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The Worlds Daily Newspaper 


R Paris, Monday, August 1 1, 1997 

o \\ 

No. 35,596 

Winds of Reform Swirl in China 

Political Talk Grows Bolder as Party Congress Nears 

• ^ X A 

By Steven Mufson 

'■ m Washington Post Service 

^BEIJING — Just two months before a key Communist 
Party congress, China s cautious president and party chief 
Ji^ig Zemin, appears to be veering toward economic 
reformers and tolerating the first talk of political reform 
since before the violent 1989 crackdown on protesters near 
Tiananmen Square. 

In a swipe at the dwindling ranks of Marxist ideologues 
the Communist Party mouthpiece, the People’s Daily ran a 
front-page editorial last week saying that “the words 
‘market- economy’ have been writ large on the flan of 
socialism for the first time.” 

The party newspaper denounced party members who 
favored a slowdown in market reforms and seemed to 
indicate that recent outbreaks of labor unrest around the 

country would not derail efforts to overhaul state en- 

“We ran a planned economy for more than 20 years and 
created the foundations of industrialization, but it was still an 
economyof scarcity and an economy of poverty.” the paper 
said. “Ahead is a new world. There is no way back." 


Meanwhile, for the first time since 1989, a handful of 
intellectuals who are not part of the dissident community 
have spoken openly about the need for political reform and 
advocated free elections and refereudums on important 
national issues. 

A Beijing University economics professor, Shang 
See CHINA, Page 4 

Stockholm Bomb’s Shock Travels Far 

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. ■■■- 1 

AJbel Anton and Martin Fiz of Spain entering the Panathiniakon Sta- 
dium in Athens, first and second in the World Championships marathon. 

Rivals for Olympics 
Feel Effect in Athens 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

ATHENS — So powerful was a small 
bomb detonated in Stockholm last week 
that it set off a chain reaction 1,500 
miles away in Athens, where officials of 
three European cities seemed to be us- 
ing the attack to propel their own cam- 
paigns to host the 2004 Olympic 

At times, the issues of the upcoming 
Olympic election dwarfed the IAAF 
World Championships, the 10-day track 
and field meet that ended Sunday with- 
out any world-record performances. 

With its field of 200 countries, more 
than were represented last summer at 
the Olympics, the World Champion- 
ships became something of an inter- 
national athletics convention. 

Athens used its first-class organiza- 
tion of these championships to promote 
its ability to host the 2004 Summer 
Olympics, which will be awarded to one 
erf five cities by a secret ballot of the 
International Olympic Committee on 
SepL 5 in Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Rome is favored to win the Olympic 
election. The city’s most controversial 
advocate is Primo Nebiolo, the pres- 
ident of die International Track and 
Field Federation, who tried to score 
points for Rome by criticizing the 
Athenian organizers this week. 

The other European contender, 
Stockholm, set out this weekend to dis- 
tance its Olympic bid from the spate of 
attacks on Swedish sports sites over the 
last four months. 

Since May, arsonists have attacked 
seven sports arenas in the Stockholm 

The home of former Prime Minister 
Ingvar Carlsson, a leading supporter of 
Sto ckh olm’s candidacy for the 2004 
Games, was attacked by an arsonist in 

See GAMES, Page 18 


Clinton Will Use 
Line-Item Veto 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — 
Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin 
said Sunday that President Bill 
Clinton would announce Monday 
which parts of the balanced-budget 
. package he would use his new Hne- 

» uem veto powers on. 

Mr. Rubin made his comments 
L oir NBC’s "This Week.” “Hell 

| use it on both the tax and the spend- 

; . ing side.” 

The line-item veto, a Republican 

initiative that Mr. Clinton strongly 
supported, is almost certain to face 
■ a court chall eng e after its first use. 

Guam Radar Flaw 

A software error crippled *n air- 
port radar system that might have 
prevented the crash of a Korean Air 
jet in G uam last week, U.S. in- 
vestigators said Sunday. Pago 2. 

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Kids Start to Pop Prozac 

As Sales Fall, Drug Firms Seek New Customers 

By Barbara Strauch 

jVfH 1 York Janes Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — The Long Island girl 
is nearly 15 years old and she has been 
fairing Prozac since she was 5. 

Before Prozac, she was a mess. She 
could not be left alone, even for 
minutes. Strangers terrified her, and she 
was obsessed by thoughts that her par- 
ents were dying or burglars were break- 
ing into her house. Conventional ther- 
apy failed, said the girl’s mother, who 
spoke on the condition that rite and her 
daughter not be identified. 

But after taking Prozac, the girl was 
transformed. Today, she is in her 
school’s honors program. 

In the decade the girl has taken Proz- 
ac _ now in its 10th year on the market 
and die most popular ana-depressant 
ever in the United States —the drug has 
not been approved for ch ^ aL ^°^ f 
depressant has ever been formally 
cleared for children or adolescents. 

But that could be about to dange. 
The drug company that makes Prozac, 

Jim HnOamJej/Reuirr* 

The U.S. envoy Dennis Ross facing the press Sunday after meeting with 
Prime Minister Netanyahu at the beginning of his Mideast peace mission. 

Holbrooke Is Blunt: 
Remove Karadzic Now 

By Edward Cody 

Washington Post Service 

BELGRADE — Senior U.S. en- 
voys have bluntly warned President 
Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia 
that President Bill Clinton’s admin- 
istration is prepared to arrest the Bos- 
nian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic 
unless he takes himself out of cir- 
culation voluntarily. 

The message — delivered by the 
former assistant secretary of state 
Richard Holbrooke and the admin- 
istration’s Bosnia point man, Robert 
Gelbard — reflected an assessment 
Chat Mr. Karadzic’s removal as a polit- 
ical force was essential to the success 
of tite troubled U.S.-led effort to bring 
a permanent peace to Bosnia. 

“I was exceedingly blunt about 
what could happen, and you can quote 
me oo that,” Mr. Holbrooke said. 

Official sources in Washington said 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion drafted plans several months ago 
for an operation to capture Mr. Karad- 



zic, should civilian authorities give 
the order. Under one approach being 
seriously considered. NATO troops 
would provide an outer ring of se- 
curity. while specially trained com- 
mandos would carry out the capture. 

Mr. Holbrooke, who engineered the 
November 1995 Dayton peace agree- 
ment on Bosnia, has. since returned to 
investment banking. But he suited up 
as a diplomat again for a four-day 
Balkan tour with Mr. Gelbard, seeking 
to put into practice a resolve by the 
Clinton administration to infuse the 
Bosnia mission with new energy be- 
fore the 1998 deadline for the with- 
drawal of U.S. peacekeeping troops. 

"I think we’ve picked up some 
steam,” Mr. Holbrooke said as he and 
Mr. Gelbard left Saturday at the end 
of a trip that took them first to Croatia, 
then to Bosnia and finally here to 
Yugoslavia, now composed of just 
Serbia and Montenegro. 

Agreements reached as the pair 

See BOSNIA, Page 6 

;< ■ • * ^ , ‘ 

Eli Lilly, has submitted data on the drug 
to the Food and Drug Administration in 
an effort to have it approved for chil- 
dren. The agency has asked for more 

Co mpani es that make similar new 
anti-depressants, most of which reg- 
ulate mood by adjusting the brain chem- 
ical serotonin, are gathering informa- 
tion and conducting pediatric studies in 
hopes of getting federal approval for use 
of their drugs on children. 

SmithKline Beecham is analyzing 
the results from two large studies of its 
drug, Paxil, on adolescents. Bristol-My- 
ers Squibb Co. is doing a trial of Serzone 
and American Home Products Corp. is 
testing Effexor. 

Approval by the Food and Drug Ad- 
ministration is, in fact, not necessary. 

Once the agency approves a drug for 
sale, doctors canprescribe it to anyone 
for any propose. So the new medications 
have quietly flowed into the children's 
market But the agency's approval of an 

See PROZAC, Page 13 

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Princess Diana, left, comforting a woman during a visit Sunday to a 
Sarajevo cemetery. Meanwhile, Diana’s love life heats up. Page 5. 

Size of Traffickers’ Profits Gives U.S. a Huge Target 

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— -MOO Lire Spam gfjjj 

Coast. 1250 CFA Tunisia 1250 

Jtian-,- J250 JD UAE--— 

Kuisaa 700 Fite U.S. NO- (&*•) 51 

By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Service 


business generai«,^s^^^^ t c# ^ I1 ] ttil)IBi the 

UUci'p^.- — “"B 

to Mary Lee Warren, a deputy assistant attorney 

“If a trafficking organization sells SI billion worth 
of illicit drugs on the streets of New York, it must 
contend with more than 256,000 pounds of illicit 
currency,” or about 116,000 kilograms, Ms. Warren 
cold Congress last month. “If we assume a conser- 
vative figure of $50 billion for all illicit drugs sold in the 
United States, the amount of illicit currency produced 
by those sales weighs almost 13 million pounds.” 

That cash must either be introduced into the legal 
financial system in the United States or shipped to less 
regulated markets. Because the money is extremely 
difficult to trace once it enters the financial system or 
leaves the country, Ms. Warren said, “our basic anti- 
money-laundering objective is currently to -identify 
and prevent the initial placement of the drug proceeds 

U.S. Envoy 
Runs Into 
In Mideast 

Amid Deep Mistrust, 
Ross Tries to Restore 
Security Framework 

By Douglas Jehl 

New York Times Service 

JERUSALEM — President Bill Clin- 
ton’s special envoy to the Middle East 
ran into fresh obstacles Sunday as be 
began a quest to restore what he called 
“the security underpinnings’ ’ of Israeli- 
Palesunian ties. 

The envoy, Dennis Ross, met sep- 
arately for hours with Israel’s prime min- 
ister, Benjamin Netanyahu, and Yasser 
Arafat, the Palestinian leader. But the two 
sides voiced very different views about 
just what the Ameri can envoy should be 

U.S. decided to speed talks. Page 9. 

trying to tackle, and each accused the 
oilier anew of acting in bad faith. 

With such mistrust threatening to 
shatter the Israeli-Palestinian partner- 
ship, Mr. Ross outlined a limited goal 
for his mission, saying that his primary 
purpose would be to restore cooperation 
on security issues, which be described 
as the basis of the effort to forge a 
broader peace. 

Israeli officials remain convinced 
that willful neglect, at least, on Mr. 
Arafat’s part contributed to last week’s 
suicide bombing in Jerusalem, and they 
said Sunday that the sole purpose of Mr. 
Ross’s mission should be to persuade 
the Palestinian authorities to crack 
down on Islamic militants. 

In a television interview, Mr. Netan- 
yahu said that Israel would ease none of 
the punitive measures it has imposed ou 
the Palestinians until it sees evidence of 
concrete action. 

But his Palestinian counterparts said 
that the talks should address their con- 
cerns as well, including the harshness of 
Israel's retaliation and die construction 
that began in March of new housing for 
Israelis in Arab-dominated Jerusalem. 
To them, it is that step that has con- 
stituted the most serious breach of faith. 

And the day also included a flurry of 
claims and counterclaims, with top Is- 
raeli officials casting doubt on Mr. Ara- 
fat's assertions that his forces have in- 
deed taken steps to crack down on 
potential terrorist violence. Mr. Arafat 
insisted Saturday that the Palestinian 
Authority was providing fin! assista n ce 
to the Israelis in their investigation into 
the July 30 bombing. 

But a top adviser to Mr. Netanyahu 
said that Israeli officials had told their 
American counterparts at a meeting 

See MIDEAST, Page 9 

Dollar Marks 
A Pause in Its 
Summer Climb 

. By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The showdown looming 
this week between apparently invincible 
market forces pushing the dollar higher 
and a determined German central bank 
seeking to arrest the Deutsche mark’s 
slide vanished Friday as the dollar sud- 
denly lost its glitter. • 

The dollar dropped against most oth- 
er major currencies, losing a hefty 3 
percent against the yen, to 114.83 yen, 
sparked by Japan’s burgeoning trade 
surplus report, and 1.3 percent versus 
the Deutsche mark, to 1.8455 DM. 

But it was the loss against the mark 
that was the most significant because, if 
sustained, it would free the Bundesbank 
from its veiled threat to defend the Ger- 
man currency. 

Analysts say that the dollar is ex- 
pected to pause for the rest of the sum- 
mer, unless U.S inflation data to be 
released Wednesday and Thursday are 
perceived as pointing to a rise in U.S. 
interest rates. 

They also expect the Bundesbank to 

into our financial systems." During the late 1970s and 
early 1980s, drug traffickers, dealing with far smaller 
volumes of cash, shipped it back home on the same 
airplanes and boats tost delivered the drugs. 

As business boomed and the traffickers became 

banking system and money exchange houses to ship 
money to home countries with a minimum of risk. 

The cri minal organizations also developed sophis- 
ticated strategies for laundering their money, or mak- 
ing it appear that the money was the result Of legitimate 
businesses, by creating hundreds of phony companies 
that allowed them to justify a huge cash flow. 

But law enforcement agencies increasingly have 
targeted the flow of money, adding new reporting 

See CASH, Page 6 

the dollar threatens to break above 1 ,90 

It was never certain that die German 
central bank would follow through on 
its threat to nudge up domestic interest 
rates this week. 

But it is widely assumed that such a 
move could create ripples: A rate in- 
crease carried the risk that it would he 
ineffective in stabilizing the mark — 
thereby damaging die credibility of the 
Bundesbank. A German move on in- 
terest rates could also ignite tensions 
with France, which cannot afford to 
raise its rates even though the franc 

See DOLLAR, Page 13 



Troublesome Refugees / A Democracy Peals With Imported Political Struggles 

Canada Tries to Balance Immigrants and Liberties 

By Howard Schneider 

Washington Post Service 

T ORONTO — In the taxonomy of global 
terrorism, Canada might seem like a bit 
player, a middle power with no sym- 
bolic value as a target, no colonial past 
to inspire vengeance and few controversial en- 
tanglements in the world. 

But on die streets of Toronto, an estimated 
several thousand members of the Tamil Tiger 
rebel group have taken temporary refuge from 
their rebellion against Sri Lanka, using Canada 
as a base to regroup and seek funds. In some 
neighborhoods, rival gangs, not directly linked 
to the Tigers but vicious nonetheless, have 
dueled in gun battles for control of the local 

In British Columbia, militant Sikhs press their 
cause for a separate state in India through local 
clashes with more moderate members of the 
religion and, in one notorious case, the 1985 
bombing of an Air-India jet. 

Canadian security officials say the radical 
Shiite Muslim group Hezbollah has an “in- 
frastructure ’ ' in Canada to harbor terrorists from 
abroad and possibly plan future attacks. And 
since the 1960s, Jewish and other groups have 
monitored, and complained about, the relatively 
comfortable lives mat Nazi war criminals, con- 
victed Palestinian terrorists and others have had 
in some of Canada's most innocuous middle- 
class neighborhoods. 

The country in modem times has opened its 
arms to the world, offering shelter to tens of 
thousands of refugees seeking protection under 
Unired Nations conventions, encouraging the 
immigration of skilled workers and investors 
and transforming the nation’s cities into a poly- 
glot mosaic. But in doing so, Canada also has 
imported the political struggles of those refugee 
and immigrant groups and. some security ana- 
lysts say, offered too passive a response. 

“We need to wise up in more general terms 
about the growing nature of the threat,” said 
Dave Harris, president of Insignis Strategic Re- 
search and the former director of strategic plan- 
ning for the Canadian Security Intelligence Ser- 
vice, Canada’s spy agency. 

“It all adds up to expanding networks, and it is 
the network nature of what is going on that is 
alarming,” Mr. Harris said, citing expatriate 
groups such as the Tamil Tigers trying to support 
a rebellion from abroad and organizations such 
as Hezbollah that see Canada as a gateway to the 
rest of North America. 

“You have organized channels and move- 
ment and infrastructure, and we are seeing ev- 
idence of the expansion of these things with the 
use of Canada as a base.” 

But Benoit Chiquette, a spokesman for the 
Canadian immigration service, said that 
whenever concern over terrorist activity in North 
America was raised, it had to be counterbalanced 
with concern for the civil liberties and rights that 
had made Canada attractive to the vast majority 
of law-abiding immigrants. Politics alone does 


have chosen to have freedom of movement,” 
Mr. Chiquette said. ‘ With the huge movement 
of people, it would be impossible to assure that 
we would never allow in someone inadmiss- 

Gathering intelligence on groups such as the 
Tigers or Hezbollah, or on individuals who 
might pose a security threat in Canada, falls 
primarily to the Security Intelligence Service. 
The agency says little publicly about its work. 

Ir-rlOioHran.l TV I an-nbac lY*** 

Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers, thousands of whose supporters have demonstrated on Parliament 
Hill in Ottawa, above, are among the radical groups that have found a haven in Canada, 
thanks to the country's relaxed imndgration laws and what critics call government passivity. 

only that it coordinates closely with the im- 
migration service. Mr. Harris points out, 
however, that the agency’s budget has been cut 
along with that of every other government de- 
partment as Canada battles its deficit and that its 
total staffing has fallen to 2,200 from an es- 
timated 2.7(H). 

There would seem to be no shortage of work 
for it to do. however. Twice in the past few 
months, individuals from the Middle East who 
had surfaced in Canada subsequently were 
linked to actual or planned bomb attacks aimed 
at Americans. 

Hani Abdel Rahim Sayegb was deported to 
the United States from Ottawa to face charges 
associated with the bombing of an apartment 
building in Saudi Arabia a year ago that killed 19 
American military personnel. 

He was seeking refugee status in Canada but 
was arrested after U.S. and Saudi officials told 
Canadians about his possible involvement in the 
bombing and his membership in Hezbollah. He 
offered no counterargument at his deportation 

In their case against him, Canadian officials 
contended that Hezbollah had an active orga- 
nization in Canada, a belief they developed in 
part after hearing testimony from another ac- 
cused member of the radical group, Mohammed 
Hussein Husseini. who was given refugee status 
in Canada in 1 99 1 but later deported to Lebanon 
after the security agency decided he was a se- 
curity risk. 

Last month, Gazi Ibrahim Abu Mezer. 23, was 
arrested in Brooklyn after police there were told 
that he and a roommate were planning a bomb 
anack on the New York subway system. 

Mr. Abu Mezer had been living in Canada 

since 1993, when he woo refugee status by 
arguing that, as a Palestinian, he had been per- 
secuted in Israel, according to the U.S. Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service. He was 
arrested in Washington stare after his third at- 
tempt to enter.the United States illegally across 
the lightly guarded border. Released on bond, he 
was In ihe midst of deportation proceedings 
when police raided his Brooklyn apartment. 


MER1CAN officials are not yet al- 
leging the same kind of connection 
with a terrorist group in Mr. Abu Mez- 
. er’s case that they are with Mr. Sayegh. 
And New York's mayor. Rudolph Giuliani, has 
criticized die U.S. immigration agency, con- 
tending that it shared responsibility for releasing 
Mr. Abu Mezer on bona and then not keeping 
track of him until his scheduled deportation Aug. 
23. The authorities said there were five bombs, 
apparently rigged for a suicide attack, in his 
apartment when police arrested him. 

But in some ways, Mr. Abu Mezer's case 
illustrates even better the vulnerabilities of each 
country’s immigration system. 

Back home, Mr. Abu Mezer had done little 
more than throw rocks along with other youths 
during the Palestinian uprising known as the 
intifada — hardly the mark of a suicide bomber 
and little reason for Canadian immigration of- 
ficials to consider him a security threat. 

Likewise, the United States had simply given 
Mr. Abu Mezer the due-process rights expected 
of a democratic country; he was freed on bond 
when there was no apparent evidence of the 
violent anti-U.S. sentiment subsequently found 
in pamphlets found in his apartment. 

But Canadian law enforcement officials know 

all too well the repercussions 
of a mistake. In 1985, Air- 
India Flight 182 exploded off 
the coast of Ireland, en route 
from Toronto to India. The 
explosion killed all 329 
people aboard, most of them 
C anadians . The chief suspects ‘ 
were members of a Sikh sep- 
aratist group based in British 

One of the central suspects 
was killed in a gun battle with 
Indian police several years 
ago, but the Royal Canadian 
Mounted Police are still try- 
ing to gather evidence so oth- 
ers can be charged. 

In another case, the moun- 
ted police had to charge one of 
their own after it was dis- 
covered that a man who had 
been hired to translate doc- 
uments. Kumaravelu Vigna- 
rajah, was a commander of the 
Liberation Tigers of Tamil 
Eelam, a paramilitary group 
that Canada classifies as a 
“terrorist organization.” 

He was also apparently a 
spy for the Sri Lankan intel- 
ligence service. 

Mr. Vignarajah, one of an 
estimated several thousand 
possible Tiger guerrillas in 
the Toronto area, was given 
refugee status in 1989: when 
the police searched his home, 
they found stolen police elec- 
tronic equipment and tran- 
scripts of cases he bad worked 
on. Mr. Vignarajah ultimately . 
pleaded guilty to the thefts; a 
spokesman for the mourned police said no in- 
vestigations had been compromised. 

In such cases. Canadian officials say, the 
country is swift to move and has shown its 
willingness, as it did with Mr. Sayegh. to invoke 
national security and deport people considered 
to pose a' terrorist threat. 

More ambiguous, say activists such as Bernie 
Farber, director of the Canadian Jewish Con- 
gress. has been the response to people who have 
done wrong abroad but seem to pose little threat 
to Canada itself. 

In a country that prides itself on diversity, the 
risk of offending any particular nationality when 
there is no imminent danger to Canadians can 
weigh heavily. 

For example, the country has only begun 
investigating a handful of cases despite the likely 
presence in Canada of at least several dozen, and 
perhaps several hundred, former Nazis, includ- 
ing some who fled from the United States as a 
result of investigations there. 

Others also have been able to stay in Canada far 
too long. Mr. Farber contends. Mahmoud Mo- 
hammad Issa Mohammad was convicted in 
Greece in the late 1960s for the bombing of an H 
Al plane, an act carried out under the banner of the 
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. 
Released from a Greek prison in a hostage ex- 
change, he eventually was allowed to emigrate to 
Canada. A political uproar ensued, and Canadian 
officials decided to move to deport him. That was 
10 years ago. His case is still in the courts. 

“Unless they can bring past criminals who 
abuse our immigration system to justice.” Mr. 
Farber said, "today's criminals will look to 

Software Flaw 
Crippled Guam 
Radar System, 
Inquiry Shows 

C-MiftJnJ lx Om Dupon.*es 

AGANA, Guam — A software error 
crippled an airport radar system that 
might have prevented the deadly crash 
of a Korean Air jet in Guam last week, 
U.S. investigators said Sunday. 

The system, called Radar Minimum 
Safe Altitude Warning, noimally issues 
an alert if a jet is flying too low, and . 
officials on the ground can then tell the 
pilot. . . ' 1 

Federal agents investigating the 
crash, however, said the system, at the 
U.S. territory's Andersen Air Force 
Base, had been modified recently, and 
an error apparently was inserted into the 

Korean Air Flight 801 crashed into a 
hillside overlooking Guam Internation- 
al Airport on Wednesday morning. 
killing 225 people. Investigators are try- 
ing to figure out why the jet was flying 
so close to the ground. 

National Transportation Safety Board 
investigators said the software error 
couid not be pinpointed as theculprir in 
the crash, but they said a properly work- 
ing system could have alerted the pilot to 
pull the jet to a higher altitude. 

"This is not a cause — it might havfc 
possibly been a prevention.” George £ 
Black, a member of the board, said. 1 

The system, monitored by the ap- 
proach controller from the time an air- 
craft gets within 55 miles (88 kilometer^] 
of the runway, failed after the authorities 
made adjustments to reduce the number 
of false alerts, Mr. Black said. 

“The modification modified to$ 
much.” he said. 

The finding is a major piece of the 
puzzle of the crash. Investigators have 
said they think the pilot had full control 
of the jet at the time of the crash and are 
looking for clues to tell them why he 
was flying so low. 

Guam’s airport authority acknowl- 
edged earlier dial a glide scope system 
that provides an electronic beam to 
guide the descent of a landing plane was 
removed for maintenance about a month 
before the crash. But the investigators 
said the aircraft's pilots were aware of 


Even without the Radar Minimum 
Safe Altitude Warning System, the pilot 
had several other instruments that could 
have told him that the plane was too 
close to the hillside. 

"This is just one piece," the lead in- 
vestigator. Gregory Feith. said. (AP, AFP ) 

■ One Crash Victim Identified _ 

The first victim of the crash has been 
identified, raising hopes that anguished 
families will soon formally learn the 
fate of their loved ones, Reuters re- 

Matt Furman, spokesman for the U.S. 
National Transportation Safety Board, 
fold the fanTilies Sunday that the firit 
body had been identified late Saturday, 
but he refused to give details. 

Mr. Furman said remains of about 
140 victims had been recovered so far 
and were awaiting identification. 



Viet Prnii:' 
order ifc-i - ■ 



folife G: 



mm West Rail 

Qualification of Consultants 

Detailed Design and Supervision Services 

The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRQ intends to 
commence detailed design for Phase I of West Rail, a 305km, 
double-tracked, electrified railway system serving Hong Kong’s 
Northwest New Territories providing passenger services, with a 
maintenance depot and 9 stations. 

KCRC proposes to appoint qualified consultants to perform detailed 
design for the project for the following packages: 

■ DD-200 Yuen Long Section 

■ DD-210 Tuen Mun Section 

■ DD-300 Tsuen Wan Section 

■ DD-400 Sham Shui Po Section 

■ DD-600 West Rail Depot and Station 

The work will include civil/structural, architectural, mechanical and 
electrical design services, and administration and supervision of the 

Consultants will be required to progress the design from a preliminary 
stage that is approximately 25% complete to a final design to allow 
construction of the Works. The Consultant will also be required to 
assist in the preparation of construction contract documentation. 

More detailed descriptions of the work activities wifi be included in 
the Pre-qualification Questionnaire. 

Requests for a Pre-qualification Questionnaire should be made on 
company letterhead by facsimile to the Kowloon-Canton Railway 
Corporation, Attention: Procurement Manager at (852) 2601-2671. 
Requests for questionnaires received by the Corporation after 22 
August 1997 may be too late for consideration. 

KCRC will, at its sole discretion, evaluate responses to the Pre- 
qualification Questionnaire. Those organisations which KCRC 
determines to be suitably qualified will be invited to tender. 

No communications in response to this advertisement will be accepted 
by KCRC except by facsimile at the above noted facsimile number. 

Interested firms are advised that this invitation of expression 
of interest is only for the Detailed Design, which is a 
necessary part of the planning process, and that the 
construction of Phase I of West Rail will be subject to the 
approval of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 
Government in around September 1998. 


Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government 
offices will be closed or ser- 
vices curtailed in the follow- 
ing countries and iheir de- 
pendencies this week because 
of national and religious hol- 

MONDAY: Chad. Ionian. 


TUESDAY: Israel. Thailand. 

WEDNESDAY: Centra] Af- 
rican Republic. Tunisia. 

THURSDAY: lialy. Morocco. 
Pakistan. Vatican Cn\ . 

FRIDAY: Andorra. Austria. 
Bangladesh. Belgium. Benin. Burkina 
Paso. Burundi. Cameroon. Cemral Af- 
rican Republic. Chile. Congo. Costa 
Rktj. Croatia. Cvpnr*. E*juaionjl Guin- 
ea. France. French Guiana. French HeM 
Indies. Gabon. Gambia. Georgia. 
Greece. Guatemala. Guinea. Hain. India. 
ltal>. Isorv Coast. South Korea. Leba- 
non. Liechtenstein. Luxembourg. Mada- 
gascar. Malta. Monaco. New Caledonia. 
Panama. Paraguay. Poland. Portugal. 
Rwanda. Senegal. Slniema. Spain. 
Togo. Vatican City 

SATURDAY: Dominican Re- 
public. Gabon. 

Source i J.P Mi>rguii Ratters. 



Swim Ban Lifted on Norman Coast 

PARIS ( AP) — The French Coast Guard on Sunday lifted 
a ban on swimming and other maritime activities along the 
Normandy coast, which is recovering from an oil slick from a 
tanker registered in the Bahamas. Fishing is still banned. 

Red warning flags have been flying since Thursday around 
the port of Le Havre, the neighboring town of Sainte-Adresse 
and the resorts of Trouville and Deauville. 

The oil was spilled Wednesday from the tanker, which was 
trying to dock at Le Havre. The tanker rammed the dock and 
the impact pierced the ship's hull, releasing about 120 tons of 
the vessel’s fuel into the harbor. About 200 birds, drenched in 
black sludge and stranded on the shore, were treated over the 
weekend at a nearby nature cenrer. Many were expected to 
die, however, because they had swallowed fuel. 

Record Year for French Tourism 

PARIS ( AP) — A strong dollar and falling airline prices are 
helping make this a vintage year for French tourism, a bright 
spot in an otherwise bleak economy, the daily Le Monde 

reported. Tourists are coming in greater numbers and staying L 
longer. Le Monde said, quoting Maison de France, an or- y 
ganization that promotes France overseas. 

The number of tourists could rise by as much as 10 percent 
this year compared with 1 996, the paper reported. On average, 
an estimated 60 million foreigners visit France every year. 

Two experienced French climbers and two hikers fell to 
their deaths in separate accidents over the weekend. Three erf 
the victims were climbing in the French Alps and the fourth in 
the central Auvergne region. In the Stubai range of the 
Austrian Alps, a 45-year-old German died after falling 100 
meters (300 feet), the police in Innsbruck said Sunday. 

(AFP. Reuters ) 

Malaysia plans to issue identity cards to an estimated 2 
million foreign workers in the country, the deputy home 
minister. Rosli GhazaJi, said Sunday. The workers enter 
Malaysia on permits valid for a limited period and for specific 
positions. The government also said it would introduce job a 
identification cards for Malaysians and Singaporeans who P 
commute across the border daily to work. (AFPl 

PGfc - 
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v" ^ an Mexico Opposition Fulfill Election Vows? 

By Anthony De Palma 

fort’ Timex Service 

MEXICO OTY — Mexico's new 
Congress will not be formally seated 
w the labyrinthine Palace of St Laz- 
arus until Sept 1. but the first order of 
business is already clear. It is a fa- 
miliar fight for any democracy: what 
to do about campaign promises to 
•lower taxes. 

In the election last month, the gov- 
ieming party lost its majority in Con- 
gress for the first time in 68 years. 
Mexicans are now learning that prom- 
ising to cut taxes, as the opposition 
parties did in the campaign, was easi- 
a ‘er than actually doing so. 
f The tug-of-war between the gov- 
’’ eminent and the Congresshas already 

• At stake in the debate over taxes is 
Mexico's economic recovery, a strict 
.government regimen of taxes and the 
“curtailed spending that helped bring 
the country back from the brink of 
•economic disaster in 1995. 

Mexican and United States offi- 
cials contend that the recovery plan, 
backed by Washington, would be 
igored by the kind of tax cuts and 
economic tinkering — including an 
■overhaul of the North American Free 
’’Trade Agreement — promised by 
■candidates from four opposition 

In the past, opposition teo islators 
routinely voted against tax increases, 
even though Mexicans are not heavily 
taxed and increases are seen as nec- 
Su PPort education, health 
and other services that the opposition 
supports. As they assume a share of 
real power, many of them will be 
caught between their advocacy of 
greater social spending and the siren 
call of campaign promises io cut 

Though they offered little in the 
way of economic justification for a 
tax cut, opposition candidates con- 
nected with voters. Now the four 
parties together outnumber the gov- 
erning Institutional Revolutionary 

Pany, or PRI. in the 500-seat lower 
house of Congress. If they overcome 
their wide differences, they will form 
3 opposition majority. But of 

the two largest opposition parties, one 
is to the left of the PRI and one is to its 

The opening davs of the new Con- 
gress will also test the degree to which 
the election on July 6 really was the 
historic breakthrough that has been 

When ‘President Ernesto Zedillo 
addressed Mexican business leaders 
last week he unequivocally declared 
that there would be no change in the 
nation’s economic course. 

The next day, a Congressman-elect 

who is the leader of an opposition 
pan v’s legislative caucus told Mr. Ze- 
dillo to consult the constitution. 

"I told him that he should read the 
constitution again so that he will 
know what he’s facing," said Porftrio 
Munoz Ledo. who will be the leader 
of the Party of the Democratic Rev- 
olution. or PRD, in the new Congress. 
"The economic policy of Mexico is 
not decided by him alone. It is a 
responsibility that is shared with ihe 

The governing party’s dominance 
of Congress until now has been so 
complete that there is no legal pro- 
vision for selecting the equivalent of 
the speaker of the House in circum- 
stances when no party has an absolute 

Already there is intense jockeying 
for leadership positions and posturing 
for the moral high ground ia the new 
legislature. Because of Mexico's pro- 
hibition against consecutive terms in 
any political office, there is no seni- 
ority system and every legislator is 
considered a freshman. 

In going after the long-governing 
PRI. all four opposition parties vowed 
to cut the immensely unpopular value 
added tax on most goods, which was 
raised to 15 percent from 10 percent in 
early 1995. At that time, even though 
not one opposition member of the 
lower house voted for the tax in- 

ra: .. 


Vice President A1 Gore looking on as President Bill Clinton signed an executive 
order that will make all executive branch buildings smoke-free within one year. 

Clinton Widens Ban 
In War on Smoking 

Los Angeles Times Sen ice 

WASHINGTON — Moving to protect nonsmokers from 
the effects of tobacco. President Bill Clinton has declared a 
ban on smoking in all executive branch buildings, but he 
dropped a provision to prohibit lighting up around building 
entrances and courtyards. 

"Cigarette smoking is the most single significant public 
health problem facing our people today," Mr. Clinton said 
in his weekly radio address Saturday as he announced his 
order for smoke-free buildings within one year. 

A draft of die executive order, which was the subject of 
news reports last week, would have banned all smoking 
within 50 feet 05 meters) of federal buildings. Bur ad- 
ministration officials determined that such a provision 
would be "going too far* ‘ in one step, a source familiar with 
the action said. 

However. Mr. Clinton’s order gives individual agency 
heads the discretion to "evaluate the need” for an outdoor- 
smoking ban. 

Agencies are also free to designate a smoking area inside 
buildings, but such areas must be well- ventilated and there 
must be no need for nonsmoking employees to enter them. 



* California Group Seeks to Outlaw 
Slaughtering of Horses for Food 

Americans’ stomachs tend to turn at the 
thought of eating horse flesh, but every year about 
100.000 American horses are slaughtered for 
" shipment abroad, mostly to botchers and res- 
taurants in France, Belgium and Japan. Bui a 
group of horse lovers, the California Equine 
Council, is out to end the practice in that state. The 
group hopes to put a "Save the Horses' ’ initiative, 
which would make it a felony to sell horses to be 
slaughtered for food, on the November 1998 
ballot. No state now has such a law, which ef- 
fectively would put horses in the same category as 
pet dogs and cats. 

Horses sold for slaughter, the council notes, are 
crowded into low-ceilinged trailers and shipped 
without food or water to slaughterhouses out of 
state, most of them in Texas, a three-day ride. 
There die horses are killed by metal bolts shot 

point-blank into their heads. ... 

Opponents of the initiative say that the horse 
meat industry performs a necessary service. Oth- 
erwise, reports the Los .Angeles Times, owners 

have to pay about S 1 50 to have old and unwanted 
horses killed by lethal injection and their car- 
casses removed, usually for "recycling” into 
soap, pet food or paint thinner. 

The equine council has high hopes: It pushed 
successfully a few years ago for a state ban on an 
event known as a charreada rodeo, in which 
horses are tripped for entertainment. Linda Mc- 
Cartney, wife of the former Beatle Paul, supports 
the campaign. And it has a catchy slogan: "Just 
say neigh.” 

Short Takes 

The pipe and tobacco pouch of Sitting Bull, 
the great Sioux chief, are being returned to his 
tribe more than a century after the death of the 
man who defeated the brash George Armstrong 
Custer and his 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the 
Little Bighorn. 

Five years ago, a customer gave the articles to 
Rick Mount of Coburg, Oregon, for his help in 
rebuilding a motor home. Experts have confirmed 
that the items' are real, and worth perhaps $100.- 
000. But Mr. Mount, who is three-quarters Cher- 
okee, is donaring them to the Indian Museum at 
the Crazy Horse Memorial in South Dakota. * ‘The 
Sioux people are the people who need to have the 
pieces.” he said. 

The 3-foot-long pipe is inlaid with brass, its bowl 
carved from red pipestone, its wood stem carved 
with a fish cut in half, a setting sun and a bull's 
horns. "There is truly power there," said John 

Arrasmith, an authority on American Indian art. 
"You can feel the energy, the sacredness of it.” 

The National Security Agency, at Fort 
Meade, Maryland, has come in from the (com- 
mercial) cold. The highly secretive intelligence 
agency — until a few years ago, it lacked an 
outdoor sign identifying itself — has opened a 
tiny gift shop, offering T-shirts, jackets, golf balls 
and mugs. The store even offers code-breaking 
kits, presumably not including the larest tricks of 
the craft The shop opening, coming three years 
after the agency opened a museum, follows a 
trend toward more government gift shops: FBI 
headquarters in Washington, long a favorite tour- 
ist destination, opened a shop in January. 

Rebecca Hampton feared she had lost the 
family cat when it vanished last month after 
movers packed up belongings at their Oklahoma 
home. Simon, 11, a Russian blue, had inad- 
vertendy been sealed in a crate. He stayed there 1 
for 22 days without food or water until the Hamp- 
tons opened the crate last week at their new 
military borne at Fort Adams, Rhode Island. Si- 
mon was weak, but alive, a bony six pounds. 
"This is like a miracle,” Mrs. Hampton said. 
Intravenous feeding has helped Simon make a 
speedy recovery. Fortunately for Simon, he was a 
plump 12 pounds before the ordeal. 

Brian Knowlton 


crease, the PRI had enough votes on 
its own to pass it. 

In the new Congress, the PRI will 
still have more seats than any other 
party, but it will not have a majority. 
While the direedy elected members 
are already selected, the electoral au- 
thorities must still determine the final 
allocations of seats based on the pro- 
portion of the overall vote captured by 
each party. The results are not ex- 
pected to change significantly. 

Opposition leaders say that the new 
Congress will not limit itself to re- 
ducing taxes. They want to revise 
NAFTA and to rework Mexico’s en- 
tire economic course. 

Die approval of both houses of 
Congress is needed to pass the gov- 
ernment’s revenue package, and the 
PRI still holds a majority in the Sen- 
ate. But the lower house alone ap- 
proves the budget. 

Since Mexico devalued the peso in 
1994, the country has endured suc- 
cessive austerity budgets. While such 
measures are perceived in govern- 
ment and financial circles as having 
helped the economy to recover, many 
people feel choked by them. 

For die United * States, which 
backed Mr. Zedillo’s recovery plan 
and put up S20 billion in loans to 
support Mexico, a politically moti- 
vated rush to rewrite the economic 
plans would be a disaster. 

Senator Says Helms 
Has Killed Weld Bid 

WASHINGTON — An influential Re- 
publican senaror said Sunday that he be- 
lieved the nomination of William Weld as 
ambassador io Mexico had been success- 
fully killed by Senator Jesse Helms, chair- 
man of the Foreign Relations Committee. 

"I assume it is over,” Senator Tbad 
Cochran of Mississippi said on NBC-TV. 
Mr. Weld, a Republican, resigned as gov-- 
emor of Massachusetts to Fight for the Mex- 
ico posting after Mr. Helms, a North Car- 
olina Republican, refused to schedule 
hearings on the nomination, citing what he 
said was Mr. Weld's weak stance in the 
Fight against illicit drugs. Mr. Weld's back- 
ers said Mr. Helms’s real objection was to 
Mr. Weld's liberal views. 

President Bill Clinton vowed last week to 
Fight for Mr. Weld’s right to a hearing. But 
a strong supporter of Mr. Weld’s right to 
such a hearing. Senator Richard Lugar of 
Indiana, said Sunday that he was unaware 
of any action vet by the administration. 
Some analysts have said the administration 
is just as happy not to intervene in a fight 
between two pillars of the Republican es- 
tablishment, Mr. Helms and Mr. Lugar. on 
behalf of a man said to have his eye'on the 

Mr. Lugar. a moderate who previously 
held the Foreign Relations chairmanship, 
has been increasingly outspoken in his crit- 
icism of Mr. Helms. "Enough is enough," 
he said Sunday of Mr. Helms’s role in the 
Weld affair. Referring to the constitutional 
process for Senate consideration of a nom- 
ination. he said, "Advise and consent does 
not mean dictatorship. It means in essence 
we all participate.” (IHTi 

Congress to Get Bill 
On Medical Privacy 

WASHINGTON — Clmton administra- 
tion officials say they will soon propose a 
comprehensive federal law to protect the 
privacy of medical records, to let con- 
sumers inspect their own flies and to punish 
any unauthorized disclosures of personal 
data by hospitals, insurers, health plans or 
drug companies. 

The measure would establish minimum 
federal standards to control the use of such 

information in the era of managed care, 
when insurance companies and health- 
maintenance Organizations have the ability 
and. in many cases, a financial incentive to 
collect and sell data revealing the most 
intimate secrets of millions of patients. 

"Our private health information is being 
shared, collected, analyzed and stored with 
fewer federal safeguards than our video- 
store records," said Donna Shalala, the 
secretary of health and human services. 
‘ ‘The way we protect the privacy of medical 
records right now is erratic at best, dan- 
gerous at worst.” 

The administration plans to send detailed 
recommendations on medical privacy to 
Congress later this month, as required by 
the 1996 law that made health insurance 
more readily available io people who 
change jobs or lose iheir jobs. 

Robert Gellman. an expert on privacy 
and information policy, said the admin- 
istration’s proposals "would impose great- 
er restrictions on the use of medical records 
rhan any state law. ” (A'YTi 

Low-Technology Senate 
Wants to Stay That Way 

WASHINGTON — When Senator Mi- 
chael Enzi of Wyoming asked permission 
three months ago to bring his laptop com- 
puter on the Senate floor to take notes, it 
seemed like a simple request. 

But Mr. Enzi, a first-term Republican, is 
learning that nothing is simple when it 
comes to tinkering with the traditions of the 
Senate, whose chamber still has original 
19th-century wooden desks, inkwells and 
' spittoons. 

Mr. Enzi's proposal has stirred angst in 
the Senate, whose rules bar any mechanical 
devices that could distract senators on the 
floor. Several senators say that permitting 
laptops in the chamber would ruin the de- 
corum of the body, and allow aides and 
lobbyists ro bombard senators with mes- 
sages throughout a debate. (NITj 

Quote /Unquote 

Senator Frank Lautenberg, Democrat of 
New Jersey. 73, announcing his campaign 
for re-election in 2000: "If you’re 76 and 
able, then there’s no reason to stop. Age is 
not a factor. It's mental acuity, and I judge 
mine to be perfect. ’ ’ (API 

Away From 

• A group of military pris- 

oners has asked a federal 
court to transfer them from 
the 90-year-old prison at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas, which 
inspectors have determined 
could collapse. ( \VP ) 

• About half of the 325 

people aboard an Amtrak pas- 
senger train were injured when 
it derailed on a rain-damaged 
bridge in Arizona. Three 
people were in critical con- 
dition, Amtrak said. (NYT ) 

• Malcolm Shabazz, the 12- 
year-old grandson of Mal- 
colm X and Betty Shabazz ' 

who set a fire that killed his 
grandmother, has been sen- 
tenced to 1 8 months at a Mas- 
sachusetts juvenile-detention 
center. ( NYT ) 

• The former chier of the 
2002 Olympics, Tom 
Welch, who resigned after 
being accused of attacking his 
wife, has asked that his S2 
million compensation be cut 
in half following a public out- 
cry over the deal. (API 

lP*Cj English 

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The Pressures Within ASEAN Over Cambodia 

Some Want to Grant It Membership Soon 

By Michael Richardson 

Inrentarionjl Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Foreign minis ters 
of the Association of South East Asian 
Nations, at a special meeting here Mon- 
day, are likely to decide to keep dying to 
restore constitutional rule in Cambodia, 
while continuing to withhold its mem- 
bership of the group until more progress 
is evident. 

But officials and analysts said Sunday 
that there was increasing pressure from 
within ASEAN to let Cambodia join by 
December so that the group can achieve 
its long-standing aim of strengthening 
regional cohesion by including all 10 
countries of South East Asia. 

“There is going to be a lot of very 
painfiil. very difficult discussion.” an 
official of one ASEAN country said. 

Citing ASEAN’s commitment not to 
interfere in the internal affairs of other 
countries, some members — including 
Malaysia. Vietnam, Laos and Burma — 
want Cambodia admitted quickly, an- 
other official said. 

But be added that other members — 
among them the Philippines. Indonesia, 
Singapore and Thailand — felt that an- 
other vital principle was at stake that the 
group could not afford overlook: the use 
of force to disrupt Cambodia's coalition 

government and other elements of con- 
stitutional rule in the country. 

Monday's meeting in Singapore will 
enable three ASEAN mediators to brief 
the group on their Aug. 2 talks in Phnom 
Penh with the Cambodian strongman. 
Second Prime Minister Hun Sen, so that 
the foreign minis ters can consider their 
next moves. 

The three mediators are the foreign 
ministers of Indonesia, Aii Aiatas; the 
Philippines, Domingo Siazon, and 
Thailand, Prachuab Chayasan. 

ASEAN’s main objectives are to help 
end the political violence in Cambodia 
and ensure that the coalition govern- 
ment is restored so that free and fair 
elections can take place as scheduled in 
May in line with conditions set our in the 
constitution and law. 

Analysts said Sunday that statements 
over the weekend by Cambodia's con- 
stitutional monarch. King Norodom Si- 
hanouk, making it clear that he strongly 
disapproved of what has happened in 
Cambodia since early July are certain to 
influence the decision of ASEAN for- 
eign ministers on Monday. 

The analysts said it would strengthen 
the hand of those within the group who 

want to keep using their combined dip- 
lomatic leverage to persuade Mr. Hun 
Sen to agree to an internationally ac- 
ceptable solution to the crisis. 

Cambodia's political framework was 
put in place by an international agree- 
ment in Paris in 1991 that ended decades 
of conflict and brought hope of a peace- 
ful recovery. The coalition government 
emerged from UN-supervised elections 
in 1993 that were generally considered 
to be free and fair. 

Burma and Laos joined ASEAN last 
month, bringing the number of member 
states to nine. The others are Brunei, 
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, 
Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. 

But shortly before Burma and Laos 
joined. ASEAN foreign ministers de- 
cided to delay Cambodia's scheduled 
membership indefinitely following the 
violent coup engineered by Mr. Hun Sen 
to oust the first prime minister. Prince 
Norodom Ranariddh, on July 5 and 6. 

In another development that may in- 
fluence ASEAN's decision, the United 
States said Friday that it would extend 
indefinitely its suspension of aid to the 
Cambodian government and military 
worth about S40 million ‘ ‘until progress 

toward fair and free elections has been 

King Sihanouk, whom the ASEAN 
mediators regard as an important figure 
in the political structure, said in a fax 
sent Saturday to Agence France-Presse 
in Beijing, where he is undergoing med- 
ical treatment, that he still considered 
Prince Ranariddh as the legal first prime 
minis ter of Cambodia, although the 
prince was in exile. 

King Sihanouk said that Ung Huot, 
whom the National Assembly in Phnom 
Penh voted Wednesday to accept as the 
new first prime minister in place of the 
prince, was a “puppet" and that the 
country now had only ‘ ‘one actual mas- 
ter,” Mr. Hun Sen. 

After his appointment by more than 
two thirds of the 120-member assembly, 
Mr. Ung Huat said that he, Mr. Hun Sen 
and Chea Sim — the acting head of state 
and the top official of Mr. Hun Sen’s 
formerly Communist Cambodian 
People’s Party — would go to Beijing 
for an audience with Kin g Sihanouk on 

“The fact that His Majesty is ac- 
cepting our delegation means that he is 
blessing us,” Mr. Ung Huot said. 

But the king stressed in his fax to AFP 
that the meeting Tuesday would be 
“private and nonpolitical.” Analysis 

Hun Sen Vows to Crush Prince’s Forces 
As Troops Advance on Royalist Bastion 

Agence Frunce-Pivsse 

PHNOM PENH — Second Prime 
. Minister Hun Sen vowed Sunday to 
crush forces loyal to the ousted first 
prime minister. Prince Norodom 
Ranariddh, as heavy fighting raged in 
northwestern Cambodia. 

On the eve of another meeting of 
southeast Asian nations to discuss 
Cambodia, Mr. Hun Sen said his 
forces would soon overrun the final 
royalist bastion, near the Thai border. 

A U.S. special envoy, Desaix An- 
derson, left Phnom Penh for Singa- 
pore on Sunday following a meeting 
with Mr. Hun Sen’s replacement for 
Prince Ranariddh, Ung Huol The 
prince, who was in Bangkok meeting 
exiled supporters, urged the ASEAN 
ministers to reject Mr. Ung Huot, 

telling a television interviewer that he 
was still "legally and constitution- 
ally” the first prime minister of Cam- 
bodia. „ , . .. 

Military experts predicted victory 
for Mr. Hun Sen's forces in north- 
western Cambodia. 

“They are using heavy weapons, 
including rockets, mortars, as well as 
machine guns against each other and 
it seems that Hun Sen's troops are 
advancing steadily and that the roy- 
alists are slowly retreating,” said a 
source who had been to the area. 

Sources said Mr. Hun Sen 's forces 
were pushing royalist troops back to- 
ward their last basdon on the Thai 
border, O Smach. Mr. Hun Sen said 
on national radio Sunday that his 
forces would soon overrun 0 Smach. 

said Sunday that this clearly implied 
that he was unwilling personally to le- 
gitimize Mr. Hun Sen's takeover even 
though be had authorized Mr. Chea Sim, 
as acting head of state, to sign decrees 
on the long’s behalf, including the ap- 
pointment of Mr. Ung Huot as first 
prime* minister. 

Explaining his position in a letter to 

Sam Rainsy, a former finance minister, 
and now a leader of the Cambodian - 
opposition-in-exile with Prince Ranar- 
iddh, King Sihanouk said that “if I give- 
Chea Sim the authorization to sign all, 
laws and decrees in my place, it is to- 
make him responsible for me people and! 
before history. I just cannot take pan in- 
this new comedy involving the state.” ’ 

Sclwlnn D'S,wx’ Ajrnif Fmc-Pierc 

HEROIC DISPLAY — A float with a banner depicting figures of Indian history and children dressed as national 
leaders driving through Bombay on Sunday as the country celebrated the 50th anniversary of its independence. 


Chinese Track Island Dissidents 

HONG KONG — The Chinese authorities are actively 
pursuing dissidents who opted to stay in Hong Kong after the 
July 1 handover of the territory from Britain, dissidents said 

The dissidents, who declined to be identified, said the 
Chinese public security bureau, through their contacts in the 
teiritory, have been trying to track them down. 

The claims confirmed an allegation made by a leading 
Chinese dissident, Lu Siqing, chairman in the territory of the 
Information Center for Human Rights and Democratic Move- 
ments in C hina, who said security bureau officers had started 
tracking down members of his organization. (AFP J 

North Korea Deems Talks Poor 

TOKYO — North Korea said Sunday that the results of the 
preliminary four-nation talks held in New York last week 
were disappointing, and warned the United States against 
using North Korea's dire food shortage as a political 

“The results of the Aug. 5-7 preliminary meeting held in 
New York are, in a nutshell, below our expectations,” the 
news agency KCNA, monitored in Tokyo, quoted a North 
Korean spokesman as saying. Thanks to Pyongyang’s efforts, 
tiie spokesman said, tentative agreement had been reached on 
issues including the level of participants, the venue and 
procedures for four-way talks. 

Three days of preparatory talks in New York last week 
failed to reach final agreement on procedures for substantive 
negotiations planned for Geneva and involving the United 
States, China, South Korea and North Korea. (Reuters l 

Taiwan Plane Crashes, Killing 16 

TAIPEI — A plane crashed into a mountain on the 
Taiwanese island of Matsu on Sunday, killing ail 16 people 
aboard, airline officials said. 

The Kuohua Airlines plane crashed after a 50-minute flight, 
from Taipei to the military outpost, officials said. (API 

For the Record 

Thailand took delivery of Southeast Asia's first aircraft, 
carrier Sunday. (Reuters) 

A typhoon battered South Korea’s southern coastal 
regions Sunday, leaving at least two people dead. (APt 

About 300 Pakistani troops were rushed to the Punjab 
province Sunday to beef up security after sectarian violence left 
mote than 40 people dead in 10 days, officials said (AFP\\ 

VOICES From Asia 

King Norodom Sihanouk, writing of his inability to block 1 a 
the coup against his son. Prince Norodom Ranariddh, die 
former first prime minister: "I have no ability to do anything. 

The power is totally in their hands.” {API 

Desaix Anderson, the U-S. envoy who was the first senior 
foreign official to meet with Ung Huot following his disputed’ 
election to replace Prince Ranariddh as first prime ministen- 
“I think it’s clear that we will continue to deal with the 
Cambodian government despite our reaction to his election a 
couple of days ago.” . . (AFP) t 









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Mrs. Gandhi Is Urged to Lead 

Agence France-Presse 

CALCUTTA — Leaders 
of the Congress (T) Party 
urged Sunday that Sonia 
Gandhi, the widow of Rajiv 
Gandhi the Indian prime 
minister slain in 1991, take 
over the Indian party. 

“She has to lead us,” said 
Madhavrao Scindia, a former 
minister. “Sonia Gandhi 
shares Rajiv Gandhi's vision 
of a new India and understands 
it better than many of us.” 

“Millions of Congress 

workers are looking to her for 
guidance,” another former 
minister. Aijun Singh, said. 

The appeals came a day 
after Mrs. Gandhi electrified 
the party's national conven- 
tion with a five-minute 
speech warning chat the party 
was moving away from the 
mass of poor Indians. 

It was the first speech at a 
Congress convention by the 
Italian-bom Mrs. Gandhi, 
who married into the Gandhi- 
Nehru family in 1968. 

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This section coincides with the ITU's Telecom Interactive 
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fax: -*-33 1 41 43 92 13 ore-mail: supplements'^ 



Ready for Reforms? 

Continued from Page 1 

Dewen, last week openly proposed a new 
constitution, nationwide elections for top 
leadership posts, a free press, a four-year 
presidency, a more independent judi- 
ciary and referend urns on key issues. 

“China is successful in economic re- 
form,” said Mr. Shang, 55. who has 
been a Communist Party member for 
several decades. “But at a certain stage, 
it needs the corresponding political re- 
form. The economic rules demand the 
reform of the political system.” 

Although friends had warned him 
that speaking out could be dangerous, 
Mr. Snang said the time was ripe to push 
for changes. 

A Chinese newspaper refused to 
carry his views, but they have been 
broadcast by tbe British Broadcasting 
Corp. and widely heard here. 

These developments are considered 
momentous in the context of China's 
incremental style of politics, especially 
because of the approaching 15th Com- 
munist Party Congress that probably 
will take place in mid-September or 
early October. 

Party' congresses are held only once 
every five years. This will be the first 
one in 20 years without the presence of 
Deng Xiaoping, the late paramount 
leader, and thus will provide a test of 
Mr. Jiang's leadership and the cobes- 
iveness of the Chinese leadership. 

For more than a week, China’s top 
leaders have been cloistered at the beach 
resort of Beidaihe, jockeying for party 
and government posts and hammering 
out a policy consensus in advance of the 
party congress. 

Although Deputy Prime Minister 
Zhu Rongji is widely expected to re- 
place Li Peng as prime minister, debates 
are continuing over crucial personnel 
questions, such as what to do with the 
still -powerful Mr. Li, whether to expand 
the all-important seven-man party 
standing committee and who will re- 
place two octogenarian senior military 
officers, one of whom is a member of 
the standing committee. 

While the leaders share similar views 
on economic reform, the outcome of this 
jockeying will cany important policy 
implications on issues such as Taiwan, 
political reform and relations with the 
United States. 

With so much in flux, many people 
see this as a potential turning point in 
Chinese politics. 

The current trend appears to have 
started May 29, when Mr. Jiang said in a 
speech ro the school for party leaders in 
Beijing that China was still in the 
“primary stage of socialism” — a 
phrase used in the late 1980s ro justify a 
wide range of economic and political 

In using the phrase and abandoning 
more dogmatic language he used in the 
aftermath of Mr. Deng's death in Feb- 
ruary, Mr. Jiang echoed the man he 
replaced as party chief, Zhao Ziyang, 
who was ousted during the student- led 

S«j*cn Shnn-A t fffc.f Fruxt-Pupw-: 

DISAPPEARING TOURISTS — A woman who works at a Hong 
Kong pier used for harbor tours leaving an empty dock Sunday at a 
time when it would normally be packed with visitors. Hong Kong, 
which reverted to China in July, has watched tourism slide since then. 

demonstrations that rocked the govern- 
ment in 1989 and who remains under 
loose house arrest in Beijing. 

Analysts say Mr. Jiang's speech 
showed that he fell safe from Threats to 
his power, especially from the fading 
left wing of the parry, made up of Marx- 
ist ideologues who worry that economic 
reform is loosening the party's iron grip 
on power. 

Richard Baum, a professor of 
Chinese politics at the University of 
California at Los Angeles, said that us- 
ing the phrase “primary stage of so- 
cialism” was an act of confidence. 

"No one has used that phrase since 
Tiananmen.” he said. 

One left-leaning party magazine. Qiu 
Shi. failed to mention the phrase 
"primary stage of socialism” in its ac- 
count of Mr. Jiang's speech. 

It asked: "Why is there no resistance 
to things that are in clear violation of 
Marxism and of the partv’s basic 

But in an indication of rhe weakness 
of the orthodox wing of the party, the 
magazine’s deputy editor later gave an 


interview to an official newspaper de- 
nouncing "leftists.” Mr. Jiang also 
echoed his predecessor's language 
about the Communist Party having 
"one center, two basic points." which 
was the catch phrase formerly used to 
allow discussion of political reform. 

Mr. Jiang’s speech has not yet been 

E ublished in its entirety, but excerpts 
ave been published and republished 
recently in party papers along with ex- 
hortations that die partv faithful study 
its contents. 

Such signals are providing encour- 
agement to some liberals. 

Yu Guangyuan. an economist who 
was expelled from the Communist Party 
in 1990 and who advised the relatively 
liberal Communist Party chief Hu Yao- 
bang in the 1980s, has advocated a new 
constitution and predicted political re- 
forms early in the next century. 

Separately, the veteran dissident 
physicist Xu Liangying has predicted 
lhai significant reforms will take place 
within two years, and one groop of 
intellectuals recently published a book 
of 27 essays titled “Critical Moment.” 




The World of Belfast, 
According to Sinn Fein 

Adams Gears Up for Talks With the British 

By James F. Clarity 

Kew 1 Times Sen ii r 

■ BELFAST — The British military 
helicopter circled noisily high above the 
West Belfasi office where Gerry 
Adams, president of the Irish Repub- 
rjcan Army's politieal wing, discussed 
the Northern Ireland peace talks he ex- 
pects to attend next month. 

‘ y°U hear that chopper?’ ' he said. 

'[That helicopter’s been up there four or 
five days." 

! Adams said the air patrol was an 
example of how the British Army, with 
about 17.000 resident troops, is con- 
tinuing to maintain a strong military 
presence in Northern Ireland even 
though the IRA declared a cease-fire 
July 20 to halt its "armed struggle” — 
which involved shooting soldiers and 
police officers here and bombing civilian 
targets in England. If the IRA truce 
holds, the British and Irish governments 
will permit Mr. Adams's group, Sinn 
Fein, to enter for the first time the formal 
peace talks, set for Sept. 15. 

; The British presence, political and 
military, is among the issues that he will 
be addressing at the talks. Mr. Adams 

In an imerview in a small house that is 
used as a service center for former IRA 
prisoners, Mr. Adams discussed the 
political atmosphere in Belfast, and two 
of the major issues to be dealt with at the 
talks: the disarmament of The IRA and 
Protestant paramilitary groups and the 
political future of the British-ruled 
province. He also spoke of his planned 
visit to the United States early next 

As the noise of the helicopter abated, 
he continued: “When we met the Brit- 
ish the other day, we argued that the 
partem and concentration and intensity 
of British military patrols in Republican 
areas were provocative.” 

Still, he said he did not expect the 
patrols to provoke new IRA attacks. But 
he said he intends to make speeches 
harshly critical of British rule in North- 
ern Ireland when be visits New York 
and Washington for six days beginning 
SepL 2. 

“The U.S. trip,” he said, “is about 
enlisting support for a democratic peace 
settlement, for the notion of Irish unity, 
for an end to the British occupation” of 
Northern Ireland, which was left to Bri- 
tain under the 1921 treaty that gave 
southern Ireland independence. 

He said he will not see President Bill 
Clinton, who is scheduled to be away 

from Washington on vacation, but in- 
dicated that the White House, which had 
advised him not to apply for a visa or rhe 
right to raise money in the United States 
until there was a new IRA cease-fire, 
was no longer cool toward him. 

“President Clinton wifi not be 
there," he said. "I presume if he had 
been, we would have seen him.” 

He and two other Sinn Fein officials 
will attend fund-raising dinners in New 
York, Chicago and San Francisco. 

In Chicago, the principal speaker will 
be Caoimhghin Caolain. the first mem- 
ber of Sinn Fein to take a seat in the Irish 
Parliament, to which he was elected last 
June. In San Francisco, the speaker will 
be Martin McGuinness, Sinn Fein's No. 
2 official and its chief negotiator. 

Mr. Adams said he would be dealing 
with a question on the minds of many 
Irish-Americans. whether the peace 
talks were likely to produce a united 
Ireland, the u Itimate goal of the IRA and 
Sinn Fein. This would entail Britain’s 
relinquishing sovereignty over North- 
ern Ireland, and the subsuming of the 
province in the overwhelmingly Roman 
Catholic' Irish Republic. He acknowl- 
edged that a unified Ireland would be 
discussed at the talks, but was not likely 
to be established there. 

"It is a goal which is driving us,” he 
said. “We want to move it as far along 
the road as possible. * * 

Since his visit to the United States in 
February 1 994, when he was treated like 
a celebrity. Mr. Adams has achieved 
several Sinn Fein/IRA objectives: to 
involve the United States directly in the 
peace talks, of which die former U.S. 
senator George Mitchell is now chair- 
man: the removal of the British and Irish 
bans on his words being heard on radio 
and television: the early release of IRA 
prisoners from Irish jails: the electoral 
success of Sinn Fein, which this year 
became the third strongest party in 
Northern Ireland, gaining 17 percent of 
the vore in two elections. 

“There's one pan of me which, of 
course, is uplifted by the fact that we 
have been making progress.” Mr. 
Adams said. “The other part of me can’t 
help but consider that it took three or 
four years, that many people died, lots 
of energy used. Iocs of distractions and 

What would happen if the next round 
of peace talks failed? 

“I don't want to contemplate that at 
all,’ ’ he said. “I actually think it was John 
F. Kennedy who said, ‘Never negotiate 
from fear, but never fear to negotiate. 

Frwl A.i'.u'iirif'* 

FUN IN BAVARIA — Two women trying to survive Sunday in a mixing-trough race in the 
Wiesent River at Nankendorf. The race is held yearly, and entrants are allowed to use 
anything designed for the purpose of mixing — plaster, cement or maybe big cakes. 

$400,000 Worth of Photos 
To Prove Dianas Hn Love ’ 

AjpiilV Fruin-e-Pivssf 

LONDON — The tabloid Sunday Mirror scooped the 
world press with a series of photos showing the Princess 
of Wales kissing Dodi al Fayed during a'recem Medi- 
terranean cruise. 

In the rather fuzzy, but extremely expensive, photos, 
the couple are shown standing. Princess Diana from 
behind wearing a pink floral-panemed swimming cos- 
tume, in the amts of Mr. al Fayed, bare-chested and 
wearing sunglasses. 

Another series of photos shows the couple on the boat, 
with Mr. al Fayed seated beside the princess, who is 
stretched out wirh the straps of her swimming costume 
down over her arras. 

The Sunday Mirror published about 15 color and black- 
and-white photographs taken during a cruise around 
Corsica and Sardinia on the yacht owned by Dodi's father. 
Mohammed al Fayed, the owner of Harrod's department 
store in London and the Ritz hotel in Paris. 

The photographs, trumpeted as a “world exclusive.” 
were sold to The Sunday Mirror for £250.000 1 5400,000 I, 
according to press repons. The Sun. the Daily Mail, the 
Daily Mirror and Paris Match were also reported to have 
acquired rights estimated at £100.000 pounds each. 

The Sunday Mirror headlined its front-page picture 
“The Kiss.” saying that the photos “prove she's found 
her prince." The tabloid went so far as to say that an 
engagement between the princess and Mr. al Fayed could 
be announced in September. 


After Floods* Disease Threat 

Authorities said Sunday there was an acute danger of 
disease in the large area along the Polish border 
where the Oder River burst through flood banks in 
early July. 

Matthias Freude, head of Brandenburg state's 
Environmental Ministry, said the receding flood- 
waters were leaving behind dangerous bacteria that 
caused diarrhea and other illnesses. 

After the worst floods in the region this century, an 
intense heat wave was now fostering the spread of 
bacteria, he said. 

Thousands of Germans who were forced to flee the 
flooding three weeks ago were allowed to go home as 
water levels fell. They were being advised to wear 
rubber gloves and protective boots. i Renters i 

Cyprus Talks Set to Resume 

GENEVA — Talks aimed at reuniting Cyprus are 
to resume near Montreux on Monday, with both sides 
discouraging optimism despite mounting pressure 
for a solution that has eluded mediators for de- 

The talks brokered by the United Nations berween 
the Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders. Glafcos 
CJerides and Rauf Denktash, are aimed at reuniting 
the divided island in a bizonal, bicommunal fed- 
eration. A first round was held last month in Trout- 
beck. New York. 

Both sides are trying to discourage expectations of 
much progress at the scheduled five-day meeting, to 
be held in a hotel in the resort of Glion! 

Stakes have been raised since the first round, with 
Turkey saying it will move toward a partial in- 
tegration with the northern pan of the island and the 
European Union announcing plans to go ahead with 
entry talks for Cyprus early next year. 

Mr. Denktash said Sunday that his first meeting 
with Mr. derides had been a failure. 

“No forward steps were taken on the political 
scene.” he said, adding that he believed the two sides 
had moved even further apart. ! Reiners i 

A Rerun Ballot in Albania 

TIRANA. Albania — A repeat of voting in two 
northern regions got off to a peaceful start Sunday, 
indicating that violence-wracked Albania may be 
gradually returning to a semblance of normality. 

Parliamentary elections were held throughout the 
country June 29 and July 6 in hopes of stemming the 
chaos unleashed by violent protests against the col- 
lapse of high-risk investment schemes. More than 
2,000 people have been killed in the five months of 

But election results in the two regions were in- 
validated because of irregularities. In Dukagjin, near 
the Yugoslav border, the deputy head of the electoral 
zone and an electoral commission member were killed 
during the second round. In Mamuras. 35 kilomeiers 
{22 miles} north of the capital. Tirana, the Socialist 
Party' accused the Democrats of electoral firaud. 

Police said they had provided tight security in ihe 
two regions, where Socialist and Democratic can- 
didates were squaring off once again. There were no 
repons of violence after rhe polls opened Sunday 
morning. Whatever the results, the voting in the two 
regions will not change the balance of power in the 
155-seal Parliament, which is controlled by the So- 
cialists. iAP) 

UN Chief Starts Nordic Tour 

STOCKHOLM — The United Nations' secretary - 
general. Kofi Annan, began a three-day official visit 
to Sweden on Sunday, the first leg of a tour of the 
Nordic countries. 

The Ghanaian diplomat, whose wife, Nane. is 
Swedish, arrived here Saturday night. Mr. Annan had 
a working lunch with Prime Minister Goeran Persson 
at the Social Democratic Party's residence in 
Harpsund, south of the capital. 

Tltey were expected to discuss international crises 
in which the United Nations is involved, in particular 
Bosnia, and reform of rhe world organization, an 
issue in which Sweden, which currently chairs the 
UN Security Council, is very interested. Foreign 
Minister Lena Hjelm- Wallen said. 

Mr. Annan was scheduled to meet Mr. Hjelm- 
Wallen on Monday after his talks w ith Carl Bildi. the 
former top civilian official in Bosnia and leader of 
the opposition Conservative Party. 

After a vacation break in Sweden, Mr. Annan will 
resume his tour with visits to Denmark. Norway and 
Iceland. (AFPi 


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Maison de la Presse 
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Point Presse 


Maison de ta Presse 
1 , Route de Cartas 

Presse du Muy 
289, Bd de la Liberation 


Maison de la Presse 
Place Paul Flamenco 


Avenue du Touring Club 
Tabac Presse Souvenirs 
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Hail de la Presse 
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Your Guide lb 
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New Policy for Africa: Don’t Rely on Troops From France 

By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In drastically reducing its 
military presence in sub-Saharan Africa, 
France is signaling a new policy of be- 
nign neglect toward regimes that until 
recently thought they could rely on 
French military might to keep them in 

That is why, French officials said in 
recent interviews, the new Socialist gov- 
ernment announced plans to downsize 
and redirect the strength of its armed 
forces in Africa. 

This means cutting the number of 
troops stationed there permanently from 
8,000 to less than 6,000 and consol- 
idating them at four major bases in cen- 
tral and west Africa and a fifth across the 
continent in Djibouti. 

In effect, France has started dismant- 
ling a set-up involving garrisons and 
other facilities in all its former colonies 
that provided enough military muscle 
for Paris to manage almost any local 

With the troops there, a phone call 
from the top French adviser was often 
enough to settle matters. 

Significantly, France will shut down 
operations in the Central African Re- 
public, the key platform over the years 

for military interventions in nearby 
former colonies in central and west 
Africa. As recently as last month in 
Bangui, capital of the Central African 
Republic, French forces discreetly put 
down unrest in the local barracks, con- 
tinuing a tradition of supporting unpop- 
ular regimes — including that of the 
notorious emperor. Jean Bedel Bokassa 
— that allowed the country to be used as 
a jumping off point to Chad, Niger. Zaire 
(now Congo), the Congo Republic, 
Cameroon and even Gabon. 

This military pressure, sometimes ap- 
plied in small doses that passed almost 
unnoticed internationally, dominated 
political life in most of these countries 
during the Cold War decades. Often with 
U.S. backing, France treated die region 
as a near-protectorate, specialists say. 

But the role of Africa’s gendarme has 
become increasingly uncomfortable for 
France since the disappearance of the 
Soviet threat, and a series of recent 
events has dramatically exposed the new 
limits on French power. 

In 1994, France was criticized for 
sending troops to try halting genocidal 
ethnic fighting in Rwanda, only to be 
criticized in 1 996 for failing to act alone 
to halt the bloodshed when the ethnic 
conflict re-erupted in eastern Zaire. 
France looked impotent earlier this year 

Slave Trade in Children 
Growing in West Africa, 
Recent Arrests Indicate 

New York Tunes Service 

LAGOS — Three recent arrests have 
cast a spotlight on what the authorities 
say is a growing slave trade in children in 
this region of West Africa. 

In neighboring Benin, the police said 
that in July they had rescued more than 
100 children who were being transpor- 
ted to Nigeria, on their way to central 
Africa to be sold. 

The police in Porto-Novo, the capital 
of Benin, said that they had been alerted 
that three men were trying to find buses 
to take a group of 90 children to Lagos. 
Nigeria's main port city. They said they 
had arrested the three men, two of whom 
were from Benin and one from Niger- 

A few days earlier. Benin's govern- 
ment-owned daily newspaper, La Na- 
tion, reported that a group of 42 children 
had been rescued by the police in similar 
circumstances in another Benin city, 

Trading in children is a common prac- 
tice in Benin and Nigeria. There are 
frequent reports in Nigeria of boatloads 
of children being stopped along the 
countiy's long coastline on their way to 
central Africa, though there is little in- 
formation about what their fate is when 
they arrive. Child welfare organizations 
have documented that some of these 
children end up in Nigerian households 
as unpaid laborers known as “house 

The child welfare groups believe 
well-organized criminal rings are in- 
volved. Abdul Mohammed, who runs 
the Child Welfare League of Nigeria, 
said that well-dressed traders travel to 
poor rural areas in Benin and offer par- 
ents money, from S20 to $40, in ex- 
change for their children, promising that 
the ones they take away will end up rich 
and successful. 

“These people who go to the villages 
are seen as affluent people, so they easily 
convince the villagers that the child will 
be better off if they go with them,” Mr. 
Mohammed said. "The parents pray that 
their children will be better off and have 
no idea that the visitors have evil in- 

The children, as young as 8, are forced 
to work without pay as cleaners or 

After Strike Violence, Kenyans 
See Need for Political Dialogue 


NAIROBI — Kenyan leaders urged 
political dialogue toend a stalemate after 
violence rocked the country on the day 
of a national strike called to press for 
political reforms. 

President Daniel arap Moi answered 
mourning criticism over the weekend by 
declaring himself a champion of reform 
and saying he wanted speedy changes to 
benefit Kenyans. 

Four people, two of them policemen, 
were killed Friday when a strike called 
hy the opposition-hacked National Con- 
vention Executive Council turned vi- 

The strike cull attracted only limited 
support, hul mobs in Nairobi looted 
shops and set Tire to trees in the eily 

Police responded with threats to 
"deal firmly" with any dissent. 

“The opposition must avoid the lag of 
prone-to violence. KANIf must give up 
its old inflexible ways, and the national 
dialogue, whose end result will cither 
make or break Kenya as we know It. 
must get under way.” the newx|Niper 
Sunt lay Nation said in an editorial, rc 
ferrmg to the Kenyan African National 
Union, the governing jxiny. 

"it is crucial that dialogue, once un 
tier way. does not degenerate into a Jaree. 
ami become just one more |x>hiica! or 
cus bandying about Kenyans' most clier 
ished liD|)es and trampling ii|K>n them," 
the editorial said. 

’Hie strike put lurtliei pressure on Mr. 
Mot's government, whose reluctance to 
light con upturn fed Iodic cancellation of 
an Intel national Monetary bund aid 
I lack age Jill y <1 

Roman Calholie Archbishop Zac- 
chaeus Okoth, former chairman of the 
Kenya Episcopal Conference, told re- 

“Wccannol continue with this kindof 
hooliganism and violence. 

"We do not want to see a violent 
country where anarchy prevails. All in- 
terested parlies must start const iiuiionnl 
talks immediately to steer Kenyans 
through this difficult period.” 

The KANU -owned Sunday Times 
said in an editorial: * ' Now we can see the 
fruits of intransigence. Il is the culmin- 
ation of chaos anil anarchy.” 

Mr. Moi. aged 73 and in power since 
the death of the country's founding pres- 
ident. Jomo Kcnyalin. in 1978. has man- 
aged to divide Ihc fragile National Con- 
vention Executive Council by offering 
limited constitution;! I reforms ami 
pledging a full constitutional review 
after elections. 

I .ale Friday, he said: "’lliese people 
called Tor reforms, and 1 accepted. 'Iliey 
thought that I would not accept, that I am 
not for change. Now. I am a cfinmpioii of 
change: they seek oilier methods to dc 
stroy die country. They arc IkuI on an 

The |KirliatiH'iilary opposition leader. 
Michael Ki|aita Wnmafwa. and tin* 
chairman ol the opposition FOR!) Asili 
parly. Kenneth Malilxi. declared then 
reject ton of the strike. 

Mr. Wamaiwa said lie wauled dia 
iogue with Mr. Mot. 

In a statement Sal unlay, the National 
< 'oiivciil ton Executive ( ‘oiitteil denied it 
was out to cause anarchy and said it 
would officially renew its request to the 
government lo engage in dialogue. 

as a rebel army marched across Zaire and 
ousted one of France's traditional cli- 
ents, Mobutu Sese Seko. 

After these debacles, France con- 
cluded that it needed a more selective 

“Really, one more like the case-by- 
case approach that the United States uses 
in Africa, picking the situations where 
we want to engage and trying to min- 
imize expectations of action in situations 
that are impossible to handle in today's 
world,” a French foreign policy 
strategist said. 

The policy shift also marks the demise 
of a long-standing view in Paris that the 
fealty of a bloc of West African nations 
provided trade advantages and con- 
firmed France's status as a world 

“What the French are saying is that 
they don't want to have to live any 
longer with a domino theory saying that 
if one regime goes under, it will frighten 
all the other pro-French governments to 
look elsewhere for protection,” said 
John Chipman, head of the International 
Institute for Strategic Studies in Lon- 

By dropping the bloc approach, 
French officials said, France can con- 
centrate on African countries that look 
like winners in terms of political stability 

and economic promise. They cited oil- 
producing Gabon and politically stable 
Ivory Coast, together with Mali, where 
government reforms are moving ahead 
and Chad whose oil reserves will come 
on stream soon. 

Three of the bases planned by France 
are slated for Ivory Coast, Gabon and 
Chad with a fourth in Senegal, another 
cornerstone of French influence. 

So far, African reaction has been 
muted as governments wait to see how 
the new French approach works in prac- 
tice. The first test may come in 
Cameroon, whose ties with Paris could 
be strained if presidential elections next 
year fail to shake up a system tarred with 
allegations of corruption. 

The military change has come as a 
logical step, as Paris, finding itself un- 
able to subsidize African countries' ail- 
ing economies, has withdrawn financial 
support for their currencies and pushed 
governments there to qualify for inter- 
national aid and trade. 

Diplomatically, the plan to refocus on 
a few promising African countries 
should dampen the flow of French com- 
plaints that Washington wants to sup- 
plant Paris as the Western kingmaker in 

But diplomats said that the new ap- 
proach could actually sharpen tensions 

and commercial rivalries in African 
countries offering a high potential pay- 
off and targeted by both U.S. and French 
business interests. 

Prime Minister Lionel Jospin has pub- 
licly cited a “strong U.S. economic 
threat” in Africa and called on European 
Union countries to help withstand U.S. 
penetration of African markets. 

Re-orienting its military strength to 
concentrate on European missions was 
another factor in the government’s de- 
cision to cut its permanent troop strength 
in Africa. 

The change fits with the broader stra- 
tegic re-orientation set for French forces 
by President Jacques Chirac in 1995. 
emphasizing France's interest in work- 
ing more closely with the United S rales 
and its European allies. 

But Mr. Chirac is unlikely to have 
been happy about the Socialist govern- 
ment's sudden action on Africa. He ve- 
toed anempts by the previous conser- 
vative government of Prime Minister 
Alain Juppe to distance France from its 
most unsavory African clients. 

It is a measure of Mr. Chirac’s di- 
minished authority that the new Socialist 
government seems to have largely ig- 
nored him in changing policy on Africa, 
traditionally a domain for presidential 

traders, and some as prostitutes. They 
are often poorly fed, abused and made to 
work long hours. 

Mr. Mohammed has a photograph al- 
bum with pictures of some of die chil- 
dren his group has rescued from the 
homes of their owners and, in foe case of 
those who have run away, from the 
streets. One photo showed a girl with a 
scar left by a severe bum down her back. 
The girl told him, he said, that hot oil had 
been poured on her as punishment. 

“Sometimes it is quite disturbing,” 
he said. “We have had cases of children 
being made to sleep next to the toilet 
evety night. Some are sent out on the 
streets as prostitutes.” 

He cited foe case of a 13-year-old girl 
named Chizoba, who was a house ser- 
vant in Lagos. Her owner would tie her 
down to keep her from running away. “I 
asked foe woman if she would tie her 
own child down like that,” Mr. Mo- 
hammed said, “and she couldn’t an- 

In another case, a 9-year-old girl 
named Kasarachi served a family with 
four children. She started her day at 
dawn, she said, by sweeping the house 
and washing the dishes before the chil- 
dren woke up. When they awakened, she 
would help them get ready for school. 

Her next duty was to finish cleaning 
the house and then to tend the mother's 
market stall until the children returned 
from school. She would help the chil- 
dren undress and bathe and wash their 
clothes. When the mother came back 
from the market, the child would wash 
the woman’s clothes too. The servant's 
day usually ended at I A.M. 

The worst thing, she said, was nor the 
long hours but that she was treated dif- 
ferently from the other children. They 
would eat two meals a day but she was 
allowed only one. 

“I would work late, but the woman 
would beat me every day,” she said. 
"Then her children would laugh and hit 
me too,” she added, sobbing. 

Many educated Nigerians tolerate and 
perpetuate the practice of using small 
children as unpaid .workers and some 
justify it by saying that the children are 
better off with them than they would be 
in their villages. 

PisjI liotpr/Apnfcr Rwc-Pirw 

WAITING FOR THE POPE — Two Filipino girls having lunch at u religious community in Taize, France, 
before moving on to Paris for the Catholic Church's World Youth Day next week. More than 300.000 young 
Catholics are expected to join the celebration with Pope John Paul II, who is scheduled to arrive Aug. 21. 

CASH: Huge Drug Profits Make a Big Target, U.S. Enforcers Say 

Continued from Page 1 

requirements to banks and cracking 
down on unregulated exchange houses 
that electronically transfer money from 
the United States. The measures have 
made moving millions of dollars more 
time-consuming.expensiveand risky. So 
traffickers are again favoring bulk ship- 
ments of cash to their home countries. 

Representative Bill McCollum, the 
Florida Republican who is chairman of 
the House Judiciary subcommittee oa 
crime, said at the July 24 hearings that 
“the Mexican money-laundering prob- 
lem has grown so bad that drug traffickers 
are now driving truckloads of cash to 
Mexico without being challenged along 
the 2,000-mile southwest border.” 

“It’s now estimated that $6 billion to 
$30 billion in drug profits ore laundered 
through Mexico annually,” he said. 
"It’s also estimated that more lhan $2.5 
billion in drug money is funncled into 
Colombia each year — an amount equal 
to Colombia’s annual income from cof- 
fee sales and representing aboat 20 per- 
cent of Colombia's total exports.” 

To deal with the overwhelming cash 
volume, the Mexican and Colombian 
trafficking organizations are constantly 
developing new ways to ship the cash in 
bulk, usually in the form of $20 bills. 

"They are shipping bills back in air- 
planes. in cargo, in furniture, in TVs, in 
washing machines, anywhere it fits.” a 
senior Drug Enforcement Administra- 
tion official in New York said. 

So as not to alert customs officials, the 
packaging specialists make sure the ar- 
ticles filial with money weigh the same 
as the commodity normally would. 

For example, the DEA official said, a 
Colombian specialist arrested last month 
shipped more than $2.5 million back to 
Colombia by hollowing out speakers, 
toasters and refrigerators, filling them to 
their normal weight with $20 bills, and 
reassembling the merchandise so per- 
fectly it w;ts nearly undetectable. 

Recent laws have given law enforce- 
ment officials more tools to fight money 

Raymond Kelly, the Treasury Depart- 
ment's undersecretary for enforcement, 
said that major money-laundering op- 

erations in New York have been shut 
down over the last year because his 
department now has the authority to 
impose stiffer reporting requirements on 
specific geographic regions. 

Mr. Kelly said the Treasury Depart- 
ment had discovered that 12 money ex- 
change houses in New York "had 
funneled approximately $800 million to 
Colombia last year." 

"To account for the money legitim- 
ately. each Colombian household in the 
area would have had to wire $30,000 to 
Colombia each year — an amount which 
exceeds the $27,000 average annual in- 
come for this community." he said. 

The department required the ex- 
change houses to report transactions 
over S750. leading to six indictments 
and the closing of several businesses. 

Bui Mr. Kelly compared money laun- 
dering to a balloon, saying that "just as 
putting pressure on one end of the bal- 
loon will force air to the other, so too will 
effective enforcement measures force 
money launderers to seek new paths of 
lesser resistance. As a consequence, we 
cannot rest on our recent successes. 

New British Rules 
On Child Abusers 

Agemv Titinre-l'res/e 

LONDON — The British gov- 
ernment is expected Mnnday to an- 
nounce new measures to allow the 
police lo alert community leaders 
about convicted child abusers who 
move to their area. 

Under the regulations, the police 
can warn school principals and 
youth leaders of the presence of 
convicted abusers in their commu- 
nities. but only if il is believed dial 
they represent a threat to children. 
The measures were welcomed by 
the police. They oppose, however, 
the systematic release of names. 

The new code precedes die 
launch in September of a national 
register lo record the names of coii- 
vieletl sex offenders. Their names 
will remain cm file fur various fieri- 
oils, depending on die length of their 
prison sentence. 

Paul Rudolph, Architect Whose Buildings 
Marked the 1960s, Dies in New York at 78 

who wanted to break out of the mod- 
ernist mold Mr. Rudolph had helped to 
form. In recent years, his practice was 
largely concentrated in Southeast Asia, 
where respect for his strict modernist 
ideals endured. 

His best-known building was the Art 
and Architecture Building, a landmark of 
his years at Yale. Bui its reputation was 
iuH solely hased on the strength of its 
design. In 1969. die building became a 
casually of die 1 960s when a group of 
students set fire to the building, regard- 
ing its severe concrete design as a symbol 
of Yale's antipathy toward creative file. 

Afnr }.hA Hint's Service 

NEW YORK — Paul Rudolph. 7S. an 
architect whose career epitomized the 
turbulence that engulfed American mod- 
ernism in the 1960s. died here Friday 
from asbestos cancer, according to Ernst 
Wagner, a close friend. 

Mr. Rudolph leaves behind a per- 
plexing legacy that will take many years 
to untangle. Willi die exception of Louis 
Kahn, no American architect of his gen- 
eration enjoyed higher esteem in die 
1960s. As chairman of the School of 
Architecture at Yale University from 
1957 lo 1965. Mr. Rudolph wielded 
enormous influence over the direction of 
American architecture. His buildings, 
often in concrete with a textured finish 
that resembled corduroy, were widely 
studied and imitated. 

At the same lime, and partly in re- 
action lo his i nil lienee, die school be- 
came a liol house lor younger architects 

Herbert de Souza. 6 1 . who was nom- 
inated for die Nobel Prize for his crusade 
against hunger in Brazil, died Saturday 
in Rio de Janeiro from liver failure 
caused by AIDS, said I>r. Wallvr Vieira. 
Known as Bel mho. Mr. Souza Ixvaine 
inieeted durum a blood transfusion. 

Comoran Rebels 
Call for Backing 


MORONI, Comoros — Seces- 
sionist leaders on the Comoran is- 
land of Anjouan have called on the 
islanders to stand firm against moves 
by the government to restore its con- 
trol there, residents said Sunday. 

Journalists on Anjouan reported 
that a small number of Comoros 
troops landed there early Saturday. 
But Pierre Yere, an envoy of the 
Organization of African Unity, said 
government leaders denied this. 

Abdallah Ibrahim, who leads the 
secessionist movement, was de- 
clared “president" of Anjouan by a 
crowd of islanders last week. On 
Saturday, his bodyguards seized 
three government soldiers who they 
said had attempted to enter his res- 
idence and paraded the soldiers be- 
fore crowds of elated islanders. 

Islanders on Anjouan and nearby 
Moheli say they want to return to 
French rule, saying they have had 
only poverty and unrest since break- 
ing away from France in 1975. The 
poverty in the independent Islamic 
Republic of the Comoros contrasts 
with the comparative prosperity on 
the neighboring island of May one, 
which remained French. 


32 Die in Algeria 

ALGIERS — A bomb hidden in a 
baby's bassinet and another village 
massacre have left 32 dead in the 
latest bloodletting in Algeria, hos- 
pital sources said Sunday. 

The bomb exploded Friday af- 
ternoon in Djelfa. 300 kilometers 
( 1 85 miles) south of Algiers, killing 
at least 1 1 people and wounding 20, 
hospital sources said. 

And in the early morning hours of 
Friday, an armed group entered the 
village of Zeboudja, 100 kilometers 
south of Algiers, roused 20 people 
from their homes and proclaimed a 
"verdict.” TTie attackers then slit 
the throats of 2 1 people. 

About 20 other people were shot 
and wounded, some when they tried 
to flee. (AP) 

Inkatha Resisting 
South Africa Talks 

over testimony that linked the 
Inkatha Freedom Party to assassi- 
nation squads. Inkatha leaders have 
said they would break off nego- 
tiations with the African National 
Congress to end political violence 
in the troubled province of 

The move by the Zulu-based 
Inkatha Party, the second-largest 
black political group after President 
Nelson Mandela's African National 
Congress, was another attack on the 
credibility of the Truth and Recon- 
ciliation Commission. 

The body was created. to inves- 
tigate atrocities of the apartheid era 
and empowered to grant amnesty to 
those who confess. (NIT) 

Sao Paulo Police 
Abandon Strike 

SAO PAULO — The police in 
the Brazilian state of Pernambuco 
have relumed to work after a three- 
week strike for higher pay failed to 
produce any results, eily authorities 

"We can't punish society any 
longer for the government’s in- 
transigence.” the organizers said in 
a statement after voting Friday night 
to end the walkout. \ Rent its l 

Haitian Vows Move 
For Privatization 

prime minister -designate has prom- 
ised to push ahead with an economic 
plan that calls Tor laving off thou- 
sands of government workers and 
privatizing state-run enterprises. 

Erie Pierre, a inter- 
national banker, said many Haitians 
opposed the plan because it has been 
badly explained. 

President Rene Preval appointed 
Mr. Pierre in July. Parliament must 
approve the appointment, and he 
I aces Senate opp» is 1 1 i on. j A'« ‘ulcrs l 

For the Record 

Chile's Supreme Court has 
ordered a judge to investigate the 
disapjvaranco of 1 1 2 people arres- 
ted hy ( leiieral August,* Pinochet's 
weret police and believed to luxe 
been held in Colonia Digit idud. a 
religious complex founded b\ a 
German. t.\P) 

BOSNIA: Karadzic Must Co Voluntarily or Face Arrest, ILS. Envoys Bluntly Tell Serbs 

Continued from Page I 

flew around the region, Imwcvcr. re- 
mained limited to wltai a senior li.S. 
official described as "the knitting pro- 
cess’" [talicnt diplomacy aimed at 
jiuilmg ihc Serb. ( 'mat and Muslim jiarls 
nf Bosnia gradually into l I k* unitary stale 
foreseen in the Dayton jieave accord. 

II m lei extra pressure from Mr. Ilol 
hrooke and Mr. Gclhuid. lor example, 
tin* leaileis of fin* iluee ethnic groups, 
meeting in Sarajevo, tin* Bosnian cap 
i la I . agi ecd a fict inonl Its of wi a ugl i tig on 
how to divnk* up llu* country’s must 
mi|M>naiil aiiil>asxadni.ships. Alicraualt 
night negotiating session, a Sell’ was 

picked lor Washington, a Muslim lot die 
t lulled Nations and a Croat lor Tokyo. 

Similarly, mouths of argmiK'iils about 
relinking tile counliy’s telephone sys 
lems resulted m a ilccision to have a 
single country code foi Bosnia, bill with 
scjiarate area cotles tor the Muslim. Seth 
and ( 'mat regions, which remain distinct 
and hostile alter three and a half years 
of Moody ethnic conflict. 

But what jvrtiajxs will prove the most 
decisive step during the two envoys' 
visit cairn' from the NATO led jxcave 
keeping loiee that has Ihyii in Bosm.i 
since late 1995. 

(uncial line Shinseki. the l ' S. com 
1 1 under, announced Friday dial ’the well 

armed Special Police forces in Bosnia's 
Seri* Republic iicucclnrtii would I v con- 
sidered military ami I here fore subject lo 
control by NATO troops. 

Hie p.ti .mu lnary forces, estimated to 
mi mixer nlxout 2.0011. Uave Iven Mr. 
Karad/u-’.s main protection. Then eon 
trol b> jvncckccping troojxs if N.-YU > 
lolloxvs through mi Us pledge to rein them 
•u would significantly i uc i case Mr. 
Kaiad/ie’.s vulnerability In arrest and re 
•luce bis ability lo iiioxt nlxout freely. 

"Hk* decision, announced to cniiiciilc 
with Mr. Holbrooke s efforts. was wen 
as .uioilh'i pan ol the campaign to end a 
sense ol dull dial had settled over die 
Bosnia jHMecmakiitg effort of the l timed 



SIGHT.:;;-;. - 



Slates, uj. allio and international or- 
ganisation:,. Mr. Milosevic, a Serb na- 
tionalist who hel|vd precipitate the Bos- 
nian war from I'W’ to I* JOS. ha* been 
Mr. Kaiad/ic's s|*on.sor m die crusade ‘ 
lor a separate Bosnian Serb ivjuiblic. 
Because ol this role and the i*o\\ er of 

the 3 ugnsl.iv Army Washington has . 
relied on j„„, ;|S ,j u . „ llN lender capable 
ol lowing Mr. Karad/ic io surrender oi at 
least *lis;, p, vat from die political scene. . 

ixtr. Karadzic, who was pies idem of © 

Bosnia - Net I* Republic dm mg Hu* three 

, ;l h :' ] \ Wilis of fighting* has | V ei, 
indicted lot w;u crimes bx tin* Inter tonal ( foi ,|,e 
Former 3 ngosl.ix u in IV Hague. 

T _ 



-^,rj3 ^ 

“vv-.f. •’ 

?V 4;. 




n >: f? 





o' +44171 420 0348 

*v&r ' 


Executive Positions Available 

MTCRNA1XWAL Finance Services 
fares! Officer, weterat* 
i«iih «nan based, DurcKtrateh ' 
Oppormiy to ravel Ainca. 

. Eunice. USA - lor #» ngbi m^i a 
*wan Owihasre and CV wfl 
3*™ salary package Reopen. 
Ptease rapv to Scar Nf>3S4. iHT 
63 Acre. London WC2E SJH. UK 


AffTrwvrt Magazine seeks Weperfem 
aov.nismg sales representatives 

tun** to «l space to galfet- 
* s ** Pr«ixK prafsswar 

experience required, ao space 
e»peww and an mergs m ail 
preterred Please send resumed V 
K MeSssa Alonso Eurooean Director. 
ARTnevn, 3 i rue Saint Claries 75015 
Pas TarFax +33 (0)1 45 77 Si 90 

nesi magazine tooting tor English moth- 
er longue journal*! lo edit lexis and 
™ na V w*ers Knowledge ot compiler 
Wrsmess. maoaane producicn or larv 
SPSe skis (German S French) a plus, 
was* send cv and sample d wrua 
Euowan Sources end News 16 Boter- 
stram. 3030 Tenrursn Betoum. emaa. 
lOWlsicompuserve com 

bilingual EXPERTS needed, educated 
8 experienced in financial markets tor 
panw-mt, salanedlreeianceposftons 
as translators or editors Fax full 
tssjrrWMiafv requirements 10 TECTRAD 
+33 10J1M929310 Tel -33 (0)14492931 1 

SALESMAN for U.S. Medical Co. Ean 
58-1 OK USD menu Ply calling on bcal 
doctors. 7ft LIFELINE si- Z503PW4S5 
FAX 76»>360-1301 Aon. Roben. . 

Executives Available 

50 YRS EXECUTIVE 12 yrs knowtodge 
in direct selHnq In several Counnes 
ticks tor nen rite, qurt n lfc upote. 
BuUnj teamwork. creatine Tel- +49 (0) 
6171 52406 Fat +4? |D) 6171 560432 

General Positions Available 


PuMcann seeks experienced oners: 
1i financeHxsress news 
2l tetion rsfnrttig'erttmg 
Send response la 
GPO Box 11307 
Central. Hong Kong 
ATTN: Editor 

Educational Positions Available 



for Busmess Peapia. 

Dyramc, Friendly Team. 
Innovative Teaching MeBiods 
Paris-Sutiurts Woiim Papers 
Comptoir dm Lmgues(lH) 45 fit 53 56 

2 TEFL TEACHERS, 1 Tecflncaf Trans- 
law. 1 Director o< Slides - Nrtiw 
English speakers orty. Mn. 5 years ex- 
penfnee Tel Pans *33 (D>f 47 7B 44 68 



CONAJR Corporation, a major international consumer appliances 
jnammKforer, is seeking a uniquely qualified individual lo manage its European 
businesses, inis position will be based in Europe, will report directly id the 
Uioirmnn oi I Conp'n in the U.S. : and will hove ovetall responsibility for sales in 
Europe, which currently exceed $100 million, and will be working directly with the 
different countty managers in Europe. 

Ihe peisofl we are looking for must have the following: 

• Educated in Euiope, and fluent in English. French end Gennon 

• Extensive experience in sales and marketing in consumer appfiances or 
similar consumer goads 

• A history of increasingly rwponsibJe positrons in safe: and marketing in a 
major European consumer durables company 

• A history of lesponsible sales and/or marketing positions in q major 
U.S. company 

We require q proven track record ai international marketing ond 

cross cultural management, as well as demonstToied knowledge of, odoptobijjty to, 
and flexiiiSiy in dealing with different cultures and markets on a global scale. 

In summary, we are looking foi someone who ha: a total business and 
cultural understanding of both European and U.S. markets, ond con 
perform successfully in either environment. 

If qualified, please send resume in confidence to: 

Ann Marie Cioffr, Vice President, Human Resources 

Conai Corporation. 1 Cummings Point Road, Siamfoid C7 06904 USA 


find A JobFast! 


For its Plant in Egypt, important Chemical and Ptasnc 
Manufacturer owned and managed by Europeans, is seeking for its 
Plant located at 60 km East of Cairo: 

1. ) One Process and Maintenance Engineer 

2. ) Two Production Plane Supervisors 

Several years experience is requested with strong personality and 
leading commanding attitude. 

Interesting package is offered agreeable housing in a European atmos- 

Please answer with C.V. either by fax In Italy: 39121498264 1 
or by maif to Castelchiara-38 Mario Pagano StMUan-ltaly. 



The Ministry of Culture invites ail those interested to sub- 
mit applications for the position of Artistic Director of the 
National Opera. The successful applicant will have a 
three-year appointmemt. 

According to article 11. L. 2273/94 (Gov. Gaz. issue 
No A.233). ideal candidates should be individuals of 
acknowledged prestige, who are qualified as: orchestra 
conductors or directors distinguished in opera productions 
or opera singers of international reputation or composers 
specializing in the opera field. 

Candidates for this position should submit their applica- 
tions. along with all supporting documents as well as any 
additional relevant information, to: 

Hellenic Ministry of Culture 
Personnel Department, Section B 
20 Bouboufinas str. 

106 82 Athens - Greece 

until the 25th of August 1997, the latest. 

This call does not oppose existing Greek and E.U. laws 
concerning employment of foreign nationals in the public 


j/iV/.v ilms lr .fam.wif .in \fnit' n:il fvirolicr tlcm&cmrrtf. mules. 

I’hMliviuri.. 1 If. < rfclienlif jvur * ■ clunhcr? ni Afriijue Ju Swd : 

a> Manager, directeur des travaux. 

Ingenieur en TP. inj-enieur commercial, geshonnaire, 10 ans 
■^'experience min., rorte personnel ite, cknamique. bonne 
conruissanre tiu materiel de lerrassemenl. il aura pour mission : 

• De represenier la societe enters lei clients. 

• De coordonner la realisation des channel*. 

• De recbercher de nouvelles atonies. 

• De metl re en place les procedures de ^eslion des resources 
humaines el materielles. 

Laneue : anglais, t'rancais souhaite. 

Nalionalite amencaine souhaitee. 

bi Condiicteur des travaux. 

Ingemeur en TP. haul potentiel et rigueur. aulonome, dynamigue. 
Ires bonne connai«ance du mater 'el de terra&sement, juslinant 
d une bonne experience dans pofie similaire. it aura pour mission : 

• De realiser les chantiers qui lui auronf ete confie dans les delais 
el suivanl les normes requises, 

qui auront ele places sous sa 


Langue : anglais, iranqais souhaite. 
National ite americaine souhaitee. 

.'Viera d'adresser cofre O + photo : 

Boite pontile 36~. IHT. 92521 Neuillv Cedev. France. 



_ n Pafio «fi Siena 

Be part of the only true 
Pafio in ItelV- . ' 
*VKv Witness this Medieval 
horse race that began 
TOO years ago. 

, Celebrated July 2 and August lb 
IntonnatBn h tvLtfvpnvare bakwiv newmd 
Tel (39)377-286671 Fa 1391577-287381 

See WednesdayV intonuarirat 

for Busiiww Opportuniiics, . 
Franchise. Lnmwrt-iaJ Real Estate. | 
Trlmi mm uui tali n ai. Aulomolise 

and EntiTiamiwnl. 

To mirerfise n^irort Sarah Werahof 
on +U 171 n326 

or fax +VX 171 KO 0338 



ihl own >TT«r»r< 
fix questtns w queries atari toe <**»- 
By oi your nBKjwer. the sraius ol your 
sUBcrpian a abort ordering a srtsoip- 


E . 

is cafi the totanhg numbers 

Austria 0660 6120 Bel- 

.1 0800 17538 France 0600 437437 
Germany 0130 B48585 Uy 167 780040 
-Luxemtoug 0800 2703 NeUmlande 06 
Q22S158 Swedm 020 797039 Swtier- 
land 155 5757 UK 0800 895965 Else- 
where (+33J 1 41439361 THE AUEflk 
CAS: USA (IQlUrwl 1-8OO^K2084 
EbP^here i*H 212 7523890 ASIA: 
Hong Kong 2922 1171 Indonesia 809 
1928 Jean ton-free) 0120 464 CCT 
Korea 3672 OOU Llrtaysia 221 7055 
PWltonnes 695 4948 Singapore 325 
0634 Taiwan 775345B Thailard 277 
4485 Elsewhere 1+852) 29221171 


ENGLISHMAN 49, classical pemsT *■ 
vcrcetJ, success! j) Tinanoar tmsmess m 
Fregue. seeks ncnesi. aaracm-e cufrured 
gri between 16 S 36 yeas tor coTr<an- 
cnsfijp. tun & travel. Tel Fterue ,'420-zy 
5792 1687 

Auto Rentals 

FF500. 7 oa-,'5 FF15C0 Tel Fans +33 
(Otl 4368 Fax lOH 4353 9529. 

Legal Services 


ZA\ a Fax (714) 95W695. VJrle. 16737 
Beach Bfcd »137 Hunmgior Beach C* 
92646 USA- Hnal - ^oimQiunoayn 

DIVORCE IN 1 DAT. No iravrH Write 
Bw 377. Sutaay MA 01776 USA Ta 
50BW6397. Fail 5CB'443<nB2 


PARIS 8th - Consulting, Economic intelligence & 
International Affairs company seeks for its President 


5 to 10 years experience, English as mother tongue, 
must be computer literate. 

Full-time or part-time {30 hours per week). 

Send C.V. + motivation letter & photo. 
indicating on the envelope Box D483 - I.H.T, 

92521 Neuilly Cedex. France (who will forward). 


IIirA ni t*r IJild shops in 4 " morkvis around the n vrtJ. Tht BoJ\ Shop is a skin and hair l jiv 
company committed to animal ami environmental protection and respect for human rights. 

Due to the success achiaed in recent years and continued reinforcement of our brand imace and 
ei'mnjunieaiitTn in die iniemafional market. are eurrenrh 1 seeking suitably qualified canjidam lo 
fill the positions of 


for Southern Eli rope/Middle East - ref: iht/se 

ajND for Canada, the US, the Caribbean, 
Australia and the UK - ref: iht/na 

The purpose of these roles, is u> paniL-ipju.- in rhe Marker me: Communication Deparunent’s siraievncs tor 
these specified markets, aenne as a consultant within all areas of communt cations: PR. maikctinc. 
campaigns and sponsorship. The successful candidates will be responsible for handling pnyecis and 
managing relauonships with The Body Shop nurkeii in the relevam areas. 

We are looking for graduates (preferably with economics ««r comniuni cations degrees I. who have relevant 
international marketing and communication skills, with at least 5 years' experience acquired within (he 
FMCG sector or in markets related to strongly branded products uloihmg. entertainment, multimedia, 
publishing... i. Previous expenence in media. 1 acbenisinc agencies, with strong international invuivcmeni. 
would also be considered. 

The successful candidates will haw proten experience of eommumcanons. in these regions and 
especially in the US, displaying excellent knowledge of the local media. They will Ni expected to reside 
in the Untied Kingdom, with ihe availability to travel periodically 10 the specific markets. 

Fluent English, both written and verbal, strong communicaiton skills, the ability to negouate and sell 
ideas, flexibility, creativity, and the ability 10 work well as pan of an intenuuonal team are all essential 
lor these positions. The job holders will also have a good understanding of the cultural differences of 
these areas within their remit, as well as the pctenuul to develop within their role. Conditions of 
employment include a contract as regulated by English law. 

PR MANAGER - ref: iht/pr 

The Body Shop International is also looking fur a PR Manager 10 join its public relations team. 
The brief is to design, develop and cam out a lively, international communications programme, which 
promotes the Company’s business performance, policies and practices. 

This role demands proven writing skills, press and promotions expenence and excellent media contacts 
to ensure a consistent corporate message. A key pan of the job will be to proactively generate positive 
coverage for the Company's varied activities. The PR Manager will provide press support on finance and 
stakeholder communications, public affairs, our trading practices and protecting The Body Shop brand 
Ours is an enterprising, non- traditional environment where flexibility and creativity are essential. 

Your uTiung and PR experience (at least five years high-profile) will have been developed imerna! tonally 
id the media or the commercial sectors, but it is vital that you have the intellect and imitative to 
command internal respect and to make thmgs happen. Knowledge of European languages would be an 

When applying, please enclose examples of printed, published wriuna. 

To apply for these positions please send your cv promptly, to include current salary and quoting the 
relevant reference to: Gill Low den. Human Resources, The Body Shop International Pic. 
Watersmead, Uttieha rapt on. West Sussex. BN17 6LS. 

ffe welcome appfkmion s from tuilobh qualified people from all section \ of the community, 

regardless of nee, age, sexual oriemarian, retigfan, gender or disability. , _ 

Closing Date: Tuesday 26th August 1997 i 





s* Hotel & Tourism (fej 

1£54hl Leysin Switzerland 
X-l: -41 24 4S3 “717 
fax: 41 24 433 -.727 
email: hostaQ worldcom. ch 

U.S. A. 

“ PRE S T O N 


Wyoming, USA 


Business Administration • Computer Science 

Distance Learning i No classroom study! 

• Accredited * Licensed by Stare Depi. of Education 
- Member of .several professional associations 
- Student Loans • Scholarships 
• Also on-campus programs at Cheyenne campus in USA. 
and at 22 affiliated centers in four continents 


Dept. IHTS97. 1204Airpon Parkway, Cheyenne. WY 82001. USA 
Tel: +1 307 634 1440 - Fax: + 1 307 634 309 1 
Home page: http://w 
E-mail: presion (^Wyoming .com 



Frump) sripmert from HKG Please toe 
(49| 6171-900254 Of 652-25222040 

i t 




the aoRLirs ovm ^eusfapea 


Place your Ad quickly and easily, contact your nearest IHT office or repre»nlaliv«^ yajr 
You will be informed ot thBOOst' ^ar^^rapted 6 ^° UI " ^ Q ^ 3ear w ^ im ^ 


GoJe Kfa'. rSet«5, Lede f 
Tel (01141 
^(01)41 4393/D. 

3? Awtonolaveia. 

Tel Bi7 Bl J. ror- B6i Vs4 
EUB0P6 Fi«drc*»"3HS ra. 

fox o^jwasoao 




je A* . AWmCwtof- 


A*he«. *** f 
Tel *3Di/aBS;» 


riw^ 1 

Id 35£5603?K 
Few: 253 508 . , , 

Kb® 20123 M/ 

Tel 12158315748 
Fc*. f21 545 2573 
i/rmtaouBO 57 

• tix 34S 07 57 ■ ■ 


pjnr 35 SOcSSlS^ 



V i«55«*72 


Ida PO.Bw 


1081. 2775 reraae. 

Lisbon, Pwtu^J 
Tel ■ 351-1-457-7293 
Ft»c 351 >1 -457-7332 
SPAM Alredo Umhiff 5am»Bi*i 
Alerts Akeoer 46^ , , 

Office 11 - 6,28016 Modnd. 

Trf 45733 Fbc 436074. 
SVvnffiaANKWcnhaJl Water 

100® Mr- S-*wtind 
TA f021|728 M2l 
Fac (0211726 3051 

iMTH) KNGOOW: 63 Irog Acre. 

Td 0171 8364802 ' 

Ti»2£2D39 Foe 240 0336 


Uj/tftDcr.rwllohJ’OB W, 
Td- '’72^9-36245 


to. <074)42837? 


major 1 


RHU8UC OF YEfrOt Contact Icndw 
63 Irrm Acn, London WC2£ ’H 
Td..7I S56^!80Z 

to 71 24Q2254 


EGYPT: lffctotaft ICGeOTtSArab 
Mahandesune. Ca«. S^pl 
Id 3490B38 
Vx. 21274 VKOIM 
to 3444429. 


tnari 2123. . 

Tel (271 11 6033852. 
to [2711) BC13 9509 


NEWTOMt650U»ilArt lOffiB. 
fti^VcA.MY 10022. 

Td. (212) 752-389C Td me 
<800)572-7312 . 

TEXAS: Pepper Murphy. SO) Cw«Dr 
Pt®Dme#fi2.HcuS3n T*77079 
to 29I-4?i- 5 £S4 
Tol Ftw 800-526-7857 
ABG9ITWA:MxeA^? onB 

W»wae«J Hedd Trfainf 
l£5 Buewa hints. Aiganwc 
DertTel « 541 806 ^ 

Tel /to 541 802 37W 

BOUVlA: NiatA 0. texb ^* l,l F p 


W I57F315399C0 

to (591-31 399=0 

Ai Gdbriol P’olunJ 
01445900 S* 3 ^ SF.I 

Tel -I55M5B53 4123 
to 15511) 652 £425 


CHB£ Manuel Adiurro. Hufrfanca 863. 
H» 9 Coda 2506. 
Td {562)432 7937 
to 1X30320126 

fO!iFtfr»xioSQim«to ' 

GJdww 1 55. ftso2.5onladro. 
timer 27. Pali 
Tol (511)442 8840 
to 151 1) 4«l 6422 


HONG KDNGc Mefayin Bkfc ■ 7*i 
Fbix 50 GbjceSw ftw. Hcnq 
Kong V [852)2022-1188 
Ih. 61170 IhTHX. 
to (852) 2O22-M90 

NXfctemyD Ma^y.fcmnjrMahy 
go^0, Bewboy 400 051 
Id m 5 P»4. to <45 *372 
TV: 1135T7I/2716ADL 

HDONESIA: Mi Yw/ Punomwcri, 
PbcJic teefTHBito. lflrii.R. 
Ai^deia BuJdtng. Jofan had 

Td- 62-21-2511484/1445 
tin. 65722 LI3KMA. 
to «-:i-251 2501 

HeraUTnfauM ffrgKrq Otar 

nenw * r. 7- 

jOKTr !Fftto«hiN* w »r»P« faCtefcm.lWu 


Td 320I02W 

.11* J33673 to 3201 0209 

KOREA: X HeewlUm 

HamCimmunajIK™ ^ 

fijjjri file-. Pow 
404 £a«ebolt'- , 

Send 121-020 . Mm 

Tel 718 3281/3282. 
to 7183283 




MALAYSIA: Anelraw MexArtu 
c/a Uxoan MdayujM) Bhd 
T^gLct 7 MbvjtqPGKM 
Sfc. 0 JttoWu.Ovra. 

Kudo Umpiir 5ft) OO 
Td (6(331 9812614. 
to [£03)982 7751 

NS*AL: Blieem TnvisMia. Mecto South 

Ana (F) bd LaBmpK-2. Somina 
torie.PO toBwe.Koriwxmlu. 
r*pd Td. [977-11 420.848 
to (977-1)421 179 

PAXKUN: Anl Sdshuddir 
NS Meefa Sales pvniti. 
AlAPencrana Centre 
tow Jnuh Read 
Kondn 75530, Pt*e»i 
Tel 567 3628/6901 
to 560 3933. 

PHUWB: MsButgUCnwis 
Aua Pocffie baaiwe APEX 
Busnss Center Inc 
Sufc 91 QW, PfilVppha Siodr 

POBw 1^4.0 *bm Canter, 
IWQr. 1 iQSPblppam 
Td 1632)637-3211 
to 1*32) 63^0751 

5B4GAFOK. BMW: 88 dub Street 
SngoponB 06956 
Tel C651 2236478. 

TLl 28749 HTSW. 
to 325 0341 

THAIlAhO, BURMA: Ywn Wan Outrw, 
bnmedete Medio 1*1, Room 7-D. 
7A 8 , Vaiwsa Buitm. 29 
Sa Cbjam. PbandteKiod. 
FtatwiHien, teaidaA (0330. 

Tel- 367-9164. 267-9165 
to 267-9' 66. 


mtoumt , 


Hcnne S GuKsr Ply. Ud. 
lewl 7, 8! Colira Sw« 

Mitxwme 3000, Ausurfo 
Tel 96501100. 
to 96506611 

Business Opportunities 








Please coma Ban Defter. MD 


24-02 Bank d America Tower 
12 Haircut Road. Cental. Kong Kong 
Tet 852 25220172 Fat B52 25215399 
WeO pages: WWW 0CRAC0M 


Ifel BsXtjXaUnvciting 
MalFtaB-rai Services WonMde 

Aston Corporate Trustees 

19 Peel Rod, Douglas, tale of Man 
Tati 444 (0) 104 6*591 
Fac +44 (fl 1624 625128 


Teh +44 (0} 171 233 1302 
fine +44 (0) 171 233 1519 

E Mail: 

OfFSHME C0HPANES. For tree bro- 
ctus or atMra Tet Loraton 44 181 741 
1224 Fax. 44 181 748 6558/6338 

KONG KONG CO. SS20. Annual coSI 
SB5a SR Ud 701, 35 Queens^ Rfl. C. 
W. Tflt 8S2-S2H27S F» 28400217 


with, conespondeni leiatioueirip. 

Class A comnwicial license. 
Immediate dairreiy. DB 560,000. 

Nassau, Bahamas 
T el: (248) 384-7000 Flue (242) 394-7082 
Agents Wanted Worldwide 


New Lower 

Germany 31 cents 
Japan 38 certs 
France 33 cents 
UK 20 cents 

-No Sel up Pees 
’ No Mrinvms 
* Sb Second B*nq 
344m MrtD-Sngual Customer Sarvce 


'4172nd Mm «. a 
Iftetlt.m 9B119 

Where Standards are S*L not tiet! 
19 Tel; 12061599,1981 
BnaH: Wo©kallw*xtHii 

Business Services 

Bond Street - Mai. Phone, Fan. Telex 
Tet 44 171 290 9000 Fax 171 499 7517 

Business Travel 

let/Busfaeu Hass Prequtfi Travelog 
WnkhridB Up lo 50% off No coupons, 
no restrictions. Imperial Canada TeL 
1-514*341.7227 Fax: 1-514-341-7998. 
e-mail address: imperials login net 

Capital Available 


svafeife ta refinate 
or wotting captal ta 
mrmial bare, 

No unhurt lees 
Par riemsw FAX: 
011-40W3W847 USA. 

Financial Services 


Verture CaptaJ France AvsiaUe 
for Govemmert Projects and 
Gmerrmere Corrpantes 
that are tor sale 
Large Projects our Spectatey 
Also. Long Tram Finance (or 
Large am Smal 
No anunsson Una I 

Needed to act 36 Liaison 
Please rent-/ m Engfeh 

Investment bankers 
1B311 VMura Bbd, Srtte 999 
- Enclno. Cafibmti 91435 USA 
Fax No: (BIB) 905-1690 
TeL: (818) 789-0422 
Hotend Sr. Asset DetaOG.Lflfyaad 

Real Estate 
for Sale 

Paris and Suburbs 

ILE ST LOUIS owner setei'rert 90 a;rri, 
50 sqm. iMng, i bedroom. 4jn floor-W, 
sun. Tel 33 (0il432688ffi & OS0O31O32Z 

Real Estate 
for Rent 

French Provinces 

LUE. Distort: center, top ftor'lit. 5E 
sqm. + terrace. But 1992, mas- 
ter bedroom with shower, parting 
FF5;000 lift Tflf. +33 (Off 83 47 22 E 

Paris Area Furnished 

Hendfttefl quaNy aparaneres. 
el sizes Pans and starts 
Tdt *33 (014268 35 80 
Far +33 (0)1 42 68 35 61 
We help pm bestl 

16th, BY OWNER, tinmoue. long term. 
42 sqm. ton fractal bathroom, loggia 
FBJOO Tgt *33 (0)1 40 68 23 W. 

16th, near Passy. charming, elegant 5- 
room fta, 130 sqm. sunny, tetany on 
qmei ganten Owner *33 fun 45ZT9573 


• Top quality courses for adults 

in Bordeaux 

• Teenage Summer Programs 
tr— = — in Bergerac & Biamtz 

I Course Clemenreau. 
35000 Bonjeauv - France 
E.-moi)-blsi( r imafiineL It 
T eL J33l5 56 51 00 76toi33l J 56 51 76 11 , 


Ideal acommodstai: studo-5 bedrootns 
OuaDiy and serves assiaed 
Td t33i 0)1 43129800 Fax [0)1 43129008 



fiflrirted aparnm, 3 nrnte at mm 
oi uriumished. refttenrial areas 

Tel: 433 

Fat +33 

(0)1 42 


25 32 25 

63 37 09 

Paris Area Unfurnished 

140 sqm. quel, bngtu. classic Pane 
txdrtng. tow cornnsson (0)i 4023 9434 

PARIS MARAIS, mortem apartmeni Z 
rooms, duplex, 65 sq.m., m, quia 
F7.0CO * charges Tel- (0|3 2S2 3237 


msts. From sluiios to 4 bedrooms. Ta 
♦41 22 735 6320 Far t4l 22 736 2871 

Holidays and Travel 


Day tops vnBi lunch, to see eridangem! 
pink dotobns. Tet i8M) 2984 -hm 
Fat (8SJ) 2983- 8609. ‘ 
imp-ihiwwjtenei nm'doiphlns 

MONDAY, AUGUST 11, 1997 






India’s Challenge 

Sribunc Inherited Social Values May Be Stalling India 

THE » V.IIWCTO' HIST */ W , . - ... l,. 

India is observing its 50th an- 
niversary as a state with a certain dif- 
fidence. A mere half century of modem 
political engagement is not all that 
great an achievement for a people who 
measure their culture, tradition and 
identity by the millennium. For the rest 
of us, however. India’s real achieve- 
ment is putting together the two. To 
retain a tradition and sense of self and 
to build a state and a modem society — 
now there is something worth hailing. 

Not that India's last 50 years have 
recorded only unblemished progress. 
The great wound of national creation— 
the bloody partition of the British Raj 
into India and P akis tan — has yet to be 
healed. Given the weapons now avail- 
able. the divide mortally threatens both 
parties to it. (That Pakistan’s grip on 
security, democracy and even national 
continuity is still uncertain doubtless 
explains why its own 50th anniversary 
celebration is so modest.) Economic 
growth and redistribution have been 
tackled in India by different methods — 
currently by a free market The results 
are formidable, but most of the billion 
Indians still live in dismal poverty. 

Indians have won special respect for 
their twin triumphs of accommodating 
in their fashion an astonishing ethnic 
and religious diversity and — more 
astonishing — doing it mostly demo- 

cratically; Indira Gandhi's passing dal- 
liance with authoritarianism is an ex- 
ception. These heights could not have 
been scaled by a country without In- 
dia’s deep commitment to universal 
human values, as distinguished from 
the "Asian values” now lauded by 
apologists for anti-democratic rule. 

Modem India has found its own way 
in the world. Its democracy earned it 
favor in a United States fixed on Cold 
War competition with the Soviet Un- 
ion. even as its postcolonial tendency 
to lean lefr in domestic ideology and 
foreign policy gave many Americans 
regular bouts of heartburn. 

Meanwhile, alarmed first by a nu- 
clear China, India itself went quietly 
nuclear, prompting rival Pakistan to 
follow. The Cold War has now been 
subtracted from the Asian equation. 
That leaves India ro work out a difficult 
ethnic and nuclear inheritance. 

India’s defining test, however, is 
alm ost certainly going to be to raise 
itself economically and socially to a 
higher plane. It is not right that half of 
the men and two-thirds of the women 
in the country are illiterate, and that the 
numberof citizens in poverty still rises. 
No one who admires India can doubt 
that it has the capacity to do this 
massive and essential job. 


Brazil’s Police Scandals 

Brazil's crime rate is among the 
highest in the world, and among the 
most lawless Brazilians are die police. 
Police in that country are the most 
brutal in the Western Hemisphere, as 
feared in poor neighborhoods as any 
criminal gang. Lately, police in a 
dozen states nave been on strike for 
higher pay. They deserve raises, but 
increases should come with new 
policies that discourage violence and 
prosecute policemen who kill. 

Police nave become notorious for 
killing marginalized Brazilians such as 
street children and landless peasants. 
Most victims are young, poor and 
black. The numbers are staggering. In 
1992, police in relatively prosperous 
Sao Paulo, population 15 million, 
killed 1.190 people. The same year in 
New York, half Sao Paulo's size, po- 
lice killed 25 people. 

Many Brazilians back the police, 
arguing’ that in a country where the 
justice system is broken and inves- 
tigation is a little-known art, police 
have no choice but to kill suspected 
criminals. But a recent study of thou- 
sands of victims showed that most had 
no criminal record. 

After the police in Sao Paulo state 
massacred more than 100 unarmed 
prisoners in 1992 while putting down a 
prison rebellion, authorities began a 
program to reduce violence. Police who 
kill are taken off the streets for three 
months and given psychological coun- 
seling. Sao Paulo also established an 
ombudsman's office to take complaints 
about police violence, which have often 
led to criminal investigations. The new 

ideas have helped. Last year the police 
in Sao Paulo lulled 106 people. 

In Rio de Janeiro, by contrast, police 
killing s are rising sharply, due to hard- 
line policies. One misguided new pro- 
gram rewards police with substantial 
bonuses and promotions for hraveiy. 
According to Human Rights Watch, 
many have qualified by killing suspects 
and then falsely reporting a shootout 

Brazil erupted over the issue re- 
cently because of two secretly taped 
videos that made their way to national 
television. They show police robbing, 
torturing and extorting money. One 
policeman is ca ugh t ki U ing a passenger 
in a stopped car. 

The videos gave a modest lift to the 
attempts of president Fernando Hen- 
rique Cardoso to reduce police vio- 
lence. A year ago he introduced a hu- 
man rights plan with several important 
measures for combating police brutal- 
ity. including stripping military courts 
of jurisdiction over police killings and 
allowing federal prosecutions of se- 
rious human rights crimes. Few of these 
proposals have become law, but after 
the videos were aired Congress passed 
a law criminalizing torture. 

It will not be easy to turn Brazil’s 

police into law-abiding citizens. Their 
brutality is reinforced by a crisis in the 
court system and Brazilians' tendency 
to confuse poverty and criminality. But 
the country's experience shows that 
when government officials stop tol- 
erating police violence, the violence 
drops^Mr. Cardoso and the governors 
need to use their powers to the fullest. 


Difficult Korea Talks 

The onset of four-power talks on 
Korea — South and North Korea, the 
United States and China — marks a 
new phase in the post-Cold War effort 
to settle down the dangerously divided 
Korean Peninsula. The preceding 
phase saw a difficult and delicate ef- 
fort. which continues, to buy out Com- 
munist North Korea's nuclear bomb 
program with South Korean, Japanese 
and American company and aid. Now 
Washington, Beijing and Seoul are 
opening with Pyongyang, and with 
each other. a negotiation intended ini- 
tially to bolster confidence and sta- 
bility and eventually to produce ar- 
rangements. perhaps a'peace treaty, to 
end the 1950-1953 Korean War. 

The talks that opened in New York 
Iasi week were a year in the making, 
and the North Koreans made an ev- 
ident effort to put on their best face. 
They returned remains of four Amer- 
ican soldiers lost in what was in many 
ways The bitterest Cold War conflict, 
linked up some phones to South Korea 
and the like. 

Right now North Korea is in the 
gravest need of large quantities of in- 
ternational food aid in order to keep a 
large and vulnerable population from 
starving, or further starving; the United 
States is, as it should be, a large con- 
tributor. North Korea then wtil need 
the resources to develop an economy 

ravaged by a half century of Com- 
munist doctrine, mismanagement and 
the loss of crucial subsidies when the 
Soviet Union went down. 

You would think that all this mis- 
fortune would make the North Koreans 
eager to show the sort of international 
reasonableness that would help unlock 
the rewards they crave. But the handful 
among them who make the decisions 
have an iron priority — their own main- 
tenance in power. This is what inclines 
them to base their bargaining strategy 
finally on the threat of their country’s 
collapse and aggressiveness. 

Their message is not only that others 
should feed their people but that others 
should also confirm their authority; 
otherwise they may unleash either 
floods of desperate refugees or the 
forces of their well-fed army. That 
37.000 American troops stand vulner- 
able on South Korea's territory ac- 
counts for the keen American interest 
in a controlled winding down. 

Preliminary talks last week ended 
without agreement on an agenda for 
future negotiations, and are to be re- 
sumed next month. The going will be 
tough. But a compelling national in- 
terest requires the United States to stay 
warily but constructively engaged with 
the North Koreans in order to reap 
what benefits can be gained. 


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3/WT. /ij/rne/mwaj/ Herald Tnhuv All rights reserved ISSS 

P ARIS — The 50th anniversary of 
India's independence is the 50th 
anniversary of Indian democracy, a 
formidable achievement. But this is 
also an anniversary of profound and 
con tinuing economic ills. 

India's lagging economic develop- 
ment is a rebuke to facile formulas for 
creating economic growth, including 
the most recent of these: that market- 
opening and globalization would do for 
India today what socialism was unable 
to do for it yesterday. 

In 1950, postcolonial India had the 
strongest economy in Asia, with 2 per- 
cent of world trade. Its share in world 
trade today is 0.8 percent, and its eco- 
nomic rank is now near the bottom in 
Asia. Infrastructure such as roads and 
railways — British India’s pride — has 
crumbled. The national power system 
is breaking up. India today attracts less 
foreign investment than Vietnam. 

The blame for all this conventionally 
is placed on the Fabian notions of Brit- 
ish socialism taught in the 1940s and 
1950s at the London School of Eco- 
nomics. where many of India’s young 
leaders studied Certainly India in the 
1950s set out with a naive industri- 
alization model, and built irrelevant 
steel and cement plants as part of a 
centralized economic plan much in- 
fluenced by Soviet industrialization. 

It shared all the Third World de- 
velopment illusions of the period But 

By William Pfaff 

other countries which made the same 
mistakes have since recovered. 

India failed to gratify its founders’ 
expectations for growth and prosperity, 
and now it has disappointed the hopes 
held just a half dozen years ago, when 
its leaders accepted a new model of 
development through global trade. 

Markets were opened to the world, 
and it was held that India could become 
the next of Asia's "tiger” economies. 
The economy prospered in certain 
fields. For a time, foreign investment 
came, driving up real estate prices in 
Bombay and other south Indian cities, 
and introducing ■a fraction of Indian 
consumers to the questionable pleas- 
ures of satellite television, shopping 
malls and franchised fast food. 

A young and educated work force 
created an important software industry. 
Such firms as Goldman Sachs do New 
York back-office work in Bangalore. 

But self-sustaining development has 
failed to follow. The Times of India 
writes of ” a sense of abject resignation, 
an increasing sense of drift” 

William Dalrymple, a British cor- 
respondent is among many who make 
a formidable case blaming corruption 
for this. The failures of government 
have left rule to criminal gangs or land- 
lords' private armies in some areas. 

Corruption as well as economic suc- 
cess are connected to cultural factors 
that are often misinterpreted. 

A new management book which 
praises ’‘East Asian” business values 
qprf recommends them to the West 
(called “Mastering the Infinite 
Game”) cites interesting surveys con- 
trasting Asian and Western altitudes. 
Needless to say, Asia's "tiger” eco- 
nomies rank high on "stakeholder re- 
sponsibility/’ cooperative work solu- 
tions, consultation, consensus, team re- 
sponsibility, concern for “taking care 
of one's fellow man even when it ob- 
structs freedom.” and so on. The 
United States and Britain — champions 
of individualism and competition — 
rank in the last 10, or are last, in all these 
values. (India was not surveyed.) 

Interestingly enough, however, in all 
seven of the categories dealing spe- 
cifically with work, ammdes, where 
Asian countries collectively dominate 
the positive responses, France is in the 
top 10 more often than any Asian “ti- 
ger.” other than Japan. New Zealand is 
in the top 10 as often as Thailand. Ger- 
many, Ireland and Italy are all there. 

“Asian” values are not exclusively 
Asian. So, are “Asian values,” as gen- 
erally understood, really what causes 
success? I would argue that the national 
cultural attitudes which affect econom- 
ic performance fundamentally derive 
from religious values. 

This is what Max Weber argued 
about capitalism where it ongmat^, in 
Europe. He said that a specifically Prot- 
estant ethic shaped capitalism in the 
17th and 18th centuries in Britain and 
Holland, and was responsible for its 
success amo ng Protestant minorities 
elsewhere in Western Europe. 

In India, pre-independence capital- 
ism and industrialism developed 
chiefly in the Parsee community, 
Zoroastrians of Persian origin, who 
take a robust view of the struggle of 
good with evil, and believe in indi- 
vidual human responsibility. 

Hinduism expresses an other-world- 
liness with respect to earthly rewards, 
and teaches resignation before apparent 
injustices in life. If one's destiny is to 
be a sweeper, this traditionally hasbeen 
thought an ineluctable destiny. On the 
other hand, a position in die highest 
castes does not have to be earned. 

This system produces public irre- 
sponsibility and conduces to a certain 
passivity with respect to crime, a tol- 
erance of corruption connected to the 
belief that the individual's real purpose 
is withdrawal into an impersonal world- 
spiriL It is scarcely the capitalist spiriL 
The inherited, values of a society do 
shape its modem practices, but in far 
more complicated ways than most 
present discussion acknowledges. 

International Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 

Mideast Impasse: A Firmer Clinton Line Would Be Helpful 

people of the Middle East 
could have used some clear, 
firm rhetoric from the leader of 
the Western world. Bill Clinton 
settled for a sound bite. 

“There is no parallel be- 
tween bombs and bulldozers,” 
he said at his sunlit conference 
on the South Lawn of the White 
House last week. 

There is, of course, no par- 
allel between the bombing of 
the marketplace by Palestinian 
terrorists who killed 13 and in- 
jured more than a hundred oth- 
ers. and the provocative Israeli 
home construction in disputed 
areas of Jerusalem. No one is 
saying there is — no one. that is, 
but Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu. It is only Mr. Net- 
anyahu's savage retaliation — 
razing the homes of "Palestin- 

By Mary McGrory 

ians who had no demonstrable 
connection with the atrocity — 
that seems to be inviting some 
sort of equivalency. 

A more rational response is 
called for than his reckless at- 
tempts to destroy Yasser Arafat 
asa leader — and as a partner in 
a stalled peace process. 

in another brutal move to 
weaken and discredit the Pal- 
estinian leader. Mr. Netanyahu 
has confiscated Palestinian tax 
revenues collected by Israelis, 
making it impossible for Mr. 
Arafat to pay state workers. 

Yasser Arafat is a difficult 
collaborator, there is no argu- 
ment about that. He has failed 
to address terrorism in crack- 
downs and 'round-the-clock vi- 
gilance — all required to stop 

suicide bombers. Denunci- 
ations of violence are not futile; 
they can help create a climate in 
which everyone understands 
that violence is not a political 

Tnere is certainly no reason 
to believe that the maniacs who 
struck the Jerusalem market 
have any more interest in peace 
than the fiends who recently 
shot two policemen to death in 
Northern Ireland. 

On the other hand, Mr. Net- 
anyahu’s policy of punis hing 
the innocent and his hard-line, 
macho statements do nothing to 
advance mutual tolerance and 

Secretary of State Madeleine 
Albright has outlined the “un- 
helpful” actions on both sides 

— the sloppy Palestinian police 
work, the provocative Israeli 
settlements that contravene the 
“land for peace” philosophy 
embraced by the late lamented 
Yitzhak Rabin. 

Mr. Clinton, resolutely sunny 
at his press conference, ex- 
pressed some sympathy for Mr. 
Arafat: “I know that sometimes 
Mr. Arafat feels like he’s caught 
in the middle, between his own 
popu lation and their discontents 
ana frustration and his frustra- 
tions in dealing with the Israeli 

Mr. Clinton knows that more 
is expected of him in the Middle 
East than on. say, campaign fi- 
nance. where he seems equally 
detached. The finest hour in his 
first term came on that Septem- 
ber afternoon in 1993 when he 
nudged Mr. Arafat and Mr. Ra- 

bin into a historic handshake. It 
seemed then, and seems now, 
his best bet for a legacy. 

But his reserve about the 
crumbling peace process, which 
looks to be in an almost terminal 
stage, makes you wonder how 
much he will fight for that par- 
ticular claim on posterity. 

He has made a few passes at 
the race question, but that will 
take more commitment than he 
has yet shown. The balanced 
budget won’t get him gold in 
the record books. 

He is on top of the worldrigfat 
now. His approval rating is at an 
ail-time high (64 percent). It's 
the Dow Jones, not Paula Jones, 
that determines his standing. 

He could take risks, if he 
were so inclined, but he doesn't 
want to take anybody on. 

The Washington Post. 

Trans- Atlantic Strains: A Snapshot From the European Side 

er voice demands to be 
heard in the debate shaping up 
in the U.S. Senate this fall on 
what is likely to be the make-or- 
break NATO enlargement issue 
of whether Europe is carrying 
its fair share of the load. 

In this heavy-stakes debate 
over the whole shape of the 
Atlantic world. Europe itself 
will be insisting that it is doing 
its share and then some. 

It seems it is dawning only 
slowly on Europeans this sum- 
mer that tiie American-inspired 
project — enlargement — 
which they hoped would rebind 
the allies and fit the alliance out 
for a post-Cold War future is in 
fact straining their ties and rais- 

By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 

ing difficult and even existen- 
tial questions that they had not 
expected they would have to 
deal with at this otherw ise tri- 
umphal time. 

I have presented f Opinion. 
Aug. 2) an American snapshot 
of these gathering tensions 
taken by Senator Joseph Biden. 
Here is a European snapshot, 
this one by the departing British 
ambassador, John Kerr, a dip- 
lomat who made it his business 
to keep in touch with Congress. 
He presented his personal re- 
flections to the Atlantic Council 
at the end of July. 

You will not be surprised to 
learn that Mr. Kerr stoutlv re- 

buts any suggestion of Euro- 
pean freeloading. This is the 
charge at the core of American 
concern over the durable and, if 
it is not skillfully tended, cor- 
rosive issue of trans-Atlantic 
* 'burden-sharing.' * 

On its three key aspects, he 
argued this way: 

European Union. Central 
Europe’s enthusiasm for NATO 
has dispelled easy thoughts of 
diverting NATO applicants into 
the European Union. Nor will 
Europeans take kindly to ap- 
peals to set aside economic and 
monetary union in order to 
speed EU enlargement. 
Americans have underesri- 

So You Think Men Are Smarter? 

male friends tell me that I 
generalize too much about 
men. That’s so true. It’s one of 
the flaws of women generally. 

A new study has found that 
men have an average of 4 bil- 
lion more brain cells than 
women. The Danish research- 
ers who made the discovery 
that men had about 23 billion 
and women 19 billion were 
flummoxed about what men do 
with all their extra neurons. 

“It's the part of the brain 
that has to do with abstract 
thinking, with fantasizing, 
with speech ... higher brain 
function," Dr. Bente Pakken- 
berg, a female neurologist who 
examined the brains of 94 
adult corpses, told The Wash- 
ington Times. * 'There was a 16 
percent difference in the count 
— almost 4 billion fewer nerve 
cells in women than in men. 
That really surprised me.” 
(And those men were dead!) 

I can remember a time 
when this information would 
have alarmed me. But that was 
before 1 got to know men so 
welL Now I am serene in the 
knowledge that even if they 
are Big Brains and we are 
Little Brains, they will 
squander that advantage. 

Here in Hollywood, a place 
run largely by men, television 
and movie executives use all 
that higher brain capacity de- 
rising ingenious ways to pay- 
stars more and more millions 
ro perform less and less orig- 
inal material. 

Back in Washington, a 
town largely run by men. they 
use all that edge in thinking 
and speaking to show that they 
are emotionally unsuited to 
hold high office. They lie and 
plot and scheme with iaugh- 

Bv Maureeu Dowd 

able inepmess to overthrow 
each other and scratch each 
other's eyes out. They pout 
and weep and leak to report- 
ers. They close down the gov- 
ernment. hold up flood relief 
and block ambassadorial 
nominations over personal 
slights and petty rivalries. 

On Wall Street, the 
testosterone center of Amer- 
ican finance, the stock market 
behaves like an irrationally 
exuberant or unexuberant 
Victorian lady, full of whims 
and inconsistencies — some- 
times bustling about, over- 
wrought with joy. and then, at 
the merest hint of a change or 
problem, getting the vapors 
and collapsing on rhe fainting 
couch, fluttering her lacy 

It is discouraging that not 
only are women's magazines 
all about making men happy. 
Men's magazines are all about 
making men happy. 

But looking for clues to 
what's bubbling around in 
those overstocked cerebella. 

I peruse the literature of the 
omer gender. 

The September issue of 
Men's Fitness offers “10 Hot 
Tips for Great Sex" and 
“Swinging Spots to Let Your 
Hair Down. (No. 2: the hot 
rub at the Cliff Lodge. Snow- 
bird. Utah. No. 10: the In- 
dianapolis 500. ) 

The August Men's Health 
advises. "Train for Great 
Sex." (“Three new positions 
for making love — and more 
important, how to pull them off 
without injuring yourself.” > 

GQ's August issue touts 
"Marathon Sex: Pace Is 

Everything." The September 
Details offers ‘ ‘The Secrets of 
Seduction: Women Reveal 
What Makes Them Say Yes.” 
(Technique No. 6: "Encour- 
age her to order more food. If 
you tel I a woman to get dessert 
you have a very good chance 
of seeing her naked.") 

So men are splurging about 
2 bil of those neurons on se- 
duction techniques and sex 
fantasies. The rest they spend 
obsessing about tighter abs. 
Web sites, thinning hair, stock 
tips and better gear — the 
sport-ute bike, cross-training 
socks, graphite clubs. Lycra 
cycling gloves. Fila Metal 
Rake Slides and the Leaiher- 
man Super Tool — which can 
do anything from fixing land- 
ing gear to removing a fish- 
hook from somebody's head. 

August Men’s Health has a 
feature called “Grill of Your 
Dreams: Sleek machines that 
let you broil, smoke, sear — 
and scare the neighbors." and 
another about how to properlv 
outfit yourself to fly-fish. 
("It's not that you necessarily 
need all the stuff — you can 
catch plenty of fish with an 
S89 blue-light special fly-fish- 
ing outfit — but owning and 
appreciating good equipment 
is a big part of what makes fly- 
fishing so much fun."i 

By my calculation, all this 
narcissistic nonsense brings 
their brain cells down to 14 or 
15 billion, which puis us 
ahead. And there's worse 
news. guys. Dr. Pakkenberg 
muses that "maybe we'll find 
it's much more important how 
they are connected than how 
many there are." 

Get il? Generally speakin" 

size doesn’t matter. " 

The iWu Yirrli Times 

mated the ease of EU enlarge- 
ment. Admitting the 1 1 applic- 
ants, with more than 100 
million people with a per capita 
wealth only 15 percent of the 
EU average, would be harder 
than adding all the Latin states 
south to Ecuador to America’s 
free trade area. 

"I hope that the NATO en- 
largement debate here won’t be 
laced with criticism of the pace 
of parallel EU expansion. 

NATO costs. The most po- 
litically sensitive issue. But the 
“strikingly high” numbers in 
the current Rand and Congres- 
sional Budget Office estimates 
use threat "assumptions which 
no NATO government accepts. 
Even the Clinton administra- 
tion's lesser numbers are im- 
plausibly high. 

The American share of new 
direct costs ($9 billion to $12 
billion over 12 years) is less 
than $ 150 million a year. 

Europe's refusal to pay the 
whole S12 billion to $ 15 billion 
in indirect costs has stirred 
American complaints of slack- 
ing. but these costs are assessed 
to meet force goals that NATO 
has never met. 

Senate ratification is “far too 
important to be sidetracked by 
political accusations based on 
creative accountancy — let’s 
wait for real numbers, based on 
real new requirements/’ 

Bosnia. Britain doubts that 
the Dayton peace settlement 
can be completed by the time 
the United States wants to with- 
draw its ground troops next 
summer. But, although London 
is prepared to stay, it will pull 
out if Washington does. 

Why? NATO “tested to de- 
struction” in 1993-1995 doing 
the job with others’ troops on 
the ground "and the U.S. 
second-guessing from the side- 
lines.” Don’t blame the Euro- 
peans if a NATO force in Bos- 
nia including Americans cannot 
be sustained. 

John Kerr's tight-upper-lip 
bottom line: 

“An alliance that walked 
away from Bosnia next summer 
would be one that didn't match 
up to the aspirations of those 
invited, at Madrid, to become 
its new members. Since I don't 
think I'm alone in taking this 
view, I am convinced that both 
1998 debates (on NATO rat- 
ification and on Bosnia] will 
come out right. I don't believe 
we are about to betray ... those 
who built our alliance, or those 
who for half a century have 
longed to join iL” 

Much of politics consists of 
depicting your own political 
priorities as unchallengeable 
and controlling, and the other 
guy’s as arbitrary and change- 
able. NATO military-cost es- 
timates. EU and NATO en- 
largement criteria. Bosnia 
policy-making: All these are 
considerations subject to the 
ebb and flow of events and the 
cut and thrust of debate. 

What must be said now is that 
in the American debate the ad- ' 
ministration has far to go to 
show that NATO enlargement 
is not only worthy as foreign 
policy but also manageable as 
politics. The Europeans have 
their purposes: we Americans 
must think out our own. 

The Washington Post 

K s 


1897: Spanish Tenacity resultant pandemonium. 

PARIS — [The Herald says in 
an Editorial:] The death of Sen- 
or Canovas. the Spanish Premi- 
er, has caused the profoundest 
sensation throughout the civ- 
ilized world, reviving rhe deep- 
rooted aversion there is for the 
Anarchists: Secretary of State 
Sherman is reported as stating: 
“The death of one man is not 
necessarily going to change the 
sentiment of the whole country. 
Spain is a very tenacious coun- 
try'. Her money is gone, her re- 
sources have been exhausted, 
but she means evidently to hold 
on to Cuba. Just how she can do 
it under these circumstances I 
cannot see, yet she is opposed to 
yielding a single point.” 

1922: ‘Peace’ in Italy 

ROME — While Fascisti Depu- 
ties were reaching for their hip 
pockets and fisticuffs were be- 
ing exchanged in the Chamber 

with resultant pandemonium. 
Benito Mussolini, chief of the 
Fascisti. declared to a reporter 
that Italy was now entering a 
period of civil peace. The Fas- 
cisti have decided not to support 
the reconstituted Facta Govern- 
ment, but will keep the peace 
unless the Socialists or the Gov- 
ernment attack them. 

1947: Jewish Goal 

LAND SB ERG, Bavaria — 
Scores of Jews who have 
suffered torture and privations 
in the last eight years welcomed 
United Nations investigators to 
their displaced persons camp 
and asserted with emotional un- 
animity: “We want to go to Pal- 
estine and nowhere else.” The 
committee men listened with 
sympathy to this ambition but 
several of them wanted to find * 
out to what extent the Jews have 
been propagandized into their 
fervor for the Holy Land by the 
activities of political Zionists. 

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Cutting-Edge Surgery and Other Bloopies 


By Willia m Safire 

*om copywriters wbo practice the pi 

etI Y °i„P rsuasi0n: ever-le^ 

coveted Bloopie Awards. 

• T** is *e airline industry dom- 
mares. British Airways.” snarls its 
competitor. Virgin Atlantic. 
conragmg any passenger who can say 

“*■»«* class isn ’ 1 the most 
comfortable in the air to write and tell 
them why. 

v™ V encouraging the reader to 
nmik of Bnnsh Airways in the sin- 
gula: ‘British Airways is." Fine- 
that s American usage. But it (Virgin 
construed as singular) cannot with con- 
sistency use pronouns about BA one 
Single unit, such as their and them. The 
only correa forms are its and it. (The 
way to get around that is to make che 
subject ‘ ‘the folks at Brirish Airways * ’ 
or ‘ ‘those Establishment stiffs tryin« to 
dnve us upstarts out of business.” 
which would then take a more personal 
persona] pronoun.) 

Over at Continental Airlines, they 
boast that customers at Newark Airport 
know that “shops and restaurants are 
abundant and customs are speedy." 
While studies of Aborigines in Aus- 
tralia may deal with their customs. 
which is the plural of custom , the 
United States Customs Service con- 
siders itself singular and you better 
believe it or the customs officer will 
make you lay out all your Paris-pur- 

from of a” 'ho* 
er passengers. Customs, when used 

du£?i. t ^ or ? ai ? i2ation <har collects 
fluaes, is singularly tough. 

aim^2J pany f ven ° ne mat makes 
auplanes — may be a neutral entity, a 

beloved institution or a despised con- 

b “? « is not a living thing. 
Gulfstream Shares asserts. '‘Compa- 
nies Who own business jets Outperform 
companies who don’t." Th7 ante- 
cedent of who should be a person: 1 am 

According to L’Oreal, 

‘Vive means life.’ Not 
finite. As they never say 
in Paris, ‘C’est la vive/ 

willing to extend this to a dog with a 
personality, but an inanimate object or 
orgamzation takes a which. The flex- 
mie that can apply to people or things. 

And speaking of life: L’Oreal. the 
rrench cosmetics firm that has come 
out with a line of shampoos and con- 
ditioners called Vive, contributes to 
global linguistic confusion with its slo- 
gan "Vive means life!” Not quite. The 
French word vivc is the subjunctive 
form of the verb virre. “to live." and 
moans “Live!" or "Long live.” as in 
"Long live frizzy hair!" The noun for 
life in French is vie. which can some- 
omes be en rose. As they never sav in 
Paris, C’est la vive. 

In a similar error reflecting a cultural 
gap. Isuzu has a line in its television 
advertisement for its Trooper utility 
vehicle that goes, “You don’i have io 

buy the farm to get one." Unfortunately. 
//’ buy the farm is an old aviation ex- 
pression meaning "to crash and bum." 

Worse than the French nor knowing 
French or Japanese not being hip to 
macabre Americanisms is the commu- 
nications company who t whoops!) that 
communicates clumsily. "Never has a 
dangling modifier fetched such a hand- 
some price,” writes Peter Maiken at 
Beloit College in Wisconsin, enclosing 
a full-page ad from The Wall Street 
Journal by Lucent Technologies that 
reads. “Since inventing cellular and 
after introducing digital wireless, wire- 
less office systems and cordless phones, 
it seems that anyone can get ahold of 
you no matter where you are. " 

As it stands, that sentence makes no 
sense at all. It could be improved, 
though not undangled, by changing 
inventing and introducing to the in- 
vention of and the introduction of. 

A heart -stopping headline reads, 
“Do You Have Chest Pain?" A special 
Bloopie for unintended vividness goes 
to the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical 
Center, which describes itself as "a 
leader in cuning-edge research and heart 
surgery." The hyphen helps a little. 

Proof that ideas are better than auto- 
mobiles can be found in a Mercedes- 
Benz accessories ad that rates this 
year's Disaster Bloopie. "Her trade- 
mark has always been making ait out of 
the everyday.” lire copy begins. 
"First, she was taken with fruits and 
vegetables. Next, she was inspired by 
popcorn, footballs and sharks. Then 
one day, Nicole Miller was struck by a 

AVii- York Times Sen Av 

U.S. Decided to Spur Mideast Talks 

Clinton and Advisers Agreed Original Strategy Had Faltered 

By Steven Erlanger Americans also plan to press Mr. that American involvement had mover 

and Ali son Mitchell Arafat to hODor his commitment, some- from almost unnecessary to absolute^ 

Pseudoscience. Superstition and 
Other Confusions of Our Time 

.By Michael Shermer. Illustrated. 
Foreword by Stephen Jay Gould. 306 
■pages. $22.95. WJi. Freeman & Co. 
Reviewed by Richard Bernstein 

T HE United States is a country where 
phone lines are clogged by people 
dialing the Psychic Friends Network to 
get some hints as to their future pros- 
pects. If you are among these psychic 
friends, or if you are one who believes 
in creationist science or has had an ont- 
of-body experience during which you 
had a taste of the world to come, then 
this book by Michael Shermer is going 
to challenge some of your most cher- 
ished notions. 

Shermer teaches the history of science 
at Occidental College in Los Angeles 
and is the publisher of Skeptic magazine, 
which wages the ''battle of rationalism 
and science against superstition and 
wishful thinking. 

In "Why People Believe Weird 
Things,’ ’ he provides a catalogue of silly 
and sometimes pernicious notions, rang- 
ing from iridology (by which specialists 
claim to be able to diagnose, say, kidney 
disease by examining one’s iris) to Holo- 
caust denial to recovered memory syn- 
drome, reliance on which has actually 


sent a few people, accused of having 
committed crimes decades earlier, to 

Beyond his expose of contemporary 
superstition and oiher forms of non- 
sense. Shermer attempts to describe not 
just what people believe but also why 
they believe iL His book is far better in 
the exposd sections than in the explan- 
atory ones, where despite the promise of 
his title he has little new to say. Early on 
he demonstrates the pervasiveness of 
mysdeal beliefs, citing a Gallup Poll of 
1991 that showed 52 percent of Amer- 
icans believing in astrology. 46 percent 
in extrasensory perception and 42 per- 
cent in communication with the dead. 

“Other popular ideas of our time that 
have little scientific support include 
dowsing, the Bermuda Triangle, pol- 
tergeists, biorhythms, creationism. lev- 
itation. psychokinesis, astrology, ghosts, 
psychic detectives. UFOs, remote view- 
ing, Kirlian auras, emotions in plants. 
life after death, monsters, graphology, 
crypto-zoologv. clairvoyance, medi- 
ums, pyramid power, fairfi healing. Big 
Foot, psychic prospecting, haunted 
houses, perpetual motion machines, an- 
ugravity locations and, amusingly, as- 
trological birth control.” 

No doubt superstition is widespread. 
Still, Shermer would have done well to 
exercise a bit of the skepticism he pro- 
claims as his guiding principle, asking 
bow this alarming poll was conducted 
and whether it measured real conviction 

or a casual flirtation with notions of the 
invisible. Do more than half of Amer- 
icans really believe that being a Taurus 
makes them different from being a 
Capricorn, or do they just consult their 
horoscopes for fun? The distinction is 
too important to have been neglected. 

In any case, when Shermer recounts 
some of his own adventures in the de- 
bunking trade — he is often invited to 
appear on television, for example, to 
refute the claims of psychics — his 
account is lively and interesting. 

In the besi parts of Sherraer’s book he 
shows how some of the more popular 
mystical practices work — how, for ex- 
ample, a skillful psychic can stun an 
audience by seeming to know intimate 
details of the lives of some of its mem- 
bers, when, in fact, all he or she is doing 
is uttering generalities and making 
shrewd observations of particular in- 

“Why People Believe Weird 
Things" turns in its final chapters into a 
kina of intellectual autobiography, not 
devoid of self-promotion, in which Sher- 
mer anoints himself expert on a huge 
array of subjects. 

But in those areas where he is expen 
— the persistence of superstition is the 
most important — his book provides a 
useful antidote to the nonsense that sur- 
rounds us. 

Richard Bernstein is on the staff of 
The New York Times. 


By Alan Truscott 

O NE of the teams in the 
final of the American 
Contract Bridge League s 
Summer Nationals in Al- 
buquerque, New Mexico was 
a foursome of players who 
regularly represent Poland in 
world championships: Cez- 
ary Balicki, Adam Zmudzin- 
ski, Merek Szymanowski and 
Martin Lesniewski. Their 
teammates are Tipton Golias 
of Beaumont, Texas, and the 
team captain. Grant Baze of 
La Jolla, California. 

In the semifinal play, the 
Baze team won impressively 
by 3 ^ imps against Nick 
Nickell of Manhattan and his 
team, who were trying for a 
fifth straight victory. 

The other finalists were 

James Cayne, Alan Sontag 
and Mark Feldman, all of 
M anh attan. Michael . Passell 
of Dallas, Chuck Burger of 


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West led the heart five. 

West Bloomfield, Michigan, 
and Michael Seamon of 
Miami Beach. 

Jill Meyers of Santa Mon- 
ica, California, Randy Monrin 
of Napa, California, Tobi 
Sokolow of Austin. Texas, and 
Mildred Breed of Woodway. 
Texas, who will represent the 
United States in world ebam- 
pionshipplay in Tunisia in Oc- 
tober. won the Women's 
Knockout Team title teamed 
with Renee Mancuso of Re- 
dondo Beach. California, and 
Shawn Quinn of Katy, Texas. 
Their margin of victory was 60 
imps over a group led by Kath- 
ie Wei-Sender of Nashville, 

The diagramed deal helped 
Meyers and her teammates 
win their semifinal match. 
Against three no-trump, she 
led a heart in spite of South’s 

bid of that suit. Her partner, 
Monrin, made the expert play 
of the queen from the East 
hand. South did well by hold- 
ing up her king, but it did her 
no good. The hearts were 
cleared by the play of the ace 
and another, and West had a 
spade entry to score two more 
heart tricks and defeat the 

This was an elegant ex- 
ample of when not to play 
third-hand high. In the replay. 
East played the heart ace on 
the first trick and returned the 
queen. When Quinn as South 
won with the king, she was 
protected against another 
heart lead from West: A spade 
was led. and West took the 
king. She shifted to a club, but 
South was able to establish her 
ninth trick in diamonds with- 
out losing the lead to East 



i Webster's. e.g.: 

BOnes easily 





i« Dwelling place 
17 Green shot 

i* Cheek cosmetic 
M Parts of ®s. 
at Diagonally 
aaPut safety to 

bed. as a child 
a Steal carte 

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33 Practices in the 


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*7 Octopus's 
3 * Cheryl of 


33 Louvers 

40 Lavish affection 


41 Lubricate 

42 taxonomic 

43 Clerics’ confab 

44 2 or 3. maybe, 

on the Richter 

44 Macbeth and 

<e — 




53 Dry bouquet 

88 and ay 

& Poppy product 
eo Stead 
Si 1995 porcine 

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53 Muscat's land 
t4 Rainless 

35 Lip-curting 

M Telegraphed 
«7 Caddie 

i Train stop 

a Trooper on the 

a Children’s 
string game 

4 Syllable of 
• Aid fora 
« Dismounted 
7 Suz2yone 
3 Mythical 


9 British sir 

10 Cuts short, as a 
space flight 

11 Verb 

«2 Advantage 
13 Prophet 
si Smooch 
32 Picks Out 
24 Northern Iraqi 
27 'The Windsor 

2* Praise 
» Biggest portion 

31 Absorbed by 

32 Scraped (out) 
31 Coin hole 

34 Twosome 
ja Great San LBke 


38 Nagger 
48 One turning 

42 Nylon, for one 

<3 Skiers' wish 
45 Treat badly 
47 Quantity 
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si jazz pianist 

aa Cny noth of 

53 Some camp 



54 “Once -7-* 

wne-. • 

€> New York Times/Edited by Will Shorts. 

ss Beget 
54 Margarita fruit 
37 Uke Jack 
Sprat's diet 
at Dracula, at 

A ’ev York Times Sen ice 

WASHINGTON — On June 1 9, after 
one more trip to the Middle East by a 
special presidential envoy had ended in 
failure. President Bill Clinton gathered 
his vice president and senior foreign 
policy advisers in the Oval Office for a 
basic rethinking of their strategy in the 

U.S. intelligence reported growing 
frustration among Palestinians in the 
occupied territories and warned of new 
violence. It was dear that political re- 
lations and trust between the Israelis and 
Palestinians were deteriorating at an 
alarming rate. 

All of Mr. Clinton’s key aides attended 
the meeting: Vice President AJ Gore: 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright: 
Samuel Berger, the national security ad- 
viser, and Dennis Ross, die special en- 
voy. For 90 minutes, senior officials said, 
the discussion went back and forth about 
their shattered hopes for getting serious 
peace negotiations started a gain , and 
about what Washington should do. 

That June meeting began a process 
that gathered momentum after last 
month's suicide bombings and culmin- 
ated Wednesday when Mr. Clinton's 
administration pledged to move more 
actively to revive the foundering Middle 
East peace talks. 

In this major shift of strategy. Wash- 
ington has adapted a proposal first made 
by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
of Israel in April: to speed up the 
timetable for talks between Israel and 
the Palestinians and address the most 
nettlesoroe issues of a final settlement. 
U.S. diplomats would be a forceful pres- 
ence at the table alongside Israelis and 
Palestinians, to press both sides. 

The announcement of the new ap- 
proach capped months of growing un- 
ease and impatience with the stalemate 
in the region. At the meeting there was 
fundamental agreement on the need to 
act and save the peace effort but dif- 
ferences over tactics. 

Mr. Gore, who throughout his career 
has been a strong supporter of Israel, 
argued for caution about pressing Mr. 
Netanyahu too hard in public, in large 
pan out of concern that such a tactic 
would backfire, officials say. 

Mrs. .Albright, who had made a point 
of not traveling to the Middle East until 
she could preside over some tangible 
progress, took a harder line, largely sup- 
ported by Mr. Berger. She argued that 
the time had come for a more active and 
intrusive U.S. role, pushing both sides 
harder with clearer and more candid 
U.S. ideas. 

After the June 19 meeting, the pres- 
ident flew to Denver for a summit meet- 
ing at which France and others pressed 
for a more active international role in the 
Middle EasL And on June 22. traveling 
to the Denver airport after that meeting. 
Mr. Clinton. Mrs. Albright and Mr. Ber- 
ger spent 30 minutes in the back of the 
presidential limousine discussing what 
steps to take. 

By the end of their ride together, they 
concluded that Washington had to move 
more forcefully to revive the peace ef- 
fort with a package of U.S. ideas. By this 
logic, the central premise of the 1993 
Oslo peace accords, that gradual ne- 
gotiations would build trust that would 
allow both sides to navigate the con- 
tentious issues involved in any final 
settlement, no longer held. 

Instead, because Israel had a new 
prime minister more skeptical of the 
Oslo accords, and because Yasser Ara- 
fat, the Palestinian leader, was failing to 
enforce control over militant terrorist 
groups, bitter disputes had only 
deepened the gulf between the Israeli 
and Palestinian sides. 

The U.S. officials concluded that the 
time had come to speak out and press 
both sides ro move directly to formulate 
a final peace agreement, as long as the 
Palestinians retained what they had 
gained at Oslo, notably two further Is- 
raeli troop withdrawals. 

For months, both Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Gore had been reluctant to get into a 
public dispute with Mr. Netanyahu, a 
senior official said. Their support for his 
opponent. Shimon Peres, in Israel’s 
1 996 election had created a need to build 
trust with Mr. Netanyahu, and both the 
president and the vice president were 
wary of offending American Jewish 

“Let’s say they were "more cautious 
than Albright and Berger,” the official 

They particularly wanted to avoid a 
public fight, the official said, because 
they felt publicity might push Mr. Net- 
anyahu into too tight a comer about 
fundamental decisions that could be 
more easily made in private. 

But by the end of mat limousine ride 
in Denver, the president had concluded 
that the previous approach, holding 
back and helping the Israelis and Pal- 
estinians try to work matters out among 
themselves, would not work. 

“It was clear that they weren’t going 
to get there themselves,” a senior U.S, 
official said of the Israelis and Pal- 

“They had lost the ability to find the 
current to jump into, let alone die right 
direction to swim.” 

And dial meant, another official said, 
"putting American ideas on the table — 
even if they are unwelcome to either or 
both sides.” 

The idea is to use American me- 
diation on die toughest issues of final 
status: whether Palestinians would have 
a state of their own, what to do with 
Palestinian refugees and how to resolve 
both sides' claims to Jerusalem. 

“If the parties have a clear mutual 
and favorable sense of the ultimate di- 
rection of negotiation,” Mrs. Albright 
said in a major policy speech Wednes- 
day. * ‘it will be easier for them to over- 
come setbacks and avoid distractions 
along the way.” 

The Americans also plan to press Mr. 
Arafat to honor his commitment, some- 
times broken, to maintain security co- 
operation with Israel while they push 
Mr. Netanyahu to freeze new construc- 
tion in Jerusalem and withdraw troops 
from the West Bank, as Israel agreed to 
do in the Oslo accords. 

The suicide bombings in Jerusalem 
only accelerated Mr. Clinton's decision 
to move more quickly and more pub- 
licly. the officials said. * 'We decided to 
try to use the bombings as an oppor- 
tunity," one said. "It was time to shake 
both the parties. ’’ 

At White House meeting July 31. the 
day after the bombings, the decision was 
made to send Mr. Ross back to the 
Middle East to work on security co- 
operation. If he made progress "there. 
Mrs. Albright was ro go at the end of this 

Mrs. Albright’s speech announced 
the new strategy and criticized Mr. Ara- 
fat strongly for not meeting his com- 
mitments on security. But she also made 
explicit criticisms of Mr. Netanyahu’s 
actions in areas such as house-building 
in parts of Jerusalem, establishing more 
Jewish settlements and confiscating 
Palestinian land. 

Previously, the peace effort nearly 
came to a bait in March when Mr. Net- 
anyahu authorized new housing for 
Jews in Jerusalem, at Har Homa. He 
argued that this step did not legally 
violate the Oslo accords, but the Pal- 
estinians said it altered the face of Je- 
rusalem. something that was supposed 
to be agreed upon only in final-status 

Three days after construction began, 
a terrorist bomb killed Israelis in a Tel 
Aviv cafa. Together, those events ripped 
huge holes in a fragile trust. 

Mr. Netanyahu "felt that Mr. Arafat 
was breaking his promise to provide 
security: Mr. Arafat said Mr. Netanyahu 
was acting unilaterally ro undemrine the 
Oslo accords and preempt the final- 
status calks: Palestinians and Israelis 
stopped talking to one another in a se- 
rious way. 

The Clinton administration, said 
Richard Haass. a Middle East expert in 
the Reagan White House and now at the 
Brookings Institution, "was slow to re- 
spond. almost as if they didn’t realize 

that American involvement had moved 
from almost unnecessary’ to absolutely 

By the end of June, officials said, it 
became clear that a high-risk strategy of 
going for final-status talks, as Mr Net- 
anyahu suggested earlier, was better 
than the current rancor, as long as Mr. 
Arafat could be convinced that he would 
not lose the troop redeployment sched- 
uled in the Oslo accord. 

In late June and July, a package of 
proposals was drafted to try to reconcile 
the commitments made at Oslo with the 
idea of speeding up the final-status 
talks. U.S. officials felt that it would be 
possible for Mr. Ross to push Mr. Arafat 
to resume security cooperation and to 
push Mr. Netanyahu to halt new housing 
construction in Jerusalem. They also 
expected Mr. Ross to be able to settle 
details on other issues, such as opening 
an airport and a seaport in Gaza for the 
Palestinians and guaranteeing them safe 
passage between Gaza and" the West 

With that work accomplished. Mrs. 
Albright would then go herself and try to 
press for enough mutual guarantees to 
get the two sides into accelerated final- 
status talks. 

After the bombing. Mrs. Albright 
wondered whether the situation had be- 
come so bad that she should go sooner 
rather than later, a senior official said. 

“After some brief discussion, rhere 
was a quick consensus that her trip 
should be announced but conditioned on 
results." an official said. Mr. Ross 
would go first, as one official put it, to 
“try to get the temperature down." 
With Israel preoccupied with security 
problems, ibis official said, “it would 
have been hard for her to have the con- 
versation she needs to have." 

“While the impermissibility of vi- 
olence is paramoum," another senior 
official said, "we have to persuade the 
Israelis to stop making things worse by 
creating unilateral facts on the 

But given the current rancor in the 
Middle East, he said, he was more wor- 
ried now about Mr. Arafat's agreeing to 
the necessary moves on security. “We 
have to succeed in getting the security’ 
right first.” he said. “Then the other 
pieces can fall into place.” 

\inffh A 

A detained Palestinian resting his head on his bands Sunday as he waited 
for release while an Israeli officer ate lunch at the Bethlehem checkpoint. 

MIDEAST: U.S. Envoy Meets Obstacles 

Continued from Page 1 

Sunday morning that there had, in fact, 
been “an almost total lack of cooper- 
ation” even in the aftermath of that 
incident, which killed 13 Israelis and 
two suicide bombers. Mr. Arafat had 
also said that Israeli security officials 
had told the Palestinians that the at- 
tackers had almost certainly come from 
outside the West Bank and Gaza, and 
may have been members of the Iranian- 
backed Hamas. Bur when asked about 
that claim Sunday night, Mr. Netanyahu 
flatly labeled it as “false.” saying thai 
no Israeli officer had provided the Pal- 
estinians with any such information. 

The attackers have not yet been iden- 
tified. and Mr. Netanyahu cautioned 
that the evidence is not yet conclusive, 
but he said that what has been gathered 
so far “points directly to the assistance 
of terrorist organizations operating in 
the Palestinian territories.” 

A top adviser to Mr. Netanyahu. Dav- 
id Bar-Illan, also said that Israel had 
seen nothing ro support another claim 
made on Saturday by Mr. Arafat, that 
the Palestinian authorities had made ar- 
rests and seized a new cache of weapons 
and explosives in the West Bank. 

Israeli officials have also voiced 
alarm at discussions within the Pales- 
tinian legislature about beginning con- 
scription within territory under their 
control. The plan has been described as 
an attempt to promote national service, 
but the Israeli officials have said that in 
practice it would serve io establish a 
Palestinian army in violation of the 
peace accords signed by both sides. 

Mr. Ross and his team spent two and 
a half hours meeting with Mr. Net- 
anyahu and other Israeli officials Sun- 
day morning, and three and a half hours 

meeting with Mr. Arafat and Palestinian 
officials Sunday afternoon. He met later 
with President Ezer Weizman of Israel, 
and was to meet again with Mr. Net- 
anyahu and then perhaps return to Mr. 
Arafat for another sess ion. 

“1 have a sense that we can find ways 
to move forward, but it will take a lot of 
work." Mr. Ross said Sunday after- 

Mr. Weizman. who has generally ad- 
vocated a more moderate approach than 
Mr. Netanyahu but exercises no official 
power, said: “We will do everything to 
avoid going into a hot conflict, and right 
now it seems as if it’s moving in that 

Another potential complication to 
Mr. Ross's mission arose in southern 
Lebanon on Sunday, where a guerrilla 
attack left one Israeli soldier dead and 
another wounded inside Israel's self- 
described security zone. Israel rarely 
takes casualties there without mounting 
retaliatory raids. And because another 
attack Sunday included the launch of 
Katyusha rockets that struck an orphan- 
age inside the zone, wounding two ci- 
vilians, it seemed possible that the level 
of violence between Israeli forces and 
the Iranian-backed militiamen could 
widen further after a week in which 16 
people have been killed. 

Toward the Palestinians. Israeli of- 
ficials maintained the same rigid line 
they have adopted since the suicide at- 
tack in the Mahane Yehuda marker. 
Despite American protests, voiced from 
Washington last week and presumably 
repeated by Mr. Ross on Sunday, Mr. 
Netanyahu said he would continue to 
halt millions of dollars in monthly trans- 
fers owed to the Palestinians until their 
authorities begin to take action against 
suspected militants. 




CM, ; 

Ebner Seeks 
Bigger Stake 
In Insurer 

| - Bloomberg News 

Swiss investor Mar- 

reports published Sun- 

day that his firnds were striving for at 
least a 50 percent stake in Winterthur 
Insurance and may already control 30 
percem of Switzerland's second- larcest 
direct insurer. 6 

“vestors, Mr. Ebner’s 
•i said funds, which 

include BK Vision and Stillh alter Vi- 
sum, wanted a share “of more than 50 
J,erce £ t y “ Winterthur “in the long 
£ er J*J' He ^d he and his clients now 
hold about 30 percem” of die in- 
snrer’s shares, according to Sonntags- 
buck, a Swiss Sunday newspaper. 

• Mr. Ebner told the paper his funds 
now hold “about 25 percent of the 
shares, and with the shares of oar cus- 
tomers, we have about 30 percent al- 
together.” That would value the shares 
he currently controls at 4.04 billion 
Swiss francs ($2.7 billion). 

■ Mr- Ebner, who brought shareholder 
activism to Switzerland, also owns a 
quarter of Union Bank of Switzerland’s 
registered shares, giving him 12.8 per- 
cent of voting rights and 43 percent of 
the capital. For more than three years the 
Swiss investor has been locked in a legal 
battle whh the bank over the introduc- 
tion of a new share structure. 

He said last month his investment 
funds had raised their stake in Win- 
terthur to 18.3 percent and said he be- 
lieved the insurer was a takeover can- 
didate as insurance and banking 
industries consolidate. 

“It’s simply a declaration of intent,” 
said a Winterthur spokeswoman, Anne- 
Marie Kappeier, of the letter. “What's 
important is that Winterthur has a 5 
percent limit on voting rights” of share- 

Ms. Kappeier said the insurance firm 
was not concerned about a takeover of 

ZL*; d fa fr , i r moir n '+sOSzm*. . 

B Minn SHwidapoun/Bwtn Bangui 

In prosperous times, cars snarling up Bangkok in 1990. An economic downturn may see less traffic on the streets. 

Thai Go-Go Economy Stops Dead 

Too Much Credit and Weak Government Blamed for Sudden Fall 

On the Swiss exchange on Friday, 
Winterthur shares rose 8 francs to 1 p 15 
Bancs in a falling Swiss market; so far. 
this year, they have jumped 95.74 amid 
takeover talk, the best-performing stock 
in die benchmark Swiss Market Index. 

Thyssen Views 
Kr upp Merger 

CanpSnU^Oto- SufF/aat Dupwcta 

DUSSELDORF — Thyssen AG and 
Fried. Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp will 

of their flat-steel units is completed that 
could lead to a full merger, a Thyssen 
spokesman, Reiner Hocbscheidt, said 

Thyssen and Krupp agreed in March 
to fonn a steel joint venture after Krupp 
A lau nche d an unsolicited 14 billion 
® Deutsche- mark ($7.5 billion) bid to take 
over all the operations of its larger rivaL 
As part of the agreement, the two 
companies said they would consider 
'possibilities for further cooperation. 

Mr. Hocbscheidt said there had been 
“initial contact” between tbe Thyssen 
chief executive. Dieter Vogel, and the 
Krupp chief executive, Gerhard 
Cromrae, about new talks. Negotiations 
between die two companies will begin 
in September after the steel joint venture 
•begins operating, he said. 

■ “There will be talks,” Mr. Hoch- 
-sebeidt said. “But if they will lead to 
wider cooperation, and if so, what kind 
of cooperation, remains entirely open. 

While it is possible that die talks could 
„ lead to a merger, Mr. Hochsdieidtcould 
E§ not confirm a report m Der Spiegel 
T magazine, which cited no sources, that 
Thyssen will takeover Krupp if the new 

talks succeed. , _ , 

Thp mercer talks are at snen an act- 

ViUKai stage tot Mr.Voget 
Thyssen supervisory board on Julyl7 of 

^discussions, Spiegel said, 
to exceipts released before publication 
Monday^ ( Bloomberg . Reuters) 

By Keith B. Richbuig 

Washington Post Sr nice 

BANGKOK — Nearly two dozen new cars sit collecting 
dust on the eighth-floor parking garage of a high-rise office 
building on a busy commercial strip — Mitsubishi, Hy- 
undai, Daihatsus and a Ford Aspire, all once owned by VIPs, 
all repossessed after Thailand's credit bubble burst and the 
owners couldn’t make the payments. 

Not far away, a Mercedes-Benz dealer reports he has 
started selling used care because people no longer can afford 
his new ones. . 

On tbe omskins of the capital in a development called 
Golden City, along a mile-long street lined with coconut trees, 
huge glass and steel apartment and office towers sit as empty 
as a ghost town. The project seemed like a good idea during 
Bangkok’s go-go years, when investors snapped up units 
hoping for a quick resale. Now, Golden City stands as a 
testament to years of overbuilding. 

Just a few months ago, tins steamy and congested capital 
was known primarily for its ostentations affluence — the 
luxury cars snaking bumper- to-bumper along traffic-clogged 
streets, the booming stock market, glitzy new shopping malls 
with die latest fashions, yuppies on cellular telephones jam- 
ming trendy eateries. But today the signs are not of affluence 
but of a dramatic economic downturn. 

International flights from Bangkok are seldom full because 
few middle-class Thais can afford cosily overseas vacations 
these days. Restaurants once crowded at lunchtime have 
available tables. Expensive golf courses are no longer as 
crowded on Sunday mornings, regulars say, and longtime 
Bangkok residents even swear the city's notorious traffic 
jams have eased a bit. with fewer private cars on the streets 
because of repossessions and higher gasoline prices. 

For Thais, long accustomed to annual economic growth of 
8 to 10 percent and fat yearly pay increases, the hod news is 
dial things are likely to get much worse, and soon. An increase 
in the value-added tax to 10 percent from 7 percent that is due 
to take effect shortly will increase the price of almost every 
consumer item except fresh foods. The crisis in the financial- 
service industry, which caused the shutdown of 58 ailing 
finance firms, could result in as many as 1 0,000 layoffs. Some 
economists are predicting as many as 100.000 layoffs overall 
by year’s end, particularly as new construction halts and 
manufacturing slows. 

An International Monetary Fond bailout plan will mean 
further increases in electricity and fuel rates. “All their 
household expenses will go up, and nobody’s giving out 
raises," an American banker said. “What people worry about 

are protests in three months’ time. 

All this sounds like a description of a basket-case de- 
veloping country, not Thailand. After all, Thailand was held 
up as a model of bow a developing country could get it right 
liberal investment and export policies, a diversified econ- 
omy and sound, professional financial management kept 
immune from the vagaries of politics. 

Economists and bankers are asking how things could have 
gone so wrong so quickly. “It's quite amazing.” said Domi- 
nique Maire, a researcher at UBS Securities here. “Growth 
was driven by investment, which was driven by credit. It's 
easy to criticize, but everyone was euphoric.” 

Analysts agree that Thailand's dramatic fall was the com- 
bination of at least three key factors: an over-reliance on 
credit, changing trends in the regional economy and the 
haphazard policies of two successive weak governments that 
were viewed widely as condoning corruption and injecting 
politics into economic management 

During more than a decade and a half of sustained economic 
growth, through fractious politics, coups and coup attempts 
and a series of revolving-door governments, financial policy 
remained largely consistent , ran mainly by a nonpolitical team 
of technocrats in the Finance Ministry and the central bank. 

But that started to change about two years ago, when 
Banharu Silpa-archa was elected head of a fractured coalition 
government viewed as one of the most corrupt in modem 
Thailand's history. “I think what we've seen is a gradual 
politicization of the technocrats,'' said a prominent American 
banker here. Mr. Banharo would be in office less than a year. 

In some ways, Thailand can be called a victim of its own 
success. For new graduates with degrees in economics and 
finance, jobs in the bureaucracy were suddenly not as at- 
tractive as positions in investment houses and hanks. Tbe best 
and brightest were no longer r unning the economy, but rather 
profiting from it 

Meanwhile, the financial sector was liberalized, but the 
banks and financial houses — flush with short-term foreign 
deposits caking advantage of high local interest rates — were 
left largely unsupervised. The banks had to do something with 
all that money, so they lent it “shamelessly,” in the view of 
one Western economist, to fuel development 

Many of those loans went into traditionally productive 
sectors, such as textiles, petrochemicals and steel manu- 
facturing. But loans also went to build more and more golf 
courses, more and more shopping centers, bigger and bigger 
bousing complexes. 

Thailand’s traditional leading industries failed to reinvest 
in physical plant and equipment Then, a few years ago, new 
regional competitors emerged in industries that Thais once 
dominated, such as textiles and light assembly. China, Burma, 
Indonesia and Vietnam suddenly began making die same 
garments and televisions and toys, and at lower prices. 

■ IMF Says It Will Ask 3 Asian Nations to Help 

Tbe International Monetary Fond will ask three Asian 
nations to participate in a financial support program for 
Thailand, said the IMF deputy managing director, Shigernitsu 
Sugisaki, Bloomberg News. reported from Tokyo. 

He declined to specify, though, which Asian countries he • 
will ask for tbe assistance and also said that tbe size of the 
IMF's contribution to pulling Thailand out of its worst 
economic slump in more than a decade has not been decided 

Labor Secretary to Ask 
UPS and Union to Talk 

Strike Enters 2d Week as Negotiations Fail; 
Management Hints at Replacement Hires 

Caifxkd by Our Slag From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — U.S. Labor Sec- 
retary Alexis Herman said Sunday she 
planned to call on the heads of die 
United Parcel Service of America Inc. 
and the striking Teamsters union to re- 
turn to the bargaining table, as the rop 
UPS official said the company coold be 
moving closer to the hiring replacement 

But Ms. Herman insisted there was no 
need for President Bill Clinton to in- 
tervene to end the strike. 

“We recognize this is a serious situ- 
ation, * * she said, adding that she thought 
that both sides needed to show '’will- 
ingness to compromise” and “greater 

She said the threshold for presidential 
intervention to end tbe strike had not 
been met in this case. “We don’t believe 
this- has reached the state of what we 
define as a national emergency,” she 

Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin said 
Sunday that he did not think “that re- 
sorting to Taft-Hartley is a sensible 
thing to do.” Under the Taft-Hartley 
Act, Ae president is empowered to end a 
strike and send union members back to 
work if a work stoppage is deemed to 
represent a threat to national health, or 

The chairman of UPS, James Kelly, 
on Sunday left the door open for the 
company to hire replacement workers. 
While be said the company had made no 
final decision on whether to hire re- 
placements for the 185,000 striking 
workers, he did not rule it out 

“The last thing we want to do, the last 
thing I want to do. is to replace UPS 
workers,” be said. 

Ms. Herman's remarks, on tbe NBC 
news talk show Meet the Press, come 
one day after talks aimed at ending the 
crippling work stoppage at tbe largest 
U.S. parcel delivery service broke off. 

The strike, now in its seventh day, is 
having a “devastating effect on our 
customers and our people,'* Mr. Kelly 

Meanwhile, the U.S. Postal Service 
began seven-day- a-week package de- 
liveries Sunday in some metropolitan 
areas to cope with added volume. 

“The Postal Service is now deliv- 
ering dramatically increased volumes of 
mail that rival those we experience dur- 
ing die Christmas period,” Nicholas 
Barranca. U.S. Postal Service vice pres- 

ident, said. 

Mark Saunders, a postal service 
spokesman, said the decision was left to 
local post offices whether to add Sunday 
deliveries of priority mail and parcel- 
post packages to make room for pack- 
ages expected early in the week. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 

Allen R. Myerson of the New York 
Times reported earlier: 

If ever there was a company crafted to 
produce labor harmony, it was United 
Parcel Service of America Inc. It is a 
company where every delivery driver 
has a crack at rising to chief executive, 
just like tbe current boss. Where about 
half the full-time union members own 
ihe company’s steadily rising stock 
Where the brown uniforms bestow 
status and salaries far higher than the 

Last week, however, UPS looked as 
fractious as any airline or automaker 
straggling to keep down labor costs. 
Management and union members are 
swearing to outlast each other in the 
company's first national strike. 

The UPS story illustrates how, in the 
current economy, even a company 
where all executives once carried Team- 
sters' union cards and still eat in the 
employee cafeteria can be torn apart 

Saying their customers would rebel at 
higher costs, UPS is only one of the 
many companies that have made the 
current economic expansion in America 
one of the stingiest, least forgiving on 

Like so many other businesses. UPS 
faces potent competitors. Federal Ex- 
press Corp.. most of all. While UPS 
remained identified with boxy trucks. 
“FedEx” became synonymous with 
overnight delivery by jet. Federal Ex- 
press. die clear leader in shipping by air, 
also Iras the benefit of a lower-paid work 
force, virtually union-free except for its 
pilots. UPS has the largest International 
Brotherhood of Teamsters’ union bar- 
gaining unit, with 185,000 members, in 
the nation. 

To compete, UPS has rapidly ex- 
panded its own overnight service. 

Hiring swarms of part-time package 
sorters and loaders has kept costs low. 

Although they are union members, 
they work only a few hours a night at 
roughly half the $20 an hoar rates 
earned by full-time employees. 

Wal-Mart Wins a Vote, 
But Unions Get Closer 

By Bill Dedman 

New York Times Service 

MERRILL, Wisconsin — Wal-Mart 
managers and public relations special- 
ists converged on Menifl from tbe home 
office in Arkansas, adding a drawl to the 
breakfast chat at toe Snper 8 Motel. 

The stare's new co-manager showed 
anti-union videos to employees, known 
as associates. She cried as she begged 
the workers not to “invite a third party 
into the Wal-Mart family.” 

The hourly employees at the Merrill 
store put a scare into the world’s biggest 
retailor, but by a vote of 54 to 27 Friday, 
they rejected a bid by the United Steel- 
workers of America to represent them. 
If tbe union had woo, the store would 
have become the first where employees 
bad invited a union into the * ‘family. ’ ’ It 
was the closest onion test ever for Wal- 
Mart Scores. 

No one expects unions to sweep 
through Wal-Mart ’s 7 46,000 employ- 
ees in 2,747 stores and warehouse elute. 
But labor experts said Wal-Mart and 
other retailers should expect more 
battles like the one in Merrill.. The AFL- 
CIO and other labor organizations are 
concentrating on retail and part-time 
workers. As workers lose manufactur- 

ing jobs, some get lower-paying retail 
jobs. But they still bave union cards. 

"Wal-Mart spent more fi ghting (his 
than it would have cost to pay everyone in 
the store a living wage for the rest of their 
lives,” said Michael Barkley, a former 
mill worker who started the union effort 
as a part-time worker at Wal-Mart. 

“We have our store back,” said Mary 
Krombhoiz, the customer service su- 
pervisor, who was accused by the Na- 
tional Labor Relations Board of de- 
stroying union literature. 

In 1994, International Paper Co. 
closed its mill here, forcing Mr. Baridey 
and 150 others out of jobs. He had been 
tbe local president of tbe United Pa- 
perworkers International Union, and he 
became a counselor for a federally fin- 
anced AFL-CIO program helping dis- 
placed manufacturing workers find jobs. 
Those jobs are usually in the service 
industries, nearly always at lower pay. 

Although it has never lost an election, 
Wal-Mart does have one union to con- 
tend with. The employees in Windsor, 
Ontario, voted 151 to 43 against joining 
the Steelworkers, but the Ontario Labor 
Relations Board voided the election, 
and a court agreed, ruling that Wal-Mart 
had intimidated workers. Tbe first con- 
tract is being negotiated. 

CU RRENCY rates 

— • - ' Aug. 8 

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i sdr iJtfr 0*75 *** * 

Way to Promote E-Mail Ads: Pay Those Who Read Them 

By Paul Floren 

huemotioool Herald Tribune 

-unto an 0 *h*«* 9 ***n*"* 

T Tabof one povntS 


.Other Dollar Values p*s o™qr 

r. P',1 Con»cy oast) 7405 S. Ait. road *A88 

Rntfdrot 291 91 1.5726 S.KQT.WO Wi30 

09W 7J4U fsSfi Swrntmaa BJXB 

At**.**. 13-125 35.72 PWLP« ” »» 

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CMMWiwn Ittto 0A9W 5305x0 UftEAMn 3*705 

OKbkofuaa 3J30S 175 Vaao-haSr. mso 

DaUilmM 7.0875 htOS Saufirtr* .±2 

Haiwittfl 5.5744 

♦ Forward Rates oxw . 38-81 *** 

*** iS» 1-S154 ijiw 

PMM Staffing 13819 

********* $ 1403 

msvvfMto* Banoue * ft*** 

F ew Internet users like jack 
mail Unwanted advertise- 
ments that arrive by e-mail 
or are posted on bulletin 
boards have generated protests to 
Internet service providers, and re- 
cently, on-line guerrillas removed 
or blocked about 80.000 postings by 
customers of UUNet Technologies 
Inc. because they felt the company 
had been too lax in controlling ads. 

But what would happen if ad- 
vertisers paid people to read their 
materials? CybeiGold Inc. of 
Betkeley, California, is offering 
cash rewards to people who do. 

• ‘The fundamental premise of out 
company is that 

able commodity, said Nat Gold- 
haber, the chief executive officer 
“CybeiGold allows marketers and 
advertisers to pay customers direct- 
ly for their time and active atien- 

n °Laimched in April, rewards are 

paid in CyberGold, which unlike 
other Internet incentives is “real 
money” that can be transferred to a 
member's checking account, 
donated to nonprofit organizations 
or spent on-line through the Cy- 
berCoin service provided by another 
company, CyberCash, which is not 
related to CybeiGold. 

The service currently is available 
in North America and is doe to be 
offered in Japan once legal issues 
are resolved. European users prob- 
ably will have to wait about a year, 
Mr. Goldhaber said. 

Many CybeKJold advertisers are 
offering rewards that range from 50 
cents to $1, though several offer 
rewards as high as $5. 

The rewards are given for such 
activities as visiting Web sites, tak- 
ing surveys, filling out application 
and registration forms, download- 
ing software and making pur- 

Each time a reward is earned, 
CyberGold gets a commission, usu- 
ally on tbe order of SO cents. 

As the service develops, clients 
are using CybeiGold for more than 
just product announcements and 
sales. AT&T Corp.'s World Net not 
only pays browsers to read its pages 
but also offers' them a CyberGold 
incentive to change providers. 

Random House and Readers Di- 
gest have developed similar pro- 

CyberGold says its service is 


cost-effective for advertisers. It 
would cost them about $25 per 
1,000 impressions to place a tenner 
on a Web sire. Of those 1,000 read- 
ers, perhaps l percent, or 10, would 
click on tbe banner and jump to the 
advertiser’s site. 

CyberGold says its cash-bonus 
system brings that "click-ihrough” 
rate up to about 5 percent. 

It works like this: On any given 
page, a banner ad might appear; in 
that ad, an icon informs the user of a 
CybeiGold payment opportunity. 

Users who click on the ads are taken 
to a site and asked to read material 
and are often asked to provide in- 
formation or take a quiz to prove 
they have seen the material. 

CybeiGold administers payments 
and reports to advertisers. 

At tbe end of the transaction, the 
readers are returned to the pages 
where they saw the original ads. 

On Time Warner's Pathfinder 
Network, a Web site that offers on- 
line versions of Time, People, 
Money. Fortune, Sports Illustrated, 
Life and Entertainment Weekly 
magazines. CybeiGold ran three 
banners advertising the same 
product One had no incentive, one 
offered $1, and the third, $5. 

The results: The $5 tenner had 
the highest response rate, 11 per- 
cent; the $i ad lured about half as 
many, and the nonpaying ad offered 
lured just 0.9 percent of viewers. 

Another customer. Portrait Dis- 
plays Inc., uses CybeiGold’s ser- 
vices to advertise pivot monitors. 
When you access the CybeiGold 

page linked to Portrait Display's 
page, it leads you through a game of 
memory that presents the various 
features of the products. Once fin- 
ished, the viewer earns 50 cents. 

Peter Sealey, former head of 
global marketing at Coca-Cola Co. 
and now a professor at the Uni- 
versity of California at Berkeley’s 
Haas School of Business, said, 
“Advertisers using CyberGold can 
engage in two-way communication 
that rakes foil advantage of the new 
digital media to build relationships, 
sales and customer loyalty.” 

Joan -Caro! Brigham, an analyst 
with International Data Corp., 
seemed skeptical about the overall 
effectiveness of the advertisements. 
Mr. Goldhaber responded that 
“there still needs to be some cre- 
ativity in the presentation of the 

Internet address: Cyher- 

- Other recent technology articles: 

PAGE 12 



\f ,r 



Fed Action Haunts Investors in Bonds 

Bloomberg New* 

NEW YORK — Bond investors are 
having a change of heart about the pros- 
pects for another interest-rate increase 
by the Federal Reserve Board this year. 

Just over a week ago, only a few die- 
hard bears were still betting the Fed 
would move again before the year was 
out. Since then, stronger-than-expected 
employment and manufacturing reports 
have changed the outlook, some in- 
vestors and analysts say. 

* ‘People who said the Fed is out of the 
picture are coming back to the expec- 
tation that it’s back in," said John Bur- 
gess, a ftrnd manager at Bankers Trust 
Global Investment Management. “It 
seems the growth numbers are going to 
be big.” 

Last week, the yields on the bench- 

mark 30-year U.S. bond climbed to 6.64 
percent on Friday from 6.46 percent a 
week earlier, snapping a two-month 
rally that had driven yields to 17-month 

Judging by futures on Eurodollars, or 
dollars on deposit outside the United 


States, investors now see a good chance 
the Fed will be compelled to raise bank- 
lending rates by year-end to slow the 
economy and curb inflation. 

The implied rate on the December 
comracr for three-month Eurodollar de- 
posits was recently at 6.02 percent. That 
was 30 basis points higher than the S.72 
percent race for three- month borrowing, 
and a sign most investors expected a 

quarter-point Fed rate increase by the 
rune the contract expired in December. 

The Fed raised bank lending rates by 
a quarter point to 5 JO percent in March. 
Fed policymakers left rates unchanged 
at meetings in May and July. They next 
meet Aug. 19. 

While few investors expect the Fed to 
act this month, some foresee a move as 
early as September if the economy re- 
bounds from- a second-quarter slow- 

“Investors are going to be scared 
again by the growth of the third and 
fourth quarter,” said Scon Colbert, a 
fund manager at Commerce Bank In- 
vestment Management Group in St. 
Louis, Missouri. That could drive yields 
on 30-year bonds to 6.75 percent in die 
months ahead, he said 

Most Active International Bonds 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eurocteai system lor the week end- 
ing Aug. 8. Prices supplied by TeJakure. 

Hnk Nome Cpn Maturity Pries YfeW 

Rnk None Cpn Maturity Price YteM Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Argentine Peso 

233 Argentina 

B~ OZ'JO/K 99.5099 0.7900 

Australian Dollar 

IAS Australia gov 6ft 1 1/15/06 HU.UOO 6AB00 
244 Sweden Serie 1 4.720012/27/98 99JI62 4.7400 

Austrian Schilling 

191 Austria 
240 Austria 

5ft 07/15707 99.1500 5.6700 
•JMi 05/23/02 992500 4 .6600 

Belgian Franc 

173 Belgium 9 01/26/03 119.0200 7.5600 

216 Belgium Thills zero 10/30/97 9SS836 63200 
235 Belgium 8*S 06/25/02 11 6.5900 7 .5000 

British Pound 

119BNG 7*1i 

150 Abbey National A 
156 Equitable Ufe 8 
222 Federal Home 6 7 i 
236 Britain 7 

239 The Money SI zero 

03/06/07 100.2500 72600 
08/10/99 97.6250 6.1500 
12/31/99 99.7500 8.0200 
06/ 07/02 98.8750 6.9500 
11/06/01 100.0310 7.0000 
08/16/27 100.0834 0.0000 

Canadian Dollar 

139 Canada 7*i 06/01/07 109 .6500 661 DO 

1B1 Canadagovt S'-: 09/01/02 100.2840 5.4800 

2 01 Canada Tbill zero 180097 992520 32900 

Danish Krone 

6 Denmark 8 03/15/06 1124400 7.1000 

12 Denmark 7 1 VI 5/07 105.4800 6.6400 

20 Denmark 8 05/15/03 112'* 7.1100 

23 Denmark 7 11/1024 100.0500 7 MOO 

27 Denmark 9 11,1 5/98 105.6500 8.5200 

28 Denmark 9 11/15/00 1123600 8.0100 

32 Denmark 7 12/15/04 106.9000 65500 

33 Denmark B 11/15/01 111.1900 7.1900 

38 Denmark 6 11/15/02 103.4000 55000 

53 Denmark 6 12/1 0/99 103.1000 53200 

71 Denmark 6 02/15/99 1025400 54500 

128 Nykretfit 3 Cs 6 10/01/26 91.7000 65400 

142 NykredK 7 10/01/29 96.0000 7.2900 

149 Denmark 7 02/15/98 1015000 6.9000 

224 Denmark 5 08/15705 962500 5.1 900 

237 Real Kredit 6 10/01/26 91.7500 65400 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 6 07/04/07 100.9732 5.9400 

2 Bundes obligation 4ft 02/22/02 99.4362 4 5300 

4 Germany 6 01/8407 1035500 54100 

7 Germany 6tt 04/26/06 1045550 5.9900 

8 Germany 8 01/21/02 1125200 7.1100 

9 Germany 6ft 07/04/27 1014767 64300 

10 Germany 94 6tt 01/04/24 986644 65300 

11 Germany 8 07/22/02 1135244 7.0500 

13 Germany 6ft 10/1 4/05 1065367 6.1200 

14 Germany 6ft 05/12/05 108.7467 6.3200 

15 Germany A* 11/2Q/01 1005140 4.7300 

16 Germany 5 08/20/01 1025233 44900 

17 Germany 3*1 06/18/99 994580 35000 

21 Federal Tsy 3* 03719/99 100.0100 3.7500 

24 Treutrond 7V: 09/09/04 1125400 64600 

25 Germany 7ft 01/03*05 1114400 65900 

30 Germany 6 01/05/06 1024200 54400 

31 Treuhand 7ft 1Z/O2/02 111,0800 64400 

34 Treuhand 7ft 01/29/03 109.9467 64800 

35 Treuhand 6ft 07/09/03 1075850 6.1600 

36 Germany B*& 08/20/01 111.0734 7.8800 

39 Germany 8'6 09/20/01 1135433 75900 

40 Germany 5ft 05/15/00 1 04.3500 55300 

41 Germany 5*4 08/225)0 98.4936 54400 

43 Germany 9 10/20/00 111.4005 8.0800 

44 Germany 6ft 07/15513 106.9600 6.0800 

46 Germany Bft 12/205W 1 135900 74100 

47 Treuhand 6ft 04/23/03 106.9467 £.0800 

4 8 Germany flit 02/20/01 1124000 75400 

49 Germany 5 05/21/01 101.7733 4.9100 

52 Germany 6 02/1 6516 102.7700 5.8400 

54 Treuhand 6*4 05/13/04 108.1620 65400 

56 Germany rails zero 01716798 985535 3.0800 

57 Treuhand 7* 10/01512 1105656 7.0100 

58 Germany Bft 05/21/01 111.0299 75400 

60 Germany zero 07/04/27 13.9500 6 4000 

61 Germany 6 02/2aVB 1015800 5.9200 

63 Treuhand 6ft 06/11/03 109.1231 6J000 

66 Germany 6*i 04/22/03 1085500 65400 

68 Treuhand 6ft 07/01/99 1045400 6.1000 

70 Germany 
72 Germany 

74 Germany 

75 Germany 

76 Germany 

81 Germany 

82 Treuhand 

83 Germany 
94 Germany 
88 Germany 

92 Treuhand 

93 Hy bk In Essen 

98 Treutrond 

99 Germany 

100 Germany 

101 Germany 

102 Germany 
106 Germany 

112 Germany 

113 Treuhand 
US Germany 
120 Germany 
123 Germany 

126 Germany 

127 Germany 
129 Treuhand 

131 Germany 

132 Germany 
135 Germany 
140 Germ my 
145 Treuhand 
147 Germany 
155 Germany 

161 Germany 

162 Germany 

1 70 Germany 
176 Germany FRN 
192 World Bank 

198 Treuhand 

199 Germany FRN 

202 Treuhand 

203 Germany 

215 Cap Credit Card 
221 Germany Thills 
229 Credit Local 
234 Germany 

240 Germany 

241 Germany 
246 Volkswagen 

7ft 1120/02 110.7104 
5ft 11/21/00 1025100 
7 12/22/97 1015400 

6 06/20/16 975186 

6ft 01/20/98 1015500 
3V, 12/18/98 994200 
6k* 03/26/98 101.7200 
6*4 09/15/99 1 05.7600 
8W 08/21/00 111.6933 
5Vi 02/21/01 1025300 

5 12/17/98 101.7300 
zero 08/04/99 100.0000 
6M 03/04/04 105.6300 
6*6 07/15/04 1085750 

6 09/15/03 104.7500 
9 01/22/01 1145300 

7V< T Q/21/02 II 0.4225 
8*4 07/20/00 112.1600 
3ft 09/18/98 99.9500 

6 11/12/03 104.7115 
6** 05/20/98 1025000 
6ft 0SWV9 103.9200 
Sft 02/22/99 10SL4300 
6ft 124)2/98 104.0525 
5*4 08/20/98 1025400 
5*4 04/29/99 1035000 

7 01/1 3/00 106.7175 
TV: 11/11/04 1125850 

7 09/20/99 106.1233 

5li IQ/2 0/98 101.9500 
6V. 07/29/99 102.3338 
6ft 03/15/00 1042103 
6 Vs 01/02/99 103.7500 
8*4 05/22/00 111.6408 
6 T i 02/24/99 1045800 
5* 07/10/07 993500 
zero 01/04/24 17.70 

2.950004/06/00 99.7800 
7ft 04/12/05 110 

7 11/25/99 106.4350 

2.870709/304)4 995100 
5 01/14/99 1014000 

7ft 01/20/00 1075600 
56k 08/15/01 1005216 
zero 10/17/97 995717 
5.1 S00 12/04/00 99.0812 
6ft 01/20/98 1015500 
6*4 06/21/99 105.1500 
Tn 12/20/99 106.8850 
4450002/28/01 98.1732 

Irish Punt 

Italian Lira 

Japanese Yen 

117 NTT 2ft 07/25/07 100.750Q 24800 

1 69 Atp Cayman zero 07/31/00 99.8023 0.0000 

194 Italy Class B 5 12/15/94 118% 45)00 

206 World Bank A Vi 06/20/00 1095390 4.1000 

210 world Bank 4V, 03/20/03 115.9439 34800 

225 Japan Dev Bk 6Vz 09/20/01 1203750 5.4000 

242 Fannie Mae 2 12/20/79 102.3750 1.9500 

243 Exlm Bk Japa/l 2ft 07/28CS 1053750 2.7300 

Spanish Peseta 

218 Spain 7.900002/28/02 1084680 75600 

Swedish Krona 

105 Sweden 1036 10W 

116 Sweden 11 

184 Sweden 6 

204 Sweden 1037 8 

213 Sweden 5ft 

U.S. Dollar 

05/05/00 112.2050 9.1400 
01/21/99 708.3190 10.7600 
02/09/05 985630 6.1100 
08/15/07 110.7920 75200 
04/12/02 98.7690 54700 

3 Brazil Cap S.L 4ft 04/15/14 945745 
5 Argentina par L 5*4 03/31/23 74.7500 
18 Argentina FRN 6*i 03/29/05 92.1744 

19 Mexico 
22 Brazil 
26 Brazil L FRN 
29 Argentina 

11 'A 05/15/26 122-5802 
101* 05/15/27 1004404' 
6ft 04/15/0 6 88.4636 
lift 01/30/17 1186200 

Dutch Guilder 

42 Netherlands 
55 Netherlands 
64 Netherlands 
77 Netherlands 

79 Netherlands 

80 Netherlands SP 
86 Netherlands 

90 Netherlands 

91 Netherlands 
104 Netherlands 
108 Netherlands 
1 1 1 Netherlands 
121 Netherlands 
138 Netherlands 

143 Netherlands 

144 Netherlands 
158 Netherlands 
164 Netherlands 
172 Netherlands 
175 Netherlands 
188 Netherlands 
209 Netherlands 
21 7 Netherlands 
219 Netherlands 
247 Netherlands 

614 07/15/98 
5L. 02/15/07 
7V- 06/15/99 
9 01/15/01 
7ft 01/15/23 
zero 01/15/23 
5*4 09/15/02 
5*4 01/15/04 

6 01/15/06 
BVj 06/01/06 
Stt 02/15/00 
816 03/15/01 
814 06/15/02 
6*4 11/15/05 
6*4 02/15/99 
7» 10/01/04 
8*4 05/01/00 
7ft 03/01435 
7ft 04/15/10 
8J4 09/15/01 

7 06/15/05 
71k 11/15/99 
7 02/15/03 

6Vk 07/15/98 
9 05/15/00 

45 Spain 
118 Britain 
152 France OAT 
159 France OAT 
178 France B.T.A.N. 
193 France BTAN 
200 France OAT 
205 France OAT 
207 Britain 
220 France OAT 
227 France B.TJV.N. 
232 Britain T-bills 

6 01/31/08 

4 01/28/00 
5Vj 04/25/07 
6 04/25/04 

6 03/16/01 

5 03/16/99 
8ft 03/15/02 

7 04/25/06 
9ft 02/21/01 
7Vi 04/25/05 
4ft 07/12/02 
zero 0V14/97 






7 09.4500 








99.3481 : 

37 Venezuela FRN 6*4 12/18/07 93.6900 

50 Brazil par ZJ 5U 04/15/24 69.9774 

51 Venezuela par A 6*4 03/31/20 832188 

59 The Russ 10 06/26/07 1044894 

62 Brazil S.L FRN 6>Vi4 04/15/12 84^1735 
65 Argentina FRN Aft 03/31/23 90.9688 
67 Mexico 9ft 01/15/07 108.4053 

69 Brazil FRN 6<V* 01/01/01 77.8168 
73 Argentine B*tr 12/20/03 1021002 
78 Brazil S21 FRN Aft 04/15/24 87.1250 
85 Mexico par A 6ft 12/31/19 821563 
87 Argentina FRN 5.710904/01/01 1294000 
89 Mexico par B 614 12/31/19 B21563 

94 Bulgaria FRN 6V» 07/287 1 79.7849 

95 Kellogg Aft 03*06/01 99.9621 

96 Venezuela par B 6*4 03/31/20 83.3125 

97 Ecuador par 3ft 02/18/25 542500 
103Ecuodar FRN 3ft 02/28/15 729081 
107 Toyota Motor 6ft 07/22/02 99.9114 
109 Bulgaria FRN 6«* 07/28/24 81.1843 
HOCommeabkOs 5493801/29/01 994800 
114 Brazil CbondS.L 4ft 04/15/14 952271 
722 Mexico O FRN A** 12/28/19 95.7797 
124Madco lift 09/15/76 779U 

1 25 Telefonica E 2 07/15/02 1004)93 
130 Mexico A FRN 6467212/37/19 95.6563 
133Hu1ch Wham 6.950008/07/07 994750 
1 34 N Australia Bk Aft 12/23/98 1004000 
136 Canada 6» 07/15/02 99.7500 

141 Brazil S.L FRN 6 <Vk 04/15/09 88.9975 

146 Christiana Bank 5*4 07/1 aw 99.7800 

148 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 98.1891 

151 Argentina 8*4 05/09/02 107.7250 

753 SCO Com Ext. 7ft 02/02/M 9 J 4750 

154 Bulgaria 2ft 07/23/12 67 4625 

7 60 Mexico FRN 7.054607/77/02 100.1300 

166 British Gas zero 11/04/21 17ft 

167 Argentina 11 10/09/06 1154974 

168 Pem Pdi 4 03/07/17 65.7500 

777 ADB A# 06/11/07 102 2500 

1 74 Bayerische LB Aft 06/25/07 7004250 

179 Danish Industry 6*4 06/73/01 101.0000 

180 Russia 9ft 11/27/01 702.9071 

182 Peru Front 316 03/07/17 60.4375 

183 Ibm Inti Fin Aft 08/01/01 1004867 
185 Ecuador FRN 67* 02/23125 79.1900 

148 Italy 
151 Argentina 

153 BcoCom Ext. 

154 Bulgaria 
160 Mexico FRN 

166 British Gas 

167 Argentina 

168 Peru Pdi 
771 ADB 

*80 Russia 9ft 11/27/01 102.9071 

182 Peru Front 316 03/07/17 60.4375 

1 83 Ibm Inti Fin Aft 08/01/01 1004867 

135 Ecuador FRN 67* 02/28/25 79.1900 

1B7 Mexico B FRN 6435912/31/19 954650 

189 El B zero 11/06/26 74.4700 

190 Poland FRN 65* 1 0/27/24 98.1563 

Finnish Markka 

195 Finland 9ft oyiS/M 1214599 74200 

21 2 F Inland sr 1999 11 01/15/99 109434010.0200 

French Franc 

137 France B.T.F. 
157 France OAT 

zero 10/30/97 98.6287 6.1100 
7*6 10/25/05 115,4400 6.7100 

189 EIB zero 11/06/26 14.47QQ 

190 Poland FRN 6<ft» 10/27/24 98.1563 

196 Aesop Funding 6^400010/20/01 99.1761 

197 Aesop Funding 6420010/20/01 98.4719 

208 Brazil 8ft 11/05/01 104.1250 

211 IADB Aft 06/27/02 1004000 

2U Korea Dev Bonk 5.968806/30/02 97.8398 
226 Canada 6*4 «K?3W 1022949 

228 Mexico C FRN 6420312/31/19 95.7644 

230 Credit Suisse Aft 08/01/01 100.0000 

231 Argentina 9ft 02/234)1 1054653 

233 Brazil S.L FRN 6#* 04/15/12 844746 

238 Poland Inter - 4 IQ/27/1 J 86.4845 

249 Lol Sun Inlt Fin 4 08/04/02 100488? 

250 EIB 7ft 09/18/06 104.7500 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Aug. 11-15 

A schedule of this week s economic and financial events, compiled tor the international Herald Tribune try Btaomben; Business News. 


Expected Jakarta: Indonesian Capital Market 
This Week holds Anniversary Conference and 
Investors Forum, Thursday and Fri- 

Manila: IBC Asia Ltd. holds a sem- 
inar on “High Impact Retail Banking 
Delivery Channel Strategy.” Thurs- 
day and Friday. 

Aug. 11 

Tokyd: International Monetary Fund 
and Asian officials to discuss IMF 
rescue package for Thailand; Japan 
Automobile Dealers Association re- 
leases used-car sales for June. 
Earnings expected: Toa Wool Spin- 
ning & Weaving Co. 

Hong Kong: Statistics on trade in- 
volving outward processing in China 
for the first quarter. 

Manila: Ayala Corp. holds a special 
stockholders meeting. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases fig- 
ures on bank lending in July. 

Wednesday Sydney: Commonwealth Bank of 
Aug. 13 Australia release full-year results. 

Tokyo: Japan's four major brewers 
release data on beer shipments in 

Earnings expected: Daiwa Indus- 
tries Ltd.. Metal Manufactures Ltd. 

Thursday Hong Kong: External trade statis- 
Aug. 14 tics classified by country and com- 
modity for June. 

Melbourne: Securities Institute of 
Australia hosts speech by David 
Murray, managing director of Com- 
monwealth Bank of Australia. 

Friday Tokyo: Ministry of International 

Aug. 15 Trade and Industry releases revised 
a ' production figures for June; Japan 

Department Store Association may 
release figures on sates for Tokyo 
and Osaka in July. 


Brussels: European Union agen- 
cies begin summer recess. Ses- 
sions resume Sept. 3. 

Madrid: July M4 money supply ex- 
pected to be released by the Bank 
of Spain. 

Eamfngs expected: Roche Holding 

London: Producer price index out- 
put and input data for July. 

Oslo: July consumer price figures. 
Vienna: June current-account report. 
Stockholm: Monthly forecast for 
state-borrowing requirements. 
Earnings expected: Incentive AB. 

London: Retail price index for July. 
Paris: Provisional July consumer 
price index. 

Earnings expected: Skandinaviska 
Enskilda Banken AB. Henkel AG. 

London: Unemployment rate, man- 
ufacturing-unit wage cost and un- 
derlying average earnings. 

Madrid: July consumer price index. 
Rome: June producer and whole- 
sale prices. 

Earnings expected: Hoechst AG. 

Lisbon: July inflation figures and 
May trade balance. 

Paris: Provisional second-quarter 
wage figures. 

Stockholm: May industrial produc- 
tion figures. 

Earnings expected: BASF AG. 

Helsinki: July consumer price in- 
dex; June industrial output figures. 
Lisbon: June trade figures for non- 
European countries. 

Stockholm: July unemployment fig- 


Chicago: National Hardware and 
Building Products Exposition. Until 

MfssouJa, Montana: Inter-Ameri- 
can Development Bank holds a brief- 
ing on business opportunities, Thurs- 
day and Friday. 

Sao Paulo: Coffee exporters' July 
report; automakers release July 
safes and production data. 

Warm Springs, Virginia: U.S. Dis- 
trict Court holds hearing on Food 
and Drug Administration regulation 
of tobacco. 

New York: UR Redbook Research 
releases survey of sales at more 
than 20 U.S. department, discount 
and chain stores. 

Washington: Productivity and costs 
data for the second quarter. 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports the producer price index for 
July; Commerce Department re- 
ports retail sales for July; Mortgage 
Bankers Association of America re- 
leases weekly report on mortgage 

Washington: Consumer price index 
for July: June business inventories 
and sales: industrial production and 
capacity utilization for July: Labor 
Department reports initial weekly 
state unemployment compensation 
insurance claims. 

Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of 
Michigan releases index of con- 
sumer sentiment lor August 
Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem releases Its weekly report on 
commercial and industrial loans at 
U.S. commercial banks. 

Setback Poses Uneasy Questions 

Analysts Ask: Was Last Week’s Reversal a Mere Correction? 

8 08/18/06 110.7460 7.2200 

6ft 02/01/07 1014700 6.6500 
tfU 03/01/02 1002600 62300 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Inrenuirionel Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Was it a simply an over- 
due coiTecrion, or was the setback in 
bond markets last week die start of 
something more sinister? 

Apart from Japan, markets world- 
wide were hit by profit-taking and what 
appeared to be a widespread unwind- 
ing of positions on budding fears that 
the long-delayed synchronized recov- 
ery in the industrialized world may be 
just around the comer — and with it, 
higher interest rates. 

The dollar's sudden, sharp retreat 
last week appeared to eliminate the 
prospect of an immin ent increase in 
short-term German interest rates to de- 
fend the Deutsche mark. But the 
Bundesbank’s having hinted at such a 
step focused attention on the likelihood 
that the next move in Europe will be 
upward and that it may not be so far 

“There have been lots of false calls 
for the start of a bear market in bonds, ’ ’ 
George Magnus at UBS in London 
said, "but on a three-month view, I’d 
say we are past the lull in Europe. 
Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain and 
Denmark are already at the point where 
they would all welcome an increase in 

interest rates — it’s only in France and 
to a lesser extent in Germany that 
growth is still soggy. 

In New York, Steve Blitz at Ofnt 
Associates said chat the U.S. market 
had gone “too far, 100 fast” when the 
yield on the benchmark 30-year Treas- 
ury bond fell to 6.3 percent at the end of 
last month. 

“Without new data confirm)^; 
moderate growth without inflation.” 
he said, “yields were at a level where 
they couldn’r push lower and so had 
only one way to go — up.” 

Important data will be released this 
week on L’.S. wholesale and retail 
prices, but the significant figure will be 
Wednesday's retail sales for July, 
which will signal how rapidly con- 
sumer demand is rising in America, 

In expecting more rapid growth in 
the third quarter than the 2.2 percent 
annual rate in the second quarter, Mr. 
Blitz is in the mainstream. But he said: 
“Don’t underestimate the impact of a 
neutral monetary policy, a budget sur- 
plus after excluding debt-service pay- 
ments and a strong dollar. All these 
work in the same direction of capping 
domestic growth.” 

John Lonski at Moody’s Investors 
Service Inc. was less sanguine. “A 
third-quarter revitalization of U.S. eco- 

nomic activity is nearly impossible to 
refute,” he said. 

“Report after report signals faster 
growth and the return of discernible 
inflation risks. In the weeks ahead, 
bond yields are more likely to move 
higher than lower. The biggest un- 
certainty regards die exfenr ro which 
yields may have to climb to restrain, 
inflation.” . 

The mood is also somber m Europe, 
where the yield on the benchmark 1 0- 
year German government bond has 
failed repeatedly to sustain a drop be- 
low’ the historic low of 5.5 percent. 

Analysts cautioned that Iasr week’s 
news of a postwar high in German 
unemployment was misleading, as the 
weakness was concentrated in Eastern 
Germany, while unemployment in the 
West fell. 

Riccardo Barbieri at Morgan Stan- 
ley said that “stronger and converging 
growth is the overriding message from 
the latest data, and it is likely ro be 
reinforced by strong real second- 
quarter growth estimates to be released 
in a few weeks in Germany. France and 

And a Salomon Brothers analyst. 
Kim Schoenholtz, said, “the five-year 
period of falling German interest rates 
is nearly over.” 

Stock- Split Fever Is Promoting a Beeper Alert 

By David Barboza 

JVrir York Times Sen ret 

NEW YORK — Carl 
Czerepak was in a barber 
shop in June, getting a haircut 
ana a shave when his beeper 
went off. The barber’s phone 
did not work, so Mr. Czere- 
pak rushed out to his car. not 
on the news of a birth or an 
emergency at home but on a 
flash bulletin from Wall 
Street: Caterpillar Inc. had 
just announced a 2 -for- 1 
stock split. 

* ‘I ran out with a bib on, got 
my cellular phone and called 
my broker, said Mr. Czere- 
pak. a law-enforcement of- 
ficer. ’ ‘I knew Caterpillar was 
a blue-chip stock, so I didn’t 
hesitate to buy.” 

Like scores of other in- 
vestors who hope to reap the 
rewards of the raging bull 
market. Mr. Czerepak has 
been swept up by stock-split 
fever, the her that once a com- 
pany splits its stock, the 
shares will soar. 

Some studies have found 
that share prices do tend to 
rise on news of a stock split 
though there is no clear reason 
they should: all a split does is 
take, for example, one share 

worth SI 00 and rum it into 
two shares worth S50 each. 

Some analysis suggest that 
cheaper stocks are 'more at- 
tractive to amateur investors, 
who drive the prices up. 

Others say a split is a sign 
that (he management of a 
company is confident about 
its future. 

Investors who have picked 
up on such logic from sem- 
inars. investing guides and In- 
ternet newsletters are rushing 
to capitalize on it. 

The boom has created Its 
own mini-industry of advisers 
and seminars as "well as pa- 
ging services such as the one 
Mr. Czerepak uses. It has also 
contributed to a surge in trad- 
ing volume at securities ex- 
changes around the country. 

But the frenzy worries 
some Wall Street observers, 
who say that stock splits are 
simply a meaningless divi- 
sion of the stock pie into 
smaller pieces. They fret that 
amateur investors are getting 
swept up in a speculative 
bubble that is bound to burst, 
leaving them with big losses. 

“It's a sign of the times." 
said James Grant, editor of 
Grant's Interest Rate Observ- 
er. “This is a market in which 

pretext follows speculation, 
and the new pretext for spec- 
ulators is that there are two 
shares in place of one, and 
that more is better than less, 
even though a stock split has 
no financial value.” 

Adding to critics’ concerns 
is the way many investors are 
playing die stock-split game 
— by" using call options. 
These' options are contracts 
that give investors the right to 
buy a stock at a particular 
price, within a set period. 
They are relatively inexpens- 
ive. compared with equities, 
and far more volatile, while a 
successful options trade can 
bring an investor big profits, 
many options become utterly 

“Of course, it is a fact that 
this strategy will not work 
forever,” Bernard Schaeffer, 
president of the Investment 
Research Institute, wrote re- 
cently in a bulletin to his cus- 
tomers. He added char it was 
likely to end "very, very 
badly for the latecomers to the 

Trading in equity options 
set a record in July, according 
to the Options Industry Coun- 
cil. and some of it, at least, is 
attributable to speculation on 

stock splits. 

For instance, Caterpillar; 
announced June II that it> 
would split its stock a month ; 
later. Before the announce-! 
mem. trading volume in 
Caterpillar options on the 
American Stock Exchange 
had averaged 927 contracts a 
day. But on the day of the 
announcement, volume hit 
7,693 contracts — an eight- • 
fold rise. 

“It's our feeling that it's 
happening because there are 
people out there with 
pagers,” said Joseph Stefan- 
elli, who oversees options " 
trading at the American Stock 
Exchange. "They get a call . 
that says. ’There's been a- 
stock spliL Buy Amalgam- 
ated Garbage Pails.’ ” 

In recent months, the num- , 
ber of investor paging ser-< 
vices has proliferated. Among ; 
the best known are SpJitalert. ’ 
Splitxpress and the IQ Pager. 
Tne services can cost up to. 
$ 1 ,500 a year. There is also an 
Internet site called the Right . 
Line Split Report l http://, which is ; 
"devoted ro the short-term 
dramatic investment profitab- 
ility of companies who have ‘ 
declared stock splits." 

New International Bend Issues 

Compiled by Paul Floren 

Amount Coup, 

(millions) Mol. % Price 

Floating Rate Notes 

Sanwa Business Credit Corp. 
Coraerica Bonk 

BT Securities 

Welcome Break Finance 


Aegon _ 

Banco de Galicia 

Coca-Cola Amatll 

General Electric Capital 

I nlw- American 
Development Bank 

Merrill Lynch 


Swedish Export Credit 
Unfbanco ~ 

Thom Finance 
Welcome Break Finance 

Bayerische Hypotheken und FF2.M0 
Wechsel Bank 

LandwlrtschotlUche FF5O0 


L^Bank, Slate Development ITL300.000 

Agency al Baden- 


European Investment Bank ITI_2oaooo 

Deutsche Australia 
World Bonk 

Development Bank < 

5200 2002 0.20 99.78 — Over 3-rnonth LlUar. Noncnltable. Fees 0.1 75V Denominations SI 00000. [Sanwa Bank.) 

DM200 2002 0.0625 100.06 — Over 3^nonfti Libor. Noncollobta. Few 020%. Denwnlrwttoiw 1 00,000 marks. (Lehman 


£125 1999 libor 99.95 — Interest is 3-monlli Libor. Noncaltable. Fees 0.10%. Deawnlnai torn si 00,000. (Swtas Bonn 


Cl 25 2002 ft 99.6S — Over3 nwnm Lflw. NanceSaWe Few 040%. Denornlnatins Eiaooo. {Salomon Bnflhe/s.) 

100 - 

Over 3-month Libor Nanafflable. Fees not disclosed. Issued along with £42 million bond at 0.65 
over 3- month Libor. (Bankers Trust infU 

2000 6Wi 101.031 99.83 Reoffered at 99456. Noncallable. Fees no* disclosed. (ABN AMRO HaareGavdt.J 

2002 7ft 98.77 — Noncaiisbit Fees 0.375%. (Swiss Bank CorpJ ! 

2003 6ft 101.449 99.40 ReofleredalW-BOO. Noncodable Fees 1 "s'-o (Morgan Stanley.) 

2004 6ft 101.075 — Reoffered ntWJO Noncallable. Fees 1 "••*<. CABN AMRO HooreGoveft.) 

2000 6 100.8975 99.58 ReoHered at 99.71. Noncallable. Fees 1 lift. iSwfes Bank Corp. Warburg.) 

2001 6ft 101.31 99.80 Reoffered at 99.935. Noncallable Fees I ’V ^. "(Merrill Lynch InM.) 

2000 7ft 9946 - 

2001 544 100 ~ 

2000 7ft 99.972 ~ 

2007 8 9923 ” 

2015 745 100 IT 

Noncallable. Fees 040%. Oerwnrfnallons S500. 000. fABN AMRO Hoare Goveft.l 

Noncallable. Fees 1 20\. Denominations Siaooo. (New Japan 5ecunffes Europe.l 

Noncalteble Fees 0JS J >. (Morgan StanfeyJ 

Noncallable. Fees 0J75 t *». (HSBC Markets.) “ 

Payable quarterly. Noncallable. Fees not disclosed. Issued along with £67 million bond wWi 
coupon of 8J84 a c. (Banken Trust bd-JD 

2009 5ft 99.084 99.40 Noncallable. Fees (Credil Agrtcnto Indosuez.) 

2007 4.285 101.675 — Coupon will be 085%, unttl 2CK>2. (hereafter Interest will be TEC-10. NancaHable. Fees nof 

disclosed. (Banque National de Parts.) 

""2002 6ft 101.6287 99.82 Noncallable Fees 1 ' ■&*. (Banque Natlannle de Ports.) 

2002 620 102202 540 NoncaUable. Fungible with outstanding Issue raising taftri Jo 1.) Mflion lire. Fees ?>iH..(Worgati 


2000 7ft 100,695 99.10 Norealloble. Fees n«ft. (D eutsche Morgan Grenfell.) 

2007 zero 51 .40 — Vietd t,Ml. Nonca llable. Fees 035 a .. (Toronto Dominican Seainhes.) ~ 

2003 3.15 9944 _ NorKnIlabie. Fees Q.90%. Denominations 1 million yen. rDolwa SectirtheM 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

United States Aug. 

Dj Indus. U3IJ 

DJ Util. „ 229 ! 

DJ TraiM. 2,93 7. ( 

S&P100 9091 

S&P500 933-i 

SAPInd 1.1014 

Nasdaq Cp 






tSE Indus. 
CAC 46 

5.03730 4,899.30 
6.8724M 4857.50 

2.WJ7 1049.44 

Money Rates 

United States 
Discauni rale 
Pnme rate 
Federal funds rote 

Call money 
3-mantti mreibant 

8ant base rote 
Call money 
3-month Intertxint 

Intervention rale 
Call money 
3 -month rntcrbanV 

Eurobond Yields 

*uo 8 Aug. 1 

5.00 5.00 

8 ' 5 8 - 

SW Sly 

0-50 0.50 

tut tU4 

054 05« 

U.S S, Iona term 
U4.& mpfii term 
U.S. s short term 
Pounds sic rtlng 
French Irenes 
Italian lire 
Danish kroner 
Swedeh kronor 
ECU* long letm 
ECUs, mdm term 
Can. s 

»“»■ ■ Au*. 1 Vr M0i y, ioh 

0.48 450 7.09 6 48 

623 6.11 6At 
6.16 5.98 451 S.Oo 
7.49 7 3 9 7 75 7.09 

4.97 JL84 5.05 AM 
eM 633 7.79 630 

S4l 5 JO 5.93 536 
SJJ 5J3 561 4.82 

6.07 5.97 6.42 5.76 

539 533 5J3 4.74 
5.74 5 97 431 5.7D 

6.14 6.20 7.84 6.14 
737 7 JO 839 6.94 

1 75 1.75 7.15 1 44 

Weekly Sales 

Primary Market 

1 8k Earoclaar 

Nobs I km* 

SITOIjMs 428.1 31 35 21205 29707 

Convert. 17.0 — 5704 8403 

FRNs 1.1442 6913 H1.0 5U 

ECP 7,7474 4020.8 0217,4 7,025.7 
Total 9JTO.0 7,0796 11.0193 7.077-5 
Secondary Martiet 

Cuvet Bk Emewar 

S runs S WWS 
Stniight528.lQB.ll 21,74041043193 293384 
Convert. 12996 154.7 4,7520 21914 

FRNs 2498J.8 4864.7 44.1743 72673 
FCP 14,5717 20S47J) 75.377.7 20619.0 
Total 70,963.9 <19.90831 804243 67.8344 
Source: Evmdrar Cede! Bonk. 

Source. Luwmbofrg stock cxcftanpe 

BAX-* - 1 24 J30 430 

Hon n Kong J-mcritti Intwbant H? 

Hang Sang 166*7 All 4379.22 M «' 

'SUfTp nnn 981 85 — 097 Au 9 8 I ■>.. Ch'Oe 

WUP 97284 981.85 -0.97 mn ^ ^ 

v.'otM index from Gorgon Stonier CopUoJInH Pmpedtro 

Libor Rates 

1 -month 3-ona4ti S-aostti 

i , 5 ll « S'tifr French franc 

Ocuischomaih 3ii» 3S, cry 

Pound starting 71 » 7ft> 7S« Yen 

Sources - Lttfrds Bank, Reuters 

1 -month S -monte 6-iwnU 

3S-* 3" « 31. 

66* 4l» 4" & 

V„ !|j 1, 



PAGE 13 

* a U 


1 ""Mi,, 

Does J. P. Morgan Earn Enough to Be a Role Model? 

B y Saul Hansel] Many analysts are bearish on Mor- of mere millionaires. 

"“'I'’* Times Service gan s stock, despite the bank’s But the stake in American Cen- 

NEW YORK — These davs I p mworid ^-making, troy, analysts said, would bring 

Morgan & Co. can be seen a H 3*°?? from mves . ImenI banking. Morgan $45 million a year in eam- 

the ^rid, ± r 3^?e to " ousI y vo “. mgs to stan -less after payments 

gere, peddling stock, eneairi™ 2?5i ! n - 00 lhe debl used lo P*y for lL That « 

- - ■ T «4I wvu 

the world, orchestrating mega-mer- 
gers, peddling stock, engaging in all 
other varieties of wheeling and 
fleabag performed by Wall Street's 
investment banks. 

That’s quite a switch for what was 
once a nap-in-the-leather-aimchair 
commercial bank in an evaporating 
market for corporate loans. 

In its successful donning of Wall 
Street’s costume, Morgan can be 

everyone’s margins have been de- 

'‘There is a lot for Morgan to be 
proud of,” said Judah Kraushaar, a 
tanking analyst at Merrill Lynch & 
Co. “But if they want to establish 
themselves as a pre-eminent com- 

ings to stan — less after payments 
on the debt used to pay for it That is 
a drop in the bucket for Morgan, 
which earned $1.6 billion last year. 

So where will Morgan find the 
extra $500 million a year in profit it 
needs to satisfy the market? 

In its own way, J. P. Morgan is 
methodically and relentlessly trying 

P eQt P r ’J 10 h 10 ^ t0 bother to shoot the moon. It wants to offer a 
level of financial performance.” full range of trading, financing and 

m u/hirn rVumlac- : - ■ 

m To W ^ h ^ Wa T r ?d * 

comiMrcial banks that have more 
recently bought brokerage firms — 
BankAmenca Corp. or Swiss Bank 
Corp. — or for other banks, such as 
Chase Manhattan Corp., which are 
Biting veteran traders and deal 

to his friends as Sandy, has a forth- 
right response: Just you wait. 

“To be building at the pace we 

But it only wants to serve the 
world's largest and most sophisti- 
cated corporations and governments 

J _ « »zl. i _ e ■ ■ 

are building and changing our — and a handful of promising up- 
product mix at the pace we are chan- starts it thinks can reach those 

Sis fo^iidT^ r L and J , ^ al sti]i produce the kinds of heights with the help of J. P. Mor- 

matrers to build investment banks returns we have made is damn ran 

from scratch. 

But if these other banks look 

good,” Mr. Warner said. 

Still, he is keenly aware of in- 

_____ - , - — - uuu, ik u await ui uj- 

more closely, they may see more vestors’ concerns. Mr. Warner has 
warning signs than hope in Mor- taken modest steps to cut costs, to 

OSn c A ft .11 _ kL .i « « * ■ v 

gan’s story. After all, other than 
raising the paychecks of those of its 

use Morgan's capital more effi- 
ciently and. expand the company’s 

bankers n(R put out to pasture, what big, but slow-growing money man- 
tas all the hard work gotten for J.P. agement unit, a business seen as 
Morgans more stable than investment banfc- 

Not profits. Morgan’s return on mg. 
equify last year was 15 percent — a To that end, Morgan last month 
- net un e P er f° niiancc » especially said that it would buy 45 percent of 
111 xr ™“* nar k et - the - American Century Companies, a 

Not shareholder return. Morgan’s big mutual funds group, ror $900 
stock has trailed the broader market, milli on. For Morgan, which has 
as well as the share s of other banks generally served ooly corporations 
and brokerage firms. and the super-rich, the investment is 

Not even a clear path to success, meant to reach down into the ranks 

Roberto Mendoza, Morgan’s vice 
chairman and top deal maker is 
quick to acknowledge the seeming 
paradox of the company's attempt to 
profit from providing extensive, and 
costly, service to a handful of cli- 

“Yes. That is internally contra- 
dictory,” he said But it is also the 
“guts” of Morgan’s business — 
committing capital and providing 

big mutual funds group, for $900 
million. For Morgan, which has 
generally served only corporations 
and the super-rich, the investment is 
meant to reach down into the ranks 


He said that there was only one 
way for this strategy to pay off. 
Morgan must muscle its way to 

the very top of the financial moun- 

Many of Morgan’s client rela- 
tionships trace back to the days that 
J. Pierpont Morgan himself fin- 
anced the railroads and robber bar- 
ons and bankrolled the creation of 
the AT&T Cotp., the General Elec- 
tric Co. and United States SteeL 

But 20 years ago, as those clients 
stopped borrowing so much from 
banks, Morgan recognized that it 
needed to develop other ways to 
serve their needs. First in -London 
and later in tbe United States, as the 
Depression-era wall separating 
commercial and investment banking 
began to crumble, Morgan began 
underwriting stock and bond issues 
and advising on mergers. 

Morgan cbose to build a full-ser- 
vice investment banking business, 
eschewing both mergers and the hir- 
ing of high-priced mercenaries from 
competitors in favor of retraining its 
own people for new tasks. 

In die U:S. stock-underwriting 
business, which the Federal Reserve 
only allowed h anks to enter in 1989, 
Morgan ranks 1 1th this year. 

As recently as 1995, bond and 
stock investing for its own account 
generated 60 percent of Morgan’s 

So it was a milestone of sorts that 
60 percent of the bank’s profits last 
year came instead from its business 
with clients, including market mak- 
ing, underwriting and advisory ser- 

In the equity business, Morgan is 
taking a cautious step down-market. 

tiui; a I1 ,-h 

The Phantom Employees Among Us 

DOLLAR: A Pause in Climb 

r *> 

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By Nick Ravo 

New York Times Service 

They are phantom employees. They 
saunter in late, flip on the computer, 
drape a jacket over the back of the 
chair, perhaps read the newspaper or e- 
mail, linger over a cup of cappuccino, 
and then they vanish, sometimes leav- 
ing others to take up die slack. 

Or maybe they do not disappear. But 
somehow little or no work emerges 
from their cubicles, just a hushed voice 
making weekend plans, detailing erotic 
encounters or negotiating with Mas- ' 

Is life in the workplace fair? Do 
these shirkers ever get their comeup- 
pance? Or is life on die job, to para- 
phrase Woody Allen, mostly just about 
showing up? If you are reading this 
column while sitting at your desk at the 
office, get to work! 

One of the most common ploys 
phantom employees like to pull is the 
light trick. Robin Jatko of Park Slope, 
Brooklyn, writes of a friend who had 
been eznpIo}«d as the sole draftsman at 
an engineering firm for only a few 
months when the work flow dried up, 
leaving him with nothing to do all day. 
And no one cared. 

“Going out of his mind with bore- 

dom, my friend took to arriving at 9 
A.M-. turning on his drafting lamp and 
then going home for the rest of tbe 
day,” she wrote. 

A week or so later, his friend's su- 
pervisor stopped him in the hall " 
‘This is it. I’m fired,' thought my 
friend,” Ms. Jatko said. 

Wrong. “The supervisor reminded 
him to turn off his drafting lamp before 
he left each night,” she said. 

Out of boredom, Ms. Jatko’s friend 
eventually took another job. The su- 
pervisor was later fired. 

Gene Newman, who lives in Par- 
sippany, New Jersey, has known many 
of these goldbricks. and he has com- 
piled a composite called Harry, 
someone “only posing as a sales en- 
gineer,” he writes. 

“He didn't have (he spark or stare 
the thrill of the chase with his col- 
leagues in our Jersey City office,” he 
said. “Head office in Milwaukee was 
slow on the uptake, so Harry persisted 
in his casual approach and miserable 
sales record until fate stepped in." 

Harry hated commuting to company 
headquarters. Mr. Newman said, and 

a potential big contract, but it would 
take rime to schmooze through tbe bu- 
reaucracy there. 

Of course, Harry couldn't make a 
nuisance of himself by visiting the pur- 
chasing department every day. 

“So, be dropped in od the man- 
ufacturing. maintenance and account- 
ing people and once even took the night 
watchman to breakfast,” Mr. Newman 

Harry’s scheme was working until 
fate, die sequel, appeared in the form of 
a conglomerate, which acquired the 
little manufacturing concern. The man- 
ufacturer was exultant and told Harry 
that its operations would be greatly 
increased, and he would get tons of 

Sounds great, right? One problem, 
Mr. Newman said. So excited by the 
takeover were Harry’s company and 
the little manufacturer that they de- 
cided that Harry should spend all his 
time at the manufacturer’s operations, 
which had become his home away 
from home — or at least his home away 
from woik. 

Sounds great, right? Unfortunately, 

Continued from Page l the dollar’s slide on Friday. As 

Mr. Leven said, “There has 
is tied to the mark in Europe’s been no change in tbe under- 
exchange-rate system. lying fundamentals, this lotas 

The danger remains, for as like a big-position washout." 
Paul Meggy esi at Deutsche If any position was washed 

Morgan Grenfell noted, the away, it was in tbe pound, 
sell-off Friday could simply analysts said, 
have been a pause, similar to Britain has the highest in- 
the consolidations seen be- terest rates of any major in- 
fore the dollar blasted past dustrialized country and the 
1.80 DM and then 1.85 DM in prospect of further rate in- 

fare was a little manufacturer only a the manufacturer was moving to a new 
few miles from his home. So Harry plant in a distant county. “Harry,” he 

sold his superiors on the idea — bogus, 
of course — thai the manufacturer was 

said, “was condemned to a round-trip 
commute of 200 miles.” 

PROZAC: Growing Interest in Anti-Depressants for Children 

June. But, be added, that creases has pulled enormous 
looked unlikely. amounts of interest-sensitive 

Jim O’Neill at Goldman, “hot” money into the pound, 
Sachs & Co. warned that “the driving it to levels not seen 
' dollar could recover” if the since the early 1990s. 
Bundesbank kept its key It was no surprise when the 
money-market rate unchanged Bank of England on Thursday 
when it announces tbe con- lifted its base rate another 
ditions for its weekly secu- quarter-point to 7 percent, 
rides 'repurchase operations But what stunned the market 
early this week. was the bank's broad hint that 

But he said, “We are close this was likely to be the last 
to an important shift in the increase needed to keep in- 
relation between' tbe dollar flation in check, 
and the DM and in the mar- With the currency already 
ket’s view of a weak euro." at a level that tad British ex- 
The European Union’s porters screaming — and 
planned common currency is therefore not sustainable — 
now expected to be weak and with interest rates now 
when it is started in 1999. capped, the so-called hot 
Widespread worry about money pulled out. 
the euro's future value has For a large part, this hot 
been a major cause of tbe money was financed out of 
weakness of currencies sebed- Germany where it cost only 
tiled to participate in the slightly more than 3 percent to 

Continued from Page I companies are already prepar- 

ing them in mint and orange- 
anti-depressant for children flavored liquid versions. 

m m m -I — Iri/Ie n***»rl all 

/• ' . 

would be a tremendous mar- 
keting lift. 

Last year, nearly 600,000 
children and adolescents 
were prescribed Prozac, Paxil 
or Pfizer’s Zoloft, the most 
common of the new drugs, 
according to IMS America 
1 td , a research concern. 
Prozac prescriptions for those 

“Depressed kids need all 
tbe help we can give them,” 
said Leon Eisenberg, profes- 
sor of social medicine at Har- 
vard Medical School. “But 
even a good drug can be 
abused; look what happened 
with Ritalin. The availability 
of die pill has allowed doctors 
to disregard the importance of 

young might mean teenagers 
would be medicated just for 
acting like teenagers and that 

Her daughter’s psychiat- 
rist, Harold Koplewicz, a pro- 
fessor of clinical psychiatry at 

by promoting drugs without New York University School 
counseling, children would of Medicine, has had dozens 

get the wrong message. 

“If we are giving them 
medication to stabilize their 
moods,” Ms. Warren said, 
“they may not be able to 

of children on the new anti- 
depressants. He acknowl- 
edged that depression is dif- 
ficult to diagnose in children 
and that counseling should be 

planned monetary union. 

Ron Leven at J. P. Morgan 
said “the doiiar’s upward mo- 
mentum versus tbe mark has 
been broken.” He observed 
that experience showed that 
“when the dollar rallies 
against the DM in July, it 
pretty regularly tends to re- 
verse in August” 

But all the analysts warn 
about reading too much into 

borrow money that could be 
put into the pound which yiel- 
ded almost 7 percent. Thus, tbe 
rush out of me pound resulted 
in a tidal wave into marks, as 
well as into Swiss francs. 

Tbe pound lost just over 1 
percent Friday after a similar 
loss Thursday. For the week, 
the British currency was down 
3.5 percent against both the 
mark and the Swiss franc. 

handle the ebb and flow of tried first 

emotion that is part of life.’ 

But, he said children's de- 

see this pattern as an abuse of was against medication. But 
the drug now Tm a believer. I look at 

Marsha Levy Warren, a people with mental problems 
Manhattan clinical psycho!- and say, ‘Hey. why don t you 
ogist, said that she was wor- take this drug?’” 

ried that approval by the Food — — _ 

and Drug Administration of 
anti-depressants for the 

13 to 18 years old increased trying to find out what s go- 
46 percent last year. Over all, ’ ing on with these lads. 

Prozac sales totaled $1.73 bit Ritalin is a widely pre- 

lion in the United States in scribed drug used to treat al- 
1996, Eli Lilly said tention-deficit disorders or 

But the adult market for the related problems tn child- 
drues has become saturated hood and many children have 
New adult prescriptions for used it for years. Some critics 
Prozac fell ^percent last year see this pattern as an abuse of 
and 2.7 percent the year be- the drug, 
fore after increasing 13 per- Marsha Levy Warren, a 
cent' in 1994- Companies are M a nh a ttan clinical psychol- 
lotaing fOTCUstomers!^ ogist, said that die was wor- 

Fbmui! clearance by the ried that approval by the Food 
Food and Drug Administra- and Drug Admims nation of 
ti^ofanriSl^essants for antidepressants for the 

children would mean compa- - 

Hies could directly market APVEBTISEMEVr__ 

lh ^Tl» ■ <rompames are look- MGERS0LUUUU) COMPANY 

ing for expanded markets, (CPUs) 

said Barbara Ryan, The underagnwi amxxioces that IS 

director of Alex Brown & £. oa haSUsl 1997 at kas- 
Sons, who analyzes the phar- Auatit ue NX SpoUirwi lit 


Cnncs worry , COMPACT' eaebrepr. 5 shares wiB 

not enough is known ab° ut tumble *ith DflT Utt n& 
how anti-depressants woric on w.0jW7, jw > 

, . Wmin or that ITchgrr) deduction of 15% I'SA 

*<• growmg bnun wm p.^ ft nJS . on, 0,32 pa 

cost-conscious wsunm CDt Div. Wonringlo 
companies wdi mrn too of £ l* 

^ Py ‘^?r^uSncdurage AMSTERDAM 

mal approval couWemrouJB DEPOSITARY 

excessive presenj® 0 ^ COMPANY' N.V. 

dmss or even accidental — ^ Amrter dam. August 7, 1997 

dosS. especially since some 

But for the mother of the pression is undertreated and 
Long Island girl, agency ap- underdiagnosed, and medic- 
proval would be a relief. “It’s alion can be lifesaving. Far 
scary enough to give your from encouraging drug use, 
child medication,” said the he said, treating depression 
mother, a social worker, ‘ ‘but with medicine can “keep kids 
to give something that isn’t from medicating themselves 
approved is even scarier, with feel-good drugs” that 

There was no research, and I 




said Barbara Kyan, nwiw^a undasi ^ ed ^ * 

director of Alex Brown & 4^ nsU 1997 at kas- 

Qrm* who analyzes the phar- n 7 v_, SpuUiraai 1 a. 

Peter Catranis 
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Its traditional blue-chip clients 
rarely need to sell stock, so Morgan 
is courting smaller companies and 
leveraged buyout firms, the sort of 
folks it used to shun as “not our 

But the bank is limiting its deal- 
ings to an exclusive club of small 
companies that it figures will grow 
big enough to buy a lot of its ser- 
vices. offering its top choices the 
“sponsorship” of its name. 

One exa mpieis the Iomega Corp.. 
the rapidly growing maker of 2ip 
disk drives. “Morgan impressed us 
with the level of people they sent to 
talk to us,” Leonard C. Purkis, Io- 
mega’s chief financial officer, said. 

It will not take many missteps to 
derail Morgan’s ambition. The ma- 
chine Morgan has built is so ex- 
pensive to operate that if it cannot 
generate peak profits in bull markets 
like today’s, it will be swamped in 
costly overhead in a downturn. 

To be sure, Morgan has more 
capital than any Wall Street firm, so 
it could survive a slow period better 
than most. But it is that capital that 
keeps shareholder returns low even 
in good times, and Morgan is slowly 
cutting back its reserves and in- 
creasing its leverage. 

Many Morgan executives have 
even been quietly rooting for tur- 
bulent markets on the theory that 
when some of its hotshot compet- 
itors get into trouble, slow and steady 
Morgan will rise a few notches. 

Maybe then, the Morgan exec- 
utives hope. Wall Street wages will 
frill and fees will rise. 

GM and Union Reach Agreement 

i r l “mtr«i) — General Motors Corp. and the 

United Auto Workers have reached a tentative contract set- 
tlement, averting a strike at the 3.600-worker Detroit-Ham- 
tramck assembly plant that produces Cadillac luxury cars. 

Union members were expected to vote on the pact Sunday 
Details of the agreement were not available. 

The pact was signed Satuiday at around 3 A Al.. a company 
spokesman said, after the union continued to negotiate past its 
midnight strike deadline. 

The automaker and the union have been trying for about a 
year to reach a new contract for hourly workers at the plant 

It was the latest showdown between the UAW and GM, 
which has tad six strikes at its U.S. plants this year. 

GM faces another walkout this week. The UAW has set a 
strike deadline for Friday evening at the company’s 3,500- 
worker Willow Run transmission plant in Ypsilanti, Michigan. 

Australia Sets Sale of Telstra Shares 

MELBOURNE (Bloomberg) — Australia said the sale of 
one-third of Telstra Corp., its biggest-ever sale of state-owned 
assets, would begin in October and said Telstra shares would 
begin trading in November. 

The sale is expected to reap more than 8 billion Australian 

dollars ($5.94 billion) for the government. 

Finance Minister John Fahey said 65 percent of the com- 
pany's shares would be allocated to Australian investors, 
adding that die number of shareholders could reach 1 million. 
Telstra shares will trade on the Australian. New Zealan d and 
New York stock exchanges, he saicL 

Philippine Banker Issues Warning 

MANILA (AFP) — The governor of the Philippines’ 
central bank warned Sunday of capital flight and a further 
weakening of the peso if Congress carried out its plan to scrap 
the bank-secrecy law and tax foreign-currency deposits. 

Law-enforcement officials have asked Congress to pass a 
law allowing authorities to look into the bank accounts of 
suspected criminals to help in their investigations. 

A tax on foreign-currency deposits is among the provisions 
of a proposed tax-reform law awaiting the approval of both 
chambers of Congress. 

In a paper prepared for tbe Senate, Gabriel Singson, tbe 
governor of the central bank, said a lifting of the con- 
fidentiality rule would “have a destabilizing effect on tbe 
banking system and the economy as a whole.” 

He said the lifting of such a “cloak of secrecy” would 
“abet capital flight” 

U.S. Machine-Tool Orders Increase 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — U.S. orders for machine 
tools rose 38.9 percent in June from the previous month, aided 
by a strong increase in orders in Southern states, an industry 
survey said. 

Orders from U.S. companies for domestic and interna- 
tionally produced machine tools climbed to an estimated $894 
million in June from a revised $644 million in May, said a joint 
report from the Association for Manufacturing Technology 
and the American Machine Tool Distributors’ Association. 

June's gain, the fourth increase in five months, brought the 
total level of orders in the first half up 19.7 percent to $4.4 

Israel Maintains Inflation Target 

JERUSALEM (Bloomberg) — Tbe Finance Ministry, try- 
ing to increase growth and employment, said it would not 
pursue a lower inflation rare in 1998. 

4 ‘The goals are growth and lower unemployment,’ ’ Finance 
Minister Yaacov Nee man said. 

Next year's inflation target will be 7 percent to 10 percent, 
unchanged from this year’s target, the ministry said. The 
decision goes against the Bank of Israel’s recommendation of 
a target of 6 percent to 9 percent. Israel's consumer price index 
rose 5 percent in the first half of 1997. 

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PAGE 16 




Opens With 
Late Victory 

Manchester United 
Beats Tottenham, 2-Q 

QnvbdbtOvSMfFnm Dispose** 

Two goals in two minutes late in the 
game Sunday gave Manchester United, 
die E nglish champion, a 2-0 victory at 
Tottenham Hotspur in their Premier 
League opener. 

The match appeared to be heading for 
a goalless draw after Teddy S tiering ham 
of United missed a 60 th- minute penalty. 

But eight minutes from the end, Sher- 
in gharri, a player Tottenham sold to 
United for £3.5 million (SS.6 million) in 

World Socckr 

the summer, had a shot charged down by 
Ramon Vega. The ball ran to Nicky Butt, 
who slammed it past Ian Walker, the 
Tottenham keeper, from close range. 

Less than two minutes later, Vega 
deflected a harmless cross by David 
Beckham into the Tottenham own net. 

United deserved the points from a 
game dominated by both sets of defend- 
ers. The league kicked off Saturday with 
a host of new arrivals eager to impress the 
fans and justify their transfer fees. 

Arsenal paraded the Dutchman Marc 
Overmars, Liverpool had die German 
KarlHeinz Riedle and the England mid- 
fielder Paul Ince back from Italy, but 
□one found the net on a day when the 
locals fared besL 

Newcastle's Colombian striker, 
Faustino Asprilla, did score twice 
against Sheffield Wednesday. Wednes- 
day’s Italian Benito Carbone replied 
with a spectacular bicycle kick in a 2-1 

Arsenal relied on Ian Wright once 
again in a 1-1 draw at Leeds. Dion 
Dublin scored three times for Coventry, 
which beat Chelsea, one of the biggest 
importers of star players, 3-2. 

Liverpool's 17-year-old Michael 
Owen scored from a 71st-minute pen- 
alty in a 1-1 draw at Wimbledon. 

All had to sweat for their money on a 

V*, M—h/Tfa- ImiK-d FW 

Steffen Ivensen of Tottenham, center, cutting between Gary Pallister and Nicky Butt of Manchester United. 

blisteringly hot afternoon, bat few 
caused as much of a stir as an un- 
glamorous team in a small Yorkshire 
town whose captain, Neil Redfeam, 
made history. 

Redfeam *s team Barnsley, a small 
northern club, had spent 1 1 0 years in the 
lower divisions of the English league, 
but his ninth-minute goal against West 
Ham was Barnsley’s first in the top 
division and the first in the Premier 
League this season. For a matter of 
minutes, Barnsley led the Premier 

West Ham equalized shortly after 
halftime and seized victoiy in the 76th 
minute, with a goal by Frank Lampard 
Jr., the son of the former England full- 
back, who is the West Ham deputy man- 

Newly promoted Crystal Palace won 
2-2 at Everton. Balding Italian winger 
Attilio Lombardo, Palace's record signer 
from Juventus, scored a fine first-half 

goal and set up the second. He spoiled 
Howard Kendall’s fourth debut at Ever- 
tou. K endall, a star player with Everton in 
the 1960s and the architect of the clob's 
success in the 1980s, who was starting 
his third spell as the Everton m anager . 

GERMANY Borussia Moenchenglad- 
bach scored two goals in the final 11 
minutes Sunday to draw 2-2 in Berlin 
and push Hertha Berlin to the bottom of 
the Bundesliga. 

Hertha, which returned to the top 
division this season, led 2-0 when Bor- 
ussia's Peter Wynhoff scored in the 79th 
minute and Stefan Effenberg equalized 
from a free kick with one minute left 

On Saturday, substitute Ingo Ander- 
breugge scored with four minutes left to 
play to give Schalke, the UEFA cup 
winner, a 1-0 victory over Borussia 
Dortmund, the European champion. 

Anderbruegge, who had been on the 
field for eight minutes, fired the game- 
winner in fee 86fe minute to decide a 

match between two local rivals that had 
been billed as the ‘’Euro S ummit " 

‘’It’s just three points," said Huob 
Stevens, the Schalke coach. 

Defending champion Bayern Munich 
picked up its first victory this season, 
blasting Wolfsburg 5-2. 

Karlsruhe retained first place wife a 3- 
1 triumph over Armima Bielefeld. Gun- 
ther Schepens, a Belgian, snapped a 1-1 
tie wife a goal in the 78th and scored 
again 10 minutes later. 

Argentina River Plate took a 2-0 
victoiy over Velez Sarsfield on Sat- 
urday to retain its league title wife one 
round of marches to play. Uruguayan 
striker Enzo Francescoli scored both 
goals, after 12 and 65 minutes. 
Paraguayan goalkeeper Jose Luis Chil- 
avert also saved a penalty by ' 
Francescoli. Newell’s Old Boys — the 
only team wife a chance to knock River 
off the top spot — lost 4-1 to Ferro 
Carril Oeste. (AP. Reuters) 

U.S. Amateur Golfers 
Grip the Walker Cup 

Tke Associated Press 

SCARSDALE, New York — The 
American team overpowered Britain- 
Ireland in the Walker Cup on Sunday, 
winning three of four alternate-shot 
morning matches to move to within one 
point of victory. 

The United States needed to win just 
one point in the eight afternoon singles 
matches to reclaim the cup it sur- 
rendered when the Tiger Woods-led 
team lost 14-10 in Wales two years 

A victory would give the United 
States a 31-4-1 record in the interna- 
tional team competition fust played in 

The United States had led 1 1&4& at 
theendofplaySaturday. "We just kept it 
in play, kept it below fee bole and made 
them make fee putts to beat us," Steve 
Scott said after be and Duke Delcher won 
fee last rooming match 1-up over 
Richard Coughlan and David Park. 

The U.S. was 7-1 in alternate-shot 

‘‘This was the hardest thing I’ve ever 
done," Delcher said. "We wanted this 
bad — real bad." 

Delcher and Scott were the only 
Americans not to win a point on Sat-. 

urday. . * 

By fee seventh hole Sunday, the Brit-! 
ish and Irish team led in no matches. 

Its only bright light was Justin Rose, 
17, the youngest player ever in Walker. 
Cup competition. He teamed wife Gary 
Wolstenholme to beat Randy Leen and. 
Chris Wollmana, 2 and l, for his team’s 
only point of fee morning. 

The U.S. tea m overwhelmed its op- 
ponent wife a blend of top-level amateur 
experience — John Harris, Jerry Cour- 
ville Jr., Buddy Marucci and Delcher — 
and fee zest and talent of a half-dozen 
college players. 

‘‘They are so young and they have so. 
much ralpjir you’ve just got to stand 1 
back and let them run," Harris, 45, said 
after he teamed wife Brad Elder, 22, to 
beat Steve Young and Craig Watson, 3 
and 2. 

The victory gave Harris a 9-1 record 
in three Walter Cups. 

Elder, a senior at the University of 
Texas who will turn pro next year, won 
all three of his matches going into 
singles play. 

Langer Surges to Czech Victory. 


PRAGUE — Bernhard Langer of Ger- 
many won the Czech Open on Sunday 
wife an 8-onder-par final round of 63. 

Langer started fee final round four 
strokes behind the leader, Ignacio Gar- 
rido of Spain, and finished the day four 
shots ahead of both Gairido and Nietos 
Fasth of Sweden. 

Gairido shot a final round of 71 after 
three efforts in fee mid-60s, but assured 
hims elf a place on Europe’s Ryder Cop 
team feat will play the United States 
next month. Gamdo’s father, Antonio, 
also played far fee European team. The 
only other faiher-and-son duo to play in 
fee Ryder Cup are Percy and Peter Al- 
liss of Britain. 

Langer. who shot a 64 on Saturday, 
finished wife a 20- under total of 264, 
running up 15 birdies in the final two 
rounds. He collected $211,000 for fee 
victory and is in second place behind Ian 

Woosnam on this year's money list for; 
European golfers. 

A bogey on fee 17th cost Gairido 
second place outright, but he moved to 
sixth in the Ryder Cup points table, 
comfortably among the leading 10 auto- 
matic qualifiers. Fasth shot a final round 
of 66. 

■ Ek Leading at Snick Open 

Ernie Els shot a par 72 to hold the lead 
in fee Buick Open at Grand Blanc, 
Michigan, going into the final round. 
The Associated Press rq 

Els had a three-round total of 203 at, 
the end of play Saturday, good for a 
three- stroke lead over Curtis Strange, 
Larry Mize and Brad FabeL Strange shot 
68 on Saturday. Mize 69 and Fabel 70. 

"It was really tough out there," Els 
said "The fairways were pretty firm, 
the greens were firming up and fee pins 
were tucked in difficult positions.' ' 




Major League Standi nos 











New York 




















central Division 










3 Vi 











Kansas Oty 












































New York 

























SL Louts 
















Son Francisco 65 



— . 

Los Angeles 










San Diego 







Kansas Gty 

010 0 

180 100-2 

7 0 


501 810 10* — B 

15 0 

Bones. Ctukm <51. Perez (7). Whtaenont 
(8) and Mocfarkms Avery, Brandenburg (7) 
and Hatteberg. W— Avery 6-2. L — Bones 2-4. 
HR— Boston Jefferson (12). 

Texas 2W 000 103-4 7 7 

Orotund 4*1 OH MO-5 ( 0 

Slurtze. Bodes (7), Wettekmd to and I. 
Rodriguez; Coton. Axsamacher (7). Mesa 

(7) , M. Jackson to. A Lopez (9) and 

Borders. W — Bodes 1 L— ML Jackson 2-4. 
Sv-Wettetand 031. HRs-Texaa, 
Jir.Gonzalez (25). Cleveland. Ramirez (17). 
Detroit TOO 010 000-3 11 1 

Toronto OM 0M 07x—i 12 0 

Blair, NL Myers (B) and Casanova; 
W.Wlllkjms, Plesoc to, Oirantrfll (8). 
Escobar to and B. Santiago. W-W. 
WWams 7-ia L-Btoir 11-5. 5 v— Escobar 

(8) . HRs— Toronto. COelgado 2 (24). 

New York HO 001 000-1 u 0 

MJamsato MI 020 OGx— S 13 0 

Gooden. Medr n), Lloyd (51. Mendoza (8) 
and Posada; Hawkins. Trombley (71 and 6. 
Myers. Stebibach to. W-HowWns 4-7. 
L-Gooden 5-4. HRs— Minnesota. 
Knoblauch (8), R. Kelly (51. 

Chicago OH 0U 000-4) S 1 

Seattle 031 on 1BQ» — 5 to 0 

C.demons. N. Craz (51, Simas to and 

Kaikovtce RaJohnsan and Da. Wilson. 
W— RaJohnson 16-3. L— C. Clemons 0-2. 
HRs— SeaflK Griffey OS), E. Martinez (19). 
Baffimra OH 221 010— 4 12 0 

Anattuni OH 001 010—2 5 1 

Mussina, Orosco (8), A-Benltaz (8). 
RaJMyers (9) and Hofes D-Sprfnger. 

Da-May (7). Hawgawa (8), Cabaret (8) and 
Td.Greene. W— Mussina 134. L— O. 

Springer 7-5. Sv — RaMyers (33). 

HR— Baltimore. Bcrdkk (5). 


Sai Diego 100 OM 000-1 9 1 

Chicago OM Ml 82X-3 11 1 

P-Smfflv Bochtter (7). TLWorrefl to and 
Flaherty Tapani R-Tafts (7), Pisdatfa (8) 
and M. Hubbard. W— Ptsaotta, 2-0. 
L — Boctrttec 1-5. HR-Chkng* Sosa (25). 
San Francisco 011 002 000—4 9 0 

Montrerd DM M0 000-0 2 0 

Gaidner end B. Johnson; C Perez and 
FWdier. W— Gardner 12-5. L-C. Perez 1 1 -1. 
HR— San Fnmdsca Snow (20). 

Houston 1H 0M 000-1 3 2 

New York 011 4M OOs-6 13 1 

Reynolds. Lima (4), J. Cabrera (7), a 
Wagner (8) and Ausmm Boh a non, 
McMiehaet (8), Udle (9) and Hundley, 
w— Bohanon 3-1. L— Reynolds 6-7. 
HR— Houston, j. Mautan (3). 

PWadetpfcia ON 1M 000-1 3 3 

St Louis 202 0M 02X-4 12 2 

MXefcc R- Hants to and Ueberthnfc 
Osbornes C King to. Frascatore to aid 
DtfaSce. W— Osborne 2-4, L— Leffer 7-IZ 
HRs— SI. Loufa. Lankford (23), McGwire (1). 
Florida M0 310 280-6 11 1 

Atlanta lQi 0M 200-4 9 2 

AJ=enrandez. Cook (7). Powel (8). Men (9) 
and CJotoaoic Byrft Cottier (5). BteJecki (7), 
Entree (7). MHIwood (8) and J-Lopez. 
W— A. Fernandez 14-8. L— Byrd 3-2. 
Sv— Hen OS. HRs — Florida, C Johnson 
(15). Atlanta Btovser (14). 

Los Angeles Oil 620 000-10 15 1 
On draft 103 010 000-511 0 

Canrfiottl DreHari (6) and Piazza. Prince 
to; Morgan. R-Lewis U). Fe.Radrtguez (5) 
and J-ORver. W— CandMtl B-4. L— Morgan 3- 
ia S v— OreHtot 13). HRs— OndmotL 
Eda.Perez (10). JOfiverOl). 

P W l shtugh 1H 0M MB-3 11 0 

Cotonnto M3 200 0Cx-5 10 0 

Lieber, Sodowsky (7) and Kcndalb 
JraWrighl DeJean (7). Dipcta (8) and 
JfcReed. W — Jm. Wright 6-7. L-LJeber. 6- 
12. Sv-Olpato (5). HR— Pittsburgh, j. 
Gulden (11). 


Tens IN 003 009—4 8 0 

Cavtaa n d OH 010 280-3 6 1 

TeXtark, Patterson (6), Gunderson (7). 
Wettekmd to and l-Rodrigues Nagy, 
Assermwcher to, Shuey (9) and SAtomar. 
W— TeXHork, 1-3. L-Nogy, 11-8. 
Sv— Wettekmd (24). HRs-Traas. W.CIark 
(12). Cleveland, Giles (14), Branson 0). 

Thus OM 1M 100-2 7 1 

amtaod 1M 100 Jlx— 4 9 I 

Moody, Whiteside (7). VOsberg to, Leyriis 
Jacome. Shuey (6), Assenmadrer (7). Mesa 
(8), Borders, S. Alomar to . W— Assert modter 
34. L— Moody 0-1. Sv-Mesa (4). 
HRs— devetand. Justice 2 (21). 

Detroit on on 000-3 9 o 

Toronto Ml 010 000-2 4 1 

Slanders, Mires (6). Broaril (7), 
ToJones to and Walbedc Carpenter; 
Andutar (7). Plesoc to. QuantriR to and 
BJanttago- W-S. Sanders 49. L - 
Carpenter, 0-5. Sv— ToJones 03). 
HR— Toronto, BJanttago (8). 

CMcoge ON OM 382-5 4 0 

Seattle 001 0M 100-2 7 0 

Baldwin. McQroy to. Knrdmer (81 and 
Fabregns Ctoode. Spat)aric (7), Ayala (7) 
and Da.WRsaL W-BaWwtnS-IZ L-Ooode 
0-1. Sv— KsatJiner qj. HRs-Chkngo, 

Ventura (3). Seattle, DaWfeon (HD. 

Kansas City 0M 810 800-9 12 0 

Boston OH HI 100—2 6 3 

Rusch and Sweeney, Madarione (5); 
Suppaa Lacy (*Q, Wasdin (6), Mahay to and 
Hasetman. W— Rusch L-8. L— Suppan 5-1. 
HRs — Boston, Vaughn 06), Haselmon (4). 
New York HO 100 012—4 8 O 

Minnesota 100 004 OOO-l 8 1 

D.Wefe Nelson (8), MJUvera to and 
Gbmdi; Rodke, Swindell (9). Fr. Rodriguez 
19) and StelnfaadL W— D. Welts 13-S. 
L — Rodke 166. Sv-M. Rivero Q5). 
HRs — New York. Hayes (1 1 ). Curtis to. 
MBwaufeee 0M 001 010-2 S 0 

OaUaad 280 000 Ole-3 8 f 

J Merced eo A. Reyes (6), Adanson (7). 
Wtckman (7) and Matheny, Leris (8); 
W Ada ms. Mohler (6), T. JMothews (7). 
Taylor to ond Moyne, Moftna (9)- W— T. 
J Mathews 3-1 . L— wtdumm 6-4. Sv— Taytar 
(71). HRs— Milwaukee, Js.Volerrtln (111. 
Oakland. Be8horn (3). 

Batfiraare IN OH 002—3 j 0 

Anaheim MO ISO 03X-4 4 1 

Kamieniecfcl Rhodes to raid Webstec 
Finley, Petdval to aid Greene. W—C Finley 
12-6. L— Rhodes 7-3. Sv — Perckror (19). 

Florida 002 OM 001-3 71 

Atlanta ON 103 00*— 4 90 

LHeroandez. Stanifer (6), FJteredin (7). 
Heikng (7) and CJohnsorv Smoltz. Wohler* 
(9) and J. Lopez. W— Smoltz. 119. 
L— Stanifer, 1-1. $v — Wohlers (28). 

San Diego 010 400 110-7 12 1 

Chicago ON 050 000-5 10 0 

Ashby, Cimnane (5). D.Veras (7). 
TLWamHI to. Hoffman (8) and Flaherty: 
TrochseL Battenfield (5). R. Tate 16). 
T .Adorns (6), Patterson (8). Pisdatta to and 
M. Hubbard. Houston to. W— Cimnane. 6-Z 
L— T. Adams, 1-6. Sv-Hofftnrm (27). 
Pttfsbor^i 131 0M 200-7 12 0 

Colorado 320 HI 101—8 11 1 

Cooke. Ruebd (l), P. Wagner (7). Rincon 
(8). Loisefte to and Kendalb F-CastUto. 
Hutton (7). DeJean (7), M. Munoz to and 
Moiwartng. W— M. Munoz 2-3. L— Rincon 4- 
6. HRs— Pittsburgh. Sveum to. Colorada L 
Walker 2 (35). Gatarroga (30). N- Perez (S). 
Los Angeles no 0M 060—2 t 1 

GpciaatS 101 MI 00*— 3 7 2 

(.Valdes. Hall (8) and Piazza; G White 
BeSnda (8). Shaw (91 and J. Ofiver W-G. 
White 1-0. L— I. Valdes 6-10. Sv— Shaw (22). 
HR — Cincinnati R. Sanders (14). 

Hoastoa ion 2H 00S-8 11 3 

New York 010 002 000—3 4 0 

Halt, R. Springer 17). B .Wagner (9) and 
Ausmus BJJones. Wendell (7). Rotas (8) 
and Hundtey. W — R. springer 2-3. L— Rojas 
0-5. HR6 — Houston. Bagwei 2 (31). New 
York, HuncBey (34). 

SonFrmdsco 001 OH 000-1 4 1 

Montreal 010 OH 001-2 8 1 

Estes R. Hemandez (8) ond Benytut 
PJ Martinez and FleWier. W— P. J Martinez 
14 5. L-R. Hemrmdez 1-1. 

PhiTodeftlhkl 1H 002 000—3 9 0 
SL Louis 0M 000 200-2 3 0T_Green. 
Brewer (7). Sohbftco (81 and Ueberthat 
Aybat Fossas (8), C King (8) and Lampkln. 
W— T. Green 3-f. L— Aybor 0-1 

Sv— Bottato (22). HR-PModelphia 
Jefferies (10). 

Japanese Leagues 
























46 .49 














































N irroon Ham 












Yokult 7, Yokohama 4 
ChunkMZ Yomiuri 1 
Hiroshima lot Hmshki 5 


Lotte 5, Orta 2 
Seflju 4. Nippon Ham 2 
Kintetsu 5, Daki 2 


HuNQABtAN Grand Pbk 

Lrarflng muffs of Sunday's Hwigariwi 
Grand Prls over 77 lapo at the Hungararing 

1, Jacques VSeneuve. Canada WDBoms- 
Rerautt 1 how 4Sminutes 47.1 49 seconds Z 
Damon HBL Britaia Anows-Ymntao 9.079 
seconds behind; 1 Johnny Herbert Britain 
Sauber 20445; 4. Mkhoei Schumodien Ger- 
many, Fonarfl 30501; % Raff Sdiuitnche& 
Germany. Janlan-Pevgeat 30715; A Shlnjl 
Nakana Japan, Prosi-Mugen-Hondn 41512 
7, Jomo Train, Italy. ProstMuoen-Honda 
1:15552; & Gerhard Berger, Austria Benet- 
ton-RenrsiU l:)6^0K 9. Eddie Irvine, [retard 
Feimtl classified without having finished 1 a 
Ukyo Kotova ma Japan Minard 1-Hart l tap. 

STANDWOS: 1, M. Schumacher, 56 
points; 2. VBtareuve. S3; 1 Jeon Atesi, 
Franca 22b 4. Bargee 20; & Heinz Jlorold 
Frenttea Germany, lftd Irvina lft7,OHvler 
Ponls. Franca is 8. Mika HakUnea Rn- 
ta» d 14.9, D avid Coulthard Britain, 13; I OR. 
Schumacher, 1 1 . 

rrsl74 points! WlKairrs-Renau It 72:3; Benet- 
ton-RenauU 4 McLmenMeitedes 2&- 5, 
Prost-Mugen Honda 20k a Jordan- Peugeot 
19: 7. Sauber-Pe fronts 12; & Arrows- Yamaho 
7; 9, Stewort-Ford 6 ; 1ft TyrreB-FoTO 2. 


San Sebastian 

Leading finishers Saturday In the XXVU 
San Sebastian tntemationai Classic, a 230- 
kOotrater I1UMM) World Cup event I. 
Oavide RebelSa holy. 5 houra47 mlnutea 22 
seconds; 2, Alesandre Gontchenkov. Russia 
same time. X Stefdno Cokrga holy, sJ. 4 
Maurizlo Fond (test lUy, s.U & Gkmluca 
BcriotamL Italy, sJ„ ft Rolf Sorensen, Den- 
mark. s.1. 7. Beat Zberg, Switzerland, 5.1. 8. 
Jens Heppneii Germany, si, 9. RidKad 
Vbenqua Franca sJ„ 1ft Giuseppe Tartog- 
gia (fafy. s.L 


I Her \ 

&H&l^AT7H£B£m?y . 



‘mxzr-um? / A£ 

*E13 13 

t? r r t t I 

rr t z 
res, z. % . 

u7 1 

PAmu?V£ m&A SNr&OtBR 
_ tmam&A u$.wciopy~ 


1, Sorensea 212 poinK 2, Michele Bartaft 
Italy. 196; X Zbeig. 12ft 4 Laurent Jalobert 
France. 1 14; & Andrei Tchmfl. Ukrafcte 104 
& Rebetas 101; 7, Erik Zobel Germany, 10ft 
ft Blame Rfls, Denmark, 10ft 9. Frederic 
Guesdoa Fnmca 100; 1ft Daride Casarotta 
Italy. 9ft. 



AusIrAi 1st Innings 427 
England 1st Innings: 313 
Austnifta 2nd Innings: 336 all out 
England 2nd Innings: 186 
AostraBa leads sta- match sertes 3-1 

Sri Lanka: 332 oDoel 
Intfia: 226-4 


WFL Preseason 


□ndmrti27. Detroit 23 
Buffalo 19, Minnesota 3 
N.Y. Jets 39, Baltimore 29 
NewEngiond )4 Deltas 10 
St Louis 12. Arizono 0 
Green Boy 37. Oakland 24 

Atlanta 17, Tampa Bay 12 
Washinglan 1 & Tennessee 1 ? 
Denver 7X Carefina 13 
JadaonriHe 3& N.Y. Grants. 16 
New Orteo ns 24 Kansas City 7 
San Frandsco 21, Seattle 1 7 
San Dtego 21 Indtortapods 17 

CFL Standings 


Toronto 5 2 0 10 

Montreal 4 3 0 8 

Hamilton 16 0 3 

Winnipeg 16 0ft 

Edmonton 6 I 0 12 

British Columbia 4 3 0 8 

Saskatchewan 4 3 0 8 

cragary 3 4 0 6 

Sas*atahewan3ft Kamffton 20 

Montreal 4ft British Cohirrrtna 31 

Czech Open 


223 158 
165 212 

150 200 

151 228 

226 150 
195 191 
167 1A8 
195 I6S 

Leading final rearats 
the Czech Open played 
Koristafn OoH CMl 
merer*), per 71: 

B. Longer. Germany 
Ignodo Garrick* Spam 
Nietos Feta. Sweden 
M. aj Jimenez Spate 
A-Cefka. Germany 
P. Sjakmd, Sweden 
A Cottart Scotland 
P. HecMani, Sweden 
M. Long, NewZeaiand 
L- W estwood. England 

attar tour rounds al 
In Karisrem « the 
6A03 yards [6^20 

7IV67-64-63 — 264 

66- 65-66-71—268 

70- 65-67-66—268 

67- 64-67 71-269 

71- 67-67-65—270 

72- 67-e8-64—271 
67-71-66-67 — 271 

66- 71-67-67—271 

67- 68-68-68—271 


Bnffrn Ni'lA H -Sniatraiv Unpin/ A" fthrJminlln Ihrr f Smith L hlmmhvttnl Ihmbl Tribune f /Vn^«.uiu/ Ihrlnrrdujn tjit 


:up*9 7 


Walker Cup 



Brad Elder-Joel Kribel United States, def. 
Borakry Howard-Steven Young, Britain- Ire- 
land. 4- and 3; Jerry Counrifle Jr.-Buddy 
Mamed. Ui. def. Justin Rose-Mfchaei 
Brooks, GB&L 5 <md 4. 

Jason Goto- J ohn Harris. UJ. def. Gary 
Vtoistenhokne-Koith Nokn GBit 6 and 4- 
Randy Leen -Chris WoKroona UJ. def. 
Richard Caagtrian-David Pm*. CBSL l-op. 

Craig Watson. GOAL def. Steve Scott. U.S. 
1-op; Young, def. Duke Oetaier. UA. 
5 and 4 Elder def . Howard. 5 and 4 Rase def. 

Leen det Nolan 3 and 1 Cm del. Graham 
Rankin G8AL 3 and Z Coughlan halved with 
WatUnana John Kants. UA, det waisten- 
huhn& 1-up. 

Uelted states lift Britom-lrekaid 3>y 

imiaai mai 

John Hants- Brad Eldec United States, del. 
Steven YoimgCra)g Watson Britain- Ireland 
3 and 2r Jerry CounriHe-Buddv Monied. US. 
del. Barclay Howard-Graham Rankin CBU, 
5 and 4. 

Dufco Detcher-Stave Scott UA. def. 
RkriaTO Coughion-Denrid Peek, GB&1. 1-ap. 
Gary Wo t sfcnhobnc- Justin Rose, GB&L def. 
Randy LeavQms Woibnann Ui. 2 ond I. 
United Stales 1 1Vft Brttoto-lretard 4 1 ., 


(6). Spate 46, 6-ft 5-2 retired. 

Thomas Muster IS). Austria det. Jan 
Stemerink, Nefttertardft 6-7 17-)). 7-6 (7-3), 
7-6 (7-5); Michael Chang (2), United States, 
def. Gustavo Kuerten (10). Biazi. 6-1, 6-2. 


Sampras 0). def. Costa (14). 6-1 6-4 
Muster (5). def. Chong ®. 6-1 a-4 76 (7-2). 



Feta MarrtAo 0). Spain def. Chrisftoa Ruud 
(I), Norway, 6-ft 6- l.McgmgGwtatooaSwe- 
den (tel Andrei Pavel Rommaa, 6-L 46. 6-1. 

Domini k Hrfaoty (6), Slowkte def. Adrian 
Vatnea Romania. 7-6, (7-5), 46, 7-& Carlas 
Co ra n Spain del Javier Sanchez (4), Spain 


Gustafssan del Casta. 1-6 6-1. 6-3; Man- 
Wa (1 ). def. Hrbaty (61. 64 66. 


MarrilUo (1J. def. Gustatason, 6-4 6-1. 



Martina Hingis (1), Switzerland, def. Ante 
Huber 161. Germany. 6-1 6-ft Lindsay Dav- 
enport (4). U nited States, def . Nathalie Touzi- 
at France. 6-1. 3-6 6-3; Amy Frazier. United 
States, def. Arantxa Sanchez Vienna (5). 
Spain 3-66-1,6-3. 


Davenport (4), def. Hingis 0). 6-Z 4-66-4 
Manicn Seles (2), United States, def. Frazier, 
6-ft 62 


Pete Somsiw 0)« United States, def. 
Yevgeny Kracfnikav (7). Russia 6-2. 62 aj- 
bert Costa (14), Spain det. Sergl Brugucro 


Barnsley 1. West Ham 2 
Blackburn I, Derby 0 
Coventry 3. Chekea 2 
Everton 1, Crystal Patera 2 
Leeds 1, Arsenal) 

Leicester 1, Aston VSta 0 
Newcastle 2 Sheffield Wednesday 1 
Southampton a Bolton 1 
Wlmbiedon 1, Liverpool 1 
Tottenham a Manchester United 2 
STAND mas: Manchester United 3 points. 
Coventry 1 Crystal Potoce X Newcastle 1 
West Ham 3, Blackburn ft Bolton ft Leicester 
3; Arsenal l, Leeds I, Uwtrpool 1, Wlmbiedon 
1; Chelsea ft Barnsley ft Everton ft Sheffieta 
Wednesday ft Aston VI Ho ft Derby ft 
Southampton ft Totten bren ft 

Basria I, Guingamp 0 
Monoco 2 Chaleauraux 2 
Cannes ft Toulouse t 
Metz 4 Bordeaux 1 
Marseflte 1, Nantes 0 
Le Havre 4 MontpeSterO 
Strasbourg 2 Lens 1 

STANDINGS: Metz 6 points, Paris St Ger- 
main 6 Marseille 6 Bosfia 6 Toulouse 6: 
Strasbourg 4 Le Havre ft Lens ft Lyon 1 
Guingamp ft Bordeaux ft- Monoco I. 
Chateau roux, t, Montpellier 1; Nantes ft 
Cannes ft Auxerre ft Rennes 0. 

VfB Stuttgart I, Bayer Leverkusen 0 
Bochum ft Duisburg 0 
Hertha Berlin 2. B. Moenchcngtadboch2 
standings: Katsenlaufem 6 points; 
Borussia Dortmund 4 Karlsruhe 4 Wotfsbarg 
4 Bochum 4 Dubbura 4 VfB Stuttgart 4 
ArroHiki BieleteM ft Schalke ft Bayer Lev- 
erkusen ft Borussia Moenctienglortoach ft 
Cotogne 3f Hamburg 2 I860 Munich 2 
Hertha Berlin 2 Bayern Munich 1, Hansa 
Rostock 1. We rder Bremen 1. 

camiuunr cud 


AIL Mine m (Brazil) 2 Cruzeiro (Brazil) 1 
auuea league socca 
WostVngron D C 4 Los Anodes 2 
Kansas City 2 Tampa Boy 0 
C dorado ft New England 0 
San Jose 2 Columbus I 
Eaatem Conference— O.C 42 points; Tampa 
Bay 31- New England 2ft Columbus 21 NY- 
NJ 19. W at om Conference— Kansas City 
3& Coiarado 32; Dallas 3ft Los Anodes 2& 
San Jose 21. 

otvuuunotuu. fmuidlt 

Brazil 1 South Korea I 


World Championships 



Abei Anton. Spam. 2 hours. 13 mkurtes. 
16 seconds; 2. Martin Rz. Suam 2;l»r; X 
Stephen Moneghem. Australia 21416 4 
DonjtoGaffl Italy, 2:14:47. ft Lutz Dos Santos 
A. BrazIL 2:1 55)1, 6 Fabian Ronccra Spain 
« 7 * &ocomo Lc °ne. nary, £)ht6- ft 

Azzedaw SakhrL Algeria 7:1 7 4A 9. Eduard 
Tukhbatunnv Russia 217.44 Jft ArriortoRo- 
PoriupaL 217^4; 11 , pplUppe Rc- 
France, 2 : 1 8: 1 V; 1 2 XoUte Yawa Soata 
“r™. ^.B-37. lft Dave Scudamore, United 
14 w *» Kotomba Conga 
52i7 Gortua Manuel Spate 

ti n 1 ' 14 Brucc D«ote Canada 22(k2ft 
17. Dowd Buzza, Britain. lft Jose 
Costa Rica 27th5i 19. NBuriaas PaF 
22lria 2ft El Daroaoul 
Momcca 221 IB. 



viraih®?, F ? l, * c1 ' Germany, 6B^4 melons; 2 
m * le,snn - Limuonta. 6& 7ft ft Juergen 
3aHjn - Cermony, 60. 1 A A Vtadlmlr 

DubrovshdiBi Betaru% 66.12 & John Go- 
dina U.S, 46Mt & Andreas Seefig. Germany. 
64481 7, Adam Seftfl. Ui. 6344 ft Robert 
Wdr. Britaia 63JM; 9. Jason Tunka Camufa 
6230; lft VDafiy Sidorov. Ukraine. 6022 11, 
Vas» KoptyuMi Betorus. 60.12 12 Alefc- 
sander Tammeft Estonia 5944. 

rou vault 


1, Sergei Bubka Ukraine, 60) meters; 2 
Maksim Tarasov: Russia 5 Me ft Dean 
Starkey, U.S, 5.91; 4 Tun LoMnger. Ger- 
many. SJft S Nkhotas Buckflekt Brttrria 
5.7ft 6 Pat Manson U3, 5JU 7, Votim 
S trogatyov. Russia 5.7ft ft Yevgeny S mayo- 
gin. Russia 67ft 9 equal Marlin Eriksson. 
Sweden 5 .50, 9 equal Dormy Krasnov, Israel 
S_5ft 11, Trend Borttwl Norway. 15ft Riaan 
Botha South Africa no mark recorded. 

5.000 MCIUS 

1. Daniel Komea Kenya 13 minutes, 07-38 
seconds; 2 KhoBd Bataaml Morwm 
1 3d»J4 2 Tom Nyarfid. Kenya 1211 j09t 4 
Unroil SgbyL Morocco, 1217^5; ft Dieter 
Mownam Gemtony, 121744 6 Bab 
Kennedy, UJ- 13:19-45s 7, El Hasson Lahssi- 
ni. MorocoL 1330J2 & Enrique Mofina 
Spain. 1224.54 9. Monuel Pancarfaa Spain, 
I325J& 1ft Fita Baytssa Ethiopia. 1325.9ft 
11. AbdeHoh Befwr. France, 1229.1ft 12 
Wortu BWta Ethiopia 1330.02 11 Pool 
Bitok. Kenya 130025; 14 Dkndsio Castro, 
Portugal 1331.7* lft Pabto Olmeda Mex- 
ico. 1405.59. 

4x100 Him RBJKV 

1. Canada 3736 seconds (Robert Esmie. 
Glenroy GBbert Bruny Surfa Donovan Bar- 
ley); 2 Nigeria 3ft07 (Osmond Eztowa Ota- 
pode Aden Brers Fronds Obikwefu. Davidson 
Eztovra); X Britain 38.14 (Dwain Chambers. 
Darren Campbell Dovgfos Walker. JoOan 
Golding); 4 Cuba 3&lft ft Ghana 3826 6 
Brazil 384ft 7. Spam 38.72 ft Fnmce 3926 


I. United States 7 minutes. $647 seconds; 
l Jerome Young. Antonio Pettigrew, Chris 
Jones. Tyree Washington); 2 Britain 25645 
(twen Thomas. Roger Block. Jamie Boukft 
Mark Richardson); 1 Jamaica £5675 
(Michael McDonald. Gregory Houghton. 
Danny McFarianec Davkm Clarke) : 4 
Poland 3JXL26- ft South Africa 20026 6 
FronwSOUte; 7. Zimbabwe 3:01.41 ft Italy 



1, Trine Halta5ta6 Norway.eft 78 meters; 2 
Joanrro Stone, Australia 6864 2 Tan|o 
Darooska Germany, 4 Mikoelo In- 
gberg, Finland, 660ft 5, Felicio TDea Ro- 
mania 649ft 6 Sonia Btasd Cuba 63.0ft 7, 
Osletdis Menendez. Cuba 6376 ft Tatyana 
Shlkolenka Russia 63.76 9. Oksana Ovchin- 
nikova Russia 6292 10. Hwi Rantonea Fin- 
land. 6264 II. Mimta Man|anFTzelUl‘ 
Greece. 61-02 12 Rita Romonouskaile, 
Uttawraa 573ft 


1 , Ljudmlo GaWna Russia 70S m e ters 2 
NBd Xonthou. Greece 694 X Fiona May, 
Italy. 691; 4 Hefce Orechsier. Germany: 682 
ft Jackie Joyner-Kersee. United Stales. 679:6 
Susan Tiedtke-Greene. Germany, 67ft 7, Vic- 
tortya Vershinina Ukraine, 671; ft Erica Jo- 
honssorv Sweden. 66« 9, Magdalena Khrts- 
tova Bulgaria 664 lft Marian Jones, united 
States. 662 II, Sharon JaMofcfiy, Nether- 
lands. 461; 12 CNoma A) uran, Nigeria 571. 

1. Harare Haugtand. Norway. 1.9? nreferv 3 
eguaL Olga KoBtarina Russia 1.96 7 envoi 
Inga Babakova Ukraine. 1.96 4. Yulia 
Lyakhova Russia 1.96- 5 equal Kaisa 
Bergqvist Sweden 1 .91 s eaual Tatyana 
Mafkmra Russia 1.91 /equal ASnaAstofex 
Gemtony, 1.92 7 equal Brihu Biioc Slovenia 
171 7 equal Antanella Bevflacqua Italy. 
1.92 tOaqualHefireB<rick,Germaa 1.9ft 10 
equal Hestrie StaTOeek, Saulh Africa 1.9ft 
12 Pta Zinck. Denmark, 1.90. 

HaOe, Norway, 15373ft- 15, Yuko KawiAana 
Japan 15^48. 



1, LudroBa Engquist Sweden 1250 sec- 
onds 2 Svetla Dimftrovq, Btrigaria 125ft 2 
MldialleFfeeiiKteJanKriai 1261;4Brtgita 
Buknvec. Slovenia 126ft ft Dtanne Rase, 
Jamaica 1257; 6 Katie Anderson, Canada 
128ft 7. Svetlan a Urokhova Russia 125ft 
Patricia Girard France, disqualified. 

4x1 DO AWTni R1LAY 

1, United Sttries (Ctnyste Gabies; Marion 
Janes Inger MBec Gail Devcn). 4147 sec- 
onds; 2 Jamaica (Beverly McOtntt Mar- 
tens Frozec Jufiet Qrihbert Beveriy GronQ. 
421 ft 1 France (Patricio Girard Christine Ar- 
rorv D^phlne Combes SyManne FcSO, 4221; 
4 Germany (Melanie PasdAs Esther Mate; 
Birgit Rodanetan Andrea PMSpp), 4244 5. 
Russia (Oigo Povtarowc Gofino MatdwginiB 
Marina Tnmdentarws Yekaterina Leslidie- 
«j), fl5ft 4 Bahamas (Eidece Ckvte Se- 
wrtredo Fynes. Debbie Fergirsort PouSne 
Doris). 4272 7, Nigeria (Be&ice Utondo- 
Okoye; Endurance Otokote Angela Atedes 

FaaatOgunkoya),4322& China (Pri Farv 
Ytm Jfcmkuc Uu XJoomeb U XnameO, 4232 


I, Germany 33052 seconds (Anfce Feflec 
Ufa Rohtander, Anjo Rucker, Grit Breuert;Z 
United States 33IJD (Maicri Maione-WW- 
kxa Kim Grohom. Kba Batten. Jerol MBes- 
Clark); 1 Jamolco 32150 (Inez Tunrec Lor- 
raine Grohom. Dean Hemmingft Sonde 
Rtehards); 4 Russia 32157; ft Czech Re- 
public 22372 6 Britain 32627; 7, Nigeria 
32204 ft Italy 32062 

Medals Table 





T9 M 

United Stales 






























Czech Rep. 













































South Africa 


























































































Sri Lanka 





































1. Hiram) Suzuki Japan 3 hours, 29 min- 
utes. 48 seconds; 2 Mono eta Mochoda Por- 
ted* 231:12 X Lidia Simon. Romania. 
2315ft 4 TafcMo Tobtee. Japan 272:18: ft 
Omollo Ferrara. Haty. 233:1ft 6 Iris Blba 
Germany; 23406 7. Sonjo Oberem. Ger- 
many. 23578; ft Franztsko Rochat-Maser. 
Swfberiand. 276:16 9. Yetena Razdraglna 
Russia 27677.- lft NobukoFullmurn Japan 
23651: 1 1. Anuta Catena Romania 27878: 
12 Maria Poilzua Greece; 279:10; 1 X Franca 
Ftaccanl Italy, 27»52 14 Citnsnne Mates 
France. 2405S lft Ehenesh Aiemu. 
EtWoota 2 a 1:00: 16 Grete Klrheberg. Nor- 
way, 241.-05: 17. Mmyse Le Gotta France, 
2^1.08: lft Aurica Bute. Romania 241:4ft 
19. Mariko Horn. Japan 242.0ft 2ft Heather 
Turtand. Austrada 272 12 

s .000 aunt) 


1. Gabncta Szaba Romania 14 rotautes. 
5768 seconds: 2 Roberta Brunei Italy, 
145639.- X Fernanda RUwlia Portug a l 
I456BS.-4 Paulo Rodditfn Britain IK0I.74 
ft Lydia ChcmmeL Kenya 16-076& 6 Uu 
Jtanytng. Clibia 1 5:1064 7. Libbie Hickman 
United Stales. 15:1 Lift ft Horumi Hirayama 
Japan 1571.19:9. Wei LI China 15:2404 lft 
Mcrima Oonboba Eiteopn, 1577.76 11. 
Kata Anderson, Australia 15:27.7ft IX Ay 
elcch Worku, emlopta 1 578.07: IX Noofco 
TakahashL Japan 15J27X 14 Gunhrld 


Baltimobe— Signed OF Damcfl McDon- 

Milwaukee— Pul OF Matt Mleske on JS- 
doy dteobled DsL Recalled OF Brian Banks 
from Tucson PCL. 

OAKLAND — Put INF Scwt Brostus. OF Jon 
Conseco on 15-day disabled Rst. Recoiled 
INF Mark BeOhom from E dm on to n PCL, 
Oahned RHP John Johnstone off waivers 
from Son Francisco Giants. Transferred OF 
Daawi Moshore horn IS- day to 60-dav hi*. 
owed list ’ 

s battle— O pttoned RHP Felipe Lira to 
EwrmNL Recalled RHP Ken Claude from 


CMCINNATI— Put LHP Pete Schourek nn 

RHP Dave Burba on IS-day disabled IkL 
Opdaned OF Curih Goodwti^ IrStaSpX 
AA. Promoted OF Chris Stynes from mot 
anapotts. Caned up RHP Gate Write 
LHP Pedro A. Martinez tram Indianapolis. 




craanNATv!Srt^?Cre ‘iSX'joBr 

OIWWR Damon Donleb. JW,0fl 





PAGE 17 

r, >\ 
mu ^ 


t Villeneuve Wins Hungarian Prix 

Canadian Passes Damon Hill on Last Lap, as Briton’s Car Fails 

The Associated Press 

-® ljD ^ P ^ S T — Jacques Villeneuve 
of C anad a overtook the defending world 
champioiu Damon Hill of BritaiiCon the 
final tap Sunday to win the Hungarian 
Grand Pnx. 

HiH had led for much of the race and 
had a 34-second lead with three laps to 
go, out then slowed dramatically with 
throttle and gear problems. 

Villeneuve, driving for Wiiliams- 
Renanlt, cut 10 seconds off the lead in 

** 7 5th ° f 77 ^PS- He then gained 
another 20 seconds in the 76th lap and 
went on to win by nine seconds over Hill 
§ who was bidding for his first victory 
v with his Aitows- Y amaha team. 

“I was really thinking about winding 
down for the last three laps, hot I didn’t 
dunk about winding down as much as 
that,” Hill said. “With about three laps 
to go I had a throttle problem. Then my 
gears went and I wasn’t able to use the 
throttle. At one point I was stuck in 
second. And that was that” 

Villeneuve had to swerve onto the 

grass to pass Hill, who was moving from 
side-to-side to control his car. 

” He was worth a win today,” Vil- 
leneuve said of Hill. “He drove well and 
was really flying. But where I am con- 
cerned, it’s much better for us this way 
because we are fighting for the cham- 

Johnny Herbert, in a Sauber-Petronas, 
was third, 20 seconds behind Hill. 

Michael Schumacher of Germany, 
who had the pole position, was fourth, 
30.5 seconds back and just ahead of his 
brother, Ralf, in a Jordan-Peugeot Schu- 
macher now has 56 points in the season 
standings, leading Villeneuve by three 
with six races left 

Villeneuve was timed in 1 hour, 45 
minutes. 47.14 seconds for the 77 laps 
that covered a distance of 303.53 ki- 
lometers (188.18 miles). He averaged 
173.29 kilometers an hour (107.4 miles 
an hour). 

Hill started in third place on the grid 
and beat Villeneuve to the first comer, 
trailing only Schumacher after the first 

' -V'% ’ . 

lap. After five laps, Schumacher slowed 
slightly, and after 10 laps there were six 
cars within three seconds of each other. 

Hill darted past Schumacher ax the end 
of the 10th tap, making a move on the 
inside just after the start-finish line. By 
the end of the lap he had opened up a 2.6- 
second lead. 

Heinz-Harald Frentzen took the lead 
after Villeneuve and Hill took pit stops 
and held first place for four laps. But 
after the 28th tap, a burst of flame came 
from Frentzen’s engine. He drove to the 
pits and stayed there. It was the third 
consecutive race that his Williams- 

Renault had failed to finish. 

After taking a 12-second lead over 
Villeneuve. Hill moved it up to almost 
24 seconds at the end of 51 taps when 
both hit the pits again. Die Briton then 
moved the margin over Villeneuve to 30 
seconds with 15 laps to go and held most 
of it until the final three laps. “ My hopes 
were going down to nothing,” Villen- 
euve said. “Then the team told me be 
was slowing down a Iol” 

1 >'***• * 



■, i, * -V : * * • 

\.v-. *• 

» ;vi<, 
> »< »t 

A- r. ' v 
’ . 


■r • v s A:. ' 

■ - '■><-. •». . 

I err f..-ULThr \. 

Michael Schumacher powering his car back onto the track after it slipped off 1 during warm-ups in Budapest. 


M fc r 

Tigers 9 Pinch Hitters Doom the Blue Jays 

The Associated Press 

Orlando Miller hit a pinch- 
hit, two-run double in the 
eighth inning Sunday to lift the 
Detroit Tigers to a 4-2 victory 
over the Toronto Blue Jays. 

Robert Person (5-8), who 
took the loss, hit Damion Eas- 
ley to start the eighth, and Phil 
Nevin followed with a walk. 
Jody Reed, a pinch-hitter, ad- 
ded a sacrifice bunt to move 
both runners into scoring po- 
sition. Miller then lined the 
first pitch by Dan Plesac, who 
had come on in relief, to left 
field. Detroit added a run in 
the ninth on Bob Hamelin’s 

ii*y Cahri/Rralm 14th hOmCT. 

The Pirates’ Jason Kendall diving unsuccessfully for a foul ball against the Rockies. Justin Thompson f 1 1-8) al- 

Braves’ Wohlers Comes Up Big in 9th 

The Associated Press 

Mark Wohlers struck out Jim Eis- 
enreich and Devon White with runners 
on second and third to end the game as 
the. Atlanta Braves put a temporary halt 
to the Florida Marlins’ surge in the NL 
East, 4-3. 

The Marlins had won the opener of the 
four-game series in Atlanta, and the 
Braves" victory Saturday was only their 
third in 10 tries this season against Flor- 
ida. John Smoltz (1 1-9) gave up two runs 
and struck out nine in eight innings. He 
also laid down a run-scoring squeeze 
bunt that capped a three-run sixth as 
Atlanta overcame a 2-1 deficit. 

Javy Lopez, who had three hits, 
singled home the tying run against Rob 
Stanifer (1-1). Mark Lemke followed 
with an RBI single, and Smoltz bunted 
for a 4-2 lead. 

ttocUn 8, Pirate. 7 Lany Walker hit 
two home runs and then doubled in the 
ninth inning to set up Andres Galar- 
raga’s game- winning single as host Col- 
orado edged Pittsburgh. 

With one out in the nin t h , Quinton 
McCracken walked and Walker had a 
broken-bat double down the left field 
line, chasing Ricardo Rincon (4-6). Ga- 
. fan-aga greeted Rich Loiselle with a 

and an infield single to Chudrie Carr dial 
put die Astros ahead, 4-3. Derek Bell 
added an RBI single, and Bagwell hit his 
31st home ran. 

Rojas, who had just 13 saves in 19 
chances as the Cubs’ closer, was booed 
by the Shea Stadium crowd as be left rbe 
mound. Wendell pitched a scoreless sev- 
enth inning , helped by a sensational 

ML Roumpop 

double play turned by shortstop Rey 
Ordonez. Russ Springer (2-3) was the 

Expos 2 , dints i Pedro Martinez 
pitched a four-hitter for his major- 
league-leading 1 1 th complete game, and 
Jose Vidro won it with a pinch -hit infield 
single in the ninth as host Montreal 
defeated San Francisco. 

Martinez (14-5) allowed just one run 
in pitching his third consecutive com- 

plete game, lowering 
ERA to 1.72. He struck out eight and 
walked two in matching his career high 
for victories in a season, set in 1995. 

With the game at 1-1, Mark Grud- 
zielanek led off the Expos* ninth with a 
single off Roberto Hernandez (1-1). 
Grudzielanek stole second and went to 
third on Darrin Fletcher's groundouL 
After Doug Strange was walked inten- 
tionally, the Giants brought the infield 

Vidro, pinch-hitting for Martinez, hit 
a chopper to second baseman Jeff Kent, 
and Grudzielanek broke for home, slid- 
ing in head first just ahead of the tag. 

PtiiUfesa.canfinals 2 Ricky Bottalico 
and the Phillies benefited from an in- 
terference call in the ninth innin g to 
preserve their victory over host Sl 
L ouis. 

Gary Gaetti drew a leadoff walk from 
Bottalico in the ninth. Gaetti then ap- 
parently stole second, but the baiter, 
John Mabry, was called out by the plate 
umpire, Eric Gregg, for interfering with 
catcher Mike Lieberthal. Gaetti was sent 
back to first, and Bottalico got the last 

sharp single to right 

W alker went 3-for-5 with three RBIs 
and raised his majar-league-Ieading av- 
erage to 389. Mike Munoz (2-3) got the 

. totro* 8, Mata 3 Mel Rojas, acquired a 

day earlier to bolster the Mets’ weak 
bullpen, gave up five runs in the ninth 
inning — capped by Jeff Bagwell’s 
second homer — as visiting Houston 

The NL Central-leading Astros ended 
their longest losing streak of the season 
at five. 

Rojas (0-5), obtained with reliever 
Tint Wendell in a six-player deal that 
sent Lance Johnson to the Chicago Cubs, 
made his Mets debut in the eighth and 
mired all three batters. But in the ninth, 
he gave up a leadoff triple to Tim Bogar 

two outs for his 2 2d save. 

Bottalico struck out Marie McGwire 
with a runner at first to end the eighth. 
The Cardinals’ manager, Tony LaRussa, 
was ejected by Gregg for arguing the 
called third strike. 

The Phillies won for the ninth time in 
12 games. The Cardinals have lost eight 
of 1 1 and fallen 814 games behind Hous- 
ton in the NL GenffaJ. — • 

Tyler Green (3- 1 ), sidelined the entire 
1996 season because of a shoulder in- 
jury, won his third straight start. 

ftods 3 , Dodger* z Reggie Sanders hit 
a tie-breaking homer and Gabe White 
got his first major-league victoiy in two 
years as host Cincinnati beat Los 
Angeles. The Dodgers lost for only the 
fourth time in 14 games. 

Sanders’s .solo homer, his 14th. 
snapped a 2-2 tie in the sixth inning. It 
was the only extra-base hit off Ismael 
Valdes (3-10), who gave up seven hits 
and struck out seven in 716 innings. 

White, making his first appearance 
since the end of the 1995 season, held the 
Dodgers to a pair of runs on five hits in 
seven innings. He struck out five. 

Padras 7, Cub* 5 A pinch-hitter, Mark 
Sweeney, singled borne the go-ahead 
run in the seventh inning as visiting San 
Diego beat Chicago. 

Lance Johnson, traded to Chicago 
from the Mets on Friday, wait 2-for-5 in 
his debut for the Cubs. With the score 
tied at 5-5, Greg Vaughn led off the 
Padres’ seventh wife a single. Two outs 
later, Sweeney lined a single just out of 
fee reach of third baseman Kevin Orie. 

■ Gwynn Hospitalized 

Tony Gwynn, the seven-time batting 
champion who is hitting .383, had kid- 
ney stones removed Sunday, The As- 
sociated Press reported from Chicago. 

Gwynn, the San Diego Padres out- 
fielder, checked into Northwestern Me- 
morial Hospital on Saturday, missing that 
day's game against fee Chicago Cute and 
fee one on Sunday. He is expected to 
return to San Diego on Monday. 

Broncos Don’t Miss Elway in 23-13 Victory 

The Associated Press 

Six days after they lost John 
Sway to injury, the Denver 
Broncos sidelined Carolina’s 
Keny ColKns with a broken 
jaw in a 23-13 exhibition vic- 
tory. over the Panthers in 
Charlotte, North Carolina. 

The Broncos got a solid per- 

fonnance from their backup 
quarterback. Jeff Lewis, who 

completed S-of-18 for 90 
yards and a touchdown. 

4tars 21, SmImwIk 17 Al- 
though Jon Kirna, the 
Seahawks’ backup quarter- 
back, gave Seattle a late lead, 
Jeff Brohm, the 49ers’ 
second-string quarterback, 
gave San Francisco the last 

yards, including a 6-yard 
scoring pass to Jerry Rice. 

Chargw* 23, Colts 17 Stan 
Humphries threw an 80-yard 
touchdown pass to Tony Mar- 

tin and Gary Brown scored on 
a 62-yard run out of the shot- 
gun formation as San Diego 
beat visiting Indianapolis. 

Rodskms 18, Ofloc* 12 

" Brohm threw a 1 -yard 

! touchdown pass to Chadd 

' Fann wife 12:32 renaming, 

fee 49ers beat the 

^ Seahawks in an exhibition 

F §aa»e that marked the home 
wwt of the Niners’ new 
! < toach, Sieve Mariucci. 

' Steve Young played into 
™ second quarter, complet- 
“*8 7-of-!4 passes for 33 

V Vi? 

, y„ r 

.. "‘V 

11 liok uman y/Tbc 

James Thrash returned a 
third-quarter kickoff 96 yards 
for a touchdown for Wash- 
ington, which ruined Tennes- 
see’s first game in Nashville, 
its eventual home town. 

The Oilers attracted only a 
few more fans than they did 
for last week’s opener at 
Memphis — 24,722 com- 
pared wife 22,81 1. 

Saints 2*, CfaMa 7 DOUg 
Brien and John Becksvoort 
each kicked two field goals 
and second-string quarter- 
back Doug Nussmeier threw 
two touchdown passes as 
New Orleans beat Kansas 

Jaguars 38, Giants 16 Tak- 
■ ing over at quarterback for 
Jacksonville after Mark 
Brunei! was hurt, Rob John- 
son threw two long touch- 
down passes and set up a 
score wife another long toss 
as fee Jaguars beat the Giants 
at New York. 

r a le on s 17, Bucoanes** 12 

Atlanta stopped Tampa Bay 
eight times from the 1-yard 
ling, six of those in the final 
two minutes, as Dan Reeves 
won his home opener as fee 
Falcons' coach. 

lowed two runs on eight hits 
while striking out five and 
walking two — one intention- 
ally — in his third complete 
game of fee season. 

Rangers 7, Indians 6 War- 
ren New son hit two of 
Texas's five solo home runs 
and the Rangers beat host 

Rusty Greer. Juan Gonza- 
lez and Lee Stevens also hit 
solo shots for fee Rangers. 
Brian Giles and David Justice 
homered for Cleveland. Giles 
hit a two-run homer wife two 
outs in the ninth off John 
Wetteland. Omar Vizquel fol- 
lowed wife a double, but 
Wetteland struck out Manny 
Ramirez for his 25th save. 
Matt Whiteside (2-1) pitched 
two scoreless innings. 

In games played Saturday: 

Yankaes 4, Itofns 1 Brad 
Radke’s winning streak 
ended at 12 consecutive starts 
when Luis Sojo doubled 
home fee go-ahead run in the 
eighth inning , sending New 
York past Minnesota. 

Radke. one of only three 
pitchers since 1950 to win 12 
straight starts, had his streak 
snapped one victory short of 

matching Ellis Kinder’s 13- 
game run in 1949. 

Radke (16-6), whose win- 
ning streak was the longest in 
fee majors this season, also 
failed to break the Twins' re- 

AL Roundup 

cord for consecutive victories. 
He shares it wife Scon Er- 
ickson, who won 12 in 1991. 

Playing before a home 
crowd of~ 42,151, fee second- 
largest audience of fee season 
at fee Metrodome, Radke al- 
lowed two runs and six hits in 
eight innings, walking one 
and striking out seven. 

White Sox 5, Mariner* 2 
Ken Cloude, making his ma- 
jor-league debut, took a per- 
fect game into the sixth inning 
and held Chicago hitless untU 
the seventh before the White 
Sox rallied to beat the host 

Cloude (0-1 ) had never 
pitched above Double-A be- 
fore being called up from 
Memphis last Thursday to 
take fee No. 5 spot in fee 
Mariners’ rotation. The 22- 
year-old right-hander retired 
fee first 16 batters he faced 

How will Japan coml 
their star studded lii 

13 August, LIVE, 

Japan vs Brazil, Osaka 

Japan take on Brazfl who w9l 
have the world's most expensive 
striker Ronaldo leading the 

17 August, LIVE, British 
Grand Pits, Bon in gt o n 

Britain's Jamie Robinson win 
look to produce some winning 
form on home soil in the 
250cc series 

17 August, LIVE, PPG CART 
fendyear World Series 
Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin 

As we head towards the end ot 
the s eas on, the battle for fee 
Championship hots tip. 

13 - 17 August, LIVE, 
European Cha mp ions h ips, 

Sevfite plays host to this year's 
European Champtortshfos. 

before w alkin g Mario Valdez 
with one out in the sixth. His 
bid to become fee first pitcher 
in modem history to throw a 
no- hitter in his big league de- 
but ended when Dave Mar- 
tinez led off the seventh with 
a clean single to center. 

Ra n gers 4, Indians 3; Indi- 
ans 4, Rangers 2 David 
Justice hit two solo home 
runs, leading host Cleveland 
Over Texas for a split of their 
day-night doublebeader. 

Justice homered in the 
fourth for a 2-1 lead. He then 
led off fee seventh with his 
21st homer, giving Cleveland 
a 3-2 edge. Both shots came 
off Eric Moody (0-1). Jose 
Mesa earned bus first save 
since April 24. 

The Rangers won fee open- 
er behind fee pitching of 
Terry Clark, claimed last 
Tuesday on waivers from 

Tigncs 3, Bhw Jays 2 Detroit 
won its 54th game, surpassing 
last season's total, as Tony 
Clark had three hits in a victory 
over host Toronto. The Tigers 
improved to 54-60. They had 
the worst record in the majors 
last year at 53-109. 

Royals 9, Rad Sox 2 Dean 

Palmer's two-run single 
capped Kansas City's biggest 
inning of the season — an 
eight-run fourth — as the vis- 
iting Royals beat Boston. 

Athletics 3, Browers 2 

Ernie Young doubled in a 
pinch-runner, Tilson Brito, to 
break an eighth-inning dead- 
lock and lead host Oakland 
past Milwaukee. Oakland 
matched its season-high 
three-game winning streak 
and sent Milwaukee to its 
fourth straight loss. 

Angels 4, orides 3 Darin 
Erstad snapped an eighth-in- 
ning tie wife a two-out RBI 
single and Dave Hollins 
doubled in two more valuable 
insurance runs as Anaheim 
defeated visiting Baltimore. 
Chuck Finley won his ninth 
straight start for fee Angels. 

Orlando Palmeiro singled 
with one out in the eighth off 
Arthur Rhodes (7-3) and was 
forced on a grounder by Gary 
DiSarcina. who stole second 
to prompt an intentional walk 
to Tony Phillips before Er- 
stad *s base hit. Hollins fol- 
lowed with his two-run 
double to make it 4-1. 




' * 



SOCCER Manchester United Opens Season With a Victory p.l 6 MOTOR RACING ViUeneuve Grabs First Place on Final Lap p.l 7 




World Roundup 

Bucks for Maddux 

BASEBALL Greg Maddux. die 
Atlanta pitcher, became base- 
ball’s highest-paid player when be 
signed a guaranteed five-year con- 
tract extension with the Braves 
that will pay him $57.5 million, or 
$11 JS million a year. 

“They made me a nice deal,” 
Maddux said Sunday. “I'd be a 
fool not to take it.” (AP) 

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Ian Healey, who made 63 for 
Australia, hitting out Sunday. 

Australia Keeps Ashes 

cricket Australia demolished 
England on Sunday to win the fifth 
test by 264 runs and take an un- 
beatable 3-1 lead in the six-match 
series. The victory, in Nottingham, 
meant Australia keeps the Ashes, 
which it has held since 1989. 

England needed to score 451 or 
to bat for a day and a half to draw. 
Instead it was all oat for 186 in die 
penultimate over of the day. Gra- 
ham Thoipe, not out on 82, was 
England’s top scorer. Earlier, Eng- 
land's bowlers also performed 
badly as Australia reached 336. 

• Sachin Tendulkar made 117 

not out Sunday as India reached 
226 for four wickets in reply to Sri 
Lanka’s first innings of 332 on the 
second day of the second and final 
test in Colombo. (Reuters) 

New Zealand Wins 

overwhelmed South Africa 55-35 in 
a hard-fought test march in Auck- 
land on Saturday in the Tri-Nations 


New Zealand led 29-21 early in 
the second half when Andre Venter 
of South Africa was sent off for 
stamping on Sean Fitzpatrick's 

Davenport Beats Hingis 

tennis Martina Hingis lost for 
just die second time this year when 
she fell 6-2, 4-6, 6-4 to Lindsay 
Davenport in the semifinal of the 
Aetna Classic in Manhattan Beach, 
California, on Saturday. Davenport 
blew a 5-0 lead and two match 
points in the third set before re- 

“Everything hurts me right 
now,” Hingis said. “I think I’ll 
take a week off.” 

No. 2 seed Monica Seles routed 
Amy Frazier 6-0, 6-2 in the other 

• Fifth-seeded Thomas Muster of 

Austria upset No. 2 Michael Chang 
6-3, 4-6, 7-6 (7-2 J Saturday to move 
into the finals of the ATT Cham- 
pionship in Mason, Ohio. In the 
other semifinal, Pete Sampras beat 
14tb -seeded Albert Costa of Spain 
6-3, 6-4. (AP) 

Bubka Earns Place 
In Athens Pantheon 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune • 

ATHENS — Apparently Sergei Bub- 
ka had not beard chat these were the 
transitional World Championships. 
With a pole vault of 6.01 meters, he 
claimed his sixth- consecutive gold 
medal, one from every world cham- 
pionship yet held. It is one of the most 
staggering achievements in the history 
of track and field. 

Bubka is 33, but if he wore his medals 
all at once he would walk with the 
posture of a much older man. 

None of the other winners of the 
initial 1983 World Championships have 
been able to keep up with Bubka. In- 
deed, the reign bf many relatively el- 

Worid Amines 

derly champions came to an end as 
surely as these championships ended 
Sunday night with the largest scattering 
of medals ever. 

Altogether, 200 countries were 
entered and a record 41 of them won 
medals. Russia won one gold medal. 
Half as many as were won by Bubka’s 
breakaway Ukraine. Morocco con- 
firmed its place as an African power 
with four medals overall, half or them 
gold. In all. 25 countries won gold 
medals, but neither Britain nor Jamaica 
were among them. 

Die United States finished as the 
leader with seven gold medals and 18 
overall. Yet the U.S. team also needed to 
win the final event of the 10-day meet, 
the men’s 1600-meter relay, to avoid 
what would have been the worst show- • 
mg in a major championship by an 
American team since the modem 
Olympics began in 1896. Twenty-year- 
old Tyree Washington, running in place 
of the injured Michael Johnson and 
Butch Reynolds, held off Mark 
Richardson of Britain to anchor a U.S. 
victory in 2 minutes 56.47 seconds, 
thereby surpassing the comparative dis- 
appointments of the 1972 and 1976 U.S. 
Olympic track teams, which each man- 
aged six gold, eight silver and eight 
bronze medals. 

Bubka, after clearing vaults of 5.70 
and 5.91 meters, found himself up 
againsr Maksim Tarasov of Russia and 
Dean Starkey of the United States in 
what amounted to a Cold War reunion 
reminiscent of Bubka's earlier years. 

The Russian won the silver medal at 
5.96 meters, but he could not match 

At this stage, his gold medal assured, 
Bubka had the bar set at 6. 15 meters. It 
was held up there while the German 
anthem was played in honor of Lars 
Riedel, the 30-year-old discus cham- 
pion who is the next-closest thing to 
Bubka at these championships, having 
won bis fourth gold medal in a row with 
a throw of 68.54 meters. 

Then Bubka made a run at what 
would have been the 36th world record 
of his remarkable career. It would have 
been the only world record of these 
championships, which have been dis- 
appointing in that sense. It was a tease. 
He pulled up short and then, to put 

everything in perspective, sat on a bench 
for die photographers and held up six 
fingers beneath his grin. 

Spain was assured of its first gold 
medal as Abel Anton and Martin Fizran 
together Sunday morning within sight 
of the Panathinaikon stadium, where the 
first modem marathon had finished in 
the 1896 Olympics. They had begun in 
the ancient town of Marathon, just as the 

m490 B.C., wLen he raoto Athens with 
news of the Athenian victory over the 
Persian army. 

When Anton made his move in the 
final kilometer, Fiz could not keep up. 
Anton won in two hours, 13 minutes, 16 
seconds, five seconds ahead of his coun- 
tryman, who was treated for dehyd- 

The women 's marathon was won Sat- 
urday morning by Hire mi Suzuki of 
Japan in 2 hours, 29 minutes, 48 
seconds. In second place was Manuela 
Machado of Portugal, the defending 
champion who on June 20 had suffered 
a fractured sternum in an automobile 

After winning the gold and bronze 
medals in the 100 meters, the American 
men had been bragging in anticipation 
of recovering their 4x100 meters gold 
medal from the defending Olympic and 
world champions, the Canadians. They 
even predicted a world record. “Don’t 
be surprised if it happens tonight,” 
Drummond said, “and it's not even the 

There was no such surprise. As Brian 
Lewis was completing the opening leg 
of die semifinal, the 100-meters bronze 
medalist, Tim Montgomery, seemed to 
take off too early. They could not com- 
plete the exchange in time and Greene, 
waiting on the anchor, nevertouched the 

The U.S. men have now flubbed ex- 
changes in the first round of the 1988 
Olympics and the 1995 World Cham- 
pionships. At last year’s Olympics they 
were simply beaten by Bailey and the 
Canadians — the first time the Amer- 
icans had Failed to win the 400-meter 
Olympic men’s relay for reasons other 
than their own disqualification. 

In their absence, the anchoring Bailey 
turned a close final into a clear-cut vic- 
tory for the Canadians, whose time of 
37.86 seconds was the fastest of the 
championships. . . 

Germany won the women’s 1600- 
meter relay on a terrific final leg by Grit 
Breuer, the former East German who 
was suspended in 1992 for three years 
after testing positive for banned sub- 
stances along with Katrin Krabbe. 
Down the stretch, she broke inside of 
Jearl Miles-Clark of the runner-up U.S. 
team, and Sandie Richards of third- 
place Jamaica. 

In the men's 5,000 meters, Daniel 
Komen of Kenya made things easy for 
himself when he broke free with one- 
third to go, winning his first, long-an- 
ticipated major championship with a 
time of 13 minutes 7.38 seconds. 

“I have based my running on the pace 
and past feats of the great Kip Keino and 
Moses Kiptanui,” said the 21-year-old 

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Sergei Bubka clearing the bar on his way to his 6th world championship. 

GAMES: Stockholm Bomb Felt in Athens 

Eik FeferhcTgMgewt Fnms-PiBMC 

Donovan Bailey of Canada, left, taking the baton from Bruny Surin at 
the beginning of the last leg of the sprint relay Sunday. Canada won. 

Continued from Page 1 

The incidents have become a radical 
symbol of the anti-Olympic feelings of 
some Swedes at a time when their gov- 
ernment is overhauling the social wel- 
fare state. 

The most violent attack came Thurs- 
day night when the Stockholm bomb 
planter, having apparently hopped an 
unguarded fence, destroyed the press 
box of the 1912 Olympic Stadium. 

The Stockholm police said the bomb- 
ing was considered “an isolated in- 
cident” with “no signs indicating” it 
was an attempt to sabotage Stockholm's 
bid to be the sponsor of the Olympics. 

Mr. Nebioio responded by expressing 
his “sympathy” to Stockholm. The 
Swedes said it was a veiled attempt to 
exploit their predicament. 

“Sympathy’s all right," said Olof 
Stenhammar, head of the Stockholm 
bidding committee. “But if sympathy 
links these acts to the bid then we don't 
want sympathy, just to try to connect it 
to the bid." 

Mr. Stenhammar would have been 
better to condemn Mr. Nebioio more 

His criticism forced Dr. Arne Ljun- 
gqvist, an IOC voter from Sweden and 
chairman of the IAAF medical and dop- 
ing commissions, to express support for 
Mr. Nebioio. 

“I know Nebioio and he is genuinely 
upset, no question about it, upset that a 
sports arena of that stature has been 
attacked.” Mr. Ljungqvist said. “1 
think it’s highly appropriate for him to 
make a statement on this matter.” 

It was pointed out, however, that only 
one rival bidder had expressed sym- 
pathy to Stockholm for the earlier ar- 
sons. Thai was Rome, whose bid Mr. 
Nebioio is supporting. 

The Swedes expressed hope that the 
attacks will become a rallying cry for 
their bid, saying that IOC members had 
told Stockholm not to give in to the 

“Many Swedes are mad about this,” 
said Mr. Stenhammar, who claimed that 
more than 70 percent of Swedes now 
support the Stockholm candidacy. 

“This is going too far. Die 1912 sta- 
dium is a special historic site for 
Sweden and the people will not tolerate 
such an attack.” 

Athens's response to the Stockholm 
bombing was, disappointingly, to close 
its own ancient Olympic Stadium for the 
conclusion of the women’s marathon 
Saturday morning. Only journalists and 
IAAF officials were allowed inside. 

’’Mayor Dimitris Avramopoulos 
closed the stadium to the public because 
of the bomb at the Olympic Stadium in 
Stockholm." said a spokesman of the 
IAAF. ' ‘ When we got here this morning 
we could nor get in and when we asked 
we were told of the mayor’s ' de- 

It seemed to be an exaggerated re- 
action. one that served to draw attention 
to Stockholm’s vulnerability — unless, 
of course, the mayor had information 
suggesting that the bombers would 
strike in Athens next The local or- 
ganizers issued a contradictory state- 
ment claiming that the decision to close 
the stadium “was not related ro any 
concerns about security.” No further 
explanation was given. 

Before the latest attack in Stockholm, 
the main evenf of the World Cham- 
pionships had been a bickering match 
berween Mr. Nebioio and the local or- 

Last week Mr. Nebioio was quick to 
criticize Athens for producing small 
crowds. The Athenians responded by 
accusing Mr. Nebioio of trying to sab- 
otage Athens's bid to win the 2004 

By midweek, the Athens Olympic 
Stadium was almost foil and Mr. Ne- 
bioio responded at a press luncheon 
Sunday by referring to these Sixth 
World Championships as “the best- 
ever organized.” 

Indeed, the Greek organizers outdid 
themselves in terms of security and at- 
tention to detail. 

When asked whether the credir 
should go to himself or to the Greeks, 
however, Mr. Nebioio said that the suc- 
cess had resulted from a “common 
work" — but he pointedly did not men- 
tion the name of Athens. 

Loses Silver 
As Result of 
Drug Test 


ATHENS — The Russian who won 
the silver medal in the 10-kilometer walk. 
Olympiads Ivanova, became the second 
athlete to be stripped of a world cham- 

pionship medal tor using drugs. She 
races a two-year ban from the sport 
Team sources said Sunday that Ivan- 
ova, who finished second in the race 
Thursday, had tested positive for ster- 
oids along with her compatriot, Lyubov 
Tsyoma. Ivanova. 27. also will lose her 

Tsyoma. Ivanova, 27, also will lose her 
$30,000 prize. Under IAAF rules, both 
athletes will be banned for two years, 
the minimum penalty for a serious dop- 
ing offense. 

Ivanova was the second medalist to 
test positive after the world shotput 
champion, Alexander Bagach of 
Ukraine. Bagach was stripped of his gold 
medal after testing positive for the stim- 
ulant ephedrme, but he escaped with a 
public warning because tbe drag is not 
regarded as being as serious as steroids. 

Olga Kardopoltseva of Belarus, who 
finished third, was awarded the silver 
medal in the 10-kilometer walk. Her 
compatriot Valentina Tsybulskaya re- 
ceived the bronze. 

At 34, Cuban 
Is Still Fastest 
In 800 Meters 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

ATHENS — With her last steps. Ana 
Fidelia Quirot extended her career as so 
many of her peers have been unable to 
do at these World Championships. At 
34, she left Maria Miitola of Mozam- 
bique behind to defend her 800-meters 
title in 1 minute, 57.14 seconds. 

“i was thinking all night about the 
race and couldn’t sleep.” Quirot said 
after her victory Saturday. Her ambition 
as well as her unstinting allegiance to 
Fidel Castro, for whom she was named, 
and “who I love like a father’’ — these 
were her only touches of innocence. She 
seemed to be running through a forest 
but she could not escape tbe dimpling 

C ies of sunlight, the scars where the 
es licked four years ago in the 
bouse fire that killed her an bom baby. 

As Quirot threw celebratory punches 
at the air Saturday night, she becaras^the 
ultimate example of that which does not 
kill you. She completed her victory lap 
barefoot and walking almost abnor- 
mally, so massive were her thighs. « 
“I think an athlete has to know when m) 
to retire, but I won’t stop anytime ; 
soon,” she said. “I don’t like to be 
second, so I will continue as long as I 
can win the big races.” 

On the other side of the Olympic Sta- 
dium the rivalry between Jackie Joyner- 
Kersee, 35, and the 32-year-old Goman 
Heike Drechsler was ending quietly. 
Drecbsler landed fourth in the Tong jump 
with a finishing effort of 6.89 meters, a 
centimeter ahead of Joyner-Kersee in 
fifth place. The American will retire after 
the Goodwill Games next year. 

The long-jump victory of Liudmila 
Galkina, at 7.05 meters, produced, 
amazingly, the first gold medal for Rus- 
sia of the championships. Niki Xanthou 
became the leading Greek performer of 
the long week with a fourth-round jump jp 
of 6.94 meters for the silver medal. ” 
Marion Jones, the 21-year-old Amer- 
ican, became the first double medalist of 
the championships when she helped the 
United States win the 400-meter relay in 
41.47 seconds, just one- tenth of a 
second behind the 12-year-old world 
record of East Germany. But Jones's 
inexperience showed when she fouled 
her fust two attempts in the long jump 
before finishing 10th with 6.63 meters. 

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