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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Monday, February 17, 1997 


No. 35.447 


South Korea 
Put on Alert 
AmidHunt 

* For Gunmen 

Peace Talks at Risk 
As North Is Suspected 
In Attack on Defector 

By Andrew Pollack 

Afen York Times Service 

SEOUL — South Korea wait on a 
terrorism alert Sunday as policemen and 
soldiers fanned out in an intensive hunt 
■ for two men. suspected to be North 

* Korean agents, who shot a prominent 
; North Korean defector Saturday night. 

The brazen assassination attempt, as 
well as the defection last week of a high- 
ranking North Korean ideologue, have 
dramaucally stepped up the Cold War 
animosity on die heavily armed Korean 
Peninsula and could derail recent steps 
toward easing tensions. 

‘ ‘If it's a North Korean hit, it’s going 
to be hard to keep the other thin gs 
going,* ' an official of the U.S. Embassy 
in Seoul said Sunday. 

But he added that both Washington 
and Seoul were hoping that the recent 
events would not set back efforts to 

South's president hangs on. Page 4. 

arrange peace talks with the North to 
y construct nuclear reactors there or to 
provide new food aid for the nation. - 
Lee Han Young was near death 
Sunday night in a hospital in Bundang, a 
southern suburb of Seoul, after being 
shot in the head as he stepped out of an 
elevator in front of the 14th floor apart- 
ment in which he was staying. Mr. Lee, 
36. is anephew of Sung Hae Rim, who is 
usually described as the first wife of 
Khn Jong II, the North Korean leader, 
though it is unclear if the two were 
actually married. 

Because of his connections, Mr. 
Lee's 1982 defection had been kept a 
■ secret, and.-he had -even changed his 
name and undergone plastic surgery. 

But his cover was blown a year ago 
when South Korean newspapers report- 
ed that his aunt was trying to defect. It 
appears that Mr. Lee himself, in fi- - 
j. nancial straits, sold the story to the 
V newspapers, making himself an instant 
celebrity — but also probably a marked 
man. Ms. Sung's whereabouts are not 
exactly clear, but it is reported Thai she. .. 
never defected and lives m Moscow. 

After an emergency cabinet meeting 
Sunday, Home Affairs Minister Sim 

See KOREAN, Page 4 

Fears Grow 
For Health of 
a Peru Hostages 

-By Calvin Sims 

itffw font Times Service 

LIMA — As negotiations to end the 
rebel takeover of the Japanese Embassy 
residence here proceed ever so slowly, 
the physical and psycho logical well- 
being of the 72 hostages inside is de- 
teriorating, raising concern that the cap- 
tives will suffer severe medical con- 
sequences if the crisis is not resolved 
soon. 

Citing the declining health of the hos- 
tages after 59 days of captivity, the 
International Committee of the Red 
Cross, the Roman Catholic Church and 
relatives of those detained have re- 
newed calls in recent days for the Per- 
uvian Government and Marxist guer- 
rillas to speed up the talks. 

{Mediators trying to resolve the ensis 
indicated Saturday that talks may have 
A bogged down, issuing a vague state- 

9 nient suggesting that the two sides need 

to move closer if talks are to continue, 
The Associated Press reported from 

Lima.] __ , 

Almost all the hostages suffer from 
serious ailments that require daily med- 
ication and regular monitoring by doc- 
tors, including hypertension, heart dis- 
ease, diabetes, digestive disorders and 

See PERU, Page 7 



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Albright Looks for Reef in Europe 


By Steven Erlanger 

New York Tones Service 


BONN — Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright began a worldwide tour in Rome on 
Sunday, trying to consolidate NATO’s position 
on its relationship with Russia before she gets to 
Moscow on Thursday. 

She described her talks in Europe as an effort 
' to add “beef 1 to the proposed NATO-Russian 
charter that Washington hopes will persuade 
Moscow to acquiesce in a NATO expansion it 
cannot stop in any case. 

But Mrs.. Albright also spent some time 
Sunday trying to avoid another public spar with 
Paris, where she arrives Monday, determined to 
smooth over raffled relations. 

NATO is already split ova- a French proposal 
for an April summit meeting of the four biggest 
NATO countries — the United Stales, Ger- 
many, France and Britain . — with the Rus- 
sians. - ■ . .. 

The Italians oppose any meeting that will 
exclude them, let alone other NATO members, 
oo decisions that affect the entire 16-nation 
alliance. 

-Afca press conference m Ronreon\Sunday 
before Mrs. Albright flew on to Bonn, Foreign 
Minister Lamberto Diru explicitly criticized the 
French proposal, saying aadly that “all matters 
of security and defense are questions all coun- 
tries will tackle — we need full consensus.” 

‘ ‘Consequently we don’t favor die idea of a 
restricted group of countries making decisions 
for NATO,” he added. 

In- her response, Mrs. Albright was more 
circumspect, presumably bearing in mind that 
Paris is also on her schedule. “It is the sub- 
stance we’re interested in at this stage, not the 
process,” she said. 

She pointed out that two summit meetings are 
already scheduled — Presidents Bill Clinton 
and Boris Yeltsin in Helsinld on March 20-21, 

See ALBRIGHT, Page 7 



Mama Sjmtacftti/Tbe AMadmd Flm 

Mrs. Albright in Rome, a presidential guard behind her. The 
UJS. secretary of state began her world tour in Italy on Sunday 
trying to develop a European consensus on NATO expansion. 


World War IPs Unfinished Business 


By Steven Erlanger 

New York Times Sendee 


WASHINGTON — World War H, 
with its global carnage and the Holo- 
caust, is the epic of our age. Each 
generation has its own increasingly 
complicated interpretation of the 
war's meaning and mysteries, its her- 
oes and villains, and more than 50 
years later it retains the power to shock 
and surprise. 

Not only has the war suddenly 
reached out to transform the biography 
of the new secretary of state, 
Madeleine Albright, but it is also the 
source of issues that are engrossing her 
department and the foreign policy of 
the United States. 

“It is extraordinary haw much time 
we as a government are spending on 
questions coming directly out of 
World War H,” said Nicholas Bums, 
the State Department spokesman. 


event of die century, and it is 1 
us.” - - 
There are specific issues like Nazi 
gold and the role of Switzerland and its - 
banks during the war there are bi- 
lateral issues Hke German annoyance 
with U.S. criticism of Bonn's treat- 
ment of the Scientology movement. 


which it judges to be a Nazi-like cult; 
there are judicial issues like the al- 
legedly lax pursuit of accused Nazi 
war criminals living in Canada and the 
United States, and there are personal 
issues like Mrs. Albright’s newly re- 
vealed Jewish ancestry and the impact 
this revelation may have on her 
policies. 

Above all, perhaps, there are issues 
of regional identity, like the continuing 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

effort to restructure European security 
so the continent is no longer a potential 
source of genocidal war. 

U.S. foreign policy is dominated by 
issues of European security that stem 
from the -unfinished business of the 
war. With the collapse of the Soviet 
Union, the various organizations de- 
signed by “the wise men ” of the West 
to provide stability — the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization, the Orga- 
nization for Security and Cooperation 
in Eurupe,.the Organization of Eco- 
nomic Development, even the Euro- 
pean Union — all need to be mod- 
ernized and broadened. 

But the Soviet collapse has also 
altered moral perspectives. The end of 
World War II was followed so quickly 


by the Cold War and the effort to 
contain Moscow that any campaign to 
investigate the behavior of Western 
Allies was pushed aside. 

“The Allies sacrificed the past to 
the war against Communism,'’ said 
Amos Perlmutter, a professor at Amer- 
ican University. 

Self-examination was repressed on 
the personal and national level, whether 
the behavior of Vichy France and neu- 
tral Switzerland on the Western side of 
the continent or of East Germany and 
the Nazi-occupied Baltics on the East- 
ern. National mythologies — the extent 
of the French resistance, for example, or 
the deterrent power of the Swiss Army 
— went unchallenged. 

Even Francois Mitterrand, the 
former president of France, admitted 
only near die end of his life that he had 
worked for the Vichy government. 

But with the Cold War over, argues 
Richard Haass, director of foreign- 
policy studies at the Brookings In- 
stitution, “die moral dimension of for- 
eign policy has become more pro- 
nounced,” accelerated by reminders of 
tile persistence of genocide in the tele- 
vised horrors of Rwanda and Bosnia. 

Juergen Chrobog, Germany's am- 

See WAR, Page 7 


Economic Boom Seen 
In World Telecom Pact 

Political and Business Leaders 
Hail Accord to End Monopolies 


On Vann koagfAgrar Kaarr-IVnar 

Police sealing off the entrance Sunday to the apartment building where gunmen shot LeeHan Young in the head. 


Carpkdb? Our Stiff FnxnDufumha 

GENEVA — The World Trade Or- 
ganization predicts that the weekend 
agreement to open the $600 billion glob- 
al telecommunications industry to the 
free market will pump new funds into the 
world economy, create countless jobs 
and slash pbone costs to consumers. 

The optimistic forecast, echoed by 
government leaders in Washington and 
other capitals, was issued after officials 
from nearly 70 countries clinched the 
deal late Saturday at the end of more 
than three years of negotiations. 

“This is good news for the inter- 
national economy, it is good news for 
businesses and it is good news for the 
ordinary people around the world who 
use telephones or who want to use 
them,” said the WTO’s director-gen- 
eral. Renat o Ruggiero. 

Ending government and private 
monopolies that still control the in- 
dustry in many countries would bring 
rapid growth over the whole telecom- 
munications sector and could add $1 
trillion, or 4 percent, over the next de- 
cade to the value of world economic 
output, he said. 

In Washington. President Bill Clin- 
ton hailed the pact, expected to go into 
force in 1998, as offering more jobs, 
new markets and lower prices to U.S. 
workers, companies and consumers. 

Like Mr. Ruggiero, who argued that a 
deal would help the poorest countries 
most by putting “a phone in every vil- 
lage,” Mr. Clinton said it would 
“spread the benefits of a technology 
revolution to citizens around the 
world.” 

U.S. telecommunications companies 
also applauded the conclusion to talks. 

William Esprey, chairman of Sprint 
Crap., said: ^Consumers all over the 
world will soon be able to enjoy the 
benefits of choice, technology, quality 
and lower prices. Sprint believes it is 
particularly well-positioned, through its 
Global One partnership with France 
Telecom and Deutsche Telekom, to of- 
fer improved competitive telecommu- 
nications services around the world."" 

Mel Brashears, president of Lock- 
heed Martin's Space & Strategic Mis- 
siles Sector, said: “This agreement al- 
lows communications consumers 
worldwide to enjoy access to basic and 
advanced telecom services. The agree- 
ment also helps establish a positive pre- 
cedent for countries not yet WTO mem- 
bers, such as China and Russia, but that 
are developing their own natioaal tele- 
com policies. ’ ’ (Reuters. Bloomberg ) 

■ Key to Unlocking Monopolies 

Edmund L. Andrews of The New York 
Times reported Saturday from Geneva: 

The landmark agreement commits 
governments to unlocking the state tele- 


AGENDA 

Kohl to Run 
For Re-election 

FRANKFURT (AP) — Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl, facing record 
unemployment and controversy 
over his public spending cuts and 
tax reforms, plans to run for another 
term next year, the newspaper BUd 
am Sonntag reported Sunday. 

It said Mr. Kohl, who has been 
chancellor for 14 years, would an- 
nounce his candidacy for re-elec- 
tion to another four-year term after 
his annual spring vacation in April. 

PAGE TWO 

Downhill Trend on UJS. Slopes 

THE AMERICAS Page 3. 

A White House Donor Warning 

EUROPE Pages. 

Scotland's Home Rule Issue 

Books Page 9. 

Crossword Page-9. 

Opinion Page 8. 

Sports Pages 18-20. 

MvfTWtfciraf Ctuntfatf Pago 10. 


phone monopolies that still control 
more than half of the world's com- 
munications business. 

The agreement came after weeks of 
bruising negotiations in which the United 
States pushed relentlessly for greater lib- 
eralization and slowly coaxed conces- 
sions from countries around the world. 

Washington did not get everything it 
wanted. American negotiators failed to 
persuade Canada and Japan to give up 
rules against foreign companies* buying 
controlling stakes in their dominant 
telephone carriers. 

But the pact does augur steep price 
reductions in many parts of the market. 
As such, it marks a big vindication for 

See WTO, Page 7 


Stock Gurus 
Say the Sky 
Won’t Fall 
(Not Yet) 


By Brett Fromson 

Washington Post Sendee 


Some Washington policy- 
makers such as the Federal Reserve 
Board chairman, Alan Greenspan, 
may be worried about a stock-mar- 
ket mania, but much of the smart 
money on Wall Street remains 
bullish. 

Top hedge-fund managers such 
as Stanley Druckenmiller of the 
Soros Organization look for the 
party to continue, even as they keep 
one eye on the door. 

One of the few bears among the 
financial superstars is Laurence 
Tisch, a billionaire investor and a 
friend of Mr. Greenspan who com- 
pares the current market with that 
of 1929. 

“If you are a conservative in- 
vestor, sell," Mr. Tisch advised 
from his suite at the Breakers hotel 
in Palm Beach. Florida. “If you are 
a speculator who thinks you can get 
out ahead of the crowd in a panic, 
stay in." 

For his part, Mr. Tisch said be 
held few stocks, with the signif- 
icant exception of his nearly $2 
billion holding in Loews Crap., the 
publicly traded insurance, hotel and 
tobacco conglomerate that he and 
his brother, Preston Tisch, control. 

In an age when everyone has an 
opinion about where stocks are 
headed, the words and deeds of the 
smart money carry considerable 
weight 

Mr. Druckenmiller controls a 
huge pot of money — about $15 
billion in the Quantum Fund which 
he typically magnifies through bor- 
rowings to increase the size of his 
bets. 

Even though Quantum had a 
poor 1996, Mr. Druckenmiller has 
an outstanding long-term track re- 
cord and can move markets. Indeed 
it is common for big managers to 
trade information, or rumors, about 
“what Stan is up to.” 

For the present, Mr. Drucken- 
miller is a bull. “We believe the 
bull market is intact,’* he said. 
“And our positions reflect that.” 

Mr. Druckenmiller emphasized 
however, that his optimism could 
lade in a minute. He feels com- 
fortable peering no further than 
three to six months into the future. 
He said 

“The market feels like it has a lot 
of momentum," he said “Two to 
three months out, we do not foresee 
a catalyst that would stop the mo- 
mentum.” 

Specifically, Mr. Druckenmiller 
does not expect the Fed to tighten 
monetary policy, which would help 

See MARKET, Page 7 


American Airlines Resuming Service After Clinton Stops Strike 


By Brian Knowlton 

InienuUionel Herald Tribune 




WASHINGTON — American Air- 
lines service was nearly back to normal 
Sunday, a day after President Bill Clin- 
ton ordered pilots back to w ork. But the 
prospect that his action might merely 
delay a strike appeared certain to jostle 
and confuse domestic and international 
travel until a solution, is reached 
Mr. Clinton intervened Saturday, ft 
halt a mlnutes-old strike at the nation’s 
second-largest airline, appointing, -a; 
board to study the dispute and post-, 
poning a walkout by American’s 9,000 
pilots for at least 60 days: • - 
American flight managers scrambled 


to reorganize service and in the end 
canceled fewer than 100 of 2^00 daily 
departures. Restoration of full service 
“could be a few days away," said a 
spokesman at die company's headquar- 
ters in Fort Worth, Texas. 

Many passengers planning to travel 
over tire three-day U.S. holiday week- 

CUnton was finally moved to act by 
strike’s economic impact. Page 7. 

end had protectively booked on other 
airlines, and many American jets flew 
half-fell rat Saturday and Sunday. 

Some airlines, taking advantage of 
tire ripple effect still rocking Amer- 


ican's schedule, said drey would con- 
tinue to add extra flight and staffing 
over the next few days in key markets. 

Tour operators in the Caribbean and 
in ski resorts, meanwhile, were still 
fearful of cancellations. 

“The next few months will be a 
mess,” said Jeffrey Long, an airline 
analyst with J. P. Morgan Securities Inc. 
“Because of the uncertainty hanging 
mound them for the 60 days or so, 
people may still likely book away from 

In explaining Mr. Clinton’s interven- 
tion, spokesmen cited the huge impact a 
strike would have had on the economy 
and on Americans* travel plans. The 
airline carries 20 percent of U.S- pas- 


sengers and has 86,000 employees. 

The strike threatened losses to die 
U.S. economy estimated at $200 million 
a day and to the airline of $30 million a 
day. Even with a strike averted, for now, 
American is likely to lose many millions 
of dollars because of reduced bookings, 
analysts say. 

Travelers will be able to reap some 
short-term benefits, however, as Amer- 
ican cut its fares to lure back concerned 
customers, and other major carriers re- 
sponded in kind. An American spokes- 
man said Sunday that response to the 
fare offer had been “overwhelming.” 

Mr. Clinton’s intervention was the 
first by a U.S. president in an airline 
dispute in nearly 30 years, though there 


have been 18 major airline strikes in that 
period, Some critics of his action said he 
was ill-advised to intervene now. 

“It sets a dangerous precedent,” 
Kenneth Quinn, former chief counsel of 
the Federal Aviation Administration, 
said Sunday on CNN. “It’s going to be 
very difficult for this president, or any 
president in the future, to lace a strike by 
a major airline and say it does not con- 
stitute an emergency. ’ 

The White House spokesman, Mi- 
chael McCuny, touched on the sen- 
sitivity of presidential intervention in a 
labor-management dispute. 

“No Democratic president likes to 

See AIRLINE, Page 7 



PACE 2 


INTERNATIONAL ffTR ftAI.D TRIBUNE, SATURDAY-SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1-2, 1997 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 

PAGE TWO _ 


Too Costly, Too Dangerous / But Resorts Are Fighting Back 

Downhill Trend: Women Skiers Quit U.S. Slopes 


By Edwin McDowell 

.Vw York Tunes Service 


W INTER PARK. Colorado — From 
the time she was 4 years old, Susan 
Kettle spent almost every weekend 
on the slopes during ski season. 

“I even chose Fort Lewis College in Durango 
because it's near Purgatory.” the 35-year-old 
resident of Highlands Ranch. Colorado, said, 
referring to the ski resort. “And I taught my 
husband. Danny, to ski.” 

But about seven years ago. when the first of 
her three children was bom. Ms. Kettle gave up 
skiing. “It just took too much time and was too 
expensive.” she said. 

In many ways. Ms. Kettle is emblematic of an 
unnerving problem facing America's $1.6 bil- 
lion ski industry: Women have been abandoning 
the slopes in droves in recent years, their share of 
a flat market plummeting to 41.2 percent last 
winter, from 46.3 percent in the winter of 1992- 
93. according to the National Ski Areas As- 
sociation in Lakewood, Colorado. 

"The industry has long recognized that aging 
baby boomers have been dropping out of ski- 
ing.'' squeezed by time constraints, costs and 
safety concerns, among other things, said Lynn 
Bronikow5ki. a spokesman for Colorado Ski 
Country USA. a trade group. “But it is es- 
pecially true of women because they face ad- 
ditional pressures." such as juggling careers and 
having children later in life. 

And some women, others note, have been put 
off by the male-dominated nature of the sport, 
which, they say. has contributed to higher injury 
rates for women. 

It is an ominous trend, ski operarors say. 
voicing a growing realization throughout the 
travel business of the key role women play, not 
only in their own right, but also as the likely 
decision maker when it comes to picking des- 
tinations for family vacations. 

“The ski industry is just beginning to wake up 
to the importance of the women’s market, and 
it's doing something about it.” said Charles R. 
Goeldner. a professor of marketing and tourism 
at the University of Colorado in Boulder. 

While ski operators say they can't do a great 
deal about the high cost of equipment and lift 
tickets, they say they are making a concerted 
effort to help women feel more welcome on the 
slopes — and to find more time to be there. 

Many resorts are introducing women's ski and 
snowboarding programs and adding women in- 
structors. A few. like the Winter Park resort here, 
70 miles (110 kilometers) west of Denver, offer 
day care for toddlers and beepers for mothers. 

‘ ‘We've even beeped mothers off the ski trail 
to breast-feed their babies,” said Joan 
Christensen, a spokesman for Winter Park. 

The industry is also offering a bigger range of 
family-oriented fare — everything from sleigh 
rides, dog sledding and skating rinks to snow- 
mobiles, toboggan hills and ski bikes — that can 
be less expensive, and less forbidding, than 
siding itself. 

It is too soon to know if these various bland- 
ishments will succeed in luring women back, 
although the industry appears to be attracting 
some who left the slopes when they had children. 
Last winter, 72. 1 percent of women at ski resorts 
were there with their children, according to the 
National Skier/Boarder Opinion Survey, up 
sharply from 61.7 percent in 1993-94. 

The concern over women is coming during a 
period in which the number of visits to ski resorts 
has barely budged since the winter of 1992-93, 
when 54 million were recorded. (A visit is 
defined as one person at a ski resort for any part 
of a day.) With traffic flat and costs rising, 
smaller operators have been squeezed, making 
this period one of industry consolidation as 
well. 

It is against such an unsettling backdrop that 


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Eva Merriam, a part-time ski instructor at Stowe Mountain Resort enjoying a 
fast descent Women in general, however, are abandoning the slopes in droves. 


ski operators are vying with cruise lines, theme 
parks and other resorts — all of which they view 
as direct competitora for discretionary dollars — 
to attract women, especially those with young 
children. 

‘ 'Our research indicates it’s almost always the 
female who is pushing for a cruise vacation.” 
said Tim Gallagher, a spokesman for Carnival 
Cruise Line, which carries about 130,000 chil- 
dren a year. “So our marketing is primarily 
targeted at women.” 


L IKEWISE, Marriott Corp.’s most recent 
survey of vacation planning found that 
women chose the family vacation from 
61 to 64 percent of the time. 

The ski operators have a lot of hurdles to 
overcome. Besides complaints about lack of 
time and high costs that many women voice in 
surveys, there is the extra danger that they face. 
The rate of injury in downhill skiing is more than 
50 percent higher for women than for men, and 
almost 70 percent higher on snowboards. 

“In our practice,” said Jim Chalat, a Denver 
lawyer who represents many skiers, “people 
who get injured on the slopes are almost always 
women or children.” 


While many women skiers can hold their own 
with men, “lots of women who are not that 
skilled or that committed prefer to ski with and 
be taught by other women,” said Joy Spring, the 
vice president of Leisure Trends Group, a re- 
search firm in Boulder. 

To satisfy that preference, more than half the 
nation’s 5 19 ski resorts have lately added special 
seminars, workshops and instruction clinics for 
women, from beginners to experts. These in- 
clude many resorts in Vermont, from Stowe and 
Killington to Ascutney and Bromley, as well as 
23 of the 24 resorts in Colorado, by far the 
nation’s busiest ski state. 

On Feb. 7-9, for example. Aspen held a Wo- 
men First Weekend, while Vail offers women’s 
workshops for all skill levels except what it 
terms “never-ever skiers.” 

But perhaps no place has been more respons- 
ive to the issues raised by women skiers and 
snowboarders than Winter Park, a resort with 20 
chairlifts nestled against the western slope of the 
Rockies. On Jan. 20-24 it was home to National 
Women’s Ski and Snowboard Week. 

Throughout the season, it holds mini-clinics 
of one to three days, which provide video cri- 
tiques. And the resort's day-care center takes 


children as young as two months. Mary Jari 
Lantt of Austin, Texas, did not need tbe center 
because die left her three children at home with 
her husband while she attended women’s week 
here. 

“Women instructors just ^ underetaud our 
questions and problems better,” she said during 
a break from a lesson on one of Winter Park's 
121 trails. "Or maybe it just seems that way 
because it's a non-threatening environment” 

Sharon Connolly of Denver, still wearing a 
knee brace after having tom a ligament while 
clriing two years ago, concurred. "I wanted to 
learn from a woman,” she said, “because their 
tMfThmg style is different, not as aggressive.’ ' 

For many women, the biggest appeal of all- 
women sessions is the camaraderie. 

Phyllis L. Miller, 7 1, who did not start skiing 
until after bypass surgery in 1984, drove here 
from Mesquite, Nevada, with her husband, 
Kelsie, after reading about the weeklong event in 
a magazine. “He and 1 do lots of things to- 
gether,” she said, s miling at her husband, a 
nonskier, during a post-luncheon interview. 
“But from time to time, I like doing things with 
women.” 


O NE of the changes that is making ski- 
ing more inviting is the proliferation of 
equipment made for women. “Until 
recently, women pretty much had to 
make do with equipment designed for men, who 
are taller, stronger and heavier.” said Claudia 
Carbone of Breckenridge, Colorado, a founder 
of tbe Snow Sports Association for Women. 
Now, “nearly every manufacturer makes skis 
and other equipment designed for women,’ ’ said 
Ms. Carbone, the author of “Womenski” 
(World Leisure Corp.), a book that deals with 
such topics as confidence building, conditioning 
and cold. 

If not for the drop in women skiers, the 
industry would likely have grown steadily the 
last several years, instead of going largely in 
circles. Last year's 53.9 million visits repre- 
sented a slight improvement over the previous 
winter, but was still below tbe 54.6 million visits 
in the 1993-94 season and the 54 million in 1992- 
93. 

Whether the slopes are crowded or not, the 
costs of running resorts remain high. Aspen 
Siding Co., for example, spent $7.5 million 
adding snow-making equipment last year at its 
Snowmass ski area. Vail's new high-speed gon- 
dola cost $9 million. Each slope-grocrming 
vehicle can easily cost $150,000 — and Vail has 
45 of them. Aspen 30. 

To get more skiers on the slopes, die resort 
operarors are going after more than just women. 
Hoping to replenish the pipeline for the future, 
Colorado recently offered free ski passes to its 
58,000 fifth graders. 

And some resorts in the state are marketing to 
minorities, the fastest-growing segment of tbe 
so-called echo boomers — the 78 million chil- 
dren of the baby boomers. Tbe Copper Mountain 
Resort, for example, recently held a Ski Fiesta 
weekend that was well attended by Hispanic 
skiers, while Vail recently was host to die Broth- 
erhood of Black Skiers, a fraternal group based 
in Atlanta. 

Moreover, surveys have found renewed in- 
terest among some middle-aged Americans. Mr. 
Goeldner, the Colorado marketing professor — 
who did not learn to ski until he was 35 — said 
that with today’s modem equipment, chairlifts 
and well-groomed slopes, there was no reason 
why people who know their limits could not ski 
until they are 90. 

Mrs. Miller, the septuagenarian from Mes- 
quite, Nevada, is not sure about that, but she is 
determined to give it a try. 

“Skiing’s fun,” she said after lunch, as she 
suited up for another go at the mountains. “Be- 
sides, it sure beats dying in a rocking chair.' ' 


Drivers Ask f 
Juan Carlos 
To Resolve 
Truck Strike 


Gnfxfai h 0» SteFnaa Dapauhes 

MADRID — Striking track drivers 
called on King Juan Carlos I to in- 
tervene and resolve all -day old dispute 
that has caused supply shortages for 
factories and markets and. forced some 
companies to halt-production. - $ 

“The king is the guarantor of law and ' 
order and the only person capable of 
unblocking the situation,’ * a spokesman 
for the strikers, Jose Luis Soldevilla, 
said Sunday after a second round of 
talks with government officials ended in 
disagreement. 

Tbe two sides were to meet again. 

Development Minister Rafael Arias 
Salgado hit out at the strike, saying it 
was causing “grave damage to the 
economy” and was being waged by a 
minority of drivers. He asserted that an 
agreement reached Saturday with the 
National Transport Committee, which 
represents a majority of Spain's 
200,000 truck drivers, bad met me de- 
mands of the strikers. 

The National Transport Committee * 
backs the strikers' demands but not the 
strike itself. It has held several rounds of 
talks with the government that have been 

^l^^lla! however^^^Se accord 
reached Saturday was “laughable.” 

The protesting drivers are demanding 
fuel subsidies, a freeze on truck driving 
licenses, recognition of job-related ill- 
nesses and the lowering of the retire- 
ment age to 60 from 65. Hie stoppage 
has been called by trucking groups rep- 
resenting about 30 percent of drivers. 

Several factories, including the Ford 
and Nissan auto companies, have had to 
halt production, and others advised work- 
era not to come in on Monday if the strike 
continues. Police protection has been 
provided for trackers wishing to work. 

No incidents were reprated Sunday. £ 

The Spanish Taxi Confederation, 
meanwhile, called for partial strikes 
throughout Spain on Monday to pegs 
for demands similar to those of the 
striking truckers. 

Foreign Minister Abel Matutes said 
the government would adopt measures 
to avert ecooomic paralysis if the strike 
was not called off. 

“We must seek an equilibrium be- 
tween the right to strike and the right of 
the majority not to be harmed by the 
interests, no matter how legitimate, of a 
small minority which in no case has the 
right to paralyze Spain,” Mr, Matutes 
.sard. • . , (AP, Reuters) 


Lebed Begins 6-Day Visit 
To ‘Get to Know’ France 

The Associated Press 

PARIS — Alexander Lebed arrived 
here Sunday on a six-day visit, during 
which he will meet with French gov- 
ernment, political and business leaders. 

“I'm here to get to know France. I 
don’t know France, France doesn’t 
know me. That’s why I’m here,” said 
tbe retired Russian general and former 
national security adviser to President 
Boris Yeltsin of Russia. 


Repute : " //;_■■■ ‘ 


Belgrade Tells Foreign Press to Beware 


l J Ml htr A krtn /Hya*.* n 

BELGRADE — The gov- 
ernment Sunday wumed'for- 
eign journalists to be careful 
with their reporting of Ser- 
bia's political turmoil as op- 
position parties girded for a 
battle with the authorities 
over press freedom. 

The warning by Informa- 
tion Minister Radmila Mi- 
icniijcvic signaled that the 
government, which already 
controls most of the Serbian 
news media, would try to 
spread its influence to foreign 
reporters. 

She told the pro- govern- 
ment daily Politika: “We 
must especially hold foreign 
journalists responsible for 
what ihey write. This means 
that if they write something 
that is not factually correct, we 
should react and demand that 
the untruth be corrected.*' 

Miss Milentijevic. a newly 
appointed loyalist to President 
Slobodan Milosevic, added: 
"fn view of the force and in- 
fluence the media exert on the 
shaping of public opinion and 
government policy, their re- 
sponsibility is exceptional.” 

In its last crackdown on the 


foreign news media in 1994, 
at the height of the war in 
Bosnia-Herzegovuia, Serbia 
refused to renew the accred- 
itations of almost 20 foreign 
journalists whose reporting 
the authorities disliked. 

The government control of 
the news media worries the 
opposition coalition Zajedno, 
whose street protests forced 
the government to recognize 
its election victories in Ser- 
bia's main towns. 

The coalition has 
threatened to resume demon- 
strations unless media con- 
trols are relaxed by March 9. 

In Serbia, the main broad- 
cast and print media are under 
strict state control. Independ- 
ent radios have Limited range 
and the government rations 
the supply of newsprint to in- 
dependent newspapers and 
magazines. The limited re- 
porting by the state media of 
the Zajedno demonstrations 
was hostile to the opposition. 

Zajedno leaders say access 
to the state news media will be 
crucial to their chances of beat- 
ing the ruling Socialist Party in 
parliamentary and presidential 
elections later this year. 



A Nmhrtf Fur Eat t Oiyeoceftnn 


Fax: (65 ) 732 3866 



In the wake of Parliament's 
decision Tuesday to recog- 
nize opposition victories in 
local elections in 14 of the 
country’s largest cities, Za- 
jedno on Saturday called a 
halt to its demonstrations. But 
the coalition set a new dead- 


‘We must 
especially hold 
foreign journalists 
responsible for 
what they write/ 

line for Mr. Milosevic in its 
campaign to end half a cen- 
tury of Socialist rule in Ser- 
bia. 

A Zajedno leader, Zoran 
Djindjic, told supporters: 
* ‘Let us give them a chance to 
show an intention to free the 
media and. if they fail to do 
that by March 9. then what 
else can we do but go out into 
the streets again?" 

Another of the three op- 
position leaders. Vuk 
Draskovic, described the vic- 
tory over the local election 
results as ‘ ‘only the first step, 
but an enormous step. ” 

The opposition will bold a 
celebration Friday to mark tbe 
first session of the opposition- 
led local council in Belgrade. 


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TRAVEL UPDATE 


“Prepare well, because it 
will be jolly and it could last 
all night,” said another op- 
position co-leader. Vesna 


Miss Pesic, the leader of 
the smallest of the coalition 
parties, the Civic Alliance, 
said that opposition support- 
ers could, if they wished, join 
demonstrations by still- 
protesting students who are 
pursuing separate aims, 
which include the removal of 
Belgrade University’s vice 
chancellor. 

But overall, the opposi- 
tion’s tone is softer, an at- 
tempt to revert to purely polit- 
ical ground after the strident 
confrontation of the past three 
months. 

Mr. Draskovic, leader of 
the biggest opposition part- 
ner. the Serbian Renewal 
Movement, said, “Serbia 
needs a Serbo-Serbian dia- 
logue.” 

An editorial in Politika 
called Saturday on the gov- 
ernment and opposition to co- 
operate. 

“Is it possible for die au- 
thorities and Zajedno repre- 
sentatives to work together 
after all that has happened in 
Serbia over the past three 
months?” the paper asked. 
“There is no question of a 
dilemma- They can and they 
must do so.” (Reuters, AFP ) 


For investment 

INFORMATION 

Read 

IHEMONCY REPORT 

every Saturday 

in the IHT. 

Hcralb l^fal fcribtmg 


Replacing a San Francisco Bridge 

OAKLAND, California (AP) — State officials want to tear 
down and replace the 60-year-old eastern span of the San 
Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, which partly collapsed dur- 
ing an earthquake in 1 989. 

The proposed bridge — with wider lanes and plenty of 
emergency space — would cost $1-5 billion to build. The 
favored option, called the skyway, would consist of two five- 
lane bridges set side by side. Depending on public response, 
the bridge could open in seven years. 

A 50-foot (15-meter) section of the bridge collapsed after 
the earthquake, killing one person and trapping others. 

Nigerian domestic airlines have unilaterally decided to 
raise fares by 200 percent this week in defiance of a gov- 
ernment recommendation of a 40 percent increase, aviation 
sources said. A spokesman for the Airline Operators of 


Nigeria said it was the only way the industry could “earn 
enough income to keep our aircraft in good stale and maintain , 
high safety standards.'/ (AFP)' 1 

Air France plans to increase its direct flights between 
Paris and Jakarta to five weekly starting in mid-June as part of 
a move toward a daily link by the end of 1998. (AFP) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 
this week because of national and religious holidays: 
MONDAY: United Slates. 

TUESDAY: Gambia. Nepal. 

WEDNESDAY: Puerto Rico. 

FRIDAY : Bangladesh. Sri Lanka, Thailand. 

Sources : JJ 3 . Morgan, Reuters, Bloomberg 


WEATHER 


Europe 


Forecast tar Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWeather. Asia 




Tomorrow . 


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third at the nation Tuesday 
and Wednesday. Highs wti 
range to to tS degrees 
above normal Wednesday 
along the Eastern 
Seaboard. Wet weather h 
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The Southeast wilt be 
sunny and warm Tuesday 
and Wednes da y. 

North America 
Today 

Hfcpi Low* 


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weather w® be Sib nJs.ln 
London. Parts and Amster- 
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drier weather may return 
Thursday. The Iberian 
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Thursday. 


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THE AMERICAS 


White House Whs Warned on Ties to Asian Donors, Documents Show 


By Stephen Labaton 

Nr* York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — Foreign policy advisers 
to President Bin Clinton and Vi« JtesidentAJ 
Gore repeatedly warned against mainmiiif np 
and granting access to several Asian-Amencan 
tuno-raisers and donors who sought to influence 
U.S. pokey and capitalize on their White House 
connections, according to documents released 
by The National Security Council. 

The documents were disclosed in an effort to 
aid the nomination of the former national se- 
curity adviser. Anthony Lake, as director of 
‘Central intelligence. But they also raised new 
questions about why Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore 
continued relationships with certain fund-raisers 
after officials at the National Security Council 
- raised questions about them, 

“The fundamental import of some of these 
• documents is that we had a National Security 
, Council, professional people, that gave when, 
•asked, 1 think, pretty good counsel that should 
1 have been more closely heeded,” Michael Mc- 


Curry, die White. House press secretary, said 
Friday. . 

The papas, internal memorandums, e-mail 
and notes culled from the files of the security 
council, show that a security council aide ad- 
vised “great, great caution” about Mr. Gore’s 
participation in a fund-raising event at ■ 
Buddhist temple in California with ties to 
Taiwan. Mr. Gore attended the event atone of the 
most tense moments in U.S. relations with China - 
and Taiwan, one month after U.S. warships were 
sent near Taiwan in response to Chinese military 
exercises protesting Taiwan’s first direct pres- 
idential election, in March 1996. 

The documents also suggest that as early as 
April 1995, Mr. Oinian recognized the potential 
embarrassment of mixing domestic politics with 
foreign policy when be expressed concern about 
the circulation of photographs of h»n with a 
group of Chinese officials that included Huang 
Jichun. the vice president of a Chinese con- 
glomerate that seus weapons. 

- ‘ The officials -attended one of Mr. Clinton’s 
weekly radio addresses at the request of the 


- Democratic National Committee and one of its 
largest contributors, Johnny Chung, a 
Taiwanese- American from California who gave 
more than 5300,000 in the last two years. 

“It turns out they are various Chinese gurus 
and the POTUS wasn’t sure we'd want photos of 
him with these people circulating around,” an 
: official at die National Security Council, 
Melanie Darby, wrote shortly after the visit. 


the United States. 

In response, a China specialist on the security 
council, Robert Suettinger, wrote back: 4 T don’t 
see any lasting damage to U.S. foreign policy 
from giving Johnny Chung the pictures. And to 
the degree it motivates mm to continue con- 
tributing to the DNC, who am I to complain?” 

- But Mr. Suettinger also said that Mr. Chung 
should be '‘treated with a pinch of suspicion.” 

“My impression is that he's a hustler, and 
appears to be involved in setting up some kind of 
consulting operation that will thrive by bringing 
Chinese entrepreneurs into town for exposure to 
high-level U.S. officials,” he wrote. 


White House aides said they did not believe 
that pictures from the radio address were sent 
OUL 

In the summer of 1995. Mr. Chung also tried to 
insert himself as a negotiator between Chinese 
and U.S. officials after China imprisoned a lead- 
ing crusader for human rights in China, Harry 
Wu — which prompted Mr. Suettinger to warn 
the White House that Mr. Chung could “con- 
ceivably do damage” to U.S .-Chinese rela- 
tions. 

Around the time of the radio address, Mr. 
Chung contributed £50.000 to the Democratic 
National Committee. And around the time he 
sought the photographs, he gave $125,000. Amy 
Weiss Tobe, the committee's communications 
director, said Mr. Chung’s donations were under 
review, along with many other donations, after 
several news articles raised questions about their 
source and propriety. 

The documents also show that Charles Yah 
Lin Trie, an old friend of Mr. Clinton's from 
little Rock, Arkansas, whose attempts to con- 
tribute to a Clinton legal defense fund were 


ultimately rejected, urged the president in a letter 
to reconsider his decision to send the aircraft 
carriers to Taiwan. 

After consulting with Mr. Lake, the president 
replied to Mr. Trie by defending his decision and 
emphasizing that it was “not intended as a 
threat” to China. 

■ Helms to Vote Against CIA Nominee 

The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee. Jesse Helms, said Saturday that he 
planned to vote against die nomination of Mr. 
Lake, but expected him to be confirmed none- 
theless. The Associated Press reported. 

“I can't support Mr. Lake based on a number 
of things.” Mr. Helms, Republican of North 
Carolina, said without specifying the reasons. He 
added that he thought he would be joined by “a 
lot” of other senators. 

But asked whether he thought Mr. Lake would 
be exmfinned, he said, “I expect he will.” 

Mr. Lake's confirmation hearing is scheduled 
for March II. 


Away From Politics 

• The military’s ban on homosexual 
conduct on or off duty was upheld, 2 to 

1 . by a court in San Francisco, the third 
consecutive federal appeals court rul- 
ing upholding the government’s 
“don't ask, don’t tell" policy on gays 
in the military. (AP) 

• Striking Detroit newspaper unions 

said they would make an unconditional 
offer to send 2.000 employees of The 
Detroit News and The Detroit Free 
Press back to work after 20 months off 
the job. (NYT) 

• Five people who flew to Farming- 
ton, New Mexico, for a Valentine’s 
Day dinner were killed during their 
return to Albuquerque when their 
plane crashed in an alfalfa field. (AP) 

• A subway worker was crushed to 

death when a chain holding a 7-foot 
wide bucket snapped and pmned him 
against a tunnel wafl beneath Holly- 
wood Boulevard. (AP) 

• Jurors in O. J. Simpson’s civil trial 

ignored a judge's order to start over, 
and many bad already made up their 
minds, said Arthur Li, an alternate who 
joined in the middle of deliberations. 
He said they went over some of the 
critical evidence but did not go into 
' ‘every single detail ' * (AP) 



Joyce Nibcfetyia/AjenoB Fancc-Pirnc 

CHILDREN’S DAY — President and Mrs. Clinton did not have everyone’s attention in the Oval Office 
while announcing details of “Adoption 2002,” a report on steps to expedite adoption procedures. 


POLITICAL' t 


Republican Right Is Mimed 


said, adding that his goal as chairman is to “expand 
this party” by enlarging its coalition. ( WP ) 

WASHINGTON — The former finance chainnan /-*. • i n a j 

of the Republican Party, in a bluntly wonted letter to MTlgnCfl UetenOS UutreaCtl 
major contributors, has warned thatthe party 's future ° 

“is in jeopardy” because of tbs influence of the 
Christian Coalition and the “far right” and suggested 
that bigdonors shift their money toanew organization 
to promote a moderate agenda for the party. 

The letter by John Moran, who was also Bob 
Dole's finance chairman, called the election of Jim 
Nicholson as national committee chairman a sign of 
the Christian Coalition's growing dominance find 
said the current trend within the party would make it 
virtually impossible to recapture the White House. 

“Bill Clinton was re-elected by the female vote in 
this country,” he wrote in his Feb. 10 letter. “Unless 

we bring back women and moderates to the Re- Tr . • aL it C 

publican Party, it will be a long time before we again iiaiTTIflttlt S Gl/t 10 tile U.O. 
see a Republican president.” J 

“I'm surprised and I'm disappointed that John 
would send out a letter like this,” Mr. Nicholson 


interest in Vincent van Gogh's still life “White 
Roses,” to the National Gallery of Art. 

Aveiell Hardman purchased “White Roses” in 
Ranee in 1930. He later gave it to his wife. “He said 


COLT .EGF. PARK. Georgia— Newt Gingridi, the 
House speaker, at a Georgia Republican luncheon, 
defended his efforts to woric with President Bill Qin- 
con and readi out to minority voters against critics who 
charge he is selling out in the name of bipartisanship. 

“The challenge to the Republican Party is to 
genuinely reach out to every citizen of every back- 
ground from every neighborhood,” he said. “Lgot a 
tittle bit of criticism even from some of my closest 
friends last week for pursuing this, but I believe it is 
inevitable and absolutely worth our taking risks,' ’ he 
declared. (WP) 



ieth Anniversary 

of the National Gallery of Ait.” It was hanging in die 
ambassador’s residence in Paris when she died on 
Feb. 5. That she had indeed bequeathed it to the 
nation was confirmed last Friday when her will was 
read in Leesburg, Virginia. (WP) 


Is Guam’s Generosity 
To Clinton Paying Off? 

Policy Shift Seen as Linked to Campaign Rinds 


By John Pom fret 

fthsAfn^nui Post Sen-ice 


Quote/Unquote 


WASHINGTON — Pamela Hazriman has made 
her last gift to the nation. Her will bequeaths her partial 


Linda DiValL, a Republican pollster, on a poll 
showing that most Ameaicans do not want a balanced 
budget achieved by tampering with the constitution: 
‘ ‘People agree in principle we should move toward a 
balanced budget. But once the constitution is brought 
into play, ^people say: ‘Wait a minute. Why do we 
need to bring the constitution into it? Why can’t the 
politicians work it out themselves?’ ’ * (NYT) 


GUAM — On Sept 4, 1995, Hillary 
Rodham Clinton stopped for several 
hours on this tiny tropical outpost in the 
Western Pacific, capping her visit with a 
shrimp cocktail buffet hosted by die 
island's Democratic governor, Carl Gu- 
tierrez. 

The first lady’s pit stop — made on her 
way to the United Nations women’s con- 
ference in Beijing — kicked off the 
biggest political fund-raising effort ever 
on this chunk of U.S. territory 6,100 miles 
(9.750 kilometers) west of California. 

Three weeks after Mrs. Clinton left, a 
Guam Democratic Party official arrived 
in Washington with more than $250,000 
in campaign contributions. 

Within six months, Mr. Gutierrez and 
a small group of Guam businessmen had 
tied up more than $132,000 for the 
iton-Gore re-election campaign and 
$510,000 in “soft money” contribu- 
tions to the Democratic National Com- 
mittee, making the island, with its 
140,000 residents, the biggest donor to 
the Democratic Party per capita of any 
territory in the United States. Guam 
government employees also gave more 
to President Bill Clinton’s campaign 
than public servants in any other state or 
territory. 

The contributions from Guam were 
followed late last year by signs of a 
in the Clinton ad- 
toward the island, 
centennial as a pos- 
session of the United States next year. In 
1898. Guam, Cuba, the Philippines and 
Puerto Rico became American spoils of 
the Spanish-American War. The Phil- 
ippines was granted independence 50 
years ago, and Cuba, 95 years ago. 
Today, only Puerto Rico and Guam 
r emain territories of tibe United States. 

Since 1988, Guam's politicians have 
been asking Washington to approve a 
law called the Guam Commonwealth ■ 
Act, which would £ive the territory — 
not federal authorities — the right to 
determine who could come to the island. 
The law also would transfer from the 
federal government to Guam the power 



to enforce labor regulations. 

Until last year, successive U.S. ad- 
ministrations had been wary of the le- 
gislation. But in December 1996, Jotui 
Garamendi, the administration’s point 
man on island issues, circulated an in- 
ternal report supporting key provisions 
of the bill. 

Mr. Garamendi, deputy secretary of 
the Interior Department, also supported 
a provision in the biU that would allow 
Guam to resume control over land no 
longer needed by the U.S. military. 
More than a third of Guam was seized 
by the Defense Department after World 
War IL Previously, when the military 
gave up land, other federal agencies had 
die chance to assume control of it before 
it could be claimed by the Guam gov- 
ernment. 

Congress has not passed the com- 
monwealth act, but administration sup- 
port for its provisions could persuade 
some in Congress to back the bill, U.S. 
officials said. 

Some officials also attribute the ad- 
ministration’s support for the bill to the 
money raised for the president's re- 
election campaign. One senior U.S. of- 
ficial said “the political side” of her 
agency had infonned her that die shift 
was linked to campaign contributions. 

“We had always opposed giving 
Guam authority over its own immigra- 
tion,” (he official said. “But when (hat 
$600,000 was paid, die political side 
switched.” 

U.S. officials from three other agen- 
cies added that they, too, bad been told 
that the policy shift was linked to 
money. 

In a phone interview, Mr. Garamendi 
acknowledged that the administration’s 
policy on Guam was changing, but he 
denial it was connected to donations. 

A White House official, speaking on 
behalf of Mrs. Clinton, said the first lady 
was not aware at the time of Mr. Gu- 
tierrez's fund-raising activities. 

The fact, however, that the White 
House began to shift its policy on Guam 
after the island's governor organized a 
donation campaign underscores concerns 
that the Clinton administration could be 
swayed by political contributions. 


Extra Spacewalk Ordered to Patch Hubble’s Insulation 


centi- 


■ SPACE CENTER, Houston — 
NASA on Sunday added a fifth 
spacewalk to the mission of the 
space shuttle Discovery to repair 
' tom and cracked insulation on the 
Hubble Space Telescope. 

The coating, 2 inches (5 
meters) thick in places, protects elec- 
tronics on the $2 billion telescope 
from the extreme temperatures in 
space. The National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration said that the 
deterioration had caused no problems 
but that it was taking no chances. 

More thorough repairs will be 


made in 2999, Jte next scheduled 
service call to tire orbiting telescope. 

The most important of the repairs 
were to be done Sunday night as an 
addition to wbat had been scheduled 
to be the last spaoewalk. GregHar- 
baugh and Joe Tanner were to put a 
thermal blanket over torn insulation 
near the top of the telescope. 

The rest of the new work will be 
performed late Monday and eariy 
Tuesday by Mark Lee and Steven 
Smith, making an unscheduled third 
venture of the mission into the open 
cargo bay! That will involve cov- 
ering three compartments midway 


up the 43-fooi-lrag (13-meter-] rag) 
telescope with makeshift materials. 
The added tasks will delay de- 



extra day that was scheduled for 
rest, the landing of the shuttle is 
expected to take place as scheduled 
on Friday in Florida. 

If needed. Discovery could stay 
up an extra day without breaking 
into emergency supplies. 

Astronauts noticed the shabby 
condition of the insulation on some . 
parts of the telescope when they 


went into the cargo bay far the first 
time Thursday to replace two sci- 
ence instruments. 

There was an 18-inch tear in the 
thin outer covering in one area and 
micrometeoroid pockmarks and 
cracks like spider webs elsewhere. 

Officials explained that the tears 
and cracks had probably come from 
repealed cooling and tearing of the 
insulation as Hubble passed from 

Crimes a day^ for each of the seven 
years ithas been in space. The repairs 
involved malting blankets out of ma- 
terials aboard the shuttle along with 


Velcro fasteners, tape and wire. 

Earlier, Mr. Lee and Mr. Smith 
upgraded three components of the 
telescope during a seven-hour 
spacewalk. They completed what 
was considered the most challenging 
task of the service call, the replace- 
ment of a faulty electronics box. 

Working in a jumble of wires, Mr. 
Lee had to make 18 cable connec- 
tions to complete the installation. 

The astronauts then exchanged an 
aging reel-to-reel tape recorder with 
a new digital model and replaced a 
broken flywheel used to maneuver 
the telescope. (Reuters, AP) 


A Clinton Offer on Arms Pact 

‘Devastating’’ Response to Chemical Attack Pledged 


.. By Thomas W. Lippman 

? Washineion Post Sen-ice . 

WASHINGTON — Driving » win Senate 

approval of a treaty j banmngchMiiraL 

weapons by an April 29 deadline, tile Clinton 
adnSationh^offered to R®P ub ^“ U ^T 
makers a formal commitment to 
- ‘ 'overwhelming and devastating J®* 3 ™™ 
against any enemy that attacked U.S. troops 

W “Wehave^d our response would *|w on 

T^gSV. which While 
said would be legally binding on 
idem, would constitute an 
pledge to military action that would imply, but 
not require, use of nuclear weapons. 

The retaliation commitment is bv 

package of a dozen 

the administration to win support for tj* treaty 
from key Republican senators who oppose n 

or are on ihe-fence. . -.—w, and 

The treaty has had bipamsan support ana 

k u-as .signed unter President chair- 

- ihe Senate Foreign Relauans Committeeai^r 
‘ -SSmSt HelS, RepublicarofNtxtii^- 

oTma. and other hard-liners 

. have enough votes to 

- necessary rwo*ihutfa majority for . .. 


As a result. Mr. Helms and other opponents 
are in a position w extract concessions from the 
administration. Without Senate approval, the 
United Stales will be left on the sidelines when 
. the treaty, which has been ratified by more than 
the necessary 65 nations, lakes effect on April 
29, with or without U.S. participation. 

Fear of the diplomatic, political and even- 
tual economic consequences of missing that 
deadline is driving the White House-Senate 
negotiations. Some Republican aides said 
they expected the administration to offer Mr. 
Helms some of what he wanted on other 
issues, such as reorganizing rite State De- 
partment, to .win his assent to a vote on the 
chemical-arms treaty. 

. The administration-’s offer to pledge ‘ ’over- 
whelming” retaliation is intended to over- 
come objections by treaty opponents that na- 
tions refusing to sign, such as Iraq or Libya, 
would be free to use nerve-gas weapons with 
impunity. 

. The Chemical Weapons Convention bans 
production, sale ana use of nerve-gas 
weapons, and -regulates trade in many com- 
ponent chemicals. It establishes an interna- 
tional inspection, system and provides eco- 
nomic sanctions' against chemical industries 
. of countries that fail 'tp ratify. 

: .Treaty opponents" claim the pact cannot be 
- adequately verified or enforced. 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


With the Oceans Overfished, 
Aquaculture Has Caught On 

With many of the world's oceans over- 
fished, aquaculture — fish fanning — has 
become ar rapidly growing industry. 

In Colorado, for example, the number of 
commercial trout farms hasrisen from 27 in 
1994 to 36 last year. Most of those farms 
produce fish for recreational use. 

Private fish farms near Twin Falls, 
Idaho, on die other hand, produce about 40 
nullion pounds of rainbow trout annually 
for supermarkets. In Alabama, an aquacul- 
ture program at Auburn University did so 
well selling its fish that the profits per- 
mitted it to build 400 experimental ponds, 
reports The Denver PosL 

Although the Chinese have formed fish 
in domestic ponds for 2,000 years, the 
industry is relatively new in the United 
Stales. A growing taste for fish among 
health-conscious Americans has given it a 
boost. Aquaculture is now one of the fast- 
est-growing agricultural sectors in such 
states as Idaho, California and Colorado. 

Short Takes 

Now comes the kosher cybercafe. The 
IDT Megabite. Cafe in Manhattan's dia- 


mond district, set to open soon, will feature 
a computer at every table, as well as a 
kosher sushi bar. Cybercafe connoisseurs 
say it will be the first such kosher es- 
tablishment anywhere. Only nine years 
after the first cybercafe opened in Santa 
Monica, California, in 1 988, there are more 
than 300 such eateries around the world- 


New York has its official state muffin 
(apple); Arizona its official neckwear (bolo 
tie), and Massachusetts its official dog 
(Boston terrier). Tbe box turtle is Kansas’s 
official reptile; tomato juice the official 
beverage of Ohio, and Oklahoma's stare 
song is, well, you guessed it 
Now Texas may be about to get an of- 
ficial state molecule: the buckyball. 

The buckyball, a soccer-ball-shaped 
compound actually known as the Buck- 
minsterfollerene, because its shape re- 
sembles ttiat of R. Buckminster Fuller’s 
geodesic domes, was discovered by pro- 
fessors ar Rice University in Houston. A 
Texas legislator and Rice alumnus, Scott 
Hochberg, thinks the buckyball needs an 
official place in the state’s heart. 

He says the idea has broad support, 
though a group of University of Texas 
alumni are backing a molecule, 
Texaphyrin, invented by chemists at that 
school. Texaphyrin is fine, as molecules go. 
Mr. Hochberg supposes. 

But. as he told The New York Times, 
“Nobody won the Nobel for discovering 
that." 

© huemaiional Herald Tribune 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, SATURPAY-SUNPAY, FEBRUARY 1-2, 





PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 

ASIA/PACIFIC 


Plagued by Scandal, 
Seoul’s Leader Clings 
To Fading Mandate 


By Andrew Pollack 

New York Tunes Service 

SEOUL — Chung Tae 
Soo. a tycoon who built one of 
South Korea's largest con- 
glomerates, used to send his 
chauffeur in a Mercedes- 
Benz to deliver cartons of 
apples as gifts to selected 
politicians and bankers. Hid- 
den under the apples, South 
Korean prosecutors have 
said, were piles of cash. 

Just who partook of that 
forbidden fruit is the question 
that is now roiling South 
Korea. Mr. Chung's gifts 
have ripened into a huge scan- 
dal that is swirling danger 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

ousiy close to President Kim 
Young Sam, who took office 
four years ago vowing to wipe 
out the collusive relationship 
between government and 
business that has existed for 
decades. 

But instead of conquering 
corruption. Mr. Kim is now in 
danger of being engulfed by 
it 

Analysts say the scandal 
shows that bribery is a deeply 
ingrained, and to some extent 
accepted, part of the business 
and political culture here that 
will be difficult to uproor as 
long as the government re- 
tains such strong control over 
the economy. 

Four people in Mr. Kim's 
inner circle — a cabinet min- 
ister and three members of the 
National Assembly — have 
been arrested and accused of 
accepting hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars apiece from 
Mr. Chung. 

Prosecutors say that in re- 
turn they did favors, partic- 
ularly helping to arrange bank 
loans to Mr. Chung’s Hanbo 
Steel & General Construction 
Co. company, which col- 
lapsed last month under 
nearly $6 billion in debt. 

Also arrested have been a 
close aide to the opposition 
leader Kim Dae Jung, two 
bank presidents, Mr. Chung 
and another Hanbo executive. 
The president has called for a 
full investigation. 

With one year remaining in 
his five-year term, Mr. Kim is 
in danger of becoming a lame 
duck. In addition to the scan- 
dal. his administration is still 
reeling from widespread 
strikes that erupted in late 
December after Mr. Kim’s 
New Korea Party steamroUed 
a new labor law through the 
National Assembly. His ap- 


have also been arrested. 

Analysts say a cause of the 
corruption is that the govern- 
ment exercises strong control 
over business and the econ- 
omy, so paying politicians or 
bureaucrats can open up big 
profit opportunities for 
companies. 

Party leaders need money 
to give to party candidates, 
and lawmakers are expected 
to give gifts to constituents on 
various occasions. “Law- 
makers are supposed to pay 
more than average people at 
weddings and funerals,” said 
Kim Chilli, spokesman for the 
governing New Korea Party. 

He said that while Pres- 
ident Kim "never received 
eveQ one penny,” from busi- 
nessmen, his aides who were 
arrested might have used 
money “to manage their or- 
ganizations,” and to "take 
care of their colleagues.” 

During South Korea's 
three decades of dictatorship 
that started in the 1960s, the 
government chose some fam- 
ily-owned companies, known 
as chaebol, to be the engines 
of industrial development. 
The chaebol, which have 
grown into gigantic conglom- 
erates that dominate the econ- 
omy, were given loans at fa- 
vorable interest rates by 
commercial banks, which 
functioned essentially as 
arms of the government. 

That is at the root of the 
Hanbo affair. Banks lent 
sums to Hanbo far in excess 
of what would have been 
prudent in part because of 
pressure from die govern- 
ment Mr. Chung, who had 
been convicted of bribery 
twice, apparently regarded 
his payments to politicians 
and bankers as so important 
that his chauffeur, who has 
been questioned by prosecu- 
tors but not arrested, held the 
rank of managing director of 
Hanbo. 

Opposition parties say that 
in South Korea, die president 
has such strong control of the 
government that Mr. Kim 
must have known what was 
going oil The president's son 
is planning to sue two op- 
position politicians for libel, 
which will mean he will be 
subject to questioning by 
prosecutors. 

Other critics say it is bad 
enough that Mr. Kim's aides 
took money. 



Governor Chris Patten, left, and Malcolm Rifkind assessing Hong Kong’s future Sunday. 

Rifkind, Visiting Hong Kong, 
Won't Hide ’ Disagreement 


By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Past Service 

HONG KONG — Making what could be his 
last visit here before China assumes control over 
Hong Kong, Malcolm Rifkind, the British for- 
eign secretary, has conceded that London and 
Beijing remain far apart on questions about Hong 
Kong's future freedoms and human rights, as 
well as the need for an appointed interim le- 
gislature. 

But Mr. Rifkind, who arrived here late Sat- 
urday and held a whirlwind day of meetings 
Sunday, also held out hope that China's anointed 
chief executive for the territory, the shipping 
tycoon Tung Chee-hwa, might be persuaded to 
soften Beijing's plan to curtail certain Hong 
Kong civil liberties after he holds consultations 
with load residents. 

“I don’t hide from yoo the disagreement,'* 
Mr. Rifkind said, citing Beijing's appointment of 
an “provisional” legislature to replace the cur- 
rent, democratically elected body, and also 
China's plans to roll back or modify the local Bill 
of Rights and other basic freedoms, such as the 
right to demonstrate peacefully. 

The disagreements, he said, “are a serious 
impediment to die kind of smooth transition we 
would wish.” 

Mr. Tung has promised to hold a series of 
consultations to try to defuse some of the public 
furor over die civil liberties moves, which have 
emerged as the first serious crisis for the in- 
coming chief executive. 

The proposed changes, already endorsed by 
Beijing's Communist leadership, have sparked 
strong international condemnation, and given 
Mr. Tung an unwelcome distraction as he tries to 
assemble his governing team and reassure the 
world that Hong Kong's transition to China on 
June 30 is proceeding smoothly. 


Mr. Tung in the last weeks has adamantly 
defended the changes, calling them “technical” 
on one hand, but also declaring that Hong Kong 
citizens needed to balance their individual rights 
and freedoms with die need for “stability” and 
social order.- 

But after meeting with Mr. Rifkind on Sunday. 
Mr. Tung seemed to suggest a slightly softer 
line. 

"I will listen to consultations,” he said. “On 
the other hand. I have a set of values.” 

The Briton later said that he hoped Mr. Tung 
“will respond to these consultations.” 

Although not predicting that he would openly 
defy Beijing ana stop the civil liberties changes, 
Mr. Rifkind said he hoped the new chief ex- 
ecutive might “at least make the damage that 
would be done less substantial than it otherwise 
might be.*' 


But China gave little indication that it was 
willing to back down from the proposed changes 
in the civil liberties laws. 

Zhang Junsheng, a senior official of the Xin- 
hua news agency, which acts as Beijing’s de 
facto embassy in Hong Kong, was seen on local 
television late Sunday saying, in Chinese: ‘"The 
human rights issue is closed. Mr. Rifkind is 
Britain’s foreign secretary. So why does he still 
not understand diis?” 

“He can say anything he likes,” the head of 
the legislature appointed under Beijing's aus- 
pices, Rita Fan, said of Mr. Rifkind. “But the fact 
is that it is none of his business.” 

Members of die United Democrats also were 
sharply critical of Mr. Rifkind's visit, saying 
London was still not doing enough to protect 
Hong Kong’s interests in these final nineteen 
weeks before the handover to China. 

“We don’t have any high hopes of Britain or 
other countries helping us,” said a party leader, 
Szeto Wah. 


KOREAN: Seoul Goes on Alert Amid Manhunt for Defector’s Assassins 


more than 80 percent after he 
took office early in 1993 to far 
less than 20 percent now. 

Prosecutors say their in- 
vestigation is complete. This 
is making some people sus- 
pect a coverup, since the pros- 
ecutors are under the control 
of die president. With the 
Whitewater investigation in 
the United States taking 
years, they say, it is prepos- 
terous to say that the Hanbo 
inquiry could be wrapped up 
in only three weeks. 

The National Assembly is 
to convene a special session 
on Monday, mainly to hold 
hearings on the scandal. Pres- 
ident Kim is expected to 
eventually express his regret 
to the nation and conduct a 
shake-up of his staff. Cabinet 
and party. 

"Hanbogate," as some are 
calling the affair, is not the 
only bribery scandal to hit the 
Kim administration. A de- 
fense minister and a labor 
minister were convicted of 
taking bribes earlier in Mr. 
Kim's tenure, and a health 
and welfare minister resigned 
after his wife was arrested for 
accepting money from an in- 
dustry association. 

A top aide to Mr. Kim was 
arrested and convicted last 
year and charged with accept- 
ing money from business- 
men. In other corruption 
scandals. 16 bank presidents 


Continued from Page 1 

Chung Hwa called the shooting "an as- 
sassination attempt by North Korean in- 
filtrators.” 

Prime Minister Lee Soo Sung said the 
anack was retaliation for the defection last 
week of Hwang Jang Yop, a high-ranking 
North Korean official who taught Com- 
munist ideology to Kim Jong D. 

Another official who deals with North 
Korean issues said the attack might have 
been meant as a "warning” to Mr. Hwang, 
who is stranded in the South Korean dip- 
lomatic mission in Beijing. 

"It is saying, 'You can meet a similar fate 
if you go to Seoul.’ ’’ said the official. 

South Korean officials are trying to per- 
suade China to let Mr. Hwang go to South 
Korea. But Beijing, which tries to re main 
friendly with both Korea*, so far has not 
indicated what it will do. 

Chinese policemen, armed with assault 
rifles and a water cannon, have cordoned 
off the area around the South Korean of- 
fices, putting spiked wire across the roads to 
puncture the tires of any vehicle that came 
too close. North Koreans are keeping a 
close watch on the building from behind the 
cordon. 

The defection of Mr. Hwang, as well as 
the widespread starvation in North Korea, 
apparently dampened celebrations in 
Pyongyang of Kim Jong D’s birthday, a 
major national holiday. 

The official North Korean newspaper 
lionized Mr. Kim, who turned 33, as a god, 
but die festivities seemed limited to a gym- 
nastics exhibition by thousands of children, 
according to agencies that monitor North 
Korean media. 

South Korean ministers, in their emer- 
gency meeting, decided to order extra police 
protection for prominent defectors and high 
government officials and for South Korean 


embassies abroad. Roadblocks were set up 
around Seoul to search cars for the gunmen. 
Troops stepped up their patrol of the North 
Korean border arid the coastline. U.S. mil- 
itary bases also became more vigilant in 
checking visitors' identification and unoc- 
cupied buildings, according to Jim Coles, a 
spokesman for U.S. Forces Korea. 

Policemen and military officials had 
already stepped up security against terrorist 
acts after Mr. Hwang's defection Wednes- 
day. 

Mr. Lee himself had been worried about 
an attack and had therefore been living in a 
friend's apartment since late last year, re- 
ports said Sunday. But he was apparently 
not under police protection. 

One report, which could not be con- 
firmed immediately, quoted a national se- 
curity official as saying 77 prominent de- 
fectors were under protection but that Mr. 
Lee had not wanted it. 

South Korean officials said defectors 
were protected when they first come to 
South Korea, often for a period of a year or 
two while they are interrogated and trained 
to live in a capitalist society. There are 
about 600 defectors in South Korea, one 
official said, and the number of people 
escaping North Korea, while still a trickle, 
has increased as starvation intensifies. 

Several factors point to North Korea's 
involvement in the shooting, authorities 
said, including a witness’s repot that Mr. 
Lee, after being shot, had said, “Spy, spy,” 
before losing consciousness. 

The police found two shells from a Bel- 
gian-made Browning pistol, a weapon they 
say is often used by North Korean agents. 
Shootings are rare here because people are 
not allowed to own guns. 

Also, North Korea hoi publicly vowed to 
take countermeasures for what it said was 
the kidnapping of Mr. Hwang. 

Pyongyang hoi already vowed retali- 


State Dept Report Backs Thais on Illicit Logging 



By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washington Pou Service 

WASHINGTON — Seeking to pre- 
serve good relations with an important 
Asian ally, the State Deportment has no- 
tified Congress that Thailand has effec- 
tively sealed its border with Cambodia 
and shut down clandestine logging traffic 
that has denuded Cambodianforesis. 

The report was surprisingly unequi- 
vocal, considering numerous accounts 
from environmental groups and jour- 
nalists that illicit timber exports continue 
from Cambodia to Thailand, and that 
senior officials of both governments 
profit from them. 

One congressional aide said it would be 
“a miracle* 1 if the report were accurate. 

The State Deportment based its con- 
clusion on a tour of the border last 


month, and critics said it would be easy 
for the traffic to resume once the in- 
spection was complete. 

By law, the Clinton administration 
would have been required to cut off most 
aid to Thailand, ana all aid to the Thai 
military, if it found dial Thailand con- 
tinued to tolerate or encourage com- 
merce that aided Cambodia's communist 
Khmer Rouge rebels. 

U.S. rid to Thailand is modest — 
about $4.6 million this year — but a 
cutoff would have disrupted relations 
with an important economic and polit- 
ical partner in Southeast Asia. 

So the State Department submitted a 
report required by the 1997 Foreign Aid 
appropriations an telling Congress that 
the Cambodian government banned tim- 
ber exports as of Dec. 31 and that “the 
Thai military has made a concerted effort 


to enforce the complete ban.” 

The logging provision was added to 
the foreign-aid law in a bid to cut off a 
major source of funds for the Khmer 
Rouge who. until Last year, controlled the 
border areas inside Cambodia and used 
the logging revenue to fund operations. 

The issue of Thailand’s complicity 
with the Khmer Rouge has long clouded 
U-S--Thai relations. Thai contacts with 
the rebel group began in tile late 1970s, 
when an invading Vietnamese force 
drove the Khmer Rouge from power in 
Phnom Penh and forced them to regroup 
in remote areas along the Thai border. 
The Thais, like some American officials, 
feared and opposed the Vietnamese more 
titan they feared the Khmer Rouge. 

But with the Vietnamese withdrawal 
from Cambodia and the carrying our of a 
1993 U.N. -sponsored political settle- 


ment, the logging traffic evolved into an 
issue of corruption, not policy. The Cam- 
bodian government officials who made it 
possible it by issuing phony export cer- 
tificates were financing their most ruth- 
less enemy; the Thais who profited from 
it were dealing with a rebel group reviled 
throughout Asia for its brutality. 

After major Khmer Rouge units de- 
fected and joined the Cambodian gov- 
ernment last year, the cross-border 
traffic was by definition no longer sup- 
porting the Khmer Rouge, so opponents 
shifted their focus to the logging traffic’s 
impact on Cambodia’s environment and 
its effect on government revenue. 

The International Monetary Fund held 
up a $20 million loan installment to 
Cambodia last year because the logging 
exports deprived the government of 
needed revenue. 


Taleban Forces Nearing 
Breakthrough to North 

Afghan Coalition Remains Fragmented 


ation after South Korean troops killed al- 
most all of a team of North Koreans who 
came ashore from a grounded submarine in 
September. Shortly afterward, a South 
Korean diplomat in Vladivostok, Russia, 
was murdered. 

Authorities say there may be thousands of 
North Korean agents in South Korea. They 
can ccrae by submarine or by passing 
through a third country en route to South 
Korea. 

Still, investigators could not totally dis- 
count that someone else might have tried to 
kill Mr. Lee, who had racked up huge debts 
and had a somewhat checkered past. 

A Foreign Ministry official, meanwhile, 
said he hoped that progress toward better 
relations on die peninsula would continue 
but that such improvement might not be 
possible if the South Korean public's at- 
titude to North Korea hardened. 

“We are exerting our utmost caution not 
to let it affect other things,” he said. “But 
we have to pay attention to public opin- 
ion.” 

The first spillover might be the delay of a 
survey of the site for the construction of two 
nuclear plants that are to be provided to 
North Korea by South Korea. Japan, the 
United States and other countries in ex- 
change for Pyongyang’s giving up its sus- 
pected nuclear weapons program. 

The survey team of 26 Sooth Koreans, an 
American and a Japanese is to leave for 
North Korea this week. But Seoul might 
delay the trip, the Foreign Ministry official 
said, because of fears the South Koreans 
could be held hostage. 

North Korea has also agreed to attend a 
briefing on a proposal by Seoul and Wash- 
ington for peace talks. But Pyongyang has 
already twice postponed the meeting as it 
first tries to arrange for the shipment of 
300,000 tons of grain by the U.S. agribusi- 
ness giant Cargill. 


By John F. Burns 

New York Tones Service 

SALANG PASS, Afghanistan — 
After being stalled fear months on the 
plateau north of Kabul, the forces of the 
railitantly Islamic Taleban movement 
are once more on the march across Af- 
ghanistan. Their objective this time is a 
breakthrough into northern flatlands be- 
yond the peaks of the Hindu Kush 
mountains. 

With the white flags that symbolize 
their brand of Islam fluttering from their 
tanks, the Taleban have broken the im- 
passe that settled in after they captured 
Kabul the capital, in September. Now 
they are close to a gateway through the 
mountains that would open the northern 
pl ains to their advance. 

The challenges ahead are formidable, 
including a 12 J) 00-foot mountain pass 
and a precipitous gorge that have been 
obstacles for armies crossing the Hindu 
Kush for at least 2,000 years. But the 
prize is great, too, since a breakthrough 
to the north would put the Taleban. who 
already control 21 of Afghanistan’s 32 
provinces, in a position to fight for the 
remaining 11. 

The situation has put new strains on 
the coalition known as the Northern 
Alliance, which was hurriedly fanned 
in October, when the Taleban’s last big 
offensive earned them on a rapid con- 
quest of eastern Afghanistan, culmin- 
ating in their seizure of Kabul. Three 
disparate fighting groups opposed to the 

Taleban met urgently in a small town on 
the northern slopes of the Hindu Kush. 

But the pact they signed has been 
undermined by personal, political and 
tribal enmities. The three partners — 
Ahmed Shah Masoud, leading the 
Tajiks; Abdul Rashid Dustam, a former 
Communist who leads the Uzbek 
minority, and Abdul Karim Khaliiy, 
leader of die Hazara people — have not 
pooled their forces. This has played into 
the hands of the Taleban, whose units, 
mainly from the nation’s hugest ethnic 
group, die Pashtuns, have been increas- 
ingly effective in battle. 

The commanders in northern Af- 
ghanistan , reeling from setbacks sus- 
tained in a Taleban offensive that began 
in mid-January, have been trying to 
steady their troops. Although the Tale- 

persuade EonSine units ofthenoiSran 
armies to switch sides, many A fghans 
believe the Taleban could be fighting on 
the northern side of the mountains m a 
few weeks. 

Some northern commanders have 
started evacuating their families and 
packing their household belongings. 
Others have said they will fight. Mr. 
Masoud told his commanders last week 
that they should prepare for the most 
difficult period in nearly 20 years of 
war. 

“I told them, ‘If you stay with me, 
consider yourselves to be as good as 
dead,’ ” Mr. Masoud mid visitors to his 
stronghold in the Panjshir Valley. 

"The commanders talked it over with 
their families. Then they all came 
back,” he added. 

A new test seems likely soon, since 
the weakest alliance partner. Mr. 


Khaliiy, controls die 12*500-foot Shibar 
Pass, which stands immediately in the 
Taleban’s path. The route they are fol- 
lowing, a 150-mile (240-blometer) 
loop through the mountains, was forced 
on them when one of Mr. Masoud’s 
commanders halted their advance in 
January by blasting a key bridge on the 
main north-south route. 

From front-line positions barely five 
miles east of the pass, Taleban com- 
manders have opened talks with Mr. 
Khaliiy, urging him not to fight. If he 
agrees, the Taleban could sweep for- 
ward rapidly. Beyond the pass, a local 
leader with nominal loyalties to Mr. 
Masoud, and with forces controlling a 
gorge along the B amian River, has told 
reporters that he will “run up the white 


The 5 million Afghans who live in the 
northern provinces, out of a population 
of perhaps 16 million, enjoy freedoms 
that have been extinguished by the Tale- 
ban. 

In contrast to restrictions on women 
in Kabul and other cities under Taleban 
control, in the north women can work 
and dress as they please. Giris’ schools 
remain open, and the attendance at 
mosques is voluntary. Alcohol al- 
though officially proscribed, is freely 
available. 

But alliance forces have been 
weakened by corruption and plunging 
morale. And there has been little sign of 
support from Russia and the Muslim 
countries on Afghanistan's northern 
border, formerly part of the Soviet Uni- 
on, which met in October and branded 
the Taleban a threat to their own se- 
curity. 

What assistance there has been has 
gone to Mr. Dustam, commander of die 
alliance's most powerful military force. 
But even this appears to have been min- 
imal 

“We have had no military support, 
because we don’t need it,” said Mo- 
hammed Yusuf, a Dustam aide. His 
forces retain large numbers of Soviet- 
made tanks and artillery pieces, as well 
as an aging squadron of jet fighters and 
attack helicopters. 

Mr. Dustam has concentrated most of 
his firepower around his northern 
headquarters, leaving more vulnerable 
areas to die south to fend for them- 
selves. 

But military strategies are not die 

shiftedagainst the northern leaders. In 
northern towns and villages all die way 
to the Hindu Kush, people in bazaars 
and alleys lower their voices when 
asked about the Taleban. Then, many 
say they would welcome the Islamic 
militants. “Under die white flag, we 
will have peace,” they say. 

These people say the northern troops, 
especially Mr. Dustam’s, have hoarded 
food and raided local markets to take 
grain to sell in the Muslim states to the 
north, which are short of food them- 
selves as a result of poor harvests. By 
dumping carloads of Afghan currency 
into cmhside exchange markets to buy 
up American dollars, Mr. Dustam’s 
commanders have also worsened an in- 
flationary spiral that has caused man y to 
go hungry. 


BRIEFLY 


U.S. Orders 2 Aides 
From India to Leave 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States has ordered die expulsion of 
two diplomats from India in retal- 
iation for the expulsion of two Amer- 
ican officials from New Delhi last 
month, a State Department spokes- 
man said Sunday. 

The spokesman, Glyn Davies, said 
die Indian diplomats were stationed in 
the San Francisco and Chicago con- 
sulates and were ordered on Feb 10 to 
leave the country for “activities that 
were incompatible with their consular 
status.” 

The spokesman confirmed that the 
orders woe in retaliation for the ex- 
pulsion of two Americans last month 
from New Delhi. No further details 
were available. 

One of the U.S. diplomats asked to 
leave India was reported to be the 
station chief of the CIA in New Delhi. 
The Press Trust of India said he re- 
portedly had “unauthorized” links 
with a man called Rattan Sehgal, 
identified as a director in charge of the 
anti-espionage division of India’s In- 
telligence Bureau. (Reuters) 

Deng Reported III 

BEIJING — Newspaper repeats 
here say the health of China’s para- 
mount leader, Deng Xiaoping, is foil- 
ing. Officials say there is Little change 
ana he is all right for a man of 92. 

Hong Kong's Apple Daily reported 
over the weekend that Mr. Deng had 
been rushed to the hospital on 
Thursday after a massive stroke that 
followed an earlier, mild stroke. 

“I think, for someone of that ad- 
vanced age, the state of his health 
should be described as all right.” said 
a Foreign Ministry spokesman at a 
meeting of European and Asian min- 
isters in Singapore. (Reuters) 

Cambodians Held 

SIEM REAP, Cambodia, — Hard- 
line Khmer Rouge guerrillas held 
government negotiators on Sunday 
after pretending they wanted to talk 
peace, senior officials said. 

“Everything is going well; we are 


still negotiating,” said the regional 
military commander, General Khan 
Savoeun. 

His deputy, Nuon Vana. said 15 
people were missing, including the 
Siem Reap deputy governor, Hem 
Bunheng; General Phuong Bunph- 
oeun of the Defense Ministry, and a 
divisional commander. Colonel 
Sochan Hang. 

They were on board a helicopter 
that left on Friday far a rendezvous 
with the rebels, after a hard-line lead- 
er, Ta Mok. said be wanted to calk 
about defecting, an officer at Siem 
Reap air base said. (Reuters) 

22 Killed in India 

NEW DELHI — The eastern In- 
dian state of Tripura ordered the po- 
lice to shoot tribal guerrillas on sight 
Sunday and deployed the army after 
the massacre of 22 people, officials 
said. 

Home Minister Samar Chowdhury 
said special powers had been given to 
police and army officers deployed 
after tribal guerrillas shot and killed 
22 people in three Tripura villages, 
the second massacre in four days. 

United News of India said 22 
people were killed and a “large num- 
ber” of others were wounded in the 
three raids Sunday in Tripura's west- 
ern Khowai region. (AFP) 

Bhutto Conciliatory 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — 1 he 
ousted prime minister, Benazir 
Bhutto, sounded a conciliatory note on 

Sunday as she allowed her victorious 
opponents to choose a new National 
Assembly speaker unopposed. 

The 217-seat assembly, dominated 
by Nawaz Sharif s Pakistan Muslim 
League, settled on a PML nominee, 
Ilahi Buksh Soomro, a veteran politi- 
cian and former minister. 

The departing speaker, Yousaf 
Raza Gilani, said Mr. Soomro had 
been chosen without a vote because 
the nominee of Mrs. Bhutto's 
Pakistan People's Party, Khursbid 
Shah, had withdrawn. 

Mr. Sharif publicly thanked Mrs. 
Bhutto for withdrawing her party's 
nominations for speaker mid deputy 
speaker. (Reuters) 













INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIRUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


1 



EUROPE 


BATTLE OF BERLIN — Riot policemen leading off a youth alter weekend 
clashes between leftists and rightists in Berlin. A total of 104 people were arrested. 

Angry Face-Off in French City 

Anti-Racists Demonstrate as Far Right Takes Office 


The Associated Press 

V ITROLLES, France — Hundreds of anti- 
racist demonstrators faced off with National 
From supporters outside the city hall here on 
Sunday while a National Front mayor took 
office in the fourth French city won by the far- 
right party. 

With die southern cities of Toulon, Marig- 
n:me and Orange, the Front took control of this 
small town outside Marseille after last week's 
runoff, whose issues were immigration, cor- 
ruption and high unemployment 

Catherine Megret. whose only political 
ha.se was that of her husband, Bruno Megret, 
the Front's No. 2 leader, took 30 of 39 votes in 
a Municipal Council meeting Sunday under 
£ heavy police security. 

The council met while about 300 members 
of Ras le Front (Fed up with the Front), most 
of them black and North African youths from 
immigrant families living around Vitrolles, 
assembled outside. 

' Resistance!," they chanted. “Fascism 
won't pass!" 

A group of about 100 Front supporters of all 
ages traded insults with the protesters and 
booed the outgoing Socialist mayor, Jean- 
jacques Anglade, as he entered city hall. 

Mrs. Megret called for calm but sent a 


appeasing National front supporters. 

In a statement published m Sunday's Le 
Journal de Dimanche. Catherine Deneuve. 
Carole Bouquet. Jeanne Moreau, Michel Pic- 
coli and Cniara Mastroianni were among 
those urging “our fellow citizens to disobey 
so not to submit to inhumane laws.' ’ 

Prime Minister Alain Juppe on Saturday 
said he would stick to plans to have the 
National Assembly consider die law on Feb. 
23 and 26. The legislation would require 
people to officially declare the departure of 
foreigners who stayed with them. 


Home Rule for Scotland 
Again Moves to the Fore 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 


»e to vandals who burned several cars 
after the election. “The quarrels and the 
clashes must end and we must unite our forces 
to bring back security, calm and prosperity to 
Vitrolles.’ ’ she said, promising to present her 
plans within a month. 

Mrs. Megret said the city would bring 
charges against those, arrested for vandalism. 
“The rowdies who don’t respect the verdict of 
the ballot box will have to respect that of the 
courts,” shp said. 

Meanwhile, more than 400 French actors 
and actresses added their names to a growing 
civil disobedience movement against the con- 
servative government's proposal to tighten 
immigration laws. Opponents see the law as 
i front 


pnee a subject only for romantics and 
dreamers, home rule for Scotland has again 
emerged as a serious issue on the British polit- 
ical agenda as the nation prepares for general 
elections that must be held by May 22. 

The Labour Party's electoral manifesto 
promises as one of its first legislative actions 
to allow Scottish voters a referendum in which 
they will be asked whether they want their 
- own Parliament and whether they want h to 
have tax-raising powers. 

Since Labour is riding high in pre-election 
polls, Scottish commentators are getting excited 
about tire home-rule issue, even though it attracts 
relatively little interest south of the border. 

The governing Conservative Party is hos- 
tile to the idea of self-government for Scot- 
land but reluctant to say so openly for fear of 
alienating Scottish voters. 

Stephen Dorrefl. the secretary of state for 
health, said recently that if a Scottish Par- 
liament ever came to pass, a future Con- 
servative government would abolish it. 

Mr. DorrelJ, who is sometimes described in 
Tory circles as a possible heir to the party 
leadership, was mildly rebuked by Prime 
Minister John Major. He removed Mr. Dor- 
rell’s responsibility as spokesman for con- 
stitutional matters, a hat that most people were 
unaware he wore in the first place. 

Did tbe health secretary commit a gaffe, or 
was he sending a message to Conservative 
followers? “That’s the question we are all 
asking," said Andrew Wilson, a spokesman 
for tbe Scottish National Party, which seeks 
an outright break with England. “It seems 
hard to believe that a politician of that caliber 
would make such a gaffe.” Tbe Scottish Na- 
tional Parly's leader. Alex Salmond, said Mr. 
Doirell had shown that the Conservatives 
“are fundamentally an anti-Scottish party." 

Many Scots take Labour’s pledge, like their 
porridge, with a pinch of salt. Many Labour 
legislators are no more willing to interfere with 
the 290-year-old union between England and 
Scotland than their Conservative colleagues. 

Nevertheless, the Labour party has long 
been promising “devolution" of powers to 
Scotland, and it held a referendum on the 
subject 18 years ago. Devolution is the name 
given to a diluted form of home rule that 
would allow Scotland to conduct regional 
affairs through its own Parliament, but main- 
tain economic, political and defense ties with 
England. Although slightly more people voted 
for devolution in 1979 than against, the ref- 
erendum was declared invalid because less 
than 40 percent of the electorate participated. 

Circumstances have changed since then. In 
die 1992 general election, three quarters of 
Scottish voters voted for parties pledged to 
constitutional change. Although the Conser- 
vatives have only 1 1 of the 72 Scottish seats in 


the House of Commons, their political pre- 
dominance in England and Wales has enabled 
them to block any attempt at home rule. Indeed, 
there have been 34 failed bills calling for home 
rule for Scotland in the past 100 years. 

“We are totally unhappy with the demo- 
cratic deficit." said Main Stenhouse, 21. a 
law student at Edinburgh University who 
works for an ad hoc organization called 
Democracy for Scotland. At present, she said, 
unless voters in England and Wales vote for 
what the Scottish want “we are never going to 
get a proper say. That's our main gripe." 

Ever since the 1992 election. Democracy 
for Scotland has handed out political and civic 
information from a trailer parked outside the 
Edinburgh building of the Scottish Office. 
‘ * Some of the people who come here want total 
independence and some want devolution." 
Ms. Stenhouse said. “Th e common point is 
that they feel they are getting a raw deal." 

Another factor that has changed since 1 979 
is the spreading realization that Scotland does 
not have to be dependent on Westminster, but 
like many European regions can find its own 
place within the European Union. 

“it 1979, it was the United Kingdom or 
nothing," said Alan Miller, secretary of Com- 
mon Cause, a civic forum on Scotland's future. 
Today, he said. Scotland has Europe as an 
alternative. It does not share England's skep- 
ticism and foot-dragging on Europe. 

Mr. Miller said this could become a critical 
issue if in a future referendum on the adoption 
of a European single currency the English 
voted against and the Scottish for. Then the 
Scottish National Party “would become 

g ivotal, and their line on independence in 
urope could become much more important 
than at present.” 

No matter what the election result nationally, 
the Labour Party is likely to walk away with the 
bulk of the 72 Scottish seats in the House of 
Commons. Polls show Labour solidly in die 
lead with almost 30 percent of the vote, the 
Scottish Nationalists second with 23 percent 
and tbe Conservatives in the rear with 15 
percent 

But in the event of a national victory, the 
Labour Party 's standing in the House of Com- 
mons is likely to be much more tenuous — so 
much so, say some commentators, that the 
party may not be able to follow through on its 
devolution promise. 

“A significant number of Labour back- 
benchers are adamantly opposed to monetary 
union and the creeping federalism which ‘New 
Labour* seems to endorse," said Madsen Pir- 
ie, president of the Adam Smith Institute, in a 
recent essay published in Scotland on Sunday. 
“A small majority in Parliament would give 
them immense power to amend, to deter, to 
delay and to wreck. Tempers would flare, 
rebellions would break out, and any divisive 
legislation would tend to head for the back 
burner, as it did for Labour’s opponents.” 


PAGE 5 


BRIEFLY 


Tories Face Test on Cow Disease 

LONDON — Britain's Conservative government will 
face a tough day in Parliament on Monday, when me 
house votes on a motion of no confidence in Agriculture 
Minister Douglas Hogg over his handling of 'the crisis 
over bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or “mad cow " 
disease. 

If it loses, the government could face an immediate 
overall vote of no confidence. If this. too. were successful. 
Prime Minister John Major would be forced to dissolve 
Parliament and call a general election immediately. Mr. 
Major currently has until May I to call the election, which 
according to the latest opinion polls would be won 
comfortably by the opposition Labour Party. I 

TTie vote will he tough for the Conservatives, who no 
longer have a majority in the House of Commons. lt> 
outcome will effectively be derided by the nine MPs from 
the Ulster Unionist Party. They have’ traditionally voted 
with the Conservatives, but the mad cow issue is a 
sensitive one for them, and they may choose to shift 
allegiance. i ,\FP> 

Swiss Minister Assails D Amato 

GENEVA — FJavio Cotti. the Swiss foreign minister, 
denounced Senator Alfonse D'Amuto. Republican of 
New York. Sunday for a spate of verbal attacks against his 
country, whose banks have been accused of plundering 
Jew ish assets during World War n. 

“D'Amato is no! Swirzerland \s judge." Mr. Cotti said 
in an interview with the weekly SonntagsBlick published 
Sunday. Although he could understand the U.S. senator's 
interest in the fate of Jewish assets left in Sw iss accounts, 
he said, “the way he presents us and his luek of trust in 
Switzerland's goodwill are unacceptable. '* r.-lZ-T 1 

Albanians Continue Protests 

VLORE. Albania — A new demonstration by 3 .(*00 
Vlore residents took over the main street in (his southern 
port Sunday morning, continuing a campaign of ardent 
anti -government sentiment. 

Gathering, as they have daily since Jan. ft. in front of the 
police station, the protesters culled for help from in- 
tellectuals and the resignation of President Salt Bcrisha'' 
administration, which they blame for the collapse of high- i 
risk investment schemes. The protesters dispersed with- j 
out incident at midday. \.\FFi [ 


The EU This Week; 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• Madeleine Albright. U.S. secretary of state, meets in 
Brussels on Tuesday with Jacques Santer. president of the 
European Commission. Trade Commissioner Sir Leon 
Brirtan and other commissioners for talks to resolve the 
U.S.-EU trade dispute overthe Helms-Bunon Act and for 
talks on EU enlargement. 

• The European Parliament on Tuesday will debate a 
report that criticized the European Commission and the 
British government for their handling of the “mad cow " 
crisis, and on Thursday votes on a proposal to censure the 
commission. 

The censure motion, which would require the resig- 
nation of the 20-member EU executive body, is expected 
to fall short of the two-thirds vote required. (IHTi 




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PAGE 6 


I INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 17. 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Lull in Zaire’s War Betrays Weakness on Both Sides 


By James Rupert 

WuAin.gRHi Pom Stn-icc 

KINSHASA, Zaire — The startling four- 
month offensive by fighters who have swept 
across eastern Zaire has slowed in recent days, 
underscoring what analysts here say is weak- 
ness and disorganization on both sides of a 
murky, chaotic war. 

By early this month. Zairian rebels, re- 
portedly joined by troops from Rwanda and 
Uganda, had transformed their local rebellion 
i nto a serious threat to Zaire's government and 
perhaps to its existence as a state. 

The war has forced a massive population 
out of towns and villages to seek safety in 
dense jungle, going without shelter and eating 
whatever they can. The fighting has displaced 
“maybe 30 percent'’ of the 3 million to 4 
million Zairians in the combat zone, said 
Hubert Gdongo, the chief Central Africa rep- 
resentative of the UN refugee agency. It also 
has uprooted another 450,000 refugees from 
Rwanda and Burundi who have been shel- 
tering in Zaire, the agency has said. 

The fighting has raised international alarm 
that sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest 
country could disintegrate in a civil war that 
would be disastrous for the nine poor or un- 
stable countries around iL The United States 
and France warned Uganda and Rwanda this 
month to stop backing the rebellion. But West- 
ern diplomats in Zaire said the U.S. gov- 
ernment was not prepared to apply pressure to 


force them to comply. Uganda and Rwanda 
deny they are supporting die rebels. 

Since Feb. 5, there have been no reports of 
significant advances by the rebels toward 
their main targets — the southern mining 
center of Lubumbashi and the military and 
commercial hub of northern Zaire, Kisangani. 
Both sides say die rebels last week took the fur 
northern town of Isiro and another locale near 
the Sudanese border. 

Meanwhile, the government of President 
Mobutu Sese Seko has failed to mount the 
counteroffensive it announced on Jan. 20. A 
Defense Ministry spokesman conceded that 

the army needed more time to prepare for 
major operations. 

Analysts said it was uncertain what had 
stalled the rebels, or how long the lull might 
last, but some said the slowdown in fighting 
may reflect deep weaknesses on both sides. 
Neither side has been seriously tested in com- 
bat. As the rebels have advanced, the gov- 
ernment soldiers have tended to flee without 
fighting. Western diplomats in Zaire, who 
spoke on condition of anonymity, said the 
war’s outcome may be decided not by which 
side defeats the other, but by which collapses 
from internal problems. 

Marshal Mobutu’s 35 years of corrupt rale 
have left Zaire unable to maintain roads, a 
telephone system or other infrastructure. And, 
as dictators often do. Marshal Mobutu “has 
kept the army weak to prevent it from threat- 
ening him," a senior Western diplomat saicL 


While Zaire officially declares it has more 
than 1 00,000 men in military and paramilitary 
services, only the presidential guard — which 
officials have numbered at 6.000 to 12,000 — 
is believed to be combat ready. 

Zaire flew presidential guards to Kisangani 
along with what diplomats and media reports 
have estimated as 200 to 400 European mer- 
cenaries. For the first time since the start of the 
rebellion, government forces halted a rebel 
advance — this one toward Kisangani, in 
fighting this month southeast of Luburu. 

A Defense Ministry spokesman. Leon Ka- 
Hma. acknowledged the presence of Serbian 
soldiers and East European pilots, whom jour- 
nalists have reported encountering in Kisan- 
gani. “They are only there as trainers for our 
own soldiers, not to participate in combat’’ 
the spokesman said. 

Western journalists have reported mercen- 
aries leaving town for the front — and. in 
some cases, bodies of white Europeans being 
returned. 

Zaire also is arming Hutu refugees from 
Rwanda who oppose the Tutsi of the anti- 
Mobutu alliance. On Friday. lire UN secretary- 
general. Kofi Annan, condemned Zaire for 
distributing arms at the huge UN campatTingi- 
Tingi, outside Lubutu. United Nations aid 
workers have said that Zaire has forcibly loaded 
crates of guns onto UN planes that have been 
flying food from Kisangani to Tirfgi-Tingi. 

Diplomats and news organizations also 
have reported what they call deep weaknesses 



in the anti-Mobutu front. “There is a question 
of the rebels running out of steam." a senior 
Western diplomat said. “Their worst enemy 
is distance — the size of the country — and 
the need to maintain long supply lines, he said- 
And while seizure of territory may lead re- 
cruits to the rebels" ranks, it gives them a 
larger population to manage. 

The main Zairi an rebel force, led by a 
longtime insurgent, Laurent Kabila, is a mix 
of dissatisfied groups, and there has been 
fighting among mem. 

There is also the question of how long 
Uganda and Rwanda can continue supporting 
the war. a diplomat said. Western embassies in 
Zaire asserted that the rwo countries were send- 
ing thousands of troops to fight alongside the 
rebels and were providing uniforms, weapons 
and transport. They also asserted that Burundi 
had offered training facilities. The government NJp 

Several diplomats and aid workers said SS? ^ ■" 

Uganda and Rwanda aimed to help the rebels <t - 

seize eastern Zaire up to aroiuid the Zaire 

area would distance Rwanda from Hutu ex- L ' ' ’ - * 

tremisLs who took part in the 1994 genocide | — 

and were launching crxxss-boider attacks from ” ' 

Zairian refugee c“amps. Uganda also faces Zairians cheering for the rebel chief. Laurent Kabila, at 
rebellions along its border with Zaire and an anti-Mobutu protest in Kinshasa. About 100 people 
would like a pliant neighbor. rallied Saturday despite a ban on demonstrations. 


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Hutu Militants 
Dim Hopes for 
Peace in Rwanda 


By James C. McKinley Jr. 

Mm Ibrt Tim ex Service 

KIGALI. Rwanda — The 
young trader knew something 
was odd about the military 
checkpoint when the soldiers 
asked the passengers of four 
minivans to get out and sit on 
the grass. The seven guards 
were shabbily dressed, but 
they carried automatic 
weapons. 

“1 started to get worried 
because some were in uni- 
form and others were in ci- 
vilian clothes.’ ’ the trader. 
Gakunzi Rukimisha, 27. said 
from his hospital bed in 
Kigali. “This wasn’t the mil- 
itary police we are used to.” 

A few minutes later, the 
band of Hutu guerrillas pos- 
ing as government soldiers 
took the passengers' wallets, 
he said. Then they ordered tire 
passengers ro separate them- 
selves — Hutu to the right, 
Tutsi to the left 

Without explanation, their 
commander gave an order, 
and the men opened fire on 
the Tutsi, Mr. Rukimisha 
said. At least seven adults and 
one infant fell dead in the first 
onslaught of lead. Mr. 
Rukimisha ran for his life 
along with dozens of others 
and was wounded in the but- 
tocks. 

Three more people died 
later of their wounds. 

The attack on Sunday, in 
daylight on a major highway, 
was one of the latest atrocities 
in a two-month-old wave of 
killing by Hutu militants who 
have terrorized Tutsi and 
forced aid organizations to 
suspend operations in many 
places. 

The wave of violence has 
also derailed hopes that this 
ethnically divided epuntxy 
would be able to knit itself 
back together anytime soon 
after the civil war and gen- 
ocide in 1994. diplomats and 
aid workers say. 

Those hopes were running 
high just three months ago. 
when more than 1 million 
Hutu refugees returned to 
Rwanda from camps in Zaire 
and Tanzania after two years 
in exile. At first, there were 
few violent incidents among 
the returnees, and it looked as 
if a reconciliation between 
the Hutu majority and the 
Tutsi minority was possible. 

But returning with the 
flood of refugees were thou- 
sands of Hutu militia mem- 
bers and former soldiers who 
took part in the 1994 genocide 
against Tutsi and moderate 
Hutu, in which at least 
500,000 people were 
slaughtered. Rwandan offi- 
cials say. 

The Rwandan Army did 
not try to screen the returning 
refugees in search of militia 
members, nor did it imme- 
diately separate soldiers from 
other refugees. The govern- 
ment was afraid that taking 
the time to sort out the fight- 
ers might have jammed the 
flow into Rwanda and created 
new refugee camps in 
Rwanda that might become 
permanent. As a result, some 
of these men disappeared into 
the countryside and swelled 
the ranks of the Hutu guer- 
rillas. diplomats and govern- 
ment officials said. 

“We are now paying for 
offering peace a chance,” 
said Major Emmanuel 
Ndahiro, a spokesman for the 
Rwandan Defense Depart- 
ment. “We hoped they would 
take this open hand and re- 


dress the past.” Instead, the 
guerrillas have stepped up 
their offensive against the 
Tutsi-controlled government, 
diplomats and Rwandan of- 
ficials said. 

Although precise figures 
are difficult to pin down, 
scores of Tutsi who survived 
the genocide have been killed 
in massacres in the last two 
months, especially in the 
northwest of the country, his- 
torically a stronghold of Hutu 
politicians. 

“There are a lot of people 
who came back and have 
nothing to lose.” a European 
diplomat in Kigali said. “And 
they are willing to get in- 
volved in terrorist and sui- 
cidal attacks.” 

In response, government 
troops have taken increas- 
ingly repressive measures to 
stamp out the insurgents, 
killing dozens of unarmed ci- 
vilians in the process. 

More than 200 people are 
believed to have died in the 
tit-for-tat violence in January 
alone. United Nations offi- 
cials say. About 5.000 people 
have been arrested since the 
return of the refugees, bring- 
ing to 90.000 the number of 
people jailed in connection 
with the genocide and the 
events that followed. 

In the last three weeks, die 
guerrillas have shifted tactics, 
hitting aid workers and trying 
to terrorize travelers on the 
main roads. Their aim seems 
to be to drive foreign aid 
workers out of Rwanda and to 
send a message that govern- 
ment troops can no longer 
control the countryside, dip- 
lomats say. 

To an extent, the guerrilla 
strategy is working. The at- 
tacks on foreigners have 
forced most charities here to 
curtail their operations 
severely. The United Nations 
and most aid organizations 
retreated to the capital last 
week after guerrillas killed 
and mutilated five UN em- 
ployees who were investigat- 
ing human rights abuses. The 
slayings came just a week 
after militants killed a Cana- 
dian missionary in a church 
and two weeks after guerrillas 
gunned down three Spanish 
aid workers in their com- 
pound. 

Struggling to keep control 
of the northwest provinces, 

tiie Tutsi-led Rwandan Anny 
has responded with similar vi- 
ciousness in the last month, 
hitting communities where the 
guerrillas have attacked and 

then melted back into the local 

population, UN officials say. M 

In the capital, the mood is 
tense these days. Many Tutsi 
avoid traveling out of the city. 
Dozens of volunteers in aid 
agencies are packing up to go 
home. Other aid workers un- 
der contract say they will 
leave the country once that 
agreements expire. Rumors 
circulate every few days 
about an imminent guerrilla 
attack on whites in Kigali. 

■ 3 Suspects Killed 

Radio Rwanda said Sunday 
that three suspects in the slay- 
ings of the five UN human 
rights monitors have bon 
killed in a clash with security 
forces. The Associated Press 
reported from Kigali. 

One suspect survived the 
fight Friday and was arrested 
in connection with the Feb. 4 j 
ambush in southwestern 
Rwanda agains t the monitors 

— a Briton, a Cambodian and 

three Rwandans. 








INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


PAGET 


INTERNATIONAL 


Clinton’s Reluctant but Easy, Decision 


BRIEFLY 


By James Bennet 

New Tork Tones Service 


WASHINGTON — Because the eco- 
nomic reach of the pilots' union vastly 

Surf? ltS P 0 ?? 0 ® 1 firafP. President 
BiU Clinton was finse to intervene almost 
instantly to keep the jets flying when the 
pilots struck American Airlines. 

hi making his decision, Mr. Clinton 
had to weigh the potential fury of tens of 
thousands of holiday travelers, the pleas 
of lawmakers from states like California 
and Honda, and the prospect of a blow 
to the economy costing up to $200 mil- 
lion a day, against the wishes of 9.000 
pilots who are mostly Republicans and 
i *** e ^ en concentrated in one state. 

Still. Mr. Clinton resisted making a 
final decision so long that his staff pre- 
pared remarks in the event he decided 
not to intervene. In part, he was worried 
about setting a precedent that would 
waip future airline bargaining, senior 
White House officials say. 

But by late Friday night , aides said, be 
was convinced that a strike’s economic 
impact would be too severe. 

“Fine, I’ll do that,” Mr. Clinton fi- 
nally said as midnight appr oa ched, when 
Bruce Lindsey, the deputy While House 

ALBRIGHT: 

^ World Tour Begins 

Continued from Page 1 

and the NATO gathering to issue in- 
vitations to new members in Madrid in 
July. Even before that, Mr. Clinton and 
Mr. Yeltsin are to meet again at the 
gathering of representatives of die 
Group of Seven industrialized nations in 
Denver on June 22. 

But there is also German interest in 
the French proposal, and Moscow likes 
it While American officials do not op- 
pose a celebratory meeting if a deal with 
Russia is concluded by April, they do 
not want to give the Russians a chance to 
split the alliance if negotiations are still 
in play, as they are expected to be. 

With Mr. Yeltsin’s various illnesses, 
the NATO-Russian dialogue has not 
* progressed very far. Mrs. Albright al- 
luded to the sense of urgency in a brief- 
ing during the flight to Rome, saying: 
“We are on a very fast track here, 
basically. We have a lot of work to do 
between now and July.” 

Mrs. Albright continued an American 
effort to get Italy and other European 
countries to join Washington's effort to 
isolate so-called rogue nations like Iran, 
Libya, Iraq and, a special American Mte 
noire, Cuba. 

The European policy of engagement 
and “critical dialogue” with these na- 
tions is producing no results, she told 
Prime Minister Romano Prod! of Italy, 
adding: “We really wish Europe would 
consider decisive action.” 

She was no less forthright at the press 
conference: “We fed very strongly that 
supporting stales that support terrorism 
is a real problem for us." • 

V But Italy gets 42 percent of its oil 
from Iran and Libya. So the' Italian 
responses to Mrs. Albright’s criticism 
were polite, officials said, and Mr. Prodi 
and Mr. Dini, for their part, kept up 
European criticism of the American 
Helms-Burton law. which seeks to pun- 
ish foreign companies for doing busi- 
ness in Cuba. 

One Italian telecommunications com- 
pany. Stet, has been notified by Wash- 
ington that its holdings in Cuba — orig- 
inally expropriated from l'lT after the 
Cuban revolution of 1959 — could make 
it liable for punishment under the law. 

There was some excitement in the 
Italian press that Mrs. Albright had 
chosen to begin her tour of nine countries 
in Rome, with even the former Com- 
munist (now Socialist) newspaper 
a L'llnita writing, "Italian authorities do 
* not hide their satisfaction that she chose 
Italy for her first mission abroad.” 

The papers have lavished attention on 
her life story, including the recent rev- 
elations about her Jewish roots, and 
examined her record at the United Na- 
tions to see how she might regard Italy. 
She has been called “the Iron Lady,” an 
epithet borrowed from an old descrip- 
tion of former British Prime Minister 
Margaret Thatcher, as if any woman of 
power must be metallic. And she has 
also been described as a masrino , which 
means “mastiff.” But Italians hasten to 
say the word has only positive con- 
notations of strength and feistiness. 

Mrs. Albright is said by her aides to 
have lived up to that reputation in her 
conversations with Mr. Dim and Mr. 
Prodi. both of whom speak good Eng- 
lish. Mis. Albright’s style is to raise 
areas of contention and disagreement 
herself, and then expound the American 
position in frank terms. that may go 
beyond her talking points. 

. . Mrs. Albright also took advantage erf 

r a beautifully sunny day to 'take a .walk 
around Rome’s Capitol we Hill and For- 
um. 


counsel, called to recommend the in- 
tervention as the labor talks broke down, 
Mr. Lindsey said. 

By signing the order to intervene. Mr, 
Clinton invoked his extraordinary 
powers under the 1926 Railway Labor 
Act, suspending the strike for up to 60 
days while a newly convened emer- 
gency board develop a proposed agree- 
ment and the two sicks consider it The 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

last president to intervene this way in an 
airline strike was Lyndon Johnson, in 
1966. 

Mr. Clinton was given room to ma- 
neuver by his allies in organized labor. 
The AFL-CIO had recommended he not 
intervene, but the labor federation made 
no public fuss about it as the strike 
deadline loomed. And Saturday, the or- 
ganization seemed to shrug off Mr. Clin- 
ton’s decision, which undermined the 
pilots’ bargaining position by snatching 
away, at least temporarily, their most 
powerful lever. 

“We support the collective bargain- 
ing process,” said Denise Mitchell, a 
spokeswoman for the AFL-CIO. “It 
seemed as if the process was moving 


forward, but it had not yielded a contract 
at thax point. There are a lot of workers 
involved, and a lot of consumers who 
would be affected, and we respect the 
decisions that were made.” 

' Asked if union members would feel 
Mr. Clinton had violated a union prin- 
ciple by heading off a strike, Ms. 
Mitchell said:. “I don't think you can 
express it that clearly. I think that people 
probably had points of view that were all 
over the map.” 

The Allied Pilots Association is not a 
member of the AFL-CIO. In fad. it is 
isolated even within the airline industry, 
representing only the pilots at American. 
In 1963, the American pilots split away 
from the Air Line Pilots Association, 
which is a member of the labor fed- 
eration and still represents pilots at most 
major carriers. 

Even the other unions at American 
were not lining up to support a strike by 
the pilots, who earn on average 
5120.000 a year. In a strike, American 
had planned to put most of its 81,000 
other employees on leave. 

While die American pilots may have 
had few political allies, they had enor- 
mous economic power — too much, Mr. 
Clinton decided, to permit a strike. Much 


as a strike at one parts plant can dose most 
of a car maker's assembly lines, the pilots 
had the power to ground American. 

Still, White House officials said, Mr. 
Clinton would have much preferred not 
to have intervened because of his con- 
cern that intervention would change the 
nature of bargaining in the industry. 

But, Mr. Lindsey said, “We thought 
some of the circumstances were unique, 
for example the timing of it coming over 
one of the busiest weekends' ’ for airline 
travel. 

The case for intervening was stiffened 
by a Department of Transportation study 
provided to the White House last 
Thursday. It showed the strike’s effects 
rippling through the economy, punish- 
ing the tourism industry in South Florida 
and the Caribbean. And of the 220,000 
passengers who normally fly every day 
on American, about 43.000 would not be 
accommodated by other airlines. 

By intervening, the president may 
have merely delayed a strike. It would 
take an act of Congress to postpone it 
beyond the 60-day period he imposed. 
But he has done what he sought to avoid 
— inject himself into the negotiations, 
and perhaps subject himself to blame if 
they ultimately fail. 



Haoa I>ty*/Tbr .Wound hr* 

Captain Rich Rubin, an American Airlines pilot, reacting to the president’s decision to stop the strike. 

AI RLIN E; Service Resuming After Clinton Acts to Stop Strike 


Continued from Page 1 

prevent tiie ability of workers to strike," 
he said. "But at the same time, there 
were legal grounds and economic 
grounds for doing this, as well as the 
travelers- who would be stranded on a 
holiday weekend.” Monday is Presi- 
dents Day, a federal holiday. 

Other critics of the. president’s move 
said the 60-day cooling off period he 
ordered might only have postponed an 
inevitable confrontation between Amer- 
ican, a unit of AMR Corp. and the Allied 
.Hlots Association. 


But many travelers breathed sighs of 
relief when they heard that Mr. Clinton 
had ordered the cooling-off period 

The threatened strike caused short- 
term confusion for many airlines. 

An agent for Continental at the Dal- 
las-Fort Worth airport said the airline 
had a 60-percent no-show rate Saturday, 
after aD its flights had been overbooked. 
Apparently, large numbers of people 
double-booked with other airlines but 
then flew with American when the strike 
was stopped. 

At O'Hare International Airport in 
Chicago, officials had stockpiled cots 


and blankets for stranded travelers, ad- 
ded woxkers to help book alternative 
travel plans and prepared a command 
center to oversee the operation. 

Company officials tried to minimize 
the impact of the brief strike. "If it hurt 
us at all,” said a spokesman. A1 
Comeanx, “it was less than a bad storm 
at one of our hubs.” 

A few international departures, to 
Europe, Japan and South America, were 
canceled Saturday. They were announced 
before tiie midnight Friday strike deadline 
because the company did not want to have 
planes stranded at foreign airports. 


MARKET: Hedge-Fund Managers Look for the Party to Continue 


Continued from Page 1 

raise short-term interest 
rates. 

“We see no reason for 
them to move arid so assume 
they won't,” he said. “Un- 
like most macroeconomists 
who have no experience in 
the world of business, Alan 
Greenspan does, and be un- 
derstands that at the level of 
the corporation, there is 
neither, wage pressure nor 
price pressure.’ 

Mr. Druckenmiller said he 
believed corporate America 
would continue to hold the 
line on wage increases: 
“Companies today are con- 
stantly trying to (hive down 
costs and increase efficiency. 
They are focused on increas- 
ing shareholder value and the 
value of stock options owned 
by company executives.” 

Beyond six months, Mr. 
Druckenmiller will not haz-‘ 
ard a guess at the. market’s 
direction. He knows that the 
market has blown through 
many traditional valuation 
benchmarks and that one of 
these days, it will reverse 
course. But if the market 


drops and economic funda- 
mentals, as he sees them, re- 
main intact, he said he would 
buy the dip. 

"If it declines in response 
to a waning of cost-cutting 
discipline or if . economic 
growth suddenly outstripped 
productive capacity, we 
would hope to already be 
out,” he said. 

Mr. Tiscb acknowledged 
that speculators such as Mr. 
Druckenmiller may be able to 
get out of the way in time, but 
doubts the average investor 
can. “There is no way to pre- 
dict the timing of the end of a 
bull market,” Mr. Tisch said. 
“As long as no one can give 
people the answer for what 
will precipitate a decline, 
they keep buying. They think 
someone will tell them when 
to get out and that they will all 
be able to on tiie day before 
the big drop. It makes me 
laugh.” 

Mr. Tisch sees disturbing 
historical parallels for this 
stock market “If you look at 
charts of the last six months in 
the U.S. stock market it rises 
at an ever-increasing rate in a 
parabolic curve,” he said. 


"We have seen that 
curve twice before, in 
U.S. in 1929 and in Tokyo in 
1989.” 

Mr. Tisch said it took the 
Dow Jones industrial average 
25 years, until 1954, to match 
the 1929 peak. The Japanese 
market meanwhile, stands 
today at about half its 1989 
apex. "In my book, we are at 
the top," he said. “So adopt- 
ing a buy-and-hold strategy is 
just an excuse for greed or 
laziness.” 

Many financial experts ad- 
vise individuals Dot to try to 
thru* the market by jumping in 
and out however, but to in- 
vest for the long hau l . 

The New York hedge-fund 
Michael Harkins 
that this was no time 
for complacency, but said Mr. 
Tisch was being too gloomy. 

‘ ‘This is not 1929 orTokyo 
in 1989,” said Mr. Harkins, a 
self-described “reformed 
short seller. ” Short sellers bet 
that stocks will go down. 
“That the nation is in the 
grasp of a mania is obvious, 
but it should not obscure an 
even greater truth: Conditions 
have never been so b ullish. 


“Market historians point 
out that stocks have never 
sold at such scant value to 
dividends, book values, earn- 
ings and bond yields,” Mr. 
Harkins added “The un- 
stated assumption is that the 
last hundred years will re- 
semble the next 10." 

They will not, he said be- 
cause “we are living in the 
golden age of capitalism.” 

Mr. Harkins said he meant 
that the "death of commun- 
ism” had profoundly in- 
creased the value of capital, 
which is to say stocks. And 
America is "the citadel of 
capitalism,” he said 

“Capital is clearly worth 
more in a world where all 
people want to see is your 
money, not your social ped- 
igree or college diploma. You 
don’t make a lot or money by 
investing in bonds." 

Despite his bullish stance 
— Mr. Harkins said he was 
fully invested — he worries 
that the government and so- 
ciety may fell out of love with 
financial markets: "As one 
friend says, this is a delightful 
party, but it’s best to dance 
nearest to the door.’’ 


WTO: Economic Boom Seen in Accord to Tear Down Telecommunications Monopolies 


Continued from Page 1 

nited States, which essentially ve- 
a much tamer agreement last 

a great extent, tiie agreement ex- 
the regulatory principles mat ic- 
onized the American long-dis- 
maricet in the 1980s and are now 
extended to unlock local tele- 
! monopolies in the United States, 
isumers are likely to fed the 
st impact m Asia, Latin 
\frica. Most governments mere 
done little or nothing to reform 

j state-controlled monopolies, 
i provide shabby sendee "home 
barge wildly inflated prices fcr 
Btinl . international telephone 


nomics, a policy research organization 
in Washington, has estimated that die 
new competition could produce a stag- 
gering $1 trillion by.2010. 

But the deal will also force tiie United 
States and Europe to follow through on 
opening up every segment of their mar- 
kets to rivals: local and long-distance 
telephones, international service and 
wireless communications. 

Additionally, through the World 
Trade Organization, the agreement 
would create a binding legal weapon.for 
countries to enforce die principles of 
deregulation. 

The most fiercely contested part of the 
accord allows a company based in one 
country, to acquire a controlling .stake in 
fee telephone carrier of another coun- 
try. 


lata,. for International Eco- That ia ataostoettam to intensify die 


scramble among industry titans like 
AT&T, British Telecom and NTT of 
Japan to buy or build their way into 
world markets. 

The agreement is not expected to have 
much effect on the proposed merger of 
BT and MCI Communications, Amer- 
ica’s second-largest long-distance com- 
pany. because the United Stares and 
Britain were well on tire way to a private 
pact easing restrictions. 

But tire accord could accelerate tire 
competitive pressure to form “me too” 
alliances and mergers, perhaps linking, 
major Asian, North American and Euro- 
pean operators. 

“We see this as a really defining 
event,” said Gerald Taylor, chief ex- 
ecutive of MCL “It’s not something that 
is measurable tomorrow, like a gun go- 
ing off at a race. But what it is is a shift in 


attitude toward embracing deregulation, 
open markets and competition-” 

Jeffrey Lang, tire deputy U.S. trade 
representative who led the talks, said the 
pact marked a milestone in both in- 
ternational trade and the communica- 
tions industry. 

“The most remarkable aspect of it. 
which is truly an American idea,” be 
said, “are tire procompetrave regulatoiy 
principles. We knew from tiie very start 
that unless you could challenge the fran- 
chises of monopolies, you could never 
get real access.” 

The agreement installs a powerful 
new weapon to challenge countries that 
continue to shield their telephone 
companies, Mr. Lang said. 

"The regulatory principles are en- 
forceable just tike a tariff agreement,” 
he explained 


Police in Morocco 
Clash With Students 

RABAT. Morocco — Police 
clashed with students trying to cel- 
ebrate weekly prayers at a university 
in Casablanca, a newspaper repented 
Sunday, as the government sought to 
quell Muslim fundamentalist 
protests. 

Several students were injured or 
arrested in the clash Friday, the op- 
position newspaper l'Opmion report- 
ed. without giving the numbers in- 
volved. 

The police moved in to break up the 
group when it tried to conduct prayers 
at the School of Juridical and Eco- 
nomic Sciences at the University of 
Casablanca, the paper said. 

There was no immediate comment 
from the government of King Hassan 
II, which has taken measures in recent 
weeks to crack down on growing 
protests and violence by Muslim fun- 
damentalist students. 

In trials in January. 32 students 
were convicted and sentenced to be- 
tween three months and two years in 
prison, sparking new protests. 

While the protesters have demanded 
better housing and transportation, the 
movement is seen as having a wider 
agenda. The students are seen as sup- 
porters of a banned Islamic group, Al 
Adi Wal Ihssane, or Justice and Good- 
will. Abdeslam Yassine, the group's 
leader and a former education official, 
has been under house arrest near Rabat 
since 1989 and the students are press- 
ing for his release. (AP) 

Army Puts Down 
Mutiny in Lesotho 

MASERU. Lesotho — Army 
troops ended an 1 1 -day police mutiny 
on Sunday, overwhelming the rebels 
with a dawn onslaught of heavy gun- 
fire after which at least 30 officers 
surrendered to troops. 

“Now everything is okay,” an 
army major on the scene said. "It is 
over. They have all been taken.” The 
major said there had been no cas- 
ualties. 

Two armored cars drove around the 
police headquarters, firing at the 
building with mounted machin e guns 
amid calls over a loudspeaker to die 
rebels to come out. 

A Western diplomat said that 33 
police officers had surrendered, in- 
cluding a lieutenant who led the re- 
bellion. The army major, who refused 
to give his name, said die mutineers 
were being held at an army base near 
Maseru. 

Hie troops used heavy machine 
guns, automatic rifles and hand gren- 
ades in the attack. The rebels returned 
fire with semiautomatic rifles. Inter- 


mittent gunfire was heard for three 
hours after an initial, heavy barrage 
that started at 6.30 A.M. and went on 
for 15 minutes. { Reuters ) 

Dolphin Deaths Laid 
To Drug Smugglers 

MEXICO CITY — A chemical that 
drug traffickers use to mark ocean 
drop sites may to be blame for the 
mysterious deaths of dozens of dol- 
phins and whales off Mexico's west 
coast scientists said Friday. 

Forty-two dolphins were found 
dead Friday on beaches near Culiacan 
on Mexico's northern Pacific coast. 
At least three dead whales were dis- 
covered in the same area in the last 
week. 

Fishermen also are reporting sight- 
ings of schools of dead sardines float- 
ing in the Gulf of California. 

Scientists say they ore looking into 
a cyanide-based chemical used by 
drug traffickers as a possible explan- 
ation for the die-off. the largest re- 
ported in at least a year. 

The phosphorescent chemical, 
known as NK-19, is used to guide 
low-flying aircraft to areas in the 
ocean where bales of drugs have been 
dumped from passing ships. (AP) 

Find Sheds Light 
On Dinosaurs 5 Fate 

WASHINGTON — The National 
Science Foundation on Sunday hailed 
new evidence of a large meteorite 
impact about 65 million years ago that 
may help shed light on what caused 
the extinction of the dinosaurs. 

“This is the most significant dis- 
covery in geosciences in 20 years.” 
said tiie foundation's assistant direc- 
tor for Geosciences, Robert Corel!. 

The evidence was found by an in- 
ternational team of scientists during a 
one-month research expedition in tiie 
Caribbean. The team returned Friday 
from the expedition. Sediment col- 
lected by the expedition provided a 
record of the meteorite's impact and 
the debris caused by it, Mr. Corel 1 
said. 

He added that the meteoric event 
‘ ‘ may have triggered a serious decline 
in the globe's temperature and created 
a kind of 'nuclear winter' that drove 
dinosaurs and other species to ex- 
tinction.” 

“Even more significant,” Mr. Co- 
re 11 said, “is that the team’s deep-sea 
sediment core shows tiie slow process 
of the Earth's long rejuvenation and 
recovery from this catastrophe.” 

The evidence was recovered by sci- 
entists on the Joides Resolution, the 
world’s largest scientific research 
vessel, which is financed by 20 na- 
tions. (AFP) 


PERU: Fears Grow for Health of Hostages 


Continued from Page 1 

depression; say doctors familiar with the 
hostages' medical conditions. 

The Red Cross has stepped up its 
medical activities inside the compound 
in recent days. A team of medical spe- 
cialists brought heart-monitoring equip- 
ment into the residence last week, and 
aid workers laid cables to restore elec- 
tricity to tiie compound. The house had 
been without power since the govern- 
ment cut off basic services in the early 
days of the siege, which began Dec. 17. 

Steve Anderson, a spokesman for the 
Red Cross, said the organization’s policy 
was not to comment on the health of the 
hostages so as not to alarm relatives. 

“What we can say is that there are no 
immediate emergency medical situ- 
ations at this time," Mr. Anderson said. 
“But the longer the crisis continues, the 
worse off the hostages will become 
physically and mentally.” 

The last two hostages who were freed 
were let go for medical reasons. One of 
them. General Jose Rivas Rodriguez, a 
national police official, had to be earned 
out on a stretcher last month. The gen- 
eral’s sou, Javier, told local reporters 
here that while his father's health was 
improving, be still suffers from gastritis 
caused by the tension of captivity, and 
that he was depressed. 

In a meeting with reporters, the Per- 
uvian health minister. Marino Costa 
Bauer, said Friday that the overall health 
of the hostages was "good under the 
circumstances and that dangerous cases 
are controlled.” 

But he described the condition of a 


framer Supreme Court judge, Moises 
Pantoja, who suffers from severe arth- 
ritis, and Congressman Gilberto Siura, 
who has cancer, as "delicate." 

While there have been no reports of 
torture, tiie psychological effect of being 
held for so long is starting to take its toll 
on tiie hostages, many of whom are said 
to be depressed and terrified at not 
knowing what will become of diem. 

"The fear and stress of the unknown 
is obviously exacerbating their medical 
conditions," said a doctor who is ad- 
vising the hostage medical team and 
who spoke on condition of anonymity. 

A hostage death from medical prob- 
lems would cause serious problems for 
both the government, which would 
come under pressure to use military 
force to resolve the crisis, and the Tupac 
Amaru Revolutionary Movement 
rebels, who would be viewed as drawing 
the first blood in the conflict. 

Conditions inside the residence have 
improved considerably since the begin- 
ning of the crisis, when more titan 600 
people were crowded into a house in- 
tended for a single diplomatic family. 

Now the hostages receive three meals 
a day, mail, showers, counseling and 
clean laundry. Aid workers said that 
most hostages pass their days reading, 
playing games and sleeping. 

"We have advised all the hostages 
that they should not wake up every day 
thinking that today 's the day they will go 
free, because that will only contribute to 
their depression when it doesn't come 
true.” said Mr. Anderson of the Red 
Cross. "We want them to be optimistic, 
but they have to face reality.” 


WAR: Conflict’s Issues Have Long Fuses 


Continued from Page 1 

bassador to Washington, said the re- 
surgence of war issues struck him too: 
* ‘After the end of the Cold War. we find 
that Europe is still Europe. Europe got 
back to its historical roots — look at the 
ethnic problems in former Yugoslavia 
and elsewhere. In the old East, because of 
the dictatorships, there was no chance to 
leam to live together, so all these ethnic 
conflicts are breaking out again." 

World War H, with all its honor and 
fascination, lit very long fuses of guilt and 
shame, said Mr. Haass, ‘ 'and people and 
countries have rally dealt with it slowly, 

the truth comes out in dnbs and drabs, be 
added. The same is true in Asia; Japan's 
own myths about its brutalities in World 
War H are only slowly unraveling. 

There is also a generational factor, 
Mr. Perlmurter pointed out The wartime 
generation was grateful to survive and 
true heroes were scarce, he said, so there 
was a lot to hide. Their children have 
been preoccupied with rebuilding and 
stability, and with achieving financial 
security.lt is only the grandchildren who 
now have the time, the self-assurance 


and the distance required to ask hard 
questions and resurrect buried shame. 

"Government and private archives 
are opening,” said Sweden's ambas- 
sador to Washington, Henrik Liljegren. 
“Psychologically, every nation has a 
need to go through its own actions and 
find its soul. But it takes some time 
before it is ready to do that.” 

The new self-searching will continue 
to bring forth difficult issues, even as the 
wartime generation dies off, said David 
Harris, executive director of the Amer- 
ican Jewish Committee. 

The newly opened East, for example, 
has produced troubling new paradoxes, 
republics. 


In former Soviet republics, sane 
who worked with the Waffen SS are 
getting German pensions while their 
neighbors — Jews who survived ghettoes 
and concentration camps — are not yet 
able to receive compensation from Ger- 
many. Mr. Harris said. The issue is 
already attracting congressional interest 
“We feel we’re so modem with all 
our insistent talk of tiie millennium and 
the 21st century and the bridges to this 
and that,” said Mr. Bums. “But it's 
fascinating bow World War II has come 
back to remind us of its power.” 



w.:; tv* n ; ,- : -.time 


PAGE 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, S ATURPAy-SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1-3, W 7_ 







PAGE 8 


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


EDITORIALS/OPINION 


ifa i 


i Mi 


Hcralb 


INTERNATIONAL 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW TORX TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


tribune Keep Speaking Up for Persecuted Christians 

THE WASHINGTON POST J 


>r i 


Korean Opportunity? 


To the volatile Korean mix has been 
added the stunning defection of a se- 
nior North Korean official to the South 
Korean Embassy in Beijing. The im- 
mediate drama arises from China's be- 
ing squeezed between its longtime 
ideological partner of North Korea, 
which demands the return of Hwang 
Jong Yop, and its new commercial 
partner of South Korea, which wants to 
remove him to Seoul. The deeper ques- 
tion is whether this incident may pre- 


cipitate some sort of major political 
break in the famine-ridden Stalinist 


break in the famine-ridden Stalinist 
pariah state in the North. 

It takes a considerable mental leap 
to imagine that Hwang Jang Yop has 
undergone a late-blooming crisis of 
faith in his country's socialist system. 
He is a veteran Communist Party in- 
tellectual and ideologist who could not 
have risen to a position of trust at the 
late Kim II Sung's side without pleas- 
ing that vicious tyrant at every turn. 
But he has a certain ill-defined con- 
stituency including students, techno- 
logists and intellectuals, and he is the 
rare North Korean not only known but, 
within limits, passably well regarded 
outside his country. 

He walked into South Korea's em- 
bassy seeking asylum, he said, to pro- 
mote “reconciliation and unification.’' 


Yes to Microcredit 


Anyone who scoffs at the value of 
62 cents should talk to Muhammad 
Yunus. In 1976, the Bangladeshi eco- 
nomics professor tried an experiment. 
From his pocket, he lent the equivalent 
of $26 to a group of 42 workers. With 
that 62 cents per person, they bought 
the materials for a day’s work weaving 
chairs or making pots. At the end of 
their first day as independent business 
owners, they sold their work and soon 
paid back the loan. 

Thus began the microcredit move- 
ment. which has become the world's 
hot idea for reducing poverty. This 
month, microcredit's backers met in 
Washington to begin to broaden the 
program's reach and raise money from 
developed nations and institutions 
such as the World Bank. 

fight million people are now getting 
microcredit, half of them in Bangla- 
desh. Microcredit proponents want to 
expand that to 100 million people by 
2005. It is a worthy goal that the United 
States should support. 

The first microcredit program was 
the Grameen Bank, founded by Mr. 
Yunus. Now almost all its borrowers 
are women, who tend to be poorer than 
men, have fewer opportunities and are 
much more likely to spend new earn- 
ings on their children. Grameen re- 
quires its borrowers to organize them- 
selves into groups of five. All are cut 
off if one borrower defaults. 

They meet every week to make loan 
payments at commercial interest rates 
and critique one another's business 
plans. They also pledge to boil their 
water, keep their families small and 
cany out other good health practices. 
People who repay small loans on time 
can take bigger ones. Grameen, which 
now makes a profit, claims a higher 


repayment rate than traditional banks. 
One-third of its 2 million borrowers 
have crossed the poverty line, and an- 
other third are close. 

Microcredit is at work in 43 coun- 
tries. A version has reached 150,000 
Americans in inner cities like those of 
Chicago and Washington. Borrowers 
can begin with a $500 or $1,000 loan, 
enough for gardening or hair-styling 
tools. President Bill Clinton said he 
will ask Congress for $1 billion more 
over the next five years to develop 
micro-enterprise in the United States. 

A no-handout, inexpensive program 
that builds business sounds so polit- 
ically appealing in today's climate that 
it is worth recalling microcredit's lim- 
its. It cannot take the place of clean 
water, family planning efforts and 
child immunization programs. It can 
do little for the most desperate, those 
too sick or unskilled to work. It is also 
not free, as some of its political backers 
suggest. The most successful micro- 
credit programs can fund their loans 
through interest and the savings they 
encourage borrowers to build. But 
most projects still rely on donations, 
and all are most helpful when they are 
backed by technical and marketing as- 
sistance programs, which cost money. 

Still, microcredit has brought a 
much needed revolution in anti- 
poverty programs. It deserves more 
than its current 2 percent share of the 
world's $60 billion development 
budget Microcredit goes directly to 
poor people. It creates jobs in villages. 
It helps women develop confidence 
and independence. Microcredit can 
win new political backing for anti- 
poverty programs abroad that the poor 
still desperately need. 


—THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


The Story in Cuba 


The talk about reopening American 
news bureaus in Communist Cuba has 
got out of hand. The White House and 
Congress are justifying a Clinton de- 
cision to let approved news organiza- 
tions cover the news in Havana full-time 
— now that Havana has said "yes" to 
bureau coverage — as a way to blow the 
regime out of power. But this is not what 
a free press is supposed to do. It is 
supposed to be covering the news. It 
happens that "the story," as journalists 
put it. is an aging dictator's endgame, 
but that is different from enlisting the 
media in an operation against him. “The 
story' ' remains the struggle between the 
forces of the apparatus and the forces of 
society over the future of Cuba. It is a 
Cuban stoiy. not an American one. 

It is by a regrettable accident of 
history that the restoration of a full- 
time U.S. media presence in Cuba 
comes to take on a political cast — a 
double cast, since there are controls at 
both ends. At the Cuban end. the con- 
trols are normal to the operation of a 
totalitarian state, which treats die for- 
eign press much the way it treats its 
own: as an aspect of slate power. At the 
U.S. end. the controls arise from the 
economic embargo by which success- 
ive administrations have sought to 
punish and isolate the Havana regime. 


This is how the American press, 
which prides itself on operating be- 
yond the reach of political authorities, 
comes now to submit to a Cold War 
procedure requiring an official U.S. 
license. It is a distasteful requirement 
that implicitly tramples on the First 
Amendment It is bad enough that the 
American media must pass a Cuban 
political checkpoint. They should not 
also have to 30 through the formalities 
of an American checkpoint — the 
Treasury Department is to determine, 
as a condition of granting a license, 
whether news gathering in Cuba is 
"unconditioned and unrestricted.” 

Fidel Castro has a reputation as a 
master media manipulator. His stroking 
of the Latin and American left is a 
classic tale. The American press, 
however, has its own experience in 
working in dictatorial circumstances, 
and the single news organization that 
Havana has so far authorized to set up a 
bureau, CNN. will be operating in rail 
public view. It is interesting to speculate 
on whether Mr. Castro wall reap one- 
sided advantage from full-time Amer- 
ican media coverage. It wall be more 
interesting to see on a regular basis how 
things are playing out in the Western 
Hemisphere's last police stale. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


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N EW YORK — Why are Commu- 
nist and militant Islamic dictat- 


By A.M. Rosenthal Beijing has cowed Amerirans into 

* fleeing from Christians and others it 


orships persecuting Christians? Why 
are western democracies reactine so 


In a statement he decried North Korea’s 
threats of a “sea of fire” and its “in- 
sane" boasts of socialist achievement 
while the country is starving. With 
evident irony he said that his former 
student in Marxism-Leninism, current 
North Korean leader Kim Jong D, re- 
garded himself as a * ‘genius. " 

South Korea suggests that his de- 
fection hints at the possible disinteg- 
ration of a regime unsure whether its 
hesitant approaches to the United 
States and South Korea should go for- 
ward or back. North Korea's record of 
violence and treachery makes it only 
prudent for the United States to take 
an attitude of vigilance and see what 
develops behind the iron curtain 
around Pyongyang. 

At the same time, this high-level 
defection may open up to South Korea 
and the United States a novel oppor- 
tunity to sharpen their reading of North 
Korea and its leadership. Mr. Hwang 
could become, as some of his Western 
acquaintances suggest, not just a 
source but also a possible interlocutor 
at a moment when the American- 
sponsored effort to buy North Korea 
out of the nuclear bomb business and 
draw it into a community with its 
neighbors is in another crucial phase. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


are Western democracies reacting so 
passively, or not at all? What can be 
done to ease the repression? 

Every government knows that Prot- 
estants and Catholics are persecuted in a 
score of countries. For trying to worship 


openly and as their religion teaches, 
Christians are arrested and tortured bv 


Christians are arrested and tortured by 
the thousands — and many are killed. 

Among countries with the most vi- 
cious records is the one that the West 
courts most lustfully. China. Also on 
the List are American “allies" — like 
Saudi Arabia, where U.S. troops help- 
ing the monarchy to survive, or Amer- 
ican workers making it richer, cannot 
worship openly or display symbols of 
their religion. 

Just this past week, Reuters reported 
that 1,000 Pakistani Christian families 
were driven from their homes by 
Muslim rioters — village looted and 
churches set afire. 

But the obvious questions above are 
never answered by Western govern- 
ments and persons of power — nor 
asked. The bounds of Heaven pursue 
with the answers. 


Dictatorships, for all their brutish 
swagger, are terrified by free thoughts 
and minds. These threaten the control 
without which dictators fear to govern. 
Free worship is an enemy. 

Freedom of worship is proclaimed in 
international agreements on human 
rights. The West has eliminated the 


LAtA.Ulg uuui — ; . 

imprisoned for crimes of the mind. The 
United States, which denounced the 


support of those rights as a foreign 
policy. The overriding policy, suffo- 
cating all others, now 15 trade. 

Freedom is not a menu. Democracies 
cannot convince, dictators that political 
persecution is permissible bur that it 
will struggle against religious perse- 
cution — or the reverse. 

Dictatorships do have a human rights 
policy. Act against any variety of our 
oppressions and we will punish you 
with loss of trade. The West answers 
forthrightly: Yes, master. 

Much can be done to ease oppres- 
sion, and not long ago was. During the 
Soviet empire, U.S. ambassadors and 
visiting officials regularly met in Mos- 
cow with dissidents. The oppressed 
knew, and so did the Kremlin, that they 
had a powerful ally. 


Soviet gulag, now gives military hon- 
ors to thekdlers of the Chinese gulag. 

The new U.S. policy of betrayal of 
religious and political rights was 
shaped by companies doing business 
with the dictatorships. They turned 
President Bill Clinton right around — 
his back now to bis own promises. 

An American movement for perse- 
cuted Christians is just developing. An 
administration advisory committee on. 
religion met for the first time on 
Thursday. Tremble, Beijing. 

Why has there been no powerful U.S. 
constituency for persecuted Christians 
as there was for Soviet dissidents and 
South African blacks? The answer is in 
our stars - — our business, political and 
intellectual leaders — and in ourselves. 

American businessmen supported 
Soviet Jews and evangelicals when do 
big trade deals were at risk. Liberal 
American intellectuals and politicians 
also supported them — and the boycott 
against apartheid. 

Now intellectuals and some religious 
organizations find the movement for 


Christian religious freedom too .con- 
servative on other matters; ail together 
now, wrinkle noses. Do we really need 
a political litmus test for supporting 
religious freedom? 

Members of the movement for 
Christian oppressed tell of other prob- . 
leans. They say that Christians do not 
often enough see themselves in op- 
pressed Christians far away, as a Jewish 
industrialist remembering the Holo- 
caust might see something of himself in 
a persecuted Jewish sweeper in Yemen. 
And ministers in the movement are 
sometimes lectured that the blood of 
the martyrs is the seed of the church. 

Christian theology is not my spe- 
cialization. I only know that all pris- 
oners for freedom are intertwined in 
their chains. Who can believe that their 
sufferings will not ease if the chairmen 
of Boeing. General Motors, Morgan 
Guaranty and Microsoft, and U.S. pres- 
idents and secretaries of state past and 


present, rise to say that the altar must 
stand higher than the cash register, and 
pledge to make it so? 

And if they fail in their duty to do 
this, where is it written that the rest of us 
axe absolved from doing ours? 

The New York Times. 


Europe’s Real Needs Aren’t the Euro and NATO Expansion 


R OME — If you thought 
1989 was an exciting year 


Jx. 1989 was an exciting year 
in Europe, with the Berlin Wall 
crashing down and communism 
being swept aside, then you 
won't want to miss 1997. Be- 
cause the two major balancing 
institutions in Europe, NATO 
and the European Union, are 
both going to be “adjusted" in 
1 997, and it is going to make for 
a wild and crazy Eurocoaster. 

The Clinton administration is 
not worried. It is assuming that 
these two major balances in 
Europe can be simultaneously 
“adjusted" and create a new, 
even more stable equilibrium. 
Don't bet on h. 

By die end of this year, EU 
members are supposed to com- 
mit to a common currency, the 
euro, that will make their in- 
tegration much deeper. But this 
deal isn't cooked. The problem is 
that the Germans are not keen 
about letting southern Europe — 
Italy, Spain, Portugal — into the 
euro nght away because, ob- 
sessed with a hard, stable cur- 
rency, they don’t trust southern 


By Thomas L- Friedman 


Europeans to hold the fiscal and 
monetary controls needed to 
maintain a strong euro. 

For Germany, southern Eu- 
rope is still a region inhabited by 
Bedouins. You trade with 
Bedouins, but you don’t share a 
currency with them. Italians 
were stunned when Germany's 
Frankfurter AUgemeine Zeitung 
wrote last month that Italians 
don't understand die importance 
that financial markets attach to 
rules: “Those who respect rules 
are often considered stupid in 
Italy. Why should they go by the 
rules when die sly push ahead in 
litre, throw rubbish on the street 
and pass cars on tire highway on 
the right?" Sounds like a great 
partnership! 

This struggle over a common 
Euro-currency coincides with 
tire effort to expand NATO to 
Hungary, Poland and the Czech 
Republic. U.S. diplomats are 
confident that they can move 
NATO's frontier closer to Rus- 
sia, while assuring Russia that it 


is not being threatened or frozen 
out -of the new Europe. The 
United States will do this by 
forging a NATO-Russia charter 
that perfectly balances every- 
one's interests. 

Unfortunately, this delicate 
new balance is going to have to 
be negotiated while, there Is a 
near total power vacuum at the 
top in Russia. Good luck. 

This project also assumes 
that the countries left out of the 
new NATO — Bulgaria, Ro- 
mania, Slovakia, Slovenia. 
Ukraine and tire Baltic states — 
will sit quietly, and not become 
a gray area of intense compe- 
tition between Russia and 
NATO. Sure. 

Here is the truth: Yugoslavia 
aside. Europe has been quite 
stable since 1989. We don’t 
need all this heroic geo-engi- 
neering of organizations now. 

The only way there will be an 
even more stable, long-term se- 
curity structure in Europe is if 
democratic reform in Russia 


moves forward, not if NATO’s 
front line moves forward. And 
the only way tire European Uni- 
on will thrive in the global econ- 
omy is not if its members have a 
common currency but if they 
deregulate their economies and 
become more competitive and 
entrepreneurial. 

ft is much more important 
that French storekeepers open 
on Sunday than that they have a 
common Euro-currency. It is 
much more important that a 
young Helmut Gates in a garage 
somewhere in Germany can 
raise $50 mill ion overnight for 
his invention than that the pit- 
tance he can now raise is de- 
nominated in a common Euro- 
currency. Europe's priority 
now should be internal reform, 
not organizational reform. 

If tire leaders don’t know this, 
tire people do. Luigi Vittorio Fer- 
raris, a professor at the Free Uni- 
versity in Rome and a former 
ambassador to Germany, re- 
marked to me: “You can’t build 
a new Europe without Euro- 
peans. and my students are very 


much less European than they 
were 10 years ago. The enthu- 
siasm for Europe is not there. 

“Before 1989. EU and 
NATO meant security. They 
meant modernization. They 
meant welfare. Now the fear is 
gone; the threats are all internal. 
But we are being asked to put on 
a new European s traitjacket, just 
when we reel less European." 

I hope it all works ouc a new 
NATO, a new European Union, 
anewcunency.allin 1997. But 
I fear that this will involve too 
many moving parts. I suspect 
that we will wish we had let well 
enough alone. 

There is a real danger that we 
could not only lose the balance 
that came together in Europe in 
1989-1991 — a balance that has 
been relatively easy to maintain 
and has provided a stable en- 
vironment for internal reform 
— but that we could also lose 
the energy and focus to deal 
with the real problems, which 
are mostly inside these states, 
not between them. 

The New York Times. 


Suggestion: Unilateral Israeli Withdrawal From Lebanon 


W ASHINGTON — More 
free advice for Israel’s 


By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 


prime minister, Benjamin Net- 
anyahu. A bad break — the 
death of 73 Israeli soldiers in a 
collision of two helicopters car- 
rying troops and ammunition to 
Lebanon — could be turned in- 
to a good break: a thaw in the 
yearlong freeze in negotiations 
between Israel and Syria. 

The collision focused not 
only Israeli public opinion but 
strategic opinion on the heavy 
costs to Israel — not to speak 
of hapless Lebanon — of its 
Lebanon policy. 

The Israelis retain a mercen- 
ary Lebanese militia to police a 
narrow “security zone” in 


southern Lebanon. But not only 
does this operation cost casualty- 
conscious Israel continuing am- 
bushes and deaths in the zone. It 


has failed to stop Syrian- and 
Iranian-backed Hezbollah euer- 


Iranian-backed Hezbollah guer- 
rillas from attacking villages 
over the line in northern Israel 
Mr. Netanyahu complains 
that Syria is conducting a 
“proxy war” through Hezbol- 
lah on Israel. He is right But for 
the 12 years it has been going 
on, Israel has always had it with- 
in its power to put an end to this 
miserable running sore. It could 
merely bait its own military op- 
erations in southern Lebanon, 


withdraw and thereby remove 
the excuse — to liberate Israeli- 
occupied Arab soil — that Syria 
flourishes in order to stay in the 
southern Lebanon game. 

The idea is so simple that one 
wonders why it was not tested 
years ago. Both Israel and Syria 
have let their strategic anxieties 
get the better of their tactical 
common sense. Israel fears be- 
ing cheated by Hezbollah and 
Syria. Syria fears that it will lose 
leverage on Israel to quit the 
Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. 
The two, weighed down by dis- 
trust, have so far been unable to 
get off the dime. 


Great Women of Georgetown 


W ASHINGTON — The 
two great women of 


VV two great women of 
Georgetown lived through his- 
tory that others only read about. 
They were raised to be the op- 
posite of what they became. 
For years they were happily in 
the shadow of famous men. 
Then, widowed, they struggled 
to remake themselves as se- 
rious players in arenas where 
women were rare. 

Pamela Digby Churchill 
Hayward Harriman and Kath- 
arine Graham have been dom- 
inating attention in the capital. 

Mourners called Mrs. Har- 
riman 's elaborate funeral at 
the National Cathedral on 
Thursday “her last cocktail 
party," perfectly calculated 
and coolly orchestrated for the 
cameras, a three-layer cake, 
where the elite of the elite 
jockeyed for good seats. 

Mrs. Graham has been cel- 
ebrated in a happier way, with 
raves and fetes for her mem- 
oir, in which she describes the 
awful story of losing her hus- 
band twice, first, to a mistress 
and then to suicide, and the 
bracing story of how she 
transformed herself from a 
doormat into a publisher 
whose brave decisions on the 
Pentagon Papers and Water- 
gate changed the character of 
American journalism. 

Superficially, the lives of 
these women, who were 
friendly but not intimate, fol- 
lowed similar arcs. But 
Pamela and Kay were as dif- 
ferent as Scarlett and Melanie, 
one full of guile, the other 
guileless, one self -centered 
and showy, the other shy and 
modest, one promoting her- 
self as a great sex symbol, the 
other painfully insecure. 


By Maureen Dowd 


Mrs. Graham was bom to 
the arena, while Mrs. Harri- 
man was always struggling to 
get into it. While Kay was still 
an ungainly, unsophisticated 
housewife, Pamela was 
already the original Cosmo 
Girl, tailoring herself to trap 
dukes, princes and million- 
aires, changing religions like 
clothes to suit the hunt, treat- 
ing wives as minor obstacles. 
She was praised by one lover. 
Elie de Rothschild, as his 
“European geisha,” and by 
one husband, Leland Hay- 
ward, as “the greatest cour- 
tesan of the century. 

Mrs. Haniman’s Kfe was 
like a series of glamorous stage 
sets. She would build each one 
meticulously, then strike it 
after it had had its use. In her 
final role she did gain some 
respect as ambassador to 
France. Mrs. Graham spent 30 
years building one great insti- 
tution, The Washington Post 

Mrs. Harriman made it the 
way women used to make it — 
by illusion, romance and link- 
ing herself to powerful men. 
Mrs. Graham inherited a news- 
paper but then remade it and 
herself the way women in the 
modem age do, by grit, intel- 
ligence aria hard work. 

Mrs. Harriman was angry 
about biographies by Chris- 
topher Ogden and Sally Bed- 
ell Smith that dwelled on the 
playgirl years. Unlike Mrs. 
Graham, who was startlingly 
honest in her book, she wanted 
her biographers to explain 
how she and her father-in-law 
Winston Churchill won the 
war, and how she revived the 


Democratic Party in the ’80s. 
“Pamela wanted to be adored, 
and Later respected," said Mr. 
Ogden. “Kay Graham wanted 
to be understood.” 

Mis. Harriman will never be 
seen as a great figure in the 
world of diplomacy. But she 
will be seen as a great figure in 
the world of salons, present at 
virtually every important junc- 
ture in the history of her tune. 

If you read about Mrs. Har- 
riman to learn the secret of her 
allure, you will be disappoint- 
ed. The vixen was a nanny. It 
must have been hard to fetch 
so many slippers, mix so many 
martinis , pirff so many pQ- 


For the necessary breakout, 
one side must go fust Syria? A 
regime of small ambition other 
than holding power, it can live 
with the status quo. Israel? A 
society of laige ambition, it can- 
not live comfortably under 
southern Lebanon's cloud of 
* casualties. This is what has pro- 
pelled Israel's growing debate, 
in both major parties, and es- 
pecially since the loss of those 
two Lebanon-bound helicopters, 
over whether the country should 
withdraw unilaterally. It is no 
longer an off-the-wall idea. 

The hurdle that has to be 
leaped, of course, is the pos- 
sibility that Syria would pocket 
Israel’s withdrawal without re- 
compensing it with a withdraw- 
al by Hezbollah. But a Syrian 
leadership that cheated would 
stand discredited in the one coin 
— fidelity to its word — that 
means something to it. 

It would be irresponsible and 
costly for Hafez Assad to ad- 
vertise himself as frivolous and 
unreliable precisely at the mo- 
ment when new negotiations 
with the Israelis loom. This has 
nothing to do with "trusting" 
him, and everything to do with 
trying to get a grip on the man. 

Against the chance that 
Hezbollah somehow might still 
be able to prolong terrorism in 
and from southern Lebanon, Is- 
rael presumably would want to 
maintain an Option for tmilar - 


back on their own. There the 
familiar difficulty is the lack 
of a Lebanese political author- 
ity strong enough to withstand 
the power and willfulness of j 
Israel and Syria. They are twin ■ 
manipulators of Lebanese in- 
terna] affairs. 

The familiar remedy, never 
sufficiently tried, is for the two 
regional superpowers to extin- 
guish their respective militias 
and allow a Lebanese writ to run 
in the whole country. This is 
what a process that began with a 
unilateral Israeli withdrawal 
would be intended to do. 

Unilateral — there are de- 
grees. The point would be to 
prevent (he inevitably clogged 
process of negotiation from 
blocking what is not so much an 
imposed one-sided solution but a 
remit to the mutual advantage of 
Israel, of Syria and of Lebanon, ^ 
whose country, mind, it is. 

The Israelis would pull the 
plug ou their militia and the Syr- 
ians on theirs — that's the deal. 

The political considerations feat 
inhibit Israeli withdrawal of any 
sort in the West Bank — the 
presence of Jewish settlers, die 
biblical claim to the land — do 
not apply in southern Lebanon. 

It has been a goal of both 
Syria and Israel to embed se- 


curity arrangements in a peace 
agreement. The southern Leb- 


eral military response. 

This is a political necessity 
for the Israelis, notwithstanding 
their decades of experience 
with the frustrations of striking 


agreement The southern Leb- 
anon gambit discussed here is a 
detour. But slight and unheroic 
as it is, it could provide the 
boost that the parties obviously 
need to get bade, after a year’s 
lapse, on the negotiating track. 

The Washington Post. 


lows, tilt so many umbrellas to 
guard her men from the sun. 


guard her men from the sun, 
and look so adoring, no matter 
how tedious the man. 

Mrs, Harriman 's work was 
never done. Lovers disap- 
pointed her. Stepchildren 
loathed her. Relatives sued 
her. There lurked always, for 
her, the fear that she was an 
object of fascination but also 
of ridicule. 

At her funeral, there was 
more rolling of eyes than dry- 
ing of eyes, when the president 
caLted her legacy “tire growing 
promise of a Europe undi- 
vided,” and repeated Jacques 
Chirac’s description of her as 
the best ambassador to France 
since Benjamin Franklin and 
Thomas Jefferson. 

But those who are reading 
Mrs. Graham’s book and 
thinking about her life are not 
rolling their eyes. They axe 
admiring a woman who did 
not owe her importance to se- 
duction. There is more than 
one way for a woman to rule in 
Georgetown. 

The New York Times. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Atlantic Cable 


PARIS — The construction of 
die transatlantic cable, which 
the French company of tele- 
graphic cables will lay between 
Brest and New York this sum- 
mer, is being actively pushed 
forward at the Bezons and Cal- 
ais workshops. The new cable 
will be more titan 6,000 kilo- 
metres in length, the longest 
which will have been laid. Cop- 
per will be used to manufacture 
the conductor, which will then 
be covered by gutta-percha. 
Over die gutta-percha there will 
be a protecting sheath of gal- 
vanized steel wire. 


which were drafted by Zionists 
and approved in New York be- 
fore they were given out to the 
world and both of which must be' 
revised. " He predicts that “there 
is oertain to be a great disturb-, 
ance, which British troops will 

be called upon to quell." 


1947; Hanoi Bombed 


1922: Palestine’s Future 


LONDON — Palestine is, ac- 
cording to Lord Sydenham, on 
the bnok of far more serious 


PARIS — French troops fight- 
ing in In do China reported slow 
progress against stiff resistance 
by Viet Namese Nationalists 
around Hanoi yesterday [Feb. 
15]. Low-flying French Spit- 
fires strafed areas north of the 
Viet Namese-held quarter of 
Hanoi. French Dakotas dropped 
200 -pound bombs around die 
Nationalists' strong' points. 
French tanks and paratroopers 


V\>nT"*r 

ru VW:I ! 

t-a*- , ' 


Bfc J - 


in 


events than any yet 
According to him, “ibe trouble 
has its toots in tihe Balfour dec- 
laration and mandate, both of 




communiques from Hanoi said 
tire native quarter of Hanoi was 
still in Viet Namese hands. 





CNll^KlVAnONAL HKB AT ,D TRIBUNE, MONDAY FEBRUARY 17, 1997 



RAGE 9 


LANGUAGE 


Aha! A Multitude of Great Insights 


By William Saftre 


V. 


■ x \VAl\s\on 


} 


W ASHINGTON — The problem 
facing the assembled editors of 
The New York Times in early 1979 
was brow-furrowing: what kind of 
column could be created for the front of 
fee magazine that would seem to be 
right on top of tbe news, as if written 

for the daily paper, but coidd he written 
a couple of weeks ahead to conform to 
the longer lead rime of the color-paged 
magazine? 

A-M. Rosenthal, then merely ex- 
ecutive editor (before his elevation to 
columnist), suddenly remembered that 
the world’s only political lexicograph- 
er was on the payroll and stumped his 
fingers: 

Eureka!" he cried, expl ainin g to 
tire others, “That's Greek for ‘I’ve 
found it. Safire will do a column about 
words. Could be sustained for a year 
maybe." 

That was 18 years ago. My intro- 
ductory column was about the punc- 
tuation of ‘ ' How do you do’ ’ (no ques- 
tion mark required when construed as a 
statement rather than a question), 
rather than the etymology of Eureka! 
the exclamation attributed to the Greek 
scientist Archimedes when he dis- 
covered the way to determine the pur- 
ity of gold. 

□ 

Forget about eureka!; only classicist 
editors use it in everyday speech. 
Today, the word breathed when a light 
bulb goes off in an inventor's head, or 
when some great insight flashes 
through a discoverer's min d, is Aha! 

Aha! — an exclamation properly 
followed by an exclamation mark, thar 
spelling now preferable to A-hah ! — is 
one of the great, unappreciated and 
deliciously nuanced words in tbe Eng- 
lish language. 

Chaucer was the first to write it 
down. In "The Canterbury Tales” 
(1380s). he wrote: "They crieden, out! 

. . . A ha die fox! and after him they 


ran.” Shakespeare in 1600 had Hamlet 
say to Horatio: '‘Ah, ha! Gome, seme 
music.” By 1611. tbe translators of the 
King James Bible made one word of it 
-in rendering Isaiah 44:16: “He war- 
meth himself, and saith, Aha, I am 
warm.” 

But what has the favorite exclamation 
of palindromists come to mean? A new 
book by Jordan Ayan is titled “Ate/” its 
heuristic sense found in die sub ti tle 
“101 Ways to Free Your Creative Spirit 
and Find Your Great Ideas.” But aha! 
does not always mean eureka! Robert 
Young, in his 1936 biblical concord- 
ance, found it three times in Ezekiel, 
transliterated from die Hebrew heach, 
and defined it with a nice twist “ma- 
licious joy." ... 

That is not the only other sense of 
this rich exclamation. I «»n hear, in my 
mind’s ear, the actor Lou Jacobi, in 
Neil Simon's first play, "Come Blow 
Your Horn’ ’ (1957), saying the word in 
a combination of triumph and derision. 
Aha! Why not ask Neil Simon himself 
for his definition? I did. 

“Aha! So -I've been asked to help 
contribute to your column,'* replies 
Simon. ‘ ‘In this case aha! meaning — 
A) I am surprised. B) So you finally 
asked me. Q Wait till I show this to my 
friends. 

“Aha! is also stalling for time when 
someone makes a statement you don't 
understand but pretend to. 

“Aha! is also said sarcastically to 
your daughter when she says she came 
home at 11 last night when you know it 
was 12:15. 

“Aha! can be a response, ” continues 
tiie great playwright-synonymist. 

‘ ‘ when you know something but find it 
unnecessary to share, as for example, 
Sherlock Holmes picking up an object 
and exclaiming, ‘Aha!* to which Wat- 
son asks. ‘What is it. Holmes?* T*U let 
you know what we get to Blenheim 
Castle. Quickly, Watson. To Victoria 
Station.* 

. “Aha! can also mean quite simply, 
when you finally think you know what 
life is about And lastly," Simon con- 


cludes, “Aha! can be the first half of an 
incompleted sneeze.” 

Jeny Kramer. Hall of Fame lineman 
for the Green Bay Packers in the '60s, 
wrote an Op-Ed column during Super 
Bowl month about Coach Vince Lom- 
bardi that included this sentence: "A 
series of Nike commercials portray 
him as a gruff bat lovable old coot" 

Question: Should it be "series of 
commercials portray" or “portrays"? 

Answer to this subject- verb agree- 
ment conundrum: depends on fee 
writer’s. “notional concord.” If you 
think of the subject “series” as plural, 
and especially if you have the plural 
"commercials” up tight against the 
verb, then you use the plural portray, 
but if you think of the subject as sin- 
gular. as primarily a group or col- 
lective, then go for the singular por- 
trays, as you would with ‘‘The World 
Series is. . . ” (I know that leaves the 
moorings-hungiy - unsatisfied, but 
grammatical life is hard.) 

□ 

Kramer, behind whom die quarter- 
back Bart Starr loved to sneak, went on 
to quote Lombardi: "You don’t do 
things right once in a while, you do 
them right all the time .” 

Time! Question; Should that be a 
comma or a semicolon after "while”? 

I say that sentence contains two in- 
dependent clauses requiring a semi- 
colon; as h stands, the sentence is 
joined into a "comma splice,” gram- 
mar’s equivalent of a goal-line 
fumble. 

Sol Steinmetz, the Hall of Fame 
lexicographer at Rand om House, dis- 
agrees: "Because tbe emphasis here is 
on ‘once in a while,' a semicolon 
doesn’t fit because it would separate a 
continuous thought into two ideas. The 
sentence is punctuated correctly with a 
comma because there is a parallel be- 
tween the two independent clauses.” 

That’s what makes linguistic ball 
games. Go with my rail if somebody 
gives you 14 points. 

1 Neva YorkTimes Service 


BOOKS 


>ih Lcliunoi 


> A SUPPOSEDLY FUN THING 
I’LL NEVER DO AGAIN 
Essays and Arguments 

By David Foster Wallace. 353 pages. 
$23.95. Little. Brown & Co. 

Reviewed by Michiko Kakutani 

F OR readers who actually finished 
" Infini te Jest,” David Foster Wal- 
lace’s gargantuan and much-talked- 
about recent novel, this new collection of 
essays will feel like a sort of nonfiction 
addendum, an echo chamber of musings. 
reportage and, of course, footnotes that 
recapitulate many of die author’s fa- 
vorite preoccupations, preoccupations 
that run the gamut from the philosoph- 
ical (like people’s consuming need to 
order their lives through obsession or 
distraction) to the banal (tike tennis play- 
ers’ development of stylistic tics). 

Like “Infinite Jest,” “A Supposedly 
Fun Thing FD Never Do Again* is an- 
imated by Wallace’s wonderfully ex- 
uberant prose, a zingy, elastic gift for 
metaphor and imaginative sleight of 
hand, combined with a taste far amphet- 
aminetike stream-of-consdousness riffs. 

like “Infinite Jest,” the book boasts 
some marvelously demented set pieces 
that take the absurdities of contemporary 
American life and freeze them in little, 
Joseph Come Ilian frames. And like "In- 


- fimte Jest,” fee bock is sorely in need of 
some editing: Even its liveliest, most 
compelling pieces are larded with re- 
petitions, self-indulgent digressions and a 
seeming need on Wallace's part to set 
down whatever random thoughts or af- 
terthoughts that happen to trundle 
through his mind. 

Tbe volume’s more analytic essays 
— a lengthy meditation mi the rela- 
tionship between television and new 
American fiction, an article on con- 
temporary literary theory — are a 
hodgepodge of insightful arguments, 
overly familiar observations and per- 
sonal ruminations feat illuminate tbe 
author’s own fiction. 

As readers of “Infinite Jest,” "The 
Broom of the System” and "Girl Wife 
Curious Hair” well know. Wallace com- 
bines a taste for postmodernist high jinks 
wife an old-fashioned love of character 
in his work. For all his narrativepyro- 
technics. he has not wholly embraced the 
chilly, irony-suffused aesthetic of so 
many of his contemporaries. 

Wallace argues feat irony and ridicule 
have become “agents of a great despair 
and stasis in U.S. culture,” and he 
mooxns the loss of the conviction and 
engagement wife deep moral issues that 
animated the work of fee great 19th- 
century novelists. He astutely observes 
that postwar irony started out, m fee work 


of writers like Thomas Pynchoo and Don 
DeliDo, as a tool for exposing hypocrisy, 
but has since devolved in the hands of 
many younger novelists into a means of 
avoiding commitment and risk, a m«nw 
of creating a self-satisfied, self-con- 
scious and willfully shallow art that 
skates fleetmgly over the surface of life. 

The remaining essays (many of which 
were originally written for Harper's 
magazine) are decidedly less literary: a 
wonderfully loopy piece on growing up 
in the Midwest in die mathematically flat 
land of Tornado Alley; a long-winded 
profile of a tennis player name d Michael 
Joyce; an anatomy of David Lynch’s 
films that’s half inspired commentary 
and half solipsistic journal writing; an 
amusing tour of the Illinois State Fair, and 
a comically extended account (complete 
wife detailed footnotes on such matters as 
the author's history wife Dramamine) of 
a Caribbean luxury cruise. 

Flawed though it is, this volume not 
oily reconfirms Wallace’s stature as one 
of his generation’s preeminent talents, 
but it also attests to ins virtuosity, an 
aptitude for the essay, profile and 
travelogue, equal to the gifts be has 
already begun to demonstrate in the 
realm of fiction. 


Michiko Kakutani is on the staff of 
The New York Times. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

. /“\MAR Sharif proved that 
9 he can' take on the 
world's best players ai the 
Generali Masters Individual 
played in Paris last year. 

After playing two deals 
wife each of fee other players, 
most of them much younger 
than he, Sharif finished in the 
top half, aided by fee 
diagramed deal. After some 
help from fee opening lead, 
he was one of two declarers to 
in four hearts 


succeed 
doubled. 

The best defense was to 
start with the club ace and 


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shift to the eight or nine of 
hearts. That would have left 
fee defense in control, but 
West chose a spade. Sharif as 
South won with dummy’s 
jack and led the club queen. 
West won with the ace and led 
the heart nine. . 

Timing the play well. 
South won wife the ten, 
cashed fee diamond ace, 
ruffed a . diamond and re- 
turned 'to his hand with a 
•spade to tbe ace. He then 
ruffed another diamond, 
ruffed a spade and cashed die 
heart ace to reach fee position 
at right: 

When Sharif led the dia- 
mond nine. West was helpless 


and could not defeat the 
doubled game. He discarded 
fee spade king, letting his 
partner win, but then had to 
ruff the next trick and lead 
into declarer’s K-J. 


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others 

to “We're looking 
tor good 

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ia North Carolina 
college 
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wstor 

16 Pepsi, tor one 

1747338 

30 Sweet liqueur 

21 Gaftc^rtfttends 

22 Ascot 
Coburg- 


23 


Gotha (British 
royal house! 


25 62060 

33 Affixe d wtth heat, 
as a patch 

34 — number on 
(mess up) 

as Campground 
letters 

36 20's gangster 

Bugs 

37 Each of the 
numbers in this 
puzzle's thame 

3* Being a copycat 

40 They: Fr. 

41 Tse-tung 

42 Tone deafness 

4349236 

47 "Horrors!" 

46 Hawaiian wreath 

40Compamortess 


S3 They're handy 

by phones 

6707352 - 
601 In The King 
andT . 

61 Heathen 

62 Glow 

63 Cheer (tor) 

64 Lodge member 

65 Reading tight 

DOWN 

i ‘It was vu 

aflow again* 
2 Enthusiasm 
a Graph points 

4 Signs, as a 
contract 

5 Sentiment 

6 Of the 

pre-Easter 


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41 1" (fan's 

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46 Actress Massey, 
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50 Late-night host 

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68 Engfoa speed, - 
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© York Tunes/Edited by Will Shorts. 


INTERNATIONAL 



FB ih Siftha«HnATi 

EXILES ON MARCH — Mostim Uigbur exiles carrying nationalist flags facing the police Sunday as they marched 
toward the Chinese Consulate in Istanbul to protest the killing of relatives in riots in Xinjiang Province in China. 

Turkish Women Protest Koranic Law 

Marchers Fear Ankara Is Moving Toward Fundamentalism 


By Stephen Kinzer 

Nr*' York Times Senice 


ANKARA — Thousands of Turks, 
most of them women, marched through 
the streets of Ankara in the first major 
public protest against fee policies of the 
Islamic-led government. 

Marchers carried signs and chanted 
slogans condemning what they contend 
are efforts to move Turkey closer to 
Sharia, the strict law of fee Koran, which 
imposes many restrictions on women. 

"Let Turkey shout ‘Down with 
Sharia,’ *' the marchers chanted. One 
banner proclaimed, "Women's Rights 
are Human Rights." while another said 
simply, "Women Exist” 

Turkey is fee most secular Muslim 
country in the Middle East, and the role 
of religion in public life is restricted by 
both law and custom. 

Turkish secularists fear that moves 
toward Islamic fundamentalism here 
may set an example for other moderate 
Muslim countries, and fee organizers of 
Saturday's march hoped the protest 
would prove that anti-fundamentalist 
sentiment remains widespread in Tur- 
key. 

Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan, 
leader of fee Muslim-oriented Welfare 
Party, is seeking to lift restrictions on 
women wearing veils or head scarves in 
the civil service and on university cam- 
puses. 


He contends feat he is simply de- 
fending freedom of choice, but critics 
maintain he is using the issue as part of a 
campaign against secularism. 

During his eight months in power. Mr. 
Erbakan has not imposed any major le- 
gal changes and has, in fact, stepped 
back from many of the radical proposals 
he made while in fee opposition. Be- 
cause he is the first leader since the 
founding of the Turkish Republic 74 
years ago to strongly identify himself 
wife Islam, however, many Turks 
deeply mistrust him. 

“We are definitely in danger because 
of what’s going on now.” said one of the 
marchers, Ayse Topcu, who carried a 
sign reading. “We Want a Secular 
Democratic Turkey. * ’ 

“Part of the problem is Erbakan and 
the Welfare Party,' ’ she said. “'Hie other 
part is the Turkish people. We aren't 
doing anything to stop this from hap- 
pening.” 

Women played a crucial role in sup- 
porting fee secular reforms decreed dur- 
ing fee 1920s by the founder of the 
Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ata- 
turk, and more than two thirds of those 
who marched Saturday were women. 
Sponsors of the march included wo- 
men's groups, labor unions, law and 
medical associations and cultural and 
retirees' organizations. 

"We are marching against Sharia and 
the darkness that aims to keep women 


Washington Post Service 


cepii 

Georgia has waived immunity for a dip- 
lomat involved in a car crash in which a 
Maryland teenager was killed, clearing 
the way for prosecutors to pursue 
charges as early as Tuesday. 

Phyllis Young, a State Department 
spokeswoman, said Saturday that the 
Georgian government had notified of- 
ficials that it would not invoke its right to 
diplomatic immunity from prosecution 
on behalf of Gueorgui Makharadze, 35. 
who was involved m the January crash 
that killed Joviane Waltrick. 16. of 
Kensington. 

Mrs. Young said fee State Department 
would officially notify the Justice De- 
partment of the waiver Tuesday, and 
lawyers involved in the matter said Mr. 


Diplomatic Immunity Is Waived 
For Envoy in Fatal U.S. Car Crash 

Makbaradze could be arrested then. 

Mr. Makbaradze 's car slammed into 
fee back of another car in Northwest 
Washington on Jan. 3. Tbe impact sent 
fee second car into fee air and it landed 
oa top of a third vehicle, in which Jovi- 
ane Waltrick was a passenger. She died 
at a hospital soon afterward. 

The police said that Mr. Makharadze 
had been drinking and that he appeared 
to have been (raveling 80 miles an hour 
(130 kilometers an hour). He was not 
given a blood-alcohol test because of his 
diplomatic status, investigators said. 

Georgia receives hundreds of millions 
of dollars in aid from the United States, 
but Mr. Makharadze is a popular figure 
there, and many Georgians bad called on 
the government there to protect him with 
immunity. 


outside of humanity.” stud Sena! Sara- 
han, a leader of the Modern Lawyers' 
Association, one of the groups spon- 
soring fee rally. 

Another marcher, Sabiha Kizilirmak. 
was draped in a Turkish flag to which 
she had pinned a portrait of Mr. Ata- 
turk. 

“I don’t want to live under a black 
sheet.” she said. “We are the real 
Muslims, not those who want to turn 
back fee clock." 


Algerian Army 
Reportedly Kills 
163 Extremists 


Agencc France-Pnsse 

ALGIERS — At least 163 armed Is- 
lamic militants have been killed in the 
past few days in mass swoops by se- 
curity forces to the south and west of 
Algiers, according to press reports. 

El Watan reported feat 148 extremists 
were killed by fee army, backed by fee 
police and self-defense groups, in the 
Blida. Medea, Djelfa. Tipaza and Tlem- 
cen regions. . 

And the newspaper Liberie reported 
that about 1 5 militants had been killed in 
Algiers and fee surrounding area on 
Thursday and Friday. 

El Khabar reported Saturday that 12 
militants were killed by security forces 
in fee Saida region, southwest of fee 
capital. An additional six militants, two 
of them women, were killed Wednesday 
in an assault on an apartment in which 
they were holed up in central Algiers. 

El Watan. in its account of fee security 
situation, said 63 militants were killed in 
a single operation, east of Medea, but did 
not give a date. 

It added that in the Tlemcen region, in 
western Algeria, 22 armed Islamic mil- 
itants were killed and feat a “major haul 
of arms and subversive documents' ’ had 
been recovered by fee security forces. 

Seven militants were killed in Algiers, 
while “special security forces” have 
been carrying out a sweep "in fee axis of 
Baraki, Sidid Moussa. Larbaa. as far as 
Kolea." west of the capital, since Tues- 
day. El Watan said. 

El Watan said the sweeps were being 
earned out ahead of general elections 
that are scheduled in June. 


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PAGE 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD 


PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY £z$IM7 


CAREERS 


m . ' ‘ k -, 

Baby Boomers Hit 40, and Discover Age Bias 


Wave of Lawsuits Expected as Workers Lose Jobs to Young (and Cheap) 


By Kirstin Downey Grimsley 

Washington Post Service 


WASHINGTON — The case of a 
lawn-product sales representative 
named Greg Kokoska illustrates what 
could be the next big frontier for the 
baby boom generation in the United 
States: age discrimination complaints. 

Mr. Kokoska, of Baltimore County, 
Maryland, was 41 in 1993 when he was 
told his position was being eliminated 
by Monsanto Co. Soon after he was 
gone, Mr. Kokoska said, he was re- 
placed by a 30-year-old. 

Mr. Kokoska said the executives who 
fired him and dozens of other over-40 
workers were young people in their 20s 
with business degrees. “The young 
gentlemen thought we weren't energetic 
enough, compared to them,” Mr. 
Kokoska saidin an interview. 

Mr. Kokoska and 42 former co-work- 
ers — most with outstanding work re- 
cords — sued, and last June, negotiated 
the second-largest settlement per person 
in age discrimination case history, re- 
ceiving SI 25,000 to $500,000 each. 
Their lawsuit said that 59 of the 66 sales 
representatives terminated, or 89 per- 
cent, were age 40 or older. 

Monsanto denied any discrimination 
had occurred, and said ft settled the case 
to avoid the “uncertainties and distrac- 
tions of a jury trial.” 

Mr. Kokoska learned a fact that is 


of the post-Worid War II baby boom, 
turn 40. 

About 60 milli on workers are now 40 
or older, or about 45 percent of the total 
work fence of 134 million, according to 
Howard Fullerton, a demographic stat- 
istician with die Bureau of Labor Stat- 


istics in Washington. By 2004, all the 
: Americans bom 


baby boomers — those . 
from 1946 through 1964 — will be 
covered by federal age discrimination 
laws. 

This is forcing baby boomers to rec- 
ognize that they are in danger of ap- 
pearing time-wom and outda te d at 


sel of the National Chamber of Com- 
merce’s Litigation Center. “Businesses . 
will see a growth in the number of age 
discrimination cases." 

More than 17,000 workers annually 
brought age discrimination complains 
to the U.S- Equal Employment Oppor- 
tunity Commission from 19 91 to 1995. 
The number fell last year to about 


16,000. in pazt, experts say, because of 
the improved U.S. ecc 


‘There are some jobs 
where age is considered a 
plus, like a judge. But for 
a high-tech job, it can be 
a real drawback.’ 


becoming painfully relevant to growing through job c 
numbers of baby boomers and their cm- affect the gro 
clovers: Fortv is the ace at which em- over age 40. 


ployers: Forty is the age at which em- 
ployees can bring lawsuits under federal 
employment law claiming age discrim- 
ination in the workplace. And this is the 
year when people bom in 1 957, the peak 


work. And companies are beginning to 
see that this aging work force is present- 
ing a new source of potential litigation. 

Advocates for the elderly say dis- 
crimination occurs because of the 
deeply held prejudices of America's 
youth-oriented society. But industry 
representatives say many complaints 
are unfounded, because they arise from 
legitimate efforts to reduce costs 
through job cuts — which inevitably 
affect die growing cumber of workers 
over age 40. 

“Companies need to focus on the fact 
that they may have a growing problem 
as die baby boom ages,” said Stephen 
Bokat, vice president and general conn- 


economy and die 

decline" in layoffs. 

When such complaints lead to suc- 
cessful lawsuits, the damages can be 
high, compared with other loads of job 
discrimination cases. 

According to Jury Verdict Research, 
a consulting company, claimants who 
brought age discrimination cases be- 
tween 1988 and 1995 were awarded an 
average $219,000 — comp ar ed with 
$147,799 for race discrimination cases, 
$106,728 for sex discrimination and 
$100345 for disability cases. 

Advocates for older workers say the 
problem begins with unfair assumptions 
that young people are more eneigetic, 
more flexible and cost less to employ 
than older workers. 

Eric Rolfe Greenberg, director of 
management studies at die American 
Management Association, contends that 
older workers are losing their jobs be- 
cause of structural economic changes — 
not age discrimination. 

“It’s pure arithmetic,” Mr. Green- 
berg said “You save more money firing 
a $100,000 executive than a $20,000 
secretary. If you need to replace them, 
you would have to hire another $20,000 
secretary, but you can find a replace- 
ment executive with similar skins for 
$80,000." 


. Mr. Greenberg also said that some 
older workers have failed to keep pace 
with the latest -developments in com- 
puter technology, making them less 
valuable to their employers. “You find 
more technological competence in 
younger age groups,” he aid. 

But Stephen Snyder, the Minnesota 
lawyer who brou ght die Monsanto law- 
suit, said that lu^dy computex-lilerale 
older workers are more vulnerable than 

then younger peers. He said one case he 



is 


ware engineers, aged 45 to 60, who lost- 
their positions after a merger, with lfate 
regard for thefcabilities. 


“There are some jobs where age is 
considered ajplus.likea judge," Mr. 


Snyder said “But for a high-tech job, it 
can be a real drawback, even if yoa arc 
the most creative, innovative person 
around. You are plagued by that ste- 
reotype.” 

So what are aging baby boomere to 
do? 

Helen Dermis, director of the Andms 
Institute's Center Focusing on Aging 
and Business Issues, advises older 
Workers to improve their technical and 
computer skills and pursue additiona l 
education, possibly with an eye to mak- 
ing a career change if the industry they 
work in appears hostile to older work- 
ers. 

* There’s an enormous responsibility 
to keep flexible and agile,” she said. 

Some sadder-bot-wiser workers em- 


phasized trying to maintain a youthful 


appearance. Mr. Kokoska said he be- 
lieved that one man who kept his job at 
Monsanto survived became the exec- 
utives thought he was younger dun he 
was. 


By John Holusha 

Netv Tort Tones Service 


NEW YORK — Barbara Kavovit 
started ter construction business by 
going to shopping malls in New 
York’s Wesfchester County to hand 


oat business cards and solicit home 
remodeling work. 

That was eight yean ago. Today, 
her Anchor Construction me. has a 
full-time crew of 33 workers, annual 
sales of about $15 million and is in- 
volved in big projects hire renovating 
apartments and performing spaces in 
the Carnegie. Hah complex. 

She said it had been a straggle to 
force- her way into die “boys’ dub” 
-that is the construction business. At a 
time when if is not remarkable to find 
women as senior executives in car- 
potations, par tne rs in high-powered 
major law fn-mg imH traders and deal 
makers cm Wall Street, women ex- 
ecutives still stand out in construc- 
tion. ’ 

But aided by federal and state reg- 
ulations -that require certain percent- 
ages of public contracts to be directed 
to firms owned by minorities and wo- 
men, many axe pressing forward. 

“If I had known what I had to go 
through, I might not have started tins 
business,” Ms. Kavovit said. She ad- 
ded rh»r dealing with unionized work- 
ers in New York could be “very 
hard” and the indifference of male 
executives, particularly older ones, to 
wotnezfs^^^onies remainsa^prob- 


jueu in Construction, a trade asso- 
ciation founded with' 12 members in 
1980, now has more than 500 and 
draws hundreds of male executives to 
its workshops and semhters. 

“We needed our own forum,’* said 
Lenore Janis, its president and ex- 
ecutive director and co-founder of the 
group. * ‘We are not in the samelocker 
room with the men and for the most 
pan we do not play golf witiuhem. lt 
wis hard for women to market them- 
selves.” ■ 

According to Ms.. Jams, some fed- 
eral agencies, such as the Department 
of Transportation, have set a goal that 
lOpercent of the work in tbeprqjects 
it finances be directed to rnmoritics 
mid women. 

Construction executives say another 
reason for the increase of women rathe 
industry’s ranks is that many more are 
graduating from engineering and ar- 
chitectural training at the college and 
university level and have tire technical 
ctftTis to rise in larger organizations. 
Most of the women running construc- 
tion projects say that they do not have to 
imitate men to succeed. Although the 
popular image of a construction, man- 
ager is a big, dgar-chonnfflQ^manwbD 
rules with discipline and intmudation, 
the women ray that is not necessary. 

Ms. Kavovit said she pays her work- 
ers well and tries to be sensitive to thea- 
needs fortune off to deal with family 
problems. “You have to be defidtiein 
tire way you handle older men. who 
have years in the business,” she stride 
“butultimately I’m tire boss."*^ . 




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4- BRANCH OFFICE GENERAL MANAGER: 

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* COMMERCIAL ENGINEER: 

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10 years experience are required In the business or In 
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Careernost 



GOVERNESS 1 
prefer liteMJK warm & caring restore 
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SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


I I \IPOK\KV M CRI I \lff \l ROSTS 
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The Organisation tor Economic CooperaUoo and Devetopmem (OECD), mi 
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Part-time porttiocs also available. 


knowtedge of French. 

/High speed acairale Cyptag (50 words pa- minute) 
✓Experience with word processing sjstaiw required. 

AppHtatioas from mate and female nackmab of OECD member countries 
(Australia. Austria. Belgium. Canada. Czech Republic. Denmark. Finland. 
France. Germany. Greece, Hangar;, Iceland, Ireland. Italy, Japan. 
LuxembOHrs. Moira. Netherlands, New Zealand. Norway. Poland, Portugal 
Republic or Korea. Spain. Sweden. Switzerland. Turkey. United Kingdom, 
United Stars) with cumcnlum-vttae to: 

Barnes Resource Management 
O&D 

2. roe Andre Pascal 
75775 PARIS Otter 16 - France 
Kf£JrmSECPHB97 

OaiyshortrUsted caudfttucs will receive a response 


'.nglislt mother tongue legal secretary 


As well as classic personal assistani/secreinrial rcspo usabilities, 
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follow-up on legal files. 

Excellent written and spoken English and French, you are able to 


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jinuificati 


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ItealbSiS^rihunc 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


PAGE 11 


Unilever Trims Profile 
And Attracts Admirers 

Stock Rises as Conglomerate Scales Back 




By James Stern gold 


York Times Service 


Until recent 
consumer-products company' Unilever 
a-*"’ Predictable and it relied on 
nnancial heft rather than on nimbleness 
to gam a point or two of market share. 
But last week, the BrMsh-Dutch com- 
pany took the markets by surprise when 
it announced it would sell four of its 
huger businesses. Has this stodgy man- 
ufacturer of everything from Good Hu- 
mor ice cream to Dove soap and Q-Tips 
suddenly become a growth stock? 

The answer is pemaps, by slimming 

down. After years of slow growth, 
much of it through acquisitions, Uni- 
lever is talking about eventually shed- 
ding businesses that now account for 
20 to 30 percent of its revenues. 

Corning from Niall FitzGerald, the 
chairman of the British headquarters of 
Unilever and a man who reportedly 
once turned down the offer of a com- 
pany car in favor of a speedy mo- 
torcycle, last week’s moves perhaps 
should not have been a surprise. 


But investors responded enthusiast- 
ically nonetheless. In New York, Uni- 
lever’s shares soared from $168,125 
on Monday to $188.25 at the Friday 
close. On Friday alone, the shares rose 
$8.25, fueled by rumors of a share split 
and Deutsche Morgan Grenfell’s up- 
grade of Che stock man hold to buy. 

“I Hked the news tremendously,** 
said Nomi Gbez, an analyst with Gold- 
man, Sachs & Co., about the sale plans. 
“We’ve been recommending this stock 
for a year now on the thesas that this 
company was getting ready for signif- 
icant change. Now it’s happening after 
disappointing people for a long time.” 

Adding to the good news were Uni- 
lever’s strong fourth-quarter earnings, 
also reported last week. Analysts said 
the earnings were a product or its cost- 
cutting strategies and its efforts to in- 
crease margins, 

Unilever said its earnings were $597 
million, up 60 percent from the com- 
parable quarter in 1995. 

But most important was the an- 
nouncement of Unilever’s plan to sell 
four specially chemicals companies 



The New York Times 


that are peripheral to its primary focus 
as a consumer products giant. The four 
units — National Starch & Chemical 
Co., Quest International, Umchema 
andCrosfield — account for 9 percent 
of Unilever’s sales. 

But will Unilever stock continue to 
rise? After all, it gained nearly 12 
percent in the last week alone. 

Some analysts remain bullish. Ms. 
Ghez, who has predicted that Unilever 


will top 5200 this year, says the 
is still a strong buy. “It is not 


stock will 

stock is still a strong buy. 
going to run out of steam because this 
represents such a major change at a 
major company,” she said. “As long 
as the story evolves, the stock will be 
strong.” 

One reason far die optimism is that 
expectations have long been so low for 

See GROW, Page 15 


Launderers Cash In 
On Eastern Europe 

Use of Banknotes Aids Criminals 


By Peter S. Green 

Special la the Herald Tribune 



Mutual Funds Get Credit for Surge in Stock Prices 


PRAGUE — Tbe capitalist explosion 
in Russia and Eastern Europe has turned 
the region into a new center for money 
laundering, threatening to undermine 
popular confidence in the free market, 
and international law-enforcement of- 
ficials say the problem will continue as 
long as cash drives die region’s boom. 

Billions of dollars from criminal 
activity, including tax evasion, are 
filtered through die region to enter the 
world’s monetary system, officials from 
West and East European countries say. 

At a two-day conference in Prague 
last week, the officials said there was 
still no way to gauge either the amount 
or the kinds of money laundered in the 
former Communist bloc. Many coun- 
tries in the region have only just begun to 
deal with the problem, they said, and no 
East European country has yet reported 
a conviction for money laundering. 

“There is absolutely the potential 
that if money laundering and other crim- 
inal types of activity are not brought 
under control, it could shake faith in the 
market economy,” said the confer- 
ence’s chairman, John Taylor, general 
counsel of the European Bank for Re- 
construction and Development. 

“These countries are largely cash 
economies,” he said, “and in some 


countries we know there is a widespread 
criminal element. When you have a cash 
economy and a criminal element, 
money has to be laundered. " 

But analysts acknowledge that it is 
difficult to say how much money is 
being laundered here. 

“Tbe worldwide gross criminal 
product has now reached $1 trillion,” 
said David Bickford, a former adviser to 
tbe British secret services. “Bui here 
it’s difficult to identify the problem. In 
emerging economies, is it money laun- 
dering or is it creating capital through 
means that may have once been legal 
but are now illegal?” 

Eduard Jelen, director of internal con- 
trol ai the Czech bank Ceska Sporirelm, 
said money laundering would be tough 
to fight as long as cash remained the 
chief means of payment in the region. 

“You have to understand that this is 
still a cash system.” he said. “Three or 
four years ago people didn’t even have 
ATM cards. There are still almost no 
credit cards. The first step is to change 
the thinking of these people.” 

“In the Czech Republic in 1990 there 
were 50 banks and no fraud squad," said 
Jonathan Hatfield of the European bank. 
“In Bulgaria, state companies are sold 
for cash. What a golden opportunity to 
launder money.” 

See MONEY, Page 15 


By Edward Wyatt 

New York Times Service 


NEW YORK — The mutual fund 
industry has been going to great lengths 
to deny responsibility for the stock mar- 
ket's boisterous rally, which last week 
took the Dow Jones industrial average 
above 7,000 points and the Standard & 
Poor’s 500-stock index over 800, each 
for the first time. 

Don Powell, chairman of the Invest- 
ment Company Institute, tee industry’s 
leading trade group, has dismissed the 
notion by saying that mutual funds own 
only 14 percent of corporate equities in 
this country, farless than the share owned 
by individuals and pension funds. John 
Rea, chief economist of tbe institute, said 
its studies had found “no correlation 
between tbe performance of the equity 
market and mutual fund flows. ” 

But plenty of people believe other- 
wise. For evidence, look* at what 
happened Wednesday, when fee insti- 
tute repotted feat $24 billion flowed into 
stock mutual funds in January. Within a 
half-hour, the Dow industrials doubled 
~ their gain for the day. 

On Thursday, fee Dow industrials 
' continued their rally, moving above the 


mi 


latest thousand-point marie before fell- 
ing to 6,988.96 at the Friday dose. 

That Wall Street traders and brokers 
are watching mutual fund cash flows is 
clear to Melissa Brown, a quantitative 
analyst at Prudential Securities, who 
each week sends Prudential’s brokers 

Switchingfund chiefs barely affects 
retains, Fidelity says. Page 1L 

of the cash flow reports 
AMG Data Services, an 
it fund-tracking company, 
e crunch the numbers every 
week,” she said, “and if our report is 
five minutes late, people get upset.” 

At Smith Barney, professionals ran- 
ging from equity traders, who must 
make minute-to-minute investment de- 
cisions, to brokers, who presumably 
work wife a longer-term perspective, 
aire “all pretty interested’ ’ in how much 
cash is coming into the firm’s mutual 
funds, said Jessica Bibliowicz, who 
oversees the mutual funds unit 

“Does mutual fund cash flow affect 
fee maricef?” she asked. “I think it 
definitely does.” 

To be sure, the $24 billion feat flowed 


into equity mutual funds, as estimated 
fay fee Investment Company Institute, 
was not a record for inflows in a single 
month. That accolade belongs to Janu- 
ary 1996, when $289 billion moved in. 
When measured as a percentage of as- 
sets already invested in stock funds, last 
month’s inflow of 131 percent fell be- 
low fee level recorded in each of fee first 
five months last year. 

Other factors have also have helped 
keep the market moving ahead. Cor- 
porate earnings are robust The econ- 
omy is humming. The dollar is strong. 
Consumers are confident and intent cm 
saving for the future. 

Since late 1990, those factors have 
combined to fuel a nearly unbroken rise 
in stock prices. During that time, the 
Dow industrials have not fallen more 
than 10 percent below their peak level. 


tio 



ag 


that percentage has mare than doubled 
since the end of 1990, to 14 3 percent 
from 6.6 percent. (Like most govern- 
ment statistics, the Fed’s numbers are 
somewhat dated. Tbe most recent fig- 
ures measure holdings through fee fend 
quarter of 1996.) 


Over the same period, tbe portion of 
equities owned by individuals directly 
rather than through mutual funds fell to 
47.7 percent from 49.9 percent The por- 
tion owned by pension plans, both gov- 
ernment and corporate, and insurance 
companies dropped to 28.6 percent from 
30.2 percent Foreign ownership fell, too, 
to 6.2 percent from 6.9 percent 

The growth of fee mutual fund in- 
dustry has affected the stock market in 
otter ways, too. Individuals who own 
stocks are for less likely to be active 
traders than are mutual fund managers. 
According to the fund-tracking com- 
pany Momingstar Inc., nearly a quarter 
of the mutual funds that invest in abroad 
array of American stocks tom over their 
entire portfolios each year. 

Increasingly, fund managers are fo- 
cusing on fee stocks of fee biggest 
American companies. To keep up wife 
the soaring returns of the Dow indus- 
trials and tbe S&P 500, many have been 
bidding up the prices of the largest stocks 
while ignoring their smaller cousins. 


Asian Finance Reform Lags 


CempSrdty Our Siqff Fmm D o pa ih rl 

SINGAPORE — Protectionism in 
Asia’s financial sector could impede 
fee region's future economic growth 
unless major reforms to liberalize the 
industry are initiated, a report warned 
Sunday. 

Outside of Hong Kong and Singa- 
pore, “fee local financial systems are 
increasingly inadequate in servicing 
the needs of these same countries^ 
industrial and consumer sectors,” 
said fee report, which was issued by 
the Hong Kong-based Political and 
Economic Risk Consultancy Ltd. 

"In almost every country in Asia, 
pressure is building for significant 
financial-sector reform. Yet vested 
interests in tbe industry and certain 
parts of the government bureaucracy 
can be counted on to dig in their 


heels," it said. 

The report said Asian banks had 
foiled to follow tbe lead of banks in the 
United States and Europe, which have 
undergone restructuring. 

“By comparison, the banking sys- 
tems in most Asian countries are stand- 
ing still.” fee report said. “There is no 
sense of urgency to restructure.” 

The report pointed out the region's 
finan cial systems were increasingly 
inadequate in servicing the needs of 
fee industrial and consumer sectors at 
home. This, it said, threatened to im- 
pede overall economic growth in fee 
future. 

The group also published a survey 
that showed Singapore and Hong Kong 
leading die region in terms of overall 
quality of banking systems, ahead of 
(AFP, Reuters) 




Chief Italian Banker Urges Flexible Pay 


CYBERSCAPE 


Computer Mind Games for Grown-Ups 



By Richard Covington 

Special ip rhe Herald Tribune 

C ANNES — Neurons feeling 
flabby? Tty Mind Gym, a com- 
bination quiz and analyst session 
that is part of the flood of multimedia 
gy nv »j: aimed adults. In another breed of 
so-called hybrid games, which combine 
a computer disk wife input from an on- 
line connection, users inhabit “parallel 
( universes” — creating their own per- 
’ sonas, playing politics, robbing banks, 
and of course, shopping. 

Fed up with fee monsters and mazes 
of computer battlefields, a growing 
number of producers in the $30 billion 
CD-ROM industry have finally dis- 
covered feat literate storytelling and 
comedy draw audiences. 

As brilliant as the technology is for 
■archiving and referencing every con- 
ceivable form of encyclopedia, fee task 
of making "users” laugh, cry and smile 
has proven elusive. Now, games such as 
NoHo Digital Life’s “Mind Gym and 
parallel-universe paradigms i devised by 
Canal plus SA of France and fee Brmsn 
game developer Pepper’s Ghost promise 


to inject some emotional impact into the 
arid terrain of entertainment software. 

Among the 9,000 multimedia pub- 
lishers, buyers and developers gathering 
last week at the Milia international mar- 
ket in Cannes, any euphoria over rising 
global sales was tempered by the sober- 
ing realization feat .on-line and com- 
puter-driven multimedia remain years 
away from becoming a serious com- 
petitor to television, cinema or the home 
video industry — even as video ul- 
timately moves ou to fee new world of 
digital video disk, or DVD. 

“The personal computer is not even 
close to becoming a mass-market en- 
tertainment . device,” said Nicholas 
Donatielio, president and chief exec- 
utive officer of Odyssey LP, a marketing 
research firm based in San Francisco. 
“The computer industry has completely 
forgotten feat entertainment is the 
6, 000-pound gorilla in people's living 
rooms and information is the Chihuahua 
snapping at its heels,” be added. 

Soil, Mr. DonatieUo dismissed re- 
ports of the premature demise of the 
CD-ROM. In homes that have both mul- 
timedia computers and on-line services. 


consumers spend more time wife their 
CD-ROM titles and remain more sat- 
isfied wife them than with fee mul- 
timedia they receive from fee on-line 
sendees, he said. 

Overall. CD-ROM sales are robust, 
doubling in Europe over fee past year to 
$23 billion, and rising by 60 percent in 
tbe United States, to well over $10 bil- 
lion, according to Ben Keen of Screen 
Digest Ltd., a British publication that 
tracks the media industry. Despite this 
encouraging surge in sales, however, 
only a handful of multimedia publishers 
are making profits. In the United States, 
Microsoft Corp„ Walt Disney Co~, and 
six other publishers accounted for more 
than 70 percent of sales, Mr. Keen said. 

“It's sad bat true feat tbe number of 
CD-ROM titles is completely out of pro- 
portion to fee size of the market,” be 
added. 

In an attempt to woo adults to the 
computer for entertainment, a number 
of multimedia developers are paying 
more than mere lip service to such ar- 
cane production values as the shaped 

See GAMES, Page 16 . 


C<HfMl;OtrSKffnnDifAhi 

TREVISO, Italy — The governor of 
fee Bank of Italy, Antonio Fazio, has 
called for increased flexibility in the 
salaries of Italian workers to spur job 
creation. 

Mr. Fazio said wages must be linked 
to fee profitability and productivity of 
the companies paying them. 

“The adoption of a strict connection 
between earnings and employees on one 
side and revenues and the productivity 
of the firm on fee other,” he said, will 
lead to a better allocation of wealth. 

“It can raise fee level of employ- 
ment," he added 

Recent wage accords have helped to 
stabilize prices and made Italian in- 
dustry competitive, be said, but they 
have not reduced unemployment pre- 
cisely because of the rigidity of fee labor 
market. 

Mr. Fazio’s comments, published 
Sunday after he delivered them Sat- 
urday in a speech in Treviso, came just 
days after the central bank governor 
convened the chief officers of fee 15 


largest Italian banks to discuss ways of 
reforming bank labor laws. Just a week 
earlier, Mr. Fazio called for profound 
changes to fee nation's social security 
and welfare system after a meeting of 
fee Group of Seven leading industri- 
alized nations. 

“In Italy and the other industrial 
economies,” Mr. Fazio said in Treviso, 
“cyclical unemployment is due to the 
rigidity of companies’ overall salary 
burden, which does not change even 
when global demand is in a down- 
turn.” 

Any changes to labor laws to spur 
greater flexibility must be done in con- 
junction with unions and other insti- 
tutions feat make up fee nation’s social 
fabric, Mr. Fazio added. 

The central bank governor said fee 
success of small and medium-sized 
companies in Italy was largely due to 
the willingness of workers to help their 
companies. 

“That strength is derived from the 
flexibility of fee labor factor, not only in 
terms of cost bur also in fee altitude of 


workers in sharing the goals of fee com- 
pany as a whole,” be said of fee success 
of small companies. 

( Bloomberg . Reuters) 

El IG MetaD Sees Jobless Increase 

Klaus Zwickel. the head of Ger- 
many's largest union, IG Metall. said in 
an interview published Sunday feat he 
expected unemployment to rise to 5 
million people soon. Bloomberg News 
reported from Frankfurt. 

Mr. Zwickel told the newspaper Bild 
am Sonntag that unemployment would 
decline in the spring, but he forecast 
average unemployment for the year 
would be “significantly above 4 mil- 
lion." 

Raiher than cutting spending and try- 
ing to lower taxes, fee union leader said, 
the government should increase invest- 
ment in infrastructure, services and re- 
search to fight unemployment. 

In January, a record 4.65 million Ger- 
mans were jobless. The unemployment 
rate for fee month was 12.2 percent, a 
postwar high. 


CURRENCY RATES 


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LUXFUND5ICAV 

% Boulevard Royal 
LUXEMBOURG 

B.C- Laxenbam^ B-72S7 
Notice is hereby given that an 

Extraordinary General Meeting 

of shareholders of LUXFUND (the “Fund") will be held at 
Banaue Internationale a Luxembourg, 69 route d'Eaeh, or 
M arch '3rd, 1997 at 3.00 pjn. with the following agenda: 

]. decision la bqidalor the Fond; 

1 appointment of a liquidate and approval of his powers and 
remuneration: 

The quorum required for the meeting k or S0*Ki of the shares 
outstaoduig and the passing of ncolurioa Sr. I requires dir tvnsenl of 
yz of the. shares represented at the meeting. 

Shareholders are informed that the CaJcidofion of the Net Asset 
Value, subscriptions and redemptions have bern suspended 16 
from February 7th, 1997. 

Holders of bearrr sham who wish to aUend the meeting or 
vole at the meeting by proxy, should deposit their share 
rrrtifirotes with Banque Internationale a lauxexnboarg SA, at, 
route ifKach, l.-l 470. Luxembourg, at least five Hear days 
before, the date of the meeting, 

The Board of Director* 



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PAGE 2 


PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, SATURDAY-SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1-2, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRU ARY 17, 1997 

CAPITAL MARKETS OH MONDAY 





fUND* 


European Bulls Take Cues From Across Atlantic as Dollar Firms 


By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tnhunc 

PARIS — The old adage — if Amer- 
ica sneezes. Europe catches pneumonia 
— is being turned inside out with the 
long-running optimism in U.S. financial 
markets spreading euphoria in Europe. 

Enormous amounts of money are 
moving into European bond and equity 
mutual funds, analysts say. although 
data remain sketchy. 

Inflows into bond funds in Italy in 
January are estimated at the equivalent 
of $10 billion, double the previous 
month's amount, while equity funds re- 
ported a net inflow of $ 1 billion after two 
years of outflows. In France, bond funds 
reported that 35 consecutive months of 
net outflows ended last month while net 
inflows into equity funds increased for 
the first rime since mid- 1 994. 


The major European stock markets 
are all trading at or near record levels, in 
large part because of the soaring dollar 
and the lift it gives to export-driven 
growth in Europe. At the same time, 
further bolstering growth prospects, 
long-term interest rates in Germany, 
France and Spain are ai lows not seen 
since the 1960s thanks to an accom- 
modative monetary policy. 

The new element in this favorable 

configuration is the strength of the dol- 
lar. Although the Group of Seven lead- 
ing industrialized nations has signaled 
its desire to see the dollar stabilize, the 
currency continues to advance. It gained 
1.5 percent against die Deutsche mark 
last week, finishing at 1.6874 DM. and 
0.9 percent against the yen, at 12435 
yen. So far this year, the dollar is 93 
percent higher against the mark and 7.4 
percent higher against the yen. 


The dollar ended the week a tad be- 
low its highest levels, but analysts at- 
tributed the retrenchment to caution be- 
cause U.S. markets will be closed 
Monday for President’s Day and fears 

‘European bond markets 
don’t look vulnerable, 
nor do equity markets.’ 

that Tokyo might use the unusually light 
trading over die holiday to intervene. 

Japan’s reserves, just over $200 bil- 
lion, gives it the ammunition to slow the 
dollar’s advance and possibly even tem- 
porarily drive it back down a bit. But 
many analysts, including Neil MacKin- 
non of Citibank, say they doubt that 
Tokyo alone can stop the dollar. 


“At best, they could hope to brake its 
advance, but they can’t stop it,” he said. 
Japan, he said, like Europe, needs a 
strong dollar to spark domestic growth. 

The policy mix in Japan and Europe 
— where governments seeking to rein in 
spending and reduce fiscal deficits need 
to keep interest rates low to spur growth 
— is seen by some as fueling the rally in 
financial markets. 

“This is a liquidity-driven rally,” 
said Jesper Roll of J.P. Morgan & Co., 
“brought on largely by central banks in 
Continental Europe and Japan pushing 
short-term rates to historic lows” and 
providing low-cost money to finance 

speculation. 

Interest rates have undergone a dra- 
matic compression, he said, whether 
comparing government yields within 
Europe relative to Germany; corporate 
bonds against government paper, or 


emereing-maricet debt against bench- 
mark levels- Itus. Mr. Koil said, it is 
likely rising asset prices are a nibble. 

“Only when central banks start re 
turn off the global liquidity machine, 
he said, will the bull market slow. 

* ‘The speed of the bubble’s rising can 
best be monitored by checking the speed 
of yen depreciation,” Mr. KoII said. 

But John Llewellyn of Lehman 

Brothers challenged that view. _ 

“We may be close to a bubble m me 
yen," be said, estimating the fair value 
for the dollar at 100 yen and calling glib 
the “market mantra" that intervention 
by the Bank of Japan with no other policy 
change could not stop the yea. when 
policies are right, he argued, intervention 
has and can be effective. 

But no such bubble appears in fi- 
nancial markets, he said. 

“The U.S. equity market does not 


look particularly vulnerable," Mr. 
Llewellyn said. "The corporate earnings 
needed to back up these levels seem to be 
there. And the bond raariret doesn t look 
vulnerable because frankly the inflation 
performance — and particularly foe most 
recent data — really does look brill ram. 

“Nor do European markets look par- 
ocularly vulnerable. Cleariy activity is 
weak, sm*l cleariy short-term rates are 
°oing to stav low for a good long time. It 
would appear that long-term yields are 
poised to decline further when it becomes 
Apparent that Europe, also, is entering a 
period of growth without inflation. 

“European bond markets therefore 
don’t look vulnerable." he added, “nor 
do equity markets because we’re be- 
ginning to see. although in a slightly paler 
version, an improvement in productivity 
like we’ve seen in the United States that 
has done so much to underpin profits.” 


Most Active International Bends 


New International Bend Issues 


The 250 mosS active intemabona] bonds traded 
ttirougM the Eurodear system lor the week end- 
ing Feb. 14. Prices supplied by Telekurs. 

Rnk None Cpn Maturity Price Yield 


Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price YWd Rnk Name cpn Maturity Price YleW Compiled by Lnurence Desvllettes 


Argentine Peso 


1 78 Argentina 


)P« 02/12/07 99.4500 11.8100 


Belgian Franc 

156 Belgium 5 

British Pound 


5 03/28/01 1026500 4.8600 


92 EBRD 6.20 02/14/00 967165 6.4100 

196 Heiaba Intt Fin 7ft 12/30/02 101.3750 7-2700 

218 EIB 7U 06/07/02 101.3750 7.1500 

231 EIB 7ft 12/07/06 102.0000 7.4800 

236 BAA 7ft 02/1 <V07 100.8750 7J3100 


Canadian Dollar 


B 06/01/23 113.45 7.0500 


Danish Krone 

4 Denmark 
18 Denmark 
20 Denmark 
24 Denmark 
2B Denmark 
29 Denmark 
42 Denmark 
49 Denmark 
55 Denmark 
85 Denmark 
107 Denmark 
114 Denmark 
121 Nykredil3Cs 
154 Denmark 
170 Red Kredlt 


8 03/15/06 

7 11/15/07 

8 1I/T5/01 

9 ] 1/15/98 

8 05/15/03 

9 11/15/00 

6 12/10/99 

7 IZ/15/04 

7 11/10/24 

7 08/15/97 

6 11/15/02 

7 02/15/98 

6 10/01/26 
4 02/15/00 
6 104)1/26 


112-3000 
1042500 
1 12.4400 
1084400 
112.7400 
1148800 
104.6800 
106.4500 
98.2500 
101.5000 
103.7000 
1033300 
89.5800 
99.9500 
89.8500 


98 Germany 

100 Germany 

101 Germany 
104 Germany 
f06Treuhond 
119 Treuhand 

1 23 Germany 

124 Germany 
128 Germany 

140 Treuhand 

141 Treuhand 
143 Germany 
146 Germany 
152 Germany 

158 Germany 

159 Germany 

160 Germany 
163 Treuhand 
179 German States 
187 Denmark 

197 Spam 

201 Germany 

202 Germany 

206 Germany Hi ills 
209 German Stales 
211 Austria 
213Suedwest LB 
214 Germany 
226 KFW 
234 Portugal 

237 Germany 

238 Merrill Lynch 
243 Germany 


BU 07/21/97 102.1300 
616 01/02/99 1054775 
5*1 02/22779 1034575 
6ft 05/20/99 105.7567 
6 Vi 06/25/98 103.7700 
5ft 04/29/99 104.8400 

6 02/20/98 102.7800 

6*1 05/20/98 103JJ700 
5ft 05/28/99 104.9033 

7 11/25/99 108.7750 

5 12/17/98 KXL8400 

7(4 10/21/02 112.1300 
SVJ 11/20/97 101.5600 

8 09/22/97 102J200 
6% 01/20/98 1011267 
516 08/20/98 103J900 
5ft 02/25/98 1010700 
5U 09/24/98 1035167 

6 01/29/07 1015550 
Zero 03/1097 99.7958 
514 01/03/07 100-0600 
7ft 02/21/00 111. 0740 
7i h 10/20/97 1025700 
Zero 04/18/97 994639 
6U 08/21/06 1035800 
6(6 01/10/24 1004000 
4% 01/30/02 1010000 

8 03/20/97 100.4575 
5ft 10/17/03 102.1600 
aero 03/07/97 99.8224 
6 04/2098 103.1475 
JVta 02/11/99 99.9100 
5*6 080097 1013000 


Japanese Yen 


182 World Bank 
217EIB 
220 Wdrld Bank 
224 Italy Gass B 
242 EIB 


516 03/20/02 117*1 44500 

5.05 04/2800 107.1636 4.7100 
4ft 06/2000 HIM 4.0400 
5 12/1504 118 42400 

3 09/20/06 1013750 2.9000 


Spanish Peseta 


Swedish Krona 


62 Sweden 1036 1016 05/03001 154890 68800 

64 Sweden 11 01/21/99 111.9360 9.8300 

130 Sweden 6 02/09/05 97.7970 6.1400 

181 Sweden 13 06/15/01 128.7830 1IU0900 

194 Sweden 10M 05/05/03 122.0450 84000 

IIJB. Dollar 

5 Brazil Cap S.L 416 04/1504 857590 57500 

8 Argentina FRN 661 KV29/05 898844 78700 

11 Argentina L 5M 03/31/23 688125 78900 

25 Venezuela 616 12/18/07 888900 78289 

30 Brazil L 616 04/1 5A>6 91.1250 7.1300 

34 Butgarfo 69V 07/28/11 578625114000 

35 Ecuador 3 02/28/15 628103 48100 

47 Venezuela A 6ft 03/31/20 788438 86200 

51 Argentina 11*1 01/3CV17 105.1250 104200 

57 Mexico 1116 05/15/26 112% 10.1900 

58 GMAC 6*4 02/07/02 100.7500 6.7000 

60 Brazil SJZI 616 04/15/24 833750 7.8000 

66 Brazil parZl 5 04/15/24 673750 74200 

M MadCOparB 6M 12/31/19 77.7500 BM00 

71 Bulgaria 6*» 07/28/24 61.0000107600 

77 Deutsche Fin zero 02/12/17 41.8730 44500 

79 Brazil 6(6 01*11/01 983125 64100 

82 Brazil S.L 6ft 04/15/12 822188 7.9800 

83 Mexico par A 6M 12/31/19 77.7500 80400 

88 Osaka Gas TVs 02/07/07 101.2500 7.0400 

91 Ecuador par 314 02/28/25 45J750 7.1600 

95 Mexico D 6352 12/28/19 91.8620 89100 

103 WMd Bonk 568 09/27/99 99.0000 5.7400 

105 Goldman Soda 5.797 02/10/04 99.9900 56000 

109 Argentina 5ft 04/01/01 1283000 4JQ52 

1 10 Argentina L m 031 31/23 834688 7.6400 

lllGegem zero 05/0897 987681 54700 

116 Bulgaria 2M 07/28/12 487500 5.1400 

11 7 Baa Com Ext. 7M 02/02/04 92.7500 7.8200 

118 LM Ericsson 6U 02/12/02 100.7500 87000 

125 Brazil 8L 6ft 04/15/09 85.9363 76400 

126 Mexico 9*i 01/15/07 104.7500 94300 

127 Panama pdl 4 07/17/16 896000 44900 

144 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 95.7500 7.1800 

145 Ecuador 616 02/2835 696000 9.3500 

147 CADES 8359 12/1001 99.7000 5J755 

148 Brazil 8ft 11/05/01 1014750 87100 

149 Poland 4 1037/14 854625 4.7000 

153Kodm 616 02/10/02 1006848 64600 

157 Venezuela B 6ft 0331/20 785625 85900 

161AigenlllN 11 10/09/06 109.7500104200 

162 Brazil 6 09/1 SH 3 77.0000 7.7900 

164 Poland 616 1 Q/27/24 983100 66100 

166 Russia 9U 11/27/01 994000 9J4Q0 

167 Canada 6 ft 08/28/06 1004750 6.6900 

169 Poland par 3 1Q37/24 57.1250 54500 

171 Ontario 7ft 01/27/03 104.1250 74800 

172 Mata) 7ft 08/06/01 1014000 76500 

175 EIB 7Va 09/1806 103.7500 64700 

177 Panama 3Vs 07/17/14 780000 44900 

133 Portugal 5ft I0WD3 912500 5.9700 

185 Mexico B 6% 12/31/19 91.7206 6.9500 

186MadCO 1116 09/15/16 1111610.1900 

188 Ontario 7ft 05*04/02105.7500 73300 

189 Mexico A 6453 12/31/19 914750 74200 

190 World Bank 7*6 01/19/23 1074750 74700 

192 World Bank 470 12/1837 993000 4.7400 

200 Argentina 5ft 09/01/02 11240 44376 

203 Quebec 7 01/30/071003500 89800 

207 Brazil Cbond S.L 4 Vi 04/15/14 853836 53700 


Dutch Guilder 


Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 6 

2 Germany 6ft 

3 Germany 8 

6 Germany 6W 

7 Germany 3(6 

9 Germany 6 In 

ID Germany 5 

12 Germany 8'.i 

13 Germany 5 

14 Germany 8 

15 Germany 6 

16 Germany 7*6 

17 Treuhand 7*6 

19 Treuhand 7ft 

21 Treuhand 6 s * 

22 Germany 5li 

23 Germany 6 

26 Treuhand 7Vs 

27 Germany 5ft 

31 Germany 6ft 

32 Treuhand 6ft 

33 Germany 5ft 

36 Germany 6ft 

37 Gennany 6(6 

38 Gennany 8ft 

39 Germany 7ft 

41 Germany Bft 

43 Treuhand 7ft 

44 Germany 7ft 

45 Germany 8ft 

46 Germany 7 

48 Germany 5ft 

50 Germany 3ft 

52 Germany 9 

53 Germany 6ft 

56 Germany 9 

59 Treuhand 5 

61 Treuhand 6*4 

63 Germany 6 

65 Treuhand aft 

t>7 T rcutrond aft 

70 Treuhand 6 1 ? 

72 Treuhand 6*4 

73 Treuhand 6ft 

75 Gcrmnny 6ft 

To Germany 8ft 

31 Germany aft 

8J Treuhand 6 

0o Germany 6ft 

87 Germany 7 

89 Germany 5ft 

90 Germany 6 

93 Germany 8*1 i 

96 Germany 84 i 


01/04/07 103J000 
5V2606 105.1757 
01/21/02 1154333 
10/14/05 106.9783 
12/18/98 1003100 
05/12/05 1094400 
08/30®) 102.7657 
09/20*01 1155783 
05/21 A) T 1033460 
07/22/02 115.6700 
01/05/06 103.4600 
01/03/05 11Z90 

09/09/04 1134600 
12/02/02 11Z7433 
07/09/03 1087800 
05/15/00 105.9450 
02/16*06 1034260 
01/2943 1115233 
11/21/00 1086100 
01/04/24 985443 
06/11/03 110.1367 
02/21/01 1019250 
12/02/98 105.9700 
07/15*03 1081600 
12/20/00 1164350 
11/11/04 1116800 
02/20*01 llSHt 
10/01/02 1 1 J. 4300 
liWm 1115620 
0020*01 117X600 
01/13/00 108.9300 
00*22/00 105.5800 
09/18*98 1003700 
01/22/01 1174729 
04/22/03 1 09.6425 
1Q/20/00 116X475 
01/14/99 102.9400 
0513/04 1093100 
06/20/16 97.9883 
07/01/99 106J900 
03*26*78 103.1600 
04/23/03 1083800 
03/04/04 106.4213 
07.29/99 1063500 
07/1 S/04 1093700 
07/20/00 1149300 
03*1500 107.6633 
11/1243 105.3017 . 
09,25*99 1074000 
12*22/97 103.1900 
10-20/98 1011300 . 
09/1503 105.7800 . 
0571/01 1154600 : 
08/21/00 1143300 


40 Netherlands 
54 Netherlands 
69 Netherlands 
74 Netherlands 
78 Netherlands 
80 Netherlands 
94 Netherlands 
99 Netherlands 
102 Netherlands 
108 Netherlands 

112 Netherlands 

113 NettMflands 
115 Netherlands 
122 Netherlands 
129 Netherlands 

133 Netherlands 

134 Netherlands 

135 Netherlands 
142 Netherlands 
155 Netherlands 
165 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 
204 Netherlands 
215 Netherlands 
225 Netherlands 

232 Netherlands 

233 Netherlands 
239 Netherlands 


97 Prance OAT 

131 France OAT 

132 Prance OAT 

136 France B.T7LNL 

137 France BTAN 

138 Britain 

139 France OAT 
150UKT-note 
173 France OAT 
180 France OAT 

198 France OAT 

199 France OAT 
205 Italy 


6tt 07/15*98 

6 01/15706 
9 05/15*00 
7Vr 01/75/23 
7*i 03/01/05 
8(6 02/15/00 

7 06/15/05 
6U 11/15/OS 
7V, 04/15*10 
9 01/15*01 
7(5 11/15/99 
8(4 06/15/02 
816 0305*01 
814 09/15*01 
514 09/15/02 

6(6 04/15/03 

7ft 06/15/99 
7 0305*99 
5V 01/1504 
9 07/01/00 
7 02/15/03 
71* 01/15/00 
9(4 11/30/00 
816 06/01/06 
8(4 02/15/02 
8(4 09/154)7 
7(4 10/01/04 
814 02/15/07 


103.9700 

1046000 

115.3500 

D7.30O0 

1143500 

112X0 

111X5 

1097000 

116.9800 

117.1000 
1097500 

117 

11514 

117.9100 

1011000 

100.7500 

108.7000 

107,0300 

104.1000 
1116500 

111X5 

110-8000 

11770 

122.4000 

116ft 

121.8000 

113.0500 

1217000 


7 04/25*06 
7(6 04/25/05 
5 Vs 04/25/07 
6 03/16/01 

5 03/16*99 
9(6 02/21/01 

6 04/25/04 

5 01/26/99 

6*4 04*25*02 
8(4 04/25*22 
9(6 04/25/00 
8 VS 03/15/02 
9(4 03/07/11 


108.9000 

U2.1300 

968750 

1011600 

1018600 

11620 

1038000 

101.5583 

1088000 

120.0000 

115 

115.1000 

1228000 


Finnish Markka 


168 Finland 
219 Finland 


11 01/15/99 11 15780 9.6800 
7(4 04/18/06 1098140 6.6200 


109 Argentina 
llOAryenflna L 
lllGegem 

116 Bulgaria 

117 Ba Oam Ext. 

118 LM Ericsson 

125 Brazil S.L 

126 Mexico 

127 Panama pdl 

144 Italy 

145 Ecuador 

147 CADES 

148 Brazil 

149 Poland 
153Kextm 

157 Venezuela B 

161 Argentina 

162 Brazil 
164 Poland 
166 Russia 
167 Canada 
169 Poland par 

171 Ontario 

172 Mexico 
175 EIB 
177 Panama 
133 Portugal 

1 85 Mexico B 

186 Mexico 
188 Ontario 
IS9Mexka A 
190 World Bank 
192 World Bank 
200 Argentina 
203 Quebec 


French Franc 

1 20 France B. TAN. 4ft 10/12/90 101.7600 442 00 
151 France B.TAN. 5(6 1 OH 2/01 104.7700 57500 


184 Austria 
193 Fiance QAT 
212 France BTAN 

Italian Lira 


5Y6 01/1 MW 1027500 58500 
6*6 1Q/2JTO6 108.1200 68100 
7 11/12/99 108.4900 64500 


7U 09/15/01 105.1600 78700 
7 02/12/07 998250 78300 


208 Sweden 
210Conado 
216 Mexico 

221 Italy 

222 Mydfa Trust 

227 World Bank 

228 Argentina 


5-387 02/08/01 99.9900 58900 
6*9 07/21 A15 988000 64700 
94* 02/06/01 105.6250 9-2300 
7 09/184)1 1028500 68500 
6Vu 09/15/07 888449 78441 
Wfc 02/01/99 1048750 98700 
5846 12/28*99 368438 158228 


229 Cognrtn Pub Co 2ft 02/12/07 998889 25028 


230 Canada 
235 Salde Mae 
241 Ecuador 
244 Canada 

246 Venezuela 6A 

247 Nigeria 

249 Mexico 

250 World Bank 


6V6 05/30*01 101.1250 6.4300 
416 08/02/99 968750 4.6700 
3 02/28/15 67.1900 44600 
6(6 05/30/00 1018750 64100 
6% 03/18*07 918438 78500 
6(6 11/15*20 697500 8.9600 
7898 03/3008 99.1250 74637 
zero 00*11/99 888000 68800 


The Week Ahead! World Economic Calendar, Feb. 17-21 

A .V th<s iwo* 5 ixxvuxnx: jnJ fnsn&al events, aynpten tor tno tnmnationat Horatd Tribute by Bloomberg Business Nows. 


Asia-Pacific 

Expected Geelong, Australia: The Australian 
This Week International Airshow: Down Under 
’97 at Avalon Airport. Participants 
include McDonnell Douglas Corp-. 
Boeing Co. and AlliedSignal Inc. 


Monday 
Feb. 17 


Tuesday 
Feb. 18 


Tokyo: The Finance Ministry may 
release merchandise trade figures 
for January. The Ministry of Inter- 
national Trade and Industry is to 
release revised figures on industrial 
production in December 


Tokyo: The Bank of Japan releases 
figures for money supply in January. 
The Economic Planning Agency re- 
leases data on household spending 
for December and 1996. 


Wednesday Bangkok: Jones Lang Wooton 
Feb. 19 holds a conference. "Bangkok Prop- 
erty Outlook 1997." 

Tokyo; The Ministry of Finance re- 
leases merchandise trade figures 
for January. 


Thursday Tokyo; Japan Chamber of Com- 

Feb. 20 m erce and Industry Chairman 

Kosaku Inabe holds press confer- 
ence. 

Earnings expected: Asahi Brew- 
eries Ltd., Kirin Brewery Co., Qan- 
tas Airways Ltd. 

Friday Sydney: John Fairfax Holdings Ud. 

Feb. 21 hoWs shareholders' meeting to vote 
on Brierley investments Ltd.'s pro- 
posal to increase Its stake in the 
company. 


Europe 

Budapest: EuroForum has orga- 
nized a two-day conference, Private 
Pensions in Central Europe, at the 
Atrium Hyatt Hotel starting Tuesday, 
Feb. 18. 


Helsinki: Finland releases Decem- 
ber industrial output figures. 
Madrid; Telefonica de Espana SA 
sets final share price for the gov- 
ernment’s sale of its remaining 21 
percent in the company. 


Madrid: The National Statistics in- 
stitute releases December industrial 
production numbers. 

Zurich: Ciba Specialty Chemicals 
AG gives details on its share listing 
and initial public offering. 


Copenhagen: Denmark's Automo- 
bile Importers' Association releases 
January new car sales. 

Earnings expected: Astra AB, Mo 
& Domsjoe AB, Volvo AB. WPP 
Group PLC. 


Frankfurt: Bundesbank policy-mak- 
ing council meets. 

Stockholm: January consumer 
price figures. 


London: Office of National Statis- 
tics releases fourth-quarter British 
output, production and expenditure 
figures. 

Earnings expected: Puma AG, Half- 
track PuC, Union Bank of Switzer- 
land. 


Americas 

Buenos Aires: President Carlos 
Saul Menem of Argentina and 50 
business executives travel to Viet- 
nam, Thailand and Singapore to ex- 
pand trade and investment ties. 
Ottawa: Prime Minister Vaclav 
Klaus of the Czech Republic visits 
Canada. 

Ottawa: Canada reports December 
survey of manufacturing. 

Sao Paulo: The institute for Eco- 
nomic Research to release the in- 
flation rate for the 30 days ending 
Feb. 7. 


Mexico City: Mexico’s central bank 
releases the nation's foreign-re- 
serve levels. 

New York: Johnson Redbook re- 
search sen/ice releases its weekly 
survey of total sales at more than 
20 U.S. retailers. 

Mexico City: Finance Ministry re- 
leases fourth-quarter and 1996 
gross domestic product growth rate. 
Sao Paulo: The Brazilian Associ- 
ation of Coffee Exporters to release 
its first estimate of the 1997-1998 
coffee crop. 

Philadelphia: The Philadelphia Fed- 
eral Reserve Bank releases Its 
monthly survey of area manufac- 
turers for February. 

Washington: The Commerce De- 
partment releases January housing 
starts. 

Mexico City: January’s unemploy- 
ment rate. 

Ottawa: Canada reports January 
consumer price index 


. Amount 

Issuer QnflUoos) Mot 

Floating Rate Notes 

Bayerisdia Hypotheken und SI 75 2002 

Wechsel Bank 


Coup. Price 

% Price end 
week 


Vtt 99-90 — Over:HTiCTrtti Ufisor. NoncaflaNe. Fees 075%. (Bardays W Zorte WaddJ 


$300 2004 


19T 5pdn 10W UV3CVQ3 1238600 85300 

195 Spain 880 04/3006 114.9530 7.6600 

223 Spain 1010 02/28*01 115.7610 8.7200 

248 Spain 9.90 KV31/9S 107.1540 98400 


Citicorp Credit Card Master $750 
Trust 


Credit Suisse Financial 
Products 

Fakus Bank 


Fu{i Finance 

Nordbanken 

Compagnie Bancaire 
Westpoc Banking 

Citicorp 

Merrill Lynch & Co. 
Turquoise Funding 

Fixed-Coupons 

Abbey National Treasury 

Services 


Bayerische Hypoltaeken und $250 

Wechsel Bank 

BGB Finance Ireland S250 


$100 perpt 


DM750 2002 
£250 20(5" 


Vtt. 9979 — Owr3nnion1tilJiOT.Caflablcal porta 2001. 1^ OJ O 1 ^ (CWlKmK InTO 

ail 5 99.956 — Ovw Smooth Ubor.AwraueBfe 12 yBdis, Fees 0459b. (Gaktrnan SacSxi WU 

"sTm perpt 5 99.635 — interest win be « over 3-mantn Ubwur«20a7.iidvmfc^lse<aw>teatpor,lliei«oltarlll 

over. Few 075%. Dar omta ntlore: 110000. (CS Rrs BostonJ 

SI 00 pefpt 0.70 99.795 — mien^wflJ be d/U over UlWurBAIOR Iss^bCtHkajtoaJpor. mowrfliir 1^5 

aw. FBes not dlldosed. (Sotomcn Brattten fnfU 

~S350 perpt 0.90 )00.00 — Interest wfflbe’ojn aw 6montti Ubor until 2002. when Issue Is eaSoble at pas menatarlMt 

over. Fees 0.75%. Dwwxn t nnllons SXVO00. (GoMmon Soctis Intll 

V, loo.oo infamst w« be <6 over 3-irwtti Ubor until 20W. wtwn tssue is cnfloble c4 pot toereuBerZ ovet 

Fees 045%. (CS Hret BostonJ 


0.10 99.95 
Ubor 99.959 


— Ow34nontfi Ubor. NoncaBBWt Fees 0.15%. (Deutsche (Morgen GrenWU 


ITL200000 2000 085 100.00 — 


ITL300000 1999 

Y30.000 200T 


0.05 100.00 
0.05 loaoo 


Merest wH be tae Jraanm Ubor. NanoaHUe. Fees 0.125%. DenominatloniEioiuna. [HSBC 
MartoftJ 

Over 3-montti Ubor. Reoriered at 9995. NancnDabte. Fees 0.15%. (Cretfto tX8anaJ 
Over3-m«im LAor.Nanadlobie. Feu 0.10%. (CredBo MSanaJ 

Overl-monBi Ubor. NoncaBoMe. Fees 080% Dencmewflonal 00 MBan yea tGoWwanSodw 

Inru 


□tra Marga Nusphala 
Persada 


Credit Local de France 
Federal Home Loan 

Mortgage Carp. 

Rnnfeh Export Credit 
Rip Bank 

General Electric CapflaT 
Carp. 

Kommuranvest 


Rabobank Nederland 
Seats Roebuck Acceptance 
Splntab 

State Bank of New South 
Wales 

WestLB Finance 
Bayerische Vereinsbank 
First A usWon Bank 
Siemens Coordination Center 

Sodete Generate 

Toyota Motor Credit Corp. 
Turkiye Halk Bank 
Union Bankof Switzerland 


6 99.95 100.12 NoneaHable. Fees 0.125% WMcoEurepeJ 

6 101.175 100.07 Reoftereti at 10020. NonasIteWe. Fowl (SBC WorburpJ 

7 Vb 99871 100.00 Nomsitabie.Feesa5re»(Salamon Bremen Inti) 

6V0 101842 10087 Reoffered at 100867. NonafltaWe. Fees (Moraan Stanley Ml) 

7% 99.182 — Nancafloble. Fees not iSsdassd. (Paegrine Find InoomaJ ~ 

7% 99707 100.00 Seniiannuafiy. NancaSaUe. Foe not dfadasod. (J.P. Mwgon SecurfitaU 
8% 99884 10088 SentomwoBy. N wicottaWe. Fres (fl*dos«L U.F. Monjan SacurtaesJ 
6Vi 99S78 100.10 NancoUable. Fees 080% (NonwrolnlTJ 

6.70 100878 — SemtamvaBy. Noocotlobte. Fea* 0825% Denomtamons I1A000. (Nonrnra IntU 


588 100.00 - 

780 10080 — 

6(4 ”102.045 10a7T 

6% 9980 
TVs 99825 
6 100.92 9980 


SflmkmmraBy. NancoUable privata ptocenwd. Fees 170%. DananinaMons SI 0000. {New 
Japan Securtnesj 

Merest will to 780% unfl 2002. when issue Is caUnW* « pan mereaflsr 240 wrerd-monHi 
Ubor. Feos 0.75%. Denomfnatkms SI OOCXL (GoMman Sachs ML) 

Nonas labia. Fungible wflh ouTstandtog Issufc Mskig MM araawit to S3S0 minion. Fees MWL 
(SBCWorburyJ 

Noncallabieprtvato ptacemant. Fees 0.1 0%. DononttwOons $100008 Ortwo EurapeJ 
Samhumuaay. Nancaflable. Fees 075%. DenofnbMdlorat STOOOO. (Banker BostonJ 
Reafferedre9982.NaR0all0btanetlM%rSBCVWiibur8J 


701X21 10020 NonatfcMe. Fees 1 Wh. U.P. Morpon SecurtfiriJ 
614 101884 100.10 Rooflered at 997IM. Nancaflable. Fees l ta% (HSBC MarkdsJ - 


DM300 2007 


581 100.00 — 5mnlannuq»V. NoncatlBbte prtvota plo«ment. Fees rx* disclosed. Denomfcvntara 510080a 

CJ.P. Moroon Securtttev) 

”~6 10072 99.60 Rooflered at 9971 NonoaODbla. Fees 1W% (Wood GundyJ 

~~6 102.02 100.60 RaoHered 0199.92. NancalaUe. Fees 2M% (BayodsciieVeralnsbonkJ 

— 6 10)87 — Rwflered<d99J7. NoncaiobJe.Fees2M%(MenflL)indi)fmj 

516 100835 99.10 ReoflaredatfS-Tik NoncoMde. Issue wH be redenominated ta euros afkar EMU and baaxnT 
(ungtale wfltr the French tame and gUDder Issues Sited below. Fees 2W% CJJ. Morgm 
SeourflosJ 

6 101.9 10180 Reofftred at 99JJ9, NancoUable. Issue wffl be redenaminaied In euros afler EMU. Fees 2W5>. 

(SadataGenerotej 


101.9 10180 


DM500 2001 4% 10182 9980 Reaflerad at 9987. NoncaSable. Foes 214% (Deutsche Maroon GrenfeHJ 


DM250 2002 


— Reoflered at par. Noncollobie. Fees 2Wlb. (UBSJ 


DM350 2007 5^ 101.015 9980 Reotteed at 98865. Noacnlloble. Fees 2W% (UBSJ 


Federal National Mortgage £1800 2002 6ft 99821 — 

Assodatfon 

Abbey National Treasury FFZ00Q 2M9 5M 101878 10085 

Services 

Alcatel Atethom FRJOO M07 5ft 100.798 9985 

Siemens Qronfination Center FFZ500 2007 5V5 100835 9985 


— Reaftared aT9986.NonaAable. Fees TW%(ABN AMRO HoareGaveltJ 

— Sendanm1any.Nancallable.Fee9 025%. (Barclays de Zoete WeddJ 


FF2.000 2009 5ft 101878 10085 Reoflend at 99478. NanaSabie. Ffees 3% (Marean Stanley innj 

"FFliSOO 2007 5ft 100.798 99.85 Reoffered <rt 99.1 73. Norraflabla. Fees 2%. (ABN AMRO HoareGoveft) 


RwrffofKlatV9.lt NoncaSable. Issue win be radmaailnated In euros after EMU and bacaav 
(ungtatewWi it* mark and guMor Issues Bsted above and below. Fees 2% Denominations 
100000 tanas. UJ>. Matpan ScwnWesJ 


Sodete Generate 
BGB Finance Ireland 
Rabobank Nederland 


FF1800 2007 6 10086 1018 

ITL30a000 2002 640 10147 998( 

ITLIOaaOO M07 10 101ft ” 


6 100-56 10182 WoncaUable. Issue wflf be redeno mi nated In etnas after EMU. Fees 040% (Sedate GawoteJ 

6.40 10147 9980 Nancaflable. Fees OMU 

~10 101ft = treerest tie be 10% untfi 2000, Mien Issue b caflabte at par, Itwreafler 19Wk. tees twice 

manta Ubor. NanooUaUe. Fungible with outstanding issue, raising total amount fa 350 bBton * 
Are. Fees 2%. (Oedlta RaHanoJ 


DF200 2003 4ft 101.15 9970 Reofftared at 99A Nanadlable. Fees 1W& (Rabobank lnrtj 


Siemens Coordination Center DF500 2007 5ft 100.835 9940 Rooflered at 9871. NoneaHable. Issue Ml be redenominated in euras after Emu and become 

taffffcte wflft me mmk and French franc Issues ttsred above, ftes 2%. UP. Marptm 
Secutaesj 

ECU! 00 2000 5 101895 10180 Nancaflable. Fungible wimoutstandbi!)tasu& ratsino total amount to 300 mHton Ecus. Fees " 

070%(UB5J 

ECU) 00 2007 8ft lOTft — Mart wfl be 8U% unN 200a wtien issue is cuflabte at par. thereafter 1(K less twice tae6- _ 

manta Ubor. Reottand or 99*. Fees 3% (Morgan Stadey mnj 

SAR500 2007 zero 28.00 — Yield 1348% Non arttable. Proceeds 138 mMon rand. Feeslft% (Hamfares BanU ' 

AUS$T50 2000 6ft 10082 9985 Nancaflable. Fees 1 W% (Hantbms BanU ’ 

A US$200 2002 ~7 101ft 9945 Nancaflable Fees 3% (A0N AMRO BoareGorettJ ' 

"m000 2002 180 10080 — tntBrvstvril l stepiip ,^ year, tg 1^2.15% 280% reM 340% 

" UP " DmomtaoiloRslU 

muon yen. (Sonwo Inti J 


Abbey National Treasury 
Services 

European Bank for 
Reconstruction & 
Development 

Inti Finance Corp. 

National Australia Bank 

*Toyotn Motor Finance 
Australia 

NafWest Markets Ausfraffd" 


Equity-Linked 


FF2800 2002 open 10080 — 


Cww « rtlb>8 "*&*** shores at on expected 13 to Id* 
prreehun-Fbes21Wk Terms to be set Fab. IT. (Letiman Sroflwrs InHJ 


Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Slock Indexes 


Money Rates 


Eurobond Yields 


United 5iel 
DJ Indus. 
DJUKL 
DJ Turns. 
S&P100 
S&P500 
SAP End 
NYSE Cp 


Prime rate 
Federo! funds rata 


Cafl money 
34nareh bdertxmk 


Bank base rate 
CaUnanav 
34WMti Interbank 


Feb.14 Feb.7 SbCtifre 

&9B8J6 685773 4-1.91 

7SLOS 23080 +047 

2J59J5 2«1J0 +1^ 

78789 77281 +179 

00648 78954 +240 

94225 921t3 +2 07 

42348 41&JS +283 

1J67.19 1,33173 +045 

1672100 1786784 +479 

484L00 430740 +077 

621430 610174 +144 

240742 659742 + 1.15 


§3S sss^onk .as in 

*gP »«!»««« ^ Fe.7%0^. 

84472 82475 +142 London pJMfcJ 34240 339.75 +078 

HbrWflnfcsr ftam Marpoo stank# CanM WT 


refc,M F*1 TTUta YriM 


Japan 
N6ke(225 
Britain 
FT5E 100 
Canada 
TSE Indus. 
Fromfl 
CAC40 


urterventtanrata 
Cob money 
XnareflWBJbra* 


Weekly Sales fau 

Primary Market 

CMN Bk EarocMT ~~~ 

S IMM s me*. 
Straights 4264 6740 05827 «342 

g«*M. 216 - 9660 - 

FRHs 4562 3928 8834) 7841 

ECP ia9»j 67361 108474 11^2 
Total 11,8877 68014 16779J 1&082J 
Secondary Market 


S Hast S tart 

«taWil»2!W2941 W«3S 81,1162 awl-8 

Convert. M12J U027 4569.1 1.7W4 
FR1W 1&3954 49609 58,7763 M»4 
ECP 147563 146990 207194 25,1«^ 
Total 567943 41,159.1168,1810) 61.7614 
Source: Eamekar. CHW Book. 


Libor Rates 

UIS.S U £X* iHeortB XMesrii \*m 

Kisssfflf a * g sr*“ » s £ 


U^.1 tarwteroi 
UAJ,m*n tarot 
Ui-S. short Wrm 
Pounds sterling 
French fames 

mean Dre 
Danish kroner 
Swaflsh kranar 

initials, 

CotlS 

Aus.6 

NZ.S 

Yen 


670 675 
620 62fi 
60» 609 
7.19 777 
467 485 
Ml 7.14 
5M 546 
549 5.12 
5.90 699 
478 489 
681 576 
770 772 
762 741 
1.71 171 


679 453 
643 610 
6.13 601 
742 7.19 
478 467 
U 5 499 
572 544 
5.19 462 
419 690 

604 478 

600 680 
771 7.11 
774 7.19 
174 171 



























































































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


RAGE 15 




SHORT COVER 


R«cord Australian Gold Output Fidelity Seeks Ways to Stem Manager Turnover 

«| A ^Si, S g g0 , 5 ™ t £L I f a ™?°" i 292 

^ consuiranr said Sunday 8 percent, an industry 


consultant said Sunday 

ga-gs ^ laa 

exist^P ^ as d J* c 10 Wgher output from many 

existing operations and to the commissioning of nine new 
primary gold producers. Ms. Close said. 8 m 

Telefonica Offer Oversubscribed 

ipKsr 0[ 4 L^ 8 r^ 

Sl The'SH^" 9 ^ 16 ? a 8 enc y Efe reported^uuda^ 
nriS^h^ d S^?° d of -S e share sate ended Friday and thefinal 
price that investors will pay will be announced Monday The 
share price will not exceed the 3385 pesetas ($23*70 imu£ 

* Investcorp’s Net Rises 28.6% 

M ANA MA (Reuters) — Investcorp, an international invest- 
iSJ? Sunda y its net profit for 1996 rose 28.6 percent, 
to a record $90.4 million, up from $703 million in 1995: 
e _? lv ®?ff or P sa j^ its board of directors had recommended a 
530 million cash dividend to shareholders for 1996. up 100 
percent from 1995. 

“Our success in 1996 was a direct consequence of the strong 
foundations, the high professional standards and the corporate 
values on which Investcorp is built,” said investcorp’s pres- 
ident and chief executive officer. Nemir Kirdar. 


By Carole Gould 

New York Times Sm-ice 

NEW YORK — Every lime a mutual 
fund manager (eaves FMR Corp.’s Fi- 
delity Investments, a game of musical 
chairs ensues. The departing manager's 
seat must be filled, generally by the 
manager of another fund, who then must 
be replaced, and so on. 

Well aware of investor frustration 
with the turnover. Fidelity, which is 
privately held, responded last week by 
saying it would create a new class of its 
shares — preferred stock with yields 
above the maricer average — to “attract, 
retain, compensate and motivate qual- 
ified employees.” 

Whether or not the move stems die 
turnover, not everyone is worried about 
the rapid pace of change at Fidelity. 

Jack Bowers, who edits Fidelity Mon- 
itor, an independent newsletter in Rock- 
lin. California, says in its February issue 
that die turnover has been more of a 
public relations problem than a perfor- 
mance problem for the company. 

Even though competitors flush with 
cash are luring away Fidelity managers, 
the company employs almost 500 re- 


searchers, analysis and managers to help 
fill vacancies when they arise. Mr. 
Bowers said. 

True, Fidelity is giving its best man- 
agers multiple assignments. 

George Vanderheiden is picking 
stocks for six funds, and Bettina Doulton 
for four funds. But In each case, the 
managers' portfolios hold similar 
groups of stocks. Mr. Bowers wrote. 

The overriding issue for investors re- 
mains whether manager turnover has had 
a significant bearing on long-term per- 
formance. To find out, Mr. Bowers ex- 
amined a number of Fidelity's domestic 
stock funds — in the growth, growth- 
and-income and specialized categories 
— with at least five years of performance 
data. He grouped them by the number of 
managers they had had over the last five 
years, then calculated the average five- 
year return for those with one, two. three 
four or five managers. 

Mr. Bowers found no significant cor- 
relation between how well a fund per- 
formed and how often its manager 
changed. The numbers suggest that fre- 
quent changes have not been a drag on 
performance, he wrote. 

He said Contrafund, which has had 


one manager and an average 18.2 per- 
cent annual return "may have been easi- 
er on the nerves over the last five years." 
But Value, which has had five managers 
and an 1 8.9 percent annual return, “was 
just as good a performer 

The explanation. Mr. Bowers said, 
was that Fidelity's managers are backed 
by a big pool of stock analysis and 
researchers, and managers often do their 
research in groups. Moreover, research 
is shared internally. 

But good research does not guarantee 
good performance, he noted. Lately, the 
stock market has favored large -capit- 
alization stocks and ignored Fidelity's 
favorites — smaller stocks. 

■ Fidelity Shifts Six Managers 

Fidelity said it would change the man- 
agers of six “sector” mutual funds as 
part of an effort to expose them to dif- 
ferent industries, Bloomberg News re- 
ported from Boston. 

Fidelity markets more than 35 “sec- 
tor" funds that concentrate their assets 
in one industry. Fidelity said it rotated 
the assignments of its sector fund man- 
agers periodically to expose them to 
different industries and market sectors. 


It’s All the Same 

Fidelity funds in tire growth, growth-and-income and 
select groups do not appear to have been dragged down 
by manager turnover. Here is the average performance 
of these funds, based on the number of managers they 
have had over the last five years. 

Managers in Average 

the last annualized 

5 years Number of funds return 



Source: Frdetty Monitor 


The Nrift Yml T imrs 


"i*r 

fr i 


Seoul’s Trade DeficitRises 165% GR0Wt Unilever ’ s Plans Win Market Approval 


SEOUL (Bloomberg) — South Korea’s current account Continued from Page 11 
defi cit su rged 165 percent last year, raising expectations the 
government will continue to slow economic growth to curb 
imports. According to preliminary central bank figures, the 
deficit reached $23.7 billion, in line with economic forecasts. 


^BT to Seek Approval to Buy Cellnet 

LONDON (Bloomberg) — British Teleco mmunicati ons 
PLC said Sunday it could seek the British government's 
clearance to take full control of Cellnet Ltd., the mobile 
telephone operator it owns with Securicor Group PLC. after 
the forthcoming general election. 

“There is a possibility that we would bid for the stake after 
the election, if the price is right,” said a spokesman for BT, 
Robert Dunnett. 

Romania to Privatize 70 Companies 

BUCHAREST (Bridge News) — Nearly 70 Romanian 
state-owned companies, including the national electricity and 
railroad utilities, oil refineries, fanning machines, the state 
radio and television networks, will be privatized as part of the 
government's effort to raise money for revamping the econ- 
omy this year. 

The list of companies to be sold was released Saturday by 
% Prime Minister Victor Ciorbea, who warned that the pri- 
vatizations would entail about 90,000 layoffs. 

Waigel Optimistic on Tax Reform 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — Germany’s finance minister, 
Theo Waigel, said Sunday tv was optimistic that an agreement 
could be reached on a planned major reform of Germany's tax 
system during talks with opposition politicians later this 
month. 

Mr. Waigel was quoted in the Welt am Sonntag newspaper 
as saying he was confident of “an agreement by the middle of 
this year on the flirt part of the reform for Jan. 1, 1998.” 


Unilever that its stock sells at a 
modest price-to- sales ratio. By 
this measure, which divides an 
equity's price by the com- 
pany's sales per share , Uni- 
lever is trading at roughly 1. 
Direct competitors like Procter 
& Gamble Co„ Colgate-Pal- 
molive Co. and HJ. Heinz Co. 
are trading at ratios of 2.43. 
1.82 and 1.74, respectively. 

Then there are Mr. 
FitzGerald’s plans to refur- 
bish or sell a variety of other 
businesses, mostly in the food 
area, that have been under- 
performing. Those divisions 


account for an additional 20 
percent or so of the com- 
pany's revenues. 

TYue, the sales announced 
last week are expected to 
leave Unilever with perhaps 
$3 billion in cash once it has 
paid down debt, and that has 
set off speculation among in- 
vestors that Unilever might 
begin a big takeover. Poten- 
tial targets were said to in- 
clude CPC International Inc„ 
Tambrands Inc. and Heinz. 

Analysts said, however, 
that they doubted such a 
move. Edwin Platt of the 
Dreyfus Fund, whose largest 
shareholding is Unilever, 


said, “They seem to be on a 
roll here and I don *t think they 
want to do anything to disrupt 
that with a big acquisition.' 

Moreover, under Mr. 
FitzGerald, Unilever has 
already undergone substan- 
tial change, from a giant with 
57 different product categor- 
ies in 1993 to 14 now. Still, 
Unilever produces a daunting 
array of goods, including 
Upton tea. Breyer’s ice 
cream. Vaseline skin lotions, 
I Can’t Believe it's Not Butter 
margarine, and cosmetics and 
fragrances under the Helene 
Curtis and Elizabeth Arden 
names. 


MONEY: Launderers Prosper in Eastern Europe 


Continued from Page 11 

Centra] bankers in the re- 
gion are still reluctant to force 
commercial banks to scruti- 
nize suspicious transactions. 

“They don’t see it as good 
for the system as a whole, but 
as an intrusion,” Mr. Harfield 
said. 

Not all money laundering 
goes through banks. Most re- 
gional stock exchanges accept 
cash settlements. Manipulat- 


ing real estate prices is an- 
other way to launder money. 

The Czech Republic has 
passed some of the region's 
toughest laws but lacks en- 
forcement. Along with Slov- 
akia. in particular, it is ideally 
situated for money launder- 
ing. lying between Russia and 
Ukraine in the East and the 
more sophisticated West 
European banking systems. 

“It's a perfect conduit to 
get money into the system and' 


then launder it into the West,” 
said Michael Carlton, an ac- 
countant at Ernst & Young. 
“In Slovakia you have an- 
onymous accounts. It's a 
money laundercr's heaven.” 

“The fraudster will find 
the weakest link in any 
chain,” said Martyn Bridges, 
a money laundering specialist 
at the accounting firm De 
loitte ot Touche, “and for the 
moment Central and Eastern 
Europe is the weakest link.” 


U.S. Bond Rally Looks So Good 
That Even Bears Are Buying 


Cm^rd b) Om Stiff Fmm pu/»A.-hfi 

NEW YORK — Bond prices have risen so 
far so fast that even the bears are becoming 
buyers, and prices are expected to extend 
their gains inis week, although the market 
may need to take a breather fust 

Yields on 30-year Treasury bonds 
dropped nearly 40 basis points in the last 
three weeks. On Friday, bonds got a boost 
from a report showing a drop in producer 
prices for the first time since October 1994. 
Hie benchmark 30-year yield finished die 
week at 6-52 percent, down from 6.72 per- 
cent last week. 

“Our feeling is you've come a long way 
in a fairly short period of time.” said Alex 
Powers, a fund manager at US Trust Co. 
‘ ‘We wouldn't be surprised to see a little bit 
of a pullback in the near term.” 

The bond market managed to rally even 
though the demand at the Treasury's 3 
refunding auctions ranged from mediocre at 
the 3-year sale to outright weak at the 10- 
and 30-year sales. But investors who 
avoided the auctions proved willing to buy 
the paper in the secondary market, and all 3 
new issues, rotating $39.75 billion, are now 
trading at a profit 

But Ted Ake, head of government trad- 
ing at Everen Securities, said Treasury bond 
yields had got to levels where investors 
were reluctant to buy. He said he doubted. 


though, that that reluctance would translate 
into any big decline in prices. 

“Domestic accounts are still looking to 
take some profits and maybe reload at better 
levels," Mr. Ake said. “Foreign accounts 
still seem to have cash and like our market, 
and will use downticks io buy.” 

He said that talk of a 6.25 percent bond 
yield seemed optimistic, but added that the 

US. C3KEPIT MARKETS 

market had “already gone farther than I 
thought it would.” 

Mr. Powers of US Trust said the bond 
market probably needed to see more ev- 
idence of economic weakness before it goes 
still higher. He said he expected that weak- 
ness to start showing up in the second 
quarter, and noted that second-quarter 
growth was robust last year, which means 
this year's statistics may suffer by com- 
parison. 

That has set the stage for additional gains 
next week, especially if Wednesday's con- 
sumer price report for January shows a 0.3 
percent increase as expected. 

“As long as we aren't seeing an uptick in 
inflation, there isn't any reason the market 
has to back up,” said Dave Capurro of 
Franklin Templeton Group in San Mateo, 
California. ( Bloomberg . Bridge News} 


Why he can look forward to living twice as long 
as he would have a century ago. 



Today, no one thinks twice 
about somebody living to the 
ripe old age of 80. A hundred 
years ago, however; it was a may. 

With improvements in water 
quality, nutrition and hygiene, 
life expectancy began to rise. But 
the biggest strides came near the 


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diseases. 


Hoecbst bos contributed 
to modem medicine 
for over a century . 


i * 

was there, joining forces with 
leading scientific researchers like 
Robert Koch, Emil von Behring 
and Paul Ehrlich. The discover- 
ies of these Nobel Prize-winning 
scientists initialed the age of 
bacteriology, immunology and 
chemotherapy. 

Hoecbst pioneered the devel- 
opment of tuberculin, insulin, 

4 and annVrim for diphtheria and 




Hoecbst is an 


in r iftintidT g r o up of companies spearheading innovation in health care, agriculture and chemicals. With a staff of 160,000 people worldwide, annual sales total DM 52 billion. 







tetanus, as well as antibiotics to 
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mention important medications 
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At Hoecbst, we’re proud of 
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killers threaten us today. 

Which is why our pharmaceu- 
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If history is any indication, 
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RAGE 2 






PAGE 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


Shakeout in Japan Oil Industry? 

Mitsubishi and Showa Shell Study Refinery Merger 


Call for More Aid to East Germany 


} 


r: 

■' *- 

»■ t** 




JSb 


TOKYO — Mitsubishi Oil Co. said 
Sunday it was considering a merger of its 
refining divisions with Showa Shell 
Sekiyu KK, a move that would create 
Japan's hugest refinery company. 

In a brief statement. Mitsubishi Oil 
said it was studying the possibility of a 
merger as a way to streamline its busi- 
ness operations. It gave no details. 

The merger, if completed, would cre- 
ate a company with an oil-refining ca- 
pacity surpassing that of the current 
leader. Nippon Oil Co. 

. The statement by Mitsubishi Oil 
comes as the first sign of a shakeout in 
the Japanese oil industry since the gov- 
ernment lifted a ban on imports of re- 
fined petroleum products — such as 
gasoline and airplane fuel — last April. 

The Nihon Keizai reported that the 
two companies planned to combine their 
eight refineries into a single entity by 
1998. Their soles divisions will remain 
independent, the newspaper said. “The 
relevant departments are in the process 
of studying that as one possibility.” Mit- 
subishi Oil said of rhe report. 


Separately, the chairman of Mit- 
subishi Oil Co. hinted that he might 
resign over the company's involvement 
in oil deals at the center of a bribery 
scandal. 

“I can't make the decision to resign 
on my own, but I think it is necessary,” 
the chairman, Kikuo Yamada, said in an 
interview with the Yomiuri Shimbun. 

Mr. Yamada has come under fire from 
other Mitsubishi officials oyer a series of 
oil-product deals with Mitsui Mining 
Co. that were brokered by an oil whole- 
saler Junichi Izui, the newspaper said. 

Mr. Izui was indicted in November on 
charges of evading 330 million yen in 
income tax on commissions from 1992 
to 1994. He and two former executives 
of Mitsubishi Oil and Mitsui Mining 
were arrested in January on fraud 
charges. 

Mr. Yamada and other officials at 
Mitsubishi Oil were not immediately 
available to comment on the report. 

t Bloomberg . Renters) 

■ Mobil in Joint Shipping Venture 

Mobil Shipping and Transportation 


Co. and Dubai Investments announced 


tor Mobil Loro., tne Reuters news ser- 
vice reported from Dubai. 

Mobil Shipping is a unit of Mobil 
Oil. 

The partnei-s said the venture, called 
Dubai Mobil Shipping Co. had pur- 
chased a double-bull -crude earner for 
$85 million, financed in equal parts by 
equity and a December ILS bond issue. 

“It is the first joint venture between 
Dubai Investments and Mobil. But T 
believe there are many to come,’ 7 said 
Anis Jallaf, Dubai Investments’ chief. 

The 300,000-toa ship, which can 
carry 22 million barrels of oil, was built 
by Sumitomo Corp. It is - the new com- 
pany's only asset to date and was pre- 
viously owned by Mobil. The joint ven- 
ture provides that the ship, called The 
Eagle, will be leased back to Mobil. 

Dubai Investments, a Gulf investment 
company, was established in 1 995 with a 
capital of $355 million and a United 
Arab Emirates investor base of 32,000 
shareholders. 


Bloomberg News 

BERLIN — As subsidized construc- 
tion programs wind down in Eastern 
Germany, a recession this year cannot 
be ruled out, a leading German re- 
search institute has warned. 

“Most of the programs for building 
owners are now expiring, but the hand- 
off to other industries wasn’t success- 
ful,” Lutz Hoffmann, president of the 
DIW institute, said in an interview with 
the newspaper Welt am Sonntag. 

■ Germany must increase its public 
investment in both Eastern and West- 
ern Germany to give the economy a 
boost, Mr. Hoffmann said, adding that 
be thought overall public investment 
needed to be bolstered by about 20 
billion Deutsche marks ($11.9 bib- 
lion). ' 


While that may pose a problem for 
the government as it seeks to cut spend- 
ing. to qualify for European economic 
and monetary union in 1 999, Mr. Hoff- 
mann said currency union would not 
necessarily have to be postponed to 
support the Eastern states. 

. • . ‘‘The Maastricht Treaty is not as : 
strict as is often maintained,” he said. 

He added that there was room for 
interpretation in the criteria for public 
debt- ’ 

Bonn is trying to do too much by 
oinking to a strict interpretation of 
. single-currency criteria while trying to 
reunify Eastern Germany, cut public : 
spending, and reform taxes, he said. 

. It wril be more expensive to deal 
with the costs of high unemployment 
later on, he said. 


In January about 1.3* million ■ 
mans in the East were without a ion - - 
18.7 percent of the working pnwtia- ? 
tion. The percentage rose trom • i 
percent in December as bad wc.ilher . 
halted construction activity. In ail ot * 
Germany, a record 4.65 million people 
were unemployed in January, or . 

percent of *c work force. , 

Since reunification, the goveramcni. 
has invested more than I trillion DM in ; 
rebuilding the Eastern states, with , 
about 200 billion DM flowing irom the * 
West to the East each year, welt am 

S °Sfr. a |f^ri3nn .-aid talk of owing ; 
subsidies to Eastern Germany was pro - - 
mature because the region will need ; 
public support far al least 10 more • • 
years before it can stand on its own. ; 


* 4 

ft 




Pasminco Faces Close of Dutch Smelter 


Tuesday 

STYLE 

From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
^ith additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every r Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 


rvTEKN.inniVAL 


NiMD »nu the w» hw mas mi no omuxwKM ran 


Cookie Maker Threatened 

Bloomberg News 

MELBOURNE — Amotts Ltd*. Australia’s largest maker of 
cookies, said it may lay off as many as 1 ,000 workers, oraquarter 
of its staff, after an extortionist threatened to poison its products. 
Amotts removed its cookies from market shelves in Queensland 
and New South Wales states after the threats. Prolonged absence 
from those markets, while tamper-proof packaging is bang 
developed, could lead to layoffs, the company said. 


DAIWA JAPAN FUND 
SICAV (in liquidation) 

2, Boulevard Rawed 
LUXEMBOURG 

R.C. LueMiboxury; B-26 457 

Notice of Extraordinary General Meeting 

The shareholders of DAIWA JAPAN FUND are hereby 
convened to attend an Extraordinary General Meeting; of 
Shareholders to be held on March 5th, 1997 at 3:00 p.m. at the 
offices of Banque International a Luxembourg, 69, route 
d'Esch, Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg to 
deliberate on the following agenda: 

1. to hear the report of the auditor to the liquidation appointed at the 
previous Meeting: 

2. to give discharge to the Liquidator. Auditors to the liquidation and 
Dircrore who bad been in place 

3. to decide to dose the liquidation and tfirtriimu: the re maining net 
assets in cash; 

4. to decide to keep the records of DAIWA JAPAN FUND for a term of 
Bvr yean at the offices of Banque Internationale a Lnxemboarg. 

Shareholders are informed that at this Meeting, no quorum is 
required for the holding of the meeting and the decision will be 
passed by a simple majority of the shares present and voting. 

The liquidator 


Bloomberg Nevis 

MELBOURNE — The 
managing director of Pas- 
minco Ltd., David Stewart, 
said Sunday the company 
could temporarily close its 
Dutch Budel smelter because, 
of delays in winning abori- 
ginal support for the Century 
zinc mine project worth 1.1 
billion Australian dollars 
($841 million). 

RTZ-GRA, the mine own- 
er, is planning to sell Century 
Zinc Ltd. to Pasminco, an 
Australian base metals miner. 


once agreement with abori- 
ginal groups is reacted. RTZ- 
CRA said Friday it had hot 
made a settlement with the 
aboriginal communities by 
the deadline at midnight 
Thursday. Century is one of 
the world's biggest untapped 
zinc deposits. - 

Under Australia's Native 
Title Act; the aborigines- have 
a right to claim ownership of 
land and seek compensation 
for use of that land. ... . 

Talks oyer compensation 
co aboriginal groups will now 


go into arbitration, which 
could take more than six. 
months. 

“The end of this year is 
still manageable,” Mr. Stew- 
art said. “It will be light, but 
at worst we could face a tem- 
porary shutdown” of the 
Dutch smelter. = 

Biit Mr. Stewart said he 
was “optimistic” the two 
parties would reach agree- 
ment. 

Pasminco. needs Century 
zinc ore, which can be pro- 
duced without creating toxic 


waste, to ineel stringent en-’ 
vironmentul standards set bv- 
the Dutch government, 

Mr. Stewart said previo 
ously that if Pasminco did noT 
have access to the Century, 
ore, it would be forced to* 
close the Budel smelter per-J 
manently. costing 580 jobs. * 
The smelter earned Pav„ 
niinco 25.1 million dollars in- 
the first half of 19%. accord-’ 
ing to the company's annual? 
report. It values its Budel op-' 
erations at more than 2(10 miK' 
1/on dollars. 


K. 1 

( • . , 

f? '. 

I >■ 

g .. 


GAMES: Multimedia Companies Seek a Grown-Up Audience 


Continued from Page 11 

story line and dramatically-modulated 
soundtracks, even mi ng lin g verbal and 
visual puns. 

Targeting the 18-to-44 age group. 
Pepper's Ghost has devised a cybercity 
called Corazon to be populated by com- 
puter-generated avatars, realistic figures 
who take over the running of this lawless 
free state, “a Hong Kong of the Amer- 
icas,” according to Godfrey Parkin, 
managing director of die multimedia de- 
veloper. 

“It’s a role-playing game where you 
can become whomever you want — Al 
Capone, a bartender or Bill Gates,” Mr. 
Parkin said. 

By enlisting film and drearer direc- 
tors, scriptwriters and composers — and 
avoiding video-game enthusiasts — Mir. 
Parkin tried to create a mock-up world 
that would appeal to adults. 


“The project’s creative team 
wouldn’t be seen dead playing 
’Doom.’ ” be said, referring to the pop- 
ular sboot-'exn-op game. 

Canal Plus Multimedia, a division of' 
the pay-television company Canal Plus 
SA, is offering its own ‘“parallel uni- 
verse” with a cybernetic recreation of 
Paris. Subscribers to “Second World,” 
a hybrid CD-ROM- and rat-line game, 
tailor their avatar’s physiognomy, body 
and clothes — “the karaoke of coun- 
tenance,” said Alain LeDiberder, the 
president of tire multimedia division and 
creator of the game. These pixelared 
personas then set forth to mingle with 
other avatars, redecorate their own vir- 
tual apartments, announce poetry read- 
ings at the Angst Cafe in tile virtual 
newspaper, and order a shirt from the 
shelves of a virtual department store. 

Newspaper, cafe and apartment may 
be make-believe, but the merchandise is 


1MU. 

Canal Plus has a partner in tlte ven-i 
tuns, the computer-consulting company] 
Cap Gemini Sogeti SA, which will get a 4 
small percentage from each sale.* 
“Second World* ’-will be launched at lte»- 
end of the month in French and will be| 
available by the end of the year in Eng-, 
lish and Japanese, according to Mr. Leu-] 
iberder. * 

In Mind Gym, the CD-ROM jointly* f- 
developed by NoHo Digital Ltd. and 1 , 
Melrose Film Productions Ltd., wnar)- 4 
aleck personal trainers use a battery of} 
questions to size up the player's per-* 
sonality, that plunge him or her into the* 
“pool of ideas” fora creativity workout,, 
a madcap piece of gymnastic analysis on] 
the lunatic fringes where the pop healer; 

M. Scott Peck meets Groucho Marx. • 

Internet address: cyber saiptifiiht-* 
.com ' ' 


\ i 




subscript 


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as wefl as sdence, technology, fravW, fashion, ihe arts and sport — all (roman 1 

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PAGE 18 


SPORTS 


Australian Comeback 

Lonard Defeats Illness to Take Masters 


OMf&rd by Otr SktfFrun Dbpet dn 

MELBOURNE — Tiger Woods's 


in eighth place Sunday in the 
Australian Masters, won in a playoff 
comeback by Peter Lonard. 

Four years ago, Looard was bedridden 
with a rare tropical disease. The fight to 
regain his health — be was so weary be 
could not walk two holes of golf — 
drained his finances. On Sunday he 
gained his first victory as a professional, 
beating a fellow Australian, Peter 
O'Malley, on the second extra hole. 

Woods closed with a 1-under-par 73. 
seven strokes off the pace. He was fo- 
under. at 283, tied with Larry Mize and 
Rodger Davis. 

Woods was seeking his fifth victory 
in 14 professional starts and trying to 
win on a third continent this year. Bur he 
struggled all week to read the difficult 
greens at the Huntingdale course. 

Lonard and O'Malley finished 16- 
under, a shot ahead of die Australians 
Shane Tail and Wayne Grady. 

The two leaders parted the first play- 
off hole, the 1 8th. At the second, the par- 
4 17th, both missed the green, with 
O'Malley far to the right. His chip landed 
eight feet from the cup while Lonard’ s 


was four feet away. O’M alley’s putt slid 
past the hole; Lonard put his in the cup. 

In 1992, Lonard was bitten by a mos- 
quito while playing in the Palm Mcadovvs 
Cup in Australia, -and was infected with 
Ross River Fdver. For five years he 
suffered, and his eyesight started to faiL 
New contact lenses solved dial prob- 
lem. Then his swing had to be rebuilt. 
But the illness left hun listless. He tried 
everything, and was spending up to 
S150 a week on vitamin injections. 

Already this season, Lonard had fin- 
ished second in the Australian Players 
Cham pionship and the Australian PGA 
and had seven other top- 10 finishes. 

■ Nick Price of Zimbabwe romped to 
an eight-stroke victory Sunday m the 
Dimension Data Pro-Am in Sun City, 
South Africa. Price shot a 20-under-par 
72-hole total of 268. (AP, Reuters) 


■ Reid Regains Lead in Hawaii 

Mike Reid birdied the final hole Sat- 
urday to regain a one-shot lead after the 
third round of the $1.2 million PGA 
Hawaiian Open, Agence France-Presse 
reported from Honolulu. Reid, who 
shared the first-round lead, shot a 66 to 
move to 1 6- under 200 through 54 holes. 
Paul Stankowski was second at 201. 


Enqvist Wins as Rios Retires 


C*nr*lalbyO*rS*tiFn 

Marcelo Rios retired hurt Sunday, 
giving Thomas Enqvist of Sweden vic- 
tory, 6-4, 1-0, in the final of the Mar- 
seille ATP tennis tournament. 

The Chilean, who pulled out after 39 
minutes, first hurt his leg in Saturday's 
semifinal victory over Sergi Bruguera 
of Spam. 

Against Enqvist, Rios left the court at 
3-3 in the first set and returned with 
dressing an his leg. Even though he still 
was not moving well, he tried to play 
on. 

Enqvist sealed the first set on his first 
break point of the match, and then held 
his service in the opening game of the 
second set before Rios threw in the 
towel. 

The victory gave Enqvist his 12th 
ATP tour title in 13 finals. 

• Greg Rusedski beat Andre Agassi 
6-3, 6-4 m the Sybase Open on Saturday 
night to advance to die final against 
defending champion Pete Sampras. 

Sampras, ranked No. 1 in the world, 
beat Todd Martin 6-2, 6-3 earlier in the 
day. 


san-Philippe Reiman. 

EH5E3 France Hangs On to Defeat Whies 

natch noint. Arassi was t/ 


Rusedski, No. 39 in the world and 
seeded seventh, served 14 aces, includ- 
ing one which was clocked at 139 miles 
per hour. Rusedski hit the fastest re- 
corded serve in Beijing last October — a 
139.8 mile-per-hour missile on match 
point against Jean-Philippe Fleurian. 

Rusedski's huge serve overpowered 
the third-seeded Agassi, who returned 
die British left-hander’s 1 12 mph serve 
into the net at march point Agassi was 
unable to serve an ace during the 73- 
minute match. 

In the earlier match, Sampras dom- 
inated Martin. 

' Martin, ranked No. 14 and seeded 
fourth, had not played in a tournament 
since November because of tendinitis in 
his right knee. 

With his knee taped, he had trouble 
with his first serves during the 59- 
minute match, and double faulted three 
times. 

The top-seeded Sampras, who had 
eight aces, capped the victory with an 
overhand smash on match point It was 
his 11th straight victory this year and 
14th straight overall (AFP, AP) 



English Spin * 
Bamboozles 


Kiwi Batsmen 


Reuters- 

CHRISTCHURCH — New Zealand 
reeled to 95 runs for six wickets Sunday* 
in its second innings at dose of play on 
the third day to leave the third cnckct 
test against England finely balanced. 

New Zealand had established a 118* 
tun first-innings lead earlier in the day- 
whea it bowled England out for 228 
nuts Then its batsmen failed to press; 
home the advantage, and New Zealand 
finished just 2 1 3 runs ahead but with its 
h atting in tatters and two days to play; » 

The opening bats m an, Bryan Young; 

caused a sensation in thefmal session by. 
refusing to leave the wicket after being 
given out caught close to the wicket by 
Nick Knight from the left-arm spinner 
ftiil TUfhell. 

. Young stcwxl his ground and gestured 

that the ball had bounced before if 
reached Knight. The Australian umpire, 
Darrell Hair, who had indicated that 
Young was out, consulted a fellow of- 
ficial, Steve Dunne of New Zealand, 
who agreed that Young was out. . 

Young had made 49 in 165 minutes* 
the only innings of substance as New 
Zealand’s batsmen lost their way. ■ . 

At stumps. Chris Cairns was on five " 
and Malt Home, barring with a broken 
bone in his left band, was on four. 

The spinners TufheU and Robert 
Croft haddone the damage, with two for 
24 off 18 overs and two for 25 from 20 
overs respectively. 

Earlier, England’s captain. Mike 
Atherton, became only the seventh Eng-: 





k 1 : 








i ***** 




Ugh batsman to bat through a complete 
niated 94 not out 


Olivier Merle of France running the ball as two Welshman dose in during their five Nations rugby match. 


Reuters 

France held off a brave challenge from 
Wales to score a 27-22 victory in Paris 
and remain hard on England’s heels in 
the Five Nations rugby championship. 

France, with six forced changes to the 
team that beat Ireland in its opening 
match last month, lost Richard Dourthe, 
its kicker, who was injured in the first 


in two minutes just before halfrime and a 
freak score in the second half. 

Both teams tried to use the hacks to 
laimrfi attacks. 

Wales made it 20-17 in the 56th 
minute, when Alan Bateman scored atry 
converted by Jenkins. But France 


half. Although Ghristophe Lamaison 
missed a string of kicks. 


rivi Nation* Rvaiv 


string of kicks, the French 
scored four tries to Wales’s three. 

Wales, relying on a powerful back row 
and the brilliant playmaking of the half- 
backs Robert Howley and Arwel 
Thomas, kept fighting back despite con- 
ceding a try in the third minute, two tries 


i after 

a missed i _ 

Glas bounced backward and ended up in 
rite hands of a Lamaison. He passed to 
Leflamand, who scored easily. Aucagne 
converted. The Welsh number 
Scott Qumnell burst through the 


line of French defense and setup How- 
ley for a tty, but Jenkins missed the 
conversion sad Prance held an. 

Ireland ft, teijlut 4ft England fol- 
lowed its biggest victory over Scotland 
with a record thr ashing of Ireland in 
Dublin. England scored six tries at Lans- 
downe Road, including two apiece ftff die 
wingers Jon Sleightiiolme and Tony Un- 
derwood, to take its total to 10 in just two 
Five Nations games rids season. 

As in its 41-13 ramp against Scot- 
land, En g l and writed until a relentless 
assault by its forwards had won the 
Irish down before adopting more ad- 
venturous tactics. This time, it scored 
five of its tries in the last 15 minutes. 


test inning s when he fini 
in England’s first innings of 228. ■ 

Atherton batted for 345 minutes be- 
fore running out of par t n ers when An-< 
drew Caddick and TufheU departed hr 
quick succession after the lunch break. - . 

. Atherton began the day on 66, but the 
only solid support he received came 
from Croft, vmo made 31 in a 53-nm 
stand for the seventh wicket. 

Tufioell, the last, and weakest, Eng-: 
lish batsman, came to rito wicket wmt 
Atherton on 92. Instead of concentrah : 
ing cm sticking around while his captain jf 
reached a century, TufheU went on the 


rvf 


tain, hammering die ball all round 
field and scoring a brisk 13 before fell* 
ing to Simon Doull and leaving Ather- 
ton unbeaten but six shout of his cen-. 


tury. 

Geof 


iff Allan, a left-handed fast bowk 
er finished with four for 74; the medium 
pacerNathan Astle took two for 26 .with 
the other four New Zealand bowlers 
taking one wicket each. 


Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBAStamoinos 


ATLANTIC [XVtSiON 




W 

L 

PcJ 

OB 

Miami 

39 

12 

J65 

— 

NewYbrfc 

36 

14 

.720 

TA 

Oriando 

24 

23 

511 

13 

Ufi ■■hlisutau i 

TTuimfiymn 

23 

27 

MO 

15M 

New Jersey 

15 

35 

J00 

2M 

Ptifloddphlo 

12 

37 

.245 

26 

Boston 

11 

38 

.224 

27 

ceNntALrevnmN 



Chlcaga 

44 

6 

880 

— 

Del it* 

36 

13 

J35 

Th 

Atlanta 

33 

16 

.673 

10W, 

Omtotte 

30 

21 

•SBB 

1414 

Ctevehni 

27 

22 

351 

16V4 

Mlwaukee 

24 

26 

-480 

20 

Imflana 

23 

25 

479 

20 

Taranto 

17 

32 

347 

26V4 

wisnutcownaiMa 


MtotncsTorenMN 




W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Utah 

36 

14 

J20 

_ 

Houston 

33 

18 

447 

3V) 

Minnesota 

24 

26 

480 

12 

Dados 

16 

31 

■340 

1814 

Denver 

16 

35 

314 

2014 

San Antonio 

12 

37 

JUS 

2314 

Vancouver 

11 

43 

304 

27 


Mane DIVISION 



LA Lakers 

37 

13 

J40 

— 

Seattle 

34 

15 

394 

216 

Portland 

27 

24 

329 

1066 


22 

29 

431 

1514 

LX coppers 

2Q 

27 

426 

1566 

GoMen Stole 

19 

29 

J96 

17 

Phoenix 

19 

32 

J373 

1866 

ruBAT'e umn 


Mflwmites 

24 

27 

24 31- 

—106 

Tenrato 

33 

li 

29 24-102 


G Jordon ISA 3-6 3ft Kutoc 8-12 X3 21; 
A: Laettner MS 3-3 Z1, Smith 7-17 5-6 21. 
Mon*— Chicago 56 (Rodman 12], 
Atlanta 45 CMutamba 19). Assbta— CNcaga 
15 (Ptpperv Jordan 41, Atlanta 15 (Smith 5). 
OUnda 26 25 2D 29-100 

MtaHtB 23 34 22 25-104 

O: Saftrfy 6-129-10 21. Andanon 7-17 1-2 
19, Hortowny 6-176-9 l»M:Cair7-n 4-422, 
Goroett 9-14 7-1 2ft Man*— OMamh) 46 
(Samir 91, Minnesota 49 (Garrett 14). 
AbMs— O tlondo 24 (Hardaway 91, 
Minnesota 26 (Porter 9). 

Golden State 27 23 21 27-100 

San Antonio 22 21 24 17— 94 

VS Sprewrt 12-225-5 32, Smith 6-20 80 20 
XAj vredm B-17 5-7 2ZManreB 4-14 *4 14. 
Rthoiads-Goldon Slate 51 (Smith 13), Son 
Antonio 58 (Andaman 17). AwMs-GaWen 
State 25 (Sprewefl 71 San Antonio 17 
(Johnson 11). 

LACItopen 27 II 27 21—93 

Phoenix 35 20 2> 27—110 

LAjMarih8l63-51ftVtaughf8-1404)16; 
P: Johnson 9-11 M27. CMreflas 10-144^24. 
Moen ds Los Angeles 51 (Vaught 71, 
Phoenix 52 (Ceballos 10). Assists— Las 
Angeles 28 (Mottln 9), Phoenix 31 (Kidd 9). 
Houston 23 22 If 21—15 

Seattle 24 29 27 25-105 

H: Holiday 6-1] X2 lft SuBord 5-1 00-0121 
5: Payton 11-20 0-0 2X5chrefnpf 7-13 6-6 20. 
Rshaunds— Houston 44 (Baridey 12), Seattle 
44 (HawMttS 9). Assists— Houston 20 (Price 
5], Seattle 30 (Payton 8). 

•astaa 30 19 29 21— 106 

Vancouver 32 22 29 26-^19 

EL- Day 1 2-29 2-2 39, VAriker 1 2-22 44 28; V: 
AMur-Rahhn 12-19 7-12 31, Reeves 13-18 4- 
6 30. Woboun d s B os t on 52 (Walter 13, 
Vancouver 59 (Reeves 127. Assists— Boston 
26 (Wesley 9), Vancouver 30 (Anthony 12). 


Baker 0-14 SB 21, Atai 6-9 2-2 
ISMaund s Denver so (Johnson 14). 
Mlhmutee 48 (GABam 12). Assists— Demur 
24 CJodcson 14), Mlwoutoe 18 (Doughs 6). 
Attala 26 29 22 32-109 

See Antereo is 23 22 24- 09 

A; Smtlh 11 -23 2-2 25, Blaylock 8-1 7 1-1 21; 
2M MamuB 9-181-2 24, Del Negro 7-104-5 
18. Rabatuds-AItanta 53 Ojaettner 127. San 
Antonio 38 (Andanon 13). Assists— Ahanta 
2? (Bony «), San Antonio 21 (Johnson 4). 
Hanta 29 26 22 28-105 

Portend 17 25 38 29-189 

HfcWKs 1X205-7 31, OMuwon 1X20X10 
28r P: Andsaon 13-19 4-6 3ft Rider M2 W 
26. Rahouids— Houston 46 (WHs 139, 
Pottkmd 53 (Watece 13). Assists— Houston 
21 (Bto 7L Portland 14 (Andcraan 4J. 


HOCKEY 


NHL Stjuommos 


untRN commies 

ATLANTIC DIVISION 


M: RoMnson 15-27 7-9 37, GflUam 7-13 8-8 
22 T: Camay 7-10 7-1021. Whitens 7-18 5-7 
2ft Rehomds— AWwaukee 65 (GIBom 16], 
Taranto 63 (Miter 12). A s s ts ti M th reutuea 


23 (Dougtos 6), Toronto 26 (Shwdomlre 14). 
Hew Jersey 24 24 27 30—107 

WMriegta 39 29 34 33-125 

KJm on 8-U 8-9 25. Edwards 7-11 2-2 17. 
W: Howard 9-16 7-8 25, Oteaney 9-14 4-722. 
H ite nods He w Jersey 37 (J.WUams 8), 
wastibnrioa « (LWaRoms 8). Assists— New 
Jersey 9 IGSL Reeves 3), Wn sM n g tc n 21 
(SMefctand 101. 

DIM 30 33 27 39-109 

OnrtMte n 24 27 31—103 

D; HS 8-16 13-19 29, Putnors 4-12 M2 2ft 
Hi*der7-17 2-4 20; GDIvac 9-165-6 2ft Rice 
5-17 9-10 21. Reboands— Oeftofl 41 (Mils 
til. Qwttone 44 (Mason 133. 
Assists— Debt® 20 (Dumais 6), OwrtoUe 30 
(Mann, Me* A. 

CMcago 33 M 21 16-89 

Atlanta 26 23 23 16— IS 


Washington 23 17 24 22- 36 

New Jersey 25 22 27 33-107 

W: Strtddand 5-12 8-8 lft Howard M* 3-4 
17; NJj Reeves 8-17 3-t 33. GUI 7-16 84 22. 
Rebounds— Washington 42 (Howard 121, 
New Jersey 66 U.WHfcrms 15). 
Asststs— Wash in gt o n 21 (StricXkmd 8), New 
Jersey 18 (Reeves 5). 

Ptdtodetjtelo 20 32 34 23— 99 

Mhnl 29 34 38 24— 12S 

P: Stockhouse 9*14 7-9 24, MncLean 6-17 
8-13 2ft M: Mourning 10-144-724. Lenard B- 
13 04) 24. RteeonOs — PhUadetphJa 52 
(WBUams 8), Miami 51 (Brawn, Mourning, 
Austin 10). Assure— Philadelphia 13 
(tvenan 6), Miatni 3V (Hardaway 13). 

Dates 2T 21 25 17—84 

Wtk 37 21 21 19— 99 

D: Jackson 7-16 4-5 19, McCbud 8-18 0-0 
17) UcHomaoek 6-104-4 18, 3toeXton7-91-l 
17. Rebemds-Oaikis 42 (Green 1 0k Utah 55 
(Ostettog 12). Assists— Data 1 A (Cassell 5). 
Utah 29 (Stockton 8). 

Denver 18 21 22 26-87 

Milwaukee 22 22 23 25-^2 

D: LEflb 9-194-422. StOh 7-13 5J 2ft M: 



W 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Phnadetphia 

32 

16 

8 

72 

182 

139 

Florida 

28 

16 13 

69 

161 

129 

Now Jersey 

29 

17 

9 

67 

ISO 

131 

N.Y. Rangers 

28 

24 

7 

63 

198 

164 

Washington 

23 

28 

6 

52 

ISO 

160 

N.Y. isknfon 

19 

28 10 

48 

1SS 

167 

Tampa Bay 

20 

29 

6 

46 

150 

174 

NORTHEAST DWtaOH 




W 

L 

T 

Pts 

IL 

o 

GA 

Buffalo 

29 

19 

9 

67 

159 

141 

Pittsburgh 

30 

21 

5 

65 

207 

17B 

Montreal 

21 

28 71 

S3 

186 

214 

1 lie ■ Hi ml 

naiiHJiu 

22 

27 

7 

51 

159 

182 

Ottawa 

18 

26 12 

48 

154 

167 

Beaton 

20 

30 

7 

47 

164 

201 

WBHIBK 

ion 

ns 

me 

■ 


canruLmtstoN 




W 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Dates 

33 

21 

4 

70 

176 

146 

Detraff 

26 

19 10 

62 

173 

133 

SL Louis 

27 

26 

6 

a 

178 

183 

Phoenix 

26 

28 

4 

56 

763 

179 

CWojgo 

23 

27 

8 

54 

1S2 

151 

Taronfo 

21 

35 

2 

44 

164 

204 

McmcDNsns 




W 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Colorado 

. 35 

14 

8 

78 

195 

133 

Edmonton 

28 

24 

6 

62 

182 

164 

Vancouver 

26 

28 

Z 

54 

180 

191 

Crtgmy 

24 

28 

6 

54 

155 

165 

Anaheim 

22 

29 

6 

50 

161 

176 

San Jose 

20 

30 

6 

46 

146 

185 

Los Angeles 

19 

31 

8 

46 

154 

197 

remwi 

n—wt 



TbnpaBay 




1 0 

3 

0—4 

Waititogteo 




2 2 

O 

l— a 


Pint Period: W-Eagles 1 (Charran) 2 W- 
tenewtolchuk 11 Cv e(tovsky. Hunter} X 


Tango Bay, Occam* 21 (HoaUcr, 
Langkaw) Second Pala te W-Bontea 35 
(Ptvanta, BrenetW (pp). & w-Bnmette 3 
(Bandro, Ptvonia) (pp). TIM Fata: T- 
CuIHui 14 (Grettav HamriM. 7, T-Houtder 4 
(Grattarv Bail & T-YMnatt 2 CUmgtow, 
Utancw) (pp). Orerttnft ft W-Konowidchuk 
12 (Hutdal Stats an goafcT- 10-4-11-0-25. 
W- 10-8-4-2—23. C o di es ; T-Puppa, 
Ttttorocd. W-Corey. 

Datrett 3 0 0 8-3 

Dates 2 8 11-4 

Hist Period: D-Fedorov 22 (Sandstrom, 
Ytermad (pp). 2 D-Shanahan 36 (KaSM, 
McCorty) (pp).XD-MauwHidyfc21 (VMeefc. 
Zubau (pp).4 Ntnjwendytc22 (Modana 
Bassen) 5, D-Lorlontw 7 (McCarty. 
Shanahan) (ppl.Sacood Period: None. ThW 
Period: D-Hogue 13 (Veteech, Sydor) 
Overtime: 7, D-Kemedy 1 CSydoo Brota) 
Stats on gar* D- 1X8-60-27. D- 1XX8- 
3-27. Coates; D-Vemoa D-Ue. 

umuiKT’S UKUi 

Ottawa 0 1 0-1 

Halted 0 2 8-2 

Ffcst Prelate None. Second Perlite H- 
PtenwulA (Sanderson. Wedey) (pp). 2 H- 
Primcou 17 CBnetson) X O-PMck 4 
(Redtten Van Aten) TMtd p«M: Nana. 
Shots an goal: O- 9-9-9—27. H- 5-9-14-28. 
Coates O-Rhadflx H-Butn. 

Baitoa 8 13 8-4 

Phaaok 3 8 11-3 

Pint Period: Ptiaenb. Ronrdng 15 
(Numatlnan, Gartner} (pp). 2 Phoenix, 
Shannon B Ware) X Phoenix. Gartner 24 
(Stapleton, Manson) (pp). Second Parted: B- 
Kennedy 5 (TJteroeney, DAweney) (sh). 
mm Partite Phoenix, Tkodiuk. 35 CJoreiey, 
Jotaaon) 6, B-Tocchet 14 (Oates. 
OSweeney) 7, B-Tocchet 15 (Bouquet 
D -Sweeney) X B-fUcMur 5 (Sum pet 
TSWeeney) Ovarifena: 9. Ptweate, Mare I 
(Jairney, RoenidO Stab oagoatB- 8-1X7- 
0—28. Phoenix 11-9-1X2-37. Cades B- 
Ranford. Phoenix, KhabibuPn. 

Ctfarado 1 3 2-3 

St. Laois 1 8 1-2 

Hist Period: 5X.-CainptK8 20 (Rhats, 
Poison} (pp)- ft CrKoreensky 20 (Gusarov. 
Fora beta) (pp). Second Period: C-Rkrf 7 
(MUler) 4, O. Daadnxnh 24 (Dzallnslb 
Forarerg) Tlrirtl Period: G-Ybung 16 (Cbrfaet) 
6, XLn Turpeon 17 (Paresan). 7, C-SonndtX 
Stax an goafc C- 11-17-12-40. XL- 11-5- 
14—30. C od i es: C-BIBngtan. SJ.-Fute. 
PtRstangh • a i— l 

P M ad e tpMo 0 2 3—3 

First period— Hone. Second period— 1. P- 
Dniee 6 (Podeta, otto) 2 P-Destanftn 7, 
OH). Third Period: P- Johnson 7 (Murray, 
Lemleux) < P-Fdfloon4 (Kkrtt MWmaa) & 
P-LeCkdr 34 [RanbeiB. Gofteyl & P-> Locrobt 
6 (Mnifl Stats oe gret p-xX9— 1& P-W4- 
13—35. C oofln s: P-Wragges. P-HestaB. 

MYRaogors 0 0 o-o 

CMcago 1 1 0-2 

Hrst Period: GPrahert 7 (Cummins. 
Zbemnav) Second Period: C-Zhomnov 11 


CSutec Da Mao) (pp). ThW Period-Mo 
scoring. Stats on goafc Now York 9-4-4—17. 
C- 9-10-3— S. Coates: New York Hedy, C- 
Hoctat 

Harida 0 0 8 0-0 

N.Y.istatars 0 0 8 1-1 

PM Period: Nona. Soared Period; Nothl 
T lteri Prelate ten. Orelta Now Vote. 
Lapointe 3 [Ptanta Beronfl Stats on goal: F 
9-9-10-1— 29. New Ybrti 1(M*1-21. 
Soateis Fflupteridt tew Yate. Sato. 

New Jersey 3 1 8-4 

Manhwd l 0 8-4 

First Period: NJ.-Hottk 14 (Andreychuk, 
Sttflhon) 2 M-Savoge 21 (Koftp, CutUmorrt 
X N«* Jersey, MacLnan 18 (Rolstan, 
Pederson) 4, NJ.-. Sulflvan 8 (Andreychuk, 
Smith) Second Period-5. NJ^Podoreon 10 
(RoWeft5tavam)TfeMPoiM:teiw.Stals 
oe gote: NJ.- 17-1X7-38 M- 9-9-8-26. 
C e ote se NJ^Brodeut M-Thftouft. 
Washtagta 0 8 i-i 

Tampa Bay 2 1 1—4 

Href Period; T-Ocanm 22 CLon gtow 
Hanfflk). 2 T-Crost3 (Occareflt Barudster} 
Seared Period: T-Poufa 11 (Andemoa 
Ttoms) ThW Period: W-ANBer 9 (Brunetta, 
Mae) X T-Wleraer4 (UeigkaW) dm). Stats 
an geab W- 11-1X15-39. T- 11-6-7—24. 
GoaBes W-KdUg 7-1X4. T-Tatreroal 

0 0 8-0 

1 1 1—3 
PM Period: G-Hoghmd 14 (Cagran 

Rudne) Seamd Porta* GMRtan 9 (HlosMco) 
TkH Period: G4MCM 13 (Ftawy. Titov) 
(PP). Stats aa gate; T- 4-6-8— 2a & 15-8- 
15-38. GoaSas r-Patvhi. &Mdd. 

0 2 8-2 

2 2 8-4 
JH Period: V-CaurtnaP 7 (Gaten 

HedcmO 2 V-Gedna* 15 (OourtnnU, BabpJO 
(sh). Secarel Period: A-Setaime 33 (van 
I rape, Rucdiln) (pp>.<V-RWWyia (Bafayeft, 
Mogtay) X V-Luarawft (pp). 6, ArKmtya 26 
(Sacca, Vtan Imps) ThW Period: Nona. Shots 
00 goal: A- 86-7-21. V- 15-188-39. 
lA-HebeftShtatanhov.V-McLean. 

0 118-2 
0208-2 
Hr« period; None. Sacsod Period; &. 
Km n rienta 27 (ArnaB. Wright) XLA^Olayk 
17 (Stevens, Shevater) X Los Angeles, 
ODarmefl 3 (Shevattb Btata (pp). T1H 
Period: E-Aroatt 15 CKaw4a*a ftSmyth) 
(pp). Orerthne . None. P enalty — Lapentadr 
LA (batatap) Stats an goal: E- 9-1 4-82—33. 
LA- 810-9-1— 28. 6 ae ri es: E- Joseph. LA- - 


MirftUMftHi-SounwrooM 

Ohm 


1. Toro Sttansofv Nor, X SobasDsn Anria 
tea. x Altaria Ttatea, Ito. 


Loading llnri aooree Sunday In Dm dW 
28X000 2nd WreoMe hl O ouMlwocde Opon 


on (ha 7277 yasd, par-72 8auVimado Gall 
end Country aub ooanw In Cremona! 
PhW ppI n oo ; 

TohdoNogaml Japan 
Jbn Rutledge, Canada 
Kerin Wentworth, U.S. 

John Kemahaib liA 
P. Marital, Paraguay 
Haris WfflUnx U^. 

Brian Gay, UA 
Gary Rusmrt. U5. 

Aifun Alwiri, (ndta 
Alton Bratton, U5. 


1. KtaOi Andre Aamodt ter. 2 Bruno Kev- 
nan, Swl, x Mario Reteft Aai 


68 72-7X7D— 281 
7X7X7868-283 
67-75-7X68-283 
69-74-70-71—284 
69-78-71-67— 2B5 
74-7X7X69— 28S 
71-73-69-72—285 
49-74-71-72—06 
7X71-6874-286 
73-7X70-71—287 



2Jacetaw 5ft UtM BaHi 46. 4Jlaal 58 
ctadod 41, IDepmtlva Coruna 40, AAttaBco 
Madrid 39, 7.VottodoM37, SAMffiC Bfltao 
3ft 9JMhg Santandre 34. RThneite 33, 
ll.VWtncta 3X IlCefla Vigo 2ft 13XMreto 
2ft MJEspanjtol 26, ISJSparttng Gflm 2ft 
iftCampoetela 2ft i7.Rayo VoDecnno 34, 
1ftZarttgon22il9.lJBBrorw2X2ft5«ri8a21. 
2lJB(tamaam 1ft 3XH«aAes 1ft 


FMDAftH CAIRO 

Zamataka Arab Conhadats 0 
ZamataM won an ponallta aftarltw match 
ended XO offer extra ifene, 


SUNDAY. IN BAHOKOK 


Dimmnsion Data 


RmI ram Sunday In the Dho en rio n 
Data goM town renont re Son CHftB.AIrieK 


I. Price, Zimbabwe 
D. Rost, S.A(Mcn 
T. BJcra, Darenaric 
P. Harrington, Itetaml 
M. McNuMK Zlmb. 

S. Anus. Trinidad 
W. WeetnecS.AWca 
ft McCann, MS. 

D. Bales. 5. Africa 

T. Johnstone, Zbnto. 


67-686869-268 
69-65-71 -71 -274 
67-67-71-7X277 
7X68687S-279 
71-6869-7X279 
6X69-7X71^79 
7X687X71-279 
65-73-71-7X279 
6X67-7X74-280 
67-71-7X7X200 


RUGBY UNION 


Sweden ft TMtandl 

TtORD PLACE njtV-OfP 
Japan 2 Romania 0 

4TH ROUND 

BtortburnL Coventry 2 

STHHOUM) 

Brodibni a Sheffield Wed 1 
Leicester 2, Cbebea 2 

Bfemlngham 1, W re x ham 3 
ChostnfleM L NoHInghom ForestO 
Leeds 2, Portsimutti 3 
Mondreator Cffy ft MUdtoihntugh 1 
Whnbtodon 2 Queens tertt Rongres 
SIN HOUND DRAW 
5MMM Wednesday vs. Wbnbtodon 
Portsmouth vs. LatoesteratyorOwlwM 
Detey County or Coventry vs. Mlddtaabrough 
Chestoftleld vs. Wrexham 


AiDtontoftVtoana] 

JuvenfusftPonigtal 
Lada Z Inter 2 
MBanZBotognaD 
Piacenza l,Napafl0 
Snapdarta 1, Rama 2 
UrSneseLCogSoriO 

vremraft.norenHnal 
wanreng 1 1. Juventus 4ft 2 Sampdwta 
3i3. Bologna 31,4. lntsr3l,5.Atolanta31,6. 
Rama aft7. Vtoreno 3ft 8. Pnrere 3ft ft M8m 
2ft 10. Nop* 2ft 11. Plorenllna 37, li Late 
27, 13. Udnen 26, u Ptocwna 23, 15. p8 
ngta 1ft Id. Mrronff 77, 77. Gogferf tft 1*- 

Psnnfnnn H 

"tcyBumo 1 1. 


TENNIS 


AMUOCEAMA ZONL OROUP3 
HHOmnONO.lNAMAmB.HCMQNOHSO 
Varapal Hwng M wmchoo dec. Marie Ferreira 


83 82 8te VBtoyd 5arw«i def. Motrin TongX^ 

andr 


Five Mbmom Cup 


SATURDAY. 01 PARIS 

Franca 27, VttxEes 22 

.SATURDAXM DUBLIN 
Ireland ft England 46 
STa a rengt lJEngland 4 potots, 2J=nmca 
ft ftWatos 2 4Jrekmd 2 5Jta*and ft 


Derby l, West Hand 
Tottenham ft Arsenal (L 
sowMBnera 1. Manchester UnDed 5ft ft 
Umpoot 49,3. Arsenal 4ft 4. Newcastle 4Z 5. 
Chetsea 41 , ft WbnUedan 3»p. Asron VBa 3ft 
ft ShoffleM WKtoflsday 3ft 9. Tottenham 3Z 
la Evetton 31, 11. Laeds 3ft li Suadertand 
29, IX Derby 2ft 1ft Bkxfcbwn 27, 15. Le- 
icester 27, lft Coventry 27, 17. Nottingham 
Forest 23,1ft West Ham 22, lft Southampton 

20, 20. Middlesbrough 19. 

OaUBMMM 


3 87 82 24 6-4LTbamdasm Sridtaphan 
NarathornSrtdKrahandef.GiwniNiFosterand 
MarXRerrriroXl M83rVMayaSamro|deL 
Marie Ferreira 6-2 6-2} Voropd Thangtoam- 
choa def. Wayne Wong 837-6 (7-2). ' 


INBAN JOBftCALTORMA. 

QUAKTEnFMALS 

Todd Martin (4), United states, def. RkMqr 


Renebapg O, Unfled States, 81, 6-ftGrag 
def. Mttnsi 


WomJD ClUUOTOflIWnPl 


CRICKET 


ITCH 


ADVERTISEMENT 


MA7CH&PMY&> 
JBSVM33H9Z7AND 

imzGfmi ' 

WMJVSTTh 

jANPITYMS 

jfawwm 


11MT3ACKMOaAUS\ 
WALErm. A 


Y/EOIBALEITBZ _ 

WfHEFB&PBtrOF 4 
•m&snsHP&A. 


&X&&TBP THATim BRrflGHTEAM 

£Uf®P£AN<m.HtS i ~ 
THE BiemiAL FOCtU&si 

^WAs-mam^oFA ooipeheza inbjpc^[ 

VBEMER&m TMB419 OP NICK 

RMJXs&NPYl^ANPMmmM, 


1977 - NfCKLAL’S CALLS FOR A UNITED EUROPE 

U rittm nidi R. Simmonx llluatmlerl fiv lib' South % Uurrmtiunal IkmU Trihuar / Ih^-womd Sport* liutnmhip* Ud. 


>'97 

lOHNNlE^l WALKER .. 


SO AND HNAL TEST 
NEW ZEALAND VS. ENGLAM}. SD DAY 
SUMD/EY. M CHRISTCHURCH 
England: 228 

tewZoatante346and 95 tor six 


SO DAY OR 8D» HATCH 
WEGTBW PROVINCE VS. AUSTRALIA 
SUNDAY, M CAPS TOWW, SCHTTH AFRICA 
AusbaSa: 43X4 dedortd retd 78ft Western 
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MHEWCan UUKHiE 

"* t J, ,,wftE ^8reed to terms with RHP 
Mite Mussina on 1-year contract. 

TOcAS-VdUed the contract of C send 
Heraand. 

NATIONAL UEA4XUE 

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Lopez and RHP Scnh Brow on 1-year con- 
tracts. 

atramuTt-Agreed la farms wflh2BBnT 

ivra* an 4-year contract. . . 

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man G arcto ond RHP Dopg MBddenl -yog 
contracts. 

■asotball 

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N8A— Suspended Seattle SuperSontos Uj 
Shawn Kemp one game and ttted him SXflOoy 
add Houston Radiets F Clwrtes Bmtdey art 
game and fined Mm &50D for their ««*»* 
•toftog Fridays rights game at Seattle. 

hiami— T raded G Sasha Dantavta F KW» 
Tharaas. and F Martin Muureepp to the Dtf- 
tas Mavericks tor F Jamal Washburn. . 


Spy ‘ 

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•* 




















PAGE 19 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1997 


SPORTS 


'r 


Mashburn Warm 
In Debut for Heat 

Miami Streak Reaches 9 
As Former Mav Scores 14 


The .Associated Press 

Jamal Mashburn scored 14 
points in his Miami debuL 
and Alonzo Mourning and 
Vqshon LenanJ scored 24 
. _ points apiece as the Heat ex- 
■ J tended their winning streak to 
a franchise-record nine 
games with a 125-99 home 
victory over the Philadelphia 
76ers. 

Mashburn. acquired Friday 
in a trade with Dallas, made 
his first appearance on Sat- 
urday night with 6:54 left in 

NBA Rounbuo 

the first quarter. His first bas- 
ket gave Miami a 24-14 lead. 
He added three assists and 
three rebounds in 32 minutes. 

Lenard scored all of his 
points on 3-pointers, going 8- 
For-11 from beyond "the arc. 
3* Miami set franchise records 
'■ with 17 3-pointers and 39 as- 
sists. 

Jerry Stackhouse scored 26 
points and Don Mac Lean had 
20 for Philadelphia, which 
dropped its third straight. 

Allen Iverson, the 7 tiers’ 
rookie sensation, did not start 
and was benched for the en- 
tire First quarter as punish- 
ment for missing a team prac- 
tice on Friday. He finished 
with 13 points on 3-of-13 
shooting in 24 minutes. 

Nets 107, Bullets 86 Khali d 

Reeves scored 23 points and 
Kendall Gill 22 as host New 
Jersey repaid Washington for 
an embarrassing loss the 
\ night before. 

Shawn Bradley, who has 
been in a slump, and Kerry 
Kittles, who was playing hurt, 
each added 14 points and 
Jayson Williams had 15 re- 
bounds for the Nets 

Rod Strickland had 18 
points and Juwan Howard 1 7 
for the Bullets, who lost for 
the second time in three 
games with Bemie Bicker- 
staff as coach. 

Hawk* 109, Spun 69 In San 
Antonio. Steve Smith scored 
25 points and Mookie Blay- 
lock had 2 1 for Atlanta. The 
Hawks, who suffered a one- 
tint loss to the Chicago 
lulls on Friday, have won 17 
of their last 22. 

Christian Laenner added 
( 17 points for Atlanta, and 
y. Alan Henderson scored 14. 
Henderson was playing his 
first game of the season after 
being sidelined with acute 
viral pancreatitis. 


Bucks 92. Nugguts 87 Vin 

Baker scored 21 points and 
Ray Allen had 15. including 
two key baskets in the final 
two minutes, as Milwaukee 
won its third straight. 

Visiting Denver, which 
lost its third in a row, was led 
by LaPhonso Ellis with 22 
points. Mark Jackson added 
14 assists for the Nuggets. 

Jazz 99, Mavericks 84 fa] 
Salt Lake City. Jeff Homacek 
scored 18 points and John 
Stockton added 17 ami eight 
assists as Utah won its fifth 
straight. 

Jimmy Jackson scored 19 
points and George McCloud 
17 for the Mavericlu, who 
have lost three straight and 1 1 
of their last 15. 

TraH Blazers 109, Rockets 

105 Kenny Anderson scored 
16 of his season-high 35 
points in the third quarter, and 
host Portland rallied from a 
26-point deficit to defeat 
Houston. 

Anderson made a 15 -footer 
with 3:12 left to put the 
Blazers ahead, 103-95, but 
two free throws by Hakeem 
Olajuwoo with 53.8 seconds 
remaining brought the Rock- 
ets within two, at 105-103. 

Isaiah Rider then sealed 
Portland’s trinmpl 
four free throws in the 
9.8 seconds. Rider scored 26 
points overall, and Rasheed 
Wallace had 16 points and 14 
rebounds for die Blazers. The 
Rockets lost their seventh 
straight road game. 

■ Kemp and Barkley Sit 

Shawn Kemp of the Seattle 
SuperSonics and Charles 
Barkley of the Houston Rock- 
ets each were suspended for 
one game and fined by the 
NBA on Saturday ‘ a day after 
their teams tangled. The As- 
sociated Press reported from 
New York. 

Barkley, fined $2,500, 
missed Saturday night’s 
game at Portland. Kemp, 
fined $3,000, was to miss 
Sunday night’s game in Los 
Angeles against the Lakers. 

Kemp was penalized for 
throwing a punch at Hous- 
ton's Kevin Willis late in the 
third quarter of Seattle's 1 OS- 
85 victory. Kemp was ejected 
after the altercation, which 
carried an automatic $1,000 
fine. 

Barkley was penalized for 
leaving the bench during die 
fight. 



Some Old Faces Surface 
As Baseball Seeks Talent 


Sun llowdi/NfrtK*- Krancr-ft' »■ 

Rod Strickland of the Bullets beading around Khalid Reeves of the Nets. 


By Murray Chass 

.Vfw York Tunes Semce 

The last time Kelly Gruber 
was seen in a baseball uni- 
form. the players and owners 
had not begun their long-run- 
ning labor dispute. 

Scott Bailes last wore a ma- 
jor league uniform when Cal 
Ripken Jr. was 395 games 
from Lou Gehrig's consecut- 
ive-game streak. 

Since Tom O'Malley last 
played in the majors two new 
teams and six new ball parks 
have been built since. 

Spring camps are alive, and 
so are the hopes of Gruber. 
Bailes, O’Malley and a large 
number of players like them 
who are coming out of re- 
tirement or back from Japan 
to try to win jobs. 

Most of die players return- 
ing from Japan played there as 
a temporary stop. O'Malley, 
however, played in Japan the 
last six seasons. At 36. he will 
try to win a job with the Texas 
Rangers, who also invited 
Bailes to attempt a comeback. 

Doug Melvin, the Rangers' 
genera] manager, voiced a 
view common among GMs: 
talent has become so thin that 
clubs have to look for players 


wherever they can find them. 

"It’s a matter of clubs sav- 
ing. 'Who knows?' " Melvin 
said. "Look at the way Kevin 
Elsier came back. You're al- 
ways looking for lightning in a 
bottle. You can't bring 10 of 
these guys in. but you're hop- 
ing to get one of those each 
year.’’ 

Elsier. who hit better for 
the Rangers last year than he 
ever did, had not retired: his 
career had seemed at an end 
because of injuries. 

Bailes retired. Gruber re- 
tired. Howard Johnson retired 
and had become a minor 
league coach. Mitch Williams 
had been forced into retire- 
ment because no one thought 
he could pitch anymore. 

A back ailment sent Andy 
Van Slyke into premarure re- 
tirement. Juan Agosto and Ju- 
nior Felix retired. Deion 
Sanders gave up his two-sport 
career, opting to play football. 

Yet they all trying to follow 
the comebacks last year of Eric 
Davis and Ryne Sandberg. 
Davis sat out the 1995 season, 
then batted 287 and hit 26 
home runs for Cincinnati. 
Sandberg retired on June 13. 
1 994. then unre tired and hit 25 
home runs and drove in 92 


Jayhawks’ Defense Proves Too Much for Colorado 


The Associated Press 

Raef LaFrentz scored 23 
points as No.l Kansas over- 
whelmed No. 15 Colorado, 
114-74. 

The Jayhawks* relentless 
defensive pressure wore 
down their opponents on Sat- 
urday and led to numerous 
fast-break baskets. When the 
break was foiled, Kansas 
pulled up ro hit 3-pointers. 

Kansas (25-1, 11-1 Big 12) 
led by 19 in the first half and 
went on to beat Colorado (17- 
7, 8-4) for the 16th straight 
time. It was the Jayhawks' 42d 
consecutive home triumph. 

No. 12 S. Carolina 97, No. 8 
Cincinnati 83 South Carolina 
hit a school-record 15 3- 
pointers, four of them in a late 
16-5 spurt 

The Gamecocks started 
three guards, who combined 
for 74 points. Larry Davis 
scored 30 points, B. J. McKie 
had 27 and Melvin Watson 
added 17. Hie Gamecocks 
(18-6) hit 15-of-24 3-point at- 
tempts. Cincinnati (19-5) fell 
to 1-3 against nationally 
ranked opponents. 

No. 11 Arizona 101, South- 
ern California - 77 Henry 
Bibby, Southern Cal's coach, 
could only watch as his es- 


tranged scat. Mike Bibby, 
scored 17 points for Arizona. 

Henry and his wife sep- 
arated when Mike was a baby, 
and Vir ginia Bibby raised 
their son In Phoenix while 
Henry lived and worked on 
the West Coast. After the 

College Basketball 

game. Henry Bibby shook 
hands with a few Arizona 
players, but not with his son. 
Mike Bibby made no attempt 
to move to his father and de- 
clined interview requests. 

Michael Dickerson led 
Arizona (16-6, 8-4 Pac-10) 
with 23 points as USC (14-8, 
9-4) saw its five-game win- 
ning streak end 

Hwi a chm rtt a 78, No. 10 

MaryfauidSI Lari Ketnerhada 
career-high 19 points and 12 
rebounds as Massachusetts 
won for the 10th time in 11 
games, beating lOth-ranked 
but free-falling Maryland 

Charlton Clarke scored 22 
points and Carmelo Travieso 
added 16 for the Minutemen 
(16-10). Maryland (19-6) lost 
for the fourth time in six 
games. 

No. 3 Minnesota 68, Iowa 86 

Minnesota moved closer to its 


Blackhawks Find Winning Form at Home 

Rangers 9 Gretzky Again Fails to Score; Drought Stretches to 19 Games 


/ 


The Associated Press 

Jeff Hackett made 1 7 saves 
for his first shutout of the sea- 
son as the Chicago Black- 
hawks won consecutive home 
games for the first time in 
.'nearly four months, beating 
the New York Rangers 2-0. 

Bob Ptobert and Alex 
Zhamnov scored Saturday for 
the Blackhawks, who are 6-1 
since Ulf Dahlen. Michai 
Sykora and Chris Terreri 

NHL RouHDOf 

joined them in the Jan. 25 
trade that sent star goalie Ed 
Belfour to San Jose. 

The game Sarurday drew 
the largest home crowd in 
Blackhawks history — 
22,819. 

Wayne Gretzky. the 
Rangers’ center and the 
NHL’s career goal-scorer, 
failed to score a goal, stretch- 
ing his drought to 19 games, 
the longest of his career. 

Dwih«,Cwudi«na1 Mar- 
tin Brodeur won in his home 
town and became the most 
^successful goaltender in fran- 
chise history as New Jersey 
extended its unbeaten streak 
U> 10 games with a victory in 
Montreal. 

. Brodeur improved his re- 
cord to 107-64-34 to surpass 
Chris Terreri for the most 
wins by a Devils goaltender. 

Bobby Holik. John 
■MacLean and rookies Steve 
■Sullivan and Denis Pederson 
scored ■ for New Jersey. 
Brodeur allowed only a firsi- 
period goal to Brian Savage 
•as he extended his career-high 
unbeaten streak to 1 1 games. 

- Coyotes 5 , Brain* 4 In 

Phoenix, defenseman Jason 
More scored 1:13 into over- 
time for Phoenix, leaving the 
Bruins winless in six games. 

Boston, down 4-1 with 1 4 
minutes left, got two third- 
yperiod goals from Rick Toc- 
?chel and forced overtime 
when Barry Richter scored 
with 3.4 seconds remaining. 

Craig Janney fed a pass 
from behind the net to More. 



Frir Hmu-rflhr Vunimi 


Don Sweeney of the Bruins setting up a slap shot 


His shot deflected off Bruins 
defenseman Don Sweeney's 
stick and rolled through goalie 
Bill Ranford’s legs. 

wmatar* 2. Swatof* 1 In 

Hartford, Connecticut, Keith 
Primeau, back from a stay w 


Colorado beat the Blues. 

Colorado, the league's No. 
1 team overall and on the 
road, won for the 18th time 
away from home. 

Flyers 5, Penguin* 1 1n Phil- 


New York Islanders victory 
over visiting Florida. 

Lapointe took a pass 
straight up the right wing 
from Dan Plante, swooped in 
on goaltender Mark 
Fitzpatrick and let go a 20- 
foot backhander from the 
right circle that hit the 
goalie's left pad and 'trickled 
mto the neL. 

Lightning 4, Capitate 1 In 

Tampa, Dino Ciccarelli 
moved into a ninth-place tie 
on the all-time NHL goal- 
scoring list with a goal after 
just 1 1 seconds as Tampa Bay 
beat Washington. 

Ciccarelli’ s goal was his 
573d and tied him with 
former New York Islander 
Mike Bossy. The 17-year vet- 
eran added an assist to help 
the Lightning end a four- 
game Swing streak. Tampa 
Bay had lost eight of nine. 

Ptem** 3, Maple Laafs 0 In 
Calgary, Alberta, Trevor Kidd 
made 20 saves for his fourth 
shutout of the season and Cal- 
gary won its fifth in a row. 

Corey Millen, Robert 
Reichel and Jonas Hoglund 
scored for Calgary. 

Kings 2, Oilers 2 Jason 

Araott scored on a power play 
with 1 :48 left in the third peri- 
od to help Edmonton earn a 
tie in Los Angeles. 

Andrei Kovalenko opened 
the scoring with his 27th goal 
at 9:09 of die second period 
before setting up the equal- 
izer with a pass from the left 
point that found Anton deep 
in the right circle. 

Ed Olczyk and Sean 
O’Donnell scored seven 
minutes apart to put Los 
Angeles ahead 2-1 in the 
second period. 

Canucks 4, Rfighty Duck* 2 
In Vancouver, British 
Columbia, Russ Courmall 
scored a goal and assisted on 


_ adelphia, the Flyers played 

Ihphramitai scored twice for without injured Eric Lindros 
Hartford. and beat the Penguins for the 

Primeau, who was hospit- sixth straight time at home, 
alized after an asthma attack John Druce, Eric Des- 
j flossed one game, scored jarchns. Pal Falloon. John Le- another to lead Vancouver to 
w -rtMk on his only two shots Clair and Daniel Lacroix victory over Anaheim. 

. the second period. scored, and Trent Klatt added vinmru ii 

,n Av*tene>*« s/bIum 2 Peter a pair of assists for the Flyers. 

FnrsberE had two assists and tetamten 1, Pantfwn 
Adam Deadmarsh scored his Claude Lapointe scored 
team-leading 24th goal as 2:46 of overtime to 


first Big Ten title since 1982 
with a victory over third- 
place Iowa, three days after a 
70-67 victory over second- 
place Purdue. 

The Golden Gophers (22-2, 
11-1 Big Ten), whose sticky 
defense forced 21 turnovers, 
came up with 1 2 steals against 
Iowa (16-8, 7-5). 

No. 4 Kentucky 85, Florida 

56 The Wildcats turned Flor- 
ida's season-high 30 
turnovers into 31 points and 
coasted to victory in a one- 
sided Southeastern Confer- 
ence battle. 

Kentucky (24-3, 10-2 

SEC) also held the Gators( 1 2- 
13, 4-8) to just 3-of-l 1 three 
pointers. This season, the 
Gators have averaged 8.8 
three pointers and 23 attempts 
a game. 


No. 5 Utah 94, Texas Chris- 
tian 91 Keith Van Horn hit 40 
points and made all 18 of his 
foul shots as the Utes held off 
a late surge by the Homed 
Frogs. 

No. 6 Duke 89, Florida St 79 

Six Duke players scored in 
double figures. led by Trajan 
Langdon's 24 points, to keep 
the Blue Devils' Atlantic 
Coast Conference title hopes 
alive. 

No. 7 Ctemaon 71, Virginia 

65 With Greg Buckner in- 
ured, Cletnson found some 
new heroes, worked back 
from a five-point deficit and 
beat Virginia, ensuring its 
first 20-victory season in sev- 
en years (20-5, 84 ACC). 

No. 9 Iowa St. 62, Kansas St. 

58 Kenny Pratt scored eight 
points in the final two minutes 


as the Cyclones rallied to vic- 
tory at Kansas State. 

No. 16 North Carolina 72, 
Georgia Tech 68 For the 
second time in a week, the Tar 
Heels ( 17-6. 7-5) rallied from 
a double-digit deficit in the 
second half to pull out an At- 
lantic Coast Conference vic- 
tory. overcoming a 16-point 
deficit in the final 9:14. 

The Yellow Jackets (9-13, 
3-9) had their biggest lead of 
the game when Jon Babul 
converted a free throw to 
make it 5741 . But North Car- 
olina outs cored Tech 31-11 
the rest of the way. 

Baylor 77, No. 21 Texas 
Tech 76 Doug Brandt hit a 
tying 3-pointer with four 
seconds left in regulation, 
then made four vital free 
throws in overtime. 


runs for the Cubs. 

But they were star players 
and they did not stay away 
long. Gruber last played in 
1993 and even then appeared 
in only 1 8 games for the An- 
gels. A herniated disk in his 
neck ended his careen sur- 
gery has brought him back. 

"I played with Kelly in 
1980 in Batavia in the New 
York -Penn League,” Kerin 
Malone. Baltimore's assistant 
general manager, said. "He 
was the shonstop; 1 was the 
second baseman. We’ve been 
friends since then. I called him 
Thanksgiving day to see how 
he was doing. He mentioned 
thar his back and shoulder and 
neck felt good. I said call us if 
you’re interested. ” 

“You can leave no stone 
unturned, because there are 
talent limitations." said 
Malone. “We're looking 
everywhere for talent and that 
includes looking to the past. 

“We think there's limited 
risk and maximum return. If 
we get a quality role player 
out of it. we feel we *11 get 
maximum benefit.'* 

When Bailes. 34. ex- 
pressed an interest in uying a 
comeback, it was logical for 
the Rangers to look at him 
because he is a left-handed 
pitcher. Forget that he last 
played in the majors with the 
Angels in 1992. 

Bailes has been out of base- 
ball so long that he has hod 
time to become a successful 
entrepreneur. He owns three 
children’s stores in Ohio and 
also an apartment rental and 
development company. 

Never mind. Melvin said. 
He cited Ed Vosberg. a strug- 
gling left-handed reliever 
whose career seemed at on 
end when he went to Italy to 
play in 1992. “Ed’s done a 
nice job for us." Melvin said. 
“You just don't know about 
the left-handers." 

Since Williams gave up the 
Joe Carter home run that de- 
rided the 1993 World Series, 
he played two months with 
Houston in 1994. then two 
more with the Angels in ’95. 
Now Kansas City is giving 
him a chance to resurrect his 
career. Only 32. Williams is 
— what else? — left-handed. 


o 

at 

give the 


The victory was just the 
second in the Canucks* last 
seven contests. The loss was 
the Ducks' fifth in their last 


seven. 






PAGE 2 


CRICKET England fight* back p. 1 8 GOLF Australians tame Tiger p. 1 8 HOCKEY Gretzky’s drought goes on p.1 9 



lieralb^^^Sribimc 


PAGE 20 


Sports 


#) 


S^ 1 


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, lWt 


World Roundup 


George Joins Raiders 


football Two of the National 
Football League’s most sought- 
after free agents have been 
snapped up. Linebacker Chad 
Brown of the Steelers signed a 
contract with Seattle, and quar- 
terback Jeff George agreed on a 
five-year, $26 million deal with 
the Oakland Raiders just minutes 
after die free agent signing period 
began at midnight Friday. 

Brown was coming off a Pro 
Bowl season in which he had 13 
sacks. George had been suspended 
and later waived by the Falcons 
following a sideline argument 
with coach June Jones. (NYT) 


Lipinski Wins U.S. Title 


FIGURE SKATING Tai* Lit 
spun seven triple jumps to beat a 
mistake-prone defending world 
champion Michelle Kwan and win 


the women’s U.S. Figure Skating 
Nashville on 


Championships in 
Saturday. The 14-year-old Ltpin- 
ski became the youngest U.S. wo- 
men’s champion ever. (AP) 


Castro Stops Duran 


BOXING Jorge Castro of Argen- 
tina denied former champion 
Roberto Duran his 100th career 
victory, beating the 45-year-old 
owner of the ’’hands of stone” by 
a u nanim ous decision. Duran is a 
former lightweight, welterweight, 
super welterweight and middle- 
weight world champion. 

• Sirimongkol Singmanassuk 
of Thailand successfully defended 
his WBC bantamweight title, win- 
ning a unanimous decision over 
Jesus Sarabia of Mexico on Sat- 
urday. (AP) 


Zimbabwe Wins in Rain 


cricket Monday's second one- 
day international between India 
and Zimbabwe was called off on 
Sunday because of a waterlogged 
pitch at Harare Sports Club. Zim- 
babwe won Saturday's match by 
eight wickets after rain reduced its 
target to 1 36. ( Reuters) 

Test Match, Page IS 


Niemann Sets Record 


skating Germany's 
Gun da Niemann broke her own 
world record in winning an un- 
precedented sixth title at the world 
speedskating championships in 
Nagano. Japan, on Sunday, the first 
world mark set on slap skates. 

Ids Postma of the Netherlands 
finished fourth in the 10,000 meters 
to clinch the men's title ahead of 
Japan's Keiji Shirahata. (Reuters) 



> M«;«mWBencr» 

Speed skater Ids Postma, right, 
after beating Keiji Shirahata. 


Own Goals Alter Fate 
Of English E A. Cup 

Chelsea Slips in Final Minutes 


C*xtvfcdbfOwS*tfFmnDi S f*xeha 

Two own goals changed the course of 
die English F.A. Cup on Sunday. One 
gave Sheffield Wednesday victory at 
Bradford City, and the other deprived 
Chelsea of victory at Leicester City. 

Sheffield Wednesday of die Premier 
League beat its first-division rival, 1-0, 
after a Bradford defender, Nicky Mohan, 
deflected an 84 th minute shot from Ritch- 
ie Humphries into die Bradford goaL 

In a game between two Premier 
League clubs, Chelsea led Leicester by 


Modem scored from a defence-splitting 
pass from Jonas Them. 

After die .break, M3tteo Sereni, the 
22-year-old replacement for Ferron, 
dropped a comer. leaving Abel Balbo a 


simple tap-in for Roma. 




2-0 at halftime and by 2ri with two 
minutes to go. But Eddie Newton de- 
flected a Garry Parker freekickpast Kev- 
in Hitchock to give Leicester a 2-2 
draw. 

Goals from Roberto di Matteo after 
16 minutes and Mark Hughes after 35 
put Chelsea ahead, but Steve Walsh 
gave Leicester — missing six key play- 
ers through injury or suspension — re- 
newed hope with a 52d minute header. 

The match was marred by scenes of 
hooliganism that have rarely been seen 
on English grounds since the the 1980s. 

About 100 Chelsea fans fought with 
Leicester supporters before the kickoff 
and shortly after the match started. Po- 
licemen made severak ai re st s , and at 
least one crowd steward was hurt. 

Saturday’s games had yielded three 
shocks. Second-division Chesterfield 
beat Premier League Nottingham Forest, 
1-0, to reach the quarter-finals for the first 
time in its 1 06-year history. First-division 
Portsmouth won, 3-2, at Leeds, and 
second-division Wrexham knocked out 
first-division Birmingham by 3-1. 

Sunday's draw for die quarterfinals 
paired the two second-division dubs, so 
one must reach the last four. 

Italy Second-place Sarapdoria, play- 
ing without die striker Roberto Mancim 
and die goalkeeper Fabrizio Ferron. fell 
by 2^1 to Roma Sunday and lost ground 
to Serie A leaders Juventus. 

Roma took die lead on the counter- 
attack in die 44th minute. Francesco 


’incenzo Montella revived Samp- 
doria’s hopes with his 13th goal of the 
season but Roma’s goalkeeper, Gio- 
vanni Cervone, saved Sinisa Mi- 
hajlovic’s freekick in die last minute. 

Alessandro Del Piero scored both 
goals in his side’s 2-1 victory over 
struggling Perugia. Del Piero put Juve 
ahead in the 37th minute from the pen- 
alty spot before scoring a superlative 
second in the 45th — a smooth turn and 
shot from just inside the area. 

In Rome, Lazio took the lead against 
finer Milan through Diego Fuser’s first 
goal of the season in the 25 th minute, and 
then conceded two goals in two minutes. 
Ivan Zamorano leveled the scores before 
Youri Djorkaeff put Inter ahead. Gi- 
useppe Signori earned Lazio a 2-2 tie 
with his 100th for die club. 

Milan beat Bologna by 2-0. Demetrio 
Albertini converted a 45th minute pen- 
alty fora foul on George Weah when the 
Liberian looked suspiciously offside. 
Then Jesper Blomqvist sealed Milan's 
first victory in four matches with his 
first goal since joining the club from 
Gothenburg last November. Two 
minutes later, he was sent off for a 
vicious foul on Igor Sbalimov. 

Spain Barcelona earned its belea- 
guered coach, Bobby Robson, a stay of 
execution by hanging on for a i-0home 
victory Sunday over Racing Santander. 

Robson's side went ahead at the end 
of die first half bur struggled after Juan 
Pizzi was sent off two minutes after 
coining on as substitute. 

Real Madrid chew 2-2. with third- 
placed Real Beds on Saturday. 

Athletic Bilbao’s Ismael Urzaiz 
scored a hat trick earn his side a 3-2 
victory over Oviedo, while struggling 
Extremadura continued their revival by 
moving off the bottom with a 1-0 tri- 
umph over Rayo VaHecano. 

GERMANY Juergen Klinsmann scored 






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Of the Year 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — Martina Hinges stayed un- 
beaten. in 1997 and won her fourth ooa- 
secutive tournament when she overcame 
Ante Huber, 6-3, 3^6, 6-3, on Sunday ia 
die final of the Paris Wanaea’sr 
For die second time this year^j 
won both die singles and die 
events ar the same tournament 

She has won all 18 of her singles 
matches in 1997, not counting a walkover 
in the Tokyo final, when Stem Gn^ 
defaulted with a knee injury, and three 



singles victories in tbeHopman Cup. 


mob Lrjrf'IV.WuH Pm* 

Pierluigi Casiraghi of Lazio volleying overhead against Inter Milan. 


twice as Bayern Munich started the 
second half of the season with a 3-0 
home victory over St Pauli on Saturday 
to stay top of the table. 

Klinsmann, who was often criticized 
in the first half of the season for his lack 
of sharpness in front of goal, struck in 
the 28th and 75th minutes. 

The reigning champion, Borussia 
Dortmund, secured a 3-1 victory over 
third-placed Bayer Leverkusen on Fri- 
day. But VfB Stuttgart lost 1-0 at 
Schalke on Saturday and foil eight 
points behind Bayern. 

NETHERLANDS PSV lost by 1-0 at 
Vitesse Arnhem cm Sunday to allow 
Feyenoord of Rotterdam, 2-0 winners at 
Volendam, to draw level s at the top of 
the standings. 

Twente Enschede, which beat Roda 
by 3-1 on Saturday, is third. 


PSV was knocked out of the Dutch 
Cup by lowly A Z Alkmaar Wednesday 
in its first game since the winter break. 

On Sunday. Arco Jochemsen sewed 
the wily goal for Vitesse with a long- 
range shot. 

Ffeyenoord started furiously against 
Volendam, who missed the defender 
Robert Molenaar, sold to Leeds during 
the winter break. 

After four minutes, Henk Vos scored 
after Volendam’ s goalkeeper, Edwin 
Zoetebier,- mishandled a cross. 

But it took Feyenoord until the last 
minute to find the net again, when Pablo 
Sanchez scored. 

Jari Litmanen and Patrick Kluiveit 


sewed as ^ax Amsterdam gained a 


confident 2-0 victory over De Graaf- 
schap Doetinchem but is still a distant 
15 points behind the leaders. 


has lost only four times, m 
matches since losing to Ai Sugiyama 
Japan in the second round' of 4be- 
Olympics. Two of those losses wefo 
against Jana Novotna, the other jsto, 
against Graf. . -i'y - 

Huber served two double faults artfr 
made two unforced errors in the ded^vb " 
eighth gam gftf the third 

to take a 5-3 lead and held her servfc iQ 
win the 1-hour. 52-minute match, yu” 
Huber had a break point in the-fiyft . 
game but hit a sho«t return and Hiagifi pt^ 
k away to go to 40-all. Hingis went$f 
match point with abitof luck whea&sftdt; 
hit the top of the net and trickled Over^, 
On match point Hnber barely^ 
turned Hingis's 9erve. Hingis earnest - 
to the net and put a shot deep into * 
comer that Huber hit back into the 
end the contest. 

"We’ve always had a 
each time,” Hingis said. "No one 
ever won easily. I know how she w3i 
play and she knows me very well.” 

Later Sunday, Hingis- teamed- wife 
Novotna to win the doubles against Al- 
exandra Fusai of France and Rite 
Grande of Italy* 6-3, 6-0. 

It was Hingis's third doubles fuuddf 
the year — with her third different 
ner. She won the Australian Opdft 
doubles tide and lost in the Tokyo find. 
She has won 13 of l4 doubles matches 
this year. 

■ Muster Wins in Dubai 






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For a Struggling Tomba, an Uncertain Bronze 


International Herald Tribune 

SESTRIERE, Italy — These World 
Championships were supposed to be- 
long to Alberto Tomba. But from the 
moment Tomba crumpled to the snow 
on a frigid Saturday night, breathing as 
heavily as a man who had just finished a 
marathon instead of a one-minute ski 
run, it was clear there had been a change 
of possession. 

Yes. Tomba would end up with a 
bronze medal in the men ’s slalom be- 
hind Norway's Tom Stiansen and 
France’s Sebastien Amiez on the final 
evening of competition. Yes, he would 
win his medal in typically dramatic fash- 
ion, overcoming a weak first run and 


World Ski Championships / Christopher Clarey 


what appeared to be a stomach virus, 
it there was nod 


But there was no denying that his aura 
took a beating in Sestriere, the same 
resort where that aura began to form 10 
years ago. Bronze is to Tomba what 
third place is to die soccer team AC 
Milan, and unlike AC Milan, it is hardly 
certain that Tomba is committed to 
clambering back amp the heap. 

After failing to finish the first run of 
the giant slalom, he was committed to 
performing better on Saturday. It was 
Tomba who, at the height of his powers, 
lobbied hardest for night slaloms. They 
appealed to his theatrical sense, not to 
mention his sponsors’ desire for prime- 
time television coverage, and the at- 
mosphere on Saturday . at the end of one 
of the busiest days in world champi- 
onship history, was electric. 

It bad been nearly seven hours since 
die American Hilary Lindh had stunned 
her European rivals under a pale blue 
sky to win the women’s downhill, and 
nearly five hours since Renatc Goetschl 
had beaten Germany’s Katja Seizinger 


and Hilde Gerg to win the women's 
combined and give underachieving 
Austria its first and only gold medal. 

As the slalom approached, approx- 
imately 20,000 fans gathered under the 
floodlights and a half-moon as Tomba. 
the big-event skier par excellence, tried 
to defend bis world title. 

He was seventh after the first run. 1.5 
seconds behind the leader, Amiez, and 
48-100ths out of second place. Clearly, 
he was suffering from more than bruised 
pride. He said he had a fever and 
vomited between runs, and after fin- 
ishing his second run and temporarily 
taking the lead with a combined time of 
1 minute 52.34 seconds, he collapsed on 
the snow, gasping for air. After failing 
once to rise, he finally regained his feet, 
waved his anus and leaned on a fence as 
his fens roared. 

If Tomba, the aspiring Hollywood 
actor, was indeed working the crowd (.as 
some skeptics in the finish area sug- 
gested), it was a boffo performance. The 
problem was that six skiers still had a 
good chance of knocking him off his 
pedestaL Slovenia's Jure Kosir and 
Austria's talented trio of Mario Reiter, 
Thomas Stangassinger and Thomas 
Sykora would all feel the pressure and 
fail. But two men who had never won 
any medal in a major event — Stiansen 
and Amiez — would not. 

^Amiez, the last of the contenders to 

by eight-tenths of a second midway 


through the final run but faded in the 
sen a 


stretch and lost the gold by a painfully 
slim margin. Stiansen 's combined time 


was 1 minute 51.70 seconds; Amiez’s 
was 1:51.75. 

“I would have rather been five-hun- 
dredths behind Tomba titan to see Sti- 
ansen ahead of me,” said Amiez, rather 
uncharitably. 

The congenial Stiansen deserved bet- 
ter. At 26, he has blossomed late com- 
pared with his Norwegian contempor- 
aries Lasse Kjus and Kjetil-Andre 
Aamodt. He did not even qualify to 
compete in the 1 994 Olympics, and was 
later dropped from the Norwegian 
World Cup team. But he has righted his 
career in the last two seasons, winning 
his first slalom in December, and his 
surprising victory on Saturday gave the 
Norwegian men a total of three golds 
and three silvers in Sestriere. 

The other big winners here were the 
Italian women, who got two golds from 
Deborah Compagnoni and another from 
Isolde Kostner. But the final day would 
belong to the Austrians and. less pre- 
dictably, the Americans, who had 
hobbled through a forgettable season 
until the 27-year-old Lindh streaked to 
the gold in the downhilL 

Though she contemplated retirement 
after last season and finished 3 2d and 
22d in the opening downhills in Decem- 
ber, Lindh has been steadily gathering 
momentum in recent weeks, and as usu- 
al, the powerfully built AJaskan saved 
her best for a major event. She won a 
silver medal in the Winter Olympics in 
1992 and a bronze medal in the world 
championships in 1996. 

“I. thought I could win a medal if X 
skied as well as 1 could,” she said. "To 


have it be gold, it really is a dream cone 
true. I was so close to not racing this 
year, and in December I was doubting 
whether I had made the right dunce, and 
obviously now I'm so happy I stuck 
with it It just blows me away.” 

Lindh’s time of 1 minute 41.18 
seconds was six -hundredths of a second 
foster than the silver medalist, Heidi 
Zurbriggen of Switzerland, who also 
nearly retired last summer. Sweden's 
Pemiila Wiberg wot the bronze. It was 
the only medal the overall World Cup 
leader could manage here: 

ft was Sweden^ first medal in the 
downhift, and the second consecutive 
gold for tiie American women. At last 
year’s world championships, the winner 
was Picabo Street, but Street's season 
ended in December when she core knee 
tigamems. Iin her absence, the stage was 
left to the older, quieter, more meth- 
odical Lindh, who despite her Olympic 
success, has never captured the Amer- 
ican public’s attention or imagination 
like her hyperactive teammate. 


Thomas Muster beat Goran Ivanisevic . 
7-5, 7-6 (7-3) Sunday night to win the Sir . 
million Dubai Tennis Open. Ageace 
France-Presse repotted. It was Muster's : 
43d career victory but only the third title _ ‘ 
be has ever won on hardcoutt. The bnlk ; 
of his titles have come on clay. „ 

“He gave me nothing,” said Ivan-^ 
isevic. “This was one of the brat 
matches of my life and I could not beat 
him. 1 had so many break points, so ; 
many easy chances.” 

Muster broke Ivanisevic in the 1 1th 
game of the first set. 

In the second. Muster saved four set 
points. He saved three set points on his 
serve in the 10th game. 

Muster saved his fourth set point of 
the match in the 12th game, recovering- 
after a fourth double-feult before win- 
ning the tiebreak comfortably. . 

More Tennis, Page 18. - 




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’It’s a special feeding no mailer who 
a last time.” Lindh said. “I'i 


won last nine, * unan said. "I'm looking 
forward to talking to Picabo to be able to 
share this with her. Tm sorry she couldn’t 
be here. I think she would have liked the 
course, but I’m very happy for myself.*' 
Tomba sounded happy, too. “This 
medal for me is very good,” he said. “I 
was sick, and after what happened in tire 
I Just wanted to get to die 


Rsrhaps, but tins much is clear If 
Tomba, now 30, is serioas about skiilig in 
next year’s Winter Olympics: either he 
rededicates himself to the sport that made 
him a national icon and an international 
celebrity, or that sport will pass him by. 



Martina Hingis of SwitzerfondW 
turning a shot a gains t Anke Huber. 


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