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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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London, Tuesday, August 19, 1997 



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Dow Closes Up 108 
After Heavy Selling 
bi Europe and Asia 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribute 

• NEW YORK — Wall Street staged a 
late comeback Monday after stock mar- 
kets around the world had reeled down- 
ward in a delayed, and for the most part 
muted, reaction to Friday’s steep sell-off 
in the U.S. stock market 
- U.S. stocks opened higher on Mon- 
[ day morning, then turned down after 
Jinropean markets bad closed and fi- 
nally rebounded strongly in late trading. 
1 The Dow Jones industrial average 
'dosed up 108.70 points, at 7,803.36. 

European markets endured sharp 
losses in the first half of the day, led by 
Germany, where the DAX index in 
-Frankfurt was down 4.2 percent at one 
'point Most European bourses, includ- 
ing Germany’s, however, had already 
pulled out of their dives by the time the 
opening bell sounded in New York. 

“We had already recovered signif- 
icantly before the Dow even opened,” 
.said Steve Right an equity strategist 
■with BZW in London. “Yes, stock 
prices are high, but they are supported 
jjy an awful lot of cash still around in the 
market” 

' Proof of that faith came as London, 
.Europe's largest stock market ended the 
day with the FTSE 100 index down only 
0.63 percent having opened with a loss 
of 1 3 percent The DAX in Frankfurt 
meanwhile, more than halved its earlier 
losses, closing down 1.79 percent 


V V. 1&. ft,<$ 


Yet Again? Mir ’s Main Computer Fails 



Mishap Occurs During Cargo Docking; 
Guidance Outage Hampers Power Supply 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Service 


A %SA TV/Rr Amrumf JVw 

Hie unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft lining up the Russian space station Mir during a 
docking maneuver. After a main computer failure, the two craft docked manuall y Monday. 


MOSCOW — The beleaguered Russian space 
station Mir suffered another serious setback Mon- 
day as the vessel’s main computer system failed 
during an attempt to dock with an un mann ed 
Progress cargo craft 

The docking was completed manually, but the 
failure left Mir once again with, its solar panels 
unable to replenish power automatically from the 
sun. It forced yet another postponement in major 
repairs on Mir ste mming from a crash nearly two 
months ago. 

Vladimir Solovyov, the flight director at Mis- 
sion Control outside Moscow, said a repair space- 
walk, originally set for Wednesday, would be 
postponed for at least two or three days while the 
Russian-American crew attempts to restore the 
computer system. 

Mr. Solovyov said that, without the on-board 
computers, the flight path of Mir would be 
“chaotic.” 

“Unfortunately, right now the system of sta- 
tion orientation is not operational,” he said. ‘ ‘The 
computer will be switched off until morning. 
There will be no attitude control at alL” 

“We don’t know the consequences of this 
chaotic flight.” 

While officials said the new complications do 
not endanger the two Russians and one American 
on board, the world's only permanently manned 


Space station was thrown into another unexpected 
crisis after two months of mishaps and errors that 
have called into question whether it should be 
junked. 

The computer that stopped working is used to 
automatically keep the Mir's energy-generating 
solar panels in proper orientation to the sun. 
Without the computer guidance system, the crew 
must conserve power by shutting down all but the 
most vital systems, and periodically fire booster 
rockets to keep Mir in a correct position. 

Such failures go to the heart of questions about 
the future of Mir, because without reliable power, 
its value as a platform for scientific experiments is 
doubtful. The United States has committed S473 
million over five years for joint cooperation with 
Russia on the Mir program, but the continuation 
of the program could be put in jeopardy if suf- 
ficient power cannot be restored. 

Mir has been in a similar position at least twice 
since the June 25 accident in which a Progress 
freighter rammed into the 1 1 -year-old space sta- 
tion. The first was immediately after the accident, 
when Mir lost half its power. The second time was 
July 17 when the crew accidentally disconnected 
a cable. Both times, the computer systems were 
righted after a day or so. 

Monday’s failure occurred just as the crew was 
docking with an unmanned Progress freighter, 
which is used to ferry food and fuel to Mir. The 

See MLR, Page 6 


Pro-Israel Militia in Lebanon Shells Sidon, Killing at Least 6 


By Douglas Jehl 

New York Times Sen-ice 


JERUSALEM — In the bloodiest attack against 
Lebanese civilians in more than a year, at least six 
people were killed and more than three dozen 
wounded Monday when artillery shells fired by 
While investors in Europe, and laier pro-Israeli militiamen slammed into the port city of 
in die day in America as well, took Sidon, 40 kilometers sooth of Beirut 

The bombardment was the first to strike Sidon 
since Israel’s April 1996 air and artillery on- 
slaught, and it came in clear violation of the cease- 


day in America as well, 
comfort in the growing sense that the 
, worst of the storm had passed, many 
Asian investors did not lane nearly so 
wett. . 

- In many emerging Asian markets. 
Wall Street’s woes on Friday combined 
with investor concerns over two months 
of turmoil in the currency markets that 
began in Thailand and has now engulfed 
the region and produced a wave of sell 
orders. 

In Indonesia, stock prices shed 83 
percent of their value in wild morning 
trading that only added further down- 
ward pressure on the country’s battered 
currency, the rupiah. 

By late afternoon, however, investors 
smelled op p ort unity in the wreckage 
sod began wading back into the market, 
forcin g stock prices back from their 
worst losses. The market managed to 


fire that ended 17 days of fighting with an agree- 
ment by both sides to halt attacks on civilians. 

The shells were Fired by a pro-Israeli militia 
from Jezzine, an enclave that lies north of the 
security zone that the Israeli Army and its Leb- 
anese allies occupy in southern Lebanon. The 
militia reports to General Antoine Lahd, the Leb- 
anese Christian who commands the South Lebanon 
Army, the force that operates side-by-side with 
Israeli forces inside the occupation zone. 

Israel pays, trains, supplies and directs the 1 ,000 
or so members of General Lahd’s forces who 


operate inside the zone. But senior Israeli officials 
insisted Monday night that the militamen who 
carried out the attack operate entirely outside Is- 
raeli control, and that, for that reason. Israel bore 
no responsibility for iL 

Nevertheless, Israeli television reported that in 
the aftermath of die attack Defense Minister 
Yitzhak Mordechai bad sharpened his instructions 
to General Lahd and his forces to avoid indis- 
criminate attacks. 

Launched in apparent retaliation for a roadside 
bombing Monday morning that killed three Leb- 


anese civilians, the shelling of Sidon added another 
bloody incident to increasing violence in southern 
Lebanon that is threatening again to spiral out of 
control. 

In the last nine days, at least 25 people have been 
killed in the region, more than half of them ci- 
vilians. Forces that returned fire Monday at the 
pro-Israeli enclave in Jennine reportedly included 
not only the pro-Iranian Hezbollah, or Party of 
God, but also the Lebanese Army, which has 

See ATTACK, Page 6 


Chinese Moving Slowly 
Chi U.S . Summit Steps 


By Steven Erianger 

New York Times Service 


1 firmin' 1 f 


See STOCKS, Page 12 


The Dollar 


MwYmk 

Monday A 4 P.M. 

previous dose 

..OH 

1.8335 

1.8204 

Pound 

1.6062 

1.6093 

'Yon 

118.00 

117.585 

FF 

6.1705 

6.1425 



Monday doae 

previous daw 

■+108w7 

7803.36 

7694.66 

| S&P 500 1 

change 

Monday • 4 PM. 

prsvioifi clow 

+11.68 

. 912.49 

900.81 


WASHINGTON — Visiting China 
last week. President Bill Clinton’s na- 
tional security adviser, Sandy Berger, 
made his best case to President Jiang 
Zemin about how to produce a sub- 
stantive and image-enhancing summit 
meeting in Washington at the end of 
October. Bat the Chinese are still de- 
bating necessary steps on human rights 
and nonproliferation, senior U.S. of- 
ficials say. 

In public, Mr. Berger is playing down 
the prospect of “dramatic break- 
throughs” during the long-anticipated 
meeting, scheduled Oct. 28. But in 
rhina he laid out various initiatives that 
Mr. Jiang could take to make pie meet- 
ing more successful by attracting fewer 
protesters and muting congressional 
criticism. 

Those steps include the completion of 
a “road map” on human rights issues, 
which would include the release from 


prison on medical grounds of such noted 
dissidents as Wang Dan and Wei Jing- 
sheng and an agreement to let the In- 
ternational Committee of the Red Cross 
make prison visits in China. 

It also would require China to resume 
a serious human rights dialogue with 
U.S. officials and nongovernmental or- 
ganizations, to invite noted American 
religious leaders to visit China, to sign a 
United Nations covenant on social and 
economic rights and to agree to a frank 
discussion by Mr. Jiang of all issues 
with congressional leaders. 

Chinese leaders, at their summer re- 
treat, are hammering out key personnel 
changes before next month’s party con- 
gress, which is held every five years. 
They must decide who will replace the 
conservative Li Peng, who has com- 
pleted his term as prime minister, and 
what job Mr. Li will receive. 

But the Chinese are also discussing 
summit meeting issues, U.S. officials 

See SUMMIT, Page 4 


Women Now Majority in Peace Corps 


By Amy Joyce 

Washington Post Service 


inception in 1961, 63 percent of vol- 
unteers were men and only 37 percent 


WASHINGTON — When she was 

■ 33 years old, Molly Bogdan left a “nice 

. tame, nice car, nice dog, nice guy and 
nice business” in Albuquerque, New 
Mexico, and headed to Romania as a 
volunteer with fte Peace Corps. 
y At the time, she had two successful 
. v businesses, no husband and no children. 

It was the right time, she decided, and 
fte Peace Corps was the way to “re^ay 
tbegoQdness that was given to me.’ 

. me Peace Corps is changing and Ms. 
Bogdan is part of the reason why. 
■' . W T°day» women, across the range of ages, 
» make up the majority of Peace Corps 
# - Volunteers — 59 percent for this year s 
training class, a record. 

.7 The percentage of female volunteers 
•tv tad traiqgftp has almost doubled. At its 


generally a balance of womea and 
men. 

The rise in female volunteers reflects, 
^ eaj-iy 1970 s, the number of in part, the increase of women in the 
femade volunteers and trainees has con- U.S. work force, according to recruit- 


tintied to grow. Today, 3,867 women are 

UJS. reports “dramatic’’ rise in the 
number of women in jail. Page i 


serving in all 91 of the Peace Corps 

countries. , , 

Women make up the majority of vol- 
unteers everywhere the Peace Corps 
serves except in Asia, where there is 


ers. 

The Peace Corps director, Mark 
Gearan, said this trend “really com- 
pletes die mission of the Peace Corps” 
because “we send people reflecting our 
own country.” 

But also, female volunteers are 
sought to help meet the increase in 
Peace Corps programs focusing on 

See CORPS, Page 6 



lcJvO u MtT*r KjftnJRaam 

A GATHERING OF PILGRIMS — Young Italians arriving Mon- 
day by train in Paris, the first of hundreds of thousands expected to 
attend a weeklong festival that will include Pope John Paul II. Page 5. 

AGENDA 

Couples and Janzen Join U.S. Golf Team 


Tom Kite, captain of the U.S. Ry- 
der Cup golf team, picked Fred 
Couples and Lee Janzen on Monday 
to round out his 12 players for the 
match against Europe on Sept. 26-28 
at Valderrama in Spain. 

The other 10 places were settled 

U.S. Will Back Treaty 

EDGARTOWN, Massachusetts — 
In an apparent reversal, the Clinton 
administration announced Monday 
that U.S. officials will participate in 
negotiations to agree on a 150-nation 
treaty banning antipersonnel land 
mines by year’s end. Until now, the 
United States had refused to join the 
process initiated by Ottawa, instead 
urging a UN conference. (AP, AFP) 


Sunday evening at the end of the PGA 
Championship at the Winged Foot 
Golf Chib near New York. Davis Love 
3d won the tournament, his first major, 
ensuring that be would finish in the top 
10 points leaders and gain an auto- 
matic place on the ream. Page 1 8. 


RAGE TWO 


jVew Ibrfc City’s Angry Haitians 

THE AMERICAS 

Pages. 

The Bug Spray Thai Was a Disaster 

Books 




Opinion 

Pages 8-9. 

Sports 


| The IHT on-line 

http://vwnv.iht.com | 


U.S. Presses 
Its Research 
To Improve 
Nuclear Arms 


By William J. Broad 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Although the Cold 
War ended years ago, the United Spues 
is hard at work on new or modified 
designs for nuclear arms, a formerly 
secret federal document reveals. 

Critics say the document shows that 
the nation is undermining, a treaty that is 
intended to halt innovations in making 
weapons of mass destruction. Govern- 
ment officials strongly disagree and in- 
sist that cbe work complies with the 
international accord. 

The Energy Department document is 
one of the nation’s official plans for 
work on nuclear arms, which involves 
25.000 people in a highly secretive in- 
dustry. 

“The laboratories are currently 
working, on programs to provide new or 
modified designs,” the document says, 
adding that the work “will exercise a 
broad range of design skills.” 

The document says the work on some 
types of warheads includes steps toward 
redesigning the heart of the hydrogen 
bomb, its atomic trigger. 

A declassified copy of the document 
was obtained by the Natural Resources 
Defense Council, a private group in 
Washington that advocates arms control 
and monitors arms work internationally. 
The council gave a copy of the doc- 
ument to The New York Times. 

The document was declassified in 
June and obtained in July after the coun- 
cil sued die Energy Department, which 
maintains the nation’s nuclear arsenal 
for the military. The council plans to 

See ARMS., Page 6 


Crusade Against Crucifix: Does Bavaria Have a Prayer in Court? 

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E&pL ,-$££50 S.AIrica-~R12 + VAr 

JfWten 1.250 JD UAE- 10-00 Dh 

Sa K. SH. 160 US. MB. (Bjr.) -5 1.20 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 



SSfS&c Sin* in state schools, Josef 
Obeimeier never imagined that his antagonists 

w « nisi ass 

«“■* his slreei tossed 

lawn. Finally, a ncigh- 
cmciiix in front of his 

touifffLd Sen Obtained a court order pro- 


Bavarian village, a serene pastoral community 25 
miles southeast of Munich. 

But once Mr. Oberrneier dared complain about 
the crucifix han ging on the wail of his daughter's 
classroom and pressed his argument in the courts, 
the taciturn electrician became the target of a 
vicious hate campaign. 

Mr. Qbenneier’s freedom-of-religion case is 
now wending its way through Germany’s legal 
system, and nobody will be surprised if it winds up 
in the highest court in the land. 

The controversy is assuming new urgency as 
Germany evolves into a multicultural society. 

More than 7 million foreigners now live in 
Germany, a greater number than in any other 
European country. They include Turkish and Ira- 
nian Muslims, Russian Jews and Asian Buddhists. 


In addition, many secular Germans are ques- 
tioning why organized religion should play so 
central a role in their political culture. 

The state collects a church ax to pay the salaries 
of clergy and clerics sit on advisory councils that 
approve content of radio and television programs. 

Germany has found it difficult to break the 
historical bonds Uniting religion, education and 
politics. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl's Christian Democrat- 
ic Union and its Bavarian sister party, the Christian 
Social Union, have deep Christian roots and draw 
much of their political support from churches. 

Since gaming power 15 years ago, Mr. Kohl’s 
governing alliance has been solicitous about pro- 
tecting church interests. The government has re- 
buffed efforts co curtail a church-support tax. 


Mr. Kohl himself has vowed to preserve the 
identity of Germany as “a bastion of Christian 
civilization.” 

With Parliament unable or unwilling to establish 
clear guidelines, the task has fallen to a legal 
system that has become embroiled in volatile con- 
flicts affecting society’s basic institutions. 

Two years ago, Germany’s supreme court struck 
down a Bavarian law requiring the display of 
crucifixes in classrooms because it violated a con- 
stitutional requirement of “religious neutrality” in 
public institutions. 

The ruling was the culmination of a 10-year 
crusade by the Bavarian artist Erast Seler. who said 
he did not want to send his three children to schools 

See GERMANY, Page <S 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 

PAGE TWO 


Accusation of Torture / NeY* Iwnwigrowts Sense Betrayal 


Attack on Haitian Sows Fear and Anger 


By Garry Pierre-Pierre 

New York Tunes Service 


N EW YORK — The choir sang the French 
hymns with even more spirit than usual, 
and the parishioners' shoots of * ‘Amen! 
and “Hallelujah!” seemed to shake the 
church's brick walls. And the preachy's voice, 
normally soft, thundered across the pews. 

“Blessed are you when men revile you and per- 
secute you,” the Reverend Philias Nicolas 2d told 
the congregation at the Evangelical Crusade Church 
in Flatbosh. Brooklyn’s largest Haitian church. 

“If it wasn’t because of Jesus, we would be 
mourning a death,” be said, referring to Abner 
Louima, who is a parishioner at his church as well as 
his nephew. . ... 

Mr. I /wima re main ed in critical condition at 
Brooklyn Hospital Center, a victim of what the 
authorities say was an incident of police torture on. 
Aug. 9. 

After reading the passage in French from the 
Book of Matthew, Mr. Nicolas thanked the regular 
worshipers and the scattering of unfamiliar faces: 
New York City officials and political candidates. 

“This is not a problem of the Nicolas fariiily, nor 
a Haitian problem,” Mr. Nicolas said. “This is a 
problem of humanity and we must act ’ 1 
The incident has sowed fear, anger and a sense of 
betrayal from a community that has traditionally 
tried to keep authority figures at arm's length. 

Many members of New York’s booming Haitian 
population say that the incident has particular res- 
onance not only because of their past m Haiti, where 
the police have been feared as the source of brutal 
oppression and torture, but also because of their 
uneasy status in New York City. 

Although many Haitian immigrants have moved 


quickly into New York’s middle and professional 
classes, many say they still often find themselves 
judged by their “triple minority” status, as im- 
migrants, blacks and non-English speakers. 

“Weare hurt and our psyche is braised,” said Dr. 
Edouard Hazel, president of the Haitian Medical 
Association, a physicians* group based in New 
York. “We work hard and try to move forward. But 
when something like this happens, it leaves you 
with a lot of unanswered questions. ” 

When Haitians began to settle in New York City 
three decades ago, most triad to follow a simple 
credo: work bard and don't get involved with the 
authorities. But many Haitians say that this credo 
has been tested by the chilling accusations against 
the officers in the 70th Precinct. 

One officer has been criminally charged, and his 
partner die night of the attack has been assigned to 
desk duty in a shake-up at the precinct after the 
incident. 

The attack that has been alleged reminded some 
Haitians of a similar scene from a popular Haitian 
film, “The Man by the Shore,” which was released 
in the United States last year and depicts the bru- 
tality of the Duvalier regime. 

“Abner is our man by the shore," said Tatiana 
Wah, chairwoman of the Haitian American Al- 
liance, a community group. “This should galvanize 
die community into taking actions." 

F ACED with a language barrier, little know- 
ledge of American cniture'aad a troubled 
homeland. Haitians in New York have kept 
to themselves. That has left many others 
with the impression that Haitians are a close-knit 
community that is unwilling to broker alliances, and 
hostile to other groups, particularly American-born 
blacks. 

“It’s solid," Serge Demorcy, a longtime com- 
munity advocate, said of the relationship between 
the two groups. “No African- American leader has 
turned his back on us. Thar doesn't mean that there 
haven't been some isolated incidents like children 
calling each other names." 

Ms. Wah said her organization was reaching out to 
other groups as it was organizing a protest inarch 



Raymond Diaz, above, 
the newly appointed 
police commander of the 
7 0th Precinct in Brooklyn 
talking to demonstrators 
after a march last 
weekend protesting the 
alleged sexual assault 
of Abner Louima, 30, a 
Haitian immigrant, on 
Aug. 9 . Mr. Louima 
remained in a Brooklyn 
hospital in critical 
condition. 


from Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn to the police 
department headquarters in Manhattan on Aug. 29. 

As more and more Haitians have settled in New 
York, their relationship with the police has been 
troubled by misunderstanding, many Haitians say. 
Business owners have grumbled that the policehave 
not been doing enough to protect their establish- 
ments. Neighborhood residents have said the police 
have not responded quickly enough to their calls for 
help and have grown morp abusive. 

But as familiar as these complaints are, they have 
not been matched by concerted efforts at political 
involvement or community organizing. 

As relatively new immigrants, many Haitians in 
the city say they have tended to focus their gaze 
backward to Haiti. 

Until recently, they would huddle around radios, 
following the latest events in Haiti. After the over- 
throw of the Duvalier dynasty in 1986, many 
Haitians hoped that they would soon return home. 

In the last few years, a new cadre of second- 
generation Haitian- Americans has developed a 
growing sense of rootedness here and an interest in 
local political life. 

Several events — starting With official state- 
ments in 1990, later rescinded, thar Haitians could 
not give blood because they were believed, mis- 
takenly. to be more likely to carry the AIDS virus — 
have led Haitians to mount protests and form the 
kind of local associations that gain access to elected 
officials and press for better jobs and housing. 




Dlwid Karp/TT« AaaociataJ Phaa 



The first -wave of Haitians 
arrived in New York City in 
the late 1960s as exiles from 
the dictatorship of Francois 
Duvalier, and since then 
Haitians have established 
themselves as an upwardly 
mobile immigrant group 
with a strong work ethic. 

Haitian -Americans esti- 
mate they number about’ 
300,000 in New York City, 
and tiie city Planning De- 
partment’s statistics show 
that between 1990 and 1994, 
nearly 15,000 Haitians 
settled in New York. 

At first, the Haitians 
carved a niche for themselves 
near Columbia University in 
Manhattan where they would 
gather and discuss ways to overthrow Mr. Duvalier. 
But as it became gradually clear that that possibility 
was beyond their reach, the exiles decided to make 
their stay permanent 

By the late 1980s, Morningside Heights was no 
longer the Haitian haven. When gentrification had 
priced the neighborhood out of reach, people began 
moving to Cambria Heights and Jamaica in Queens. 
The new. poorer arrivals settled in Crown Heights, 
Brooklyn. 

Haitian weekly papers, like the Brooklyn-based 
Haiti Observateur and Haiti Progres, report the minu- 
tiae of politics back home. Radio and cable television 
broadcast heated political debates and, increasingly, 
instructions on coping with life in America. 

“We used to think that we were living the Amer- 
ican dream." Kenol Pierre-Louis, 34, said the other 
day. “We were among tile model citizens and the 
dream is now turning bad.” 

Mr. Pierre-Louis shares an apartment in Brook- 
lyn with two friends who left Haiti with him in 
February 1986, days before Mr. Duvalier fled to 
France. He said he had simply given up hope that 
Haiti would provide him a better life. 

Mr. Pierre-Louis eventually earned a diploma in 
beating and refrigeration and is now thinking of 
starting his own business. 

“That’s not bad for a poor guy from the slums of 
Port-au-Prince,” he said “America is still better 
th&n Haiti. But when the police can do something 
like they did the other day, it’s scary." 


Exotic Seaweed Chokes 
Life of Mediterranean 



By Marlise Simons 

New York Tima Service 


NICE, France — No one remembers 
quite what happened in the tropical 
aquarium of a German zoo two decades 
ago, but its experiments with an exotic 
Pacific seaweed, biologists say, have 
unleashed a monster that has escaped 
and is threatening marine life in the 
western Mediterranean. 

The biological alien looks rather-del- 
icaie. It is made up of elegant bright- 
green fronds and n has spawned lux- 
uriant-looking meadows along the sea 
floor, crawling into ports, coves and 
straits. 

What makes Caulerpa taxifolia a 
menace is that it appears toxic to many 
Mediterranean creatures and has been 
suffocating everything in its path. 

A gift from the German zoo to several 
other institutions, it is thought to have 
gotten into the Mediterranean some IS 
ago, when the aquarium of the 
graphic Museum in Monaco 

. its tanks. 

Since then, the invader has prolif- 
erated wildly along the French Riviera, 
around the Spanish island of Majorca 
and off the coast of Italy, and has shown 
up as far away as Croatia. 

By many estimates, it already oc- 
cupies mere than 8,000 acres ( 3,200 
hectares). 

Researchers say that in the past three 
years, it has been mare than tripling 
annually. ■ 

Some scientists have described the 
plant as an aggressive mutant of a far 
more discreet tropical cousin. 

Wherever the newcomer has estab- 
lished itself, it has crowded out most 
other plants and animals, and, most wor- 
rying to biologists, it has smothered the 
beds of native sea grass that serve as the 
nurseries for many species of the Medi- 
terranean. 

“It’s like a tumor that can't be 
stopped and that chokes everything 
around it," said Alexandre Meinesz, a 
professor of biology at the University of 
Nice- Sophia Antipolis, and part of a 
team researching the problem. 

A professor of marine biology at the 
University of Marseille, Jean-Francois 
Boudouresqne, said, “The worst is that 
it produces a monoculture that threatens 
the whole Mediterranean ecosystem.” 

Amateur divers and professionals 
from tiie French and Spanish navies 
have tried destroying the smaller 
patches by hand or by using suction 
pumps, only to see the strands bounce 
back and spread again soon after. 

Some marine scientists propose 
bringing in a predator, some say the 
plant cannot be fought at all 

Mr. Meinesz said of the seaweed, "It 
adapts to any thing — rocks, sand, mod. 
It thrives equally well in agitated cur- 
rents and quiet inlets and in polluted and 
pristine waters." 

The seaweed’s arrival has been traced 
to the WHhelmina Zoo, in Stuttgart 
Germany, which in the 1970s imported 
different kinds of tropical seawrad for 
its tropical aquarium. “It grows very 
well, it looks nice and it’s the ideal 
seaweed for an aquarium,” said Isabel 
Koch, the zoo’s curator of fishes and 
reptiles. 

Zoo officials said their Caulerpa taxi- 
folia came from the Pacific tut they 
could not reconstruct exactly what 
happened next, except that the seaweed 


' was subjected to ultraviolet light, aquar? j . 
t pm chemicals and human selection. « 
French and biologists who^. 

have studied the plant in its Pacific ancU 
Caribbean habitats are convinced that^ . . 
the German zoo, perhaps inadvertently,^ 
created a powerful hybrid- d ... 

“What we have here is a sort of 
monster," said Mr. Meinesz. 

Most astonishing, he said, the plant; 
now grows up to six times the size of the ’,', 
tropical one, spreads fester and quickly . 
dominates its surroundings. * 

The Wilhelmina Zoo gave portions oC 
the seaweed to other aquariums, in-.tfi 
eluding one in Paris and one in Nancy 
Nancy sent some to the Oceanographic^ 
Museum of Monaco. It was beneath tire 1 .’ 
seaside Oceanographic Museum that"' ‘ 
marine biologists spotted the Medito - - ^ 
ranean’s first taxifolia plants in 1984. - 

On the Spanish is land of Msyorca^ 
Antoni Gran, the head of marine ro»’ 
sources, regularly dispatches teams of^ 
divers to the inlets where the weed has,-. 
settled, possibly carried on the anchors “ . . 
of pleasure boars. • — 

“Where this seaweed grows, 
everything else disappears,” Mr. Graoy ' 
went on. “There are no more sea# 
anemones, starfish, crabs, shri mps and4 - 
very few fish. The whole ecosystem 
changes.” -? 

fa. Poet Saint-Cyprien, in France just* 
north of the Spanish border, divers, after 


JL 


‘Monster’ plant thwarts 
efforts of French and 
Spanish Navy divers. 


uprooting all the seaweed in 1991, 
found the blanket was almost 20 times ^ 
bigger in 1993. Last summer, the town '^ ., 
poured 10 tons of salt on a particularly/, 
dense stretch. But only a fourth of the.!; 
treated plants died. 

The seaweed has also defeated the,,/ 
French Navy. It sent down its divecs" 
several times to destroy large meadows,, 
off the city of Hyesres, only to find that, '// * 
perversely, the disturbed fields grew-' 
back even faster. Z 

Although not toxic to people, the £ 
plant's toxin appears strong enough to" 
deter most Mediterranean creatures. In^ 
one experiment, Mr. Boudocresque^, 1 
found mat sea urchins ate their owir > 
waste and resorted to pieces of plastic,^ . 
rather than touch the seaweed. • " 

With European Union funds, re- - 
searchers are now mapping the plant’s 4 
journey and testing ways to destroy / 
An informati on campaign is under way,'-. - 
with 60,000 pamphlets in six Iflngqagps 
asking fishermen, divers and yachtsmen. J ( _ 
to report the plant and, when theycatch, 
it in nets and anchors, not to .tnrqw itj^ 

back into the sea. 

In a laboratory in Nice, biologists, - 
have bred thousands of snails, a species '* 
brought from the Caribbean, where 
devours the local variety of the seaweed. 

The team is awaiting permission from'," 
the French government to unleash tire - 
snail army. But critics fear that the ran- > 
edy may introduce new biological trou-/, ( 
bles. ..- 

Mr. Meinesz, an advocate of die op- 
eration, insists it is safe. “We have',,/ 
proof that the snail only attacks this^ 
seaweed,” be said. “We’ll pot it in the ~ - 
sea in the spring and it will die from cold/ ^ 
in December.” 




WF?'-. ■ 

corn i '' 

fr *- ; ' 

io 

: ■ ■ 

odd'^f T/.? 

fcl* -A-" 
only u ‘".- 

nlOlP- 5 

iUcc^>T : •- 
oetf***- 


Britan 1 ^ an ‘ 

fflrVoIuntaP 

^Evacuation 

Montserrat 


Ever Wonder... 


. . . what the return of Hong 
Kong to Chinese sover- 
eignty means to the British 
colonial customs that have 
mingled with Chinese cul- 
ture for more than 150 
years, giving Hong Kong 
its unique East-meets- 
West flavor? 

Ever wonder 
if double-decker 
buses still ply the 
streets, or if you 
can still see the lights on 
at the governor’s former 
residence in Upper Albert 
Road? Indeed, is it still 
called Upper Albert 
Road, and is there still a 
Queens' Road and a 
Prince Edward station on 
the MTR underground 
railway? 

Can you still take high 
tea in the sumptuous lobby 
of the Peninsula Hotel? 

Ever wonder if the 
noonday gun, immortal- 




ized by English playwright 
Noel Coward, still fires 
each day? Do mad dogs 
and Englishmen still go out 
in tiie midday sun? 

Hie gun will fire as long 
as British trading hong 
Jardine’s loads it up, says a 
government 
spokesman. You 
won’t see too 
many mad dogs 
in urban Hong 
Kong, except for the tra- 
ditional British pubs bear- 
ing tiie name. As for the 
English, there are still 
plenty of them, particularly 
in the pubs. 

The buses still run, as do 
the open-top brass and 
wood antique trains. 

The street names are still 
the same, and the pianist 
still plays at the Peninsula, 
in Hong Kong, where 
wonders never cease. 

http: //www. hkta. org 


HOl9§ St© 


wonders never cease 

Sponsored by the Hong Kong Tourist Association. 



TRAVEL UPDATE 


WEATHER 


•m 


Airlines Lag on Smoke Detectors 

WASHINGTON (AFP) — Many U. S. airlines have not 
installed cargo-hold smoke detectors and fixe extinguishers 
despite the example set by last year’s ValuJet crash, acct 
to the ebainnan of the National Transportation Safety Be 

“I’m mainly disappointed because this goes back to a 1988 
recommendation'' made by the board, James Hall said in an 
interview on NBC television. “Had that recommendation 
been implemented, it is certainly questionable whether the 
ValuJet accident would have happened at all.” 

The safety board is expected to release a report Tuesday on 
the ValuJet crash in Florida in May 1996 that killed all 110 
people on board. Investigators have focused on a shipment of 
oxygen canisters that may have either caused or helped 
intensify a fire aboard the aircraft The Federal Aviation 
Administration has proposed that airlines install smoke de- 
tectors and fire extinguishers within a three-year period. 

Moscow Museum to Reopen in 5 98 

MOSCOW (API — After 1 1 years of renovation, Moscow’s 
State Historical Museum plans to open its doors next year on 
Sept 1. The project to remodel the 125-year-old museum, at 
Red Square, has dragged on for lack of funds. 

A Cruise Line for Orthodox Jews 

HAIFA, Israel (AFP) — A shipping company has launched 
a cruise lin e exclusively for idtra-Orthodox Jews, Israel Radio 
reported- The Royal Dream cruise ship will cany 300 Or- 
thodox Jews on the company's inaugural cruise to Cyprus. 
The Uk rainian owner of the ship has installed special seg- 
regated compartments for men and women, the radio said. 


Europe 



Tofoomm 


Mtft 

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Wah Wti 


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OF 

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24/75 10*0* 

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2 em 

19*B(h 

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Bw*rade 

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2082 16*9pc 


28/7* 

16*1 pc 

20/78 15/99 th 

Bmoseto 

27/80 

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20/78 17*2 oh 

Budspea 

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27*0 15*8 r 

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Comb Del Sc 

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Di*Bn 

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24/78 

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25/77 17*2 pc 


29*4 

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2002 18*1 r 

FronUurt 

26/70 

14*7 pc 

20/77 13*5 a 

Gw™ 

29*4 

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2602 14*7 pc 

HobWa 

28/71 

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22771 13*6 pc 

!Uar*jul 

23/77 

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25/77 17*2 a 

Kiev 

20/M 

11*2 PC 

20*8 12*3 pc 


28*2 

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Latxxi 

27*0 

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London 

28*2 

17*2 pc 

27*0 1B8J4 a 

Madrid 

33*1 

16*1 pc 

34*3 16*1 ah 

MbSOCB 

20*4 

18*4 pc 

28*4 19*8 pc 

Man 

28*2 

16*1 C 

26B2 law pc 

MoacsM 

17/82 

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19*8 12*3 pc 

Mmc/i 

34/75 

12*3 pc 

23/73 13*5 e 

Nke 

26/7* 

20K B c 

28/79 20*06 c 

Oslo 

25/77 

16*1 pc 

25/77 17*2 c 

Para 

28*2 

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27*0 16*1 s 


21/70 

13*5 1 

25/77 12*3 pc 


1S» 

12*3 c 

18*4 0/48 r 

R«e 

2373 

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23/73 14*7 PC 

Romo 

28*2 

IB/M pc 

28*2 16*4 r 

51 P«:ss'jR 21 /TO 15/SOpc 

22/71 15*0 c 

Stoddnkn 

23/73 

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23m 15/50 pc 

SSnMtoiaB 

2MM 

16*1 pc 

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Team 

22/71 

13*5 a 

22/71 14*7 pc 

Ttaisl 

27*0 

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27*0 

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26/79 18*4 c 

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25/77 

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24/re taospo 

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77/BO 

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28/79 16*1 pc 

Middle East 

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437109 29*4 1 

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24/79 a 

40/104 20/79 a 


Forecast tor Wednesday through Friday, as provided by AocuWeather. 



North America 

Pleasant with lots ol sun- 
shine In Boston and New 
York Wednesday and 
Thursday, but showora are 
likely Friday. A storm brew- 
ing in the Midwest will 
spread clouds and rain 
across Chicago and into 
Detroit Wednesday and 
Thursday. Sunny, dry and 
hot across the Southwest. 


Europe 

There coi4d be a shower in 
London Thursday; other- 
wise. pleasant with some 
sun Wednesday Into Fri- 
day. Plenty ol sunshine 
and warm horn Parts and 
Amsterdam to Berlin and 
Warsaw. Norway and Swe- 
den will also have nice 
weather. Rain wHl stretch 
from northern Greece to 
northern flay. 


Asia 

The remains ot Typhoon 
Winnie will cause heavy 
rain over eastern China, 
espodaly near Hong Kong 
and over the Shandong 
peninsula. Bailing and (he 
northeast win be hot with 
some sun Wednesday 
through Friday. Very warm 
to hot and hunid In Seoul 
and Tokyo wrih thunder- 
storms possible. 


North America 


HeneUu 

Mmton 


Today 

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OF OF 
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24/75 14*7 1 
24/76 1M1 ( 
38/97 34/75 pc 
32/89 14/57 I 
24 /TS 13/68 PC 
azm 23/73 t 
30*7 23/79 pa 
28/02 IBM pc 
34/93 20/70 pe 


High 

C/F 

18*4 

31*8 

22/7] 

20/79 

34*8 

30*6 

24/75 

32/BB 

35*6 


w 

OF 

1050 pc 
21/701 
14*7 pc 
10/01 pc 
2303 pc 

1366 pa 

10*1 pc 
24m pc 
23/73 pc 
IBM pc 
26/771 


Mmeapofa 

Ueetrasf 


Mn Yak 
Oitentb 


Toronto 

Voneouroz 

WaaM*k» 


CJf OF 
21/70 10/59 aft 
30*8 SMS pc 
32*8 23/73 pc 
27*0 IBM. 
36*7 247781 
41/106 20/78 a 
23/73 1J05S pc 
28/79 14*7 a 
22/71 SMOa 
23/73 13*5 pc 
28*2 14*7 pc 


M*. 

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ISM PC 
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Logarxfc seumy, peuarty dcuoy, odataty, sh-snowws, Mnurxtorakwns. r-min. stsnow damn, 
srvsnoai, Mae. W-WaaBW. All maps, farocnaw and SB provided by touWatefrer. tec. 0 1907 


Correction 

Because of incorrect information provided by Reuters, a 
caption accompanying apboto in the Business/Finance pages on 
Aug. 14 was erroneous. The photo showed a solicitor acting for 
the Business Software Alliance as be examined disks bought by 
private investigators, not disks captured in a raid in Singapore. 



Asia 



— 


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Turnout** 


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30/88 

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30*0 22/718 n. 

Bangkok 

32/88 

24/75 r 

30*8 20791 

B#ng 

38*7 asm s 

3089 24/75 pc 

Bontony 

2 ane 

24/79 r 

3082 24/75 c 

Cdkasu 

31*8 24/75 r 

29*4 24/759 

CMangMai 

Combo 

3T/88 22/71 r 
2*B4 a*m ah 

31*8 2073 ah 

20*4 25/77 c — 

Hanoi 

31/88 

asm pc 

31/88 20/79 pc 

Ho CM Mb 

31/88 

23/73 i 

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2BW 

20/79 r 

2084 35/77 r 

41/100 

27/80 « 

38ri 02 20791 — 

Jafc&na 

31*8 22771 a 

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Karachi 

33*1 

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33*1 2082 pc- 

K-Lunpu- 

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KKreMu 

31/00 

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prefer** ■ : 

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remains: _r: 

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day tea: •'-* 
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panic. Dera.:- 
plan were 
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being kt:sj 
M ansfield s.~" 
Frank Saw:-.-’- 
Be: * 

for±ccc!~\ ■: ■ 
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filter eK 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 



sissippi ‘ Cotton Poison’ Creates an Environmental Disaster 


— - — » i pm affviff 

To^his — 

WalTs^ ^tamers. P)ml 

1116 back Mhu 
ItkJl s * em au> .. he . ( J 

aix> “ ^ much - 
Jr; ifie smail towns alone Mis- 

coasl ' Mt - 

XHjJ** 1 ?* ^brated for his 
o&T*" a mysterious, 
SSHj 9 COOCOcti °n that Ob- 

ife"* 1 caches and anything 

•Jfe ** slithered or ciiwtei 

Odly later, after he was arrestS 

$“ SSr 00810 ? 1 ® 15 discover that it 
People, too. 

.Mr. Walls’s pesticide business 
was shut down last fall after fed- 
eral agents — following com- 
plaints from competing extermi- 
nators — discovered he was 
illegally using methyl parathion, a 
nenrotoxin so lethal that it is 


sometimes used in suicides. But 
by then, Mr. Walls and a business 
associate, a local preacher named 
Dock Eatman Jr., had sprayed 
poison into scores of homes, 
motel rooms, restaurants and even 
day-care craters. 

In the process, officials say, 
they helped launch whar could 
soon become one of the decade's 
costliest environmental disasters, 
with consequences that are only 
now being fully realized. 

Today, more than nine months 
after Mr. Walls and Mr. Eatman 
were arrested, 1,213 Mississip- 
pfans remain exiled from their 
homes because of toxins that 


to fibers and plastics. The interi- 
ors of nearly 500 buildings are 
being stripped to the bare studs 
and rebuilt, all at U.S. taxpayers' 
expense. Entire trailer homes are 
being demolished. Furniture, car- 
pets and appliances are being 
hauled away and replaced. No one 
has died, but dozens of people 
have complained of flu-like 


symptoms while others are wor- 
ried about future health problems 
from a pesticide whose long-term 
effects are not fully known. 

The cost is enormous. The $22 
million spent so far is 
about half the $40 mil- 
lion the Environmen- 
tal Protection Agency 
expects to spend this 
year to clean up the 
damage and com- 
pensate the evacuees. 

The case already has 
set a new standard for 
pesticide misuse, 
while raising ques- 
tions about the effec- 
tiveness of laws drat control the 
distribution of farm chemi cals 

“It’s unparalleled,” said 
Hagan Thompson, a spokesman 
for the EPA’s Region IV in At- 
lanta, “We’ve never seen a case 
of this magnitude, affecting so 
many people and costing so much 
money.” 

But the problem is not confined 
to Mississippi. Batches of methyl 


partition that paginated in the 
Deep South have apparently been 
carried north by other amateur 
exterminators who have created a 
web of contamination that ex- 


An exterminator illegally used a 
lethal neurotoxin inside scores of 
homes and other buil ding s — even 
day-care centers. It killed the 
roaches, but today 1,213 persons 
remain exiled from their homes. 


tends to Louisiana, Arkansas, 
Tennessee, Ohio, Michigan and 
Illinois. In Chicago alone, the 
EPA is expected to spend $20 
million to clean up after Reuben 
Brown, a retired butcher who 
sprayed hundreds of homes and 
apartments with what clients 
called “the Mississippi stuff.” 

Nationwide, the epidemic of il- 
legal pesticide-slinging could 


cost 

the federal hazardous waste 
cleanup program known as Su- 
he cost is estimated to 
three times the amount of Su- 
perfund money spent 
in 1983 to purchase di- 
oxin-taimed Times 
Beach, Missouri. 

For the officials in 
charge of the cleanup, 
u is an enormous and 
extraordinarily messy 
problem made messier 
by complaints about 
the cost as well as by 
. . — . the opportunism of 
some homeowners, 
who hope to parlay disaster into 
free upgrades. 

The government, which prom- 
ised to shoulder the cost of re- 
moving and replacing contamin- 
ated material, is paying as much 
as $40,000 to rebuild shanties tfwf 
were on the verge of collapse. At 
one such bouse, a pink and purple 
cottage with a rotting porch and 
sagging roof, workers struggled 


to find beams sturdy enough to 
support new panel walls. Yet the 
elderly owner insisted cm a special 
textured ceiling speckled with 
gold glitter. 

Methyl parathion is marketed 
under several trade names and 
used primarily by fanners as a 


boll weevils and other cotton 
pests. It is relatively safe if used 
outdoors because it breaks down 
into harmless compounds after 
several days of direct sunlight 
But indoors, it can remain deadly 
for mouths or even years. 

Despite its extreme toxicity — 
a single teaspoon can kill — no 
deaths have been reported in any 
of die cities where die pesticide 
was sprayed. But medical tests 
have found scores of people with 
elevated levels of methyl para- 
thion in their blood, aid many 
others have experienced symp- 
toms from nausea arid dizziness to 
breathing difficulties. 

Since November, federal pros- 
ecutors have mounted an aggres- 


sive campaign to catch and pro- 
secute the small band of black- 
market exterminators responsible 
for most of the damage. Six have 
been arrested and five have been 
convicted, including Mr. Walls, 
62, who was sentenced last month 
to six and a half years in prison — 
the longest continuous prison 
term ever assigned for a purely 
environmental offense. 

A former pipefitter who is de- 
scribed by his lawyer as partially 
deaf and illiterate, Mr. Walls 
started his door-to-door home 
pesticide business after acquiring 
a commercial license to buy 
methyl parathion for use on crops. 
His own words and those of his 
lawyer, James Hull, a Moss Point 
municipal judge, paint a portrait 
of a simple roan who believed that 
becoming an exterminator would 
make him important. 

* ‘I could go somewhere I’d nev- 
er been before, meet people I nev- 
er met before,” be testified at his 
trial. “I had no idea it would hurt 
anyone. Thai’s God’s truth.” 


Britain Plans 
For Voluntary 
^Evacuation of 
Montserrat 


Ct*q^b?0*rS*$PnnDb fKK hB 

. SALEM, Montserrat — Britain was 
preparing Monday for the voluntary 
evacuation of what remains of the pop- 
ulation of Montserrat, saying t hat it 
could no longer rule out the possibility 
of a “cataclysmic-intensive eruption” 
on the Caribbean island. 

All bat about 4,000 of the British 
colony’s 11,000 residents have left 
since the volcano became active in 
1995. At least 10 peopledied in a violent 
eruption on June 25. Most of those 
remaining are crowded into shelters in 
tire nigged north. 

•a. Officials in Montserrat stressed Mon- 

® day that the northern part of the island 
was safe and that residents should not 
panic. Details on a voluntary evacuation 
plan were being worked oat, they said. 

“There is no question abbot anyone 
being forced off the island,” said Clive 
Mansfield, a staff officer with Governor 
Frank Savage’s office. . . , 

Bottfee/ British minister responsible : 
for tbe'cOlony Sard Monday- that he could ' 
nolongcr rideout a cataclysmic event . 
ttidtcooldfeugulf the entire' island, which ' 
is about 250 miles (400 kilometers) 
southeast of San Juan, Puerto Rico. 

“Over the past 24 hours the volcano 
has become much more dangerous,” 
George Foulkes, the international de- 
velopment minister, said in London. 

“The recent increase in explosive 
activity is such and the uncertainty at- 
tending any hypothesis about the vol- 
cano's capacity to go cataclysmic are so 
great teat the potential hazard cannot be 
taken to be zero,” he said. “The con- 
sequences of such an event, if it did 
occur, would be extreme and anywhere 
on the whole island could be signif- 
icantly threatened.” The British des- 
troyer Liverpool beaded toward the is- 
land Monday, and communi ty le aders 
■ considered organizing extra femes to 
evacuate residents. (AP , AFP ) 



No Toiling in Vineyard for Clintons 

It’s 3 Weeks of Tennis, Horses, Books - and a Hammock 


By Peter Baker 

Washington Post Service 


The Clinton group arriving at Block Island, Rhode Island, on their way to 
the Vineyard.. Chelsea Clinton, in hat, brought a friend, Rebecca Kolsky. 


MARTHA’S VINEYARD, Mas- 
sachusetts — Just a year ago, the image 
would have been the stuff of nightmares 
for his political consultants. 

As President Bill Clinton and his 
family disembarked from Air Force One 
for the stan of their summer vacation, 
there to welcome teem were the tele- 
vision stars Mary Steenburgen and Ted 
Danson. The Clintons greeted them like 
die old friends they are. But the picture 
of the first family hobnobbing with ce- 
lebrities in this sanctuary for the rich 
and famous was precisely the vision that 
led his advisers to keep him away from 
here for die last two years. 

After two poll-approved August out- 
ings in the mountains of Wyoming, the 
election is history, and the president and 
Hillary Rodham Clinton are again sum- 
mering on this Massachusetts island 
with friends from Harvard and Hol- 
lywood. Hiking and camping are out 
Stargazing and beach reacting are back. 
And if any of his consultants don't like 
it, well, Mr. Clinton no longer has rea- 
son to care. 

While it will be the third major pres- 


POLITICAL NOTES 


ideatial vacation in Martha’s Vineyard 
during the Clinton era, this getaway 
promises to be unusual in several 
ways. 

For one, it will be the longest of Mr. 
Clinton's peripatetic presidency and 
there is some friendly wagering among 
his staff about whether he will really last 
three weeks before growing bored. For 
another, it will be the last family retreat 
before Chelsea, his 17-year-old daugh- 
ter, leaves home for Stanford University 
next month. 

As emotional as dm may be, aides 
said the president also needs die break to 
recharge his batteries. In the days before 
his departure, he seemed distracted, al- 
most burned out — far more interested 
in the greens in the Vineyard than the in- 
box in the Oval Office. 

“Every other conversation you have 
with him, it seems to come up,” the 
White House press secretary, Michael 
McCuny, said as the vacation ap- 
proached. 

“Both of them are really looking 
forward to this vacation,” said Deputy 
Counsel Bruce Lindsey , one of the Clin- 
tons’ closest friends and their constant 
traveling companion. “They’re tired 
and they’re ready for some time off.” 


As they have twice before, the Clin- 
tons are staying without charge at the 
20-acre (8-hectare) Oyster Pond spread 
of Richard Friedman, a Boston real es- 
tate developer whose property boasts 
tennis courts, riding horses, a hammock 
and even a pet pig named Lucy. That 
hospitality, valued at an estimated 
$10,000 to $15,000, is legal for a pres- 
ident, according to White House law- 
yers, but it prompted critical local news 
reports because Mr. Friedman is fight- 
ing with the federal government over 
plans to build a hotel on public land. 

The president brought along a copy of 
Ken Burns's coming PBS special on 
Lewis and Clark and a heavy book list, 
including “John Marshall: Definer of a 
Nation,” by Jean E. Smith; “Betrayal of 
Science and Reason: How Anti-Envi- 
ronmental Rhetoric Threatens Our Fu- 
ture,” by Paul R. Ehrlich; “Thinking in 
Time: The Uses of History for Decision 
Makers,” by Richard E. Neustadt and 
Ernest R. May, “God: A Biography,” by 
Jack Miles, and “Assimilation, Amer- 
ican Style,” by Peter D. Satins. 

“Those are the serious tomes,” Mr. 
McCuny said. “Thar’s the bag in the 
right hand. The bag in the left hand has 
got all the trashy beach novels.” 


Cuomo and Bennett Join 
To Lead Fight on Drugs 

WASHINGTON — The political opposites 
Mario Cuomo and William Bennett are joining 
forces to lead an advertising campaign aimed at 
dissuading young people from using illegal 
drugs. 

Mr. Cuomo, the liberal former Democratic 
governor of New York, said over the weekend 
teat he and Mr. Bennett, a conservative Re- 
publican who served as President Ronald Re- 
agan's drug policy coordinator, would announce 
officially Sept. 3 teat they would assume lead- 
ership of the Partnership for a Drug-Free Amer- 
ica- 


Together, they plan to seek $350 million from 
Congress and private sources io bombard young 
people with prime-time anti-drug messages. 

President Bill Clinton's $16 billion anti-drug 
strategy for 1998 calls for a $350 million media 
campaign if private sources provide half the 
money. 

“If we get the bill, they’ll see more of these ads 
more often,” Mr. Cuomo said. 

Although tee television industry already 
donates some air time to public service messages, 
including the partnerships ads, Mr. Cuomo said a 
more concerted effort is needed. 

America’s use of drugs has declined sharply 
over the past 15 years — from 20 million people 
to 12 million, according to the latest government 
statistics. But teenage drug use in the past five 
years has done a turnaround, rising sharply. (AP) 


New York Election Law 
Spurs Political Activity 

NEW YORK — A year ago, when New York 
City voters upheld a measure limiting elected 
officials to eight consecutive years in office, it 
was widely predicted that term limits would cre- 
ate a seismic shift in tee feces of officeholders 
when term limits take effect in 2001. 

But tee advent of term limits has apparently 
helped to unleash a torrent of political activity 
folly four years earlier than expected. 

With many officials forced to leave office in 
2001, many incumbents are scrambling for other 
jobs. And the vacancies left by those incumbents 
have drawn out candidates for their old jobs. 


“The 1 996 vote on term limits stoned the 
political equivalent of musical chairs teat we're 
seeing right now,” said Jeffrey Plaut, a partner at 
Global Strategies Group, a political consulting 
firm in Manhattan that is working with some City 
Council incumbents. “It's encouraged chal- 
lengers to seek office and incumbents to look at 
other offices. No one wants to be standing without 
an office when tee music stops.” (NYT) 

Quote/ Unquote 

Vice President A1 Gore as he walked near 
Mammoth Hot Springs on tee 125th anniversary of 
Yellowstone’s becoming tee first national pork: 
'This crown jewel has always been a place of 
1 wonder, tee process of ongoing creation. It 
us with respect for its creator. ” (AP) 


Bolivians Craft a Guerrilla Theme Park to Lure Tourists: Che’s World 


By Anthony Faiola 

Washington Post Service 


fALLEGRANDE, Bolivia — See tee very 
x where Che Guevara lived and died. Trudge 
High tee mud-covered hillside tee guerrilla 
isdf once climbed. Talk to the peasants who 
and clothed him and his band. And don’t miss 
pwes grave where his bones, minus tee hands 
t were chopped off 30 years ago and sent back 
Idel Castro, were discovered. • * 

iexe in the wilds of central Bolivia, Che the 
ostry is flourishing. With the recent excav- 
tfl of Mr. Guevara’s remains, the ffad where 
n frariemari c communist spent his final days is 

^eachwoTtowalkinteetr^ksof^ 

want’s combat boots. Locals pakfle soft 
iks and snacks to tourists at double normal 

*s and, if you need a Che backpack, pmor 
_ ana, u j . » vAn A concert 



SteSOth anrivemry 


group of Bolivian companies now selling tee Che 
Route to tour operators worldwide. 

A physician and scion of. a prominent Ar- 
gentine family, Mr. Guevara rewrote Latin 
American history by becoming a radical rev- 
olutionary and a catalyst in the Castro forces’ 
overthrow of Fulgencio Batista, tee Cuban dic- 
tator, in 1959. 

Cb e — whose given name was Ernesto but who 
was nic knam ed for tee Argentine expression for 
“hey. paL” which be often used — then at- 
tempted single-handedly to launch a communist 
Domino Effect in South America. His mission in 
Bolivia, however, lasted less than a year before he 
and his men were captured and executed by the 
army, with help from the CIA, in 1967. 

Mr Guevara became a pop icon. Even as 
communism has faded, legions of fans raross the 
world have romanticized Che’s ideal of stealing 
from the rich to give to the poor. They oung love 
him for tee rebellion he conjures. The middle- 
aged love him for tee nostalgia he brings of the 
Epical lives they lived before tee minivan, the 
job at Microsoft and tee 2.2 kids. 

“Che is memories forme/ said Paul Rouwel- 
ec,46, a teacher at a high school near Amsterdam, 


as he looked down at tee red earthen pit where 
Mr. Guevara’s bones were excavated near an 
airstrip in Vallegrande. “We waved Guevara’s 
banner in the university square as students and he 
meant equality and justice.” 

“And he was very sexy, too,” added Helga 
Mayer, 50, a pilgrim from Ladwigshafen, Ger- 
many. 

The signs of Che Chic are everywhere — and 
decidedly capitalist Several movies are in the 
works, including a big-budget project by Warner 
Brothers. The rock group Rage Against tee Ma- 
chine used Che on the cover of its latest CD. For 
the armchair terrorist, Che watches are now 
available. Three major Che biographies were 
published in tee last year and two are planned for 
next year. 

On the streets of Buenos Aires in his native 
Argentina, Che photo albums — many con- 
taining borderline beefcake shots of the bearded 
guerrilla — cover souvenir stands. Che T-shirts 
are for sale from London to San Francisco. And 
the high-tech Che fen can check out hundreds of 
Che-related sices on the Internet. 

His leftist comrades have rationalized tee mar- 
keting frenzy into something positive. 


Bolivians understandably smell gold. Bat they 
lost a big nugget fast monte when Che’s newly 
discovered bones were shipped to Cuba after 
scientists identified teem genetically. The Castro 
government is doing its part for Che tourism, 
building a mausoleum in Santa Clara, Cuba, 
where the braes will rest 
That left the Bolivians down, but not out. 

The sexiest stuff — including the death site — 
is still here, on tee trail where Che, disguised at 
first as a Uruguayan businessman, came in 
November 1966 with a tiny band and a plan to 
turn this forgotten patch of earth into an in- 
ternational training ground for communist guer- 
rillas. 

The severely asthmatic Mr. Guevara combed 
these mountains, often by donkey because walk- 
ing made breathing difficult. 

His diary, later sold to a publishing house by a 
Bolivian Army officer, suggests teat even toward 
the end, after be had lost several men to desertion 
and army bullets and was himself wracked by 
depression, he never quite realized how desperate 
his situation had become. 

ft is a longing to reclaim Che’s memory teat 
brought, on arecent Saturday night, 31 European, 


Bolivian and U.S. tourists to tee sidewalk outside 
tee offices of a tour company in Sucre, the 
judicial capital of Bolivia. Along with Santa 
Cruz. Sucre is one of two launching points into 
Che Country. 

As they prepared to embark on the bus for the 
seven-hour night journey to tee histor oute, tee 
tourists began swapping Che stories. . . i not the 
ideological kind. 

“Where did you get teat pin? ’ a Dutchman 
asked a German teenager donning a fashionable 
Guevars badge. “They were selling t 1 . i in «'.e 
cafrS,” tee German replied. “Where were 1,0 j?” 

The journey traverses a rugged landscape of 
winding mountain roads, arid lowlands and ra- 
ging streams where Mr. Guevara hiked with his 
men, attempting to coax the locals into providing 
food and drink. 

One of die two main stops on tee trail is La 
Higuera, where Cbe was killed after a brutal 
interrogation. 

La Higuera had 70 inhabitants in its heyday; 
today, only about 20 people live there, tending a 
few animals and a general store that stocked up 
00 soft drinks, bottled water, candy and Cbe 
postcards once the tourists started coming. 



leforadaythe 
iy. {Reuters) 

searcher in Chicago mired stuttering 
Wand helped three other children by 
S speechon videotape and usm gibe 



f food inspectors has been sent to a 
million pomris of 
o find the source of E- coh buotena- 
meat recalls in the country iAP) 



A ‘Dramatic’ Rise in Arrests of Women 


By George Lankier Jr. 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — A growing per- 
centage of the adults on probation and 
parole across the United States are wom- 
££ according to a Justice Department 

re *Whil£ men still commit many more 
crimes, there has been a “dramatic in- 
crease in tee number of women tures- 
ted” over tee past decade, said Allen 
Beck of the Bureau of Justice Statistics. 
As a result, women also are a rising 
oercentage of the prison population 
^In 1996, Mr. Beck said Sunday, there 
were mom than 650.000 womra on pro- 
Stan. 21 pereemof all pt^atiooera. 
The 79,000 womra on parole make up 
11 percent of tee total. 


In 1990, women represented 18 per- 
cent erf all probationers and 8 percent of 
parolees. 

The report, compiled by Mr. Beck and 
an agency statistician, Jodi Brown, said 
there were about 3.9 million adults on 
probation or parole at the end of 1996, an 
increase of 3.4 percent from the year 
before. Another 1.6 million were in jail 
or prison, putting the total correctional 
population in the country at 5.5 million, 
a new high. 

Men still account for four of every 
five arrests, but Mr. Beds said there has 
been increasing involvement of womra 
in crime. For instance, be said, between 
1986 and 1995 there was a 12 percent 
increase in the number of men arrested 
but a 38 percent increase in tee number 
of arrests of women. 


Arrests for driving while intoxicated, 
Mr. Beck said, show a striking change. 
Women accounted for 5.5 percent of 
those charged in 1986, but 14 percent in 
1995. 

Overall, women accounted for 17 per- 
cent of ail arrests in 1986 and 20 percent 
in 1995, the most recent year for which 
those numbers are available. In terms of 
offenses far which parolees are being 
supervised, Mr. Beck said, fraud, lar- 
ceny, theft and drug offense s are more 
prevalent among women than men. 

Die study also showed teat more pro- 
bationers and parolees are being locked 
for new offenses. In 1996, 18 percent 
all probationers released from su- 
pervision were later incarcerated for a 
rule violation or a new crime, compared 
with 8 percent in 1985. 




MEDITERRANEAN YACHT MOORINGS 

For Sale 



Cannes; Fort Canto 
Antibes 
GoKeJuan 
Golfe Juan 
Golfe Juan 
GoKeJuan 

50 Meters 

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$ 1,700,000 
$2,000,000 
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Porto Cervo 
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Tel: 33 4-93 633-633 Fax: 33 4-93 633-634 





PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


ASJA/PACIFIC 


Singapore Leaders Sue 

Foe Over ‘Defamation’ 

Campaign * Innuendo 9 Called a Danger 


The Asvocuaed Press 

SINGAPORE — A defamation case 
opened Monday in which Singapore’s 
prime mini ster and 1 0 other government 
l eader s are suing an opposition member 
for a factual comment he made at a 
campaign rally. 

Monitors from Amnesty Internation- 
al and the International Co mm i s sion of 
Jurists were in the packed, wood- 
paneled courtroom in the High Court to 
hear the case a gains t the Workers* Party 
leader, J. B. Jeyaretnam, 7 1 . one of three 
opposition members in Parliament 

Mr. Jeyaretnam said at a Jan. 1 cam- 
paign rally that his party colleague had 
filed police reports against Prime Min- 
ister Goh Chok Tong “and his 
people." 

The police reports had been filed, and 
the factual basis of Mr. Jeyaretnam’s 
comments would usually get sucb a case 
thrown out of court under laws in some 
other countries. 

Under Singapore law, based on the 
British system. Mr. Jeyaretnam is being 
sued over the “innuendo” of his stale- 


Typhoon Causes 
Chaos on Taiwan; 
Death Toll at 24 

Cmpdedbf Oar Staff From DUpacka 

TAIPEI — The first tropical 
storm to hit Taiwan this year caused 
landslides, destroyed buildings and 
flooded streets, killing at least 24 
people. 

The typhoon, packing winds of 
up to 92 miles an hour, was moving 
toward the Chinese coast at IS mph, 
the central weather bureau said. 

More than 28 inches of rain fell 
in northern Taiwan over 13 hours 
Monday, causing severe flooding 
round the capital, the bureau said. 

Flights to Japan and domestic air 
traffic in and out of Taipei were 
canceled, and airplanes moved 
south for safety. 

Twelve people were crushed to 
death when land beneath apartment 
buildings gave way and slid down 
the side of a mountain in the nearby 
suburb of Hsichi. 

Another 12 people remain 
trapped in the Hsichi collapse, in 
which dozens were injured, and the 
death toll was expected to rise, res- 
cuers said. 

In Dan county, 28 miles east of 
Taipei, a man fell to his death after 
being blown from an apartment 
building that he was apparently try- 
ing to break into, the police said. A 
fisherman drowned after being 
swept off a breakwater by high 
waves. 

Offices and schools were closed 
in the capital and other areas of 
nonhem Taiwan. 

Flooding in suburban Taipei 
reached the second floor of some 
homes, and furniture, bicycles and 
refrigerators floated down 
streets. (Reuters, AP) 


ment, or the likely effect on the crowd 
that heard it. 

Members of the People's Action 
Party, which has won every election 
since 1959, frequently targets critics 
and opposition candidates with defa- 
mation lawsuits - and tax-evasion 
charges. The coarts usually rule in favor 
of government members and award mil- 
lions of dollars in damages in those 
cases. 

Prime Minister Goh, Senior Minister 
Lew Kuan Yew and nine others have 
filed the string of defamation lawsuits 
that could ban Mr. Jeyaretnam from 
Parliament if Judge S. Rajendran rules 
against him . 

Mr. Gob. is to be the first witness after 
the plaintiffs show a video of Mr. Je- 
yaretnam at the rally on the eve of 
voting. Hie trial is expected to last more 
than 12 days. 

The governing party won 81 of 83 
seats in the Jan. 2 .elections, and Mr. 
Jeyaretnam was given a “nominated” 
seat afterward under a law that requires 
at least three opposition members to sit 
in the Parliament. 

Defending the barrage of lawsuits, 
the governing party's leaders say they 
cannot ignore attacks on their moral 
character and reputation for honesty. 

“No one is ever going to think more 
of someone if -they are told he's been 
reported to die police," said a British 
attorney, Tom Shields, representing the 
prime minister. 

Mr. Jeyaretnam’s foil statement, 
which is the basis of the lawsuits, was: 

“Mr. Tang Liang Hong has just 
placed before me two reports he had 
made to police against, you know, Mr. 
Goh Chok Tong and his people.” 

A few hours before the rally, Mr. 
Tang, a candidate, filed the police re- 
ports in which he accused the prime 
minister and other government leaders 
of criminal defamation and conspiracy. 

They had issued a series of speeches 
and comments in the pro-government 
press and an go verameat-co atra Lied 
television, accusing him of being “anti- 
Christian,” “a Chinese chauvinist” 
and “a dangerous man.” 

When Mr. Tang said in an interview 
in the pro-government Straits Times 
that they were lying about him, he was 
slapped with 13 lawsuits, including 
some that sued him for what he said in 
the police report. 

He has since fled Singapore, where be 
faces arrest on a tax-evasion charge, loss 
of property and an 8 milli on Singapore 
dollar (S5.7 million) libel judgment 

Mr. Shields said that by telling die 
crowd that his party colleague had filed 
two police reports, Mr. Jeyaretnam be- 
came responsible for their content 

Mr. Shields also said that Mr. Je- 
yaretnam was responsible for further 
publication of the defamatory news on 
the police reports when the Straits 
Times, and the government-licensed 
Business Times reported his remarks 
the next day. 

George Carman, another British law- 
yer, spoke for Mr. Jeyaretnam. He said 
that 95 percent of the evidence die 
plaintiffs would present should be 
judged inadmissible because it dealt with 
statements made by Mr. Tang or tty the 
government leaders about Mr. Tang. 



i Dnfcc/Tfae Aaocuied Pm 

J, B. Jeyaretnam, right, target of defamation suit, leaving the Singapore 
High Court on Monday with his British attorney, George Carman- 


Malaria Under Attack 

Scientists Map Global Battle at Talks in India 


Reuters 

HYDERABAD, India — Hun- 
dreds of scientists gathered Monday 
in India in hopes of re invigorating a 
global effort to control a resurgence 

of malaria 

A century alter the discovery that 
mosquitoes spread malaria, organizers 
of a five-day conference on parasitic 
illnesses said that the disease had 
made a comeback and now contrib- 
uted to 3 TniiHon Heathy a year. 

“One hundred years ago there was 
hope this disease could soon be elim- 
inated," the World Health Organi- 
zation’s Southeast: Asian regional di- 
rector, Uton Rafei, told the 
conference. “However, malaria is 
still with its as an enormous global 
health problem.” 

The conference, with about 700 
delegates, was timed to coincide with 
the discovery in August 1897 by Ron- 
ald Ross that mosquitoes transmit 
malaria. 

Mr. Ross, who had suffered from 
malaria and was strode by cholera just 
before his discovery, made his break- 
through in die southern Indian city of 
Hyderabad, die site of the confer- 
ence. 

One aim of the gathering was to 
raise global awareness of me mag- 
nitude of the problem and the paucity 
of resources devoted to combating 
malaria, compared with money spent 
on some diseases that are more pre- 
valent in rich countries. 


Malaria kills more people each 
year than have died from AIDS in the 
last 15, according to the Malaria . ] 
Foundation, which is based in New ,j 
York. 

About 40 percent of the world’s 
population, or about 2_5 billion 
people, are said to be at risk in more - j 
than 90 countries. 

Most of die vic tims axe children. 
More than 1 million die of the disease 
each year. 

Malaria, which was thought to be 
under control in much of the world 
only two decades ago, has became 3 
resistant to many dings and insect- *• 
icides. 

“We were complacent after oar?] 
initial successes,” V. Ramalin- 1 
gas wanri of the All India Institute of 
Medical Sciences said. 

Outbreaks have quadrupled in the 
last five years, with cases recorded in 
the United States and Europe for the 
fast time in d e cades. 

Africa bears the brunt of fee prob- ‘ 
Iran, with about 90 percent of all , 
deaths by malaria. 

In India, malaria was almost wiped ~ 
out but has staged a comeback. 

Between 1950 and I970,thecoun- 
oy ’s eradication program reduced an- T 
nual infections from 75 millioa to 
100,000, and deaths from 800,000 to 
virtually none. 

But over the last two decades the 4 
trend has reversed, with four epidem- “ 
ics since 1994. 


SUMMIT: China Moving Slowly on Proposals by U.S. 


BRIEFLY 


Continued from Page 1 

say. They add that Mr. Jiang is eager to have a 
useful and substantive but noucontroversial state 
visit to the United States to help seal his supremacy 
at home after the death of Deng Xiaoping. 

“We're throwing ideas at them ana suggesting 
how to bridge the gaps toward some real agree- 
ments,” a senior official said. “They've got sane 
thing s to think over.” 

China ’s continued pattern of j ailing political 
dissidents and leaders of religious groups not sanc- 
tioned by the government has drawn considerable 
anger among both human rights groups and mem- 
bers of Congress. And the FBI is investigating 
allegations that the Chinese funneled money into 
tire 1996 election campaign. 

“Berger made crystal clear the difficulty Jiang 
will face in fee U.S. in terms of public, media and 
congressional reaction, especially about human 
and religion,” said another senior official, 
le {niched it in terms of things they should be 
thinking about now to make fee s ummi t better, 
arguing fear they should think of fee summit as 
starting now and ending Oct 30." 

The Chinese leaders engaged “in great detail” 
in “a clear, candid discussion, wife questions.” 
another official said. “I think Jiang gets it” 

The Chinese complained to Mr. Berger about 
pervasive anti-China sentiments in Congress, the 
officials said, and again denied that fee Chinese 
government illegally funneled money into fee 1996 
U.S. election- Urey also urged Mr. Berger to stem 
support in Washington for a more independent 
Taiwan, including offering it a United Nations 
seat 

Mr. Clinton is hoping that be will get sufficient 
grounds for (terrifying that China is now careful 
enough about nuclear expats that a 1985 nuclear 
cooperation agreement can finally go into effect 
The pact would allow such U.S. companies as 
Westingbouse and General Electric to sell com- 


mercial nuclear equipment to China, including 
reactors. 

U.S. officials say much progress has been made 
on the nuclear issue, especially during Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright ’s fourth meeting this year 
wife fee Chinese foreign minis ter, Qian Qichen. 
The meeting was held last month in Malaysia. 

But snags remain. The United States first wants 
to ensure that China wiQ not share any nuclear 
equipment, technology or training wife P akis tan or 
Iran. A combination of U.S. pressure and a poor 
Iranian payment history led China recently to sus- 

Eave canceled fee sale of a uramunwxHmrsion 
facility feat particularly waned Washington. 

China has kept to its 1996 deal wife fee United 
States not to assist any unsafeguaxded nuclear 
program, meaning Pakistan. But China has not yet 
pot into place effective export controls for nuclear 
materials, components and especially dual-use ma- 
terials — which could be used either for peaceful 
purposes or a weapons program. 

In August, fee Chinese State Council approved a 
national export control program in principle, the 
officials say. but the Americans are pressing China 
hard to put fee program into effect and to develop a 
similar set of controls on dual-use items. 

Finally, fee Americans want China to take part in 
a nuclear nonproliferation c ommi t te e of equipment 
suppliers, known as fee Zanger committee, that 
prepares lists of equipment that should not be 
exported. Mr. Qian told Mrs. Albright last month 
that China would join and attend its first such 
meeting in October, fee officials said. 

In the past, fee United States has imposed sanc- 
tions on China for nuclear and missile sales to 
Pakistan and Iran. On May 21, after many warn- 
ings, it imposed sanctions on some Chinese chem- 
ical companies fa knowingly selling Iran materials 
that can be used to make chemical weapons. 

The United States is also concerned about sales 
to Iran of Chinese anti-ship cruise missiles. 


See 

Wednesday’s hten—rhet 


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International 
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ads work 


Manila Chief Assails Ship Owners 


CtmpledbrOtr Staff FnmDispaKtus 

MANILA — President Fi- 
del Ramos of fee Philippines 
called Monday fa punish- 
ment of negligent ship own- 
ers after three domestic pas- 
senger boats sank in one day 
last week, wife a loss of at 
least 22 lives. 

“The tragic but avoidable 
disasters of a few days ago 
occurring within a span of 24 
hours underlines fee need to 
stop, prevent and punish the 
neglect and the greed that lead 
to fee unnecessary loss of 


lives, property and good 
will,” Mr. Ramos said. 

He said one of fee inci- 
dents, in which seven Hoag 
Rong Chinese tourists 
drowned Friday after their 
sightseeing boat capsized in 
choppy waters in Manila Bay, 
occurred near fee navy 
headquarters. 

The police reported Mon- 
day fee arrest of the owner of 
fee sightseeing boat and two 
crewmen on charges of reck- 
less imprudence resulting in 
homicide. (Reuters. AP) 


Hun Sen Traps Foes in Village 

P’ONG. Cambodia — The relentless advance of Hun 4 
Sen’s troops stalled Monday when their royalist op- 
ponents held fee mine-ringed high ground protecting fee 
last opposition stronghold. 

Troops loyal to Prince Norodom Ranariddh, fee de- 
posed joint prime minis ter, aided by Khmer Rouge guer- 
rillas, have so for prevented Hun Sen's fighters from 
talcing fee village of O'Smach, where about 20,000 pro- 
Ranariddh soldiers and civilians are trapped. 

The village lies against die barbed-wire border wife 
Thailand, and Thai offi cials said they would let the 
refugees in only if their lives are in immediate danger; 

Hun Sen drove Prince Ranariddh’s forces into northern 
Cambodia after staging & bloody coup in fee capital on 
July 5 and 6. Wife nowhere left to run, fee resistance is 
makin g its first determined stand at O’Smach, aided by a 
virtually impregnable mountain, which they hold. (AP) 

North Korea ’s Nuclear Energy 

SEOUL — A South Korean ship carrying 81 Western -j 
diplomats, journalists and South Korean contractors left 
for North Korea on Monday to begin fee “historic” 
construction of nuclear plants there. 

Aboard fee vessel Hanara were senior representatives 
of the United States, South Korea and Japan as well as 
other members of the Korean Pe ninsu la Energy De- 
velopment Organization, known as KEDO. 

KEDO was formed in 1995 by Seoul, Washington and 
Tokyo after a landmark United States-Norfe Korean 
agreement It calls for the construction of light-water 
reactors in return for Pyongyang’s promise to halt its 
suspected atomic weapons program. (Reuters) 

Workers Protest Labor Law 

JAKARTA. Indonesia — Banner-waving workers 
numbering about 500 protested outside Parliament 
against a new labor bill that they said would violate their 
rights. 

Human rights activists also criticized provisions of the 
new Manpower Bill, which was submitted to fee 500- 
member Parliament earlier this year. And debate restarted 
in fee House of Representatives on Monday. 

The government said the bill was a necessary reform 
designed to bring together 14 existing labor regulations, 
some of which date back to pre- World War II Dutch 
colonial rule. (AP) 

A Stubborn Soldier Is Jailed 

HANOI — A forma South Vietnamese soldier who 
continued to fight tire Communists long after fee foil of 
Saigon was sentenced to 10 years in prison by a court in 
fee southern resort town of Vung Tau. Nguyen Long Si 
was convicted of “committing activities aimed at over- 
throwing the People’s government,' ’ fee official Vietnam 
News Agency reported. (AP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


PAGE 5 


EUROPE 


Young Pilgrims Begin Flowing Into Paris for Festival With the Pop* 


By Craig R. Whitney 

N ov York Tima Sm-ir* 


gs SSSSKBBfc 

JSSj •“ q»»* of *e MadS Shta 

£>a« agn “P fw *0 12* World Youth 

fe w 55® ““"f *«“ ^ thousands streaming 
from aU over the world to meditate on the 
tnnsgan message at the invitation of Pope John 

®*S VBd last week 3^ stayed with me 

RrivSfrlLJ** 11 , boys ' hostess, 

who brought therein from 
psrant Moret-sur-Lomg because she thought it 


would be too far for them to commute. The 
gathering starts officially Tuesday with an open- 

airMass to be celebrated by Jean-Marie Cardinal 
Tustiger, the Archbishop of Paris, who said 
Monday night that he was encouraged by the 
last-minute registration rush. 

The Pope does not arrive here until Thursday 
morning, and whether as many young people as 
he expected would show up clearly had the 
organizers worried right up to this week. 

‘I? 1 wiU probably be around 350,000/’ said 
“““PP® MoriJion, the retired French general 
whom President Jacques Chirac and Prime Min- 
ister Lionel Jospin put in charge of coordinating 
actions by French official agencies to handle the 


crowds “But there could be 500,000 to 600,000 
on Sunday morning/’ added General Morilion, 
who commanded United Nations peacekeepers 
during pan of the war in Bosnia. 

That is when the Pope will celebrate a Mass at 
the Longcbamp race track, once the site of an 
abbey. 

Church organizers appear to be hedging their 
bets, distributing sign-up sheets all over the city 
(hat said there would be “more than 300,000 
young people from 130 countries/’ 

The largest single delegation from abroad is 
expected from Italy, with 50,000, followed by 
Poland with 30,000. 

About 13,500 are expected from the United 


french Socialist Assails Pact 
Made by EU in Amsterdam 

I an g Says Federation Is Needed to Revitalize Europe 

mg the way to EU exi 


States and smaller delegations from more than 
100 other countries. 

Participants pay 95 francs (SI 6) a day for 
meals, programs and transportation. 

Trying to organize anything in Paris in August, 
let alone a gigantic logistical operation to house, 
feed and transport hundreds of thousands of 
young people more apt to listen to their hormones 
than to homilies is a challenge, what with most 
Parisians having abandoned the city to foreign 
tourists for their annual summer vacation. 

“We started the planning a year ago/’ said 
General Morilion. 

He added that the S42 million budget for the 

event, all financed by the organizers from ad- 


BRI EFLY 


mission fees and contributions, would even re- 
imburse the state railways and the Paris subway 
for the costs of extra trains and buses needed to 
move the visitors around. 

But in a country still reverberating from the 
shock of its 1789 revolution and one committed 
since 1905 to strict separation of church and 
state, some people wondered why taxpayers 
should have to pay for the 6,000 to 7,000 police 
officers needed for crowd control. 

The Pope’s plan to pray privately over the 
grave of a friend who was a militant' in the anti- 
abortion movement in France, where termin- 
ation of pregnancy was legalized 22 years ago, 
has also aroused criticism. 


Reuters 

I PARIS — An influential Socialist 
member of the French National As- 
sembly has vowed to oppose the Am- 
sterdam treaty, saying it would open the 
way to the decline of the European 
^nion. • 

j In an article published Monday in the 
daily Le Monde, Jack Lang, chairman of 
Ipe National Assembly ’ s foreign affairs 
committee, called the accord signed at 
jjjst June’s EU summit in Amsterdam 
> a nimp treaty’ ’ papering over cracks. 

T" We demanded that the EU be turned into 
4 federation to regain its momentum, 
j “I will not ratify the Amsterdam 
treaty as it is now being presented,** he 
^rote. “And deputies in several na- 
tional parliaments are prepared to do the 
sSme. The path chosen in Amsterdam is 
pot the right one, neither in its vision nor 

S method. By patching up and adding a 
at of glossy paint, we have merely 
plugged the leaks of a ship without a 
skipper, a course or an engine.” 

I The Amsterdam summit meeting 
produced a watered-down accord pav- 

Italy to Expel Refugees 

[ Reuters 

[ BARI. Italy — Albanian refugees 
living in shelters in southern Italy 
Vowed Monday not to reram home de- 
-i spite an Aug. 31 deadline fra: their re- 
* palliation. 

; Prime Minister Romano Prodi said 
Sunday that authorities would enforce a 
deadline requiring some 10,000 Albani- 
an refugees who poured into Italy earlier 
this year to leave by the end of the month. 
They bad been given three-month visas 
and offered accommodation in shelters. 


mg me way to tu expansion into East- 
ern Europe and enabling the group to 
push ahead with plans for a single cur- 
rency from 1999. 

The accord papered over French and 
German differences on jobs and budget 
austerity, approving a plan demanded 
by France's new Socialist government 
to bolster jobs and growth, as well as a 
stability pact championed by Germany 
to limit budget deficits. 

Mr. Lang, a former culture minister, 
said the treaty showed Europe's apathy 
in the face of “a vigorous, creative and 
conquering'’ United States. 

He called on the 1 5 EU member states 
not to take in new members unless the 
group's institutions were overhauled. 

“We expect from the new French 
government a strong and original ini- 
tiative that can weigh on the destiny of 
oar nations/' he said. “Only one pros- 
pect could return strength and hope: 
creating a European federation.” 

Mr. Lang said the European Com- 
mission, Parliament, central bank and 
Court of Justice were already virtually 
federal institutions. “Only one insti- 
tution is missing: a federal govern- 
ment,” he said. 

He proposed that the EU appoint a 
political figure to tour member countries 
and discuss proposals for new institu- 
tions that would later be put, not to an 
intergovernmental conference but to a 
constituent assembly. That constituent 
assembly would share out economic, 
political, educational and cultural 
powers between the proposed federal 
government, states and regions, he said. 

“Rejuvenating the ~ institutions 
should go together with a new deal in 
Europe’s economic and intellectual 
policies,” he said 


Blair-Jospin Meeting Is Set 

SAINT MARTIN D'OYDES, France — Prime 
Minister Tony Blair of Britain said Monday that he 
would meet his French Socialist counterpart, Lionel 
Jospin, during a weeklong holiday stay in south- 
western France. 

“1 know he lives nearby. We will see one an- 
other,” Mr. Biair, flanked by his wife and children, 
told reporters during a stroll through the village of 
Saint Martin d’Oydes. 

He said he and Mr. Jospin would probably discuss 
current events, European matters and ties between 
Paris and London. 

Mr. Blair did not say when the meeting would take 
place, but officials in London said earlier Monday 
that it would be Friday at a private lunch at the 
Blairs’. 

The British leader, his wife, Cherie, and their three 
children arrived in France from Italy on Saturday 
after a stay in Tuscany. Mr. Blair met Prime Minister 
Romano Prodi of Italy in Bologna on Aug. 2. 

They were expected to remain in the village for 
about a week, staying at the home of David Keene, a 
London lawyer. Saint Martin d’Oydes is 30 ki- 
lometers (20 miles) from Mr. Jospin's constituency 
of Cintegabelie, south of Toulouse. (Renters) 

Aide Slain in St. Petersburg 

ST. PETERSBURG — A senior official respon- 
sible for selling off state property was killed by a 

S Monday in what appeared to be yet another 
_i linked to organized crime, the police said. 
Mikhail Manevich was killed and his wife was 
wounded on their way to work when a sniper fired 
eight bullets into their car. The driver was not hurt. 

Local police, who declined to be named, said a 
sniper firing from a nearby building escaped after the 
attack. 

Mr. Manevich was vice governor of the Leningrad 
region, which adjoins St Petersburg, and head of the 
local state property committee, charged with selling 
off state assets. 

Dozens of businessmen and government officials 
have been killed in recent years, many of them in 
apparent disputes over stale property. The govern- 
ment is selling off property to introduce a market 
economy, and there have been repeated claims that 



* 1 


>y* 


- ^ ->* '• 
* ' ■' ♦ % 




IN FOCUS — Egon Krenz, file last hard-line Communist leader of East Germany, looking at 
photographers Monday before making a final statement in his trial, with two other Politburo 
members, for the deaths of would-be fugitives at the Berlin Wall. The verdict is expected Aug. 25. 


lucrative assets are sold for less than their true 
value. 

The killings are blamed on organized crime and 
are rarely solved. (AP) 


The lawyer for France Soir, Marc Lou vet argued 
that Mr. Papon was presenting himself as “a scape- 
goat and a suffering victim,” and that the editorial 
merely described the charges against him. A verdict 
is expected Aug. 25. (AP) 


Ibpon Sues Paris Newspaper ^ Start anParaOhoad 

PARIS M*>uri/v* Punnn firino trial fr»r i-rirru»c •/ 


PARIS — Maurice Papon, facing trial for crimes 
against humanity during World War JO, demanded 
damages Monday from a Paris newspaper for calling 
him a * ‘zealous servant of the Nazis.” 

The lawyer for the former Vichy official, who goes 
on trial Oct 6 in Bordeaux, demanded l millio n 
francs ($160,000) in damages and interest for the 
editorial, which ran Aug. 8. 

“What is an attack on presumption of innocence? 
It’s to present someone as guilty before the verdict” 
said the lawyer, Jean-Marc Varaut in court Mr. 
Varaut said the editorial, which also called Papon an 
“ex-collaborator,” was tantamount to "a call for a 
judicial lynching.” 


LONDON — An 1 1 -year-old boy is about to 
become Britain's youngest known father after mak- 
ing his 1 5-year-old girlfriend pregnant British news- 
papers reported Monday. 

Sean Stewart lives next door to Emma Webster in 
the village of Shambrook, in southeast England, and 
neither f amil y disputes that he is the father of the 
baby she is expecting in January. 

The girl told the Daily Mail newspaper she 
planned to have the baby and hoped to reram to 
school while her parents looked after tbe child. She 
said she hoped the boy, whom she first thought was 
15, would be involved in its upbringing. (Reuters) 








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PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


IsraelisGive Arafat 
Some of Frozen Funds 
After Bomb Clue Help 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Service 

JERUSALEM — Israel announced 


halt the delivery of fruit and some elec- 
tronic goods from Israel as of Monday. 

Besides blocking the transfer of funds 
owed to Mr. Arafat’s authority, Israel 


onMonday a partial release of Pales- has prevented up to l^AJO^^mian 
tmian funds owed to-Yasser Arafat’s workers in Gaza and the West Bank from 


self-goverinng authority. 


The money was frozen in the wake of three weeks, 


reaching their jobs in Israel for nearly 


the suicide bombing last month at_ a 
Jerusalem r r>ar k^ t in which two terrorists 
blew themselves up and killed 14 oth- 
ers. 

The decision to transfer nearly S8 
million came after Palestinian intelli- 
gence agents turned over to their Israeli 
counterparts samples of explosives dis- 
coveredlast monm in a West Bank bomb 


factory. 

The CIA station chief in Israel also 


The loss of wages has proved the 
worst' hardship for most Palestinians 
since the closure was invoked as a se- 
curity measure after the July 30 bomb- 
ing. 

Israeli officials said they were aware 
of die economic burdens that were being 
imposed on the Palestinians, but they 
emphasized that the problem could be 
quickly solved once Mr. Arafat decided 
to crack down on terror suspects and 


attended the tripartite meeting Sunday their underground military 


night that was viewed as a key test of 
whether trust can be restored in the fight 
against terrorism. 


Mr. Netanyahu’s aides praised Mr. 
Arafat's action in the case of three Pal- 
estinian car thieves who woe charged. 


The Israeli government of Prime Min- found guilty and sentenced to long pris- 
ister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomed the on terms within hours of their arrest for 


show of cooperation but insisted that the the murder of an Israeli taxi driver in 


Palestinian Authority must demonstrate Jericho. 



Yeltsin Upbeat^ Jof 
(hi Chechnya - 
After Meeting /g 

Rebel Leader f | v 


W i« 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltein 
said Monday that Russia’s problems . 
with the breakaway republic of , 
Chechnya could be worked out peace- 
folly, and he announc ed that a com- 
mission would be set up to wade out 
differences. 


UVIMiWU. 

Speaking at the end of talks here with ) jg 
5- Chechen president, Aslafr$ 


the Chechen president, - Aslan 
Maskhadov, Mr. Yeltsin said' Russia 
wanted to r et ai n some authority in tins 
region, including joint control over bctr- : 
ders and airspace. /’ 

- “We should continue further steps id 
respect to the freedom of the Chechen 
Republic,” Mr. Yeltsin remarked to rot 


ti'J . 
pi-r-- : 
.. 

■ 10 
'■ */- r ' . 

1 J-. - 


further resolve by rounding up terror 
suspects and dismantling their infra- 
strQcmre before irwiil hand ovsr the rest 
of the money. 

Israel says it has withheld about $34 


The aides insisted, however, that the . _ ... . .. . . T - 

essentiaLteston security cooperation has Beating traditional African drums of peace instead of war, an Israeli musician, Lior Shai, in wiute T-shirt, 


still not been passed. 

“The mam thing has not been done: 
unconditional, systematic and incessant 


gathered a group of Palestinian youths on Monday in the old open market of the tense city of Hebron in the 
West Bank to try a new approach to understanding. An Israeli soldier in the square joined in cm a drum. 


million tut the Palestinians msist-that— Palestinian Authority actions against the 


they are owed $62 million in back tax 
revenues and customs duties. 
Palestinian officials demand imme- 


terrorist groups,” said the cabinet sec- 
retary, Danny Naveh. 

At the top of the list of targets in the 


diate repayment of all impounded funds crackdown are leaders of the military 
and say they will proceed with a boycott wing of the Islamic resistance move- 


of Israeli goods unless they gain sat- meat known as Hamas. The fundamen- 
is faction. talist group, which is said to number no 

About S9 million worth of Israeli ex- 
ports arrive daily in Palestinian self-rule \ T'HP A |’ Y IZ’ ■ IX. L 
areas in Gaza and the West Bank, and a -TjL A Axxv^JV* JtiO m lSrtti 
prolonged boycott could damage the Is- 
raeli economy. Continued from Page 1 

“We don’t accept these compromis- 
es/’ said Maher Masri, the Palestinian generally tried to steer clear of the fight- 


mote than 100 active fighters, has 
claimed responsibility for several ter- 
rorist bombings in Israel and is widely 
suspected of masterminding the latest 
attack, at a Jerusalem market. 

Israeli security sources said the names 
of prime terror suspects were passed to 
the Palestinians after the bombing. 


They include Mohammed Deif, the 
chief of military operations for the 
Izzedin al Qassem Brigades, as the 
Hamas military wing is called, and his 
deputy, Muhi Adin Sharif. 

Mr. Deif was anointed the successor 
to Mohammed Yayha Ayyash, nick- 
named “The Engineer” for his alleged 


ammed Deif, the bombmaking prowess. Mr. Ayyash was 
erations for the killed 1 8 months ago by a booby-trapped 
Brigades, as the cellular telephone in an assassination 
is called, and his plot widely believed to have been con- 
arif. ceived and executed by Israeli agents, 

ted the successor But Mr. Arafat has balked at dis- 
a Ayyash, nick- patching bis police forces againstHamas 
r” for his alleged leaders in the way he did earlier. 


ATTACK: Pro-Israeli Militia in Lebanon Shells Sidon to Avenge Killing of Children 


Continued from Page 1 


matters reached the point Monday at 
which Lebanese forces lobbed artil- 


in full and we need to be paid on 
time.” 

He said that in absence of full pay- 
ment. the Palestinian Authority would 


big but were reported Monday to have 
retaliated with mortar and artillery fire. 

About 30,000 Syrian soldiers are 
stationed in Lebanon, where Damas- 


According to Israeli officials, the 
three civilians killed Monday morning 
when a bomb exploded as their vehicle 
passed near the village of Hue, outside 


cus remains the chief power broker. If meshed in the fighting. 


lery shells at pro-Israeli militiamen, as when a bomb exploded as their vehicle 
was reported by several wire services passed near the village of Hue, outside 
and Israel radio and television, that Jezzine, were two children of a former 
could raise the danger that Syrian militia commander, Assad Nasser. Ma- 
forces themselves might become en- jor Nasser was killed in a similar road- 


officials said they believed that his chil- 
dren's death had ignited a powerful emo- 
tional response by the pro-Israeli mi- 
litiamen. who rarely before have been 


jezzine, were two children of a former involved in attacks against Lebanese ci- 
militia commander, Assad Nasser. Ma- vilians. 


side bombing four years ago, and Israeli 


MIR: 

Computer Failure 


Continued from Page 1 


docking had been delayed from Sunday 
because of an earlier glitch. The docking 


is a routine but ticklish procedure, and 
went seriously awry in June when the 


went seriously awry in June when the 
freighter rammed Spektr, a research 
module on Mir. 

There are two systems used for dock- 
ing. The most common in recent years 
has been an automatic system, originally 
developed in the Soviet era, in which 
Mir and the freighter come together us- 
ing radios to communicate .with each ■ 
other -and without much help from the 
crew. But the Russians have also been 


trying to master the technique of manu- 
ally docking the two ttaft ' using tfile^ 


ally docking the two craft using tele^‘ 
vision cameras on both, in which the Mir 
commander manipulates them with joy- 
sticks. It was in the middle of such a 
manual docking that an overloaded Pro- 
gress freighter hit Mir in June. 

According to Russian officials, the 
Progress was about 250 meters (800 
feet) away from Mir when the computer 
failure occurred. The newly arrived Mir 
commander, Anatoli Solovyov, took 
over manually and successfully brought 
in the cargo ship. 

Assuming the computers are turned 
back on. the commander is to lead a 
dangerous internal spacewalk into the 
Spektr to reconnect wires that were 



.Ueuodcr NanOHiVApno- (nw-PniK 

Staff members at Space Mission Control Center, near Moscow, studying a model of tbe Mir station Monday. 


“It was as if (he string snapped.” said 
Uri Lubrany, the coordinator of all Is- 
raeli activities inside the occupation 
zone. 

Like the earlier attacks, Monday’s 
roadside bombing was attributed by 
Israeli officials to Hezbollah, whose 
popular support runs so deeply in 
Sidon that roadside signs and statues 
honor the slain guerrillas it hails as 
martyrs. 

Israeli commanders were urging 
all sides to refrain from further at- 
tacks on civilians. But they put the 
primary blame on Hezbollah, and 
describing the bombardment of 
Sidon. a city of about 200,000, as an 
understandable reaction to the road- 
side bombing. 

“Obviously Lahd must have felt ah 
obligation to protect his civilians, and I 
can understand what he did,” said Major 
General Anrirara Levine, who heads Is- 
rael’s Northern Command. “But at the 
same time, we object to any and all 
shootings of civilians.” 

Brigadier General Oded Ben Ami, the 
chief Israeli Army spokesman, referred 
Monday night to the roadside bombing 
as “an’ act of terror’’ but said of the 
shelling of Sidon: “I don't want to get 
involved in a Lebanese affair.” 

Israel television reported that tbe Is- 
raeli government had issued a complaint 
to the five-nation team responsible for 
monitoring the April 1996 understand- 
ings in which all sides agreed to stop 
targeting civilians. That complaint ac- 
cused Hezbollah of violating the agree- 
ment, and made no mention of General 
Lahd's militia, the report said. 


Mr. Maskhadov appeared reserved’, 
after the talks bat said a negotiated set - - 
dement could be worked oULy- f 7 

“We’ll prove to our peqjde ifitot wfc 
can settle the problem by diphnnatM; - 
means,” the rebel leader said. . : . 

In a step reflecting Mr. MrafcfifoV rt’fr 
efforts to curb runaway crime jjj, . 
Chechnya, a Russian tejevifflon'prm ^ ; 
list and two of her crew were Jiced by 
Chechen abductors and they left Grozny 
for Moscow, it was repeated here. - r 

The journalist, Yelena Masyuk, and A’, 
her colleagues spent more. than throe 
months until Chechen authorities freed 
them Sunday night andarrested three of 
their captors. 

The chief Russian negotiator with - 
Chechnya, Ivan Rybkin, made it clear 
that Moscow would not formally red-' 
ognize the region’s independence de- 
spite its readiness to grant a strong de- 
gree of autonomy to the. Caucasian 
region. 

“We are pressing today foe die 
Chechen Republic of Ichkeria to be rec- 
ognized as an independent sovereign 
state.” Mr. Maskhadov said at a news 
conference. “Da what form, time will 
telL” 

“During this lengthy discussion ben-'. 
tweeu two presidents, both came to the . 
common opinion that we must take this 
step,” he added, saying it was vital for 
stability not only in Chechnya but also is . »• 
Russia. j.';W 

He voiced confidence that ordinary - : 
Russians would support the move. - 

“Today, I saw in the president of the 
Russian Federation a man, perhaps the 
only man, who can deride matters,” the 
Chechen leader said. 

Then, alluding to Russian militaxyad-' 
vances and conquests over the centuries, 
he added. “And make peace afro* 400 
years of war.” 

“Derisiveness is demanded,” he 
said. “One must take responsibility, I 
think Boris Nikolayevich possesses such 
characteristics.” 

Mr. Maskhadov said he hoped a joint 
Chechen-Russian commission could be- 
gin work as early as next week on fro-, 
paring a final political settlement, -an' 
outline of which tbe Chechens presented • • 
to Mir. Yeltsin on Monday. 

He said he believed Mr. Yeltsin un- 
derstood the Chechens' need far inde- 
pendence after their long struggle. 

Russian news agencies earlier quoted 
Mr. Yeltsin as saying he was ready to' 
negotiate a long-term political deal with •. 
Chechnya, but he made it clear that he 
still viewed the rebel region as an in- . * 
tegral part of Russia. -^1 

Mr. Rybkin, the negotiator who is also 
secretary of Mr. Yeltsin’s pobcy-mak-’ 
ing Security Council, later hinted that 
Moscow was ready to consider even' 
extravagant options for Chechnya as 1 
long as they did not look like an outright 
secession. 


Kenya P ,a 


2 poiit‘ ellia 


QernttV^ 


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u 


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Nusrat All 


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severed when tbe crew abandoned the 
module. The wires would help boost 
Mir's power supply. 


i would help boost ARMS: Despite End of the Cold War, U.S. Scientists Press On With Their Research to Improve Nuclear Weapons • 


■ NASA Keepe Options Open 

NASA officials said Monday that 
they were keeping, a close eve o n the 
crippled Mir and keeping their options 
open. Agence France-Presse reported 
from Washington. 

Thus far, the National Aeronautics 


Continued from Page 1 


and Space Administration was going 
ahead with plans to send David Wolfe up 


anead wtm plans to send David W one up 
to replace Michael Foale on board Mir in 


September, said a NASA spokesman, 
James Hartfield, in a telephone inter- 
view from Houston, Texas. Mr. Hart- 
field said that a final decision would be 
made the week preceding the rendez- 
vous of the shuttle' Atlantis with Mir 
around Sept. 25. 


make the document public Tuesday, 
.along with an analytical report, “End 
Run,” that accuses the government of 
bad faith in its weapons work. 

In interviews, officials of tbe Energy 
Department denied that the agency was 
making new weapons and insisted that it 
was only modernizing bid designs, de- 
spite the language of the document 

The goals of the work, they said, 
included increasing the warheads* life, 
safety and security, and allowing new 
kinds of weapon emplacements — but 
no increases in explosive power. 

■ But the council disagrees and says the 
work in some cases is meant to increase 


the power and precision of the weapons 
and to strengthen them for purposes tike 
penetrating deep into the earth to knock 
out enemy bunkers. 

The dispute centers on the nation's 
adherence to the intent of the Com- 
prehensive Test Ban Treaty, for decades 
sought by arms controllers. Its goal is to 
halt the development of new weapons of 
mass destruction by imposing a global 
ban on nuclear detonations. 

President Bill Clinton signed the ac- 
cord in 1996 and the United Nations 
endorsed it. The treaty has been signed 
by 146 nations, including Russia, China 
and the other declared nuclear powers. 
But the U.S. Senate has yet to ratify it. 

In seeking support for the treaty last 


year, officials of the Clinton adminis- 
tration stressed that the ban would rule 
out all new weapons and. in effect, be a 
technological barrier that would end the 
nuclear arms race. 

Yet the secret plan says that even with 


no explosive tests, an army of higb- 
technoloey machines and personnel is 


technology machines and personnel is 
working to upgrade and replace a wide 
range of thermonuclear arms. 

The work is focused an the B-61, a 
bomb for planes; the W-87. a warhead 
for MX missiles, and the W-76 and W- 
88, which are warheads for submarine- 
launched Trident missiles. 

“The Clinton administration has 
failed to exercise adequate policy and 
fiscal oversight” over the nation's 


bomb- making complex, argues the re- 
port by the Natural Resources Defense 
Council, criticizing the $4 billion budget 
for the weapons work as too generous. 

“It’s the wheels of the Cold War 
grinding on,” Christopher Paine, a se- 
nior researcher at the council and co- 
author of the report, said in an interview. 
“The military is working with the old 
assumptions and moving forward with 
the same kinds of programs there had 
been with nuclear testing.” 

“You can 't fault the military so much 
as the political leadership,” be added, 
“for not coming up with a new paradigm 
for the role of nuclear weapons in in- 
ternational security.” 

Mr. Paine wrote the report with Mat- 


thew McKinzie, a nuclear physicist at- 
the council who did graduate research at 
tbe Los Alamos National Laboratory in 
New Mexico, tbe birthplace of the atom-.' 
ic bomb. 

Victor Reis, the architect of the na- 
tion’s bomb maintenance p t ogt am and 1 
assistant secretary for defense programs 1 
at the Energy Department, said in an! 
interview that the council was wrong. 
The department is designing no new 
weapons, he said, contrary to the couni’ 
oil’s claims and the language of th£- 
fonnerly secret document 

The programs for the B-61, W-76, W- • 
87 and W-88 are meant to imorove or! 


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GERMANY: Artist’s Crusade Against Crucifixes in School 


CORPS: Women Take Lead as fblunteers 


Continued from Page 1 


in which they would be horrified by what 
he called the “image of a bleeding, half- 
naked male corpse” that depicted Jesus 
Christ dying on the cross. 

Far from settling the issue, the de- 
cision provoked an unprecedented wave 
of public protest across Bavaria. Ger- 
many’s second most populous state with 
11 million citizens and a strong Roman 
Catholic heritage. Premier Edmund 
Stoiber of Bavaria accused the court of 
issuing “an edict of intolerance that 
wounded the very soul of Bavaria.” 

The Christian Soda! Union, which 


protest of 30,000 people to demonstrate 
the depth of disenchantment with the 
supreme court. 

Mr. Stoiber’s government then began 
to work_ around die court Tilling. "It " 
amended the law to allow for the re- 
moval of a crucifix from a classroom or 
public building if somebody-whaobjects- 
gives sufficiently valid reasons far tak- 
ing it down. 

Enter Josef Obermeier. He escorted 


his 6-year-old daughter, Yasmine, to 
class on her first day at tbe local public 
school and said he did not want his child 
to stndy in the shadow of tbe crucifix and 
asked that it be removed. 

That was when his troubles started. 

“I gave what I thought were sensible 
reasons.” Mr. Obermeier said, adding 
thar a religions symbol had no place in a 
classroom, “especially if it represents a 
church that is anti-democratic in nature 
and practices sex discrimination by re- 
fusing equal rights to women, such as the 
chance to become priests.” 

Mr. Obermeier told tbe schoolmaster 
that die church had no place in school; 
the Catholic hierarchy seemed to be 
against science; it once treated Galileo as 
a heretic and refused to recognize that 
the Earth is round instead of flat. 

Mr. Obermeier ’s rationale was rejec- 
ted as “too polemical and not suffi- 
ciently personal/ ’ 

Local courts backed the school’s de- 
cision, so. Mr. Obermeier decided to 
march the case up the legal ladder. The 

Bavarian state court is expected to make 
a decision soon, and Mr. Obermeier said 


that his lawyers were already preparing 
an appeal to the nation’s supreme court 
in Karlsruhe. 

“How can any school or coart decide 
that reasons must be personal and not 
political?” Mr. Obermeier asked. 

“It’s like saying it is only acceptable 
to object to Hitler because of his ugly 
mustache and not because of the way he 
persecuted Jews and otber minorities.” 

The publicity that has been focused on 
the village embarrasses Johannes Man- 
gels, Bruckmuehi’s school director. 

“We are talking about a special situ- 
ation.” Mr. Mangels said. 

“This is not just a question of re- 
ligion, It’s about cultural traditions go- 
ing back more than a thousand years, and 
the crucifix is one of our most cherished 
historical symbols. 

“We respect basic human rights, but 
in a peaceful democracy the minority 
must consent to go along with the ma- 
jority view.”. 

However the high court rules, the in- 
tersection of religion, education and pol- 
itics in Germany will remain an explosive 
social battleground for years to come. 


Continued from Page I 


women. Many of the major players in 
countries across the world — partic- 
ularly at tbe community level — are 
women, Mr. Gearan said. 

“Invariably,” he said, "the local 
spark plug in die community is a woman. 
When you do so much for the women, 
you can improve the entire family.” He 
quipped that volunteers were sent to 
assist “the African farmer and her hus- 
band.” 

So, Mr. Gearan said, it seems natural 
and necessary that the number of female 
volunteers increases as the number of 
programs involving women increases. 
“Tbe cultural, barriers are eased, and 
the volunteers can go about the mission 
of our work.” 

Christopher Doherty, who served in 
Liberia and the Dominican Republic and 
is now the regional recruitment coordin- 
ator, explained the connection. “Some 
assignments in tbe Peace Corps are go- 
ing to ask for women only, the reason 
being that they’re in a different culture 
working with women ’s groups which we 


cannot assign men to,’ ’ especially health 
issues of women and infants, Mr. Do- 


herty said 

Acknowledging this, tbe Peace Corps 
recently announced tbe Loret Miller 
Ruppe Fund for the Advancement of 
Women, which is being established in 
memory of the woman who directed the 
Peace Corps from 1981 to 1989. She 
died last year. 

The fond will provide small grants to 
support the community-based projects 
that are designed to strengthen the role of 
women in the development of their 
countries. 

Through these projects, the Peace 


jor redesigns that would raise the power 1 

-of their thermonuclear blasts, he said, i 
Mr. Reis added that the weak outlined ' 
in the plan was wholly consistent with ■ 
the goals of the test-ban treaty and had 
been widely vetted by administration ; 
officials and Congress, contrary to the ' 
council’s criticism. , 

In defending the work, Mr. Reis used ! 
an automotive analogy to suggest that its 
nature was modest: “When you take 1 , 
your car to the shop and put a new battery ' V* 

in 9n/1 o»»r a rinn ink !»V .rill ri.. -u ... • 




in and get a ring job. it*s still the old car. , 
At some stage or the game you may even 
rebuild the engine, but it’s still the old 
car.” . - ; 

Tbe growing controversy over the 
secret work has prompted some prom- > 
inent experts to call tor new national J 
policies. 

Hans Bethe, a Nobel laureate in phys- 
ics who oversaw the birth of tbe atomic , 
bomb during World War H, recently 
wrote to President Bill Clinton aslring 
f°t apledge of no new weapons, 

’’Tuc time has come for our nation to 
declare that it is not working, in any way, ' 
to develop further weapons of mass de- 
struction, he wrote. 

The White House has made no such 
declaration to stop the development of 
nuclear arms, even though it supports a 
tiraty that it says would ultimately' 
achieve that end. 1 . 


Corps plans to focus on education, point- 
ing out that in much of tbe developing 
world, access to education is limited — 
especially for girls. The volunteers work 
to educate the parents and community 
members on the importance of educating 
their daughters. 

“I’m not a big feminist, but it feels so 
good to show the women that they have 


a voice,” said Ms. Bogdan, who worked 
in a women -in -development program 
while in Romania. 


H/ Wr , . 









bacxjl 


ielui n 

**u> 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 

INTERNATIONAL 


PAGE 7 


For India and Pakistan, an Old Stripe on the Ground Still Divides 


S S^ d J S d K ZeroPoint ^P^°f capitals last week, set conditions that marching at high speed to the frontier 

Ss,? 1 ? 1 ' 168 ', *** ** teU SmUWy to thwart their efforts. strip, with a high-stepping, stamping 

WA 9 AH BORDER CROSSING fn ST/dT how reI ? tions between The main issue, now as it has been for gait, then pausing inches from each oth- 
inrfiT Ardu&kevef v^ evening crowds of Sn!,w changing as the 50 yeare.is the divided territoiy of Kash- er, hands on hips, exchanging haughty 

gatfer^^ *£££? *** ** 50lh M - «*■ * e Himalayan region of snow- stares. 

rn j - line across a narrow capped mountains and lakes just north of As crickets chirp in the trees, the 

f k “jfbnjab. a region that was divided are . most at the border crossing. Two of tbe three Indian flag of white, orange and green, 

when British India was partitioned into tW0 ™* es stage a flag- wars between India and Pakistan were with its spinning-wheel emblem, comes 

}he separate countries of India and 11181 reflects d* de- fought over Kashmir. down inch by inch, precisely in tandem 

Pakistan. **" nostalgia, as well as the of- Mr. GujraJ said that while he wanted with Pakistan’s dark green banner with 

£ The line, about a foot thick « raii«t 0eS j pop'dwyeamings, of the border between the countries to be- its crescent moon and star. 

&ro Point, and it mark? i ^ peoples sundered from each other come “very soft, like Canada and the But then, after buglers from the two 

stretches north and south from rtfl ™IL5 n ^f ndence a centu ry ago U.S.A.,” there could be no territorial sides sound the retreat, another mood 
Wagah Border Grams for I SSiLtSf 5“?? I ~ tan **? homeland far In- changes, because “we must respect that takes over. As the steel gates on either 
aOOOkilometere? g ,250miIeS d,a ? Muslims ;unwming to chance life in partition was final." side of Zero Point are closed. Indians 

d an India riominaiM ku n...w r.. , . _ j ...1 i — .1 . . 


Because of dip kitiAr i , , 311 Ma dominated by Hindus. 

■;» 14, 1947 when 200 — Al * Paid5tan ^ve new prime 

/ ended with a hlooSff* ° f Bn S. h rale meters— Inder Kumar Gujral inNew 

?"*“• Delhi and Nawaz Sharif in Islamabad — 
Ution this CTfa § ed b y the P 31 ' *ey have launched a new effort at 


W U> cross on fSrS^rSe ta*-d 

visible across the wheat Bnt in almost die hrp^fh rhotwn 


But Mr. Sharif was emphatic ihat pro- 
gress hinged on concessions on Kash- 
mir. ‘ ‘We would like to repose trust and 
confidence in each other.” he said, about 15 feet (4J5 meters). 

“This is possible, but outstanding prob- Since most Indians and Pakistanis 
iems have to be resolved first.” who get visas are required to travel by 

Something of the conflicting attitudes rail or air, leaving Zero Point to be used 
is apparent at Zero Point. mainly by foreigners and freight traffic. 

Fust, soldiers from the two countries this is as close as the two peoples geL 
gage in a mirror-image minuet that Some wave, some take photographs, 
/o!ves members of the flag parties but most remain silent, as if mesmerized 


and Pakistanis who have gathered to 
watch the ceremony rush forward to 


by being so close yet so far. For those 
with a sense of history, there is also the 
memory of the tragedies that unfolded 
along this stretch of road in 1947. Then, 
it was choked with bullock carts and 
migrant families on' foot, struggling to 
escape the slaughter by frenzied mobs 
that eventually killed at least half a mil- 
lion people in Punjab and Bengal, the 
other region split at partition. 

For a few moments after the flag- 
lowering. the Indian and Pakistani mil- 
itary commanders at Zero Point relax 
together between tbe gates, chatting, 
laughing and at one point even holding 
hands. 

Then the soldiers move forward 


stare at each other across a space of a gain, shouting in- Hindi and Urdu, the 


Gelds, and sometim^frnnti?^ i m dmost die same breath, the two engage in a mirror-image minuet that 

sometimes frontier guards leaders, m separate interviews in their involves members of the flag parties 

'■ 

Kenya Death Toll Rises; 

2 Policeman Found Slain 

Germany and Italy Issue Warnings to Tourists 


ominant languages of India and 


founders, there will be a special irony for 
Mr. Gujral, 77, and Mr. Sharif, 47, who, 
though far apart in age, are in one respect 
each other’s mirror image. Both come 
from among the millions of migrant fam- 
ilies who lost their homes and properties 
in ttte vast and often violent exodus that 
accompanied the partition: Mr. Gujral's 
in what is now Pakistan, Mr. Sham's in 
India. 

Although the property issues have 
long since passed into history, each of 
the two leaders spoke of tbe special 
emotional stake that this gave him in the 
new talks. 

Mr. Gujral recalled that anti-Hindu 
rioting in Karachi in February 1948 
drove him out of Pakistan, where his 
family bad lived for generations. But he 


is tan. “Move back!” they say. also spoke of an affection for Muslims 


“Move back! This is a border!” The 
crowds melt back into the darkness set- 
tling over the two separate Punjabs. each 
now a province of its respective coun- 
try. 

If the bid for a new relationship 


V r . ^ 


- * , - * 


^ Compiled bv Our Sktf rivet Oi^ujrtei 

h - MOMBASA, Kenya — The bodies 
Of two policemen were found Monday 
in a hospital mortuary south of this 
Indian Ocean port, raising the death toll 
to at least 35 from violence that began 
Wednesday, hospital sources said Mon- 
day. 

- The sources said the bodies of two 
administration policemen were in the 
mortuary at Msambweni hospital in 
Kwale district, where the police con- 
ducted a hunt for attackers last week, 
r The sources did not say when the 
bodies were brought to the hospital, but 
a police chief, Francis Gichuki, told 
reporters that two a dminis tration po- 
licemen had been missing. 
r The police put the death toll since the 
attacks began on Wednesday at 31. 

: The sources said the body of an 
unidentified man was also in the hos- 
pital mortuary, a victim of violence in 
the last five days, but it was unclear if 
his death had already been counted by 
Officials. 

« Witnesses said Monday that attackers 
slashed to death a Kenyan priest and a 
member of a vigilante group overnight 
in the poor district of Mishimorom on 
the. edge of Mombasa, ; \.;.u j *. n. . 


Mr. Gichuki confirmed that two 
people had been slashed with machetes 
overnight in Mombasa but dismissed 
the incidents as “pure thuggery.” 

The police said that Sunday night had 
been the quietest night since a raid on 
police posts Wednesday. 

After news of the killin gs, the Kenyan 
shilling slid to a new official low against 
the U.S. dollar as foreign investors 
pulled out because of worries over the 
economy and politics. 

The dollar rose 1.3 percent on Mon- 
day to 70.68 shillings from 69.75 shil- 
lings. 

The shilling has fallen nearly 19 per- 
cent against tbe dollar since the In- 
ternational Monetary Fond canceled a 
key aid package on July 31 after citing 
corruption. 

President Daniel arap Moi has 
blamed the violence on opposition lead- 
ers, saying they were fanning tribal 
hatred ahead of elections. 

Some opposition leaders accuse Mr. 
Moi's rulmg Kenya African National 
Union party of orchestrating the well- 
planned attacks that began with the 
killin g of six police officers and eight 
civilians Wednesday in raids on two 
police posts south of Mombasa. 







~ \ W'. v ! 


Cornini- Du&j/IVxji-f* 

A Kenyan child sitting in the ruins of bis dwelling, one of 50 burned during an attack on a squatter village. 


Newspapers said the attacks in the 
coastal region ahead of the general elec- 
tion this year appeared to be similar to 
ethnic violence in tbe Rift Valley before 
and after elections in 1992. No date has 
yet been set for the polls at which Mr. 
Moi, at age 73 and after 19 years in 
power, is to seek a new five-year teim 


Mean while, the German Foreign 
Ministry warned several thousand Ger- 
man tourists vacationing in Kenya to 
stay in their hotels and take precautions 
as a result of the violence. 

But a ministry spokesman told re- 
porters that this did not mean that the 
German government was advising Ger- 


mans to leave Kenya. 

The Italian Foreign Ministry also is- 
sued a warning to travelers to stay clear 
of Mombasa. It urged visitors to Nairobi 
to avoid the city center and areas close to 
the university, which it said had been 
“the stage for violent protests.” 

< Reuters , AP ) 


that he said had deepened as a result of 
his experiences at the time of partition. 

These include the mood in Karachi on 
Jan. 30, 1948, the day a Hindu nation- 
alist in New Delhi assassinated Mo- 
handas K. Gandhi, a fellow Hindu. 

' "There wasn't a Muslim in Karachi with 
a dry eye.” Mr. Gujral said. 

Mr. Sharif, who was bom in Pakistan 
two years after partition, recalled that his 
family, originally Kashmiris, had settled 
in Amritsar, where they owned land as 
well as a home. These were lost when his 
father, an industrialist who had started 
engineering and steel businesses in 
Lahore in the 1930s, chose to move the 
family there in 1947, he said. 

In tbe interviews, Mr. Gujral's re- 
laxed demeanor contrasted with the stiff 
approach of Mr. Sharif, who hesitated 
while finding his words. This appeared 
to reflect something that many experts in 
India and Pakistan have said about the 
new dialogue: that India, with a pop- 
ulation and an economy that dwarfs 
those of Pakistan and an increasingly 
outward-looking approach bom of its 
adoption in recent years of free-market 
economics, is less anxious about 
Pakistan, while Pakistan, witha national 
consciousness rooted in its founders' 
rejection of India, is finding it harder to 
abandon old enmities. 

Mr. Gujral spoke enthusiastically of 
his vision for a new relationship in which 
families divided at partition would be 
able to move freely back and forth to 
weddings, funerals and other occasions. 
That has often been impossible because 
of visa restrictions, but India has begun 
to relax them without waiting for 
Pakistan. 

The Indian leader also said he saw 
virtually unlimited potential for trade, 
now SI billion a year, a fraction of the 
two countries’ commerce with the 
United Stales. 

Mr. Sharif said he, too, would wel- 
come these changes if the Kashmir issue 
could be settled, but his tone seemed 
defensive compared with Mr. Gujral’s. . 


et-“ 


Nusrat Ali Khan, Sufi Singer, Dies at 48 


amr- - 


New York Times Service 

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, 48, fee 
P akistani singer whose thrilling voice 
carried Sufi devotional songs to fee 
world, died Saturday in London. 

- Mr. Khan suffered from problems 
wife his liver and his weight. He came to 
London last week for medical and Busi- 
ness reasons. He was taken to fee Crom- 
well Hospital from fee airport and later 
suffered cardiac arrest there. The As- 
sociated Press reported. 

Mr. Khan was the greatest singer of 
I V his generation in the genre of qawwali , 
9 which means wise or philosophical ut- 
terance. Qawwali songs are based on fee 
devotional poetry of Sufism, a mystical 
branch of Islam, and often speak of 
being intoxicated by divine love. 

. Mr. Khan’s voice had a raw, impas- 
sioned tone and an acrobatic agility. 
Whether he was repeating a refrain with 
ever-increasing intensity, streaking 
through elaborate zigzagging lines, let- 
ting loose a percussive fusillade or sus- 
taining a climactic note, be made music 
that united virtuosity and fervor. 

, In Pakistan and across the Islamic 
world, Mr. Khan was a superstar whose 
fans danced, shouted, threw money and 
sometimes hurled one another mto fee 
air as he sang. He performed m the 
. k traditional style, backed by whalis called 
1 ‘ 3 r party, with harmonium, percussion, 
handclaps and a responsorialchraus. 

But m fee 1980s and 90s, he also 


became what Ravi Shankar had been in 
fee '60s: a major South Asian traditional 
musician who also collaborated with 
secular musicians. Eastern and Western. 
He was beard on soundtracks of films 
made in India and Hollywood; he was 
remixed for dance clubs. In any context, 
his voice was unforgettable. 

Duke Zeibert, 86, Restaurateur 
For Washington’s Powerful 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — Duke 
Zeibeit, 86, a wise-cracking, back-slap- 
ping restaurateur who for almost half a 
century ran fee Washington establish- 
ment’s favorite power-lunch spot, died 
Friday. He had been suffering from heart 
disease and cancer. 

From fee day in 1950 that he opened 
for business just a few blocks from fee 
White House, Mr. Zeibert’s bonhomie 
and his shrewd flattery of the powerful 
and famous filled his dining room with 
presidents, senaiors. lawyers, lobbyists, 
quarterbacks, coaches, columnists, com- 
mentators and not a few capital cads. 

Donald Fine, 75, Publisher 

NEW YORK (AP) — Donald Fine, 
75, who published suspenseful best- 
sellers and helped along fee careers of 
authors such as Ken Follett and Elmore 
Leonard, died Thursday of cancer. 

With a $5,000 loan from a Harvard 
University classmate, Mr. Fine founded 
Arbor House publishing company in 


1969. Hearst Corp. paid $1.5 million for 
it in 1978. He pained company with 
Hearst in 1983 and founded Donald L. 
Fine Inc., which was purchased by Pen- 
guin two years ago. 

Drummond Matthews, 66, a geo- 
physicist at Cambridge University 
whose woric provided a critical under- 
pinning for fee theory of plate tectonics, 
feed on July 20 of a heart attack in 
Taunton, England. 

Robert Leggett, 71, a former Cali- 
fornia congressman who came under in- 
vestigation in 1976 over his personal life 
and his relationship wife South Korean 
intelligence officials, but was not 
charged with any crime in the so-called 
Koreagate scandal, died Wednesday in 
Orange, California, after a heart attack. 

Moshe Ganchoff, 92, a cantor and 
composer widely acknowledged as one 
of the last great exponents of the Odessa 
tradition of liturgical music, died Aug. 
11 at a hospital in Brooklyn. 

Pierre Edde, 76, a former Lebanese 
cabinet minister and scion of a leading 
Christian political family, died Sunday 
in Sao Paulo, Brazil, newspapers re- 
ported. He had lived there since leaving 
Beirut shortly after the outbreak of civil 
war in 1975. He never returned despite 
the end of fee conflict seven years ago. 




; Algeria Gang Slays Family of 7 

• ar r-fFRS — A soup of armed meat disguised as po- 

. lic^ up * of seven * 

; «*» ^^SSi^y^day's Mack near 
;the 'dSTof K? buMt bore Ibe hallmarks of Islamic 

- speaking on condition of ahonj-mityforfrar 

Witnesses, W.. ha£ j put a note on fee chest of one 

: of “new acts of pnnistanem against 

• fee impious ones, civilians has continued despite 

^iSo eSTviolence following elec- 
. government “ m0 mon *s, al least 750 people 

i tions in June. In fee past two ^ 

: have been killed. 

Iraq Lets Iranians Visit Shrines 

a ban on 

; - 
citizens to visit Iraq- , were idLlied or wounded in fee 
At least 1 a UN-brokered cease-fir^ 

1980-88 war, whichend<» a treaty, and relations 

The two countries have not 

remain bitter . , . holy to Shiite Muslims, who 

make up fee majority 


Vandals Deface Church in Rio 

RIO DE JANEIRO — Seven weeks before Pope John 
Pail H is to visit fee city, vandals sprayed graffiti inside 
Candelaria, one of Rio de Janeiro's best-loved churches, fee 
police said Monday. 

A police spokesman said three people clambered up 
scaffolding on fee front of tbe church Sunday and climbed in 
through the bell tower. 

The vandals sprayed colored paint on the ceiling and on a 
19 th-century Carrara marble statue called ‘ ‘The Fall of the 
Cherubs.” The church facade is being cleaned prior to the 
pope’s visit to Rio from Oct. 2 to 5. (Reuters) 

Laos Attadts U.S. Radio Service 

HANOI ’Hie Laos government berated the United 

States for launching its Lao language service of Radio Free 
Asia, which was to begin transmission Tuesday in Asia. 

Ljntbong Phetsavanh, director of fee press dmartmeot of 
♦he Laos Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, “We told them 
very dearly we objected to this idea because it will create 
misunderstanding between people.” Mr. Unfeong said fee 
launching of fee service, which was to broadcast houriong 
^ro grams twice daily, would strain relations, which have 
jJSdily improved between fee two countries. (AFP) 


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jm. ^ - - 

Clashes broke out Monday in Freetown, Sierra Le- 
ne between civilians and hundreds of former rebel fighters 
wito armed themselves wife machetes, grenades and auto- 
matic rifles to prevent a march by opponents of a May 

coup. (AP) 



THE WORLD'S DAILY -MtWSPAPEB 


I 







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PAGE 8 


TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 

EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISH BD WITH THE HEW YORK TIMES AND 


r* 


WASHINGTON POST 


Change in Iran? 


Just bow much Mohammed Kha- 
tami can change Iran now that he is 
installed as president remains unclear. 
His most progressive instincts on do- 
mestic issues may be stifled by Iran's 
ruling religious leaders, and serious 
tinkering with foreign policy seems 
doubtful although not imp ossible. 

But Mr. Khatami, who won an over- 
whelming vote in May on a platform 
of moderate reform, is makin g a cred- 
ible initial effort to give Iranians a less 
rigid government. His cabinet appoint- 
ments are mainly new faces with a 
reputation for competence and a some- 
what less ideological outlook than their 
predecessors. 

Iran’s spiritual leader, the conser- 
vative Sayed Ali Khamenei, has the 
final word on Iranian policies. The Par- 
liament, which must approve Mr. 
Khatami’s cabinet, is dominated by 
conservatives who generally follow 
Ayatollah Khamenei's lead. Some 
deputies have already indicated that 
they will oppose Mr. Khatami's nom- 
inee for the post of minister of culture 
and Islamic guidance. Ayatollah Mo- 
bajerani, who several years ago recom- 
mended re-establishing relations with 
Washington. The Interior and Foreign 
Minis try nominees may also have trou- 
ble getting parliamentary approval. 

Opposition to the foreign minister- 
designate, Kamal Kharrazi, stems from 
his long experience in the United 
States. He earned a doctorate in edu- 
cation from the University of Houston, 


and for eight years has served as Iran’s 
representative to the United Nations. 
He has done nothing in that post that 
suggests he had any differences with 
Tehran, but his experience has made 
him more attuned to the nuances in 
American society than members of 
Parliament might like. 

The most striking accomplishment 
on Mr. Kharrazi’s nSsumfi was his cen- 
tral role in the 1990-1991 negotiations 
chat freed Western hostages held by 
pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon. Mr. , 
Khatami himself has lately stayed 
away from the extravagant anti- Amer- 
ican rhetoric that most Iranian politi- 
cians favor and has even said that Iran 
could learn from the West. 

One disappointment is that he has not 
nominated a cabinet that looks like Iran. 
The support of Iran's women made him 
president, but he has so far not ap- 
pointed a single one to a cabinet- level 
post. He is expected to name a woman, 
Massoumeh Ebtekar, to be a deputy 
president for environmental affairs. 
This is a relatively unimportant post and 
probably will not receive cabinet rank. 

The mullahs who rule Iran can read 
election results as well as anyone. They 
know that the dogmatic social and cul- 
tural policies of the last government 
were exceedingly unpopular and 
could, over time, produce a restive 
citizenry. If nothing else, self-interest 
alone ought to motivate them to give 
Mr. Khatami a fair degree of latitude. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


The Chris Hani Case 


In South Africa's grueling search for 
the truth about its apartheid past, no 
single case has touched a national 
nerve more deeply than the assassi- 
nation of Chris Hani in 1993. Then 
head of the country's Communist Party 
and leader of the armed wing of Nelson 
Mandela's African National Congress, 
the widely popular Mr. Hani, a po- 
tential heir-apparent to Mr. Mandela, 
was shot down on the eve of South 
Africa's historical passage from 
apartheid to multiracial democracy. 

His death triggered riots in the black 
townships outside Johannesburg and 
threatened to capsize the negotiations 
that led to majority rule a year later. 
One of the two men convicted of the 
killing said last week that the assas- 
sination’s purpose was to trigger 
chaos, touch off a right-wing coup and 
end then President F. W. de Klerk's 
“betrayal” of his Afrikaner nation. 

The two murderers, a former Con- 
servative Party member of Parliament 
named Clive Derby-Xewis and Janusz 
Wains, a Polish immigrant, are serving 
life sentences. Both appeared in Pre- 
toria last week to appeal to the Truth 
and Reconciliation Commission for 
amnesty. Under this commission. 
South Africa has been making an ex- 


traordinary attempt to sort out the di- 
verse political and moral requirements 
impelling it to come to terms with a 
hideous past in terms that permit a 
decent future. The question now is 
whether the two criminals meet the 
basic amnesty criteria of establishing a 
political basis for past offenses and 
telling the whole truth about them. 

From afar, few would dare say they 
are confident that the two do or do not 
meet these South African tests. But 
certainly it is astonishing to contem- 
plate that two confessed and convicted 
killers of a prominent national figure 
could be sprung from prison for polit- 
ical reasons now widely considered 
reasonable and good. 

It says something remarkable about 
South Africa that the commission has 
been operating for a year and a half in 
an atmosphere of public acceptance of 
its mission, if not of each of its de- 
cisions. The pursuit of truth has not 
always served the quest for reconcili- 
ation. The Hani case is one in which 
that goal plainly has not been met But 
South Africans of all races deserve 
respect for their effort to achieve a 
second liberation that only reconcili- 
ation can bring abouL 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Romania and Bulgaria 


This month the Romanian govern- 
ment shut 17 money-losing slate fac- 
tories, relics of the Communist era. 
The closure is the latest sign that Ro- 
mania is braving worker protests to 
stick to harsh but necessary free market 
reforms. Until a few months ago, Ro- 
mania and Bulgaria clung to Socialist 
subsidies and state enterprises while 
other East Europeans liberalized their 
economies. In both nations, economic 
devastation forced a more responsible 
course, including the election of more 
democratic and competent leaders. 

Until April, Bulgaria was led by 
former Communists hostile to reform 
or by conservative leaders so distracted 
by infighting that they did almost noth- 
ing to modernize the economy. Last 
winter 90 percent of the people fell 
below the poverty line. 

After public protests forced 1 aside the 
Socialists, an interim government 
signed an agreement with the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund to aid the wan- 
ton printing of money, privatize banks 
and state enterprises and liberalize mar- 
kets. The coalition of rightist parties that 
won ejections in April seems chastened 
by its past failures and has continued 
with reforms. Last month it introduced 
an austere budget and pegged its cur- 
rency to the Deutsche mark. Bulgaria’s 
politicians have seemed refreshingly 
willing to work together, but this polit- 
ical maturity may be tested, because 
Bulgaria will probably show no sub- 
stantial growth until 1999. 

In Romania, reform was slowed for 
seven years by President Ion Iiiescu, a 


former Communist who led a corrupt 
and authoritarian regime. He was de- 
feated in November by Emil Con- 
stantinescu, a geology professor. He 
and his impressive prime minister, Vic- 
tor Ciorbea, are modernizers commit- 
ted to Western-style liberalism. They 
have unproved relations with neigh- 
bors Hungary and Ukraine and have 
included the party of die Hungarian 
minority in the government Both mea- 
sures were taken in part to enhance 
Romania’s chances of joining NATO. 
Mr. Constantinescu seems to have 
dropped Mr. Qiescu’s practice of suing 
or prosecuting critical journalists. 

The government talked about re- 
forms for several months and received 
large loans from die World Bank and 
the International Monetary Fund, but, 
distracted by its campaign to join 
NATO, did little until the privatiza- 
tions this month. The reforms will 
likely face serious opposition, not only 
from Romania's powerful labor unions 
but also from politicians in the gov- 
ernment coalition. 

The pain of subsidy cuts and closure 
of inefficient stale enterprises will try 
the commitment of both nations to re- 
form. They will need support from the 
West, strictly conditioned on adher- 
ence to their reform plans. The United 
States and Europe can also encourage 
the foreign investment that both na- 
tions desperately need. The temptation 
to flinch will be great, but both should 
not forget the misery brought by their 
reluctance to shed old habits. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 



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Israeli Demands to Arafat Need to Be Realistic 

V .... -i __ nffp n ttnnaliaf 


T EL AVTV — . As an Israeli intel- 
ligence officer, I used to keep pho- 
tographs in my office of Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization officials' who 
were the enemies of my people. Later, 
when I ran Israel’s internal security 
service, the Shin Bet, I worked closely 
with those Palestinians to thwart 
our common enemy: Islamic funda- 
mentalist terrorists. 

After the Oslo accords that Israel and 
the Pales tinians signed in 1 993, Israeli 
security officers initially found it dif- 
ficult to turn over sensitive information 
about terrorist plots or arms caches to 
our longtime foes. And the Palestinians 
had a hard time arresting and inter- 
rogating their neighbors because it 
male them appear to be collaborators. 

But both sides swallowed their dis- 
taste because cooperating was the only 
answer to terror. Eventually we even 
ran joint operations — including one 
that led to an arrest for the bus bomb- 
ings in Jerusalem in early 1996. 

Now the mistrust is so deep that an 
American intelligence agent is needed 
to ftmnel information between the Pal- 
estinian Authority and Israeli officials 


By Car mi Giiion 


about the latest suicide bombing, in a 
Jerusalem market last month. 

In this atmosphere, relying solely on 
humiliating and bullying Yasser Arafat 
is not the way to get him to crack down 
on terrorists and restore cooperation 
with Israeli intelligence. Some pres- 
sure on Mr. Arafat is necessary. But it 
does not serve Israel's interests to make 
him seem like a weak capitulator to 
Israeli demands or to create so much 
popular Palestinian resentment that it 
strengthens the band of Hamas. 

Thai is why it is coiralerprodactzve to 
withhold tax revenues from the Pal- 
estinian Authority, for example. That 
money pays the salaries of the Pales- 
tinian security officers whom the Israelis 
need to track down and stop terrorists. 

When Israeli and Palestinian intel- 
ligence first started working together 
after the Oslo accords, the Palestinians 
had motivation but lacked ability. Now 
they have ability but lack motivation. 

Mr. Arafat has played a dangerous, 
inexcusable game by using this security 


cooperation as a bargaining chip with 
the current Israeli government He must 
be shown that this is unacceptable. So it 
made sense for die US. envoy, Dennis 
Ross, to focus mainly during his recent 
visit to the region on pressing Mr. Arafat 
to take .strong action against terrorism. 

Peace talks should not be restarted 
before Mr. Arafat makes a solid effort 
to arrest terrorists and destroy the net- 
work tfotf supports them. Yet the de- 
mands of him must be realistic. 

I wish he could confiscate all illegal 
weapons, clamp down on all anti-Is- 
raeli rhetoric and meet other demands 
of hard-liners in Israel. But he would 
not be able to do this and retain any 
credibility with his people. 

Moreover, an effective security dia- 
logue cannot happen without political 
dialogue. If there is to be a crackdown 
on Palestinian terrorists, Mr. Arafat 
must be able to demonstrate that some 
benefits will accrue to those who are 
not in the camp of Hamas and Islamic 
Jihad- The only benefits he can offer are 
economic progress and a peace process 
that is not continuously sidetracked. 

Before the Oslo accords, when Israel 


retied heavily on an often unreliable 
network of Palestinian informers, we 
could not do much to uproot foe Hamas 
terrorist infrastructure. Suicidal young 7 . 
men with access to sophisticated- 
weaponry are extremely difficult to,.; 
stop. Mr. Arafat can do a better job a | 
against them, if only because, as , 
Yitzhak Rabin used to say, be doesn’t^ 
have a Supreme Court or many civil n 
libertarians to worry abouL ,-j 

Just after some of foe worst terrorist 
outrages in 1996, when Israel respond- 
ed by refusing to let in Palestinian^ 
workers, I sat together with Palestinian > 
intelligence officers to plan strategies ^ 

10 find the perpetrators and prevent! 
further attacks. That work required mu- .-3 
tual trust, ft will be virtually impossible l* 
to do such work again if the political^ 
impasse continues. j 

That is yet another reason why it is 
imperative for the United States to step^> 
in as quickly as possible to get peace ,7 
miles back oil track. 

The writer, director oflsraeV ssecref~\ 
service from 1994 to 1996. contributed 
this comment to The New York Tunes. 


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Bosnia: If Dayton Is Ever to Work, NATO Will Have to Stay 



P ARIS — Richard Hol- 
brooke’s trip to Bosnia this 
month was, he said, anticipation 
of “a real acceleration of the 
American and Western effort” 
to cany out the Dayton agree- 
ments. Bnt one reason why 
there so far has been only lim- 
ited implementation of Dayton 
is that the agreements are pos- 
sibly unachievable. 

They represent an effort 10 
reconstruct a version of foe 
Yugoslavia which destroyed it- 
self between 1991 and' 1995. 
They require coexistence arid co- 
operation among Serbs; Croats 
and Muslims, precisely what the 
nationalists of all three camps 
have insisted is impossible. 


By William Pfaff 


Mr. Holbrooke bad an an- 
ecdote to offer on television, 
when he returned home. This 
concerned the Serbian co-pres- 
ident of foe Federation of Bos- 
nia and Herzegovina, Momcilo 
Krajisnik, and his Muslim co- 
equal, Alija Izeibegovic. 

During a meeting, Mr. Hol- 
brooke saw Mr. Krajisnik char 
with Mr. Izeibegovic and also, 
as foe meeting ended, give him 
some books. Mr. Holbrooke 
said. “What’s going on?” Mr. 
Krajisnik, thought a puppet of 
the indicted w’ar criminal 
Radovan Karadzic, had before 
been' ignored by both Muslim 


and Croatian representatives. 
Mr. Krajisnik said, “You 
know, we've known each other 
for a long time — we’re going 
to try to work together.” 

The incident was of interest 
in conjunction with foe decision 
by Biljana Plavsic to work with 
the international community to 
end foe Bosnian Serbs' self-iso- 
lation. She is Mr. Karadzic’s 
former deputy, previously 
thought under his controL ap- 
pointed president of foe Bos- 
nian Serbs’ Republika Srpska in 
his place, and a redoubtable, not 
to say bloodlhirsty, Serbian na- 
tionalist herself. 


She is interested in cooper- 
ation with Dayton for wholly 
practical reasons. The people of 
foe Republika Srpska have been 
plunged into misery because of 
their isolation, while Mr. Karad- 
zic and his entourage have been 
doing well for themselves from 
foe contraband trade. 

Mrs. Plavsic's decision has 
thrown her into a confrontation 
with the Karadzic faction, 
which she may not win. But 
there is no fntnre for the Re- 
publika Srpska under present 
conditions. But if Dayton fails, 
foe Serbian extremists would 
expect annexation bv Serbia it- 
self. That is what the war was 
meant to accomplish. 


North Korea: A Bemarkable Groundbreaking 


S EOUL — South Korean of- 
ficials are to attend a cer- 
emony in North Korea this 
Tuesday that many predicted 
would never occur. With their 
U.S. and Japanese counterparts 
in the Korean Peninsula Energy 
Development Organization, 
they will take part in the 
groundbreaking ceremony- for 
the first of two light water re- 
actors that KEDO is to build 
near Sinpo, North Korea. 

The reactors, to be used for 
generating electricity, are part of 
an October 1994 deal between 
the United Stales and North 
Korea under which Pyongyang 
agreed to freeze its nuclear ‘ 're- 
search” program and eventually 
dismantle its graphite nuclear 
reactor in return for two light 
water reactors, whose nuclear 
fuel is less susceptible to di- 
version for weapons. 

KEDO was set up in March 
1995 to carry out that agree- 
ment It has two main aims: 
construction of the new react- 
ors, and delivery of fuel oil to 
compensate North Korea for 
what its says will be energy loss 
caused by foe freezing of its 
current program. So far, KEDO 
has accomplished both tasks. 


By Ralph A. Cossa 


But iis real success has been 
in providing a meaningful way 
for direct 'South Korean in- 
volvement in the process. Seoul 
has been a member of KEDO’s 
executive board from its incep- 
tion. South Korean officials 
have been involved in all KEDO 
meetings with foe North. 

As construction of foe new 
reactors progresses, thousands 
of South Koreans will travel to 
foe North and come in daily- 
contact with up to 1 0.000 North 
Korean workers. 

One of the successes of 
KEDO is that it has transformed 
the agreed framework negoti- 
ated by Washington and Pyong- 
yang into a multilateral effort in 
which South Korea now plays a 
leading role. 

KEDO’s real challenges still 
lie ahead, however. Of greatest 
immediate concern is foe con- 
tinued financing both of the fuel 
deliveries and of construction 
of foe light water reactors. To 
fulfill its obligations over the 
next decade, KEDO will prob- 
ably have to raise S4 billion. 

South Korea and Japan will 
provide foe bulk of the money. 


The future U.S. contribution is 
expected to amount to tens of 
millions of dollars. If North 
Korea’s potential nuclear 
weapons program is to remain 
frozen, foe U.S. Congress needs 
to take responsibility to keep 
foe KEDO process alive 
through assured funding. 

At present, KEDO is strug- 
gling to pay for foe next oil 
shipment because it is in debt 
U.S. legislators should put aside 
partisan politics and ensure that 
KEDO can keep delivering oil 
to foe North, as it is obliged to do 
under foe agreed framework. 

AU nations have a stake in 
KEDO’s success. Greater out- 
sidefunding support, especially 
from foe Middle East and 
Southeast Asia, is needed. 

Pyongyang could help by an- 
nouncing a schedule for dis- 
mantling the nuclear facilities it 
has frozen. Technically, foe 
North can delay this for some 
time. The agreed framework 
calls for reactors to be dis- 
mantled when foe light water 
project is completed. ' 

But the longer after construc- 
tion besins on the first new re- 


A Visa Nightmare to Ponder 


N EW YORK — John 
Psaropoulos is a televi- 
sion journalist who has 
worked for foe Cable News 
Network in Adanta for foe last 
three years. He has just been 
through an experience that 
had echoes of Kafka. 

Mr. Psaropoulos, a British 
subject, was in America on a 
visa that allowed him to work 
here. Last winter he took a 
two-week vacation in Greece, 
where he was bom. He flew 
back to Adanta on Marcb 29, 
but at the airport he was told 
by an immigration inspector 
that he was ineligible to enter. 
His work visa had expired, 
and foe Immigration and Nat- 
uralization Service had not ac- 
ted on an appUcation filed by 
CNN to extend it 
He was allowed into foe 
country temporarily, to be 
given a “deferred inspection'' 
later. He went in for that in- 
spection on May 7. In foe 
meantime the application to 
extend his visa had been 
denied because CNN’s law- 
yers had failed to file a re- 
quired labor form with it. 

Mr. Psaropoulos sat down 
for an interview with an INS 
officer, Marvin Clinton. This 
is his description of what 
happened: “The door opened 
and two men entered the room 
with handcuffs. Mr. Clinton 
explained foal I was to be Ex- 
peditiously Removed from foe 
United States and barred from 
entering for five years.* ’ 

The capitalized words refer 
to a provision of the severe 
new immigration law passed 
by Congress and signed by Bill 
Clinton last year. It provides 


By Anthony Lewis 


for what it calls Expedited Re- 
moval of aliens. The law elim- 
inates or severely restricts the 
right to court review of orders 
by INS officials. 

The INS officers took Mr. 
Psaropoulos to a detention 
center, where he was held in a 
ceU overnight. The next even- 
ing he was put on a plane back 
to Greece. The INS supervisor 
at foe airport said he would 
waive the five-year ban on his 
return because there had been 
no deliberate wrongdoing, 
and he gave Mr. Psaropoulos a 
form indicating that 

CNN’s lawyers now filed 
foe needed labor form, and foe 
INS approved an extension of 
foe visa. In Athens Mr. Psaro- 
poulos went to foe embassy, 
explained everything that had 
happened and was given foe 
visa. On June 27 he flew back 
to Atlanta. At foe airport an 
immigration official informed 
him that he was banned for 
five years. He was allowed in 
temporarily, to be formally in- 
spected for entry on July 11. 

When he went into the INS 
office on that date, his newly 
issued visa was canceled. He 
was ordered to leave the coun- 
try within a week — and stay 
away for five years. 

The blow was all the more 
traumatic because Mr. Psaro- 
poulos was engaged to be 
married to an American wom- 
an, Alicia Stallings. 

Colin Campbell, a columnist 
for The Atlanta Journal and 
Constitution, heard about foe 
case and called the INS district 


director, Thomas P. Fischer. 
"We have questions about his 
integrity," Mr. Fischer said. 
What questions? “That's priv- 
ileged information.” 

On July 1 8 Mr. Psaropoulos 
flew to Greece. The INS, evid- 
ently fearing adverse public- 
ity, thought a gain. On July 21 
Mr. Fischer reversed foe de- 
cision and granted Mr. Psaro- 
poulos permission to reapply 
for admission. He got a new 
visa in Athens and plans to fly 
to Atlanta again next month. 

So it seems now to be a 
happy ending, unless some 
INS official reverses it again 
□ext month. It came at a price 
for Mr. Psaropoulos: $20,000 
for, among other things, law- 
yers’ bills and plane tickets 
that CNN did not cover. How 
many people can afford that 
price to fight an arbitrary im- 
migration decision? 

“It’s just a huge weight off 
us,” Alicia Stallings said. 
“We put off our wedding just 
in case the INS somehow took 
it wrong." 

But foe real wrongs in this 
story are not oven the wrong 
of vesting in INS bureaucrats 
unreviewable power to de- 
stroy people's lives; the 
wrong of bureaucrats using 
their power to punish 
someone because his employ- 
er didn ’ t file a piece of paper; 
the wrong of making people 
subject to a five-year bar from 
the country because of an in- 
nocent mistake. 

Hardly anyone who is the 
victim of such a process will 
be lucky enough to have foe 
press take up foe case. 

The New York 'limes. 


actor that there is no action to 
dismantle existing facilities, the 
louder will be foe critics and foe 
less assured will be the U.S. 
congressional dollars needed to 
see the agreement through. 

A good-faith North Korean 
effort to begin dismantling now 
would be an important signal of 
Pyongyang’s sincerity and 
commitment to the process. 

Pyongyang should also accept 
responsibility for providing foe 
necessary infrastructure to 
handle the electrical output of 
foe two light water reactors. 
North Korea’s creaking trans- 
mission and distribution system 
cannot handle foe power gen- 
erated by the new reactors, and 
much of it will need to be re- 
placed or modernized. The U.S. 
State Department and KEDO 
maintain that the North is re- 
sponsible, but Pyongyang has 
persistently sought KEDO’s 
agreement to provide the up- 
grade. If it is not capable of 
doing so on its own. the North 
should seek other means of fund- 
ing outside foe KEDO process. 

Finally, North Korea has to 
bring itself into full compliance 
with International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency safeguards, to in- 
clude accountability for past re- 
processing activities. Until fois 
occurs, critical components 
necessary for foe light water 
reactor to start operating will 
not be delivered. 

South Korean politicians 
should act to keep KEDO and 
foe agreed framework out of par- 
tisan politics as December’s 
presidential election approaches. 
All the presidential candidates 
should sign a joint statement en- 
dorsing KEDO and the agree- 
ment on which it is based. 


The writer is executive di- 
rector of the Pacific Forum, a 
Honolulu-based research insti- 
tute affiliated with the Center 
for Strategic and International 
Studies in Washington. He con- 
tributed this comment to the In- 
ternational Herald Tribune. 


The Dayton negotiations, 
like foe NATO intervention 
which preceded them' in 1995, 
could offer only a provisional rjk 
solution to the war. .J w 

The military intervention 
was necessary to stop the fight- 
ing and end the siege of Sa- 
rajevo and foe massacre of 
refugees. Dayton was supposed 
to produce conditions for pol^ 
ical settlement 

The United States 
already forced a federation 
sorts onto the Croatian and Bo£» 
man governments in order to 
shift the balance in the war. Th? 
two together were able to coiir 
tain Serbian military power 4 $ 
Bosnia, after a Croatian offen- 
sive had driven the Serbs out (if 
□early all the territory they haj 3 
conquered in Croatia. 

Croatia's ambition nonether 
less still was to annex foe Croa- 
tian-populated areas inside Bos^ 
nia. Creating the federation wa| 
intended to prevent that, whifcj 
appeasing the Croats, and to 
save foe Bosnian republic^, 
centered on Sarajevo, prpj 
claimed in 1992. The latter’s dis- 
tinguishing characteristics wer$ 
a liberal constitution and foe 
avowed ambition not to become 
aii ethnic nationalist state. .. I* 

By the time of Dayfon, 
however, the pressures 01 walr 
and forced migration, and tb^ 
passions that the war had fed, 
nad produced in Bosnia a 
largely Muslim republic dotf£ 
inated by President Izetbegovj 
ic’s Islamic party. 7. 

The federation today is com- 
posed of two intensely nation? 
alistic ethnic entities and 
mostly Muslim Bosnia (heavily 
armed, thanks to the United 
States), uneasily coexisting be- 
cause foe United States and foe 
international community hav<* 
bullied them into doing so, 
because all need internatioi 
financial support. 

It is an artificial political coqj £ 
struct. It exists because thc" : 
available alternatives seerp 
worse. How long it will exist Is 
anyone’s guess. 

So long as NATO has troops 
in Bosoia. and is minded to kedp 
the federation alive, it will sin- 
vive. If NATO leaves, renewdg 
war is foe usual forecast — ekr 
cept that this lime foe Muslim! 
will be in a position of strength 
Precisely because of that faft,' 
war would not automatical!^ 
follow a NATO withdrawal. Br- 
in any case. NATO is not 
going to withdraw. In one way 
or another, unless the U.S. Con- 
gress and/or the European 
members of NATO take total 
leave of their senses, there will £ 
be foreign troops in Bosnia for ft, 
long time. Whether this will tig 
long enough for foe Serb%J 
Croats and Muslims to decide 
on their own to live together- is 
another matter. They at least- 
have been given foe choice. 

International Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angeles Times Syndicate ”5 


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IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO : 



1897: Armenian Blow 

CONSTANTINOPLE — The 
Armenians to-day [Aug. 1 9], al- 
most on the anniversary of last 
year’s bomb throwing, once 
again engaged in their diabol- 
ical work. About three o'clock 
this afternoon a loud explosion 
was heard in StambouL The ex- 
plosion was caused by dynam- 
ite hurled through the lower 
windows of the Sublime Porte 
by Armenian hands. One porter 
was killed and several officials 
were wounded. Two arrests 
have been made among Ar- 
menians who were flying from 
the scene of the outrage. 

1922: Red Church 

PARIS — At a meeting of foe 
Red. or so-called “live ’’ 
church in Russia, held in Mos- 
cow last week, it was resolved to 
disperse existing parish councils 
as being " reactionary’ ’ and to 
convert all existing monasteries 


into workhouses on a communal 
basis and compel the monies tef 
become hospital nurses. It was 
also resolved that Patriarch Tik-| 
hon must be deposed. The Pat-5 
riarch is still locked up in a 
Moscow monastery. 

1947: Bulgarian Case 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States and Great Britain took' 
another step in defense o£ 
Nikola Petkov, anti -Comm unis t- 
leader of the opposition Agrari-! 
an party in Bulgaria sentenced^ 
to death at Sofia for plotting to* 
overthrow foe Bulgarian gov-! 
ernment. They both appealed toj 
Russia to influence the Com-i 
mun'ist Bulgarian government! 

a n- Us P5I ld ^ seaten ce until the* 
Alfred Control Commission for* 
Bulgaria had a full opportunity! jM 

to re View ^ ^ ^ Unite J s » 

pSJf 8 , maintained that Mr.! 
Petkov s tight for civil liberties; 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


PAGE 9 


OPINION/LETTERS 


,y Grassroots Guideposts 
To the Clinton Legacy 


By David S. Broder 

W qi^Sp T( *l T __ ^ * e new economy and sub- 

urt “ VitaB s.emkidiedbyAl 
M riinv?T PresKtert and Tipper Gore.” 
howm^L^ IT Tha! may prove to be the 

now muchbe has changed the case, but the picture is more 


« ) 


world or the nation but how 
jnueh he has remade die 
L)cm ocraiic Party. 

The first re-elected Demo- 
to occupy the White 
House since franklin D 
Ijtaosevelt. Mr. Clinton has 
.been denied so far the op- 
portunity for heroic leader- 
(sjshm that FDR was given. 

^ Rrosevelt created the New 
Deal in response to the Great 
: Depression. He forged the al- 
liances with Britain and the 
• Soviet Union to win World 
;War n. While doing so, he 

also redefined the meaning of 

■ -ds it was under 
FDR’s leadership, 
the Democratic 
Party is in 
transition. 

his party, transfor min g it 
from a strange amalgam of 
. immigrant urban dwellers 
/ and southern Bourbons into 
an engine of governmental 
afctivism at home and abroad 
that commanded a long-term 
majority across America. 

Mr. Clinton has faced no 
domestic or international 
crisis of remotely Roosevel- 
rian scale. Yet there are those 
who already assert that be is 
reinventing the Democratic 
Party for the 21st century. 

; The ultimate test of that 
proposition will be Ids ability 
lb secure the n ominati on and 
election in 2000 of his chosen 
successor. Vice President M 
Gore. Bnt in the meantime, 
die Clintonites are not shy 
about claiming a transforma- 
tional role for their leader. 

- The latest supporting ev- 
idence appeared m the past 
fortnight. Almost fbur-mths 
of House and Senate Demo- 
crats (notably excluding the 
House minority leader, Dick 
Gephardt of Missouri) sup- 
ported the compromise 
budget and tax bill that Mr. 
Clinton negotiated with con- 
gressional Republicans, thus 
formally committing the 
party to a domestic policy 
course notably more conser- 
vative than any in its past 
And almost simultaneous- 
ly, the president’s pollster, 
Mark Penn, published a sur- 
vey of grassroots Democratic 
voters demonstrating that Mr. 
Clinton’s policies not only 
appeal to swing voters but 
define the emergent majority 
within his own party. 

k That majority, according to 

Mr. Penn, is made up of 
people comfortable with their 
prospects in the new inter- 
national economy but 
strongly attached to tradrtion- 
_ al family values. They see the 
J government neither as op- 
pressor nor as protector, but 
as an empowerment machine 
that “should help people 
equip themselves to solve 

their own problems.” 

" AI From, president of the 
centrist Democratic Leader- 
ship Council, which paid for 
and released Mr. Perm’s poll, 
said in an interview that * ‘mis 
is' clearly not our fathers' 
party — it is now the party of 


complicated and uncertain 
than these statements suggest. 

The “cod version” of con- 
gressional Democrats to Clin- 
toncfmics will be tested this 
autumn, when the administra- 
tion goes u> Capitol Hill seek- 
ing “fast track” authority to 
negotiate more free trade 
deals like the North American 
Free Trade Agreement. 

In 1993, the trade agree- 
ment was approved with Re- 
publican votes, over the op- 
position of most Democrats. 
Labor is mounting a major 
campaign to defeat "last 
track,” and it will be impor- 
tant to see how Mr. Clinton 
fares oa the Democratic side 
of the aisle. 

Mr. Penn’s poll is more 
ambivalent on that issue than 
he is comfortable conceding. 
He told me that it shows 
“Democrats support free 
trade, as long as there is re- 
ciprocity.” Bnt his own data 
show that exactly as many 
Democrats favor “working to 
limit trade to protect Amer- 
ican jobs’ ’ as endorse “work- 
ing to maintain free interna- 
tional trade and open up new 
maricets for American 
products.” 

Two out of three Demo- 
cratic voters said they agreed 
with the statement that “U.S. 
markets are too open to goods 
from other countries,” even 
though nearly as great a ma- 
jority rgecl a 4 ‘protectionist” 
policy when that loaded word 
is used in the question. 

Similarly, when “fast 
track” is explained in pos- 
itive language, two-thirds of 
the Democrats approve it But 
on other, more neutrally 

The party's new 
constituency 
supports school 
prayer as well as 
abortion rights . 

worded questions, a plurality 
of Democrats believe that 
“America’s integration in 
global markets ... benefits 
multinational corporations at 
die expense of working fam- 
ilies” and “encourages U.S. 
companies to move over- 
seas.” 

Trade is only one dimen- 
sion — albeit an important 
one — in the ongoing debate 
within the Democratic Party- 
Mr. Penn’s poll draws a fas- 
cinating picture of a Demo- 
cratic constituency that defies 
conventional categories — a 
constituency that on die 
whole supports both abortion 
rights ana prayer in schools, 
national school standards and 
vouchers that would Jiet par- 
ents remove their children 
from public schools. 

Such Democrats oppose 
gay marriages but favor gov- 
ernment requiring insurers to 
offer gay couples the same 
spousal benefits dial are 
available to conventional 
families. 

This is a party in transition, 
but its destination is not yet 
clear. 

The Washington Post. 


The Southern Senator Knows About Devilish Mischief 


S arasota. Florida — if 

you live in the American 
South, you immediately see 
that there is another player 
involved in this Jesse Helms- 
Wiliiam Weld-Richard 
Lugar struggle ova 1 the soul 
of the Republican Party. 

That player is the deviL He 
occupies a much different 
place in Southern life than he 

MEANWHILE 

does in the rest of the coun- 
try. He is a living presence 
here, not just a concept. 

I have no idea how he got 
here; for that information 
you’ll have to consult the 
works of William Faulkner 
or the screenwriter Billy Bob 
Thornton. But, as Jesse 
Helms knows, he is here, and 
as a neighbor he takes a little 
getting used to. 

True, the devil does have 
his fiin side. Night life in the 
South is marvelously seedy 
and there is a very palpable 
sense of sin. The biker bars 
are rougher, the gay bars are 
gayer (the South is the home 
of drag), the nudie bars are 
nudie-er. And ah, the parking 
lor of a Southern bar on a 
muggy Saturday night. 

That truly is the devil’s 
playground. With any luck 
you’ll find drugs, prostitu- 


By Robert Piunket 


dart, gambling and firecrack- 
ers, not to mention the town’s 
leading min ister and a county 
commissioner or two. 

That is the best thing about 
sin in the South: The devil still 
makes you do iL When Jimmy 
Swaggart made his famous 
confession on television. 
Northerners saw the mined 
shell of a man, his life de- 
stroyed by addictive behavi- 
ors. Southerners saw a minor 
slip that should be all cleaned 
up by next week. You’re al- 
lowed a slip every now and 
then. The South is the only 
place left where you can get 
drunk regularly and not be 
considered an alcoholic. 

But some of die devil’s 
little schemes are not as en- 
tertaining as televangelism. 
The South — and here, as a 
Southerner by birth and her- 
itage. I’m defining the South 
as anywhere they automat- 
ically serve grits with your 
eggs — certainly is the land 
of strange crimes. 

People are always disap- 
pearing and then being found 
six months later in the woods 
by a hound dog, all decom- 
posed. And there is a serious 
devil-worshiping problem 
among the young. Just yes- 


terday a group of teenagers 
were put on probation for 
listening to Marilyn Munson 
find then going out and turn- 
ing over tombstones. 

The cemetery vandals I can 
live with. It’s the cat killers 
that get to me. Twice in tbe 
past 10 years I’ve had to live 
through these Son of Sam 
type sieges of people who 
capture bouse cals and then 
kid them in Satanic rituals. 
Yon try telling my cat that he 
can’t go out tonight because 
the devil might get him. 

Naturally, anyone with a 
high moral purpose must 
make his stand against the 
deviL Every year at Hal- 
loween there is a great civic 
debate in many towns as to 
whether the holiday should 
be abolished far glorifying 
Satan and his works. 

And any sports team with 
the word “devil” in the title 
is a constant target. 

I have a friend who owned 
a store called Cult Video — 
he specialized in hard-to- 
find classic and foreign films 
— who finally changed the 
name of the business because 
of all tbe harassing calls. 

Jesse Helms (as far as I 
know) isn’t this extreme, but 
tike any good Southerner he 
knows a devilish scheme 
when be sees one, and you 



have to admit that legalizing 
marijuana for medicinal pur- 
poses does sound exactly 
like something the devil 
would come up with. 

Of course be musr be op- 
posed. Any Southern politi- 
cian knows he must always 
stand up to the devil, unless, 
of course, the two of them 
already have a prearranged 
pact, i.e., tobacco. 

And not just any politi- 


cian. The other day I was in 
that agora of Southern life, 
tbe 7-Eleven, and when the 
woman in front of me had her 
purchases totaled up, they 
came to $6.66. She became 
hysterical. The whole store 
became hysterical. We all 
had to chip in and give her 
enough money to buy an- 
other pack of cigarettes — 
anything to undo Chat terrible 
number. 


So watch out, William 
Weld and Richard Lugar: I 
wouldn’t want to get into a 
fight over the soul of any- 
thing with Jesse Helms. He’s 
been taught by experts. 


Mr. Piunket is the author 
two novels. “My Search 
or Warren Harding" and 
“ Love Junkie He contrib- 
uted this comment to The 
New York Times 


i 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


The Way to Peace 

Regarding. “Resentful, Pal- 
estinian Police Resist Israeli 
Demands" (Aug. 9): 

fr is important to know 
about the frustrations and an- 
guish of Palestinians follow- 
ing toe depraved and despic- 
able Jerusalem bombing. 

I realize there' are many 
who will not agree, but 1 be- 
lieve toe vast majority of Pal- 
estinians are just as sorry 
about the bombings as toe Is- 
raelis are. In the same man- 
ner, Arabs mourned the as- 
sassination of Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin. And why not, 
since both sides lost in both 
incidents? 

Grinding down toe Pales- 
tinians is counterproductive. 
It is toe worst way to en- 
gender cooperation to stop 
the violence, as the article 
clearly points out. 

What is needed is toe ces- 
sation of harassment and vi- 
olence, backed by honest 
calls for peace from leaders 
on both sides. 

It also would be a great 
help if toe building of more 
settlements were stopped. 
Wbat is the point of budding 
more, when it is bound to 
bring more strife? 

R. M. HINCKLEY JR- 
. Altea, Spain. 

The essence of toe Oslo 
agreement was to give toe 
Palestinians self-rule in ex- 
change for security and peace. 
Terrorism is not peace. Tbe 
claim that it is the policy of 
toe Netanyahu government 
rhai brought about this situ- 
ation does not hold up. The 
most terrible suicide bomb- 
ings in Tel Aviv and Jeru- 
salem occurred when Shimon 
Peres — toe man who em- 
braced Yasser Arafat as a 
peace partner and who was 
the main architect of toe peace 


process — was in power. In- 
deed it was after those bloody 
attacks that toe Israeli pop- 
ulation began to doubt Mr. 
Arafat’s intentions. 

Now Mr. Arafat tells os he 
cannot act against tbe Islamic 
terrorists because it will un- 
dermine his position with the 
Palestinian population. This, 
coupled with tbe Palestinian 
Authority's incitement on 
their radio and television, cre- 
ates toe background for fur- 
ther violence. 

Until Mr. Arafat makes an 
honest and sustainable effort 
to collect illegal weapons, ar- 
rest the planners and perpet- 
rators of terrorist acts and dis- 
mantle their infrastructure. 
Western aid to toe Palestinian 
Authority should be withheld, 
and Benjamin Netanyahu 
would do well to stand firm. 
No government should agree 
that its citizens be massacred 
with total impunity. 

FERNAND LEGER. 

Paris. 

The Value of Valor 

Richard Cohen (“Watching 
the Vietnam War Left Ques- 
tions and Guilt" Meanwhile, 
Aug. 13) feels gyilt that he 
“did nothing either way” 
during tbe war in Vietnam. I 
did it both ways: I protested 
toe war and obtained defer- 
ments bur was finally drafted 
and fought Let me assure Mr. 
Cohen that he need not harbor 
any “sense of something 
lacking.” While bravery in 
combat may be laudable, it is 
valuable chiefly at tbe time, 
and results as much from fear 
and foolishness as from more 
noble traits. 

Mr. Cohen reasoned that 
toe war was wrong and 
avoided participating in it 
Had more young (and older) 
men in our country followed 
that path, much senseless de- 


struction and loss of life 
might have been avoided. 

JERROLD W. HUG (JET. 

Bangkok. 

M-lsand F-16s 

Regarding "Quietly, an 
Opening for Gun imports 
(Aug. 8) and the editorial 
“Arming Latin America ” 
(Opinion, Aug. 6): 

As a former user of the 
M-l, 1 can testify that it was 
not “much loved” by U.S. 
soldiers in World War IL As 
for F-I6s, only Lockheed 
Martin, not toe people of Lar- 
in America or the United 
Stales, benefits from selling 
and servicing them. 

BERTRAM A. WHNERT. 

Nice. 


Tigers Off Course 

Much has been written 
about the currency devalu- 
ations in ASEAN countries. 
There sometimes is a hint of 
glee at toe “downfall,” in the 
same way that there was a hint 
of wonder when the same 
countries were performing 
economic miracles. 

No one questions whether 
Germany is finished despite 
tbe fact that toe U.S. dollar 
has risen 20 percent against 
the Deutsche mark so far this 
year. Yet there is much con- 
jecture over ASEAN’s ability 
to withstand the current fi- 
nancial crisis. 

ASEAN countries are 
nothing if not flexible. De- 
spite tremendous odds, les- 


sons will be learned and mea- 
sures will be taken to get back 
on course. The tigers will roar 
some more. 

ISABEL CARO WILSON. 

Madrid. 

Drugs and Politics 

A.M. Rosenthal, in “We 
Don't Want a Drug LegaJ- 
izer” (Opinion, July 31) 
seems to ignore the fact dial 
while there is a valid move- 
ment to legalize marijuana, 
other more potent and dan- 
gerous drugs have been in use 
as medicine for decades. Co- 
caine is used as a topical an- 
esthetic, and opiates (from 
which heroin hails) are used 
for general anesthesia. 

Furthermore, die new wave 


of drug abuse, as I see it, is 
with drags obtained through 
one’s doctor. 

I personally appreciate 
choice among painkillers. 
And if I can choose a 
marijuana derivative over an 
opiate-derived drug, I will 

W illiam Weld’s advocacy 
of legalization for medical 
use of marijuana should not 
affect his candidacy to be am- 
bassador to Mexico. 

Wbat we have here is yet 
another example of politi- 
cians seizing on toe issue of 
toe day to ensure that duty get 
maximum media coverage 
and that only a minimum of 
government business is ex- 
pedited. 

DANIEL YOHANNES. 

New York. 


CROSSWORD 


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QNeui York Times! Edited by Will Short*. 


Solution to Puzzle of Aug. 18 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 
TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 
PAGE 10 



Leather Makers to the Queen (and Ferrari and Jaguar Too) 

_ - 1 — - 


By Kate Singleton 

C ANTERBURY, England — 
There’s water everywhere. 
Great vats of it that churn their 
sodden contents slowly around. 
Vast hins and baths and basins full of 
murky liquids. And plenty on the pitted 
floors, awash with limy aqueous waste 
and fleshy residues. There’s nothing here 
that doesn't slop, flop, drip and spray. 
And most of it assails the nostrils too. 

Despite the sophisticated machinery 
that has now shortened many processes 
and replaced much manual heaving and 
shoving, tanneries still appear positively 
medieval in their smells and sounds and 


general leakiness. So when the outcome 
of their labors is the most exquisite 
l eafoe rware money can buy, the whole 
process appears to be imbued with the 
spirit of alchemy: the magical art of 
transmutation whereby base materials 
are turned into — well — what motorcar 
buffs would call works of art. For this is. 
the tannery that provides the leather that 
you find on the inside of Ferraris, Aston 
Martins, Morgans and Jaguars. 

Leather tanning at St. Mildred's Tan- 
nery in Canterbury goes back so far that 
it predates the establishment of the fa- t 
mous cathedral some 1,400 years ago. 
The firm is owned by the Connolly 
family, “leather tanners and curriers by 
appointment to Her Majesty Queen 



Elizabeth XL” The company was es- 
tablished in 1878 by Samuel and Joseph 
Connolly, the sons of a tiresmith and 
wheelwright. So great was their renown 
as shoesmiths and saddlers that in 1901 
they were commissioned to make the 
leather seats for Edward VU’s coron- 
ation coach. 

At the ton of the centoy, the Con- 
nolly brothers adapted their saddlery 
skills to meet the demands of the nas- 
cent automobile industry. When in 1904 
the Honorable Charles Rolls and Henry 
Royce built their first model, Connolly 
was chosen to supply die upholstery. 

Today die list of carmakers who have 
turned to Connolly for the last word in 
luxury interiors reads like a roll of hon- 
or. Chads also include Concorde and 
the QE2 — as well as at least 14 par- 
liaments around die world, including 
the Palace of Westminster, which sit on 
Connolly leather. 


A FTER more than a century of 
focusing on seats, the third 
and fourth generations of 
Connollys recently decided 
that their skills and experience could be 
used to provide a wider range. This has 
culminated in a new London store that, 
in addition to leather goods, also sells 
cashmere sweaters, ties and other ac- 
cessories. Tucked away b ehin d Hyde 
Park Comer, the Connolly showroom at 
32 Grosvenor Crescent Mews is an el- 
egant exercise in understatement and a 
far cry from the refined crush of nearby 
Belgravia shopping. 

Appropriately enough, the premises 
once served as a stable, complete with 
loose boxes and mews doors that have 
been sensitively incorporated into the 
building renovated by Andree Putman. 
Pride of place on the ground floor is 
taken by the collection of luggage de- 
signed by Ross Lovegxpve and made 


Leather headgear from St. Mildreds Tannery in Canterbury . England. 



Stretching the leather, part of a tanning process that still feels medieval. 


with consummate skill and attention to 
detail. On the floor above there is a huge 
table on which the entire range of Con- 
nolly automotive and upholstery hides 
can be unrolled. Here you can touch and 
sniff the leather, experiencing the 
beauty of pliancy, grain and hue. 


The Connolly headquarters is in the 
London suburb of Wimbledon. Tanned 
hides are trucked up to these rambling 
workshops from Canterbury on wooden 
“horses." The} - are inspected, oiled, 
dyed and sleeked, which is what cur- 
rying is ail about. Then they are 


stretched on mesh screens before being 
dried in carefully regulated ovens. Next 
comes a two-hour tumble « ahugr 
wooden drum to enhance the softness of 
the leather, and finally a last stretehinf- 
session using a sophisticated Dynavac 
machine. . 

T HE essence of this style of tan-. - 

ning and currying is the know- 
ing combination of tradjtion&l- 
methods and advanced technol- 
osv Hides may now be fleshed and spH- 

b T machine, but constant hands-on 
measurement and control are required ^ 
because no two hides are ever the same. 

The finest come from northern; . 
Europe, where low temperatures dis-^ 
courage such insects as the warble fly.i 
whose eggs laid under the skin cause-, 
considerable damage. Baths of lime and, 
sulfide remove salt, hair and traces of. 
dung from the hides, and the tanning as 
such replaces all aqueous substances^ 
with organic materials and metals. Al,- 
St. Mildred's, the current alchemy in n 
volves tri valent chromium, which softy 
ens the hide, and an organic mixture of- 
ex tracts from acacia bark and the huslpj . 
of the Indian myrobalan nut. which em, 
hance the leather’s rich aroma. 

“True leather is something unique,^ 
so coatins and texturizing it for uni- 
formity literally goes against the-; 
grain.’" says Jonathan Connolly, 36* j 
who looks after die prestigious Ferrari m 
account and is on the design committee j • 
planning future retail developments. 

“I believe that it's the individuality ; 
of leather at its best that our customers-] 
find so enticing," he says. “ThaJ’s, ; 
really what accounts for the success of 
our shop too. If things are individual, ' 
then they’re also exclusive." 

A 

Kaie Singleton is a writer based in 
Italy. 

.’i . 


price * ltl 

Den* Kif 
yH f " 1 


Eva Zeisel: 2 More Projects at the Age of 90 


By Lucie Young 

.Vrw r.iriL Tiros Xcr.nv 

N EW YORK — I am slimming right this 
moment," said Eva Zeisel, 90. upon hearing 
that photographers were expected. “I've 
only eaten" half of this scone, and I am 
putting the rest of it down." 

Zeisel was speaking on the phone during a tea break 
from designing a new collection of curvaceous 
wooden furniture. 

Fifty years after her first heyday as one of America's 
preeminent designers of ceramic tableware, Zeisel is 
enjoying the spotlight again. Twenty-Five of her pieces 
from the 1940s and "50s are back m production, 
including some from the sleek. lilting Tomorrow's 
Classics series and the rougher, more bohemian Town 
and Country line. 

“She is absolutely one of the greats of 20th-centuiy 
design," said Christopher Wilk, who brought the first 
retrospective of her work to the Brooklyn Museum, in 
1984, when he was a curator there the is now a chief 
curator at die Victoria & Albert Museum in London). 
“She became the leading designer in the ceramic 
industry in America." 

But more interesting to Zeisel are her new projects, 
like her Fust furniture collection (which includes 
pieces for home offices) and interiors for three Orig- 
inal Leather Stores — in SoHo, Greenwich Village 
and a new one to open next month at Madison Avenue 
and 8 2d Street. 

"I am almost committing suicide — they messed it 
up so badly, " she said in exasperation after a visit to 
the Madison Avenue construction site last week. “We. 
are having people come out of the bathroom on a 20- 
inch ledge, and they will all fail down the steps." 

Now busier than ever, Zeisel seems to be every- 
where at once. She shuttles between her apartment near 


CoJumbia University-, her studio in the Flatiron district 
and two homes in Rockland County, New York: a large 
while clapboard house, part of which is being rebuilt 
after a fire, and a seven-room guest house that started 
out as a garage and has sprouted in all directions. 

A visitor to Zeisel's Rockland domain should ex- 
pect a cup of her tea (which is strong enough to dye 
teeth on contact) and an energetic scamper all over die 
property. Wearing lavender rights under a pale gray 
housedfess with niffs at the neck and cuffs, she insists 
that a visitor accompany her to inspect her workshop, 
which is now full of the industrial-strength saws she 
uses to make furniture prototypes. 

Or she drags the visitor along to check on the 
progress of therebuildingof the main house. 

“The supports look like toothpicks," she told the 
workmen in her thick Hungarian accent, her unruly 
white hair standing up on end like Einstein's. Then she 
ordered them to escort her to the first floor of the 
damaged wing to bounce up and down a bit on the 
floorboards to test the sturdiness of the underpin- 
nings. 

“She suffers from projectitis," said Jean Richards, 
Zeisel's daughter. “She will go anywhere at any rime 
of day or night to see anything." 

Zeisel enlarged the guest house over a seven-year 
period in the 1960s. doing much of the work with her 
own hands. The result is an eccentric compilation of 
materials, including 1950s wrought-iron balustrades 
from hotels that are used as banisters, and factory 
windows that frame views of an indoor garden. 

A semicircular alcove in one of the two living rooms 
is partly walled with granite boulders pilfered from a 
building site on West L89th Street. Tbe night watch- 
man was somewhat perturbed when Zeisel (then six- 
ty so me thing] turned up in a U-Haul truck with some of 
her design students to cart off tbe rocks. He didn't stop 
them. 


“We were in the majority she said. “If I hadn't 
picked up the stones they would have gone on the 
rubbish.” 

The house's warmth and whimsy and lack of right 
angles were some of the elements that inspired Steven 
Rappaport, owner of the Original Leather Store, to 
engage Zeisel as his designer. He and his family rented 
the guest house for five years, from 1990 to 1*995. 

Despite current differences over tbe execution of 
the Madison Avenue shop. Rappaport is still a great 
fan. “The practical response to her work was that my 
business increased phenomenally," he said. 

Another of Zeisel’s projects is the office of her 
nephew John M. SfiitBfrihifptesi'denrof Brownstone " 
Publishers in Manhattan-.- • ....... 

’ ‘This is like Betty Crocker’s test kitchen. ’ ’ he said. 
“She used me as a test lab for the office furniture she 
wanted to design.” Zeisel apparently didn't wait for a 
commission (or even permission) from her nephew. 
She simply told him: ‘ ‘Don’t buy anything. I’ll build it 
all for you." 


T HE results are a curvaceously sculptured 
bookcase, desk, side chairs, two low tables 
and four filing cabinets that are camouflaged 
as a long sideboard (the individual units can be 
wheeled anywhere and have flip-up work surfaces). 

Paradoxically, though generations of Americans 
have dined, lunched and even breakfasted off her 
creations, most of her career has been spent in fac- 
tories, with little contact with her customers except by 
maiL So earlier this summer, to meet her public face to 
face, she decided to take a stand at the Rockland 
County Fair selling the new editions of her ceramics. 

“For the first rime ever, I saw people reach for and 
touch the pieces I designed," she said. "My Russian 
neighbor said it is d&lasse to sell at tbe market — but 
what do I care?" 



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T;,... .7 


FreU R CuandTOK New Yoik Time* , 

Zeisel with some of her works in progress at her workshop in Manhattan. \ 


BOOKS 


CHESS 


INVENTING MEMORY: 

A Novel of Mothers and 
Daughters 

By Erica Jong. 3/6 pages. $25. 
HarperCollins. 

Reviewed by Richard Lourie 

R ECENTLY when a college student 
informed me that his major was 
“creative writing," 1 just barely re- 
sisted the temptation to reply — As 
opposed to what, destructive writing? 
Now, however, 1 can see that ’such a 
category might well exist, for Erica 
Jong's excursion into history does dam- 
age to the novel as art form, to our 
notions of the past, and to the English 
language. Sloppy, pretentious, and of- 
ten unintentionally hilarious, this novel 
is right in tune with the rimes and no 
doubt destined for success. 

“Inventing Memory" chronicles the 
fates of four generations of Jewish wom- 
en — the told and resourceful Sarah 
who flees the pogroms of Russia to 
become a prominent portrait painter in 
early 20th-century New York: Salome, a 
flapper-writer who joins the literary Lost 
Generation in Paris: the drug-doomed 
folk singer Sally Sky (a nice touch, the 
family name Levitsky shortened to ’60s 
cosmic nomenclature), and finally to 
early 21 st-century Sara, who documents 
family histories, including her own, for 
the Council on Jewish History in New 
York. 

When not clashing with each other, 
the mothers and daughters struggle with 
Art and Truth and Sex. Their issues and 
imperatives are grandiose, melodramatic 
— “what kind of world is this for smart 
women?" “I have to claim my voice or 
die!” And what is the wisdom derived 
from a century of struggle? “Talent is 
talent but it’s not enough. You have to be 
able to sit in your chair and work. And 
work. And work. And work." 

Tbe text is peppered with Yiddish — 
words, sayings, proverbs ("Three 
things can never be hidden: love, a 
cough and poverty” ) — but seem over- 
used to disguise a Lack of true flavor. 
The same holds for the history. Though 


the author has indeed created heroines 
who are distinct products of their time, 
she is careless about creating tbe back- 
ground of those rimes through fact, in- 
cident and language. The word “fam- 
ously," which became a classy ciicto 
only in the last few years, is used both by 
the emigrant Sarah and in a fictional 
1951 Time magazine review. More dis- 
astrous anachronisms appear in Sa- 
lome’s godawful poem on the Holo- 
caust written ill December 1941, which 
includes references to bales of hair, eye 
glasses, gold and ovens that were not 
known at" that time. 

But why quibble when even old Sarah 
herself says: “Now the Holocaust has 
become a mini-series." Even when the 
details are right, they seem perfunctory, 
as in this description of early 20th- 
century New York: “It was a world of 
outdoor privies. Irish cops, whalebone 
corsets, dumbbell tenements and Beaux 
Arts (or Brownstone) mansions — but 
die griefs and heartbreaks were the 
same. The panic about being broke, the 
thud in the heart when love came to calL, 
the hopelessness of the old and the ar- 
rogance of the young — all these were 
the same." 

Like some strange particle of modem 
physics, the vulgarity of this novel ex- 
tends in every direction simultaneously, 
reaching from the Most High on down. 
The God of the Old Testament is de- 
scribed as: “This God was no wuss. 
This was a macho God. No wonder tbe 
Jews were so proud to have been chosen 
by such a torch God, Jahweh of the 
cojones." 

Oddly enough, Jong who made her 
reputation as a woman liberated enough 
to speak freely and openly about wom- 
en's experience of sex, writes erotic 
scenes that range from the banal to the 
laughable. Salome, in a chapter entitled 
“Days of Hope, Sex and the Literary 
Life," has the courage to let us see into 
her secret garden of erotic sentiment: 
“He is blond, tall, a Greek god. When he 
plays the piano, I get so excited I’m 
afraid I’ll wet tbe sofa. ’ * 

But my favorite bit of erotic metaphor 
appears in alerter from Salome to a lover. 


“I smell burning sugar wafting up from 
my panties." This line alone was worth 
tbe price of admission and will achieve 
immortality at least as far as I’m con- 
cerned: from now on whenever I catch 
any such odors drifting into my study, 1 
will have to wonder whether it's the 
scent of a woman or just crSme bruise. 

Richard Lourie, who is finishing a 
novel called “ The Autobiography of 
Joseph Stalin " and beginning a biog- 
raphy of Andrei Sakharov, wrote this for 
The Washington Post. 

THE GUN SELLER 

By Hugh Laurie. 339 pages. $24. Soho. 
Reviewed by Jay A. Fernandez 

L OOK no further. That is, please 
continue reading this review, but 
you can stop the search for that perfect 
read for the final weeks of tbe waning 
summer. If you can allow yourself only 
one more “light" book, just one, before 
die encroaching darkness of fall guilts 
you into re-reading “Being and Noth- 
ingness,” this has to be it “Tbe Gun 
Seller” is fast, topical, wry, suspense- 
ful, hilarious, witty, surprising, ridicu- 
lous anrf pretty wonderful. And you 
don't need a permit to buy it. 

Our narrator, as well as reluctant cru- 
sader against money-grubbing govern- 
ments and foe myopic military-indus- 
trial complex, might be James Fincham, 
a decent man in tbe wrong place at foe 
right time. Or he’s Herr Balfour, high- 
rolling vacationer at a swank Swiss ski 
resort. Or is he Ricky, the young, in- 
telligence-challenged Minnesotan ter- 
rorist? 

The man behind these identities is 
Thomas Lang, former officer of foe 
Scots Guard, unemployed, underfed and 
generally uninterested. Yet, by foe end, 
Lang stands as a hero for foe '90s: flip- 
pant, cynical, sensitive, resourceful, 
world-weary; strong and ethical. A man 
stranded in the middle of foe chaotic sea 
of modem life with just a healthy sense 
of irony for a life jadeet. 

The plot chases down our hero on 


page one as his arm is being painfully 
broken by another man. As clear as I can 
make it, this is why: 

While in Amsterdam doing nothing in 
particular, Lang was approached by a 
man named McCluskey who offered him 
a lot of money to kill a man named 
Alexander Woolf, at which point Lang, 
being foe upstanding guy he is, refused 
foe job, but decided to return to London 
and warn the target, whereby he was 
attacked by foe actual killer, who tries to 
break Lang's arm and is knocked silly by 
him. whereupon an enchanting woman 
whom Lang immediately falls in love 
with, and who turns out to be Woolf's 
daughter, appears and calls the police, 
who inform Lang that the man he has 
beaten badly is in fact Woolf's body- 
guard, causing Lang to appear to be foe 
attempted murderer, anti] Lang finds out 
that McCluskey is actually Alexander 
Woolf, a man who apparently hired Tj»ng 
to kill foe same man who hired him. 

Right 

Mind you, this only gets you to page 
50 or so, where foe plot gets really 
convoluted. And if you can put foe book 
down at this point you shouldn’t be 
reading anything without pictures. 
Laurie has constructed a delightful nov- 
el with (almost) everything: There’s a 
genuine plot twist on every other page. 

Hugh Laurie is an actor (“Black- 
adder," “Jeeves and Wooster"), and if 
you’ve ever seen “Blackadder,” you 
will recognize how easily his comic 
sensibility was transposed into this, his 
first noveL “As daft as tripe." one of 
my British colleagues quipped about 
tbe aufoor,.and while I'm not sure what 
the heck that means, it was said in a 
complimentary way. 

This is right on the money in de- 
scribing foe book as well. The playful 
likability of foe narrator had me laugh- 
ing and tbe plot machinery had me rapt, 
so that when I say that this is perfect 
li ght summer reading, it is meant in foe 
most complimentary way. 

Jay A. Fernandez, a Washington 
writer, wrote this for The Washington 
Post. 


By Robert Byrne 

V LADIMIR Kramnik, who is the 
No. 2 player in the world, bril- 
liantly confirmed his status by winning 
the elite Dortmund International Tour- 
nament in Germany in July. 

The 22-year-old Russian grandmas- 
ter scored 6\6-2 Vi to put himself a point 
ahead of the runner-up, Viswanathan 
Anand of India. Kramnik started his 
performance by an incisive victory over 
Anatoli Karpov in foe first round. 

The defense after5...Be7 is a Queen's 
Indian formation by Black facing an 
English Opening by White. 

Most players prefer foe recapture with 

8.. J4d5 to 8...ed, which supposedly gives 
Black a harder task with all foe pieces on 
foe board. But it does permit White cen- 
tral aggrandizement with 9 e4 Nc3 1 0 be 
Nc6 1 1 d4. 

Karpov’s 10...Nc6 may look strange, 
but he quite clearly does not like 10.. .c5. 
which allows White to operate with the 
plan of 1 1 d4 followed, with a little 
preparation, by 12 d5. establishing a 
strong passed d pawn. He would rather 
defend a passive but elusive position. 

In Kramnik's last experience against 
Karpov with foe position after 1 1 ...Na5. 
in the Amber Tournament in May, he 


KARPOV/BLACK 



chose 12 Ne5 Bd6 13 f4, got little and 
the game was a draw. This time he uses- 
an alternative scheme with 12 h4!? Re8 
13 h5 h6 14 Ne5 Bd6 15 Bf4. 

Kramnik increased his control of 
kingside space with 19 e5!? and threw 
his troops into that sector with 21 Re4. 
24 g4 and 25 g5. 

Karpov had to accept the pawn sac- 
rifice with 25...Ne3 26 fe hg, for oth- 
erwise 27 g6 or 27 gh would break open 
the black long position. 

After 30 e4, there was no defense 
against 3 1 ef gf 32 e5. Thus, 32...Bg7 33 
h61 Bh6 34 Rf6 Kh7 35 Nf4! Qg7 38 
Nh5 Qg8 39 Qd3 is annihilating. There- 
fore Karpov staked everything on coun- 
terattack with 30...Qa3. 

After 32 F7!, it would not have done 
any good for Karpov to play 32...Qd4 33 ' 
Kh2 Rc8 because 34 Ne5 Rdd8 35 Ng6“ 
Kh7 36 Nf8 RfS 37 Rg5! Kh8 38 Rg6! 
Qc5 39 QSb4 Qd6 40 Khl QdS 41 Qh3 
denies him any defense to 42 h6! Thus,' 

42.. .Kh7 43 Qc3! Qh4 44 Kg 1 sets up 45 C 
Qg7 mate. 

After 32...Rc8, however, Kramnik' 
charged with 33 d5! ed 34 eS! 

Karpov’s attempt to dam the tide with/; 

37.. .Be7 was overwhelmed by Kram- 

nik's 38 Rg5! Bg5 39 fg/Q. There was ' 
no need for Karoo v to have it spelled ouO 
with 39...RfS 40 RfS kh74I Qg5 Qbl 42-c 
e6 Rb7 43 e7, and he gave up. _ : 


o c d a r s 
KRAMNlKWHOt 

Position after 37 . . . Be7 


White 

Kramnik 

1 Nf3 

2 c 4 

3 g 3 

4 B&2 

5 0-6 

6 Nc3 

7 Rel 

8 cd 

9 e4 
to be 
11-04 

12 h4 

13 h5 

14 Ne5 

15 BM 

16 Qg4 

17 NSa 
16 Radi 
19 eS 


ENGLISH OPENING 


Black 

White 

Black 


Karpov 

Kramnik 

Karpov 


Nre 

20 Bc6 

Nc6 

■ 2 . 

b6 

21 Re4 

Qd7 


Bb7 

22 Qf3 

Bf8 


efi 

23 Be3 

Na5 

£ 

Ber 

24 g4 

Nc4 

. *■ 

OS 

25 g5 

Ne3 

€ 

04) 

26 Fe 

hg 


Nd5 

Nc3 

27 Rg4 

28 Rfl 

Rd7 


Nc6 

29 Qg3 

16 


Na5 

Re8 

30 64 

31 ef 

Qa3 

Qc3 


hfi 

32 f7 

Rc8 


B06 

33 05 

ed 


Qe7 

34 eS 

C5 


Kh8 

35 Rt3 

c4 


RadS 

36 N£2 

Qel 

— 

Bc6 

37 Kg2 

Be7 

- 

Ba3 

■» Rg5 

Bg5 



39 f8/Q 

Resigns 



*1 Hur*-.: 

"i sy- c 


itefc. : ' 






ncy 






KYOCERA shoots 


INTERNATIONAL 


$ 


R 


I 


) 


Texaco Deal 
Will Raise Its 
Oil Reserves 

Ct*q»kdbpOurSuffFimDaptacha 

. WHITE PLAINS, New York — 
Texaco Inc. agreed Monday to buy 
Monterey Resources Inc. for $1.4 
billion in stock and assumed debt, 
increasing its reserves of heavy oil 
in the western United States. 

The deal has Texaco exchanging 
its common stock for all outstand- 
ing shares of Monterey, which will 
be valued at $21 per share. Texaco 
also will assume Monterey’s ex- 
isting debt of approximately $285 

million. . .. . . 

The deal would immediately in- 
crease Texaco’ s daily production in 
California by 54,000 baxrds to 
180,000 barrels, and add 385 mil- 
lion barrels to Texaco's proved re- 
serves, the companies said. 

Monterey's share price suited 
on the news, gaining $5-3125 to 
$20-375 on the New York Stock 
Exchange, and Texaco shares 
edged up 75 cents to $1 10.75. 

“Monterey's existing produc- 
tion and asset base are very com- 
plimentary to Texaco s already sa- 

an analyst at Deutsche Morgan 

Grenfell. . . 

Texaco thinks it can gam a com- 

223, SSS3X 

produce and 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 



:2i<yDCERa 


COMTMimll 


TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


PAGE 11 


Price Cuts 
Dent Rise 
In Earnings 

At Hewlett 

' ^ CtmpQed to Ow SugFom DapnrA, 

p ^? SE ’. Caiifomia — Hewlett- 
ractard Co. said Monday that its third- 
quarter earnings rose 45 percent, well 
below expectations, as price cuts in 
computers and printers and product 
delays in its medical-equipment busi- 
. ness ate into profit. 

The company said it earned $617 
million, or 58 cents a share, in the three 
months ended July 31, up from $425 
million, or 40 cents a share, a year ago. 
Bui profits would have risea only II 
percent if the company had not taken a 
one-time charge of $135 million last 
year to shed its disk-drive business. 

Revenue for the quarter rose 15 per- 
cent, to $10.47 billion. 

Hewlett-Packard’s stock price fell 
S3, or about 5 percent, in New Yoric 
^ trading, to $63.0625. 

* j* The company’s c hairman , Lewis 
Platt, said Hewlett posted healthy gains 
in orders and revenues from its personal 
computers, printers and chip-testing 
equipment But the company spent 
more to stimulate demand, inclu ding 
price cuts on its machines. 

In addition, third-quarter profits were 
dampened by delays in shipping med- 
ical test equipment because of the in- 
troduction of new products. 

Those factors reduced what Hewlett- 
Packard earns from its products, erod- 
ing gross margins from 34.8 percent in 
the second quarter to 32.6 percent in the 
quarter just ended, said Robert Herwick, 
president of Herwick Capital Manage- 
ment in San Francisco. “The battle for 
market share is putting pressure on mar- 
gins.'* 

During the quarter, Hewlett-Packard 
enjoyed a 19 percent gain in product 
•*;. orders, led by 25 percent growth in the 
' / United States. The company was one of 
several PC manufacturers to slash prices 
to increase sales. 

The company cut prices on some of its 
commercial desktop computers by as 
much as 24 percent after a spate of cuts 
by Compaq Computer Corp. and others. 
Hewletf-Par±ard also reduced printer 
and workstation prices to try to protect its 
market share. (AP, Bloomberg) 



nrr 


Asia’s Currency Crisis 
Whs Doomed to Spread 


By Philip Bowring 

truer national Herald Tribune 


HONG KONG — Two of the ap- 
parently least likely targets for cur- 
rency speculators. Indonesia and 
Hong Kong, came under pressure last 
week. Indonesia was forced to aban- 
don its band of fluctuation against the 
dollar and the rupiah promptly fell 8 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


percent Since die start of the year it 
has now fallen 22 percent — almost 
as much as the Thai baht 

Meanwhile, selling of the Hong 
Kong dollar, which is formally 
pegged to the U.S. dollar, forced up 
local interbank rates and sparked a 
sell-off in a stock market that until 
then had been up more than 25 per- 
cent this year. 

Some Southeast Asian currency 
adjustment was in the cards given the 
global strength of die dollar and the 
w eakening of the yen and the South 
Korean won. But die extent of it has 
been a surprise. Is this mere sheep- 
like behavior by foreign-exchange 
dealers who tend to lump together 


very different Asian economies? Or is 
it delivering the message: you may 
not recognize it, but you have early 
symptoms of many of Thailand's 
problems? 

The fall of the rupiah was par- 
ticularly surprising since the currency 
had absorbed last year's riots in 
Jakarta with barely a ripple. By no 
stretch of the imagination can Indone- 
sia’s economy be said to be in any- 
thing approximating T hai conditions. 
Its current-account deficit and shear- 
term debt are small by comparison, 
and its banks are much less exposed to 
property investments. Its trade ac- 
count is stable, inflation has been 
falling and it has a 30-year history of 
sound mac ro- managemen t 

Because it is primarily an exporter 
of commodities, Indonesia has not 
been significantly hurt by China’s 
dumping of cheap manufactures on 
world markets. Commodities are dol- 
lar-based, so Indonesia is not harmed 
by a strong dollar. 

A 22 percent fall far the rupiah is 
evidently a serious overshoot. But 
President Suharto has been wise 

See ATTACK, Page 15 


INTERNATIONAL STOCKS 


Bavarian Duo on Rocks? 

Planned Merger of 2 Banks May Face Snag 


AFX News 

FRANKFURT — The merger of 
Bayerische Hypotheken- & Wechsel- 
bank AG and Bayerische Vereinsbank 
AG looks less fikely than was first 
thought, now that the euphoria that 
emerged after the deal was announced 
has died down, analysts said Monday. 

Udo Bandow, chairman of Vereins- 
& Westbank AG, which is managing die 
deal, signaled that view on Monday 
when he said Hypobank shareholders 
w so far been reluctant to respond to 
the offer, which involves swapping six 
of their Hypobank shares for one Al- 
lianz AG share. 

Under the deaL Bayerische Verdns- 
baok is to buy 45 percent ofHypobank’s 
stock in exchange for shares it owns in 
Allianz AG, a large insurance company. 
The bank then plans to raise money to 
shore up its financial position and later 
create a single entity with new stock. 

Mr. Bandow said he thought the cur- 
rent advertising campaign was not get- 
ting the message across, but analysts 
think 1 there are more fundamental rea- 
sons for investor reluctance. 

“A lot of people thought the merger 
itself was quite a positive deal, but now 
toe technicalities are becoming clearer. 


announcement, the six-for-one conver- 
sion formula represents a 30 percent 
premium to Hypobank shareholders. 

That premium was designed to com- 
pensate Hypobank shareholders for the 
benefits that would be lost by not having 
a stake in the merged bank. However, 
the premium has been factored into Hy- 
pobank’s share price, and it is by no 
means certain Hypobank shares would 
shed this 30 percent if the deal were not 
to succeed, analysts stud. 

Furthermore, analysts said many in- 
vestors were waiting for everybody else 
to swap their Hypobank shares before 
doing so themselves in the second phase 
of the deal, which will only take place if 
45 percent of Hypobank shareholders 
accept file offer. 

“Most fund managers are inclined to 
bold on,” said a London-based analyst 
who did not want to be named. ‘They 
are hoping 45 percent will submit, but it 
won’t be firem.” 

The main problem with hanging onto 
Hypobank shares is that the conversion 
ratio for die second phase is not known. 
The Hypobank/V ereinsbank swap ratio 
will probably be 45 to 55, both banks 
have said , which fits with the two banks’ 
current book value. 

The six-to-one swap formula for the 


it’s not looking such a sure bet,” said ;r — - - 

On the basis of Hypobank and Al- 
lianz share prices before the merger See BANKS, Page 15 


fflpMNCY & INTEREST RAWS 


Aug. is Ubid-Ubor Rates 


Aug-ta 


sr. “ *>* 
U9 W LOT L3®, 


R ateS -j, pjr tU OX LF- 

* is 35 AM "'mb 55 M w* 

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1 WJ6 BtSfc a* “ £5 4WH CJH L*3 

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„ ^ ™ u« gg S me on- u* »' 

V5 3s OEM IWB 0* S LOO UMS UB W* 

iS !£ 


Swiss BMC* 

Dolor D-Mnt Rate Stafiog Fi*tf Ten ECU 

1 -month 5K-5M 7V»-9t* IV* -IK* 6V*- 7V» 3*. - W. **- ** 
3-mwtOi 59W-SM 3W-3V* 1%-lVi 7V*-7V4 3%k-3*k Vi-V* 
Mnontti 3 W- 3 W 19 U- 1 * 7 V 4-714 rtV-S* M'* 

i -jo* 3V.-3M m-n t* m-7V4 

Ro^^^^O^l^depostts of SI mm fl mWmwn larequtntent}. 


iws 

2S54S 

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20800 

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24938 


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P0E.P*" 

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sssr *35 


5. Air. rand 
S.Kur.mi 

$«wd. krona 

Taiwi* 

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Per! 

44885 

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7.9fi5S 

2872 

32J30 

163345 

26725 

<9452 


9 tutor OBIMrt 

123 ii 

U119 I- 8 ® 3 


MU »«» 

11X27 >18^ 

IJBI4 1^968 1-«1S 


Key Money Rates 

United Stott* Onsa 

Obceuntret* 5.00 

Pitmerah 8W 

FatiBndfntf* SVi 

ndaf CDsdMtas SSi 

ISMoyCPdtotos 5S2 

3 matt Ttcsory ke 5-n 

l^esr Trtsswy 820 

2 - jr«cr Treoswyba 880 

VyaorTmsny ooto 804 

JlfeerTnasarT nob 6.JJ 

TO^WflrTreaswy oete 620 

3*mrTma**trbeod 4J2 

MtnS Lynch 3Mo» BA 5.13 

jB>oa 

Pn en u a t wa 050 

CoflnMW 042 

l^auMiktobnak 049 

3- flWdhUHtank 084 

4- nMsN) fettrtock 087 

IBdWGeittad 232 

cror 

untadraa 480 

Cnfimeotr ZOS 

MtdkUatak 3.10 

3-BKffSi Interteak 219 

44noatti tatntank 335 

IBHftar Bbb 4 SO? 


Pnv Britain 
5JB Badctoanoa 
8V4 Oflouett 
5H iHoaolh tatalmuk 
540 3 rorthlu H rt m E 

542 4 w nth UtartwaO 
AM ) Hot »t 

521 

584 PranC* 

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fw caaoon 
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314 

34b 

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SJS 

589 


S3? 


AJA. PJA. arte 


Mexico Reports Growth of 8.8% 

Economy Surges on Rising Exports and Consumer Spending 


Bloomberg News 

MEXICO CITY — The Mexican 
economy expanded at a higher-than- 
expected annual rate of 8.8 percent in 
the second quarter as exports rose and 
consumer spending rebounded, the gov- 
ernment announced Monday. 

It was the largest quarterly rise in 16 
years. 

“The number is spectacular, and it is 
much stronger than we all expected,” 
said Javier Murrio, economist at CS 
First Boston. * ‘The consumer in Mexico 
is alive again.” 

The Finance Ministry said it had fore- 
cast an increase of 55 percent or more. 

The Treasury said growth in file 
second quarter was aided by the fact that 
the quarter had more working days than 
it (fid last year. 

Without the additional working days, 
gross domestic product would have 
grown by 7.4 percent for the quarter. 

The report puts the government on 
track to meet or exceed its announced 
4.5 percent growth target for the year. 

Mexico’s GDP rose by an annual rate 
5.1 percent in the first quarter. For the 
first six mou ths of the year, the economy 
expanded by 7 percent 


The biggest surprise of the robust 
expansion was the growth in fiie service 
industry, which reached 7.7 percent in 
the second quarter, lifting the sector's 
growth rate to 6.3 percent in the Janu- 
ary-ro-June period. 

Within the service industry, the trans- 
port, warehousing and communications 
sector showed a 93percent growth rate 
in the first half. The commence, res- 
taurant and hotel industries expanded by 
8.8percenL 

The financial-services industry grew 
S.2 percent in the January-to-June peri- 
od, while professional services in- 
creased 3.8 percent 

Industrial output rose 8.8 percent in 
the first half, boosted by a growing 
manufacturing and construction in- 
dustry, which grew 9. 1 percent and 10.2 
percent, respectively. 

Finally, agricultural industry grew 
5.8 percent in the first six months of the 
year tha nks to higher production of 
com, wheat, beans, sorghum and fruit, 
including lemons, apples, pairs and ba- 
nanas. 

Mexico released the second-quarter 
GDP figures a day ahead of schedule. 
Analysts said file number might have 


been released ahead of time to offset 
investors’ concern over the murder of 
the brother of Mexico’s finance min- 
ister, Guillermo Ortiz. 

Aiejandro Ortiz was shot to death 
Saturday in his car outside his Mexico 
City home. 

Mexican stocks fell Monday as op- 
timism over the GDP report was offsk 
by slumping U.5. stocks and concern 
that the weekend murder could trigger 
political instability. In late trading, the 
Bolsa index was down 8736 points, or 
1.77 percent, at 4,869.05. 

The peso was also weaker. The dollar 
rose to 7.762 pesos in 4 P.M. trading, 
from 7.755. 

“The markets are nervous right now 
with what’s happened with the U.S. 
market,” said Bill Westhof, manager of 
American Express Co.’s IDS fund. “In- 
vestors are looking for reasons to go to 
the sidelines. You throw a murder in and 
it’s another reason to selL” 

After fellin g more than 3 percent on 
Friday, the Dow Joaes industrial rose 
more than 100 points late Monday. Many 
of Mexico's largest companies trade in 
the United States, so declines on Wall 
Street can affect the Mexican maricet. 


IBM Computers to Use ‘Windows’ 


Conptied by Ow Sa&Frvm Dhtutcba 

NEW YORK — International Busi- 
ness Machines Corp. said Monday it 
would give its powerful business com- 
puters the ability to mn Microsoft 
Corp/s Windows NT software in an 
effort to regain market share from com- 
peting machines that ran the popular 
operating system. 

IBM said it was also bolstering the 
performance of the AS/400 computers, 
introducing new models designed to 
help companies conduct business with 
customers over the Internet 

IBM’s AS/400 machines, its 
midrange line of business computers, 
currently use the company’s proprietary 
operating system to run networks of 
desktop machines. 

But sales of the machines have 
dropped recently and company exec- 
utives have said that is because of rising 
demand for computers that run Win- 
dows NT. 


IBM plans to sell equipment early 
next year that enables users to upgrade 
existing AS/400 and machines so the 
computers can ran Windows NT ap- 
plications as well as software made for 
the IBM operating system. 

“We really think there’s tremendous 
growth opportunity for the AS/400,” 
said Bill Zeiiier, head of IBM’s AS/400 
division. * ‘Making it interoperative with 
Windows NT is just one way to do it." 

The new AS/400e models IBM in- 
troduced Monday have nearly five times 
more processing power, and will cost 
from $8,000 to $1.2 million. 

IBM hopes the new line will spark 
Dew life into its hardware business, 
which has endured a sluggish revenue 
performance this year as the company 
works through product transitions in 
several of its high-end lines. 

At the same time, IBM hopes to cap- 
ture a lucrative slice of the market in 
helping companies capitalize on the 


changing nature of conducting electron- 
ic business. 

As with earlier models, the new serv- 
ers are intended to run virtually out-of- 
tbe-box, with operating system and oth- 
er software loaded before delivery. 

IBM has enhanced the offering by 
loading non-IBM business applications 
as specified by the customer. 

The success of the model, a roughly 
$5 billion business, is important for 
IBM, which only recently saw its tra- 
ditional hardware business cease to 
provide more than half its total annual 
revenues. Now, much of the company’s 
growth is coining from its booming, 
albeit smaller services business. 

The turnaround for AS/400 could 
come soon, Mr. Zeitler said, with full 
production of file line expected within 
two weeks and strong customer demand 
already surfacing ~ 

IBM stock rose $4.0625 to $104.00. 

(AFX, AP. Reuters) 


&54 

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PAGE 12 


ATiYiTTiy I 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUN E, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


Young Workers Turn to Unions 


Source: Boamberg, Reuters Inorasiiial Herald Tribune 

Very briefiya 

• The Teamsters announced new actions to strengthen their 
pickets as the union and United Parcel Service of America 
Inc. returned to the bargaining table; the announcement 
dampened speculation that a deal was imminent. 

• Toys *12 ' Us Inc. earned $36.7 milli on in the second quarter, 
bearing estimates and rebounding from a S7.S million loss a 
year ago. Sales rose IS percent to $1.99 billion. 

• Amdahl Corp. shareholders filed 10 lawsuits in Delaware 
to stop Fujitsu Ltd. from acquiring the computer maker, 
claiming the $12 a share, $850 milli on bid is coo iow. 

• Golden State Bancorp, formerly known as Glendale Fed- 
eral Bank, agreed to acquire Cenfed Financial Corp. for $210 
million in stock. Cenfed operates in the Los Angeles area. 

• Designs Inc. said it planned to liquidate its Boston Traders 
brand and close 33 stores, or 21 percent of its chain, to focus on 
selling Levi's and Dockers casual wear. 

• Cornerstone Properties Inc. of New York said it would 

pay SI .06 billion to a Dutch pension fund for 11 office 
buildings, making it one of the largest publicly held com- 
mercial real estate companies. Reuters. Bloomberg 


Weekend Box Office 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — “Cop Land" dominated die U.S. box 
office over the weekend, with a gross of 513 million. Following 
are the Top 1 0 moneymakers, based on Friday's ticket sales and 
estimated sales for Saturday and Sunday. 


Ttie Associated Press 

SAN FRANCISCO — They’re 
20, they’re hip, and — more and 
more often — they’re unionized. 

A growing number of young 
employees in the United States are 
demanding higher wages and bet- 
ter benefits from what might seem 
like unlikely sources. 

Their employers include the cof- 
fee-shop chain Starbucks, Borders 
Books & Music and Noah’s Bagels 
restaurants, aO companies that 
have Raided themselves on progres- 
sive, employee-friendly policies. 

Each company, hourever, has 
gone public. Union members said 
that h«d triads company executives 
mere beholden ^shareholders and 
less attentive to employees, creating 
a need for workers to organize. 

“After three or four years, all 
we really have is credit card debt,” 
says Chris Grant, a 23-year-old 
book cleric at Borders who helped 
form a union at the store in Chica- 
go where he has worked for two 
and a half years. 

Though they have not negotiated 
a contract, employees also have 
organized unions at Borders stores 
in Des Moines, Iowa; Bryn Mawr, 
Pennsylvania, and New York. 


The idea appears to be catching 
on. Employees at a handful of Siar- 
bncksCorp. stores in Vancouver, 
British Columbia, organized last 
fall, winning a new contract with 
better wages. 

And, in July, Einstein/Noah’s 
Bagel Corp. agreed to recognize a 
union in Berkeley, California, 
after months of legal challenges. 

"We’re not out to gouge the 
company or ask for the sky,” says 
Joshua S mith, 23, who has worked 
for Noah's for four years. 

But, he said, things changed 

after the company’s founder, Noah 

Alper, sold his chain in 1996. 
Based on customer complaints, the 
new owners instituted what some 
employees considered "conserva- 
tive” policies, including l i m iti n g 
the types of facial piercings em- 
ployees could have. 

And more importantly, said Mr. 
Smith — who has no piercings — 
the company cut back on health 
benefits. “We wanted to insert 
some stability.” he said. 

As a result, in a secret-ballot 
election, the employees voted 13 
to 1 to join the United Food & 
Commercial Workers Local 870. 
Earlier this month, the fledgling 


union handed the company’s man- 
agement a three-page contract ask- 
ing for full benefits for part-timers 
and higher wages. They said they 
would deal with the piercing issue 
later, though in the meantime sev- 
eral employees have removed their 
piercings or gotten s mall er ones. 

Executives from Einstein/ 
Noah’s said the union in Berkeley 
and another that is forming at a 
nearby store were anomalies. 

“I just don’t think it fits the 
lifestyle of most of our employ- 
ees,” said Gary Gerdemann, a 
company spokesman. 

Most employees, he added, pre- 
ferred a flexible schedule to high 
salaries and stellar benefits. 

Bnt higher salaries and better 
benefits are what Borders’ em- 
ployees are asking for. In addition 
to more health benefits, they want 
a starting wage of $7 an hour in- 
stead of $6 .50 and the right to work 
40 hows a week instead of 37.5. 

Bordens Group Inc. would not 
comment. 

Union members said the wages 
were only fair. They said that 
many workers were college gradu- 
ates turning service-industry jobs 
into careers. 


Bundesbank Official 
Helps Dollar Advance 


1. Cop Land 

{Miramax) 

S UDmiEon 

2. Air Force One 

(Columbia PkHitm) 

minion 

3. Conspiracy Theory 

(Warner Bn&J 

5 \12 rmflton 

4. Event Horizon 

( Paramount ) 

SWralBon 

S. Spawn 

(New Ur* Cinema) 

SS .1 million 

6. Grope at Jungle 

(WOt Doner) 

SOBnDMon. 

7. Men bi Block. 

ICalvmlria Pictures) 

t4JmSon 

& Picture Perfect 

ftlwrAACMUp/tZEf 

S33<nlHan 

9. Contact 

IWomerBmJ 

S2AmitBoo 

10. How to Be a Player 

(Patygmm] 

$Z4milflon 


AM£X 


Monday's 4 P.M. Close 

Die top 300 mast odive stales, 
up to the dosing on Writ Street. 
The Assooated Press. 






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STOCKS: Dow Rebounds After Slump in Europe and Asia 


Continued from Page 1 

to close with a loss of only 2.93 
percent. 

In both Malaysia and the Phil- 
ippines, stock prices slid 33 per- 
cent But Tokyo, Asia's largest mar- 
ket, fared well as the Nikkei index of 
225 stocks closed only 1.47 percent 
lower. Only Hong Kong escaped the 
trend with its markets closed for a 
holiday. 

In the absence of any hard new 
economic news, and in the middle of 
what is traditionally the slowest 
month of die year, strategists from 
New York to Milan insisted that 
there was little to worry about in the 
stock markets' new downward drift 

“None of the macroeconomic 
fundamentals have changed, so the 
consensus in Europe is that this 
should be viewed as a buying op- 
portunity,” said Bryan Allworthy, 
equity strategist with Merrill Lynch 
in London. 

Underpinning such optimism in 
Europe is the expectation that pretax 
corporate profits for Continental 
companies will rise 27 percent on 
average this year. Mr. All worthy said 
that even that bullish forecast was 
too meek. He predicted gains well 


into “the thirties,” and said Euro- 
peans would finish with some of the 
biggest profitability gains of any re- 
gion in the world next year as welL 

Back on Wall Street, investors 
have only in the past couple of 
weeks begun to worry that more 
than five years of sharp earnings 
gains may be ebbing. Recent sur- 
prise warnings of a slower gravy 
train pummeled die share prices of 
two of the market’s long-time fa- 
vorites — Coca-Cola Co. and Gil- 
lette Co. — last week. 

Any hope that such disappoint- 
ments might be confined to the so- 
called Nifty Fifty, the big blue-chip 
companies, evaporated quickly on 
Monday morning when Hewlett- 
Packard Co. posted disappointing 
earnings. Many analysts point to 
such company-specific corrections 
as proof of the health of America's 
now aging bull market 

But after a steep climb that took 
the Dow on Aug. 6 to apeak that was 
25 percent above its year-end levels, 
many observers say a pause or even 
a correction of 10 percent or so 
would hardly be out of place. 

Few analysts say that Friday's 
losses litthenisefor a financial panic, 
or even signaled anything but a brief 


pause in the market's momentum. 
For the bears, die forage r emains far 
too scarce, most analysts say. 

Economies in both the United 
Stales and Europe are growing and 
inflation is low. In America, that 
benign state of affairs is mirrored in 
the widespread faith fhat when die 
Federal Reserve Board *s Open Mar- 
ket Committee meets on Tuesday, it 
will again opt to keep interest rates 
where they are. 

U.S. bonds rose for the third of 
the past four days amid expectations 
that subdued inflation would allow 
the Fed to hold bank rates steady in 
the near term. 

The price of the benchmark 30- 
year Treasuiy bond rose 1 1/32 to 98 
5/32, pushing its yield down to 632 
percent from 634 percent on Friday. 
Some analysts said bonds got a lift 
from the falling stock market as 
investors sought die safe haven of 
government securities, Bloomberg 
News reported. 

The Nasdaq composite index, 
which contains many computer-re- 
lated issues, rose 7.49 points to 
136932. Intel was the most active 
issue, rising 2 7/16 to 94 9/16. 

The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock 
index rose 1 1.68 points to 912.49. 


Cammed hj Oar Syfffmm Dafuxha 

NEW YORK — The dollar rose 
most major currencies on 
Monday after a German central 
bank official quashed expectations 
the Bundesbank will raise interest 
rates soon to defend the mark. 

Hans Juergen Krupp, a Bundes- 
bank council member, said growth 
was not expanding fast enough to 
warrant higher interest rates, a 
move he said would be “highly 
damaging’' to the economy. 

"All things being equal, they 
won’t do anything,” said John Me 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE 

Carthy of ING Baring Capital Mar- 
kets. “They enjoy talking, and 
that’s all they’ll do.” 

A rate increase in Germany 
would increase returns on mark- 
denominated deposits, offering in- 
vestors an incentive to hold the Ger- 
man currency, but it would also 
make borrowing mere expensive 
for companies and consumers, po- 
tentially stifling Germany's fragile 
recovery. 

Meanwhile, in a monthly report 
released Monday, the German 
Bankers’ Association said, “Spec- 
ulation about a cautions German 
monetary policy tightening has 
faded somewhat into the back- 
ground in view of the light sta- 
bilization of the Deutsche mark 
against the dollar and sterling.” 

In 4 PJVL trading, the dollar was 
at 1.8335 DM up from 1.8204 DM 
at the close on Friday. It rose to 
1 18.00 yen from 1 17385 yen. 

The dollar was supported against 
the yen by a report dial Japan's 
trade surplus rose less than analysts 
expected in July. 

The Federal Reserve Board’s 
Open Market Committee also 
meets Tuesday to set U.S. monetary 
policy. Many ’in the market expect 
the Fed to leave rates alone as recent 
evidence has shown that inflation 
remains subdned, though U.S. 
growth has been steady. 

“We think there’s more chance of 
a surprise at the September meeting, 
where there’s a good chance of a 25 
basis-point rise,” said Mark Hale, 
senior economist at Saknra Finance 
International “We think there will 
be no change in rates this week.” 

Against other major currencies, 
the dollar rose to 6.1705 French 
francs from 6.1425, and to 13170 
Swiss francs from 13065. The 

? ound fell to $1.6062 from 
1.6093. 

The Hong Kong dollar was little 
changed after a top central banker 


threatened to drive up interest rates 
to “bum” speculators betting the 
currency would soon lose value. 

Speculation rose last week that 
Hongkong might let its currency 
float freely. The U3. dollar is cur- 
rently pegged at 7.7 Hong Kong 
dollars. Speculators who expect a 
currency to lose value often borrow, 
then sell large amounts of it id 
hopes they will buy it back at lower 
prices later. 

On Friday, in one-year forward 
tiding, a reflection of the cur- 
rency's projected future value, the 
U S dollar rose to a 10-year high of 
7.9 Hong Koog dollars. m 

Meanwhile, Kenya’s shilling slid 
to an official intraday low against 
the dollar on Monday as political 
and economic instability continued 
to weigh on the market. 

Commercial bank dealers in 
Nairobi said the shilling edged up li 
percent to close at 69.99 to die dol- 
lar after touching a low of 70.68. ■ 

The shilling has dropped 18 per-! 
cent against the dollar since the 
International Monetary Fund, citing 
corruption, canceled a key aid pack-, 
age on July 31. (Bbombergi 
Reuters, Bridge News/ 

Dart Reaches Pact 
WithMembersof ^ 
Founder’s Family 

The Associated Press 

LANDOVER, Maryland — 

The board of Dart Group Corp. 
has reached a multimilUon-dol- 
lar settlement with three mem- 
bers of the family that founded 
the retail company. 

If approved by Dart’s board 
of directors, die settlement 
would mean the end of a pending 
claim by Robert, Gloria and 
Linda Haft to control Dart, die 
parent company of the Crown 
Books, Trak Auto and Shoppers 
Food Warehouse chains. 

Under the settlement an- 
nounced Sunday, Dart would 
purchase shares in Dart from 
three family members. It would 
also terminate their options to ifo 
boy additional shares of Dut " 
The three family members 
would be paid $41 milli on 
Dart said it was also working 
on settlement with anotherfam- 
ily member, Ronald Haft, and 
with the company's founder ! 
and chairman, Herbert Haft 


U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBU NE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19 , 1997 

EUROPE 


PAGE 13 


% Cost Cuts 
And Weak 
Mark Lift 
VW s Net 


\\ 




"4* * ; . . 


, WOLFSBURG, Gemmy, 

— Volkswagen AG said Mon- 
lt ? ^ond-qoarter net 
profit climbed 90 percent as the 
carmaker cut costs and the 

weakening Deutsche mark 
bolstered foreign demand. 

Europe's largest carmaker 
sard profit for the quarter rose to 
316 million DM ($171.5 mil- 
lion) from 166 million DM a 
year earlier. Profit grew 48 per- 
cent from the first quarter 
mainly because of reduced tax 
charges, analysts said. 

“The trend is good, but the 
numbers are broadly in line 
with market expectations,’ ’ 
said Francois Colli, analyst at 
: Paribas Capital Markets in Lon- 
don. “Volume, currency and 
cost-cutting all contributed.” 

Stock in the company fell 7 
. DM, to 1,285 DM. 

Volkswagen, which sells 
vehicles under the VW, Skoda, 
SEAT and Andi brands, said it 
would report higher profit for 
1997, compared with 1996, 
when it had a net profit of 678 
billion DM on sales of 100.1 
billion DM. 

Cost-cutting has allowed 
Volkswagen ro pack more op- 
tions into its cars without in- 
creasing prices, helping the 
company surpass rivals such as 
Ford-Werke AG and Renault 
SA of France, which are strug- 
gling to return to profit. 

Volkswagen has cut costs in 
part through a plan to reduce the 
□umber of platforms on which 
its cars are built to four from 16. 
It has also benefited from the 
weak mark, which has fallen 
almost 5 percent against a basket 
of currencies of Germany's ma- 
jor trading partners. The weaker 
mark makes Volkswagen 
products Jess expensive abroad. 

First-half profit rose 73 per- 
cent, to 488 million DM. First- 
half sales rose 12 percent to 56 J 
billion DM from the same peri- 
od last year, with much of die 
growth coming from abroad. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Exports Fuel German Economic Strength 


CMVGribfOurSlaSFwm Oupatkn 

BONN — The German economy 

gathering strength because of 
booming exports, and unemploy- 
ment is set to begin falling con- 
vincingly from its recent postwar 
record levels, Economics Minister 
Guenter Rexrodt said Monday. 

Mr. Rexrodt said gross domestic 
product grew as much as 1 percent in 
me second quarter from the previous 
quarter, and 25 to 3 percent from a 
year earlier. 

Separately, a Bundesbank council 
member warned that higher interest 
rates would damage the economy. 

Mr. Rexrodt said the relatively 
weak mark was bolstering exports, 
allowing Germany to increase its 
share of world markets, without 
fueling inflation, he added. 

‘‘The economic train has speeded 
up t h a nk s to booming exports, and 
the long-awaited turnaround in the 
labor market is on the horizon,” Mr. 
Rexrodt said. 


But he added that the economy 
was still ‘ ‘divided * ’ between thriving 
exports and modest domestic 
growth, though evidence of a revival 
in the home market is beginning to 
surface. 

The government's full report on 
second-quarter gross domestic 
product will be published Sept. 10. 

Germany’s economy is on track 
to allow it to qualify for European 
economic and monetary onion, Mr. 
Rexrodt said. 

“We will meet the criteria.” he 
said. He attributed the mark's rel- 
ative weakness against the dollar 
and the pound to a correction of its 
previous overvaluation, and to the 
fact that Germany was in a different 
phase of its economic cycle than the 
United States and Britain. 

He said that German expons, 
which have been fueling economic 
recovery, would grow faster than 
world trade, increasing Germany's 
share of world markets. 


But he pointed out that while ex- 
ports to die United Stales and 
Canada were strong, exports to 
European Union countries are ‘‘be- 
low average,” reflecting sluggish 
European economies. 

His comments contradicted a sur- 
vey on competitiveness issued by 
the German chamber of industry and 
commerce, the DJHT, which said it 
expects German companies to lose 
ground in fore ig n markets. 

The report, also issued Monday, 
said production costs were too high 
and companies did not have a big 
enough presence in the world’s fast- 
est-growing economies. 

The report urged companies to 
invest more abroad. 

In 1996, Germany’s share of 
world markets dropped to 10.6 per- 
cent from 11.1 percent in the pre- 
vious year. 

Germany’s exporters have ben- 
efited from the depreciation of tbe 
Deutsche mark since it surged to a 


KLM Links Up With Braathens 


CoapOei by Our SuffFnm Oupeucka 

AMSTELVEEN, Netherlands — 
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines NV said 
Monday that it would form a part- 
nership with Braathens SAFE ASA 
of Norway to expand its European 
network and make it more com- 
petitive against other global airline 
alliances. 

KLM. Europe's fourth -biggest 
airline, said it would buy a 30 per- 
cent stake in Braathens for 845.25 
million kroner ($1 10.8 million) as 
tbe two airlines coordinated their 
schedules, maintenance and fre- 
quent flyer programs. 

The Dutch airline has sought stra- 


tegic alliances to increase market 
share in Europe. Analysis said that 
the Braathens deal was a surprise 
because a link-up with Alitalia of 
Italy had been mooted. Worries that 
the Italian airline might be left out 
sent that carrier's shares down in tbe 
past few days; they finished Mon- 
day at 90 9 lire (50 cents), down 53. 

KLM, spurred by concern over 
the pending partnership of British 
Airways PLC and American Air- 
lines Inc., has been actively seeking 
affiliates to feed its hub at Am- 
sterdam's Schipbol airport. 

Braathens brings access to most 
of the Nordic region. It has about 


half the Norwegian domestic market 
and recently teamed up with Finn air 
Oy of Finland and TYanswede of 
Sweden, of which Braathens owns 
half, to combine bonus programs 
and coordinate flights in competi- 
tion with Scandinavian Airlines Sys- 
tem, the region's dominant carrier. 

SAS said it saw no major change 
to its competitive position from the 
Braatfaens-KLM deal. But analysts 
said that over the longer term, the 
new alliance would be a competitive 
threat to SAS. 

“This surely opens up the battle 
for Scandinavia,” an Oslo-based 
analyst said. ( Bloomberg. Reuters) 


U.K.’s VAT Intake Soars to Record 


Carr&UdtyO&SatfFroinDvpiarbes 

LONDON — The British gov- 
ernment collected £3.875 billion 
($6.24 billion) more in tax than it 
spent on public services last month, 
as value-added tax receipts chalked 
up a record high, figures released 
Monday showed. 

The Office for National Statistics 
said VAT receipts of £5.032 billion 
was the highest monthly total since 
records began. 

It significantly outstripped tbe 
£3.783 billion collected in the same 


month last year. 

As a result, July’s debt repayment 
was well above the £929 million 
paid in July last year, even though 
the privatization proceeds column 
was blank for tbe first time in 
months. 

Tbe data indicate buoyant eco- 
nomic growth, economists said. 

“The headline is an amazingly 
good figure,” said Andrew Mil- 
ligan, an economist at General Ac- 
cident. 

“It certainly ties in with the very 


strong state of tbe economy.” 

Mark Miller, an economist at 
Morgan Stanley, said that the value- 
added tax numbers suggested July 
retail sales figures, due for release 
Wednesday, could well be “reason- 
ably strong.” 

But the pickup in the economy 
may make the case for stronger in- 
terest rates, analysts warned. 

They said this despite the Bank of 
England's pledge to call a halt to the 
recent succession of interest-rate in- 
creases. (Reuters, AFX ) 




postwar high in the spring of 1995. 

The mark has fallen 15 percent 
against the U.S. dollar this year. 

Hans-Juergen Kropp, a Bundes- 
bank council member, said Monday 
that die recent sharp weakening of 
the mark was worrying but that an 
interest-rate rise now would damage 
the domestic economy. 

Mr. Krupp said that a small in- 
terest-rate rise would proha bly have 
little impact on exchange rates, 
while a burger increase would not be 
justifiable given continued weak- 
ness in the domestic economy. 

“There is pressure on the central 
bank to raise interest rates for cur- 
rency reasons,” Mr. Krupp said. 

“But an interest-rate increase 
would be highly da m a gin g for do- 
mestic economic reasons. ’ ’ 

He said the mark's appreciation 
of 1995 had been reversed and that 
exchange rates now more closely 
matched the currencies’ purchasing 
power. (Reuters. Bloomberg, AP ) 

Strong Markets 
Lift Earnings 
At Baer by 62% 

Bloomberg 

ZURICH — Julius Baer 
Holding AG said Monday that 
first-half profit rose 62 percent 
as soaring financial markets lif- 
ted commission and hading in- 
come at Switzerland's largest 
listed private bank and asset 
manager. 

Profit rose to 107.5 million 
Swiss francs ($71.5 million), 
from 665 million francs in the 
year-earlier period. Tbe bank 
forecast ‘ ‘significant” earnings 
improvement for the full year. 

Baer and competitors such as 
Vontobel Holding AG, Pictet & 
Cie., Lombard Odier and Bank 
Sarasin & Cie. did well in the 
first half by focusing on private 

h anking and asset managfgnen r 

Earnings at all banks got a boost 
from rising share and bond 
prices, which lifted commis- 
sion and trading income. 

“Julius Baer's results are 
very good, thanks to the strong 
financial markets.” said Daniel 
Haeuselmann, analyst at Union 
Bank of Switzerland. “The rise 
in assets under management 
points co further earnings 
growth in the second half.” 



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Source: Telekure 


Immuiimul Herald Tribune 


Very brief lys 

• Telecom Italia SpA. Italy’s national telephone company, 
said it would pay 200 billion tire ($110.4 million) for 20 
percent of Otto SpA, a company that will buy the gov- 
ernment’s controlling stake in tbe yellow-pages publisher 
Seat SpA. 

• Bayerisehe Motoren Werke AG's chairman, Berod Pis- 
chetsrieder, said Rover Group, its British unit, may fail to 
turn a profit by 2000. because the carmaker is being hit hard by 
the strength of the pound, which makes it hairier to export 

• Continental AG, the world’s fourth- largest tire maker, said 
it planned to install 30 new car tire-making machines in plants 
in die United States and Europe over the next two years in a bid 
to improve productivity. 

• Svenska Ceilulosa AB, a Swedish forest-products com- 
pany, said it bought a 48 percent stake in WELPA WeU- 
pappenfabrik GmbH, a Austrian corrugated board and pack- 
aging maker, and has an option to buy more to become a 
majority owner. Tbe financial terms of the deal were not 
disclosed. 

• El Ai Israel Airlines turned a profit in the second quarter 
and is expected to end the year with a narrower loss than 
originally projected, said a spokesman far the state-owned 
carrier, who declined to provide figures. 

• British Petroleum PLC's Steoa Dee oil platform readied 
its destination in waters north of Scotland despite attempts by 
Greenpeace activists to prevent its arrival. 

• Deutsche Telekom AG said it would compensate sub- 
scribers to its on-line and Internet access service T-Online 
with two free hours of service following software troubles, 
which had prevented customers from using the service. 

• Compagnie Generate des Eaux SA’s first-half sales rose 8 
percent to 80.9 billion francs ($13.07 billion). 

• Russia plans to sell 48.68 percent of Tyumen Oil Co., tbe 
country’s sixth -largest oil company, at a cash auction tins 

autumn. Bloomberg, Return. aFX 


WORLD STOCK SLSBKETS .... 


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Monday, Aus- 18 

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Pub Broodcost 796 7*0 7.93 8.16 

RioTWa 21.12 20*1 20.98 2148 

SI George Beni 8*0 518 829 845 

WMC 723 721 728 7*7 

WerfpacBUng 825 8*1 *21 B26 

wtooSdePri n*5 io*2 10*8 n*8 

Htotaartte 4.14 3.96 4.10 4 20 


B To Our Readers 


The Taipei stock market 
was closed Monday due to a 
typhoon. ? 


Tokyo 

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1120 1090 1110 1140- 

705 697 703 TO 

3400 3350 3380 3420 

860 854 856 862 

601 STl 595 60S 

990 971 977 995 

2330 2310 2330 2350 

575 510 Sll 520 

2820 2770 1800 2890 

3700 362D 3700 3770 

2030 2010 2QX 2020 

1950 7930 1 950 1930 

2750 2730 2750 2770 


Stalk Than: m&85 
Previous: 1953*8 

540 5*0 540 

4J4 476 5.10 

II JO 11*0 17*0 
1120 11.60 11J0 

0.90 022 094 

15*0 1570 15*0 
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8*0 9*5 920 

3*2 3.10 3J0 

4*5 625 7*5 

4 4 416 

£85 £20 W0 
158 158 176 

462 4*4 424 

4*2 412 420 

1170 1270 1120 
775 870 8 

630 635 6*S 

630 630 450 
1160 1140 11 

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SI JO 23 22 

150 1S4 164 

2*3 2*1 248 

272 175 

1*9 1*5 ,i*g 
1230 1110 1U0 
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Hitachi ^ 

Honda Mata 

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JAL 

Japan Tobacco 

Juseo 

K4raa 

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Koto See! 
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Morai 

MriwComm 

MaboEJeclnd 

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Mitsubishi Hvy 

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M&ri>UtTr 

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M*wFod«ri 
Mitbui Trari 
MuriaMto 
NEC 

MttsSec . 

Nksn 

NWsHfc 


Hasan Motor 
KWt 

Nomura Sec 
NTT 

NTT Data 

2LW 

(hataiBns 


1400 1430 

613 593 

1390 1340 

793 760 

71008 6840a 
2860 2810 
55008 54J0O 
2510 2470 

4960 4860 

1600 1570 

<850 4720 

1670 1630 

1160 1130 

1240 1220 
3740 3640 
1740 1710 
382 363 

508 500 

sm 6650 
480 <76 

9750a 9500a 
3410 3770 
602 592 

21 » nso 

1770 1710 
473 460 

713 301 

684 680 

M0 942 
179 173 

805 796 

491 476 

MW 8930 
19(0 1910 
584 572 

449 433 

1910 1820 
4730 6600 
2380 2340 
1370 1355 
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576 
1700 1670 

% 58 

1780 1730 
1080 1060 
1470 1450 

717 700 

56» 5590 
1610 1580 
2540 2450 
612 601. 
11000 10700 
730 710 

510 
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775 757 

197 192 

1660 163) 

1180b ur- 

5400b S2 -. 

608 SO 
272 268 


1470 1460 

613 6M 

1370 1400 

792 764 

70Hto 7130a 
2850 2880 
S500a 5520a 
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4950 5090 

1590 1570 

4820 4950 
1670 7700 

1160 1140 

1230 1240 
3740 3760 
1730 1750 
382 383 

508 Sll 
6750 6710 
<79 479 

9750a 95«a 
3370 3420 
601 610 
2180 2170 
1740 1730 
475 466 

313 310 

684 682 

93 960 

179 17B 

803 80S 

484 sn 

9m 91 70 
1940 1900 
577 586 

449 <47 

1910 1820 
4710 4800 
2370 2400 
1370 1370 

1280 1300 

9 9 

1700 1710 

799 799 

705 700 

1780 1780 

1060 1070 
1470 1480 
717 727 

5590 57® 
1610 1630 

2480 2560 

8 2 612 

0 11300 
724 741 

497 503 

318 318 

760 785 

IK 196 
1660 1660 


599 611 

270 272 


Jan. J. 7992- 1 00. Level Change % change ymrtoriMa 

% change 

World Index 171.34 -1.75 -1.01 +14.89 

Regional Indaxw 

Asta/PacrRc 129.41 -0.52 -0.40 +4.04 

Europe 179.73 -1.64 -0.90 +11.50 

N. America 200.37 - 2.16 -1.07 +23.75 

5. America 160.92 -5.00 -3.01 +40.83 

Induutrfri indexes 

Capital goods 221.54 -2.48 -1.11 +29-82 

Consumer goods 185.61 -Z27 -121 +14.98 

Energy 191.71 -0.49 -025 +12-30 

Finance 131.78 -1.04 -0.78 +13.15 

Misc&ftanoous 186.41 -151 -0.70 +1522 

Raw Materials 183.52 -2^5 -1.21 +4.64 

Service 1BD.90 -1.68 -1.03 +17.17 

LMBtios 161.11 -3451 -2.19 +12-30 

The im&TmKxviS HorakS Tritong VtosM Stock Index 6 tracts trie US. datorvabmt* 
200 nemationaty nvmtabfe stories from 25 commas. For mm Information, a hue 
booblBfiBBvaitettoty wrUng to The Tri> Index, 1B1 Avenue Ctiarles do OauM. 

BZ521 NouUy Code*. France. Compiled by Sbam&srg Norm. 


Kgb Lew Clew Prior. 


Ricoh 1820 1800 1810 1060 

Rohm 14300 14200 14200 14800 

SakaraBk 775 740 740 766 

SanAyo 3960 3870 3960 3990 

San wa flank 1600 1580 IS90 1610 

SarroDoc 451 437 451 450 

S+cora B730 8670 67X SB» 

SribaRwy 5510 5440 5S00 5310 

Srictsriown 1060 1020 1050 1030 

1160 1140 1160 1170 

0930 BS50 8910 8910 

1330 1300 1320 1330 

SWtnku H Per 1900 1880 1890 1920 

593 581 597 584 

3340 3240 3300 3380 

3040 2120 3090 

1190 1210 1210 

.... _ 5730 5640 5700 5790 

Sony 71600 114Q0 11500 11900 

992 966 989 976 

1870 1900 1910 

441 454 4S4 

1950 1930 1950 1940 

285 279 279 284 

1240 1210 1230 1240 

3200 3100 3190 3200 

360 3533 3600 3550 

TDK ' 10200 9800 10100 1 0400 

1950 1930 1940 1940 

1030 1020 1030 1030 

1500 1460 1480 ISM 

2260 2243 22S0 2270 

7780 7600 7650 7980 

286 283 285 286 


High Lew dose Prev. 


SektsutChefli ruw 

Sektsui House 1160 

Se»eo-Swen 0930 

Shorn 1330 

SMtedai H Per 1900 

Shimizu 593 

StavriseCh 
Shbekto 
Shizuoka Bk 
Softbank 
Sony 11600 

Smui—uw 
SuoUtoffloBk 
SuattfCherB 
SunriomoEtec 1950 

Suuill MeM 285 

SwnH Trail 1240 

ToishoPtXmB 3200 

Takedadiere 36« 

TDK ^ 10200 

TahokuElPer 1950 

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' okyo EtecVor 7780 

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Toyota Motor 3390 

Ytamoudil 30S0 

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Poco Peta 
Potash Sosk 
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RogmCraiMB 
SaogromCo 
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Tririrtobe 
Tdus 
Ttamon 
TarOwn 
Tranrita. 
TiamCriaPIpe 
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TrfrecHahn 
TVXGoM 
W**taxu4 Etiy 


623 626 

1120 1130 
1840 I860 

781 775 

728 730 

2450 2400 

992 990 

3330 
2990 


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BoeMer-Udririi 900 
OaltaKtPM 562*0 
EA-Cenan* 3008*0 
EVN 1572 

RuahrienWfam 510 
QW 1690 

OestBekWz 873 
VA Stahl 5 64*5 
VATecb 2339 

WtenobagBn 2569 


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12JO 13*0 
102Vi 103*0 
35 3SV- 
341k 34.70 
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48*0 48*5 
T1J5 21.70 
J3.95 4325 
431k 43*0 
26H 27 

*Vj 49.70 
26J0 2616 

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17*5 17.15 
26*5 2A5S 
63*0 65*0 
31*0 22 

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30013004*0 3150 

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16401654*01736.90 
865*5 867 JO 875 

526 563 55650 

22212324JO 3390 

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29*0 27W 
11*0 11V 
33*0 32V 
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3920 39.70 
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540 549 549 

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150 129.75 12850 
980 1010 1030 


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177 

181 

186 

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597 

537 

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6805 

6400 

6800 

6775 

4560 

4230 

4560 

4550 

1238 

1169 

1231 

1210 

588 

580 

588 

592 

1835 

1801 

1821 

1820 

2157 

2074 

2135 

2177 

166 151*0 

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1900 

1810 

1900 

1090 

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330 320 329 W 

13490 12800 13315 13325 
391 369 388*0 399J0 

1900 1715 1880 1825 
3051 2985 3015 2995 
690 860 S8S 896 

1165 1140 1155 1193 
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1880 1800 I860 19M 

1484 1463 1473 1517 
1348 1301 1322 13W 
579 555 579 564 


pity 

■s 

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PAGE 15 


Seeing Slow Growth, 
S&P Lowers Ratings 
On Malaysia’s Credit 




Bloomberg News 

_ LUMPUR _ Sumdairi 

& Poor s Corp. cot Malaysia’ scred- 
if-raang outlook oo Monday and 
warned dial stower-than-expected 

economic growth could harm die 
country’s banking system, 

, “With the authorities under ores' 

rare to cuib rapid credit growth, and 
the economy likely to slow fintberas 
^ aresult, asset quality problems likely 
^wfll surface in the banking system,’* 
the U.S. credit agency said. 

In another development. Prime 
Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad 
said Malaysia had to grow fast to 
catch up with developed nations. 

“We have to move fast and ran 
faster. If we were to ran slower, we 
will never catch up and the gap 
would be even greater and forever 
we will be left behind," the prime 
minister said on a visit to eastern 
Sarawak state. 

“It is not overheating. It is well- 
planned development.’ ’ Mr. Ma- 
hathir said. 

Standard & Poor’s shaved Malay- 
sia’s long-term foreign and local 
currency credit outlook to stable 
&om positive. It also affirmed 
Malaysia’s A-plus long-tram for- 
£ eign currency rating, and its AA- 
" plus local currency ratings. 

The outlook for state-owned oil 


company Petroliam Nasional Bhd. 
or Petronas, and Telekom Malaysia’ 
Bhd., fee state-controlled telecom- 
munications operator, were also cut 
from positive to stable. 

The change in rating meant thay 
raising money from overseas would 
-become more costly, said Lai Tak 
Heong, head of research at SocGeo- 
Crosby Research Sdn. “This will 
add more pressure for the govern- 
ment to scale back on big infra- 
structure projects," he said. 

Malaysia’s growth is expected to 
slow to 7 percent this year and 6 
percent in 1998 from 8-2 percent in 
1996 and 9_5 percent in 1995, S&P 
said. That forecast was below die 
central bank’s official forecast of 
growth this year of between 7.8 per- 
cent and 8.2 percent. Only three 
days ago, Mr. Mahathir said that he 
expected gross domestic product to 
reach 8 percent this year. 

The decline, even though “mod- 
erate’ ’ could have ‘ ‘discomforting’ * 
implications on die financial fo. 
(tushy's asset quality, the credit-rat- 
ing company said. 

“That, in torn, could rebound 
against the public sector, thanks to its 

<-•- Qf a QQjnbQ- 0 f big i n . 





$ 


j..X 


Auto Products 
Steer Pioneer 
Profit Up 28% 

Reiners 

TOKYO — Pioneer Electron- 
ic Corp., aided by rising sales of 
automotive navigation systems, 
said Monday its first-quarter 
profit rose 28 percent over the 
corresponding period last year. 

Fra the three months to June 
30, Pioneer said that it earned 
1.03 billion yen ($8.75 mil- 
lion), up from 804 milli on yen a 
year earlier, although sales 
inched op to 129.81 billion yen 
from 128.98 billion. 

The company had been suf- 
fering from slow sales of laser- 
disk players, which are waning 
in popularity as the new DVD 
fazmat grows. 

"‘Profitability in the car elec- 
tronics division improved, 
helping to raise operating 
profits as a whole," said a Pi- 
oneer spokesman. “We expect 
higher sales of DVD players to 
help make up fra shrinking 
sales of LDs this year," he said 
referring to laser disks. 

The company said it expected 
to meet its net profit forecast fra 
die year of 8 to 9 billion yen. 

Analysts said Pioneer stood 
to benefit more than other Jap- 
anese electronics makers from 
sales of DVD players, whose 
popularity is still, limited .be- 
cause of a scarcity of video titles 

and other prerecorded content 
available in the DVD format. 

“Pioneer, which focuses on 
DVD-LD compatible players, 
is well positioned in the sales 
race because consumers can 
a lso play conventional laser 
disks on Pioneer’s mach i n es,’* 
said Yoshihaiu Izumi, an ana- 
lyst at UBS Securities. 


' a uuujom ui mg 114- ttcacn 

projects, its equity stakes COOL COMPETI T ION — An elderly woman selling popsicles 
in so me bank s, and overall govern- on Nanjing Road in S hanghai. Demand for popsicles has declined 
meat support of the system." in China as the variety of ice cream available has multiplied. 

China Hints at Shareholding System 


Agence France-Preue 

BEIJING — C hina has signaled 
its willingness to relinquish one of 
the last bastions of socialism — 
state ownership of industry — and 
transform tens of thousands of 
state enterprises into shareholding 
firms. 

“Miost of the large and medium- 
sized state-owned enterprises in 
China, which at present are solely 
state-owned, should be transformed 
into shareholding companies in the 
future,” the official Xinhua news 
-agency said Monday, citing senior 
economists and officials. 

“A shareholding system is an es- 
sential and feasible means of re- 
forming the state-owned economy 
and will lead to a breakthrough in 
the decade-long reform of China’s 
economic system,” Xinhua said. 

China’s lumbering state sector 
employs more than 100 million 
people, but around 35 percent of 
stale-owned enterprises have debt 
greater than their assets. 

Xinhua also announced Monday 
that the value of China’s state- 
owned assets had reached 6.6 tril- 


lion yuan ($793 billion) by the end 
of last year, an increase of 15.4 
percent from the previous year’s of- 
ficial figure. 

Large and medium-sized state en- 
terprises had a combined asset value 
of more than 8.9 billion yuan, or 75 
percent of die total, Xinhua said. 
S mall firms, which make up 80 per- 
cent of the stale sector, contributed 
the remaining 25 percent 

The question of how best to re- 
form the state sector has drawn 
battle lines between liberal market 
reformers and conservative hard- 
liners in the party leadership. 

Hard-liners argue that state assets 
must remain in government hands to 
retain industrial control and prevent 
mass layoffs that might spark un- 
resL 

The straggle has intensified in the 
run-up ro the crucial 15th Party Con- 
gress, which will draw up a blue- 
print for economic policy over the 
next five years. 

Xinhua’s commentary on Mon- 
day pointed to recent statistics re- 
leased by the State Commission for 
Restructuring the Economy that in- 


dicated the benefits of the share- 
holder system. 

The 100 state companies select- 
ed to experiment with sharehold- 
ing in 1994 have seen their total 
assets grow 27 percent to more 
than 360 billion yuan by the end of 
last year. 

“At the root of the poor per- 
formance of state ventures is die 
‘state-ownership* of their assets — 
an abstractly denned practice which 
doesn ’t fall in step with the socialist 
market economy, Xinhua quoted a 
noted economist, Wei lie, as say- 
ing. 

"Therefore, transforming these 
businesses into shareholding 
companies will prove to be the 
wisest way to lead them out of fi- 
nancial dilemma," Mr. Wei said. 

His comments were echoed by 
the vice chairman of the Chinese 
Economy Restructuring Research 
Society, Yang Qixian, who said a 
shareholding system would force 
enterprises to become more mar- 
ket-oriented, “rather than re- 
sponsive only to government de- 
partments." 


Auto Sales 
Help Japan’s 
Surplus Rise 
70% in July 


OjejikdbyOarSk^FrDmDtsixxhet 

TOKYO — Japan’s trade surplus 
rose 70 percent in July from a year 
ago, the Finance Ministry said Mon- 
day. but analysts said the rise was 
lower than many had predicted be- 
cause imports unexpectedly rose. 

Japan posted a trade surplus of 
849.08 billion ($7 .22 billion) fra the 
month. It was the fourth monthly 
rise in Japan’s surplus in merchan- 
dise trade, following a 27.7 percent 
increase in June and a 222.2 percent 
jump in May, the Finance Ministry 
said. 

The surplus with the United 
States, Japan's biggest trading part- 
ner, expanded 35.7 percent, to 
420.55 billion yen — the 10th con- 
secutive monthly rise. But analysts 
said turmoil in Asian currencies and 
prospects of few rewards to reap 
from a trade war mean the United 
Stales would probably stay calm, at 
least for now, despite Japan’s grow- 
ing trade surplus. 

Imports rose 3.4 percent last 
month as Japan bought more air- 
planes and pork. 

Exports from Japan grew 12.1 
percent in July. Automakers, such as 
Honda Motor Corp. and Toyota Mo- 
tor Co., have dramatically increased 
the number of cars they ship over- 
seas in recent months. 

U.S. officials said they were con- 
cerned that Japan's surplus could 
keep rising into next year, partic- 
ularly if car exports to the United 
States continue to increase while car 
imports continue to slow on weak 
demand in Japan. 

Japanese officials say, however, 
that the pace of increase in the sur- 
plus wifi slow and that structural 
reforms in the economy will work to 
bring it down. 

Deputy U.S. Trade Representa- 
tive Jeffrey Lang reiterated Wash- 
ington’s concern about the rising 
trend after die data were released, but 
he added that he had not discussed 
the trade surplus in talk* with a Fi- 
nance Ministry official on Monday. 

U.S. trade officials, led by Tirade 
Representative Charlene Barshef- 
sky, have been sounding the alarm 
about Japan's yawning trade gap 
and accusing Tokyo of failing to 
honor a 1995 pact on greater access 
to its automotive market. 

Economists say that for now, key 
Washington policymakers think 
they have little to gain from a high- 
profile attack on Japanese economic 
policies at a time when Tokyo has 
taken the lead in forging a bailout 
package aimed at easing a financial 
crisis in Thailand and countering 
regional currency turmoiL 

(AP. Reuters) 


Restructuring Plan Helps Buoy Fujita’s Share Price 

CaupOed by Our Suff Firm DtspaXba 

' TOKYO — Fujita Crap, shares rose 18 per- 
cent Monday after Japanese media reported that 
more than 10 banks had approved the con- 
struction company's restructuring plan. 

A spo kesman for Fujita said it would cut its 
work force by 560 workers, to 4,900 employees 
through natural attrition, and would halt new 
recruitment and an early retirement program. 

The company said it would also try to improve 
the profit margin of its construction projects to 
10.1 percent by the year 2000, from 8.9 percent 
currently. 

The general contractor would cut its wont 


force by 10 percent and reduce interest-bearing 
debt by 157.4 billion yen ($13 billion) to 480 
billion yen by selling real estate and securities, 
the Yominri newspaper reported. 

Saknra Bank lid., Tokai Bank Lid. and In- 
dustrial Bank of Japan Ltd. were among the 
banks that approved the bailout plan, the ^ini- 
chi newspaper said. 

Fajita stock rose 16 yen to 106 from Friday 
close. (Bloomberg. Reuters) 

■ Japan’s Land Prices Continue to Drop 

Japanese land prices dropped almost 8 percent 
on average in 1996, falling for the fifth con- 


secutive year, Reuters reported, citing a gov- 
ernment report. 

The National Tax Administration said the price 
of one square meter (10.76 square feet) of land in 
urban areas averaged 1 76.0 00 yen nationwide in 
1996, down from 192,000 yen a year earlier. 

But even with the latest drop, land in Ginza. 
Japan’s most expensive commercial district in 
central Tokyo, cost 11.36 million yen per square 
meter, down 5.3 percent from a year earlier. 

• bathe five years prior to 1991, Tokyo property 
prices soared 170 percent, fooling a “bubble" 
economy of inflated asset prices. Property prices 
peaked out and started falling in 1992. 


BANKS: Details Mire Planned Bavarian Merger ATTACK: New Victims of Asia's Currency Crisis 


, - / ■ 


Continued from Page 11 

Allianz’s current share price divided by six— 
as opposed to around 78 DM fra every Hy- 
pobank share swapped for Vereimbank 

shares in the second phase at a ratio of 45 to 

% 55 Hypobank shares, which rose to 73.45 DM 
. from 66.70 on July 23. the day the deal was 
announced, closed at 68.45 DM on Monday, 
down 17 pfennig. Bayensche Veremstej^ 
gtwir meanwhile, has settled back to 94 DM 
after rising to 99.75 DM the day the deal was 
announced. Allianz stock, meanwhile, closed 
Monday at 418 DM, np 50 pfennig. 

“The trouble is, the mateLseems to as- 
sume greater synergy benefits than has been 
allowed for by the Hypobank/ Allianz swap, 

rated foM this presented mvestarswitb 

something of a dBemma. 

onto their shares, nobody gets foe benefits. 
Bat on the bare figures, it looks more at- 
tractive to hang on,’ ’ he said. • 

Part of theSgher price for hanging on is a 

risk premium, Mr. Brown said, ® 

fa,teS«S>in<y of wtatrano 

atesasfissass 

^4at Hypobank would say is convert to 
Allianz and^boybajA 

you would lose around 10DM^ per share, Mr. 

l Addedmfoe financial 
ing ^Tin foe swap, there are oto grounds 

.bks?sks sras 

**££££’<* the most 
"stocks in foe DAX, with a share of 9.7 per 
cent 



for just one share. 

“An insurance company which needs to 
rive a 3 percent annual yield to institutional 
cheats will get far less dividend on one Al- 
lianz share than six Hypobank shares,” foe 
unnamed analyst said. 

A study by Goldman, Sachs & Co., one of 
the advisers on foe deal, suggested that the 45- 
to-55 ratio is an overvaluation of Hypobank s 
fair value and is trying “to spook people who 
want to hang onto their shares into selling into 

foe maricet,” he said. . . 

In foe event of foe deal collapsing, it is 
unlikely Hypobank ’s share price wifi stay 

tooxdd^go down fra a while but would 
trick tip very quickly,” said the analyst m 
London, ‘fff Vereinstenk is forced to wafic 
awav it’s clear from Hypo’s lack of capnal 
generation someone else wffl cow along and 
buv Hydo, like Dresdner* Bank AG. 

^‘ffitdid collapse, it would really throw foe 

cat among foe pigeons,’ Mr. Brown said. 

■ Another Bank Merger Is on Track 
Rankueseilschaft Berlin AG said Monday 

d3Ss.«3E 

£rt SlSf?j s no need to cast doobt on the 
a BankgeseUschaft spotes- 

S 6 v^^lSSfand Norddeutsche Landes- 
banks, said in May 

s3£S3=s?“‘ 

different federal disappointed at a 

Bank ^ eSe ?StrevSled weaknesses in Nord- 
ESgtfSSS* booking bosm^. 


Continued from Page 11 

enough not to blame “spec- 
ulators” — who are in fact 
mostly locals taking precau- 
tions. The events are being 
taken in Jakarta as a warning 
that even a current-account 
deficit of 4 percent of do- 
mestic product may now be 
too large fra a country of In- 
donesia’s size to be easily fin- 
anced and that stable, long- 
term sources of capital are 
vital. Countries without for- 
eign-exchange controls must 
keep short-term debt to a min- 
imum if they want stable ex- 
change rates. 

The other lesson is that un- 
less invested wisely — not in 
luxury offices and poorly run 
heavy industries — foreign 
ca pital ends up more of a bur- 
den than a help. 

But that is a lesson that 
Hong Kong, too, may have to 
learn. Hong Kong’s 14-year- 
old peg to foe dollar is in no 
immedia te danger. With its 
current account roughly in 
balance, it has $70 billion in 
exchange reserves and back- 
ing from China with more 
than another $300 billion. 

But asset inflation and 
sharp growth in loans on 
property are even more ap- 
parent here than anywhere 
else in the region. Residential 
property values have risen 
tenfold in 12 years and 30 
percent over the past 12 
months. Profits to developers 
and government now account 
for an astonishing 12 percent 
of GDP. 

The latest price spike has 
been made possible by a surge 
in money supply caused by 
capital inflows into the stock 


market This is mainly port- 
folio money from the United 
States and Europe, although 
foe past few mouths have also 
seen significant amounts of 
mainlan d money. The Hang 
Seng index has been following 
foe Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage fra foe past 18 months. 

Western portfolio man- 
agers now have at least $50 
billion invested in this real 
estate and banking-driven 
market, which is also awash 
with highly geared derivat- 
ives. Many funds investing in 
Asia have more invested here 
than in all foe rest of Asia ex- 
Japan combined. 

But foreign money that 
drives up asset prices rather 
than creating new productive 
assets has a habit of causing 
disasters. It has happened be- 
fore in Hong Kong. Now, 
large net capital outflows 
would drain liquidity, put in- 
terest rales under pressure and 
ultimately threaten the stabil- 


ity of a banking system that 
has more than 40 percent of 
its loans in property. 

It is not clear whether in- 
ternational operators are be- 
ginning to sense this under- 
lying flaw in Hong Kong or are 
simply assuming that all dollar 
pegs are doomed and it is 
Hong Kong’s tom togethiL 

In die short run, speculat- 
ive attacks on die Hong Kong 
dollar are doomed to failure. 
But if portfolio managers start 
to appreciate how overweight 
they are in Hong Kong asset s, 
foe stock market would be in 
trouble. If they simply want to 
take out insurance against an 
eventual end to the dollar peg, 
foe risk premium on the Hong 
Kong dollar would mean 
higher interest rates, and this 
would threaten property val- 
ues. Hong Kong markets 
could be in for a rough ride 
and a fall in doliar-based asset 
values as steep as that seen in 
Indonesia. 



ART 


A Flaming Case of Kitsch 
Rembrandt’s Altered States 
The Great Auction War 
Sleuths Among the Stalls 

Souren MeukiajT If you missed It In the fHT, look for it 
Arts Editor on our site on the World Wide Web: 


http://www.iht.com 


Fob investment information 

Read TIM MOVffY REPORT every Saturday in the IHT. 



Source : Tetekuis 


Iiuent&iiuni) Hcnld Tribune 


Very briefly: 


• Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. will lead a consortium 
of companies that wifi submit a proposal to foe European 
Computer Manufacturers’ Association to adopt DVD-RAM 
as a standard for the next generation of personal -computer 
storage devices and home video players. 

• Toyota Motor Corp. will invest at least 1 billion Australian 
dollars ($741.3 million) in Australia over foe next eight years 
and start building luxury cars there in a bid to become the 
country’s largest automaker. The move follows a decision by 
foe Australian government to maintain tariffs on imported cars 
at 15 percent from 2000 to 2004. 

• QNI LtcL, Australia’s second-largest nickel producer, said 
second-half net profit fell 44 percent, to J 8.8 milli on dollars, 
due to poor weather conditions and weak metal prices. Profit 
for foe year dropped 62.3 percent, to 32. 1 million dollars. 

• Hanjoo Corp., a South Korean apparel exporter, declared 
itself insolvent after failing to honor 1.15 billion won ($13 
million) of promissory notes. 

• Turkmenistan will offer about 25 percent of foe total oil 
and gas deposits under its sector of foe Caspian Sea shelf at an 
international tender, the Interfax News Agency. 

• Arco Coal Australia Inc, aunitof Atlantic Richfield Co., 
said it was seeking buyers for its Blair Athol, Gordonstone and 
Clermont coal mines in central Que ensland 

• Transmile Group Bhd. agreed to sell a 35 percent stake in 
Transmfle Air Services Sdn., its air-cargo transport business, 
to Konsortium Perkapalau BhdL, a company controlled by 
the son of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia, for 
78.75 million ringgit ($28.3 million) in cash. 

• News Corp. is expected to report that two movie flops, 

“Speed II" and “Volcano,” prevented foe global media 
group from achieving Rupert Murdoch's 20 percent profit 
growth forecast for foe 1996/97 year. Analysts said they 
expected profit to have grown by only about 12 percent in the 
year ended June 30. Bloomberg . Reuters. AFP. Bridge News 


Japan Committee Proposes 
Privatization of Postal Units 

Bridge News 

TOKYO — The head of a subcommittee of the gov- 
ernment’s Administrative Reform Council presented a 
proposal Monday to privatize the postal ministry’s mail 
delivery, savings and insurance services, panel members 
said, according to Kyodo news agency. 

Tokiyasu Fujita, a professor of Tohofcu University who 
heads foe council’s subcommittee on organizational is- 
sues, also recommended that the Finance Ministry's 
printing and mint bureaus should also be privatized. 

The three services run by the Posts and Telecom- 
munications Ministry should first be shifted to an “in- 
dependent administrative corporation ’ ’ in an agency to be 
set up outside the ministry before being privatized, ac- 
cording to foe proposal. It was also recommended that 
employees at such corporations not continue as em- 
ployees of foe central government 

Some council members were opposed to Mr. Fujita’s 
recommendations. Jinnosuke Ashida, who is also chief of 
a trade-union federation, said the three postal services 
should continue to be run by the government 


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INTRMARKET MULTICURRENCY FUND 

«CAV 

Registered Office: % Boulevard Royal, 
L-2953 Luxemb ou rg 

H.C LUXEMBOURG B-404S7 
Shareholders are hereby convened to the 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

of shareholders of our company which will take place at the 
offices of Basque International e 4 Luxembourg, 69, route 
tTEsch, L-1470 Luxembourg, an August 29, 1997 at 1546 
for the purpose of considering and voting upon the 


Reports of I 
Directors and of the Auditor; 

2. Approval of the Statement of Net Assets and of 
the Statement of Operations for the year ended as 
el March $1, 1997; Allocation of the net results; 

3. Discharge to the Directors; 

4v Statutory Appointments; 

5. Miscellaneous. 

Shareholders are advised that no quorum is required for 
the items of the agenda of the Annual General Meeting and 
that decisions will be taken at the majority of the votes 
expressed by the shareholders present or represented at 
the meeting. 

In order to attend the meeting the owners of bearer shares 
have to deposit their shares five clear days before the 
meeting at the offices of Banque Internationale a 
Luxembourg, 69, route d*Eseh, L-1470 Luxembourg; 

THE BOARD OF MREQFOBS 












































































































































































































World Roundup 


Bjorkman Wins 

tennis Jonas Bjorkman beat 
Carlos Moya, 6-3, 7-6 (7-3), in the 
rain-interrupted final of the RCA 
Championship in Indianapolis on 
Sunday. 

“He is top 10. To be part of that 
top 10, you definitely are a good 
player.” Bjorkman said of Moya, 
who began tournament ranked No. 
9 in the world. “It’s a very good 
effort for myself.” 

The vicfojy, which was worth 
Si 50,000. will put Bjorkman in the 
top 20 of the ATP Tour standings 
for the first time. 

The start of the final was delayed 
about 90 minutes by rain. Then for 
another 30 minutes in the second set 
by a shower that began just after 
Moya, a Spaniard, went up 2-1. 

“I was starting to play better and 
better.” Moya said. “Just when I 
broke him, it started to rain. 1 think it 
mavbe was the key of the match.” 

Bjorkman became the first player 
to reach both the singles and 
doubles at the event since it was 
convened from clay to hardcourts in 
1 988. He and a fellow Swede, Nick- 
las Kuiti. lost to Mikael Tills trom of 
Sweden and Australia's Michael 
Tebbun. 6-3, 6-2, in the final, f AP ) 



at 


Spain's Carlos Moya returning 
to Jonas Bjorkman of Sweden. 

Cantona Seeks Cash 

soccer Eric Cantona still wants 
money from Manchester United 
even though he left the club last 
season and quit soccer for good. 

According to press reports, the 
Frenchman, who is working as in 
films and commercials, is demand- 
ing as much as SI. 2 million which 
he says is owed to him through 
merchandising. 

“It’s true Eric wants some 
money from us. 1 would rather not 
say how much it is," Martin Ed- 
wards, the club’s chief executive, 
told a British tabloid. ‘ ‘When he left 
us he was concerned about us con- 
tinuing to market bis name." (AP) 

• Peter Beardsley, 36, a former 
England striker. Finally left New- 
castle for Bolton, another English 
Premier League club, Monday in a 
£450,000 ($725,000) deal. The 
move comes less than a week after 
the Newcastle manager, Kenny 
Dalglish, who also managed Beard- 
sley at Liverpool, signed two other 
members of his Liverpool cham- 
pionship teams, John Barnes and 
Ian Rush. (Reuters) 

Dallas Cuts Bad Boy 

football Roger Harper, a Dal- 
las safety, was released for an un- 
disclosed violation of owner Jerry 
Jones' new behavior policy, ac- 
cording to reports. 

The Dallas Morning News report- 
ed Monday that Harper was in- 
cluded in players cut by the team at 
the weekend because of violations of 
rules Jones introduced in an attempt 
to clean up the team's image. (AP) 


£1 - 




Tour Veteran 
Shines Under 
A Rainbow 

By Thomas Bonk 

Los Angeles Times 

MAMARONECK, New York — 
Davis Love 3d waved a soggy visor and 
raised it to the sky Sunday afternoon. A 
few moments before, a rainbow bad 
appeared. 

Now, as far as symbolism goes, you 
just can't beat a rainbow elbowing its. 
way out of the clouds just before you 
drill an eight-foot birdie pun on the last 
hole to win the 79th PGA Champi- 
onship. 

But it was a rainbow ending for Love, 
a 33-year-old veteran who spent four 
days at Winged Foot and finally stepped 
into the ring of major championship 
winners. 

“I didn’t want to look,” Love said. 
“But there's something to it” 

It had been a long and dry road for 
Love, covering 39 majors and 1 1 years, 
but ended under a rainbow on one of the 
most famous golf courses in the world. 

Love began the day tied with Justin 
Leonard, the British Open champion, 
but opened up a five-shot lead at the 
turn, then outlasted a sudden rainstorm 
to hold the lead and score a five-shot 
victory with a closing round of 66. 

His 66-71-6666 total of Il-under 
269 was a competitive record for the 
punishing 6,987-yard Winged Foot lay- 
out that was beaten into submission 
after rain the last two days softened its 
defenses. 

Leonard bogeyed two of the first four 
holes and was never closer than three 
shots the rest of the way. 

“I would love to be in a different 
position, but at the same time I was glad 
that I was with him and there to watch,” 
said Leonard, who closed with a 7 1 and 
finished at 6- under 274. 

Only two others — Jeff Maggert and 
Lee Janzen — bettered par at Winged 
Foot, which despite its ominous repu- 
tation allowed course-record 65s to Le- 
onard on Saturday and Maggert on Sun- 
day. 


Maggert' s 65, which featured a 4- 
under 31 on the back, was good enough 
for third place at four-under 276 and 
also secured him a place on the Ryder 
Cup team. 

Janzen, the 36-hole leader, finished 
with a 69 that was good for fourth place 
at one-under 279. Ryder Cup captain 
Tom Kite was fifth at even-par 280. 

The two most important holes for 
Love were the par-5 12th and the par-3 
13th. Love had a five-shot lead through 
1 L, but there was a two-shot swing at 
No. 12. 

Love pulled his drive into the deep 
rongh and chipped out, but his sand 
wedge carried only about 40 yards. He 


still had 160 yards to the hole. Love hit a 
seven-iron but came up short of the 
green. 

From 40 feet, he chipped on to about 
seven feet, but missed his par purL 

Meanwhile, Leonard birdied and the 
lead was three. At No. 13. Leonard hit a 
three-iron just behind the hole, but 
Love's 4-iron missed the green long in 
the maned rough. From there. Love 
nearly chipped in. the hall hitting the 
tlagstick. 

Instead of another two-shot swing or 
even worse. Love managed to keep his 
three-shot lead. 

"That really saved the champion- 
ship.” Love said. 


The rain was falling hard when Le- 
onard lost another shot to Love with a 
bogey at No. 16. Leonard drove into the 
rough and couldn't recover. 

All that was left was for Love to keep 
his composure long enough to play the 
last three holes, it wasn’t at all a simple 
assignment, he said. 

“I was choking up a lot of times,” 
Love said. “Every time I thought about 
winning. I was very, very confident 
about my golf game, bui my emotions 
were gening to me on the back nine.” 

Love's victory was worth $470,000. 
clinched his position on the Ryder Cup 
team and moved him past SI million in 
earnings this year. 


Following a Dream and Enjoying It Along the Why 


By Dave Anderson 

AVh 1 York Times Service 

MAMARONECK, New 
York — With a 12-foot birdie 
putt on Winged Foot’s eighth 
green, Davis Love 3d had 
jumped five strokes ahead of 
Justin Leonard, the eventual dif- 
ference in their duel for the Pro- 
fessional Golfers Association 
Championship. And now he 
was walking between the green 
gallery ropes to the ninth tee. 

"Enjoy the journey, Davis,” 
a voice yelled as he passed. 

His journey to this PGA 
Championship began when he 
was 10 years old and his father 
took him to the 1974 PGA 
Championship. 

His father would shoot 82-74 
and miss the cut, but young 
Davis was dazzled by the tour- 
nament scene: the galleries, the 
practice range, the pros in the 
locker room. 

“All the stars were there and 
my father knew them and they 
knew him,” he would write in 
his recent autobiography. 
‘ 'Every Shot I Take’ ' (Simon & 
Schuster). “I thought to my- 
self, ‘Man, this is the life.' After 
that, I started playing more.' 1 

Back in 1974 he was shoot- 



Ulk- hpi'llmn" 

Davis Love 3d, right, h ug ging bis caddie and brother Mark. 


ing in the 90s, but at 1 1 he was 
shooting in the 80s and at 12 be 
was breaking 80. At 13 he told 
his father his ambition was to 
play on the PGA Tour even- 
tually and his father asked, 
“How hard are you willing to 
practice?” Hard enough, ap- 
parently. 


When he joined the PGA 
Tour, his father told him, “Do 
what Tom Kite does,” mean- 
ing work hard with class. And 
when Love walked into the in- 
terview tent Sunday night. 
Kite, now the Ryder Cup cap- 
tain who will have Love on his 
team for the Sept. 26-28 


matches against the Eurof 
pros in Spain, turned to a PGA 
official who was holding the 
big silver Wanamaker Trophy. 

"Put that up there next io 
him.” Kite said, motioning to- 
ward the table on the platform 
where Love would be sitting. 
“Let him snuggle up to it.” 

Kite knew what the trophy 
meant to the soa of a PGA 
member. Love's father had al- 
ways told him. “Follow your 
dreams and enjoy your trip.” 
He tried, but he was’ so good so 
young he soon had golf* s mon- 
key on his back as “the best 
player who hasn't won a ma- 
jor.'” 

The monkey got heavier 
when Love shot 66 but finished 
one stroke behind Beo Cren- 
shaw in the 1995 Masters and 
when he finished one stroke out 
of an lS-hole playoff with 
Steve Jones for the 1996 U.S. 
Open because he three-putted 
from 20 feet on the final 
green. 

”My body was not free 
enough to make the stroke I 
needed to make.” he wrote of 
missing that dow nhill 3-footer 
at Oakland Hills. 

“I think I’ll know that next 
time. I really do." 


The next time was after Sat- 
urday’s rain delay when he 
one-puned the last four greens 
to stay tied with Justin Leonard 
at 7 under after 54 holes and 
again Sunday at the 13th hole 
after he pulled a 4-iron into the 
thick rough alongside the 
green. 

“Thar pitch shot. J was cry- 
ing to hole it and I almost did, 
he said. “If I had ran that 10 
feet by and he had holed, it 
could've been all over.” 

Instead, Love tapped in for 
his par and Leonard missed his 
15-footer for a birdie. Minutes 
later, Love was on the 15th hole 
when the rain suddenly re- 
sembled a car wash, but he re- 
mained “patiently aggres- 
sive.” another of his father’s 
tenets, while his brother, Mark, 
who has been his caddie for the 
last few years, talked him 
through the final holes. 

At die 18th. Davis Love 3d’s 
birdie putt found the middle of 
the cup, then he bugged his 
brother, his wife and his mother. 
But if his father were alive, what 
might his father have told him? 

“That this was my time.” the 
new PGA champion said, “that 
I was overdue and that there’s 
greater things to come.” 


Wild Cards 
For Couples « 
And Janzen 

By Leonard Shapiro 

Inurmarional Hemld Tribune ■ ■» — 


MAMARONACK, New York — ^ 
Though at least 6 of the 10 players who 
mad* the U.S. Ryder Cup team on 
points urged him this week to mak e?" v* 
himself a wild-card choice, Tom 
the American rap* 8 * 0 , instead used bisk-j 
two picks Monday to add Fred Couples?^ 
and Lee Janzen for the march against 
12-man European team Sept. 26-28 a&2 
Valderrama in Spain. 

“The ironic thing is 1 had a couple 
people talk to me and say if I was not 
captain. I’d probably be one of the pickjej 
based on my play,” said Kite, a seven^i 
time Ryder Cup player. “I guess in 
sincerity^ I didn't get enough of th^* 
captain’s attention.” 

Tbes 


nor unexpeoeo, even mougu we y uuqf 
ished 15th and 17th on the final pointg* 
list, respectively. Couples, the I992j^j 
Masters champion, has been a stalwarrv, 
on the last four Ryder Cups squads and .i 
teamed with Davis Love 3d, the PGA^ j 
champion, to win four straight world* 
match play titles between 1991-95. 

"There’s so many guys Tom could 
have picked, ” Couples said. ‘ ‘I just feel 
honored to have him think hard aboufc,~ 
me. I’ve had some ups and downs, bu£> 


lot of fun." 

Janzen, the 1993 U.S. Open cham-? - 
pion. played on the 1 993 Ryder team butr 
was left off in 1995 when then captain 
Lanny Wadkins chose Couples and 
Curtis Strange. The Strange pick be- 
came a source of major controversy, 
especially after he finished 0-3, includ- „ 
ing the loss of his singles match against • 
Nick Faldo af the 1 8tb on the final day V 
after dropping the last two holes. The....*-" 
U.S. team lost the Cup, 14 Vi points tQ„- 
1316. 

“It might be too early to say if this Ls,~ 
vindication,” Janzen said. “But in '95 
* probably had more of a case to be on die 
team than I did for this team. But for,.* 
some reason. I expected a better chance 
to be picked this time, strange as it imy' _ 
sound.” . - . 

Kite said Janzen clearly helped. his— 
cause with a strong showing this week at. 
the PGA Paired with Kite on the fina^- 
day, he shot 69 and made a birdie at the ^ 
18th to take sole possession of fourth" 
place with a one-under total of 279-.« 
Couples, after getting to two-under over ^ 
the first 36 holes, faded to 29th on the,*_ 
weekend with rounds of 73 and 75. ; “ 

His most painful decisions likely in-.,, 
volved 1993 captain Tom Watson, whq * 
hurt his chances badly by missing the 
cut in the PGA and at the International. . 
two weeks ago, and Cory Pavin, a fe^* 
rocious player in the last three Cups whq> 
has slumped badly since last season,' 
Pavin withdrew from the PGA because 
of the death of his father. . ,, 

Hale Irwin, dominating the Senior^. 
Tour with six victories, also was coa--*^ . 
sidered, but Kite described the differ-' 
ence between senior and regular tour 
golf as “apples and oranges" and de=*** 
c ided against iL 

"I'm disappointed that I did not play*” 
well enough to make the team on my* 
own.” Kite said. j 

Kite’s team will include four First-* 
time Ryder Cup players — Tiger i 
Woods, Justin Leonard, Tim Furyk and \ 
Scott Hoch — and five men who have « 
played on only one Cup team — Tom J 
Lehman, Phil Mickelson, Jeff Maggert, : 
Brad Faxon and Janzen. Mark O'Meara,.* 
has played on three teams and Lovo.* 
twice, clinching the 1993 Cup with his - t 
victory over Costantino Rocca at dvr i 
Belfty in England. J 


Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


Major League Stjuohngs 


American league 

EAST DIVISION 



W 

L 

pa. 

GB 

Balttmore 

76 

43 

639 



New York 

73 

49 

-998 

4'6 

Boston 

62 

63 

-494 

17 

Toronto 

9) 

62 

MB 

18 

Detroit 

57 

66 

A63 

21 

CENTRAL DlVISIOfl 



Clevetoid 

63 

57 

■525 



Milwaukee 

59 

62 

-488 

A'h 

Chknga 

59 

63 

484 

5 

Kansas City 

51 

69 

425 

12 

Minnesota 

51 

72 

415 

1316 


WEST onflSXM 



Seattle 

69 

54 

-561 



Anaheim 

68 

55 

.553 

1 

Texas 

59 

64 

480 

10 

Oakland 

50 

75 

400 

20 

Nunoaumiaac 



EAST DnraoN 




NT 

L 

Pet 

SB 

Aitamta 

76 

49 

608 



Ftorido 

71 

51 

-583 

3YS. 

New York 

67 

56 

645 

8 

Montreal 

61 

61 

-500 

13M 

PMtadefphta 

44 

76 

■367 

2916 


CENTRAL DnrenoN 



Houston 

66 

58 

432 



Ptttsbuiyh 

60 

63 

488 

SV, 

St Louis 

56 

67 

455 

916 

Clnctanafi 

54 

68 

443 

M 

Chicago 

50 

75 

400 

16'ri 


WEST OmSKM 



San Frandscn 70 

55 

-560 

_ 

Los Angeles 

67 

57 

640 

2M 

Cotoiodo 

60 

64 

.484 

916 

San Diego 

60 

64 

Mt 

916 

Sunday's imwrriin 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 



Kansas CUy 

mi 

000 281-4 

7 2 

Detroit 

303 

101 001-8 

8 0 


Rosoda Mi. Perez C3J. WNsenant {«. 
Walker (B> and MLSw cen ey ; Keoata, Broca il 
(8). ToJones (9) and WalbedL W-Keagle, 
1-2. L— Rosado. W. HR— Koran* City, 
Damon (71. 

Seattle 300 ISO on -5 io o 

CMcagv OH B0T 082-3 V I 

Fosse** Timlin (8). Stocumb (V) and 
DaWUsws Navarre, McEfcay TO (Bid 
Karkovtae. W— Foaera 12-7. L— Navcntv 9- 
11. HRs— Secffla Griffey Jr 2 (40). Buhner 
(30). ChiatgA l Moutan ra. 

Seam Gome 


Seattle 000 100 010-2 B 0 

(Mango 200 003 Mte-4 7 0 

□Ovens. Chariton (B) and Da.Whwre 
Sirafta, N. Cruz (61, MdEfray (81, J. Darwin 
(B). KorchnerOT and Fobtegas. W— Strotka, 
1-0. L— Ofivarw, 6-8. Sv — Karctmw (6). 
HR— Seattle, E. Mortinez (311. 

Toronto HO m 000-10 14 0 

Oevetand 030 OH 701-6 B 3 

Clemens, Crabtree (8). Escobar (9) and 
OBrieiu jr.Wright, income (41, Plunk (9) and 
5. Alomar. Barden (8). W— Clemens. 104. 
L— Jr. Wright 3-2. HR— Toronto, Cruz Jr (171. 
AtameMto 000 200 «8-5 0 o 

BastM 300 300 408—10 14 0 

Tewksbury, T roMOIer (5). AguBera (7) and 
Steinbodi. D. Mile/ (8); Seta Brandenburg 
TO, Lacy TO and Kattebmg. W— Sete 12-9. 
L— Tewksbury, 4-9. 

Han 000 OH 000-0 3 0 

Now York 103 B2S 20 k— 8 13 0 

WOt, Bases (7} aid I. Rodriguezs Cone, 
Mentloza CO. KnJtagen TO and drardL 
W— Mendoza 5-5. L— WMt 11-9. HR— New 
York, otteSI OB). 

Anatwttn OH 121 Ola 6—4 io g 
BaTHrai s IH 002 010 1— J 12 3 
Watson. P. Xante (B). Holtz TO, Hos e qawa 
TO and Kreutac Erickson Orosco (8), A. 
Benton (10) and Webster. W— A. Benitez. 3- 
3. L— Hasegawa, 36. HRs — Baltimore. 
Ledesma TO, R.' Palmeiro CTO- 
Oakland 006 161 000-2 7 1 

Mflwautoe 201 602 H*-4 9 0 

Prteta C Reyes (6), MoNar (6). Johnstone 
(7), Taylor TO and Moyne; W o o d cmt Davts 
ML Wickman (7), DoJoms (9) ana Levis. 
Motheriy [71. W — Woodard, 3-1. L — Prieto, 6 
7. Sv — Do Jones (25). HR — Milwaukee, 
Js-Vataitln (13). 

HKJIONAi. LEAGUE. 

New York 036 001 600-4 * O 

Calonnle 010 640 Its— 4 9 1 

MUdd, Wended TO. Rojos TO ond Humfley: 
Thomson, M. Munoz (7), S. Reed (7), Delean 
(81, Dlpata TO and Mcmwarlng- 

Vi— Thomson, 5-7, L-MPekV 5-10. 
Sv-Oipeto CB}. HR-C0k«rd«i, COSfiUa (31). 
PMtadelph ta 110 102 200-4 11 0 

Houston 060 131 33*— 11 12 0 

Stephenson Rnffcom (4), R. Harris (5L 
Gomes (61. Brewer (7), Spnufin (7) and 
Lieberthal; RXtartia, Magna rite (6L T. 
Manta (7LRLSprtno« TO and Pena Ausmus 
(7). w-T. Marita 5-3. L-Gomes. 2-1. 
Sv-R. Springer Q). 

PflWwnjb 000 101 000-2 9 1 

Florida 383 002 20x— IB 12 0 

Cooke, P. Wagner (6), Ruebd (7), M. 
Wilkins (81 and Kendall a* TO; KJ. Brown. 
Powell TO and C Johnson. W— K. J. Brown, 


IT-& L— Caste 8-12. HRs— Florida Alov 
nALC Johnson (16). 

Chicago 000 Ml 100-0 12 0 

San Diego OH 820 201-5 8 1 

M_ Clark, Patterson (8). T. Adams (8} and 
Houston; Menhait Curmane (SI, Baddtor 
(A), Bergman (7), Ti.WomJI TO and 
C Hernandez. W-NL Clark, 10-7. 
L— Menhait 0-1. Sv— T. Adams (ID. 
HR— San Diego, C Kemaidez CO- 
Montreal 012 020 001—4 7 1 

Soa Francisco *00 OH 02*— 8 11 0 

Paniagua, TeHord (2). M. Valdes (5), Kline 
CAL D. Veres TO, BuSngar (81 and Widow; 
Alvarez, D. Henry (5L Tmarez (7), 
RJHemandez TO. Beck (9) and Benyhai & 
Johnson (5). W— D. Henry, 4-4. 

L— Paniagua. 0-1. Sv— Beck (341. 
HRs— Montreal V, Guenon TO. R. White 
(19). San Fremdsoa D. Hamilton W. 
BenyTdUO). 

Atlanta OH OH 010—1 A 1 

SL Loots OH 1H B2x — 3 7 1 

Neagle. C Fax TO and Edd. Perez, J , Lopez 
(8); An-Benes. Fassas TO, C King TO, 
Eckerstay TO and Pwmozzl W-C King, 2-0. 
L — Neagle, 14-3. Sv-EckenUey (29). 
andnati 300 010 100—5 10 1 

LM An gates 000 OH 806-0 7 1 

Tomka, Belinda (8) and Fardyce; Noma 
Guthrie TO and Piazza. VI— Tomka B-4. 
L— Noma ll-ia 


FOOTBALL 


NFL Preseason 


New England 31, Denver 31 
Chicago 22. Arizona 10 
Pfttsburgh 2& Oetrad 20. 


PGA Championship 


Senas Sunday tram the IhMI raim or the 
S3.6 m Han US. PGA Champkmahip on Dm 
asor-ywd (UBB-metor), par-70 West 
wwte at winged Fan Gad Outr. 


Davs Love III 
Justin Leonard 
Jeff Maggert 
Leo Janzen 
Tom Kite 
PtiBBtackmor 
Scott Hoch 
Jhn Furyk 
TamByrum 


*6-71-44-4* — 2*9 

68- 70-45-71—274 

69- 69- 73-65 — 2/6 

69- 67 ■ 74 -69—279 

68- 71-71-70—280 

70- 68-74-49—281 

71- 72-68-70-281 

69- 72-72-68—281 
49-73-70-70—282 


Scott McCanrn 
Tom Lehman 
JoeySIndela 
Bob Turay 
Nick Price 
Tommy Tattas 
Mark O'Meara 
David Dwo( 

IGik Triplett 
Vijay Stagh 
Cofti Montgomerie 
Greg Norman 
Tim Herron 
SWgekl Maruyamo 
Kenny Perry 
Mark Catanwcc M o 
Doug Marlin 
John Cook 
Bernhard Longer 
Hate Irwin 
JahnOaif 
Fred Couples 
Tiger woods 
PhO Mickelson 
Lee Westwood 
Pout Gordo* 

Payne Stewart 
Frank Nub Ho 
Dan Pootey 
Ronnie Bkxk 
Eduardo Romero 
David Ogrin 
IgnadoGarrida 
Stove Joaes 
Thomas B(oni 

Sam Torrance 
Paul Aztnger 

Stave EWngton 
jesperPamevik 
Loren Roberts 
Robert Altonby 
Brian Hennkipw 
Chris Perry 

Odn Browne 
Toy** Smith 
BBy Mayfair 

Craig Stroller 

EmteBs 
Slew Loamy 

Lanny WndWrra 
Larry Mt a 
Rues Cochran 
Lee Ritter 
Relief Goosen 
Fred Funk 
stuorr AppteOy 
Jay Haas 
Peter Jacobsen 
PoulStankowsld 
Por-UIrS Johansson 
Carios Franco 
Michael Bradley 



74- 71-47-71-283 
*9-72-72-70—263 
72-71-71-49—283 

68- 75-72-49—284 

72- 70-72-70-284 

75- 70-73-46-284 

69- 73-75-67—284 

70- 70-71-73 — 284 

73- 70-71-70-284 

73- 46-74-49-284 

74- 71-47-72-284 
48-71-74-71—284 

72- 73-48-71—284 

48- 70-74-73—285 

73- 48-73-71—285. 

71- 74-7347-285 

49- 75-74-47—285 
71-71-7449—285 
73-71-72-49—285 

73- 70-71-73—286 
44-73-77-79—2 86 

71- 67-73-75—286 
70-70-71-75—286 
6949-73-75-286 

74- 68-71-73-286 
70-72-71-73—784 

70- 70-72-74—286 

72- 73-47-74—286 
72-74-70-70-286 
7649-71-70-286 

71- 72-72-72-287 
74-72-71-70-287 
70-71-75-71—287 
49-73-75-70—287 

7248- 77-71-288 
74-72-70-72—268 
48-73-71-74—288 

72- 72-70-74—288 

76- 70-71-71—288 

74- 70-7449—289 

67- 77-74-71—289 
7448-75-72—289 

68- 71-73-77—280 

70- 73-74-73—290 

71- 71-74-74-290 
7548-75-72—290 

72- 72-74-72—290 
7P- 76-74- 70—290 

7249- 79-71— Wl 
72-72-77-70-291 

71- 73-73-74—291 

72- 73-72-75-292 

70- 71-75-76-292 

72- 70-74-76—292 

71- 74-77-70-392 

75- 7049-78—292 
71 49-73-70—292 
74-72-75-72-293 
48-71-77-77-293 

73- 49-73-78—293 

69- 74- 74- 75— 2W 
7349-80-73—295 


Lorry Netecn 
Yashinotl Koneko 
Costantino Rocca 
Andrew Magee 
Pete Jordan 
Kevin Sutherland 


76-70-76- 73 — J95 

72- 73-76-74 — 295 
69-49-79-7B— 295 
71-70-80-75—296 
76-70-75-76-297 

73- 73- 73- 7B— 297 


JOHNNIE WALKER ITMI CUP 

Final standings for the 19S7 Ryder Cup to be 
ployed Sept. 28-28 et VaMerrama In So- 
togrande. Spoilt. The top 10 finishers qualify 
tor the 12-nun teams. U.5. captain Tom Kite 
and European captain Save Ballesteros se- 
lect two players la compfeteBech teem: 
UNITED STATES 

1. Tiger woods 1,1 85.000 points 

2. Justin Leonard 1,06(LSM 

I Tom Lehman 1,022.953 

4. Davts Love III 957.166 

5. Jim Fun* 947.500 

6. PM Mickelson 809286 

7. Jett Moggeri B06A2S 
& Mark O'Meara 801 .250 

9. Scott Hodi 791 .952 

10. Brad Faaon 727-500 

11. Tommy Tories 689.285 

12. Steve Jones 579-280 

13. Mark Brooks S49JS0 

14. Paul StonkowsM 503304 

CAPTAIN'S PICKS 

15. Lee Janzen -198300 
17. Fmd Couples 458. 0 40. 

EUROPE 

1. Coftn Montgomerie. Scot 86144S points 

2. Danen Chute N.lictond 594J113 

3. Bernhard Longer, Germany 519,147 

4. Ian WOosnaro Wales 5MJ97 

& Lee Westwood. England 468,1 S3 
4 Ignacio Gairida. Spain 371 496 
7, Par-VIrik Johansson, Sweden J3&J05 
& Thomas Bkwn, Denmark 331 zri 
9. Miguel Angel Marin. Spam 32*400 
ia Costontino Rocca, Italy 31 7.007 
11. Pa drag Harrington. Ireland 2B9492 

II Jose Mario Okaabol Spain 267406 

13. Paul Broodhurst England 254467 

14. Roger Chapman. England 3J2J72 

15. Jaakkim Haeogrrm Swedon 242458 



OCA CHMIPtOMMMP 


FINAL 

Jonas Blaricman TO, Sweden, def. Cartas 
Moya <5), Spain, 8-1 24 (7-31 
SEMIFINALS 

Jonas Bjorkmon dcf. Mark Woodfotde. 
Australia, 4-a 6-1 - Cortes Mayo def, Wayne 
Ferreira (10), Africa, 6-4, 4-2. 


OUANTERFMALB 

Jonas Bjorkman def. Tommy Ho, 5-7, 
6-4, 7-5; Mark Wbodfwde def. Andre Agassi 
114), United States. 6-1 5-7. 6-J; Cartas Moya, 
def. Jki Novak. Czech Rcpubfrc. 6-3. 7-& 
Wayne Ferreira def. Magnus Lnreson, 34. 6- 
3,74 02-101. 

DOUBLES 

FINAL 

Michael Tebbutt Australia, and Mikael 
TiB strom (9), 5weden. del. Jonas Bjorkman 
and NicMos Kulli 14}, Sweden 6-1 6-2 

SEIOFMALS 

Jonas Bjurkmon ond NlckJous Kuhi def. 
Gran! Connell Canada ond Patrick GaBrroini 
(71, U.S. 64. 6-2; Michael Tebbutt AustraBa 
and Mikael Trastrom. def. Todd Woatttmdfle 
ond Mark Woodforde (1), Australia 7-6, 64 

CIUAKTERFHALS 

Jorws Bjorkman end NicUaus KulH. def. 
Justin CSrrflfstoh, US. and Peler Nybotg, Ssw- 
den 7-4, (7-4), 7-5 ■ Michael Tebbutt, AustroHo. 
ana Mikael Ttestram def. NeS Broad, Britain 
and Piet Nanral Soulh Attica 24, 7-5, 6-1 

Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde. 
def. Don Johnson and Frandsco Mantrom 
Untied States, 44 6-3. 7 & Grant Connefl, 
Canada and Patrick Galbraith, def. Dave 
Randall and Jack WaHe, U^. 6-3, 14 6-1. 

phot pin rnmiunoMAL 

RNAL 

Yevgeny KofeWtav il), Russia def. 
Palric* Rafter (8), Australia 74 f74l. 6-4. 

SEMIFMALS 

Yevflony k'oWnlkav. def. Prtr Konio (61, 
Czech Repubic. 64 7 -a [7-4V Patrick Rafter, 
def. Greg Rinedskl n I), Britain. 74 44 63 
OUARTERFMALS 

Yevgeny Kafctalkoy. def. Tim Henman (7). 
Britain. 5-7, 61 64 Petr Konio def. David 
Wheaton, UJ. 44 74 (9-7). 64- Greg 
Rusedski, def. Richard Krajicek ifl, Nether- 
lands. 74 (74i. 34 4-3; Patrick Rafter, def. 
Sergl Bruguera 12). Spain, 7-S. 24 62. 

DOUBLES 

FINAL 

Mahash Bhupathi and Lermder Poes ( 5 ). 
India def. Sebasflen Lomov. Canada, arid 
Ate* O'Brien. Amanita, Tews ( 3 ), 64 67 ( 2 - 
7 ). 6 Z 

SEW FINALS 

Mohesh Bhupathi and Leander Poes. def. 
Jaa» Etttngh and PdUl Haa/huis 0 1 , Nether- 
land's 44 61 61 Sebastten Lareau, and 
Atoi OUrioa Amarifla def. More- Kevin 
GooBiwr, Germany, and Andrei Othovskry, 
Russij ( 8 ), 64 64 

QUARTERFINALS 

Jocco Etttngh and Paul Hoariiub, dot. By- 
ron Black. Zimbabwe, and Brett Steven, New 
Zcatetol 34 64. 64 Marc-Xwln Goeilnw, 
«m«l Andrei Oteovskly. def. Yevgeny Kalel- 


uDrov, Russia ond Daniel Vaceh Czech Re- 
public. 7-5. 7-5 

WOAUM 

DO MAURIEK OPCN 

FINAL 

Motrico Setes (1), U5, def. Alike Huber 
(Si. Germanf. 62, 64. 

SEMIFINALS 

Monica Seles, def. Conehita Martinez 17). 
Spain. 62. 74 (84); Anke Huber, de). Mary 
Joe Fernandez DO), U.S„ 34 62. ret. 
ouuntmwLS 

Mordca Seles def. Rita Grande, ttafy. 64 6 
Ik Anlue Huber, def. Amanda Coetzer (3). 

Sooth Atttca 24 6 1, 64- Conchfta Mortinez. 
def.Undsay Davenport (4), 644462 

Mary Joe Fernandez, def. Magdotena 
Maleeva Bulgorto. 62, 67 (3-71, 64 

DOUBLES 

FINAL 

Yayuk BasuU. I ndoneste, and Caroline Vis, 

Netherlands (61. def. Nkole Arondt United 
States, and Manon Boltagiat Nettierknxte 
0,34 74 64. 

BEHIFBUUA 

Yayuk BasukL Indonesia and Crooflne Vis 
16X Ntehrotands. def. Ines GonochateguL Ar- 
flenttna and Irina SpMea 44 74 74 (7-4U 
Nicole Are reft US. and Manon Bahegraf Q), 
Netherkmds, def. Lotea Nefkmd. Latvia and 
Heieria Sukma (3k Czech Hep. 6J. 74 (7-51. 
aUAKTERFINALS 

Nicole Arondt and Manon Ballegrtff def. 
NaoH kJrlmuta Jopoiv and Nana Mfyagi (71. 
Japaiv 44 63 6% Larisa Neflcmd. and He- 
lena Sukova del. Rita Grande, Italy, and Els 
Cattens, Belgium, 64, 63b 
Yayuk BasukL and Caroline Vis del. Mary 
Joe Femandez, and Arantxa Sanchez 
Vlcarfo (1), Spain. 14 Q-1, retired; Ines Goo- 
rochoteguL and Irina Spirtea def. Lisa Ray. 
mond U4. and Rermcie Stubbs. AustraBa 
(8), 14 63. 63. 


S 


JUniCAM WOMUD CIH> OOJUJFTIHO 

GROUP OK 
Guinea I Nigeria 0 

FINAL gtandmosc Nigeria l !• Guinea 1 4 
Kenya 10! Burkina FcsaO. 

Nigeria qualify for Unas. 

GROUP TWO 
Egypt & Liberia 0 
runfste-L NamilwO 

FMAL STAMSmaas Tunisia let Eflypt let 


Uberiodi Namibia 4. r 

Tunisia qualify tor finals . ’ 

OROUFRVE 
Ghana a Sierra Leone 2 
final STMuntti Morocco Idle sietre 
Leone 7; Ghana &- Gabon I. 

Morocco qualify for rtnals. 



KDGVS.MKTUUA 
THREE DAT MATCH - 

NONDAY. IN GAMTBR&um’, BUUM1 • 
Scores: Kent 201 and 343 — -‘ 

Austitekr 315 and 231-4 
Australia def. Kent by 6 widtete. 


--- -- — -..«uucu unr 

from Rochester, (L. 

Chicago -Fired Bill Bui 
a»™. Named Ron Jackson ' 
Homed Bryan Utfte first bos 
RHP Bill Stems on isW 
Bought contract of RHP Jeff 

Nashwua aa. 

— Gpltaned RHF 
«taSaltLa ke ,P CL Mtwt 
Tewksbury hum 15-dqy disnM, 

"■»£* INF 

from Qncaga Cubs tor RHP F 
Put2B Pol Ksitvon !5-<toryd« 
Seattle —Recalled IF Andi 

?S: PCLOpHonw,OFR 


"wioy m Albuqu 

*™ttPhoenhL 

usan 

national basketbai 

Detroit -Signed C-F b 
v«or contract. 

HOUSTON — 5lgned G M 
year contract. 

UHAKMLESCUkFERs. 

RoWnson. 









PACS-i 


* cho1 * 
1 ra Heah 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, T UESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 

SPORTS 


PAGE 19 


iDrioles Soar, With 15th Victory in 20 Games 

The Associated . . . ... 


The Associated Press 

In the Baltimore Orioles’ seventh 
Stra igh t victory in extra- inn mg pamp* 
backup catcher Lenny Wetaer 

nonje the wummgnin in fee bottom of the 

10th to beat the Anaheim Angels. 5-4 
Aaron Ledesma, a rookie, hit his first 
major-league homer and Rafael Pal- 

IUqUMD op ' * 

uietFO hit his 25th this season as the 

AmaIai* ha*haJ ir.t ■ v 


Anaheim, which lost leads of 3-1 and 4- 

In the 10th, Palmeiro walked, leading 
off against Shigetoshi Hasegawa and 
moved op on a balk. After Brady An- 
derson was walked intentionally with 
one out, Webster hit a single just inside 
the third-base bag. 

y Y° u catch “““ngs and it’s hot 
as beck, you want to get the game- 
winning hit so we can go home.” Web- 
ster said. 


/V ■ | J _ , oo U 1 C AIM M 1 U. 

tades gamed their 15th victory in 20 Bdtimore's Cal Ripken, playing in 

jSSS?jb « n5rsf»£5rA 


after surgery to repair an aneurysm in 
the same shoulder, threw 21 pitches in 
the first. He left after throwing several 
warm-up tosses before fee second. A 
preliminary evaluation indicated muscle 
tightness and tendinitis in the shoulder. 

Tim Raines wait 3-for-5 wife three 
runs batted in. 

Browan 5 , Athletics 2 In Milwaukee, 
Jose Valentin hit a bascs-empty homer 
and Julio Franco doubled in a run after a 
3-hour, 49-minute rain delay at the start 
of fee game. 

White Sox 4 , Marino rx 2 In the second 
game of a doubleheader in _ Chicago, 
rookie Mike Sirotka won Ins season 
debut as the White Sox earned a split 
wife Seattle and stopped a four-game 
losing streak. 

In games reported in late editions 
Monday: 

Harnan 5, HU* Sox 3 Ken Griffey 


homered twice in fee opener to reach 40 
home inns for the fourth time in his 
career. Griffey, who weat4-for-5 in fee 
opener, has seven homers in 10 games 
and leads the major leagues. 

Had Sox 10. twin* 5 In Boston, 
shortstop Nomar Gardaparra extended 
his hitring streak to 20. tying Fred Lynn's 
»ram rookie record as Boston sent Min- 
neapolis to its ninth straight loss. 

The Twins have lost 12 of the last 13 
games, their longest losing streak since 
a nine-game slide in 1993. 

figen 8, Royals 4 In Detroit, Travis 
Fiyman drove in four tubs and Damion 
Easley drove in three as Detroit stopped 
a four-game losing streak. 

Bias J*ys 10, imSaas 5 Roger Clem- 
ens (19-4) struck out 11 as Toronto won 
in Cleveland. Clemens leads the majors 
in victories and is second in earned- run 
average. 


- "• 31 S- 

y. '->4 

-Jr&fV:- 


--arts ** 



Searching for Father: 
A Story of Baseball 


Marlins’ Kurt Abbott gloving an infield hit by the Pirates* Joe Ran da. 

J Marlins Keeping It Close, 
| Winning as Braves Lose 


The Associated Press 

The way the Marlins are playing, 
Atlanta’s sixth division title of fee 
: 1990s may not be a done deal 
jE Florida closed within 3V$ games of 
*the National League East leaders, beat- 
ing the Pittsburgh Pirates, 10-2, on Sun- 
day in Miami as Moises Aloe drove in 
five runs. Later in fee day, fee Braves 
lost, 3-1, at St Louis. • 

4 ‘We ’re going after the Braves,” 

• Alousaid- “I think that’s easier because 
w6’re only chasing one team, if we go 

after the wild card, we’re in a race with 
fom teams. Td rather concentrate on the 
. Braves. 1 think we can beat them.” 
r Aiou hit a three-run homer, bis 16th of 

!• fee season and 100th of his career, to put 
: Florida ahead, 6-0, in the third inning. He 
[ 1 also bad a two-run single in the first. 

Kevin Brown allowed two runs and 
;. nine hits in eight innings to become fee 
winning pitcher. 

. Cardinals 3. Bravas 1 Denny Neagle 
j. <163) lost for the first time since July 6, 
allowing a two-run double to Danny 
Sbeaffer that broke an eighth-inning tie 
' at Busch Stadium. 

ttocfcMs e. Mats 4 Dante Bichette’s 
bases-clearing double high l ig h ted a 
■^fouf-nm sixth at Coots Field, and Col- 
orado completed a three-game sweep. 

' John Thomson allowed four runs and 


seven hits in six innings, beating New 
York for the second time in 1 1 days. 

Astros 11 , PMffiu G Billy Brewer 
walked in the tying and go-ahead runs in 
fee seventh at fee Astrodome as Hous- 
ton stopped Philadelphia’s six-game 
winning streak. 

Derek Bell had four hits, including 
two doubles, in sending fee Phillies to 
just their fourth loss in 15 games. 

CiOtS, Padrats Mark Clark allowed 
four runs and five hits in seven innings, 
improving to 2-0 since Chicago ac- 
quired him from the Mecs on Aug. 8. 

Meric Grace hit a two-run triple to cap 
fee four-run fifth and Sammy Sosa ad- 
ded a nin-scoring blodp triple for fee 
visiting Cubs, who avoided a three- 
game sweep. 

Tony Gwynn went 0-for-4, dropping 
his average to 379, its lowest since May 
21 . 

cuant* 8, Expose Damon Bexryhill hit 
a three-run homer at San Francisco as 
fee Giants batted around in a six-run 
first against rookie Joe Paniagua. 

Darryl Hamilton hit a two-run homer 
in the eighth off Jim Ballinger, his first 
home run in 10$ at- bats since July 18. 

Rads 5, Dodgars o At Dodger Sta- 
dium, rookie Brett Tomko (8-4) pitebed 
seven scoreless innings for fee second 
time in three starts for Cincinnati.' 

Hideo Nome gave up three runs in the 
first inning and wound up allowing five 
runs and eight hits in seven innings. 


By Murray Chass 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Fernando Tatis has a 
message for his father 

“If he sees me, doo’t be afraid to 
come to me. I want to talk to him. I just 
want to see him.” 

Tatis, the Texas Rangers* third base- 
man, remembers nothing of his father. 
He wasn’t even 4 when Ms father, also 
named Fernando, left fee Do mini can 
Republic and his family. Now Tatis 
desperately wants to find the man whom 
his mother has described as “a nice 
guy” and a good father. 

“I just want to see him, ” Tatis said 
during the weekend at Yankee Stadium. 
“I hope one day - we can be together 
because I want to see him. ” 

Like fee Rangers’ 22-year-old rook- 
ie, the elder Tatis was a professional 
baseball player. He was in the Houston 
Astros’ organization, last playing in 
1978 in fee Class AA Southern League 
for Columbus, Georgia, hitting 330 and 
1 D home runs. He later served as a coach 
in the Astros’ minor league system and 
as a scoot in 1980 and 1981. Then he 
disappeared. 

His departure, however, was not a 
case of a husband and fattier abandoning 
his family. 

Tatis’s parents were divorced soon 
after he was bom: his father remarried. 
Then one day his father arrived home in 
Santo Domingo to find his second wife 
in a compromising situation wife a man 
who had been Tatis' s chauffeur. The 
elder Tatis, a family acquaintance said, 
“lost it.” 

He traveled to San Pedro to be with 
his son and former wife, wife whom he 
had remained friendly, and spent fee 
night with them. “He’s the only thing 
that means anything to me,” he told his 
former wife about young Fernando. 

The next morning he went to the 
airport and left fee island. No one knows 
where he went “My first year, when I 
came over to play rookie league ball, 1 
started looking around for him,” Tatis 
said, speaking of his first minor league 
season in 1994, after he was signed by 
Omar Minaya, now the Rangers’ di- 
rector of professional and international 
scouting. 

Tatis added: “A lot of people told me 
he lived in Sarasota, Honda, so I just 
started looking there and getting in con- 
tact wife people there. I went to the 


plaza and the maEL They have like a 
Latino area there where a lot of Latin 
guys live, so I was just looking around 
and asked those people who live there. 
But I couldn’t get anything.’ ’ 

Old friends of his father’s have told 
Tatis that his father stopped coaching in 
the minor leagues because he no longer 
wanted to be around baseball. “I don’t 
know why,” Tatis said. 

A rumor that reached some baseball 
people who knew the elder Tatis sug- 
gested that about five or six years ago he 
might have been slain in Boston in a 
drug-trafficking scheme. However, die 
Massachusetts Registry of Vital Re- 
cords has no record of anyone by that 
name having died in the state. 

“ Oh yeah, I heard that,” Tatis said of 
the Boston story. “1 was a little bit 
afraid.” Told about the absence of his 
father’s name from the registry’s com- 
puter, he said, “I hope so.” 

Talking to some of his father's old 
baseball friends, Tatis has learned that 
some have seen his father more recently 
than the rumored Boston killing. 

A couple of scouts, he said, told him 
they saw his father two years ago in 
Sarasota. “A lot of scouts tell me they 
know my fattier and he’s a very nice 
person, a very good guy,” Tatis said. 
1 ‘A lot of people told me that ttiey know 
him, but nobody has seen bun re- 
cently.” 

Unknown to Tatis at fee time lie dis- 
cussed his search is that be shares the 
Texas clubhouse with someone who, 20 
yeans ago, successfully concluded a 
search for his own father. Bucky Dent, 
then the Yankees’ shortstop, found Rus- 
sell Stanford in a town in Georgia. 

“All those years I searched for him 
and I finally found him,” said Dent, who 
is now a Texas coach. “It’s not an easy 
thing unless you can get somebody to 
help you. My problem was I didn’t know 
his last name. Fernando has it a little bit 
easier because he knows his last name.” 

Tatis suspects his father is aware that 
he is playing in the major leagues, either 
by seeing Ms name in newspapers or on 
television. “1 just think he’s afraid to 
come to me right now,” be said. 

“I don’t care,” Tatis said. “I just 
want to see him- My mother told me 
when I was a baby be gave me a little bat 
and he said, ‘You’re going to be aplayer 
one day like me.’ I just don’t want him 
to be afraid to come to me. I want him to 
just come over.” 



Snail Cahfll/Apmc France-Picuc 

New England’s Chris Slade, left, sacking Jeff Lewis in the Denver end 
zone, causing a fumble. Slade recovered the ball, scoring a touchdown. 

A Scare for the Steelers 

Quarterback Stewart Hurt in Exhibition Game 


The Associated Press 

Just two days after Bill Cowher, the 
Pittsburgh Steelers' head coach, ex- 
pressed delight wife his team's rela- 
tively injury-free training camp, quar- 
terback Kordeil Stewart sprained Ms left 
knee Sunday in a 28-20 exhibition vic- 
tory over Detroit 

Stewart, who has led Pittsburgh to a 
4-0 exhibition record, insisted he will be 

HfltOUHPBP 

ready for the Aag. 31 opener against 
Dallas. But he will not play in Friday’s 
preseason finale at Carolina. 

“I’m the starter now, so why take a 
chance?” Stew an said. “Why do 


Several Steelers linemen accused 
Lions defensive lineman Shane Droned 
of doing exactly that As they watched a 
replay of Drone n undercutting Slew- 
art’s knees and rolling over his legs long 
after be threw a pass, several Steelers 
pointed at Droned and yelled, “Cheap 
shot! Cheap shot!” 

“It wasn't deliberate,” Dronett said. 
“I bad my guy beat and I slipped and I 
trial to avoid him. I didn’t feel like it 
was a big Mt or anything.” 

Lions quarterback Scott Mitchell 
never got on the field, sitting out with a 


grom injury. 

- Before be left, Stewart continued his 
excellent preseason by going 7-of-ll 
. for 84 yards and a touchdown. 

Bun 22 , cmfinatB-io Chicago won 
but lost its best receiver Curtis Conway 
for at least six weeks wife a broken 
collarbone. 

Conway was hurt after he reached for 
a pass that was incomplete and hit fee 
ground hard as Arizona’s Ty Howard 
landed on top of him. 

Bobby Engrain, who will be the 
team's primary receiver, caught the go- 
ahead score, a 32-yard er from Rick 
Mirer, in the third quarter. 

The game had been postponed Sat- 
urday night because of a violent thun- 
derstorm. Cardinals players had voted 
unanimously Saturday night to accept 
fee rescheduled game, even though they 
hadn't had a day off in a week, which, 
they said, was a violation of their col- 
lective bargaining agreement. 

Patriots 31, Broncos 21 In Foxboro, 
Massachusetts, Jeff Lewis, Denver’s 
backup quarterback was sacked four 
times in the first half, three times by 
Chris Slade. Drew Bledsoe, the New 
England quarterback, jump-started a 
cranky offense with two touchdown 
passes. John Elway,' Denver's first- 
choice passer, did not play at all. 

















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PAGE 20 


ART BUCHWALD 


A Cut-Rate Holiday 


M ARTHA’S VINE- 

YARD, Massachusetts 
— The sad Dews from Wash- 
ington is that President Clin- 
ton has gone over his White 
House travel budget and must 
cut down on 
expenses while 
he vacations on 
Martha's Vine- 
yard. 

The rumor is 
that the presi- 
dent intends to 
stretch out the 
$40,000 left in 
this fiscal year, BuchwaId 
which ends Sept. 30. As a 
longtime resident of ±e Vine- 
yard, I believe that I can be of 
help to the president, so here 
are some suggestions: 

The Bagel Factory has a 
sale every day on yesterday 's 
bagels which, even at half- 
price, taste almost as good as 


fresh ones. 

There is also a great buy on 
tomatoes and com if you and 
Hillary go to the local farm 
and pick you own veggies. 


For bargain shopping I 
would recommend the Thrift 
Shop in Vineyard Haven 
where you and your family 
can buy secondhand clothes 
and damaged toasters. 


Deep Blue ‘Junior 9 
To Visit Philippines 

A fence Frunce-Prcsse 
MANILA — Deep Blue 
Junior, a compact version of 
the supercomputer that beat 
Garry Kasparov in May, will 
visit the Philippines to play a 
series of exhibition matches 
in November. IBM said. 

The junior version is cap- 
able of analyzing 50,000 chess 
moves per second, compared 
to 200 million per second for 
Kasparov’s conqueror. 


Most of the good beaches 
are private, and membership 
costs up to 540,000. S irtce that 
is exactly what you have to 
spend until the end of Septem- 
ber, I suggest you ny South 
Beach. It’s public, which 
means nobody can ever find a 

spot to spread a blanket. 

Martha's Vineyard prides 
itself on having a great deal of 
free entertainment. The Town 
Band gives free concerts 
every Sunday, and as long as 
they don’t have to play in the 
r ain they’re as good as the 
National Symphony. 

Movies are cheaper in the 
afternoon, and there are spe- 
cial rates for senior citizens 
and Secret Service men. 


Mr. President, you have to 
pay to play golf at Farm Neck, 
but you can buy used golf 
balls at Trader Fred's. Fred 
keeps a large basket of bal Is ar 
the door, and some days you 
can get lucky and find one 
that has been hit in the water 
by Vernon Jordan. 

Here's a easy way to save 
travel money. They sell culls 
on the island — these are lob- 
sters with only one claw. 
Some people spend their en- 
tire vacations eating culls and 
come home with money to 
spare. 

Fred Fisher's Dairy Farm 
in West Tisbury rents horses 
for a dollar a' ride, which 
should take care of all your 
staff s recreational needs. 

If Hillary gets bored, she 
can go to the airport and 
watch the planes land. 

Finally, you can take the 
entire family to the agricul- 
tural fair and climb over the 
back fence when nobody is 
looking. 

I'm sure that with these 
useful tips you will be able to 
stay well within your budget 
and siiii have a heck of a 
thrifty time. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1997 


The Personal Cinema of Cassavetes (and Son) 


By Phillip Lopate 

N EW YORK — John Cassavetes’s 
reputation as a director has under- 
gone 3 remarkable transformation since 
his death in 1989 at the age of 59. Once 
viewed as an amateurish maverick who 
brokered self-indulgent improvisations 
by his actor-friends, he has come to be 
seen, especially abroad, as one of the 
three or four major American film- 
makers of the last 30 years. 

Books are written about him; retro- 
spectives are devoted to him; young 
directors from Budapest to Brooklyn 
imitate his passionate, infuriating dra- 
mas about love and character melt- 
down. 

Somewhere the ghost of John Cas- 
savetes must be chuckling. Six of his 
movies are to be revived at the Paris 
Theatre in Manhattan and the Laemmle 
Sunset Five in Los Angeles, setting the 
stage for the opening of “She’s So 
Lovely/’ a film based on a Cassavetes 
script that his son, Nick, has directed, 
starring Sean Penn, Robin Wright Penn 
and John Travolta. 

The convergence of a mini-retro- 
spective and a generational collabor- 
ation across mortal lines provides a per- 
fect opportunity to assess Cassavetes’s 
legacy. How solid was his achievement? 

And bow readily does it transfer to the 
present cinematic moment? John Cassavete 

Cassavetes was, of course, also an 
actor, a brood mg ly handsome, riveting one who eventually 
specialized in suave villainy (“Rosemary’s Baby/’ “The 
Fury''). Like Orson Welles, he took acting jobs early on to 
pay for his filmm aking habit His first directorial work, 
“Shadows," is an irresistibly jazzy, black-and-white en- 
capsulation of downbeat New York, circa 1960. 

This free -form, interracial drama made everyone young 
want to go out and make a movie. The success of ‘ ‘Shadows' ’ 
landed Cassavetes a Hollywood contract for two studio 
pictures, ‘Too Late Blues" and “A Child Is Waiting,” 
which, while creditable, convinced him that he should never 
again direct a film he didn't write or couldn’t control. 

His next projects, “Faces” (1963) and “Husbands” 
1 1 970), took him more than seven years to make, and both had 
an aggressively raw, rough texture, as if he were distancing 
himself from Hollywood's dream-machine smoothness. 

Perhaps because of the genesis of “Shadows” in acting 
workshop exercises, all later Cassavetes films were saddled 
with the mistaken label of “improvs,” though each was in 
fact carefully scripted by him. One of the revelations in 
revisiting later Cassavetes masterwoiks like "A Wo man 



John Cassavetes, whose films about love and character meltdown are enjoying a revival. 

ie who eventually Under the Influence” (1974), “The Killing of a Chinese noirish lyricism 1 
f s Baby,” “The Bookie" (1976) or “Opening Night” (1977) today is that romantic montage 
g jobs early on to they are much more tightly structured and narratively score — str eam! in 
directorial work, propulsive than they seemed when they had their premieres, of the two leads ii 
ck-and- white en- One reason it took film critics (myself included) so long to Cassavetes Sen 

. 1960. appreciate Cassavetes's virtuosity as a filmmak er was that favorite director 

! everyone young be broke with the perspectives and deep-focus framing of rougher, making t 
as of “Shadows” classical mise en scene. He did so because he wanted to Given the obs 
t for two studio convey a sense of the world as always in flux, and of human Cassavetes made! 
did Is Waiting,” nature as chronically unsettled, up for grabs. their inner spirit, 

U he should never Alcohol, a recurring motif in Cassavetes ’s films (and life: oddball narratives 
In’t control. he died of complications of cirrhosis of the liver), and filmmakers: Sidni 

ind “Husbands” mental illness helped to destabilize the characters further, Cassavetes’s “G1 
lake, and both had and plunge them into that open-ended * To s mess' ’ that was savetes is rewriiir 
e were distancing so central to his vision. While it could 

(smoothness. “I’m lost by life/’ Cassavetes said. Lots of artists say savetes stylisticall 

idows’ ' in acting they don't want to know what they ’re doing, but Cassavetes independent films 
1ms were saddled meant it. “You have to fight sophistication. You have to and his detennina 
3 ugh each was in fight knowing, because once you know something, it's hard 
he revelations in to be open and creative.” PhiUip Lopate. 

[ike "A Wo man These prescriptions betray an anti-intellectual bias, and My Body." wrote . 


indeed the relative absence of calm/ 
reflection in his characters becomes a..* 
limitation, forcing them into hysteria. I 
On the other hand, his strong suits were •*' 
intuition and an emotional sympathy 
for disordered souls, which allowed 
him to reach other truths. :| 

-j Cassavetes began writing "She’s \ 
i So Lovely” in die late ’70s, and it . 
j brings together many of the fihn- 
! mak er's pet motifs: dr inking , going' 
crazy, the temporariness of life’s roles, ; 
the reasonings of the heart 
Its scenario, in which a man and a 
woman skate a characteristic figure- 
eight of love, chaos, loss and resto- 
ration, favors sudden shifts, time- 
jumps, marginal outsiders. Even little 
touches like offering beer to a child 
and the word “de-lovelies” echo other 
Cassavetes scripts. 

His son’s “She’s So Lovely” gives 
us the chance. to encounter this in- 
triguing, heretofore lost Cassavetes 
script — and to fantasize bow the 
master might have executed it. Nick 
Cassavetes is nothing if not filial: His 
first feature was a vehicle for his moth- 
er, Gena Rowlands, the rather squishy 
but polished “Unhook the Stars.” 

“She’s So Lovely’’ is even more 
visually poised, though its style seems. - 
shaped more by generation than genes. 

Where John Cassavetes shied away 

pju fimim from violence and nudity, Nick Cas- 
joying a revival, savetes is more modishly brutal and 
sentimental. His bag of techniques — a 
noirish lyricism that includes slow motion, music -video 
romantic montages, helicopter pull-aways and an emphatic 
score — streamline the ambiguously conflicted relationship 
of the two leads into more of a true-love fairy tale. 

Cassavetes Senior also insisted on hope in movies (his 
favorite director was Frank Capra) but the voyage was. 
rougher, making the optimism more deserved. 

Given the obsessive, go- for- broke process by which 
Cassavetes made his movies, it would seem hard to recapture 
their inner spirit, however faithful the adaptation. Yet his 
oddball narratives and characters continue to tantalize other ' 
filmmakers: Sidney Lumet is reportedly doing a remake of 
Cassavetes’s “Gloria” with Sharon Stone, and Nick Cas- 
savetes is rewriting “The Killing of a Chinese Bookie.” 

While it could prove a dead end to try to imitate Cas- 
savetes stylistically, his more lasting influence on American 
independent films may well be the example of his toughness . : 
and his detennination to make personal films. 

Phillip Lopate. the author most recently of “ Portrait of 
My Body . " wrote this for The New York Times. 



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Ivanka Trump, modeling for Mugler. 


T HE American model who says she was 
ditched by Dodi al Fayed for Princess Di- 
ana opened her heart to a British newspaper on 
Monday, alleging that her former lover was a dud 
in bed. With the nizane saga of the princess and 
the playboy showing no sign of losing its fas- 
cination. Kelly Fisher dished up the dirt on the 
heir to the Harrods empire who is said to have 
won the affection of one of the world’s most 
glamorous women. “Dodi isn't a great lover,” 
Fisher, 30, told the Sun. “He doesn't know how 
to pleasure a woman,” she said. “At various 
points in our relationship I tried to drop subtle 
hints about ways to make our love life more 
satisfying. But he didn't seem interested.” De- 
spite all that, Fisher said she loved al Fayed “for 
his personality and for his kindness.” 


She seems to have this modeling thing down. 
There are the sexy outfits ( when you show up for 
an interview wearing a floor-length see-through 
white dress, you tend to turn heads). And there 
are the banalities, stated in studied, contraction- 
free sentences. “I live for the moment," Ivanka 
Trump, the daughter of, well, you know, told 
The New York Times. "I do not fear the future 
because I think every experience makes you 


PEOPLE 

stronger. I am the kind of person who has no 
regrets.” One should hope not She is 15 years 
old. She has spent her life hiding from the cam- 
eras that haunted Ivana T rump and The Donald 
through messy divorces, high-flying deals and 
scan dal -e ties, but now she is seeking her own 
limelight with a modeling career that has recently 
included a walk down a Paris runway, a Sev- 
enteen magazine cover and advertising cam- 
paigns for Tommy Hilfiger and Thierry Mu- 
gler. And on Wednesday, Trump will make her 
five television debut before many millions as co- 
host of die Miss Teen USA pageant. 


Sean Connery escaped unhurt but shaken 
after a brick thrown from a bridge hit the roof of 
his Range Rover and shattered the windshield. 
The Mail od Sunday reported. Connery, 66 , was 
returning to his London home after filming 
scenes from his movie "The Avengers” when 
the vandals struck. “Sean was shaken up/' an 
unidentified associate was quoted as saying. 
“We are still frying to establish exactly what 
happened He is not feeling very well at the 
moment — he also has a stomach problem.” 
Connery was confined to bed and could not take 
calls, tiie newspaper said. 


The Calcutta-based Missionaries of Charity, 
formerly run by Mother Teresa, distanced itself 
Monday from a proposed television series on the 
life of the Nobel Peace Prize-winning nun. Sister 
Xirmala, who took over as head of the order this 
year, said the film had not been authorized by 
Mother Teresa. A close associate of the order said 
that the “glamorized* ‘ film could spread “wrong 
notions/' Their statements followed reports that 
Hallmark Entertainment was planning a film 
starring Geraldine Chaplin and written by the 
French author Dominique Lapierre. 


Fred Astaire’s widow says she rarely gives 
others permission to use his film clips because 
she wants to protect his image. “He was worried 
that after he was no longer around that he'd be 
taken advantage of," said Robyn Smith Astaire, 
52. “I promised him I wouldn’t let that happen." 
The dancer died in 1987, leaving his wife the 
right to manage his intellectual property. Her 
attitude, and the high fees she sometimes 
charges, have drawn criticism. “What saddens 
me is there will be a generation of people growing 
up who think Gene Kelly was the No. 1 dancer in 
Hollywood," says Tom Karsch, senior vice 
president for Turner Classic Movies. 



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ANOTHER KIND OF RACKET — 
John McEnroe of tennis fame playing 
at a rock concert on a Belgian beach; 



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AT&T Access Numbers 


Steps to follow for easy oiling worldwide: 

1. Just dial die AT&T Acres Number for the country you 
are calling from. 

2. Dial the phone number you’re calling. 

j. Dial the calling card number listed jbwe your name. 


Aufrlamo . ... 
Bdgtmn* 

Czech Republic* 
France 


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toelando 

Half* 

Hettartaods* 

Russia •A(Mosta*>)> 
Spain ... . 


JJ22-983-011 

0-869*100-11! 
00 -12-600-1 at 

0- 8(9-99*0011 

0130*0010 

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1- 880-550-088 

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.0800-022-9111 

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Sweden .. . 
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Egyi>t*(Cain>)f . 
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MIDDLE EAST 


020-795-S1 1 
0800-89*0911 
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0800-89-0611 


.... 510-0280 
177-100-2727 
1-8 00-10 

T 0191 
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