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The World’s Daily Newspapei 


London, Thursday, August 28, 1997 

- a i 


An Uproar in Japan 
After Radiation Leak 

Hashimoto Calk Incident ‘Unbelievable 
As Public Anger Over Accidents Grows 

By Mary Jordan 

Washington Fust Sen-in- 

- A 

TOKYO — An angiy Prime Minister 
Ryutaro Hashimoto on Wednesday de- 
scribed the newest problem in the na- 
tion's troubled nuclear energy program, 
a radiation leak from corroded storage 
drums, as “unbelievable.’* 

The stale-run agency that operates 
Japan 's nuclear program admitted Tues- 
day that radiation had leaked from some 
of the 2,000 drums storing radioactive 
waste in Tokai, a village north of 

AJthough some water surrounding 
the underground drams had more than 
10,000 times the admissible level of 
radiation, government officials said 
Wednesday that the local water supply 

North Korea 
Halts Talks 
On Missiles 

Pyongyang Unhappy 
Over Defection to U.S. 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — North Korea, 
clearly stung by the defection to the 
United States of one of its top diplomats, 
on Wednesday suspended talks on curb- 
ing its sales of missiles and military 

American diplomats had received in- 
dications Tuesday that the talks in New 
York, set to last three days, would pro- 
ceed despite the defection of Chang 
t v Sung Gil, the North Korean ambassador 
to Cairo. His brother, Chang Sung Ho, a 
\ •» iower-Jevel diplomat in the Paris mis- 

H* ^ j sion, also defected. 

? “1 It was not immediately clear whether 

a broader and more important set of 
talks, the negotiations aimed at securing 

\ i peace on the Korean Peninsula, which 
^ are to include both Koreas, the United 
A States and China, will proceed as sched- 
uled on Sept. IS. 

In Geneva, meanwhile. North Korea 
announced that it was withdrawing from 
a United Nations accord on human 
rights because of a resolution that crit- 
icized its practices. The resolution 
* ‘totally distorts the reality of our coun- 
try," said Han Chang On, deputy am- 
bassador of the North Korean Mission. 

In spurning the New York talks, the 
North Koreans explicitly cited the U.S. 
decision to allow Ambassador Chang 
and his family to come to the United 
States, a White House spokesman. 
Barry Toiv, said Wednesday. 

* ‘While this decision by the North was 
not unexpected, it is nonetheless dis- 
appointing," Mr. Toiv said in Massachu- 
setts, where President Bill Clinton is va- 
cationing. “We see no linkage between 
the defections and missile talks, and we 
believe it is in North Korea’s interest to 
remain engaged in the talks." 

U.S.-North Korean contacts have 
moved forward in fits and starts, with 


was safe. 

The incident is the latest in a series of 
accidents involving the state-run nu- 
clear agency known as Donen. Nuclear 
power accounts for one-third of Japan's 
electricity, and the government has been 
trying to win public support to built 
more reactors to expand die use of nu- 
clear energy. 

But recent revelations of sloppy man- 
agement of nuclear power plants and 
cover-ups of accidents have enraged the 
public, which has become increasingly 
hostile to nuclear energy. 

The public and government in Japan, 
the only country where atomic bombs 
have exploded, are extremely sensitive 
about radiation and nuclear safety. But 
the government also has been deter- 
mined to ensure that the country is no 
longer dependent on foreign oil. 

In its drive to make Japan self-suf- 
ficient in energy, it has embraced fast- 
breeder reactors, which produce more 
plutonium than they consume. All other 
countries, including the United States 
and even France,have moved away from 
fasr- breeder reactors, which have been 
plagued with problems and are seen as a 
potential threat to nuclear disarmament. 

In the latest accident in Japan, Donen 
officials apparently knew that the drams 
were corroded as early as February, but 
concealed the information. In March, at 
the same site, there was a fire and an 
explosion that exposed some workers to 
low-level radiation. At that time, of- 
ficials delayed notifying the public. 

The Tokai plant is the center of the 
country's nuclear power program and 
the site of its first domestically pro- 
duced reactor. 

News of the latest radiation leak came 
from the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper, 
not from official sources, which angered 
local residents who said they could nor 
rely on the government for information. 

* ‘We are very disappointed to hear of 
yet another incident about which we 
hadn’t been Informed," said Masarai 
Nakamura , AO, who lives in Tokai a few 
minutes walk from (he nuclear plant. He 
said residents were more upset about 
officials concealing information than 
the radiation leak, which apparently was 

Just last month, two Donen officials 
were indicted for submitting a false re- 

See NUCLEAR, Page 6 

&*h) Yqi/kfiiicr. 

LAND RUSH — The press swarming over Joseph Leung after his company won a big Hong Kong land 
auction Wednesday. Page 15. Meanwhile, for the territory’s new chief executive, Tung Chee-hwa, no 
news is good news. Preparing for his first overseas trip as leader, he lauds “business as usual.” Page 7. 

Ex- Clinton Cabinet Member Indicted 

Espy Charged With Accepting Lobbyists 9 Gifts 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — A federal grand 
jury on Wednesday charged a former 
agriculture secretary, Mike Espy, with 
39 counts of illegally soliciting and ac- 
cepting gifts from companies his de- 
partment was supposed to regulate, and 
attempting to conceal his actions from 

Although the Clinton administration 
has been hounded by scandals, these 
were the first criminal charges to be 
brought against a former cabinet mem- 

If convicted on all 39 charges and 
sentenced consecutively, Mr. Espy 
could face a jail term of more than 100 

Mr. Espy, who has maintained his 
innocence, was not available for com- 
ment. A former Mississippi congress- 
man, he was the nation's first black 
agriculture secretary. 

The White House also declined to 
comment. But it faces possible addi- 

tional embarrassment. Tyson Foods 
Inc., a huge Arkansas poultry company 
that the indictment says paid for gifts, 
has long had close links to President Bill 
Clinton and his wife, Hillary. 

The grand jury charged that Mr. Espy 
had “solicited, received and accepted” 
gifts, trips and other favors worth more 
than $35,000 from large agriculture 
businesses that had dealings with the 
Agriculture Department when he 
headed it in 1993 and 1994. 

Mr. Espy was also charged with wit- 
ness tampering and lying to investi- 

The charges flowed from a three-year 
investigation by the independent counsel, 
Donald Smaltz. The Espy investigation 
has led to a half-dozen convictions of 
agriculture-business executives and 
farmers in at least three jurisdictions. 

Among other charges, the grand jury 
found that Mr. Espy had ordered an 
Agriculture Department employee to al- 
ter a document that had been requested 

See ESPY, Page 6 

Jen MucMVRcuur* 

Mike Espy was the first black ag- 
riculture secretary of the U.S. 


See KOREA, Page 6 

Do Her Nazi Days Skew German Pollster’s Work? 

By William H. Honan 

Nett- York Timex Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — In a controversy chat has stirred 
deep interest in academic circles this summer, an 
American professor has delved into the personal 
history and work of Germany’s best-known political 
pollster, who once worked for the Nazis' propaganda 
minister, and has concluded that totalitarian sym- 
pathies tainted her influential work in communi- 
cations theory. 

The issue became so heated that supporters of the 
pollster, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, tried to have 
the professor’s application for tenure denied. 

The controversy pits Ms. Noelle-Neumann, the 
head of the Allensbach Institute, a German polling 
organization, against Christopher Simpson, a pro- 
fessor of communications at American university in 
Washington. , 

Although Mr. Simpson’s attack on Ms. Noelle- 
Neumann ’s work is new, her Nazi associations were 
publicized in 1991, when an article in Commentary 
magazine reported that she had worked for Josef 

No, She and Supporters Say; 
Yes, Insists a U.S. Professor 

Goebbels in the early years of World War D. In 
response to that article, the University of Chicago 
temunaied her visiting professorship. 

Ms. Noelle-Neumann, 80, said at the time that she 
was sorry about ber Nazi past and had never intended 
to do “any harm to the Jews.” 

In Germany, she remains a widely quoted com- 
mentator on German society and politics. A friend of 
ChaucellorHelmut Kohl, she is also the author of an 
influential book on communication studies. 

With the passage of years since the Commentary 
article, Ms. Noelle-Neumann had reason to believe 
that the controversy stirred by her past was over. But 
the Commentary article, by Leo Bogart, who was 
then an adjunct professor at New York University, 
intrigued Mr. Simpson. 

He began looking at Ms. Noelle-Neumann's work 
with this question in mind; Can the professional work 

of a social scientist be separated from that person’s 
early associations and convictions? 

Mr. Simpson concluded that the book on which 
Ms. Noelle-Neumann’s academic reputation rests, 
“The Spiral of Silence" (University of Chicago 
Press, 1984). is riddled with totalitarian ideology. 
The book contends that outspoken members of 
minorities may have an impact disproportionate to 
their numbers by cowing the majority into silence. 

Mr. Simpson, whose arguments were first made 
last year in The Journal of Communication, a major 
academic periodical in the field of public opinion 
analysis, also asserted that Ms. Noelle-Neumann 
used propaganda techniques to get poll results. 

He compared her to Paul de Man, a founder of 
deconstructionist literary criticism, a school that 
came under intense attack when it was learned that 
Mr. de Man had written pro- Nazi articles for a 
Belgian newspaper in the early 1940s. 

Mr. de Man died in 1984. four years before the 
publicity about his early writings, and few rushed to 

See SCHOLAR, Page 6 

In Anti-U.S. 
Bombing of 
Berlin Disco 

Arrested in Rome , 
Ex- Spy Is Whnted 
By German Police 

By Celestine Bohlen 

AVh York Times Sen h\- 

ROME — Italian police said 
Wednesday they had arrested a 40- year- 
old Libyan wanted in Germany for Lhe 
1986 bombing of a Berlin discotheque 
that killed two American soldiers and a 
Turkish woman and wounded about 200 
other people. 

The man was identified as Mushah 
Abulgasem Eter. a former member of 
the Libyan secret services who is be- 
lieved to be one of the last fugitives 
sought in connection with the Berlin 

German prosecutors have accused 
Libya of plotting the bombing of “La 
Belle” disco, a nightspot frequented by 
U.S. servicemen, in retaliation for the 
sinking of a Libyan ship. Five people 
have been charged in the case, including 
three Gentians, Mr. Eter and a Pal- 
estinian, who together with Mr. Eter 
was at the Libyan Embassy in East 
Berlin at the time of the blast The other 
four are already in German custody. 

The blast prompted the United States 
to bomb Libya's two biggest cities in 
April 1986. 

The attack's alleged mastermind. 
Said Rashid, also suspected in the 1988 
bombing of a Pan Am jet over Lock- 
erbie, Scotland, is still at large. The 
Associated Press reported. 

Mr. Eter was picked up Tuesday 
evening in a Rome neighborhood 
known as the African Quarter, and was 
being processed at a Rome prison for 
extradition to Germany. A Libyan 
couple was also arrested, and charged 
with harboring a fugitive. 

Mr. Eter was trackecTdown in Rome 
after German police, listening to a 
tapped phone, noticed that repeated calls 
were being made to and from public and 
private phones in the neighborhood 
where he was staying, a spokesman for 
Italy's Digos. or anti-terrorist police, 
told reporters Wednesday. 

According to Italian press reports. Mr. 
Eter had been staying in an apartment 
lived in by the Libyan couple, identified 
as Hanna Ben Amer and Khaled Ettir, 
said to be Mr. Eter's cousin, for die last six 
or seven months. Neighbors told reporters 
that Hanna Ben Amer said she worked for 
the Libyan Embassy and seemed to keep 
normal office hours. Mr. Ettir was more 
often at home, they said. 

Nicola De Cristoforo, deputy chief of 
the Rome anti-terrorist police force, 
said police were examining the pos- 
sibility of a “wider network” that had 
protected Mr. Eter while he was in 
Rome. He said a number of documents, 
including stolen and false identity pa- 
pers, were found during the operation. 

German prosecutors last February 
said the Libyan secret service had issued 
an order for the bombing of an “Amer- 
ican object." The United States was 
convinced of the Libyan connection im- 
mediately after the blast, which took 
place on April 5, 1986, and ordered a 
retaliatory raid against Libya, which 
killed at least IS people, including the 
adopted daughter of the Libyan leader, 
Moammar Gadhafi. 

Hanna Ben Amer was charged, but 
released, while Khaled Eftir is still being 
held in prison. 

Thai Doldrums Add Urgency to Reform 

By Michael Richardson 

International Htrafd Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Thailand faces a 
worsening economy and increased so- 
cial discontent unless a proposal for 
sweeping constitutional reform is 

change in political leadership ethics, _ a 
Western executive in Bangkok said 
Wednesday. “Thais, especially in the 
urban middle class, are only too well 


aware now how quite a number of their 

quickly adopted to restore confidence in awarenuw uu*, ~rr 

die aatioaa/goverament. some leading political ^ 

business and political analysts say. Surrai^SId^usinessmcn havebeen 

Many maintain that a period ofpolit- reaucrats and njllagine the tion and does not call a snap election, 

ical turbulence about to unfold m mismanaging and often ptilagmg ine vote Sept . 2 £ on a new 

from the opposition in Parliament on 

That will be the first full-scale debate 
on its management since the economic 
crisis came to a bead last month with the 
floating of die baht. 

The Democrat Party, the main op- 
position group, said it would file a no- 
confidence motion Monday. It is to be 
debated three weeks later. 

If the government survives the mo- 

govemment and electoral reforms, may 
be a necessary step to calm the eco- 
nomic storm. But it could also result m a 
rejection of democratic change mat 
would deepen the crisis, they wanted. 

“The question is whether the coun- 
try's economic troubles will force a 

The six-party governing coalition of 
Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh 
will have to answer strong criticism 

draft constitution. 

See THAIS, Page 6 

The Dollar 

New Yortt Wednesday 9 * P.M. previous dose 








Israel Lifts Its Blockade of Bethlehem 







The Dow 


p- Wednesday ctoss pewtousetoea 



S&P 500 


change WMvtdiy 0 * P.M pr&vtousdose 

+ 0.68 




Israel's ‘Kidnapped' Yemeni Children 

Israel lifted its four-week military 
blockade of the West Bank city of 
Bethlehem on Wednesday. 

The move followed several days of 
violence in Bethlehem between Israeli 
forces and Palestinian youths. Beth- 

Intel Bets on New Chip 

Intel's top-secret project — a chip 
code-named Merced — could spark a 
computer revolution. But for the com- 
pany. the stakes are huge. Page 12. 

lehem had been closed from other Pal- 
estinian-ruled cities on the West Bank 
since July 30, the day a suicide bomb- 
ing in a Jerusalem" market sent re- 
lations between Israel and the Pal- 
estinians spiraling into crisis. Page 2. 


Pages 8-9. 

.... Pages 18-19. 

g The JHT on-line jj 

Newsstand Prices 

Bahrain. 1.000 BD Malta.— - 55 c 

Cyprus- C £ 1.00 Nigeria... 125, MNaira 

Denmark -.14.00 DKr Oman 1-250 OH 

Finland. 12.00 FM Qatar 10.00 QR 

Gibraltar £ 0.85 Rep- Ireland. ..JR £ 

Great Britain. 0.90 Sautfi Arabta...lQSR 

Egypt £E 5.50 S. Africa -R 12 + /AT 

Jordan 1.250 JD UAE- 10 -9°“? 

Kenya .....K. SH. 160 U-S-MD. (Eurj....$J-20 
Kuwait .700 Fils 3 mbabwa..... ZmS3D.iX> 

Western Support for the Figurehead Mrs. Plavsic Begins to Waver 

By Chris Hedges 

/tew York Times Service 




The power still lies in Pale, in the hands of 
Radovan Karadzic, hex predecessor as president 
who is wanted on war crimes charges, and the 
government in Pale has officially severed all re- 
lations with Mrs. Plavsic. 

The Bosnian Serb Parliament, which she dis- 


solved recently, met in Pale on Tuesday, declaring 

uiswhw zri u+r witvo.rirrte never her authority illegitimate. Mrs. Plavsic had also 

always accompanied by her b^guaras, . ^ f or elections next month to be 

strays more than a few bfocks from^envtiy fey ^ f?r Security and 

guarded office, has nc « budget and w .PJS^g ic a Cooperation in Europe, a decision that Parlia- 
the NATO troops who seized this ty F° peat's speaker. Dragon Kalinic, said Parliament 
stations last week. 

BANJA LUKA. Bosma-Heraegovina- 
orv Biliana Plavsic is the president of the Serbian 
republic in Bosnia, wilh the authority to command 
[teamed forces, raise taxes.appmrc 
oversee an economy that is almost entirely th 

ha inf act, Mrs. Plavsic, cssentiady a « 

reversed Tuesday. He went on to say that the 
situation in Bosnia was not “conducive” to hold- 
ing elections at this time. International officials in 
Bosnia said Tuesday that Parliament was acting 

In addition to their political differences, Mrs. 
Plavsic has accused Mr. Karadzic of widespread 
corruption and the theft of funds that should have 
gone to lhe state to maintain hospitals and schools 
as well as pay salaries. 

Increasingly, international organizations and 
world powers seem to be gearing up for a long 
period of confrontation between two rival Bosnian 
Serb governments, Mr. Karadzic's in Pale and Mrs. 
Plavsic’s in Banja Luka. 

But her heavy dependence on other countries 
and her weak base of support makes many NATO 
commanders and Western diplomats jittery. 

“She is a creature of our creation,” said a UN 
official, “and this has begun to scare many of us. 
We can't get too involved in this conflict There is 
a feeling that perhaps we have gone far enough and 
Should consolidate the gains we have made.” 

There are three primary power centers in the 
Balkans — the police, the media and the vast state 
ownership of businesses and industries. 

Mrs. Plavsic has a few hundred of the 40,000- 
man police force behind her, and control of the 

See BOSNIA, Page 6 



Reunion Reope ns Case / A Sense of Grievance 

Israel’s ‘Kidnapped’ Yemeni Children 

By John Lancaster 

Washington Past Service 

. a 'A v 

Knh. ,% 4. 

v ; -*' 


T EL AVIV — To many Israelis, it has 
long seemed the weirdest sort of con- 
spiracy theory, the accusation that hun- 
dreds of babies born to Yemeni Jews 
were systematically kidnapped and sold for ad- 
option during the chaotic aftermath of Israel s 
founding half a century ago. 

But to grief-stricken parents 
like Margalit Umassi, who ar- 
rived in Israel from Yemen as an 
Arabic-speaking teenager in 
1948, the accusation had the ring 
of truth. How else to explain the 
mysterious disappearance of her 
baby daughter, Saida, from a 
hospital bed near her resettle- 
ment camp tn northern Israel, or 
the stone wall of silence that 
greeted her quest to leam her 
daughter’s fate? 

Last week, almost 50 years 
after she last held her in her arms, 

Mrs. Umassi was reunited with 
her daughter in a sensational 
case that has at least partly vin- 
dicated suspicions of many Ye- 
meni Jews while raising fresh 
doubts about some of the coun- 
try's most cherished founding 

It has also fueled a long-held 
sense of grievance among Jews 
from Yemen and other Middle 
Eastern and African countries to- 
ward Jews of European origin, 
known as Ashkenazim, whose 
Zionist movement gave birth ro 
Israel and who still dominate its 
political and economic life. 

Saida, now Tsila Levine, 49. 
of Sacramento, California, 
tracked down her mother with 
the help of Yemeni community 
leaders and a Tel Aviv lawyer, 
and their relationship was con- 
firmed by DNA tests over the 
weekend. Mrs. Levine said she 
was told as a youngster that she had been ad( 
ed but did not begin to suspect the truth about 
origins until several years ago. 

“There were three victims here: a wounded 
mother, a daughter that had to go on living and 
adoptive parents dragged into this tragedy with- 
out knowing they were taking part in this con- 
spiracy,” said Mrs. Levine as she shared 
laughter and tears with her mother after a tele- 
vision interview here Tuesday. “I feel numb.” 

Ashkenazi parents who had lost their offspring 
in the Nazi Holocaust. . ... 

Independent experts have attributed the dis- 
appearances largely to sloppy record keeping, 
suggesting many of the children died in hos- 
pitals but parents never were informed of their 
fate because of warfare and social chaos. 

Dov Levitan, a lecturer at Bar-Ilan University 
and a leading authority on the issue, has ex- 
pressed the view that most of the missing chil- 

‘Li f-isJ 

Tsila Levine hugging her biological mother , Margalit Umassi, 
after genetic tests showed, that she was the long-lost daughter. 


A FTER the story of the mother and 
daughter was splashed across the front 
pages of Israeli newspapers Tuesday, 
radio talk shows were flooded with 
calls from people who said they had lost children 
under similar circumstances. A government 
commission is investigating, and last 
week it began digging up decades-old grave 
sites in an effort to identify remains of Yemeni 
infants who purportedly died in hospitals. 

"Our dream was to come to the land of 
Israel," Mrs. Umassi, 67, said Tuesday of her 
arrival in the Jewish state. “But when we saw 
the way they treated us, they treated us worse 
than the Arabs." 

The government commission, the third to 
investigate the disappearances since the 1960s, 
has yet to corroborate allegations that children 
Of Yemeni Jews were kidnapped and sold to 

dren died in hospitals, but he has also suggested 
that Yemeni suspicions would not have arisen in 
the first place if not for the callousness of 
Ashkenazi veterans of Israel’s war of inde- 
pendence toward new immigrants from Yemen 
and other Arab states. 

Mr. Levitan said Israeli health authorities 
often did not keep careful track of sick Yemeni 
children, sometimes did not inform parents that 
their children had died and often performed 
autopsies without the parents' permission. 

Many Yemeni Jews, however, continue to 
believe a much more nefarious explanation for 
the disappearances. Among their leaders is 
Yigal Yosef, whose infant sister vanished from a 
hospital in 1953. 

“The thinking at the time was, 'These prim- 
itive Yemenites have so many children, and here 
are childless Holocaust survivors,"' ’’Mr" Yosef" 
told the Jerusalem Report. "So, what’s the harm 
in taking a few?" 

Mr. Yosef and other Yemeni leaders here 
have estimated the number of missing children 
at 1,000. In 1994, after an armed standoff be- 
tween police and Yemeni protesters left a pro- 
tester dead, the government announced forma- 
tion of the current three-member commission, 
headed by Judge Yehuda Cohen. 

In 1948, Jewish nationalist groups broadcast 
international appeals for immigrants. Yemeni 

Jews were especially eager; as many as 60,000 
were airlifted to Israel from 1948 to 1950, 
according to Alex Weingrod, an anthropologist 
at Ben Gurion University and an expert on 
Oriental Jews. 

Mrs- Umassi walked for five days to reach the 
Yemeni capital, San'a, to take part in the airlift 
to Israel. She was 18 and was accompanied by 
relatives and her 1 -year-old daughter. She was 
recently divorced from the father. 

Upon arrival at a transit camp 
in Rosh Ha’ayan in northern 
Israel, she said, health workers 
sprayed her with DDT, ordered 
her to bathe — measures also 
taken with refugees from 
Europe, according to Mr. We- 
ingroa — and soon removed her 
daughter to a hospital, saying 
she was sick. 

Mr. Umassi, who now be- 
lieves that claim was a ruse, said 
she made regular visits to the 
hospital to nurse her daughter. 
Then one day the little girl dis- 

"I fed her in the evening and 
looked at her, and the next day 
she wasn't there," she said in a 
voice tinged with sadness and 
indignation. "I didn't see her 
again until now." 

Mr. Umassi said the hospital 
nurse on duty professed ignor- 
ance of the Want's where- 
abouts. She appealed to author- 
ities in Rosh Ha’ayan but got 
nowhere. One police officer 
even suggested, “You can go 
back to Yemen if you want to," 
Mrs. Umassi recalled. 

After two years, she said, she 
ran out of leads. 

Later, she remarried and 
raised three children in Petah 
Tikvah, where she still lives, 
but her missing daughter was 
never far from her thoughts. 
“Whenever we had a family 
holiday, I kept hoping she 
would come in and join us, just knock on the 
door,'* she said. 

Riffm WJuu/lVr A^nculnl IW 


| HERE the story might have ended, if 
not for the persistence of Mrs. Levine, 
who said she learned of her adoption 
from her adoptive parents at the age of 
6. Mrs. Levine, who said she “adored" her 
adoptive parents, both deceased, was raised on a 
kibbutz in northern Israel, not far from Mrs. 

After trying unsuccessfully to leant about her 
origins in the late 1970s, Mrs. Levine married an 
American and moved to the United States, 
where she has lived for 17 years, working pan of 
the time as a Hebrew teacher and raising rwo 

. Several years ago, after reading a report about 
the disappearances in a California newspaper, 
she resumed her search with the help of a 
Yemeni Jewish group. 

Her childhood photograph appeared in Israeli 
newspapers, where it was recognized by Mrs. 

The two met for the first time a week ago in 
the office of Mrs. Levine's lawyer. Rami Tsobri. 
On Sunday night, a geneticist at Hebrew Uni- 
versity called Mrs. Tsobri with the news, which 
Mrs. Umassi already knew in her heart: Mrs. 
Levine was her daughter. 

After 4 Weeks, 

Its Blockade of Bethlehem 

Removal of Troops Hints at Signs of Progress ; 

2 British Airways Jets Came Within 400 Feet, Report Says 

Agence France-Presse 

LONDON — Two British 
Airways jets carrying more 
than 300 passengers narrowly 
escaped a midair collision 
after a blunder by ground con- 
trol staff, a report published 
Wednesday said. 

As the two aircraft, one 
from Paris with 165 passen- 
gers onboard and the other 
from Geneva with 150 pas- 
sengers, circled above Heath- 
row International Airport 
awaiting landing, air traffic 
control instructed the wrong 


A front-page byline in 
Wednesday’s editions was in- 
advertently truncated. The ar- 
ticle, on illegal immigration 
via the Channel Tunnel, was 
by William D. Montalbano. 

pilot to descend. 

The pilot of the Boeing 757 
started descending, but when 
it spotted the other jet, which 
was just 400 feet 1 120 meters) 
away and closing in, it turned 
skyward to avoid a midair 
collision. The Civil Aviation 
Authority said in a report on 
the incident Nov. 22, 1996, 
had been “very serious." 

One jet was at 10,000 feet 

The report said that had it 
not been for the excellent day- 
time visibility, which enabled 
the higher pilot to see the oth- 
er plane, “a more serious in- 
cident might have resulted." 

"AH BA pilots are trained 
regularly to deal with inci- 
pi lot of the higher dents of this kind, although 
no dropped 600 they are extremely rare." 

British Airways said, adding 
that "the professionalism of 

while the other was 1 ,000 feet 
higher and so close that the air 
traffic controller could not 
read their overlapping iden- 
tity tags on his radar screen. 

The controller wanted the 
lower jet to descend to 9,000 
feet but mistakenly gave the 
order to the 
feet in 30 seconds before 
climbing to safety. 

the flight crew ensured that 
the passengers were never in 
any danger." 

The pilots were not iden- 

By Douglas Jehl 

New York Tones Service 

announced Wednesday an 
end to a four-week military 
blockade of the West Bank 
city of Bethlehem, removing 
a small but important irritant 
in a troubled Israeii-Palestin- 
ian partnership. 

Tlie announcement fol- 
lowed several days of ugly 
clashes in Bethlehem be- 
tween Israeli forces and Pal- 
estinian youths, including one 
that proved a significant em- 
‘ barrassment to Israel on 
Tuesday, when Palestinian 
schoolgirls had to be evac- 
uated after Israeli soldiers 
mistakenly Bred tear gas into 
their schoolyard. 

Bethlehem had been closed 
from other Palestinian-ruled 
cities on the West Bank since 
July 30, the day a suicide 
bombing in a Jerusalem mar- 
ket sent relations between Is- 
rael and the Palestinians 
spiraling into crisis. Suggest- 
ing that the bombers might 
have received support from 
Islamic militants in the city, 
Israeli had described the 
blockade as a security mea- 
sure, but they offered no pub- 
lic explanation Wednesday 
what by all appearances was a 
hastily’ made decision to halt 
the closure now. 

Israel and the Palestinians 
remain bitterly divided in the 
aftermath of the bombing, and 
Israel has yet to ease the 
harshest of the sanctions it has 
levied in ihe face of the Pal- 
estinians' refusal to heed its 
demand for widespread ar- 
rests. But the removal of the 
troops and barriers that have 
surrounded Bethlehem comes 
in the aftermath of other, little- 
noticed signs that the two sides 
may be willing at least to re- 
move some other irritants, and 
the steps may add up to a first 
hint of progress by the Israelis 
and the Palestinians toward 
tacking their differences. 

Among those signs was the 
release Tuesday of Colonel 
Mounir Aboushi. a Palestin- 
ian policeman who had been 
held Without charges for 40 
days on suspicion that he had 
planned attacks on Jewish set- 
tlements in the West Bank. 

Three other Palestinian po- 
licemen whom Israel says 
have confessed to taking part 
in the attacks remain in Israeli 
custody, and Israeli officials 
have declined to provide an 
explanation for Colonel 
Aboushi's release. 

But one senior official said 
Wednesday that the decision 
had been made "for security 
reasons.” a hint that the re- 
lease may have been brokered 
during the three-way talks be- 
tween Israeli. Palestinian and 
American intelligence of- 
ficers that have become the 
main vehicle for efforts to re- 
build trust between the rival 

As a possible reciprocal 
gesture, Palestinian officials 

Ey4 Wic4iit<ik)/rbrA-niKMednew.. 

Tourists greeting a clergyman Wednesday in Bethlehem - 
below a Palestinian flag put up to protest the blockade. ' 

have said that they are weigh- 
ing whether to appoint General 
Ghazi JabalL the Palestinian 
police chief, as an ambassador, 
perhaps to Russia or Romania. 
Israel has threatened to arrest 
General Jabali, whom it has 
accused of directing attacks on 
the settlements, but Israeli of- 
ficials have indicated that they 
would be satisfied if he were 
removed from his post 
And Wednesday, Palestin- 
ian police and Israeli soldiers 
conducted a joint disaster drill 
in the Gaza Strip, the first held 
since the July 30 car bombing, 
although the two sides offered 
rival views about what mes- 
sage the exercise sent 
Saeb Ajez, the Palestinian 

But Prime Minister-Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu and his gov- 
ernment would plainly like to 
see the Palestinians do more "• 
to heed their demands before - 
Mrs. Albright issues whaf 1 
might be interpreted as a dec- 
laration of satisfaction.; 

Even Wednesday.Mr. Net- . 
anyahu blamed the Palestin- ~ 
ian Authority for the several 
days of clashes between ls^ 
raeti troops and 'Palestinians 
on the outskirts of Bethlehem, j 
saying that Mr. Arafat's gov-" ' 
eminent "is prepared to play 
with fire — with ‘spoman- - 
ecus violence' — which it 
itself is nurturing." . 

The punitive measures still 
being imposed on the Pales- 
national security chief, called tinians by Israel include-" a. • 
the exercise "a factual re- total closure of the West Bank-/* 
sponse to all claims that the ,and Gaza that prevents tenfspf 

thousands ’ of Palestinians 

and •> ■ 

call^ .r* :■ 

__ 3ft *■'; ;V- . _ - 

uflwoj^v-:-' V 

At J 


aid he 

coauntfi _ . . 

Palestinian Authority doesn’t 
illustrate the required level of 
security cooperation." 

But an Israeli Army 
spokesman noted that the drill 
involved only a simulated 
traffic accident. "Regret- 
tably, the exercise did not in- 
clude cooperation against ter- 
rorist activities or intelligence 
cooperation, but we do wel- 
come the cooperation on hu- 
manitarian issues," the 
spokesman said. 

Yasser Arafat and his gov- 
ernment are plainly eager ro 
win a nod of approval from 
Washington, which has con- 
ditioned a planned visit to the 
region by Secretly of State 
Madeleine Albright on Is- 
raeli- Palestinian progress to- 
ward restoring security co- 

every day from reaching their, 

Israel is also still withhold- .• 
ing tens of millions of dollars " 
in customs fees and tax rev- 
enues that it owes to the Pafc" ; 
estinians and on which the. " 
Palestinian Authority heavily . 

But on the Israeli side,: 
Wednesday brought a light- 
ening in rhetoric as well as 
punishment In calling on the" 
Palestinians to do more in the .. 
security realm, the foreign ■ 
minister, David Levy, also is- 
sued what sounded like a pledge 

calls flB a ; 

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Liter Ki';.. •• 
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warning against Israeli over 
reaction. "No one should get 
used to an idea that prolonged 
punishment will advance the 
peace process." Mr. Levy, 




Wa iacorpomo im l idiit mmt *■ otfcor 

alii bar* |«ri»Hctta*m. 

T** PlatnUg awlwnka*. 

Fv iim'ioiIwc wwa contact 
Bfeb Mwrpfef. DiraciM. 

103 idwtt Bagcwi Sum. 

DiAJin 2. ueurd 

Tel: + 3 S 3 1 661 B 490 
Fax: + 3 S 3 1 661 8493 

E-Mail: irMnfo@iaLcwn 

http : //www. 1 CS L co r 

Attack on Schiphol Noise 

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) — Dutch en- 
vironmental groups said Wednesday that they 
planned to take Amsterdam's Schiphol Air- 
port, some airlines and the minister of trans- 
portation to court to demand compliance with 
noise restrictions. 

The environmental organization Milieu 
Defensie said it expected to initiate the court 
action early next week- It served notice Tues- 
day on KLM, Transavia, Man in air, Air Hol- 
land and El AJ. 

The transportation minister, Annemarie 
Jorriisma, has proposed curbs on night flights 
to keep noise pollution within legal limits. 
Milieu Defensie, which is affiliated with 
Friends of the Earth, said it believed the 
proposed restrictions would be insufficiem. 

JAL to Shuffle Flights 

TOKYO (AFP) — Japan Air Lines said 
Tuesday it would reduce die number of its 
flights between Tokyo and Honolulu from 2S 
toll a week beginning in November as part of 
a reorganization of its operations. 

But it will increase flights in October from 
Tokyo to Kona, Hawaii, as well as from 
Tokyo to Los Angeles. Bangkok, Singapore, 
Manila and Guam, the officials said. JAL will 
also increase joint flights with foreign airlines 
between Nagoya and Vancouver and between 
Tokyo and Auckland. New Zealand. 

Holiday Inn Updates Its Look, 
With Fresh Faint and New Name 

The Assifiofetl Press 

NEW YORK — Using a warehouse of 
carpers, paint, rolls of wallpaper and sofas. 
Holiday Inn is giving itself a new look. 

To reflect the renovations. Holiday Inn 
Worldwide is changing its name to Holiday 
Hospitality Corp. Holiday Inn Worldwide op- 
erates or franchises more than 2,300 hotels 
and 390,000 guest rooms under the Holiday 
Inn and Crowne Plaza brand names in more 
than 60 countries and territories. 

The changes include modernized entrances, 
new furniture, spruced up decor, improved 
room service and better catering services. 













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Forecast lor Friday tn rough Sunday, as provided by AccuWeather. 










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, *\Gore Spoke 
^ ^ To 46 Donors 
‘ ,( K, From Office, 
Papers Show 

By John F. Harris 
and Charles R. Babcock 

WfcyAmgfini Post Service 


? 3 

WASHINGTON — From late 
November 1995 and to early May 1996 
Vice President Ai Gore spoke by tele- 
phone with at least 46 people from his 
White House office, each time seeking a 
contribution of from $25,000 to 
$100,000 to the Democratic National 
Committee, according to documents in 
thepossession of Senate investigators. 

The names of the people Mr. Gore 
called, the amounts he asked them for 
and a precise listing of the dates he 
called — a total of 10 separate sessions 

— are among the new details in doc- 
uments made available by White House 
and Democratic National Committee 
officials this month to the Senate Gov- 
ernmental Affairs Committee. 

A review of the contributions made by 
the 46 people contacted by Mr. Gore, 
conducted by the nonpartisan Center for 
ResponsivePolitics, showed they or their 
companies contributed almost $3.7 mil- 
lion in unregulated “soft money” to the 
Democratic National Committee during 
the two-year election cycle. Not all of 
this money, however, can be attributed 
directly to Mr. Gore's phone calls. 

At a news conference in March. Mr. 
Gore defended his solicitations as legal 

— he repeatedly said there was “no 
controlling legal authority’' prohibiting 
such calls from the White House. But he 
said he would halt the practice * 'because 
it's aroused a great deal of concer n and 

Mr. Gore said he placed fund-raising 
calls on a “few occasions.’’ 

Nearly six months later, the docu- 
ments are bringing this once-bluny pic- 
ture into focus, making clear that Mr. 
Gore's telephone solicitations were 
more extensive than he earlier implied 
The Democratic National Committee 
prepared 140 “call sheets” focusing on 
people for Mr. Gore to contact, along 
with short notes about the individuals and 
the issues in which they were interested 
From the 140 call sheets, die documents 
show, Mr. Gore tried to reach about 70 
people on 10 occasions starting on Nov. 
28, 1995, and ending on May 2, 1996. 

He reached 46 people, according to 
White House officials and records that 
Mr. Gore’s office and the Democratic 
National Committee gave the Senate. 
He left messages for 10 more. 

In addition, Mr. Gore placed numer- 

■ • oos colls from the White House thank- 1 

■ ; mg people for pledging to raise large 
• sums for two events, one for the Clin- 
ton -Gore campaign and one for die 

- Democratic National Committee — ap- 
parently to help ensure that the pledges 
came to fruition. 

For the most part, the subjects of Mr. 

- Gore's importunings were wealthy 
business executives, lawyers or heirs to 
family fortunes who had given large 

- sums to the Democrats before. 

On Feb. 2, 1996, Mr. Gore called two 
lawyers, Gary and Anita Robb, and 
asked for $50,000. The call sheet noted 

that the husband-wife team “just settled 

two of the largest cases ever settled in 
Missouri, both for over $400 million.” 

Later that day, Mr. Gore wrote a note 
thanking the Robbs for then $50,000 

. ^ ^The vice president had to do his share 

of hand-holding. A note scribbled by the 
fund-raiser Peter Knight, later the man- 
ager of the Clinton-Gore campaign, said 
that Peter May, president of Triarc Cos. 
in New York, told Mr. Gore he was “mad 
be dido ’tget an invite to the re-elect Dec. 
15th,” referring to a campaign evem. 

Mr. Knight’s note to the Democratic 
National Committee’s finance director, 
Richard Sullivan, said the oversight was 
“your fault.” 

Mr. Gore also scribbled notes on the 
call sheet, quoting Mr. May as saying * ‘I 
will,” and “Yes.” 

Mr. May, who had given $50,000 the 
month before, gave a total of $180,000 in 
soft money to the Democratic National 
Committee during the election cycle. 

1 White House aides said Tuesday that 
r the information now coming to light did 
not contradict what Mr. Gene had said 
before about his fund-raising. But it 
does stand in contrast to his bland and 
imprecise descriptions last March of the 

The Senate Governmental Affairs 
Committee, led by Senator Fred 
Thompson, Republican of Tennessee, 
will be examining Mr. Gore’s fund- 
raising activities in derail when it begins 
a second round of hearings next month. 

The Hard Work in Math Adds Up 

Average College Board Test Score of 511 Is Highest in 26 Years 

t "Mr, HUlkm/Th* tfmnjlrW IVou 

Vice President Gore sought contributions of from $25,000 to $100,000 

Set for Fight 
On Subpoena 

By William H. Honan 

Nme York Times Servi ce 

NEW YORK — American students 
showed continued improvement in 
mathematics this year on the Scholastic 
Assessment Tests, the College Board 
has announced, 

The 1 . 1 million students who rook the 
widely used college entrance examin- 
ations scored an average of 51 1 on die 
mathematics section of the College 
Board’s reasoning test — three points 
higher than last year’s average and the 
highest in 26 years. Their average score 
on the verbal section was 505, the same 
as last year. 

As it did last year, the board attributed 
the overall increase in Che math scores to 
more students’ taking harder courses, 
including those that lead to the board's 
Advanced Placement tests. 

A record 32,000 students qualified to 
enter college this autumn as sopho- 
mores or juniors on the basis of the 
credit they received through the Ad- 
vanced Placement examinations. 

Minority students made up 32 percent 
of the test takers, up from 22 percent a 
decade ago. Except for Mexican- Amer- 


lean students, minority students con- 
tinued to either maintain the same 
scores or show improvement on the 

“This is encouraging progress over- 
all.” said the president of College 
Board, Donald Stewart, although “non- 
Asian minorities still lag significantly 
behind whites and Asian- Americans in 
academic preparation for college.” 

He said he was especially pleased to 
see that women were talking college 
entrance tests in greater numbers. 

Women are also improving at almost 
the same rate as men, gaining two points 
to the men's three points on math. Both 
men and women maintained the same 
average scores in the verbal test. 

Women make up 59 percent of stu- 
dents who rake advanced placement 

In addition, more women than men 
said they planned to go on for master’s 
and Ph.D. degrees, a reversal of the 
situation a decade ago. 

Mr. Stew an acknowledged that “not 
all is rosy” because the practice of easy- 
grading by teachers in secondary 
schools was “still a problem.” 

But even as he praised the virtues of 

By Doreen Carvajal 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — The New York pub- 
lishing house of William Morrow & Co. 
is battling with Whitewater prosecutors 
over an unfinished manuscript for a 
memoir by Webster Hubbell, the fallen 
Justice Department official and Clinton 

Morrow's lawyers were scheduled to 
appear in federal court in New York on 
Wednesday, seeking to quash a sub- 
poena issued by the office of White- 
water independent counsel. Kenneth 
Stair, that they say is so sweeping that it 
would entitle prosecutors to “ ‘each page 
of each draft as it comes out of the word 

“I have never seen a subpoena this 
broad,” said Victor A. Kovner, a lawyer 
representing Morrow. “You might as 
well connect the modem between Mor- 
row’s editor and Mr. Starr’s office.” 

In its challenge to the subpoena. Mor- 
row argues that publishers, like jour- 
nalists, deserve a "qualified privilege 
under the First Amendment” to protect 
their notes and unpublished material 
from disclosure. 

Mr. Hubbell has come under the scru- 
tiny of Whitewater prosecutors inves- 
tigating whether members of the Clin- 
ton a dm ini s tration may have helped 
arrange consulting contracts for Mr. 
Hubbell to try to dissuade him from 
cooperating with prosecutors. 

The subpoena reflects the govern- 
ment’s continued interest in Mr. Hub- 
bell, one of the president’s closest 
friends and political advisers. Mr. Hub- 
bell served tune in prison for bilking his 
clients and former law partners of al- 
most $400, 000. 

Despite Mr. Hubbell' s prison term, 
Mr. Stan’s .investigators have suggested 
in court that he was never forthcoming 
in their investigation. 

Four subpoenas were issued — to two 
publishers, an agent and an accountant 
who were involved with Mr. Hub bell’s 
efforts to publish “Friends in High 
Places,” a memoir of his plunge from 
the No. 3 official at the Justice De- 
partment to a prisoner serving 18 
months for mail fraud and tax evasion. 

Mr. Hubbell. who was released from 
prison in February, did not respond to 
requests for comment. Deborah Ger- 
shman, a spokeswoman for the inde- 
pendent counsel’s office, also declined 
to comment about the purpose of the 

SQ Thff subpoenas seek all documents 
relating to the financial arrangements 
for the book along writh any material — 
“manuscripts, computer disks, notes, 
recordings” involved in its prep- 
aration. , . 

“There’s no question that subpoenas 
to publishers and journalists interfere 
with their ability to get information and 
disseminate information,’ said Robert 
Sack, a New York lawyer who spe- 
cializes in First .Amendment issues. He 
contends that such demands from pros- 
ecutors have an immediate result 
“Sources dry up." 

Indians Assail Senate Proposals 

SEATTLE — With little debate and no public hearings, 
a Senate subcommittee last month approved two measures 
that would knock out some of the oldest principles in how 
the nation's 554 American Indian tribes are governed, and 
deprive them of basic operating funds if they do not agree to 
the changes. 

Little noticed in Washington, where they were buried as 
riders on a spending bill freighted wiih the fate of the 
National Endowment for the Arts and money for new 
parklands, the proposed changes have caused a furor. 

The tribes say Congress is trying to strip them of sov- 
ereignty because of a perception that Indian reservations 
are prospering with casino gambling, disregarding the fact 
that most remain among the poorest places in the nation. 

The architect of the riders. Senator Slade Gorton, said the 
measures were part of a campaign for a fundamental change 
in Indian affairs. “I find nothing in any Indian treaty that 
says they must be continuously supported by tile federal 
taxpayers,” the Washington Republican said. (NYT) 

Another Opposes Weld as Envoy 

WASHINGTON — A key Republican member of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee joined the committee 
chairman, Jesse Helms. Republican of North Carolina, in 
publicly opposing confirmation of the former Massachusetts 
governor. William Weld, as ambassador to Mexico and 

called on President Bill Clinton to withdraw Mr. Weld's 

Senator Paul Coverdell, Republican of Georgia, chair- 
man of the panel's subcommittee for the Western Hemi- 
sphere and international narcotics, criticized Mr. Weld's 
“confrontational' ' fight for the post, questioned his dip- 
lomatic skills and said the job requires “someone with 
significant experience" in O.S.-Mexican relations, espe- 
cially in light of Mexico's problems with drug trafficking. 
“It is ray opinion that the situation in Mexico has escalated 
to such proportions that our ambassador should be for the 
foreseeable future in a category that calls for the most senior 
of foreign service officers, not unlike Moscow or Bosnia,” 
Mr. Coverdell said, 

Mr. Coverdell also joined Mr. Helms in questioning 
whether Mr. Weld, who has supported medicinal use of 
marijuana, is sufficiently committed to fighting dross. 
“Whoever serves as ambassador to Mexico must also be 
seen as having an absolutely unquestioned commitment to 
the war on drugs,” he said. ( WP) 

Quote! Unquote 

James Dobson, the head of the conservative Christian 
group Focus on the Family, calling for support of a boycott 
of Walt Disney products to express objection to films that 
he says promote violence and homosexuality: “We can 
certainly let our constituency know that Disney is no longer 
friendly to the family and call attention to the immoral 
material they are now producing.” (APi 

this year's crop of college-bound stu- 
dents, others interpreted the survey re- 
sults more darkly. 

John Katzman, president of Princeton 
Review, a test-preparation service, said 
women were still scoring 40 points 
lower than men on the College Board's 
math test because the questions on 
the tests were easier for men chan wom- 

‘ ‘It's just mind-boggling that the Col- 
lege Board would celebrate the fact that 
more women are going to college and 
graduate school than in the past when 
probably the greatest force against 
women in higher education is the Col- 
lege Board,' 1 he said. 

Bob Schaeffer, a spokesman for the 
National Center for Fair and Open Test- 
ing, an organization that nas long 
been critical of College Board, said 
“gender bias” in College Board tests 
continued to deprive women of equal 
access to National Merit Scholarship 

Mr. Stewart dismissed the accusa- 
tions of Mr. Katzman and Mr. Schaeffer 
as “unfounded,” saying that “wom- 
en's scores had been increasing sig- 
nificantly in both verbal and math.” 

Away From Politics 

• The number of injuries blamed on 
personal watercraft machines, com- 
monly known by the brand name Jet Ski, 
quadrupled over the first half of the 
1 990s, the Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention said. In the same period, 
the number of machines tripled. (AP) 

• U-S. nuclear weapons have been re- 
moved from 10 states over the past five 
years, leaving New Mexico with the 
most at about 2,850, according to a 
report by private researchers. (AP) 

• A 20-year-old student who drank 

himself to death was among a dozen 
people found passed out at a fraternity 
house at Louisiana State University, 
which was recently listed among the 
nation’s top 10 party schools. Three 
others were hospitalized. (AP) 

• Promise Keepers, a Christian men's 

group, whose devotees have packed sta- 
diums across the country, said it ex- 
pected to draw several hundred thou- 
sand men to Washington on Oct. 4 for a 
spiritual rally. (WP) 

• A tree, toppled by a storm, crashed 

onto a pickup truck, killing two men, a 
woman and a child, near Yakima, 
Washington. f AP) 

New Satellite 
Out of Touch, 
NASA Admits 

By Curt Suplee 

Washin gton Post Service 

contact with a $50 million Earth-ob- 
servation satellite that was launched 
only days ago. 

Ground controllers discovered Tues- 
day that the Lewis satellite — placed in 
orbit 200 miles (320 kilometers.) high 
early Saturday — was spinning out of 
control at about two revolutions a 
minute, officials said. 

So far, the most likely cause is the 
accidental firing of one of the satellite's 
thrusters. “But that's pure specula- 
tion," said Samuel Venneri, chief tech- 
nologist at headquarters of fee National 
Aeronautics and Space Administra- 

Because of the rotation, the satellite's 
solar power generators apparently were 
unable to provide sufficient electricity 
to keep fee onboard batteries charged, 
making communication impossible. 
Four attempts to contact the spacecraft 
were unsuccessful, but officials at 
NASA and at TRW Space & Electronics 
Group in California, which built the 
satellite, remained optimistic. 

“We have approximately three weeks 
to look at what happened,” Mr. Venneri 
said. “Thai’s plenty of time,” he added, 
to try to get fee high-tech arbiter to 
respond and to order it to fire the ap- 
propriate thrusters to counter the spin. 

After three weeks, fee satellite will 
have lost so much velocity from at- 
mospheric drag feat it will plummet 
toward Earth. If that were to happen. 
Mr. Venneri said, the 850-pound (390- 
JoJogram) satellite would almost cer- 
tainly bum up in fee atmosphere. 





In a ConsideraWe Chunk of Wffit Texas, 
There’s No Such Thing as a Quick Beer 

no beer, 

cities of Lubbock ona^v^uu. , h 

restaurants and convenience stores 

seen a steady decline in the number of coun 5 

keep alcohol out over the last wo feaufes. 

Nationwide. 406 counties (of « ’ lOTl31 “ 

dry, according to the last survey taken, in 19 . 

This is partly because of fee pervasive influence of fee 
Southern Baptist Church, and partly because people in this 
pan of Texas like it feat way. Their tiny towns retain an 
aura of old-fashioned wholesoraeness. 

And those who want can always hop in the car, drive to 
the nearest wet county and stock up. 

“What’s fee big deal?” asks the Reverend Bill Wright 

of Plains. .. . 

“People have to go a long ways to get anything around 

ibis part of fee country.” 

Short Take 

After Brvce McCollister’s parents called the police 
Sunday in Toledo, Ohio, to say their 5-year-old was 
missing, officers searched fee house in vain. 

About 200 volunteers combed parks and nearby coro- 

fie Finally, hours later, an officer spotted an arm protruding 
from a large pile of clothes in the family's basement. Biyce 
had fallen asleep while playing hide-and-seek wife his 

Drofeers.^, ^ ^ j ust hiding, Mora,’ ” said Irene 
McCoUist er. “I said, ‘I guess you won.’ ” j 

Brian Knowlton 




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Chinese Set Date for Party Congress 

Jiang, as Deng’s Heir , Faces Test of Strength Against ‘ Leftists ’ 

Gaaptttd by Oar SafFami Dbp&ria 

BEUING — Chinese leaders on 
Wednesday set a date for a major Com- 
munist Party congress that will appor- 
tion important jobs among the country’s 
most powerful politicians. 

The Politburo, the apex of party 
power, decided that the congress will 
open Sept. 12, the stale-run Xinhua 
news agency reported. Xinhua did not 
ann ounce a closing dale; the last two 
congresses, in 1992 and 1987, each las- 
ted a week. 

Tbe opening date is earlier than polit- 
ical watchers in the capital had 

“The congress will draw up a stra- 
tegic blueprint for the cross-century de- 
velopment in the country’s reforms, 
opening up, and the socialist modern- 
ization drive," Xinhua said. 

The announcement followed weeks 
of closed-door meetings among the se- 
cretive political elite at their seaside 
playground, Beidaihe. 

Party congresses are held once every 
Five years to choose a new Central Com- 
mittee, the party's policy-making body; 
a secretariat to handle die committee’s 
daily affairs; the Politburo, usually 
composed of two dozen of the most 

powerful leaders, and the even more 
exclusive standing committee. 

This year, the task Falls to 2,048 del- 
egates; national leaders, military brass, 
top bureaucrats, local politicians and 
model workers. 

Reformers and hard-line leftists have 
been jockeying for position in the run- 
up to the congress. 

The party’s general secretary, Jiang 
Zemin, hopes to -use the congress to 
deepen his influence. The congress is 
his second, but his first without his 
mentor, Deng Xiaoping, who died in 
February at age 92. 

Congress members are also expected 
to endorse a blueprint for major eco- 
nomic and political initiatives for the 
next five years, especially a plan to 
revitalize inefficient, bankrupt stale in- 
dustries. Mr. Jiang appeared certain to 
use the congress to win a vote of con- 
fidence for his bold plan to reduce tire 
role of die state in the economy. 

The blueprint has already been re- 
viewed, debated and revised by more 
than 4,000 officials, Xinhua said. 

The meeting will “revie w the century 

of struggle by China's people and peer 
for development 

ahead to the prospects for < 
in the first SO years of the next century," 

Xinhua said. 

Delegates also will look to promote 
younger members to the leading groups 
as part of an effort to rejuvenate the 
party, Xinhua said. 

The success of Mr. Jiang in asserting 
his grip on power, and his credentials as 
Mr. Deng’s heir, were underlined by 
Wednesday's announcement which 
was filled with party rhetoric and party 
slogans associated with reform. 

’The congress will hold high the 
great banner of Deng Xiaoping’s theory 
of building socialism with Chinese 
characteristics,” Xinhua said. 

Mr. Deng took ibe phrase 4 ’socialism 
with Chinese characteristics" as the 
watchword for his reforms in an ideo- 
logical sleight of hand that enabled him 
to push through changes seen by power- 
ful orthodox Marxists — or leftists — as 
ideologically incorrect 

In recent months, the leftists, a small 
but influential group, have intensified 
attacks on Mr. Deng's capitalist-style 
reforms, rekindling a debate on whether 
China should have embraced such non- 
Marxist concepts as free markets, 
private enterprise and stock exchanges. 

Mr. Jiang has called for vigilance 
against leftism. (AP. Reuters) 

China: The New Tobacco Battleground 

By Seth Faison 

New York Tunes Service 

BEIJING — As health ex- 
perts from around the world 
gathered here this week for a 
conference on smoking, it 
seemed obvious to many that 
China would become the 
world's next and largest 
battleground between to- 
bacco companies and anti- 
smoking activists. 

The enormous size of 
China's smoking population 
— 320 million — poses a 
dauntingly large challenge to 
health experts, just as it offers 
a hugely lucrative market for 
tobacco salesmen. 

The numbers are stagger- 
ing. Chinese smokers con- 
sume 1.7 trillion cigarettes 
each year, or roughly one of 
every three cigarettes in the 

As health officials here 
take their first steps toward 
recognizing the risks asso- 
ciated with smoking, they 
say they know that smoking 

is still on the rise and is grow- 
ing with an alarming speed 
among young people whose 
incomes and social mobility 
are expanding. 

Most vulnerable. Chinese 
officials say, are men under 
the age of 29. 

“If they continue to smoke 
throughout their lives, 100 
million people will eventu- 
ally be killed by tobacco," 
said Chen Minzhang, min- 
ister of public health. “Half 
of these deaths will occur be- 
fore age 70.” 

Landmark tobacco cases 
being decided in the United 
States this year, like the 
$11.3-biUion settlement in 
Florida this week, weigh on 
the minds of Chinese offi- 
cials as well, though the idea 
of a similar lawsuit against a 
Chinese tobacco producer 
still seems far in die future. 

For one thing, tobacco 
companies in China are vir- 
tually all state-owned add 
provide about 10 percent of 
the government's overall 

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th>; worlds luira NEvsrcvrcR 

revenue, or $4.9 billion. In 
addition, China National To- 
bacco Corp., the nation’s 
main exporter of cigarettes, 
sells $650 million worth of 
Chinese cigarettes overseas 
each year. 

"The biggest cigarette 
company in the world is die 
Chinese government, not 
Philip Morris." said Judith 
Mackay, a health expert 
based in Hong Kong who 
helped organize die confer- 
ence. “Like any govern- 
ment, they're caught be- 
tween the historical 
acceptance and tax benefits 
of tobacco and the respon- 
sibility to the health of their 

Foreign cigarette makers 
like Philip Morris and British 
American Tobacco and RJ. 
Reynolds already have a big 
presence in China, though it 
is not clear exactly how large. 
Industry officials acknowl- 
edge that a sizable share of 
the cigarettes sold overseas 
pass through smuggling 
rings. By official figures, im- 
ported cigarettes account for 
4 percent of those sold in 
China, but the real figure is 
likely much higher. 

To counter the argument 
that as a developing country, 
China needs the revenue 
from cigarette sales, health 
officials estimate that smok- 
ing-related diseases and fires 
cost China's government 
$7.8 billion a year, far more 
than tobacco brings in. 

In the past few years, 
Chinese officials have begun 
to take steps to counter 
smoking. They formally 
banned it in such public 
places as hospitals, schools, 
railway stations, and govern- 
ment offices this year. But 

smoking is so widespread 
that enforcement is uneven, 
and barely beginning in 
many cities. 

“Chinese people love to 
smoke,’ ' said Zhao Mlnbai, a 
37-year-old bicycle repair- 
man in Beijing, as he puffed 
on a Marlboro. "I've been 
smoking 20 years. Very hard 
to change that habit” 

Not long ago. senior 
Chinese . leaders chain 
smoked through public meet- 
ings, most notably Deng 
Xiaoping, who finally quit a 
few years before his death in 
February at age 92. Today, 
however, most leaders seem 
firmly committed to limiting 
tobacco consumption. 

"The Chinese govern- 
ment has adopted a number 
of laws and regulations de- 
signed to promote smoking 
control efforts and dissem- 
inate related information to 
the general public,” Presi- 
dent Jiang Zemin said at the 
opening session of the con- 
ference Monday. 

Dr. Mackay argued that 
simply holding an interna- 
tional conference on smok- 

M*- 5 WHk AvatftMol Piew 

TAIWAN HUSTINGS — Below a banner of past and present party 
leaders, delegates to the Nationalist Party's congress campaigning in 
Taipei on Wednesday for spots on the party's central committee- 

Thai Soldier 
Dies in Clash 
Near Border 

The Associated Press 

CHONG CHOM PASS, Thailand^ 7 
Intense fighting with heavy artflloy^ 
mortars and small arms erupted - 
Wednesday between the warring Cam- 
bodian factions, killing a Thai soldier 
and wounding two others when several 
shells exploded over the border. 

The fighting was the heaviest in two '; 
weeks around the Cambodian border. - ^ 
village of O’Sraach. where eHt- , 
numbered and outgunned soldiers loyaTV 
to die deposed co-prime ministeiW 
Prince Norodom Ranariddh, have put V 
up a stubborn defense against the axmy - : 
of Cambodia's strongman, Hun Sen. 

Observers speculated that Mr. Hun- - 
Sen’s forces were launching a major - ; 
assault against Prince Ranariddh's sol-. 
diers, who have held out against long 
odds from hilltop positions heavily 
ringed by mines for two weeks. But 
there was no indication that the prince's 
men were retreating. 

A Ranariddh spokesman, speaking on 
condition of anonymity, said seven roy- 
alist soldiers were wounded in what be 
called “eye-to-eye’ ’ combat He did not 

report any deaths but added that fightipg 

was expected to intensify Thursday. ; 

Thailand ’s Foreign Ministry pro- .. 
tested the shelling inside its territory, 
saying it would do “everything to pro- ■. 
tect Thai lives and property." A min^ 
icrrv ctatmiMit said Thailand was acain t.i 

c oii»p ■ 

.rf# • 1 

S8s? - 

*1* U • 

Sep*- ^ 2-‘ 

m f-i-r.'- 
former ^ 

fall.*' 1 ”;.---. 

of them 





jsny frtatenrant said Thailand was again 
calling for a peaceful solution to the 
conflict in Cambodia. 

After a morning of intermittent ex- 
changes, Mr. Hun Sen’s artillery opened 
up at 3 P.M. Wednesday with a heavy 
barrage on O’Smach, which was_aban- 
doned by civilians Aug. 19 when 22,800 
people sought refuge in Thailand; 


ing in Beijing has had a sig- 

ficant effect on Chinese 

“Cigarette advertising has 
disappeared in Beijing in the 
last few months," Dr. Mack- 
ay said. “They really put 
their best foot forward.” 

There are other encour- 
aging signs, Chinese officials 
say. Tobacco production in 
China fell for the first time in 
1996, slipping 1.2 percent 
after average annual growth 
of about 9 percent in the 
1980s, said Weng Xinzhi, 
vice president of the Chinese 
Association on Smoking and 

Heavy Rains Kill 37 in Pakistan 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Heavy' rains have killed at 
least 37 people and flooded rivers in Pakistan's central 
province of Punjab, government officials said Wednes- 

The deaths occurred in rain-related incidents overnight 
and Wednesday in the provincial capita) of Lahore and 
elsewhere in the province, where neatly 400 villages have 
been hit by the belated monsoon rains. Most of the dead 
were crushed when houses collapsed- the officials said. 

Incessant rains since Tuesday have swollen rivers, which 
are threatening several towns, mostly along the Jheium 
River, which flows into Pakistan from the Himalayan region 
of Kashmir, officials said. (Reuters) 

U.S .-Japanese defense ties, die Kyodo news agency re- 

The ambassadors made the request during a meeting at a 
Tokyo hotel with policymakers of the governing Liberal 
Democratic Party and its two noncabinet allies, the report 

The United States and Japan plan to sign new bilateral 

nd Jap 

defense guidelines. ASEAN ho: 

lopes the guidelines will en- 
hance peace in the region, the onici 

icials said. 



Jakarta and Manila Sign Deal 

JAKARTA — Indonesia and die Philippines signed an 
agreement Wednesday to- strengthen military cooperation. 
The accord was signed by the Indonesian defense and 

Poverty Has Plummeted in Asia 

security minister. General EdiSudradjat, and thefflitgppg 

WASHINGTON — Poverty has declined faster in Asia 
than anywhere in the world thanks to strong economic 
growth, but Dearly 1 billion people from Mongolia to India 
still live on less than $1 a day, a World Bank report said. 

Poverty has been largely eradicated in China and in the 
four Asian “tiger” economies of Hong Kong, South Korea, 
Singapore and Taiwan. It also has sharply declined in 
Indonesia and Thailand, the report said. 

"This decline in poverty is probably completely un- 
precedented in human history,” said Michael Walton, who 
helped edit the report. But he said there is rising concern 
about those who remain destitute. (AP) 

Philippine defense secretary. General Renato,de Vi 
General Sudradjai said the agreement would serve as ait 
umbrella for security and defense matters' between ihewb 
nations. “In general this cooperation is merely bilateral in 
nature, and is not intended to be a military pact,” he said. 

General Renato said he discussed the possibility of 
buying Indonesian-made turboprop military aircraft with 
Jakarta’s research and technology minister. (AP) 

5 Chinese Jailed for Panda Sale 

ASEAN Queries Japan Defense 

TOKYO — Ambassadors of countries from the As- 
sociation of South East Asian Nations urged Japan on 
Wednesday to clarify the geographical scope of expanded 

BEUING — A court here has sentenced five men to 
prison terms of seven to 14 years for selling the pelt af a , J j 
giant panda, an official report said Wednesday. 

The five men, three from the Hebei Province and two 
from Sichuan Province — where the panda is native — were 
caught in January while trying to sell the pelt for 200,000 
yuan ($24,000 ). the Beijing Daily newspaper reported. •• 
The giant panda is an endangered species that is native 
only to China. Only 1,000 are thought to be alive in the 
wild. (AP) 



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On Ballot, Poland Will Note Ex-Informers 

By Christine Spolar 

Wgrthlgfgii Post Service 

WARSAW — Eight years after the 
collapse, of Communist rule, Poles are 
stiJI on the lookout for the Big Lie. After 
one botched witcb hunt and a half-dozen 
attempts to design laws to ferret out 
former secret agents, Poland has em- 
barked anew on a quest to identify one- 
tune Communist collaborators. 

Under a law that took effect this 
month, candidates for Parliament must 
declare in writing if they were ever 
secret informers or if they collaborated 
with the secret police in the Soviet-style 
* regime that manacled Poland for four 
- decades. 

With parliamentary elections less 
fpiban a month away, the effort may make 
for a political season unlike anything 
this young democracy has seen. 

There is no chance anyone will go to 
jail for admitting to being a toady for a 
hated dictatorship. Instead, candidates 
face the wrath of an electorate that will 
be banded ballots noting a dmiss ions of 

Another reckoning comes after the 
Sept 21 election. Newly elected of- 
ficials — and such incumbents as Pres- 
ident Aleksander Kwasniewski, a 
former Communist — face a judicial 
evaluation of their statements. A special 
commission of judges, to be chosen this 
fall, will review them and decide if any 
of them lied about their past 

Stakes are high for those who are 
proved Jiars; they will be banned from 
elected and appointed office for 10 

r The Polish experiment is the latest of 

several controversial attempts by East- 

ern Europe to come to grips with its 
Communist past. The debate over who 
should pay the price of tyranny in Po- 
land has resonated in every election 
campaign since this nation of 38 million 
P 0 ” 5 m free elections 

in 1989. 

Opinion polls show the public largely 
supports attempts to confront these hard 
questions — particularly since the elec- 
toral victory by former Communists in 
1993. But the question is whether the 
experience of looking back will help 
heal or deepen the wounds. 

“The reality is. in these countries, 
they probably have to do something to 
address the issue,” said Neil Kritz, ed- 
itor of an exhaustive three- volume study 
called * ‘Transitional Justice,' 1 pub- 
lished by Washington's U.S. Institute of 
Peace. “But nobody’s figured out a 
good way to do it.” 

This summer, Hungary is begi nnin g 
to enforce a law aimed at scrutinizing 
how and why certain people — most 
notably elected officials — served 
secret police agencies in its past. 

Czechoslovakia moved years ago to 
root out Communist operatives in 1991, 
when the Czech Parliament voted to ban 
persons from office based on r ank and 
association with the Communist Party 
and on accusations found in secret po- 
lice files. 

Politicians confronted with evidence 
were given the choice of disappearing 
quietly from the political scene or, in 
essence, being exposed. Today, the pro- 
cess in what is now the Czech Republic 
continues as individual citizens are al- 
lowed to request a glimpse of their own 

Screening — formally known as lus- 

tration, a term th3t connotes ritual puri- 
fication — has been a much debated 
method of justice. Although screening 
laws were meant to prevent secret 
agents from blocking reforms or harm- 
ing the new democracies, human-rights 
organizations criticized the methods 
and the scope of the Czech law, as well 
as those enacted in Germany and Bul- 

The process wrongly imposed guilt 
by association, human rights groups 
said Also, the laws and files that formed 
the basis for retribution were sometimes 
used for political gain. 

In some cases, dissidents of the 1 960s 
were tarred by allegations that effec- 
tively eliminated them from political 
office in the 1 990s. In other well-pub- 
licized episodes, men who fought Com- 
munist rule were hounded out of post- 
Communisi legislatures based on secret 
files, despite their protests that the files 
contained lies or misrepresentations. 

Poland suffered through one such 
form of political manipulation in 1992. 
Interior Minister Antoni Macierewicz 
gave to Parliament a list of alleged col- 
laborators that included opponents of 
then-Prime Minister Jan Olszewski. 
The list, put together by a team of ap- 
parently untested and untrained inves- 
tigators. was exposed as foil of inac- 
curacies. The Olszewski government 
was broadly criticized and fell. 

After some tortuous debate, the cur- 
rent Parliament has approved a form of 
screening that- puts the onus on the pub- 
lic servants themselves; it is a truth test 
for today’s officials. But the process is 
jeopardized by the very files that hold 
the secrets. 

No one disputes that the secret police 


‘Rhetoric’ and Risk in the Mideast 

Robert Pelletreau was assistant 
US. secretary of state for Near East- 
ern affairs from February 1994 to 
January 1997 and ser\'ed previously 
as ambassador to Egypt, Tunisia and 
Bahrain. Mr Pelletreau, now prac- 
ticing law. spoke in Washington with 
Brian Knowlton of the International 
Herald Tribune. 

Q. We seem to be ar an exceedingly 
dangerous stage in the Middle East. 
Just how dire is the situation? 

A. There’s no question that the situ- 
ation is deteriorating. Not only is there 
no active peace process under way, 
there is a growing lack of confidence 
between the two sides. This is true 
primarily on the Israeli-Palestinian 
front, but also on the Israeli- Arab front 
more generally. 


• Q. What do you make of the talk by 
a Hamas spokesman of the possibility 
of ah armed intifada, or uprising? 

A. At this stage it is more rhetoric 
than reality, intended partially far 
American ears. After all, the United 
Stales has just taken the first steps of a 
new initiative, and that means that the 
parties are already beginning to en- 
gage with the United States, as well as 
with each other. 

Q. But what about Yasser Arafat's 
embrace of Hamas? Is this a sign of 
weakness, is it a cynical provocation, 
or is it a calculated message? 

A. I T hink it's the outcome of the 
current situation, with no negotiations, 
with the Palestinian community in 
general under pressure from Israeli 
action, and criticism growing against 
Mr. Arafat among the Palestinians. 

I think it’s understandable that Mr. 
Arafat tries to project himself as the 
leader of the entire Palestinian com- 
munity, not just one element, so they 
called this unity conference (at which 
the embrace occurred]. But 1 don t 
think there is any growing trust or real 
coordination between Mr. Arafat and 

Q. What would happen if Mr. Ara- 
fat were to do what Israel wants and 
launch a full-scale crackdown on 

Q&A / Robert Pelletreau 

Hamas? Does he lack the strength to 
do what Israel wants? 

A. I think the strength is there. But 
it’s easier to say than it is to do. be- 
cause so much of what Hamas, and 
particularly Pales tine- Isl ami c Jihad, 
might have in the way of terrorist-type 
cells is going to be underground^ is 
going lo be clandestine. 


Q. Are we seeing any cooperation 
now between the Palestinians and the 

A. There is ongoing cooperation 
between Mr. Arafat 's security services 
and the Israeli security services. My 
feeling is there's more’ going on than 
has come oul It’s frankly very much in 
Mr. Arafat’s interests to cooperate 
with the Israelis. 

Q. How great are the dangers in the 
next month or two? 

A. The flare-up in south Lebanon is 
potentially quite serious, because 
there are no negotiations at all going 
on that can shift the attention from it or 
be some land of pressure valve for it. 
Escalation is already occurring on 
both sides, and emotions are high. 


Q. What specifically can Secretary 
of Stale Madeleine Albright hope to 
accomplish when she visits the area 
next month? 

A. I think it’s very positive that the 
United States has decided to become 
re-engaged in the issue. Had that not 
been the case, the risks would have 
been much higher of sliding backward. 
The next step has to be for die parties 
to reengage at die political level, and 
that, I think, is something that Sec- 
retary Albright can help bring about. 

She will see the leadership on both 
sides. If she can get them to agree to 
come back at the political level instead 
of die technical level, that’s what 1 
would see as being a very positive 

Q. Some of his critics say thai Ben- 

jamin Netanyahu lacks the vision or 
the strength or the firm grasp of his- 
torical necessities that somebody like 
Yitzhak Rabin had. 

A. I think it's unfair to compare him. 
or frankly any other Israeli leader, to 
Mr. Rabin. 

Mr. Rabin had an extraordinary as- 
sociation with the state of Israel right 
from his very first actions as a young 
fighter defending Jerusalem. His in- 
volvement with the state of Israel is 
really unmatched. 

Mr. Netanyahu has shown he can be 
pragmatic. But I think his real chal- 
lenge is to find a way to engage in a 
cohesive peace policy. 

Q. In another country you know a 
lot about, Iran, the election of Mo- 
hammed Khatami as president has 
brought new- talk of a possible turn to 
moderation — yet many times such 
hopes have been raised only to be 

A. The election of Mr. Khatami is a 
very important development He was 
not the candidate of the religious es- 
tablishment: he was voted in by youth, 
by women and by a protest vote — 
against clerical mismanagement, cor- 
ruption. whatever you want to call it It 
is significant that the election was al- 
lowed to stand, that now he has chosen 
a cabinet that has a lot of new faces, 
and has gotten approval from the Ma- 

If it transpires that Mt Khatami can 
develop a field of cooperation with the 
more moderate members of the pre- 
vious government you might see the 
whole center of gravity of Iranian pol- 
itics moving toward a more liberal 
base. I think that would be a very 
positive thing. 

The U.S. reaction. 1 think, has been 
just about right. It signals that the 
United States had no quarrel with the 
Iranian people, and that we would be 
looking for actions, not just words. 

files are incomplete and were vulner- 
able to manipulation in the first years of 
Poland's shift to democracy. 

Those files, however, will be the 
basis for judicial review. Judges will 
have to investigate and decide just what 
to believe from the files — and how 
disputes can, if ever, be fairly bandied. 
Persons who possess secret files and 
refuse to band them to the court are the 
only ones liable for imprisonment. 

Deficiencies in the law are apparent 
even to some of its supporters. The 
definition of collaboration is not clear. 
There is no distinction between those 
who wanted to hurt democratic oppo- 
nents of Poland’s Communist govern- 
ment and those who were forced to 
cooperate with it 

The law does not define which files 
are to be used for review or where the 
files are now. The average person does 
not have access to his or her own files. In 
addition, judges on the 21-member re- 
view commission must be approved by 
the justice minister. They apparently 
must also be screened, but there are no 
criteria for that process. 

Timing remains murky. The law spe- 
cifies no timetable for charges. So far, of 
die 6.6S9 candidates running for the 460 
seats in Poland's lower bouse and 319 
running for 100 Senate seats, 1 1 have 
identified themselves as collaborators. 

Once the election is over, the judicial 
commission will have to review all can- 
didates' cases. All members of Par- 
liament, the president, high-level ap- 
pointees, thousands of judges and 
prosecutors and heads of influential 
state-run agencies, such as Polish radio 
and television, will come under the mi- 

Mir’s Repairs 
Restore Under 
50% of Power 


MOSCOW — Repairs to the Mir 
space station have restored less than half 
the power that engineers expected. Mis- 
sion Control officials said Wednesday. 

A broken motor for some of the craft’s 
solar panels was a key factor in limiting 
the restoration of power, they said. 

The Mir lost about 40 percent of the 
station’s overall power when a cargo 
resupply ship crashed into its Spektr 
module on June 25. 

Right officials expected to restore 
much of that power after repairs last 
Friday to electric cables in the Spektr. 
Bui a faulty motor, which should orient 
the module's solar panels toward the 
sun, has reduced the electricity output. 

“The motors still aren't working, but 
it’s not a big problem because they are 
still getting more power than they had 
before,” said a Mission Control spokes- 
man. Rufina Amosova. “The amount 
they get depends on their position to the 

On Wednesday, the crew did some 
unplanned work on the oxygen-gener- 
ating system, which faltered Monday, 
said a duty flight operator, Viktor 

The crew also continued work on 
reviving three scientific modules con- 
nected to Mir’s core that were shut 
down after the accident in June. 

Ms. Amosova said the crew re- 
powered sections of the Kvanr-2 and 
Kri stall modules. 

Yuri Sfcursky , deputy head of the Mis- 
sion Control analysis group, said that 
about 100 amps of electricity were flow- 
ing into Kris tail from Spektr *s solar ar- 
rays, with 40 amps more going to Kyant- 
2. Priroda was not getting any electricity. 
NASA’s spokeswoman at Mission Con- 
trol outside Moscow. Kate Maliga, said 
officials hoped to get more than 300 
amps total power from Spektr’s solar 
panels if its motors can be repaired. 


Finance Minister Theo Waigel leaving his Bonn home on Wednesday. 

Kohl and Waigel 
Discuss Cabinet 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl held talks with Finance Minister 
Theo Waigel over calls Mr. Waigel 
has made for a cabinet reshuffle, co- 
alition sources said Wednesday. 

The sources gave no further details 
of the Tuesday evening meeting, but 
said it was lengthy. 

Mr. Kohl told reporters in Berlin he 
had discussed the subject of a cabinet 
reshuffle with Mr. Waigel. but re- 
peated that he had no plans to change 
his team before next year's general 

“As I said the other day, there will 
be no cabinet reshuffle,” Mr. Kohl 
said. f Reuters ) 

Russian Publisher 
Is Slain in Moscow 

MOSCOW — Unidentified gun- 
men shot and killed the head of a 
major Russian publishing house in 
Moscow, in what appeared to be a 
contract killing, the Interfax press 
agency reported Wednesday. 

Alexander Knitik. director of 
Drofa Publishers, which puis out 80 
percent of the educational literature in 
Russia, was gunned down late Tues- 
day near his home and died on the way 
to the hospital, the police said. 

A previous manager of Drofa Pub- 
lishers. Vladimir Veshnyakov, was 
murdered in November 1996. Inter- 
fax reported. (AFPi 

Italy Tries to Defuse 
Row Over Cyprus 

ROME — Italy said Wednesday it 
recognizes only the Cyprus govern- 
ment and not the breakaway Turkish- 

Cypriot north of the island, as it 
sought to defuse a dispute with 
Greece and the Greek Cypriots. 

The Foreign Ministry said in a 
statement that Italy "only recognizes 
the Republic of Cyprus,” adding that 
accession talks between the European 
Union and Cyprus would help resolve 
the division of the island. 

Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini 
sparked a controversy when he re- 
portedly said EU membership talks 
should "involve both the internation- 
ally recognized Cyprus government, 
made up of Greek Cypriots, and rhe 
Turkish-Cypriot north. The Greek 
media quoted Mr. Dini as saying after 
a meeting Tuesday with his Turkish 
counterpart, Ismail Cem. that there 
are “two republics in Cyprus, two 
entities, two governments. ' ‘ (AFP) 

Havel Has Checkup 
And Takes a Rest 

PRAGUE — President Vaclav 
Havel canceled his official schedule 
for the rest of the week on Wednesday 
after undergoing a routine checkup 
following cancer surgery on his lungs 
last December. 

In a statement. Mr. Havel's spokes- 
man, Ladislav Spacek. said the ex- 
amination showed no new problems, 
but doctors suggested several days 
rest. He said detailed results would be 
evaluated next week. Meetings with 
Czech ambassadors and a dinner v. ith 
parliament leaders were among the 
events canceled. • AT. •uteri , 

For the Record 

Poland’s Sejm, or lower house, 
on Thursday will hold a no-eonfi- 
dence vote in the government, but 
after the coalition reached a com- 
promise on farm policies, the motion 
had virtually no chance of succeed- 
ins. ( Reuters i 

Kohl Supports Krenz Conviction 


BERLIN — Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
on Wednesday backed a manslaughter 
conviction handed to Egon Krenz, East 
Germany’s last hard-line Communist 
leader, and rejected criticism of the ver- 
dict from Mikhail Gorbachev, the last 
Soviet leader. 

“I generally don’t like to comment 
on court cases, but this verdict was 
justified and the criticism from 
Gorbachev was unjustified,” Mr. Kohl 
told reporters in Berlin. 

A Berlin court on Monday sentenced 

Mr. Krenz. 60. to six and a half years in 
jail on four counts of manslaughter re- 
lated to the Cold War killings of refugees 
Dying to t scape over rhe Berlin Wall. 
Two associates received three years. 

Mr. Gorbachev quickly condemned 
the conviction as political and said it had 
no legal or moral justification. 

Mr. Krenz himself has said he would 
appeal the decision, as have state pros- 
ecutors, who were seeking a sentence of 
1 1 years. The prosecutors, meanwhile, 
have lodged an objection to the six-and- 
a-half-year term. 

Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays 

and Saturdays are 



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NATO’s Warning Shots 

Bosnian Serbs Clash Over TV Transmitter 

The Associated Press 

BANJA LUKA, Bosnia-Herzegovina — 
The NATO-led peacekeeping force fired 
warning shots at police loyal to Radovan 
Karadzic on Wednesday during maneuvering 
for a strategic television tower by supporters 
and.opponents of the former president and war 

ous peace in Bosnia have come down on Mrs. 
Plavsic’s side in the two-month, dispute be- 

cmnes suspect. 

Pro-Karadzic media accused the troops of 

firing at the police while seizing the trans- 
miner. The North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 
zation force denied taking control of the tower 
and said its troops fired in the air after a police 
car tried to ram a foot patrol of its soldiers in 
northern Bosnia. 

A NATO spokesman. Major Peter Clarke, 
denied the shots were fired anywhere near the 
transmitter, in Doboj. a town about 70 ki- 
lometers (40 miles) northeast of Banja Luka. 

The accusadons that NATO troops had 
seized the transmitter and shot at the police 
patrol when it approached to investigate were 
carried by SRNA, the Bosnian Serb news 
agency loyal to Mr. Karadzic. It also said 
NATO troops had arrested police at the site. 

The events were sure to further strain the 
atmosphere between the alliance-led force 
and supporters of Mr. Karadzic embroiled in a 
power struggle with the Bosnian Serb pres- 
ident. Biljana Plavsic. NATO and other in- 
ternational organizations overseeing the tenu- 

tween her and Mr. Karadzic. 

Dismantling another piece of his media 
apparatus, opponents of Mr. Karadzic recon- 
figured die Doboj television tower on 
Wednesday to transmit their own material 
instead of programs supporting Mr. Karad- 

The move extended the reach of programs 
produced by supporters of Mrs. Plavsic to die 
northeastern town of Bijeljina, part of ter- 
ritory controlled by the Karadzic faction op- 
posed to her. 

Pro-Plavsic technicians and journalists 
started television broadcasts from Banja Luka 
on Sunday after reconfiguring their firet trans- 
mitter. That move gave Bosnian Serbs the first 
alternative to television controlled from Mr. 
Karadzic's eastern stronghold of Pale since 
the Bosnian Serb sub-state was formally cre- 
ated by the 1 995 Dayton peace accord. 

BOSNIA: Support Wavering Jf * 

, P 

Continued from Page 1 

local Banja Luka television 
station, bat has yet to take 
c omm and of any factories, 
most of which are idle or 
barely functioning. She has 
nothing to counter the vast 
patronage machine that keeps 
Mr. Karadzic ’s supporters be- 
hind him and has-yet to show 
Bosnian Serbs that she can 
make a difference in their 

“In essence, we have to 
help her build a base of sup- 
port,” said a Western dip- 

NATO commanders and 
Western diplomats said they 
would begin to pump aid into 
die western part of the enclave 
under her control Officials 

from the U.S. Agency for In- 
ternational Development, for 

Most Bosnian Serbs depend on television 
as their main source of information, and sup- 

as their main source of information, and sup- 
porters of Mr. Karadzic reacted with outrage, 
equating the separate broadcasting facilities 
with treason. On Tuesday, the pro-Karadzic 
Bosnian Serb assembly demanded that TV 
and radio transmitters be handed back in three 
days. Mrs. Plavsic — who dissolved the as- 
sembly last month — is unlikely to compfy. 


SnJpQ llxc/Tbr- taorurrd IW 

General Colic leaving Mrs. Plavsic's office after a meeting in July in Banja Luka. 

THAIS: Worsening Economy and Discontent Increase Pressure for Thailand's Constitutional Reform 

Continued from Page 1 

The charter was drawn up by a government- 
mandated independent body to curb vote buy- 
ing, corruption, governmental meddling with 
the civil service and other forms of “money 
politics’ 1 that are widespread in Thailand and 
acknowledged in many circles. Critics say 
these practices have undermined public ad- 
ministration in Thailand and have been a 
major cause of the economic crisis. 

Thai politicians are divided over who is 
responsible for the decline of the high-flying 
economy and what should be done to restore 
confidence in government. Those divisions, 
bankers and businessmen say, are aggravating 
the weakness of the baht, the stock marker and 
the economy generally. 

Thai stocks fell Wednesday for the 10th 
straight day. while the baht remained weak, 
partly on fears of continued political instabil- 
ity. ' 

■ ‘I don ’t think the government will last very 

long." said Suchit Bunbongkam, a political 
scientist at Chuialongkom" University. “Can 
it control snowballing public dissatisfaction 
over economic hardship, unemployment and 
business bankruptcies? How long will Thais 
put up with these burdens?" 

In an effort to promote stability. Prem Tin- 
sulanoada, a respected former prime minister 
who advises King Bhumibol Adulyadej, said 
this week that the country could overcome the 
current crisis with "cooperation, unity and 
personal sacrifices for national interests." 

Following Mr. Prem's trail Mr. Chavalit, 
whose government took office in December, 
made a public appeal for time to solve the 
economic problems. 

B ut Surin Pi tsu wan, a senior member of the 
Democrat Party, said the government’s “mis- 
management of the economy cannot be ex- 
cused just like that. They will have to be made 
accountable, and that’s why there is a no- 
confidence motion.” 

Opposition members and other critics said 

that if the government wanted to put the Thai 
economy on a sound political base, it should 
vote for the new draft constitution in Par- 

“If we allow money politics to grow,’ ' said 
Abhisit Vejajiva, a Democrat legislator, "it's 
imposing greater and greater costs on eco- 
nomic and social development. Moreover, 
given the expectations that people have of this 
reform process, if they are frustrated, es- 
pecially at a time when we’re going through 
economic difficulties, there could be con- 

frontation and a lot of public anger.” 

Passage of the draft constitution, which 
would replace one written by the leaders of a 
1991 military coup, requires a two-thirds ma- 

The draft constitution would establish an 
independent election commission to end vote- 
buying and other electoral malpractices. It 
also would require politicians and their fam- 
ilies to reveal their assets before taking of- 

But the charter may face opposition from 
many legislators who spend heavily on vores 
at election time, especially in poor areas of 
Thailand. They regard holding office as a 
chance to grow rich. 

If Parliament rejects the draft, it will go to a 
referendum. Party machines that profit from 
the current system might be able to buy 
enough votes to defeat it. 

Since the government was forced into the 
de facto devaluation July 2, the baht has lost 
over 30 percent of its value. This has 
frightened investors and stoked inflation. 

The Thai economy is expected to grow by 3 
percent this year, less than half last year's 
growth and the slowest rate in more than two 

The International Monetary Fund last week 
approved a S 16.7 billion rescue package for 
Thailand on condition that Thai authorities 
introduce a number of economic reforms, 
including unpopular spending cats and tax 

tsmational Development, for 
example, plan to announce a 
S60 milli on loan program to 
assist private industries. 

“For now, our program 
will focus on Banja Luka,” 
said a senior official of the 
agency who arrived here 
Tuesday for the announce- 
ment “This is the direction 
w& are getting from Wash- 
ington. It will not extend to the 
rest of the Serb Republic.” 

The strategy, these offi- 
cials said, is to show Bosnian 
Serbs that there are good eco- 
nomic reasons to support the 
Dayton peace agreement and 
cooperate with the interna- 
tional community. These of- 
ficials argue that wresting 
more power from Mr. Karad- 
zic and his supporters, ar this 

point, would be too difficult^ 
and possibly lead to open cock? ' 
frontation between me rival 
Serb factions. 

NATO commanders and 
Western diplomats said they 
were working to cool down 
the dispute to avoid deeper 
involvement in the rift by 
NATO forces. 

The decision not to press 
home the conflict however, 
also reflects the alliance's re- 
luctance to seize Mr. Karad- 
zic and tern him over to trial 
in the international court in 
The Hague. 

There is widespread agree- 
ment that the Dayton peace 
agreement cannot be carried 
out as long as Mr. Karadzic , 
remains in power; But there 
also a feeling that isolating™ 
him and stripping him of 
power is preferable to arrest, 
Western diplomats said. 

“He will be anested if he 
has to be arrested,” said a 
Western diplomat, “but it will 
be only after all else fails.” 

Mrs. Plavsic is expected to 
name a new army chief of 
staff to replace General Pero 
Colic, who ignored her sum- 
mons Tuesday, as did one of 
his deputies and the com- i 
manders of two of the Bos- 
nian Serb Army's four corps. 

But like all her decrees and 
decisions, the dismissal of 
General Colic is expected to - ■ 
have little impact 

The officials she has dis- >v- i 
missed, including the power- V?-' 
ful minister of the interior, , 
Dragan Kijac, have ignored | 
her pronouncements. 

<< K 



i- v 

% ^ 

ui^-" e r 

KOREA: Missile Talks Halted 

Brewer t"" 

h Mostly B 

Continued from Page 1 

SCHOLAR: German Pollster Under Attack 

Continued from Page 1 

Dcsnuml Boylmd/Rcourr* 

SQUISHY FUN — Tomatoes flying Wednesday in Bunyoi, Spain, in an event 
billed as the world's biggest tomato fight. About 100 tons were hurled. 

his defense. Ms. Noelle-Neu- 
mann, on the other hand, has 
been vocal in her own de- 
fense, facing Mr. Simpson 
and others in a panel discus- 
sion fib May at the annual' 
meeting of the International 
Communication Association 
in Montreal. At about the 
same time, her supporters 
tried to discredit Mr. Simpson 
by urging American Uni- 
versity to deny him tenure on 
the ground that his theory on 
Ms. Noelle-Neuraann’s work 
was biased and false. 

The Chronicle of Higher 
Education, a weekly newspa- 
per that covers colleges and 
universities, published an ar- 
ticle in its Aug. 8 issue about 
the controversy. 

Earlier this month, Ms. 
Noelie-Neumann acknowl- 
edged in a telephone interview 
from her office in Aliens bacb. 
Germany, thai for two years in 
her early 20s she wrote news- 
paper articles to appease Nazi 
censors and that she was a 
“cell leader” of a Nazi stu- 
dent organization. But she 
strenuously denied that she 
was ever a member of the Nazi 
Party or that her current the- 
ories reflected Nazi beliefs. 

“I did my duty and would 
do my duty again in a second 
life,” she said, adding, “I’d 
even say I was proud of what 
l did back then because I op- 

posed the Nazis by working 
from within." 

from within.” 

From 1940 to 1942, she 
said, she was an editor and 
writer for Das Reich, a 
. weekly newspaper controlled 
. by. — Propaganda ..Minister 
Goebbels. She was dismissed, 
she said, because of a piece 
that drew her employer's ire. 

“I had written an article 
about Roosevelt that Goebbels 
thought was favorable," she 
said, "so he stopped the 
presses and replaced my ar- 
ticle with a standing piece on 
‘Forests and Lakes in 
Schleswig-Holstein.’ " 

She continued to work 
elsewhere as a journalist until 
the end of the war, but be- 
cause of her views, she said, 
she lived in fear of being con- 
scripted into the labor service 
and sent to a dangerous area. 

She had been “writing un- 
der orders” in the prewar 
years, she said, when she re- 
ferred to Jews as nests of 
"wasps ' ' and stated that Jews 
controlled everything in U.S. 
newspapers from editorial 
content to advertising. 

In retrospect, she said she 
was “anguished by the suf- 
fering of the Jews in Nazi 

Ms. Noelie-Neumann in- 
sisted Mr. Simpson distorted 
both her work as a pollster and 
as a scholar when she wrote 
“The Spiral of Silence. ” 

"My scholarly work was 

indeed influenced by the 
trauma of my youth, she 
said in a statement shortly 
after Mr. Simpson first made 
his allegations. “It was pre- 
cisely the experience of living 
without freedom that made 
the field of public-opinion re- 
search so fascinating to me.” 

Mr. Simpson contended in 
an interview earlier this 
month that the language Ms. 
Noelie-Neumann used in re- 
cent newspaper interviews to 
explain neo-Nazi attacks on 
Turks living In Germany par- 
alleled some of what she 
wrote in the Nazi years about 
the supposed threat to -Ger- 
man stability posed by the 
country's Jews. 

He also said that her poll 
results were skewed. 

"She takes ambiguous poll 
data, politicizes it and then 
presents it as though it were 
scientific truth,” Mr. Simpson 
said. “When that’s published, 
naturally people are influ- 
enced by it. so she goes back 
and takes a second poll and 
gets the result she wants." 

Ms. Noelie-Neumann said 
in the interview that her pol- 
itics were a private matter. She 
said her international reputa- 
tion rested on having accur- 
ately forecast the outcome of 
II consecutive federal elec- 
tions in Germany, from 1957 
to 1994. She has been director 
of the Allensbach organiza- 
tion for half a century. 

Pyongyang more than once 
postponing or canceling 
meetings, only to reschedule 
them after new food aid was 

Amid growing signs of a 
catastrophic famine, North 
Korea faces considerable 
pressure to continue its out- 
side contacts, analysts say. 

But the defection of Am- 
bassador Chang, and Wash- 
ington's willingness to 
provide asylum, must have 
been a humiliation that North 
Korea could not ignore, said 
Jae Ku, a Korea expert at the 
Center for Strategic and In- 
ternational Studies, in Wash- 

Mr. -Chang, iie said; not 
only was the taghest-rttftking 
North Korean diplomat ever 
to defect to the United Stales, 
but also may be one of the 
most important defectors 
ever, with intimate know- 
ledge of the day-to-day work- 
ings of the Pyongyang gov- 
ernment that most likely 
surpasses that of Hwang Jang 
Yop, a ranking member of the 
leadership who defected in 

Several signs point to Mr. 
Chang’s importance, Mr. Ku 
said: me fact that at “such an 
early age, 44, he had been 
made deputy foreign minister 
in charge of Middle Eastern 
affairs”; that he was later ap- 
pointed ambassador to Cairo, 
a top post in North Korean 
diplomacy; that his career had 
survived the defection to 
Canada last year of his son, 
and, perhaps most import- 
antly, that he was considered 
close to the county's leader, 
Kim Jong H, who, according to 
some reports, had introduced 
Mr. Chang to his wife-to-be. 

We know for sure that the 
ambassador had very good 
connections.” Mr. Ku said. 

He said some “calibrated 
reciprocity" by the North, to 
make its displeasure clear to 

the United States, could not 
be ruled out. Tins, Mr. Ku 
said, might include new in- 
cursions across the border 
with South Korea or “con- 
tinued bellicose rhetoric. ’ ’ 
The North Korean govern- 
ment has branded the Changs 
os “criminals." A report on 
the county’s Korean Central 
News Agency, monitored in 
Tokyo, quoted the Foreign 
Ministry as saying the broth- 
ers had been dismissed from 
their posts late last month and 
ordered to return home to face 
possible charges of embezz- 
ling public moneys. 

[James Rabin, a State De- 
patment spokesman, corrected 
his statement that the ambas- 
sador and his brother had been 
given asylunvTbe ’Associated 
* Press ■ reported: ' Rather!, Mr. 
Rubm said, they and their fam- 
ilies were admitted to the 
United States under a parole 
system, with a decision on 
asylum still pending.] 
Although U.S. officials 
have spoken of the defections 
as a potential intelligence 
bonanza, it remained unclear 
whether Ambassador 
Chang’s knowledge of North 
Korean arms dealings in the 
Middle East is as detailed as - 
his knowledge of his coun- 
ty’s diplomatic endeavors. 
Some of North Korea's more 
sensitive arms trade, Amer- 
ican diplomats say, are con- 

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were to have focused on U.S. 
concerns over North Korean 
exports of ballistic missiles 
and missile technology, par- 

ticularly to what Washington 
considers “rogue states” like 

considers “rogue states” like 
Iran and Syria. 

In two earlier rounds of ne- 
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U.S. Planning Labels 
On Some Fruit Drinks 

ESPYs Former Cabinet Member Indicted for Gifts 


Continued from Page 1 

By John Schwartz 

WasliinRion Post Sen-ice 

this year requiring a thor- 

Food and Drug Adminis- 
tration has announced 
plans to require warning la- 
bels on unpasteurized fruit 
and vegetable juices and 
take other steps to reduce 
the risk of disease from mi- 
crobes in the drinks. 

The proposal comes in 
the wake of recent out- 
breaks. including one last 
fall that was linked to un- 
pasteurized apple juice. In 
that incident, a child died 
and 66 people became sick 
in three western U.S. states 
and Canada. 

The new regulations are 
part of a general pro gr am 
within the Clinton admin- 
istration to upgrade food 
safety following similar 
disease clusters in recent 
years linked to hamburger 
and imported fruit. 

In Tuesday’s announce- 
ment, the Food and Drug 
Administration said it 
would issue a proposal later 

ough juice safety program 
similar to that implemented 

similar to that implemented 
for other foods. That sys- 
tem. known as Hazard 
Analysis and Critical Con- 
trol Point safety programs, 
examines possible sources 
of contamination and tries to 
minimize risk at each point; 
it also requires inspection 
and thorough record-keep- 
ing to track outbreaks. 

The agency also said it 
probably would issue a rule 
requiring warning labels on 
fresh apple juice products 
until the safety programs is 
in effect. The label require- 
ment then could be rescin- 
ded by the agency. 

The label would stale 
that “the products may 
contain pathogens known 
to cause serious or life- 
threatening illnesses" and 
that the juice has not bran 
treated to destroy the 
pathogens. It also would 
warn that the risk is greatest 
for children, the elderly and 
people with weakened im- 
mune systems. 

by investigators, in order to 
conceal that a lobbyist for 
Tyson Foods had paid for him 
and a girlfriend to travel to a 
football game in Dallas. 

The indictment charges 
that Mr. Espy ordered the em- 
ployee to delete references to 
Tyson Foods and the football 
game when the department’s 
inspector general asked for a 
copy of his travel itinerary. 

Although T^son Foods is 
not cited in the indictment, its 
chairman. Don Tyson, has 
long had close ties to Mr. Clin- 
ton, having contributed to Mr. 
Clinton's gubernatorial cam- 
paigns in Arkansas and later 
his presidential campaigns. 

Witnesses heard by the 
grand jury included Tyson 
Foods executives, and even 
former Tyson Foods pilots. 

The company has denied 
any wrongdoing. 

Mr. Smaltz was appointed 
to investigate whether Mr. 
Espy violated the law by ac- 
cepting tickets to the football 
game and S 1 ,009 in air fare for 
himself and his girlfriend from 
a lobbyist for Tyson Foods, 
Jack Williams. Mr. Espy 
assigned three months after 
Mr. Smaltz's appointment. 

Mr. Williams was found 
guilty in March of lying about 

providing tickets to Mr. Espy. 
But in June, a federal judge set 
aside the conviction and 
ordered a new trial. Prosecu- 
tors had argued that Mr. Wil- 
liams lied to hide his know- 
ledge of gifts for Mr. Espy on 
behalf of Tyson Foods. 

The indictment includes 
charges of wire fraud, mail 
fraud and traveling in inter- 
state commerce to commit 

Mr. Smaltz's investigation 
was of sweeping scope. In 
January, for example, Crop 
Growers Corp., the second- 
largest crop insurance com- 
pany in the country, pleaded 
no contest to charges that it 
had conspired to pay $46,000 
in illegal campaign contribu- 
tions to a failed congressional 

campaign by Mr. Espy’s 
brother, Henry Espy. The 
Montana company agreed to 
pay a $2 million fine. 

When, at one point, Tyson 
Foods complained that Mr. 
Smaltz was exceeding hJs au- 
thority. Attorney General 
Janet Reno ordered him to 
limit his investigation to the 
gifts to Mr. Espy. 

Some Democrats have 
contended that the independ- 
ent counsels investigating the 
administration have been 
playing politics at great ex- 
pense to the public. 

As of April, Mr. Smaltz's 
investigation had cost more 
than $8.6 million. The inves- 
tigation of Whitewater has 
cost more than $22 million to 

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For a hand-deJivered subscription 
on the day of publication, 
call 00 33 1 4143 9361 

NUCLEAR: Uproar in Japan 

Continued from Page 1 

port in connection with a 
1995 sodium leak at the Mon- 
ju fast-breeder reactor. An- 
other Donen official involved 
in crying to cover up that ac- 
cident committed suicide. 

The Monju plant, in the 
Fukui Prefecture in Western 
Japan, is still dosed. The pub- 
lic mistrust fueled by the ac- 

cident and the attempted cov- 
er-up has been inflamed even 
more by the two latest ac- 
cidents at Tokai. 

Jinzaburo Takagi. a phys- 
icist and anti-nuclear activist, 
said the government had 
learned nothing from its mis- 
takes. “I’m shocked they 
keep doing it again,” he said, 
referring to delays in report- 
ing accidents to the public. 

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It s Business as Usual, Tung Quietly Tells U.S. 

By Keith B. Richburg 

WaiftiH^ron Rost Sennet 

HONG KONG — Nearly two 
months after China assumed control 
of this prosperous capitalist enclave, 
Hong Kong’s first Chinese chief ex- 
ecutive, Tung Chee-hwa, is finding 
quiet comfort in all that is mundane 
and ordinary here. 

There are few great debates about 
democracy and civil rights. There 
are more concerns about a sluggish 
stock market, reported physician 
foul-ups in a local hospital, and a 
series of floods and innHei;^ 
caused by two months of record 

As Mr. Tung sets out on his first 
overseas trip as chief executive — 
one that will take him later this 
month to Washington and a planned 
meeting with President Bill Clinton 
at the White House — no news is 
good news. The message he is tak- 
ing to a skeptical American audi- 
ence is that little has changed here 
with the advent of Chinese rule. 

“It’s business as usual,” said a 
relaxed Mr. Tung, who talked 
Wednesday with American report- 
ers over lunch in the downtown of- 
fice tower that serves as his tem- 
porary office. “The government is 
functioning as normal. The financial 
market is moving. Demonstrations 
are continuing — arguments every- 
where. The legislative body is just as 
assertive as before, challenging 

everything we want to do.” 

“What has changed is that Hong 
Kong is now a pan of China," he 
added “There is a sense of pride 
here that this has happened, and 
happened without a hitch.” 

Mr. Tung also expressed confi- 
dence that Hong Kong could fight 
off any speculative attacks on its 
currency, maintaining the local dol- 
lar’s peg to the U.S. dollar and 
avoiding the kind of turmoil that has 
rocked the economies of Thailand, 
the Philippines, Indonesia. Malay- 
sia, and, to a lesser exrent, Singa- 
pore. . 

Hong Kong already faced one 
specnlative attack in July, but the 
finance secretary. Sir Donald Tsang, 
fended it off after spending $1 bil- 
lion to shore up the local currency 

barely denting Hong Kong’s for- 
midable $80 billion reserve 

Mr. Tung said Hong Kong was 
prepared to spend even more, if need 
be, to presave the dollar peg, even 
though every other Southeast Asian 
country has retreated and allowed 
their currencies to float freely. 
Asked how much Hong Kong was 
prepared to spend to shore up the 
currency, and Mr. Tung, smiling, 
replied : “How much are they pre- 
pared to lose to attack us?” 

Over lunch, Mr. Tung added his 
voice to those Asian leaders — led 
by the Malaysian prime minister, 
Mahathir bin Mohamad — suggest- 

ing that the 50-year-old United Na- 
tions Declaration on Human Rights 
might be in need of review to allow 
more input from developing na- 

‘ ‘Fifty years ago. most of toe na- 
tions of the world were colonies,” 
he said. “Now they are independ- 
ent, prosperous and proud. They 
want a say.” 

’ ‘Human rights is not a monopoly 
of toe West,” he added. “When you 
talk about this, you have to look in 
terms of different countries, differ- 
ent historical processes, different 
stages of development.” 

Asked if he agreed with Mr. Ma- 
hathir that toe United Nations hu- 
man-rights document should be re- 
opened with a view to changing it, 
Mr. Tung replied: “I'm sympathetic 
to this argument. I really am. ” 

Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright, in Malaysia last month, 
vowed that the United States would 
be “relentless” in opposing any re- 
view of toe human-rights declara- 
tion. But Mr. Tung, who will meet 
Mrs. Albright at toe State Depart- 
ment during bis Washington trip, 
said Wednesday: “Some of toe 
views are very entrenched here and 
there. That’s why communication is 
very important.” 

Mr. Tung, who has repeatedly 
said one of his goals was to lower the 
political noise level in Hong Kong, 
toe first few quiet weeks of Chinese 
rule mark a welcome period of calm. 

and a handy springboard from 
which to begin bis first foreign ven- 
ture into potentially hostile terri- 

Questions are likely to be raised 
in Washington about Mr. Tung’s 
new electoral arrangements for 
Hong Kong, which will sfaaiply re- 
duce toe franchise expanded in toe 
waning days of British rule. The first 
legislative elections under Chinese 
rule, due to be held next May, will be 
waged under a proportional repres- 
entation system that critics say was 
designed specifically to limit toe 
number of seats toe popular Demo- 
cratic Party can win. 

But Mr. Tung defended toe new 
electoral arrangements. “A lot of 
thought has gone into it,” he said. 
“We will do it in a fair and open 

He added, “We received all sorts 
of options.” 

**I believe it is toe right way for- 
ward,” he said. 

Mr. 'Ding said he bad no plans to 
accelerate toe democratization 
timetable laid down in toe Basic 
Law — the mini-constitution that 
governs this territory — which does 
not allow for fully democratic elec- 
tions to even be considered until 

Mr. Tung conceded that he might 
face a hard sell in toe United States, 
particularly if he tries to convince 
skeptical members of Congress that 
Hong Kong now is better off, and 


Brewer to South Africa 
Is Mostly Benign Giant 

Tries ‘Not to Stomp ’ on Local Competitors 

By Donald G. McNeil Jr. 

Aw York Times Sen-ice 




JOHANNESBURG — South Africa 
is a capitalist country, but it sometimes 
does not act like one. Once a year, for 
example, an announcement is made that 
recalls toe way communist states once 
decreed increases in toe price of bread or 
healing oil Here, however, it is the 
annual change in the price of beer. 

The dictum does not come from a 
ministry bur from a company. South 
African Breweries, that can do so with- 
out fear of contradiction because it is 
virtually a monopoly. It sells about 98 
percent of South Africa’s beer. 

It is not uncommon for a bartender, 
asked' what beers he pours, to reply: 

ofrtoenL-' ' -He means- all 14 South 
African Breweries brands, from toe lo- 
cal leaders, Castle and Lion, to the 
Heineken, Guinness. Amstel and 
Carling Black Label brands that die 
company brews under license. 

Valued by toe market at $10 billion, 
SAB is toe continent’s largest industrial 
company — a category that excludes the 
huge mining houses and insurers. The 
company also owns more hotels and 
retail stores than any other enterprise in 
South Africa and dominates the soft- 
drink and fruit-juice market . 

But what makes South African Brew- 
eries truly noteworthy is how it defies 
the stereotype that monopolies are slug- 
gish and inefficient. It is considered one 
of toe best-managed South African 
companies. It is certainly one of toe 
toughest conqietitors. 

The company’s beer production costs 
are toe world’s lowest It keeps price 
increases below the inflation rate, so the 
real cost of a beer, before excise taxes, 
has been halved in 20 years. 

Moreover, in a country generally 
slow to take to affirmative action. SAB 
has been in the forefront of racial ad- 
vancement — though not our of a sense 
of charity. 

Abour 93 percent of its beer cus- 
tomers are black, and in the early 1990s, 
its t ruck s venturing into black townships 
were hijacked and firebombed as a way 
to strike back at toe white-ruled state. So 
toe company lent dozens of its black 
drivers the money to buy trucks, trained 
them in running small businesses and 
hired them as contractors. The fire- 
bombing stopped. Now it has many 
riddle nu 

blacks in mic 

gement, and other 
j, ch its talent 

South African Breweries understands 
its market well. On a continent where 
most people survive on subsistence 
farming, commercial brewing is the one 
industrial process that is found in every 
country — and survives every calamity. 

The Primus Beer brewery in Kisan- 
gani, Congo, kept working throughout 
the civil war there. The Mutzig brewery 
in Kigali, Rwanda, was the first industry 
rebuilt after the genocidal conflict mere. 
The Club brewery in Monrovia, Liberia, 
was guarded by foreign peacekeeping 
troops throughout Liberia's civil war. 

The biggest brands of South African 
Breweries are pale yellow lagers, but 
with a relatively high 5 percent alcohol 
content “Their customers like that bite 
in the back of toe throat,” one analyst 
said. The more flavorfui taste of darker 


spent $15 million supporting schools 
and clinics- Thar may be relative peaants 
for a company its size, but few South 
African corporations do anything for the 

Flush with cash — h had a pretax 
profit of S740 million on sales of 58 
billion in its latest Fiscal year-- it ts 
expanding aggressively Y 

mg breweries in Tanzama, Zambia, 

swana, Uganda, Poland, Hungary, Ro- 
mania. Spain and China. It is, 
volume, toe world’s fourth -laigest 
brewing operation after Accuse - 
ti-iioi rmn -»n<H toe Miller Brew- 


South African Breweries has 
made a lot of money by 
controlling toe beer trade in South 
Africa, but compared with people 
in other countries. South Africans 
are moderate beer drinkers. 

1. Czech Republic 

3. Germany 

4. Denmark 

5. Austria 
11. United States 

14. South Africa 

SIC Statistics 
via South African 

ALGERIANS FLEE — Survivors from the village Beni Ali, south of Algiers, carrying 
their belongings after attackers slaughtered 64 people there. Overnight Tuesday, 8 more 
people were murdered in three attacks, bringing the death toll to 200 since Sunday. 

Robert Pinget, Author, Dies at 78 


I unit of Philip Morris Cos. 

In South Africa, which PepsiCo, has 
abandoned, the company bottles both 
Coca-Cola and Schweppes prodncts.Ii 
owns both of toe top fruit-juice brands, 
bottles spring water and owns 30 percent 
of toe two biggest makers of wine and 

It also owns 64 hotels, including Hol- 
iday Inn and Intercontinental franchises, 
and 1.500 stores selling groceries, cloth- 
ing, furniture and appliances, including 
toe Edgar’s, Sales House, Jet, OK 
Bazaars and Hyperama chains, some of 
the country’s biggest. 

And it mak es auto glass, matches, 
razors, textiles, laminate board and 
shoes, dominating some of those smaller 
industries as it does beer. 

Its earnings per share have increased 
with almost boring regularity every year 
since 1967. Lacking competition, it can 
essentially decide how much profit to 
make, and in its annual report, toe graphs 
for its beer business, 70 percent of earn- 
ings. never zigzag but rise in a gentle, 
steady curve. 

Being a monopoly is not exactly an 
embarrassment, said G ra ha m Mackay, 
group managing director, but he did 
confirm what a bartender at toe com- 
pany's amusing beer-history museum 
said: SAB sometimes helps out toe local 
breweries that share toe remnants of toe 

“We certainly try not to stomp on 
them,” said Mr. Mackay, who serves as 
chief executive. “We like having some 
competitors around — really just for 

cover, if nothing else ” 

South Africa has virtually no antitrust 
laws, and toe present monopoly was 
created by toe combination of two com- 
petitors in 1979. Nonetheless, Mr. 
Mackay said, the company is constantly 
having to defend itself against quite 
spurious allegations that we must have 
got where we are by illegitimate 
means.” He calls toe market folly con- 
testable,” with no legal barriers to 

^Saalysts agree about the legal frame- 
wozk, but say big foreign brewen; are 
simply, and probably 
away. Against serious ^mpefoors. SAB 
hits back hard, and it wo uld cos J 
dreds of millions of dollars to match its 
computer-controlled breweries, truck 

per-capita consumption and fierce, con- 

w« W 5'!3SS 

Agcnce Fnmce-Pnsse 

PARIS — Robert Pinget, 78, a novelist and 
dramatist, died Monday in Toms following a stroke, 
his publishers. Editions de Minuit, said here. 

Born in Geneva, he trained to be a lawyer before 
moving to Paris, where tried to work as a painter 
before undertaking various journeys in Europe and 
North Africa. 

He published his first book in 1951, a group of 
short stories entitled “Fantoine and Agapa.” 

A friend of Irish writer Samuel Beckett — who 
compared his work to that of a goldsmith — Mr. 
Pinget was associated with writers of toe nouveau 
roman (new novel), who broke away from the 
conventions of straightforward plots and weli- 
fonned characters. He created his own unclas- 
sffiable tone, however, and a singular universe 
rooted in toe derisory. 

His longest novel, toe prize-winning “L’ln- 
guisitoire” (“The Inquisitory”) was considered 
his masterpiece. Thereafter, his works became ever 
shorter, extending to only 60 or 80 pages. 

Sir John Kendrew, 80, Biochemist Who 
Shared Nobel Prize With Peratz in ’62 

LONDON (AFP) — Sir John Kendrew, 80, the 
British biochemist and Nobel laureate, died Sat- 
urday in Cambridge. 

He shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1 962 
with his teacher and colleague Max Perutz. The 
prize was awarded for their pioneer work in solving 
the structure of protein molecules. 

The two scientists foimed toe Medical Research 
Unit for Molecular Biology in 1947. This Cam- 
bridge institution later attained world fame as the 
Laboratory of Molecular Biology for its work on 

toe structure of human muscle protein. 

Sir John had a distinguished war career as a 
scientific adviser to the Air Ministry and also held 
the rank of wing commander in the Royal Air 
Force. In the early 1970s, he chaired toe British 
government’s Defense Scientific Advisory Coun- 
cil and was later knighted for his services. 

Sir John held academic posts in both Oxford and 
Cambridge, and he was for a short period the first 
director-general of toe European Laboratory of 
Molecular Biology in Heidelberg, Germany. 

He put considerable effort into toe foundation of 
such an institution, since he fervently believed 
European unity could best be achieved by people 
from different nations working together. 

He was also a trustee of the British Museum from 
1974 to 1979. 

Janet Good, a Kevorkian Aide, 73 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — Janet Good, 73, a 
longtime civil-rights worker who cooperated with 
Dr. Jack Kevorkian to help terminally ill people 
die. ended her own life Tuesday in her home in 
suburban Detroit. 

Mrs. Good had suffered from pancreatic cancer 
and said she hoped not to die as her mother bad, 
slowly and in great pain. As it was, Mrs. Good 
confounded her doctors, who had expected her 
illness to take her life by early 1996. 

Camilla Spira. a German actress who made 
some 50 films was a member of the troupe of West 
Berlin’s Schiller Theater after the war. died Mon- 
day at age 91 . As a Jew, she fled to toe Netherlands 
and the United States during the Nazi period, but 
returned after toe war. 

Swiss Sterilized Mental Patients 


GENEVA — Swiss doctors sterilized men- 
tally handicapped patients against their will un- 
der a Jaw passed in 1928, a copy of which was 
requested by Hitler, a Swiss historian said. 

The historian, Hans Ulrich Jost, a professor at 
the University of Lausanne, told Swiss television 
Tuesday that many people— 9 out of 10 of them 
women — were affected by toe campaign, in the 
canton of Vaud. 

“Even Hitler requested a copy of toe law from 
toe canton and from the government in Bern as a 
basis for Nazi Germany’s own racist laws,’ * Mr. 

“It is hard to say bow many sterilizations were 
carried out based on toe law,” be added, “butthe 
number must have been high.” 

Mr. Jost said the campaign resembled racial 
cleansing “sciences” practiced in Sweden and 

Norway after World War L Swedes have been 
shocked by recent revelations that Social Demo- 
cratic Swedish governments sterilized 60,000 
women to rid society of “inferior” racial types. 

Sterilizations began in Sweden in 1935,peak- 
ing in 1946 and were not stopped until 1976. 

Mr. Jost said that French-speaking Vaud, in 
western Switzerland, was the only canton with 
such a law but that he believed similar forced 
sterilizations were carried out in other parts of 
toe country. The sterilization law was passed in 
1928, Swiss television said. Vaud officials were 
quoted Wednesday as saying that the practice 
was stopped more than 20 years ago. 

Experts in Austria say mentally handicapped 
women there are being sterilized. The country's 
Green Party health spokeswoman, Theresia 
Haidlmayr, said around 70 percent of mentally 
handicapped women were still sterilized- ' 


more democratic, than it was under 
British colonial rule. 

‘ ‘ I may not be able to convince all 
the people, but 1 will do the best I 
can, ” Mr. Tung said. 4 ‘The proof is 
in the pudding.” 

Mr. Tung is also likely to find few 
allies in Washington for his often- 
stated view of Hong Kong as a city 
that embodies “Asian values, V with 
its emphasis on order, stability and 
the sense of community, as distinct 
from toe Western concepts of in- 
dividual freedoms and liberties. 

A Western diplomat said recently 
that he was surprised how the major 
debates that occupied toe months 
before the handover to China — like 
the outcry over Mr. Tttng’s decision 
to place new restrictions on toe right 
to stage protests — have largely 
receded from toe headlines. The 
more compelling issues have been 
far narrower and more technical in 
scope, like bow the government 
plans to deal with an expected influx 
of tens of thousands of children 
from mainland China who have the 
right to live here. 

Some here have attributed toe re- 
duced political temperatures to typ- 
ical summer doldrums, exacerbated 
this year by the intense springtime 
hype leading up to the events of the 
handover. After July 1 , it is as if the 
entire city of 6.3 million people col- 
lectively exhaled — ana then went 
on vacation to escape toe persistent 
rain and oppressive humidity. 


Appears every Saturday in Hie Intennarket To advertise contact Christelle Forestier 
in our London office: Tel: + 44 1 71 420 0329 / Fax: + + 44 1 71 420 0338 
or your nearest IHT office or representative. 

^ — — — — — tut, vomits autt swmuw ^ ^ ^ , 

IMF Has * Hidden Agenda ,’ 
Kenyan President Asserts 

MOMBASA, Kenya — President Daniel arap Moi 
criticized the International Monetary Fund on Wednes- 
day on toe eve of talks with an IMF team on a blocked aid 

He said that multilateral institutions had a hidden 
agenda against Kenya and had pushed the country to the 
wall even after it had adhered to their demands in ihe past 
in return for aid. 

“Why don’t they do toe same to South Africa, which 
has not even freed its foreign exchange controls?” asked 
President Moi, 73, who has been Kenya’s ruler for 19 
years. “Is it because of toe white people there?” 

Officials said an IMF mission led by Goddal Gond we. a 
deputy director, would meet Mr. Moi in Nairobi on 
Thursday for a second round of talks to agree a date on 
resuming aid negotiations. The team will then report to 
Michel Camdessus, IMF managing director . i Reuters I 

Ruanda Sees Plot in Zambia 

LUSAKA, Zambia — Zambia’s president, Frederick 
Chiluba, planned to have his predecessor. Kenneth 
Kaunda, shot and killed by the police, and he wanted Vice 
President Godfrey Myanda ro take the blame, the former 
president asserred Wednesday. 

Mr. Kaunda. 73, who was president of Zambia from 
1964 until elections in 1991. was shot and wounded by 
policemen on Saturday as the police broke up an op- 
position rally in toe central Zambian town of Kabwe. A 
bullet said to have been fired by toe police grazed his 

In London earlier Wednesday. Mr. Chiluba told the 
BBC claims (hat he was involved in an assassination bid 
were “totally untrue." tAFPi 

Haitian Stalemate Deepens 

PORT-AU-PRINCE. Haiti — The lower house of 
Parliament has rejected President Rene Preval’s nominee 
for a new prime minister, deepening Haiti's four- month 
political stalemate. 

The nominee. Ericq Pierre, 52, an international banker, 
had promised to push ahead with a U.S. -backed economic 
plan that calls for laying off thousands of government 
workers and privatizing state-run enterprises. 

But the opposition-dominated Chamber of Deputies 
rejected Mr. Pierre’s nomination by a 43-10-9 vote on 
Tuesday. Mr. Preval, who nominated Mr. Pierre in July, 
must come up with another candidate. tAPj 

U.S. Ships to Latin America? 

SAN JOSE. Costa Rica — The United States wants to 
send planes and warships tc» Central America and the 
Caribbean to help local policemen intercept drug ship- 

The plan aims to expand intelligence-sharing agree- 
ments that the United States has with many countries in 
the region. Laura Chinchilla. Costa Rica’s security min- 
ister. said. Washington has asked countries in the region 
ro Jer U.S. warships and planes use their territorial waters 
and airspace to track down vessels and aircraft suspected 
of carrying drugs. • Rch/ci .« > 

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Don’t Laugh at Mir 

Judging from the jokes and editorial 
cartoons, the Russian space station Mir 
is seen as a kind of cosmic scrap heap, 
with leaks, blackouts, fires and one 
cliff-hanging repair job after another. 
But while prominent in the public eye, 
the mishaps this year are dwarfed by 
the benefits that the station has yielded 
both for Russia and for its partner in the 
effort, the United States. 

When the Russians shut down the 
station, as they probably will within a 
year or so, they will leave knowing that 
Mir has substantially advanced what 
we know about life and work in space 
and has paved the way for a trip to the 
nearest planets. 

Mir has been aloft for 1 1 years. In 
June, a robot supply ship collided with 
the station's science laboratory. The 
collision punctured and depressurized 
the laboratory compartment, forcing 
the crew to cut power cables that had 
been strung through an open door that 
now had to be closed. The accident left 
Mir with only partial power and its 
science lab out of commission. 

Last week’s space walk restored the 
power, but while the crew was catching 
its breath from the walk, an oxygen 
system that had failed before did so 
again, requiring repairs. 

With all the commotion, many of us 
on Earth have lost track of Mir’s ac- 
complishments, which are substantial. 
Before the United States bought time 
on Mir, for example, the longest stay 
by an American in space was 84 days. 
Shannon Lucid stayed 188 days on 
Mir. and the combined American time 
on the ship has now exceeded a year. 

Scientists have learned a great deal 
about the physiological effects of 

weightlessness, which could be dev- 
iating during the time it would take to 
travel to, say, Mars. The Russians. 
mean while, have developed successful 
strategies for coping with space-in- 
duced c hang es in body fluids, bones and 
the heart They have teamed that proper 
exercise and diet can substantially off- 
set tile effects of weightlessness. 

Mir has provided a venue for study- 
ing human tissue and for showing that 
crucial plants like wheat can be cul- 
tivated over successive generations in 
space. Without Mir. Americans would 
have been confined to the shuttle, 
whose 16-day flights are far too short 
to do sustained science. 

The upcoming attempts to fix and 
repressurize the science module have 
educational value for the big inter- 
national space station whose construc- 
tion is scheduled to begin next year and 
reach completion by 2003. 

The accidents have shown that most 
problems on a space station unfold 
slowly, offering an extended period for 
deciding on the proper course of ac- 
tion. NASA also points out that the Mir 
mishaps provide an invaluable training 
camp for American astronauts, who 
would otherwise know far less about 
responding to future emergencies. 

If the station deteriorates radically, 
NASA is convinced that the Soyuz 
escape pod on the ship would allow the 
two Russians and one American as- 
tronaut to return to Earth in little more 
than an hour. No space flight is without 
risk. But given the record thus for, 
NASA and the Russian space agency 
are right to keep Mir and its crew up 
there for the time being. 


Government for Sale 

Our knowledge of the Selling of the 
Presidency. 19%. continues to grow. It 
is a depressing, squalid record. The 
office has been demeaned. 

Sponsors of legislation to reform the 
system of campaign finance are threat- 
ening to tie up the Senate when it 
reconvenes next month if the resisting 
Republican leadership wili not agree to 
bring the measure to a vote. They ought 
to tie it up; the Senate has nothing of 
comparable importance to do. 

The latest disclosures merely un- 
derscore the extent to which the rules 
have been bent. The politicians say 
policy isn't for sale, and maybe it’s not, 
but there sure are a lot of canny folks 
hanging around the government who 
haven’t got the word. 

In August of last year, the chairman 
and chief executive officer of Federal 
Express bought his way into the White 
House for a 45-minute, one-on-one 
session with the president to discuss a 
trade issue — a restrictive practice on 
the part of the Japanese — that was 
costing his company lucrative business 
in Asia. The chairman, Frederick 
Smith, wanted the administration, in 
talks with the Japanese, to take a tough- 
er stand on the issue than the United 
States had in the p35L 

The issue is legitimate enough. But 
three weeks after what even the White 
House concedes was an unusual meet- 
ing (individual businessmen pressing 
such causes are rarely granted exclus- 
ive access to the president). Federal 
Express gave $100,000 to the Demo- 
cratic National Committee. 

“We just don’t know how this and 
other meetings came to be,” said 
Lanny Davis, the White House lawyer 
who is paid to stretch credulity on such 
occasions. Mr. Smith, whose company 
gave an even Larger amount to Re- 
publican committees in the last cycle, 
was far more direct when asked wheth- 
er, as a general matter, he and others in 
like positions felt pressure when asked 
to make such contributions. “Sure, 
you’re darn right, you better be re- 
sponsive,” he said. “Whether you use 
the language of the street and call it a 
shakedown, or whether you just call it 
our system — however you put it — 
it’s a messy system." 

letter of protest about it two months 
after the company had shot down. 

The ubiquitous Mr. Davis com- 
plains about donors who “misused the 
privilege of meeting the president at 
these fund-raising events,” and once 
again about the “lax and seriously 
inadequate" procedures that the 
Democratic National Committee used 
to vet those who attended. 

But of course the committee was no 
more than an aim of the White House 
or, same thing, the Clinton campaign; 
it was the president himself who was 
flogging aides to raise funds. And on a 
number of occasions when efforts in 
fact were made to keep prospective 
donors with questionable backgrounds 
from meeting with the president, the 
aides who were trying to protect him 
were overruled by the generally closer 
aides who wanted the bucks. 



Executives of Unique Gems Inter- 
national Carp., a disbanded Miami 

company that authorities say may have 

■ rsr 

bilked 15,000 people out of $38 million 
in recent years, used third parties to 
contribute $85,000 to the Democratic 
National Committee last foil. The con- 
tributions allowed them to attend a 
fund-raiser at which some had their 
photographs taken with the president; 
the photographs were then used in the 
company’s promotional material. The 
White House discovered that and sent a 

The notion that the administration 
might be — how to put it? — receptive 
to contributions seems not to have been 
confined to the White House, the DNC 
and the presidential campaign. Johnny 
Chung, the California businessman who 
appears to have made a specialty of 
laundering such contributions from 
abroad, claims to have been asked to 
make a $25,000 contribution to a charity 
favored by then Energy Secretary Hazel 
O’Leary in return for a meeting that the 
secretary agreed to have with one of his 
clients, a Chinese businessman- The 
secretary denies having asked for, or 
having authorized anyone else to ask 
for, the contribution, which in fact was 
made. The aide named by Mr. Chung 
also denies having asked for it. The 
Justice Department is investigating. 

There was at least discussion last year 
of a scheme whereby the Teamsters 
Union would increase its contributions 
to Democratic campaign efforts in re- 
turn for increased contributions by in- 
dividual Democratic donors to the re- 
election campaign of Teamster Pres- 
ident Ron Carey. The effect would have 
been to shift money from the union 
treasury to Mr. Carey's campaign at one 
remove, a violation of at least the spirit 
of union election law. DNC officials say 
it never happened. There continues to be 
Justice Department and congressional 
investigation of that, as well 


To finance their elections, the politi- 
cians have put a for-sale sign on the 
government. That is where we are. 
They have got to impose new limits on 
the giving and getting of these funds. 
The current system, unconstrained, 
will end up doing serious barm. 

The politicians who are its supposed 
beneficiaries will be among its victims, 
and with cause. 




Look Who Says Capitalism Needs Government 

W A ,, enenirinr 



mosques in Saudi Arabia, the call 
to prayer now begins: “God is great 
Please turn off all pagers and cellular 
phones. It is time for prayer.” In a 
Parisian bistro I know, die menu makes 
a similar request, adding: “The elec- 
tronic chirping might cause our 
souffles to fall.” 

The icons of globalization prolif- 
erate. But the message earned by the 
most modem communication devices 
can underline tradition, not negate it 

By Jim Hoagland 

Saudi and French yuppies go cellular 


within established cultures. American 
militiamen retailing black helicopter 
fantasies on the Internet do likewise. 

It is easy to spot and to exaggerate, 
surface changes forced on countries by 
globalization — a buzzword for the 
accelerated mobility of capital, goods, 
technology and labor across frontiers, 
creating greatly increased economic in- 
terdependence at a global level. 

Less attention is paid to the impact 
dial culture and national character have 
on globalization, and on economics in 
general. A uniform, seamless global 
marketplace based on a single eco- 
nomic system in which government’s 
role is negligible is not inevitable, as 
many doctrinaire free marketeers now 
assume or desire. 

The collapse of the Soviet Union and 
its economic model of socialism have 
bolstered such assumptions. So has the 
contrast between America’s boom 
times and Europe’s faltering welfare 
states in the 1990s. But those devel- 
opments do not tell the whole stozy. 

Says who? Among others, Alan 
Greenspan, chairman of the Federal 
Reserve Board. In a fascinating speech 
earlier this summer at The Woodrow 
Wilson International Center for Schol- 
ars, he pointed out that the Soviet col- 
lapse “has been teaching us about how 
and why our own Western economies 
and societies function.'’ 

Mr. Greenspan raised a question that 
I see as central to our time. For nearly a 
decade, Soviets and then Russians have 
sought to create a modem, efficient and 
competitive economy. Why have they 
failed, from Mikhail Gorbachev's stum- 
bling reform efforts to Boris Yeltsin’s 
embrace of robber baron capitalism? 

“Much of what we took for granted 
in our free market system and assumed 
to be human nature was not nature at 
all, but culture,” Mr. Greenspan ob- 
served. * ‘The dismantling of the central 
planning function in an economy does 

not, as some had supposed, automat- 
ically • establish a free market entre- 
preneurial system.” 

Ins tead, in many former comm uni si 
countries “the essential infrastructure 
of a market economy is missing. ” So: 
‘ ‘Today’s Russia is striving to rid itself 
of a substantial black market inter- 
twined with its evolving market eco- 
nomy. Law enforcement in support of 
private property is uneven in its ap- 
plication.” worse, law enforcement is 
undermined by public anger over the 
corrupt carving up of “vast real re- 
sources from the defunct Soviet state” 
by the new Russian political elite. 

“If generations of Russians have 
been brought up on the Marxist notion 
that private property is ‘theft,’ a break- 
down of die Soviet central planning 
infrastructure is not going to automat- 
ically alter the perceived moral base of 

its social system. The right to property 
is morally rooted 

in market economies 

in its culture The moral validity of 

: least 

property rights is accepted, or at 
acquiesced in, by virtually die whole of 
the population.” 

He was far too diplomatic to com- 

i dipt 

plete his thought. Allow me: The un- 

, unregulated way in which the 
Russian economy has been run for the 
past five years has done nothing to 

alleviate the deep cultural suspicion of 

capitalism held by many Russians. 

Mr. Greenspan addressed the point 
by talkin g about what governments do 
in the Wesr. “A list or bill of rights 
enforced by an impartial judiciary ... 
substitutes for the central planning 
function as the guiding mechanism of a 
free market economy. It is these 
■rights’ that enable the value judgments 
of millions of consumers to be con- 
vened through a legally protected free 
market into prices of products and fi- 
nancial instruments ... We depend on 
government in a free society to ensure- 
those market ‘rights.’ ” 

He ended by arguing that democracy 
is a necessary component for the ef- 
ficient long-term functioning of a free 
market economy. Only “a free press 
and government data information sys- 
tems that are perceived to be free of 
hidden political manipulation” can 
empower consumers and producers to 
shin resources rationally. 

The demagogues of our day, who 
tend to be radical conservatives rather 
than leftists, have chosen the press and 
government as targets of denigration. 
Mr. Greenspan's thoughtful discussion 
of how free markets really work is a 
useful antidote to them. 

The Washington Post. 

- J 



Bill Gates: More a Brilliant Opportunist Than an Innovator 


Gates bas “achieved an 
unprecedented, and still grow- 
ing, impact on the civilized 
world,” Newsweek intoned on 
Aug. 18. But Bill Gates isn’t 
God — not yet. 

Every so often the media 
anoint some business figure 
with mythical powers. Mr. 
Gates has now achieved this 
status. Jules Feiffer caught the 
mood in a recent cartoon en- 
titled “Bill Gates Visits the 
Grand Canyon.'’ Mr. Gates is 
peering into the canyon, and the 
canyon thinks : “He makes me 
feel so insignificant.’’ 

But the canyon will still be 
there when Mr. Gates is gone 
and long forgotten. The obses- 
sion with him says more about 
our faddishness than about his 
place in history. 

He is his own best promoter. 
It is hard to escape him. whether 
he is chatting with Tom Bro- 
kaw, or letting Time editor Wal- 
ter Isaacson glimpse his per- 
sonal Life , or granting a long 
Q&A to Newsweek (“How 
We Did It,” June 23). 

Aside from sheer vanity or a 
desire to philosophize, Mr. 
Gates's openness probably re- 
flects self-interest Given Mi- 
crosoft’s power, he knows that 
it will be scrutinized constantly 
for antitrust violations. He seeks 
to project a low-key and folksy 
image, in a geekish way, to 
counter criticism that he is ter- 
rorizing the computer industry. 

To say that his impact has 
been “unprecedented” is. 

By Robert J. Samnebon 

strictly speaking, true. We are all 
unique; my impact is unprece- 
dented and so is yours. Oth- 
erwise, the statement is silly. 

Astonishing though the PC 
may be, its social significance 
still falls short of that of many 
past technologies: the railroad, 
which created a nati onal market 
in America; the automobile, 
which transformed living and 
working patterns; television, 
which became the greatest form 

Using the Internet 
to buy a plane 
ticket is a change, 
not a revolution. 

of mass entertainment; antibi- 
otics, which tamed many 
deadly infections. And there 
was the harnessing of electricity 
in the late 19th century. 

Even if the PC were in a 
league with all that, Microsoft 
bas made none of its critical 
technical advances. 

These started with the inven- 
tion of the transistor in the late 
1940s and then of the integrated 
circuit in 1957. In 1971, Intel 
developed the microprocessor, 
the “brains” of the personal 

computer. Apple popularized 
that f 

the notion that the personal 
Computer was something for 
everyone. The icons that appear 
on computer screens were con- 

ceived by Xerox and commer- 
cialized by Apple. 

Mr. Gales has been a brilliant 
opportunist. He benefited from 
one of the biggest business 
blunders of modern times: 
IBM’s oversight in not buying 
the operating system, MS-DOS, 
for its personal computer in 
1981. Instead it left Microsoft 
the exclusive rights to this soft- 
ware, which holds the com- 
puter’s basic instructions. 

As IBM cloning mush- 
roomed, Mr. Gates had a license 
to print money. And Microsoft 
did not even write the original 
DOS program, which was pur- 
chased for S75.000 from an- 
other small start-up firm. 

None of this dims Mr. 
Gates's business skills. It was 
not preordained that Microsoft 
ascend while other companies 
(IBM, Digital Equipment, Ap- 
ple) stumble. Microsoft might 
have lost its quasi-monopoly. 
At one point, IBM created an 
alternative operating system 
(OS/2); it flopped. 

Apple’s mistakes removed it 
as a major rivaL Microsoft craf- 
ted contracts with PC-makers to 
deter competition. Hardware 
companies often paid a licens- 
ing fee for each computer, even 
if it did not use MS-DOS. 

This protected “the DOS 
monopoly,” write Stephen 
Manes and Paul Andrews in 
“Gates.” “If you were already 
paying a royalty to Microsoft on 
every machine ... you were not 

A Young Turnout for Principle 

P ARIS — The Pope came 
to Paris last week for a six- 
day international Catholic 
youth gathering and created a 
major surprise, extremely in- 
teresting from the sociological 
and religious points of view. 

France today is not much of 
a churchgoing country, even if 
historically and culturally it is 
mainly Catholic. Church lead- 
ers were apprehensive about 
this youth festival, wondering 
who would come in the 
middle of vacations and in the 
heat of August. 

The most optimistic expec- 
tation was for something like 
300,000 young people. Pess- 
imists feared that fewer would 
turn up than had demonstrated 
in die Gay Pride parade in 
Paris earlier in the summer. 

In fact, a half million young 
people were present for the 
first of the major events, last 
Thursday, when the Pope 
spoke in the vast park at the 
foot of the Eiffel Tower. 

Saturday night there were 
750,000 from 160 countries at 
die Longchamp racecourse in 
the Bois de Boulogne, at the 
edge of Paris. There was a vigil 
service, and the Pope baptized 

By William Pfaff 

fascinated by what happened, 
and have not stopped talking 
about it since. 

More than one commenta- 
tor has recalled John Lennon’s 
remark in the 1960s that the 

Beatles were more popular 
mat the 

several young people. 

vas folio 

A homily was followed by 
music, both classical and jazz, 
and eventually, as the night 
fell, there was singing and 
dancing. Most young people 
spent the night at the track, 
s leeping on ground-sheets that 
had been passed out 

Sunday morning, for the 
closing Mass under a blazing 
sun. with the temperature in the 
mid-JOs (mid-90s Fahrenheit) 
there were more than a million 
people — the largest crowd 
ever assembled in Paris. Tele- 
vision coverage of the three- 
hour service attracted 45 per- 
cent of the available audience. 

At the beginning of last 
week the Paris public had 
been ready to be bored by this 
affair, and by a Pope whose 
views on moral questions are 
widely considered outdated. 
In the event, the French were 

than Jesus, noting 
Beatles never had this big a 

The young people inter- 
viewed by the press did not, 
for the most part, fit a profile 
of the orthodox “good Cath- 
olic.” They often expressed 
skepticism about the Pope's 
positions on birth control, 
abortion, women’s ordina- 
tion, etc. Yet most said that 
they had come to this affair 
because of the Pope. 

Why the apparent contra- 
diction? It was the Pope ’s prin- 
ciples that drew them, even if 
they did not fully agree with 
his principles. It was the man's 
integrity, his transparent faith 
and conviction, and his cour- 
age, despite his frailty. 

The young people in their 
teens and Twenties who were at 
this event woe born to a gen- 
eration which, when it was the 
same age. was shaped by the 
upheavals of the 1960s, and 
experienced a revolutionary re- 
jection of its own parents’ ideas 
about society, family, and 
private and public morality. 

This 1960s generation felt 
itself liberated to set its own 
principles of life, rejecting 
hierarchies, patriarchies, tra- 
dition. established powers, re- 
pudiating the “canons” set by 
the famous dead white men. 
and moral codes established 
by repressed old men and 
women who knew nothing 
about life. People qow were to 
be free, independent, “self- 
actualizing” individuals. 

What counted was each 
person’s freedom to do 
whatever he or she wanted to 
do, within the professed lim- 
itation — observed too often 
in the breach — that it did not 

restrict others’ freedom to do 
whatever they wanted to do. 

All of this, as we now know, 
did not work out in an entirely 
positive way, and one apparent 
consequence is what was seen 
in Paris last weekend. A great 
many of the children of that 
1 960s generation feel that they 
were “deserted” by their par- 
ents. They were given no stan- 
dards. Thus they are drawn to 
this old man who really does 
believe in God, divine revel- 
ation, sacrifice of self, and an 
objective morality. 

They do not necessarily be- 
lieve ail that this person says, 
but they are greatly intrigued 
by him, and they are im- 
pressed that there should be 
such a man. 

Their interest in the Pope is 
in part a rebellion against their 
own parents, a symbolic turn- 
ing to a grandparent-figure, 
but it is also a rebellion against 
the still dominant ethic of the 
post- 1 960s. At least that is 
what these young people 
seemed to be saying. They are 
the children of confosiom they 
are looking for standards. 

All of this presumably does 
not mean that these young are 
going all to become militant 
Catholics. Theirs is a kind of 
existential testimony, a cry for 
faith, rather than of faith. 

What was clearly demon- 
strated was that just as the 
generation shaped by the 
1960s rejected the certainties 
of those who were formed by 
the great Depression, the 
Second World War and the 
early Cold War, a new gen- 
eration now has arrived to de- 
mand an account from its own 

This new generation is say- 
ing: You failed to transmit to 
us positive values in which 
you believed. We now must 
look for them elsewhere. 

A striking and even mys- 
terious sign held up in the 
crowd on Sunday said to the 
Pope: * ‘ You are our youth. 1 ‘ 

Iniernotiunal HeraU Tribune 

Los AngeL-s Times SynJh me. 

likely to offer a different op- 
erating system.” (The practice 
was banned in a 1994 antitrust 
consent decree with the Justice 

But Mr. Gates's business Tri- 
umphs do not yet qualify him as 
an innovator in the mold of, say, 
Edison or Ford. Ford is the best 
comparison. The similarities 
and differences are revealing. 

Both were early enthusiasts 
for a new technology. Ford 
tinkered in a woodshed to build 
his first car in 1896; Mr. Gales 
wrote software as a teenager. 
Ford did not personally invent 
any critical technical improve- 
ment to the car; as noted, the 
story is similar for Mr. Gates 
and the computer. What sep- 
arates the two is that Ford pi- 
oneered a system of mass pro- 
duction that altered all industry 
and the face of America. 

Before the Model T in 1908. 
cars were costly and scarce. 
Ford's decision to make only 
one model and his streamlining 
of production — including the 
adoption of the assembly line 
— changed that. From 1908 to 
1913, Ford’s output went from 
10.202 to 202,667 cars; by 1923 
it was 1 .8 million. His approach 
was widely copied. 

By contrast, the PC explosion 
has been driven by the growing 
power of chips to make com- 
puters more versatile and user- 
friendly. Microsoft may have 
slightly speeded the process by 
creating a dominant and rec- 
ognizable software that has- 
tened consumer acceptance. But 
it would still have proceeded 
rapidly, as the Internet shows. 
Mr. Gates was late to see its 
importance; it grew anyway. 

The point is not to vilify, or 
deify. Gates. His financial 
power is unquestioned. Every 
business craves a product 
monopoly and rapid growth. 
Microsoft has both. In the 
1990s. global PC sales have ris- 
en by 20 percent annually, says 
DataquesL More than 90 per- 
cent of the world's 250 million 
PCs run on MS-DOS or its suc- 
cessor, Windows. 

Microsoft has $9 billion in 
cash, despite $1.9 billion in an- 
nual R&D spending and some 
costly acquisitions, including 
$1 billion for 11.5 percent of 
Comcast, a cable TV operator. 
It also said it would buy WebTV 
Networks — whose technology 
allows television sets to use the 
Internet — for $425 million. 

Nor is the point to settle the 
raging debate about whether 
Mr. Gates is an energetic vis- 
ionary or a predatory compet- 
itor. A case can be made for 
either. T wo- thirds of Mi- 
crosoft’s business now is in 
competitive software markets. 
Microsoft gives away some key 
programs (for example, its In- 

ternet browser. Explorer) to 
market share. But Mr. 
’s constant striving, now 
apparently aimed at marrying 
the computer and television, 
main tains pressure for change. 

The more modest message is 
that the Gates stereotype is a 
stretch. He is not single- 
handedly remaking society. Us- 
ing the Internet instead of the 
telephone to buy a plane ticket is 
a change, not a revolution. What 
makes his stray so American 
and so compelling is the relent- 
lessness of his enthusiasm and 
the rawness of his ambition. 

He seems more like Vince 
Lombardi than Thomas Edison. 
“Winning isn’t everything,” 
Lombardi said. ‘It's the rally 
thing.” Mr. Gates brings that 
credo to cyberspace. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 




Simpler Government 

C AN smart use of the In- 
ternet make government 
more user-friendly? Yes. Mi- 
crosoft Chairman Bill Gates 
told America's governors meet- 
ing in Las Vegas last month. 

Clicking on a laptop com- 
puter, Mr. Gates showed ex- 
amples of advanced, inventive 
government Internet use — in- 
cluding an interactive Florida 
page on safety for children. 

Citizens can and should be 
able to use the Internet, said Mr. 
Gates, to renew auto lags, 
change a driver’s license address 
or review home sales on their 
street to see if their property 
taxes are fair. He cited Wiscon- 
sin’s "vendor net," which lists 
state government contracts and 
purchase requests and lets busi- 
nesses bid for them on-line. 

With intelligent use of die 
Internet, Mr. Gates argued, we 
can be spared long waits in line 
at agency offices or being left 
on hold when we call in fra 
information. We can keep up 
with government, and commu- 
nicate with legislators more of- 
ten and effectively than we ever 
could in person. 

So are we indeed ready for a 
more paperless society and gov- 
ernment? Well, why not? 

As the software gets better, 
we should be able to type in any 
kind of question, from local 
trash recycling rules to finding 
restaurants with health code vi- 
olations, and be guided easily to 
the right information. 

And there is no reason why 
screens on government infor- 
mation systems could not give 
us a complaint, inquiry or ap- 
plication Form that citizens can 
fire right back to the appropriate 
agency, whether it is the IRS. 
ihe state highway department or 
local parks and recreation. 

— Neal R. Peirce, in a 
syndicated column. 

/ f; : 



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■il. ,■* - 

1897: Royal Wedding 

COPENHAGEN — The mar- 
riage of Princess Ingeborg, 
daughter of the Crown Prince of 
Denmark, with Prince Carl of 
Sweden was solemnized this af- 
ternoon [Aug. 27] in the palace 
chapel. There was a brilliant 
assemblage of guests, which in- 
cluded the members of the Dan- 
ish and Swedish Royal families, 
the Dowager Empress of Russia 
and the Princess of Wales. The 
city was decorated with flags, 
and on leaving the church the 
bridge and bridegroom met 
with an enthusiastic reception 
from the people, who had as- 
sembled in large numbers. 

While American devotees are 
proud of the swift progress 
which has made it possible to 
enjoy the best music while com- 
fortably settled in their own 
drawing-rooms, the Parisian 
public, practically overnight, has 
awakened to find that it can hear 
singers and musicians while sip- 
ping an aperitif at a caff or shop- 
ping at a department store. 

-i' i 
> 3 .- 

If, . 


1947: Algeria Statute 

PARIS — The French National 
Assembly adopted the govern- 
ment s compromise statute for 

Algeria, granting this former 
' versa! 

1922: Music in Cafes 

PARIS — Sceptical at first and 
slow to adopt wireless broad- 
casting. France, and particularly 
Pans, are now beginning to 
show themselves converts with 
ingenuity added lo enthusiasm. 

colony universal suffrage, its 
own assembly and financial au- 
tonomy. But the future of Ai- 
S®ria is far from being settled. 
Moslem members of the As- 
sembly walked out of the debate 
last week and were not present 
for thefmai vote. French mem- 
bers from Algeria either voted 
against the government statute 
or abstained. 

4 wSL 





UU! a, i Imiovai 


End the Smog Days 
And Let Us Breathe 

By Paul H. Nitze 


-i-N BOR, Maine — For 
the past 60 years I have 
vacationed in Maine duiing 
the summer. One has only 
to visit the slate to under- 
stand why city people like 
to spend as much time here 
as possible. 

The notion of escaping 
to a beautiful, unspoiled 
landscape was one of the 
things that first prompied 
my annual journey. 

Today, unfortunately, 
the blanker of smog that 
often covers urban areas of 
the Eastern seaboard 
reaches all the way Down 
East. The clean air and 
clear ocean vistas that have 
been one of Maine's best 
features are disappearing. 
Daily weather reports 

new standards will go far 
toward assuring us that we 
have clean air to breathe. 

The agency estimates 
that these standards will 
save about 15,000 lives 
annually and significantly 
reduce the number of cases 
of chronic broachids and 
aggravated asthma. The 
agency has also proposed 
a reasonable plan for put- 
ting die new standards into 
effect, including providing 
time to allow the reductions 
to be accomplished in 
an affordable way. 

The primary focus will 
be dirty, outdated power 
plants. Not only do they 
produce a disproportionate 
share of the pollution, bur 
they also are the cheapest to 
bring into conformity with 

here now include not only the new standards, 
the tide schedule but also The new rules have en- 
the smog index — on many _ countered resistance. Many 
days we are warned that special interest groups are 

levels are unhealthy. 

From atop Acadia Na- 
tional Park’s Cadillac 
Mountain, the majestic 
view of (he Blue Hill pen- 
insula and Penobscot Bay 

The clean air 
and clear ocean 
vistas of Maine 
are disappearing , . 

only a few miles away is 
too often veiled in smog. 

Whether in Maine or 
the bis Northeastern cities, 
air pollution imperils our 
health. Not only do we have 
scientific evidence to prove 
it, but also many of us 
can clearly feel it, espe- 
cially those in the so-called 
high-risk groups like the el- 
derly and people with res- 
piratory disease (not to 
mention those who work 
and exercise outdoors!. 

At age 90, 1 notice these 
smog days. In the Jasl 
few summers 1 have been 
hit by some form of 
bronchial infection. 

This pollution is unac- 
ceptable. That’s why the 

Environmental • ftotectiorf 
Agency fesuedksmcter air- 1 
quality standards earlier this 
suramer.Based on hundreds 
of studies and supported by 
virtually all public health 
and medical groups, the 

urging Congress to delay 
and weaken them, arguing 
that the cost will be too high 
and that health professionals 
and scientists don't know 
what they’re talking about 
Bills are pending in each 
house that would overturn 
or modify the standards. 

But some members of 
Congress have begun to cir- 
culate letters to the White 
House declaring their sup- 
port for the new standards 
in an effort to head off the 
bills and show that a veto 
would stick. 

Representatives Sher- 
wood BoehJert. Republican 
of New York, and Henry 
Waxman. Democrat of 
California, have collected 
more than 145 signatures. 
Senators Alfonse D’Am- 
ato. Republican of New 
York, and Joseph Ueber- 
man. Democrat of Con- 
necticut. are circulating a 
similar letter. 

Each of us should be 
telling our elected represen- 
tatives to sign on; it is cru- 
cial that the administration 
receive early, unequivocal 
support for the new rules. 

The view from Cadillac 
Mountain tells us whv. 

1 The writer; a former 
arms negotiator, is on ihe 
board of (he Environmental 
Defense Fund. He contrib- 
uted this comment to The 
New York Times. 



Cambodia's Needs 

The coup d’etat in Cam- 
bodia not only shattered de- 
mocracy, but also shattered 
hopes of ending the civil war. 

The foreign governments 
that recognized the new Hun 
Sen regime are failing to 
support the peace process. 
They need to stay neutral; 
otherwise, they are pouring 
oil on the flames. 

So what is the solution 
for bringing peace to Cam- 
bodia? Where there are no 
neutral public institutions to 
enforce the rule of law, 
having elections does not 
make much sense. Cambodia 
needs a neutral public admin- 
istration and a nonpartisan 
police force and militaiy that 
serve the public, not their per- 
sonal bosses. Otherwise, the 
bloodshed will never end. 


Phnom Penh. 

Economic Questions 

Regarding "H"/rv Should a 
Society's Economic Burdens 
Be So Lopsided ?" ( Opinion . 
Aug. 2/1 bx William Pfaff: 

Mr. Pfaff asks a good ques- 
tion when he ponders 4 ‘why it 
should be taken for granted 
that workers should pay the 
costs of globalization while 
investors and management 
take the profits.” He noted 
that when he raised the same 
issue in an earlier article 
( Opinion . Jan. /Sj. The Econ- 
omist commented on it "’in a 
sneering tone” but did not 
answer the question. 

Why ami nor surprised? 

There are really two ques- 
tions. The first has to do with 
causation. In that sense, the 
answer to Mr. Pfaffs ques- 
tion is that capital and tech- 

When the Terror- Inspiring Ocean 
Conquers Even Fear of Ridicule 

Bv Richard Cohen 

W ATER MILL. New York — 1 
crew up on the ocean. I spent 
much of mv childhood on the beach, 
and when 1 got older and needed 
summer jobs, it was ro the beach 
clubs that 1 turned. The ocean is 
home, it’s where l come from. it‘s 
where 1 once made a living and 
where I return every summer. I love 
the ocean. 1 just won’t go in it. 

The ocean, famously, is full 
of fish, and 1 confess to fearing them 


all — especially the great white 
shark with its great while teeth. 1 
have seen this beast once in the 
movie "Jaws” and far more often in 
my imagination. In point of fact, it 
is commonly found wherever I am 
being urged to swim. Invariably, 
only I — is it my keen sense of 
smell? — can sense the danger. 

All my life 1 have declined in- 
vitations tc* go into the ocean. If 1 say 
the water is too cold. 1 am told that ii 
only feels that way for a little while. 
But why suffer for even a link while 
when ihe pool beckons. Besides be- 
ing closer to the telephone and the 
bathroom, the pool does not have 
crabs, stingrays or sea urchins — 
not to mention riptides, ebb tides, 
undertows or, in the Far East, tsuna- 
mis. ft*s also warmer. 

The summer before last. I spent 
an entire month living in a beach 

community and never once went 
into the ocean. 1 was very' proud of 
myself, because it meant mat 1 had 
finally conquered my fear. This is 
the fear of being mocked for having 
an irrational fear of the ocean. 

In my younger days, it was the 
fear of losing the affections of some 
dishy doll who thought there was 
DOthing so romantic as taking a dip 
in what 1 just knew were shark- 
infested waters. Given a choice be- 
tween two fears — losing the girl or 
losing my life — 1 chose the girl. To 
lose one’, I thought in teen-think, 
was the same as losing the other. 

I made the same choice in court- 
ing my wife. She is a lover of the 
ocean, and when we. were in the 
pant -pant phase of our relationship, 
we went daily to the beach. Each 
day, she would run off into the surf 
and 1 would follow, bracing for the 
cold and the certain confrontation 
with a shark or some giant psychotic 
squid of the sort that can crush a man 
in its tentacles, emitting a laugh 
heard only by other squid. 

But fear of ridicule propelled 
me into the waters of the Atlantic 
with my wife- to-be. In a fear of 
acting, the likes of which have 
not been seen since the late Kon- 
stantin Stanislavsky introduced the 
Method at the Moscow Art Theater, 

I pretended to enjoy what I was 
doing — w hich was never allowing 
my feet to touch bottom for fear of 

Los Angeles Tunes Syndicate 

rousing the slithering, toothy, be- 
c la wed things that live there. I had a 
smile on my face the entire time. 

But now my nuptials are well 
behind me. Mission accomplished. 
1 no longer go into the water, simply 
because I no longer have to. My wife 
pleads, suggests I have committed 
fraud by once intimating we would 
always swim together, smiling 
and singing nautical ditties. 

But such accusations are no 
match for fear and, anyway, in no 
state I have checked is this grounds 
for divorce. Since she knows she 
cannot get me past the surf, now all 


she asks is that I watch from shore. 

So I watch. Bur this watching 
has become just as angst-ridden 
as swimming. 1 ask myself, what 
would 1 do if I spotted one of those 
ominous fins slicing through the 
surf? Would I, in the" name of love, 
dash into the- water to distract 
the beast? Would 1 grapple with 
it, as in some movie? 

Or would I merely stir myself 
from my little beach chair, fling 
down my book, and simply yell; 
“Shark! Shark! Sweetie, a shark!” 

1 mean, what would be the 
sense of plunging into the water 

myself? 1 couldn't outswim a shark. 
It would only eat me as well. 

Clearly, this dilemma is not going 
to go away in my lifetime. 

The easy thing to do, of course, 
would be simply to abandon the 
ocean for the mountains. They, too, 
can be salubrious and, of course, 
beautiful. But then, they are full of 
snakes and bees and wasps and 
wolves and bears and hunters, which, 
when you think about it, are much 
more of a threat than, say, sharks. 

Especially if you don’t go in the 

The Washington Post 

Learn to Sit Back and Accept a Vacation's Invitation to Boredom 

nology are mobile and labor is 
not. So, capital and techno- 
logy flow to where labor is 
cheapest, managers and 
stockholders benefit, un- 
skilled local workers lose 
their jobs, end of story. The 
American sports shoe man- 
ufacturer Nike has beautifully 
illustrated this scenario. 

The second question, 
putting the emphasis on the 
word “should,” is about 
ethics, not economics. 
Economists (.and The Econo- 
mist} consider this question to 
be outside their domain. 

However, despite my 
association with economists. 
I believe that in a truly 
Christian society — or indeed 
any ethical society — man- 
agement and stockholders 
would treat their workers 
more like people and less 
like dirt- Also. CEOs might 
want to remember that 
workers still have votes. 

Fontainebleau. France. 

The writer is an economics 
professor at Insead. 

A Muslim Ritual 

The caption below the pho- 
tograph showing Hicham 
Guerrouj of Morocco (Aug. 7 i 
after he won die lp 00 - meter 
event at the athletics cham- 
pionships in Athens is incor- 
rect. Mr. Guerrouj is not 
"kissing the ground.” as 
stared in the caption, but is 
touching the ground with his 
forehead to give thanks for his 
victory .in the traditional 
Muslim way. This is called 
widah, of prostration, and is 
part of the Muslim ritual of 
five daily prayers. 

sabriyah faumah. 

Florence, Kentucky. 

The sun did not shine, it was 
too wet to play. 

So mv sat in the house, all that 
cold . cold wet da\ . 

/ sat there with Sully, ire sat 
there, mv two. 

And 1 said, how I wish ive had 
something ro do. 

— From “The Cat in 
the Hat“ by Dr. Seuss. 

was raining that vaca- 
tion day at the beach about 1 0 
years ago. and so we sat there, 
my husband, his family and 
I. under the shallow overhang 
at the motel, watching the rain 
splat on the sidewalk. No 
one talked much. Nothing of 
interest passed h>. The Cat 
in the Hat did not arrive to 
save us from ourselves. 

. .And I was bored, painful iv 
bored, struggling ;<? keep my- 
self afloat in the viscous flood . 
of my own discontent Fi- 
nally. 1 pulled out a book and 
hid ’ inside it. refusing to 
acknowledge what I should 
have known — my book was 
a glaring statement that I 
was no longer present. To 
advertise one’s boredom can 
be a claim of superiority, a 
refinement of sensibility. 

Vacation, much as wc 
idealize it, is an invitation for 
boredom. Some of us blast 
boredom out of the water w ith 
“adventure vacations” — it 
is hard to be bored while 
hanging over an abyss, fin- 
gers clawing at a wall’ of rock. 
Or boredom can be eluded by 
booking a vacation so full of 
sports, Activities, meals and 
sightseeing that there is no 
time to wonder if one is ac- 
tually having a good time. We 
armor ourselves with distrac- 
tions. follow the Cult of Bu- 
syness. cram our days with 
endless activity, all to avoid 
the State of Being Bored. 

We are obsessed with bore- 
dom, that peculiarly modem 
condition in which the world 
is drained of color and spice. 
Kids say they are bored, and 
zap themselves with video 
games to another world. 
Adults worry about their chil- 
dren ’s boredom, and manage 
their own by spending their 
afternoons shopping and their 
evenings flicking from chan- 
nel to channel to channel. 

But there is another choice; 
to make peace with boredom, 
to risk its approach. We can 
embrace idleness, sink into 
ihe hammock, laze on the 
beach, wander aimlessly 
along an unfamiliar street, 
follow’ no schedule, en- 
counter our own minds. Then, 
perhaps, we will realize that 
empty hours, the possibility 
of being without entertain- 
ment. need not be avoided. 

My in-laws know this. They 
are people for whom leisure is 
a rare and delicious commod- 
ity. They have worked hand all 
their lives, not to avoid bore- 
dom but because they came 
from coal-mining families and 
had five Lids. The rain that 
trapped me was allowing them 
the freedom to stop doing, 
xo sirnph- be. It would be 
many y ears before I could join 

them in such a state. 

Boredom, I've learned, 
is sometimes exactly what 
we need 

Once, there was no bore- 
dom. Or at least, there was 
no word to describe that st3te 
of mind. 

--The word boredom dales 
from the nineteenth century; 
ihe verb ro bore as a psy- 
chological term comes 
from The mid-eighteenth cen- 
mrv ’* wrote Patricia Meyer 

Bv Elizabeth Kastor 

Spacks. an English professor, 
in 1995 in her book “Bore- 
dom: The Literary History of 
a Slate of Mind.” 

"Lf life was never boring 
in premodem times.” she 
continued, "neither was it 
interesting, thrilling or excit- 
ing. in the modem sense 
of these words.” 

When a medieval writer 
described a man who “looks 
anxiously this way and that” 
and complains that no one 
ever visits him. that state 
was nor understood as 
boredom. Ms. Spacks said. 
The man was committing 
acedia, a “dangerous form 
of spiritual alienation."’ an 
absence of faith in the value 
of the world, and thus in 
its creator.’’ !r was 1 not an • 
emotional state but a sin. 

For boredom to exist, or 
for life to be considered ex- 
citing. Ms. Spacks posited, 
cultural changes had to occur. 
Leisure had to be clearly dif- 
ferentiated from work, which 
it was not in preindustrial 
society. People had to believe 
in a right to the “pursuit of 
happiness.” Then people had 
to figure out what to do with 
their free time. 

And perhaps most pro- 
found boredom could nol be 

Boredom could 
not be named 
until people 
became fascinated 
irith the inner 

named until people de- 
veloped a faith in and fas- 
cination with the individual 
and inner experience — my 
emotions, my life, my hap- 
piness. my boredom. 

Tins may be why so many 
teenagers seem so bored. 
To be a teenager is to be 
stranded in the fog of self- 
involvement — a state that 
gets boring pretty fast. 

Once we figured it out 
and gave it a name, boredom 
ceased to be a personal failing 
for which we were respon- 
sible. and became something 
that happened to us, was 
inflicted upon us. 

We are society’s victims, 
and boredom is our burden. 
The suburbs are boring. Our 
teachers are boring. Our par- 
ents are boring. Our jobs are 
boring. Commuting is boring. 
The world is boring, and we 
are bored by it. Quick, some- 
body turn, on the TV! 

Chris Privette, who works 
for the .American Association 
of Travel Agents, just 
got back from his vacation. 
He spent a week on a deck 
in Nantucket watching the 
boars sail by. That’s all. 
Just sitting. 

“1 can sit at home on a 
Saturday, read a book, but 
to me, "that’s boring,” Mr. 
Privette said. “But if I do the 
same thing on an Adirondack 
chair in Martha’s Vineyard 
— that's vacation.’ 

“You always feel on Fri- 
day night after work, you turn 
that hourglass over, and as the 
weekend goes by, you're 
watching those grains of sand 
falling. And when Saturday is 
over, you think, ’Geezl I got 
nothing done! Even in terms 
of relaxing and enjoying the 
weekend, l did nothing.’ But 
when you’re out of town, on 

vacation, you kind of feel, T 
don’t have to do anything. I 
don’t have a to-do list.' 

“It’s the idea that it’s your 
time, you can spend it 
how you want to. where 
you want to.” 

Mr. Privette was describ- 
ing something essential 
that differentiates refreshing 
leisure from stultifying bore- 
dom. according to Howard 
Tinsley, a psychology profes- 
sor at Southern Illinois 
University who studies leis- 
ure. Along with several other 
conditions, he theorized, “for 
individuals to have a satis- 
fying leisure experience, they 

need to have some perception 
of freedom of choice. ” 

Along with choice, we 
need a sense of commitment 
to what we’re doing. Without 
it, Mr. Tinsley said, “you’re 
just killing time.” 

That tie of commitment, 
the sense that we are 
connected to the world, that 
we matter and that what we 
are doing matters, can be 
erased easily — by depres- 
sion or fear or anxiety. Like 
a balloon whose string has 
slipped through a child’s 
careless hand, we float away 
into boredom. 

My 6-year-old son has 
since' birth craved intensity. 
He wants to do, not look. 

He loves games, sports, loud 
noises . fast music, new 
people, strong 'winds. He 
runs to meet the brightly 
colored world. 

Bat when the parade is over 
or the game done, when the 
day is winding down and so is 
he, what then? 


"What should I do-o-o?” 
he moaned at the end of a long 
active day this summer. There 
was a time when I tried to help 
him our of his boredom. Play 
with this toy, do that project, 
here’s a book, there's a ball. 
None of my suggestions ever 
sufficed, and it took me an 
embarrassingly long time to 
realize why. 

This time, anxious as 1 was 
to erase boredom from his life 
and mine, 1 offered no help. I 
simply stroked his hair and 
joined him in waiting. Finally, 
he stood up. “I know what to 
do now," he said, a little sur- 
prised. I can *t remember what 
be did, because it doesn't mat- 
ter. He had walked through 
boredom. In some private 
way that 1 could not see, he 
had reclaimed desire. 

This week, we are return- 
ing to the beach. 

But if it rains, 1 hope 
I'll know what to do. We'll 
try 3 not to worry about 
being bored. We’il sit in 
our chairs and watch. 

The (lujfjMisrtMi Pint 



The Strange Life 
of Frederick Exley 
By Jonathan Yardley. Illustrated. 255 
pages. 52 3. Random House. 

Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

Y OU can just hear Fred Exley cack- 
ling drunkenly over the phone {in a 
gravelly voice not unlike Billy Bob 
Thornton’s in “Sling Blade” and in 
language that couldn’t be printed here) 
at the news that he’s the subject of a 
biography by his friend Jonathan Yard- 
ley, “Misfit: The Strange Life of Fred- 
erick Exley.” 

It’s accompanied by a Modem Li- 
brary edition of Exley 's first and best 
book, the autobiographical novel “A 
Fan's Notes," with an introduction by 
Yardley. A Modem Library edition yet! 
This too would knock out Exley, except 
that, as Yardley makes clear in his bi- 
ography, he would secretly feel that he 
deserved it. 

Yardley, a columnist and book re- 
viewer for The Washington Post, never 
met his subject in person. As he explains 
in the prologue to “Misfit,” he wrote a 
complimentary reconsideration of “A 
Fan’s Notes” for The New Republic in 
1975, seven years after the novel’s pub- 

Exley was grateful and put Yardley 
on the long list of people (including this 
reviewer) he would telephone at all 
hours of the day or night from wherever 
he happened to be: Hawaii, Florida, the 
Lion's Head bar in Greenwich Village, 
Alexandria Bay, New York, on the Sl 
L awrence River, or his home- base just to 
the south, Watertown, New York. Even- 
tually. he asked Yardley to be his lit- 
erary executor. 

In writing more of an “informal por- 
trait” than a “laundry-list biography,” 
Yardley has followed Exley ’s boozy 
trail through his growing up in Wa- 
tertown, where football and his football- 
hero father (who died at 46 of lung 
cancer) were everything: through his 
two marriages (which produced two 

daughters), and through his siays in two 
menial institutions ( where he apparently 
started writing). 

Exley ’s outstanding characteristics 
seem to have been his all-encompassing 
self-absorption and sense of entitlement 
(his mother’s devotion had apparently 
taught him that the world owed him 
everything) and his dedication to drink- 
ing. Once, joining some friends at din- 
ner, he agreed to order a salad, “just in 
case I haven’t eaten.” The stales of 
unconsciousness these drinking bouts 
induced provoked one of his editors to 
describe him as “the only person whose 
self-winding watch stopped because he 
didn’t move.” 

Miraculously, out of this chaotic life 
came “A Fan's Notes,” Exley 's clown- 
ishly eloquent coming to terms with his 
conviction that people like him are bom 
to root instead of star. 

Yardley ’s main theory is that Exley 
was “a one-book author,” and that the 
only virtue of the other two volumes in 
Exley' s autobiographical trilogy, 
* ‘Pages From a Cold Island’ ’ ( 1975 ) and 
“Last Notes From Home” (1988). was 
to underscore the uniqueness of the 

Having asserted this view, he con- 
firms it by making “A Fan’s Notes” the 
lode stone of “Misfit” He describes its 
strengths and weaknesses so eloquently 
that you want to read it again. He makes 
the valid point that in acknowledging his 
status as a fan, Exley paradoxically 
made himself a star and then allowed his 
hunger for the adulation accorded a star 
to destroy him. 

But “A Fan’s Notes” so dominates 
“Misfit” that everything preceding its 
discussion is throat-clearing, and 
everything that follows it seems anti- 
climactic. Particularly beside the point 
is a chapter devoted to answering the 
question about Exley, as Yardley 
phrases it * ‘What was it — the ‘wound,’ 
the ‘rage ’ — that rendered him helpless 
in the conventional world, that isolated 
him in a universe of his own and then 
drove him to attempt to heal that wound 
by writing one of the masterly books of 
his time?” 

Was ir his father’s rejection of him? 
Was it some hidden youthful trauma? 
Was it ambiguous sexual identity? Or 
was it his hometown’s inhospitably “to 
people who did not fit in”? Yardley 
poses all these questions but fails to 
answer them. Exley 's greai secret 
eludes him, and one is tempted to con- 
clude that tike any other alcoholic. Ex- 
ley drank because he drank. And like 
many another writer, he wrote despite 
the drink (although never under its in- 
fluence, he insisted). 

More puzzling. Yardley writes in his 
prologue that the reason self-absorption 
is the “dominant characteristic” of our 
age is “a direct consequence of the 
influence of James Joyce and Sigmund 
Freud.” that what these two taught us is 
that “we should look inside ourselves 
and see the universe in miniature, and in 
writing abour ourselves we should de- 
scribe the universe for others.” 

One can understand why he would 
bring up Freud in this respect, although 
it requires getting far outside oneself to 
see die universe inside accurately. 

But why Joyce, perhaps the most ob- 
jective novelist of the century? Because 
of his use of interior monologue, with 
which described an entire city? Because 
of Stephen Dedalus's theories of an, 
most of which Joyce eventually rejec- 
ted, except for the part about the artist, 
“like the God of the creation,” remain- 
ing “within or behind or beyond or 
above his handiwork, invisible, refined 
out of existence, indifferent, paring his 
fingernails”? Yardley doesn’t explain. 

/N NE thing he has got right, however. 
V-/ Like Joyce, who no matter how far 
he wandered never left the Dublin of his 
imagination, Exley never got away from 
his hometown. And as Yardley per- 
suasively demonstrates, this accounts 
for the lasting strength of the prose in 
“A Fan's Notes.” As the concluding 
sentence of “Misfit” confirms, 
“Everything goes back ro Water- 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on 
the staff of The New York Times. 


By Alan Truscott 

T HERE are inferences to 
be drawn when the bid- 
ding takes a very unexpected 
turn. Without looking at the 
hand diagram, study the auc- 
tion shown in the diagram as 
far as six diamonds. 

North clearly has a very 
long diamond suit, and ex- 
pects to make a grand slam. 
He has shown no interest in 
controls, so he must have 
first-round control in at least 
three suits himself: he would 
nor risk such a bid if there 
were a danger that the defense 
could win the first two tricks. 
If he had one sure loser he 
would probably choose a 

slower route, so two major- 
suit voids are likely, improb- 
able as that is in theory. 

So if you are South, you 
should visualize a hand with 
enormous diamond length 
and a secondary club suit, 
with at leasr one major-suit 

North and South were A1 
Pagan of Westwood, New 
Jersey, and Wayne Roelke of 
Hawthorne, New Jersey, 
playing in Wyckoff, New Jer- 
sey. This was a match-point 
game, and Roelke gambled 
with seven no-trump, hoping 
for a top score. He was 
slightly unlucky. 

On any lead but a club, 13 
tricks would have rolled in: 
South can maneuver to dis- 

card dummy’s club losers be- 
fore he runs diamonds. But it 
happened that West had an 
obvious lead of the club jack, 
which destroyed South’s 
communications. All he 
could do was to run diamonds 
and go down two, losing two 
club tricks at the finish. 

If South had formed an ac- 
curate picture of his partner’s 
hand, as he could have done, 
he would probably have bid 
seven diamonds. The 
singleton club was an omi- 
nous sign: if he had held a 
doubleton club the threat to 
the partnership’s communi- 
cations would have been less 
serious, and seven no-trump 
would have been a perfectly 
reasonable venture. 


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PAGE 10 



Under the Earth’s Volcanoes, Millions of People at Risk 

By Sandra Blakeslee 

New York Times Service 


EW YORK — Planet Earth 
is planning some spectacular 
volcanic fireworks, and mil- 
lions of people worldwide 
to have ringside seats, 
next show could start anytime, 
almost anywhere. It might be Mexico 
City, where a 17,000-foot (5,1 80-meter) 
volcano name d Popocatepetl is spewing 
ash and poisonous gases toward 20 uni- 
lion homes: it conoavably could explode 
with the force of 10,000 atomic bombs. 

Or it might be Vesuvius, the famed 
volcano that looms over Naples and 
surrounding Italian towns, home to 11 
million people. A small volcano called 
Soufriere Hills is erupting now on the 
Caribbean island of Montserrat, and has 
already driven most of the island's 
people from their homes and farms. 

There are about 1,500 active vol- 
canoes, not counting hundreds more un- 
der the oceans, ana any of them could 
erupt at any time, said Dr. Tom Cas- 
adevail, western regional director of the 
U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, 

Meanwhile, the number of people 
living on the sides of volcanoes and in 
the valleys below has skyrocketed, said 
Dr. Stanley Williams, a volcanologist at 
Arizona Stare University in Tempe. At 
least 500 million people live danger- 
ously close to volcanoes, he said. Many 
dwell in megacities in Asia and Latin 
America — Tokyo, Manila, Jakarta, 
Mexico City, Quito — or in cities of at 
least a milli on. In the United States, the 
people of Seattle and Tacoma, Wash- 
ington, live in the shadow of Mount 
Rainier, a 13,000-foot volcano whose 
mudflows have swept through the lo- 
cales where the cities are now located. 

People have been drawn to volcanoes 
for centuries because the soils are rich 

Volcanoes stud the edges of the plates of the 
Earth's crust; many of them are near concentrations 
of people. The International Association of Volcan- 
ology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior has 
designated 15 active volcanoes as “decade 
volcanoes," to be closely watched and studied. 

1. Merapi, Indonesia 

2. Taal, Philippines 

3. Unzen, Japan 

4. Salons jima, Japan 

5. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea 

6. Mauna Loa, United States 

7. Rainier, United States 

8. Colima, Mexico 

9. Santa Maria/Santiagulto, 

10. Galeras, Colombia 

11. Teide, Spain 

12. Vesuvius, Italy 

13. Etna, Italy 

14. Santorini, Greece 

15. Niragongo, Congo 

The Kn York Tana 

and old volcanic mudflows make nice 
flat areas for settlement. Dr. Williams 
said. As population rises and land gets 
scarcer, the problem is getting worse. 

Most of the time, the people who 
colonize danger areas don't know any 
better. And the people who do know 
better — scientists and civil disaster 

officials — “are not always listened 
to,” said Dr. Grant Heiken, a volcan- 
ologist at the Los Alamos National Lab- 
oratory in New Mexico. 

For example, scientists issued a 
warning when a high volcano, capped 
with ice. began rumbling in the moun- 
tains of Colombia in 1985. On Nov. 13, 

the ice cai 

snow fields, picked up debris and went 
roaring down the sice of the volcano 
toward villages. Hie residents were 
warned that night that a large volcanic 
mudflow was on the way. Dr. Heiken 
said. “But it was r ainin g. People said. 

above the town of 
Ruiz. The eruption melted 

‘Why worry, the volcano is far away. 
They had only to walk 100 yards to a tun 
to be safe,’ ' he said. * ‘That night 26,000 
people died.” 

Scientists were horrified, said Dr- 
Chris Newhall, a volcanologist at the 
U.S. Geological Survey at the Uni- 
versity of Washington in Seattle. This 
episode and other natural disasters 
prompted the United Nations to declare 
the 1990s the International Decade of 
Natural Hazard Reduction, he said. 

But the UN did not have money for 
the program. Dr. Newhall said. So the 
scientists began taking action on their 
own. “We volcanologists got together 
and scratched our heads for ideas," he 
said. “We came up with three.” 

First, they made a video that depicts 
what volcanoes can do to people and 
property, with such horrifying accuracy 
that it is not recommended for children 
under 15. It is being shown to mayors 
and other public officials in charge of 
getting people to evacuate when vol- 
canoes threaten to explode. 

Second, the scientists pickedl5 vol- 
canoes around the world to study in- 
tensely. These so-called decade volca- 
noes are near large population centers 
and could erupt any time. Workshops 
have been held at most of them, bringing 
together scientists and disaster relief 
officials from the local regions. 

Third, there has been an effort to better 

predict when volcanoes will erupt. 

Although progress has been made, 
volcanologists face a couple of intract- 
able problems. Dr. Williams said. One is 
the tendency for people to deny danger 
even when it is obvious. Also, once a 
threat is passed, they tend to dismiss it_ 

* ‘They forget that grandma once told 
a story about how her grandmother was 
killed by a volcano," he said. 

And second is the sheer perversity of 
volcanoes. They may show all signs and 
symptoms of erupting and then quiet 

down, leading the public to ac- 
cuse scientists of “crying wolf. 

A few things send volcanologiws 
running for the hills. Dr. Newhall said. 
If a volcano starts to produce low.har- 
monic tremors, a steady hum of seismic 
waves, for tens of minutes or hours, it’s 
time to run. It means magma is rising up 
the conduit and building gas pressure. 

Recent studies on decade volcanoes 
also point to another fore warning: sulfur 
dioxide levels sometimes drop right -b©: 
fore the big blast. The trouble is, other 
volcanoes do not give these warning 

signs before they explode. 

The major cause of death in vol- 
canoes is not hot lava or rivers of mud, 
but rather glowing clouds of supernot 
gas and ash particles that sweep down 
the volcano's flank and across theca un- 
tjyside at 60 miles an hoar, vaporizing 
everything in their path. These pyro- 
clastic flows can knock down stone 
walls 10 feet thick and have killed thou- 



ads of people i 
Newhall sai 

:ople in less than two minutes, 
said. - - - 

F ROM watching volcano mo- 
vies and films of the rather 
gentle volcanoes in Hawaii, 
people think they can walk 
away from danger. Dr. Heiken said. Hie 
volcanologists' video shows them oth- 
erwise. It is very graphic, showing dead 
bodies, he said. “When people see it . 
they gulp and say, ‘Could that really 
happen here?' ‘How far did you say the 
town was from that volcano?’ ’ 1 

In 1991, a rough cut of the newly 4 
made video was rushed to the Phil- ™ 
ippines, where Mount Pinatubo was 
threatening to erupt. The day after it was 
shown on television, 50,000 people 
evacuated voluntarily. A few days later 
the volcano erupted, spewing 12 cubic _ 
kilometers of material. “We are con- 
vinced that the video saved tens of thou- 

, r I ' rv. ■ ■■ 

Is This the Big One? 
El Nino Gears Up 

But the Tropics Are Eerily Quiet 

By William K. Stevens 

New York Times Sen-ice 

N EW YORK — As the latest 
version of die powerful 
weather-maker known as El 
Nino develops into a giant of 
its breed in the tropical Pacific, fore- 
casters are beginning to get a clearer 
idea of how and where its impact will be 
felt globally in the weeks and months 

For openers, there may be good news: 
El Nino has called into serious question 
earlier forecasts of an unusually active 
Atlantic hurricane season. The warming 
Pacific waters that define El Nino 
spawn wide-ranging atmospheric con- 
ditions that cany over into the Atlantic 
and tend to abort developing hurricanes. 
And as the 1997 hurricane season enters 
what should be its busiest period, the 
tropical regions that give rise to the big 
storms are almost eerily quiet. 

“We’re seeing a dead Atlantic at the 
moment; there's nothing going on out 
there” and El Nino is surely the reason 
why, said Vernon Kousky, an expert at 
the Climate Prediction Center of the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- 
ministration in Camp Springs, Mary- 

But come winter, El Nino may not be 
so benign. If the forecasters are right, it 
will bring abnormally high rainfall to 
California and virtually the entire south- 
ern tier of the United States. The last 
time El Nino appeared with strength 
comparable to this year's, in 1982-83, 
California and much of the southern tier 
were drenched again and again, causing 

floods, mudslides and general climatic 
havoc. Worldwide that year. El Nino 
caused more than 1,000 riearti* and ex- 
acted staggering economic costs. 

[Scientists at a three-day United Na- 
tions- sponsored conference in Geneva 
forecast that the El Nino brewing in the 
Pacific may be the largest climate event 
of the century, setting off an unprece- 
dented number of global disasters. The 
Associated Press reported. 

[Water temperatures are rising off 
Ecuador and Peru, indicating the new 
system will be a powerful one. “It will 
likely be the biggest El Nino in 150 
years,” climatologist Jagadisfa Shukla 

Already, early signs of El Nino’s 
work are appearing in other parts of die 
world. Indonesia is drier than normal, 
.for example, and the forecasters expect 
this situation to widen into a drought 
affecting the entire region, including 
Australia. That is characteristic of El 
Nino. So are the heavy rains that have 
recently fallen in Chile, giving that 
country a year’s supply of precipitation 
in two drenching downpours. The weak 
monsoon and dry conditions now being 
experienced in Pakistan and northwest- 
ern India, the breadbasket of the Indian 
subcontinent, are also characteristic of 
El Nino disturbances. 

El Nino is a vast pool of abnormally 
warm water that is brought about from 
time to time by oscillations in atmo- 
spheric pressure and ocean movements 
in the equatorial Pacific. 

Until recently, this pool materialized 
every two to seven years, but in the 
1990s die warm El Nino waters have 

Departure of July 1997 sea-surface temperatures 
from average for 1950 to 1979 (in degrees centigrade) 

0(-13°F) <© © © ® ® 

©t+9 6 ^ 

Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center ' ■ ■ 

been in place most of the time. Why this 
is so is not clean some scientists suspect 
that it may be somehow related to global 
wanning, but others disagree. 

In any case, the warmer ocean pumps 
more energy and moisture into the at- 
mosphere, and this in turn alters wind 
and rainfall patterns around the world. 
The nature and severity of the resulting 
disturbances is directly related to how 
warm the equatorial water gets. 

J UST now, equatorial water off 
South America is about 9 de- 
grees Fahrenheit (5 degrees 
centigrade) above normal, ac- 
cording to the Climate Prediction Center, 
and it is expected to warm further in the 
moaths ahead, reaching a peak from Feb- 
ruary to April, when the equatorial waters 
would normally be warmest. This year, 
the water is already as warm os it was in 
the winter of 1982-83, when El Nino’s 
bite was its sharpest of the 20th century. 

The forecasters are confident that 
California and the southern tier will 
experience abnormally heavy rainfall 
this winter and next spring, Mr. Kousky 
said, because that has been the invari- 
able result when El Nino is at its 
strongest. But whether the abnormal 

precipitation will actually translate into 
the havoc of 1982-83, he said, depends 
on how the atmospheric circulation pat- 
terns that transport storms from the Pa- 
cific to the West Coast and across the 
continent develop. 

El Nino, when it materializes, presents 
forecasters with an especially good pre- 
dictor of weather trends months in ad- 
vance: without it, they are hard pressed 
to make long-range predictions. With El 
Nino’s aid, the Climate Prediction Cen- 
ter has just issued a forecast for January 
through March of next year. 

The forecast calls for highei-than-nor- 
mal precipitation for most of California, 
New Mexico. Arizona, most of Texas, 
the Gulf Coast, Florida and eastern Geor- 
gia, South Carolina and North Carolina. 
Below- normal precipitation is predicted 
for the Ohio Valley, the Midwest east of 
the Mississippi and Montana. Else- 
where, including the Northeast, normal 
rain, snow, ice and sleet are forecast. 

The prediction says that warmer- 
than- normal temperatures will prevail 
on the West Coast and most of the 
northern tier of the country as far east as 
the Great Lakes, but it is expected to be 
colder than normal in much of the 

Diet Pills May Harm 
Brain, Study Finds 

By Terence Monmaney 

Los Angeles Times 

L OS ANGELES — Barely a 
month after doctors l inke d 
popular weight-reducing drugs 
to dangerous heart problems, 
these prescription medications are un- 
der fire again for possibly destroying 
brain cells. 

• In a‘ new analysis of 71 studies on 1 
' laboratory animals, Natiohaflnslitiite of 
Mental Health researcbers say that fen- 
fluramine, part of the combination 
called fen-phen, and dexfenfluramine, 
or Redux, appeared to kill off portions 
of some brain cells at doses roughly 
comparable to those that people take. 

Some 50 million people worldwide 
take the drugs, which suppress appetite, 
evidently by altering how brain cells 
release die neurotransmitter serotonin. 

It is not known whether the drugs 
affect human beings the same way, but 
the researchers say that the brain dam- 
age observed in laboratory animals — 
especially monkeys — is cause for cau- 

In the same report, which appeared 
Wednesday in the Journal of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, the research- 
ers also summarize the largely accepted 
clinical evidence that the drugs dra- 
matically raise a person’s risk of im- 
paired blood circulation in the lungs, a 
rare but sometimes fatal disorder called 
primary pulmonary hypertension. 

The study’s lead author, Dr. Una Mc- 
Cann, said the researchers wanted 
people who were considering taking 
these drugs “to be aware of the possible 
adverse effects.” 

Given such risks, she said, it might be 
justifiable only for people who are 

"morbidly obese” to take the drugs if 
all other weight loss therapies have 
failed. Some 300,000 Americans a year 
reportedly die of complications of 

The manufacturer of Redux, Wyeth- 
Ayerst Laboratories, said in a statement 
that the neurotoxicity data was “noth- 
ing new" and that millions of people 
have taken Redux in the last decade 
without showing signsofbrain'dam-; 
•••■age. • ~ "!* ■ -p ■ ;r ' :T - f - ’ • 

StSL thb "company - aimo\tode<f 1 last ■ 
week that it would begin a long-range 
study to monitor mental and neurolog- : 
ical changes in people taking the drug. 

A neuroscientist who has studied die - 
drugs' effects on animal brain tissue, 
James O’Callaghan of the National In- . 
statute for Occupational Safety and 
Health, said that the evidence did not- 
support the conclusions of Dr. Mc Cann 
and her colleagues. 

“I’ve done many, many experiments 
on these compounds.” he said, “and 
never found any evidence that the com- 
pound causes twain damage." 

I N a way, the controversy is a 
largely matter of interpretation.". 
Many studies have found changes 
in the brains of animals fed or ^ 
injected with fenfluramine and dexfen- 

Among those changes is a markedly 
diminished ability of the spindly 
branches of certain brain cells to re- 
spond to the neurotransmitter serotonin, 
as shown in neurochemical tests of 
autopsied brain tissue. 

The question is whether such changes 
represent lasting or permanent “dam- 
age” to the animals’ brain cells, as Dr. 
McCann and her colleagues suggest. 



i Harper an the 
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18 Guinea pig, in a 

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90 Intentionally 
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41 Babies 
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54 Caboose, 

57 Print 

58 August hra. 

Solution to Puzzle of Aug. 27 

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There’s a World Beneath Our Feet 

By Sally Squires 

Washington Post Service 

beach goers wiggle their 
toes in the sand, they in- 
advertently dip info a vast 
subterranean world filled with millions 
of microscopic creatures. 

“There is this whole zoo under your 
feet,” said Bruce C. Coull, dean of the 
University of South Carolina's School 
of the Environment in Columbia. 
* ‘Every time you make a footprint in the 
sand you either kill, distribute or move 
thousands of these creatures.” 

At less than one millimeter long, so 
tiny that they cannot be seen by the 
naked eye, these invertebrates inhabit 
miles of beaches, marshes and mud flats 
from the Arctic Ocean to the tropics. 
Many are so minute that they spend their 
lives wedged between individual grains 
of sand. Under the microscope, they 
emerge as ferocious-looking creatures 
with elaborately shaped jaws. Some 
have spiked appendages jutting from 
their heads, and most have spidery hairs 
along their bodies. 

Marine biologists are quick to em- 
phasize that these tiny crearures, which 
are collectively known as meiofauna. 
pose no threat to humans or other an- 
imals on the beach. 

“You can’t see them, you can’t feel 
them and they don’t do anything to 
you,” said Wolfgang Sterrer, curator of 
the Bermuda Natural History Museum 
and Aquarium and the discoverer of 
about 70 species of microscopic worm- 
like animals known as gnathostomulida. 
“But should you take a handful of sand 

home and put a little bit on a petri dish 
and under a microscope, then you would 
see that it is full of life.” 

In fact, teeming with life. Duane 
Hope, a research zoologist with the Na- 
tional Museum of Natural History, part 
of the Smithsonian Institution, once cal- 
culated that a man with size 9'/5i feet 
standing on the beach would in effect be 
resting on 3,000 to 1.2 million of these 
tiny animals, just in the top centimeter 
of sand. “There’s more to the beach 
than meets the eye,” he said. 

Researchers are only beginning to 
understand the diversity of these 

These microscopic 
invertebrates inhabit 
miles of beaches 
and marshes. 

creatures and the important role they 
play in maintaining coastal environ- 
ments throughout the world. 

Among the most common are nem- 
atodes, also known as threadworms or 
roundworms. Although compact, these 
transparent creatures come complete 
with sophisticated digestive, nervous 
and reproductive systems. Fertilization 
is internal. Females have a uterus. Many 
of these tiny nematodes have amphids 
elegantly shaped spirals and hooks that 
protrude from their heads and serve as a 
nose and that are sensitive to chemical 
changes in ihe marine environment. 
Jneir elongated bodies are often 

covered with setae, modified hair-like 
structures that propel them between 
grains of sand. 

Some of the most ancient microscop- 
ic beach crearures are thegnathostomui- 
ida, an exotic group of nearly 100 dif- 
ferent species of worm-like animals. 
They have the ability to live on the 
surface of the beach and consume oxy- 
gen or burrow deep into the sand and 
live without it, a trait that makes them 
highly adaptable. “They have been a 
bafflement to people for years and also 
have great significance for evolution ” 
Dr. Coull said. Speculation is “that they 
could be some of the original forms of 
hfe . . because they don’t require 
oxygen Many gnathostomulida are 
hermaphrodites that attach to sand 
grams and move very little throughout 

ttiua ana in salt mars he 
entists have been asking that si 
German zoologist Adolf Rema 
discovered this community of 
tsms in the 1 920s. He had been a 
as a graduate student to catalogs 
creatures in the marine environn 
Germany’s Kiel Bay. Dr. Remj 
cided to start with the beach, wj 
thought would be lifeless and q 
catalogue. “But he made the mil 
being too thorough and appliec 
croscope ro look at it,” Mr. Sterr 
Lo and behold, he discover® 
multitudes of very strange organ 
Since then, researchers have 
evidence that the crearures 

against the build-up of deadS c 



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Sunny Financial Days ? 
Japan 9 s Waiting Game 

Public and Analysts Assess the Gloom 

By Velisarios Kattoulas 

international Herald Tribun e 

- 1 .PKYO — The cook, the bather, his 
’ wrfe and the printer shared high hopes 
for the summer. 

Two months ago they hoped the 
scorching sun and the passage of riiw. 
would dull the pain from tax increases in 
April and send customers flooding into 
their shops along a narrow lane in cen- 
tral Tokyo. 

But the summer was cooler than usu- 
al, the pain from sales and income-tax 
increases lingered, and customers 
showed up only in trickles. 
r “Business was better last year/* 
Kazuyoshi Maezawa, the barber, said. 
‘ ‘Maybe business is going to level off at 
this pace, but I’m worried that it could 
get even slower.” The summer, when 
people rush for short haircuts during 
Japan’s perennial heat wave, is nor- 
mally the busiest time of year for the 

“ If we had any employees, we would 
have been in trouble because we are not 
going to earn as much as we did last 
year,” said Toshiko, his wife, as she 
stood in the deserted barbershop Mr. 
Maezawa's father opened in 19S9. 

‘‘You can’t just go cutting salaries, 
but because only family work here we 
can sort of get by,” she said, adding that 
their sales were down about a 10th com- 
pared with last summer. 

With the exception of big exporters, 
shopkeepers and manufacturers have 
suffered the same paucity of customers 
across Japan this summer. The gov- 

ernment insists that the latest setback is 
only temporary. 

Despite those assurances, however, 
analysts fear the Japanese economy 
could suffer another spell in the 
doldrums before staging an ane m ic re- 
bound next year. 

“The economy will get going some 
time next year, but until then it's going 
to be pretty miserable,” said Richard 
Jertam, chief economist at ING Baring 
Securities in Tokyo. “There is decent 
momentum based on low interest rates 
and booming exports — once the gov- 
ernment stops squeezing.” 

When the government stops raising 
taxes, he added, "the economy will go 
forward a little faster.” 

Mr. Jerrara expects the economy here 
to grow by just 1 percent in the year that 
ends next March 31, compared with 
growth the previous year of 3-5 per- 

Government and central bank offi- 
cials insist that the economy is still on 
track, despite an increase in die sales tax 
from 3 percent to 5 percent and the end, 
in April, of a special income-tax cred- 

Officials insist that Japan will meet 
the government’ s forecast of 1 .9 percent 
growth in gross domestic product in the 
fiscal year ending next March. 

Yasuo Matsushita, governor of the 
Bank of Japan, said Wednesday that 
Japan was "continuing its modest re- 
covery” on the back of strong exports 
and rising spending by companies on 
new plant and machinery. 

"We understand that some indica- 

tors, such as department store sales, 
continue to show year-on-year falls due 
to the tax hike and unseasonable sum- 
mer weather conditions," Mr. Mat- 
sushita said. "But as labor and wage 
conditions continue to improve steadily, 
the trend of the recovery of consumer 
spending has not been lost.” 

He added, “The underlying cyclical 
mechanism is working progressively 
and sufficiently, so there is a high pos- 
sibility that the economy will extend the 
recoveiy, although the pace is expected 
to remain moderate.” 

At the same time, however, Eisuke 
Sakakibara, deputy finance minis ter for 
international affairs, was quoted 
Wednesday as saying that he was more 
concerned about the economy than he 
had been two months ago. 

"We have started to feel some con- 
cern about the weakness of consump- 
tion and the equity markets in the last 

two weeks,” Mr. Sakakibara said. 

Amid few signs that the government 
was worried enough to try pump-prim- 
ing the economy, die Tokyo stock mar- 
ket’s key benchmark ended Thursday at 
its lowest level in about four months. 

The Nikkei 225 fell 373.04 points, or 
1.98 percent, to finish at 18,441.94, its 
lowest since it closed at 18,352.14 on 
April 19. 

On Friday, the government is likely to 
report that industrial production rose 1 . 1 
percent in July from June, according to a 
Bloomberg News survey. 

That is below -the Ministry of In- 
ternational Trade and Industry’s fore- 
cast of a 1 .3 percent increase. 

For the post two years, Motoyasu 
Sato, has worked as a cook at Kou, a 
restaurant up the street from the Maez- 
awa's barbershop known for the fresh 

See COOL, Page 15 

Don’t Dramatize Data 
On German Inflation, 
Tietmeyer Warns 

By John Schmid 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Hans Tietmeyer, 
the president of the German central 
bank, warned Wednesday against 
"dramatizing” the latest German in- 
flaaonfigures, signaling that an increase 
in interest rates was not imminent 

With a West German inflation rate 
running at 2 percent, financial markets 
this week seized on the latest raff of 
reports as evidence that the Bundesbank 
will need to tighten German credit to 
slow price increases. 

Referring to the latest Inflation data, 
Mr. Tietmeyer said, "That is of course, 
something that causes me a few con- 
cerns, although 1 do not want to dram- 
atize this topic.” 

The Bundesbank left its key money 
market rate unchanged Tuesday, setting 
the 14-day tender for securities repur- 
chase funds, or repos, at a fixed rate of 
3.0 percent. 

The bank left the rate unchanged even 
though it said that West German in- 
flation rate rose at an annualized rate of 
2.3 percent in the six months to mid- 
August, up from 2 .4 percent in July, and 
that the inflation pressures were caused 
by rising oil prices. 

"I only want to add a note of cau- 
tion” on those figures, he said, which 
reflect "the special factors.” 

The bank’s next opportunity to make 
a move on interest rates will be at its 
weekly securities repurchase auction 

Mr. Tietemeyer also said the Bundes- 
bank would take into account the impact 
of its interest rate moves on its European 

“We are responsible to the German 
people, but we also recognize our re- 
sponsibility to Europe; that means we 
must, of course, with our decisions, pay 
attention to the effect on our neighbors, 
just as they must do to us,” he said. 

In other economic developments, Mr. 
Tietmeyer said exports remained the 
driving force in Germany’s recovery. 
Bui he said capital spending, domestic 
demand and depressed construction ac- 
tivity remained "problem areas.” 

Mr. Tietmeyer said the economy 
lacked strong dynamics. 

After recently expressing concern over 
the weakening Deutsche mark against the 
dollar, Mr. Tietmeyer said the mark had 
undergone a moderate collection. 

European leaders, meanwhile, had 
been concerned over the effects of a 
German interest rate rise on their econ- 
omies as they try to meet the criteria for 
the planned single currency. 

Bank of France chief. Jean -Claude 
Trichet, said Wednesday the central 
bank’s goal was to maintain the cur- 
rency confidence, which had allowed 
record low market interest rates and dial 
there was no “automatic" link between 
German and French rates. 

Mr. Trichet stuck firmly to his tra- 
ditional line that the Bank of France’s 
mission was to uphold confidence in the 

See MARK, Page 12 

Malaysia Drops Land Tax for Foreign Buyers 

Gmp&d byO*rSa& From Dupaeka 

KUALA LUMPUR — Malaysia 
is ending a special tax on real estate 
purchases by foreigners and will de- 
vise other measures to guard against 
a ballooning trade deficit. Deputy 
Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim said 

wbo ■ also is die finance minister. 
Malays'ta will “substantially” re- 
duce the deficit, using “very cough 
measures," he said. 

Malaysia reported a trade deficit 
of 2.8 billion ringgit ($1 billion) for 
June, compared with a surplus of 
156.2 million ringgit in May. Anar 
lysts said tire economy, which is still 

relatively strong despite slowdowns 
in other Pacific countries, was suck- 
ing in imports like machinery and 
consumer goods, widening the trade 

The ringgit has slumped 12 per- 
cent against the dollar since early 
July, while speculative attacks have 
forced Malaysia ro raise interest 
rates to defend the currency. The 

cost of imports, moreover, which 
could contribute to a widening of 
Malaysia’s current-account deficit 
“As long as you have a huge trade 
deficit, the ringgit will get weak,” 
said Ng Bok Eng, senior economist 
at Daiwa Institute of Research in 
Singapore. Although a weak ringgit 
is good for exporting companies, it is 

bad for those with debts denom- 
inated in other currencies and its fall 
discourages foreign investment. 

Although it is not expected to have 
much effect on a slumping real estate 
market. Mr. Anwar announced the 
end of a 100.000 ringgit tax on prop- 
erty purchases by nonresidents, a 
levy intended to keep prices within 
reach of Malaysians- . . 

Mr. Anwar said the waiver of the 
tax would apply to property costing 
more than 250,000 ringgit. For less 
expensive real estate, foreigners 
would have to obtain official approv- 
al, he said, and other restrictions on 
foreign ownership would remain. 

"There is a supply of houses 
above 250,000 ringgit,” he said 
when asked why die levy was abol- 

ished. “We want to protect the low- 
and medium-price houses. Foreign- 
ers can buy die others.” 

“They’re trying to get foreign 
money to come back," said Liew 
Yin Sze, chief economist at J. M. 
Sassoon & Co. in Singapore. “The 
problem now: Foreigners aren’t in- 
terested in the KL market You can 
see capital flight”. 

Mr. Anwar’s comments briefly 
lifted Kuala Lumpur stock prices, 
but shares slipped back. 

"A lot of people are looking at a 
slowdown in the property sector, and 
the perception is that there is not 
much price upside in properties," 
said Edward Ong, property analyst at 
Schroder Research. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters. AFP, AP) 

‘ T will ha ve a defimte plan to deal 
with the cuixentaccounrdeficit with- 
in several weeks/' said Mr. Anwar, .weak .ringgit "also has increased rite 


Return on Equity: A New Watchword in Japan 

By Miki Tanikawa 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — In Japan’s ex- 
utive suites these days, 
ere is a Dew concent on 
anagers’ minds. 

No longer concentrating on 
panding their sales or ex- 
its, corporate chieftains are 
cusing on increasing the fi- 
nciaJ return on the funds 
trusted to them by share- 
ilders. Return on equity, one 
the most closely watched 
uges in the West, is used to 
re up the value of a com- 
ny's shares, compared with 
her investments. 

Japan’s recent fascination 
ith return on equity is an 
u strati on of a new manage- 
ent trend: Corporate matt- 
ers in Japan are finally fo- 
sing on shareholders, 
via ting from a past in which 
m pam es were known to 
ve their investors the re- 
"■ct a dog has for its fleas. 
'Basically, this trend 

shows that coiparate man- 
agers in Japan have .at long 
las t come to think about 
shareholders,” said Shozo 
lshibashi, general manager of 
the mvestment-bankirig-re- 
search department at Nomura 

Ontrai to this thinking, 
analysts say, is a newfound 
emphasis on returns and ef- 
ficiency, rather than the 
growth-at-all-cost approach 
that characterized are late 
1980s. p , 

It was the days of souJ- 
searching that followed the 
burst of the “bubble econ- 
omy” that prompted Japa- 
nese corporations to rethink 
the conventional emphasis on 
growth and market share, 
says Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, 
managing director of Mit- 
subishi Corp-. which publicly 
pledged to raise its return on 
equity from the 1995 level of 
3.5 percent to 6 percent by 
March 1998. 

“During the bubble period, 

companies worshiped size 
over quality in a go-go style 
expansion. People just didn't 
care about return,” said Mr. 

But now, they do. From 
such - top exporters as Toyota 
Motors Co., NEC Corp., 
Hitachi Ltd, and Toshiba 
Corp., to financial institutions 
including Bank of Tokyo- 
Mitsubishi, Sumitomo Bank 
and Industrial Bank of Japan, 
to giant traders like Mit- 
subishi Corp., Marubeni 
Corp. and Mitsui & Co., in- 
troducing or announcing tar- 
get ROE — return on equity 
— has become a raging phe- 
nomenon in ever-widening 
sections of the Japanese in- 

"For the first time, Jap- 
anese companies have come 
up with an external gauge 
with which to measure the 
company's performance,” 
said Yasuhito Hanado, pro- 
fessor of accounting at Rok- 
ugakuin University. "And in 

that sense, it is a shareholder- 
oriented move.” 

International comparisons 
reveal a dismal picture of Jap- 
anese performance in gener- 
ating returns to investors. Av- 
erage ROE for listed Japanese 
companies has been sagging 
since the late 1980s, from 8 
percent in 1988 to just above 
3 percent in 1995, a far cry 
from the 16 percent average 
in the United States, a number 
that reportedly has increased 
to more than 20 percent- 
Aside from serving as a 
source of aspiration, foreign- 
ers have increased the per- 
centage of ownership in the 
Japanese equity market, from 
5 patent five years ago to 10 
percent in 1996, and nave ap- 
plied pressure for change, de- 
manding clearer and mucker 
delivery of finan cial informa- 
tion from companies. 

The shift in Japan's cor- 

K te attitudes toward sharp- 
er interests has been ob- 
vious to Simon Fraser, chief 


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Source: Reuter* 

investment officer of Fidelity 
Investments Japan Ltd. Dur- 
ing a five-year stint as a Fi- 
delity fund manager in the 
late 1980s, Mr. Fraser said he 
could remember only one 
company taking the trouble to 
visit his firm. Now, be said, an 
average of two companies 
drop by each day. 

Changes in corporate en- 
vironment in recent years has 
also been a push. Corporate 
downsizing, a competitive 
wage system and growing 
worker mobility are among 
the elements that paved fbe 
way for the new management 
focus on efficiency. 

Skeptics, on the other had, 
have reasons to register con- 
cerns. Urey assert that the 
hoisting of ROE targets has 
become such a sweeping 
trend that many follow it for 
fear they may miss the boaL 

Additionally, the exceed- 
ingly low interest rates in Ja- 
pan have made terms of fund- 
ing so attractive that com- 
panies need be little con- 
cerned about their share 
prices, said Craig Chudler, 
strategist at Salomon Broth- 
ers Asia Ltd. Mr. Chudler said 
there was little sense of crisis 
at the moment, such as fears 
Of hostile raids, that would 
send corporations scrambling 
to boost shareholder value. 

While aggressive, U.S.- 
style corporate restructuring 
is not going to happen here 
anytime soon, ‘There is 
change afoot and Japan is 
moving much more toward 
the international norms,” 
said Clifford Shaw, president 
of Mercury Asset Manage- 
ment Japan Ltd. 

Mr. Shaw argued that 
while there exists shades of 
belief in shareholder value 
among Japanese companies, 
with the blue-chip corpora- 
tions leading the move, in- 
creasing numbers of man- 
agers take it seriously. 

“I think there is certain 
a mount of lip service going 
on, but I think most of it is 
genuine thirst for knowledge, 
a desire to change things 
which I find very encour- 
aging/’ Mr. Shaw said. 

Fidelity Bars Magellan’s Door 

Fund Seeks ‘Stable Base ’ by Closing to New Investors 

By Edward Wyatt 

Nero York Times Sen ice 

NEW YORK — Fidelity Investments Inc. 
has decided to close Magellan, the largest 
U.S. mutual fund, to new investors. 

As of Sept, 30 the fund, will accept new 
investments only from existing shareholders 
or from participants in retirement programs 
that include Magellan as an investment op- 
tion, the company said Wednesday. 

The move comes a few months after Fi- 
delity overhauled the top management ranks 
of its mutual -fund unit. Magellan has long 
been the flagship fund of Fidelity, a unit of 
FMR Corp- With $61 billion in assets, the 
fund is roughly 50 percent larger than the 
next-biggest mutual fund. Vanguard Group's 
Index 500 fund, which has $42 billion in 

Fidelity bad long refused to close Magellan 
because its spectacular long-term record was a 
big selling point as the company expanded its 
retirement-plan business. Many companies 
that signed up with Fidelity wanted to offer 
their employees the chance to invest in Magel- 
lan, whose most famous manager, Peter 
Lynch, built the fund into a household name. 

But as Magellan grew, its size made it 
harder to maneuver in a stock market whose 
winds shifted increasingly rapidly. 

"I believe that taking this pro-active step of 
limiting new purchases will lead to a more 
stable asset base/ ’ Robert Stansky , the fund’s 
manager, told The Associated Press. “It will 
allow me to keep the fund fully invested in the 

stock market and focus all of my energies on 
picking great stocks/ ’ 

Fund analysts have often criticized Fidelity 
for refusing to shut off Magellan. Generally, 
as a mutual fund grows in size, it becomes 
harder for the fund to outperform the overall 
stock market. 

<: That is. because as the fund grows, in- 
dividual holdings have a smaller effect on the 
fund's return. For a single stock to make up 5 
percent of Magellan’s portfolio, for example, 
the fund must invest $2.6 billion in that one 
company. But to buy that much of any but the 
largest companies in the United States, 
Magellan would have to purchase a huge 
amount of a single company’s shares. 

Fidelity generally restricts the amount a 
single fund may own of a company's stock to 
10 percent of the total. 

Over die last three years, Magellan has 
underperformed the broad market, fueling crit- 
icism of Fidelity ’s management. Jeffrey V inik. 

May 199C>! often took outsized positions* in 
single sectors to make up for the fund’s in- 
ability to invest heavily in single companies. 

At one point in 1995, 40 percent of the fund’s 
assets were invested in the technology sector. 

Mr. Stansky, who has managed the fund 
since May 1996, has taken an alternate ap- 
proach, splitting the fund’s assets over a 
broader array of stocks. Over the last four 
months, the fund has outperformed the stock 
market. Nevertheless, Fidelity, plagued by 
management turnover, has lost market share 
in the last two years. 


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PAGE 12 




Investor’s America 

k ; m — 

[ Santiago o ;; IPfoG^foaT : y SS8& 
Caracas . 

Source : EUoomOerg, Reuters 

taMMhnl Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Novell Not for Sale, Chairman Says 

OREM, Utah (Bloomberg) — The chairman and chief 
executive of Novell Inc., Eric Schmidt, said Wednesday that 
the networking company was not for sale, in an attempt to 
quell speculation it might be bought by International Business 
Machines Corp. 

Novell’s shares had risen over the previous two days amid 
speculation the company would strengthen IBM’s product line 
and expand its customer base, analysts and investors said. 

•‘Hie company is not for sale,” Mr. Schmidt said. 

Novell has lost market share steadily to Microsoft Corp.’s 
Windows NT. In late trading. Novell’s shares fell 65.625 cents 
to S9.3125. IBM was quoted at $102,875, down 43.75 cents. 

• Ethyl Corp.’s board approved a plan to repurchase as many 
as 35 million shares, or about 30 percent of its stock, in a Dutch 

auction, for as much as $324 million. The maker of specialty 

annual dividend by 50 

Intel's Big Risk on Revolutionary Chip 

Merced Promises Great Power — but at the Cost of Firm’s Basic Technology 

By John Markoff 

New York Times Service 

the top computer chip designers in 
the United States are scratching 
their heads about what Intel Cotp. 
and Hewlett-Packard Co. are up to 
in a top-secret project to design a 
new chip — code-named Merced. 

The Maced, set for release with- 
in two years, represents both an 
opportunity and a risk for Intel. It 
would mark the most significant 
shift in the history of the im- 
mensely popular Intel micropro- 
cessor family, which began in 1979 
with the Intel 8088 chip that 
powered the first IBM PC and has 
continued through Intel’s latest, 
the Pentium IL 

Tbe Merced would be a depar- 
ture from that tradition because the 
chip would use an ’’instruction 
set” radically different from the 
one in current Intel micropro- 
cessors. The instruction set, com- 
prises hundreds of basic opera- 
tions, like adding, subtracting and 
multiplying, which all other com- 
ponents and software in the com- 
puter depend upon. 

fhanging the instruction set 
would be akin to introducing a new 
software alphabet — with all die 
potential for communications 
breakdowns such a shift suggests. 

That change, on top of die per- 
haps seven-fold increase in the 
number of transistors packed onto 
the surface of die chip, portends a 
greater transformation in the com- 
puter industry in the next five years 
than in the preceding 25 years. 

The chip will probably have a 
basic clock speed of almost 1,000 

megahertz — more than twice the 
raw performance of today’s fastest 
chips. Moreover, die Merced will 

be a 64-bit microprocessor — com- 
pared with the 32-bit limit of In- 
tel’s current Pentium chip. Thai 
means the computer can process 
twice as much information at once, 
promising much faster and more 
complex searches of data bases and 
more realistic audio and video mul- 
timedia capabilities. 

The consensus in Silicon Valley 
is that if Intel, the world’s largest 
chipmaker, fumbles the shift to the 
new chip family, it risks damaging 

its near stranglehold over the per- 
sonal computer hardware busi- 

No wonder the engineers who 
build the various other chips and 
hardware components in PCs — all 

of which depend on being com- 
fith Intel’s technology — 

patible with 
are intensely curious about what 
new features tbe company may be 
planning. Neither Intel, which is 
seen as driving the project, nor 
Hewlett-Packard have said much 
on the subject so for. 

Investors are watching develop- 
ments a l the company. On Friday, 

Intel’s shares plunged S6 before 
recovering to end the day down 
S2.I875, at $96.1875. The drop 
came after Thomas Kuriak, a well- 
known semiconductor analyst at 
Merrill Lynch & Co., cut his rating 
on Intel from “buy” to “neutral 
and reduced his estimate for the 

chipmaker’s 1998 per-share profit 

Microsoft’s Rivals Tighten Alliance 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Now that Apple 
Computer Inc. has defected, Mi- 
crosoft Corp.’s remaining oppo- 
nents have struck a series of deals 
to tighten their alliance against the 
dominant maker of personal-com- 
puter software- 

international Business Ma- 
chines Corn. Sun Microsystems 
Inc. and Netscape Communica- 
tions Corp. moved Tuesday to co- • 
ordinate their work on a universal 
language for developing software 
that works on any computer system 
— not just Microsoft’s Windows. 

The three companies said their 
engineers would work together to 
make sure tbe Java language ran 
software formatted for different 
computers, ran gin g from Windows 
to Sun machines. They also plan to 
fine-tune the language to lessen 
problems, as well as time new re- 
leases so software developers get 
the latest versions at the same time. 

In another move. Netscape plans 
to use Sun technology in its In- 
ternet browser, which competes 
against Microsoft's browser, to im- 
prove how it works with software 
written in the Java language. 

In a third Java push. Sun an- 
nounced licensing deals with three 
big telephone-equipment makers 
that plan to use Java software in 
new phones, dubbed webphones, 
that can tap into the Internet. 

And Sun, Netscape and several 
other high-tech companies, but not 

Microsoft, proposed a Tpr-hniral 

standard aimed at helping to unclog 
bottlenecks that have slowed the 
flow of inf ormati on on the Internet. 

The agreements, unveiled ai a 
New York trade show devoted to 
Java software, came after Apple 
shocked die computer world by 
agreeing to a broad alliance with 
Microsoft dial includes a deal to 
develop a programming language 
that will compete with Sun's Java. 

to $4.90 from $5.60. 

Intel finished up $1.1875 on 
Wednesday at $93,875. 

Merced s designers must figure 
out how to ensure that the chip’s 
new instruction set will be able to 
read and run the thousands of ex- 
isting MS-DOS and Windows soft- 
ware programs written for Intel’s 
older 'family of drips — or risk 
suddenly rendering more than 80 
percent of the world’s existing PCs 
obsolete. Yet they will not want to 
hamstring the Merced’s potential 
to perform at speeds not possible 
on earlier Intel chips. 

Most computer designers expect 
the Merced to be something of a 
silicon chameleon — able to adapt 
to many different types of software 
written for other computer-chip in- 
struction sets. 

But that adaptability, computer 
designers say, could be the greatest 
danger. If, because of its flexibility, 
the new Merced runs existing Mi- 
crosoft Corp. software slower than 
can some current Pentium chips, 
the market may be slow to embrace 
it The feet is that little new soft- 
ware is likely to be initially avail- 
able that can take advantage of the 
Merced's next-generation capabil- 

Recent technology articles: 

Stocks Gain 
As Bonds 
Pare Losses 
After Auction 

4, f 

CrwtpdrdtyOw Stuff From t Hs P ac ^ es 

new YORK — Stocks gained 
Wednesday after rebounding bonds 
gave investors new hope that in- 
terest rates would not soon rise. 

S mailer-company shares flirted, 
with new highs as blue-chip issues 
halted a four-session slide. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age finished up 5.11 points at 
7.787.33. & A 

Shares were broadly lower after 
bonds fell on a poor showing at the 
government’s sale of five-year 
Treasury notes. But at the end of 
trading, bonds recovered, to finish 
down 1/32 at 96 16/32, leaving their 
yield unchanged at 6.65 perceot- 

Before the turnaround, stocks 
were down 6.8 percent from their 
Aug. 6 record high. 

The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index 
rose 0.68 points at 91 3.70, while the 
Nasdaq composite index gained 
4.24 to 1,595.54. 

Declining stocks outnumbered 
advancers by about 5 to 4. 

“There's been a subtle shift in. 
psychology,” said Robert Freed- 
man, chief investment officer of 

plan s ' 

fatif 1 

v 1 --' 



/ ;l : - 


* * 

chemicals also said it would reduce its 
percent, as cash flow from its lead additives had declined 
faster than expected. 

• CBS Inc_ a unit of Westingtaouse Electric Corp- will offer 
classified advertising on the Internet sites run by 10 of its 
television stations as a way of generating additional revenue 
and attract viewers to the sites. 

• Merrill Lynch & Co. won the dismissal of a racketeering 
and fraud lawsuit by investors who claimed the securities firm 
had tricked them into buying real-estate limited partnerships 
between 1979 and 1987. 

MARK: In Signal on Rates, Tietmeyer Whms Against '’Dramatizing ’Inflation 

Continued from Page 11 

• Chips & Technologies Inc. said both it and Intel Corp. bad 
received a request from the Federal Trade Commission for 
additional information regarding Intel’s proposed $380 mil- 
lion cash tender offer for the company. 

• Rhone-Poulenc SA said troubles at Centeon, a U.S. joint 

venture of its Rhone-Poulenc Rorer Inc. unit and Hoechst 
AG, would slash 100 million French francs ($16.5 million) 
from its 1997 operating income. Bloomberg. AFX 

franc and that it made its decisions 

Pressed to say whether there was 
any automatic link between French 
and German rate action, Mr. Trichet 
said: ’’There is obviously a close 
link, if only by virtue of the feet that 
in less than a year our currencies will 
be set on merger course. But the key 
to everything in the monetary do- 
main. and on the economy too 
moreover, is confidence.” 

Leading European politicians 
united Wednesday to drive home the 
message that Europe’s single cur- 

rency, the euro, is on track for an on- 
time, flawless launch Jan. 1, 1999. 
Reuters reported from Frankfurt 

In Berlin. Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
said feat Germany would adhere to 
the conditions and timetable laid 
down for the launch of the euro in tbe 
Maastricht treaty and stressed that the 
single currency must not be weak. 

“The euro mast meet be a cur- 
rency that meets our expectations 
for stability,” Mr. Kohl said, dis- 
missing any suggestion that he 
would sacrifice the strength of the 
euro for the sake of European in- 

In Paris, President Jacques Chirac 

said France would be ready to join a 
single currency in January 1999 
within tbe terms set by the 
Maastricht treaty. 

“With Germany, its fundamental 
partner, France plans to be present at 
the stan within tbe terms of the 
treaty,” he told a meeting of French 

Dollar Gets a Lift 

The dollar rose against other ma- 
jor currencies on expectations thai 
interest rates in Germany and Japan 
were not headed higher. 

The dollar gained against the 
.mark after tbe Bundesbank council 

member Hans-Juergen Koebnick 
said there was no “immediate” 
need to raise German rates. It rose to 
a agains t the yen after a Japanese 
finance official expressed concern 
about the state of the economy. 

In 4 P.M. New York trading, the 
dollar was at 1 1 8.895 yen. up from 
118.135 yen. It was at 1.8060 
Deutsche marks, up from 1.7975 
DM. The dollar was also at 1.4937 
Swiss francs, up from l .4850 francs 
and at 6.0775 French francs, up 
from 6.055 francs. The pound was at 
S 1 .61 38. up from S 1 .6 1 25. 

(Bloomberg. Reuters/ 

John Hancock Funds. “Investors 
are worried profits have been so 
good they can’t continue to grow.” 

But Mr. Freedman said he was 
optimistic that the seven-year bull 
market would continue. 

While blue chips struggled to eke 
out a gain, the Russell 2000 Index of 
smaller stocks gained, wiping out 
its 0.5 percent decline since Aug. 
6 . 

The index is up 25 percent in the - 
past three months, versus a 19 per- 
cent gain for the S&P. which fol- 
lows large stocks. 

Ceridian Corp. fell sharply after 
it said iz would stop work on new 
payroll-processing software, result- 
ing in a pretax charge of $150 mil- 
lion and a likely third-quarter loss. 

Trading was light, as it has been 
all week, with many traders and 
investors on vacation. 

“It’s going to be boring.for the 
rest of the week,” said Lance Zip- 
per. bead of trading at Brean, Mur- 
ray & Co. in New York. “It's va- 
cation week, and everyone’s 
confused. No one wants to do any- 

f AP.Rtbdmberg) 

[C - - “ ' 



I Drink- 1 


- • 










Wechesday-s 4 PJM. Close 

The Top 300 most ocKve shores, 
up la the dosing on Wall Street. 

The Associated Press 

Lot Lana 0 * Indexes 

Most Actives 

Dow Jones 


Aug. 27, 1997 

High Low Lrtusl Cbge Oprt 

High Low Lcfest Q»ge Opint 

High Low Latest Qigc Opkrt 

High Low Luteal Chge Opkit 

lute 777423 7801.17 769748 77X733 +5.11 
Trans M1.M 2921.90 2BB639 W0149 -11.17 

un ran mss zna 23135 hlw 
C oro 3437.25 Z442J6 241536 20445 -035 




2 Standard & Poors 


4 PM. 



Industrials 1M5-271 07255 1073J9 107539 
Tramp. 670.84 66054 66246 65567 

19620 19768 19861 198.76 

J05J8 10657 >0450 10457 
92247 911.72 91102 913.70 
89500 88303 88429 88523 

AT&T 1 

Narnia m 

A Htma 

VM. MW* 
17607 44 
69014 43»» 
43960 26 
50589 59 
4*133 32V* 
*6391 77V, 
*0*51 4SM 

mu 55V* 

m fiSu 

3428 1 mt 
35484 bP* 
33382 371a 
32974 17*6 
32514 72 

44 45V* 
6146 4T»6 

57V6 _ 
311* 3T6 
746 76 

446 45M 
536 SS6 
BV. 37V. 
11VW H«% 
396 4016 

17V. 1796 
70 7?*t 





♦ V* 
+ 46 
- 2 * 



SOQO bu iBMmwn- cents per bushel 
Sep 97 2486 7676 2681* undL 

Z77V4 2666 272 uncti 

2806 275 280 « inch 

2856 2816 285 . a uoch. 
2886 2846 28814 (inch. 

275 270 2706 unOL 

2706 2656 2696 unen. 
Eat soles 61000 Tim safes 67JS3 
Tun open irt 301095 up 482 

Dec 97 
Mor 98 
May 98 
Ail 98 
Sep 98 
Dec 98 








14000 lbs.- certs per Eb 

Sep 97 67.75 *7.25 47_S5 *0:15 47 W 

Nor 97 70-00 69.00 69.90 -055 14375 

Jan9B 72.90 72.15 7285 *055 4568 

Est sales NJL Tim sales 4080 
Tors open M 1. afl 34*32 



Sap 97 12976 179.42 1 2950 - 0J» 161.261 

Dec 97 98*8 9a42 98-46 -0.10 14042 

Mo 98 98.06 98.06 9756 -0.10 0 

Ed. sales: 7B.261 . 

Open H.- 174303 up 2.21 2. 

Jun9B 94.16 9405 9426 -007 47,387 

Sep 98 907 900 9451 -CJJ7 37,435 

D«9B 903 908 908 -0X6 2R5J6 

Ed. sues: 34338. Pie*. safes: 61,482 
ftev. open fell.- 392,152 up 6282 


Wednesday iuq +' 



- 0.20 

-** NYSE 

taSsSSl 6006 9449 60259 + 1.42 

e afia % 

477.08 47140 








14 158X17 159453 +03 CNen 



128X49 127414 
171042 169451 
202480 „ 
101251 !< 

28X49 +751 

1699*9 +009 

171457 +1X91 
702400 +659 

.01022 +190 

oracle s 

YU him 
104855 506 


125878 29 
109761 <Wi 
74819 !** 

62975 32 
60795 135V* 
56248 7TV* 
55631 51* 
54753 395* 
S3742 36V, 
520J7 21V* 

46M 47V* 
8*6 9N 
43V* a°t* 

911% 94V* 
\7W* 17V* 
STM 511* 
17V* 73V* 
30V) 31 

133 1349* 
751% 771% 


♦ lira 




100 ions- dolon per ion 

Sep 97 24700 24180 246.90 unch. 
CM 97 218J0 Z1XB0 21010 Midi. 

Dec 97 20050 ZTL0O 20010 undl. 
Jon 99 20470 20070 20X50 uneft. 
Mar 98 19950 19400 19080 undl. 
May 99 19850 19150 19000 unch. 
Est sdes 29.OQ0 Tuvs sales 2461 7 
Toes open felt 110631 up 1566 








100 hoy at- Altars per troy ax 
Ai»fi97 32550 32480 32450 

Sep 97 524E0 _ 

Od 97 3Z7.10 324-10 376.60 4123 16*024 

Dec 97 32950 327.30 32850 

Feb 98 331 JM 32950 33050 


33400 33450 33450 -020 
336.70 -020 

Est sales 1X000 Tues colas 2X222 
Tun open bit 196570. off 4362 

Apr 98 
Aug 98 

-020 101999 
-020 14988 
-020 4393 



ITI. 200 nBfeon - pts of 100 pd 

Sop 97 13493 >3425 13429 -035 91,135 

Dec 97 1Q8.I0 WAS 10751 -033 22.707 

Est. soles: 51JQ2. Pie*, soles: 54525 

Prav.openmL: 11X842 off 1522 


S3 mBIon- pb of 100 pd. 
~ 906 9435 

Sep 97 906 9435 9425 undl. 14824 

Od97 902 901 9433 unch- 8027 

No* 97 9427 9425 9426 unch. 7571 

Est. soles 34153 Tun sales 1543 
Tun open M 39.387, up 224 



50000 lbs.- cents per lb 

Oct 97 7X00 7237 7300 +073 7,871 

Dec 97 7339 72-60 7X33 +068 47,196 

Mar98 7470 7402 7468 +056 11342 

May 98 75.45 7480 7439 +044 4719 

Jut 98 7605 75*0 76.01 +051 4556 

Est sales N A Tun sales 21000 
Tun open Ini 1. an 80123 

acr I: 
la '•« .- 


37*1 387* 
2?<% 35 

MW 211* 






+ IV* 

60000 lbs- ants per lb 

Sep 97 
Od 97 
Dec 97 
Jan 98 
Mar 98 


Him urn lam Of. 

65123 647-07 651.17 +352 

* Dow Jones Bond 




2251 2X34 2X57 unch 
2251 2254 2X75 unch 
23.15 2X85 2X13 unch 
2X35 2X07 2X31 unch 
2350 2133 2160 unch 
2X55 2X45 2355 unch 
Est sales 1 ROM Tun sates 1 9,496 
Tun open M 8951 X on 51 7 







14000 lbs.- cents per lb. 

Aim 97 99 90 98.95 9970 +115 598 

Sep 97 10030 98.90 99.90 +0.1C 1X793 

00 97 10050 9950 100.15 *<L25 X083 

Nor 97 7935 9875 9935 *0-10 1523 

D*C 97 99 40 9B0S 99.15 -0.20 14078 

Jan 98 9485 -4L20 748 

Feb 98 9455 +0.10 704 

Mar 96 9830 9735 98.15 +0.40 X760 

Est. tales 12500 Tuera soles 9596 
Tun open fed 46.94X off 129 


81 mfiBorvpbrt 100 pd. 

20 Bonds 
10 Industrials 










53991 91 
>5111 2»% 
14364 TV* 
13543 r> 
11773 3116 
10497 40C% 
10316 35»* 
7300 42» 

6538 V* 
5836 Hi 

90% 916% +**i 

I’Ve 2v* -V* 

77* 81* ♦<* 

Mi It +v% 

X 319* +1 

351* 3MI +4M 

341* 34U J* 

3B6 3 V* -1 

*% 1% +1% 

m Pi 


4000 bu mWmum- cents par bushd 
Sep 97 671 659 670 unch 

— 628 612 626V* unch 

629V* 613*4 628V* unch 
637 624V* 536V* unch 
643 631 64216 unch 

Em. sales 40000 Tim sates 31.930 
Tim opai felt 136*477. up 1.518 

No* 97 
Jon 98 
Mar 98 
May 98 






_ Trading Activity 




Total l 
New HWm 
New Lam 




1314 Amancsd 


'Si BSSIc 

3404 Total cam. 

Market Sales 

1650 2QSS 

1576 7081 

2111 1613 

SIS* 5741 

IX 108 

si «a 


4000 be mfeilrmnn- enr* per buslwl 
Sep 77 372 3621* 37116 unch 

Dec 97 388»* 376V* 3M unch 

Mar 98 400 389 399 unch. 

May 98 399 391 399 inch 

EM. sales 19,000 Tue*s sales 1X536 
Tim open fed 101404 up 10XAU 


4000 bar az.- cents per tray or. 
Aug 77 464.00 

Sep 97 46400 4*100 46400 
Od 77 4 6 5 2 Q 

Oec97 47X50 46420 470 70 
Jan 98 47X30 

Mar 98 47850 47400 47750 
May 98 481 JO 480.00 481 JO 
JUI9B 48410 

EsL sales 24000 Tues sales 29,446 
Tvm open bit 82J4X atf 1,986 

Sep 97 907 9425 9425 UiKh 

Od 97 94.18 94.16 9*17 undl 

Dec 97 *109 94 XU *406 -001 

Mar 98 9X99 9X94 9X9* undl 

Jun98 9X88 9182 93J4 unch. 

Sep «8 9X78 9171 9175 unch 

Dec 98 9X66 9160 93 62 4)01 

Mor99 9364 9X57 93*0 4JI 

Jun9* *159 9X53 9X55 41.01 

Esi. sales 286,944 Tvm soles 427 Jl 7 
Tcm open felt XMI.219, up 9.749 











42JQ0 qal cenis per go< 

Sep 97 5X40 51J0 5X26 +1.17 

OcJ 97 5420 SL50 5408 +128 

No* 97 55.15 5325 55.08 +123 

Dec 97 5620 5440 5608 +128 

Jai98 5620 5520 5478 +1.28 

Fnb*B 5720 5575 57.08 +128 

Mar 98 S6JS 55.15 5643 *J 23 

EsL sales N JL Tim sales 53.265 
Tues open Ini 15*292. up 3492 











’/* xrJl Veto 



-1.40 24 

-1.70 2X290 
-110 78 

-170 J7J9S 
-1.70 23 

-1.70 11423 
-1.70 iOTB 
120 X126 


62^)0 pounds, S per pound 
Sep 97 1.6750 1.6036 74128+0.0040 47.388 

Dec 97 16080 15970 16068+00038 

Mn/98 1.6002 +4L0038 

EM. saves 9217 Turs sales BJ49 
Tues open Ini 4X989. rtf 133 




MHObN.- drtkns perbbL 
Od97 19.85 19.17 19.73 +G45 10X724- 

J6a*97 19.93 1932 1943 +042 44M 

Dec 97 2000 1944 19.92 +029 4X0*0 

Jan 98 2004 1952 19.95 +026 29.VO 

Ee698 19.96 1955 19.96 +024 1*235 

Mar 98 19.96 I960 19.9* +023 9.926 

EsL sales N A Tuffs sales 8X287 
Tim open tat 397471, aft 140 






50 Irgr at- doflars per troy c 
Od 97 407 JO 399.00 40 

407 JB 399.00 40X20 
Jon 98 40X00 39720 39720 
Apr 98 399 JO 391.70 391.70 
Jtd 98 387.70 

Est. soles N jl Tim sales 1,152 
Tim open fell 1X+82. up 88 

-7.40 10372 
040 2573 

•1-40 435 
-140 2 


100JQO doUors. s per Con. Or 
Sep 97 -7?17 7160 7209+OJ030 63238 

Dec 97 .7255 .7200 .7246+0 0030 6542 

Mar 98 .7285 77*0 .7275+0 0030 

Est. sales 14474 Tim sales &084 
Tim open fell 7037X up 250 


Told Issues 
Nee HUB 
Neir Lairs 







»3 NYSE 

r3 Am™ 

32 Nasdaq 
9 Ui matrons. 

48250 57769 

26.18 3622 




404)00 lbs.- cents per lb 

0d 97 68J5 6760 6762 -125 47J9I 

Dec 97 7025 6925 6920 .1.17 21856 

tore 77.7 S 77.9 J 72 05 4175 JZOil 

Apr 98 7447 74J» 74.02 J60 14*0 

Junes 7122 7065 70.70 4170 4193 

Auq98 7080 7025 7<L3S -055 855 

EsL sates 14363 Tim sales IU42 
Tun open fed 94210, up 623 




Donors per mafefc ton 
Atowlnuei IHM Grade) 

Spot 168020 168520 178000 178520 

Perarard 1*5720 1*5800 1*591)0 166020 

Copper Cathodes OOpfe Grade) 

Spin . 31*62 0 2198.00 2213 00 221600 
Forward 21781* 2179V* 7I«4.0o 219520 


Spar 6321* 6331* 4281* 6291* 

Forward 64320 64400 *3820 639.00 


1 75200 motki s per mart, 

Sep 97 -5S8C 5571 5556-02018 101293 

Doc 2 -S»08 5554 5S88 -0201B 

Mar 98 5620 5597 5619 4)20)8 

Ed. soles 39590 Ton sales 47.387 
Tim opon fed 109,161. up 25S7 


10200 mm Dhi'A s per mm Mu 
S^97 2560 2440 XS40 +0226 17,706 

25 W 2515 X440 2470 2233 54588 

Nov 97 1645 2590 X*10 -0.(00 19,949 

1754 1700 X710 2 037 19,796 
Jon 5 X760 X710 2250 2.005 1X763 

Feb 99 25*2 2520 1540 2.012 134*6 

EsL sales NjL To?* sales 84984 
Tues open felt 219276, oft X074 




4X000 got. cents par sol 
64*0 61.75 


125 mmon^wL s per 100 wn 

^>97 5*95 8412 24X5 2 0053 79566 

Dec 97 .8565 2524 254*2 0053 2.778 

Mor 98 .8**; 2.0053 578 

Est. sales 18443 Tues srtes 1*541 
Tun open fen 82,931. mi 1608 

Sep 97 
Od 97 
No* 97 
Dec 97 
Jan 98 
Feb 98 
Mar 98 

6650 +259 

«L80 57.90 6075 +124 

5X00 5555 5780 +150 
574 0 55.60 57.X +1X0 
5755 SS.7S 5755 *1-30 
5750 5650 5750 +1.10 
5720 5720 57.00 +0.10 
59.90 59.90 59.90 +0X5 
EsL sales NA Tun sales 34(121 
Tun open Int 1 0x321 up 2,246 












LLAE Royalty Tr _ 2496 9-5 9-15 

Par Ant Rac Pay Company Per Amt Roc Pay 

Managed MuniPt M 256 9-23 9-26 

Helen of Tmr2 fori spBt. 
Merchants Bncp 2 tor I sp8L 
Queens Cty Bcp 3 for2 jpB. 


Araer States Fnd O 51 


Inco Pd 



- 1% 9-1 MO 

ImawiBve TechSys 1 for8nere*sespBt_ 

BEA Incol 
BEAS&at GTbl 
Bandog Inc . 

CapBol Transceiver 
CoPHCA Hlflvcare 
Corus Bkstvslnc 




Albany Fnd Cp 





Fst Bergen Bnqi 
Lomok Pefe 









Utd Btebrs 











Meridian PtR3y 






Greenwich St mu 





Managed MunPM 





Horae Fedl Bncp 

Imperial Oil A g 
I mf Aluminum 
Jefferson Suns Bcp 
One Lfcertr Prop 

One Ltaefri- Prop 
PWs Monts 

Rival Co 

O 54 

a .06 
M 06 
M 2675 
0 55 

0 55 

Q 57 
0 27 


a .135 

O 59 

a .12 

O .125 

| £ 

a -io 

O 30 
0 40 

Q J75 
M 274 
Q .06 

9-9 9-26 
9-15 10-1 
9-16 10-7 

92 9-15 
9-8 915 

9-19 10-21 

9- 19 10-21 

10- 7 10-29 
912 9-26 

11- 1 12-1 

9-27 10-10 
9-10 10-15 
9-12 9-30 
9-19 10-2 

9-5 10-1 
9-22 10-10 

93 9-17 

9-17 10-1 
9- 15 10-10 
9-19 9-30 
9-11 925 

9-1 9-15 


50200 Bn - cents pa lb. 

Aug 97 80-80 8042 8047 -057 

Sep 97 80.95 7947 7950 -142 

Od 97 80.62 7955 7955 -150 

No* 97 8155 8017 80JC -140 

Jon 98 8X25 8097 8120 -1.27 

Mar 98 81 JO 8075 8022 -1,15 

EM. srtesX753 Tues «rie* 1470 

TWt Op*n M 21281, ofll 61 








6495 JW 650520 
*590 00 *59X00 





63*520 540000 

n*'! 5465.00 

Ztoc Spedal Htyb Grade) 
jfd 1*9220 1*9520 





150820 150920 




1 2X000 francs. S per front 

Scp?7 6799 .6*77 .4715-02038 51,395 

D*C ?7 4000 .6744 .6785 20038 X467 

Mar 98 4854 2 0038 1256 

Est safes 11*98 Tim sales 19,980 

Tun open fell 56228. up 271 




man lot □» 019 * Optra 

500200 posot, s per paso 
‘ - “ 12800 .17765 


U.S dollars par metnetan- lob oMOO ferns 
Sep 97 1*420 161.00 163 JO +050 17298 

OCJ97 16*20 1*3 25 145.75 +0 50 17,493 

No* « l^fi- 9 0 16SJJ0 l «20 *075 9418 

Dec 97 1*9.75 1*720 1*9J5 +0.75 14288 

SIS 1&8J5 *0.75 10164 

Feb 98 170 JO 17020 171 JS +0.75 MOB 

Mar9« 169.25 1ML76 170.25 +0.75 Xte5 

Ed sole ss 19.757! Pre» sales : 21275 
Pie*, open HiL: 85,941 rtf 737 


40000 m- cents per lb. 

Od97 69JS 6X90 4933 022 

Dec 97 *625 6*30 6637 032 

Feb 98 65 J5 6535 65.37 035 

Apr 98 6X50 61,90 4122 0.17 

Jim 98 *6.95 6650 66.70 042 

EsL solas 6R»9 Tim aatosX747 
Tan opon M 31311 off 178 



11 00 



SlmlMon- phot IOO prt 

S«p»7 WJl 94.90 94.90 unch 6782 

SHI M1 * 4 ^ B -°- m rAU 

Mor 98 9432 9449 9*71 unch. 1,108 

Est. seven 3S9 Tim sate 70* 

Turn opon Int 1X336 up 35 

Sep” 2800 .12*65 1 2797+20248 221 W 
Dec 2 -IS 85 An *° -'2305+20284 IS. 1*8 
Mar 98 .UB*0 .11875 .11840+20284 cane 
EM. sate 154* Tim tote 1088 
Tuirs aprti bit 4X086 up 772 


H5o? >na, lK r c Isa 7*' • 10,5 °* 1-800 barvrt* 

18.75 18.10 185* +036 17.9B0 


4X000 Tbv- arts par lb. 

Feb 98 67 AS 6550 4427 -197 

MCI 98 *765 *Sj6D 6609 -X07 

May 98 68.90 6640 6640 -295 

EsL sate 2191 Tim soles 2062 
Tuesopon tat 4284. up 31 





sioxoao pita, pis X 64RR ai loopd 

10*49 106-28 106-37 03 I&7J28 

Dec 97 106-30 106-10 106-19 -02 56592 

EM. safes *2200 Tim soles 77245 
Tim opv, tal 22X920, up 7 J59 


son 97 9271 92*9 

Dec 97 9256 9251 

9251 9X47 

9253 9249 

*29» 97J* 

92 *7 92.*3 
9X72 9X67 
9X73 9J.71 

9ln 9171 

Est sales: 44,297. Pro*, sales: 36309 
Pie*. Open fell. **2298 up X38* 






Ate 98 
Sec 98 
Dec 98 
Mar 99 
Sep 99 

9249 — aoi 
9X52 ~csa 
9247 —004 
9X9) -023 
9227 -0.02 
9X65 -021 
9169 -021 
977: Unch. 
92.72 Unch 










!jj£ 1835 18 73 +237 26379 

JS'ii IS- 82 +0JM ,P - 872 

iff JM* +033 16750 

rjtartal loH IS 34 18 - 8S + 0J1 

Mares 1825 18 44 1x70 ^a.29 2203 

EM. sales: 37J1 ? . p rov _ 5 ^^ . 4 . 33 ^ 

Pm*, open mi ■ lens a up X49I 


o-onnuat Mffrc^BOto OBOBtit por 

Stock Tobies Explained 

Sales fijwn na unoffldcL^ Yearfjr Mghs and taw railed the pwdoub 2 weeks plus We airent 
wwfc twtncttielatetiraifng day. WTiereas?« orstock(fl*Weral(TTOJ riling to2S percent or more 
has been paid Bra yoastfegh-faw range and Mdend ate shown far tie new stocks onty. Untes 
affieiwba naha rales of Mdasb are annual dfebmenrardB band an the Uast dodranflan. 
a - (fivUnfid also extra (s). b - annual rale at dhridend plus stock dividend, e - liquidating 
OMdentL ee- PE exceeds 99xW-cafled. tf-nevvyearty taw. rid- toss In the last 1 2 months. 
a - Mtdend declared or paid m preceding 12 months, f - annual rata increased on last 
dedaretfoa g - dividend in CamxSan funds, sub|ed to 15% nan-reshtence tat i - dividend 
deUuied uRtu spW-op or stock dMdend. j - dnridend paid fliS yew, omitted, deferred, or no 
action taken at fetes* dtvfdend meet in g, k - tfivfdend declared or paid Ififs year, an 
OtiCumutatifee raw «ilti dindemb In amors, a -annual rate, reduced an last dedarattan. 
tt - new bsvra in the pas152we*te The high-few range begins irith the start at trading. 
«A ■ nod day deOYery. p - MM dividend, amuoi rata unknown. P/E - price-earnings ratio, 
q - dosed-end nwtwifund. r- dfridend dedaredor paid In preceding 1 2 months, plus stack 
iSfeidend. s- static spB-DWtcteod begins vrilti date of spfiLsis- sales.! -dividend pad in 
stock bi preceding 12 months, estimated cash value an ex -dividend orexJlstrfbution date, 
u - new yuQrtyhiflh-ir- rnufing hoBed-Yl- in bonkruptey or receivership or being reorganUed 
un(ferthe0a7Suuptcy Act. or secoritins assumed by such companies, wd- when cfctnbutBd. 
wi - yrtien issued/ ww - witti muiants. i • ea -rights, xdis ■ ex-disfrtbutlon. 
w - wtlhaimiiarfairts. y- oc-dMdend and sales in tulL yld - ytefd. z - sates in fuR 



10 irwtnc tons- s per tan 
Sep 97 1636 1*15 1*3+ +3 1216 

Dec 97 16*5 1636 16S6 +3 39,079 

Mar 98 1693 1668 1685 +5 27289 

May 98 1785 1693 17W +4 1X521 

Jld9B 1725 1714 1721 +4 IM 

EsL sties U43 Tim sales 1&713 
Tub's open fed 101,152 Up 1.289 


SIOOOOQ pita- pH A 32nds rtloo pd 

109-05 108-17 108-25 unth 767.568 

,0B ■ 2, ,D8J> * unch 126,956 

Mar 9® 108417 108413 10823 until. 1441 

E»L *«fe« liaiOO Tu«rs van. 106*51 

Turs open W 397.965, up 7.713 

Sep 97 18420 17750 18X50 +135 

Dec 97 17250 16675 17235 +i85 
Mor 98 157.75 151 JM 157J0 +500 
MOV 98 15220 14735 15100 + 525 
JM 98 147 JO 142-91 147 JO +420 
EM. rate 7,402 Tim scMs 605* 
Tunopm mr 18.171 up 3*5 







11X000 Rn.- cunts par B). 

0d97 1125 11.71 11.72 -027 

Morn 1X19 1X06 1X0* -MS 

Mayes 1X12 1X20 1X01 -0.05 

Jul 98 11.98 1122 1123 4L11 

EM. sate 21.902 Tim ados 25.180 
Tun open fell 20X924 up 1,783 





ffl pa-SIOOflOLpts A 33nds 01 100 pd) 

Sy97 11231 1124)7 112-23 *03 4(11904 

2*00 jj? 1 " til-28 112-10 * 03 162J09 

M®98 11245 111-24 111-31 +*} 

Jun98 111-19 + 01 

Est sarw si aooo Tun sate* *0021* 
tim open fed *02231. up 1x937 


E5MW - ph A aindscrtioo pd 

11*18 114-06 114-09 -4WJ5 125^45 
DuC97 ll*«s 113-27 113-31 -Ojj Sxa 
EsL safes: 130816. Pra+.sate. 9&33T 
Ffm.aptiitaL. tsmtb up 7.073 


DM250JOO- ptsrt loo pa 

12X37 101 JS 101.95 -2jd 3S1JS3 
DOC 97 101 .33 101 03 1 01 06 -0.M jlm 
Mar 98 1 00 JO 10020 10017 IS” 0 

I st - .'^P- i*!” 201224 

Pic*, open fed- 78X225 up *972 


DM1 nMBan - pis M 100 pd 
SepW 96U 90.61 9*61 -001 337.993 
^ 1 N.T. 9655 Unch 1 903 
9**8 iS 

SS 2 0 - 40 gi4 ° Undl. 386673 

9*27 96J2 9*23 -4X0| 27X818 

S-2 W- 00 -0-01 2161 7 

„ . _ 9583 95.77 95.78 -001 

NferW Am 0554 '57298 

* £ 2^* 953s -021 Im 1*7 

96,8-233 2^? 

ESI sohn. 177.375 p*,. 7tJ3*a 
Pro*, open InL: Ij.r 2 . 9 -t 3 up 663J 

S“r.,““^^, exes 

500 « index 

S 97 V , J S 00 *»?-» *10.10 181,954 

,3S - 5Q +1J - 70 17 '»« 
MOT9B 93035 92650 93000 + 135 
Esi. sales ha Tuc-s sate s i sftfl 

Tue^ open Ini 202,24* up 1398 


Od 97 
No* 97 
Doc 97 
liter 98 
Jun VB 



ft®?* 487t -° <91 9 -0 +1X0 69235 

DOC97 4990.0 49465 4982J +12J 74a 
Mar 98 5040.0 4990 0 SO 2*0 +9.0 OOO 

Esi. sales: 7J75. Pro*, tote: 9.755 
Prc* open ht.. 78.99* up 755 

IcKSSi 1 P,BOR (MflTIF l 


^ UnCh - S9-“« 

w ta Xra ; MI 

JjI? Until. 3a0S9 

9XW ^21 J* 04 UBfh - S»4 

M.90 95 86 #689 -001 SS 

« « m 

Open lilt.. 76*77*0)14314 

Dec 97 
Mor 98 
Sep 98 



I837 - 5 28NUI * 7 -°° 26.287 
^97 Mmn * 7M 2WM 

wSm J899.0 + 7 JO 981 

Ju?98 ”2rr° 7, S t +° 29210 MM 

r nVB N T - N T. 2898 J * 7.00 1^50 

Eat soles: 40294. 

Open ml.; 76J73rtI 1.S41 

Commodity Indexes 


prsrt loopu 

S* *M1 93JI _005 O. ... 

Drew WJ9 93 JO 9X50 

Mar9B 9XB9 9X81 9X8, IqS t&J™ 

Close PretkHH 

J.S72.70 137100 

1,908.70 lattJO 

149.99 149,16 

- , 239-31 71769 





1 . 



\< }> H 

ai > i n 

A»W », 



PAGE 13 

Dutch Firm 
Plans 2 

NAARDEN, Netherlands 
— Hagemeyer NV said 
Wednesday that it planned to 
buy two companies, one in Aus- 
tralia ana one in Scandinavia, 
that would raise the Dutch trad- 
ing company's sales by 22 ner- 

Andrew Land, Hageraeyer's 
chief executive, would not con- 
firm the total purchase price, 
but he said analysts* estimates 
of about 1.3 billion guilders 
($640.2 million 1 ! were “not too 
far off.” 

Shares in Hagemeyer, which 
distributes a wide range of other 
companies’ products, including 
cars and gourmet foods, fin- 
ished up 3.50 guilders at 105. 

The company also reported 
that first-half net profit from 
ordinary operations rose 27 per- 
cent, to 141.2 million guilders, 
less than analysts had forecast 
First-half sales rose 26 percent, 
to 4.62 billion guilders. 

The company said it would 
issue up to 12.5 million new 
shares to finance the purchase 
of the two smaller distributors, 
Asea Skandia from Swiss- 
Swedish engineering company 
Asea Brown Boveri, and Tech 
Pacific from Hong-Kong’s 
First Pacific Co. The two 
companies will add $1.9 billion 
to sales, Hagemeyer said, and 
increase earnings per share as 
well. (Bloomberg, AFX) 

■ Drinks Unit For Sale 

Royal BolsWessanen NV, a 
Dutch food and drinks maker, 
said it was considering selling 
its beverage subsidiary after re- 
porting weaker than expected 
first-half net income, Bloom- 
berg News reported from Am- 
stelveen, Netherlands. 

The maker of Campari, said 
earnings rose 26 percent, to 
79.8 million guilders, as sales 
increased 18 percent, to 2.66 
billion guilder, helped by a 
stronger dollar. 

Hughes Picked to Build Satellite for UAE 

ConpJfd t? Our Sag Frvm Dijfwhn 

a — The United 

Arab Emirates said Wednesday that 
it had selected Hughes Space & 
Communications International Inc 
of the United States as the preferred 
bidder ^ to design, construct and 
launch its 5 1 -2 billion Thuraya satel- 

Hughes, a unit of General Motors 
Com., beat off competition from 
Lockheed Martin Coip. and 
France's Aerospatiale for the satel- 
lite to provide mobile telecommu- 
nications coverage to 49 nations, 
from India to Morocco, including 
most of the Arab world. 

France and the United States have 
pressed hard during months of tough 
negotiations to win the contract. A 
deal for Hughes would mark an end 
to Aerospatiale’s monopoly of the 
satellite industry in the Middle 

But Etisalat, the state-controlled 

telecommunications company and 
the main shareholder in the Thuraya 
satellite venture, left the door open 
for a reversal of the decision. 

“The targeted date for signature 
is September 1 1 and should there be 
any difficulty in finalizing the 
agreement with the preferred bid- 
der, then one of the two remaining 
bidders will be considered for fur- 
ther negotiations aiming at conclud- 
ing a final agreement," said Mo- 
hammed Hass an Omran, chairman 
of the project. 

Aerospatiale has launched the 
Arab world's five satellites, oper- 
ated by Arabsal. the Arab Space 
Telecommunication Corp. It has 
also been chosen to put a sixth Arab 
satellite in orbit in 1998. 

The Thuraya satellite is sched- 
uled to be launched over the Indian 
Ocean in the middle of 2000, with a 
second satellite to be put in place a 
couple of years later u there is de- 

mand, Thuraya officials said. 

Air time will be sold to national 
telecommunications providers, 
which would be able to offer ser- 
vices to new users as well as existing 
users of the Global System for Mo- 
bile Communications, or GSM. the 
officials said. 

Thuraya said it had received com- 
mitments for more than 75 percent 
of its initial share capital of $500 

Etisalat has a 26 percent stake in 
the project, with UAE nationals 
holding another 25 percent, com- 
pany officials said. 

Etisalat accounts for more than 25 
percent of the value of UAE’s 67 
billion dirham ($ 1 8.24 billion) stock 
exchange. (AFP. Bloomberg) 

■ Paris Rethinks on Dassault 

The French government may 
transfer its 45.9 percent stake in 
Dassault Aviation to the state- 

Court Rules for Bic in Sheaffer Sale 

CVwrcM bv Our SuffFrvm Dujvtclie* 

PARIS — Bic SA, a pen and 
lighter manufacturer, said Wednes- 
day that a New York appeals court 
had blocked the sale ofSheaffer to a 
group of managers, giving the 
French company a chance to fight to 
enforce an earlier accord to buy the 
U.S. pen company. 

Bic said the appellate division of 
the Supreme Court of New York 
handed down a temporary restrain- 
ing Older Tuesday, suspending the 
sale and overruling a lower court 
decision challenged by Bic. 

If the court maintains its stance in 
a final ruling on the restraining or- 

der, due within three weeks. Bic 
would have an opportunity to fight 
the deal concluded last week with 
Sheaffer managers in a broader 
hearing, said Robert Macdonald, 
Bic's finance director. 

Bic claims the accord with Sheaf- 
fer’s managers violates its own prior 
agreement with Sheaffer, which rep- 
resents an effort to diversify into 
more expensive writing instruments. 

Mr. MacDonald said die French 
company was still interesting in 
buying Sheaffer. 

On Monday, Bic increased its of- 
fer by 52 million to acquire Sheaf- 
fer, the world’s No. 5 pen brand, 

from Gefinor SA, a Geneva bank. 
Bic agreed on July 31 to boy the 
unprofitable penmaker for less than 
die company's $50 million in 1996 
sales. Bic has not said exactly bow 
much it offered. 

Separately, Bic said Wednesday 
that its first-half profit rose 16 per- 
cent, helped by a higher dollar and 
double-digit increases in sales. 

The company said it earned 394 
million French francs ($65.1 mil- 
lion), up from 339 million francs a 
year earlier. Sales rose 13 percent in 
the first quarter and were up 20 
percent in the second quarter. 

( Reuters , Bloomberg) 

Raided Swiss Firm Denies Kirch Ties 

Bloomberg News 

ZUG, Switzerland — MH Medien-Handels AG, a 
Swiss media company, said Wednesday that its offices 
had been searched as part of an investigation of Leo 
Kirch, head of German media company Kirch Group, 
on suspicion of tax evasion. 

"German authorities suspect that MH Medien-Han- 
dels is controlled by Kirch, but this is not the case," the 
company said. "Kirch is not a shareholder in our 
business and also has no other form of control over the 

German officials are investigating whether the Mr. 
Kirch, 70, used Medien-Handels, a company owned by 

a business partner, Otto Beisheim, to hide profits "in 
the billions” from the German tax authorities. In- 
vestigators suspect Mr. Kirch avoided paying up to 400 
million Deutsche marks ($219.5 million) in taxes, ac- 
cording to news reports. 

Kirch Group said Wednesday it would fight what it 
called an "unjustified" investigation into alleged tax 
evasion by Leo Kirch. 

The Munich prosecutor’s office said Monday that it 
had asked the Swiss to help in the 21-month-old in- 
vestigation of the head of Germany's second-biggest 
broadcasting company. Swiss authorities said they had 
searched “about a dozen” places last week. 

owned Aerospatiale to uy to pres- 
sure Dassault to accept a combin- 
ation of the two companies, Reuters 
reported from Paris. 

According to a report in the daily 
Le Monde, the government no 
longer planned to simply order 
Chairman Serge Dassault of 
Dassault to go forward with the con- 
solidation but hoped the maneuver 
would raise pressure on Dassault. 

The government is also planning 
to order Aerospatiale, which had 
been reluctant to move forward with 
a restructuring of Airbus Industrie, 
to restart talks with its partners over 
transforming the European plane- 
making consortium into a corpo- 

By changing tack in these two 
areas, the government hopes to put 
France and its defense companies 
back in the cenrer of the restruc- 
turing of the European aerospace 
industry, Le Monde said. 

Czech Railway 
Left in Dark by 
Electric Firm 


PRAGUE — The Czech 
electricity distribution com- 
pany Prazska Energetika AS cut 
power Wednesday to the loss- 
making state railway. Ceske 
Drahy, because of unpaid bills. 

A Prazska Energetika exec- 
utive said that the railway owed 
17 million koruny ($502,070). 

"If a citizen in a shop takes a 
roll and doesn’t pay," the com- 
pany said, ‘ ‘he is certainly right- 
fully marked as a thief. This can 't 
be otherwise with electricity.” 

Vladimir Sosna, general man- 
ager of Ceske Drahy, told Czech 
Radio, "The operation of Ceske 
Drahy has not been threatened. 
Communication is through mo- 
bile phones," 

Local media reports said the 
■ railway owed more than 315 
million koruny to various elec- 
tricity suppliers. 

The Transport Ministry said 
the cabinet would discuss Ceske 
Drahy’ s problems with Prazska 
Energetika. Ceske Drahy is the 
country’s largest employer, 
with a work force of more than 
100,000. It posted a record loss 
of 8.2 billion koruny last year. 

4500 -jr ' ■■ 5200 3250 ■" 

4350 — jhY. m r-fc" 3100 

3900 J- - WO jrjT * 2850 

36oo — — • 2800 — — : 

3000 M A~M~J J~A 4200 M AhCT J A ' 2500 M A~M J~7 A" 
1997 ' 1997 1997 

,997.33 . • < 40,<& 

Amsterdam • ::AEX 

FrwHchirtT -fitfUC-.** ''fT 

O BX- '7'feaa;^. 

Source: Telekurs I we rruiu *ui Herrtti Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• BASF AG said it would exchange its global container- 
coatings business for PPG Industries Inc/s surfactants busi- 
ness. Each has annual sales of about $150 million. Terms of 
the transaction, which requires regulatory approval, were not 

• The London Metal Exchange has imposed limits on alu- 
minum trading, restricting the difference between the price for 
prompt delivery and for delivery one day later, amid concern 
that market manipulation may be distorting prices. 

• WH Smith Group PLC reported pretax profit of to £124 
million ($200 million) for the year ended May. up 39 percent 
from a year ago. but said nothing about its search for a chief 
executive to replace Bill Cockbum, who announced his resig- 
nation in June. 

• Britain’s trade deficit widened to £950 million in June, due 
mainly to a 2.5 percent increase in imports, to £15.07 billion, 
the Office for National Statistics said, 

• Bank Austria AG, offered 1.33 of its shares for every 
preferred and common share of Creditanstalt-Bankverein 
AG, eight months after it bought the Austrian government’s 
controlling stake in Creditanstalt. 

• Kalamazoo Computer Group PLC’s shares rose 12.5 
percent after Reynolds & Reynolds Co., a U.S. information- 
management company, said it had acquired a 21.8 percent 
stake m the ailing software manufacturer and would make a 
tender offer at the same price, 130 pence per share, for an 
additional 4.7 percent that could bring its total investment to 
£21 .5 million, prompting speculation about a takeover. 

• Baan Co. said its chief financial officer, Jan Westerhoud, 
had decided to leave the company in six months for personal 
reasons, and that Klaas Waagenaar would assume his re- 
sponsibilities as pan of a combination of finance and ad- 
ministrative operations. 

AFX. Bloomberg. Reuters 


High Lam Close Prev. 

High Low Om* Prev. 

High Low Oom Prev. 

Wednesday, Aug. 27 

Prices In load currencies. 

HJgft Low Oom Prev. 

Amsterdam *»“«SES 

— BoonCa 

Bob Wesson 









Hurd Douglas 
l NG Group 






HoridsMd Hdq 
Rorerta . 

Royal Dutch 




Bangkok Bk F 
KnJnqThoi Bk 
PTT&pior _ 
Stan Cement F 
Stan Cora Bk F 
Thai Airways 
Thai Farm BK F 
Utd Conan 


fe BaUAutO 
V HtafostLewr 
Hindoo FWm 
Ind DcvBk 


Stole Bk Indio 
Steel Authority 
Tate Eng Loco 



Boro lad 







Forth AG 



Gar Barque 


Ronde Beta 




llCB l 


AMBB 1650 

Affldos 334 

Astro Hue 49750 

Atana 134*0 

feiBeifei <SZ5 

BASF t3J0 

? goy.VtHBhaflk 9S 
- Bam am 

goostori 79 

iS? ,£ 

pCAGCatater ioi.0 
gnBensni* m. 70 
fenferBenz 13480 
U*9wSw 9730 

N/gU Lam dose Prev. 
Deutsche Bonk 109 JO 108 10M5 10BBQ 

DeulTdefconi 38M V&5 38 3S4D 

DmdnerBank 7X30 7UD 7320 7110 

Fresenftis 315 315 Jl5 330 

FraenbiMed 12280 131 132J0 13350 

FnatKmup 345 

SABreowes inas 'A\2S til 

Sstrenear Sr 37 37 K‘ 

t* 4L^ 6Z5C 61i3 

4! 4240 
151 JO 15440 
SZJD 5470 
33480 337J30 
128 13040 
33-50 3420 
95.10 94.80 
10130 10540 
190l20 192J0 
3C«40 3150 
89.70 *450 
42 4440 
5480 5740 
101 105 

319.50 330 

127 12140 
84 0480 
9050 9150 
7030 7090 
45 4S80 
74 71.10 
4150 6150 
315 322 

241 250 

14450 1S0.2Q 
110 11180 
79-50 83 

*gs ^ 

19130 19450 
11430 117 

103 10140 
431-50 43440 
JIMUO 101.60 
44 4440 
247 25030 

• SET tedac 52334 

PrettaOE 52549 

175 149 ITS 174 

193 189 190 193 

24J0 23J5 M 2435 
334 314 322 314 

566 S8 566 560 

TO 87 87-50 88 

3425 31-25 32J» 33_» 

41 40 41 40 

117 113 117 !» 

102 99JSD 100 100 

Swtm jSWec 4*97-54 
PlMoB! 404747 

847.75 8S2J0 855-50 84925 
1413 13W 1*175 1376.75 

499 4B7JJ 49225 
1U UM 10425 98.75 
544 531.75 533.75 51825 
262S0 251.75 25425 25i25 
ynen 34525 346 348 

313 307.50 3082® 312 

71 .75 21 2I-W 2025 

35550 349 35050 344 

PretriOUS: Z34L82 

1455 1 425 loSS 1425 
7430 7250 

B890 8650 8820 S7D0 

3050 2900 3*50 3020 

17950 17700 1777S T»T00 
1750 1720 1725 1725 

7743 7220 ?20 £2 
3500 3430 3450 3490 
7140 4970 7120 7060 

3325 3250 3300 3265 

5660 5580 5640 5650 

14175 )3850 1<»™ Jg® 
14100 13900 3900 
13475 13250 13350 13450 
ASS 4835 4840 4350 

10400 >0150 10400 10450 
Wi 3320 3355 3375 

2000 TWO 21025 
WOO 14550 14425 V4650 
121850 130000 I20SW 121600 


BG flank W g | 

& 1 i 4 I 

Previous; 395932 

JAJ0 >44® >4® 
2EJ0 224 ZHAO 
tooS 407 4> 2 

131 131% >31 » 
£4J0 455S ^ 

ilfij 43^0 &>£ 
SS 67^ 64S 
94.10 95 ^95 

«7« P30 
jj J! ” 
38JD 38L40 38-® 

161150 141 .1* 

S?0 4449 .45^ 
msa 134 bo wa 
9150 H w 

SGL Carton 

Siemens 1R28 

SfBiinfer (A«0 1U» 

Suedzudter 860 

Thyasen 427 

v «° ® 

VEW 580 

225 22350 22440 222 

11420 112J0 114 112.95 









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Orion- Yfityiftt* 




Hong Kong 

Cattay Pacific 13^ 


SKT 23 

- Bk 42 



inv BUS 

Hondasooljl 7L50 
HKCMnotte 1425 
HKEiedMc asa 
HKTetecomm 1830 


Dev 24 

EIHdg 21 iO 
21 X 

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SiM Land Ca 7* 
SItiCMia Past 7 


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Bk Inti ktfW 







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FLSInflB 7*6 738 242 ^ 

KohLaftwine 740J4 734 735 

NvoNordiskB mtM ^ ^4 B3 

SHlMlBcrB SI ^ 386 382 

»“> g SS “ s 

Ol 424 429 431 


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Tiger Oate 

UM UtiMes 703 4.93 4.95 4.99 

'vensoraeljiots 430 4.73 474 485 

vesSrfc oc 315 1(2 1M 1M 

■KftBftieaa*' " 8.1 > >90 -7.95- 82» 

WTiJfiQtra Hdgs 153 2M 1S2 1S3 

V/olseter ASS 4*5 4A 449 

Fifed. Krupp 365 343 364J0 358 

107 JO 106 107 10460 

HeUetog2mt 14/ 146 146 IAS 

Henkel pH 95J0 93J0 9470 95 

HEW A55 4» iSS 45S 

Hochtief 84 8320 86 B3J0 

Hoedist 71 JO 49 JO 71 JO 69.15 

Koretait 42 4*450 648 453 

Uhnwyer 92 91.10 92 94 

Unde 123D 1195 1220 1212 

Lufthansa 37 3455 3490 36JD 

MAM 513 509 . 512 516J0 

Mcrneawnr 870 B3B BULSO BAL50 

Mekdgesdsdnfl39J0 SkSO 39^ 39.10 
Metro 91-50 9£U0 91 JO 9350 

MundiRueckR ^ » 5® M 

Pmnsaa 521 513-50 520 517 

RWE 8J 7B BJ 79 

SAP pH 40180 399 JO 399 JO 405*0 

Severing 1B2L50 18060 181J0 1B3.60 

SGLCortan 225 22SJ0 22440 222 

1400 1«» 1400 1400 
860 830 841 860 

427 418-30 427 41 750 

98 97.1D , 98 9RW 
S80 572 578 573 

772 765-50 772 773 

1318 1302 1315 1305 


48J0 47 JO 48J0 47 JO 
218 3J4JD 217 218 

48 47 47 JO 47 

71 69 70JM 7080 

HJS 21JO Z2JO 21 JO 
162 155 160 157 

47.40 45-90 47 46 

12£ IS .JS 

634 422 431 429.10 

1S2 179.90 180 181 

9050 87 9050 B9J0 

TM 130 133 131 JO 

82 77.50 79 78 

Kuala Lumpur <**£*£g" 

AMMBHdgn 11J0 11 11 1140 

Genfeig 1070 1030 10.70 103) 

AWBoataiq 7150 19J0 19XB 20.70 

Mul InO Ship F 6 555 595 160 

PetranosGos 9.15 8JQ £30 9.10 

Proton 830 8.15 £2D 8J0 

PuOflcBk 326 112 118 112 

Rawng 3JB 123 124 130 

Resorts Vitoria 7 JO 7.10 7-25 7.15 

RottumsaPM 26 25.75 2175 25.75 

Sane Dartv 7.15 

Tefetamk'rt BJ5 

Tccmo 9J5 

UtdEn®ne«s 1160 

YTL 7 


Abbey NoH 142 

ABtatOomaj 4J3 

AngtionVVWer 7 j80 


AsbcGnwp T-50 

Assoc Br Foods £10 

BAA £49 

BrntSays 14J5 

Bass 831 

BAT Ind £41 

Batk Satitand 4.17 

Blue Cade A2B 

BOC Group 11.12 

Barts 119 

BPBInd 144 

Brit Aerosp 1452 

Brt Airaays 6J7 

BG 7M 

BiBLnnd £92 

BiftPotta £77 


•a ^ ^ 

13 13.10 1X38 

3930 3860 
4450 4440 
3930 4230 
94B 9-10 

15.10 U-95 
)02 10150 
3.90 IPO 
71.25 7050 
16 1635 
2090 2845 
17J9 1830 
488 485 

255 256 

7735 76J5 
a« 2190 
21 21J0 
2130 2060 
53 52 

283 280 

’- 41 Jd? 

97 JO 9675 
480 480 

785 7.75 

680 7 

46 6435 
2930 29-50 
17J5 1780 

nfi iw iw S 

11® 1050 1(M 
9175 9W0 9150 9150 

3500 3275 3300 3375 

4KU 3800 MS 

7050 ffls SS 

7375 7250 7300 7375 
3400 3225 3250 3359 
K§ 3250 3250 3350 

Johannesburg ““EroS 

ArartnomtdBks 3MD » » ^ 

225 TO 

HI "a »s m 

AVJUN H 5535 

>3 SS U ^ 

Bff S3 U 1Q f 

iMpnirtHdgs 4l|0 ^ & 

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Sssfi? 3821 ^ 2 ^.^ 

Brit Steel 137 

BrifTetaDM 437 

BTR 113 

Bonnot) Costed 1185 

BtlrtOoGp 1-26 

CnbfcWirctess £64 

CortwrySats £90 

Carton Comm £09 

CommlUrton 737 

[‘fiiwrwfip B 7] 
Coutfiulds 123 

Dbcans 640 

EKtroowrpooBib A47 
EMI Group £48 

Energy Group 6.19 

EnteroifseOfi 784 

Fomtototrial 134 

Gerri Accident 937 

GEC 384 

GKN 1184 

dan nteBcDOM 12-42 

GronodaGp UO 

Grand Met £82 


GreenollsGp 489 

Guinness £68 

GU5 W7 

HS§fcHMps 205) 

O 1038 

impl Tobacco 4 

Land Sec 
Uremo aas 

Leqal Genl Grp 4J5 

iSfdsTSBGp 732 

UKasVarity 2 

jVlgrtsSpenttf 582 



Hal West 

N«d . . , „ 

Orsnce IW 

PU3 455 

FtaUM" J4| 


Sent Group 


K ?"* 5 ts 


set““ | 

SarfNeaeastto « 


Sea#*. ¥m 

Severn Trent 

|^ TranspR ieS 

SSwiow WJV 


L2>L*5b0l 1780 WJS 5|75 

NUnotSp W> S job 20 i9« 

NedW _ V 4S7TI -;C7 B 40.15 

temKWj* 5 6425 4580 =i25 

BictieoKtt SS jts £3 53 

RBSSPirtram 8235 W3 



Thames water 

31 croup 
.jW Assurzna: 
ysf Neas 

WPP Group 2.78 232 2.78 2-79 

Zeneca 1946 1933 19.60 1939 

11 11 IU0 

1030 10.70 10-50 
Wja 19M 20.70 
£55 595 £60 

a£0 830 9.10 

8.14 ajo 830 
112 118 112 
123 124 12) 

7.10 735 7.15 

а. K 2575 2575 

б. 90 7 7 

MO £4: 835 

£»S 8.70 895 

1170 !1°0 1190 
4J0 ft.75 £70 

FT-SElOte 490480 
PrtnOOt: 4SSL3D 

BJO 830 831 

4-55 Ail AA3 

7J2 732 733 

633 634 633 

I. 47 1.4S 1X9 

£07 £ue £06 

£55 £47 5J0 

1193 14.14 1401 
EM 838 813 

£1S £27 531 

A01 413 41 B 

413 416 417 

II. 05 1187 11 -02 

787 817 788 

138 139 141 

1433 1451 1437 
635 4J2 645 

160 264 261 

£83 £85 5.91 

859 876 847 

A32 439 437 

133 1.75 134 

4J)3 404 414 

109 111 2.11 

1087 1897 10.98 

734 135 136 

£43 £42 ££J 

580 5.37 550 

493 497 £09 

730 735 733 

432 432 634 

116 118 331 

£45 635 6J4 

462 465 447 

£53 £54 £55 

£15 £17 £19 

£07 £97 £90 

131 132 132 

930 934 936 

333 182 174 

1135 11-B0 1133 
12JH 1238 7234 
833 834 823 

£75 537 £81 

2.70 230 23< 

438 481 489 

£64 £65 

£33 £45 .... 

£10 £12 £12 

2039 2035 2076 
1008 1013 1009 

182 195 382 

733 735 733 

155 141 162 

9.13 9.15 930 

141 2J3 2J3 

£84 £74 

433 436 

1148 UJ0 
171 231 

5X0 541 

7.99 7.90 

738 745 

145 337 

104 108 

£52 £44 
744 739 

1.44 134 

734 7JS 
5.17 £10 

£01 £04 

731 734 

3.60 144 

9.95 949 

193 234 
£40 £48 
115 115 
£44 437 

3 198 
9.97 939 

7030 1030 
154 149 
£9fl 6 
5J0 539 
174 178 

£41 440 

1835 1833 
734 732 

£43 £35 
US 2J7 
844 8J3 

£19 £25 
1081 1081 
136 137 
HA. £32 
833 831 
AS? £62 
430 £90 
938 9.94 

£» £18 

4 - ,S 

731 788 

488 485 
£03 535 
108 1)4 

17& 17?7 

438 £32 

7 781 




Aquas Barceton 




Bco Centro HBp 


Bco Santander 






Gas Natural 




Unim Fenoso 
Vtotaic Cement 


Ayota B 
UP Homes 
Metro Bar* 


Phi Long Dlst 
Son Wiquet B 
5M Prime /MB 


Ada A 
Cemex CPO 

Erop Modema 


Gj»F Bcomnr 

Goo Pin Inbwso 




Bco Comm IW 
Beo FHeuram 
Bondi Roma 

Ciedite ttaBsno 

Genenfi Asste 
1MI . 






Rrta Banco 
SPaato Torino 


Bee Mali Com 
CT Furl Svc 
Gar Metro 
Gt-West Uteco 
Natl Bk Canada 
Power Coro . 
Power Fell 
RMereComm B 

50 'n 50,10 
2419 76,15 
3719 37.15 
4430 4330 
1814 1005 
33U 33V!. 

39J5 3W* 

344 Wi 

2030 20 

1830 17.90 
384 37Vj 
37lt 3190 
24M 2530 
9to 9>* 
65.10 4155 

Norsk Hydro 
Orkla Asa A 
Paten GeoSwc 

CAOW-. 2871 JO 
PreviariK 2M934 

Botsatiula: 57156 
Previow: 580.11 
5710 25840 24100 

1780 1800 1800 

5500 5520 5540 

7710 7730 7830 

4010 4050 4050 

1430 1430 1450 

7fc30 7700 7720 

5700 5770 57TB 

4100 34380 34250 

4225 4225 4275 

4585 4620 4430 

3310 3330 3JW 

8240 8530 *8370 

3075 3075 31M 

1215 1215 1230 

6730 4740 6680 

1720 1730 1735 

3840 2860 2850 

5900 6050 6000 

!35fl 1370 1360 

8000 8120 BOOB 

3945 3990 3995 

1175 1190 1195 

2735 2760 2745 

Pnvloes: 238032 

1635 1530 1535 16 

17 1635 16.50 14.75 

134 127 128 131 

530 5 5.40 530 

77-50 75J0 76 77J0 

465 447 JO 452-50 450 

530 5 £10 5.10 

194 190 190 193 

845 830 840 EOT 

55 53J0 55 54 

7J0 £90 730 7 

Bobo index: 485956 
Previous: 491 4J1 

6130 6100 6130 
2235 22-75 2106 
40.15 4030 4035 
1430 1430 1438 
40.70 4130 41.7® 
55.90 56.00 5630 
140 £43 1S1 

34*0 3A« 3430 
3530 36-00 35-00 
125 JO 127.00 129 -03 
1940 1948 2030 



Alcatel Atom 
Bn name 

BNP _ 

Canal Mui 




Christian Ota 
CLf-Dada Ftun 
CredU Aoricoto 
EH- Aquitaine 
Frtdante BS 
Gen. Emm 






MicheSn B 


Pernod Rmd 

Peugeot Cit 









5GS Thomson 
Jutn (Gel 
Sue! Lvon Ea ax 

946 934 

226J0 21130 
962 931 

782 745 

39&J0 393 

724 707 

477 JO 
279 273 

1013 996 

3MB 3745 
29330 285.10 
3ia90 304 

636 625 

937 910 

£53 50 

1279 1275 
830 BJO 
7 635 

703 415 

37X50 368.10 
848 835 

404.10 39540 
1144 1092 

2282 2205 
1419 1370 

351.90 346.10 
<17.70 43140 
29950 294 

495 444 

2448 2587 

2244 2184 
16£50 160.10 
1710 1442 

235J8 231-50 
602 588 

322 314.10 
960 945 

584 571 

m 744 
2820 2747 
843 845 

1£65 1540 
451 439 

727 706 

15830 154 

612 590 

11130 109.10 
36BJD 362 

935 942 

22530 216 

938 *41 

772 777 

395. JO 39630 
721 7tK 
475 468 

276-30 280 

998 1011 
3878 3782 
29250 289 

306,90 308-50 
429 434 

923 926 


1279 1298 
920 913 

703 700 

B16 815 

BJO 840 
7 £95 

699 49S 

370 36940 
842 845 

J04 mi 

1114 T104 

2220 2236 

1382 1380 

350 353 

432 437 

296-50 2 9X20 
491 471 

440 2652 

145 166-30 
1710 1451 
23340 23£2S 
597 990 

327 JD 314-50 
960 9S1 

572 5B5 

778 777 

2747 2776 

>54 853 

1545 1575 
439 452 

714 772 

15440 1504 
594 404 

111 11130 
36050 37230 

Electrolux B 
Ericsson B 
Hermes B 
Incentive A 
Investor B 
Scarua B 

Skorufto Fare 

Sparbankrn A 
Store A 

High Low dose Prev. 

577 5*4 . 547 578 . 

14250 333 337 JO -.33850 

310-50 301 304 2U 

•735 J - 715“ ■ 732 717 

397 390 393 396 

268 253 265 260 

250 245 245 250 

274 270JS 271 276 

244-50 237 2 40 JO 741 

221 216.50 31 BJO 720 

179 JO 174 177 JO 179-50 

B3-50 BIJ0 BZ-50 83 

321 314 314 319 

371 31SJ0 319 310 

216 21DJ0 211 211JD 

177 174 17450 17S 

131 JO 128 130 129 

245 240 242 743 

209 JO 206 20650 207 






Brambles ln£ 

CC Ablate 
Coles Myer 

Fosters Brew 
Goodman fid 
IQ Australia 
Lend Lease 
MIM Hdas 
Nat Aust Bank 
Hat Mutual Wg 


Ptoneer InH 
Pub Broadcast 
Rio TWo 

AM OnJdjcries: 2426 JD 
PTWlous: 2626JB 

> BBS £15 B21 

i 9.95 1003 10 

8l19 BJS 

10.15 9.95 
1735 17359 

44M 3.96 

28.10 2£73 
1538 15.15 
1£95 1485 
U4 4-30 
7.12 784 

5 £92 

252 2J7 

t.97 1.96 

13 1283 
29.95 29 JO 
1J9 1.44 

19A4 1B.95 
2.77 208 

£01 £91 

3J7 3-53 

£57 454 

8.15 B.10 

1731 1733 
£03 4.07 

27 JO 28.15 
1537 1531 
1£90 1480 
632 435 
7.10 7.05 

435 439 

3-62 2J8 

1.96 1.96 

1237 13-04 
29.90 30.40 
157 157 

18.98 19JM 
210 211 
5.98 582 

333 339 

437 436 

B.12 8.13 

Yjie Tf ib Index Pr ' 0S asc,300PM rtUu Ya * >«•» 

Jjn 1. :00 Level Orange % change yearioanie 

% change 

WorWlndox 171.80 *1.M -0.63 *15.19 

Regional Indexes 

Asta,’ Pacific 124 60 -Z 38 -187 *OS5 

Europe 181.95 *2.14 *1.19 *12.87 

N. America 201 37 *2.02 -0.99 +24.37 

S America 168.45 +2.11 +1.27 +47.21 

fnrtJNitriar Indexes 

Capital goods 218.38 -3 31 -1.49 +27.77 

Consumer goods 186.58 -1.61 -0.86 +15.58 

Energy 197.B0 +1.93 +0.99 +15.87 

Finance 130.00 -1.19 -0.91 +11.63 

MisceRaneous 183.15 -0.09 -0.05 +13^1 

Raw Materials 384.86 -0.46 -0.25 +5.41 

Service 162.90 -0.37 -023 +18.63 

Lllffiiies 164.35 +1-60 +0.98 +14.56 i 

TJta imnmanonal Hamid Tri/une World Stock Index O trades rhaU.S. doHar values of , 
ZBOenentaiionaBy mestabte stocks tram 25 courmes. For mom eiHomrawn. a toon I 
booMrt « avadabto by wrong id The Tab Index. 181 Avenue Charles, da Qautie. ■ 
92531 NsuriV Cede*. France Compiled by Bloomberg Nawn 


Mitsui Fudwn 1470 

Mdsoi Trust n«r 

Mufflto IKIIg 
Unfeada 10400 

Nfep Express 
Nippon Sfcel 
Hissem Motor 

5f George Bank 









Ncrouro 5« 

Western flkfrij 















NTT Data 

OP Paper 
Osaka Gas 

SSo Paulo --SSS’BBS Tai P ei 

M1B TOwaOco: 1414930 
Pieviaes: 1414030 
[4615 14250 1«15 14260 
4380 42*i 43?® £SS 

6040 59M 5M0 5940 

1579 1541 1557 1544 

26400 25650 25750 25550 
3550 3530 3615 3555 

8240 8835 8175 8150 

10070 SW0 9925 10045 
5605 5(90 5500 551$ 
374GJJ 36150 37131 3660® 
14410 16100 14250 16135 

7545 7m 
11400 11430 
1090 1094 

785 744 

2670 2645 

4445 4605 

14855 14640 
“900 21550 
J310 12440 
10370 10400 
5775 5700 

ladudrirtsiedn: 354439 




BrottescoPfd 11340 1130 1130 1130 

BrohraoPM 745JJI 740.00 742.01 740.00 

56 SO W.00 5470 55J» 

79-80 7199 79.70 7830 
1635 16-10 1425 1400 

528.00 510.00 524JM 509J00 

ttOUbancaPM 655JD 650JW 655.00 649.99 

Light Senddos 4724)0 467 JM £7101 467 JM 

Uglllpar 430-00 424.00 £2450 430JQO 

^roEtsPtt 299.00 29000 299-00 2KM 

Paufeta LuJ 197.00 194J1» !9£00 20000 

SdNoawid M 37 JO 3750 3830 

SouinCroz 1055 SO) 11155 7026 

TefetuaS Pid 146D0 142.10 V44J0 14340 

Tetartg 170.00 16830 16100 168J0 

Tttaf ISOfflj 14730 148.90 14H/r- 

TetepPa 35531 35! Jl 355.00 351: 

Unfcisncn 4050 4030 4050 4850 

UdmfewPfd 1230 11.80 1153 17-90 

CVRD PM 2730 2730 2735 2731 

Coe^ostteladae 73831 
^revtoeB 73443 

91300 90100 90200 91300 
7700 7510 7600 

72000 20500 20500 21000 
12700 12500 12700 12708 
252B0 2*» 25000 24408 
sm 5370 5410 5500 

46000 44250 45000 46000 
59500 57800 57800 <59000 
£7900 47000 47000 47600 
72500 71800 71 BO WOT 
9300 9200 9200 9310 

505000 480000 495000 500000 

Ghana Hwa Bk 
OnaoTung Sk 
China Devopmt 
China Steel 
Pormasa Ptetle 
Hue Nan Bk 
NanYa PtosBa 


Utd World Chto 




Kn Motors 
Korea El Per 
Samswifl Datey 
“ Elec 


50.10 50.45 

2£40 2 M* 

37 JO 3730 

44.10 dlffi 
18.15 16 S 
33Hi 334 
3935 MBS 

34H 35H 

2030 20.15 
17.95 18.10 

38.10 3840 
36.90 37.15 
25.M 2£10 

W 9 AS 

(M 5fl4 

Asia Poe Brow 
' _ Pac 

uir Devds 
Cycle Carriage 
DBS*— -=— 




Jard Mathew 




OBX tadec 47537 
Prestons: 675J2 

131 133 132 

198 190.50 Sffll 
1470 2£40 2490 
KJO 30.10 2970 
134 135 136 

45 £5 45.10 

397 397 400 

392 394 39650 

273 274 276 

144 IS 150 
530 530 534 

414 «7 416 

153 I54JD 15450 
719 72230 120 

655 462 452 

49 49 JO 4930 

OS Union SkF 
Sing Air. 
Stog Press F 
Slog Tedt hid 
Tot Lee Bonk 
Utd Industrial 

1U US Mors. 

£70 £40 

434 430 

17J0 10.90 
1130 11 

039 038 
1730 1730 
434 434 

9 480 
324 3.10 

7AS 7.10 
194 190 

535 575 

140 152 

£44 4JQ 
412 £16 

■1270 1140 
410 735 

£45 62S 
£70 £40 

1140 1110 
740 730 

2£!0 2330 
2.78 241 

244 141 

239 234 
1.10 135 

1140 1130 
350 150 

540 530 

7&W 11J0 
1130 1130 
039 037 

17.2» 1730 
£10 434 

380 830 
130 332 
745 7.15 
194 3*2 
5JS £70 
152 158 

440 448 

434 £18 
1130 1170 
B 8-15 
£40 £25 

*JS £45 
1110 1230 
740 7 30 
24 2330 
259 157 

142 144 

185 234 
1.10 139 

1150 1330 
150 I* 



AsaM Glass 

Bk Tokyo MJtsu 

Bk Yokohama 





Dai Nipp Print 




Drtwa House 




East Japan Ry 
Fug Bmk 
Fug Photo 


Pm mu 325115 

AGAB 114J0 113 114-50 114 

ABBA 120 116 118 118 

AssfDanan 246 2« 344 2*5 

Astra A 132 125 130 128 JO 

Afcs Copco A 247JQ 241 243J0 . 244 

AuUiv 306-50 299 30£50 302-50 



Honda Motor 






Japan Tobacco 





Kaw Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Kata Steel 

BS“ EI “ 



Matsu Comm 
Moteu Efec Ind 
Matsu Elec Wk 







Stock Mata* lndat1MB0J7 
Previous: 10114J4 

149 143 1445D 142 

118J0 114 115 113 

UH 103 WM 9850 
142 134 134 138 

31 JO 3020 3020 3030 
119 114 115J0 113 

66J50 64 64 66-50 

130 124 I25L50 122 

60 5? 60 56J0 

B0J0 77 77 JO 80J0 

100 95-50 96J0 95 

168 161 161 14B 

47 JO « /J.W «4J0 
141 JO 138 138 138 

48 64J0 67 JO 44 

Nlteai 225: 1M41 54 

1120 1120 1140 
701 702 714 

3220 3250 3330 


— 634 — 

930 R® 945 
275*0 2m 2230 
503 510 503 

2720 2720 273® 

3290 3330 3390 
2000 2010 2020 
1950 1950 1960 

2460 2480 Z710 

825 828 841 

1450 1453 7470 
421 421 449 

1300 1380 13TO 

734 743 740 

4420a 4670a <900o 
2600 2600 2650 

5210a 5270a 52300 
2380 2380 2400 
4650 4720 4710 

1510 ISIS 1540 
4580 4580 4410 

1540 1 550 1580 
119) 1160 TO 
1140 7140 11» 
3580 3590 3630 

167® 1470 1720 

348 372 377 

516 517 520 

4720 6720 4810 
473 477 475 

9550a 9800a 9420a 
3180 3180 3180 
431 431 644 

2210 2210 2240 


Rohm 12900 

San wa Bank 
Sefcfcul House 1170 

Seven- Beven nsm 

Shikoku El Pwr 1950 

Shin-otwi Oi 



Surofluma Elec 1900 

Suretl Metal 
S uwfl T rust 
Tubho Ptnini 
Takoda Chern 

TohokuEtPwr 1950 

Tokffl Bank 1050 

Tokyo ElPwr 
Tukyt> Electron 4980 

Tokyo Gas *° c 



Toppan Print 
Tuny Ind 

Toys Trust 
Toyota Motor 


Alberto Energy 
Alcoa Mure 
Bk Nova Santa 
BC Telecomm 
Btodtem Phann 
Cdn Not Res 

1430 un 
TOO 707 
5140 5230 

1480 1480 

2169 2170 

585 587 

10500 105DO 
776 778 

521 521 

298 298 

755 743 

181 181 
1400 1610 

1130b 1140b 
5300b 5350b 
603 605 

271 271 

1700 1700 

12800 12900 
725 725 

3750 3810 

1520 1520 
445 445 

8250 8250 

£280 5280 

1000 WOO 

list 117fl 

8400 B4D0 

1310 1310 
1930 1950 

420 422 

3040 3120 

1950 1970 

1270 1240 

4890 5000 

10700 10800 
991 995 

178- 1780 

448 470 

1880 1“ 

272 ... 

1160 7160 

2900 2936 

3270 3270 

9060 9150 

1930 1930 
1030 1040 

1350 1360 

im 2250 
6790 48M 

281 322 

410 425 

MOO 7100 
1748 1768 
B01 BOA 
710 710 

2540 25*8 

944 950 

3110 3130 
2910 2920 

TSE IwtaiTlals: 4651.84 
Previous.- 4497.91 




























8000 8000 
i960 I960 
588 588 

439 444 

UNO 1890 

2220 uw 

1300 1300 
1210 1220 
306 308 

562 547 

1480 1700 
807 807 

494 m 
1480 1480 
1010 1010 

Donohue A 
Oa PanfCdOA 
Fairfax Rni 
Falcon bridge 
Fletcher Choi A 
Franco Nevada 
Guff CAT Res 
Imperial 08 

IPL Energy 

Loewsi Group 
Marfan Inti A 

2SJ0 24.95 
22 30.35 
51.15 saio 
1740 17 JO 
5435 52.85 

3255 32V, 

MM 38J0 
3115 3185 
3880 3080 
28-55 2785 
4980 4930 

37 3£90 
70M 49.90 
34>6 SA 

35.95 3105 

4180 41'« 

38 37te 

2880 78.1 D 
11.40 11'A 

31 ■* 31 

32.90 3190 
231* 23vi 

21.95 7U5 

364 381 

2£45 26.10 
24 2340 
3440 3140 

11 1085 
77 JQ 76.40 

38.95 38J5 

49.90 49i* 
20V* 2030 

4485 434 

1770 17M 
9214 911* 

12 1185 
2£15 7780 

Norcen Energy 
Nlhem Tdeam 



Plocef Dome 





Rogers Canid B 

Seagram Co 



Tansmarr Eny 





T oritom Bonti 


TransCda Pfee 



TVXGrtd „ 

ttesfcacBt Eny 



Ortatonsl Pffl 

Oesl EfeUriz 
VA Stall 
Wteoerterp Bou 

High Lour 
64 "A 4380 
28.10 27W 

3J.9Q 34-55 
141 W 139.10 
11 JO 1155 
3185 31 ££ 
26.W 24 

25 1 * 2485 
23** 2130 
13« 13» 

10345 1D2JQ 
35** 1540 
32 31** 

27.70 77V, 

49.90 491* 

21.90 2185 
ASt, 44V) 

£540 4*W 

271* 2690 
441* 44 

27 JO 77V, 

3245 32 '4 

4714 41J0 
17J0 17J5 
2640 2610 
64*4 641* 

31 JO 311b 
745 7M 
24 35 26 10 
94 9385 

ATX Mm 135445 
Praytert: 133149 

971 1012 979 

N.T. N.T. 610 

2960 3040 3000 

1513 1548 1513 

JB5« 500 530 

1641 17341668.9® 

857.40 865 857-70 

536 550 54110 

2245 2340 2288 

2425 2520 2455 

Wellington NZSE^iMmMgsa 

AirNZeoUB £43 440 £40 £42 

Brieriy mvt 144 144 145 146 

Carter Had ord 348 341 342 349 

FteMhChBldg £38 £3t* »4S «4S 

FMOiChEfiy 582 5J5 £62 £45 

FlaKhChFOTd 185 181 183 185 

Ftek}? Ch Paper 1® 37* 125 ID 

Uon Nathan £82 £00 481 484 

Telecom NZ 785 783 783 788 

Wilson Hortnn 1185 rtJH 1180 1180 

2495 25W 
30. PS 3090 
5040 51.10 
1780 1730 
53-40 5415 
6080 6180 
321* 32.70 
3985 W 
3385 34 

3880 3885 
2785 281* 
49 J0 4980 
36-55 3£J0 
fl9.95 70 

3580 36.10 
35L05 35.70 
4145 41.45 

37.90 38 
28!4 2880 
life 1120 

11 31 

3 190 33 

m 22.70 

21.90 21.60 

384 383 

2610 26JS 
23** 2360 
33V1 33*4 
>0.95 1) 

76.90 7680 
38*5 39.05 

49.90 <9*» 
2SL45 2040 
43* 4480 
1785 17.70 
9140 92.10 

11.90 12 
27« 27.90 



Adecco B 




Baer HdgB 





Crf Suisse GpR 





LfechtenSI LB B 



Oerikn Butfi R 





Ruche Hdg PC 

SBC ft 

Sditndter PC 
Swiss Reins R 
SAir Group R 
Zurich Assur R 

SPItedm 341949 
PraytavK 3M7 JO 

2320 2244 

537 524 
1342 >28? 
2370 2280 

850 BSD 
2215 2180 
3970 3895 
1052 1025 
132J0 129 

1030 999 

181 17125 

538 534 

6835 6740 
£390 4270 

1273 >252 
578 572 

1812 1772 

17 2144 
181 177 

■785 1730 
902 881 

2075 2075 
326 320 

13460 13060 
3MJ0 37tLSJ 
1900 1850 
2950 2830 
885 863 

1098 1065 
1998 1942 
1848 1815 
1509 1480 

1316 1345 
571 558 

bo \ jXii 

A « . ■* —"»W »L> 



PAGE 15 

Hong Kong Auction 
Brings Out Bidders 


unMrTrT tat to ensure success by putting up 

huno KONG — Hong Kong’s for auction the exclusive site in Re- 
s howed it still pulse Bay, once a holiday enclave 
had some sizzle Wednesday when for British colonialists. 

the government auctioned off a par- “It’s at the center of Repulse 

£ „ f Si? m fjpy Re P“ke Bay for Bay/’ said Anton Kwang of ABN 
Hong Kon 6 dollars Amro Hoare Govett Asia Ltd., “and 
(S /16.7 million). it’s a high rise with good sea views. 

. ‘T ce L offeretlb y tl,e P rivi ®'y ft’s so scarce. This is the only big 
ncia Chinachera Group, was within site available on Hong Kong Island 
{■“S** ®*P ectatioDS and attracted on the southern side in the next few 
Keen bidding from other big de- years.” 

velopers, including Cheung Kong The auction came amid specu- 
Hoidings Ltd., Sun Hung Kai Prop- lation as to how high prices can <ro. 
ernes Lid. and Henderson Land De- The new, Chinese government has 
Ve te“2!5i!S: J^torwnin pricesby increasing 

uiuuing irom outer big de- 
velopers, including Cheung Kong 
Holdings Ltd., Sun Hung Kai Prop- 
erties Ltd. and Henderson Land De- 
velopment Ltd. 

The bidding showed an intense 
interest despite the rally that has 
driven up average apartment prices 
more than 60 percent since 1995. 
This is important to the economy 
because seven in 10 Hong Kong 
companies invest in property. 

“It’s pretty important to have the 
blue-chip property developers will- 
ing to buy decent sires for decent 
prices,’ * said Rob Brewis, associate 
director for Nicholas-Applegate 
Capital Management (Hong Kong) 

Hong Kong stocks rallied as the 
auction proceeded. After dropping 
1.5 percent as the bidding started, 
the benchmark index of property 
shares rose more than 1 percent. 

Government planners did their 

Posts 42% 
Rise in Net 

Corapdrd OvOsrSktf Fitrni Dupacha 

TOKYO — Matsushita Elec- 
tric Industrial Co., the world's 
largest home-electronics 
maker, said net profit rose 42 
percent during the three months 
to June from the year-earlier 
period on strong sales of mobile 
phones and video cameras. 

Matsushita is one of a hand- 
fid of big Japanese manufac- 
turers including Sony Corp. and 
Canon Inc. that are increasing 
sales around the globe with 
popular high-tech items. They 
are also benefiting from favor- 
able foreign-exchange rates. 

Matsushita said group net 
profit was 26.3 billion yen 
($221.8 million), as sales rose 9 
percent, to a record 1 .89 trillion 
yen. The results were in line 
with expectations. 

:The company said that price ■ ■ 
cuts reduced its group revenue 
in the first/quarter by 88 billion 
yen compared with the year- 
earlier quarter. 

But Tetsuya Kawakami, gen- 
eral manager of Matsushita 
Electric’s accounting depart- 
ment, said, “We’re on track to 
meet our frill-year forecasts.’’ 

The company has forecast 
that group net will rise 10 per- 
cent to 152 billion yen on sales 
of 7.95 trillion yen for the year 
through March 1998. 

Matsushita’s profit from ex- 
ports was helped by the dollar’s 
advance against the Japanese 
currency. The dollar bought an 
average of 119.6 yen last 
quarter, up 11 percent from a 
year earlier. That raised the 
value of revenue repatriated to 
Japan and helped the company 
lower its prices overseas. 

“Gains from overseas sales 
on the weaker yen offset the 
impact of more sluggish con- 
sumer demand at home," said 
Kuraihide Takano, industry 
analyst at Dresdner Klein wort 
Benson (Asia) Ltd. 

Matsushita sells its electron- 
ic wares under the Panasonic, 
National, Quasar and Technics 
brands. (Bloomberg. Reuters) 

the supply on die maricet. 

But that did not deter the bidding 
Wednesday. In the end, Cheung 
Kong and Chinachem were tradin'* 

‘ ‘We bid hard because it’s a beau- 
tiful piece of land,” said W.F. 
Leung, a Chinachem director. 

Chinachem is the No. 2 privately 
held developer in Hong Kong. 

The auction took place as the gov- 
ernment said it was considering al- 
tering property laws to speed res- 
idential development and ease 
housing problems. 

Bonnie Yip. spokeswoman for 
the Planning, Environment and 
Lands Bureau, said that experts 
were considering proposals to let 
property be sold for redevelopment 

B-fchy YirVRdMi-. 

Grace Woo bidding Wednesday on behalf of Cheung Kong, a 
loser in the government’s auction of a ritzy plot in Hong Kong. 

even if some owners objected to the 

At present, 1 00 percent of owners 
in an apartment block must give 
their agreement before the site can 
be redeveloped. 

Human-rights watchdog groups 
immediately attacked the proposal. 

Ho Hei-wab, chairman of the 
Hong Kong Human Rights Com- 
mission, said it would contravene 
the Basic Law, the post-handover 

oe reoev eloped. the Basic Law, the post-handover 

Under the proposal, an aparrmenr miniconsrinition, ana warned that 
building or site could be sold if 80 any change faced costly and lengthy 

percent of the owners approved, a 
newspaper report said 

legal challenges by disgruntled 
owners. (Bloomberg, AFP) 

Manila Defends Peso on 2 Fronts 

Cmp&J frt OtrSuffntn Oupmcha 

MANILA — - The Philippine cen- 
tral bank intervened in die foreign 
currency market and raised bank 
reserve requirements Wednesday to 
prop the peso. 

It was the bank's first interven- 
tion in the market in about two 

Jaime Panganiban. managin g di- 
rector for Bank of America in Ma- 
nila, said the central bank had sold 
less than $10 million at 30.45 pesos. 
A trader for the central bank said it 
had offered to sell at that rate bat 
would not confirm whether it had 
actually completed transactions. 

“With the central bank's inter- 
vention today, you can say there is 
now a psychological cap' at 30.45 
pesos,” Mr. Panganiban said. 

But the peso still closed at a re- 
cord low. The dollar ended at 30.234 
pesos, up from 29.970 pesos Tues- 
day. The dollar’s previous strongest 

close was 30.073 pesos on Aug. 

The central bank governor. Gab- 
riel Singson. said there had been 

The central bank pointedly re- clear evidence Wednesday of spec- 
frained from intervening in markets ulation in the peso because of sharp 
io recent weeks, choosing instead to changes in the offer rates of banks. 

use liquidity-tightening measures to 
stabilize the peso. 

It announced Wednesday that ef- 
fective Thursday, it would raise the 
liquidity reserve requirement of 
commercial banks by 3 percentage 
points to 8 percent to reduce the 
amouni of money available for cur- 
rency speculation. It already 
tightened liquidity* twice in die last 
few months. 

The currency slid as much as 1.6 
percent after foreign investors, con- 
cerned that rising interest rates 
would hurt corporate profits, un- 
loaded stocks this week. 

Mr. Singson said the new liquid- 
ity-tightening measure should quell 
any speculative attack on the peso 
for the moment. 

The peso has dropped more than 
14 percent since July 1 1 , when the 

The increase in liquidity reserves, government bowed to market pres- 
which are interest-bearing, was de- sure and allowed it to weaken. 

creed by the central bank above a 
noninterest-bearing reserve require- 
ment of 13 percent! 

Dealers attributed the latest pres- 
sure on the peso to rising domestic 
interest rates and recent heavy 
losses on the stock exchange. 

The Philippine stock market’s 
benchmark index sank Wednesday 
to a 21 -month low, dropping 0.73 
percent to 2,284.03 points. It was the 
index’s lowest level since Nov. 22, 
1995, when it registered 2,268.33. 

I Bloomberg. Reuters. AP) 

Thai Losses 
On Currency 
Could Reach 
$15.6 Billion 

Conp/M fry Our Sxtff From DufvtrAri 

SINGAPORE — Thailand’s cen- 
tra] bank is at risk of losing up to 
$15.6 billion, which is more than 
half of its total foreign reserves, 
because of the failed defense of its 
currency, an official from die In- 
ternational Monetary Fund said 

The amount is the equivalent of 
two-thirds of the $23.4 billion that 
the Bank of Thailand announced last 
week it had built up on forward 
contracts that will mature over the 
next 1 2 months. 

“It is not possible to say with 
precision exactly how much of die 
outstanding forwards will lead to a 
loss of reserves,’ ’ said Hubert Neiss. 
director of the Fund’s Asia and Pa- 
cific department 

Central bank foreign reserves 
were $30 billioo at the end of July. 

But Mr. Neiss said during a visit 
to Singapore that Thai reserves 
would be replenished from the IMF- 
brokered assistance package of 
$16.7 billion. 

“If there’s sharp pressure on the 
baht" he said, “we would recom- 
mend a combination" of measures 
such as letting the baht ‘ ‘overshoot’’ 
or fall lower than its true value, 
while monitoring interest rates. 

The Bank of Thailand, the central 
bank, could offset the decline 
through intervention, he said, or it 
could let interest rates “absorb” the 
shock of defending the baht 

Whatever the measures needed to 
diffuse the currency and economic 
crisis. Mr. Neiss said, “We would 
not recommended a one-sided ap- 
proach. for example, doing nothing 
but raising interest rates.” 

“The financial situation in Thai- 
land cannot withstand extremely 
high interest rates for a prolonged 
period,” he said. 

Separately, the central bank 
denied Wednesday that Thailand 
had lost more than $3 billion in 
defending its embattled currency, 
saying the losses would be offset by 
gains from its foreign holdings. 

The bank, which is under heavy 
criticism over its handling of die 
country’s economic crisis, said it 
was impossible to estimate the ex- 
tent of the losses in forward swap 

(AFP. AFX, Bloomberg ) 

: 17000 2275 

Slagaporo TO# yo / 
Straft&Ttfnas ; ; . Nfcke» 225 

16000 - - 
15000 — 
‘ 14000 - 


\ .i. 2200 < 

.21000 - 

: 20000 - 
- ' 19000 - ' 

v 1975 --*— ^ 


1900 M AM j J 


I, Hang Kong Hanging 

Wednesday Prev. ' ' % 
Close Close Change 
15,533.35 15^47J22 -QX® 
1,915.56 1.925.20 -0.48 

2J52&.50 2,626.30 +0.01 

■ Kuala Lumpw.Compbslfe = 





| Bombay . ' ■ 

Source: Tetekurs 

Cbmpt&tep&Bt 73W8 


855.00 ■ -OJW 
.525.49 .. -0.33 
.. T34.03-; -D.S1 

2,300.32 -0:73 

•Sensftwlreje*'"' 4JJ97.56 4.107-24 0.24 

lnh:nuu> 'naJ Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• Japan will provide 800 million yen ($6.7 million) to a 
consortium of companies, including Mitsubishi Heavy In- 
dustries Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd., Fuji Heavy 
Industries Ltd. and Ishikawa-Harima Heavy Industries 
Co., seeking to develop a supersonic jetliner. 

• Pasminco Ltd_ an Australian base-metals mining com- 
pany, posted a 59 percent increase in net profit, to 64.7 million 
dollars ($48.3 million), and said strong zinc prices would lift 
earnings for the year. 

• Australia’s finance minister, John Fahey, has confirmed 
that the government’s sale of one-third of the telecommu- 
nications company Telstra Corp., which is expected to earn it 
about 12 billion dollars, will take place in November. 

• Newcrest Mining LttL, an Australian gold-mining com- 
pany, posted a loss of 89. 19 million dollars for the year ended 
June, compared with a 20.8 1 million profit in the previous year. 
The company reported a loss of 105 million dollars in its second 
half after it revalued its Teifer gold mine and posted a loss from 
the sale of its shares in Normandy Mining Ltd. Newcrest said 
it would not post a profit for the current year. 

• Century Zinc Ltd. received final approval to build a 1 2 
billion-dollar mine in Australia’s far north, after a three-year 
delay caused by an impasse with local Aboriginal com- 
munities. The mine, which is owned by Rio Tinto Ltd., is 
expected to be sold to Pasminco Ltd. within months. 

• Television Broadcasts Ltd, a Hong Kong television pro- 
ducer and broadcaster, said net profit rose 1 5 percent in the six 
months ended June 30. to 205.2 million Hong Kong dollars 
($26-5 million). 

• PT Media Citra Indostar, a consortium of private and 
Indonesian state companies, announced the launch of a digital 
satellite in October that will mainly be used for broadcasting. 

• Cisco Systems Inc-, the world’s largest maker of equipment 
to link computers, signed an agreement with Taiwan to build 
a network laboratory' on the island, venturing outside of the 
United States for the first time in vears. AFP Bknaher*. Rmn- 

Indonesian Imports Drop Sharply 


JAKARTA — Indonesia’s import 
volume has plummeted by two-thirds be- 
cause of the weak rupiah, according to a 
report released Wednesday. 

The chairman of the Indonesian Im- 
porters* Association, Amiruddin Sand, said 
imports in foe last month amounted to S750 

monthly amount of around S2-5 billion. 

“The things that are imported now are 
only materials which are of vital impor- 
tance,” foe newspaper Republika quoted 
Mr. Sand as saying. 

He said the sharp decrease in imports 
was mainly because of foe country’s cur- 
rency crisis. Another factor in foe decline 
was foe recent changes in customs in- 
spection regulations, he added. 

The rupiah’s value against the dollar has 
fallen sharply since it was floated by foe 
central bank on Aug. 14.The prices of most 
goods in Indonesia have increased since 
foe rupiah’s plunge, from basic food 
products to cars. 

The dollar finished Wednesday at 2.770 

Traders said that the worse was not over 
and that foe rupiah could slide further on 
growing expectations that interest rates 
will decline further as Bank Indonesia 
accepts a weaker rupiah over high interest 
rates, which cripple the economy. 

The overnight rate surged to as high as 
200 percent last week as Indonesia’s cen- 

Daniel Goh, a senior trader at Tokai Bank 
in Singapore, said. He said the dollar could 
rise to 3,000 rupiah again, with domestic 
investors selling it in "capital flight.” 

A week after Jakarta floated the rupiah, 
it halted all payments for central govern- 
ment-funded projects exceeding 200 mil- 
lion nipiah. Saleh Afiff, the coordinating 
minister for economy and finance, said last 
week foal foe government had set up a team 
to study possible project rescheduling. 

Meanwhile, foe director-general of cus- 
toms, Suhaijo, was quoted by Republika as 
saying that foe government would soon 
change the dollar exchange rate for import 
duties, previously set at 2,448 nipiah. 

Meanwhile, foe Malaysian ringgit eased. 

rupiah, up from 2.697.50 on Tuesday. as the dollar rose to 2.7870 ringgit from 
The currency weakened as foe composite 2.7745 ringgit on Tuesday. The overnight 
overnight rate at which Indonesian banks rate fell for the second straight day, to 
lend to each other fell to 26 percent Wednes- 5.950 percent from 7.025 percent amid 
day from 91 percent a week ago. speculation that Kuala Lumpur would re- 

First-tier Indonesian banks were char- porta July trade deficit this week of up to 
ring rates of 20 percent to 25 percent, 1.5 billion ringgit The deficit was 2.8 

billion ringgit in June. (AFP, Bloomberg) 

COOL: Dark Clouds Over Tokyo 

Continued from Page 11 ^ world’s second-largest 


ness of its sashimi and its ec- Yet he has Me faith in to 
lectic sake rice wine. ability of Japan, with its high 

Business was especially wages and heavy dereguU- 
sJow last year, so this year Mr. tion, to compete successfully 
Sato had! high hopes for a in ihe cut-and-tfoust 
tamper smSner. noomiiy global XLtat 

the busiest season. 11 ^ 

“We were a little busier grating economic decline. 

•• ho mm “But “I look around and wub 

Investment Opportunities 
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than last year,” he said. “But 
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A few doors along foe nar- 
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foe exception of foe Internet 
and other high-tech busi- 
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many Japanese businesses 
that have much of a future,’ 
he said. 

“I’m no pessimist, but i 

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PAGE 16 

Wednesday's 4 P.M. 

Hie 1,000 most-traded National Market securities 
in terns of dollar wk» updated Wceoyeor. 

The Associated 


DA Md PE u* U*=J Omtl SW* Mi YW PE urn U*H CJi* 



PAGE 18 


Bombing Claimed 

Olympics A shadowy group op- 
posed to Stockholm’s Did for the 
2004 Olympics took responsibility 
Wednesday for bombing the coun- 
try's largest stadium. 

In a letter to The Associated 
Press bureau in London, the group 
We Who Built Sweden said Mon- 
day ’s bomb at New UUevi Stadium 
in Gothenborg was to protest Stock- 
holm’s bid for the 2004 Olympics. 

' ‘Had our previous warning been 
taken seriously in Sweden, this 
might not have happened,” the let- 
ter said in English. The same group, 
or individual, took responsibility for 
the Aug. 8 bombing of the Olympic 
stadium in Stockholm, also in a 
letter sent to the news agency. (AP) 

Contract for Wilkens 

basketball Lenny Wilkens, 
who has won more games than any 
other coach in NBA history, fi- 
nalized details Wednesday on a 
four-year, S20 million contract ex- 
tension with the Atlanta Hawks. 

• The Los Angeles Lakers agreed 
to a contract with Rick Fox, a free 
agent who played for the Boston 
Celtics last season. (AP) 

Mete Love Valentine 

baseball The New York Mels 
rewarded their manager, Bobby 
Valentine, for their unexpected 
success this season by giving him a 
three-year contract. Terms were not 
disclosed when the contract was 
announced on Wednesday. (AP) 

Spanish Strike Stopped 

soccer Spanish administrators 
headed off a strike by players 
Wednesday by agreeing to negotiate 
the reduction of foreign players. 

Three days before the season's 
opening, the Spanish Soccer 
League and the Federation of Span- 
ish Soccer signed an accord with 
players promising to discuss how 
many foreigners are allowed per 
team. Players called off a planned 
strike in support of their call for a 
cut in the number of non-European 
Union players on a team. 

Spanish clubs can sign six play- 
ers from outside theEU and Field as 
many as four. (AP) 

Fakes Win by Losing 

soccer A team passing itself 
off as a top Brazilian dub has 
duped at least three Spanish clubs 
into paying it for exhibition 

The squad used the name of 
Botafogo de Paraiba but has not a 
single player or official from the 
real Botafogo club, the Paraiba 
Football Federation said. 

The pirate team is estimated to 
have earned 1 million pesetas 
($6,500) from each of its three ex- 
hibition matches. It lost by 2-0 to 
Albacete of the second division, and 
by 6-0 to Salamanca of the premier 
division. Finally, it lost, 2-0, to Log- 
rones of the third division Sunday. 

“They looked a bit flimsy, ad- 
mittedly, but we didn’t imagine 
them to be impostors, " said Carlos 
Sanchez Regidor, spokesman for 
Salamanca. He said the club had 
arranged the game through an 

Jose Manuel Fernandez, the 
Logrones manager, said the issue 
did not bother him as his club bad 
been looking for an easy game any- 
way. (AP) 


Agassi Rallies to Win 
Battle of Stragglers 

By Robin Finn 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — - On the hot seat for 
skipping the U.S. Open’s dedication 
ceremony inside Arthur Ashe Stadium, 
Andre Agassi showed up right on sched- 
ule the next night and graced the new 
stadium with his pink presence. 

He wore a peachy shirt, a hue not 
often associated with your typical male 
superstar, but then again, Agassi is noth- 
ing if not atypical. That is why he is. 

U.S. OpinTinnis 

hardly two years after a lengthy flir- 
tation with the No. 1 ranking, scram- 
bling through 1997 with a journeyman's 
ranking of 63d and nary a title to his 

That is why he came into his first- 
round match on Tuesday against 1 30th- 
ranked Steve Campbell, a wild card, 
without a swagger: he recognized a fel- 
low straggler. 

“You can’t really expect to just run 
over anybody," said Agassi, who did 
steamroll Campbell, in the first two sets 
but wound up exerting himself for four 
sets in order to advance by 6- 1. 6-1, 4-6, 

“2 was running him to death and the 
next thing you know he’s up a break and 
looking to win the third," Agassi said. 
"He realized ‘If I don’t take my 
chances, the inevitable’s going to hap- 
pen,' so he started taking some 

But Agassi reasserted himself in the 
fourth set 

Once again. Campbell was on the run 
and Agassi, with his wife, Brooke 
Shields, supplying motivational histri- 
onics from the Friends* Box, was dic- 
tating from the baseline. 

Agassi said the match was never in 
doubt: “If I looked that way, I was 
misrepresenting my feelings entirely." 
And ne said that the memory of 1994, 
when he was unseeded but won the 
championship, was sufficient reminder 
that the U.S. Open can be his stage. 

It was, though, a friendly fight: 

Campbell wore a grin while he was 
absorbing a shellacking in the opening 
sets, and Agassi gave him a post-match 
slap on the back and complimented him 
for hanging in and turning a rout into a 
spectator sport 

They both wore a hoop earring, they 
are both on the wrong side of 25 and thus 

old by tennis s tandar ds and they have 

both been in funks they would like to 
escape: Campbell has thought ab our 
quitting and Agassi has periodically 
been told he ought to. 

But since only one could escape from 
this encounter with his 1997 Open eli- 
gibility intact, Agassi made sure most 
similarities ended once the first ball was 

Agassi trotted through the opening 
set Cke an overcranked windup toy, 
hardly allowing Campbell to touch the 
hall , and he attacked die second set the 
same way. He was definitely in a hurry 
to get opening night over with. 

The crowd, sensing that Campbell 
was willing to let himself be sacrificed 
in straight sets, did not get into the act 
until midway through the third set, when 
the underdog began to catch on to 
Agassi's warp speed playmaking. 

And when the spectators decided to 
egg Campbell on, Agassi lost a little of 
his resolve: when he netted a forehand 
to trail, 3-4. a chant started to echo 
through the stadium. “Let's go Sreve! 
Let’s go Steve! " they shouted. And for 
a while Agassi let him go. 

Agassi said he was aware that some 
of the crowd's hostility toward him 
might have been generated by the bad 
impression he made by skipping the 
ceremony on Monday night “1 can 
certainly understand why: I mean, I 
wasn’t there," he said. 

And he was a little foggy on his excuse 
for being absent from the parade of cham- 
pions. Not usually a guy who flounders 
with his syntax, he blamed his failure to 
attend on “a situation that arised." 

Asked to elaborate, he refused. 

In other matches. Gustavo Kueneo. 
the French Open champion, received no 
respect from Geoff Grant, a 27-year-old 
American qualifier who once scurried 

Marik LrnpkhanfTh>‘ A^mtslnl 

Lisa Raymond losing to Magdalena Maleeva of Bulgaria, 3-6, 6-2, 6-4. 

into a modeling career until be decided got chills." said Capriati, 21. “I don't 
that te nnis was more fun. think I'm 100 percent of where I was 

Kuerten, who was a nobody at this when I was at the top of my game." she 
time last year, and Grant, who is still a said. “T think I lacked in fitness and 
nobody this year, tangled for 2 hours 55 stamina, and that adds to not ha ving a lot 
minutes and had the crowd roaring its of confidence, but I'm going to keep 
approval for both long-haired contest- trying io get my game back.” Capriati 
ants. was a 15-year-old Open semifuiaust in 

Kuerten, the Johnny-come-lately of 1991 when the Louis Armstrong Court 
Brazilian heroes (even Pele faxes him was the main court at the U.S. Open, 
these days), prides himself on his flex- Carlos Mova of Spain, the No. 8 seed, 
ibiiity. Tuesday he used it, and 20 aces, was humbled by 64-th-ranked Guil- 
to extract himself from a two- sets- to- laume Raoux or France. Sore-armed 
one deficit and keep his Open debut after reaching two finals in the last two 
afloat with a 6-4, 3-6, 6-7 (4-7 ). 6-2. 6-3 weeks. Moya did not put up much of a 
victory. struggle and succumbed. 6-4. 7-6 (7-2). 

Jennifer Capriati, the self-described 6-2. 
former phenom. returned to the decay- Albert Costa, Moya's countryman 
ing Lou is .Armstrong Court, scene of her who was seeded 16th. also fell by the 
best and worst U.S. Open memories, wayside in straight sets in his Open 
and struggled in vain to make a srand opener and. again, the culprit was a 
against Conehita Martinez of Spain, die French veteran: Costa’s 6-2. 6-4, 6-4 
No. 7 seed. Martinez outgunned Capri- loss to Amaud Boetsch trimmed the 
ati,6-1.6-2. ~ number of seeded Spaniards to three 

“I felt great being out there; I mean. I from five. 


Takes the 
Long Route 
To 2d Round 

The. Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The Spaniards Sergi 
Bruguera and Alberto Berasalegui fol- 
lowed similar U.S. Open scripts 
Wednesday — with different results. 

Bruguera, seeded No. 7, dropped the 
first two sets at the new Arthur Ashe 
Stadium before rallying to beat a qual- 
ifier, Michael Tebbutt of Australia, 3-6, 
4-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-2. 

Berasalegui won the first two sets 
before losing to another Australian, 
Wayne Ferreira, 6-7 (0-7), 2-6, 6-3, 6-1, 

Tebbutt can be excused if he skips 
Spain on his next European tour. He had 
a 2-0 lead in sets over Javier Sanchez of 
Spain in a first-round match at Wimble- 
don before losing, 14-12, in the fifth set 

Bruguera’ s career has been hampered 
by a string of injuries since he won the 
French Open in 1993 and ’94. He went 
from No. 3 in the world to No. 81 before 
rebounding this year. 

Tebbutt. a left-hander who had to 
battle his way through qualifying to 
reach the main draw, used his big serve 
to control the points in pounding out a 2- 
0 lead in sets. But his serving percentage 
collapsed from 61 percent in the second 
set to only 42 percent in the third as 
Bruguera began a comeback with £ds 
precise groundstrokes. 

In another match, Kenneth Carlsen of 
Denmark beat Tuomas Ketola of Fin- 
land, 6-2, 6-3, 6-1. 

In women’s second-round matches, 
Ante Huber of Germany, seeded Np. 8, 
beat Janet Lee of the United States, 6-2, 
6-1. J oann ette Kruger, a South African, 
stopped Henrieta Nagyova of Slovakia," 
64, 7-6 (7-4). Flora Perfetti of Italy beat: 
Sarah Pitkowski of France, 6-4, 3-6, 6- 
3. Natasha Zvereva of Belarus beat Ja- 
pan’s Naoko Sawamatsu, 64, 3-6, 6-3, 
and Tamarine Tanasugarn of Thailand 
beat Maria Alejandro Verito of 
Venezuela, 64,6-3.. . 

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Russian Champion Is Checked by Slovaks 

Caffd/dtp Our Suff Firm Dapndta 

Spartak Moscow failed to convert 90 minutes of 
pressure into a goal Wednesday, and the scoreless 
draw was enough to send Kosice of Slovakia into 
the European Champions’ League for the first time 
2-1 on aggregate. 

The Russian team attacked throughout but its 
strikers Dmitri Alenichev and Robson, a Brazilian, 
could not find their way through the packed Slovak 

The Kosice goalkeeper. Ladislav Molnar, was 
rarely stretched, though only the woodwork saved 
him during a desperate Spartak onslaught five 
minutes from time. 

Spartak, like all Wednesday's losers, will now 
go into the first round of the less-prestigious UEFA 

In Kiev, Soren Colding scored in the 19th 
minute to give Brondby hope of overturning a 4-2 
first-leg deficit against Dynamo Kiev. But on a 
rainswept night in Ukraine, the Danish champion 
could not score again and Dynamo advanced to the 
Champions' League 4-3 on aggregate. 

Colding rifled home a shoe after a corner during 
a rare period of Brondby pressure in the first half. 

The biggest cheer of the night went to the news 
that Dynamo’s old Soviet rivals, Spartak Moscow, 
had been knocked out. 

In Istanbul, Adrian flie, a Romanian striker, 
scored a hat trick as Galatasaray of Turkey re- 
peated its 4-1 first leg victory against Sion of 
Switzerland to advance 8-2 on aggregate. 

In Georgia, Dynamo Tbilisi beat Beyer 
Leverkusen 1-0 but was still eliminated. It lost the 
first leg in Germany 6-0. David Mudzhiri scored 
the only goal with a searing shot from a free kick 
after 1 1 minutes. 

In Belarus, MPKC Mozyr regained some pride 
even as it was eliminated. It drew 2-2 with 
Olympiakos Piraeus after losing 5-0 two weeks 
ago in Greece. 

uefa cup Craig Burley and Morten Wieghorst 
scored two goals in the last three minutes as Celtic 

European Soccer 

scrambled into the first round of the UEFA Cup 
after a see-sawing 6-3 victory over Tirol Innsbruck 
and a total score of 7-5 over the two legs. 

The Scottish team, trailing 2-1 from the first 
match, led 2-0 and then 4-2 but with eight minutes 
to play, Gumot Krinner, a substitute scored for 
Tirol putting it level on aggregate and ahead in 
away goals, the tiebreaker. With two minutes left 
Burley scored to put Celtic ahead and Wieghorst 
clinched victory in the final seconds. 

The Swiss dub Neuchatel Xaraax took a 3-0 
lead on die road and reached the first round despite 
losing 2-1 at Norway’s Viking Stavanger. 

Croatia's Hajduk Split, a team likely to pose a 
threat in the competition, beat Malino 2-0 in 
Sweden to complete a 5-2 overall triumph. 

Hami scored with nine minutes to play to give 
the Turkish club Trabzonspor a 2-1 aggregate 

victory over Dundee United in Scotland. Trailing 
1-0 after the first leg. the Scots leveled with a 
header by Andy McLaren but Hami’s brilliant solo 
effort gave the Turks overall victory. 

intertoto cup France became the first coun- 
try to have 10 teams in European competitions in 
the same season when Lyon. Auxerre and Bastia 

? |ualified for the UEFA Cup first round via the 
ntertoto Cup, a summer competition. 

Lyon bear compatriots Montpellier 4-2 on ag- 
gregate while Auxerre overcame Germany's Duis- 
burg 2-0 and Bastia beat Haimstadt of Sweden 
after extra time. 

Nine of the French first division’s 18 teams, plus 
Nice, which won the French Cup last season but 
was demoted, will take part in the three European 
competitions this season. 

Auxerre, who gained a goalless draw at Duis- 
burg two weeks ago. went ahead one minute before 
the hour when striker Bernard Diomede netted a 
tremendous free-kick. CyriJle Jeunechamps scored 
a second with seven minutes to go. 

Montpellier finished with nine men against Ly- 
on. Striker Ibrahma Bakavoko was sent off and 
defender Laurent Robert left the pitch on a stretch- 
er because of an injury after Montpellier had made 
its three permitted substitutions. Lyon, which was 
trailing 2-1, scored twice in the final 10 minutes to 

Bastia which beat Haimstadt 1 -0 in the first leg. Audrey Gusin of Dynamo Kiev heading the 
was forced to extra time by the Swedish side before ball while a teammate, Oleg Luzhny, right, 
Ousmane Soumah scored m the 11 3th minute. distracts Thomas Torgesen of Brondby. 

Plea Bargain 




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Majoh League Stamhmcs 











New Yorti 






























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Kansas City 













































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31 ’A 











St. Louis 
















Las Angela 





San FrancriKD 73 
















New York 


081 620-18 22 2 



010 001—2 

7 3 

Prtrtfc, BoeMnger in. Lloyd m ate 
Giitadv Posada <B); OquM. Cream (51 
WttKKrt 15), 0- Johnson (7), A. Small (8), 
M Wrier {9) omtCo-WMams. W— Pettittn, 15- 
7. L— Oqufct 7-4. HRs — New Yotfc 
TJIrtaitnez Mil Curtts n3). 

Kanos CUy 300 100 0B1-5 9 0 

Baltimore 000 400 000-4 4 1 

PuscH Pietwnto 171, WWsenant Ml, J. 
Montgomery P) and Mi_swwney: Kay, Mills 
<71. A. Bemtoz [91 and Holies. 
W— Whisenant 1-0. L— A, Benitez, 3-4, 
So— J. Montgomery nt». HRs — Kansas CBk 
J.B efl (30). C Davis (26). BaMmare, 
ByJVn demon (lb). 

Detroit ho on no -2 i a 

Minnesota 2M 000 ISx-S It 0 

Ju-Thompson, GaiKanl (8), M, Myers (9) 
and Waited;- Robertson. Guardado <fi), 
Trombley (8) ond D. Miller. W— Robertson. B- 

11. L— Thompson, n-10. Sv— Trombley d). 
Chicago 311 002 801-fl 17 0 

Tomato 101 100 011—6 9 2 

Baldwin, J. Darwin (B). McElroy fB), 
Karchner (9) and Fabtegas; W.WDItams, 
Janzen (4), Plesoc (8), Crabtree (9) and B. 
Santiago, w— Baldwin, 10-11 L^-W. 

Wirnams. 7-12. Sv— Karchner 00). 
HRs — Chicago, F. Thomas (30). Toronto, 
Sprague (14). 

Boston 000 m 000-1 7 0 

Seattle 210 DM mx— 8 14 a 

Avery, Brandenburg (6), Hudson (B) and 
Hafleterg,- Moyerand DolWHsod. W— Moyer, 
14-4. L— Avery, 4-5. HRs — Boston. Oleary 
(12). Seattle, RKeUjr (7). 

Tran 000 240 400 000—10 19 3 

MOwookoa 300 032 200 Ml— 11 30 1 

Santana Moody IS), Bates (6), Whiteside 
(7). Wettdand 00), Everegerd (121 and I. 
Rodriguez; Eld red, A. Reyes (5), Wkfcnan 
(7), Davb (8), Fetters (0), DoJonesOUand 
Levis. W— Do Jones, 5-5. L — EvefBffefti, 0-1. 
HR — Texas, Ju.Gotaafez (32). 

Oewiand 020 0M 100-7 7 1 

AMbetn 001 302 101-0 11 2 

Nagy, Jaeame (7). M. Jackson (7), 
Assenmadttr (8), Plunk (9) and S-Alomas 
D -Springer, HaHz (7). Janies (81, Da May (9) 
and Kreirter. W— DaMay 1-1. L— Ptunk 4-4. 
HRs— Cleveland, Justice (29), Grissom (B). 
Anaheim. Erstod (13). Salman (24), G. 
Anderson (7). 


San Diego 200 000 000-2 7 0 

PMMiRWa 300 000 lfe-4 9 0 

Hitchcock. ILWarnB (71 and C 

Hernandez; MLGrooe, Sprotfiin (0), Battaflco 
(9) and ueterthaL W— MLGtacc, l-a 
L— HRcheock, 74. Sv-Brttanca OS). 

Las Aegetos 400 000 002-6 13 1 

Pittsburg* 100 000 300-4 4 1 

Pork. Hot) (7). Rodins ky [7], Dredwf f» 
and Ptaaaj SBva Rbmn (81, LobeUe (9) and 
Kendafl. W-Dretfoa 5-1. L— RJnran. 4.7. 
HR— Pittsburgh. A. Martin DO). 
SanFrencbco 001 003 020-6 S 1 

Now York 100 000 010-2 10 0 

Alvarez. D. Henry (7). Porte (7). Tavarez 
18), Bock (9) and Bjohnsorv RJleeA 
Handset) (7), Y. Perez (H), LkUe (09 and 
Hundley. W— Alvarez, 3.1.1^— R. Reed. 104L 
HR— San Frandsca Snow Qi). 

Florida 201 001 223-11 17 1 

□beam 000 000 000—0 4 l 

UHcmandez, Foil (7), Cook (9) and C 
Johnsm Batista OJIcwm (7), Bottenfletd 
m, R. Tali* (0) and Houston. W— L 
Hemandaz, BO. L— BafisW, 0 - 2 . 
HRs— Florida Sheffield CIS], Akw (18), 
conlnej fifl. 

Monfnui 000 000 151—7 t 2 

SLUMis 113 000 B0O~S 12 1 

Mi Johnson. Bennett U), M- Voktes (6), 
Tenant (8). Urbina (B) and widger, Fletcher 
(B); Osborne, C King (8). Eckmley (8), 
Fossas (9), Frnscotore (9) and Difefica 
W-M. Valdes. 4-3. L—Ecterslcv, oj. 
Sv— Urbina 02). HR-Morrt. R. While Cl). 

Hoastaa 000 002 220 00-4 13 2 

Atlanta 00S 100 000 01—7 9 t 

Reynolds. Lima (5), Magnante (6), Hudek 
18). T. Martin (9). B -Wagner (10) and 
Avstnusi davina Crther (7). Embree (7). C 
Fox (0). Wohlers (9), Qarrtz (10) and J. 
Lopez. W— Clontz, 5-1 . L— B. Wag net 7-4. 
HRs — Houston. Bigg 10 09). Atlanta J. 
Lopez CO), Grafiatrino W. 

Chxtaatl VD 000 000-5 10 O 

Crtorada 030 m 04x — » 10 1 

Carrara Graves 16), P. AJAartmez (7)> 

Suffiwn (8) and J.Qliver, Taubensee t7)r 
fLBafley, 5. Reed IT), DeJean I®. Dlpoto (9) 
and Je-Reed. W— DeJean x-0. L— P. 
AJAarfinez 1-1. HRs-Ondnnati, Nunnaffy 
(A), EduArtez 04, R. Sanders 08). 
Colamda Bichette (2D. CasflHa 2 (35). 
Je.Reed (ID- 


G AB R H Avg. 

FThOOtaaChW 116 422 92 149 J53 

Justice Cte 106 376 47 128 JA) 

Greer Tex 129 494 89 162 .328 

Ramirez Qe 120 442 78 144 326 

WCtarkTex 110 393 56 128 J26 

BeWNams NYY 100 394 8S 128 .325 

M Vaughn Bos 112 X21 77 137 ^25 

SAJamarOe 103 375 J1 122 J25 

E Martinez Sea 132 464 91 151 -325 

OlAcay Bos 11B 399 54 129 523 

RUNS— Gercioporra Boston. 105; Griffey 
Jr. Seattia 99; Jeter, New York. 97; 
Knoblauch, Minnesota 97; F. Thomas, 
Chicago, 9£ B. LHrmtar, DetreB, 91; 
EMorthKl, Seattle. 91. 

RBI— T. Martinez. New Yrtk, 124 Griffey 
Jr. Seattle, 12ft Salman. Anaheim, 107; F. 
Thomas, Ctricaga 104 JuGonzalez. TewE, 
104 a 9W&, New York. 1 ta ToOnik. Detroit. 
98; Brtle. Ctricaga 98. 

HITS— Gardai xsra. Boston. 174 Greer. 
Tana Jnvakmfla Boston. 16ft Jetor. 
New York, 159; l. Rodriguez, Tbbh 156; 
Griffey Jr. Seattle. 154 G- Anderson, 
Anaheim, 153. 

DOUBLE5-JhVrtenthb Boston, 42; 
Orffia MPirauluja 37.- Cara Seattle. 37; A. 
Rodriguez, Seattle, 34 a iJefliKew York. 3& 
Gaietoparra Bastoa 3* BeBe. Chicoga 34. 

TRIPLES — Goraaparra Boston 1ft 
Knoblavch, Minnesota, ft Daman Kansas 
CBy, 7i Jeted New York, 7) Bumttz, 
Aiswuutcn 7; AXcea. Anaheim. 7; Oflearon. 
Kansas Chy, de Grissom. Oewiand. & 
Vlzqvet Oewian d (c ByAndenon 
Battalions 6. 

HOME RUNS— Griffey j r , Seattle, 43; T. 
Martinez, New York, 41; Thame, Oewiand 
3d- McGwire Oakland 34,- JoGwboI ez. 
Tern, 32; Buhner, 5aatBe. 3!.* F. Thomas. 
QlicQQOi 30. 

STOLEN BASES-B. UHunier, DefroU. 62; 
Knoblauch, Minnesota $1; Nixon, Toronto, 
47; T Goodwin, Texas. 42; VtzqueL Gcwtand 
3& Durham, Orrcopa 29; A. Rorirajuao 
Seattle, 26. 

PITCHING (IS Decision*) — Clemens. 
Toronto. 2D-4 -833, lAft R_ aJohnsan 
Seattle, 17^. Alft2J2; Moyer. Seattto. ]4-4. 
J7& 4.1ft Erickson Baltimore, 15-5, 75ft 
338; Dickson Anaheim. 13-5, .722. 171 
Mussina Baltimore, 13-5, .722 12ft Rarfte, 
Minnesota 1 7-7, .70& 355. 

STRIKEOUTS— RaJohnson Seaffte, 264,- 
Oemens, Toronta 23ft Conn New York. 21 ft- 
Mussina Battanore. 17ft Appier. Kansas 
aty. 15ft Fassera Seam 154- CFhiley. 
Anaheim 155. 

SAVES— RaMye/S, Baltimore. 4ft M. 
Rivera New York, 39; D atones. Milwaukee. 
2ft R. Hernandez. Chlcaga 27; Wettekmd. 
Tends. 27; T. ojonas. Detroit 24: Perdvol 
Anaheim. 21; Toyton Oakland 71; Slocumb, 


G AB R H Avg. 
GwymSD 123 490 74 187 382 

LWafcerCol 127 472 114 1 77 ^75 

PtoznLA 123 44Z 79 15A J153 

Lofton AH » 388 73 136 an 

Joyner SD 108 373 SO 124 231 

Adonzo NYM 120 403 63 131 22S 

MoGroce ChC 122 447 64 141 Jis 

Bln user Alt 125 431 76 135 313 

Mondesi LA 131 508 81 158 All 

SegulMon 101 367 60 114 an 

Bigale Hou 131 515119 i«o an 
RUNS— Big mo. Houston lift L Welker, 
Colamda 114; Banda 5 an Francisco. 94; 
Galairaga Cotaroda 92. BagweiL Houston, 
09; E. tVoang. Los Angeles. B7; Mondesi 
La* Angeles. 81. 

RBI— Galarraga Crtorada BogvaU. 

Houston I Oft L Watt or, Crtorada 102 
Gwynn. San Diego. iai- Sosa CWcoga ioi; 
CbJanas. Atlanta 9ft Kent San Francisca 
9ft BWwtK Crtorada 99. 

HITS-Gwynn San Diego. 187: L Walker. 
Catarada 177; Bi«ia Houston 16ft 
Mondesi Los Angaks. 15& PWlckl Las 
Angeles. 156; CasWta. Colorado, is* 
Womack, Pfttsburgll. 152; Crtanuga 
Cotaroda 152. 

DOUBLES— GrudzIcloiwV, Montreal 4£ 
Gwyno, San Diega 39; L Walker. Crtorada. 
38; Lowing, Montreal 3& Moraretmi 
PhiladrtphkL 3ft CtUones. Atianta 34- 
BoniTla Florida 34 

TRIPUeS — DeSWelds. Si. Louis. 11; W. 
Guerrero, Los Angetes. 9! Womack. 
Pinsbunih, ft Rondo, PBts&uign, ft Daultan 
Ftarfda ft Tucker, Aflonfa, 7, Cc Young. Las 
Angeles. 7; A. Martin. Pittsburgh. 7; D. 
Sanders. Cincinnati 7. 

HOME RUNS— L Walker, Crtorada 37; 
CastSto, Crtorada 3ft BagweiL Houston, 34 
Gatanoga Cotaroda 33; Bands Son 
Frandsca 3ft Piazza Lo* Angeles. 29; Soto. 
Origoga 29. 

STOLEN BASES— O- Sanders. Cinanrwtt 
5ft Womack, PDtsburgh, 4ft D. e5 Molds, si 
Louia 44EeYoung. Las Angeles. 36. Biggto. 
Houston 3ft 0. Venn San Diega 2ft 
Henderson Son DfeflA 19. 

PITCHING (II DedstonMieogle. 

Aflatria 17-1 .851 2 B1 Kile. Houston. 17-3, 
■85a 121 G. Maddux, Altarrta 17-1 ^50, 
239; Estes, San Francbca 1 7-4 .810. 108. P. 
JMnrtjncz, Mortreol 15-4 .7)4, 1.6); Judea 
Montreal 1 1 -5, 4-87, 421- Park. Los Anqelcs. 
13-4 484,3.12 

STRIKEOUTS— Schilling, Philadelphia 
254; P. J Martinez, Montreal 245; Smoltz. 
Atlanta. IPS; Noma Los. Angeles, ioi- jr. 
JBrawn. Fkwrda 174 Wle. Houston. 148; 
AnBcncfs. ST. Louis. 162. 

SAVES- Beck. San Francisca 34 
ToWorrrtl Los Angetos, 33; J. aFrancn. (few 
YOrk. 32; Nea Florida 3T; Wohlers. A/tania 
31; Hoffman. San Diega 3D: Eckerslcy. SI. 
Louts. X. 

Japanese Leagues 



























































1 0 

Nippon Ham 
























womsows uutn 
Yakirtt X Yomiwi 2 
Yokohama 6, Chunkhl 0 
HtroshlrooR HaasMn2 

Seibu 1 1, Nippon Ham 4 
Kintetsu 4, Orta 2 
LatteXDrtei 1. 



Lyon 1 Mantprtlier 2 
(. van won s?an aggregate 
Bastia i, Haimstad 1 
Bastia won 2-1 on aggregoto 
Auxerre 2, Duisburg 0 
Auxerre won 2-0 on aggregate 
um cup 

Dundee United 1, Trabzonspor T 
Trabzonspor won 2-1 on aggregate 
VtWrtq Stavanger. Z Neuchatel Xqmox, I 
Ncucftaiet Xamax won 4-2 an ogqre«zoto 
AAabna 0 Hatful Split 2 
Hrtduk Spill won 5-J on oggreoatc 
Ferencvoros. ft Hefelngborgs. I 

Fcrcncvarw won * 3 on penaltcis 
Club Bruges 3, HIT Ganca 0 
Club Bruges irron 8-J on aquragafe 
Bronn Bergen 1 Grasshopper Zurich. 0 
Grasshopper Zurich won 3-2 an aggregate 
Celtic, ft Tirol Innsbruck, 3 
Celtic wan 7-3 an aggregate 
OF I Cieto. 3. kR Reykjavik. 1 
Sparta) Moscow 0. Kosice 0 
r.asicc wan 2-1 on aggregate 
PKC Mozyr 2 Ofympkttas Piraeus 2 
Olympiakos won 7-2 on aggregate 
Dynamo Tbilisi 1. Bayer Leverkusen 0 
Bayer Leverkusen wan 6-2 on aggregate 
Dynamo Kiev a Brondby 1 
Dynamo Kiev won 4-3 on aggregate 
Galofasaray 4, Sion I 
Gaktlasoray won 8-2 on aggregate 
Leeds a Liverpool 2 

standings: Blackburn KL Arsenal 7, 
Manchester United 7, Leicester 7 Crystal 
Pataca n. Newcastle*, West Ham 6. Liverpool 
5; Ballon 4. Coventry 4. Loo*. 4; C Ik baa 3, 
Evertan 3. Toftonhom 3. Bcmsley 3; Wlm- 
bfedon 1 Sheffield Wednesday 1; Derby 0. 
Soulhamnton a Aston vnio 0. 

U.S. Open 

WHEW von* 




Amando C ocher {51. South Atrlca de*. 
Nicole Arendt Gainesville, Fla. 6-3. 6-2; 
Lindsay Davenport 16I. Uj, dot. Lori Me 
Neil Houstaa 6-2. 7^ (7-1 1 
Conehita Morttaez f7i. Spain def Jennifer 
LaortalL U 5. Fla. 6- 1, 4-1 Arantxa Sanchez 
vfcarro (ioi. Spam, dot Kcrry-Anno Guse, 
Australia, ft-2. t-4. 

Brenda Sdiultz-McCarthy 031. Nctaer- 
f 50 Coris50 "' Sweden. 6-7 0-7). 6- 
44-4; Kimberly Po (16), Incline Village, Nov. 
am. tvoMorlincova Czech Pep. 6.4. 6-1. 


second Round 

ronowqom - Thailand, def. 
Maria Atolonara Venla, Venezuela, 6-4. si 
Ftoro Pwtonu (rely de-r. Sarah Pittour.w. 
Franco, 6-d. 6-3 

JMDinrttu Kruger. South Atncg. tier. Men- 
rirta NaqyovtL SlmraHa, 6-4, 7-6 fr.4, Mao- 
Birtrana. def Lk 0 Pgy. 
riwnft Wojrne. Po. 3^, 6-2, 4.4 1 

Natasha Zvencva Belong drt. Naoko 

boaromatou, JODOa 6-4. 4.3. 



Mrehort Chonq Ui. Hehdervxi Nov., dd 

Patrik FredrikSEzm, Sweden 6-3. 6-4 6-2; 
Gutitaume Pnou*. France, Oof. Cortes Moya 

Gustavo Kuerten (9;. Brazil def. Geoff 
Grant. Cambndge. Mass. 6-4 3-ft 6-7 (4.71, 
6-2, 6-ft Amaud Boelsdi France, def. Albert 
Costa D6), Spam, 6-2, v4. 6-4. 


Kenneth Cartsen Denmark, del. Tuomos 
Ketota, Finlaitd, tr-2, v3, 6- 1; Granf Stafford, 
South Africa, del. Emilio Alvarez, Spain. 6-4 
6-1 6-1 

Swgl Bruguera (71. South Africa def. 
Michael Tebbutt, Australia 3-4 4-4 6-3, 6-1 
6-2 Wayne Ferreira South Africa def. Al- 
berto Berasalegui. Spain. 6-7 ID-7), 2-4 60. 6- 
1 . 6-1 

Todd Woadbridge, Australia def. Juan An- 
tonio Maria Spam, 7-4 17-31, 6-3. 4-4 61 
Nicolas Lopenttl Ecuadw, def. Andrei Pavel 
Rorranta, 6-4 S-ft retired. 

Magnus Norman Sweden def. Kara! 
KiriXrtL StavnlJc, 6-7 (5-7), 6-4 fi-2, 4-1- 

Chicago -Waived G Bob Sapp. Signed CB 
Terry Cousin and LB Daryl Carter to practice 

CINCINNATI— Claimed NT Brenhon BucK- 
nergff waivers from Kansas city. Waived NT 

DALIAS-Reieosea LB Alan Compos and 
DL Leonard Pcnfm. 

AA I,K,, XSS -5^9^<S, 0LChris Banks. WR Sir 
Mown WBsun S George CoghiU ond S Cwy 

_ ' 5 rincO DT Marc Spindler. and 

uu^aunp WR «oddmi WR Chns 
Mitior on« DE Marvin TTiomai Waived DE 
Kcrtn Wayurgian 

TE Johnson. 

urrt^ OT Anan John »" rtf 

wrtrere tinm Washington Redstarts p*. 

^ Sianofl qB tomm 

ilMrn^ F Pov N ™'fc WR Jasper 
Strong and G Randy Wheeler. 

PHiiADELPhiA-aoim*} s Mm Sfev _„ 

off waives from Buffalo ona S Blrtne McE l 

tampa 8a f -Waived cb ai Horns and w r 
Brice Hunierand WR Anthony Ladd 

C Hta. E1 . 


ESr ,CdCflw#n ^™-'«: 


ANAHEIM -Put LHP Chudk Finley on is- 
da» disabled fist, retroaeffw to August 19. 
Bought contract of C Angelo Encamadon 
from Vancouver, PCL 
BALTIMORE -Adtoated 2B Roberto AJo- 

marfrom 15-day disabled list Sent RHP Es- 
teban Yan to Rochester, IL Signed RHP Billy 
5nrtt and assigned Mm to Rochester. 

MINNESOTA — Activated SS Pal Means 
from 15-day donated Rst. Optioned 3B Todd 
WoHier to Saif Lake. PCL 
TEXAS -Pul LHP Eric Gunderson on 15- 
doy disabled fist. Bought contract of LHP 
Bryan Everagerd from Oklahoma Cay, AA_ 
TORONTO -Activated RHP Mark Steven 
from 60-day disabled list and outnghfed Mm 
to Dunedin, FSL. 


ATLANTA -Put P Mike Bteleckl on IMay 
d.sabled Usl. Recalled RHP Brad Clontz from 
rHcnmona. IL. 

. R HP Kovi n Foster on 15-day 

disabled list, retroactive to Aug. 17. Readied 
RHP Dave Stevens from Iowa, AA. 

aN ° , l N ATI-Put LHP Kent Metcker on 15- 
day disabled fat. Recalled RHP Demy 
craves from Indlanaprtta AA. 
FUMUaA-Bought contract of RHP Donn 

Poll hwnehartotte.iL. Sent RHP KW (potato 


d(SSSr Pu,3B SeanBw,yon,s ^ 

.y* 4 “eEL«s -Put OF Roger Cedena on 
fS-dav disabled ftsf. Bought contract of OF 
Garey Ingram from San Antonia Tod_ 

11 v t OB,c - 0 P*io n edLHP^ Joe Crawford to 
Recnfl «> |NF JosonHartftketrom 


0F ^ 

on iS-day dtsabfedrislretniocttvetoAuaiB. 

SS? "“2 1 B MiVe Prtwuison From Saanton- 
WiHwa-Borra IL Readied RHP Mike Grace 
rram Sonnkm-Wi Ikes- Bone, IL Put RHP 
Ganett Stephenson an 15-day disabled ter 
Pittsburgh — Recoded RHP Jose Silva 
ftom Crtgary. PCL 

*T. LflUn— Agreed to term with LHP Rich 
AnWel on mlnar-Ieogue contract. Put OF Bri- 
an Jordan on iSday disabled EsL 

n^ t I !! EG ^-? vo,e<1 RHP J*n» Braske 
hwnlMay dtaobted ret.OpKoned OF Ruben 
R/vbto to Lett Vegas, PCL- 

^^?I! a5C0 - Rc «'>«‘ ^ Mo™ 1 Be- 
fwro trom Phoenix, PCL Ophoned OF Jacob 


u*M6Et£S lakeo— A greed to terms 
wilhG-F Rick Fax. 


-TI „£*”**“■ FW1BAU. league 

Edtfie S utter ond efi 
Oonovan croer. Waived LB Lorenzo Styles 

undDEBonryMBchelL ^ 

WLTiMg«-SlBnetl LB Tyrefl Peters. 
WBouNA-Oalmed Fa Kontray Barter 
or| d LB PerceH Gaskins. 

■"tl., , • ■ .. 

i F, . 

I *17 ' . v 

in nnnmn>«nrn*« T**" 

PAGE 3' 



PAGE 19 

" "Ulii. 

^ uk(s H 

1 " -»l R 


^ 49ers Sign 
Sack Leader 
Greene, 35, 

;l e For 6 Years 

The Associated Press 

The San Francisco 49ens, who have 
Iftrl a habit of plugging aging stars into 

Uiy an aging team, have added Kevin 
Greene, the NFL’s 1996 sack leader. 

The 49ers and Greene, cut Sunday by 
•yhe Carolina Panthers, reached agree- 
- s ment Tuesday cm a six-year deal worth 

• $13 million, although only $350,000 of it 
will count against the 49ere' salary cap. 

-I He had also been sought by tire Cin- 
•: ciimati Bengals and Miami Dolphins. 

* T think this now gives you thar spark, 

• added weapon to take on these other 
offenses that have been very productive 
and getting better and better, " the 49ere 
president. Carmen Policy, said. 

“I think we had to do a little 
something extra to deal with the com- 
petition, not only in our division but 
y;T within the NFC. ” 

Greene, who had 14V* sacks last sea- 
son, is 35 and had been seeking to 
; renegotiate a contract with Carolina that 
would have paid him between $1 mil- 
•V.v lion and $1.6 million fh>« season, de- 
■ pending on incentives. 

: -c . If Greene plays out this contract, he 
>.*•?: ^ would be 41 when it ends, an unheard-of 
age for any NFL player but a quar- 
terback or lacker. 

Greene’s agent, Leigh Steinberg, got 
him most of his money up front without 
hurting the team's salary cap situation. 
It contains a $750,000 signing bonus — 
$ 1 25,000 a year prorated over six years 
— and just a $200,000 base salary this 
season plus $550,000 in incentives. 

■ NFL Players Accuse Cardinals 

The NFL Players Association has ac- 
cused the Arizona Cardinals of benching 
former quarterback Boomer Esiason last 
season to avoid $350,000 in incentives, 
according to a newspaper. The Asso- 
ciated Press reported from Phoenix. 

J The Arizona Republic said Tuesday 
that the association had filed a grievance 
against the Cardinals on behalf of 
Esiason, now with the Cincinnati 
\ Bengals. Esiason could have received 
SIOO.OOO if he had passed for 2,300 
yards. He finished with 2^93 yards. 


— ^ :”*j| 

f " ; i 

* * 

* - J 

Plea Bargain 
For Jverson 

-y — 

Washington Pan Service 

■ NEW KENT, Virginia — Allen 
Iverson, the star Philadelphia 76er 
guard, agreed to undergo drug tests 
every month for two years and for- 
feit his ' handgun as pan of a plea 
agreement stemming from his ar- 
rest Aug. 3 on misdemeanor 
marijuana and gun charges. 

If Iverson, 22, complies with all 
the conditions of the agreement, 
which includes 100 boors of com- 
munity service and three years of 
probation, the charges will be dis- 
missed. If he fails to comply, Iver- 
son could be brought back to court 
and sentenced to up to 1 2 months in 
jail or fined $2,500, according to 
L inwood Gregory , New Kent Com- 
monwealth's attorney. 

‘Victory Lap ’ Ended, 
Lewis Looks Ahead 

TtucJ .Vfp / ltauit-lVtv 

Dave Hollins sliding into second in Anaheim on Tuesday, ruining a double play by Cleveland’s Omar Vizquel. 

Braves Catch Astros, 7-6, in 11th 

Lopez Homer Is Decisive After Atlanta Overcomes 6-0 Deficit 

The Associated Press 

Houston learned a big lesson in the 
opener of a possible playoff preview: 
The Atlanta Braves are toughest under 

After wasting a 6-0 lead, the de- 
fending National League champions 
beat the Astros. 7-6. Tuesday on an 
1 3 th -inning homer by Javy Lopez. 

“I swung as hard as I could at the first 
pitch/* Lopez said. “I took a chance 
and the ball was right where 1 like iL I 
took a chance guessing fastball, but I 
went for iL If I missed, I still had two 
swings left.** 

Brad Clontz, recalled earlier in the 
day from Triple- A Richmond, escaped a 
bases -loaded jam in the 1 0th by striking 
out Tony Pena and Billy Spiers. 

Atlanta remained 4ve games ahead of 
second-place Florida in the XL East, 
winning for the fifth time in six games. 
Houston, the NL Central leader, is three 
games ahead of second-place Pittsburgh 
despite losing seven of 1 1 . 

Dodgmrs 6, Pirates 4 Eric Karros 
singled home the go-ahead mn in the 
ninth as visiting Los Angeles won for 
the fifth time in six games and main- 
tained its half-game lead over San Fran- 
cisco in the NL West 

Giants 6, Mets 2 J.T. Snow hit a three- 
run homer and Wilson Alvarez gave up 
six hits in six innings at Shea Stadium, 
sending the Mets to their 12th loss in 17 
games. San Francisco is 8-2 against 
New York, this season. 

Martins 11, Cubs o Livan Hernandez 
(8-0) combined with two relievers on a 
four-hitter and Jeff Corvine homer ed 
twice and drove in five runs as Florida 
won at Wrigley Field. 

Expos 7, Cardinals 5 St Louis, the 

defending NL Central champions con- 
tinued to fade, wasting a 5-0 lead and 
losing at home to Montreal on Rondel] 
White’s three-run homer off Dennis 
Eckeisley with two outs in the eighth. 

Phillies 4, Padras 2 Mike Grace won 
in his first major league appearance 
since May 1996, allowing (two runs and 
six hits in seven innings for the Phillies 

Baseball Roundup 

in Philadelphia. He missed the second 
half of the 1996 season with shoulder 
trouble, then strained his right triceps 
during spring training. 

Rockies 9, Reds i In Denver, Jeff 
Reed hit a three-run homer in the eighth, 
and Vinny Castilla hit his 34th and 35th 
homers for the Rockies. 

In ihc American- League: 

Angels S, Indiana 7 Tim Salmon, who 
earlier hit a home run, won the game 
with a fly ball out in the bottom of the 
ninth. Salmon, who hit his 26th homer 
leading off the sixth, hit a foul down the 
right-field line with ihe score tied 7-7 
and Rickey Henderson at third. 

Jim Thome, the Cleveland first base- 
man, caught it but collided with right 
fielder Manny Ramirez. The ball fell 
loose and Henderson ran home to give 
Anaheim die victory. 

The win kept the Angels two games 
behind Seattle in the AL West and cut 
Cleveland's lead to 2V6 games over Mil- 
waukee in the Central. 

“It was pretty ugly, but a win is 
beautiful right now,” Salmon said. 
“We need breaks right now." 

The Angels got bad news after the 
game when it was announced that 
Chuck Finley, a left-handed pitcher. 

will be out 4-6 weeks with a broken left 
wrist, meaning he will miss the rest of 
the regular season. 

Yankees is. Athletics 2 Tino Mar- 
tinez hit his 4 1 st homer as New York got 
22 hits at Oakland, the Yankees' highest 
total in 1 1 years. 

Joe Girardi and Rey Sanchez had four 
hits each, and Martinez, Benue Wil- 
liams and Tim Raines had three apiece. 
Martinez raised his major league-lead- 
ing RBI total to 124. 

'Royals 5, Orioles 4 Pinch-runner 
Johnny Damon stole two bases in the 
ninth inning and scored on a groundout 
as Kansas City ended a five-game losing 
streak with a victory in Baltimore. 

Brady Anderson hit a grand slam 
homer and Cal Ripken had three hits for 
the Orioles. 

twins 8, Tigers 2 In Minneapolis, 
Rich Robertson won for the first time in 
10 starts since June 14 and Minnesota 
won its second in 16 games. 

Chuck Knoblauch extended his hit- 
ting streak to 18 with a leadoff single, 
and stole his 50th and 51st bases, 
passing Rod Carew ro set a Twins sea- 
son record. 

Whits Sox 8, Blue Jap 5 In Toronto, 
Frank Thomas had three hits and 
reached 30 home runs for the sixth time 
in seven seasons For Chicago. 

Mariners 8, Red sox 2 In Seattle, Jam- 
ie Moyer (14-4) set a career high for 
wins and Roberto Kelly drove in three 
runs as the Mariners beat Boston. 

Nomar Garciapaira stretched his rook- 
ie-record hitting streak to 28 games. 

Brewers it. Rangers 10 In Milwau- 
kee, Fernando Vina singled home the 
winning run in the 12th as the Brewers 
won for the ninth time in 12 games. 

By William Drozdiak 
Washington Post Service 

B ERLIN — When Carl Lewis 
dipped across the line as the win- 
ner in a 100-meter sprint relay, it 
was the final competitive bow at the 
close of the one of the most successful 
careers in track and field history. 

Lewis, who has savored more en- 
cores than Pavarotti, ran his last official 
race by anchoring a “Dream Team” of 
Donovan Bailey, Leroy Burrell and 
Frankie Fredericks to an easy victory in 
38J24 seconds in the meet that marks the 
climax of the European track and field 
summer season. 

Lewis, a nine-time Olympic gold 
m eda li s t, will perform onix more, at 
halftime of a university of Houston 
football game next month, but he in- 
sisted the race Tuesday was his farewell 
to competition. No other athlete in re- 
cent tiroes stood in — and loved — the 
spotlight as much as Lewis. From the 
1984 Olympics in Los Angeles to Seoul 
in 1988 to Barcelona in 1992 to Atlanta 
in 1996, he used the Olympic Games as 
a personal stage. 

And while some fans and competitors 
believed he personified the stereotype 
of the modem, selfish athlete, Lewis 
was unquestionably a world-class star. 

“1 woke up several times in the 
middle of the night and said to myself, T 
can’t believe it,* but this is really foe 
end,'* be said in an interview before the 
race as he relaxed in the VIP tribune of 
Berlin’s Olympic Stadium, where Adolf 
Hitler once fumed as Jesse Owens 
shattered the myth of the Aryan su- 
perman in the 1936 Olympics. 

“I knew this day was inevitable, and 
I have tried to plan for it,” Lewis said. 
“I'm a restless soul, and I know I will 
have to stay busy so I don't fall into the 
trap of getting nostalgic about the glory 
days. But I feel so lucky: I’ve tasted 
ultimate success so I can leave without 
any regrets.” 

Lewis said he felt his competitive 
instincts drain as be stood on the podium 
in Atlanta last year to receive nis last 
gold medal, for winning the long 

“1 actually thought that 1988 was 
going to be my last year, but we kept 
breaking those barriers.” he said. ' ‘After 
Atlanta, I decided to make this season in 
Europe one long and pleasant victory 
lap. and that’s how h has turned oul” 
Lewis excelled in several events — the 
100- and 200- merer sprints, the 4x100 

relay, the long jump. Now. he says, at ase 
36 it feels natural for him to branch out in 
a variety of new fields. He will launch a 
high-ticket line of foimal clothes, pro- 
mote a range of fitness products and 
books, continue to serve as a Nike pitch- 
man and embark on an acting career in 
what he describes as physical comedy. 

“As a kid I loved to watch the Three 
Stooges,” he said. ”1 want to try some 
Jerry Lewis-type routines.” 

“If it works, that’s great," he said. 
“If not, 1 know I can fall back on other 

Lewis says he is aware that many 
athletes have a hard time making the 
transition to middle age. when muscles 
begin to atrophy .joints start to creak and 
an inevitable bulge appears in the waist- 
line. He wants to spend a good deal of 
time concentrating on helping the public 
build fitness through marketing new 
books and exercise programs among foe 
baby-boomer generation. 

"I figure I can apply the lessons of 
my own physical evolution over the 
next 15 to 20 years. It will be interesting 
to see how the body changes. 1 expect to 
produce a new book in each Olympic 
year until I reach the age of 50. 1 really 
believe we can extend the age of fitness 
and wellness far beyond what we see 

L EWIS made a grand entry into the 
stadium Tuesday night, basking 
in regal splendor to the cheers of a 
standing ovation as two chauffeur-driv- 
en Mercedes sports cars squired him and 
fellow retiree Linford Christie around 
the track. A 11 that was missing was a 
flourish of trumpets and a hailstorm of 
ticker tape. 

But he has made few friends over the 
years with the sport’s ruling potentates. 
He departs having made harsh criticism 
of the alleged callous mismanagement 
of the spon, which he believes has lost 
much or its credibility w ith the public. 

Lewis said he was struck by a survey 
somebody showed him recently that lis- 
ted the five most popular track and field 
performers. The elite group included 
Christie: Sergei Bubka, the Ukrainian 
pole vauller: Merlene One)*, a Jamaican 
sprinter Jackie Joyner Kersee, the 
American hepiathlete and long jump 
champion, ana himself. 

“Not one of us is under 30 years of 
age,” he said. “If the public does not 
care much for the younger stars, that in 
itself should tell you that the future of 
track and field is in serious trouble.'* 

Km Mi.. Ik i/R. ■ 

Carl Lewis, right, with Leroy Burrell after their relay victory in Berlin. 



PAGE 20 



Get Him Some Guests 

James Salter^ Between and Behind the Lines 




YARD, Massachusetts 
— It had to happen sooner or 

The Joint Chiefs of Staff 
were called up from Wash- 
ington and met the president 

By David Streitfeld 

Washing ton Post Service 

York — For decades James 
Salter dismissed his life in the air, 
acted as if his 12 years as a wanior 
happened to someone else. When 
the conversation at a dinner party 
turned to college, he danced around 
the fact that he went to West Point 
He never attended any reunions of 
his Korean War fighter wing. He 
refused to let the novel he wrote 
about the conflict be reissued. He 
changed his name. 

Only now has Salter — born 
James Horowitz in 1925 — re- 
claimed that era. Last month, ‘‘The 
Hunters” was finally reprinted by 
Counterpoint Press. It's the best 
war novel you’ve never heard of, a 
trim tale that addresses classic 
questions: What is honor? In the 
greatest test of your life, how will 
you measure up? What if you’re 
doing something to the veiy best of 

later. Hie president ran out of in his boathouse. 

guests to entertain on Mar- 
tha’s Vineyard. He had been 
warned by the 
CIA that this 
could possibly 

In the war 
room at the 
White House, a 
briefing officer 
said. “Sir. 

Martha's Vine- Buchwald 
yard does not 
have a large enough popu- 
lation to support a three-week 
presidential vacation. We es- 
timate you’ll use np all your 
dinner guests in the first two 

The president said, “You 
guys are always trying to ruin 
my vacation. As commander- 
in-chief I say, ‘Damn the 
shortage of guests, and full 
steam ahead.”' 

For once, the CIA was cor- 
rect. Every man, woman and 
child had been invited to a 
presidential event, and with 
school starting, there was no 
one left to break bread with 
the president. 

“I have a week to go, and 
there’s no one left on the 
Vineyard I haven't enter- 
tained,” the president said. 

The chief of naval oper- 
ations said, “The aircraft car- 
rier Nimitz is heading this 
way. We’re going to bring 
over everyone from Nantuck- 
et We checked the Nantucket 
people — they are good con- 
versationalists, and many are 
closet Democrats. ’’ 

Using a pointer, the air 
force general said, “We can 
deliver 2,000 golfers and Bar- 
bra Streisand by air.” 

U.S. Outlaw’s Gun 
Fetches $211,500 


collector has paid S21 1,500 
for a Smith & Wesson re- 
volver taken from the famous 
outlaw Cole Younger after he 
robbed a Minnesota bank in 
1876. ihe auctioneers said. 

Younger's nickel-plated 
.44-caliber Model 3 Russian 
single-action revolver had 
ivory grips and an eight-inch 
barrel and was sold with 1 876 
news clippings and photo- 
graphs collected by the local 
sheriff. James Glispin. 

The president was pleased. 
“What will the army 

“Mr. President, we are go- 
ing to have an amphibious op- 
eration from Newport. Every- 
body landing will be a blue- 
blooded guest that you'U be 
very much at home with.” 

As they spoke, a squadron 
of transport planes flew 

“Where are they going?” 

“Hilton Head — ro pick up 
your guest list for the cookoul 

“Does that cover me till 
my vacation is over?” 

"We have a reserve divi- 
sion of polo players in East- 
hampton dying to play on 
Martha’s Vineyard.” 

"I'm not that hot oa polo," 
the president said. “Should I 
invite some of the Vineyard 
people I’ve already entertained 
to come back a second time?” 

“I’m not sure you conld 
get away with it. Most of the 
Vineyard people want to have 
a meal with the president 
once, and then, since they’re 
on vacation, they prefer to 
stay home and read a good 
book instead.” 

your abilities but that isn’t quite 
enoush? If vou can cheat ana no 

enough? If you can cheat ana no 
one will know it, does it make a 

The first review of the reissue, in 
Forbes FYI, bluntly declared: “A 
great American novel.” The 
second, in die Chicago Tribune, 
was a rave that appeared on the front 
page of its book section — highly 
unusual treatment for a 41 -year-old 
novel. But then, admirers of “The 
Hunters” rend to praise it extra- 
vagantly. "The finest work ever to 
appear in print — ever — about 
men who fly and fight,” wrote the 
military historian Robert Doit. 

All of this unsettles Salter a bit. 
For one thing, the works that made 
his reputation as one of the most 
accomplished writers of his gen- 
eration don’t betray a trace of com- 
bat: "Light Years” examines die 
dissolution of a marriage, “Solo 
Faces" is about mountain climbing, 
“A Sport and a Pastime” observes 
an affair between a beautiful French 
girl and a dissolute American youth. 
“I wouldn 't like to be identified as a 
military figure who happened to 
write," the author says. 

There’s a much deeper reluc- 
tance here. His father graduated 
first in his class at West Point. 
Horowitz himself became not only 
an officer but a pilot, and not only a 
pilot but a fighter pilot, and not 
only a fighter pilot but went to war 
and shot down the enemy in Korea. 
It’s all what his father would have 
done, and it’s what Horowitz did. 
But it wasn't the real him. 

When he quit the Air Force he 
was 32 and bad spent almost half 
his life in uniform. On a broiling 
June day in 1957, he went to the 
Pentagon to hand in fa is resignation. 
Later he called his former wing 
commander, who lived in Arling- 
ton. “You idiot,” the man said. 

The novelist and his family were 
in a borrowed apartment with a 
view over the city. Everything that 
meant something to him — the 
Pentagon, Georgetown, flying out 
of Andrews, all be had done in his 
life — was being thrown away for 
the uncertain career of a writer. He 
had published “The Hunters," but 
wasn't sure what or how to write 
next He was miserable but de- 
termined, disobedient at last. 

“Flying was not mine alone." 
he says over lunch. “Writing is. 
Your perceptions, your evalu- 
ations, the course you take when 
you’re writing, what you attempt, 
what you fail — that’s you alone. 
There is no one else around." 

He pauses, adds: “Writing is an- 
other life and another world entirely. 
It’s the entire world. Everything is 
included. Whereas flying in the war 
is only flying in the war. I would 
place a writer, a significant writer, 
above a warrior, obviously.” 

“The Hunters” was published 
under a pseudonym because that 
seemed the expedient thing for a 
military man to do. Later he would 
legally take thai name, Salter, for 
himself and his family. The literary 
life became his own. his real life. ' 

When Salter’s admirers gather, 
they discuss the power of his lu- 
minous prose, his gift for getting 
things exactly right in a phrase or 
two (a favorite: “Movies are essen- 
tially meant to be distractions. It's a 

off "The money, my boy, the 
money." Says Salter. “That's why 
writers generally, in my expert-; 
ence, in America, have- turned- to 
the movies. They say, *Why 7 am .f - 
sitting here? No one’s going to read 
this. But I can get X hundred thou- 
sand dollars for it as a movie, and! 

wfli meet fascinating people whose 
pictures appear in USA Today and 

on "Entertainment. Tonight." 
That’s the life/ ” . 

The life he is living now seems 
pretty sweet, too. On the wall of the 



Sun Honi*/Thc fladringloa PlnJ 

SaJter's reissued war novel “The Hunters" is reaping acclaim. 

very rare movie that has a power to 
console”) and whether he is fated 
to never have a mass audience. 

Then they get down to the nitty- 
gritty. How has he supported him- 
self? He had four children with his 
first wife, a lot of mouths to feed. 

It was Hollywood that saved 
him. "The Hunters” was bought 
for film — it starred Robert Mitch- 
um — which paid $15,000 a year 
for four years. In the late ‘50s, a 
family could live on that. He also 
did things like selling swimming 
pools. Salter was trying to sell a 
poo], in fact, when he met a guy 
named Lane Slate, with whom he 
made a 1 2-minute short film called 
"Team Team Team.” It won a 
prize at the Venice film festivaL 

Salter made other documenta- 
ries, graduated to features, ended 
up directing. As usual with the film 

world, much was attempted, less 
was made, still less is memorable. 
“Downhill Racer," which he 
wrote for Robert Redford, is the 
only one Salter seems proud of. 
‘ ‘The Appointment, ” done for Sid- 
ney Lumet, was an American entry 
at Cannes; unfortunately, die audi- 
ence found it laughable. “Three,” 
with Charlotte Rampling and Sam 
Waterston, was the one he directed; 
it has fans, but Salter is not among 

By the early 1970s, he was out of 
the film world. It had taken him to 
exotic places and opened doors, but 
he came ro feel it was all wasted 
time. In “Burning the Days,” a 
forthcoming volume of recollec- 
tions. he writes about the great 
screenwriter Robert Bolt's admon- 
ition that there w r as one thing a 
screenwriter must never lose sight 

pretty sweet, too. On the wall of the 
house here is a Eramedjotting by 
Oscar Wilde: “It is only shallow 
people who do not judge by ap- 
pearances. The mystery is the ‘vis- 
ible, not the invisible. ’ ’ 

What is visible in this small but 
splendid house near the sea in the 
ultratrendy Hamptons? The trap- 

g ings of a comfortable existence, 
looks line one wall, ait the others. 
There are framed menus commem- 
orating memorable meals. There is 
good wine in the kitchen. Every- 
where, the sun floods in. 

There’s another home in Aspen, 
bo t too much could be made of this. 
“We really lead quite a moderate 
life,” says Kay Eldredge, Salter's 
wife. “Luxurious without money” 
is how she defines It 
“Romantic” would also work. 
“When we decided to have a child 
and I got pregnant.” Eldredge says, 
“he said let's go have the baby In 
Paris, so it can start life there, and 
we can wet its lips with wine." 

They have been a couple since 
the early ’70s, when Salter's first 
marriage broke up. Despite their 
time together, Eldredge sometimes 
finds him as elusive as readers of 
“Burning the Days" surely wilL In 
the memoirs, he mentions his first' 
wife only twice, and then in 
passing; the name Horowitz never. 
He talks about a stint in journalism 
but doesn't say it was for People 
magazine. Even the writing of his 
books — the central act in a writer's 
life — gets only a page or pvo.i 

Into M [ 

, | Vm : ; 

\ H^ th 

if 5 ? 

“Jim is a -very brivate person,’’ 
I dredge says. “He doesn't mind 

Eldredge says. “He doesn't mind 
waiting for a long time, decades 
even, before something surfaces.” 


CUn OnumVAgence Fmx-Acne 

ROLL 'EM — The director Jane Campion, president of the jury for the 
Venice Film Festival, arriving Wednesday at the city’s Cinema Palace. 

T HERE are more ruffled feathers in 
Britain. According to the French 
newspaper Le Monde, which inter- 
viewed her. Princess Diana attacked the 
former government of John Major as 
“hopeless.” referred to the British media 
as “ferocious” and had harsh words for 
the royal family. Le Monde quoted Diana 
as saying that government criticism of 
her trip to Angola this year bad ‘ ‘ruined’ ' 
efforts to publicize her campaign to ban 
land mines. She was also quoted as prais- 
ing the current Labour government of 
Tony Blair, which supports a ban on 
land mines, saying, “It is going to do 
great work. Its predecessor was so hope- 
less.” The Conservative Party accused 
Diana of violating the royal code of 
keeping out of politics. Labour, under- 
standably, was delighted. And then a 
spokesman for Diana denied that she had 
criticized the Conservatives. “The prin- 
cess made no such criticism," said a 
statement issued Wednesday by Kens- 
ington Palace, Diana’s residence. "Her 
stance on the question of land mines has 
been apolitical throughout. Her concerns 
are exclusively humanitarian.' ' 

Kim Basinger has uiged the U.S. 
government to clamp down on the mis- 
treatment of elephants and other an- 
imals in circuses. Speaking in Al- 
buquerque. New Mexico, where an 
elephant was found dead in the trailer of 
a traveling circus this month, the actress 
urged Agriculture Secretary Dan 
Glickman to enforce animal welfare 
laws strictly and punish any circus that 
violates them. “These animals are kept 
in horrific conditions.” she said. 
•‘They’re dragged around cities suffer- 
ing in" the name of entertainment." 

line chats with readers and comparisons 
w ere posted on the Internet 

summer for a potentially fatal infection 4^ 
that caused swelling in the sac around I 
his heart " -• V 

The Irish supergroup U2 sent 36,000 
fans w ild in Belfast in the biggest rock 
concert ever held in Northern Ireland. 

Organizers had just two weeks to set np 
the” sis after the Dublin-based band 

Nora Roberts, a best-selling author 
of romance tales, has filed suit against a 
fellow romance novelist, Janet Dailey, 
who last month acknowledged plagi- 
arizing Roberts’s work. Roberts filed 
the copyright-infringement lawsuit in 
New York. Dailey admits to copying 
Roberts's work in three books, her law- 
yer said, but he added that “not all 
copying constitutes copyright infringe- 
ment.” The plagiarism was discovered 
when Dailey was tripped up during on- 

the gig after the Dublin-based band 
agreed to make an appearance following 
the Irish Republican Army’s recent an- 
nouncement that they were calling a 
fresh cease-fire. The lead singer. Bono, 
who arrived on stage wearing a royal- 
blue boxing robe, called the show “a 
fabulous experience, quite incredible." 

The new front man for Genesis has 
made his debut in Berlin before a crowd 
of 200 European journalists, flown in td 
hear how a little-known singer could 
replace Phil Collins and Peter Gabriel. L . 
Wearing a black velvet shirt and black, . 
jeans, Ray Wilson, 28, performed three . 
of the group’s old songs and a new pbe 
from its album “Calling All Stations,/ 
released this week in Germany. Wilson 
previously sang with the band Stiltsfcui. 

iibrislli if’ * 

Bob Dylan will sing for Pope John 
Paul II next month. Dylan. 56, who has 
just recovered from a serious illness, 
will perform in Bologna at the World 
Eucharistic Congress on Sept. 27. the 
Vatican said. "This will not simply be a 
concert, but an occasion for the Pope to 
meet young people." said Monsignor 
Ernesto Vecchi. The former anti -es- 
tablishment singer was hospitalized this 

The actor Christian Slater, who was 1 
arrested in Los Angeles this month after 
a drunken disturbance, has entered a 
rehabilitation center of his own accord; 
his brother told People magazine. 
Meanwhile, Variety said that Slater was. 
in talks to star in the film “Very Bad 
Things,” about a groom at a bachelor 
party where one of the guests kills a; 
prostitute hired to entertain them. 

W to 

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