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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINi 


The World’s Daily Newspapei 


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Paris, Friday, December 19, 1997 





No. 35,708 


Korean Opposition Leader Wins Narrow Victory 


U.S. Will Keep Its Troops 
In Bosnia Past June Cutoff 

Fear of New War Cited Dutch Seize 2 Croats 
In Decision to Remain To Face War Tribunal 


By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 


WASHINGTON — President BUI Clinton 
announced Thursday that U.S. troops would 
remain in Bosnia beyond the June 1998 dead- 
line that he once declared to be firm, saying that 
otherwise the region faced a threat of renewed 
“violence, chaos” and ultimately war. 

“The people of Bosnia," he said, "still 
need a safety net and a helping hand.*' 

The decision, foreshadowed for weeks by 
administration officials, was revealed three 
days before Mr. Clinton is to travel to Bosnia 
to visit some of the 8,500 U.S. soldiers sta- 
tioned there as part of the 32.000-strong Sta- 
bilization Force led by the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization. 

Mr. Clinton said he hoped that the U.S. 
presence, down from 27,000 last year, would 

Is Clinton peering through rose-colored 
glasses? Analysis, Page 12. 

be further reduced. He declined, however, to 
set a date for the troops' departure, saying that 
it was an error to do so before. 

At the same time, he sought to emphasize 
that the U.S. role would have an end. 

“I don’t think it’s necessary for us to stay 
until everyone wants to go have tea together at 
4 o'clock in the afternoon," he said. 

Facing strong political opposition to such an 
open-ended commitment, the president said he 
had consulted with congressional leaders and 
was pleased by their reaction. Members of 
both parties will accompany him on his trip to 
Bosnia next week.. 

Senator Aden Specter, Republican of 
Pennsylvania, expressed wariness Thursday 
about the extended U.S. mission. * ‘We have to 

See TROOPS, Page 12 


By Chris Hedges 

New York Times Service 


ZAGREB, Croatia — Dutch paratroops and 
marines from the NATO-led peacekeeping 
force in Bosnia detained two Bosnian Croat 
war crimes suspects Thursday, wounding one 
indicted for his involvement in one of the 
worst massacres of the war. 

The detention and swift extradition of the 
men to the International C riminal Tribunal for 
former Yugoslavia in The Hague sparked 
angry protests by ethnic Croats in the central 
■ Bosnian town of Vitez. 

Troops from the NATO-led Stabilization 
Force stopped the crowd from marching to the 
house of one of the men seized. 

NATO’s secretary-general. Javier Solana, 
telephoned the Croatian president. Franjo 
Tudjman, to ask him to thwart any possible 
Bosnian Croat retaliation against peacekeep- 
ing troops. 

. The dramatic nighttime arrests by the Dutch 
troops was the second time peacekeeping 
troops have stalked and caponed Bosnians 
indicted as war c riminals . 

On July 10, in the Bosnian Serb town of 
Prijedor, British SAS special forces shot and 
killed Simo Drijaca, an indicted man who 
resisted arrest, and seized another and trans- 
ported him for trial in The Hague. The July 
arrests led to a spate of retaliatory attacks 
directed at peacekeeping units. 

The Dutch defense minister, Joris Voortao- 
eve, said the special commando team that 
carried out the arrests was flown to central 
Bosnia for the operation and was removed 
from Bosnia immediately afterward. 

The arrests come three days ahead of a visit 
to Bosnia by President Bill CUnton. It follows 
adgry allegations earlier in the week by die 
tribunal’s chief prosecutor, Louise Arbour, 

... JSee CAPTURE, Page 12 . 



tofcpi Ddle/Ifca Anoctucd Pm 

A Dutch soldier in the peacekeeping force standing guard Thursday in. the village of 
Ahrnka as NATO special forces moved into central Bosnia to apprehend the two subjects. 



Kim Dae Jung 
Ends Reign of 
Ruling Party 


By Mary Jordan 

liJsAiniriui Pi‘Sl Service 


Apw Fraacr-Vrrwf 

President-elect Kim Dae Jung smiling and surrounded by supporters before his victory. 

The Korean Economy Is 6 Stuck 9 

Cash Doesn’t Flow and Companies ‘Are Just Firing People’ 


By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New Tori Times Service 


SEOUL — Sitting tiredly in his office, 36 
floors above the streets of Seoul, Kim Yun Ho 
seethed with frustration. 

"The economy is stuck," complained Mr. 
Kim, a trim young man in white shirt and tie, 
surrounded by samples of the pots and pans that 
his company exports. 

"Banks area ’t larding or doing business. It’s 
the same with companies. They're just firing 
people and cutting costs. They've stopped doing 
their business.” Mr. Kim shook his bead and 
added, “The economy just isn't working." 

That is a common complaint, for Seoul today 
offers the remarkable spectacle of a modem, 
industrial economy that seemingly has come 
creaking nearly to a halt Glass-and-steel towers 
still preside grandly over the broad avenues, but 
business itself turns out to be far more fragile 
than the buildings in which it is conducted. 

Above alL the financial crisis in South Korea 


underscores how the essence of modern com- 
merce is confidence, and how computers and 
digital phone lines mean little without it 
In the last few days the situation has stabilized 
a bit with die stock market moving up and a hint 
of confidence creeping back, but the uncertain- 
ties are so great that commerce is still crippled. 

The trade finance system has broken down, 
the credit that businesses depend on for working 

Thai bank chief sees more turmoil. Page 13- 

capital is unavailable, nervousness is so great 
that suppliers are unwilling to let go of their 
goods unless they get cash, and businesses are 
extremely cautious about deals when they do not 
know what exchange rare or costs they are 
committing themselves to. 

AH this could be reversed if confidence re- 
turned, but for now the crisis has ensnared even 

See STUCK, Page 12 


SEOUL — Kim Dae Jung, the dissident voice 
of a generation of pro-democracy crusaders in 
South Korea, was elected president Friday in the 
closest political victory in the country's history. 

When he takes office in February. President- 
elect Kim, 73, will move into the same pres- 
idential Blue House where previous military 
dictators plotted several attempts on his life. 

Mr. Kim’s election marks the first time since 
the nation was founded in 1948 that an op- 
position candidate has won the presidency. 

The state election commission said that with 
98.8 percent of votes counted. Mr. Kim had 40.3 
percent to 38.7 percent for Lee Hoi Chang, the 
candidate of the governing party. A political 
newcomer, Rhee In Je, had 19.2 percent. 

"I solemnly accept the will of the people and 
the result of the election." Mr. Lee said as he 
conceded defeat. "I will cooperate fully with the 
winner.” 

The victory of the National Congress for New 
Politics reflects voter disgust and anger with die 

Kim prevailed after years of strife. Page 4. 

current leadership, which is blamed for the na- 
tion's economic crisis. 

“Finally, there will be a two-party system. 
This is historic," said Kim Geun Tae. a member 
of the National Assembly. 

He said the international community, worried 
about bankruptcies and stock market chaos here, 
should be heartened by the choice. "It will force 
Korean politics to be more transparent and pre- 
dictable." 

Thousands of Mr. Kim's supporters wept, 
danced, and clapped in the streets in his home- 
town in the agrarian province of North Cholia, 
outside his suburban Seoul house and even in the 
busy city streets. The elder statesman who is seen 
as the voice of the poor and common worker is 
idolized by Ins supporters. 

Mr. Kim is seen as a close friend of the United 
States and spent 26 months in exile there. No 
diplomatic changes are expected between the 
two allies and Mr. Kim has affirmed his support 
for the 37,000 U.S. troops stationed here. 

But Mr. Kim is expected to be far more willing 
to engage with the arch-enemy, communist 
North Korea, and many hope that this new face 
will bring some peaceful resolution to the tense 
military standoff between die two countries. 

Some economic analysts had predicted that 
the markets might react badly to Mr. Kim's 
victory. He represents a drastic change in lead- 
ership and is seen as adding political uncertainty 
to economic chaos. He has also promised to 
introduce a new form of government, "a par- 
liamentary cabinet system" with more checks 
and balances than the strong presidential system, 
but many are not sure exactly what he means. 

In previous elections, Mr. Kim had been cast 
by the government as a radical Communist, 
which his supporters say is unfair. Nonetheless, 
that image has made him disliked. 

"He is much like a Kennedy — people like 
him or hate him," said You Jong Keun, governor 
of North Cholia and a friend. "The emotion is 
very strong." 

Mr. You, a U.S.-educated advocate of the 
free-market reforms that the International Mon- 
etary Fund is forcing on South Korea, is expected 
to be a high-profile adviser to the president-elect. 


See KOREA. Page 4 


A Trans -Atlantic Beef 

EU Threatens U.S. Meat Ban Over Inspections 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 





BRUSSELS — The possibility of a 
trans- Atlantic trade war over food 
, . safety grew Thursday when the Euro- 
pean Commission announced that it had 
given the United States six months to 
mprove procedures to ensure that meat 
md poultry shipped to Europe are free 
>f hormones and antibiotics. _ _ 

A spokesman for the commission, the 
ixecutive body of the European Union, 
* -aid EU veterinary inspectors had found 
ax levels of control in the United States, 
ie said the commission could recom- 
nend a ban on U.S. meat. and poultry 
in less procedures were improved. 

"The U.S. is unable to tell os what 
evels of hormone exist because they do 
tot have a high standard of controls, 
<oe spokesman, Filippo di Robilant, said 
\nomer spokesm an said that "if there is 
' <o change in six months, we wiU have no 

-ption but to recommend a ban." 




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The announcement closely followed a 
U.S. decision to ban all imports of five 
cattle and sheep from Europe, as well as 
some animal products, because of a risk 
of introducing bovine spongiform en- 
cephalopathy, tx - “mad cow" disease. 
Washington bad already banned such 
imports from countries that had reported 
cases of the disease The prohibition 
now extends to the entire 15-nation Un- 
ion and several other countries. 

Mr. di Robilant denied that die com- 
mission warning was a tit-for-tat mea- 
sure. He said the veterinary report on 
which it was based had been carried out 
before the U.S. announcement. 

Both sides claim to be operating out 
of concern for human safety, but of- 
ficials on each side accused the other of 

acting to seize a trade advantage. 

An assistant secretary at the U.S. De- 
partment of Agriculture said it had de- 
cided to ban imports of live animals and 

See BEEF, Page 12 


The Dollar 


notYoV Thun»fcy**P.M. ******** 


DU 


1.7745 


1.774 


Pound 


1.6655 


Yen 


12a 66 


1.6507 

127.155 


5.9465 


5.9391 



-110.91 




-ir .IvJx.-" 



784&50 


S&P 500 


7857.41 


Thutdw«4P.M. 


-1024 


955 JO 


965-54 



IMinRimh/n*/ 


The two-seater Smart car during a publicity outing. 

Daimler Hits Brakes 
On 2d Flawed Model 


By John Schmid 

Inte muiiotuil Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Daimler-Benz AG again suspended 
Thursday the sale to the public of a compact car that 
flipped over in test drives in what analysis called an 
embarrassing repeat of tire quality troubles dial plagued 
the company on a different model a month ago. 

“It is die continuation of a nightmare,” said John 
Lawson, industry analyst at Salomon Smith Barney in 
London. “It has gone into the second round." 

Like the Mercedes-Benz A-cIass before it, the luxury 
automaker's Smart car suffers from a tendency to flip over 
on sharp turns in tests, the company said Thursday. 

The admissions about both cars were stunning, ob- 
servers said, for Europe's most profitable carmaker and 
particularly for its engineers,, who have prided themselves 
on technically superior Mercedes-Benz sedans. 

See BENDS, Page 12 


Europe Feels a Chill From Asia 

Hopes Fade on Continent for a Robust Economic Revival 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 


PARIS — Europe's hopes for a strong eco- 
nomic recovery next year may be at risk. 

Just a couple of months ago forecasters were 
predicting a robust 1998 across Europe. But 
now, the outlook is for a much more modest 
revival. The reasons are fresh uncertainty about 
the effects of the Asian financial crisis and fears 
that both corporate investment and consumer 
spending may not hold up as much as had been 
previously expected. 

Several economists around Europe said Wed- 
nesday they were beginning to pare back their 
1998 forecasts for European resurgence — from 
an average of 3 percent growth down to a more 
modest 2 JS percent rate. 

"The buoyant European recovery that had 
been anticipated for 1998 does not look likely 10 
materialize. We will probably see a patchy re- 
covery," said Ken Wattret. an economist at 


Paribas in London. 

Any gains in Europe are “taking place in a 
split economy, with strong net exports and very 
weak, if Dot stagnant domestic demand," said 
Norbert Walter, chief economist at Deutsche 
Bank in Frankfurt. "Thai is the picture for 
Europe, so we won’t expect much change from 
the 2.5 percent growth rate in 1997." 

While the prospect of a less robust return to 
economic health is unlikely to affect plans for the 
launch of the euro in January 1999. economists 
say that it means that central banks probably will 
be less inclined to raise interest rates in the next 
few months. Meanwhile, Europe's jobless rate is 
expected to have less chance of declining, and 
probably will remain little changed during most 
of next year. 

Among the reasons most frequently cited by 
economists for predicting a more modest re- 
cuperation is exports: Because Europe’s growth 

See EUROPE, Page 12 


AGENDA 


Exports Cut U.S. Trade Gap 

The U.S. trade deficit with the rest of the world 
narrowed sharply in October, to $9.7 billion, as record 
exports helped offset a relentless climb in imports. 

But the trade gap with Japan soared to the highest 
level in two and a half years, and analysts say America 's 
trade deficits with all Asian countries will rise next year 
because of the region’s financial turmoil. 

Even with the improvement, the overall trade deficit 
through the first 1 0 months of this year is running at an 
annual rate of $1 14 billion, compared with an $1 1 1 
billion imbalance for all of last year. Page 13. 


PAGE TWO 

Seeking the Truth in 

Algeria 

THE AMERICAS 

Page 3. 

Auditors Cite Republicans. Too 

Books 


Crossword 

Page 4. 

Opinion 

Pages 8-9. 

Sports 

Pages 20-21. 

The tntermarket 

Page 7. 

p The IKT on-line 1 

www.i ht.com | 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


PAGETWO 


A I Voman’s Search / Who's I 

tehind Massacres? 

Counting A 

Igei 

ia’s Graves 

By Celestine Bohlen 

New Yuri Tunes Sen'ice 

Salima Ghezali. an editor 


R OME — Without a free press inside Al- 
geria, or any other independent account- 
ing, no one can say for sure bow many tens 
of thousands of Algerians have been killed 
in the last five years of civil war, or who is behind 
the relentless wave of massacres, ambushes and 
disappearances. 

But according to Salima Ghezali, an editor of the 
last independent journal published in Algeria until it 
was shut down just one year ago, one way to gauge 
the scale of killing is to go to the cemeteries each 
day and count the number of fresh, unmarked 
graves. That is how she and her colleagues, 
sidestepping Algeria's tough censorship laws, 
gathered material in March 1996 for a special 
edition on human rights violations. 

Eight months later, their weekly newspaper. La 
Nation, was closed by government authorities, on 
the preteat of unpaid bills. In Rome on Tuesday, on 
her way to Strasbourg to collect a Sakharov Prize for 
democracy from the European Parliament. Mrs. 
Ghezali, a 40-year-old former professor of French 
literature and a founder of Algeria's women's rights 
movement, accused Algeria's military-backed gov- 
ernment of promoting “fictions” about the sources 
of the violence that has wracked the country. 

By her estimate, the number of dead in Algeria 
since 1992 has already surpassed 100,000 — Am- 
nesty International put the figure at 80,000 or more 
— and is growing by as much as 1 .000 a week. Just 
last weekend, another 34 people, including a preg- 
nant woman and 3-year-old child, were reported 
killed in several attacks. 

“It is the uncomfortable truth that extremist tend- 
encies and fascist beliefs can be found just as much 
among Algeria's secularists as among the funda- 
mentalists.'' she said, criticizing the Algerian gov- 
ernment for its repressive methods and its failure to 
enter into any dialogue with its Islamic opponents. 

S INCE 1992, when the Algerian Army 
scrapped multiparty elections that Islamic 
fundamentalists were poised to win, the gov- 
ernment has maintained that the killings are 
the work of Islamic extremists. Given censorship 
laws which require that all reporting on the violence 
be based on official figures distributed by the Interior 
Ministry, and which strictly prohibit any contact with 
Islamic groups, there can be no other version of 
events inside Algeria. 

“One should stop hiding behind the fan of the 
Islamists,” Mrs. Ghezali said at a press conference at 
die Community of San Egidio. the Roman Catholic 
group that in 1995 tried to broker peace between the 
Algerian government and its Islamic opponents. 
“There are Islamists and there are Islamic terrorists, 
there is a terror practiced by criminals, and there is a 


— j — — - — v D 

women’s rights movement, 
soys one way to gauge the 
scale of kilting is to goto 
the .cemeteries each day. 

She says the government 
promotes fictions' about the 
sources of the violence. 




988 


I'ecrtn 


Tbr 


terror sustained by the government in defense of its 
power. We should try to identify the source of the 
violence, and see who profits from it” 

“The worst tiling in a modem crisis is to think one 
can have good guys on one side, and bad guys on the 
other/' added Mrs. Ghezali, who lives in Algeria 
but away from her own home in order to protect her 
family. "We are not dealing with two different 
camps. It is not an ideological battle, as it often 
portrayed in the West It is a violent breakdown 
whose victims we can’t see, and don't hear/' 

Mrs. Ghezali described the difficulties of trying 
to penetrate the mysteries surrounding the ongoing 
massacres, including the reasons that local gov- 
ernment troop and police fail to intervene even 
when the killings are taking place in the vicinity of 
their own installations: 

“They always claim it is because there are mines 
all around the area,” said Mrs. Ghezali, Vbut then 
when it is all over, the mines never explode.” 

Given the difficulties and dangers of reporting on 
the violence in Algeria, La Nation, founded in 1992, 
stuck to more analytical articles and conducted 
independent investigations on. for example, the 
growth of Algeria’s quasi-independent militias. 


which have been given wide-ranging authority by 
the government. 

"There is no more independent press in Algeria 
and the proof of that is that the only newspaper that 
didn't reprint the official line was La Nation, and it 
was forced to close/' said Malti Djallai of Reporters 
Without Frontiers, a Paris-based group that cam- 
paigns on behalf of press freedom around the world. 

According to Mrs. Ghezali, the violence in Al- 
geria is caused in part by the frustrations of an ailing 
economy and an underemployed population, of 
which 70 percent is under 30 years of age. She said 
the murders had become self-perpetuating since 
families often sought to avenge their own dead. 

"But if you want to see a solution to the war in 
Algeria, go to the cemeteries, particularly on Fri- 
days/' she said. "People are always talking about 
women in Algeria — about the division between 
feminists and Islamists — but if yon go to the 
cemeteries- you see women mourning their dead, 
wives and mothers of the victims of terrorists, and 
wives and mothers of victims of the state-supported 
terror. There is much less hate than people think. It 
is not that Algerian society cannot reach a com- 
promise, it is that it is impeded.” 


Lillian Disney, Wife of Studio’s Founder, Dies at 98 


By Bernard Weinraub 

New York Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — Lillian Disney, 
98, the widow of Walt Disney and a 
prominent patron of the arts, died Tues- 
day at her home in Los Angeles after 
suffering a stroke Monday. 

Mrs. Disney, who met her husband in 
the 1920s while working at a low-level 
job at his fledgling studio, was married 
to the film mogul for 41 years. 

A publicity-shy figure. Mrs. Disney 
became active in a number of charities 
after her husband's death in 1966 and 
emerged as a leading patron of the arts. 
She helped found the California Institute 
of the Arts, which has produced many of 


the nation's most formidable animators. 

In May 1987, Mrs. Disney made a 
landmark gift of $50 million to the Mu- 
sic Center of Los Angeles County to 
build a world-class concert hall. Al- 
though plans for the concert hall had 
stalled in recent years, mostly because 
of financial and artistic disagreements, 
the project was recently revived with a 
$25 million donation from the Walt 
Disney Co. It is scheduled to be com- 
pleted in the year 2001 . 

Ralph Fasanella, 83, Urban Painter 

New York Timet Strike 

Ralph Fasanella. 83. who worked as a 
union organizer, a machinist and a gas 
station owner but whose lasting fame 


will be as a late-blooming, self-taught 
painter of teeming urban panoramas, 
died Tuesday in Yonkers, New York. 

After painting in relative obscurity for 
neatly 30 yeans, Mr. Fasanella became 
something of a celebrity in 1972, when 
his photograph appeared on a cover of 
New York magazine with the words: 
‘ ’This man pumps gas in the Bronx for a 
living. He may also be the best primitive 
painter since Grandma Moses. ' 

His large, extraordinarily detailed 
images depicted events that were vari- 
ously personal, historical and, for New 
Yorkers at least, nearly universal. 

From 1940 to 1945, Mr. Fasanella 
worked as a union organizer for the 
United Electrical Workers. He learned to 



TRAVEL UPDATE 


Greek Rescuers Search 
For Ukrainian Plane 


. Reuters 

SALONIKA, Greece — Rescue 
teams struggling to overcome Tugged 
terrain covered with snow and low 
clouds failed by nightfall Thursday to 
find a missing Ukrainian airliner with 
70 people aboard. 

Search teams stretching across a 
mountainous region southwest of 
Salonika scaled back operations as dark- 
ness fell, but officials said efforts to find 
the plane would be redoubled. Friday. 

As many as 2,000 military personnel, 
twice the number used Thursday, were 
expected to be deployed, a Defense 
Ministry source said. 

The Russian-built Yakovlev-42 
plane, flown by the Ukrainian-Israeli 
charter company Aerosvit, disappeared 
from radar screens late Wednesday as it 
prepared to land in Salonika airport after 
a flight from Kiev . via Odessa, 
Ukraine. 

Throughout the day Thursday, search 
teams were hampered by atrocious 
weather. 

The mili tary personnel involved in 
the search were aided by locals. Vil- 


lagers in one remote area fired rifles ta 
the air hoping to attract attention from 
possible survivors. 

A Greek cons auction company, 
Michaniki, said 23 of its employees had 
been on board the plane returning for 
Christmas from construction work it) 
Odessa. 

A Ukrainian official said the plane 
was carrying 33 Greeks, 25 Ukrainians, 

2 Poles, 1 German, 1 Russian and the 8 - 
member Ukrainian crew. 

In Kiev, Aerosvit’s general director A 
said that neither the pilot nor the crew f 
had flown the route before but that they 
were well trained and experienced. 

Greek media said that when if was 
last heard from, the plane had been 
flying at only 3,800 feet ( 1,150 meters)', 
for lower than many of the mountains in 

the region. . 

The Greek federation of civil aviation 
employees, which had scheduled two 
work stoppages Thursday as part of a 
general stnke against the 1998 budget, 
said it was suspending its action “in 
light of die disappearance of the Ukrain- 
ian plane/ ’ according to a statement ' 



Hong Kong Speeds Tests 
To Diagnose Avian Flu 


paint after persuading the union to or- 
ganize painting classes and signing up. 

Doug Dibley, 101, Gallipoli Veteran 

Reuters 

WELLINGTON — New Zealand’s 
last surviving veteran of the Gallipoli 
campaign in World War L Doug Dibley, 
101, died Thursday. 

Some 68,000 Anzacs, the Australian 
and New Zealand Army Corps, fought 
at Gallipoli, a strategic peninsula in 
Turkey in April 1915. The battle aided 
in defeat for the Allied forces with the 
deaths of more than 8.000 Australians 
and 2,700 New Zealanders. 

An Australian veteran of Gallipoli, 
Ted Matthews, also 101, died on Dec. 9. 


The Associated Press' 

HONG KONG — Doctors said 
Thursday that they had developed faster 
■tests for detecting die mysterious avian 
flu that -has killed two persons and 
sickened at least five in Hong Kong. 

But they said there were no plans to 
conduct mass tests of members of the 
public with fever and sniffles, and ad- 
vised those with fin symptoms to simply 
see their family doctor. 

"It would be an inappropriate use of 
resources” to test “every patient that 
has a runny nose,” Dr. J.S.M. Peiris, a 
doctor at the University of Hong Kong, 
said at a press conference. 

Dr. -Peiris said that the new tests, 
which involve examining nasal secre- 
tions under a microscope, would enable 
hospital staff members to isolate avian 
flu victims more quickly and prescribe 
appropriate medicine. 

Until now, hospitals have waited a 
week or two for viral cultures to show 
conclusively what strain of flu sickened 
the patient, he said. Tests now will re- 
quire just a day or two. 

Dr. Thomas Tsang of the Health De- 
partment sounded an npbeat note, say- 
ing that the latest known cases of avian 
flu have turned out to be milder than the 
early ones. 

Seven persons have been confirmed 
as having the virus, until recently found 
only in ponltiy and other birds, while 
two more, are suspected of baying the 
virus. Of the seven, two have died, one 
has recovered and four remain hospi- 
talized. 

“The most recent cases that we see 
are mostly fever, sore throat, maybe 
tunny nose,” Dr. Tsaqg said. He added 
that investigators still had not answered 
the key question of how the virus is 
transmittal: from birds to people or 
from person to person. The second case 
would make an epidemic more likely. 


WEATHER 


“We won’t have an answer for i 
Christmas present," Dr. Tsang said. * 
Hong Kong’s two largest chicken 
markets reopened Thursday after a 
three-day precautionary cleaning. j 
Radio Hong Kong said that vendors 
at Che two markets reported that theif 
sales were down 70 percent to 80 per- 
cent. . i 

In March, chickens began dying on 
three small poultry forms in Hong 
Kong’s outlying New Territories. , 
Microbiologists determined that the 
4,500 dead birds in Lau Fau Shan vil- 
lage succumbed co a particularly vir-j 
ulent strain of avian influenza. 

The virus spreads swiftly, attacks all 
the ceils in the infected bird’s body and 
is nearly always fatal. 

Court Finds No Bias ; 
In Delta Weight Case ; 

The Associated Press • 

ALBANY, New York — New York’s 
highest court has unanimously rejected 
claims by 10 flight attendants who said 
Delta Air Lines had barred diem from 
jobs solely because of their weighL 
The 10, all in their 40s and with at 
least 18 years’ flight experience, in- 
terviewed for jobs with Delta in 1991, 
but were turned down after failing to 
meet die company's "personal appear- 
ance standards.” 

The Court of Appeals said the air- 
line’s use of weight charts did not vi- - 
date state human rights laws. While the « 
court did ntite that obesity is considered % 
a medical disability that cannot be used 
to deny a person a job, it pointed out that 
each of the plaintiffs only missed the 
weight limits by 4 to 1 0 pounds ( J .8 to 
4.5 kilograms). ] 


.heritage of 
yesterday...today. 


Hotel Safi tel 


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Embassy in Mexico warns 
Of Robberies in Taxicabs 

MEXICO CITY (API — The shooting 
death of an American and the beating of 
another — both during attempted robberies in* 
taxis — has prompted the U.S. Embassy to 
warn American citizens not to hail cabs on 
city streets here. 

The advisory Wednesday came two days 
after Peter Zarate. 40, was shot and killed in a 
taxi outside his home in a wealthy neigh- 
borhood in Mexico City. 

The embassy “urges U.S. citizens here to 
avoid taking any taxi not summoned by tele- 
phone,” it said in a statement. 

In several recent cases, taxi drivers, in 


apparent collusion with aimed robbers, picked 
up passengers, drove them to outlying parts of 
the city, and robbed and abandoned them. 
Homicide is not usually part of the routine. 

New Louvre Wing to Open 

PARIS (AP) — The Louvre is finally com- 
plete after 15 years and 7 billion francs ($1.7 
billion) worth of renovations, whose last leg 
will be. inaugurated Friday by President 
Jacques Chirac. 

The new wing, on the museum’s south side 
overlooking the Seine, is a resplendent back- 
drop for 5.000 pieces of Egyptian antiquities 
that have been closed to the public for nearly 
three years. Its layout was conceived to make 
the collections more accessible to the public. 



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Europe 






Today 

HWi LowW 

ToBXMTOm 

High lxaeW 


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Forecast tor Saturday throu^i Monday, as prevklad by AccuWeaitier. 



tin.— in trf y 

CoM 


North America 

rr will be very stormy 
across tha United States 
Saturday through Monday, 
as Canada remains rela- 
tively tranquil. A strong 
Pacrtc sflonn vdt bring rain 
and heavy mountain snow 
to the Rockies. Unusually 
cold fn the southwestern 
U.S. and northern Mexico; 
warn tn Florida. 


Europe 

There wit) be an active 
storm track through the 
MetSerranean Sea Satur- 
day through Monday. A 
good deal or rain will faK 
across the southern halt o> 
Italy and the BaJtans. Very 
cold air will remain 
entrenched over northern 
Russia; mud In &» British 
isles. 


Asia 

Typhoon Pahs n*« be curv- 
ing northeast, bringing 
heavy rain to the southern 
Islands o( Japan. High 
*Ms are also a possMay 
Saturday lor coastal Japan 
as well. Heavy snow m til 
tan Sunday across North 
Korea. Very cold air will 
sink south across Sttdang 
and northern CMna. 


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Karachi 

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inters S 
i,iai * Plane 



astic Spending Limit? 

Auditors Say Republicans Broke Rules 


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iN’rn Yi*L Times Sen-ire 


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WASHINGTON — Auditors for die 
Federal Election Commission contend 
that last year's Republican National 
Convention exceeded its legal spending 
limit by about S3.7 million in costs paid 
for by sources that include the city of 
San Diego and the host committee. 

The accusation is the latest example 
Of how political parties continue to find 
imaginative, and potentially illegal, 
ways to funnel contributions from cor- 
porations and other sources. 

The Republican and the Democratic 
parties were each given $12.4 million in 
federal money last year to pay for then- 
conventions. But in newly released 
audits, lawyers for the election commis- 
sion said other expenses for such items as 
identification badges and camera stands 
were paid for by the host committee — a 
group of civic and business leaders — 
and by ihe city of San Diego. 

‘ The host committee and the city paid 
for expenses like information booths 
about San Diego and decorations but not 
for direct costs of the event. The com- 
mission's auditors assert that the Re- 
publicans broke the rules and recom- 
mend that they return the money. 

But Mike Collins, press secretary for 
the Republican National Co mmi ttee, 
dismissed the findings as nitpicking. 

“We're absolutely confident that 
when this thing goes through die FEC 
process," he said, “virtually all of these 
recommendations are going to be re- 




jeeied because their interpretation is 
such hair splitting. ” 

The city of San Diego took sharp 
issue with the auditors* conclusions and 
insisted in a detailed rebuttal that its 
actions were legal and appropriate. 

The auditors* findings, which were 
confirmed by ihe commission’s counsel, 
were presented to the Federal Election 
Commission this month, but it is not 
expected to act until sometime next year. 
Commission officials said they had not 
finished a comparable audit of spending 
by the Democratic Party at its national 
convention last year in Chicago. 

The audits show that the commis- 
sion's investigators, though hobbled by 
a tight budget and staffing cuts, do oc- 
casionally uncover possible instances of 
fresh efforts to skirt election laws. The 
amount of money at issue is more than 
the $3 million that the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee has returned in con- 
tributions from the 1996 campaign be- 
cause party officials said they might 
have been illegal or inappropriate. 

Yet action by the commission may be 
pother mattes:. It usually does not act on 
■ its auditors’ recommendations until 
years after an election. Even then, the 
six-member commission often dead- 
locks along party lines. 

Election commission officials said 
there had never been a case where a host 
committee spent so much money for ex- 
penses that were traditionally paid for fay 
a party itself. The officials said the spend- 
ing amounted to a means to circumvent 
the $12.4 million spending limit- 


POLITICAL NO TES 



ksFcrai: liml.lThr ^■nkluciIPitv, 


FREED — Children from a day care center in Plano, Texas, running toward a policeman after a gunman 
seized the center and held its occupants hostage. The man released all but his son and stepson Thursday. 


Away From 
Politics 

• Relatively few people are signing 

up to have air bag nn-off switches 
installed in their cars. The National 
Highway Traffic Safety Administra- 
tion has received about 11,000 re- 
quests for applications, and 1 ,500 of 
them have been filled out and re- 
named. {.API 

• The 450-pound lioness that got 
out of a cage at a roadside zoo in 
Kissimmee, Florida, and spent two 
days wandering through dense woods 
near popular tourist attractions, was 
shot with a tranquilizer dan and re- 
turned to the JungleLand Zoo. (APi 

• New York City Council has ef- 

fectively banned' outdoor cigarette 
advertising in most of the city by 
barring the ads within 1 .000 feel of 
schools, playgrounds and day-cure 
centers. i.VITj 


New Jersey Lets Gay Couple Adopt a Child Together 


By Judith Havemann 

Washington Post Sen-ice 


WASHINGTON — New Jersey has 
become the first state in the United 
States to allow gay partners ro adopt 
children jointly on the same basis as 
married couples. 

Immediately characterized as a key 
benchmark in gay rights, the new policy 
resulted from the settlement of a class- 


vpnj * _ vr* it n , /* I? I ij year to help control infectious diseases overseas, an in- 

r MJi lO lie Id ran Of rreetl JMemO vestment that the agency’s chief described as an expression 

° of altruism and a strategy of self-defense. 

ASHINGTON — Officials of the FBI have agreed to 

provi 
Freeh 


WASHINGTON — Officials of the FBI have agreed to 
/ide more information to House members about Louis 
: reeh*s confidential memorandum recommending an in- 
dependent prosecutor to investigate campaign finance abus- 
es. according to a House committee chairman. 

But it remained unclear how much detail the bureau 
would actually provide to the House Government Reform 
and Oversight Committee, which has been investigating 
campaign finance abuses. 

Bureau officials said they would provide a verbal de- 
scription of parts of the 22-page memo from the FBI 
director. But a committee aide said officials would read /j 4 IT I 4 

some passages, summarize others and omit those that are \rllOte / DTiQUOte 
pan of a grand jury inquiry into campaign finance. (NYT) ■ 

Representative Dick Gephardt, the House minority lead- 
er, on the Kyoto Protocol establishing limits on greenhouse 
emissions: “I really think what you ’vegot here is an outline 
or a blueprint that -still has to be filled in. It's clear that we 
don’t have an agreement with die developing nations. 
Everybody has said that has to happen." (AP) 


The money will be directed to four main areas: control of 
tuberculosis, control of malaria, improved surveillance of 
disease outbreaks and a broad effort to detect and limit drug- 
resistant microbes. 

All four areas either have touched the United States 
directly or have the potential to do so, said J. Brian Atwood, 
the agency head. 

The $50 million appropriated by Congress may signal the 
start of a long-term commitment to fight infectious diseases 
outside the United States, several officials said. (WP) 


U.S. to Fight Diseases Overseas 

WASHINGTON — The Agency for International De- 
velopment will spend an additional S50 million this fiscal 


action lawsuit brought by a gay couple in 
New Jersey who sought to adopt a child 
from the state’s foster-care program. 

While its practical effect extends only 
to children in the custody of the state of 
New Jersey, gay-rights advocates said 
that it placed 'all unmarried couples in 
the state on equal footing with married 
couples for the first time, and would 
vastly streamline the process for ho- 
mosexuals seeking to adopt. 

The Family Research Council de- 
plored the ruling. Robert Knight, its di- 
rector of cultural studies, called the set- 
tlement “a victory for homosexual 
activism and a defeat for children already 
bruised in life and in need of an intact, 
committed hosband-and-wife family." 

Gay men and lesbians have been 
working ou several fronts to win legal 


recognition for their personal and fam- 
ily relationships, seeking “domestic 
partnership” legislation, equality with 
heterosexual couples for health and life 
insurance benefits, and equal oppor- 
tunity to adopr and obtain custody and 
visitation rights. 

A handful of states and the District of 
Columbia already allow gay couples to 
adopt children in a complex and ex- 
pensive two-step process , in which first 
one parent is allowed to adopt and then 
the second can petition for joint rights. 

But the practical effect in New Jersey 
of allowing both adults to adopt together 
is that, at ihe outset, they obtain the same 
legal rights and responsibilities for the 
child. That issue is important for several 
reasons. It is a signal from the state that a 
gay couple can act as a family unit. More 


critically, it could determine a child's face 
if something happened to one parent. 

In addition, married couples lend to 
have an advantage over single people in 
seeking adoption rights. With New Jer- 
sey law now allowing gays as well us 
unmarried heterosexual couples equal 
adoption rights, the automatic advantage 
of married couples would disappear. 

The case involved a couple. Michael 
Gallurcio, 35. and Jon Holden. 34. who 
had been caring for a 2-year-old foster 
child since he was 3 months old. The 
child was addicted to cocaine and ex- 
posed in HIV. the virus lhai causes 
AIDS, when he was bom. 

Mr. Galluceio said: “We are on equal 
fooling now, with all couples, .straight 
and gay. There arc a lot of people who 
want to become families." 


Yale to Pay Damages to AIDS-Infected Doctor 


New York Ttmes Sen-ice 
NEW HAVEN, Connecticut — A 
jury has ordered Yale University to pay 
$12.2 million ro a doctor who was in- 
fected with the AIDS virus after sticking 
herself with a needle while treating an 
AIDS patient at Yale-New Haven Hos- 
pital in 1988. when she was a fust-year 
medical intern. 

In a case that her lawyers hope will 
have ramifications in medical schools 
throughout the United States, the six- 
person jury agreed with the doctor's 


contention that Yale University did not 
train or supervise her properly, causing 
her potentially fatal injury. 

“We did it,” said the doctor, 35, who 
has remained anonymous during the tri- 
al and was* identified in court papers as 
Jane Doe. “And, hopefully, we sent a 
message loud and clear You've got to 
train people." 

William Doyle, Yale's lawyer, who 
said that the doctor was to blame for the 
needle stick, added that the school would 
appeal. * ‘The consequences of Dr. Doe’s 


needle stick presented a very sympath- 
etic case, and I’m afniid that sympathy 
carried the day.” Mr. Doyle said. 

An expert in health-care worker 
safety said she hoped the verdict would 
help change a flawed system. 

Dr. Janine Jagger, director of the In- 
ternational Health Care Worker Safety 
Centerarthe University of Virginia, said, 
“The prevalent philosophy of "see one, 
do one, teach one' is totally inadequate 
for training in procedures which have 
such life-threatening consequences.'* 


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We cleared Ihe forestsJhen we realized that the forests sustain out life. So we banned the practice of logging in the forests. Where does 
.this leave Lucy? Homeless and unemployed. Elephants like Lucy find themselves in the city with nowhere to go but into the traffic and 
with nothing to eat but plastic bags. Thailand's elephant population has dropped by 88% since the 1960's... can you imagine how much 
food Lucy needs to eat... and can you imagine the world without elephants? 

The international Herald Tribune recently worked with Thai Airways International to run a competition to raise funds to-build THAI JUMBO 
VILLAGE SURIN. An Elephant Conservation. Thamnoon Wanglee, President of Thai Airways International says thal the conservation aims 
to ’establish an appropriate system to conserve Asian elephants." Once Jumbo Village becomes established as a central elephant reserve, 
Thai Airways International hopes to expand the scope of the reserve to other countries with significant elephant populations. 

We would like to thank those of you who took part in the competition and to those of you who sent a donation. The following winners have 
won twin business class return tickets to Thailand, courtesy of Thai Airways International. 

James McReynolds, President Teleios. USA • Richard Ritchie. Director, Marchliefd & Company, Canada • Cynthia Rosenfeld, Assistant 
Director of Development Club Med, Singapore - Michael Hawksford, Managing Director, Bremick, Australia • H. E. Mr. Theo Arnold, 
Ambassador, Netherlands Embassy. Malaysia - Eugenio Villanue VP. Managing Director, Cableworks Inc.. Philippines • Robert Dixon. 
Operation Director, DMW - Dennis Sdn Bhd, Malaysia • Constance B Wolf, Vice President, Dow Coming, Belgium • Maximilien De 
Hoop Cartier, Director, Dolphin South Atlantics. Fiance • Rebecca Irvin, Head ol Enterprise Awards, Rolex, Switzerland 

Please continue to donate 

Recent donations from you will feed and house Lucy for one year. Thank you - but it's not enough! Please send in your donations today 
to build THAI JUMBO VILLAGE SURIN... and TAKE PART in conserving Thailand^ elephants. 


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Journey From Jail Cell 
To Presidential Palace 

Along the Way, Victor Defied Assassins 


By Maiy Jordan 

Washington Post Service 

SEOUL — Kim Dae Jung's support- 
ers call him the Nelson Mandela of 
Korea and, with the 73-year-old dis- 


presideat that has kept him running for 
almost 40 years. 

Unfortunately, for Mr. Kim, his arch- 
enemies were powerful autocrats who 
seemed to control everything but 
thought here as late as the 1980s. Mil- 


si dent’s epochal election Friday as itaiy strongmen such as Park Chung 


South Korea's next president, the ana- 
logy seems more apt than ever. 

In opposite comers of die world, Mr. 
Mandela and Mr. Kim have devoted 
their lives to fighting injustice. In South 


Hee, Chun Doo Hwan and Rob Tae Woo 
told the people to hate Mr. Kim, and the 
message sunk in. 

This time around, financial reform 
that limited spending and the “media” 



• . 


Africa, Mr. Mandela went to prison for age, which for the first time made tele- 
opposing apartheid: in Sonth Korea, Mr. vision the most important campaign 
Kim’s pro-democracy, pro-human cool, helped lift the man from a back- 
lights crusade caused the dictators he water port town of Mokpo in Cholla to 
opposed to jail him and repeatedly try to the presidency. 


lull him. When Mr. Mandela won the In 1971, a young congressman sur- 
Nobel Peace Prize, Mr. Kim was one of prised the nation by almost defeating 
the nominees he beat out. Mr. Park in a presidential election. Most 

Now both men have been elected observers believe Mr. Kim would have 
president of a homeland that was once won had the election been fully free and 
bitterly hostile to them. Both represent fair. The race was enough to set Mr. 


the common man: an oppressed black Park's security services against him, 
majority in South Africa, the working During the campaign, a truck smashed 
class in South Korea. into Mr. Kim’s car. killing his driver and 

“His life would make a great movie,” leaving him with a limp. Mir. Kim said 
said Mr. Kim’s longtime afiy. You Jong that was the government’s first attempt 
Kean, governor of Mr. Kim’s home re- to kill him. 

gion. North Cholla Province. “Because of In 1973, Mr. Kim was kidnapped by 

his persecution, he is almost idolized.” South Korean security agents from a 
It has been an article of faith in South Tokyo hotel, spirited out to sea on a ship 
Korean politics since die 1970s that and prepared for execution by drowning. 
“Dee Jay” could never be elected pres- Mr. Kim was saved by the appearance of 
ident, mainly because the solid core of a plane that dropped a flare, apparently 
voters who supported him was out- as a warning. Mr. Kim believes it was the 
numbered by an equally determined core U.S. Central Intelligence Agency send- 



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In 1973, Mr. Kim was kidnapped by 
South Korean security agents from a 
Tokyo hotel, spirited out to sea on a ship 
and prepared fra: execution by drowning. 
Mr. Kim was saved by the appearance of 


DwM U mfWn TtiO V V w ri i M d ftw 

Supporters of Kim Baigjim g wavin g «nnjmign dgne reading, “Trust me. I’m as strong as iron,” on election eve. 


1980, Mr. Kim was one of die first 
arrested. 


mocracy fighting against dictatorship, i 
On the eve of his return to Sooth Korea, 


leader, current President Kim Young 


U.S. Prepares 
To Exempt 
Vietnam From 
Trading Curb 


By Jim Mann 

Lv sAngetes Tunes 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton ad- 
ministration has decided to open the way 
for full-scale U.S. trade and investment 
in Vietnam by lifting dw principal 
obstacle to nonnalited economic rela- 
tions between the two countries, accord- 
ing to senior administration officials. 

President Bill Clinton is preparing to 
grant Vietnam a waiver from what is 
r?iiftrt the Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 
the officials said- That provision bars 
foil economic relations with a Com- 
munist country unless it permits free 
emigration. The administration has con- 
cluded that Vietnam’s emigration 
policies have improved enough to qual- 
ify for the waiver. 

Mr. Clinton’s action will enable 
American companies in Vietnam to 
qualify for a senes of U.S. programs 
from which they have been excluded. 
For example, these companies will be 
entitled to obtain government-backed 
financing for their Vietnam projects 
and may also insure their operations 


In all, Mr. Kim spent six years in just before a key National Assembly 


saved by the appearance of prison, seven more under house arrest, 
Iropped a flare, apparently and 26 months in exile in the United 
Mr. Kim believes it was foe Stales. During his time in prison, he was 


election in February 1985, Mr. Kim was 
given a sendoff in Madison Square 
Garden that was attended by 3,000 


iwoww, wuushii, & ivukWMM * - — - , , ■ i /■ i--“ i 

Sam, offered South Korean voters a taste there against the nsk of political ap- 
of democracy. They spoke foe way no heavals. . , . . . , 

one had been able to for years about The waiver is also one of the pincmal 

human rights. steps required for Vietnam to obtain full 

In foe end, though, foe opposition trading privileges in this oountiy, known 


numbered by an equally determined core 
who despised him. Before now, no pres- 
ident in Korean history has hailed from 


ing a blunt signal, That has never been with one heavily censored one-page let- 
ident in Korean history has hailed from proven, but pressure from the American tor each month. Those letters became foe 
foe more agrarian, poorer southwest government is often credited with keep- basis for a book, “Prison Writings. " 
comer of foe nation. ing Mr. Kim alive. He was eventually Among other things, foe book dc 

To his enemies, Mr. Kim's moderate taken back to Seoul and dumped out on a Mr. Kim’s Roman Catholic faith. He< 


>>uu». viuuig uu uiuc m uiiauu, uc woa vjuiuku u u u mu ouuiuw v>j — . j altliAnnli 

allowed to communicate with his famil y people. He said be was returning to South candi d a te s split foe- vote. That allowed asmost-favorcd-naaon s^ms, ^ ^ ou^c 
with one heavily censored one-page let- Korea, despite facing 17 more years re- General Chun’s chosen successor, an- other legal requirements, wui aeiay uns 
fAriHirh mrinffi Tlincp Irttftrc nutnino Ail his nrisAn hrransft other general to win. process for & year or so. 


maining on his prison sentence, because, other general, to win. 

“I have done an I can from afar.” After Mr. Kim lost again in a splintered 

After his return, Mr. Kim was banned vote in 1992, he plan 
from political activity until a government be changed his mil 
announcement in June 1987, that a direct almost eclipsed him. 
presidential election would be held for Just as he was gett 


comer of foe nation. 

To his enemies, Mr. Kim's moderate 


approach to North Korea and his dose Seoul street near his house. 


ties with organized Habra 1 Smacked of 
Communist sympathy. Those who op- 
posed him say he is an egotist, infected 
with "daetongryong byung" the pres- 


Mr. Kim continued as an outspoken 
dissident leader, and when foe govern- 
ment of General Chun staged a bloody 
crackdown on demonstrators- in foe 


Among other things, the book details 
Mr. Kim’s Roman CatboHc faith. He once 
presented Edwin Rdscbauer, fanner U.S. 
ambassador, a handwritten scroll in 


idential disease, an obsession to become Cholla Province city of Kwangju in May 


fTiiiwm characters font translates, 
“Serving man is like serving Heaven.” 

During his exile in foe United States, 
Mr. Kim became a champion of de- 


process far a yearor so. 

Both foe Hanoi government and 


vote in 1992, he planned to retire. When American companies doing business tn 
be changed his mind, it was age that Vietnam have been lobbying for foe 


translates, foe firsttime since before Mr. Park’s time 


Just as tic was getting close enough to 
taste victory, people said he was too old. 


and that the political ban on Mr. Kim and Mr. Kim fought off foe charge by run- 
other opposition leaders would be lifted, nirig a vigorous ca mp a ign that exhausted 
Mr. Kim and another key opposition even his aides. 


Jackson-Vanik waiver since foe United 
States established diplomatic ties in 
1995 with its former enemy. The ad- 
ministration has been reviewing the is- 
sue throughout foe fall and decided to 
inform Congress this week of the policy 


KOREA: Opposition Leader Wins Victory Over Establishment 


BRIEFLY 


change, officials said. 

“We very much look forward . to 
this,” paid Virginia Foote, director of foe 
Washington-based United States- Viet- 
nam Trade Council, which promotes 
American business with Vietnam. 

Le Van Bang, Vietnamese ambassa- 
dor to the United States, said he had not 
yet been informed officially of foe ad- 
ministration’s decision. 

“We hope that it can be done soon, so 
that American companies can be helped 
to compete in the Vietnamese market,” 
he said. 

Many governments in Europe and 
Asia already help their companies com- 
pete for business deals in Vietnam by 
providing subsidized, low-cost loans or 

Other kinds of financing . 

The administration’s decision could 
spark some opposition in Congress. Last 
month, Jesse Helms, Republican of 
North Carolina and chairman of the Sen- 
ate Foreign Relations Committee, wrote 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright to 
urge holding foe line' against giving 
Hanoi die trade benefits. 

‘ ‘Vietnam remains a one-party, Cotn- 
mnnist state," Mr. Helms said. 

Grover Joseph Rees, staff director for 
the House International Relations Sub- 
committee on International Operations, 
said he felt administration was moving 
too quickly in granting Vietnam the 
waiver. 

“We ought to be getting something 
for this,” Mr. Rees said. “We can’t 
insist,” he added, that the Vietnamese 
“have a democratic form of govern- 
ment, butwe could insist on a wholesale 
release of political and religious pris- 
oners.” 

Even after Mr. Clinton' formally 
grants Vietnam the Jackson-Vanik 
waiver, next June he will have to ask 
Congress far permission to extend it for 
another year. Congress could then dis- 
approve. 

For U.S. businesses, the Jackson- 
Vanik waiver will open the way for them 
to ob tain government-backed financing 
from foe U.S. Export-Import Bank and, 
eventually, 1 insurance against political 
risk by the Overseas Private Investment 
Coro. 

Ult imate ly, the waiver will pave the 
way for Vietnam to benefit from most- 
favored-nation trading privileges, which 
would permit Vietnamese goods to be 
sold in the United States with foe same 
low tariff rates enjoyed by most other 
countries. 


Continued from Page 1 

In an interview Thursday night, Mr. You 
said Mr. Kim was deeply committed to 
the IMF reforms and was prepared fra 
foe difficult tasks ahead. 


The race was so close that some of his outgoing president, Kim Young Sam, so 
aides believe that had foe younger broth- foe country could regain its footing, 
er’s death been widely known when 25 Kim Young Sam pledged Friday to 
million people voted Thursday, it might consult with the president-elect on all 
have had an impact At 73, Mr. Kim is important issues. “I am going to co- 
foe oldest candidate, and his age has operate with foe president-elect very 
rtor in foe race. Some worried closely,” he said, 
that tire death of the younger brother Kim Dae Jung said he would meet 
would have frightened people about with Michel Camdessus of the IMF, 
he candidate would last the which is leading a $60 billion bailout, to 
term. put to rest any concern that he might 

ige and some say ingenious waver on foe harsh conditions imposed 


Critics say Mr. Kim will have a par- been a factor in foe race. Some worried 


ticularly difficult time dealing with labor. 
The high wages demanded by unions and 


laws that make it difficult to lay off whether the candidate would last the 
workers have contributed heavily to foe five-year term. 


economic woes of businesses. Mr. Kim A strange and some say ingenious 
now faces difficult decisions regarding alliance with Kim Jong Pil, foe former 
labor, a base of his support for decades, founder of foe intelligence agency 
In his speeches, he has said he will ad- whose men tried to kill Kim Dae Jung, 


n t |7 • who toppled Prince Ranariddh in a 

Burma Warns ixTOUp July coup, began a new offensive 
-mg j-s .j . * against opposition farces camped in 

C fit MOSS Gatherings O’Smach on Monday. (Reuters) 

RANGOON — Burma’s ruling mil- nr ' _ 

itary government told foe opposition jOpOn UpeTlS JLUTlIhei 
National League for Democracy Thurs- rj i mi 
day to stop holding mass gatherings or LMdeT JLOKyO BOW 
risk faring meaningful dialogue. 

The wanting came at a meeting TOKYO — Ribbons were cut 
between officials of the State Peace Thursday on both sides of Tokyo Bay 
and Development Council, led by file to open what Japan claims is the 
home affairs minister. Colonel Tin world’s longest undersea tunnel ex- 


alliance with Kim Jong Pil, foe former by the institution. For one thing, the IMF 
founder of foe intelligence agency is demanding an immediate opening of 


vocate cuts in salaries over layoffs. 

* “It’s a very delicate issue,” Mr. You 
said. The governor, who was with Mr. 
Kim on Thursday night at his house, 
added:. “I just had a short discussion 
with him and he understands what he 
heeds to do” on foe labor issue. 

Adding last-minute drama to the 
highly emotional campaign, Mr. Kim’s 


helped win foe-race. Kim Jong Pil is 
expected to be named prime minister. 


foe closed market to foreign investment 
and goods, f- 

Mr. Kim’s victory was a bitter defeat 


younger brother, Kim Dae Ui, 70, died foe emergency economic legislation he 


expected to be named prune minister. Mr. aim s victory was a bitter deteat 
The thin margin of victory does not forfoe establishment that has been atfoe 
necessarily mean Mr. Kim will have a core of South Korean politics and power 
weak government, because the power of for nearly 50 years. Mr. Lee, 62, the 
foe presidency is so potent here. But majority party’s candidate and who is a 
because Mr. Kim’s party does not have a former Supreme Court justice, said “I 
majority in the National Assembly, he congratulate Kim Dae Jung. I did my 
could face difficulties pushing through best.” 


Hiaing, and five central executive clorively fra automobile use. 


committee members of foe league, led 
by the pro-democracy activist Daw 
Aung San Sun Kyi. 

The government council also asked 


The Tokyo Bay Aqualine, built at a 
cost of 1.44 trillion yen ($1 13 billion) 
consists of a 4.4-kilometer (2.7-mile) 
bridge and a 9.4-kilometer tunnel that 


the league to refrain from making ac- allows commuters to cross faebay m 
cusatioos and statements protesting about IS minutes, they said. 


Wednesday afternoon, and his last 
words reportedly were, “Don’t tell my 
brother.” 

! The president-elect learned of foe 


has promised to overcome this financial In the end, televj 
crisis. I gust with insider 

Mr. Kim said that he would not wait was the first cat 
until foe Feb. 25 inauguration to begin through TV, and 


It took a fat to topple foe ruling party. 
In the end, television and people’s dis- 
gust with insider conniption did it This 
was the first campaign waged largely 
through TV, and that coupled with new 


foe government’s security measures. 
There was no immediate reaction 


The brifee-tanneL, which has been in 
the works far mare than three decades, 


being asked about it by te- steering foe country out of its economic campaign finance laws, which meant a 


porters Thursday morning. He spent part 
of election day at foe hospital- 


troubles. Rather, he said, he would fat less dirty money was used, gave the 
closely work with his longtime rival, foe opposition more strength. 


Perplexity and Outrage Over TV Show 

200 Remain Hospitalized in Japan After Seizures From Viewing Cartoon 


By Kevin Sullivan 

Washinghm Fust Serricr 

TOKYO — Japan was still 


multibillion-dollar animation 
business. Some called for in- 
troduction of an electronic 
screening device, similar to 


trying to figure out Thursday foe V-chip used in foe United 
what happened to 685 people States, to help parents block 


largest mothers’ organization 
said in a statement 
The victims, who range in 
age from 3 to 58 and live all 


dous impact on human be- 
ings, and in the centuries to 
come it will become bigger 
and bigger,” said Kikuo 


from foe National League for Democ- is expected to increase local economies 
racy to foe meeting, the first between and eliminate the 80-kilometer trip 
foe two sites since foe government around foe bay. The one-way toll fora 
changed its name last month from the car is 4,000 yen (S3 1). (Reuters) 
State Law and Order Restoration 

CounciL (Reuters) nn sy rjn • 

tear Gas on iratn 

Ranariddh Loyalists Sickens Tokyo Riders 

Kill 30 Soldiers TOKYO — At least 60 passengers 

on a packed commuter train were 
CHONG CHQM PASS, Thailand taken to hospitals with eye and throat 
— Cambodian opposition forces loyal pain Thursday morning after a group 
to the deposed first prime minister, of alleged pickpockets sprayed tear 
Prince Norodom Ranariddh, killed gas to escape from undercover police, 
about 30 government soldiers Thursday foe police said, 
in an ambush near foe border town of The five pickpockets, some of 
O’Smach, a Thai Army officer said. whom wielded knives, escaped, the 

The opposition fighters ambushed Tokyo Metropolitan Police Depart- 
foe government troops as they were meet said. 


who were taken to hospitals out extremely intense anim- toon serial called 
with seizures, convulsions or ation. Others suggested that mon,” or 
loss of vision after watching a shows be reviewed for their monsters.” The sees 
popular television cartoon possible effects on foe health parenily triggered tl 


over the country, suffered at- Asai, a researcher at the Me- 
tacks during a fast-action car- dia Education Development 


Tuesday. About 200 victims, of viewers, 
mainly children, remained “We are gravely concerned 

hospitalized Thursday. at this escalating race, this 

Outraged mothers accused competition by the television 
television networks of ignor- networks to show ever-more 
ing children's health in the stimulating images, targeting 
competition for ratings in the even children,” the country’s 


monsters.” The scene chai ap- 
parently triggered foe neuro- 
logical episodes involved a 
bright-white explosion on the 


“Poke- Center in Tokyo. “But in 
’pocket many ways that mechanism 
chatap- has not been fully understood. 

: neuro- Perhaps foe Pokemon case 
lived a will help make it clearer.” 
i on the The Pokemon incident has 


traveling by track from the northwest- 
ern town of Samrohg to the front line 
near O’Smach, Colonel Pichet Ajrit- 
tirong said. 

He said all of the government sol- 


None of foe injuries were serious, 
but passengers panicked as foe scene 
quickly reminded them of the night- 
marish 1995 gassing on the Tokyo 
subway by the AumShinrikyodooms- 


screen followed by brilliant struck almost everyone here 
red, white and blue lights that as foe most bizarre thing to 
flashed like a strobe light for happen in Tokyo since the 


diers in foe convoy were killed in the day cult, in which 12 died and foou- 
ambush. sands were sickened. 

A Defense Ministry spokesman in Two plainclothes investigators 
Phnom Penh said he had not received were m the train car where the incident 
any reports about an ambush. took place as part of daily "anti-pick- 

Cambodian government troops un- pocket surveillance, a police spokes- 
der Second Prime Minister' Hun Sen, man said. (AP) 


about five seconds. Aum Shinrikyo cult gassed 

In the hour following the the city’s subway system in 
show, emergency service March 1995, killing 12 
telephone lines all over the people and sending 5,500 oth- 
countxy were called as people ers to hospitals, 
sought ambulances. Some Among those who did not 
families reprated that chil- seem surprised about foe re- 


CROSSWORD 


drea shipped breathing mo- actions to foe show were neu- 
mentarily; others reported rologists and the makers of 


seizures similar to 
suffered by epileptics. 


those video games. 

There is ample precedent 



The numbers of people for intense optical stimulation 
who were less severely af- causing seizures and fits. 111- 


fected could be vast 


ness related to video games 


The Yomiuri Shim bun has increased in foe past 10 
newspaper reported Thursday years as the games have pro- 


that education officials in foe 
15 Japanese prefectures 
where foe show was aired 
Tuesday night had identified 
1 2,950 children who suffered 


liferated. 

Several Japanese television 
networks said Thursday that 
they would screen all of their 
animated programming to en- 


at least minor symptoms after sure that it did not contain foe 


watching iL 

“It is already well-known 
that television has a semen- 


Fen joy or avoid! 



http://wwevents.com 



LW08LD WIDE EVENTS J 


khuk of visual effects that 
caused the problems Tuesday. 

One executive at a leading 
producer of animated pro- 
gramming told The Associ- 
ated Press that foe Pokemon 
incident would probably 
prompt Japan to develop 
technical standards fra anim- 
ation production. 

“when an animated show 
leads to kids ending up in 
emergency rooms, networks 
and animation production 
companies have to re-exam- 
ine what they are doing,” said 
foe executive, who declined 
to be. identified. 


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EU and Turkey Work 
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'Reflection and Calm * Urged After Rebuff 


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Reuters 

COPENHAGEN — The European 
Umon and Turkey sought to tone down 
a dispute Thursday over an EU rebuff of 
Ankara s membership hopes. 

The Russian foreign minister, Yev- 
geni Primakov, Tackling broader issues 
at a meeting of the 54-nation Orga- 
nization for Security and Cooperation in 
Europe, criticized NATO expansion as 
divisive. 

The foreign affairs commissioner of 
the European Union, Hans van den 
Broek, met with ihe Turkish foreign 
minister, Ismail Cem. on the sidelines of 
the conference. 

Leaders of the European Union an- 
nounced at a summit meeting last week- 
end that they would hold membership 
talks with 10 former Soviet-bloc coun- 
tries and Cyprus. 

But they did not accept Turkey, 
which has been seeking membership for 
34 years, as an official candidate, even 
though they did not rule out its can- 
didacy in the future. 

Mr. van den Broek said Thursday that 
he favored a "period of reflection and 
calm” in relations between the Euro- 
pean Union and Turkey. He said he 
believed that Turkey was not opposed to 
the idea. 


Yeltsin Is Ready 
To Work Again 

Reuters 

MOSCOW' — President Boris 
Yeltsin, feeling "great” after recov- 
ering from a viral infection, said TTturs- 
day that he would resume work Friday, 
but the Kremlin said he would not im- 
mediately leave the sanatorium where 
he is slaying. 

Mr. Yeltsin, whose illness triggered 
fears about a recurrence of last year's 
heart problems, held talks at the Bar- 
vikha sanatorium with Prime Minister 
Viktor Chernomyrdin about Russia’s 
economic and social problems. 

"Everything is all right with me.” 
Mr. Yeltsin said in televised remarks 
ahead of the meeting. "My illness was 
not related to any heart problems. It was 
indeed a cold and there was a danger of 
complications. ” 

Mr. Yeltsin, who was admitted to the 
sanatorium just outside Moscow on 
Dec. 10. looked relaxed. 

Asked how the president was feeling, 
a Kremlin spokesman said: "Great.” 


Mr. Cem said that the EU had offered 
Turkey a “third-class compartment.” 
it But be said at a press conference: 
“The EU should not be an obsession. 
The EU is a goal. If Turkey does not 
become a member, it’s not the end of the 
world.” 

Ankara also appeared to soften a 
threat made Wednesday by Prime Min- 
ister Mesut Yilmaz, to withdraw its EU 
membership bid entirely if the 15-mem- 
ber Union did not include it in a list of 
candidates for membership. 

“The prime minister gave one of the 
options before Turkey,” the state-run 
Anatolian News Agency quoted Bulent 
Ecevit, a deputy prime minister, as say- 
ing. Mr. Ecevit added that the Turkish 
cabinet had not discussed Mr. Yilmaz’s 
warning. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Primakov warned 
the foreign ministers at the conference 
to avoid moves that could divide 
Europe. He criticized the campaigns of 
East European countries to join the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

Mr. Primakov said a new security 
charter should create a "common space 
of security without dividing lines” and 
should "serve the interests of aU states, 
whether or not they are in military al- 
liances." 

Russia favors strengthening the Or- 
ganization for Security and Cooperation 
in Europe to make it. instead of NATO, 
the Continent's main security group. 

Mr. Primakov also . said Moscow 
wanted the European security organi- 
zation to preserve a principle of con- 
sensus for all decisions — a condition 
that critics say often ties it to uttering 
platitudes. 

Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel of Ger- 
many said dial Bonn was willing to dis- 
cuss tbe idea of "consensus minus one” 
to make tbe organization’s decision- 
making process less cumbersome. 


Clash Erupts in Bonn 
At Education Protest 

BONN — Students shouting “Kohl 
Out!" clashed with riot police near the 
chancellor's office Thursday during a 
protest against education cuts. 

The police said that several students 
and police officers had been injured. 

They added that about 400 leftist ex- 
tremists had used tbe demonstration as 
a cover for violence. 

Police ringed the government district 
as buses and trains brought about 30,000 
students from across Germany into the 
center of Bonn to climax a month of 
demonstrations and strikes over over- 
crowded lecture halls, crumbling build- 
ings and poor teaching at universities. 

Student leaders blame the problems on 
inadequate federal funding. 

Several hundred students threw 
bottles, smoke bombs, eggs and paint- 
filled balloons. They tried to break 
ttoough the police lines but were pushed 
back with clubs and horses. (Reiners) 

Dairy Farmers Block 
Main Roads to Rome 

ROME — Dairy’ fanners used tract- 
ors Thursday to block the main roads 
leading to central Rome, paralyzing 
traffic in the latest confrontation’ with 
the government over European Union 
milk fines. 

The hourlong protest backed up 
traffic for about 10 kilometers on the 
ring road that links the main north- 
south highway. Some commuters said it 
bad taken them as much as three hours 
to get to work. Many rumed back. 

Dairy farmers have led a series of 
protests and road blockages since the n< j? j 

European Commission said this month LllCSCU rOCCS lnQUiry 
that it would take legal action against /-*_ ni . - - 1 mo/1 

Italy and Spain over failure to comply iM iJflOOtlTlQS III iyOy 
with the EU milk quota regime. ° 

The farmers say Prime Minister Ro- BUCHAREST — Prosecutors will 
mano Prodi’s center-left government question former President Ion Iliescu 



Police arresting a protester Thursday in Bonn during the student demonstration. Several people were injured. 


.miscalculated the quota size and should 
pay fine* imposed for oveiproduction. 
The government has said it is willing ro 
compensate some farmers for as much 
as 80 percent of the fines. (Reuters) 


over his role in the 1989 anti-Com- 
munist uprising, when dozens of 
people were shot and killed by troops 
after the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu 
fled the capital. 

General Dan Voinea said the former 
president, who came to power during ihe 
uprising, would be questioned by mil- 
itary’ prosecutors "over orders he issued 
to troops in December 1989 to use guns 
at the state television building.” 

More than 80 people were killed and 
another 200 wounded on Dec. 22 when 


troops attacked gunmen who had be- 
sieged the television headquarters in 
central Bucharest, hours after Mr. 
Ceausescu and his wife lied the city by 
helicopter. 

"Some of those responsible for 
causing Ihe deaths ol those people 
killed ai the television building as- 
sumed senior state jobs alter that." 
General Voinea said. 

“This explains why investigations 
into those evenrs could not be launched 
before.” (Reuters) 


Lawsuit in N. Y Says Banks in France Block Access to Jews 9 Accounts 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — A lawsuit filed in Brooklyn 
federal conrt accuses nine banks in France of 
blocking access to Jews' accounts under ihe Vichy 
regime, then failing to account for seized assets 
after the end of World War n. 

Hie lawsuit, which was filed Wednesday by two 
Holocaust survivors. Femande Bodner and Anna 
Zajdenberg. and which petitions for class-action 
status, seeks recovery of the seized assets and 
compensatory and punitive damages. 


It echoes another lawsuit, filed last year in 
Brooklyn federal court, against Swiss banks ac- 
cused of hoarding billions of dollars in accounts 
belonging to Holocaust survivors and victims and 
their descendants. 

“We feel that it’s an appropriate time for an 
accounting by the French banks who would be the 
custodians for the records since the assets and bank 
accounts of all Jews in France were frozen and 
expropriated in the period from 1942 to 1944,” 
said Kenneth McCallion, the plaintiffs' lawyer. 


"No accounting has taken place since the end of 
the war.” 

The lawsuit is consistent with a report published 
earlier this month by the French magazine Le 
Point, which said the French government secretly 
kept gold, jewels and property looted by the oc- 
cupying Nazis during World War 11 instead of 
returning the plunder to its owners. The article said 
the assets were instead used to rebuild the nation 
after the war. 

One state-owned bank named in that article, 


Credit Lyonnais, also is named in the lawsuit. The 
Le Point article said that in 1947 a Jewish couple 
tried to recover gold they had deposited at Credit 
Lyonnais before the war, but were told by Finance 
Ministry officers that there would be no reim- 
bursement. 

The other banks named in the suit are: Banque 
Paribas; Barclays Bank: Societe Generate; Banque 
National de Paris; Credit Commerical de France: 
Credit Agricole; Banque Francaise du Commerce 
Exterieur. and Banque Worms Capital Corp. 


BOOKS 


•sb;. - 


HOGARTH: 

A Life and a World 

By Jenny UgUw. 824 pages. 
$41). Farrar Straus Giroux. 

Reviewed by Bruce Cook 

U NDER a pseudonym, 1 
write a series of histor- 
ical mysteries set in 1 8th-cen- 
tury London, a lime and place 
1 can reach only by means of 
other books. Of the library 
I’ve assembled, no book has 
been more helpful to me than 
a collection of 101 engrav- 
ings by William Hogarth. He, 
who lived from 1697 to 1764, 
documented his age. carica- 
tured and pilloried it, as no 
other artist has any other. It is 
difficult even to think of Lon- 
don in that time without call- 
ing to mind the pictures he 
painted and his even better 
known engravings. 

Without Hogaith, how 
would we know the look of the 
forbidding interior of Bedlam, 
of the Fleei and Bridewell 
prisons, or the chaos of 
hanging day ai Tybum Hill? 
With some allowance made 
for the sort of exaggeration 
that he loved, he was the 1 8th- 
century equivalent of a master 
photojoumalist — oh, but 
more, so much more. 

His peculiar genius was ap- 
preciated very early on. Less 
than 20 years after his -death 
ihe first rough attempt at a 
biography appeared. There 
followed a trickle of print col- 
lections and biographies 
through the J9th century 
which in our own age of 
scholarly research has now 
gushed to a flood. The most 
widely acclaimed, because of 
its thoroughness, is Ronald 
Paulson's Hogarth: His Life 
and Times. “ first published 
in two volumes in 1971, and 
recently expanded to three. 

Jenny Uglow, a profession- 
al biographer, has a way of 
bringing her subject and his 
milieu alive in a way that 
memory tells me Paulson s 
academic prose simply failed 
to do. Hers is a book that 
welcomes the reader; it is 
thoroughly researched, yet 
written with great enthusiasm 
for that mad, crude, besotted 
age and a great affection for 
the man who pictured it so 
well in all its grim glory. 

He was bom the son of a 
teacher, tutor and Grub Street 
writer, within sight of New- 
gale j;ul and the smell of 
Sinuhficld meat market. His 
lather struggled to support his 
familv but fell into debt and 
\ias forced into the "Rules 
of Ihe Fleet debtors' prison, 
the miserable slum where 


debtors, technically in jail, 
might live with wife and chil- 
dren. They were released after 
four years, but only when Par- 
liament passed a Bill of Relief 
of Insolvent Debtors. Tbe 
next year, 1714. William 
Hogarth was apprenticed to a 
silver engraven he learned 
copper engraving as well, and 
set up shop at the age of 23. 
Fired with greater ambitions, 
however, he joined an artists’ 
academy and began (o teach 
himself to paint. 

From the beginning, be- 
cause of his humble origins, 
he showed a preference for 
pointing street scenes, rather 
than learning by copying the 
works of the great masters as 
was tbe custom. He loudly 
advocated and would contin- 
ue to advocate the founding of 
an English school of painting, 
one that would put aside the 
influence of the classicists 
and paint from nature what 
was there to be seen. 

This put him in opposition 
to James Thornhill, a success- 
ful English classicist who had 
trained abroad. It created a 
rather awkward situation 
when be sued for the hand of 
Thornhill's daughter, Jane; he 
won her but not her father’s 
blessing. They married, and it 
was not until after some years 
of happy marriage that Jane 
Hogarth was able to bring her 
father and his son-in-law to- 
gether — and that was ac- 
complished in no small part 
by winning Thornhill’s re- 
spect for Hogarth's painting. 

Because he had started as 

an engraver. Hogarth saw tbe 


good sense of turning his 
paintings into engravings that 
could be sold cheaply for shil- 
lings. He had done a series of 
engraved illustrations for 
Samuel Butler’s “Hud- 
ibras,” and in 1730 he looked 
for a story that might be told 
simply in pictures. He found 
it in that most familiar 18th- 
century figure, tbe whore. In a 
series of six pictures he traced 
the rise and fall of one Moll 
Hackabout, from her arrival 
in London to her death from 
venereal disease not long af- 
terward. The set of engrav- 
ings was titled "The Harlot’s 
Progress" and was available 
for a guinea. Tbe spicy nature 
of its subject matter assured a 
quick . sale, though Hogarth 
was content that he had told a 
moral tale with his pictures. 

Over the years he turned 
out a number of these, 
storytelling series, “The 
Rake's Progress,” “Marriage 
ala Mode” and “Industry and 
Idleness” among them. Each 
told a moral tale and each 
rtiade him a small fortune. 

B UT Hogarth, as champion 
of the English school of 
painting, felt bound to prove 
he could paint as well as any of 
the classicists. He solicited 
portrait commissi ots and put 
it about that he could paint 
them as well as Van Dyck. He 
certainly could when . he 
wished to do so. Samples of 
his portrait work, not nearly so 
well known as his oil-sketched 
impressions of London life or 
his etchings, support his 
claim. He believed profoundly 


that the face expressed the 
soul of the subject, and one has 
only to look at the (unfortu- 
nately small) reproductions of 
his work in this book to see 
how well he captured the es- 
sence of the men and women 
he painted, occasionally to 
their displeasure. 

When not engaged in de- 
fending his work, he was of- 
ten in political wrangles of 
one kind or another. He 
prospered as an artist, bought 
a country house, and provided 
well for his wife and sister, die 
only family he had. He was 
engaged in controversy with 
many of the famous of his age. 
among them Joshua Reynolds 
and Horace Walpole. 

At the time of his death he 
was doing bitter battle with 
John Wilkes and Charles 
Churchill. An aneurysm took 
him; he had exploded in anger 
once too often. 

There, in bare outline, is his 
life. If this were all that “Hog- 
arth: A Life and a World” 
told us, then it would be a 
much shorter book. Uglow 
takes seriously the task of 
presenting the arris: in the 
context of the society he lived 
in and painted. Digressing 
frequently, though not with- 
out purpose, she herself paints 
a huge canvas of the city in a 
time when the modem age 
was struggling to be bom. 


Bruce Cook., whose (rooks 
range from a study of the Beat 
Generation to a detective 
series set in 18th-century 
London, wrote this for The 
Washington Post. 


BRIDGE 


ByAlanTruscott 


rpHE diagramed deal was 
played in the 1993 Coupe 
de France. Herve Mouiel as 
South landed in six spades as 
shown after West had shown 
great heart length. A chib lead 
would have been decisive, but 
West could not have known 
that and produced the heart 

ace. . , 

South ruffed in dummy, 
and decided that East was 
likely to have die diamond 
queen and tbe club ace. Fore- 
seeing a favorable ending, he 
immediately finessed the dia- 
mond jack. He then ruffed his 
remaining heart and ran six 
rounds of trumps to reach the 
ending shown at right. 

On the last spade South 
threw a diamond from the 
dummy and East was caught 


in a stepping-stone squeeze. 
He gave up the club queen, 
and Mouiel promptly cashed 
the diamond king and led a 
club, scoring the dummy's 

north 
♦ 862 

‘ ?- 

0 A1Q6543 
4K872 

WEST EAST 

*1087 

7AXQ987 432 
5 9 2 0 Q87 

ill * A Q 10 93 

SOUTH (D) 
*AKQJ*43 
P 6 5 
OKJ 
*64 

Boih skies were vulnerable. The 

West North East 
i a 5 ? 

54 Pass 6* P* 3 ® 

Pass Pass 

West led heart ace- 


diamond ace at the finish to 
make his slam. 

Notice that there was a sim- 
pler road to success. After fin- 
essing the diamond jack suc- 
cessfully. South could have 
drawn one round of trumps, 
cashed the diamond king, and 
ruffed another heart Then the 
diamond ace would provide 
his 12th trick. 

NORTH 
4 - 
0- 
0 A 10 6 

4 K 


WEST 
4 — 

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99 
4 J 5 


EAST 

4 — 

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0 08 
4 A Q 
SOUTH 


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V — 
0 K 
484 



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PAGE 6 



INTERNATIONAL 


Israeli Reaction to Iran’s Buildup Is Heightening Nuclear Fears in Mideast 


By Joseph Fitchett 

Iniemantmat Herald Tribune 


The Middle East could end up living 
under the threat of nuclear confrontation, 
U.S. officials say. unless Washington 
succeeds in stopping the flow into Iran of 
material for weapons of mass destruc- 
tion. For the Clinton administration, the 
problem of Tehran’s buildup is con- 
plicated by Israel’s response to it. 

Israel has started talking about its 
nuclear capability as a counterforce to 
enemy nations' advanced weapons. No 
longer does Israel conceive of nuclear 
weapons as a last resort. 

Israel has adopted the phrase “nuclear 
capability” — still short of an outright 
acknowledgment of its nuclear weapons 
— as a deterrent, perhaps even a threat, to 
adversaries. 

The phrase rings in a balance of terror 
emerging in the Middle East 

Recently Israel hinted that it might 
deploy its nuclear weapons in a “ launch - 
on-warning” mode: If missiles were de- 
tected heading toward Israel, it would 
immediately Launch its own nuclear force 
before the unidentified missiles landed. 

Designed to convince a potential nu- 
clear aggressor that it cannot wipe out 
Israel’s nuclear arsenal, this doomsday 
strategy also maximizes the risks of ac- 
cidental nuclear war. 

“A bluff, at least right now,” a CIA 
analyst said, adding that nuclear brink- 
manship was a new Israeli tactic aimed 
at unnerving Tehran and discouraging 


Iranian leaders from investing in am- 
bitious weapons programs. 

But he and other officials agreed that 
the launch -on-warning scenario fore- 
shadowed future insecurity in a Middle 
East bristling with ballistic missiles and 
nuclear, chemical and biological war- 
heads. 

This threat could explain why Israeli 
leaders, breaching longstanding official 
reticence, have gone public about Is- 
rael’s nuclear deterrent 

The fullest statement came last sum- 
mer from die head of Israeli atomic 
energy commission, Gideon Frank, 
whose views were reported by the news- 
paper Ha’aretz. The editors said that 
clearance for publishing such sensitive 
material had come from die prime min- 
ister’s office. 

Defending Israel’s increasing reliance 
on nuclear weapons, Mr. Frank said that 
the country could only “give up its 
nuclear capability when it reaches a ‘uto- 
pia* with its neighbois on the order of 
Argentina and Brazil.” 

His phrase alluded to a tense moment 
in Latin America in the early 1990s 
when Brazil and Argentina — like Iran 
and Iraq today — were seeking go ac- 
quire nuclear missiles as a means to 
regional dominance. Under U.S. pres- 
sure, the two Latin American govern- 
ments were induced to abandon their 
nuclear aims race. 

But Israeli leaders apparently are du- 
bious about the Clinton administration's 
ability to impose a similar outcome in 


the volatile Middle East So Israel has 
sharply escalated its nuclear defiance in 
public statements by leaders from across 
the political spectrum. 

Last month, Ariel Sharon, minister of 
national infrastructure, put Iran and Iran 
publicly on notice against the use or 
chemical weapons, warning that Israel 
was “ready to respond with all our 
might” — a phrase widely taken to 
mean nuclear retaliation. 

Even Shimon Peres, the dovish 
former prime minister, recently invoked 
“nuclear capability” as necessary in 
Israel’s current and foreseeable circum- 
stances. 

None of these Israeli political barons 
outdoes Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu in talking tough. 

In recent months, he has become in- 
creasingly bellicose in warning Iran to 
halt its advanced weapons programs, 
frequently evoking Israel’s air strike 
against Iraq in 1982 that destroyed a 
ranch-supplied Osiris reactor. 

Without using the words, he seems to 
be putting forward the threat recently 
articulated by Defense Minister Yitzhak 
Mordechai: Israel will strike pre-empt- 
ively rather than let Iran develop 
weapons described by Mr. Netanyahu as 
‘ ‘an existential threat” to Israel. 

Meanwhile, on the diplomatic front, 
Israel has concentrated on getting the 
Clinton administration to lean hard on 
Moscow about Russian technical sup- 
port to Iran’s covert programs. 

In Washington, the lobbying effort 


has concentrated on anti-Iranian and 
pror-Israeli groups in Congress, both of 
which feared that Israel was being left to 
face the I ranian threat without adequate 
help from a Clinton administration in- 
tent, as die two groups saw it, on cod- 
dling the Yeltsin government. 

Conservatives in the United States 
were receptive to suggestions of Russian, 
mischief in Iran, so by last summer 
strong momentum had developed in 
Congress for legislation imposing sanc- 
tions on Russia. 

While not denying the impact of Israeli 
influence, a National Security Council 
official sought to situate these issues in 
the US. domestic context In the in- 
ternational flux after the end of the Cold 
War, he said. “Israel’s agenda — worries 
about Russia and Iran, proliferation and 
terrorism — covers exactly the security 
issues that are easy for conservatives to 
articulate and tackle and that inexper- 
ienced newcomers in Congress feel com- 
fortable trying to follow.” 

The success of the lobbying effort, 
however, caused resentment in the Clin- 
ton administration, some of whose of- 
ficials say that they fear Mr. Netanyahu 
may have a hidden agenda in showing die 
White House that Israel can damage U.S. 
relations with Russia through Congress. 

“If Israel can hold the Russia re- 
lationship hostage, the Clinton admin- 
istration may be unable to manage U.S. 
policy in the Middle East, including the 
i processr” a State Department of- 
:ial said. 


Israeli officials reject any suggestion 
of interference in U.S. domestic policy, 
acknowledging only that they share 
some congressmen’s concern that Iran 
should be stopped before its scientists 
gain more experience with missile and 
nuclear technology. . 

Spurred by Congress, the Clinton ad- 
ministration redoubled its efforts in recent 
months to thwart Tehran — and protect 
U.S. relations with Moscow — through a 
tij ptrtmfltif; initiative seeking cooperation 
from Moscow and from Beijing, the other 
critical source of outside help for Iranian 
weapons development. . 

withsuccess starting © crown the U.S. 
drive, an account of the international ma- 
neuvering emerged in .recent interviews 
with policymakers in the National Se- 
curity Council, the State Department and 
the Central Intelligence Agency, all of 
whom spoke on condition of anonymity. 

Both'Russia and China have promised 
the administration that they will 

prohibit the safe of dangerous technol- 
ogies for Iranian arms programs. 

But many in Congress, along with 
some outside experts, remain suspicious 
of Russia and China and skeptical about 
the results of their promised cooper- 
ation. 

Voicing cautious optimism, Clinton 
adminis t ration sources said that the 
White House and Congress were waiting 
for intelligence reports to test Russian 
and Chinese compliance — and to judge 
the impact on Iran. 

Conceivably, a CIA officer said, the 



Clinton to See Netanyahu and Arafat Separately 


By Steven Erlanger 

New York Times Service 


LONDON — The U.S. secretary of 
state, Madeleine Albright, after another 
round of meetings with the Israeli and 
Palestinian leaders that made only in- 
cremental progress, said Thursday that 
President Bill Clinton would meet them 
separately next month in Washington to 
try to break the impasse. 

“The president and I care deeply 
about the cause of the Middle Eastpeace 
process and are making every effort to 
overcome the existing crisis of confi- 
dence and restore hope and momenmm 
to the pursuit of peace,” Mrs. Albright 
said at a news conference here. 

“What I am doing, and what die 
president is doing, is to keep up the 
sense of urgency, because this is die 
time that something needs to be done.” 
she said. “ 1997 was not a good year for 
die peace process, and we want ’98 to be 
a good year.” 

The prospect of a meeting with Mr. 


Clinton should put added pressure on 
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of 
Israel and the Palestinian leader, Yasser 
Arafat, to make the difficult political 
decisions required to revive the peace 
effort after nearly 1 1 months of stag- 
nation, U.S. officials said. Mr. Clinton 
declined to meet with Mr. Netanyahu 
when he was in the United States last 
month, which he took as a snub. 

“Our working assumption is that 
Netanyahu and Arafat would not come 
to a meeting with the president without 
having thought long and hard about 
what additional steps they could take,” 
a senior U.S. official said. 

Mrs. Albright met in Paris on Thurs- 
day morning with Mr. Netanyahu and in 
London on Thursday afternoon with 
Mr. Arafat, for about two and a half 
hours with each. She said the talks were 
“substantive and intensive and fo- 
cused,” but “these are complicated is- . 
sues, and gaps remain between the Is- 
raelis and Palestinians.” 

She has been pushing the Israelis to 


make a “significant and credible’ ' with- 
drawal from the occupied West Bank, 
while she has been pressing the Pal- 
estinians to improve their fight against 
terrorism. 

Mr. Netanyahu’s cabinet has been 
struggling, in full view of the Israeli 
public, with die terms of such a with- 
drawal, while the Palestinians are being 
urged to complete a written document of 
measurable goals and actions designed 
to destroy the mili tary infrastructure of 
radical Palestinian groups like Hamas. 

Israeli officials say the depth of a 
West Bank withdrawal in put depends 
on their level of confidence in the Pal- 
estinian commitment to fi ght terrorism 
aimed at IsraeL Bat the withdrawal also 
depends on a larger Israeli cabinet 
agreement about the country's strategic 
“bottom line” — what Israel drinks it 
must retain for its own security in any 
final agreement with the Palestinians. 

The United States is hoping to induce 
both parties into accelerated talks on a 
final settlement, but that will not be 


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possible without an agreement first cm 
an Israeli withdrawal large enough to 
convince both Washington and Mr. 
Arafat that Mr. Netanyahu is serious 
about wanting a definitive peace. 

The Israeli newspaper Ma’ariv re- 
ported that die security document 
Washington wants from Mr. Arafat was 
completed Wednesday night after long 
talks among the Israelis, the Palestinians 
and die Americans. But Mr. Netanyahu, 
speaking in Luxembourg after meeting 
with Mrs. Albright, denied the report. 

“We have a general set or prin- 
ciples,” Mr. Netanyahu said, adding that 


odds over what Mr. Netanyahu has 
called die “revolving door,” a reference 
to the Palestinian Authority’s tendency 
to arrest militants from Hamas or Islamic 
Jihad and then release them. 

U.S. officials said Thursday that Mrs. 
Albright, who met both Middle East 
leaders on Dec. 5 and 6, has been mak- 
ing progress. 



Mr. Netanyahu, in Paris, where he 
met Thursday with Mrs. Albright 

U.S. officials had hoped they could get 
Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. Arafat together 
in Washington in January to announce an 
agreement, bat Mis. Albright said, “We 
are taking this one step at a time.” 


opmenL*- — — -- - . - 

“easier to track than a promise to end 
Karorism,” he said — if the United 
States wanted a reason for opening a 

dialogue with Iran. 

Thus far. Washington has not revised 
its view of die Iranian threat. Nor has 
Israel, these U.S. sources said. In mes- 
sages regularly sent through other coun- 
tries’ diplomats, Israel has warned Iran 
of pre-emptive military action, usually, 
with & deadline of late 1998. ..; 

Mr. Netanyahu never loses an op- 
portunity to remind audiences *at Js-‘ 
nil’s unilateral operation against the^ 
Iraqi reactor in 1982 caused consterna- 
tion internationally, only to be vuidk-. 
ated when foreign capitals credited the 
raid with helping prevent President Sad- 
dam Hussein from getting nuclear 
weapons ahead of die Gulf War. . 

' Stepping up its psychological war on 
Tehran, Israel frequently circulates ru- 
mors of imminent air strikes on Iranian* 
weapons facilities, apparently in hope of 
discouraging foreign scientists from 
working on weapons programs in Iran 
and thereby rising their lives. 

Such threats are disinformation at this 
point. U.S. specialists said, but they will 
gain credibility as Israeli military prep- 
arations progress. This month the coun- 
try took delivery of F- 1 51 warplanes, an 
advanced vearsion of the main U .S. strike 
aircraft against Iraq in the Gulf War. 

Paying $2^ billion for 25 of these 
planes, Israel was able to get its model 
specially redesigned — * “with Iran m 
mind.” an official said in Tel Aviv— so. 
that these F-15s have the range and 
payloadto operate against targets more 
than 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) east 
of IsraeL in Iran, nearly twice as far away 
as the destroyed reactor in Iraq. . . , 

In practice, an attack on Iran would be 
too big a challenge for Israel to handle', 
alone, even with U.S. intelligence and 
logistical help, according to U.S. of- 
ficials. They said that tire United States 
would be under pressure to get directly 
involved, probably guaranteeing polit- 
ical support and air cover. 

Turkey, too, could be drawn in. Turk- 
ish airbases are wily 500 kilometers from 
Tehran, comfortably within range for the 
new F-l5s with full bomb-loads. 

Last week, daring the first official 
visit to Turkey fry an Israeli defense' 
minister, Mr. Monfechai said in a speech 
in Ankara that the Islamic fundamen- 
talist government in Tehran could not be 
allowed to obtain long-range weaponry. 

The Tu rkish armed forces, wedded to 
their secular tradition and mistrustful of 
their country’s Islamic parties, have be- 
come increasingly open about their fears 
of the ayatollahs in Tehran and their 
eagerness for tighter military ties with 
Israel. 


U.S. Criticizes Iraqi ‘Retrenchment’ 

But It Will Help Seek Diplomatic Solution at UN to Arms Stalemate 


CcawOtd by Ow Staff FnmDtpaxha 

UNITED NATIONS, New York — 
Bill Richardson, the chief U.S. delegate 
to the United Nations, said Thursday that 
the United States would seek diplomatic 
solutions in the Security Council to re- 
solve the continuing stalemate over 
weapons inspections in Iraq. 

Speaking after a briefing by the chief 
UN aims inspector, Richard Butler, Mr. 
Richardson said that Iraq had “re- 
trenched” on its obligations for UN ac- 
cess by barring inspectors from key pres- 
idential sites. 

He called the Butler briefing “dis- 
appointing.” 

'‘We have taken some steps back- 
ward, some retrenchments on the issue 
of disclosure of weapons,” Mr. Richard- 
son said. “We want to solve this issue 
diplomatically through the Security 
Council” 

Mr. Butler completed a four-day mis- 
sion to Baghdad on Tuesday. During his 
visit. Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz 
told him that presidential sites would 
remain closed to UN weapons inspec- 
tors, saying that it was Iraq’s sovereign 
right to protect these areas, which are 

S ivate residences of President Saddam 
ossein. 

Saying that Iraq's stance was not ac- 
ceptable, Mr. Richardson added: “We 
now have Iraq officially stating that 
some sites are off-limits, and that is their 
statedpolicy.” 

' “We are very concerned about these 
developments.” . 

He said that the United States would 
be working with other Security Council 
members to draft a response in accord- 
ance with Mr. Butler’s report. 

According to the Butler report to the 
Security Council on Thursday, Iraq says 
it has not “one gram” of biological 


agents or other weapons of mass de- 
struction and will oner no new infor- 
mation on them. 

But Mr. Butler said that Iraqi officials 
had told him that they would answer 
questions on aims problems, although 
they declined to set out a disarmament 
program. 

Iraq’s delegate to the UN, NizarHam- 
doon, called the report inaccurate and 
said that Mr. Butler had not reflected 
Iraq’s willingness to cooperate. 

The British chief delegate. Sir John 
Weston, said the report made it difficult 
to see “tight at the end of the tunnel” in 
Iraqi disarmament. 

But the Russian delegate, Sergei Lav- 
rov, said he saw positive signs mat there 
was no evidence Iraq resumed man- 
ufacturing illegal weapons during the 
days last month when all inspectors were 
withdrawn from the country. 

The council appeared no more pre- 
pared Thursday to authorize serious ac- 
tion against Iraq than it was last month, 
when the situation was even more tense. 
Ranee, Russia and China refused then to 
threaten Baghdad -with military force or 
tighter sanctions. 

In Washington, Samuel Berger, the 
national security adviser, said the first 
step would be a “very clear statement 
from the Security Council that access 
means access, and we will take it from 
there, one step at a time In a steady 
way.” { Reuters. AP) 

■ Access to Be Reduced 

R. Jeffrey Smith qf The Washington 
Post reported earlier from Washington: 

Iraqi officials have spelled out con- 
ditions for UN inspections of suspected 
weapons sites that would in effect grant 
experts even less access than in the past, 
UN officials said. 


BRIEFLY 


According to a letter sent by Mr. But- 
■ ter to members of the Security Council, 
Iraq's new rules would deny any UN 
access to the headquarters of its min- 
istries or to any site where Presided 
Saddam “resides and/or works.” 

The United Nations has routinely 
been blocked from inspecting “pres- 
idential sites” in the past and gained 
access to the headquarters of the Min- 
istry of Irrigation on one occasion after a 
delay of 40 hours, according to a UN 
official. But Iraq has not previously tried 
to promulgate a rule that such headquar- 
ters buildings on never be inspected 
under any circumstances. 

Mr. Butter said that Iraqi officials 
refused to delineate any of these off 
limits sites in advance, on grounds that 
doing so would help the Pentagon pre- 
pare a list of potential targets for bomb* 
mg raids. * 

The Iraqis said only that the sites woe 
marked by “gates and high walls” and 
are well known to local diplomats, Mri 
Butter said. 

Two other categories of sites — those 
owned by private citizens or by foreign 
companies or governments — can be 
inspected only if the owners agree, -Mr* 
Butler wrote that he was told by Mr, 
Aziz. In the past, UN officials have 
generally been allowed to inspect sites 
mat are allegedly privately owned or 
leased by foreign companies after much! 
“huffing and puffing,” a UN official 
said. 

In addition, Mr. Butler said rfm* Mr, 1 



security or intelligence agenci 
cou ld be inspected only under specia 
procedures agreed to by the govemmen 
and that certain “secret rooms” wouft 
be excluded from inspection. 


Jamaica Calm as Voting Starts 


??* Tajik town of Khudzhand 
bunaJonThursday, a Tajik aviation official said. 

TutSS? thc ? n]y 1 survivorof I foecrash of 
carrym « 86 passengers and ci 
members from the town of Khudzhand in north 
Tqgastan to Shaqah, one of seven emirates withfe 




KINGSTON, Jamaica — Jamaica’s 12 million voters 
began casting ballots in general elections on Thursday 
meaning, but the late arrival of ballots and electoral officials 
delayed voting in a number of areas. 

The election is expected to return Prime Minister PJ. 

Patterson's People’s National Party to power for an un- 
precedented third consecutive term. 

Police reported no major disturbances so far apart from 
some random shooting in central Kingston. Previous elec- s?. j , _ 

bShed” Caribbean islaBd have h"" inaAed w heavy sitnole Gets 2 Years for Plot 

One problem area early Thursday was August Town, 
where election observers from .the Atlanta-based Carter Cen- 
ter. including former President Jimmy Carter and his wife, 

Rosalynn, were waiting to monitor the voting. (Reuters) 


fiom A. Golf.” aTajfc^SS^S 


(Reuters) 


Tajik Crash Victims Returned 

DUSHANBE, Tajikistan —The bodies of 85 people who 
died in Monday’s crash of a Tajik airliner in the United Arab 


>»4Es=2assBS 

TWiy for plotting to kill Preside,,, 

But Mr Sithole, 77. was immediately set ft 
pending a Supreme Court appeal afterTtts tawver 

™>s:mss5E.T 


v 







VJ2> 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


PAGE 7 


* »'« Mid 


% 


tAt 2 


i+i-A 8 ■ THE INTERMARKET 


71 +44 171420 0348 


•SAZseStfSfi 




RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE 


.... . ncoiucw I IAU KfcJO 

.Z# -- 

... r >\* Rea/ Estate Wantedfochange French Riviera 


••• 

. • v - \, 
b. 

■ : ■■‘■v 

•i u,..'! 




Iff CITY CARNESE Hill 
ftahteoraton wy pate 
jtewiett ttfltt apartneri in 
Brownstone, 4 brtonroe tote 

large, wovterfui. pnvae gatosi. 
(Sihg Area. Ucrim 

WffiAi a* to exchange vrtu horee h 

CMsavRlwn.UK 

from Jan 2 thru Feb 1 Don ■efcome. 
' CaS 212678-1153 USA 


Real Estate 


for Sale 


. "Si 


(lie ? M 
hnjll'* 


Canada 

OTTAWA, OH CANAL w PaftranL 
Design and irtjue 3*2 bedram t*n- 
House. $357 JOG. Owner 613-2304292 


: 613-2304292 


ieiruiichniiii 

mat l 3 m lr«i> 


TO SELL QUEBEC : 2 BUStNESSES 
3 PROPERTIES- FARM-Hwtadiarapy 
ItfxffitaMJtoMftfrcIyjaxiVquetH: 


French Alps 

AVORUZ . DUPLEX APARTMENT. SO 
sqm. Downstaxs: Mng non Hh fira- 
ptace 1 separate dtaing area + entered 
togga ttchen. WC. Upstate: 2 tea- 
rooms, sleeping mezzanine, fid bath mBi 
rartnj mitiK. stparare stater room. 
Steps 7. Unobshuaed sunset view, on 
slopes, targe storage room. FFiM. fur- 
nished Tet *33 |0fi 50 S 49 14 

CHAMONIX VALLEY. LuoiioiB condo 
teh tats d sir sij veal dam. Wak to 
ski areas, vllage, bus & train. 2 bed- 
rooms, 2 bate, hum terrace. TasMtife 
furnished. Price $315,000 US dollars 
Ccrtad: P. Pams, USA. 954-4630600: 
Fac 954-763-1053. 

NEHftfcL LES ALLUES. (unshed apart- 
mot 5 rooms. 79 sq.m- 2 baths. 2 
WCs, equipped tecfien. Pifcds 60 sqm 
tenace, pop. cda. FF1.85QJHQ.-Tet 
+33(0)612 31 81 81 V 06 07 32 50 84 


French Provinces 


CHATEAU W PROVENCE 

16 km from Avignon, TQV, abpart 
Poetic 19th cat brick & store resdenx 
rf 320 sqm. 3 stritang reception rooms. 
fcraryAitSca 3 bedrooms «dti bataonte 
Addnlng mas d 350 sqm. wifi 
11 rooms paniaHf restored 2 deluxe 
cottages, dcwecd, pooL 400 sqm. bam 
used as music room. Part wfii certuy 
dd trees, 6 ha gauds. FF4500B00 
Tet +33 (0)4 9095 7510 Fax 9095 8108 


BORDEAUX • VINEYARDS 

' Baaudul I9h col ESTATE oft park. 
Site AOC CANON FRONSAC vheyard. 
wine celar-caRtokar's haraEoapbonal 
■ Bha SAKT-EWJON. houseMne cdar 
1 70ha BQRDEAUX-lTft cat monaSery 
WIESK WMOBLER 
Td +33(0)5 5751 2818 Fax 57S1 1264 


PERJGOBO LUXURY MANOR HOUSE 
875 sqm. ■ 14 rooms - sofetedtfone 
window 8 ieptace, modem mnstnrkr 
S contorts, high dass fSings, petted 
condflton. Pod. Quid. Unspcted fdoo 
tew. Nothtag oppaste. WIM ha part* 
IE ha forest si around. US$1 •500,000. 
Fax owner 33 (0)5 S3 40 63 32 . 

PROVENCE: Afl kinds d properties. 
Please ask tot Mrs Wagner. Agents 
Auqufer, F-84210 St Dkter. Tot +33 
(0)4 90 66 07 53 Fta (0)4 90 66 12 35 

SOUTHEAST * DROME SptartSd prop- 
oses avtobe tor sate h MnuMd corn- 
trade ot Drome. Ask tor doctnertattn. 
TwFac +33 (0)4 75 08 32 95 


French Riviera 

AJTBES. bordering see. toff, at- 
staring view. Wo + 2 batooms, part- 
tag. FF2M. Td: +33 (0)1 45 72 14 06 


PARC de SAINT THOPEt, on 9,000 
sqm. tanfarepud goods «ih UHKUE 
tew 0W ter, 5® sqm. MAN H0US£ 
nSKfng 8 betkaxipro baths + carefikv 

8R£S rwwt-* 


PARC de SAINT TROPEZ 
onWM sqm. tandscqed graft wSi 
IMQUE daw ova hay, 500 sqm. MAM 
IfflUSE reiudng B bertoomsfi brete + 
caretaker cottage. Swimming pool high 

WClfy Teffttc +33 ( 0)1 46 37 26 10 


Greece 

PRflffi PECE OF LAND 

(752 sqm.=0.752 stremma) located in 

the IMonirtka section d to kfcritipto- 


<y of Voula, jud TO Kiel from cento 
Athens and less than 3 mfiec from the 
Beasrte of the Saroritos gul, is aTai- 

abto for sala kimetflatof/ fay owner. THs 

tat is in a Ugly priced rasoartW area d 
His soutoesstom adutes d Atoeos and 
is sunuided by v«as oil condominium 
corotaes. The tot is factag 8 b access 
road and b net enclosed by tail propsr- 
ty. Ready tor your vHa to be bdUlPrice 


please contact owner ta the US: Tet 
301-6100364. FAX- 301-6WOM& 


DREAM PROPERTY ON BEACH 

15 mnrtes wddng dsiance from Fort 
Agiada (TatH Holday VSage). 6000 
sqm. with lots d trees, new house + 
wall around property. AUDSSOOflOO. 
Pfaasa contact • Tel- 61 66 8713 44. 
Fax: 61 66 8721 95 (Aislnfe) 


JERUSALEM. German colony, unque 
podnuse. 4, etevatar, patfdng. Di Varoi 
• Sari Tet 972^-5611627 

JERUSALEM. Genian colony, targe, 
unique. 3. garden, basement, parking. 
Di Verol - Sri Tet 972-2-5011627 

JBWSALEM. German atony. 4, tuni- 
ous. spacious, parting. Di Varei • Sad 
Tet 972-2-5611627 


VENICE APARTMENTS FDR SALE 
hom the shdo to B» Palazzo. let +36 
338 2715859, Far +39 41 523579a E- 
mal re^aimOtaUt 

VH6CE- APARTMENT 300 SQJL 
Cedidly located. USS 1.B mOon. 
Fs 39 S 58310943 Rons, laiy. 


London 

HOMESEARCH LONDON Let us 
seoch tor you. We find homes / Rau 
to buy aid rent and provide comafe 
relocation sendees. For todmduats 
and companies. Tet +44 171 B38 
1066 Fax + 44 171 838 1D77 
hip#wwwJ«im6S8anduxjjtff|!»i o 


Parts and Suburbs 


BID DE MONTMORENCY 

Prastyous tat : 7 rooms, 393 sqra, 
balcony & torn. 6ft fetor, enxpttanal 
wew, parting and stod room. 

Tet +33 (ml 40 B6 94 30 


BETWSI QPERABIDCK EXCHANGE 
& DROUOT, pntfgbB address potoa- 
Stanatfprfrato.testeBrdBcarated, abort 
100 sqm FSiTftB +33(0)1 402SJ9955 


Paris and Suburbs 


m-CHAmG DUPIEX 

1930 brttfng, 6ft fetor, devdor, 

116 sqra, open view, nice Mnq 
1 non, study, terrace, HGH CUSS. 
FF2 450 000. Tab 33(0)1 55 80 93 14 

IDEAL FOR EXECUTIVE & FAMILY, 
Napdeon B 9woro manstan +19fi cert 
gust bousa. Age in taresL 50m Pa* 
2500 sqil ffrt coocBiQQ, aHqufwt 
4 bedrooms. 3 fireptaces, 112 acre, nr 
sctmMm. Qdck sate 552SOTL Tat 
+33 (Q)l 34 86 36 l2Ffcx34 8B3613 

TTOCADBIO. duplex dodtle height tT 
tag room, mezzanine, 2 bedrooms, fuMy 
equipped Ucten, baftmom. shower 
room Oak floors, flreptocs, 106 sqm 
FF25500CC. Tet +33 P)1 44 26 40 65 
answering madtoe Fan 44 26 43 76 

ST GERMARI KS PRES. OWNER. 
Apertmarttiasctor, Swing wih flreptaca, 
bedroom, 2 WCs, cnslstbdy. roazzsnte 
condBigs. Tet an +33 (0)1 4637 0206. 

PARS 7tt CHAMP DE MARS B+OOfli 
IS sqm, 314 beacons + 100 sqm 
gaden FF820000a (D)i 45 04 05 04 

VERSAILLES, doractor Ixsse. hal, 4 
bedrooms, mates room Perfect co«B- 
toi ffll or ffiNT. (0)6 60 62 29 70 


USA Residential 


NYCfitTs EASTOd 4.5 Roans 

PANORAMIC CONDO VIEWS 

WUi 1350 square tea, INs sensational 


2 Bedroom 2.5 bath aparura 
Inpeccabta ta even way. Vm Mg 
ate 2 balconies. TOP BUIL 
Asks 5895 K. La* common charoa 
Uadi Hirsh 212461 - 7 I 85 

‘ DOUGLAS ELLMAN 


PALM BEACH, FLORIDA USA 

Pristine Adamic ocaartront estate siad 
on lha mod prestUas, pmaie & soudl 
after tocattoa Mfeues away from Kota 
Renowned Worth Avenue and Palm 
Beach Inlernationat Airport. U.S. 
SUOOOOOO. Corbet Carol M. Hoff 
PRtOENTlAL FLORIDA REALTY 
Tet 561-8639999 Rac 561-6049680 


SOUTH BEAOHfeAMI Uedtonanean 
iflb dose ta lie ocean. Main house ptae 
collage on fen tats. Fanasttc. 

Rudy Kaltemaa Streem&ne Properties. 
Tel 36 - 389-9635 rndyestranHnacora 

MANHATTAN. GUT REHAB ED Brown- 
stonB priced to sel at 5675 JOOQ. 5 apal- 
ments + gaage. Tet 7186296318 ISA 

NYC 1 BEDROOM KM)P MIDTOWN 
Fabdous cfly views, fif^ervice bldg, 
pod l gym S 150 K. 2124864845 . 

HHBECCA INfiOUE TOP 2 FLOORS 
Duptec. IMng Lofl 3800 sq tL S 1 . 1 M. 
Tet 2126666799 USA. 


USA Farms & Ranches 

THE GREATEST * MUHAMMAD ALTS 
J&ttgan term Serene S beertfei gated 
BO+acro river panhsrta 3 story home, 
office. 3 bams, terms, 3 ft £0 pooL ftfeal 
family toorporde (drsatepa 2 In. to 
CHcano, 20 minutos Sotfi Bend, ti ak- 
poLtMU Naita. Nadra 1 C Real Bute 
6184692090 Fax 6164696239 USA. 


Real Estate 
for Rent 

Hollmd 


RBflHOUSE KIBWA1DNAL 
NolkiHobte 

tor (semi) funfelied tosaaffitafe. 
Tet 31 - 2 D 6448751 Fax: 3 V 2 D 6 ^CS 
Ntnran 18 - 21, 1063 Am Anctaidam 


Holland 

HOMBMDBB INTI Herengiachi 141 
1015 rn Amsauam Td +31206382252 
Fax: 8382282 E+tfetwooftEtfadOfeuil 


JBUSALEM. Garoon Colony. Unqua 
penttnuse, 3, spadots, view, elevator, 
parking Di VaroS • Siani Tet 
972-2-5611627 


Paris Area Furnished 

Embassy Service 

YOUR REAL ESTATE 
AGENT IN PARE 
Teh 433 (0)1 47203005 


HOLIDAYS 

NIGHTLIFE 




DISCOUNT TRAVEL 



Paris Area Furnished 


•S' 

it: m 


toed atuj r w no dau on studo-5 bedroons 

Oua&v and sente assured 
READY TO HOVE H 
Td +33(0jt 431288® Fax (01143129605 


CLOSE LOIIVHE, Uy equaled shtfD. 
aietepotless ShorHong term. Owner 
Tet +33 10)142933867, lax (0)142614724 


International 
Herald Tribune 
ads work 


Paris Area Unfurnished 


NOILLY Slffl SENE * 

5 morns. 132 sjm. FrMSiS - Cforges. 
Cdar. patog Natty redans 
GFF: Tet 0149D2J560. 


AVENUE GEORGE V 

True reajaon. 2 tedrans. 
Fudbpartnj ?T 23 OM 
Tet +33 (0J1 47 05 as as 


Switzerland 


GENEVA, LUXURY FURNISHED apart- 
ment From sates Id 4 beseems Tf* 
+41 22 735 6320 Fax »41 22 735 2671 


FRANCE 


CENTRE OF NICE 

Brand new Apartments. 
19th century architecture 
& beautiful gardens 
for own use or letting, 
guaranteed rent available 

CONSOL PATRIMOINE 

Tel- +*3 1014 02 It 22 6^ 
Fax +■*? (014 07 ijoo 
•— french-real-estate.com 


NYC FURNISHED APARTMENTS. 1 
week id i veer u»ea Locmons CaU 
PSvfegu 2i:-iiS-S223. Fax 20- 
■MW12E E-UaJ artCTwmaeadcom 


GREAT BRITAIN 


Winter 
3 *S Break 

in London 

LowSeosun 

Rales Apply January-Morch. 

We ofler 2 1 IquiiaMUs nqipf! 
ftum 1-4 hcdrunm> 

Eich jfumius lu - j tulh J 

Lwcbcn.-mxpt+rti Mud 
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2+ hour m cptHiii « ilh U\ 
and Uundrv •snvhv 
Tlw pctlcvi Jlicnuinc Ii">»l 
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lotto ion. hnijdlL+hflitec Miiwbiw 
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GmJcn* i hr kIcj! home ihiti 
ftr rata end brochae pkaso contxt 
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Snow weekends at St. Moritz; 


( iioun i lights 


liit.sincss jet, on request - 
■ilK'iii [ leeemliei !'). l') v ) 7 


R4SJP0UWXE 


55. rue de Bassano 
75008 PARIS 
Tei: -33 (0)1 47 20 04 31 
or -33(0:1472006 53 
50 artists arid musicians 
Tziganes and baia aikas 
BOOK FOR CHRISTMAS EVE. 
NEW YEARS EVE A N D | 
THE RUSSIAN NEW YEAR | 
JANUARY 13 



THREE CHARMING 
PARISIAN HOTELS 
EACH WITH A COURTYARD 


(.1 M V\ 

LI. : 1022)7170100 
Ijn : (022 : 71 “Di o' 

lip:.'-' wmv.atfiliHsiliJi-h ttiCJm 


TRAVEL AGENCY 


SELECTION CROISIERES IS PROPOSLNG 
TWO CRLUSES on board of the “AZUR“ 
CANARIES ISLANDS 
NICE/NICE 

from lanujry 7 until January 1 r . 199y 

CANARIES ISLANDS / MADEIRA 

NICE/NICE 

From January 1 " until Januar\- 2K. 1998 
' — PRICE PER PERSON — 

Inside cabin starting from: FF 4,000 
Outside cabin starting from: FF5.000 
DOCUMENTATION & RESERVATION 
TeLi *33 (o) 1 42 26 42 42 


Bed & Breakfasts 


MANHATTAN LODGINGS, NYC. Short 
stay krxury apartments, superior BAB 
isgisiry, many locations. 
Tte 212-475-2090 Far 212-477-0420 
wwwjiBiftaaantadgngsxaii 


Lebanon 


HOTEL AL BUSTAN. East Ol Beirut 
5 star detaxe. Bicepttoial tocrtkxi, sacu- 
rtty, cohort, One atene, conventions, 
btsinass seretss, salettte TV. 18 mm 
transfer from airport free. l/TBL Fax: 
(961) 4-972438 I (+33) (0)1-47200007 


Holiday Rentals 


Caribbean 


ST. BACTIELEMY, F.WJ- OVER 200 
PRIVATE VACATION VILLAS - beach- 
Irani to bffistoe wth ports. Our agents 
have hspecled all vilas posonafly. For 
resereakre on SL Berts. SL Uaitta. An- 
gtfta. Botedos, Uatkia. Neve. Saba. 


fee Virata totes.. Call WiMCOff 
SIBARTH - U.S. (40 1)849-801 2/fax 
847-6290. from FRANCE 0800 90 16 20- 
ENdAND 9609696318 


Paris £ Suburbs 


FOR CHRISTMAS: Baser than a hotel! 
Exceptional 55 sqm. Art on Rrt Neuf. 
uiuvferflsrSHa. 5800M. «dud- 
tag ynertctasvnq Tet +33(0)142482511 





HOTEL DE L’ABBAYE 

Saint-Germain A 

10 , me Cassette, 75006 Pans JL 
TeL +33{D) 1 45.4438.11 
Fax: +33(0) 1 45.48.07.86 
Internet httpy/www. HoteFabbaye4m.com 
E-mail: Hotaltobbayeewanadoo.rr 
An iSIh century lowhouw taeiiacL-n 
courtyard and gaidtm oltenng a relnt?d 
mixiure of liartfon and modem comfort 
in the heart ot the lashionjfle Lett 
Bank quarter. 46 rooms, 4 ul wln-Ji are 
suites with pnvaie ferraces 

SELECT HOTEL 

1 pL de la Sorbonne ,/ 

75005 Paris Z'.Y 

TeL: +33(0) 1 46.34.14 M v ' ' 

Ffex: +33(0) 1463451.79 
E+nafl:SelecLHotet#fvanadoaJr 
Comemporary elegance m the heart 
of Ihe Latin Quarter. 67 rooms + i 
duplex suite offering ihe perfecr mu 
of modem comfort and Old World 
charm. The-intenor gatdon and 
fountains add a soothing touch lo 
this special holel. 

UNION HOTEL ETOILE 

44, rue Hamefin. , \W ■' . 

75016 Paris 

TeL: +33(0) 14153.1435 ^ WTO 
Fax: +33(0) 147 55 94 79 
42 large, preily rooms and 
residential apartments overlooking a 
private garden on a small, calm 
street near Etoile. The perfect spot 
for business, entertainmeni and 
Shopping. Private bar. Excell cm 
s&nrice. 


AIRPORT SERVICES 

WOB A1BP08T SESVBE 

AkporrChnfes de Goufle and Orly 
Tte "Sune SmtcS*: 
low a» anr-KHtaa site Sewce 
IheTWLP.' Sente 
Ft* ion pAue imiW fc and lun tv 
tesewfecn «Msku 


Teb+mmi 49 82 78 78 
Fat:+33(ti}l 48 B2 78 78 
Marta Mtoftolr 


HOTELS 

fHOTEUiTfnffNTfilSE*** = 

SUPfcHB HOTEL welsriuated on ihe 
pete in Merfeef MrtlareL Very attrac- 
nve price offers, including aH ndu&rve 
ski packages. Excellent restaurant 
with chore of gaslronomjc cuisine 
Groat Holiday ! 

Call to book now on 
Tsr.: +33 (O) 4 79 OO 42 43 
SS Fax: +33 (O) 4 78 00 46 99 =si 




RECRUITMENT 


GENERAL 




rr 3.-* - - %mir 




..rt.— ' •• • , 

: 7 ._ 


You will find below o selection of employmenfdflers published in losl Monday's International Herald Tribune 
For a copy of last Monday's paper, please contact Sarah Wershof, London: 44 1 71 4200326 


Regional Sales 
& Marketing Manager 


Estet Lauder 


Director, Diviaon 
of External Relations 


Intemational/Regional 

Saks 


Int’l Atomic 
Energy Agency 


World Space 


Research & Development 

Scientist 


institut Pasteur 



Int. CoiwultingCoin 
Petroleum Engineering 


Chief, 

Child Development 
and nutrition 



Sue Rout 

Estee Lauder Companies 
71/73 Grosvenor Street 
London WIX 0BH 
Tel.: +44 171 409 6897 


Vacancy Notice 97/051 
Division of Personnel 
P.O. Box 100, Wagramerstrasse 5 
A-1400 Vienna, Austria 


Human Resources, Dept. TAN/IHT 1215 
2400 N Street, NW, 
Washington, DC 20037 
Fax: (202)969-6875 
E-mail: job6mfo@worldspace.com 
www. woridspace. com 


Reerutement et Ca/rieres 
28, rue du Docteur-Roux, 
75724 Paris Cedex 15 - France 


The Manager, Dept LHT-002 
PO Box 570728-253 Houston , 
Texas 77257 
Fax: 713/961-3845 USA 
e-mail: 75102. 1570dcompnserve.com 


Ref: VN-97-217 

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PAGE 8 


FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 

EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


nmusHF.o wmi tub new mat t imks and the wAsamcrox post 


Forward on Trade 


With Asia in economic distress and 
the United States of two minds about 
trade, the chances of backsliding to- 
.ward world protectionism cannot be 
discounted. Turning inward helped 
make a bad situation worse in the 
1930s, plunging the world into depres- 
sion. So it is doubly encouraging that 
most of the world's nations still seem to 
understand that their future prosperity 
depends on openness and integration. 

Thai was die message last wok when 
102 countries approved a treaty to lib- 
eralize trade and investment in financial 
services. Years in the negotiating, the 
treaty applies to banking, insurance, 
securities and financial dam companies. 
In these sectors the U.S. economy 
already is wide open, and U.S. compa- 
nies lead the world, but other nations 
have long sought to exclude U.S. firms. 
'Now nations representing 95 percent of 
the world market have pledged to lib- 
eralize — not all at once, not all equally, 
but most to a substantial degree. 

This is good for U.S. firms, obvi- 
ously . but also for the countries that will 
open their markets. Poor countries need 
investment capital to grow, and even 
countries with high savings rates often 
lack, as we have seen recently in Asia, 
the financial institutions to channel 
those savings most efficiently. Opening 
their markets to competition will give 
them such institutions while giving ' 
confidence to foreign investors. 

Not that all these nations welcomed 
liberalization; far from iL Trade Rep- 
resentative Charlene Barshefsky and 
other U.S. officials pressed for years to 
reach this point, including walking 
away from an inadequate deal two 
years ago and being severely criticized 
for so doing. The current financial 
crisis in Asia helped produce an agree- 
ment, as nations realized that they 


could not afford to look' indifferent to 
international capital. 

Was there an element of bullying, of 
pressuring these nations when they 
were most vulnerable? Unquestionably. 
But to the extent that anyone is hurt by 
this market-opening, it is die crony 
capitalists who got rich behind trade 
barriers while depriving their country- - 
men of the foil measure of economic 
growth that their labor and savings en- 
titled them to. And the philosophy of 
this agreement in no way prevents any 
nation from regulating its markets as 
strictly and prudently as it wants; gov- 
ernments simply have to apply the same 
rules to local firms as to foreign ones. 

This agreement on financial services 
completes a “triple play” of trade 
deals within the past year on the eco- 
nomic infrastructure of the 21st cen- 
tury: information technology, telecotn- 
“munications and now financial ser- 
vices. Does this mean that anxieties 
about economic globalization, as ex- 
pressed so recently in President Bill 
Clinton’s failure to win fast-track trade 
negotiating authority from Congress, 
have evaporated? Hardly. This par- 
ticular agreement requires no changes 
in U.S. laws and no congressional ap- 
proval, but in other areas foe battles 
certainly will continue. 

In America and abroad, there is le- 
gitimate concern about loss of control 
over traditionally national issues, about 
those who lose out as trade expands and 
about other trade-related problems. 
Policymakers will have to come, to 
terms with those concerns. Bat such 
problems pale next to what might result 
from putting up barriers and reversing 
the momentum toward open trade. The 
financial services deal reflects an abid- 
ing understanding of that truth. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Turkey in Distress 


Changes to Make 

Turkey is a large, important nation 
on the hinge, geographically and cul- 
turally, between Europe and Asia. 
Now it threatens to come undone on its 
European side, marooning secular 
Westernizing modernizers and invit- 
ing a grave imbalance on the Asian- 
Islamic side. This is bad news, and not 
only for foe Turks, who urgently need 
to rescue their policy before it spins 
entirely out of control. 

The immediate trigger is foe Euro- 
pean Union's fiat rejection of Turkish 
membership. An emotional Prime 
Minister Mesut Yilmaz explains it as 
.an expression of Christian Europe’s 
racism directed at Muslim Turkey. 
Some in Europe do question how Euro- 
pean the Turn can ever be. Still, for 
years the EU has made clear what the 
Turks would have to do on human 
rights, the Kurdish minority tragedy, 
Aegean issues bearing on Greece, and 
Cyprus. Turkey lagged and in the pinch 
simply warned that its exclusion would 
endanger foe EU. Predictably, the EU 
barred the door. 

In the heat of the moment, foe Turks 
now declare that they will turn their 
back on Europe and firm up ties with 
alternative partners in the United 
States. Russia, Israel and the Turkic 

Europe Is Wrong 

The European Union erred tills week 
by rebuffing Turkey’s long-standing 
membership application for poorly dis- 
guised reasons of ethnic ana religious 
prejudice. Turks are right to be angered 
by a decision that had as much to do 
with historic Greek antipathy, German 
objections to Turkish immigrants and a 
parochial vision of Europe os it did 
with Turkey's real but solvable human 
rights problems. 

Ankara’s response has been to shift 
its hopes and attention to Washington. 
President Bill Clinton should welcome 
the initiative during a meeting this Fri- 
day with Mesur Yilmaz, the Turkish 
prime minister. But Mr. Clinton must 
remind Mr. Yilmaz that being part of 
the West requires honoring western 
values. In Turkey’s case that means 
curbing the military's role in politics, 
respecting the rights of the Kurdish 
minority and ending the imprisonment 
of parliamentarians, journalists, artists 
and ordinary citizens for free speech 
and political advocacy. 

Turkey is a troubled but vigorous 
Muslim society committed to foe West, 
and a proven American ally in a tense 


states of foe Caucasus and Central 
Asia. Of this list, Israel is perhaps the 
most available, but, as Turkey should 
know from Islamic criticism of its ex- 
isting Israeli tie, ooly at a price. 

The other imagined connections 
also come with high prices. Is Turkey 
to quit NATO for a bilateral American 
security commitment? A joke. To dis- 
pense with its 60 percent reliance on 
the European market? Hardly. Russia 
has its own historic designs. 

The United States has always coun- 
ted on Europe to carry the external 
burden of Westernizing Turkey. The 
internal burden is, of course, Turkey’s. 
The xenophobia now bubbling in foe 
country can take it to no good end. 

EU membership was the prize the 
United States had m mind for a Turkish 
relaxation on Cyprus. Now that pro- 
spect is dead, at least until the Turks 
can run-through their rage and put 
themselves back into a realistic mood 
with a serious government. 

None of foe requirements on Turk- 
ish maturity is easy. But none is be- 
yond reach, either. Even then, Ankara 
will need abundant and responsible 
encouragement from the- Europeans, 
not least from its regional rival Greece 
and its impatient patron Germany, and 
from the United States. In foe end, 
Turkey must be part of Europe. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


region. For years it helped defend 
NATO’s front line with foe Soviet Un- 
ion. More recently it has served as an 
indispensable ally against Iraq, and has 
expanded its military cooperation with 
Israel For those reasons, Turkey war- 
rants American gratitude and support. 

But Turkey also has serious prob- 
lems. Its brutal military campaign 
against an aimed Kurdish separatist 
movement and the harsh punishment 
imposed on those who publicly crit- 
icize that campaign are at foe heart of 
Turkey’s human rights problems. The 
United States should use its close ties 
with Turkish military leaders to seek 
modification of the methods used in the 
Kurdish war. Turkish democracy also 
suffers from corruption among its sec- 
ular parties, radical fundamentalist 
strains within the Islamic-oriented 
Welfare Party and a pattern of military 
dictation to elected leaders. Pending 
court action to ban the Welfare Party 
would weaken democracy further. 

America should do what it can to 
help Turkey build a better relationship 
with Europe and secure its future with 
foe West But those worthy goals can be 
achieved only if Turkish leaders look 
more critically at their own problems. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 



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Make Common Cause Against the Microbe Hordes 


N EW YORK — A new strain of 
viral flu that has been mysteri- 
ously transmitted from chickens to hu- 
mans was reported recently in southern 
China. Last month, a new strain of 
tuberculosis, resistant to foe usual an- 
tibiotics, was discovered in Africa. A 
couple of years back, the Ebola virus 
spread op foe Congo River and as far as 
Europe before it was contained. 

Once such outbreaks might have 
been considered local threats. Today, 
with millions of people crossing bor- 
ders and with packed jumbo jets tra- 
versing foe globe in hours, foe microbe 
hordes are on the march. 

As this century of vast medical ad- 
vances closes, a major new global se- 
curity challenge looms; defense 
against migrating microbes that have 
evolved to resist foe very t reatm ents 
foarprotected us in foe past 
The first half of foe 20th century was 
marked by extraordinary progress in 
medicine. In foe United-States. the av- 
erage life span rose from 47 years in 
1900 to 68 in 1950. (It has now reached 
76.) Most of foe early rise in life span 


Vaccines and antibiotics 
fostered a sense that 
the human race had 
conquered the microbes. 


was credited to the abatement of 
infectious disease, such as the great 
influenza pandemic of 1918, which 
claimed 20 milli on lives worldwide. 

Rapid scientific progress followed 
the great discoveries of Louis Pasteur 
and Robert Koch, legendary microbe 
hunters of foe 19fo century. Their in- 
sights into germs as foe agents of dis- 
ease opened the door to the devel- 
opment of vaccines and antibiotics. 

Equally important was foe introduc- 
tion of hygiene — dean hands; prop- 
erly washed, r efri ge rated and cooked 


By Joshua Lederberg 

food; pasteurized milk; protected water 
supplies; general improvements in 
housing and nutrition. 

And then in foe mid-1950s, new polio 
vaccines and antibiotic wonder drugs 
fostered a triumphant, sense that foe hu- 
man race had conquered foe microbes. 

Medical science next turned to foe 
challenges of degenerative diseases, 
both those intrinsic to foe human body 
and those aggravated by chemical pol- 
lution. Heart disease and cancer topped 
the Hst of mortal ills; lifestyle, rather 
than sanitation, became a greater pre- 
occupation. Physical fitness meant ex- 
ercise, rather than soap and water. 

, By 1980, foe Woijd Health Orga- 
nization announced foe global eradic- 
ation of smallpox. This was certainly a 
historic high point in in ternational col- 
laboration for a h umanitari an objective, 
and it would save billions in the future 
expense of prophylactic vaccination. 

But at the same time, we were at the 
brink of identifying a peculiar new 
form of immunodeficiency disease that 
appeared to cluster in groups of ho- 
mosexual men. HIV and AIDS had 
burst on the scene. 

It took some time before HIV was 
recognized as a new farm of infection. 
The happenstance that other retrovir- 
uses had long been srndied as lab- 
oratory curiosities, inducing sarcoma 
cancers in fowl accelerated foe re- 
cognition of HIV as a new retrovirus. 

Since 1981, HIV has established it- 
self in every comer of the world, and 
the end is hardly in sight bar the dev- 
astation it has wreaked. Vaccines are a 
distant vision; foe innovative protease 
inhib itor drugs offer a welcome respite, 
but not a permanent cure. Resistant 
strains of HIV are already emerging. 

While this race against AIDS pro- 
ceeds, other strains of HIV are being 
identified in Southeast Asia that seem 
more susceptible to heterosexual trans- 
mission and thus more likely to break 


out of foe established high-risk groups. 

Despite the anguish and notoriety 
associated with HIV, it is hardly foe 
worst killer. Pride of place goes to 
tuberculosis and mosquito-borne mal- 
aria. We are accustomed to think that 
these are relics of Third Worid poverty, 
but dmg resistance is becoming a major 
problem in the management of these 
diseases. 

Aircraft cabins have already been 
designated hazardous vessels for the 
t ransmiss ion of tuberculosis, and we 
hardly dare examine the air of crowded 
public places, such as subways and 
train terminals. I am not aware that 
these are ever monitored; and encoun- 
ters are not likely to be remembered. 
The past two decades have seen foe 


What is going on? What does it 
portend? What is to be done7 Microbes 
hive proved to be moving targets, .in- 
cessant in their genetic evolution, adept 
at finding niches in our own aimer. 

Their genetic plasticity is awesome, 
mainly because of foe immensity of 
their cell populations. A Single afflic- 
ted victim may harbor billions, u not 
trillions, of infectious particles, all sub- 
ject to Darwinian selecnonfor the most 
Sept genetic variants. They posses 
xpechanisms of genic flexibility .and 
cross-breeding chat stagger the ima- 
gination. Their generation tune is 
measured in minutes. 

It has been ever thus. We should 
recall that most animal species undergo 
periodic population fluctuations owing 

rfcir mav umlLwiDC Gilt S 


UK iwu wmuw uuw f — s nnll.univ rtilt fl 

discovery of more than a score of pro- to dlsease f 1 \$e have 
viously unknown infectious diseases. It quarter of hk- 

would take a textbook to enumerate snffered tius ^ t t0 

them, but they include some mem- tory but have lately bemaccustomed to 
- - ' a sense of invulnerability. 

That sense is being shattered by new 

realities. While our technology offers 
many wonderful remedies and promises 
many more, it has also given us foe jet 
airplane, stratified economic affluence 
and a burgeoning world population, all 
eagerly welcomed by die microbes as 
providing major hosts to feed on. 

The simple key to our security is the 
recognition that tiw human species has 
an indivisible common cause in de- 
fense against the microbial hordes, ff 
but apply our technology 


orable scares of the recent past from 

Microbes have genic 
flexibility that staggers 
the imagination. 

Ebola, hanta and hepatitis C and £ 
viruses to staphylococcal “toxic 
shock” and legioncUa. or Legion- 
naires’ disease bacteria and protozoa. 
Most of these are probably old neigh- 
beau. What is new is our recognition of 
their prevalence, often because of 
fierce outbreaks. 

In addition, we face antibiotic-re- 


we 


worldwide to surveillance, immuniz- 
ation, the prudent use and dissemin- 
ation of new antibiotics and the pro- 
motion of health-saving behavior, our 


sistant strains of any number of palho- ■ wits can go a long way to matching foe 
gens. The ones of greatest consequence machinations of microbes constantly 
today are probably multiple-drug-res- evolving genes, 
istant pneumonia, staphylococci tu- . , , . . fOC o 

berculosis a nd malaria. The writer, a. Nobel laureate in I y. .8 

Finally , we Have resurgence of old at age 33 for pioneering work on the 
familiars like Hwigne, meningitis, yel- genetic mutation of bacteria, is a 
low fever, plague, cholera and diph- former president of Rockefeller Um- 
tfaeria, with outbreaks in various parts of versify in New York. He contnhutea 
foe world mostly associated with break- this comment to Global Viewpoint (Los 

down of public health precautions. Angeles Times Syndicate). 


S INGAPORE — The eco- 
nomic crisis in East Asia 
started in T hailand in July. 
Since then, it has spread to In- 
donesia, Malaysia and South 
Korea. In- foe past five months 
there has been a torrent of re- 
ports, analyses and commentar- 
ies by Western journalists and 
scholars. Some were extremely 
good. The majority, however, 
have tended to perpetuate cer- 
tain stereotypes and myths 
about foe region. 

First, East Asia is often re- 
ferred to as a monolith. The im- 
pression given is that foe whole 
region is in a state of crisis. The 
fact that the economies of Hong 
Kong, Singapore. Taiwan, Chi- 
na and foe Philippines have not 
been blown over by foe typhoon 
is overlooked. The image fre- 
quently projected is that of a row 
of fallen dominoes. 

Second, foe repeats seem to 
imply that this is foe first eco- 
nomic crisis that the “tiger” 
economies of Southeast Asia 
have confronted. In fact, a sim- 
ilar crisis occurred in 1984- 


By Tommy Koh 


1985. The Southeast Asian 
economies responded by put- 
ting their finanriai houses in 
order, improving their compet- 
itiveness and accelerating lib- 
eralization. Within two years, 
they recovered. 

Third, the economic crisis is 
often described as an Asian vi- 
rus. The ailment is in fact not 
uniquely Asian at all. It has af- 
fected economies at different 
times in all regions of the world, 
including foe United States. 

I lived in America during foe 
1980s when it faced a similar- 
situation resulting from the col- 
lapse of foe savings and loan 
industry and an oversupply of 
real estate. 

Fourth, some columnists 
have attributed foe crisis to the 
absence of democracy in East 
Asia. The argument seems to be 
that if foe region had more de- 
mocracy, foe crisis would not 
have happened. There is in fact 
no empirical evidence to sup- 
port such a proposition. 


After aU, Thailand, Malaysia 
and South Korea are democra- 
cies. In recent years, several 
Western democracies, including 
Britain, have experienced sim- 
ilar problems, which resulted in 
devaluation of their currencies. 
The truth is that there is no cor- 
relation between democracy and 
good financial management. 

Fifth, another often repeated 
it is that the problems in 
t Asia show that foe concept 
of Asian values is without mer- 
it The bashers of Asian values 
seem to forget that Singapore, 
one of the champions of such 
values, has suffered less than 
most of its neighbors. If foe 
crisis were due to foe pernicious 
influence of Asian values, 
Singapore's economy should 
have been die first to collapse. 

Sixth, it is said that East Asia 
should have heeded foe early 
warnings of such venerable in- 
stitutions as the Internati onal 

Monetary Fund- The facts are 
quite foe opposite. In its 1997 


annual report the IMF welcomed 
Korea's “continued impressive 
macroeconomic performance” 
and praised foe authorities ‘Tor 
their enviable fiscal record.” 

- In foe same report, the IMF 
strongly praised Thailand's 
“remarkable economic perfor- 
mance and foe authorities’ con- 
sistent record of sound macro- 
economic policies.” 

The truth is that the crisis 
caught everyone, including foe 
IMF. by surprise. No one ex- 
pected the ferocity of foe mar- 
ket’s ' reaction to Thailand’s 
■problems or foe severity of the 
consequent contagion meet on 
other economies which are 
healthier than Thailand ’s. 

Seventh, East Asia's troubles 
are said to spell foe end of the 
region’s economic miracle. I do 
□ot underestimate foe enormity 
of foe challenges faced by some 
of foe economies. They need to 
pursue sound macroeconomic 
and fiscal policies, clean up 
their banking systems, intro- 
duce greater transparency, 
eliminate cronyism, and im- 


Long-Term Strengths, but Sweat and Worries for Now 


W ASHINGTON — Mak- 
ing tough decisions is 
never easy for democratic gov- 
ernments, particularly when 
past successful policies have 
created strong vested interests. 
However, foe unavoidable need 
for action seems finally to be 
taking hold in East Asia. 

In Japan on Wednesday, 
Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashi- 
moto bowed to reality and ac- 
cepted the need to stimulate rite 
economy. 

In South Korea, foe continu- 
ing collapse of foe won per- 
suaded the three presidential 
candidates to agree formally last 
weekend to support an IMF 
loans-for-reform p rog ra m. The 
government announced that five 
more merchant banks would be 
, one major commer- 
bank sold to overseas in- 
terests. foe currency allowed to 
float, the domestic interest ceil- 
ing raised, and rules for mergers 
and acquisitions eased. 

Four months after its IMF 
package was announced, Thai- 
land bit foe bullet recently and 
closed 56 finance companies so 
that it would get the next in- 
stallment of its IMF loan. 

In Indonesia, foe central bank 
governor, Sudradjad Djiwan- 
dono, acknowledged that the fi- 
nancial sector's problems were 
worse than expected and said the 
government would push ahead 
with reform and further consol- 
idation in foe financial sector. 

Malaysia annnnnraH a tough 
austerity plan last week. It 
tightened credit, cot government 
spending and lowered growth 
targets. That amounts to an IMF 
program without the IMF. 

Another indication of realism 
was the joint statement from an 
informal summit of the Asso- 
ciation of South East Asian Na- 
tions in Kuala Lumpur this 
week. The ASEAN leaders did 
not blame outside forces or trum- 
pet Asian values or models. 

They matte the necessary 
statements about the importance 
of sound economic ftmdament- 


By Douglas H. Faal and David G. Brown 


als, financial transparency, mul- 
tilateral cooperation and sup- 
port for foe IMF. and they 
appealed fra; greater help from 
the international community. 

Malaysia's Prime Minister 
Mahathir bin Mohamad said he 
had learned to hold his tongue, 
foe financial crisis could not 
just be blamed on speculators 
and ASEAN needed to get its 
own bouse in order. 

> This good news does not 
mean that East Asia is out of foe 
woods. Far from ft. 

The- poor health of Indone- 
sia’s President Suharto, made 
evident by his failure to attend 
the ASEAN summit, sent foe 
rupiah and foe Jakarta stock 
market into a further fall Con- 
cern about foe political succes- 
sion in Jakarta will be a source 
of uncertainty in the run-up to a 
presidential election in March. 

Now that the rupiah has 
fallen so much in value against 
the dollar, virtually every major 
Indonesian company is insol- 
vent because of extensive for- 
eign currency borrowings. 

Succession concerns also be- 
devil the Philippines. No sooner 
had President Fidel Ramos 
anointed House Speaker Jos£ de 
Venecia as his party’s candidate 
for foe presidency in 1998 fojm 
former Defense Minis ter Res- 
ale de Villa quit foe party to run 
separately. All this divides foe 
governing party’s base and 
leaves Vice President Joseph 
Estrada, a populist whose com- 
mitment to economic reforms is 
in question, still in the lead in 
early polls. 


Letters intended for publi- 
cation should be addressed 
“ Letters to the Editor ” and 
contain the writer’s signature, 
name and full address. Letters 
should be brief and are subject 
to editing. We cannot be re- 
sponsible for the return if un- 
solicited manuscripts. 


The outcome of South 
Korea's presidential election 
could provide a new job to foe 
market, particularly if foe win- 
ner does not immediately mar- 
shal a nationwide display of 
government, corporate and 
labor resolve to reassure mar- 
kets of Korean commitment to 
implement the IMF package. 

South Korea will face anoth- 
er test next week when foe Na- 
tional Assembly meets to re- 
consider long-delayed financial 
reform bills, whose passage is a 
condition for receiving the next 
installment of IMF aid. 

Korean legislators are still 
seriously considering revising 
the financial reform that mak-p-g 
bank account holders use theft- 
own names, not those of nom- 
inees. ff foe reform is gutted, 
this would be a step away from 
transparency and send another 
negative signal to markets. 

So South Korea may be 
headed fra- another beating in 
foe marketplace, and possible 
default, in the absence of an 
early show of determination to 
fix foe system. 

While markets have played 
foe central role in foe unfolding 

financial t urmo il In East Asia, 

governments have not beat foe 
powerless bystanders that some 
reared. To be sure, foe crisis has 
elicited more than foe usual 
number of ill-considered and 
counterproductive statements. 
Xenophobic comments raised 
foe specter of narrow, protec- 
tionist responses. 

Bnt despite divergent views 
and conflicting interests, most 
governments, working collec- 
tively and through multilateral 
institutions, have acted re- 
sponsibly. Their actions have 
gone weft beyond the three IMF 
rescue packages for Thailand, 
Indonesia and South Korea. 

Markets have responded pos- 
itively in the short term to foe 
steps taken in Tokyo, Seoul and 
Kuala Lumpur. However, ft is 


too early to say that the comer 
has been turned toward recov- 
ery. Some of Seoul’s remedies 
smack of election eve tactics. A 
long process of pain, recovery 
and uncertainties lies ahead. 

StUL currencies have been 
driven to levels where they ap- 
pear undervalued. With barriers 
coming down as a result of do- 
mestic ref cam or IMF fiat, big 
new investment opportunities 
are opening. Some companies 
are moving to take advantage of 
these possibilities, but are look- 
ing first for foe be ginning of a 
restoration of confidence in the 
banking community. 

In the loog run, many eco- 
nomic fundamentals remain 
strong. These include generally 
conservative fiscal policies, 
openness to foreign investment, 
declining tariffs and trade bar- 
riers, well educated and hard 


working populations, high do- 
mestic savings rates, and strong 
entrepreneurial skills. These 
. long-term strengths remain val- 
id and should not be obscured 
by the financial problems that 
the regioa is experiencing and 
will in time overcome. 

Meanwhile, however, die 
political costs of the economic 
adjustments have yet to be felt 
The aftershocks of scheduled 
elections and par liamentar y de- 
bates could be severe, affecti 
both the regional and the glol 
economy. 


Mr. Paal is president and Mr. 
Broun senior associate at the 
Asia Pacific Policy Center. Both 
are former senior US. officials 
who specialized in Asian af- 
fairs. They contributed this 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. 


TN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Fogbound Paris 

PARIS — During nearly the 
whole of yesterday [Dec. 18J 
rate half of Paris was wrapped 
in a dense fog. The fog was foe 
thickest which Pa risians have 

experienced for many years 

so thick that at night the police 
had to be provided with torches 
at those parts of foe city where 
foe traffic was likely to be most 
crowded. In addition to the om- 
nibuses which skirt the Seine 
being practically stopped, foe 
river boat service was im- 
possible during the whole day. 

1922: ‘Class War’ 

MOSCOW — The murder of 
foe Polish President is regarded 
here as a symptom. The 
“Pravda” says: “Beaten at the 
polls, tiie bourgeois are resort- 
ing to violence and civil war 
bating Socialist Deputies and 
wrecking Labor newspapers. 
Now comes a class war, anait is 

f 


absolutely necessary that the 
proletariat arm against foe bour- 
geois onslaught Capitalist re- 
action will arouse revolutionary 
activity among foe workers, 
whose worst experiences are 
still in front of them, but who 
wdl conquer, like foe Russians, 
whose troubles are past” 

1947; American Gifts 

PARIS — President Vincent 
Aunol thanked the people of the 
United States for their dona- 



- — -f-vu ui uit rich 

idence. President / 

‘The gifts you have 
will relieve much 
will bring joy to tj 
homes. ” Almost 4, 
food arrived at Ha 
foe United States Li 
jean Leader, rechr 


i 




In Fact, East Asia Is Diverse, Resilient and Unstoppable 


prove their competitiveness. 
But most East Asian economies 
have strong fundamentals. 

Their budgets are in surplus. 
They have high rates of saving 
and investment. Education ami 
training are emphasized. Infla- 
tion is low. -The work ethic is 
strong. According to the 1998 
Index of Economic Freedom, 
Hong Kong and Singapore are 
foe two most open economies 
in foe world. 

I have no doubt that after a 
period of adjustment, which 
may take two to three years. 
East Asia will bounce back, 
stronger, more disciplined, 
more transparent and more 
competitive. The rise of East 
Asia in foe world economy has 
suffered a temporary setback 
but is unstoppable. 


The writer, a former Singa- 
pore ambassador to the United 
States, is executive director of 
the Asia-Europe Foundation in 
Singapore. He contributed tftis 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. 


I 


- will 

kden with Amerii 
all parts of France. 


I; 

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iii«l l nsloppal 




RACE 9 


Equality, Achievement 
And Striking a Balance 


By E.J. Dionne Jr. 


OPINION /LETTERS 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Making Little Materialists: 
What Happened to Santa? 


Bv Ellen Goodman 


* » standard fare in every con- 
versation about affirmative ac- 
tion: Somebody notes that if you 
refer to “affirmative action" in a 
px>U, people say they're for it But 
if you refer to a program that uses 
preferences or 4 ‘quotas,’ ’ 
people say they’re against iu 
This is interpreted as showing 
how easily public opinion is ma- 
nipulated. Here is an alternative 
view: People know exactly what 
% they ’re saying. They seek a society 

y that recognizes hard work, striving 

and merit. They also care about 
fairness and know that racism and 
economic disadvantage deprive 
many of a fair start in life. 

There is no contradiction here. 
Many years ago, the sociologist 
Seymour Martin Lipsei recog- 
nized that the American character 
was marked by two central ideas: 
equality and achievement. Each 
conditions the other. Because we 
Americans believe in achieve- 
ment, we reject the sort of equality 
that levels everyone to the same 
set of rewards and income. 

But our belief in achievement 
is tempered, in turn, by our belief 
inequality. Araericansdon’i think 
that high achievers should lord it 
i over everyone else, or that kids 
should be damaged just because 
their parents achieve less than 
others, or that social status should 
be linked to income or inherited 
position. 

Nor do we believe that a single 
failure in life ought to block 
someone forever from having an- 
other shot at greatness. We love 
underdogs as well as winners. 

Putting these ideas together is a 
central Task for President Bill 
Clinton's race initiative — and for 
those who want to save some form 
of affirmative action. 

The president got a little testy at 
his news conference Tuesday when 
he was grilled on how well the 
initiative was going. He should be 
\ grateful he was challenged to ar- 
* ticulate a mandate for his race com- 
mission that has so far eluded it 
Mr. Clinton noted that the af- 
firmative action debate as it relates 
to college admissions is focused on 
whether standardized tests, such as 
the SAT. should be the main de- 
terminant of who gets in and who 
is left out. SAT scores are taken as 
synonymous with "merit.” 

It’s true that SAT scores are not 
a bad predictor of success in col- 


lege. But, as Mr. Clinton said, they 
are “not a perfect predictor.” 

The president made the key 
point just in passing. He men- 
tioned a new Texas law requiring 
that the top 10 percent of every 
high school graduating class in the 
state be admitted automatically to 
Ihe University of Texas or some 
other college in the Texas system. 

The law was pushed by Latino 
and African-American legislators 
after die university’s affirmative 
action program was ruled uncon- 
stitutional. 

The great strength of the "10 
percent plan,” as the University 
of Texas law professors William 
Forbath and Gerald Tones argue 
in the current issue of TTie Nation 
magazine, is that it embodies "a 
standard of merit even more 
deeply rooted than the SATs: 
working hard, getting good grades 
and doing very well what’s ex- 
pected of you.” 

It also "provides a powerful 
new incentive to students whose 
horizons have been unfairly nar- 
rowed by class: Work hard and 
you can go to UT." 

The irony is thar patterns of res- 
idential segregation mean that the 
plan will benefit black and Latino 
students without using any racial 
criteria at alL In many schools, 
every member of the top 10 per- . 
cent will be black or Latino. 

Mr. Forbath and Mr. Tones 
quote the historian David Mon- 
tejano, who notes that "this law is 
colorblind, but it uses our bitter 
history of segregation to promote 
diversity.” 

The Texas law is not a cure-all 
Being at the top of your class in a 
bad school does not guarantee 
success in college. Affirmative 
action at the college level is no 
substitute for fixing elementary 
and high schools. 

The law could also hurt highly 
qualified Texas kids who happen to 
go to good high schools. Mr. For- 
bath and Mr. Torres also note this 
law does not address affirmative 
action for postgraduate education. 

But the 10 percent plan is a big 
start in getting us to think along 


with some creative thinking we 
can advance on both fronts. . 

Washington Post Writers Croup. 


Europe and U.S. Culture 

Regarding “Cinema Viriit in 
Europe: Rejecting U.S. Culture” 
f Opinion , Dec. 16) by Richard 
Pells: 

Mr. Pells, in his analysis of why 
European young people are re- 
jecting U.S. culture, has got it all 
wrong. He should consider the 
following: 

At the heart of this rejection, and 
not only among European young 
people but among their eiders as 
well, is a fundamental distrust of 
America’s mercantile economy, 
which idolizes the creation and ac- 
cumulation of wealth while rede- 
fining the value of human achieve- 
ment in purely financial terms. 

Communism as an economic 
model may be dead, but certain 
European social ideals remain — 
and a prevalent one is the primacy 
of human dignity over material 
acquisition. 

Europeans also question the 
cultural manifestation of those 
American values, whether they 
are banal TV shows or movies that 
sacrifice character development 
for cheap thrills. Perhaps Mr. 
Pells should consider that such 


And, when European young 
people do purchase American en- 
tertainment, it does not necessar- 


ily mean they are buying into the 
American mercantile system lock, 
stock and barrel. 

America will remain the friend 
that Europe loves to hate largely 
because U.S. social/cultural val- 
ues often seem subordinate to a 
commercial purpose. 

It is America’s democratic in- 
stitutions. a beacon to humanity, 
that are worth revering. Europe's 
young admire America's best 
characteristic — its adherence to 
democratic principles. 

Europe is at a crossroads: 
While realizing that American 
glorification of self-serving indi- 
vidualism does not work, Europe 
is not sure that its own model of 
cradle-to-grave assistance will be 
able to carry its people into the 
next millennium. 

There must be a path between 
these extremes, a third way in 
which individualism drives econ- 
omies unfettered by state inter- 
vention and able to rise to the 
challenges of global commerce, 
but in which the benefits are also 
enjoyed by alL 

TONY PERLA. 

Grasse. France. 

Mr. Pells is laboring under the 
usual American misconception 
that there is no contradiction be- 
tween commerce and culture. 

True, in America commerce is 
culture. All the cultural models — 
what people view, the minors 
held up to the public — are de- 
cided for commercial reasons 


only. This approach seldom re- 
sults in works that challenge audi- 
ences. more or less works that 
contradict or criticize them. 

But Europeans still like to think 
that culture is important and that 
there are cultural issues that 
count There may be instances 
where there are no contradictions 
between culture and commerce, 
but the two are not the same thing. 
In recent years the market and 
market hype have deformed an 
in the United States, not stim- 
ulated it 

If we want to play with Marxist 
ideas, why not try this twist: 

‘ ‘Mass entertainment is the opium 
of the people.” 

DON FORESTA. 

Paris. 

Death Penalty 

If it were not so tragic it would 
be laughable to hear President Bill 
Clinton go on about promoting 1 
human rights around the world 
while the United States continues 
to execute its least-privileged 
citizens. 

Worse, American politicians 
routinely run for office on a prom- 
ise to suppon the death penalty. 

It would be refreshing if Amer- 
ican politicians started inspiring 
and leading, rather than follow- 
ing. public opinion and there- 
by stopped perpetuating a cycle of 
violence. 

HELLEMOLLER. 

Hellerup, Denmark. 


B OSTON — *Tis the week be- 
fore Christmas and 1 am wan- 
dering the exotic and bewildering 
aisles of Toys ‘R’ Us, waving my 
magic wand. 

1 wave if over the bar code of a 
Power Talker Voice Changing 
Mask. Zap! I pass it by the brow of 
a virtual pet. Zap! 1 move onward 


MEANWHILE 


and upward to a Star Wars Gift 
Set. Zap! Zap! 

This thing in my hand is noi 
strictly speaking a magic wand. 

It’s an electronic scanner. Nor 
is it strictly speaking for anyone in 
my age category. 

What I have here is the latest, 
most seductive gift-gouging gad- 
get created since children began 
wanting more for Christmas than 
their two front teeth. With this zap 
gun: even those too young to e- 
mail the North Pole can now graze 
through Toys 'R ’ Us adding every 
whim, fantasy and passing desire 
onto their personal list at the gift 
registry. They even get a printout 
to send to grandma! 

Gift registries for kids? What 
we have here in the aisles between 
Anastasia's Dress Up Set and 
Tinkerbell's Face Paints is ihe 
latest in the long, desultory and 
wildly successful process of turn- 
ing a child’s wonder into demand, 
and surprise into entitlement. 

O.K.. O.K. I will refrain from 
ranting about the commerciali- 
zation of Christmas. In return, al- 
low me to rant about the way the 
marketplace has turned kids into 
short consumers and how this has 
affected giving and getting. 

ft’s more than a generation 
since television first eliminated the 
middleman — the parent — and 
began advertising directly to kids. 

Today kids see roughly 20.000 
TV ads’ a year. They also have 
schoolbooks with ads. T-shirts 
with ads, Web sites with ads. The 
entire movie industry has become 
a product tie-in. 

Kids are being targeted for TV 
dinners, electronics, fast-food res- 
taurants and even family vaca- 
tions. We are told by Consumer 
Repons magazine that children 
are choosing how to spend $15 
billion a year. 

What makes the gift registry 
new and appalling is that it elim- 
inates even the pretense of par- 
ental screening. 


I am not faulting Toys ’R’ Us 
for this entire cultural scam. Many 
customers are noi dreaming of a 
White Christmas: they’re dream- 
ing of an efficient Christmas. The 
kids ’gift registry*, like all the other 
registries from ihe prenatal to the 
bridal, is pragmatic and efficienL 
It eliminates risk and returns. 

Bui it assumes that kids, like 
brides, know what they want and 
should get what they want. In that 
sense, it’s part of the dubious eco- 
nomic "emancipation" of chil- 
dren. who ore expected to be com- 
petent consumers before they are 
third graders. 

There is a kind of uneasy role 
reversal going on in wish lists, 
electronic or noL 

“We are asking them what they 
want us to buy them.” says Ellen 
Wart ell a of the University of 
Texas. "We’re pushing them into 
the position of consumers. Is this a 
role we want them to be in at such 
an early age?" 

At the same lime, adults are 
repositioning themselves. In this 
upside-down world, parents and 
grandparents, aunts and uncles 
don’t give personal gilts; they be- 
come personal shoppers. 

Somewhere deep down where 
the electronic scanners don't reach, 
the notion of kids-as-Christmas- 
consumcrs makes everybody un- 
comfortable. We still harbor the 
fantasy of presents carefully 
chosen and gratefully received. We 
believe in generosity and gratitude, 
not obligation and expectations. 

But Christmas shopping feels 
more and more like the exchange 
of credit card debts. And with 
children we are often tom be- 
tween a desire (o please and a real 
unease ,u signs ol entitlement. 

In the classic Christmas story, a 
young husband sells his watch to 
buy a present for his wife's hair. 
The wife sells her hair to buy him a 
watch chain. What on earth would 
Toys ‘R‘ Us make of O. Henry's 
tale? A classic case of Christmas 
mismatch? A couple of sorry losers 
who end up at the return counter? 

Forgive me for this holiday dis- 
spirit. But the idea of kids roaming 
the toy jungle with zap guns hunt- 
ing their own presents brings out 
my inner Grinch. It makes me long 
for the days when kids worried 
about being naughty or nice. Ah 
yes, Santa. Now there was a guy 
who really knew how to scan. 

The Boston Globe 


the nght lines. As a country, we 
cannot give up trying to include 
the excluded. And we do not want 
to give up the values of hard work 
and merit Texas is telling us that 


“entertainment” is not up to 
European standards. Europeans’ 
acceptance of those Hollywood 
films that deliver genuine drama 
and stoiy tine cannot be ques- 
tioned. 




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“DESTINATION GREECE; CONFERENCES" 

»«.< m •* *.'■ "'<■ ******* * 

Mcnmbrul HcntU Tribwttt. It »u.c sptmotal by the 
Onvk Tourism Organization. 

Writer: John Rigos. based in Athens. 

Program Director: Bill Mahder. 


Conferences Extend 
The Tourist Season 


Upgraded fatalities will bring 
visitors to Greece even In the 
offpeak months. 

• Tourism, like any other in- 
dustry, cannot be fully profit- 
able unless it is a year-round 
operation. In Greece, where 
good weather makes tourism a 
seven-month affair, interna- 
tional conferences can extend 
the season to the other five 
months. This will be possible 
with improved infrastructure 
and good organization. 

Mediumsized conference 
centers are already in place on 
the islands of Rhodes, Kos, 
Crete. Lemnos and in Thes- 
saloniki. The government has 
promised financial support to 
private enterprises willing to in- 
vest in similar centers in other 
parts of the country. 

"Conference infrastructure 
is not only hotel rooms: it is 
suitable equipment, the proper 
setup in suitable hotels, break- 
out rooms and supplemental 
spaces for exhibits,” says 
Nikos Skoulas. secretary gen- 
eral of the Greek Tourism Or- 
ganization. "It also means cor- 
rect lighting, screens, 
spotlights, overhead and slide 
projectors, laptop PCs in con- 
junction with film projectors, 
video projectors and multime- 
dia applications.” 

Mr. Skoutas is urging in- 
vestors to consider conference 
tourism and visitors to partic- 
ipate in pre- and post-confer- 
ence activities. Conference 
participants spend twice as 
much as ordinary tourists, are 
better educated and, there- 
fore, can better appreciate the 
cultural advantages of Greece. 

According to Mr. Skoulas 
and other top Greek tourist ex- 
ecutives, conferences can 
draw more tourists to Athens; 
currently many visitors take 


charter flights directly to their 
island destinations. Plagued by 
congestion and air pollution 
like many other metropolises, 
Athens has seen the number of 
its foreign tourists wane over 
the years. Athens hotels had 
51.4 percent occupancy in 
1996. compared with 72.9 per- 
cent in Rhodes and 69 percent 
in Crete. 

“Since 1987, it has become 
evident that the best way to 
restore Attica as a tourist des- 
tination is to turn Athens into 
the 'Conference Center of the 
Balkans,'" says Mr. Skoulas. 

New center 

Mr. Skoulas estimates that 
abort 150 conferences, sem- 
inars and exhibits take place 
each year in Athens. For most 
of these, organizers use the 
faciltties of large hotels. If the 
number of attendees is high, 
places like toe indoor Peace 
anti Friendship stadium or the 
Piraeus Port Authority are used. 
Even the Roman theater under 
the Acropolis has been used for 
toe opening sessions of large 
conferences. For exhibitions 
and displays, sports stadiums, 
passenger stations and old fac- 
tories are offered. 

The lack of large conference 
centers means that Greece 
ranks 26th in toe number of 
conferences held, and Athens 
is the 36th city after places like 
Jerusalem, Madrid, Paris, Bar- 
celona, Nice, Istanbul and 
Rome. 

To fill the gap, the govern- 
ment decided to create a con- 
ference and exposition center 
for HELEXPO, toe Hellenic Ex- 
positions Organization, in 
Maroussi, a suburb 10 kilome- 
ters north of Athens. Taking in- 
to consideration that HELEXPO 
organizes about 20 trade ex- 


positions annually, the organi- 
zation cannot accommodate 
many other conferences. For 
this reason, the government 
has legislated toe partial fi- 
nancing of privately owned con- 
ference centers, provided they 
can handle more than 3,000 
attendees. 

Mr. Skoulas believes that 
Athens needs a conference 
center with a capacity’ of 
10,000 to 12,000 participants 
and suitable space for exhibits. 
Such a center should be close 
to toe new Athens airport at 
Spata; have good road access 
to tiie capital, its commercial 
center and the archaeological 
sites; and include ample park- 
ing space and proximity to first- 
class hotels. 

The investment for this cen- 
ter should come from an ex- 
perienced group that will also 
.provide the knowhow to organ- 
ize a large-scale conference, 
with state support The govern- 
ment could offer the land, fi- 
nance the project in accord- 
ance with the existing 
development legislation, and 
also allow construction of a 
small space to cover the sec- 
retariat needs of the center and 
the organizers. 

Ideal area 

The Society of Conference Or- 
ganizers (SEPOS) recently 
called on the state to “cultivate 
the ground try establishing con- 
ference centers In accordance 
with existing international 
specifications.” 

“Athens is the only Euro- 
pean capital that does not have 
a conference center," says a 
SEPOS spokesman. 

Alexis Koimfssis, general di- 
rector of the Astir hotel com- 
plex in Vouliagmeni, 25 kilo- 
meters (16 miles) south of 



<r ' rJ’V-W ; f i 




••••’•' -V. 


Hosting conferences is one of many ways that (Zeece shows its hospltaBty to the world. 


Athens — where medium-sized 
conferences take place — be- 
lieves that the Athens area is 
ideal for conferences. 

"Besides natural beauty 
and sites of cultural and his- 
torical heritage, the area 
provides good hotels, first-rate 
restaurants, night life, enter- 
tainment and good shopping 
centers,” he says. "This does 
not mean that everything is per- 
fect A tot remains to be done 
so that by toe year 2004, a 
crucial year for Greek tourism 
[because of the Summer 
Olympics], we can meet the 
challenge." 

Constantinos Constantinid- 
1s, CEO of Heliotopos Confer- 
ence Organizers, says that, al- 
though Greece has some 
conference centers, toe estab- 
lishment of a large center in 
Athens “will definitely contrib- 
ute to the development of con- 
ferencebased tourism. But the 


size of such a center should be 
studied and be relative to the 
financial realities that will ac- 
company toe operation of such 
apiace.” 

Training 

George Barboutis, marketing 
director of Rhodos Palace — 
one of the largest hotels in the 
island of Rhodes, which also 
has one of the largest confer- 
ence centers in Greece — says 
that his hotel has facilities for 
3,500 people. The Jupiter Hall, 
which is 850 square meters 
(3.050 square feet) large and 
is equipped with the most mod- 
em audio-visual facilities, has a 
capacity of 1,200. Athena Hall 
and toe Salon ties Roses have 
a capacity of 650 each, Naus- 
ea Hall can accommodate 280 
and Nefeli Hall 200. There is 
also the multiple-use Apollo 
Room of 240 square meters. 

“Our center can accommod- 


ate 3.500 conferees, in 11 
special halls with three simul- 
taneous-translation Systems, 
and folly applies toe regula- 
tions of the European Union.” 
says Mr. Barboutis. In order to 
expand its conference center, 
Rhodos Palace invested $16 
million between 1990 and 
1993, he adds. 

But all toe buildings and 
equipment are not enough, 
says Mr. Skoulas. 

‘To property utilize all these 
material means, we need 
knowledge. We must conquer 
the field through knowledge. 
We must be trained to organize 
conferences on a large scale 
and to handle conferences and 
to promote and attract them. 
For this reason, we need three 
things: training, training and 
more training." To this end, he 
intends to invite experts for a 
full training program of confer- 
ence tourist executives. 










INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE 
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


4 





St. Petersburg, Dostoyevsky’s City on the Neva 


’•V.'Wj-/' 


S T. PETERSBURG — Russian 

literature really did nor exist un- 
til — through a singular act of 
will, cruelty and imagination— 
Peter the Great summoned Sl Peters- 
burg, this strange, beautiful city, frdmthe 
sea. Somehow, by inventing a new city in 
an old country, Peter created for Russia 
not just a fortress but also a soul. 

If they wished, visitors here could do 
nothing but wander among the marble 
busts and ornate villas of the literary 
past Pushkin’s vest — pierced by the 
bullet that killed him in a useless duel — 
lies permanently on display. Here Go- 
gol wrote much of “Dead Souls,” his 
uncanny guide to the mind of tire Rus- 
sian bureaucrat 

But for all tire literary echoes zinging 
through the grand, neoclassical man- 
sions, for all tiie artifice and pageantry, 
St Petersburg is still the dark province 
of one febrile man: Fyodor Dostoy- 
evsky. Although he was bom in Mos- 
cow, he spent more than 30 years here, 
where he created his greatest novels. 
More than to any other writer, this city 
which is at once so glorious and so 
malig n, belongs to him. 

“There is something inexpressibly 
touching,” Dostoyevsky wrote about 
the city in his story “White Nights”: 
“Somehow I cannot help being re- 
minded of a hail, consumptive gjri, at 
whom one sometimes loots with com- 
passion, sometimes with sympathetic 
love, whom sometimes one simply does 
not notice . . . one cannot help asking 
oneself what power made those sad, 
pensive eyes flash with snch fire?’ ' 


By Michael Specter 

New York runes Service 




Nkuiae Aadu/fHT 


Rescuing 
A Paris 
Institution 


By Patricia Wells 

Inicrnulimul Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — Mark Williamson has 
turned into a bit of a Parisian 
superman. Already the owner 
of two popular, well-estab- 
lished wine bars — Willi’s and Juveniles 
— he has flown in, cape flapping, to 
rescue one of Paris's prettiest and most 
neglected restaurants, Le Mercure 
Galant, next to the Palais RqyaL 
Since September, the restaurant — 
renamed Maceo, after the saxophonist 
Maceo Parker — has been playing to a 
full house, thanks largely to consid- 
erable local enthusiasm, overflow from 
Willi's just a few doors away, and Wil- 
liamson’s impeccable sense of pres- 
ence. Nor to mention that, wherever 
“Willi” can be found, you are certain to 
discover at least one or two new, spec- 
tacular. wines. 

Maceo is for from being , in place. 
Much of the staid decor of the ola Mer- 
cure Galant still awaits a a overhaul, and 
the new chef. Jean-Pa ul Deyries, is still 



drunks and prostitutes. The prostitutes 
have movedto better locations, but men 
still weave uncertainly as they cross the 
Kokushkin Bridge: . ' ■ 

When Dostoyevsky bved here this 
place was as seamy as a seaport citycan 
Set Once while he was crossing the 
tniare a drunken soldier offered him a 
silver cross and the writer bought it 
although he knew he was being cheated. 
It turned our to be made of brass but 
Dostoyevsky couldn’t part with it and 
became very upset when he lost it-. . 

It was on this bridge that Raskolnikov 
stood contemplating suicide, staring 
bleakly into the black waters beneath 
it was also in this neighborhood 
fVtaf Dostoyevsky passed the worst mo- 
ments of his life: in l^hU wife died at 

the age of 43; late that year so did his 
brother and then his friend Apollon 
Gorogyev. He said that his life broke in 
two at this point. “It is as if the tragedy 
of Dostoyevsky’s life added a certain 

value to die neighborhood,” B iron said. 

“There are simply some mystic places, 
in Sl Petersburg that never change in 


people’s minds.” 

Most of the square was destroyed 
during the Nazi siege of World War IL 
The buildings have been reconstructed, 

but die mood has never shifted. ; 

Dostoyevsky’s city is surprisingly 
small.* It takes only an hour or two to 
cover all of iL From his lodging house 
not far from Haymarket Square to the 
block where the old moneylender lived, 
Raskolniko v took 730 famous steps. 

orsjiavetried to take die ?3oS^from . 


SyMnChuteMBqtocr 

At the Dostoyevsky Museum on Kuznechny Pereulok, where he wrote his last novel, “The Brothers Karamazov, 


In the end, even today, it doesn’t mat- 


ter. The writer's city, finally, cannot be 
budged. The grim layer of cloud and fog 
rising from the Neva guarantees that The 
canals are as fetid and mysterious as they 
were 150 years ago. And the fact that Si 
Petersburg is so European and has always 
been so hrips create me city’s permanent 
sense of ambivalence, of not belonging. 
So it is still fun — and instructive — to 
stroll the streets of tire imperial city, 
seeing bow intricately Dostoyevsky’s 
work and life were meshed. 

It is perhaps best to start where he 
ended np. Since 1971. the writer’s last 
apartment at 5/2 Kuznechny Pereulok 
has been a museum. There are two floors 
filled with paintings of everything from 
the French Revolution (which inspired 
him and many other Sl Petersburg in- 
tellectuals) to likenesses of Christ Col- 
lections both of his works and of the 
works he read — most notably his Bible 
— have also been retained. Historians 
tried without success-to find the original 


Dostoyevsky was the greatest inter- 
ster of the limitless depths of the Rus- 


preterof tire limitless depths of the Rus- 
sian soul, and this is- the place where it 
has always been most clearly on display. 
He once declared that St, Petersburg was 
a city for the “half mad.” Viscount 
Melchior de Vogue, a Frenchman, 
agreed, and regarded Dostoyevsky as its 
warden: “He is the Shakespeare of the 
lunatic asylum.” There was little ques- 
tion that the asylum was the city itself. 


The New— and the Old 


Much has changed here since Dos- 
toyevsky died in 1881; much has even 
changed this year. (From the window of 
one of (he many apartments in which he 
lived. Golden Arches are visible; from 


it was when he wrote. He kept his desk 
compulsively neat but his writing style 
was intensely haphazard. You can see 
manuscript copies where he fills apage, 
tarns it over and fills the back: and then 
scrawls additions in the margin. 


30 movis Dostoyevsky moved 20 
times in his three decades here, most of 
the time because he could no longer 
afford what he had. His gambling was 
ruinous to his health, his relationships 
and his pocketbook. But it kept him 
productive. He was often poor, usually 
in debt But he was always particular 
about what kind of place would be suit- 
able for him. 

“When he rented an apartment he 
always lookedfor corner buildings,” said 
Vera. Biron, a Dostoyevsky scholar who 
has written a Russian-language guide to 
tiie writer’s city and who conducts trass 
for the. Dostoyevsky Museum. “That 
way be could be more isolated from 
neonle. It was also impor tant to him to 


three different houses on a narrow, 
cobblestone street — Kaznacheyskaya 
Street (“The most Dostoyevsky place 
in all of St Petersburg," according to 
Biron. “He considered it tiie stomach of 
the city.”) The rancid smell of the canal 
— women washed die family laundry in 
it, children bathed, andmany used it as a 
toilet — is gone now. But the claus- 
trophobia of the place remains. The 
buildings are pressed against each other 
— m contrast to toe broad apartments so 
common in other parts of the city. ' 

Dostoyevsky wrote “Crime and Pun- 
ishment” in an apartment here that 
seems more like a prison cell than a 
home. He started the book in 1865, one 
month after he had read an article about 
a merchant’s son from Moscow who 
had killed two old women with an ax. 

The murderer had been an Old Be- 
liever in rituals, a raskolnik in Russian, 
and Dostoyevsky seized on him to cre- 
ate Raskolnikov, his murderous, intel- 
lectual hero, who was his fictional 


tiie bouse near tiie canal where Ras- 
kolnikov is said to have lived to the 
lodgings of the old woman at what is now 
25 Prospekt Rimsky-Korsakov. Nobody 
has managed to find the right pace. 


appealing, well-priced menu, and that 
welcome wine list make it worth a visit 
right now. 

A good starter on the current menu is 
an Asian-inspired trio of fresh, giant 
shrimp on a bed of sauteed bean sprouts, 
all bathed in a delicate, palate-opening 
curry cream. Equally fine is the wild- 
mushroom terrine, a compact vegetable 
terrine that's carefully seasoned. 

Main courses include a pleasurable 
canon tfagneau . or nuggets of lamb 
wrapped around minced black olives, and 
sauteed to order. The accompanyingegg- 
plant “caviar” and confit of fresh to- 
matoes give the dish a proper Provencal 
accent. Also worth ordering is the beef 
filet in a well-spiced red wine sauce. 




spy offices for Fedex and Sprint) It is 
sometimes hard to reconcile the mystical 
anti-Western view of the writer with a 
city that is now filled with boutiques; 
that has a Western hotel in a houseboat 
on the banks of the vast, roiling Neva, 
and that has never, in any real way, been 
a coherent part of Russia. 


vised: They removed 18 layers of wall- 
paper until they found a green, ornately 
detailed paper dated 1878, a time when 
Dostoyevsky occupied the apartment 
He wrote his last novel, “The Brothers 
Karamazov,” in the cozy rooms here. 

Two photographs were made of his 
original study; so it can be seen today as 


that could be seen from his bouse.” 

We are standing at Sennaya Square, 
which when Dostoyevsky knew it was 
called the Haymarket In his era the 
Haymarket was alive with noise, mud 
and the suffering of the poor. Serfs were 
beaten publicly here. 

Dostoyevsky lived three times at 


lady he killed. 

Merchants no longer sell hay in the 
square. Cars, clogging the narrow alleys 
around the Griboyedova Canal, have 
taken the place of horses. But the 
cramped, musty feeling of the neigh- 
borhood has been preserved for more 
than a century. It used to be filled with 


B UT they never stop trying. On 
tins trip tiie courtyard is filled 
with ancient women chatting in 
the fading sunlighL They look old 
enough to have lived when 
Dostoyevsky made his habitual noc- 
turnal forays here. They know without 
having to ask why we have come. 

“Its up there,” one shouts. ‘The 
spirit of the dead is still on the landing.” 
The stairs are cluttered and cramped and 
there are graffiti all the way from the 
ground floor to the fourth floor. The 
apartment is not open, but tiie sense of 
Hanger is palpable. There are notes and 
banners stuck to the floor “Do it 
again,” says one. “Why did she die?” 
asks another. •• 

“You rarely see a literary event so 
alive after this many years,” Biron 
noted, before walking through the 
courtyard, back toward tiie canal where 
Raskolnikov hid his ax. “People still 
wonder if any .man in a heavy coatootriti 
be the killer.” 


Arequipa, Peru’s White City of Churches and Altars 


By Joseph Carey 


Pick of the Wines 


Two current wines lo search out in- 
clude the Weingut Loosen's slightly 
bubbly German nesting from the Mosel 
River valley — the good quality 1995 is 
priced at 240 francs ($40) — and the 
dark, aromatic, peppery purple Jade 
Mountain “Cote du Soleil” from 
Sonoma. California. The 1995 vintage, 
made with a blend of the popular Rhone 
Valley grape varieties mourvedre and 
syrahi is pricey at 360 francs but worth it 
for those eager to further explore the 
best wines of California. 

Some of the better-priced wines on 
the list include the pleasant Cotes-du- 
Rhone Seguret from the winemaker Jeon 
David (the 1995 is priced at 120 francs); 
the always dependable Coudelet de 
Beaucastel. with the 1995 red priced at 
140 francs: the best of the Beaujolais 
cru. a 1996 Fleurie from the Domaine 
des Vissoux at 160 francs, and the eter- 
nally welcoming Domaine Tempi cr rose 
from Bandol, the 1996 at 160 francs. 
And if you doa'i know where to tern 
when you open the wine list, the young 
sommelier will eagerly assisL 

Desserts are included in the well- 
priced dinner menu: Try the feather- 
light pear millefeuille, perfumed lightly 
with licorice, or reglisse. Only the bread 
— flabby antiquated dinner rolls — 
needs desperate attention. 

Maceo, 15. Rue des Petits-Champs, Par- 
is I: id: 01-J2-96-9S-89; fax: 47-03-36- 
93. Closed Sunday. Credit card: Visa, Mas- 
terCard. IS5-franc (S3 1 ) lunch menu, 2 20- 
franc dinner menu. A la carte, all entrees 
priced at SO francs, main courses at 120 
francs, and desserts at 50 francs. Wines 
priced from 96 to 490 francs. 


A REQUIPA, Peru — A pop- 
ular T-shirt sold in the south- 
ern Andean city of Arequipa 
reads in Spanish: “Are you 
from Peru? No, I’m from Arequipa.” If 
this sounds like local snobbery, it prob- 
ably is. And with good reason. 

Arequipa, Peru’s second largest city, 
with a population of about 620,000, is 
truly a serene place. It is nourished by 
Baroque churches and colonial buildings 
mostly of white, which adds an extra air 
of holiness. Indeed, white is everywhere, 
from tiie vistas of sandy rolling hills as 
you approach from the air to the bright 
shimmering buildings of the city center. 

The snowcapped volcano El Misti 
(19.150 feet, or about 5,800 meters) 
soars above tiie central Plaza de Armas, 
which is bordered by the twin spires of 
the cathedral, spanning an entire side, 
and by two levels of double arcades on 
tiie three others. Radiating from the plaza 
are streets laid out in a gridlike pattern, 
malting the city easy to explore on foot 


Arequipa enjoys the most temperate 
climate in Peru, with mins for only a few 


But pickpockets require constant vigil- 
ance, as in most Latin American coun- 
tries. The city is the commercial hub of 
southern Peru, surrounded by dairy 
farms and copper mines, and is a center 
of alpaca wool processing. 

I was immediately beguiled by the 
stunning Plaza de Armas, with its lush 
grass, oleanders, palm trees, fountains, 
lampposts and benches. On the square’s 
northwest side, on the second floor of 
the double arcades, are some enticing 
restaurants. 

On the north side of the plaza stands 
the cathedral, originally dating from 
1656 but badly damaged try fires and . 
earthquakes and rebuilt starting in 1844. 
The spacious, somewhat Baroque in- 
terior with cream-colored walls and 
white trim is accented by 12 columns 
with statues of the apostles carved in 
Italian marble. 

Across the plaza is the 1654 Jesuit 
church of La Compania with a wildly 
carved baroque facade. The main altar is 
an elaborately carved, gold-leafed cedar 
monument to the Jesuits' founder, Sl 
I gnatius of Loyola, and Jesus and Mary, 
who are depicted in its niches. 



known as locutorios. tittle cells where tiie 1 
nuns could talk, unseen, to visitors — on 
holy days only. When you walk dram the Yj 


holy days only. When you walk along the 
main path through a pastel orange arch 

uritfl t(u> lurvH “Wlonmn” intn ifr 


with the word ‘ ‘Silencio” carved into its 
free, the first building is the Novices 
Cloister. Its 24 round wall minting^ de- 
pict the power and glory of the Virgin. 

Nearby is the Grange Tree Cloister, 
with pastel electric blue col umns, and 


more wall paintings, representing the 
spiritual exercises of Sl Ignatius, which 


The Plaza de Armas is the hub of Arequipa. 


V«n A. Coo fir UK Nbw rnfeTtan 


hours a day from January to April and a 


dry season from May to October. We 
hod sunny days, with temperatures in 


had sunny days, with temperatures in 
the 70s Fahrenheit, and com nights. 

Arequipa was established by the 
Spaniards in 1540. In addition to its 
Baroque churches and the unusually 
sumptuous 16th-century monastery, the 
city offers colonial houses made of sil- 
lar, white rock from El Misti and other 
nearby volcanoes. Many of these bouses 
have been restored and opened to the 
public as art galleries. 

In a country known fra: major efforts 
in recent years to quell terrorism, there 
was hardly a trace of unrest in Arequipa. 


UMaskabu .chapel Inside the 
church is a remarkable side chapel 
named for Sl Ignatius, which costs 1 sol 
— about 40 cents — to eater. From floor 
to cupola, tiie walls of this former sac- 
risty are covered with recently restored, 
brilliant frescolike renderings of war- 
riors, angels and the four evangelists 
among bright tropical birds, fruits and 
flowers — all to remind young sem- 
inarians of their future careers evan- 
gelizing the inhabitants of the jungles of 
northeast Peru. 

Two superbly carved sillar cloisters 
next to the church now house a handful 
of retail stores selling alpaca clothing. 


books, liquor, jewelry, silver and art 
These open spaces provide wonderful 
views of La Cranpania’s domes. 

Other buildings provide a look at 
Arequipa ’s grand colonial past. The 
Casa Rickets, about a block north of the 
cathedral, was first a Jesuit seminary, 
then an archbishop’s mansion, a school 
arid a private home. Now, it is a. bank 
and- art gallery displaying colonial and 
contemporary paintings. 

The crown jewel of Arequipa. three 
blocks north of the cathedral, is the 
Dominican Monastery of Santa 
Catalina, surely one of toe world’s most 
fascinating religious establishments. Its 
groupings of one- and two-level build- 
ings within a walled square block were 
built in 1580 by Maria de Guzman, a 


narrow, twisting streets, beautiful court- 
yards and tiny plazas with Sowers 
planted in every available space. It was 
private for 400 years, opened to toe 
public only in 1970, and it cost us about 
$3.75 each to enter. 

The monastery’s architectural style is 


Mn dejar, adapted by toe Spanish from 
toe Moors arid rarelv seen in colonial 


rich widow. Its cells, chapels, kitchens, 
laundries and servant andslave quarters 
are sprinkled throughout a labyrinth of 


toe Moors arid rarely seat in colonial 
buildings. It emphasizes strong con- 
trasts and brilliant colors, mostly bright 
bines and oranges. 

Originally. Santa Catalina was in- 
habited only by women from wealthy 
Spanish families, who were required to 
pay a dowry, and hints of their affluence 

— spacious kitchens, servants quarters 

— are still present in areas open to the 
public. Santa Catalina once housed 450 
women bat today only a handful of 
cloistered nuns remain. 

Off the entrance are a series of rooms 


MOVIE GUIDE 


Deconsthiicttno Harry 

Directed by Woody Allen. US. 

Privale life caught up with Woody Al- 
len several years ago and now, with 
rancorous brilliance, he returns the fa- 
vor. “Deconstructing Harry,” his an- 
griest film since “Stardust Memories” 
and also his most viciously funny, lets 
Allen expand on a thought raised less 
directly in “Bullets Over Broadway”: 
that the person ruled by creative ima- 
gination may be indifferent not to say 
ruinous, to toe happiness of those 
around him. And that even if he wreaks 
havoc, maybe he thinks he has no 
choice. Like toe man almost said, the 
art wants what it wants. "Nihilism, 
cynicism, sarcasm, orgasm!” shouts 
one of the film’s many outraged women 
at Allen’s character, Harry Block, a 
writer whose hilariously veiled fiction 


hits too close to home. “In France I 
.could run on that slogan and win,” 
replies Harry, who makes no apologies 
and certainly has a way with a one- 
liner. Not to mention a short stray: 
“Deconstructing Hairy” flits deliri- 


brazenly autobiographical comedy 
shows off the best of Allen’s misan- 


shows off the best of Allen’s misan- 
thropic humor. Harry Block, under 
siege, has been through three wives, six 


psychiatrists and assorted girlfriends, 
apparently turning most of them into 
enemies along the way. Allen is turd on 
Harry, too. letting the character com- 
plain that he has no soul and offering 
plenty of evidence for that claim. Aided 
by the same technical contributors who 
traditionally give his work its visual 
luster, Allen writes outstandingly 
acerbic dialogue this time. The best 
one-liners, like the whole film, mix wit 
with melancholy self-knowledge. For 
instance: ’Tradition is toe illusion of 
permanence.” And: “I think you ’re the 
opposite of a paranoid. I think you go 
around with tiie insane delusion that 
people tike you.” (Janet Maslin, NYT) 


ously from real-life episodes to Harry’s 
outrageously embellished versions. 


which create absurd, paper-thin dis- 
guises for himself and his lovers. In toe 
world of Harry’s imagination, it’s al- 
ways Halloween. Working in a delib- 
erately tougher style than that of his 
other romantic comedies, Allen uses 


jump cuts, raw language, conspicuous 
drinking, prostitution and a dearth of 
feel-good music (the old standard heard 
over toe credits is “Twisted”) to un- 


derscore his film’s bitterness. Yet the 
effect of ail this, like it or noL is ter- 
rifically liberating. This poisonous. 


Scream 2 

Directed by Wes Craven. US. . 

“ Scream2" is less a film thana text for 
performance by an audience. And it's 
die audience that's toe real show. Such 
was tiie intensity of tribal bonding in the 
dark, such was the flood of hormones, 
ad renaline and -tiie juice of other ob- 
scure glands, such was the pitch of sheer 
Dionysian ecstasy that toe movie itself 
finally seemed inconsequential to the 
ceremony it unleashed. And at toe end. 
die kids fortunately did not decide to 
sacrifice a codger to the demon- gods of 
youth, beauty and simple thinking . All 
this is not accidental. Wes Craven, the 
auteur of the “Scream” films and be- 
fore that several in die high- end slasher 
market (like the original “Nightmare on 
Elm Street”), understands toe nature of 
his audience. You can’t fool them, you 


purify toe soul. 

Along toe corridors are doors to toe 
nuns' cells, which have arched niches 
with boards for beds and small altars. 
On the Calle Malaga, a street within the 
monastery, toe names of former oc- 
cupants are. carved over toe doors. .To- 
ward toe center of the monastery is the 
Sala Zurbaran, a vaulted room display- ' 
ing vestments, miters, platters, vases, 
tea sets and crockery. 

The feminist Flora Tristan, Paul 
Gauguin’s maternal grandmother, de- 
scribed her visit to Santa Catalina in her 
“Pilgrimages of a Pariah,” written in 
1850: “Imagine a small room with an 
arched roof, of 10 or 12 feet in Width by 
14 or 1 6 in length, covered entirely with 
a lovely English rug in a Turkish design, 
in toe middle an arched door with a 
small window on each side in the same 
style and those two windows equipped 
with cherry -colored silk curtains with 
black and blue trim. At one comer of toe 
room a small varnished iron bed with a * 
mattress lined in English ticking and 
sheets of batiste adorned with lace from 
Spain. In front was a divan, some pil- 
lows for visitors to sit on and lovely 
topestry stools. At the back, there was a 
niche with a lovely white marble con- ,i 
sote that closely imitated a small altar. 
Du top of the console were many vases 
mied with natural and artificial flowers; 
silver chandeliers with blue candles: a 
small violet velvet missal that dosed 

*2“ “ gold lock and a small wooden 
Uinst beautifully worked." 


can only pander to toqngenuinely. His 
stroke of genius is. to offer the horror 
movie in an ironic mode. He’s winking 
at viewers and inviting them to share a. 
clever conspiracy that we on the cho- 
lesterol-clogged side of 30 cannot begin 
to understand. He knows, for example, 
that toe honor genre is exhausted and 
bankrupt and has entered its creaky last 
stage, the stage of self-parody. So he 
offers a £3m that's more commentary on 
story than story itself; He sends up the 
cliches with boldness, inviting his 
young fans to share in his contempt fra 
the formulaic. Graven somewhat ups 
the stakes by making ‘’Scream 2” a 
parody not of a horror movie but a 
parody of. a horror movie sequel, that 
lesser form where the expectations are 
so much lower. “Scream 2” is a hoot 
from HelL (Stephen Hunter, WP) 


I WALKED along the Calle Toledo, 
past a row of 5-foot-tall red eerani- 
nms, to the cell of Mother Dominga 
She had a patio and three 
including a largektahen with 

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for v hcrsclf and another for a 
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hotels opening almost everywhere at 

wuLodSr S te5 ’ the Priteful T-shirt 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


PAGE 1 ! 


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tax. For departures April 1 to June 30. Traiffinders (44-171) 938-3939. 


Round-trip business-class tors from London orManchesterto Sydney or 
Melbourne (via Vienna) for £1 ,685 (82.785) saves £1 .529 off the normal 
fare. Stopovers allowed in Vienna and Kuala Lumpur in both directions. 
From Jan. 1 to June 30. The Travel Bug (44-161) 740-8998 


CAPITAL HOTEL 

1 

\ 

1 

Beijing 

“Capital Club Package," $140 a night for a “deluxe" room, includes 
buffet breakfast; high tea; evening cocktails and canapes; 25 percent 
discount on limo service; 10 percent discounts on food and beverage 
and laundry. Until Dec. 31 . 

HOTEL IMPERIAL 

— ; j 

Kuala Lumpur 

Fifty percent off regular rates. Until March 31 . 

OMNIA BATAVIA 

Jakarta 

“Best Seiler” rate of $68 single and $78 double (plus 21 percent tax) for 
a "superior” room includes American buffet breakfast and use of health 
dub. Until Dec. 31. 

PRINCE HOTEL 

Hong Kong 

Singles for 1,600 Hong Kong dollars ($205) a night doubles 1,700 
dollars, with American buffet breakfast, limo transfers to airport, evening 
cocktails. Until March 31 . 

TRIMIDAD HILTON 

Trinidad 

Five-night "Carnival Package” for £354.90 ($585) plus 20 percent tax 
and service per person sharing atwin or double room includes American 
breakfast and tickets to the carnival. Feb. 20 to 24. 


Atttwuflh Itw IKT eanrfufly ciwck* theta <*m* please be forewarned tfw some trml agents may be unaware d them. or unable to booh them. 


Some museums may be 
closed on holidays. We recom- 
mend you call before going. 


und Emigration Egropaischer 
Kunsder. 1933-1945." Works by 
artists who tied Hitler's Germany. 


AUSTRIA 


Vienna 

Kunsthlstorisches Museum, lei:. 
(1) 525-24403. dosed Mondays. 
Continuing/ To Jan. 18: “Landder 
Bible." Exhibits connected with 
events or persons described in the 
Bible. 


Frankfurt 

Schim Kunsthalle. tel: (69) 299- 
882-0. dosed Mondays. Continu- 
ing/To March 1 : "Between Heaven 
and Earth." Russian icons dating 

from the 14th to the l6th century. 


dally. Continuing/ To Dec. 31: 
"From the Doges to the Emper- 
ors." Documents how Venice lived 
in the last days of the Republic until 
its fall in 1797. 


Fernando Pessoa Features w.:.-..c 
by Antonio Cameiro. Amadeu •:*> 
Souza-Cardoso and Vieira c;, 
Silva. 


UNITED STATES 


NETHERLANDS 


ONG KONG 


R R ITA 


Royal Academy of Arts, tel: (171) 
439-7438. open daily. Continu- 
ing/ To Dec. 28: "Sensation: 
Young British Artists from the Saat- 
chi Collection." Paintings, sculp- 
tures, videos, photographs and ob- 
jects by 40 young artists. 


Hong Kong Museum, tel: 2734- 
2167, dosed Mondays, Dec. 25. 
26. Jan. 1. To March 1: “National 
Treasures: Gems of China's Cul- 
tural Relics." More titan 150 ex- 
hibits from museums and cultural 
institutes in China, most of ihem 

unearthed since 1922. Bronze, 
)ade, ivory, silver and gold objects, 
as well as tacquerware and done 
carving span the periods from the 
Neolithic era to the Ching dynasty. 


Groningen 

Groninger Museum, tel: (50) 366- 
6555, dosed Mondays. To March 
8: “Axzedine Alaia." The work ot 
the designer is surveyed against a 
background of works by contem- 
porary artists who have inspired 
him, such as Julian Schnabel. 
Bruce Weber and Perer Beard. 


PO RTUGAL 


FRANCE 


TA LY 


Rams 

Centre Georges Pompidou, tel: 
01 -44-7B-1 2-33. closed Tuesdays. 
To March 9: "Bruce Naum an: lm- 
ageAexte, 1966-1998." Mora than 
60 installations, sculptures, neon 
pieces, drawings and videos by the 
American artist (bom 1941). 
Grand Palais, tel: 01-44-13-17- 
17. dosed Tuesdays. Continuing/ 
To Jan. 5: “Las Iberas": to Jan. 12: 
“Prud'hon. 1 758-1 823"; to Jan. 26: 
“Georges de La Tour. 1593- 
1652." 


Venice 

Coner Museum end Doges' 
Palace, tel: (41) 940-200, open 


Lisbon 

Centro Cultural de Belem, tel: (1 ) 
301-9606, open daily. To Feb. 12: 
“Modem Art m Portugal. 1910- 
1940." The objective ol this ex- 
hibition is to underline the simil- 
arities between the efforts of the 
artists that undertook the difficult 
task of introduang new aesthetic 
principles in Portugal and similar 
efforts by the Portuguese poet. 


Los Angeles 

The Getty Center, tel: (3 1C) *«■ 
7360. closed Mondays. The Get:* 
Center that opened on Tuescjy 
presents two inaugural exhibitor.: 
in the J. Paul Getty Museum 7r 
Oct. 18. 1998: “Beyond Beauty 
Antiquities as Evidence." With a 
selection 'd ancient Indian. Peru- 
vian and Chinese artifacts, the ex- 
hibition explores the beauty ot an- 
cient works of art as well as tht' 
historical, cultural and technclcgv- 
al information contained >n moss 

works To Dec. 6, 1993: "Mak,r..; 
Architecture The Getty Cent,?: 
from Concept through Construc- 
tion." Models, drawings, photo- 
graphs and video interviews tccus. 
on the process ot architecture thi:. 
in 15 years, led to the constructor: 
of the Center. The J. Paul Get^ 
Museum in Malibu is closed ter 
renovations until 2001 . 


GERMANY 


Berlin 

Noue Nationalgalede, tel: (30) 
266-2653. dosed Mondays. Con- 
tinuing/ To Jan. 4: “Bril: Ftucht 


For Short Haul, Take a High-Speed Train 


By Roger Collis 

International Herald Tribune 


T HE new generation of 
high-speed trains is 
setting the pace for 
business travel within 
Europe. Why fly when you 
often can get there more com- 
fortably, conveniently and 
faster by high-speed train — 
sometimes for a third of the 
cost of a business-class air 
ticket? The train can beat the 
plane (and the automobile) 
from center to center on jour- 


than that, I might as weD 
struggle out to the airport,” 
says Mike Platt, director of 
commercial affairs at Hogg 
Robinson Travel in London: 
“Eurostar, winch takes three 
hours from London to Paris is 
a roaring success. But Lon- 
don -Brussels, which takes 
over three hours is not seen to 
be worth it. Three hours 
seems to be the critical cutoff 
jint People catch Eurostar 
wok or go to work on 
Eurostar. If they start their 
journey from home, they’re 


THE FREQUENT TRAVELER 


neys up to 650 kilometers (400 
miles). On short-haul Sights, 
flying time can be as little as 20 
percent of total journey time. 
The time-distance equation is 
shifting in favor of high-speed 
rail versus air travel, but bear 
in mind that comparisons usu- 
ally cite departure to arrival 
times fix air travel but do not 
include die time it takes you to 
get to die train station and then 
to your final destination for rail 


iut as high-speed trains 
become even faster — thanks 
to state-of-the-art rolling 
stock and upgraded trade ; — 
business travelers will be able 
to save time on longer jour- 
neys, which may make die 
airline option less attractive. 

What counts with rail travel 
is the quality of the time. Go- 
ing by plane, the time is 
fraught and fragmented, al- 
lowing more time than yon 
need to get to the airport, 
c hecking in an hour before, 
standing in line, getting on and 
off the plane, taking a taxi at 
the other end. And high-speed 


trains offer superb comfort — 
in nrst-c 


especially in first-class where 
you can expect airline-style 
seating and service worthy of 
long-haul business class, with 
wide- seals, plenty of legroerm 
- flnri meals and drinks served at 
your seat, plus the run of ex- 
ecutive lounges at major ter- 
minals — all in the price of 
your tickeL Take your laptop 
and mobile phone and do a 
pile of work in peace. 

“The patience span for 
business travelers seems to be 
about three hours for train 
journeys; if it’s much longer 


more likely to go to the air- 
port. There’s an enormous 
temptation for people in the 
City who need to go to Paris 
just to go to Waterloo and get 
on the Eurostar rather than 
trying to get out to Heath- 
row.’’ 

Eurostar — with services 
between London- .and Paris 
and Brussels (via Lille in 
northern France) — has 
proved a winning formula 
since it ran die first trains 
through the Chann el Tunnel 
.in November 1994. More 

than ? 5 tr ains a day among die 

three cities will carry around 
6 milli on passengers this 
year, 25 permit of whom are 
business travelers. Eurostar 
claims that its market share 
between London and Paris is 
60 percent of air and rail trav- 
elers. The London-Brussels 
share of 50 percent is expec- 
ted to rocket with the opening 
of a new high-speed line be- 
tween Lille and Brussels last 
Sunday, which rats die jour- 
ney time between London 
ami Brussels by 30 minutes to 
two hours and 30 minutes. (If 
die high-speed link in Britain 
is completed in 2003, Lon-. 
don-Brussels will tab: two 
hours, and London -Paris, two 
hours, 20 minutes.) 


routes, with improved ser- 
vices to Germany. The jour- 
ney time between Paris and 
Brussels has now been cut by 
37 minutes to one hour and 26 
minutes, which extends the 
range of the train for business 
travelers. Brassels-Amster- 
dam, for example, now takes 
two hours, 40 minutes; Lon- 
don-Cologne is now five 
hours, 30 minutes; Paris- Co- 
logne is four hours; and Brus- 
sels-Cologne, two hours and 
30 minutes, soon to be cut to 
one hour and 45 minutes. 

Eurostar has pitched fares 
to compete with airlines. 
Premium First is interchange- 
able with British Midland 
business-class tickets be- 
tween London and Paris or 
Brussels. So you can take the 
train one way and fly back, or 
vice versa. If you take the 
train both ways, you get a free 
Standard Class tickeL The 


round-trip from Paris to Lon- 
don costs 3,1 10 francs (about 
$520), a tad less than the air 
fare. You are allowed a 10- 
minute check-in, a limo trans- 
fer from Waterloo to central 
London, a taxi from the Gate 
du Nord to any central Paris 
address, and other frills. A 
regular first-class round-trip 
costs 2,250 francs; Second 
Plus, a budget business fare, 
for 1,650 francs is about 40 
percent cheaper than a full- 
fare economy round-trip air- 
line tickeL 


it's not easy However, 
rail travel is not always easy 
to book. The problem is that 
travel agents find it hard to 
call up railway schedules on 
their screens. Even rail ex- 
perts have problems. 

Mike Woodward, manager 
of Continental Rail Office, a 
specialist department of 


Hogg Robinson TYavel in 
London, says: “You can 
book airlines around the 
world on a screen. You can’t 
do that yet with raiL The 
French have a ticketing sys- 
tem called Socrates; the Ger- 
mans have a system mIIpH 
Start, which is not really a 
starter at the momeuL They 
haven’t got their acts together 

— especially for cross-border 
travel Computer reservations 
systems like Galileo, Sabre, 
Worlds pan and Amadeus are 
not displaying rail schedules 

— at least, not in a place 
where you can easily find 
them. So they don’t come up 
as an option to agents on the 
screen. We can issue about 60 
percent of rail tickets across 
Europe on the screen. But it’s 
a nightmare. Our bible is the 
Thomas Cook European 
Timetable, which comes out 
every month.’ 



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» 17 








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7 




RAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


On Foreign Policy, Is Clinton Peering Through Rose-Colored Glasses? 


By R. W. Apple Jr. 

New York Tones Service 


WASHINGTON — Although he ac- 
knowledged that work remained to be 
done, President Bill Clinton gave a re- 
markably upbeat assessment of his ad- 
ministration's foreign-policy achieve- 
ments at his news conference Tuesday. 

But the picture was all but unrecog- 
nizable to many in Washington forcign- 


After a period of relative success in 
places like Bosnia, where American di- 
plomacy stanched the bloodletting, and 
Mexico, where a bold American inter- 
vention helped solve a financial crisis. 


will be left by die others to die United 
States and possibly Britain. 

Mr. Clinton also said that, “under foe 
vice president's leadership,” conferees 
in Kyoto this. month bad taken “an ra- 


the tide seems to many to have slowly partant step" toward protecting the 
tamed. U.S. relations with Russia and global environment from the climate- 


policy circles. 
What puzzle 


What puzzled many people about Mr. 
Clinton's words was not their partisan 
nature but die breadth of the claims he 
made at a time when the consensus 
among Western diplomats here is dot 
American foreign relations have hit a 
bad patch. 

They blame not just Mr. Clinton but 
also the intractability of certain prob- 
lems and die difficulty of formulating 
policy in an ambiguous era with little 
agreement on goals, not only across 
party lines but also within parties. 


China, a pair of insecure giants, remain 

relatively stable, if — 

full of unresolved • NEWS A 

questions. But else- 

where, die picture is not nearly so re- 
assuring, diplomats say. 

In Iraq, the United States maintains 
that it has yielded nothing to Saddam 
Hussein to ease die latest crisis there. 

Yet in the behind-the-scenes maneu- 
vering, only Britain among the members 
of the Gnlf War coalition remains stead- 
fast behind the American position, with 
France, Russia, Germany and most Arab 
countries favoring a softening of UN 


penalties. If another confrontation with 
Mr. Saddam develops, furthermore, it 


Mr. Saddam develops, furthermore, it 
appears likely that any military response 


ts, remain warming gases produced by burning 

— - fossil fuels. But Vice 

NEWS ANALYSIS President Al Gore 

. spent less than a day 

riy so re- in Kyoto, and the United States agreed to 
a last-minute compromise on “green- 
main tains house" gas emissions that was rendered 
) Saddam more or less meaningless when Mr. 
s there. Clinton made it clear mat he would not 
ss maneu- submit the treaty to die Senate unless 
i members developing nations made concessions 
Lins stead- they had refused to make at the con- 
tion, with ference. 

nost Arab Again, in the Middle East, even the 
ig of UN forceful intervention of Secretary* of 
ition with State Madeleine Albright has failed to 
srmore, it get peace efforts back on course. Do- 
f response mestic politics in Israel make the nec- 


essary concessions difficult to grant, and 
Arab terrorist attacks strengthen the 
band of the hard-liners. .Mr. Clinton de- 
clined to meet the Israeli prime minister. 
Benjamin Netanyahu, when .he was in 
the united States receudy, an action that 
many, including Mr. Netanyahu, inter- 
preted as a snub. 

The president waved that idea aside 
with the comment that he had met Mr. 
Netanyahu five times and would meet 
with him next year. He said he would 
never insult Israel or the Israeli people; 
careful listeners may have noticed that 
he did not say he would never snub Mr. 
Netanyahu personally. 

Although long accustomed to a Wash- 
ington policy-making process that is 
more haphazard than those typical in 
Europe and Japan, largely because of the 
divisions of power built into the Con- 
stitution, the European and Asian allies 
of the United States appear bewildered 
by what is going on now. 

“What is the structure? What is the 


goal?” asked a Western European for- 
eign minister in a conversation this 
month. “The United States does not 
as deeply engaged as before, and 
where it is engaged, it seems unsure.” - 

A European diplomat based in Wash- 
ington commented that even though the 
United States possessed unmatched mil- 
itary and economic power, neither Con- 
gress nor Mr. Clinton seemed clear on 
exactly how it should be deployed in 
such places as Iraq and Bosnia.' The 
preference, he said, seemed to be for 
* ‘second-guessing each other rather than 
acting.” 

Mr. Clinton has exhibited great re- 
luctance to c ommi t U.S. forces abroad, 
which is not surprising given the 
Pentagon’s considerable skepticism 
about aimed interventions. A case in 
1 point has been the attitude of Defense 
Secretary William Cohen, who has^onty 
belatedly and reluctantly moved toward 
accepting the view that U.S. froops 
should remain in Bosnia after next Jane. 


CAPTURE: 2 Seised to Face War Crimes Trial 


Continued from Page 1 


that Bosnian Serb suspects were allowed to 
live openly by French peacekeeping troops 
operating m eastern Bosnia. 

At about 1 A.M. Thursday, the Dutch 
troops surrounded the home of Vlatko 
Kupreskic in the village of Santici and moved 
in to arrest him, according to NATO officials. 
Mr. Kupreskic opened fire on (he soldiers and 
was wounded by three bullets in the chest, arm 
and leg- NATO officials said his wounds were 
not life-threatening and, after surgery in Bos- 
nia. he was flown Thursday afternoon to the 
Netherlands, where he will stand trial. 

Mr. Solana said in a statement that the 
arrests should “stand as a warning' ' to all other 
persons indicted as war criminals in Bosnia 
that they should surrender immediately. 

Stabilization Force troops are authorized to 
arrest persons indicted as war c riminals when 
they encounter them in the course of their 
duties, according to NATO commanders. 

The former Bosnian Serb wartime leader, 
Radovan Karadzic, and forma: army chief, 
General Ratko Mladic, both indicted twice for 


genocide, remain at liberty. The two men are 
heavily guarded and NATO commanders 


heavily guarded and NATO commanders 
have so far refused to risk the casualties they 
believe would occur in any attempt to capture 
the two men. 

The Hague tribunal has publicly indicted 
78 suspects and ha s issued an unknown num- 


ber of sealed indictments. The court has con- 
victed and sentenced two suspects and has 18 
more, mostly Croats and Muslims, in custody. 
There are some 50 indicted war criminals, 
nearly all of them Serb, who remain at large. 

Auto Funmdzija, the second suspect, was 
arrested in Vitez without incident He arrived 
in The Hague early Thursday. Mr. Funmdzija 
is the subject of a sealed indictment and there 
was no immediate confirmation from Tbe 
Hague of the charges against him 

Mr. Kupreskic, however, is one of the most 
notorious Bosnian Croat war c riminals . He 
has been indicted, along with six other mem- 
bers of the Bosnian Croat HVO militia, for die 
murder of scores of unarmed Muslim civilians 
in AhmiH and eight other settlements in die 
Lasva Valley in April 1993. 

Tbe other six men, including two of Mr. 
Kupreskic's brothers, turned themselves over 
to die tribunal in October. Washington in- 
formed President Todjman that it would block 
international loans to Croatia and cancel a 
mili tary cooperation agreement unless the 
suspects were extradited. 

The killings in the Lasva Valley were part 
of a Croatian campaign to drive Muslims from 
tbe area. There were at least 103 Muslim 
villagers, including 33 women and children, 
slaughtered in Ahmici alone. Most of die 
dwellings were dynamited into rabble by the 
Croats once the Muslims had been driven out 
of tbe valley. 



\i -V •*-- 1—*— 1 




Ex-Security Chief 
Missing in Mexico 


lEdtjH Dtfleflh- feaariMrd IVna 

A group of Bosnian Croats blocking a road in front of Dutch NATO-led soldiers in Bosnia on Thursday. 


New York Times Service 

MEXICO CITY — One of Mex- 
ico's most renowned and feared 
political figures, a former chief of 
internal security, has droppe d from 
public view, setting off widespread 
speculation that he has been kid- 
napped. 

Tbe politician, Fernando Gutier- 
rez Barrios, 70, worked at the heart 
of the country’s political police and 
intelligence system for fourdecades 
and rose to head it as interior min- 
ister for five years after 1988. 

Relatives and bodyguards of Mr. 
Gutierrez Barrios have adamantly 
denied any abduction. They have 
said he is on vacation outside the 
country with his family. 

But since the reports began to 
circulate last week that Mr. Gu- 
tierrez Barrios was sensed on a Mex- 
ico City boulevard on Dec. 10, he 
has not come forward to dispel 
them, and no one in the press has 
been able to locate him. 

Kidnapping for ransom has be- 
come increasingly common in Mex- 
ico, and it is also usual for families 
to issue denials when a relative has 
been abducted. 


TROOPS: 17.5. Forces to Stay in Bosnia Beyond Clinton Deadline 


Continued from Page 1 


be satisfied that it is not a bottomless pit, 
and that what we’re doing there makes 
sense,” he said. 

On Wednesday, two leading Repub- 
lican members of the Senate Aimed Ser- 


involving U.S. security and intelligence 
officials, the allies and Congress — that 
NATO would have to meet to gain U.S. 
approval for an extended role. 

He said that die plan, expected to be 
presented for approval by NATO mem- 
bers next month, would have to set con- 


vices Committee. Strom Thurmond of crete objectives that are “achievable”; 


South Carolina and John Warner of Vir- 
ginia, sent Mr. Clinton a letter saying that, 
among other things, “the European allies 
must do more in the overall effort.” 

Mr. Clinton acknowledged tbe con- 


ensure that the force has tbe size and 
equipment to protect itself; guarantee that 
the United States retains command; say 
that the Europeans “must assume their 
share of responsibility,” argue that die 


tributions of the allies. The Europeans and cost must be “manageable” and specify 
others are providing “three times as many that there must be “substantial support” 


troops as we are, five times as much 
economic assistance” and had received 


from Congress and the American people. 
The president was asked by reporters 


Bosnia is ultimately doomed, Mr. Clin- 
ton responded: “I believe they're pro- 
foundly wrong.” 

He cited a list of achievements by 
NATO peacekeepers in the country. 
These included the demobilization of 
350,000 soldiers and the destruction of 
almost 6,600 heavy weapons; tbe es- 
tablishment of democratic institutions 
and the staging of free elections, the 
rebuilding of roads and schools and the 
beginnings of economic revival. 

“The progress is unmistakable,” Mr. 
Clinton said, “but it is not yet irre- 
versible.” Bosnia, he said, “remains 
poised on a tightrope.” 

Repeatedly asked about missing the 


10 times as many refugees. But, as if in whether he could assure Americans that June deadline, the president said die 


response to Senator Thurmond and Sen- 
ator Warner, he said that was not enough. 
“The longer-term and fundamental chal- 
lenge,” he said, “is to make Bosnia a 
genuine part of Europe. And we hope the 
Europeans will do more.” 

The president listed benchmarks — 
worked out in “intensive consultations” 


their troops would be out of Bosnia 
before his term ends in 2001. 

He said that in agreeing to the earlier 
deadline. “I honestly believed that in 18 
months we could get this done. I wasn't 
right,-so I don’t want to make that error 
again.” To those who have complained 
that any attempt to bring lasting peace to 


ultimate questions were these: “Did we 
do the right thing? Was it in our in- 
terests? Did it further our values? Are tbe 
American people less likely to be drawn 
into some other conflict in Europe 10, 
20, 30 years from now, where the costs 
could be for greater, if we make this 
work? I think they are.” 



BENDS: Firm Again Delays Release of Car 


Continued from Page 1 an emergency swerve to avoid wildlife. 

“Schrempp will not take risks,” said 
The company's prompt withdrawal of one Daimler executive. “He is a no- 
foe Smart car from ite production sched- nonsense manager. He already has seen 


ole was a radical move meant to avert bow quickly such situations can blow up 


farther damage to its image so soon after in your foce. - - 


foe A-class debacle, analysts said. 

A quality andii of foe micro-compact 
Smart car, built for an 81-percent-neld 
D aimler subsidiary, discovered techni- 


The promotional blitz that accompan- 
ies new models has been suspended, 
Daimler officials said. 

Mr. Schrempp, 53, once dabbed foe 


cal flaws in the two-seater only three ‘cost-cutting “Rambo” of German man- 
months ahead of foe March introduction agers, recently boasted that be person- 


date, Daimler offi cials said. 


ally will be at foe wheel of a Smart car to 


executive, demanded a six-month delay 
until October to give engineers time to 
widen foe car’s wheel base, shift the 
vebicl&’s weight closer to foe ground and 
retool foe production line. 


, tbe Daimler chief conduct an elk test. 


In-house test drivers, however, 
already have managed to tip ova* several 
Smart cars during “extreme driving 
tests,’ ’ according to Nicolas Hayek, vice 
chairman of foe Micro Compact Car joint 


Tbe company’s unprecedented ex- venture between Daimler and Swiss- 
pansion into the crowded market for based Societe Suisse de Microelectro- 

A. — . J' If J ■ n * /(linn 


President Bill Clinton announcing 
Thursday his decision on Bosnia. 


inexpensive hatchbacks stumbled in Oc- 
tober when foe A-class four-seater 
flipped over in foe course of an “elk 
test,'’ a. maneuver meant to simulate 


EUROPE: Asia Puts Damper on Recovery STUCK: South Korean Commerce Dries Up as Confidence Fails 


Continued from Page 1 


is still overwhelmingly export-led, this 
sector of the economy could be hit by a 
drop in demand not only from export 
markets in Asia, but also from less 
spending by emerging markets in East- 
ern Europe and Latin America, which 
have reduced demand by raising interest 
rates in response to foe Asian crisis. 


of their capital investment on technol- 
ogy aimed at modernizing and increas- 
ing productivity and less on capacity 
expansion. So we are probably looking 
at the kind of investments that destroy 
rather than create jobs.” 

Tbe one hope shared by nearly all 
economists is that central banks will take 
into account foe Asian crisis and the still 
tentative level of consumer confidence 


Continued from Page 1 


exporters whose business should be 
booming. Each sale in U.S. dollars now 


to opening a letter of credit with a tele- that prices are at bargain levels now. but 
phone call are finding that they have to corporate disclosure is poor and so it is 
visit foe bank and bring cash in advance, difficult for investors to know whether 


nique et d’Horiogerie SA (SMH). 

Conceived to foster a stylish sense of 
cachet with splashy colors, the Smart car 
also is dubbed the “Swatchmobile” be- 
cause of its ties to SMH, a company best 
known for making trendy Swatch wrist- 
waiches. Mr. Hayek is chairman of 
SMH, which holds 19 percent of foe 
joint venture. 

“The most important problem with 
foe Smart car is elk test.” Mr. Hayek 
said in an interview. “We have to im- 


eams far more Korean won than it would orders this month, except for afew critical 

i t: - „ a... ^ v: 


“Our. customers have canceled aU our foey are getting a bargain or a company prove this and we are doing this.” Other 


‘What is creating new uncertainty,' ’ and keep interest rates low into 1998. advantage of their new co 
I Eric Chaney, a former French Trras- Previous forecasts had called for a rise “It’s very bad,” said Ja 
official who is now chief economist in German and French interest rates in sales manager at Sam Woi 
forgan Stanley in Paris, “is the Asian the spring of 1998 and a decline in Italian exports a wide variety of 
is. which I tote very seriously.” and Spanish rates so as to achieve a ing inner tubes and hair dr 


said Eric Chaney, a former French Treas- 
ury official who is now chief economist 
of Morgan Stanley in Paris, “is foe Asian 
crisis, which I take very seriously.” 

Mr. Chaney said Morgan Stanley had 
cut its 1998 growth forecast far Western 
Europe to 2.7 percent from 3.1 percent 


have earlier this year, so that exporters 
can cut prices and still earn bigger 
profits. But with foe breakdown of foe 
trade finance and credit networks, ex- 
porters are finding that they cannot take 
advantage of their new competitiveness. 
“It’s very bad,” said Jack J. C. Park, a 

exports^ wide variety of goods includ- 


items,” said Kim Young Tae, a manager 
at Hong Jin Trading Co., which imports 
technical materials for the steel industry. 
“If the situation goes on like this, we’ll 
have to fire some of our employees.” 

International banks do not trust South 


that is going bankrupt 
Most South Korean exporters relied 
on complex mechanisms that allowed 
them to get payment from a bank as soon 


problems include the Deed to upgrade 
some of tbe 5,000 parts used in foe car, 
Mr. Hayek said. 

The enduring crisis over Daimler’s 


as foey shipped their goods, before the compact cars claimed its first career 
buyer paid by letter of credit or other casualties. At a Thursday board meeting. 


International banks do not trust South means. Now foe banks are shrinking Johann Tomforde was removed from his 
Korean banks and so have been reluctant their loan portfolios, and companies are job as head of the Smart car's devef- 
to roll over loans or to arrange trade finding that foey cannot get financing, opment and production according to a 
transactions. Foreign investors feel they “In the past, we knew exactly when statement issued by foe joint venture No 


statement issued by the joint venture. No 


i Spanish rates so as to achieve a ing inner tubes aod hair dryers. “Money have been lied to so many times by South we could get funds and we cotild plan replacement has been named. 
teaogd'JJevgl of interestraresof about has to flowjn^an^economy, but now it’s’ Korean aufooritiesjhat they are afraid of how best to use that money,” said Kent Daimler said foe A-class delay would 


4 percent before tbe launch of foe euro. 
Now, with inflation in most major 


because of a drop in Asia’s demand for European economies at 2 percent or less, 
European goods and foe loss of com- analysts think that interest rates will not 
peotrveness oa foe part of European be raised for the next few months. “We 
producers to Asian exporters that are- are revising Our interest-rate forecasts,” 


stuck. It doesn't move.” new minefields in the coming weeks. Choi, an assistant ™ nagt-r at Chi 

“People .aren’t getting paid by cus- ' “Credibility is tbe most impor tant Hwa Sung Co_, which exports 
tomers,” be said. “And even if they have factor at foe moment,” said Lee Won D, chemical products. “But now w 
land or b u i l di n gs, they can't sell them, head of research at KEB Smith Barney, get funds when we need them.” 

Anri tfiAi; run ’f Kmmn/ finm honlrr “ A» *1.. - -->■ £ ■ - 


gaining from cheaper currencies. 

Apart from the Asian crisis, doubts 
are growing about both business and 
consumer confidence in key economies, 
such as Germany and France. 

In Germany, business confidence fell 
for tbe second straight month in Novem- 
ber, as fears grew about the way the Asian 
crisis could hit export growth next year, 
in France, uncertainty created by plans 


Mr. Walter said. “We were expecting 
something like a half percentage point 
increase in interest rates for ewe Euro- 
pean countries, but now we think that 
rates will be left at the same level, be- 
tween 3.25 percent and 3 JO percent." 

The prospect of modest growth is bad 
news tor Europe's 18 million unem- 
ployed. Even a 3 percent growth rate in 
1998 would not make much of a deni in 


And they can’t borrow from banks, be- 
cause the banks have no money. Many 
good companies are going bankrupt be- 
cause foe money doesn’t flow.” 

If export co mpanies are having dif- 
ficulties, then foe crisis is incomparably 
worse among importers. Imports now cost 
almost twice whal they did a few months 
ago, and trading companies accustomed 


Securities. “At the moment, no one 
really believes the government any more. 


Without financing, companies are 
finding it very difficult to import foe raw 


and no one has any idea about foe eco- materials they need or to pay their sup- 
nomic blueprint of the next president.” pliers on time. Many companies say they 
The stock market is a good sauce " 


The stock market is a good gauge of hope to take advantage of a cheapo- ex- 
foe mood, and it has hovered at a 10-year change rate ml bolster exports next year. 


low, rising over foe last few days in 
hopes, no matter how tentative, that foe 
worst might be over. Many people think 


Bui many emphasize that the rising prices 
of imported raw materials make it hard to 
benefit from foe cheaper currency. 


results by 200 million DM. 

On Thursday, foe company said the 

delays with the Smart car will cost it 300 

million DM, a figure that includes re- 
imbursements to dealers. 

Daimler, Germany’s biggest indus- 
trial group, also announced Thursday 
that its 1997 sales rose more than 13 
peremi from a yrar earlier to a record 
120 billion DM , the biggest percentage 
rise this decade. 


In France, uncertainty created by plans 1998 would not make much of a deni in T> L 1 1/ |A 17YTTI. * -i. D TT O T , ^ n . r a • 

for legislation introducing a 3S-hour foe persisting jobs crisis, economists .LU lilTeutenS tO iSOn U.\ Imports Over rOllCmM Oj AntlOlOtlCS and Hnrmnnae 

working week hv the vear 2000 was said sav. Unemolovmenr is now at an 11.1 * o J 'WflgS 


working week by the year 2000 was said 
by analysts to be forcing companies to 
put off major new investment decisions. 

“What 1 am worried about,” said 
Patrick Artus, chief economist at foe 
French government’s Caisse ties Depots 
& Consignations, “is that while we really 
had an acceleration of growth between 
May and September, with a real recovery 
in investments, it might prove to have 
been a very short-lived cycle.” 

Mr. Artus, like other economists, said 
rfeir across Europe the Asian crisis 


would probably shave half a percentage percent in 1998. 


say. Unemployment is now at an 1L1 
percent European average rate. 

Germany is also entering an election 
year, which most analysts suggest will 
hold up any significant welfare or labor- 
market reforms. “I don't see such re- 
forms before next autumn’s elections,” 
Mr. Walter said. “We will move at Ger- 
man speed, which is a snail's pace.” 

In New York, Carl Weinberg of High 
Frequency Economics said drat it was 
not so much foe Asian crisis that led him 
to forecast growth of not more than 2-5 


Continued from Page 1 
meal from Europe “to protect human and 


animal health, to protect the security of foe Food and Drug Administration. 


imports, the Agriculture Department made Britain banned sales of beef on the 

an exception for tallow, ana it said gelatin bone tins month after a scientific corn- 
imports would remain under foe control of mittee said foal BSE possibly could be 


point off foe expected revival. But he 
said that “in France economic policies 
play a clearly negative role” as far as 
investment is concerned. 


Mr. Weinberg said: “Europe is 
shackled by its own stodgy labor-market 
practices, and foal is why Europe is not 
going to grow by more than 2J> percent 


“French companies are already more next year. Wbat is wrong with Europe is 
sensitive to maximizing value for share- not a cheap Korean won. It is that people 


holders, and so they will try to employ 
less capital,” Mr. Artus said. “But foie 
main reaction to the idea of a 35-hour 
week is that companies will spend more 


won’t invest because they don’t want to 
undertake foe commitment to hire new 
labor because of the high costs of hiring, 
firing and maintaining labor.” 


our export markets and to protect die 
safety and integrity of our food supply.” 

A commission spokesman, Gerry 
Kiely, retorted that foe ban was “dis- 
proportionate” and “not well founded.” 

The EU still is threatening to ban $4 5 
billion in tallow and gelatin imports 
from foe United States because of foe 
“mad cow” risk. These products, 
widely used in foe cosmetics and phar- 
maceutical industries, are made by boil- 
ing animal carcasses, including parts 
that recent scientific research -indicates 
are likely vectors of the disease. 

Washington has described foe pro- 
posed ban. which has been put off at least 
until April, as protectionist There has 
never been a U.S. case of the disease. 

In its ban last week of some EU meat 


ind Drug Ac 

spongifonn 


encephalopathy , or 


of such cases, but the long-term con- 
sequences are unknown because, like 
mad cow disease, Creuzfeldt-Jakob 
hasa long incubation period. 

The World Trade Qrsanizniinn mi&ri 


uki rood and Drag Administration. transmitted through bone and marrow, has a long incubation nerirH ciaimjaK0D 

_ fckmne spongiform encephalopathy, or Britain will also prohibit a wide range The World Trade rwIIX ■ . j 

SJ ranSmitted trough of meat products from its EU neighbors in favor of foe 01 ? 

cattle feed containing material from in- as of Jan. 1 because of a possible disease this year over their ™ t ^ s . and Canada 
fecred animals. Scientist say foey believe risk. The ban will not affect imports of 1989 EU ^ boat a 

the disease can be transmitted to humans meat on foe bone provided it is deboned containing hormone tu m ^ r , ^P 01 ^ 
as a new va ri a n t of Creutzfektt-Jakob dis- before sale to foe public. After suffering body said foe ban Irai * e 

ease,an incurabJe and fatal brain affliction, the world’s worst outbreak of “mad scientific grounds ^justified on 
The disease is caused by a litde-under- cow” disease, with thousands of re- appealed fo^lim, commission has 
stood agent called a prion. Srioitists on ported cases. Britain says its procedures ■ tin Lie to bar hormriii^ con * 

both sides of foe Atlantic are concerned are now safe because it excludes animals it loses foe cav tv, mea t even if 

tto^nsequ^ could be devastating if more than 30 months old — those most to rale on S;^. WT0 was ex P ecIed 
humans. at risk of the disease — from foe food Hormones ne * 1 momh - 

The EU s scientific steering commit- chain. growth bu?Fif used to accelerate 

tee recommended stricter controls this The EU banned global exports of Brit- possible lbe y are 

month on foe rale of meat, including a ish beef last year -after scientific ev- The a . 

ten on mat sold on foe bone, such as T- , idence that . mysterious cases of cast reco3hWw.° f ^gneukure fore- 
bone Steaks, ard on a vanety of mutton Creuzfeldt-Jakob disease among young next year totaling*! «cpons 

products. Sheep suffer from a related adults had been caused by eating in- European l Inion 4 bLUl0n . with the 

disease called scrapie. fected meat. Britain has reported a score ket afreTjapan ° sec0nd - la rgest mar- 


The EU’s scientific steering commit- 
tee recommended stricter controls this 
month on foe sale of meat, including a 
ten on meat sold on foe bone, such as T- 




The expansion of free trade — and ite 
corollary, the expansion of foe number 
of market-economy democracies — - has 
been the most consistent theme m Amer- 
ican policy in the last decade. 

Among Mr- Clinton's successes: foe 
North American Free Trade Agreement 
and American approval of foe Uruguay 
round of the General Agreement on Tar- 
iffs and Trade. He had hoped to build on 
those successes in his second wrnv but 
he was handed a bitter defeat by Con- 
gress when he sought added authority to 
conclude future deals. 

In some senses, Congress has been foe 

jargest impediment to the development 
of acoherent foreign policy in the period 
following foe Cold War, where mere is 
no organizing principle comparable to 
foe long straggle to stem Communist 
expansion. A majority of House mem- 
bers and 40 percent of the senators have 

been elected since the fall of foe Berlin 
Wall. A third of all members of Con- 
gress are said to lack passports. 


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BUSINESS/FINANCE 



FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


PAGE 13 


uniur . pcrtu$alcfcter. com 


Kia Motors 
Soldiers On 
After Failure 


By Don Kirk 

Special to the Herald Tribune 


ASAN BAY, South Korea - n>e 

tong line bearing frames of Kia Motors 
Corp. s latest car model quietly stopped, 
and assembly-line workers began play- 
ing table tennis, opening up newspapers 
and chatting with each other. 

“The line is going half speed,” said 
D an D ong Ho, a general manager at the 
company’s largest production facility, a 
modern complex capable of producing 
650,000 cars a year. ‘‘That’s bec anse 
the Korean situation is very bad. If the 
Korean market is better, the line speed is 
better.” 

The dilemma at the unit of Kia Group, 
one of tiie first major South Korean 
conglomerates, or chaebol, to go into 
receivership and near-bankruptcy, 
mirrored mat of a range of domestic 
industries and financial institutions — 

and indeed that of the entire nation in 

an era of crippling debts and supervision 
by the International Monetary Fund. 

Although the Fund wants to impose a 
kind of discipline that shuts down mon- 
ey-losing companies, most of the chae- 
bol are struggling to stay alive and afloat 
in the same do-or-die spirit that elevated 
South Korea to economic success after 
the devastation of the Korean War. 

Kia saves as a symbol of the myriad 
financial and economic dilemmas to be 
laced by the incoming government of 
President Kim Dae Jung, who was elect- 
ed Thursday, as it tries to balance the need 
to save jobs and even entire industries 
against the necessity of restructuring and 
opening up the nation's economy for the 
era of international competition. 

Kia Motors, often dismissed as barely 
alive amid mounting debts and pes- 
simistic forecasts for the auto industry, 
keeps right on humming — albeit at a 
speed that raises daily alarms about its 
viability — five months after it was put 
into receivership. 



In this huge complex, built on re- 
claimed land by a natural port, the ev- 
idence of Kia’ s profligate investment as 
well as its will to succeed is apparent. 
Robots do more than 90 percent of the 
work once expected of humans in some 
of the individual plants, including one 
producing engines for all Kia vehicles. 

Kia Motors executives cite an Econ- 
omist Intelligence Unit survey this year . 
that judged the automaker the w odd’s 
fourth most efficient — alter the Japanese 
giants Honda Motor Co., Toyota Motor 
Cocp. and Nissan Motor Co. — in terms 
of work accomplished per employee. 


See KIA, Page 17 


CYBERSCAPE 


Dreaming of an On-Line Christmas? 


By Victoria Shannon 

International HeraM Tribune 


PARIS — Go for it Buy something 
on-line this holiday season just for the 
thrill of it and prove to yourself that 
your worst fears are completely un- 
justified. 

This is, the experts say, the Year of 
the On-line Shopper — finally, enough 
merchants, security and Internet users 
id make up a critical mass. Choice, 
price and value are served up this 
Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanza for 
those willing to blaze the traiL 

I have never done a whole season of 
Christmas shopping on-line as I prob- 
ably will do this year, but I have bought 
more than a handful of products di- 
gitally in the past year or so. My ex- 
perience has been no worse than any 
mail-order encounter — and some- 
times better. 

Last Noel, for example, I ordered 
on-line a mini ature pinball-type toy 
from a well-known chain as a gift, and 
it was disappointingly smaller and 
chintzier than the image I had seen on 
America Online. But I likely would 
have had the same experience buying 
out of a catalogue. 

Conversely, I sent my mother and 
sister bonsai plants for Mother’s Day 
this year from an AOL vendor, and my 
mother ended up with two for the pice 
of one. Another mistake — gratefully, 
in my favor — that could have been 
duplicated via mail order. 

Grunted, I'm probably more trusting 
on the Internet than your average con- 
sumer — I register for every free trial 
and free download that I come across 
on the Internet. But as open as I’ve 
been, I don’t think I’ve suffered fi- 
nancially for it. 

So to get your mouse finger 
limbered up, here are a few useful areas 
to cruise before you type in your credit 


card number and send it mi its merry 
way across the Net. 

. Be preparedj though, to spend at 
least a full evening at your cybershop- 
ping adventure. Besides comparison 
shopping, you’ll get easily distracted 
with all the interesting links you’ll run 
into. 

• If you can't bring yourself to take 
the plunge, there's always a digital 
greeting card. While yon can find 
scores on any search engine, there’s a 
compact collection at www.ya- 
hoo.com (follow links to holiday-re- 
lated pages from the horns page). Most 
of the cards are free, many are well 
done; some are complicated to use. 

Of course, there also are lots of sites 
that are fairing letters to Santa firms 
this year. Look for ones that send a 
“personalized” reply. And a multiple- 
choice “what I want for Christmas” 
list is available to be e-mailed to your 
favorite gift-givers at kumo.swcp.com/ 
Santa (tint's correct; no “ www” at the 
beginning). 

• Still hesitant to fork over that Mas- 
terCard number? Rod up on what a 
traditional off-line expert says about 
non traditional on-line purchases: The 
Better Business Bureau has advice at 
www.bbb.org/libraiy/cybershop Jjtml. 
PC Magazine has its own take at 
www^etcoin/pcm^/features/e- 
comm_sites/sb2.htm. 

• Here are a couple of places that 
aspire to make you a smarter consumer. 
These sites help you evaluate where 
you’re shopping (www.bizrare.com), 
what you're buying (www.prodoctre- 
vierwnet.com) and now much it costs 
(www. comparemet). 

• Computer items, books and music 
CDs are among the easiest items to buy 
on-line; there are scads of World Wide 
Web sites for such items, and they are 
very competitive in price and selec- 
tion. 


Harder — and more important, I 
think — is making clever gift decisions 
for children, especially if you don’t 
have any yourself. Tty these two sites 
for some guidance: Dr. Toy at 
www.drtoy.conVdrtoy/mdexJjtml and 
Newsweek’s Parent's Guide to Chil- 
dren's Software at wwwjtewsweek- 
parentsguide.com. 

A well-rounded self-starting shop- 
ping guide is offered by Visa at shop- 
guide. yaboo.com (no www. at the be- 
ginning). Or you can access America 
Online’s retail mania through the 
keyword “shopping.” The other con- 
sumer on-line services have lots of 
options too. 

• Here’s one of your last stops: the 
delivery services. Federal Express 
Coro. (wwwJedex.com) set die stan- 
dard, and United Parcel Service of 
America Inc. (www.ups.com) has 
joined in — both allow you to track the 
progress of your goods if you have the 
shipment number. 

• Tune to get truly adventurous and 
try an on-line auction. At these sites, 
you compete against your fellow net- 
izens making on-line bids for new, top- 
flight retail merchandise: www.zanc- 
tion.com and www.onsale.com are two 
of them. 

It’s awfully tempting when you see 
that the latest high bid for a 52,000 
digital video camera is only at about 
$500 — at least for now. I don’t have 
enough experience at these to know if 
you can ever get a good deal from this 
>, bm it’s fun to try and watch. 

it should be fun to make 


experimental holiday purchase on 
thewlxlfyoi 


an 


you can’t bring yourself to 
doit now, at least take a gander at some 
of the on-line arenas for future use. 


There’s always Valentine’s Day. 
•iaShannc 


Victoria Shannon can be e-mailed at 
VShannon on America Online, Com- 
puServe, MSN and Prodigy. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Cross Rates 





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337 - 337 
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358 356 

537 531 


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28735 29000 ^115 
Now York 28000 28930 -150 


US. doUm per ounce. London official 
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Record Exports Cut U.S. Trade Gap 

But Deficit With Japan Soars, a Sign That Asia Crisis Hurts America 


Cowftitd try Onr Staff /Vornflufu&tes 

WASHINGTON — America’s trade 
deficit with the rest of the world nar- 
rowed sharply in October, to $9.7 bil- 
lion, as a record level of exports helped 
to offset a relentless climb in imports. 

But in an ominous sign, the U.S. def- 
icit with Japan soared to the highest level 
in two and a half years. Analysts are 
forecasting increased deficits with all 
Asian countries next year as the U.S. 
economy feels the effects of the financial 
turmoil that has engulfed the region. 

The Commerce Department report 
Thursday showed that the overall trade 
deficit fell 13.7 percent from the 
Sc 


icncit reu i s.i percent trom the 
September figure of SI 1 .3 billion. 

Even with the improvement, the trade 


deficit through the first 10 months of 
this year is running at an annual rate of 


$114 billion, compared with the $111 
ice for all 


billion unbalance for all of last year. 

Economists are predicting an even 
bigger deficit for 1 998 as Asian imports 
flood the country, made suddenly cheap- 
er because of the sharp currency de- 
valuations that have occurred in Asia. 

A rising U.S. trade deficit is expected 
to be the main adverse impact felt in the 


United States by the economic turmoil 
that has forced South Korea, Indonesia 
and Thailand to nun to the International 

Monetary Fund for huge loan guaran- 
tees to stabilize their economies. 

Forecasters say Asia's problems 
could cut economic growth in the 
United States by one-half of a percent- 
age point or more next year. 

Cynthia Lana, an economist at DRI- 
McGraw Hill Inc., said. “The depre- 
ciation of the Asian currencies means 
their goods are going to be available 
here at fire-sale prices, while our ex- 
ports will be hurt because our products 
will be more expensive, and their econ- 
omies are slowing.” 

In a separate report Thursday, the 
Labor Department said weekly appli- 
cations for unemployment benefits rose 
by 5,000 last week, to a seasonally ad- 
justed 3 19,000. The increase was in line 
with expectations, but analysts said the 
job market remained tight. Unemploy- 
ment in the United States is currently at 
a 24-year low of 4.6 percent 

America’s growing trade gap has 
caused political headaches for Resident 
Bill Clinton, contributing to protection- 


ist pressures that last month helped de- 
til hi* 


rail his effort to win renewed trade ne- 
gotiating authority from Congress. 

To moderate the rising deficits, the 
White House has been urging Japan to 
do more to stimulate domestic demand, 
rather than rely on increased sales to the 
United Stales. 

Meanwhile in Japan, the Finance 
Ministry said the country’s trade surplus 
in November widened 58.7 percent from 
a year earlier, to 1 .06 trillion yen ($8.3 1 
billion), the eighth consecutive rise. 

Exports in the month rose 6.4 percent 
from a year earlier, to 4.22 trillion yen. 
while imports dropped 4.2 percent, to 
3.16 trillion yen, the ministry said. 

Imports dropped for the first time in 
43 months, while exports extended their 
rise far the 28th consecutive month. 

For October, the U.S. deficit with 
Japan rose 14.3 percent, to $5.87 billion, 
the worst showing since April 1995. 
The deficit with China, which set a 


record in September, narrowed 5.9 per- 


cent in October, to $5.2 billion, as 
exports climbed to a record $1.4 billion 
with increased sales of soybeans and 
commercial aircraft. AFP) 


Thai Bank Chief Says It’s Not Over Yet 


ITdBatiT/ilnilm 

A Kia Motors worker checking engine parts for the struggling carmaker. 


By Thomas Crampton 

International Herald Tribune 


Intermittent stoppage of the assembly 
line, carrying the Shuma. a sedan that Kia 
unveiled just last week, is commonplace 
in this period of ti gh t money and an 
increasingly sluggish domestic market 
For Kia Motors, the fact that the 
assembly lines are moving at all may be 
a miracle — and yet company exec- 
utives and managers talk of expanding 
production into the next century. 

“Our major investment in infrastruc- 
ture was completed two years ago.” 
said Um Song Yong, a director at the 


BANGKOK. — Many Southeast 
Asian currencies strengthened against 
the dollar for the second day running 
Thursday, but the governor of Thai- 
land's central bank warned that it was 
premature to say storm clouds had 
cleared from the region's markets. 

“Stability for two days? You do not 
call this stability,” Chaiyawat 
Wibulswasdi. governor of the Bank of 
Thailand, said in an interview. 

An appearance t>y President Suharto 
of Indonesia, which eased concern 
about his health, lifted the Indonesian 
rupiah by 12 percent in early trading 
Thursday. The currency, which had 
plunged 20 percent last week on spec- 
ulation that he was ill, finished theiday at 
5,205 to the dollar, a gain of 5 percent. 

The currencies of Malaysia, Singa- 
pore and the Philippines also improved. 

The baht surged 11 percent, to a 
twelve-day high of 42.55 baht per dollar 
following the central bank's announce- 
ment of a better-than-expected im- 
provement of Thailand’s current-ac- 
count deficit The baht gave up some of 1 
its gains later in the day, finishing up 5 
percent at 44. 15 to the dollar. 

Despite this positive note, Thailand's 
centra) bank governor warned that a 
farther weakening of Asia’s currencies 



Chaiyawat Wibulswasdi, chief of 
Thai central bank, urges the West 
to play bigger role in Asa’s crisis. 


would have global repercussions, and 
sUnit 


he urged the United States and Europe 
to consider getting more involved in 
limiting the regional crisis. 

“The problem we are facing is be- 
yond our expectations, and the senti- 
ment of the market players is too pes- 
simistic,” Mr. Chaiyawat said. “Let’s 
hope that the situation does not worsen', 
because if that happens it is going to be 
very difficult for the countries in the 
region to handle it, and it will have 
repercussions on a worldwide basis.” 


Mr. Chaiyawat said that by the end of 
the year, the amount of nonperforming 
loans held by Thai banks would likely 
reach 16 percent, double the level of six 
months earlier. 

He also said he would like to further 
tighten die definition of nonpeffonning 
loans to three months of nonpayment of 
interest. As of Jan. 1, rules defining 
nonpeffonning loans will be tightened to 
six months from the current 12 months 
of nonpayment of interest, so Mr. Chaiy- 
awat said a further tightening might have 
to wait as long as three years. 

“It will not be done immediately,” 
he said, “but it will strengthen the as- 
sessment of asset quality in the financial 
sector, and it is better to show the truer 
picture of the Thai economy.” 

Mr. Chaiyawat said that while the situ- 
ation for Thailand was bad, international 
markets were being too negative. While 
inflation stood at 7.6 percent in Novem- 
ber, this was modest considering how 


much the baht had fallen, he said. 

But he added that the inflation rate 
could hit double digits within seven 
months, and said the economy would 
probably not grow for two years, and 
could actually contract. 

“We have to find a balance between 
the reduction of the current-account” 
deficit and avoiding a recession, he said. 

Just a year after Thailand posted one 
of the world’s worst current-account 
deficits, the plunge of the baht since July 
2 has virtually halted imports, sharply 
improving the current-account, which is 
the largest measure of trade. 

Thailand’s current-account deficit, 
which last year stood at a $ 14 billion, or 
about 8 percent of gross domestic 
product, will fall this year as the 
monthly figure has been a surplus since 
October, Mr. Chaiyawat said. 

“For this year, we do not expect the 
current-account deficit to exceed $5 bil- 
lion, or about three percent of GDP,” 
Mr. Chaiyawat said. “This is a remark- 
able improvement ’ ’ 

Mr. Chaiyawat declined to comment 
on recent criticism that die central b ank 
allowed bard-currency reserves to 
dwindle and spent 450 billion baht to 
back 58 ailing finance companies, most 
of which were later declared insolvent 

■ Finance Executives Charged 

The central bank said Thursday that it 
had filed embezzlement charges against 
top executives of one of the 56 insolvent 
finance companies closed by the gov- 
ernment last week. The Associated 
Press reported 

The police were asked to freeze the 
assets of the Chao Pbaya Finance & 
Securities Co. executives and bar them 
from leaving Thailand. 

The Bank of Thailand declined to 
release the names or number of ex- 
ecutives accused or say how much 
money was involved. 


Clinton Works the Phone on Asia Crisis 


By David E. Sanger 

New York Tunes Sen ice 


WASHINGTON — As Asia's finan- 
cial crisis has deepened. President Bill 
Clinton has become personally in- 
volved in the effort to persuade Asian 
leaders to follow American-designed 
plans to stabilize their economies. 

In a blitz of phone calls, he has un- 
derscored the risks of much broader trou- 
ble for the world economy if they fail to 
act, American and Asian officials say. 

On Nov. 27, for example, Mr. Clinton 
railed Kim Yo n no S am, the depar ting 
president of South Korea, to argue that 
time had run out on negotiations over the 
terms of a bailout from the International 
Monetary Fund. In the days leading up 
to the call. South Korea's banking sys- 
tem seemed just days away from in- 
solvency, and the president’s economic 
advisers said that failures in the world’s 
1 1th- largest economy could resonate in 
Japan and around the globe. 

After several more efforts to ease the 
Fund’s terms. Mr. Kim’s government 
reluctantly reached agreement But a 
Seoul official said some in the gov- 
ernment “resented the use of presidential 
pressure,” especially because they be- 
lieved — largely accurately — that some 
of the roughest elements or the economic 
prescription were drafted by the U.S. 
treasury secretary. Robot Rubin. 

Mr. Clinton’s intervention with Mr. 
Kim and Prime Minister Ryutaro Ha- 
shimoto of Japan carries political risks. It 
is far from clear that the Amen can-de- 
signed approach to economic revival 
will succeed. Even if it does, Mr. Clin- 
ton's intercession could let Korean labor 
union s, I aid-off Thais and Tokyo politi- 
cians blame W ashing ton for their pain. 

A growing number of critics in the 
United States and across Asia argue that 
the IMF is not only acting at Wash- 
ington’s bidding but that it is protecting 
foreign investors, including many 
American banks and businesses, that 
nwA> foolish investments in Asia. Some 
say that the’ prescriptions the Fund is 
enforcing in South Korea, Thailand and 
Indonesia will squeeze the growth out of 
those countries, touch off unemploy- 
ment and risk social unrest. 

The While House never disclosed 


Mr. Clinton's phone call to Mr. Kim, in 
itself a telling sign. While the admin- 
istration has been eager to announce 
meeting after meeting related to the Iraq 
crisis, in hopes that the attention will 
frighten Saddam Hussein, it has been 
loath to reveal presidential involveriient 
in the Asian financial crisis. 

“The worry." a White House official 
said, “is that the mere announcement 
that the president was meeting his ad- 
visers about Asia would drive the mar- 
kets crazy, and that's exactly what we- 
are trying to avoid.” 

Both American and Asian officials 
say Mr. Clinton has increasingly been 


swept in. His role expanded as South 
Korea began to falter, and Mr. Rubin 
and his deputy, Lawrence Summers, 
argued that failure to stop the Asian 
panic in Seoul could threaten Japanese 
banks and, eventually, reach America. 

Mr. Clinton has had a rocky rela- 
tionship with Mr. Kim, especially in the 
1994 crisis involving a suspected North 
Korean nuclear weapons program. But 
Mr. Clinton had an advantage: Wash- 
ington holds tremendous sway over the 
IMF and could block any rescue package. 
In fact, the negotiations dragged on for 


See LOBBY, Page 17 


Wal-Mart Moves Into Europe 

Biggest VS, Retailer to Bay Wertkaufi a Chain in Germany 


Cmftirdbf Otr Staff Fnm Dcporta 

FRANKFURT — Wal-Mart Stores 
Inc. said Thursday it would buy Ger- 
many’s 21-unit Wcrtkauf hypermar- 
ket chain, marking the European de- 
but of America’s biggest retailer. 

Wal-Mart would not disclose fi- 
nancial information about the pur- 
chase from the Mann family, but it 
said it expected to complete the pur- 
chase this month. The stores have 
annual sales of 2.5 billion Deutsche 
marks ($1.41 billion), making Wert- 
kauf the I5tb-Iargesr food retailer in 
Germany, according to the British 
consulting firm Corporate Intelli- 
gence on Retailing. 

Bob Martin, president and chief 
executive officer of Wal-Mart Inter- 
national, said in a statement that Wal- 
Mart had been looking for “some 
time” for foe right opportunity to 
enter Europe, specifically Germany, 
Europe’s largest retail market. 

“wertkauf matched foe criteria 
necessary for foe successful introduc- 
, tion of foe Wal-Mart concept into foe 
German market,’ ’ he said. Wertkauf $ 
stores, centered in central and south- 
ern Germany, are similar to Wal- 
Marts, combining food, clothing and 
other dry goods, the company said. 


But German retail sales have fallen 
in four of foe past five years, plagued 
by poor consumer demand and re- 
strictive zoning that makes it hard to 
build new stores, especially big ones. 
The value-added tax will rise to 16 
percent from 15 percent in April, 
clouding foe 1998 outlook. Limited 
shopping hours, extended a year ago 
only to 8 P-M. on weekdays and 4 
P.M. most Saturdays, have driven oth- 
er foreign companies away. 

“Wal-Mart is not used to being No. 
15.” said Robert dark, a consultant 
with Corporate Intelligence in London. 

The problems, though, could make 
Germany more attractive to Wal-Mart 
because Its efficiency and buying 
power will give it a significant com- 
petitive advantage, said Peter Brown, 
managing director of Kurt Salmon 
Associates Europe, which advises re- 
tail companies. 

“Wal-Mart is a very strategic, 
long-term player.” Mr. Brown said. 
“It’s almost opportunistic for them to 
come in when the others are focused 
on shoh-teim problems.” 

Wal-Mart shares closed 50 cents 
lower ai $39.56 on Thursday on foe 
New York Stock Exchange. 

(Bloomberg, AP ) 






BfVGE 14 


THE AMERICAS 


The Dow 


30-Year T-Bond Yieid 



J A S O N 0 ' J "A S ~0 N D ' 

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Sourcg Bloomberg, Reuters imouMal Hcrafai Tribune 


Very briefly; 

• The U.S. Air Force postponed until Monday an announce- 
ment regarding who would win a $4.5 billion contract to 
manage its fleet of intercontinental ballistic missiles: a team 
lead by TRW Inc. or one led by Alliant Tec hsy stems Inc. 
Separately. TRW said it had abandoned its Odyssey satellite- 


phone project and was shifting support to its chief rival, ICO 
Global Communications. 

• Corel Corp., the Ottawa-based software company, said it 
expected to report a 1 arger-fo an-expec ted fourth-quarter loss 
of $95 million because of plummeting sales. 

• VNU NV, die Dutch publisher, said it had agreed to buy ITT 
World Directories, a phone-book concern, from' the Los 
Angeles-based hotel operator Starwood Lodging Trust for 
S2.1 billion. 

■ Citicorp said it would buy AT&T Corp/s Universal credit- 
card business for $3.5 billion in cash, extending its lead as the 
nation's largest credit-card issuer. 

• The Federal Aviation Administration warned Boeing Co. 

that conditions for quality-control checks of its jetliners were 
“out of control” at rimes this year as the company sought to 
step up production, according to memos released by the 
agency. Bloomberg, AP. WP 


58 Charged in Penny-Stock Fraud 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — The U.S. Securities and Exchange Com- 
mission charged 58 defendants Thursday with penny-stock 
manipulation in one of the largest stock &and cases ever. 

The civil suits, filed in New York and Salt Lake City, Utah, 
allege that penny-stock promoters and officials of small, 
publicly traded companies bribed -brokers to get them to sell 
the companies' stocks to customers. The commission, which 
says die defendants made more than $3.3 million illegally, is 
seeking millions of dollars from them as well as a court order 
blocking them from continuing their operations. 


Kodak Adds 
6,600 More to 
Job Cuts List 

CmfOtdbrOwS^rFnmDupaiehB 

ROCHESTER, New York — 
Eastman Kodak Co. said Thursday h 
would cut another 6,600 jobs in ad- 
dition to die 10,000 dismissals it 
announced last month as part of a 
broad restructuring aimed at in- 
creasing profits and lifting die com- 
pany's stock price. 

The photographic products com- 
pany expects the restructuring to 
save $1 billion annually. 

The job cuts, which combined 
with other staff reductions will total 
19,900 by the end of 1999, under- 
score Kodak's failure to develop 
high-technology products to push 
the 1 13-year-old company into the 
digital age, analysts said. 

Kodak also has been engaged in a 
price war with Fuji Photo Film of 
Japan that intensified last summer 
when Fuji slashed color-film pices 
by as much as 30 percent m the 
united States. 

In all Kodak expects a 25 percent 
slide in profits this year. 

Kodak’s board said it would 
charge $1.5 billion against earnings 
for restructuring and revaluing cer- 
tain assets. About half of the charge 
represents separation payments to 
be made to departing employees. 
About 8,700 of the jobs lost will be 
in the United Stares, and 11,200 
elsewhere around die world. 

While the original announcement 
was met with disappointment on 
Wall Street, the news Thursday sent 
the company’s stock up more than 5 
percent in early trading on the New 
York Stock Exchange. It closed up 
$1 JO on Thursday at $58. 

(AP. Bloomberg) 


Profit Worries Weigh on Shares 


■ CeevMbfOwSetFftmDbparktM 

NEW YORK — Stocks fell for a 
second day amid concern that the 
economic turmoil in Asia will slow 
growth in the U.S. and abroad, 
crimping profits of companies that 
derive much of their earnings from 
overseas. 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
fell 1 10.91 points Thursday to close 
at 7,846 JO, with declining issues 
outnumbering advancing ones by a 
2-to-l ratio on the New York Stock 
Exchange. 

Other market indexes also fin- 
ished lower. Hie Standard & Poor’s 
500-stock index fell 10.24 points to 
close at 955.30, and foe Nasdaq 
Composite Index fell 24. 1 9 points to 
close at 1,523.19. 

“Stocks are felling because of 

continuing concern about 
everything," said Stanley Nabi of 
Wood Strufoexs & Winthrop Man- 
agement Corp. in New York. “How 


serious will the situation in South- 
east Asia become? Will Japan 
straighten out its economy? Will 
U.S. companies be penalized by 
slowing growth internationally?" 

Bank shares were lower as in- 
vestors registered concern that the 
turmoil in Asia would hurt earnings 
overseas. J.P. Morgan & Co. led 

US. STOCKS 

the Dow losers, and Bankers Trust 
New York shares fell as much as 5 
percent ami d concerns fourth- 
quarter ear nings will fell short of 
expectations because of trading 
losses and lower gains from their 
private equity investments. . 

Aetna tumbled as much as 15 
percent as foe departure of a senior 
financial executive suggested to 
some analysts that foe health in- 
surance company may have diffi-r 
colly meeting earnings estimates. 


Doubts on Japan Spur Dollar yi* 


Technology shares continued 
their downward trend. Plexus shares 
tumbled after die electronics com- 
pany sa id fpming g would fell shofi 
of expectations in its first financial 
quarter because some customers are 
delaying orders. 

Iomega shares fell after the com- 
pany said its new Jaz 2GB. disk 
drives, for shipment in 

the fourth quarter,- would be delayed 
nnrii the first quarter of 1998. 

firoderbund Software fell after 
the entertainment, and educational 
software maker said fiscal first- 
q naner earnings rose 19 percent, 
buoyed by strong sales of its new 
Riven software game. 

Bond prices rose as investors in- 
terpreted a Federal Reserve Board 
report showing a slump in man- 
ufacturing in foe Philadelphia re- 
gion as oily evidence that Asia’s 
economic turmoil may be slowing 
U.S. growth, traders said. 

The price of foe benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond rose 26/32, or 
$8.13 per $1,000 bond, pushing its 
vidd down 6 basis points to 5.94 


CoevjfadlrtOwStqgpivmDtpaichet 

NEW YORK — The dollar rose 
against foe yen on Thursday, as 
traders speculated that a Japanese 
tax-cut plan would not revive the 
councry’s ailing economy. 

The dollar tumbled against the yen 
on Wednesday alter Japan unexpec- 
tedly proposed an income-tax re- 
duction of more than $15 billion and 
after foe Bank of Japan sold dollars. 

“Thispackage is not going to quite 
cot it for Japan," said Simon Fowles. 
of Wells Fargo Bank. “It’s temporary 
relief, and it will take a lot of in- 
tervention to keep the dollar down." 

At 4 P.M. in New York the dollar 
was at 128.66 yen, up from 127.155 


Wednesday. The dollar also rose to 
1.7745 Deutsche marks from 1 .7740 
DM after foe Bundesbank said mon- 
etary growth had slowed last month, 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE ~ 

bolstering expectations that interest 
rates there are on hold- 
The dollar also rose to 1.4375 
Swiss francs from 1.4355 and to 
5.9465 French francs from 5.9391. 

Meanwhile, die pound gained 
after an increase in foe British mon- 
etary supply triggered expectations 
that interest rates there would bead 
higher. The pound rose to $1.6655 
from $1 .6507. (Bloomberg, AFP) 


yield down 6 basis points to 5.94 
percent 

Bonds also rose as the dollar 
gained against the yen on specu- 
lation a package of tax cuts will do 
little to spur Japan’s economy. “The 
vote in foe bond market is that foe 
Japanese plan won't be the water- 
shed event to change foe Asian out- 
look,” said Patrick Dimick, a gov- 
ernment bond strategist at UBS 
Securities. 

Mortgage interest rates, which 
take their cues from Treasury-bond 
yields, fell to a 22 -moafo low this 


die Mac said Thursday. The average 
rate on 30-year fixed-rate mortgages 
was 7.07 percent, down from 7.17 
percent (AP, Bloomberg) 


Andersen 
Is Heading 
For a Split 


By Albert B. Crenshaw 

Washington Post Service 


WASHINGTON — The 
consulting arm of Andersen 
Worldwide, citing “serious 
breaches of contract and irre- 
concilable differences,” is tak- 
ing steps toward splitting off 
from foe parent firm. 

The dispute stems from a re- 
cent area of friction within big 
accounting firms. While the tra- 
ditional business of auditing 
companies' financial records has 
been flat or declining, consulting 
services have been flourishing. 

In 1989, Andersen tried to 
deal with foe situation by split- 
ting its consulting and audit 
arms into two entities — An- 
dersen Consulting and Arthur 
Andersen — under the um- 
brella of Andersen Worldwide. 

But since then, foe account- 
ing aim has begun offering con- 
sulting services as well. An- 
dersen Consulting’s revenues 
have climbed 20 percent a year, 
while Arthur Andersen’s have 
risen 13 percent, although rev- 
enue from accounting increased 
less than 8 percent annually. 

Partners in Andersen Con- 
sulting have been unhappy with 
payments they had to make to 
Arthur Andersen, which they 
see as a subsidy. Last year An- 
dersen Consulting paid Arthur 
Andersen about $100 million. 

The consultants have reques- 
ted arbitration of the issues. 


U.S. and Microsoft: Back to Court 

WASHINGTON — Microsoft Corp. and the U.S. gov- 
ernment are due to meet again in court Friday morning to 
discuss foe government's request for a contempt-of-coort 
citation against foe world's leading software company. 

Microsoft escalated the dispute Thursday by maintaining 
that removing its Internet browser from its Windows 95 
operating system would prevent the system from functioning. 
Late Wednesday, the Justice Department asked a federal court 
to find foe company in contempt ofan earlier order that barred 
Microsoft from requiring computer makers to install its In- 
ternet browser, called Explprer, along with its market-dom- 
inating Windows system. The department has also asked for a 
$1 milliort-a-day fine. Microsoft has appealed. 

‘ ’If any computer manufacturer avails itself of the option of 
not installing Internet Explorer 3.0, it is an inescapable fact 
that the remainder of the operating system will not function,’ ’ 
Microsoft said in a letter to foe Jostice Department, released on 
Thursday. Microsoft shares closed down $5 at$130.625 on the 
Nasdaq exchange. (AFP, WP) 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Dec. 18, 1997 

Wgb Im Latest Chge Opbd 

Grates 

CORN (CB071 

SJHQbu minimum- certs per bushel 
Dee 97 263 US’* 256 -S 1874 

Mar'S 774 267 26714 -5U 174.185 

Mortt 280 VJ J741i 27415 -Sb 4*488 

Jill 98 28615 280 2801* -5Vj 57,389 

Sep'S 39W» 278U 2781* -Ml 5.766 

Dec 98 284 280-4 2801* -T* 31637 

Jul 99 2W 283V* 293V* -3V: 328 

Est. sates NJL Weds Mbs 3&J12 
WMh apan im 3213491 oH 988 

SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOT) 

100 tens- (War, per ton 
Dec 97 21700 21000 211.90 -180 1011 
Jan 98 212-50 205.60 20600 -500 27004 

Mar'S 21050 20*30 20*40 -420 3*690 
May 98 20850 20150 20160 -4.10 21228 
Jut 90 nano 205.10 20140 wo l&wo 
4U998 31100 20160 206.70 480 *815 
EsL sates NA Wetfs win 21 J90 
Wetfs open M 115.941 Off 1.176 

SOYBEAN OIL (CBOT) 
oOOOQbv cents per B> 

Dec 97 25.15 2*65 2466 -114 298 

Jan 95 75 JO 2*76 7*84 -0.11 31492 

Mar 99 2SJX 25.13 2128 4101 41384 

Star'll 7510 2533 25-49 -O0J 1*7168 

Jul 98 25.95 2543 2561 -101 12.040 

Auq«8 2585 2542 25-53 -002 1502 

Esl. ste NA Wfcffs »lM 11947 
Vtedscprfl IM 107.276. up 546 

SOYBEANS (CBOT) 

54)00 ba (tearoom- cents par buM 
Jan 98 694 677 67Pb -12 51.785 

Mar 98 696 679>* 680b -101* 3&97B 

Alov 98 70U* 68S 689* -10U 2*166 

JlH 98 704 690 6901* -H'5 21654 

AuqW nM 689 489 -13 1753 

ED. safciMA. Weds solas 4H204 
open int 15*691 off 1245 

WHEAT (CBOT) 

MK 0 bu BUnsawm- ceefa per bushel 

Dec 97 330 32QU OTj -12*- 54 

Mar 93 346 ’j 334 3341* -II'- 5*316 

Mcy«8 154 342 3421- -1011 11699 

Jrttt 3» 3471* 347Vi -11 11849 

Ell cates N.A. WMl iota 9.262 
Weds open Int 88*6* off 574 


Livestock 

CATTLE (CMER) 

*0000 ns.- ccnb pern 
Dec '7 6740 66.72 67JD0 -025 *379 

Feb 98 66*5 65*0 6600 -A6S 48471 

Aar 98 6962 6885 69JJ7 -0J5 25*53 

Jut 98 69.05 6840 4863 -040 15J93 

Aoq 93 69.90 6942 69.57 -030 1848 

0098 7230 7202 7202 -127 1464 

Esl. sates 1S.79S Wed* s«lm 1*161 
WKts open M 101.011 Ml 2423 

FEEDER CATTLE (CMER) 

51800 tes.- cents par to. 

Jan 98 77.90 7725 77 JO -037 1X09 

Mar'S 7835 77.55 7760 -070 *735 

Apr 98 7970 7803 7812 -150 L803 

May 98 7965 7910 79.02 -047 1,517 

Ain't 81 JO 80 75 8080 -040 792 

Sep W 81 -25 8035 8190 -060 190 

Esl sates 1537 Waft sates 2J31 
Wetfsivai M 1*361 off 633 

HQGS-teae (CMER) 

41000 lbs.- omls per to. 

Fob 98 4010 5947 5963 -040 21451 

Apr 98 5737 5*90 5717 -0.17 8448 

Jun98 6*95 6460 6463 -027 *954 

Jul 98 63 97 6170 6172 -117 1660 

Align 41.70 6160 6162 undL 20 

ESI sates *889 WHS site 1516 
weds open M 37J17. off 2663 

PORK BELLI E5 (CMEU 
41000 tes- ewas P*r to. 

Feb'S 5600 3510 5527 -155 5.979 

VaR 5560 5*70 54B0 -150 1.274 

■Stay 98 5620 55JO S597 -0J2 UR7 

Est. sales 2676 Won sates 1.133 
weds open Int 199* an 8 


Food 

COCOA (HC5E) 

10 mclnc tens- S per ton 
Morn 1707 1683 1695 *3 ;M» 

May* 1733 1717 1734 *4 21523 

Jul 78 1744 1737 1766 64 *761 

Sep 98 1763 1757 1743 +* itf57 

Dec 98 1795 1784 1784 *4 9403 

Mar 99 1804 *4 9*94 

Est sates 1751 VHs ste WOO 
Weds op** « «**4* up 408 

COFFEE C INCSE2 

37jm8n.- cants p*r It 

Dec 97 16*25 unUv 266 

MarW 14650 16130 14505 +420 181M 

May 98 16125 15825 16010 +5.10 1672 

Jul 98 15510 15250 155.00 +*95 2452 

Sep 98 1A50 14s 50 I4&50 +*60 1470 

Est. ste *937 Weds Ste 1543 

weds open M 79501 oH 1.144 

SUCARWOBLD II (NC5E1 

112400 lb*- cents Mr lb. , . 

Mi* 99 12JS 1215 1221 +115 97.961 

May 98 1214 1103 1209 +109 3*015 

Join 1174 11.65 1168 +0.04 2 9,977 

Oct 98 1163 1165 11-55 UK»- 25.779 

EsL totes 33.^7 VHs ste 42,167 
Weds open M 197481 Off 2,144 


Wgh Lew Lalad Chp Optat 

-ORANGE JUICE CNCTK1 
1 &Q00 to*- amts per fe. 

Jan 98 8840 8560 8740 +020 1*808 

Mar 98 91 JO B940 9045 undk 21.106 

Mar 98 9*50 93 JO 9155 -045 *657 

JUl 98 9745 9660 9640 -045 *227 

Est. ste NA Wed* ntes 1776 
Weds open bit 47*561 off 1 J6I 


GOLD (NCJMX) 

100 tray a*- daBan per tray az. 

Dec 97 29100 28720 28720 -1.90 

Jin 98 287.90 -120 

Fab 98 292.90 28760 28920 -1.90 

Apr 98 79*70 29960 29190 -1.90 

J«l98 29660 29140 29240 -1.9a 

Aug 98 297.00 29*90 29*90 -140 

0098 29740 29640 29740 -1.90 

Dec 98 30270 29840 299.10 -140 

Feb 99 30120 -140 

ESI. sales NA. Wed* soli 21167 
Weds open W >4*011 off U4S 

HI GRADE COPPER (NCJIUO 
25000 Bn.- cents per fe. 

Dec 97 8105 7860 79.75 +065 

Jan 98 8030 78.90 80.10 + 065 

Fab 98 80.90 80.10 8065 +065 

Mw-98 8160 79.95 8120 +1SS 

Apr 98 81.95 8145 8140 +045 

MOy 98 8260 81.10 8205 +045 

Jun98 8225 8170 B235 +060 

Jul 98 8325 8220 8285 +045 

Aug 98 8110 8340 8310 +035 

Est. sates NA. IWl soles 5449 
W*d* open hri 61771. up V067 

SILVER (JRM2Q 


Dec 97 60280 59200 60240 +1020 530 

Jen9< 605.10 59640 605.10 +1050 29 

Feb 98 607.10 +1050 

MqrM 60840 59200 607 JO +1050 66752 

MW 98 608.00 59*00 607 JO +1050 *685 

Jul 98 607^1 59*50 60760 +1060 7282 
Sep 98 607.10 +1030 143? 

EM. sates NJL Weds sales 1*202 
Weds open Ini 91982 off 589 

PLATINUM QfMER} 

50 tray bb.- daeanperlrayoa. 

Jan 98 35840 35140 35670 +270 8657 

Apr 98 357.00 35250 35*90 +170 1769 

Jul 98 35840 35340 35340 +120 251 

Ell. ste NA. weds sates *233 
weds open im 1*411. or 365 

Oose Previous 

LONDON METALS (LME> 

Daflars permeMc ton 
AfentanolHlgb Grade] 

Spot 151640 151740 150640 150740 

Forward 154100 154100 1S31V5 1532V* 

Capper ceraadK (Mob Grade} 

Spot 175140 175840 173940 174040 

Forward 178140 178240 176940 177040 

Lead 

5n» S4JK> sent) 527V, 5281b 

Reward 55240 55100 53840 52940 

NkM 

SM 5890.00 590040 589540 590540 

Forward 596540 S990.00 S9954Q 600040 

Tin 

Spat 541500 542540 545040 5460.00 

Forward 535540 536040 532040 538040 

2tac (Sped* H» erode) 

Spot llMtt 11251ft 11084Q 110940 

Forward UAOO 118940 113240 113340 

Wgb Law Ctese Chga Opbd 


Financial 

US T BILLS <CMER) 

Slnobn-nbanaopd. 

Mar 98 9546 9544 9505 +401 7214 

Jun 90 9MW 95-04 9544 +042 1,166 

S4p98 9502 inch. 29 

Dec 98 9541 uacb. 

Ett ste NJL Wte ste 367 
Weds epan M 1 1 ^ 6 * up 251 

SYR TREASURY (CBOT) 

SHMOMprift-ptsAAteeMOOpd 

Dec 97 10640 108-30 10836 +08 17491 

Est. ste NAWMS Ste 53.739 

Weds open im 26*162 up 1.294 

18 YR TREASURY (CBOri 

S100000 prln- pb A 32ndl el 100 pd 

Dec 97 113-16 11303 113-11 +09 1*376 

MW9B 11348 111-23 11303 + OB 353433 

Jun 98 111-36 onch. 3486 

Est. iteNA Wed* fte 68272 

Weds open M37B1 91 off 851 

US TREASURY BONDS (CMT1 

(Bpd-naaooopb&aatdsonoopd) 

D+C97 120.22 119-24 120-15 + 11 82409 
MM 98 120-19 119-19 120-12 + 19 671778 

Jun 98 120-08 119-18 12001 +18 J*3M 
Sep 98 119-04 inch *813 

Est sales NJL Weds ite 302667 
Weds open bd 77143* m 10,983 

LONG GILT OIFPE) 

s?? ^s,rss + SSt1 «o 

Mte-98 131+11 121-00 121-09 +M4 T69.734 
Jun 98 K.T. N.T. 105-19 +06N 1498 

EsL ste- 35387. Frey. ste. 4W21 
Pier, open taL: 18*652 e« 3.737 

GERMAN GOV. BUND 0JFPE1 

M^t °W4^ wIS P ?0*73 +0^214^9 
Jun 98 N.T. N.T. I0*M ++U3 WK 
Esl. ste- 81574. PR* Rites: 111636 
Pm open IM. -231155 alt 15217 


MsA Low Latest Chge OpM 

18-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MATIF) 
FF500000-pt6 M100 DO 
Mar 98 101J4 10140 101 J2 +0J4 121924 
Jun 98 10038 10038 10073 + 034 125 

Est sales: 80530. 

Open life 129451 off 11690 

ITALIAN GOVERNMENT BOND OIFFE) 

m. 200 affHon - pH 04 100 pd 

Ate-98 11582 11541 11575 +038 115412 

Jim 98 N.T. N.T. 11519 +038 53 

EsLsMas 28486. Pm. ste: 2*836 
Pm. open kit: 115465 cB *515 
UBOR 1-MONTH (CMER) 

S3mWon DlsMlXpd. 

Jan 98 MJ1 9*28 9*31 +042 22JB2 

Feb 98 9*28 9*26 9*38 +042 VL533 

EsL ste NA weds Ste 3044 
Weds open kd 41494, off 174DJ 

EURODOLLARS {CM EM 
11 mHon-pfcaflOOpd. 

Feb 98 9*20 9*19 9*20 +002 &S62 

Mar98 9*30 9*15 9*18 +042 490220 

Jun 98 9*18 9*12 9*16 +042 38*409 

Sep 98 9*15 9*09 9*13 +043 261.926 

Dec 98 9448 9*41 9*06 +443 210884 

Mar 99 9*09 9441 9446 +042160903 

Jun 99 9*05 9*41 9*03 +043 13M24 

Sep 99 9*02 93.98 9*40 +OJD 11X1198 

Dec 99 9197 9392 9196 +042 102423 

Mar 00 9358 91*4 9197 +444 7*249 

Jus 00 9196 9392 9193 +4UM 62,102 

Est ste KA Wtds sates 2SQ487 
Weds apm U 2470267. off 30A134 

BRITISH POUND (CMER) 

62500 poenta. S per aauid 

Mar 98 16608 16^6 16574 +4130 30661 

Jun 98 16520 16450 16S20 +4146 1405 

Sep 98 16306 onto. 4 

Est sates NA Weds sales 1*465 

Weds apaa M 3I.77IL off 22425 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER) 
lQOOOOdoNBS. I perClftLdb- 
Mor» 7056 9028 .7032-04018 55905 

Jun 98 7067 7035 7041-04022 1394 

Sep 98 7060 7060 7060-44013 797 

Est seles NA weds sales 5730 
Wbds open H 604ft off 33460 

GERMAN MARK (CMER) 

125400 note I pvmmfc 

Mar 98 6875 6643 6660-04007 65153 

Jun 98 6692 6677 6682-44013 *394 

Sep 98 6720 Mich. 140 

EM. ste NA 9WNTS sMes 37665 

Weds men bd 4949a off ZL408 

JAPANESE YEN (CMER) 

mi W on yiLSperWO TUP 

Mar 98 7992 7825 7870 OHM 8&928 

An 98 7973 7935 7971 -4113 1676 

Sep 98 4190 inch. 1771 

Est sMes NA Weds ste 5&Z72 

Weds open U 9i487.aff 5*016 

SWttSrttAMCXM&O 

125000 bancs. I per hmc 

Mar 98 7040 7001 7025-04012 37737 

Jen 98 7106 7107 inch. 1660 

Sep 98 7174 -oadL 1W 

EsL ste N A Weds ste 9668 

Weds open H 35812, off 16633 

MEXICA N P ESO (CMER) 

MOTW P ^io P nSo 0 11977 -401 42 17619 
Jen 98 JlflO .11590 .11590-40191 3675 

Sep 98 .11285 .11284 .11285+ 00106 *804 
Ed. ste NA Weds ste *07 
Weds open tat 2AJ2J, off 2611 

3-MONTH STERUNG OJFFQ 

£300000- Ids M wood 

Mar 98 ^38 92J6 -441 130761 

JunfS 9268 9265 9266 -441 109468 
Sep 98 9244 91*2 9263 -041 85014 

Dec'S 9U4 9242 9242 —041 77,155 
Mar 99 9346 9303 9344 -O0I 65294 

Jun 99 9314 9122 9323 UndL 62.73 

Sep 99 9036 9033 9035 UadL 40093 

Est sales: 40363. Plav. tes: 93200 
Pres, open hU 131651 up 20079 

3-MONTH EUROMARK OJPFE) 

DM! m—en- ptool wo per 
Jan 98 96JX 9tX 9tX +422 15254 

Feb 96 H.T. N.T. 9525 +042 750 

Mar 98 9621 96.18 9870 +044 382.130 

JOB'S 9644 9597 9842 +046 329480 

Sep 98 9088 9550 9548 +047 233418 

Dec 98 9568 9568 9547 +047111621 

Ate 97 9568 9561 9568 +047 238,173 

Jw99 9531 9525 9531 +04611*857 

Sep 99 9517 9512 9517 +046 89.156 

Estate: 13*64* Prev.sotec 105106 
Pres-apenteL: 17908 » up 1392 

14*0 NTH PIBQR (MATIF) 

FFS eflan - pkal Hio pd 

Jon VS 9830 9628 9630 + 047 1,165 

Feb 98 040 080 9823 +042 5 

MOT 98 9822 96-16 9821 +045 81*34 

A* 98 9802 9597 9842 + 045 39654 

Sep 98 9548 9581 9547 +046 28371 

Dec 96 9549 9543 9569 +047 3*543 

Est ste: 37480 
Open bit: 257.945 up am 

M40 NTH EURO USA QJFTE) 

ITL1 edBan-ptsof lOOpct 
Ate 98 9*69 9*61 9*68 +006150998 

Jan 98 9529 9523 9529 +046129461 

Seo 98 9551 9546 9551 +047 89698 

0ec98 9550 9565 9550 +048 61735 

Est ste: 40179. Pie*, tees: 49009 
Pro*. Open tot: S4U9J up *973 


Hgh Law Latest Chge Opto! 


Industrials 
cotton 2 menu 

90000 4*- cents per li 
Ate 98 6845 6750 6775 +056 *U2S 

May VB 6044 6050 6940 +069 1*176 

J6 98 7060 7000 7032 +069 15014 

Oct 90 7110 7140 72.10 +066 1474 

Dec 98 7188 725S 7180 +062 1Z704 

Est Ste KA Wads ite 9456 

Weds epen fed 88411 off 506 

HEATING OIL (NMER) 


Thmdays 4 PJI. Close 

The 300 mart traded stocks of tte day, 
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U. S, STOCK MARKET DIARY 


Indexes 

■ Dow Jones 


Most Actives 


ft : 


I 784850 -11091 
317177 -61*2 


Stanctard & Poors 

ft edee i Tbdey 

Wpfc Ite Ofeefe 4PJN. 

IndosMds 112771111*0511)543 110249 
Tramp. <59650 690-70 69141 <78.11 

UIJBbes 225.98 22*52 22540 22654 

Finance 11954 11849 119.13 11100 

SPOT 97*30 96*25 96554 95540 

SPOT 46632 4S946 46050 *5*52 


VOL Met Lew IM ceo. 

105108 55ft SMk Sift -111 

nSs 59ft sm »v> +ift 

Si E? tar! 

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43276 Wi 26ft -4ft - 

«BI» 61ft Mft Sift -2ft 

*723 7JM 47ft 49ft -«* 

OCT 45ft 44ft 4Pft +ft 

eg; 

9610 2 ffn ZMl Jtrfl t - 2 ft i • 

3B342 56 SM 55ft -ft 


Jts98 5340 5140 5270 +092 37^93 

Feb 98 53*8 5230 5015 +096 OJ72 

Mar'S 5340 5235 5X20 +081 10017 

Apr 98 5100 52.10 5300 +141 1CUX 

May 98 5215 51 JO 52.15 +046 0256 

Jin 98 5230 51 JO 5230 +101 10668 

JU9B 5235 51*0 5245 +056 *354 

ESL tte NA Weds ste 42,989 
' Weds open fed 147^89, off 1,144 

UGHT SWEET CRUDE (NMER) 

1400 bbL- dafeas per bbL 
Jan 98 1065 1019 1858 +039 39331 

Feb 98 1847 1838 1840 +041 11*731 

Mar'S 1943 1858 1846 +038 42.9(0 

Apr 98 19.11 1833 1948 +034 2SA37 

May 98 1935 1842 1932 +034 21.741 

Jun 98 1933 1940 1933 +037 3*497 

EsL sales NA Vtods ste 1 1 1458 
Wed* open fed 431 ,756 up 883 

NATURAL GAS (NMER) 

10000 ram Mux S per mm Mu 
Jan 98 2500 2350 2460+0022 40314 

Feb 98 IASS 2310 2395 -0406 3*872 

Mar's 2374 2360 2340 +0807 2*428 

Apr 98 2390 2.1 95 2360 +0415 12490 

May'S 2345 2-180 2320+0408 9365 

Jun 98 2330 XI 85 2320+0415 0891 

Est ten NA W td e e te 67430 
Weds open kd 216989, off 319 

UNLEADED GASOLINE (NMER) 

42000 as* ates per ad 
Jon9B 57J5 IsSo 5735 +132 21133 

Fob's 5735 5570 5730 +156 30973 

Mar 98 57.90 5*25 57*0 +1.11 10122 

Asr9t 6030 5036 6010 +131 1L704 

May 98 5945 JR» 500 +1.18 10167 

Jin 98 5LS0 5040 5840 +063 8367 

Jul 98 5** 57.90 58*0 +448 *724 

Aug 98 5740 5740 57.00 +033 1348 

E tt t te HA Weds ste 28464 
Weds open fed 11 0472, off 410 

GASOIL OPO 

UA delars psrnwhk: tea ■ late e» 100 teas 
Jar'S 16240 16000 16135 +135 28498 
Feb 98 16230 16140 M2JD +135 1X500 
Mats 16275 16135 16235 +135 12314 
API'S 14230 16100 16230 +135 *889 
May 98 16340 16135 16100 +130 1194 
Jun 98 16230 16130 M2J5 +130 11347 
Jet's 18235 16X25 16440 +130 ID) 
Est tales: 9,163. Pm. sates : 1*139 
Piet, epea ferL: 09407 up 1.178 


BRENT OIL OPS 

US. dotes pv ban*- lots of WOO bantoi 
Feb 98 17D 1736 1740 +040 81X27 

Mar'S 1742 1736 1746 +034 34889 

APT'S 1739 1743 1745 +037 1*355 

May's 1744 1730 1749 +436 12400 

Jw>9S 1735 1732 1733 +426 1*483 

EM. sate 2*100. nee. ste: 4*614 
Prey, open tort- IBL763 up 6960 

SlocJc Indexes 
SPCOMP INDEX (CMER) 

250 x Index 

Dec 77 96530 94940 95530 -9.10 116310 
MU 98 97660 960*0 966*0 -940 336461 
Jun 98 98630 97240 97240 -1X50 *181 

EsL tte NA HMs ste 17*148 
W6dS open lid 463^3* up *599 

FTSE1SSQJPPO 
£25 per hadn petal 

Dec 97 S2364 523X0 51784 -304 2X005 
Mot'S 52894 52824 52293 -304 *7*60 
Estate 30406. Prw.ate 27,901 
PraKuranb*: 70645 op 3S 

CAC 40 (MATIF) 

Dec 77 29254 2B9S4 2B994 — 200 37485 
JOI9B 292X5 290X5 29060 —240 12*16 
Feb 98 29313 82*0 29154— 240 1370 

Marts 29424 29224 19223-240 1*035 
Jen'S 29094 29094 28915—240 1460 
Ed. tte 1*162. 

Op« kC 8*829 up 141* 


Commodity Indexes 

dose Prntaus 
Moody's 1*6830 1*6830 

Renters 135630 1,76040 

DJ.Futares 1*230 1*235 

CRB 2U21 23441 

Sowar McK Assadakd Press, London 
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EUROPE 


PAGE 15 


•or 0 s ^ j Guzpfom Spurns U.S. Credits to Deal With Iran 

| it , M ■ 1 ! By Michael R. Gordon Now Gazprom has spumed the ‘^Gazprom is already working Imposing sanctions would nn- 

i-.'v i NtwYarkTima Service gua ra ntees before they coaid be op amudon some other form of derscore American resolve tn stop 


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By Michael R. Gordon 

Wch* fo/t 7pnei ^erp^f 

. MOSCOW — Defying Amer- 
^an pressure to end its business 
<fcalmgs with Iran, Russia’s huge 
natural gas company , Gazprom, has 
cancelfid an agreement with the 
United States Export-Import Bank. 

The American agency had 

agreed to guarantee $750 milHra in 

financing so Gazprom could pur- 
chase American equipment and 
services. Hie loan guarantees have 
come under fire in Congress be- 
cause of Gazpiotn's decision to 
explore for gas in Iran. The Clinton 
administration has also been con- 
sidering sanctions against Russia. 

Generate de Banque 
Buys Lending Unit 
From UJL 9 s Hambros 

. Bloomberg News 

LONDON- — Hambros PLC said 
Thursday it would sell its corporate 
lending business fin- an undisclosed 
amount to Generate de Banque SA, 
Bel gium' s leading bank, 

Societe General e, a leading 
Breach, commercial bank, is in talks 
to buy Hambros’s investment bank- 
ing and fund-management busi- 
nesses, according to a banker fa- 
miliar with the talks. The banker 
said the talks should be completed 
by Christmas at the latest. Spokes- 
men for Hambros and Societe Gen- 
erate refused to comment 
Hambros’s move comes after the 
financial-services companyfailed to 
build its investment banking busi- 
ness fast enough to serve the global 
needs of cheats. It also comes amid 
a wave of mergers and acquisitions 
in investment banking and the se- 
curities industry worldwide. 

Hambros shares fell 7 pence to 
259 pence ($4.26). 


Now Gazprom has spumed the 
gua r an t ees before they could be 
withdrawn. A Gazprom executive 
told the Interfax, a Russian news 
agency, on Wednesday that the 
step was taken to prevent the 
United States from ''putting pres-, 
sure on Russian Gnmpimifti imp le- 


Il nt Gazprom’s action might not 
interfere with (he purchase of 
American equipment and services. 
For example, while toe Export-Im- 
port Bank will not provide a loan 
guarantee for Gazprom to buy 

automated equipment from Com- 
pressor Control Systems in Des 
Moines, Iowa, the company still 
hopes to go ahead with the deal. 


‘^Gazprom is already working 
Op arrang ing some other form of 
financing,” said Stan Pshonik, a 
marketing executive at Com- 
pressor Control Systems. 

Gazprom, Russia's largest and 
mostpoHtically powerful company, 
has bocnfoefocusof American con- 
cern since it teamed up with major 
French and Malaysian oil compa- 
nies to stJto foe $2 billicsn Iran deal 

That has m a de Gazprom vulner- 
able wader foe Iran-Libyan Sanc- 
tums Act of 1986, which was passed 
to punish companies that do more 
than $20 minion worth of business 
in Iran’s energy sector. The admin- 
istration has not yet ruled whether 
Gazprom has violated foe acL 


Imposing sanctions would un- 
derscore American resolve to stop 
foreign companies from trading 
with Iran, but it would be a setback 
for relations with Rnssia. Although 
Gazprom has officially been 
“privatized,” the government still 
owns 40 percent of its shares. 

Any sanctions would also come 
at a time when Tehran is saying it is 
interested in a more constructive 
relationship with Washington. 

There are several options. If 
Gazprom is deemed to have violated 
the act, sanctions could be wai ved or 
imposed selectively. Alternatively, 
they could be deferred while Wash- 
ington rages the Russian govern- 
ment to block Gazprom's deal. 


German Central Bank Holds Rates Steady 


Cu pa mf by OwS^Twm Ofr-dto 

FRANKFURT Germany's 

central bank kept its key interest' 
rates unchanged Thursday and cut 
the money-supply growth target to 
counter any jnftenonaiy pressures. 

At a meeting of its central council 
attended by. Economics Minister 
Guenter Rexrodt, the Bundesbank 
chose to keep its discount rate at 
2^0 percent and foe Lombardrate at 
4 JO percent Those record low rates 
had first been set April 19. 3996. 

For the next three w eeks, the third 


key Bundesbank rate — foe repur- 
chase rate — will also hold steady at 
33QpercenL 

Hans Tletmeyer, toe bank pres- 
ident, said a “brighter” inflation 
climate in Germany has allowed the 
central bank to bold interest rales 
steady since October’s rate rise. 

. The price climate “has 
brightened somewhat since the sum- 
mer,” Mr. Tietmeyer said after the 
Bundesbank’s final polity meeting 
of the year. “We lave therefore 
continued to follow a rate policy of 


toe steady hand after October.” 

Many expect German rates — 
which will set the tone for the rest of 
Europe in the run-up to toe January 
1999 launch of a single European 
currency — to remain where they 
are for months to come. 

Mr. TieUneyer also said foe cen- 
tral bank Had no plans to *gU either 
gold or dollar reserves. aud he added 
mat a decision on die role of gold in 
foe reserves of foe future European 
central bank has not been 
made. (AFP, Bloomberg ) 


Air France Profit Triples as Reslruetnring Takes Hold 


Bloomberg News 

TOULOUSE, France — Air 
France Group said Thursday that its 
fqst-half net profit tripled as it car- 
ried more highier-paying passengers 
and benefited “from currency ex- 
change rates. 

Toe slate-owned carrier said 
after-tax profit for foe six months 
aided Sept 30 was 1.76 billion 
French francs ($2963 million). That 


includes toe results of both the long- 
haul carrier and the domestic carrier. 
Air France Europe, lhat was merged 
into the group in September. 

The company said the compa- 
rable figure for the same period a 
year earner was 597 million francs. 

The results reflect theprogress of 
Christian Blanc in brin g in g the car- 
rier back to financial health. Mr. 
Blanc, who had led toe earner since 


late 1993, quit his post as chairman 
ami chief executive in September 
after the state refused to meet his 
demand that toe carrier be sold to 
private interests. 

• Jean-Cyril Spinetta is now chair- 
man and chief executive. 

Sales for toe six months were 31 
billion francs, an 83 percent in- 
crease over the previous period. Air 
France said. 


Dresdner Unit 
Loses Chief in 
Tax Scandal 

Bloomberg News 

FRANKFURT— Ifeesdner Bank 
AG said Thursday that its head of 
investment hanking , Hansgeoig 
Hofmann, had resigned, effective 
immediately, after admitting to not 
paying enough income tax. 

Mr. Hofmann, head of foe 
DresdnerKkmwrat Benson unit, wiO 
be rralaeed by Gad Haensler, who is 
on Dresdner's management board 
and was Mr. Hofmann's deputy at 
Dresdner Kteinwoit Benson. 

Mr. Ho fmann is foe fourth top 
Dresdner executive to resign in 
three months as foe hank labors un- 
der an investigation into whether 
executives evaded German income 
tax and advised clients to steer 
money out of toe country. 

Analysts expected toe departure 
of Mr. Hofmann, which comes two 
days after Chief Executive Juergen 
Sarrazin said be would retire Dec. 
31, five months early. The bank 
acknowledged that Mr. Hofmann 
had failed to pay enough income tax 
on money diverted to Swiss bank 
accounts since 1989. 

Klaus Carlin, a memberof Dresd- 
ner’s supervisory board, on Wed- 
nesday publicly urged Mr. Hoffman 
to resign. 

44 We have great respect far Hof- 
mann's decision,” Mr. Sanazin 
said. “He is an outstanding invest- 
ment banker and has achieved a lot 
far Dresdner Bank and Dresdner 
KJehrwort Benson.” 

Mr. Samutin will be replaced by 
Bernhard Walter, a Dresdner Bank 
management board member. 

“Dresdner Bank really has to 
clear up the private tax issue of its 
entir e management,” said Mi chae l 
Klein, banking analyst at Bankhatzs 
Delbrneck & Co. “Otherwise toe 
mess will continue.” 

German prosecutors say they have 
searched the homes of most Dresdner 
management board members. 


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Very briefly; ■ 

• Metro AG, Europe’s largest retailer, plans to sell new shares 
to finance its 4.8 billion Deutsche mark ($2.7 billion) purchase 
of SHV Holdings NY’s European warehouse stores. Metro 
also warned that 1997 operating profit would fall 25 percent 
because of a stamp in Christmas sates. 

• Flat SpA said John Flkann, toe 22-year-old grandson of its 
patriarch, Gianni Agnelli, will join its board of directors. The 
appointment came days after the death of Giovanni Alberto 
Agnelli, 33, who had been groomed to lead the company. 

• Moulinex S A reported a first-half profit of 21 million francs 
($3.6 million), compared with a74 million franc loss the year 
before, as toeFrench household appliances company started to 
benefit from a restructuring. 

• An agreement by 70 countries under the auspices of toe 
World Trade Organization to open their telecommuni- 
cations markets by Jan. 1 may be delayed because some 
countries will not meet toe deadline, Britain’s Department of 
Trade & Industry said. 

• IStituto Nazionale delta Assicurazioni SpA, an Italian - 
insurer, plans to expand its agent sales force by 1,000 in two 
years, more than tripling toe current force. Biotmberg, afp 


































































ASIA/PACIFIC 


Was Hashimoto ’s Surprise Package 6 Made in 


By Clay Chandler 

hiit jrt Pim t Sen-icr 

TOKYO — One of the most strik- 
ing things about Prime Minister 
Rvutaro Hashimoto's unexpected 
cal l for a cut of more than $ 1 S billion 
in income taxes is how few people 
knew it was coming. 

Mr. Hashimoto, who has cham- 
pioned fiscal rectitude almost from 
the moment he took office, sprang 
the bolder- than -ex pec ted tax cut 
plan on a handful of key political 
allies moments after returning from 
a trip to Malaysia late Tuesday 
night By midmoming Wednesday, 
he had briefed members of his catv 
inet and leaders of his party, then 
marched before the TV cameras to 
present his proposal to the public. 

In this land famed for consensus, 
it was a stunning fait accompli. 

“This is the first time since die 
end of World War H that the prime 
minister himself has taken the ini- 
tiative to put forth a major economic 
policy proposal." said Makoto Ut- 
sumi, who was vice minis ter for 
international finance when Mr. Ha- 
shimoto was finance minister. 

What makes Mr. Hashimoto’s 
turnabout all the more intriguing — 
and perhaps politically risky — is 
that it came after weeks of increas- 
ingly insistent pressure from Wash- 
ington, leading some to snicker it 
should bear the label "Made in the 
U.S.A." The Clinton administration 
launched a top-secret lobbying effort 
that included a flurry of commu- 
nications to senior Japanese officials 
from the Treasury Department and 


the U.S, ambassador to Japan, 
Thomas Foley, as well as a hand- 
delivered appeal to Mr. Hashimoto 
from President Bill Clinton. 

Immediately after Mr. Hashimo- 
to's surprise announcement, pundits 
leapt eagerly to the conclusion that 
Japan’s prime minister — who only 
months ago pushed a major deficit 
reduction plan through the legis- 
lature — had been forced by Wash- 
ington to reverse course. 

By nightfall Wednesday, it had 
become almost conventional wis- 


dom here that Mr. Hashimoto's de- 
cision was yet another instance in 
which Japanese economic policy had 
been shaped by gaiatsu — literally, 
outside pressure — from America. 

"Gaiatsu Moved the Prime Min- 
ister" declared a headline in Maini- 
chi Shimbun, a leading daily. ‘‘Gai- 
atsu Forced the Decision” echoed 
the headline on a similar story in 
another daily, the Asahi Shimbun. 

The letter from Mr. Clinton to Mr. 
Hashimoto, sources said, adopted a 
more-urgent tone in expressing the 


view that U.S. officials have been 
repeatedly stressing in the past sev- 
eral months — that Japan's econ- 
omy appears to be weaker than ex- 
pected and that Tokyo should play a 
leadership role by helping 10 pull its 
troubled Asian neighbors out of the 
ditch. That position was forcefully 
conveyed to Mr. Hashimoto at the 
Denver summit of the Group of Sev- 
en leading industrial nations and at 
the meeting of Asia-Pacific leaders 
in Vancouver. British Columbia. 

Officials from the Clinton admin- 


Analysts Want Tough Reform for R anks 


TOKYO — Prime Minister 
Ryutaro Hashimoto's surprise call 
for a $15.7 billion income tax cut 
provoked euphoria in Japan’s fi- 
nancial markets. 

But Wednesday's enthusiasm 
was short-lived: Stocks and bonds 
fell Thursday as many economists 
and analysts warned that any re- 
covery would recede unless bank- 
ing reforms in the economic stim- 
ulus package addressed the 
system’s real problems. 

The Liberal Democratic Party 
unveiled its plans Wednesday to 
bolster the nation's ailing banks, 
and even pessimistic observers 
agreed chat the measures would 
provide protection a gains t the 
prospect that a handful of small 
bank failures could set off a chain 
reaction that would bring down the 
entire financial system. But many 
expressed concern that the bank- 


ing proposals may prolong the 
weakness of Japan's economy by 
numbing the pain of the banks' 
large portfolios of bad loans with- 
out healing the disease. 

"My worry is that it will only 
make everyone here complacent, ’ ’ 
said Kathy Matsui, a strategist at 
Goldman, Sachs & Co. 

"So far, J don’t see any ev- 
idence of corporate restructuring, 
or that they’re taking the tougher 
line that's needed for the banks,” 
she added. 

The ambiguity of the proposed 
bank stabilization plan is a key 
focus of such concerns. The pro- 
posal would make available as 
much as S77 billion for troubled 
banks. 

But the governing party has yet 
to explain whether it wants to re- 
strict those funds to protecting de- 
positors. or if it also wants to prop 


up failing banks. 

While the proposed income tax 
cut is much larger than expected, 
analysts say Japan's shell-shocked 
consumers are certain to save a 
good portion of it rather than spend 
it Moreover, they say, the cuts 
must be weighed against tax in- 
creases and reductions in benefit 
programs enacted during the full 
fiscal year. 

Meanwhile, sagging stock 
pices, say many, remain this 
economy’s crucial vulnerability. 
Depressed share values mean 
banks face pressure to call in loans, 
putting a squeeze on business ac- 
tivity. or selling off stock and risk- 
ing a bigger drop in the market. But 
few analysts say the policies an- 
nounced Wednesday are likely to 
trigger a big increase in the mar- 
ket 

—CLAY CHANDLER 


U.S.A. ’? 


istration said Wednesday that credit 
for the income-tax cut ultimately 
belongs to Mr. Hashimoto. "1 think 
he looked at the economy, con- 
sidered the risks and made a de- 
cision that this was a crucial mo- 
ment,” one U.S. official said. 

Some analysts argued that Mr. 
Hashimoto may have been swayed 
less by U.S. arm-twisting than* by 
appeals from leaders in Asia. Indeed. 
Mr. Hashimoto appears to have 
reached his final decision in Kuala 
Lumpur, where he anended a summit 
meeting at the beginning of (he week 
with leaders from the Association of 
South East Asian Nations. 

The ASEAN leaders expressed 
concern that it will be all but im- 
possible for Asia's tigers to claw 
their way back to prosperity while 
the region’s biggest economy is on 
its back. 

Undoubtedly, the sharp deterior- 
ation in Japan's economic prospects 
after the wave of recent declines in 
Asian markets contributed to Mr. 
Hashimoto's decision. 

Quietly, and without giving away 
which way he was leaning, sources 
said, Mr. Hashimoto began consult- 
ing a handful of advisers, including 
former Prime Minister Noboru Take- 
shita. early this month on w hether he 
should bolster the stimulus package. 
He also talked on Dec. 10. forthe first 
time in months, to Shizuka Kamei. a 
leader of an influential party group 
who has sparred with Mr. Hashimoto 
about the need for stimulus. Kamei 
said in an interview. Mr. Hashimo- 
to’s top aides only learned of his 
decision in late-night calls Tuesday. 


Jakarta Gets Miming 
On Its Credit Rating 

Bloomberg News 

JAKARTA — The Republic of In- 
donesia’s credit ratings may be cut to 
below investment grade on concerns 
about its mound of foreign debt, Fitch 
IBCA, a ratings firm, said Thursday. 

Fitch JBCA's BBB-minus rating' for 
the Indonesian government has been put 
on ratings watch "with negative im- 
plications." 

The agency said it was worried the fall 
of the rupiah — down 55 percent this year 
against the dollar — may push the gov- 
ernment to do something rash. Indonesia 
has about $120 billion of foreign debt. 
565 billion of which is held by companies 
and the rest held by the government. 

On Tuesday, Standard & Poor's Corp. 
said nonperforming loans would climb 
sharply in the first half of 1998 and total 
at least 16 percent of total Indonesian 
bank loans by the end of the year. 


KIA: Despite Failure, Carmaker Has Grand Hopes for Future 


Continaed from Page 13 

Seoul headquarters. "Now is the 
time to reap all the fruits. All our 
lineups of new cars guarantee 
money coming in.” 

The optimism reflects in pan the 
simple survival of a group that was 
placed under court receivership in 
July — and now is 45 percent owned 
by the government's Korea Devel- 
opment B ank. Kia Group executives 
make no secret of their plans for 
"restructuring,” reducing the chae- 
bol’s IS companies to about five, 
including Kia Motors. But they ap- 
pear far more interested in getting 
new models into production and onto 
world markets than in downsizing. 

“For the past 50 years we have 
been fully committed to the devel- 
opment of technology in Korea," 
Mr. Um said. "People view Kia as a 
people’s company.” 


But Kia is burdened with a debt 
that ballooned to more than $10 bil- 
lion as it built up its complex here 
over the past decade and expanded 
into other lines. 

The start-and-stop style of as- 
sembly line production reflects not 
only Kia’s troubles but a tangled 
web of integrating relationships 
spreading through the parts industry 
on which any motor vehicle man- 
ufacturer depends. 

"The parts suppliers have money 
problems too,” Mr. Dan said as the 
line ground to a halt with its row of 
glistening Shumas as well as Sport- 
ages and Sephias, both already being 
exported to the United States and 
other Western countries. 

“They don't supply the parts on 
time,” Mr. Dan said of suppliers. 

‘ ‘Today we are missing frames for the 
Spoilage.” Spoilages and Shumas 
roll out on the same line, he added. 


and the missing frames delay both. 

Bankruptcies of key suppliers 
heighten the uncertainty. Mando 
Machinery, a key company in the 
bankrupt Halla Group, the No. 12 
chaebol, is still supplying air con- 
ditioners and heaters — but no one 
knows for bow long. 

All 18.000 Kia Motors workers, 
from top management to assembly 
line worker, have accepted withour 
complaint the loss of the bonus the 
company traditionally handed out 
around the end of the year. 

Workers have also given up much 
of the overtime to which they had 
become accustomed. 

The union representing the work- 
ers is adamant, however, against lay- 
offs as a solution. 

* “There will be no loss of jobs and 
no reduction in wages," said Yoon 
Young Mo, speaking for the Korean 
Confederation of Trade Unions. 


Japan Punishes 
2 Brokerages 

Bloomberg Sens 

TOKYO — The Ministry 
of Finance on Thursday 
barred Daiwa Securities Co. 
and Nikko Securities Co. 
from underwriting new gov- 
ernment bonds and trading 
stocks on their own account 
as punishment for paying mil- 
lions of yen to a gangster. 

The ministry said Daiwa, 
the second-largest brokerage, 
would be punished for four 
months, from Dec. 25 to April 
24. The penalties against 
Nikko, the No. 3 broker, will 
extend for 10 weeks, from 
Dec. 25 to March 4. 

The penalties wrapped up 
Japanese authorities’ investi- 
gation into one of the country’s 
biggest financial scandals. 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong Singapore Tokyo 

Hang Seng Straits Times Nikkei 225 



3000 j A’s O N D 1500 j a SOND 15000 j A SO N D 
1997 1997 1997 


Exchange 

Hong Kong 

index 

Hang Sang 

Thursday 

Close 

10,754.11 

Prev. 

Close. Cnange 
10,692.70 +0.57 

Singapore 

Straits Times 

1391.41 

1.568.51 

+ 1.40 

Sydney 

All Ordinaries 

~ £563.10 

'2£62!l0 ' 

+bro4 

Tokyo 

Nikkei 225 

16,161.64 

16.541.06 

-2.29 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 

577.58 

556.79 

*3.73 

Bangkok 

SET 

— &7. kT 

T76~16 

+2798 

Seoul 

Composite Index 

Closed 

418.49 

- 

Ta^wi 

Stock Market Index 8,255.05 

8,347.20 

:?.lo 

Manila 

PSE 

1.84&09 

1,796.90 

+2.74 

Jakarta 

Composite Index 

373-39 

“368L69 - ~ 

+2.63 

Wellington 

NZSE-40 

22318.51 

~2.297.76~ 

Td7go 

Bombay 

Sensitive Index 

3,472.35 

'3.467.02" 

-0.42 


Source: Tetekurt. liurnuimul ILi JJ 1 ui-u.u 


Very briefly: 

• The United Stales and Japan are on track to conclude an 
aviation accord that would open up the Asian- Pacific market, the 
Transport Ministry said after four days of talks in Tokyo. A new 
round, scheduled for Jan. 20 to 22, will be in Washington. 

• Salomon Smith Barney, Merrill Lynch & Co., Goldman. 
Sachs & Co. and J.P. Morgan & Co. arc among the U.S. firms 
vying to arrange a S9 billion bond sale for South Korea. 

• Hyundai Electronics Industries Co. is considering cutting 
semiconductor prices following the decline of the won. 

• Jardine Fleming Bank has postponed indefinitely sale of a 
75 percent stake to the Beijing-controlled Ka Walt Bank for 
2 billion Hong Kong dollars ($258.1 million), saying the 
Asian market turmoil had made the sale impossible. 

• Sumitomo Bank Ltd. abandoned negotiations on buying 

pan of Yamuichi Investment Advisory Co., a unit of the 
failed Yamaichi Securities Co. BUmitvig. R.-m/.o, u \ 


Worldwide MVGAS 
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Our WWW-address in the Internet: 

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LOBBY: Clinton Takes Risk by Counseling Asians Long-Distance 


Continued from Page 13 

several days because partici p ants were not satisfied with South 
Korea's commitments to close failing financial institutions. 

A $60 billion bailout, to reassure foreign lenders that South 
Korea and its companies can repay loans while also allowing 
Seoul to defend its currency, was announced Dec. 4. 

With Japan, Mr. Clinton had less immediate effect. He and 
Mr. Rubin urged Mr. Hashimoto for months to stimulate 
domestic demand, chiefly with a tax cut to undo the damage 
done by a tax increase in April. But the prime minister resisted, 
saying that Japan's economy was on the way to recovery. 

At the Vancouver conference, Mr. Hashimoto said he bad 
been too optimistic. Mr. Clinton raised the pressure, declaring 
that it was up to Tokyo to lead Asia out of its troubles. Mr. 
Hashimoto announced sharp income tax cuts Wednesday. 

"It is hard to say how much Hashimoto was influenced by 


Clinton,” one Japanese diplomat said. 

"He might have gotten there without Clinton because the 
markets were pushing him to act,” a Japanese official said. 
‘ 'But the American shove was convenient. It's always safe to 
declare, ‘Washington made us do it' ” 


SL 


NORD/LB Norddeutsche Securities PLC 
fsILG 500,000,000.- • 

5.875% Notes 1997 due 2007 

iTruaraiuccd by Nwddeutsdic Undebank Orazentrale 

Lead Manager / September 1997 

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NOTICE TO SHAREHOLDERS 

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SOCIETE GENERALE ASSET MANAGEMENT 
(S.G.A.M.VPUTEAUX - LA DEFENSE, the Board of 
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The new prospectus setting forth the provisions of this 
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The Board of Directors 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19. 1997 


FACE 19 



















































































































Fighter in a Coma 


boxing Felix Bwalya, a Zam- 


bian light welterweight, was in a 
coma Thursday in Lusaka, four 


coma Thursday in Lusaka, four 
days after winning the Common- 
wealth title from Paul Burke, a Bri- 
ton, in a controversial decision. 

Bwalya was knocked down three 
. times in the last three rounds of the 
bout and was on the canvas as the 
. final bell sounded. He was admitted 

■ to Lusaka Teaching Hospital Tues- 
day after complaining of head- 

■ aches. He then passed out and was 
put on life support. His condition on 

-Thursday was critical. 

Hilary Matyola, head of the Zam- 
bia Boxing Board of Control, said 
officials were discussing whether 
■_ referee Hugo Mulenga should have 
stopped the 12-round fight. (AP) 



Baker-Finch Struggles 


golf Ian Baker-Finch, a former 
British Open winner, disqualified 
■ , himself from the Coolum Classic 
. on Thursday. 

The Australian picked up his ball 
on the ninth hole after a nightmare 
start to the pro-am event on Aus- 
. tralia's S unshine Coast Baker- 
Finch was six over par after eight 
.holes and then twice drove into 
. water on the ninth. (Reuters, AP) 


3 Ranked Teams Fall 


COLLEGE BASKETBALL Four 

days after beating tfaen-No. 1 Duke. 
No. 21 Michigan lost 89-83 at home 
to Eastern Michigan of the Mid- 
American Conference. 

Earl Boykins, who is just 5 foot S 
inches tall, scored 29 points for 
Eastern Michigan. Though Eastern 
Michigan and Michigan are less 
than 10 miles (16 kilometers] [apart, 
this was their first meeting in five 
seasons. 

In other upsets Wednesday, 
Clemson, playing without star point 


guard, Terrell McIntyre, beat No. 6 
South Carolina 62-57, and Marshall 


beat No. 23 Wake Forest 73-66. It 
was Marshall’s first victory over a 
ranked opponent ance 1991. (AP) 


Part-Timers Advance 


I soccer Part-timers Emley 
i reached the third round of the Eng- 
' lish FA. Cup fertile first time in its. 
94-year history when it beat third 
division Lincoln 4-3 on penalties 
Wednesday. The game was tied 3-3 
at the end of extra time. The York- 
shire club will visit premier league 
West Ham in tire next round. 

Goalkeeper Chris Maiples, who 
played professionally for Chester- 
field, York and Stockport before 
embarking on a cameras a garden- 
er, saved two Lincoln penalties in 
I . tile shoot-out (Reuters) 



CUP OF WORRY — Ricardo 
Texeira, president of Brazil’s 
Soccer Confederation, showing 
off the World Cup as be listened 
to questions on Tliursday about 
his strained relations with Pete, 
the sports minis ter of Brazil. 


2-to-l Victory 
Over Sao Paolo 
Wins Supercup 
For River Hate 


Wokld Soccer 


game tie. The first game, in Brazil, had 
ended in a scoreless draw in which 
River’s Sergi Berti was ejected for Irick- 
ingan opponent in the genitals. 

Each team had a player sent off Wed- 
nesday. Marcelinho. a Sao Paulo mid- 
field player, was sent off in the 30th 
minute. His dismissal gave Rivera one- 
man advantage until Leonardo Astrada 
was shown tire red card in the 70th 
minute. All the goals came while River 
bad an extra man. 

Salas scored his first in the 47th 
minute, punching the ball into the goal 
from close range following across from 
the right Dodo of Sao Paulo equalized 
one minute later with a shot from out- 
side the penalty area, hi the 57th minute, 
Salas pulled down a lobbed pass with 
his foot then dribbled post two de- 
fenders before scoring again. 

River missed a penalty kick in the 
10th minute. Roger, the Sao Paolo goal- 
keeper, saved the shot by Enzo 
Francescoli, River’s veteran from Uru- 
guay. Sao Paulo protested both the pen- 
alty award and Marcelinho’s expulsion 
from the game. “We were playing 
against the referee,” said Setginho, a 
Sao Paulo defender. 

• Adetico Mineiro of Brazil won the 


Conmebol Cup for the second time even 
though it could only draw, 1-1, at home 
in Belo Horizonte against Lanus of Ar- 
gentina. Lanas had six players suspen- 
ded following a brawl in the first leg. 

Atletico led Lanus. the defending 


champion, 4-1, from the first leg last 
month. That match ended in chaos as 


month. That match ended in chaos as 
Lanus players, officials and fans at- 
tacked die Mineiro team. 

PORTUGAL Humberto Coelho, a 
former defender for Portugal's national 
team and for Benfica of Lisbon, was 

named the natio nal team’s coach on 

Thursday. Coelho, 47, replaces a former 
Benfica teammate, Artur Jorge, who quit 
the post after Portugal failed to qualify for 
the 1998 World Cap finals in France. 

• Mario Jardel came on as a second- 
half substitute and scored seven goals as 
Porto beat second-division Juventude 
Evora, 9-1, in the fifth round of the 
Portuguese Cup on Wednesday night. 
Jardel scored his first four goals in a 
space of 12 minutes. 


Seizinger Skis to Her 6th Straight Victory 

At Val d’Isere, German Equals Killy’s Record for Consecutive World Cup Triumphs 


The Associated Press 

VAL D’ISERE, France — Kacja Seizinger won her 
sixth straight race Thursday to tie Jean-Claude Killy's 
record for consecutive World Cup victories. 

Killy learned to ski at Val d’Isere, and Seizinger 
skied here in her youth. 

“I started siding here in Val d’Isere and Zermatt,” 
Seizinger said. “I spent eight years in Les Mennires, 
so I really know the French Alps.” 

“Everything went smoothly again today,” said 


with six consecutive speed events. She has not lost Seizing start^ foe 

SWOm N0V ‘ 28 «* 


The G erman s kied tiie course in 1 minute 7.09 
seconds to beat Reflate Goetschl of Austria by .02 
second. 

■*I think I amreaiistic,” Seizinger said. “Iknowit’s 
always very, very close. Tbday, it was a new chance 
for everyone, and I had quite a lot of luck. ’ ' 

Hilde Gerg of Germany was third in" 1:07.64 on a 


Seizinger celebrating on Thursday. 


Seizin g er, who broke the women's record when she . courseof 1,695 meters (1.05 miles) with a drop of 510 
won four straight. “I’m happy that I can now be meters (1,668 feet) and 30 gates, 
mentioned in foe same breath as Killy.” Fourth was Stefhnic Schuster of Austria, at 1:07.67, 

Killy put together his record streak in January 1967, who had two runs down the hill after a timing mal- 
winning three downhills, two slaloms and a giant function on her first run. Michaels Dorfmeister of 
slalom. Seizinger has been favored by the schedule, Austria was fifth. 




Reuters 

Marcelo Salas scored two goals in 11 

minutes to give River Plate of Ar gentina 
a 2-1 victory over Sao Paulo of Brazil in 
the South American Supercap final. 

River, foe reigning Argentine cham- 
pion, triumphed in Buenos Aires on 
Wednesday in foe second leg of foe two- 



Ronaldo Kicks Up a Fuss 
About European Skills 


■ *' '*■ ■■ 

* . ; II 




'M0 ■*£>'%• 

t . ■ 


^ - A 


1 - ; 


ffWAfy Ray a /Rfulm 

Monserratof Sao Paolo, left, tackling Enzo Francescoli of River Plate. 


Problems Multiply for Sammer 


The Associated Press 

FRANKFURT — Matthias Sammer, 
foe ailing sweeper of foe Goman na- 
tional soccer team, is suffering from a 
hyperactive thyroid gland and may also 
have kidney problems, according to re- 
ports published Thursday. 

Sammer told Kicker, a German soc- 
cer magazine, that be was taking med- 
ication for his thyroid problem. 

The Bild newspaper reported that 
Sammer had developed kidney prob- 
lems, possibly as a result of anesthesia 
during several knee operations. 

Sammer, 30, Europe’s Player of the 
Year last season, had a fifth operation on 
his left knee OcL 6 and had to have 
additional surgery days later to treat a 
bacterial infection. He spent four weeks 
at a clinic in Bavaria for rehabilitation 
work on the knee and afterward was 
hospitalized for two weeks of tests that 
helped diagnose his thyroid problem. 


Dortmund, has acquired Manfred Binz, 
from the Italian club Brescia. Binz, a 
German veteran, plays sweeper, Sam- 
mer’s position. 


Sammer appeared to be upset that he 
was not told about the deal m advance. 


QmrlMt>tOurSidfFnmDbvm*a 

Ronaldo was scathing about the at- 
tacking s kills in European soccer in an 
interview published Thursday, while his 
national coach was critical of the 
striker’s condition. 

“There is nothing Brazilian players 
can gain technically when they come to 
Europe. Absolutely nothing. From that 
point of view there’s nothing to talk 
about,” Ronaldo told World Soccer 
magazine, which selected him its player 
of foe year. 

“But Brazilian players do gain added 
value when they transfer to Europe be- 
cause. whereas every Brazilian player 
knows bow to go forw ar d, it’s only in 
Europe that they learn bow to defend 
properly so (hat they develop into all- 
round footballers, 1 ’ he continued 

“They learn how to defend, how to 
work, bow to suffer for a result It’s an 
important learning process.” 

Ronaldo said that playing in Italy was 
far more difficult than in Spain, where 
he starred far Barcelona. 

“ 1 did not realize how much harder it 
would be,” he said. “Offfoe pitch I’ve 
not had problems. But in Spain the 
tactical options are different There’s 
much more space for players, which 
makes it easier.” 

In Italy , Ronaldo has been nicknamed 
II Fmomeno. 

“I don’t understand all this sudden 
amazement,” Ronaldo recently told the 
Italian media. “I Wa^-aiready: good 
when I was just 16 — poor but good 
nevertheless. I just get on with my work 
and try to do it foe best I can. 

Italian newspapers reported on 
Thursday that Mario Zagallo, the 
Brazilian national coach, is worried that 
Ronaldo, who plays far Inter Milan, the 
Italian League leader, is in poor shape. 

“He’s very tired, stressed.” foe 


coach said. “Both in his legs and head. 
He’s absent on foe field, with his 
thoughts elsewhere. A Ronaldo like this 
is no good to Brazil or, above all, turn- 
self.” . _ , 

7»galln spoke with reporters in Saudi 
Arabia, where Brazil is competing in the 
Confederations Cop exhibition tourna- 
ment. ■ 

“What worries me is his silence, 
Zagallo said. “He never came tome and 
said, ‘Coach, Fra tired. Let roe rest.’ 
Instead, he speaks little, less than usual, 
as though something was making him 
sad.” 

Ronaldo has played 73 official 
rYutffhwt in 1997, counting action with 
Brazil, Inter add, last season, Barcelona. 
Inter acquired Ronaldo from Ba rcelo na 
during the summer in a deal worth at 
least$55 million. 

Ronaldo, who has a sore shoulder, 
was expected to be held out of Brazil's 
semifinal against the Czech Republic on 
Friday. Uruguay plays Australia in foe 
other semifinaL 

Ronaldo said in Riyadh on Thursday. 
“I don’t want to make any excuses and 
I want to play.” 

Zagallo said, “I hope that the too. 
many games and excessive responsi- 
bility that he’s been dealing with for 
over a year don’t change his character or 
way of thinking. 

“He’s only 21 years old, and to last 
he has to keep playing with joy.” 

Far a 21-year-old^ Ronaldo sounds 
weary. 

“Time is (he one thing I don’t have,” 
Ronaldo told the It alian media. “I’ve 
thought of asking Santa Claus for more 
of it, but I know even he can’t help me. 


I never have time to be with my family, 
to see places, to relax with my friends. 


to see places, to relax with my friends. 
All that’ll have to wait until I stop 
playing.” (AP. Reuters) 


A Prince of Self -Promotion Seeks 
To Become King of Featherweights 

New York Times Service 

N ew YORK — in boxing’s Vantage Point / Davi Anderson 

steady surrender to wrestling’s — ; 

show biz instead of biz. the get knocked out. I’ll create a nice iob for imnort not onlv a RriHcH twrw 


solutely not! I want to go to France. I 
have to get fit early so that I can have 
enough time to prepare. [ hope that 
everything will be fine.” 

Meanwhile Sammer’s club, Boiussia 


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New York Times Service 

N EW YORK — In boxing’s 
steady surrender to wrestling’s 
show biz instead of biz, the 
houselights at Madison Square Garden 
will darken Friday night, music will 
thump and Prince Naseem Hamed will 
disco-dance through pseudo smoke 
along a 200-foot runway to foe ring, 
somersault over the top rope and land on 
the canvas. Feet first, presumably. 

In England, where the prince lived 
with his Yemeni parents who owned a 
grocery store in Sheffield, his entrances 
have taken as long as 20 minutes. He has 
been asked to trim his Garden arrival to 
10 minutes. 


He is not really a prince, of course, 
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even if he is foe world Boxing Or- 
ganization featherweight champion. 
Quite modestly, he calls himself prince 
because he concedes that he is not really 
a king yet, that he needs a few more 
knockouts, beginning Friday night 
against Kevin Kelley, from Queens, 
who disagrees. 

“Nobody can knock me out, ” KeUey 
shouted at the mandatory shout-in for foe 
television cameras, alluding to his 47-1- 
2 record with 32 knockouts. “Nobody’s 
ever going to knock me out” 

“You wouldn’t be in foe Garden if it 
wasn’t for me,” the prince shouted back 
in his British accent. “You’re going to 


get knocked out I'll create a nice job for 
you putting my posters up in Times 
Square. Make sure there are no creases 
in ’em.” 

Obviously, foe prince has the mouth. 
He has the record: 28-0 with 26 knock- 
outs. He has the money: $12 million in 
the last year. He has nearly a dozen 
fancy cars. 

But foe prince better not be a pauper 
as a boxer. Cynics grumble, “Who ’a he 
beat?” Is be more talk than talent? He 
doesn't seem to impress Junior Jones, 
foe WBO superbantamweight champi- 
on from Brooklyn, who will defend his 
title against Kennedy McKinney before 
the prince’s entrance. 

Asked by his trainer, Lon Duva, how 
he woald fight the mince, Jones never 
hesitated. “Step on nis feet,” he said 

And when Dino Duva, die Main 
Events promoter, was asked who had 
been foe prince’s toughest opponent, he 
shrugged. “Tom Johnson,” Duva said, 
meaning foe then International Boxing 
Federation champion, “but Tom was a 

shot fighter.” 

Another theory is that the Garden, 
where big fights have been few and far 
between in recent years, was so des- 
perate for an attraction that it had to 


import not only a British boxer, but aim 
a 126-pound featherwei gh t, ro ughl y 
half as big as George Foreman. 

But half a century ago, feather- 
weights filled the old Garden. Willie 
Pep and Sandy Saddle created two clas- 
sics there in 1948 and 1949 before mov- 
ing to Yankee Stadium in 1950 and the 
Polo Grounds in 1951; Saddler won 
their first, third and fourth fights by 
knockouL 

Even so. Pep is still considered per- 
haps foe best pure boxer in history. Of 
his 242 bouts, he won 230, with only 65 
knockouts. He is said to have once won 
a round on points without throwing * 
punch. 

Through the years, some of boxing's 
best names were featherweight cham- 
pions: Henry Armstrong, Alexis Ar- 

f uello Eder Jofre, Tony Canzoneri, 
alvador Sanchez, Ruben Olivares, 
Chalky Wright, Kid Chocolate. Wil- 
fredo Gomez, Young Griffo, Johnny 


Dundee. 
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Prince Naseem Hamed working out for bis bout vritb Kevin KeUey. 


But the prince’s inspiration, not sur- 
prisingly, has been Muhammad Ali. 

. * watched Alt’s fights on tape,” be 

s ^ e - f loved foe way 
he fought. I loved the way be conducted 
hin^lf. I loved foe way he used to 
proict. Everything about the man. He’s 
a hvmg legend. He’s my idoL I truly 
believe be was the greatest.” 

Although foe prince has said he can 
fight five ways, even left-handed oc- 
casionally, and that Ali could only fight 
onewry, he doesn’t pretend to be better 

“No way I’m better than him,” foe 
pnuce said. “ He’s on a platform of his 
owm rm a totally different fighter. You 
00 and^ «udy my 

“ trances «“ ^ay S a little 
“Tfc? 16 w H e , atI fiosphere,” he said. 

sgtaEigt: 

g^ng to come out erf the ring a win- 

w£ at he U SS^ ** PT* 00 ® fojesn’t win. 
leaves? dance °° ***** runway as he; 




G at Lake Louise, Alberta, then took foe sprint down- 
hill Wednesday at Val d’Isere. . . 

With her 34th career victory. Singer broke a tie 
witii former Liechtenstein racer Hanni Wenzel for 
third place on foe women’s career list 

Seizinger will free a tough test m the giant slalom 
Friday?Debbie Compagnoni of Italy is nding a seven- 
race winning streak in foe discipline ' 

rnmmgnnni won the last giant slalopo ui Park City, 
Utah, by mtve than three seco nd s. Seizinger aid not 
finish foe second run after being third on tbe first tun. 

‘•I had a good first run but I took too many risks on 
the second,’ ’ Seizinger said. “I went on the inside and 
skied ouL it was a common mistake.” 






Brazil’s Coach Describes Him as Tired, Stressed 9 


v -H' --mm 


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Tmit»*u 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. FRIDAY. DECEMBER 19, 1997 


PAGE 21 




SPORTS 


t \ i(*[ 0| . New Pact Gives Lindros 
1 1 “r fnumu ‘ $16 Million Over 2 Years 


'"‘/4 


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• • i ... . 

l "’ ■•JW-i. 

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• V.' 511 ’ K 

" 1 ‘ •fl -vj. 


‘ ks IpaFus 
>|»e:m Skills 


The Ajiii it tied Press 

PHILADELPHIA — Eric Lindros 
signed a deal with the Philadelphia Fly- 
ers worth $1 6 million over two seasons 

NHLtotoi highCSt avcrage 

The agreement increases Lindros's 
salary of nearly $4 million for this sea- 
son to $7.5 million, and provides h im 
$8.5 million for the 1998-99 campaign, 
said Ed Snider, the Flyers’ president. 

Lindros could have become a restric- 
ted free agent after this season, so the 
Flyers bought one more year. "The 
biggest part was to remain a Flyer, and 
that I've been able to accomplish,” Lin- 
dros said. 

The pact began to take shape Wed- 
nesday in a series of telephone calls 
between Snider and Carl Lindros, the 
player’s father and agent, who is based 
in Toronto. 

The two parties exchanged proposals 
for two- and three-year contracts. The 
Flyers wanted a three-year deal, but 
eventually settled for a pact that runs 
through next season. 

Snider, asked why Lindros and his 
father had not sought a longer-term deal, 
said; “They’re concerned with where 
the raaritet is going, and they don ’t want 
to be tied down to any number. Things 
have escalated at such a rapid rate rh»t 
they don’t want to look foolish and they 
want to know they're in the market- 
place.” 


A week ago. Pan! Sanya, a left wing 
with the Anaheim Mighty Ducks, 
signed a contract paying him $5.5 mil- 
lion this season ana S 8. 5 million for next 
year, raising the ante for Lindros and the 
Flyers. 

Joe Sakic of the Colorado Avalanche 
is the highest-paid NHL player tills year, 
making S17 million. But $15 million of 
that comes from a signing bonus, and he 
will receive a comparatively small $2 
million a year in the remaining two 
seasons of his contract 

Lindros will not even be the highest 
paid Flyer this season, as Philadelphia 
signed Chris Gratton to a contract that 
will pay him $10 millio n But $9 milli on 
of that is a signing bonus. Grafton's 
overall five-year deal is worth $16.5 
million. 

The Flyers were negotiating a new 
deal with Lindros earlier tins year, and 
the two parties appeared dose to an 
agreement. But calks abruptly broke off 
in September. 

lindros is in the final year of a $22- 
million, six-year contract he signed 
when the Flyers obtained him in 1992 in 
a trade with the Quebec Nordiques for 
six players, two draft choices and $15 
million. 

Lindros made $4.18 million last year, 
but his pay dropped to $3.74 million this 
season because the bonus he got when 
be signed in 1992 was only paid out over 
the first five years of the deal 





Rl,SuM*-hn..-. R.-UU1- 


New Jersey’s Kendall Gill, (eft, fouling Detroit’s Lindsey Hunter on a layup. 


Underdogs of the Ice Chalk Up a Winning Night 


The Associated Press 

Tampa Bay. Toronto and Van- 
couver, all last in their respective di- 
visions all won on the same nigbL On 
Underdog Night in the NHL, the strug- 
gling New York Rangers even man- 
aged to win at Florida. 

Canucks 5 , Coyotes 1 “We have to 
win lots of games to get back in the 
playoff race, ’ ' Pavel Bure said after his 
goal and two assists against Phoenix 
gave Vancouver two straight victories 
for only the third time this season. 

Trevor Linden. Gino Odjick, Dana 


Minzyn and Jyrki Lumme joined Bure 
in scoring fra the Canucks, who won 
for just the second time in their last 

NHL Roundup 

eight games and extended the Coyotes’ 
winless streak to eight games. 

Ligitning 2, Bruns o Corey Schwab 
made 31 saves for Tampa Bay's first 
shutout this season. 

Vladimir Vujtek’s first-period goal 
and Dino Ciccarelli's late empiy-netter 
helped Tampa Bay extend its home 


unbeaten streak to six games. Boston 
had a five-game winning streak 
snapped. 

MapJe Leafs 6, Mjjrfrty Ducks 2 Mats 

5 undin put the game out of reach with 
a pair of third-period goals 20 seconds 
apart, and Darby Hendrickson also 
scored twice as Toronto won at Ana- 
heim. 

Rangers 4, Panthers 2 Mike East- 
wood scored two goals — his fust of 
the season — and Pat LaFontaine had 
another game-winner as the Rangers 
won for the second time in 13 games. 


Blackhawks 0, Oilers O Goalies 
Curtis Joseph and Jeff Hackett dueled 
for 65 minutes as Edmonton and 
Chicago played to a tie. 

Islanders 4, Sabres 0 In New York, 
Tommy Salo stopped 28 shots as the 
New York Islanders extended their un- 
beaten streak to three in a rough game, 
maned by 1 14 penalty minutes. 

Red livings 2, Avalanche 2 Peter FofS- 
berg scored with 2:15 left in regulation 
to help Colorado tie Detroit in a re- 
match of last season's Western Con- 
ference finalists. 


Has Beens? Not Quite, 
Say the Raging Bulls i 

Jordan Duels With Bryant in Rout of Lakers 


The uted Press 

Shaquille O'Neal wasn’t there. Scoi- 
tie Pippen was. but he was wearing a 
designer suit. So it may be wrong to read 
too much into what Chicago Bulls did to 
the Los Angeles Lakers. 

Still, the reigning NBA champions, 
mired in 5ih place in the Central Di- 
vision. simply wiped the floor with the 
Lakers on Wednesday night, jumping 

NBA Roundup 

out to an early double-digit lead and 
never letting up as they earned a 104-83 
victory in a much- amici paled matchup 
of two of the league's most entertaining 
teams. 

“Until someone knocks us off the 
block, we're still king of the hill.” said 
Michael Jordan, who hir 12 of his 22 
shots and scored 36 points. 

The Lakers' Kobe Bryant, a player 
described by many as the heir to Jordan 
in terms of taienC scored a career-high 
33 points. But 16 came in the last quarter 
after the game's outcome was decided. 

Chicago's starters outscored their 
LA. counterparts, 52-24. in the first half 
as the host Bulls took a 57-41 lead. The 
Lakers got no closer than 16 in the 
second half. 

Hawks 94 , Cavaliers 83 In Atlanta. 
Steve Smith scored 23 points and the 
Hawks, bolstered by the return of Alan 
Henderson, pulled away in the fourth 
quarter to extend their winning streak to 
four games. 

The Hawks were coming off a four- 
game West Coast trip in which they won 
the final three games. The Cavaliers lost 
for the second lime in three games after 
a 10-game winning streak. 

Pacers 87, Knicks so Patrick Ewing 

led the Knicks with 23 points and 12 
rebounds, but he missed two shots from 
in close with New Y ork challengi ng late 
in the game and the Knicks lost 'their 
sixth straight road game. 

“Our defense was excellent from the 
last two or three minutes of the first 
quarter through the rest of the game.” 
said Larry Bird, the Indiana coach. 

Spurs 98, Grizzlies 87 David Robin- 
son scored 53 points and Avery Johnson 


had another 20-assist game as San Ant- 
onio survived a midgame lull to beat 
Vancouver. 

Johnson also had a career-high 20 
assists last week in a victory over the 
Clippers. Tim Duncan added 19 points 
ana 13 rebounds for the Spurs, who 
opened a four-game homestand with 
their fourth straight victory. 

Nets 105, Pistons ioi Keith VanHom 
snapped a tie with a three-point play with 
1:12 to go as New Jersey broke its 11- 
game losing streak against visiting De- 
troit. Van Horn finished with 22 points. 

Hornets 99, Bucks 90 Vlade Dr vac 
had 21 points, 12 rebounds and four 
assists as Charlotte matched its best- 
ever home start at 10-2. 

“1 saw a lot of good things out 
there.” said Anthony Mason, the Char- 
lotte forward. "There was a lot of un- 
selfish play. It was a great team eiTon. 
Our offense has a lot of play makers who 
can step up and make big plays when we 
need them." 

Timberwohros 94 , 76 ms 90 Toni 
Gugliotta scored a season-high 30 points 
as Minnesota snapped a five-game road 
losing streak by staging a fourth-quarter 
comeback in Philadelphia. 

The 76ers were ahead. 85-75, with 
6:34 to play before the Timberwolves 
reeled off a 16-3 run. The catalysts were 
Gugliotta. who scored eight ol the 16 
points, and Stephon Marburv. whose 
passing and shooting keyed the spurt. 

Wizards 88 , Heat 74 The Wizards 
raced to a 32-12 lead after one quartet 
and Rod Strickland had 21 points, eight 
assists, eight rebounds and tour steals as 
Washington improved its record at the 
MCI Center to 6-0. 

Alonzo Mourning, activated from the 
injured list earlier in the day. came off 
the bench and had 24 points on 9- for- 1 6 
shooting. He had nine rebounds, four 
blocks and six turnovers but committed 
a flagrant foul and a technical in 28 
minutes. Tim Hardaway, the Heat's 
leading scorer, was held scoreless. 

Celtics 88 , Raptors 83 In Toronto. 
Antoine Walker had 18 points and nine 
rebounds, and Chauneey Billups shot 
10-of-l 1 from the feul line and finished 
with 18 points for Boston. 


oiion Seek* 

' itlwnceii ^ 




Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Standings 


ATLANTIC DWI 90 N 


Pet GB 
Ml — 


New York 
New Jersey 

14 

13 

ID 

10 

5 B 3 

-565 

2 

Th 

Washington 

It 

14 

440 

5 V 5 

Phitadetatai 

1 6 

16 

an 

9 

Aticnta 

CENTRAL DIVISION 
19 5 

m 

_ 

Chariotta 

15 

7 

M2 

3 

Cleveland 

IS 

B 

JS2 

3 Vi 

Indiana • 

15 

8 

652 

3 V 4 

Chicago 

15 

9 

625 

4 

Milwaukee 

11 

12 

J 7 B 

Th 

Detroh 

11 

14 

M0 

8 Y, 

Toronto 

2 

22 

883 

17 

msmo cow 

HUM 



MIDWEST DtnSUN 
W L 

Pd 

GB 

Houston 

13 

7 

650 

— 

Utah 

• 14 

9 

409 

4 

Son Antaroa 

14 

10 

-583 

1 

Minnesota 

10 

13 

-05 

4 Vi 

Vancouver 

9 

16 

360 

654 

Dates 

5 

18 

317 


Denver 

1 

20 

.091 

12 

Seattle 

PAanconnsKW 
19 5 

.792 



LA. Lakers 

IB 

a 

.750 

1 

Phoenix 

13 

B 

619 

4 V 4 

Portland 

13 

9 

J 91 

5 


Socmmcrto B 16 333 11 

Golden State S 16 .238 12 % 

LACEppera 4 70 .167 15 

WHMf * usum 
Mnwl 12 jO 21 21—74 

Wosfatetfaa ' 32 16 21 19 — M 

M: Mounting 9-16 6-924 L*nord 6 - 14 (W 
15 .- Vfc (LStriddand 7-12 7 - 92 T. Cheorwy 7-11 
35 17 . RefcouNb— Miami 72 (Austin 131 . 
Washington 44 (Webber lQ);tosfcts-M. 17 
(Hardaway 6 ), W. 19 (OSMddand 8 ). 

Boston 17 S H 22-88 

Tomato 22 13 26 22- B 3 

B: Welker B -22 2 -4 16 BHhrps 34 10 - 11 1 ft 
T: McGratfy 7-11 3-4 77 . Christie 5 - 125 - 615 . 
Rrhnoaifa Boston 39 (Wotofl, Toronto -47 
(MBIer 8 ). Assfcts-Boston 20 (WaOter & 
Toronto 20 CStoodamim 5 ). 

Newtek is 15 20 20 — at 

Indkroa 22 21 23 21 — 87 

N.Y4 Ewing ID- 223-721 Mils 5-10 2 - 2 12 ; 
I: Suite MS 3-2 1 & Milter 4-12 5-6 14 
Unbound*— New Ynk 55 (Oakley 1 SL 
Indiana 58 (DDavte 9 ). Assists— New York 
17 (Oakley 4 ], I mSana 23 (Rosed). 

Detroit 27 27 12 25-101 

New Jersey - 28 25 28 24-105 

D;HBI 10 - 19 5 - 8 25 . B-WMomt 9 - 150 - 0 1 & 
N J4 GO! 8-14 5-7 22 . Van Horn 7-18 66 22 . 
ssboands— Dekott 45 (HM, B.WBtan» 10 ). 
New Jersey 56 (JaWOTams 22 ). Aatests- 
— DeL 21 (HBJ 6 ). N. Jersey 24 (QnseflUl. 
Minnesoto 22 28 li 28 - 94 , 

Ptdtedetphta 1 * 28 24 1 *- 90 

M. Gugfctto 13 - 254-434 Garnett 7 - 17 1-2 
IjfP-.tveman 7 - 175 - 822 , Jackson 5-11 M 12 , 
stockhouse 6-11 3-7 M Iteboo n ri*- 

— Minnesota 58 (Roberts 10 ), Phfladeiphia 57 
(Cummings 1 1 ). Assttt*— -Mtnrr. 27 (hreMon 
14 ). PhHadetohta 23 (Stockhouse, Iverson tf). 


Mlwaakee 25 18 20 27 - 98 

amriotle 25 34 15 25— 99 

At RoWrwort 10-162-224. ABenA-16 70-17 
24 C: Dime 9-16 3 - 521 , Mason 9-14 1-4 19 . 
Rebounds— MBwoutee 39 (HttllB), Charlotte 
45 (Dfvac 12 ). Asstsfe-MIhKrukee 20 (Perry 
S), Onrfofta 28 (Wfesfey 12 ). 

Oneiand 23 28 18 28 - D 

AttaatB 23 28 25 26 - 94 

C: Kemp 6-16 B- 102 & IXAnderm 7-12 66 
2 ft A: Smith 7-14 7-7 23 , Loeftner 8-10 2-3 1 & 
Retemnds— Ctaveteid 51 (llgouskfl* 14 ), 
AHwrin 37 (LoettMr 9 ). Assist*— Oevetand 
11 (IlgauakK Knight, D -Anderson 3 ). 
Atlanta Z 3 (Blaylock 7 ). 

LA. La bus 20 21 28 22 - 83 

Chicago 22 25 23 24-104 

LA.- Bryant 12-20 A-93X Cert pbeB 6 - 153 - 
3 15 s C! Jordan 12 - 22 11 - 1236 , Langley 10-13 
3-4 23 . Rtemunds— Lakers 47 (Hony 6 ). 
Chicago 61 (Rodman 14 ). Assist*— Lakers 18 
{Van Enel 5 ), Chicago 31 (Kvkoc 8 ). 
Vancouver 28 32 17 18 - 87 

Saa Antonia 28 19 27 24- 98 

V: AMor-Rahlm 6 - 18 12-14 24 Reeves 10 - 
20 3 J 2 ft SJL D -Robinson 13-22 7-12 331 
Dunam 7-16 5 - 7 19 . Rtbouods— Vancouver 
51 (Daniels 10 ). San Antonio 57 (Dunam 13 ). 
Assist*— Vancouver 17 (Daniels 6 L San 
Antonio 30 (Johnson 20 ). 

Top College Scores 

Ctemson 62 . Sooth CaraBna 57 

Florteo State 77 . Not Hi CoroAn o AshevUfcdO 

Mississippi 10 ft Be*nont 59 

Eastern Michigan 09 , Michigan S 3 , OT 

Marshall 73 . Wake Forest 66 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 






ICE HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


New Jersey 
Philadelphia 
Washington 
N.Y. 1 slanders 
N.Y. Rangers 
Florida 
Tampa Bay 


ATLAWTte MVtSION 
W L T PI* 
23 9 0 46 
I 19 9 6 44 

IS 12 7 37 
ts 14 15 5 33 

s 10 IS II 31 

11 18 5 27 
7 21 5 19 


NORTHEAST DIVISION 


PBrtburgh 

18 

10 

7 

43 

96 

81 

Montreal 

IB 

13 

4 

40 

103 

88 

Boston 

16 

13 

5 

37 

B 6 

86 

Ottawa 

14 

16 

4 

32 

84 

88 

Carolina 

13 

16 

5 

31 

89 

95 

Buffalo 

10 

16 

6 

26 

B 0 

93 


Colorado 
Las Angeles 
Anaheim 
E ta m o tor 
San Jose 
Ctegory 
Vancouver 


CENTRAL DmBtON 

W L T Pts 
22 9 4 48 

19 9 7 45 

20 12 3 43 

13 15 6 32 

11 16 5 27 

10 17 7 27 

MamnvBMN 

18 8 10 46 

S 12 14 6 30 

12 16 6 30 

11 16 8 30 

13 18 3 29 

10 18 7 77 

11 19 4 76 


WBMBDAV'S RESULTS 
Bute 0 0 8-0 

tf.V. tstandsr* 2 I 1—4 

1 st Period: New York. JonsGon 6 (Reichet, 
Beranfi (pp). 2 . New York. Relchd 14 (Pa Iffy, 
Jortsson] 2 d Period; New York Reichei 15 
(Green. Beranfi (ppj . 3 d Period: N.Y.- PaHfy 
14 (sh). Shots on goal: B- 7 - 11 - 10 - 28 . N Y.- 
8 - 13 - 8 — 29 . Gotetes B-Hasek N.Y.- Salo. 
Bostoa 0 0 8-0 

Tran pa Soy 1 0 1—2 

1 st Berio* T-VuPek 2 (Brausseau) 2 d 
Perio* None: 3 d Porto* T-Ocarrefli 5 
(Dykhutal (enl. Shot* on gw* B- 12 - 1 1 - 8 - 31 . 
T- 3 - 7 - 6 — 16 . Missed penalty shot— HehBA 
Bog. Href. GeeBes: B-Dctoe. T-Schwab. 

N.Y. Rangers 0 1 3-4 

Ftertdo 0 1 1-2 

1 st Porio* None: 2 d Ported. New York 
Skradand 4 (Kovalev. Samuefcson) 2 . F- 
WMtney 10 ( 5 veWa Gagneri (pp]. 3 dPerio* 
F-Wells 3 (Dvorak. Murphy) (sh). 4 New 
York Eastwood 1 (Sanwelsson) 5 ; New York 
LaForrtatoe 16 (Lindbom, Leektil 6. New 
York Eastwood 2 (Langdoiv Stock) Shots on 
gate: New York 12 - 12 - 16 — 40 . F- 9 - 9 - 11 — 29 . 
Goa&es; New York Rkhter.' F- 

VtmbiesbrDodL 

DetraB 0 118-2 

Cola redo 0 118-2 

1 st Ports* None. 2 d Perio* C-Lemteux 11 
(Sakic Deodmorsht 2 . D-Sharnhan 16 
(Larionov. UdsTrom) (ppl. 3 d Perio* D- 
HohRrtrom 3 (AAcCorty, Rouse) 4 C-Forsbcrg 
13 (Lemteux OzoUnoh) Overtano: None. 
Short on gete: D- 18 - 13 - 134 - 40 . C- 1 1 - 87 - 
4 — 28 . Gotetes: D-Osgood. C-BBCngton. 
Vancouver 2 3 0-5 

Pbootex l 0 0—1 

1 st Perio* V-Undcn 7 (Murzyn, Walker) 2 . 


V-Ckfllck 3 (Bure owutkD 3 > Phoenh, 
Gartner 6 (McKern le, Janney) 2 d Perio* V- 
Murzyn 5 IGelinas) & V-Lumme 4 (Messter, 
Bure) 6. V-Bure 22 (Messier. Bobych) (pp). 
3 d Perio* None. Stab on goat: V- 6 - 12 - 
5 - 23 . Phoenix 11 - 5 - 8-24 Coolie* V-Irbe. 
Phoenix. Khabibulln. 

CUeogo 0 8 0 8-8 

Edmonton 0 8 0 0—8 

1 st. 2 d and 3 d Perio* None. Ovwtimo: 
None. Shot* ongoofcC- 39 . 11 - 0 — 28 . E- 6 -I 0 - 
10 - 4 — 30 . Goafies: C-Hockett. E-Joseph. 
Toronto 2 1 3-4 

Anaheim 1 1 0-2 

1 st Perio* A-Stevenson 3 (Sacco) 2 , T-, 
Schneider 2 . 3 , T-Hendridsan 3 (Johnson) 
2 d Porie* A-Knrtyo 3 (Sekinne Ruatefi & 
T-Koralev 13 (Johnson, Sumfin) 3 d Porto* T- 
Sundm lZ 7 ,T-Sundini 3 (AAocotniSmi 1 ti) 8 , 
T-Hendrtckson 4 Shots on got* T- 16 - 11 - 
12 — 39 . A- 6 - 9 - 9 — 24 . Goafies: T-Pohrin. A- 
HeberL 


SKIING 


World Cup 

WOMEN'S SUPCB-O 

TUESDAY IN VAL D1SERE FRANCE 
1 . Kalja SeWnaec Germany, 1 nv, 7.09 & ?. 
Senate GoertchL Austria 1 : 07 . 11 : 3 . HBde 
Gcrmony, 1.87 At 4 . Stettmie Schuster, 
Austria 18747 ; 5 . Mkhoeta Dortmeisler, 
Austria 1 87 . 7 * 6 . Isolde Kosmer. Italy 
187 . 85 .- 7 . Barbara Merdn, Italy 187 . 5 ft 8 . 
Martina Ertt Germany, 187 . 97 : 9 . Corinne 
Rey-SelleL Snttzeriand, Alessandro Masv 
nlber. Austria 187.98 
SUPSLG (altar 3 mnu): I. Sdzinger. 


300 : 2 . Gera. 18 * 3 . Kostner. 18 Ct 4 . GortdiL 
175 ; 5 . EriL 114 ; 6 . Regina Housl Germany, 
91 ; 7 . Mdssnltter, 8 * B. Kalhorina Guten- 
soha Germany. 74 - 9 . DorfoKlster, 7 % 10 . 
Schusler, 60 . 

OVERALL (after 11 avanla): 1 . Seizin- 
qor. 743 points; 2 . Gerg. 48 ft 3 . Erit, Alft 4 . 
Kostner. 387 ; 5 . AAertMlber, 381 . 6 . Gotschl 
361 ; 7 . Deborah CompagnorU, Italy, 243 ; 8 . 
Yhta Nowea Sweden, 233 ; 9 . Heidi Zur- 
brtggen, Switzerland. 20 & 10 . LbHo Piccard, 
France 181 . 


SOCCER 


SOUM AMBtKAM SUPEKCUP 

FMAi, RETURN 

River Pule. Ara. 2. Son Paula Bra* 1 
River Plate won 2-1 on aggregate. 
COHMEBOL CUP 
FINAL RETURN LEG 
Atlefca Minolta Bra. 1 , Lotus. Anj - 1 
Ariefico Mlneiro won 5-2 on aggregate: 
anMAN cup 

QUARTERFINAL 

Bayern MunfcftZ Boyer Leverkusen 0 . 
SPANISH vmcr DIVISION 

Attetico Madrid 2 Altalloica 3 
Compostela 0 , Cetta Vigo 0 
Espanyol B Rudnq SontanderO 
Merida a Valladolid 0 
Oviedo I. Athletic Bilbao 2 
Salamanca 2 Tenerife 0 
Real Soctedod % Sparring Gfion I 
Real Zaragoza 3 , Real Madrid 2 
standings; Barcelona 37 ; Peal Madrid 
36 . Real Soocdnd 31 . Ati erica Madrid 3 * 
Espanyol 2 ft Cotta, Athletic Bilbao 28 ; Bells 


2 * MaRorea Zaragoza 34 Oviedo 22 ; Radng 
2 ft Salamanca Merida VaUodoUd 17 : Der . 
porttvD 1 & Valencia Compostela IS. Tenerife 
14 Sporting 3 . 

BMUSV PHMIU IU 6 UI 

Nawcastte (X Derby 0 


TRANSITIONS 


NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION 

MUUMt-Acilvated C Alonzo Mourning frori) 
Entered 1 st. Put G Charles Smith on injured 
Hst- 

NEW JERSEY— Placed F Chris Golfing mV 
injured list. Adtwried F Jock Haley from Irv 
lured Itet. 

FOOTBALL 

NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE 

A FI — Fined Denver LB Bill Romanowski 
57^00 lor spitting In the face of Son Frarv 
cisco's WR JJ Stakes in Monday nights 
game. 

ARtzoKA — Put DT Eric Swtmn and QL Joe 
Wall an ln|ured reserve. Signed DL Rashod 
Swinger from practice squad. 

0 CUVER— Released DT Michoel Dean 
Perry. 

WASNINGTON-Signed K Chris Jocke. PulG 
Tre Johnson on ln|uned reserve. 

h oar er 

NATKMAL HOCKEY LEAGUE 

PHILADELPHIA— Signed C Enc Lindros Id 
I -year contract extension through 1998-99 
season. 

COUEOE 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA— Fired John 
Robhoaa (ootball coach. Named Paul Mack'- 
elt new coach 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


\ P0M*T THINK \ IF k ttKJ l R£THf 
VOU'RE THE REAL) REAL 5AHTA, __ 

^ntaclaus^ WHTOARE (^(^|[^ 

helpers?, hr L -r J hr 





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TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1997 


POSTCARD 


i Cap email in Trouble? 


Star Turn: The Marketing of Matt Damon 


By Rick Lyman 

New York Times Sentce 


N EW YORK — After an- 
nouncing this week that 


IN nouncing this week that 
the Broadway opening of the 
Paul Simon musical “The 
Capeman” would be delayed 
for three weeks to Jan. 29. the 
producers are busily squelch- 
ing rumors that the show was 
in trouble and thar veteran di- 
rectors were being brought in 
to save it 

Dan Klores. who has been 
Simon's publicist for several 
years and is also one of the 
show's producers, said that 
the opening was being 
delayed only to provide time 
for more rehearsal, the ad- 
dition of at least one new song 
and other tinkering. 

“We have some terrific 
ideas to try and implement, and 
one of them is a big song in the 
second act, and we have some 
creative moves to make which 
will make the show even bet- 
ter,' 1 K1 ores said. “Die feeling 
is. why put something out there 
on Jan. 8 when we feel very 
strongly that we can put 
something out that’s much 
more entertaining three weeks 
later?" 

“The Capeman" has been 
in previews at the Marquis 
Theatre since Dec. I . and sev- 
eral theater professionals who 
have seen performances said 
that the show did appear to 
have some problems, includ- 
ing a puzzling dearth of dance 
sequences for a show being 
directed by a choreographer. 
Mark Morris. 

People who have purchased 
tickets to what would have 
been the First three weeks of 
regular performances, Jan. 8 
to 28, will be given a refund of 
the difference between the full 


production estimated that,' 
with additional rehearsal costs 
including overtime, the delay 
could end up costing between 
a half-million and a million 
dollars. But other theater pro- 
fessionals said that “Cape- 
man" tickets had been selling 
so well during previews that 
the actual loss may not be that 
great: Sales amount to about 
$100,000 a day. which is veiy 
substantial for a show that is 
still in previews. 

Broadway theater circles 
have been rife with rumors in 
recent weeks about problems 
in the show, which is based on 
a 1959 New York City murder 
case involving a Puerto Rjcan 
teenager convicted of killing 
two white teenagers. Most of 
these rumors concerned the 
relative inexperience of die 
'‘Capeman" creative team, 
particularly Morris, who is di- 
recting his first - Broadway 
musical. It is also Simon’s 
first Broadway musical, and 
the first for both of its leading 
performers, Ruben Blades 
and Marc Anthony. 


By Sharon Wa x-man 
Washington Post Sender 


L OS ANGELES — Matt Damon 
has arrived. The actor’s lim- 


J— /has arrived. The actor’s lim- 
ousine pulls up in front of the Brain 
Theatre in Westwood and out he 
steps, a young man with flushed 
cheeks, glistening eyes, perfect 
teeth. He’s wearing Armani, black, 
double-breasted. It was free. A 
hundred lightbulbs flash. “Matti 
Matt! " The din rises to a deafening 
clamor: “Man! Hey, Matti" Ped- 
estrians on the sidewalk have 
gathered in a knot: Matt who? 

Damon is numb, in a cloud. 
Blinded and deafened by his Hol- 
lywood Moment He grabs bis 
agent like a life preserver. Two 
arms, full body cling. Otherwise be 
might fall over. "It’s happening!" 
he splutters emotionally into the 
agent's ear. Agent Patrick 
Whiteseil smiles. “This is it! Oh 
my God. This is it." 

The scene is the Los Angeles 
premiere of Damon’s new film, 

n/:ii i 


‘Good Will Hunting." It is repeated 
three days later in New York. 

Damon has come out of 
nowhere. Ail of a sudden the actor 
is unavoidable — in a doable-page 
spread in Time magazine, in USA 
Today, pre-recorded on "The To- 
night Show," live on MTV. He’s in 
two movies this month, 4 ‘The Rain- 
maker," which just opened, and 
“Good Will Hunting;” which 
opens Christinas Day. He’s starring 
in a third, Steven Spielberg’s 
“Saving Private Ryan." this 
spring. He's shooting a new movie 
now, "Rounders," about a 
gambling addict drawn into the un- 
derworld. And with his appearance 
on die cover of December’s Vanity 
Fair, Damon has been officially 
received as the newly consecrated 
Hollywood prince. He’s this year’s 
Ma threw McConaughey. This sea- 
son’s Chris O’Donnell. This 
cycle’s Leonardo DiCaprio. 

It may seem sudden and random. 
Bnt there’s nothing sudden or ran- 
dom about it. The making by Hol- 
lywood of Matt Damon, the Star, is 
as deliberate as the crafting of Bill 


Moms, for instance, left the 
production for several days 
during previews, -the period 
when a director normally 
works long hours to fine-tune 
a production, to travel with his 
dance company. 


Klores said that the produ- 
rs had no intention of repla- 


ticket price and the preview 
price, a difference of S?7.50 for 


price, a difference of $7.50 for 
the most expensive seats. 

Two Broadway veterans 
who are not involved with the 


cere had no intention of repla- 
cing any member of the creative 
team, including Morris. “Mark 
Morris is totally solid," Klores 
said. “There is no issue there. 
We knew a year ago that he was 
committed to doing four days in 
Efccember with his dance com- 
pany. Ir was no problem. He has 
two assistant directors who are 
fine." 

He also denied rumors that 
veteran directors like Mike 
Nichols or Nicholas Hytner 
were coming into work on the 
show. 


Clinton, the Candidate, or Stella 
Tennant, the SupermodeL 

The actor is well aware of this. 
He knows that being a great actor is 
different from being a great movie 
star, and while be seeks only the 
former, he’s not unhappy about be- 
coming the latter. After all. for a 
long time (at least by a 27-year- 
old’s standards) he grumbled and 
chafed and fretted and .moaned: 
Why hasn't ray turn come? 

"I wasn’t the most gracious per- 
son," he admitted in a phone con- 
versation after the Los Angeles 
premiere. “I’m sure I looked at 
people, I looked all the time and 
said, ‘Why is that guy working 
when I’m not working?' That's the 
curse of the struggling actor." 

So why Damon? It could be be- 
cause he's deserving, as his friends 
say. It may be because he’s talented, 
as his collaborators attest. But more 
than likely it’s because Damon fits 
the ticket. He’s fresh-faced, sexy . . . 
and let's not forget the teeth. 

“I want [the New York Times] 
Arts & Leisure, GQ, Esquire, Van- 
ity Fair." says Chris Pula, the just- 
ousted head of marketing at Warner 


Bros., previously a marketing whiz 
at New Line, who knows something 


at New Line, who knows something 
about die starmakmg machine. 
“Those are the four backbone 
things that all the press reads that’s 
important in creating a buzz." 

Man Damon has had a low-grade 
buzz about him for more than a 
year. It began when a few people in 
Hollywood noticed his small role in 
"Courage Under Fire," starring 
Denzel Washington and Meg Ry- 
an. Damon played a soldier so 
freaked out by his war experience 
that he becomes a heroin addict He 
lost 40 pounds for a two-day scene, 
then gained diem back for a sub- 
sequent scene three weeks later. 
The experience has left him with a 
stress condition that he has only jnst 
stopped treating with medication. 

Dumb move, endangering his 
health like that right? Course not 
says Whiteseil, who counseled Da- 
mon to take the part "If you score 
and yon’re memorable, it gives 
people an awareness of you," he 



Matt Damon, Hollywood's latest Instant star. 


Ma Brijp» tafUw «Wun0no I'*’ 


They talked about actors in up-: 
coming projects; Allen mentioned- 
Damon. Sarkin had heard the buzz; 
she signed him up for a two-page 
spread in the October issue. 

Allen and Sarkin stayed in 
touch; the photo session for the 
October spread was in early July v 
.just after “Good Will Hunting" 
had wrapped its shoot. Then Sarkin . 
and Editor in Chief Graydon Carter 
were shown some scenes from . 
“Rainmaker" and "Hunting." 
Bull’s-eye* Carter anointed Damon 
as the December cover. "We were 
very flattered." says Alien. Sarkin 
declined to discuss this process, 
and Carter issued a comment 
through the magazine publicist 
about becoming convinced that 
Damon was the * ‘next big thing.".- 

Meanwhile, the buzz had kicked 
in elsewhere. Time magazine got 
Damon early, sending a reporter 
slumming through the streets of 
Manhattan with the as-yet-un- 
known actor. The Los Angeles . 
Times later got an exclusive Soon 
everyone else had to have him. The 
tabloids. The movie magazines. 
The "Today" show. 

"This business is driven now by 
movie stars," says agent WhiiesdL 
"More and more the studios need 
leading men to hang their films on. 


And once you’ve gotten past Tom 
Cruise. Brad Pitt, Matthew Mc- 


says. "That leads go Other oppor- 
tunities.” 

Which, as it happens, it did. Fran- 
cis Ford Coppola agreed to screen- 
test Damon tor “The Rainmaker" 
and chose him over Ed Norton, an- 
other hot new discovery. On die 
strength of that. "Good Will Hunt- 
ing." an old script that Damon 
wrote with childhood friend Ben 
Affleck, was being taken far more 
seriously. The script had languished 
because of Damon’s and Affleck’s 
insistence that they play the prin- 
cipal roles of roughneck buddies 
from Sooth Boston. Thai as be was 
doing research on his ^ ‘Rainmaker" 
character in Knoxville, Tennessee, 
Damon got the news that Miramax 
had picked up the project and 
agreed to the screenwriters’ toms. 


Soon after he got the green light 
for his screenplay, he sent an au- 


dition tape to Steven Spielberg, 
then briefly met the director thanks 


then briefly met the director thanks 
to Robin Williams, his co-star in 
"Good Will Hunting. * ’ That’s how 
he got the pan in “Saving Private 
Ryan." And once he was working 


with Coppola and Spielberg, once 
Damon had the formidable inde- 
pendent studio Miramax on his 
side, the starmaking machine shif- 
ted into gear. This past February, 
publicist Jennifer Allen met with 
Jane S arkin, Vanity Fair’s features 
editor. It was the sort of encounter 
that Hollywood publicists 
routinely have with key magazine 
editors, a delicate cross between 
seduction and sales pitch, part 
courtship and part casting call. 


Cruise, Brad Pitt, Matthew Mc- 
Conaughey, Keanu Reeves — who 
is there? There’s a real need for 
more leading men. It’s a suppiy- 
and-demand thing." 

Damon has been around the 
block. A Harvard dropout, he 
landed a few early roles — “Mys- 
tic Pizza" in 1988, “School Ties", 
in 1992 with Brendan Fraser and 
Chris O'Donnell, both of whom 
went on to steady acting careers. 
Damon, meanwhile, suffered in the 
wilderness with buddy Affleck, 
striving for bigger roles. landing 
only small ones. 

So when “Courage Under Fire” 
came along, a role with a severe 
weight- loss requirement, he de- 
cided to go for it. “Actors are han- 
dicapped by dint of the fact that 
we're hired guns," he says. 


THEATERS 


PEOPLE 


Now, That’s 42d Street: A Broadway Palace Is Built 


T HE film “Titanic” captured a leading 
eight nominations for the Golden Globe 


By David W. Dunlap 

Nn- York Tunes Service 


N EW YORK — "Tony, are 
they coins to pour the or- 


1 N they going to pour the or- 
chestra Thursday? Peter H. 

Kofrnan asked one morning last 
February, the edge in his voice 
suggesting that there was only 
one answer he wanted to hear. 

Kofrnan, an architect and en- 
gineer from Toronto, srood near 
Times Square inspecting an em- 
bryonic steel skeleton that was 
growing even as he watched, 
beam "upon column etched 
against a pale winter sky. In the 
fanlike arcs of the balcontes-to- 
be, the framework had begun to 
him at its structural destiny. It 
was becoming a theater. 

A really big theater. 

Concrete was about to be 
poured to form the auditorium Comedy tonig 
floor. And Kofrnan sought as- 
surance from the on-site project architect, Tony 
Tarazi, that this would occur the next day. as 
scheduled. 

Every hour mattered. Kofman's client. Garth H. 
Drabinsky. chairman and chief executive of Livent, 




-V **V- 

ip . ** 

%*r>- 






Ruby VhMvan/nirNn, ttwVTW. 

Comedy tonight: A timeless face emerges from a Ford Center mosaic. 


“We’re saving history and put- 
ting it in a ranch more practical 
environment," Drabinsky said. 
“The other theaters would have sat 
there and rotted. There’s no point 
in Talking about the conservation 
and restoration of histoiy if it can't 
be' savored by the pnblic.” 

There is much to be savored in 
the Lyric facade, designed by V. 
Hugo Koehler, who was also the 
architect -of a celebrated Harlem 
playhouse, the Lafayette Theater. 
Athena and Hermes gaze impass- 
ively on arriving theatergoers 
while demonic ram’s-head masks 
leer over their shoulders. Banded 
columns soar upward from a 
second-story balustrade, framing 
arches that contain the busts of 
three bewbiskered Edwardian ' 
gentlemen. The brickwork is 
punctuated by oculi and fes- 
tooned with epough wreaths for 


X eight nominations for the Golden Globe 
awards on Thursday, including selections for 
best dramatic motion picture, best director for 
James Cameron, best dramatic actor for Le- 
onardo DiCaprio and best dramatic actress 
for Kate Winslet James Brooks's "As 
Good As It Gets" earned six nominations, 
including best musical or comic movie, and 
Curtis Hanson’s “LA. Confidential’’ col- 
lected five nominations. “Amis tad” and 
"Good Will Hunting" each received four. 
Facing DiCaprio in the dramatic actor race 
were Matt Damon for “Good Will Hunt- 
ing"; Daniel Day-Lewis. “The Boxer"; 
Peter Fonda, “Ulee’s Gold,” and Djimon 
Hounsou, “Amis tad." The best dramatic act- 
ress picks: Helena Bonham Carter far ‘ ‘The 
Wings of the Dove’’;. Judi Dench, “(Her 
Majesty) Mis. Brown"; Jodie Foster, “Con- 
tact," and Jessica Lange, “A Thousand 
Acres." The awards are given by the Hol- 
lywood Foreign Press Association. 


Two historic 4 2d Street playhouses, the New 
Victory and New Amsterdam, have already been 


an opening-night bouquet, 
acade was bout an entirel' 


Behind this facade was built an entirely new 
four-story structure housing the main lobby, a box 


Nine years after the death of the spy Harold 
(Kim) Phil by, his widow has published a 
book, saying she wants to dispel some of the 
myths about Philby’s personal life. “Very 
many books have been written about Kim," 


reclaimed as part of the government-sponsored 42d office and two rehearsal halls. 


Every hour mattered. Kofman's client. Garth H. Street redevelopment project. Twelve days from On 42d Street, behind a smaller Lyric facade that 

Drabinsky. chairman and chief executive of Livent, now, when its curtain rises on the first New York was also preserved, is a renovated three-story struc- 
tiie Toronto-based theatrical production company, preview of the musical “Ragtime," the 1,821 -seat tore containing another box office and a through- 
had told the world that he would have the theater, Ford Center will take its place as one of Broadway’s block link to the main lobby. On the second floor is 
the Ford Center for the Performing Arts, open by largest theaters and its first new -playhouse in more an office, once used by the Shuberts, that will serve 
December 1 997. More than Drabinsky ‘s reputation than a decade. Opening night is Jan. 18. as Drab insky's New York base, 

was on the line with this high-stakes goal; so were Drabinsky is so proud of his theater that on Jnst west of the Lyric’s facade on 43d Street is a 

investment-tax credits worth $4 million to $5 mil- Sunday he is inviting the public to an inspection new 94-foot-long, 70-foot-high box- clad in red- 
lion, applicable only if the theater was in operation tour between 10 AM. and 6 P.M. Visitors will walk brick panels that contains* the auditorium of the 
by year’s end. over the speckled mosaic faces of Tragedy and Ford Center. Rising beside the auditorium is. the 


the Ford Center for the Performing Arts, open by 
December 1 997. More than Drabinsky ‘s reputation 
was on the line with this high-stakes goal; so were 
investment-tax credits worth $4 million to $5 mil- 


as Drab insky's New York base. 

Just west of the Lyric's facade on 43d Street is a 
new 94-foot-long, 70-foot-high box- clad in red- 


As it happened, the orchestra floor was poured on 
schedule. Indeed, it seems that almost everything 
has gone right with the $22.5 million construction 
project. And so its many doors — there are en- 
trances both on 42d and 43d streets — are about to 


over the speckled mosaic faces of Tragedy and Ford Center. Rising beside the auditorium is. the 
Comedy. They will discover as many chandeliers structure known as the stage house, which contains 


as a dowager has diamonds. Under the great el- 
liptical dome salvaged from the Apollo and re- 


;e deck, the fly loft into which scenery is 
and, below, the trap room into which the 


open, on time. This brings to a close the siory of Greece. And everywhere they will spot lyres, em- 
how a plush theatrical showplace emerged from blems of the Lyric; painted, stenciled, cast in iron. At the pinnacle of t fie sign is ‘die familiar logo of 

what was a muddy pit only a year ago. What they will not see is a restoration of the die Ford Motor Co., which paid Livent for “naming 

With a flourish, the Ford Center has appropriated Apollo and Lyric auditoriums. Until a year ago, the rights," as it has for theaters in Chicago. Toronto 
the exuberant 43d Street facade of the Lyric Theater Livent team artfully presented its plans to die public and Vancouver, British Columbia. Just how much, 
— a tum-of-the-century. four-story riot of richly as a kind ofcombination and renovation of two old neither company will say. But Christopher P. Dix- 
sculptured detail. But it has replaced the actual playhouses. In truth, die Lyric and Apollo were on, an entertainment analyst at Paine Webber who 
structure of the Lyric and its handsome next-door demolished. Yet key features were pieWrved and follows Livent, estimated that die New York theal- 
neighbor. the Apollo Theater of 1920. bookends to re incorporated in the new building: the Lyric's er commanded at least $8 million to $10 million. 


stored to Easter-egg perfection, they will find mur- stage floor can be lowered. Reaching 100 feet, this 
als depicting music, dance and drama in ancient structure is as tall as a 10-story apartment building. 


how a plush theatrical showplace emerged from 
what was a muddy pit only a year ago. 

With a flourish, the Ford Center has appropriated 


Atop it is a 40-foot-high rooftop sign; 

At the pinnacle of toe sign is toe familiar logo of 
toe Ford Motor Co., which paid Livent for * ‘naming 


the brief period when 42d Street was the theatrical facades and the domes, proscenium arch, boxes and 
hub of New York City, the giddily high-spirited 42d Street lobby from the Apollo, whicb was 


province of Shubert brothers and Ziegfeld girls. designed by Eugene DeRosa. 


In return. Ford gets its blue oval in lights over 
Broadway and its name repeated in countless ad- 
vertisements, posters, playbills and press accounts. 



The bluesman B.B. King, scheduled to 
perform at the Vatican’s Christmas concert on 
Friday, said he would donate 
his famous guitar, "Lu- 
cille," to Pope John Paul II 
after the performance. Others 
on toe program are Chaka 
Khan, the Portuguese group 
Madredeus and Mireille 
Mathieu. 


Roy Orbison, Bo 
Diddley, Paul Robeson and 
the Mills Brothers will be 
. honored for lifetime achieve- 
ment at toe Grammy Awards 
ceremony on Feb. 25. 


Oirqg NftwhtoHltr \ mu-laird fap 

Rufina Pukhova-Ph ilby at Moscow news conference. 


Bob Gddof, who helped 
raise money for Ethiopian 
famine victims in 1984, has 
raised $833,000 for Unicef to 
help victims of floods in 
Somalia. "When the So malis 
told me that Geldof means 
camel-looter in their lan- 

E iage, we had a great 
ugh," Geldof said of his 
trip there in June. 


Every country has its own AT&T Access Number 


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steps to follow for easy Spain — 900-99-00*1 t 

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Rufina Pukhova-Pbtiby said Thursday, 
“and I have read so many lies and con- 
tradictory statements, that I realized that 
nobody knows anything about his personal 
life.” Pukhova-PhUby, who is half Polish and 
half Russian, married Philby in 1970. She was 
his fourth wife. Philby passed British and 
American secrets to Moscow while working 
at toe top level of MI6, toe British intelligence 
service, for two decades, until toe mid-1950s, 
when he defected. 


A man authorities say was obsessed with 
Steven Spielberg was arrested around the 
director's home in Los Angeles carrying a list 
of his children’s addresses, as well as a box 
cutter, duct tape and handcuffs and articles 
about toe director’s films. Jonathan Norman 
faces- trial Jan. 13 on charges of stalking the 
director. At the time of his arrest near Spiel- 
berg's home in July, Norman identified him- 
self as Spielberg's adopted son. the prosecutor 
said. Spielberg was fuming in Ireland at toe 
rime. The details of the case had been sealed 
until how. 




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