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I?. 




Herald 



♦ i ^ 

nbune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES 


WASHINGTON POST 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Friday, December 26, 1997 



No. 35.713 


A Stunned Oklahoma City Regroups 

Nichols’s Manslaughter Verdict Raises Cry: ‘We’ll Get Him Here’ 


By Rick Bragg 

Ne H- York Times Sen-ice 

OKLAHOMA CITY — Someday, 
the widows, widowers, orphans and 
wounded from the Oklahoma City 
bombing will wake to morning news- 
papers and television news programs 
that make no mention of Timothy Mc- 
Veigh and Terry Nichols. 

But now, because a federal jury in 
Denver was unconvinced that Mr. Nich- 
ols intended to kill anyone when be 
helped Mr. McVeigh build a 4,000- 
poond (1,820-kilogram) bomb, there is 
a growing sentiment among many of 
those victims that they are entitled to a 
fuller measure of justice and that getting 
it will be worth the additional months 


and years of anguish that now appear to 
lie ahead 

The decision by the Denver jury, 
which on Tuesday convicted Mr. Nich- 
ols of conspiracy and involuntary man. 
slaughter but cleared him of murder, 
sent many Oklahoma City residents to 
bed feeling cheated and has furthered a 
public cry fora state murder trial of both 
of the accused. 

There is still a chance that the jury in 
Denver will impose a death penalty on 
Mr. Nichols for the conspiracy count. A 
federal judge ruled Wednesday that 
prosecutors could ask a jury next week 
to sentence Mr. Nichols to death, which 
apparently would be the first rest of a 
three -year -old federal law that all ows 
for the death penalty in a conspiracy 


case without a murder conviction. 

Noting that the U.S. Supreme Court 
had upheld the validity or “ inconsist- 
ent* ' jury verdicts, the judge, Richard 
Maisch of Federal District Court in 
Denver, set the stage for a high-stakes 
battle beginning Monday in which pros- 
ecutors will present the jury with emo- 
tional testimony firms relatives of many 
of the 1 68 people who. were killed in the 
bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Fed- 
eral Building on April 19, 1995. 

But many legal specialists say Mr. 
Nichols, having been found not guilty of 
murder in the federal trial in Denver, is 
unlikely to get the death penalty. 

Bob Macy, the Oklahoma County 

See VERDICT, Page 3 



C*riin Wa^ncrfAP 

Tern Nichols was found guilty of con- 
spiracy and manslaughter hi Denver. 



A Renewal of Faith in Europe 


Religious Belief Flourishes, 
Bui Not in Traditional Forms 

By Charles Trueheart 

Washington Post Service 

VALENCIA, Spain — At end of winter every 
year, this comer of Europe is thronged for four days 
and nights of singing, dancing and firecracker- 
popping that climax in a fiery exorcism. The phe- 
nomenon — not Catholicism, exactly, but the dis- 
tinctly local religion of the fallas — dates to the 
Middle Ages, but has never beat so popular or 
elaborate as in the last couple of decades. 

Priestless and only barely sacred, this faith is rooted 
in more than 400 “associations" that gather in mean 
neighborhood clubhouses — usually little more than 
a clutch of card tables in a local tavern. Throughout 
the year, hundreds of ornate and outrageous 75-fbot- 
tall (23- meter) papier-m3ch£ monuments — the fallas 
— are designed and built at huge time and expense. 
Then, on the appointed night, the fallas are set to die 
torch in massive bonfires of release and redemption. 

As an indication of a community of faith, measured 
in participation, financial support, spirituality, tra- 
dition and sacred rite, a real church in Europe could 
do no better, and seldom does as well, as the fellas. 

"This is what I identify with, this is where my 
faith is,” said Celedonio Toledo, a welder in the 
fallas club in die Valencia suburb of Masanasa. "If 
i weren’t doing this. L wouldn't be doing anything 
religious at all.’ „ . . . ... 

\TVafcncraVfeast of the fallas, held in mid-March 
■ rawiy year, is among a host of new ways Europeans 
are chasielitig the spiritual energy that science and 
state and a loss of religious memory have been 
unable s> extinguish. 

Late-century Europe can easily be called the most 
Godless quarter on earth. That, in any case, has been 
the prevailing wisdom. But today, following the rest 
of the world, Europe is effervescent with new re- 
ligiosity — be ^imported from afar, recovered from 
old, or renewed in a contemporary idiom. 

More than half of Europe's citizens still profess to 
be Roman Catholics, while nearly a third identify 
themselves as Protestants. Yet few attend church 
regularly — a century-old trend whose pace 
quickened in the social upheavals of the 1960s. The 
most obvious sign and most profound consequence 
has been the tumble to "near extinction of the tra- 
ditional parish church and the geographically based 
congregation that sustained it 

“Many Europeans have ceased to belong to their 
religious institutions in any meaningful sense, but 
they have not abandoned — so far — many of their 



ANSA/Rencn 


CHRISTMAS BLESSING —Pope John Paul 
H speaking to die faithful Thursday. Page 2. 

deep-seated religious motivations.*’ said Grace 
Davie, a sociologist of religion at the University of 
Exeter in England. 

No one is certain just bow large the new move- 
ments are; much of the religious ferment is hap- 
pening on the margins of established religions. Bnt 
signs of it can be found throughout the continent. 

The Spaniards are creating a national patchwork 
of local. Christian-inspired but overtly secular re- 
ligions. The French are sampling Buddhism and 
massingon pilgrimages to shrmes of obscure saints. 
The Italians are returning to long-buried Catholic 
forms and ideals in communities of renewal. The 
British are: modernizing their parish life and feeding 
a hunger for Bible study. The Swedes are reclaiming 

See RELIGION, Page 5 


U.S. to Maintain 
Force in Panama 
After Handover 

Tentative Pact Allows for Base 
After Transfer of Canal in 1999 


By Larry Rohter 

New York Times Service 

MIAMI — The United Stares and Panama have 
reached a tentative agreement that would permit 
American troops to remain in Panama after the United 
States relinquishes control of the Panama Canal in 
1999, according to officials of both governments. 

The accord rails for the establishment of a regional 
drug interdiction center at Howard Air Force Base, a 
U.S. installation in Panama that the United Stares is 
scheduled to hand over in two years. 

Though Panamanian and other Latin American sol- 
diers and police officers also would be deployed at the 
center, which would be under Panama's control, “the 
agreement is essentially a fig leaf to enable the United 
States to stay on in Panama well into the 2 1 st century, " 
a Latin American diplomat said Wednesday. 

For President Ernesto Perez BaJladares and die 
Democratic Revolutionary Party that he leads . the agree- 
ment, which is subject to approval by the P anamanian 
Congress, represents a stunning turnabout. 

The party was founded by General Omar Torrijos, 
the nationalist strongman who negotiated the Panama 
Canal Treaties with President Jimmy Carter and ar- 
gued that Panama would only become a fully sov- 
ereign country cm the day U.S. troops finally left 

Exactly how many U.S. troops would continue to be 
stationed in Panama after 1999 remains unclear. The 
number is not likely to be known until the formal 
announcement of the agreement, which officials said 
could come as early as next week. But in the past, 
American and Panamanian officials have suggested 
that about 2,000 soldiers would be needed. 

Under the canal treaties, signed in 1977, the United 
States is to hand over full control of the canal to the 
Panamanian government by Dec. 31. 1999. 

As currently written, the treaties also require the 
United States to withdraw all its troops and give up all 
its military bases in the former Panama Canal Zone by 
that date. Under those pacts, foe United States has been 
closing bases and withdrawing troops ever since Amer- 
ican forces invaded Panama eight years ago this week to 
overthrow the military dictatorship of General Manuel 

See PANAMA, Page 3 



Puddings So Thick They Could Explode? 


The Associated Press 

_ LONDON — Security officers at Manchester 
Airport have uncovered a new threat to public safety 
— the traditional English Christinas pudding. 

Anybody who has ever overindulged in these 
intensely rich, dark suet puddings, o o zing brandy and 
calories, will understand wby foe airport’s X-ray 
scanners mistake them for Semtex plastic explosives 
in the baggage of innocent travelers. 

Hundreds of British citizens traveling for foe 
holidays were takin g along the one ingredient of 
Christmas they could not leave behind — that aged 
and fragrant cannonball of flour, eggs, suet, dried 


fruit and spices, just like grandmother used to 
make. 

* ‘The security system is designed to detect organic 
matter like Semtex. and Christmas puddings have an 
unusual density which alerts foe system," ah airport 
spokesman said Wednesday on foe condition he not 
be identified. 

So security officers have had to examine hundreds 
of bags before allowing them onto aircraft. 

"'Hie system is simply doing its job and doing it 
extremely well." foe spokesman said. 

“It isn't causing any inconvenience or delays to 
passengers," he added. 


Algeria’s Governing Party Leads in Upper-House Vote 


PACE TWO 

A Business Meeting in the Malaysian Jungle 

THE AMERICAS 

Mexican Christmas in Mounting 

Pag* 3. 

Books 

Page 9. 



Opinion - . — 

Pages 6, 

Sports ...» 

Pages 14-15. 


The IHT on-lirsc www.iht.cc’m 


PARIS (Reuters ) — Followers of President Liam- 
ine Zerooal took a strong lead Thursday as members 
of Algeria’s local councils chose representatives to 
sit in the upper house of Parliament 
State radio said the National Democratic Rally had 
won 35 of the first 42 seats decided. 

The local councils were ejecting 96 members of the 
144-member house. Mr. Zeroual will appoint foe other 
48. The former governing party, foe National Lib- 
eration Front took six seats in early returns, and the 
Islamist-oriental Movement for a Peaceful Society 
took one, state radio said. (Related article. Page 7) 


taldc M»«ntfcsrfThc A».«4cll Kit*. 

ARREST IN ZAMBIA — Kenneth Kaunda, 
the former president, peering out of a police 
vehicle as he was taken to prison. Page 7 


AGENDA 


Seoul Enlists Japan 
For Help on Loans 

Tokyo Pushes Banks as Korea 
Gets $10 Billion in Early Aid 


CtatjtM byOwSwjfFnmt Vapturkn 

TOKYO — Japanese officials pres- 
sured banks here Thursday to loosen the 
terms of loans to their South Korean 
counterparts to try to ease foe financial 
crisis of the cash-starved Korean econ- 
omy. The discussions followed a de- 
cision by the world's richest nations 
Wednesday to speed S10 billion in 
emergency aid to SeouL 

Japanese banks hold the largest share 
of the $100 billion in short-term foreign 
debt that South Korean banks must re- 
pay over foe next year. Rolling over 
Japanese bank loans is a key to foe 
stability of foe Korean financial system, 
many economists say: but Japan's ailing 
banks are in foe midst of a credit crunch 
and trying to cm back lending. 

The governor of the Bank of Japan. 
Yasuo Matsushita, “voiced strong ex- 
pectations" that Japanese banks will 
“roll over their loans on a voluntary 
basis." Takashi Anzai. executive di- 
rector at the central bank, said after Mr. 
Matsushita met with his counterpart at 
foe Bank of Korea, Lee Kyung Shik. 

On Wednesday, the world's leading 
industrialized nations and the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund announced, in a 
move orchestrated by President Bill 
Clinton’s administration, that they 
would advance $10 billion in aid to 
South Korea. Many economists saw the 
action as an acknowledgment that foe 
$60 billion rescue package announced 
three weeks ago had failed to ease 
Seoul's financial crisis. 

Six top U.S. banks said Wednesday 
after a meering at the Federal Reserve 
Bank of New York that they expected to 
comply with foe request for foe funds 
and would begin discussions soon with 
other institutions among South Korea's 
creditors. 

The latest $10 billion in aid repre- 
sents a sharp turnaround for foe U.S. 
position. As recently as last week, U.S. 
Treasury and IMF officials were adam- 
antly declaring — publicly and 
privately — that there was no need to 
change foe rescue package or provide 
funds any sooner than originally sched- 
uled- 

The package comprises $2 billion 
from foe IMF and $8 billion from a 
group of wealthy nations including Ja- 
the United States and Germany, 
money already had been promised 
to Seoul in the rescue plan, but foe loans 
are being disbursed this month and in 


early January', in a reversal of previous 
official insistence that South Korea 
would not need the loans until much 
later — and probably would nor need 
them at all. 

The new bailout plan represents a 
consensus within the financial estab- 
lishment — the secretive, clubby world 
of finance ministers, foe JMF and 
powerful private banks — that emer- 
gency steps were needed lo prevent the 
South Korean banking crisis from be- 


See KOREA, Page 13 



ILuLqL |/iHHKl|nii< < n 


German Indicted 
By Israeli Court 

Stephan Josef Smyrek, 26, a Ger- 
man, above, was indicted by an 
Israeli court Thursday on charges 
of planning a suicide attack in Israel 
on behalf of Hezbollah, foe Leb- 
anese guerrilla movement. Page 4. 



How Yeltsin Sees Russia: 
A Bleak List of Problems 


Document Depicts Weakened, Preoccupied Land 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Pi<sr Sen-ice 

MOSCOW — President Boris 
Yeltsin has signed Russia's first post- 
Soviet national security “concept," a 
document that describes a badly 
weakened country in which foe chief 
threats are internal economic chaos, eth- 
nic and regional strains and polarization 
of Russian society. 

Hie 37-page document, a copy of 
which was obtained by The Washington 
Post, offers a marked contrast to foe 
global ambitions of the Soviet Union. It 
is largely inward-looking and acknowl- 
edges a host of domestic problems in- 
cluding efforts by criminals to infiltrate 
foe government, foe prospect that Rus- 
sia may not hold together as a federation 
and concerns that many stretches of 
Russia's borders are unguarded. 

It also calls on Russia to use its assets 
— such as its plentiful natural resources 
— to help establish the basic institutions 
of democracy and a market economy 
and support a large scientific base as a 
means of putting foe country back on its 
feet 

The document also suggests that with 
its conventional military forces serious- 
ly weakened, Russia will rely on nuclear 
weapons if attacked. Officials said this 
year that the new concept basically re- 
pealed a pledge made by Mikhail 
Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader, not to 
be foe first to use nuclear weapons. The 
United States has never made a no- first- 
use pledge. 


Russia “reserves to itself foe right lo 
use all the means and powers it has in its 
possession, including nuclear weapons, 
if as a result of unleashing an armed 
aggression there will appear a threat to 
the very existence” of ihe state, foe 
document says. 

Mr. Yeltsin signed the national se- 
curity concept Dec. 17 after lengthy 
debate and revisions, but it has nor been 
made public. It is not clear whether the 
document will have any real impact on 
decision-making, but it offers a glimpse 
into foe thinking of Russia's political 
leaders and policymakers. 

Andrei Piontkowsky,- director of foe 
Center for Strategic Studies, said Rus- 
sian policy would continue to be de- 
termined by daily events or in response 
to crises rather than by theoretical doc- 
uments. But he said foe national security 
concept was a "realistic' ’ and "quite 
reasonable" description of Russia's 
situation. 

The Russian document acknowledges 
that Moscow's influence in the world has 
"considerably decreased." 

It notes that Russia opposed foe ex- 
pansion of foe North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization and that foe expansion is 
proceeding anyway, and it says the mul- 
tilateral organizations on which Russia 
relies, such' as the United Nations, foe 
Commonwealth of independent States 
and the Organization for Security and 
Cooperation in Europe, "are still not 
very effective." Thedocument says that 

See RUSSIA, Page 5 


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How Nosy Can a 


By William I. Broad 

.Vni' York Tones Srn'tc e 

NEW YORK — The world’s firet civilian spy 
satellite has been fired into space, introducing an 
era when anyone with a credit card can peer down 
on the globe to view secret military bases or the 

backyards of neighbors with high fences. 

The launching ends a monopoly that the gov- 
ernments of advanced nations have held for nearly 
four decades on spying from space. 

The commercial spy craft was built by Earth- 
Watch Inc. of Longmont, Colorado, and was 

■* 


Person Get? Private Spy Satellite Up and Running 


launched Wednesday from Russia atop a Russian 
commercial rocket. 

Rivaling military satellites in the power of its 
cameras and foe sharpness of its photographs, foe 
satellite, known as EarlyBind 1, is designed to see 
features on the ground as small as 3 meters long: 
cars, trucks, buildings, roads and bridges, for ex- 
ample. Future satellites are expected to have even 
sharper vision. 

“The people of foe world will soon have easy 
and inexpensive access to foe most refined, rep- 
resentation of our planet ever assembled," the 
president of the company, Donovan Hicks, said. 


Earth Watch said that customers were lining up 
to buy images, ordering them via its Internet site, at 
www.digiralgIobe.com. Bob Wientzen, a company 
spokesman, said customers would pay $300 to 
$725 an image, depending on whether it came from 
an Earth Watch archive or was acquired specially 
for foe customer. 

Although in a few isolated instances some gov- 
ernments have sold old images made hy military 
satellites, no civilian satellite has ever before been 
able to see such small objects on the ground. 

While the new craft pose knotty security and 
privacy questions foal may lake years to resolve. 


their builders tend to play down such issues and 
instead point to foe benefit for such activities as 
cartography, law enforcement, oil exploration, dis- 
aster relief and urban planning. 

Public-interest groups hope to use ihe photos to 
monitor arms control treaties and to police foe 
world’s intelligence services. Foreign govern- 
ments that cannor afford their own satellite systems 
are also expected to be customers. 

The federal rules under which American compa- 
nies were granted licenses for the new class of spy 

See SPY, Page 3 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


‘ Revitalizing ’ Workers / Companies Teach Career Skills in the Bush 


Malaysian Business: It’s a Jungle Out There 


By Thomas Fuller 

hnemino/ul Herald Tribune 


L UMUT, Malaysia — After 
spending the night crouched 
in her underwear beneath a 
leaky makeshift tent, Norita 
Moharoed Noh, a manager at Malay- 
sia’s biggest telephone company, was 
ready to leave the jungle. 

Mrs. Norita had spent three days 
alone in a small clearing with a strict 
ration of biscuits and rice, a handful of 
matches and a few warnings about the 
nearby monkeys always eager for a 
snack. When it started to rain heavily, 
she removed her pants and tucked 
them into a bag to keep them dry. 

“The worst pan was not having a 
shower,' ' Mrs. Norita told a visitor as 
she gathered her belongings. 

Every year. Telekom Malaysia, 
Mrs. Norita’s employer, sends nearly 
100 managers, technicians and sec- 
retaries into the jungle for a program 
that company officials say “revital- 
izes" staff members. 

That may be patting it nicely. 

Mrs. Norita, who is in charge of 
setting up Telekom Malaysia's video- 
on -demand program, spent a good 
deal of her time worrying about bugs 
— and they were not computer bugs. 
They were mosquitoes and centipedes 
and what she described as "10 dif- 
ferent species of giant ants.” 

Before she set off for the jungle, 
instructors confiscated her cellular 
phone, watch, flashlight, pocketknife 
and books. She was allowed paper 
and pen, however, and when the ink 
ran out, she used a smuggled eyebrow 
pencil to jot down thoughts. 








Hut FaBindcs'TV line 


Getting people "early” can some- 
times mean before they attend a uni- 
versity. Mr. Pan said several compa- 
nies scouted for managers at the high 
school level, brought mem to an out- 
doors course and then paid for their 
university education on condition that 
they work for the company after they 
graduate. 

Managers who are chosen young 
often can rise to top positions rapidly. 

Joan Lim-Choong, 33, is a general 
manager of a hospital in Kuala Lum- 
pur, in charge of more than 200 
people. Mrs. Lim-Cboong and a 
dozen fellow junior executives from 
Johor Carp., a Malaysian conglom- 
erate, are taking part in a 10 -day 
course offering more traditional 
team-building exercises, such as rock 
climbing and rope courses. The 
schedule includes a two-day kayaking 
trip and trekking in the jungle. 

"They gave us a map and a com- 
pass and left us there," said Mrs. Lim- 
Choong. "It was horrible. Eight hours 
in the jungle." 


Russian Rocket Fails 

During Satellite Launch 

Malfunction Deviates Chinese Device's Orbit, 
Raising Fears of Crash to Earth , Experts say 


'We leant our people to be rugged' - a participant in the 
course after spending three nights in the Malaysian jungle. 


foster "personal growth” among em- 
ployees and created team spirit in a 
far-flung company. The programs also 
help the company identify leaders. 


W HAT DOES jungle sur- 
vival have to do with 
video on demand? Not 
much on a day-to-day 
basis, personnel managers from 
companies involved concede. But Ar- 
baeyah Yahya, a consultant in 
Telekom Malaysia's personnel de- 
partment, said the programs helped 


Mrs. Arbaeyah said, adding that every 
employee was expected at some point 
to go through a similar program. 

"We want our people to be rugged 
and not just to sit behind a desk,’ ' she 
said. Telekom Malaysia is just one of 
dozens of large Malaysian corpora- 
tions that have been sending employ- 
ees outdoors on similar courses. Out- 
ward Bound, the British-based 
organization that organized 
Telekom’s program, lists 34 mostly 
blue-chip companies that participate 
in the program. 

‘Traditionally, many Asians con- 
sidered outdoors activities as a waste of 
time — a missed opportunity to make 


money,” said Steven Pan, a retired 
Malaysian military officer and head of 
the Outward Bound program hoe. But 
these days, he said, “the outdoors in- 
dustry is growing very fast” 

A main reason that companies send 
employees to outdoor courses is that 
they need to retain them over the long 
term, Mr. Pan said. By showing em- 
ployees they are interested in their 
personal development, companies 
can instill a sense of loyalty in them, 
he said. 

For Malaysian companies, retain- 
ing staff is crucial. Even amid an eco- 
nomic downturn, the country is suf- 


fering from a severe labor shortage. 
“You set the people you want a 


“You get the people you want as 
early as you can, and then you spend a 
lot of time training them and hope they 
. will stay a long time," Mr. Pan said 


S HE AND HER group are in- 
structed by a former drill ser- 
geant who peppers his speech 
with phrases like "A ship is 
not built to sail in the harbor — it's 
built to sail at sea” and “Only the 
strong survive.” Pacing in front of the 
seated junior executives, the former 
drill sergeant fires questions. 

“How many bags did you come 
here with?” he asks. 

"Two/ ’ offers an executive dressed 
in a sweat-stained T-shin and shorts. 

"Wrong. It was three. One was your 
attitude. Throw that one overboard." 

If this type of interrogation and solo 
nights in ihejungle witii the insects and 
monkeys seem to make a strange way 
to instill corporate loyalty in junior 
executives, personnel managers say, 
employees tend to see the gain over the 
pain once the course is finished 
“After they come back, they tell us 
that they have no regrets/' Mrs. Ar- 
. baeyah said 


Reuters 

MOSCOW — A satellite owned by 

Asia Satellite Telecommunications 

Holdings Ltd and launched by Russia 
on Thursday deviated from its planned 
route into orbit, a spokesman for the 
Russian space center said 

Experts differed over the possibility 
of the satellite’s Ming to Earth. 

Konstantin Lantratov. a spokesman 
for the Khrunichev Space Center, said 
AsiaSat 3 might fall in several months. 

The Moscow-based space center is 
the maker of the Proton booster, which 
took the AsiaSat 3 communications 
satellite into space for Asia Satellite 
Telecommunications of Hong Kong. 

Mr. Lantratov said the satellite would 
circle the earth for the next few months, 
losing altitude until several of its parts 
fell to Earth. . 

“Not all parts will bum in Earth s 
atmosphere,” he said 

But Asia Satellite Telecommunica- 
tions' deputy chief executive officer. 
Bill Wade, said the troubled satellite 
would not plunge back to earth. 

“No, it’s well beyond the earth's at- 


two fixed beams covering South Mia 
and East Asia, as well as an in-orim 

steerable beam. . , • 

The satellite was supposed to be po- 
sitioned at 105.5 degrees cast toMin.de, 
the present orbital locaoon * L. 


the present orbital location of AsiaSat I, 
which reaches more than -20 million 
people across the Asia- Pacific. 

*On Tuesday, Russia postponed the 
, c a a hwvmse of bad 


mosphere. There’s no possible way it can 
come back to earth,” Mr- Wade said 


launch ofAsiaSai 3 because of bad 
weather — an unprecedented move i un- 
derlining the launch’s value to Mos- 
COW. 

In Soviet times, satellites were 
launched in line with directives from 
Moscow regardless of any risks posed 
by bad weather. But two years ago, 
Russia began offering commercial ser- 
vices to foreign clients. 

Space experts say Moscow charges 
around $70 million for each launch- 

Peter Jackson, Asia Satellite Tele* 
communications' coordinator, said at 
the time his company welcomed the 
decision to postpone. 

"Safety is a very important factor in 

diis situation.” Mr. Jackson said. 

Russian news agencies said the satel- 
lite was launch^ at 2:19 A.M. on 


He said the company was investigating 
what appeared to have been an anomaly 
in the final stage of die launch of AsiaSat 
3, which took off early Thursday from the 
Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. 

The 2,534 kilogram (5,586 pound) 
satellite was made by Hughes Electron- 
ics Corp., a unit of General Motors Corp., 
to provide television coverage and tele- 
communications services to 50 countries 
throughout Asia, tbe Middle East and the 
Commonwealth of Independent States. 

The satellite is carrying 28 C-band 
and 16 Ku-band transponders. Satellite 
Telecommunications said. 

Its C-*band footprint was designed to 
provide extensive geographical reach 
while its Ku-band coverage comprised 


UIG — ‘ - 

Thursday, carried by a Proton booster 
rocket. , . _ 

After six hours and 20 minutes of 
flight the satellite lost its orbit when the 
engine of the last stage of the booster 
' suddenly switched off 

“The engine has been working only 
one second instead of 110 seconds," 
Mr. Lantratov said. 

The satellite separated from the failed 
block but deviated into a wrong orbit. 

Mr. Lantratov said both Proton and 
AsiaSat 3 were insured. 

Tbe space center has made seven 
commercial launches using heavy Pro- 
ton-K boosters and Mr. Lantratov said 
the company would suspend further 
fcumrfieg pending an investigation into 
Thursday s incident. 


Pope to Visit Assisi to See Quake Victims 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Mir Cosmonauts 
Receive Their Pay 


The Associated Press 

VATICAN CITY — Pope 
John Paul II offered Christ- 
mas solidarity Thursday to 
refugees, the homeless and the 
jobless and announced that he 
would visit the central Italian 
town of Assisi next week to 
comfort earthquake victims. 

His voice sounding weary 
after a nearly two-hour mid- 
night Mass, the Pope emerged 
at noon on die central balcony 
of Sl Peter’s Basilica to greet 
tens of thousands of pilgrims, 
tourists and Romans as- 
sembled for his traditional 
Urbi el Orbi (Latin for "To 
the City and the World”) 
Christmas message. 

Because of his frail health, 
the Pope no longer leads the 
main midmoming Christmas 
Day Mass in Sl Peter's Ba- 
silica. 

But his announcement that 


v 


he would go Jan. 3 to die Sl 
F rancis Basilica in Assisi, 
which was devastated by 
earthquakes Sept 26, and to 
another town in that area ap- 
peared aimed at deflecting 
speculation that the Pope was 
slowing down. 

The one-day trip to the 
Umbria and Marche regions 
in the central Apennine 
mountains, where thousands 
of people whose homes were 
destroyed are still living in 
tents and trailers, will come 
18 days before he takes off on - 
the first papal trip to Cuba. 

In his message, tbe pontiff 
said: “Today, a day of joy for 
all. a day filled with so many 
calls for peace and brother- 
hood. more intense and sharp 
become the imploring cries of 
peoples who long for freedom 
and harmony, in situations of 
disturbing ethnic and political 
violence. 

“Today there appear more 
tragic to us the sufferings of 
peoples fleeing to the moun- 
tains of their own land or 
seeking a safe haven on the 


coasts of neighboring conn-, 
tries in order to pursue the 
faint hope of a less precarious 
and more secure existence,” 
the Pope said. 

In contrast to past years, he 
did not specify any region or 
countries by name in the mes- 
sage. But the reference to 
mountains appeared to be re- 
calling those who bad fled 
ethnic bloodshed in central 
Africa, and the mention of 
“coasts of neighboring coun- 
tries" was considered a clear 
reference to Italy, which has 
sent back nearly all the 17.000 
Albanians who Med across 
the Adriatic this year to escape 
anarchy in their homeland. 

He also recalled the "tense 
silence of the ever-growing 
multitude of the new poor: 
men and women without 
work and without shelter, in- 
fants and children injured and 
violated, adolescents enlisted 
in the wars of adults, young 
victims of drugs or attracted 
by deceptive myths.” 

Reading his list of Christ- 
mas greetings in dozens of 


languages, the Pope began in 
I talian, announcing that he 
was making the top to visit 
earthquake victims as a “sign 
of affection and solidarity/ ' 
The Pope will pray on the 
tomb of Sl Rands in Assisi’s 
main ..basilica*.; a_ Vatican 
spokesman said, and stop in 
the small hill town Of A nmf o. 


Aliens Must Observe 
Ramadan, Saudis Say 


Yule Returns to Cuba 


Cardinal Jaime Ortega of 
Cuba welcomed the first pub- 
licly observed Christmas hol- 
iday on the island in 28 years, 
calling it “important for so- 
ciety,” Reuters reported from 
Havana. 

. President Fidel Castro an- 
nounced 10 days ago that he 
was restoring Dec. 25 as a 
holiday this year as a one-time 
gesture to honor the visit of 
the Pope from Jan. 21 to 25. 

Christmas was dropped as 
a holiday in 1969 as Cuba, by 
then firmly embarked on a 
Communist course 10 years 
after Mr. Castro’s revolution, 
strove to produce a record 
sugar harvest. 


RIYADH (AP) — In a crackdown, 
foreigners eating, drinking or smoking 
in public in Saudi Arabia during the 
Muslim fasting month of Ramadan risk 
deportation, an Interior Ministry state- 
ment said Wednesday. 

The statement said violators faced 
termination of employment and expul- 
sion. Saudi Arabia has a population of 
18 million, including 6 milli on foreign- 
ers. There are about 4.3 million legal 
foreign workers. 


In Britain, winds gusting up to 90 
miles per hour! 145 kilometers per hour) 
took their heaviest toll in northwest 
England, north Wales and Northern Ire- 
land. In Ireland, winds sweeping in from 
the Atlantic hit the southwest with gusts 
of more than 100 miles per hour. 


At least 108 people have died in -the 
past two weeks as a result of a cholera 
epidemic sweeping Uganda, a health 
ministry official said. (AP) 


Gales Batter Britain 


The mausoleum housing tbe em- 
balmed corpse of Mao will reopen Jan. 
6 , after being closed for nine months for 
repair work, the official Xinhua press 
agency reported. (AFP) 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — After months of 
wrangling with officials, the former 
Mir cosmonauts were finally paid 
in full for what was the most trou- 
bled mission in the space station's 
nearly 12 -year history, space of- 
ficials said Thursday. 

Officials would not disclose the 
exact sum, but indicated that Vasili 
Tsibliyev, the flight commander, 
was paid about $100,000 dnd Al- 
exander Lazutkin, the engineer, re- 
ceived about $80,000. 

Soon after their return to Earth in 


August, die two received 70 percent 
of their pay for the six-month space 


LONDON (AP) — Gales battered 
much of Britain and Ireland on Wed- 
nesday and early Thursday, toppling 
trees, closing roads and leaving tens of 
thousands of homes without electricity 
on Christmas Day. Three people were 
killed in Britain and one in Ireland. 


Correction 


A map of Israel in tbe Dec. 23 issue 
reversed die locations of Netivot and 
Ofaqim. Kiryat should have been 
labeled Kiryat GaL 


of their pay for the six-month space 
mission. The rest however, was 
withheld pending an investigation 
into the Mir’s June 25 crash with an 
unmanned cargo ship. 

The crew received their earnings 
in U.S. dollars and would have to 
pay more than 35 percent of these in 
various taxes. 


WEATHER 


5?eritageof 

yesterday...today. 


4 More Avian Flu Cases Suspected 

Hong Kong Woman Is Critically IU; China to Step Up Poultry Inspection 


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Hong Kong’s health de- 
partment said the new cases* 
had brought to 10 the number 
of people suspected to be in- 
fected with the virus, known 
as H5N1. Until May, die vires 
was found only in birds and 
poultry. 

Of the four additional 
people believed to have been 
infected, one — 3 25 -old-year 
woman — was in critical con- 
dition, the department said. 

Nine people in Hong Kong 
are confirmed to have been 
infected with the avian virus. 
Of these, three have died — 
two children and a 54-year- 
old man. 

A 60-year-old woman sus- 
pected of having been infected 
with die virus died Tuesday. 

The discovery of more 
cases has caused widespread 
concern. On Thursday, the Ta 
Kung Pao newspaper quoted 
an Agricultural Department 
official in the city ofShenzfr&n, 
just across from Hong Kon* in 
mainland Ghina, as Saying that 
random screening of chickens 
would be expanded. 


Hong Kong suspended all 
chicken imports from the 
mainland Wednesday. Hong 
Kong normally imports 
75,000 chickens from C hina a 
day, or three-quarters of its 
usual consumption. 

China is widely suspected to 
be the source of the influenza. 

The ban on imports will last 
for a week and allow author- 
ities on both sides of the border 
to work out a new system of 
checks and export controls, Ta 


Kung Pao reported, quoting a 
spokesman for the Chinese 


spokesman for the Chinese 
Ministry of Foreign Trade and 
Economic Cooperation. 

Checks on chickens in 
Shenzhen, previously sparse, 
will be expanded to 25 for 
each 5,000 birds, and all 
chicken farms in tbe border 
city will be inspected, the 
newspaper quoted the Shear 
zhea Agricultural Depart- 
ment official as saying. 

Chickens will be screened 
again at the border, and ship- 
ments to Hong Kong will be 
blocked if there is any sign of 
disease, the newspaper said. 


Europe 






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Sunny and pleasant In 
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Soma showers and confer 
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Rainy across southeastern 
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INTERNATIONAL HE RALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


Mexican Village Spends Christmas Mourning Its Dead After Massacre 


J By John Ward Anderson 

Washington Post Service 

ACTEAL, Mexico — Mario Perez 
„ Cura and the other 600 peasants who live 
in this remote village in southern Mex- 
ico usually celebrate Christmas with a 
play about the Virgin Maiy, a reading 
from the Scriptures and a com m unity 
, fiesta with music and roasted chicken. 

But this year things are different. 

The town is surrounded by heavily 
■armed police and army troops. 

The villagers are living in community 
shelters a few miles away. Instead of 
celebrating the holiday, they were mak- 
ing funeral wreaths and burial arrange- 
- rnenis for 45 friends and relatives shot 
.and slashed to death Monday in the 
latest outburst of violence to hit Mex- 
ico's strife-tom state of Chiapas. 

"We are suffering and sad and crying 
now," said Mr. Perez Cura, 43, a fiarm- 
.hand who described the nine-hour as- 
sault on his village. He said the attackers 
. were also residents, but members of a 
rival political party. "All of my neigh- 
bors were killed. They, wanted to kill 
•everyone — men, women and children. 


They wanted to kill the Zapatistas and 
civil society. Then they will be happy." 

The massacre was the worst loss of 
life in this doubled state since 135 people 
were killed during a 12-day uprising by 
the Zapatista National Liberation Army 
that began in January 1994. 

{On Wednesday, according to Mex- 
ican news reports, federal officials de- 
tained 16 people, all of them Indians 
from villages near Acteal, in connection 
with the attack, including one man ac- 
cused of leading the killing spree. The 
Associated Press reported. 

{The detentions, which were not con-, 
firmed, followed an accusation by the 
military leader of the Zapatistas, Sob- 
comandante Marcos, that the attack had 
been fostered by the long-governing In- 
stitutional Revolutionary Party.] 

Acteal residents said the killings were 
not the result of a clash involving Za- 
patista rebels and government author- 
ities. But they described a social, re-, 
ligious and political tension in their 
town that has its roots in the unrest 
sparked by the Za patistas when they 
launched toeir New Year’s Day rebel- 
lion. 


Fat in Some Men’s Diets 
Seems to Cut Stroke Risk 

Heart Study’s Data Are Called 6 Intriguiiig’ 




By David Brown 

Hiu htafiton Post Service 

WASHINGTON — A diet hi gh in fat 
may lower men's risk of having some 
types of stroke, a study suggests. The 
finding runs counter to the dominant 
-public impression — and some medical 
evidence — that low-fat diets protect 
■against stroke. 

The conclusion is based on a one-day 
/‘snapshot" of diets of a group of men. 

■ Whether the information accurately re- 
jects die men’s food intake over years 

and decades is uncertain. Nevertheless, 
the data's pedigree is impressive — the 
Framingham Heart Study, which over the 
past 50 years has probably been the most 
important source of information on car- 
diovascular disease in the United States. 

The study is published in the current 
Journal of the American Medical As- 
sociation. Its main author readily ac- 
knowledged that the findings were far 
from definitive and likely to be con- 
troversial. 

"This is one study with intriguing 
results," said its lead author, Matthew 
Gillman, an associate professor at Har- 
vard Medical School and a physician 
with Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. "It 

■ raises scientific issues but h is not 
enough to recommend that people 
change their diets. We would sure like to 
see other studies in other populations." 

The Framingham Heart Study, 
named for a town 20 miles west of 
Boston, enrolled 5*209 men and women 
in 1948. Every, two years, the subjects 
were examined and queried about their 
habits and lifestyles. 

In the round of exams between 1966 
and 1969, the 865 men in the study who 
were between the ages of 45 and 65 were 
asked to describe what they had eaten in 
the previous day. 

In the study just published, Mr. Gill- 
man and his colleagues looked at the' 
■' relationship, if any, between what the 
•men reported then and who among them 
had suffered strokes in the ensuing 20 
years. In particular, they looked at so- 
called ischemic strokes, which are 
, caused by blocked blood vessels, as 
opposed to those caused by burst blood 
vessels. 

As a group, the men got 39 percent of 
their total dietary calories from fat. (The 
average figure for American men is 34 
percent today and has been steadily fall- 


ing since the mid-1960s.) The research- 
ers divided the Framingham men into 
five groups based on fat consumption. 

The men with the smallest amount of 
fat in their diets — about 26 percent of 
total calories — bad the highest tendency 
to suffer ischemic strokes, a rate equiv- 
alent to 137 strokes per 1,000 people. 

The group with the second-leanest 
diet, which had about 35 percent of its 
calories from fat, had the equivalent of 
96 strokes per 1 ,000 people. The stroke 
rates for the three groups of men with 
the most fat in their diets (ranging from 
40 percent to 52 percent of calories) 
were roughly the same — about 66 per 
1,000 people. 

The general link between higher-fat 
diets and fewer strokes held even when 
die characteristics of die five groups of 
men were statistically adjusted for dif- 
ferences in high blood pressure. 


smoking, obesity and other risk factors 
for cardiovascular disease. 

Although the researchers'did not re- 
port die relationship between dietary fat 
and total mortality in the group, they 
said there was no evidence that the men 
eating high-fat diets were avoiding 
strokes because they were dying at an 
excessive rate from other causes. 

Although coronary heart disease and 
stroke have many dungs in common, they 
are far from identical diseases. For ex- 
ample, fat in the diet, by itself, has never 
been a powerful "risk factor” for stroke. 
For stroke, high blood pressure and 
smoking appear to be far more hazardous. 
In general, consumption of saturated fats 
— those that generally aren’t liquids at 
room temperature — tends to raise cho- 
lesterol. Cholesterol, in turn, is a moderate 
risk factor for stroke, but a powerful one 
for heart disease. 

Although one or two other studies have 
suggested that higher-far diets may protect 
against ischemic stroke, the new findings were 
greeted skeptically by two experts. “It is a 
preliminary study, and not a strong study,” 
said Scon Grundy, director of toe Center for 
Human Nutrition at toe University of Texas 
Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. He 
said toe one-day diet recon) was a scant basis 
on which to drew conclusions. 

Antonio Gottorn, dean of the Cornell 
Medical School and a prominent re- 
searcher of cardiovascular disease, said, 
"It runs counter to nearly every other 
finding. It is not consistent with what 
one would expect/ ’ 


That rebellion, harking back to the 
Zapatista uprising by fanners early in 
the century, was organized to dramatize 
demands for greater rights for the in- 
digenous people of Chiapas, many of 
whom are Mayan Indians. 

Political analysts said the killin gs 
Monday of unarmed townspeople 
should act as an impetus to renew peace 
talks that stalled 15 months ago when 
Zapatista negotiators left the table, com- 
plaining that the government was not 
implementing partial accords on indig- 
enous rights reached in February 1996. 

Social workers and human-rights ac- 
tivists say that ratal violence here has 
been dramatically rising in recent years, 
feeding off a volatile mix of political, 
economic, religious, social and familial 
conflicts, many of which pre-date the 
Zapatista movement. 

But new factors have complicated the 
situation further and raised tensions. 
These include the aiming of peasant 
rebels under the Zapatista aegis, an in- 
flux of army troops brought in to control 
the rebellion, increased allegations of 
human-rights violations, a rise in pop- 
ularity of the leftist Democratic Rev- 


Senator Kerry Tied 
To Fund-Raiser 

WASHINGTON — Campaign 
aides to Senator John Kerry, Democrat 
of Massachusetts, solicited contribu- 
tions from Johnny Chung, a contro- 
versial Democratic fund-raiser, after 
the senator's office in Washington 
helped arrange a visit to the Securities 
and Exchange Commission for Mr. 
Chung and some foreign business as- 
sociates. 

Mr. Chung's contributions of nearly 
$400,000 to the Democratic Party are a 
focus of the Justice Department’s on- 
going inquiry into improper campaign 
fund-raising in the 1996 elections. 

According to a report published 
Wednesday in The Los Angeles 
Times, Mr. Chung, a California busi- 
nessman. reimbursed his employees 
for contributing to Mr. Kerry's cam- 
paign at a reception he held for the 
senator at a California hotel in Septem- 
ber 1996. Mr. Kerry was on a western 
fund-raising tour for his hard-fought 
re-election fight against W illiam 
Weld, who was then governor of Mas- 
sachusetts. 

Under federal election law, it is il- 
legal to give money to a campaign in 
the name of someone else. Mr. 
Chung's lawyer, Brian Sun, said that 


olutionary Party, and the gradual de- 
cline of the Institutional Revolutionary 
Party, the party of President Ernesto 
Zedillo and the governor of Chiapas. 

Many violent acts allegedly are being 
committed by aimed groups aligned to 
local officials of the PRL, which analysts 
say is reluctant to relinquish the power 
that the party has enjoyed in seven de- 
cades of uninterrupted rule. 

It remains unclear wbat precipitated 
the massacre Monday. In any case, of- 
ficials said 21 women, 14 children, one 
infant and nine men were shot or hacked 
to death by up to 100 armed men who 
began attacking shortly after a 9 AM. 
church service and continued for at least 
nine hours. 

A report released Wednesday by Phy- 
sicians for Human Rights, which re- 
cently sent a delegation to the region 
surrounding Acteal, said the area had 
“witnessed strong electoral success by 
political candidates sympathetic to the 
Zapatista social agenda.” The report 
said that the results had “severely 
shaken the ruling regional elite," 
spawning the emergence of paramilitary 
groups to bolster the status quo. 



I.IAl. Mr. JI-M. II- 

A Mayan Indian filing past caskets of murdered villagers at u service. 


POLITICAL NOTE 


his client was not aware that reim- 
bursing his employees for their con- 
tributions was illegal 'and was ignorant 
about the federal campaign laws. 

Noting that the fund-raising recep- 
tion for Mr. Kerry was small and that a 
senior Democratic fund-raising offi- 
cial was in attendance. Mr. Sun added. 
"It's somewhat troubling that the pro- 
fessional fund-raisers didn’t alert my 
client as to what was appropriate and 
not appropriate under the campaign 
finance laws that they were supposed 
to be familiar with. It’s absolutely clear 
my client had no understanding of the 
nuances of these laws.” 

Something Mr. Chung did under- 
stand was the value of getting access to 
Washington policymakers. He made 
many visits to the White House and had 
pictures of himself taken with Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton, sometimes with his 
foreign busine-ss associates included. 

After being contacted by a Kerry 
campaign fund-raiser in the summer of 
1996 about contributing to the sen- 
ator’s re-election. Mr. Chung stopped 
by Mr. Kerry’s office with a group of 
foreign business associates in August. 
After they met with the senator, Mr. 
Chung's associates asked for help in 
arranging a visit to the Securities and 
Exchange Commission. 

“This was a routine meeting.” said 
Chris Ullman, the director of public 
affairs at the commission. (NYT) 


More Homeless Aid 

WASHINGTON — Offering a 
sneak preview of his budget. President 
Clinton said he would ask Congress for 
a 40 percent increase next year in aid to 
toe homeless. 

For several years, Mr. Clinton has 
presided over declining budgets in 
homeless aid, which is administered by 
the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development Its main programs to 
help the homeless find housing and 
become self-sufficient totaled $1.12 
billion in 1995. falling to 5823 million 
for the current fiscal year. 

In next year's budget, Mr. Clinton is 
proposing to raise the amount to $1 . 1 5 
billion, including $958 million to loc- 
alities for homeless programs. (WP) 

Quote/Unquote 

Robert Bennett, chief attorney for 
Mr. Clinton, after a Washington court 
threw out a lawsuit that a policyholder 
filed to force toe president to repay an 
insurance company more than $1 mil- 
lion it has provided for his legal ex- 
penses in the long-running Paula Jones 
sexual harassment case: "This is just 
one more frivolous suit that has been 
filed against toe president, and the 
court agrees with us.” (WP) 


Away From Politics 

• The U.S. population increased by 

2.4 million this year, to 268.92 1 ,733. 
the Census Bureau estimated, based 
upon on the number of births (3.9 mil- 
lion). deaths (2.3 million), and number 
of people returning or immigrating to 
the United Slates (867,600) during the 
last year. The calculations represent an 
8. 1 percent increase from an April 1 990 
census. {API 

• The goaltof reducing the percentage 

of adults who smoke to 1 5 percent by 
the year 2000 will not be reached, the 
government conceded, estimating that 
24.7 percent of toe nation’s adults, or 47 
million people, were smokers in 1995. 
only slightly fewer than the 24.8 percent 
in 1994. The numbers have not changed 
much since 1990. (API 

• Homicides in New York City are on 

track to hit a 30-year low this year 
preliminary data showed, with 746 
homicides recorded as of Wednesday, a 
22 percent decrease from the 96} hom- 
icides during toe same period last year, 
and lower than any annual total since 
1967. (NYT) 

• A former postal worker armed with 

a shotgun surrendered after holding 
seven people hostage at a regional mail 
center in Denver for nearly 10 hours. 
The authorities said David Lee Jackson, 
42. had been fired 18 months ago for 
threatening his supervisor. (LAT) 


- .Av*: . rr * ,r - /* 



Jerry la/or/Flc Pit-h 

A viator walking alongside the memorial fence surrounding the site in Oklahoma City where 
168 people were klDed In the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrab Federal Building in 1995. 


PANAMA: U.S. to Maintain Small Force VERDICT: In Oklahoma City, Outrage at Denver Jury 


r l ;•* * * 1 




Continued from Page 1 

Antonio Noriega. In September, toe U.S. 
Southern Command moved its headquar- 
ters to Miami, leaving about 4.000 U.S. 
sokfiers in- panama. 

Though Panama has been able to con- 
.vat some of what it calls toe "reverted 
areas" to use as industrial parks or ho- 
i ' leis . toe cost of maintaining the former 
American bases in the former Canal 
Zone has proved onerous. In addition, 
toe Panamanian government has felt 
pressure from users of toe canal, par* 
ocularly some Asian users, to retain a 
P-S. presence as a guarantee of stability 
in toe area surroundiog toe canal. 

“This is terrific news, very reassur- 
ing/’ a senior executive of a large ship- 
ping company said. "Things in Panama 
nave a habit of getting dodgy, so all of us 
feel much more comfortable knowing 
>4hal the United States will continue to be 
there to keep an eye on the situation.' * 

■ ' But toe agreement also promises to 
provide substantial practical benefits to 
tteUahed States. For years Panama has 
an importanl American listening 
post.- with communications-intercep- 


tion and radar equipment that provides 
vital intelligence on activities of guer- 
rillas, chug traffickers and other foes. 

-As Panamanian and American of- 
ficials have described toe center, it ini- 
tially would focus on the surveillance of 
aircraft and ships suspected of carrying 
cocaine and other drugs from neigh- 
boring Colombia to the United States. 

Mr. Perez Balladares. who is seeking 
a constitutional amendment that would 
permit him to seek another term in of- 
fice in 1999, has said be intends to call a 
referendum next year that would si- 
multaneously address both toe re-elec- 
tion and toe drug-center proposals. 

But because public opinion polls 
show that barely one-third of Panamani- 
ans believe that Mr. Perez Balladares 
should be allowed to run for a second 
term, government officials and business 
leaders who favor toe American military 
presence worry that resistance to his 
candidacy could sink both proposals. 

In addition, polls show that while 
most Panamanians favor an American 
military presence, they do so only on 
condition that their country gets eco- 
nomic benefits from the arrangement. 


Continued from Page 1 

district attorney and a stem veteran of death-pen- 
alty prosecutions, has long promised a trial in stale 
court to follow toe federal cases stemming from the 
bombing, and now a large number of people here 
say they cannot live with anything less. 

One is Darlene Welch, whose 4-year-old niece, 
Ashley Eckles, was killed in the bombing. 

"How dare that jury dunk that 168 deaths is 
involuntary manslaughter/’ Ms. Welch said, fight- 
ing back anger and tears. Like many others here, 
Ms. Welch sees toe jury’s verdict as incompre- 
hensible. How. she asks, can a man be convicted of 
conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction and 
not be a murderer? ”1 will never understand,” she 
said. 

But “we’ll get him here,” she added, echoing 
toe words of others who say they are willing to 
wi thstan d the pain of a new trial, toe repetition of 
evidence and the heartbreaking testimony, to see 
Mr. Nichols sentenced to death. 

Any state prosecution, legal specialists say. 
would probably take years to complete, with at- 
torneys for both defendants working their way 
through toe long federal appeals process all the 
while. 

Mr. Macy said he had been surprised by toe 
federal verdict. There was more than enough ev- 


idence, he said, to convict Mr. Nichols of toe eight 
federal counts of murder — one for each federal 
agent killed in toe blast. "I have a hard time 
understanding how the jury could reach that ver- 
dict," he said. 

But some here say they would rather not have a 
state Dial — either for Mr. Nichols or for Mr. 
McVeigh, who has already been sentenced to death 
in toe federal case — if they were sure that Mr. 
Nichols would get at least life in prison, as is 
possible for toe conspiracy count 

“That's all that's important to me," said Bud 
Welch, who is no relation to Darlene and who lost 
his grown daughter. Julie, in toe explosion of toe 
office building. 

Mr. Welch does not believe in toe death penalty 
and opposed it in toe McVeigh case as well. But 
even be thought the Denver verdict slighted those 
who had been killed in toe bombing. 

If toe Denver jury had convicted Mr. Nichols of 
murder, making the death penalty more likely, 
many here would have been satisfied But after 
more than 40 hours of deliberations, the verdict, in 
their view, was little more than a weak effort at 
compromise. 

“Forty-some hours over six days/’ said Marsha 
Kight whose 23-year-old daughter. Frankie, was 
lulled in the bombing. “Involuntary manslaughter*? 
It’s just tough to take.” 


SPY: Civilian Satellite, First of Its Kind, Is Up and Ready to Take a Shot at Whatever Anyone Wants 


- f ”. 


Continued from Page 1 

satellites allow those companies to 
^holograph anything from space 
tad sell the imagery on the open 
narket. 

But the government retains the 
tghl to switch off the commercial 
rameras in time of war or inter- 
tat tonal tensions. 

The federal government also re- 
ams the right to screen foreign cus- 
■ omers. Countries likely to be 
tented access to the imagery include 


Iraq. Libya, Cuba and North 
Korea. 

But private specialists say that 
front companies will probably 
evade export prohibitions, as they 
have repeatedly on behalf of nations 
intent on buying sensitive gear for 
nuclear, chemical and biological 
weapons. . . 

At least three companies in the 
United States, including Earth- 
Watch, and others in France, India 
and Israel are preparing to launch 
civilian spy satellites. In the United 


States, much of toe activity involves 
equipment and contractors that once 
were, or still are, part of toe gov- 
ernment complex for military es- 
pionage. as well as some of its 
former leaders. 

The exact number of these spy 
satellites that will reach orbit is hard 
to predict, but specialists say that at 
least half a dozen are likely to be 
introduced in toe next two or three 
years. 

The EariyBird 1 spacecraft was 
built in California and underwent 


environmental testing at the God- 
dard Space Flight Center, a National 
Aeronautics and Space Administra- 
tion complex in Maryland. It was 
flown to Moscow for customs clear- 
ance and then shipped to the 
Svobodny Cosmodrome, a military 
base in eastern Russia that keeps 
missiles in underground silos. 

After months of delay, the satel- 
lite was fired into space Wednesday 
morning and readied an orbit 293 
miles (469 kilometers) high- The 
Russian booster was a former mil- 


itary missile known as START- 1, 
named for the arms treaty that 
helped make it obsolete. 

Fifteen minutes after the launch- 
ing, an EarthWatch ground station 
in Norway received a signal from 
space confirming ihai Early Bind had 
separated from the booster and be- 
gun automatic operation. 

A spokesman for the company 
said test images from the satellite j 
would be available in about three 
weeks and that orders would .start 
being filled in six to eight weeks. 


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"•PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HKRAT.n TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


ASIAIPACIFIC 


Kim’s ‘Odd Couple’ Sees Eye to Eye on Economy 


briefly 


By Steven Mufson 

Washington Post Senite 


SEOUL — Two men hold keys to the 
future of the economy of South Korea — 
one a union boss who a year ago backed 
a nationwide strike over job protection 
laws, the other a maverick governor who 
has espoused the virtues of free markets 
and foreign investment. 

Both campaigned for President-elect 
Kim Dae Jung, and, faced with the near 
bankruptcy of the South Korean econ- 
omy, both are pledging al legiance to Mr. 
Kim and to an International Monetary 
Fund program designed to get their 
country off the ropes. 

But Governor You Jong Kuen, a 
fonaier Rutgers University economics 
professor who has emerged as one of Mr. 
Kim's top economic advisers, and Park 
In Sang, leader of the 1.2 million-mem- 
ber Federation of Korean Trade Unions, 
make an odd couple among the sup- 
porters of the president-elect. 

For now, the two men do not seem far 
apart. Both express concern about find- 
ing ways to limit layoffs but agree they 
cannot be avoided. Both talk about re- 
organizing companies and ending the 
comipi relationship between many big 
conglomerates and the government And 
both recognize that South Korea mast 
adapt to a tightly intertwined world. 

“People blame the IMF and talk about 
the East Asian model,” Mr. You said. 
“But it’s precisely the East Asian model 
of using connections and high debt that's 
created this situation.” 

“Globalization is unavoidable,” Mr. 
Park said.. “We have to accept it nat- 
urally.” 

But while the economic emergency has 
united South Koreans behind an econom- 
ic rescue program for now, die hardships 
in store for the country could well split 
that consensus in the months ahead. And 


within Mr. Kim’s coalition, these two 
men could later find themselves standing 
. on opposite sides of the fault line. 

Mr. You, 53, is one of the key players 
at the moment He spent 24 years in the 
United States, first as a student then as a 
Rutgers professor and finally as a mem- 
ber of the economic policy council of the 
state of New Jersey for Governors 
Brendan Byrne and Thomas Kean. 

• “I began thinking about doing the 
thing for myself,” Mr. You said. 

Mr. You also stayed active in the 
South Korean democratic movement 
and befriended the president-elect when 
Mr. Kim was in exile in the United States 
in the 1980s. In 1994, Mr. You returned 
to Korea and defeated foe chairman of 
Mr. Kim's party for foe nomination for 
the governorship of North Cholla 
Province. In foe general election, Mr. 
You defeated a candidate who was a foe 
of foreign investment 
“Many have thought that foreign di- 
rect investment meant a loss of control 
and economic sovereignty,” said Mr. 
You, who noted that the sharp increase 
in direct foreign investment recently to 
an annual levelof $3 billion was still tiny 
for an economy the size of South 
Korea’s. He added that many politicians 
liked foe old Sonfo Korean system, 
which allowed foe government to decide 
where investment could go: that gave it 
the power to dispense favors, and thus, 
opened the doors to corruption. 

As a governor, Mr. You has attracted 
more than a dozen modest-size foreign 
investments to his province despite tepid 
support from the central government. 

“Korea has been very unwise in foe 
past by not being very friendly to foreign 
direct investment,” said Mr. You, 
whose message to foreign investors has 
become party dogma now that it is clear 
the country desperately needs invest- 
ments to provide new capital for heavily 


Presidential Staff 
Faces Big Layoffs 

Reuters 

SEOUL — President-elect. Kim 
Dae Jung will lay off half of the 
secretarial staff of the presidency, 
including many presidential secre- 
taries. when he takes office, his Na- 
tional Congress for New Politics 
said Thursday. 

The party said foe move was a 
first step toward a smaller govern- 
ment and aimed at eliminating foe 
“secretarial politics” that often 
shrouded the South Korean pres- 
idency from public wishes. 

Mr. Kim would operate open 
channels of conversation with cab- 
inet ministers who would be given 
complete autonomy, the party said. 

Mr. Kim, who was elected last 
week and is scheduled to be sworn 
in on Feb. 25, has been pushing for 
market-oriented reforms in public 
and private sectors. 

He cautioned Wednesday that 
layoffs would be inevitable in South 
Korea unless uncompetitive compa- 
nies were swiftly liquidated. 


indebted South Korean firms. Mr. Park, 
unlike Mr. You, has undergone a recent 
conversion to the IMF program and a 
more open economy. Last January, he 
was demanding 11 percent wage in- 
creases for workers. 

Just two weeks ago, he was demand- 
ing job security; a ban on hostile 
takeovers; job guarantees for employees 
of merged companies; union consulta- 
tion before layoffs and renegotiation 
with IMF “in order to minimize un- 


necessary social tension" and prevent 
steps that “threaten foe employment and 
decent lives of workers.” 

But much has changed in two weeks. 
The country is staring bankruptcy in foe 
face, and companies are beginning to 
shut down because they cannot get parts 
or day-to-day financing. 

“I basically support foe IMF con- 
ditions,” Mr. Park said. “Workers and 
trade unions are strongly supporting 
economic reforms." 

For Mr. Park and the union move- 
ment, South Korea's economic crisis 
represents a tremendous setback. Since 
democracy replaced South Korea's mil- 
itary rule 10 years ago, the labor move- 
ment has been a powerful force in foe 
country, and many analysts say its de- 
mands have discouraged foreign in- 
vestors. From 1987 through 1995, South 
Korean wages rose by an average of 15 
percent a year, far outstripping inflation 
and gains in productivity. Strikes were 
common. 

At the same time, however, union 
representation among South Korean 
workers has dwindled from 19 percent to 
14 percent When union leaders tried to 
call a nationwide general strike this year 
to protest a change in labor laws, foe 
response was weak. 

The election of Mr. Kira, the first 
opposition candidate to win the pres- 
idency in Sonth Korea, represented an 
important political victory for a long- 
time friend of foe union movement But 
even at that moment of triumph, the 
financial crisis was undermining labor’s 
gains. Analysts predict that 1 million of 
South Korea's 13 million employees 
will be thrown out of work in coming 
months. 

“We will accept a reduction in work- 
ing hours and partly accept a reduction 
of wages to minimize foe layoffs.” Mr. 
Park’ said. 


China Activists Seek to Promote Independent Unions 


By Erik Eckholra 

New York Times Senice 


BEUING — A loose-knit group of 
veteran democracy activists has started a 
campaign to promote independent labor 
unions among China’s workers, who 
face' vast layoffs as foe government 
strives to close money-losing enter- 
prises. 

The activists, some in China and some 
in exile, hope to use Beijing’s recent 
signing of a United Nations covenant 
ensuring the right of workers to organize 
asa wedge against a government that has 
suppressed all efforts to form unions 
outside its grip. 

In a letter sent this week to foreign 
news organizations, the campaigners say 
workers have a dear right to set up new 
unions to fight for their interests in this 
period of drastic downsizing, mergers 
and sales of state-owned industries. Cur- 
rently, unions not sponsored by foe 
Communist Party are illegal, and foe 
government has given no sign that it will 
relbnL UN covenant or qol 


The proposals in foe letter go to foe 
heart or China’s most explosive political 
challenge: how to cope with foe legions 
of victims as it unleashes market forces 
to streamline the bloated, often bankrupt 
communist economy. 

In recent months, there have been 
numerous reports of small-scale worker 
protests around foe country over such 
concerns as nonpayment, of wages or 
pensions, fear of job losses after cor- 
porate takeovers, and conflicts over dis- 
missals and severance pay. 

The dislocation of millions of indus- 
trial workers is occurring even as foe 
growing private and semiprivate sectors 
bring new prosperity to millions of other 
Chinese — a visible gap that only adds to 
the tensions. 

“Workers in state-owned enterprises, 
especially, should immediately form 
their own unions to monitor their leaders 
and prevent leaders from enga g in g in 
bribery or stealing public properties,” 
said foe letter, signed by four leaders of 
foe 1979 “Democracy Wall” move- 
ment, each of whom has served time in 


prison. “Only by depending' on 
ourselves can we fight those who punish 
workers arbitrarily or fire workers with- 
out reason.” 

Speaking from Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, Wang Xizhe, one of the sign- 
ers. said: “China's workers don't un- 
derstand that China faas agreed to this 
international agreement. We're going to 
use every method we can to educate 
them about it” 

Mr. Wang, 47, who spent 15 years in 
prison for pro-democracy activities, fled 
China last year under threat of arrest 
after he signed a letter calling for im- 
peachment of President Jiang Zemin. 

Mr. Wang said the signers of foe letter 
were only trying to raise awareness, not 
organize unions, something he said 
workers must do themselves. 

The distinction may be a crucial one 
for the two signore inside China. Qin 
Yongmin in Wuhan and Xu Wenli in 
Beijing. Reached by telephone Tuesday, 
both declined to expand on foe letter. 
The fourth signer, Lu Siqing, lives in 
Hong Kong. 


“Organizing a labor union is no 
longer an internal affair of China,’ * Mr. 
Wang asserted. 

■ A Call for Release of Dissidents 

Shen Liangqing, a Chinese dissident, 
demanded Thursday the release of Wang 
Dan and two other jailed dissidents as a 
way of marking foe New Year and im- 
proving China's image abroad, Agence 
France-Presse reported from Beijing. 

“If Wang Dan, Liu Nianchun and Li 
Hai are freed, they will be allowed to 
regain a family life and it would improve 
foe image of C hina before foe UN Com- 
mission on Human Rights in Geneva,” 
Mr. Shen wrote in an open letter sent to 
foe Chinese Parliament and its chairman, 
Qiao Shi. 

Wang Dan, one of the main leaders of 
foe 1989 student-led pro-democracy 
protests in T iananme n Square, was sen- 
tenced to 1 1 years in. prison for his 
activities. Li Hai was arrested during foe 
same period. Liu Nianchun was arrested 
in 1995 for signing a petition for trade 
union rights. 



SaffUktfh-'LttKnMn 

LAMAMANIA — The Dalai Lama attending a symposium Thursday 
in Bombay, where crowds waited for hours to catch a glimpse of him. 

foe SilkAir Boeing 737-300. which 
crashed last Friday almost halfway 
through a flight from Jakarta to Singa- 
pore. All 104 people on board are 
believed to have died. 

‘ ‘it is very frustrating for all ol us. 
Prime Minister Gob Chok Tong said 
in Singapore, “for the rescuers, 
searchers, the Indonesians, foe Singa- 
poreans in Palembang. working very 
hard and yet unable to find foe fu- 
selage. the black box and bodies.” 

(Reuters. AFP) 


Okinawa Mayor 
Resigns Over Rase 

NAHA, Japan — A mayor who this 
week approved foe building of an off- 
shore U.S. military heliport near his 
city on the island of Okinawa despite 
the opposition of voters submitted his 
resignation Thursday. 

The heliport, off Nago. would re- 
place a Ui>. base that is scheduled to 
be closed as part of a plan to reduce foe 
heavy military presence on the south- 
ern Japanese island. 

Mayor Tetsuya Higa’s approval of 
the heliport, announced Wednesday, 
does not completely clear foe way for 
. the project, but it was viewed as help- 
ing the governor of Okinawa, 
Masahide Ota, work out an agreement 
with foe central government. 

The mayor’s approval came after 
54 percent of voters expressed op- 
position to foe heliport in anonbinding 
referendum Sunday. (AP) 

Divers Search Site 
Of Sumatra Crash 

PALEMBANG, Indonesia — Res- 
cue workers nude little progress 
Thursday in their search for foe wreck- 
age of a Singaporean airliner that 
crashed into an Indonesian river last 
week, officials said. 

They said divers and ships were 
continuing to scour foe bed of the 
muddy, fast-flowing Musi River in 
southern Sumatra for foe fuselage of 


Protest in Taiwan 

TAIPEI — About 2,000 protesters 
marched Thursday to demand that 
President Lee Teng-hui apologize for 
conciliatory remarks about World 
War 0-era crimes committed by the 
Japanese. 

The protesters burned an effigy of 
Mr. Lee, who had told a Japanese 
newspaper that “it went too far to 
constantly ask Japan to apologize for 
the invasion of Citina. * * (AFP) 

Pakistan Collision 

LAHORE. Pakistan — The death 
toll from a head-on crash between an 
express locomotive and a stationary 
tram rose to 32 people Thursday with 
40 injured, four critically, the medical 
supervisor at Jhang hospital said. 

Rescuers looking for survivors cut 
through foe mangled wreckage at 
Rustam Sargana station after the 
crash, which occurred shortly before 
midnight Wednesday. (Reuters) 


INTERNATIONAL 



Megan Lcwiq!Rc«cai 

A WELSH CHRISTMAS SPLASH — Backpacking travelers from Wales flying their flag Thursday as 
they celebrated the holiday in the surf of the popular seaside destination of Bondi Beach, Australia. 


Australians Waver Over Monarchy Issue 


By Clyde H. Farnsworth 

■ New York Tunes Service 

SYDNEY — “We need an Australian 
head of state,” said Braniff Robinson, a 
24-year-old Sydney real-estate salesman 
and property investor. 

“Australia doesn't get foe chance to 
express itself as a nation when it’s only a 
subdivision of English policy. Sure, 
there’s English heritage, but we need our 
own president, rather than an archaic 
system of the English monarchy.” 

Among his friends, he said, “The 
feeling is pretty much foe same — time 
.for a change.” 

If Mr. Robinson is right, and polls 
suggest he is. Australian^ could well 
dump Queen Elizabeth lias their head of 
state and have a president of an Aus- 
tralian republic to welcome visitors to 
foe Olympics in 2 000. • 

Surveys consistently show about 
three of five Australians want to get rid 
of foe monarchy. One by Newspoll this 
year for The Australian, foe national 
daily paper, found 47 percent supported 
a republic, 28 perceor opposed one and 
25 percent were undecided. For years 
polls have found republicans in foe ma- 
jority. Yet such soundings were always 
academic. Now, for doe first time, the 


majority may effect a change. 

The country has begun a political pro- 
cess that involves voting for delegates to 
a constitutional convention to be held 
from Feb. 8 to Feb. 18 in Canberra. Tie 
delegates will try to sort out the type of 
republic favored. Then foe question goes 
to a nationwide referendum. 

An air of inevitability surrounds the 
exercise. Even many monarchists con- 
cede Australia will eventually become a 
republic. 

Ray Renshaw, 48, whose parents 
emigrated from Britain, operates a small 
printing business in Wollongong, a steel 
town south of Sydney. 

He favors the status quo. 

“Australia works just fine right 
now,” he said. But in a comment echoed 
widely, throughout foe country, he ad- 
ded. “I suppose a republic has to come 
someday.” 

The multiethnic Australia of 1997, 
with its large and growing Asian pop- 
ulation and rising trade with Asia, has 
less and less in common with Bri tain 
What Australians seem to like most 
about the monarchy is entitlement to 
days off to celebrate foe queen's official 
and real birthdays. 

Advocates of a republic see Australia 
gaining in respect, and possibly in busi- 


Israel Indicts German, 26, as a Terrorist 


Tin- Associated Press 

TEL AVIV — An Israeli court to- 
ileted a German man Thursday on 
:harges of planning a suicide attack in 
Israel on behalf of Hezbollah, the Leb- 
inese guerrilla movement that is sup- 
wrted by Iran. 

Stephan Josef Smyrek, 26, of Braun- 
ichweie, Germany was charged la Tel 
\viv District Court with membership in 
i terrorist organization, conspiring to 
issist Israel's enemies and conspiring to 
land over information to the enemy to 
iarm Israeli security. 

Each of the three charges carries a 
naximum life sentence. 

Hezbollah denied foal he had worked 

or it. . , 

Mr. Smyrek has not yet entered a plea, 
fis defense lawyer, Danny Assam said 
hat during interrogation, Mr. Smyrek 
onfessed to most of foe charges but that 
he confession was made under duress 
aid could be foe result of a “fertile 
raagination.” 


“During these three weeks he was 
interrogated all the time,” Mr. Assart 
said. "He was held for 21 days with no 
contact with a lawyer. These are ideal 
conditions for cooking up such state- 
ments. 

“We need to check if foe whole thing 
is a fantasy. My impression is that he has 
a fertile imagination.'' 

In its statement denying that it had 
recruited Mr. Smyrek to stage a suicide 
attack in Tel Aviv, Hezbollah said: 1 ‘The 
report has been fabricated by the Israeli 
intelligence in an attempt to raise falling 
morale." 

Hezbollah, it continued, “is capable 
of inflicting heavy losses on foe Zionist 
army in foe occupied zone of southern 
Lebanon. It does not need to carry out 
other mili tary operations.” 

Israel charged that Mr. Smyrek con- 
verted to Islam in 1994 and, two years 
later, got in touch with two-men who put 
him fa contact with Hezbollah. . 

In . August, Mr. Smyrek allegedly 


traveled to Lebanon to train in Uie use of 
light aims, explosives and other 
weapons. 

Three months later, he came to Israel 
from Amsterdam, equipped with a video', 
camera, a map of Israel and $4,000 from 
Hezbollah, foe charge sheet said. 

Mr. Smyrdk allegedly told interrog- 
ators that he was looking for a suitable 
place in either Tel Aviv or Haifa for a 
suicide attack. 

He was reported to have served time 
to German prisons for robbery and drug 
offenses. 

The court set its next hearing for Jan. 

This was the second time to two years 
dial Israel charged Hezbollah with .at- 
tempting an attack to its territory. 

The Smyrek case prompted warnings 
from security sources, who said that 
Hezbollah was trying to set up an in- 
ternational terrorist movement by en- 
listing Europeans, the Maariv newspa- 
per said. 


Walkout by 70,000 Israeli Health Workers 
Shuts Down All but Emergency Services 


Agence France-Presse 

JERUSALEM — About 70.000 Is- 
raeli health workers held a nationwide 
strike Thursday, paralyzing govern- 
ment hospitals and clinics, to protest 
plans for changes to the universal 
health system. 

Doctors, nurses and administrators 
from eight government hospitals and 
numerous clinics ignored court orders 
to return to work. Hospitals continued . 
-emergency services, including obstet- 
rics and dialysis services, but most 
patients were refused medical facil- 
ities. Israeli radio said. 

The protest also brought together 
for foe first time health workers and 
representatives of patients' organiza- 
tions, foe Israeli press said. 

The groups held a demonstration in 
front of foe Parliament, which agreed 
Tuesday to add foe plan as an amend- 
ment to an austerity budget _ 
by the Finance Ministry for 199 


Under foe 1995 health law, all Is- 
raelis are entitled to health coverage 
by private insurance funds, which are 
in turn funded by the state through 
health levies. 

The new law would allow health 
funds to tailor coverage and charge 
extra fees for a wide variety of ser- 
vices, particularly long-term geriatric 
care. Also, health coverage currently 
provided directly by foe state for new- 
born babies and their mothers would 
be covered by health funds. 

Finance Minister Yaakov Nee man 
drew up foe plan to close a 5300 
million deficit in foe health system . 

Health Minister Yehoshua Maiza 
has come oat against foe plan, saying 
it would “create a two-tier health sys- 
tem, one for foe rich and another for . 
foe poor.” The ultra-Orthodox Shas 
party, part of foe governing coalition, 
also opposes foe plan and has called 
for it to be returned to committee. 


ness, from Asian neighbors, such as 
donesia and Malaysia, which not I 
many years ago cast off their own i 
perialist ties. 

Australia would be able to appros 
its neighbors “as an independent me 
ber of the local community of nation; 
said former Prime Minister Paul Keatii 
who sounded calls for a republic duri 
his term of office from 199 L to 1996. 

Except for attention to pedigree 
certain enclaves of Sydney and M 
bourne and whiffs of racism ihar t 
casionally blow mainly from Queei 
land, Australia is one of foe mi 
classless and least stuffy of countries. 
... 'Kings, queens and princes seem a 
Sjw “ * e Australian context,” si 
Phillip Adams, a Sydney social crii 
mentator. 

An electorate of 12 million, to a pc 
ulation of 18 million, began votine 
mail on OcL 28 for 76 delegates tot 
Canberra convention. The voting end 
Dec. 9, with foe Australia Election Coi 
mission reporting that republicans h; 
won 45 of foe seats. The goverame 
will appoint another 76 delegates to e 
sure representation of all segments 
society, 

. Prime Minister John Howard, elect 
m March 1 996 to a three-year term h 

™° re l a promise to hole 

convention even though us a const 
iranve politician and avowed monarc 
ist, he remains the leader of foe fore 
against change 

ondofLTyw^' a ^ t ‘“ 

■ u? e onus February will be on n 
Turnbull, who bead* t! 

*££££ h A e“e^ R a r b,i “ 

on an Australian head of staf a f nrcme J 

Wi " 1 

degree lo wU ch ^ C ,!, S r “‘« ,rf andrt 

most ° enc fal is th 

practice, he raerelv^n ' n - . Australia - 1 
smoaial fane 0ver ca 
PrintemiS 1 ™ ^ whM * 


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PAGE 3 


Mi* 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 

EUROPE 


m+ 


:' 7 , 


k 


Rocky Tour for ‘Tractor Diplomat’ 

U.S. Ambassador Leaving Balkans, Where His Role Is Under Fire 


By Clrns Hedges 

'Vinr York Times Service 


ZAGREB, Croatia — After nearly 
five years. Ambassador Peter Galbraith 
will leave Zagreb next month, reviled by 
the Croatian press, which once panted 
him celebrity status, under a cloud in 
Washington for his role in the clandes- 
tine delivery of Iranian weapons to the 
Bosnian Muslims, and ostracized in gov- 
ernment circles here as President Franjo 
Tudjman’s most dogged critic. 

In the course of his career, Mr. Gal- 
braith. 45, a political appointee with 
close ties to the Democratic Party, often 
elected to “make policy first and inform 
Washington later/’ in the words of a 
diplomat in his embassy. 

Mr. Galbraith often speaks of his 
work in terms most diplomats would 
eschew. 

"I decided from the time I came here 
that this was an opportunity to save 
lives/' he said in an interview in his 
office, “and 1 would do the best I could 
for that goal." 

Human rights officials, while praising 
the ambassador for his recent calls for the 


return of exiled Serbs, condemn him for 
failing to denounce the mistreatment of 
the Serbs until most had been expelled. 

These critics contend that his close re- 
lationship with Mr. Tudjman, along with 
bis celebrity status, blinded him to the 
pernicious nature of Mr. Tudjman’s na- In 1996 Mr. Tudjman after returning 
tionalist government until it was too late, from a trip to Washington, derisively 


the return of the approximately 500.000 
ethnic Serbs driven from Croatia. His 
championing of the exiled Serbs deeply 
angered Mr. Tudjman and led to vicious 
attacks against him in the state-run 
press. 


* ‘He cared a lot more for Franjo Tud- 
jman in the early days than he did for 
human rights,” said Ivan Cicak, the head 
of the Croatian Helsinki Committee for 
Human Rights. 

Mr. Galbraith disagreed with this as-’ 
sessment, saying he was as vigorous in 
pursuing human rights early in his tenure 
as he was later. 

The political landscape changed 
drastically on Aug. 8, 1995, when Croa- 
tian troops, having taken the Serb-held 
. Krajina region in a lightning assault, 
began driving a quarter-million Serbs 
out of the country. The ambassador, with 
journalists in tow, hopped on a departing 
tractor carrying a Serbian family along a 
road lined with rock-throwing Croats 
and angrily denounced the expulsions. 

He would spend the rest of nis time in 
Croatia leading a quixotic campaign for 


BRIEFLY 


6 Carlos’ to Appeal 
His Life Sentence 

PARIS — The terrorist leader 
known as "Carlos the Jackal” will’ 
appeal the life sentence a French court 
passed on him for killing two French 
police officers and their Lebanese in- 
former in 1975, his lawyer has said. 

"I told Carlos last night to file the 
appeal as soon as he returned to 
Fresnes prison," Isabelle Coutant- 
Peyre, his lawyer, said Wednesday. 

The 48-year-old Venezuelan rev- 
olutionary. whose real name is Qlich 
Ramirez Sanchez, gave a clenched- 
fist salute and shouted "long live the 
revolution” when the sentence was 
read. 

"Carlos” has been blamed for 
more than 80 deaths and hundreds of 
injuries during his pro-Palestinian 
campaign in the 1970s and 1980s. He 
was found guilty of murder with ag- 
gravating circumstances. (Reuters) 

Swiss to Donate 
To HolocaustFiind 

BASEL. Switzerland — The 
biggest banks in Switzerland have 
pledged 15 million Swiss francs 
($10.5 million) to help charities search 
for needy Holocaust victims eligible 
for aid from a special fund, a spokes- 
man hassaid. 

Michael Willi of the Swiss Bankers 
Association said Wednesday the 
money would be in addition to the 100 
million francs the banks gave earlier 
this year to establish the fund to aid 
people who survived Nazi persecution 
and continue to live in poverty. 

The fund, which has grown to 270 
million francs with other Swiss con- 
tributions, is intended primarily for 
victims in Eastern Europe who were 
unable to receive compensation in the 
years after World War II because they 
were under communist rule. 

Mr. Willi said the extra contribution 


of the banks would help defray ex- 
penses like mailing and travel for the 
charities that are trying to find eligible 
recipients. (AP) 

Sex Victim’s Father 
Plans Political Party 

BRUSSELS — The father of one of 
the girls who was slain in a series of 
child-sex killings that shocked Bel- 
gium over the past two years has an- 
nounced plans to form apolitical party 
in mid-January. 

Paul MarchaJ said Wednesday he 
was forming a party because, he said, 
die political establishment had failed 
to push ahead reforms of die police 
and judiciary that were promised after 
revelations of incompetence during 
the inquiry into the kidnapping and 
killing of the girls. 

The body of Mr. Marchal’s 17- 
year-old daaghter An was found 
alongside that of her friend EefjeLam- 
brecks, 19, in September 1996 on land 
belonging to a convicted child rapist, 
Marc Dutroux. (AP) 

Russian Legislators 
Approve ’98 Budget 

MOSCOW — The lower house of 
Russia’s Parliament voted Thursday 
in favor of the 1998 budget on a 
second reading, moving closer to final 
adoption of the plan — the centerpiece 
of the government’s economic reform 
efforts. 

The draft was approved by a vote of 
231 to 155, with three abstentions. 

Hie State Duma plans to hold its 
third and final vote on Jan. 23. which 
comes as a disappointment for die 
government. The cabinet has pushed 
for the budget to be approved by Jan. 
1 . 

. President Boris Yeltsin has said the 
budget, which calls for significant cuts 
in social spending, is needed to con- 
tinue economic reforms. (AP) 


referred to him in a speech as “the 
tractor diplomat/' The ambassador calls 
the tag, now commonly used here, “the 
greatest compliment of my career.” 

“What I did not anticipate," he said, 
"was that after the miliiaiy action, the 
Croatian Army and police would preside 
over the systematic looting of every 
house in the Krajina and the burning of 
maybe a third of them, or that the Croa- 
tian government could so strongly resist 
the idea that people could return to their 
own country.” 

Even his harshest critics mark the 
tractor ride as a watershed. 

“The policies of Franjo Tudjman fi- 
nally became clear to him, ” Mr. Cicak 
said. “It was also clear that be, because 
of his support for Tudjman, was partly 
responsible for what happened to the 
Serbs.” 

With Croatian troops massing along 
the edge of the last Serb-held enclave in 
Eastern Slavonia in late 1995. Mr. Gal- 
braith and his staff worked feverishly to 
achieve an agreement for a peaceful 
transition. The agreement put the en- 
clave under United Nations control until 
Jan. 15. 1998, in an effort to foster a 
gradual reintegration with Croatia. 

Most ethnic Serbs in exile, however, 
have not been allowed to return to their 
homes in Croatia as the agreement stip- 
ulates. And Croats expelled by the Serbs 
six years ago have renised to go back to 
Eastern Slavonia until Zagreb takes con- 
trol'. It is unclear to many diplomats how 
tolerant the new Croatian authorities 
will be with the re maining Serbs or if the 
agreement will work. 

Croatia is not the first place where Mr. 
Galbraith has courted controversy. As a 
staff member on the Senate Foreign Re- 
lations Committee from 1979 to 1993, he 
left northern Iraq in 1991 just ahead of 
Iraqi troops advancing to crush the Kurd- 
ish uprising. He visited the United States- 
backed rebels in Afghanistan ami was 
instrumental in organizing congressional 
pressure .in. 1984 to free the imprisoned 
Pakistani opposition leader. Benazir 
Bhutto, his former Harvard classmate. 

The ambassador, who will move to 
Washington and take a job as a senior 
official in die Agency for International 
Development, was instrumental in one 
of the most contentious policy decisions 
made by the Clinton administration in 
Bosnia. 

He lobbied in April 1994 to allow Iran 
to transfer weapons through Croatia to 
the Muslims, who were outgunned by 
the Serbs and under siege in Sarajevo. 
President Bill Clinion's agreement to 
look the other way as Iran and Croatia 
openly violated die United Nations arms 
embargo, however, was never relayed to 
the CIA or the Pentagon. 

“The president’s decision not to ob- 
ject to the flow of weapons sustained the 
alliance between the Bosnians and the 
Croats, which at the time was in a very 
fragile condition,” the ambassador said, 
referring to the alliance brokered by 
Washington, which ended nearly a year 
of fighting between the Croats and 
Muslims. 

“The arms shipments allowed the 
original victims of the aggression to, in a 
very short time, reverse the military situ-: 
ation on the ground” Mr. Galbraith said. 
“Hus paved the way for Dayton.” 







i * i 




flit,,,. ’ 1. ■ ■ 



Vjrfi— Shimi* IV V-ti Hnv . 

Officers guarding access to the harbor at Novorossisk, Russia's southern port and future pipeline terminal. 

Russians Go Green Over Black Sea 


By Marlise Simons 

New York Times Service 


NOVOROSSISK. Russia — Valeri 
Timoshenko, a quiet man and a film- 
maker, prefers to be behind the camera. 
But there be was in front of it, ges- 
ticulating at what he called the scene of 
a future crime. 

The place looked innocent enough, a 
perfect half- moon bay along the Black 
Sea lined with hills and trees, a rare 
stretch of unspoiled nature. But a part- 
nership of Russian and Western oil 
companies has plans for this stretch of 
beach. 8 miles from the city's harbor. 

They expect to begin work next year 
on a 980-mile oil pipeline that will 
empty into a phalanx of storage tanks . 
Loading buoys for supertankers will 
float just off the bay, now a favorite 
bathing spot 

"That oil terminal must be built in 
the existing harbor and not in this 
bay,'’ Mr. Timoshenko told a film 
crew recording Black Sea problems. 

"We are told it’s cheaper to put it 
here, but it will destroy pore nature. We 
don’t have much left’ ’ 

The issue is not that simple. 

For Novorossisk, a city of 250,000 
people that is lined with industry and 
grease, oil means jobs and a chance at 
prosperity, and many here are eager for 
a chance to work in the expanding 
industry. ‘ 

’ About 80 percent of the calls to a hot 
line for concerned local citizens are 
about where to find a job. 

Russian crude oQ has passed through 
here for decades, but Moscow now 
wants its only southern deep-sea harbor 
to handle pan of the enormous Central 
Asian reserves waiting to be ferried to 
Western markets. Pipelines already 
bring oil from the Russian hinterland* 
the first flow from the area around the 
Caspian has just come in. From here, 
the oil goes to the Mediterranean. 

The environmental record of the 
lands around the Caspian Sea is one of 
rampant abuse. But the approaching oil 
boom of Central Asia has raised some 
questions more starkly than before. 

How much land and water will be 


sacrificed in the name of promised 
prosperity? And how much of that 
prosperity will benefit local poor 
people? Or will much of it end up in 
Moscow, London or Houston? 

Russia has environmental laws, but 
skeptics tear that, as in the past, these 
will be widely ignored. The port of 
Novorossisk is poorly equipped to deal 
with die waste of oil tankers and from 
the city itself. The beaches of a nearby 
resort and the bay where the new ter- 
minal is planned are covered with tar 
balls from earlier oil spills, and with 
syringes and other hospital waste. 

Laurence Mee. director of the Black 
Sea Environmental Program of the 
United Nations, said pollution in this 
area was “a real and disturbing issue.” 

Local environmentalists think they 
have some leverage. The entrepreneurs 
on the Caspian oil frontier include 
Western energy companies that care 
about their public image and are open 
to more scrutiny than Communist bu- 
reaucrats were. 

Mr. Timoshenko's sense of realism 
tells him that ordinary citizens cannot 
stop a pipeline that has been discussed 
by both the White House and the 
Kremlin. But he and others have de- 
mand a referendum on the location of 
the terminal. 

In August, a protest group occupied 
die town hall, and since then the mayor 
and the oil companies have held sev- 
eral pnblic hearings. 

Supporters of the referendum in- 
clude priests, scientists and teachers. 

The Novorossisk office of the Caspi- 
an Pipeline Consortium, which will 
build and operate the pipeline and ter- 
minal, has already pledged to make 
major investments to clean up and re- 
store all the land and beach fronts along 
the pipeline route. The oil companies, 
which include Chevron Crap., Mobil 
Corp., Royal/Dutch Shell Group, Brit- 
ish Gas PLC and Russia's oil giant AO 
LakoiL will pay most of the $2 billion 
cost of die line. The European and 
American companies promise to do 
everything possible to prevent acci- 
dents. 

Construction of the. pipeline, from 


the Tengiz oil fields in Kazakhstan, is 
to start in 1 998. and three years later the 
pipeline is expected to deliver half a 
million barrels a day to Novorossisk. 
That amount may double in die future. 

According to the partnership, it 
would be impractical and unsafe to 
build the terminal in the crowded har- 
bor. Instead, it argues, the offshore 
loading platform for tankers, floating 
three miles from the coast, is more 
reliable and safe, "it will avoid ship- 
ping accidents and collisions in the big 
port/’ said Victoria Dergachiova. di- 
rector of the consortium office. 

The sites for the enormous new grid 
of pipelines, pumping stations and 'ter- 
minals are still being negotiated. Talks 
are entangled in politics, and oil may be 
routed east, west or south. But the routes 
of three pipelines are known. Two 
already exist, the third was approved in 
May. AH three lead to the Black Sea. 

For Mr. Mee, of the United Nations, 
the implications are grim. "The Black 
Sea is becoming an oil superhighway 
but its ports are badly equipped," he 
told Western scientists visiting No- 
vorossisk. "Unless drastic changes are 
made, we are inviting disaster.” • 

Now, even before the coming oil 
boom, more than 1 10,000 tons of oil get 
into die Black Sea every year, according 
to recent studies of surface water and 
sediments. The oil comes from rivers, 
coastal refineries and oil tankers. 

John Lyras, president of the Greek 
shipowners’ association, said much 
pollution from tankers was avoidable if 
proper facilities are installed on land. 
* 'Tankers cany sea water in their cargo 
ranks for stability while they sail 
empty, and they need facilities for 
dumping this contaminated water." he 
said, noting that Black Sea ports lack 
such facilities, despite international 
conventions requiring them. 

Novorossisk is a case in point Al- 
though its harbor handles 50 million 
tons of cargo per year, of which 32 
million is oil. it has few treatment 
facilities. 

Much of the vessels’ ballast water, 
sludge and toxic waste is simply- 
dumped at sea. 


RUSSIA: 

Yeltsin’s Bleak View 

Continued from Page 1 

Russia "finds itself isolated" from the 
Asia-Pacific region and adds that "all of 
this is unacceptable for us as an in- 
fluential European- Asian state.” 

. The document recounts Russia's eco- 
nomic troubles: shrinking industrial pro- 
duction; falling investment and inno- 
vation: “lagging behind developed 
countries’' in high technology; growing 
dependence on imports; a brain drain 
from science and skilled fields; falling 
living standards; agricultural stagnation; 
widespread use of baiter instead of 
money; a collapse of public finances, 
aad the prevalence of crime and cor- 
ruption. 

‘ “The crisis-like state of the economy 
is the major reason for the appearance of 
a threat to the national security of the 
Russian Federation,” it declares. 

Die document warns that Russia, a 
-federation of 89 regions, faces "centrif- 
ugal aspirations” that could rip tee coun- 
ty apan.lt notes that some regions 
already snub the constitution. 


1997 Was a Year of ‘Joy and Woe,' Queen Elizabeth Tells Britons 



Elizabeth II delivering her Christmas message from Windsor Castle. 


Reuters 

LONDON — Calling 1997 a year of 
"joy and woe,” Queen Elizabeth II 
spoke in her Christmas message Thurs- 
day of the shock of Princess Diana's 
death and tee happiness of her own 
golden wedding anniversary. 

In the longest royal Christmas mes- 
sage since George V began the national 
tradition in 1932 — nine minutes and 55 
seconds — the queen departed from the 
stuffy tones of broadcasts past. 

Quoting William Blake and St. Paul, 
she discussed tee royal family's emo- 
tional roller-coaster in 1997 as well as 
Britain’s loss of Hong Kong and even 
the devolution of more political power to 
Scotland and Wales. 

"We all felt the shock and sorrow of 
Diana's death,*' the queen said in the 
television message screened around the 
world and appearing for tee first time on 
the Internet! 

In 1 997, she said, Westminster Abbey 
in London was the scene of two major 
events, "one of them almost unbearably 
sad,” the queen said, referring to the 
funeral of Diana, who died Aug. 31 in a 


car crash in Paris. But the abbey also was 
tee scene of celebrations in November of 
tee queen's 50th wedding anniversary, 
an occasion that the queen said was "for 
Prince Philip and me, tremendously 
happy.” 

Queen Elizabeth said: "Joy and sad- 
ness are part of all our lives. Indeed, the 
poet William Blake tells us that 'joy and 
woe are woven fine, a clothing for the 
soul divine, under every grief and pine 
runs a joy with silken twine/ ” 

She added, "This interweaving of joy 
and woe has been very much brought 
home to me and my family during the 
last months." 

The queen's message was strikingly 
more personal and emotional than in the 
past, perhaps in response to a year in 
which millions of Britons abandoned 
their stereotypical reserve and grieved 
openly at Diana’s death. 

Recent evidence suggests the royal 
family’s attempt to get more in touch 
with the British public since Diana's 
death is starting to pay dividends. 

On Wednesday, The Tunes said there 
had been a strong recovery in the pop- 


ularity rating of Prince Charles. It said a 
recent poll by the MORI organization 
had found 6 1 percent of Britons satisfied 
with their future monarch and 29 percent 
dissatisfied. In a poll in August, just 
before Diana's death, 46 percent were 
dissatisfied with Prince Charles, and 42 
percent expressed satisfaction. 

At points in tee recorded message. ; 
video footage was shown. There were 
scenes of the flowers left outside Kens- 
ington Palace after Diana died and film 
of Diana's two sons. William and Hany. 
walking behind her coffin in tee funeral 
procession with Diana's ex-husband. 
Prince Charles, and her brother Ear! ' 
Spencer. 

The queen said the thousands of 
flowers and messages left in tribute to 
Diana had been "a great comfort to all 
those close to her." 

Queen Elizabeth said many in Britain - 
may have felt "a twinge of sadness" as 
Hong Kong reverted to Chinese rule in 
July, but she said. "We should be proud 
of the success of our partnership in Hong 
Kong and in how peacefully the old 
empire has been laid to rest.” 


RELIGION: A Patchwork of Beliefs Enlivens Europe 9 $ Spiritual Life, but Traditional Forms of Worship Draw Decreasing Numbers 


Continued from Page 1 

tbeir church from tee clutches of their 
state. The Germans are struggling to 
absorb and convert a virtually de- Chris- 
tianized East German population. And 
all European* are learning to live with 
the growing presence of Islam. 

For a uuarter-century, Ewrope has 
welcomed Protestant evangelism impor- 
ted or copied from North America. 
RuptiMs, Methodists, Assemblies of 
Giid. Jehovah’s Witnesses, even Epis- 
copalians. are spreading their message 
with slow but growing success. 

Europe no less than the United States 
ha> warmed to New Age spiritualism, 
Hinduism. Transcendental Meditation, 
the Unification Church. Krishna Con- 
sciousness, occultism. faith healing- The 
Church of Scientology is locked in a 
Mrugck* w ith live German government to 


enhance its tax status as a religion. 

Religious pluralism is a new fact of life 
on a continent long dominated by two 
major Christian churches. Its centuries of 
religious wars and tee Holocaust may be 
history, but tee rhetorical foundations of a 
secular society arc being shaken anew by 
the continent’s growing Muslim com- 
munity that has made Islam the thud 
religion of France, Germany and Britain. 

Much of a new generation is coining 
of age with little or no religion as a point 
of cultural and personal reference. The 
post- World War II generation could still 
remember a tradition-, but since they did 
not pass it on, their children are religious 
blank slates. 

For some this is an opportunity. The 
young "know nothing of religion, so 
they have no prejudices against it," ob- 
served Neil Blough. a Mennoniie church 
historian in a Paris suburb. “Some of 


them even think Jesus and God are 
American inventions.” 

Such are the spiritual temptations for 
the young that Nick. Cuthbert, founding 
pastor of a contemporary-style Protestant 
church in a suburb of Birmingham, Eng- 
land, devoted a recent Sunday message to 
tee pitfalls of easy belief — and in so 
doing suggested what tee old churches, 
even tee ones trying to modernize, are up 
against in today's thriving European re- 
ligions marketplace. He named Ouija 
boards, “The .\-F11es" television series, 
witchcraft, levitation, divination," for- 
tune-telling, palmistry and astrology. 

Indeed, many young people exhibit a 
phenomenon familiar to American so- 
ciologists of contemporary religion: 
"zapping” among religions, surfing for 
faiths that appeal to them. "Religion, 
like so many other things, has entered 
tee world of options, lifestyles and pref- 


erences," Mrs. Davie said. 

“We believe, but we don’t practice,” 
said Vicente Gamon, an electrician, one 
evening at his local fall as clubhouse in 
Valencia. Across tee table, Juan Costa, a 
mason, put it differently. "We are Cath- 
olics, but we are not believers,” he said. 

"My parents taught me about God, 
. but the ideas didn’t conform to reality, so 
in tee course of my life I created my 
own," he added. 

Not everyone has left the church, and 
those who have remained or come bock 
have been drawn down one of two seem- 
ingly divergent paths that represent the 
growth sectors of European religiosity. 

One is toward contemporary expres- 
sions of faith in a secular vernacular 
often inspired by American churches 
that demystify and deformalize religion 
with rock music, sneaker-wearing pas- 
tors and messages that emphasize psy- 


chological counseling, social justice and 
environmental protection. Much of 
Europe's environmentalist movement is 
rooted in churches. 

The other pate is directed toward 
Christian roots, toward old and sacred 
forms of religious expression, including 
Latin prayers, ornate liturgies, the burn- 
ing of incense and a rediscovery of mys- 
tery and emotion. These are often called 
charismatic Christians. 

Much of the first trend echoes prac- 
tices in tee United States. The typical 
American’s strong religious identific- 
ation and continuous reinvention of re- 
ligious practices are often remarked 
upon by Europeans who, after all. be- 
queathed most Americans their religious 
doctrines and traditions. 

Claire Laporte-Bisquit. 36, is a case in 
point. An artist, teacher and mother of 
two who lives in Paris. Mrs. Lapone- 


Bisquit left the Catholic church as an 
adolescent and looked ahead tolife as an 
atheist. Then a friend gave her a Bible 
and introduced her to a Protestant evan- 
gelical community that she first em- 
braced. then found cloying, even "para- 
noiac" about outsiders. 

She moved to Washington for four 
years and found an American evangel- 
ical church she liked — a "marvelously 
managed" place where, unlike the typ- 
ical French church, her children were 
welcomed and ethnic minorities were 
abundant. Upon rerunning to France she 
joined the nondenominatibnal American 
Church on the Left Bank of the Seine for 
the same reasons. 

Mrs. Laporte-Bisquit feels liberated 
from a Catholic religion that was "a 
ritual, not a true statement of faith/' 

"I don’t like to be obliged lo think 
something." she said. 




EDITOMALS/OPIMON 


Ileralfc 


INTERNATIONAL 



rUBLSHKD WITH nit IXKW YUBK T1MKS AMD TIIX WASHINGTON TOST 


SribuUC Kim, Jospin, Blair: Committed to Religious fhlues 

tiw Washington post ' ^ 1 ' I " which dented 


Carnage in Mexico 


Whoever is ultimately found re- 
sponsible for the massacre in Chiapas, 
the pre-Christmas carnage \b a new 
blow to public confidence in Mexico's 
ruling party and a challenge to the 
reform plans of President Ernest Ze- 
dillo. Responding swiftly to charges 


that local authorities may have pro- 
tected or failed to head off the killers. 


Mr. Zedillo has assumed federal con- 
trol of the investigation. 

Eyewitnesses say invaders wielding 
machetes and AK-47 assault rifles at- 
tacked the hamlet of Acteal and, over a 


period of many hours, hunted down and 
killed 45 unarmed Indian inhabitants. 


including 15 children. Survivors say 
the attackers were associated with the 
local branch of Mr. Zedillo's Insti- 
tutional Revolutionary Party, or PRL 

PRI leaders, including die governor 
of Chiapas. Julio C&ar Ruiz Ferro, 
deny any involvement. Bat church 
leaders say state authorities ignored 
warnings of the attack and Red Cross 
officials say security fences prevented 
medical workers from entering the 
hamlet as' the slaughter continued. 

The federal investigation, which 
will be led by Attorney General Jorge 
Madrazo Cudllar. must now be pur- 


The Nichols Verdict 


The willingness to judge with all the 
meticulous hair-spliiting of real justice 
a man accused of spuming the most 
basic elements of humanity is one of 
the emblems of a civilized society. This 
discipline sometimes yields muddled 
and confusing results, and the verdict 
Tuesday in the second Oklahoma City 
bombing trial is one such outcome. 

The government proved beyond a 
reasonable doubt, the jury found, that 
Terry L. Nichols had conspired to use a 
weapon of mass destruction. At the 
same time, Mr. Nichols is not guilty of 
actually using the bomb or murdering 
the eight law-enforcement officers 
who were killed when it detonated. 
Somehow, however, he is guilty of 
involuntary manslaughter in their 
deaths, despite the fact that what 
happened in Oklahoma City on April 
19, 1995, was in no sense involuntary 
but a case of deliberate mass murder. 

The verdict does not, on its face, 
make a lot of sense, and some second- 
guessing is inevitable. But the second- 
guessing actually misses the point The 
verdict is a mature refusal by the jury 
either to equate Mr. Nichols with 
Timothy McVeigh — who was con- 
victed of detonating the bomb — or to 
acquit him entirely. In the face of one 
of the most atrocious crimes in Amer- 
ican history, in other words, this jury 
has insisted upon gradations of respon- 
sibility, and that is a quiet triumph for 
the U.S. judicial system. 

The evidence that Mr. Nichols 
helped plan the bombing was always 
stronger than die evidence that he 
helped cany it out. The receipt for the 
ammonium nitrate allegedly used in 
the bomb was found in his house, for 
example, but Mr. Nichols was at home 
in Kansas when the bombing actually 
took place. The jury’s conviction for 


the conspiracy but acquittal for the 
bombing itself, therefore, does not 
seem unreasonable. 

Unlike Mr. McVeigh’s attorneys, 
Mr. Nichols’s lawyers created a some- 
what plausible alternative to the gov- 
ernment’s narrative of their client's 
role; they argued that he was trying to 
build a life for himself and his family, 
not plotting to bomb anything. 

Most important. Judge Richard 
Matsch offered the jury the middle 
path of convicting Mr. Nichols of man- 
slaughter instead of murder — a re- 
cognition that his role could be seen as 
less central than Mr. McVeigh’s. This 

r n, which Judge Matsch did not 
in Mr. McVeigh’s case, permitted 
jurors to convict Mr. Nichols of being 
essentially a junior partner in Mr. Mc- 
Veigh’s crime. 

What the verdict lacks, of course, is 
the ringing clarity of Mr. McVeigh’s 
conviction. Already, some have crit- 
icized both Judge Matsch for permit- 
ting the jury to consider the man- 
slaughter alternative and the jury for 
doing so. The disappointment is un- 
derstandable, even though Mr. Nichols - 
will probably face stiff punishment, ' 
perhaps even the death sentence, for 
the conspiracy conviction. 

Understandable but wrong. The pur- 
pose of this trial was not to convict W’ 
Nichols but to decide the question of 
his guilt A -judge and jury do not 
succeed only if a trial yields the most 
emotionally satisfying result They 
succeed if a jury manages to weigh the 
evidence and then cram the complex- 
ities of real-life crimes into stark, oftep 
arbitrary, legal categories in an en- 
vironment insulated from emotional 
calls for revenge. That is precisely what 
happened in the trial of Terry Nichols. 
— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Turkish-Israeli Bond 


The geopolitical crowd is much 
taken with Turkey’s turn toward an 
increasingly deep and open relation- 
ship with Israel. Hie turn promises 
strategic company and a range of polit- 
ical and economic comforts to two 
countries otherwise rather isolated and 
inclined to seek friends beyond their 
immediate neighborhoods. 

Israel can use Turkey as an offset to 
- hostile regimes in Syria, Iraq and ban. 
' Turkey can use Israel to bolster a stress- 
ful international position challenged 


recently by a culturally aloof Europe. 
Together, Muslim Turkey and Zionist 


Together, Muslim Turkey and Zionist 
Israel dispose of powerful military 
forces and abundant other human, tech- 
nological and natural resources. Their 
cooperation creates a major power cen- 
ter even if it falls short of consum- 
mating an actual military alliance. 

' The two share something else: Each 
relies on the United States as its prin- 
■ cipal support for its own independent 
' foreign policy. This gives Americans a 
“particular stake in the outcome of any 
■strategic reformulation. The United 
States Is Israel’s single protector and 
'guarantor, and the patron of Turkey’s 
Western as against its Islamic ten- 
dency. In each role Washington 
draws a certain amount of regional 
static, but it has been by and large 
loyal to its two special, relatively 


isolated Middle Eastern friends. 

The political phase now emerging is 
bound to test Americans on two fronts. 
In the Cold War years, the United States 
followed a policy of folding Turkey into 
NATO in order to contain Soviet power. 
Turkey remains useful to stabilize its 
neighborhood of erratic, rule-breaking 
states. But the very Turkish element — 
the army — that has won American 
favor has also drawn American political 
disfavor for egregious Turkish breaches 
of human rights and Kurdish rights and 
on other political issues. Hie Clinton 
administration remains eager to anchor 
Turkey in the West sufficiently to 
hearken to the West's appeals on these 
issues. But the more strategically valu- 
able Turkey becomes, the more it is 
tempted to brush off those appeals. 

Israel's situations different. A Turk- 
ish connection measurably strengthens 
its security, especially as its attention 
turns to potential threats from countries 
— notably, Iraq and Iran — beyond its 
immediate perimeter. But a Turkish 
connection can also reduce Israelis’ per- 
ceived need to negotiate settlements in- 
side that perimeter with the Pales tinians 

and Syria. It wfll take a lot of American 
arguing to persuade Israel that the 
stronger its army and diplomacy make 
it, the safer a negotiated peace can be. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Jlcralb^Sribunc. 


ESTABLISHED 18X7 

KATHARINE GRAHAM, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
Co-Chairmen 

KATHARINE P. DARROW, Vice Chairman 


RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher & Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER, Exectmve Editor 


• WALTER W ELLS. Managing Editor • PAUL HORYTIZ&yiwy Managing Editor 
i KATHERINE KNORR and CHARLES MTTtHELMOi^OiTwo Erftfow • SAMUEL ABT and 
CARL GEWIRTZ. Associate EtMun • ROBERT J. DONAHUE EtEtor afthe Editorial fyges 
• •JONATHAN GAGE. Business and Finance Editor 

• RENfi BONDY, Deputy Publisher 

' • JAMBS McLEOD, AArmssag DimSor • DIDiER BRUN, Cimdadon Director. 
Directevrde la PiMcadon: Richard McClean 


International Herald Tribune, 181 Avenue Charles-dc-Ganllc. 92521 Nemlly-OT-Sdnc, France. 


«*.iissaa-,ws 




Mr. Jospin lives up to French s«- 


sued wherever it leads. Mexico’s re- 
cent record of investigating politically 
sensitive crimes is poor. 

There still has been no satisfactory 
resolution of the 1994 assassination of 
the presidential candidate Lpis Don- 
aldo Colosio Murrieta. 

Prosecution of former President 
Carlos Salinas de Gortari’s brother on 
murder and corruption charges is 
stalled. Federal probes into crimes by 
two PRI state governors ended without 
appropriate punishments. Another in- 
vestigative fumble would seriously 
damage Mr. Zedillo. 

Chiaras is where Zapatista rebels 
launched a brief armed rebellion on 
New Year's Day 1994. Because it 
raised the cause of Indian rights in one 
of Mexico’s poorest, least democrat- 
ically governed states, the revolt woo 
broad national sympathy. It also fed 
disillusionment with the PRI that led to 
the party’s defeat in congressional 
elections last summer. 

The butchery in Acteal resembled 
death -squad atrocities in nearby Gua- 
temala, something most Mexicans 
thought could never happen in their own 
country. Sadly, they were mistaken. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


W ASHINGTON - A century after By Jim Hoagfand thftofividnai’s rclao 

Nietzsche and Marx pronounced 3 ^ reotypts about sober to me ^ , and of M 

God dead, religious faith remains a driv- pomt of ptintaual, lirnfty lo tto pornt mportai 

ing force in national and world politics shoddy ethics and betrayal of values of austere. His an ^ n ^ n S ■ responsibility*’ ' 

”3 for £°°d ^ bad. At Outstmas. set fliey peredved In tto Modern pH** 


... . ..v -nm. 

- irWft' 


aside the religious zealots. Look instead 
at the three most interesting new faces 
inducted into the pantheon of wodd 
leaders in 1997 ana their open com- 
mitment to healthy religious values. 

Those values were important to the 
election of Kim Dae Jung in South 
Korea this month, and to the elections of 
Tony Blair in Britain and Lionel Jospin 
in France this spring. Each has indicated 
in convincing ways that his style of 
governance will be informed by his own 
concept of Christianity and the moral 
codes each derives from religion. 

The results of these elections are 
culturally paradoxical: Catholic France 
has in Mr. Jospin a Protestant prime 
minister. Mr. Blair, an Anglican like 
most Britons, regularly attends Roman 
Catholic Mass. And traditionally Con- 
fucian. South Korea has elected in Mr. 
Kim a devout Roman Catholic to lead it 
out of the most serious financial crisis 
it has ever faced 

Their coming to power may be 
rooted solely in local issues. Their ex- 
amples may cum out to be three straws 
in me wind. 

But these three leaders represent a 
fresh stair for voters disgusted with the 


that Mr. Blair, Mr. Jospin and beyond moral reproach is a welcome 
n displaced. These “outsiders” relief for French voters after t^can- 
:ed moderation, nersonal prob- dais and excesses of the Soc 


C tes that Mr. Blair. Mr. Jospin ana 
Kim displaced. These “outsiders” 
evidenced moderation, personal prob- 
ity and ethical commitmentsnot only as 
candidates but also in their daily lives. 


politicians. Mr. Blajf 




Id his first crucial postelection pub- 
lic statements intended to reassure his 


countrymen and the international in- 
vestors who have brought the South 
Korean economy to its knees, Mr. Kim 
emphasized the strength of his faith in 
Christianity as a source of stability in 
his life and for his leadership to come. 

That sentiment is not new or situ- 
ational for Mr. Kim. During his bleak 
exile in the United States in the 1980s, 
he frequently told American visitors 
that his religious convictions, includ- 


Eoch has indicated that 
his style of governance 
will he informed by his 
concept of Christianity. 


and Gauilist governments of the past 
two decades. 


muuau p - . i ; i~ 

10 death: “Hie intriguing thing about 
Pilaie is the degree to which he med to 
do the good thing rather than the bad. 
... One can imagine him agonizing, 
seeing that Jesus had done nothing 
wrong, and wishing to release him. Just 
as easily, however, one can envisage 
Pilate’s advisers telling hint or the 
risks, warning him nor tceau.se A not or 
in flame Jewish opinion. It is a timeless 

parabteofpoliticznife.;^^^ 


» ~ : 


i U * ' 


1 .1 

s* Vj»f 

, ■ nms:--. 


SSs.'ssSsss53E“ 


I 4 


ing man ’s duty ro serve the community occasionally preacnea at example of the continuing 


defy assassination attempts, jailing and 
torture to stay in politics. 

Mr. Jospin and Mr. Blair never had 
to face such tests. But the election 
results and public opinion polls con- 
ducted since show that they nave con- 
vinced many of their compatriots that 
they have crane to politics as a matter of 


panies his wife. Cherie, a devout Cath- power of religion in TOhiies.inM- 
ohc, to Mass. And at Easter in 1996, he ranging his visit to Cuba nex iwvtth 
took the enormous risk of appearing to the Pope perauadedFidel Castro to let 

wear his religion on his sleeve by writ- Cubans celebrate <2**^J* ***" 


duty rather than self-aggrandizement 
and lust for power. 


ing an article in The Sunday Telegraph 
called “Why I Am a Christian.” 
Christianity, Mr. Blair wrote in what 
would become a blueprint for the brit- 
liantiy centrist 199/ campaign, in- 
formed both his rejection of a “narrow. 


Cubans celebrate Christinas as a na- 
tional holiday for the first time since 
1968. 

It is Nietzsche and Marx who are 
dead. God seems to be doing fine, ns 
Mr. Castro is about to discover. 

The Wuskiiieton A«r. 


tr 

* m. 

y .. r|* 0r - 


Asia’s People Have Not Yet Slammed Into the Pavement 


■ ...» 

ibrw 




W ASHINGTON — Think- 
ing about the economic 


VV ing about the economic 
crisis in Southeast Asia reminds 
me of a joke about being on the 
30th floor of a hotel, looking out 
the window and suddenly seeing 
a man falling past your room. 

“How you doing?” you ask 
him as he sails by.' “Fine,” he 
says. “So far." 

" And so it is with the Asian 
economies. This crisis has just 
begun. 

Korea and its neighbors are 
still far from having hit bottom. 
Their crises are still confined 
largely to stock markets. and 
currencies. 

■ But soon bankruptcies will 
mount, real estate prices will 
plummet and thereal economy, 
realjobs and real people will hit 
thepavemenL 

Even then the stray won’t be 
over. Because what’s happen- 
ing in Southeast Asia today is 
also a China crisis, an education 
crisis and a political crisis. 

The China crisis: A Thai 
businessman summed it up far 
me in one sentence: “China can 
make everything we do now — 
only cheaper.” 

China’s low wage structure 
doesn’t really threaten Amer- 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


ica, because China doesn’t 
make the high-end products 
America specializes in. But 
China helped trigger this latest 
crisis by using its cheap wages 
and cheap currency to undersell 
its neighbors. 

Tom Banker runs Gem- 
essence, a gem-cutting business 
in Bangkok. 

“The Chinese are now doing 
the cutting the Thais used to do,” 


Soon bankruptcies 
will mount, real 
estate prices wiU 
plummet and 
ordinary people 
will get hit 


he told me. “Because die Thai 
currency was pegged to the dol- 
lar, my labor costs tripled from 
1987 to 1997 without a tripling 
in productivity. I was trying to 
keep 220 Thai employees busy, 
but as labor costs kept going up I 
couldn't justify cutting cheap 


stones here. My average worker 
here gets $200 a month. In China 
it’s $50 a month. So I cut my 
staff here to 68 people, who only 
do the most sophisticated work. 
The rest I moved to China.” 

The education crisis: To 
keep ahead of China, Indonesia, 
Malaysia and Thailand need to 
move up tire knowledge ladder 
so they can produce more so- 
phisticated products and leave 
die low end for China. The 
problem is that Thailand has 
compulsory education only up 
to sixth grade. Worse, the edu- 
cation systems in Southeast 
Asia do not encourage inno- 
vation, creativity or indepen- 
dence of thought. They can 
mimic Bill Gates, they can con- 
sume Bill Gates, but they can’t 
create Bill Gates. 

Or to paraphrase a recent 
analysis in The Economist 
magazine: In Japan and South- 
east Asia the nan that stands up 
gets hammered down. In Amer- 
ica that same nail is driving a _ 
Ferrari in Silicon Valley. 

- Norani Othman, a Malaysian 
Muslim intellectual, told me in 
Koala Lumpur last week: 


“There is a jingle that runs after 
the news here that celebrates 
Information Technology — IT. 
It says: ‘Love IT; learn IT; IT is 
the only way to our future. ’ But 
it’s just a mantra. The govern- 
ment is not educating a gen- 
eration that can mdigeoize real 
information technology, au- 
thenticate it and reproduce it 
themselves. 

‘^Students leam by rote, tike 
a bunch of robots.” 

The political crisis: Chanok- 
phat Phitakwanokoon, a 40- 
year-old Thai-Chinese woman, 
sells cigarettes and Chinese 
dumplings at a sidewalk stall 
off Bangkok’s Wireless Road. 
How’s business? I asked the 
other day. Down 30 percent, she 
said. I asked if she knew what 
a stock market was. 

“Yes,” she answered with- 
out hesitation. “I own shares in 
Bangkok Bank and Asia Bank. 
My relatives were all buying, so 
I bought, too. They are not 
worth much now.” 


This is a dumpling seller with 
fifth- erode education and no 


a fifth-grade education and no 
shoes — but she owns stocks. 
This crisis reaches very deep. 

Will people like Chanokphat 
Phitakwanokoon lead a backlash 


against leaders who tell them the 
only way out of this* crisis is 
more bitter IMF medicine and 
more globalization? Hard to 
know. If this were the Middle 
East, demonstrators would have 
already burned down Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund offices. 

■ But people here tend to be 
more pragmatic. The initial re- 
action is to cut buck, save more, 
work haider. But for how long? 
The falling bodies still haven't 
hit the pavement. 

The next six months will be 
the most critical political mo- 
ment for Southeast Asia since 
decolonization. If the liberal 
democrats how taking over in 
Korea and Thailand can turn 
things around quickly, great. 
Bui they’re going to have to 
break some powerful forces — 
the crony capitalists, politicians 
and bankers who benefited 
from the old system. 

If the pain of reform cuts too 
deeply and too widely, you 
could get a merger (as happened 
in Iran against the shah) be- 
tween the cronv capitalists and 
the urban underclass against 
the liberal democrats. 

That’s the danger. 

The New York Tunes 










*Mij 


To the North’s Jeers, Korea Fights to Survive the IMF general 


L OS ANGELES — Kim 
Dae June, the liberal 


.L/Dae Jung, the liberal 
newly elected, president of 
South Korea, has bis work 
cut out for him. 

In addition to having to pay 
to keep 37,000 U.S. combat 
troops in his country with a 
Korean currency that has lost 
half its value in U.S. dollars, 
his northern neighbor is trying 
to exploit South Korea’s eco- 
nomic woes. 

On Tuesday, The New York 
Times carried a full-page, color 
ad depicting the North Korean 
leader Kim Jong II and announ- 
cing that he had emerged “as 
the Lodestar for Sailing tiie 2 1st 
Century.” 

While South Korea has just 
been forced to accept what it 
considers to be humiliating con- 
ditions from the TnftM-narirmgl 
Monetary Fund in exchange for 
a financial bailout. North Korea 
was saying, in effect, to 
Koreans everywhere: “If you 
don't like what's happening in 
the South, we are the true pat- 


By Chalmers Johnson 


riots ready to receive you with 
open arms.” 

Never mind that North 
Koreans also have received 
their share of bailouts this past 
year, of -rice and other food for 
the starving . population. But 
there were no humiliating 
strings attached to that aid, least 
of all one forbidding diem the 
waste of $85,000 on a self-con- 
gratulatory newspaper adver- 
tisement 

Koreans' ofi both sides of 
the Demilitarized Zone are a 
proud, nationalistic people. 
North Koreans insist that they 
were more fierce in resisting 
Japan during World War if, 
and this is stressed several 
times in their ad. 

Kim Jong H is described as 
being bam “in a secret camp of 
anti-Japanese guerrillas” to 
“young General Kim Q Sung, 
who was leading anti- Japanese 
straggles to win Korea’s inde- 
pendence, and Madame Kim 


Jong Suk, who was an anti- 
Japanese woman fighter.” 

It may have struck some 
readers as odd, therefore, that 
the ad was placed by people 
living in Japan. But Japan 
is home to about 800,000 
Koreans, many of whom sup- 
port North Korea with financial 
remittances and other means. 

Japan, which was the hated 
colonial overlord of Korea for 
40 years before World War n 
and which still treats even 
second- and third-generation 
Koreans bom in Japan as vir- 
tual outcasts, has long turned a 
blind eye to these remittances 
and other forms of support for 
North Korea. 

This is one reason why the 
United States, in the event of 
another conflict on the Korean 
Peninsula, would be foolish to 
suppose that Japan would ac- 
tually honor the Japan-U-S. Se- 
curity Treaty by becoming in- 
volved in any military way. 


But North Korea clearly did 
not place this ad in order to 
incite Americans or South 
Koreans to war. Quite the op- 
posite. This is a bit of gloating 
by some noncapitalists over the 
misfortunes that have befallen 
their capitalist brothers. 

It should also serve as a warn- 
ing to the United States that the 
IMF’s arrogant demands that 
Asian economies such as South 
Korea. Thailand and Indonesia 
refashion themselves to look 
more like the West may back- 
fire in quite spectacular and un- 
expected ways. 

In the mid-1980s, the IMF 
imposed similar conditions on 
Vietnam, which rapidly became 
the investment haven of choice 
for Korean companies making 
Nike shoes and other apparel 
that used to be made in South 
Korea. 

* If the South Korean economy 
is now forced to contract 
severely, it is sure to take down 
with it many of its investments 


have long been discriminated 
against politically and econom- 
ically and who were the victims 
of tile American-condoned 
massacre of protesters in 
Kwangju in 1980. 

If Mr. Kim now succeeds in 
mobilizing the nationalism of 
the South Koreans to take only 
from tiie IMF what is compat- 
ible with Korean culture, he will 
go down as the best president 
since Park Chung Hee. 

If he should also invite the 
American troops to go home 
and negotiates a real modus 
viveadi with his starving but 


■« i? 

w fed 


* m 


equally proud compatriots to 
the North, he may become the 


greatest Korean politician of 
all time. 


The writer, president of the 
'Japan Policy Research Institute 
in Cardiff, California, contrib- 
uted this comment to the Los 
Angeles Tunes. 


■ -- 

-■** ... 

m •». 

»> . 


in places such as Indonesia, 
China and Vietnam. 


The Wrong Message to Bosnians 


L ynchburg, Virginia 

— President Bill Ciin- 


JL-f — : President Bill Clin- 
ton’s message to the Bosnian 
people this week was simple: 
We brought you peace, and 
now it is up to you to do 
something with it Take your 
destiny in your own hands! 

A beautiful message, in- 
deed, but so American — and, 
therefore, not of much use 
in Bosnia. 

Wrong, President Clinton. 
Peace is not now up to the 
Bosnian people ‘ — or to any 
other people in the region — 
because it was never their 
choice to wage war to begin 
with. 

There are several rules that 
Mr. Clinton, and tiie leaders of 
every other country in tiie 
United Nations, should keep 
in mind when dealing with 
the Balkans. 

First, the key to peace is to 
be found not in Bosnia but in 
Serbia and Croatia. 

Second, the naiure of power 
in these stares is that of the 
"demokratura” — an author- 


By Slavenka Draknlic 


itarian leadership legitimized 
by democratic elections. - 


This is tiie rule in the 
Y ugoslavia of Slobodan Mi- 
losevic and the Croatia of 
Franjo Tudjman — and is 
nearly true of President AJija 
Izetbego vic’s Bosnia. 

Third, the same leaders 
who started the war will stick 
to it as long as they can. War. 
is good for them. It helps 
them stay in power and allows 
them to avoid confronting 
issues like coemption, the. 
collapse of tiie economy and 
unemployment 

Therefore, they don’t have 
any real interest in peace.. 
They can promise peace, or 
even sign peace agreements, 
but in reality they will work 
against everything they prom- 
ised or signed. 

Finally, the fourth rule is: 
“The world has the memory 
of a fish,’ ' as an Albanian pro- 
verb goes. Tomorrow, tiie 
United States will turn its at- 
tention to some other country 
— Iraq, perhaps, or China — : 
and the Balkan leaders will * 


continue to do exactly what 
thmr want 

I do not blame Mr. Clinton. 
How could he or his advisers 
know all this? They come out 
of -a strong democratic tradi- 
tion where words such as “it 
is op to you now” mean 
something. 

In the Balkans, commun- 
ism' is not yet dead, and the 
idea that the people can take 
their destiny in their own 
hands means nothing. 

The solution to die Bosnian 
problem is at the very top, tiie 
same place where the problem 
originated. 

Still, I am happy that the 
Americans axe staying in Bos- 
nia, for the time being. At least 
this, means another year of 
peace, if nothing more. But I 
know that is not the solution. 
So must Mr. Clinton. 


China and Vietnam. 

The South’s new president- 
elect, Kim Dae Jung, is a great 
Korean patriot Previous mil- 
itary regimes have tried to as- 
sassinate him. 

He also represents the people 
of southwestern Korea, who 


Letters intended for publi- 
cation should, be addressed 
"Letters to the Editor" and 
contain the writers signature 
™me' and full address'. Letters 
should be brief and an • subject 
to editing. We cannot be re- 
sponsible for the remm of un- 
solicited manuscripts. 


-■ r ** 


IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND SQ YEARS AGO 


1897: Parisian Holiday keeping people ai home. 
PARIS — The celebration nf £’"" J cn , term S °9 e rest 


•me. A re- 
restaurant 






The. writer, a visiting pro- 
fessor at Randolph-Macon 
Woman’s College, is the au- 
thor of ''Caff Europa: Life 
After Communism." She con- 
tributed this comment to The 
New York Times. 


iwwauiuuw; iu-tuat wmen „u u J . 

prevails in Anglo-Saxon coon- was-’ “Vv?, SI Jfif?, 
tries, where it is the general go to Hell.” 

custom to go to church ia the „ 

morning and spend the rest of Czech Appeal 

tiie day m feasting and mer- p RA niro ~ ■■ 

runent The most outward siens 7T ™ ide nt Eduard 

of Christmas, however, are the ■ ^^oslovakia’s re- 

Saint-Cyrians, who throng the “endangered" 

streets and boulevards, their JSL? , selfish demands of in- 
pretty light Uniforms and tri- P° li! »cal panics 

color plumes contributing a ^ r CS pea r d to *c Czechs to 
bright , note to the somewhat lhe remna nts of lying, 

.ombre aspect of the city. 

1922 : Dry Christmas 

NEW YORK — Dty agents fi- 948 '"Ould be a year 

nally succeeded m overtaking would when Czechs 






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nally succeeded in- overtak in g 
public drinkers, and as a result 
New York had a nearly cfcy 
Christmas Eve. Last night [Dec. 
24] was virtually without cel- 
ebration, although possibly the 
fact that it was Sunday aided, in 


confronted with the 

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Toshiro Mifune, 77, Dies; 
Japanese Movie Star 


INTERNATIONAL 


Tfw Autviutal Press 

TOKYO — Toshiro Mifune, 77, a 
legend of Japanese movies and the star 
of such classics as “The Seven 
Samurai’ 1 and “‘Yojimbo,” died Wed- 
nesday at a hospital in the Tokyo suburb 
of Mi taka of multiple organ failure, the 
Kyodo news agency reported. 

Ah icon of Japanese film, Mr. Mifune 
had parts in more than 1 30 Japanese and 
English* language movies. Re was best 
known for rugged and stoic warrior roles 
under the direction of Akira Kurosawa. 

Mr. Mifune’s movies were widely 
imitated in Hollywood. “The Seven 
Samurai” was remade as “The Mag- 
nificent Seven” starring Yul Brynner, 
and “Yojimbo” became “A Fistful of 
Dollars'' starring Clint Eastwood. 

“He was ‘like America’s John 
Wayne, Burt Lancaster and Charles 
Bronson, rolled into one,” said lun 
Ishiko, a film critic in Tokyo. “He is the 
last great Japanese movie star.” 

Bom in China in 1920, Mr. Mifune 
was repatriated to Japan after World 
War n and became an employee of the 
Toho Co. film studio in 19461 He in- 
tended to work as an assists n.t cam-, 
eraman but took a chance and audi- 
tioned for acting roles. 

He appeared in his first movie in 1947 
and the following year starred in the 
Kurosawa film “Yoidore Tjenshi” 
(Drunken Angel). In all, Mr. Mifune 
acted in 16 Kurosawa movies, including 
“Rashomon” in 1950, which won in- 
ternational fame for Mr. Mifune as well 
as the 1951 Academy Award for best 
foreign film. 

He established a reputation as one of 
Japan's greatest actors, with parts run- 
ning the gamut from samurai to modern- 
day policemen to drunken Indian peas- 
ants. Though he excelled as a sword- 
wielding warrior, he brought sensitivity 
and psychological complexity to all his 
roles. 

“He was one of the greatest actors of 
the golden age of Japanese cinema,” 
said Chris Betros, a film critic based in 
Tokyo. “A lot of his characters sym- 
bolized the loner who sticks up for the 
little guy.” 

Mr. Mifune took the prize for best 
actor in two Kurosawa works at the 
Venice Film Festival — “Yojimbo” in 
1961 and “Red Beard” in 1964. But the 
next year the two men had a falling-out, 
an incident that both usually declined to 
discuss. 

Mr. Mifune later leaned toward tele- 
vision and foreign films, such as “Hell 
in the Pacific” ( 1968) with Lee Marvin 
and “Midway” (1976). 

He may be best known outside Japan 
for his role as Lord Toranaga in “Sho- 
gun." the 1980 television series based 
on James ClaveU’s bestseller. 


“I'm not always great in pictures,” 
Mr. Mifune was quoted as having said in 
1984.. “But I'm always true to the Jap- 
anese spirit” 

Marion Bell, 78, Originated Role 
In ‘Brigadoon’ on Broadway 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Marion Bell, 
78, who crea t ed the leading role of 
Fiona MacLaren in the ori ginal Broad- 
way production of the Alan Jay Lemer- 
Frederick Loewe musical “Brigadoon” 
in 1947 and then marr ied Mr. Lemer, 
died Dec. 14 at the Brotman Medical 
Center in Culver City, California. 

As the innocent young woman in the 
mysterious Scottish town that comes 
back to life one day every 100 years, Ms. 
Bell captivated critics as well as theat- 
ergoers. For her role in “Brigadoon,” 
she won many awards, including the 
Donaldson Award for best debut per- 
formance by an actress in a musical. 

Frank Waldrop, 92, Ex-Editor 
Of Washington Newspaper 

NEW YORK ■ — Frank Campbell 
Waldrop, 92, an author and journalist 
who had been editor in chief of The 
Washington Times-HeraM, died Son- 
day at Sibley Memorial Hospital in 
Washington. 

A native of Alabama, he moved to 
Washington in 1933 to work as a re- 
porter for The Herald. The paper 
merged with The Tones of Washington, 
and Mr. Waldrop became executive ed- 
itor in the late 1 940s. He left The Times- 
Herald in 1953 and was later a con- 
sultant to the State Department 

Giorgio Strehler, 76, an I talian 
theater director who founded Milan's 
Piccolo Teatro 50 years ago, died Thurs- 
day in his home in Switzerland, RAI 
state television reported. Mr. Strehler, 



Kaunda Spends Christmas in Prison 


fa Our Swff Firm Dapju Vs 

LUSAKA, Zambia — Kenneth 
Kaunda, the former president of Zambia 
who led the country to independence in 
1964, spent Christmas in prison after 
being detained under a state of emer- 
gency by paramii itary police armed with 
assault rifles. 


keeper were the only visitors permitted 
to see Mr. Kaunda on Thursday at Kam- 
wala holding prison. They said Mr. 
Kaunda was being held in a communal 
cell with more than two dozen men 


Mr. Kaunda. 73. agreed to go to police 
headquarters for questioning three hours 
after about 40 paramilitary 
rounded his- suburban Lusaka house at 
dawn on Christmas morning. 

Once in custody, Mr. Kaunda was 
ordered detained for 28 days under pro- 
visions of the state of emergency that 
followed a failed coup attempt on Oct- 
28 against his successor as president. 
Frederick Chiluba. Mr. Chiluba defeated 
Mr. Kaunda in multipanv elections in 
1991. 

Mr. Kaunda was in South Africa at the 
rime of the coup attempt and spent the 
last two months in Zimbabwe. 


He returned home last weekend, say- 
ing he was happy to join all-party’ re- 
conciliation talks offered by Mr. 

Chiluba’s Movement for Multiparty de- 
mocracy- to iron out political differences. 

Wed Kaunda, the former president's facing criminal charges, 
eldest son, said Thursday his lather would ^ 

refuse to eat until he was brought to court 
or faced specific charges. According to 
Wezi Kaunda, his father was a strict ve- 
police sur- getarian who only ate uncooked meals. 

Mr. Kaunda 's detention came four 
days after he returned to the country from 
a lengthy lecture tour. He was away when 
mutinous soldiers seized control of the 
state radio studio and broadcast they had r _ 

overthrown Mr. Chiluba. Loyal troops “a breach of trust” in detaining Mr. 
quickly crushed the rebellion and Mr. Kaunda. who has insisted that he knew 
Chiluta declared the stale of emergency. 

Opposition groups accused Mr. 

Chiluba of using the emergency dec- 
laration to crack down on political en- 
emies. 

Wezi Kaunda and his father’s house- 


Tbe conditions in there are terrible. 
It is Iice-infested,” said Wezi Kaunda. 
adding that he believed his father was 
taken to the overcrowded, aged prison 
on Christmas Day out of “vindictive.- 
ness. to settle old scores and to humiliate 
him." 

Sacika Sitwala, a lawyer lor Mr. 
Kaunda 's opposition United National 
Independence Party, accused police of 

kn.ai.1, nf mici" in itdl-iininn Mr 


nothing about the coup attempt. 

Mr. Kaunda formed UNIP in 1958. 
won power in 1963 and oversaw the end 
of British rule the next year, making 
Zambia the first country in the region to 
win independence. (AP, Rcitierxi 


A^mcr FnqcT'hfvv 

Toshiro Mifune, right, as a 
samurai warrior in “Yojimbo,” a 
Kurosawa movie made in 1961- 

who took his works on much-applauded 
tours through Western and Eastern 
Europe, North America and Larin 
America, also directed operas. 

Robert C. Dean, 94, the architect 
who designed the American Military 
Cemetery in Cambridge, England, ana 
helped with the restoration of Colonial 
Williamsburg in Virginia, died Sunday 
in a nursing home near Boston. 

Mario Ferrari Aggradi, SI , a former 
senator and a minister in nine of Italy's 
Christian Democratic governments, has 
died. He was agriculture minister in four 
governments and also held the transport, 
finance. Treasury and communications 
portfolios. 


BRIEFLY 


Opposition Leader 
Leaves Jail in Iran 

TEHRAN — The leader of a liberal 
opposition group was freed on bail 
Thursday after spending 1 1 days in jail, 
the official Iranian press agency IRNA 
reported- 

The agency said Ibrahim Yazdi, 65, 
had been charged with “insulting sa- 
cred religious values” of the Islamic 
republic. 

His trial is pending. 

Mr. Yazdi. the leader of the Freedom 
Movement of Iran, has been under at- 
tack by conservatives for challenging 
the supremacy of the Iranian spiritual 
leader. Ayatollah Sayed AJi Khame- 
nei. { AFP ) 


jtjr . rv. TS m it other deaths in northeastern Kciijj. 

Mystery Uisease Jxllls One of the victims had severe malaria. 

_ V _ W..I ik.nrn.lJ rVnmivMinn 


42 in South Somalia 

NAIROBI. Kenya — Medical ex- 
perts spent Thursday collecting spe- 
cimens from Kenyans and Somalis 
stricken by an undiagnosed illness that 
has caused at least 45 people to hem- 
orrhage and die. 

The Somali Red Cross confirmed an 
outbreak in southern Somalia of a dis- 
ease similar lo that reported in Kenya. 
Red Cross officials said 42 people had 
died in Torotorow. All had nigh fevers 
and had vomited blood. 

Doctors in Kenya have confirmed 
three deaths in the town of Garissa. 
apparently from the same disease, and 
were trying to verify reports of 171 


but the World Health Organization said 
it was not known whether malaria had 
caused any other deaths. i \Pi 

Storms ’ Toll in Peru 

GENEVA — Floods and landslides 
in Peru caused by the El Nino weather 
phenomenon have affected nearly 
10.000 people, damaged 1.400 houses 
and destroyed crops," the UN Depart- 
ment of Humanitarian Affairs said. 

Several central and northern areas 
were cut off in December when roads 
and bridges were destroyed. Nine 
people were killed, and 2.763 hectares 
(6.820 acres) of banana and rice crops 
were destroyed. I Reuters ) 


Algeria Massacre Toll Is Doubled From First Estimate 


Camptitd tn Oar Staff FnmJJbportm 

ALGIERS — ■ The death toll in massacres 
early this week in Algeria was between 80 and 
120. or about twice as many as originally be- 
lieved, news reports said Thursday. 

The official death toll in three attacks 
overnight Tuesday in the Tiaret region, south- 
west of Algiers, was put at 59. 

It was the first rime since October that Al- 
gerian authorities had disclosed such deaths 
among civilians, though die attacks, which are 
usually attributed to Islamic militants,' have 
been frequent since then. 

The communique, however, did not indicate 
who was responsible for the killings. 

The independent dailies El Walan and 


Liberie reported Thursday that the massacres 
had left between 80 and 120 dead. 

The three massacres took place less than a 
week before the start of Ramadan, the Muslim 
holy month, which is often marked here by an 
upsurge of violence on the pan of Islamic 
militants. 

Muslim fundamentalists are trying to over- 
throw the military-backed government to create 
a state based on Koranic law. 

The insurgency began in early 1992 after the 
military canceled legislative elections that the 
fundamentalist Islamic Salvation Front was 
poised to win. It has claimed an estimated 
75,000 lives. 

As details were emerging of the massacres. 


Algeria took another step toward completing a 
parliamentary election as local authorities elect- 
ed in October started the selection of 96 mem- 
bers to the Council of the Nation, the upper 
house of Parliament. 

The governing party, the National Demo- 
cratic Rally, was expected to win most seats 
because it controls a large majority of the local 
authorities in Algeria’s 48 provinces. The vote 
is limited to members of the local authorities. 

President Liamine Zeroual will appoint the 
other 48 members of the 144-seat upper house, 
sealing his supporters’ dominance of Parlia- 
ment — which consists of the National As- 
sembly. elected in June, and the Council of the 
Nation. (AP. Reuters ) 


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INTERNATIONAL herald tribune 

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


A 



Durham and Salisbury: Spiritual Power in Stone 





The marble tomb of the Venerable Bede draws pilgrims to Durham. 


Secular and Religious History- 
In a Romanesque -Monument 


By Marlise Simons 

iVrw York Times Service 


URHAM. England — Cathe- 
drals, like castles, are about 
volume and power. Of the 
two, the cathedral normally 
soars higher and impresses the eye and 
the heart more deeply. At the same time, 
it proposes a puzzling contradiction: a 
mighty, physical presence that is meant 
to represent the intangible. 

One impressive English example of 
secular and spiritual power embraced in 
stone stands in the northern city of 
Durham. This great Romanesque ca- 
thedral, begun in the late 11th century, 
rides on a high rock plateau above a bend 
in the Wear River and from its com- 
manding position dominates the city and 
rolling fields and woods around it. 

At Fust sight, its massiveness con- 


veys awe and discipline rather than in- 
spiration. It dwarfs the nearby castle and 


spiration. It dwarfs the nearby castle and 
all else in Durham, a town of 80,000. It 
was intended this way. William the 
Conqueror ordered the cathedral and die 
castle to be built on this cliff to make a 
political and religious statement: This 
church and the defensive walls and 
gates surrounding it would seal the Nor- 
man's conquest of northeast England. 


More Than a Bulwark 


Set in the wild and desolate border 
country of Northumbria, Durham was 
well-placed to stop the marauding 
Scots. But more than a bulwark^ 
Durham cathedral became the Finest of 
the Romanesque churches in England. 
The architects, who almost certainly 
came from Normandy, used techniques 
that England had never seen. 

Over the great nave, they set a stone- 
ribbed vaulted ceiling that had not been 
tried on such a scale. Thus, while solv- 
ing the problem of wooden ceilings that 
were forever catching Fire, they also 
provided the building with a new sense 
of unity. It was a daring breakthrough. 

Today, the keepers of the cathedral 
like to ‘say how remarkably little this 
great building has changed in 900 years. 
The decorations inside, to be sure, were 
often altered or mutilated. But while 
earlv cathedrals elsewhere have sagged 
and’ shifted, and other Romanesque 
churches have been transformed, the 
mammoth of Durham stands with its 
mighty stonework and sturdy founda- 
tions intact, probably looking much as 
its builders left it. 

Curiouslv. it is the tombs of two 


beloved men that have given the ca- 
thedral life, drawing pilgrims from all 
over the country. One holds St Cuth- 
ben, a shepherd who became a bishop, 
is reported to have wrought miracles 
and, like an early St Francis, protected 
birds and other animals. He died in 687. 
Benedictine monks brought his remains 
to Durham in 995 and built a shrine on 
the site of the present sanctuary. 

The second tomb holds the Venerable 
Bede, an intellectual light in his age. By 
the time he died in 735, he had written 
biographies, treatises on poetry, on the 
Bible and on the measurement of time, 
and produced a history of England that 
remains a seminal source of knowledge 
aboot the Anglo-Saxon world. 

To get to die cathedral, it is best to go 
on foot through die handsome historic 
heart of Durham, which once prospered 
from mining coal and lead and today is a 
university town. The route goes up the 
city’s narrow and winding cobblestone 
streets. Some of die oldest houses here 
were built as inns and as modest homes 
for craftsmen. Up the hiQ, past the old 
defensive walls, tne Palace Green reveals 
itself as a great square. There, opposite 
the cathedral, is the 1 lth-century castle 
built for Durham's early prince-bishops. 

Today, the green and its medieval 
buildings are still very much in use. The 
whole castle complex is the seat of 
University College and. the heart of 
Durham University. Its great octagonal 
keep serves as a dormitory. 

From the green, you enter the ca- 
thedral door and step immediately into 
the mighty nave, begun in 1093. The 
first sight of it is breathtaking: a lineup 
of enormous columns that have an' al- 
most pagan rawness, with deep in- 
cisions of zigzag and lozenge patterns. 

Closer to the altar, the columns be- 
come spiraled, the architectural lan- 
guage of the sanctuary. The weight re- 
cedes as the eye is lifted up by two 
higher tiers of arches, then by the rib- 
bing on the ceiling. 



Fhi4uf3af«r. h) JuodhsinJta Mr The Nr» Y"*V Tm»-« 

Salisbury Cathedral's spire was a later addition; at right, the effigies of Sir Richard Mompcsson and his lady. 


A Cathedral Made Familiar 
Through Art and Literature 


)1 LAND' 


Mites 100 


.Durham 


North Sett 


! »" 


By Gillian Tindall 


S ALISBURY, England — We 
all feel we know Salisbury Ca- 
thedral, even if we have never 
been there. We have seen it 
rising above the water meadows by the 
Avon in paintings by Turner and Con- 
stable. Id our minds we place Thomas 
Hardy’s Jude there, working as a stone- 
mason at “Melchester,” and we know. 
— or believe we know — that the Ca- 
thedral Close is die setting for Anthony 
Trollope’s B archester novels. 

Recent writers, too, have been in- 
spired by this glory of Early English 
architecture, rising uncluttered out of its 
huge expanse of lawn: It is one of the 
most effortlessly, successful and homo- 
geneous of all the great European ca- 
thedrals. Yet its origins lay elsewhere 
and it was built on the present site 
almost by chance in the period of rel- 
ative peace between the reign, of King 
John and the arrival of the Black Death 
in the middle of die 14-tfa century. 

The 404-foot (123-meter) spire was 
one of die tallest edifices in the known 
world when it was constructed toward 
the end of the 13th century. You might 
expect this masterpiece of medieval tech- 
nology — for more advanced and daring 
for its day than die tallest skyscrapers of 
our own — to have extra-solid roots. Yet 
the whole cathedral stands on founda- 
tions of river gravel only four feet deep, 
and the spire was not at first part of the 
design. It was conceived and added. 


Brass door knocker, vintage 1140. 


If the great spaces of the church look 
unusually empty, there is good reason. 
Envoys of the vindictive Henry VTQ and 
later Protestants saw to it that, countless 
statues, ornaments and stained glass 
windows were smashed, and that paint- 
ings disappeared under whitewash. 


Much of what was left was damaged 
an astonishing episode in 1650. when 


in an astonishing episode in 1650. when 
Oliver Cromwell herded 3,500 Scottish 
prisoners into die cathedral. Starving 
and freezing, the men smashed the 
woodwork to feed their fires. 


T HE building is so rich in feeling 
and history that there are a number 
of ways to discover it. One is 
through music. Because it began as a 
monastery church, the building was for 
centuries filled with music, especially 
monks chanting in Latin. In the Middle 
Ages, there were at least four organs. 
There is now one great 17th-century 
organ, used for services and regular 
concerts. And the musical tradition is 
kept alive with the cathedral’s boys' and 
men's choir. 


BEHIND THE puzzli The fine 14th- 
centuty Gothic screen behind die main 
altar is also intact, although more than 
100 alabaster statues are gone from its 
niches. The screen was paid for by a 
noble family, theNevilles, and die stone 
brought from a famous quarry in Caen, 
France. It was first sent to London, 
where it was carved- From there, it was 
shipped to Durham and put together like 
a big Lego puzzle. Behind this puzzle, 
you find Sl Cuthbert’s tomb. 

Next to the cathedral are the cloisters 
and on the for side, the monk's refectory, 
which became a library in the 17th cen- 
tury. If you ask permission, you can go 
inside. The cathedral owns hundreds of 
medieval manuscripts, and 20,000 early 
printed books. “We believe it is the best 
.collection of monastic manuscripts in 
(he country,” Roger Norris, a librarian, 
said. "We go back to the seventh cen- 
tury, predating Durham itself." 

The oldest manuscript is still remark- 
ably intact. It is a seventh-century Bible 
with vivid scenes and illuminations in 
pen of fine blue, scarlet and black. The 
details are so p ainstakin gly drawn that 
they make you marvel at die discipline 
and skills of people who lived in the 
misnamed' Dark Ages. This Bible, 
known as the Durham Gospels, is more 
than a relic. The bishops of Durham still 
take their oaths on it. 


tone fort had long been abandoned 
when the Normans arrived in 1066 and 
soon after used it as a site for one of their 
royal castles. Within a decade, a ca- 
thedral, too, was going up at its foot 

Yet relations bkween the castle au- 
thorities and the ecclesiastical ones nev- 
er seem to have been easy. The place 
was windswept and waterless, the. sol- 
diers were troublesome — in short, 100 
years later a new. church site was re- 
quired. The bishop, a shrewd scholar 
and administrator inappropriately 
named Richard Poore, owned lands in 
the valley which were generously de- 
scribed as being similar to Paradise. 
Both Pope and crown were convinced 
that die cathedral should be relocated 
there, and the foundation stones were 
laid at a grandiose ceremony in.1220.. 

This was fivb yeareafter a group ©f 
prominent citizens, including William 
Longspee (Earl of Salisbury and King 
John's illegitimate* half-brother) and 
Elias of Dereham, a major canon of the 
cathedral, had coerced John into putting 
his seal to the declaration of citizens' 
rights known as Magna Charta. One of 
the four surviving cranes of this charter 
is-in the possession of the cathedral, and 
can be seen in the Chapter House. 

Thus die cathedral was taking shape 


bi$h Sea 


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channel 


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• <-T \ 


'Salisbury* 




laid bare by excavations in the last 100 
y ears v on a wide sheep pasture. 

* * Three of the early bishops from Sar- 
um, originally interred there, were taken 
down to the new home. Their tomb ef- 
figies, looking curiously flattened and 
unassuming by comparison wife die later 
recumbent figures that people the place, 
are there in the cathedral. So is William 


just when the focus of power was shift- 
ing. The dignitaries of Salisbury were 


been completed, by a master mason 
whose name we may never know, al- 
though William Golding depicts one 
possible scenario in “The Spire.” 

We do know that since the four main 
columns on which the tower and spire 
rest were not originally designed to sup- 
port such a weight, the builders con- 
structed into the thickness of the walls a 
system of stone buttresses to resist the 
thrust. Even so, the Puibeck marble 
pillars bent very slightly. 


ing. The digni taries of Salisbury were 
not a monastic order they were worldly 
men, drawing considerable wealth from 
landholdings, and it is their fine houses 
that surround the close today. It was the 
cathedral that created the city, rather 
than the other way about 


Longspee, buried while his ambitious 
church was being built around him. 

In the late 18th century a grand re- 
organization of the cathedral interior, 
with a new screen between nave and 
choir, the removal of some stained gloss 
and the demolition of two chapels." was 
undertaken by the architect James 
Wyatt Rather less than a century later 
another architect. Sir Gilbert Scon (a 
name associated with intrusive *'res- 




toration”) changed the screen again. 
This has now been removed, and the 


A FTER a bad period during the 
Civil War. life went on much as 
before; the buildings near die 
cathedral were put to nonecclesiastical 
uses in a piecemeal and und ramati c 
way. Today, three schools, including 
(he renowned choir school, are lodged 
around the close, and an attractive local 
museum occupies the house wh er e 
James I used to stay. 

By the end of the Middle Ages, S ar- 
um was decaying and was once again 
abandoned. In the mid- 14th century the 
old cathedral there was demolished and 
its fine Chilmaik facing stone from local 
quarries was transported to Salisbury to 
construct walls and gateways for the 
developing close. 

If you go and stand on the chalky, 
rubble-topped earthworks at Sarum (all 
that is left of William the Coaqueror’s 
castle) you can look down onto the old 
cathedral’s ghost — its foundations. 


Standing Firm 


Sir Christopher Wren measured the 
tilt of the spire (29.5 inches) in 1668, but 
no further shift has been measured 
since, and the whole thing still stands 
firm after 700 years. 

The beginnings of the cathedral do 
not lie here. For them, you must go to 
Old Sarum, an Iron Age earthworks two 
miles north of Salisbury. This prehis- 


entire sweep of die building from nave to 
high altar is on view. 

Go to the cathedral in the well-pop- 
ulated daytime, when a small army of 
volunteers provides information and 
collects donations for the unending 
costs of upkeep, and die light shines in 
like the water in the surrounding mead- 
ows. But see it at night too, when it 
seems to float on the dark close like an 
airy, floodlit ship. 

You might go to evensong, at 5:30 
most days. The music is exceptional: On 
the night I was there, little boys from the 
choir school in pie-dish ruffs sang their 
way matter-of-factly through the tra- 






way matter-of-factly through the tra- 
ditional service, keeping ar bay the Per- 
ils and Dangers of This Night — and the 
nights of the last seven centuries. 




Gillian Tindall, rhe author most re- ? 
certify of "Celesnne; Voices From a . 
French V tllage. ” wrote this for The New : 
York Times. 


& 


Going Down to Tel Aviv: Cafes and Chaos of Urban Israel 




By Serge Schmemann 

Ni w Yurt Times Service 


T EL AVIV — The predicament 
of Tel Aviv is that it must 
forever live in the shadow of 
Jerusalem. People talk literally 
of “going up" from the muggy seaside 
city to “Heavenly Jerusalem’' perched 
on a cool Judean hilltop 55 kilometers 
inland. There’s the difference in age of 
some 3.950 years, give or take a few 
centuries, and there's the difference in 
moral reputation between the un- 
abashedly sybaritic Tel Aviv and the 
Holy City of three great faiths. 

And there’s the hard fact that few 
visitors to Israel make Tel Aviv their 
primary stop. But then the people of Tel 
Aviv would have it no other way. In a 
land where everything seems to be con- 
troversial and contested, where every 
rock is suffused with symbolism, re- 
ligion. history, sacrifice and blood, Tel 
Aviv stands proudly 8 s an incontestably 
Israeli center of normal urban chaos, a 


1 ^ *r -v 


Rim Cradnauvn (urTbo No YorkTlmr* 


Folk dancing on the promenade. 


city of beaches, cafes, boutiques, traffic 
jams, scalding summers and great fun. 

A visitor wanting to see what the 50- 
year-old Jewish state is really all about— 


and a break from the intensity of the Holy 
Land — would do well to plunge into the 
casual, self-consciously secular and thor- 
oughly modem metropolis on the sea. 

This is not to say mat Tel Aviv is the 
Gomorrah that religious Jerusalemites 


make it out to 1 be. It is, however, the 
beautifully restored ancient port of Jaffa, 
with its fine little art shops and cozy 
restaurants. It is the long Mediterranean 
beach; the stately, broad boulevards 
shaded by sycamores, ficus and acacias; 
the loud Carmel market of the Yemenite 
Quarter, the unlikely parade of hippies 
and Hasidic Jews along Sheinkin Street, 
and the rediscovered elegance of die 
Bauhaus era in Lev Tel Aviv, the tri- 
angle-shaped “heart," where the city 
began when Jews fleeing cramped Jam 
laid out the first streets of a new city. 

Tel Aviv was bom in 1906 when 
those Jews staked a claim to 32 acres ( 13 
hectares) of sand to the north. Periods of 
poverty, hardship and prosperity fol- 
lowed, creating layers that make for 
striking contrasts. 

The city has been relatively free of 
security problems recently, but visitors 
should be aware that Tel Aviv has had 
diree terrorist attacks in the last three 
years, and concerned .travelers should 
watch for warnings or advisories. A 
general strike in early December ended 
after four days, and all services returned 
to normal. . 

Israel celebrates its 50th anniversary 


in 1998, but a breakdown in organi- 
zation has left the country with few 


special events planned for the year. 
Nonetheless, there is no shortage of 


Nonetheless, there is no shortage of 
things going on. 

The Tel Aviv Museum of Art, 27 
Shaul Hamelekh Boulevard, is a strik- 
ing showcase of 20th-century works, 
starting with the Roy Lichtenstein mural 
over the lobby. The current exhibition 
highlights Surrealism, with more than 
350 works from the Charles and Evelyn 
Kramer collection. The entrance fee, 
about $7.75 — $3.70 for students — (at 
the exchange rate of 3.25 shekels to the 
dollar). Sunday, Monday and Wednes- 
day 10 A.M. to 6 P.M., Tuesday to 10 


THE diaspora The Museum of the 
Jewish Diaspora at Tel Aviv University 
in die northern suburb of Ramat Aviv 
gives a broad introduction to the history 
of the Jews. Starting Jan. 21, it will have 
an exhibition on the Gaon of Vilna, a 
celebrated 18th-century Jewish scholar, 
an exhibit ofphotographs on the Jews of 
America by Frederic Brener begins Feb. 


12. The museum is accessible by Gate 2 
on Klansner Street Sunday, Monday 
Tuesday and Thursday 10 A.M. to 4 
P.M., Wednesday to 6 P.M., and Friday 
9 A.M. to 1 PJvL Admission $7.35. 

You might linger on the campus, with 
its contemporary buildings and many 
palms. The hilltop location offers a nice 
view to the Ayalon Valley. ‘ 

Fora charming glimpse of "old" Tel 
Aviv, the house or Haim Nachman Bi- 
alik, the greatest modem Hebrew poet, 
has been keptjust as it was at his rifwrh in 
1934. The house is a striking blend of 
international and Mideast styles, offer- 
ing a taste .of the cultured. European- 
derived world of Tel Ayiv in the 1920s. 
Admission to Bet Bialik Museum, 22 
Bialik Street, is free. Sunday to Thurs- 
day 9 AM. to 4:30 PAL, Saturday 10 
A.M. to 5 PM. 

A leading drama theater, Cameri, 101 
Dizengoff Street at Frishman Street, of- 
fers performances with English trans- 
lations through headsets on Tuesdays : 
On Dec. 30, die theater will show “Mr. 
Wolf," an Israeli comedy based on Ben 
Jonsoa’s “Volpone,” Tickets, $26 and 
$34 from (972-3).523-333 5. 

Tel Aviv proper (die city is formally 


called Tel Av*iv-Jaffa) is not a place of 

SC,-** or excursions in the tra- 
ditional sense. 

But it is a city with a distinct history 
and soul, which you can begin to ex- 
pmence with a walk along tlie heath 
Bren in winter, the waterfront is lively 

SIr ° te “ d Paddleball on 

2-30P fTOm 1 1:» A.M. 10 
2-30 PM, there is organized folk dan- 

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DINING 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 

THE CAR COLUMN 


RAGE 9 



Spicy Without Spice, 
And Service to Match 


By Patricia Wells 

tnccmariwial Herald Tribune 




AR1S — If this is, indeed, the 
real future of French cuisine. 


trendy, chic, with it That’s all fine as 
long as spices are used with intelligence 
and discretion. 

Bat that is not the case at Spicy. 
Examine the mean and you see that the 


then get me on the first plane fiery red pepper touted on the restanr- 
out. Trie latest offering in big ant's logo is nowhere to be found. Oh. 
city brasseries is Spicy, a large con- - ... 

temporary restaurant sporting scantily 
clad waitresses, overly friendly and 
misinformed waiters, and a menu aim- 


ing for broad, modem appeal. 

French politicians hoping to curtail 
the spread of the “American model” 
might as well close up shop. For Spicy 
embodies everything that is annoying 
about contemporary American restaur- 
ants: It’s noisy, the staff is falsely 
friendly and badly trained, and the food 
tastes as though it was created by a chef 
of minimal talent 

The name, of course, should tip you 
off. Spice is the word of the moment In 
music, in. perfumes, and in cuisine. 
Words such as garam masala and car- 
damom. cinnamon and ginger have all 
become code words for food that is 


there’s a touch of cardamom here and a 
dab of garam masala there, but mostly 
this is classic beef tartare and roast 
chicken country, with mashed potatoes 
for comfort. 

Of the several dishes sampled, only 
the Caesar salad can be recommended: 
Dubbed as “Iaf&meusesalade Cesar de 
Maite" (one of die restaurant’s direc- 
tors), this unorthodox salad of crispy 
romaine lettuce, bits of bacon, shavings 
of parmesan and a ] 

mg was 



Alfa Romeo: A Practical Passion 


By Gavin Green 



imi« v/i iaiwu, aim v 

esan and a properly acidic dress- 
satisfyingly delicious. 


TV» downsidi The grilled swordfish, 
espadon, was sadly overcooked, accom- 
panied by flavorless out-of-season . 
vegetables: a chunky sort of ratatouille 
of zucchini, e ggp lant and tomatoes. The 
roast chicken was just plain strange: 


GeMnfta^UfT 


mushy, tasteless, and coated with a 
glncy, nondescript "spicy” sauce. 

When we ordered the spicy, purple- 
red syrab wine, the waiter eagerly in- 
formed us it was '‘light, like a Macon 
wine.” Come a g a i n? 

It’s a sad statement on the state of 
French cuisine today. And it’s certain to 
be a huge success. 

Spicy, 8 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 
Paris 8; tel: 01-56-59-62-59. Fax: 01- 
56-59-62-50. Open daily. All major 
credit cards. Menus at 49 {for children 
only), 95 and 1 30 francs. A la carte, 170 
to 180 francs, including service but not 
wine. 


ARTS GUIDE 


: V ' 




bun br^' 


Some museums may be 
closed on Jan. I. We recom- 
mend you call before going. 

■ austr,a 

VlEMMA 

KunstHausWfen, tel: (1) 712- 
0495, open daily. Continuing/ To 
•Jan. 18: “HBrb Ritts: Work.” A pho- 
tographer of fashion and celebrity, 

Ritts (bom 1952) is drawn to pure 
lines and strong forms. The 200 
photographs include stuefes of the 
human body, African images, and 
portraits of celebrities. 

■ BRITAIN 

Edinburgh 

National Gallery of Scotland, tel: 

(131) 332-2266, open daily. Con- 
tinuing/ To Feb. 15: “Discovering 
the Italian Baroque: The Denis Ma- 
l hon Collection.” Brings together 
17th and 18th-century Italian paint- 
ings mat are part of the collection of 
Sir Denis Mahon, the art historian. 

London 

Tate Gallery, tel: (171) 887-8000, 
open dally. Continuing/ To Jan. 4: 

The Age of Rossetti, Burne-Jones 
and watts: Symbolism In Britain, 
1860-1910.” Works -by British and 
European Symbolist painters. • 

■ r««N«i — 

Dijon 

Musee des Beaux-Arts, tel: 03- 
80-74-52-70, dosed Tuesdays. To 
March 16: “Objets cfEtemtte; Rites 
at Mobilter Funeraires." Al-Fay- 
oum portraits, masks, jewelry, sar- 
cophagi and funerary furniture doc- 
ument Egyptian belief in life after 
death. 

Nice 

Musee d'Art Mode me et tf Art Contempo- 
raln, tel: 04-93-62-61-62, closed Tuesdays. 
Continufaig/lb March 16: “De Klein a Warhol: 
Face a Face FrancaflEtats-Unis." Focuses on 
the artistic exchanges between France and the 
United States In the 1 950s and ’60s with works 
by Arman, Christo, Klein, Oldenburg, Raysee 
and Tin gusty, among others. 

Puns 

Grand Palais, tel: 01-44-13-17-17, dosed 
Tuesdays. Continuing/ To Jan. 5: “Las 
Iberes”: to Jan. 12: "Pnxfhon, 1758-1823"; to 
Jan, 26: “Georges da La Tour, 1593-1652." 
Musee-Galerto de la Seita, tel: 01-45-56-61- 
48. closed Sundays. To Feb. 28: “Leon SpflH- 
aert Oeuvres de Jeunesse, 1900-1918” 
Work sd ominated by such themes as the North 
Sea, He in Ostend. female portraits and self- 
portraits by the Belgian painter (1881-1946). 
Mueee d'Orsay, tel: 01-40-49-48-14, dosed 
Mondays. Continuing/ 1b Jan. 18: "La Col- 
lection Havemeyer: Quand 1‘Amerique De- 
couvralt flmpresaonteme." 40 works by Mary 
Cassatt, Courbet, Degas, Monet and others 
'from the sugar baron's collection. Also to 
March 2: "WUhem HammershoL" A selection 
of paintings by the Danish artist (1864-1916). 
Petit Palais, tel: 01-42-65-12-73. dosed Mon-, 
days. Continuing/ To Feb. 15: “Marianne et 
Germania, 1788-1889: Un Slade de Passions 
Franco-AHemandes." Documents the history 
of Franco-German political and cultural reta- 
. Sons, and their transformation as German na- 
tionalism increased. Features 350 works. In- 
cluding paintings, drawings and sculptures as 
weUesHterary and musical documents. 


Berlin 

Deutsche Guggenheim, tel: (30) 3407-4134, 
open daily. Continuing' To Jan. 4: “Visions Of 
Pans: Robert Delaunay's Series." Views of the 
St. Sevarin church, the Etffal "fewer and the 
.-■'roofs of Paris seen through the French artist’s 
window. 

FMLRKnmt 

Scbrm Kimsthalle, tel: (69} 299-882-0. dosed 
Mondays. Continuing/ To March 1 : "Between 
‘“town and Earth,” Icons and illuminated 
nanuscnpts dating from the 14th to the 16th 
3 e ntunes, on loan from state museums In Mos- 

50W. 



In Vienna: Masai woman aritl child, by Herb Ritts. 


Hamburg 

DetehtorhaKen. tel: (40) 32-10-30, dosed 
Mondays. To Feb. 1: "Francis Pfcabia: Das 
Spatwerk, 1933-1953.” Late paintings and 
drawings by the French artist (1879-1953). 
During his last 20 years, Picabia alternated 
between figurative and abstract styles. 

■ ~ 

Jerusalem 

Israel Museum, tel: (2) 6708-811, open daily. 
To Jan. 31: “Propaganda and Vision: Soviet 
and Israeli Art, 1930-1955." Works created 
under Statin, on loan from the State Russian 
Museum in St Petersburg, are constrasted 
with Israeli works of the same period. 

■ ITALY 

Florence 

Palazzo Pfttf, tel: (55) 213-440, closed Mon- 
days. Continuing/ To Jan. 6: "The Magnif- 
icence of the Media Court." Art In Florence In 
the late 16th century. 

Rome 

Capita line Museum, Piazza del Camp- 
idoglio, tel: (6) 6710-2071 , dosed Mondays. 
Continuing/ To Jan. 20: “Henri Matisse: La 
Revelation m’est Venue de rOrienf Docu- 
ments the influence of Oriental art In Matisse's 
work. More than 250 of the artist's paintings, 
drawings and prints can be seen alongside 
rare Islamic, Coptic and Byzantine art 


LUXEMBOURG 


Casino Luxembourg, tel: 22-50-45, dosed 
Tuesdays. To Feb. 1: “Affirritee Electives: La 
Pointers Europeenne an Dialogue." Brings to- 
gether works by 50 European artists, such as 
Fontana, Dubuffet, Arman, Manzoni. Baselitz 
and Marlene Dumas. 




Amsterdam 

Rilksmusautn, tel: (20) 673-2121, open dafljA 
Continuing/ To March 3: "On Country Roads 
and FtekSa" A tribute to landscape art by 18th 
and 19th-century painters, such as Koekkoek, 
Wetssenbruch, Mauve, van Gogh and Mon- 
drian. 

StedeHJk Museum, tel: (20) 6732-911. open 
daily. Continuing/ To Jan. 25: "Kazimir 
Malevich." A collection of drawings In penefi. 


chalk, gouache, ink and waterool- 
ors by the Russian artist (1878- 
1935), one of the founders of ab- 
stract art. 

Rottemmm 

KunsthaJ, tel: (10) 44-00-321, 
dosed Mondays. To Jan. 1 B: “The 
School of The Hague: A Retro- 
spective.” More than 300 Dutch 
paintings by the marine painter 
Mssdag (1B31-1915), Joseph Is- 
raels (1824-1911), known as the 
“Dutch Mi Hat," and Anton Mauve 
(1838-1888), among others. 

■ SPAIH 

Madrid 

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte 
Refna Sofia, tel: (1) 14-67-50-62. 
closed Tuesdays. To Jan 12: 
“Fernand Leger." 200 paintings 
and drawings highlight the French 
artist's affinity with architecture, 
his work for the ballet, dnema and 
literature, and his strong political 
commitment. 

P SWITZERLAND 

Lausanne 

Musee Cantonal des Beaux- 
Arts; tel: (21) 312-83-32. closed 
Mondays. To Jan. 11: "Le Miroir 
Vrvant." The exhibition explores 
the contradiction between reality 
and the art it inspires through the 
works of Magritte, Marcel 
Broodthaers, Bruce Nauman and 
Markus Raetz. 

p~u M i ji p states 
Houston 

Museum of Fine Arts, tel: (713) 
639-7300, dosed Mondays. To 
April 1 2: “The Body of Christ in the 
Art of Europe and New Spain, 
1150-1800.” Features 75 paintings, sculp- 
tures, flluiranated manuscripts, prints and tex- 
tile. Included in the exhibition are works by 
Botticelli, Durer, Rubens, Tintoretto, Veronese 
and Zurbaran. 

New York 

Dahesh Museum, tel: (212) . To Feb. 21: 
“Rosa Bonheur, 1822-1699.” Allowed by the 
authorities to wear men's clothes, Rosa Bon- 
heur was able to visit markets, slaughter- 
houses and fairs and study the animals she 
would later depict In her paintings. Hie ex- 
hibition brings together 64 paintings, 49 draw- 
ings and watercolors and 9 sculptures and will 
travel to Barbizon, near Paris and New York. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, tel: (1) 212- 
570-3791, dosed Mondays. To Jan. 11: "The 
Drawings of FSppino Lippi and His Code." The 
exhibition brings together 117 drawings by the 
Italian draftsman (1457-1504) and his con- 
temporaries in Florence: Botticelli, Piero d Co- 
Elmo and Raphael. . Also, to Feb. 8: "Jackson 
Pollock: Sketchbooks and Drawings.” Three 
early sketchbooks, ranging from the mid- 
1930s to 1940 as well as a selection of draw- 
ings, tty the American Expressionist painter 
(1912-1956). 

Washington 

Arthur M. Sadder Gallery, tel: (202) 357- 
2700, open daily. To March 8: "Twelve Cen- 
turies of Japanese Art from the imperial Col- 
lections.” More than 50 paintings and 20 works 
of calligraphy document the artistic patronage 
of Japanese emperors from the 9th to the 20th 

century. 

National Portrait Gallery, tel: (202) 357-2700. 
open daily. To Jan. 25: "Edith Wharton's World: 
Portraits of People and Places." More than 1 00 
paintings, miniatures, manuscripts and mem- 
orabilia from (he author's life (1862-1937). In- 
cludes portraits of her contemporaries and 
paintings by Pissarro and Chikte Hassam that 
capture the places Wharton loved. 

CIOSIMOtOON 

Dec. 28: "Sensation: Young British Artists from 
the Saatchl Collection." Paintings, sculptures, 
videos and photographs. Royal Academy of 
Arts, London. 

Dec. 30: "Noldd: Nature and Religion.” Fun- 
daefon Juan March, Madrid. 

Dec 31: "Treasures of Mount Aihos." The 
Museum of Byzantine Culture, Thee- 
cahxiDd. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 


J 'A- 






A 


T WO of New York*s best- 
Known bridge personal- 
ities have turned a bridge 
Mnnership into a life part- 
nership. Sue Picus, who has 
jvon two world titles and ad- 
ied to her collection of na- 
lonal victories in St. Louis 
2 s1 month, was married in 
■Manhattan to Barry Rigal, 
*bo ^ one 0 f * c busiest 
Jndge writers on the planeL 
The ‘ diagrammed deal 
griped them finish 10th in the 
1994 World Mixed Pairs in 
^Ibuquenjue. New Mexico. 
■ ji four spades, Rigal as South 
eceived a helpful trump 
He captured the queen 
vnh the king, led to die jack 


and played a club to the king. 
West won with the acc and led 
his remaining trump, won 


NORTH (D> 
♦ A J8S 
OA43 
0 382 
*862 


WEST 
*1092 
075 
O QIAOS 
+ A JI05 


EAST 
*Q5 
0 J902 
OKS4 
*Q843 


SOUTH 
*K»74 
O K Q 108 
OATS 
^ K 7 

Monh and Sooth were vulnerable 
■n* bUMlng: 

North Bant 
Pass » 

S* P*“ 

3 N.T. P*»» 

Pea* 

West led spnde two. 


South 

Wen 

I N.T. 

Puss 

a o 

Paw 

4 ♦ 

Paw 


with dummy's ace. Another 
club lead was won by East, 
who' played a third club. 
South ruffed, reaching the 
tricky position, shown at 
left 

South led a low diamond, 
and West erred by taking the 
queen. A club lead was ruffed 
in dummy, and East was 
squeezed. Rigal and Picus 
earned almost all the match 
points for making game. 

If West had played low in 
rile diagrammed position, 
dummy’s nine would have 
been played, losing to the 
king. East would return a dia- 
mond, and South would take 
the ace. 

Now West’s diamond play 
would be- crucial. If he 
routinely, played low. Sooth 


would be able to place him 
with an original distribution 
of 3-2-4-4 and guess to fin- 
esse in hearts at the finish. 
But if he played the diamond 
10. the card he was known to 
hold. South would be likely 
to mis guess in die ending. 

NORTH 

* 8 ' 

•PA43 
O J92 

A — 


WEST 

A — 

<075 
O Q 10 6 3 

A J 


EAST 
A — 

S J962 
e K84 


SOUTH 

* — 

V K Q Id 8 
O A 75 


LFA ROMEO has long 
played the motoring equiv- 
alent of die Italian operatic 
i heroine: beautiful, char ming 
moody, fragile and, in many cases, 
short-lived. Loads of people love Alfas. 
But — unfortunately for Alfa — few 
actually buy than. 

Poor quality control — arguably the 
worst of any Western carmaker, at least 
until recently — has cost the company 
dear. It no longer sells cars in the United 
States, for Americans will noi put up 
with vehicles that fail to deliver their 
primary function: providing transport. 
Europeans, usually less practical but 
more passionate, will often endure 
something that occasionally gives grief, 
as long as it also gives pleasure. 

That’s always been Alfa’s saving 
t. The cars have rusted, they have 
jken down, and trim has been dis- 
carded on the roadside, like a snake 
shedding its skin. But they usually look 
lovely, sound great, and deliver loads of 
smiles per gallon. 

The problem for Alfa is that the Ger- 
mans — who have always made cars 
more solidly — are now also making 
cars that have as much soul. BMW, 
more than any other maker, produces 
what Alfa always promised to, but never 
quite delivered: great-looking and great- 
driving cars that don’t break down, stay 
in one piece and don’t resemble colan- 
ders after their first whiff of salt Audi, 
too, is gening in on the act Alfa, once 
the master ofcharismatic sports sedans, 
was now merely a sales also-ran. 

A Change Has Come 

Until now. Fiat, which bought Alfa 
from the Italian state in 1987; has been 
slowly but surely improving the most 
tongue- curlingly romantic name in mid- 
priced motoring. Now, in the new 156, 
Alfa has a car that not only preserves 
those time-honored Alfa values, it en- 
hances many of them. Yet it also leavens 
them with sensible, practical values. 

Let’s stan with the passionate side to 
the car. The 156 looks fabulous. It is a 
curvaceous machine that appears as 
though it’s made from gently folded 



quality fabric rather than steel, so fetch- 
ing and subtle are some angles. There are 
a couple of touches of true design genius. 
The subtle incorporation of the rear-door 
handles into window area makes the car 
look like a two-door, and it’s all the 
sportier for that. 

The 156 also handles sharply, rides 
with amazing suppleness considering its 
sporty mien, and sounds tike there’s an 
orchestra under the hood rather than just 
a collection of reciprocating and spin- 
ning metal components. The top-of-the- 
range V6 engine is the most melodious, 
although the 2.0 Twin Spark, as tested, 
is also marvelously musicaL Even the 
new turbodiesel engines — revolution- 
ary “common rail” direct-injection 
units, set to give the struggling diesel 
concept a new lease of life — sound 
good. All the engines go well, the turbo- 
diesel most surprisingly so. 

Fine — but what about the sensible 
side, the reasons thai people usually buy 
BMWs or T oyotas rather than Alfas? For 
starters, construction quality on our test 
car seemed good. Hat has made huge 
strides with its own cars over the past 
three or four years, so it's not altogether 
a shock to find that the good work has 
finally filtered its way down to Alfa. 

The cabin is roomy, and compares 
well with the BMW 3- series and die Audi 
A4 (Alfa’s real target care), even if it’s 
pot as commodious as sportier versions 


of the VW Passat or the Volvo S40. 
against which the Italian also competes. 
The cabin trim is excellent, with soft-feel 
surfaces and crisply molded switches, 
although the wood on the test car looked 
as though it came from a tube not a tree. 

Downsides include a ridiculously 
large steering radius and one or two 
safety omissions. There are. for in- 
stance, no side airbags. Otherwise, there 
are few compromises. The 156 is a car 
that enchants, and one that offers a real 
alternative to those who may be starting 
to tire of yet another BMW 3-series or 
Audi A4 when the time comes for a new 
car. 

T HE 156 has just won the European 
Car of the Year award from a 56- 
person jury that traditionally puts 
practical, sensible virtues ahead of Italian 
operatic-style passion. It’s the first time 
that an Alfa has won the award, and it did 
so by one of the biggest margins ever. 

• Alfa Romeo 156. About $30,000. 
Four-cylinder, 16-valve engine. 2.0 
liters. 155 BHP. Five-speed manual 
transmission, front-wheel drive. Top 
speed: 210 kph (130 mph). Acceler- 
ation: 0- 1 00 kph in 8.4 seconds. Average 
fuel consumption: 9.7 liters/1 00km. 
Next: The Mercedes-Benz CLK 


Covin Green is the editor in chief of 
Car magazine. 


MOVIE GUIDE 


Titanic 

Directed by James Cameron. US. 

The long-awaited advent of the most 
expensive movie ever made, the re- 
portedly $200 million “Titanic,' ’ brings 
history to mind, and not just the le- 
gendary seafaring disaster of April IS, 
1912. Think back also, exactly 58 years 
ago, to the Dec.- 19 New York premiere 
of another grand, transporting love story 
set against a backdrop of pridefiil excess, 
cataclysmic upheaval and character-de- 
fining trial by fire. Recall how that cul- 
tural landmark wowed audiences with 
its bravado, mad extravagance and state- 
of-the-art Hollywood showmanship, all 
fueled by one unstoppable filmmaker 
and his obsessive imagination. Just as 
David O. Selznick had Atlanta to bum, 
now James Cameron has a ship to sink, 
but he also has much more than calamity 
to explore in this gloriously retrograde 
new epic. Cameron’s magnificent “Ti- 
tanic” is the first spectacle in decades 
that honestly invites comparison to 
“Gone With the Wind.” What a rarity 
that makes it in today’s world of mean- 
ingless gimmicks and short attention 
spans: a huge, thrilling three -and- a- 
quarter-hoor experience that unerringly 
lures viewers into the beauty and heart- 
break of its lost world. Astonishing tech- 
nological advances are at work here, but 
only in the service of one spectacular 
illusion: that the ship is afloat again, and 
that the audience is intimately involved 
in its voyage. What’s more, Cameron 
succeeds magically in linking his film’s 
young lovers, played enchantingly by 
Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet, 
with established details of the * ‘Titanic’ ’ 
story. And let's not forger the offscreen 
drama: Delayed release and outrageous 



From “For Richer or Poorer.” 

costs made “Titanic” the joke of the- 
summer. Now it’s the movie of the year. 
Though the tender moments in Camer- 
on’s earlier films have mostly involved 
Arnold Schwarzenegger. graceful 
storytelling from this one-man army of a 
filmmaker (a director, a producer, a 
writer and an editor) is the biggest of 
many surprises here. Cameron rises to 
the occasion with a simple, captivating 
narrative style, one that cares little for 
subtlety but overflows with wonderful, 
well-chosen Hollywood hokum. In its 
own sobering way, the film is forward- 
looking, too, as its early brashness gives 
way to near-religious humility when the 
moments of reckoning arrive. Ulti- 
mately a haunting tale of human nature, 
with endless displays of callousness, 
gallantry or cowardice, it offers an un- 
forgettable vision of millennium-ready 
unease in the sight of passengers adrift in 


icy seas on that last, moonless night. 
That Cameron allowed flashlights into 
what should have been a pitch-black 
sequence is one of the rare times when 
“Titanic" willingly departs from es- 
tablished facL Otherwise, with an at- 
tention to detail that goes well be- 
yond fanatical, the film flawlessly re- 
creates its monument to Gilded Age 
excess. (Janet Maslin. NYT\ 

For Richer or Poorer 

Directed by Bryan Spicer. US. 

As art forms go, comedy is so demanding 
that practitioners probably should be re- 
quired to pass a licensing examination 
before they are loosed on the public. As 
in plastic surgery or litigation, mediocrity 
can be painful Take, for example, “For 
Richer or Poorer,” the new romantic 
comedy starting Tim Allen and Kirstie 
Alley as husband and wife — obnoxious 
partying parvenus from Manhattan who 
take refiige among Amish farmers after 
his peculating accountant exposes them 
to Internal Revenue Service hell. Among 
simple people and simple virtues, this 
unhappy couple of conspicuous con- 
sumers rediscover the true values, which 
include marital love. Sounds like fun; 
plays like a rough draft. Jay O. Sanders 
gives an appealing performance as the 
dignified but not humorless Amish farm- 
er who is led to believe that the be- 
draggted couple at his doorstep are dis- 
tant cousins; Larry Miller pumps some 
energy into the proceedings as an 
overzeaJous IRS agent, and Marla 
Maples, fittingly, appears as one of 
the ladies who lunch with Caroline Sex- 
ton. But “For Richer or Poorer,” prom- 
ising laughs, never serves up its main 
course. (Lawrence Van Gcldcr, NYT ) 


BOOKS 


BLUE: 

The Murder of Jazz 

By Eric Nisenson. 262 pages. $22.95. St. 
Martin’s. 

BLUES UP AND DOWN: 

Jazz in Our Time 

By Tom Piazza. 194 pages. $21.95. Si. 
Martin’s. 

Reviewed by David Nicholson 

E VERY once in a while (well, truth 
be told, a lot more often), I read a 
book and I wonder why the author felt 
compelled to write it and the publisher 
to issue iL Such is the case with these, 
one complaining that jazz is, if not dead, 
then in poor health; the other insisting 
that jazz is as vital as it ever was. 

Pan of my skepticism stems from the 
feet that jazz, the most American of 
musics and an important part of the 
shared national mythology, now seems 
increasingly irrelevant Washington, 
which boasts only two jazz nightclubs 
and whose rally real jazz station went off 
the air just a few weeks ago, is a case in 
point But the movement of jazz to the 
peripheries has happened all over the 
country; one unmistakable sign is that 
the genre accounts for only 3 percent of 
all CDs sold. 

There’s probably room for a book (and 
maybe even two) offering a thoughtful 
analysis of the situation, but you won’t 
find that here. What you’ll find, instead, 
is no more than a tempest in a trumpet 
mute over the future of the music. 

Eric Nisenson (author of books cm 
John Coltrane and Miles Davis) isn’t 
Optimistic. Jazz, he contends, “once one 


of the most consistently progressive and 
visionary cultural welisprings in Amer- 
ican life is increasingly becoming a suf- 
focatingly arid and reactionary desert.” 
The problem, for him, centers on 
younger musicians like Wynton Mar- 
salis. Joshua Redman and Roy Har- 
grove. Though they are dubbed “neo- 
classicists” by some, Nisenson thinks 
they are more properly revivalists stuck 
in the bebop and hard-bop styles of the 
’40s and ’50s. He admires their prodi- 
gious technique and encyclopedic 
knowledge of jazz history and styles, 
but finds their playing fundamentally 
soulless. Worse, they have failed to 
bring anything new to die music, play- 
ing instead forms that were brought to 
fruition decades ago. 

“Yes, it is important for both mu- 
sicians and fens to know the wonderful 
legacy of jazz.'’ Nisenson writes. “But 
for jazz itself such things as repertory 
and revivalism, even if successful, have 
little bearing on jazz being able to sur- 
vive as a creative art form. If jazz mu- 
sicians — especially young jazz mu- 
sicians — cannot find ways to build on 
that legacy and create music that reflects 
the reality of their own lives here and 
now, jazz cannot survive. ” 

Tom Piazza disagrees vehemently, 
and champions Marsalis and his cohort. 
For him. criticism of the neoclassicists 
is racist, with patronizing (white) “jazz- 
is-feeling” reviewers who “feel con- 
sciousness is a curse” indulging in “a 
myth of bogus privatism.” Instead of 
respecting toe musicians for what they 
do, he charges, these critics are guilty of • 
wanting to “keep [jazz] a wild and 
un civilized place, contained and turned 
into a kind of game preserve.” 


I suppose there is some truth to each 
of these positions but, as I’ve said. I'm 
not sure the argument as conducted 
here is really worth having. Then, too, 
though on one level these books may 
be on opposite sides of the debate about 
the state of jazz in the ’90s. on others 
there are some uncomfortable simil- 
arities. 

Inexcusably, both authors indulge in 
a mean-spiritedness that does nothing to 
elevate their arguments and everything 
to fry the reader’s patience. Thai sin is 
compounded by the fact that these 
books are essentially frauds, padded-out 
essays masquerading as books. 

I N toe end, though, what's most dis- 
appointing is that each of these books 
is really a long magazine article filled 
out — in Nisenon's case with a history 
of jazz, and in Piazza's case with pre- 
viously published magazine articles and 
newspaper reviews. 

Though Nisenson claims he has to 
“explore what had made jazz and toe 
jazz revolution” to "explain what is 
wrong with toe current mainstream of 
jazz, ’ ’ the truth is that those who already 
know something about toar history will 
find tittle new here, while those who 
don’t probably won’t be reading this 
book. 

And, as for Piazza’s reprinted ar- 
ticles, with one or two exceptions they 
are the kind of thing most critics and 
reviewers forget once they've been paid 
for them. Piazza should have done the 
same. 


David Nicholson, a Washington 
writer, wrote this for The Washington 
Post. 




•«s 













































































































































'Ipl 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 


FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


PAGE 11 


; V. 

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Settlement Is Reached 
On Nasdaq Price Fixing 

30 Brokerages Agree to Pay Out $900 Million 


By David Barboza 

New York Times Service 


lapses. SEC officials also said they were 


NEW YORK — Thirty brokerage 
firms, including some of the biggest and 
F most misted names on Wall Street, have 
agreed to pay about $900 million to end 
a civil suit contending they schemed 
with one another for years to fix prices 
on the Nasdaq stock market 

Lawyers for the p lain tiffs in the class- 
action lawsuit, which represented tens 
of thousands of investors, called it the 
biggest settlement of a price-fixing law- 
suit in history. 

The settlement, reached Wednesday, 
also is one of die biggest ever in die 
history of U.S. financial markets. It is 
distinctive because most investor com- 
plaints about Wall Street cheating his- 
torically have focused on theft and 
fraud, not collusion among competing 
brokers to fix prices of stocks. 

“The size of the settlement indicates 
that the allegations made were pretty 
serious,” said Alan Bromberg, an ex- 
pert in securities law at Southern Meth- 
odist University. “This is the first time 
antitrust law has been used in the se- 
curities area in a major way.** 

The plaintiffs had contended that be- 
tween 1989 and 1994 much of the stock 
trading done via the Nasdaq market was 
manipulated by brokers, who inflated 
the spreads, or the difference between 
the price stocks are bought and sold, in 
order to reap higher profits. 

•They did it on the buy side and they 
did it on the sell side,” said Robert 
Skimick. an attorney for the plaintiffs. 
“Whether you were buyer or a seller 
you were damaged.” 

For instance, if an investor asked to 
buy shares at $20,123. a broker might 
. return with shares bought at $20.25 say- 
k ing the shares were unavailable at the 
r cheaper price. The broker would then 
pocket the difference. In deals where 
hundreds Of thousands of shares were 
traded, that spread of 123 cents could 
be a large sum of money. 

The plaintiffs sought to show brokers 
priced shares that typically would give 
them a 12.5 cent profit on each share 
traded. If a broker listed a price too 
cheaply, Mr. Skimick said, that broker 
would be pressured by competitors. 

A year ago, about 24 Wall Street 
firms sealed similar Nasdaq price-fix- 
ing charges with die Justice Department 
by agreeing to forbid certain pricing 
practices and enhance regulatory over- 
sight 

At about die same time, the Securities 
and Exchange Commission sanctioned 
the National Association of Securities 
Dealers — which operates the Nasdaq 
market — for oversight and regulatory 


To Our Readers 

Most financial markets were 
closed on Thursday for the Christ- 
mas holiday. The world market 
tables on Page 13 reflect trading in 
Bangkok and Tokyo. 



While the settlement reached Wed- 
nesday is huge, it is not expected to 
seriously affect the earnings of any of 
the brokerages. 

None of the defendants in the set- 
tlement. which included Merrill Lynch 
& Co.. Goldman, Sachs & Co. and Mor- 
gan Stanley, Dean Witter Discover & 
Co., admitted wrongdoing. 

Their payments raised the total 
amount paid by brokerage firms to more 
than $1 billion since 1994, when law- 
yers representing investors first brought 
the suit. That includes a $98 million 
settlement paid a year ago by six other 
firms facing s imilar accusations. 

The total amount of the settlement is 
not far behind the $1.5 billion paid out 
by Prudential Securities Inc. for de- 
frauding hundreds of thousands of in- 
vestors in the sale of limited partner- 
ships. 

But because the price-fixing settle- 
ment sum was spread among more than 
30 brokerages, no single firm’s total 
approached die Prudential figure. 

Merrill Lynch, which will pay the 
highest amount because the firm’s trad- 
ing accounted for the largest share of the 
Nasdaq market, will contribute about 
$100 million. 

If a federal judge agrees to the terms 
of the settlement, the payments would 
be placed in an interest-bearing escrow 
account and then be paid out to investors 
beginning in 1999, lawyers for the 
plaintiffs sa id, 

That means almost any investor who 
bought or sold shares on the Nasdaq 
market — and that figure could be well 
into the millions — may be reimbursed 
in the future. 

But exactly how much an investor 
might receive would depend on how 
much trading die investor did. Lawyers 
still must devise a formula for deter- 
mining investor compensation, and a 
judge must still determine how plaintiff 
lawyers will be paid. 

Altogether, more than 1 ,600 different 
securities were affected by price-fixing 
practices, plaintiff lawyers said 

The settlement document makes clear 
that die Wall Street firms continue to 
deny the accusations of wrongdoing in 
the lawsuit. Most defendants declined to 
comment beyond that. Nasdaq also de- 
clined to comment 

But Merrill Lynch issued a statement 
that read: “Although we believe our 
practices were entirely proper, it made 
no sense to continue litigating the merits 
of practices that are no longer followed 
when the matter could be resolved on an 
industry-wide basis.’’ 

One Wall Street firm refused to join 
the settlement. B anc America Robertson 
Stephens Inc., based in San Francisco, 
said it had no reason to believe it en- 
gaged in price fixing. 

Attorneys for the investors said they 
would press ahead with the case against 
BancAmerica Robertson Stephens. 



Vanm hshdan/lb- V« M Tor, 

The American Girl of Today doll uses a wheelchair. Toymakers are hoping to tap a growing market. 

Toymakers Come Back to Reality 

Companies Find a Growing Market in Toys for Disabled Children 


By Dana Canedy 

New York Times Service 


NEW YORK — Carol Connell had 
heard about Sing and Snore Ernie, 
Beanie Baines and all the other hot 
holiday toys. Yet she was at a loss for 
what to buy her nephew, Joe Longhini, 
who is 4 and has cerebral palsy. 

So Ms. Connell called Joe's parents, 
who suggested a Toys 'R’ Us catalog 
highlighting toys (teemed beneficial 
“for differently abled kids.” 

“Urey just told me about three 
things in the catalog, and I went right 
out and bought them.” Ms. Connell 
said, who lives in Wilmette, Illinois. 

One is a Spiral Speedway plastic 
corkscrew auto track that sends cars 
racing with the press of a large lever. 
The family hoped it would help Joe 
develop better hand-eye coordina- 
tion. 

The regular catalog tries “to give 
guides by age,” said Robin Zuizwski, 
Joe’s mother, “but often that doesn’t 
work. With tire catalog for disabled 


kids, someone has gone to a lot of 
trouble picking those kinds of toys that 
help a lot with early development 
skills and are still interesting enough 
for nondisabled kids or adults to play 
with.” 

In what parents of handicapped 
children say is a long-overdue industry 
awakening, toy companies are in- 
creasingly making products specifi- 
cally for children with physical and 
mental disabilities or promoting tra-. 
ditional toys that are best suited to 
these children. 

The American Academy of Pedi- 
atrics estimates that at least 6 million 
U.S. children have some form of dis- 
ability, ranging from learning dis- 
orders to severe mental and physical 
handicaps. Tile number has increased 
by about 20 percent in the past decade 
as survival rates have risen for pre- 
mature babies and for infants with 
ailments that were once usually fatal. 

Tbe U.S. market for toys for han- 
dicapped children is as much as $2 
billion a year, according to the Toy 


Manufacturers of America, and could 
grow faster than the $20.7 billion toy 
market as a whole. 

To tap that market further, Mattel 
Inc. introduced a Barbie friend in a 
wheelchair this spring, Share a Smile 
Becky. The doll sold out in two weeks. 
Since then, Mattel has sold more than 
100,000 of the $25 dolls and has been 
unable to keep up with demand. 

Little Tikes Co. had a run on its 
patio doll houses after it introduced 
advertisements this summer featuring 
a handicapped child to show that the 
child-sized houses had been modified 
to make them wheelchair-accessible. 

In tbe five years since the toy 
makers' group began producing a 
guide to toys for blind children, dis- 
tribution has grown to 80,000 from 
20 , 000 . 

Toymakers and retailers no doubt 
hope that if they do a better job mar- 
keting to families with disabled chil- 
dren, they will generate good will with 

See TOYS, Page 13 


NEC Plans 
To Inject 
Funds Into 
U.S. Unit 

Computer Company 
To Get Loan and Sell 
Stock in Bid to Be No . I 

Reuters 

TOKYO — NEC Corp. said Thurs- 
day it aimed to make an initial public 
offering of shares in Packard Bell-NEC 
Inc., its U.S. personal-computer affil- 
iate, by the end of 1998. 

Tbe Japanese electronics company 
also said it would provide $300 million 
in support to Packard Bell-NEC and that 
20 percent of the amount would be 
guaranteed by Groupe Bull of France. 

The company also will increase its 
share of stock with voting rights in 
Packard Bell-NEC to 49 percent from 
19.84 percent. 

Seijiro Yokoyama. an NEC executive 
vice president, said that support of $300 
million would not have an impact on 
NEC’s 1997-98 group earnings fore- 
cast 

Mr. Yokoyama said the loan was 
necessary to support Packard Bell- 
NEC, whose business has been hurt by 
falling prices of home computers. 

He said that the U.S. company needed 
to cultivate the corporate market. 

“The loan is pan of the global 
strategy of NEC to be the No.l com- 
puter seller in the world,” Mr. Yokoy- 
ama said. 

He said part of the loan was to be 
repaid from cash raised through the ini- 
tial public offering in Packard Bell- 
NEC. 

He also said the U.S. unit would 
generate enough profit to repay the 
rest 

Packard Bell-NEC is 19.99 percent 
owned by NEC and 20 percent by 
Groupe Bull, with the rest held by 
private owners. 

NEC already has increased its in- 
vestment in Packard Bell-NEC several 
times, including an acquisition of non- 
voting convertible preferred stock in 
April 1996 and a transfer of assets in 
July 1996. 

According to Dataquest Corp.. a mar- 
ket-research company, Packard Bell- 
NEC was the fifth-biggest vendor of 
personal computers worldwide in the 
third quarter of this year. 

The company’s shipments declined 
7.6 percent, to 940,000, during the 
quarter, giving it a 4.6 percent share of 
the worldwide market after a sales war 
between PC powerhouses Compaq 
Computer Corp. and Dell Computer 
. Corp., Dataquest said, 

A separate survey by International 
Data Corp. said that NEC and Packard 
Bell-NEC together controlled 10.2 per- 
cent of the world computer market, the 
second largest share after Compaq 
Computer , which controls 10.3 per- 
cent 


I' 

JF’ 

i-iVV 


While U.S. Fiddles on Fast-Track, Chile Looks Elsewhere for Trade 






.•r'J, . 

‘ — '**• 

’4. -* i - 


By Anthony Faiola 

Washington Post Senict 


SANTIAGO — For most of the 
& 1990s, Chile has been America’s jilted 
T sweetheart Proposed as the next coun- 
try u> sign a free-trade accord with the 
United States, the counny has been left 
at the altar as the political debate over 
presidential powers to consummate 
such accords rages in Washington. 

Tired of waiting for President Bill 
Clinton to win so-called fast-track au- 
thority, Chile, the region's most liber- 
alized economy, has gone courting other 
beaus, U.S. companies say they are the 
losers; one recent study indicates U.S. 
firms are missing out on $480 million in 
business a year without an accord, partly 
k> Canadian and Mexican companies 
whose governments have already signed 
free-trade agreements with Chile. 

Although Chile's market of 14 mil- 


lion people is small and no one suggests 
losses here will have a significant im- 
pact on the U.S. economy, free-trade 
proponents say the situation has evolved 
as an ominous lesson on the price of 
American protectionism. 

As Chile has signed free-trade agree- 
ments with other countries, the increase 
in imports of U.S. products has slowed 

ECONOMIC SCENE 

from a 43 percent jump in 1995 to 
almost zero growth in 1997. In part, that 
is because Chile's accords with Mexico 
and Canada have made products from 
those countries more competitive. But it 
is also because such multinationals as 
Chrysler Corp. and International Busi- 
ness Machines Corp. have stopped ship- 
ping many products from U.S. factories 
to Chile, switching instead to products 
made in their Canadian and Mexican 


lilean trade authorities say. 

Far Chfle,wbicb began free- trade talks 
with the Bush administration, the stick- 
ing point of late has been Mr. Clinton's 
inability to win renewal of fast-track au- 
thority, which would give him power to 
negotiate trade agreements that Congress 
can approve or reject but not change. 

Congressional opponents, primarily in 
the president’s Democratic Party, insist 
that environmental and labor standards 
must be mandated in the legislation io 
ensure fair competition. Supporters ar- 
gue that setting such restrictions in stone 
would effectively prevent good faith ne- 
gotiations with other countries. 

While they argue, * ‘the simple reality 
is that U.S. companies are losing down 
here because Washington can’t solve 
this delate over free trade." said Al- 
exander Fernandez, president of the 
American Chilean Chamber of Corn- 


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merce. “There is cleariy a lack of un- 
derstanding of the economics involved. 
Every day they put this off, our position 
down here is slipping away.’’ 

While generally endorsing labor and 
environmental practices in Chile, fast- 
track opponents say die line must be 
held here nevertheless because the 
Chilean accord will be an example.for 
future trade agreements. 

“The agreement with Chile will be- 
come the model for the ottos that the 
United States enters into," said Tbea Lee. 
assistant director of public policy for the 
AFLrCIO, the largest U.S. labor group. 
“We therefore have a basic principle of 
fair labor that must be included.” 


Since the United States entered into 
the North American Free Trade Agree- 
ment with Canada and Mexico in 1993, 
Chile has sought membership. But as 
the United States has been unable to 
pursue serious negotiations without 
fast-track, Chile decided to sign its own 
“raini-NAFTAs” with Canada and 
Mexico. As a result, Chile has dropped 
its 1 1 percent across-the-board duty on 
most imports from those countries. 

In close bidding races for business, the 
1 1 percent drop can make an important 
difference, company executives say. For 
instance, when VTR Telecommunica- 
tions. a major Chilean cable and tele- 
phone provider, recently solicited bids to 


7VS 
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7V4 

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7*» 

7*» 

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3J0 3J0 

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3V*. 

yv» 

3M 3>Vm 
522 5-21 


3V5 

3% 



CUTTING BACK — Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto walking 
to a cabinet meeting Thursday to discuss a tighter budget. Page 13. 


modernize its equipment, the short list 
included Canada's Northern Telecom 
Inc. and two U.S. companies. Lucent 
Technologies Inc. and Motorola Inc. The 
Canadian company won the $180 million 
contract, partly because of the 1 1 percent 
difference, those close to the deal say. 

'‘There's no doubt it helped us,” said 
Juan Luis Gutierrez, general manager 
for Northern Telecom in Santiago. "Of 
course, I think there were plenty of other 
reasons we won. but all things being 
equal, 11 percent can make the dif- 
ference and help get a contract.” 

There has also been a boom in the 
number of U.S. companies shipping 
products from plants in Canada or Mex- 
ico to Chile. Until this summer. 
Chrysler had been selling minivans here 
that were made at its St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, plant, then it switched to im- 
porting those made at its plant in 
Ontario to capitalize on lower tariffs. It 
is now shipping Neons from its Mexican 
plant Previously, Chrysler imported 
Neons from a plant in Illinois. 

The numbers are still small. 
Chrysler’s sales in Chile, for instance, 
amount to fewer than 4,000 vehicles a 
year. However, “it still means less util- 
ization of our U.S. labor," said Dario 
Verdugo, Chrysler’s manager of busi- 
ness development. 

The United States remains Chile’s 
largest trading partner, and Canadian 
and Mexican trade growth here is only 
beginning. To cement increasingly lu- 
crative trade ties with Chile, Prime Min- 
ister Jean Chretien of Canada and more 
than 400 businessmen and politicians 
are expected to arrive in Santiago in 
January. “Canadian firms have a win- 
dow of opportunity here that we aren't 
going to pass up,” said Brian Oak, 
director of trade at the Canadian Em- 
bassy in Santiago. 

The trip comes as Chilean officials, 
long enthusiastic about the idea of a trade 
accord with the United Stales, are playing 
it more coolly. 

“We don’t need an accord with the 
United States anymore,” said Jose Joa- 
quin Brunner, secretary general to 
Chile's president. “Yes, we still want 
one. but we have made strides in other 
directions that have helped our econ- 
omy and will continue to without a U.S. 
trade agreement.” 




PAGE 12 


By Jane L. Levere 

iVch- York Tutus Sen'ii e 

. NEW YORK — PC Magazine's ad- 
vice: Don't irade your travel agent for a 
World Wide Web site just yet 

TTie World Wide Web's top sires for 
business and leisure travel have been 
rated by PC Magazine and found want- 
ing. 

Warning readers not to give up their 
“old, reliable” travel .agent, the 
magazine survey says: "The sites are 
useful and interesting, but a traditional 
travel agent handles most arrangements 
more efficiently." 

The most favorably raced of the 15 
sites surveyed was that ofBiztravel.com 
(www.biztravel.com). PC Magazine 
commended it for the detailed profile it 
allows users to create, its management 
of frequent-travel programs and its 
"clear and helpful” format. 

Here are the magazine's observations 
on other sites related to business travel: 

• American Express Travel 
twww.americanexpress.com/travel) is 
"good for the traveler without a lot of 
special needs,'.’ but lacks extras like 
Biztravel.com 's ability to book flights 
using frequent-flier miles. The 
magazine points out that travelers buy- 
ing tickets through American Express 
can pick them up at an American Ex- 
press agency, or have them delivered 
free of charge. 

• CNN Interactive's Travel Guide 
(www.cnn.com/TRAVEL) is "useful 
for any business traveler” with its 
"easy-to-use reservations system, an 
effective low-fare tracking system and 


U.S. Envoy Warns on Trade 


Bh><>mhcrg Km 

TOKYO — Thomas- Foley, the U.S. 
ambassador to Japan, said Thursday he 
was concerned about Japan’s expanding 
trade surplus with the United States, 
adding that the issue would be raised by 
Congress. 

Japan's trade surplus has grown for 
14 consecutive months and is more than 
28 percent higher than a year ago, Mr. 
Foley said in a speech at Japan's Fed- 
eration of Economic Organizations, 
known as KciJonren. 

Mr. Foley urged both nations to work 
Loward new trade agreements, and called 
on Japan to pursue deregulation in the 
fields of telecommunications, housing 
and distribution "with renewed vigor.” 

The imbalance is "an inevitable 
political concern — in our Congress and 
elsewhere — a concern that none of us 


can afford to ignore,” Mr. Foley said. 

Japan’s merchandise trade surplus 
with the United States was 547.2 billion 
yen ($4.23 billion) in October, the highest 
since December 1994, as companies, in- 
creased exports to compensate for a 
slumping domestic economy, according 
to Japan’s Ministry of Finance. The yen’s 
14 percent drop against the U.S. dollar 
this year, to around 130 yen. has helped 
Japanese exporters by allowing them to 
cut prices on products sold abroad. 

Mr. Foley praised the 2 trillion yen tax 
cut proposed last week by Prime Min- 
ister Ryu taro Hashimoto as an important 
step Toward domestic-led growth. 

"The achievement of sustained 
growth in Japanese domestic demand 
wiU be a crucial factor in helping the 
Asian region emerge from its crisis of 
the past few months,” he said. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 


Travel Web Sites Are Fun, 
But Hold On to Your Agent 

Survey Warns of Inefficient Booking Systems 


the valuable CNN on-line guidebook." 
Another feature PC Magazine likes is 
the site’s ability to monitor low fares. 

• Flifo (www.flifo.com) is “a good 
place” for frequent travelers “to leant 
about where they ’re going and to set up a 
well-organized, detailed itinerary.” 
Ticketing services — for electronic tick- 
et processing or rickets by mail, with free 
delivery — are deemed noteworthy. ■ 

• Internet Travel Network 
(www.im.net) is praised for performing 
* ‘most of the basics for a business trav- 
eler” and for allowing a user to sign up 
with a locil travel agency. Shortcom- 
ings the magazine sees include storage 
of only four frequent-flier program 
numbers and no storage of car or bote! 
program data. 

• Microsoft Expedia.com (www.ex- 
pedia.com) is “very efficient for that 
quick business jaunt ro Cincinnati” but 
is marred by design flaws. The article 
says that Hotel Pin pointer, a feature 
enabling users to instantly view a 
hotel’s location on a map. is "unpar- 
alleled.” but the fare-tracking service is 
"the most Spartan of any site.” 

• The Trip.com (www.thetrip.com) 
"handles the basics of booking a trip 
well.” The magazine likes the site’s e- 
mail fare service and its flight-tracking 
capability, but calls some of its des- 
tination information "a bit stale.” 

• Tra velocity (www.travelo- 

city.com) is praisedfor a "user-friendly 
design, superb customer support .and 
excellent knack for finding low fares.” 
Minuses are an "inflexible” fare- 
w arching feature and cryptic jargon that 
describes hotels and flights. 



IRS Sounds an Alarm 
On Foreign Tax Credits 


By -Albert B. Crenshaw ;; 

. ' - • Washington Pint $mkt , , « 

WASHINGTON — .The Internal 
Revenue Service has saved notice to 
Wall Street and man y of ha multinational 
corporate clien ts that the agency plans to 
disallow tax benefits generated by cer- 
tain international deals that result in for-, 
eigu tax credits for foe companies. 

In a notice issued Tuesday, foe IRS 
said it would write new regulations gov- 
erning such deals and oat the rules, 
whenever they are issued, would be 
made retroactive to Tuesday. 

The move was the latest in a series of 
efforts by the IRS, the Treasury De- 
partment and Congress to snuff out in- 
creasingly popular cross-border 'deals 
that yield big tax benefits to corpo- 
rations but have little economic sub- 
stance. Such deals often involve shifting 
income to foreign jurisdictions and 
Josses to foe United States. 

The deals targeted have a number of 
permutations, but typically involve cre- 
ation of foreign tax credits that can be 
used to ease companies’ U.S. tax bur- 
dens. 

Fbr example, a company will acquire 


1 an asset — itxouldbe a bond, a copy- 
right or- an interest in a. foreign cor- . 
poration — that generates income sub-, 
ject to tax withholding in another 
Country. That withholding generate^ 

. credits even if the company makes iitt l« 
or no money on foe transacripn itself. 

. "Foreign tax credits are effectively 
purchased by a U.S. taxpayer,” the 
notice said. 

In other kind s of deals, companies 
exploit inconsistencies in U.S. and for* 
eign tax laws to obtain duplicate ben- 
efits in the United States and abroad. , 

_ The regulations will disallow foreign ^ 
tax credits when “the reasonably ex- p 
pec ted economic. profit is insubstantial 
compared to the value of the foreign lari 
.. credits expected,” foe notice said i 
The agency said it would not treat 
high foreign taxes alone as a sign of 
abuse and would not disallow them a 
certain other terms were met. [ 

Foreign lax credits arc design ?d ifj 
allow U.S. companies and individuals to 
invest abroad without being subject id 
double taxation. But many companies 
and their Wall Street advisers have dis- 
covered ways to convert the credits into 
a form of tax shelter. ! 



With No Slowing in Sight 


Mite SegUiUn aos 

SANTA'S ELVES? — Stock traders finishing up a shortened 
trading day on the New York Stock Exchange. TTie Dow Jones 
industrial average closed Wednesday at 7,660.13, down 31.64 points. 


Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — The dollar rose against 
the yen Thursday as foreign exchange 
markets in Europe and the United States 
were closed for foe Christmas holiday. 

Incoming days, traders said, the U.S. 
currency is poised to rise further against 
the yen unless foe government here 
comes up with more measures to 
strengthen Japan's financial institutions 
and bolster foe economy. 

'"It’s not exaggerating to say that : 
Japan's future rests on the shoulders of 
Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto and 
Finance Minister Hiroshi Mitsuzuka,” 
said Yohiko Kaji, manager in foe for-, 
eign exchange and international treas- 
ury division at Sakura Bank. "Without 
additional measures, foe yen will con- 
tinue to be sold.” 

The doDar finished here at 130115 
yen, up from 129.60 yen on Wednesday 
in New York. 

The dollar briefly fell against foe yen 
after Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimo- 
to said be would consider cutting the 
national corporate tax rate more steeply 
dm proposed. The Uberal ( Democratic 
Party, which Mr. Hashimoto leads, pro- 
posed last week that foe rate be cut by 3 
percentage points, .to 34.5 percent. 


But it soon recovered on fear that 
more corporations will fail: Arousing 
such fear was Tomen, a general trading 
company, whose stock plunged by foe 
maximum daily amount. Shares of 
Tokai Bank, Tomen’s largest share- 
holder, also dropped. 

“We are worried whether another 
company will go under,” said Makoto 
Sato, manager for foreign exchange at 
Bulk of Tokyo-Mitsubishi. 

The benchmark Nikkel-225 index 
closed up 375.12 points at 15,300.10. • 

Amid signs foe Japanese economy 
continues to flounder — the government 
reported Thursday that industrial output i 
in November fell 4.T percent from Oc-j *v 
tober. foe sixth decline in foe past 10 
months — many traders predict that the 
yen will depreciate in the weeks ahead? 

Tetsti Aikawa, manager for foreigq 
exchange at Sanwa Bank, said he ex- 
pected it to remain weak until at least 
Jan. 12, when lawmakers reconvene. 

“If politicians fail to come up with 
better measures by mid- January . foe yen 
will continue to weaken throughout foe? 
first quarter.” he said. “What could 
boost foe yen is not intervention, but a 
. decisive policy that can bring the counj 
try out of recession." ' 


EUROPE 


Hungary’s Witches Face the Taxman 

Prosecutor Calls Them a Business, Not a Religious Group 


lurt-riLithiikil Hcruld Tribune 

Black magic appears to be no help 
with red ink. A Hungarian prosecutor 
says the country ’s witches must pay taxes 
on income from their black art. and he has 
taken them to court over foe matter. 

The w itches say they are a registered 
church, and that fortune-telling, speLI- 
casling and officiating at weddings are 
tax-exempt religious activities. 

"Witchcraft is an ancient, magical 
religion. The constitution guarantees 
that we can provide religious services." 
Jozsef Me*zaros. leader of the Asso- 
ciation of Hungarian Witches told a 
Budapest newspaper. The association 
claims some 9.800 members. 

But Ainbrus Berki. foe prosecutor 
who is suing the witches in Budapest's 
Central Court, says black magic is a 
business like any other, and that witches 
must pay their taxes. 

Cheap Airfares for the Elderly 

Elderly witches who fear that foe 
government will not let them write off 
their broomsticks as a business expense 
have found a frienJ in Gvula Horn, 
Hungary's Socialist prime minister. 

On a television program, Mr. Horn 
said he had arranged limited free air 
travel for senior citizens on the coun- 
try's state-owned airline, Malev. He 
said Hungarians aged 65 and over could 
travel for free in February’. March. 
April. October and November. 

The news took Malev executives by 
surprise, and a spokesman for Mr. Horn 
later refined the offer. Seniors will have 
to pay about 20 percent of the ticket price. 
io cover airport taxes and other costs. 


Mr. Horn also said seniors would en- 
joy five rail travel in Hungary beginning 
next year. Asked if the announcement 
might be connected to parliamentary 
elections scheduled for foe spring, Mr. 
Horn said he could "acknowledge” foot 
there might be a link. 


A Dispute With Slovakia Russia Hopes for Contracts 


The vast dam complex on the Danube 
River that Hungary and Czechoslovakia 
began building at foe end of the Com- 
munist era is still haunting Hungary. 

Hungary pulled out of foe project in 
1989, os Communist Party rule 

REPORTER S NOTEBOOK^ 

crumbled and foe country's environ- 
mental movement gained political 
clout Post-Communist Slovakia fin- 
ished its half of the project, vast hy- 
droelectric generators and a shipping 
channel upstream at Gabcikovo. 

But Hungary refused to build two 
dams at Nagymaros, and tried to halt the 
work at Gabcikovo. arguing that it would 
destroy precious wetlands, irreparably 
damage the river and destroy an aquifer 
that supplies Budapest's drinking water. 
The dispuic reached the International 
Court of Justice , which ruled that Hun- 
gary had to find a compromise with 
Slovakia or pay huge damages. 

Now it seems that the Hungarian gov- 
ernment's plans to build two smaller 
dams that would allow Slovakia's part 
of the project to fully function may cost 
more than building foe original dam. 

The new project will cost Hungary at 
least 500 million forints (S2.47 billion). 


Russia is seeing potentially attractive 
markets in its old ally in Comecon, the 
former Communist bloc trade group. 

First, Moscow was peeved that Hun- 
gary's Paks nuclear power plant ignored 
partnership offers from Russia’s Min- 
istry of Atomic Energy when Paks bid 
for a Hungarian contract to provide be- 
tween 800 and 1.400 megawatts of 
power to Hungary's national grid. 

Instead. Paks executives prepared 
bids with Westinghoose Electric Corp. 
of foe United States and Atomic Energy 
of Canada Ltd. to build additional re- 
actors at Paks, Hungary’s only plant. 

Now, there is no word from Moscow, 
but foe Hungarian Defense Ministry has 
confirmed that it is contemplating the 
purchase of up to six MiG-29 jet fighters. 
An opposition member of the Parliament 
said he thought Hungary would accept 
Hp to $200 million worth of MiGs — as 
many as 10 planes — as partial payment 
of Russia's debt. But three Western war- 
plane makers, Lockheed-Martin Corp., 
Boeing's McDonnell-Douglas unit, and 
a joint Saab AB British Aerospace PLC 
venture hope to sell their own fighters to 
Hungary as it prepares to enter the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

— PETER S. GREEN 


Tokyo Lets 2 Western Firms Sell Funds 


Bh t unhrg .V(ti j 

TOKYO — The Ministry of Finance gave the local asset- 
management affiliates of Commerzbank AG and Merrill 
Lynch & Co. licenses Thursday allowing them to set up and 
sell mutual- fund products in Japan. 

Individual Japanese investors, despite a sharp contraction 
in asset values since the burst of the so-called bubble economy 
early this decade, hold financial assets valued at more than 
SIO trillion, including -14.53 trillion yen ($344.53 billion) in 
mutual funds, as of (he end of March. 

Comment Internationa! Capital Management (Japan) Ltd.. 
the Jiipa.ie:-e -ssel- management subsidiary of the foira-Iargest 
publicly traded German bank, has capital of 300 million yen 
and 27 employees. 

The company said it planned to add about three employees 
now that it had iven granted the mutual-fund license. 

Merrill Lynch International Capital Management Co. is 
capitalized at 535 million yen and has 32 employees. 

Commcrz International enters foe Japanese market armed 
with products developed by the parent bank’s worldwide 
network of asset managers. 


* The market is always changing," said Gerhard Wiesheu, 
managing director of Comment International, 1 ‘and the needs 
of private investors will also change. Yon have to be po- 
sitioned to choose the right products.” 

Commerz International plans to start with a global fixed- 
income fund and build up to five funds within a year, Mr. 
Wiesheu said. The bank has acquired an array of money 
managers in recent years, with a variety of specialties. 

Commerz International acquired a license to manag e pen- 
sion funds in Japan in 1994 and now handles more than 400 
billion yen in funds for pensions, corporations and life 
insurers. 

Foreign companies now account for more than one-third of 
Japan's 44 mutual-fund companies. - 

Goldman Sachs Asset Management Ltd., the local affiliate 
of Goldman, Sachs & Co. of foe United States, is now the 
n inth-Iargesl manager of such funds in Japan, with about $5.3 
billion, even though it only launched its first fund in June 
1996. 

Nomura Asset Management Co. is foe largest, with more 
than 10 trillion yen. 


BILBAO- 

Spain 


according to a government official run- 
ning the project But opposition rep- 
resentatives say foe real cost could rise 
as high as 1 trillion forints because 
Hangary will have to pay Slovakia for a 
temporary channel allowing Gabcikovo 
to function alone. 


5- . ... ii i;iJpil^Ji!ii,^. vo . .i. . » ,.i .nil hwijw nimihii iv i. ju. «■ 1 

‘i-sv ^ '■ ■ • taso . J fir 

i "'Vi 24GF* ■ -{ 


y ' $*46,000 - 




Tie Mr* Yurt Tima 


Antwerp’s Old Bourse Cashing Out # 

- i 

Small Exchanges Doomed in an Age of Electronics and the Euro 


By John Tagliabue 

Ne w York Times Service 

ANTWERP, Belgium — The stock 
exchange in this Flemish port is open 
every nonholiday weekday, but it 'is 
busiest on Tuesday and Thursday. On 
those days, the exchange not only trades 
its own shares, but also those that are 
listed on foe big board in Brussels. 

So when trading dosed at 2:39 P.M. 
on a recent Tuesday, the five brokers who 
filed out of the building that houses the 
exchange felt it had beat a good day. 

After all, foe volume of trading was 
more than double the daily average. In 
15 minutes of business. 42300 shares 
had traded hands, worth 12 million Bel-, 
gian francs ($326,065). On the New 
York Stock Exchange, by contrast, 525 
million shares, averaging about $23 bil- 
lion, trade on a typical day. 

Antwerp’s origins as a bourse date 
back to 1531. An early print in the office 
of Fonne Hendrickx. foe exchange’s 
chief executive, shows a Gothic hall with 
traders in frocks and frilly white collars 
resembling nothing so much as the paint- 
ings of Frans Hals, who traded cloth and 
spices in foe heyday of foe Flemish 
market Antwerp, said Marc Corluy, the 
exchange’s president, "was a rich city, 
the New York of the 16th century." 

Antwerp may still be thriving as a 
port, but irs no New York, fts exchange 
is not only one of theoldest in the world, 
but also one of foe smallest Its board 
lists 10 companies alphabetically, from 
Anhyp NV, a local mortgage bank, to 
Unie van Redding- en Sleepdienst NV. a 
local tugboat company. • 

On most days, there is little trading in 
any but Anhyp shares and those of a 
holding company. Belreca. whose prin- 
cipal assets. Mr. Hendrickx said, are 
shares in Anhyp. 

The exchange still turns a meager 
profit, but electronic trading and the ad- 


vent of Europe’s single currency are 
causing an upheaval on European stock 
markets. So despite foe global equity 
boom, when trading finishes on Tuesday, 
the Antwerp exchange will dose its doors 
for good. The remaining listed compa- 
nies will be transferred to Brussels. 

With Europe's single currency just 
over foe horizon, said Mr. Corluy, a 
broker whose firm. Corluy & Co., was 
founded by his grandfather, "We trill 
have new conditions, a Bloomberg mar- 
ket, a Reuters market — one computer 
market in European blue chips." 

Indeed, foe Antwerp exchange is one 
of many relics whose time is passing, a 
leftover from foe era when Europe's 
political and economic .fragmentation 
caused securities exchanges to sprout 
across foe Continent. 

In Spain, regional exchanges in 
Valencia, Barcelona and Bilbao con- 
tinue to operate in foe shadow of foe 
principal stock exchange in Madrid. In 
Germany, seven sleepy exchanges in 
such cities as Bremen, Stuttgart and 
Berlin are first losing ground to Frank- 
furt, where 80 percent of all German 
shares are traded, up from 60 percent in 
1990. 

.With further integration on the way, 
Mr. Corluy Said, many of these and even 
some larger European exchanges are 
threatened with extinction. 

“ft will already be difficult for Milan. 
Madrid, Amsterdam to survive, " he said, 
seated in the Antwerp exchange ’s beaux- 
arts boardroom, under an enormous 
painting from foe school of Rubens. 

Clearly, in an age of active securities 
markets that often seem to echo re- 
verberations from Frankfurt and Lon- 
don to New York and then on to Tokyo 
and Hong Kong. Antwerp marches to its 
own drummer. 

The exchange's three computer ter- 
minals, in a room next to the trading 
hall, are used to track prices in Brussels, 


a half-hour by train to the south. In th£ 
past, said Alain Vercruysse, a broker 
with foe local firm of Van De Put & Co.; 
trading was heaviest early in foe week] 
“Most Antwerp investors bid on Mom 
day,” he said, “after reading foe papery 
over foe weekend. " 

Much of what drives change iii 
Europe, experts agree, is foe approach* 
ing single currency. With European 
governments exercising austerity to 
meet foe standards for foe new cu rrency , 
private pension funds are takine on* 
some of the role of the old welfare state, 

At the same time, money managers are 
building Europewide businesses, alter- 
ing foe financial landscape. 

J.R.KnighL, special adviser to the Fed- Jfe 
eration of European Stock Exchanges in 
Brussels, said the prospect of a single 
currency, “removes foe inhibition of 
would-be investors in foreign stocks." * 

For the moment, he said, markets iii 
derivatives — tradable vehicles ihar re- 
flect the underlying value of other assets 
— are driving consolidation. The dis- 
appearance of national money will dry 
up trade in cross-border currencies. 

Even though European governments 
will continue to issue their own bonds, 
most of them will eventually be de? 
nominated in euros, the new single cur- 
rency. Most financial instruments are 
expected to migrate to a handful of dorm 
foam financial centers. Stock exchanges 

are expected to follow a similar path. ’ 

Someone who ' secs the changes 
clearly is Anne Vleminckx, deputy 
chairman, of the Brussels Stock Ex- 
change, which will scoop up the re- 
maining Antwerp listings at the start of 
foe year. Brussels is linking its elec* 
fronic trading system with Amsterdam'^*) 
and Luxembourg and is joining stock T.i 
exchanges in Amsterdam, Frankfurt, 
and Pans to form a European network of 
national small-company markets called 
Euro.NM. 


’j\ ix> 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 26, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Tokyo Cabinet Tightens Budget Amid New Evidence of Slowing Growth 


By George Nishiyama 

Rouen 

TOKYO — Japan's ecoDoniy showed 
signs of worsening on Thursday, and 
while the cabinet approved a budget for 
the next fiscal year that promises relief 
with tax cuts, analysts said it would not 
be enough to stem the negative tide. 

Poor data, including a large drop in 
industrial production, underlined die. 
weakness of the economy, analysts said. 

“Concern over the outlook of the 
economy has not disappeared. Unless 
some measures are taken, there is a 
danger that there will be no end to the 
deterioration in eronomic conditions," 


said Kenji Yumoto, senior economist at 
the Japan Research Institute. 

The Trade . Ministry announced 
Thursday that industrial output in 
November fell a preliminary 4. 1 percent 
month-on-month, the biggest drop since 
March 1996. The ministry used the 
word * ‘weak” to describe its output data 
for the first time since October 1 995. 

The Economic Planning Agency, 
after announcing that its index of lead- 
ing economic indicators for October 
stood at 55.6 — down from 63.6 in 
September and barely above the so- 
cafled boom-or-bust level of 50 on a 
scale of 100' — said the indicators 
“show that the economy is stalling.” 


Japanese housing starts declined 23.5 
percent in November from year-ago 
levels while construction orders were up 
a modest 5.2 percent. 

Despite such economic conditions, 
the cabinet gave final approval to a tight- 
fisted draft state budget for die next year, 
slashing general spending, the core of 
the budget, by the largest margin ever. 

It was forced to relax its austere fiscal 
policy somewhat, however, settling for 
a smaller -than -expected cut in govern- 
ment debt issues after Prime Minister 
Ryutaro Hashimoto's decision to cany 
out a one-time income tax cut worth 2 
trillion yen ($15.5 billion) in order to 
boost the economy. 


The draft budget for the fiscal year 
starting in April totaled 77.67 trillion 
yen, up a mere 0.4 percent from the 
original budget for the current year. 
General spending will be cut by a record 
570.5 billion yen. lo 44.54 trillion yen. 
down 1.3 percent. 

In addition to the income tax cut, the 
government plans to carry out cuts in 
corporate, financial and land-transac- 
tion taxes for 1998-99 totaling 752 bil- 
lion yen. 

Bui analysts said the government's 
draft bndget should have backed further 
away from its austere fiscal stance in 
order to address Japan’s dire economic 
conditions. 


“1 don't think I can give it a passing 
grade," Mr. Yumoto said. 

Others said i( lacked measures to 
boost the economy and added that a 
drastic lax cut was necessary. 

“If the government wanted to push 
up economic growth into positive ter- 
ritory. it should have carried out a per- 
manent income tax cut worth at least 
more than 5 trillion yen,” said 
Tomonobu Wakabayashi. senior econ- 
omist at the Industrial Bank of Japan. 

Air. Hashimoto's tax cut applies to 
incomes for the current fiscal year, al- 
though it will be financed in part by next 
year's budget. 

But Finance Minister Hiroshi Mit- 


suzuka gave high marks to the budget. 
“It is the first step towards fiscal struc- 
tural reform,” he said. 

Spending in key areas such as public 
works, defense and overseas assistance 
was slashed. The budget for public 
works will be cut by 7.8 percent, to 8.99 
trillion yen. 

Defense spending will be cut for the 
first time since the Defense Agency was 
set up more than 40 years ago. falling 
0.2 percent. 

But Mr. Yumoto warned the gov- 
ernment not to be too hasty in its re- 
forms. “If you have one wheel of a car 
turning faster than the others, then the 
car will steer off course.” he said. 


Korean Auto Industry Begins to Stall 


Very briefly: 


i w 

* - 'iff 


By Andrew Pollack 

New York Times Service 

SEOUL — Automobile production, 
one of South Korea’s best hopes for 
increasing exports and bringing in 
needed foreign currency, is in danger 
of stalling. 

It is all because one overly am- 
bitious businessman borrowed too 
heavily to build a shipyard. 

Halla Engineering & Heavy Indus- 
tries. part of the nation's 12th-largest 
conglomerate, filed for bankruptcy 
court protection earlier this month 
after defaulting on loans it took out to 
build the shipyard, the dream of the 
company founder, Chung In Yung. 

But as has been the practice with 
South Korea's diversified conglom- 
erates. other Halla Group subsidiaries 
lent money to Halla Heavy Industries 
or guaranteed its loans. So the 
shipyard default forced Mando Ma- 
chinery Coip., a profitable Halla sub- 
sidiary that is the dominant supplier of 
automobile parts in South. Korea, to 
file for court mediation to reschedule 
its debts. 

Now, Mando 's suppliers are refus- 
ing to deliver parts, forcing Man do’s 
production to come to a virtual halt. 
Mando's stoppage in turn is crippling 
automobile production. 

Kia Motors Corp., one of the na- 
tion's big three automakers, stopped 
producing passenger cars this week. 


Hyundai Motor Co., the nation’s 
largest car manufacturer, shut some 
lines Wednesday. 

Hyundai depends on Mando for es- 
sential components such as brakes and 
steering columns. 

The shutdowns will not have an 
immediate effect on domestic sales 
and exports. Because of South Korea's 
economic problems, domestic car 
sales have been slow, and inventories 
of completed cars are high. 

Hyundai said through a spokesman 
that the company's inventory will last 
at least until the end of the year. 

But after dial, the company might be 
short of cars — at a time when the 
South Korean won, which is only 
worth about half of what it was a few 
months ago, would make Korean autos 
extremely affordable overseas. 

It is not quite clear how Mando's 
plight will be addressed. One banker 
involved in the situation said gov- 
ernment intervention might be 
needed. . 

There also is speculation that 
Mando might be acquired, either by 
Hyundai itself — which denies any 
such plans — or by a foreign com- 
pany. . 

Ford Motor Co. has several joint 
ventures with Mando to make car air 
conditioners and other parts in South 
Korea and some other countries. It is 
already increasing its equity stake in 
one of the ventures, based in Canada. 


But a Ford executive here said he was 
not aware of any plan to buy Mando. 

General Motors Corp. also has been 
mentioned. “I'd love to buy diem, but 
no one has offered them far sale." said 
Gerald Graham, president of Delphi 
Automobile Systems, the components 
division of GM in South Korea. 

Halia says it wants to keep Mando 
as a core business; It will probably 
have to sell the shipyard, though. 

■ Argentines Fear Asia Imports 

Business leaders in Argentina, 
where the peso is effectively pegged to 
the U.S. dollar, want protection 
against Asian imports that devalu- 
ations have made much cheaper, they 
said Wednesday, Agence France-, 
Presse reported from Buenos Aires. 

“We have requested monitoring of 
imports that come from these coun- 
tries, because as of now, we are simply 
unable to compere," said Claudio Se- 
bastiani, president of the Argentine 
Industrial Union. ‘*1 am talking about 
Thailand, Korea, the Philippines and 
Malaysia, which export $560 bi Uion in 
goods a year.” 

Unlike side effects of .the Mexican 
financial crisis, Mr. Sebastiani said, the 
Asian market turmoil in Argentina has 
sparked a “crisis of relative pricing.” 

He suggested a package of belt- 
tightening protective measures. The 
Argentine government has not an- 
nounced any such plans. 


• ASCII Corp- a Japanese computer-related publisher and software maker, plans 
to sell 1 1 million new shares on Jan. 14 to CSK Corp- Sega Enterprises Ltd, and 
the Industrial Bank of Japan Ltd. The transaction would make CSK the largest 
shareholder of ASCII, with a 40 percent stake. 

• Akihiro Tsuji, president of Tomen Corp- a Japanese general trading company, 
denied speculation the company might file for court protection from creditors. The 
share price has recently fallen sharply amid speculation the company was hurt by 
foreign financial losses and could declare bankruptcy. Investors have become 
sensitive to the possibility of financial trouble at trading companies since Toshoku 
Ltd., a food products trader, filed for court protection a week ago. 

• Nitto Life Co., a Japanese golf course operator, sought court protection from 
creditors along with Nitto Kogyo Co- its parent company, saying it was no longer 
able to pay the costs of past business expansion. Japanese golf course operators are 
faced with demands for fee repayment on membership rights as the market for such 
rights plunged along with declines in land and real estate prices in the aftermath of 
the speculative investment boom of the late 1980s. 

• Yasuo Hamanaka, the disgraced former king of global copper markets, said he 
hoped to pay back to his former employer Sumitomo Corp. some of the losses he 
caused through unauthorized trading. He told the Tokyo district court the money 
would be paid from an account he held with Union Bank of Switzerland and that 
“the amount I can compensate is limited to the outstanding balance of my 
account,” which he said totaled $800,000. 

• Thailand's finance minister. Tarrin Nimmanahaeminda, said the government 
would not close any more financial institutions but would focus on strengthening 
those remaining as part of its overall efforts to revive a battered economy. 

• India's economy will grow 6 percent in the year ending in March 1998 despite 
slowing industrial production growth, the central bank said. Growth had averaged 
7 percent in the preceding three years. 

• Orix Corp. of Japan, a leasing company, said it would begin negotiations to 
possibly purchase a trust banking unit of the failed Yamaichi Securities Co. 

• Volvo Cars Japan Corp., the Japanese unit of Volvo AB, said it would offer its 

luxury S70 sedan and V70 station wagon models at a special discount price for a 
limited 1,700 units beginning on Friday. The domestic selling price for fully 
equipped models will be reduced by 450,000 yen ($3,482). to 3.95 milli on yen for 
the S70 and 4. 15 million yen for the V70. Bloomberg. Reuters 


TOYS: Companies Expand Their Product Lines to Make Dolls, Cars and Games Suited for Disabled Children 


Continued from Page 1 1 

all shoppers. Equally important, they 
see an opportunity to broaden their 
product appeal beyond the handful of 
hot sellers, such as Holiday Barbie. That 
is particularly critical during the hol- 
idays, when the companies reap up to 
half their annual sales. 

Not that anyone in the toy industry is 
suggesting that Mattel’s Becky doll will 
become the next Barbie. But the in- 
dustry has realized — just as cosmetics 
makers did when they began offering 
makeup for black women and car 
companies did when they began fo- 
cusing on selling to female customers 
— drat it simply makes good financial 
sense to cater to overlooked consumer 
group. 

; “The audience has always been 
there,” said Terri Bartlett, a spokes- 
woman for the toymakers* group. “It 
was just a matter of being sensitive to 


the needs of this particular audience.” 

That is just what a small company in 
Portland, Oregon, called People of 
Every Snipe, did when it began making 
dolls in the early 1990s that come with 
prosthetic limbs, hearing aids and 
glasses. 

“In the beginning, we would make 
one and people would see it either 
through our catalog or through word of 
moum.” said Edward Cooper, the co- 
owner. 

“They would call up and say, T have 
a friend who got a doll, but my nephew 
has this,’ and they would describe the 
problem, and we would attempt to make 
a doll for that We got a lot of calls from 
people who said. 'My child just went 
through chemotherapy and lost his 
hair.' ’ ' The calls prompted the company 
to create dolls with little wisps of hair. 

The company, whose dolls sell for up 
to $74 — not including accessories — 
has had such a rapid expansion of busi- 


ness that it has stopped shipping cata- 
logs because it cannot keep up with 
demand. 

The product guide for the blind be- 
came a popular shopping tool because 
the toys were chosen by the American 
Foundation for the Blind, which looked 
for features such as an ability to inspire 
a child to explore or to promote aware- 
ness of textures. The endorsement 
seemed to give consumers a sense of 
security, the association said. 

“If you know blind children, you are 
so nervous about giving them 
something they can't play with,'- said 
David Miller, president of the trade 
group in New York. “They get apparel 
or anything else but a toy.” 

Toy companies have also learned that 
serving this market requires ingenuity 
and sensitivity. 

Mattel ran into a problem with Becky 
when the doll's wheelchair did not fit 
into the elevator of Barbie’s Dream 


House. That upset some youngsters and 
prompted calls from parents. The house 
has since been modified. 

Little Tikes, too, got complaints from 
parents a few years ago that children 
with limited mobility were having trou- 
ble playing in some of their patio 
houses. “We learned that children who 
use wheelchairs and cratches had less 
access to some of these toys, and that 
concerned us," said Lorrie Paul Crum, a 
spokesman for Rubbermaid Inc., the 
parent company of Little Tikes. 

While the industry agrees that more 
needs to be done to serve this market, it 
is divided on whether to simply market 
traditional toys to the handicapped or to 
play up items specially created or mod- 
ified for them. 

Kay bee Toys, a unit of Consolidated 
Stores Inc., has featured items such as the 
modified Little Tikes patio houses, while 
Dayton Hudson Corp. does Dot single out 
specific toys because it does not want to 


limit the choice for such children. 

Small specialty toy companies have 
found a niche modifying toys to enable 
children with limited mobility to play 
with them. 

One such operation in Bohemia, New 
York, Kapable Kids, adds devices to 
toys that many handicapped children 
would otherwise not be able to use. In 
battery-powered toys, for instance, it 
replaces tiny, hard-to-flip switches with 
devices that can be squeezed or pulled. 

Whatever the improvements, those 
who care for disabled children say the 
changes could not have come soon 
enough. Some also say the progress 
does not go far enough- 

“Toys are important for all chil- 
dren,” said Dr. Philip Ziring, chairman 
of tbe American Academy of Pediatrics’ 
committee on children with disabilities. 
“They just need to be the right toy for 
the right child, and that is not always an 
easy decision.” 


Merrill Eyes 
Retail Unit 
In Japan 

Reuters 

TOKYO — Merrill Lynch & Co. said 
Thursday it was considering opening a 
retail brokerage subsidiary in Japan — a 
lucrative market with an estimated 1.200 
trillion yen ($9.28 trillion 1 in assets. 

1 ‘Over a long period of lime, we have 
considered many alternatives for en- 
tering into the retail business in Japan." 
the company’s Merrill Lynch Japan 
subsidiary said. 

“We believe this may be an appro- 
priate time for us to seriously explore 
opportunities available in Japan.” it 
said. Merrill said it might hire Yamaichi 
Securities Co. employees for the ven- 
ture and take over some offices of that 
failed Japanese brokerage. 

The financial daily" Nihon Keizai 
Shimbun reported that the new broker- 
age would hire 2.000 employees from 
Yamaichi and rent the premises of 50 
Yamaichi branches across Japan. 

Yamaichi said Nov. 24 that it would 
go out of business because of a severe 
short-term liquidity crunch and newly 
disclosed hidden liabilities. 

Merrill declined to confirm any num- 
bers but said that if the new company 
came into existence, it hoped it would get 
business from former Yamaichi clients. 

Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto 
of Japan welcomed the possibility, say- 
ing Merrill's plan to expand in Japan 
would help -revive confidence in the 
Japanese financial market. 

Merrill's move also would be ex- 
pected to make Japanese financial in- 
stitutions change their business 
strategies, and such changes are "nat- 
ural," Mr. Hashimoto said. 

But analysts said an entry by Merrill 
Lynch into Japan's retail securities busi- 
ness would threaten a domestic broker- 
age industry already stung by financial 
scandals and bankruptcies and could 
spur a reorganization of the industry 
ahead of the country's planned “Big 
Bang" financial deregulation. 

Japanese media have reported that the 
new brokerage would start operations in 
May 1998 and would focus .on retail 
operations — mainly selling foreign and 
domestic equities, bonds and invest- 
ment trusts to individual investors. 

The unit would become the first for- 
eign brokerage to offer services to in- 
dividual Japanese investors, they said. 


KOREA: Tokyo Pushes Japanese Banks on Loans After Seoul Collects $10 Billion Early EjuJ £ em / in „ Quotas 

r nn n n .uauA Pine 1 lines of credit and reolenish the coffers World Bank loans proved inadequate. more effectively,” Mr. Rubin said. O 


Continued from Page 1 

coming a wider global problem. This 
group moved quickly and quietly this 
week, drafting the plan in secret meet- 
ings and globe-girdling conference 
\ calls. 

]]{■ As part of the initiative, private banks 
6* V ‘‘in the United States, Japan and Europe 
** that have lent money to South Korea 
v have been asked to negotiate deferred 
payment of the more than $100 billion 
they are owed in the next 1 2 months, and 
possibly to provide new longer-term 
loans as well. 

The effort to rush money to Seoul was 
presaged by an announcement Tuesday 
by the World Bank that it would break 
with its procedures and speed S3 billion 
of its portion of the rescue plan. The 
efforts are aimed at stemming a panicky 
flight of foreign capital that has left 
South Korean banks and companies 
bereft of funds and sent the nation's stock 
an dcunency markets into a free fall. 

The original bailout plan was sup- 
posed to restore confidence by con- 
vincing investors and lenders that Seoul 
would restructure its debt-laden ecoa- 
xay and could get its hands on the U.S. 

Jollars and other hard currencies it 
1 p £ ded to meet its obligations to for- 
eigners. The idea was that as confidence 
■chimed, foreign banks would renew 


lines of credit and replenish the coffers 
of South Korean financial institutions. ' 

But the rescue plan’s architects were 
forced to admit Wednesday that they 
heeded to fortify the plan, in the face of 
relentless pressure in South Korean fi- 
nancial markets. 

“It was our view that we needed to 
take another group of steps,” U.S. 
Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin said. 
* ‘They should work. On the other hand, 
there are no guarantees. But it is enor- 
mously in our economic and national- 
security interest that economic stability 
be restored in Korea.” 

The IMF, which is leading the rescue 
effort, issued a statement declaring that 
its managing director, Michel Camdes- 
sus. intended to recommend to the board 
of the 181 -nation institution “a sig- 
nificant acceleration of the resources 
available to Korea.” Both Mr. Rubin 
and the Fund stressed that, in exchange, 
Korean authorities bad agreed to “an 
intensification and acceleration” of 
measures to revamp the nation's eco- 
nomic policies. j 

Mr. Rubin had rejected pleas from 
Seoul for Washington to provide its $5 
billion portion of the aid package early, 
asserting that the U.S. pledge — along 
with those of other countries — was 
intended to be a “second line of de- 
fense” to be used only if the IMF and 


World Bank loans proved inadequate. 

Keeping the U.S. loan in reserve was 
important politically to Mr. Rubin, who 
drew intense criticism during die 1995 
rescue of Mexico for having committed 
$20 billion in U.S. funds to toe bailout of 
that country. Indeed, at the time the South 
Korean rescue package was announced, 
Mr. Rubin said Seoul would probably 
never have to draw the U.S. loan. 

On Wednesday, bowever, Mr. Rubin 
acknowledged that several develop- 
ments had undermined the assumptions 
behind the initial package — even 
though he continued to say it was “a 
strong program” that should have re- 
vived market confidence. 

The.Treasury secretary noted that toe 
authorities in Seoul initially signaled 
“uncertainty” about their willingness 
to implement painful restructuring mea- 
sures, particularly steps that could entail 
layoffs and bankruptcies. South Korea 
was also in the midst of a presidential 
election, raising doubts about whether a 
new president would adhere to the plan. 
Those factors added to investors' anxi- 
eties. and intensified the selling pres- 
sure in South Korean markets. 

Moreover, South Korean officials un- 
intentionally deepened market fears by 
going public with their pleas for emer- 
gency loans. “With regard to markets, 
perhaps filings could have been done 


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more effectively,” Mr. Rubin said. 

But he said that “another factor is 
what's gone on in Japan,” suggesting 
that Asia's largest economy should bear 
a portion of the blame for having failed 
to take sufficient steps to restore eco- 
nomic growth in the region. Washing- 
ton has been prodding Tokyo for 
months to adopt a more stimulative 
policy and thereby help bolster the ail- 
ing economies of its Asian neighbors by 
increasing demand for their products. 

Whatever the causes of the new res- 
cue package, toe Treasury may now face 
intensified criticism that by going to 
such extraordinary lengths to bail out 
faltering countries, it is saving rich banks 
and investors from tbe losses they should 
incur for making risky financial bets. 

“The purpose of this is not to help 
creditors and investors,” Mr. Rubin 
said. “The purpose of this is to help 
Korea.” 

But he admitted: “A byproduct is we 
help investors and creditors.” 

Mr. Rubin argued that the new pack- 
age should not be criticized as a bailout 
for banks because it includes provisions 
for foreign banks to share in the burden. 
Statements issued by Mr. Rubin and the 
IMF contained phrases asserting that tbe 
speeded-up loans were being provided 
“in the context of a significant voluntary 
extension of the maturities of Misting 
claims by international bank creditors." 

Asked if that meant that banks would 
be effectively forced to take losses or 
reduced interest payments on their 
loans, Mr. Rubin said it would depend 
on how negotiations go between the 
banks and Korean borrowers. He was 
even less forthcoming when asked 
whether private bank cooperation was 
necessary for the disbursal of loans by 
the U.S. government and other parties lo 
the rescue package. 

South Korean financial institutions 
have more than $10 billion of debt that 
matures by Dec. 31. In January and 
February, another $ 1 8 billion comes due. 
The IMF said it planned to provide South 
Korea with $2 billion Dec. 30, moving 
up the initial schedule from Jan. 8. 

The Group of Seven industrialized 
countries, plus Australia, Belgium, 
Netherlands, New Zealand. Swedenand 
Switzerland, said they would also de- 
liver $8 billion to South Korea next 
month. The G-7 members are Britain, 
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan 
and the Untied States. fWP. Blvumberg) 


Reuters 

BEUING — In a major change 
spurred by toe Asian financial crisis. 
China announced plans Thursday to 
drop quotas on lending by state-run 
commercial banks as of Jan. I. 

Dai Xiangiong, governor of the 
People's Bank of China, told state 
television that the State Council, or 
cabinet, had approved the measure. 

Instead of imposing quotas, toe 
central bank will issue a plan that will 
serve as a guide and reference for 
commercial banks when deciding 
lending volume, the report said. 

Commercial banks will have to bal- 
ance the inward and outward flow of 
funds themselves, it said. Li Tieying. 
minister of the State Commission for 
Economic Restructuring, was quo red 
as saying that the aim was to give the 
government more indirect monetary 
controls. 

Credit quotas — a legacy of Com- 
munist central planning dating from 


the 1950s — were set by the central 
bank each year and divided among the 
four big state banks. 

The combined credit quota for 
Bank of China, Industrial & Com- 
mercial Bank of China. China Con- 
struction Bank and China Agricul- 
tural Bank was set at S00 billion yuan 
($96.27 billion) for 1997. 

The system was designed to al- 
locate credit through bureaucratic 
methods to state industry, but it is now 
one of toe biggest obstacles to the 
creation of a genuine commercial- 
banking system. Credit quotas also 
are one of toe main culprits in toe 
accumulation of huge quantities of 
nonperforming loans. 

The Asian currency crisis has fo- 
cused Chinese economic policymakers 
on financial risk and the need to reduce 
bad debt. Beijing is trying to promote 
sound credit practices and do away 
with the kind of lending that is done by 
administrative fiaL 


Beijing to Offer New Incentives 


Cim/alnJ fa' tbw Suff fnm Dtiputrhrs 

BELTING — China will offer new 
incentives as early as Jan. 1 to attract 
investment in high technology and may 
open investment in industries now 
closed to foreigners, such as transpor- 
tation. officials said. 

While foreign investment in China in 
1997 is likely to exceed last year’s re- 
cord of $42.3 billion. Chinese officials 
are concerned, as investment approvals, 
down 27. 1 percent in the first 1 1 months 
against the like period in 1996. point to 
a slowdown in inflows. 

“China will continue to open wider,, 
and the steps will become bigger.” said 
Xu Changwen, a division director of the 
International Trade Research Institute. 
He said companies setting up high tech- 
nology projects would not nave to pay 
duty on equipment imports. 

The incentives were discussed at a 
three-day closed-door national confer- 
ence on foreign investment that ended 
Wednesday in Beijing. 

State media have yet to disclose any 
specific changes following toe meeting. 


but the official People’s Daily said in an 
editorial Thursday that China * ’cannot do 
without foreign investment if the pace of 
its modernization is to be accelerated ” 

Ventures in industries where Beijing 
has decided foreign investment must be 
“encouraged" will receive 50 percent 
reductions in capital import duties. Mr. 
Xu said. 

Foreign companies will be keen to 
see which ventures are eligible for im- 
port tax waivers. When exemptions on 
such duties were canceled in April 1996. 
U.S. companies estimated that the costs 
of setting up businesses in China would 
rise an average 28 percent. 

Mr. Xu said another of the incentives 
would be to allow investment in sectors 
now closed to foreign companies if the 
ventures were located in poorer central 
or western provinces. 

“Foreign companies will also be al- 
lowed to invest more in energy, trans- 
portation and agriculture, while tele- 
communications will be gradually 
opened." he said. 

iBIuvnibcrq, k alters 1 


PAGE 14 


Luxurious Yankees 


baseball The New York 
Yankees must pay $4,438, 141 in 
luxury tax by Jan. 31 for redis- 
tribution by Major League Base- 
ball. 

The teams with the top five 
payrolls for 1997 must pay $12 
million between them. The Yan- 
kees. with the biggest payroll in 
baseball, must pay most. The 
Yankees' payroll for luxury tax 
purposes was $68,267,435, and 
they must pay 35 percent of the 
portion that is above the tax-trig- 
gering threshold of $552587,03 L 

The other teams raying tax are 
the Baltimore Orioles, who must 
pay $4,033,689; Cleveland. 
S2.072.457; Atlanta. $1,306,918; 
and Florida, $ 153.046. (NYT) 


Collymore Is Arrested 


soccer Stan Collymore. the 
Aston Villa and England striker, 
has been charged with assault, 
police said Thursday. 

Collymore. 26, was arrested in 
Cannock, Staffordshire, on 
Christmas Eve and released on 
bail. The Birmingham Evening 
Mail, reported that the alleged as- 
sault was on Collymore 's former 
girlfriend, Michelle Green, after 
an angry confrontation over ac- 
cess to their 23-montb-old son, 
Thomas, during die Christmas 
holiday period. (AP) 


Forest Sues Anderlecht 


soccer English club Notting- 
ham Forest and 16 of its former 
players have started court action 
against Anderlecht over the 1984 
UEFA Cup bribery scandaL 
Forest had trial to negotiate 
compensation but served a writ 
on Wednesday, said Filip Goe- 
mans. Forest’s Belgian lawyer. 

Constant Vanden, the Belgian 
club's former chairman, admit- 
ted in September having paid one 
million Belgian francs C$27,000) 
as a “loan" to the referee in the 
second leg of the 1984 semifinal 
which it won, 3-0. Forest had 
won the first leg, 2-0. ( Reuters ) 


A Murky Business 


soccer Reports linking 
floodlight failures at English 
Premier League matches to a Far 
East betting ring were dismissed 
as conjecture by the English 
Premier League on Wednesday. 

The Wlmbledon-Arsenal 
match on Monday was the third 
this season to be abandoned 
when the foodlights failed. 

Reports in British newspapers 
suggested a Far East gambling 
group was responsible. Mon- 
day's game ended 0-0, seconds 
into the second half. For betting 
purposes, the match score counts 
once the second half has start- 
ed. (Reuters) 


Argentina Fights Thugs 


soccer Argentina is setting 
up a police unit with powers to 
deal with worsening soccer vi- 
olence after a fan was shot to 
death at a first division match, 
security and sports officials said. 

On Friday, a 24-year-old fen of 
Humean was shot in the head at a 


local derby against San Lorenzo. 
A police helicopter filmed fans 


pelting each other with stones out- 
side the stadium and ignoring the 
body of Ulises Fernandez 
stretched out on die ground. 

In another incident, a camera- 
man lost an eye when he was hit 
by a firework thrown during Sun- 
day's match in which River Plate 
clinched the league Reuters) 


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Chandrakanta Ahir of India driving a ball in the semifinal of the Women’s Cricket World Cup, against 
Australia, in ’New Delhi. Australia won by 19 runs to reach the final, where it will play either England or New 
Zealand. The match was curtailed by fog. Australia made 123 runs for seven wickets in its 32 overs. In reply, 
India could only make 104 for nine after four of its players were run out. Ahir was the top scorer with 48. 


A Pitch Where Cricketers Fear to Tread 


Ageace France-Presse 

INDORE, India — India’s second one-day international 
against Sri Lanka was abandoned after 18 balls Thursday 
when officials ruled the pitch was too dangerous for play. 

Sri i-anlca had reached 17 runs for one wicket from three 
overs when the match ended. The ball had begun breaking 
through the pitch’s dusty top surface from the first de- 
livery. 

When Roshan Mahan ama was cracked on the fingers by 
another delivery that rocketed off the ground from Sanath 
Jayasuriya, the match ground to a halt as a large group of 
officials joined the players in the middle to examine the 
wicket 

Sri Lanka’s captain. Aijuna Ranatunga, joined his Indian 
counterpart, Sachin Tendulkar, the umpires, both teams’ 
coaches and Zimbabwean match referee Ahmed Ebrahim 


as the 25,000-capacity crowd became increasingly rest- 
less. 

The talking lasted about 40 minutes before the teams 
were led off the field. 

Ebrahim said: “It's a sad day for cricket Both tfaeends of 
the track looked dangerous and the two skippers expressed 
fears about the danger to their players.” 

He added, “I won’t say they, were unwilling, but they 
expressed concern about the quality of the wicket It could 
have been played with only spinners in the attack, but I 
thoughr that would be unfair to die game.” 

Ranatunga and Tendulkar had complained about the 
pitch Wednesday, but it was decided rt was too late to 
prepare an alternative wicket ' 

The final one-day international is due to be played at Goa 
on Dec. 28. 


Holyfield-Lewis Bout Is on the Ropes 

Negotiations Break Down Amid Accusations From Each Fighter’s Camp 


Ciwprta/ h* QvrSag Fran Dbparhes 

The proposed heavywdghr unifica- 
tion match between Evander Holyfiekf 
and Lennox Lewis looks more than likely 
to end up in the category of great fights 
that never happened, after Holyfield's 


promoter, Don King, and Time Warner 
Sports, which would have televised the 


Sports, which would have televised the 
bout via the cable-television station 
HBO. failed to reach an agreement 

“The Grand Canyon was unbridge- 
able,” said Seth Abraham, president of 
Time Warner Sports, referring to the 
differences that remained after a three- 
hour meeting to negotiate the terms of 
the fight ended early Tuesday. 

Abraham said that while the talks 
might resume at a later date, he doubted 
the fight could be held in the near future. 
King denied Wednesday that his de- 
mands for a guarantee had sabotaged 
plans for the bouL 

“I never discussed a promotional fee 
for me." King said. “1 only discussed 
what the event would cost. 1 knew when 
I came out wi th the truth, they would put 
a negative spin on iL The fight won't 
take place because HBO won’t put up 
the money for the fight to take place.” 

King disputed reports that he had 
insisted on a guarantee of between $5 
million and $8 million before the fight 
earned a penny. “I never asked anybody 


for any money,” King said. 

Abraham acknowledged that a fee for 
King had not a subject of conversation 
during the meeting. But Abraham ad- 
ded: “In conversations which I had di- 
rectly with Don before the Monday 
meeting, Don told me what kind of 
profit he was looking for. It started at $8 
milli on and worked its way down to $5 
million.” 

HBO. which bad agreed to terms with 
Lewis, was only prepared to guarantee a 
pay-per-view audience of 650,000. The 
viability of pay-per-view minus the 
presence of a star like Mike Tyson, who 
is currently under' suspension, remains 
one of the complex issues in fight ne- 
gotiations. 

• “They don’t, want it, and they don’t 
want anyone else to have it,” King said 
of HBO. His deadline for making the 
fight is Friday. “They have die ability to 
make it happen,” he said. 

King's position, Abraham said, was 
an attempt to “cover himself with his 
client.” meaning Holyfield. 

' ‘The fight got scuttled because Don 
wanted a multimillioa-dollar contract,” 
Abraham said. “I stand by that.” 

Countered King; “You can’t expect 
to get the same bura-of-the- month 


reportedly going on a drinking s 
after his controversial victory over 1 


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FRIDAY. DECEMBER 24. 1997 


Cry for Me Argentina: 
Tears for a Fallen Hero 

Maradona’s Career Ends as a Soap Opera 


By Sebastian Rotelia 

LasAnstetes Tima Service 


B UENOS AIRES — Once there 

$ ™ Sg ££Sp£w 

SJiSSSF*-- 1 ' 


wandered among dams, in i ur ^ 
trams and a short-lived coaching at- 
tempt before reluming to Boca 
the dominant Arccniinpn team that 
launched him as a youth. La.st year, a 


that.” 

On Monday, Panes Eliades. Lewis’s 
London-based promoter; announced 
that a $50 million deal had been made 
for the fight, with Holyfield getting S30 
million ahd Lewis getting $20 nruUion. 
Abraham said King never revealed die 
amount of money that he was seeking 
for Holyfield. ■ 

Without Holyfield, Lewis would 
probably schedule a March fight with an 
opponent drawn from list that includes 
James “Buster” Douglas, Larry Don- 
ald and ShannonBriggs. Holyfield hasa 
mandatory WBA defense scheduled 
against Henry Akinwande. But both 
sides agree that Lewis-Holyfieid would 
- be the public's preference. 

(NYT, Reuters) 

■ Boxer Celebrating Victory Dies 

A Zambian boxer who went into a 
coma two days after winning the Com- 
monwealth light welterweight title on 
Dec. 13 has died, the Zambian sports 
minister, William Harrington, said 
Tuesday, Agence France-Presse report- 
ed from Lusaka. 

FelixBwalya fell into a coma after 


with juggling exhibitions during half- 
time at professional soccer games. He 
danced with the ball, making it float 
with his foot, his knee, his head, lost in 
impish rapture. When the referees tried 
to stop the boy and resume the games, 
the crowds booed. 

At 19, he led Argentina’s national 
youth team to a world championship. 

At 25, his conquest of die World Cup 
crowned him bes t of die best In the 200 
nations where soccer is a religion, God 
was a short burly figure charging into an 
array of rivals, tree-trunk limbs chop- 
ping, black curls flying, carving through 
the defense until even the goalkeeper 
sprawled behind him. And the magic 
left foot fired die ball into the net ‘ 

As the new year begins, Argentina’s 
soccer fens must lode ahead to others 
carrying their hopes in the 1998 World 
Cup. The season that ended last week- 
end seems to have brought the last sight- 
ing of Maradona as a player. 

Unlike Eva Peron, another 20tb-cen- 
ttny Argentine idol, Maradona did not 
die young and leave a legend frozen in 
its prime. In the 1990s, he has tottered 
through a prolonged decline, a painfully 
public struggle between two addictions: 
soccer and cocaine. 

After yet another comeback this fall 
disintegrated into yet another soap op- 
era involving allegations of drug use, 
Maradona uttered the words he had said 
before but never meant: I quit. The 
sudden pronouncement came during an 
agitated phone call to a radio show on 
the eve of his 37th birthday on Oct. 30. It 
was the sixth time he had retired. 

“This will be the saddest birthday of 
my life,” Maradona said. “The soccer 
player is no more. No one is sadder 
about this than me.” 

He. retreated into seclusion. In early 
December, during the announcement in 
France of the draw for next summer’s 
World Cup, French fens held up abanner 
with a picture of Maradona and a forlorn 
slogan: ‘‘There is only one God.” 

“It is hard to say who the real 
Maradona is,” said Guillermo Blanco, 
his former press spokesman. ‘ ‘He has all 
the h uman qualities that we all have. But 
most of us maintain a balance. He takes 
every quality to the exponential level. 
When he is kind, he is the kindest of al L 
When he is bad, he is really bad.” 

Most Argentineans adore Maradona 
as a prodigal son who brought them 
global glory. They are proud that he can't 
walk down the street in Japan, Saudi 
Arabia or Nigeria without being 
mobbed. 

■Off the field, Maradona has made 
news with his mouth. He unloads verbal 
volleys at club owners, coaches, politi- 
cians, international sports officials and 
journalists. (He has also been charged 
with sniping at reporters with an air 
gun.) He sides with Third World against 
First, worker against boss. He admires 
Fidel Castro and talks about moving to 
Cuba. In Italy, he transformed the un- 
successful Naples team into a champion 
and waved the banner of the poorer 
South against haughty North. 

“He has a need for confrontation,” 
Blanco said. “He knows that be belongs 
to those on the bottom. He will never 
forget that there was a foreman who 
mistreated his father back in Com- 
en tes.” 

Maradona puts it this way: “The 
people in the street support Maradona 
And no one will ever break that” 

But the loyalty of the masses was 
tested by the chaotic final chapter. It was 
the latest of half a dozen comebacks 
since the night in 1991 when police 
hauled a dazed, unshaven Maradona out 


played his last game: he spent time at a 

Swiss rehabilitation clinic. 

Despite his earlier vow. Maradona 
signed a contract with Boca for the fall 
season. He trained in Canada with an 
unlik ely fitness coach. Ben Johnso n, the 
Olympic sprinter who was banned from 
competition for steroid use. Maradona 
lostaLrnost 20 pounds. Ho looked good. 
Maradona had risen out of the ashes into 
fighting shape before. 

He did it in Barcelona in 198^. after 
Andoni Goicocheo, a notorious Basque 
fullback, demolished his ankle with a 
thuggish tackle, and after the U.S. 
World Cup in 1994. when he got kicked 
out in raid-tournament al ter a drug test 
tu rned up a “cocktail" of stimulants. 


HIS SEASON, fens saw flashes 
of the old brilliance. He panted 


I of the old brilliance. He panted 
for breath, but could still deliver 
laser-sharp passes and unleash an un- 
canny stutter-step. There was talk that 
he should be enlisted to play in the 
World Cup in France next summer. 

But after a game in August, his name 
rame up for a random urine test. The 
results were positive. Cocaine, the ru- 
mors said, although officiaLs did not 
specify. Maradona was suspended. 

Maradona peaked in the 1980s. lead- 
ing Argentina to the World Cup victory 
and Naples to two league titles. His 
addiction had begun by then. 

Maradona felt at home among the 
festive, streetwise Neapolitans. He 
partied wife Mafia bosses. Maradona’s 
tribulations multiplied: police investiga- 
tions for involvement in prostitution and 
trafficking, a paternity suit A failed drug 
test sent him packing to Buenos Aires. 


Throughout his ordeals. Maradona 
stumbled back and forth between family 


of a crash rad here and arrested him on 
charges of possessing cocaine. He ad- 


charges of possessing cocaine. He ad- 
mitted to a longtime addiction. 

During fee next five years, Maradona 


and entourage, fee staunch stay-at- 
home father one moment and the party- 
goer running wild in flashy clubs the 
next. ' *1 think that is his drama: knowing 
that despite all the love he feels for his 
kids, he has not been able to use that 
love to overcome his addiction," Rafael 
said. “It’s impossible to grasp the di- 
mensions of the feme he carries through 
the world. Soccer is a passion, like all 
passions it is totally irrational. How can 
we expect this kid to handle that kind of 
burden?” 

After his suspension was lifted this 
fall Maradona played a few undistin- 
guished games in October. The recep- 
tion from the Boca fans cooled. His 
rauch-anticipaied. this-time-for-sure re- 
tirement was greeted wife relief among 
those who felt he had done unnecessary 
damage to his body and his image. 

Maradona does not have fee person- 
ality of an ex-player who will slide 
easily into a new career as a sportscastcr 
or as a coach, although both are pros- 
pects. On Dec. 7, he broke weeks of 
silence to announce plans for a farewell 
world tour with a team of rookies and 
fellow veteran stars. 

So fee long good-bye will continue. Its 
most heartfelt moments will come from 
the streets, from fee people who wanted 
to believe every time he took fee field and 
who suffered every setback as if it were a 
family tragedy. People such as Hugo 
Emilio Cossa of the province of Santa Fe, 
fee author of a letter to the editor last 
month in the sports weekly Ole. 

“How do I make my son understand 
that he was fee best, that there will never 
be another like him?" Cossa wrote. 
“My son, that guy you see there was the 
greatest. His left foot was a pentagram 
of musical notes. When his 'foot 
caressed fee ball ... he made it go 
places where a normal person could not 
send it with his bands.” 

44 The letter ended wife these words: 
My son dries his tears because he sees 
how his father sheds tears for a soccer 
player whose name was Diego Ar- 
mando Maradona,” 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


PAGE 15 



SPORTS 


Giants’ Chief Rookie Gets His Due 

Fassel, NFL’s Coach of the Year, Wishes He Could Call His Dad 


By Bill Pennington 

New York Tima Service 


N 


Kuhy Wjlk^Ite. 

Ulf Samueisson of the New York Rangers, wearing No. 5, battling for the puck with Alexander Selivanov, No. 
29, of the Tampa Bay Lightning as the Rangers’ goaltender looks on. The Rangers won, 4-1. 

Kurri Gives Himself Christmas Record 


i.,„ 


The Associated Press 

Although be no longer plays alongside 
Wayne Gretzky, Jari Kurri joined his 
former teammate in an exclusive club. 

. Kurri. who played with Gretzky in 
Edmonton and Los Angeles, scored his 
600th career goal Tuesday night, as 
Colorado Avalanche bear the Kings, 5- 


1 . It was the highlight of the last evening 
of games before the National Hockey 
League's brief Christmas break. 

Kurri became the eighth player in 
NHL history to score 600 goals, and is 
1 3 assists shy of becoming the sixth with 
600 goals and 800 assists. The only other 
active players with 600 goals are Gret- 


zky and Mike Gartner, while Gretzky is 
the lone active 600-800 member. 

‘ ‘It is a relief to get it over with, '* Kurd 
said. Kurri got his milestone goal by 
converting a cross-ice pass from Alexei 
Gusarov at 3:21 of the first period. 

‘ ‘That was a vintage Jari Krari goal, ’ * 
said Marc Crawford, Colorado's coach. 


Lame-Duck Jackson Fastest to No. 500 


The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — Phil Jackson reached 
500 victories faster than any other coach 
in NBA history, then gave credit to just 
about everyone — even the owner and 
general manager who are asking him to 
leave the Chicago Bulls after this sea- 
son. 

*it’s really a reflection on this team 
and this organization and the record- 
setting players," Jackson said Tuesday 
night after his Chicago B ulls beat the Los 
Angeles Clippers. 94-89, behind Dennis 
Rodman's 25 rebounds and Michael 


Jordan’s 27 points. It was the last even- 
ing of games before the National Bas- 
ketball Association’s holiday break. 

"Motivation isn’t something you 
teach players,*’ Jackson said. "They 
have to bring that to the game them- 
selves. 

"This organization. Jerry Krause and 
his staff have found players that have 
that kind of motivation,” Jackson ad- 
ded, referring to the Bulls’ general man- 
ager. 

In addition to earning No. 500 in his 
68 2d game — two games faster than die 


Miami Heat's coach. Pat Riley, did — 
Jackson has coacbed.the Bulls to live of 
the last seven NBA titles. 

Nevertheless, he has agreed to step 
aside after this season at the request of 
Krause and die team's owner, Jerry Re- 
insdorf. "This is pretty much of a mu- 
ni al agreement thk we’ve made, Jerry 
Reinsdorf and I," Jackson said. 

Jordan, however, thinks his coach is 
being pushed out die door. He reiterated 
his plan to retire if Jackson goes. 

"It baffles me to understand that he’s 
not welcome,” Jordan said. 


EW YORK — The New York 
Giants hadjust won the National 
Football Conference's Eastern 
Division with a victory over the Wash- 
ington Redskins that completed a start- 
ling last-to-first renaissance before the. 
Giants’ biggest home crowd ever. 

Giants fans — resurrected, refreshed 
and renewed — had cheered the ***** 
and its rookie head coach, Jim Fassel. 
off the Giants Stadium field. 

Fassel had received his first sideline 
Gatorade shower from his players, and 
be had individually thanked each of 
them at their lockers. He had hugged his 
wife, Kitty, and each of his four chil- 
dren. 

There were group bugs for friends, 
then personal thanks to the team's gen- 
eral manager, George Young, and the 
team’s owners, Wellington Mara and 
Bob TSsch. 

Finally, there was one more person 
Fassel wanted to t hanlq for a fleeting 
moment he thought of making one last, 
important phone call. "I thought about 
calling my dad," Fassel said, seated in 
his office. "I don’t know if I should say 
that, but I did." 

Bud Fassel, the father whose dreams 
of being a coach were realized in his 
ooly son, died five years ago in an 
automobile accident 

On Wednesday, the son was named 
the National Football League 's coach of 
the year by The Associated Press, an 
award that recognizes the revival of a 
team that had limped through two 
dreary, lifeless seasons in a row before 
Fassel arrived. 

"My heart went out to Jim when he 
told me he wanted to call his dad,' ' Kitty 
Fassel said later, "because his dad 
would have loved this. Jim is a guy who 
wants to make everything better. He’s 
the guy who fixes what’s wrong. Bud’s 
death is the one thing be can’t fix.” 

Fassel instead called his mother, 
Dorothy, and his two sisters, Debbie and 
Linda, in Arizona. 

"Before every game, ray dad used to 
always tell Jim: ‘Hey, don’t forget to 
have fun,' ’’ Debbie Richards. Jim Fas- 


sel’s younger sister, said in a telephone 
interview Monday. “We all know how 
much it would have meant for my dad to 
be around for this. But Jim knows Dad 
would have been proud of him.” 

Bud Fassel was the assistant fire chief 
in his native Anaheim. California, until 
he decided in 1955 to take a job with 
more regular hours so he could spend 
more time with his family. His neighbor 
across the street was Claire Van 
Horrbeke. the Anaheim High School 
football coach who would become a 
legend in Southern California scholastic 
sports. Van Horrbeke was creating a 
new position for his program: a full- 
time equipment man. 

Bud Fassel took the job. and his son 
began spending all his time at the Ana- 
heim High athletic complex. "The two 
of them were always down at that 
gym," Dorothy Fassel said. "Oh, the 
hours they spent together." 

There were uniforms to wash and foot- 
ball helmets to repair and conversations 
with the various coaches about their 
teams and their players. "My dad always 
wanted to be a coach,” Jim Fassel said. 
“But he had been in the war and hadn’t 
gone to college, and he didn't have his 
teaching certificate. But all the coaches 
marveled in how he handled people. 

"If some kid wanted to quit, the 
coach would tell him to go turn in his 
uniform to my dad. Nobody ever quit 
Guys didn’t get past my dad. He talked 
them out of it.” 

For years. Bud Fassel also ordered 
extra basketball shoes and athletic ap- 
parel. And then, as if by some miracle of 
fair play, this surplus always showed up 
on the Anaheim Hjgh students who 
didn’t have the means to buy the equip- 
ment themselves. 

Little wonder, after Bud Fassel 's 
death, that Jim set up a memorial fund in 
his father’s name that assists .Anaheim 
students from underprivileged homes. 
“He knew everything, even" which kids 
didn’t have lunch money." Jim Fassel 
said of his father. "He'd have my moth- 
er make extra sandwiches, and he’d 
bring them to school and leave them in 
kids’ lockers. 

"I learned everything about how to 
relate to people from him. How to ob- 


serve and get along with them, too- 

The team concept, that no single play- 
er is bigger than tne whole, has been an 
important element of every motivation- 
al effort Fassel has made with this year’s 
Giants. He knew that last year’s Giants 
were bitterly divided — defense against 
offense. Fassel insisted that they come 
together. 

This year’s Giants have also learned 
another Fassel rule: Do not shirk your 
responsibilities to the team by giving 
less than your best effort. When Fassel, 
48, was handed the Giants' job last 
January after spending 1996 as the of- 
fensive coordinator and quarterbacks 
coach for the Arizona Cardinals, people 
said he looked like a software engineer, 
a kindergarten teacher or a bank ex- 
ecutive. 

Kitty Fassel. married to Jim for 27 
years, knew better. “He is a wolf in 
sheep’s clothing,” she said. "Player 
beware.” 

T HE PLAYERS learned early of 
Fassel’s temper. Tardiness was 
inexcusable, even in the laid-back 
atmosphere of the spring minicamps. 
When the Giants lost their second ex- 
hibition game. Fassel blistered the team 
afterward, singling out players in front 
of their teammates. 

Said one player "I thought he was 
going to have a heart attack. Or make 
someone else have one.” 

Fas&el's sister, Debbie, said: "We 
never saw Jim’s temper. But I knew he 
wouldn’t be walked on. Because this is 
very, very important to him. The thing 
with Jim is, he has a lot more than he 
looks like he has.” 

After 25 years as a coach, Fassel has a 
team with 10 victories in one season. 
ThaFs a first. And the Giants are di- 
vision champs for the first time since 
their 1990 Super Bowl season. 

On Wednesday. Fassel received the 
biggest honor in his profession. He 
already has the respect of his colleagues 
and the trust of his players. 

"That’s the part that my dad would 
have wanted to hear most,” Debbie said. 
"More than the winning or the awards 
— that Jim’s well-liked. My dad would 
have liked that.” 




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. ChnUte 

1ft 

10 

415 

JP: 

• ■‘DdWI 

13 

IS 

464 

6t , i 

Mtmukee 


14 

MS 

6 '.i 

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24 

.111 

16 

vmm 

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id 


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w 

L 

Pd 

GB 

SabAntonto 

16 

10 

415 

— 

Utah 

16 

10 

415 

— 

Houston 

14 

9 

409 

■A 

Mlnaaala 

12 

14 

462 

t 


TBUMY'SHBUUS 

21 24 8. Sri- IS 

20 21 32 . 14— 99 

D: Flaky 12-222-2 28, Romos 5-11 6-71* 
C: Andereon 9-19«24HendenBin 10-74 0-0 
30. RsbSNNds Darias 38 CScbtT IQ. 
demands (Kemp 11). Assists— O iAib 23 
(Scott 9), Oavokvrd 29 CKrtgld 15). 
awMta 23 II 32 23- 94 

Boston 22 23 32 25-102 

C: Wee 10-26 0-0 21 PWHs 8-14 5-6 22; & 
Mater 13-21 34 2* Bairn 7-10 3-2 18. 
Rebounds— Chcriatte 55 (Dhrae 11), Boston 
47 (Dedatri ID). Assists— Cho riot* 22 
(Wester 9), BaMon 21 (Scores, MUhor 43. 
ULOtppoit 24 25 14 24— 89 

Chicago 19 20 21 34- M 

CUppas: Rogers 5-11 10-1 2 2a Marlin 4-13 
5-5 1*0 Jordan 9-249-1227, LongteyS-WI- 
2 11. Rebounds— U»s Anodes 52 (Wright 14), 
Chicago 49 (Rodman 25). Assftto— Los 
Angelas li (Rogers, Richardson 3), Chicago 
19 (Kufcoc, Rodman, Jordan « 

>D«ann 19 28 15 17— 79 

Sk Antonis 24 14 24 25- 91 

I: MBter7-139-102& Snots 7-liMU- SAj 
R obinson 15-24 943 3* Dunam 9-15 04 18. 
Rabaands-lndtana 44 CSmBs Q. San Antonio 
39 (Dunam 17). AsHm-indtono 14 
(AUndwoS). Son Antonio 19 (Johnson 11). 
Sdcnmwnto 25 17 20 20- 82 

Portland 24 19 25 23— 93 

S RWunond 10-14 M 3ft Wlfflomsnn 7-19 


4-5 1& Owens 7-14 4-5 1* P: Sabonta6-17 7- 
9 1* Grant 7-14 34 1 7, Andeaon 5-8 4-6 1 7. 
Mmtmrts - 5ncm nientu 40 CPtrtynice IQ, 
Portland 42 (Giant Sabonb 12}. 

Assists— Soarmenta 21 (Wffltensoa Owens 
51, Portland 15 (Wo Race 4). 

Minnesota - 22 20 38 30-172 

Santlfs 27 28 23 25-103 

M: Marbury 13-19 1-23& Gugliotto 10-16 2- 
223s S: Payton 12-193-627, ES1B7-134-522. 
Reborn*— Minnesota 45 [Garnett 10), 
Seattle 42 (Baker 11 J. Assists— Minnesota X 
(Marbary 7), Seattle 23 (Payton 6). 

Denver 19 29 20 J— 7S 

GoMhtSMo 25 22 15 25- 87 

D: Forts* 4-10 10-14 22, Efis 7 : 20 1-3 15; 
GS4 Smith B-21 6-1022, Manta* 9-120-0 30. 
Rebrands— Denver 51 (Garrett 13), Golden 
Stale 52 (5raBh IQ. Assists— Denver 20 
Oockson 6), Golden State 27 (Shaw 7). 


ICE HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


WKSTBtNl 

toraiMCK 



CENTRAL DltflUON 




w 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Dufos 

25 

9 

4 

54 

121 

78 

Detroit 

22 

9 

7 

51 

125 

94 

St Look 

■ 22 

12 

5 

49 

114 

90 

Phoente 

is 

Id 

7 

35 

99 

104 

Tonnrio 

13 

17 

5 

31 

83 

97 

Cfucago 

11 

18 

7 

29 

77 

87 


W 

L 

T 

Pto 

GF 

GA 

Colorado 

19 

8 11 

49 

115 

94 

Los Angeles 

15 

15 

6 

36 

103 

102 

Sen Jose 

14 

18 

4 

32 

91 

TOO 

Anaheim - 

* 13 

18 

-6r 

32 

87 

112 

Edmonton 

11 

18 

9 

31 

90 

111 

Calgary 

10 21 

8 

28 

96 

118 

Vancouver 

11 

21 

5 

27 

104 

125 

TunoArstnuns 



Detroit 




I 

1 

1—3 

Buffalo 




1 

• 

0-1 


ATLANTIC DM8IOM 



W 

L T 

Pis 

GF 

GA 

ni«tte»i 1 islnliln 
rTtmicratprra 

21 

9 

7 

49 

105 

80 

New Jersey 

23 10 

2 

48 

107 

68 

Washington 

16 

13 

8 

40 

104 

99 

N.Y. tsfemders 

15 

16 

5 

35 

98 

94 

N.Y. Rang ere 

11 

16 12 

34 

100 

106 

Florida 

12 

20 

S 

29 

90 

111 

Tampa Bay 

7 22 

7 

21 

45 

in 

NORTHEAST DtVtBKM 



Pittsburgh 

18 

11 

8 

44 

100 

88 

Montreal 

19 

15 

5 

43 

113 

97 

Ottawa 

17 

17 

4 

38 

96 

90 

Boston 

16 

15 

6 

38 

93 

96 

Gudina 

13 

19 

5 

31 

94 

104 

Buffalo 

12 

17 

6 

30 

84 

94 


1st PsM D-McCarty 10 0Jd5tnvn) (■». 
Z B- Plante 7 (May) 28 Porto* D- Eriksson 4 
(Yfcemurv Kozlov) 3d Period: D-Mnttty 3k 
Shots on got* D- 7-11-13-30. B- 11-7-9-27. 
CooEos: D-Osgood. B-Hosofc. 

New Jersey 1 0 0 0—1 

Washington 0 0 10—1 

1st Period: NJ^MdCcy 12 (Pederson, 
Boatbanfir) 2d Psrio* None. 3d Period: W- 
Mfiferi (Hornet) tstt. Overtime: None. Shots 
an goak NJ.- 9-74—2—24. W- 11-13-B- 
3—34. GoaBese NJ.-Brodeor. W-Rorrtort. 
Montreal '10 2 0-3 

Ottawa 10 2 1-4 

1st Period: M-Buteaa & Z O-YcsNn 15 
(McEodwm} (pp). 2d Period: Norte. 3d 
Peffoft&Yash*16(DockdLU!ufckonen)4 

M-Oark 1 CRocmsVy, Dampftousse) S, O- 
ZhotlDk 5 (Redden) (pp). 4 M-Recdd 17 
(Sauogw Kotai) Overtime: 7. O-PWBIps 3. 
Shots on goal: M- 5-7-1 0-0—22. 0- 13-10-7- 
3-32. GouBes: M-Moog. O-Tugnult 


Tampa Bay 
ILY. Rangers 


0 0 1-1 
2 1.1—4 


1st Period: NY-G raves 9 (VoroWev, 
Gretzky) CppJ. Z NY-Slevera 10 (Gretzky, 
Finley) 2d Parted: NY-Korpovtsev3 (Gretzky, 
Stevens) 3d Peris* T-Longkow 4 (Husaotl) 
& NY-Kame 7 (Sweeney, Graves) (en). 
Shots en god: T- 9-5-16— 3a NY- 14-14- 
5-33. Goalies.- T-Puppa. NY- RMriar. 
Cnrutau 1 0 1-2 

Phfedefchia 2 1 1-4 

1st PeriotP-Desionlins 5 (Forbes. Otto) Z 
P-PDdeln 6 (Forte* Coffey) 3. C-Robpts 9 
(Prtmeou, Emerson) 2d Perturb P-Grutton B 
(Zirferus, LeOair) 3d Period: C-Emetson 11 . 
(Cfibsson 5rjndeoon)'6. P-Brtntf Amour 15 
(DesfewSns) fealAsfe on geafcC-l 1-39-21 * 
P-13-9-9-31. Godte G-Buite. P-Hrsdafl. 

St. Louie 1 1 1—3 

Florida 0 0 2-2 

1st Porto* SI— Courinall 15 (Compbel, 
McAIpkte) 2d Porto* SJ-Crmpbefl 9 (Tur- 
ectfe. Zabransky) (pp).3d Porto* SX.-Ydk* 7 
fTurgeoa Pronguri.4 F- Whitney 11 [Dvorak, 
Washburn) & F-SveKa 5 (Whitney) Carkner) 
Shots an goal: SI— 13-54-23, F- 6-12-8-26. 
GeaSos: S.L— McLennan. F-VonUesbraudc. 
Edmonton 0 l 3-4 

Taranto 2 1 2—5 

1st Porto* T-Sondln 14 (McCouta* On*) 

Z T -Sullivan 4 (Berezin, DJGng) 2d Porto* 
E-Mfefght 12 (Amotl). 4 T-,5dmeider 3 (Joh- 
nson, SnrxSn) 3d Period— 5, T -Clark 9 (Mo- 
dbb McCauley) * E-Grier 3 (Mironov, Deve- 
reauO 7, T-KJOng 1 (Schmddert 8. E-deVries 
5 (McGfllb Budibergeri 9, E-Smyth 13 (Ar- 
nett LiiKferen) Shah an goabE- 12-6-15-33. 
T- 14 9 6 29. Gordlori E-Joseph. T-PoMn. 
Los Angelos 1 D 0—1 

fniiusufa 1 4 q -g 

1st Perio* C-Krrrri 4 (Gusarov, SakJd Z 
Los Angeles. Bloks 7 (Murray. StumpeQ 
(pp).2d Perto* C-Uarata 7 (Corbet Ktemm). 

4, GFersberg 15 (Komensky, Lembud & C-, 
Lemleuk 12 (Kamensky, Gusarov) (pp). * C- 
Knrpp 4 (Foreberg. Krsnensky) (pp). 3d 


Porto* None. Shots on goak LA.- 4-7-7— 20. 
C- 13-14-13-41. Gordies: LA.-FtseL C-Roy. 

Qrtgory 0 0 2 0-2 

Phoenix 0 0 2 8-2 

1st Petto* None. 2d Perio* None. 3d 
Petto* P- PeW 2 (Corkum) Z C-. Morris 5 
(Reury. Cossets) (pp). X P- Petit 3 (Jonrtey, 
Tkochuk) 4, C-Woid 1 (Allison, Huteo) OT: 
None. Shots on go*: C- 10-8-7-3-28. P- 12-6- 
90-27. Goofies: C-Roloson. P- KhobibuRn. 
DaJlos 2 0 1-3 

Voocowor 0 10-1 

M Perio* D-Hrfcoc3 (Reid, Veibeek) (nr). 
Z D-Hateher3 (Chambers. Lehtrnen) (pp). 2d 
Peru* v-Buie 23 (Hedcna Messier) (pp). 
3d Perio* D-LeWinen ll (Langenbramer. 
Sydor) (pp). Shots do god: D- 7-144-27. V- 
4-10-8-44. Gwdhs D-Tlrrek. VIMcLean. 


1 *97 WO*LO RANX1HGS 

1. Greg Norman, Ausheb 1 1J9 points 
Z Tiger Woods; U5,10J6 
3L Nick Price, Zimbabwe, 9.93 

4. Ernie Els, South Africa. 9A9 

5. Dovfc LovellL 9D9 
6- PhR Mfckebon, U J , ZJ3 

7. Co8n Montgomerie, Britain, 85B 
& Masashl OzakL Jopars 6D5 
9. Tom Lehman U.S. 8X0 
1& Main O'Meara U5. 7.98 
1 1. Jusfin Leonoi* Ui- 7D0 
1Z DovW DuvoL U^. 6JB7 
IX Scott HocJwU5.6l 85 
14. Brad Faxon. UA.4A6 

li Vpoy Singh, Fgl 4J4 

14. Slew EAingtoa AustraBa. 649 

17- Nidi Fold* Britain, 444 

18. Jespor Pamevfk. Swodea 5.70 

19. Torn Wotsen, U5. 547 
20 l Fred Coupler U.S 547 


TRANSITIONS 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 

anahEim— O ecUrred to offer 1998 contract 
to OF Tony Phillips. 

Balumohe— Dedlned to offer 1998 con- 
tracts to OF Gernnimo Berrao and 3B WBlie 
Otanez. 

Boston— Agreed to terms with OF Darren 
Lewis on 1 -year contract 

DBTRorp— Declined to offer 1998 contracts 
to IB Bob Hamd&nand RHP Fernando Her- 
nando. 

Kansas c/TY-Agreed to terms wBh 1 B Hal 
Morris. 

Minnesota— S eid IB Scott stahoiriak out- 
right to Sait Lake al PCL 

NEW YOBX— Agreed to terns with RHP 
Darren Holmes on 3-year c o ntract 

OAKLAND— Agreed to terms with OF Shane 
Mock on 1 -year contract 

Seattle— A greed to terras with LHP Tim 
Dove on one-year contract. 

TAMPA RAY— Declined to offer 1998 mo- 
nad to LHP Ryan Karp. 

TEXAS-Agieed to terms with RHP Roger 
Pavlik on l-veor contract amt INF Scott Coop- 
er on minor-league contract. 

Toronto— D edlned tooffer 1998 contracts 
to 2B CariDS Garda and INF Jeff Patzke. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

Arizona— Named Ralph Nelson director of 
basebal operations. Ron Hussey and Sandy 
Johnson special assistants to general man- 
ager and promoted Mock Babiir to sped* 
assistant to gowns manager. 

ATLANTA— Dedlned to offer 1998 contracts 
to 2B Mike Montreal ond C Tim Spehr. 
Agreed to term* with RHP Brian Edmondson 
on 1 -year centred. 

CINCINNATI— Signed OF Mehta Nieves To 1- 
ycar contract Renewed the contracts of Greg 


Lyna trainer and Marti Mam assistant 
trainer. 

coLORATO-DecSned to offer 1 998 contract 
to RHP Steve Reed. 

Milwaukee— D edined to offer 1998 con- 
tradtoOF AAottMleske- 
montseal— D edlned lo offer 1996 coo- 
had to INF Andy Stonklewlcz. 

.new roue— Traded OF Cart Everett to 
Houston for RHP John Hudek. 

Philadelphia— T raded 2B Mickey Mo- 
randlid to Chknga (or OF Doug GteMUe. 
Agreed to terms wflli INF Mark Lewis on 1- 
yeor contract 

SAN FRAiraSCO-SIgned RHP Steve Reed 
to 1 -year contract artlh 1 -yew option. 

st. lous CARDnuus-Decflned to offer 
1998 mntmets to RHP Brian Barber and OF 
Miguel Mejia. 


NADONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION 
orlando— Signed F Donald RoyaL 
Waived G CartThomas. 

saouuhentb— S igned F Mark Hendrick- 
son. Put F Lawrence Funderburfce on the 
inferred GsL 


national football league 
ARIZONA— Fired Dick Jamieson offensive 

coordinator. 

new orleans- 5 Igned TE Marcus Hin- 
ton. 

SAN FRANCISC O Pieced WR Jerry Rice on 
inferred i 


NEBRASKA— Suspended Brendan Drum, 
sophomore long snapper, todeftadrety offer 
r hint-degree misdemeanor assault charge. 

penn state— S uspended junior RB Curtis 
E nfc far aa^pting gifts from sports agent 
WEBER— Named Jerry Groybeal toatbo* 
coach. 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 









Arts 4k Antiques 

.V^Rtuti rvm Sutunlay. 

Tw mhvrti** run tart Sarah Wnihof 
in «ir Lutniun .nflirwc 
Tnl.L + «l.7i430(Kti6 
. Fax- 4 -I4-1 71 420 0338 

nr yuur iMtanrrt IHT 
ur tvjavNrnluriAv-. 




















PAGE 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1997 


POSTCARD 

Look Who's Talking 


By Paula Span 

WdjJungtun Pair Service 

N EW YORK — Here in 
the City Thai Never Shuts 
Up, we've grown accustomed 
to talking taxis. They're on 
your case as soon as you slide 
into your seat, nagging you — 
• via a digital-chip “audio re- 
minder device” — to buckle 
your seat belL They bug you 
on your way out, too. 

At first the taxis spoke in a 
uniquely outer-borough bleat. 
Then they acquired celebrity 
voices: Dr. Ruth Westheimer 
reminds you not to leave stuff 
in the cab, and then squeaks. 
“I’m glad we had this little 
talk.” Joan Rivers compli- 
ments your fashion sense 
(“that color is you”). Eartha 
Kitt growls. 

Now the city's buses are 
about to pipe up as welL The 
next batch of 350 new 
coaches, to be delivered next 
year, will spout their routes 
and destinations, both inside 
and outside, at every stop. In- 
formation, safety, fewer lost 
possessions — the agencies 
involved cite unassailable rea- 
sons for this increased jabber. 

□ 

Last year, New York’s Taxi 
and Limousine Commission 
began requiring meter man- 
ufacturers to add the device 
that creates gabbing cabs. The 
TLC provided a script, ad- 
vising exiting passengers to 
lake receipts and to remember 
their property. But the meter 
companies could select any- 
one to read the script. leading 
to a cacophony of voices in 
accents -or-many- lands. 

The best-known belonged 
to Victoria Drakoulis of 
Queens, a secretary at Pulsar 
Technologies, who reminded 
people, in a distinctive honk, 
to take their “personal be- 
lawngings.” The TLC began 
hearing ffonx fans who rel- 


ished her accent, critics who 
found it annoyingly stereotyp- 
ical and bewildered visitors 
who had no idea what she was 
saying. The publisher of Taxi 
Talk, a trade paper, dubbed 
her “that yenla from hell.'’ 

On. then, to a professional 
voice-over actress. “Her stock 
in trade was the neutral, un- 
accented voice.” says spokes- 
man Allan From berg of the 
TLC, which mandated that all 
of New York’s 12,187 medal- 
lion cabs use the new record- 
ing. It was intelligible, bland, a 
bit Midwestern ( in these parts, 
not 3 compliment). 

□ 

Last summer, the anony- 
mous reminder gave way ro 
name-brand voices. The com- 
mission recruited “people we 
thought would provide fim 
and be persuasive,” to tape 
messages for both entering 
and exiting passengers. That 
led to cabs that sounded like 
the comedian Jackie Mason, 
Placido Domingo, the Yan- 
kees' manager, Joe Torre, and 
the actor Judd Hirsch. 

Just in time to keep drivers 
from utter madness — a 
cabby listens to the same an- 
nouncement all day — a 
dozen new stars wlU make 
their taxi debuts next month. 
The TLC, milking the sus- 
pense. has not yet divulged 
ihereplacements' names. 

□ 

There's some evidence lhat 
the program is effective: Lost- 
property reports have dropped 
20 percent since cabs started 
talking. Consumers calling 
with complaints are providing 
more detailed information, in- 
cluding cab numbers, which 
suggests that more are taking 
receipts. As for seat-belt use, 
the evidence is “anecdotal” 
but encouraging, Fromberg 
says. The mayor's, office has 
launched a formal study. 



Woody and Soon- Yi: Will It Play in Manhattan? 


By Glenn Collins 

New York Tones Service 


N EW YORK — But how will it affect his 
career? This, rather than questions of 
ethical propriety or a spontaneous outpouring 
of wedding felicitations, seemed to be the 
most visceral reaction of many in New York 
— a city notorious for its’ career-driven popu- 
lace — on lear ning that Woody Allen had 
married Soon-Yi Previn, the adopted daugh- 
ter of his former lover. Mia Farrow. 

Although the wedding of the 62-year-old 
Allen and the 27-year-old Previn took place 
in Venice, many spoke of it as a uniquely 
New York event. The marriage gave rise to 
video-store debate and street-comer spec- 
ulation about what it would be like for Allen 
to have Mia Farrow as his mother-in-law. 

Friends, naturally, portrayed the marriage 
positively. ' ‘This wedding will help his head 
as well as his career,” said Elaine Kaufman, 
proprietor of the celebrity restaurant Elaine’s, 
who has known the director for decades. 

1 “He’s clearing up any question that anybody 
might have about Soon-YL” 

Allen “is happier than I’ve ever seen 
him.” said Kaufman, who spent time with 
him several weeks ago when he shot a scene 
for his next movie, "Celebrity,” at her res- 
taurant 

But others were less charitable. * T think his 
film career is flirting with real trouble,’ ’ said 
Raoul Lionel Felder, a Manhattan divorce 
lawyer. “People seem to have accepted the 
fact that the two were living together as one 
more sick relationship in a sick world. But 
now the idea of a wedding will infringe on 
moviegoers' sense of propriety.” The marriage is Previn’s 
first: Allen was previously married to Harlen Rosen and the 
actress Louise Lasser. 

The couple were married in a private ceremony with a small 
group of friends and family members at Palazzo Cavaili, the 
Venice city hail, on Tuesday afternoon. Officiating was the 
city’s bearded mayor, Massimo Cacciari, a published phi- 
losopher and intellectual gadabout who could easily be a 
character in a Woody Allen film. And now possibly will be. 

After the wedding, the happy couple were hounded down 
the serpentine streets of the city by paparazzi and television 
crews, and then traveled on to Paris. * T have nothing much 
to say.” Allen commented when their plane landed. 

They were married Tuesday “because the timing felt 
right for them.' ’ said Leslee Dart, Allen’s longtime publicity 
agenL “He's just finished a movie; she's ready to gradu- 
ate.' ’ She added that Soon-Yi expected to receive a master's 
degree in special education from Colombia University in the 
spring. 

Felder and others saw the decision to marry Soon-Yi as 


the au.se 10 raise money for ^ 

centered on inner 

custody battle for Satchel, die 
of Farrow and Allen, and their adopted 

Se custody case. Farm* Jecused 
Allen of g Fondling Dvlan. Allen was cleared 
of all charges, but lie was barred lrom un- 
supervised visits with the children, whose 
nameThwe been changed to Seatnu* amt 

E *John Springer, a spokesman lor 
said that “of course Mia wouldn t diymfy 
this event with a comment." 

The director’s marriage to m hf s pro- 
duced a convoluted skein of Ailen-Famw 
relationships that have echoes of tanuls liic 
in a L’il Abner cartoon. For example, wo ot 
Soon-Yi’s siblings, Seamus and hliza. nave 
now become her stepchildren. ' 

“After all the problems he s had with ihv 
Irish colleen, you’d think he’d go for a nice 
Jewish girl.” said the comediar i Phyllis 
Diller, who has known Allen for 35 wars. 

Woody Allen and his wife, Soon-Yi Previn, taking a gondola ride in Venice. oro wiling to accept 

evidence of a new, more publicly assertive Alien, as demon- a married Allen, said former Mayor Edwmti 1. Koch.^ Like 

... i - — . 


straied in his newest film, “Deconstructing Harry.” The 
movie is a brazenly autobiographical comedy in which the 
character played by Allen, the self-serving Harry B lock. 
wreaks havoc among those around him. He is a far cry from 
Allen’s traditional screen persona, the fey, self-deprecating 
schlemieL 

Allen's long-standing love affair with Previn seems to 
have coincided with his longstanding love affair with 
Venice. The city itself was a character in “Everyone Says I 
Love You,” Allen's 1996 film. For the last five years or so, 
Allen has spent Christmas and New Year's there, and was 
for awhile rumored to be buying a palazzo on the Grand 
Canal. 

“He has done a lot for the image of Venice,” said 
Cristiano Chiarot, the press officer for the 18th-century 
Fenice opera house there. 

Chiarot said Allen and the mayor of Venice had become 
friends during restoration efforts for die Fenice, before its 
destruction by fire in January 1996. Allen threw himself into 


many. I had trouble with the fact that people thought that she 
was his unofficial stepdaughter.” he satd. -But w^ tlu- 
passage of time, I don't feel that anymore. And I think this 
marriage will play well.” 

He added, * “Who knows, maybe this marriage means that 
Woody Allen can get off the psychiatrist's couch. 

Others offered chronological analysis. “She s iw obi for 
him,” said Tony Randall, 77. who is currently starring in 
“The Sunshine Boys” on Broadway and whose wire. 

Heather, is 27. . _ . . „ . 

“Will people care? Maybe,” said Donni Aron, a Rab- 
binical student at Hebrew Union College strolling among 
holiday shoppers on West Fourth Street. “But not as much 
in New York.” 

Kaufman predicted that the marriage would last. But 
Felder was less sanguine about the future. 

“I think they’re a little like the Duke and Duchess of 
Windsor," he said. “They’re basically trapped with each 
other, and they’ll forever be drifting through rime.” 


JAZZ 


PEOPLE 


William Collins Can’t Escape His Bootsy Alter Ego 


By Mike Zwerin 

fare motional Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — Bootsy ’s back. He never 
really went anywhere, but . . . well, 
he’s back 

Long-tall Bootsy, n€ William 
Collins with his famous star-shaped 
and studded eyeglasses, tried to run 
from his alias. 

And those silty stage-prop glasses 
somehow became a part of his every- 
day face. He could not leave them 
behind. Funk royalty or not. he began 
to be stifled rather than protected by his 
cool, successful persona. It took him 
years to learn how nor to be Bootsy. 
Forty-three now, Bootsy joined 

Those silly stage-prop 
glasses somehow 
became a part of his 
everyday face. 

James Brown, “The Godfather of 
Soul" at the age of 1 6. Then he played 
with George Clinton and Parliament 
Funkadelic with all its legendary off- 
shoots like P. Funk to say nothing of 
Bootsy ’s Rubber Band. 

He had a lot to do with developing 
the slap technique on the bass guitar, 
making style out of distortion. Bui 
this funk revolutionary almost blew it, 
like Jimi Hendrix and' Sly Stone blew 
it. He resembles both of them in vocal 
texture and in other ways. 

There’s a song with the title “In 
Funk We Trust" on his new album 
“Fresh Outta *P’ University" 
( WEA), his first in six years. Funk is'a 
word he learned he could trust, al- 
though it's about 50 percent show-biz 
by now (which is to some degree his 
own fault). 

As a teenager be was already a 
studio shark in his native Cincinnati. 
He backed op a lot of soul music acts 
on the King Record roster. James 
Brown, who was often in Cincinnati 
producing records of his own. learned 
about Bootsy and when all of a sudden 


he was in urgent need of a bass player 
in Columbus, Georgia, he flew him 
down. 

Bootsy joined Maceo Parker, Fred 
Wesley and the others backing up JB 
who had replaced a band called the 
Dapps. Brown with his usual savvy, 
named them the New Dapps. 

They're all stars in their own right 
now, particularly Parker. The name 
Maceo is in vogue in maternity wards 
— Lieutenant Fancy of “NYPD 
Blue” took care of a boy named 
Maceo; there's a restaurant in Paris 
named Maceo. (As yet, there are no 
reports of a boom in Bootsys.) 
Today’s younger bands and rappers 
often sound like and sample diem. 
Their licks have become so immortal 
that Bootsy finds himself sampling 
himself, which is kind of like moving 
money from one pocket to another. 

Brown was authoritarian, big-time. 
His sidemen were fined for kfinkere, 
unpressed suits and ons hired shoes. 
Bootsy was still a rebellious teenager, 
(here was bound to be trouble sooner 
or later. He was always trying to 
please this hard-to-please father fig- 
ure. JB would talk about “you can’t 
do this, you got to do that Why don't 
you straighten up?” 

Now Bootsy can look back and un- 
derstand that the discipline was prob- 
ably good for him; he had no father at 
home. But he did not see it that way 
then. “Show up on time, keep yourself 
clean, smile . . Enough, already. 

Bootsy has referred to his days with 
Brown as “my acid days.” One night 
he took a trip just before curtain time. 
That was asking for it WelL it was 
time to move on anyway. He wanted 
to make the music that was being 
called Psychedelic rather titan soul 
music. He shared an interest in psy- 
chedelia with Hendrix and Stone. 

Fortunately, he met George Clin- 
ton, who also shared such an interest 
but knew how to keep it under control 
and how to fashion it creatively. He 
had learned how to please large 
largely white audiences. P. Funk ex- 
plored new heights and broke records. 
Like the Grateful Dead and Sun Ra, 



OiTtHun Row 

Bootsy Collins in full regalia. 

they were a commune as much as a 
performing band. 

“Wow!” Bootsy exclaims (often). 
“George was great. I finally had some- 
body I could get stupid with. Some- 
body to freak out with girls with. 
George would say to me, ‘What do you 
feel like doing today?’ I’d say 
something like T feel like playing 
drums.' And that would be just fine.” 
Bootsy told New Funk Times: 
“Funk was a bad word when George 
and I came up with the first stuff. 
Wasn’t too many people talking about 
f unk. It was almost illegal to say it on 
the air. It was kinda rowdy. ’ ’ 

The word “funk" sounds as 
though it ought to be illegal somehow. 
And the sound is as much of a state- 
ment as the meaning, which is still up' 


for discussion. The meaning can be 
pretty much wherever the sound takes 
you. 

By 1984, he got “really tired of 
being this Bootsy cat. It started eating 
me up. Wow! I couldn’t just put on a 
pair of jeans and a T-shirt and go 
down to the store. People would rec- 
ognize me. On the one hand it's nice 
to be recognized, you know, but it got 
to be just too much. 

“I wanted to stop for awhile, chill 
out, but everybody seemed to have a 
pah of me. They wanted me to go on 
being Bootsy. I wanted to be a regular 
guy, a musician like the other guys. 
But I didn’t know how. I’d been a 
’personality’ since I was 16. It wasn’t 
fatigue. Call it by its real name. 
Burnout. Total burnout.” 

He began to turn down 5100,000 
stadium concerts. His people asked 
him: “Are you crazy?” Nobody 
seemed to understand: “It had me 
talking to myself. It was sure lonely 
out there.” 

“When you don’t know what to 
do,” his mother advised him, "just 
stopfor awhile. Do nothing. And Wil- 
liam. you're in the house now. You 
can take those glasses off.” 

So he disappeared into the record- 
ing studios. With their nature, often in 
out-of-the-way places with working 
hours often late at night, it can be said 
that the disappearance was physical 
as well as figurative. 

He worked with the respected pro- 
ducer Bill Laswell — recording with 
people like Cyndi Lauper, Herbie 
Hancock and Ryuichi Sakamoto. And 
there was now time to experiment on 
his own. He broadened his point of 
view. These woe “real sessions with 
real people.” and they often ended 
with music-talk over breakfast Wil- 
liam Collins learned how to get away 
from "this Bootsy cat.” 

After awhile, however, he began to 
miss die big crowds and the excite- 


ment and the big money that comes 
with being in a popular traveling 
band. He longed for the fury of the 


road again. Anonymity, it rums out 
goes only so far. So, Bootsy *s back. 


F AME may not be fleeting 
at Hollywood’s Chinese 
Theater, but it definitely 
moves 'around. Michael 
Keaton’s hand and footprints 
were recorded in concrete in 
the famous Plaza of the Stars 
at the time of ‘ “Batman2.” He 
was put next to the box office, 
near where Douglas Fair- 
banks and Norma Taimadge 
left their marks in 1927, when 
the theater opened. Then he 
was moved when Tom 
Cruse joined the club after 
"The Finn. ” Now he has 
been relocated again, to make 
room for Mel Gibson, and 
moved to the back of the theat- 
er. It could be worse — his 
new neighbors are Marilyn 
Monroe and'jane Russell. 

□ 

The two sons of Diana, 

Princess of Wales, attended 
church on Christmas Day 
with their father and listened 
to the priest pay tribute to their mother and 
other “loved ones” who had died. Prince 
William, 15, and Prince Harry, 13, joined 14 
other members of the royal family at the 
parish church at Sandringham — where their 
mother was christened. The princes walked to 
the church from the Norfolk estate of their 
grandmother, Queen Elizabeth n, where 
they are spending the holidays. More than a 
thousand well wishers showered the princes 
with Christmas presents, candy and flowers. 
During the service, relayed to people outside 
by loudspeakers. Canon George Hall told 
the congregation: “We thank God for Diana, 
Princess of Wales, and for all our loved ones 
who have departed this life.” D iana was 
killed in a Pans car crash on Aug. 31. 

□ 

It’s bonus time, and the board of the Walt 
Disney Co. has thrown another $2 million at 
Michael Eisner, boosting the chairman and 
chief executive's total pay for the year, to 
$10.65 million. This does not count his recent 
exercising of stock options on 7.3 mi l linn 
Disney shares worth $565 million. Eisner's 
bonus rose in 1997 from $7.9 million to $9.9 
million, pan of a pay package tied closely to 
company performance. Under Eisner, Disney 
revenues have grown from $1.7 billion in 
1984 to more than $22 billion in fiscal 1997, 



n-nn S-K.J„h.uL 

YULETIDE IN TUZLA — Mary Chapin Carpvnte 
performing for an audience of a thousand America 
peacekeeping troops at Eagle Base near Tuzla. Bosni: 

with net income of nearly S2 billion. Unde 
his new contract, the 55-year-old Eisner ha 
options on an additional 8 million shares. Hi 
base salary remains $750,000 per year. 

□ 

Paul Newman is donating S500,0(K1 t 
help preserve land in Easton, Connection 
that developers want for a golf course. Th 
actor, who lives in neighboring 'Westpor 
said the money would come from his New 
man’s Own food products. At issue is a true 
owned by a water utility that National Fair 
ways Inc. wants to buy and turn into an 18 
hole course with 103 luxury condominiums 
“I’ve hiked this land,” Newman told th 
zoning board. “I think the developers ar 
being very shortsighted. Fifty years fror 
now, the people who worked to save this law 
will be remembered as heroes." Preserve 
tiomsts hope to buy the land for S 10 million 

a 

Paris has its Avenue Winston Churchill 
and one day it may get a statue of Britain’: 
wamme prune minister on the same site, nea 
the Pent Palais, between the Champs- Ely see 
Jae *» ues ha 

Messm * r ’ 3 former prime min 

a 5?™ inee to funds for ; 

statue by Jean Cadot. 



all the tea in 10811. 


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— to anibMfcy. Psymear terms oityect to jrjir crcdc card apeonent- Br^tMsced qmMb pwnrit ewmary- 


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EUROPE ' 

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Befekirne nonn 

France 

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Germany. „ 

Greece* 

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Ireland O .......... 

Italy*..... 7 

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Spain 

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7SS-5M2 

HMMNI 

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Israel 


Stotfi Arab la o 

1-800-10 



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