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The World's Daily Ne wspapei 

3 -Way Talks 
Are Crucial 
As Arafat 
Seeks Cash 

By Douglas Jehl 

jjw York Times Sen-ice 

JERUSALEM — With the Pales- 
tinian Authority borrowing heavily 
from local banks to meet just part of 
its payroll, Israeli and Palestinian of- 
ficials alike said Sunday that a closed- 
door meeting, including the Tel Aviv 
station chief of the CIA, could serve 
as an important test of willingness to 
budge in what has become a dan- 
gerous stalemate. 

The three-way gathering of intel- 
ligence officials marked the panel’s 
first meeting since the Israelis and 
Palestinians agreed last week to share 
information to rebuild trust by in- 
jecting the United States as referee. 

The session was convened at a time 
of increasing American and interna- 
tional concern about the economic 
plight confronting the Palestinian Au- 
thority, which in the nearly three weeks 
since twin suicide bombers killed 
themselves and 14 others in a Jeru- 
salem market has been cut off by Israel 
from nearly $40 million in payments 
on which the Authority heavily relies. 

The Palestinian leader, Yasser Ara- 
fat, and his government have now 
managed to pay about 60 percent of 
the Authority’s 80,000 employees the 
salaries they were owed for July, 
American officials said Sunday. But 
Mr. Arafat has been able to do so only 

See ISRAEL, Page 9 



Paris, Monday, August 18, 1997 


Kenya Chief Blames 
Rampant Tribalism 
For Surge in Violence 


Prime Minister Netanyahu taking a swim in the Mediterranean while on vacation at the Israeli resort of Caesarea! 

Steadily , Hamas Fills a Social Ibid 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Servi ce 

GAZA CITY — Amid the dusty 
squalor of the most densely populated 
enclave on Earth, the Islamic resistance 
movement known as Hamas appears to 
be enjoying a new resurgence in public 

With nearly 50,000 Palestinian 
laborers from Gaza now barred from 
going to work in Israel, H amas dis- 
tributes food and small stipends to sus- 
tain their families. Idle youths are at- 

tracted in droves to Islamist seaside 
camps where they find recreation mixed 
with evangelism. Muslim clinics offer 
free medical care to the ill and infirm. 

While the Israeli government of 
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
and Yasser Arafat's Palestinian Au- 
thority wrestle over the fate of the 
peace process, widespread disillusion- 
ment with bod) parties among Gaza's 
one million inhabitants is creating a 
political and social vacuum that is rap- 
idly being filled by the Islamic fun- 
damentalist group. 

“We find that support for our move- 
ment is getting stronger every day,” 
said Abdel Aziz Rantissi, a top political 
leader in Hamas -who teaches at the 
Islamic University in Gaza. “I would 
guess that 50 percent of the people in 
the street are with us now, including 
many students, teachers, doctors and 
engineers. Even some of Arafat's 
people are defecting to us, and I expect 
more of them to join us in the future." 

Hamas's military wing, the Izzedin 

See HAMAS, Page 9 


MOMBASA, Kenya — President 
Daniel arap Moi implicated the political 
opposition Sunday in violence that has 
killed more than 30 people in the Mom- 
basa area, saying tribalism had become 
rampant and was being used by “lead- 
ers with selfish interests.” 

Arsonists razed about 100 roadside 
kiosks and dozeas of houses around 
Mombasa on Sunday after five Kenyans 
were killed and many hurt overnight by 
unidentified attackers, witnesses said. 
The government sent in the array to 
back the police and paramilitary units 
battling to end five days of violence in 
the area, having withdrawn the soldiers 
a day earlier. 

Mr. Moi, 73 and in power 19 years, 
said the opposition, battling him for 
constitutional reforms before elections 
due later this year, spent all their time 
talking without contributing to the de- 
velopment oT the people. 

But in Mombasa, an opposition mem- 
ber of Parliament, Rashid Mzee. told the 
BBC that he suspected Mr. Moi's ruling 
Kenya African National Union party 
was behind the chaos, as part of a move 
designed to forestall a campaign for 
reforms and delay the elections, 

Mr. Mzee said the police had arrested 
some opposition activists, Muslim lead- 
ers and human rights officials in Mom- 

Several thousand foreign tourists on 
the coast north and south of Mombasa 
were advised to stay inside their hotels, 
but no visitors had been caught up in the 
violence, officials said. 

Figures furnished by the police 
showed a total of 3 1 people had been 

killed in the fighting since it erupted last 
Wednesday night with an attack on a 
police station. 

The Coast Province police chief, 
Francis Gichuki, told reporters that 69 
people had been arrested and would 
appear in court Monday. Three stolen 
rifles and five pistols had been seized. 

‘ ‘We are treating this as thuggery and 
do not see a political motive,” Mr. 
Gichuki said. “The situation is fluid but 
it is under control. It took us by sur- 

The police chief said two local ad- 
ministrative police were missing, but 
gave no details. 

Local residents said those killed were 
mainly people who originally came 
from outside the coastal region. They 
pointed to leaflets written in Sw ahili and 
distributed around the region. “The 

See KENYA. Page 6 

Military Role 
Of the US. 

In Rwanda 
Was Extensive 

Plague of Teenage Suicides Jolts Dead-End South Boston 

By Sara Rimer 

— New York Times Service. 

■* BOSTON — Kevin C unningham , 
17. was buried last momfa, four days 
after he hanged himself from the porch 
"" of his family's house, leaving no note. 

He was the sixth young man from 
i fiercely proud, mostly white, mostly 
Irish South Boston to commit suicide 
since the end of December. 

His name was added to the roll call 
that echoes from the rows of tidy three- 
decker houses to the low-rise brick 
housing projects, from the saloons to the 
! street comers, where groups of sad teen- 

1 agers remember their lost friends: 
Duane Liotti, 21; Kevin Geaiy, 37; 
Jonathan Curtis, 16; Tommy Mullen, 
15, Tommy Deckert. 15. They all died 
the same way, by hanging. 

The priest at Sl Brigid’s parish, the 
Reverend John Culloty, was at a loss as 
£ he began the funeral Mass for Kevin 
* Cunningham. Kevin’s older brother, 
Christopher, is in jail, charged with rob- 
bing Father Culloty at gunpoint last year 
of the church bingo receipts. 

“There is something unreal, unnat- 

ural about all of this.” the priest told the 
mourners who filled the church. “We 
seek answers, we seek explanations, but 
there really aren’t any answers.” 

What is clear is that there is a con- 
tagion of despair among many of the 
young people of South Boston. It is not 
only the six suicides that have staggered 
the neighborhood. Since January, city 
officials say , about 70 teenagers — most 
of them male — have been hospitalized 
for attempts at, or thoughts of, suicide. 

The despair runs like an electric cur- 
rent through a community once cel- 
ebrated for its dynamic ability to over- 
come any obstacle. For well over a 
century, Southie, as it is called, was a 
place where Irish immigrants, and later 
Italians, Lithuanians and Albanians, 
too, could climb the ladder from poverty 
to middle-class success. 

Bordered on three sides by Boston 
Harbor, Southie was a self-contained 
world that could educate its children, 
instill in them spiritual faith and com- 
munity loyalty, and provide them with 
the certainty of decent jobs. 

Southie was especially proud of its 
men. They were known as priests and 

politicians, as policemen and firemen, 
as longshoremen, fishermen and factory 
workers. They were hockey stars and 
football players, and a few of them were 
organized crime leaders. 

Now. the priests of Roman Catholic 
Southie have said funeral Masses for six 
young men in seven months. 

For decades, the neighborhood fought 
to protect its children by raising bar- 
ricades against outsiders and change. 
When change arrived, in the form of 
court-ordered busing in the 1970s, 
Southie waged war against it, becoming a 
national symbol of Northern resistance to 
school desegregation, its motto of South- 
ie pride hardening into a battle cry. 

The threat was always viewed as 
coming from die outside: from Prot- 
estant Yankees, the federal courts, 
minorities and suburban liberals. Out- 
siders could even be blamed for a rel- 
atively recent plague of drug abuse and 
a string of fatal heroin overdoses that 
immediately preceded the suicides. 

“People could say, ‘Oh, it’s the drug 
dealers' fault, it’s outside, ‘ " said Kathy 

See SUICIDES, Page 6 

Wall Street Ponders Drop: Why Now? 

By Floyd Norris 

New yurt Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — The August swoon 
erf the stock market, which has sent die 
Dow Jones industrial average down 6.8 
■•t percent in just seven trading days, has 
W stunned Wall Street in large part because 
* there is no easy explanation for it. 

On Friday, the Dow dropped 3. 1 per- 
cent, or 247.37 points, to 7,694.66. It 
was the worst tumble in percentage 
terms since November 1991 and the 
biggest point loss for the Dow since the 
508-point drop on Oct. 19, 1987. 

“The selling has been relentless, 
against the backdrop of very good 
news,” said David Shulman, chief 
equity strategist at Salomon Brothers. 

The good news has included the best 

inflation news in years, along with re- 
ports of gains in productivity. It has also 
included a reduction in the capital gains 
tax that had long been sought by Wall 
Street _ „ 

Wall Street has not seen the Dow fall 
as much as 6.8 percent in seven trading 

» days since die spring of 1994. when 
rising interest rates were blamed as the 
' culprit. This time, interest rates have 
risen, tat not by huge margins. In Fact, 

Newsstand Wees ! 

-...10.00 FF Lebanon 

12.50 FF Morocco - I6JJ: 

-WOO CM Qatar 

...10.00 FF 

.1.100 CFA Senegal I.IOOC^ 

„2,800 Lire Spain ■***? 

.1.250 CFA Tunisia ra! 

..-1.250 JD l/AE. 10.00 Dh. 

,700 Eds U S. Mil. (Eur.).-Sl-2Q. 

long-term interest rates fell a bit last 
week, even as the Dow was having its 
worst week since 1990. 

It is possible that warnings about 
stock market valuation are finally hav- 
ing some effecL By many measures, 
stocks are the most expensive they have 
ever been, although many Wall Street 
analysts have defended such valuations 
as being justified by the strong economy 
and absence of inflation. 

It may also be that some investors 
recall that it was almost 10 yeais ago, in 
August 1987, that the market peaked, 
only to fall 36 percent over the next eight 

Will It or Won’t It? 

Germany’s central bank has 
played a canny game with the for- 
eign-exchange market. 

The Bundesbank will have two 
opportunities ihis week to carry 
through on its threat to lift interest 
rates to underpin the Deutsche 
mark but analysts say that a rate 
increase is unlikely. 

In the absence of Bundesbank 
action, the dollar is expected io 
catapult above 1 .90 DM. Pag® 1 1 • 

weeks, culminating in that year’s crash. 

What is clear is that investors are a bit 
less willing to send money to mutual 
funds. In the week ended last Wednes- 
day, some funds saw net withdrawals of 
money for the first time in months, 
according to AMG Data Services. 

That coincided with the enactment of 
the new tax law, and it is possible that 
some investors decided to take profits at 
a time when the capital gains tax rate on 
stocks owned for more than 18 months 
is down to 20 percent. There had been 
talk about such selling, but most ana- 
lysts had expected it to be minimal. 

The recent selling has been the most 
dramatic among some of the largest, 
best-known and heretofore most success- 
fid stocks, die types of blue-chip stocks 
that had risen as money poured into index 
funds that bought all the stocks in the 
Standard & Poor’s index of 500 stocks. 

Gillette Co., for example, fell more 
than 5 percent Friday after it warned that 
sales overseas were lower than expec- 
ted. Similarly, Coca-Cola Co. had led 
the market lower the previous Friday 
after it warned that profits would lag 
behind expectations. 

See MARKETS, Page 13 

Xtstb VfcjnVTCr Ne* Vi*t Tone. 

Makeshift crosses left by friends at the grave of Tommy Mullen, 15. 


New Glitch Delays a Rendezvous for Mir 

Russia's cavalcade of glitches in 
space resumed Sunday when mission 
control postponed docking the Mir 
space station with a cargo vessel be- 
cause of a computer miscue. 

A computer aboard the cargo craft 
rejected an order from Earth to fire 
rockets and approach Mir. A spokes- 
man for mission control said infor- 
mation provided by ground control- 
lers to Progress was flawed. 


Slam Dunking Academic Standards ? 


The Worm fTuh Methuselah’s Secret 


Malaysia Caught in Islamic Struggle 

EUROPE . Page 5. 

Turkey’s Leader Wins on School BiU 


For a Good Stolen Car. Try Albania 


Kohl tines Thai Euro WiU Be Stable 

The director of mission control. 
Vladimir Solovyov, looked irritated as 
he announced the delay. Such a mis- 
take might not normally attract atten- 
tion but it followed a parade of prob- 
lems with Mir starting in February. 

The spokesman for mission control 
said that the “operator error” would 
be “easily fixed” and predicted that 
the docking would take place ou 
Monday. Page 6. 

Hun Sen Teace’ Coup 

The Cambodian government under 
Prince Norodom Ranariddh and the 
remaining holdouts of the Khmer 
Rouge were a day away from an- 
nouncing the end of civil war when 
Hun Sen struck, deposing his co- 
prime minister. Page 4. 



Sports - 

Pages 16-18. 

Tits Intermarket 

Page 7. 

| The 1HT on-line | 

By Lynne Duke 

Washington Post Service 

JOHANNESBURG — U.S. involve- 
ment with Rwanda's military has been 
far more extensive than previously dis- 
closed, including psychological oper- 
ations and tactical Special Forces ex- 
ercises a few weeks before die start of 
last fall’s Rwanda-led insurgency in 
neighboring Congo, an internal Defense 
Department chronology shows. 

The training in Rwanda has occurred 
over the last three years and involved 
hundreds of Rwandan participants. 
Their training, most often by U.S. mil- 
itary personnel in battle dress, has in- 
cluded corabar, military management, 
disaster relief, soldier team develop- 
ment, land-mine removal, and military 
and civilian justice, according to the 
Defense Department chronology draft, 
which is being prepared, but has not yet 
been released, in response to congres- 
sional Questions about the U.S. militaiy 
role in Rwanda. 

U.S. officials have offered various 
descriptions of the nature of this train- 
ing, sometimes calling it classroom- 
style, and generally suggesting it is in- 
tended simply to professionalize the 
Rwandan military and inculcate it with 
respect for human rights. Bur the chro- 
nology indicates the training was ex- 
tensive and included combat training, 
and it shows a near-continuous presence 
of U.S. military personnel in Rwanda 
since early 1995. 

“The program has nor been as in- 
nocuous as it is being made out to be,’ ’ 
said a policy official familiar with the 
eight-page draft document, which was 
obtained by Die Washington Ptisr. 

The training came amid a more wide- 
spread U.S. effort to seek greater mil- 
itary involvement with a number of Af- 
rican nations. The regular U.S. presence 
in Rwanda and the training that was 
offered occurred as the poverty-stricken 
and war-tom Central African nation, 
with tacit U.S. support, was suddenly 
emerging as a regional power broker. 

The Rwandan military, dominated by 
members of the Tutsi ethnic minority, 
was mounting a campaign against 
armed, ethnic Hutu militia groups that 
were attacking Rwanda from refugee 
camps in neighboring Congo, then 
known as Zaire. That campaign evolved 
into a broader offensive that eventually 
toppled the Zairian dictator, Mobutu 
Sese Seko. 

While being trained by the United 
States, Rwanda's military was itself 
training Zairians to participate in the 
ultimately successful anti-Mobutu 
forces. A high-level Pentagon official 
this past wed: acknowledged the pos- 
sibility that, inadvertently, the United 
Stales may have trained some of the 
fighters who ousted Marshal Mobutu. 

The Pentagon official, who is famil- 
iar with the draft chronology, said the 
Special Forces training that Rwanda re- 
ceived in July and August of 19% was 
“of course” designed in part to help the 

See RWANDA, Page 6 

Scandal Throws South Korean Presidential Election Wide Open 


ivocy Coast. 

I Jordan 


By Kevin Sullivan 

if tiMntoa Pial Srnire 

SEOUL — When Lee Soo Yon re- 
ported for his compulsory military' ser- 
vice in I9S9, military autitonties ex- 
cused him because he was judged tobe 
severely underweight — J*«* 90 poun^ 
(40 kilograms), even though he stood 5 
tot 5 inches rail. Two years later, Mr- 
K'l brother. Lee Jung Yon, r*:etved a 

similar exemption -he was 5 feet 11 

inches and weighed 99 pounds. 

The exemption from military service 
for die two brothers from a well-to-do 
Seoul family raised few eyebrows at the 
time, even though each had dropped 
more than 20 pounds between their ini- 
tial military physicals and the dares they 
reported for duty. But now that their 
father, the former Supreme Court Justice 
Lee Hoi Chang, is running for president 
as tile governing party’s anointed suc- 
cessor to President Kim Young Sam, the 

two young men’s lack of military ser- 
vice has become a candidate’s night- 
mare, raising questions of special treat- 
ment for the well-connected elite. 

The scandal has turned the race for 
the Dec. 18 presidential election into 
South Korea’s mosr closely contested 
campaign in its modem history. 

For decades, the governing party's 
candidate was virtually guaranteed to. 
win. Now, with Mr. Kim's party buf- 
feted by scandals, including one that 

led to his son being tried for corruption, 
and with Mr. Lee’s squeaky-clean im- 
age tarnished, the presidential cam- 
paign has become a wide-open contest 
among at least four, and maybe five or 
more, serious candidates. And the gov- 
erning New Korea Party has found it- 
self in the unusual position of trying to 
boost a candidate running second in the 
polls. “Nothing illegal has been done, 
and nobody has tried to intentionally 
evade military service," Mr. Lee said 

in an interview Thursday. 

“I’m having a little bit of a hard time 
now. But once it has been made clear that 
nothing illegal was done. I don’t think 
rhis is an obstacle 1 cannot overcome.” 

Mr. Lee. 62. an intel lecmal and a long- 
time public servant who has built a repu- 
tation for integrity and strict enforce- 
ment of the law, had approval ratings as 
high as 40 percent when he was nom- 

See KOREA, Page 6 


PAGE mo 

Basketball at Georgetown / Athletes* 

Rate on the Decline 

When the Coach Disappoints the Dean 

By Bill Brubaker 

Washington Post Service 


For 25 years, Geor- 
getown University’s 
John Thompson has 
been known as a basketball coach 
who demanded academic results. 

“I don't want to coach another 
student-athlete who doesn’t 
graduate." Mr. Thompson said in 
1984, the year Georgetown won 
its only National Collegiate Ath- 
letic Association basketball title. 

“An education is what these kids 
are here for.” 

But Mr. Thompson has 
changed his philosophy in recent 
years. He no longer speaks of 
graduation as the only acceptable 
outcome for his recruits — a view 
that puts him at odds with the one 
held by Georgetown's dean of 

At the same time. Mr. 

Thompson has been recruiting 
athletes with standardized test 
scores substan dally below the av- 
erage for players at similar uni- 
versities. Many of his recruits 
have left his program or been 
asked ro leave. 

Over the last two seasons, Mr. 

Thompson’s leading scorers — 

Allen Iverson in 1996 and Victor 
Page in 1997 — have left Geor- 
getown as sophomores to enter 
the National Basketball Associ- 
ation draft. And among the 17 
athletes Mr. Thompson brought to the university as 
freshmen from 1992 through 1996. seven withdrew 
before reaching their senior years. That 59 percent 
retention rate compares with a rate of about 90 
percent for all freshmen who enter Georgetown. 

“That’s clearly disappointing to us.” said Geor- 
getown's longtime dean of undergraduate admis- 
sions, Charles Deacon 3d. He added that as a result 
of these early withdrawals. Georgetown would be- 
gin scrutinizing athlete applicants more carefully. 
“Whether John is or not — and I’m sure he is also 
— our admissions committee will be looking more 
than ever for a true commitment to getting a de- 
gree,” Mr. Deacon said. 

Mr. Thompson said he had no plans to scrutinize 
prospective recruits more carefully. He said that he 
specifically seeks athletes from low- income fam- 
ilies “to undo some of the wrongs that have been 
done” by society and that he feels this is a proper 
role for his university. “If the strong can’t help the 
weak, who can?" he said. 

“I don't look at a kid who’s poor, a kid who’s 
talented, and say that I’m not going to take that kid 
because he might leave in one year or two years.” 
Mr. Thompson said. “Because I feel that Geor- 

§ etown University has made a major contribution to 
te life of Allen Iverson and Victor Page. ” 

M r. Deacon *s and Mr. Thompson’s philo- 
sophies diverge amid a debate within 
major-college athletics. College pres- 
idents are seeking to increase gradu- 
ation rates among athletes, in part, by creating 
higher academic standards for incoming freshmen. 
Others, such as Mr. Thompson, say the NCAA’s 
standards prevent students with disadvantaged 
backgrounds, many of them black, from getting a 
chance to earn a degree at a major university. 

The presidents say the more stringent standards 
are necessary to improve the NCAA's academic 
integrity. Critics say the presidents are concerned 
more with public relations than with giving op- 
portunities to underprivileged athletes. 

“Universities are pul here to fit the needs of 
society,” Mr. Thompson said, “not to fulfill their 

Mr. Deacon said that Georgetown's five-person 

**i don't look at a kid who's poor, a kid who's talented, and say that 
I'm not going to take that kCd because he might leave in one year or 
two years*” says Thompson, at left during a Georgetown game. 

Committee on Admissions, on which he serves, had 
made “judgments that didn’t work out correctly” in 
admitting some men’s basketball players. 

The 12 Thompson recruits w’ho took the Schol- 
astic Assessment Test before entering Georgetown 
as freshmen from 1993 through 1996 had an av- 
erage score of 821. according to NCAA statistics 
made public this summer. SAT scores range from 
400 to 1.600. 

This compares with an average of 944 for men’s 
basketball players at all private NCAA institutions. 
And it compares with a mean score of about 1,275 
for all Georgetown students during those years, 
according to the university. 

Mr. Thompson noted that several of his recruits 
who took the English language test came from 
countries in which English was not the primary 
language — a possible reason, he said, for the 
iower-fean-average scores. 

Mr. Deacon estimated that 50 percent of Mr. 
Thompson's recruits over 25 years had entered 
Georgetown through a program for academically 
defrcieni. minority students. They were admitted 
through Georgetown’s Community Scholars Pro- 
gram ' ‘probably because our admissions committee 
could not rationalize, looking at credentials, that 
they could make it” without this support, Mr. 
Deacon said. During the last decade, about 90 
percent of Mr. , Thompson’s recruits have been 

The dean said that about 50 students are admitted 
each year through the program, which is overseen 
by Georgetown's Center for Minority Student Af- 
and includes a three-week summer writing- 

Thompson's graduation rate, use 
the following statistic: Over his 
25 years at the university, 75 of 
the 77 athletes who stayed in his 
program at least four years gradu- 

The NCAA uses a different 
measuring stick. It bases gradu- 
ation rates on the number of ath- 
letes who earned diplomas from 
the universities in which they en- 
rolled as freshmen. According to 
the NCAA’s most recent statist- 
ics, The graduation rate for the 
men’s basketball players who 
entered Georgetown as’ freshmen 
from 1987 through 1990 was 47 
percent (7 of 15). That compares 
with 91 percent for all freshmen 
entering Georgetown during 
those years, 88 percent for all 
Georgetown scholarship athletes 
and 59 percent for men’s bas- 
ketball players at all NCAA 
private institutions. 

At age 55, Mr. Thompson re- 
mains one of America's most suc- 
cessful, controversial, autocratic 
and, his supporters say, prin- 
cipled coaches. In one interview 
tins summer, he spoke of his de- 
termination to give socially dis- 
advantaged athletes — most of 
them black, as he is — an op- 
portunity to receive an elite edu- 

“In an airplane, what do they 
tell you? Tbey tell you that if the 
plane is going down, put the mask 
on your face first and then help 
the baby.” Mr. Thompson said. “This is the same 
thing: Georgetown has the mask on its face.” 

Since 1995, an athlete's eligibility to compete as 
a freshman ar a major NCAA school such as Geor- 
getown has been determined by a sliding scale. .An 
athlete is eligible, for example, with an 820 SAT and 
2.5 grade-point average in 13 core high school 
courses ora 1,010 SAT and 2.0 grade-point average. 
Mr. Thompson and many other college coaches and 
administrators have contended that standardized 
tests are culturally, economically and racially 
biased against minority students. 

“I think the SATs are very, very, very badly 
misused,” Mr. Thompson said 
The NCAA’s director of research, Ursula Walsh, 
said standardized tests “predict graduation rates. 
They're not great. They're as good as the high school 
grade-point average, and an unweighted average of 
the two is what’s being used to determine eligibility . 

. It’s the best method, mere is. But it's not perfect.” 

jobs M'.Dunn*lLTIw Ij.hmcino 



English course and tutorial assistance for a year. Mr. 
Deacon said that in addition to men’s basketball 
recruits, the program had brought “other athletes, 
nonathletes, even kids of the board of directors” to 

“When I got to Georgetown, all of the freshmen 
on the men's basketball team were in Community 
Scholars,” said Patrick Ewing, the New York 
Knicks” center and a 1985 Georgetown graduate. “I 
wasn’t a great student in high school. The program 
gave you a taste of whai the college work is going to 
be like.” 

Georgetown officials, when citing Mr. 

he NCAA's Walsh said the'graduation rare 
of black athletes entering major-college 
athletic programs as freshmen increased 
from 36 percent in 1985 to 46 percent in 
1990. However, during the same period, the per- 


declined from 27.5 percent to 24.9 percent — an 

centage of black athletes at major NCAA schools 
indication, say critics of the NCAA reforms, that the 

higher standards have kept many black athletes off 
college campuses. 

"The NCAA should be less concerned about its 
damn standards and more concerned about having 
an effect on what has happened to our youth in 
society today,” Mr. Thompson said. “Our young 
people are becoming disinterested or not motivated 
to do anything." 

He said he would take chances on athletes who. 
by Georgetown’s standards, have low academic 

f >rofiles — even if that means having to ask them to 
eave if they don’t succeed. 

“Hey, I don’t want Georgetown to be a place — 
ever — where everybody and anybody can walk in 
there and do nothing and come out with a degree.” 
he said. “Probably most of the men’s basketball 
players who left were asked to leave" by Mr. 

For Mountain Climbers, 
Alps Hold Deadly Lure 

Death Toll Near 60 on Mont Blane Range 



By Craig R. Whitney 

.Vfsf tort Times Service 

France — Joseph Purser, a 19-year-old 
Alpine hiker from Dublin, made it to the 
15,771 -foot summit of Mont Blanc. 

Mr. Purser was one of hundreds of 
people swarming over the mountain in 
briiiianr sunshine Friday morning. 
Many had paid no attention to warnings 
of the freezing clouds that swirled up 
out of nowhere and descended on the 
mountain later Friday afternoon. 

But he was prepared with warm 
clothing, shoe spikes, food and fuel, so 
Mr. Purser w as not one of the 60 people 
who, day after day. summer and winter, 
end up seeing Dr. Bernard Marsigny in 
the emergency room of Chamonix Hos- 
pital to be treated for broken limbs, 
twisted ankl es, or worse. 

Just since the beginning of July, and 
just on the French side of the Mont 
Blanc range, 25 people have been killed 
trying to make their way up the ver- 
tiginous granite pinnacles, over treach- 
erous glaciers with crevasses that can 
swallow up whole parties of mountain- 
eers without a trace. 

In the last 10 days alone, five people 
fell to their deaths in the Swiss Alps, and 
two climbers died in the I talian Alps on 
Sunday, following the death of another 
on Thursday. 

“It does make you think twice, but 
it’s a calculated risk,” said Mr. Purser, 
who expects to return safe and sound to 
his geographical surveying studies in 
Ireland "later this month. "The rock 
climbing here is fine, the granite is good 
and solid, but falling rocks, ice, or bad 
snow conditions can always get you." 

The thrill of danger is part of what lures 
so many people to Europe’s mightiest 
moun tains , which can still be lethal de- 
spite the popcorn machines and beer dis- 
pensers at 12,000 feet (3,658 meters 5. 

In all. close to 60 people have lost 
their lives in the Alps from France to 
Austria so far this season. 

And, according to Dr. Marsigny: "By 
the end of the year. I know we‘U have 
about 50 dead on the French pan of the 
Mont Blanc massif. I know that because 
we have 50 every year. For many of the 
people who come' Mont Blanc' is just 
Disneyland — they come to enjoy them- 
selves’ not to worry about the dangers." 

Modem civilization and dense pop- 
ulation have made the Alps for more 
accessible than the Himalayas, or even 
the Rockies or the .Andes, and that easy 
access puts a lot of people at high alti- 
rudes who are not equipped to deal with 
unplanned difficulties. Skiing in and 
around Mont Blanc adds to the pleasure 
and the hazards. 

But even Jong experience of the high 
mountains is no help sometimes. Regis 
Michoux. a veteran 42-year-old guide, 
was swept to his death in an avalanche 
of late-season snow on the last weekend 
of July while taking a group of rescuers 
he had been training down the 13.520- 
foot Aiguille Verte. or Green Pinnacle, 
on the north section of the massif. 

He was the S7th member of the Com- 
pany of Chamonix Guides, which cel- 
ebrated its 176th anniversary Friday, to 
have died with his pickax "en 
monragne." as the guides say. 

"A rock fall , ice . treacherous snow — 
there are some things that can happen to 
anyone,” said Xavier Chappaz. who led 
the guides in their blue blazers, pat- 

terned wool knee socks and breeches, 
and knotted rope shoulder decorations to 

the Chamonix cemetery Friday for a 
tribute to their fallen comrades. 

The natural laws the mountain obeys 
are absolutely unforgiving of careless- 
ness or a carefree moment like the one 
that took the lives of Clare Kempster, a 
31 -year-old mountaineer from Aus- 
tralia, and Mark Haseler, a 39-year-old 
climber from England, on July 22. 

With another British companion, 
Mike Wigney, 37, they had just reachecj-j. 
the 13 .291 -foot summit of the AiguiUef^ 
de Bionn assay, on the south side of the 
massif below the summit, and wanted a 
picture of the two of them together. 

Mr. Wigney detached himself from 
their safety rope, and just then Miss 
Kempster saw her rucksack start to go 
down the narrow, steep summit _ 

“I bent down to put the camera away 
and then all I saw was the rucksack 
fall,” Mr. Wigney told The Sunday 
Times of London later. “Clare went for 
the rucksack, head first down the slope, 
and Marie lunged after Clare. I saw them 
slip for two or three seconds, then they 

The pair slid down a nearly vertical 
snow slope and then fell 1-200 feet off 
the mountain, past other climbers who 

While the mountain 
range has killed about 25 
climbers this season, 
mountaineers reject calls 
for greater regulation. 

:V •* 




J Seen 

Worm " ; : ‘ 





heard no sound but the rope binding the 
two together swishing as it cut through 
the air. 

In the week that followed, eight other 
climbers perished, including twp 
French teen-agers who fell, a 30- year- 
old Chilean climber who died of ex- 
posure on the French side, and three 
Italians who fell 2.600 feet on the Italian 
side of the range. . 1 

Then, in the predawn darkness afJaly 
30, as a cold fog suddenly wrapped 
around the Bonatti Pillar, a precipitous 
outcropping of the north face of fee; !j. c t 
12 J 16-foot Aiguille des Drus, Alexei * 

Boldurev, a Russian climber, and his 
companion, Yelena Akulova, were 
caught by a rock fall. 

She was killed outright Mr. Boldurev 
spent the night and the next two days 
shivering in sub-freezing temperatures 
with her body, waiting for the rescuers, 
who eventually found a hole in the cloud 
for their helicopter and plucked him and 
his dead companion off fee pinnacle. 

“The only thing to do is to convince 
ail these athletic people feat they have to 
be better prepared," said Robin Joubeit, 
one of the rescuers. 

Dr. Marsigny moved here from Paris 
10 years ago because he, too, is a moun- 
tain climber. 

He said he disagreed with calls for 
safety regulations, tike requiring people 
to hire guides at S220 a day instead of 
tackling fee high mountain alone. 

* ‘Regu late that.” he said, gesturing to 
fee Bossons glacier, “and you kill fee 
tittle freedom people have' left in fee 
world. What we have to do is make 
people more responsible, encourage 
them to pack a parka and wear a safety 
helmet, but it isn ’ t easy. ” 





BA Slashes Trans-Atlantic Fares 

LONDON (Bloomberg) — British Airways said it was 
cutting prices by up to 44 percent this autumn on flights 
between the 21 U.S. cities it serves and such European 
destinations as London, Paris and Amsterdam. 

The ticket sale, which began Friday, will continue through 
Aug. 21 for departures from Nov. I through Dec. 8. 

All fee flights stop at BA's hub in London. Travel must 
include a Saturday night stay and must be completed by Dec. 

Convoy From Abroad Tours Iran 

TEHRAN (AP) — A group of French, Finnish and Brazili- 
an motorists is touring Iran in a 36-car convoy, the first such 
organized road tour since the 1979 Islamic revolution, an 
Iranian official said Sunday. They are to leave Tuesday after 
visiting Tabriz, Esfahan, Shiraz and Tehran. 

The 64 tourists, who drove to Iran from France, were invited 
by the Iran Touring and Automobile Club, according to fee 
club's director, Saeed Ohadi. 

Oil Slick Hits 3 Brazil Beaches 

RIO DE JANEIRO (AFP) — An oil slick from a ship 
belonging to fee Brazilian petroleum company Petrobras 


Appears t*vrry Mi unlay 

in Tbf Intermarket. 

To advortiM* cun tart Nina Nidi 

in our London office: 

Td.: + 44 1 71 4200325 

Fax: + 44 1 71 420 0338. 

or yuur nearest IHT office 

or rejnwenlatiw. 

reached three beaches in fee northern part of Rio, state 
environmental agency officials said over the weekend. 

Oil that seeped from fee Sao Miguel washed up Saturday on 
fee -Mangueira, Freguesia and Pitangueira beaches, a bio- 
logist. Alberto Andrade, said Petrobras technicians were 
working to contain the spill. 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 
this week because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Arpcnrina. Colombia. Hong Kong. Macau. Sn Lanka. 

TUESDAY: Afghanistan. 

WEDNESDAY: Hungary. Morocco. 

Sources: J.P. Morgan. Reuters, Bloomberg. 

U.S. Fixes Low- Altitude Alarms 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Errors have been found and corrected 
in two of the Federal Aviation Administration's 191 systems 
that warn airport controllers if a plane flies too low. the agency 
has reported. 

Die agency ordered resting and recertification of all the 
low-altitude "warning systems after the National Transpor- 
tation Safety’ Board found feat the one in Guam was in- 
correctly programmed and would not have warned air traffic 
controllers that a Korean flight was dangerously low as it 
approached fee airport. The plane crashed on a hillside, killing 
226 people, on Aug. 6. 

The repaired systems are in Fayetteville and Florence. 
North Carolina. The agency also noted that fee system at fee 
airport in Aspen/Pitkin, Colorado, was out of service because 
of false alarms in mountainous terrain. 
















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Forecast for T uesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWeather. Asia 


North America Europe 

Comlonatila across New Sunny ana comlcriafiy 
England ana most ol (he warm in Pans. Strasocurg 
Northeast Tuesday into and Berlin through Thurs- 
Thursday. but the South- day London win be pleas- 
east will remain steamy am with some sun and just 
with scattered thunder- rne chance of a shower. 
aiorm3. Some heavier Out Scotland and Ireland 
downpours are likely from will have showers Steadier 
Tennessee northward iruo ram will soak areas tram 
Michigan by Thursday northern Greece and the 
Sunny, hot and dry in the Balkans to northern Italy. 




Typhoon Winnie will mosi 
likely cross the China coast 
rot tar south of Shanghai 
early Tuesday with damag- 
ing wtnd. coastal Hooding 
and heavy ram. Peking and 
norineaeiem China will be 
hot with some sunshine, 
while Korea and Japan will 
be warm and humid with 
scattered showers. 




Cbttng ua 

Ho Chi Mtnn 
Hong hong 
K Lumen* 
h Kinabalu 
Man 3a 
Now Delhi 
Phnom Penh 








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To Isle Under Threat, Volcano Is Not the Only Villain 

By Larry Robter 

■^rii K vk Tima Scn itv 

iar has fled can be lured 

SALEM. Montserrat — Two 
years of volcanic eruptions and ihe 
resulting social upheaval on this 
Caribbean island, one of the last of 
Britain s colonial outposts, have left 
people here feeling marooned, neg- 
lected and at odds with London and 
their local government. 

{Citing an increased threat of a 
volcanic eruption, the authorities 
have expanded the off-limits zone 
on Montserrat. The Associated Press 
reported from Salem. Residents in 
the central towns of Salem, Flem- 
mings. Hope and Olveston were 
ordered ro evacuate to the safer north 
island by nightfall Saturday.] 

■ V Wl *h much of the southern half of 
me 39-square-mile (101 -square ki- 
lometer) island covered by ash and 
rock, including Plymouth, the former 
capital, officials here face a stark 
choice. They can either evacuate the 
colony altogether or they can pour 
millions of dollars into developing 
the northern end, hoping that the 
Soufriere Hills volcano will go back 
to sleep and that the two-thirds of the 

Either way. they are certain to be 
criticized by a population that feels 
whipsawed by nature and politics. 
Anger at the way the government 
was addressing the disaster led to 
replacement of the chief minister in 
a vote Iasi year, but his successor. 
Bertrand Gsbome. now faces sim- 
ilar complaints of indecision and 
Jack of leadership. 

“We don’t have a government 
here,” Margaret Ryan, 81, said as 
she sold vegetables on a street 
comer here in the makeshift pro- 
visional capital. "Britain is sending 
us help, but we are not getting ir 

because this government does not 

know what to do.” She said she was 
likely to join her granddaughters in 

England later this month. 

Many of the estimated 4,000 
people remaining on Montserrat 
have relatives in Britain who are urg- 
ing die dichards to join them. Rec- 
ognizing the gravity of the situation, 
the British government has tempor- 
arily lifted limitations on entry into 
Britain applied to holders of colonial 
passports and is offering financial 

support to those evacuated there. 

But the British authorities also 
insist that evacuees pay their own 
way to any destination, whether 
nearby Caribbean countries like An- 
tigua and Sc. Kitts, or London. And 
most people on Montserrat cannot 
afford the air fare. 

*T think ihey should be assisting 
us in getting off the island,” said 
James Meade. 33. a carpenter and 
painter who said an uncle in London 
nad raid him a job awaited him if he 
could make his way there. “But this 
is a colonial relationship with a 
missing link, and they don’t really 
want us over there.*’ ’ 

Richard Aspin, a spokesman for 
the Montserrat government, said that 
when George Foulkes. Britain’s ju- 
nior minister for international devel- 
opment. visits the island this month, 
he may bring news of changes in the 
policy on “assisted passage.” 

But “the trouble is that the politi- 
cians are between the devil and the 
deep blue sea.” he said. “If they ask 
people to go and say they are willing 
to pay passage, then you might lose 
more people than you want. In order 
for Britain to spend all this money 

here, there has to be a viable pop- 

[Those wanting to leave- Mont- 
serrat will be offered an unspecified 
amount of money and transportation 
to neighboring islands, including 
Antigua and Guadeloupe, the gov- 
ernment said over the weekend. The 
Associated Press reported. Details 
of the package will be released this 
week, Mr. Osborne said in a radio 
broadcast. Officials were working 
to determine “who goes first and 
when,” he said.] 

Over the last year, Britain, has 
provided more than $60 million in aid 
ro Montserrat for food, housing, road 
and pier construction and a hospital. 
Thar comes on top of large expendit- 
ures to rebuild Plymouth and other 
areas of the island after a 1989 hur- 
ricane destroyed many houses, stores 
and government buildings. 

But there have been complaints 
chat some of the money is being 

“The U.K. has spent millions of 
dollars on new four-wheel-drive 
Jeeps forBritish consultants ro drive 
around, bur when it comes to money 
for housing, not one red cent.’ ’ Dav- 

id Brandt, a lawyer and local leg- 
islator. said earlier this summer in an 
interview with Radio Montserrat. 

Britain's new Labor government, 
elected in May, has acknowledged 
problems in the way the crisis was 
being handled, implied that the Con- 
servative Party was responsible, and 
pledged to do’ better. 

Montserrat’s neighbors have 
made it clear that they do not want 
permanent responsibility for thou- 
sands of evacuees. There is wide- 
spread sympathy for the refugees, 
but with unemployment high and 
resources already strained on many 
islands, impatience with their pres- 
ence has begun io emerge. 

Meeting in Jamaica last month, 
leaders of the Caribbean Commu- 
nity, the 15-member regional group 
in which Montserrat is the only 
nonindependent member, promised 
to provide aid to their neighbor. But 
Prune Minister Lester Bird of An- 
tigua and Barbuda, which has been 
providing shelter for an estimated 
3.000 refugees, pointedly stated that 
aid must be furnished “primarily by 
the United Kingdom, whose respon- 
sibility Montserrat remains. * ' 

Discovery May Unlock 
# A Secret to Longevity 

Worm With Longer-Life Gene Offers Key 

By Nicholas Wade 

■Vf>i York Times Stn ic e 

NEW YORK — A barely visible 
worm that usually lives only two weeks 
may hold an important secret to longev- 
ity'. Biologists ar Massachusetts General 
Hospital have found that a gene that can 
make the worm live longer is closely 
related to a human gene involved in 
regulating energy metabolism. 

' The discovery links two previously 
unrelated areas of research, those on life 
span in worms and sugar regulation in 
humans, and may explain the well- 
known finding that rats and mice kept on 
near-starvation diets live a third longer 

I |iUiH»If«I*4t:i C K’ I ■> 

also help pinpoint the human genes that, 
in defective form, underlie a major form 
of diabetes. 

“I think it is a gorgeous piece of 
science.” said Caleb Finch, a leading 
longevity researcher at the University of 
Southern California. 

He said it pointed ro the existence of 
an ancient “Tool kit of life-histoiv reg- 
ulation,” laid down early in evolution 
before worms and humans developed on 
separate paths. “The bottom line is that 
(here may be fundamental mechanisms 
that prevail among all multicellular or- 
ganisms and that may be very inform- 
ative in managing human aging.” 

■ The worm in question is a standard 
laboratory organism whose genetic ap- 

E rus has repeatedly been shown to 
lessons for humans, despite the 
evolutionary’ distance between the two 

In nature, the worms — a species of 
round worm known as C. elegans and no 
relation to ihe earthworm - — feed on 
clumps of bacteria in the soil. 

Their major career decision, made in 
^ infancy, is whether to grow up fast and 
4 reproduce while bacterial snacks are soil 
■ plentiful, or to enter a kind of slow- 
morion hibernation state and wait until 
there are more bacteria or fewer worms 
around. They then resume the normal 
life cycle. . . 

The worm's choice between living in 
the fast or slow- lane is of considerable 
interest io researchers on aging. The 
slow-lane state enables worms to live up 
to eight times as long. Though many 
genes are involved in ma ki n g the switch, 
one in particular, called daf-2, has come 
into prominence because of the recent 
discovers- that worms with a defective 
form of daf-2 can live three times as long 
as normal without lapsing into the torpor 
of the slow-lane state. 

The findina. made by Gary Ruvkun 
4* and colleagues at Massachusetts Gen- 
* end Hospital and reported in Friday s 
issue of the journal Science, addresses 
the normal role of this powerful gene. 

Dr. Ruvkun ’s team worked out the 
sequence of chemical letters in the DNA 
of the worm's daf-2 gene, which enabled 

them to search DNA databanks for genes 
of similar sequence. They scored a hit on 
the human gene that makes the insulin 
receptor. The worm gene is 35 percent 
identical to its human counterpart. 

The insulin receptor is a protein em- 
bedded in the outer wall of human cells. 
When the receptor is hit by the hormone 
insulin, it signals the cell to take up 
glucose from the bloodstream. 

Glucose is the body’s major fuel, and 
insulin, which regulates the rate at which 
it is consumed, is a key component in 
controlling the body’s energy raetabol- 

Dr. Ruvkun's finding raises the plau- 
sible suggestion that when C. elegans 

fw 1T4.1T1 1 iTV.1 fiTva (.1 i’J fUjTTFWTl * 

down its insulin production and energy 

Dr. Ruvkun said the finding helped 
explain why mice and rats fed low- 
calorie dieis live much longer. 

With glucose metabolism down, and 
cells generating fewer of the metabolic 
by-products that damage tissues, the ro- 
dents live longer, just as the slow-lane 
worms do. 

Richard Weindruch, a longevity ex- 
pen at the University of Wisconsin 21 
Madison, called the worm finding “a 
very interesting report” that provides 
“an intriguing parallel to work that has 
been reported in rodents.” 

Mice on a restricted-calorie diet- 
defined as taking 40 percent fewer cal- 
ories than normal but with all essential 
nutrients, produce less insulin and meta- 
bolize less. 

Dr. Ruvkun said he believed thar his 
finding would also help speed the un- 
derstanding of noninsnlin-dependent 
diabetes, the major form of the disease. 
Patients produce insulin but their cells 
do not respond to it correctly, presum- 
ably because of defects in one or more of 
the genes w'hose products help translate 
the insulin message into action. 

Scientists are scanning human pop- 
ulations in search of diabetes-related 
genes, but genetic searches can be made 
farfaster in C. elegans. Not only does the 
worm possess many of the same basic 
genes as humans, but its entire DNA is 
dose to being fully sequenced 

“Using the worm we are going to be 
able to pull out these genes very 
quickly,” Dr. Ruvkun said. 

There is no evidence so far to suggest 
that humans can extend life span by 
imitating mice on a very low-calorie 
diet, according to Dr* Finch, the longev- 
ity expert. • 

But he said he was confident that 
human life span could be increased 
when the genes that affect it were betrer 

“As we learn more about the specific 
behavior of genes that predispose 10 
health problems, we will be able to 
modify many aspects of aging. Dr. 
Finch said 

Culi» VillalnvApemr Fiwt-Plpi« 

ANGRY HAITIANS — A group of Haitians heading for the 70th Precinct police 
station in Brooklyn to demonstrate against alleged police brutality. Abner Louima is 
recovering from serious injuries he says he suffered in a beating in the station house. 

4 71 /TTT'Tb Tr< A TVT • I understand. If you're not. it can't be ex- 

Short Takes 



Counting the Ways to Celebrate 
With Interactive Elvismazua 

How crazy is Elvismania. with the 20th an- 
niversary of the King's death just behind us and 
Elvis Week still under way? Well, if the 20- 
hour nonsiop televised tributes to Elvis Presley 
this weekend weren’t enough, faithful fans 
should not despair. 

They can dress up in Elvis shirts, scarves, 
watches, glasses and ties while playing the 
game of Elvisopoly (if you land on the pink 
Cadillac, it’s yours). Or buy Elvis Christmas 
tree ornaments, or the interactive CD -Rom tour 
of his home, Graceland, which allows you to 
’■play pool" on his table. Or join the hordes 
(30.000 this weekend) and tour Graceland it- 
self. Or go to the Western Steakhouse & 
Lounge in Memphis and sir in his booth while 
eating his favorite: a grilled peanut butter and 
banana sandwich. 

Some hard-boiled fans in Memphis this 
weekend — Presley died Aug. 16. 1977, of 
he an disease aggravated by prescription drug 
. abuse — were offended by others they thought 
had failed to show proper respect. “The media 
pick our all these idiots,” grumbled Pat Arm- 
strong, 54, pan of a group of 950 British fans 
visiting Memphis. “They pick them out be- 
cause they’ve got those stupid jumpsuits and 
ridiculous hairdos.” 

In his lifetime, Presley sold a half-billion 
records. Still, the whole Memphis show was 
beyond the ken of some onlookers. One fan had 
this comment: “If you are an Elvis fan. you 

Under banners declaring that “free sex is 
cheap sex,” 500 self-proclaimed virgins con- 
verged Friday in front of the White House to 
celebrate abstinence. Ii was the last stop in a 25- 
citv trip organized by the Pure Love Alliance, a 
group of male and female students and church 
groups promoting abstinence from sex before 
marriage and fidelity within marriage. The tour, 
which began June 30, attracted adults and ad- 
olescents from across the country’, as well as 
some from overseas. 

One can just imagine the letter to an ad- 
vice columnist: 

Dear Abby: I have an unusual problem. My 
7-fooc boa constrictor slithered out of the house 
not long ago. and headed for a neighbor's home 
here in Southern California, apparently drawn 
by the scent of a neighbor lady’s chihuahua, 
Babeae. And yes, my snake ate her dog. 

Babette’s owner, Flossie Torgerson, who is 
74, was pretty upset, as you can imagine, Abby. 
I called, and, though I didn’t have the heart to 
leave my name, told her how sorry I was. And I 
told her I wanted my baby back. 

Well, she went to pieces. As things stand, my 
baby is still ar the Animal Control Center. They 
say owning a boa without a permit is a mis- 
demeanor (possession of an unlicensed boa?). 
I’m applying for a permit. 

•But the real question is, how do I make it up 
to Mrs. Torgerson? 1 offered to buy her another 
dog. but that didn’t seem to do the trick. What, 
Abby, is the etiquette here? 

Signed, Red-Faced in West Hills. 

Brian Knowlton 

Trial Casts Shadow on Illinois Governor 


A Buddhist Campaign Donor 
Denies Trying to Buy Influence 

LOS ANGELES — The Buddhist leader who wel- 
comed Vice President A1 Gore to a controversial fund- 
raiser at his Southern California temple last year, and then 
authorized about $50,000 in apparently illegal reim- 
bursements of campaign donations to the Democratic 
Party, said he was not trying to influence U-S. policies 
with his generosity. 

“Everything I do is to serve religion. I do not serve 
politics.” Hsing Yun, venerable master, said in a written 
statement to Senate investigators. 

In the four-page statement, Mr. Yun took responsibility 
for the templets contributions to the Democratic National 
Committee, bur said he thoughr he was “doing something 
good, adding: “It never occurred to me that this would 
cause so much trouble.” He also said he was not clear 
about many details of the donation transactions. 

The 70-year-old monk and founder of Hsi Lai Temple 
in Hacienda Heights minimized the intent of the dona- 
tions as little more than charitable gifts to the American 
people. He called the political iunds one “small way” to 
express his “graiirude” 10 the United States for iis long 
support of Taiwan. (LATl 

$50 Billion Tobacco Credit: 

*An Orphan Nobody Claims' 

WASHINGTON — As Congress raced to pass a 
massive tax cut bill late Iasi month. Senator Trent Lott, 
Senate majority leader, and Newt Gingrich. House speak- 
er, insisted on a provision that would give tobacco 
companies a S50 billion credit against the sum they bad 
pledged to settle anti-tobacco litigation, according to 
congressional staffers and administration officials. 

The state attorneys general who negotiated the historic 
settlement with the tobacco industry have since warned 
the companies in a letter that the credit provision, which 
was passed without debate, without an identified sponsor 
and before many industry critics realized what was hap- 
pening. could cause them to scuttle the deal. 

“The tobacco industry would have us believe this 
credit language appeared like Our Lady of Lourdes, ' ’ said 
James Tierney, a former Maine attorney general and a 
consultant to the attorneys general. 

Mr. Lon and Mr. Gingrich do not acknowledge having 
sponsored the credit provision, which was attached to the 
tax cut bill approved on July 31. But both have said they 
supported the measure. 

Tobacco industry critics said the unusual handling of 
the credit provision demonstrates anew the tobacco firms’ 
clout on Capitol Hill. 

“This is a $50 billion orphan nobody claims,” said 
Senator Richard Durbin, Democrat from Illinois, an in- 
dustry critic. “But it’s there, and it illustrates how this 
industry operates in the shadows.” ( WP ) 

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In Malaysia, Pressure Builds Over Enforcement of Islamic Laws 

By Michael Richardson 

In’t nmiii'iiul Hi raid Tnhutu 

SHAH A LAM, Malaysia — When Noni Mo- 
hamad entered the Miss Malaysia Petite beauty 
contest, she did not expect to become the focus of 
a bitter struggle between moderate and con- 
servative Muslims in a country that suddenly 
seems to be veering away from religious tol- 
eration toward extremism. 

Like many other young Malaysians, Miss 
Noni, a 19-year old freelance model, says she 
was unaware of a law banning Muslim women 
from t akin g part in beauty pageants. 

The lavvwas enacted just over a year ago by 
the state of Selangor, an urban and industrial 
center adjacent to Kuala Lumpur. 

But the arrest of Miss Noni and two other Malay 
Muslim women at the end of the contest, followed 
by their conviction last month for indecent dress- 
ing, for taking pan in the pageant wearing leotard 
swimsuits, was the first time Selangor religious 
authorities bad enforced the law. 

The Sharia High Court in Shah Alam fined the 
three women 400 ringgit IS145) each and said 
they would be jailed for two months if they did 
not pay the fine. 

Under the law, they could have been fined 
1 ,000 ringgit or imprisoned for six months, or 
both, for the offense. 

Now. Malaysian religious, youth and wom- 
en’s groups and the media are embroiled in a 
public debate about the rights and wrongs of the 
affair — and the wider issue of how Muslims 
should be expected to behave in a multiethnic 
society that has large numbers of non-Muslims 
not subject to Islamic laws. The debate also 
reflects concern among moderate Muslims and 
non-Muslims alike at what they see as a trend 
toward compulsory Islamization in Malaysia. 

Almost- all Malays, who comprise about 55 
percent of the population of 20 million, are 
Muslims and subject to both Islamic and West- 
ern-style secular laws. The Islamic law deals 
with marriage, divorce and many aspects of 

Minority groups, chiefly non-Muslim Chinese 
and Indians, are subject only to the secular 

The trend appears to be supported by some 
influential figures in the federal government as 
well as some of the states, which have the power 
to legislate on religious matters under the coun- 
try's constitution. 

For example, a comminee chaired by the 
deputy prime minister. Anwar Ibrahim, recently 
decided that all higher education students of 
whatever ethnic or religious background will 
have to take a course in Islamic civilization. 

At about the same time as the Miss Malaysia 
Petite row erupted, the chief minister of Selangor 
state. Abu Hassan Omar, said that a new law 
would be implemented in 1 997 to force Muslims 
to pay their annual zakat. a religious tax, or face 
fines or jail for up to three years. 

Several other states have indicated that they 
may follow Selangor. Until now payment of 
zakar has been voluntary. It is supposed to rep- 
resent 2.5 percent of personal income from all 
sources, and be paid into a special fund for 
distribution to the needy. 

Some advocacy groups support the imposition 
of a conservative dress code for Muslim women, 
including a ban on their participation in beauty 
contests, on the grounds that “indecent" dress- 
ing exploits and demeans women. 

But where, critics ask. would that leave female 
athletes, swimmers and gymnasts training to 
compete in the 1998 Commonwealth Games in 

Feminists criticized some religious officials 

for applying different standards to men and 

Marina Mahathir, a newspaper columnist and 
daughter of Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mo- 
hamad, wrote that some officials were un- 
educated “charlatans’* who wanted women to 
be “at home having babies endlessly and 
covered head to toe." 

“Compared with incest, child abuse, wife- 
battering, drug abuse and corruption.” she said, 
* ‘whether you re dressed right or wrong according 
to someone's arbitrary values should rank pretty 
low in the scale of tire concerns of our times.*’ 

The federal government — concerned that the 
spread of Muslim extremism will deter invest- 
ment just when it is most needed to revive 
confidence in an economy hit by recent currency 
speculation — said this month that it had suc- 
cessfully persuaded the states temporarily to 
suspend the enforcement of religious rulings on 
the behavior of Muslims. 

Meantime, a committee under the prime min- 
ister's department will make recommendations to 
the Malay rulers, who have authority over re- 
ligious matters in their states, on a set of uniform 
Islamic Sharia laws for the whole country. 

Bui analvsts said that it was far from certain a 



uniform code would be accepted by thestttes; 
because some, including Kelaman m northeast- 
ern comer of the Malaysian Peninsula, are ranch 
stricter in implementing Muslim religious laws 

^ Dreprirne minister said that ihe arrest of the 
three women for taking pari in the beauty contest 
was extreme. In a recent interview with a teal 
newspaper, he said Islam was a tolerant re 
that should be practiced the same way by 

followers. _ , , 

“The Koran never said that Islam must be 
different in each state.” he said. “Butthere are 
people who want to show their power. This is the 

As a result of a resurgence of Islamic values in 
recent years in Malaysia, many Malay women, 
especially those working in government offices, 
wear full-length dresses and head scarves. 

But if Selangor’s law on Islamic dress were to # 
be generally adopted, action could be taken » ■ 
against Muslim women who wore body-hugging 
dresses, bikinis, leotards, low-cut blouses or 
skirts that exposed the leg. 

Muslim men also could be prosecuted if they 
appeared in public showing the area of the body 
between the knees and the navel. 



Cambodian Coup Upset 
Ending of the Civil War 

Peace Whs at Hand When Hun Sen Struck 

By Naie Thayer 

IVoihi union P“!,r Sen it e 

ANLONG VENG, Cambodia — 
After six weeks of secret meetings and a 
violent power struggle here ’in the 
jungles of northern Cambodia, a wa- 
tershed moment in this country’s tor- 
tured history was at hand. 

The last holdouts of the Khmer Rouge, 
the radical Communist guerrillas who 
had ruled Cambodia in the late 1970s, 
were giving up. They had' deposed their 
notorious leader. Pol Pot, effectively- 
abandoned their war against Cambodia's 
government and agreed to a formal "sur- 
render” ceremony in which their forces 
would join the Cambodian Army. 

As a result of negotiations, which Mr. 
Pol Pot violently opposed but ultimately 
failed to prevent, it seemed that the end 
of the 3 5 -year-old guerrilla movement 
was near, and with it the civil war that 
had gripped the country for most of that 
time. Plans were made to announce the 
deal in a ceremony on July 6. 

The ceremony never took place. 

On that day. Second Prime Minister 
Hun Sen declared himself in full control 
of the government and announced the 
overthrow of his rival. Prince Norodom 
Ranariddh, the first prime minister. Ap- 
parently fearing that the peace agree- 
ment was a ploy to weaken him po- 
litically and militarily. Mr. Hun Sen 
launched a coup July 5 to scuttle it 

Now. Mr. Hun Sen's political op- 
ponents are waging armed resistance to 
his authoritarian rule, and there are signs 
that the Khmer Rouge remnants — 
minus Mr. Pol Pot — are reuniting rr» 
help them. In the tragic logic of Cam- 
bodian politics, an initiative that seemed 
only a day from bringing long-awaited 
peace has" instead brought more war. 

The story of the ill-fated peace ini- 
tiative, played out in this Khmer Rouge 
jungle stronghold, emerged from doc- 
uments and interviews with the gov- 
ernment and Khmer Rouge negotiators 
in the talks. The Khmer Rouge officials 
were interviewed at the lime of an ex- 
traordinary July 25 show trial in which 

an ailing Mr. Pol Pot was sentenced to 
“life imprisonment” by a tribunal made 
up of younger guerrilla leaders. 

Government documents obtained by 
The Washington Post, signed by both 
the government and Khmer Rouge ne- 
gotiators. show that on July 4 the guer- 
rillas finally had agreed to integrate 
their troops into die army and recognize 
the government. 

The agreement principally between 
Prince Ranariddh and the Khmer 
Rouge's nominal leader, Khieu 
Samphan. was the culmination of a 
score of secret meetings. 

The talks proceeded against a back- 
drop of bitter divisions within both the 
government and the Khmer Rouge. 
Prince Ranariddh and Mr. Hun Sen. 
steadfast opponents, coexisted uneasily 
as co-prime ministers. The Khmer 
Rouge, meanwhile, had split a year ago 
when about half its fighters, followers of 
former foreign minister. leng Sary, in 
the western gem-mining center of Pail- 
in. agreed to join the government army 
in a deal brokered by Mr. Hun Sen. 

Mr. Pol Pot. in firm control of the rest 
of the organization in this northern re- 
doubt. bitterly opposed peace negoti- 
ations. But many of his top command- 
ers. seeing continued warfare as futile, 
wanted to strike a deal like the one 
agreed to jo PaiJin. 

Mr. Pol Pot s notoriety made him a 
major obstacle lo such an accord. Be- 
tween April 1975 and January' 1979. 
when he ruled as head of a Khmer 
Rouge government, he orchestrated a 
campaign of terror and mass murder that 
left more than 1 million Cambodians 
dead and the country in ruins. 

Formal negotiations with the Khmer 
Rouge were attempted last February, 
but Pol Pot loyalists ambushed a gov- 
ernment team of 15 emissaries when its 
helicopter landed in Khmer Rouge ter- 
ritory. Ten of the government officials 
were executed and the rest were taken 
prisoner. . 

Negotiations resumed on May 16. 
when a government military delegation 
met with Khmer Rouge officials led by 

Cambodian soldiers loyal to the ousted first prime minister. Prince Ranariddh, moving through border country 
as they continue to oppose forces of the government now controlled by Hun Sen, second prime minister. 

Tep Kunnal. a senior political figure. A 
government negotiator at the meeting 
quoted Mr. Tep Kunnal as saying “he 
was in favor of national reconciliation 
and warned a permanent cease-fire" in 
order “to study whether we could work 
together to allow their territory and 
army to join the government.” 

Mr. Tep Kunnal, a French-educated 
engineer and longtime Khmer Rouge 
diplomat and political strategist, has 
emerged as a top new leader. He served 
more than a decade in New York in the 
UN mission of the farmer Khmer Rouge 

A series of talks continued through 
the end of May and into early June, with 
government negotiators repeatedly fly- 
ing to Anlong Veng. 

“At first.” a government negotiator 
said, “Pol Pot said he was in favor of 
negotiations. But our side insisted 
strongly that Pol Pot must be completely 
out. So we discussed secretly with the 
new Khmer Rouge military leaders. So 
that was why Pol Pot was getting mad. 
We asked to exclude him. " 

The guerrillas agreed in principle to 
integrate rheirarmy into the government 
armed forces, recognize the Cambodian 
Constitution and formally disband their 

“provisional government.” Khmer 
Rouge and government sources said. 

On June. I, Prince Ranariddh met Mr, 
Khieu Samphan, the nominal leader, 
secretly near the Thai border, according 
to Prince Ranariddh. On June 5. the two 
sides met at the historic temples at Preah 
Vihear. where the guerrillas were pre- 
paring a site to announce the agreement. 

The next meeting was scheduled on 
June 10, “butthere was a big problem.*’ 
a government negotiator said. The 
Khmer Rouge defense minister. Son 
Sen. and L2 members of his family and 
inner circle had been found murdered. 

It was the beginning of Mr. Pol Pot's 
artempr to scuttle the political nego- 
tiations through a violent purge. 

On June 12. the top government mil- 
itary commander. General Nhek Bun 
Chhay. and one other government col- 
onel arrived by helicopter in Anlong 
Veng to find a Khmer Rouge at war with 
itself. Most of the Khmer Rouge ne- 
gotiating team had been taken hostage 
by Mr. Pol Pot and his loyalists. Heavy 
fighting, involving mortars, artillery 
and small arms, could be heard just a 
couple of miles away, as the Khmer 
Rouge factions battled for control. 

“.After that we immediately took the 

helicopter to the nearby government 
military base at Samrong to bring am- 
munition — mainly AK-47 ammunition 
but also heavier ammunition,” includ- 
ing helicopters - loaded with mortars, 
rocket-propelled grenades and other 
heavy munitions, the government ne- 
gotiator said. 

When they rerumed five days Iarer, 
they were told that “the situation had 
calmed down" and thar some of the 
hostages had been rescued. 

As the days went on. Mr. Pol Pot’s 
remaining loyalists, who had numbered 
only about 300. began to abandon him 
one by one. He had fled northeast to- 
ward the Thai border, and by June 19 
w as surrounded. 

From that point, the peace negoti- 
ations moved more quickly. By July 3 
both sides had hammered out all details 
of the agreements, "and we flew back to 
Phnom Penh to report to the prime min- 
ister that everything was finished.” one 
of the government negotiators said. 

A statement that was to be announced 
on the radio and read by Mr. Khieu 
Samphan at 3 press conference on July 6 
was signed by both sides, including 
Prince Ranariddh on behalf of the gov- 
ernment. But it never happened. 

China’s One- Child Policy Is Fading 

Economic Growth Lets Townspeople Pay Fine and Add to Family 

By Seth Faison 

AVii York Tunes Service 

DAZU, China — At the end of a 
summer's day, as a dusky light tinged 
the old wooden stools scattered around 
his open doorway, Li Feng gazed af- 
fectionately at his young daughter and 
son playing outside. 

”1 wanted at least two children." said 
Mr. Li, a soft-faced man whose work at 
a thriving cement- maker down the road 
now fills his day and his pocket. "For 
eight years, we only had one. Now. if 
you can afford the fine, you can have an 
extra child.” 

Like untold millions of other parents, 
Mr. Li and his wife, Chu Lanping. are 
bending the rules of population control 
in China by having a second child. As 
townspeople, they were supposed to be 
content with one. but a little determi- 
nation and a little cash now win per- 
mission from officials for one more. 

In many pans of China, the one-child 
policy is melting away. The country's 
strict population control program, be- 
gun in the late 1970s and by no means 
gone, is becoming significantly looser 
in many places because — as ‘with so 
much in China today — relentless eco- 
nomic growth is eroding the old system 
of control over ordinary people's lives, 
creating loopholes large and small. 

Rather than spurring an explosive in- 
crease in the country's overall popu- 
lation, however, economic growth seems 
also to be reducing the number of chil- 
dren bom to millions of other families as 
they break out of the poverty thar has 
traditionally encouraged childbearing. 

For every family like the Lis that has 
two children instead of one. there are 
other families in the countryside choos- 
ing to have two children instead of. say. 
five, and urban couples who are having 
none at all. 

China's total population of 1.22 bil- 
lion, the largest in the world, appears to 

be growing steadily each year at just 
over 1 percent, or about 13 million, and 
officials express confidence that they 
will stay well within their target of 1.3 
billion by 2000. At the same time, 
demographers say that an unknown 
number of births go uncounted, leaving 
official statistics slightly unreliable. 

In the past, local family-planning 
goals were sometimes enforced bni- 
tally. Forced abortions and steriliza- 
tions. while not the norm, were fre- 
quently reported in the early 1980s. 
especially in small villages where a lo- 
cal official wanted to show who was in 

It is that image of China that has 
provoked strong objection from reli- 
gious and political groups in the United 
States, where thousands of Chinese ap- 
ply for political asylum each year by 
asserting that being limited to one child 
is a form of political persecution. 

Yet the worst excesses of local of- 
ficials seem to have diminished in re- 
cem years, and millions of Chinese who 
want multiple children are now having 

In a country where baby girls have 
traditionally been neglected or aban- 
doned in favor of boys, reports that the 
one-child policy spurred the abandon- 
ment or even murder of baby girls 
caused great concern. Yet the current 
ratio — 106.6 males for every 1 00 fe- 
males in China — is still lower than in 
1930, when the ration was 108.5 males, 
or in 1953. when it was 107.6. 

Worried that modem technology 
would allow couples to learn the sex of a 
fetus and abort females at a greater rate 
than males. Chinese officials banned the 
practice, though it may occur in some 
cases anyway.' 

The one-child policy is still strictly 
enforced in the nation's largest cities, 
such as Shanghai and Beijing, where 
penalties for having a second child re- 
main onerous, like loss of a job and a 

fine equivalent to three years’ salary for 
each parent. 

Ir is in the medium-sized cities and 
towns like Dazu. nicked deep in China's 
interior in Sichuan Province, where 
things are changing. 

Not long ago, local Communist Party 
officials wielded wide power over 
people's private lives, telling them 
when to marry, procreate or use con- 
traception. Although local officials 
were judged in part by how well they 
adhered to family-planning goals, res- 
idents say the way they instilled fear and 
respect was at least as much about ex- 
erting personal authority as about en- 
forcing national policies. 

Nowadays, people like Mr. Li, who 
earns the equivalent of $100 a month at 
a private company instead of the $25 he 
used to make at a state-run factory, can 
deflect and ignore officials more easily 
because they no longer control his job or 
his grain rations. 

At die same rime, as stale subsidies to 
local governments dwindle, many local 
officials have turned to money-making 
and found it a better route to influence 
than the old way of cowing residents 
with threats and pressure. As a result, in 
countless towns and provinces, officials 
now accept a flat fee in exchange for 
permission to bear an extra child. 

In the case of Mr. Li. a second child 
brought a fine of $1,200, a large but 
affordable sum because he borrowed 
from family members. Mr. Li. who said 
part of his desire fora second child was a 
wish for a son, said he faced none of the 
other pressure that used to accompany 
efforts to discourage extra childbearing. 

“They didn't try to talk us out of it.” 
said Mr. Li. 32. referring to local family- 
planning officials. “They just wanted to 
be sure we would pay the fine.' ’ 

In other places, officials have ag- 
gressively eacouraged residems to have 
a second or third child so fines could be 
imposed. The money collected belongs 

THIS i w armi-i- r am — a iatner and his son taking shelter under a 
convenient tree in Beijing as they waited for a rain shower to end. 

to the local government and so may 
sometimes be spent by the same of- 
ficials who levy the fines. 

Officials at China's State Family- 
Planning Commission insist that the 
broader policy of strongly encouraging 
population control has not changed and 
that “money for children” cases are 
discouraged. Bur they say the govem- 

shifted over the last five years. 

"You can't simply threaten people 
any more: you have to try to persuade 
them." said Wang Guoq'iang, director 
of the Policy Legislation Department at 
the State Family- Planning Commission 
in Beijing. “Relations between the local 
government and the people are chan- 
ging greatly, and this is precisely why 
we are changing our methods." 

Burma Opponents 
Get 10 Years Each 

RANGOON — Three Burmese 
democracy supporters, all of them 
related to the main opposition lead- 
er, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, were 
sentenced to 10 years each in pris- 
on. the government said Sunday. 

Cbo Aung Than, a cousin and 
close aide of Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi, his sister, Nge Ma Ma Than, 
and her husband, Myint Swe. were 
convicted and sentenced under na- 
tional security laws in Insein court 
in Rangoon, the government said. 

The three were detained in June 
and questioned in relation to smug- 
gling videotapes of Daw Aung San 
Suu Kyi’s speeches abroad. They 
have also been accused of being 
conduits for foreign funds the gov- 
ernment said were received by Daw 
Aung San Suu Kyi's National 
League for Democracy opposition 
party earlier this year, (neuters) 

Hun Sen’s Troops 


Bombard Rebe 

land — Forces loyal to Second 
Prime Minister Hun Sen pounded 
approaches to the border town of 
O'Smacb with mortar and artillery 
fire Sunday as they closed in on the 
lasr major stronghold of forces loy- 
al to the ousted first prime minister. 
Prince Norodom Ranariddh. 

At least 22 mortar rounds and 
nine artillery shells landed in the 
town’s outskirts and the Thai Army 
had been moved to full alert in case 
the fighting or shelling spilled 
across the border, a Thai command- 
er said. In Phnom Penh, General 
Meas Sophea, who heads fighting 
operations, said troops had ad- 
vanced to within 2 to 3 kilometers 
of O'Smach. 

In Manila, Prince Ranariddh 
asked Sunday for “understanding” 
from the Philippines, Foreign Un- 
dersecretary Rodolfo Severino 
said. The prince was on the fifth leg 
of a tour of countries in the As- 
sociation of South East Asian Na- 
tions. (Reuters) 

Pyongyang Assails 
Kirn’s Aid Offer 

SEOUL — North Korea’s state- 
run media launched a barrage of 
vitriol Sunday against an offer by 
President Kim Young Sam of South 
Korea to help Pyongyang out of its 
economic difficulties. 

“His talk about 'assistance' to 
the North is ridiculous." the ruling 
party newspaper Rodong Sinmun 
said of an address ro the nation by 
Mr. Kim on Saturday in which he 
said the South would continue to 
provide food aid. The newspaper 
called the speech the “prattle" of a 
separatist that made “a mockery of 
the nation aspiring after reunifi- 
cation." (AFP) 

Nepalese Police 
Arrest Protesters 

KATHMANDU, Nepal — Ac- 
tivists attacked cars and police de- 
tained supporters of four leftist 
panics Sunday during a general 
strike against a planned anti-ter- 
rorism law in the Nepali capital, the 
police and witnesses said. 

The strike caused merchants to 
close shops and cleared roads of 
taxi cabs, public buses and three- 
wheel motor rickshaws in Kath- 
mandu and the nearby towns of 
Patan and Bhakiapur. Police said 
protesters smashed the windows of 
three vehicles. About 30 leftist sup- 
porters were detained, (Reuters) 

For the Record 

Krishna Kant, a human rights 
advocate, was elected India's vice 
president on Sarurday. His victory 
was assured after the governing 
United Front coalition and the op- 
position Congress (I) Party 
sponsored his candidacy to the 
largely ceremonial post. {API 

The typhoon designated Win- 
nie lashed Okinawa and other 
southern Japanese islands Sunday, 
paralyzing air services and causing 
several injuries. (AFP) 

c~ ■ 

hV / , 




2 Soaps in 1 in Latest Royal Drama 

Wf --- " 

jr -v- 

By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

Tmirs Servic? 

tain- 0 ^ 0 ?^ ~7 ^ peccadilloes of Bri- 
arp rhJS^ a f an H^’ ^e not new, and neither 
■ » “ngdom’s racial hang-ups about the 
inhabitants of the lands it ruled before 
downsizing to a service economy. But now 
h “finbig national characteristics 

e joined to deliver humor and soap- 
opera-quaiity entertainment in the love af- 
fair of Di and Dodi. 

Di, of course, is 36-year-old Princess 
}%“• mother of (he future (ring of Britain 
the monarchy lasts that long) and former 
ire of the next king (if his mother ever lets 
5 J 01 ■ ‘ she has recently been called a mind- 
who thinks nothing of flying 
60 miles by helicopter to consult her 

Dodi is 41 -year-old Emad al Fayed, an 
tgvptian-bom graduate of the Royal Mil- 
1’*^ Academy at Sandhurst, known in 
tabloids as ■ ‘the playboy” from the ' ‘House 
of Harrods.’' 

Various reports have him traveling with a 
masseuse and bodyguards and offering girl- 
friends jewelry by Cartier. His father. Mo- 
named al Fayed, is richer than the queen and 
is the owner of Harrods, the famous de- 

ofLondon 1 ^ ^ ^’S^kridge section 

The background music to this drama is 
the clucking and sniping that attend Bri- 
tain s enduring class divisions and the nas- 
cent conflict between ascending immigrants 
and native Britons. 

In the Daily Mail. Glenys Roberts, a 
regular contributor, fumed that Diana may 
soon discover that she is “trading in one 
prison, the lifestyle of the royal family." for 
a clearly worse alternative, “an Arab 

Dame Barbara Cart] and. author of ro- 
mantic novels and the princess's step- 
grandmother, told The Sun: "My only con- 
cern is that this Dodi is a foreigner." 

On the other side of the divide. Britain's 
vast Asian and Middle Eastern communities 
view the match between Christian Di and 
Muslim Dodi with apprehension, precisely 
because it might draw such hostile attention. 
But the worry is mirigated by "an inflated 
sense of pride.” as Fuad Nahdi, a con- 
tributor to The Independent, put iL "You 
might hate and abuse us on the high streets 
and in alleyways.” he wrote, ‘‘but our boys 
are cruising off with your biggest catches on 
the high seas. " 

The senior Fayed has been a major force 

in the British economy since he purchased 
Harrods 12 years ago. His other properties 
include the Ritz Hotel of Pans. Punch 
magazine, a radio station and the Fulham 
soccer club. Yet, for reasons unexplained, 
he has been denied British citizenship, even 
though he has lived here since 1963. 

To Mr. al Fayed, that is a sign of pure 
bigotry. In retaliation, he has disclosed the 
names of Conservative officials who, while 
keeping him at arm's length, nevertheless 
accepted his hospitality at the Ritz in Pan’s 
as well as so-called political contributions in 
brown paper bags that they never declared. 
His revelations contributed to the huge de- 
feat ending 18 years of Tory rule in May. 

Meanwhile, polls show support for the 
monarchy dropping below 50 percent for 
the first time ever. 

And now the Dodi and Di affair, Dodi's 
family has been smug about it; his maternal 
uncle, the Saudi tycoon Adnan Khashoggi, 
told a Saudi newspaper the other day, "We 
welcome Diana into our famil y.** 

Above the fray stands the Harrods boss. 
Mohamed al Fayed h3$ kept silent, though 
he has appeared in fleeting photo oppor- 
tunities. giving Diana a fatherly hug on bis 
S24 million yacht, or flashing victor*' signs 
at a soccer match at his club. 

Iff) Mii.ftril/Rmiei* 

Prince Charles, with Prince Harry, is 
on the sidelines in latest roval drama. 

Turkish Leader Gets Way on Schools 

# Parliament Approves Restrictions on Religions Education 

By Stephen Kinzer 

Afar York Times Semcc 

ISTANBUL — Seven weeks after he 
took office. Prime Minister Mesut Yil- 
maz has scored his first major political 
victory by winning passage of a hotly 
debated law to restrict religious edu- 

Although the bill will reshape the 
educational system in Turkey, it has 
implications that go far beyond the 
classroom. Over the last few months, 
the question of religious education had 
become a symbolic rallying point for 
both religious and secular Turks. 

Emotions ran high during the par- 
liamentary debate last week and anger 
over the bil I spilled over onto the streets 
of several cities. The police used clubs 
and water cannons to break up religious- 
Jed protests in Istanbul on Friday, and 
more than 1 00 people were arrested here 
and in other parts of the country. 

Senior military commanders and oth- 
er leading secularists supported the bill 
just as fiercely as some religious figures 
opposed it. 

The former prime minister, Necmer- 
rin Erbakan, had refused to back the 
legislation, and his stance wis a key 
factor behind the military's decision to 

increase pressure on his government, so 
that he felt forced to resign in June. 

Under the new system, schoolchil- 
dren will have to spend eight years in 
public schools, instead of five years, 
before being eligible to enroll in re- 
ligious academies. 

Military officers and other secularists 
believe that religious academies have 
become too influential, producing Is- 
lamic militants rather than clergy mem- 
bers and religious scholars. Secularists 
are alarmed at indications that many 
academy graduates are taking positions 
in university student bodies and fac- 
ulties. the civil service and the police. 

The approval of the bill on Saturday 
removed a highly divisive issue from 
the agenda of Parliament. But oppo- 
nents of die legislation have pledged to 
seek revenge at the polls on lawmakers 
who voted for iL 

Because Turkey's powerful generals 
had insisted so strongly on approval of 
the bill, the vote was widely interpreted as 
a new' reflection of the influence that the 
military’ exercises over civilian politics. It 
also displayed the ability of Mr. Yilmaz, 
who rook office in June, to marshal sup- 
port in Parliament. 

• "I will not condone religious 
academies that train warriors for the 

Welfare Party.” Mr. Yilmaz declared in 
a speech Iasi week. “These academies 
exist to educate intellectual clergy for 
our secular republic. In no way are we 
restricting freedom of religion, freedom 
of worship or the right to learn about 
religion. We are simply opposing those 
who want to use religion for political 

Islamic critics of the government say 
many Turks want their children to have 
unrestricted access to religious 
academies. They interpret Mr. Yilmaz’s 
attempts to curb the academies as ev- 
idence that he is no more than an errand 
boy for the military. 

"In its haste to carry out the orders it 
has received, the new government has 
spent the last 45 days violating the con- 
stitution, human rights and the will of 
the people," Mr. Erbakan rold support- 
os in Ankara. 

Secularists say the new educational 
system will reduce the number of pupils 
in the academies and give academy pu- 
pils the intellectual Tools to resist or 
question fundamentalist teachings. 

The new’ system is to be imposed in 
stages, partly because no one is certain 
how the public school system would be 
able to accommodate such an influx of 
new students. 

WutjJ Scr-w The * ..MrJ IVs- * 

A child and her father chanting slogans Sunday in 
Istanbul to protest the curbs on religious education. 

U.S. Increases Pressure to Capture 
Karadzic for War Crimes Tribunal 

He ‘ Ought to Stand Trial, ’ Clinton’s Security Adviser Says 

A fence France-Presse 

troops believed ro be studying plans 
to capture Radovan Karadzic, the 
Bosnian Serb leads’ who has been 
indicted for war crimes, a top U-S. 
official said Sunday that Mr. Karad- 
zic ’’ought to stand trial.’ ’ 

"His'continued presence in Bos- 

. ■ _t_l •" 

separate government tbev have now , 
ignore her dismissal of the legis- 
lature and, by refusing to cooperaie 
with foreign election officials, make 
a new vote nearly impossible. 

And even if the Western gov- 
ernments overcome those chal- 
lenges. they will have strengthened 
Mrs. Plavsic, whose history seems 

A European diplomat put a 
slightly different twist on the events. 
"This is a very interesting position 
that we’ve gotten ourselves into," 
the diplomat said. 

"We have to support Madame 
Plavsic, because we have encour- 
aged her to fight the forces who 
oppose the peace agreement Once 

"His continued presence m zjos- im — r=> , 

niafc a problem/ Sandy Berger, just as nationalist and xenophobic as that is said, how do we make her 
President^Bill Clinton's national se- those of her opponents. opponents accept all of and 

The. legislative elections that she how do we live with her if she turns 

curitv adviser, told CNN television. 
"His* presence in Pale is not helpful 
and he ought to stand trial as a war 
criminal." . 

The former Bosnian Serb pres- 
ident lives outside the Serb village 

The legislative elections that she 
is seeking would take place in Oc- 
tober after municipal elections in 

In Washington, the Clinton ad- 
ministration strongly criticized the 
Bosnian Serb court's ruling, saying 
char the judges had come under 

idem lives outside the Serb village ministration strongly enncizea me 
fXle Bosnian Serb court s ruling, saying 

° Last week the NATO-led Stabil- that the judges had come under 
ization Force compelled the Serb political pressure from supporters of 

^ ,1C ^fvco U l'fno“pr“ of specific aos of 

inrimidanon directed against corn 
T -ir hS been placed under NATO justices and their femibes and 
control ’ Mr. Berger said. “I think strongly condemn such outrages 
’make a significant differ- attempts to flour the rule of law. 
it will make a sigim the State Department s spokesman, 

ence - James Rabin, said. The U-S. reac- 

opponents accept all of this, and 
bow do we live with her if she turns 
out to be a bad investment?" 

As U.S. diplomats repeat when 
explaining their support for her, 
Mrs. Plavsic is the legally elected 
head of the Serbian-controlled por- 
tion of Bosnia. 

— C* — C , 

But it is not a real country, rep- enue. That theme struck home with 

« | (ft _ r .1 _ 7 *£ CnAr 

cnai me juages wxu cuujc uuuui vw— 

politico] pressure from supporters of resenting only half of the area of many ordinary Serbs. 

t * r J Uncni*a a nH a rniinlTV Then, in SD££Cll£S 

Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country 
that is held together by international 
pressure and 32,000 foreign sol- 

In her offices in the town of Banja 

will make a signmcam ourcr- S’s spd Ttaff of four, plus a few advisers, 

ice. James Rabin, said. The U.S. reac- Mrs. Plavsic emerged as a serious 

West Makes Kev Move tion came as President Clinton met critic of the politicians who run the 

'ctu* Mm** York with senior advisers to discuss Serbian area earlier Uus summer 
Mike O Connor ofjhefreti Y with or ^ -visit when she began attacking them for 

In her offices in the town of Banja ment refused to fulfill the peace 
Luka, Mrs. Plavsic commands a agreement, prompting the West to 

Game on Internet 
Parodies Massacre 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — A company owned 
by Richard Branson, chairman of 
Virgin Airlines, has apologized 
after a game based on the massacre 
of 16 children and their teacher in 
Scotland was found on an Internet 
site accessed through Virgin Net. 

Ivan Izikowitz, technical director 
of London-based Virgin Net, said 
that the company did not know the 
web site contained such offensive 
material and it had been removed as 
soon as it was discovered. 

"We certainly apologize for any i 
hurt and distress mat the part we l 
played may have caused," he said. | 
AgmcFiance-ptr** Families of the children and 
Mr. Karadzic explaining an eth- teacher .shot and killed by Thomas 
nic map of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Hamilton on March 13, 1996. in 

Dunblane were outraged at the 
She said that Mr. Karadzic ran a game. It invited players to shoot at 
criminal organization that was steal- children and those who hit all the 
ing much of the government’s rev- targets with the fewest bullets were 
me. That theme struck home with awarded a fictional accolade, 
any ordinary Serbs. "I don’t understand how 

Then, in speeches that brought someone could put something like 
.creasing support, she said die this on the Internet for emertam- 
lonomy remained moribund be- ment," said Rod Mayor, whose wife 
tuse her opponents in the govern- Gwen died protecting the children, 
ent refused to fulfill the peace "Obviously we are all appalled.’’ 
preement, prompting the West to The game was placed on a site 
fuse to give reconstruction assist- created by one of the 6,000 people 
ice. who access the Internet by subscrib- 

‘ ‘There is no budget in the Bos- ing to Virgin Net Mr. Izikowitz said 

Then, in speeches that brought 
increasing support, she said the 
economy remained moribund be- 
cause her opponents in the govern- 
ment refused to fulfill the peace 

refuse to give reconstruction assist- 

"There is no budget in the Bos- 

me O’Connorjtn^y^ ^cymWard Bosnia after the visit 
Tmesrcportedearli^^ jg envoys, Richard Holbrooke 

ievo. Bosma-Herzegovuia. £, 

man Serb Republic," she said in one the subscription of the unidentified 

au- and Robert GclbartL one of their inner circle, 

thoriry here has set the stage for — — — “ “ 

iSH 4 S 5 B^ Over 400 Arrested in Germany 
3 ‘S.rSSg As Neo-Nazis Mark Hess Death 


fSio dismiss the onrailiesia Ww*i«lel rink 1 not be : ffied 

Xe Serbian-controlled part of Bos- T _ G po]ice ar- as the Oth anmvenar, bmgs wnb t a 

^oTLdOO^ieas^cai P"^'2 

uasappoiniedioo'er^eUK lefts*®* who clashed ^ man arid Dutch rightists marked Hess’s 

sideofenforeement of tne^, ^ ^ pohaawn were injured in ^ wiAaraliy ^ Koege . 

peace accords- announ w t BaVanan capital of Munich. Annotated Hitler’s deputy in 1932. Hess 

siae or , mal lt police, inrce death W iih a rally in Koege. 

peace accords- ^"^^ecision- the Bavarian ^pitaiof Mumch Appointed Hitler’s deputy in 1932. Hess 

would overrule the i urt ejuhu5iasl _ Most of the arrests repwt ™[> was Actively in charge of the Nazi Parry 

Mrs. Piavsu. * ‘JSl vdEknus took place Saturday as L- until 1941, when he parachuted tato T 

. ... Hs»in a enuni5UlM- iviw* rhmnohout waSCHOUvciy uiwuugs vi uit i-ox,.* 

Mrs. Piavsu. lS diuiomais took place Saturdav as police toogh ^ ^ [94 ^ when he parachuted into Scot- 

icaUy courted by *j, 0 ffi C e the country check^ to Ifes land on a mysterious mission. Historians 

as the only Bosnian ^ ^ev tying suspected radical dispute his exact intention, some believing 

who even nwstnali •- rallies, banned in most of Gera^y. wanted to press for a British-German 

visions o £ L 

visions of the S he is Germany's ^^^.^^Ai^eraorative alliance againsr the Soviet Union, 

ended the war in Bosnia. ^ians minute attempt to hold a xwian Hess hanged himself on Aug 17, 1987, 

confronting in the rally for Hitier soffit with an electric cord m Berlin s Spandau 

who retain most of ihepo 10 wti where he is cd.Trief-eciera^ rison> whcre he had !been a prisoner since 

^ Serbian pan ot stimuonal Court, m a decisionlateb« ^ NurembefS ^ «d the date has 

OK’lS^SS^X-’^S^SlSSSA. — 

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Pollution Alerts Spark Deba te 

PARIS — Officials issued new pollution alerts for 
Paris and Strasbourg on Sunday, only days after an earlier 
wave of heat, sunlight and car exhaust sparked off a 
debate about France's environmental policies. 

Public health officials said the two cities registered 
pollution levels at "level two,” the midpoint on the 
official scale and one step below the "level three" alert 
requiring curbs on private cars and free public transport in 
the large cities, 

Paris officials said the alert would probably last 
through Monday, when hundreds of thousands of young 
Roman Catholics are expected to converge on the capital 
for the World Youth Days, including a visit by Pope John 
Paul H later in the week. 

The pollution alert triggered a debate about envi- 
ronmental policy between the new Socialist government 
and the former conservative administration, t Reuters ) 

Austrian Memorial Vandalised 

KLAGENFURT, Austria — Vandals destroyed me- 
morial plaques and spray-painted slogans Sunday on a 
controversial war memorial in southern Austria known as 
a gathering point for rightists. 

Police said a two-page letter was found at the scene in 
Ulrichsberg. near Kiagenfurt in southern Carinthia 
province, which claimed responsibility on behalf of an 
organization calling itself Kommando Z.A.L.A. The or- 
ganization was previously unknown. 

The memorial, built in 1959. has become a center of 
controversy in recent years because of a war veterans’ 
meeting that is held in October which attracts rightists. 

In 1995, tiie rightist politician Joerg Haider, who is 
from Carinthia, appeared at the October gathering. At a 
smaller, closed meeting. Mr. Haider, leader of Austria’s 
Freedom Party, praised members of Hitler’s most in- 
famous military unit, the Waffen SS, as decent people of 

The Austria Press Agency said dozens of memorial 
plaques were broken on Sunday. Red stare, a symbol of 
communism, were sprayed on some of the wails. 

Hein-Juergen Masralier. Cariathia’s security chief, 
said that anything he could say about the attackers would 
be “pure speculation." tAPf 

Chechnya Hostages Are Freed 

MOSCOW — Two Russian journalists held hostage in 
Chechnya were freed Sunday on the eve of talks in 
Moscow between President Boris Yeltsin and Aslan 
Maskhadov, the Chechen leader. 

The kidnappers released their captives, who work for 
the private VID television channel, after Russian and 
Chechen security forces presented them with an ul- 
timatum, Movladi Udugov, Chechen first deputy prime 
minister, said. 

" The criminals were made to understand that they 
would be destroyed if they did not comply with the 
ultimatum, so they released the journalists,' ’ he told Ekho 
Moskvy radio. 

Their release came two days after securiry forces in 
Grozny rescued an ethnic Chechen bosrage. A* policeman 
was killed in ihai operation. 

Two Britons, five French people, a German, a Slovak 
and a Yugoslav are missing in Chechnya. 

Mr. Yeltsin is expected to press Mr. Maskhadov during 
Monday's talks in the Kremlin to do more to help free ihe 
many Russian and foreign hosiages seized in Chechnya 
by gunmen seeking ransoms. i Reuters > 

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Scrambled Order Delays Mir’s Docking With a Cargo Ship 

By Daniel Williams 

Wi/stiincu-n Pint Sen ice 

MOSCOW — Russia’s cavalcade of 
glitches in space resumed Sunday when 
mission control postponed docking the 
Mir space station with a cargo vessel 
because of a computer miscue. 

This time, the problem lay not with 
Mir. but between mission control and a 
Progress cargo craft, whose computer 
rejected an electronic order from Earth 
to fire rockets and approach Mir. 

A spokesman for mission control said 
that information provided by ground 
controllers to Progress was flawed, lead- 
ing the computer to automatically abort 
the approach. 

Such a mistake might not normally 
attract attention but it followed a vir- 
tually unbroken parade of problems with 

Mir. starting in February- The Russian 
space agency is set to investigate ail of 
the Mir mishaps; hanging in the balance 
is a judgment whether Mir. after 1 1 
years’ service, is still a fit space sta- 

Valeri Lyndin, a spokesman for mis- 
sion control, said thar the “operator er- 
ror” would be “easily fixed” and pre- 
dicted the docking would take place 

The mission control director, Vladi- 
mir Solovyov, looked irritated as he an- 
nounced the delay. 

“We won't have the docking today,” 
he told reporters. “This is explained by 
the fact that the necessary information 
for the guidance system which the ship 
uses to approach the station turned out to 
be entered incorrectly. We admit iL” 

He said that mission control would 

investigate why the Hawed information 
sent to Progress had not been recognized 
“by all the tests we are carying out on 

The delayed docking presents no 
danger to the three-member Russian- 
U.S. crew aboard Mir, officials said. 

Mission control wants to dock Pro- 
gress with Mir because Progress con- 
tains fuel that can be used to boost the 
space station to a higher orbit. Mir can 
do the job itself, if necessary, but it 
would take more fuel, space officials 

The Progress cargo ship is currently 
carrying only trash, including old equip- 
ment, used towels and underwear, nap- 
kins and food wrappers. In July, before 
being used as a garbage container. Pro- 
gress had ferried water, oxygen, food 
and tools to Mir. 

The July docking, by automatic pilot, 
was flawless. 

However, a previous Progress cargo 
vessel, also carrying garbage, crashed 
into Mir on June 25. The collision punc- 
tured one of Mir's modules and since 
then, the space station has been op- 
erating on half its normal supply of 
electrical energy. 

The circumstances of the June ac- 
cident differed from the aborted docking 
on Sunday. In June, Progress and Mir 
collided during a manual-pilot docking 
practice. The docking scheduled for 
Sunday was to have been accomplished 
on automatic pilot, and crew members 
were not involved. 

However, the fact that erroneous in- 
formation was radioed from Earth to the 
Progress raises questions of either hu- 
man competence or faulty equipment 

Mir is carrying the Russian cosmo- 
nauts Anatoli Solovyov and Pavel Vino- 
gradov, along with the U.S. astronaut 
Michael Foale. On Wednesday, Mr. So- 
lovyov and Mr. Vinogradov are sched- 
uled to restore electrical power lost in the 
June collision. Their critical mission, 
which includes floating into the dam- 
aged Spektr module on an “internal 
spacewalk.” will proceed on schedule, 
said the mission director, Mr. Solovy- 

After this docking. Progress will stay 
attached to Mir until a new supply vessel 
arrives in October. Keeping it docked 
protects the docking hatch from deteri- 
orating due to sun damage, Russian of- 
ficials said. 

Later, Progress will be jettisoned and 
positioned to fall into the Earth's at- 
mosphere, where it will bum up. 

Arms Ban 
Gets Results 

Launching a Riposte 

Woes All ‘From Earth,’ Mir Crew Says 

By Michael Specter 

iV.n- V1»ri Turn a Scrriee 

STAR CITY, Russia — So much for 
the mea culpas. 

The two accident-prone cosmonauts 
who just ended six disastrous months on 
the space station Mir used their first 
public appearance Saturday to denounce 
everyone — from President Boris 
Yeltsin to individual members of the 
press — who have dwelled so publicly 
on the mission's many failures. 

In a new s conference that was a tour 
de force of recrimination, the cosmo- 
nauts. Vasili Tsibliyev and Alexander 
Lazutkin, lashed cutat those who spread 
“rumors, gossip, and lies” and said the 
worst of the spacecraft's problems were 
to be found on Earth. 

“It has always been a tradition here in 
Russia to look fora scapegoat.” said Mr. 
Tsibliyev. the visibly troubled com- 
mander. “Of course, it is always easier 
to put all the blame on the crew. But in 
this case that’s not fair.” 

The crew's time in space was marked 
by the worst collision in the station’s 1 1 - 
year history, several major systems fail- 
ures and the accidental disconnection of 
a cable essential to guide the 120-ton 
spacecraft. Criticism of the crew reached 
a climax during the week when Mr. 
Y eltsin said the problems on board were 
□ot technical but due to “human er- 

Senior officials of the Russian space 
agency have voiced similar sentiments 
and the Russian press has been mer- 

“How and why Fortune declared war 
on this crew is unclear,” an article in 
Komsomolskaya Pravda noted on Fri- 

day. “But even confirmed materialists 
have started shouting. 'Something 
spooky's going on here.' ” 

Mr. Tsibliyev, speaking Saturday in 
Star City north of Moscow al what was 
once the secret training site of all Rus- 
sian cosmonauts, singled out that ironic 
and belittling story as particularly of- 
fensive to him. He said more than once 
that he was lucky to be on Earth — 
although at times he looked as if he 
would be grateful to leave it again at the 
next available opportunity. And he 
stressed that, according to the rules, “we 
should have abandoned the station three 
separate times but we never thought 
about jumping ship. Not once.” 

The three incidents he referred to were 
a fire in February caused by an oxygen- 
producing candle of the type that is now 
being used on the station, the loss of 
pressure after the collision in June and 
the accident last month when one of the 
cosmonauts, usually presumed to be Mr. 
Tsibliyev. disconnected the power 

Thai last event caused Vladimir So- 
lovyov, the mission director, to bark out 
what will surely become one of space 
travel's most infamous phrases: “This is 
a kindergarten.” 

Asked who was responsible for that 
last error. Mr. Lazutkin, responded 
quickly, “If I tell you, will you leave?” 
R ealizin g the answer might be yes. he 
circled back, saying that the two would 
have to speak to doctors and psychol- 
ogists and that a commission would de- 
cide who. if anyone, caused the errors. 

The cosmonauts acknowledged that 
their shift in space had been troubled 
from start to finish. Their initial ap- 
proach to the station in the Soyuz space 

Alexander Lazutkin, left and Vasili Tsibliyev denouncing what they said were efforts to make them scapegoats. 

capsule was marred by a docking failure 
that forced the commander to recover 
manually. And their re-entry was 
flawed, too. by brake engines, designed 
to cushion hard landings, that never fired 

Mr. Tsibliyev, 43. was patient but 
firm in his statements Saturday. 

He felt it necessary to remind people 
of a glaring truth: The Mir is an 1 1 -year- 
old, jury-rigged flying tool kit that was 
originally supposed to last five years. It 
has suffered through 1 .500 malfunctions 

during its time in space and even minor 
problems there can become scary very 

“On Earth, if you can’t get rid of your 
waste, it’s a single problem of plumb- 
ing.' ’ he said, referring to one of the less 
public but more annoying of the crew’s 
recent inconveniences. “For us. we have 
to worry how we are going to sur- 

But most people who have become 
preoccupied with the station's problems 
are mostly interested in questions of 

blame. And for them. Mr. Tsibliyev had 
a direct response. 

“It all comes from Earth.” he said, 
referring to the problems on the station. 
“From our economy, our affairs, our 
poor lives. Even the equipment needed to 
live aboard the station thar we requested 
to be sent — and we’re not talking about 
coffee, tea and milk for us — it just 
doesn’t exist on Earth. Simply, the fac- 
tories don’t work, or have insufficient 
supplies, or the prices they want are too 
high for us to afford. It can be crazy." 

Defection of South Korean to North Stirs Political Feud in South 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

\.-w York Ttmn Service 

TOKYO — A prominent South 
Korean religious leader appears to have 
defected to North Korea, sparking a new 
political battle between rival political 
parties in the South. 

South Koreans are accustomed to 
welcoming defectors from North Korea, 
which is widely believed to be on the 
verge of famine, but it is less common 
for people to flee from the democratic 
and prosperous South to the Communist 
North. The defection would be a rare 
propaganda victory for the North as well 
as a significant embarrassment to South 

Korea and especially to the South 
Korean political party, which the de- 
fector had served as a senior adviser. 

The defector. Oh Ik Jae. a 68-year-old 
former head of Chondogyo, an indig- 
enous religion that arose in the 19th 
century and has more than a million 
adherents in South Korea, arrived Friday 
in the North Korean capital of Pyong- 
yang. the North Korean news agency 
reported over the weekend. 

“I think it boundless honor to have 
come to this wonderful society led by the 
great general. Kim Jong D.” the news 
agency quoted him as saying. Mr. Kim is 
expected to be named party leader later 
this year. 

North Korea has sometimes been ac- 
cused of seizing South Koreans in China 
or in Europe and taking them back to 
North Korea to portray them as defect- 
ors, but in the case of Mr. Oh. Seoul has 
yet to make public accusations of such a 

Normally, the South Korean govern- 
ing party would feel humiliated by such 
a defection, particularly since Mr. Oh 
had served until June on a presidential 
council, the Advisory Council on Demo- 
cratic and Peaceful Unification. 

But the governing New Korea Party 
instead was chortling Saturday because 
Mr. Oh is a member of the main op- 
position party and bad served as re- 

ligious affairs adviser until May. The 
governing party has often accused the 
opposition group, led by Kim Dae Jung 
and called the National Congress for 
New Politics, of being soft on com- 

With a presidential election due later 
this year, on Saturday the New Korea 
Party trumpeted the issue of Mr. Oh's 
defection and sternly called on the op- 
position party to “repent and clarify its 
exact pouticaJ stance. ' ' 

The opposition immediately dis- 
tanced itself from Mr. Oh and accused 
the New Korea Party of trying to use the 
defection to divert attention from polit- 
ical scandals. 

Chondogyo. a religion drawing on 
Confuciam Buddhist, shaman. Taoist 
and Catholic influences, emphasized 
that Mr. Ob is no longer its leader. 

“We cannot hide our shock and dis- 
may at the news of Oh Ik Jae’s defection 
to the North." the head of the church, 
Kim Jae Joong. said. The current church 
leader said Mr. Oh had led the church for 
five years until 1994 but had been dis- 
missed at that time because of a scan- 

“We have not been in contact with Oh 
for the Iasi three years, and our church 
has no knowledge whatsoever of the 
motives behind "his defection to the 
North,” Mr. Kim said. 

By Barbara Crossette 

AW' fort Tunes Service 

— Three months after an interna- 
tional treaty banning the production 
or use of chemical weapons took 
effect, more than half a dozen na- 
tions have admitted that they pos- 
sessed such arms or bad the ability 
to make them, the director general 
of die treaty monitoring organiza- 
tion said last week. 

“There were surprises," said 
Jose Bustani, director general of the 
Organization for the Prohibition of 
Chemical Weapons. ’ ‘ We didn 't ex- 
pect as many countries to come out 
of the closet as they did.” 

Until now only two countries had 
admitted having chemical weapons 
stockpiles — the United States and 
Russia. An Iraqi poison gas pro- 
gram was uncovered by United Na- 
tions monitors after the 1991 war in 
the Gulf. 

While most nations admitting to 
having either chemical weapons or 
the capacity to make them are keep- 
ing their declarations secret, as per- 
mitted under current roles, the most 
surprising open admission came 
from India. 

The Indian government had long 
denied that it had chemical arms, 
although U.S. and European arms 
experts suspected there was poison 
gas in the Indian arsenal. 

In late June, India told Mr. Bus- 
tani 's organization, based in the 
Hague, that it had a chemical 
weapons stockpile. The Indian gov- 
ernment made public the outline of 
its declaration in New Delhi. 

Inspectors began visiting Indian 
chemical weapons sites early this 
month, officials in the Hague said, 
and India would now have to de- 
stroy its arms and production plants 
under international supervision. 

“It is a very encouraging step that 
they have done this,” said Terence 
Taylor, assistant director of the In- 
ternational Institute for Strategic 
Studies in London, who was a ne- 
gotiator for Britain on the treaty. 

In Washington, Baker Spring, se- 
nior defense analyst at the Heritage 
Foundation who is critical of the 
Chemical Weapons Convention, 
said that it would be “foolhardy” 
without independent inspections to 
accept India's confession as evi- 
dence the treaty was working. 

At the Henry L. Stimson Center 
in Washington, an independent or- 
ganization specializing in arms con- 
trol and national security issues, 
Amy Smithson, a senior associate 
and expert on chemical weapons, 
said that the onus was already on the 
technical panel of The Hague or- 
ganization to check die veracity of 
India's declaration. 

U.S. officials said that then- 
primary interest was seeing 
weapons dismantled. They wanted 
to treat these admissions routinely 
to encourage more declarations to 
be made. 

Among other suspected chemical 
weapons producers or suppliers are 
Ethiopia, Iran, Syria, Israel, Egypt, 
Libya. Pakistan. Burma, Vietnam, 
North and South Korea. China is also 
thought to have chemical arms. 

The Chinese and South Koreans 
have apparently acknowledged and 
detailed their weapons programs in 
reports to the treaty organization. 

KOREA: Scandal Throws the Presidential Campaign Wide Open SUICIDES: Plague of Deaths Jolts Dead-End South Boston 


Continued from Page I 

inated by the New Korea Party at its 
convention last month. A former prime 
minister, Mr. Lee was seen as the kind of 
“Mr. Clean” who could help the party 
hang onto the presidency by distancing it 
from the financial scandals and sleaze 
that have plagued il during Mr. Kim's 

But within days, opposition politi- 
cians raised the issue of the exemptions 
of Mr. Lee’s sons from military service. 
Although no wrongdoing has been 
proved, the scandal has dented Mr. Lee’s 
popularity ratings. In polls last week, he 
only had the support of about 25 percent 
of voters, thus opening the door for 
South Korea's first truly unpredictable 
election in decades. 

In 1992, South Korea elected Kim 
Young Sam as its first civilian president 
since the early 1960s. 

Mr. Kim came from a ruling party 
with strong backing from former mil- 
itary leaders that turned out to be un- 
beatable. But now the party is vulner- 
able. and opposition leaders see an 
unprecedented opportunity. 

“We may see the transfer of power 

from the ruling party to the opposition, 
which hasn't happened in Korea since 
the 1940s,” said Lee Jong Chan, vice 
president of the main opposition party, 
the National Congress for New Politics, 
whose leader, Kim Dae Jung, now leads 
Mr. Lee in the opinion polls. 

The election probably will mean little 
change in policy toward the United 
States, no matter who wins. 

Mr. Lee said Thursday that he 
strongly supports the continued pres- 
ence of the U.S. military in South Korea, 
and the other major candidates hold the 
same view. Mr. Lee said that while 
tiie two countries occasionally have 
“differing viewpoints” on trade and 
security issues, particularly in deal- 
ing with North Korea, lie believes 
the overall relationship is strong. 

The issue of Mr. Lee’s sons’ exemp- 
tions from military duty has galled South 
Koreans even more than Americans 
were bothered by questions of President 
Bill Clinton’s military record during the 
1992 U.S. presidential campaign. South 
Koreans live with the daily threat of 
invasion by North Korea, the militaristic 
Stalinist land just across their border. 

To maintain a strong military. South 

Korea requires all young men to serve 
about two years in the military or in 
defense-related jobs. For South Korean 
parents, there is no more wrenching mo- 
ment in life than sending a son off to the 
armed services. But it is almost always 
done without question, out of a keen 
sense of national pride and duty. 

When the presidential candidate was 
asked about me new allegations, he did 
nor respond directly. “What would you 
do if you had a family and those people 
bad physical handicap?' ' Mr. Lee asked. 
“Is it my responsibility? I tiy not to make 
excuses for myself. But in matters con- 
cerning children and their physical han- 
dicap, there has to bea time when people 
think more rationally. Opposition parties 
are now setting a fire, but after a while I 
expect them to cool down.” 

Continued from Page 1 

Ahem, a 26-year-old native of South 
Boston who works with teenagers at the 
South Boston Neighborhood House. But 
the suicides were a thundering decla- 
ration that there was an enemy within. 
“Kids killing themselves," Ms. Ahem 
said. “Who do you pin that on?” 

The suicides have prompted an ex- 
traordinary public self-examination in a 
neighborhood that has long maintained a 
code of silence around private troubles. 

Southie residents are talking about the 
area’s problems, which are not all that 
different from other Boston inner-city 
neighborhoods: poverty, drug abuse, 
broken homes, too many high school 
dropouts, lack of jobs. 

They are also beginning to say that 

South Boston's legacy of anger over 
busing may have hurt the children they 
were trying to protect. 

For Southie. the ground has shifted. 
The blue-collar jobs that once bought 
houses and security for men and women 
with high school educations are dis- 

And with the waning influence of 
Southie 's politicians — after six decades 
of Irish rule Boston has its first Italian 
mayor — the political patronage that 
once assured jobs as court officers and 
bus drivers for Southie residents is no 
longer certain, either. 

In the aftermath of busing, the public 
schools, as well as the church, which 
supported desegregation, no longer 
command the same respect they once 

RWANDA: Extent, of US. Military Involvement Comes to Light 

KENYA: Moi Blames Killings on His Foes 

Continued from Page 1 

time has come for us original inhabitants 
of ihc coast to claim what is rightly ours. 
We must remove these invaders from 
our land," the pamphlets said. 

A Reuters reporter. Edmund Kwena, 
said a filling station had been attacked 
and a pump set on fire and said he saw 
scores of buildings burned on Sunday. 

“i personally counted up io 100 
kiosks completely burned down,” he 
said. “Dozens of houses were also sei on 
fire in the Diani area, a popular tourist 
area south of Mombasa." 

Kenya's roadside kiosks mostly sell 
clothing, fresh fruit, vegetables, and 
handicrafts for tourists. 

Truckloads of army troops were im- 
mediately deployed in the area and se- 
nior army officers arrived by heli- 

A man was shot by the police and his 
body burned by villagers at Bombolulu, 
north of Mombasa, on Sunday. Die 
shooting look place after survivors of 
overnight attacks in neighboring Shauri 
Yako slum area accused Bombolulu res- 
idents of responsibility. 

Residents said dozens of houses in the 
Maweni and Kongowea areas north of 
Mombasa were burned Sunday. 

Karl-Heinz Straus, chairman of the 
Coastal Kenya Association of Tour Op- 
erators. said he was worried that chaos 
could hurt tourism. 

Continued from Page 1 

Rwandan vice president and defense 
minisrer. Major General Paul Kagame, 
meet the militia threat from the refugee 
camps. The official denied that this was 
counterinsurgency training, as has been 
alleged in a recent report by Physicians 
for Human Rights. 

Kathi Austin, a Human Rights Watch 
investigator, told the House Committee 
on International Affairs last month that 
U.S. military personnel in Rwanda told 
her in 1996 that U.S. counterinsurgency 
training was under way there. 

U.S. officials have maintained since 
the beginning of the Zairian conflict last 
fall that Washington was not informed of 
Rwanda's plan to go after Marshal 
Mobuiu. What Washington did fear, the 
Pentagon official said, was that 
Rwanda's army would launch a cross- 
border strike into Zaire to thwart the 
Hutu militias in the refugee camps. Gen- 
eral Kagame had discussed that 
"strike” option with U.S. officials, “but 
we counseled him several rimes not to do 
that." the Pentagon official said. 

General Kagame struck in a broader 
manner, deploying Tutsi fighters from 
Rwanda and Zaire to break up the 
camps, overrun Marshal Mobutu's mil- 
itary and push westward toward Kin- 
shasa, the Zairian capital. Last month, 
for the first time. General Kagame pub- 
licly acknowledged his military's lead 
role in the Zairian insurgency. 

U.S. Special Forces training is now 
under way in Rwanda again, the second 
round of such training in a year, while 
humanitarian groups raise questions 
about the intent and effect of U.S. in- 
volvement there. 

Although the Pentagon credits the 
Rwandan military for its professional, 
committed leadership, international hu- 
man rights groups have accused 
Rwanda's army of committing or fo- 
menting widespread human rights abus- 
es both at home and across the border in 

Amid the continuing instability fol- 
lowing Marshal Mobutu's ouster in 
May. the victorious Rwandan and Con- 
golese Tutsi fighters in Congo are 
widelv accused of killing large numbers 

of Hutu civilian refugees as part of their 
campaign against the Hutu refugee mi- 
litiamen. who fought on Marshal 
Mobutu's side. The United Nations has 
been attempting to investigate these 
abuses but has been thwarted thus far by 
Congo's new president. Laurent Kab- 

More than a million Hutu refugees 
fled into what was then Zaire three years 
ago in fear of reprisals after Rwandan 
Hutu extremists slaughtered at least 
500.000 Rwandan Tutsi in 1 994. Their 
UN-operated camps were largely con- 
trolled by Hutu militiamen posing as 
refugees who are suspected as perpet- 
rators of the bloodletting, which is 
widely called genocide. 

In early October. General Kagame’s 
military and its Zairian allies began at- 
tacking the camps and succeeded in driv- 
ing most of the Hutu home to Rwanda. 

The Pentagon official characterized 
Rwanda's human rights record as "sur- 
prisingly good" in view of the 1994 
slaughter, which ended when General 
Kagame’s Tutsi rebel forces took over 
the country. 

There are many South Bostons, and 
there are many young people from the 
neighborhood who are succeeding in 
some of the city’s most academically 
demanding schools and whose prospects 
are bright. 

But for many of Southie’s young 
people, the once-thriving ethnic enclave 
has turned in on itself and become a 

Michael MacDonald. 30, wbo grew 
up in a housing project in South Boston 
and is now a neighborhood organizer, 
sees a horrible symbolism in the method 
of suicide. Statistically, hanging is rel- 
atively uncommon among teenagers. 

"Who hangs themselves?" he asked. 
"People in prison hang ihemseives.” 

They call South Boston "the town.” 
and with 29,000 residents, it still feels 
like a small town. It is not surprising that 
in this tight-knit world the six suicide 
victims all knew each other. 

Kevin Geary wanted to be a state 
trooper. He lived with his mother in the 
Old Colony development, a housing 
project that some demographers have 
rated one of the poorest white neigh- 
borhoods in the country. 

He hanged himself on Dec. 30 after 
getting an $85 traffic ticket for running a ‘4k 
blinking red light. ^ 

Duane Liotti was the second, in Feb- 
ruary. He was also from Old Colony, 
where he lived with his mother, an ad- 
ministrative worker in a nursing home. 

Tommy Mullen, gregarious and pop- 
ular. was drunk the night before St- 
Patrick s Day. March 17. when he and a 
friend each wrapped a belt around his 
neck at the West Broad wav housing 

Tommy’s friend, also 1 5. changed his 
mind in time. 

Jonathan Curtis killed himself in 
April, the day after one of his close 
friends, 23 -year-old Shawn Austin, died 
of a heroin overdose. ^ 

Tommy Deckert, a former altar boy. ¥ 
was taken to the hospital a tier a (tempting 
suicide on June 8. Never regaining con- 
sciousness. he died of his injuries five 
days later. 



v,t *iroi s ! 

fib h j 
: h j* . : 




Albanians Develop a Taste for Hot Cars 

nlnneside ihe stolen car imtoi 

By Jane Perlez 

New York Times Sen ift- 

DURRES. Albania — You dream of a late- 
niodel Mercedes Benz, silver toned, leather 
seats? But your budget is S 10.000? 

Here on a sandy lot near the beach at Eastern 
Europe's hottest auto mart, your car awaits you. 
ratos. the salesman dressed in black jeans and 
checked shirt, his face red from trolling for 
customers under a hot sun. is asking $9,000. 

If you want a while 1994 Mercedes, he has 
that, too, from among dozens of near- new Euro- 
pean and Japanese cars. 

Fatos is more honest than most of the sales- 
men. He admits that the array of cars glinting in 
the sunlight are all stolen. Anyone telling you 
otherwise is lying,’ ' he said. 

This means you can tool around Albania all 
you want in your newly purchased Mercedes. 
But if you try to cross the border to Greece or 
take your car on a boat to Italy, it is likely to be 
confiscated by customs inspectors on the lookout 
for recently minted, expensive cars with Al- 
banian plates. 

Since Albania emerged from its Communist 
cocoon in 1991 it has been one of the best 
customers for Europe’s stolen cars. 

Albanians were forbidden to own cars during 
the austere Communist regime; the most lux- 
urious means of private transportation was a 
bicycle. Now, six years after the collapse of 
communism, residents of the Albanian capital, 
Tirana, say they have more Mercedes Benzes per 
capita than most other European cities. The big 
sedans jostle each other on potholed and dusty 
roads, often whizzing by donkeys pulling carts. 
Yet there is not a Mercedes showroom in the 

whole country. An attempt at selling new Mer- 
cedeses last year failed because the competition 
from the older, cheaper, stolen varieiy was too 

The vast majority of the Mercedeses — and 
the late-model BMWs and Alfa Romeos — are 
believed to have been stolen in Western Europe 
and to have entered on ships berthing here from 

Fatos was keen to sell one of his two Mer- 
cedeses but warned that it would not be wise to 

By 1994, Albania bad become a 
favorite destination for 
expensive cars stolen from the 
streets of Europe. 

take it outside the country - Ah Albanian central 
bank official’s state car was confiscated because 
it was discovered by the Greek customs officials 
to have been stolen, he said. 

Bur inside Albania, the police consider the 
stolen cars as ''normal cars, ’ Faios said. .Half 
the government cars were bought here, ne 

Some salesmen lell customers that their cars 
would be allowed into Europe. “You can sign 
the mortgage on my house, ' ’ one of the salesmen 
said as he tried to convince a potential buyer that 
the documents on a 1993 Mercedes would pass 
muster at the border. Another said. “You can 
collect $ 10.000 from me if this car is confiscated 
setting into Italy." 

Tatiana Luci, who has buili a booming spare 
parts business in Tirana, has watched her busi- 

ness expand^onjside the s ^ descs came t0 
At fust, she sa !^ ""“^brought here, she 
Albania young Albanian men 

said, by entrepreneurial y m0< jels in 

who bought secondh 5 J^ rn _ 0U t taxis, and 
^r^c^ ^SUa, complete with 

and as others jajgdto ^ - tite for fanc ier 
^oughdnig tmfftog^banS had become a 
cars grew. By Mnens ; V e cars stolen 

an f chy ' i in effort to investigate the 

Interpol last year. Mrs. Luci 


three months off the factory floor- ^ 

"I find it hard to find spare pans for a car mat 

She paid 

$ 6,000 for it last year. . . 

When she was first offered the car, the sales 

man from Durres showed her 
: dicating that the carhadtanfroughno^bama 

■ legally for a customer in the port of More. 

SOUP'S ON — Fishermen stirraig a 8 Prov ^ ce . The makers of the 

Palic, 200 kilometers north of Belgrade V°j'od«ia ^ Gu - nness Book of 

gigantic tureen of soup were attempting to ‘ to with a taste for it. 

Records. The soup was ladled out without charge to anyone w» 

But then she learned that the papers had been 
forged by what she called one of the document 
• 'artists." The car really came from Monienegro 
and had been stolen. , 

“I had a very bad feeling, she said. I felt 
very sorry’ for the ex-owner. The car had ob- 
viously been the apple of his eye. It was very well 
kept. But then I bought it. 1 thought if 1 didn t buy 
it someone else would." 

A verv temptine offer came to Mrs. Luci the 
other Sr a W97"Mercedes, only three months 
oS-h is dark blue going on black, gorge**. 
The air-conditioning allows you to have a choice 
of the smell of bananas, oranges or straw beme* 

10 Tbeprice? "Tendiousand dollars. I was t0 *d dK 
OX re 

But I don’t know. I was airaid to buy il 

i » 




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MONDAY. AUGUST 18, 1997 




n nLiMitii nmi th* \f» kirk timfs »nd thf wxsHUwmjN post 

Focusing on Bosnia 

tribune India: The Criticism Is Justified but Overdone 

THt ttVSHWOTON POST " O _ Unlnmi 

President Bill Clinton has some dif- 
ficult decisions to make on Bosnia. The 
peace there is frayed, the prospects for 
long-term stability are uncertain and 
the ostensible deadline for withdraw- 
ing American troops is now less than a 
year away, in the coming weeks Mr. 
Clinton must once again consider what 
price America is prepared to pay to 
help secure a lasting peace in Bosnia. 

Many of Mr. Clinton’s options re- 
quire more assertive use of NATO 
forces in Bosnia, including some 8.000 
American troops. That is now war- 
ranted. provided the use is judicious, 
carefully planned and executed, and 
limited "to several narrowly defined 
roles where NATO troops can make a 
difference in securing peace. For now, 
u e do not believe that includes a risky 
operation to capture Radovan Karad- 
zic. the former Bosnian Serb president 
and a prominent war crimes suspect. 

Although the Dayton peace agree- 
ments provide for the use of NATO 
forces in a variety of enforcement 
roie>. they have been used sparingly, 
partly to minimize the risk of casualties 
and partly because NATO leaders have 
differed over the appropriate use of 
military force. The election of Tony 
Blair as British prime minister has re- 
duced the differences, giving Mr. Clin- 
ton wider latitude. 

Mr. Clinton well knows the dangers 
thai can come w ith the expanded use of 
peacekeeping forces. An ill-conceived 
manhunt in Somalia in 1993 left 18 
L'.S. soldiers dead. 

The more disciplined use of peace- 
keeping forces in Bosnia has so far 
kept casualties to a minimum. Not a 
single American has been killed by 
hosnle fire. With careful management 
by Washington, reasonable levels of 
can be maintained while making 
more vigorous use of the NATO 
forces, as anticipated in Dayton. 

General Wesley Clark, the new 
NATO commander and one of the ar- 
chitects of the Dayton accords, has 
already begun to do that. This month 
NATO troops have started to inspect 
Bosnian Serb special police units, pan 
of an overdue eft'on to place them 
under international control. The units, 
which are armed with light artillery, 
provide security for Mr. Karadzic and 
others indicted by the war crimes 
tribunal in The Hague. 

General Clark should give his forces 
an expanded role in safeguarding 
refugees returning to communities 
w here they are members of an ethnic 
minority. Reconciliation in Bosnia will 
be impossible if none of the ethnically 

mixed cities that existed before the war 
can be reconstituted. 

Bosnia urgently needs independent 
radio and television stations to com- 
pete with state-controlled broadcasts 
polluted with nationalist propaganda, 
especially in Serbia and Republika 
Srpska, the Serbian-ruled pan of Bos- 
nia. Mr. Clinton should redouble ef- 
forts to open new stations, and guard 
them with NATO forces if necessary. 

Until recently, NATO units showed 
no interest in detaining suspected war 
cri minals , even when troops en- 
countered them on routine patrol. 
NATO soldiers should be encouraged 
to arrest suspects they run into. In July, 
NATO leaders authorized a more ag- 
gressive campaign to catch those under 
indictment. One Bosnian Serb was 
captured and another killed when he 
resisted arrest. That campaign now 
seems to be on hold, and pressure is 
building to go after Mr. Karadzic. Be- 
fore Mr. Clinton puts American troops 
in harm's way, he ought to be certain 
that he has exhausted other ways of 
isolating Mr. Karadzic 

No one doubts that Mr. Karadzic's 
continuing political activities are in 
violation of the Dayton agreement and 
the commitment of Serbian and Bos- 
nian Serb leaders to push him aside. 
Nor is there any question that his dis- 
ruptive role impedes reconciliation in 
Bosnia. Clearly, the interests of justice 
would be served by his caprure and 
prosecution. But those calling for his 
capture have yet to show* that the ben- 
efits of seizing him outweigh the risks, 
including a deadly firefight with his 
guards, and retaliatory terrorist strikes 
against NATO troops. 

There are less risky but still effective 
ways to intimidate Mr. Karadzic. Mr. 
Clinton, for the moment, has a renewed 
commitment from Slobodan Milosevic, 
the Serbian leader, to sideline him. Mr. 
Clinron can force compliance this time 
with sustained pressure. General 
Clark's more aggressive posture and 
publicized movement of Pentagon com- 
mando units help signal to Mr. Karadzic 
that ultimately he can be seized unless 
he slops his political activities. 

A more active U.S. role can help 
ameliorate many of the troubles be- 
deviling the Bosnian peace, including 
the reappearance of Mr. Karadzic. Mr. 
Clinton, diverted by last year’s elec- 
tion, let Bosnia drift for six months. He 
now seems re-engaged. How he man- 
ages American involvement will go a 
long way toward shaping the foreign 
policv legacy of his presidency. 


XT EW YORK — When I was young 
It in India ... Often, when I give 
myself time to think about my life, the 
words pronounce themselves to me. 

Sometimes they startle me, the times 
I hear them when I thought I had been 
thinking about other dungs and other 
places. Until a few months ago I be- 
lieved that the words had to do only 
with the four years I spent as the New 
York Times correspondent in India, in 
the second half of the 1950s. 

But in March, on one of many jour- 
neys back. I understood that what the 
words said to me was that I had felt 
young not just in the ’50s but always 
since, whenever I returned to India. I 
realized that every return was like start- 
ing fresh — the same excitement and 
zest, the same sense thai not just a coun- 
try but a whole world of infinite variety 
was spread out before me and thai I had 
the delicious chance to learn about it, just 
by going forward to meet iL 

All this year, as India approached the 
50th anniversary of its independence 
on Aug. 15, it has been getting un- 
sparing analysis and criticism. 1 con- 
tributed a share. 

But not today, and I hope I never will 
send her one of those black-bordered 

Bv A. M. Rosenthal 

cards she has been getting for decades. 
They arrive with every birthday or 
crisis from Indians and foreigners. 
Americans and Indian professionals 
share a particular delight in kicking 
their country around. 

By now you may have guessed that 
I am seized by India. It could be said 
that I love India, so I say iL 

I love India for personal reasons. It 
gave me decades of discovery, learning 
and friendships — and lots and lots of 
stories to write. All I had to do was go 
out and scoop them up; for reporters, a 
golden land. 

I love India because when almost all 
newly independent countries became 
communist or fascist, or militaristic 
tyrannies that the world prettified by 
calling them authoritarian, and through 
all the decades when the West poured 
its treasure into dictatorships and its 
contempt into India, the Indians stuck 
with democracy. That is the most per- 
sonal reason of all for a foreigner who 
knows that he himself could not thrive, 
and might not live, without iL 

Some birthday mourners say yes. 

India has elections, but elections alone 
do not a political democracy make. No. 
but they certainly do when they are as 
free and regular as India s, and w hen 
In dia adds freedom of press, worship, 
courts, speech, assembly and politics, 
and a us ually vote-smart public. 

In the 50”years since 1947, Indians 
have created a single nation where 
none existed before, out of 500 princely 
states. They built it despite religions at 
war with each other for centuries, and 
the death of a milli on people in ihe war 
of partition. 

They fashioned a steadily industri- 
alizing state, which produced a huge 
middle class. Its scientists, doctors and 
computer wizards bolster not only In- 
dia bur America and other Western 

Indians have not solved the old evils 
that still threaten their future — 
poverty, illiteracy, the birthrate, vio- 
lence between Hindu castes and among 
Hindu, Muslim and Sikh. And newer 
evils are e ating into the national mar- 
row: epidemic corruption and business 
regulation that Indian politicians keep 
promising to end but don’t. 

But consider die world’s record in 
the 50 years before 1947: 

Two world wars. One Holocaust. 
Fascism and communism. Unknow- 
able millions slaughtered by . Gennany 

or starved to death in the Soviet Liuon. 


pressions. Famines in Western colon- 
ies — like India. . 

And now for a few world highlights 
since 1947. during India’s half-century 
of self-rule. 

Corruption: Italy and Russia. Re- 
ligious and communal warfare: Bosnia. 
Racial tensions: Fiance and Germany. 
Appeasement of dictators: Western 
arms and technology to Iraq. Com- 
munist China, etc. Famines: Mao 
bringing death by starvation to un- 
knowable millions. Disease: .AIDS and 
tobacco-cancer. Drugs, crime and cyn- 
icism: See everywhere. 

Exception: the United States, which 
knows no poverty, disease, corruption 
or racial tensions. 

After examining the above two para- 
graphs, could we please wait before 
sending black-bordered cards on India’s 
birthdays? Wait say. 50 more years. 

The Sew York Tones. 

Japan: This Time Around, the Hawks Will Probably Lose 

T OKYO — History could be 
repeating itself. Sixty years 
ago the Japanese right used the 
question of Manchuria ro con- 
front China and polarize Jap- 
. anese politics. Today it seems to 
want to use the Taiwan issue for 
much the same purpose. 

The catalyst is the current 
debate over draft guidelines for 
military cooperation with 
America under the Japan-U.S. 
Security Treaty, which say that 
Japan should provide material 
and base support for the United 
States in the event of an emer- 
gency in Japan’s “vicinity." 

Since the Taiwan Strait is only 
a few’ hundred kilometers from 
U.S. bases in Japan’s Okinawa, 
common sense, not to mention 
broad hints from Washington, 
say that Japan is committed to 
supporting America in any re- 
newed military confrontation 
with China in that area. The Jap- 
anese right is more than happy 
with that interpretation. Beijing, 
and the Japanese left, have 
already voiced strong objection. 

By Gregory Clark 

In theory, the rightists should 
be able easily to win this debate, 
since they dominate the con- 
servative Liberal Democratic 
Party, which in turn dominates 
Japanese politics. But in 1994 
disgruntled LDP members 
joined with middle-of-the-road 
factions to form the opposition 
New Frontier Party, now led by 
the rightist Ichiro Ozawa. 

As a result, the LDP has had 
to rely on a coalition with the 
left-leaning Social Democratic 
Party and the progressive 
Sakigake splinter group to re- 
gain power, both of which have 
doubts about approving the 
guidelines, especially if they 
bring Japan into direct confron- 
tation With China. 

To break the deadlock, the 
LDP’s right wing wants to use 
the military guidelines issue to 
ditch the two coalition partners 
and tie up with right-wingers in 
Mr. Ozawa’s now crumbling 
party to gain a parliamentary 

majority, particularly since Mr. 
Ozawa himself strongly advo- 
cates close military cooperation 
with the United States. 

But this would alienate the 
liberal and anti-Ozawa factions 
in the LDP. Italian politics seem ' 
simple in comparison. 

The man in the middle is a 
liberally inclined 58-year-old 
LDP politician named Koichi 
Kato. .As the parry's secretary- 
general, he wields LDP power. 
And as a former diplomat and 
China specialist, he has done 
everything he can to insist that 
Japan’s ‘vicinity’ excludes the 
Taiwan Strait (he says it is only 
the Korean Peninsula). The 
IJDP right is now maneuvering 
openly to have him humiliated 
and replaced. 

For the momen l Mr. Kato has 
the support of Prime Minister 
Ryuiaro Hashimoto. mainly be- 
cause of his skills in keeping the 
party's unlikely coalition part- 
ners in line, and in winning over 

to the LDP some of the more 
liberally inclined defectors from 
opposition parties. 

But Mr. Hashimoto himself 
is right-wing-inclined. As a 
former head of Japan’s power- 
ful war veteran relatives’ as- 
sociation. he has in the past 
strongly opposed any hint of 
Japanese war guilt. 

Crunch time will be next 
month when Mr. Hashimo to vis- 
its Beijing and is forced to com- 
mit himself on the Taiwan Strait 
issue. (Japan’s current official 
position is that “vicinity" does 
not have to be defined.) A shake- 
up of top LDP posts is also due 
then, and a right-wing push for 
pow er seems inevitable. 

Given Japan's history of ag- 
gression and atrocity against 
China, the right's strong anti- 
China bias may seem curious. 
Bar unlike in Germany, where 
war guilt reigns, nor just the 
right but even moderate con- 
servatives feel that Japan does 
not have to apologize to anyone 
for the war — that if anything 

The CIA Is Cheating 

Mideast: The Solution Is Still ‘Land for Peace’ 

In the 1980s the considerable 
prestige of the official document series 
known as Foreign Relations of the 
United States suffered a huge blow 
when a volume on U.S. -Iranian re- 
lations of ihe 1950s came out without 
mention of American coven activities 
— something that the whole world 
already knew about. As a result of that 
embarrassment, a committee of his- 
torians was organized to guide the 
State Depanmem's responsibilities to 
truth and scholarship. Much has 
happened m the decade since. For one 
thing, the Cold War ended. But. ac- 
cording to the Historical Advisory 
Committee’s latest word, although the 
department is now systematically de- 
classifying the archives with a “can 
do’ ‘ at titude, it continues to fail to meet 
the statutory requirement to publish 
historical documentation in 30 years. 

The primary cause of delay, says the 
committee, is the dilemma of meeting 
the publication mark while ensuring 
that the volumes are accurate and com- 
prehensive. Within the State Depart- 
ment. fears linger that publication 
might seriously damage current for- 
eign relations. The agreed balancing 
test between protection and disclosure 
"is heavily weighted toward open- 
ness ' ' for information 25 to 30 or more 
years old. the committee reminds. 

Its sternest strictures, however, are 
reserved for the CIA. The agency is 
slow to take the wraps off its past covert 
actions. Of 1 1 suen operations it has 
acknowledged conducting during the 
Cold War. if has declassified “enough 
information lo delineate our foreign 
policy” in only one case — British 
Guiana, where the United States at- 
tempted to influence elections. Thehis- 
toncal committee itself admits in dis- 
comfort that it has “evaded the issue of 
incomplete and inaccurate compila- 
tions” by insisting that prefaces of such 
volumes" confess the lapse. 

The result is that a number of doc- 
ument sets now stand in "never-never 
land" — incomplete, unpublished, 
hung up between State and CIA even 
when the facts have been confessed, 
written up and testified to. "For the 
editors of the document series to pretend 
coven actions did not happen makes the 
volumes and the Depanmem of State 
the target of ridicule and scorn. " 
Evidently the CIA can live with a 
situation in which the State Depart- 
ment is a target of ridicule and scorn. 
And certainly the withholding of na- 
tional security information is better 
than shredding records, something that 
the CIA has admitted to. But its record 
is scandalous. It agreed to the terms of 
living in a new age. and it is cheating. 


Other Comment 

jamin Netanyahu has 
altered the terms of Middle East 
diplomacy in a way that con- 
firms and protects his ruling 
Likud Party's reluctance to 
yield much* territory and any 
sovereignty to the Palestinians. 
Bill Clinton and his diplomats 
give scant sign of addressing 
The implications of the change. 
Their innocence makes Amer- 
ican policy increasingly prone 
to irrelevance. 

In the old days, the terms of 
the Israeli-Palestinian struggle 
were territory and peace. The 
Israelis would give up captured 
territory, the Palestinians would 
settle into a normal relation- 
ship. Israel’s Labor Party nailed 

By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 

those terms into the Oslo in- 
terim agreement of 1993. 
whose results Mr. Clinton 
hailed on the South Lawn. 

Now there is no more talk of 
territory for peace — the basic 
deal that the company of na- 
tions has always embraced. The 
promise of Israel returning ter- 
ritory has been quietly moved 
off the table. 

What the Palestinians are 
now’ offered is not territory in 
the old Labor sense, and cer- 
tainly not anything like even a 
marginal state of their own. 
They are offered merely a status 
of self-rule heavily ’ circum- 
scribed by Israeli prerogatives. 

India’s System Has Failed Unheard Priorities 

When asked about the fabled “third 
way” between capitalism and com- 
munism, Vaclav Klaus likes to quip 
that “the ‘third way’ is the fastest route 
to the Third World.” Since achieving 
independence in 1947. India has 
defined itself by a democratic social- 
ism which it fancied struck a balance 
between the totalitarianism of com- 
munism and the “heartlessness" of 
capitalism. Fifty years later, the result 
is all too plain to see: a counrry whose 
name has become an international syn- 
onym for poverty and despair. 

In certain quarters, it is popular to 
attribute India's failures variously to 
corruption, bad management and 
flawed implementation. But these 
problems are less the cause than the by- 
products of the Indian system. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review 
iHong Kong). 

'Tfr i < I.VTEIIMTHIJSU mi * i 


nw ***** i 



KATHARINE P. D ARROW. lire Chairman 

RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher <£ Chief Executive 
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By Mary McGrory 

Sometimes you wonder 
why the class acts quit the 
Senate. You would know 
more if you had been there on 
July 22. heard Dale Bumpers's 
superb speech against the 
S100 billion space station, 
seen who was there (no one) 
and watched him go down 

.Arkansas’s retiring senior 
senator, 72, is a brainy liberal 
u’itb a pungent sense of hu- 
mor. From the day he came in 
1975. he has shown a pas- 
sionate interest in priorities. 
He favors spending money on 
education and health rather 
than on fancy weapons. He is 
the Senate’s best orator. 

He was carefully prepared. 
He reeled off facts, figures, 
digressions, specifics, gener- 
alizations, talked about his 
wife, Betty, and her efforts 
for peace, about children, the 
Russians, the Pentagon, the 
ways of Washington. 

It was his sixth tty on the 
space station, and he pre- 
dicted that he would lose 
again. He gave compelling 
reasons whv be should noL 

about ... We have become so 
inured to cost overruns, we 
just simply cannot stop a big 
project once it is started." 

He went on in his pleasant 
baritone for approximately an 
hour and 20 minutes. He 
talked through three presid- 
ing officers. Occasionally, 
Senator Barbara Mikulski of 
Maryland, NASA’s home 
state champion, looked in ro 
see if he had concluded. She 
shuffled her papers, then 
wandered off. signing. 

The senators could have 
been in their offices following 
his logic on their closed-cir- 
cuit television screens. If they 
were, they were not moved. 
The vote against his amend- 
ment to close the space station 
was 69 to 3 1 . He got six fewer 
votes than last year. 

The problem is well sum- 
marized by author William 
Greider in a recent Rolling 
Stone article: "Instead of a 
robust debate over post-Cold 
War priorities or skeptical 
questioning of these fanciful 
premises, the political elites 
in both parties have settled 
into denial and drift.' * 

Mr. Bumpers is not going 
away mad after 22 years. It's 
just that he doesn’t think that. 

He cited the opposition of short of an economic crisis, 
the scientific community, the Senate will change. He 
“Unfortunately, they don’t sees no light at the end of the 
have enough political clout to tunnel in "its acquiescence to 
fill a thimble. ’ He quoted the Pentagon extravaganzas. 
Harvard physicist Nicolaas He believes that if the 
Bloembergen. who said with- country had been tuned into 
eringly that “microgravity is the space station debate, they 
of microimportance. ’ ’ would have been 80-20 on his 

He explained the futility of side. * 4 What does it take? ’ ’ he 
his effort: "There is no polit- mused the other day. Not 

ica I price to be exacted against 
you for favoring something 
that people know very little 

knowing the answer, he is go- 
ing home to teach. 

The Washington Post. 

and a relationship with the Is- 
raelis regulated by Israeli needs 
of the moment. 

Imagine thar the Palestinians 
did everything the Israelis 
asked in the way of cracking 
down on terrorists — 
everything. They would get in 
return just a small, dependent 
misshapen territory carved up 
by Israeli roads and vulnerable 
to Israeli intervention the first 
time a kid threw a stooe. 

This seems to me what the 
Israelis in command are pur- 
suing. They have wedded the 
claims of security to the claims 
of ideology and produced a 
political configuration that can- 
not possibly become the basis 
of the sort of negotiation that the 
Unired States encourages and 
that most people have in mind 
— including, at least in good 
cycles, perhaps a majority - of 

The Israelis are commonly 
thought of as realists in these 
matters. But realism would re- 
quire a measure of enlightened 
cooperation, and the govern- 
ment is now at the point where it 
is not asking to work out Israeli 
security on mutually agreed 
terms but simply io impose Is- 
raeli security requirements. 

Just two days before the latest 
suicide bombing. Mr. Netan- 
yahu was publicly celebrating 
his success in “lowering the 
level of terrorism’’ by inducing 
Palestinians to undertake "re- 
straining moves alongside the 
actions we take — things which 
perhaps the public doesn't know 
of, but of which I am extremely 
proud.” Then the bombs went 
off. and suddenly Mr. Netan- 
yahu had a long list of new 
things the Palestinians must im- 
mediately do to protect Israelis. 

He is right, of course, in mak- 
ing high security demands on 
the Palestinians. His core de- 
mand here is right, too: The 
Palestinians cannot be allowed 
to use security cooperation as a 
lever to induce Israeli bargain- 
ing concessions. 

The Egyptian and Jordanian 
leaders — as a close Netanyahu 
aide. Dore Gold, put it to me last 
week — did not let violence 
hover over the negotiating table. 
Nor should Yasser ArafaL 
But it is wildly self-delusion- 
al. if it is not just plain cynical, 
for Israelis to imagine thar their 
own political behavior has no 
effect on the Palestinian Au- 
thority’s readiness to restrain 
both officially condoned and in- 
formally generated terrorism. 

it also is delusional to think 
that even the fairest and most 
enlightened Israeli policy would I 
lift from the Israelis the full curse 
of Palestinian terrorism. This i 
awful phenomenon has sources « 

beyond the - normal political 
reach. But if normality is a prize 
that Israel cannot soon expect to 
win. then surely it can look for- 
ward to a diminution of terrorism 
and to the comforts of interna- 
tional cooperation and sympathy 
in tiie snuggle against iL 

As it is now-, the Israeli po- 
sition on teirorism involves an 
all-out and. if necessary, lonely 
struggle in which all tactics are 
justified. The resolve is to come 
down hard on Mr. .Arafat and 
other offenders in order to 
demonstrate that Palestinian de- 
predations have a cosl 

Those who do not have to go 
about every day wondering if 
their fellow bus passenger is a 
suicide bomber have an oblig- 
ation of empathy; Israelis mon- 
itor it closely. But an obligation 
of empathy also runs to Pal- 
estinians striving for a political 
objective — a state — that is 
considered reasonable and nor- 
mal in most parts of the world. 

At Oslo. Israelis bravely took 
a long step toward accommod- 
ating Palestinian political aspir- 
ations. Mr. Arafat subsequently 
made some but not enough ef- 
fort to check terrorism. He must 
deliver. But he will be better 
able to deliver if he has 
something to show for it on the 
political side. 

Respectful to a diplomatic 
fault of Israel's political con- 
strictions. the Clinton adminis- 
tration needs to speak out 
strongly nor only against ter- 
rorism but also for a political 
settlement based on side-by-side 
Israeli and Palestinian states. 

The Washington Post. 

1897: Afghan Raids decree of Chief of Police, Johi 

SIMLA — The protest of the 
Indian Government to the 
Ameer of Afghanistan has 
already borne fruit. The Ameer 
has written to the Governor of 
JelJalabad calling him to task 
for having allowed Afghan sub- 
jects, and particularly soldiers 
in Afghan pay. to take part in 
the raids at Shadkadar and To- 
chi. This action makes it certain 
that whatever the Ameer may 
do secretly, he is determined to 
avoid an open rupture with the 
Indian Government. A rumor, 
however, gains ground that the’ 
Tirrah tribes are rising and pre- 
paring to take the field. 

1922: Beach Rules 

NEW 't ORK — Long Beach 
bathers of opposite sex must 
keep at least six inches apart. 
The beach patrolmen will walk 
the beach with tape measures to 
enforce, according to the latest 

decree of Chief of Police, John 
Tracy, of Long Beach. Chief 
Tracy had wondered for a long 
time how he could put into ef- 
fect a rule that would not be too 
puritanical and which at the 
same time would take away 
some of the too alluring qual- 
ities of beach life. 

1947: Scout Fraternity 

MOISSON. France — In the 
name of "Scout brotherhood 
and no more war.” French boys 
have been secretly harboring a 
group of seventeen would-be 
Scouts from Germany at the 
world Boy Scout Jamboree. Un- 
der spontaneous protection from 
surrounding boys, the German 
youths got into France from Ber- 
lin and the French Zone. They 
said their name was the "Griffin 
Patrol and told a fantastic tale 
of world youth hopes. They said 
they were determined to cany on 
weir slogans of international 
good will to the extreme. 


Japan was a victim rather than 
an aggressor, in that it sought to 
free Asia from Western colo- 
nialism. only to be aiom- 
• bombed for its pains. 

Ttie leading right-wing guru 
and former prime minis ter. 
Yasuhiro Nakasone, has said 
openly that mistaken American 
attempts to throw Japan out 
of China in the past made the 
1941 Pearl Harbor attack in- 
evitable. The parallel is not the 
Germany of today bat the Ger- 
many of the 1930s. 

The stage is being set for a 
right-wing push. The powerful 
and highly conservative Bungei 
Shunju publishing group has 
come out with a strong attack on 
Mr. Koto’s liberalism; the 
group has a successful track re- 
cord for discrediting leading 
liberals it does not like. 

.And ro give a clue as to where 
its war guilt sympathies lie, the 
group’s Shokun magazine is 
running a bitter attack on die 
New York Times for reporting, 
correctly, cannibalism and baby 
killing by fanatical Japanese 
troops during World War n. 

Japan has also been hit by 
violent, even if little reported, 
protests by uliranarionalists 
against any auempr by pro- 
gressives to mention or show 
photos of Japanese wartime 
atrocities in China in connec- 
tion with Aug. 15 war-end cer- 
emonies. The Chinese have de- 
liberately faked these alleged 
atrocities, the nationalists say. 
including even the undeniable 
mass killings in Nanking ia 
1937. Many on the LDP right 
support these protests. 

The Japanese right fears 
Beijing's rising power and 
prestige in Asia. Its not very 
hidden aim is to encourage a 
breakup of China, starting with 
Taiwan, for which it harbors 
nostalgic colonial memories 
and whose current president 
speaks better Japanese than 
Mandarin Chinese. 

Two very different groups 
will decide whether the right 
prevails. One is the conserva- 
tive establishment, which 
clearly would like to see a mil- 
itarily stronger Japan using U.S. 
strategies in .Asia, including a 
Taiwan Strait confrontation 
with Beijing, to piggyback its 
own influence into Asia. 

The other is a nervous elec- 
torate. Currently it cries ro ignore 
the policy debates. But a clear 
dove/hawk policy split over 
China, with Beijing making 
loud background noises, woald 
probably be enough to push die 
voters into making a clear 
choice in favor of the doves. The 
hawks could win the current 
political battle but lose the war. 

The writer, a former Australi- 
an diplomat, contributed this 
comment to the Internationa I 
Herald Tribune. 

m l 

y ; w: 

Ca±d-. i 



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fW‘ / 


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x * r - 
V* -.. c-. 
^ * 





B y William S afire 
W&S™!?- My claims 



uSLEF 1 ?** ** spot where as- 
ffonauts first set foot on the moon. To 

in an unobtrusive reference to 

1 T^Sl M y 1969 AD. - When 
someahen from a UFO lands there in a 

years, it will surely know 
mat the initials stand for the Latin 
Anno Domini and get the point that our 
first explorers feared only God. 

My mistake was putting the AD. 
after the date. Conrect dating usage is 

topur&C., “before Christ.” after the 

year and AD., “in the year of our 
Lord, * before the year. 

I may have goofed in more ways 
man one. In a recent column about 
what to call the Bible, I posed the 
question: Should it be B.C. or — in 
“ e * e ^®p c . e to Muslims, Jews, and other 
non-Christians — B.C£. % standing for 
before the Common Era”? In the 
same ecumenical way, the question 
anses: Should AD. or C.£., “Com- 
mon Era," be used to signify the rime 
since Jesus of Nazareth was bom (in 4 
116350115 °f calendar error)? 
What a mail pull. From Professor 
Harold Bloom of Yale, my Bronx 
High School of Science classmate 
whose landmark book “The Western 
Canon” booms across the Kultnr- 
kampf battlefields: “Every scholar I 
know uses B.C£. and shuns AD.” 

The shunning of AD. goes clear up 
to the Supreme Court Adena Bedro- 
witz. who has both a law degree and a 
doctorate in Hebrew literature, applied 



or What Year Is It Anyway? 

1“ «'«n. “In the 

v.r « J un. m tne 
SPjSS 1 :. wrote, ■ i was asked 
tf I wished in the year of our Lord’ 10 

or ° L mined ” She chose 
to omit Given the multicultural so- 

22 i? a i * e Uve in ' lhe traditional 
Jewish designations — B.C£. and 

6351 a wider net of inclusion, if 

I may be so politically correct.*’ 

That application form reflects a new 
sensitivity in Washington; a court 
spokesman said that the choice is only 

II months old. By nearly 2 to 1, other 

‘The year of our Lord’ 
invites the quay ‘Whose 
lord?’ and we’re in an 
argument we don’t need. 

scholars and some members of the 
clergy agreed with Bloom and Ber- 

"Christians could be a little less 
triumphal/’ noted the Reverend 
Charles Alcheson, rector of All Saints 
Church in Waterloo, Belgium. “Yes, 
the world has largely accepted the 
Christian calendar scheme that begins, 
a little inaccurately, with the birth of 
Jesus, but calling it the common era 
is not a great loss and could be taken as 
a sign of acceptance of others. It will 
not be lost on anyone what happened 
shortly before the year 1.” 

Disagreement is sharp, “it is one 
thing to deny the divinity of Christ,” 
observed Michael McGonnigal of Sil- 
ver Spring, Maryland. “It is quite an- 
other to deny His historical existence, 
which is what is implied by the su- 
perfluous switch from the traditional 
B.C. to the P.C. B.C£ " 

A Muslim view from Khosrow For- 
oughi, of Cranbuiy, New Jersey: 
“Jews and Muslims have their own 
calendars. Muslims have a lunar cal- 
endar reckoned from A.D. 622, the day 
after the Hegira, or flight of the Proph- 
et Mohammed from Mecca to Medina. 
The Jewish calendar is also a lunar one 
and is the official calendar of the state 
of Israel (This year is 5757.) The 
Christian or Gregorian calendar has 
become the second calendar in most 
non-Christian countries, and as this is 
the Christian calendar, I cannot see 
why 'before Christ’ and ‘in the year of 
our Lord’ would be objectionable.*’ 

Here's my lake: I'll stick with B.C. 
because Christ, in American usage, 
refers directly to Jesus of Nazareth as 
if it were his last name and not a tide 
conferring Mes$iah-hood. For non- 
Christians to knock themselves out 
avoiding the word Christ, when it so 
clearly refers to a person from whose 
birth we date our secular calendar's 
count, seems unduly strained and al- 
mort intolerant. 

AD. is another story. Dominus 
means “lord,” and when the lord re- 
ferred to is Jesus, not God, a religious 
statement is made. Thus, “the year of 
our Lord ” invites the query " Whose 
lord?” and we're in an argument we 
don’t need. 

Besides, if the year is not B.C., who 
needs a demarcation of the year? If 
you’re writing about the birth of Jesus, 
write “4 B.C . if you're writing 
about the year that B.C.E. was first 
used by Lady Katie Magnus, write 
“1881” without emendation. 

I’m for giving John Glenn, at 75. his 
wish to go to die moon, provided he 
takes an eraser and geLs to work on that 

New York Times Service 


ISRAEL: 3-Jffoy Talks Are Crucial 





Dispatches from White Africa 

By Graham Boynton. 289 pages. $24. 
Random House. 

Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley 

B ORN in England not long after the 
end of World War n, Graham Boyn- 
ton moved with his parents to Rhodesia 
in 1951 and soon came to regard himself 
as a child of that country: “Whatever my 
birthplace, it was in Africa that my iden- 
tity was forged; somewhere amid the 
rapid dismemberment of colonial rule, 
the wars and die triumph of black na- 
tionalism I became a white African, and 
will remain so for the rest of my life 
wherever l live.” 

But though those feelings have not 
changed, Africa most certainly has; 
when Boynton returned to Rhodesia, 
now Zimbabwe, in 1990, “I had become 
a foreign guest, and welcome though 1 
was, I found myself lurking self-con- 
sciously on the fringes of a society that 
had once been ray own.” 

The passage between these two 
Africas — one in which whites not 
merely felt comfortable but were firmly 
in command, another in which they were 
on the fringes, their power rapidly wan- 

ing — is the central story of “Last Days 
in Cloud Cuckooland." Boynton takes 
his title from an o ffhan d remark made by 
Margaret Thatcher in 19S7, when asked 
if Nelson Mandela’s African National 
Congress might someday take over 
Sou* Africa. “Anyone who Thinks the 
ANC is going to run the government of 
South Africa,” she said, “is living in 
Cloud Cuckooland.” As Boynton adds. 
“To be fair to Mrs. Thatcher, any kind of 
negotiated settlement in South Africa 
had seemed far-fetched in themid-1 980s, 
and tiie idea that the .Afrikaners would 
release Nelson Mandela from prison had 
bom too ludicrous 10 contemplate.” 

Yet in barely a decade the African 
landscape has changed so dramatically 
that everything Thatcher mocked, and 
much more, has become reality. 

To die examination of this strange phe- 
nomenon Boynton brings an interesting 
set of bona fides. On the one hand his 
record of support for black African polit- 
ical power and independence is strong; he 
was expelled from South Africa in 1975 
as an “undesirable alien” because of his 
sympathy for anti-apartheid groups, and 
he was friendly with many of their lead- 
ers, white and blade alike. But as a near- 
native white African he also has an in- 
timate understanding of the powerful 
emotions the continent stirs in others of 

that ilk, and he is able to write about the 
feeling that it is “theirs” with sympathy 
as well as dispas si on. 

As his subtitle suggests, Boynton’s fo- 
cus is less on black Africa's triumph than 
on white Africa's defeat The image that 
dominates his account will be familiar to 
most readers: * ‘three Boers lying dead on 
a dusty African street” killed one day in 
1994 by a black policeman, “a single 
picture that signifies the end of white 
resistance, the end of white rule, on the 
African continent ” As he quite correctly 
notes, “It is a small and pathetic vignette 
to mark so momentous an event and yet it 
is perfectly appropriate — a dramatic and 
pointless flourish that will be re- 
membered more for its symbolism than 
for its real significance. By the time [these 
men] had sacrificed themselves, the new 
Sou* Africa was already in place.” 

There is no false optimism in this fine 
book. Though much of it is lively read- 
ing, even entertaining. "Last Days in 
Cloud Cuckooland” paints a grim por- 
trait in which precious Utile hope is 
offered. There is no reason to believe 
that any other honest account would 
reach significantly different conclu- 

Continued from Page 1 

by persuading local banks to 
grant the Authority tens of 
millions of dollars in new 
loans, creating what Salam 
Fayyad, the International 
Monetary Fund's representa- 
tive in the West Bank and 
Gaza, described as * 'situation 
that is quite worrying.” 

Israel has said it will begin 
to resume the payments only 
if the Palestinians begin to 
mount the crackdown on Is- 
lamic militants that Prime 
Minister Benjamin Netan- 
yahu has demanded since the 
July 30 attack, and aides to 
Mr. Netanyahu said were 
bolding out hope Sunday that 
Palestinian officials might 
present evidence at the meet- 
ing to show that such an op- 
eration had begun. 

“We have reason to be- 
lieve that something concrete 
will come out of it, but we just 
don't know for sure,” said 
David Bar-Wan. the prime 
minister’s communications 
director. American officials 
have said they do not intend to 
comment publicly about the 
information shared in such 
sessions, and it appeared un- 
likely that any of the partic- 
ipants would do so either. 

It was at the urging of Den- 
nis Ross, President Bill Clin- 
ton's special envoy to the 
Middle East, that the Israelis 
and Palestinians agreed last 
week to use the three-way for- 
um to share any information 
they have gathered about the 
bombing and about the mea- 
sures each side has taken in 
response. By giving an Amer- 
ican intelligence officer an ar- 
biter's role, the approach is 
intended to halt at least the 
bitter debate that has raged 
between Israelis and Pales- 
tinians since the July 30 at- 
tack about whether the Pal- 
estinian Authority is making 
good on its commitment to 
combat terrorist violence. 

Both in public and private, 
Mr. Ross has told the Pal- 
estinians that the United 
States believes that more 
should be done. But he also 
raised strong objections to Is- 
rael's decision to resort to 
economic sanctions, and the 
State Department spokesman. 
James Rubin, said Friday that 
the United States was “dis- 
appointed everyday that there 
is not a decision to provide the 
Palestinian Authority these 
foods because we believe the 
decision to withhold them is 
counrenproductive. ’’ 

In addition to the CIA of- 
ficer, whose identity is al- 
ways withheld by American 
officials, those attending Sun- 
day night's meeting in the 
West Bank town of Ramaliah 
were representatives of the Is- 
raeli domestic intelligence 

service. Shin Bet, whom Is- 
raeli officials have similarly 
declined to identify. The Pal- 
estinian side was to be rep- 
resented by Mohammed Dah- 
lan and Jibril Rajoub, who 
head the Palestinian Prevent- 
ive Security* force in Gaza and 
the West Bank, respectively. 

In a sign that the two sides 
have resumed some security 
cooperation. Israeli officials 
said that Mr. Netanyahu had 
on Saturday dispatched an en- 
voy, Yitzhak Molho, to thank 
Mr. Arafat in person for the 
help provided by Palestinian 
forces over the weekend in 
tracking down the killers of an 
Israeli taxi driver. The driver 
disappeared Thursday, and 
after close coordination be- 
tween the two sides, his body 
was discovered by Palestinian 
police Friday in a ravine near 
the Palestinian-ruled West 
Bank city of Nablus. 

By Saturday afternoon, 
three young Palestinian men 
who said their plan bad been 
merely to steal the man’s car 
hod been arrested, tried and 
convicted of murder in a Pal- 
estinian court. All were sen- 
tenced to prison, two of them 
to life terms. 

But as they have for 
months, the Israelis and the 
Palestinians have continued 
ah weekend mostly to display 
the mutual mistrust that has 
plunged their partnership into 
rancor and recrimination 
since the July 30 bombing. 

Indeed, some Israeli offi- 
cials suggested darkly Sunday 
that, far from a gesture of 
goodwill, the swiftness shown 
by the Palestinians in convict- 
ing- and sentencing those it 
held responsible for the slay- 
ing of the taxi driver may have 
been motivated mostly by a 
desire to prevent what surely 
would have been an Israeli 
request to extradite the men 
for trial in an Israeli court 

For now, Mr. Bar-Elan said 
Sunday, the government is 
withholding judgment about 
the Palestinians' handling of 
the case. The Israeli official 
noted that some of the Pal- 
estinians sentenced to prison 
in the past after being con- 
victed of crimes against Is- 
raelis have managed soon af- 
terwards to escape. 

What was most important 
he said, is that the Palestinians 
employ the same kind of dis- 
patch in reining in the Islamic 
extremists whom Israel has 
accused of carrying out acts 
of terrorism. Israel's continu- 
ing suspension of the huge 
payments owed to the Pal- 
estinians is a clear violation of 
the peace accords signed by 
the two sides, and Mr. Arafat 
condemned it over the week- 
end as an attempt “to steal 
money” that “belongs to the 
Palestinian people.” 

Kabila to Mediate in Conflict 

KINSHASA, Congo — President Laurent Kabila said 
he will try to mediate an end to the war in the neighboring 
Republic of Congo, where fighting between rival factions 
has killed hundreds of people since June and crowded this 
city with refugees. 

State-run television said Mr. Kabila’s decision was the 
result of a meeting Saturday between Mr. Kabila and 
President Pascal Lissouba of the Republic of Congo. 
Since June 5, Mr. Lissouba ’s forces have battling with the 
militiamen loyal to that country’s former military ruler. 
General Denis Sasson-Nguesso. 

Mr. Lissouba was quoted by press reports as saying Mr. 
Kabila's government in Kinshasa was in the best position 
to be a mediator in the conflict given its proximity to the 
warring leaders in Brazzaville, just across the Congo 

Mr. Kabila said be supported the idea of an African 
intervention force playing a role in bringing peace to the 
neighboring country. (API 

15 More Algerians Murdered 

PARIS — Suspected Muslim guerrillas have killed 15 
people, including young children, in the latest attacks on 
civilians in Algeria, Algerian newspapers reported. 

“Fifteen people, including six children and two wom- 
en. were victims of a massacre near Douera. in the Blida 
area on Thursday,” the newspaper AJ Khabar said Sat- 

According to another newspaper, Le Matin, the chil- 
dren were between six months and 3 years old. 

In the Blida province south of Algiers, which is con- 
sidered to be a stronghold of Muslim extremists, dozens 
of civilians have been killed in recent months. 

According to independent sources, an estimated 440 
people have been killed in the past four weeks by rebels in 
different areas of the country. (Reuters) 

Brother of Mexican Aide Slain 

MEXICO CiTY — A brother of Treasury Secretary 
Guillermo Ortiz has been slain in front of tits house in 
what police called a frustrated robbery attempt. 

Alejandro Ortiz and his wife had returned Saturday to 
their house in an exclusive Mexico City neighborhood, a 
caretaker said, when three men approached Mr. Ortiz, 
fired at least three shots from close range and fled 

The shooting was the third murder of someone linked 
to the Mexican Finance Ministry in five weeks. First, a 
ministry official was killed after a high-speed car chase 
through the streets of the capital. And earlier Saturday, a 
government budget director, Jorge Banuelos Orta, 51, 
was clubbed to death and stuffed into the trunk of his car, 
the attorney-general's office for the capital said. (AP) 

Pakistani Admits to U.S. Killing 

KARACHI, Pakistan — A suspected car thief has 
admitted to being involved in a shoot-out that killed two 
U.S. government workers in 1995, Karachi's police chief 

Arif Yamin, 24, told the police while being inter- 
rogated on the theft charge that he worked with the 
gunmen who had killed two Americans, Jackie van 
Landingham and Gary Dwell. He said be had provided 
cover for the gunmen during the attack, the police chief, 
Malik Mohammed Iqbal, said Saturday, adding that Mr. 
Yamin had disclosed the names of seven other accom- 
plices whom police plan to arrest soon. 

In the attack, two gunmen sprayed bullets at a van 
carrying three officials to work at the American Con- 
sulate here. (AP) 

For the Record 

The final two victims of TWA Flight 800 have been 
identified through DNA testing, a spokeswoman for the 
Suffolk County Medical Examiner said. All 230 people 
on board the plane died. (AP) 

Jonathan Yardley is on the staff of The 
Washington Post. 

HAMAS: Islamic Fundamentalist Group Fills Political Vacuum 


By Alan Truscott 

w* *** -- — — 

Championships in Hamilton, 
Ontario, the United States 
teams seemed headed for 
elimination. The leaders, with 
four teams to advance to 
semifinal playoffs, were: 1st 
Russia 3 14; 2d Denmark 290; 
3d Norway 288; 4th Canada 
(Red) 286.5; 5th China 275; 
6th United Stales II 267. The 
United States 1 team and the 
Canada (Blue) team were out 
of contention. 

The last time these cham- 
pionships were played, the 
Danish team won the bronze 
nodal, and two years earlier, 
playing in its own country, 
was eliminated by the re- 

markable margin of half an 
im p. This time the Danes are 
challenging again, and 

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played brilliant defease on 
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made five well-jndged 

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queen of diamonds. West al- 
lowed this to win, his second 
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led, and West again ducked, 
his third good move. 

Another club lead went to 
the queen, and West played 
another heart. South won in 
his hand, and it might have 
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prevail by finessing in spades, 
cashing the major-suit aces. 

and exiting with a spade. This 
did not succeed, because 
Madsen had made his fourth 
and fifth good plays by un- 
blocking the jack and king. 
There was no way to give him 
tiie lead, and the game 

Denmark gained 12 imps, 
for in the replay the lead was a 
diamond and South had an 
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ported by the veteran Danish 
journalist Jb Lundby, who 
analyzed an alternative play 
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try leading the diamond 
queen from dummy at the 
second trick. West must duck,, 
and duck again if the club ten 
is led. But if South leads a 
club to the nine, which would 
be a crucial entry to his hand. 
West must win with the queen 
and later duck the club ten. 


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© New York Tunes/Edited by Will Shorts. 

Continued from Page 1 

al Qassem Brigades, is sus- 
pected of orchestrating the Je- 
rusalem market bombing Last 
month in which two kami- 
kaze commandos blew them- 
selves up, killing 14 other 
people. Hamas leaders deny 
any role in the bombing. Is- 
raeli investigators, after ex- 
amining the shredded corpses 
of die killers and sifting 
through every other scrap of 
evidence, have still not de- 
termined who the attackers 
were or where they came 

As Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. 
Arafat quarrel about what 
should be done in the wake of 
the bombing to reconcile their 
peoples, Hamas is quietly ex- 
panding its parameters of 
sympathy through a network 
of charities that aims to soften 
the misery of Gaza's poorest 

The Islamic fundamental- 
ist group, founded more than 
a decade ago as a militant 
faction of Egypt’s Muslim 
Brotherhood, has cleverly ex- 
ploited the hostility that has 
been brewing in almost equal 
measure against Israel and 
Mr. Arafat’s entourage. Any 
attempt to crack down on 
Hamas and uproot its under- 
ground military cells, said ro 
number no more than 100 
fighters, carries a serious risk 
of ‘a public backlash that 
could undermine Mr. Arafat's 
rule, according to Palestinian 
and Israeli analysts. 

Mr. Netanyahu has deman- 
ded that Mr. Arafat embark 
on mass arrests of all suspects 
and dismantle the terrorist in- 
frastructure to prove he and 
the Authority are showing 
foil cooperation in security 
matters. , Until that happens, 
Mr. Netanyahu says he will 
not lift the sanctions that 
block all Palestinian workers 
from entering Israel and pre- 
vent the transfer of $40 mil- 
lion in Palestinian tax rev- 
enues to Mr. Arafat's 

Mr. Arafat angrily rejects 
following what he calls Mr. 
Netanyahu’s “dictates." He 
insists sanctions must be re- 
moved first, because in the 
absence of knowing the iden- 
tity of the bombers, he claims 
Palestinians are being sub- 

jected to unjust collective 
punishment. But Mr. Arafat’s 
real concern. Palestinian of- 
ficials say, is fear about gen- 
erating sympathy for Hamas 
by caving in to Israeli de- 
mands and incarcerating die 
Islamist militants. 

Palestinian officials say 
Mr. Arafat himself has 
warned the Israelis that some 
of the Authority's officers 
would rebel if he ordered 
them to wage an ail-out crack- 
down on Hamas activities. 
Mr. Netanyahu has refused to 
accept this argumenL His 
communications director, 
David Bar Ulan, says what 
Mr. Arafat is defending 
amounts to “appeasement of 

But Israeli security ser- 
vices have warned Mr. Net- 
anyahu that Mr. Arafat’s pre- 
dicament poses dangers as 
well for Israel’s own in- 
terests. As much as the Israeli 
prime minister may loathe the 
Palestinian leader. Israeli se- 
curity officers say an en- 
feebled Mr. Arafat could 
open the door for Hamas to 
achieve political dominance 
in Gaza and parts of the West 

“If Arafat moves against 
us, he would have to confront 
the anger of hundreds of thou- 
sands of people," Mr. Ran- 
lissi said during an interview 

at an Islamic camp under his 
supervision. “Nobody can ar- 
rest all of our supporters. I do 
not believe Arafat is foolish 
enough to respond to these 
illogical pressures from the 
Israelis and the Americans. 
“Arafat has yielded before to 
such pressures and it pro- 
duced no political results. 
When they tried to weaken 
Hamas last year, Israel only 
took advantage of the situ- 
ation. I believe Arafat is wiser 
now because he finally un- 
derstands the tree character of 
the Netanyahu government.' ' 

After a series of suicide 
bombings last year killed 57 
people in Israel, Palestinian 
forces responded to pressure 
from Shimon Peres’s Labor 
government and rounded up 
more than 900 Hamas and Is- 
lamic Jihad aetivisls. They 
raided many Islamic charities 
and social organizations, con- 
fiscating computer disks and 
files. All but 150 of the de- 

tainees have been released. 

But Hamas has recovered 
from that blow. And as dis- 
enchantment has grown with 
Israel’s punitive measures 
and the abandon r signs of cor- 
ruption among Mr. Arafat’s 
ruling clique, many Gaza res- 
idents have found new appeal 
in Hamas's blend of milit- 
ancy and altruism. 

Ironically, Israel encour- 
aged the rise of Hamas during 
the 1980s to build up the Is- 
lamic fundamentalists as a 
rival force that would under- 
mine the Palestine Liberation 
Organization’s influence in 
Gaza and the West Bank. But 
Israel's support ended 

quickly when Hamas began 
funding and carrying out 
guerrilla actions against Is- 
rael's military occupation. 

When the Oslo peace ac- 
cords were signed. Hamas’s 
influence diminished as Pal- 
estinians looked toward Mr. 
Arafat to guide them toward 
prosperity and statehood. 
Hamas 's fortunes began to re- 
vive, however, as Palestin- 
ians grew restless and began 
to lose faith in the peace div- 
idend that never came. 

United Nations officials 
say per capita income in Gaza 
has fallen since the Oslo 
peace treaty from 51,700 to 
around $1,300. 

On Senfemlter o. I f J ( 0 (In' III l 
n il I publish <1 Sponsored Soetion on 

The Inter uiive 

• The convergence of communications 
and information technologies - 

a new industry emerges. 

• Solutions to tile problem of Internet 
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• Wei) T\. digital TV: the ne.vt addition 
to the interact i\e industry. 

• Telemedicine - how does it work.’ 1 

This section coincides with the ITUTs Telecom Interactive 
’97 Forum and Exhibition. For further information, 
please contact Bill Mahdcr in Paris at +33 1 4 1 43 93 78; 
tax: +33 1 41 43 92 13 or e-mail: -supplements( 




,e "»icar 

/'"■'v, * 

On Playing 
With Style 

LVMH’s Arnault Puts 
\ f Art Into His Business 

By Jennifer Steinhauer “ 

jW Times Service 

™ YORK — If he were the head 
or -n Amencao company, many busi- 
ness school students would aspire to be 
hmi. As it stands, many of them prob- 
ably do not even know his name 
Still fewer are familiar with the 
complat stories of how Bernard 
Arnault took control of an international 
chain of luxury goods stores, cowins 
his rivals in the process; got in the way 
of a merger of two British beverage 
giante; inserted himself into an ugly 
family battle for a famous French wine 
leg^y, and weighed in on whether 
re ame rs and fake blood were proper 
ingredients in haute couture. 

And that was just this year. 

" Mr- Arnault is the chief executive of 
LVMH Moet Hettnessy Louis Vuitton 
SA, the largest luxury products com- 
pany in the world. Its brands range 
from Christian Dior to Moet & Chan- 
don, from Louis Vuitton to Veuve 
Clicquot, to name just a few units of the 
$6 billion company. 

As conversant in complicated bal- 
ance-sheet maneuvers as he is in the 
nuances of French fashion, Mr. 
Arnault. 48, has built his business 
largely by mastering two worlds that 
few executives straddle comfortably. 
There are the products — and all the 
silk, scents, celebrities and advertising 
that go into them — and then there are 
the hardball negotiations that make the 
products his. 

Consider the tie lest. 

When interviewing prospective 
. LVMH executives, Mr. Arnault takes 
} the candidates into a room with 100 
neckties, some of them Dior, some of 
them from competitors — some of 
them, at least in Mr. Arnault’s opinion, 
downright gauche. They are told to 
choose 10. 

‘ ‘It is very interesting,” Mr. Arnanlt 
said. “Some choose 10 ties that are 
really die worst If be does that, then we 
move on to the scarves. If he is bad 
with the scarves, well, then he is really 
in a difficult position.” 

“It is like when you send someone 
to listen to a concerto and they don’t 
feel anything,” said Mr. Arnault, 
whose mother was a conceit pianist 
and who still practices Chopin himself. 


MONDAY, AUGUST 18, 1997 

r * v V'v 

Bernard Arnault, with the model Irnan, left, and his wife, Helene, at a Dior fashion showing in New York. 

Famous Names That Weave an Intricate Web 



.... Christian 
sChaMa ... *♦ 

"V** si Dior 

42% of 

Publicly traded 

Financial Markets; 
company reports 

11.11 of 



11. Hof 

* ‘It is as if they can’t tell the difference 
between the Berlin Philharmonic and 
the orchestra of Columbus. Ohio.” 

‘‘What is very important is the im- 
age of our brands,” he said. “Our 
products are about making people 
dream. We take ir really seriously.” 

Among the places Mr. Amauit has 
taken his dreams is Asia, where he has 
heavily marketed his spirits businesses 
for years. In 1996, LVMH bought 
Celine, the French leather goods com- 
pany, in part because he was impressed 
with the locations of its stores in Japan- 
Growth plans for Sephora, too. in large 
pan focus on the Pacific Rim. 

In all ibis, he is a pioneer among 
French executives. “More and more 
the French are trying to get to Asia, but 

they still have a pathetically small 
presence there,” said Paul Home, 
chief international economist in Paris 
for Smith Barney. “It is a long way 
away, and they don’t speak French 

Mr. Arnault’s role as renegade en- 
trepreneur has its contradictions. He has 
breathed life into French luxury brands, 
but installs outsiders to manage many 
of rhern. He raids American-style, but 
he hews to the French executive’s way 
of life, in which the arts and leisure are 
as important as business. 

■‘He is 100 percent capitalist in a 
country that has never accepted capi- 
talism,” said one person who worked 
for several years with Mr. Arnault in 
Paris and spoke on the condition of 

Baggage and Fashion i 

which' Luggage and leather i 

goods,designer fashions, I 
% i* jewelers 


| and k of Luxury Goods 

PS® Perfume retailers, 61.25% 
f interest in DFS. 

Group duty-free shops 

Moet Hennessy 
Champagne and wines, 
cognac and spirits 

anonymity. “And he has rubbed 
everybody in the wrong way. He 
comes across as a guy who is tom over 
being nice and being awfuL” 

Given the juicy names in his port- 
folio and the controversial ways he 
acquired many of them — his current 
attempt to out-duel Guinness and 
Grand Met in reshaping Europe’s wine 
and spirits industry is only his latest 
obdurate move — the fact that Mr. 
Amauit is Largely unknown in the 
Vaited States reflects just how dif- 
ferently the French and Americans 
view their business elite. 

In the United States. Bill Gates man- 
ages in certain circles to exude die sex 

See POSH, Page 13 

PAGE 11 

Kohl Reaffirms Vow 
To Create Stable Euro 

German Chancellor Sidesteps 
Calls for Single- Currency Delay 

By John Schmid 

tiuem aii pnal H erald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl, who has staked his polit- 
ical survival on the achievement of a 
single European currency, vowed on 
Sunday that he would ‘‘not sacrifice” 
the stability of the proposed euro to 
attain monetary union. 

“We do not want a soft euro, and I 
will not be party to this kind of policy,’ ’ 
Mr. Kohl said Sunday in a television 
interview from his lakeside holiday 
home in Austria. 

Mr. Kohl’s carefully phrased remarks 
reflect mounting pressure on him to 
reassure Germans that their new cur- 
rency will not be soft while sidestepping 
the politically explosive debate over a 
delay of die project. In the past, Mr. 
Kohl has said postponement would be 
fatal to the dream of a currency union. 

The comments appeared aimed at Ed- 
mund Stoiber, the Bavarian state prime 
minister, who repeatedly has insisted on a 
two-year delay of the currency’s planned 
launch on Jan. 1. 1999 if Germany or 
other nations overshoot the Maastricht 
treaty’s budget deficit benchmark of 3 
percent of gross domestic product. 

“If Germany and France miss the cri- 
teria, then a currency union ai the planned 
time is not possible,” said Mr. Stoiber, 
according to an interview in Saturday’s 
edition of the daily Bild Zeitung. Mr. 
Stoiber is a senior member of the con- 
servative Christian Social Union party, 
which is part of Mr. Kohl’s coalition. 

Significantly, Mr. Kohl did not di- 
rectly mention either die treaty’s budget 
criteria or its timetable. Calling die 
“stability” of the euro his first priority, 
Mr. Kohl refused to be drawn into foe 
controversy over whether foe budget 
criteria or the timetable deserved top 

“Those who believe that Helmut 
Kohl will give up his politics because of 
enthusiasm for Europe, that the euro is 
the most important thing and stability is 
second or third most important, they are 
fooling themselves,” he said, adding: 
“That is a price I will not pay.” 

The subtle rhetorical shift by Mr. 
Kohl, who in foe past has maintained 
that Germany could simultaneously ad- 
here to both the timetable and the budget 
guidelines, coincided with new indi- 
cations that Germany could not keep its 
deficit within the treaty’s limits. A se- 
nior Bundesbank official warned last 

week of an unplanned gap of 10 billion 
Deutsche marks /S5.43 billion) in foe 
1997 budget 

Mr. Kohl's remarks, however, do not 
appear to represent a policy shift for one 
of Europe’s most ardent integrationists. 
Mr. Kohl’s foreign minister. Klaus 
Kinkel, adhered Sunday to foe gov- 
ernment’s standard line, predicting that ■ 
the single currency would start in 1999 
and that foe “stability criteria would be 
strictly observed” 

“No one should be in any doubt” 
Mr. Kinkel said. “We Germans cannot 
come under foe suspicion that we want 
to bail out” Hitting backai Mr. Stoiber, 
Mr. Kinkel added: "Whoever tries to 
cast doubt on foe timely start of foe euro 
is harming the German economy and foe 
German people who are hoping for 

In the interview on Sunday, Mr. Kohl 
supported a proposal to reduce Ger- 
many ’spayrnents to foe European Un- 
ion. “The current payment level from 
Germany is too high, that's undisputed. 
And we must work to bring down this 
sum,” Mr. Kohl said 

Asked if he would be able to push 
through a reduction in payments with 
Germany’s EU partners, Mr. Kohl 
replied: “We must try. I’m not alone. 
But I’ve been able to push through many 
things. I hope very much that we move 
in this direction. 

On the stalled efforts of Parliament to 
pass a comprehensive tax reform, Mr. 
Kohl said he was willing to scale back 
his proposals in order to find a com- 
promise with the opposition Social 
Democrats. The Social Democrats 
already have blocked Mr. Kohl’s tax 
reform package once this summer. 

“I can say vary clearly, we are will- 
ing to compromise,” he said. 

German newspapers have reported 
that Mr. Kohl was considering cutting 
15 billion DM from Germans' tax bills 
in 1998, only half foe sum originally 

■ SPD Welcomes KohFs Tax Plan 

The Social Democrats’ leader, Oskar 
Lafontaine, gave a guarded welcome to 
Mr. Kohl’s new tax plans, Reuters re- 
ported Sunday from Bona 

“It is good that foe coalition is 
pulling its previous tax plans out of 
circulation. These plans were socially 
unjust and were not a sound basis for 
negotiations.” Mr. Lafontaine told the 
daily Bild Zeitung. 


jV;- . ' 


Germany’s Rate Game Gets Serious: Will the Bundesbank Pull the Trigger? 

By Carl Gewirtz 

/■t ternalional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Inevitably in poker, there 
comes a time to put up or shut up. 

And for Germany's central bank, 
which has played a spectacularly canny 
game with foe foreign-exchange mar- 
ket, that time has arrived 

The Bundesbank will have two op- 
portunities this week to carry through on 
its threat to raise interest rates to un- 
derpin the Deutsche mark. But analysts 
say foal an increase in interest rates is 
unlike ly because such a move could 
trigger an ugly sell-off in foe German 

bond market . , . . 

On Tuesday, foe Bundesbank is due 
to announce whether its weekly alloc- 
ation of funds to banks will be at an 
unchanged fixed rate, or at a variable 
rate — suggesting a desire to see its key 
money-market rate nudge above 3 per- 
cent where it has been fixed for foe past 

^On Thursday, foe full Bundesbank 
council meets after its summer recess, 
giving it an opportunity to spell out its 
nolicv intentions. 

In 'foe absence of immediate action, 
lC The suggestion that a policy change 

could be in foe offing has arrested foe 
dollar’s sharp advance and driven it 
down. After setting an eight-year high at 
1.8905 DM early this monfo, jnsr below 
foe psychologically important 1.90 DM 
level, foe dollar has retreated losing all 
foe gains of foe past monfo and ending 
last week at 1 .8204 DM. 

But foe likelihood foal foe Bundes- 
bank would cany out its threat this 
week, leading analysis said, was low, 
not least because the dollar has de- 

Nevertheless, foe mere rattling of its 
interest-rate weapon, analysts agreed, 
suggested that German rates would rise 
sooner than had generally been expec- 
ted — meaning sometime this year 
rather than in 1998. 

“The Bundesbank’s noisy campaign 
to convince foe market it might raise 
rates makes it harder for the dollar to 
rise,” said Ravi Bulchandani at Morgan 

“But I still think that foe dollar can 
overcome this threat for another run at 
foe 1.90 level and beyond” 

John Lipsky at Chase Manhattan, 
noting foe still very wide interest rate 
advantage in foe dollar’s favor and data 
pointing to continuing low U.S. infla- 
tion, said foal “the environment fa- 
vorable to further dollar strength re- 
mains intact.” 

Avinasb Persaud at J. P. Morgan & 
Co. was wary that foe dollar might be 
close to topping out, but even he ex- 
pected to see foe dollar above 1.90 DM 
before foe long-term rally ends. 

A major constraint on foe Bundes- 
bank in following through on its forear 
to raise interest rates is die interaction 
between foe effect on foe exchange rate 
and foe possible impact on foe German 

They are extremely sensitive to devel- 
opments in foe foreign-exchange mar- 

There is always foe risk that even 
long-term foreign investors pursuing a 

policy of portfolio diversification could 
lose confidence in an ever-weakening 
mark and its planned replacement, foe 
euro. At that point they might abandon 
the bond market. 

Germany’s central bank will have two opportunities this 
week to carry through on its threat to raise interest 
rates to underpin the Deutsche mark. But analysts say 
that an increase in interest rates is unlikely. 

bond market. 

Among the major countries, Ger- 
many stands out as having the highest 
penetration of nonresidents holding 
government * debt. Analysts at Union 
Bank of Switzerland estimate that 47 
percent of tradable public-debt secu- 
rities are held by foreigners. 

This compares to 35 percent in foe 
hands of nonresidents in foe U.S. mar- 
ket, 10 percent in France and virtually 
zero in Japan. 

By definition, foreign holders are 
more fickle than domestic investor. 

Any move on interest rates aimed at 
stabilizing foe mark and comforting 
long-term investors about foe currency 
runs the risk of upsetting players of foe 
yield curve. 

This is because foe distribution of 
bond holdings is unnaturally skewed. 
German retail investors, the traditional 
backboueof foe market, have been driv- 
en away by the near record-low return 
currently available and by distrust of foe 
euro that is scheduled to replace foe 
marie at foe start of 1999. 

The bulk of the holdings, both for- 

eign and domestic, are thought to be in 
foe hands of financial institutions play- 
ing the yield curve — borrowing at die 3 
percent securities repurchase agreement 
rate, or repo rate, to buy 10-year gov- 
ernment paper yielding 5.5 percent. 

Any change in this configuration runs 
foe risk of causing a sell-off in foe bond 

Although foe Bundesbank’s primary 
objective is maintaining price stability, 
which it defines as inflation of 2 percent, 
it could not be indifferent to devel- 
opments in foe bond market said 
Thomas Mayer at Goldman, Sachs & 
CO. in Frankfurt. 

That is because a sell-off in bonds 
that drives up yields would not only 
push up the government's financing 
costs but would also put at risk foe 
economic recovery just getting under 

Mr. Mayer argued that an increase in 
German rates was already overdue. 
Looking at current economic conditions 
to assess foe appropriate monetary 
policy, he said, “is equivalent to driving 
a car looking in foe rear-view minor. 
Monetary policy operates wifo a very 
long lag, what you do now affects 
growth one year later and inflation two 
to three years later.” 

Nevertheless, he added, “I don’t 
think the Bundesbank is ready to pull 

the trigger.” 

He expects rates to increase this year, 
likely by early autumn, but not this 

When the central bank does move, 
Mr. Mayer said he expected * ’a risk of a 
significant shakeout in foe bond mar- 
ket.” The Bundesbank, he said, had a 
reputation of moving rates aggressively 
rather than gradually. 

But the only way to avoid a collapse 
in foe bond market, he said, would be for 
the bank to move gradually by using a 
mixed formula in setting its money- 
market rate — combining an unchanged 
fixed rate of 3 percent on its standard 14- 
day allocation, and a variable rate on 
longer-dated allocations. 

This wonld keep foe actual cost of 
money unchanged and give foe curve 
players plenty of time to adjust to up- 
coming changes, he said. 

■ Europe Braces for the Bears 

European stocks appeared to be set 
for fresh pain Monday as the shock of 
last week's historic 3 percent Wall 
Street rumble was absorbed, analysts 
said, according to a Reuters report from 

“The market is definitely going to 
open down, around one percent," said 
Olivier Blitz, head of equity sales at IFF 
Bourse in Paris. 

Glitch Closes Personal Credit-Rating Site on the Internet 

IflMS __ tc Vm es Pttet B 

— " Aug. 15 

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The Associated Press 

L 05 ANGELES — One of foe world’s 
largest information companies has shut down 
a -Web site where consumers could look at 
their own credit histories after a technical 
olitcb sent some reports to foe wrong people. 
° Before foe problem, foe site launched by 
Experian Inc. had raised fears by consumer 
advocates that it would become a gateway for 
fraud artists and stalkers seeking personal 
information on foeti victims. 

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An Experian spokesman said the misdir- 
ected reports were foe result of a technical 
breakdown, not a security breach 

-We have put a hold on foe system. We re 
not delivering any on-line credit re P9Jf *JfJJ 
v ’ ’ said Martin Abrams, vice president for 
information policy at foe company, based in 

01 >35 re^m^out foe move prompted a 
sudden deluge of requests for reporte early 
Iridav causing foe breakdown, Mr. Abrams 
oH The site received 2,000 requests for 
sali JjLueen S P M. Thursday and early 
Fndav Mr. Abrams said. Of those^ ,213 n- 
were transmitted electronically. The 

company did not know bow many of those 
were misdirected, but planned io contacr all of 
foe customers to find out. 

Most of the 2,000 requests came bunched 
together in the early-moming hours, Mr. Ab- 
rams said. “At those volumes, there was amis- 
sequencing of the credit reports,” he said. 

The company will restore the Web site once 
foe problems are resolved, a process foai 
could take several weeks, he said. 

Experian put up the site after receiving 


15,000 consumer e-mail requests for Internet 
access to credit reports. 

For a fee, individuals can look at foe re- 
ports, which include information about their 
loans, payment patterns, past addresses and 
other details, after providing a Social Security 
number, a credit card number and other 
private information. 

The data transmission is encrypted to prevent 
electronic eavesdroppers from intercepting ir. 

Some consumer advocates contend that Ex- 
perian has not done enough lo keep criminals 
out. Beth Givens, director of foe Privacy Rights 
Clearinghouse, a nonprofit consumer group in 

San Diego, said ir was “too easy for a very 
determined stalker or anyone else who wants 
that information” to retrieve credit reports. 

Experian was formed in 1996 through the 
merger of TRW Information Systems & Ser- 
vices, one of foe largest U.S. credit infor- 
mation companies, and CCN Group. Europe's 
largest credit-reference agency. 

■ Making the Net Safe for the French 

Pity the poor French businessman. It's bad 
enough foal he can’t add accents to his e-mails 
because foe Internet computer network will 
not recognize them. Soon it may even be 
illegal for him touse foe word “e-mail” at all, 
Bloomberg News reported from Paris. 

France’s Ministry of Culture has published a 
competition inviting readers of its latest news- 
letter to find French equivalents for a list of 
English -words used in business and technology. 
so that official translations can be recognized. 

Three years ago, the French National As- 
sembly passed the Toubon law, making it 
illegal to use foreign words in business and 
government signs, labeling and document- 
ation, if a French equivalent exists. 

Anne Magnant, a spokeswoman for the 
Cultural Delegation for the French Language, 

part of foe Ministry of CuJntre in Paris, said 
the word “e-mail” has proved to be a par- 
ticular challenge. So far, foe French have not 
settled on a single term. Some say “e-mail.” 
while others say "message electronique 
“ adresse electronique , " " courtier electro- 
nique," and “ messagerie ." 

■ Netscape to Sell Browser Alone 

Netscape Communications Corp. is expec- 
ted to begin offering its Internet browser 
separately on Monday, reversing a strategy set 
last autumn That failed to retain customers 
switching to its rival, Microsoft Corp., 
Bloomberg News reported from Mountain 
View, California. 

Since June, computer users who wanted 
only Netscape’s most recent Navigator In- 
ternet browser had to buy a package of e-mail 
and other programs known as Communicator. 
Analysis said Friday that they expected Net- 
scape to reverse that tactic by lening customers 
buy its newest browser separately from the 
package, which sells for $60. 

Internet address: Cyherscape&ihl.cont 

- Recent technology articles: 

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Rage 12 



Dollar Casts a Shadow on Securities but Investors Remain Bullish 

BnJ&c Ken j 

NEW YORK — Treasury bond prices 
remained under pressure last week even 
though the economic news was friendly, 
and traders said technical problems and 
the dollar's moves could continue to 
weigh on the bond market next week. 

Traders and investors dismiss the 
Federal Open Market Committee's 
meeting scheduled for Tuesday as a 
nonevent. And none of next week's U.S. 
economic reports are likely to have a big 
impact on prices. 

The focus will remain on the bond 
market’s efforts to regain its footing after 
serious stumbles over the past couple of 
weeks, and on the dollar’s swings. 

On Friday, the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond’s yield fell to 6.54 per- 
cent. compared with 6.64 percent a week 

Amid all the concerns about the bond 
market's big recent losses, however, 
there was still a powerful undercurrent 

of bullishness among investors. 

Bill Stevens, a managing director in 
fixed income at Montgomery- Asset 
Management, said he still believed 
greater productivity allowed the U.S. 
economy to sustain a higher rate of 
growth without inflationary pressures. 

The battle between the optimists and 
those who see inflationaty pressures 
closing in will result in some volatility. 
Mr. Stevens said, with strong numbers 
possibly sending the 30-year yield back 
up to 7 percent. 

During the first half of August, Treas- 
ury prices were hit by worries about a 
pick-up in grow th, by a massive attack of 
indigestion after dealers bought the re- 
funding auctions near the highs, and 
most recently by the dollar's dive from 
its recent peaks. 

In the short term, traders said -par- 
ticipants would continue to recover from 
losing .positions they acquired before the 
sell-off. The process is taking time partly 

because the Treasury market has thinned 
out as summer draws to a close, with 
many traders and investors on vacation, 
and the bad positions could limit the 
market's upside until September 
‘T don’t think the data mean anything 
— it’s a technical market." one trader 
said. He expected Treasury prices to 


settle into a trading range because "there 
are not enough buyers or sellers to shake 
us out of that range." 

Last week, the bond market seemed to 
take some cues from big downdrafts in 
the stock market and in die dollar, and 
traders expected that to continue. 

Ted Ake, head of government trading 
at Everen Securities, said participants 
were trying to figure out the relation- 
ships involved in the summer activity , 
and particularly the relationship be- 
tween the bond market and the dollar. 

"When it all calms down. I have a 
feeling we will continue to do bener.” 
Mr. Ake said. But he said the dollar's 
deterioration was leading some inter- 
national accounts to sell Treasuries on 
any rebound. 

The dollar has come off its recent 
eight-year high against the Deutsche 
mark on speculation about a Bundes- 
bank rate increase and concern about the 
outlook for European monetary union. 
The dollar has also been volatile against 
the yen on talk about a Japanese rate cut 
and the uncertainty created by the tur- 
moil in many Asian currencies. 

Mr. .Ake said the dollar’s direction 
would be the key to the next move in U.S. 
rates. "If the dollar’s movement down is 
just a correction, that’s going to be very 
positive for us.’ ' he said. "If the dollar's 
movement down is the beginning of a 
bear trade, that's very negative for us." 

Other participants* pointed to the cur- 
rency turmoil in Southeast .Asia as a 

factor that could limit growth world- 
wide. which would be a plus for the 
Treasury market, or could result in sales 
of Treasuries by Southeast -Asian central 
banks preparing to defend their curren- 
cies by selling dollars, which would 
have anegaiive effect. 

Dan Seto, economist at Nikko, said he 
perceived the Southeast .Asian currency 
problems mostly as benefiting the T reas- 
ury market. 

If international investors think the 
problems u-ill continue for some time, 
they may see the dollar as the safest 
place to invest, he said. Mr. Seto added 
that the central banks seemed to be in- 
tervening to support their currencies in 
only a limited manner, which should 
limit their sales of Treasury holdings. 

Looking a little farther ahead, the bond 
market will take its direction from the 
pace of third -quarter growth, and in- 
vestors say there could be more setbacks 
in store if the numbers come in stronger. 

Last week's numbers showed a 0-6 
percent increase in July retail sales, in- 
djcaiins that spending had picked up. but 
not heavily. The data -also showed a 0.7 
percent surge in June inventories, a 
factor that could limit growth m coming 
months. The price numbers sun snow a 
rosy inflation outlook: producer prices 
declined for the seventh month in a row. 
and the 0.2 percent increase in consumer 
prices pat the year-on-year rise at a mod- 
est 2.4 percent 

The bond market was not able to make 
much headway on the friendly data, and 
investors cited feats that there could be 
more growth in store later in the quarter. 

The most important of the second- 
string d 3 ta expected to be released this 
week will be Tuesday’s July housing 
starts and Thursday’s Philadelphia Fed 
business survey for August. 

Traders will also be waiting tor a 
permanent purchase of securities by the 
Federal Reserve. 

Most Active International Bends 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
Ihrougti the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing Aug- 1 5. Prices supplied by TeteKurs. 

Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 


T3? AjsI ro 

i*-e 05-23.TO 993000 j.i>600 
7 021400 10* .0500 e-6000 

Belgian Franc 

217 Selgiom 7 04 TO** 105.0100 * 6700 

British Pound 

£7ASt-y Met 75 6 0010,99 97.5000 6.1500 

193 Fannie Yea 06 07.02 9S.8742 6.9500 

212 ^onr. A :.:q£ 4.J3 03.2201 96.2392 6.6800 

213 *m. Hons S.369 0? J 30.S0 137.1250 6.1000 

21 ? DSL T. 03/07/07 963750 7.3300 

:21?HL3 0*07/02 98.6250 6.9700 

246 St George 5k lm 7 •! 00/07,02 99.7563 7J700 

Canadian Dollar 

IWCansec 7-. 06.01.07 10922500 6.6400 

Danish Krone 

SDeirr./jrt: 8 031506 112 .5500 7.7100 

17 D*iK-.C*k 7 1M5.TJ7 1053000 6 ‘500 

23 C-i-g’h 9 11.1590 105.7200 05700 

25 De r rr.r, ? 05. 1 5/03 11 2 4300 7.7 200 

2* Cenr-.3'- e H I 5.01 110.7500 7.2200 

30 Denmark 7 1215/04 10s.7?00 65500 

24D*3~ary 6 1210-99 1021700 S.S3Q0 

37 Emits;' 9 17 1500 712.2200 £.0200 

iSCttVTC'k 7 U/.OIJ 1002000 6.9900 

1* Derma rk a 02 1599 1 02.-500 £.2600 

«7Eerryi 4 17-5 5. 02 >033000 55700 

7 i 3 tty- 'edit 3 Cs i 10.0 126 91 2000 65700!:->. 7 021 590 101 4200 6.9000 

:-'4 Reel -:redi» * 10*01.26 91.1200 t5500 

750Nyfcrw,« 7 1 0-01. 29 ft,. 1000 75600 

242 Mykrea.1 S»* 7 UWl 95.9600 73000 

2~ 3ea’krec*r: 7 10. 97 29 955590 73300 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Gner nz-f i 07 W 97 102.7129 5 2J00 

JGer-anv 07 04,27 101.9948 t.3700 

3 Gsrnonj 6 0UW 07 1021500 53700 

5 SundessOKgsTiar 4' : 02 22 02 90 927? 45500 

7 German y 6'. W26 06 104.2407 5.0000 

9 Germany £ 0121.02 1125200 7.1100 

11 Germany 2 072202 1136232 7.0400 

liGe-mony s’* 051205 1063917 1-700 

u Germany o’? 1Q14.1J5 106.1950 6.1200 

'9 Germany o 01.05,06 102.8233 5 8400 

19 Treur.cnd 7’: 09.09 Cu 109.8290 6.0300 

21 Germany 6- 01/04/24 97.9725 63800 

22 Germany 3*, 021999 37.9526 3 8300 

23 Germany r-i 01-03 05 111.7233 6 6000 

24 Germany 3': 0610-99 9° '300 33200 

27 Treuhand 7} 01 29/03 109.3800 6.4000 

2e Germany 2\ 09.20/01 113.0600 7.3000 

29 Germany 4’.- 77 20-07 98.3756 4.0350 

3i Germany S'* 7220 00 7 13,4700 7.2300 

32Tre-.-hand 7‘. 10.07.02 M24700 6.9900 

33 Ge-marv 5 ' 0-2000 173-3300 7.940? 

3S Ge-mcny 6; 57 1 5 03 107 0000 6.07M 

3s Germany t 02 14 06 1O2.0J25 5.2200 

3? TiMTSnd 71 1 120202 108.7276 i.?5D0 

41 Gerrr.ary ?: 0870 01 715.0600 7 MM 

42 Germany 51. 08*22 00 1 00. 1554 5.74G0 

43 Germary 5 08 20Q1 101.740a 4.9100 

46 Treuhcna 6*a 07 09,-03 7075600 6.1600 

47 Treunsnd 6 : ? 04 7X03 107.0000 6.0700 

45 Germany 5 05/27.01 107.7033 4.9200 

49 Germany 3': 12/18,18 99.7400 15100 

£0 Germany SP zero 07.0477 14.2500 6 7300 

52 Germany 2’-. OMB/Og 99 9900 35000 

53 Germany 6'a 011500 7055467 6.16QQ 

54 Germany 0V 8 0577.07 712.9700 7.4200 

56 Germany S’* 05/1500 104.7525 5.6400 

58 Germany B'9 02/2aiJl 712.6300 7.5500 

60 Germany 6’u 07:15/04 1087351 67400 

62 Germany 7 *8 1220/02 108.7448 6.5500 

63 Treuhond 6f» 06/11.03 108.6950 6.3300 

70 Germany 6*1 09/15/9? 105.5500 64000 

71 Germany S'.i 02/21,07 102.4300 5.1300 

72 Germany 6 06,70/76 97.6420 6.1400 

73 Germany 6L1 04/2203 10BJI767 67300 

76 Germany 5"9 11.71/00 1022000 5.0100 

79 Germany 8>i 07,70/00 717.9300 7.B200 

80 Germany 7 72/2207 101.2500 6.9100 

84 Germany 6 09,15/03 104.7500 5.7300 

86Treuhand aV. 05/1 3AM 108.1280 62400 

88 Germany Tbills zero 01/1*98 98.7165 3.0700 

90 Germany 8 1 *? 08/21,00 111.4900 7.6200 

92 Germany 
94 Germany 

96 Treuhand 

97 Germany 
99 Germany 

itu Germany 
107 Germany 
112 Treuhand 
717 Germany 
1 22 Treuhand 

124 Sundesoasl 
725 Germany 

129 Germany 

130 Germany 
132 Treuhand 
] 35 Treuhond 
U7 Germany 

152 Germany 
1 58 Germany SP 
165 Treuhand 
168 Germany Tbills 
7 70 Germany 
1 78 Germany SP 

190 Treuhand 

191 Russia 

202 Treuhand 

203 Germany 
207 Germany 
271 Germany 
275 Germany 
230 Germany 

232 CAP Creaif Card 
234 Treuhand 
2-3 Germany FRN 
245 Germany 
250 Germany SP 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

71? 11/11/04 112-5500 6 6600 
7’i 1071/02 110.3000 6-570C 
61* 07,07/99 704J500 6.1100 
6-,* 0570/99 103.8000 5.9000 
6V‘ 0X04*04 1Q5-5620 5.9200 
9 0172/01 1 14.0500 7.6900 

5 01/14/99 101.6900 4.9200 
6’ 1 02.24*99 704.4700 6JBOO 
8i, 0572/00 117.4900 7.8500 
6’‘ 07.79/99 7043417 5.9800 
&■% 01.70/98 101 .3600 6.54QQ 

6 17/72/03 7043750 5.7500 
9.06 1279/00 114.1200 7.9400 
5b 0870*98 102.1600 53300 

6 V* 05.70, *98 102.1 BOO 6.2400 
5'j 7070/98 701.8300 5.1600 
Sb 0479/99 103.0900 53800 
5 s i 09: 24/98 102.1500 53700 
6 7 t 12,0298 103.9300 6.620p 
Si, 08*13-07 98.7081 5.7000 
5J t 027299 1023797 53500 
Zero 01. *04.24 17.8000 6.7500 

5 12*17/98 101.6400 4.9200 
zem 10-17,97 993355 2.6900 

7 01/12*00 1063500 63700 
zero 07 0407 58.1670 S.9300 
6 t 06,25 98 1021800 5.9900 

9 0375*04 704.3500 8.6200 
7 1175/99 106.3400 63800 
6h 01/02/99 103.6200 67700 
6 08/14/93 1027200 62100 
7*4 10*2097 100.6800 72000 
5’, 0528.99 103.1600 53700 

6 0270 98 101.3000 5.9200 
5*» 087 5 01 1023600 5.4600 
6i 0226,98 101 6200 6.0300 
2.95 0406/00 99.7100 29600 
6 “j 0220 98 10U200 6.1600 
zero 07,0*1)7 57.1500 5.6100 

Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

162 Japan Dev Bk 6 1 *: 09,20 01 1203000 5 3*00 

185 World Bank 4'? 0370.03 115.1250 3.9100 

204 Italy Class 8 5 12.0504 1)9.1250 4.2000 

205 Sumil Spec Mel 025 09*3004 11 8.4306. Q 21 00 

222 ADB 1.65 08 07 02 993000 1.8600 

South African Wand 

74 Dev Bk Africo zero 1231 77 23000 12.”000 

Bond Funds Add Junk to Their Mix 

Low Rates and StrongEconomy Spur Relaxing of Credit Standards 

Spanish Peseta 

118 Spain 
134 Spain 
237 Spain 
249 Spam 

7.90 02-2002 108.9530 7.2500 
8 05-30.0J 1112025 7.1900 

7.80 10317° 105.3067 7-4100 
0415 00 103.7571 6=100 

Swedish Krona 

108 Sweden 
116 Sweden 1036 
145 Sweden 
164 Sweden 1037 
208 Sweden 
248 Sweden 

U.S. Dollar 

1) 012195 109.1380 10.1700 

10‘i 05*05 0011 1.9320 9.1*00 
e 02*0905 77.3640 6.1300 
8 08 T 5 *07 1102360 72600 

S’: 041202 59 A 570 53900 
6'.- 10 25 06 J? !W 43200 

4 Brazil Cap S.L 4'; 04 1 5 14 93 3348 4.8200 

6 Argentina par 5'? 03 3123 7J.J161 7.3900 

10 Argentina Ilia 01 30 17 11S3529 93900 

12 Mexico 11': 0515 26 1208267 9.5200 

15 Brazil 10 4 051527 9?^017 10.1700 

16 Argentina FRN t>. 03 29 05 51.0052 72600 

36 Brazil L FRN 
40 Venezuela A 
51 Brazil par Z) 

6‘t 0415.06 72 4561 7 4400 
6 ’j 0331 20 32.1559 £ 2200 
5>i 041524 71 1250 7 3300 

Dutch Guilder 

44 Nerrertands S\ 0215 07 101.0000 

6? Netherlands 6’, 07/1590 102.2000 

75 Neltwriands 5:, 09.1502 103.6000 

B? Nelhedands 01 15/23 1143S00 

51 Nethenands 7’-. 061599 106.0000 

93 Nfiuerfands 9 011501 113.8000 

1 02 Netherlands 6 01 1 S 06 1 03.2500 

1 23 Netnerionds 8’!- 06 01 0o 1203500 
127 Netherlands 7'; 04.15,10 174.9500 
1 37 Neihedonds 7 06 15 05 1093000 

1 42 Neihertanas S' . 01 :1 5 04 103.0000 

1 43 Netherlands 7 ' t 03 01 05 1 1 4.4000 

My Netherlands 0‘t 03-15. 01 312.7000 

1 65 Netherlands 7 03,15 99 104.5000 

1 74 Netherlands 7>: 11 .13*39 1 07.1 000 

1 77 Netherlands 8* a 06.1 5,02 1 14.3000 

’. 32 Neitieriands 8' 4 02.1 5-02 1 1 3.7000 

1 £3 Netherlands- <>*> 1 lilSOS 1082000 

1 ?6 Netherlands V., 10/01/04 111.4000 

197 Netherlands 8 'j 0215/00 109.2500 

206 Netherlands 7 02/15-03 109.4000 

226 Netherlands a'-j 07/75,98 102.4100 

231 Nemerlands SP zero DM 5*23 10.7000 

55 Venezuela FPN 1210 07 937500 ;j!000 
57 Russia 70 062607 102^22 9.7800 

59 Brazil FRN 6°» 01.0101 90.0625 6.5300 

61 Mexico 9 ? i 01 15 07 1082160 9.1200 

64* Brazil S.Zl FRN 6’x Q41S2J 67.000! 79000 
68 Brazil S.L FRN 6 '■» 04.1512 32 1912 3 4400 

77 Mexico parB 6*. 12311'** 30.J4J5 7 7700 

78 Mexico par A 6', 12 31.19 20.9963 7.7200 

81 Argentina FRN 6~r 03 31 23 91.0150 7 5300 

82 Brazil S.L FRN 04-15 0? 88.7200 7 3200 

85 Ecuador par 3' ? 02 2225 52 8750 6.6200 

95 Venezuela par B «J« 0331 20 ?2.'47S 9 2200 

101 Bulgaria FRN 6 1 ’ 0 07-2=11 7« 8001 3.3S0O 

103 Mexico A FRN 6.867 12 3M« °4.9375 7^300 

106 Bulgaria FRN 6 r -w 07 2824 30«*51 8 3000 

109 TVA ftia THi a 97.5000 6 9200 

110 Mexico 1 14 j 09 151a lifiJOOO 9.6000 

114 Holy 6-t 0927 2 3 97.0299 7 0900 

115 Peru Pdi 4 020717 66 7219 6.0000 

119 Mexico FRN 7.055 06 2702 100.1200 741500 

120 Argentina e>* 12 20 03 101.2070 8 2300 

121 Mexico par A a', 1231.19 SM5&3 7 7000 

131 Mexico par B 6'- 12 311? 80.2917 7 7800 

T33 Bulgaria 2'i 07,2812 63.9600 3.5200 

138 Argentina FRN 5.711 04 01 01 12« 7000 4J000 

1 46 Mexico D FRN 4^ -, U-7C19 45.0179 7.1700 
153 Abbey Nat TS a 041299 99.7500 e u200 

155 Russia 9'i 11.27*01 102.7500 9 0000 

106 Bulgaria FRN 

109 TVA 

110 Mexico 

114 Holy 

115 Peru Pdi 

11 9 Mexico FRN 

120 Aigenlino 

121 Mexico par A 
13) Mexico par B 
133 Bulgaria 

153 Abbey Nat TS 
155 Russia 

156 Mexico B FRN 6.83o 1231-19 97.0213 7.0500 

’?£ France 3 -Tjln. 
'35 France OAT OAT 
:£i France 3TAN 
104 France B.TJLN. 
192 Spam 
1 95 Britain 
227 France OAT 
235 France OAT 

49; 07-1 2/D2 
S’-: 04/25,07 
6 04 25-04 

5 03167? 

6 03/16,01 
6 01.31.03 
4 01 .*28.-00 

Bh 04/25/22 

8'*j 0315*12 




98 2910 


1 57 Argentina 

159 Ecuador FRN 

160 Argentina 

11 70.09,06 174.8750 95800 
3'i 022E15 71.991S 4J200 
e*; 05 09 02 104.4000 8.3800 

By Timothy Middleton 

A r 11 Kii> Tutus Sen i, t - 

NEW YORK — If you feel lempted by 
the double-digit returns being generated 
by the bonds of developing nations, re- 
lax. You might already own some. 

But if exposure to the highly volatile 
debt of Third W orld countries and some 
third-rate companies worries you. this is 
a time for vigilance. With interest rates 
low and the economy strong, bond funds 
are relaxing their credit standards. 

High-quality bond funds are adding 
junk names, while lower-quality fundi 
are acquiring more debt from emerging 

"This is fairly normal, to downgrade 
credit in an expanding economy.’ r said 
Michael Upper, president of Upper 
.Analytical Services, which tracks mu- 
tual funds. "There is less credit risk, in 
theory, and there is a presumption that 
managers will be able to set out’ ’ of their 
low-quality positions if the economy- 
runs imo trouble. 

Credit quality in high-grade mutual 
Kind funds has been declining steadily 
for two years. 

In 1995. the typical fund investing in 
high-quality corporate bonds had just 
5.4 percent of its assets in iunk bonds, 
those rated less than triple- B. according 
10 Morning star Inc., the researchers in 
Chicago. That figure rose lo 4.8 percent 
last year and now stands at 5.4 percent. 

The high-yield bond market is break- 
ing records monthly as more and more 
investors accept it. 

Nearly SI 7.3 billion of junk bonds 
were issued in June, a one-month record. 
Issuance in the first half of this year — 
S53.53 billion — is likewise a record and 

is running 48 percent ahead of Iasi year, 
w hen the' market set new- highs. 

With interest rates so low” — 30-year 
Treasury bonds are yielding less than 6.6 
percent — fund managers are searching 
for higher yields w herever they can find 

"Some of the im estment grade funds 
that could dir down into double B crediis 
— to cross over, as they say — have 
done so to pick up some yield in this 
environment." said Diane Vazza. di- 
rector of fixed- income research for Stan- 
dard ic Poor’s Corp.. which rates 

For example, shareholders voted iw o 
years ago to allow Oppenheimer Bond to 
buy lower-quality bonds. New. 20 per- 
cent of the fund is in junk bonds. "We 
fell we could get good return enhance- 
ment w ithout materially ratcheting up 
the risk." said David Negri, the fund's 

Shareholders were rewarded in the 
first half of this year. The fund's total 
return of 6 " percent made it the fifth- 
besr performer in Momingstar’s high- 
quality bond group despite having 
among the highest expenses — almost 
1.3 percent — of the top funds. 

Funds that specialize in lower-quality 
debt have turned to emerging-markets 
debt to bolster returns. 

.Alliance Corporate Bond, for ex- 
ample. has 30 percent of its asset* in- 
vested in junk bonds, and naif of those — 
the maximum allowed by the fund’s pav 
s pectus — are in emerging markets. 

“That percentage has gradually in- 
creased ov er the past year from 5 percent 
or so as we’ve seen economic’ devel- 
opments become fairly favorable to a lot 
of the emerging- markets countries." 

said Wayne Lyski. chief investment of- 
ficer of '.Alliance's fixed-income divi- 

Corporate profitability is extremely 
high, reducing the risk that junk bonds 
will default, managers say. The market 
perceives this risk as so small that the 
premium demanded by investors to com- 
pensate for the danger is extremely low. 

Last week, the highest-rated junk 
bonds were yielding an average of 87 
basis points, or hundredths of a per- 
centage point, more than the lowest in- 
vestment-grade bonds. That is almost 
one percentage point less than the spread 
a year ago. 

The experience of Prudential Diver- 
sified Bond demonstrates how improv- 
ing credit conditions can benefit holders 
of” junk bonds. The portfolio has been 
one of this year’s standouts, advancing 
almost S.25* percent in die first half, 
thanks in pan to a 28 percent reliance on 
junk bonds. 

"We've been the beneficiaries of sev- 
eral upgrades.” said Barbara Kcn- 
w onhy. w ho manages the fund. 

The growth of junk bonds in nonjunk 
funds puts the safest, highest-quality 
triple A funds at a double disadvantage. 
Not only do the lower-quality portfolios 
yield more, but their managers are also 
better able to react to changing market 

Of course, some bond funds manage 
to earn above-average returns without 
buv ing junk bonds. Stare Street Research 
Strategic Conservative, which Moming- 
srar rated No. I among high-quality bond 
funds in the first seven months, led with 
a sain - of 10.1 percent. The fund 
bolstered its return by addins stocks, not 
junk bonds. 

161 Fin Danish Ind 6’ 4 01 12 01 10Q 0750 6.6*=00 

166 Toyota Motor (,■* 07.22 02 7C.2»’4 63000 

167 Peru 3't 0307 17 59 2500 f.JrOU 

171 Shum Yip Cap 1.20 OS OS 02 107.0003 7.1930 

1 72 Korea 61 Pwr fm 5.849 02 OS 92 99 7349 5.SS0C 

New International Bond Issues 

1 72 kotm ei Pw fm 5.859 ’SfflS 5 jS Compiled by Laurence Desvilettes 

173 Credit Lyon fm L*.t 1231.39 95JOOO >,9500 „ 

175 Poland Inter 4 10 2714 36.0478 4.o50O _Amount 

175 Poland Inter 

176 Canada FRN 
179 Brazil • 

4 1 0 27 1 4 36.0478 4.o50O 

5>i 0210^ V7.B100 55100 
6 09 1 5 13 75.6700 75300 

Finnish Markka 

lSOCominerzFRN 5594 012901 99.5800 55200 
181 BCO Com Ext. 7’^ 020204 94.4206 7.6600 

105 Finland Tt 0410*06 109.1666 6.6400 

141 Finland 11 0115/99 1095877 10.0400 

French Franc 

83 France OAT 54 04/23/07 99.7000 55200 
111 France BTAN 4% 04/12/99 1015400 4.6900 
218 France B.T.A.N. 4V5 07,12/02 98.8800 45500 
238 France B-T-AN. 4'4 10/12/98 100.8400 4.4600 


786 ICeppel. 

787 Panama frn 
189 Fsl Nat Bk Chic 

193 Boyerlsche LB 

194 Canada 
200 Panama 

7 0611 07 101.9467 t.,8700 

2 08,12-02 975000 2.0500 
4 071 7.14 e5.7SQ0 4 t£00 

7 05/08-00 1015000 6.9000 
6*4 042507 100.0000 6.&300 
6 9 07.15-02 99.8493 6.7300 
3* 07/17 14 76.8125 4.8800 

Floating Rate Notes 

Bonk of Ireland 

Banque Paribas 

Amount Coup, 

(millions 7 Mat. s s Price 

5775 2007 ry.$U5 — 

5250 2002 99.97? 

209 Mexico C frn 652 12*31,-19 96^910 7.0700 Impend Chemical Industries SSOO 1W i 95.9375 — 

Italian Lira 

120 Italy 
201 Italy 
247 Pern ex 

6'-i 0101/02 100.1600 65400 
B14 07/01.06 1133300 7.7300 
101* 08/13/07 100.154910.1100 

Japanese Yen 

66 AB Inti 
154 NTT 

050 08/01/07 99.7500 05000 
2b 07/25/07 101.0000 2.4800 

210Portbas FRN Pi 07/09.02 99.9600 5.B800 
2)4 Olristiona Bktm Sb 07,10 00 99.7800 5.7600 
216 Italy FRN 5594 05.1X02 99.6B00 5.6000 
220 Brazil S.L FRN 6*** 04,151 2 84.4821 8.2700 

223 Ecuador FRN 6-« 02/28,25 78.8800 8.1600 

224 Brazil Cbond S.L 4'- 04.1 si 4 94.4335 4.7700 

225 NorddeutLB 3 02/1103 97500 0 3.0800 

228 Poland FRN 6'*v, 1037.34 98.0771 7.0700 

229 IC1 Invest 6k. 03-0702 100.0000 6.7500 

233 Canada 6^ 0530,00 10U250 6,4300 

234 EIB zero 11/06/26 73.8750 6.9900 

240 Argentina 1 0.95 1 1/01 /» } 08.7500 1 0.0700 

241 Abbey Nfltl TS 6'.i 0630*00 100.0355 65500 

Imperial Chemical Industries 5500 1998 '. » 99.96 — 

Imperial Chemical Industries S500 1999 “ 99.94 

Lehman Bromers Holdings S250 2002 0.30 99.785 ~ 

Toronto-Dominlon Bonk 

S300 1999 '•«, 100.02 - 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Aug. 1 8-22 

A i fwOuto af tfl* we* s ec&vxn-canj fmanoat evens, con&led lor me international Herald Tnt>um by Bbomborg Business News. 


Expected Seoul: South Korea and the United 
This Week States meet to discuss ways to 

open the Korean auto market. Thurs- 
day and Friday. 

Tokyo: The Administrative Reform 
Council, chaired by Prime Minister 
Ryutaro Hashimoto, meets. Monday 
to Thursday. 


Moscow: "AeroSaion 97." the 


Santa Cruz, California: SCO Fo- 

Conadion Imperial Bank of Y50.000 2000 100.00 



Central European Media SI 00 2004 9lj 99.845 " 


Credit Agricole Indosuez SI 00 1 998 7' i 99.9573 

Deutsche Schlffsbonk 5100 2001 6 foO'v 

re c.*' 3--iarm Ut o' urrin 2002, .vhen issue is callable at cor. member 0.75 
:.e- =ees '..-Vs. CencrjiraSeT* SIC.WC. fJ.P. .’/organ Securities.) 

7-e' j--srr !_,ca-. NancallaMe. fungible outstanding Issue, raising low amount rail 25 

S = eesC:£ : t Deicmlrctcns S'C-OCC. ;Banque c 0ribas.i 

2 -f :• - l sv. N oncoiiaWe. Fees OJB'o. Denomrnallons S 1 0.000. 'Deutsche Morgan 


*: .e-i-mev. *JS:r. Caitotte at oar in Sept. 1598. Fees 0. OSS. OenamlnatiansSiaOOQ 
”i-sn G'enieil ! 3-mcn* Lte:r laiiaoie tr car m?m IW Fees 0.05 S. Derwminatloiis 510.000. CDeutsctie 
ViS’ssr Gran ft*.) 

C.e.-:-m cnr*» Libor. Noncallable. FeesOJS^. Denomlnotians SlOaOOO. (Lehman B rattier.) 

Bela.v 3-mcnth Libor Nancdlcble . Fees 0.062SS. Deiwmlnolions SI 0,000. (Salomon Brothers.) 

Beta., 3-mcntn Libor. Noncollable. Fees 0.12S»>. Increased from 30 trillion yen. (Bonk tfTo*Yt>- 
AVtSutUvW ’ntl ! 

Moscow International Air Show. Par- rum ’97. Participants include exec- Federal Home Loan Bank s2oa 2002 6.711 100.00 — 

Aug. 18 

ticipants include Boeing Co. and 
Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. Rus- 
sian government is expected to in- 
troduce a new warplane. Tuesday 
to Sunday. 

Tokyo: Money supply for July; ma- Frankfurt: Bundesbank to publish 
jor economic indicators overseas; re- M3 money supply figures for July, 
turns on principal savings products; Earnings expected: Julius Baer 
trade figures for July; steel produc- Holding. Den Danske Bank, Ra- 
tion far July. diameter, Fresenius and Freseniu 

Holding. Den Danske Bank, Ra- 
diometer, Fresenius and Fresenius 

Manila: Second-quarter national es- Medical Care. Atlas Copco. Metro 

Aug. 19 


Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia 
releases August bulletin, which con- 
tains quarterly economic outlook. 
Earnings expected: Australian 
Provincial Newspapers, Capral Alu- 
minium. CSL. 

Wednesday Jakarta: PT Semen Cibinong holds 
Aug. 20 shareholders meeting to distribute 
bonus shares. 

Sydney: Department of Industrial 
Relations releases June quarter 
wage trends in enterprise bargain- 
ing figures. 

Thursday Hong Kong: Government an- 
Aug. 21 nounces orders-on-hand statistics 

for June; analysis of re-export trade 
statistics for the first half of 1997. 
Sydney: Australian government re- 
leases June quarter company profit 

Friday Hong Kong: Government an- 

Aug. 22 nounces consumer price index for 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases its 
input and output price index.for dif- 
ferent types of manufacturers. 


Frankfurt: Bundesbank to call for 
bids on the sale of 10 billion 
Deutsche marks in five-year, 4.50 
percent government notes. 
Stockholm: SCB releases July con- 
sumer price index figures. 

London: M4 money supply for July 
and M4 sterling lending for July; re- 
tail sales for July. 

Munich: Ifo Institute publishes sur- 
vey of business climate for July. 
Wiesbaden, Germany: Producer 
prices for July. 

Frankfurt: Bundesbank's policy 
council meets to discuss interest 

London: Second-quarter gross do- 
mestic product. 

Paris: Bank of France monetary 
council meeting.' 

Vborburg, Netherlands: First-half 
retail sales figures. 

Wiesbaden, Germany: Import 
prices for July. ' 

Earnings expected: Aegon NV. 

utives from Compaq Computer 
Corp. and Intel Corp. Monday lo 

Rio de Janeiro: Brazil sells 14.65 
percent stake in Espirito Santo Cen- 
tral Eletricas for a minimum of 
S99.5 million: Petroleo Brasileiro to 
issue S250 million in 6-year samurai 

Mexico City: Foreign reserves lev- 
els; second-quarter gross domestic 

Washington: Federal Reserve’s pol- 
icy-setting Federal Open Market 
Committee meets: August housing 

Washington: Trade deficit in goods 
and services for June. 

Brasilia: Brazil's monetary policy 
council, Copom. sets interest rate 
targets for September. 

Washington: Treasury Department 
releases July budget statement. 
Philadelphia: Philadelphia Federal 
Reserve releases economic survey 
(or August. 

Federal Home Loon Bank 

First USA Credl! Card 
Master Trust 

Hermes Europe Raillel 

MBNA Master Credit Card 

Landesbank Capital 

Tata Electric Company 
Tcrta Electric Company 
Tucuman Province 

Xerox Credit 

Nalional Westminster Bank 

Merrill Lynch & Co. 

S25Q 2002 6.68 100.00 — 

SU00 2005 6.42 9«.7627 — 

S265 2007 71'*; 100.00 

"S6375 2007 6.55 99.7816 — 

_ S150 2000 6'a IOO.Q&05 100.10 

SI 25 2007 Ti 100.075 — 

SI 50 2007 T, 99.611 

S150 2017 81*5 99.354 

S200 2004 945 100.00 

S4S0 1 998 zero 91.80 

SI 47.6 2000 5.40 100.00 

£300 2015 T, 100.811 

SAR7.500 2032 * Zero 244 

V 35 ,000 2002 2 100' j 

— Semiannually. Callable on 04.68 In 2001 . Fe« pat avalloblft (Morgan Stanley InTU 

— Semionnuoily. Nanajltabl*?. Fees 040 ^. Denaroinattoiw S100000 (CiwJit Agricole IndouittJ 

— Interest wUlbe6- ( until 1999. v.hen issue is callable at par. thereafter 7\. Fees not available. 
(i-Oiti merchant, i 

— Semiannually. Callable at car (ram 1999. Fees 0.I6S'.. Denummations 5100000. (Salomon 
BroTherc lirfl.' 

— SemlonrwoHy Coita otc at par hem l*W Fees 0-20^. i Banque Paribas.} " ~ 

— Average 0e i 65 = ,. Also SI 1 7 rmllion paving 6 -~. Fees not disclosed. tJ.P. Maroon 

,'f^uniiK I 

— SemlannuoKy, Co liable at 1051. in 2or J2 , .Donoidsan. Lu fi^Jenrettr Securihes.i 

— iWonhiiy. Avero-je life ~ years Private ota«mert Fees not di^tased. 1 Cctamon Sachs Irtl. • 

100,10' ReoirOTdatW 773 N on, callable Feesrtt=, iLei^an Brothers inti.) 

— ‘n’wil •.•.ill be 7- i- : untfl 1999. when Issue is callable at par. thereafter 7**v%. Fees 0325%. 

1 Barclays de 2aete V/edd ! 

— Smuonnaoliy. Noncollable. Fees 0 *5%. Denomlnaharts SloaoOO. (Chase Manhattan Inn.' 

— SemwrTnuoliy Noncailgble. Fee s 0.85V .fChose Manhattan Infll " ~ 

— Ouarterty. Average life 3 r> yean. Fees 0 756, (Bear Steams.) 

— field *•'> < c ; Reoheredai9lJ0. Nonariloble. Fees 1%. Deoomlnattans SiaQOO. iNomuro I mTT 

— Semiannuody. NoncaHgMe private plocemenL Fees 1 *■;%. (Merrill Lynch him 

~ Reotferoii at W.9i. Noncollable. Fees 2'rb. Of nominations C 10.000. (NaWVest Capital ~ 

MOfVTrS 1 

— yield 1 '• s > ; Nonca liable Pr oceeds ISO million- mud. Fees 025% (Hambras flont.) 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Mexico City: Mexico's statistical in- 
stitute releases retail and wholesale 
sales figures for June. 

Stock Indexes 

United States 
Dj Induf 
□J Uni. 

D.i Trans. 

S & P 100 
E & Find 
Mrs ECo 
Nasdaq Cp 

Nikkei 22S 
Ts^ Indus- 
C AC 40 

10426.03 19.604.06 
Xft.580 5.037.20 

00 ^872 30 

C AC 40 2.921 Aj 2W627 


DAX 4.15256 4454.15 

Nano kona 

HaugSenp 34V06 89 16^4754 

SscTP 957.1* ?72.M 

Money Rates 

United Sings 
Uiscawni rofs 
Prime rate 
Federal hinds rate 

Call money 
3-monfti inreiUank 

Bank base rale 
Call money 
5-month jnlrrbant 


Intervc nlwu rate 
Call money 
1-mamti Interbank 

Weekly Sales 

Pnnwry SftoiVoi 

SSTai EundHI 

, » N»nS * Hon* 

Sirawhr; 31.0 77*2 IJ1S0 283/4 

ceTJ^' 17 J17 - 7 149.7 

147/6 1.4282 Z».o 

ECP 8*73 6 5.V30.O 122/08 9453/ 

ToW •5.I29J, a<U4^ 15431.7 125804. 

SCvondory Mark C | 

fpns 38.141.4 *».oio.f ? » 

sourco- £»rcckw CeaeiBan. 

1 vcrUt ,ndw /*T.*n Vcratm Stanley Capitol inti Peraptvrftie 

Coil money -v'fl: 

3-month Intartunk yAJ 

SSM Aug. IS Aug 8' 

London bjh lixi 334*5 J2 3.7o 

Libor Rates 

, . , 1-nrniih 3-nwira a-montn i-mamti 1 _ 

, 5' - 5 1 -* S’ « FrentJi (ran.: j> , ’"“hi t moi.n, 

Deulidic mart 3 *j JJ-w. 5 j» grii 4'. 

Pauiwiowrima 7 , r, ^ J - 

Sources LtaicKBanK Centers 

Sv iHir 


i-\m in Hi.* lnh-murki*i 





PAGE 13 

Southeast Asia Vows to Weather Any Speculation 

For Now, Serenity in Hong Kong Suharto Pledges Tight Policies 


| 4 


HONG KONG— Hong Kong’s financial 
executives exuded seremty this weekend, 
even as the storm clouds of currency spec- 
^hpn began to gather on the horizon wd 
lenceL^ St0C ^ marIcet bracw * for turbu- 

TIk Hong Kong dollar is likely to come 
under some renewed speculative pressure 
JWJ ** ?°™*g week, but no dramatic 

, *® ^pected, analysts said Sunday. 

. some pressure may be building, 

but at the present time I don’t see any way 
Kong would abandon its peg,” 
saia Marc Faber, an investment adviser, 
refemng to the link with the U S- dollar. 

“f? T t™e being, it’s safe,” Mr. Faber 
added. It may weaken a little bit but not 

On Friday in the cash market, the U.S. 
dollar rose to 7.7495 Hong Kong dollars 
from 7.7470 dollars Thursday. 

But in forward trading, die American 
currency rose to a 10-year high of 7.90 

Hong Kong has kept its currency at about 
7.8 to the U.S. dollar since 1983. 

Meanwhile, Financial Secretary Donald 
Tsaag left on a scheduled trip to Australia 
Saturday at the start of a three-day public 
holiday in Hong Kong, while one of his 
deputies declared that any raider 
the mighty local dollar would retreat with a 
bloody nose. 

The Hong Kong Monetary Authority, the 
territory's central bank, would remain 
“very vigilant,” the secretary for financial 
services, Rafael Hoi, pledged. He said coun- 
tries in Southeast Asia that have faced a 
currency crisis did not have such a solid 
economic foundation as Hong Kong nor its 
currency reserves of $80 billion. 

“ITiis is a period of uncertainty in the 
Southeastern Asian currency markets, but I 
have no worries,” he said. 

Or Ching-fai, acting chair man of the 
Hong Kong Banking Association, said: 
“We are confident the Hong Kong Mon- 
etary Authority can safeguard the value of 
the Hong Kong dollar. The fundamentals of 
Hong Kong’s economy are sound and 

Mr. Tsang says he used $1 billion last 
month to defend the Hong Kong currency 

from a speculator who tried to make money 
selling the local dollar. Dealers calculate 
that the unnamed assailant lost between 3 
million dollars and 6 million dollars in just 
two hours when the Hong Kong Monetary 
Authority launched its counterattack. 

The operation seems to have been a suc- 
cess. but analysts caution there is do single 
act that can ward off speculators. 

In the coining week, speculators may 
launch more attacks with the profits they 
have made from busting the Thai baht, the 
Philippine peso and die Indonesian rupiah. 

Other gains have come from gnawing at 
the Singaporean dollar and the Malaysian 
ringgit, whose central banks continue to 
intervene to save those currencies from fail- 
ing below historic lows. 

On Friday, the Hong Kong Monetary 
Authority set down its first defensive line , 
apparently sensing that the region's 
strongest currency, which is currently 
pegged at about 7.74 units to the dollar, 
would be the next to be targeted. 

It increased interest rates for overnight 
funds from 6.5 to 8 percent, a move that 
makes it much more costlier for speculators 
to borrow funds to finance their assault 

Yet whatever Hong Kong does, a bigger 
problem lies outside its control — the pos- 
sibility that the U.S. Federal Reserve will 
increase interest rates to head off inflation in 
the American domestic economy. 

As Hong Kong shadows the U.S. dollar, it 
too would have to increase its own interest 
rales to preserve the peg. (AFP. Reuters) 


JAKARTA — Concerned by the slump in 
Indonesia’s currency. President Suharto has 
said that the country will continue to enforce 
tight moaetary and fiscal policies and has 
called for a curb on borrowings. 

“The relatively tight fiscal and monetary 
policies will be maintained until the market 
situation is calm again and the exchange rate 
becomes relatively stable at a new level of 
equilibrium,” be said Saturday during a 
speech on die eve of Indonesia’s 5 2d an- 
niversary of independence from the Neth- 

“With the appropriate policy and the 
calmness of domestic players, the exchange 
rate will find a new equilibrium in line with 
prevailing economic fundamentals,” he 

President Suharto’s annual state-of-the- 
nation address, traditionally a wrap-up of 
political events of the last year, was dom- 
inated by comments on the economy. It 
appeared to be aimed at calming market 
panic after falls in the rupiah and stock 
market last week. 

The currency was floated Thursday and 
sank to a record low Friday of 2,960 to the 

Its value has eroded by more than 20 
percent against the dollar so far this year, 
with much of the decline coming in the last 
few months as economic woes in Thailand 
led to speculative attacks on most currencies 
in the region. 

Jakarta stocks fell 2.37 percent on Friday 

World Bank Offers Aid to Thais 


BANGKOK — The World B ank said 
Sunday it has offered Thailand $1.5 billion 
in aid as part of an international funding 
package to prop up the country’s flagging 
economy, the bank's local office has said. 

“The World Bank pledged $1.5 billion of 
support focused on improving Thailand’s 
competitiveness and prompting structural 
reforms in the economy,” the bank said in a 
statement issued on Sunday. 

The bank will begin a mission in Septem- 
ber to draw up a structural adjustment pro- 

gram for Thailand, it added. “Discussions 
held with Thai officials have resulted in the 
identification of areas of concentration, 
which includes the financial and banking 
sector, export promotion, Iaborproductivity 
and social safety nets.” 

The contribution brings existing pledges 
from donors under an International Mon- 
etary Fund-sponsored rescue package to 
$16.7 billion. 

The money is needed to help support the 
Thai economy as it faces its most severe 
crisis in decades. 

to a 1 3-month low of 643.01 . The index has 
lost almost 80 points since the beginning of 
the month. 

President Suharto said he expected the 
upheaval in the rupiah to be temporary. But 
he added that it had an effect on the econ- 
omy nevertheless and called for a curb on 

Indonesia has long guided the rupiah to- 
ward a 4 to 5 percent ann ual depreciation 
target But Thursday it removed interven- 
tion bands after deciding that protecting the 
rupiah in die face of attacks would prove 
prohibitively expensive. . 

Mr. Suharto also said that businesses 
would have to become used to the absence 
of government protection on currency 

“These are normal business practices in 
many advanced countries,’ ’ he said. 

Mr. Suharto called the debt service ratio 
to exports “quite hi gh ” and said this was 
due to increasingly significant private for- 
eign borrowings. 

Analysts estimate that slightly under 10 
percent of Indonesia’s $58.6 billion cor- 
porate debt is unhedged. The central bank 
has said that government debt was $53.6 
billion at die end of March. 

Indonesia's decision to float its currency 
has been welcomed by Japanese funds, 
helping to reinforce their relatively positive 
view of the country despite turmoil in Asia 
as a whole, fund managers in Tokyo said 

And while Japanese funds remain wary 
about the latest economic trend, none said 
they had any plans to reduce substantially 
their Indonesian investment 

■ Asian Central Banks Talking 

Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad 
of Malaysia said Saturday that his country 
was discussing with others in Southeast 
Asia ways to beat rogue currency spec- 
ulators. Agence Franc e-Presse reported 
from Kuala Lumpur. 

“We are talking with a lot of people 
now,” he said when asked if the central 
banks in the region would get together to 
fight the decline in die value of regional 

Mr. Mahathir said the central banks in the 
region, including Malaysia’s Bank Negara,. 
had been in “some communication.” 

POSH: Bernard Arnault of LVMH Blends an Aggressive Business Style and a Feel for Products 

Continued from Page 11 

appeal of, say. Brad Pitt, simply on the 
strength of his fat bank account and financial 

In France, Catholic and Socialist tradition 
are the odd bedfellows that have joined in 
fostering disdain for the business class. And 
Mr. Arnault's hardball ways are particularly 
our of keeping with French hauteur, which has 
contributed — along with decades of gov- 
ernment micro-meddling in industry — to 
France’s sluggish growth, high unemploy- 
ment and squeamish participation in a glob- 
alizing economy. Only slowly are the French 
coming around to his ways. 

“For a European, 1 have a U.S. approach,” 
Mr. Arnault said in a recent interview — one 
he resisted for several weeks. “That is, I face 
reality as it is and not as I would like it to be. 
I build for the long term.” 

Between his many acquisitions over the 
years and his recent overhauls of the French 
fashion houses of Christian Dior and 
Givenchy, he has built himself into one of the 

most formidable forces in the world of luxury, 
a business that draws the lasting attentions of 
people across many slices of society. 

In the last 23 years, he has built an empire 
out of companies he pried, for the most part, 
from the resistant grasps of others, one by one. 
Bnt now he has picked one of its most au- 
dacious fights, against bigger and tougher 
foes. This time, the furor is over Mr. Arnault ’s 
efforts to pare down his holdings in alcoholic 
beverages. LVMH’s slowest-growing 
product line, rather than to add to his stable. 

While LVMH’s drink brands are patently 
luxurious — names like Veuve Clicquot 
Champagne and Hennessy Cognac have 
graced honeymoons and power lunches for 
decades — they are not nearly as profitable as 
bottles ofperfume, which are cheaper io make 
and distribute. 

Nor do they have as much potential for 
growth. The company’s wine and liquor sales 
shrank by 13 percent from 1992 to 1996, while 
sales of perfume and beauty products 
skyrocketed 65 percent and sales of luggage 
and leather goods almost doubled. 

rst doubled. 

The trend is continuing this year. Although 
LVMH ’s sales rose 55.4 percent in the quarter 
that ended on June 30. compared with the 
corresponding period a year earlier, those 
gains were largely from acquisitions and sales 
of leather goods: sales of spirits and wine, 
excluding Champagne, fell. 

So it appears that Mr. Arnault's strategy is 
to tap the cash flow of his drinks business for 
acquiring new toys. 

To meet that objective, he first must block 
the planned merger of two of the largest drink 
companies in the world. Grand Metropolitan 
PLC and Guinness PLC, which in May an- 
nounced their intent to combine into a $19 
billion alcoholic beverage giant. 

Mr. Arnault, who has longstanding joint 
ventures with Guinness and is a shareholder in 
both companies, has no intention of letting the 
two marry and leave him at the altar, a lesser 

What he proposes instead is that Guinness, 
Grand Met and LVMH merge their drink 
businesses, with Grand Met spinning off its 
food entities — including Burger King and 

Pillsbuiy — and Guinness doing the same 
with its breweries. He would hold a 35 percent 
stake in the three-way merged company 
(which he refers to as Dnnksco). in one stroke 
becoming a leading shareholder in the world’s 
largest thinks company, eliminating some of 
his most fearsome competitors and removing 
the liquor monkey from LVMH’s back. 

“This is an investment he has had for a 
considerable time, and 1 suspect this particular 
one is closer to the end game," Mark Francis, 
a managing director in New York for UBS 
Securities, said of Mr. Arnault’s liquor hold- 
ings. “Under this proposal, he will have a 
smaller investment in a much stronger and 
larger company, and have an elegant exit 
Meanwhile, he is investing in other things.” 

So far, Guinness and Grand Met have of- 
ficially told Mr. Arnault to buzz off, but the 
battle is far from over. He has increased his 
holdings in Grand Met to 11.1 percent and 
decreased his position in Guinness to 11.47 
percent — enough to give him the 1 0 percent 
stake needed to call a special shareholders 
meeting in each company. 

Is It Time to Get Out 
‘f Of the Stock Market? 

MARKETS: Wall Street Gropes for Explanation for Friday's Fall 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Investors 
who follow business news oc- 
casionally bear that a mutual 
fund has taken money out of 
stocks and put it into cash or 
bonds, or that an investment 
firm is recommending that its 
clients do so. 

Is it time to get out of the 
stock market? The answer de- 
pends on who you are, how 
you feel about the market and 
when you expect to need the 
money you have invested. 

When mutual funds or in- 
\ vestment firms decide it is 
' time to move money around, 
they are involved in a process 
known as asset allocation, 
which means determining 
how a portfolio should be di- 
vided among the various fi- 
nancial markets. 

As the stock market ahem- 
ales beween sunsing 
highs and sending the Vow 
Jones industrial average down 
247 points in one day, as was 
the Sse Friday, leaonstf 
analysts have very differing 
views on asset allocation. 

Standard & Poor sCorp. is 

among those ^ttng a 


i go g abov e ea45^t- 

suggested investors put 30 
percent into bonds, keeping 
25 percent in cash, which typ- 
ically means money-market 
accounts or funds. 

Earlier this month. S&P de- 
clared the “market is over- 
bought,” and advised clients 
that it was a bad time to invest 


more money in stocks. After 
the performance of the past 
two weeks, in which the Dow 
lost 565 points, this would 
appear to be true. 

SAP’s ratios are close to 
those of investment firms, in- 
cluding Smith Barney Inc.. 
Salomon Brothers Inc. and 
Merrill Lynch & Co. 

But it is important to keep 
in mind that it is the job of 
people who oversee mutual 
funds or make recommenda- 
tions for investment firms to 
get big returns while trying to 
minimize risks for their cus- 
tomers. They put together 
model portfolios that are a 
guideline for investors. 

Whai works for one cus- 
tomer may not work for an- 
other. The circumstances of 
each investor’s life and fi- 
nances — and maybe not the 
stock market’s levels— deter- 
mine how much money should 
go into stocks, bonds or cash. 

Continued from Page 1 

So. far, the declines have 
been largely confined to the 
bigger stocks. 

The Russell 2,000 index, 
which is made up of 2,000 
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top 1,000 companies in the 
country, is down just 2.9 per- 
cent since the peak last week, 
less than half as much as the 
Dow has lost And while the 
Nasdaq composite is down 
4.2 percent, me bulk of that 
loss has been accounted for 
by a few large companies that 
had previously been very 

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Movement Reported in UPS Strike 

WASHINGTON (AP) — As President Bill Clinton urged 
foe Teamsters union and United Parcel Service of America 
Inc. to “redouble their efforts" to settle a two-week strike, the 
union and foe company said Sunday there was movement al 
foe bargaining table. 

Labor Secretary Alexis Herman continued to play an active 
role in keeping both sides at foe table before a new work week 

Negotiators spent more than 60 hours in mediation between 
Thursday and Sunday. 

Israel in Accord with Bezeq Unions 

JERUSALEM (Reuters) — Israel’s government and labor 
anions agreed foal 80 percent of the proceeds from foe next 
public offering of government shares in Bezeq Israel Telecom 
would go to foe company, the Treasury said Sunday. 

A spokeswoman said foe wide-ranging agreement should 
settle foe issues that led Bezeq workers to walk off their jobs 
for more than 10 days last month. 

Under foe accord, reached between Finance Minister Yaa- 
cov Neeman and Histadxut labor federation secretary-general 
Amir Peretz, foe government will make its best effort to 
complete a public offering for up to 10 percent Bezeq by foe 
end of October. 

Tbe two sides also agreed that state-owned Bezeq, Israel’s 
main telecommunications provider, would raise 250 million 
shekels ($71 million) through a bond offering. 

Italian Police Track Unpaid Taxes 

MILAN (Reuters) — Italian tax police uncovered a total of 
1 2 trillion lire ($6.75 billion) in unpaid taxes in foefijst seven 
months of 1997, newspapers said over the weekend. 

The daily D Sole 24 Ore said a report from the tax police to 
foe Interior Ministry showed investigators found 12 trillion 
lire in unpaid levies on undeclared taxable assets and non- 
deductible costs. 

Violations on value-added tax totaled a further 2.8 trillion 
lire. More than 3.200 people were found to be evading taxes, 
either partially or entirely, the daily II Corriere della Sera 

Samsung Aerospace Posts a Loss 

SEOUL (AFP1 — South Korea's S amsung Aerospace 
Industries has reported a first half loss of 11.1 billion won 
($12.4 million) but gave no comparable data for the six months 
to June last year. 

The company said its sales in the period totaled 6933 
billion won, up 10.8 percent from a year earlier. 

Generation Xers: Tight With a Buck 

New York (Bloomberg) — A new survey reports that 
Generation X, or people bora since the early 1960s, is foe roost 
financially conservative group since foe Great Depression. 

A survey of 200 people aged 22 to 34 conducted at bank 
branches in New York, San Francisco and Washington, found 
that 61 percent are very concerned about saving for retirement 
and folly 90 percent are thinking about financial planning for 
foe future. 

“While Xers are savvy about their retirement needs, many 
are still unsure about where they should get financial help or 
buy investment products,” said Charlene Stern, president of 
Stem Marketing Group. 

NordLB Says Merger Plan Still On 

Frankfurt (Bloomberg) — Norddeutsche Landesbank 
Girozentrale denied a report in Der Spiegel magazine that its 
planned merger with Bankgesellschaft Berlin AG may col- 
lapse after foe Berlin-based bank found weaknesses at 
NordLB units. 

Der Spiegel claimed foe merger may be abandoned after an 
initial study revealed weaknesses at NordLB 's investment 
banking and large-client units, two areas Bankgesellschaft 
Berlin, Germany's eighth- largest bank, is looking to bolster. 

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PAGE 16 




Seles Defeats Huber 
For Toronto Hat Trick 

OmpUfdtnOm Su&Fmm Daparhn 

Monica Seles became the first wom- 
an to win three consecutive du Mauri er 
Open titles with a 6-2. 6-4 victoiy Sun- 
day over Anke Huber of Germany in 

Seles, the top seed, has won 40 wom- 
en's Tour events in her career and 


beat Huber, the eighth seed, for the 
eighth consecutive time. 

“This is my favorite tournament, 
that's for sure,'* Seles said. 

On Saturday, Seles beat Conchira 
Martinez, 6-2, 7-6 (8-6), while Huber’s 
semi final opponent, Mazy Joe Fernandez, 
retired hurt at the start of the third set. 

• Yevgeni Kafelnikov, the top seed, 
beat Patrick Rafter, the No. 8 seed, 7-6 
(7-4), 6-4, on Sunday in the final of the 
Pilot Pen tournament in New Haven, 

On Saturday, the heat and humidity 
had proved almost too much for Kafel- 
nikov in bis semifinal match against 
Petr Korda. 

“1 almost hit the wall in the second 
set," Kafelnikov, the top seed, said. “It 
was almost impossible to play, and I 
don't know if I could have got through 
the third set" 

Kafelnikov made certain that was not 
necessary by beating the fifth-seeded 
Korda, 6-4, 7-6 (7-4), as courtside tem- 
peratures at the Connecticut Tennis 
Center ranged between US and 120 
degrees Fahrenheit (43 to 46 degrees 

Korda had a chance to square the 
match when he reached set point on 
Kafelnikov’s serve in the second set. 
But Kafelnikov went on to hold service 
and win the tiebreaker. 

“I didn't play well all week, but I 
kept on winning,” said Korda. 

Rafter, an Australian, eliminated 
Greg Rusedski in a night match delayed 
an hour after a cloudburst soaked Sta- 
dium Court. 

Rafter beat 1 lth-seeded Rusedski, 7- 
5, 4-6, 6-3. Rafter remained poised 
while withstanding the blistering serves 
of Rusedski. 

He got help from Rusedski, who lost 
the first set on his serve shortly after he 
was called for one of several foot 

• In Indianapolis. Carlos Moya of 
Spain, the No. 5 seed, and Jonas Bjork- 
man of S we den, seeded 9th, advanced to 
the final of the RCA Championships 
with straight-set victories. 

Moya beat No. 10 Wayne Ferreira of 
South Africa, 6-4, 6-2, to reach his 
fourth final of the year. 

The match began less than 14 hours 
after Ferreira completed an exhausting 
quarterfinal match against Magnus 
Larsson of Sweden, ending with a 1 2-10 

Bjorkman dominated unseeded Mark 
Woodfocde of Australia in the opening 
semifinal, winning, 6-0, 6-2, to make sure 
of his first top-20 ATP Tour ranking. 

Woodforde, who defeated Andre 
Agassi in a 2-hour, 16-minute match 
Friday, then played a winning doubles 
match, was exhausted. 

All Blacks Sweep Rugby Series 


DUNEDIN, New Zealand — New 
Zealand started in dazzling style but 
spent the second half on the defensive as 
it beat Australia 36-24 to win its second 
successive Tri-Nations series, which 
also includes South Africa. 

Playing with the wind in the first half, 
the All Blacks scored three tries to lead 
36-0, but they ran out of steam in the 
second half and conceded four tries. 

Taine Randall and Justin Marshall 
scored from close range following 
scrums. Christian Cullen, the New Zea- 

land fullback, scored the other try with a 
dazzling run half the length of the field. 
But the winning margin was provided by 
the kicking of Carlos Spencer who con- 
verted all the tries and also kicked five 
penalty goals for a total of 21 points. 

Joe Roff and Stephen Larkham scored 
quick tries for Australia at the start of the 
second half. Larkham scored again with 
11 minutes to play and Ben Tune 
crashed over in the dying seconds. 

New Zealand swept its three-match 
Bledisloe Cup series with Australia. It 
has won all eight tests this season. 

Lari^avfiMk/lhr \ wnriiir dPrm 

Cameroon striker Patrick Mboma, left, evading Zimbabwe's Francis Shonai in a World Cup qualifier Sunday. 

South Africa Takes Another Giant Step 

National Soccer Team Qualifies for 5 98 World Cup Finals in France 

By Lynne Duke 

Washington Post Service 

Mill DiUm/Ajxw: France -Pmsc 

Thaine Randall of New Zealand brushing past David Knox,, 10, of 
Australia while Olo Brown, left, and Justin Marshall watch. 

JOHANNESBURG -Post-apartheid 
South Africa arrived mi international 
soccer's greatest stage when its national 
team defeated the Congo Republic, 1-0, 
and secured a berth in the World Cup 
finals for the first time. 

The victoiy Saturday of South Africa’s 
national soccer team, affectionately 
known here as Bafana-Bafana — mean- 
ing “The Boys” in the Zulu language — 
marks another step in South Africa's 
attempt to establish world-class sporting 
bona fides in this new era of black- 
majority democracy, which dawned in 
1 994 with the first all-races elections and 
the end of apartheid, or white minority 

The victory also could improve South 
Africa's chances of becoming the first 
African nation to host a world Cup 

The match, in the FNB Stadium also 
known as “Soccer City" in the Soweto 
section of Johannesburg, drew a heav- 
ing crowd well above the 80,000 ca- 
pacity of the stadium. 

South Africa, which was banned 
from world soccer from 1966 until 1994 
as an expression of international op- 
position to the nation’s systematic re- 
pression of blacks, needed only a tie 
against the Red Devils of Congo to 
secure a place in the World Cup finals, 
which wlU be held in France next year. 

The winning goal came 14 minutes 
into the game when midfielder Doctor 
Khumalo, who plays for Major League 
Soccer’s Columbus Crew, made an in- 
terception and passed to striker Phil 

Mas mg a. who blasted a shot just under 
the crossbar and past the reaching hands 
of Congo’s goalie, Brice Samba. 

“This is a day for all South Africans," 
the team’s coach, Clive Barker, said. 
‘ ‘We dedicate this match to all the players 
of the past who were denied the 'op- 
portunity to play international footbalL” 

The victoiy sent die crowd into a 
frenzy of celebratory stomping and 
chanting in die kind of sport-inspired 
cross-racial festivals that have become 
symbols of the racial reconciliation that 
President Nelson Mandela has attempt- 
ed to foster. 

South Africa's sports madness 
crosses racial lines ana has become a 
key feature in the post-apartheid era, in 
which people of all kinds thrive on the 
nation's newfound successes in the in- 
ternational arena. Such was the case 
with South Africa's hosting of. and vic- 
tory in. the Rugby World Cup in 1995, 
when a sport that historically has been a 
bastion of the white minority was cel- 
ebrated by all, no matter the hue. 

Last year. South Africa emerged fur- 
ther into international sport in the 
Olympic Games, where the last of its 
five medals came with the surprising 
gold won by marathoner Josia Thug- 
wane, then a humble maintenance man 
and shack dweller, who became an in- 
stant can-do symbol for the nation. 

That same year. South Africa hosted, 
and won, the Africa Cup of Nations 
soccer finals. 

Of ail the sports played in South 
Africa, soccer is king. It is the sport of the 
people — meaning die black people, who 
are the majority in this nation of 40 
million. But because the black majority 

continues to labor under the socioeco- 
nomic disadvantages that are the vestiges 
of white minority rule, the head of the 
South African 'Football Association, 
Danny Jordaan, said Saturday drat a per- 
centage of the roughly S761 ,000 awarded 
it from FIFA will go toward development 
of future world-class soccer players. 

The victoiy Saturday over Congo Re- 
public. with whom South Africa had 
been tied for first in Africa's Group 3, 
clinched a place in the finals in France. 

The last time South Africa and Congo 
met, in April in Points Noire, Congo, the 
home team won amid much invective 
because of South Africa's later alle- 
gations of foul and overly rough play. 
One South Africa player. Mark Fishl was 
sent to the sideline with blood streaming 
down his face. And Bafana Bafana were 
upset at being forced to practice in what 
they' called a ‘ ‘cabbage patch, ’ ’ and with 
then' movements being restricted by 
gun-wielding Congolese soldiers. 

Congo's Red Devils had their turn to 
complain when they arrived last week in 
Johannesburg. They rejected the hotel 
that had booked for their stay, saying it 
was in a seedy and crime-ridden part of 
town. Instead^ they checked into a lux=. 
ury. suburban hotel — to the complaints 
of South .African officials, who initially 
told the media they did not know where 
the Red Devils were. 

South Africans, whose nation is a 
final-five contender to host the 2004 
Summer Olympic Gaines in Cape Town, 
showed their spite Saturday at Soccer 
City by booing after a choir sang the 
Congolese national anthem. And then, 
after their latest victory, they partied in 
the streets outside the stadium. 

Tops Group 
To Continue 
Its Streak 

Cameroon became the first African 
nation to reach three consecutive World 
Cup tournaments when it secured a 
place in France next summer with a *•-! 
victory over Zimbabwe on Sunday in 

Harare. . , , . , 

Nigeria, Tunisia, South Africa and 
Morocco had already clinched four of 

Woiid Soccer 

the five African places in the finals by 
winning their qualifying groups. 

Cameroon entered the final day of 
qualifying play on the continent two 
points ahead or Angola in Group 4. 

Angola was held, 1-1. in Togo and 
had to settle for second spot. 

Patrick Mboma was Cameroon's he- 
ro, scoring twice within 11 minutes 
early in the second half. The former 
Paris Saint-Germain striker, now based 
In Japan, had already scored four qual- 
ifying goals and he punished the 
lackluster Zimbabweans with two long- 
range goals. 

The Indomitable Lions always 
looked like winners and the outstanding 
midfielder Bernard Tchoutang twice hu 
the frame of the goal. 

Edelbert Dinha scored a late goal for 

FRANCE Croatian striker Robert Spe- 
har scored 14 minutes into his debut for 
Monaco and Victor Ikpeba scored twice 
as the champion beat host Lyon, 3-0, 

Monaco, which signed Spehar 48 
hours earlier, won for the first time this 
season and is five points behind Paris 
Saint-Germain and Metz. 

PSG went to the iop on goal dif- 
ference as two former Lyon players, 
Franck Gava and Florian Maurice, in- 
spired a 3-1 home victory over 

Maurice set up the first goal for 
Marco Simone and Gava scored the 
second after Cannes tied on a penalty 
kick, by Brian Jensen. 

Rai. PSG’s Brazilian captain, scored 
the third goal in the 89th minute to lift 
his clnb above Metz, 2-1 , the winner at 
Chateauroux on Friday. 

Scotland Celtic's disastrous start to 
the season continued Saturday when it 
lost, 2-1, ai home to Dunfermline in 
Scotland's Premier Division. 

Newly promoted Sl Johnstone ad? 
vanced to the top of the rankings after 
winning, 1-0, at Motherwell. 

On Saturday, Celtic went ahead in the 
40th minute with an Andreas Thom 
penalty kick after Henrik Larsson was 
fouled by Hamish French. 

A minute into the second half, David 
Bingham evened the score. 

French made amends for his earlier 
foul 13 minutes from the end. of reg- 
ulationtime by hitting the winner from a 
penalty spot after Maiky Mackay had 
felled Allan Moore in the box. 

The result left Celtic at the bottom of 
the Premier Division. 




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8 1 



1» 81*— 4 

4 1 

RoJotmsan and Do.Wto «v Kamieniecfci. 
A-Benlle* (8). RaMyerc (9) and Webster. 
W — Kamfemeckl 8-5. L— RdJahrwm, 16-4. 
Sv— -RaMyers (351. HRs— Seattle. 

Do.Wflson 01). BaMmon:, RetouKt (3), 
Hammonds 07) 

Second game 

Seattle 201 030 020—0 13 0 

Bfltthmre on 000 100-3 4 fl 

Claude, Spa|artc (7), TimQn (B), Slocumb (9) 
and Monona Key, Bcdde IS). Te-Mattrews 
(®. MBs (91 and Hailes. W-Oouda 1-1. 
U— Key, 13-7. HRs— Seattle. A. Rodriguez 
(17). Griffey Jr 08). Buhner (28). 

Toronto 101 000 002 0-4 11 0 

Ctotrehnd 211 ON ON 1—5 10 2 

Person, Plesac IS). QuantriJ! (6), Qabfree 
(81 and B5anttacja, QrBiten (0); Colon. 
MJackson (7), Mesa (9 ), Assetinracfter (101 
and SAtanar. W— Assennracher, 4-0. 
L— Crabtree. 2a HRs— Cleveland. Giles 
06). Thome (32), Branson 12). 

Mkmesafa 003 ON 002 0-4 8 0 

Boston 0« 003 010 1-5 11 1 

Fr.Rodrfguez. Swfnde* (4, Trombley (9), 
Guardado (10) and Stelnbadv Gordon, 
B -Henry (B), Coni (0). Lacy (10) and 
Hatteberg. W— Lacy, 1-1. L~Go<udada 0-4. 
Kmnsatr o« too on— s io i 

Detroit 000 201 000-3 6 1 

Rusch. Carrasco (6). Casiafl IB), Olson (81. 
J. Montgomery (9) and Ml-Sweeney; 
Ju.Thompson, NUcefi (7) and Casanova. 
W— Rusdv 5-8. L—Ju. Thompson, 11-9. 
Sv— J. Montgomery (9). HRs— Kansas City. 
Dye (4). Detrait Easley (19). 

Terns 000 200 000—2 S 0 

New York no sis 2Cfc-5 12 1 

Te-dark, Bate. (71. H effing (7) and I. 
Rodriguez; Gooden. Stanton (7), M. Rivera 
(9) and Posada. W— Gooden, 0-4. 
L— TfcCknK. 14- Sv-M. Rivera (38). 
Oflkknd 100 052 301 — 17 14 I 

Chicago 101 en M2 — o 8 1 

Haynes. T. J .Mathews (6), DJotmsan (8), 
MoNer (9) and Maynw Baldwin T. CoslUlo 

(4), Faufke (7}ond Fabregrzs. W— Haynes, l- 
Z L— Baldwin, 8-13. HRs-OaUond. Stabs 
(19), Giambi (14). Ctocaga Cameron 2 (12). 
Anaheim 001 111 100—5 to 0 

Milwaukee MI 101 000-3 9 2 

C-Finley. P. Haris (8), Perdvol (9) and 
Td-Greetw: Rone. Davis (8). Wrckman (71. 
Da Jones (9) and Matheny. W-C Finley, 13- 
6. L— Ftorte, 3-4. Sv— Perctval (20). 

Pittsburgh ON 131 neo-s 13 l 

Florida IN 110 012-4 12 0 

Schmidt. Christiansen (7), P.Wogner (7), 
Rincon (7). M.WHUns (8), Ruetoei (8). 
Loiseile (9) ond Kendo It LHemandez. 
F -Heretic 15). Sturdier (6), Cook (7). Vosberg 
(91 Powell (9) and CJohnoMt. W—Pmrefl. 4- 
2. L— Uilsate 1-3. HRs— Pittsburgh. 
E.WMams (2). Florida. D. White Cl). 
PtiKadetpHa 0M 100 013-5 8 0 

Houston 018 000 089-1 5 0 

SrJv&ng. BcrtnRco (9) and Ueberthafc H oil 
R. Springer (9) and Ausmus. W— Miffing, 
T3-10. L— Halt, 7-9. HRs-PhfladetphJa 

Bragna 2 (15). 

Atlanta NO 020 008 000-2 i 0 

St. Loots ON ON 002 001—3 7 • 

(72 inningsJKHavIm. WohtefS (9), Erabree 
(10). C. Fa* (10), Gather (12) and J.Lapez; 
Aybar, Beltran (7), Frascatore (9). Fossas 
Om. Edcersley (11). C tang (12) and 
DHettce, Lumpkin (10). W-C. King, 1-0. 
L— Gather. 0-1 HRs-Attanta Tucker 0»>. 
St. Louis, DeShlefds fit), McGwire (5). 

New Yard ON 020 000-2 8 1 

Colorado 021 ON 21*— 4 12 0 

R-Recd, Udle (73, Wendell (8) and 

Hundleys' FCostffla DeJean (8). Dipdto (9) 
and Monitoring. W— F. Castfla 9-10. L— ft. 
Reed. 104. HRs-Calarodo. L Walker (36). 
Costa la (30). 

Chicago ON OH 100-1 4 3 

Saa Diego 002 210 OOst-5 10 1 

T ratted. Batista 16), Ffitiatto (9 and 
Servos; Hitchcock and Flaherty. 

W— Hitchcock, 8-7. L— TrachseL 5- ID. 

HRs— Son Diego. Caminlll (IS), Flaherty (8). 
Montreal ON NO 101— 2 9 ! 

San Francisco 181 112 SOB— 4 10 1 

MUahnson DeHart (SL MVaktas (7) and 
Widgen Rvefer. Tavarez (8) and B. Jalmsoa 
W— Ruetet 9-5. L-MUohnson, 0-1, 
HRs — Montreal Widget (71. Son Francisco. 
Bonds 09), Kent (74j. 

Ondnotf 010 300 100-5 7 0 

Los Angetos 300 ON 000—3 7 0 

RemOngeb Sullhnm (7). BeBnda (BL Straw 
(9) and Taubensee; Astoria, Dretfart IS). Hall 
(8) and Piazza. W— RetnJUnger, 6-4. 
L— Astoda, 7-9. Sv— Straw (24). 


Toronto 200 200 000-4 7 1 

Ctovetaad 010 ON 4i*-« i« 2 

Hentgen, Plesac (7). QaantrlB (7). Janzen 
(8) and OBrierc Judea Shoey (4) and 
Borders. W-Shuey, 3-1. L-QuanME S-5. 
HRs— Cleveland, Thome (33). WBtoms 06), 
Grissom (7). 

Tens 003 ON 110 3-8 14 0 
New York ON 012 110 0-5 4 3 
Oliver, Whiteside (4). Gunderson (7). 
Patterson (71, Wettekmd (9) and Leyrifc 
Rodriguez (8); PeltBte. Nelson (7L Rivera (9), 
Mendoza (101 and Gfrardi. W— Wettcfcnd, 7- 
2. L— Mendoza. 4-5. HRs— Texas, Stevens 
(13). New York Curbs (11). 

Seattle 201 201 500-11 II 0 

Chicago NO AM 011— 0 12 1 

Moves Ayala (5). Wells (8) and Manana- 
Drabek, Cadflto (6). Costfito (7L Kandmer (91 
and Karkovtoe. W— Ayala, w. L— Drabek, 9 
B. HRs— Seattle Martinez GW. Buhner Q9U 
Sorrento C23). 

Minnesota 030 010 000-4)0 3 
Boston 104 0M 70t— 12 12 2 

Bowers. Robertson (3), RJtdhie (7). 
Guardado (7) and DJMHIerr Wateftekt 
Wasrtoi (4). Hudson (8) and Haseiman. 
W— Wakefield, J-ia. L— Bowers. 0-X 
Kansas City IN 010 000—2 7 0 
Detroit IN ON 000-1 9 0 


35?. WHEN HE WONTti&B 

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Appier, J. Montgomery (9) and 
Macfartane Jarvis. Gaiilard (7). Broca il {91 
and Casanova- W— Appier. 7-1Q. L— Jarvis, 
0-3. 5v— J. MontgomerT HO). HR— Kansas 
City, Daman (4). 

Anaheim 024 011 100-9 12 1 

Baltimore IN 027 OU-IO 13 0 

KJ-ffiL DaMay (6). James (6), Hoitz (8) 
and Td-Greemy Krivda Rhodes (4), Mffis (7J. 
Orosoi (71, A. Benitez (6). RaMyere (91 and 
Holies. Web-dor (9). W— Rhodes. 8-3. 
L— DaMay, 0-1. Sv-RaJttyerj (34). 
HRs— Anaheim. Erstad 02). Salman (22). 
TcLGreene (8), Edmonds (19). 

OaMatd 220 OH 010-5 9 0 

Milwaukee Ml 040 001—4 8 2 

Wangert Groom (51. A- Small (8). Mahler 
(9) and Moyne, Molina (8): Ektred. Fetters 

(7) , DoJones (9) and Motherly. 
W— DoJones 4-S. L— Mohler 1-9. 
HRs— Oakland. Stohs (20), Lesher (3). 
Milwaukee. Js.Valetittn (121. 


Atlanta ON 112 019-5 10 0 

St. Louis 300 ON 000-3 7 1 

Maddux, Slefecfci (7), Cottier (HJ, WoMers 
(9) ami Perez; Monti Fassas (8), Petkovsek 
18), Beltran (9) and DHte&ce, Lampkln (8). 
W-Maddux, 16-3. L— Morris. B-B. 
Sv-Wahtars 129). HRs-Aifanta, McGritt 
(161. St. Louis, Urddoal (241- 
PtrilodelpMo ON 001 1)2-5 12 1 

Houston 020 010 000-3 5 1 

Green. Games (7), Sprodfin (8), BottaBco 
(9) and Parent Ueberfhof (73; KH& Wagner 

(8) and Eusabto. W— Spradna 2-6. 
L— Wagnet 7-5. Sv— BotfaDco (23 1. 
HRs — PbOadelpWo, Jetterics (111. Houston. 

Montreal ON 021 239— B 12 0 

San Francisco 902 ON 021—5 I 0 

Hernia roan KHne (80. D.Veres (8). Urbina 

(9) and Fletcher Rapt* D. Horny (7). Poole 
17), D. Darwin (8). R. Rodnguez i8). 
MatiaBond (91 and BenyhUL 
W— Hermansan. 8-5. L — Rapp. 5-8. 
Sv— Urbina (19). HRs — MantreaL Segiri (14). 
San F nineteen. Bonds (30). 

Pittsburgh Ml 011 499-10 12 0 

Florida 018 011 011-5 9 0 

F.Cardwo, Ruebei (6). Sodowsfcy (7). 
Christiansen (9) and Kendall; Sounder^ 
AHansear M, SRiniln (6), Vosberg C7J. 
Fj-fererfla (9) and C. Johnson Zaun (9). 
w — f. Cordova 9-6. L— Saunders. 3 -a. 
HRs— Pittsburgh, 3- Guttten 02K Pateovtch 
(41. Ftorida BonMa (14. 

New Yorir NO 013 001-5 12 3 

Colorado 002 000 llX-7 13 9 

Horn tech. McMkSmel (A), Rotes tffl and 
Hundley; R-BaHey, Holmes (61. Leskanic (7), 
DaJean IB). Dipata (9) and Je-Roed. 
W— Holmes. S-2. L — McMichael 7-io. 

S V— Dhxrto (7). H Rs— New York. Gilkey (12). 
Catorada Barks (21)- 

CNcago 019 010 IN 0— 3 9 0 

San Dtoge ON 010 020 1—4 to 2 

Faster, Pcdtorean (8), T .Adorns (91. R. Tntb 
(TO) and Sareafs; J-Homfttoa Hoffmrm (9) 
dnd Flaherty. W— Hoffman 4-4. L— T. 
Adams. 1-7. HRs— San Dlega. Caramttl D6), 
AULSweeney (2). 

CJndnafl NO 003 000-3 7 2 

UKAngvteS OH ON 9Qx— S 4 O 

Mackes R- Lewis (3), FeJZedriguex IS), 
Suffhran (7) and Taubensee; Pork. Osuna (7), 
To.WorreO (9) and Piazza. W-Porto 12-6. 
L— Mereher, 8-9. Sv— To-Worrefl (29). 
HRs— Oiictonatt, Edu.Pentz (12). Las 
Angeles, RXedeno (3), Pfuna (27). 

Jawwese Leagues 

mbuumt'* aaoMurs 

Yakoiwitra Z Yomlotl I 
vnkuH 7. Chunks l 
Hrotehin s, Hiroshima 1 

IQntetsu l. Lotte 0 
Orix 6. SeibuO 
Nippon Ham 6. DaM 2 

Yakut! 1, Ctruitichi 1 
Yomiuri 4, Yokohama 0 
Hiroshima 6. Hons hind 

Oifcc A Soihu ? 

Nippon Ham A Dale! 4 
Kintetsu 7, Latte I. 




Dote 34, St, Louis 31 

Green Bay 3& Buffalo 3 
Oakland 18, New Orleans 16 
Arizona at Chicago, ppd^ rain 
Gnctarrafl 37, Mhmesofa 13 
Washington 35, Atlanta 31 
N.Y.Jets27 i N.Y.Gtaitsl7 
PhfladefpMa 24 Baltimore 13 
Tampa Bay 24 Miami 10 
San Diego 21. Tennessee 7 
Seattle 4i IndlanapoGsS. 



British Columbia 39, Saskatchewan 2c. 

Montreal 34 HamiBon 26. 

PGA Championship 

Scares Sunday tram the third round of the 
Summon PGA Championship on the 6,987- 
yard (4288- meter), por-70 West course at 
Winged Fool Golf Clubln Atertanmeck. 

68-70-45 — 203 
66-71-64 — 203 

68- 71-71-210 

69- 49-73 — 21 1 

69- 69-73—211 

71- 72-48 — -211 

70- 70-71-211 

74-71-67 — 212 

74- 71-67—212 

72- 73-47—712 


68- 71-74—713 

69- 72-72-213 

70- 72-71—213 

69- 72-72-313 

75- 70-4*— 214 

72- 72-70-214 

7348- 73-314 

73- 70-71—314 

72- 71-71—214 

73- 70-72-314 

7349- 73-215 

71- 72-72-215 
68-7S-72 — 215 

73- 71-72—216 

70- 71-75—316 

74- 72-70-216 
73 74-70-316 

Justin Leonard 
Davis Lave III 
■ Tom Kite 
Lee Janzen 
Phil MKkoison 
Jeff Mogg erf 
Fred Couples 
Scott Hoch 
David Duval 
Tiger Woods 
Payne Stewart 
Scott MtCarron 
Co&n Montgomerie 
Frank NobOo 
Tom Byrum 

Ch ns Perry 
PW Bladunar 
ShigeU Maruyama 
Greg Mormon 
Tom Lehman 
-toy Haas 
Lee Westwood 

Tim Hemwi 
Sluarl Appleby 
Steve ElWngton 
ICermy Perry 
Kirk Triplett 
Joey Stndetar 
Nick Price 
Per-Urrft J abandon 
Eduardo Romero 
Vllav Singh 
Bernhard Longer 
Ronnie Black 
Sam Tamma- 
Don Pnokry 

Taylor Smifti 
Ignacio Gazrida 
John Cook 
John Doty 
Paul Stonkowski 
Costonfino Rocco 
Steve Jones 
Mark O'Meara 
David Ogrta 
Russ Cochran 
Larry Mize 
Thomas B(om 
Olln Browne 
Brian Henmnger 
Billy Maytalr 
Craig Slather 
Tammy Tolies 
Mark Crdcavecehia 
Robert Altenby 
Doug Martin 
Cartas Franco 
Kevin Sulhcriand 
Loren Roberts 
Steve Lowery 
Andrew Magee 
Pete Jordon 
Peter Jacobson 
Lanny WatfkJns 
Yoshinari Kaneka 
Fred Funk 
Michael Bradley 
Larry Nefsan 

71- 71-74-216 

72- 70-74-216 
7a 71 -75-316 

71- 71-74— 216 

66- 73-77-216 

68- 71-77—216 

69- 73-75 — 217 

69- 73-75—217 

74- 73-71—217 
76-70-71- 217 

72- 73-72-217 
71 73-73-21? 

70- 73-74-317 

72- 72-74—218 

75- 70-73— 2TB 

71- 74-73-318 

67- 77-74-718 

73- 73-73—219 

76- 70-74 — 220 

71- 70-80—221 

74- 72-75—221 

72- 72-77—221 
71-74-77— 222 

Watdhof Marmhehn 2. WattenscheM2 
(Mannheim won 4-3 on penaffies) 


Cetttc 1, Dunfermline 2 
Hearts A Aberdeen 1 
MolheraeU Q, St Johnstone 1 
Dundee United ]. Hibrnnian l 



Burkina FosoZ Kenya 4 (halftime 1-2} 

Zambia 2, Oemocrntic RepubHc of the Congo 
0 ftratfffroe l-O) 

•THAI. STANDWOS: South Africa 13; Congo 
Ilk Zambia ft Congo DR. 2 
South Africa qualify for fhraJs 

Toga l. Angola 1 (halftone 0-1) 

Zimbabwe 1, Cameroon 2 
final CTAMHiKMte Cameroon 13t Angola 
th Zimbabwe 4; Togo I- 
Cameroon qualify tar nnals. 


Morocco 2, Gabon 0 


Nantes 0, Auxerre2 
Bordeaux 2. Ronnes 2 
Giringamp Q, Strasbourg 0 
Lyon a Monaco 3 

Montpeffier a Marseille 0 
Paris 51 Germain 3. Cannes 1 
Toulouse I.Basfla I 
Lens G LeHavreO 
Clwtemnoia i, Metz 2 

«»»«HNas: Ports SI Germain 9, IMetz^ 

1 Marseille 7. Bosfia 7. Tautouse 7; Sfras- 
boaig Si Le Havre 4, Monaco 4. Lens 4 
Guingomp-L Bordeaux 4' Lyon 3; Auxerre 2, 
MonlpeUter t Chateauram l, Rennes 1; 
Nantes OL Cannes 0. 


Honsa Rostock 0. Bayer Leverkusen 2 

Elsenhueltensladta Harffra Berlins 

Rerrtfingen a Armlnte BielefaM 3 

Cette a I860 Munich 2 

Wenter Bremen Amateurs2 Wolfsburg 3 

KWsarsJautam Amateurs a Kalserstoutem 5 

WnckerN Honttrausen 1. Hamburg 3 

Reinkhendorfer Fuechse 0- Meppen 2 

'Luebech 2 Fortuna Duessetdarf I 

Slog err 0. Gnsuttwr F north 2 

MuensMr 2. Mohu 2 

(Mainz won 74 on penaflka) 

Nniklrthen 0, Uerdlngen 3 
Holea Elntracht Frankfurt 4 
Trier Z Untertlaefting I 
Oldenburg Z Stuttgart Kickers 4 
Pansdorf 1. Energte Cottbus 4 
Mannheim 4 Fortuna Cologne 2 
Alemannkj Aachen a N urernberg 0 
(Aachen wen 4-3 on penotttes) 

Saarbruecken 1, Freiburg 0 

Rat-Webs Essen f, Duisburg 2 

Ulm 1 Cologne 1 

WaWberg 1. Bayern Mimtcti 16 

Hanover 1, Borussia Moenehengladbacb 1 

(Hanover won 5-3 on ponatflos) 

MaenchengtodbachAmaictma Slutfgart i 

Hamburg Amateurs 2. Bochum 3 

Chnmntb I. Kortsrvhoj 

Leipzig 2. Guoferelotr t 

ZwtekauA SOtafte l 

Ral-Wetes Obtttrausan 1 Warder Bremen 2 
Warnemuendell BarussM Dartmimd 0 
Cart Zebs Jena l.St. Prwfl i 
(Jena won 4-2 on penalties) 

Rochester Classic 

Leading ptrcange in the Roehaew Ctos- 

sie,tho Tth round a( the WvWCup, ervor 242 

kms on Sumfsy: 

I, Andrea Tofl, Italy.Mopei six hours seven 
minutes 42 seconds; Z Andrea Fenigota, 
ttaty, Roskrfta. 43 seconds behind. 1 Gftmfuca 
Bartolami. Italy, Fesflna same tnne 4 
siepnane HeuloL France. La Francaise des 
Jeux. sJ 4 5, Andrea Vrfltenmi itcUy, Scriana 
LtzAMaxSctendrl Britain. La Francalsedes 
Jew ^seconds.- 7. Roberta Petifa Ugly, Soe- 

mSSBDamete Nonleila Italy, Mapets.t.9. 
Atoxandre GantchenkaK. Riresia. Rostatto. 
sJj ia Alberta EH Italy, Casino. u KtaMto - 


Tampa Bay 2. Dallas 1 
Cntarodo 2, New York -New Jersey O 
Ctriinn bus 2. Washington DjC.0 
Stamdihos: Eastern Conference DC 42; 
Tampa Bay 36; New England 28; Coiunbus 
26i NY-NJ Ifc Western Conference Kansas & 
City 38; Cotorado 35; DottosSfr Los Angeles ' 
2fi;5an Jose 21. 



Now Zeatand 34 Australia 24 



India; 300-7 In 50 avers 
Sri Lanka def. Indio by 2 runs 

ymheb day mat 

Australia: 2(J?. 5 


tram is-day ai 
Cadorei |o Van; 

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a iCCi 

" Cii < „ 

u ... . * Notches 
'" m :S 19th Victory 

; V ^ ^ Cleveland Is Victim 
Of 11 Strikeouts 


PAGE 17 


■ *” **•»;• . 

■ U ! V. 

' *A f- 

■ f ■■ ■V-- 1 

• — ' ■ ■ ' 

: .r.* ' " 

^ut 25 

■p L i.-alli 

The Associated Press 

Roger Clemens struck out 11 in his 
19th- victory as the Toronto Blue Jays 
snapped Cleveland’s four-game win- 
rung streak with a 10-5 victory over the 
- Indians. 

Clemens (19-4), who leads the ma- 

t jcas in victories and is second in earaed- 
nm averag e, mo ved one victory away 
from his fourth 20-victory season and 
first since 1990 as he bids for his fourth 
Cy Young Award. 

It was Clemens’s third straight 
double-digit strikeout game. 11th this 

season and 79th of his great career. His 
ERA wait from 1 .66 to 1 .78, still tops in 
the American League but second in die 
majors to Montreal’s Pedro Martinez 

Cleveland had Clemens on the ropes 
Sunday, scoring three runs in the second 
on a bases-loaded double by Sandy Alo- 
mar. But 21-year-old rookie Jaret 
Wright couldn’t hold the lead. 

Wright (3-2), a hot prospect billed as 

f Clemens-like, might have learned 
something from “The Rocket" in this 
one: Once he had a lead. Clemens 
smelled victory and slammed the door. 
After Alomar’s double, he retired 14 of 
16 with seven strikeouts until Alomar 
singled with one out in the seventh. 

Clemens allowed four runs and six 
hits in seven innings, w alking three. 

Harin t w 5, Whits Sox 3 Ken Griffey 
hit his 39th and 40th home runs to take 
over the major-league lead, sending vis- 
iting Seattle toa5-3 victory over Chica- 
go in the first game of a doubleheader. 

Griffey reached the 40-homer plateau 
for die fourth time in his career, and 
passed New York's Tino Martinez with 
nis solo homer in the ninth. 

It was the third multihomer game this 
season for Griffey, his first since April 
25 — a three homer-game — against 
Toronto, and the 24tb of his career. 
Griffey homeied to left-center field 
1 with one out in the first off Jaime Nav- 
f ano (9-10), driving in Joey Cora who 
had doubled to put Seattle ahead 2-0. He 
homered off Chuck McEboy in the 
ninth singled and doubled as the Mar- 
iners won their third straight 

Rod Sox -to, item 5 In Boston. Nomar 
Garciapana extended his hitting streak to 
20, tying Fred Lynn’s team roobe record 

Maddux and McGriff 
Derail Cardinals, 5-3 

:fe— . 

£■ y.nt-y • • : y •>£ • ■ . : • ** ;> 

• T.* J- ssXsiiMiS* 


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I »*|(l Ifi lm' IkD-i-IW 

The Colorado Rockies’ shortstop, Neifi Perez, leaping over the Mefcs’ Bernard Gilkey to complete a double play. 

as Boston beat Minnesota and sent die 
Twins to their ninth consecutive loss. 

Aaron Sele (12-9) allowed two runs 
and four hits in seven innings. He h ad a 
11. 25 ERA in his previous four starts. 

Boston had 14 hits, including one by 
every batter. 

Bob Tewksbury (4-9), activated from 
the disabled list, prior to the game, al- 
lowed six runs an nine hits in four 
inning s. 

Homs, Royals 4 Travis Fryman drove 
in four runs and Damion Easley drove in 
three as host Detroit beat Kansas City and 
stopped a four-game losing streak. 

Greg K eagle (1-2) won for the first 
time in nine career starts, allowing three 
runs and five hits in seven innings. 
Keagle struck out seven and walked 

Jose Rosado (8-9) was pounded for 
six runs and five hits in 2Vi innin gs, the 
shortest outing in 42 career starts. 

Kansas City, which completed a 4-5 
road trip, has not had a winning record 
on a road swing since June 13-15. 

Johnny Damon hit a two-run homer 
for the Royals in die seventh, his second 
in two days. 

In a game played Saturday . The New 
York Times reported : 

Rangers a, Yankees 5 John Wetteland 
took the mound in Yankee Stadium Sat- 
urday for the first time since Charlie 
Hayes caught that famous foul pop in 
Game 6 last October and made the Yan- 
kees the World Series champions. But 
this time all Weneland heard were boos. 

Maybe that is why Wetteland was less 
than ecstatic after he notched the victory 
in Texas's 10-inning defeat of the Yan- 
kees — even thongh he pitched two 
perfect innings, even though he doubled 
and drove in a run in his first ar-bat in 
more than three years. - 

But after the game, he still was not 
happy. Melancholy was more like it. 

* ‘There were mixed emotions because 
of coming onto the field to a chorus,” 
Wetteland said, meaning a chorus of 
boos. “I guess I didn’t expect iL People 
still don't get iL And that's very sad.” 

After the Yankees failed to make him a 
contract offer, he signed a four-year. $23 
million pact with Texas last Dec. 16. 

In other games. The Associated Press 

Orioles 10, Angels 9 B. J. Surfaoff 

• - .TTJ.V 

* & * 

K«4«r Vinfr/TV IV 

New Orleans Saints cornerback Donvon Greer, left, tripping up Oakland Raiders wide receiver Kenny Shedd. 

Par cells’s Jets Strike Back at Giants 

“CUSSSS.--.-. isacsssa 

Bi^Parcells^ snew team, the Jets, and his *££. 34. Retain Philadelphia, 

old team, the Giants . the Jets won the Brown and three running back Charlie Gamerhad bad a 

beaten in three exhibition games ouuost 

mnnin a back Gary Brown and three running back Charlie Gamerhad bad a 
running * total of 72 Yards and a touchdown as the 


broke out of a l-for-15 slump in grand 
fashion, driving in six runs, half of them 
with a bases-loaded double in a seven- 
run sixth inning that rallied the Orioles 
past Anaheim in Baltimore. 

Indians s. Blue Jays 4 In Cleveland. 

Matt Williams and Marquis Grissom 
each homered during a six-run seventh 
inning, as the Indians beat Toronto. 

Mariners 11, White Sox 6 Edgar Mar- 
tinez, Paul Sorrento and Jay Buhner hit 
home runs, leading Seattle to victory in 
Chicago in the first game of a scheduled 
doubleheader. But the second game was 
postponed until Sunday because of rain. 

Red Sox 12, twins 4 in Boston, Nomar 
Garciapana extended his hitting streak to 
19 games, one short of the team's rookie 
record set by Fred Lynn in 1975, in the 
Red Sox’s victoiy over Minnesota. 

Brewers S, Athletics 5 In Milwaukee. 
Dave Nilsson, hitting just .222 against 
left-handers, singled off left-hander 
Mike Mohler with two outs in the ninth 
to drive in the winning run. 

Royals 2, Tigers 1 In Detroit . Kevin 
Appier allowed one run and eight hits in 
eight innings to win for the first time in 
nine starts for Kansas Citv. 

The Associated Press 

Greg Maddux overcame a three-run 
first-inning deficit and Fred McGriff hita 
two-run homer to lead the Atlanta Braves 
over the Sl Louis Cardinals, 5-3. 

Maddux, who had allowed a total of 
only four first-inning runs in 26 pre- 
vious starts this season, gave up a three- 
run homer to Ray Lankford in the first 

Maddux (16-3) had not won since 
July 27, with no decisions in his last 

NL Roundup 

three starts. He was lifted for a pinch 
hitter after throwing 66 pitches in six 
innings on a day when the temperature 
hit 93 degrees Fahrenheit (34 degrees 
centigrade) in St. Louis. 

Mike Bielec ki, Mike Carher and 
Mark Wohlers each pitched one hidess 
inning for the Braves, with Wohlers 
getting his 29th save. 

Brian Jordan and Marie McGwire 
singled for Sl Louis before Lankford 
connected for his 24th home run of the 

Before the game, Maddux refused to 
allow Fox Television to attach a camera 
to die mask of his catcher. 

According to a Fox spokesman, Mad- 
dux said he was afraid that the unusual 
camera angle would help opponents 
Jeam abour his pitching mechanics. 

Joe Buck, a Fox broadcaster, said 
Maddux was the first pitcher to refuse to 
allow the camera to be used. 

The Cardinals' starter. Matt Moms, 
did not object to the camera placement, 
and (he small device was attached to the 
mask of catcher Mike Difelice. 

Phillies 5, Astras 3 In Houston, Gregg 
Jefferies hit a rwo-run homer in the ninth 
inning off Houston closer Billy Wagner, 
and the Philadelphia Phillies beat the 
Astros for their sixth straight victory. 

The Phillies last won six in a row in 
June 1995. They have won 14 of 17 

Houston's starter. Darryl Kile, ttying 
to win his 10th consecutive decision and 
become the National League's first 17- 
game winner, took a. 3-2 lead into the 
eighth. But Scon Rolen led off with a 
single, and Wagner relieved with two 
outs and gave up a tying single to pinch 
hitter Kevin Jordan. 

Wagner walked Mickey Morandini 
with one out in the ninth and Jefferies hit 
his 1 1th homer of the season over the 
left-field fence. 

Expos 8, Giants 5 Dnstin Hermanson 
struck out eight in seven innings and 
Montreal won in San Francisco, stop- 
ping a four-game losing streak. 

David Segui put Montreal in front to 
stay with a sixth-inning home run. Mike 

Lansing had three hits and Mark 
Grudzielanek went 2-for-4 and scored 

Baity Bonds hit a two-run homer in 
the Giants’ eighth, his second home run 
in two days and his 30th of the season. 
Bonds lined out with two runners on 
base in the ninth after Darryl Hamilton's 
run -scoring double. 

Hermanson allowed two runs and 

three hits for his fourth straight victory. 

Pat Rapp went 636 innings, allowing 
five runs and five hits. He was hindered 
by control problems, walking four, 
throwing two wild pitches and hitting a 

Prates io, Mvfins-5 Jose Guillen, a 
rookie, homered and bad a season-high 
five runs batted in to lead a 12-hit attack 
as Pittsburgh won in Miami. 

Guillen hit a three-run homer in die 
seventh and Kevin Polcovich followed 
with his fourth homer for a 10-3 lead. 
Guillen also bad a run-scoring single 
and a run-scoring groundout. 

Francisco Cordova, ejected in the 
second inning of his start last week 
against Florida, bounced back to win his 
thud consecutive decision, allowing 
three runs in 5% innin gs. 

Roduei 7, Mate 5 In Denver, Larry 
Walker went 3 -for- 3 and Andres Galar- 
raga increased his league-leading runs 
baited in total to 113. 

Walker singled, doubled, tripled and 
walked, raising his average to .380. Ellis 
Barks hit his 21st homer as the Rockies 
overcame a 4-2 deficit and won for the 
seventh time in 10 games. 

New York, which made three errors, 
has lost six of eighL 

Bernard Gilkey, who had been hitting 
.088 in August (3-for-34), went 4-for-4 
with his 12th homer. 

Padres 4 , Cubs 3 In San Diego, Mark 
Sweeney tied the score with a pinch two- 
run homer in the eighth and Steve Finley 
singled in the winning run in the 10th. 

■ Kevin Foster took a three-hitter into 
the eighth but allowed a leadoff single to 
Chris Gomez and Sweeney's second 
pinch homer of the season. 

Quilvio Veras reached on a one-out 
double in the 10th, took third on a wild 
pitch by Ramon Tatis and scored on 
Finley’s hiL 

Dodgers 5, Reds 3 In Los Angeles, 
Roger Cedeno and Mike Piazza hit con- 
secutive homers in the third inning, and 
Chan Ho Park won for the seventh rime 
in eight starts. Park allowed three runs 
and six hits in six innings, struck out 
eight and walked none. 

Todd Worrell pitched a perfect ninth 
for his 29th save. Los Angeles won 
despite getting just four hits — none 
after Piazza's homer in the third. 



TWo of the biggest i 
the season; can Bai 

21 - 23 August, LIVE, 

down pass to rookie Dedric Ward and 50-yard field goal into the Baltimore, which dropped to 0-3 in 

the Jets overcame a 10-pomt second-half F( ?J^kck grc* Victory over the exhibition season, didnot have an 

deficit by scoring on four consecutive wind to the Raiders victory o offensive touchdoWD> scoring on Jer- 

long drives to beat the Giants, 27- 17. New ur _ __ Ia Tampa, Trent maine Lewis’s 74-yard punt return and 

“The most positive thing for me as a ^ a perfectly executed two Matt Stover field goals, 

coach is yon wonder what yoin- teaman ptey for Tampa • Heavy rains and wicked hghtmng 

do when it's down by 10 points. Par- R^sfirstTD in three preseason games, force the postponement of Saturday 

coach i^youwonder what team can • Hra vyrains and wicked hghtmng 

do when H’s down by 10 points. Par- r^sSEtD in three preseason games, force the postponement of Saturday 

- He lat^Srew 7 yards to Karl Williams night’s exhibition game between the 

NFi Roun p-p £ a tSfome lead over Miami. Arizona Cardinals and the Beats in 

! ITwitn The Dolphins (2-2) gave up a touch- Chicago. 

altesaida^bearingthe^mhetedm on social teams when ^ Bucs’ ■ p a ce and Rams Reach Deal 

two Super Bowls for die second mne m jLTL blocked John Kidd s punt . , . . 

as manytries. “That comeback m itself i^J^cred in the end zone. Orlando Pace, the top pick rnthe 

| is encouraging.’ 1 . Abdul-Jab- National Football Uague <faftsg=*d 

■ Adrian MurreU scored on a 1-yarfnm Mare's 25- to a record rookie deal worth $29.4 

to start the rally and John Hail lacked ter y Dan Marifl0 * s million with the Sl Louis Rams, 

field goals of 23 and 29 yards as the J^ to Fred Baroen. The Rams say the contract numb^ 

U-0) put together scoring drives of 77, Cincinnati won are bloated by a 

75, 65 and 51 yards. homeafter its defense made four sacks upon by Pace : s agents, thal rails for 

Dave Brown threw a 5-yard touch- at home alter lisucie ^movers. to make a base salary of S2.1 million 
,do^ to S CaJJowa/ nod ruo ^“^^^"otiJ the along with, $9 million boons for sunply 
Wooten returned a fumble 32 yards for v . never fi0T eoing. making the rosier, 

another scSHs the Giants (1-2) lost qLteLcl The Rams were irritated that Pace,* 

their second straight under Jim Fassel. ^ 320-poirad offensive tackle, has mused 

SMiwwfc* *5 cotta 3 John Friesz, played little mo A.mbled once training camp. Jay Zygmunt, the team 
final Iv not un- two interceptions an neeodator. said Pace will never see the 

Games between Real Madrid 
and Barcelona are always 
volatile and both sides will want 
to start the season with victory 
over their great rivals and to Kft 
the Spanish Supercup 

18-24 August, LIVE, 

The European 

Championships, Seville 

Athletes from disciplines as 
varied as water polo, diving, 
synchronised swimming and 
racing wQI compete in Spain 

23 - 24 August, LIVE, 

The German Touring 
Car Championship 

Live coverage of the qualifying 
session and highlights of foe 
race in the latest round of one 
of foe most competitive series 
in world motor racing 

19 August, LIVE, AC Mian v 
Juventus, M3an 

Two of Italy's top sides dash in 
the San Siro to decide the A 
Berlusconi Trophy 



StssSS 5 £sb!»«s S5«S5SS :s 


The Colts’ starting quarterback, Jim ^i? fo *^ory as Mark Hartseil threw second player picked. 

Haibaugh. completed 3-of-9 passes for rallied lor victory 

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PAGE 18 


MONDAY, AUGUST 18, 1997 

World Roundup 

Andrea Tafi enjoying his vic- 
tory in Rochester on Sunday. 

Tafi Breaks Away 

cycung Andrea Tafi made a 
late breakaway Sunday to win the 
seventh round of the World Cup 
through Kent in southeast Eng- 

Tafu an Italian who rides for the 
Mapei team, escaped from four co- 
leaders in the final 14 kilometers 
(8.5 miles) of the 242-kilometer 
Rochester Classic to finish 43 
seconds ahead of Andrea Ferrigato, 
who outsprinted a third Italian. Gi- 
anluca Bortolami. 

Rolf Sorensen, a Dane, remained 
the overall World Cup leader. 

( Reuters ) 

Johnson Falls Again 

athletics Michael Johnson, 
the 200 meters world record holder 
and Olympic champion, was com- 
prehensively beaten over the dis- 
tance Sunday in a low-key athletics 
challenge meeting in London. 

Johnson, running for an interna- 
tional select team, finished fifth in a 
pedestrian time of 20.87, one-and-a- 
half seconds outside his world re- 
cord 1932. as veteran Welshman 
Doug Turner, 3 1, won in 20.73- 
“I wasn’t sure if Johnson was 
running and I didn't even run a 
particularly good race,” said Turn- 
er. I Reuters ) 

Sri Lanka Beats India 

cricket Sri Lanka scraped to a 
iwo-run victory Sunday in a one-day 
international in Colombo, despite a 
world record partnership of 223 by 
India's Mohammad Azharuddin and 
Ajay Jadeja. 

India lost its first four wickets for 
64 runs in the first 11 overs. Then 
Azharuddin hit 111 not out and 
Jadeja 119. India, chasing Sri 
Lanka’s total of 302, reached 300 
runs for seven wickets in 50 overs. 

Earlier opener Marvan Atapartu 
scored his maiden one-day century 
to guide Sri Lanka to a formidable 
302 for four after India won the toss 
and put the home side in. 

• Batsman Mark Ramprakash 
has been recalled by England for 
the final Ashes test against Aus- 
tralia beginning at The Oval on 
Thursday. The Middlesex captain, 
27, replaces Lancashire’s John 
Crawley for the sixth test Australia 
has already made sore it will retain 
the Ashes. ( Reuters ) 

The End of the Ponytail 

soccer The most famous locks 
in world soccer have been given the 

Roberto Baggio turned up for 
training in Bologna this weekend 
with his hair cropped short, and his 
trademark “divine” ponytail a 
thing of the past. 

“ I was tired of having long hair." 
the Italian striker said after training 
with his new club Bologna. “My 
family agreed and my wife An- 
dreina gave it the final snip.” 

He said it now lies in a drawer in 
his house in Caldogno, northern 
Italy. {Reuters ) 

Leonard Sets Record 
With 5-Under-Par 65 

By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Post Serv ice 

Justin Leonard, the 25-year-old who 
won the British Open last month, set a 
course record with a 5-under-par 65 in 
the storm-interrupted third round of the 
79th PGA Championship at Winged 
Foot Golf Club. 

However, Davis Love 3d was nearly 
as good, finishing Saturday's round with 

POA Championship 

a 66 that left him and Leonard tied for 
the lead at 7-under 203 — and the only 
players under par for the tournament. 

A thunderstorm delayed the PGA 
Tour’s fourth, and final, major of the 
year for more than an hour and a half. 
When play resumed, Leonard com- 
pleted his round with a birdie. But Love 
also birdied the 1 8th, giving him a share 
of the lead going into the final round of 
a major for the first time in his career. 

The second-round leader, Lee Jan- 
zen, shot a 4- over-par 74 and fell into a 
tie for third place with Tom Kite at even 
par for the tournament. Tiger Woods, 
who shot 7) Saturday, Fred Couples 
(73) and Phil Mickelson (73) were 
among six players tied at 1 -over. 

If the nasty storm that sent canvas 
tents flapping and spectators scurrying 
for safety bad occurred 15 minutes earli- 
er, Mickelson might not have played the 
16th hole. 

Instead, he triple- bogeyed the hole to 
fall from 3-under. Mickelson, who also 
had a double bogey at the relatively 
benign 515-yard (471 -meter) 5 th, 
needed five shots to escape the rough at 
the 457-yard 16th and get his boll on the 
green, where he two- putted for 7. 

It also was a day of struggle for 
Woods. He moved to 2-under for the 
tournament and within three shots of the 
lead through 16 holes, only to make his 
second double bogey of the day, this one 
at No. 1 7, then compound that mistake 
with a bogey at the ISth. 

There was some concern that Woods, 
who appeared to be limping slightly as 
he made his way up the 18th fairway, 
might have suffered an injury while 
taking several mighty swings in the tall 
grass. He has suffered in the past from 
groin pulls, but when asked if he had 
hurt himself on the course, he smiled 
and said: “Yeah, I did. I hurt my ego. 
Physically, I’m fine.” 

Emotionally, that may not be the case. 
Woods was left shaking his head in dis- 
may at doing what be called “something 
that dumb" on the final two holes. 

“That’s not what you want to do," 
said the 1997 Masters champion, know- 
ing his chances of becoming the young- 
est player to win two majors in a single 
year have dimmed considerably. 

Fred Couples, only two shots off the 
lead at the start of play Saturday, had 
bogeys on his first two holes. Janzen, the 
leader by a shot over Love after 36 holes 
and his playing partner in the last group 
Saturday, had four bogeys and no bird- 

ies on his card. A drive into deep right 
rough at the 14 th hole cost him a bogey 
that left him at I -under-par for the tour- 
nament when play was halted. 

Jeff Maggert, the fourth-place fin- 
isher at the U.S. Open, was also in the 
group at 1 -over. 

Leonard, who came from five shots 
behind to catch Jesper Pamevik last 
month at Royal Troon with a final-round 
65 that secured the British Open title, and 
Love clearly were following the same 
approach of playing somewhat conser- 
vatively in trying to keep tee shots in the 
fairways and trying to strike second 
shots into the middle of most greens. 

“Hitting greens and fairways and two- 
putting is something I've enjoyed doing 
every day here,” said Leonard. “The 
British Open had a big effect on what 
I’ve been doing this week.” 

Love also looked confident Saturday, 
making routine pars on his first four 
holes before hitting a second shot at the 
par-5 fifth to within 14 feet of the cup. 
He barely missed the eagle putt, but his 
tap-in birdie got him a share of the Lead 
with Janzen, who paired the hole. 

Love's best work of the day probably 
came at the 442-yard 8 th hole. His iron 
off the tee was pushed right and hit a 
towering beech tree about 120 yards 

away and dropped straight down into 

the high grass. He managed to get a club 
on the bail and move it another 100 
yards down the fairway, then hit his best 
shot of the day — a middle-iron 200 
yards to about eight feet from the cup. 

He made the putt for an amazing par, 
then sandwiched birdies at the 12 th and 
14th around a bogey at 13 for a 6 -under 
score when play was suspended. 

Yet Another 
Rough Day 
Tests Daly’s 

[ l sir- Martin Th«“ V^rijl^UV* 

John Daly studying a putt at No. 7 during the PGA’s final round Sunday. 

Tolies Posts 284 at PGA, 
Raising Ryder Cup Hopes 

Greg Norman suffering after miss- 
ing a birdie putt in the final round. 


Tommy Tolies, battling to win one of 
the 10 U.S. Ryder Cup berths that will 
be settled by Sunday's finish, ended a 
frustrating tournament on a high note by 
firing a 4- under 66 for a 4-over- par total 
of 284. 

The golfers set off on another hot and 
humid day Sunday that again held the 
threat of a thunderstorm. 

The rain from Saturday’s fierce thun- 
derstorm. which suspended play for 
□early two hours late in the third round, 
has softened die course and allowed a 
more aggressive approach to Winged 
Foot’s small, undulating greens. 

■ Webb Wins Women’s Open 

Karrie Webb of Australia had her 
worst round Sunday in the Women's 
British Open in Sunningdale but still 
won by eight strokes with a tournament- 
record 19-under-par total of 269, The 
Associated Press reported. 

Webb, who shot a course-record 9- 
under 63 Saturday to gain an 8 -stroke 
lead, mixed, three bogeys and four bird- 
ies in a final round 1 -under-par 71. 

Rosie Jones birdied the 18th for a 71 
and finished second on 277. Annika 
Sorenstam, ranked No. 1 in the world. 

was third at 278 after her best round of 
rite tournament, a 67. 

Webb easily bettered the tournament 
record of 274 set by Jane Ged ties in 
1989, and her 8 -siroke winning margin 
equaled that of Karen Lann. who beat 
Brandie Burton by that margin in 1993. 
Burton was fourth this time at 280 after 
a final 67. 

It was Webb’s second British Open 
championship in three years and her 
second victory on the LPGA this season. 
She won the Susan G. Komen Inter- 
national in South Carolina in .April. 

*T played great golf all week and 
everything just r'eiTimo place.” she 
said. “The British Open is such a spe- 
cial tournament to me because it’s the 
first one I ever won.” 

The sunny weather of the first three 
days gave way to gloom and rain, and 
Webb's sparkling form also lost its 
shine. Webb, 1 8-under after three 
rounds, lost three strokes to Jones in the 
first three holes. Jones’s challenge ended 
with a bogey at the par-4 10th as Webb 
had three birdies on the back nine. 

Lisa Hackney of England eagled the 
par-5 12th en route to a 7 1. She finished 
at 281 , along with Catriona Matthew of 
Scotland. TTie defending champion, 
Emilee Klein, shot a 75 for 288. 

T&f Assoc iolfrf Press 

John Daly's rocky return to major 
championship golf took another bumpy 
twist Sunday when he engaged in a 
sharp verbal exchange with a rales of- 
ficial in the final round of the PGA. . 

Hie tense confrontation came one 
day after Daly tossed his driver over a 
fence on the 12 th hole after a -wild tee 

Daly, trying to drive the 324-yard 
sixth green, hit an extreme hook that 
ended up behind a rain shelter near the 
seventh tee Sunday. He had an angle to 
the green, but his line of sight to the pin 
was obstructed. 

A PGA Championship rules official 
was called in, but Daly was denied relief 
because the shelter was an immovable 

Daly asked to appeal to a PGA Tour 
official but was denied the request The 
PGA Tour and the PGA Championship 
are run by different bodies. 

‘ T bad something like this at Hartford i 
and got a drop,” an angry Daly said to 
Ed Hoard, a PGA Championship rules 
official. “You guys are making dif- 
ferent rulings every day. This is ri- 

Daly hit a flop shot from the rough 
short of the green, then chipped up and 
missed his putt and made a bogey. After 
hitting the shot from behind the shelter, 
Daly made a move to smash his club 
against the shelter then thought better of ; 

Daly finished the front nine with a 36 _ 
and shot a 34 on the back for a 70 to 
finish at 6 -over-par 286. 

Daly, continuing a return from his 
second stay in an alcohol rehabilitation 
center, started the PGA with a (^Thurs- 
day, stayed in contention with a 73 
Friday, then fell out of the picture with a 
77 Saturday when he was spraying his 
tee shots wildly. 









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After bombing his drive off the 12th fli-tv.." 

tee over the trees to the 17th fairway,. 
Daly was so frustrated, he threw the club 
over a fence. Several well-dressed fans 
then dashed over the chain link to get a 
souvenir, even though it landed m a 
patch of poison ivy. 

On Sunday, Daly was again missing 

A typical Daly hole was the par-5 
fth hole, where he drove way left, then 

fifth hoi 

hit a wild shot into the right rough, 
blasted from the tall grass to 2 inches . .. 
and tapped in a birdie. 

On No. 8 , Daly was so far right his 
ball landed in the rough next to toe " 
bunker on the 16th hole of toe East 
Course. The tournament is beingplayed 
on the West Course. He made a bogey. 

His tee shot with a 3-wood on ine : 
ninth hole was 30 yards into the rough 
on the right, but be hit his next shot over 
the trees to toe green and made a par. 

A New Low in Trading Tactics: Just Ask McManaman 

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International Herald Tribune 

ONDON — Steve McMana- 
man is toe epitome of soccer’s 
modem generation. In frill 
'flow, he Iras balance, skill and 
cheek that make cynical men drool; in 
Life he enjoys pop-star trappings. 

But today, he feels used. He realizes 
he has been a pawn in a transfer triangle 
that flew him from Liverpool to Bar- 
celona and back, during which time he 
may never have been more than a back- 
stop in case Barcelona failed to sign the 
man it really wanted — Brazil's 

On Monday morning, McManaman, 
valued at $20 million, will be back on 
familiar ground, training with Liver- 
pool. Rivaldo, less of a star but un- 
deniably more of a goal scorer, has 
departed Deportivo la Coruna for a $25 
million fee and an annual $3 million 

All else is open to interpretation. The 
intrigues of soccer trading would sel- 
dom pass a truth test, but this tripartite 
affair plumbs new depths. 

European SoccerRoB Hughes 

A week ago, life was routine to Mc- 
Manaman. He believed himself to be 
Liverpool’s mainspring and says he 
never wanted more than to perform for 
the club where he served his appren- 
ticeship. His personal adviser happens 
to manage The Spice Girls, and Mc- 
Manaman writes a column in The Times 
of London. 

Happiness was such an uncomplic- 
ated dung. A phone call changed toar. 
He was told Liverpool’s board had ac- 
cepted Barcelona's millions and. sur- 
prised that his club would even con- 
template that, he journeyed to Barcelona 
last Friday with two advisers. 

There he sat, and sat, and saL Mc- 
Manaman’ s agent told toe media that if 
Barcelona was willing to pay $20 mil- 
lion to Liverpool it could afford $20 
million to McManaman over six sea- 
sons. Nobody from Barca called even to 
say hello. 

“My adviser spoke to Joan Gaspart, 

Barcelona’s vice president, on a mobile 
telephone, and that was only a brief 
conversation,” McManaman later 
stated. “Gaspan seemed to be else- 
where negotiating with another player. I 
think ir is ridiculous — and actionable 
— to suggest the deal fell through be- 
cause I am greedy.” 

Barcelona, however, encouraged the 
suggestion. The club had sent Bobby 
Robson, an Englishman deposed as 
coach last spring and a man instantly 
recognizable at any English soccer 
field, to scout McManaman, while it 
also negotiated with coveting Deni Ison 
of Sao Paulo, and Rivaldo of Coruna. 

Denilson’s demands were too high. 
Rivaldo accepted toe wages for which 
McManaman was called greedy. And 
three factors made up Barcelona's 

Rivaldo has a sweet left foot, which 
will give Barcelona balance. He scored 
2 1 goals in Spain last season. He joins 

two other Brazilians, all of whom speak 
Spanish, at Nou Camp. 

The goals speak for themselves. Mc- 
Manaman has never scored for England 
and in 289 Liverpool games has hit only 
42 goals. He often controls the tempo 
but without finishing his chances. His 
wispy physical appearance belies 
strength of character, and every ro- 
mantic among us has thrilled to his 
guile. Though" Macmanaman bridles at 
the notion, he has been central to Liv- 
erpool's ■■underachievemeni.” 

Team manager Roy Evans uttered 
that assessment after successive sea- 

Evans said that McManaman shone 
because the team was set up for him. 
McManaman. so refreshing in the joy he 
displays, appears not to read the sig- 

Evans is busy recasting Liverpool's 
team. He let John Bames. who supplied 
McManaman. go to Newcastle United 
for free. He paid $6.7 million to bring 
the forceful Paul ince back from Italy, 
$6 million to buy another dynamic mid- 

fielder — Oyvind Leonhardsen of Nor- 
way — and $2.9 million for Karl-Heraz 
Riedle, the German whose headers won 
the Champions' Cup. for Borussia 

Simply giving the ball to McMan- 
aman is a dated concept Opponents 
knew that if you stopped McManaman. 
you stopped Liverpool. 

Coach Evans, under pressure to de- 
liver. can afford no sentimentality. He is 
buying in steel, eschewing fantasy. Mc- 
Manaman was once so indispensable 
that he had to play, fit or not 

That is over. There is a price that, 
sooner or later, somebody will pay. 
Meanwhile, he Is a player in Liverpool's 
pool and. meanwhile, $20 million is the 4 p 
same sum Liverpool is spending on an w 
academy, a training school for the new 

He has. indeed, been used. Outstand- 
ing among Englishmen, he nevertheless 
finds that toe freedom given to players 
after the Bosnian ruling does not stop 
the manipulation by the big clubs in 
transfer trading. 

Everv countrv has its own AT&T Access Number which 

AT&T Access Numbers 

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Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country you're 

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Sicps to follow for easy 
culling norldiridr: 

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