Singapore 
in the form of profit repatriation. 

“From the very stan, the TDB 
realized that we are promoting 
trade, which includes imports. The 
more imports that we bring in and 
can sell to someone else - as long 
as we make a margin - will 
increase our imematioi^ trading." 
says Mr. Chin. 

The Productivity and Standards 
Board was formed last year to 
spearhead the drive for productivi- 
ty growth through a merger of the 
National [Productivity Board and 
the Singapore institute of 
Standards and Industrial Research. 

“Our mission is to raise produc- 
tivity through six key thrusts," says 
Lee Suan Hiang, the board's CEO. 
"Manpower development, industry 
developmenL technology applica- 
tions, standards and qu^iy ^vel- 
opmeni, productivity, and promo- 

tion and incentives managemenL" 

To stimulate corporate growth, 
the PSB will single out 400 compa- 
nies witii excellent business prac- 
tices as Singapore Quality Class 
and help another 200. promising 
small and medium-sized enterpris- 
es to triple their combined sales to 
6 billion Singaporean dollars. 

In the realm of productivity, the 
PSB will select five productive 
industries from the internationally 
oriented sector and match them 
with similar industries in devel- 
oped countries. At the same time, it 
will choose five industries from the 
less productive sector and make 
them more efficient and produc- 
tive. The PSB wrill expedite market 
access by establishing Mutual 
Recognition Agreements with 
major trading partners and by 
aligning nation^ standards with 
intemaoona) standards. “By doing 
so. we will overcome the problems 
of standards becoming non-tariff 
barriers,'' says Mr. Lee. 

The board offers its services to 
both overseas and local enterfxises. 
Its most visible offehoot is S^IR. a 
wholly owned subsidiary responsi- 
ble for forming ventures outside 
Singapore in partoer^p with local 
investors. To date, the PSB's 
investment activities have included 
automation, chemicals, electronics, 
environmental management, food 
processing, infonnation technolo- 
gy, quality consultancy and strate- 
gic design. 

For more information, see the 
PSB's Web site at www.psb.govtsg 


There’s a Power Growing 

in the Region. 


\ I 

.*.*%• ... 

' '■'Ji 


Asia. Powering the world's growth. 

Singapore. A thriving metropolis, ranked as the 
worldls most competitive nation and the Number One 
global business city. 

Singapore Power. Providing one of the best power 
supply infrastructures in the world. 

As part of our regionalisation programme, we look 
forward to sharing our expertise in the region's 

infrastructure development 

Joint projects in China, Indonesia, Philippines and 
Pakistan are just some of the examples of our active 
involvement in the region. We are looking for more 
opportunities. And why not. After all; it is about 
powering the region. 



’’\FSS Cir 

Uembers of the fleet Sne in formation. Attme 

means an IhdoiNtNile one. 

presents a chdlenge - but brao 

Airline: More Automation i 

Internet ticketing, selficheck-in and ticketless travel are the future. . 

W ith atmiiaT profits of fibout 1 bil- nance in Xiarpen. Chuia. Passenger rev- 
lion Singaporean ^Uars ($6W enue gener^ion is being augmented 
million), an impeccable reputa- through in-flight gambling and video sho|>- 
tion and countie^ Intermaioi^ accolades, pii^. \ 

W ith annual profits of about 1 bil- 
lion Singaporean dollars ($694 
million), an impeccable reputa- 
tion and countless Intermaioi^ accolades, 
Singapore International Airlines (SIA) is a 
true aviation success story. But with greater 
aviation deregulation, the stroi^ Singapore 
dollar that is depressing foreign earmngs 
ai^ the rising costs of doing business in 
Singapore, the airiine is not about to rest on 
its laurels. 

SIA intends to meet these challenges in a 
nimber of ways. Within its cunent opera- 
tions. increased productiW^ and automa- 
tion are the buzzwords du jour. The avail- 
ability of ticketless travel a^ self-check-in 
on selected routes, for example, plus 
Internet ticketing, slated for this summer, 
means that counter and ticketing staff can 
be r^uced. 

The transfer of some data [xt^ssing 
functions to Chester overseas locations bas 
ali^y begun, with software developmrat 
new stationed in Madras, revenue account- 
ing in Beijing and some airdaft mainte- 

Fledgtmg projects 

Fledgling overseas projects through a sub- 
sidiary called Singapore Airport Terminal 
Services (SATS) include nine kitchen aijd 
airport haraUing operations and three engi- 
neering operations in different parts {>f 

Joint venture projects are e.\pecied (o 
increase substantially, with SIA manage- 
ment targeting 30 percent of group profi^^ 
ftom related businesses within 15 years. 
For now, officials say they are not inten<^- 
ing to diversify beyond the confines ©f 
their core business. ! 

SIA is making no secret of its wishes lo 
buy into or start up a domestic ^line else- 
where in the region as a major step in meet- 
ing this target With its strong financial 
capabilities, no one is questioning its obiH- 
^ to fulfill this aspiration. J.C. 

Airport’s Third Terminal 
Anticipates Demand 

The airport considers it imperative to have new facilities in place. ■ 
f I ihe muld-award-wio- . Some critics have been dence on buses ins 

T he mulh-award-wto- 
ning CThangi Inter- 
national Airport, is 
determined to keep its 
superior status by develop- 
ing a third terminal - even 
though the two existing ter- 
mini have not yet reached 

Detailed design work 
will start tiiis year on the 
1.5 billion Singaporean 
dollar ($1 billion) edifice, 
wiiih construction begin- 
ning in 1999 -and comple- 
tion scheduled for 2Ci03. 

Communications Minister 
Mah Bow Tan says the 
' third terminal will complete 
Singapore's "total airport 
city” by oflering state-of- 
the-iBTt facilities and sys- 

Tile structure will feature 
25 Airbridge stands, four to 
eight of them able to 
accommodate the new 600- 
seat super-jumbo jets. 

A prople-mover system 
with 16 cars will lii^ the 
three terminals. and 
Sih^pore's subway system 
will be expanc^ to include 
an airport station by 2001. 
Also in the w<x‘ks is a sec- 
ond airport hotel to comple- 
ment the existing 106 room 

. Some critics have been 
vocal' in their concern that 
the development of <2hangi 
will £ir outstrip demuiod, 
' resulting in a chronic over- 
su^ly. The mrport's cur- 
rent capacity is 44 million 
passengers annually, but it 
handled 25 million passeo- 
gi^ last year. The new ter- 
minal will raise total capac- 
ity to 64 million. 

The forecast 

Regiorial air traffic surv^s 
forecast that ^ Changi’s 
arrivals will hit 41 million 
by 2006 - jiist short of the 
o^sacity of the first two ter- 

minals- - 

. But Mr. Mah scoffs at 
any notions that a third ter- 
minal isn't needed. "We 
have nvo choices,’’ he says, 
"wait Ibr the traffic to build 
up and existing capacity to 
be more or less used up 
before we expand, or 
expand, now to match the 
expected demaad.” 

Best service 

The decision really , rested 
on Sing^3ore*s quest to 
supply the best possible air- 
poit service, Mr. Mah adds. 
“A terminal operating at 
full capacity means less 
spr^e ' for users, longer 
waiting times, more d^n- 

dence on buses instead of 
imbridges. In <^er Words, 
poorer service." 

Airport authorities, also 
' pdnt to the fact that Changi 
will face stiff comp^tion 
in coming years in its quest j 
to become the premier 
Asian airport hub. ■ • . I 

The competition ihcludesJf i 
the 9 billion Mt^ysian ! 

ringgit ($3.6 biUitmXi^uala | 

Lumpur International j 

Aiiporu scheduled fer com- j 

plehon in I99S, and^Hong 
Kong's $20 billion I Oiek ' 

Lap Kok aiipoit. ; 

Ibp rankings 
Last year. Changr was 
ranked the top aiiporthy no 
fewer than seven interna- 
tional travel publications, 
and it won Bunness 
Traveller magasne's 
“World's Best Aiipori” 
award for the ninth consec- 
utive year. 

.Changi was recently 
named the world's best air- 
port for long-haul passen-^ ;• 
gers by the International • ■ 
Transport Association, 
beating Britain’s Ntoi- 
chester Airport, which won 
top spot last year. Fiffy-four 

airports were inpl nrti»rf nnri 

55.000 people polled in the 


Tlic bic. 

corporate n;. 

the bright CM 

are irmn\ 

in Singcj' 

.1 . nil! * ^ 1 • ' . 

The A Wnml Court, 

A JelifjtJul rewrl in the hart of the city. 

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Singapore Power Ltd, 111 Someisei Road, JUId-Ol, Sin^qiore 238164. lU: (65) 733 1668 Fax: (65) 831 8188. hitp://www5power.comjig 




Business Comes First: 
A Survey of Surveys 

Port’s Focus Is on Efhciency and Producttvity 

Singapore forges alliances, making competition a fmorable challenge. 

An infornia] survey con- 
ducted .at the end of an 
imernEdional conference 
on “The Future of Asia's 
Cities" - jointly hosted 
the New York-based 
Asia Society and the 
Indonesian Center for 
Information and 

Development Studies - 
picked Singapore as 
Asia's ‘most livable” 
city. The criteria were 
clean air, geographical 
accessibility, a ^e envi- 
ronment and affordable 
housing. The voters 
includ^ 3^ policy- 
makers, architects, busi- 
nesspeople, communis 
expens and scholars from 
20 countries brought 
together to address the 
effects of rapid urban 
deveiopmeor on the pt^t- 
ical, economic and qul- 
tuial Hie of Asian city 

Singapore was also 
rated %e least bureaucrat- 
ic place for dc^g big- 
ness in Asia in a survey of 
12 nations by the Hong 
Kong-based ^litical and 
Economic Risk Consult- 
ancy (TEHC). The island- 
state scored an average 
2.64 points on a scale of 
zero to 10, with zero 
being the best grade. 
Hoog Koo^ last year's 
winner, was runner-up 
this time. Malaysia was 
third and the Hulippines 

HQ choice 

Singapore was rated as a 
better place to set up a 
regions headquarters 
than Hong Kong or 
Tokyo in a recent poll 
conducted by the Far East 
Economic Review 

Forty-two percent of 

An totBcPOvB etio^ a 


6,000 executives in 11 
Asian countries who par- 
ticipated in the survey 
voiM for Sin^pwe. Sev- 
enteen percent favored 
Hong Kon& and 4 per- 
cenf pjckBcTTol^. 

ErQER speculates that 
SingapOTe's lower prop- 
erty labor costs, tax 
incentives to foreign 
companies, growth of 
financial service indus- 
tries and higb^ quality of 
life are tempting, many 
multinationals to relocafe 
to the island. 

Swiss kudos 
Singapore has been 
ranl^ the world's sec- 
ond-most competitive 
economy for ^ fourth 
consecutive year by the 
Swiss-based Internatio- 
nal Institute for Manage- 
ment Development 

Hie United States 
retained its top spot in the 
1997 worid ccnnpetitive 
renkiDg, rated on domes- 
tic economy, internation- 
alization, govemment, 
finance, infrastructure, 
management, science and 
technology, and people. 

IMD, one of the 

world's leading business 
schools, ranked 46 

economies using 244 cri- 
toia. Rounding out the 
top 10 economies were 
H<»g Kong, Finland, the 
Netherlan^ Norway, 
Denmark, Switzerland, 
Canada and New 


The perks of success 
In PERC's annual 
January poll, executives 
in seven U.S. cities were 
asked to rare II Asian 
countries on the basis of 
overall ^se or difficiiity 
in dt^g business.. 

This year, Singapore 
dropped to second place 
from its top position last 
year, with Hong Kong 
regaining its previously 
held number-one posi- 

Hong Kong was stud to 
have slipped last year 
owing to ^simism over 
its timisition to China this 
year, an issue that seems 
K> be less wmrisome now. 
In this survey, Sing^iore 
was criticized for overiy 
stringent regulations, 
high costs and a l^bor 


L ast month, for the 
lOth consecutive 
year, Singapore was 
voted the Best Seaport 
(Asia), and the Port of 
Singapcxe Authority (PSA) 
was voted the region's Best 
Container Terrrunal Operat- 
ed’ for the eighth time in the 
Hong Kong-based Asian 
Freight Incuisoy Awards. 
“We are the most cost- 
effective and one of the 
cheap^t transshipment 
hubs in the world, taking 
into account quick turn- 
arounds and the volume of 
containers handled,'* says 
Khoo Teng Give, PS.A's 
chief executive officer. 
“Shipping lines continue to 
use reA because we are 
cost-effective. As a trans- 
shipment hub, we create 
value for our customers by 
managing the complexity 
of shipping connections, 
giving our customers a 
competiure edge.” 

Hong Kong was ag^ 
tile wood's busiest contain- 
er port last year, handling 
13.2 million TEUs (20-foot 

equivalent units). Singa- 
pore was second with 12.94 
million, Kaohsiung (Tai- 
wan) third with 5.06 mil- 
lion and Rotterdam 
(Holland) fourth with S 
nullion. Port-related activi- 
ties generate an estimated 2 
percent of Singapore's 
gross domestic producL 


Finishing second in volume 
does not faze Mr. Khoo. 
who points out that 
Singapore's 9.3 percent 
growth was the world's 
highest He claims tiiat pro- 
ductivity measures also 
showed improvement Last 
year, value added iser- 
vice^products) per em- 
ployee jumped 9.7 percent 
and value added per 
employee dollar grew 1.8 

Much of tills efficient 
stems from PSA's use of IT 
and automation. The 
Ptirtnet sy^m is used to 
service shipping lines and 
does away with the need for 
billing paperworic. Fast- 

Connect is an information 
system that accelerates 
loading and unloading pro- 
cedures. The Trade 
Development Board's 
TradeNetPlus is an auto- 
mated documentation 
process for the entire inter- 
national trading cycle. 

Further automation is in 
the works this year. One 
example is TDB's EDI- 
TRANS. which will pro- 
vide an electronic commu- 
nication link among ship- 
pers, consignees, freight 
rorwarders and transporters 
based in Singapore and 


Meanwhile. PSA tripled its 
u^rading expenditure last 
year, pumping about 1.12 
billion Singaporean dollars 
($777 million) into contin- 
ued development of a new' 
container terminal at Pasir 
Panjang (PPT). The first 
four berths will begin oper- 
ations in 1998. 

“Eveiy facet of port oper- 
ations ill PPT will be man- 


aged with intelligent sys- 
tems,” says Mr. Khoo. 
These include new-genera- 
non quay cranes that can 
handle the largest ships in 
the world 1 18-container 
width I and a remote-control 
bridge crane that can 
increase berth capacity by 
up to one-thinL 
Productivity and efficien- 
cy are seen to be crucial for 
Singapore's attempts to 
fend off competition from 
ports in Southeast .Asia that 

offer cheaper ser\’ices. 

Like the old advertising 
'slogan, Singapore also 
belfeves that if you can't 
beat the competition, you 
should join them. 

“PSA is looking beyond 
the horizons of Singapore 
to overseas investihenL" 
Mr. Khoo explains. *Tn 
doing so, w'e will be able to 
help other ports grow- and 
form stronger port link- 


The Steps to Becoming an ‘Intelligent Islaisid’ 

Continued from page I 

lutionize the way architects, engi- 
neers and developers do their plan- 
niog, submissions, checking and 

Singtqxne ranks number two in 
the tiw most recent World Com- 
petitiveness Report in IT literacy 
and already has a high computer 
use rate, including 36 percent home 
penetration last year (compared 
with 10 percent in 1988). 
According to a recent survey con- 
ducted by the NCB and the 
National University of Singapore. 
24 percent of home PC owners 
have Internet access. 

The government has set a tai^i 
of 50 percent home PC penetranon 
by I9W - a figure the NCB is con- 
fident of achieving largely because 

of the impending availability of 
various new information super- 
highway choices, including Web 
TV and wireless devices. 

Growth in Singapore's IT indus- 
try has compounded at about 26 
percent over the past 10 years. “In 
dollar terms, I think it is quite 
healtiiy,” says Mr. Yeo. But the 
indusoy does have some problems. 

“We are encountering problems 
both in terms of supply and their 
ability to adapt to new technology,” 
he explains. “We need to embark 
on higher value-added IT work. 

“For the lower level work, we are 
looking at opening overseas devel- 
opment centers in China or India, 
we will continue to keep our 
doors open to foreign talent. Also, 
more ili^ one-third of our IT pro- 
fessionals have more than 10 years 

experience. On the surface, this 
ai^iears like a strength. But without 
continuous training, it means that 
one-third are obsol^.'* 

Recniiting labor 
C^nrently, NUS produces 2,000 to 
2,5()0 computer science graduates 
annually, which fulfills about 7S-80 
percent of local demand, not count- 
ing leakage to other industries. To 
suj^lement the shortfall, Singapore 
has been importing talent fiom 
India and other Asian neighbors. "I 
would put manpower development 
as one of the most critical factors 
for our next phase of develop- 
ment,” says Mr. Yeo. “What's iron- 
ic about our business is that we 
make other people's industry less 

Mr. Yeo anticipates a continuing 

need to recruit labor in the foresee- 
able future. But aside from (he 
labor shortage. “Singapore's public 
sector is probably more ‘wired’ 
than just about any other govern- 
ment on the planet. We are very 
comfortable with the use of IT in 
government," he says. “In fact, in 
many respects, the government is 
providing a leading role in their 
respective industry sector." 

Last year, the govemment 
launched PS21 (Public Service 21 ), 
a strategic plan that will show civil 
servants how to better serve indus- 
try in the next century. IT features 
in much of the strar^. including 
pervasive Internet activities. 

For more infonnation. visit the 
National Computer Board Web site 


The biggest 

corporate names and 
the brightest people 
are innovating 
in Singapore. 

' r ' . ^ '* 


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- * 

E -utern 





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V- ^ Vi ' V ^ J0* ' * — 

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If you think 





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Telecoms Market Small 

Bidding will soon begin for telephone sen^ices. message devices, data services and more. 

W ith a population of just 3 million. Singapore 
offers one of the smallest telecommunications 
markets in Asia. But with telecoms liberalization 
looming on the horizoa, local and foreign companies are 
tripping oyer one another to get a piece of the action. 

“There is plenty of room for growth in Singapore,** say.s 
fiore. CEO of MobileOne. 

Neil Monte 

Mr. MonteHore has reason to sound bullish: MobileOne 
is the only company besides Singapore *relecom with 
licenses for both paging and cellular services. The latter 
license, a 20-year concession, was granted on April 1. 
making MobileOne the country's second mobile phone 
provider. It will initially offer GSM (Global System for 
Mobile Telephony), and at the end of the year it will roll 
out CDMA (Code Division Multi Access).* 

MobileOne's philo^hy is in keeping with the goals of 
the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore'iTAS), 
which wants to see sustainable competition rather than 
predatory' pricing. But some analysts point out that u price 
war has already begun, with cellular phone subscription 
rates falling as much as 45 percent this year. The competi- 
tion is expected to get even more heated with the govern- 
ment's recent announcement that it will award up to two 
additional mobile phone licenses by April 2000. 

Pagi^ competitors 

MobileOne and Singapore Telecom also compete in the 
paging sector with Sunpage, Hutchison Paging and 
Teledata. Singapore's pager penetration (30 percent! is 
currently the world's hi^st, but some experts put the 
potential penetration at 50 percent of the total i^pulation. 
Mr. Monteriore admits that Singapore Telecom is a worthy 
opponent. 'They benchmark well in the world, even 
though they have been a monopoly. And they are well 
liked by the Singapore people." Singapore Telecom is also 
gearing up forcompedtion, pouring millions of dollars into 
the expansion and improvement of its cellular networks 
and reducing prices. 

With declining margins in the cellular and paging sec- 
tors. many industry experts belie\'e that Mobile^e's 360 
million Singaporean dollar (S250 million) foray into the 
Singapore market is mainly a move to ensure future licens- 
es for fixed-line services. “MobileOne is not positioning 
itself for thaL" says Mr. Montedore. He does admiL how- 
ever. that all three shareholders - Cable & Wireless, 
Keppel and SPH - are interested in gaining fixed-line 
access. And he does not rule out ^e possibility of 
MobileOne's involvement in the fixed-line segment 

Indeed. Keppel and SPH are among the companies 
expected to submit bids on recently opened tenders for 
licenses to supply basic telecom services - such as domes- 
tic and international telephone services, message devices 
and data services - using public switches. 

Other local companies expected to tender (with foreign 
partners) are Sembawang Corp., Singapore MRT and 
Wing Tai. as well as Sing^re Power and Singapore 
Technologies, which have forged a joint venture with 
British Telecom and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone of 

West (overseas shareholders are allowed to hold up to 49 
percent in a bidding consortium). 

Once lenders are^in, the TAS will conduct a prequalifi- 
caiion exercise to minimize wastage of resources. Among 
prequalification criteria are the company's vision for 
Singapore's telecommunications indust^. its organization- 
al strength and proposed competitive strategies. 

Singapore Power thinlcs that it holds the inside track on 
some aspects of the evaluation criteria. The company 
already has extensive network capability through power 
grids, which can facilitate data and voice transmission. In 
addition, the national power company has 7.000 substa- 
tions across the island that can house switches and telecom 
equipment, plus a customer database and an efficient 
billing system already in place. “Our grid netwoii:.'* says 
BG Boey Tak Hap. president and CEO of Singapore 
Power, “places us in a strong position to be the second 
nationwide, full-service telephone provider as the 
timetable toward telecoms liberalization accelerates.” 

Singapore Power’s confidence could be premature, says 
BG Hsien Yang, president and CE(D of Singapore 
Telecom. “There is an immense amount of positioning and 
public drum-beadng going on,” he says. ‘TTiey have yet to 
win [a license], and until they do. I do not know if they will 
be my competitor.” J.C. 

Asia Telecom '97 at the World Trade Center 

This summer, Singapore will 
play host to what promises to 
be the biggest telecommuni- 
cations event ever held in the 
region, with some 32,000 
square feet of exhibition 
space and 400 companies 
from more than 30 countries. 

regional events are held in 
fbupyear cycles to ensure 
adequate global coverage 
throughout Its member coun- 
tries. The event in Singapore 

Special session 
Asia Telecom *97 - to take 
place June 9-14 at 
Singapore’s World Trade 
Center - is the 18th event 
oi^anized by the Inter- 
national Telecommunication 
Union (ITU), the Geneva- 
based United Nations agency 
for telecommunications. With 
184 national and more than 
350 industry members, the 
ITU Is the world's largest and 
most influential telecoms 

The ITU’s worldwide and 

tnes. me evem in oingoMwie iMdArs 

vrill be a special session of pl^rm and 

the World Te^m Exhibition to share ideas on 

and Forum. 

One reason the ITU is host- 
ing the event in Singapore Is 

that the AsiaRacific region 
now coristitutes the world's 
largest market for telecom- 
munications products, with 
r^onal telecom investment 
expected to exceed $300 bil- 
lion In the next five years. 

Platform for leaders 

Asia Telecom '97 reflects 
this trend - Asia Telecom '93 
was more than three times 
bigger than Asia Telecom '89 
and six times larger than 
Asia Telecom '85. 

Theme Parks Shift Their Marketing Fcxtjs 

This year's everrt will 
ture a vast arr^ of 
and services. The 
forum will focus on the latest 
developments and provire a 

appropriate strategies for 
both the developing and the 
industrialized worlds. 

Outstanding venue 

This will be the fourth time 
Singapore has been chosen 
to host the event Th e org a- 
nizers say that despite atirao- 
live offers from several other 
countries In the regior^ 
Singapore was selected 
again because of its out- 
standing infrastructure, 
accomnwations and trans- 
port as well as Its 
conference and exhibition 
facilities. J-C- 

Singapore residents visit the parks in droves. Now the government would like to lure more tourists. 


Ihe good news d^ui Singapore's 
theme porks is that they are drawing 
big crowds and raking in record prof- 
its. The bad news is that the island's pur- 
pose-made amusement attractions are lur- 
ing a much different crowd than originally 
envisioned - locals rather than foreign 

According to a recent report by 
Singapore's Department of Statistics 
(DOS), theme parks and similar amuse- 
ment outlets earned 97 million 
Singaporean dollars (S67.3 million) 
19W, a ten-fold increase over 1984. 

now the fastest-growing 
island's service industry. 

sector of the 


Japan. Other foreign companies that nm participate in the 
tender include BellSouth, Deutsche Telekom and U.S. 


The vast m^ority of visitors flocking to 
attractions like Sentosa Island. Fantasy 
Island. Haw Par Villa and Tang Dynasty 
\^]]age are local residents, a reuection of 
that fact that Singapore has become a much 
more affluent - and leisure-oriented - soci- 
ety over the past decade. 

ALTording to the DOS. rapid growth in 
the theme paiic industry since the mid- 
1980s is part of a gener^ trend of expan- 
sion in recreational and cultural services. 

The appeal of nature 
Yet many of Singapore's theme parks have 
failed to attract a substantial foreign fol- 
lowing, despite millions of dollars in new 
attractions and marketing campaigns 
aimed at tourists. 

Sentosa Island is a prime example. TTiis 
former British military base and Japanese 
POW camp was converted into a theme 
park in the 1970s. Over the past decade, it 
has added a number of features to attract 
more people, including a wax museum, 
orchid gai^n, simulated live volcano, car- 
nival-type thrill rides, Asian arts and craft 
market, Mississippi riverboat restaurant 
and two beach resort hotels. Locals, how- 
ever, still comprise the majority of visitors. 

“Success has been largely elusive except 
at the parks associated with nature," says 
Yeo Khee Leng. assistant chief executive at 
the Singapore Tourism Promotion Board. 
“For example, the zoo and the Night 

The Singapore Zoo. the biggest in 

Soutiieast Asia, has been highly popular 
with overseas visitors for many years. 'The 
Night SafWi. a zoo annex that spedalizes 
in nocturnal beasts, was an ovemi^t suc- 
cess when it opened four years ago. 
Anotiier dieme that attracts a substan- 
tial foreign clientele is the Singapcxe Bird 
Park, another nature-based attracQon. . 

‘Many of the ocher parks are now con- 
ducting mtsmal reviews for repositioning,” 
says Yeo. Among their options , are 

An overbad dagoa greets }n^t^ 

designi^-new overseas matkehog strate- 
gies. offering new attractions diat have 

more international appeal or sin^ily admit- 
ting that local patrons will always be the 
core business. 

Climate shock 

A key problem, says Mr. Yeo. could be the 
fact tbu many foreign visitors are hot used 
to Sing^xne’s hot and humid tropical cli- 
nic. few local theme porks offer a 
broad slate of after-dark endeavors, 

“One thing we have learned is to pay 
more attention to nighttime activities,” tie 
says. “Singapore is quite warm during the 
daytime but very coinfoitable at nigbL” 

Some parks are trying txiore d^tic ' 
action. Fantasy Island, a water slide and 
swimming pcx>l park on Senfom Island, 
recently announced its third change of 
managem ent in die three yeais since its 
inauguration. According to the Straits 
Times newspaper, Fantasy Island attracted 
nearly half a million people in 1996' (95 
percent ftom Singapore). But that still was- 
n't enough to turn a {xrrfit at die 54 ntillion 
Singrqiorean dollar paric. 

Management expects to slip into die 
black year with aggressive marireting 
to attract more local patrons, more ftx^ 
and bev’erage oudec, better access fircnn the 
Sentcxsa fmty pier and possibly discomils 
for repeat customers. r 

Josq»h I^Yc^er;^ 


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MONDAy, APRIL 2S, 1997 

PAGE 11 


. • r: 

•'•_ 4 


• ';t- 


Stirs Debate 
, On the Euro 

Ministers to Monitor 
New Central Bank? 


BRUSSELS ' Fniannf - 

FfaUippe Maystadt of Bdgiam reignited 

tbe debate over Europe’s futore ceoiral 
bank, saying fihance nunisters would 
band tc»edier to form a ^'coumer- 

Mr. Maysimk said Saturday *'h«» tbe 
planof^ c(Mmd] of financ e ministers in 
countries ndng (be Enrc^iean singia cor- 
reocy after 1 would provide the eco- 
nomic poli^ cooF&mttion dial is be- 
yond the power of tibe central hmt 
'“Hie stability coon^ is a place 
vdiere, as a counterweight to ibe Euro- 
pean central bank, we wiD be able to 
disci^ closer comdinatioQ of our eco- 
nomic and sodal policd^” Mr. May- 
i;stadt told tbe daily Le S^. 

'* The controversy over tbe Freodi-m- 
‘spired sednli^ coonctl had quieted 
'down since the start of die year, when 
{^Sdids were belief to be 
^seeking political checks on die central 

Jtanlc's mandate, to fi ght inflwtifini 

I* The debate over wm^cocmtries can 
^jpbi tbe single curreoqr from the outset 
^cmtinued <xi Sundw, tritfa Italy's 
l^^easury mhuster d^fewHiig one-time 
.economic measures as a valid wi^ of 
* lowering deficits to me^ the criteria set 
out in the Maastricht tiea^. 

1 Cario Aze^ Cianqii said that ex- 
.:CrBordinaiy measures, mcb as Italy's 
^*Eurotax" in die 1 997 budget bin, were 
. 'die “pontoon tridges" that wotdd al- 
‘Ibw tbe nation to construct an “inxi 
*T»idge" to Bjrope next year. 

Countries qualUying for Birope's 
^single cunoicy at its outset must fimah 
•Jhis year with a deficit of 3 percent or 
kss of gross domedic piro^icL 
Italy needs a defidt-cnttibg budget of 
at least 2S Billion lire (S14 J4tn31ira) in 
J 998 to secure a place in die first round 
'Pf monetary unioa. an adviser to Prime 
^Minister Romano Ptodi was qiKXed on 
-Sunday as saying. Pmlo Ooofit, 
was chaiiman of a study group set up by 
'Mr. on refonns, told d:n daily la 
Repubblica be believed diat around 15 
'trillion lire of die total should came 
from spoEiding cuts. 

Germany's finance minister. Theo 
Waige], memwhile, said Sunday dial 
fais government would take any action 
required to slash its budget defidt to 
quwfy for tbe euro. 

Re^xxKfing to a forecast frmn die 
Intemaiional Monetary Fund dnt Ger- 
many's defidt would be 33 percent of 
gross domestic piodnct tins year, Mr. 
Waigel said the govemmeot was stidc- 
ing to its foiecasc of 2.9 percent of 

Tbe Internatkaial Mooetanr Fund 
wruned over die wedtend diat rabne to 
begin the sin^ currency on time would 
be dangeitMis to die project as a whole. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP) 

Inini 1r'ii T1i~ * ilhiinlin r~il 

Mr. WoIL rigb^ spealdag to Dawn Sears, a customer service agent, at tbe Marriott Hotel near Baltimore. 

For US Airways^ Time Is the Enemy 

By Frank Swoboda 
and Don ntiUips 


WASHINGTON — Stephen Wolf 
stood before a packed ballnxim at the 
Marriott airpon hotel near ^timore 
ddivering a s pe e ch he said he never 
dreamed be would give. The diainnan 
of US Airways Inc. bad come to town 
to ted Its employees drat time was 
running outfortbem tfia iifri<tn«g 

made some ooncessioos. 

Time also is running out for the 
earner and Mr. Wolf. Without die 
concessiooa, the veteran airline chair- 
man said, be wiU be fivced to down- 
size US Airwajrs, forever abandoning 
plans to make it into a major global 

Asked by a pilot in the andience 
how quiddy tbe end could come. Mr. 
Wolf said, “I dem't know, but deacly 
sometime in die not-tooKUstant fu- 

Now die deadline has become clear- 
er. Company sources said last week 
that the US Air\^s board of directors 
woitid begin laying off pilots and other 
employees June 30 — vriien the {nlots* 

no-layoff clause expires — unless 
agreements have been reached with 
itninng for |nlots, machinists and flight 
attendants on cnotng costs. The final 
deadline will be 30, when US 
Airways must a£Bnn or cancel a $14 
bQlion order for up to 400 new aircraft 
from Airbus Industrie, the Eunqiean 
airline OMisortium. 

WidiiD a matter of weeks, US Air- 
ways win have to decide wheito to 
spend an estimated $500 million to 
buy die profitable USAir Shuttle dtat 
flies between Washin^Um, New York 
and Boston or risk loring it to Amer- 
ican Airlines Inc. or United Airlines 
Inc., which are apt to bid tqi the price. 
The shuttle is operated US Air- 
ways, ubich has the first right of re- 
fusal to purchase it, but owned 1^ a 
consortium of banks. 

US Airways is die carrier with the 
most flints operating at National Air- 
port and it matnniing a small operatiem 
at Dalles lotematitxial Airport, both 

Fix' Mr. Wtm, who came to US 
Airways last year with a reputation for 
rescuing troubled airlines, and for tbe 
42.000 employees of the airline, the 

momeni of truth is al band. He has 
determined that the carrier cannot 
make hs aheraft purchase without cost 
cuts that would allow it to compete 
with new low-cost rivals that are 
blar^eting its core markets in t^ 

But selling tbe need for labor con- 
cessions comes at a time when things 
appear rosy ^ the airlines. Just last 
week, US Airways reported a record 
fiist-quaiierpiofii and the outlook for 
this quarter rs just as good. Flights on 
average are 68 percent full and the 
oumb^ of paying customers is 

Although US Airways* manage- 
ment has sought concessions from the 
three unions, the primary t^et is the 
Air Lise roots Assoctadon, which 
repr e s ents the carrier's 4,800 pilots. 
Irc company has been in almost con- 
stant discussions with the pilots tince 
Mr. Wolf arrived in Jaoua^ 1996. 

Jim Gardner, a spokesman for tbe 
pilots union, said it would not discuss 
the negotiations. But he said tbe pilots 
associ^on's negotiating committee 

See AIRUNE, Page 13 

Daido Hoxan Removes 
President Over Painting 

Feud Centered on Charge of Gangster Art 

Bloomberg Nnrs 

OSAKA. Japan — Directors of 
Daido Hoxan Inc. voted Sunday to strip 
the company's president of his title, the 
latest roiBid in a rare public dispute 
between high-ranking executives. 

At an emergemry board meeting, the 
Japanese industrial-gas maker decided 
thk the chaiiman. Hiroshi .Aoki. will 
serve as acting presidenL a company 
executive said. Shigeru Mizushima. 
who had been president, will remain a 
board member. 

The decision follows Mr. .Mizushi- 
ma's announcement last week that he 
had asked Tol^o prosecutors to indict 
Mr. Aoki and Vice President Takashi 
Itoh, Mr. Mizushima said the two used 
company funds to buy a valueless paint- 
ing fex 90 million yen (S7 1 2,000). 

Selling worthless an to corporations is 
a common tactic of eingsters known as 
sokaiyo. In e.xchangel^ the purchase, the 
sokaiya promise not to disrupt the com- 
pany's annual shareholders meeting. 

Mr. Mizushima said the purchase of 
the painting by Mr. Aoki and Mr. Itoh 
was an agi^vated breach of trust. Mr. 
Aoki admitted Sunday that he had 
bought the paintiog. but denied he 
bought it from a gangster. He said the 
board decided to dismiss Mr. Mizushi- 
ma from tite presidency for damaging 
tbe company's reputation. 

While corporate power struggles are 
just as common in Japan as anywhere 
else, the battle of the two Daido leaders 
in public is rare in a counuy that puts 
premium on maintaining harmony and 
saring face. 

The origins of the split between the 
president and chairman go back to 1 993. 
when Daido Hoxan was created in a 
merger. Mr. Aold was the president of 
Daido Sanso. and Mr. Mizushima was 
president of Hoxan when the two 

‘Tm very indignant.** Mr. Mizushi- 
ma said Sunday as he emerged from the 
board meeting. ‘Tm so sad that our 
company has been reduced to this." 

di^te may provide yet another 
example ex Jqraoese companies' alleged 
links with organized crime. Mr. Mizushi- 

ma said he would continue to work with 
prosecutors to pursue the case. 

Mr. Aoki said he bou^t the paintm^. 
which was priced at 300 million yen m 
1991, for 90 million yen two years ago. 
He said the purchase was approved by 
the company's directors, including Mr. 
Mizushima. He said the painting was a 
work of a 17th century Ehiich artist 

‘'It's so strange to me that Mr. 
Mizushima didn't complain at the 
lime." Mr. Aoki said. 

He also said Mr. Mizushima's man- 
agement philosophy was far removed 
from his. 

Mr. .Aoki sought to dispel the ^lec- 
ulaiion ihai the rift was because of the 
company's failure to merge the former 
two companies’ corporate cultures. 

He said all 23 of the board members 
in attendance voted in favor of remov- 
ing Mr. Mizushima from the presiden- 
cy. Three directors failed to attend. 

Mr. Mizushima said Sunday the board 
removed him for fear that voting against 
the move would put their own Oveli- 
hoodsairisk. "1 feel sorry for other board 
members. They have fairiiiies to feed." 

Mr. Aoki said: "The entire situation 
was unfommate. 2 wanted Mr. Mizushi- 
ma to become my future successor." 

Mr. Mizushima said last week he 
made the accusation know'ing he could 
be dismissed from the company. ‘‘I de- 
cided to sacrifice my career to stand up 
for what is right and what is good fex 
employees and shareholders," he said. 

In a statement, Daido Hoxan said, 
'‘Concerning the purchase of a painting, 
we firmly believe this incident doesn't 
constitute aggravated breach of inisL" 

The statement was accompanied by 
one from Mr. .Aoki. which said: "Since 
the merger, we have been working hard 
to combine the operations of the two 
companies. 1 thought my efforts bore 
fruit This is really regrettable." He 
added that Mr. Mizushima's claim was 

Daido Hoxan, based in Osaka, is 9 
percent owned by Air Products & Chem- 
icals Inc. of Allentown. Pennsylvania. A 
spokesman for Air Products & Chem- 
icals declined to coramenL 

Stodgy State-Held Companies Hobble China’s Market Reforms 


BEDING — China's economy is in 
tbe best sh^ tbat it has been so far in 
tiie 1990s, but it faces several striking 
{TOblems. patticolariy die blind pitxhic- 
tiOQ of oowanted goods by lumbering 
state conqraxnes unable to adapt to the 
madeet, acooR&ng to a new iq wrt. 

Chiiia has successfully guided its 
ecxxioipy m a soft landnig, s^ die report 
by a ^oiqi of leading ectmomists from 
& C&nese Academy of Social Sdences 
aod die Stare Statistics Bureau. 

But die chief tatic now facing China's 

economic jdacaers was bow to cocxdin- 
ate an memcient state sector with sizzr 
Ung economic growth that bas averaged 
ab^ 10 per^t for die post few years 
without sending the economy Adding 
off coarse, it sud. 

The goventment could not afford to 
miss this oppofBini^ to push ahead widi 
new and difficult economic refonns, 
eqredally ones drat would force die 
stare sector to be more efficieot in the 
maik^lace, h said. 

It cited an urgent need to tackle tbe 
problem of imbalances between supply 

and demand that have beeu blamed for 
mounting stockpiles, and losses, at in- 
efiident state f^ories unable to adapt 
to die marketplace. 

But it warned that while tackling tbe 
state sector and the issue of supply and 
demand, the government could not af- 
f<xd to allow tbe economy either to 
overheat or to cool too quickly. 

China's economy bas been forecast to 
grow by 10 percent tins year, up slightly 
from last year's rate of 9.7 penreoL 
Tbe report urged tbe govemment not 
to cut interesi rales again this year after 

two reductions last year that spurred in- 
dustry but sent a flood of money stream- 
ing into the fledgling stock maikets. 

"Because of a lack of capita] markets 
that can efficiently absorb funds, there 
has appeared the currem 'overtiming' in 
the stock markets." it said. 

The Shan^xai stock market has 
gained more than 30 perceoi since tbe 
start of the year. 

■ Car Imports 8t 48- Year Low 

China said that car imports had 
dropped to their lowest level since 1 949 

but that it hoped its entry into the World 
Trade Organization womd help increase 
imports again. Agence France-Presse 
re|toned from Beijing. 

"The market share of car Unpoitsthis 
year may be lower than last year’s 14 
percent." after a series of strong years 
when imported cars represented nearly 
half the market, the official China Daily 
Business Weekly said. 

The market share has faUen to “the 
lowest level since tbe People's Republic 
of China was found^ in 1949," the 
article added. 


For Cyberphobics, Plenty of Help Is on the Shelf 

By Margot Williams 

WuhiHgioM Feet Service 

C yberjAoltia bas not yet 
been nam^ a disoraer 
by the American Psy- 
chiatric Assodation. But 
man y of us have feJt a twinge 
of this Inteniet<4elated syi^ 
drome, which comtanes anxi- 
ety , frustration and feelings of 
inadequacy. Where to go for 

One place is bodcstoies. 
Some stores have sdielf 
after shelf of self-frelp titles 
aimed at demysti^ng the 
network; a recent strarefa of 
Amazon. coin’s on-line cata- 
logue turned up more than 
7W in tire Inrei^ category. 
As official, and free, pirntM 

software manuals become 
scarce, a tiitivn^ market for 
guides, (firectories and 
magaanes has been created. 

Ymican find “'ITre ABC's 
oftbelhiemet*'and “Zenand 
tire Alt of tile fritemet" and 
‘*Tbel0Minute Guide to Lo- 
tos Notes 43 Web Navigat- 
or.’* Or “Ihteniet for Dum- 
mies’ ’ and "Mtxelnretnet fex 
Dummies’* and “Internet 
Iblephouy for Dummies,'' 
and "Tlie Complete Idiot's 
Guide to Internei Explorer 
3." And. of course, tiiere's 
“Hie Inteniet for Cats." 

Some commutes are read- 
ing “JavainaNuttirell." Al- 
tfapngh most Internet users do 
not need sldlls in building fire 
walls, programming intelli- 


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gent a^nts or setting up serv- 
ers, attractively packaged 
bo(^ are avtdlable in quan- 
tity for those who do. 

Back in the old days, when 
first siting up a <fial-^ ac- 
count, 1 collected all kinds of 
“starter kit" books with en- 
closed didts, CD's and belp- 
ftil mstnictioQS for using FTP. 
or file transfer p rotocol, In- 
ternet Relay Ch^ Unix com- 
mand^ Gofriier, Archie, 
Verooica and Jugbead, now 
all nostalgia items. 

Now drat tire Web and 
graphical interfaces rule, go- 
ing on-line is much easier. So 
why are there so many 

Back to cyberiAobia. Die 
Imemet is growk^ so last, we 
bear about it everywhere, and 
we foar drat if we do not jump 
on and catch up, we wUI be 
left in tire dust Help! 

Before Ixiy anythii^ 
remember dial tire Interoet it- 
sdf still has lots of free help 
availaUe. Numerous rites cer- 
tain "frequently arited ques- 
tibris" files and other forms of 
help that you can download. I 
usi^y depeo6 on these. 

But if you do buy a book, 
choose carefully. . 

More than half of the 
“nontechie" books are gen- 
eral iotFOductiofis and 
browser guides for people 
who are more comfortable 
witii books than with oo-l^ 

ffyoa are a beginner, I'd go 
for the ones with most space 
devoted to how the Web 
works and bow to use ap- 

Avoid tbe ones that 
provide extensive lists of 
Web addresses. They are 
quickly outdated and the Mef 
descriptions of shes often are 

Other books are aimed at 
people with qremal interests 
who are trying to find specific 
infonnation on Che Internet in 

connection with their woric. 
There are gindes fix account- 
ants, nurses, teachers, in- 
vestors, writers, retirees, mar- 
keters and job hunters. 

Unfortunately, in the rush 
to fill the shelves, while the 
Web is sudi a hoi topic, many 
of these have been padded 
with recommendations and 
directioas to sometimes 
nrxiexisrent sites. 

Th^'re also oftm short on 
material that helps you de- 
velop real stills, you need to 
be able to search, not surf. 

Mastering the intricacies of 
search engines, comparing 
tire relevancy of their results, 
evaluating dte value of the 
infomraiioa retrieved and or- 
gantmig jt into a manageahle 

form are stills that can really 
help, no matter what topic 
you purroe. 

SurprisingW, few of these 
books enlist toe assistance of 
tire most experienced profes- 
sional seekers, finders and or- 
mniz^ of formation — 
fibrarians, or "information 
specialists," as many prefer 
to be called tii^ days. 

For instance, we conent 
book w the subject, “Net Re- 
search: Finfing Infbnnaiioa 
Online," by Daniel Baireo, is 
laced widi cobsultaiions with 
computer scieodsts and sys- 
tems managers. 

• Tbebook promises to teach 
effective s^ich techniques, 
but 1 found no systematic 
method that would consis- 
tently lead you to what you 

Instead, die author leans 
heavily on intuition as an ef- 
fective search strategy. The 
idea is tbat the associative 
powns of your mind, and the 
hunches as to where material 
m^t be located, will prob- 
ably be quicker than the 
search engmes. 

A welctMne exception w 
the books’ tendency to ignore 
librarians is “Secrets of the 

Super Net Searchers" by 
Reva Basch. She presents in- 
terviews with 35 independent 
research profesriotials, aca- 
demic libiviaas and o^r ex- 
pert searchers who describe 
the thought processes and 
skills that operate behind suc- 
cessful searching. This book 
is en^iging and oelpful. too. 

■ IBM Recasts Net Unit 

Intenrationoi Business Ma- 
chines Cotp. plans to gradu- 
ally dismantle a higb-{xofile 
division formed two years 
ago for coordinadog Internet 
strategy. Tbe Associated 
Press has reported Erom New 

IBM win evennially reas- 
sign tbe duties among the 
various IBM business units 
dial make and sell Internet 

move will streamline de- 
velopment and bring new 
technologies to market 

No timetable was set for 
extinguishing the division, 
created Chief Executive 
Louis Gmmer to meet ex- 
ploGdng demand for technol- 
ogy enabling companies and 
consumers to use the World 
Wide Web and private net- 

IBM recently shifted 100 
software developers — about 
one-fifth of the staff of the 
Internet division staff, which 
is based in Raleigh. North 
Canriina — to the comply 's 
much larger software unit, of 
which the Internet division is 
a part. 

The company added that 
the move was unrelaied to any 
cost-cutting. Tbe company 
said il had long planned to 
phase out tbe Interoet divi- 
sion once il got die entire 
cemipany thinking about 
ways to develop, make and 
sell Internet technology. 

Internet address: 


Schumacher's Choice 

5p«crimas(vr Acrtoimrie 
Day-Dale. AM/PM. 

OMEGA — Swiss made since iSsB. 

The sign of excellence 


Raft of U.S. Data Promises to Keep a Clue-Hungry Market on Edge 

By Carl Gewirtz 

lahTHiiiMihil llfruU Tribune 

PARIS — Storm warnings are up for 
what analysts forecast will be rough 
weather for the international capital 

The week is filled with a series of U.S. 
economic reports that are likely to 
destabilize the market. Not only are the 
first official estimate of first-quarter 
growth and the employment cost index 
scheduled for release, but later in the 
week the first indicators of activity in the 
second quarter, the purchasing man- 
agers' index and employment data for 
April are expected. 

Stephen Roach, an analyst with Mor- 
gan Stanley & Co., said he thought that 
stronger-than-expected data *‘w^ go a 
long way" in convincing investors that 
"markets have a long way to go in 
adjusting for the U-S." monetary tight- 

ening that will unfold over the balance of 
this year." 

Although markets have just about 
priced in Mother quarter-point inaease 
in the cost of overnight money when 
Federal Reserve Bo^ policymakers 
ne.xi meet on May 20. Mr. Roach said the 
tightening would continue until that key 
money-market rate, now at 5..*>0 percent, 
hits 6.75 percent. 

While analy.sts at Salomon Brothers 
Inc. and J. P. Morgan & Co. did not go 
quite that far. they said they thought the 
Fed would have to raise its rate to 6.50 
percent before the current boom con- 
ditions could be slowed enough to con- 
tain inflation. 

Complicating the picture is the 
weeklong "Golden Week" holiday in 
Japan. Japanese are big investors in 
the U.S. market and their reduced par- 
ticipation is e.Kpected to result in less 
liquid and more volatile trading. 

Moreover, there are considerable jitters 

about what to expect from the J^ianese. 

Ti on Friday of l^Hssan 

.Along with ail of this, there is in- 
creasing uncertainty in Europe about the 
outcome of the French legi^ative elec- 
tions that begin in May. Analysts do not 
so much fear thai President Jacques 
Giirac will lose his cunem conservative 

oil u»uau«u s.. majority or even that the Socialists — - — t a • * 

erage company in the industry holds 53 who negotiated and signed’ the treaty for sign^ that bets ^ bemg placea.against 
percent of assets in securities that are not European monetary union — will score continued stability in France. 

, . = j j gjj outright victory. Instead, they fear 

that neither party will win 

The shutdown 
Mutual Life Insurance Co. sent a shudder 
through ail markets because the company, 
the 16di laigest life company in Jo}»n. has 
an unusual mix of assets. While the av> 

about what they held in France at the 
outbreak of the 1992 currency crisis. 

This means that both the French bond 
market and the currency are less vul- 
nerable to a sell-off, although the shaip 
rise of half a percentage point in the June 
contract for me interbank rate is a clear 

denominated in yen. Nissan is estimated 
to hold some 15 percenL or about $2.7 
billion, in foreign assets, mostly bonds 
that will need to be liquidated. 

Another wrinkle is the insistence of 
Japanese officials that the yen not weak- 
en any further from its current le\*el of 
126.30 yen to the dollar. Analysts see 
little likelihood that Japan can do any- 
thing to halt the slide for now. but there is 
some concern that Japan^ investors 
might hold off buying tbreira securities 
in hopes of a more ravorabfe exchange 
rate later in the year. 

a majority, 
resulting in a government loo weak to 
implement reform or proce»l with plans 
to min the union. 

nie French market itself is rather well 
placed to weather this uncertainty. 
Among the nine major European bond 
markets, nonresident holdings of ^Mch 
govemmem paper at 12 percent of the 
toml are lower than anywhere but Bel- 
gium, where die share is 6 percenL Non- 
rcsidrats currently account for 38 per- 
cent of German government debt, or 

Ironically, die maricets deemed most 
vulnerable to a political upset in Fiance, 
which would damage prospects for mon- 
etary union, are the currency markets for 
the Italian lira and the Swmish krona. 

The Deutsche mark advanced 0.97 
percent against the krona and 0.81 per- 
cent against the lira last week. By con- 
nasf. me mark rose only 0.08 percent 
against the French franc. 

Among last week's imemarional is- 
sues. the star performer was the 200 
million DM ($1163 million) of frve- 
vear notes from Porsche AG. the Ger- 

man luxury carmaker. Its mai^ issix 
was many rimes oversubsenbed, 

lead manager Deutsche Bant 

Althou^ unrated, Porsche scHd jis 
oaper at a yield to match that of single- 
A-rated Bayerische Motoren werke AG 
and ended the week trading eight hoais 

points bdow BMW. 

Adding to Porsche’s reputahon as a 
producer of collectibles, the bond cer- 
tificates are being primed in color and jn 
four models —each showing a difent 
model car. .... 

More exotic, but mdicanve of me ap- 
petite for risk, was the issue fis re- 
tailer Metro AG. 

Its three-year issue is denennmated in 
Polish zloty, but all payments will be 
transacted in marks because zloiy'cannot 
be held outside Poland. The interest 
is setat 183 percent, and tile first coupon 
will be paid at the subscription price of 
1.8315 zloty permaifc , 

Most Active International Bonds 

The 2S0 mosi active intemabonal bonds traded 
through the Eurodeer system for the week end- 
ing A^l 2S. Prices supftlied by Ibiekurs. 

Rnk Name 

Cpn Maturity Price rnM Rnk Naina 

Cpn Aitatwtty Price VieM 

Bonds Gird for Evidence of Inflation 

Rnk Nome 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

1B7 Austria 

(M/ll/W 990000 5.7900 

Belgian Franc 

156 Belgium 

7.00 04/29/99 106.2000 6J900 

British Pound 

133 Fonnie Moe 

t 06rt)7/D2 97.7500 7.0300 

Canadian Dollar 



9'» I2/D1/99 I09JI30 8.4600 
SVi 02/D1<e0 1000610 S-4900 

Danish Krone 

5 Denmark 
17 Denmark 
17 Denmork 
27 Denmork 
38 Denmoik 
46 Denmark 
56 Denmark 
58 Denmark 
66 Dmmork 
70 Denmark 
78 NykredirSCs 
88 ReolKredtt 
105 Denmark 
ISBNykredlt Bonk 
14S Denmork 
180 Denmark 

aOO 03/1S/D6 

9.00 lb'ia'98 

7.00 ll/ISV/ 

8.00 11/1S/DI 

9.00 )1/1VOO 

aoo osnsm 

7M 11/1004 

7.00 12/15XM 

6.00 12/10/99 

6.00 11/15/02 

6a0 10/01/26 

6M KV01.26 

7.00 oans/T? 

7.00 iaOI/36 

6.00 oinsm 

4.00 02/1 SAM 


























94 Treutiond 

96 Oermanv 

97 Germany 

103 Germany 
107 Tieuhond 

110 Germany 

111 Treuhand 

112 Germany 

113 Germany 
119 Germany 
123 Germany 

127 Germany 

128 E10 

129 Germany 
131 Genmny 
133 KFW 

104 Germany 

137 Cap Credit Card 
149 Germany 
172 Germany 
1 75 Germany 
189 Germany 
198 Germany 
202 Germarry 

239 Woolwich FRN 
244 Germany 
247 Germany 

aoo 09/15/03 
900 01/20111 

7.00 11/25/99 
Si, oaC(V9B 

5.00 01/14/99 
zero 07,18/97 
7'.y 1Q/2(V97 
zero 07.01/97 
6^1 02/24/99 
6': 08/31/00 
64« 0S2tt9B 

aoo 10/22.43 
51* osca/99 
S'- 03,12i47 

aoo town 
5H 001541 
7iKt (u/iam 
S', 102098 
Mk 01/2098 
Si, 02/1 &07 
3.265 04/2002 
A’a! 024098 
(A, 07/2098 











































































Japanese Yen 

124WorldBank 4’6 

ia6Wofid Bonk aw 

205 World Bank Ait 

215 Spain 110 

332Japon OevBk 2^ 

243EIB 100 

<020/03 1155750 19000 
OMUK1 1105750 50800 
tVTMA 121.7350 19000 
09/2006 1053750 19400 
12/2006 104.1250 X7600 
09/2006 1055500 16500 

New Zealand Dollar 

181 NewZealand 1050 03/1503 1095230 9.1600 

South African Rand 

188 EBRO 

zero 0407/27 X 19891 L 1700 

Spanish Peseta 

126 Spain 
165 Spain 
197 Spain 
207 Spain 

7.90 02/2602 1075340 75SD0 
6^ 04/1MM 102.9890 65500 
laiO 02/2801 1145950 86400 
650 040006 1135670 7.7600 
9'>i 12/2(kQ4 96.9557 95000 

Swedish Krona 

82 Sweden 
166 Sweden 
171 Sweden 
176 Sweden 1037 
206 Sweden 
221 Sweden 

1150 01/21/99 109.859010.0100 
lOU QMISOO 112.9440 9.0800 
lO’A 0M1S/03 1183010 86700 
800 OBflSm 105.4740 75600 
6'/i KV2S/06 955780 55100 
5M 0402^12 958800 55800 

NEW YORK — Bond investors are 
bracing for 16 economic reports this 
week that are expected to give the Fed- 
eral Reserve Bo:^ more reason to raise 
interest rates in May. 

"It's a big week and the market has 
msoD to be worried," said Scon Gran- 
nis at Wes^n Asset Management. 

When the dust settles, yields on 30- 
year Treasury bonds will probably be 
about 7.25 percent, analysts said. The 
yield finished Friday at 7.14 percent, up 
from 7.07 percent the previous week, as 
the market absorbed a heavy supply of 
corporate and municipal debL 
The eptcenter of tim week’s flood of 
data will be the first-quarter employ- 
ment cost index released Tuesday, 
which is likely to the confirm the mar- 

ket’s fears of increasing wage infiadon. 
an^ysts and traders said. 

For months the market has looked to. 
if not feared, the employment cost index, 
because recent employment repons have 


shown a low unemployment rate and 
increased wages for hourly workers. 

"There’s a lot of data to digest, but 
ECl is the most imponant." sard Marie 
Sauvigne, a vice president at Chase Se- 
curities in New York. 

The index is expected to have risen to 
a 3 peivem year-over-year increase. Don- 
ald Fine, chief maricet analyst at Chase 
Asset Management, said anything above 
3.1 percent was likely to disturb traders, 
llie government ^so will release its 

first look at first-quarter gross dotn^c 
product on Wednesday and Apnl s joJ)s 
figures on liiday. Manufacturing, con- 
sumer confidence and personal spending 
reports, and otiiers, also are due. . , 

mvestcKS will scour the releases for 
dues to tte ecemomy’s soengdi ^ the 
threat of infiadon. whi^ eats 

into the value of fij^-incoine securities. 

“The numbers will continue to build 
the case" for Fed action, said Vic 
Thompson at State Street Global Ad- 
visofs 'm Boston. He says the Fed will 
raise its target for overnight bcurowing 
to 5.75 percent from 5.5 percem M-a 
policy meeting May 20. The Fed raised 
the federal funds rate by a quarta point 
to 5 jo percent on March its first 
incre^ in two vears. 

(Bloomberg. Market News, NFTi 

Dutch Guilder 

U.S. Dollar 

New International Bend Issues 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 
3 Germany 

3 Gennany 

4 GefflMiny 
7 Germany 
9 Treuhand 

10 Federal Tsy 

11 Germany 
ia ISennany 

13 GertiMny 

14 Gemwny 

15 Germany 

16 (jermany 
16 Germany 

30 Germany 

21 Germany 

22 Germany 

23 Germany 

24 Germany 

25 Germany 

26 Treuhand 
26 Germany 
29 Gennany 

31 Treuhand 
33 Treuhand 

35 Treuhand 

36 Germarry 

37 (Germany 
39 Germany 
4Q Genmny 
41 Treuhand 

43 Germany 

44 Treuhand 

45 Germany 
47 <3ennany 
49 Gennany 

51 Treuhand 

52 Treuhand 

53 Germany 

54 Germany 
59 Gerrmny 
61 Treuhand 

63 Gennany 

64 (Germany 

65 Treuhand 
67 Germany 

66 Germany 
69 Treubond 
7l Treuhand 
73 Treuhand 
7 j Treuhand 

75 Gennany 

76 (jermany 
79 Gennany 

83 Germonv 

84 Treuhand 

85 Germony 
89 (jermany 
93 Gennony 



500 01/04/07 
6V« 04/3506 
Ai, 11/20411 
BM otatAa 
6>» 0S/12/DS 
7’^ 09/09/04 
a/4 0819/99 
Tie ai/08t)S 
500 aS/21iD1 
6^ 10/14415 

5.00 08/2021 
SU 02/21/01 
500 01/0&26 
7<y 11,11/04 
81'^ 09/2001 
5^1 05/1500 
500 02/1606 
800 077202 
6 '..> 01,04/24 
51» 08/2200 
6 it 07/01/99 

9.00 latsatxf 
tem 10/17/97 
7M 120202 

rve 120002 
61.1 07/1503 
700 12/22/97 
6 'V 06/11/03 
8r,k 12/2000 

7.00 01/1 aoo 

814 02/2001 
6 ^ 07/09.03 
600 0670/16 
6 lii 09/1S09 
6V4 03/2678 
B4u Q7,7(V00 
600 11.12/03 

5.00 12/17/98 
6 ^ 0525/98 
311 09/1878 
6 -'i 12,02/98 
841 0571/01 
64c 07/15/04 
6 *k 07/29/99 
64k OS7079 
800 09/2277 








5 >e 







1 075200 





























32 Netherlands 
48 Netherlands 
86 Netherlands 
90 Netherlands 
9) Netherlonds 

99 Netherlands 

100 Netherlonds 

101 Nethertarxis 
114 Netherlands 
las Netherlands 
ISO Netherlands 
159 Netherlands 
1M Netnenands 

161 Netherlonds 
164 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 

162 NetherMnds 
185 Netherlands 
195 Netherlands 
199 Netherlands 
201 Ndherkinds 

246 Ntfherlands 

6<« 07/15/98 

9.00 01/154)1 
Pi 034)1/05 
7'^ oi/iSk-aa 

6.00 01/1 S/Oa 
Ti 041S99 
au oai54)i 
7'i OA/IS^O 
6^.4 11.154)5 
zero 06/30/97 
7^ 01/154)0 
8^0 09/15411 
0'.^ 02/1SO2 
8';i 01154)7 

7.00 03/15/99 
8'.: 02/154)0 
Tm 104)1, U4 
8', osntM 

7.00 06r1&«s 

9.00 05154)0 
S’c 09/15,03 
5U 01/15/04 
6'i 04r1M)3 
8'y 064)1.06 













































6 BmzilCapS.L 
a Argenhna porL 
30 Argentina FRN 
34 Argentina 
42 Brazil L FRN 
SO Meiice 
55 Venezuela FRN 
57 Bulgaria FRN 

A'i 0V1S/14 816284 13B00 
S’ , 01G1/23 611875 8.3100 
61c 03/29415 87.8456 75600 
lUk 01/3V17 1013088 11.0200 
6i$ 04nS/06 817906 7.7400 
11h ayi5/36 104.8172 10.9700 
61y 12/iaiQ7 857500 75800 
6*» 07/28/11 60.7500105000 

Compiled by Laurence Desvilettes 





Met. 8b Price 





Floating Rote Notes 

60 Venezuela par A 6lc 03/31/20 69.7500 95800 


62 Brazil FRN 
77 /Medea par B 

80 Bmzll S.L FRN 

81 Brazil par 21 
87 Bruzll S.ZI FRN 
92 EIB 

95 Modal par A 
98 Ecuador FRN 
102 Ecuador pdr 
104 Ford Credit FRN 

108 Russia 

109 Bulgaria FRN 
12S Medea 
laOBcoCam EM. 
139 Brazil 

141 Potand 

142 Argentina 

01/014)1 985188 65300 
6U 12/31/19 705750 85200 
6n^ 04/IV13 795413 8.7400 

Aslon Bank Corp. 


2002 055 100.00 — 

Over ecnonth Ubtr. Ptivam ptacesMie tednmabe a por from 2000. Fees 050^ 
DwwnbietlDrM saSMWl fPeuisdie Morgan OraiMU 

72 France OAT 
117 France OAT 

121 Prance OAT 

122 France OAT 
136 France OAT 
148 France OAT 
154 6rtra(n 

162 France OAT 

163 Britain 
191 Italy 

194 France BTAN 
204 EIB 
21 4 Italy 

241 Prance OAT 

242 France BTAN 

7.00 04/2SQ6 
8'<1 03)15/02 


6.00 04/25/04 
B'k 04/25/22 
S'l 04)15/07 

4.00 OI/2&00 
T’': 04/2iV0S 
9<r« 02/21/01 

6.00 04404)4 
650 OaiNOI 

10.00 01/24411 

5.00 01/26,^ 
9'<> 08417/11 
61k 04)05/02 
r.i oaiNve 

































Finnish Markka 

174 Finland Serial S T-; 04/18/06 1087598 
228 Rnkind sr 1999 11.00 01/15/99 1115832 
331 Finland 94 03/154)4 1204067 




French Franc 

152 France OAT 
193 France BTAN 
230SeraII FRN 
238 Prance OAT 
249 France BTAN 





04)129061115500 65300 
ia'11'98 101.1600 44500 
04/22/04 1005000 n.a. 
02/274)4 1187600 7.0700 
11/1198 1010400 55800 

Kalian lira 

218 Italy 

219 Italy 



07/014)1 1045500 7.9100 
03/014)3 96.9700 6.4S00 

5<4 04/1924 614063 8.4100 
61h 04/15/24 795438 86100 
7Vk 042907 100.7467 75000 
61^ 12/31/19 70.8750 85200 

3'4 tamns 595735 14700 

100 02/28/25 42.1350 7.1300 
04/224)4 100.0000 t)A 
9Vk 11/27411 98.1250 9.4300 
69» 07/2W34 61625010.4800 
1114 09/1Sn6 KM5750 10.9000 
7U, (O/DZ/04 91.8750 7.8900 
8^4 11/0S/D1 101.1096 87800 
400 KV27/14 80.4375 4.9700 
1150 1009/06 1055750105900 
6=)k 09/27/23 905034 7.5900 
4H 08)02/99 955750 4.7200 
6552 12/28/19 875750 75700 
147 Venezuela pars AH 0931/20 695350 9.6900 
151 Brazil 04/15/14 816094 55S00 

153 Brazil 650 09/15/13 712933 83000 

1S5App»itxdFRN1Q58504/17/03 98510710.4700 
156 Bulgaria 7V, Q7/3V12 449063 10100 

ISTBKQiIrwFRN 69u 04/23/04 995300 84400 

167 Argentina FRN 649 03/31/23 81.0625 75600 

168MedcaFRN 749 0806/01 101.4376 75200 

169 Ford Malar FRN 1977 01/17/02 99.8000 19900 

ITDCando 64c 08/2806 97.8217 89000 

173TokyaElecPwr 7.00 03/1M7 98073S 7.1400 

177BrttlshGas zero 11/04/21 148750 80700 

179 Ecuador FRN 02/2805 665500 9.7200 

190 04/2800 985113 81100 
84« 12/2803 983750 85100 
400 07/17/16 815000 49TOO 
400 03/07/17 595500 87500 
6<V9 04r15i09 841875 85400 
750 0403/02 99.8750 7.0100 
9'« 01,15071040000 95000 
3.00 11/3802 1015250 19500 
031300 983750 83S0Q 
649 081700 99.1250 84300 
649 12/31/19 90566S 75200 
6)9 031)00 98.0000 65300 
3'9 07/17/14 71.1250 49200 
699 010707 986589 88500 
7?9 07/28)04 1043750 75400 
6U 11/1500 612188 9.8900 
699 (Ry2106 97.0000 88300 
5V) D40101 1286500 42700 
69e 07/1107 855759 75400 
100 10/27/24 517186 55800 
TH 06)0402 1018750 7S300 
800 09/27.03 910000 83200 
599 12/1001 995900 5.^ 

Chase Monhotton Cotp. 


2002 055 99.914 — 

Ovw Ubor. Callable at per In 2008 Feu 8175^ Downtnoltons SIlLOM. (Onee 

Mmlmtlen Inti) 

MBNA Master Cre<» Cord 
Trust 2 

SS375 2004 0.0B 10050 — 

Over 3-mDiah Lfeor. Average Itte 49* ycon: Aim S582S nMon poylne 82B wer Ubor. Fms 
827^ (J.F. MeigBR SecurMesJ 


SI 00 

2002 053 100.00 — 

Over 6-fiuinlb Ubor. NmsltoUe pitvoie ptocemcme Fe 

I tUMh. Danomlniitkn tn 00008 (Pull 

Nationol Bonk of COnodo 

DAA250 2002 Vis 99.966 — (>vw34iianihLJbiir.Noiicalknie.Fees8i5%.(SaianwnBiiM>enMt) 

FondodeTituliZOClon SP38,025 

Hipotecario Hipot^nso V 

2016 811 IOO.OO — Over »manUitJbor.Avetaa* the 45 yBam.FH*050V4UlAetganSlBriey Inti.) 

CalsseCerTtraleDesfonjin» COOO 
du Quebec 

2002 Vis 995935 - 

Over 3-imnih Bonhirr Accaptunce iul8 NanlDbie. FOH 8187SFi>. (Boicioys drZtaole 

Afrkan Development Bonk YlftOOO 2003 (UO 10050 — 

Over^monRi Ubv. Nancallabie prtvoie ptocement Fen 030%. P a wiiilnutluti s IWaabw • 
yetL (NnrIndividA intl) < 


Bayerische Vereinsbank 


2000 6^ 101.0565 9955 RBoffeiediitV9J71..NaKa]taUe.Fee9M9%.(SatamQnBrathBislnt1J 



2000 6?b 101.15 99.73 Reoifeiedatpar.NoiKaeablB.Feeel99%.(Barcliiy*diZpv4eVVMdJ 



2005 986 99.618 — Setnfanrtuoay. HedewwMe ot 99 jfy tnZOOl Fbe> net dttdnied. (Snatprlm t u v uMuwi tJ 

Rrst national bon)< of 

S 250 

2000 7 101515 99.61 Conoete? Fees? CLehnuin BtUlm IntlJ 

183 Denmark 
192 Peru 

196 Brazil S.LFRN 
206 CMH 
2IIMBLInl1 Rn 
213 Cargill 
216 051. 

222 CADES 
277 Rnland 
229 Nigeria 

233 Warld Bank 

234 Argentina FRN 
235Mydfd TrFRN 
240 Poland par 

Housing New Zealond 


2004 716 99.656 99.25 NencpBaaie. Fees 83254 w (CS Pbst Bosien J 

Kyushu Electric Power 


2007 TA 99535 9877 ManoaeDble.Fees835*».(eelWmrSodBlntV> 

LS SchleswlQ-Hotstein 


2001 64v 101.06 99.17 Weofterea or WM. Nencafieble. Fees 1 Si*. fWulunanU 

Nippon Teiegroph & 


2002 6W 108742 9898 Reoffetedot9?.n7.NoncDllable.Feesin%(GoWmenSaaulntl) 

Norddeuts^ UB 


Rabobank AuMrelio 


1998 654 10050 9953 Semtannutfy.NencaaDbie.FBes 8 mb.DenemlnaflQraS 10 a(l 08 (/MetTmLvndibA} 

2001 5 i 5 90527 — ReofletedDreae 27 .NarKDBoWe. Fungible with eulslandinBi»u»relfing heal oimuitmssdo 

mBUecLPeesIMnvi.(UB$J : 

World Bank 

5300 2001 6^ 101582 9957 Reoftaedet 99401 NoneollBble. Fees l»Hk. (SBC wutuwgj 

Deutsche Ausgtekhsbonk OM1500 

OSL Rnona 

DM 250 

2007 6 99.925 9950 Nomilhible. Fees net ewBDHe.(HSBCTi1ntauBj 

”20W 5Vfc 10154B 9955 Reeffeied 0199.998 NenenHaWe. Fees 2ie«. (ABN-AMRO HooreGovettj ’ 

Porsche Inti PTnonce 


"20W 4H 102.09 10050 Reoffetader9944NeneDlW4Fe«3%.(DeuWisAtaigan(NenML} 

MerriJ) Lynch &C8 


2002 7?A 101.045 — Reeffeied at 99.47. NancBlIabte. Fees I Mb USenlUUndttntU 



SPi Rnan« 

£125 perpt 844 99.182 — CollBbleaiparbi3Da7,««iencaupeniinybeneeLFeee0425%.(MentD LynehlntU. 

BonqueNotSonoledePorfs FF1,250 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar. April 29-May 2 

peipt 6I7 99.907 — inleiesiietii be SWimltl 2007. when Iseue Is callcble cl pocttieiee r ierlW ever Bvtwndi Fiber. 

Fees 0,625%. (Bonque Noitamle de PorisJ 


FF1,000 2008 5W 100.49 99.63 Reeneiedot98965.NoncolkiWe.PecslN%.(BearSteamsliitt) 

A schedule e/ 0NS nnsek's economic and Ananoa/ evenfs. compdM fev Hie /ffienuoonet Herald TnOune by eteorrdwg auaneee News. 

Ford MotorOedit 

FR 500 

2003 5W 10051B — Re0ffbieoaT99591N0«illabl4lnu8niaybtrudenemlneMlneirn»0RarEMU.FeaslW%> 

(Bonoue Nntlonole de PoiIbJ ' " ' 




Ford Motor Cre^ 

Fn 500 

This Week 

Singapore: Electronic Data Inter- 
change conference and exhibition. 
Monday and Tuesday. 

Sydney: Australian Derivatives Fo- 
rum. Monday and Tuesday. 
Brisbane: Austraiian Meat and Live- 
stock industry annual meeting. 
Tuesday through Friday. 

Brussels: Conference on regional 
development, featuring President 
Jacques Santer of the European 
Commission. Tuesday and Wednes- 

New York: Global banking confer- 
ence. organized by Union Bank of 
Switzerland. Monday thrcHjgh Fri- 

Chicago: institute of Management 
Consultants annu^ conference. Fri- 
day through Saturday. 

2009 6’4 101.064 — R*^ffwmlat99H4NorKallaUe.lHuemoybei«daiianiinaMbiauiD5irflarEMU F^2%. - 

(BonqueNonenaledePotlsJ i. . 


171508000 2002 7 101522 99.25 Nencollable.Fee5lhAb.(BenbutNetlenoIt(tePari5j 

World Bank 

ITL 208000 

2002 755 10152 — ito9fferediJt99.91CaltoMeatporln1998ftes1wi%.inoKiHaitam1SObSkMRia;(Craaii 



OF500 2012 6V* 100565 — R90ffb>WBt9804NBiKiilloble.Pee52%.(ABN.AMROHaar»G««lt.) 

MBNA Ameikn/Euiopc 
S)tn)durea Offering 1 

DF750 2007 6 101505 9959 R«eHbrntst99JXNQmlloble.Fea93%.(MQrgariStaiitaylrirU 



2002 7V» 10800 — Noncailowe.Fee986Z%.iBoneDSoBton(ivdeNeoado4} 

April 28 

Tokyo: Industrial production, retail 
sales and auto import data and cor- 
porate senrice price index for March. 
Earnings: Baltrans Holdings, 
Founder. Lion Nathan. 

Copenhagen: Wholesala price in- 
dex for March. 

Paris: Business confidence survey 
data for April. 

Earnings: Atlas Copco. Bouygues. 
Svenska Cellulosa. 

Buenos Aires: Industrial production 
data for March. 

Mexico City: Manufacturing output 
data for February. 

Washington: Nev/ h<xTie sales data 
for March. 

Earnings: Boeing. Tyson Foods. 

Vtorid Borric 


2000 Sto 101.02 — wonoBliebie. ftw 1 tvfc, (Bbucb Santandw de Nego ci oi.) 

CLF-Deida Franoe 


DeutsOie Rnance 

SAR 3.000 

2002 5^ 102.15 100.15 Nwol^. Issue vffit he iweno mb wted In awosoffm EMU. Fungible wBhou^ 

tatting tetpi omount to 120 niMllon Ecia. Poes 1%%. (Bonoua inlle u LMCBnhuirni > 

2027 zero 2.95 198 ^'ff.^3;y^*^”^feredra2J8Wona4lnbla.PiDceeua«3An>nilMrriind.B.tT0,^^^ . T 


Swedish Export Credit 


World Bonk 

SAR 1500 


April 29 

Kuala Lumpun Telekom Malaysia 
meeting for shareholders to vote on 
the proposed bonus issue of one 
new share for every two shares 

Earnings: Tianjin Bohai, Tingyi Hold- 

Bern: Consumer price index for 

Brussels: Inflation data for April. 
Oslo: Current account data for 

Earnings: Banco Santander. Elec- 
trolux, Nokia. Pharmacia & Upjohn. 

Mexico City: Foreign reserves fig- 

Ottawa: Employment insurance da- 
ta for February. 

Washington: Durable goods orders 
data for March, employment cost 
index for first quarter, 

2017 zero 7543 873 vwd l4.i«,. NonenBobte. Preceectt 140 mBOm md. 1^850%. (Hambras BonlL)' ' 

1012 zero 1358 1145 

Afrioin Dmiopinent Bonk Y 1 & 0 Q 0 

2007 3 10055 - woncalkitile mbwle plaewwm. Few aiML 


Leader Universof Holdings 


2004 2^i 100.00 — Redeemable at 

AGF Assurances 


2010 3 -/, 10800 t 

premium. Fees 2^4. ((joldnMn Sadis mnj 

Wednesday Tokyo; Housing and construction 
Afnliso starts and overtime data for March. 

Earnings: ICI Australia. Newerest 

Heisinld: Gross domestic product 
data for February. 

Paris: Employment data for March. 
Eamings: BAT Industries. 
Schoellerbank, Zurich Insurance. 

Chicago: Purchasing Management 
Association of Chicago to reiease 
manufacturing index for April. 
Ottawa: Gross domestic product da- 
ta for February. 

Washington: Initiat estimate of gro^ 
domestic product for Hrst quarter. 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 

May 1 

Sydney: Commodity price data for 

Tokyo: Foreign-currency reserves 
as of the end of Apnl; vehicle sales 
for April. 

Vienna: Central bank's weekly coun- 
cil meeting to consider Interest-rate 

Eamings: Royal Dutch Petroleum. 

Ottawa: Business conditions survey 
data for ^ril. 

Washington: Personal income and 
spending and construction ending 
data for March. 


OJ Tram 

NHUel2S 1&61246 18352.14 4.143 










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050 050 

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Sydney: Treasurer Alan Stockdale 
of Victoria state addresses Treasury 
Corp. of Victoria. 

Copenhagen: Data on loreign cur- 
rency reserves for February. 
Stockholm: New car regisb^tions 
for April. 

Vborbuig, Netherlands: Retail 
sales data for the first quarter. 
Eamings: Unilever. 

Lima: Inflation data for April. 
Santiago: inflation data for April: 
industrial production and sales data 
for March and employment date for 
the quarter ended March. 
Washington: Employment data for 




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PAGE 13 

Waigd Sees AgFeauait on Taxes 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — I^iaoceK^Giiister'nieo Waied 

of Geiinany said Sunday hel)diewed a compromise with^ 

- on> 08 id<»iSociaiDeniociatsoDdieihomyissueoftaxxefbE]n 
: . wassdUcKMsibJedesidteilieconapM.oftalkslastweek. 

■ Mr. sad in an interview wittiflienewspMierBiirt am 
, . Soonlag that tfacre was scope for agreement on die center-righr 
.. coalition govaiunent sprtmo^fw a bottom tax rate of alS 
pacent and a peak rate of 35 pocent on ccxporate cu. 

■ . ‘‘A sen^e pel tate for nnvateinconie follows almost 

. aitemariRanv from that.* * Ife . Waipal gairf , thoH.- 

saw Jan. 1. 1999, as a '‘realistic starting date*’ for the 

Airbus Seeks Lc»ckheed’s Help 

BETHESDA, Maryland ^lomnbeig) — Aiibos indostrie 
, has said it was in talks with Lodtheed Martin Coapi to develop 

-■ a 600-seat aircraft, in a move that would help & Enrop^ 

- group compete witii Bodng Co. 

The pla^ Imown as the AmL would help Airbus break 

, ^Boeing’s moDOpoly oo the market for anplmes tiiat cany 
. .more than 4(X) passengers. Airbus Sattu^y. 

The plane coukl iiiclnde exercise femlities and bunk beds, 

' making it attractive to fireqn^ fliers. 

^ SEC Targets Singaporean Brok^ 

WASHINGTON (Blocmbeig^ The anH Pv - 

illeg^y trading on inside infio^^^mto n^U^millia) on 
the announcement that APL Ltd. would be acquired by 
Nratune Orient Lines Ltd. 

Lorn Kwan Sung, executive chturman of Tjim Chim Hokl- 

■ mgs. winch owns the Imn Qiang Securities Pte. brokerage in 
' Singi^me, cn Friday became the third person charged in tiie 

case. Oim Ccma^ Bobby, a Singapore lesideut. and Abdul 
^isinail of^LmuiM were su^ by me commission tht« 

. month. 

* The conmhdnt, filed in federal court in New Y nric, accused 
Mr. Lum omyesting $4.4 million in A^ shares between Feb. 
25 and March 18. The planned acquisition of A^ by Singa- 
^-pcie-based N^>tuae, was atmomte^ April 13. 

Hamiscbfeger Bids for Giddings 

. MILWAUKEE (Bloomberg) — Hamischfeger Industries 
Inc. has said it wtradd begin ah unsolicited trader ofier to 

:. in a transaction valued at $747 

The value includes the assun^oo of GiAfin^g & Lewis 
debt and the aoqui^ion of aU m Giddings & Lewis’s 33.2 
, mUlioa$haiesoiitstandi^fbr$19asharB,cr39percratmaae 
than its closm^ share price of $13,675 on Pri^. The tender 
tofiSar win begin imnKdiately, the ch jrf executive of Har- 
nisdife^, Jeffety Grade, said late Friday. 

The actpritition, if successful, would create an industrial 
-madtioety cooqiany wxtit combined annnal levraue of $3.6 
billi^ Hamischfegtf sdd. 

Gidthogs & Le^ mates antomated marfriw. tools and 
assembly systems used in all kinds of fscunies, while Har- 
nischfeg^ makra p^mtatcmgj mining and maimials4ian- 
, mcniding oveifa 

Earnings Expectations: Which the Timing 

Max^ Companies Are Beating Forecasts That Have Been Revised Downward 

By Fl(^ Nonis 

New Yort Tima Serriet 

NEW YORK It is too bad that 

the children of America don’t have 
parents who are as understanding 
about grades as Wall Street is about 
cmporate earinngs. 

The foUovring conversation be- 
tween Jimniy. a mgb school student, 
andtus&drer, aptmolio manager, is 
strictly ima^naty. 

Dad: Jimmy, your report card 
shows three C’s and two D’s. I*m 
thrilled And I’m raising your al- 

Jimmy: You’re ^riiat? At tile be- 
ginniDg of the semester, I promised 
things would get better. Itoid you I’d 
get A’s and B’s. But it didn’t hap- 

Dad: Thai’s true. Butamontfaara 
you said that C's were all I comd 
hope for. And last week you said you 
nu^ fail two classes. $o. compar^ 
wim what I had expected you did 
very well. Maybe 1 should get you 

that car you've been wanting. 

Jiauny: Gosh, thante. 

On Wall Street, the initial wave of 
eatnings announcements for the first 
quarter has been viewed u veiy 
good The average company, it is 
said has exceeded earnings expec- 


tatioos for the 17ih consecutive 
quarter. And it is true. Companies, 
by and large, did do better th^ was 
expected on the eve of tiieir earnings 
report Just like Jimmy. 

They did not, however, do better 
than was expected at the begmcing 
of the quarter. Or better than was 
expected after the quai^ was a 
moatfa old As Emmy did compa- 
nies first talked down expectations 
and then exceeded them. 

The investment house 
PaineWebber Inc. ke^ track of 
such things by checking coosensns 
eamings estimates for more than 300 
major companies at the end of the 

first mrath of the quarter, and then 
comparing them to the actual report 
If tiie real number is ai least 10 
percent better than the forecast, it is 
seen as a positive surprise, and the 
opposite if reality is 10 percent or 
more below the forecasu 

So far, according to Tom Doer- 
fltnger, an mvestmem strategist at 
f^ineWebber, 19 percent of the 
companies have produced positive 
surpnses and 23 percent have pro- 
duced negative ones. 

As these things gp, such figures 
are not bad But in no way is the 
current earnings scene similar to the 
one dat exist^ in late 1994 and 
early 1995. when many mote 
companies were exceeding esti- 
mates than were falling short. *‘It is a 
solid quarter, but not like we had 
during the eaniinjs boom.*' Mr. 
Doeminger said The biggest dis- 
^jpointments, he said had been in 
e n rm p i m ifes selling such Commodities 
as chemicals, posers and metals. So 
much for inflatioD fears. 

Just before the earnings season 
begra, when the stock owrket was 
nearing the end of its one-month 
swoon, one portfolio manager 
offered an explanation of why a r^y 
was near. A lot of companies, he 
said were itching to resume share 
buybacks, and would do so once 
their numbers were out and buying 
would not smack of using inside 

As share prices have zoomed in 
recent years, tiiere has been much 
speculation on what would finally 
s^y the bull. High interest rates did 
not do it in 1994, and it is looking 
increasingly unlikely tiiat they will do 
it this year, bwestors really believe 
that the stock market is the only good 
long-term investment, and it may 
take a recession to shake that belief. 

When that happens, no amount of 
estimate-revision will be able to con- 
ceal earnings disappointments. Until 
then, however, the market may 
choppier and more volatile, but it is 
unlikely to really plunge. 

Lynch and His Mantra: Predictions Are Futile 

Bloomderg News 

BOSTON — Peter Lynch, the fnmer superstar 
pottiblio manager who helped fndelity Invest- 
ments become tbe largest mutual fund company in 
the United States, it was “fiitile" to tiy to 
prediathe ^on-teim direction of U.S. stocks. 

“Tiying to predict the future is a waste of 
time,” Mr. Ly^ said Saturday at a conference 
for invesuss. *'No ooe I knew, for instance, was 
predicting tn 1979-1980 tiiat 1981-1982 wmild be 
the w(MSt recesrioo since Wodd War n.” 

Wlnle it would be useful to know when the next 
recession will be. when tte next bear inarittt will 
be or \ttitetfaer interest rates will go iq) or down, it 
is naive to think anyone knows tiie answers, Mr. 
Lynch said. 

“The only tiung we do know is tiie stock 
madcet goes up mrae titan it goes down and tiiere 
will be another recesrioo at sane point in tiie 

fitture,” said Mr. Lynch, who ran Indelity's flag- 
ship Magellan Fund for about 13 ^eais until he 
stepped rawn for personal reasons In 1990. 

The U.S. stock market, as measured by the Dow 
Jones industrial average, has lost at least lO per- 
cent of its value 52 times during the past ceotuiy, 
Mr. Lynch said. Thau means tbe stock market falls 
this much once every two years on average. 

Stocks have declined a perce n t or more IS 
rimes in the past ^ years, which means investors 
should expea a decline of this magnitude about 
once every six years, Mr. Lynch said. 

TTistenH swinying about tiie market, investos 
tiiould concentrate on finding stocks ib^ think will 
{xoduce strong Fensms fa tte long tenn, he said. 

Mr. Lynch was considered one of the wald’s 
best fund managers when he was running Ma^l- 
laiL During his tenure, Magellan ballooned in size 
to $12J billion in assets fira just $22 million and 

had one of the best performance records in the 
business. Magellan to^ is the world’s largest 
mutual fund with about 151.8 billion in assets. 

Since leaving M^Uan, Mr. Lynch, S3, has 
written the best-selling books, “One Up on Wall 
Street” and “Beating the Street” 

He did not single out any stocks that he thinks 
are good values today but spoke in broad terms 
about what investors should look for when pick- 
ing stocks. The most important rale fa investors 
is “know what you own.” he said. 

“If you can't eiqilain to a 10-year-old in three 
miniitftft why you're buying a stock, don't buy it,’ ’ 
Mr. Lynch said. ' T a lot of money over the 
years in stocks like Dimldn* Donuts a^ Stop & 
Shop. These are companies you know and can 

“There are great stocks everywhere.” he said. 
“They’re in your industry.” 

Nike Gets 
A Taste of 
Revolt in 


JAKARTA — An Indone- 
sian faaory that produces 
shoes for the U.S. athletic- 
wear maka Nike Inc. shut 
down for the weekend after 
protests over wages by thou- 
sands of workers. 

Workers ransacked an of- 
fice and damaged cars Frid^ 
in a protest following the fail- 
ure of PT Hardaya Aneka 
Shoes Industri to immedi- 
ately implement a pay rise, to 
$2.50 a day. Tbe company is 
under contract to Nike. 

Jim Small, a Nike spokes- 
man, said Saturday that the 
dispute had been resolved, 
witn employees winning a 
10.7 percent pay increase. An 
executive of the plant said 
that the situation had “re- 
turned to normal,” but that 
the plant would remain closed 
until Monday. 

Almost hw the factory's 
10,000 employees took part 
in demonstrations on Friday, 
according to local media. 

Mr. Small, spea^g Sat- 
urday night from Miami, smd 
the settlement was a relief, 
but raised concerns. He said 
wages in Indonesia have in- 
creased threefold in the last 
two years and “there's con- 
cern what that does to tbe 
market — whether or not In- 
donesia could be reaching a 
point where it’s {xicing it^f 
out of the market” 

NDce will not pay more to 
the factory as a result of the 
increased wages. Mr. Small 
said. (AP, Reuters) 

dling equipment, : 

ig oveibead cranes. 


Russia to Opt for Money from World Bank Instead of IMF 

Hedging Undmnmes VW Profit 

BONN (Reuters) — Volkswa^o AG said it had missed out 
on pretax profo of noond ijlHQioaDeiitsdie mads ^52.8 
anUiai) in 1996 1^ bedg^ itself agamst fells in tiie doQar, 

jUgriing and T Vnfuctift marfc that riiri fH>r Tnat^rialiTP- 

“The nmnba is aboot li^ht,” said Klaiis Kocks, a VW 
^kesman, said Saturday, m leqKmse to a report in tiie 
weekly Gennan magarine Der SpiegeL 
Mr. Kocks said tok VW's feil^ to profit from the hedges 
was the result of a ddiberately low-risk hed^g policy. ‘ * We 
can live witii tiie aocusation bang too conservative.” 



^ Spie^ quoted a cuneocy expert as saying tiie com- 
' had na saffered a loss hut missed out on a chance to 

Agaee Franee-Presae 

MOSCOW ^ Russia does 
not expect to receive any more 
inaja crediB £nxn the Ihter- 
narirwfll MoiMiacy Fuod once 
ft conqiletes disbursement of a 
$103 billion loan, a first 
dqxity priote minister, Anatoli 
Phniwi<^ said Sunday. 

“Tbe IMF will in future 
put an end to its activities in 
Russia, and the credit is tbe 
last major loan,” the Interfax 
news agency quoted Mr. 
Chulw as saying en route to 
Washington for meetings 
witb Fund dSkials. 

Mr. Chubais said tiiat loans 
from die Worid Bank would 
tate the place of Fund cae^ts 
and that those loons would oo 
longer be aimed at siabOizing 
the tnhle and caurolling in- 
flation but mstead would fi- 
nance invesonent projects. 

”We snnply no longer 
need tite kina of loons” tiie 
IMF provides, Mr. Qiubais 
said, noting that fe 

the first quarter wasjust over 
S percent against 10 percent 
in the first quarter of 1996. 

Preadent James Wotfen- 
sohn of die Wald Bank has 

said that tbe agency could 
ITOvide Russia up to $6 bil- 
UoD over tbe next two years. 

The International Mon»' 
tary Rmd has suspended pay- 
ments of its loan, citing con- 
cerns over tax collection and 
other aspects of structural re- 
form in Russia. But tbe man- 
aging director of tbe Fund, 
Mcfael Camdessus, said last 
vreek that lending would 

likely resume next month. 

hft. Chub^ has handled 
negotnuions with the Fund and 
ot& iaEBmational lending atr- 
ganizBiioQs since his return to 
govern m ent last month. 

■ Fond Broadens Rules 

The Fund has agreed to 
broad guidelines for deter- 
mining countries that quaJ^ 
for new debt reUef, whidh 

should benefit Ivory Coast, 
Guya^ Yemen. Congo and 
Mauritania, Reuters repotted 
fioffi Washington. 

Philippe Maystadt. head of 
tbe Fuan's polK^-maktng In- 
terim Committee, said Sat- 
urday rbwr the giri d ^ Kctf-c 
would allow the countries to 
benefit from an initiative, to be 
carried out jointly by the Fund. 
Worid Bank and Paris Club of 

creditor nations, aimed at re- 
ducing debt among poa, 
heavily indebted nations. 

The Fund approved a debt- 
relief plan for Uganda this 
wreJc, making it S»e first to 
benefit from tiie initiative. 

Altogether, 15 to 20 coun- 
tries should benefit from the 
initiative, Mr. Maystadt said, 
estimating its cost at $53 bil- 
lion to $8.4 bUIion. 

AIRLINE: Time k RiamingOutfor a Deal ai US Ameers 

Cootinued from Page 11 fi* 

' ~ believeditsporitiem was ”ex- 

- tremely reasonable in li^ of 
induray trends and the prof- 
itability of tiie conqiany and 
the iodistiy.” 

Mr. Gardner said tbe pilots 
share management’s bdief 
that tbe only patii for tbe com- 
pany is to grow, n(M down- 

- Mr. Wttif said he was 
seeking a coiftoatation mth 
the airline’s eanfdoyees. 
Idling them it was tiieir 
dioice to tiy to ex^azxf the 
airlaoe or do notiung and 

In a nationwide series of 
meetings with tbeeizmloyees, 

Mr. ' sdd that US 

- ways was at a crossroads: Tbe 
carrier could grow and be- 

• - come one of the nation’s ma- 
jOT surlines or it could shrink 

-and tetuni to its roote as a 
re^onal carri er with agnif- 
icantly fewer emplt^e^ 
Cu t s almost rgrtainly WOUld 
include most of the 2^0(X> em- 
ployees at tiie airline’s Bal- 
timore opo^oi. 

' Downaang tiie driine 
would cleariy be a big defeat 

. fa Mr. Wolf, who gamed his 
reputation rescuzng such air- 
lines as ContinentaL Repib- 
lie. Flying Tiger aid United, 

_ fairin g OD ED alinoSt 

~every case. 

The {voblems at US Air- 
ways underscore tire dira- 
ging nature of the airiine In- 
dustry. The carrier is d tiie 
^icenter of the latest eco- 
nomic afteidiocks of airline 

Tte influx of low-fere 
competition from sriines 
such as Southwest, VahiJet 
and Delia’s low-cost opera- 

1, have sud- 
denly tunied tile easton half 
of & nation into a cutncaie 
battlefidd where US Airways 
ofto finds itself flying foil 
idanes at a loss because of its 
Idxn costs. 

Because of tbe laba con- 
tracts it has negotiated over 
efSaent remte structure it op- 
erates, US Airways has the 
faidiest laba costs of ray 
UB. airline. Laba accounts 
for 37.85 pereeot of tiie air- 
line’s arerating costs, accord- 
ing to Avitas, an industry re- 
search group. 

Fa tins reason, in part, tbe 
carrier last year had the 
highest cost-per-avaiiable- 
seat mile of any of the maja 
U.S. aniines at 12.69 cents. 
Tte indusay leader is South- 
west, with a peroeat cost of 
73 cents. 

Since taking ova the air- 
line, Mr. Wolf has cbai^d its 
nane fixan USAir to w Air- 
ways, repainted the planes 
and martedly improved ser- 
vice and peifuiinaDce at the 
once dowdy cairia. The 
name dirage is intended to 
boost the nOion of the airline 
as a maJa cania. The new 
Mue and gray cotor scheme is 
vintage Wolf, who chose the 
same colors — in reverse — 
for Ihiited Aniines several 
years rao. 

Mr. W(^ and tiie aidine’s 
iiiitfmg point with jnide to US 
Airways' impr oveaieot last 
year in on-time perftarmance 
xankhigS. moving from sev- 
enth to first, and in ranking 
second oitiy to Southwest in 
tbe fewest customer com- 

Shice January 1996, US 
Airways stoCk has risen from 

$13375 a share to S2937S, at 
tbe close I^iday on the New 
Yoik Stock Exchange. 

If he gets tbe contract con- 
cessioEis. Mr. Wolf said be 
wants to take on the low-cost 
couqietilion in tiie East while 
vastly expanifiiig inteniatiai- 
al service, including creation 
of a maja Kfidwestem hub to 
' service tbe international 

Last yea US Airw^ 
ended its alliance vritii British 
Airways J’LC after tbe Euro- 
pean cania signed a market- 
ing agreement widi American 
Amines. British Airways 
owned 24.6 p erc^ of tiie 
conqiany, wfaira it is DOW pre- 
paring to selL 
Negotiations between the 
co m pa ny and the pilots con- 
tinue, ba little progress has 

“We^re having veiy woo- 
deifu] collegial discu^ons, 
but tiiat’s all they are,' dis- 
cussiois,” said Rakesb 
Gangwal, preddent of US 
Airways, in describing the 
state of negotiatiois at the 
Baltimore meeting. “And 
wtule we talk, the cooape^ 
tioD acts. Our conqreiitioo is 
wishing us a few more years 
of collegial discussions.” 
The 1^ issue, according to 
sauces feirdliar witii tbe 
talks, is just bow much of US 
Airways’ ftiture operations 

will be run as a low-cost, low- 
fere catria with Iowa pay 
and far fewa work rales fa 
its inlots, who currently earn 
an average of $120,000 a 

Conpany officials indst 
tiie ccmcessions bong sougfo 
by the airline should na cause 
great financial ptdn to imioo 

'The real taiget is tile wok 
rulre, such as a schedujing 
system for ]^ocs rad fli^t 

attendants that mwaris fhat, on 

any given day, the co mp any 
does not know by norm who 
will fly 50 percent of its 
planes the following day. 

It is a complex system of 
bunqnng rights and senioriO' 
rales that allows many crew 
membera to wait nntil die last 
minute before deci^g 
wbetba tb^ want to fly. US 
Airways enqiloys 225 people 
to handle schfriiihng. com- 
pared with 100 peof^ for 
United Airlines, wlucb is 

Mr. Wolf srid in Baltimore 
tiiat be was confident agree- 
ment could be reached on 

Reatfiog off a lia of de- 
funct uriines tiiat negotiated 
concessions but waited too 
long to save themselves, Mr. 
Ww said. “They all did it 
before they turned the li^ts 

Living in the U.S.? 

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delivery in key cities. 

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'Ibese securities have noi been registeied under ihe Securities Act of 1 951 and may not be ofTered 
or sold in the United States or to U.S. persons except under Rule 1 44A of such Securities Act. These 
securities having been previously sold, this announcement appears as a matter of record only. 


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Bear, Steams International Limited 




New Issue 

March 1997 


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PAGE 16 

international tribune, MONDAY, APRIL 28, 1997 


As Penguins Lose, 
Len lieux Bows Out 

Brind’Amour and Lindros Score 
To Help Philadelphia Advance 

The Associated Press 
After the hom sounded to 
end his final gar^. Mario 
Lemieux pulled &ic Lindros 
close, mgged 1^ and 
whispered words that 
signded the end of an era. 

“1 just told him it was his 
time,' said Lemieux, whose 
brilliant boc^career came to 
an end as his nttsbuigh Pen- 
guins were ftliTninatflri frm 

IL Platopps 

die playoffs in a &>3 loss to 
Linoros's Philadelphia Hyers 
on Saturday nighL 

Lemieux, 31. had said he 
would retire when the season 
ended. He has played on two 
Stanley Cup wmneis and this 
year coU^ed his sixth NHL 
scoring tide after coming 
back msm Hodgkin’s disease 
and back injuries. He said the 
latter part of this season had 

been especially tough: ‘Tt 
iwnil. I di(~ ~ 

was awtui. i didn’t have my 
legs, I didn’t have any 
strength die last month of the 

Lemieux had a goal aid an 
assist in his ftnal game to fin- 
ish his playoff careerwith ISS 
points (70 goals and 85 as- 
sists) in 89 games. 

Lindros scored 14 seconds 
into the game, but the Hyers' 
hero was Rod Brind' Amour, 
who scored two shorthanded 
goals in a S4-second span in 
die first period to help Phil- 
adelphia take the b^t-of-7 
series, four games to one. 

Brind’Amour tied two 
playoff records: most short- 
handed goals in a period, and 
most shoidiandea goals in a 

Brind’Amour’s goals al- 
lowed the Flyers to erase a 2- 
1 deficit aft^ Lemieux had 
put the Penguins ahead with 
4:26 left in the first period. 

liie Penguins tied the 
game early in the second peri- 

od on a poweivplay goal by 
Ron Francis, but me Flyers 
pulled away with second- 
peri^ goals by John LeQair 

Avalanche 6, Btaddmika 3 

Colorado came back from a 3- 
0 deficit in Chicago to ad- 
vance to die Western Con- 
feimice seinifinals. 

The Avalanche took ad- 
vantage of some foolish 
Chicago penalties to score six 
straight goals and win the 
series, fbm games to two. 

The only down note for 
Colorado was Keith Jtmes's 
torn anterior cruciate liga- 
ment. which die Avalanche's 
coach, Marc Oawford, said 
would end the rugged wing’s 
seasoiL Jones had scored in 
the fxevious three games. 

Iteitb Carn^, Gary Suter 
and Tony Amonte took ad- 
vantage of Avalanche mis- 
takes to score in the first 17Vi 
minutes. But Patrick Roy 
stopped the final 16 shots be 
facM for his NKL-record 
90th playoff victory and Joe 
Sakic sandwiched two goals 
around a score by Valen Ka- 
mensky to send ^ game into 
die thira period at 3-3. 

The Avalanche scored 
three times in the diird period, 
two of the goals com^ on 
power plays. Over the series, 
Colorado scored 12 g<^ in 
its 45 power plays. Hw 
Blackhawks had 27 power 
plays and scored just once. 

Davi la 4, Canadiaw 0 The 
Candiens could not beat Mar- 
tin Brodeur, even on die 
power play, and made aquick 
exit from die playoffs. 

Brodeur, the New Jersey 
goaltender who had a league- 
leading 10 shutouts in the reg- 
ular season, shmped 24 shots 
for ^ first Cutout of die 
playoffs as New Jersey won 
Its Eastern Conference first- 
round series, four games to 

Loko Hits 4 to Sink Nice 

And Delay Monaco ’s Title 


Patrice LtAo scared four goals Sunday as 
. Paris St Gennain beat Nice 5-0 in Paris to 
kem alive its slim hopes of catdiiiig Monaco 
at the top of the Preach league. 

Monaco, which tied 1-1 at bcmie with Mar- 
seille on Saturday, holds a 9-poim lead over 
Paris St Omwiti. Bodi have just four 

2-0. at Barnsley to secure second, 
attention focused on the lower 


header to 

Cm, Ucnberantawn 

Mario Lemieux taking ae ice for the 6-3 loss that ended the Pengnins’ season. 

Russia and Slovakia Battle to 2-2 Draw 


HELSINKI — Sergei Petrenko scored a 
goal just 16 seconds into the game on 
Sunda;/ in the World Ice Hock^ cham- 
pionships, but Russia was still held to a 2-2 
draw by Slovakia. 

After Petrenko scored on a rebound off 
the Slovak goalkeeper, Jaromir Dragan, 
Russia went nearly 52 minutes before scor- 
ing again. Slov^da scored twice in the 
second period as the Russian netminder, 
Masdm Mikhailovsky, was badly out of 

United SlatM 5. Latvia 4 In Tiuku. in the 
other qualifying groiq). die United States 
needed a goal 1^ in the third period from 
die Washington Capitals’ winger, Todd 
Kiygier, to secure a victory over Latvia in 
its opening match. 

'V^di6:23 remaining, Krygier picked up 
his own retxiund and snapped a wrist shot 
past Juris Klodans. The Americans had 
watched a 4-1 lead disappear as Latvia, 
playing in its first worl 
since 1939, stormed back widi three : 
period goals. 

games left and even after Sundry’s victory 

PSG ’ s goal difference is nine goals worse than 

Monaco’s, so one more vicuny for Monaco on 
one defeat for PSG will send the champi - 
onship to the princqiali^. 

Nice had already been relegated after Le 
Havre drew 1-1 at Rennes on Saturday’s 
matches. 'Ihe boQom four teams in die 20-team 

le^ve are relegated. Nice lies bottom of ^ 

first diviskm 16p(wts bddnd Le Havre, which 

holds 16tb place, the last secure position. 

Nice, vimich has readied die Etench Ciq> 
Final, held ou Until die 38di rntnima. Then 
Ldro broke through and scared whh a criro 
low shot He gave a clinic in the goalscxxer^ 
arfinthese co n dt«»tf , aAting gnaiginthe68ilL 
7^and90dimiapte. BencSCauet scored the 
oCher goal in die 81st "tiniite_ narowly beat- 
ing Ldro to the balL 

On Saturday Monaco had to fight back fiom 
one goal down after Xavier Giavelaine opened 
the scoring in die 35di minute, dribbling past 
Fabien Bardiez, the goalkegier, to soxe. 

Monaco pressed in the second half and in 
die 62d mmute Syivadn Legtrinsld nodded 
homefiom a comer. 

OCRMANY Bayern Munidi cemented its 
giro on first place in the Bundesliga on Sat- 
ui&y with its best perfamance of & season, 
a ^ Araghing ofgmi gg lin g FortiinaDiigssgl- 

Borussia Dortmund, which has readied die 
Eun^iean Cup final, was tddiout a du^ of 
first-team players weakened its chances . 
of a third successive tide vriien it lost 2-0 at 
Aiminia Bielefeld. 

Widi five matdies remaining, Bayern leads 
Bayer Leverinisen, 2-1 home winners over 
Werder Bremen on Friday, duee points. 

Bayern took dre lead after six minutes when 
Otrisrian Neriin^ scoied with a shot firom 
outside the penal^ area. Mario Basler scoied 
die second m ^ 35th but both and 

three intfniteg lamr Ruggiero Rixritelli pro- 
duced a fiyjng sdssors-lack to volley home. 

Jufefgen TClingmaim wet m Atevanrter Zicik- 
ler before halftime and todtu Matthaeus 
scored Avowing a sdo imi seven mimxtes after 
die break. It was ins first goal fix' 13 months. 

ENOLAND T Tnfashi nnfthle Barnsley 
dinchad {xtxnotioa to English soccer’s top 

twice hit the post before 
ffi',SSS‘£SnKcelle sco^Bandey-. 
second goal widi three unnutes iCT. . , 

Botatod already clinched fii«riaoe m 
tlw firet division. On Sun^y. 
ton Wanderers beat Vate^l to «OTe 
that it, and not Vale, would be one of the foot; 

in the play-off for the thiM 
p i a cf The ofoer three are Ipswich, ShefEeld 
United and Crystal Palace. ' , 




NBA Plavoits 

Major Ljumue Stammnos 




DNrelt la 2S 19 

AM^ 29 19 a 31- 99 

0: HHI 9-19 4-5 2ft Ouimn M6 24 171 A: 
MiNambo 10-14M 2A UKttnBr ^13 94 18. 
ItafeMlMlI-Mrrit 44 (HN 14. Anonto 45 
(Mgtsmbo IS). Atri Nt -DHolt IS (HHI 7h 

(AIMS kadi Mtei 149 
■faiMOBka 20 29 13 30-8S 

CMogi 24 23 17 34-99 

W; Hoimd 7-15 7-9 21. Smionda-16 M 
l9iC Jerdon 1^2S5J2«. PlppeiS-lSMlS. 
RiteuiKk— W oslilnatew SI (smddond 10). 
adeago SB (Plppoi 10). 
Asskis— Wo9Miig)on 17 (StrkMand 9). 
ChleaoB 26 CJerdon B). 

KMeogo iNdi smn i-Q 
PbOMA 29 31 26 29-106 

Tilling 23 24 32 22—101 

2 14; S: Poyten 1 0-23 2-2 2X HawHn B-1 1 24 
20. aibowio P hi en k 49 Uolmton 7). 
SioMe S3 (Kmp 15). anim mnrnrr 24 
(Odd 10), Seotik 17 (Payton 9). 

fTlndiknili iiiki 1 m 
PorOuid 24 16 22 IS- 77 

UV.UUR 22 21 2S 27-9S 

S.O-Neol 17-27 1M846) CampfadI 9-18 
1-2 30. Roboiiadi-Pertfand 54 (Dudky 11). 
Las Anoeks 51 (LCTNeol 11). 
Asskk— Pemand 19 (RlderS). LasAnoaki 

(UL Lolnn kod coiks 1-0) 

sjmear s aisem 

MkoenTa 20 23 22 19- 84 

Hooston 24 17 25 30- 96 

M: MortHJiy 1 0-2S 0-2 22. GugOotlo 8.21 1 -2 
17) H:Boitdey6.138-132a0latuwan 9-1204 
19. tebjiindi WlnneMlD 49 (ConoH 14), 










































































































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SonFiundSN 15 














pamrirs UNI MOBis 




ON 000-0 

4 0 



002 OGl-2 

6 a 

Gortea Eshelman B) and 


Houston 52 (Bondsy IS) JkObk—Mbmesola 
22 (MoftHify A, Houston 26 (Drexkr 7). 

(Houstaa kods soilts 2-0) 
OarMte 24 23 M 12-93 

NowVart 34 24 31 21-100 

CRki 11-23 15-17 39. Dotk 7-15 M 15ii 
N.Y.: Ewino 15-21 0-3 3L OiOds 7-14M 17. 
Robottods^nofkWo 51 (A4oson.Dlnc12), 
New YWK 42 (Oakky IQ. Aoskta-Cliortolk 
10 (Mosoiv Oirac Mk. Smllti 2). New YM 

(New YM kodc sertes M) 
LAOppen 22 S 32 22-99 

Uten 27 34 33 21—105 

LA:Wfl0m6-115-517.Maitln 5-125-716! 
U: Malone 12-25 15-19 39, Stodcm 7-11 2-2 
10. BdwM ud* — Lae Angeks 44 (VtougW 9), 
Utah 48 (Mokme 11). Asskts— Los Anoeles 
18 (Marlin Ar UM 20 Okmak, Stoddon 

(Utnb kods serine 24) 

Erldon RoJAycn (9) and Webster, 
w— EiidisoA 3-1. L— GetdoA 1-1 
S«-RdA4ycn (9). 

Ckvekte 000 402 221-11 14 e 

lyUhraokac ON sn Ni-4 6 o 

Herriiker. M. Judisen (9) ond S. Akmen 
Kea Ftoifc (6), VWone (A, J. Metoedes (7) 
and Moiheny. w HereWeef, 2 -Ol l— K ot o- 
4. HR»-aeveiand, $. Akmor (7), Romlna 
U), Ma.wnofM 3 (4). Justin 2 (6). Curtk 
(3).MK»ouhee. NIsson CD. Bumisa), Joho 

■15 ON 000-4 11 0 
IN mo 010-3 6 0 
tLHmxi lei i « ndee(7),Wettel nn d(9)nnd 
I. Rodiloveu TBRBsburyi Clean and 
StelnboctL W-4C MO, 24. U^Tdwksbuiy, 1 • 
1 Sv-weneknd (61. HRs-w. Oak (1). 
MMnesota. Lowlon (2), Meores O). 

Oinoo ON 014 000-9 16 2 

NewYOril ON ON I3i-a 5 1 

AhoRb C CosMo (8) and Pane O.Wrik. 
WMttien (6)/ Boehilnoer (6). Stantan (9) 
and Posoda W— AMom. 1 -1 L— 0. Wdb. I - 
1. H R6 OUenpa BeNe (3), F. Thomas (l). 
Newyofk.whHen (3). 

Soonie 401 ON 170-13 17 1 

ToMie 5N 101 801-S 10 0 

DcJVUirttneL Ayok (7). McOmiiy (Q. S. 
Sandera (91 and Da.Wlbon; Ckmens. 
OoUiee (A, PlescK (9). Tlmki (9), Rener 
(9) ond 9BikiL W-4yak,9-a U-Pkso& 0- 
1 HRs— S«ntte AJtodrIguB (3). R. Davis 
(4. GiWey jr. 3 (13). Toiwdo. Sl Gnen 2 (4), 
CDeloada U). 

DtkoV ON ON 300-3 5 1 

AnahemiOOl 040 90»-8 11 0 
Um, J. Oumnings (5). Mtcefl (7) and Ek 
Johneon; DIdcson. P.HaRls (7). McElroy (9) 
and Leyrttb Rdngn (9). W— DIdaoiv 44L 
L-Um. 04. HR»-4)elmlt, TrenmeO (3). 
Anahehn. E. Mwroy CD. Sofenon (3). 
KonsnsOIr IN 115 000—10 13 0 

OoHond Om ON 110-3 0 0 

Appkb Joeome (■). Mtwnoona (9) and 
Modhriaiu WJMtaais. RJMMk (6) and 
Moyno. W A ppkf, 34. L-W. Adams, 1-1 
HRiM(aiins Oty^ C Doris 0). OeMend, 
Slolrs (2). 


Pllkfeeqb ON ON 001-1 5 0 

ChkON 101 2N ON-11 14 0 

Uebsb Wainhowe (5). Conger (B) and 
Ktnd^ Osik (Qi Poskr and Saivnls. 
W-Fodor. 2-1. L-Lkber. M. 
HRs— PttkbwolL MoJetinsm CD. OdCDOO 
Son (Si, Sandberg (1). 

NewYWk ON ON 001—1 6 0 

Montreal ON 3N m»-4 9 o 

BJonekR-Jonton (6). Beriend (7), Manuel 

(8) and A. Ceenet CPem mid n e t dim . 

W-C taes, 3-1. L-B. Jenes, 3-2. 
HRs-Monbaak Pkldier (I), Santangak (I). 
UsAiOekS IN ON 100-2 5 0 

Pkridn 3N 001 Ols-4 5 1 

Noma Path (6). CondMii (7), omter (S) 
and Ptlneu ft.Ldkr, Powell (7). KeUkg (8). 
Nen (9) and C Johnsoa W— 4L Lelkr. 3-1. 
L— Noma 2-2. Sv— Nen (5). HRs— L m 
A ngeka Gogm 0 ). Fkrida Ainu (7). 
SwDkN 3M ON 000-4 4 1 

Alkata ON 4N 103-5 I 1 

HNdieodi. CunnaK (7). Long (7). 
Bergmon (Q ond Rahetly; Neagla Bkkdd 

(9) , Wohkn (9) ond J. Lops. W-Nedgla 3- 

a L-Qinnona 0-i. Sv-Wbt ik ts (6). 

H Rs— Son Dkga Gwyiw (5). Atlanta. Lemke 

SaPnmkco 111 ON 010-4 6 o 

Housion ON am ni-s • i 

Gardner. Tovorez (6L Ron (9) and R. 
WOklna BenyhlU 19); KDa B. WOgner (8) and 
AusmiK. W— 6. WOgner. 24. L Roa 1-1. 
HRs-Son Prondsea R. WMns CD. 

HoMtaa BogweR (6). 

PIrikdaIgbk ON ON 090-10 IS 1 
Ckdndl NO om 105-7 13 0 

MlMler. Mimbs (B). R. Honk (9). 
Pk ui k i i Li ei v {9).eallall»(9)andUeberihal; 
Burba Reni ln oef (5). Janrts (5). BotMS (7), 
BeHodo 18), Canosa (9) and fOubeneee. 
W-M. LeNer. 3-1. L-Burtn 34. 
HR-Ondnnaa. TOubonsw (2). 

COknN 4N 010 000-5 7 0 

SLlnuk IN om 120-4 9 0 

RBz. M. Munoz (0). S. Reed m. B. Ruflin 
(9) and JeJteed! ALBenea T. JAMhews 16). 
Prascaten (8) and PognoizI. DHOUa (9). 
W-RHz. M L-AI.Benea 2-1 
HRs Cdewda L WoBer (10). Sr. Louis. 

Oaylon CD£ND UnesoncK SpSlAcg BC- 
BBO-Unascoraa WrtNfnru4684: EO& 

SMURBMm tM Moau 


Ssotflt IN mo lOO-S 8 1 

Terante ON 310 11 1 

Wcdcatt, McCbrdiy (5). Lana (A. Onrltm 
(9) and OaWIisoa Motzono (V); W.WHHoma 
QuontiOl (9) and Moiqiieia. W— OmnlrllL 3> 

CUhags ON NO mo-9 9 0 

NOkYliirii Nl ON ON-I1 16 I 

Baldwin, Bertottl (6). Stains (7). CCasBki 
(9) and Kmilei; Cona Nnlsen (^ Uoyd (B). 
M. Riven (B) and GtaoRl W— Oona 2-1 
I^-Bddwla 04. Sv-M. RNm (6). 
HRs-Oiicaoa Beoe (4. New YOik, 
TJMomnez (8). PIdder (1). 

310 om 000-5 10 1 
IN 4N 2BI-U II 0 
Sela Mahonws CD, Tillcsta (4, Cool (6), 
Estietamn (7) and H u lie li e ni! 1^ 

MUetinsen (7) and Holea W-Hey, 44; 
L selg 3-1. Sv-MUahneon 0). HRs-M. 
Vtaughn (5). Stanky CD. Batlhnora RJUanar 
3 (3), E. Doris 0). 

KansesCNr ON IN 2N 0-4 14 1 
ON ON IN OS— 7 IS 0 
(11 lmlnas):Raeada8erii (7). J.WUker(7). 
Pld ni de (8), Jeeene (10). MLWNoms (II) 
and SpdK M. Swooney (5); Konoib Gieom 
(7). Aoe (7). So3d (8) and Molna Moyne (9). 
w— Small 34L L-MLWOfena. 0-1. 
H Rs-Kansos J. Bel (6). Cakkiia Skdn 
(3), Nambl CD. AAeCwte (9). Mostwre (I). 
fleyiliTiMl IN 310 120-4 12 2 

MiwaohN 002 on iei-4 n 2 

Cdoa X McDow el l (5), Kind (7). M. 
Jodoon (7), Mesa (9) and sJuamon 
MeAndrewL Wldonon (6), D. Jana (9) and 
Moilwny, Leris (9). W-D. Jonea 1-0. 
L-Moa 0-1. HRs-Ck«akna 
Mawnams 2 (6). MRwaukea NBieen (3). 
Tkas mo mi 030-4 11 0 

MlanesDtB ON 001 Ho-i 7 0 

mn Gundtom (7) end I. ReddguaB 
Aktaed. Ttomtaky (5). Rlldik (Q and 
SWnbadL W— wtal 44. L Ald wd , M 
Sv— Gundenon (1).HRs— Tena LSkvens 
(5). Mkinesala Bedmr (2). 

Ditrait om ON 001-4 6 0 

Andnkn ON ON nnn n i o 

MeeMerond a Jdnsen; CAdsK DeLudo 
0) mid RDmoea W-Meelder, 31. CPkky; 0- 
1. HRs-4ebeaPiymmiei),EadwC9. 

PtaBadekMe ON ON oao-4 3 0 

CkdooH 213 im 031^10 12 1 

SdiNng, Rulleeni (5). MknN (6). a 
Hants (8) end Poten t Sdnurefe. O e Un de (6). 
SHOW ai. Braimey (9) and T au bei iie a 
W— Sdnurak, l-l l— S ddNn, 3-1 
HRs-Ondmotl H. Monk (1). tern (I), 
TeubensM (1). semurek (1). 

HewYM mo ON NO-1 4 2 

Mantiael 010 051 013-4 It 1 

MDdd. Bahimen (5). Manuel (7). 
MeMidnel <91 and Hundley A.Qistllle (8); 
PJJMeiiftie& Don! (B) end Fkidiet. W— P. 
JJWertkWZ, 34. L— MHcM, 0-1 

H Rs M on taa ol LHn3fcifl(l). n et U iei (2). 
CekraN ON 3N ilO-4 7 0 

SLLoek ON ON mi-4 i 2 

Swtib Holime (7). B. RuRIn (9) and 
Monwolno! Montb P aMew i ek •• Cft. 

BokMar (9) and LompUn. W-4wHl S-1, 
L-Monta 0-1 . Rufltai O. 

POkbingli 3m IN 100-4 U 1 

OricoN BIB 3B1 1I3<4 14 0 

Cooka M. wUktan (4). Ruebd (A. LokeBe 
(A. RtaiCDn D) cmd Mndak Franks 
Sotlenikid (11, Talk (4). T. Adams (SL 
WencMI (7), P u ttei so n 0), Rdos (9) and 
Servok. W— Potlenoiv 1*l> L-RtaHoii, 2-1 
Sv-4flfa (11. HR-Chloiga Sandbeig CD. 
Son Dkga ON IN BN 1^ 9 2 

Atlonte ON IN ON 34 I 0 

(10 lMdnoS):Axlibyi Bedilbr (9). HoAnan 
LAptz. EdSLPsraz (ICO. w-wsMen, 1-0. 
L-4Mbn«. 0-1. HR-4tlanta A. Jena C2). 
SNPRmdsa ON ON 000-4 4 0 

HiOSlN ON ON 000-4 2 1 

Esks end R. Wilkins; Holt R. Sptlnom (9) 
and EuNblk Ausma (9). W— Eski 44. 

LaAngela ON 2m 009-4 9 1 

Plarida nS9 la khbJ IS S 

LVoldes, HOB (4), DnHoit (9. Guthrk (7). 
Rndluky (A and PkBks AArnmideb Conk 
(A, Hiillan (A, PowN (8) and CJdMkon. 
W-A. Pemondaz. 32. L-l. Veldos, 1-1 
HRs-LN Angdes. Korns CD. Hoitda, 1 
Johnson (2). Confen (4. 

Jamnrm Lcaques 





































Miolnal -0 B 0-4 

NowJanoy 1 1 S-4 

FM Period: IU.-De« 1 (Skvem, 
Sykon) Seeend Period! NJ.4leBk 2 
(Odskln, MocLcan) taD.TWrd PerkMh N JU 
ModLam 3 (CorpadBn Oioniben) (slO. 4 
NXOdeleBi 2 (OvnibenL Gkoouri (pp). 
Shots M g«* M- 44-14-44. lUf 19-13- 
17-49. GeoBes; Nt-Theedonu NJ4indeur. 

(New Jsiser wlN seilM 4*1) 
PIlkbMNi 3 1 0-4 

Ptakidriphk 3 2 1-4 

nrst Period: P-Undn» 3 (Ronbarg, 
NBrimoe). % P-Hotdisr 1 Uogr. LendouO 
(pp). 1 P-Lomkux 3 Cloob Fnnds) 4 P-, 
BitanfAnoiir 1 (eh). & P-BitndWnMur 3 
(Oykhuk) kh). saeoid Perieft P-Ronds 1 
CJogr, Otawoen) (pp). 7, P-LoO* 4 
(Nfednae, Swbedo} 1 P-tOoir 2 
(Desloiilns} TIM Pirfsds P-Roipol 1 
(Biftid'Ainour, UndraA (kd. Stek m god: 
P- 64^1 P- ia-19-8-41 Gariks: P- 
Wiegget P4now. 


1 2 1-4 
CtatCON 3 • 0-4 

Riri Period: CCamey 1 (Shonll) Z C-> 
Suterl (Snv4AtmnWlCAniBnle4Bdi). 
4 CMdel KerbiO (pp)- Seeend Peried: C- 
Kemenslqr 4 (Lemkm. VtaBA. 4 C«eldc 3 
(DeadnnriO TIM Period: GKooienriv 5 
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, 96-84 

Houston Seeks Sweep as Series Shifts to Minnesota 


!> » i 

is just to win the ssme." 

Mit^eU' ■ 




■ a. behind with a forearm as WaKs drove 
^ Tlie Ho usteP R ockete took over m the for a iay-up.'nie two exchanged words 
finri and bad to be separated by t^naies. 

„‘T don't have^WoS with Sam.” 

- ^ sot heated. My focus. 

pomf5,led.TOcIosiog rally fEK-ffousttm was--* ' ’ ” 

on Saimd^ aij^ Ine Rockets lead ^ 
best'Kif-fivo-game sedes, 2-0, sasd could 
sweqp Mhmeo^ adtfa a vicaoiy in 
; Game 3 Tbesdayatftfinneiqpotlis, where 
the Thnlxswolves will coonnue to pur- 
sue iheir.fiisc playoff vicUny ever. . 

*‘Ev«ypD6Stt8ioa a war,” said 
l^akeem Olajuwoo, the Rockets’ star 
oeoKT. “It was aa intense game fiom 
beginning to end. You have to ^e them 
a 1^ of ciedic Th^ have a lot of adtietic 
and they togefoer.” 

, The 'nmb«woIv« Im for the final 
tone, 79^78, 6h a 3-pcHDt basket by 
Stqthon Mafouxy widi3:i7 to {day. But 
affee throw and thtee-pomt by 
Mario EHe gave Honstem an 82-79 lead 


< After a bwwt Olajnwcxi two 

^se . throw by £he, Barkis stretched 
Ibel6adto89-81 vrithahastoandafree 
$irow. Clyde Drexlerseal^thevkioiy 
widi a 3-poin^ 1:12 to go. 

' Etaii^ also had IS rebMnds aid 
• OhgowTO .fimsbed with 18 pmnts and 
lOiebou^ Marbory led me Timber- 
jwrfvK with 22 points, and Tewn flnglt- 
etiahadn. . ^ 

^-. *'Wheo th^ made runs at ns, we 
panicked, batwlien we runs at 

ftein, t^ just retaliated even more,” 

Ouglic^ raid. “We did a good job 
0 M%. We hurt ourselves down the 
stretch, tfapo^" 

* The game tnroed rou^ in foe fbmth 
quatter, vtfoidi bram wm foe Rockes 
leatSng, 66-65, after six lead 
4nd two ties. 

, Sam hfitdiril was caDed for a flag- 
^anfocil andejectad wifo 9:25 1^ in foe 
game ftdlowmg a cmifiontatimt with 
WilKs-Mtcfaell hft WBlis from 

had ofoer ideas. *TH meet 
him in foe hall, on foe court in the 


paddng lot,” Mitchell said. ”l'm not 
going to be a ponciiiiig bag. *’ 

The Timberwolves scratched out a 
43-41 halftime lead, but the third quarter 
heated up with bcab sides maWng runs 
before foie Rockets ed^ back iiito a 66- 
65 lead at foe end of foe period. 

JaB 10S, ci »p» f« 99 fo Sah Lake 
City, Kali Malome scored 39 points and 
John Stodeton had 18 as Utah held off 
foe Los Angdes cuppers to take a ^ 
first-Toiind idayoff leal 

It took -aU cf l^tahme's points to de- 
feat foe pesky Qippas, ufoo bad lost 
Game 1, 106-86. 

* T th^ that people foou^ we were 
just going to kill them every time, bm 
forae gitys.came in wifo a good game 
play/ ^Malone said. Jeff Hotnacek^d 
AtMoineCafT added 11 poinisrqpiecefor 
the Jazz. . 

Malooe, who hit 12 of 25 shots, also 
rediscovered his ftee-tfarow shooting.' 
He had made just <me of six in & 
opener Thursday, and be was IS ^ 19 
in foe Game 2 parade to foe foul line. 
Malooe also po^ down 11 rebounds. 

28-10, taking a 75-73 lead. Utah then 
went on an 1 1-2 run to take an 84-77 
lead a foe end of the period. 

' The Clippers closed to within three 
points but could get no closer. 

Kiildu 100 , Homels M The New 
York Koicks wifostood 39 pmnts from 
Glen Rice and held the injury-depleted 
Hornets without a field goal for more 
than 8!f& minutes of the fourth quarter in 
New Yoric. . 

It gave New Ycxk a 2-0 lead in the 
best-of-5 series, w^di moves to Qiv- 
lotte for Game 3 on M<nday ni^L 
“We're beating ouiselves,” said 
Rice, who had only six points in foe final 
12 mhuites. ‘*We made a lot of mistakes 
on the offensive end, we didn't take care 
tile ball and we didn't play as ag- 
gressive as we're capable of 1^ in the 

P^ck led New York with 30 

pointe on lS-for-21 shooting with six 
rebounds and three blocks. Chris Chiids 
added 17 pohits, including three stiai^t 
junqiers late in foe femm quarter 

ti> go wifo a steal and a blocked foot 

Stodaon had just four assists Sat- 
urday after doling out 17 in Game l,but 
made^ftn-itby faitting7of 11 shots, 
inclodi^ 2 for 4 ftom 3^x»nt raqge. 

Lorenren Wright had 17 points and 
Dsnidc Martin had 16 to lead the 

TraiUng by 16 eitriy in the dtiid 
quarter, the dippers outscored the Jazz, 

attempts and accuzacy. 
The Kmcks had just 13 free throws ara 
made only five. Rice, on his own, was 
.15 for 17 from the line as Cfaariotte 
made 24 (rf 3 1 free thro ws. 

Rice scored 10 points in each of the 
first two quarters and 13 in the third to 
give the Hornets to an 81-79 lead en- 
tering the fourth. 

But dot's when everything st^E^d 
working for Charlotte. 

After Anthony Mason gave Charlotte 
an 83-81 leadutifo UKrolefttbe Hot- 
nets committed six turnovers and 
missed all their field goal attempts until 
Rice scored on a jumper with £28 left. 
Tbe Knicks look advantage during the 
slump and outscored Chariotte 17-b for 
a 98^9 lead. Childs had three the 
biggest baskets late in that stretch. 

Heat Rout 
Magic Again, 
For 2-0 Lead 

Thg Associotfd Press 

MIAMI — A pattern is develc^ing. 
The Miami Heal, who routed the Or- 
lando M^c in Came 1, won another 
blowout in Game 2 on Sunday. 

As an encore to their 35-poim victoiy 
Thursday, the Heat beat Orlando, 104- 
87. for a 2-0 lead in the first-round 

pl^ff series. 

Tim Fihn^ao/nt^ Iraf iVria 

The Wolves' Kevin Garnett, left, losing a rebound to Charles Barkley. 

Alomar Ends Drought With 3 Homers as Orioles Rout Red Sox 

' . The Orioles’ Roberto Alomar fandee 
out of bis eaiiy-season slunrp wifo thrw 
home nms against tite Bostem Red S(^ 
Alomar went 4 for 4 wifo a career4ngh 
^ runs baaed in, and Bahbnore, play- 
ing at home;, bem Boston 14-5. 

Alomar, wlm had been botiiaed since 
quing ttaiiimg'with a sf^ained azdcle. 



entered die game with a .205 average 
and miieTtits and did not have an cjXn- ' 
base Idem 12 games tins season. 

A day aftm two other American 
League butters — QesvelatMTsMattWiI- 
liams and Seattle’s Ken Griffi^ Jr. — ' 
each hit three home runs, Alomar led a 
juEE^g Orioles' lineup. 

Toe first four Baltimore batters — 
Brady Anderaon, Alranar, Eric Davis 
and Rafael Palmeiro — had 12hits in 19 
at-bats and fear home nms and 1 1 RBL 
Davis's hotner was his tinrd of the sear- 

The Orioles' pitcher, Emmy Key (4- 
0), who gave baefc-to-b^ b(^ 
runs in . the first mning, {ntched six in- 
nings for the victosy. 

var*w>io,iihif SoxzCecaFidder 
broke the loqg^ home-run dzougbt ^ 
his career in his final swing as New 
Ymi: routed visiting Chicago. 

Holder, foe major le^ue's active 
leader in home runs and nms batted in, 
had bera hitting just .189 ctMning into 
the game. He hit a single in the first 
iimm g and followed that with two 
doubles in Ms next two-at-bats. Then, OD 
his 99th at-bat of die year, he tfo that 
ehisive fiist benne nm, tucking a Ca^ 
Castillo pitch inside the left-field fool 
pole in the bottom of the eighth mtb. two 

Browers 9^ iwWiWn B In Mlwaukee, 
Williams tionuued twice to match a 
major league recoid with five Ixazieis in 
two game^ but tiie Brewezs rallied for 
three runs m the ninifa'ofr Jose Mera. 

Jeff Hn&m's nm-scoring single off 
Mesa capped Mnwankee's rally and 

spoiled Williams’s second-straight 
multihomer game. 

ita nge ro B, IMm 1 In Minneapolis. 
Bobby Witt beat hEnnesota for the sixth 
straight time and Texas won its fourth 
stad^L WiQ took a two-hit shutout Into 
tiie sn^ but Rich Becker spoiled it with 
an insid^foe-park. home run that OanKMi 
Buford in center field lost in the lights. 

Tijroro a, Anouls 0 hi Anaheim, CaU- 
fennia. the roolde Brian Moehler 
pitched a two-hitter fca bis first shutout 
and complete game. 

Moduer- sutrenttered only Luis 
Alicea's double in the first and anmher 
dcKible to Jim Ettaoods in the fourth to 
win bis second consecutive start. The 
right-hander stxuck. out two, didn't al- 
low a walk, and got 14 groundouts. 

Damian Easley and Travis Fiyman 
bomered for the Tigers. 

AthirokMi 7, itoy^ B In Oakland. 
Mimh WiUiaim threw a bases-loaded 
wild pitch with two outs in the 2 1th 
Timing to ctm Oakland’s fbur-nm rally. 

The Royw bad taken a 6-3 lead in the 

top of foe Ilth on Bip Roberts’s nm- 
setning double and Jay Bell's two-run 
homer. But tte Atiiletics got a two-run 
homer by Jason Giambi and a solo shot 
by Malt Stairs, t^dng it at 6-6 with one 
out Wilhams relieved and walked Da- 
mon Mashore and gave up an infield 
single to Rafael Boumigal. 

Mark McGwire, \rii6 earlier hit his 
nimh home run, was intentionally walked 
to load the bases and bring up Jose Can- 
seco, who fell behind 0-2 in foe oount 
Williams then threw a pitch over the head 

of catcher Mike Sweeney, who managed 
to get his mitt on the bril but could not 
prevent it ftom rolling to the backstop. 

Blue Jays Bia riro re 3 In TOTOOtO, 
Joe Carter singled home foe winning run 
wifo two outs in the bottom of the ninth 
inning, lifting the Tonmto Blue Jays 
over Seattle. 

Ken Griffey Jr., who hit three homers 
Friday night, has 30 nms batted in. one 
shy of Carter’s AL record for April and 
ttivo short of Barry Bonds’s major 
league mark. (AP, WP, WT) 

le Heat, who have never advanced 
to the second round of thc^layoffs, will 
try to clinch the best-of-5 series Tues- 
day m Orlando. 

A 22-3 run at the start of the second 
period gave the Heat a 42-21 lead. They 
outscored Orlando, 36-13, in foe 
ouarter, hitting 13 of 19 shots, toid led 
o6-31 at halftime. The margin reached 
32 points in foe third period. 

Miami again won wifo defense and 
balanced scoring, hurting Orlando in- 
side, from the perimeter and in tran- 
sition. *rhe Heat shot 53 percent and 
sank 9-of-23 3-poimers. They conver- 
ted 16 Magic turnovers into 24 points. 

Tim Hardaway had 20 points and 1 1 
assists for foe Heat, and PJ. Brown 
scored 1 1 consecutive Miami points in 
foe first half, finishing with 17. Alonzo 
Mourning also had 17. All 12 Heat 
players have scored in foe series. 

Penny Hardaway scored 26 points for 
the Magic, but Rony Seikaly bad just 10 
points and four rebounds. &ikaly, who 
averaged 1 73 points per game during 
the regular season, has just 17 points in 
two playoff games. 

Onarao again played without its 
power forward Horace Grant, who was 
sidelined because of a sprained right 

The M^ic took foeir first lead of the 
series at 11-9. Shortly after, Derek 
Strong's basket made the score 18 all. 
But foe Magic inanaged just one field 
goal in foe next six minutes. 

Orlando’s comeback chances appeal 
slim. Teams have overcome a 2-0 deficit 
in a best-of-5 series just five times. The 
most recent was Denver against Seattle 
in 1994. V^at is more, the Magic have 
been swept every time th^’ve lost the 
first game in a playoff series. 

The Magic made one change in their 
starting lineim, wifo Dennis Sroti being 
replaced by Brian Shaw. Scott came off 
the bench only four times during foe 
regular season, starting the rest the 
time. Orlando has lost five consecutive 
games, including the final three of the 
regular season. 

Brown received the J. Waller 
Kennedy Citizenship Award at half- 
time. The league honor was in recog- 
nition of his charily work. 

ON iFUffO. 

Expos’ Martinez Humbles Mets, 8-1 

Right-Hander AUenes 4 Bits and Strikes Out 10 in 7- bming Stint 



tj owaqrnM iropielB 

• Pedro Martinez sfarugg^ 
IjjH a minor sirnn below ins 
left bip and stifled the Mets, 
8-L allowing only four hits 
m seven imiiiigs, striking out 
10 and geaerally humbling 
Bobby Valeotme's team. 

ValeotiDe had hiS 

Izneiq) with left-handed bat- 
ters to go against the Mon- 
treal Eiqios* hard-tinowing 

“This has notiin^ to do 
udifa the feet tiiat ri^- 

haniien h»w tym hifg y wiingt 

Martinez this year.'' Val- 
entiiie said. “Ttine’s no co^ 
inddeiice there. None at alL” 

But it was tiiepncfaer Dave 
Mlid^ ballin g right-handed, 
who gave die Mets an early 
Irad. He readied, out and 
poked a fasthell tiirougb the 
ri ght side of the infield. 

Martinez rqjeaiiedly set up 
hitters with cfaangei^ rink- 
ing low and away, tiien fin- 
ished them <^wifo hi^ fast- 
balls. He allowed only one bit 
qver bis last five innings, im- 
proving lus fifetime lecttd 
against die Mtets to 10-0. 
BravM 3, S In At- 

Andruw Jones fait a 
two-nm homer off Trevor 
HcriSnan in the bottom of die 
lOdi rogiire Atlanta victory. 

The Padres had taken a 2-1 
ia the 10th off Mark 
Wohlers on a two-out walk to 

Rickey Henderson and a 
double by Quilvio Veras. 

MurifTT 8, Podgere 3 Jeff 
Conine and Charles Johnson 
hit home runs, as Horida beat 
Los Angeles. 

• Eric Karros hit a two-nm 
homer off Alex Pcniandez in 
foe fourth inning , polling the 
Dodgers widizn 4-Z 

In the sixdi, Karros ap- 
peered to tie foe rame wifo 
another two-run raot, but it 
was ruled a ground rule 
altfamiffl repisy^ 
showed die ball had cleared 

0iaBts8»AsbroB fo HoUS- 

Some of the giants of wo^ foo^stf 
tfie ‘European all Stais^ la^ <»> ^le 
Stoichkov overcome lfeHfai8ofei.awdl=‘j 


28 April, The European 
All Stars v The Rest 
of the World 

Johan Cruyff, di Stefano and 
Socrates pick the teems 

Ice Hockey 

28 April • 14 MaK 
LIVE, The WorM 
(Eiamptonditp, Helsinki 
Finland host to the best 
teams in the world 

MuyBrtba/Tte/hwt a ledftat 

Colorado’s Kirt Manwaring nang his arm to spmL Royce Clayton’s throw to first. 

ton, Shawn Estes pitehed a 
two-hitter for his mst major 
jwa mie shutout aod comjdete 
game. Estes (^) took a no- 
mttCT into die sixdi before Pat 

LJst^ off by legging out 
an infield single. 

Tony Eusebio got the As- 
tros’ odMs- 1^ a two-out 
single in die eig^ifo. 

ICoeldea 4, Caraaela 2 Bill 

Swift pitched six scmless 
inningg and Dancc Bufoette 
drove in three runs as Col- 
orado exteided its ieam-ict> 
oitl road winning streak to 

28-53 away 
from home last season, has 
not test a poad game since 
April 2. , . - 

Swift, who had not Started 
in 11 days because of a slight 
tear in a chest muscle, al- 

tewed the Cardinals just two 
hits and two walks while 
striloDg out two. It was 
Swift's fbmtfa start, one more 
ffum he all Iwgr year 
ciimati, Pete Schourdc hh his 
second caree r homer- and 
mdeed up the victory as die 
Reds snap^ a fi^game 

Stfooutek hit one of diree 
hornets off Curt Schfflidg as 
the Reds puDed ahead o-O, 
fow big^t lead smee (^lea- 
ing day. The left-bander then 
had on for five innings to get 
his first victoy since May 8. 

Rubra Sierra hit a dnee- 
jun homer his firat wifo 
the Reds — in the eighth in- 
Bing as dheinnati rolled to 
its biggest run total since 
opeiung day. Ha] Morris and 

Eddie Taubensee added two- 
run hornets. 

Cite'7, Pintos e Sammy 
Sosa's bloop sugle tooke an 
fti ghtfi - rnninp de as Chicago 
beat visiting nttsburgh. 

Brian ^Rae opened die 
eighth with a single off Ri- 
cardo Rincon aim reached 
second on Dora GlanviDe's 
sacrifice, wifo Glanville safe 
on an error. Mark Grace sac- 
rificed, advancing both nm- 
ners, and Sosa singled. 

Earlier, Ryne Sandberg hit 
his 267fo eareer-home run as 
a second baseman to break 
Hall of Famer Joe Morgan’s 
record for most career home 
runs at foai position. 

It was the 272nd homer of 
Sandberg's care^. The firat 
five came, while he was play- 
ing third base. 

ICE HOCKEY Undros Retires Lemieux p. 1 6 SOCCER Loko Strikes p. 1 6 BASKE¥BALL Rockets Stop Wolves p- 1 7 

^ KeralK^S^rUmne. 


PAGE 18 

MONDAY^ APRIL 28, 19* 

World Roundup 

James Wins Plajoff 

OOLF Mark James beat Gr^ 
Nonnan on Sunday in a tense 
playoff at the Spanish Open in 
MaMd. But second place was 
enough to insure that Nonnan will 
regain first place in the world 
rankings, which he lost last week 
to Tom Lehmann. 

James, 43, won at the diird hole 
of a play-off when Norman, hav- 
ing made a 20-footer to force sud- 
den death and then a 10-footer to 
it alive, bogeyed the short 


It was the first victory in two 
years for James, who three-putted 
the final green to allow Norman to 
force a playofil Both ended on 
277, 11 undtf par. James shot a 69 
in tte final round; Norman a 70. 
Jarmo Sandelin and Eduardo 
Romero were a joint third at 
278. {AFP) 

• Brad Faxon shot a third-round 
65 at the Greater Greensboro 
Chrysler C^ic to tie Tom Kite 
for the lead. Bodi were 14-underat 
202. Kite shot a 4-under par back 
nine and a round of 67. {AP) 

Riis Takes Classic 

CYCLING BJame Riis, the Tour 
de iimice diampion. won the Am- 
steJ Gold World Cup race, the first 
one-day classic victory of his ca- 
reer, after a 3S-kii^eter ^23 
miles) solo break. 

Tbe Dane finished 46 seconds 
ahead of second-place Andrea 
Tafi. who edged Brat Zb^ into 
third place in the final sprint. 

Riis attar If ftri just after chan- 
ging a wheel widi a broken spoke 
because, he said, his rivals vt^d 
not be expecting such a move. 

“If you dorTt take risks you 
don’t win," he said. *T was feel- 

ing good so why not?” 

\ only nervous moment came 
when be had to put a foot down as 
he skidded across the 
copies of a sharp curve on t& last 
descent (Reuters) 

Foreman Has to Woik 

BOXING George Fmeman beat 
Lou Savaiese on a split decision 
over 12 rounds in Atlantic Ciw. 

Foreman, 48. took charge of tile 
second half of tire fight Satoid^ 
with punishing left and left 
hooks against Savaiese, 31. who 
battled tbe fcxmer heavyweight 
cbam|H<») every step of tbe way. 

Foreman landed some tremen- 
dous shots to the head, but had to 
settle for only his eighth victory on 
points in 80 fights. 

“Tonight I had to box,” the 
253-pound Foreman said. *T 
don’t like to box with these guys. I 
like knockouts.” {AP) 

Johnson Shows Speed 

AIHLETICS Nearly nine months 
after setting the wc^d rec<^ in 
the 200 meters at the Atlanta 
Olymjncs, Michael Jtdmson ran 
his first 200 of 1997 in the Drake 
Relays m Iowa and recorded fhe 
festest time in the world this 

Johnson ran 20.05 seconds Sat- 
urday. beating Ato Boldon’s time 
of 20.09 earlier in tiie yeas.{AP) 

Pakistan Goes Slowly 

CRICKET Pakistan was tied 
down by some accurate bowling 
ly Sri Lanka MI Sunday and added 
only 33 mas after tea befne play 
was called off due to poor light on 
die second day of tbe second and 
filial test in Colombo. 

Inzamam-ul Haq and Asif 
Mujtaba kept their wickets but the 
score movra slowly before play 
was halted with Pakistan on 146 
runs for four wickets in reply to Sri 
Lanka’s first-innings total of 

Inzamamhad43 in 167 minutes 
while Mujtaba battled throu^ 
138 minutes for his 32. {Rogers) 

Rising Chilean Star Ends Spam’s Reign on Clay 

By Chiistoptacr Qaiey 


MONTE CARLO — The winner, as usual on 
cl^this year, was a Spanish apeaker. 

The {tifference cm Sunday be wind gustily 
through the Moite Cario Coimny Qub and a half 
century’s woitii of cbamjrions w^ching ftxmi die 
stands was tiiat this Spanish qieaker was no Span- 

Maicelo Rios is ftom Chile, and for tbe mooKnt, 

f^ilftang are tbanlrftil- 

* Tt*s a mob scene there,” said Rios’s ooadi, Lany 

Stefimlci a mob scene, and tbe kid hasn’t won 

a in^or. If be does, he’ll probably walk on water, but 
I told him until he does, it doesn’t matter.” 

After his 6-4, 6-3, 6-3 victory Sunday over Alex 
Correia of Spain, Rios has at least won a significant 
title. The Monte Cario Open is arguably the most 
prestigious clay-couit event after be Fieodi Open 
(German Opra and Italian Open pr o m oter s are free 
to argue), and anyone who needed reminding of its 
rich tra^on only had to glance at be center court 
Sunday afternoon. 

As part of the Monte Cario Open centenary 
celebi&oo, many of the mevioos winners were 
flown in, or in die case of Monaco resident Bjom 
Borg, sinqiiy invited to the tournament Tbev 
walkni one by one onto be red day before the finw 
Hxst tbe 1947 cfaanmion, Lennart Becgelin of 
Sweden, and finally tw 1996 champion, Tliomas 
Muster of Austria, wib everyone from die Amer- 
ican stylist Budre Patty to the Italian tactidan 
Mcola I^etrangen to be injured Russian Andrei 
Chesnokov in between. 

To a player well-versed in the history of the sport 
like Corretja, the dieerfiil Barcelonan, it could have 
bera an inspirational inMneot But lUos claims to 
have never paid attention to John McEnroe of tiie 
United States, die Soob American hero Guillenno 
Vilas or any other intemaiional twmiiig icons when 
he was growing up in an affluent family in San- 

ate grtarirnip Eroimdstroki6is who anticipsic weU; 

tag^SlS^and take 

wife their forehands and two-handed backh«^ . 
But for Siefankt Rios is more reminiscent of his 

to |»y has M W 
louciJ^Stefanki said. “He s ncrt a sheer ww« 

player, and he’s more comfortable m no-man s-W 

and around the net than Agassi.’ , _ , . 

Where he is not more comfortable is aoo^ the 
fourb estate. WltiJe Agassi hra a gift of gab ^ 
self-analysis, Rios — at least m — is me 

portrait of reticence. He arrives m be intervi^ 
TC^ wib hisarms folded defenshrdy and reqiaids 

enidgingly. . 

One reason for his reluctance may be that hU 
every comment is dissected at home. Aly, ^raily m 
his career, he was sued for defamidon of cbaiaci& 
by die former president of the Chilean tennis fed- 
eiatiMi, re portedly for suggesting that he was in- 
volved wib die mafia. (Rios won the lawsuit, and 
the ofRt^al was ia»gf baired from holding any fur- 
ther sports posts in Chile.) , 

“I just bink he’s not comfortable expressu^ his 
feelings.” Stefanld said. “On court he’s so com- 
fortable bat be feels bat should speak for itrelfi To 
direct questions, te’s not very hoc he is wib 
his good ftieods. Wib me, it's no problem, bitthe'-s 
goiim to have to leam.” - s 

What Rios does not need to learn is how to find 
ti ght angles wib his groundstrokes. He k^ 
retjg consistently on die defenrive, and die Spaniard 
was not helped by tbe swirling wind tiiat play^ 
tricks whh nis hi gh service toss and his foidiand, 
which he hits wib a looping backswing. 

The most exciting game was be last zn idtich 
Corretja saved four matrfi points. But n l ti ina tely , 
after inctories by Conetja in EstoriL Puttigai, and 
Albert Cc^ in Bar^ona. day-court dominanaei^ 
Spain came to a temporary end. 

Now, dl Rios has to do is win die French Open 
and walk on water. 

ideal .• 


Hntng/.tjgeBn Fraara-hna« 

Marcelo Rios of Chile returnii^ the ball to Ales Corretja of Spain <ni Sunday in Mcmaco. 

T didn't follow mudi tuiius,” he said. *T didn’t 
follow tills tournament I knew about this tour- 
nament when I started ph^ing.” 

Rios started playing be circuit in 1994 after 
finishing atop t& worid junior rankiDgs. That ao. 
CMnplisbment alixie made him a star at home, and 
last May, be became be first Chilean to break inm 
the top 10. His countryman Hans GiidemeistBr 
reached No. 12, but no higher, in 1980. Albough 
Rios fei^ having no tenr^ role models, bettering 
GUdemMster's rankmg was one of lus goals 
when he began watidng wib Stefanki in 1995. 

Rios often has been cranpaied to Andre Agassi, 
and despite the feet that tiie Qiileao is left-handed, 
die comparison is appropriate. Bob are undo' 6 feet 
(1.83 meters) and are slightly built; bob rose to 
stardMD sporting iMig hair and ugly clothing (blade 
sodes in ftios’s case) and r^iutations as rebels. Bob 

■ Gpelzar 'Wins Budapest Final 

Amanda Coetzer of Soub Aftica beat Baluzus 
Appelmans of Belgium in strai^it sets Sondi^ in 
the final of the Budapest Open women’s teur- 

2* '*■ 

Coetzer played a consistent baseline game to win, 
6-1, 6-3, in one hour seven minutes. 

Appelmans struggled wib an erratic serve and 
bou^ be managed a scattering of aces, Coetzer’s 
powers returns prevented tiie Belgian ftom usiog 
her height advantage. 

• Jason.Stoltenb^ of Australia made a pair of 
critical double faults to let MQcfaael Chang off tbe 
hook in the se mifinal of the U.S. Men’s Qay (3oart 
Chanqiionships in Orlando, Florida. 

Chwg took advantage of Stoltenberg's mistakes 
Saturday to win the semifinal, 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, and 
advanced tt> tiie final to fece Grant Stafford. 


I — 

a:. ' 


neti ii 



Frentzen Wins At Last, 
Just Beats Schumacher 

Good Day for Germans at San Marino 


IMOLA, Italy — Heinz-Harald 
Fienteen gained his first Formula One 
victc^ Sunday when he held off a fel- 
low German, Michael Schumacher, to 
win tte San Marino (jrand Prix. 

Frentzen’s victonr in his S2d Grand 
Prix ^ve him his first points since he 
was signed by be Williams team in 
place of l^moD Hill, the world cham- 

Frentzen finished just 1.2 seconds 
ahead Schumacher, who was driving a 
Feiiari on the team’s home cucuit Ihe 
ober Ferrari driver, Eddie Irvine of 
Northern Ireland, was third, one minute, 
18 J secMids behind the winner. 

ft was tiie first time Germans had 
taken fim and second in a Formula One 


Frentzen had come under increasing 
criticism after failing to place among the 
top drivers in the openi^ three races of 
be season despite driving what is con- 
sider^ the b^ car on be circuit 

The victo^ put him in third in die title 
ice wib l(j points, b 

race wim lu points, behind his team- 
mate, Jacques ViUeueuve of Canada, 
who has 20 points, and Schumacher, 
wib 14. 

ViUeneuve, who led be mening 26 
laps after starting from his fcNirb suc- 
cessive pole position, lost be lead dur- 
ing be openmg pit stops. He was third 
when tr ansmissi on trouble prevented 

him re-entering tiw race after his second 
pit stop. 

Giancailo I^ichella of Italy finishari 
fourth in a Jordan. Jean Alesi of France 
was fifth in a Benetton, and Mika 
Hakkinen of Hnland took sixb in a 

ViUeneuve. winner of tiie [aevious 
two races, bob in Soub America, start- 
ed the race wib a perfect getaway fttmi 
the grid on a drying circuit after a moni- 
inp of showers had foUowed ovemi^ 

Schumacher also made a strong start 
and muscled his way past Frentzen, but 
ViUeneuve looked in conmiand 
over the cqiening as he reeled off a 
series of fastest lap times. 

Gerhard Berger of Austria exited 
from his 200b Gran Prix when his Be- 
netton spun off on the fifth lap at Acque 

Frentzen continued to battle to find a 
way part Schumacher for second place, 
but ftvine moved up tiie field when he 
overtook the Frenchman OUvier Fanis’s 
Prost at Piratella on lap 18. 

There followed a fistic shuffliim of 
positions as Ralf Schumacher of Ger- 
many coasted into the pits to retire in his 
Joidsm and Johnny Herbert of Britain, 
who had run powerfuUy in fifth in a 
Sauber foUowing a b rillian t start from 
sevenb on the grid, went off on Iw 



T. ’■ 

: tf 

• .InAiiiii 

Damon Hfll exiling his Arrow after coliiding with Shiqji Nakano on Smday. He diw a ang y pi Mied 

ViUeneuve remained ahead of the 
field but when the pit stem began — 

wib Schumacher fiirt in after lap 24 

Fentzen seized his chance and emerg ed 
in front of Schumacher and ViUeneuve. 

Fentzen managed to stay ahi^d of 
Schumacher bob times he came out 
from the pits after refueling and chan- 
ging tires. 

Schumacher, who trailed by neariy 
five seconds wib 15 1^ left, narrowed 
the gap in the final minutes of be race 
whra rrentzen sppeared certain to vrin 

and was no longerpushing as hard. 

Schumacher said hficola Laiini of 
Italy, who was driving a Sauber, had 
slowed him down and caused bbr> m 
brake hard. 

“This^meant 1 had to step and ^ 

because 1 had flat-spotted my tires, 

Frentzen coimleted the 30S.696-ki- 
lomrter (189.953-mile) distan«» jn ] 
hour, 3 1 irrinmes and 0.673 seconds. 

Bob Alesi and H^titidnra were 
by tbe wimier, who won ihore points in 

tiie race than he woraU last seasMi whra 
be raced wib Sauber-FonL 
ESU had another bad day. 

Because of electrical proUems'witii 
his Arrow he switdied to ancriher car 
ji^ before the race ai^ started from tire 
pit lane. As tried to his y/sy 
tiirough tbe field he collided wib dte 
ftort of Sfainji Nakano. After ^ race,' 
the race jury gave him a subtended dtte- 
lace ban after xnling tfwt the RTf tnn had 
been responsible for tiie crash. - ^ ' 
(AP, Reuters, AFP) 

Ever)' countrv’ has its own Access Number which 
makes calling hnm France and other countries really 
easy. Just dial tbe .AT&T Access Number for the country 
you're calling from and youTl get the fastest, clearest 
connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 
AT&T Calling Card. It'll help you avoid outrageous 
phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to 6o%* 
So please check the list for AT&T Access Numbers. 

Anrr Access Naabees 

IJust dial the ff&T Access Number 
Cor tbe cQuatry you are eallli^ bom 

3: Dial dw calling eaid monber iisied 
abm your name. 




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