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INTERNATIONAL 




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The VVorld’s Daily Newspaper 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES A 


WASHINGTON POST 


London, Thursday, August 21, 


e Arrives in Bonn 


With New U.S. Envoy 

After Long Absence in Embassy, Posting 

f ^ Of Komblum Is Seen as Reaffirming Tie 


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Roberto Hfril/lV Aitodaird 

John Komblom, the new IIS. 
ambassador, in Bonn Wednesday. 


In UPS Pact, 
Long-Range 
Ramification 
Is Unclear 


By Frank Swoboda 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON— -Ron Carey .pres- 
ident of the Teamsters, proclaimed his 
union's success in its two-week strike 
against United Parcel Service as the 
stan of a new era for organized labor. 
"American workers are on the move 
again,** he said after the settlement on 
Tuesday. 

Many labor experts agree that the 
Teamsters won some significant gains 
in the UPS strike — especially the com- 
pany's pledge to add 10,000 full-time 
jobs for current part-time workers. 

But these experts caution that the 
broader economic forces that have been 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

pushing companies such as UPS to use 
part-time workers continue unabated. 
And unless organized labor can find 
ways to ease these competitive pres- 
sures, they say, any gains won in the 
UPS strike may be short-lived. 

‘ There was a mood of celebration 
among labor officials as they toasted 
what many called labor's first big vic- 
tory in . more than a decade. 

The AJFL-dO president, John J. 
Sweeney, called the strike a “wake-up 
call for Corporate America.” 

“This is a fight for the future,'* he 
declared. ■ . 

.Both -Mr. Sweeney and Mr. Carey see 
the UPS strike as a long-awaited an- 
tidote to the crushing public defeat labor 
received 16 years ago. when President 
Ronald Reagan gave an ultimatum to 
striking members of the Professional 
Air Traffic Controllers Organization 
and brought in permanent replacements 
for those who aid not return to work. 

- These labor officials argue that the 
UPS strike was crucial because, for the 
first time since the air controllers’ de- 
feat, organized labor was able to win 
public support for a major strike. 

-..The union workers were widely seen 
a§ the good guys, fighting to ruse the 

Jfvmg standards of low-paid pan-time 

Sec UPS, Page 6 


By John Schmid 

International Herald Tnhiuu ■ 

BONN — When John Konablum ar- 
rived here Wednesday as Washington’s 
new ambassador to Germany, a degree 
of hope arrived with him for the Ger- 
mans who worry that the United States 
has downgraded their nation’s diplo- 
matic worth. 

Mr. Komblum's arrival ended a 14- 
month absence in the U.S. embassy on 
the Rhine, which has been staffed in the 
interim. by a charge d'affaires. The va- 
cancy unsettled Germans and made 
them ask whether the long-standing 
strategic interests of Bonn and Wash- 
ington had begun to diverge after de- 
cades of an unusually warm, productive 
and emotionally charged alliance. 

Radical troop cutbacks, closures of 
Amerika Haus cultural centers, an ab- 
sence of congressional visits to Ger- 
many, U.S. criticism of German treat- 
ment of Scientologists and of Bosnian 
refugees, trade frictions over Cuba and 
Libya, and even the recent difficulty of 
the German president, Roman Herzog, 
to schedule appointments for a trip to 
Washington have all been taken by Ger- 
mans as evidence of a cooler relation- 
ship. 

Given those anxieties. Germany's 
political and journalistic establishment 
enthusiastically greeted the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Komblum, one of Wash- 
ington’s top Germany experts, as a 
hopeful sign that the United States is 
ready to breathe new life into its part- 
nership with Germany. 

Because Mr. Komblum. 54, served 
frequently in Bonn, Berlin and Hamburg 
during his 33-year State Department ca- 
reer, many Goman diplomats consider 
him an old friend. With his fluent and 
colorful command of German, Bonn 
views him as one of the best men avail- 
able to help explain to Germany how its 
role has shifted and grown in the context 
of an eastward-expanding Europe. 

- See GERMANY, Page 6 


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Two women reacting vividly to the emissions from passing vehicles in a Hong Kong street on Wednesday, 
when the year's worst pollution levels were recorded in the territory, leading to official warnings. 

Asia Chokes on Growing Pollution 

Study Finds Cost of Environmental Havoc ‘Staggeringly High’ 


By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribun* 

For much of the last month, a pall of 
haze has shrouded Kuala Lumpur and 
many other parts of peninsular Malay- 
sia, blotting out the sun and prompting 
official health warnings. 

The haze — a recurring problem for 
Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei in re- 
cent years — is caused by smoke drift- 
ing from forests being burned and 
cleaned in nearby Indonesia for ag- 
riculture. It traps pollution in and 
around the Malaysian capital, creating 
a smog blanket that frequently has 
driven the official air quality index to 
an unhealthy level. 

Kuala Lumpur’s air pollution, re- 
searchers say. is only a small pan of a 
much bigger problem of environmen- 


tal decay afflicting Asia, as increasing 
population combines with rapid eco- 
nomic growth, urbanization and in- 
dustrialization to generate an explo- 
sive demand for energy and 
resources. 

While many Asian countries are 
preoccupied with combating currency 
speculation and the underlying eco- 
nomic weaknesses that the speculators 
exploit, some economists believe that 
the damage to the region's natural 
resources is a more serious long-term 
challenge to sustainable growth. 

A recent study by the Asian De- 
velopment Bank found that the costs 
of environmental damage in Asia were 
already "staggeringly high,'* and that 
if the region failed to implement better 
policies it would "pay even more 
dearly for environmental negligence” 


in the future. 

“Without conscious shifts in en- 
vironmental policy, most of Asia will 
become dirtier, noisier, more conges- 
ted, more eroded, less forested and Jess 
biologically diverse,” the bank said. 
“The sustainability of Asia's prosper- 
ity could be threatened.” 

Jeffrey Sachs, director of the Har- 
vard Institute for International Devel- 
opment and one of the two chief co- 
ordinators of the bank study, said that 
although Asia was still on track to 
becoming the center of the global 
economy in the 21st century, the pos- 
itive outlook was far from assured. 

■ "A particularly acute challenge is 
environmental management,” he said. 
"By many key measures, Asia is now 

See ASIA. Page 6 


TECH, LEES AND VIDEO CHECKS 


Biometrics: Changing Face of Identity Methods 


By Saul Hansell 

New York Tunes Service 

ARLINGTON, Texas — On a hot summer day 
recently, Johnny Johnson, a traveling salesman 100 
miles from home, stopped at a Texaco station to cash a 
paycheck because someone here knew his face. Or 
rather, a certain machine knew his face. 

Mr. Johnson fed his check into a device that looked 
like an automated teller machine, and smiled for the 
pea-sized camera. The device, developed by a check- 
cashing chain called the Mr. Payroll Corp., compared 
Mr. Johnson’s face with the picture it had on file. They 
matched and Mr. Johnson was given his cash. 

This machine is one of a new batch of devices that 
identify people through various bodily characteristics 


— faces, hands, fingers, eyes, voices, perhaps even 
smells — using a range of technologies known as 
biometrics, or the statistical measurement of bio- 
logical phenomena. 

Biometrics has long been the province of spy 
thrillers and gee-whiz prophecies. But until recently it 
has rarely been used except to guard, say, the entrance 
to a nuclear plant or sensitive areas at the Central 
Intelligence Agency. 

But with costs down and accuracy up, biometrics is 
cropping up all over, verifying the identities of people 
crossing borders, eating atcoUege cafeterias, applying 
for welfare, entering bousing projects, punching in at 
factories, picking up children at day-care centers and 
even going to Disney World. 

This rases privacy concerns because these devices 


See IDENTITY, Page 6 


Failed Bank Puts Antigua in Hot Spot 


* Km ISO-;. I CT.fSST 


By Larry Rohter 

New York Times Service 

ST. JOHNS, Antigua and Barbuda — 
When it opened for business in Sl Johns 
three years ago, European Union Bank 
marketed itself as the first offshore bank 
on the Internet and claimed to be the 
wave of the future. , 

Now the bank has collapsed, two of 
its Russian directors and depositors’ 
money have disappeared and fee gov- 
ernment of Antigua has belatedly issued 

a fraud alert. ... 

The scandal comes as bttle surprise to 
regulators in North Amain and 
Europe, who have long warned that the 
Russian mafia, Colombian drug traf- 
fickers and other international criminals 


have been laundering money through European 
Antigua’s flourishing banking sector. June 1994 as 
More than 50 offshore banks are Bank by twe 
chartered in Antigua, many consisting of anikhin and 
little more than a phone and a computer bank docum 
behind a brass plate on an office door. themselves s 
Dominated politically and econom- construction 
ically by fee Bird family since fee mid- Menatep Ba 
1940s, this former British colony 300 and British o 
miles (480 kilometers) southeast of Pu- Russian org: 
erto Rico has a reputation as a haven for U.S. offiei 
intrigue and dubious businesses, not- been arrestee 
wi thstanding fee passage of money- violation ch 
laundering legislation last year. having emtx 

A recent State Department report de- from a Mosc 
scribes Antigua as "a weak link in ef- their formal 
forts to combat drug trafficking and Union Bank 
money laundering” and notes "a surge 
in questionable banking operations. ’ ’ See A 


European Union Bank was founded in 
June 1 994 as East European International 
Bank by two Russians, Alexander Kon- 
anikhin and Mikhail Khodorovsky. In 
bank documents on file, both described 
themselves as brokers of oil, metals and 
construction supplies and officers of 
Menatep Bank of Moscow, which U.S. 
and British officials have stud is linked to 
Russian organized crime. 

U.S. officials said Mar. Konanikhin had 
been arrested in the United States on visa 
violation charges and was accused of 
having embezzled more than $8 million 
from a Moscow bank. Both men severed 
their formal connections wife European 
Union Bank, and two other Russians, 


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collect a lot of personal data. Already, there is a 
growing backlash against the use of fingerprints when 
issuing drivers licenses and cashing checks. 

But biometrics also has real potential to protect 
against thieves and impostors. One of the fastest- 
growing financial crimes is fee theft of identity, wife a 
cri minal stealing personal information — like a Social 
Security number — to tap into someone else’s credit or 
bank account. 

4 ‘You can say feat biometrics is inherently personal 
and therefore inherently violates my privacy,” said 
Ben Miller, editor of Personal Identification News, a 
leading trade magazine. “But biometrics can be a 
phenomenal enhancer of privacy." 


No. 35,605 


Arafat Holds 
Talks With 
Islamists and 
Warns Israel 

In ‘Unity Conference,” 
He Says Palestinians 
Could Revive Intifada 

By Joel Greenberg 

New York Times Service 

GAZA — Defying calls to crack 
down on Islamic militants, Yasser Ara- 
fat led a conference of Palestinian fac- 
tions on Wednesday that included fee 
Hamas and Islamic Jihad groups in a 
show of unity against the policies of fee 
Israeli government. 

The conference demonstrated how 
the deterioration of Palestinian-IsraeU 
relations and fee collapse of peace ef- 
forts has drawn Mr. Arafat and his do- 
mestic opponents closer in common and 
even competing denunciations of Israel. 
Mr. Arafat has sought the backing of fee 
militants in his confrontation with the 
Israelis, and the Islamic groups have 
responded, expecting feat their support 
will ward off any moves by fee Pal- 
estinian Authority to break up their or- 
ganizations. 

Addressing the gathering in Gaza, 
called “The National Unity Conference 
to Confront fee Challenges,” Mr. Ant- 
fat warned that the Palestinians were 
prepared, if necessary, to renew a seven- 
year uprising against Israel 
"Seven years!” Mr. Arafat declared, 
referring to the revolt known as the 
intifada. ‘ ‘We can erase and do it over 
again from the beginning. Nothing is far 
from us. All fee options are open before 
us.” 

The uprising broke out in December 
1987 and ended with the arrival of the 
first Palestinian forces in the Gaza Strip 
and Jericho in 1994 under self-rule ac- 
cords with Israel. 

Mr. Arafat's combative tone, and the 
presence of Islamic Jihad representa- 
tives for the first time at a gathering 
under his auspices with other militant 
factions, reflected the depth and breadth 
of opposition to Israeli policies now 
shared by Palestinians across the polit- 
ical spectrum. 

A series of Israeli punitive measures , 
including tight border closures, bouse 
demolitions and suspension of financial 
transfers to fee Palestinian Authority, 
appear to have united ordinary Pales- 
tinians of all political stripes behind Mr. 
ArafaL Many perceive him as standing 
up to heavy Israeli and American pres- 
sure to suppress the militants. 

Israel imposed the punishments and 
demanded that Mr. Arafat crack down 
on Hamas and Islamic Jihad after twin 
suicide bombings in a Jerusalem market 
on July 30 in which 14 people and die 
two attackers were killed. U.S. officials 
have backed fee Israeli demands, but 
they have also urged Israel to rescind 
economic sanctions that are not directly 
linked to its security. 

Israeli officials criticized Mr. Arafat 
for inviting Hamas and Islamic Jihad to 
fee Gaza conference, asserting that his 
hosting of groups responsible for bomb- 
ings that killed scores of Israelis con- 
tradicted his commitment to fight ter- 
rorism. 

Mr. Arafat is “giving fee terrorist 
organizations a stamp of approval.” 
said David Bar-Ulan, communications 
director for Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu. 

Although Mr. Arafat and his aides 
might think that “appeasing, pacifying 
and placating these organizations will 
do the trick,” Mr. Bar-OJan added, 
“they already tried feat, and we found 
that all this dialogue does is give these 
organizations the respectability and le- 
gitimacy which makes it easier for them 
to continue their terrorist activity wife 
impunity.” 

But Tayeb Abdel Rahim, a close aide 
of Mr. Arafat who chaired fee con- 
ference, rejected the Israeli criticism. 

See ISRAEL, Page 6 


Warily the Welsh Move Toward Vote on Legislature 

z- j ^ , An A th* rover will powers in Edinburgh and an assembly more a matter of the heart than i 


7; -. ' By Warren Hoge 

New York T~ mes Sendee 

-.ABERYSTWYTH, Wales — LisR® 

IbaBritish weather report, and England 

3ad Wales** merge meUifluously mm a 
single place. Pick up a government social 

*V . Wewsstang Prices — Z 

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Denmaik .....14.00 DKr Oman.. — -2500* 
firiand— ...12.00 FM Qatar^lO.M W 

Gfatftar £0.85 

Great Britain.-^ 0.90 


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services document, and the cover will 
often present the two nations: as ouc. 
You want to take a train 

em Wales to the Welsh capital of Cardiff 

Sfee south? You’ll have to go back into 
England and make a connection. 

recently through making sure all 

principal highway* ™ 

“S’ Son is proposing to case te 

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government fends on ^ schwas, n 

for Scotland are 
and a new leg Labour govern- 

"KUffT legislature wtlh taxmg 


powers in Edinburgh and an assembly 
wife less sweeping authority in Wales 
was a campaign pledge of fee Labour 
Paity that Mr. Blair is hastening to fulfill 
early in his administration. The Scots 
will vote on the assembly Sept. 1 1 , and a 
referendum will be held in Wales a 
week later. 

There is no doubt that fee vote will be 
positive in Scotland, a nation wife a 
strong sense of its identity. Scotland has 
its own educational, legal and land- 
holding systems, a reputation for en- 
terprise and commercial competitive- 
ness, a rugged topography and climate 
and a brave-hearted history of com- 
bating fee English. 

Wales, on fee other hand, is less cer- 
tain of its identity and is wary of its 
frequent portrayals as a land of harp- 
smimming bards, rugby-mad lager louts 
or haid-drinking miners who live in 
towns wife unpronounceable names. It 
is approaching fee vote wife doubts. 

"What we are going to vote about is 


AGENDA 

Channel Tunnel Shuts Briefly for Alert 


more a matter of fee heart than the 
brain,” said Jan Morris, the writer, who 
lives in the northern Wales town of 
Llanystumdwy. 

“There is a great worry here, and it is 
fee apathy of fee people,” said Mona 
Moms, a member of fee town council 
and former mayor of Aberystwyth. 
"There’s that little man in the street 
who thinks, ‘Why should I bother, 
things are fine the way they are.* ** 

The last time they had fee chance, in 
1979, fee Welsh voted overwhelmingly 
against having their own legislature. But 
supporters of fee plan, like Mrs. Morris, 
are hoping altered political conditions 
will produce a different outcome this 
year. Eighteen , years ago, the Labour 
government of Prime Minister James 
Gallaghan was limping toward its ouster 
by the Conservative Party of Margaret 
Thatcher. Mr. Blair’s Labour govern- 
ment is fresh, powerful and popular and 

See WALES, Page 5 


LONDON (Reuters) — The Chan- 
nel Tunnel was closed for an hour 
Wednesday after two freight trains set 
off fixe alarms, the police said. 

Both trains were evacuated and 
searched, but no fire was found and 
nobody was injured. The alarms were 


The Dollar 


New Ywk Watwaday 9 4 P.M. previous dosa 

DM 1.S564 1.8406 

Pound 1.5935 1.606 

Yen 117.66 1 IB-185 

FF 6.2S35 6.1995 

«^||!| jfc> Wednesday dose prewousdow 
+103.13 8021.23 7918.10 


change Ufednacday C 4 P.M. previous dose 
+ 13.32 939.33 926.01 


found to be false, and fee tunnel was 
reopened. 

The incident delayed cross-channel 
Eurostar passenger services for four 
hours. Officials said the trains were 
evacuated once the alarms sounded 
but that traffic was later resumed. 


PAGE TWO 

Reporter Draws Panama's Anger 

THE AMERICAS Page 3. 

Evacuation of Volcanic Isle Begins 

ASIA/PACIRC Pane 4. 

China Launches Philippine Satellite 

Books Page 9. 

Crossword. — Page 10. 

Opinion Pages 8-9. 

Sports ........ Pages 18-19. 


The IHT on-line http://ivvviv.iht.com 



















INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


page mo 


Writing Afoul of the Law / Embarrassing Scoop 


Reporter Draws Panama’s Ire 


By Pamela Constable 

WoshinRtvn Post Service 

G USTAVO Gorriti sounds more like a Hollywood 
cliche than a working journalist. He is a weight 
lifter, karate expert and former soldier in the 
Israeli Army. He bas been kidnapped by Peruvian 
intelligence agents, has been detained while tracking Maoist 
guerrillas and used his prize money from an international 
fieedom-of-expression award to hire bodyguards. 

His Latest adventure involves trying to hold on to his job. 
The government of Panama, after enduring a year of 
embarrassing scoops by the 49 -year-old Peruvian reporter 
and editor, has canceled his 
work visa and ordered him to 
leave the country by Aug. 29. 

Mr. Goniti 's newspaper. La 
Prensa, has long been a thorn in 
the side of Panamanian author- 
ities, and played a pivotal role 
in opposing Manuel Antonio 
Noriega, the former dictator. 

But the Panam a nian author- 
ities say that Mr. Gorriti’s ex- 
pulsion order is a matter of bu- 
reaucratic prerogative, not press 
mtimidation. National labor 
laws ban foreigners from the 
management of local media, 
and officials say they are merely 
complying with the law. 

The government, however, 
may have underestimated the 
outcry its ejection order would 
cause. John le Carre, the British 
spy novelist whose latest work 
is set in Panama, blasted the 
government for “committing an 
act of blinkered folly that world 
opinion will not ignore.*' 

Mario Vargas Llosa, the Pe- 
ruvian novelist and politician, 
has fired off a personal protest 
to the Panamanian president. 

Ernesto Perez Balladares. 

The U.S. Embassy in 
Panama City put out a state- — 
meat last week saying that the n , , . . 

decision to eject “a world- Panama s decision 
class journalist such as Gust- Gorriti may hare b 

avo Gorriti raises questions » p - *\ . . !/■ 

about Panama’s commitment fJ Peruvian intelli> 
to freedom of the press." him for his critical 

Nfr. Gan-m is treating the regime of Presiden 

episode with his customary ~ 

acerbic humor, even after the 
plot took a more macabre twist last week. According to the 
Miami Herald. Panamanian authorities allegedly learned 
of a plot by Peruvian intelligence agents to assassinate Mr. 
Goniti, and may have ordered him expelled to make sure 
the deed did not occur on Panamanian soil. 

"They didn't want their lawns sprinkled with my 
brains," Mr. Gorriti said with a snicker, during a tele- 
phone interview from his home in Panama City. The 
journalist professed not to be terribly worried about the 
supposed plot, saying Peruvian intelligence forces "prob- 
ably spend hours fantasizing about ways to separate my 
soul from my body, but there is also an element of the 
Keystone Kops to them. They are evil and vicious people, 
but in a cartoonish way." 

Mr. Gorriti has long been one of the most aggressive 
critics of the Peruvian government led by President Al- 
berto Fujimori, especially of the dictatorial tactics used by 
its courts and military intelligence services. In April 1 992. 


when Mr. Fujimori staged a coup to retain power, Mr. 
Goniti, then working as Lima correspondent for El Pais, 
the leading Madrid daily, was seized by the military and 
secretly held for 36 hours. 

After being released, he went back to investigative 
reporting and hired bodyguards, paying them with money 
from a press award named after Lilli an Heilman and 
Dashiell Hammett, the gritty detective writer. But after a 
few months die pressure became too great, so he fled Peru 
and moved to Washington, where he was a visiting scholar 
ai the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and 
then to Miami, to write books and opinion pieces. 

After accepting an offer from La Prensa early last year, 
he moved with his wife and two 
young dau gh ters to Panama. 
There, Mr. Gorriti quickly be- 
came a headache for Mr. Perez 
Balladares ’s government. 


H IS most damaging 
scoop was a series of 
articles last year al- 
leging that a 
Panamanian bank was being 
used by the Cali drug cartel to 
laun der money, and that one 
Colombian trafficker had con- 
tributed $51,000 to Mr. Perez 
Balladares 's election cam- 
paign. The president vehe- 
/.vs,- mently denied it at first, but 
eventually was forced to eat his 
tx words and acknowledge the 

contribution. 

"Gustavo infuriates every- 
one. He is right out of central 
casting for an investigative re- 
porter. He's the Latin Amer- 
ican equivalent of Sy Hersh." 
said Richard Koster, an expat- 
riate American novelist and 
political activist who lives in 
Panama. He was referring to 
Seymour Hersh, who broke the 
story about the My Lai mas- 
ih.- n»iiBpinti rvm gacre in Vietnam and is a 
______________ former New York Times in- 

. vesrigative reporter. 

O expel Gustavo Enrique Zileri, who was Mr. 

en linked to a plot Gorriti’s boss for years at 

?nfe to assassinate 

eporting on the soul of a war correspondent; 

Alberto Fujimori. he ' s <“ ° f ihose jouraalisis 

~ who lives on the edge all the 

time." Mr. Zileri recalled how 
Mr. Gorriti had survived numerous brushes with danger 
while writing about the Shining Path guerrilla revolution 
in Peru during the 1 980s, which was met by brutal military 
repression. 

Indeed, Mr. Zileri joked that Mr. Goniti's pending 
expulsion order must be disappointingly tame compared 
with his previous clashes with authority. “In some ways 
this is worse, because it doesn't give one a chance to 
display heroism against one’s persecutors. It's too bu- 
reaucratic.” he said. 

In a statement released last week, the Panamanian Em- 
bassy in Washington said Mr. Gorriti had “never been the 
object of persecution by our government, nor has he ben 
intimidated or threatened in any way." The government 
"firmly supports civil liberties" and freedom of expres- 
sion, it’ said, but must also "uphold domestic labor laws.” 

"We cannot accommodate our laws to appease our 
critics." it added. 


$Mry: 


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Panama's decision to expel Gustavo 
Gorriti may have been linked to a plot 
by Peruvian intelligence to assassinate 
him for his critical reporting on the 
regime of President Alberto Fujimori 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Northwest Airlines Cutting Fares 

MINNEAPOLIS (Reuters) — Northwest Airlines said 
Wednesday that it was cutting fares up to 40 percent in a new 
program called “Everyday Deals,” which will benefit flyers 
throughout the year. 


Ever Wonder., 


. . . what's happened to the 
symbols ofthe former Brit- 
ish Empire now that Britain 
has returned Hong Kong to 
Chinese sovereignty? And 
to the grand old Legislative 
Council building and Gov- 
ernment House, the seat of 
colonial power where 
former Governor 
Chris Patten and 
his 24 prede- 
cessors lived and 
entertained their 
guests behind the imposing 
iron gates? 

Ever wonder who has re- 
placed Queen Elizabeth fl 
on the stamps and coins? 

Look out for the bauhin- 
ia, the flower that sym- 
bolizes the new Hong 
Kong Special Administra- 
tive Region. 

If you’re lucky, you can 
still find coins bearing the 
face of QE II; they are 
already collectors' items. 


Government House is 
likely to become a public 
art gallery, though the name 
plaque, temporarily ob- 
scured by creeping vines, is 
still there. 

One thing that hasn’t 
changed is Hong Kong's 
simple entry procedures. 

So if you didn’t 
Ly need a visa to 
come to Hong 
Kong before, 
and most na- 
tionalities don't, then you 
still won't need one now. 

Victoria Park is one of 
the few places that will 
change its name, to Cause- 
way Bay Park, named after 
the area where it is located. 
But look carefully and 
you’ll see that the monarch 
of old still surveys the park 
from her lofty perch, in 
Hong Kong, where won- 
ders never cease. 

hxtp://www. hkta . org 


Heat K«V 

wonders never ceas 


Sponsored by the Hong Kong Tourist Association. 



The fourth-largest U.S. carrier said it was slashing fares by 
up to 40 percent on its 21 -day advance purchase tickets and 
about 30 percent on its 14-day and 7-day advance fares. 

Round-trip fares between Minneapolis and New Orleans, 
for example, would fall to $398 from $661. That price would 
require a 21 -day advance purchase and a stay over Saturday 
night. 

The carrier said that normal fares had jumped 62 percent 
during the last four years. 

Suharto Approves Longest Bridge 

JAKARTA (AP) — President Suharto has approved a plan 
to build the world’s longest bridge, across the Strait of 
Malacca between the' Indonesian island of Sumatra and 
Malaysia, his daughter said Wednesday. The cost of the 
project has not yet been determined, said Siti HediatL 

At its narrowest, the Strait of Malacca is 50 kilometers (30 
miles) wide. A bridge over that portion would be nearly four 
limes longer than the Seto Obashi in Japan, which holds the 
record for being the longest bridge at 13.2 kilometers. 

Quautas Doubles Flights to China 

SYDNEY (AP) — Qantas will double flights between 
China and Australia to four a week. 

Qantas offers a Sydney- Shanghai -Beijing route each Sun- 
day, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, returning from China on 
the following days. 

Some international flights to the Israeli resort of Eilat 
will be diverted to Jordan 's nearby Aqaba airport next month 
ahead of a joint airport agreement, an official said Wednesday. 
Aqaba and Eilat are both Red Sea resorts. [AFP) 

m 2 More Die in Falls 

While Climbing Alps 

The Associated Press 

OBERSTDORF, Germany 
t» piaaauao nriwukn. — Two more climbers have 
tu rrm aeu, an ** comxt died in the Alps, raising to 

INTERHHTONALroMMNY the OUmbef 

services (irelandi cto killed so Tar in the moii ntai n- 
1 09 1 o«e* Bagflot svmi. climbing season this summer, 

Tel: £SnSi 8490 the ipolice said W^nesday. 

Fax: +353 1 661 8493 °° e "“J after * 

E-Mail: irWnfo@id.coo, cas P t Bavanan border 

police said, while the other 
fell 200 meters (660 feet). 



l<n-u WjihahV Igrarr Frmr«-M*& 

British NATO soldiers taking positions Wednesday in Banja Luka to protect against Bosnian Serb hard-finePs. 

NATO Guards Serb Police Stations s 


CotnpdrdbrOnr Staff From Dtspmcba 

BANJA LUKA, Bosnia, — Heavily 
armed NATO troops surrounded police 
stations here Wednesday to back the 
Bosnian Serb president in her bid to 
assert authority over her hard-line 
rivals. 

About 350 British and Czech troops in 
armored vehicles rolled down the streets 
of Banja Luka and deployed around four 
police stations and a police academy, the 
NATO-led Stabilization Force’ or 
SFOR, said. 

“SFOR met no resistance. SFOR is in 
control,” Major John Blakeley, a 
spokesman, told reporters in Sarajevo. 
"We have deployed sufficient resources 
to meet any anticipated requirements." 

The extraordinary action was taken on 
“mutual agreement” between Western 
envoys and President Biljana Plavsic, 
who met late on Tuesday to discuss the 
increasingly tense power struggle, the 
office of the High Representative to Bos- 


nia, Carlos Westendorp. said, Mrs. 
Plavsic has been fighting for months to 
gain control over the security apparatus 
run by hard-liners loyal to Radovan 
Karadzic, the former president and in- 
dicted warcriminaL 

At midday. Mrs. Plavsic paid a tri- 
umphant visit to the main police station 
in Banja Luka, where her newly ap- 
pointed commanders assumed their 
posts. 

International Police Task Force of- 
ficers earlier entered the police stations 
and found large quantities of unauthor- 
ized weapons, including machine guns, 
rocket launchers and mines, the deputy 
commander, Werner Sebum, told report- 
ers. 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 
zation had to bring in extra trucks to cart 
away all the weapons seized.at the police 
stations. 

Western officials said the arms caches 
indicated that hard-line police may have 


been preparing to strike back at Mis. 
Plavsic. '*2 

NATO officials and Western dipl<£ 
mats said the move was the result of {fr 
appeal by Mrs. Plavsic late Tuesday rp 
Robert Gelbard, the U.S. envoy, and wt 
top international official in Bosnia, Can- 
tos Westendorp. ■ > 

NATO troops had disarmed Cpo? 
Plavsic police unit on Sunday, 
had moved into the central Ipolice^p^ 
in violation of new NATO rule^Siat' 
however, left Mrs. Plavsic 
sources said. ’"' V- l 

Simon Haselock, a spokesman forMn 
Westendorp, said an investigation had; 
turned up proof of criminal activity 
the pro-Karadzic police, including wiref 
tapping. | 

With Banja Luka now firmly undefr 
Mrs. Plavsic' S authority, . international 
police officers hinted that .similar, opf 
" efations would W conducted elsewhere to 
the Bosnia. Serb Republic. (Reuters, APjf 


Iran’s Parliament Approves Cabinet Easily . 


Reuters 

TEHRAN — The 22 ministers in the 
cabinet of President Mohammed 
Khatami easily won a vote of confidence 
in Iran's Parliament on Wednesday. 

The speaker of Parliament, All Akbar 
Naieq-Nouri, read out the results of a 
secret ballot, which showed that a ma- 
jority of the 266 deputies present sup- 
ported all ministers. These included two 
nominees who were attacked by con- 
servatives in two days of debate. 

In a message read to the conservative- 
led Majlis, or Parliament, after the vote, 
Mr. Khatami thanked the deputies for 
their support. The president, who was 
sworn into office on Aug. 4 after a 


landslide election victory in May. has 
promised to carry out social and eco- 
nomic reforms. 

During the parliamentary debate, be 
spoke out strongly in favor of Ayatollah 
Mohajerani and AbdoUah Nouri, his 
controversial nominees for the Culture 
Ministry and the Interior Ministry. 

Mr. Mohajerani received 144 votes 
and Mr. Nouri 153. 

Conservatives accused Mr. Mohajer- 
ani of being a "liberal" threatening the 
future of the Islamic republic and Mr. 
Nouri of showing disloyalty toward 
Iran’s supreme spiritual leader, Ayatol- 
lah Ali Khamenei. 

Mr. Mohajerani was repeatedly crit- 


WEATHER 


icized for advocating talks ; with 
United States in 1990 and for his 
erate views. Tehran has had no re 
with Washington since 1980 
He told the deputies that he was 
eram in the same way that, he said, Jsl 
was tolerant to different viewpoints-. 

On Tuesday the nominee was area 
by one deputy of being too "culturally 
tolerant and politically weak=vis-a-vty 
the West" >1- : i 

The president responded to th'eattack* 
"What Mohajerani said today are ray 
own ideas. Whatever was said against 
him was said against me before the elec|. 
non and do not forger that the peopI« 
chose my view." ! 



Europe 
T5 

Mgh 

C/F 

Mgava 27/80 

AfiMtodam £7/80 
Ankara 22/71 

Athens £4/75 

Barcelona 27/80 

Betonda 2*82 

Barfin 2*82 

Brussels 27780 

Budapest 28/82 

Copenhagen 25/77 

Goals Dm Sol 3V98 
OuHM 21/70 

EdMnrgh 21/70 

Honence 28/82 

FianMun 28/82 

Geneva 2*82 

Hafcsto 22/71 

Istanbul 2*77 

fov 22/71 

UsPBfew £*34 . 

Laban 2*79 

London 2W» 

fttadnd 35/93 

Mdorca JT/88 

Mian 27/80 

Ltoecow £1/70 

Murteh 24/75 

Mm 2*79 : 

Odo 2*79 

Pens 3*88 

Prague 2079 

Revfcpv* 1*81 

Riga 2*75 

Rome 3*88 

Si Petersburg 2tV8fl 
Stodhokn £4/75 

Strasboug 31/88 

TaBnn 22/71 

Tbfet £7/80 1 

Venice 2*79 ; 

Vienna 2802 1 

Wain* 2700 1 

2iwkt l 27/80 ’ 

Mddle East 


Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by AccuWeatrtar. 


High Lew W 
OF OF 
27/80 1»tt) 

M/79 17/02 pc 
22/71 7/44 pc 

2*82 1*60 pc 

2*79 18/84 pc 
£7/80 13/55 pc 
24/75 14/57 pc 
2*79 I 7/62 pc 
£7/80 1*61 oh 
23/73 14/57 pc 
£8/84 21/70 a 
24/75 17/8? pa 
21/70 14/57 pc 
2*84 15m pc 
£4/75 13/55 pc 
27/80 14/57 pc 
23/73 14/57 pc 
277BO 1*04 th 
£1 j 7Q IE/53 pc 
2*79 2*68 pc 
2*79 18/64 1 
2*8£ 18/64 pc 
Ml 17/82 eh 
31/88 1*04 pc 
2*84 1*64 pc 
20*88 12/53 pc 
23/73 14/57 pc 
2*82 2*68 pc 
24/75 1*81 pc 
£7/80 16/51 pc 
26/77 13/66 pc 
14/57 7/44 c 
2*73 1*61 s 
2*82 18/34 pc 
21/70 17/82 pc 
23/73 15/59 pa 
2*04 17762 pc 
22 m 16/59 pc 
2*82 17702 eh 
2*79 1 8/04 pc 
25/77 14*57 eh 
23/73 i£7S3 eh 
27/80 1*61 pc 






AMiOheb 

Sem4 

Cairo 

CwmaecM 

Jerusalem 


43/109 2*04 £ 42/107 2*84 r 
2*79 IBM a 27/8(1 21/70 PC 


33/91 1*00 9 
31/88 13/5S c 
28/79 1*55* 


32/89 1*60 pc 
30/86 14/57* 
£7/80 15/58 pe 


K/J Uiwooeonafl/y IUU Unseasonably fo 
jtefeuw. feSa 0 * 1 E 

North America Europe 

A Storm will produce rainy Pleasantry warm and dry 
and very cool weallier lor weather from Vienna to me 
much of tfte No/meast Fn- Balkans Friday rhrough 
day. Drier air will move in Sunday. Damp and cool 
Ibis weekend, bur n will with showery rains near 
remain cool. High pressure the Black Sea mto nonhem 
will dominate In the Mid- Turkey. After a brief break 
west with nice weaiher. from the heal, Madrid will 
Hoi and dry In tha South- get hot again. Nice <n Lon- 
mesl. bur there will be a don Friday, but cooler this 
lew monsoonsl thunder- weekend with a tew show- 
storms. ers. 


North America 


Anchorage 

Atlanta 

Boston 

Ctacano 

Date 

Denver 

Cmw 
Honolulu 
Houston 
Los Angelas 

Marry 


Asia 

Wei across northeasrem 
Manchuria, southeastern 
Russia and nonham Japan 
Friday and Saturday. Dry- 
ing oul there Sunday. Hot 
and humid in Beijinq and 
Tokyo with scattered ‘itxm- 
derstorms. Hor in western 
Cnina. Rainy weaiher will 
aHeci northern Vietnam. 
Laos and southeastern 
China near Hainan 


Today 

Tomorrow 


Today 


nrge 






LowW 

HU 




CIF 

OF 


OF 

OF 

C/F 

CIF 

17/02 

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1**i 

1*50 PC 

Mnraapcfe 

23/73 






2*62 

17162 pe 

Mot* met 

15/59 

14/57 r 

22/71 




29/77 

16*1 c 

ftoSMU 

3389 






21/70 

11(52 pc 

New Yort. 

24YT5 






J2/W 

20 KB pc 

Ortando 

34/93 






31/SB 

13^55 pc 

PTtoiwh 

4PH07 






22.-71 

1*50 pc 

San Fran 

£3/73 





23/73 pc 

32789 

24.75 pe 

SeaoJp 

23/73 






34«» 

21/70 pc 

Torotwi 

17/62 






33/91 

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33/91 

£4/75 pe 


27/80 

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2*79 

16*1 pe 


Alnwy 

Be* 

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Bontiay 

Calcutta 

Ctnan^Ust 

CokuiSm 

Hanoi 

Ho Cry Mnh 

Hong Kong 

btamabad 

■Jakarta 

Karadi 

K Lumpur 

K Kinabalu 

Morula 

NawDefty 

Phnom Penh 

Plate 

Rangoon 

SeoU 

Shanghai 

Scigapwa 

Taqwi 

Tokyo 

Vusmiana 


Atom 

i-apaTown 

Ca&nUanea 

Harare 

Lapis 

Noaeto 

Tunis 


Today 

High LowW 
CIF CIF 
37796 18/84 S 
30/86 21/70 s 
31/86 £4/75 1 
31/88 £3/73 pc 
2*82 £4/75 r 
2«B4 21T73 r 
31/88 2271 sh 
£*84 24/75 c 
31/88 24/75 pc 
3K86 2373 r 
2W84 24/75 r 
3W1CG 27/801 
31/88 22/71 a 
3*95 2*82 pc 
3S89 32m pc 
32/W £2/71 pc 
3*66 23/73r 
32/89 23/73 pc 
31/86 £4/75 f 
31/88 24/75 I 
2*84 23/73 r 
32/B9 22/71 pc 
32/89 25/77 pc 
31/68 22/71 pc 
33/91 25/77 pc 
28/82 23/73 c 
X/B6 21/70 sh 


34/93 1*66s 
*5/59 *46 pc 

2*79 17/62 s 
27/BO 11/52 a 
£*82 22/71 pc 
£*79 liVSOpe 
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32/89 1906 a 
30/88 SS/71 s ' 
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34/93 £4/75 c 
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33/91 £6/79 c 
29/84 24/76 C 
32/89 23/73 pp, 
32/89 26/79‘fc 
31/88 23/73 pp 
33/91 2*79 pc 
20/84 26/79 > di' 
29/84 £3/73 C., 


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1*84 8/48 to, 

£4/75 1«K- 
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Latin America 

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Caracas 2*79 19/56 ah 77/80 SOWS pa 

Lima 20/88 17/62 pc £ 1/70 17/82 pe 

MancoOly £ 3/73 13 /££ e 24/76 13 / 56 1 . 
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Oceania , 

A*K*dand 1040 7744 r 11/52 4/39 pe* 

Sydnav 17/62 *48 pc 17/SB 9WI*, 


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63 U.S. Eavesdropp ing 
Told of Castro’s Fri ght 

Cables After Kennedy Death Monitored 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUS T 21, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


PAGE 3 


By George Lardner Jr. 

Washington Post Service 

5255®™^ N - President Fidel 
. Castro of Cuba appeared ‘ ‘frightened if 
tenified” after the assassination of 
.^rea^nt John Kennedy because he felt 
^might trigger a U.S. invasion of his 
j£lancL 

‘ 'x assessraent was sent on Nov. 27, 

k a European nation by one of its 

\ TM* 1 * *? Havana and intercepted by the 
* ‘S&toonal Security Agency. The two- 
IPage report was one of dozens of se- 
►gmty agency documents made public 
* wee ^ by the Assassination Records 

■ ? ev iew ®°ard, a tiny agency set up 
■three years ago to try to ob tain and make 
;pnblic all records related to the 1963 
^Kennedy assassination. 

""^According to one document, late in 
;J963 the agency was intercepting an 
fjgyerage of 1 ,000 messages a day. After 
f Presidenr Kennedy’s murder in Dallas, 
;U; initiated a computer search of all 
•Available Signals Intelligence traffic, 
,^$ing the name of the accused assassin, 
;Iee Harvey Oswald, as tbe main ref- 
•Spence point All U.S.-Cuba traffic also 
‘■w^s examined. 

C*The two-page report on Castro’s re- 
fction analyzed the Cuban leader’s tele- 

y ‘«sed speech on the evening of Nov. 23, 
•1963, in the aftermath of reports about 
Mr. Oswald's acres t, his pro-Castro cre- 
dentials and his preassassination at- 
tempts to get a visa to Cuba. By nightfall 
on Nov. 22, the day President Kennedy 
was murdered, Cuban army and navy 
units, security agency records show, had 
already been dispatched to beef up stra- 
tegic positions around Havana and on 
the north coast of the island 
. • _On television, “Fidel, emotional and 
uneasy, tried to refute the accusations 
which were then appearing and to twist 
them so that the assassination would 


t . 

' * 


appear as the work of the ultra reaction, 
of the extreme racists of the Pentagon 
who are fanatical supporters of war 
against Cuba and the Soviet Union," the 
security agency-intercepted dispatch 

“Although it was only the third time 
I had witnessed a speech by Fidel,” the 
European agent reported, “1 got the 
immediate impression that on this oc- 
casion he was frightened, if not ter- 
rified-” 

In a 1978 Top Secret memo prompted 
by the House assassination committee’s 
inquiries, however, the security agency 
said; “A thorough review has revealed 
no intelligence material revealing or 
suggesting Cuban involvement in the 
assassination of President Kennedy.” 

Several of the security agency doc- 
uments were so sensitive that the review 
board summarized them in its own 
words. One of these, from January 1964, 
dealt with reactions of foreign leaders, 
who, tbe intercepts said, tended by then 
to regard tbe assassination as ‘ ‘the work 
of a radical fanatic rather t han a con- 
spiracy.” 

Other intercepts reflect a similar pro- 
gression in tbe t hinkin g of John Me - 
Cloy, a member of the "Warren Com- 
mission. The first, a Dec. 4, 1963, 
message from a European who had been 
speaking with Mr. McCloy. quoted him 
as stating “dial he has serious doubts of 
the credibility of the investigation to 
date.” 

Mr. McCloy, the message continued, 

‘ ‘does not eliminate the possibility that 
die attempt on Kennedy was made by 
two persons.” 

By late January 1964, however, Mr. 
McCloy, in a conversation with an East 
European official, said that “from ma- 
terials at his disposal, he was more and 
more convinced that Oswald committed 
the crime by himself. ” 



I A-' . r ~*V V- . 




, *>*;**? * 



WDr tiilVni^rwIfrltlrp 

Lieutenant Ian Lower of the HMS Liverpool gesturing to a Montserrat port official as the evacuation began. 

Britain Starts to Evacuate Volcano Isle 


Reuters 

LONDON — Britain on Wednesday 
began the voluntary evacuation of the 
Caribbean island of Montserrat, which 
has lost major parts of its habitable areas 
to volcanic eruptions. 

“It is an orderly evacuation and 
people are not leaving in huge numbers, * ’ 
a Foreign Office spokesman said 

Those fleeing the volcano on the Brit- 
ish colony were being taken by local 
ferries to the neighboring islands of 
Antigua and Guadeloupe, where they 
will be looked after until they decide on 
permanent homes. 

The operation was being marshaled 
by the British warship HMS Liverpool 
and there was no indication of how 






t; { 


Tony’&Ukfl/'nir tooattrd ftoa 

■ A poBcemandutehH^ his gim as te is carried the ate ofaslKX)t-oid on the New Hampdiire- Vermont border. 

handicapped sister by slashing her throat was executed in 

Awav From Politics iowa by injection. <ap> 


A way From Politics 

• A man with a grudge against a judge kilted her, two 
; state troopers and a newspaper editor during a three-hour 
rampage m that ended when he was killed in a shoot-out m 
NewHampshire. Four law officers were wounded. {&*) 

• A man who terrorized a couple in 1987, raped their 
pregnant teenage daughter and killed her 12 -year-old 


• After studies showed jet pilots were being worked 

dangerously hard, tfae U.S. Air Force sharply curtailed the 
number of major flight competitions and canceled a large 
training program. (NYT) 

• A Seattle grand jury indicted six Canadians in a plot to 
defraud older Americans with illegal lottery tickets, f AP) 


FBI Checks Rights Violations in Texas Prison 


The Associated Press 

HOUSTON — A videotape showing 
guards kicking inmates in the groin, 

vestigation into possible civil rights vi- 
^T^videotape, shot by a . Braz ^j a 

Sates and ™ on 
television Tuesday . 


IUI/ VWUVMMW— — , 

from what I hear, were appalling. 
Governor George Bush saul “The law 
will rule. Let’s get the facts on the 

table.” . j 

The videotape bas led Missouri to 
terminate its contract to house 415 in- 
mates in the Brazoria County Detention 
Center in Angleton, about 40 miles (65 
kilometers) south of Houston. 

The tape showed a dog attacking at 
least two inmates, one of whom 


screamed in pain as he was bitten cm the 
leg. It also showed a stun gun being used 
on at least one inmate, deputies in riot 
gear dragging an inmate with a broken 
ankle by his arm and at least one prisoner 
kicked in the crotch while crawling. 

An FBI spokesman, Rolando Moss, 
acknowledged Tuesday that the agency 
was investigating the SepL 18, 1996, 
incident, but refused to elaborate. The 
FBI will give its findings to the U.S. 
attorney’s office, he said. 


AMERICAN 
- TOPICS 

For $400,000, This Sculpture Is Too Arch 

i‘ „ . _ _ c _aii Knt vocal group of critics is 

3SU SCTipture *“ resembles 
• ■•tew £ j-s " sars 

: Wime Brown, am 

' unimpressed. ^ oa its toes to show “the 

; The sculpture — a M —would stand near 

; motion ofthefoote®^^S« was destn>ye d m the 
the site of an “d San Fnmras^ s 

■ Simpson said. .. ^ ^ visualizing a fa* 

of dolte but warned to 


drawing and “give the foot a fair shot.” Perhaps, he said, tt 
may look merely “like a $100,000 foot” For that price, said 
Mr Sim p*™, who wants to build the sculpture in marble or 
granite, the mayor might have to settle for tin — or something 
i nflatable As it stands, the foot remains up in the air. 

Short Takes 

The best place for a college party has moved from 
Florida to tbe hills of Appalachia, it seems. West Virginia 
University, in Morgantown, is rated the nation’s top party 
school in a survey by The Princeton Review. Last year s top 
naitv school Florida State University, dropped to sixth m 
Kmual survey, behind WVU, te .University of Wit- 
consin-Madison, State University of New York at Albany, 
the University of Colorado-Boulder and Trinity College in 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

Instead of a rain of white rice after the wedding 
^monv it was a fragile fluttering of butterflies, their 
ShS beating orange and black. “It was fabulous,” said 
DiS Doherty of Longmcadow, Massachusetts, who freed 
fii^Smonarehs at her daughter’s wedding. The prac- 


m any of the 4,000 to 5,000 remaining 
islanders were likely to want to leave. 

But Antigua, which bas already seen 
its population of 65,000 swollen by the 
arrival of more than 4,000 Montsenatians 
over the past two years, is now asking for 
financial aid to deal with die refugees. 

“We want to be helpful to the Mont- 
serratians and to the British government 
but at the same time the British gov- 
ernment must help us.” Ronald 
Sanders, London-based high commis- 
sioner of Antigua and Barbuda, said. 

Antigua has asked Britain to build 
houses, schools and pay for more teach- 
ers to relieve the overcrowding caused 
by the refugees, who have been arriving 
at a rale of SO a day. 


It fears that most of the Montser- 
ratians will opt to stay in Antigua, which 
is close enough to see Montserrat on a 
clear day but safe from the volcano, 
which has left all but the north of Mont- 
serrat off-limits. 

The Foreign Office said it was con- 
sidering Antigua’s needs as a matter of 
urgency. 

The remaining islanders are crammed 
into the north, away from the volcano in 
the Soufriere Hills in the south, but even 
the safety of that area is no longer guar- 
anteed. 

British officials stressed that the main 
reason for the evacuation was because 
die north was becoming unbearably 
overcrowded. 


Donor Says He ‘Bought 5 
Official Talks for Chinese 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Democratic 
donor Johnny Chung said he arranged a 
meeting between a Chinese petrochem- 
ical industry official and Hazel 
O’Leary, who then was Energy Sec- 
retary, after giving $25,000 to her fa- 
vorite charity. 

In an interview on NBC. Mr. Chung 
said be made the donation to Africans at 
the request of a lobbyist and an Energy 
Department official working with Ms. 
O’Leary. “It will be nice if you make 
your donation to Africare.” Mr. Chung 
quoted the two as saying. The orga- 
nization promotes economic develop- 
ment and health care in rural Africa. 

Later, Mr. Chung said a man who 
described himself as an Energy De- 
partment official came by to pick up the 
check. ‘ ‘One gentleman presented him- 
self as the Energy Department official 
and said, T'ra here to pick it up. (he 
$25,000 check.’ ” Mr. Chung said. 


Mr. Chung, a California business- 
man, is a key figure in congressional 
investigations of illegal campaign dona- 
tions by foreigners, mainly Chinese, 
who allegedly tried to buy favors from 
the White House. 

Mr. Chung's request for a meeting 
was relayed by the Democratic Party 
chairman, Don Fowler, according to 
Carmen MacDoagaJJ, a spokeswoman 
for the Department of Energy. Later, Ms. 
O’Leary posed for pictures with a group 
of 10 to 12 Chinese businessmen on Ocl 
19. 1995. Ms. MacDougall said. 

Ms. O'Leary had met at least one of 
the businessmen on a trade mission to 
China, Ms. MacDougall said. She said 
the official who arranged die meeting 
denied requesting any donation to Afri- 
care. But Ms. MacDougall also said that 
Ms. O’Leary’s successor. Energy Sec- 
retary Federico Pena, takes the alle- 
gations seriously and bas referred them 
to the department’s inspector general. 


POLITICAL NOT 


Democrats Seeking 
Electoral Winners 

SOPERTON, Georgia — If 
Democrats are going to recapture 
the House next year, they will need 
more candidates like die Georgia 
State Court judge. John Ellington. 

“I’m a Georgia Democrat,” the 
enthusiastic 36-year-old said as be 
sal in his chambers in the red-brick 
Treutlen County Court House in 
this small south Georgia town. ‘ ‘On 
social issues, 1 "m as conservative as 
any Republican.” 

In short, he is just the person 
party officials believe can unseat 
the two-term representative, C. 
Saxby Chambliss, one of the 40 or 
so House Republicans the Demo- 
crats are targeting for defeat. And 
15 months before the election, Mr. 
Ellington, swayed by an aggressive 
recruiting effort, has agreed to run. 

In 1998, Democratic officials do 
not want to wake up after the elec- 
tion with the same feeling they had 
last year, that their failure to find 
enough good candidates helped 
marginal Republican contenders 
slip into office. Jn the end. tbe 
Democrats fell just short of regain- 
ing the House despite a multimil- 
lion-dollar barrage of negative tele- 
vision ads and voter antipathy 
toward congressional Republicans. 

Democrats say they have learned 
their lesson. To find the strongest 
challengers this time. Democrats 
are stressing what they call “re- 
search-based recruiting” — using 
demographic data to build a profile 
of the type of candidate who would 
be best-placed to win a particular 
district. Once that profile is cast, 
they set our to find a person who 
matches it. (WP ) 

A Happy Birthday 
For Mr. President 

EDGARTOWN, Massachusetts 
— A year ago thousands of people 
paid a total of $10 million to the 
Democrats for the privilege of 
either celebrating President Bill 
Clinton's 50th birthday with him or 
watching the celebration via satel- 
lite in remote places across the 
country. 

But with his last presidential cam- 
paign behind him, Mr. Clinton opted 
to make his 5 1 st birthday Tuesday a 
strictly invitation-only affair here in 
the weathered gentility of Martha’s 
Vineyard elite society, where he has 
retreated for vacation. 

The president spent a quiet day 
with his family on the 20-acre (8- 
hectare) estate where they are stay- 
ing. and attended a party in his 
honor Tuesday night at the 19th- 
century farmhouse of the actors. 
Ted Danson and Mary Steenbur- 
gen, close friends of the Clintons'. 
There were some 75 guests there, 
including Carly Simon, William 
Styron, Merv Griffin and Katharine 
Graham. 

The president, appearing briefly 
before reporters, was asked how he 
felt about getting a year older. He 
said, "I feel very blessed, and I’m 
very fortunate to be here. As far as I 
know. I’m in good health, and the 
country’s doing well.” (NYT) 


Supervision Blamed in Valujet Crash 

‘Failures All Up and Down the Line, ’ U.S. Safety Board Concludes 


By Matthew L. Wald 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — A fire begun and 
nourished by oxygen generators was the 
cause of the crash of a ValuJet plane in 
tile Florida Everglades 15 months ago, 
but ultimately the accident occurred be- 
cause of supervisory failures by the air- 
line and by tbe Federal Aviation Ad- 
ministration, according to tbe National 
Transportation Safety Board. 

James Hall chairman of tbe safety 
board, said, "The ValuJet accident re- 
sulted from failures all up and down tbe 
line, from federal regulators to airline 
executives in the board room to workers 
on the shop room floor.” 

The crash killed all 110 people 
aboard. 

The aviation agency has taken some 
corective actions. But board members 
said Tuesday that some steps, like re- 
quiring smoke detectors ana fire sup- 
pression systems in cargo holds, were 
not being carried out fast enough and in 
some other areas tbe agency was simply 
not acting. 

It has been clear for months that the 


ValuJet plane crashed because oxygen 
generators from three other planes ac- 
tivated in flight after being improperly 
packed by a contractor and loaded in the 
cargo hold of the jet. 

The safety board gave new details on 
Tuesday of how the generators bad 
started a fire that reached over 2.000 
degrees Fahrenheit, hot enough to melt 
aluminum and steel. 

But in its final meeting on the crash 
Tuesday, the board’s main finding was 
that the system of self-checking within 
the industry, and of government sur- 
veillance to ensure that ip »Iity control 
were in place, had fallen a, in th 
case of ValuJet- And ValuJ* ■. . -ed 
supervision most, board rr .-mbers said, 
because it did not use the traditional 
system of performing its own main- 
tenance work, but instead fanned out 
almost everything. 

Most of the technicians who first mis- 
handled the generators, as they were 
removed from other planes, were not 
ValuJet employees or even employees 
of the repair shop that the airline had 
hired; they were contractors hired by the 
shop. Two-thirds of them were unli- 


censed. 

ValuJet had only one employee to 
check the work of the technicians, so it 
hired two other individuals on tempor- 
ary contracts to help monitor the tech- 
nicians. 

A better-established airline, board 
experts said, w uld ha ve had three com- 
pany employe> monitor •• each shift 

An aviation agency i. ctor who 
was supposed to check ic repair 
shop, Sabretech, had 1 1 .ier shops to 
supervise as well several small air- 
lines. 

Anoihei federal inspe^ 1 ch .ge 
■ )fValuJe*n-'untenaiice 1 recogn dthat 
th«* airfinj had problems but did not 
bother with c bretech because it was 
not owned by VaJuJeL The two in- 
spectors seldom spoke to each other 
about VaJuJeL 

A single licensed mechanic with Sab- 
retech, who probably worked noi much 
more than eight hours a day, signed off 
on the work of 72 people who worked 
around the clock, the board's inves- 
tigators said. A board member sugges- 
ted it was not possible for one mechanic 
to have overseen all such work. 


tice is not cheap' — Mrs. Doherty spent $500— but breeders 
say sales are soaring as people catch on to the idea of using 
monarchs or yellow-and-black eastern tiger swallowtails to 
add beauty, mysticism and a touch of whimsy to weddings, 
birthdays or other occasions. The butterflies are shipped 
overnight, arriving in envelopes that participants open. 
Though some animal rights groups have protested, growers 
insist they take care in feeding and packing butterflies. 

InBriefe 

Fall is the biggest selling season for male underwear; 
last year, 2.5 milli on pounds (1.1 million kilograms) of 
men’s briefs were sold. With stakes that high, one of die 
biggest manufacturers. Fruit of the Loom, has decided to 
spend $2 million to offer a pair of its briefs — a 3-inch- wide 
(7. 5 -centimeter- wide) pair — in each copy of the SepL 4 
Roiling Stone magazine. The ad company behind the 
campaign, Laughlin/Consiable of Milwaukee, has found in 
its test runs that people like to put the mini-briefs on their 
hands and walk than around or use them as soda can 
holders. 

Brian Knowlton 








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PAGE 4 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


China Targets Corruption 

Children of the Elite Get Harsh Punishments 


By Rone Tempest 

Lai Angeles Times Service 


BELTING — He was one of China’s flash- 
iest young playboys, sporting around the cap- 
ital in a BMW and using connections 
provided by his powerful father tocut dubious 
business deals and entertain hundreds of 
guests at lavish banquets. 

Now Chen Xiaotong is in prison, serving a 
12-year sentence for accepting bribes and 
“diverting public funds,” officials of the 
Beijing court system said Tuesday. 

As the ruling Communist Party prepares 
for a critical party congress next month. Mr. 
Chen, son of the disgraced former Beijing 
party chief and Politburo member, Chen 
Xitong, is being held up by the Communist 
leadership as an example of its determination 
to eliminate widespread abuse of power by 
the sons and daughters of the elite. 

Opinion polls list official corruption and 
nepotism by party officials as one of the main 
public complaints against the country's lead- 
ership. As it prepares to enter its second half- 
century of rule, marked by the 15th party 
congress next month, the party leadership is 
intent on showing it is serious about cracking 
down on corruption. 

According to a Beijing Supreme Court 
spokesman. Chen Xiaotong. 41, was sentenced 
in a closed hearing June 28 to six years in 
prison for accepting bribes and seven years in 
prison for mis use of public funds. According to 
the spokesman, the sentence was rounded 
down to 12 years. Mr. Chen was also deprived 
of his political rights for three years. 

The sentence, although substantial, was 
still less than those given by Chinese courts in 
many political cases. Chen Xiaotong was 
convicted for his involvement in a scheme 
that allegedly involved the misappropriation 
of more than S24 million in public funds. 

The celebrated political dissident, Wei Jin- 
sheng. was sentenced in late 1 995 to a 14-year 
prison term for his writings advocating de- 
mocracy. In 1979, Mr. Wei was sentenced to 
a 15-year term for "counter-revolutionary” 
writings that would be considered mild op- 
position by most international standards. 

And last year, a student political activist, 
Wang Dan. an organizer of the 1989 student 
democracy movement in Tiananmen Square. 


received a 12 -year sentence on charges of 
"subverting the state." His alleged crimes 
included taking a correspondence course 
from the University of California. 

The Chen corruption case is important be- 
cause it is one of two recent high-profile pros- 
ecutions of China’s “princelings" — the name 
used to describe the privileged children of the 
Communist Party leadership. Former president 
of a Chinese- Japanese hixuxy hotel here,, Chen 
Xiaotong was notorious far accepting bribes in 
exchange for purported political favors. 

According to a rare expose in the Chinese 
press — a 1995 article in Southern Weekend, 
a Communist Party newspaper published in 
Guangdong Province — Mr. Chen reportedly 
demanded $93,000 to arrange an audience 
with a senior government official. He also 
reportedly diverted money to his father’s mis- 
tress and helped her escape to Hong Kong 
when the corruption scandal broke two years 
ago after the suicide of a Beijing deputy 
mayor implicated in the case. 

Mr. Chen was detained in 1995, but details 
of his prosecution and sentencing were not 
publicly revealed until Tuesday. 

In another high-profile case, Zhou Beifang, 
son of a senior industrialist and infl u ential 
party member, was sentenced to prison last 
year" for graft His father, Zhou Goanwu, 
longtime chairman of the massive Beijing 
steelworks, Capital Iron and Steel, and a 
crony of the late Chinese leader, Deng Xiao- 
ping, was forced to resign after his son’s 
arrest. 

Significantly, the government’s harshest 
punishment in the corruption crackdown has 
been reserved for sons of prominent fathers. 

Chen Xitong, the former mayor and Com- 
munist Party chief in Beijing who ruled the 
capital for 12 years, and the chief of Capital 
Iron and Steel, Mr. Zhou, are both reportedly 
under house arrest. According to Reuters, 
internal party documents link both of them to 
corruption cases involving millions of dollars 
in misappropriated public funds. 

So far, however, the government has not 
announced any criminal prosecution or sen- 
tencing of the two fathers. Critics contend that 
the true test of the government’s — and the 
Communist Party leadership's — seriousness 
in rooting out corruption will come when men 
of this level take the fall. 



M&e ClwfetfAgeooe fiance^rcsw 

NO WELCOME — Protesters outside the Hong Kong 
legislature holding signs urging the repatriation of Viet- 
namese “boat people.” A legislature motion adopted Wed- 
nesday urged the end of the “first port of asylum" policy. 


Fighting in Cambodia 
Spills Over Into Thailand 





The Associated Press 

CHONG CHOM PASS, Thailand — 
Factional fighting in Cambodia spilled 
across the border Wednesday into Thai- 
land as shells struck a Thai village. 

No one was hurt in the village, but 
Thai soldiers who had been put on alert 
as the fi ghting neared the border took 
shelter inside bunkers. In Cambodia, 
government troops tried to destroy a 
resistance artillery base at the nearby 
village of O’Smach while shells 
thundered along the frontier. 

Two rockets landed about 275 meters 
inside Thailand, p rom pting the Thais to 
fire two warning shots back across the 
border. Mortar rounds hit the center of a 
small village a few hundred yards from 
Thailand, leading Thai commanders to 
call for reinioiceiiients. 

As many as 5,000 troops loyal to the 
deposed co-prime minister. Prince 
Norodom Ranariddh, were spread 
across a 25 -kilometer (15-mile) front, 
according to Boonthon Yen, an official 
from Prince Ranariddh's party. 

The government of Hun Sen, who 
ousted the prince in a coup last month, 
has massed 7,000 troops at O’Puok, 6 
kilometers insid e Cambodia, From 
there, they have been encircling 
O'Smach, the lamest town still con- 


Boonthon Yen said small contingents 
of government troops were anackfeg 
opposition forces at many points along 
the front, but he said opposition soldiers 
were retaliating with machine guns, 
rocket-propelled grenades, artillery and 
mortars. 

Also, Khmer Rouge guerrillas were 
laying land mines behind Mr. Hun Sen’s, 
troops to booby trap them if and when 
they retreat, be said. - 

About 300 more refugees fled to 
Thailand on Wednesday to join the; 
35,000 who crossed the border safety 
since the fighting intensified Monday." 

In the weeks since the July coup,Mr. 
Hun Sen’s forces have pushed Prince 
Ranariddh's men back more than 100 
kilometers to O’Smach, where the op-1 
position is making a desperate fufcl) 
stand. - " 

Prince Ranariddh, who is abroad, said 
Wednesday that he was the legal ficstf 
prime minist er under Cambodian law. 
He said all changes brought about by 
Mr. Hun Sen’s coup were “illegal.”-! 


Politician on Trial 

■t.- 

In Singapore Denies 


trolled by Prince Ranariddh's troops, 
according to Thai Army officers. 

Intent to Defame 

sooner. But Mr. Hon Sen’s forces have 
been taking heavy casualties, according 
to the Thai regional commander, Major 
General Ghirasak Prommopakom. 


BRIEFLY 


China Launches Manila Satellite 


Reuters 

BEUING — China suc- 
cessfully fired a Philippine 
communications satellite into 
orbit early Wednesday 
aboard a Long March 3B 


rocket after a series of high- 
profile launching failures. 

Chinese space officials 
said the 3.77-ton orbiter, 
owned by Mabuhay Philip- 
pine Satellite Corp. was op- 


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era ting normally after being 
launched from the Xichang 
space base. 

China bad been banking on 
a successful launching to re- 
store confidence in its space 
industry after a series of dis- 
asters that included the Feb- 
ruary 1996 loss of the first 3B 
and its U.S.-built Intelsat 708 
satellite payload. 

“After this success, we 
feel really happy,” said an 
official of China’s Great Wall 
Industry Corp., which 

handles commercial space 

launchings for foreign firms. 

“We always feel ex- 
tremely worried about 

launchings because they in- 

volve high technology and 
high risk,” the official said. 

The launching of the first 
orbiter to be controlled by a 
Philippine-led consortium 
had been delayed at least 
three times in recent weeks by 
poor weather. 


Japan-North Korean Talks 

TOKYO — Japanese Foreign Ministry negotiators 
(raveled to Beijing on Wednesday for talks with their 
North Korean counterparts aimed at restarting efforts 
to normalize diplomatic ties. 

Thursday's talks are to set a schedule for formal 
normalization talks, which have been stalled for 
nearly five years over bilateral disputes. 

Japanese officials have indicated that successful 
talks would clear the way for Tokyo to join global 
relief efforts for North Korea, where millions are 
threatened with famine. (Reuters) 

Taleban Qualifies Drug Ban 

KABUL — A ban on opium and hashish cultivation 
in Afghanistan will not be enforced until foreign states 
help farmers substitute their crops, a Taieban official 
said Wednesday. 

Describing the Taleban ’s recent decision to outlaw 
the production, trade and consumption of cannabis 
and heroin as a “serious step,” the official said 
observing the ruling remained voluntary. 

“When we ban drug farmers from cultivating, we 
have to give them something in return,” Deputy 
Minister of Information and Culture Mawlawi Ab- 
durrahman Hotaki told reporters. “We will not im- 
pose the destruction of the fields until we receive 
international assistance.” (AFP) 

Chinese Broadcasts Jammed 

WASHINGTON — A U.S. government-financed 
radio station has reported that its Mandarin broadcasts 
to China are being jammed, probably by the Chinese 
government. 

Radio Free Asia, which began the Mandarin broad- 


casts in September 1996, said in a statement Tuesday 
that the jamming began on Monday through the 
technique known as co-channeling: broadcasting pro- 
grams on top of the unwanted station. 

Richard Richter, president of the radio station, said 
he was confident the Chinese authorities were behind 
iL “I can’t imagine who else would do it The Chinese 
have periodically jammed Voice of America broad- 
casts. ’ ( Reuters ) 

Travel Bar on Mrs. Marcos 

MANILA — The Philippine Supreme Court on 
Wednesday barred Imelda ‘Marcos from leaving the 
country to seek eye treatment in the United States. 

The 68-year-old widow of President Ferdinand 
Marcos needs court permission to leave the country 
following her conviction for corruption in 1993. She 
was sentenced to 18 years in jail but is on bail while 
she appeals the judgment. 

Mrs. Marcos, who has glaucoma, has said she could 
go blind unless treated by U.S. eye experts. 

The Supreme Court upheld a ruling by the anti-graft 
court in 1996, denying her travel petition on grounds 
that there were competent doctors in the Philippines to 
treat her. (Reuters) 

Rail Bridge Bombed in India 

GAUHATI, India — A bomb blew np a railroad 
bridge Wednesday in India’s remote northeast, cutting 
off train service to the entire region. 

The bomb was set off as a train of empty oil tankers 
approached the bridge in Kokrajbar district in Assam 
state, railroad officials said. There were no casualties. 

Suspicion fell on Bodo separatists, who had stepped 
up violence last week as India celebrated its 50th 
anniversary of independence from British colonial 
rule. (AP) 


a 

•" ’ -a 

Reuters ^ 

SINGAPORE — Joshua Jeyaretnam, 
the Singapore opposition leader, denied 
Wednesday that he intended to defame 
the island's rulers, who have hit him 
with a series of libel suits, and said tfcpt 
his trial was an attempt to drive him obt 

of Parliament 

Mr. Jeyaretnam. 71, testified that jte 
said at an election rally that a police 
report had been filed by a Workers’ 
Party colleague against Prime Minister} 
Goh Chok Tong and other members'of 
the governing People’s Action Party.- 
But he told the High Court that he had 
no detailed knowledge of the contents of) 
the report, which accused Mr. Goh of] 
criminal conspiracy and lying. 

*’I think this is politically motivated 
to keep me out," he said a day after Mr. 
Goh took the stand and denied that the 
1 1 defamation suits against MrJeyartt- 
nam were intended to bankrupt the 
Workers’ Party leader and thus mr him 
from Parliament. : i 

The suits by Mr. Goh; former Prime 
Minister Lee Kuan Yew and nine otter 
leaders of the People’s Action Party 
stemmed from the general election cam- 
paign in December in which they 
strongly attacked a Worker ’.Uarty can- 
didate. Tang Liang Hong. - » 

They accused him.of.beingah “anti- 
Christian, Chinese chauviiHstxiwbo,. en- 
dangered racial harmony in Singapore 
Mr. Tang filed police reports accus- 
ing them of lying and criminal con- 
spiracy. Mr. Jeyaretnam announced that 
Mr. Tang had filed the reports at the last [ 
rally before the vote Jan. 2. The/ 
People’s Action Party won 81 of Par-/ 
liament’s 83 seats. 

Mr. Goh’s lawyer, Tom Shields* 
that everyone in Singapore knew 
what Mr. Jeyaretnam was talking a 
when he made the announcement 
The case was adjourned at tie li 
break — earlier than expected^-— 
Thursday. There was no immediate ex- 
planation for the early recess. 


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FACE I 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


PAGE 5 


INTERNATIONAL 


> 


V 



Mir s Ordeals: Valuable Lessons for U,S. 


By William J. Broad 

Nni' York Tima Service 


— Bi S rockets can 
-aannch warheads as easily as they 
^an pat astronauts into space 
fn. And throughout the space age 
have been used interc hangea bly 
^or such wildly dissimilar jobs. 

' ■ This fact of technological life is 
11 


provided cash incentives and when 
things go awry, they look the other 
way. 

These costs are considered small 
compared to the political, economic 
and technical benefits. 


as a U.S. space shuttle roared aloft 
for the fust rendezvous with Mir. “If 


you put your mind to something and 
rch io 


‘ ‘Mir documents the possibility of 
lationship of 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


-«ne of the main reasons that Wash- 
:ingjon puts up with the tragicomedy 
of Russia's troubled Mir space sta- 
. -Hon. 

/ As Mir has lurched from glitc h to 
■-.Bear -disaster, Americans who 
■watched NASA astronauts join their 
“Russian counterparts on the station 
_ wondered why the space agency 
"would put them in a situation so 
■ ’seemingly unsafe. 

' The answer may be that NASA 

■;and the U.S. government — have a 


big changes in the ie« w .™,. F 
countries that used to be enemies.” a 
White House official said. 

American astronauts gain valu- 
able experience on Mir, he said. 

Perhaps no one in Washington has 
worked harder on the Mir conun- 
drum than Daniel Goldin, head of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Ad- 
ministration. 

“You can't make this unbeliev- 
able transition from pointing 
weapons at one another to workin° 
together without bumps in the 
road,” Mr. Goldin said in June 1995 


search for common interests, you 
can build bridges.” 

Despite recent woes and cliff- 
hangers — some aerospace experts 
would say because of them — the 
aging Mir outpost is considered an 
important learning experience for 
the Americans. 

It is also seen as an important 
bridge to an even bigger East- West 
endeavor — the international space 
station, a behemoth the size of a 
football field. Beginning next year, it 
is to be built piecemeal in space, and 
by 2003 it is to bold up to seven crew 
members. Fifteen nations are con- 
tributing to its construction. 

The deal includes financial aid to 
Moscow in the form of a $400 rail- 


lot riding on the Russian program. 

of the Cold 


After the nightmare 
war, Washington wants to do all it 
can to help the shaky Russian econ- 


omy, especially its aerospace com- 
»L The Unit ’ “ ■ 


Space Station Crew Makes Fix 
And Sun Gives Power Again 


ponent. The United States wants to 
encourage Russia to use its 
(.aerospace brawn for constructive 
rather than destructive ends. In par- 
ticular, it wants to discourage the 
Russians from selling big rockets to 
countries that might use them for 
nuclear war and b lackmail 

Many in official Washington, es- 
>peciaUy Vice President A1 Gore, 
-have forged cooperative links be- 
Tween Mir and the American space 
"program and work hard to keep the 
: -bonds strong. 

When the cooperative program 
got under way, toe United States 


Hearers 

KOROLYOV. Russia — The 
crew of Russia’s ailing Mir space 
station cleared the way Wednesday 
for vital repairs by realigning the 
spacecraft on the sun. Mission Con- 
trol officials said. 

The Mir began spinning on Mon- 
day when its main computer failed, 
preventing its solar panels from 
drawing solar energy to power the 
1 1 -year old station. 

The two Russian cosmonauts and 
one American astronaut on board 
succeeded in starting all the working 
gyrodynes: gyroscopic devices that 
automatically orient Mir to face toe 


sun. “They have put 10 gyrodynes 
into action,” said a Mission Control 
spokesman. Valeri Lyndin. 

The crew managed to re-establish 
the correct orientation late Tuesday 
by using booster rockets, but this 
process uses up precious feel. 

Earlier Tuesday, they replaced a 
faulty data processing unit in their 
computer, thereby halting a 24-hour 
tumble through space. 

The computer breakdown on 
Monday during a docking procedure 
between Mir and an approaching 
cargo ship made it necessary to 
switch off all but vital life-support 
systems and rely on batteries. 


lion contract for space hardware and 
launching services. Not coincident- 
ally, Moscow gave in to American 
cafls for it to drop a planned sale of 
advanced rocket engines to India, 
which Washington viewed as dan- 
gerously destabilizing in the tense 
subcontinent. 

As a warm-up to the international 
station, shuttle astronauts are now 
making a series of seven visits to 
Mir. Five have occurred so far. The 
f inal visit is to end next June, just as 
work gets under way on the bigger 
outpost 

These are the early phases of the 
long-term marriage of toe U.S. and 
Russian programs, said John. Logs- 
don. director of toe Space Policy 
Institute at George Washington Uni- 
versity. “And it’s a bargain in pro- 
grammatic terms, aside from the 
broader geopolitical security ele- 
ments.” 

If all goes well, the East- West 
collaboration will lead to an outpost 
weighing 470 tons with a length of 
356 feet (110 meters). 

It will provide scientists a base to 
study the heavens, the Earth and 
unknowns like physiological re- 
sponse to extended periods of 
weightlessness. These are vital bits 
of information if people are ever to 
venture to distant worlds. 

The big station is meant to last at 
least 1 0 years and will cost about $50 
billion to build and maintain 

The woes of toe 1 1-year-old Mir 
have raised questions about whether 
it should be abandoned in favor of 
the big outpost, which is expected to 
be safer. But many analysts predict 
that toe new international station 
will have its own accidents and 
dangers, some of which could be 
major. 


It’s Not Funny, Russian Space Officials Protest 


By Michael Specter 

New York Tunes Service 


K - MOSCOW — After en durin g six months in 
ivhich Russia’s Mir space station has been sav- 
aged by folly and tortured by fete, the can-do face 
of Mission Control finally cracked. 

4 " “We used to change Mir’s computer parts after 
: their technical life expectancy ran out” Viktor 
Blagov, the deputy flight chief, said bitterly as the 
-crew members 150 mile s (240 kilometers) above 
him finally managed to repair the computer that 
'had sent the station whirling blindly around in 
■apace. “Now because of problems with money, 
'we must use each part until it dies. ” 

•»“ He and other officials of toe. Russian Space 
Agency, all of whom have grown weary of seeing 
Iheir work treated as a running cosmic gag, said 
-.that paits of the main computer that drives toe 
world's only manned space station have not been 
- changed or repaired in all the U years Mir has 
-.been in orbit 

*■- While that may not be quite as shocking as it 
• sounds — the computer has a specific task and it 
-Can still perform it with little problem — nobody 


on earth is happy about it- “When they were 
installed they were the top of toe line,” said toe 
program’s chief computer expert, Vladimir 
Banets, about the systems on the spacecraft “But 
if you are talking about power or memory, I am 
sure they are even less than what you have on your 
desktop.” 

The apparently spontaneous decision Tuesday 
to end toe Jong silence reflects Russian space 
officials’ growing frustration with toe problems 
of toe Mir and toe attention they received. 

The station has had more scrutiny in toe past six 
months — since a fire on toe spacecraft in Feb- 
ruary and then a nearly calamitous collision with 
a supply ship in June — than at any ocher time in 
the last 11 years. 

Most of ’the problems the Mir has faced this 
year, like oxygen generators that have failed and 
docking mistakes, have happened dozens of times 
before. 

But when errors happen now, the world is 
watching. 

That has started to drive the Russians crazy. 
The style of toe Russian space program mirrois 
toe style of the nation. 


It looks haphazard but it is noL It is functionaL 
Frills, bells and whistles are for toe United States 
and NASA’s space shuttle. The Mir has always 
been a proletarian spaceship, put up there simply 
to get the job done. Yet. even that simple goal has 
suddenly become difficult to achieve. 

“We are saving a lot of money the way we 
work,” said Mr. Blagov, who has informally 
assumed toe role of a spokesman for the mission 
— mostly because he is always so willing to 
speak. "But soon we really have to decide if we 
need safety or whether we need to save 
money.” 

On Saturday, the commander of toe just re- 
placed crew, Vasili Tsibliyev. who was criticized 
for toe problems while he was aboard, also 
blamed lack of money. 

He said that factories that made special parts for 
the space ship no longer operate, and that those 
that do charge too much for the parts. 

President Boris Yeltsin, who like many Rus- 
sian leaders sees the failures of Mir as a metaphor 
for a lack of direction in modern Russian society, 
promised this week to produce all the money that 
the program needs. 


Yeltsin Assails Critics WALES: A Wary Nation Debates Referendum 


Of Deal in Kidnapping 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — President 
' f Boris Yeltsin lashed out 
■r‘ Wednesday at a .senior Rus- 
sian security official and a teje- 

Yjgion executive who criti- 
cized efforts to free kidnapped 
Russian* in Chechnya. 

"ft is inadmissible to speak 
in>uch language,” toe pres- 
ident told a Kremlin meeting 
of his Security CounciL 
Five Russian journalists, 
inclu ding a prominent corre- 
spondent for the independent 
station NTV, were released 
earlier in tire week on the eve 
aftalks between Mr. Yeltsin 
and the Chechen leader, 

Aslan Maskhadov. 

While both Russia and 

. Chechnya claimed credit for 
) frtx ing toe journalists, the 
9 NTV president, Igor 
Malashenko, said his station 
had paid at least $1 million in 
ransom. He said that toe Rus- 
sian government had foiled to 
protect its citizens, and 
charged that top Chechen of- 
ficials were involved in tire 


kidnappings. 

^ ’President Maskhadov is 


A — — 

either too weak and cannot 
help in the release of hos- 
tages,” the NTV chief said. 


“or deliberately doesn’t want 
to help because this bloody 
business is ran by Vice Pres- 
ident Vakha Arsanov.” 

Mr. Maskhadov and other 
Chechen leaders have said 
that Chechen police tracked 
the kidnappers and forced 
them to free toe journalists. 

Boris Berezovsky, deputy 

secretary of toe security coun- 
cil and a prominent media 
mogul, joined with toe NTV 
chairman in disputing the 
Chechen claim. 

He confirmed that ransom 
was paid for the release of all 
five hostages, who spent 
months in captivity, but also 
insisted they owed their free- 
dom to the efforts of toe Rus- 
sian secret services. 

Mr. Yeltsin accused Mr. 
Berezovsky, who owns a 
stake in another Russian tele- 
vision station, ORT, of in- 
flaming the media.” He then 
blamed Mr. Malashenko, toe 
NTV executive, for encour- 
aging Chechen separatism- 

He said Mr. Malashenko 
was not “fully aware” of 
how toe journalists were 
freed. “We have not told 
everything and we cannot tell 
everything,” he said. 


Continued from Page 1 
is dedicated to winning sup- 
port for toe referenduras as 
part of its overall plan to de- 
centralize power in Britain. 

Locals who are stumping 
for a “yes” vote include 
writers, poets, actors, spats 
figures, the Archdruid of 
Wales and members of rock 
groups like Super Furry An- 
imals and Manic Street 
Preachers. They say toe as- 
sembly is the only way that 
Welsh problems will get the 
attention they deserve. 

The most ardent backers 
are Welsh nationalists whose 
desire to be taken seriously as 
a nation is centered on the fact 
that they have their own lan- 
guage: me pre-Roman Welsh 


tongue that is spoken by an 
■“7,000c " 


estimated 550,000 of toe pop- 
ulation of 2.9 million. 

“I know it sounds like a 
very, very vague basis on 
which to consolidate a polit- 
ical movement, but while it is 
insignificant to British his- 


tory and culture, it is crucial to 
ours,” said Lyn Lewis Dafis, 
curator of photography here 
at the National Library of 
Wales. 

There was a time when a 
child overheard speaking 
Welsh in a school playground 
was caned by teachers and 
forced to wear a necklace 
with toe wooden letters 
“WN” standing for “Welsh 
Not.” Today Welsh is taught 
widely in elementary schools, 
even in heavily Anglicized 
parts of the country in toe 
south, and a television chan- 
nel broadcasts in toe guttural 
tongue. 

An American visitor to 
Machynlleth tried his pronun- 
ciation of the town on a cab 
driver and was told. “You 
just have to scrape your throat 
a little more.” 

In Aberystwyth one recent 
evening, a merrily raucous 
group filled toe Coopers 
Aims, a nationalist beer- 
drinking spot, to hear fiddlers 
and harpists play folk music 



down 


coast. 


Kremlin Worried by Evidence 
OfV.S. Influence in Caucasus 

Bmutm 


penetrate this zone aotowrthw q{ . Rassia ’ s Security 



comnnmny, and in die region was J 0SI 

He said increased U.S. invoi in toe Caucasus. 




— 1 gi n 1 a n on ukic i 

i ‘^nStoem 

-- and serious acktitionrimws^a^^^pederai Security 
Mr. Yeltsin said the Forag 0 organs needed 

to,coonfinate their work better in tn 
intore sts of national security. 



Fbksu GaOMfAgiaae Fmc-Pras 


FRENCH BLAST — Fire fig hters l ooking over 
the debris after a gram silo exploded on Wednes- 
day in Blaye. France. Ten persons were missing. 



I.mid P.HirlV^pennr fnnir-IW 

Mr. Jospin entering the cabinet meeting Wednesday; he later called it “excellent” 


First Clash in Co-Habitation 


Chirac Attacks Government's Jobs Plan for Youth 


Agence France-Presse 

PARIS — President Jacques Chirac 
clashed Wednesday with his Socialist prime 
minister, Lionel Jospin, over a Socialist plan 
to create jobs for young people in the public 
sector. 

It was the president's first open challenge to 
Mr. Jospin since his governing conservative 
alliance lost the early elections he called for 
June 1. Mr. Chirac intervened at a cabinet 
meeting, toe first since France's summer hol- 
idays, after Employment Minister Marline 
Aubry presented her job-creation bill, which 
is to be debated in Parliament next month. 

While acknowledging that “youth employ- 
ment is everyone's priority,’’’ toe Gaullist 
president said he feared “massive creation of 
permanent jobs in the public sector." 

France holds the record among industri- 
alized countries for jobs financed out of public 
resources, Mr. Chirac said, adding that he 
favored job creation in the private sector. 


n people 

ployed in France, for a 12.6 jobless rate, and 
Mr. Jospin’s main promise during toe cam- 
paign was to create jobs for toe young. 

The youth-employment legislation is toe 
first stage of a Socialist jobs-creation plan and 
calls for 350,000 new public sector jobs over 
three years. The second stage calls for 
350.000 new jobs in the private sector and will 
be drafted at a national conference in Septem- 
ber 1998 that will also debate a plan to cut 
working hours without loss of pay. 

Mr. Jospin said toe cabinet meeting had 
been “substantial'’ and “excellent.” adding 
that the president had spoken about “inter- 
national questions, also youth employment 
and a word on national service.” 

In 1995, Mr. Chirac announced plans to end 


conscription and professionalize the French 
fo 


armed forces. The new Socialist-led govern- 
ment has said it plans no changes in toe 
essentials of that program. 


Abortion Debate Precedes Pope 


Agence France-Presse 

PARIS — Fifty youn* 


people from the World Youth 
Days Catholic festival in- 
vaded a hospital Wednesday 
in an anti-abortion protest as a 
controversy raged over Pope 
John Paul H*s plans to visit 
the grave of an anti-abortion 
geneticist 

Chanting anti-abortion slo- 
gans to hymn tunes, the 
young people of various na- 
tionalities. who were accom- 
panied by 10 children, said 
they were part of a group 
named after Jerome Lejeune, 
an anti-abortion campaigner 
whose grave the pope will 
visit Friday. 

The group, saying they 
were “survivors of legalized 
abortion,” moved into Am- 
broise Pare hospital at 
Boulogne-Billancourt, west 


of Paris. The hospital director 
Olivier Colin said he had no 
plans to call the police. 

Meanwhile, one of toe 
parties in France’s ruling left- 
ist coalition urged the Pope on 
Wednesday to call off his 
planned visit to Mr. Lejeune’s 
grave. 

The small Socialist Radical 
Party, which has three cabinet 
ministers, said toe pontiff's 
visit to toe grave of his friend 
and former adviser on moral 
matters was “a provoca- 
tion.” Mr. Lejeune founded a 
French anti-abortion group. 

The secretary-general of 
toe Socialist Radical Party, 
Jean-Marc Sabathe, said the 
Pope’s gesture appeared to be 
“a deliberate attempt to le- 
gitimize” commando actions 
by anti-abortion groups 
against abortion clinics and 


hospital gynecological wards 
in violation of toe law. 

The pontiff arrives in 
France on Thursday to take 
pan in toe 12ih World Youth 
Days, which has attracted 
young Catholics from 160 
countries. On Friday he will 
visit toe grave south of Paris 
of Mr. Lejeune, who dis- 
covered toe gene that causes 
the most common form of 
Down’s Syndrome. 

The church hierarchy has 
claimed that the Pope's visit 
to the grave is “strictly 
private.” 

The French Family Plan- 
ning Movement has de- 
nounced toe Pope's visit to 
toe grave as a ^provocation 
against women and families” 
who have been told their un- 
born child has toe incurable 
Down’s Syndrome. 


BRIEFLY 


and to plan a weeklong march 
the 1 


“Wales is becoming a 
for the first 


political unit for 
time,” said Dafydd Lewis 
Morgan, administrative of- 
ficer of the Welsh Language 
Society. 

The claim was rejected by 
Eva New, an English anthro- 
pologist married to a retired 
British diplomat from Wales 
who lives in the market town 
of Llanwrtyd Wells and who is 
toe mid-Wales coordinator of 
the “Just Say No” campaign. 

“My concern is for towns 
like this, towns that have been 
kept alive by the English who 
come here to live and who 
support local institutions,” 
she said. 

She argued that the costs of 
the new bureaucracy would 
be passed down to individuals 
and would end up driving 
more Welsh out of toe coun- 
try and removing toe eco- 
nomic advantages that bring 
people of means to Wales. 

The influx has not helped 
dispel media stereotypes of 
the Welsh, which rankle lo- 
cals. Dylan Iorwerth. editor 
of toe Welsh language current 
affairs weekly. Golwg, 
claimed that British newspa- 
pers, films and television al- 
ways featured the same 
Welsh character. 

“He’s a cheerful chap, all 
heart and no brains, some- 
times clever and cunning, but 
always deeply flawed,” he 
said. 

Mr. Iorwerth included 
Shakespeare among toe vil- 
lains. “Fluellen is amusing 
and brave,” he said of the 
jocular Welsh soldier in 
“Henry V.” "But you 
wouldn’t ever ask him to run 

any thing .” 


Paris Halves Bus Fares 
During Pollution Alert 


PARIS — The Paris transport authority 
is to halve fares on buses and underground 
and local trains for the next two days to 


politician unless he leaves the region. Joa- 
quin Pascal, a Socialist city councilman in 
Pamplona, vowed Wednesday to ignore the 
demand. Mr. Pascal received the threat in 
the mail. 


“We are not going to allow people like 


encourage motorists to use public transport 


during a pollution alert, the Transport Min- 
istry said Wednesday. 

Paris has been plagued for a week by high 
ozone levels because of car exhaust fumes 
and a heat wave. Police have lowered speed 
limits and urged drivers to leave cars at 
home. 

Pollution again reached “level two” 
Wednesday in Paris and toe country’s 
second largest city, Lyon. Level two is the 
midpoint on the official scale and one step 
below the “level three" alert requiring 
man datory curbs on private cars and free 
public transport in large cities. (Reuters) 


you to live tranquilly in this greater Basque 
region that you try to destroy,” the letter 
said. The letter, dated Aug. 12, was pur- 
portedly sent by the separatist group ETA 
and warned Mr. Pascal be had 30 days to 
leave toe region or suffer measures that 
‘ ‘have already had strong results. ’ * (AP) 


Yeltsin Urges Amnesty 
For 500,000 Convicts 


Germany Pledges More 
To Holocaust Victims 


BONN — Pressured by Jewish groups 
who say time is running out, Germany 
agreed Wednesday to consider offering 
more compensation lo Holocaust survivors 
in Eastern Europe. 

Israel Singer, chief Jewish delegate in 
talks with German officials, said the out- 
come raised hopes for a “just and honorable 
settlement” for a rapidly thinning group of 
victims. A panel of German and Jewish 
officials will be set up and told to deliver an 
accord in three months. Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl's chief of staff, Friedrich Bohl, said 
after the talks. Germany has paid about 100 
billion Deutsche marks (S54 billion) to sur- 
vivors of the Nazi regime. (AP) 


MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltsin 
has urged Parliament to support an amnesty 
for nearly a half-million convicts to help 
alleviate conditions in Russia’s over- 
crowded jails, the Kremlin press service 
said Wednesday. 

Mr. Yeltsin’s proposal would grant an 
amnesty to about 445,000 people. Of these, 
35,000 people would be released from prison 
or labor camp, and a further 60,000 would 
have their sentences shortened, it said. About 
a million Russians are in jail. (Reuters) 


Peasants Party Shakes 
Coalition in Poland 


ETA Orders Politician 
To Quit Region or Die 


MADRID — A month after Basque sep- 

incjjman 


aratists shot and killed a city councilman in 
northern Spain, triggering nationwide 
protests, they are threatening to kill another 


WARSAW — Poland’s ruling coalition 
virtually collapsed Wednesday, a month 
before parliamentary elections. 

Prime Minister Wlodzimierz 
Cimoszewicz looked set to stay in office 
until the election, despite the falling out 
between his ex-communist Democratic 
Left Alliance and its Peasants Party allies. 

But toe cabinet crisis could throw open 
party negotiations expected to follow the 
Sept. 21 vote. The split in toe four-year-old 
coalition broke in the open Tuesday when 
the Peasants Party, toe smaller partner, sub- 
mitted a motion asking Parliament to dis- 
miss the prime minister because he bad 
blocked advance payments to farmers for 
this year’s grain harvest. (Reuters) 





PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1991 

INTERNATIONAL 


Explosion of Violence in Kenya 
Stirs Fears of Electoral Mayhem 


By Stephen Buckley 

Washington fosl Service 


MOMBASA Kenya — Tribal ten- 
sions. fueled by land rights issues and an 
increasingly charged political atmo- 
sphere, have exploded into violence in 
Kenya's second city, leaving at least 39 
dead and scores injured. 

This month’s killings, the latest round 
of unrest to jar this relatively stable East 
African country since late May, have 
alarmed opposition activists and politi- 
cians, who fear that Kenya is about to 
repeat the kind of brutal ethnic clashes 
that preceded its first multiparty vote in 
1992. 

The nation is expected to bold its 
second multiparty elections before the 
end of this year. 

The opposition has accused the gov- 
ernment of supporting the violence to 
shore up support for this year’s pres- 
idential election and to try to derail a 
movement for constitutional and other 
legal reforms. 

“This looks too much like 1992,” 
said Gibson Kuria, a prominent human 
rights lawyer active in the movement for 
constitutional reforms. “The violence is 
aimed at certain ethnic communities, the 
government's response has been luke- 
warm, and the violence we're seeing has 
had the same kind of brutality.” 

Kikuyus, Luos and other groups who 
have lived here in the coastal region for 
decades. Marauding gangs of between 
200 and 500 people have used guns, 
clubs, machetes, and bows and arrows in 
their attacks, which began last Wednes- 
day. 

They have burned homes and busi- 
nesses and hacked off people's limbs. 
They have killed at least nine police 


officers. 

Signs of tension are everywhere. 
Trucks bounce along, stuffed with flee- 
ing families’ belongings. Police crowd 
corners; checkpoints and roadblocks are 
up throughout the city. Hundreds of mer- 
chants have abandoned (heir rickety 
wooden kiosks. 

Opposition activists and politicians 
have alleged that the ruling party, the 
Kenya African National Union (Kanu) is 
distracting citizens with violence to try 
to stifle support for constitutional re- 
forms. 

Thus far police have arrested ax least 
one Kanu activist in connection with the 
unrest, and more than 100 other people 
are being held in custody. In recent 
months several ruling party politicians 
have exhorted indigenous Mombasans 
to force outside groups back up coun- 
try. 

The opposition also has accused Kanu 
of seeking to bolster Moi's position here 
by pushing out tribes traditionally hos- 
tile to him. “There is no doubt that there 
is a political agenda in scaring the hell 
out of the upcountry people," said 
Richard Leakey, the famed paleonto- 
logist turned political activist. 

At the Likoni Catholic Church about 
3,000 Kenyans, most from upconntry 
tribes, flooded onto the grounds, 
burdened with all their possessions 
bedframes, mattresses, clothes, chairs, 
jeny cans, pots and pans, tablecloths, 
radios, sewing machines. 

The church yard was filled with the 
wounded, people who had been shot, 
clubbed, hacked, beaten. 

They are people such as Jeremiah 
Mwindi Muli, 38. Last week one morn- 
ing he was returning home from a nearby 
shop when about 20 young men, aimed 


with guns, clubs and machetes confron- 
ted him in an alley. They asked him for 
money. Then they asked him his tribe. 

After be told them he was from the 
Kamba group-based near Nairobi, 
Kenya’s capital- they chased him, even- 
tually slashing him on both shoulders 
and on his upper right arm. 

He has no movement in that arm 
today. 

After being treated for wounds at a 
nearby hospital. Muli returned to his 
house to find everything looted: eight 
chickens, 12 goats, a sack of beans, a 
half-sack of com, his bed, sofa set, 
tables, a stool, his clothes, his wife’s 
clothes, his children’s clothes. 

“They even took our spoons,” be 
said. 

Muir’s family moved to the coast 35 
years go. He works as a farmer and a 
gardener. He said he has never sensed 
resentment from local ethnic groups. 

“This has happened so suddenly,” 
Muli said through a translator as he sit 
next to his wife, Kanini. and their two 
sons, ages 5 and 18 months. “I’m very 
angry. I'm poor and displaced, and I've 
lost all my possessions. I don’t know 
how I’ll start over again.” 

The coast is known as one of the 
nation’s more tranquil areas. Since 
Kenya won independence in 1962, the 
region has experienced little of the eth- 
nic strife that has buckled other parts of 
the country. 

■ But that has changed in recent 
months. Mombasans from indigenous 
tribes said they have felt as though they 
were being displaced in their own home- 
town. They say “upcountry people” 
have grabbed land that did not belong to 
them and have become favored for jobs 
once held by indigenous groups. 


GERMANY: Hope Arrives in Bonn Along With New U.S. Envoy 


Continued from Page 1 

In a recent profile, the Frankfurter 
Allgemeine Zeitung called Mr. Kom- 
blum the most knowledgeable envoy 
Washington has sent since the war. 
‘ ‘Germany has al ways been the defining 
theme of Komblum’s career,” the FAZ 
wrote. 

Because Mr. Komblum was one of the 
architects of the Dayton agreement on 
Bosnia, he has been at the heart of the 
efforts to build new security structures 
for Europe. When the peace agreement 
was in trouble last year, the White House 
appointed Mr. Komblum to “oversee 
our comprehensive policy toward the 
former Yugoslavia.” 

Mr. Komblum is also credited with 
writing Ronald Reagan's famous appeal 


to Mikhail Gorbachev at Berlin's Brand- 
enburg Gate to “tear down-this wall. 2 ’ 
He is a career diplomat and not one of 
President Bill Clinton’s political ap- 
pointees. 

* ‘I am sure you know I am very happy 
to be back in Germany,” Mr. Komblum 
said in German at a packed airport press 
conference. 

“Komblum raises hope because 
Komblum knows Germany,” said Stef- 
fen Sachs, deputy director of the Aspen 
Institute, a think tank for U.S.-German 
affairs. “He has a good feeling for Ger- 
man topics, political, economic and so- 
cietal And he also brings with him a 
feeling of the German mentality.” 

The notion that Washington has neg- 
lected Germany is a misunderstanding, 
Mr. Komblum has said. Asked fre- 


quently if Washington ignores Bonn, 
Mr. Komblum is emphatic that bonds 
remain strong. 

When he introduced himself recently 
to the German press corps in Wash- 
ington, he freely admitted that the 
United States had vital new interests in 
Asia and South America, but said that 
these should not be misunderstood as a 
snub to Europe. 

The point is to "redefine" the U.S.- 
German relationship, he has said re- 
peatedly. 

German-U.S. ties have shifted in the 
absence of the Cold War, when Ger- 
many was a front-line partner in a world 
dominated by east-west conflicts. 

“Our task no longer is to manage the 
confrontation in Europe,” he said. 

“Uncertain feelings" can crop up 
“on both sides now and then’ * as the two 
sides define their relations anew. 

Mr. Komblum has done little to dis- 
courage the view that Germany will 
shoulder new and more independent 
roles as the engine of eastward expan- 
sion. * ‘The important point now is com- 
mon responsibility, common planning 
and, of course, also common action," he 
said. 

Implied is continued German backing 
of North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
and European Union enlargement, mul- 
tinational peace keeping and the sta- 
bilization of Russia. 

The German foreign minister, Klaus 
KinkeL said Wednesday that the va- 
cancy in the embassy was meaningless 
to U.S. relations and was entirely related 
to the grueling treatment the U.S. Senate 


ANTIGUA: Bank’s Failure Highlights 6 Questionable Operations 9 


Continued from Page 1 

Sergei Ushakov and Vitali Papsouev, 
who have disappeared, were listed as the 
bank’s directors when it collapsed. 

At the bank’s office in a mall directly 
above a dentist's office and Nio's Bar 
and Restaurant, a notice taped to the 
locked door reads, “European Union 
Bank Inc. has been placed in receivership 
effective this 8th day of August 1997.” 

Though the Internet, the bank allowed 
clients anywhere in the world to open 
accounts, transfer money, write checks by 
computer and obtain credit cards around 
the clock. On its now-dormant Internet 
site, www.eubank.ag, the bank stressed 
the benefits of the lax regulatory climate 
in Antigua. “Since there are no gov- 
ernment withholding or reporting require- 
ments on accounts, the burdensome and 
expensive accounting requirements are 
reduced for you,” the Web page reads. 

Citing confidentiality laws, Antigua 
officials declined to say how many de- 
positors the bank had had or how much 
money it had reported in accounts. 

Finance Minister John St. Luce said he 
did not get directly involved * * in this sort 
of thing," and Financial Secretary Keith 


Hurst declined to discuss the collapse. 

But bank records make it clear that the 
bank ran afoul of the rules almost from the 
beginning but was allowed to stay in 
business until depositors began com- 
plaining recently that they do longer had 
access to their accounts. An official letter 
sent by the Ministry of Finance in October 
1995 noted that the bank bad failed to file 
an audited financial statement for 1994. 

Those initial indications were fol- 
lowed by other, more public warnings. In 
May, the Idaho Department of Finance 
declared the bank to be operating illegally 
and ordered it to stop soliciting deposits 
from Idaho residents over the Internet. 

"There was a lack of disclosure, a lack 
of information on the principals, a lack of 
any of the licenses or charters that would 
have allowed this bank to conduct busi- 
ness legally in this state or this country,” 
Gavin Gee, director of the department in 
Idaho, said from Boise. “While the In- 
ternet is a wonderful means of obtaining 
information and doing business, it is also 
a means for fraud, and to the extent we 
have jurisdiction, we have a duty to 
protect our residents.” 

In Antigua, Agnes James, permanent 
secretary of the Ministry of Finance, said 


the government had taken several steps 
to prevent similar cases, including “a 
stricter watch on quarterly reports. ’ ’ 

She said there were also plans for the 
ministry’s two bank inspectors to get 
additional help so “they can go in on a 
monthly basis” to “check on the banks 
indicated for this type of treatment." 

After pressure from Washington, 
Prime Minister Lester Bird said this year 
that a thorough investigation would be 
made of about a half-dozen banks ac- 
cused of links to Russian crime groups. 
Bur the inquiry remains incomplete. 

As a result of the European Union 
Bank case, Mrs. James said, “there will 
be some changes, some tighter sanctions 
as far as due diligence is concerned” on 
new bank charter applications. 

“All that is needed has been set in 
motion," Mr. St. Luce said. “We have 
just passed very, very strong legislation, 
vetted by the Americans and the British, 
on money Laundering. We have a com- 
mittee looking into these things and are 
getting everything that is needed op- 
erating.” 

• Recent technology articles: 

www.iht.com/IHT ITECHI 



r>nn Lmmrr\s \gruT 

A UPS driver giving a cheerful thumbs-up Wednesday in New York as he went back to work after the strike^* 


H 

UPS: Crucial Issue of Part-Timers May Prove to Be Flaw in Accords 


had given nominees from the Clinton 
administration. By a recent tally, Bonn 
was one of 38 U.S. embassies waiting for 
an ambassador. 

Some drifting is inevitable, some 
Bonn diplomats suggest Just as the 
United States devotes its attention in- 
creasingly to Asia and Latin American, 
Germany has no choice but to overcome 
tensions with France to unite Europe 
behind a common currency. 

Some Bonn diplomats, however, see 
Germany's ties to Europe — and France 
in particular — as a bonus in the new 
European order. 

Next year’s German elections create 
another potential challenge for Mr. 
Komblum r s diplomatic skills. Accord- 
ing to opinion polls, Germany’s left- 
leaning opposition Social Democrats — 
whose leaders were once bitter critics of 
NATO and the Gulf War — have solid 
chances of replacing Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl. 

“Komblum is intelligent enough to 
increase the awareness of potential 
chancellors of any party of the impor- 
tance of the American-German relation- 
ship,” Mr. Sachs said. 

For Germans, ties to the United States 
can be remarkably emotional, partic- 
ularly for the generation that remembers 
the war and who came to see Americans 
as their most loyal friends, including the 
GIs. 

It was America that lent the most 
valuable support for German unification 
at a time when other nations vented 
mainly their worries about an enlarged 
Germany, Mr. Sachs said. 


Continued from Page 1 

workers. Far a labor movement that has 
been on the defensive for so many years, 
this positive image was a pleasant 
change. The impact of the air control- 
lers’ strike had been so chilling that the 
number of major strikes dropped to 37 
last year from 145 in 1981. The very fact 
that the Teamsters struck UPS in the first 
place was seen by many as an act of 
courage. 

The Teamsters worked hard to win the 
media battle. Using the same sophis- 
ticated public relations and advertising 
techniques it has long embraced in polit- 
ical campaigns, the union made part- 
time work the central issue in the strike 
and never deviated from the message. 

The message struck a responsive 
chord with an American public that has 
become increasingly anxious over job 
security — even though the number of 
part-timers in the work force has risen 
only slightly over the lasr 30 years. Pan- 
time workers accounted for 14 percent of 
the work force in 1968. compared with 
183 percent in 1996. 

“The public relations was fabulous,” 
Mr. Sweeney said Tuesday. “Ii raised a 
level of respect for workers. The media 
treated the UPS strikers like they were 
real human beings.” The approach used 


in the UPS strike, he said, “will serve us 
well in future org anizin g efforts." 

The Teamsters, working closely with 
the AFL-CIO, made the cause of the 
striking UPS workers the cause for all of 
labor. The AFL-CIO pledged $10 mil- 
lion a week to pay strike benefits for the 
UPS workers, and Mr. Sweeney said the 
federation had lined up more than $50 
million in pledges from member unions 
by die time the strike ended. 

But experts caution that the success of 
the Teamsters this week at the bargain- 
ing table and in public-opinion polls is 
only a tiny step in a long march back to 
relevancy. 

The economic realities of the work- 
place now are the same as they were 
when ihe UPS strike began — and they 
are likely to continue to obstruct labor's 
efforts. 

Labor's biggest problem is that it rep- 
resents so little or the total U.S. work 
force. The 13 million members counted 
by the AFL-CIO at present is little more 
than the 12.6 million membera labor had 
in 1955 when the American Federation 
of Labor and the Congress of Industrial 
Organizations merged. 

Much more important for labor and its 
influence is the drop in the number of 
union members as a percentage of the 
American w*ork force. In the years im- 


ASIA: Pollution Seen at Dangerous Levels 


mediately after World War II, more tti&a 
one out of every three civilian worfceaS 
belonged to a union. 

Today, barely 10 percent of gte 
private-sector work force is unionizaj 
(For the total work force, it is about l<jg 1 
percent.) > 

Indeed, UPS was an ironic target 
the Teamsters because it has been a good 
union employer in an industry that has 
increasingly gone nonunion. -T 

UPS invited the union to organize its 
employees in the 1920s, and it has kept 
the door open to the union ever since.-;;- 
But labor has been unable to organise 
most of UPS’s new aggressive nonunied 
competitors, such as Federal Express 
Corp., and some analysts argue that 
has been able to afford its Teams tea 
contracts only because it controlled 88 
percent of the package-delivery m£D# 
ket K 

If UPS faces increased competitiSe 
pressures after the strike, as some aifiC 
lyses predict, it may have to seek neap- 
concessions from the Teamsters — hr 
lose jobs to its nonunion competitpi^C 
Similar problems have beset uniehsSR 
the auto, steel, construction and retijS 
industries — as hard-pressed employs® 
demanded “give-backs” to rema|| = 
competitive with nonunion or foreign 
rivals. 


BRIEFLY 


Continued from Page 1 

the most polluted and environmentally 
degraded region in the world.” 

Studies by the World Bank, United 
Nations agencies and various scientists 
show that in the last 30 years, Asia has 
lost half its forest cover, causing the 
spread of deserts, erosion, silting of 
rivers, flooding and crop losses. 

A third of the region's agricultural 
land is degraded, and its rivers and lakes 
are among the world's most contam- 
inated. Fish stocks have fallen by half. 

No other area has as many heavily 
polluted cities. The World Health Or- 
ganization found that of the 15 cities 
with die worst air pollution, 13 were in 
Asia. Widespread coal burning in China 
and India is a major source of sulfur and 
nitrogen contamination. 

Measuring the costs of such damage 
on society as well as the economy is 
difficult, but the bank said that one sur- 
vey found that air pollution, including 
lead poisoning, in Jakarta alone was 
costing more than $2 billion a year in 
terms of brain damage to children and 
premature death and illness generally. 

Vaclav Smil, an environmental spe- 
cialist at the University of Manitoba in 
Canada, estimates that the annual cost of 
damage to China's natural resources is 
probably equivalent to at least 10 percent 
of the country’s gross domestic product 
— $522 billion in 1996 — and may well 
be as high as 15 percent 

“In only six of China's 27 largest 
cities is drinking water quality within 
state standards,” he said. “Contamin- 
ation of crops by polluted water en- 
dangers health and reduces opportuni- 
ties for export of products. And the loss 
of arable land to urban encroachment 
and soil erosion means that, by die year 
2000, Bangladesh and Egypt will be the 
only two populous nations with less ar- 
able land per capita than China.” 

The Asian Development Bank said 
that Asia 's forest cover was shrinking by 
1 percent a year, contributing to the 
region's serious soil erosion. 

“With 1 3percent of the world’s forest 
land and hair its population, Asia has just 
one-third as much forest per person as 


the world average, and only one-tenth as 
much as Latin America,” it said. Land 
per person is scarcer in Asia than in other 
parts of the world and its soil is also of 
poorer quality than elsewhere, ir said. 

Some scientists are concerned that as 
Asia’s population growth outstrips food 
production capacity, some of the largest 
countries — including China, India and 
Indonesia — will have to rely more on 
imports, straining global grain markets. 

Mr. SmiJ said that China, like other 
countries in the early stages of rapid 
industrial development, had been slow 
to allocate capital for environmental 
management and now had extensive 
areas of badly damaged ecosystems. 

“These factors, together with China's 
huge population and ambitious devel- 
opment aspirations, make it the world's 
most worrisome case of environmental 
degradation.' ’ he said. * ‘ If China were to 
consume resources at the level of South 
Korea or Taiwan and import crude oil 
and grain at rates comparable to those of 
other rapidly growing East Asian econ- 
omies, it would need more energy and 
more cereals than are currently available 
on the world market ” 

A few Asian countries, notably Japan 
and Singapore, have used their growing 
wealth to improve their environment 

Other Asian countries could do the 
same, experts said, provided govern- 
ments set the right regulatory frame- 
work, tax structure and incentives, abol- 
ished politically sensitive fuel and 
energy subsidies, and allowed private 
sector participation in areas such as san- 
itation and water supply. 

But some critics said that Japan had 
only cleaned up its environment at home 
by exporting its problems to other parts 
of Asia. 

"Today, Japan is one of the world's 
most heavily forested countries, the re- 
sult of massive reforestation efforts and 
very strict enforcement of conservation 
laws," noted A. Terry Rambo, a senior 
fellow in the environment program at the 
East-West Center in Hawaii. “At the 
same time, however, rain forests in 
Southeast Asia are felled to meet the 
huge demand of the Japanese market for 
wood." 


eria Attacks g 


if 


13 More Are Killed 3 

In Alg 

ALGIERS — Thirteen persons^ 
have been killed in Algeria by hav-3 
ing their throats slit in the last fcw%2 
days in a new series of attac 
against civilians by suspected 
lamic extremists, newspapers 
ported Wednesday. 

Four were slain overnight Tubs 
day, and a young girl was abductet ^ 
when armed attackers invaded- aS 
farm inhabited by some 15 families^ 
outside Hadjout, 70 kilometers (40^ 
miles) west of Algiers, the daily El> 

W atari reported. 5 

On Thursday, seven people had£ 
their throats cut in Bouferdjoun, 30(K 
kilometers southeast of Algiers, the? 
daily Le Matin reported. Attackers^* 
also killed two drivers working for-'- 
the national fuel distribution cqjh-?J 
pany, in Hacine, 400 kilometers;* 
southwest of Algiers. (AFPJjg • 

65 Slain in Nigeria % 

LAGOS — The death toll has** 
reached 65 in four days of fighting^ 
between two communities in the!J* 
ancient southwest Nigerian town of--' 

Ife. newspapers reported on-* 
Wednesday. Z- 

They said hostilities spread to^i 
remote villages, where the latest-* £ 
victims included a village chief,;- * 
while thousands of residents of thft-C 
university town fled to safe r areas. 
Fighting erupted during the week-;« 
end between Ife and Modakeke^ 
communities. [ Reuters# 

y 

Red Cross Refused :] 

LIMA — President Alberto"' 
Fujimori has turned down a Red£ 
Cross request for access to rebels^ 
imprisoned in Peru, but he left opent* ; 
the possibility of prison visits in the% 
future. (APy, 


ISRAEL: Arafat Has Talks With Islamists IDENTITY: Biometrics Technology Faces Up to the Challenge of Proving Who You Are : J 


Continued from Page 1 

“None of the speakers advocated ex- 
plosions or terrorism,’ ’ be said. “They 
all protested the Israeli policy that dis- 
regards the peace process. They’ve 
agreed on a common denominator of 
rejecting the policy of dictation.’’ 

Speakers at the conference, appar- 
ently following rules agreed upon in 
advance, did not, in fact, make explicit 
calls for violence against Israel, appeal- 
ing instead for “resistance,” “confron- 
tation” and “struggle by all appropriate 
means” against the Israeli “enemy.” 

Many called on Mr. Arafat to stop 
security cooperation and negotiations 
with the Israelis, and urged a boycott of 
Israeli products in response to the Israeli 
closure. 

■ Israel Hits Lebanese Targets 
Israeli warplanes Wednesday struck 


at targets in southern Lebanon, including 
power lines feeding the region's largest 
- city, that Israel said had been chosen to 
send a clear message to Lebanon's gov- 
ernment 

An Israeli military statement said the 
raids, which cut power to thousands of 
civilians, were meant 10 warn Lebanese 
officials to do more to rein in the Islamic 
militants who fired dozens of Katyusha 
rockets into northern Israel on Tuesday. 

The air strikes were the heaviest by 
Israel since all sides in the conflict 
agreed in April 1996 to call a halt to 
attacks on civilians, and they followed 
by a day the rocket attacks by Iranian- 
backed Hezbollah guerrillas, which 
were also the heaviest since the cease- 
fire. 

In another raid, Israeli jets rocketed a 
Hezbollah base near the Syrian bottler in 
Bekaa. where four civilians were re- 
portedly injured. 


Continued from Page 1 

Several systems, designed to replace 
passwords to unlock computers and au- 
thorize Internet purchases, now allow the 
verifying of faces, signatures and fin- 
gerprints at home on personal computers, 
using inexpensive cameras or scanning 
devices. Coming next are systems for 
secret automated scanning for the faces 
of, for instance, known terrorists ar air- 
ports or gangsters in casinos. 

Privacy issues were not much of a 
concern in the first commercial systems 
because they were in relatively isolated 
installations — mainl y fingerprint and 
hand-recognition systems to unlock 
doors and chronicle employee time and 
attendance. 

But that is changing as companies try 
to lower costs by automating services. 
Labor, for example, represents 70 per- 
cent of the cost of running Mr. Payroll’s 


chain of 152 check-cashing booths in 
convenience stores. It turned to face 
recognition to remain in service 24 hours 
a day. 

“Hand and finger prints were too 
intrusive,” said Michael Stinson, pres- 
ident of Mr. Payroll, a subsidiary of Cash 
America International, a pawnshop 
chain. “If the banks had trouble with 
fingerprints, we didn't want any part of 
it." 

But face recognition, though relative- 
ly untested, has been in place in the 
company's six machines for two months 
and appears to work. (If faces do not 
match automatically, human agents at a 
central location perform a manual 
double check, talking to the customer by 
telephone to resolve problems.) 

The great advantage of face recog- 
nition is that it requires little or no co- 
operation from the subject "When 
someone sits down at a blackjack table 


and wins $5,000, it’s easy for the guy in 
the security control room to zoom the 
camera in on him and posh the identify 
button,” said Kevin Mayer, president of 
Integrated Controls, a company in Al- 
buquerque, New Mexico, that is devel- 
oping these systems for several casinos 
that are seeking, for example, to identify 
card counters. “It can compare him to 
10,000 known gamblers." 

But face recognition can be foiled by 
people who grow beards, dye their hair 
or gain weight. And it can be fooled by 
twins. 

But “how often does an evil twin 
become a perpetrator of a fraud against 
the other twin?” asked Michael Ku- 
perstein, president of Miros Inc., which 
makes the face-recognition software 
used by Mr. Payroll. 

Many biometric systems rely on 
older, more tested measurements — fin- 
gerprints, for example. 


Despite their accuracy, same expegS 
say. fingerprints are associated to® 
closely with criminals to be accepted f2£ 
mass-market applications. And fing^* 
prints cannot be taken rejiably fros£ 
about 2 percent of the population 
cause some people. like brick layets* 
wear down their prints. 

Another biometric measure wide&n 
used is hand geometry, which measure^ 
the shape of several fingers or an 1 


it 


hand. The oldest general application $} 
biometrics has been at the University eft 
Georgia, which since 1972 has used^J 
hand-scanning system to let students ifij 
to its dining halls. *5 

“We don’t have any problems wiflf 
students who forget their meal cards £5 i 
said J. Michael Floyd, head of the foc8§( 
service department. -2 



• Recent technology articles: £ 

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PAGE 3 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


PAGE 7 


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THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 










PAGES 


THURS DAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 

EDITORIALS/OPINION 


lleralb 


IMER RATIONAL 



n'MJwui »mi tiik iwm tintu timhs and hie wamiimstun post 


After the UPS Strike 


(tribune Success in Bosnia Awaits a Persistent Clinton 


V in.1 A*' 


, !.*r I 11 

,,}f N'* 1 

( ( i” 


Labor leaders exulted on Tuesday in 
the settlement of the 15-day strike at 
United Parcel Service, for understand- 
able reasons. The Teamsters won most 
of their demands — for wage in- 
creases. for pension protections and 
especially for upgrading thousands of 
jobs from part time to frill lime. More 
than that, the union dramatized what 
it sees as a pernicious trend, the grow- 
ing reliance of companies on two- 
tiered work forces in which significant 
numbers of employees receive lower 
wages or benefits. 

It was far from clear, however, that 
the labor movement will be able to 
build on its victory to help workers 
elsewhere who have felt left out by the 
extraordinary economic boom of re- 
cent years. 

President Bill Clinton and Labor 
Secretary Alexis Herman played a con- 
structive role in pushing for a set- 
tlement of a strike that had begun to 
bun many businesses. But one of the 
most remarkable facts about the 
walkout at the world 's largest package 
delivery company was the extent of 
public " support generated by the 
185,000 strikers. Some surveys 
showed that .Americans supported 
them by a margin of 2 to I . 

President Clinton was probably cor- 
rect in warning that public approval 
might soon reach its limits, but news of 
widespread sympathy for the strikers 
galvanized people on the picket lines 
and no doubt contributed to United 
Parcel’s decision to make significant 
concessions. 

Some of that sympathy turned on 
unusual aspects of this particular 
strike. An enormous number of Amer- 
icans come into contact, with. United 
Parcel Service, and their esteem for the 
company turns out to be connected 
directly to the employees themselves. 
Ron Carey, president of the lnternS-" - 
tional Brotherhood of Teamsters, skill- 
fully advanced the most sympathetic 


Medical Mischief 


Shopper- cim'kk'ri. . the Sunbeam 
2 '! " "■/ heu" -TinJucls will 

on see :h«. m. ji hi the American Med- 
ical Association on the company’s 
heating pads, thermometers, bathroom 
scales and air cleaners. Consumers will 
easily leap to the conclusion that the 
doctors' group has lent its approval to 
these products after having system- 
atically evaluated them against com- 
peting lines. In fact, the use of the seal 
is the fruit of an exclusive business 
deal, its financial terms undisclosed, 
announced last week by the AM A and 
Sunbeam. Consumer’ activists and 
some in the medical community have 
expressed outrage. and rightly so. 

Everyone familiar with the phrase 
"Crest has been shown to be an ef- 
fective decay -preventive dentifrice" 
know s that professional groups such as 
the American Dental Association and 
the American Heart Association for 
years have permitted commercial 
products to carry their testimonials. 
The difference between the practice 
of these groups and the AM A -Sun- 
beam plan is. first, that the AMA seal 
will for five years go only to Sunbeam 
products and. second, that the medical 
group will collect substantial royalty 
fees rather than just nominal costs of 
certification. 

AMA spokesmen portray the ar- 
rangement as an extension of the as- 
sociation's public health education 


campaign encouraging use of safe 
home health equipment. Proceeds from 
leasing the seal, they explain, will go to 
research, some of it joinily conducted 
with Sunbeam. AMA educational ma- 
terials will be included with Sunbeam 
products at ihe point of sale. 

But what about Sunbeam's com- 
petitors? Have they no access to the 
150-year-old AMA’s trusted seal? 
Would the AMA withdraw its seal if a 
Sunbeam product were found defect- 
ive? If the AMA is to imply that the. 
products that carry its seal are superior. 
Federal Trade Commission regulations . 
require that it perform impartial tests. 

AMA members have an interest in 
the financial health of their profes- 
sional association, and they know well 
the group’s rules against financial self- 
referral in selecting products or pre- 
scribing drugs. So if the public edu- 
cation campaign is so important, why 
not fund it with a dues increase? 

If the AMA really wanted to serve the 
public, says Michael Jacobson, exec- 
utive director of the Center for Science 
in the Public Interest, it would evaluate 
all medical products without charging a 
fee. That would be asking a lot of a 
297,000-member group that has a host 
of medical and federal policy issues on. 
its plate, but it would be far less un- 
seemly than this new departure of auc- 
tioning off its seal to a sole bidder. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


The Postwar Revolution 

In Western Europe (and to a lesser 
degree in Canada and in Australia) the 
fear of poverty, poverty through dis- 
ease or through old age. is gone. 

"Poverty" is a relative term; the 
poverty of 1 900 in prosperous Western ■ 
Europe is hard for a modem person to 
fathom. Within that poverty it made 
economic sense for a farm woman to 
spend days in the fields, bent over, 
picking up wheat stalks left by the 
reapers and coming home after 12 
hours with an apronful. Families saved 
the equivalent of a dime a week to 
assure themselves decent funerals, and _ 
it made, economic sense' for The "in- 
surance firm to send someone around 
every week to pick up the dime. 

In my Amsterdam childhood every — 
body who worked for the town or the 
state, even as a street sweeper, was 
considered privileged, because he or 
she could look forward without fear to 


old age with a guaranteed pension. A 
streetcar conductor made a very eli- 
gible bachelor. 

In these countries, after the trauma 
of war and occupation, time stood still 
for one beat in 1945. There was room 
to think and a need ro think things over. 
Governments owed their people, hav- 
ing let them down and failed to protect 
them, and having demanded and gotten 
appalling sacrifices from them in order 
to make up for the governments' short- 
comings. This had already happened 
once, in 1918. when they reneged on 
their promises. 

They could have again but did not 
.in 1945.. In that climatear body oFlaw " 
was created to abolish poverty and 
its discriminations. A completely orig- 
inal framework for human interaction 
way built,-and-its influence oa-daiiy- 
life was huge. 

— From “Notes on the Twentieth 
Century" in the September issue of 
The Atlantic Monthly, by Hans Honing. 


spokesmen for the cause — hardwork- 
ing part-time employees who said they 
simply wanted to be paid at the same 
rate as their full-time colleagues. It was 
a genuine feat for a union plagued by a 
reputation for corruption. 

The image of the workers in this 
case was in marked contrast to what 
the public felt was sullen behavior by 
the air traffic controllers in 1981 and 
the high-paid baseball players of more 
recent vintage. 

More broadly, the issue of part-time 
employment struck a nerve among 
people worried about job security and 
lagging wages. Despite recent small 
improvements in wage levels for 
middle- and lower-level workers, the 
corporate downsizing of the 1990s has 
undeniably made Americans more 
doubtful about their employers and 
more sympathetic to those whose 
wages have not kept up. That was one 
reason portable health insurance and 
the minimum wage won bipartisan 
support in Congress, last year. Politi- 
cians and companies would do well not 
to ignore this larger trend. 

It will be tempting for many analysts 
to say that the labor movement is on the 
mend after decades of decline. Labor's 
legislative victories, including its 
battles against steep cuts in Medicare, 
have certainly been impressive. But the 
country's current sympathy for the 
problems of some workers does not 
necessarily open a new chapter in in- 
dustrial relations. It will still be difficult 
to reconcile the age-old conflict be- 
rween union pressure for higher wages 
and the fear of inflation in financial 
markets and corporate boardrooms. 

Strikes, of course, involve issues of 
economics and issues of perception. 
This strike 's most lasting benefit might 
well be in persuading corporate em- 
ployers that the public judges them by 
the treatment of their lower-paid and • 
most vulnerable workers. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


W ASHINGTON — Do Bill Clin- 
ton, Congress and die Pentagon 
have die patience and skill to play out a 
winning hand in the Bosnian conflict? 
Six months ago an intelligent odds- 
maker would have put big money 
against. Today it looks like an even bet 
that is improving. 

. In recent weeks President Clinton 
has re-engaged his administration in a 
crisis that had been allowed to drift 
during his re-election campaign and the 
start of his second term. His modest 
moves on Bosnia have been aided by 
events on the ground, where Serbian 
nationalism now devours itself instead 
of massacring its neighbors. 

The force of Serbian nationalism, 
and the brutal way in which it was 
expressed in concentration camps and 
the slaughter of prisoners, made Bosnia 
an international crisis six years ago. 
Uncertainly and ineptly — and at enor- 
mous human cost — the United States 
and Western Europe have finally blun- 
ted and contained that force. 

The Bosnian Serb leader (and in- 
dicted war criminal) Radovan Karadzic 
now struggles with his former protege, 
Biljana Plavsic, for control of the rump 
Serbian republic within Bosnia. In Bel- 
grade,' the man who ignited the Bal- 
kans to secure his own power base, 
Slobodan Milosevic, declines to help - 


By Jim Hoagland 


either Mr. Karadzic or Mrs. Plavsic, or 
otherwise intervene. 

Mr. Milosevic attempts to be a Dr. 
Frankenstein who can separate his fate 
from that of the monster he created. 
The Serb stopped the war in Bosnia by 
signing the Dayton peace agreement in 
December 1995, but he will not deliver 
the coup de grace to Mr. Karadzic and 
the other warlords he once supported. 

That duty falls to Mrs. Plavsic. 67, 
the former biology teacher whom Mr. 
Karadzic put in the Bosnian Serb Re- 
public presidency a year ago. Evidently 
disgusted by his corruption' and total 
disregard for the penury his war has 
brought to Bosnian Serbs, she has 
turned on her creator. She has de- 
nounced him and is attempting to curb 
the police and paramilitary forces .that 
protect him from arrest by NATO. 

The United States and Britain have 
come down heavily on Mrs. Plavsic’s 
side and are trying to manipulate this 
split among the Serbs into a decisive 
showdown. Washington backs Mrs. 
Plavsic’s clearly extra-constitutional 
dissolution of the Bosnian Serb Par- 
liament and her call for October elec- 
tions for a new legislative body. 

This support is a risky short-term 


beL Mr. Karadzic’s forces have more 
firepower than do Mrs. Plavsic's. They 
might weQ maintain control of the leg- 
islature. And the American history of 
micromanaging foreign coups and 
countercoups, from Afghanistan to 
Vietnam, is not promising. 

But the longer-term gamble is sound. 
Even if Mr. Karadzic prevails in a shoot- 
oat or a palace coup, die split within the 
Bosnian- Setb Republic will deepen. 
This weakens the Serbs, as the Muslim- 
led forces of die Bosnian army continue 
to strengthen themselves with U.S. help. 
As Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright reminded Mrs. Plavsic on a June 
visit that inaugurated the new U.S. act- 
ivism on Bosnia, the collapse of the 
Dayton accord could bring disastrous 
military consequences for the Serbs. 

Mr. Karadzic no longer has the im- 
plicit option that existed in the first year 
of the Dayton agreement- He could 
have disappeared, with his loot, and 
lived quietly elsewhere. His open de- 
fiance of Dayton has made his capture 
and trial in The Hague mandatory. A 
political or physical shoot-out with 
Mrs. Plavsic will m ake that reality even 
more apparent, and urgent. 

The chances for rescuing the Dayton 
agreement have also been improved by 
the new energy and focus that Tony 
Blair's government in London has 


brousht to Bosnia, and by the amvaj [fife; - 
General Wesley Clark as NATOjj®^ . 
mander. General Clark represented* \ 
Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Dayton-- 
negotiations. He has a personal stake my _ 
and knowledge of the agreement. 

Time is Mr. Karadzic s only possible, ; 
savior. The U.S. and British rrotys ifcrt ■ 
protect Mrs. Plavsic, and would cany ' 
bur the snatch of Mr. Karadzic if a is * 
ordered, are due to withdraw next June. * . 
Events could drag Mr. Clinton s at- - 
tendon away from Bosnia once again, *■ • 
Divisive debates in the U.S. Senate next - 
spring on NATO enlargement and a - - • 
continued military role in Bosnia could;*- s 
plav into Serbian hands. 

Bui those would all be unforced er- 
rors. Thev can be avoided through pa- ■ A 
tience and consistency. Fust of all. Mr. 1 W 
Clinton, Congress and the Pentagon 
should agree ro announce early this;; 
autumn that U.S- troops will remain in /, 
an international force in Bosnia for at .- 
least one year beyond the present June | • 
1998 withdrawal date. 'V 

That would separate congressional ' - 
action on Bosnia from the NATO ex- 
pansion debate, which is likely to turn ‘ 
ugly over burden-sharing questions. It ■ 
would also tell Radovan Karadzic that ' 
he is makin g a bad bet by hoping to 1 • 
outwait the United States. 

The Washington Post. 


Why Should a Society’s Economic Burdens Be So Lopsided? 


P ARIS — A question. Who 
would you think the author 
of the following: 

"There is exploitation when 
an owner considers workers not 
as his associates or auxiliaries 
but as instruments from whom 
to obtain the most service at 
the least possible cost. The ex- 
ploitation of man by man is 
slavery. A worker considered 
as a mere production unit has 
no better status than a piece of 
machinery.” 

It sounds like Marx or Engels, 
or another of the early socialists. 
It was actually said before 
Marx, in a course on commer- 
cial law. taught by a scholar and 
writer who will be beatified this 
week by the Pope. 

The author is Antoine Fr£- 
cUSric Ozanam, an early 19th 
century French intellectual and 
law and literature teacher, 
whose work on social theory' 
was to have great importance to 
the 20th century social thought 
of the Catholic Church, and 
who has been a major influence 


By William Pfaff 


full-time pensioned workers 
with lower-paid, unpensianed 
part-timers has been no more 
than an attempt to meet the com- 
petition. Sixty percent of UPS 
employees are now part-time. 

Thai is the way all the big 
employers have gone, or tried to 
go, under pressure both their 
competitors and (ironically) the 
big pension funds which dom- 
inate Wall Street and demand 
high stock values and high 
quarterly profits. 

Two years after a rebellion 
began in Western Europe 
against the tyranny of the global 
market, with big strikes in 
France, followed by last De- 
cember's social explosion in 
South Korea and labor tensions 
in Germany this spring and 
summer. American workers are 
at last also demanding to know- 
why the full price of global- 
ization should fail on them. 


while stockholders and man , 
ageis get the benefits. 

The significant thing about 
the UPS strike was that the pub- 
lic was largely with the strikers, 
as they had been in the earlier 
French and German strikes. 
Fifty-five percent of Americans 
polled at the end of last week 
supported The strikers: only 27 
percent approved the UPS man- 
agement’s position. 

In 1981 the public acqui- 
esced in Ronald Reagan's dis- 
missal of striking air traffic con- 
trollers and their replacement 
by what the labor movement 
once called scabs. That was 
the beginning of labor's decline 
in the United States, a decline 
prepared by the unions' abuses 
of their power. The UPS strike 
may now prove an equally 
significant shift in American 
social history. 

Such a shift would not auto- 


matically benefit unions, which 
are still viewed skeptically by a 
majority of Americans. But the 
public seems now in agreement 
with Ozanam’ s objection to hu- 
man labor being treated as a 
commodity. 

Former Labor Secretary 
Robert Reich noted this week 
that corporate profits have aug- 
mented by 19 percent in the last 
five years while average sal- 
aries stagnated. UPS profits last 
year were SI. 15 billion on a 
S22.4 billion turnover. 

Such profits have come in 
pan through the replacement of 
full-time workers with less 
well-paid part-timers. The basic 
issue is not, of course, full-time 
versus part-time working. It is 
equal pay and equal protections 
for equal work. Some compa- 
nies have deliberately attempted 
to promote a climate of inse- 
curirv in their w ork forces. The 
public would seem now to be 
saying that enough is enough. 


Last January (Opinion; Jafi 
13 1 l wrote a column asking 
why it should be taken for gran- 
ted that workers should pay th’d 
costs of globalization while in* 
vestors and management take 
the profits. That evoked a negf 
ative comment from The Edo* 
nomist — in the sneering tone 
which has come to characterize - 
what was once a responsible " 
magazine — about such “bletfi - - 
mgs" about social justice. Bfir 
The Economist didn't answer 
the question. ■ 

Nor do I know of anyoneelsft - 
who has given a morally it*| 
sponsible explanation as to why 
the burdens should be allocated 
in this way. The apparent reason - 
is simply that labor is vulneff .. 
able, while the public has beta 
confused and frightened by the A 
pace and costs of global izatiotL 1 . - 
That now may be changing. Iris 
imperative that it change. ; r> 

International Herald Tribune. ! .. . 

® Los Angeles Times Syndicate. V ' 


; 7-; 


£355*“® Look, Wealth Is Bringing Liberty and Equality 


At the time of the 1 848 rev- 
olution. Ozanam ran for the 
French National Assembly call- 
ing for a minimum wage, what 
today would be termed family- 
welfare allocations, and paid re- 
tirement for workers. 

He was considered by many 
of his contemporaries a dan- 
gerous leftist. He died in 1853 
aged 40. He was one of the 
founders of the charitable Saint 
Vincent de Paul societies found 
today in many Catholic parishes 
around the world. 

I note his beatification this 
week by John -Paul JQ because it 
takes place at the moment when 
in the United States, the citadel 
of globalized, downsizing, part- 
time-working capitalism, a cru- 
cial social battle bas just ended 
on issues like those which con- 
cerned Ozanam. I am talking, of 
course, abour the' United Parcel 
Service strike, and what the un- 
ions claim as their victory. 

Nearly everyone seems to 
agree that UPS has been a quite 
decent company, and that its 
effort in recent years to replace 


W ASHINGTON — Only a 
mind as closed as an 
oyster could miss the domin- 
ating fact of contemporary 
American politics. It is that 
American society is creating 
wealth at an astonishing rate. 
Only a mind as acute as Chris 


By George F. Will 


Since 1700. the average life 
span in Western societies has 
doubled. Today material neces- 
sities (food, shelter) are so uni- 
versaJJv available that the orob- 


informaiive measure of indi- 
vidual welfare, as is demon- 
strated by this fact: Western de- 
mocracies have become so 


from workers to nonworkers fof 
the subsidization of two tilings 
that were virtually unknown just 
a few generations ago — nob* 
work (retirement, extended 
schooling) and ambitious cuierff 


Ltl\[m\ 

b L. . ■ 


DeMuth ’s can- fully construe — material- -scarcity, has" been 
this fact. Mr. DeMuth, president solved. Poverty.’ Mr. DeMuth 


lem of poverty, understood as history , "voluntary reduction 


wealthy that, for the f rst time in ical care < replaceable body partst , 


of the American Enterprise In- 
stitute, argues that as America 
rapidly becomes rich beyond 
the dreams of even our parents, 
it also becomes freer and more 
egalitarian. And this wealth, 
freedom and equality are caus- 
ing the welfare state to unravel. 

That we are rapidly becoming 
richer is clear. People who deny 
that equality is increasing are 
fixated on the recent small in- 
crease in income inequality. That 
increase, the subject of an un- 
ceasing journalistic drumbeat, is. 
Mr. DeMuth argues, a small in- 
congruity in the long-term "lev- 
eling of material circumstances" 
that bas been underway for three 
centuries and is accelerating. 


notes, now is a problem of in- 
dividual behavior, social orga- 
nization and policy, not of so- 
ciety’s material scarcities. 

Two cenruries ago. land was 
the essential source of wealth. 
One century ago. physical cap- 
ital was. Today, human capital 

— knowledge, cognitive skill 

— is, and such capital is widely 
distributed by nature and is aug- 
mented by universal education. 
Furthermore, sexual equality 
has advanced so far that young 
men and women of comparable 
education and training now earn 
essentially equal incomes. 

As societies become more 
wealthy. Mr. DeMuth argues, 
money income becomes a less 


Good Work Deserves a Living Wage 



W ASHINGTON — Mayor 
Tom Menino has ap- 
proved the most far-reaching 
^living wage” law yet enacted 
in the United States. Effective 
next year, Boston will require 
any private company that does 
business with the city to pay its 
workers at least $7.49 an hour. 

That is more than $2 above 
the-federaJ minimum wage: it is 
the hourly pay rale that yields 
an annual income equal to the 
federal poverty line for a family 
of four. Firms are covered if the 
city awards them contracts, 
grants, loans, tax breaks or oth- 
er financial benefits worth at 
least $100,000. 

Los Angeles enacted similar 
legislation last March by a 
unanimous vote of its city coun- 
cil. Variations are already on 
the books in New York, Mil- 
waukee and Baltimore, among 
other cities. 

The living wage campaign, 
which dates only to 1993, is the 
most interesting grassroots en- 
terprise to emerge since the civil 
rights movement. Promoted by 
a loose coalition of community, 
religious and labor groups, often 
spearheaded by the Association 
of Community Organizations 
for Reform Now, it signals a 
resurgence of local activism 
around jpocketbook issues. 

The basic theme is that, in a 
nation as rich as America, any- 
one who works full time should 
not have to live in poverty. 

In one city after another, or- 
dinarily powerful business 


By Robert Kuttner 


groups have been blindsided by 
a strong organizing drive that 
puts local elected officials on 
the spoL. Who could be against 
paying workers a living wage? 

Business, not surprisingly, 
insists that such initiatives are 
bad for the business climate. 
Seemingly, a living wage law 
enacted one city at a time would 
be economic suicide. Compa- 
nies would just relocate, and the 
city with the higher wage stan- 
dards would lose jobs. 

But these laws are astutely 
crafted to require that city con- 
tractors, wherever they are lo- 
cated. must meet city wage 
standards. Business can run, but 
it can't hide. 

Opponents say higher wage 
costs eliminate jobs. But similar 
aiguments were made against 
the rise in the federal minimum 
wage. In fact, the good eco- 
nomic times have more than 
offset the slightly higher wage 
costs; better pay is frequently 
associated with lower turnover 
and with productivity gains. 
Business continues to create 
jobs at an impressive clip. 

Since John Sweeney took 
over as president of tbe AFL- 
CIO, the national labor move- 
ment has embraced the living 
wage campaign. Local drives 
are now under way in Al- 
buquerque, Denver, Phil- 
adelphia and St. Louis. 

The living wage campaign. 


like the Teamsters’ effort to cur- 
tail the shift to part-time jobs, 
helps spotlight the split-level 
character of the current eco- 
nomic boom. Despite relatively 
low unemployment, millions of 
jobs don't pay what used to be 
called a family wage. 

This trend can be challenged 
on multiple fronts. A higher 
federal minimum would make a 
living wage national policy; an 
expanded earned income tax 
credit can reward work by in- 
creasing take-home pay; unions 
can escalate the campaign 
against a two-tier work force. 

Living wage legislation at the 
city level not only raises earn- 
ings of low- wage workers; it also 
discourages privatizations inten- 
ded mainly to cut pay scales. If 
even private contract workers 
must be paid nearly $7.49 an 
hour, cities have less temptation 
to contract work ouL 

In this era of diminished ex- 
pectations and hollow politics, 
the living wage campaigns are a 
heartening reminder that eco- 
nomic distress can rekindle 
grassroots political energy. 

The gross inequality of the 
1990s is a national disgrace. 
Amid glittering affluence, mil- 
lions of Americans report punc- 
tually to work, perform con- 
scientiously — and still don’t 
take home enough money to 
escape poverty. If remedying 
that disgrace is truly bad' for 
business, the flaw is "not in the 
remedy but in the system. 

Washington Past Writers Group. 


in time spent at paid employ- 
mem has become a major social 
and economic phenomenon." 
This reduction appears in ex- 
panded education of the young 
and. even more, in longer re- 
tirement of the elderly. 

When Social Security was 
enacted in 1935. the idea of 
retirement was, for most Amer- 
icans. exotic. Mr. DeMuth says 
mosi men worked until they 
dropped, and they dropped 
early. Today the explosive 
growth of the sports, entertain- 
ment and travel industries in- 
dicates a social revolution 
quantified by Robert Fogel. 
one of the University of Chi- 
cago's stable of Nobel Prize- 
winning economists. 

He estimates that since 1 880. 
the time devoted each week by 
the average American male 
head of household to nonwork 
activities has risen from 10.5 
hours to 40 hours, while time 
at work has been cut nearly in 
half, from 61.6 to 33.6. So in- 
come inequality has widened 
as social equality has increased. 
It has widened, in part, because 
of the ability of people to 
choose to substitute leisure for 
income -producing work. 

Today, Mr. DeMuth notes. 


exotic diagnostic and phamur 
cological technologies — a fir 
cry from 1900 medicine, whic}). 
consisted largely of trying .to 
make patients comfortable until 
nature killed or cured them). ' ^ . 

Access to financial expertise 
has been democratized. Anyon^ 
who mails SI 00 to a mutual 
fund thereby hires top-grade in- 
vestment management. Which 
is one reason why. while plj- 
vatization of Social Security 
languidly debated in Washing 
ton, private savings (including 
mutual funds, pension plan4 
and other investments such as 
housing) have already sur^ 
passed Social Security as -'3 
source of retirement income. 

Expanded autonomy frees in- 
dividuals for admirable and im- 
proving pursuits — and for ufr* 
worthy and self-destructrv€ 
behavior. With the growth of 
wealth, freedom and equality 
has come an equally astounding 
explosion of social pathologies 
from family disintegration arid 
illegitimacy to drug abuse and 
vulgar popular entertainment '* 

Citizens are taming their at- 
tention, as individuals and ai 
members of civic and religious 
groups, to the question: What S 
freedom for? The question is 
itself among the luxuries of ‘a 


fci-r. ■- • 
I:.' 

^ ul::v 
llr-...- 


•>.j, ; 

butij v . 

•iw.,r. • 

at ij r . 

Ifjrur.- 

’■ 

. A r 

‘■r,.K, r ; 

J V; 
UGhtfr-J 
lair,- w 

Up ,.- 1 

• H, • ’ 


government’s principal activity wealthy, free and equal society. 
Consists of transferring income Washington Post Writers Group. - ‘ 

IN OURPAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO! 


1897: Anarchist Killed 

SAN SEBASTIAN — The as- 
sassin of Senor Canovas del 
Castillo was executed in the 
prison of Vergara. Angiolillo 
staunchly refused to have the 
ministrations of monks or Je- 
suits, who hoped to bring him to 
repentance. He even com- 
plained bitterly against the sort 
of moral pressure which the 
churchmen were bringing to 
bear upon him. He passed his 
rime in expounding anarchist 
theories with the warders 
charged with guarding him. “1 
die,” he said, “for having 
avenged my brothers in an~ 
archy: but, in my turn, 1 will be 
avenged by others." 

1922: Motorless Flight 

BERLIN — Announcement is 
made here that Engineer 
Martens made a motorless flight 
of I hr. 6min.. alighting at a dis- 


ing nine times over the flying 
grounds. It is claimed that he has 
solved the problem of motorless 
flight. Germans have long held 
the record of persistency and 
achievement in motorless flight, 
one of the earliest exponents of 
gliding and soaring being the 
well-known LilienthaJ. 

1947: U.S. Outpost *; 

NAHMTTZ, Russian-Occupied 
Germany — On the edge of this 
Prussian farm village deep in the 
Soviet Zone lies the “Nahmitz 
outpost." a patch of land, thirty 
yards by fifty, with the Amer- 
ican flag waving over it. This 
"island," enclosed by barbed 
wire, serves as an aid station for 
Allied travelers on the auto- 
bahn, which is the only link for 
American. British and French 
between Berlin and the Western 
zones of Germany. Because 
boredom pervades the confined 
life here, the island dwellers are 


lance of eight miles after soar- . routed every two weeks. 






ia. 1 . *■»-— *«nn« iilV'-.lt' 


, tttfwmoni 4JL 1W 


PAGES' 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


PAGE 9 



4,, Wo 


OPINION/LETTERS 


n 


A Chance for Europe to Bounce Back 
And Accept Some Essential Anxiety 

TKitvivi . •* 


L are so convinced dmEurope ^ Bobert J. Samueison 
gs bexome an economic- basket 

- — was victory in roe 
■ J? American view, Europe er^tereft raiesln FaiJcJaDds War previous year, 

suffers from an Overgenerous wel- Can Fumnp hn*at 1 ^!f fl0n ' Finally, there is the stigma of 

fare state and an obsession with iob Periiao^On^mii#, 5 ^ e ’ u se& ning to ditch the “European 
security. Companies face too many aliSdo^ has anomic model” for the allegSly 

regulations and tnn aireaoy aone it. Britain. Its un- cruel “Anrin-S**nn nwUi ” 

^eunemploT^KweU *■«* fan 

tor staying idle. Certainly, jobless- 

“* execrated: each mixes gov- 

21 percent in Spain But a casein a - “ mons - eminent protections and market 

be made that Europe's economy is m **“ forces ' Even ““V Europeans see 

pn the verge ofTreviJS SiU i!S2lr i° S “ PpresS their mix as too protective. 

increasingly drs- 


London. Her early policies were 
unpopular (unemployment was 12 
percent in 1983.}. What re-elected 
her in 1983 was victory in the 


cruel “Anglo-Saxon model.’ 

_____ iu— m , r r ~ — But the odds are noL impossible. 

less th^f 7°S^ en t 10 199 if° ^ debate over rivaJ m«fa is 
less than 7 percent now. The artificial, because lhe differences 

unions. 


I 

M 


T ? 


.<> 


Prided* 




0 


r f f 


/ hn 


■l 


Let s start with the unmistak- 
able signs of Europe’s recovery 

XiS 0 *? are buoyanL In 

.jvv/ the German marker is up 
about 50 percent, the Italian 35 
percent and the British 20 percent, 
surveys of business confidence 
show big gains. Growth prospects 
nave improved. Thomas Mayer 
trn economist at Goldman Sachs in 
Frankfurt predicts that Europe's 
gross domestic product will in- 
crease by 2.3 percent in 1997 and 
2.6 percent in 1998. up from I 7 
percent in 1996. 

~ Europe finally seems to have 
overcome the aftershock of Ger- 
man reunification. Germany fin- 
anced the huge costs — providing 
new roads and social benefits 
while closing inefficient compa- 
res — largely by borrowing. The 
Bundesbank feared that the 

S ding boom would raise in- 
>n. To prevent thai it in- 
creased interest rates. Other coun- 
tries- — which had no boom — had 
tq follow suit under Europe's 
fixed-exchange-rate system. 

-- The depressing effect of high 
interest rates has now passed, be- 
cause the Bundesbank has gradu- 
ally lowered them. This invigor- 
ating .effect is being further 
amplified by a drop of most Euro- 
pean currencies against the dollar 
and yen. That enhances Europe's 
export prospects. So far, so good. 
.. But what really matters is 
whether the recovery is long 
enough — and strong enough — to 
reduce joblessness from the present 
1 1 percent to, say, 6 or 7 percent 
T -In theory, Europe's economy 

percent for a number ^ of years 
through lower unemployment and 
normal labor-force and productiv- 
ity growth. But a sluggish expan- 
sion would barely affect unem- 
ployment Whai haunts Europe is 


firms. New labor laws made strikes 
harder. In 1984 and 1985 Mrs. 
Thatcher faced down the powerful 
coal miners in a strike. 

As job security and union 
power eroded, wage bargaining 
became more restrained. Wages 
no longer automatically rose with 
prices. Workers had to consider 
that they might price themselves 
out of a job. 

Something similar needs to 
happen in the rest of Europe. If 
workers never fear losing their 
jobs, there is little reason to re- 
strain wages. Some uncertainty, 
anxiety and fear are essential. 

But of course, uncertainty, anxi- 
ety and fear are unpopular. The 
paradox is that the things govern- 
ments do to minimize these 
scourges — - legal job guarantees, 
higher minimum wages and vari- 
ous industry protections — weaken 
job creation. Unemployment drifts 
up because the young can’t find 
work, and some industries shrink. 

The central question for Europe 
is whether it can use its recovery to 
pare back self-defeating policies 
and practices. Let's imagine a vir- 
tuous circle. As the recovery ac- 
celerates. governments loosen 
protective policies precisely when 
their constituents need them less. 
Unemployment drops, sustaining 

cess to continue. Wages* (and* in- 
flation) remain tame, because 
heightened job insecurity — the 
consequence of past unemploy- 
ment — prompts wage restraint. 

Granted, the odds against this 
are long. Countless politicians 
who have tinkered with the present 
system have been burled from of- 
fice. France's recent conservative 
government is the latest example. 
Even Mrs. Thatcher’s success was 
a bit of a fluke, says David Walton, 
an economist at Goldman Sadis in 


enchanted with restrictions on 
their freedom and are more will- 
ing to resort to layoffs. The com- 
mon European currency would re- 
quire more flexibility to adapt to 
new competitive conditions. 

Timing is everything in pol- 
itics, and an improving economy 
and a shifting intellectual climate 
create an opportunity. It gives 
Europeans a chance for renewal. 
If they miss it, they can blame 
only themselves. 

Newsweek. 



“Imagine means-testing Medicare -as if anyone 
needed government help more than us. ’ 


Seventeen, Pregnant, 
And Not About to Wed 


By Melissa JLudtke 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Karadzic at Large 

Regarding the editorial " Fo- 
cusing on Bosnia" (Aug. 18): 

The argument is made that the 
use of American troops in an op- 
eration to arrest Radovan Karad- 
zic would be too risky. This 
grossly overestimates the military 
threat that Mr. Karadzic and his 
followers pose, and grossly un- 
derestimates the threat of his con- 
tinued grip on Republika Srpska to 
peace and democracy in Bosnia. 

No military action is without its 
risks. But overwhelming the 
“special police” who guard Mr. 
Karadzic's villa should pose little 
problem for the world's leading 
military alliance. 

The arrest action in Prijedor last 
month shows that the risks of re- 
taliation are limited- There were 
no serious incidents following the 
NATO action. 

The real risk is in not arresting 
Mr. Karadzic. He remains in ef- 
fective control of Republika 
Srpska, blocking all of the Clinton 
administration’s key goals for 
peace budding, including en- 
hanced respect for human rights 


through police and judicial re- 
form, tackling corruption and or- 
ganized crime, the return of 
refugees to their homes and the 
holding of free and fair elections, 
scheduled for Sept 13 and 14. 

Every effort by the internation- 
al community ro “sideline” or 
“intimidate” has failed. After re- 
peated assurances, Slobodan Mi- 
losevic’s empty promises to curb 
him should convince no one. 

President Bill Clinton has 
stated that “peace cannot endure 
long without justice.” Radovan 
Karadzic has twice been indicted 
for war crimes, including geno- 
cide and crimes against humanity. 
The time to arrest him is now. 

LOTTIE LEJCHT. 

Human Rights Watch. 

Brussels. 

JOHN W. HEFFERNAN. 

Coalition for International 
Justice. Washington. 

Once cannot but applaud the 
editorial ’s call for the new NATO 
commander in Bosnia, General 
Wesley Clark, to “give his forces 
an expanded role in safeguarding 


refugees returning to communi- 
ties where they are members of an 
ethnic minority.” But Muslims 
and Serbs cannot be expected to 
resettle in Republika Srpska while 
Mr. Karadzic is undisturbed, 
guarded by his own special police 
just outside Sarajevo, instead of 
awaiting trial in The Hague. 

ANNA HUSARSKA. 

Sarajevo. 

Aid to Phnom Penh 

Regarding the report "Unity on 
ASEAN Mediation" (July 28): 

The article states that “some 
major donors, including Aus- 
tralia, have suspended aid to 
Phnom Penh to protest Mr. Hun 
Sen’s takeover of the govern- 
ment.” Australia has not suspen- 
ded its aid program to Cambodia. 
At this stage, the program is con- 
tinuing for humanitarian reasons. 

ROBERT GLASSER. 

Canberra. 

The writer is director of the 
Mekong Section of the Australian 
Agency for International Devel- 
opment. 


Massachusetts 
r — She was 17 years old, six 
months pregnane with her second 
child, and living in public bousing 
in Boston with the 21-year-old 
man who is the father. 

She had earned a Graduate 
Equivalency Degree. Her boy- 
friend hadn’t, nor had he finished 
high school or secured a job. 

Did she intend to marry the 
father of her children? 

“Ger married? Never,” she 
told roe. 

Like most of the dozens of teen- 
age mothers 1 interviewed from 

MEANWHILE 

1992 to 1995, this young woman 
was raised in a poor and fractured 
family and community. 

Her mother and father were not 
married; her mother’s first hus- 
band was an alcoholic. The 
second husband, the young wom- 
an said, had tried to sexually abuse 
her. Her mother was unwilling to 
protect her, she claimed, so at 15 
she left home. Soon she became 
pregnant 

Lake most adolescent mothers 
— and there are half a million new 
ones each year in the United 
States — she was aimless, failing 
in school, feeling abandoned. She 
saw having a baby as giving her 
someone to belong to and 
something to be. 

Although the rate of births to 
teenage mothers has declined sig- 
nificantly since the 1950s, out-of- 
wedlock births to adolescents are 
way np: 76 percent of teenage 
mothers are not married, com- 
pared with 15 percent in 1960. 

The new U.S. welfare law of- 
fers a bonus of $20 million apiece 
to the five states that show the 
greatest two-year decline in out- 
of-wedlock births. 

There was a time, not very long 
ago, when it made sense for teen- 
agers who were about to become 
parents to get married, even 
though many such marriages did 
not last. Young men who hadn't 
finished high school could find 
steady jobs with decent wages, 
work that provided some benefits 
for families. 

There were also fewer expec- 
tations far women. If a teenager 
abandoned her education to be- 
come a wife and mother — as 
many did — most people con- 
sidered that trade-off acceptable. 


But today the employment 
prospects for poorly educated 
young men are dim. When men 
cannot provide for a family, they 
are less likely to get married. And 
when teenage mothers marry, 
many end up abandoning their 
own education. 

A lot of the young mothers I 
spoke with told me chat if they had 
married the father of their child, 
he would have insisted they leave 
school to devote their full energies 
to him and the child. 

Adolescent mothers often re- 
ceive essential support from fam- 
ily members — guidance and as- 
sistance that enable them to stay in 
school, leam how to be better par- 
ents, and prepare for employment. 
Some of them would lose that 
support if they got married and 
moved out 

Also, a young mother's family 
often views her in a different way 

Many adolescent 
mothers who marry 
end up abandoning 
their education. 


once she is married, expecting her 
and her husband to be self-suf- 
ficient. 

Would marriage mean that a 
poorly educated teenage mother 
would read to her children? Not 
necessarily. Would marriage 
mean that a very young mother 
would not become overwhelmed 
by her responsibilities and harshly 
discipline her child? No. 

It is important for a child to 
have both parents present But for 
young parents wno have little 
knowledge of how to raise chil- 
dren well, getting married, by it- 
self, will not solve the difficulties 
their children face. 

Most of the young mothers I 
visited said they were ready to be 
mothers, but not wives. They got 
it half right. Being a wife isn’t 
something an adolescent girl 
should take on. 

Our job is to help them, and their 
boyfriends, understand why they 
are not ready to be parents, either. 

77ie writer is author of the 
forthcoming "On Our Own: Un- 
married Motherhood in Amer- 
ica S' She contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times . 


BOOKS 


LONDON 

By Edward Rutheifurd. Illustrated. 829 
pages. $25.95. Crown Publishers. 
Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

U NLIKE the New York of the tele- 
vison police drama, London has 
never been the naked city, nor has its 
population ever been eight million. Still, 
a lot of people's stories are told in ‘ ’Lon- 
don,’’ Edward Rutherford's grand new 
novel, which traces the English city’s 
hjstory from the Druids to the Blitz. 

;ln fact, so many people's stories are 
told that you have to keep consulting a 
chart at the from of the book, which lists 
the names of 1 3 1 characters belonging to 
some seven families, who intermarry, 
change their names, make fortunes, sink 
to poverty, act heroically, practice vil- 
lainy, fight duels, make love, worship 
(Tod. counsel kings, preach sermons, 
build cathedrals, write poetry and do all 
rhe other things that have made English 
history for more than two millennia. 

‘ How on earth does one keep track of 
all these people through 21 episodes 
featuring the families’ successive gen- 
erations? The author makes it reason- 
ably easy. . . . 

.A Cambridge University graduate 

whose previous novels are “Sarara,” a 
10 000-year history of the city of Salis- 
bury, and “Russka.” a history of Russia. 
Rutherford is consciously trying to apply 
James Michener’s techniques to the 
United Kingdom. . „ 

, He gives the characters in London 
prominent physical traits like the long 
noses that characterize all the members 
of the Silversleeves family, o r the parches 
of silver hair and webbed fingers that 
keen showing up on the Duckets, or 
nmiemberable surnames Like 
and Bamikel (so-called becauseone an- 
cestor, a fearsome Viking 
liked killing children and gave the order 



before each raid, “Bairn ni kel,” or 
“Don’t kill the children.”). 

Each episode 
of bite-size chunks 
hangers (kerbhangens?) And telling 
greed, lust, revenge, loyalty, bravery, 
cleanliness and reverence. Rutherford's 
storytelling is often not subtle. 

But then plot and character profundity 
is hardly the point The purpose of “Lon- 
don” is to weave together the great events 
of English history and to embroider into 
that tapestry die famous figures. So typ- 
ical episodes concern the invasion by 
Julius Caesar's legions in 54 B.C.; the 
pressures on Anglo-Saxons to convert to 
Christianity in the seventh century, the 
rise of chivalry and the Crusades; the 
building of the Globe and St. Paul's Ca- 
thedral; the plague, the great London fire 
and War Tyler's rebellion, and the com- 
ing of the Industrial Revolution. 

We witness firsthand the lust of Henry 
VHL We overhear Geoffrey Chaucer 
deciding to write “The Canterbury 
Tales.” “Write it in Latin,” advises a 
friend who thinks that English is 
evolving too quickly. “Don’t let your 
life’s work be swept away. Leave a 
monument, for future generations.” 

T HE fun of it all is seeing the pieces 
fall into place. The origins of words 
and place names: at the time of the 
Norman Conquest, “the land was di- 
vided into country shires, each with a 
shire reeve — the sheriff — who col- 
lected the Kina’s taxes and oversaw 
justice.” How to forge and link chain 
mail, design a coat of arms, build the 
Tower of London, transform base metal 
into gold, or at least convince the gull- 
ible thai you can do so. . 

Certain shortcomings are inevitable. 
It’s hard to identify with a city, and you 
know how everything will turnout. Lon- 
don will survive and expand. Yet tor au 
the fon of the novel Rutferfoid has some 
serious points to make: As the god of his 


creation, he sits back and pares his fin- 
gernails, allowing villainy to be rewarded 
and virtne to be punished, and passing no 
final moral judgments on his characters. 
What he seems to mean by this is that the 
ways of history are inscrutable. 

More important to him is the won- 
derful distinctiveness of London. As one 
character representing his views pats it 
* ‘London was always a city of large num- 
bers of aliens who quickly assimilated.” 

He continues: ‘"I doubt very much 
whether our Anglo-Saxon ancestry 
would make up one part in four. We are, 
quite simply, a nation of European im- 
migrants with new graftings being added 
all the time. A genetic river, if you like, 
fed by any a amber of streams. ’ ’ 

And be pulls off scone remarkable 
effects, typical of them a description of a 
Puritan character named O Be Joyful 
Carpenter listening to the chiming of 
London's bells: “Louder and louder 
now their mighty ringing grew, clanging 
and crashing down the major scale, 
drowning out every puny tune, until even 
the dome of St Paul s itself seemed to be 
resonating in the din. And as he listened 
to this tremendous sound echoing all 
around him, so strident and so strong, it 
suddenly seamed to Carpenter chat he 
could hear therein a thousand other 
voices: the Puritan voices of Bunyan and 
his pilgrim, the voice of his father 
Gideon and his saints, of Martha, why 
even of the Protestant Almighty himself. 
And. lost in their massive chorus, for a 
moment forgetting everything, even his 
own poor soul, he hugged his grand- 
children and cried out in exultation: 

“‘Hear! Oh, hear the voice of the 
Lord!* 

“Then all tire bells of London rang, and 
then O Be Joyfiil was joyfol indeed.” 

What a delightful way to get the feel 
of London and of English history. 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on the 
staff of The New York Tunes. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Tru scott 

npWO Scandinavian teams 

"1 battled recently in the 
World Junior Team Champi- 
onship finals tn Hatful 

° Demiiark defeated Norway 

^«nish Eeam * 
Freddi Bronbum. 
Kristensen- Lars Lund Mad- 
ten. Morton Lund Msg*®. 
Niikkel Nohr and Jacob Ron. 
f:The Norwegians wonfte 

§Uver medal. Rus«a defeated 

Canada by 32 imps, winning 

semifinal against 
rig Denmark, Russia ** 
9 throughout, but the Danes 
Snatched a 5-imp V1C ■ 
tfe last five deals. 

- The Russians will long be 


haunted by the diagramed 
deal, which cost them far 
more than their margin of de- 
feat. , _ , 

The Russians use the Pol- 
ish Club system, and East’s 
one-diamond bid usually 
shows a five-card suit 
Lars Madsen made, a one- 
heait overcall, raised to game- 
He charged ahead with four 
no-trump, and the 
mond response showed thai 
North held neither an ace nor 

the trump king. . 

East doubled, unwisely, to 
ask for a diamond lead. South 
signed off in five hearts, 
jarowing the black aces were 

missing. , ^ 

Madsen’s brother and part- 
ner decided his diaraot^^ 

was just what partner t^» 

and bid slant This woul 
have seemed foolish after 


black-suit lead, but proved 
brilliant 

East doubled six hearts, 
hoping this would cancel the 
lead request. 

This did not get through to 
West, who led a diamond. 
South was alarmed by 
dummy but gratified by the 
lead. 

He threw a club from 
dummy, won in his hand and 
ruffed a diamond. He entered 
his hand with a trump lead 
and puffed a diamond. He 
entered his band with a trump 
lead and ruffed another dia- 

^ A second trump lead to his 
hand ler him throw two more 
clubs on diamond wronere 
and ruff his club with 
dummy’s last trump. Then a 

spade lead let him score bis 

long and make his slam. 


Five hearts was made in the 
replay. Denmark gained 14 
imps, and would have lost 13 
with another lead. 

NORTH 

* J 20 7 6 5 

O ID 8 5 3 2 

<t — 

*XQ5 

WEST D EAST 

*8832 * A Q 

V SB 97 

*7432 UJ108 

*1032 * A J 9 7 6 4 

SOOTH 

+ K4 

OARQS 4 

0 A Q 8 6 5 

*8 

Both sues were vulnerable. The 


bidding: 

West 

North 

East 

Sou* 

Pass 

Pass 

l ■» 

10 

Pass 


Pass 

4N.T. 

Pass 

5* 

DM. 

59 

Pass 

89 

DbL 

Pass 

Pass Pass 

Wen led the dtarannd nm. 



Mondays 
Wednesdays 
Fridays 
and Saturdays 


are 


INTERMARKET 


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THE WORLD'S DAILY NEWSPAPER 



J 




PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, T HURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 

HEALTH/SCIENCE 


A Mind Like a Computer: Handicap Can Be an Asset 




■m 








■■ ■. ^ ■' 


By Gary H. Anthes 


W ASHINGTON — Sara 
Miller, a computer pro- 
grammer, can detect flaws 
in software almost at a 
glance by spotting irregularities in the 
coding patterns. And she helps clients 
with programs she has not seen in years 
by using a “printout*’ of the program 
logic in her mind. 

But Ms. Miller, president of Nova 
Systems Inc. in Milwaukee, can be sty- 
mied by the most mundane decision if 
she has not encountered it before and 
“programmed” her brain with an ap- 
propriate response. And everyday ex- 
periences like traffic jams can send her 
into a panic so intense she likens them to 
running a four-minute mile. 

Ms. Miller, 42, is one of a small 
number of autistic adults who have 
found employment in computer work. 
Her case of autism is relatively mild, 
and she was diagnosed only five years 
ago. Unlike most autistics, she has nor- 
mal intelligence and is able to form 
relationships with other people. Indeed, 
Ms. Miller has turned her special ways 
of thinking — a mighty memory, vivid 
visualization and potent powers of con- 
centration — into vocational assets. 

“I have a very limited, black-and- 
white interpretation of the world.” said 
Ms. Miller. “And in computer program- 
ming, you either have the bit on or off." 

Autism is a complex neurological 
disorder often marked by the inability to 
form emotional attachments and com- 
municate. Poorly understood, it may 


Sara Miller runs a company that develops computer software. 


stem from immature development of 
certain parts of the brain combined with 
hyperdevelopment in other regions of 
the brain, and possibly abnormal brain 
chemistry. By one estimate, 80 percent 
of the 400,000 autistic people in the 
United States are mentally retarded. A 
few have IQs in the genius range. 

‘’Autism involves splinter skills ,” 
said Joel Smith, executive director of 
the Autism Services Association in 
Wellesley, Massachusetts. “In mental 
retardation, development is all at the 
same low level, but in some cases of 
autism, you get some skills that are very, 
very high and some that are low.’* 

Autism cannot be cured, but its symp- 
toms can be treated to varying degrees. 
The majority of autistics are often so 
disabled that they spend their lives un- 
der supervision, usually in special res- 
idential facilities. Only a few are like the 
autistic “savant" portrayed by Dustin 
Hoffman in the movie “Rain Man" — 
combining extraordinary mental gifts 
with debilitating social defects. But 
many seek out solitary activities like 
computer use. 

“There is something about com- 
puters that is very autism friendly,’ ’ said 
Dr. Ami Klin, assistant professor of 
child psychology at the Yale University 
Medical School. “Computers are veiy 
rigid, and so are the people we work 
with.” 

“One of my clients once had a very 
nice insight, ' * she added “He described 
himself as a computer simulation of a 
human being. He tried to decode the 
social world in a way that a computer 
would try to make sense of it.” 


Thai way of thinking clearly works 
for Ms. Mhler. Her company develops 
software that controls factory equip- 
ment like robotic welders. Before be- 
coming a programmer, she earned nigh 
marks as a quality control specialist in a 
food-processing plant. 

“I observed the logic of processing 
food," she said “I could remember a 
lot of details in my head at one time, 
kind of lilw the Rain Man counting 
cards.” 

Like Ms. Miller, Dr. Temple Grandin 
— the autistic "Anthropologist on 
Mars” in Oliver Sacks’s book by that 
name — uses rich computer metaphors 
to describe her thinking. “All of my 
memories are stored as images,” she 
said. “I can go and look at these pictures 
like Web pages on the Internet. 

T HAT is far from a handicap in 
Dr. Grandin’s work. .An as- 
sistant professor of animal 
science at Colorado State Uni- 
versity, she is recognized as a world 
expert in animal psychology and the 
design of humane facilities for cattle 
handlin g and slaughter. Her equipment 
is perfected by simulating its use in her 
brain, she says. 

“I can run the equipment in my head 
the way you would on a 3-D graphics 
work station," Dr. Grandin said “I used 
to think everybody could do that.” 

Ms. Miller's thinkin g is also in- 
tensely visual. Her response to any situ- 
ation is driven by memories of earlier 
experiences encoded as images, not 
words. “It’s like I'm always running a 
video camera. What I have to do is 


create memories from visit- 

als.” she said. “I can 1 ^ 

mvselfoutofa brown paper bag if ^ * 

I haven't seen something before. > 

Ms. Miller says she lacks "comraoir 
sense” when confronted with mundaro; 
but novel situations — for exampS, 
what to do with a used jelly jar fi 

Ms. Miller’s panic comes when sat 
faces situations for which she has m-- •= 
stored image and associated bebavuj 
lo°ic. “To'see a new customer on mg 
own would make me freeze in extreme 
anxietv." she said “It's this overwhelm- 
ina fear that a lion, tiger or bear is goite 
to'jump out at me. So my business pan? 
ner and I go for the first time together.i- 
■■On the next call, I can go by mysdff; * 
because I’ve built a visual memory of ▼ : 
where all rhe parts and pieces are. and! 
know where to look for the lions, tigers 
and bears." *■ T 

Ms. Miller’s reference to wild aa*- 
imals is perhaps a bit more than meta : 
phonc-tl. Autism often brings a hypef-| 
sensitivity to sights and sounds, arid 
according to Ms. Miller, that sensitivity 
is especially acute when visual images . 
are unfamiliar. 

Ms. Miller compares herself to a cat 
checking out new territory by compar- 
ing the images from new experiences 
with those in her memory. “I mateK 
them up, bit by bit," Ms. Miller said^ 
“As soon as I notice one bit that's nb£ 
the same, an alarm goes off. It’s sortor 
the animal fright reaction.” "‘‘i 

Gary H. A mhos, senior editor of ^ 
Computenvorld. wrote this for The y* 
Washington Post. 


m ll :L -i 



Estrogen Therapy? A Dilemma 


• iai-- 

! Cn 


By Jane E. Brody 

New York Timex Service 

EW YORK — Women of a 
certain age are justifiably 
confused One day they hear 
that taking postmenopausal 
estrogen may cut their risk of 
Alzheimer’s disease by more than 50 
percent 

The very next day, another study 
links die long-term use of postmen- 
opausal hormones to a 50 percent de- 
cline in deaths from heart disease but 
also a 43 percent increase in breast- 
cancer deaths. 

Since breast cancer is the disease 
most feared by American women — 
even though it is fin from being the 
biggest cause of death among them — it 
is easy to understand why most post- 
menopausal women are running scared. 
Only about a quarter to a third have 
chosen to use hormone replacement and 
of those, only about half will stay on the 
therapy for more than a few years. 

Should the hormones be taken? If so, 
for how long? Those questions are not 
easily answered Definitive statements 
about benefits and risks, and how they 
might apply to individual women, can- 
not be made now. That must await the 
results of long-term studies now in pro- 
gress, and full results may not be avail- 
able for more than a decade. 

Meanwhile, one million women in 
the United States every year enter men- 
opause and lace the “should I or 
shouldn't I’ * dilemma, and they have to 
make their decisions based on less-than- 
complete evidence. 

Last wring, researchers from the 
New England Medical Center in Boston 
published an analysis demonstrating 
that for most women, hormone replace- 
ment was more likely to extend life than 
shorten it The exception was women 
with no known risk factors for heart 
disease or hip fractures but with two 
close relatives with breast cancer. 

If a woman has even one coronary 
risk factor like high blood pressure, 
diabetes, low levels of protective HDL 
cholesterol or cigarette smoking, ben- 
efits of long-term hormone use would 




outweigh her risk of dying of breast 
cancer, the analysis indicated. 

A healthier way of life might have the 
same beneficial effect as hormone re- 
placement, and the two Together may be 
even better. Also', the researchers did 
not consider the one coronary- risk you 
can do nothing about: a family history- of 
premature heart disease, for example, 
having a parent who develops heart dis- 
ease in his or her 50s. 

Among the breast cancer risk factors 
considered were conditions usually be- 
yond a woman's control. In addition to 
breast cancer in a mother or sister, those 
risk factors included never having had 
children or having a first birth after age 
30, entering menarche early or men- 
opause late, or having had suspicious 
breast changes that required a biopsy. 

Again, though, the researchers did 
not examine physical activity, which, if 

Definitive statements 
about the benefits 
and the risks cannot 
be made noiv. 


engaged in for four or more hours a 
week during the premenopausal years, 
may reduce a woman's breast cancer 
risk by 50 percent. 

Still, weighing the risk of heart dis- 
ease against the risk of breast cancer can 
be a tough call. According to the latest 
report from the Nurses’ Health Study, 
hormones must be continued indefin- 
itely to maintain the protection against 
coronary deaths. But the longer a wom- 
an takes estrogen, the greater her 
chances of dying of breast cancer. 

But even among those taking hor- 
mones for more than 10 years, the ben- 
efits to the heart greatly outweighed the 
risk to the breasts; women taking hor- 
mones lived longer. That study, which is 
following the effects of hormone re- 
placement among 60,000 postmeno- 
pausal women, had previously indicated 
that women who aid not consume ol- 


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cohol had no increased risk of breast 
cancer when they took estrogen. 

As for the risk of hip fractures, it is 
too late for women now in midlife to 
take the steps shown to be most im- 
portant for children and young adults; 
eating a calcium-rich diet and engaging 
in regular physical activity. 

Still, bone density can be improved 
even late in life by increasing intake of 
calcium and vitamin D (through foods 
and/or pills), doing regular weight-bear- 
ing or muscle- building exercise and. 
perhaps, by taking one of the new drugs 
that increase bone density-. 

Aside from direct risks to life, there 
are other health effects and quality-of- 
life issues to take into account when 
deciding whether to take hormone ther- 
apy. Estrogen after menopause can in- 
crease the risk of gallbladder disease 
and phlebitis, and, even when estrogen 
is taken with progestin, there is a slight 
increase in the risk of uterine cancer. 

On the other hand, there is fast-ac- 
cumulating evidence that the long-term 
use of estrogen can cut a woman 's risk of 
developing Alzheimer's disease by more 
than half. Also, the bone-building ben- 
efits of estrogen accrue to bones every- 
where in the body, including the mouth. 
Women taking estrogen are more likely 
to retain their natural teeth as they age, 
which usually means better nutrition and 
improved health in one’s later years. 

Then there are menopausal symp- 
toms. When estrogen levels drop in 
menopause, some women experience 
life-disrupting effects, like extreme va- 
ginal dryness, sleep disturbances from 
night sweats, drenching daytime 
flushes, depression and other mood dis- 
turbances. 

Finally, there is the matter of emo- 
tional comfort. If you take hormones 
even though you are uneasy about them, 
you will probably blame them for 
everything that goes wrong with your 
health. Keep in mind, though, that one in 
eight American women will develop 
breast cancer — based on a life span of 
85, with most of those cancers occurring 
in the later years — so a woman has a 
good chance of getting this disease with 
or without hormone replacemenL 



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Engineers developing rescue vehicles for 
astronauts on the international space 
station are turning to wingless aircraft 
known as lifting bodies. In an emergency 
these craft would be launched from the 
station and glide to earth. 




After jettisoning the 
engine that takes it away 
from the orbiting space 
station, the X-38 glides 
without power, like the f 
space shuttle. 

At 15,000 feet, a drogue 
parachute deploys, pulling the 
parafoil along with it 


Landing a ‘Flying Bathtub’ 

NASA's prototype rescue vehicle, the X-38. lands by 
combining the maneuverability of winged craft with the 
ballistic re-entry of earlier spacecraft like Gemini or Apollo 
capsules. The pilot guides the craft with a wing-tike 
parachute, a steerable parafoil. 


Source ■ 

NASA ■ Dryden FWgftf Research Center ^ 
Illustration by Nigel Holmes j 


in n • 




The pitot uses the 
parafoil to steer the 
craft to its 
landing site. 


Extendable 
skids, lighted 
than wheels^ 
provide a smooth 
touchdown: 


The ‘Flying Bathtub’ Is Back 


Pk 


'niai 


By Warren E. Leary 

AVu 1 York Tunes Service 

EW YORK — They were 
some of the oddest aircraft 
ever to fly. People called 
them "flying bathtubs,” 
“finned potatoes” and other strange 
names. Engineers knew these strange 
wingless craft as “lifting bodies” be- 
cause their flights were buoyed by air 
passing under the sculptured shape of 
their bodies. 

They last flew more than two decades 
ago as engineers worked to design 
simple vehicles that could fly back to 
Earth from space and land like an aircraft 
on a predetermined runway, work that 
was laier applied to the space shuttle. 

But the flying potato is back, and in a 
new role. Taking advantage of the 
wealth of lifting-body research done 
years before, engineers at NASA’s 
Johnson Space Center in Houston have 
proposed that such a craft serve as a 
lifeboat for the planned international 
space station. With construction of the 
station scheduled to begin in space next 
year — and with troubles on the Russian 
space station Mir continuing to make 
headlines — there is new urgency in the 
design and development work. 

Tucked under the wing of a B-52, a 
new lifting body has begun a series of 
flights at the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration's Dryden Flight 
Research Center at Edwards. California. 
If all goes as planned, this fiberglass X- 
38 prototype will begin unpiloted free 
flights by mid -September to test its aero- 
dynamics and an unusual parafoil land- 
ing system designed to guide it back to 
Earth for desert landings. If successful, 
the 24-foot-long (7 J -merer) model, 
flown 10 to 20 times in the next year and 
a half, could eventually lead to the first 
new manned spacecraft in two decades. 

John Muratore, the X-38 project 
manager at the Johnson Space Center, 
said that a crew- return vehicle based on 
the prototype, designed to carry six 
people, would be able to stay at the 
station for up to three years with little 
maintenance. The craft may also be 
modified to act as a space tug. he said, 
occasionally leaving the station to pick 
up a payload launched by another rocket 
and bringing it back to the station. 

The Houston team, voicing NASA's 
new mantra of quicker, cheaper and 
better approaches to problems, estimat- 
ed that it could develop, test and pro- 
duce four operational spacecraft for 


about $500 million. The agency pre- 
viously estimated that it would cost at 
least $2 billion to build a crew-return 
vehicle for the space station, which is to 
begin full operation around 2003. 

Much of the X-38 design is based on 
the X-24A, a bulbous vehicle shaped 
like a teardrop with fins that was built 
for the Air Force by Martin Marietta. 
This piloted craft flew 28 times from 
1969 to 1971 and helped prove the 
concept that a returning space vehicle 
could land on a runway without engine 
power, as current space shuttles do. 

“We took the X-24A design and 
started modifying it,” Dr. Muratore 
said. "They did some brilliant work 
back then, and we had a gold mine of 
information to work with." For ex- 
ample, the early lifting-body programs 
produced some 5,000 hours of wind 
tunnel research that would have cost 
$50 million to duplicate, he said. As a 
result of the information gleaned from 
those experiments, he said, the X-38 has 
so far required only 100 hours of wind 
tunnel research, at a cost of $ 1 million. . 


T HE lifting- body concept, 
which was conceived in 1957 
by Dr. Alfred Eggens Jr. , calls 
for a vehicle to gain aerody- 
namic lift from its body contours rather 
than from wings. The idea was to build a 
rocket -boos ted spacecraft that would 
not have the added weight and com- 
plexity of wings bur that could return 
from space through the atmosphere and 
land on a runway. 

The lifting-body designs were gen- 
erally either rounded on the bottom and 
flat on the top, like the pioneering M-2 
series of ‘flying bathtub" craft, built by 
the Northrop Corp., or they had a flat 
bottom ana a curved top. like Nor- 
throp 's HL-10 and a design proposed 
earlier by NASA’s Langley Research 
Center as a crew rescue craft, the HL- 
20. Engineers found that subtle changes 
in the curvatures and planes of the craft 
could drastically affect lift and other 
aerodynamic characteristics, often re- 
quiring the addition of fins and control 
surfaces, tike flaps and ailerons, to 
maintain stability. 

Lifting-body designs were con- 
sidered for the’ space shuttle when it was 
being developed in the 1970s, but 
NASA eventually settled on a more 
conventional winged crafL 

Dr. Richard Hallion, the chief his- 
torian for the U.S. Air Force and an 
expert on the early space program, said 


there was a big debate in the 1960s on. ? 
the best way to bring payloads, incl dat- 
ing people, back from space. Some 
vocated re-entry vehicles with wings, 
proposed for the air force’s aborted 
Dyna-Soar space glider, so a spacecraft 
could be guided to a wide range bfi 
landing sites. Others argued for a siflK' 
pier ballistic re-entry using capsule? 1 
lowered by parachutes, as was the case 
with early Mercury, Gemini and Apolif? 
manned spacecraft. The lifting-boay, 
blended advantages of each approadhr. 

Dr. Hallion said. 

"When you look at the hypersonic 
design work of the ’50s and '60s, a lotvrf ' 
it was really very good, far in advance off 
its time," he said. "What was not as'- 
advanced was the ability to develop the. 
structures, materials, propulsion. guitPj 0 
ance and controls to make operatiotiiiL ' 
vehicles based upon the research.’ ’ {~- 

Advances in materials science, com- 
puters. simulation and testing, and eled* 1 
ironies have now tipped the balance. JI,J 

Lockheed Martin selected a lifting- i 
body design for its winning entry in 
another project, a NASA competition -to - 
build a next-generation space rocket- 
that might be a shuttle replacement. The' 
company's famed Skunk Works divfc* 
sion. noted for making secret spy planes 
and other exotic aircraft, picked a lift- 
ing-body design for the prototype in that- 
p reject, called the X-33, a test rockjSH 
that is scheduled to fly in 1999. The X- 
33 is supposed to demonstrate the tech.-." 
no logy needed for a larger, reusable- 
vehicle that could lift payloads intftj 
space far more cheaply titan current-' 
rockets. ‘ ; .U 

Dr. Muratore of NASA said that if his^ ^ 
team was successful in developing tliij; 
X-38 as tiie rescue vehicle for fne space! 
station, it could later be modified feff! 
other uses. The European Space Agency, 
is working with NASA on the projeef 
because of its interest in developing 5 
crew transfer vehicle, a spacecraft tha^. 
could carry crews to and from the spate " 
station and perform other jobs in orbit."': 

The Europeans have proposed! 
changes that would allow a craft based ; 
on the X-38 to be launched on top o£f 
their new Anane 5 booster as well as-<F- 
vanety of other rockets. These change^ 
which include adding ejection seated 
would allow this transport version to ^ 
launch a crew of three and land with up^ # 
to six people aboard, engineers said. 

• Recent technology articles: 1' 

www.iht.comllHTITECH! ■ > 


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BUSINESS/FINANCE 



THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


Lets Bonn 
'ebt 






Ruling Helps Germany 
$ Meet Criteria for Euro 

* w c ™^tyOurSktfF'T V! Diya*:bm 

JT Gerraan y said Wednesday 
“ft the European Union's statistics 
agency^ Had endorsed government plans 

fS 2 .Tnvir 5 . bail ° n Deutsche marks 
bJbo “). “ hospital debt from the 
bHdget,^ helping Bonn qualify for 
Europ® s single currency. 
a- A Finance Ministry spokesman said 

« gTVen Ihe aU - cIear to factor 

Wrt the debt owed by public hospitals 
piping Bonn cut its budget deficit this 
year to the limit set by the Maastricht 
treaty. 

r The move would knock up to two. 
tenths of a percentage point off the 
deficit in relation to gross domestic 
product, and bring the Maastricht ceil- 
mgof3 percent of GDP within reach. 
i/V • ‘ Tt chanc *s are good that we will 
TV «ach 3 percent," the spokesman said. 
Independent economists said the 
measure would bring Germany in line 
with all other EU members, which had 
-- read* die change earlier on the basis of a 
Eurostat ruling. They said it did not 
amount to a fudge of the Maastricht 
criteria, as German statisticians had 
simply lagged other EU countries in 
Scratching debts owed by hospitals that 
get more than half of their income from 
privately insured patients. 

‘ ‘This is really old hat.” said Eckhard 
Schulte of the Industrial Bank of Japan 
in Frankfurt 

' Finance Minister Theo Waigel has 
come under heavy pressure from leaders 
in his Christian Social Union to not 
allow hedging of the 3 percent ceiling 
oh debt to make sure the planned single 
currency is stable. 

! But die Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Development pre- 
V dieted this week that Germany’s deficit 
this year would be 3.2 percent of GDP. 

Mr. Waigel also said indicated he 
might not wish to remain finance min- 
ister after general elections in Septem- 
ber 1998. 

; "Nine years as finance minister is 
enough,” he told Bavarian television in 
an interview broadcast late Tuesday. 

' But on Wednesday he modified that 
stance. ' ” ... 

; “I have been fulfilling my duties as 
finance minister for longer than two 
legislative periods now, and I will con- 
tinue to fulfill them through this period 
as well,” he said. 

; "Anything further depends on the 
electorate’s vote in the Bundestag elec- 
tions in 1998,” he added. “I don’t want 

See EMU, Page 12 


T „ Pntr RcaVThr Awoud Pne* 

REVVING UP FOR COMPETITION — Volkswagen AG's new Golf getting a final polish before it goes 
on the market. In the wake of Chrysler Corp.'s announced price cuts, the German carmaker said the new 
Gon would start at 25,700 Deutsche marks ($14,043) and would come with anti-lock brakes, four airbags 
and power steering , compared with a similar Golf from the current series, which would cost 26,060 DM. 

JB Oxford Is Investigated by the SEC 


CfmpiM by Our Staff Ftvnt Dvqrachn 

LOS ANGELES —JB Oxford Hold- 
ings Inc., a brokerage firm raided by 
U.S. and Swiss law enforcement agents 
this week, is under investigation by the 
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commis- 
sion for its role in alleged stock ma- 
nipulation, a Swiss official said 
Wednesday. 

"The SEC is investigating the role of 
a financier in an ongoing scheme to 
manipulate the prices of certain secu- 
rities listed in the U.S.,'* said Folko 
Galli, a spokesman for the Swiss Fed- 
eral Office for Police Matters. “A stock 
promoter may be manipulating secu- 
rities through his undisclosed control of 
JB Oxford.” 

Earlier this week, law enforcement 
agents aimed with search warrants raided 
the broker's offices in Beverly Hills, 
California and Basel, Switzerland. 

Mr. Galli said police officers con- 
fiscated documents from Oxford’s 
Basel office in response to.* ‘a request by 
the U.S. Securities and Exchange Com- 
mission.” The Securities and Exchange 
Commission began discussing the 
probe with Swiss authorities in April, 
Mr. Galli said. 

The Oxford chairman, Felix Oeri, 
said the raids were pan of an SEC probe 
of “transactions in 1995 and at the 
beginning of 1996.” 

He said that among those under in- 
vestigation was the father of Oxford's 


chief operating officer, Ian Kott 

Mr. Oeri, who became chairman of 
the discount brokerage operator Aug. 8, 
stressed that the investigation was un- 
related to Oxford’s JB on-line stock 
trading service, which allows investors 
to place, buy and sell orders using the 
Internet 

Mr. Oeri is Oxford's largest share- 
holder, with 2.6 million shares, an 18.4 
percent stake. 

Irving Kott, Ian's father, is now an 
"ad hoc consultant for advertising and 
marketing” for Oxford, according to 
the company’s spokesman, Michael 
Kolbenschlag. 

Both the U.S. Justice Department and 
the Securities and Exchange Commis- 
sion have declined to comment on the 
investigation. 

Irving Kott has attracted the attention 
of securities regulators more than once. 
In 1990, he paid Dutch authorities 7 
million guilders (S3.4 million) to settle a 
criminal investigation into his activities 
in the Netherlands. 

Investigators claimed Mr. Kott ran a 
huge telephone "boiler room” that op- 
erated 24 hours a day, promoting stocks 
around the world with high-pressure 
pitches to investors. 

And a court in Ontario fined Mr. Kott 
500,000 Canadian dollars ($358,654) in 
1976 for securities fraud. 

Mr. Kott did not return calls to his 
home or his Montreal office. 


Trading in Oxford stock was halted 
on the Nasdaq stock market Tuesday 
after falling 16 percent, to $1 .344. 

On Wednesday, the stock continued 
plummeting, and was at 81.25 cents in 
late trading in New York. 

Problems at Oxford could hurt other 
brokerages that clear their trades 
through Oxford. 

“If they were shut down, it could 
have a domino effect because they serve 
as a clearing firm for a lot of compa- 
nies,” said Jay Gillock, president of 
Landmark Securities Corp. in Houston, 
which clears about 2,500 trades a day 
through Oxford. 

JB Oxford Holdings, which reported 
total assets of $532_5 million on June 
30, reported first-half revenue of $33.8 
million. 

The National Association of Secu- 
rities Dealers released a history of the 
firm showing that Oxford was the sub- 
ject of a cease and desist order from the 
Connecticut Department of Banking 
last year. 

The state alleged the firm employed 
unregistered agents and fined Oxford 
$35,000. 

Sources close to the investigation 
said Oxford's links with Mr. Kott is the 
focus of the federal investigation. 

Press reports have depicted him as 
advising several penny stock firms that 
left investors witn huge losses. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Pharmacia & Upjohn Names New Chairman, Again 


* - i 


Candied tn Our SoffFwm Dispxrha 

Q - STOCKHOLM — Pharmacia & Up- 
joint Inc. said Wednesday that Soeren 
GylU the former chief executive of the 
automaker Volvo AB, has been named 
as its third chairman this year. 

• He replaces Jan Ekberg. who is re- 
poted to have asked to be replaced as 
chairman but will remain as a member of 
the board. 

. Mr. Ekberg, 61, headed Pharmacia 
AB of Sweden as it moved toward the 
19j95 merger with Upjohn Co. of the 
United States. Mr. Gy 11, 56, has been a 
Pharmacia board member since 1995. 

... Mr. Gyll will be the third chairman 
this year at the drug conglomerate. Mr. 
Ekberg stepped down as chairman in 
January to assume the title of president 
after John Zabriskie resigned. Mr. fck- 
^_here returned to the chairman's post in 
*9 Mat when Fred Hassan was named as 
president and chief executive officer. 

Pharmacia, whose products include 
Roeaine, a hair restorer, and Nicotrol 
nicotine patches, has had disappointing 
profits as costs mounted. 

, At the end of July, the company an- 
nounced a 34 percent drop in second- 
profit, lb S17S million Sate for 
the period slipped 4 percent, to $1.7 


billion. At the time of the announce- 
ment, Mr. Hassan said he thought 1997 
would be ‘ ‘the repair year, and that 1998 
is going to be a turnaround year." 

Mr. Hassan has implemented a re- 
structuring program that he has said 

Analysts have been 
disappointed by the 
company’s weak earnings. 

would result in additional charges this 
year and further job losses on top of the 
4,100 positions that have been cut since 
the merger. 

•*I have a long and strong commit- 
ment to Pharmacia-Upjohn,” Mr. Gyll 
said Wednesday. "I will be giving my 
full support and cooperation to our new 
CEO, Fred Hassan. as he moves to un- 
lock the full potential of this com- 
pany.” 

Mr. Ekberg, in submitting his request 
to step down at a board meeting in 
Stockholm, noied that the company had 
entered a new phase with the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Hassan. 

But Mr. GylL who replaces Mr. Ek- 


berg after two years in office, said he 
would be taking a back seat in the effort 
to turn the company around. He said he 
would act in a supporting role .to Mr. 
Hassan. Mr. Gyll immediately gave his 
full backing to a major restructuring ef- 
fort by Mr. Hassan, who took the helm of 
the divided company three months ago. 

Mr. Gyll was on the board of Volvo 
from 1982 and from 1984 to 1995 was 
also a board member and former chair- 
man of Pharmacia, which merged with 
Upjohn in November 1995. 

Mr: Gyll admitted that the merger with 
Upjohn had not yet produced the results 
that had been anticipated but he said it 
was too early to write off the move as' a 
failure. ■ 

As the company released a string of 
profit warnings over the past year, ana- 
lysts have questioned the merger. Many 
have said the 1995 merger was a mistake 
because of clashes of management cul- 
ture between the hard-driving American 
approach of Upjohn executives and the 
gradualist, consensus-oriented style of 
Swedish managers. 

‘ ‘It is far too early to say if the merger 
was a mistake.” Mr. Gyll said. 

"There have been problems and 
some could perhaps have been avoided. 


But both I and the rest of the board think 
that the program that Fred Hassan has 
put forward is excellent," he added. 

Both sales and cost savings have been 
disappointing so far for the merged 
company. * * What has been most lacking 
is the failure to meet sales targets and 
this is partly due to the fan that we have 
not managed to make all the cost sav- 
ings we had hoped for but now we are 
working on this more." Mr. Gyll said. 

Bur Mr. Gyll was quick to point out 
that it was Mr. Hassan who will im- 
plement the changes. 

"The company has a new managing 
director and his job is to both correct and 
develop a number of things,” he said. 
“The board's job is to advise on the 
plans and decide if the measures are 
suitable. It is the managing director that 
will take these through.” 

Mr. Gyll left Volvo earlier this year 
but remains on the board of a number of 
other major Swedish companies. 

"1 was chairman at Pharmacia before 
the merger. When we put the companies 
together Jan Ekberg was in charge and I 
was just been a normal board member. 
When I was asked to do this 1 thought it 
would be interesting,’ ' he said. 

(AP, Reuters ) 


F or you... We blossom every day. 


China airlines 


PAGE 11 




U.S. Trade Gap Hits 
Record Low in June 

Deficit Points to Faster Growth 


Gmv*M bf Our Staff Fran Dbpmba 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. trade 
deficit narrowed unexpectedly in June 
as American exports climbed to a record 
high and imports shrank for the first 
time in eight months. But the politically 
sensitive deficits with China and Japan 
both widened. 

The Commerce Department said 
Wednesday that the overall deficit 
shrank by 14 .5 percent, to $8. 16 billion. 
It was the smallest imbalance since 
March and compared to a May trade gap 
of $9.54 billion. 

Analysts said the figures suggested 
that U.S. economic growth in the second 
quarter might not have slowed as much as 
previously believed, raising the odds that 
Federal Reserve policymakers would in- 
crease borrowing costs later this year. 

The unexpected narrowing of the 
U.S. trade deficit in goods and services 
in June means Americans produced 
more and bought less from overseas. 

That suggests the U.S. economy ex- 
panded at an annual rate closer to 3 
percent or 4 percent in the second quarter 
than the 2.2 percent rate reported by the 
Commerce Department last month. 

“This is likely to dramatically alter 

S ons of Fed policy,” said Ian 
dson, chief economist at HSBC 
Inc. in New York. “The second 
quarter slowdown never happened.” 

Because the June trade figures were 
not available for its initial GDP report, 
the Commerce Department had estimat- 
ed that the June trade gap would be 
$115 billion. Moreover, business in- 
ventories in June were also much higher 
than the Commerce Department 
guessed in its advance GDP report. 

Taken together, those revisions mean 
the Commerce Department will revise 
upward its estimate of second-quarter 
growth next week, analysts said. “It 
appears that second-quarter growth will 
be revised to 35 percent to 4.0 per- 
cent,” said Bill Sharp, an economist at 
Smith Barney in New York. 

Even with the better-than-expected 
showing in June, the trade deficit for the 
first half of this year is running at an 
annnalrateofSUl.l billion, patting die 
country on track for its worst trade per- 
formance since 1988. 

Paul KasrieL economist at Nadhqcp- 

Trust Co. in Chicago, said the June trade 
improvement could be short-lived, giv- 
en recent financial market turmoil in 
several Asian countries. 

“The recent currency devaluations 
and economic difficulties in Southeast 
Asia will likely increase our import 
growth and slow exports to that re- 
gion,” he said. 

Financial markets had a split reaction 
to the trade report Bond prices fell as 


investors worried that the rise in 
demand could spell inflation troubles 
down the road. Bat stock prices rose as 
demand for technology companies 
picked up. (Page 12) 

For June, the deficit with Mexico, 
which bad climbed to record levels, nar- 
rowed 29 percent, to $1.2 billion, as 
American exports to that country hit a 
record high. The administration has at- 
tributed the widening trade gap with 
Mexico to that country’s severe currency 
crisis in late 1994 and said that without 
the North American Free Trade Agree- 
ment the situation would have been 
worse. 

The deficit with China was up 145 
percent, to $43 billion, reflecting big 
increases in imports of Chinese cloth- 
ing, shoes and toys. For only the fourth 
time in history, the deficit with China 
surpassed the trade gap with Japan, 
which also increased 
The trade gap with Japan rose by 11.6 
percent, to $4.1 billion, as imports of 
office machines and cars rose snarply. 

Overall, U.S. exports of goods and 
services edged up 0.9 percent to a record 
high of $78.4 billion. Imports, which 
had set seven straight monthly records, 
fell 0.7 percent, to $86.6 billion. It was 
the first decline since last October. 

Sales of American cars and parts, con- 
sumer goods and industrial supplies were 
all at record levels. But imports of Amer- 
ican capital goods and high-technology 
products were also at all-time highs. 

America's foreign oil bill declined by 
45 percent in June, to $5.8 billion. The 
volume of oil imports was down slightly 
while the average price per barrel of 
crude oil was up slightly to $17.07, 
compared with $17 in May. 

A day after die Federal Reserve Board 
chose to leave the overnight bank lending 
rate unchanged at 5 50 percent — betting 
that the economy was not growing fast 
enough to cause inflation to accelerate — 
analysts were divided over the impact of 
faster growth in the second quarter. 

Consumer spending, which slowed in 
the second quarter, has begun to re- 
bound. If a pickup in consumer demand 
continues, it could lead to an acceleration 
in inflation, analysts said. Companies 
might raise-- prices tf higher demand 
forced them to .utilize less-efficient, 
higher-cost productiori equipment, and if 
the low une mp lo ym ent rare forced than 
to pay more to attract scarce workers. 

* ‘It’s inevitable drat inflation is com- 
ing back,” said Robert Giordano, a fund 
manager at Bank Leumi Trust 
"The Fed has been extremely tol- 
erant in the last year and a half, but there 
are limits.” said Josh Feinman, econ- 
omist at Bankers Trust 

(AP, Bloomberg ) 


Rkone-Poulenc Raises Bid, 
Winning Rorer Over on Sale 


CrmvBedibyOtfSv^FromDbparka 

PARIS — Rhooe-Poulenc SA said 
Wednesday that it had raised its bid for 
the third of Rbone-Poulenc Rorer Inc. 
it does not already own to $97 a share 
from $92, clinching the U.S. drug 
company’s approval of the offer. 

Share prices in Rhone-Poulenc, the 
largest drags and chemicals company 
in France, jumped 13.30 francs, to 
254.70 ($41.24) after it repotted the 
27 billion-franc deal. 

“It was clear from the start that $92 
was not going to be the final bid, and 
there was some talk of an increase to 
$100-$110.” said Philippe Cottet of 
the brokerage Cholet Dupont 

The Rorer bid is part of Rhone- 
Poulenc's strategy to concentrate on 
health care to raise earnings and its 
share price. It plans to spin off its 
specially -chemicals business next 
year; it will control the new company. 

The share price of Rhone-Poulenc 
Rorer, in which the French group 
holds a 68. 1 percent stake, rose from 
$79 on June 26, when the. bid was 
announced, to a high of $96. In late 


trading in New York, Rorer shares 
were up $1 at $96. 125. 

To pay for the purchase, Rhone- 
Poulenc has said it will raise about 13 
billion francs from asset sales and the 
spin-off of its chemical business. It 
plans to raise another 7 billion francs 
by selling new shares. 

Mr. Cottet said the capital increase 
would marginally dilute earnings per 
share for only three years. 

Acquiring all of Rorer allows 
Rhone-Poctienc to regroup its health- 
care activities, which include wholly 
owned Pasteur Merieux Connaught 
Inc., one of the world’s biggest vaccine 
makers; Centeon, a blood plasma ven- 
ture with Hoechst AG of Germany, and 
animal- and plant-health activities. 

Rorer, whose 1996 sales totaled 
$5.4 billion, specializes in thugs to 
treat allergies and respiratory diseases, 
cancer and heart diseases. It bolstered 
its line of asthma treatments with the 
$2.89 billion acquisition of Fisons 
PLC in 1995. It also makes such over- 
the-counter products as Maalox ant- 
acid. (Bloomberg, /fearers) 



INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 


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Ben & Jerry’s Gets Down Home in Paris 


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Source; Reuters. 


Reuters 

PARIS — Ben & Jerry’s, the so- 
c tally-conscious American ice-cream 
company that rarely uses conventional 
advertising, is running a campaign on 
Paris buses just over a year after arriving 
in France. 

The campaign. Tunning for two 
weeks from Aug. 7 during a beat wave 
in the French capital, is based on the sole 
campaign Ben & Jerry’s ever ran in the 
United States, which was 10 years ago, a 
spokeswoman fix the company’s 
agency In Fiance, Utopies, said 
Wednesday. 

"We realized that it is vary well-liked 
in France,” she said referring to Ben & 
Jerry's, “but people who don’t know it 
do not try it ’ f 

■ The campaign consists of two different 
posters depicting cows is Ben St Jerry’s 
home state of Vermont and a spoon over- 
flowing with fruit, nuts and ice-cream. 
The slogans reflect American humor; 
“In Vermont’s harsh winter, they milk 


cows directly into ice cream pots” on 
one, and “In onr ice-creams, it’s not the 
bits t^are too big, but yominouth that is 
too small” on the other poster. 

The company chose to advertise on 
Ihe sides of Paris buses because it hopes 
to target urban consumers, the spokes- 
woman said But she said the main thrust, 
of Ben & Jerry’s promotion in France, 
its fifth market outside the United 
Stales, is through social actions. 

This summer the company, together 
with the magazine group Marie Claire, 
is helping seven young women who 
were unemployed for long periods start 
their own businesses, she said. 

Last summer, Ben & Jerry’s 
sponsored the part-time employment of 
10 yonng social outcasts, including two 
homeless people, in Paris restaurants to 
introduce clients to the ice-cream brand, 
she said- Ben. Cohen, cofounder of Ben 
& Jeny’s, came over to France to teach 
the youngsters how to present the ice- 
cream, she said. 


Ben & Jerry’s, founded by Mr. Cohen 
and Jerry Greenfield in 1978 as a 
bumble ice-cream parlor, bad a turnover 
of $167 million and net profit of $4 
million in 1996. The company is known 
for its weird flavor combinations and 
the humorous names of its ice creams, 
such as Chunky Monkey, a banana ice- 
cream containing chunks of dark 
chocolate and walnut 

It is also renowned for sticking to the 
social principles of its founders, by be- 
ing responsible employers and buying 
from environmentally aware compa- 
nies. It donates 75 percent of pretax 
earnings to socially-oriented projects. 

Despite its lack of advertising, Ben ft 
Jerry’s has a 39 percent market share in 
the United States. It also is present in 
Canada, Israel, Britain and m the Be- 
nelux countries. 

. Itis selling mneoutofits 50 flavors in 
France, where it arrived in March 1996, 
via five hypermarket and supermarket 
chains and a frozen food chain. 



PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


The Dow 


8000 


7200 „ a 


30*Year T-Bond YieJd 


Stocks Rise on Optimism Over Computer Companies 



UK) 


A M J J A 


Exchange ■ index. 

MY SB/ ^ TtePow 

jflr&E : ' v sap sod 1 " 

MYSe ■ ■ • -g&PtOO 

NVSE •• Composite 

VS. ■ Nasdaq Compel 

juMBf- r s Market Vafaa 

Torootp . TSE index 
^o Paio ' Bovespa 

Mexico City Bofea 

guenoa Aires Menial 

Santiago IPSA Genera? 

Caracas Capital General 

Source: Btoomberg. Reuters 

Very briefly: 


U M A M J J A 
1997 

WednesdayPrev. % 
©3.30PM Close Change 

7S7B.48 7918.10' +0,76 

sasM 92 &Q 1 +iio6 

911.63 800.92 4-1.19 

4&LZ9 479-54 +0.89 

8 1621.61 1S00.71 +t.3t 

646.09 641.20 +0-76 

6756.00 6715^0 +0.60 

10922.41 11240.73 -2£3 

5115^)8 5041.46 +1.46 

866.19 850.01 ■ -M-90 

5654.65 5617.23 +0.67 

NJL 9232.07 


NEW YORK — U.S. stocks rose 
for the third straight day as better- 
than -expected earnings from Dell 
Computer bolstered optimism 
about the prospects for computer- 
related companies. 

“Investors like to extrapolate, 
and they assume what’s good for 
Dell is good for other computer 
companies,” said Bill O’Heara, a 
money manager with McKinley 
Capita] Management in Anchorage, 
Alaska. “I agree. There’s huge de- 
mand for technology, and these 
companies are doing well.” 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age was up 46.92 points an hour 
before the close, at 7,695.02. Ad- 
vancing issues outnumbered de- 
clining ones on the New York Stock 
Exchange by a 2-to-l margin. 

The Standard & Poor’s 500- 
stock index rose 8.76 points, to 
934.77, while the Nasdaq compos- 


ite index was up 18.89 points, at 

1.619.60. 

With Wednesday's gains, the 
major U.S. Stock indexes com- 
pleted the rebound from Friday’s 3 
percent drop. 

’ The most important thing about 
this market is that a lot of people did 
not panic last Friday.* ’ said Charles 
Payne of Wall Street Strategies. 
‘‘But caution is probably still the 
buzzword.” 

Bonds fell for the first time in six 
days after the government's June 
trade report kept alive concern the 
economy is growing fast enough to 
spur inflation and lead the Federal 
Reserve to raise interest rates. 

Robert Cheshire, a bond-fund 
manager at First Union National 
Bank in Morristown. New Jersey, 
said he believed that the economy 
had the wherewithal to grow faster 
and push the Federal Reserve Board 
to raise rates before year-end. 


The price of the benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond fell 1 1/32 to 97 
29/32, pushing its yield up to 6-53 
percent from 6-51 percent. 

The Federal Reserve Board's 
Open Market Committee left in- 
terest rates unchanged at a policy 
meeting on Tuesday, a sign central 

3 RM. SNAPSHOT ~~ 

bankers — for now — are com- 
fortable with the state of the econ- 
omy and the outlook for inflation. 
The Fed last changed interest rates 
in March, raising its target for 
overnight bank lending a quarter 
point, to 5.5 percent. 

Bonds prices fell after the Com- 
merce Department reported that the 
trade deficit shrank 14.5 percent, toa 
small er-than-expected S8. 16 billion. 
Exports rose to a record, suggesting 
robust demand for U.S. products 
that could speed the economy. 


EMU: E U Debt Ruling Will Help Bonn Meet Euro Criteria 


First Union Corp. Makes Megadeal 

RICHMOND. Virginia (AP) — First Union Corp., one of 
the country's largest banking companies, is to buy Wheat First 
Butcher Singer Inc., an investment banking, underwriting and 
brokerage firm, for $471 million in stock. 

The deal announced Wednesday would create the largest 
retail brokerage in the Southeast USA. Jt came after First 
Union *5 plans announced last month to buy Signet Banking 
Corp. for $3.25 billion in stock. 

TTie acquisition would help First Union keep pace with other 
large commercial banks, which are moving to add investment 
banking and brokerages to their portfolio of services. 

Sunbeam May Be Denied Its Logo 

CHICAGO CAP} — The American Medical Association is 
reconsidering a deal to allow the Sunbeam Corp. use the AMA 
logo on its products, a spokesman said Wednesday. 

USA Today reported that the AMA. the country's largest 
doctors group, was likely to revise the deal, which lets 
Sunbeam use the AMA seal for five years on products 
including heating pads, blood pressure monitors and ther- 
mometers. 

• Data quest said that the number of computers connected to 
the Internet would rise 71 percent this year to 82 million, 
generating SI 2.2 billion in software and service sales. 

• Circus Circus Enterprises Inc- the Las Vegas gaming 
concern, considered spinning off some of its slower-growing 
casinos to focus on its larger upscale gambling halls. 

• Amcast Industrial Corp. completed its acquisition of 
Speedline SpA, an Italian company that makes alloy wheels 
for the auto industry, for S 1 32 million. 

• EMC Corp. said it would more than double its man- 

ufacturing capacity and would add 1.000 jobs by building a 
new’ factory' in Franklin, Massachusetts, that would be running 
by the end of 1998. {Bloomberg. Reuters. AP) 

AMEX 


to speculate on anything after that 
point.” 

Mr. Waigel suggested last week 
that Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
shuffle his cabinet before the elec- 
tions. 

France, meanwhile, said its def- 
icit was “guaranteed” to fall within 
±e 3 percent debt limit in 1998, 
even though the deficit is expected 
to be above 3 percent this year. 

Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the fi- 
nance and economy minister, said 
that with savings from most min- 
istries and stabilization of the gen- 
eral tax burden, Paris had under- 
taken “all that will guarantee the 3 
percent deficit." 

Mr. Strauss-Kahn also said that 
the 1998 budget would not include 
any special contribution from the 
state-owned utility Electricite de 
France. 

“There will be no contribution of 
the France Telecom variety from 
EDF” in the 1998 budget, he said. 

There has been speculation that 
the government will ase a one-time 
contribution from EDF to reduce the 
1998 budget deficit in the same way 
the previous government used a spe- 
cial contribution from France Tele- 
com for 1997. 

The French cabinet approved a 
bill Wednesday raising taxes on big 
business by 15 percent to cut the 
public deficit. 

The surcharge was announced by 
the Socialist-led government in July 
following an audit of public fi- 
nances that found that without re- 


such countries as Italy and Spain, 
which could lead to weakness in the 
planned currency, to be called the 
euro. 

“A soft imeipretation of the 3 
percent target by the German gov- 
ernment fits our view that we are 
likely to see a broad EMU including 
Italy,” said Joerg Kraemer. an econ- 
omist at Merrill Lynch & Co. in 
Frankfurt. 

That has driven the mark down 
against the dollar. 


Dell was the most active stock on 
U.S. markets, rising. After me close 
of trading Tuesday, the com pan \ 
said second-quarter earnings soared 
91 percent, beating estimates. Dei; 
shares have more than tripled ini> 
year. Compaq Computer also rose, 
as did Intel and Microsoft. 

Drug slocks rose after an analyst 
at Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Dis- 
cover raised his rating on Eli Lilly. 

Concern lingers among some in- 
vestors that many shares are higher 
than justified by the prospects for 
corporate earnings. 

“Everybody’s under the assump- 
tion that when the market falls, it s a 
tremendous buying opportunity, 
said Francis Curzdo, president ot 
FXC Investors, a fund management 
firm. 

“You've got a lot of money com- 
ing into the market and you’ve got a 
lot of confidence.” 

Mr. Curzio said he expected the 


econoim to slow enough (ocnif - : 
corporate profits- Thai couH s&J 
s jow decline in the market of . 

18 percent from these levels, 
about 6.5n0 on the Dow. teTaii*- ; 

Still, he said he was buviqg stoeft \ 
he considers undervalued such as_ 
General Motors and Ford Motor. Hc 
said those companies could with, 
stand a slowdown in the United-. 
States because they have cut co^ 
and are drawing more revenue fropj 
overseas, where economies ant 

picking up. 

Stock in Just for Feet fell sharpfe 
after the sporting goods retailer’s 
second-quarter earnings fell shortq£ 
expectations. .rr> 

Polo Ralph Lauren stock 
after the maker of clothing, cos-.rt 
metics and jewelry was rated “buy-fl| 
in new coverage by a Furman Sea. 
analyst. Kimberly Walin. who aisq. 
added the stock to the firm's 
commend list /Bloomberg, Reuters J 


Sobii-*’ 1 "’"; 

W tr vt 

first-' 1 * 


bitenulimui Herald Tribune Continued from Page 11 medial action, the deficit would sig- In late trading in New York, the 

nifi candy overshoot the 3 percent dollar was at 1 .8568 DM, up from 
^ ■"* to speculate on anything after that limit for joining the single currency 1.8408 on Tuesday. 


in 1999. “At the end of the day, Germany 

The move, which the government will be near enough to the Target to 
pledged would be a “temporary qualify,” said Robert Price, an 
contribution.” increases the tax on economist at the OECD, of the 
huge companies to 41.6 percept Maastricht criteria. “It would be 
from 36.6 percent. The increase will rather difficult at this stage, for Ger- 
be lowered to 39.9 percent in 1999. many to take additional measures to 
With concerns about the future of offset substantial slippage this 
the single-currency project mount- year.” 

ing, 57 leading German economists. The dollar also gained on spec- 
including the Bundesbank council ulation that the Bundesbank will 
■ take no action on German interest 

FOREIGN EXCH ANGE rates when the central bank’s c oun- 

— cil reconvenes Thursday after a 

members Helmut Hesse and Hans four-week recess. 

Juergen Krupp. signed a joint appeal U.S. short-term interest rates are 

for the single cuuency to go forward higher than German rates, w hich 
as scheduled, on Jan. 1 , 1999. makes holding dollars attractive and 

They also warned against sticking lessens the appeal of most European 
too rigidly to the deficit criterion, currencies. 

The appeal will be published Friday The dollar rose io 6.2547 French 
in the monthly Manager Magazine, francs from 6.1995 and to 1.5242 
Yet speculation that the Swiss francs from 1.5137. 
Maastricht treaty criteria will not be The pound fell to S 1 .5945 from 
rigidly observed has pressured the S 1.6060. 

core currencies. A loose interpre- But the dollar slipped to 117.705 
tation might allow the inclusion of yen from 1 18.185. 


Power Computing Chief 
Quits Over Apple Policy 


lirl & 


Its gains against the yen have 
been capped by concern over Ja- 
pan's rising trade surplus, analysis 
said. 

“People are afraid of the trade 
numbers because they think the U.S. 
is upset about Japan's improving 
exports on the back of a weaker 
yen.” said Pippa Malmgren. a cur- 
rency strategist ai Bankers Trust. 
“But I believe it’s of very little 
concern to the U.S." t Reuters 
Bridge Sews. Bloomberg / 


The Associated Press 

SAN JOSE, California — Joel 
Kocber. the outspoken president 
of Power Computing Corp.. has 
quit in frustration over snags in 
licensing talks with Apple Com- 
puter Inc. and an internal disagree- 
ment on how to handle them. 

Mr. Kocher resigned from 
Power Computing on Tuesday, 
only nine months after joining the 
largest maker of Macintosh clones. 
His departure comes two weeks 
after he publicly berated Apple for 
rethinking its licensing strategy. 

That incident, at the Mac World 
convention in Boston, revealed a 
rift between Mr. Kocher. known 
for his impassioned style, and 
Power Computing's low-key 
chairman and chief executive, 
Steve Kahng, an industry observ- 
er said. 

"It was very clear the two were 
at odds over how to proceed with 
Apple and how to deal with this 
clone problem,” said Tim Bajar- 
in. president of Creative 
Strategies Research International 
in San Jose. “Their styles 
clashed." and the Mac World con- 
vention "brought it to a head." 

Mr. Kocher's abrupt departure 
czme amid rumors that Apple is 
planning to acquire Power Com- 
puting. 

Such a move would eliminate 
one licensing headache for Apple 


and neutralize some of the com-- 
petition that has eaten into hs 
sales. Spokesmen for the two 
companies would not comment. . 

Mr. Kocher, 40. has tried to 
rally public support against 
Apple's ambivalence about its 
1994 decision to license its op- 
erating software, enabling other : 
companies to make copies of the j 
Macintosh. 

“1 unfortunately have irrecoin 
cil able differences with Power 
Computing management over the 
way in which to move forw ard on 
the Apple licensing issue,” Mr. 
Kocher said in a statement. “I 
sincerely hope that Apple Com-, 
puier ultimately does the right* 
thing for the Mac community.” 

Apple, based in Cupertino, Cali-: 
fomia, has been entangled in con- 1 
tenuous talks with Power Com- 
puting and other cloneraakers. At 
issue are how much licensees 
should pay for Apple's technology, 
and when they should get it. 1 

But industry observers say 
Apple is reluctant to continue li-i 
censing the Macintosh operating 
system, Apple, which hoped 
clones would help sustain the 
Macintosh platform against en-; 
eroachments by Microsoft Win- 
dows, instead found low-cost _ 
copies were eroding its market” 
share as it struggles to climb out oP 
a severe downturn. 


i| lnd& 11 

l.ifci-’* 

nii, 


V/T— 


ftnsMit i-r. 


U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Wednesday’s 3 P.M. 

The top 200 most adira shares. 

TtVAsSOttMPrVSS 


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Daw Jones 

Open mo* Uw Ck*. 

Indus 791172 718941 789171 797149 

7 ran* ;»] 9 2925-43 387140 J919J9 +39^8 

Ull 23177 23270 331.60 23734 

Cano 245274 247681 244740 247123 .2073 

Standard & Poors 


Industrials 108903107142108903 


Most Actives 
NYSE 


Nasdaq 


657.13 651.66 656.14 
19803 197.05 19803 
10671 1Q502 10647 
92601 912419 926.01 
900.92 88778 900.92 


4U.IJ <7973 483.87 +473 

61179 80571 81178 +579 

43971 415*6 4 VOt *4.18 

1HLD7 26874 J87.B3 +OS1 

45154 44855 45079 +4.11 


MOBS 1599.11 1619.92 +1901 
127772 136271 127752 +1525 
171771 17W72 171276 +413 

171057 1 694314 1709.02 +1270 
2044S4 203053 304l2 +804 

101251 IQD47D 101107 +307 


HWi Law WJ4 Oa- 
84417 841 JH 84571 +489 


Nasdaq 


va. Kiek 
132263 041k 

60773 38%k 
58050 56 
53100 4£N 
4841 1 U 
47140 4Tl 
42733 81 N 
40576 108634 
38843 37V 
38613 371k 
37747 42"k 
34172 7M 
34039 57U 
31416 87M 
31404 N' » 


Vet MM 
141705 87V: 
121433 25M 
105507 9VM 
61938 42» 
74731 16*Vk 
70405 79k 
89004 471l 
67471 12M 
88*12 52*k 
84486 38M 
81560 21 
57123 71 
58307 52M 
53941 20M 
5219S 44*ii 


Law 3s4S 

«T1 84' a 
35"% 38 

53+« 5S-1» 

44 V. 454k 

44 45 47 47 
«i; 6l'« 
10*11 10811 
36'7 38V4 
35>» JT1 
40M 41 k. 

7M l'.t 
S8*k 5**1 
ISM 8*v. 
94 'k H 


LOW Ml 

JKW >741 
23N 2SVk 
97M 99V, 
40 l 'k40*M. 
1841 114k 
*> 7JM 
45M 47M 
11 I2M 
SOM 52M 
340k 34*. 
19 H# 20 

75M 77Mk 
50U 574. 
I8M 20M 
5*M 649k 


Dow Jones Bond 


Law 1-U CM 
IVh II ++» 


20 8a neb 
iouhhh 

lOIndustrtab 


10472 104JQ 

101.60 101.43 

106X3 10663 


13399 7*. 7M 7h +9, 

119*5 AVI SM 6 +M 

1139 V. U M -Ik 

8104 &M SM 9M +v, 

74*9 19M 184k 19M 

5440 3391 33 HM 


Trading Aclivily 


TOMnuiiM 

SS tJSf 


Aomnd 

DecUiwd 

Undnnard 

TQUIraun 

NtwHIglB 

Mew Low* 

Dividends 

Company 


Nasdaq 

Msea Prk*. 

1408 2048 AOvaiCM 

974 III pedSwd 

*33 5*0 Unc+qrned 

3215 340* Touenuca 

108 96 New Highi 

13 14 Mm Law* 


Market Sales 


262 3TI 

193 217 NYSE 

IS Ml AmBK 

™ Nasdaq 
4 3 InmBon s. 


1897 2443 

1394 1816 

20*2 1695 

^ 5754 

124 182 


7o*r Pm. 

IM coo*. 

414.83 653 j57 

21.91 27-63 

571.45 854.08 


Company Per Amt Rec Pay 

STOCK SPLIT 
Bwm Com 3 for 2 split 
Merucal Assurance 2 for 1 spIQ. 

MettJianta NY Bncp 2 far 1 spH. 

Quorum HBh Grp3 nr2 split 
Smlttikflrw Boocfiam 2 far 1 spSt. 

Vlrco Mfg 3 for 2 split 

STOCK 

CA Indepond Bncp . 5% 8-29 9-12 

Hlghreld Steel b .7859 8-22 - 

TrustCoBkNY . 15% 10-24 11-14 

INCREASED 

CNB Hn Corp NY. Q .13 B-29 9-10 


CN5 Bancorp 
Find of Amorioa 
Merdmts NYBncp 
Nordstrom Inc 
Royal Co rtbbean 
Sill Alabama Bncp 


OS 9-2 9-26 
3S 10-9 10-30 
Ml 9-19 10-7 
.14 8-29 9-15 
.15 9-2 9-29 

.11 9-17 10-1 


Becker MAg 
Scotland Bnm 


SPECIAL 

_ 05 8-29 9-5 

- 6J» 9-15 9-29 


REGULAR 

AdvantoCorpA. Q .11 8-28 9-16 

Barnett Bks Q Jl 9-5 10-1 

BkKfloyWstn Q SO. 9-10 9-22 


Company Per Amt Rec Pay 

OM HlYld Sec M .08 8-29 9-9 

CoglesA. O -03 8-29 9-15 

Carafena Fsl Bncsb □ .06 9-12 9-26 

Cenltrpolnt Prop Q JM3 11-10 12-1 

□ttzens Bncshrs Q J27 9-30 10-10 

Conund NtFnPA Q .18 9-3 9-30 

Deposit Guaranty Q JO 9-16 1 0-1 

Enron Gib Pwr Q 25 8-29 9^15 

FBL Find Q .10 9-15 9-30 

Rd Midwest Bncp a JO 9 30 10-22 

Real Find Q AS 9-3 10-1 

Fleet Fnod|pf VII x A 25 9 15 70-1 

Fnmldn Multi Inca M .064 8-29 9-15 

Franldin Prinlcpl M .045 8-29 9-15 

FrsnkSnUniv M .067 9-15 9-30 

HFNCRnd Q 07 9-5 9-29 

Lancs Drug Stn Q .14 9-2 10-10 

ML Bancorp Q .10 9-P 9-23 

Malewan Bncshri Q .12 9-1 9-15 

MorpanSln HI YW M .11 8-29 9-15 

MuflSvBSLI Q 25 9-19 9-26 

Nontean Corp Q JO 9-5 9-23 

Raymond James Q m 9-17 10-2 

Sbanalnc Q 27 9-18 10-3 

SeacstBkpFLA, Q JO 9-19 *30 

Setes Corp Amor Q X4S 9-12 9-30 

Siena Pac Resour O Jl 10-17 1 1 - 1 

TnrsICoBkNY, Q 275 9.5 10-1 

o-asauab b-cqttradawte mnmt per 
share/ AD lb 9-poyidtte In CanadBm fandv 
mHnaamy;<H|iiartwtn s-senl-o no oaf 


Stock Tables Explained 

Srtes flguies are unofSdaL Yenrty highs and lows rafled Ifie previous 52 weelB plus the current 
weeK. but nallhelatesttrocSnp day. Wfteieaspit orstodicfiviaefKl amounting to 25 penxnt or more 
has been paid, the years higlvfow range and dMdend are shown lor the new docks only. Unless 
otherwise noted, rates of rftddends are annual (flsbunemente based on the lalesl dedamflm. 
a - dividend also extra fa), b - atnuai rale ol iSvidend plus slock dividend- c - nquldaling 
dMdend. cc - PE exceeds 99-dd - called, d - new yearly low. dd - lass In ihe last 1 2 months, 
e - rflvidend declared or paid In preceding 12 months, f - annual rate, increased on lost 
decJo rollon, g - dividend In Canadkui fundi, subject to 15% non-residence tax. I - dividend 
declared offer spIB-up or stock (8vfdend.j - efividend paid this year, omitted, deferred, or no 
action taken at latest dMdend meeting, k - dividend declared or paid this year, an 
accumulative issue wflti dividends in armors, m - annual rate, reduced on last dedaraiion. 
a - new Issue in the past 52 weeks. The high-low range begins with Ihe start of trading, 
nil- next day delvery. p-mibal dividend, annual rate unknown. P/E-prtce-eanrings ratio. 


u - new yearly high, v -tnxfing hailed, ei - In bankruptcy or receiveffitilpor being reorganized 
unfertile Bankruptcy Ad, or securities assumed by such comptmtas. wd - when distributed, 
wi - when Issued! war - whh warrants, x - ex-dhndend or ex -rights, xds • ex-distribuikm. 
*w- without warrants. y-e*-dMdend and safes In fudyW-yretdr -soles In hid 


Aug. 20, 1997 

High Low Lalesl Chge Oprni 

Grains 

CORN (CBCTJ 

5.000 mr mmrrmmv cents per bushel 

Sep 97 264t Til -J 282 -- -r. 37J64 

Dec <77 268 ids’-- 268 -1 . 1M.123 

7Aor9S 776 274 274j -l't 3&97C 

Moy 98 2«F. 278-. 2W-. -1 .- 10339 

Juf 99 285 282V. 282 *. -IV. 17^35 

Sepra XS". 2Syv Wi imctl 1J73 
Dec 98 267U 285 280-. unch. B.979 

Est. solos NA Toe's sdes 46.193 
Tuirs open ini to J38. ctl 197.347 

SOYBEAN MEAL fCBOT) 

TOO kins- doSors per ton 
Aug 97 27100 25800 28050 -980 1.014 

Sep 97 23SJ0 23180 23220 -320 25J25 

Oct 97 213.00 209.10 20940 -440 15.962 

Dec 97 20850 20080 201.10 -3J0 42902 

Jan 98 20050 19750 198J0 -130 6576 

Mar 98 19880 I«3J0 19400 -4.00 1397 

Est. sales NA Tun sales 79,022 
Tuts open Inf 108.141. OH 2J03 

SOYBEAN OILCCBOT) 

80.000 lb*- cents per lb 

Aug 97 22.14 2203 2210 -005 209 

Sep 97 2230 2207 2212 -0.10 18.051 

Od 97 2247 2285 2230 -010 14.158 

Dec 47 2240 22-58 2282 -012 43.584 

Jon *8 TUI 2280 2280 -0.11 7,718 

MOT 98 7030 2103 2104 4LJ1 6.115 

Esi sda* NA Tun sola* 1L0B7 
Tubs open ltd 96897, off 2544 

SOYBEANS tCBOT) 

4000 bu minimum- cents per bushel 
Aug 97 761 730- TlOVi -48M 821 

Sep 97 655 644 845V: -9V, 11702 

Nov 97 871 809 610 -9H 82578 

Jan 98 625 61316 613M -9M 17-234 

Mar 98 83017 673 623U -9M 6827 

Est. iotas NA Tun sales 37^*3 
Tun open bd 131745 off i,249 

WHEAT (CBOTl 

5000 bu minimum- cents per bushel 

Sep 47 365 3804) 343M +2W 21825 

Dee 97 381 376 377V, +1M 56300 

Mur 98 341 387 384 +2M 16311 

May 48 392W 389h 391 Vr +2H IJ71 

Est. sales NA Tun soles 12712 

Tun open M 1 OS 536. up 1,268 


Livestock 

CATTLE (CMER) 

42000 lb*.- cents per Bl 
A ug 4/ 66.90 **30 6642 +0.10 

Ocf47 69 47 68J2 6885 undi. 
Dec 97 7115 7040 7050 4L50 

Feb 98 7382 7242 7250 -0J5 

Apr 98 75JOO 7443 7480 -435 

Jun 98 7180 7135 7142 4U0 

EsL soles 15.133 TiW* solas 18.2*8 
Tim open mi 4332a on 184* 

FEEDER CATTLE (CMER) 

StWOO *11.- eenls per b. 

Aug 97 8035 7987 80.02 4135 

Sap 9 7 9025 79.10 7937 4155 

Od 97 8050 7VJJ5 7932 -0 JO 

NtW 97 81.75 8040 8087 4L40 

Jon 98 8240 8155 8187 -030 

Mar 98 8235 B140 81.75 -035 

Esl. sales 4887 Tun cafes 1049 
Ton open In) 22371 . aH 216 

HOGS-Leao (CMER) 

40000 lbs.- cents par B> 

Aug 47 79.15 unch. 

Od 97 7050 6955 7037 .057 

Dec 97 87.45 6677 8735 41.02 

Feb 98 8652 8582 88.47 +A20 

Apr 48 6285 8225 8260 *0.10 

EsL sates 7.706 Tun safes M58 
Tun open bit 29^151, on 5310 

PORK BELLIES (CMER) 

40000 lbs.- cents per b 
Aug 97 8435 8280 BIBS +0.10 

Fab 48 7130 7000 70 BO -0.15 

MOf 98 7130 7030 7740 -0.15 

EsL soles 1520 Tun series 1.172 
Tun open M 4542 an 43 


Food 

COCOA OK3EJ 
10 metric Ions- S per tan 


Sep 97 

1550 

1535 

1550 

♦ 15 

1.655 

Dec 97 

1570 

1553 

1569 

•t-lA 

3&815 

Mar 98 

1602 

1583 

1597 

+ 73 

24337 

May 98 

1*15 

1602 

1615 

+12 

Ii35» 

Jul 98 

1635 

1635 

1435 

+ T2 

2-464 

SepW 

1657 

1*42 

1657 


1943 


EsL safes 6355 Tun safes 6963 
Tim open ml 49384. up 683 

COFFEE C(NCSE) 

37500 fes.- cams per b. 

Sep 97 18950 17080 170.70 -1*« 3886 

Dec 97 18900 15580 155.95 -1130 4.166 

Mar 98 15150 14140 14100 -9.00 2913 

May 98 14550 13550 13550 -940 1.157 

JIX9B 143JM 13050 13050 -950 80S 

EsL sales 11.159 nm solas 5.230 
Tun open Ini 1 9302 off 233 

SUGAR WORLD It CNCSEJ 
112000 B&- cent* per B. 

Od 07 1184 1154 1159 -015 101594 

Mar 98 1242 1185 11.94 411 67388 

May 98 1201 1185 11.92 4.10 I&726 

Jut 98 11.90 1177 1185 4.05 9817 

EsL soles 27,190 Tun safe* 20343 
Tun open lid 203333. up M9S 


High L» LTW C-Tje Cyrl 

ORANGE JUICE (NCTN) 

iiOTO lb*.- ends per C 

Sep 61 E3 435C -+ =f .r.~ ".“r 

%cv97 tij» 7i’2 ::-s: -.re-. ‘Lti: 

.‘en 53 73 K 733: 7335 3i £3si 

.■.'4.-93 76 75 -U.ZS 7c.~z .If 3.LT 

EsL sales NA Ties safes " ~’l 
Tifescce.mnl at* " 

Metals 

COLD (NC5VO 
lOOfeTraL-Ocaar-, cerlrrv 
4ug97 32250 32135 3131 -5 “ j4i 

5es e 7 “IK • j: : 

Oct 97 371 X 22’i •’ 3C •j.is: 

Dec 47 32650 7T-K r4“ ‘.t. 1M«29 

Feb 98 33750 3^60 22a.:- -13C 1433 

Apr 48 339.30 328.10 23=': -1 ?; 5J71 

Jim 98 33170 ISO TO 33C10 -3.0C 1 .tT 

Aug 98 333 K -213 ill’ 

Od 48 344C -MO ill 

Ell. soles NA Tires sales 17.4CJ 
Toes open in) 2&l.&5fc cfl 5866 

Hi GRADE COPPER (NCMX) 

254001b*.- cents per !b 

Aug 97 9940 9750 9310 -050 1,314 

Sep 47 9940 °7 70 48.15 -05-: 19143 

Qa«7 99J0 9950 4945 -C35 1^5* 

Nov 97 99.7V 98.15 98.15 -022 T-feJ 

Dec 97 9950 96XS) 9S IS -0 -.3 11.01* 

Jan 48 WJ0 98.15 95.15 -OK 

Feb 98 99.65 4790 97.9: -0.1C- 66S 

Mar9fl 98JU 9755 9755 -L 05 2724 

Apr 98 9050 96.90 9n-90 4 1C 483 

Est. Idas NA lues soles & T 99 
Tun open bit 42321. alt 942 

SILVER (NCMX) 

5.000 fray or eenls per tray 07. 

Aug 97 448.10 -110 24 

Sap 97 45200 -M25Q 44940 -2» 42264 

Od 47 45270 -220 T8 

Dec 97 450.00 -14950 455.70 -210 24,296 

Jan 98 457 30 -210 22 

Mares 46230 46040 46230 -210 10.688 


Moy 98 484.30 -210 1074 

JIH98 470J0 -210 2121 

EsL sale* NA. Tun safe* 4,542 
Tun open ini 88.932 off Ull 

PLATINUM (NMER) 

50 Irav a i.- doBan per bay az. 

Aug 47 450.00 unch. 

Od 97 41150 40200 4104P +240 10527 

Janbfl 405A0 39750 405 40 +140 259* 

Apr 98 402 00 39540 399.90 *340 4|9 

Jill 98 395.90 39500 39590 +140 1 

Est. Mies NA. Tue* safes 1425 
Tim open Mf liaa oft 347 

Close Previous 

LONDON METALS (LME1 
Dollara per metric ton 
AhiMhrara fflrgb Grad*) 

Spat 168440 1684.00 177340 177440 

Fcrwara 1679 00 1630 00 163540 1635'.^ 

Capper Cathodn (Hlgb Crorfel 
Soot 2180 00 218200 7138^7 2141 

Forworn 217740 2178.00 214440 214500 

Lead 

Spot 59200 S«340 589.00 59000 

Forward 8069; 80740 60200 80100 

Nkkd 

Spot 6*6540 687500 6590 00 660040 

Fanrad 676540 677540 6690.00 6700.00 

Tin 

Spol 534040 53*5.00 5335.00 534040 

Forward 539040 539540 5385.00 539040 

Doc (Speckfl Htah Grade) 

Spot 1674.00 167700 162540 163040 

Forward 150040 150240 147240 147*00 

High Low aose Chge Oplnt 


Financial 

US T BILLS (CMER) 

SI mlAon- WsoriOOpd. 

Sep 97 94.93 94.9? 9492 4.01 7.632 

Dee 97 9+L86 9443 9443 -042 1074 

Mar 98 9442 undL 1.026 

EsL safe* NA Tun sates 299 
Tun open nt 10,732 ah 180 

5 YR TREASURY tCBOT) 

S100000 pnn- pi* & 64ibs of 100 pd 

Sep 97 107-16 107-04 107-07 - 09 201990 

Dee 9? 107-01 106-52 106-54 - 09 73466 

EsL sales NA Tun Safe* 42008 
Ton open bit 224456. ofl 2587 

10 YR TREASURY tCBOT} 

II 00400 pro- pis A 32nds ol 100 pd 

Sap 97 109-24 109-15 109-18 . 05 334.1*8 

Dec 97 109-14 109-05 109-09 . tU 82477 

E*1 sole* NA Tun sale* *7.365 

Tim open ml 4105*9. afl! *10f 

US TREASURY BONDS (CBOTl 
<8 pd-f 100400-pls A 32nds of 100 pdl 
Sep97 114-09 113-24 113-28 Vio 494.291 
Doc 97 113-28 113-11 113-17 -09 64484 

Mar 98 1I34W 1134* I134B 08 32404 

E*l. sales NA Tim sales 3U2628 
Tim open M 594.982 off 5387 

LONG GILT (LIFFE) 

£50000 - pis A 32nds of 100 pd 

Sap 97 115-14 115-01 115-04 +0-02 170,589 
Dec 97 115-U1 114-22 114-24 ,0-07 >al41 
EsL Idas. 52332 Prev. soles. 50504 
Pnw open tal.. 180,730 up 1511 

GERMAN GOV. BUND (UFPEI 
DM250400 - pis 0(100 pd 
Sep 97 10294 10260 102 73 -0 13 264.131 

Dot 97 10706 iai 80 10148 -4.U 23A32 
E*l safes; 151,399. Prev. late*. 167.164 
Pray, open toL- TS7M7 up 940 


J High Lon Ldesi Chge Opraf 

10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MATIF) 

rFKCXO-cisaf.Oiipc: 

7 fresr IK13A ia)04 130.14 -C06 1SA769 
: D«c9T 9?u 9906 99.12 —0.04 11.776 
£ Vsr*B 91 (C 9S80 -632-004 0 

• 5sL»ctes: 96.518 

CpsaoSL It£-5-l5 ett 1 j2i 

_ ITAUAN GOVERN ME NT BOND (LIFFE) 

l TL 1-X r-tsi - pis at 100 pd 
Sec or -,31*32 135.* 136.72 -G.72 105.219 

ZKfr :c£.75 1C8J? 10874 .05? 5.959 

. V— ^ NT NT. 109 78 -059 IJ 

- =*:. sates. 72! 7t Prev safes 54137 

■ Pra. cserep- 1I1.IT7 up 3J1I 

: UBOR 1-MONTH (CMER) 

; 55 pts of 100 pa 

5ep 77 9437 743a : 4J6 trek. 16.050 

, Gd?7 9 4 35 9*JJ °Ai! -001 

N3* 97 9432 ?*J9 9430 O01 i4jl 

Ell. Kiel fLA. Tuts sates (.298 
“i;es epen fnt 55,58 1 up 321 

EURODOLLARS (CMER) 

Si milfion-pts atlOO pci 

, Sec 97 94J9 94J7 94 28 unch 4894)84 

1 Od?,' MJ1 94J0 9A20 0.01 4052 

. Dec 97 94 15 94 11 9412 -0JJ2 481237 

'.Mr 98 94.10 94 05 94.06 -0 03 342993 

Jun98 94 00 9394 93 9* <1 02 J7&9-JJ 

[ Sep 99 Cl* g3 to 4JCU 221.037 

Dec 98 91 79 71T* 93.75 -0.04 187.009 

A lor 99 4277 93 71 9172 4)4)4 130.999 

1 Jun99 9171 9167 4187 -0 04 100.941 

Sep 99 9268 93*4 93 64 -004 82044 

Dec 99 9259 9256 925* -004 72J» 

MorOO 9258 9155 9355 -004 6A478 

EsI. sates NA Tun into* 372873 
Tun open Ini 27WX476 up 6334 

BRITISH POUND (CMER) 

*2500 pounds. 1 per pound 

Sep 97 16044 15878 1J934 - 0110 48^62 

Dec 97 15920 15830 15854 -012e 1.102 

Mar 08 15916 unch. 208 

Est. sates N A Tun sates 2955 

Tun open Inf *9.772 all 126 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER) 

102000 italkys, s per Cdn cXr 

Sep 97 71*3 7181 .7I89 - 0.0006 52131 

Dec 97 . 7230 . 7217 .7278 + 0.0008 5.281 

Mar 98 7J49 unch. *98 

EeJ safe* NA. Tun solos 14,247 

Tun open tal *4364. up 6 719 

GERMAN MARK (CMER) 

1 25AQO marks, t per mark 

Sep« 5450 S397 5394 4M55 90.774 

D« 77 5458 5424 5426 4.0055 4503 

Mar 98 5468 5464 5464 4)0048 1JT8 

Esi wtes NA. Tun soles 25.970 

Tun open mi 104.7)2 oh 21 

JAPANESE YEN (CMER) 

125 nrilton yen. % per 100 yen 

Sep 97 .8542 5462 8533+0.0039 78.778 

Dec 97 8654 .8*05 8440»0A035 1451 

Mar 99 8757 8 757 8757 t 0.0037 S3I 

Ect. sales N A. Tun sale* 10.033 

Tim open Nil B1J69. up 39 

SWISS FRANC (CMER) 

125800 Irene-. S per Irene 

Sep 97 .4626 6565 *580-0 0044 51.724 

Dec 97 64*0 .6635 6648 -0.0045 2501 

MorVS 5762 unch. 1.057 

Ell. Mfe* HA Tun sales 1389 

Tue* open ini 54891 ofl 1.JI7 

MEXICAN PESO (CMER) 

500800 peso*. J per peso 

SepW 12775 .12735 .12770 + 00248 21206 

2SS.S 12300+00177 13.929 

Mar 99 11880 118*0 11877+ 00085 

Esi sates NA Tun safes 1969 

Tun open Irrt 44,209. of| 66* 

3-MONTH STERLING (UFFF1 

C50Q800 - pis ol 100 pd 

SSS 2J 74 0275 ♦O- 01 1044S7 

*°-°l 122.790 

MarW 92*8 »255 9758 +0.02 99j| 3 

JunM 92.40 9JA6 9259 -002 69,744 

Sep 98 9255 92.60 9254 -0.03 55810 

B* 6 - 9166 92Jn * OOJ 47^79 

Mar 99 9+ 77 92.71 917* +0 03 39.199 

EsJ. safes- 66A92. Prev sales 59.798 
Prev. open im.: 432A73 up 1864 

3-MONTH EUROMARK (L1FFE1 

DM1 miUkui-plsa( 100 pd 

Sap 93 96.66 96*2 96-6* -0 03 246678 

Od97 9*^ 96J8 9657 -0.03 W 

, *- 44 —0.06 291.250 
*® J ' -0-* 280*99 - 

Jun98 96.17 9*0* 9*09 —009 204,5*2 

Sop '78 95.97 95 B8 9589 —009 144.75* 

DK98 9573 95*5 9S56 =008 l£i£ 

Mor 99 V554 9547 9548 —007 124703 

JUI199 9539 95J0 9SJ3 -OA7 tS® A 

Esi safes. 196.776 Prov. axes. lil^TO R 

Pre*. open tau 1^71,657 ah 11,937 C 


J-MONJ H PI BOR (MATIF) 

FF5 nfeion - pis o( 100 pel 
5«p 97 9654 J6-51 9653- 

Dec97 9640 96.34 9436- 

Mar98 96J7 9* 21 96JS - 
Jvn«8 96.16 96.10 9612 - 

Sep 98 9601 95.9* 95.98 - 

Est. sales 524)55 

Open taL; 366027 att 251 5 

3-MONTH EUROURA (UFFEl 
itl 1 mllton -pi* at ioo eci 
5«p 97 93 29 9124 9129 

Dec 97 9170 91(0 93*9 


-am 65.934 
-004 37599 
-O.03 31528 
-004 24849 
-0.04 3a?4A 


004 99AI5 
007 93AS3 


High Low' Lalesl Chge opmi 

Uar93 9401 93.94 9199 +005 53US 

Jun98 9426 9417 9421 -004 44JM 

Scp«a 94 37 9430 9434 +0A3 37A65 

Dec 98 9445 9439 9441 +003 28435 

Esi. sates. 55.932 Prev. sides 47JJJ5 
Prev. open tat.: 382.9*3 oh 8699 


Industrials 

I COTTON 2 (NCTN) 2i_! 

I 500001b*.- eenls per 0) 

I Oct97 7180 7130 73 65 +0 07 854E 

Dec 97 7400 7352 7175 -0.10 42JH3 

Mar 49 75.15 7455 75X0 -007 1UM 

May 98 7585 7560 7178 -0.07 

JUI98 76 75 7640 7652 -0.08 43* 

Est. sales NA. Tun sates 9.996 ‘ ^ 

Tun open Ini 79589. aH 7*9 

HEATING OIL (NMER) '?*' 

-C. 000 goL cents per gal 
Sep 97 55.90 5490 5520 *151 30® 

Od97 56 65 55 85 56.10 -OAfl 3SWJ 

Nov «7 5750 56 80 57.00 4U0 TM® 

Dec °7 5825 5765 5785 -0.23 20516 

Jan 9a 58 90 5820 5845 -025 \5M 

Feb 98 SB 80 58 JO 5850 -tt25 

Mar 93 58.00 57 70 5785 +D.B5 TJtfr 

Esi sale* N A Tue 5 sates 25.557 
Tun open tar 147,223. up 538 

LIGHT SWEET CRUDE (NMER) ' ™ 
1-000 bbl- dolun per bbl wj 

Sap 97 20 25 14 38 20.05 4U» Jtt® 

Oct 47 20.46 20.10 2026 4107 108^ 

Now 97 3055 2027 203* -005 44Sd§ 

Dec 97 20.55 M-30 20.43 *02 M 

Jan 98 20 58 2022 20 42 -0.03 308E 

Feb 9B 20 45 19.70 20.42 -002 14717 

Esi. solas N A Tues sates aa 159 >j3 

Tue 5 open ml 435.719. up 55fi 

NATURAL GAS (NMERJ ^ 

UL0M mm tan S per mm blu -jr. 

Sep 97 2.577 1430 2455 -0273 4M» 

Oc197 2.579 2-450 2490 -0842 4<M« 

Nov 97 17 ClS 1590 2615 -0 047 r 7,5ft 

Dec 97 2830 1 720 2 735 4)057 1871; 

Jan 48 2 840 2 730 7.745 43852 18,39* 

Feb 98 2A» 2J550 25*0 4)040 ly®*- 

Esi sales N A Tow sales *0656 c. } 

Tue s open ml 224920. up 4300 

UNLEADED GASOLINE (NMER) j-3 

42400 gal, cents per gal 
Sep 97 *9 JO *7.40 69J0 +182 345W 

oa 97 *1 90 *0.90 *180 +IL74 21® 

Nov «7 59.20 J0JO 58.90 +809 !!■«+ 

Dec 97 5830 57 A0 57.90 4L1S 1LJT 

Jan 98 5830 57 60 57 80 4122 lOjtt 

Feb 98 58.25 58.10 58.10 4L29 

Mar 98 so 97 uadi. 4®*.- 

Apr 98 4] ^j unch. 

EsJ. safes N.A Tun sates 31356 -V 

Tun Open Ini I08A19, up 1141 ' 

GASOIL OPE) 

J3 S bjllars per mcMc Ion- Ms a( 1 00to*-]£ 
Sep 9? 17125 17125 17125 + 050 TSM 

'3d 97 174 25 1 7325 1 7325 +0.50 I4« 

Nov 97 175.75 17475 175.00 + 050 

9« 97 177J5 17*25 I762S +07S 117S4 

Jan 98 177 75 1 77 A0 176 75 + 02S RJ» 

febW 17*50 17650 17*50 +050 4»J 

Mar 98 I7SJS 175.00 1 74J5 + 1 DO UBL 
Est. safes- 11. **8. Prev. sales ; 9380 ^ 

Prev. open Ini.: 81 teOOottlA71 ;;.r 

„„ Stock Indexes -■*? 

SP COMP INDEX (CMER) . '9+' 

500 * tape* -t) 

Sep 97 919.40 92750 93830 + 730 1 VCgT 
Dec 97 9*925 93730 948 JO +7.IS 10MT 
Mar 98 956.70 95030 956.70 +5AS MS? 
Est sales NA Tun sates 66.785 n ‘- J . 

Tun open Ini 196331. ofl 1457 

FTSE 100 (L4FFE) 2’ * 

C25perincte» pontt ~ . 

Sep 97 4990.0 4938 0 49840 +423 71.980 . 
Dbc?7 50710 50165 50525 +425 ' 

Mar 98 5080 0 5070 0 50963 +420 j9T 

Esi. sales 9.107 Prev. sole*. B469 ... 

Prev. open tal 79.163 up 369 

CAC 40 (MATIF) 

FFM0 per tfMej paint . _i 

Aug 97 2987.0 2965.0 79870 +440 7W8T 
S«0 97 2995.0 29710 29950 +.445 2441* 

pec 97 3074 0 3000.0 3019.0 +44 0 Wft 

Mar 9g n.I. N T. 31440 +440 
Esi vales 14434 

'3pen ini ■ 70,8*1 up 1.023. J 


Commodity indexes 




;v - 


Moody's 
Rmrtere 
D.J Futures 
CRB 


Oom Provtow, 

1.56650 1563-W' 

1.90S50 1JS»2^0 

14759 '48®. 

238.07 239 * 


SowKes: MaM, Assodafcd Pnas, London 

Si* «i»r 

Residential Real CfflaUe- - .- 

'■vrry Fridin in ITv lnicfniari;|H'. 




o* 


itru a tfiiS WPA V 


:uaCB^m? 


PACE S 


""Ni, 


Mobile-Phone Unit 
Lifts Mannesmann’s 
First-Half Net 54% 


•' Compded by 0«r Sstf Fnym Dupartei 

■ BONN — Mannesmann AG a 
machinery and telecommunications 
conglomerate, said Wednesday that 
«5 first-half profit rose 54 percent, 
□nven by growth at its D2 mobile- 
teiecornmum cations uni t 

^ P 5£ profit in the half 
reached 278 million Deuttrhp 

m^cs ($151.5 million),up^S 
miUion DM in the year-earlier half. 
* %j!rl**£** percent, to 17.74 

'fb^lhon DM, orders increased 12 per- 
cent, to 20.65 billion DM, and the 

"" company said it expected continued 

' 1 ■ growth m the second half. 

9 # ff ? / ; f ; 1 1 j s , r / i , - 

r f j "^j Indian Airline 
I'/* 11 ' Ptijjp. Makes Amends 

With Lufthansa 

Cmpilfd ty Ovr Sk&Fwm Papua-6rs 

NEW DEI .HI - — Luftha nsa 
AG said Wednesday it was 
close to a rapprochement with 
its estranged mdian partner and 
a their joint venture, Modiluft air- 

- « line, would be restarted soon. 

Modiluft collapsed in May 
1996 when Lufthansa pulled 
out and accused its partner, In- 
dia’s Modi business group, of 
withholding 33 million 
Deutsche marks ($18 million') 
in dues. 

“Lufthansa and Modiluft 
have agreed to a comprehensive 
settlement plan that resolves 
our outstanding issues that have 
been the subject of litigations 
between the two organiza- 
tions,’ ' a Lufthansa spokesman 
said. 

Separately, Scandinavian 
Airlines Systems said it was 
strengthening its alliance with 
Lufthansa to tap the Finnish 
market. The move follows 
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 
c NY’s alliance this week with 
» V Braathens SAFE ASA of Nor- 
way. which is aimed at com- 
peting with SAS. 

(AFP. Reuters) 


Many analysts said they were sur- 
prised by the performance and Had 
raised their forecasts for the com- 
pany s stock, which rose 5.14 per- 
cent Wednesday, to 859.50 DM 

The results showed Mannes- 
man. traditionally a machinery and 
engineering company, was making 
most of its profit in Ger man y’s 
small though fast-growing mobile- 
telephone market. The company is 
poised to increase its telecommu- 
nications business, competing with 
Deutsche Telekom AG. when Ger- 
many’s market opens fully ro com- 
petition on Jan. 1 . 

“What is missing are the major 
losses expected in Arcor," Man- 
nesman!) ’s fixed-telecommunica- 
tions network, said Jonathan 
Shan try, analyst with Credit Lyo- 
nnais Securities in London. 
‘ ‘Growth in telecommunications 
won tbe near as strong in the second 
half since they’ll be hit with higher 
start-up costs, but these are very 
good results." 

Analysis had expected less profit 
growth after the company said in 
April that earnings at its telecom- 
munications division would flatten 
this year as it absorbed higher start- 
up costs. Instead, the division’s profit 
rose 51 percent, to 513 million DM. 

With only 8 percent of the pop- 
ulation using mobile phones, Ger- 
many has one of the smallest mar- 
kets in Europe, giving providers 
such as Mannesmann potential to 
expand. (Reuters, Bloomberg ) 

■ Holzmann’s Output Rises 

Philipp Holzmann AG said first- 
half output rose 10 J percent, keeping 
Germany’s largest construction com- 
pany on course to break even in 1997 
as the industry remained in a slump , 
Bloomberg News reported from 
Frankfurt 

Output, a measure of sales and 
work in progress, rose to 6J billion 
DM from 5.9 billion DM in the year- 
earlier period. New business and 
order backlog declined as Holzxnann 
said it chose fewer projects. 

Holzmann, which had 1996 net 
income of 1 milli on DM, and other 
O rman construction companies are 
suffering from sluggish demand and 
competition from companies in coun- 
tries with lower wages and costs. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBU NE, THURSDAY, AUGUS T 21, 1997 

EUROPE 


Russia Annuls Exxon Tender 

Project’s Cancellation Deals Blow to Foreign Investors 


PAGE 13 


Ci*nfalrti Pi uur 5tuffFnun Dapalcia 

MOSCOW — Russia dealt an- 
other blow to foreign oil investors 
this week when the natural re- 
sources ministry annulled a big 
exploration and production tender 
won by Exxon Corp. in November 
1996. 

Government and oil industry 
sources said Wednesday that Vik- 
tor Orlov, the natural resources 
minister, had signed documents 
canceling the deal because it was 
not legally watertight. 

"Orlov has signed this docu- 
ment — that is correct,” said 
Vladimir Tumarkin, spokesman 
for Russian state oil firm Rosneft, 
which took part in last year's 
tender to develop the central Khor- 
eiverskaya oil fields in the Arctic 
region of Timan-Pecbora. 

Vladimir Butov, governor of the 
Nenets autonomous region where 
the fields are situated, also signed 
the document, apparently ending 
Exxon's involvement in this par- 
ticular Russian project. 

Felix Chimbulatov, deputy gov- 
ernor of Nenets, said the decision 
was based on recommendations by 
a group of specialists who “found 


five deviations from tbe law in the 
tender conditions.” 

But Exxon said the rights were 
awarded in ‘‘full compliance with 
the tender terms and conditions and 
applicable law.’ * Exxon said it 1 ‘has 
not been advised” that the tender 
was “declared null and void.” 

This week’s tender cancellation 
will do little for the Russian oil 
industry’s tarnished image abroad. 

“This decision is not going to 
do Russia any favors, certainly if 
the annulment is not because Ex- 
xon has failed to meet its invest- 
ment promises,” said Julian 
Leigh, analyst at the center for 
global energy studies in London. 

Analysts said the Exxon tender 
had been dogged by controversy 
from day one. 

Rosneft protested that Exxon 
was getting too many privileges, 
and some local administrators 
were also against it. 

"There were signs that there 
would be repercussions for some 
time because it appeared that 
neither the ministry of natural re- 
sources nor the local authorities 
were in favor of it,” said Alexei 
Kokin of Renaissance Capital. 


The central Khoreiveiskaya oil 
fields are estimated to contain at 
least 150 to 160 million metric tons 
of recoverable oil, and initial project 
cost estimates were $13 billion 

Mr. Chimbulatov said that a 
new tender might be held, but not 
until the reserves were included on 
a list of deposits eligible for de- 
velopment under production shar- 
ing agreements. 

Changes to production sharing 
laws needed to bring them into line 
with Russia's own legislation must 
also be in place before any new 
sale could proceed, he added. 

But this may not be any time 
soon. 

Russian oil production has more 
than halved since peaking at 1 1 .47 
million barrels per day in. 1987, 
and signs of a deceleration in the 
decline in 1996 cannot mask fun- 
damental problems. 

“Russian companies are still 
extracting oil from oil fields, 
which are not in a particularly good 
state,” Julian Leigh said. “If they 
don’t start bringing new produc- 
tion on stream, they can’t continue 
at this pace for much longer.” 

(Reuters. Bridge News ) 


4500 - 

• 4200 -jPV 

■ 3900 -/ 

:: 3600 - jtf— - 

- - - 

3030 M A~M Tja 
t 1687 


London f. • parfg^ • : • 

FISE JOtttnctex. : cCftC4CT" 

5200 - 3250 

: 5000 ‘iA 3100 

m — Vf " 2950 

4600 - -pV- 1 2800 

. 

4200 -rr* ' 2500 .i* » 


M AM J J A 

1997 


M AM J J A' 

1997 


Aftfednasday 


‘ AmsaaaiejRt v " AEX' 

-ig^aD - 1 ' 1 • 

; Frsflskfart DAS 
: Copenhagen .Stock , Market 
HefetfnM : : : tfe( Genera! 


FTS6100 


m72 •. : m 



4>22a43 ."ifeskfig ' 
6324R' 


London 


MBtap ' :*;••• m&&;. 

Parii'. : CAC40. 

Stockholm SX16 

Vfeooa :: ,., r, .Jgn C- 
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Source: Telekurs 

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Rentokil Earnings and Sales Surge 


Reuters 

LONDON — Rentokil Initial 
PLC. a supplier of business services, 
posted sharp gains in first-half earn- 
ings and sales Wednesday despite 
the strong pound. 

Rentokil, whose operations range 
from providing security guards and 
potted plants to cleaning and pest 
control, said pretax profit jumped 44 


percent, to £193.9 million ($311.4 
million), as sales rose 67 percent, to 
£1.41 billion. 

The gains were largely due to the 
addition of BET, a rival British com- 
pany that Rentokil bought in April 
1996 for £2.1 billion. The acqui- 
sition was only incorporated for two 
months of the comparative period. 

Chief Executive Clive Thompson 


said the increase in the value of the 
pound had cut pretax profit by £143 
million and sales by £96 million. 

Although the pretax profit was be- 
low many analysts' forecasts, which 
were as high as £205 million. Rento- 
kil shares closed up 2 pence, at 21 8. 

Sir Clive said Rentokil was un- 
likely to make another major ac- 
quisition for a year. 


BT Offers Concessions to Regulators 


Reuters 

LONDON — British Telecommunications PLC con- 
firmed Wednesday that MCI Communications Corp. 
had offered concessions to U.S. regulators on foreign 
access to the British network so that BT's acquisition of 
the American company could go through. 

“It’s accepted that if regulators see equal access as a 
strategy to pursue, we will go along with thaL” a BT 
spokesman said. 


Tbe spokesman said the concession had been made in 
a letter sent by MCI to the Federal Communications 
Commission in recent weeks. U.S. approval is the last 
major regulatory hurdle for the $20 billion deal. 

BT is reviewing its plans to buy MG after the U.S. 
company said last month that it could post losses of up 
to $800 million this year as it attempts to break into the 
U.S. local market. The British company has said it 
expects to complete the review by the end of August. 


• Deutsche Telekom AG's attempt to block a government 
ruling that would allow rivals access to its local phone 
networks has been denied by a Cologne court 

• Merck KGaA's first-half net profit rose 12 percent over the 
previous year, to 270 million Deutsche marks ($147.1 mil- 
lion), spurred by growth in foreign markets that the company 
predicted would continue for the rest of the year. Sales grew 14 
percent to 3.91 billion DM. 

• German new -car registrations fell 5.2 percent in July, to 
326.394, from June but were up 7.1 percent from July 1996. 

• British retail sales grew 03 percent in July from June, and rose 
6.5 percent over July 1996. the highest rate in nearly 10 years, 
stirring speculation of another interest rate increase soon. 

• Skandia Group Insurance Co.'s first-half net profit more 
than doubled, to 2.22 billion kronor ($277 million) from 966 
million in the six months ended June 1996, as life premiums 
rose, especially in the United States and Sweden. But nonlife 
and reinsurance revenue were stagnant, the Swedish company 
said, amid fierce competition. 

• Royal Nedlloyd Group NV's second-quarter net fell to 57 
million guilders ($27.5 million) from 291 million guilders. The 
earnings were better than expected, but were affected by (be 
sale last year of its Neddrill uniL 

• KrasAir of Russia has placed the first order for Tupolev 
aircraft produced by Sirocco Aerospace International, an 
Egyptian-founded company said. 

• Gold Fields of South Africa posted a loss of 13 million rand 

($2.8 million) for the year ended June, including a one-time 
loss of 456 million rand linked to the revaluing of the value of 
its Nonham platinum mine. In the previous year, the company 
earned 38 1 million rand. Renter Bt, Hunkers, afp. Bridge Nm 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


-Wednesday, Aug. 20 . ... ^ *«- 

Prices In tanil eurrenriea. Dented* Bonk 11470 114® 115.90 1U4> 

Prices in local currencies. DeofT«Wnra 4D.90- 39.10 3930 39X5 

Telekurs DradnerBonk 82® aoxo 81.10 8QJ0 

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1250 1110 1250 
8X5 840 8X5 

630 635 6J5 

673 630 670 

11.90 1230 1150 
7X5 735 7.10 

2450 2490 2420 
356 358 3-52 

232 234 234 

275 2J6 2J6 

1X3 1X6 1X3 

1330 1420 1330 
330 166 334 


Stockholm sx undue 54959 

PrwtoUK 258650 

AGAB 11030 no no 77050 

ABBA 126 124 12450 12230 

AnlOanon 252 24930 250 250 

Asha A 13S 13450 13S 13350 

AftaCapCBA 26050 259 26030 259 


Arid hr 
EiedrohaB 

Ericswn B 

Hermes B 
IncenTwo A 
Invester B 
MoDo B 
MorSwrtwfi 
Rhorm/Upiolin 
Sandv&B 
Santa B 
SCAB 

SEBontenA 
Standlo Fors 
SknnsfaiB 
SKFB 

SpnrtwitenA 
snn A 
SvHarxttesA 
VahaB 


High Low aosc Prev. 

31450 31030 31130 30730 

609 604 606 *05 

- -363 . 360.- 363-- 356 
3 *0 330 23 450 322 

7*0- 725 - 737 724 

421 *14 *17.50 412 

293 289 289 78830 

256 254 25450 25330 

279 275 278 277 

254 252 25330 25130 

229 236 226 227 

189 186 187 188 

88 8630 8730 B7 

337 332 233 332 

336 334 336 333 

229 221 235 220 

186 182 IBS 182 

141 141 140 13930 

25530 25330 25530 252 

220 218 220 21730 


Sydney 

A8 Drr&BartoK 263179 
PlWtout: 262090 


127 

417 

834 

8X1 

ANZBUng 

1112 

9.95 

10.10 

9.98 

BMP 

1732 

17X6 

17X5 

17.13 


190 

3XS 

JX7 

18/ 


M® 

28 

2810 

27.90 

CBA 

16X9 

IS® 

1632 

15X1 

CCAmaB 

16X5 

15.10 

16X5 

16.10 


636 

645 

649 

6*0 


646 

637 

645 

640 

C5R 

5X2 

490 

490 

497 


233 

2® 

243 

IX? 


7 

1.98 

1.99 

1.99 

ta AustraSa 

1195 

1235 

12X0 

12X0 


2990 

29X6 

29® 

29® 

MIMHdv 

Nat AufeXonk 

1J3 

19.T0 

1® 

1B.93 

IJl 

19 

1® 

1897 

Nat Mutual Hdg 

111 

2-10 

2.11 

2.10 


6 

5X3 

685 

6-V4 

Podfle Durtep 

1® 

336 

J® 

2® 

Ptarwfirirt 

495 

4/2 

476 

485 


103 

7.92 

802 

7.93 

RtoTlato 

2090 

2070 

30.70 

MX! 


842 

8X2 

8X2 

836 

WMC 

7J0 

7.18 

72U 

7.19 

WestoocBUng 

122 

77X5 

407 

11® 

6X9 

71-25 

412 

11® 

Wotta erths 

414 

406 

410 

405 

Taipei 

Stock Mate MB: 9855.16 
Prates: 971245 

CBtonyLitolm 

147 

145 

145 

145 


11*30 

113 

114 

113 


81® 

79® 

80 

81® 


132® 

126 

132® 

124 

China Steel 

31.10 

30® 

3QM 

31.10 

FW Bank 

115® 

113® 

114 

114® 


44 

62® 

62® 

42® 

Hua Nan Bk 
trdQmnBk 

119 

117® 

18® 

117® 

Si 

55 

55 

55 

NonYaPtasOcs 

74 

72® 

73® 

72 

Sim Kong LHe 

1® 

98 

98 

98® 

TdwanSeml 

Tahma 

Utd Micro Elec 

158 

1® 

167 

152 

46J0 

132 

45® 

729 

45® 

137 

45® 

122 

Utr) WartdOito 

64 

63 

63 

63® 


Tokyo 


AH Nippon Air 
Aimray 
AsaNBank 
AsahiOnm 

Mate Gloss 

EUrTofcjroMfeu 

Bh Yokohama 

Brid^eslme 
ClMtOO 
OnfeuBec 
ChogoteJ Elec 
Dalfcpp Prtrd 
DaW 

Dd-4 till Kang 
DahraBark 
Doiw House 
DatwoSoc 
DO I 
Denso 

East Japan BY 

Ebd 
Panic 
Fuji Bar* 

Fm Photo 


HwhButeBk 

HftXtt 

Hondo Motor 

IBJ 

(HI 

Kedw 

Bo-Ytorto 

JAL 

Japan Tobacco 

JlfiCD 

Kalbia 

KonsalBec 

Kx 

KanssaUHty 
Kona Sled 
KHdWppRy 
Hrin Brewery 
KofagStod 

Kanotai 

KiAoto 

l^ocBn 

Marubeni 

Mani 

AtefsaCoaoi 
MafeuEfechid 
Motai Elec Wk 
MfauUM 
m^Shai 

MBsibUflEl 

JWintotoEsl 

MHsibbNH«r 

MltwbtsW Md 

MBscAfeNTr 

MisuJ 


WBd 225: 1925253 
Pmfeos: 11961 JM 

1140 1180 1140 

700 710 703 

3300 3350 3340 

SS 877 860 

592 617 600 

975 982 979 

2290 2320 2310 

507 515 504 

2730 2760 2790 

3560 3610 3560 

2030 2040 2030 

1930 1940 I960 

2730 2750 2720 

867 887 857 

1470 1490 1500 

649 685 631 

1350 1380 1360 

761 761 775 

6980a 7090a 7W0a 

2700 2B30 2830 

5610a 5<20a 5400a 

2500 2540 2540 

4370 4900 4950 

1580 1580 1570 

4820 4900 4830 

1*20 1630 1630 

1150 1170 1140 

1210 1230 1210 

3630 3700 3641 

1710 1730 1720 

362 370 360 

487 497 497 

6770 6920 67® 

474 476 476 

9610a 9690a 9960a 

3290 3380 3280 

60S 636 613 

2200 2240 2200 

7770 1810 17® 

463 474 470 

300 304 309 

689 690 689 

950 987 956 

176 180 177 

789 809 7» 

480 491 48B 

8840 8930 8830 

1920 I960 1930 

613 596 

435 410 

1890 1920 1900 

4530 *55$ 4600 

ytto 2330 2330 

1340 1360 1370 

1240 1270 1270 

306 306 314 

549 580 580 

1640 1680 1720 

BOO 809 803 

704 720 731 

1730 17® 17® 

10® 1050 1070 


The Trib Index PwesasoooopwNhrYoAww 

Jan I. 1992= TOO Level Change % change year to dale 

% change 

World Index 17 522 +1.78 +1.03' +17.49 

Regional indexes 

Asta/Paakc 129.20 +1.85 +1.29 +4.67 

Europe 184.08 +0.93 +0.51 +14.19 

At America 208 08 +3.99 +196 +28.52 

S. America 161.64 -1.89 -1.16 +4126 

Industrial Indexes 

Capital goods 229 80 ;3.70 +1.64 +34.45 

Consumer goods 190.68 +1.73 +0.92 +18.12 

Energy 198 59 +3.45 +1.77 +16-33 

finance 133.49 +1.41 +1.07 +14.62 

Miscellaneous 186.50 +1.83 +0.99 +1528 

Raw Materials 187.11 +0.B6 +0.46 +6.69 

Service 162.67 +0.58 +026 +13.46 

umes 161.46 +0-22 +0.14 +12.55 

The International Herald Tritfune World Stock ImteeC racks the U.S. dollar values ot 
260 ntematicroHy fivastabte slocks tram 25 countries For more information, a hue 
booklet » available by wrung to The Trt, Index. 181 Avenue Charles do Gaulle. 

82521 NauUy Cedes. France. Compiled by Bloomberg News. 


High Law Close Pro*. 


MBsui Fudosn 14® 

Mflsul Trust 774 

MurotaMlg 
NEC 
MftJuiSec 
Mksn 

NtrtwKlo 11200 

assr 

Nippon Sl«d 
Nissan Motor 
NKK 

ManuxnSec 

NTT lire* 

NTT Data STKfc 

Ricoh 

Rohm 13900 

SokurnBk 
Sankyo 
Soma Bank 
Sanyo Elec 
Secom 
SdbuRwy 
Sekisuiawn 
Sddsul House 11® 

Seven-Eleven 8920 

ShSufcuElPmr i™ 

Shimizu 
Shin-etiu Ql 
SWseido 
Shizuoka Bk 
Softftar* 

So nr 17500 

Sumitomo 1020 

SumiloraoBli 1900 

SumitGieni 461 

Sumitomo Elec 19® 

SumflMett 281 

SumB Trust 12® 

Joisho Phorm 3190 

TokadoChem 35SD 

TDK 9930 

TohDtaiQPwr 19® 

Total Beni 1030 

Tokio Marine 1450 

Tokyo El Pm 2250 

Tokyo Electron 7450 

Tokyo Go? 290 

Tokyu Corp. 629 

Town 1200 

Toapan Prtrf 1870 

Torrolnd 794 

TibMjo .74? 

Tastem 
Taya Trust 
Toyota Motor 
Yanwmudrl 
ore in tb* Ut00 


14® 1450 

723 72k 

5600 5*90 

1600 1570 

2360 2470 

613 612 

10700 1D60Q 
750 723 

SZ5 499 
310 309 

732 733 

195 I9S 
16*0 1650 

11600 11700 
5390b 57906 
603 604 

273. 7® 
1860 18*0 
13700 13900 
758 743 

3990 3900 

1600 1600 
460 445 

8710 8690 

5600 5610 

1060 1080 
1170 11® 

WOO 8920 
1330 1320 

1920 1890 

637 603 

31® 3250 

21 ® 2220 
1230 1200 

5730 5700 

11*00 1100O 

1020 981 

1890 IB® 
4*8 458 

1930 192D 

28* 280 
1200 1230 

31® 31*0 

3530 3500 

9830 98*0 

I960 19® 

1030 1010 

1450 14® 

2250 Z2I0 
73*0 7*10 

288 288 
623 614 

1700 1170 

1860 18?0 
792 784 

7® 725 

2480 2470 
906 987 

3270 3300 
2990 3010 


Toronto 

AMU Cans. 
Atoerta Energy 
Alan Attn 
Anderson Expl 
Bk Montreal 
Bk Mora Scoria 
Boric* GaW 
BCE 
BC Telecomm 
Blodian Pham 
Bomba nfierB 
Camera 

aac 

CdnKaHRnO 
Cdn Nat Res 
CdnOeeMPet 
GhPaefflc 
Gandnm 
DakBeo 
Domte 
DonohueA 
DuPerdCda A 
EdptfBmscan 
EunNevMng 
Fairfax FW 
fdfconti ridge 
FtetaherCMA 
Fnaice Nevada 
GuKCde Res 
trapertalOil 
Inca 
PPL. 

Lfddkiw 
Laewen Group 
MoanO Bid! 
Magna Inti A 


TSE IsdoslTlalti <754X7 
PiatoS: 671538 


2535 25® 
31)6 3030 
SIM 51 JO 
17V: 17 JO 
56 16 55J0 
6420 6» 
3270 31.65 
41 * *aio 
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39X0 37 JO 
2735 2535 
51 50® 
3845 38 

70ft 6935 
3735 36,90 
35.90 3440 
42® 41fe 
37.95 36® 
30.10 29.90 
1135 1130 
33 3230 
32V 32V 

2330 2365 
22® 21.70 


2140 23V 

33V 32 

1035 10.15 
7435 7155 
40ft 39® 
50V 50ft 
2035 2035 
43.15 4230 
1115 17.90 
91^ 90 


25ft 26.05 
31.10 30.95 
51ft 51® 
17ft 1730 
56ft 5535 
64 X 6 
32 JT_ 
41 40X5 
34.15 3405 
3835 37J25 
27ft 2735 
» .70 52-20 
3830 38.10 
7045 70 

37® 37.10 
3535 3465 
43 4220 
37V 38 

29.95 3020 
1135 1135 
3230 33 

32V 32ft 
23V 23V 

2135 22ft 
392 390 

2714 2714 
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3240 33X5 
1035 10,15 
7420 7345 
4SV 40.05 
5040 51X5 
anas jOm 
4L10 4235 
18 18.10 
91.00 90X5 


Mettumex 

Moore 

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WPtoDnUqB IK1 

Norondalnc 
Nwcen Energy 
Nttarn Telecom 
Nora 
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Potato Pertm 

PdroCda 

Placer Dams 

PocoPeton 

PatasnSmk 

Renaissance 

RteAtgam 

Rogers CanlelB 

beaoamCo 

SrielCriO A 

Suncor 

ToOsman Eny 

TeckB 

Tetegtobe 

TeS^ 

Thomson 
TarDoro Bank 
TronsnBa 
TransCdo Pipe 
Tnmark Fhl 
Trirec Hotel 
TVX Gold 
WesteoasJEny 
Weston 


High Low Close pm. 

12 11.90 12 12 

2830 28ft 2835 28J0 
66J0 62ft MV £110 
27.90 2735 2735 27.95 
3445 34.10 34® 3430 
145 1® 14* U2ft 

11V 1135 11.70 11V 

31® 31® 31V 31ft 

26V 26J0 26X0 2635 
25ft 2110 25J0 25X5 
2420 23V 24X5 2410 

13ft 1314 13ft 13 JO 
10390 102ft 10330 10410 
36 3140 3535 3545 
34 33V 3330 3430 

2735 27ft Z735 27 JO 
MV 49.90 50.10 50.20 
22X5 22 22J5 22V 

46.20 4530 46 JO 45.90 
44V 44 4470 43X0 

27 26® 26-® 27JO 
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26.70 26® 26-70 2fl3S 

33 33V 

42 4T4S 

1735 17J0 1730 17® 
26® 26.20 26.45 26J0 
6595 65V 65® 65ft 

32.15 31X5 32X5 31.90 
7 JO 6X0 7.15 7X5 

2614 26 26V 26.10 

96 95 95 96 


Vienna 

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EA-GeneroB 
EVN 

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OMV 

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Prevtomr 130556 

1030 1020 10271009® 
616 604 606.20 599 

3240 3175 3200 3179 

1634 196 16231593® 

521 ST7 520 519 

1625 1^2 17951761.10 

67230 66105 86115 866® 
595 586.70 ■ 588 S79® 
2396 23702383® 23® 
26352598J5 2605259495 


Wellington 

AirNZnldB 445 4® 4® 439 

Briefly tod 1J» !JS 1^ US 

Carter Hoitord 331 3® 3® 3JD 

Refen CA Bldg 4J3 429 433 428 

Reich Ch Eny 535 5.60 5® S® 

Retdi Ch Fora 1* l® l-M 1® 

RetdlQi Paper 333 3J5 142 130 

UwMotofei 4 318 J 4 

TdeamKZ 7® 734 738 7® 

WBson Horton 11 JO 11X0 11.90 11.90 


Zurich 

ABBB 

Adecco B 

AlusuisseR 

Ares-SeronoB 

AJdR . 

BaerHrto B 

Battse Hdg R 

BKVatel 

CtooSpecChem 

OariantR 

CfdSoteeGpR 

EtettowottB 

Ems-Chenrie 


HalderfaankB 
Ueditanst LB B 
Neslte R 
NoinrtftR 
OerfftnBodiR 
AagesaHUB 
PttonnVteiB 
RfchenwnlA 
Pirelli PC 
Roche Hdg PC 
SBC R 

Schindler PC 
S6SB 
SMHB 
SuturR 
Suits RflinsR 
Swissair R 
UBS 3 
WWeriiiurR 
Zurich AxnirR 


SPI indue 364882 
Prates: 358495 

080 2420 2355 
543 546 541 

386 MOO 1359 
1460 2500 2450 
965 880 870 

H81 2215 21® 
1040 41® 4015 

1 1 to ms ii® 

137 13915 130 

1076 1082 1065 
130 19150 190 

536 538 538 

1760 6800 6790 
1990 4«00 4590 
1299 1325 1273 
587 588 585 

1868 1871 1053 
®5 2302 2252 
730 170.25 168 

1915 1915 1925 
919 932 910 

mo 2179 2119 
323 326 325 

1615 13740 13400 
396 40330 393 

1905 1920 19W 
2980 2995 3000 

907 912 910 

1165 1170 1170 
2114 2127 2100 
1920 1950 1925 
1521 1557 1500 
1400 1424 1385 

404 611 SM 




> 







































































































PAGE $ 




CM \ 



... uuu.MiAitUM.U!. 


cmTtvIkiV txwnaauU>LU_lilI 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


PAGE 15 


ASIA7PACEFTC 


# News Corp. Profit 
Falls Short Amid 
Box-Office Flops 

’ SYDNEY A nair nf ^ company s American de- 

*“««» edged up 

News Coip^ Ltd SS $n “ Ia . te *““■*. w 
report a flop, analysts^ Ann * “ T h 

casasas Hr**-.-— i 

<t The preferred buyback is 




; n 


fo'uri 


■ -'i 


Mwdoch's prediction in Ma y 
of 20 percent growth. 

Net income plunged 29 

f percent, to. 720 million Aus- 
tralian dollars ($531.9 mil- 
lion) from 1.02 billion a year 
earlier laigdy reflecting a 
3/3 million -dollar charge as- 
sociated with the restructur- 
ing of HarperCollins, News 
Corp.’s American book pub- 
lishing unit. Operating in- 
come before nonrecurring 
items rose to 1.295 billion 
from 1.263 billion, while 
sales were up 9.9 percent, at 
14.39 billion dollars. 

■News Corp. said its profit 
for the year ended June 30 was 
da mag ed by "disappointing 
results” from two movie 
flops, “Volcano" and 
"Speed 2,” which had offset 
Twentieth Century Fox block- 
busters such as "lndepen- 

f dence Day" and the re-release 
of the Star Wars trilogy. 

The film division had a loss 
of 154 million dollars for the 
year, surprising those who fol- 
low die company. “I had fore- 
cast a 90 million-doJlar loss 
for the film unit, but the result 
was just disastrous,” said 
Craig Connolly, analyst at JB 
Were, a brokerage. 

'Analysts said they were re- 
ducing their earnings esti- 
mates for the current financial 
year by up to 10 percent News 
Corp.'s film division has sev- 
eral big-budget movies due 
out, and these will be impor- 
tant factors in its earnings. The 
new titles include “Titanic," 
“Alien 4: The Resurrection," 
"Home Alone J," and “Ana- 
stasia," an animati on film. 

^ Mr. Murdoch had suggested 
earnings gains in the 20 per- 
cent range at the annua! meet- 
ing in May , so the results were 
disappointing to investors. But 
News Corp. also said Wednes- 
day that it would repurchase 
up to 13 billion dollars of its 
preferred shares, which have 
limited voting rights. 

'Those shares rase 7 cents In - ■ 
Australian trading, to 4.87 
dollars. The common stock, 
however, fell 10 cents, to 5.85 
dollars. Later in New York, 


pretty clever financial en- 
gineering offsetting some dis- 
appointing operating perfor- 
mance" said Bob Peters a 
media analyst at ANZ Invest- 
ment Bank, who still remains 
bullish on the stock. 

“Looking at it cynically, 
you’d have to say the buy- 
back was done because the 
result was disappointing.” 
another media analyst said. 

There were, however, 
some bright spots in the re- 
port. Geographically. Britain 
was the strongest of News' 
operations, with pretax earn- 
ings rising to 48S million dol- 
lars from 351 million dollars. 

Lower paper prices and a 
15 percent rise in the circu- 
lation of The Times news- 
paper were the driving forces 
For News’ British newspa- 
pers, while BSkyB ’s earnings 
rose 22 percent. 

The company’s U.S. tele- 
vision results showed an in- 
crease in operating earnings 
because of continued growth 
at its original stations com- 
bined with the additional con- 
tribution from the 10 televi- 
sion stations acquired in 
January. But, lower results at 
Fox Broadcasting mitigated 
the impact of these gains, re- 
sulting in a net operating in- 
come increase of 4 percent 
(Reuters, AFP. Bloomberg, 
AFX) 

■ Fletcher Posts a Loss 

Fletcher Challenge Ltd. 
posted a loss in the second half 
as one-time paper-division 
costs and weak prices offset a 
stronger energy division per- 
formance, news agencies re- 
ported from Auckland. 

The company said 
Wednesday that its net earn- 
ings had fallen 66 percent 
from a year earlier to 166 mil- 
lion New Zealand dollars 
($106.5 million) in the year 
ended June 30. 

• The paper division took a 
one-time charge of 400 mil- 
lion dollars for a write-down 
of the value of its UJK_ Paper 
unit (Bloomberg, AFP) 



1 ■«±riii0nl KrtMOnra/Apcnuc Fr^kx-Picw; 

HELPING HAND — Henry Wallace, president of Mazda Motors 
Corp., showing the company’s new Capella car In Tokyo on Wednes- 
day. He said that Mazda would continue to help Kia Motors Corp-, 
supplying components and assistance during Kia’s difficult period. 

Seoul Pledges to Defend Won 


Bridge News 

SEOUL — An official from the 
Bank of Korea said Wednesday that the 
central bank would continue to inter- 
vene in the foreign-exchange market 
when needed and that a dollar level of 
895 won was appropriate for now. 

The dollar rose to 898.70 won 
Wednesday in Seoul from 893.00 on 
Tuesday, when it hit a seven-year high 
of 901.00 won. 

"Nervousness in the domestic for- 
ex market, which is being sparked by a 
sharp devaluation in Southeast Asian 
currencies, is prompting banks to con- 
tinue securing dollars," the official 


said. Despite the threat of continued 
central bank intervention, the won con- 
tinued to weaken as banks bought dol- 
lars to cover import transactions that 
were being settled Wednesday, dealers 
said. 

On Tuesday, traders said, the Bank 
of Korea sold up to $1 billion in for- 
eign-currency reserves to bolster the 
won. 

But the central bank official said 
intervention was unlikely to cause a 
significant shortage of foreign-cur- 
rency funds because South Korea's 
trade deficit is narrowing this year, 
reducing the need for other currencies. 


Korean GDP 
Accelerates 
As Weak Won 
Helps Exports 

CenvStdby Ov SuffFmn Dapauia 

SEOUL — South Korea's gross do- 
mestic product grew 6.3 percent in the 
second quarter from a year ago, the 
central Bank of Korea said Wednes- 
day. 

The growth rate was higher than the 
53 fierce n i growth rate in this year's 
first quarter. Bank officials said the 
country’s exports were helped by the 
weakening value of the won against the 
dollar. A weaker won makes South 
Korean products cheaper in overseas 
markets and lifts the value of exports. 

Some economists predicted that 
growth would accelerate in the second 
half as exports continued to surge. But 
many said that the string of corporate 
failures and a lack of confidence in the 
economy would continue to discourage 
private consumption and investment 

“We believe exports will continue 
to contribute heavily to the overall 
growth,” said Lee Jung Ja. head of 
research at HSBC James Capel Se- 
curities. 

The central bank said second-quarter 
exports of goods and services rose 24.0 
percent year-on-year. Imports rose 7.3 
percent against a rise of 12.5 percent a 
year ago. GDP grew 5.9 percent in the 
first half of this year, compared with a 
7.3 percent rise a year before. 

The central bank earlier said it had 
targeted 6.0 percent GDP growth 1 997 
against a 7.1 percent rise for 1996. 

"Traditionally, strong exports have 
always initialed the nation's economic 
recovery, and it will again be the 
case." said Song Tae-Jung, an econ- 
omist at LG Economic Research In- 
stitute. (AP. Bloomberg, Reuters) 



investor’s Asia 


HongKorig 


Singapore 
Straits. Times" 


Tokyo -■ 
Nikkei 225 


’M A M J J A,: 1900 M A M J J fr " 17000 M jTm J'/T 
1997 1997 1997 


v- 

TiongKong( : 

...tods*;'.. 

HStogSeha 

■Mednmhty. Bm- .7% ■ : 

Close Cfose, .‘ Change 

!S£5&67 




2,630.70. . .2,620.90 ; +0-3? 

: Tokyo • 

NNwes--' 

19,25323 i 8,961.00 +1.54 

[..Ku^UftR|»s;CCfEpo$lte - 

9SSJ5T- 985.81 ‘^6.00 

Beogfeofc: ”• 

■SET " 

586.4* " '590.44: ;: -. 4*68 

SCKHrf 

Composite index 

. 746413. . 741.29 ; +0^7 

T&pet 

Stoc k Mist Index - *885.16 9,712.48 . *1 ,4T] 

SApnfia v 

PSE-' 

2/MLW 2,368-67 +1-66 

Jakarta 

Composfte'fndex 

533.17 590.53 . +0.45 

Wefitagton 

NZS&4Q 

2,502.79 2.493.83 . +0.36 

-Bombay' 

SensiWe index 

•• *£34.63;. 4,l85e37; .+1:66 

Source: Telekurs 


Inicnuuioul HcroM T rthuoc 

Very briefly: 


Sales of Color Copiers Lift Canon’s Net by 60% 


Cflnftlatlp Our Satf Fran Dispatches 

TOKYO — Canon Inc. 
said Wednesday that its first- 
half net profit jumped 60 per- 
cent on strong growth in dig- 
ital color-copier sales. 

The company said the dol- 
lar’s gains against the yen 
also made its products more 
competitive overseas. 

Net profit for the half 
ended June 30 rose to a record 
48.9 billion yen ($4133 mil- 
lion). Canon raised its fore- 
cast for its full-year net by 16 
percent, to a record 86 billion 
yen. Sales rose 10 percent, to 
733 billion yen. Foreign sales 
rose 1 0 percent, while domes- 


tic sales rose 9 percent 

"We were pleased by die 
weakening of the yen and bet- 
ter-than-expected sales of 
copy machines," said Toshiro 
Tanaka, managing director for 
finance and accounting. 

Canon is among a dozen or 
so Japanese exporters that 
have carved out a dominant 
share in global markets for 
hot electronics products rang- 
ing from computer printers to 
equipment used to make 
semiconductors. 

Canon’s shares rose 50 
yen, to 3,610. The profit an- 
nouncement came after the 
market closed. 


Sales of copy machines rose 
25 percent as sales of digital 
color machines rose. Overall 
revenue from office equip- 
ment, which accounts for more 
than 80 percent of the com- 
pany's sales, rose 1 1 percent 
Revenue from personal 
compuier printers climbed 4 
percent and sales of other 
products such as semicon- 
ductor manufacturing equip- 
ment fell 15.2 percent. 


Analysts said growth in 
sales of Canon printers 
slowed because of sluggish 
sales in the U.S. market 
“As the U.S. market for 
printers has become satur- 
ated, it is difficult to stimulate 
demand in the market unless a 
very attractive new product is 
introduced." said Noboru 
Machida, analyst at Nikko 
Research Center. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


• China's coverage in telephone lines has risen to a national 
average of six per 100 people from only one per 100 people in 
1991. The rate for cities rose to 22.4 lines per 100 people. 

• China's State Council has banned foreign investment in the 
countiy's radio and television industries. 

• Athlete's Foot Group, a shoe retailer owned by Rallye SA 
of France, plans to open up to 200 stores in Japan in part- 
nership with Marubeni Corp., one of the world's largest 
trading companies. 

• Rio Tinto Ltd. of Australia plans to review operations at its 
Hunter Valley No. 1 coal mine to "significantly improve" its 
productivity and profitability. 

• Normandy Mining Ltd., which acquired Gold Mines of 
Ka/goorlie Ltd. and POsGold Ltd., posted a be tier- th un- 
expected fourth-quarter profit of 40.1 million Australian 
dollars ($29.6 million), up 26 percent from the third quarter, 
helped by increased gold production and higher zinc prices. 

• Malaysia's current-account deficit in the first quarter nar- 
rowed to 1.8 billion ringgit ($643.7 million) from 3.2 billion 
ringgit in the first quarter of 1996, the state news agency 
Bemama reported. Bur Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mo- 
hamad said the current-account deficit could soar if the ringgit 
continued to weaken, thus making imports more expensive. 

• Daito Kogyo Co., a Japanese contractor that filed for 
protection from its creditors, will be delisted from the Tokyo 
Stock Exchange on Nov. 20. 

■ Australia's Westpac-Melbourne Institute index of eco- 
nomic activity — which forecasts how the economy could 
perform in six to nine months — rose 1 percent in June from 
May. In the year ended in June, the index rose 9.7 percent. 

• Singapore's non-oil exports rose a better-than-expected 6.9 
percent in July, to 7.8 billion Singapore dollars ($5.15 billion), 
sparking optimism of an economic rebound in the second half. 

•Toyota Motor Corp. was Japan's topcorporate earner in the 
year ended in March, as taxable income rose 104 percent, to 
745.4 billion yen (S6.30 billion). AFP. a p. Bloomberg 


China Merges 4 Chemical Firms 


; G Oar Stas’ firm i Dupmka 

HONG KONG — Yizheng 
Chemical Fibre Co., a . 

Chinese polyester maker, said Nanjing in 
Wednesday that its merger Province, 
with three of its key suppliers Some analysts were skep- 


Industrial and Nanjing Chem- 
ical Industrial Crap. All four 
companies are based around 
' T coastal r: 


had been approved, in one of 
the government’s biggest 
moves to turn around money- 
losing state companies. 

Yizheng’s shares jumped 
32 percent, to 5. 15 Hong Kong 
dollars (67 cents) in Hong 
Kon° trading, as investors bet 
the merger would increase ef- 
ficiency. The company’s stock 
has nearly quadrupled in value 
since the beginning of July. 

The deal also suggests that 
the government may accel- 
erate the sale of state assets to 
listed companies. 

Coming weeks before a 
key Communist Party meet- 
ing, the Yizheng merger in- 
dicates that more consolida- 
tions could be in the works. 

. More than 40 percent of state 

w companies are unprofitable- 
• ‘The reason Beijing chose 
to implement it now is be- 
cause of the upcoming party 
congress, for which they have 
taken as the topic of the day 
the restructuring of state en- 


tical of the efficiency of the 
merger. “The hysteria is a bit 
overdone," said Alexandra 
Conroy, also with iNG Bar- 
ings in Shanghai. She said die 
merger offered virtually no 
benefits to (he companies. 
"There’s only geography," 
Miss Conroy said, "Consol- 
idation will bring some sav- 
ings in nonproduction areas 
such as marketing, but that’s a 
small percentage of costs." 

Yangzi supplies Yizheng 
with raw materials including, 
PTA, PX and MEG, whose 
costs are mainly influenced 
by world prices. Miss Conroy 
said. 

She said that while the new 
company would likely report 
directly to the cabinet it 
would be overseen by Sino- 
pec, China’s biggest petro- 
chemicals group, which owns 
Jinling and Yangzi. 

The new company will 
have 100,000 employees and 
generate revenue of up to 35 
billion yuan ($4.2 billion). 


run industries outweighed 
concern that a recent surge in 
interest rates might hurt title 
territory’s economy, 

Bloomberg News reported. 

The benchmark Hang Seng 
index rose 378.41 points, or 
2.4 percent, to 15,855.67. 

Separately, Hong Kong 
fended off an attack on its cur- 
rency by allowing interest 
rales to foil, following a sharp 
increase Tuesday, highlight- 
ing the central bank’s deter- 
mination to maintain a polit- 
ically symbolic link ro the U.S. 
dollar. 

Hong Kong’s three-month 
interbank lending rate slid to 
as low as 7.0 percent from 9 J 
percent. Overnight rates 
dropped to 5.5 percent from 
7.75 percent. And the cur- 
rency^ one-year forward 
rate, a gauge of investor ex- 
pectations 12 months from 
now, fell to 7.84 percent from 
7.92 percent on Tuesday. 

Rates dropped and stocks 
rallied as investors concluded 
that the Hong Kong Monetary 
Authority had the political 
will and financial muscle to 
keep its currency from going 
the way of the Thai baht, Phil- 
ippine peso, the Malaysian 


the restructuring m Ej.Tr 7549 billion), W 1 *® P®* 0 * Maiaysian 

terprises," said Alex Conroy, inshem chief sec- ringgit and Indonesian rupi- 

ariSyst with ING Barings in ah, which have been allowed 


analyst 
Shanghai 

Chin a’s president ana 

Communist Party chief, Jiang 
Zemin, has been pushing for a 
br eakthro ugh in the reform or 
state enterprises to halt the 
steady flow of losses at in- 
efficient corporations. 

; Yizheng, the world s 

fomth-biggest polyester 
maker, said the government 
, approved a merger of its parent 
6 company, Yifaua Group Corp. 
* with Yangzi Petrochemical 
Corp., Jinling Petrochemical 


retary of the general man- 
ager’s office at Yangpri Pet- 
rochemical. He said the 
companies would try to cut 
workers — a delicate task in a 
country where the govern- 
ment is afraid increasing un- 
employment could trigger 
political instability. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 

■ Hong Kong Shares Up 
Hong Kong stocks rose as 
optimism over China s 
moves to shore up its state- 


ah, which have been allowed 
to slide against the dollar in 
the past two months. 

Hong Kong’s currency 
crisis "is looking like smoke 
without a fire,” said Herman 
Chu. senior trading manager 
at Anglo-Chinese Securities. 


All over Sweden, 
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In Sweden, fn addition to daily 
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PAGE 16 



















































































Trial 1 1 
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The Communicate. 



NOKIA 

□ 













Alex Corretja returning to 
Francisco Clavet in Brookline. 

Sri Lanka Wins Series 

cricket Sanath Jayasuriya took 
two wickets and scored 66 as Sri 
Lanka to a comfortable seven- 
wicket victory over India on 
Wednesday in a one-day interna- 
tional in Colombo. The victory 
gave Sri Lanka an unbeatable 2-0 
lead in the three match series. 

India batted first and made 238. 
Saura v Ganguly scored 1 1 3, his first 
century in one day internationals. 
Jayasuriya blasted 66 off 56 balls as 
Sri Lanka coasted past India's total 
with eight overs to spare, t Reuters) 


PACE 18 


World Roundup 


2d Gold for Ireland 

swimming Michelle de Bruin, 
the triple Olympic champion, won 
her second European title in two 
days, forging through on the final 
length to a narrow victory in die 
women's 200 meters freestyle. 

De Bruin, who won three golds at 
the 1996 Atlanta Games under her 
maiden name of Smith, only just 
qualified for the final but then won 
with a personal best time. 

De Bruin was given a warning on 
Wednesday after Failing to attend a 
mandatory news conference follow- 
ing her victory in Tuesday’s 400 
meters individual medley Y Reuters ) 

Sampras Faces Qualifiers 

tennis Pete Sampras, seeking 
his fifth U.S. Open crown and third 
in a row. will face qualifiers in both 
the first and s-econd rounds of the 
men’s singles following Wednes- 
day’s draw. Sampras and Martina 
Hingis are the No. I seeds for the 
menu’s and women's singles. Unlike 
last year, the seeding committee 
followed the computer rankings for 
alt the seedings. The tournament 
begins Monday. 

• Boris Becker, the No. 13 seed, 
pulled out of the U.S. Open, citing 
the death this week of his manager as 
the reason. It was expected to be the 
last Grand Slam event for Becker, 
who won the tournament in 1990. 

Becker's manager and close 
friend, the Munich lawyer Axel 
Meyer- Woclden. died Monday of 
liver cancer at 56. •AP. Reuters t 

Kafelnikov Happy to Lose 

tennis Yevgeni Kafelnikov 
said he w as exhausted after seven 
straight tournaments. Amaud 
Boetsch made sure the Russian will 
have plenty of time to rest for next 
week's U.S. Open. 

"This could be blessing in dis- 
guise.” said Kafelnikov, who lost. 6- 
4. 7-6 iN-fti. to Bueisch on Tuesday 
night in the first round of the Hamlet 
Cup in Commack. New York. “I 
need the five days of rest." 

• Jeff Tarango beat fellow 
American Alex O'Brien. 6-2. 6-7 
1 3-7 j. 6-3. in the opening round of 
the MFS Pro Championships in 
Brookline. Massachusetts. Alex 
Corretja, the No. I seed, beat fellow 
Spaniard Fancisco Clavet. 

• Brenda Schultz-McCarthv, the 

No. 6 seecf'from the Netherlahds, 
beat Patricia Hy-Boulais of 
Canada. 7-6 17-0). 7-6 19-7). in the 
first round of the U.S. Women’s 
Hardcnurt Championships in Stone 
Mountain. Georgia. i.APi 


Sports 



P-.KI /Hr..— « 

Julian Johnsson of the Faroe Islands, left, beating Czech striker Karel Poborsky to the ball Wednesday in TepGce. 

Late Goal Gives Ukraine Victory 


The .Xisii uretl Press 

Serhiy Rebrov kept Ukraine atop 
European qualifying Group 9 and 
strengthened its chances for a World 
Cup berth Wednesday when he scored 
five minutes from the end in a tense 1-0 
victory' over Albania in Kiev. 

Ukraine had attacked for the most of 
the match but created few scoring 
chances against Albania, bottom of the 
group. Andriy Shevchenko, Ukraine's 
star striker, seemed to lack pep two days 
after playing on an all-star team against 
the Russian in Moscow. He missed an 
open goal in the 44th minute. 

In the 85th minute, Rebrov maneu- 
vered past defender Alpin Gallo and 
beat goalkeeper Foto Strakosha. 

FinJand o, Norway 4 Midfielders Stale 
Solbakken and Petter Rudi scored early 
goals and Jostein Flo struck early in the 
second half as Norway won easily in 
Helsinki in a European group 3. 

Tore Andre Flo scored the last goal in 


the closing minutes. The first three goals 
were scored by the only home-based 
players in the Norwegian starling II 
loaded with English Premier League 
players. The victory left Norway six 
points clear of Hungary. 

Hungary 1, Switzerland 1 Stephane 
Chapuisat equalized in the 90th minute 
for Switzerland in Bud- 

WoridCop Soccer 

apesL LaszJo Klausz 53 scored Hun- 
gary's goal in the 53d minute. 

Cz*ch R« public 2, Faro* Islands 0 A 

narrow victory over the Faroe Islands in 
a meaningless Group 6 qualifier in Tep- 
lice did little to restore the Czech Re- 
public's dented soccer pride. 

The Czechs, who lost in the final of 
Euro 96 cannot qualify for the World 
Cup finals in France next year any more 
than the Faroes can. 

Pavel Kuka and defender Lubos 


Cowboys ‘Break Camp,’ and Apologize 

Rowdyism Ends NFL Team’s Training Season on Austin Campus 


Tisr Arr-icuiied Press 

When the Dallas Cowboys broke 
camp, they took the words literally. 

The team's dorm at Sl. Edward's 
University in Austin. Texas, was 
trashed last week on the final night of 


training camp, including the destruction 
of surveillance cameras that the team 
had installed, school officials said. 

The Cowboys apologized immedi- 
ately and vowed to pay for any repairs, 
said John Lucas, vice' president for stu- 
dent affairs at the Austin school. 

"What we normally see is what you 
see on a college campus when a group of 
students exit,'* Lucas said. “This year, 
we saw more damage. The cameras 
were forcibly taken out. There was wa- 
ter, pretty heavily soaked into the car- 
pet, and in one area of the halt there was 
an obvious stench of urine.” 

Rich Dalrymple, a Cowboys spokes- 
man, said he didn't know anything about 
the extent of the damage other than 
‘‘some ceiling panels in need of re- 
pair.” 

Redskins Michael Westbrook, a 
Washington receiver, attacked team- 
mate Stephen Davis on the field, punch- 
ing the running back several times and 
leaving him face down and bleeding. 

Westbrook, ordered off the field by 
Norv Turner, the Washington coach, 
left Redskin Park without commenting. 


Davis was not available for comment, 
and trainer Bubba Tver refused to dis- 
cuss Davis's injuries’ 

Before the incident, Westbrook, Dav- 
is, Cris Dishman and Brian Mitchell 
were standing together on the sideline 
engaged in what appeared to be light- 
hearted conversation. Westbrook, 6- 
foot-3 and 220 pounds, then hit Davis 
(&-0, 234) in the face; Davis fell to the 
ground, with Westbrook punching him 
several times in the back of the head. 

It was unclear what prompted the 
incident As Davis lay on the ground, 
Dishman walked up to Westbrook and 
said: "That was wrong, man.” 

Packers Authorities said Green Bay 
defensive tackle Gilbert Brown was ar- 
rested for pushing his girlfriend over a 
couch during an argument 
The 350-pound lineman was taken 
into custody late Monday for disorderly 
conduct as a domestic violence offense, 
although his girlfriend said she didn’t 
want to press charges, a Brown County 
sheriffs officer, Ken Bougie, said. 
Brown spent five minutes in the Brown 
County Jail before posting $150 bond. 

The Brown County District Attor- 
ney's Office said it planned to review 
the case and that Brown would be 
summoned next week after the staff 
person handling the case returns from 
vacation. 

49«n Twins Sam and Sean Manuel 
were separated by San Francisco’s 
cuts. 


Sam Manuel, a linebacker, was 
among 1 2 players released by the team. 
Sean Manuel, a tight end. survived to 
continue his battle with Chad Fann for a 
final backup spot behind Brem Jones 
and Greg Clark. 

The 49ers drafted the twins, who 
played at New Mexico State, in the 
seventh round of the 1996 draft. Sean 
Manuel appeared in 1 1 games last sea- 
son, while Sam Manuel spent the year 
on the practice squad. 

Jaguars Randy Jordan became the 
last of Jacksonville’s original players to 
get cut when the Jaguars trimmed their 
roster to 60 players. 

‘‘To watch the team grow from the 
baby Jaguars to the giant Jaguars is 
phenomenal.” the running back said, 
fighting back tears. "But to realize that 
tomorrow I’m not going to be heading 
over here ... it's tough." 

Of the original 10 players the Jaguars 
signed on Dec. 1 5, 1994, only offensive 
lineman Greg Huntington remains with 
the team, but he has been cut and re- 
signed three times. 

vadngs The NFL suspended Min- 
nesota rookie linebacker Artie Ulmer 
after he tested positive for steroid use. 

Ulmer, a seventh-round draft pick 
from Valdosta State, failed the NFL’s 
random training camp drug testing, and 
admitted he used the substance shortly 
before camp began July 15. He will be 
eligible to return after the first four 
regular-season games. 




THURSDAY, AUGUST 2L, J.997 


Rome’s Olympic Did| 
More 6 Yea’ Than 6 No’ 

Some Cracks in the United Fronts 

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By Vera Haller 

Washington Post Service 

R OME — Ever since ancient 
times, when chariots raced 
around the Circus Maximus and 
gladiators battled in the Coliseum, 
Rome hay had a tradition of games as 




Kozel scored the Czech goals 

Estonia 0, Austria 3 Anton Polster 
scored three times in the second half to 
give Austria victory in T allinn in Group 
4. Polster scored directly from a free 
kick, pounced on a defensive error to 
fire the second and headed home the 
third. To keep Austria on the heels of 
group leader Scotland. 

Bulgaria 1. Iiraol 0 In Sofia. Lv- 
uboslav Penev scored after 68 minutes 
to give Bulgaria victory over Israel in 
Group 5. A minute after Penev's goal 
Bulgaria’s Anatoli Xakov was sent off 
and a minute from the end Alon Kazan 
of Israel also received a red card. 

Iceland 4, Liechtenstein 0 Iceland 
gained a comfortable victory over 
Liechtenstein in Group 8. 

Iceland had drawn three and lost three 
of its previous six group matches. 
Liechtenstein is bottom of group, has 
lost all eight of its games and conceded 
40 goals. <AP. Reuters) 


preaches, the diy again wants to — 
center stage in the international sports 
arena as host of the 2004 Summer 
Olympics. 

Ana i»ir* the emperors of ancient 
Rome who provided “bread and cir- 
cuses” to keep their subjects happy. 
Rome’s modern political class has 
thrown its weight behind the bid, with 
Mayor Francesco Ruteili acting as head 
cheerleader and the Italian prime min- 
ister, Romano ProdL, pledging tiie gov- 
ernment's financial backing. But the 
biggest backer of Rome’s effort to land 
its first Olympics since 1960 is not a 
politician in the conventional sense. 

Prime Nebiolo, the head of track and 
field's international governing body, 
also is the honorary president of Rome's 
bid committee and one of the most in- 
fluential members of the International 
Olympic Committee. His voice will be a 
strong one when the 1 1 1 -member In- 
ternational Olympic Committee meets 
next month in Lausanne, Switzerland, to 
decide the site for the 2004 Games. 

There are, however, cracks in what 
promoters would like to portray as a 
unified front behind Rome's candid- 
acy. 

An influential group of environment- 
alists and intellectuals formed a “no” 
committee to convince IOC members 
thar awarding the Olympics to Rome 
would be a bid idea. The “no” com- 
mittee cites traffic problems, smog and a 
history of overspending on public works 
projects, such as those undertaken when 
Italy hosted the World Cup soccer 
championship in 1990. 

Its members also argue that the city 
should be spared another major event 
tike the Olympics just four years after 
the Roman'Catbotic Church celebrates 
the jubilee year of 2000. when an es- 
timated 30 million pilgrims are expec- 
ted to visit Rome to mark 2,000 years of 
Christianity. 

Rome's bid committee has put to- 
gether a comprehensive plan that looks 
good on paper and helped it make the cut 
of five finalists. 

"It is our ODinion that Rome is one of 
the favorites,'’ said Raffaele Ranucci, 
director-general of the Roma 2004 com- 
mittee. 

He said he believes Athens and 
Stockholm are also strong contenders 
because he senses the feeling among 
Olympic officials that the Games should 
return to Europe after the 2000 
Olympics in Sydney. The other two 
cities competing for the 2004 games are 
Buenos Aires and Cape Town. 

“It's certainly clear Italy has a good 
record of hosting and organizing major 
events,” said Dick Pound, an IOC 
member from Canada. “In that sense, 
they don’t have to surmount the hurdle 
that Athens does, demonstrating if it 


gets the Games, it can do a.\ - 

Organizers say another stre ngth jpf 
Rome's bid is Us facilities. Of the.38 
sports venues required, only eight need 
to be bailt and four remodeled. Tbfcy 
argue that the jubilee celebration wori$ 
in their favor because ranch of the citySc 
infrastructure will have been: improved 
for that event, including con«niction*of 






would be extended to connect all the 
Olympic venues. 

According to Rome’s plaiv tfct 
Games would be staged HLthree'iuain 
sites that ring the city to the north, where 
the city's 1960 Olympic Stadium 
stands, and south. . 

Most construction would take place 
at the east area, where organizers panto 
erect an Olympic village to house 
letes and officials. A media village, ies* : 
taurants, shops, 1,500 telephone booth* 
parking lots, gardens and facilities -for 
leisure activities are also on the drawing 
board. In addition, another sw immin g k. 
center for diving and synchronized* 
sw imming events, a baseball stadioto 
and other venues for volleyball, fencing 
and boxing events would be built at the 
site. 

After the Olympics^ promoters say 
the village wouJdbe used as drami tones 
for Roane’s universities. -.*5 

■ According to -the bid committeei^ 
aancing for the construction, cstimajpi 
at about $1 billion, would be guaranty 
by tiie Italian government. :~2 . 

The only event in Rome’s c eiifcx.. 
would be the equestrian competition*^ ,• 
the city's Villa Borghese pant. The®; 
eganr hotels of the city's nearby W 
veneto would be reserved Lor J09C 
members, sponsors and their familie$* 
“It is our strategy that the games^ 
held in these three areas away from in! 
cento- so that everything is not <» 
centra ted in the city,” Ranncci sdm 
“This way the center can breathe.”.^ 

In a city infamous for its congested 
traffic, transportation is a signified 
hurdle. To andress the problem, orga$r .- ; 
izers say one. lane of the city’s duxwF 
icaliy choked ring road wotildbeTjc*- ~ 
voted exclusively to Olympic traffics^ - 
Members of the “no" committeeSrc 
skeptical of organizers' claims thatrfi 
rakes only 23 minutes to reach thecenfef 
of town from Rome's main Leonarddtk 
Vinci Airport. : - t 

They also say estimates of travel tinje 
on the ringroad between sporting ven- 
ues is vastly understated. . 

“It would be a nightmare for tire 
public,” said Carlo Ripa di Meaha^ l 
founder of the “no" committee who4$ 
the former leader of Italy’s Greens party 
and a member of the European Pair ' 
liamenL 

He also questioned whether new con- 
struction planned for the Olympics 
would make Rome a better place .for 
Romans. ’ j** 

"All those new sports stadiums wflj 
remain after the games and become like 
cathedrals in the desert," he said. 

“The important thing is that we haVe 
shown the world the seriousness abif . 


professionalism of Rome’s candidacy;**/’ 
Ranucci said. ■« r 




Tough Start for Games on Sicily 


The Associated Press 

CATANIA, Sicily — Officials 
scrambled to smooth over organization- 
al problems as the 19th edition of the 
World University Games, the first held 
in more than one city, got underway. 

The games, seen’ as one last litmus 
rest of Italy's ability to handle big sport- 
ing events, run through Aug. 31 — five 
days before the International Olympic 
Committee selects a host for the 2004 
Olympics. Rome is one of five finalists 
in that vote. 

“Let’s hope that success here brings 
to Italy the First Summer Olympics of 
the new millennium, ’ ’ said Giorgio Na- 
politano, the Italian interior minister, at 
the opening ceremonies Tuesday at Fa- 
vorite Stadium in Palermo. 

Overwhelmed by the record number 
of participants, which is expected to 


reach 6,000, organizers have struggled 
to find adequate housing space. Origifial 
plans for the 500 billion lire ($275 mil- 
lion) budget called for construction^ 
an Olympics-style athletes village, bht 
that was never done. - ^ 

“We are coping with the problems 
put in front of us and trying, in co- 
operation with the local committee, jo 
face them,” said Roch Campana, the 
secretaiy-general of the International 
University Sports Federation. ’ 

Campana said organizers are trying to* 
free hundreds of beds for competitor^, 
and might be forced to increase the 
number of people in some rooms 
already occupied. 

A lack of translators and commu- 
nications breakdowns between the nu- 
merous sites are among other diffi- 
culties confronting officials. 




Scoreboard 


Major League Stampings 

AMUWCAH LNAOHUS 

EAST DIV2SIOM 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Battunare 

78 

44 

439 



New York 

73 

50 

593 

5V> 

Boston 

62 

43 

Jttb 

17W 

Toronto 

M 

64 

Mi 

19 

Detroit 

58 

66 

MS 

21 


CENTRAL DIVISION 



Cleveland 

ftS 

57 

533 



Milwaukee 

61 

63 

M3 

5 

CWcngo 

ft! 

64 

M 

S» 

Kansas Cty 

52 

70 

■426 

13 

MirmesolD 

51 

73 

At! 

15 


WEST DIVISION 



Anaheim 

69 

5ft 

5S3 

— 

Seattle 

49 

5ft 

£52 



Tews 

fiO 

ftft 

A76 

V.H 

Oakland 

50 

75 

JOO 

19 

tUOtOHAI, lUAOt 



EAffTDmSUN 




w 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Atlanta 

77 

49 

AM 

— 

Florida 

72 

52 

£81 

4 

New York 

47 

57 

£40 

9 

Montreal 

61 

62 

.496 

14'* 

Phftodelphia 

45 

77 

£69 

30 


CENTRAL DHtSION 



Houston 

66 

59 

£28 

— 

Pittsburgh 

42 

63 

A96 

4 

St. Louis 

57 

£7 

.460 

8S 

Cincinnati 

55 

68 

-447 

10 

Chicago 

50 

7ft 

£97 

?6'4 


west Division 



San Francisco 71 

56 

£59 

— 

Los Angeles 

48 

57 

£44 

2 

Cotorodo 

60 

65 

480 

10 

Son Dtego 

60 

65 

M0 

10 

TUESDAY’S U MISCODES 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 




Toronto M2 000 no — 6 9 l 

Chlcngo 100 012 001 -S 13 2 

Corptfiter. Crabtree (7). Ptewc (7], 
Ouanlriil (71. Escobar to) and OBnen: 


Fordhanv J. Do win {51, N. Cruz (7), T. 
CastfUo f7) and Fabreqas. W— Carpenter 1 -5. 
L— N. Cruz 0-1. Sv— Escobar (9). 

Second Game 

Taranto DOS 101 100-3 7 0 

Chtcaga 310 001 88x— 5 9 0 

Anduiar, Janren (7) and B. Saratoga? Ben, 
C CosHUo (ft). McEJroy (8), Karthner (8) and 
KaAmica. Fobregas (9). W— Owe 1-0. 
L— Anduiar 0-6. Sv— Karchner (7). 

Baltimore 026 013 000—12 IS 0 

Kansas Cty 202 300 020—9 12 1 

KamimriecM. TeJMuttiows (4), A. Benito 
IB) and Webstea BekWT. J.Wafcer («, 
Carrasco (8), WhJsenonr (9) and 

MLSwasnev. W— TeJWothews 3-2. 
L-fletoher 11-12. HRs— Bomrnora. R. 
Patmetia CM), Webster (5). 

Second Game 

BaMmo ro 000 000 002—2 7 O 

Kansas Cty 012 140 01*— 4 13 a 

Yon Rhodes (5). Mins (7} and Hofles; 
Bones and Madartane. W— Banes 3-4. 
L— Von 0-1. HRs— Baltimore. Reboutat (4). 
Kansas Cty, C. Davis 2 (23). 

Minnesota 000 020 BOO— 2 9 0 

Detrait 302 020 10*— 8 9 1 

Hcwfctos, TraJWBer Ml, Ritchie MJ. 
Robertson (81 and OMiUen Biair and 
Casanova. W— Blair. 13-5. L — Hawtdns. 4-8. 
HRs— Minnesota. D. MBer (1). Detroit 
Fiyimi (18), T&Clarlc (28), Hameiin (151. 
MBwtaKM Ml 310 MO— S 11 2 

T0*as 2M 000 000—2 7 0 

JMaiCBdas, Vlllone (ft), Davis (9) and 
Muthany; Santana. Heredia (41. BaHes (8) 
and I. Rodriguez. W — J. Mercedes 5-7. 
L— Santana 3-5. HRs— Mflwaukee, Vina (2), 
Js.Volentin (14). Texas. I. Rodriguez (13). 
Ciavehmd 100 040 011-7 8 0 

Seattle «H ' 020 012-5 10 0 

SmRey, Shuey (8). Mesa OT and S. Alomar 
Claude, Ayala (5), Chariton (9) and 
Da. Wilson. W-Smitey 2-2. L-CJoude 1-2. 
Sv— Mesa (7). HRs — Cleveland. Ramirez 
(21), Jusfiw (25). Ma-WlEaira (27)- Seatte 
A. Rodriguez (18), R. Davfs 2 (19). 

New York ttl 088 000-4 7 0 

Anaheim 722 010 00»-ll 13 0 


D.WeUs. Lloyd (ft). Boggs (8) and Gfrardl 
Posada (ft); CfTnley. Dickson (3) and 
Td. Greene. W— Dickson 12-5. L-D. Waite 
14-6. HRs— Anaheim. Salmon (23). 
Td. Greene (9). 

NXnOHAL LEAGUE 

Chicago Big ooo ooo— 1 4 0 

Florida 000 0 ft 2 00 *— « 5 • 

Je-GorHotez. R. Tafts (5), BaRwifMd U). 
Batista (8) and Servo lx AFemantfeZ and C 
Johnson. W — A. Fernandez, 16-8. 

L— Je^onztfez. 9-6. HRs— Chteoga, Sow 
(27). Florida Bento (15). 
ter Diego ON 2M 010-3 7 1 

Pittsburgh 100 103 Ota— 5 7 ■ 

P-Smftto Cunnarw (ft), D. Veras (7) and 
Flaherty; Ueber, Rincon (B), M. Wilkins (8), 
La Iseile to) and Oslk. W— (Jebec B-12. L— P. 
Smith, 4-4, Sv— Laiseffle Ql). 

HR — Pittsburgh Womack (ft). 

SL Loots 088 010 210-12 1ft 2 

Montreal 000 010 040-S 8 0 

StoHlemyi* Frascatora {«. BeHran (8) and 
Difencer CPerez. M.Vbldes (23, Buttlnger (6), 
Paniagua tBX Urbina to) and MAer. 
W— Stafflemyna, 12-8. L— C Pena, 11-9. 
HRs— St. Louis. Lankford (25). Gaettr (13). 
Las Angeles ON 020 030-4 9 0 

Hen York BN 020 000—2 9 0 

L Valdes, Radinsky (BJ. Hall (81, To.WbneO 
(9) and Piazza Bohanan, Rojas (8), 
McMkhael to) and Hundley. W-t. Valdes. 
8-«L L— Bohnnon, 1-2- Sv— ' Ta.Worre« DO). 
HR— Los Angetes, Karras QS1. 

San Ftoictsca 020 DS1 010-9 12 0 

PbrtadetpWa 001 120 100-3 9 1 

Estes, Tovarez (7), R- Hernandez (H). Beck 
W) and a Johnson; M Leries R. Harris (6). 
Karo (6), Games (7). SprwtSn (9) and 
UrtermoL W-1&*. )W. L-M. Lriter.8- 
13. HR— Sat FnmtiSca M.Lmris (HD. 
A»«n 200 802 000-4 11 1 

Houston OH 001 no-3 8 1 

Smote Wohlers to) and J. Lopez.' 
Hampton, Magnante (8), Hudefc (9) and 
Austmn. W— Smoltz. 13-ia L-Hampton. 
10-8. Sv— Wohlers (30). HRs — Atknta. 
Btauser (IS). Houstaa Do. Ben HO). 

Coterado HI 200 020—9 10 0 


GndnaH 208 m OOx— ft ^ o 

Jm-Wrigrit, Leskaidc (ft), Hutton (B), S. 
Reed (8) and Je.Reed; Malgan, P. 
AJMartinez (ft), Suflivan (ft). Belinda (8J. 
Show (8) and JUttver. W— Morgan. 5-10. 
L—Jm. Wright 6-9. Sv— Shaw (25). 
HRs— Cotorodo. Burks (22). Qndnnati. 
NunmAir W. W. Greene (18). 

Japanese Leagues 



W 

L 

T 

Pet. 

GB 

Yatarit 

59 

40 

2 

£96 



Yokohama 

53 

43 

— 

553 

4£ 

Hiroshima 

51 

47 

— 

£20 

7£ 

ChunfcW 

47 

55 

1 

Ml 

13£ 

Hcmshtn 

44 

£5 

1 

444 

15JD 

Yomiurt 

43 

57 

— 

£30 

16£ 


Mancuuutai 




w 

L 

T 

Pet. 

GB 

Orh 

53 

39 

3 

£76 



Sethi 

S3 

44 

2 

£46 

2£ 

Nippon Ham 50 

51 

1 

£95 

7£ 

Dtriel 

49 

52 

— 

£85 

8£ 

Kkrietsu 

46 

54 

2 

£60 

11.0 

Lotte 

41 

52 

2 

£41 

12£ 

VirSDM ESSAY'S MSSUITS 



CENTRAL LEAGUE 



Yamhill 7. Hanshki 1 
Yokohama & Yakut! I 

Hiroshima 4 OiurfteN 2 

PACIFIC LEAGUE 
SeUm4.L0ttel 
Nippon Ham 7, Kintetsu 5 
Dale! 7, Orix 5 


taro mu> cm> ctUAUmivs 
EUROPEAN ZOIC 
CHOW THREE 
Norway ft Finland 0 
Hungary I, Switzerland 1 

GROUP FOUR 
Austria % Estonia 0 


group ms 

Bulgaria 1. Israel 0 

group sa 

Czech RcpuMc 2. Faroe Islands 0 
GROUP EIGHT 
Iceland 4. Liechtenstein o 

GROUP NINE 
Ukraine 1. Albania 0 

PHSUSOHnUEMM.T 
AC Milan 1 Juvenilis 1 

urmuonaiua nramvLV 
Yugoslavia 1. Russia 0 


(HUMUvswimu 
ao OME DAY mTSmUTtOHAL 
WESMESOAr, IN COUMBBO 

Intfio 238 all out in 49 J overs 
Sri Lanka 241<3 In 41.5 overs 
Sri Lanka del. India by 7 wickets. 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 

an AHEIM —Traded 3B George Arias to San 
Diego Pod res in c om p le te August 13 trade far 
OF RkJuey Henderson. 

Chicago —Recalled LHP Tam Fardham 
torn Na&hvflte AA and sent him bade to 
NashvHie after 1st game Tuesday. Activated 
RHP Jason Bene from 15-day disabled Bst 
Optioned LHP Mike Slratta to NastwBe. 

Detroit —Activated OF Melvin Nieves 
team 15-day disabled 091. 

Minnesota -PutSS PatMeareson iS-day 
dbabtodnstretroaclfvetoAug.il. Recafled 
3B Todd Wbfcer tom Sab Lata PCL- Signed 
SS Mfchnd Cuddyer. 

HEW YORK -tot RHP DavM Cene an IS- 
day {ftsabtod Bst ratroaettve to Aug. IS. Ac- 
tivated RHP Brian Boehrinoer From IS-day 
dteabted HsL 

TEXAS — Recalled RHP WRson Heredia 


from Oklahoma CBy, AA. Designated RHP 
Tanyan Sturtze tor assignment. Bought con- 
tracts ot C Frank Charles. OF Doug ONeill 
and OF Brian Blair ham Tulsa TL and INF 
Ryan Goreckl from Chartalte. FSL and op- 
tioned players back to their respective 
teams. 

NtmOHAL LEAGUE 

LOS ahoeles— T raded RHP Pedro Asfodo 
to Colorado Rockies tor 2B Eric Young. Put 
OF Todd HoOandsworiti an IS-day disabled 
Rsf. Recalled FNF Juan Castro from Albu- 
querque) PCL 

prrrseuncN -Bought contract of LHP Jeff 
Wofccn from Cara ten, SL. Designated RHP 
Paul Wagner tar assignment 


national basketball association 

charlotte -Signed G Bobby PhUb to 7- 
year contract. Waived G Ricky Pierce. Re- 
nounced rights to F Mdik Rase. 

Vancouver -Agreed to terms win G An- 
tonio Daniels. 

MOTUU 

NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEA OOE 

"Fi— Announced owners approved Paul 
ARetrs purchase ot Seattle Seahawfcs. Sus- 
pended Minnesota Vikings LB Artie Ubner 
tore regular-season games. 

Arizona —Put DT Jerry Drake. OT Eric 
Jonassen and CB Doll McGee an infined 
rwerve. Waived OB Chad May, WR Stevie 
Anderson. WR Kevin Jordan, PK Saitl Bent- 
ley, FB Ryon Ciutslophereen. CB Anthony 
Cobbs. P Malt Peytorv OL Aden DeGrafien- 
reld. OL Lance Scott, LB Jarrett Irons. LB 
MarceilusMastalla LB Rory WHtork. S Kevto 
-tocksoa DT Lamar Mills, DT Ben Wltttams. 
DE Ronde Woottorfe DE Brent Bumstrin 
and DE Darrins Felder. 

Baltimore —Waived WR Robert Hon and 
DT Robert Walker. Claimed G Jerome 
Dmftels off waivera ham Miami Dolphins. 

BUFFAW-Wahred OB Jim Bottom andWR 
Chris Bitkffley. 

Carolina -Waived DE Ray Agnew. 
Ctotowd NT WBHam Carr off waivers ham 

Cincinnati Bengab. 

Chicago —Waived OB Marti Butterflem T 


Tata Jefferson DT Mike Mtano and FB 
Shawn Washington. Reached an tntory set- 
Itemenl with CB Dwayne Joseph. 

Dallas -Waived G Shane Hannah. 
Reached injury settlements with WR Keith 
Jackson and WR Omar Kxnn. 

DENVER -waived DB Jamal EBs. Put OL 
Matt Lepsts on Mured reserve. 

GREEN BAY -Waived G Undsoy Knapp, G 
Gary Brawn OT Marais Spears. FB Emory 
Smith and DE Tony Daniels and DE Walter 
Scott. Put LB Anthony Hides on inlured re- 
serve. 

JACKSONVILLE -Waived RB Randy Jor- 
dan RB David Thompson WR Chad Askew, 
WR Jama Kidd, WR Kendrick BuBard. LB 
Jamie Baistey. lB Dana Coffrefl, LB Jon 
Heae, CB Ricky Bea TE Isaac Curlte. S John 

Fisher. OB Lance Fundertrorfe. OL Chris OB- 
mrems. P Pat ONeOL S Darren StudsSIL LB 
Al Wallace and DE Jose White. 

Kansas -Waived RB J J. Smith, QB Steve 
Matthew* DT David Barnard. S Eddie Cadn 
T Wendall Gaines, WR Eric Smith, LB James 
Burgess, DE BrynnDeOnffenre*t RB Jesse 
Haynes, nnd DT BH»» Lyon. 

OWLAND-Woived LB^ Monty Brown 
v»R Mason Graftont WR Ray Luca* OL Cur- 
ris McGee. OL Juan Porter, DL Josh Taves, 

Pn Therene McOueen 

h? LB Jamas WHIkuns. 

LB Chris wing, DB Jason Porter and DB 
Awn Jackson. 

WR BtodcwelL 

and 0 Atmte Sumner, 
tot S TypaS McMullen on Infund reserve. 

Oakland -Waived WR Kenyon 
Branscomb. RB Dortch darts, WR obaeftan 
Oroper. OB Jason Doris, RB Ricky Eivtiu, 
SL’SS* WR Kenny Grace! &T 

i^2!^L L ' ror «- DT Gabriel 

SSSStTCy* 1 * ?°* ensael DE sho »0rty 

M TolW Sluder, 
LB AaranWaHace and G Joey Wyfle. An- 

DeVrita DE John Duff. SURSiS 


White Morema dt Michael Samson and 
WR Freddie Solomon. Pul T Richard Cower 
CB Fredric Fort and RB Corey Walker ori 

iniured reserve. 

. Pittsburgh -Put wr Jahine Arnold an 
RB Bobt '^ PHIlips. 

“ Bonwl M8es ' DL Justhi 
ChabaL OL Eroenwn Martin OL MottStonn 
LA Gerald FDanft LB Andy Jacobs, LB 
Patrick Saril LB Ryan McCoy, DL Corev 
Mayfield. WR O ronde Gadsden TE ELI 
Keamey. F David McCann.' 

DB Kdk Pointer, DB Cedric Samuel andiclp. • 
Sean Reatl. ' 

ct. L0UK -Put C Ryan Tucker on , 

Darirteril DL Tyrone WBltams. DL Tmv 

Brett Wallenledi and DT Ctatk 

r, D .'“° ~WW*«d WR Andre Cokmi™ 

Put CB Johnny Thomas and T Pulu Poumeto 

Ssaaa«w!St 

sst'wsnSrS 

Ftore wt Inlured reserve. , Dw ? 

stettement wttti DEAta^ Yo^^ lnwr > 

seattu: -waived RB I 

TENNESSEE -Waived IB 
RB James Allen FBRodney^ld 
Cote QB Aaron Gilbert, TlTjimu' CB L ® 

WR Isaiah Mustafa, E Jtm Moore and 

Hamttton^re D^JJdlT»ow«Mi 

Pow« DE Don I J 7 

ond DE R-Kal TrSu^* WR Chrts TttOmos 

HOCKIY 

l«anS , ^S^'-eao ue 

SS&SRKSSSA 
















PAGES 



- . «••«>•< i r 


uru t i ii«QlUI 


* L'llK L'bXU^ 


^rnTruattt 4i_lMZ 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 


j**! 


Mangers Rookie Finds Father 


* ■ *\ 




By Murray Chass 

New York Times Service 


••w.. 



1 *V 


F ERNANDO Tatis was taking 
early batting practice when Omar 

“"Sk a J?? as Ran e ers official. 
Ic £ nim off the Geld and into a room off 
tbe team’s clubhouse at The Ballpark in 
Arlington, Texas. 

“We found your father,” Minaya 
told him. J 

‘•Don’t play games with me,” a dis- 
believing Tatis said, excitedly jumping 
up from his chair nevertheless. 

Minaya, who signed Tatis in the 
Dominican Republic five years ago next 
Monday, assured the 22-year-old rookie, 
mind baseman it was no game. 

^”He kept saying, ‘You’re lying,’” 
Minaya related by telephone from Ar- 
lington. ‘T said, ‘No. I’m not He’s 
waiting for your phone call.’ ” 

-"The father, also named Fernando — 
Whom Tatis had not seen or talked to 
Since the father left the Dominican Re- 
public when his son was not yet 4 years 
old — was in Sarasota, Florida, at his 
brother-in-law's house, where he had 
•gone to construct a dry well. 

" * ‘It just feels great,' ’ the son said after 
speaking to his father for a little more 
than half an hour. 

"-“I feci happy, very happy. I can’t 
bfclieve it. When I talked to him, I didn't 
bfelieve 1 was talking to my father. He 
•ftdd me a lot of things to make me 
jgfnember some things my mother told 
me, so I believed it. I feel so emo- 
tional.” 

Tatis had searched in vain for his 
' .'father since he began playing ininor- 
„j ■- “league baseball in the United States in 

j994. 

* --Then, at Minaya’s suggestion, he told 
his story to a reporter last Saturday at 



Yankee Stadium, and the article that 
appeared in the International Herald 
Tnbune on Tuesday was carried in The 
Sarasota Herald-Tribune on the same 
day. 

Doug Samuel, the brother of the fa- 
ther’s wife, who is not Tatis's mother, 
read the article and called The Sarasota 
Herald-Tribune, telling Scott Peterson 
the executive sports editor, that Tatis 
would be at his house at 4 o’clock. 

Peterson then set in motion the string 
of telephone calls that led to the ultimate 
call shortly before -5 P.M. Texas time. 

As Minaya. who had spoken with 
Tatis’s father not long before, started to 
dial Samuel’s number, Tatis stopped 
him. 

“Tell me about him first,’ ' Tatis said. 
“Tell me what you guys talked 
about.” 

Minaya, the Rangers ’ director of pro- 
fessional and international scouting, 
told him that his father was married (the 
wife is related to Hank Aaron ), had two 
young sons and was aware that Tatis 
was a major leaguer, having seen a 
Rangers game on television — the one 
in which Tatis hit his first major-league 
home run. 

Then Minaya completed the call. 
“He was still stunned,” Minaya said. 
”1 said, he wants to talk to you; do you 
want to talk to him? He said, ‘Of course 
I want to talk to him.' ” 

Recounting the conversation after he 
finished batting practice before the 
game with the Milwaukee Brewers, 
Tatis said: 

“He told me when he saw me in my 
second game in the big leagues in Chica- 
go, he told my little brother, ‘That’s your 
big brother right there.’ When I hit a 
home run, he started jumping all over the 
house. He felt really happy for me.” 


When Tatis was a baby, his father 
gave him a small bat and told him, 
“You’re going to be a player one day 
like me.” On Tuesday, die son told the 
father, “I guess your promise came 
true.” 

He asked his father how old be was 
and whether he was still strong and told 
him that when he played in Honda be 
searched for him, even putting an ad- 
vertisement in a newspaper. 

They did not discuss his father's long 
absence. Tatis said. 

The father, who played minor-league 
baseball in the Houston organization in 
the 1970s, left the Dominican Republic 
after finding his second wife, who was 
not Tatis's mother, with the man who 
had been his chauffeur. 

“As soon as they can, he's going to 
fly over here,” the son said. “When be 
comes over here, be said he’s going to 
explain to me why he never came back 
to the Dominican.” 

Minaya said Doug Melvin, the 
Rangers’ general manager, planned to 
arrange to have the father and his family 
fly to Texas. 

“I don’t even know what I'm going 
to ask,” the younger Tatis said. 

“I just want to listen to everything he 
says. I don't know what I'm going to ask 
him. I just want to talk to him. The 
emotion I feel won’t let me talk.” 

When it was suggested that his emo- 
tions might make it difficult for him to 
concentrate on the game he would play 
in less than an hour, he said, “I just want 
to try to do the best I can. My father said 
get a couple of hits for him.” 

After the game, Tatis said, be would 
call his mother. "I’m going to call all 
my family,” he said. 

“They’re going to be happy, too, 
especially my mother.” 



Virhari CaulfirliUTbr 1W 


Wade Boggs on the mound for the first time, throwing his knuckleball. 


Eric Young Hits Mets, Going and Coming 


The Associated Press 

The New York Mets are having a 
hard time escaping losses and Eric 
Young. 

Young, traded from Colorado to 
Los Angeles a day earlier, got three 
hits and stole a base, drove in a run 
and scored one Tuesday night as 
the Dodgers beat New York, 4-2. 

Young’s performance helped 
send the Mets to their fourth 
straight loss. They lost three in a 
row at Colorado over tbe weekend 
as Young went 3-for-8 with two 
runs in his final three games with 
the Rockies. 

Critics said Young couldn’t hit 
outside Coots Field, and Ms -219 
road average away from Denver’s 
thin air last year did nothing to 
dispel the notion. 

• However, hitting in New York 
the past two seasons hasn't been a 

S oblem for the second baseman. 

e’s batting .412 (21-for-51) in 
Shea Stadium since the start of the 
1996 season. 

“It's a good feeling to come in 
and contribute the first night,” 
Young said. “This Is a great be- 
ginning. It probably removed a lot 
of doubt, if there was any.” 

Eric Kanos hit a tiebreaking 
home run with two out in the eighth 
and Ismael Valdes (8-10) pitched 
seven strong innings. 

A two-run single by pitcher Bri- 
an Bobanon was all the Mets could 
manage in their eighth defeat in 1 1 


i’s Craie Biegio vaulting over Atlanta’s Danny games. . 

Sto during double-play action at the Astrodome. While D^era remained 
Ti ^MTRIaiiser’s two-rnn homer, two games behind San Francisco i 


the NL West, they moved past the 
Mets in the wild-card chase. Los 
Angeles is AVi games behind Flor- 
ida fix* tbe fourth playoff spot, 
while New York is now five back. 

Bnm 4, Astro* 3 At Houston, 
John Smoltz struck out a season- 
high 1 1 in eight innings and Jeff 
Blaus er hit a two-ran homer as 
Atlanta handed Mike Hampton his 
first loss since June 27. 

Mark Wohlers allowed the As- 
tros to put runners on second and 

Baskball Roundup 

third in the ninth before striking out 
Craig Biggio for his 30th save. 

Prato* 5, Padres 3 Keith Osik's 
two-ran, two-out double finished 
off Pittsburgh’s three-run sixth, 
and Jon Lieber won at home for the 
first time since June 30. 

Jose Guillen had a pair of run- 
scoring singles as the Pirates 
scored all but one of their five runs 
against San Diego starter Pete 
Smith with two out. 

Mariim 8. Cubs i In Miami, 
Bobby Bonilla followed two bases- 
loaded walks with a grand slam in 
the fifth, and Alex Fernandez 
pitched a four-hitter. 

Fernandez 06-8) walked one 
and struck out seven in his fifth 
complete game. He has won his last 
six starts and is 3-0 against the 
Cubs this season. 

Rads ft, Rockies s In Cincinnati, 
Jon Nunnally hit a tie-breaking 
homer and Willie Greene homered 
and drove in three runs for Cin- 


cinnati, wMch improved to 12-12 
under manager Jack McKeon by 
winning for the seventh time in 10 
games. 

Giants 9, Phillies 5 Shawn Estes 
( 1 6-4) beat the Phillies for the third 
time this season, and Bill Mueller 
Mt a bases-clearing triple as San 
Francisco won in Philadelphia. 

Estes allowed five runs and sev- 
en hits in six-plus innings. He im- 
proved to 8-0 in 1 0 starts following 
Giants losses. Mark Lewis added a 
two-run homer and San Francisco 
scored five runs in die fifth. 

Cardinals 12, Expos 5 Ray Lank- 
ford hit a three-run homer and 
scored twice in an eight-run second 
inning for St. Louis at MonireaL 

Gary Gaetti, celebrating his 39th 
birthday, hit a run-scoring single in 
the second and homered" for the 
Cardinals. 

In American League games: 

White Sox 5, Blue Jays 3; Blue 
Jays .6, white Sox 5 In Chicago, 
Jason Bere, making his first start 
since elbow surgery last Septem- 
ber, gave up four hits in 5 'A innings 
to give the White Sox a split of their 
doubleheader. 

In the opener, Carlos Delgado 
hit a tie-breaking single in the sev- 
enth as Toronto scorn] two runs on 
two CMcago errors. 

Bere gave up two runs, walked 
three and struck out three. He was 
pulled after giving up a single to 
Delgado with one out in the sixth 
and received a standing ovation. 

Chicago’s Frank Thomas, who 
missed Monday’s game because of 


a sore left elbow, went 5-for-7 in 
the doubleheader to raise his 
American League-leading average 
to .345. 

Orioles 12, Royals 9; Royals 9, 

Orioles 2 In Kansas City, Ricky 
Bones pitched a seven-hitter and 
rookie Jed Hansen drove in four 
runs as Kansas City split its double- 
header and ended Baltimore's 
four-game winning streak. 

In the opener, Lenny Webster’s 
three-run homer keyed a six-run 
third for the Orioles. 

In die second game. Bones gave 
up a single to Brady Anderson on 
the second pitch of the game. He 
retired 16 straight before Mike 
Bordick singled with one out in the 
sixth. 

The right-hander, obtained on 
June 26 for cash from Milwaukee, 
didn’t allow a walk. He took a 
shutout into the ninth before Jeff 
Reboulet’s two-ran homer. 

Tigers 8, Twins * Willie Blair 
won for the ninth time in 10 ap- 
pearances. and Bob Hamelin. 
Travis Fryman and Tony Clark hit 
two-run homers as Minnesota lost 
its 10th straight. 

Brewers 8, Rangers 2 In Arling- 
ton, Texas, Mark Loretta drove in a 
career-high four runs to lead Mil- 
waukee to its fourth win in five 
games. 

Indians 7, Mariners 5 David 
Justice hit his first grand slam in 
almost seven years and John Smi- 
ley allowed seven hits, one walk 
and struck out three in seven in- 
nings for Cleveland at Seattle. 


Boggs Gives 
Yanks Relief 
In Drubbing 

Taking the Mound, He 
Halts Rout by Angels 

New York Times Service 

ANAHEIM, California — David 
Wells covered his face with his glove, 
closed his eyes, then shook his head from 
side to side. It was only the second inning, 
but Wells wanted to shake the memories 
of the first 15 Angel batters out of his 
mind 

It was a performance to forget, but a 
fiasco that was impossible to forget It 
was a game that wells started far the 
Yankees but Wade Boggs finished. 

Wells strutted to the mound to act like 
an ace against Chuck Finley, the Ana- 
heim left-hander who had won 10 
straight games. But Wells was 
hammered in the first two innings while 
Finley nipped and sprained his wrist in 
the second inning and was replaced by 
Jason Dickson. 

A blizzard of hits and an avalanche of 
runs in the first two innings enabled the 
Angels to roll over Wells and coast to a 
1 2-4 victory . After the first seven batters 
reached base and six scored, the per- 
plexed pitcher stared at catcher Joe Gir- 
ardi with an expression that shouted, 
“Huh?” 

Wells was battered far 1 1 earned runs 
on homers by Tim Salmon and Todd 
Greene, three doubles and five singles in 
three horrible innings to obliterate his 
four-game winning streak. 

It was such a debacle that Joe Tone, 
the Yankees' manager, summoned 
Boggs to pitch in the eighth inning 
rather than waste a real reliever. Tossing 
knuckleballs, the future Hall of Fame 
third baseman retired three of the four 
batters he faced, including Salmon and 
Greene, whom he struck out. 

Boggs earned huge ovations from tbe 
Anaheim Stadium fans and timed his 
cap before entering the Yankee dugouL 
When the fans chanted, “Wade! Wade! 
Wade!” he emerged from the dugout 
for a curtain call and waved his cap to 
the crowd. 

Boggs, who threw 16 knuckleballs 
and one fastball that inched to the plate 
at74milesan hour (120 kph). said: “It’s 
something I’ve always wanted to do in 
my career and I never really had the 
opportunity.” 

■ Angels Ignored Drug Policy 

In suspending Tony Phillips on Mon- 
day after his arrest a week earlier on a 
charge of cocaine possession, the An- 
gels knowingly acted contrary to major 
league baseball’s drag policy, an An- 
gels official indicated Tuesday, accord- 
ing to The New York Times and the Los 
Angeles Times. 

The Angels, who are owned in part but 
operated for the most part by Walt Dis- 
ney Co., suspended Phillips indefinitely 
with pay, even though he was cleared to 
play last week by the two doctors who 
oversee baseball’s drug program. 

“The Disney Co. has higher standards 
for our employees,” said Bill Robertson, 
the Angels' director of communications. 

Asked if the Angels were aware that 
baseball’s drug policy called for no dis- 
ciplinary action if the doctors cleared a 
player to play, Mr. Robertson said: ’ ‘We 
understand that All we're asking is we 
want him to go into an inpatient drag 
treatment program.” 

The players union filed a grievance 
over the suspension. 



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PACE 20 


ART BUCHWALD 


Hot News on a Beach 



BuchwaJd 


M ARTHA'S VINE- 

YARD, Massachusetts 
— As anyone on vacation 
knows, die summer is not the 
best time to get interested in 
the news. A lassitude sets in, 
and nobody really wants to 
know what’s going on. 

We were sitting around the 
fire on the 
beach, roasting 
marshmallows, 
when Beau- 
camp said, 

“Did you see 
where Presi- 
dent Clinton 
used his line 
item veto the 
other day?” 

“For heaven’s sakes." 
sputtered Doggerel. “Not 
while we're eating marshmal- 
lows.'’ 

Then Roseclover said, 
"Guess what? Barbra Streis- 
and is not going to get married 
mi Block Island as originally 
predicted." Everybody sat 
up. Clara Moody said, “I 
wish she'd make up her mind. 

I only have my vacation cot- 
tage for another week. ” 
Beaucamp announced, 
“Helms is going to have a 
shoot-out with Senator Lugar 
because Jesse won’t table any 

Miro’s Grandson 
Finds a Picasso 

The Associated Press 

PALMA DE MAL- 
LORCA, Spain — A painting 
by Pablo Picasso has been dis- 
covered by the grandson of his 
friend, the artist Joan Miro, 
the Miro foundation said 
Wednesday. 

The bullfight scene was 
found by Joan Punyet Miro, 
who is cataloguing his grand- 
father’s belongings, between 
the pages of a large book. Ded- 
icated “To Miro, my eternal 
friend," it is dated 1963. 


hearings on Weld becoming 
ambassador to Mexico." We 
all yawned, 

Alstar said, “Who cares? 
Helms is just a burned -out 
marshmallow." 

Tupperware chimed in, 
“Here f s one for the books. 
Greg Maddux, the baseball 
star, has signed a $57.9 mil- 
lion contract with the Atlanta 
Braves.” 

Thompson said, “As long 
as I get baseball news on my 
vacation. I’m happy." 

There was a great deal of 
animated chatter about Har- 
rison Ford playing the pres- 
ident in "Air Force One.” 

The entire group expressed 
outrage tbat the Secret Ser- 
vice would allow terrorists to 
fly on tbe president's plane. 

□ 

The evening continued 
with everyone attempting to 
make conversation on sub- 
jects that wouldn't disturb the 
mood of our marshmallow 
roasting by tbe ocean. 

We refused to talk about 
the tax cut. Medicare fraud, 
Hong Kong, Swiss banks, 
Paula Jones, NATO, the EPA 
and the IRA cease-fire. By 
mutual consent they were de- 
clared off-limits. 

It was agreed that several 
select subjects were impor- 
tant enough to bring up at a 
marshmallow roast on the 
beach: Larry King's wedding, 
the sex life of New York's 
Mayor Rudy Giuliani, John 
Kennedy Jr.'s fight with his 
cousins Joe and Michael, 
Princess Diana's new boy- 
friend and things we saw on 
(he Internet about crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

We all concluded that sum- 
mer is not the time to worry 
about problems on the Mir 
space station. 

There'll be plenty of time 
to do that when we get back in 
the fall. 


For Blacklisted Screenwriter, a Late Vindication 


trotter and oik of the film’s stars, as a 
consultant 

"Go, Man, Go!** was actually 

N EW YORK — On a morning Palca’s second film about the 
in 1953, Alfred Palca’s door- Globetrotters. He'd made a short 

version, called “The Harlem Globe- 
trotters," under the aegis of 
Columbia Pictures in 1951. Bui be 
was unsatisfied with it- So he wrote 
another script, decided to make it 
lobby to meet the men. They turned independently and raised $175, TOO. 
out to be FBI agents, and they ac- “i’m an old lefty, and I thought I 
cused him of being a Communist, could do something to help the 
' ' ~ blacks," he said. 


By Bruce Weber 

New York Tims Service 

'EW YORK — On a morning 
in 1953, Alfred Palca’s door- 
man called up to his Manhattan 
apartment ana told him that two 
men were waiting. Palca, a writer 
and movie producer, was heading 
to bis set when he stopped in the 


That sealed Pal- 
ca’s fate in the 
movie business. 

The film, “Go. 

Man, Go!" which 
was about the rise 
of the Harlem 
Globetrotters bas- 
ketball team, be- 
came a classic 
among die-hard basketball fans. 
But Palca fell victim to the Mc- 
Carthy-era Hollywood blacklist. 
To find a distributor and pay back 
investors, including his rather-in- 
law, Palca had to take his name off 
the film. He has neither written nor 
produced a film since. 

Now 77, Palca is a pixieish, win- 
some man who speaks in a pleas- 
antly resigned tone. 

"The movie got out, but my ca- 
reer was phhhttt,” he recalled re- 
cently in the apartment he moved 
into with his wife in 1957. "I was 
never that good. Others did better 
than I, working with fronts." 

But this fall, more than 40 years 
later, and just in time for the 50th 
anniversary of the notorious “Hol- 
lywood 10" bearings before the 
House Co mini nee on Un-Americ- 
an Activities, Palca is expected to 
have his credit restored by the 
Writers Guild of America. 

Furthermore, as if to repay Palca 
for four decades of anonymity, a 
stage version of “Go, Man, Go!” 
may well be headed for Broadway. 
John Scher. a producer whose credits 
include “Victor/Victoria*’ and 
“Damn Yankees,” has bought the 
rights and is seeking a book writer 
and a director. He has already hired 
Marques Haynes, the former Giobe- 


The FBI said the 
evidence included 
the writer’s hiring 
of Sidney Poitier. 


That mattered to 
roe importantly. I 
could never write 
anything violent. 
I’m a softy in that 
regard, but politi- 
cally t would do 
anything I could to 
help society, and as 
a Jewish fellow, I was for the un- 
derdog. I didn’t have to do that stoiy, 
but I liked that story. And 1 thought 
it had a basic commercial not." 

The film tells the story of Abe 
Saperstein, an entrepreneur and 
basketball nut from Chicago, who, 
in the winter of 1927, piled five 
black basketball players into a 
Model T Ford and began touring 
the country, challenging local 
teams on their own turf. 

Eventually, tbe Harlem Globe- 
trotters, as he called them, became 
the best-known basketball team in 
the world, famous for their on-court 
hi jinks as well as virtuoso passing, 
dribbling and shooting skills. In 
1948, the Globetrotters challenged 
the National Basketball Associ- 
ation's Minneapolis Lakers, the 
world champions — and won. 

"Go, Man, Go!” concerns the 
period just before tbat triumph. It is 
about the early barnstorming years, 
ending in the early 1940s, with the 
Globetrotters defeating several 
professional teams — all of them 
white — in a tournament. The film 
starred Dane Clark as Saperstein 
and, as his partner Inman Jackson, a 
young Sidney Poitier. 

“Basically the whole thing was 
true," said Marques Haynes, who 
is now in his 70s and lives in Dallas. 







morning, Palca 
“Every day, they said,- 
’Mr. Palca, you should 
clear your name,' and ,' 
they gave me this offer’’ - 
They said if I would 
name names everything . 
would be fine. Oik day’ 
in the taxi I said to them, ."} 
•Would yon fellas like to ‘ 
invest in this movie?’ h 
was my way of saying. 
Tin not interested in 


.Wj SWThc Tori limn 

Alfred Palca, whose “Go, Man, Go!” is a classic among basketball fans. 


Haynes vouched for the scene in 
which he showed up unannounced 
at Saperstein’s door in Chicago at 
230 A.M., having hitchhiked there 
from Sand Springs, Oklahoma, to 
try out for the team. In the film, he 
persuades Saperstein to hire him by 
showing off his dribbling in the 
hallway of the building. 

Although Haynes remembers 
Palca fondly, he had not known 
about the blacklist 

Palca said that as a young man 
living in New York and Los 
Angeles, writing for television 
shows and comedians. “I joined all 
kinds of organizations, signed all 
kinds of things." He said he had 
been attracted by the Soviet Un- 
ion’s socialist ideals — "I was 


naive; I thought of it as sharing 
society," he said, “and I’m em- 
barrassed by it now." But he was 
never a Communist 

“Maybe we gave money to Rus- 
sian war relief or something," said 
his wife of 49 years, Doris Palca, 
who is the former director of pub- 
lications for the Whitney Museum. 
They have a son and a daughter. 

In any case, the FBI agents said 
the evidence a gains t him included 
his hiring of Poitier. 

“The one guy couldn’t even say 
his name, he said ’Sidney 
Popeeyay.’ " Palca recalled, 
adding tbat Poitier, who had ap- 
peared in only three previous films, 
did “Go. Man, Go!” for SI 300. 
The agents came around every 


your offer any more than 
you’re interested . in 
mine.’ ” 

When it was time to 
find a distributor,- Paka 
said, several studios 
were interested, 

“A Columbia execo-. 
tive took me to lurch, ’! 
he said. ‘ ‘And he said,4L 
can arrange everything. 
You’ll go to Washing-, 
ton, tell people you were 
wrong, what you did, and 
tell them who you knew 
and name them, and we 
at Columbia will take 
your movie.’ I remember 
Fox was also interested 
at that tune.” United 
Artists finally bought it. 

“But nobody would 
take it with my name on 
it,” Palca said. Dis- 
heartened, he removed 
his name. The producing credit 
went to his brother-in-law and as- 
sistant on tbe film, Anton Leader. 
The screenwriting credit went to 
Arnold Becker, his cousin, a pe- 
diatrician. 

Unlike others who resorted to 
pseudonyms, Palca turned his back 
on the movie business. In the mean- 
time he has written magazine ar- 
ticles. a play or two, some tele- 
vision shows, and a nonfiction book 
about sex called “The Couple. 

Today, Palca calls the restora- 
tion of his credit “a small vin- 
dication,” then allows himself a 
moment of regret. “It should have 
been 40 years ago,” he said; “and 
my life obviously would have been 
different” - 


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The '60s rock producer Chet Helms with “Summer of Love” items. 


PEOPLE 


A FOUR-BEDROOM Victorian home in the heart 
of San Francisco's Haight-Ashbuxy district has 
seen its share of long, strange trips, but none so costly 
as the one it may soon take. The house where Jerry 
Garcia and other members of the Grateful Dead lived 
is among 300 items for sale af an auction on Ocl 4 
commemorating the 1967 "Summer of Love.” Min- 
imum bid for the house: S990.000. Other items up for 
sale include photographs of the Grateful Dead and 
Janis Joplin, postcards from John Lennon and Yoko 
Ono to the Black Panther leader Huey Newton, and a 
letter from Joni Mitchell to David Crosby with her 
waiercolor portrait of him. 

□ 

An exhibition of photographs by Led Riefenstabl. 
Hitler's favorite filmmaker, has set off protests in 
Germany. “I have no desire to live to see my 100th 
birthday unless a miracle allows me to work in peace 
and quiet.’ * Riefenstabl, who turns 95 Friday, declared 
in response to criticism of her first photographic ex- 
hibit since the war. In a lerter, the Auschwitz Com- 
mittee, an association of death camp survivors, said 
that RiefenstahJ’s work was “indissociable from her 
role in German fascism" and urged that the exhibition 
of 50 photos at Hamburg's Schlueter Gallery be 
scrapped. Lawyers who work in the same building 
bung a protest banner from a window. The pictures 


feature the Sudanese Nuba tribe, tropical seabeds and 
the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin. Although close to 
Hitler, Riefenstahl never joined the Nazi party and bas 
said she was never aware of the atrocities carried out by 
the Nazi regime. Her best known work is "Triumph of 
the Will.” a 1935 film documentary on Nazi rallies that 
pioneered Nazi propaganda techniques. 


Muhammad Ali. trembling from Parkinson's dis- 
ease but still sparring, has made an emotional return to 
Africa, slopping in Ivon Coast to deliver aid to refugee 
children from Liberia." Military guards joined in the 
chant of ‘ * .Ali. akwaba! '* •‘Welcome. Ali > as the boxing 
legend arrived at a packed news conference in Abidjan. 
.Ali. 55. sw apped fake punches w ith the .African heavy- 
weight champion. Augustin Vgou. and the country’s 
sports minister praised Ali's career, in particular "his 
1974 victory against Georges Foreman in Kinshasa, 
the so-called "rumble ir. the jungle" that w on him the 
world heavyw eight title. 


The Italian authorities are imposing tougher mea- 
sures against vandalism after three men damaged a 
famous Rome fountain by diving off its 17th-century 
sculpture by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The three were 
arrested after they took a dip in the fountain, in the 


elegant Piazza Navona, snapping the tail of a dragon A; . 
from the Four Rivers sculpture. Some 250 Italian and 
foreign tourists have been caught bathing in Rome's :: 
foun tains in recent months. Culture Minister Walter ■ 
Veltroni said a bill was pending that would increase 
the maximum jail sentence for damaging public month, 
ments from one to three years. And Rome's city — ; 

council ruled that anyone taking a dip from a public 
fountain would face a fine of 1 million lire ($560). - _ - 

□ 

Elle Macpberson may be modeling maternity wear \- ; 
for a while. The 33-year-old supermodel is reportedly 
expecting a baby with her millionaire. English boy* 
friend, Arkle Busson. “She’s very, very happy and it 
will be a very welcome addition to the family," Mao-" - 
pherson’s brother. Brendan Gow, said in Sydney. > - 

□ ■>■;> yj- 

A woman has filed a paternity suit against Chris- c ". T" 
topher Darden, the O J. Simpson prosecutor, claim- . 

ing that he fathered her nearly 3-raonth-old daughter? ; 

Darden acknowledges having had a brief 4 ‘friendship" 
with the woman, Miki Gaut, but said it had not yet _J_ . 
been determined that he was the father of the chiW. He ' 

wants to be tested, and if he is the father, he warns' _ 
primary custody of the girl, Darden said through his 
publicist to a Los Angeles television station. 



stays mainly in the plain. 


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«G»S_ 

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TBOm . • 



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Switzerland • 
United Kingdom ■ 


Egypt*(Calro)i 

Israel. 

Saudi Arabia-:- 


MIDDLE EAST 


Ghana 
South Atrtca 


AFRICA 


0800-80 

0500-80 

0800-89 


177-100 


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0-800-99- 



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