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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


R 


Paris, Monday, February 24, 1997 



No. 35.453 


Will France 
Make New 
About-Face 
On NATO? 

Internal Pressures 
May Keep Paris Out 
Of Military Structure 


By Craig R, Whitney 

New York Times Service . 

PARIS — France said more rh«n a ■ 
year ago that it would rejoin the NATO 
commands ii left in I9w5 if the United 
States would concede more of them to 
European officers. But now the French 
government is under increasing domes- 
tic pressure to stay out and will probably 
decide to do so this spring, many French 
and American officials say. 

NATO diplomats and French offi- 
cials said that in talks held last week by 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 
in Paris and other European capitals, 
neither the United States nor France barf 
changed its position on the main stum- 
bling block. 

That is President Jacques Chirac’s 
demand that the United States give up 
the right to name the officer in com- 
mand of Allied Forces Southern Europe 
in Naples, whose main asset in wartime 
would be the U.S. 6th Fleet, 

The Clinton administration, with 
Congress behind it, insists that a TJJS. 
admiral stay in charge. It has already 
agreed to a reorganization of die North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization that would 
put real power into the hands of the 
alliance's European deputy command- 
er, allowing Europeans to use NATO 
equipment and communications for 
military operations of their own, of- 
ficials say. 

On Feb. 17, according to diplomats 
who were present, Mr. Chirac told Mrs. 
Albright that France would seek to 
reach a compromise with the United 
States by April or May, but that if no 
agreement could be found, be would 
keep France out of die military struc- 
ture, with no hard feelings. He said 
another effort to resolve the issue would 
be made again in two or three years. 

“If the French don’t come back in,” 
one American official said, “the Euro- 
pean separate defense identity they 
wanted will just develop within NATO 
without them.” 

Mr. Chirac’s conservative govern- 
ment is grappling with seemingly in- 
tractable problems. At die top of the list 
are unwanted immigration from former 

See FRANCE, Page 8 



Dolly, the world’s first done of an adnlt mammal, in her pen Sunday. 


A Brave New World? 
Adult Mammal Cloned 


By Gina Kolata 

New York Time* Service 

NEW YORK — In a feat that may 
be the one lnt of generic engineering 
that has been anticipated and dreaded 
more than any other, researchers in 
Britain are reporting that they have 
cloned an adult mammal for the first 
rime. 

The group.hcaded by lan Wilmut, 
an embryologist at the Ro&tin Institute 
in Edinburgh, bas created a lamb us- 
ing DNA from an adoltshcep. 

The researchers’ achievement 
shocked leading scientists who had 
said it could not be done. They had 
assumed that the DNA of adult cells 
would not act like die DNA formed 
when a sperm’s genes first mingle 
with those of an egg. 

In theory; researchers said, the 
same techniques could be used to take 
a cell from an adnlt human and use the 


DNA to create a genetically identical 
human — a time-delayed twin. That 
prospect raises the thorniest of ethical 
and philosophical questions. 

Dr. Wifinut’s e x pe rim ent was 
simple, in retrospect. He took a mam- 
mary cell from an adult sheep and 
prepared its DNA so it would be ac- 
cepted by an egg from another sheep. 
He then removed the egg’s own DNA, 
replacing it with the DNA from the 
adult sheep by fusing theegg with the 
adult cell. The fused cells, carrying 
die adult DNA, began to grow and 
divide, just like a perfectly normal 
fertilized egg, to form an embryo. 

Dr. Wilmut implanted the embryo 
into another ewe; in My, the ewe 
gave birth to a lamb, named Dolly. 
Though Dolly seems perfectly nor- 
mal, DNA tests show that she is the 
clone of (be adult ewe who supplied 

See CLONE, Page 7 


U.S. -China Rights Deal Seems Near 

Release of Dissidents Could Herald Breakthrough 


By Patrick E. Tyler 

New York Tunes Service 

BEUING — Chen Timing, sentenced 
as one of the “black hands” behind the 
1989 Tiananmen uprisings, was the first 
of a number of political prisoners who 
have been suddenly — and mysteri- 
ously — released from their prison cells, 
though he is now being held at home by 
a dozen guards. 

His release Nov. 6 was followed by 
that of a little known dissident from 
Inner Mongolia named Ulan SJiovo, 
who was abruptly seat home this winter 
before the end of his prison term. And, 
on Jan. 25, the Chinese journalist Xi 
Yang was just as suddenly paroled from 
the 12-year prison sentence be drew in 
] 994 for reporting “state secrets'' about 
China's inflation rate and gold prices. 

Only a handful of senior government 
officials in Washington and Beijing 
knew the connection between these three 
oases. Each was on the list of political 
prisoners presented last July by Anthony 
Lake, then President Bill Clinton's na- 
tional security adviser, in talks with 


Communist Party leaders, who have 
since quietly directed their release. 

Now, after seven months of secret 
diplomacy. American and Chinese of- 
ficials seem ro be within striking dis- 
tance of a breakthrough in their long- 
standing dispute on human rights, 
which centers on the fate of thousands 
of political and religious dissidents held 
in prisons, labor camps or just ar home 
under heavy guard or surveillance. 

Under the terms of a deal that Sec- 
retary of State Madeleine Albright will 
seek to nudge toward closure when she 
arrives in the Chinese capital for her 
first official visit Monday, Beijing 
would agree to sign two key United 
Nations covenants on human rights, re- 
lease a representative group of up to 
eight political prisoners and restart talks 
with the International Committee of the 
Red Cross aimed at establishing a pro- 
gram of prison visits to determine the 
status of the thousands of prisoners of 
conscience in China. 

Some of the details of the negoti- 
ations have been made public in recent 
months, but the full package, including 


the list of political prisoners, has re- 
mained part of the confidential diplo* 
mafic dialogue. 

For Mr. Clinton and for President 
Jiang Zemin, this prospective break- 
through comes at a time of extraor- 
dinary opportunity and risk. 

With the death of Deng Xiaoning, if 
accords the new generation of C hinese 
leaders an early opportunity to bring to 
an end the period of harsh repression 
that has marked ihe years since the 
Tiananmen massacres of 1989. 

To emerge from their long “defen- 
sive crouch.” as a former ambassador. 
J. Stapleton Roy. used to call it. China's 
new leaders would have to stand up to 
the hard-line forces within the Com- 
munist Party. 

Those forces see any aef of political 
tolerance or human rights concession to 
Washington as appeasing those who 
would like to topple Communist rule 
here. 

It is anyone's guess whether the 
Chinese feel confident enough to go 

See DISSIDENTS, Page 8 


Albright on the World Stage 


A Touch of Star Quality 
And a Feeling for Fun 


By Steven Erl anger 

New York Tones Service 

TOKYO — As she prepares for the last and most sensitive 
test of her grueling, nine-nation, 1 1-day tour of the world — 
China on the eve of the funeral of Deng Xiaoping — Madeleine 
Albright shows every sign of having a wonderful time. 

Whether chatting in good French and getting seven kisses 
from France’s president and foreign minister, plunging by 
design into surprised crowds at Rome’s Forum, uttering the 


In South Korea, Mrs. Albright focused on the North’s 
turmoil, while in Japan it was trade matters. Page 4. 


cadenced sound-bite for television or even getting her talking 
paints exactly right in her brief visit to the anxious South 
Koreans, Mrs. Albright is displaying an energy, practicality 
and cosmopolitanism that senior career diplomats find re- 
freshing. > 

Mrs. Albright is die first secretary of state since Henry 
Kissinger, also foreign-bom, to have star quality, and she, like 
him, fries to use it to further her aims. 

While she has made no noticeable changes thus far in 
President Bfll Clinton's essentially reactive foreign policy, 
she is already moving to assert her role as the president's chief 
foreign-policy spokesman and player, taking back the ini- 
tiative from die Pentagon. 

Her honorable but preteraaturally reticent predecessor. 
Wanen Christopher, saw his role as Mr. Clinton's foreign- 

See ALBRIGHT, Page 8 


Thorny Issues Overhang 
Secretary’s Beijing Visit 


By Steven Mufson 

Washington Post Service 

BEIJING — Can the U.S.-China relationship rise from the 
ashes of Deng Xiaoping? 

Mr. Deng, who died Wednesday night, will be cremated 
Monday, the same day Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 
flies here to see if China and the United Stales can bury some 
of the differences they have had over the past four years. 

Mr. Deng was a supporter of good relations with the United 
States, recognizing it as a source of investment, technology 
and education. He established formal diplomatic ties with the 
United States in 1979, initiated the first educational ex- 
changes between the two countries, and visited the White 
House and made a tour of the United States that included a 
rodeo in Texas. 

But when Mr. Deng ordered Chinese troops to open fire on 
student-led demonstrators in Tiananmen Square on June 4, 
1989, part of the collateral damage was China's relationship 
with the United States. 

Military cooperation agreements were canceled, techno- 
logy sales prohibited, and, for a short while, investment 
slowed. 

This year, the United States and China are trying to make a 
newstart. 

The 1997 calendar is crowded with trans-Pacific visits: 
Mrs. Albright here Monday, Foreign Minister Qian Qichen to 
the United States in March, Vice President A! Gore to China 
in late March, various senior military officials shuttling back 
and forth, and eventually reciprocal summit meetings be- 

See CHINA, Page 8 


How Moscow’s Mayor ‘Gets Things Done’ 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — Stroll down broad Tver- 
skaya Street toward the Kremlin in the heart 
of this capital and stop for a hot pirozhok pic 
and cap of kvas at Russkoy e Bistro, where the 
food is cheap, the service swift and the motif 
thoroughly Russian. 

The smart orange uniforms, the borscht 
and tea. and even the architecture of Mos- 
cow's newest fast-food restaurant has been 
painstakingly chosen by one man. 

He personally selected the store emblem: a 
19th-century Russian Cossack officer. He 
then erected a 72-foot (22-meter) electric sign 
in giant Russian letters declaring “Russkoye 
Bistro.” And the money began rolling in. 

The Russkoy e Bistro restaurants are now 
s pro uting up all over Moscow, and no won- 
der. The man behind them is Yuri Luzhkov, 
the vigorous, aggressive, populist mayor of 
this sprawling metropolis of 10 million 
people. The squeaky-clean, chrome-and- 


restaurants are just a small glimpse of 
Mr. Luzhkov is marshaling a new land 
of capitalism onto the Russian scene. It is 
state capitalism, in which the government is 
the powerhouse: — choosing between win- 
ners and losers in the market, and becoming a 
big business by itself 
Soon it may also be launching Mr. Luzh- 
kov toward the Kremlin. 

From the modern look crfRusskoye Bistro, 
to the golden cupolas of the restored Cafeed- 
ral of Christ the Savior on the Moscow River, 
to the massive roof being stretched over the 
Luzhniki Sports Arena, to the giant tmder- 

Mai^xfa Scptare^in the teait^feel^fy, no 
detail of Moscow’s post-Soviet rebirth es- 
capes Mr. Luzhkov's attention. 

While it has become die wealthiest city in 
all Russia under Mayor Luzhkov’s rule, Mos- 
cow’s prosperity has come with brazen, cor- 
rosive illegality. 'The dty is rife with criminal 
gangs and protection rackets; bribery, kick- 
backs and secret overseas bank. accounts are. 


day-to-day facts of life; car bombs and con- 
tract murders have become common ways to 
settle disputes, and neither the corruption nor 
the violence has been brought undo: control 
by die city’s weak law enforcement author- 
ities. 

President Boris Yeltsin’s long illness has 
fueled speculation that another power 
struggle, and possibly a presidential election, 
looms for control of Russia. If so, Mr. Luzh- 
kov, 60, a one-time Soviet administrator who 
transformed himself into a disciple of profit, 
is increasingly described as the candidate 
who could represent the monied and pro- 
gressive interests of today’s Russia — those 
who, broadly speaking, want to continue the 
transition to free markets and democracy. 

The fight for power in Russia is a contest 
between powerful clans, and Mr. Luzhkov 
sits atop one of the mightiest, a group of 
politicians, city agencies, banks, businessmen 
and security forces. But he faces a serious 

See MAYOR, Page 7 




Yeltsin Says He and Clinton 
Will Seek NATO Compromise 


By David Hoffinan 

Washing 10 " Post ■ SfrWc * - 

MOSCOW — President Boris 
Yeltsin, insisting he has 4 fiiiiy re- 
covered” from hean surgery and pneu- 
monia, said Sunday that he and res- 
ident Bill Clinton would seek a 
compromise on the expansion of the 
Atlantic alliance at their summit talks in 


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Helsinki next month. But Mr. Yeltsin 
added that the West had “gone mo far in 
their demands,” apparently a reference 
to plans to invite Poland, -Hungary and 
the Czech Republic to join the affiance 
at a July meeting in Madrid. 

- “Our primary task is to delay this . 
move so mat in me future, if we manage 
redo that, we will erode it,’ 'Mr. Yeltsin • 
said, according' to Interfax. 

In his first public appearance in - 
nearly two months, Mr; Yeltsin laid a / 
wreath at the Tomb of toe Unknown 
Soldier at the Kremlin and spoke to 
w£X»teis..He was more expansive than 
in. previous televised appearances and, 
responding to critics who say he. is unfit 
to rule, declared: “They should know I • 
am a fighter, and I remain a fighter.” 

He said be had lost 26 kilograms (57 
pounds) recuperating from November’s 
heart bypass operation and from double 
pneumonia in January. “T am through 
with ailments,” said Mr. Yeltsin. 

He added, “My brain is thinking well 
and clearfy. I only have to recuperate 

See YELTSIN, Page 8 


AGENPA 

Swiss Guard 
Fired Over Files 

BERN (AP) — A night watchman 
who saved Holocaust-era bank doc- 
uments from destruction was fired 
Sunday and may face charges for 
violating bank secrecy laws. 

. Cbristophe Mali took “inappro- 
priate action” in rescuing archive 
material be found in a Union Bank 
ofSwitzeriand shredding room, said 
an executive at his security firm. 


MAE TWO 

Turkey and E IPs Closed Door 

( THE AMERICAS 

Mo* 3. 1 

| Mexican Officials Implicated 

| BUSINESS^tNANCE 

P*0*9, 

| Kokl to Debate Tax Reform 

Bonin - . 

......... Pmu. 7 


Pam 7. 



Sports.... . 

Pages 16-18. 

totem* Vphtcmm 

Page 12 


For Labour , No Pain ( and No Change) 

Blair Is Pinning His Hopes on Electorate’s Fatigue With the Tories 


By John Vinocur 

hnentatianal Herald Tribune 

LONDON — On the billboard at the 
end of the street, there is a vast photo of 
a serious-looking man with an unblem- 
ished face and an open -collared shirt 
selling something. In ’advertising's 
iconography, he is all receptiveness and 
reliability. . . 

His words stand alongside his picture 
in thick, white letters on a black back- 
ground, sturdy-looking stuff from the 
typographer’s tool kit. A small flourish, 
a this-I-do-pledge signature, sits under 
his message: literally, no new personal 
income taxes for the next five years. 

The man malting the promise is Tony 
Blair, the Labour Party’s candidate for 
prime minister. 

Elsewhere, Gordon Brown, who 
would be chancellor of the Exchequer in 
a Labour government, says he would 
stick to me Conservatives* current 
budget plans for the next two years. On 
further European integration, toe party 
more or less tracks with the Conser- 
vatives’ wait-and-see position. Trade, 


crime, social policy — whatever toe 
issue — Labour appears to have camped 
out on the Conservatives* line. For the 
Financial Tunes, they are “every bit as 
depressingly illiberal as the govern- 
ment.” 

On offer are new faces, but no 
change, no pain. This approach, in spite 
of British economic growth and em- 
ployment figures palpably stronger than 
those current in Germany, France or 
Italy, has made Labour a remarkable 1 8- 
point favorite over the Conservative 
government to win the national elec- 
tions that Prime Minister John Major is 
likely to call for May 1 . 

A maior Conservative backer like Sir 
Michael Bishop, chairman of British 
Midland Airlines and Channel 4, a na- 
tional television station, treats toe polls 
with skepticism and says that turning 
them around is difficult but not im- 
possible. 

“The fundamentals are us good as 
you can remember,” he says. “But this 
generation has no experience with left- 
wing government. Trie swing vote has 
all grown up and married since 1978. 


The Conservatives have slipped into the 
mode of being a ruling party. There 
comes a momentum for change which is 
difficult to stop.” 

Far the moment, the LabourParty has 
ascended to campaign Nirvana. It can 
tell voters the incumbents have done 
virtually everything wrong while re- 
assuring the electorate at the same time 
that ir will change virtually nothing. 
Whatever toe election results, Labour 
has succeeded in convincing a signif- 
icant pan of fee population feat a 
founder-member of toe Socialist Inter- 
national can now live happily with a 
market economy, far removed from its 
old workens*of-the-world rhetoric and 
collectivist reflexes. Even at Harrow. 
Winston Churchill’s old school, and a 
fortress of old money, the student paper 
has come out for Labour and Mr. 
Blair. 

“Labour's stolen the Conservatives’ 
clothes,” said John Carlisle, who has 
served on the majority benches in Par- 
liament for most of fee 1 8 years fee 

See BRITAIN, Page 5 




PAGES 



10NAL HERALD ^TURDAy-SUKOAX FEBRUAKY1-2, 1997 


PAGE 18 



est ernatic 

PTCERNAIjONAL HERAU^TRreU^ S I - 1^ 

INTERJNAIIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 

PAGE TWO 


Snubbed by Europe / 'The Subtext is Fear' 


Turks See Prejudice in EU’s Closed Door 


By Stephen Kinzer 
New York Tunes Sen-ice 


I STANBUL — Nowhere in the 
world is the divide between 
Europe and Asia as palpable as in 
this majestic city. Only here can 
one sit in a European cafe and gaze 
across a narrow waterway to Asia. 

Behind are Vienna. Berlin and Par- 
is: on the other side lies a vast, un- 
broken expanse that stretches to Bagh- 
dad, Tashkent and Beijing. 

This geography has bequeathed to 
Turks an identity crisis. For centuries 
they have been asking themselves 
where they truly belong. 

The question is more urgent than 
ever. Turkey is demanding entry into 
the European Union but cannot pry the 
door open. Turks are beginning to feel 
that Europe does not want them and to 
wonder if they should look for friends 
elsewhere. 

European leaders insist that before 
Turkey can be considered for mem- 
bership, it must improve its human 
rights record, end its war against 
Kurdish rebels and resolve its disputes 
with Greece. Many Turks consider 
these to be hypocritical arguments be- 
hind which Europeans hide their pre- 
judice against Muslims. 

“At every turn. Turkey is being 
snubbed by Europe,” said BaranTun- 
cer. an economist and former World 
Bank official. “Countries like Bul- 
garia are being considered for mem- 
bership ahead of us. countries which 
over the years have had no relation 
whatsoever with European political or 
economic values. The subtext is fear of 
what we represent religiously and cul- 
turally. People here are beginning to 
resent this attitude quite strongly, and 
anti-Western politicians are exploiting 
the resentment and fueling it.” 
Membership in the Union promises 
a host of benefits for Turkey, mostly 
economic but also psychological, 
holding out the prospect of steady 
progress toward greater democracy 
and prosperity here. 

Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan, 
modem Turkey's first Islamist leader, 
says he is as committed to EU mem- 
bership as any of bis predecessors. But 
some militants in tus Welfare Party 
would, in the words of one government 
adviser, “love an excuse to throw up 
their hands, say ‘Europe doesn't want 
us’ and turn in another direction." 

This impulse was on display in 
December, when Mr. Erbakan refused 



Prime Minister Erbakan has said he is committed to joining the EU. 


to travel to a EU summit meeting in 
Dublin. He said the Union was in- 
sulting Turkey because the dinner to 
which he was invited was scheduled 
after the meeting's official end. when 
not all heads of government would be 
present. 

Many Turks applauded the prime 
minister's gesture, but European lead- 
ers took it as a signal that Ankara was 
not really serious about joining the 
Union or did not know how to press its 
case. 

As further evidence that the gov- 
ernment does not understand the 
ground rules of diplomacy, Europeans 
have pointed to the threat by Turkey, a 
NATO member, to veto expanding the 
alliance if it does not receive better 
treatment from the European Union. 

European ambivalence toward Tur- 
key is hardly a new phenomenon. It 
dates back hundreds of years to an era 
when “the Turk” was a European 
archetype, a symbol of “the other” 
and even the Anti -Christ. 

Ottoman armies nearly took Vienna 
in 1683, and for a time the central 
question of Europe was whether the 
Otiomans would sweep into France 
and Germany, turning the continent 
into a vassal of the sultan. 

Europe's treatment of Turkey is a 
sensitive subject not only here but also 
in the broad band of Turkic nations 
that stretches across the Caucasus and 
Central Asia. The success or failure of 


Turkish efforts would probably affect 
perceptions of Europe across this re- 
gion. 


I N January 1996, Ankara entered 
into a customs union with the EU 
under which both sides dropped 
most tariffs and other trade re- 
strictions. But rather than bringing the 
two sides closer, the agreement has 
been a source of new discord. 

“The customs union created mis- 
conceptions on both sides.” said Mi- 
chael Lake, the EU envoy in Ankara. 
“The European side felt that Turkey 
would be preoccupied with making it 
work and not press for full mem- 
bership for some time. Turkey had the 
misperception that the customs union 
was a stepping-stone toward full 
membership in the next year or two. 
This led to a drifting apart, which both 
sides are now determined to reverse. 

“I do not feel that if die mem- 
bership of Turkey arises naturally in 
die fullness of time, the EU can sustain 
a veto on die basis of religion or cul- 
ture,” Mr. Lake continued. “That 
would undermine the importance we 
place on democracy. Turkey is the 
only fully democratic Muslim country 
in die world. To keep Turkey out on 
this basis would send the wrong signal 
to the whole Mediterranean basin and 
the world at large.” 

Not every European official is so 
sure, hi an unusually frank statement 


this month, Hans van Mifcrlo, foreign 
minister of die Netherlands, said it was 
“time for us in Europe to-be honest” 
about the religious aspect of the issue. 

‘‘There is a problem of a large 
Muslim state, " he told a canmittee of 
the European Parliament “Do we 
want that m Europe? It is an unspoken 
question.” 

Other obstacles to Turkey's mem- 
bership are clearer. Certainly the most 
emotional is human rights. A host of 
reports by groups that have inves- 
tigated conditions here say that torture 
is regularly practiced in Turkish jails. 
In addition, laws restrict freedom of 
expression, and dozens of writers and 
journalists are in prison. Army tactics 
in the war against Kurdish separatists 
often seem at least as brutal as those 


used by doe separatists themselves. 
“The human rights situation is a 


disaster,” said a European ambassa- 
dor in Ankara. “Turkey is far, far 
away from what the European Par- 
liament will insist on.” 

Government officials acknowledge 
the problem, although they insist that it 
is not as serious as some outsiders say. 
They are considering a series of mea- 
sures ranging from repeal of laws that 
restrict free speech to the creation of a 
ilice force thai would mon- 
itions in detention centers. 


itor 


On other issues that have been 
raised as obstacles to membership, 
Turkish negotiators have in recent 
months shown a new flexibility that 
contrasts with, or complements, the 
more militant position taken by Mr. 
Erbakan. 

They are offering to prevent a flood 
of low-wage Turkish laborers into 
Western Europe and to refrain from 
claiming the large sums of aid that 
would be necessary to bring rural Tur- 
key up to European standards of de- 
velopment 

In recent weeks, another concern 
was added to the list as officials in 
several European countries suggested . 
dial Turkish officials were protecting 
heroin smugglers. 


T HE diplomat who is leading 
the Turkish bid to join the 
European Union, Onur Oy- 
men, secretary-general of the 
Foreign Ministry, acknowledged that 
he faces “an uphill battle.” 

“If the EU presents objective cri- 
teria and says that die first countries 
which fulfill them will be the first to be 
admitted, we can accept that,'’ he said. 





rwW rhrio 

Istanbul, where the divide between Europe and Asia is palpable. 


1 ‘Let talks begin with all applicants, see 
which ones reach toe targets, and then 
admit th«n in that order. What is really 
unacceptable to us -is if different stan- 
dards, different criteria are applied to 
us than are applied to other countries. 

“It wouldbe a very great mistake to 
make the EU a religious or cultural 
entity,” Mr. Oymen continued. “It 
would be against everything we have 
learned about European values. We do 
not want a cultural or religious iron 
curtain to replace the political iron 
curtain toar we fought for 50 years to 
remove.” 

Many foreigners here believe that 
although well-organized anti-Turkish 
lobbies are hard at work in Europe, 
Ankara could do much more to counter 
them. They say that Turkish govern- 


ments have not tried hard enough to 
present their country's positive stde. 

4 ‘Behind us are 600 years as masters 
of the Ottoman Empire.' ’ said Yilidrira 
Akturk. an American-trained econo- 
mist who is a member of Parliament 
“We are children of toe Ottoman ex- 
perience. We don’t believe in bending 
over, even if it’s to pick up a big check. 
We want to preserve our {wide.” 

Turkish diplomats who are waging 
toe campaign for EU membership say 
they are engaged in a historic effort 
crucial to there country's future and 
cannot imagine ihq t they will be kept 
out forever. 

“Even in toe worst of times," said 
Omer AkbeL chief spokesman at the 
Foreign Ministry, “we were the sick 
man of Europe, not Asia.” 


jf> B IV 

* 4m 


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> 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


2 Projects for Rome Are Approved 

ROME (AFP) — Two major projects for Rome, an aud- 
itorium and a tunnel leading to the Vatican, have been given 


[ /: . . ' \ »• \S -■» , 

; •• . / WS&rc---- 


the green light by toe Italian authorities. 
‘ rili ' 


Both facilities, which were subject to lengthy delays and 
arguments, are scheduled to come into use by the end of the 
millennium, it was announced Saturday. 


U.S. Airline Accidents on the Rise 


WASHINGTON ( AP) — Accidents involving U.S. airlines 
claimed 380 lives last year, the most since 1985. Ail but 40 of 
the deaths occurred in two accidents. 

The 1996 toll amounted to one passenger death per 1.8 
million who flew, the National Transportation Safety Board 
reported Friday. That was up from one death in 3.7 million 
passengers in 1995. 


The Egyptian port of Alexandria was closed for a fourth 
day Sunday because oF poor weather conditions. (AFP) 


Bus drivers in Cannes, who had been on strike for 17 days, 
voted to go back to work Sunday, the union said. (AFP) 


This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be dosed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 


this week because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY; Brunei, Estonia, Guyana. 

TUESDAY: Kuwait. 

WEDNESDAY: Kuwait. 

THURSDAY ■ Oumnucan RcpuN/c. 

SATURDAY : South Kbici, Paraguay. 

Sources: J.P. Morgan. Reuters, Bloomberg. 



Med, 



By Susan Schmidt 

Washington Post Service 


AfaKtan-PiBK 

Bangkok fire fighters pouring water Sunday on the 
high-rise. At least two people died from the blaze. 



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Fire Claims New Tower 
In Bangkok, Killing Two 


' WASHINGTON — After four days 
of bruising public criticism, Kenneth 
Starr has reversed course and said he will 
not leave his post as the independent 
counsel reviewing the Whitewater affair 
until the investigation is completed. 

Mr. Starr appeared before an army of 
cameras late Friday to announce that he 
had made a serious mistake in agreeing to 
take an academic post at Pteppendine Uni- 
versity in California on Aug. 1, a move 
widely interpreted as a sign his office 
would not bung any major prosecutions. 

“My commitment is to the American 
people and to the pursuit of the truth, and 
I wul seek to fulfill that commitment to 
the best of my ability and for as long as it 
takes,” he said. “I deeply regret any 
action on my part that may have called 
that commitment into question.” 

The usually self-assured attorney took 
himself to task in a 20-minute question- 
and-answer session with reporters. 

“When I make a mistake, it’s a 
beaut.” Mr. Starr said, quoting Koreilo 
LaGuardia, toe legendary New York 
mayor. Mr. Starr said he would go to 
Pepperdme “in the fullness of time,” 
when toe Whitewater investigation and 
any resulting prosecutions “have been 
substantially completed. ' ’ 

He said repeatedly that the investi- 
gation was at a critical juncture in which 
evidence against President Bill Clinton, 
Hillary Rodham Clinton and their as- 
sociates was being evaluated. Viewing 



his pending departure as a sign the in- 
vestigation would yield no indictments 
would be “dangerous” and wrong, Mr. 
Starr said. 

He said Friday that his colleagues and 
others outside his office had persuaded 
him it had been “imprudent’’ to have set 
a date for leaving office. “If a message 
was unintentionally, sent, toe message 
has been canceled,” he' said-- ' 

Friends, lawyers on bis staff, partners 
at his law firm and editorialists all over 
toe country were strongly critical of Mr. 
Starr’s derision, announced by Pep- 
perdine on Monday, to become dean of 
its law r L --’ — J *■” 1: 

school, 
sonal 

to see to conclusion an investigation of 
importance to the nation. 

“Icoosulted inadequately with my col- 
leagues in my office.” Mr. Stair said 
Friday. He added that he had “trum- 
peted” toe collaboration and collective 
reasoning he has fostered in toe inde- 
pendent counsel’s office, but that when it 
came to malting a momentous decision he 
bad failed to seek his colleagues’ advice. 

“I’ve learned my own lesson, the 
importance of the deliberative process,' ’ 
he said. Asked whether be was disap- 
pointed about not going to Pep p erdme 
soon, he said: “I am more personally 
humbled than I am anything else.” 

Mr. Starr cited a letter he had received 
from Senator Arlen Specter, Republican 
of Pennsylvania, who said Mr. Starr’s 
departure would have a “devastating” 
impact on the course of the investi- 


gation. Mr. Specter and lawyers in- 
volved in die investigation said reluctant 
witnesses would be further dissuaded 
from testifying because they would see 
Mr. Stair’s action as a sign that the 
investigation was winding down. 

The independent counsel's office is 
still seeking to acquire information from 
Susan McDougaL a former co-owner of 
a savings and loan and a partner with toe 
Clintons in toe Whitewater real-estate 
investment; Webster Hubbell, a former 
associate attorney general and a former 
law partner of Mrs. Clinton's, and Jim 
Guy Tucker, a former Democratic gov- 
ernor of Arkansas. 

Mr. Starr's office won convictions 
against Mr. Tucker and Mrs. McDougal 
on Whitewater-related charges, but toe 
three have declined to disclose what, if 
anything, they know about questionable 
actions by the Clintons. 

Mr. Starr explained last week that he 
felt at ease leaving the investigation this 
summer because toe important decisions 
would have been made. His office, he 
said, had been set up as a “microcosm” 
of the Justice Department, where the 
pervading culture is one of law, not 


personality. He said his role was to bring 
his judemei 


judgment to the evidence and toe 
relevant law, not to sit at the prosecution 
table if there are trials. 

Mr. Starr said he bad been in contact 
several tunes with the special three- 
judge panel that appoints independent 
counsels to apprise toe judges of his 
intentions. He declined to say whether 
they tried to dissuade him from leaving. 


The Associated Press 

BANGKOK — Fire climb- 
ing through a newly opened 
3 6- floor hotel and office 
tower in central Bangkok 
killed at least two people and 
injured 107 others Sunday, 
toe police and media reports 
said. 

Helicopters were able to 
rescue about 30 people 
trapped on the roof of toe 
President Tower after the 
blaze broke out on a lower 
floor and spread through the 
building, said policemen at 
the nearby Lump ini Station. 

One man died after jump- 
ing from toe fourth floor of 
the building, while a second 


probably fell from the sev- 
enth floor while trying to flee 
the flames, the police said. 
The injured were taken to 


WEATHER 


Europe 


Police Hospital suffering 
ken bones, smoke in- 


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from broken I 
halation and shock. 

All but six, who were in 
serious condition, were later 
released. 

Heavy smoke prevented 
fire fighters from altering the 
building after toe blaze was 
extinguished, and toe Lum- 
pini station said other people 
could have been trapped in- 
side the smoldering struc- 
ture. 

All of the dead and injured 
were Thais, most of them etn- 

g loyees in the building's of- 
ces or workers who were 1 
putting finishing touches on 
the tower’s hotel portion, 
which was to have opened 
soon. 

Accounts of the cause of 
the fire and where it started 
differed. The Lumpmi station 
said an explosion was head 
on toe seventh floor, but ITV 
television reported that an air 
conditioner being repaired on 
the sixth floor had burst into 
flames. 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24,1997 

~ ~ THE AMERICAS 


PAGE 3 






Lobbying for Cabinet Nominees 

WASHINGTON — More than 75 leaders of labor 
unions, civil-rights groups and women’s organizations 
gathered at die white House to cheer on Alexis Herman, 
President Bill Clinton's embattled nominee for labor 
secretary and to pledge to do everything they could to get 
her confirmed- 

Tbe administration is equally committed to pushing 
through W. Anthony Lake as the next CIA director, but 
such a rally of supporters might be problematic.' 

With Congress returning from recess this week, the 
White House is gearing up its lobbying machine. 

Ms. Herman has a natural constituency that the White 
House is trying to turn to her advantage. Organized labor 
has embraced her and rushed to her side. African-Amer- 
ican and feminist activists likewise feel a stake in her 
nomination because she would be the only black woman 
in die Clinton cabinet. 

With Mr. Lake, there is no such obvious, visible group 
to come to his aid. The people wbo care most about the 
intelligence apparatus tend to be spies, policy analysts 
and others who either cannot or generally do not or- 
chestrate public relations campaigns. (WP) 

Democrats to Return More Funds 

WASHINGTON — An internal audit commissioned 
by the Democratic National Committee in the wake of 
questions about the party’s presidential-year fund-raising 
has identified additional contributions that will be re- 
turned. the party announced. 

The new Democratic general chairman. Governor Roy 
Romer of Colorado, said Friday through his spokes- 
woman that the Democrats would give back more funds 
because the sources of the money were either “un- 
verifiable or improper.” 

Amy Weiss Tobe, the party spokeswoman, declined to 
say how much money was in question because the audit 
was not yet complete. A Democrat familiar with the audit 
said that about 15 to 20 checks, most of them from Asian- 
American donors, had been judged inappropriate. (NYT) 

Quote /Unquote 

Resident Bill Clinton, arguing that the balanced 
budget can be negotiated without amending the con- 
stitution: “Balancing the budget only requires Con- 
gress’s vote and my signature. It does not require us to 
rewrite our constitution. ' ’ ( API 




A 4th Blast in Atlanta Leads 
To Fears of a Serial Bomber 


ures about official corruption, 
American officials say the 
Clinton administration is 
planning to certify later this 
month that Mexico is cooper- 
ating with anti-drug efforts. 

Senior administration offi- 
cials say that decision reflects 
a belief Oat Mexico's lead- 
ership is doing all it can 
against staggering odds. 

But many law-enforcement 
officials say it also shows that 
the Clinton administration 
considers the narcotics fight 
less important than fostering 
commerce with the third- 
largest U.S. trading partner. 


By Kevin Sack 

Vpm 1 York Times Service 


ATLANTA — For the 
fourth lime in seven months a 
bomb has exploded in At- 
lanta. The latest wounded at 
least five people at a gay 
nightcluband has caused law- 
enforcement officials to spec- 
ulate that a serial bomber 
might be at large. 

As the police investigated 
the bombing Friday at the 
Otherside Lounge, they found 
a backpack containing a 
second bomb in the club’s 
parking lot 

Using a robot, the city’s 
bomb squad detonated the 
second device without caus- 
ing more injuries. 

Last month, a bomb det- 
onated outside an abortion 
clinic here. 

As police officers and re- 
porter gathered at die scene, 
a second bomb exploded, 
leading the police to -specu- 
late that it might have been 
rimed to hurt investigators 
who were responding to the 
first explosion. 

Half a dozen people were 
wounded by the second 
bomb. 

On July 27, a bomb ex- 
ploded in Centennial 
Olympic Pari during the 
Summer Olympic Games, 
killing one person, causing 
the death of another and 
wounding 1 1 1 other people. 

There have been no arrests 
in any of the bombings. 

All three of the incidents 
apparently involved devices 
that were loaded with shrap- 
nel. 

Witnesses said in inter- 
views Friday night that the 
bomb at the nightclub ap- 
peared to contain nails. 

“Several customers 
thought a lady had been 
shot.” Rhonda Armstrong, a 
bartender at the dub, told The 
Associated Press. “She rolled 
her sleeve up and had a spike 
nail through her arm.” 

The Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation and city officials 
have not discounted the pos- 
sibility that (he bombings 
were related, although they 
said it was too early to know if 
the bombs were made the 
same way. 


‘We all recognized that 
mere are similarities here,” 
Woody Johnson, the special 
agent in charge of the FBI’s 
Atlanta office, said Saturday. 
” We will be searching out the 
possibility that we have a seri- 
al bomber.’’ 

“We truly believe that we 
are dealing with a rfmngwi 
killer.’ ’ Mayor Bill Campbell 
said, “but one who is very 
clever as well.” 

The explosion Friday oc- 
curred about 9:50 PJML oathe- 
patio of the nightclub, said 
Jay Spadafore, an FBf 
spokesman. 

The club, which primarily 
serves gay men and lesbians, 
is on Piedmont Road, a busy 
thoroughfare that was 
blocked off Saturday as the 


police searched for shrapnel 
and other clues. - 

Mr. Spadafore said that at 
least 100 people were in die 
club at the time of the Hast and 
that a bar across the street, the 
Hot Spot, also was crowded. 

“There were potentially a> , 
lot of witnesses,” Mr. Spada- 
fore said. 

There had been no warning 
call about the bombing, he 
added. 

Only one victim was se- 
riously wounded Friday, Mr. 
Campbell said. She under- 
went surgery, he said, but hear 
injuries were not life-threat- 
ening. 

Four other people suffered 
minor wounds, (he mayor ad- 
ded, and were treated and re- 
leased. 


U.S. Drug Reports Taint 2 Mexican Governors 


By Sam Dillon 
and Craig Pyes 

New York Tima Service 

The governor of Sonora, 
the Mexican state (hat borders 
Arizona, is collaborating with 
one of die world’s most 
powerful drug traffickers, 
creating a haven for smug- 
glers who transport huge 
quantities of narcotics into 
the United States, according 
to American officials and in- 
telligence. 

Officials said tins conclu- 
sion was based on a wealth of 
evidence, including “highly 
reliable” informers’ reports 
that the governor. Mantio Fa- 
bio Beltrooes Rivera, took 
part in meetings in which 
leading Mexican drug traf- 
fickers paid high-level politi- 
cians who were protecting 
tbeir operations. 

According to the accounts, 
Raul Salinas de Gortari, die 
brother of the former pres- 
ident, received suitcases full 
of cash and was responsible 
for distributing the money to 
those attending. 

Present and former offi- 
cials said the evidence of Mr. 
Beltrooes 's role was so de- 
tailed and compelling that the 
United States had included 


his name on a confidential 
document provided to the 
transition team of President 
Ernesto Zedillo listing more 
than a dozen officials suspec- 
ted of corruption. 

Another Mexican gov- 
ernor, Jorge Carrillo Olea, 
was also included because of 
repented entanglements with 
major drug dealers. 

While Mr. Zedillo did not 
name either man to a post in 
Mexico’s federal govern- 
ment, both continue to wield 
considerable power in their 
states and nationally through 
th eir promi nence in Mexico’s 
governing party. Both seem 
to enjoy a tacit immunity 
from concerted criminal in- 
vestigation in Mexico and the 
United States. 

Although Mexican gov- 
ernors are popularly elected, 
presidents have the power in 
practice to force their remov- 
al. Mr. Beltanes, in an in- 
terview, denied any links to 
drug traffickers and disputed 
U.S. law-enforcement offi- 
cials’ assertions that Amado 
Carrillo Fuentes, one of Mex- 
ico's most wanted drug king- 
pins, was operating with im- 
punity in his state. 

Mr. Carrillo Olea, who 
presides over Morelos, the 


stare just south of Mexico 
City, disputed accusations of 
cooperation with traffickers. 

In a four-month investiga- 
tion that draws on intelligence 
documents and interviews in 
the United States and Mexico, 
The New York 1111168 ex- 
amined how both govern- 
ments handled the allegations 
against the two governors. 
The result is a picture of of- 
ficial frustration <xi both sides 
of die border and, several of- 
ficials asserted, a case study of 
why drug traffickers’ political 
patrons often go unpunished. 

Despite the recent disclos- 


President Bill Clinton 
praised Mexico last week for 
arresting the bead of its anti- 
narcotics program mi drug 
charges, citing the act as ev- 
idence that the country was 
not tolerating corruption, 
even “at the highest levels.” 
Privately, however, offi- 
cials in die United States ac- 
knowledge that the political 
patrons of Mexican drug traf- 
fickers are seldom the targets 
of law-enforcement officials 
on either side of the border, 
even though they play an im- 
portant role in the drug 
trade. 


In 1996,. LG invested over USS9 billion to grow its business. 


OBSERVERS DEPLOY IN GUATEMALA — A guerrilla 
military observer from Canada to a rebel camp near Escuintla, 
Guatemala City. A group of 150 UN observers has deployed around the country. 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


Too Much Poetic License 
Is Cluttering Up Car Plates 

The blur of specialty license plates, col- 
orfully illustrated tags for which car owners 
pay an extra fee, has become so confusing 
that state troopers are troubled and legis- 
lators concerned. 

The number of varieties has risen from 50 
not so many years ago to about 2,000 today. 
Plates feature creatures from the en- 
dangered manatee to the hardly endangered 
Garfield the Cat. and promote causes from 
the preservation of Chesapeake Bay to the 
glories of duckpin bowling. 

• Some see signs of excess. A colorful ne w 
Pennsylvania plate depicts the Flagship 
Niagara as it blasts British targets at the 
Battle of Lake Erie in IS 12; the swirl of 
color and action, state troopers say, make it 
hard to read, especially at nighL 

Thomson Murray of Syosset. New York, 
wbo publishes an annual guide to license 
plates, gets frequent calls for help from die 
police. “They have a witness who saw a car 
with red letters, but there were birds and 
fields and sunsets,” he says. “The cop 
doesn't know what state it came from. So 1 
go through all the states that have red letters 
and birds and sunsets.” 

Some states are slowing the creative 
flow. Indiana has imposed a moratorium on 
new specialty tags. In New York, Governor 
George Pataki vetoed four proposals for 
new plates last year to stop the “annual 
deluge.” Thai still leaves die state with 

about ISO varieties. 

Yet nationwide, new tags keep appear- 
ing. Illinois has an artist working almost 
full-time on new designs. 

It’s partly about money. New Yorit raised 
$2 million through specialty tag fees last 
war. But that's not all, according to Mr. 
Murray. “License plates are the last vestige 
of states’ rights to do whai they want and the 


federal government be danmed,” he said. 
“It’s wonderful They can put a potato on 
their plate and nothing can stop them.” 

Short Takes 

Alaskan policemen have used genetic 
matching in a different stxt of crime case — 
the victims were sheep. LisaOrr-Hickey was 
fined $4,100 and banned from hunting for 
two years after a jury convicted her of il- 

AnSa^tiiat fedroed to 

hunting . 

Investigators serving a warrant at Ms. 
Orr-Hickey’s house seized sheep meat and 
sent it to a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
laboratory, where DNA tests revealed that 
it matched meat found at the kill site. 

The new approach, troopers say, opens 
“a whole new arena” for wildlife pros- 
ecutions. i. 

Births of twins have increased 42 per- 
cent since 19S0, to a total of 97.064 babies 
in 1994. Fertility drugs are the primary 
factor, health officials say. Twin rates were 
highest in die Northern and Eastern states, 
where mothers tended to be a bit older and 
thus more likely to take such drugs, and 
lowest in the South and West 

Where have all the dead cars gone? hi 
19th-century New York City, people 
thought nothing of simply leaving a dead 
horse at the side of the road. More recently, 
abandoned cars had become a major prob- 
lem, their stripped and sometimes burnt-out 
carcasses a symbol of decline. 

But the number of abandoned cars has 
fallen by nearly 90 percent in die last de- 
cade, tbe city says, to 17,218 last year. 
Officials in tire city, where a widely praised 
batrie against crime aud vandalism has been 
waged in recent years, list several factors: a 
nearly 60 percent drop in auto thefts 
(thieves often strip cats before abandoning 
them); a 1989 law that subjects car owners 
who abandon vehicles to fines and potential 
loss of license, and higher prices for scrap 
metal, winch make owners less likely to 
simply walk away. 

lalemadonai HercddTribune 


into a political and medical controversy, has 
Avtf3y Front Politics ruled that taxpayers cannot deduct the cost of 

marijuana as a medical expense. The ruling, 

• James Eari Ray, promising much andxe- published without fanfare Feb. 14, was an- 
vealing little in a prison interview, said he other strike by the Clinton admmistrarion 
would tell tbe true story of Martin LutherKing against new laws in California and Arizona 
Jr.'s assassination if he was granted a trial.' that legalize marijuana m some circum- 

" Put me on the witness stand and you ’ll find stances. (Nit) 

out what really, what really, what took 
place.” Mr. Ruy said haltingly to the talk 
show host Montel Williams. Mr. Ray. who is 
68 and suffering from terminal liver disease, 
appeared frail but alext as he gave the 15- 
minute interview from a wheelchair at a Ten- 
nessee state prison hospital. It came a day after 
a judge's decision kept alive his bW to take 
back his guilty plea and get a trial in the 1 
slaying. • Ar ' 


• An undercover investigation has found 
that many stores in New York City are ig- 
noring a new law that prohibits them from 
allowing minors to buy box cutters, which are 
often used as weapons in die city’s schools, 
according to Mayor Rudolph Giuliani. The 
mayor said at a news conference that 43 stores 
of the 73 surveyed bad violated die city reg- 
ulation. ‘ (NIT) 


eriffs' deputies training a bomb-miffing 
have misplaced five pounds (2^ kuo- 
js) of explosives at Mitchell International 
ort in Milwaukee — or the mawnal was 
n, the Milwaukee County sheriff said-He 
e a public appeal for its return. ( Ns*) 

kj Internal Revenue Service, stepping 


• A man being driven to prison in Mis- 
sissippi to begin a 40-year sentence pulled a 
handgun from b etw e en his legs and killed two 
sheriff’s deputies before running off into the 
woods, the police said. Eric Leondra Snow, 
21, was recaptured almost nine hours later 
after & manhunt revolving stale troopers, a 
patrol helicopter and search dogs. {AP) 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TlUBUl^ 


CSTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY FEBRUAKy U , 1997 

■ ' ~ ASIA/PACIFIC 




Tn Korea, Albright Focuses on North 


& W 


□mo Von KaopMgeaac hrawl’nne 

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright at Panmunjom on Korea’s DMZ. 


By Michael Dobbs 

VAahingum Post Service 

CAMP BONIFAS, South Korea — 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 
baa visited the last outpost of the Cold 
War to urge the Communist regime of 
North Korea to negotiate apermanent 
peace with its ca p i t a lis t neighbor. 

- Mrs. Albright’s visit Saturday to 
South Korea coincided with new ev- 
idence of political turmoil in the Sta- 
linist North. In the past week, the North 
Korean regime has lost three of its se- 
nior leaders through defection, death 
and removal from office. The upheavals 
in the North Korean capital, Pyongyang. 

follow reports of famine and devast- 
ating floods. _ 

During a helicopter visit to the De- 
mili tarized Zone, Mrs. Albright peered 
into North Korea through a telescope 
and met some of die 37,000 American 
troops assigned to defend South Korea 
from Co mmunis t invasion. She told the 
troops that the Clinton administration 
. was working to achieve a permanent 
peace settlement to f carnally end the 
1950-53 Korean War. 

When a soldier asked her about the 
chances of success, she replied: “It's 
very hard to predict. It basically depends 
on how much the North Koreans are 
hurting and whether they are willing to 
realize that a peaceful solution to this 
division is the best way to go.* 1 

Snaking 240 kilometers (150) miles 
across the peninsula, and bristling with 
minefie lds and observation posts, the 
DMZ is the last major symbol of the 
military confrontation between ideolog- 
ical opposites that lay at the heart of the 
Cold War. It has survived the fall of the 
Berlin Wail in 1989, the collapse of the 
Soviet Union in 1991 and the destruc- 
tion of thousands of Soviet and U:S. 
nuclear warheads. 

The secretary's stopover in Seoul, en 
route to Tokyo and Beijing, appeared 
designed in part to forge a common 
approach with the Sooth Korean gov- 


ernment on negotiations with the North. 
U.S. officials have complained that 
South Korea’s president, Kim Young 
Sam, has dragged his feet on any open- 
ing to Pyongyang for domestic political 
reasons, and has overreacted to a series 
of North Korean “provocations.” 

As Mrs. Albright arrived in Seoul, 
howe ver, die governments of North and 
South Korea announced that they had 
agreed to hold preliminary talks dial 
eventually could lead to a peace con- 
ference. The ‘‘briefing” 'in New York 
on March 5 will be attended by rep- 


re*ntativ« of (he United States ind 
China. ... 


ajr uunu w*- — - 

od and Washington. «• 

She said “frustrations 


She said "misiranauB vrr 
wato nuclear reacto- in 

effective freezing of its.unsupervjsed gartyt 
nuclear program. 1 


- U.S. officials linked the North 

Korean decision to attend die New Yor k 
SS .to tbe country’s ecorwrmc 
SSHnd the difficulty of feeding a 

I ”^cftto"do^fbod,” 
said an official in Mrs. Albright's party, 
noting that Pyongyang was expected to 
appeal to Ammom aid organizations 


Secretary of State Makes 
A Pitch to Japan on Deficit 


The Associated Press 

TOKYO — Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright tried Sunday to 
nudge the Japanese gove rnment to help 
trim the United States trade deficit 
She re arte a special pitch for auto- 


JMCif iubjuiaw M W i VMf 

her point by meeting with the American 
Chamber of Commerce on “opportu- 
nities and barriers to fair market ac- 
cess.” Nicholas Bums, the State De- 
partment spokesman, said. 

It was a matter of urging Japan to 
cany out agreements already reached, 
Mr. Bums said. 4 ‘She did not come here 
to negotiate trade issues,” he said. “She 
came to raise issues.” 

Mis. Albright's talks in Tokyo also * 
were with the trade minister, Shinji 
Sato, and the first by an American sec- 
retary of state to Japan's Defense 
Agency in 14 years. The goal was to 
soothe lingering concems over die U.S. 
militar y presence on Okinawa, where 
nearly 30,000 U.S. troops are based. 

Mrs. Albright apologized to Mr. Ike- 


da over (he belated admission by UJS. 
officials recently tinCMteBKm , Cto- 

nawa accidentally fired moreuw^ JOOO 
rounds of depleted uranium tadfets on a 
remote Okinawan range m 1995. __ . 

Though not a threat to civilian safety , 
the military’s failure to inform Tokyo 
for more than a year angered many 
Okinawans. . . .. A1 

Japan is the eighth stop for Mrs. Al- 
bright on a nine-country, 11-day 
aro und- tfae-worid trek. 

In a statement before she sat down 
across a long table from 11 male Jap- 
anese officials, all in dark suits, Mrs. 
Albright called Japan “the key to om 
security in the Asia region’ ■ and nailed 
the U.S. relationship with Tokyo as ex- 

e °^^teade deficit with Japan dropped 
to $47.7 billion last year. 

But it is still the largest with any 
country and an. irritant in foe relation- 
ship, as is Japan's reluctance — despite 
two years of U.S. lobbying — to take 

part m flji and-mferito ftofenscfoffii3r of 
offending China and because of strong 
parifiq sentiments in foe country. 


w^snmirtan hopes fhar die New York 
meeting evrafo^witi lead to four- 
natty on negotiating an end to foe 
Korean War; as pfopowd last year by 
President Bill dinton and Mr. Kim. 
North Korea hasnot yet Agreed to foe 
convening of a formal peace confer- 
ence. . — ■ 

Lasr month; North Korea twee 
reneged on a promise to attend the brief- 
ing,- m an apparent attempt to secure 

greater economic concessions from foe 

United States. K linked its withdrawal 
from the talks to its inability to close a 
deal wife the UJ5. com^ny Cfflgrll 
■ Carp. tmtlrepurdiase of 500,000 tons of 

SI Yhe United States has now promised 
to provide $10 miUioii worth of food 
asastance to North Korea forough the 
United Nations World Food Program, up 
from million lasty car. South Korea 
has promised a donation of So mimcn. 




tween Mrs. Albright and Sou* Korean 
officials was devoted to foe recant pohr- 
ical upheavals in Pyongyang following 
the defection of the Nor* Korean ideo- 
logist Hwang Jang Yogi to foeSonfo 
Korean Consulate m Beijing on Feb. 12. 
This was followed by foe replacement of 
Pome Minister Kang Song San and foe 
death Friday of Defense Minister Omc 
K wang. 78, reportedly of aheart attack 
Foreign Minister Yoo Chong Ha of 
South Korea said foat he and Mrs. Al- 
bright had agreed fold the pobwal situ- 
ation in the North was “volatile- and 
“very fluid,” and that Seoul agreed 
with Washington on the need to avoid 
armed dashes. 



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PAKISTAN PROTEST -7- Supporters of forma* Rime Min“ ter . 

Bhutto Wanting slogans against President Farooq Leghari, who dismissed her. 

•*0/1 a nudem 1 race. Pakistan, with which India 

1ZU ulfluU MJBV01C6S • has fougit three wars, has also voiced feats 

Die in Fire in India wm 


BHUBANESHWAR, India — At least 
120 Hindu devotees were killed an d 165 
were injured Sunday when , fire swept 
through temporaxy shelters at a religious 
conference in eastern India, the authorities 
said. 

The interior secretary, of Onssa state, 

S. G Hota, said in Bhubapesh war, the state 




the blaze swept through t ha tc he d huts erec- 
ted for the event. • . 

He said strong winds fanned the fire and 
swiftly engnlfedthe camp. The cause of foe 


fire was not yet known, Mr. Hota said. 
Most of the victims were men nap] 


ft By maintaining a far-flung network of news-gatfiering resources, the World's Daily 
Newspaper brings you unrivalled coverage of world politics, business and economics, 
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every morning. 


Most of the victims were men nappira 
after touch at the national conference, ded- 
icated to the memory of the Hind u guru 
Nigamanaoda, Mr. Hota said. (Reuters) 

Delhi Dismisses Fears 
Of Nuclear Arms Race 

NEW DELHI — India on Sunday suc- 


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sile and shruggsd off criticism that tiy move 
could escalate tensions in South Asia. 

Defease officials said the Prifovi missile 
had been fired fromamobite launcher at the 
test site in Chandipur in the eastern state of 
Orissa. An official at foe site said every- 
thing went as planned. The Prifovi, which 
has yet to become fully operational, has 
been testedlfi times since 1982. 

A defense expert, S-K- Sharma, dis- 
missed fears, particularly from the United 
States, that the launch would spark an arms 
race. 

“All this does not pose a challenge to 
anybody,” he said, “nor does it escalate 
tension in the region. It is basically a show 
of strength to prove that we have got, and 
can make and induct, what others buy from 
abroad.” 

Washington has urged India not to cb- 

S foe Prifovi — one of five missiles 
developed by India — saying its 
ction could fuel regional hostility and 


Taiwan Is Deploying 
U.S. Patriot Missiles 

TAIPEI — Taiwan has started deploying 
an initial batch of newly arrived U.S. Patriot 
missile systems, saying it needs foe weap- 
ons to counter possible attacks from China, 
the Defense Ministiy said 

Defense Minister Chiang Chung-ling 
told the Central News Agency: 1 ‘In the face 
of missile by foe Chinese Com- 

munists, it is absolutely a must for us to 
deploy Patriot missiles for self-defense. ” 

Taiwan has ordered 200 sets of missiles 
and launchers. (Reuters) 

Japan’s Crown Prince 
Assails Media Coverage 

TOKYO — Crown. Prince Naruhito, Ja- 
pan’s next emperor, used the occasion ofhis 
37th birthday Sunday to attack foe media 
for what he called exaggerated and stereo- 
typical coverage of the royal family. 

The royal family is usually treated with 
great deference by tire media bare. But 
several mildly critical reports last year sug- 
gested his wife, Crown Princess Masako, 
Had not gotten out of the palace enough 
since marrying in June 1993, and spec- 
ulation was rife in the tabloids over whether 
she was depressed or pregnant (AP) 

Indonesians Force 
Refugees Back to Sea , 

JAKARTA — Indonesia has sent back to 
sea 200 Qsnese refugees whose vessel had 
come ashore on an island, the state-run 
news agency said Sunday. 

The authorities in West Nuateneeara 


province provided the refugees with food 
and medi ci ne, then ordered them to leave, 
the Antara news agency said. The refugees 
were heading fit ) m mainland China for 
New Zealand. (AP) 


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6 Red Cross Workers 
Detained by Taleban 

Reuters 

KABUL — The Red Cross 
expressed co n ce rn Sunday 
over the detention of six aid 
workers arrested in Afghan- 
istan by the Taleban author- 
ities oa Friday and Saturday. 

Two male French employ- 
ees of Action Centre la Faun 
(Action Against Hunger), 
Frederic Michel and Jose 
DHniel Uorente, and four lo- 
cal male staff members were 
arrested. 











INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 ... 


PAGE 5 


<«ri. 


EUROPE 



Paris Prepares for Fight 
Over Immigration Bill 

Parliament Debate Follows Big Protest 


CunpdcJ fry Our Sag From DufWctar 

PARI S — The French government 
prepared Sunday for new parliamentary 
debate on its rough anti-immigration bill 
after a protest campaign that has em- 
barrassed ministers culminated in a 

■ march here by tens of thousands. 

• bill — named after In- 
terior Minister Jean-Louis Debre is 

due to go for a debate Tuesday during 
the second reading of the legislation in 
the National Assembly. 

Up to 100.000 people — film stars, 
students, trade unionists and intellec- 
tuals — look the debate into the streets 
Saturday to demand its total withdraw- 
' al. 

On Sunday, on the orders of the Paris 
city hall, riot policemen ordered hun- 
dreds of illegal immigrants who had 
occupied a church in northern Paris to 
leave the building. 

About 500 riot policemen swooped 
on Saint-Jean Baptiste Roman 
Chunch in Paris at dawn to evict about 
400 Asian immigrants who occupied it 
Saturday, coinciding with the march. 

The police said the Gauilist mayor of 
Paris, Jean Tiberi, ordered the evacuation 

■ of the church, in the heavily immigrant 
Belleville district, as the occupation by 
the immigrants and their children raised 


Rifkind Seeks 
End to Flap Over 
6 Jew’ Remark 


The Associated Press 

LONDON — Foreign Secretary Mal- 
colm Rifkind say s be wants an end to the 
controversy over a German newspaper's 
reference to him as “die Jew Rifland,” 
the Sunday Telegraph has reported. 

“I have no intention of pressing the 
matter, nor would 1 want anyone eke to 
do so," Mr. Rifkind was quoted as 
saying Sunday. 

Frankfurter AUgemeine Zeitung, one 
of the most influential and respected 
German newspapers, made the refer- 
ence Thursday in an article on a speech 
Mr. Rifkind made in Bonn on Wed- 
nesday (IHT, Feb. 21). . 

The article, by Michaela Wiegel, al- 
luded to a quotation Mr. Rifkind used by 
the 16th century Christian reformer 
Martin Luther. “As if his speech bad not 
quite stressed it," she wrote, "die Jew : 
Rifkind dosed — ironically apologet- 
ically — with the words spoken by the" 
German Luther: 'Here X stand. 1 can do 
no other.* " 

On Sunday, Mr. Rifkind said: “It was 
a rather silly remark by a young jour- 
nalist who herself has said she is mor- 
tified by the interpretation that lias been 
put on it. I really feel that as far as 1 am 
concerned the matter is now closed.” 

The article angered members of the 
British Parliament and made front-page 
news in England. 

The newspaper's publisher, Gunther 
Nonnenmacher, said n was ridiculous to 
regard the words “the Jew Rifland” as 
anti-Semitic, according to the Press As- 
sociation, the British news agency. “I 
am deeply worried about the reaction, 
but the paper won’t apologize or dis- 
tance itself from our report, he said. 


safety and sanitary problems. The im- 
migrants were demanding regular res- 
idence permits and a halt to deportations. 
There were no arrests. 

The government has already eased 
the most disputed part of the bill, soften- 
ing a clause that would have required 
private French citizens bousing visa- 
holding immigrants to report their 
guests movements to local authorities. 

In Paris, demonstrators began their 
march at the Gare de i’Est railway sta- 
tion, a symbolic rallying point from 
which thousands of French Jews were 
deported to Nazi deaih camps. 

Protesters have likened the proposed 
rules to those imposed in wartime 
France, when citizens sheltering Jews 
were ordered to inform to the police. 

Organizers estimated that 150,000 
people turned out, although the police 
put the figure ar 33,000/ 

The march was initially called by a 
group of French film directors opposed 
to a clause in the bill that would require 
them to report the departure of for- 
eigners invited to work with them. 

Rallies in several other cities, includ- 
ing Bordeaux, Caen, Dijon, Lyon, 
Nantes, Marseille. Strasbourg and 
Toulouse, drew crowds of up to 2,000 
people. (AFP. Reuters) 



Case of Nerves in Poland 
Illustrates Edginess Felt 
By Candidates for NATO 


By Christine S polar 

Washington Post Senice 


hard hranaMgmcr Kmr . hin 

A protester atop her father's shoulders opposing controls on foreigners. 


BRIEFLY 


Romania ’s Exiled King to Visit 

GENEVA — Celebrating the reparation of his Romanian 
citizenship after nearly 50 years, die exiled King Michael 
plans to make a six-day visit to his homeland this week. 

Michael and his wife, Anne, will arrive Friday in 
Bucharest for the largely ceremonial trip, according to a 
statement issued by his office. 

The king was forced to abdicate in 1947 when the 
Communists, backed by Soviet troops, seized power. His 
citizenship was revoked the followingyear. 

Announcing that all those bom in Romania had a con- 
stitutional right to be Romanian, the government of Pres- 
ident Emil Constantinescu last Friday gave King Michael 
back his citizenship. 

King Michael, now 74, lives in exile in the lakeside 
village of Versoix, near Geneva. 

Mr. Constantinescu. who was elected last November, has 
indicated that King Michael may get some of his rights 
back. This is in contrast to the previous leftist government 
of Ion Hiescu, who was deeply suspicious of King Michael 
as a potential rival. (API 

70 Detained in German Protest 

MAGDEBURG, Germany — The police said Sunday dial 
' had detained 70 people daring protests by leftists against 
ist extremism in Magdeburg. . . 

’total of 25 people were arrested after 400 protesters, 
some masked, threw bottles and stones at the police daring 
a march Saturday in the city in Eastern Germany. 

The march was organized in response to foe killing of a 
17-year-old punk rocker who was beaten and stabbed to 
deaih earlier this month. An extreme rightist has been 
arrested on suspicion of carrying out the attack. 

An additional 45 people were detained on Saturday night 
when a group of “punks,” a term often used in Germany to 
describe militants, tried to barricade themselves into a street, 
then fled to an empty house. The police stormed the house. 

A potice spokesman said 22 officers had been injured in 
Saturday's operations. (Reuters) 

Turk Nationalists Rally in Cyprus 

NICOSIA — The extreme Turkish Cypriot nationalist 
leader Mehroet Arslan has called cm followers to enter the 


empty Greek Cypriot town of Varosha and lay claim to 
bouses there. 

At a rally late Saturday at the fence surrounding the 
abandoned town, he said that a inarch would be held on 
March 2, finishing in a mass entry of Varosha. 

The island has been divided since 1974. when Turkish 
forces invaded after Greek Cypriots staged a coup backed 
by the military regime then ruling Greece. Negotiations to 
unite the two communities in a federation have stalled. 

The Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash said two 
weeks ago that people would not be settled in Varosha 
unless Greek Cypriots went ahead with plans to buy anti- 
aircraft missiles from Russia. 

Varosha, called Maras in Turkish, was a seaside resort 
town before the 1974 invasion, when the Greek Cypriot 
tion fled south. The Turkish Cypriot administration 
: kept the town empty since then. (Reuters) 

Austrian Rightist Stirs Outrage 

VIENNA — A senior party colleague of the rightist 
politician Joerg Haider has provoked outrage in Austria by 
instructing officials in his province of Carinthia not to give 
state building contracts to companies that employ for- 
eigners from outside the European Union. 

Defense Minister Werner Fassl abend of the conservative 
People's Party dismissed the move as “so unrealistic that it 
cannot be taken seriously." 

Leftist priBtidans have compared Kari-Heanz Grasser’s 
suggestion to Nazi race laws that crippled Jewish businesses. 

Mr. Grasser, a senior man in Mr. Haider’s freedom Party 
of Austria and the deputy governor of Mr. Haidar’s home 
province of Carinthia, issued written instructions for state 
contracts to be given only to building concerns who do not 
employ foreigners. He made an exception only for compa- 
nies employing citizens of the European Union. (AP) 

The EU This Week: 

Imemoionol Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

■ EU foreign ministers meet in Brussels to review pro- 
gress in the intergovernmental conference on reform, the 
talks are expected to focus on proposals for a flexibility 
clause to allow some member countries to forge common 
policies without being held back by a reluctant minority. 


WARSAW — As Secretary of Stale 
Madeleine Albright sped across Europe 
to push for the inclusion of East Euro- 
pean countries in NATO, the largest and 
most eager aspirant developed a whop- 
ping, and illustrative, case of the jitters. 

Poland’s nerves were set on edge last 
week by a surprise warning from a 
former campaign manager and adviser 
to President Ateksander Kwasniewski, 
who worried aloud to the media about 
future “Russian provocations” in this 
formerly Communist country. 

By week's end, the episode had been 
written off as a bit of ill-timed domestic 
gamesmanship. And its instigator. 
Zbigniew Siemiatkowski, 37, a gov- 
ernment minister in charge of secret 
services, bad bounced from the pres- 
idential palace to Parliament and then, it 
appears, to the proverbial woodshed for 
some frank talk about the differences 
between proof, truth and speculation. 

The controversy over security risks 
had a familiar ring of insecurity in a 
region looking for acceptance from the 
Western big powers. It was yet another 
whoosh on the emotional roller coaster 
that the top three aspirants — Poland, the 
Czech Republic and Hungary — are 
riding toward the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization's possible eastward expan- 
sion, analysts and diplomats here say. 

"The nerves are unbelievable.” one 
Western diplomat said. "Things we’d 
never think about — even remote state- 
ments — are interpreted and reinter- 
preted.” 

Nowhere is the race toward July 8 
being clocked as intently or as widely as 
in Poland. That is the date when NATO 
members open talks in Madrid with 
candidates for inclusion in the alliance. 

Here, unlike in the Czech Republic or 
Hungary, a majority of people support 
sending troops to defend other coun- 
tries. Poland is also unusual in the region 
in that a majority of its people agree that 
NATO troops can be stationed in their 
homeland, according to a recent survey 
by the U.S. Information Agency. 


And here alone. NATO has become 
the sole issue that produces no political 
divide in this scrappy democracy — and 
which has been championed in a high- 
profile and tireless campaign by the new 
president, a onetime communist turned 
social democrat 

More than a year after Mr. Kwas- 
niewski took office, local pollsters re- 
cently found that 9 of 10 people in this 
country of 38 million support NATO 
membership, a level of support that tops 
any other country in Eastern Europe. 

By contrast a recent Gallup Poll in 
Hungary found that slightly less than 
half of the people favored joining NATO 
and nearly one-quarter were undecided. 

The incident involving Mr. Siemi- 
atkowski underscored how sensitive 
Poland is to any threat to its chances of 
joining NATO. In an interview with the 
newspaper Rzeczpospolita, Mr. Sieroi- 
atkowski said that Polish counterintel- 
ligence had noted more intensive con- 
tacts between Russian diplomats and 
Polish politicians, aimed at currying fa- 
vor for Russia's stand against NATO 
enlargement. 

Noting that U.S. news organizations 
were questioning President Bill Clin- 
ton’s NATO expansion policy, he al- 
luded vaguely but ominously to the 
“possibility of a coordinated action 1 ’ by 
Russian special services and the pos- 
sibility of a scandal that could block 
Poland's chances. 

Mr. Siemiatkowski 's statements 
prompted a firestorm of criticism from 
politicians across the political spectrum, 
including the president, who demanded 
an explanation, and the Russians. 

“Speculation unsupported by evi- 
dence indicates that someone in Poland 
is interested in an anti-Russian cam- 
paign and spy mania,' ' the Russians said 
in a statement. 

By the weekend. Mr. Siemiatkowski 
had a distinct deer-in-the-headlights 
look about him. A special committee of 
Parliament is investigating his state- 
ments, which, according to some ob- 
servers, likely were spawned by polit- 
ical infighting and an attempt by the 
young minister to gain more authority. 


Italy’s Ex-Communists Promote 
Left-Right Unity on Social Policy 


Reuurs 

— -ROME — ^ Italy’s former Commu- 
nists, now the main engine of govern- 
ment after decades shut out of power, 
ended a four-day convention on Sunday 
calling for left and right to pull together 
to tackle key constitutional and welfare 
reforms. 

Change was one of the buzzwords as 
more than 1,000 delegates from the 
Democratic Party of toe Left (PDS) 
packed a sports stadium for what could 
well be their last gathering. 

The party leader, Massimo D'Alema, 
who steered the left to its first taste of 
government for nearly half a century at 
last April's general election, now wants 
to relaunch the PDS in the spring with a 
new name and logo to consolidate its 
power further. 


In a keynote speech to the convention 
on Saturday night, he appealed for-cour- 
age to ensure dial the left did not throw 
away its chance to lead the renewal of 
Italy. 

But Mr. D’AJema, who beads a cross- 
party commission charged with out- 
lining reforms of Italy’s constitution, 
urged a show of “common responsi- 
bility” and generosity from the center- 
right opposition Freedom Alliance to 
strengthen Italy's fractious political 
system and ensure it is in shape to help 
found a European single currency. 

The Democratic Party of the Left 
hopes to unveil its new look, which 
could wipe the last vestiges of com- 
munism off the part)' logo, in April and 
newspapers say it will be called the 
“Democratic and European Left.” 


BRITAIN: Abandoning Leftist Rhetoric, Labour Party Pins Hopes on No Pain , No Change Strategy 


Continued from Page 1 

Conservatives have held power since Mar- 
4 garet ’Hiatcher’s electicm in 1979. 

The Labour response is too skillful to try to 
argue the point. Calum Macdonald, a Labour 
MP from Scotland, said quietly: "The fact is, 
most people are doing fairly well, and they 
, - don't want you to sweep it all away. In the 

70s and ’80s, Labour had the reputation of 
being not fit to govern. The party was seen as 
■ economically incompetent, politically incom- 
petent, and alienated from and hostile to mod- 
em economics. Tony Blair has overcome 
those negatives.” 

The circumstances present some startling 
contradictions. In 1992. with the economy in 
deep recession, the Conservatives, led far the 
first time by Mr. Major, won re-election with 
a workable majority. Now, with the country's 
recovery winning the praise of the European 
: Commission for its long duration, the per- 
formance figures seem to mean relatively 

Unemployment is declining, 8.1 percent in 
Britain compare d w ith I2J percent in France, 

• according to OECD projections for the end of 
1997. Disposable income is increasing byZ5 
percent to 3 percent per year, and real growth 
± - is roughly projected by the Organization tor 

Economic Cooperation and Development to 
be faster this year than in Germany or France, 
or even Japan. Polls show, moreover, that the 
electorate trusts the Conservatives to handle 
the economy better than Labour. 

Mr. Major dismisses New Labour, as the 
party* likes to refer to itself, as "one great 
marketing scam.” 

■“IF it would win a vote, please a newspaper 
editor, satisfy a pressure group. Labour would 
- sav anything,” he says. 

'But the glow is missing from uie pnrrus 
minister's tenure. The “reel-good factor 
that convinces voters they are participants , in 
the growth process and wins elections for 
incumbents has not seeped from the stanstocs 
into basic public assumptions. Michael 

• Howard, the home secretary, who might at- 
■ tempt to succeed Mr. Major at the head of the 

Conservative Party in the event of an election 

• loss, said as much in an uiterview. * We ve set 
examples for the world,” he claimed. But the 

• British. Mr. Howard also insisted, “are world 
” champions in self-denigration. 

* John Plender, who has analywd British 

^ capitalism in a book called ^ Stakc m the 
Future." argues that “the Thatchente ex- 

• penmen! really did inuwform the British 
economy and arrest its relative decline. 


However, he says, the very special aspect of 
the phenomenon is that it seems ‘ ’not to have 
been translated into any great sense of ma- 
terial improvemenL 1 ' 

“There appears to have been a breakdown 
jp the transmission mechanism that leads 
from economic growth to happiness.” Mr. 
Plender said. 

It has happened before. During the 1930s, 
while people generally felt miserable, Mr. 
Plender said, the British economy actually 
grew from 1932 at its fastest rate of the 
century. In the period from 1873 to 1896. he 
said, there was significant growth and an 
increase in real earnings, but so much fear, 
insecurity and a notion of decline because of 
accelerated industrialization that the period 
became known in British history as the Great 
Dei 

• seems to have deftly woven a 


one of the country’s biggest banks, says that 
while “the economy has undoubtedly turned 
around.” the marks left by the government's 
policies have been so deeply felt thai giving it 
credit for the recovery is next to impossible 
for many people. 

The government raised taxes quickly after 
taking office, then pulled sterling out of the 
European exchange rate mechanism in a dis- 
play of “cataclysmic incompetence,’' he 
said. 

When the housing market imploded a few 
years ago, leaving up to 2 million homeown- 
ers with borrowings greater than the value of 
their houses, the government decided to wait 
for a natural recovery. The process gradually 
righted itself, but minus the feel-good aspect, 
and with a reinforced sense of precariousoess 
and insecurity. 

Mr. Kem sees “the current economic suc- 


The glow is missing from Mr. Major’s tenure. The ‘feel-good 
factor 9 that convinces voters they are participants in the 
growth process and wins elections for incumbents has not 
seeped from the statistics into basic public assumptions. 


winning proposition from the strands of in- 
security of a life in which the middle class is 
experiencing job loss for the first time, as well 
as the wear of the Conservatives' 18 years in 
power, doubts about Mr. Major's decisive- 
ness, and bis party’s continuing intra-mural 
disputes. 

Labour has in Mr. Blair someone who does 
not inspire mistrust, contempt or envy; his 
promises, essentially doing what the Con- 
servatives have done with a fresh coat of 
paint, seem attainable. Britain is, after all. 
Labour’s friends point out. a country where 
Margaret Thatcher never won more than 43 
percent of the vote, and actually raised public 
spending over her decade in office. 

“Labour has adopted most of the tenets of 
the humane right,” Mr. Plender says. "Blair 
thinks that if you're dealing with an extremely 
insecure electorate, you must offer a very 
conservative program. So it’s: ‘I offer you the 
status quo in a slightly more humane way. 
What I am not prepared to do is to explain to 
you how in any detail.* ” 

What is more clear is how the Conser- 
vatives managed to climb out of recession and 
lose voter support ax the same time. David 
Kern, chief economist of the NatWest Group, 


cess as not generally perceived in a personal 
way.” 

“You don’t feel grateful to anyone.” he 
said. "Labour has been very astute in con- 
veying its awareness of the problem. They 
can’t eliminate it, but they appear more pas- 
sionate. more willing to address it. They have 
tried very hard to convince everyone there is 
no great risk in Labour.” 

Where Labour expects to pick up its new 
votes is among the 5 percent to 7 percent of 
the_ electorate it regards as swing voters, par- 
ticularly blue-collar workers who saw them- 


selves rising into the middle-class during the 
Thatcher years. As much as Mr. Blair's ap- 
proach seems like President Bill Clinton’s 
move toward the center, these British voters 
can be likened to Reagan Democrats who, for 
a period, left a parly they felt was no longer 
looking out for their interests. 

Giles Radice. a Labour MP who has written 
about this group, said with smiling self-de- 
precation that the essentia] change for Labour 
was “that these people now distrust us about 
equally to the Tories." 

“The Tories put up taxes," he said. "The 
other thing is that Blair is a big plus over Neil 
Kinnock.’ 1 the Labour leader of the 1980s and 
early 1990s. 

Meanwhile, the Conservative approach 
seems to be, in part one of waiting as long as 
possible before announcing the date of the 
election (it must be held by May 22 under the 
law) so that the good economic statistics may 
have additional time to sink in. 

There are also indications that the party 
may choose to underscore its hostility to fur- 
ther integration in the European Union so as to 
point to Labour, with its less rejectionist 
stance, as willing to sell out British sov- 
ereignty. The Europe issue is only sixth or 
eighth in the order of concern to voters, de- 
pending cm the poll, bux potentially much 
more important among the blue-collar swing 
voters for whom patriotism is a sensitive 
concern. 

Michael Howard will tell voters that if they 
vote Labour into power, Britain will lose its 
competitive edge and stand a chance of being 
absorbed into a faceless Europe. He thinks the 
Conservatives can still win. Otherwise, he 
says, "I will tell them I think this will all end 
in tears." 

For Mr. Major, the message is as simple: 
"You can’t trust Labour with Britain's fu- 
ture." 


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t N TERNAT 1 ONAl HERALD TRIBUNE. SATURD Ay-StUUftAX FEBRUARY 1-2. XW 
POjERNAIIONA^ HERAIJO^TRIBI INKJK^TOAVJ gKRT lAJfY .ttl. 


PAGE 6 


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 " 

EDITORIALS /OPINION 


lleralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISH KD WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Mexico and Drugs 


The arrest on drug trafficking 
charges of the general who led Mex- 
ico's narcotics- fighting program is 
Shocking evidence of how difficult it 
will be to stem the flow of drugs. 


Just two months ago, America's top 
McCaf- 


drug fighter. General Barry 
frey, praised his newly appointed Mex- 
ican counterpart. General Jesus Gu- 
tierrez Rebollo, as a man of 
"unquestioned integrity." Now Gen- 
eral Gutierrez stands accused of ac- 
cepting bribes from and collaborating 
with leading Mexican drug traffickers. 
His reputation for integrity had 
stemmed from his crackdowns on the 
drug trade while a regional command- 
er. Now he is suspected of ignoring his 
favored traffickers and moving only 
against their rivals. 

The scandal raises questions about a 
major premise of drug policy in Mex- 
ico — namely, that its military would 
be more immune to corruption than the 
already corrupted civilian narcotics 
agencies. It also raises the frightening 
possibility that General Gutierrez, who 
received high-level briefings in Wash- 
ington, has already disclosed strategies 
and secret informants to his alleged 
drug lord patrons. 

President Bill Clinton must decide, 
by next Sarurday. whether to certify 


that Mexico and other nations are co- 
operating with U.S. drug efforts. He 
can either grant full certification, deny 
certification or allow certification 
based on “vital national interests" 
even if cooperation is less titan fall. 
Nations drat are not certified lose most 
forms of economic assistance (except 
for countemarcotics aid) and Wash- 
ington must vote against loans to these 
nations from international institutions. 
Last year, Colombia joined five other 
decertified countries: Afghanistan, 
Burma, Iran, Nigeria and Syria. 

Mexican authorities moved with ad- 
mirable swiftness to arrest General Gu- 
tierrez. But his arrest is yet more ev- 
idence that corruption is affecting even 
top-level Mexican drug officials and 
thus preventing Mexico from cooper- 
ating fully with tbe fight against co- 
caine. 

An honest assessment would lead 
Mr. Clinton to withhold full certific- 
ation from Mexico but giant instead a 
waiver on "vital national interest" 
grounds. That would acknowledge 


Mexico's less-than-full cooperation in 
tbe fight against drugs while continu- 


ing to recognize Mexico as an im- 
portant ally whose economic health 
matters deeply to the United States. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


No Threat to Russia 


Madeleine Albright's first trip to 
Moscow as U.S. secretary of state in- 
evitably drew her into the grand ne- 
gotiations on the sharpest issue in U.S.- 
Russian relations — NATO enlarge- 
ment. She found the expected deep 
official hostility to the idea, but she 
also found — as her Russian coun- 
terpart. Yevgeni Primakov, put it last 
week — a determination to minimize 
the complications if the project suc- 
ceeds. It was enough to let her claim 
"important progress/’ though there is 
still a long and uncertain way to go. 

The Russians have half a point in 
their opposition to seeing NATO start 
enlisting Central European states that 
the Kremlin formerly ruled. The al- 
liance would move closer to, though 
not adjacent to, Russia's borders, the 
Kaliningrad enclave excepted. It is not 
entirely foolish of a state that has been 
invaded in the past to want to make 
sure its security and political interests 
are not being threatened. 

But this is not a very difficult case 
for NATO to prove. There is the East- 
West confrontation dissolved and a 
continent now thoroughly ventilated 
by the winds of peace. There is the 
trivia] and still-declining level of arma- 
ments and battle capacity on both sides 
of the old divide. There is NATO's 
energetic program to calm Russian 
anxieties by proposals to further limit 
die locations and numbers of conven- 
tional as well as nuclear arms, by new 
measures of regional consultation and 
cooperation between NATO and Mos- 
cow (as in Bosnia) and by expanded 
deference to Russia's attempts to retain 
a place of sovereign equality at die 
global table. 

The details of all these things are the 


West that is closer, deeper, safer and 
more valuable than it has ever known. 
This is what the more nit-picking crit- 
ics of NATO enlargement in the West, 
and the more nationalistic critics in the 
East, often ignore. 

In fact, die official Russian response 
to the NATO program is wildly over- 
drawn. It is misleading to say, as do the 
foes of expansion, that this program 
would draw a provocative new line 
through Europe. The alliance is trying 
to move eastward an already existing 
line that creates two classes of demo- 
cracies. one sheltered by NATO and 
the other left exposed to psychological 
and political buffeting from the East 
The new line that would result would 
still leave some democracies un- 
sheltered. But it in no way poses any- 
thing that could be faintly rail ed a 
threat to Russia. 


On the contrary, an expanded al- 
5 or insi 


subject o^much noisy pulling and 
' aiding. 


hauling. Their common thrust is to 
offer Russia a relationship with the 


liance narrows die zone of instability 
between Russia and Germany that is a 
historical and dangerous feature of 
European politics. It is to the general 
advantage, including Russia's advan- 
tage, to continue reducing this zone. 

The polls appear to say that most 
Russians could not care less about 
NATO expansion. It is an issue of 
contention principally among the 
political elite. That doesn’t mean the 
West should plunge along heedlessly: 
It cannot ignore uxespoosible taunts 
from Moscow to die effect that Wash- 
ington is pushing Russia toward con- 
frontation. It must be sensitive to die 
very real currents of nationalism at 
play. 

But there should be no edging back 
on the part of the West from its careful 
pursuit of a sound policy that looks to 
stability and democratic growth in the 
heart of Europe. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Starr’s Big Mistake 


The independent counsel in the U.S. 
Whitewater case, Kenneth Starr, tried 
to put it all back together again at his 
news conference Friday. He was only 
partly successful. 

He acknowledged be had made a 
mistake in agreeing to quit and take up 
a law school deanship next fall, before 
the work of the counsel’s office will 
probably be done; said he was putting 
the deanship on hold: said he would 
stay the course as counsel; and re- 
gretted having given the impression 
that he was walking away from or 
somehow indifferent to the responsi- 
bilities that the counsel’s job entails. 

That much was good, even refresh- 
ing by the usual Washington standard 
for such an event, in which die trick is 
to say you accept responsibility for 
whatever it is you may have done and 
shift the blame elsewhere, all in the 
same sentence. Mr. Starr didn't do that. 
What's troubling is the mistake itself. 
It doesn't go away, having been apo- 
logized for. It was a large and fun- 
damental error in judgment on the part 
of a man who was hired precisely to 
exercise such judgments in a case of 
enormous national magnitude. 

Mr. Starr says he thought he could 
legitimately move on because he had 


built up so competent and professional 
a staff in the counsel’s office. The 
professionalism was such that it didn’t 
matter that much who was nominally 
in charge. The public could be con- 
fident that here was "an office ex- 
ercising governmental authority" that 
“has a process and a procedure.” But 
Mr. Starr was chosen to be more than 
an office manager, or builder. His vi- 
sion of die role "was not a sufficiently 
complete vision of what that role is,” 
he said Friday. That isn’t very reas- 
suring. 

A number of issues are before Mr. 
Starr, but the main one remains the 
same. Is there any evidence that Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and/or his wife, Hil- 
lary, took part in tbe looting of a failed, 
federally insured Arkansas savings and 
loan before his election in 1992, and is 
there any evidence that either sought to 
quash investigations afterward? On 
these and the lesser matters before him, 
he needs either to exonerate them or 
lay our, one way or another, what in his 
view they did wrong. The most im- 
portant thing in either case is that he be 
believed, that people trust his judg- 
ment The counsel has given himself a 
steeper hill to climb. 

—THE WASHINGTON POST. 


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China After Deng: What Should Washington Do? 

Don’t Make It an Evil Empire 


Paramount Leader Was No Saint 


By Jim HoagLand 


By Rohm J. Samuefeon 


W ASHINGTON — If the public 
statements of President Bill Clin- 
ton and bis senior aides count Deng 
Xiaoping is sprouting wings about 
now, a prime candidate for beatific- 
ation in the church of world politicians. 
Not a critical word passed tbe lips of 
Mr. Clinton and his acolytes as they 
rushed to mourn the passing of the 
Chinese dictator. 

For Madeleine Albright, the secre- 
tary of State who promised to tell it like 
it is, the critical word that did not pass 
ber lips was "massacre.” Speaking to 
reporters who insisted on bringing up 
one of Mr. Deng’s best-known deeds, 
she referred to “the Tiananmen Square 
. . .” (pause, pause, slight frown) ^‘ac- 
tions.” 

That is evasive action by a loyal 
diplomat But the refusal of the Clinton 
administration to face up to the good, 
the bad and the ugly in Mr. Deng’s 
history reveals a troubling mind-set on 
foreign policy. 

What is Mr. Clinton afraid of when it 
comes to dealing with China, and with 
other unsavory regimes he soft-soaps? 
What fear causes him to remain mute 
on Mexico's betrayal of its promises to 
get tough on drug trafficking, on 
Pakistan 1 s continuing quest for nuclear 
weapons technology, on the constantly 
tightening hold Russian gangs have on 
that country’s economy? 

When . Soviet pilots shot down 
Korean Airlines 007 in 1983, Wash- 
ington reacted quickly not only to the 
horror of that "action,” to use Al- 
brightspeak, but also to the real op- 
portunity to put Moscow on the de- 
fensive m world opinion. But now U.S. 
officials join Beijing in whitewashing 
the atrocities of the past, in ignoring the 
corruption of tbe present and tol 
diplomatic blackmail by China. 

“Throughout tbe relationship we as- 


March and in Beijing next year are 
overriding items on his agenda. 

In China, the ingratiating approach 
also benefits die commercial interests of 
important Clinton supporters. Bull don’t 
believe the mdpient beatification of Mr. 
Deng is primaril y a matter of money. It is 


W ashington — Tbe Urged 

States cannot replay t 
with China- The Cold Wa 


> the Cold War 
farpiued two 

sysuaiia afia««v v-~- - — r - This CODWSl 

of ideas suited die American psyche, 
which prefers to see countries as good or 
evil. The Soviets accommodated oar 


To he certain, Mr. Deng was one tnan 
in a billi on- He opened communist 
China to the West and encouraged his 
people to get rich, with his family and 
comrades leading the way. He got the 
best of Margaret Thatcher in farcing 


CVli. X UG lJUYIuuj — — - 

moralism by ba rri cading themselves 
fiomtheworidecowmiyandctenKxa'anc. 

_ . TU* r’klnoca oiM nrtf iS/dflTffify 


j . . 

societies. The Chinese are not isolating 
themselves — just the opposite. China 
may or may not ultimately threaten 
American interests. But it cannot be 
treated as a separate force that, some- 


suroe tbe role of trying to ease their 
ne UTS. 


concerns,” says one U.S. official left 
uneasy by the ingratiating nature of die 
a dmini stration**; approach to Beijing. 
"We take on that burden on issue after 
issue." 

Mr. Clinton's handling of Chin&hears 
the marks of a patronizing underlying 
assessment that China is too fragile and 
too touchy to be criticized in public. The 
Washington bureaucracy, operating as it 
always does in fear of die unknown, 
seems to have convinced the president 
that the leadership of China is too vul- 
nerable to social conditions and dis- 
con lent at home to be dealt with forth- 
rightly and candidly, even when that 
would advance American interests. 





B? NICOLA. Ctfi Spufe*** 


Mr. Clinton attaches great impor- 

‘ l for- 


tance to ceremonial meetings with : 
eign leaders as proof that he is on top of 


tbe foreign policy game. Being re- 
ceived with great fanfare in Mexico in 


the return of Hong Kong without of- 
fering any serious concessions. He 
moderated and then reversed the mur- 
derous, destructive currents of Maoism 
and the Cultural Revolution, in winch 
he was victimized and suffered. 

That is a key point that one-dimen- 
sional posthumous portrayals miss, 
like Boris Yeltsin, Mr. Deng turned on 
his ideology and his own past cmly after 
he was purged by the system he helped 
create. Mr. Deng kept what was useful 
to him in the system — force and 
repression. To ignore that Is to ignore 
reality and to diminish Mr. Deng's all 
too human, »mi»fntlikp» nature. 

The Washington Post. 


how, will be "contained.” 

I mention all this because Deng 
Xiaoping's death is an apt time to re- 
appraise U.S .-China relations — and 
America seems to be woriring up a good 
lather over the Chinese. But it ought to 
resist casting China as the newest Evil 
Empire a recent trip to Hong Kong 
strengthens that conviction. After talk- 
ing to people there, it's harder to view 
China only through a Cold War prism. 

The central reality about China today 
is its campaign to modernize econom- 
ically, and all the .political con- 
sequences that flow from that . China ’*; 
decision to pursue economic growth.by 
abandoning strict collectivism un- 


leashed social changes that still rever- 
berate. Based on my Hong Kong in- 
terviews, here's how I assess mattes: 
Hrst, China's economy could ex- 
pand rapidly for some years. Since 
1980, growth has averaged 

about 9.5 percent. High growth stems- 
from adopting modem production pro- 
cesses and eliminating obvious inef- 
ficiencies. China can do both. A high 
savings rate (40 percent of national 
income) means it can afford heavy ■in- 
vestment. And a large state sector im- 
plies ample waste to cut 
Second, economic growth has en- 
hanced political freedom. Almost 
everyone I talked with said so. It’s 
easier to traveL Policy disagreements 
are more open. Individual leaders can 
be criticized. AO this stops short of 
tolerating open challenges to the Com- 
munist monopoly, but the monopoly is 
looser. ; • . 

Third, the U.S. view of China is 
warped. Press coverage is selective. It 
focuses on human-rights abuses, cor- 
ruption and political intrigue. Broader 
changes are underreported. 

■ None of this makes China a benign 
lace sliding toward suburban bliss. 
meaSquare did happen; the re- 
pression of Tibet is real; dissidents are 
persecuted. China remains desperately 
poor and culturally distinct 
Still, it’s no longer Mao's China. 
Today's human-rights abuses pale be- 
fore tbe atrocities, of the Cultural Re- 
volution. Economic growth has created 
a more open society with morepower 
centers and interest groups. China’s 
neighbors are trading with Beijing 
eagerly, even if they’re wary of its 
growing presence. They would prob- 
ably resist efforts to quarantine China. 

The paradox is that the very process 
that might make China less oppressive 
could also moke it less stable. Its ex- 
panding economy gives it more weight - 
and the means to strengthen its military. 
Growth has also framed popular expec- 
tations that, if not met, could foster a 
backlash. One way to deflect any anger 
would be to foment nationalism —and 
what better target-than the United States? 
The more it vflifies China, the more it 
encourages that. 

The United States ought to defend its 
interests and values, while remaining 
strong militarily. 

But it ought to minimize its self- 
righteous rhetoric. Tbe Clinton admin- 
istration (after early bombast) seems to 
have adopted this approach. Congress 
and the public are slower. The Cold 
War’s moralism remains a false ref- 
erence point. Although breast-beating 
may be satisfying, it is nor a policy. 
Tilting China as an implacable ad- 
versary could become self-fulfilling. 

Newsweek. 


Unrest in Morocco Could Be a Harbinger for the Arab World 


C ASABLANCA, Morocco 
— Pay attention to Mo- 
rocco. Pay close attention. 
What's going on here is typical 
of a troubling chain of events 
that is unfolding throughout the 
Arab world and Turkey. 

It works like this: Pressure to 
join the global economy forces 
Arab governments to privatize 
state industries, to stop guar- 

andtcTraise Irca^^ces^ ’Ais 
restructuring produces huge in- 
come gaps. 

The losers take to the streets or 
drift toward Islamic fundamen- 
talist organizations. To express 
their fruaration, the losers de- 
nounce their government's 
relations with Israel, because 
that’s tee most effective and 
evocative way to attack tbe re- 
gime for raising bread prices. 
The rulers respond by distancing 
themselves from Israel but don’t 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


lower the price of bread. 

Morocco is the perfect lab- 
oratory for tins interaction. The 
Egypt-Israel peace treaty was 
first conceived in secret talks 
held by Morocco’s King Hassan 
IL But lately, Maroccan-Israeli 
relations have cooled. Prime 
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
wanted to visit here after the 
Hebron deal, as his predecessors 
often did, but no invitation was 
forthcoming because, as one 
Moroccan official said: "We 
don’t want any political tour- 
ism.” Although Israeli busi- 
nessmen still operate openly 
here, Moroccan officials boy- 
cotted Israel’s National Day cel- 
ebration, at the still ‘ ‘ unofficial’ ’ 
Israeli Embassy here, but tbey 
turned out en masse for Iran’s. 

To be sure, Israeli bombings 
in Lebanon last spring, and the 


opening last 
I King Has- 


without running water or elec- 
tricity. Those state-owned en- 


year, have soured 
san’s mood toward Israel, not to 
mention that of the Moroccan 
street 

But tbe story goes de 
King Hassan. in a fare? 
move, recently signed an i 
ment with the European Union 
that will make Morocco a mem- 
ber of the European Union free- 
trade zone over 10 years. 

This will force Moroccan ag- 
riculture and industry to cut 
costs and upgrade to deal with 
European competition. Unfor- 
tunately, Morocco has barely 
begun preparing for this brutal 
competition, because the moves 
either are too painful or cut 
against vested interests here. 

A country with only a 50 
percent literacy rate. Morocco 
still has hundreds of villages 


terprises that have been privat- 
ized are often controlled by the 


Finding a Flair for Philanthropy 


N EW YORK — After a de- 
cade of getting, giving is 
now making news. Unusual 
donations crop up regularly on 
tbe front page of newspapers — 
aretired laundress in Mississippi 
($150,000 to a university), a se- 
cretive New Jersey businessman 
($600 million, given anonym- 
ously), an ecce ntric oilman in 
Oklahoma ($22 million, half to 
the college that expelled him). 

Still, looking back, this is not 
surprising. Epochs marked by 
gain and greed, by tax breaks, 
monopoly windfalls and boom- 
ing stock markets, are followed 
by something of a moral 
hangover. The newly rich suffer 
pricks of doubt, and hear tbe 
summons of posterity, a process 
often quickened by public re- 
lations concerns and the s till, 
quiet voice of a tax accountant 
So it happened a century ago, 
after Mark Twain’s Gilded Age, 
when fortunes sprouted in rails 
and steel, department stores and 
real estate, turning even writers 
like Twain into entrepreneurs. 
But as the distance widened be- 
tween “the cottage of the 
laborer” and the "palace of the 
millionaire’’-— -phrases used by 


By Earl E. Meyer 


and 


era. Titled simply “Wealth," 
’ b North Amer- 


Andrew Carnegie — some ty- 
the 


coons began to appreciate th 
blessings of giving, most strik- 
ingly Carnegie himself. 

In 1889, Carnegie wrote 
what is reckoned the most in- 
fluential magazine article of Ms 


his essay in The 
icon Review said the really rich 
should live modestly and with- 

erarely forfooss^ dependent on 
them, leave little to their male 
heirs and give the rest away in 
their own lifetime, doing for 
their poorer brethren "better 
than they would or could do for 
themselves.” 

The Steel King strove to heed 
his own advice. Before he died 
in 1919, his benefactions totaled 
some $311 million, or 90 per-, 
cent of his fortune. Hie donated 
$56,162,622 for the construc- 
tion of 2,509 libraries In Eng- 
lish-speaking communities, in- 
cluding 1,412 American cities 
and towns. The rest went mostly 
to colleges, special foundations 
and endowments and for con- 
struction in The Hague of a 
"Temple of Peace,” now the 
seat of the World Court. 

Carnegie's philanthropy 
showed real flair, as one might 
expect from a Scottish immi- 
grant who, already wealthy in 
his 30s, wrote in a memor- 
andum to himself that "no idol 
is more debasing than worship 
of money."- He set graded pri- 
orities, awarding first place to 
founding universities, followed 
by libraries, medical research 


Nobody can possibly 
reckon (he benefits, tangible 
and intangible, of his libraries, 
the first of winch he built in 
IXnnfernline, where his father 
and fellow Scottish weavers 
once pooled their pennies to 
buy books. 

But it was his oddly para- 
doxical example that counted 
for as much as his precepts. This 
contradictory plutocrat sided 
with the underdogs whom Ms 
company police bashed. He 
sold steel for cannons but 
viewed his Hague peace palace 
as "foe most holy building in 
foe world because., it has tire 
holiest end in view." He op- 
posed imperialism and favored 
a British republic. 

Carnegie and his gospel 
shamed or persuaded genera- 
tions of supexrich Americans to 
divest themselves of billions. 
Now foe moment seems ripe for 
a new Carnegie, with a fresh 
gospel of giving. A likely can- 
didate is the Hungarian-born 
financier George Soros. Anoth- 
er is Ted Turner, who has pro- 
posed publishing lists of those 
who give the most. 

But nobody has touched the 
country’s imagination, and con- 
science, with anything libs 
Carnegfe’s efoqu^ exuberance. 
TlteiKW philanthropy is a cause 
<pxfl m search of a manifesto. 

The New York Times. 


same economic elite, tied to the 
royal palace, that dominated the 
state monopolies, which is why 
3 percent or the population bere 
controls 85 percent of die 
wealth. Morocco's universities, 
which combine the worst of tbe 
socialist and French education 
systems, each year turn out so 
many graduates who cannot 
find jobs here and have no en- 
trepreneurial or technical skills 
foot Morocco now has a "Uni- 
on of Unemployed University 
Graduates." with government 
subsidies and services being 
cut, foe undercurrent of eco- 
nomic disquiet widens. 

Mohammed Aoujjar, editor 
of the centrist A1 Mithaq news- 
paper, remarked to me: "We 
are now in the phase of the 
ugliness of the market People 
feel they have been dropped by 
the government and left to fend 
for themselves, without any 
safety net” 

Arab regimes justified peace 
with Israel by saying it would 
lead to investment ami huge di- 
vidends for Arab society, but as 
one Islamist here remarked to 
me, “So foe Jews got Israel, but 
we never got (he well-being.” 

Not surprisingly, Morocco’s 


Islamist organizations, which 
have a strong anti-Israel bent, 
- have taken advantage of this 
disquiet and are leading the so- 
cial protests. Islamist-led stu- 
dents, protesting tile lack of ad- 
equate bus service between foe 
city and King Hassan n Uni- 
versity, recently battled police. 
True, Morocco is still far from 
being another Algeria, but Is- 
lamists now dominate virtually 
all Moroccan student unions 
and are spreading into foe labor 
unions and professional asso- 
ciations. In any free election 
here, they would do very well. 

King Hassan cannot afford to 
ignore such sentiments, which is 
why one well-connected Israeli 
here said ; 1 Time is not working 
for us. The Arab leaders who led 
the peace process are getting old 
and fragile. They have become 
risk averse. The Moroccan gov- 
ernment is now in a contest with 
foe Islamists. It has to be careful 
not to aggravate this phenom- 
enon. It’s bad enough they have 
to crush foe Islamists with bat- 
ons — they don’t need to pro- 
voke them more by deepening 
relations with Israel. 

"Israel and Morocco never 
got married. We were always 
just engaged. It’s been a long 
engagement, and now I’m not 
sure we'll ever get married.” 

The New York Times. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100.75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Crete’s Blockade 


ATHENS — The political situ- 
ation in Greece is daily growing 
more serious. Excitement 
against Europeans, especially 
.Germans, prevails here in con- 
sequence of the bombar dment 
of Phrodia. It is pointed out by 
the newspapers that autonomy 
for Crete is not what foe Hel- 
lenes desire, and if foe Powers, 
by blockading the island and the 
Piraeus, seek to force Greece to 


postponement of any important 
decisions until there is a new 
Cabinet The underlying cause 
of ttte cabinet crisis can be 
found in the fact that foe coun- 
try is shifting from a so-called 
conservative liberal to a demo- 
cratic form of government The 
conservatives represented Large 
land and financial interests and 
for thirty years Giolitti has been 
their spokesman, ruling Parlia- 
ment with an iron hand. 


submit, foe King ax foe head of 10>I « T 
his army would feel it is his duty Jewish KenigeeS 

to invade Epirus and Macedo- ~ 
nia, which would kindle a fire in 

all quarters of the East 


1922: Italian Crisis 


ROME — • Italy has now been 
without a Cabinet for three 
weeks, thus exceeding its own 
previous world's record of be- 
ing 12 days without an official 
leader. All government busi- 
ness is blocked, owing' to the 


JERUSALEM — An illegal im- 
grant ship has been intercep- 
ted by tile. British Navy in Pal- 
estine waters with more than 600 
persons aboard. A wild stam- 
pede of Jewish refugees from 
fc-urope toward Palestine may be 
expected before summer, unless 
foe United Natio ns eaiic a spe- 
cial session to deal with the Pal- 
estine ^problem and present some 
"Ope of escape from the present 
unbearable conditions. 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 


PAGE 7 


1 


A 


LANGUAGE 


INTERNATIONAL 


Pass the Powder and the Salami? Please 


By William S afire 


W ASHINGTON — The return of 
the regular, monthly presidential 
news conference is a fine thing, not the 
least because it gives us a chance to 
instruct the chief executive — and one 
another — on the use of famous 
phrases. Pleased at the prospect of bi- 
pamsan cooperation. President Clinton 
said: Now both sides are keeping 

their powder dry enough to create the 
possibility we can reach a balanced 
budget agreement.” 

.. Bis meaning in both contexts is clean 

rexnain CTlm. keep cooL” Bur that is 
only half the meaning of the phrase and 
misses the most telling part 

CJ 0, ^f. r . CromvwU ’ 31 to battle of 
is supposed to have 
told his Roundhead troops in that open- 
m B fight of the English civil war: ‘ ‘Put 
your trust in God, my boys, but minH to 
keep your powder dry." (Nobody wrote 
it down at the time, and its fust report 
came in 1 834, but I say let’s give it to 
him.) He wasn't talking talcum; when 
the powder is wet, the gun does not go 
off and the ammunition just sits there. 

The purpose of keeping powder dry is 
to be able to blaze away ax die proper 
tune. Thus, the phrase keep your powder 
dry is not limited to “stay calm” but 
carries an implicit, most ominous threat: 
“and be prepared to blow the enemy's 
head off at the propitious moment.” 

□ 

At the annual conclave of executive 
heavies, political powers, scientific 
Nobelniks, and media biggies known 
as the World Economic Forum in Da- 
vos, Switzerland, words have historic 


resonance and metaphors fly. This was 
the year of the “network society.” 
plugging a plugged-in world, and the 
netties found it easy to get hooked. 


Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime 
for diplo- 
matic reporters and foreign-policy 


minister, held a breakfast for 


sages. He used a word that he knew 
would reverberate among the hyper- 
cognoscenti. 

4 'This will come as a shock,” he told 
the assembled power pack, “but in the 
case of Europe, Israel hopes for an 
evenhanded policy. ’ ’ 

Netties nodded knowledgeably. 
Evenhanded has long been a code word 
in America's Middle East diplomacy. 
From the '50s through the '70s, State 
Department “Arabists” felt with 
suave fervor that U.S. policy in thai 
region was unduly influenced by polit- 
ical leaders eager to curry favor with 
American supporters of Israel. 

The Arabists called far an even! lan- 
ded policy, imputing fairness and im- 
partiality. Pro-Israel advocates, citing 
America’s moral commitment to an is- 
land of democracy that was also a re- 
liable strategic partner, retorted that 
* ‘what Israel needs is not a broker but an 
ally’'; to this group, evenhandedness 
was a code word made famous by fbe 
U.S. fact finder William Scranton in the 
late '60s for helping the rest of (he 
world press Israel for concessions. 

The adjective was coined by 
Shakespeare in “Macbeth” and car- 
ried an ironic overtone: “This even- 
handed justice/Commends the ingredi- 
ents of our poison'd chalice/To our 
own lips.” In Netanyahu's use, it 
meant ‘^Israel is prepared to settle for a 
fair shake from nations usually on the 
side of die Arabs.” 


Emboldened by the ready reception 
of this allusion, the prime minister — 
educated in the United States and fa- 
miliar with the nuances of the Amer- 
ican political vernacular — went over- 
board. He charged that the Israeli 
public had been “ spoon-fed with 
salami slices .” 

Right on. The compound verb 
spoon-feed began irrl615 to describe a 
means of feeding tire infantile or 
feeble. By metaphoric extension, to 
spoon-feed means “to explain or per- 
suade in small, understandable por- 
tions; to make easy, jo swallow and 
digest information.’’ 

□ 

Salami — from the Italian salame, 
“salted pork” — led to a more overtly 
political phrase, salami tactics. Coin- 
age is attributed to Matyas Rakosi of 
Hungary's Communist Party in 1945; 
be described the way he overcame his 
opposition by getting it to slice off its 
right wing, then repudiate its centrists, 
until only those left in power were 
Communist collaborators. The specific 
Rakosi citation has not been found, but 
the phrase’s popularizes were surely 
the columnist Joseph and Stewart 
Alsop, who much preferred the striking 
image to the bloodless '‘gradualism.” 
La 1971, Stewart wrote prophetically in 
his Newsweek column about Czech 
politics: “Alexander Dubcek will cer- 
tainly not be the last of the liberals to 
fall victim to the salami knife" 

Both the feeding by spoon and the 
slicing with a salami laiife are delicious 
figures of speech, but both in tire same 
sentence, as tire prime minister be- 
latedly realized, are a lot to swallow. 

New York Times Service 


BOOKS 


LIFE AT THE CROSSROADS 
A History of Gaza 

By Gerald Bun. 200 pages. $24.95. Rimal 
Publications. Scorpion Cavendish. 
Reviewed by John K. Cooley 
O IN CE January, when Prime Minister 
O Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and tire 
Palestinian Authority president, Yasser 
Arafat, sealed the long awaited agreement 
to redeploy Israeli troops in Herbroo and 
for Palestinian self-rule, the Authority's 
main seat in Gaza comes into central 
focus. Could tins tiny strip, squeezed 
along the Mediterranean coast between 
Israel and Egypt and packed with nearly a 
million inhabitants, become the nucleus 
of Arafat's projected Palestinian stale? 

To attempt an answer, you need a lot of 
historical, economic and demographic in- 
formation, not easily available between 
two covers. Gerald Butt, a distinguished 
British correspondent, bora and brought 
up in the Middle East and educated in 
London, has provided oonsidaable such 
information in his slim but inciave book. 
He has used classical historical research, 
a tool most newsmen neglect these days, 
to connect Gaza’s long and turbulent past 
to its more familiar present 

Gaza is known to some recentviritors, 
like Atnira Hassa, a courageous Jewish 
woman and Israeli journalist who lived 
and worked in this pressure-cooker of 
Palestinian nationalism for three years, as 
“Arafat’s kingdom by the sea.” Gerald 
Butt's opening description of Gaza is 
more history-ininded: a “land of many 
battles." 


One battie was concluding when a 
Catholic priest, one of Butt's historical 
witnesses, visited in 1918 and found that 
“Gazawasavery lamentable spectacle,” 
all in ruins and rags. Turkish occupiers 
had just suffered defeat in World War I. 
The British and Allied forces of General 
Allen by were in control. The Gaza Strip 
was now incorporated into the British- 
mandated territory of Palestine. In 1949, 
Gaza yielded to Egyptian military oc- 
cupation. This would last until Israel's 
victory over the Arabs in June 1967 over- 
came feeble Egyptian resistance and 
fierce but brief resistance from tire Pal- 
estine Liberation Organization. 

The densely packed middle-class pop- 
ulation of a few thousand permanent Ga- 
zan residents, largely merchants and pro- 
fessionals, augmented by hundreds of 
thousands of uprooted Palestinian ref- 
ugees from Israel and beyond, coalesced 
into a human knot of hatred and resistance 
to Israel’s occupation. This culminated in 
the intifada, the revolt of stone-throwing 
young men sad children, in 1987, 

Realizing that Arab Gaza, the cradle of 
Arafat's El Fatah and many more radical 
Palestinian resistance organizations, was 
ungovernable by Israel, tire late Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s ruling Labor 
Party was happy to withdraw — leaving 
only tire enclaves of a few Israeli settlers, 
some in luxurious resort settlements, 
guarded by the army. Now, with Arafat 
and his police in duuge, the rest of Gaza 
and its hard-pressed people, largely 
denied access to the jobs they had grown 
dependent on in Israel, face a politically 
free but economically bleak era. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

O NE of the paradoxes of 
the game is that doubling 
a contract that is certain to foil 
may introduce an element of 
doubt into the certainty. An 
example is the diagramed deal 
in which North-South were us- 
ing an artificial relay system. 
North's first four bids were 
artificial, asking for informa- 
tion, and at the finish he knew 
that his partner held a 4-6-2- 1 
distribution, with two major- 
suii aces and a major -sure king. 
He hoped for some quality, 
and there was. The ten-nine 
were crucial cards. 

East-West had the same in- 
formation. and since West 

knew that the heart ace was on 


NORTH 
4> 3 
VJ4 

V AKQ42 
4> A 10 53 2 

west east 

**854 . 4 Q 18 8 7 

7RQ4 070 

* 1075 0353 

*KQfi *J»74 

SOOTH (D) 

* AKJ3 
OA1S9533 
O J9 

48 

East and Wert were vulnerable. The 
Mdttn?: 


South 

West 

North 

East 

10 

Pan 

1 N.T. 

Pass 

20 

Put 

3* 

Pass 

30 

Pass 

3 ♦ 

Pass 

40 

Pass 

4* 

Pass 

50 

Pan 

• O 

Pass 

Pass 

DM. 

Pass 

Pass 


Pass 

West led the dob Mag. 


his right he doubled. This 
would have been foolish but 
match-point scoring was in use 
and small profits were crucial. 
As it was, west lived to regret 
his action. 

South knew that West 
thought he held two trump 
tricks, and set about dxsiDu- 
sianmenL He decided that his 
only chance was to find West 
with a flat hand including four 
spades, and bis prayers were 
answered. 

He woo die opening club 
lead with tire ace, ruffed a club, 
and crossed to dummy with a 
diamond lead to ruff another 
club. He then cashed two 
spade winners, ruffed a spade, 
and cashed another high dia- 
mond. To shorten his trumps, 
be raffed the next diamond 


lead in his hand and raffed a 
spade to reach tire position be- 
low: 

NORTH 
4 — 

9 — 

0 42 
* 10 


WEST 

A- 

9KQ8 
0 — 

4- 


EAST 

♦ — 

976 
O — 

4 J 


SOUTH 

4 — 

O A 10 9 

0 — 

4 — 

South had now achieved an 
ending rarely seen. He ruffed a 
diamond with the heart nine 
and West had to surrender. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

1 Qrg. tliai 
guarantees 
bank noldings 
5 Poets 
id Egyptian 
snekos 

14 Moon goddess 
10 German sub 
is Patricia wtio 
co-starred m 
‘The 

Fountainnead' 
it Late newsman 
Seuareid 
is Waken 
toTrwiSupremes. 
eg 

30 1969 Sp<ke Lee 
Mm 


23 French school 
2« Weights 
as Letter before 
betti 

asKapow. 1 
so Top 3 mi of 
1963 and 1977 
34 Mont Blanc is 
one 

37 *Piay a 

lays' 

38 Studio sign 
38 Light bulb, in 

cartoons 

40 Happened upon 

41 Moonshine 

43 Camp beds 

44 Suns 

45 Kettering 

institute 


Solution to Puzzle of Feb. 21 



48 Chined meat 
flemish 
si Unwelcome 
sight in the mall 
or in the past 

sa Finger- pointer 
58 Cake finisher - 
«o Backside 
bi States 
«z Jasmine or 
morning glory 
•a Commits a sin 
S4 Present, for 
example, in 
English ctass 
85 Mini- whirlpool 

DOWN 

1 Vamoosed 

2 Five-peseta coin 

3 Any part at 

. J.F.K.- Abbr. 

4 Ornamental 
container ina 
Sower shop 

s Grand Canyon 
transport 

6 hate 

7 Cheek cosmetic 
a Elan 

9 Procter's mark 

10 “La 

Marseillaise.* 

09 

11 Printing flourish 

12 Benjamin 
Moore product 

13 Trudges 
(through) 


21 Classical 
nymph who 
spoke only by 
repetition 

22 Holler thou 

25 Economist 

Smith 

28 Emit coherent 
- light 

Z7 Perform copy 
desk work 
28 Formal order 
as Wedding dance 

31 Eradicate, with 
‘ouf 

32 Burden 

33 One of the 
Bobbsey twins 

34 Appends 

35 Omon relative 

36 Bears' hands 
38 Like Mount Sl 

Helens, now 

4i* Usa" 

42 Wading bird. 

■43 Supplies the 
food for 

as Plant 

reproductive 
part 
44 Unsocial so it 
47 Award for 
~Bmveheait" 
aaSaatchi&Saatchi 
employees 

4* Litigators 34 Battery fluid 

so intrinsically - 53 Repair - 

52 Tiny pert 5#WohmS,for 

33 Hoof overhang wolfhounds 



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®Neu> York Timea/Edited by Will Shores. 


CLONE: In a Feat of Genetic Engineering, a Sheep Is Replicated 

Continued from Page 1 


A great merit of this book is that Butt 
places fbe grim present and uncertain 
future of Gaza in historical perspective. 
His first 10 chapters conduct us through 
the periods of the Biblical Philistines. 
Egypt’s Pharaohs, Babylon's Nebuchad- 
nezzar and assorted other eaiiy rulers of 
Gaza, from Judas Maccabee of the Jew- 
ish nationalists to Rome's Pompey and 
Herod. The Knights Templar, succeeded 
by Arab, Turkish and Mameluke rulers, 
cany the turbulent drama, easy to ima- 
gine as a film, down to Ox 20th-centiny 
struggles of Israel and Palestine. 

Fortunately, a wide array of Arab and 
non-Arab governments, including the 
United Stales, as well as charitable 
groups and entities like the World Bank, 
are now releasing public funds and en- 
couraging private investment to rebuild 
every aspect of fife in Gaza. The territory, 
as the author assures ns in his opening 
paragraphs, suffers at the end of fee mil- 
lennium “from an image problem.” This 
is certainly an understatement 

What most- Gazans must now con- 
sider is how any future new Palestinian 
state, combining Gaza and the West 
Bank, can somehow be helped to elbow 
its way, via a less tense and more neigh- 
borly relationship with Israel, to the 
honorable place among nations to 
which its people aspire. 

John K. Cooley, an ABC News cor- 
respondent based in Cyprus and author 
of “ Green March, Black September: The 
Story of the Palestinian Arabs.” wrote 
this far the International Herald 
Tribune. 


her DNA. “What this will mostly be 
used for is to produce more health-care 
products,” Dr. Wilmut said Sunday to 
the Press Association of Britain, Reu- 
ters reported. 

“It will enable us to study genetic 
diseases for which there is presently no 
cure and track down the mechanisms 
that are involved." he continued. “The 
next step is to use the cells in culture in 
the lab and target genetic changes into 
that culture.” f 

Simple though it may’ be, the ex- 
periment, to be repented Thursday in the 
British journal Nature, has startled bio- 
logists and ethi cists. 

Dr. Wilmut said be was interested in 
the technique primarily as a tool in 
animal husbandry, but other scientists 
said it bad opened doors to the un- 
settling prospect that humans, too, could 
be cloned. 

“It's unbelievable,” said Lee Silver, 
a biology professor at Princeton Uni- 
versity, wbo said the announcement had 
come just in time for him to revise his 
forthcoming book so the first chapter 
will no longer state that such cloning is 
impossible. 

“It basically means that there are no 
limits,” Dr. Silver said. “It means all of 
science fiction is true. They said it could 
never be done and now here it is, done 
before the year 2000.” 

Neal First, a professor of reproductive 
biology and annual biotechnology at the 
University of Wisconsin, who has been 
trying to clone cattle, said the ability to 
clone dairy cattle could have a bigger 
impact on the industry than the intro- 
duction of artificial insemination in the 
1950s, which revolutionized dairy farm- 
ing. Cloning could be used to make cop- 
ies of animals that are especially good at 
producing meat or milk or wool. 

Although researchers have created 
genetically identical animals by dividing 
embryos very early in their develop- 
ment, Dr. Silver said, no one had cloned 
an animal from an adult until now. 

Earlier experiments, with frogs, nev- 


er produced cloned adult frogs. The 
frogs developed only to the tadpole 
stage before dying. It was even worse 
with mammals. Researchers could swap 
DNA from one fertilized egg to another, 
but they could go no further. 

As a result, researchers concluded 
that as cells developed, the proteins 
coating foe DNA somehow masked all 
the important genes for embryo devel- 
opment. A sJrin cell may have all the 
genetic information that was present in 
the fertilized egg that produced the or- 
ganism, for example, our almost all that 
information is pasted over. Now all the 
skin cell can do is be a skin cell. 

Researchers could not even hope to 
strip off the proteins from an adult cell’s 
DNA and replace them with proteins 
from an embryo’s DNA. The DNA 

‘It basically means there 
are no limits. It means 
science fiction is true . 9 


would shatter if anyone attempted to 
strip it bare. Dr. Silver said. 

Last year. Dr. Wilmut showed that he 
could clone DNA from sheep embryo 
cells, but even that was not taken as 
proof that the animal itself could be 
cloned. It could just be that the embryo 
cells had DNA mat was unusually con- 
ducive to cloning, many thought 

But Dr. Wilmut hit on a clever 
strategy. He did not bother with the 
proteins that coat DNA, instead focus- 
ing on getting the DNA from an adult 
cell into a stage in its normal cycle of 
replication where it coaid take up res- 
idence in an egg. 

DNA in growing cells goes through 
what is known as the cell cycle: It pre- 
pares itself to divide, replicates itself and 
splits in two as the cell itself divides. 

The problem with earlier cloning at- 
tempts, Dr. Wilmut said, was that the 
DNA from the donor had been out of 
synchronism with that of the recipient 
celL The solution, he discovered, was 


to, in effect, put the DNA from the adult 
cell to sleep, making it quiescent by 
depriving the adult cell of nutrients. 
When he then fused it with an egg cell 
from another sbeep — after removing 
the egg cell's DNA — the donor DNA 
took over as though it belonged there. 

Dr. Wilmut said that the method 
could work for any animal and that he 
hoped to use it next to clone cartle. 

ror Dr. Wilmut, the main interest of 
the experiment is to advance animal 
research. For example, PPL, a company 
that sponsored his work, wants to clone 
animals that can produce pharmacolo- 
gically useful proteins, like ihe clotting 
factor needed by hemophiliacs. 

But that is only the beginning. Dr. 
Wilmut said. Researchers could use the 
same method to make animals with hu- 
man diseases, like cystic fibrosis, and 
then test therapies on the cloned animals. 
Or they could use cloning to alter the 
proteins on the surfaces of pig organs, 
like the liver or heart, making the organs 
more like human organs. Then they could 
transplant those organs into humans. 

Although Dr. Wilmut said he saw no 
intrinsic biological reason why humans, 
too. could not be cloned, he dismissed 
the idea as ethically unacceptable. 
Moreover, he said, it is illegal in Britain 
to clone people. 

“I would find it offensive'* to clone a 
human being. Dr. Wilmut said, adding 
that he fervently hoped that no one 
would try it. 

But others said that it was bard to 
imagine enforcing a ban on cloning 
people when cloning got more efficient. 
“1 could see it going on surrepti- 
tiously,” said Lori Andrews, a profes- 
sor at Chicago-Kent College of law who 
specializes in reproductive issues. 

People might be cloned without their 
knowledge or consent. After all, all that 
would be needed would be some cells. If 
there is a market for a sperm bank 
selling semen from Nobel laureates, 
how much better would it be to bear a 
child that would actually be a clone of a 
great thinker or, perhaps, a great beauty 
or great athlete? 


MAYOR: The Dynamo Behind Moscow’s New, Prosperous Look 


Continued from Page 1 

liability: In the decaying provinces, 
there is a resentment of the prosperous 
capital. Pavel Bunich, an adviser to the 
mayor and member of Parliament, said 
this envy would be “a big minus” fra 1 
Mr. Luzhkov’s presidential bid, al- 
though it would recede ’ 'once people see 
there are no potholes on the roads.” 

In recent months, Mr. Luzhkov has 
been sounding off on national themes, 
and polls show that the mayor's ratings 
are inching upward. Among Moscow's 
political elite, he is increasingly seen as 
theonly political figure capable of do- 
ing battle with Alexander Lebed, the 
popular but author! tarian retired general 
who also hungers for the presidency. 

“I’m not planning to join this wild, 
false-startof a race," Mr. Luzhkov pro- 
tested recently. But he added, “The 
absence of the president for such a very 
long time will leave its mark.” 

Mr. Luzhkov’s strength of character 
first caught the attention of the Kremlin 
in die final days of the Soviet Union, 
according to his predecessor as mayor 
of Moscow, Gavriil Popov. 

Just after the 1991 coup attempt, 
Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet presi- 
dent, was equivocating about whether to 
resign from the Communist Party when 
he was visited by Mayor Popov and his 
deputy, Mr. Luzhkov. It looked like Mr. 
Gorbachev would try to hang on, Mr. 
Popov recalls in a new memoir. 

“Then Yuri Luzhkov began to 
speak,” he said, “with all of that man- 
ager’s forcefalness of Iris. Luzhkov’s 
vigor turned out to be a complete sur- 
prise. The derision to leave die party 
was taken.” 

Mr. Luzhkov's forcefulness soon 
came to dominate the city. A one-time 
manager in the Soviet chemical in- 
dustry, he succeeded Mr. Popov in 


1992. He saw that results mattered. 
Amid tiie chaos of those first years after 
the Soviet collapse, Mr. Luzhkov was 
an achiever, a builder — and people 
noticed. 

“We see a person who gets things 
done, a strong person, an independent 
person, one who practically has no 
doubts, who quickly solves concrete 
problems,” said Alexei Venediktov, 
news director of Echo of Moscow, a 
radio station. 

The city became cleaner and more 
functional than at any time in memory. 
Mr. Luzhkov opened new subway sta- 
tions. He paved rutted roads. He began 
reconstructing the treacherous Moscow 
beltway into a 10-lane superhighway. 
Food became plentiful at outdoor 
wholesale markets, though many of the 
burgeoning street markets became un- 
ruly and magnets for criminals. 

Most important, Mr. Luzhkov 
struggled to alleviate the pent-up de- 
mand for housing. He built 32 million 
square feet (2.9 million square meters) 
of new apartment space each year. He 
sold new apartments to the rich, and 
used the proceeds to pay for housing for 
tens of thousands of families who had 
been on municipal waiting lists for 
years. It was a classic Luzhkov trade- 
off. 

But be has had his failures, especially 
runaway crime. Corruption here begins 
with traffic police who demand bribes, 
and reaches into the higher echelons of 
business and government. 

With an eye on Moscow’s 850th an- 
niversary celebration this fall,' Mr. 
Luzh-kov has been erecting monuments 
to Russia’s revival. Still, most of Russia 
today has fallen into hard times re- 
miniscent of the Great Depression in the 
United States. So, the question often 
arises: How did Mayor Luzhkov pay for 
it? 


In the center of town, Inkombank. 
Russia’s third largest bank, is located at 
No. 4 Slavyanskaya Square. The build- 
ing, erected in 1913, was a business 
center before the Russian Revolution, 
but fell into disrepair in Soviet times. 
Now it has been restored, and offers a 
clue to how Mr. Luzhkov built an em- 
pire. 

After the Soviet collapse, the pri- 
vatization chief, Anatoli Chubais, over- 
saw the largest transfer of state property 
to private hands in history. Factories, 
buildings, trucks and everything else 
were given to new, private shareholders 
— including every Russian citizen who 
received a * 4 voucher’ ’ for their share — 
at a fraction of the nue value. 

But in Moscow, Mr. Luzhkov 
stopped the Chubais plan cold. “Like a 
drank," he said of Mr. Chubais, “he 
sold off everything in the house." 

President Yeltsin personally gave 
Mayor Luzhkov control in 1994 over 
Moscow's vast inventory of state prop- 
erty. Ever since, die city has been cash- 
ing in. Last year, officials said the city 
took in $1 billion in privatization rev- 
enues, more than all of the federal pri- 
vatization effort. 

When Inkombank, a new, post-So- 
viet bank, was interested in the old 
building on Slavyanskaya Square, the 
city simply gave it the building, in ex- 
change for a promise to restore it, and a 
long-term lease. Now, the refitted 
headquarters gleams with a tum-of-the- 
century Russian modernist look. Mayor 
Luzhkov came to the ribbon-cutting. 
The bank’s president, Vladimir Vino- 
gradov, has become an ally of the may- 
or’s. donating 25 restored icons fo the 
Cathedral of uxrist the Savior. 

“We have close business ties with the 
city,” said a bank spokesman. Alexei 
Shatalov. “We have partnerships and 
commercial relations.” 


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PAGE 8 

Attack Seen 
On Jiang in 
China Article 

Party Reportedly Bans 
Edition of Magazine 

Reuters 

BEIJING — Communist Party pro* 
paganda officials have banned an edi- 
tion of a leftist magazine that launched a 
veiled attack on President Jiang Zemin 
just as his sponsor, Deng Xiaoping, 
died, sources said Sunday. 

The authorities halted distribution of 
the February issue of Zhongtiu, or 
Mainstay, which attacked a book seen as 
pro-Jiang, a Chinese source said. 

‘ ‘They’ve banned the issue,’ ’ said the 
source. The issue is unavailable on the 
market. 

Officials at the magazine said its dis- 
tribution had been delayed because of 
the disruption caused by Chinese Lunar 
New Year holidays earlier this month. 

Political analysts said the article 
marked a first salvo fired by leftists at 
Mr. Jiang, who was thrust into the po- 
sition of supreme ruler of China with Mr. 
Deng's death at 92 last Wednesday. 

“It’s an open challenge to Jiang 
Zemin," one analyst said. 

The attack in the magazine, mourh- 


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BAGHDAD — Iraq has agreed to 
mtn over pans of missiles to the 
United Nations, ending a dispute with 
inspectors cbargcd witb destroying its 
long-range missiles. 

Word of the agreement came in a 
joint statement Sunday following 
_ meetings between Iraqi officials and 
Rolf Eketo, the chief UN inspector, 

Mr. Eteus^^^^^edly accused 
Iraq of misleading his inspectors and 
^demanded that Baghdad allow" the 
1 Uhitcd Nations to test debris from 
. destxmned. missile engines in the 
MJmtedStates. 

' Mr. Ekeus has said Iraq may have 
removed - and hidden sophisticated 
/ Russian-built engines or engine parts 

and replaced them with virtually use- 
less Iraqi^nadepiecesbefore destroy- 


calling bis presence at another meet 

with the government t ■» 

Ssnce.” I Reuters) 

: fhmtigtehM in Chad 


NDJAMHS1A, Chad — 


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Mr. Netanyahu attending a memorial service Sunday in Jerusalem for Levi Eshkol, a prime mimstar in the 1960s. 


Ttestatem^ not say 

when the pads would be removed or 
where th^Wuuldtxitested. But it 
made clear that the material would be 
put under UN authority and analyzed 
m part abroad: ' (AP) 


Sft=srffi“£ Israeli Leader Hires a Top Lawyer 

Zemin." one analyst said. - 

pS'rfw ISjt STEcSiSEta Netanyahu May Face Criminal Charges in Influence-Trading Scandal 

Party, came in an issue published as Mr. . _ . . . . , . ■ . . . ’ 

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tbattbore were serious irregularities » 
the second round of parliameutoy 
elections Sunday , which were matted 
by low voter turnout 
Many voters stayed away from 
polling stations, apparently assuming 
thkt President ftfriss Deby s party, 
already’ far ahead in the fiist round, 

was assured of victory. 

; As polls closed and ballot counting 
started at voting stations. Framer 
Prime Minister ~ Jean Bawoyeu 
Alingue accused officials, of illegally 
handing out new voter cards on 
typing - day. And an official of the 
Rally for Democracy and Progress 
said voter lists had been falsified, 
leading to confbsion at several polling 
stations. 1 (Reuters) 


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Ahead of Neu> Talks, S “ I0 “ . . ! ‘ 

Lima Hostages Well Saudis Reissue Ban 

LIMA — - A Ponyiam doctor said On Politics at Hujj 


Deng, a pragmatic reformer, lay on his 
deathbed. 

Mr. Deng hand-picked Mr. Jiang as 
his heir in 1989 after the army brutally 
crushed student-led demonstrations in 
Beijing and he dismissed the incumbent 
party chief, Zhao Ziyang, for sympa- 
thizing with die protesters. 

While the power transfer so for has 
been smooth, analysts say upheavals are 
possible, especially with Mr. Jiang’s 
post as Communist Party chief up for 
review at the 15th Party Congress later 
this year. 

China's political heavyweights 
struggle for power behind the scenes in 
battles that traditionally become known 
rally when they erupt in the state me- 
dia. 

The magazine attacked the book for 
omitting to support the cardinal prin- 
ciples laid down by Mr. Deng as the 
basis of Communist rule, such as the 
leadership of the Communist Party and 
adherence to communism, a serious of- 
fense in China. 

The magazine slammed the book of 
essays on Mr. Jiang's ideology for sug- 
gesting China's authorities should tol- 
erate or shelter hostile foreign ideo- 
logical forces instead of locking them 
out 

If “we ’tolerate’ or ’shelter’ hostile 
ideology trying to overthrow us, it will 
inevitably lead to the destruction of our 
socialist ideology and culture,** the 
magazine warned. 

The language used by the magazine 
was reminiscent of the chaotic 1966-76 
Cultural Revolution that Mao Zedong 
used to purge his opponents, analysts 
said. 

The magazine is believed to be close 
to Deng Liqun. a retired conservative 
ideologue and former speechwriter for 
Deng JGaoping. Deng Liqun was side- 
lined by Mr. Jiang. 

China's leaders made final prepara- 
tions on Sunday for funeral rites for Mr. 
Deng, who will be cremated on Monday 
after family members and the top lead- 
ership pay their final respects to him in a 
small private ceremony at a Beijing 
military hospital. 

The authorities imposed tight secu- 
rity around the capital and especially in 
Tiananmen Square, the vast central 
space where the country will commem- 
orate Mr. Deng with official 'memorial 
rites at the Great Hall of the People on 
Tuesday. 


The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu, under question- 
ing m a reputed influence-trading scan- 
dal that could bring down his govern- 
ment, has hired one of Israel’s top 
criminal lawyers to represent him, the 
lawyer confirmed Sunday. 

As the scandal spread, the opposition 
Labor Party prepar e d Sunday for the 
possibility of early elections. 

Mr. Netanyahu, who was in Jordan on 
Sunday, reportedly has been warned by 
the police that he could face criminal 
charges in connection with die short- 
lived appointment of a political crony as 
attorney general. He has denied any 
wrongdoing. 

‘’Not only is die prime minister not 


minted wife any criminal act, be has not 
committed so much as a particle of a 
criminal act,” Mr. Netanyahu's new 
lawyer, Yaacov Weinroth, said Sunday. 

Internal Security Minister Avigdor 
Kahalanf, a leading ally in Mr. Net- 
anyahu's government coalition, said 
Saturday mat die scandal could bring 
down the government. 

Mr. Netanyahu was questioned last 
week about allegations mat Aryeh Deri, 
leader of the religious Shas party, con- 
ditioned his party's support fra- the 
Hebron agreement last month on the 
appointment of a Jerusalem lawyer, 
Roni Bar-On, as attorney general. 

Mr. Deri is being tried on corruption 
charges, and Channel One television 
reported that Mr. Bar-On was to arrange 


a plea bargain in exchange for his ap- 
pointment. 

The station said Mr. Deri threatened 
Mr. Netanyahu that unless Mr. Bar-On 
was appointed, he would withdraw 
Shas's vote for Israel’s agreement to 
hand over most of the city of Hebron to 
the Palestinians. 

Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. Deri have 
denied any such deaL Mr. Bar-On 
resigned one day after his appointment 
amid, criticism he was chosen only be- 
cause of his political ties. 

According to Israeli radio, the police 
and prosecution sources said Mr. Net- 
anyahu was warned that he might face 
cnminal charges after he evaded' dif- 
ficult questions and his-testimraxy con- 
tradicted that of other witnesses. . 


LIMA — - A Peruvian doctor said 
72-men held- hostage, by Marxist 
xebds in Lima were mostly in good 
shape as the government and guer- 
rillas prepared Sunday for new talks 
ro end the 68-day stand-off:' 

“There is no one who is grave, who 
.requires urgent attention outside the 
site and they are all in good condition, 
generally speaking,” Victor Lucero 
Rondon, hims elf a former hostage*, 
said in a local. television interview. 

Talks vitext scheduled to resume 

Monday between the government and 
the . Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement gunmen who are bedding 
the hostages at the Japanese ambas- 
sador’s home. 

President Alberto Fujimori said 
Saturday that 1 preliminary, negoti- 
ations progressed same in file latest 
round of talks Thursday, hut that a 


RIYADH — Saudi Arabia warned 
Muslims chi Sunday not to tiring leaf- 
lets, books or pictures “with a polit- 
ical aim” to this year's pilgrimage. 

Muslims have already begun ar- 
riving in Saudi Arabia for the 10-day 
hajf, ot pilgrimage, which begins, 
around April 8. ■ . 

: The warning, carried by the official 
Saudi Ftess Agency, was directed at 
pil grims from linn. Tehran insists drat 
ratit#m rfw vMmm'ng the United States . 
«nd Israel are an integral part of the 




r^..- - 


The Interior Ministry said anyone 
defying the ban would be dealt with 
harshly. It was the second warning 
this month. (AP) 


ALBRIGHT: A Touch of Star Quality CHINA: Thorny Issues Hang Over Secretary of State’s Visit 


Continued from Page 1 


policy lawyer — generally believing 
that the lawyer-client privilege should 
govern the workings of diplomacy, too. 


ige should 


But Mrs. Albright is an eager advocate, 
anything but shy, and deeply conscious 
of the snippet-and-snapshot world of 
television news. 

Mrs. Albright, a polyglot former pro- 
fessor known for her teaching skills, is 
remarkably natural in public. 

‘ ‘Her language ability is itself an ef- 
fective tool for American diplomacy,” 
said one career diplomat traveling with 
her. 

“To see her speak French or Russian 
or Czech, it’s an advantage. She’s com- 
fortable with foreigners and the world; 
she's not a rube." 

While Mrs. Albright prepares as hard 
as Mr. Christopher did, she wears her 
diligence more easily. 

She is also prepared to move beyond 
her talking pomts and debate her coun- 
terparts in real conversation. 

“So often, in diplomacy, it’s all set 
pieces," said another career officer. 
“You say this and I say that and the 
meeting ends and nothing happens. But 
she engages. And in contrast to nearly 
all her predecessors, she doesn't hide 
policy differences, but brings them out, 
and speaks very directly of them, saying 
things like: 'Here’s what we agree on, 
here's what we don't. Let me tell you 
what flie real problem is.' *’ 


YELTSIN: Seeking Compromise on NATO 


Continued from Page 1 

physical strength." The president, who 
met with Secretary of State Madeleine 
Albright last week, repeated Russia's 
objections to NATO expansion, but in- 
dicated that both sides were making 
“progress" toward a compromise. “It 
already happened more than once when 
we. the East and the West, failed to find 
a chance to reconcile ourselves," Mr. 
Yeltsin said. “This chance must not be 
missed." 

Mr. Yeltsin and Mr. Clinton are to 
meet in Helsinki on March 20-21. For- 
eign Minister Yevgeni Primakov ar- 
rived in Brussels Sunday for another 
round of talks with North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization officials. 

Mr. Yeltsin laid the wreath to mark 
Defenders of the Fatherland Day. In the 
past, he has used the holiday to call for 
military reform, which has not yet begun. 
Mr. Yeltsin sounded a mare realistic note 
Sunday, saying there are “difficulties" 
and “I amperfectly aware of them.” 

The difficulties were on display as 
Defense Minister Igor Rodionov de- 
livered a hard-line speech to a group of 
war veterans. He warned again that lack 
of financing has weakened the sinews of 
the Russian military and he claimed that 
further deterioration could lead to the 
West trying to assert control over Rus- 
sia's nuclear arsenal. 

His alarmist remarks seemed to be 
more for internal consumption, but Mr. 
Rodionov has made it clear that he is 


informing the public" about the mil- sian foreign minister, Yevgeni Pri- 
itaxy's needs. makov presented her with a Russian 

After two days of talks last week brooch, 
between Mrs. Albright and Russian Wbenshe entered the NATO meeting 
leaders, it was clear that Moscow re- in Brussels, there was considerable ex- 
mains as hostile as ever to the Clinton citement, with die foreign ministers 
administration's plan ro extend NATO craning to get a look. The Turkish for- 
te the western borders of the former eign minister, Tansu Oiler, her only 
Soviet Union by 1999. female colleague, ran up to her and said: 

Mr. Primakov said that Moscow still “It’s the two of us. Madeleine. I’m so 
had a “negative reaction" to NATO excited!*’ 

expansion, but was ready to do Her staff can be sensitive about tius 
everything in its power “to minimize gender difference. When rare reporter 
the negative consequences" of the noted that her Diplomatic Secarity Ser- 
Westem action. He said that Russia vice agents — who protect the secretary 
wanted to avoid any eastward shift in the of stare and her party — carry the hatbox 
alliance's military infrastructure and it ■ in which her black Stetson resides, a 


While Mrs. Albright is “unmiestion- 
ably in her honeymoon stage/' with no 
clear crisis or decision on the near ho- 
rizon. she is using it, one aide said in an 
oddly twisted metaphor, for wooing. 

She is wooing Capitol Hill, foreign 
leaders and especially the American 
public, through her wooing of the me- 
dia, in an effort to make foreign policy 
seem both exciting and meaningful to 
Americans no longer worried about dy- 
ing from a Soviet nuclear attack. 

She is trying to push the notioalbat 
foreign policy is as much today about 
jobs at home as it is about threats from 
abroad, and that the United States needs 
diplomatic representation — and an for 
temational budget — worthy of what 
she calls “the indispensable country.” 

Mrs. Albright is also 12 years young- 
er than Mr. Christopher, and if it is 
permissible to note fo print what is ob- 
vious on television, she is a woman — 
tire highest-ranking female ever to serve 
the United States. That simple fact cre- 
ates a built-in interest fo her perfor- 
mance that she seems happy to use. 

She is known for employing berjew- 
eiiy, for example ■ — especially the 
brooches she favors — to make political 
points. Most famously, when she was 
chief representative at tbe United Na- 
tions and the Iraqi press agency called 
her a snake, she wore a make brooch 
when she met the Iraqi foreign minister, 
Tariq Aziz. 

. In Russia, she doubled the effect, 
wearing her now-traditional large eagle 
brooch topped with another mooch in 
the shape of Uncle Sam’s hat, done fo 
blue, red and white. 

Knowing her predilection, the Rus- 
sian foreign minister, Yevgeni Pri- 
makov presented her with a Russian 
brooch. 

When she entered the NATO meeting 
in Brussels, there was considerable ex- 
citement, with the foreign ministers 
craning to get a look. Tbe Turkish for- 
eign minister, Tansu Oiler, her only 
female colleague, ran up to her and said: 
“It’s the two of us. Madeleine. I’m so 
excited!'’ 

Her staff can be sensitive about tips 
gender difference. When rare reporter 
-noted that her Diplomatic Security Ser- 
vice agents — who protect the secretary 
of state and her party — carry the hatbox 


Continued from Page 1 

tween President Jiang Zemin and Pres- 
ident Bill Ofoton. 

Mr. Jiang, unlike Mr. Deng, was not 
implicated m tire crackdown in 1989. 

American officials are trying hard to 
mnlce a breakthrough on talks to admit 
China to tbe World Trade Organization. 
The two nations seem determined to 
make it a year of banquets and toasts 
instead of missiles and verbal salvos. 

But a handful of issues — human 
rights, jet fighters to Taiwan, and a 
potentially messy return of Hong Kong 
to Chinese sovereignty — could stifi 
reduce the best laid plans to ashes. 

Moreover, though Chinese leaders 
have promised a warm reception in 
Beijing for Mrs. Albright, it remains to 
be seen whether the secretary of state, 
who prides herself on frank talk about 
human rights, will get along with 
Chinese leaders, who say that their hu- 
man rights record is nobody’s busi- 
ness. 

After all, when her predecessor, War- 
ren Christopher, came here for a visit fo 
early 1994, China detained the leading 
dissident, Wei Jingsheng, and berated 
Mr. Christopher for harping on human 
rights. 

Mr. Christopher did not visit again 
until just before the end of his tenure. 

Even if talks go well Monday, 
troubles could be close behind. 


rung to support a perennial United Na- 
tions resolution condemning China’s 
human-rights record at the UN Human 


Rights Commission in Geneva. 

The United States has tried to identify 
four ways the Chfoese could draw im- 
provement if they want the -United 
States to drop its support far the Geneva 
resolution: 

• Release promfaeut political prison- 
ers. . 

•Allow the inteznatioQal Red Cross 
to visit prisons. 

• Accede to UN covenants on human 

rights. . 

• Find a str uct ure foe continuing a 
dialogue with the United States, even if 
that involves ncfogovernmental organi- 
zations antheU-S. tide. 

“The issue of human rights reflects 
the American character, it reflects who 
we foe as a people,” said a diplomat, 
when asked whether the United Stases 
was laying aside human-rights con- 
cerns. 

To that. Mrs. Albright brings her own 
e^M ienoe and tira^aieno^rf^ter 

mcmist human-rights abuses in Europe. 

The ability of tire Chinese govern- 
ment to accommodate U.S. concerns on 
this issue is diminished by the political 
situation fo China. Mrs. Albright is step- 

E j into the closest equivalent China 
to anelectionyear. 

. CfotheeveofthefunerfoofMr.Deng, 
the president and Communist Party 
chief, Jiang Zemin, is for file first time 
left without the cover of his patron. 

Li Peng, now finishing his second 
term as prime minister, must.leave that 
post ana jockey for another job — - 
maybe one of Mr. Jiang’s — at the 


autumn party congress. 

The chairman of die National 
People's Congress, Qiao Shi, is also 
angling for a new post, and perhaps half 
a dozen people arc qtriedy campaigning 
fer tile jobs Mr. Li and Mr. Qiao will 
leave vacant. ... 

In foot context, advocating conces- 
sions on human rights would hardly 
bolster rate’s image m a country where 
nationalism is r unning strong, which 
insists it wfll not be- lectured otr human 
rights and ^^^^ eelstiiat it ffinagt 

Another stumbling block this year 
could be Taiwan. 

The United Sates is supposed to de- 
liver advanced fighter jets to Taiwan 
early this year. 

China said, and many American ana- 
lysts agree, that the sale violated a treaty 
between tbe United States and China 
limiting advanced weapon sales to 
Taiwan. 

Above all, the transition fo Hong 
Kong could affect relations between tbe 
two countries. There are 37,000 Amer- 
icans living in the British territory and 
more than $10 billion of American in- 
vestment 

The Clinto n administration is looking 
to China to maintain Hong Kong’s re- 
latively free way of life. ' 

Despite the stumbling blocks, Amer- 
ican officials seem determined to try to 
resolve issues — and put tbe best faceon 
ones that can’t be solved. 

‘The secretary will not hold the re- 
lationship hostage to a single issue;” 
saida diplomat in Beijing. 


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DISSIDENTS: China and U.S. Edge Closer on Human Rights 


sought a major say in any “out-of-area” 
NATO operations, such as the present 
peacekeeping mission fo Bosnia. 

■ NATO Chief Sees Russian 

The NATO secretary-general, Javier 
Solatia, and Mr. Primakov opened a new 
round talks on Sunday on a charter 
between the two former Cold War foes, 
Reuters reported from Brussels. 

The talks at Mr. Solatia’s residence 
were expected to last about four hours. 
Both NATO and Moscow have imposed 
a news blackout on tbe meeting. 


staffer hastened to say that the agents 
used to carry Mr. Christopher's tennis 
rackets. 

In fact, the agents themselves point 
out, they are responsible for carrying all 
of every secretary of state’s personal 
luggage, to ensure no one can tamper 

with it. 

In Rome, on a walkabout overlooking 
the Forum, she said cheerily: 
“Everybody has their own style, and 
mine is people-to-people.” 

“I’m dying mine, she said, ‘‘and 
rm enjoying it." 


Continued from Page I 

forward, but American officials point to 
two important factors. 

First, tbe government's leading hard- 
liner, Prime Minister Li Peng, has con- 
fidently predicted fo internal leadership 
discussions that he. can pull off an ac- 
ceptable deal with the Americans that 
would bring an end to the annual con- 
frontation over China 's human rights 
record at the UN Human Rights Com- 
mission fo Geneva. The commission 
meets from March 10 to April 18 this 
year and will again take up a resolution 
falling for an investigation into bmmin 
rights conditions in China. Beijing has 
defeated die resolution each time, often 
by narrow margins. 

Chinese officials say that such an 
achievement by Mr. Li would bolster his 
campaign to gain a prestigious parry 
post and retain supervision of China's 
foreign affairs after he steps down as 
prime minister next year. i 

Second, Chinese and American of- 
ficials alike have known since Novem- 
ber that Wang Dan, the student-leader of 
the Tiananmen democracy movement 


sentenced to 14 years last fall, is wilting 
to go into exile in exchange fra- his 
freedom. As one of the most famous of 
the eight dissidents bn Mr. Lake's list, 
his release and arrival jn tbe United 
States, which has already privately con- 
veyed a wiQfogness to provide him 
asylum, would be a dramatic, 1 1 th-hour 
concession by China. It would also rid 
Mr. Li of the last of the youthful rebels 
who, after his release from prison fo 
1993, defied Mr. Li ty fearlessly cam- 
paigning for human rights fo fTrfnn 

For Mr. Clinton, who has invested 
significant political capital fo removing 
trade sanctions imposed on China by his 
predecessor, a breakthrough on human 
rights that, shows tangible gfonj would 
vindicate his instinct to persevere with 
Benfog through a policy of high-level 
dialogue and engagement. But Mr. Clin- 
ton will need concessions that are able 
to withstand congressional scrutiny and 
what human rights advocates call “the 
laugh test.” 

One difficult issue for Mr. Qinron is 
deciding how many prisoners, of the 
eight cases raised, would be enough to 
declare -progress. Among them is Wei 


Jingsheng. China's most famous dis- 
sident, who has served 17 years out of 
29 years and for whom Mr. Clinton once . 
showed great public concern. 

With both, sides constrained by do- 
mestic political considerations, Mrs. 
Albright appeared to be lowering ex- 
pectations for her first meeting with 
Chinese leaders as secretary of 
and her senior aides indicated that she 
was maiKJuveringro give tbe Chinese an 
opportunity to get through the period of . 
Mr. Deng’s funeral before die final hard 
barg&fofog on the Geneva resolution. 

‘The emphasis fo China over the 
coming weeks and months is likely to be 
on continuity, on stability within the 
leadership, on building consensus with- 
in the leadership, in other words, nothing 
risky," said a senior official who briefed 
reporters traveling with Mrs. Albright 

“Our expectations are not too high,' * 
h e said , adding that, “based on the 
current situation, we expect to proceed 

with foe resolution.” Most members of 
the European Union, which has co- 
sponsored. each of the China resolu- 
tions, ' 'share our view of the situation ’ ’ 
be added. 


FRANCE : A New About-Face on NATO as Internal Pressures Wbrk to Keep It Out of Military Structure ? 


Continued from Page 1 

French colonies and 12.8 percent un- 
employment. 


"At present, the key point is to main- 
tain defense," he said, and “maintain 
what we have rather than be concerned 
over reform." 

Others, including the Defense Coun- 
cil secretary. Yuri Baturin, have said 
Russia can no longer afford the military 
it now has and must radically streamline 
its forces. Mr. Rodionov took the un- 
usual step of criticizing Mr. Baturin 
publicly, suggesting he nod been “mis- 


Frustrations, combined with fear the 
far-right National Front party will make 
strong election gains next year and anxi- 
ety about France's losing preeminence 
in Europe to Germany, have produced a 
chauvinistic tone in political debate. 

Many of Mr. Chirac’s friends and 
foes alike have taken to using the kind of 
anti -American oratory that de Gaulle 
used when he took French soldiers out 
from under U.S. military command 30 
years ago. 


The change was strikingly apparent 
fo a parliamentary debate on a French - 
German defense agreement at tbe aid of 
last month. 

Jean-Pi ene Chevenement, a deputy 
who served as defense minister during 
the Socialist president^ of Francois 
Mitterrand, said dismissfvely of NATO: 
‘ ‘Whether you like It or not, it’s Amer- 
ican. Its command is American, since 
the Americans haven’t given it up, not 
even fo the southern European sector fo 
Naples, despite a demand by President 
Chirac.” 

An adviser to Mr. Chirac said, "Our 
margin of maneuver was reduced by the 


parliamentary debate, no question about 
it.” 

Tbe United States holds the top post 
of Supreme Allied Commander for 
Europe in Brussels and that of Supreme 
Allied Commander, Atlantic, in Nor-, 
folk, Virginia. So, the French argue, 
when President BiH Clinton and other 
leaders approve a reorga nizatio n at a 
meeting of the 16 NATO allies in Mad- 
rid fo July, they should provide balance . 
between U.S. and European posts 1 y 
giving European officers the alliance's 
two main land commands in Europe. 

These are the one fo Naples, covering 
the Medkciraneanand the troubled Bal- 


kan region, and one for northern Europe 
in Brunssum, the Netherlands. 

“The president has said that France is 
ready to go back into NATO," said a 
French official close to Mr. Chirac, 
“but be can mty doit if the two sides are 
balanced.” 

Some (fipiomats say a co mpro m ise is 
still pfejsible ifbotfa leaden? want one. But 
one NATO official said the betting was 
against France's rejoining this year. 

■ Chirac Pushes for Romania 

.. President Chirac vowed to try to per- 
suade the United States to accept the 
.admission of -Romania to an expanded 


n^I° T ^“**5 *ep°rted from 

Bucharest Mr. Chirac said Saturday, 
after* two-day visitto Romania, that the 

>““1 obstacle to 
extending NATO membership to Ro- 
rtttruaand possibly Slovenia. 

presupposes that 
countries due to enier 

R*P“.blic 


everything possible to persuade our 

surTltoii! 1 ■ fiance to cn- 

5S5!"2£ admi «ion to NATO 
from the Madrid summit in July.” 


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HetaliSKSribunc 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 


PAGE 9 


/■ . 


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r. 


Main Street Takes Cue 
From the Country Club 

Democrats Reconsider Capital Gains 


By Richard W. Stevenson 

Nr*- York Times Sen-ice 


WASHINGTON — After years of 
deriding any cuts in the U.S. capital- 
gains tax as a handout to country-club 
Republicans, Democrats in Congress 
have softened their opposition and, in 
some cases, have come to support a 
reduction in the tax, increasing the 
likelihood of a compromise this year 
on the long-running and often bitter 
partisan dispute. 

Democrats said the change had been 
driven to some degree by the stunning 
rise in the U.S. stock marie** which hag 
left many middle-class investors sit ting 
on big gains and interested in min- 
imizing their ^ bilk if they seU stock. 

But the political dynamic of the issue 
has been most changed by increasing 
complaints about the tax from fanners 
and the owners of small businesses, both 
powerful constituencies. Those voters 
have received a far more sympathetic 
hearing from Democratic lawmakers 


than have the Wall Street securities 
films and other traditional proponents of 
reducing the tax on profits from the sale 
of stocks, bends, real estate and other 
property and investments. 

' Tins issue has moved from the 
country clubs and the boardrooms to the 
barrooms of middle America," said 
Senator John Breaux of Louisiana, a 
leading Democratic proponent of cap- 
ital-gains cuts. His view would be dis- 
puted by bis more liberal colleagues. 

Important differences still hinder a 
compromise. Most Republicans want 
to slash die top capital-gains rate of 28 
percent on all profits, arguing that such 
a reduction would unleash new in- 
vestment and create jobs and economic 
growth. Democrats tend to favor nar- 
rower and far less costly proposals 
aimed specifically at snail-business 
owners, fanners and homeowners. 

Still, because a c omp r omi se will be 
essential to efforts by the Clinton ad- 
ministration and die Republican-con- 
trolled Congress to reach agreement on 



llqUihigmw IWl 

Senator John Breaux, left, and Representative Robert Matsu]. 


balancing the federal budget, members 
of both parties said that enougb common 
4 existed on the issue to reach a 


"There has been a significant evo- 
lution of Democratic thinking on cap- 
ital gains,** said Representative Robot 
Matsui, Democrat of California, a 
member of the tax-writing Ways and 
Means Committee who has introduced 


a proposal aimed at helping small busi- 
nesses. 

Senator Joseph Ueberman of Con- 
necticut, one of die few Democrats to 
support a Republican proposal for an 
across-the-board reduction in the max- 
imum rate, to 19.8 percent, acknow- 
ledged that only a handful of his Demo- 

See GAINS, Page 12 


Kohl Set for Showdown 
Over Tax-Reform Plan 

Chancellor to Meet Top Social Democrats 
In Bid to Spur Job Creation and- Growth 


By John Schmid 

International Herald Tribune 


Market Reform May Slip as a Priority for Beijing 


Heutem 

SHANGHAI — China looks likely to 
slow the pace of reform in its financial 
markets, Deng Xiaoping's most startling 
experiment, as the senior statesman’s 
successors make stability their top pri- 
ority this year, analysts said Sunday. 

China's leaders already have enough 
on their plates, they said, citing renewed 
sovereignty over Hong Kong on July I , 
the Communist Party’s 15th congress 
later in the year and the task of con- 
solidating power in the aftermath of Mr. 
Deng's death on Wednesday. 

Bold and ambitious reforms in the 
financial sector are unlikely before 
these more pressing items are out of the 
way, the analysts said, but pressure to 
move ahead will build during the year. 

"I think for the coming months up to 
the party congress, the intention will be 
to keep things tight,'* a European bank- 
er said “But once the congress is out of 


the way. they will want to speed it up 
again." 

An analyst at a Shanghai brokerage 
said authorities could be expected to be 
cautious on <«»ing regulations and ini- 
tiating changes in the foreseeable future. 

“The main policy will not change." 
he said. 

“The development of the stock mar- 
ket will not change despite the news” of 
Mr. Deng’s death, said one trader. “But 
to maintain foe stability of the market, 
die government will not announce any 
big changes in the immediate future.*’ 

The chance of a rollback in the overall 
trend toward bigger, more sophisticated 
and regulated financial mar kets seems 
even more unlikely, analysts said. 

China’s stock, futures and capital 
markets sprang out of Mr. Deng’s com- 
ment in the early 1990s that capitalist- 
style markets might be wrath trying. 

“If, after one or two years of ex- 


perimentation, they prove feasible, we 
can expand them," he said “Other- 
wise, we can put a stop to them and be 
done with it.'* 

But as Mr. Deng probably knew when 
he gave his blessings, once the markets’ 
juggernaut got under way, it -was prob- 
ably impossible to do much more than 
guide it 

“The markets are still experimental 
to some extent,” the European banker 
said “but closing them down is less and 
less of an option as time passes." 

Beijing is faced with a host of pressing 
issues related to foe financial markets. 

The markets are still waiting for the 
release of long-delayed securities, futures 
and investment fund lavra, all basic budd- 
ing blocks of the financ ial industry. 

Foreign bankers and insurers are im- 

S 'ent about the slow pace at which 
na*s financial sector is being opened 
up. 


CYBERSCAPE 


An Internet Smut Scam Is Logged Off 


By David S. Hilzenrath 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Some unwitting 
Internet surfers recently discovered that 
free smut on the global computer net- 
work isn’t always free. 

They thought they were downloading 
software to view “adult” pictures from 
sites such as “sexygiris.com." but it 
turned out they had stepped into an 
elaborate trap designed to hijack their 
phone connections to an East European 
phone number and run up their phone 
bills at a rate of $2 to S3 per minute. 

That’s how the Federal Trade Com- 
mission has described what it called 
“one of die most insidious scams the 
FTC has ever seen. ’ * Though a lawyer for 
the site's alleged operators contends that 
the European link was clearly disclosed, 
the agency last week obtained a court 
order shutting it down and freezing bank 
accounts of several alleged perpetrators 
in New York. By that time, thousands of 

people may have racked tip more than 
$00,000 minutes of international phone 
charges, and some of them had received 
bills in the hundreds of dollars. 

It is not clear who. if anyone, will end 
up losing monev. Though customers may 
dispute the charges, AT&T Coro ^cor- 
porate security manager, Richard Petfllo, 
said his company was requiring them to 
pay at least for now. International treaty 
may require AT&T, an intermediary ui 



Bur those payments have been stopped 
by the temporary court order. 

Here's how investigators say it 
worked: 

Computer users would surf to sites 
called sexygjris.com, beavis- 
botthead.com or laduft.com, which m- 
stnicted them to download a special 
“image viewer” program if they 
wanted to obtain “adult” images. 

The program was actually a so-called 
Trojan horse, which performs secret op- 
erations in a computer, ft invisibly dis- 
connected the user's phone link to die 
Internet service provider and routed foe 
speaker on the dialing device as it dialed 
a number carrying foe country code of 
Moldova, a former part of the Soviet 
Union. The pictures arrived, and until 
the user turned off the computer, the 
meter kept running. 

Users generally discovered the scam 
when they received their long-distance 
phone bills in the mail. But it was AT&T 
that alerted the government after no tiring 
an unusual spike in calls to Moldova 
since the activity began in December. 

As described, the system was a new 
variation on what is already a huge 
industry in international dikl-a-pom. 
Foreign phone companies sometimes 
set up sex lines solely to generate calls 
from other countries. Under interna- 
tional rules, foe phone company is en- 
titled to collect part of the charges paid 
by the caller in the other country. 

Federal Trade Commission officials 
said they believe the perpetrators ar- 
ranged to receive a share or foe charges 


seattoa 

said they have no proof of that, 
trade commission suit, filed this 
month, charged Audiotex Connection 
Inc., Promo Line Ihc-, Anna Grella, 
William Garmon and David Zeng with 
unfair and deceptive trade practices fra 
their alleged involvement with the Web 
sites. Judge Denis Hurley of U.S. Dis- 
trict Court in Hauppauge, New York, 
issued a temporary restraining order 
against the defendants on Feb. 13. The 
coder was kept under seal until midnight 
Feb. 18 to give authorities time to locate 
and freeze their assets to help recover 
consumers’ costs in the allegro fraud. 

Joel Dichter, a lawyer for the de- 
fendants, said in a news release that 
“throughout the short six-week life of 
tire implicated service" the sites 
Ided “dear disclaimers,” such as 
is statement: “By downloading this 
software you will be automatically con- 
nected to a remote site where inter- 
national long-distance rates to Moldova 
apply. Call your long-distance carrier to 
verify price per minute.” 

The Federal Trade Commission said 
that such disclaimers were not shown 
from the beginning and that they 
provided inadequate warning. 

The Federal Trade Commission “has 
sued the wrong individuals and entit- 
ies,” Mr. Diditer said, adding that foe 
agency’s complaint “improperly fo- 
cuses on specific individuals as opposed 
to the Internet indusny generally." 

Internet address: 
CyberScape@ihi.com. 


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■fIRSKSSS.il mm **■»** "••*"* — "*"' 

0*0090*. 

Other Dollar Values 

CMimcy *•»* 

MHtMM 0.999B OrnkOnX- 
A^nMooV 1.3683 HoagKMOS 

Amman ka. n os NiMt-faffarf 

IrarHiMl 1.0506 
CMMttVWm SJ239 nato-wp*"* 

COKbMVH 2BJ4 W** 

niBiiiRhmni 6 IT* MrotfliMfti 
•SmTaanwl JJW5 KwiMw 

Forward Rates 

C untuq W-0*y 

taMdlhrMg l«*» 

Cnoadlm OaHor 1.3569 
work l 6808 


PITS 

2*376 

7.7618 

17475 

3S48 

23887 

0.6347 

1344 

03038 

2.4845 


MOL PCM 
N. team* 

Norn, two* 

napw 
point doty 
Port. Marta 
MBnAle 
Saadi rtyd 
smo-s 


INTI 

7755 

14364 

6715 

3634 

3315 

I69J3 

56690 

375 

1.423 


S.Afr.raul 

S.KW.WM 

Swa&taoaa 

Tafwafl S 

TMibaU 

IMMBn 

UAEdMm 

VMWLMh 


pars 

4484 

855.10 
74095 
27 JS3 
2574 

120590 

3*72 

47150 


1.6175 tans 
uw 

1.6W2 1-8711 


Japaaiay 

twbtimc 


122217 12140 171.13 
1.4656 1*8609 14059 




j.Wbniflonjue* ^ 

Jonm une (SDK OMramto********” 


D AIWA JAPAN FUND 
SKIAY fin liquidation} 

2, Boulevard Royal 
LUXEMBCHJRG 

RX. Uimb o B r; B-22 761 

Notice of Extraordinary General Meeting 

The shareholders of DAIWA JAPAN FUND are hereby 
convened to attend an Extraordinary General Meeting of 
Shareholders to be held on March 5th. 199? at 3dX> p.m. at the 
offices of Banqtie International i Luxembourg, 69, route 
d’Esch, Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg to 
deli berate on the following agenda: 

I. to hear the report of the auditor to the liquidation appointed at the 
previous Meeting; 

*. to give discharge to the Liquidator. Auditors to the liquidation and 
Dirceors who had been in place 

S. to decide to dose the liquidation and dslribulr the remaining net 
assets in ash; 

4k to decide io beep the records of IMIVA JAPAN FI ND fur a term of 
five years at the ofliia or Braque Internationale a lanemhourg. 
Shareholders are informed that at thin Meeting, nil quorum U 
required Tor the bolding of the meeting and ihr dcrixinn will he 
passed by a simple* majority of the sharia present and voting. 

■ The Liquidator 


FOB INVESTMENT INFORMATION 

Baud THE MONEY REPORT every Saturday in tin* ! HT. 


Stockbrokers complain about foe bu- 
reaucratic way in which companies are 
chosen for listing, resulting in too many 
poor-quality firms bring liked. 

“The need is there, there is an enor- 
mous need to address the issues," the 
banker said. ‘ ’But the political situation 
has not been stable enough for people to 
attack the knotty derisions.” 

“Stability is the top requirement for 
now," he added. ‘ ‘Any sign of weakness 
could trigger something unexpected.” 

■ China -Taiwan Stock Isa Hit 

The first company to be approved for 
simultaneous lis ting in China and 
Taiwan has completed a public sale of 
shares that was oversubscribed 10 
times, Bloomberg News reported 
Sunday from Taipei. 

Tsann Kuen Enterprise Co., an ap- 
pliance mak er based in the southern 
Taiwan city of Tainan, auctioned 3.66 
million shares to bidders for four days 
through Feb. 17. 

Investors offered to buy 36.4 million, 
said die lead underwriter. Core Pacific 
Securities Corp. The average bid for 
each share was about 85 Taiwan dollars 
($3.08), the Taiwan securities company 
said, more than double the company's 
minimum asking price of 38 dollars per 
share. 

The auction was part of an initial 
public offering of a combined 20 per- 
cent stake in the company. Another 3.66 
million shares will be offered in March, 
Tsann Kuen has said. Another 1 39 mil- 
lion shares are being placed with the 
chief underwriters. 


FRANKFURT — Fresh doubts were 
raised this weekend about the leadership 
of Chancellor Helmut Kohl on foe eve of 
high-stakes political summit talks where 
Mr. Kohl is to meet with leaders of the 
opposition Social Democratic Party to 
forge a compromise on tax reform. 

The Social Democrats downplayed 
expectations for the Monday summit 
meeting, with Rudolf Scharping, the 
party’s parliamentary leader, warning 
that consensus will be neither easy nor 
fast In the talks, foe Social Democrats 
will not relent in their opposition to 
crucial elements of Mr. Kohl’s tax plan, 
Mr. Scharping said in an interview that 
appeared Sunday in the Frankfurter 
Allgemeine Zeitung. 

Mr. Kohl needs to strike a compro- 
mise with the Social Democrats if his 
plan to overhaul the tax system is to 
survive the upper house of Parliament. 
He sees the plan as a strategy to attack 
record unemployment and bolster busi- 
ness. 

The summit meeting Monday in- 
creasingly is shaping up largely as an 
opportunity for rhetoric. After meeting 
in the afternoon in Bonn, politicians 
from foe government and opposition are 
expected to make statements and then 
hand off the real work to a cluster of 
committees. Mr. Scharping said he 
hoped foe talks would not extend be- 
yond April or May. 

Aimed at reducing tax rates and bol- 
stering business and hiring, tax reform 
has become the government’s top do- 
mestic policy priority and its main rem- 
edy for foe nation's unemployment 
crisis. The number of German jobless 
stands at a record 4.7 million, the 
highest since 1933. Along with foe 
European currency union, foe tax ini- 
tiative is Mr. Kohl’s rallying ciy for 
national elections next year. 


The opposition rejects many of the 
tax -break rollbacks that the government 
said are necessary to offset cuts in in- 
come and corporate tax rates. Mr. 
Scharping singled out the taxes on work 
done on Sundays, public holidays or at 
night. His party recently has rejected 
other aspects of foe government’s tax 
blueprint as well. 

Criticism of Mr. Kohl’s ability to 
suppress dissent within his own party 
continued to overshadow the lax debate 
over the weekend. 

Infighting within the Christian 
Democratic Union has weakened the 



tong 

governing Christian Democrats failed 
to send the right signal last week when 
they delayed a parliamentary vote to 
abolish a business tax. 

If they had held the vote, it would 
have demonstrated leadership and re- 
solve going into the talks, the newspaper 
wrote, but instead they showed internal 
disagreement and “exposed the coali- 
tion's own poor state.” 

Taxes are one of a triad of major 
reforms proposed by Mr. Kohl's gov- 
ernment this year that have been mired 
in setbacks and party infighting. 

Commentators say they believe the 
discord over taxes, along with draft le- 
gislation to overhaul the state retirement 
plan and the national health-care sys- 
tem, jeopardize Mr. Kohl's position and 
have made it more difficult for him to 
push ahead on Europe ' s plan for a single 
currency. 

Mr. Kohl’s government made its 
worst showing in three years in a poll 
repotted over foe weekend by the Elec- 
toral Research Group, regarded as one 
of foe country’s most reliable public 
opinion surveys. It showed that for the 
first time, a majority of respondents — 
56 percent — believed Mr. Kohl should 
not run for office again. 


Clarke Wary of Rate Cuts 


Bloomberg Nnv 

LONDON — Kenneth Clarke, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, said in 
an interview broadcast Sunday that he 
would not cut interest rates or raise 
taxes to combat the rise in the British 
pound. 

“I don’t think it’s wise to reduce 
interest rates to try to devalue your 
own currency, ” Mr. Clarke said. “I 
think, particularly in a strong recov- 
ery, it would cause high inflation.” 

“It was one of foe mistakes made 
in foe late 1980s,” he said. 

Tfre pound was rising against the 
Deutsche mart: “and we reduced in- 


terest rates,” he said. “It produced 
hyperinflation. We’re nor going to 
make that mistake again.” 

Mr. Clarke said the rise in the value 
of foe pound “is one of the tilings I 
have to bear in mind on interest rates 
and monetary policy. If foe pound 
appreciates more than 20 percent 
against the DM in 12 months, I can’t 
ignore that. It’s inflationary and 1 
much prefer a stable currency.” 

He repeated his view that it was 
unlikely that EU states would achieve 
the economic convergence necessary 
for the single currency to go ahead by 
the target date of Jan. 1, 1999. 


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THE PENINSULA 

MEW YORK 

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PAGE 2 

PAGET8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TMBL-NE. SATURDAy-SUNPitt, FEBRUAKf 1-k 



INTERNATIONAL HERALDTRIBliNEL FKTDAY-FERRIIARY 21. ldor 



PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


What Signal Will Greenspan Send About the Expanding Asset Bubble 




By Carl Gewiitz 

InternariotHil Herald Tribune 


PARIS — If die chairman of rhe 
Federal Reserve Board could express 
concern about the "irralionaJ exuber- 
ance" In (he U.S. equity market, as he 
did on Dec. 5 when the Dow Jones 
industrial average was at 6,438. what 
can he possibly say now that the index is 
hovering around 7,000 after hitting a 
record 7.022.44 on Feb. 13? 

It is a question that promises to haunt 
markets as they await Alan Greenspan's 
semiannual report to Congress, which 
begins Wednesday. His December re- 
marks in a speech to economists created 
a whirlwind, albeit a short-lived one, 
with the Dow falling 55 points and U.S. 
interest rales surging amid a worldwide 
sell-off in stocks and bonds. 

“Mr. Greenspan can’t be less worried 
now than he was in December.' ’ said Kit 


Juckes of NatWest Capital Markets in 
London. “But with no solid justification 
— inflation remains tame — will die 
Fed hike interest rates?" he asks. 

For Stephen Roach at Morgan Stan- 
ley in New York, the answer is an 
emphatic yes. 

“It's one thing to talk about an ever- 
expanding asset bubble in the United 
Stales, but it's another thing altogether 
to sit by and let the excesses build,” be 
said. Mr. Roach pointed to continuing 
solid economic growth, tightening labor 
market conditions and an upward drift 
in wages, as well as accelerating in- 
flation in home prices and in the art 
market — along with the 7 J percent rise 
in the Dow so far this year. “These are 
classic signs of excessive monetary 
stimulus.” he said. 

He expects Mr. Greenspan to use the 
congressional hearings "to send a clear 
signal that the days of monetary ac- 


commodation are over.” Such a policy 
change would have the biggest effect on 
U.S. bond prices, "ft pays to stay bear- 
ish on bonds," he said, as the currently 
□arrow 0.8 percentage-point difference 
between two-year and 40-year rates * ‘is 
priced for an extremely benign Fed. ' * 

The immediate impact of such a policy 
change, analysts speculate, would be 
negative across (be board. Bond prices 
would fall, driving up yields, while stock 
prices would drop to adjust to rising bond 
yields, and the dollar would dive as in- 
ternational investors cut their exposure to 
U^. stocks and bonds. In the longer term, 
the dollar would be expected to benefit 
from the increase in interest rates. 

Analysts say they believe the dollar 
sector of the international capital market 
could sail through any turbulence better 
than the domestic U.S. market Al- 
though new-issue volume in the inter- 
national market has been very heavy. 


Most Active International Bonds 


The 250 mostactive international bonds traded 
through the Eurociear system tor the week end- 
ing Fee. 23. Prices supplied by Tetekurs. 


Rnk Nome 

Cm 

Maturity Price 

Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

244Au5mo 

SH 

01/17/07 1007000 

58900 

British Pound 

112 World Bonk 

zero 

i 

1 

i 

6.7400 

139 Fannie Mae 


06*7*2 100.0000 

63800 

2)4 Denmark 

71* 

12*4*0 1013750 

7.1500 

242 Rabobank Neth 

6ft 

02/18*0 100.1250 

67400 

Canadian Dollar 

122 Canada 

8 

06*1/23 112.90 

7.0900 

188Canadki 

7ft 

12*1*3 1093080 

6.8600 

225 Canada 

7ft 

06*1*7 1073471 

6.7500 

226 Ontario 

zero 

04*5*1 80.6700 

53400 

Danish Krone 

7 Denmark 

8 

03/15*6 112.0500 

7.1400 

21 Denmark 

B 

11/15*1 1123300 

7.1300 

22 Denmark 

7 

11/15*7 104.0500 

67300 

28 Denmaik 

9 

11/15/98 1083200 

83100 

37 Denmark 

9 

11/15*0 1 143500 

78600 

41 Denmark 

8 

05/15*3 112ft 

7.1100 

48 Denmark 

7 

11/10/24 983000 

7.1200 


57 Denmark 
62 Denmark 
99 Denmark 
105 Denmark 
163 Denmark TUUs 
166 Denmark 
168 Denmark 
198Nykredtt 3 C$ 
232 Nykredit Bank 
239 Real Krerfit 
248 Denmark 


6 I2/T099 1043000 £7400 

7 12715AM 106.4000 65800 

7 02/15/98 103.1300 6.7900 

6 11715/02 1015000 & 8000 
zero 07701/97 98.7378 35700 

7 08715/97 10)5300 65900 
6 02715/99 103.9300 5.7700 

6 1 001/26 895000 6.7000 

7 1001/26 965500 75200 

6 1001/26 895000 67000 
4 02715/00 99.7000 4.0100 


Rnk Name 

84 Germany 

89 Treuhand 

90 Germany 

103 Germany 

104 Treulwnd 

109 Germany 

110 Germany 
115 Germany 

119 Germany 

120 Germany 
126 Germany 
130 Treuhand 
140 Germany 

145 Germany 

146 Germany 

148 Treuhand 

149 Germany 

150 EIB 

152 Germany 
155 Germany 

160 Germany 

161 Germany 

162 Germany 

164 Germany 

165 Austria 
167 Treuhand 
169 Germany 
171 Germany 
173 Germany 

177 Germany Thais 
189 Germany 
193 Spain 
200 Germany 

204 Germany 

205 EIB 

207 Germany TbIHs 
211 Germany 
218 Germany 
221 Portugal 
228 Bay LB Zent 
231 Credit Loco) 
247 Volkswagen 


Cpn Maturity Price Yield Rnk Nam 


Cpa Maturity Price YJeM 


8 03/2097 1000533 7.9700 

5 01/14/99 1025333 44600 
Sft 11/20/97 101M800 5.1700 
5ft 10/2W9B 1034100 5.1000 

7 11/25/99 1085600 64500 
5* 05/28/99 1047200 64900 

6 09/15/03 1054667 55700 
6ft 05/2099 1055400 54000 

8 09/22/97 1017200 7.7900 
716 KV20/97 1027500 75000 
Sft 02/22/99 103.7400 5.1800 
5ft 04/29/99 1046600 5.4900 
6* 08/2098 1044300 6.4400 
8* 07/2QQ0 114.7667 75200 
614 02/2098 1024900 60700 
Sft 09/24/98 1034800 5M400 
6ft 05/2098 1037400 61500 

6 KV22A23 1057729 5.6700 
646 01/2098 1034000 64300 
Sft 02/25/98 101.9700 5.1500 
7ft 10/21*2 1124500 64700 
5ft 08/2097 1014300 55800 
616 01/02/99 1054133 61700 

2.995 09/3004 994200 34200 
6Vj 01/1024 101.1500 64300 
5 12/17/98 102.7300 44700 
6ft 07/2098 1045000 64500 
Sft 002098 1034500 55600 
7ft 01/2000 1094000 65300 
zero 07/1097 97.9000 55700 
646 05/20971007600 63300 
51* 01/0007 1002200 5-7400 
81* 0022/00 1145500 75500 
616 02/24/99 1064600 64600 
4ft 12/28/01 1002000 44900 
zero 04/18/97 994639 35000 
714 10/20/97 1025900 74700 
7M 02/21/00 1108900 69900 
zero 0907/97 99.2957175000 

7 1918/05 1009000 64300 
516 10/18*0 916860 58700 
445 02/28/01 101.0443 4400Q 


French Franc 


159 France OAT 
184 France B.TA.N. 
208 France STAN 
217 France BTAN 


6 ft KV2SU6 108.7000 5.9800 
5V6 1(V1 2/01 104.7100 52500 
7 1(102/00 1094800 63700 
4* 04/12/99 1024000 45400 


Italian Lira 


187 Holy 


zero on 9/97 95.0400 102700 


Japanese Yen 


117 EIB 

229 World Bank 

249 World Bank 

250 Italy Class B 


605 04/28/00 1094260 45200 

4 ft 03/20/03 11444 19200 

4ft 12/20*4 11716 4.0500 

5 12/15/04 117U 42500 


Spanish Peseta 


220 Spot rr 


840 04130/0 6 1145730 75900 


Swedish Krona 


83 Sweden 
87 Sweden 1036 
158 Sweden 
179 Sweden 
19) Sweden 1037 
216 Sweden 
237 Sweden 


11 01/21/99 111.7150 94500 
10ft 0M4W 1152540 84900 
13 06/154)1 128551010.1100 
1014 0$*5*3 121.7100 85200 
8 0V1W 1094940 72800 
6ft IQ/25/06 99.1170 65600 
6 024)9/05 975770 61400 


U.S. Dollar 


Dutch Guil«ler 


Deutsche Mark 


1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Germany 
9 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Germany 

12 Treuhand 

13 Germany 

14 Germany 
16 Germany 
IB Germany 

19 Germany 

20 Treuhand 

23 Germany 

24 Germany 

25 Germany 

26 Germany 

27 Germany 
39 Treuhand 

30 Germany 

31 Treuhand 

35 Germany 

36 Treuhand 
38 Germany 

42 Germany 

43 Germany 
45 Treuhand 
47 Germany 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 

52 Germany 

53 Treuhand 

54 Germany 

58 Germany 

59 Treuhand 
61 Germany 

63 Germany 

64 Germany 

65 Germany 

66 Treuhand 

67 Germany 
66 Germany 

69 Treuhand 

70 Treuhand 

71 Germany 
73 Treuhand 

75 Germany 

76 Germany 
79 Germany 

81 Treuhand 

82 Treuhand 


6 014)4/07 1034200 518000 
6ft 04/26/06 1054757 5.9300 
8 01/21/02 1147300 69700 
6ft 10/14*5 1072200 60600 
6«> 05/12/05 1094833 62600 
8b 09/20/01 1154000 7.1600 
8 07/22/02 115M400 65300 

5 06/20/01 1025140 44700 
7ft 09/O9AW 1134100 65900 

6 01/05/06 1035867 5.7900 
7% 01/03/05 113.1000 65200 

5 05/21/01 1034333 44500 
01/04/24 99.0829 63100 

12/18/98 100.1400 34000 
12/02*2 112.7167 65400 
02/20*1 1152933 74700 
04/22*3 1095300 61600 
03/76/06 1035671 5.7900 
1V2OT0 1162614 7.7400 
12/20*0 1162450 75300 
14*1*2 1142140 67800 
01/13*0 1082167 64400 
6% 07*9*3 1084000 60900 
5U 02/21*1 1017700 £0600 
06/11*3 110.1300 62400 
07/15*31082300 64100 
12*2*8 1054300 65000 
11/21*01014400 4.9500 
01/29*3 1114600 63900 
05/15*0 I0SL7650 55500 
11/11/04 113.8900 65900 
09/18/98 1002000 34900 
08/2401 1172150 7.4600 
05/13*4 109.3300 61700 
01/22*1 1168800 7.7000 
Sft 05/21*1 1154500 72600 
616 07*1/991062100 60000 
06/20/16 98.6043 6.0800 
02/2Q/98 1025600 54400 
12/20*2 111-5700 63900 
07/21/97 1024300 0.0900 
03*4*4 1065540 54700 
08/22*01054700 54500 
03/15*0 107.4800 60600 
06/25/98 103.6400 5.9100 
03/26/98 1034500 5.9400 
07/15*4 109.3686 61700 
07/2W99 1061400 54900 
12/22/97 1034500 67900 
09/15*9 1075900 62700 
08/21*0 114.1733 74400 
0623*3 1082150 64100 
11/12*3 105.4000 55900 


6ft 

3ft 

71* 

Bft 

61i 

6 

9 

81* 

71* 

7 


6ft 

6ft 

61* 

5V* 

7ft 

51* 

m 

3 ft 
Bit 
6%. 
9 


6 

6 

7V» 

Bft 

6Vr 

5« 

6ft 

61* 

6ft 

6M 

6ft 

7 

6ft 
8 '* 
6' 7 
6 


8 Netherlands 
32 Netherlands 
51 Netherlands 
72 Netherfands 
85 Netheriands 

93 Netherlands 

94 Netherlands 

96 Netherlands 

97 Netherlands 
100 Netheriands 
102 Netheriands 
707 Netherlands 
106 Netherlands 
ll4Nefha1ands 
116 Netheriands 
118 Netherlands 
124 Netherlands 
127 Netherlands - 
132 Netherlands 

141 Netheriands 

142 Netherlands 
157 Netherlands 
174 Netherlands 
183 Netheriands 
194 Netheriands 
206 Netherlands SP 
224 Netherlands 
240 Netherlands 
243 Netherlands 


51* 02/15*7 1025500 55000 
6ft 07/15/98 1034500 64200 
01/15*6 1069000 57200 
06/15*5 1111* 62600 

04/15/10 117W 63800 

09*1*5 1166000 66500 
can 5G1 1155500 74600 
01/15*4 1063500 54100 
7V* 01/1423 17845 63300 
9 05/15*0 115.1200 74200 
09/15*1 1175800 74400 
03/1599 1069000 65500 
01/15*1 1162500 7.7000 
06/15/99 1085000 69100 
11/15*9 1095500 64400 
04/15*3 108-9000 5.9700 
09/15*2 1054000 54800 
11/14*5 110 61400 

02/15*0 112.1500 73600 
06/15*2 1164500 74600 
02/15*7 1215500 67800 
02/15*31115000 62700 
01/15*01105500 74100 
07/15/98 1042200 62400 
02/15/99 1061500 63600 
zero 01/15/23 18.9500 65300 
8V6 02/15*2 1163500 74900 
6ft 01/15/99 1054500 61600 
9 07*1*0 11545 74000 


6 

7 

7% 

71* 

816 

51* 


8M 

7 

9 

m 

7VS 

6ft 

51* 

6K 

81* 

81* 

8V4 

7 

71* 

AM 

(M 


ECU 


78 France OAT 
86 EIB 

111 France OAT 
128 France OAT 
736 France OAT 
138 France BTAN 

143 Spain 

144 UK T-nofe 

153 Britain 

154 France B.TJLN. 

180 Fiance OAT 

181 France OAT 
197 France OAT 
209 France OAT 
238 France OAT 
246 EIB 


7 04/25*6 1Q&5000 64500 
514 04/15*4 994750 52800 
8 ft 03/15*2 1144500 74000 
5ft 04/25*7 974750 55500 
6 04/25*4 1013000 54100 
5 03/16/99 1015100 4.9200 
zero 05/14/97 984957 64100 

5 01/36/99 101-3117 4.9400 

9ft 02/21*1 11620 74500 

6 03/16*1 1044800 57200 

8M 0*2522 1200000 64800 
m 04/2505 11220 65800 
6ft 0425*2 1074000 62600 
9V, 04/2500 1 145000 82900 
10 02/26*1 1194500 84000 
10 01/24*1 1181* 846QQ 


Finnish Markka 


201 Flntand 
203BnlantJ 


11 

7ft 


01/15/99 1134104 92000 
04/)B*6 1094000 65500 


6 Brazil Cap SJL 
15 Argentina FRN 
17 Argentine L 

33 Brazil L 

34 Tokyo Elec Pwr 

39 Bulgaria 

40 Mexico 
44 Venezuela A 
46 Venezuela 

55 Argentina 

56 BrazB 
60 Braz852> 

74 Brazil SJ. 

77 EaiQdor 
80 Mexico par A 
88 BrazBparZl 

91 DSL 

92 Bulgaria 
95 Mexico pars 
98 Ecuador par 
101 Argentina L 
106 Mexico 
113BRIZB 
121 Argentina 
123 Brazil SJ_ 

125 Bulgaria 
129 World Bank 
131 Russia 

133 Bco Cora Ext 

134 Sal Be Mae 

135 Italy B 
137 Finland 
147 Mexico D 
151 Mextco A 
156 Mexico 
170 Panama 
172 Ecuador 

175 Argentina 

176 Credit Locol 
178 Ontario 
182 EIB 

185 ABN AMRO 

186 Argentina 
190 Venezuela 
192 Poland 

195 Venezuela B 

196 Brazil 
199 World Bank 
202 BrazB CbondS.L 4ft 
210 Poland 

212 World Bank 

213 Ontario 
215 Sweden 
219Canada 
333 Italy 
223 Mexico B 
227 Argentina 
230Ciegem 

233 Venezuela 

234 Poland 
235 Mexico 
236SNCF 
241 Poland par 
245 Britain 


41* 

6 ** 

51* 

61* 

7 


69V 04/15/12 
3 02/28/15 
61* 12/37/19 
5 04/15/24 


04/15/14 855927 52500 
03/29*5 88.1913 75100 
0301/23 67.9875 72200 
04/15*6 907500 7.1600 
02/13*7 1015750 68700 
69V 07/28/11 595250 11.0700 
11V* 05/1926 113W10.1000 

61* 03/31/20 785833 85900 
61* 12/18*7 89-3700 7 . 2737 
m* 01/30/17 1075000 105800 
61* 01*1 AH 982083 66200 
616 04/15 /, 24 810958 78400 
818333 8.0200 
64.1617 45800 
788313 88100 
678750 73700 
6V* 02/13*21008750 64400 
6V» 07/28/24 62.7000105700 
61* 12/31/19 78.0417 88100 
31* 02/28/25 462500 78300 
64* 03*1/23 833126 75500 
9ft 01/15*7 1058000 95000 
Bft 11*5*1 1013500 8.7200 
5Vu 04*1*1 1261000 43121 
69*1 04/15*9 863750 75000 
2Vk 07/2802 460750 48800 
558 09/27/99 ' 993500 57200 
9ft 11/27*1 99.0000 93400 
714 02*2*4 92J500 78200 
41* 08*2/99 965250 45600 
zero 01/10*1 783500 63300 
7ft 07/28*4 108.1250 72800 
6352 12/28/19 915685 6.9300 
6453 12/31/19 91.7083 7.0400 
lift 09/15/16 112ft laiOOO 

7ft 02/13*2 1003750 78500 
61* 02/28/25 694375 93600 
1 1 10*9/06 1083000 10.1400 
6V* 02/18*4 965536 67250 
7ft 01/27*3 1043750 78700 
7ft 09/18*6 1043500 68300 
616 02/14*01003000 62200 
59V 09*1*2 111.70 48679 
6*u 03*1/07 913712 78500 
6** KV27/24 98.0608 66300 
6M 03/31/20 783000 85000 
6 09/15/13 77.7500 7.7200 
6ft 06/21/06 1018000 65600 
04/15/14 866967 11900 
4 18/27/14 853750 45900 
430 12/18/97 998851 47400 
6ft 0608*0 10G.1250 61200 
03*4*3 1018000 64400 
08/28/06 1013000 66500 
09/37/33 962500 7.1400 
91.6198 69600 
983750 83100 
983585 83700 
918000 73800 
645875 10200 
7ft 08*6*1 1018500 73500 
69* 08/19*2 1007500 64500 
3 IQ/27/24 577292 12000 
694 07/19*1 1023750 63900 


6V* 

694 
6ft 
6ft 12/31/19 
8ft 12/20*3 
zero 05*6*7 
6ft 03/18*7 
314 10/27/24 


The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, Feb. 24-28 

* sctvauki ct Ous imeh's ocixwinc and leta/tctol ov&its. axrifxled /or tho tnirnntonal Horakl Ttixina by Btoambeqj Business News. 


Asia-Pacific 

Expected Tokyo: Japan-Russla Intergovem- 
This Week mental Committee’s second meet- 
ing. First Deputy Prime Minister Vik- 
tor Ilyushin of Russia to discuss 
trade. 

Earnings: Newcrest Mining, QBE 
Insurance Group. 


Europe 

Amsterdam: Trans- Atlantic Decla- 
ration ministerial meeting to discuss 
Canada- Eu ropean Union trade. 
Madrid: Central government deficit 
data for January and current ac- 
count and customs-cleared trade da- 
ta for December. 


Americas 

Detroit Society of Automotive En- 
gineers International Congress and 
Exposition. Through Thursday. 

San Diego: Software capitalization 
conference. Through Wednesday. 
Sao Paulo: Privatization and social 
security systems conference. 
Through Tuesday. 


Monday Melbourne: Industry Commission 
Feb. 24 1° hold hearings on its proposal to 

reduce automobile import tariffs af- 
ter 2000. 

Tokyo: Chain-store and depart- 
ment-store associations to release 
sales data for January. 


Budapest: Final 1996 current ac- 
count data. 

Oslo: Preliminary retail safes data 
ter January. 

Prague: Foreign trade data for Jan- 
uary. 

Earnings: Hanson, Norsk Hydro. 


Ottawa: Internationa] transactions 
in securities data for December and 
term cash receipts for fourth quarter. 
Washington: Treasury Department 
to release budget statement for Jan- 
uary. 

Earnings: Lowe's. 


Tuesday Wellington: Hourly and weekly 
Feb. 25 wages data forSepiember-Novem- 
ber quarter. 

Earnings: Attach, D'urban, Emoto 
Industry, ISB. Japan Engineering. 
Kyoto Hotel, Luckland. Nippon Car- 
bon. Seiwa. Teihyu, Tsurumi Soda. 


Copenhagen: Wholesale price data 
for January. 

Paris: Trade balance data fra 1 De- 
cember and consumer price index 
for January. 

Earnings: EMI Group, Kvaemer, 
National Westminster Bank. 


Philadelphia: Norfolk Southern ap- 
peal before circuit court over Con- 
rail-CSX consolidation. 
Washington: Conference Board to 
release consumer confidence index 
for February. 

Earnings: Wal-Mart stores. 


Wednesday Manila: Semirara Coal special stock- 
Feb, 26 holders meeting to consider in- 
crease in capital stock. 

Tokyo: Japan Automobile Manufac- 
turers Association releases export 
data for January. 

Earnings: IMI, Pioneer International. 


London: Merchandise trade data 
with the world for December and 
non-EU countries for January. 
Stockholm: Inflation expectations 
survey commissioned by Riksbank. 
Earnings: British Aerospace, Phar- 
macia & Upjohn, Valmet 


Sao Paulo: Institute ter Economic 
Research to release inflation rate 
for the X days ended Feb. 21. 
Washington: Chairman Alan 
Greenspan of the Federal Reserve 
Board to testify before the Senate 
Banking Committee. 


the average life has been rather short. Xd 
addition, it would appear that very tittle 
is sitting with the banks as inventory, 
and that the bulk has been, placed with 
investors counting on the- snort matur- 
ities and the dollar's expected appre- 
ciation to shelter them from any dis- 
turbance in ihe U.S. market. 

Ford Motor Co. issued$l-25 billion 
of five-year global notes last week, 
priced to yield 38 basis points more than 
comparably dated U^. government pa- 
per. The lead manager, Goldman, Sachs 
& Co., said the issue had been increased 
from the initial $1 billion to satisfy the 
heavy demand. Goldman estimated half 
the total amount was sold in the United 
States, with the remainder nearly evenly 


divided between Asia and Europe. 

Germany's KFW International Fi- 
nance sold $500 million of 10-year 
notes, not an especially favored ma- 
turity. But there has been veiy little 
paper from European issuers atthis ma- 
turity, and tiae lead manager, Deutsche 
Rani? AG, said there was a pocket ot 
demand to be filled. It estimated cwo- 
thirds was sold in Europe and the re- 
mainder in Asia outside Japan. 

Adding to its program of establishing 
issues than can be fused to create bench- 
marks in die euro, die European In- 
vestment Bank last week sold 3 bdlion 
French francs ($527.3 minion) of 10- 
year bonds that will be redenominated 
into euros, along with the 1 billion -guild- 


er ($528 3 million) issue sold earlier this 
month, when the planned common Euro- 
pean currency is created. However, to 
accommodate the planned fusing of 
these issues, the franc issue had to cany 
the 5.75 percent coupon of the guilder 
issue and this necessitated pricing the 
French issue at a premium of 102.94 — 
making for a more difficult sale, 
TheEIB also reported that its recent I 
btilion-euro issue of seven-year bonds, 
the first in a currency yet to be officially 
created, had been increased to 13 bil- 
lion euros. The add-on was priced to 
yield one basis point over French gov- 
eminent paper in European currency 
units, compared with the spread of five 
basis points on the initial offering. 


9 


Thursday Bangkok: Bank of Thailand to re- 
Feb. 27 lease monthly money market data. 

Tokyo: Industrial production and re- 
tail sales data for Januaiy. 
Wellington: Overseas trade data 
for January. 

Earnings: Bridgestone. 


Rome: Employment data at large 
companies for November. 
Wiesbaden, Germany: Preliminary 
consumer price data tor January. 
Earnings: Abbey National, ABN- 
AMRO, Asea Brown Boveri, Cred- 
itanstalt Investment Bank, Lasmo. 


Caracas: Anonima Nacional TeJe- 
fonos de Venezuela employees 
scheduled to vote on strike. 
Washington: Mr. Greenspan to tes- 
tify before the House Banking Com- 
mittee. Durable goods date for Jan- 
uary. Weekly money supply report 


Friday 
Feb. 28 


Canberra: Productivity Commission 
to issue final report on private 
health insurance policy. 

Wellington: Final results of 1996 
census. 

Earnings: Isuzu Construction. San- 
sui Electric, Sumitomo Rubber. 


Helsinki: Gross domestic product 
data for December. 

Earnings: Stork. 


Caracas: inflation data for Febru- 
ary. 

Washington: First revision of 
fourth-quarter GDP. The Purchasing 
Management Association of Chica- 
go to release overall manufacturing 
index for February. 


A Warning of Turmoil in World Markets 


International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Stock markets in a num- 
ber of countries hit record highs last 
week. Bond markets were also ral- 
lying. And the dollar was setting a 
three-year high against the Deutsche 
mark and a four-year high against the 
yen. Then, poof! The dollar fell- Stock 
prices fell. Bond prices fell. 

But the turmoil last week may Just 
be a taste of what is to come, with 
worries mounting about an increase in 
U j>. interest rates and doubts increas- 
ing about the likelihood of European 
monetary union occurring on sched- 
ule. analysts such as Avinasb Persaud 
at J. P. Morgan in London aze warning 
that markets may be heading into a 
period of increased volatility. 

Last week's big hits in Japan are a 
case in point The drops occurred 
Thursday, the day newspapers around 


the world headlined the death of Deng 
Xiaoping. Then on Friday, the Nikkei 
index of Tokyo stock prices scored its 
largest daily gain in almost a month. 

Thai looks curious until yon con- 
sider that the news ofMr. Deng'sdeaih 
was overshadowed by a repeat in the 
Nihon Keizai Sbimbun, Japan’s lead- 
ing financial newspaper, that the gov- 
ernment was preparing a dramatic 
policy to stabilize real estate prices. 

Any move to deal with Japan’s 
long-festering property crisis would 
be bullish for the economy and good 
news for stock prices — and it would 
give the green light to die Bank of 
Japan to lift interest rates from their 
current historic low of 0.5 percent 
• But by late Friday, analysts had 
concluded there was little immediate 
substance to the story, and that the 
government — worried about how the 


markets would react to die news of 
Mr. Deng's death — had planted the 
story as insurance to keep stock prices 
from falling. Apparently overlooked 
by Tokyo was how the “news” would 
affect the positions of banks and 
hedge funds that have borrowed bil- 
lions of dollars worth of virtually no- 
cost yen to finance the purchase of 
high-yielding government paper in 
the United States and Europe. The 
prospect of a rise in interest rates led to 
massive selling of foreign bonds and 
the dollar to repay the yen loans. 

With the late realization that there 
was no immediate policy action 
planned, the panic unwinding of po- 
sitions abated. After hitting a low of 
122-5 1 yen on Thursday, the dollar 
ended the week at 123265 — down 
iust one yen from the previous week. 

— CARL GEWIRTZ 


New International Bend Issues 


Compiled by Laurence Desvifeffes 


Issuer 

Amutut 

CmitRoas) 

Mat. 

Coup. 

% Price 

Price 

end 

week 

Term 

Floating Rate Notes 

Asset-Backed Capital 

SI 00 

2007 

0145 

9930 

— 

Over Smonta Ltaor. Ctfobte tit IDOtetaaKtt Fee* 050%. DwwatooBons 5100000. fCS F»» 
Boston} 

COmeriai 

sm 

2002 

0.03)3 99.9825 

““ 

Onr 3-morati Ubor. Callable at par ftsmSOOOi Fees 0.173%. DemMdnattons J10000. (Labman 
Brothers InTU 

MBNA Master Card Credit 
Trust 

585 0 

20)4 

0.16 

100.00 

— 

Owr 7 -r/ntimUba. Average me 15 rears. Fees nor dUctaad Abo 575 mUflonpoytoo 005 wer 
LKmt. (fteftmon BrWVwre tntU 

GPL Inti Holdings 

5100 

2002 


loaoo 


Overdwnenih Ubor. RedeemaMeat porln2D0QL Fees 1j6S%. Denomtuoflons J50WXXL 
(Staidont Omterad Bank) 

Sakura Capital Funding 

$600 

perpt 

0.95 

7 00.00 

' 

MumstwW be OfSumrUnanlTi Ubor tmN 3002 whan issue to coBPMe or par, tlumonerZJS 
ONT. Fees 1%. Also 8400 mBSan paying afimd 7J2% UR»X»2. tiereaner Z45 arar Ubar. 
WanU Lynch IMI) 

SMM Company 

S190 

2000 

2tt 

700.00 

— 

Ora 6-moKth Ubor. Redaemabte at par In 1999. Fees not avrUaWe. (Banters Ttud IntU 

Barclays Bank 

£300 

2012 

020 

99j65 


InteraWtafU be 03) a«ar>flian>fi LtaorantR 2007, fheraaffer latarar. GWtaUe at par from 2007. 
Feeo035%. Denomtnottau CiaotXL (tadoys de Zoete WeddJ 

Midland Bank 

£300 

2002 

Bbar 99.959 


Intaetf bathe Jmontti Uborttif. NoncoMiJe. Fees 915%. Dmntbtodans EW00O. 
(NSBCMaiMU 

Sanwo Finance 

V23AQQ 

perpt 

0.70 

10030 


IntaieWwfll be ajOowr^flwim Ubor unM 20ta IriftowrimtH 2007, 200 owrflwwirier. - 
Prtrateploceraentoottabteot por horn 2002. Fmft30%LDMtamtaaaons 100 mWlon yen. 
Uanwo Ml) 

Tokai Finance (Curacao) 

Y29J00 

perpt 

070 

100.00 


Interest wkl bo 070 e»er 6-manm Ubor unS 2002. 1J0 aw ontfl 2007, thereafter 1 JO iwr. 
Private placement caDabie ot par fram M02. Also 62 bflBon yen paying 3W% unW 2007. 1 30 
over UborurtB 2012. Ihewriter 1J80 over. Fees 030%. Denomlnattara 100 mlDian yen. CTokaJ 
Bonk) . 

Fixed-Coupons 

BGB Finance Ireland 

5300 

2001 

61* 

loaio 

— 

Reoffend ot per NoncaBoMe. Fas 0225%. DamnMaHom 510000 /Dohra EuropeJ 

Council of Europe 

SI 60 

2000 

533 

100.00 

— 

Semtannuifly. Callable private ptacemwit. Few 1-30%. CYomokW IntU 

Deutsche Sdtfbbank 

SI 00 

2002 

6 

101.00 

1 

Merest «A be 6% unte 19W, when issue is eatable at par, !herealterB%. Few not dbdassd. 
(Conunanbank) 

FTrst Bank Corporate Card 
Master Trust 

53943 

2003 

&40 

993772 


Semkmnuatfy- NoneoBabta. Fees 0325%. (j.P. Morgan SecurfllesJ 

Ford Motor Credit Corp. 

51.250 

2002 

6 Vi 

99-916 

99.86 

ScmtonnuoSy. Noncattable. Fees 035%. (Gohtman Sachs Inti.) 

KFW Inti Finance 

5500 

2007 

6Vi 

99^41 

9878 

Noncaflable. Fees 0323%. (Deutsche Morgan GrenfelU 

LB Rheinland- Pfalz 

5500 

2002 

6Vt 

99734 

9937 

NoncollaUa. Few 025%. IIBJ inrU 

LB Schleswig-Holstein 

S100 

1999 

6 . 

10130 

99.72 

Reoftared at par. NoKUtabta. Few 1 W%. (Banque Generate a urambouto) 

Nederland se 
Wate radio psbank 

5200 

1999 

6 

101345 

100.00 

ReoBered at 100.12. Noncottatte. Fees lWfc. (Merrill Lynch Inti) 

Norddeutsche Londesbank 

5200 . 

2000 

6 

101.12 

99^5 

Reoffered at 99.82. Monadtable. Fwi 1 Wflfc. (Bank of^ Toky»Mirsi»»dsM.l 

Queensland Treasury Carp. 

5250 

1998 

5 . 

loaoo 

— 

Nmcaeabia private placement Fws0J0%. (NU» EuropeJ 

Batavia II Credit Card Carp. 

DM340 

2071 

5% 

WM 

— 

ReaAnd atWJl. Average nfe 12 yean. Fees 2W%. f Morgan Stanley inflJ 

Raiffeisen Zentralbank 

DM300 

2003 

4% 

10134 

9935 

NoncaMde. FSes 2W%. (DG BraU 

Vienna 

DM300 

2003 

4« 

U024 

— 

Rwflered at 9989. NoncaUnble. Fees 2ft%- (Bayerlsche Verebisbaitfc) 

Boyeriscbe Londesbank 

£500 

2002 

69* 

101.145 

— 

ReoBaed DT99J2. NoncaUabte. Fees 1 Nflt (CS Fbst Bostwv) 

Coundl of Europe 

£100 

1998 

6 

10030 

• — 

NancaBabto pdwie jdocement Fees 050%. (NOckD Eunmeo 

Safeway 

£150 

2004 

m 

9937 

— 

NonaritaHe. Fws 0J75%- (CS Flret BostanJ 

World Bank 

£250 

2000 

6 

1CXM25 

— 

Semtannwrey. NoncaOable private ptacenwrt. Few 1WL {Nomun InTU 

Eurofima 

FFBOO 

2007 


9970 


Interest will be 5561% plus 4 tfcnes the dWtrence between fronc Libor and mark Ubor. 
NancaHabta. Fees 0325%. Increased from 300 mffltan francs. iSoctete GenoraJeJ 

European Investment Bank 

FFaooo 

2007 

5ft 

102.94 

1CKL44 

Nonateabie. Issae nay be redenominated In euros otter EMU. Fees 0325%. (Banque 
No8onaJed» PortsJ 

Sara Lee 

F FI ,000 

2002 

4ft 

7073T3 

9939 

Reaifered at 99J38. Noncaflable. Foes l »% (Sodate Generatej 

Credit Loco) de France 

ITL20&000 

2002 

8 

701375 


iRtoBSt wB bes% m Brs sis months thereafter phrs the o^nantfi Bm Ubermhwt S» 6- 
monlh ruark Uboc. Semfanmmuy. Reatfered at 99ri5. Noncattable. Foes 1 Wfc. (Deutsche 
Morgan GranteU 

Turkey 

ITL30O000 

2002 

9 

10030 

9fi_50 

RwrferedatW.jtancaiiobteL Fees 2%. (Chase Manhattan Intt) 

ABN-AMRO Bank 

DF400 

2009 

6 

101.995 

10055 

RKrifeted at 1QCL42.Nonca8able. Fees naTdhdosed. WBfi-AMRO Bank) 

Depta 

DF250 

2001 

4ft 

70030 

98.71 

Raafferedat993LNonca0abte.Fees1W%.(1NG Barings) 

European Investment Bank 

ECU300 

2004 

5ft 

99306 

99J30 

NonaArtrie. Issue w« be redsiKwrAiatedinqwos attar EMU. Fees IWk. [Caisse des Depots 
«t Ccnoftnatloasj 

Caisse Central de Credit 
ImmobUier 

Y5U00O 

2009 

3 

100.00 



NooeidtaWepriwjte phaettmL Fees 035% Omomtaattans 100 mfiDwj y«t. (Nomura InfU 

New South Wales Treasury 

Corp. 

Y15*00 

2000 

430 

10030 


rMemprion ramaturiV w» ta dDQare. NoncaMbte privaM ptaonmenf. ffees not dsetaud. 
(Oiase Monhottan IntU 

Equity-Linked 

La! Sun Inff Finance 

$700 

.2004 

5 

70030 


5en4BB»a«y. RKieemabta a 12049 tn 2001 H Asia Tetevtaiarra IPO dees nai taka ptaee. 

Comame Mo ATV shuns at a price to be (faced at the tan* of the IPO. F«s not (Rsdosad. 
DenomtaaaonsSiaOOO (Bankers Trust Uflio 


_ _____ ■_ _• roMBn 

TueamifflunlcoJions ai 38 rupee* per shaia a 1078*. premium, andat «88 rupees perfloftr. 

«=—* 2VHL (Nomura InMJ 


Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock Indexes 


Fab. 21 
693152 
22974 
335X49 
781 51 
80177 
93614 
42151 
13300 


United Straw 
DJ Indus. 
DJUtL 
DJ Trans. 

s&pioo 

S&P30Q 

SSPIOd 

NYSgCp 

NssdoqCp 


Fab. 14 

698856 

22284 

2359-55 

78739 

80649 

9422S 

42348 

1347.19 


%Oi'ge 
-682 
-039 
—625 
-071 
— 083 
—075 
-055 
-641 


Money Rates 

UnBeri States 
Discount rate 
Prime rate 
Federal funds rate 


Eurobond Yields 


Feb. 21 Feb. 14 
580 580 


Mi 

5ft 


8Wr 

5ft 


M.B hkUVrtte Tr W. 


Weekly Sales 

Primary Mortar 


FA 71 


1983434 1872280 + 147 

433680 434180 - 0.10 


Nikkei 225 
Britain 

PfsTioo 

Canada 
TSEMUS. 

France 
CAC4D 
Germany 
□AX 

Hang Kang 
Hang 11*085 111U2JS +233 

o, ■-» 

wono 


422640 421-00 +0 30 

156284 162782' -—246 
218489 1248.16 —177 


COB money 
3-morati Merbank 

Britain 

Book Ode rate 
Cott money 
3-aranffi iatettenK 

Franco _ 
interveitttanrate 

CoBnonvr 
3-aranNt Hertxmk 


Cafl money 
3-moatti Interbank 


050 030 

046 fl-M 

056 036 

680 680 

6ft 680 

6f* 6ft * 

3-10 370 

3ft> 3V. 

3ft 3ft 

430 430 

US 115 

130 116 


UiS* long term 

U-S.lmdmsenn 

ys.S,saonterni 

Pounds sterf&m 

FnndiBwta 

nosanara 

Daniil? kroner 
Svradbh kronor 
ECUs, tang tens 
ECUs, rafltn term 
Coils 
S 
.s 


taUlb« 

tel 


667 6.70 
6.15 670 
686 689 
789 7.19 
487 487 
784 781 
537 SM 

f-S 

579 5.90 
480 478 
573 581 
7.19 770 
780 78! 
7.70 IT! 


6.79 683 
683 6.10 
6.13 681 
782 789 
488 486 
734 6.98 
372 539 

5.19 482 

6.19 579 
584 476 
688 570 
731 7.11 
785 7.19 
is* 17a 


Soww Luxembourg jbx* aebonge. 

Ubor Rates 


Qmwb> 

S Nwt S NMS 

Straights 2128 5038 9288 1269.1 

wiwwr. — — — 2241 

™«S SUL4 5098 18400 3188 

ECP 116968 7.9013 158418 128498 
Total 14*198 49147 17809,4 168418 

SMuMory Mamet 

CaMBk eamtear 

S MnS S N«* 

Stiagtas203308 22,9015 76.9887 33379.9 
Cemwt 1,1283 7373 10913 18828 

SB 5 S.9WUJ *14512.9 MT58 

ECP 158641 118918 215998 29371.1 
Tteal 500383 4336031502947 71.1488 
Source; Eumdear. Cede! Bank. 




SSS Feb.zi Feb. 14% Ch'ae 

Lm/an jun. 25330 34240 +110 
WMWtoder ftwn Atargn Stoner Cap** inn PasnectlvB. 


V-S- S . 5ft 59k 

Dwteetemarii 31ft 36ft 

Paunasteritag 6V B 
*W=as: Ltoytfr BmK Barters. 


6ft. Yen 


l-moofn Mi 

3V« 

4ftl 


3Vft 

ftt 








































v -k i j's ♦'.•i'll* ii> viTWi m V+tTSi . ■ • V'/T i r,’ V v V -’i'li » 


PAGE 2 

p\geTT 


.FEBMUmr 91, 


PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, M0NDAX FEBK[IARY 24, 1997 


The Fearless Average Investor 


WaB Street insiders and Federal Reserve chairmen may worry that stock prices 
have risen too high and are headed for a fall, but not ordinary investors, accorcfing 
to a survey by Peter D. Hart Research Associates for the National Association of 

Securities Deal era. 

The telephone survey of 1,009 people who own shares of stocks or stock mutual 
funds found them confident that prices would keep rising both In foe short and long 
term. Most say a sharp drop in foe stock market would leave them unfazed, with far 
more heating such a drop as a buying opportunity than as a signal to seB. 
Unsurprisingly, simflar sentiments also prevailed among a separate group of 252 
people surveyed who said they expect to begin investing in stocks or stock mutual . 
funds in foe coming year. 


PATRICK J. LYONS 


WJLUSH0H STOCKS 




What do you expect stock prices 
to do in the next... 


12 

months? 


-INCREASE 

STRONGLY 


j rw2 

1*‘jy 

*/.. ;> INCREASE 

58 >.wV — MODERATELY — 



STAY THE f % 

■SAME 1 i:4_ 

DECUNE 

-MODERATELY-| l Ui e 
DECUNE LJaB 6 

LY 2 

NOT SURE - 


LOOKING FORQROWTR ;y: ; V 

In selecting investments, which 
is more important? 


POTENTIAL- 
GROWTH 
IN VALUE 



REGULAR 
. DIVIDEND 
INCOME 


GROWTH AND INCOME ARE 
EQUALLY IMPORTANT 


• *-y 


If stock prices fail significantly in 
the next year, what wttiyoudo? 


BUY SHARE! 
TO TAKE 
ADVANTAGE, 
OF LOWER, 
P " CES 



SHARES 
TO AVOID 
FURTHER 
LOSSES 


MAKE NO MAJOR CHANGES 


If stock prices tell significantly In 
the next year, would that affect 
the likelihood of your investing in 
stocks in the future? 


MORE UKEL 
70 INVEST 



UKELY 

INVEST 


WOULD NOT AFFECT DECISION 


Based on telephone surveys conducted 
Jan. 1 1-18, 1997. Respondents who <Sd 
not answer or were not sure are included 
in pie-chart totals but not labeled 
separately. Figures may not add to 100 
percent because o! roundkig. 


Of Gold Bugs, Refuge and Risk 


SHORT COVER 


By Marcia Vickers ■■ 

New YoHtTunts Service 


Hilling 

peetaiii 


The New Yodc Ta 


NEW YORK — The Dow 
Jones industrial average, may be 
; with 7,000, but don’t ex- 
t investors to be impressed, 
of them are much more 
enchanted by that traditional bed- 
rock of investments: gold. And 
not Just gold stocks or shares in 
gold mutual funds, but the real, 
solid, heavy, yellow stuff. 

Take Robert Hague, 71, a re- 
tired investment banket- who 
lives in Upper Montclair, New 
Jersey . He keeps 90 percent of his 
portfolio in gold — bullion, 
coins, mutual funds and individu- 
al equities- He started buying 
gold 30 years ago, and his reason 
for doing so — fiscal conser- 
vatism — is a common one 
among gold bugs. 

‘Tvefeltfarmany, many years 
that we're going to . have to use 

gr>lri tn st raighten nur raw financial 

system,” be said. ‘‘The reason the 
econo my and the market look so 
good is because of excessive cred- 
it and debt It’s all false appear- 
ances. I think there will crane a 
time when gold is recognized as 
the ultimate money.” 

Others seem to agree. While 
recent gold sales are dwarfed by, 
say, foe 262. million ounces of 
net purchases in the inflationary 
days of 1974, buying has been on 
a modest rise. The 22 million 
ounces in net sales last year, for 
instance, were up from 1 5 mil- 
lion in 1995, according to CPM 
Group, a New York commodities 
consultancy. 


Bears of an overvalued stock 
market and the large UJS. debt are 
two reasons for the recent buying, 
said Richard Scott-Ram, an econ- 
omist at the World Gold Council, 
die industry’s trade association. 
Another may be low prices- 


Gold has been relatively cheap in 
ftb. tl an. 


recent years, fold on 

ounce sold for $341 .90. its lowest 
price since the first quarter of 

1 ATYT A- RJ J... U 1 ■ _ T 


said John Maltese, president of 
the American Association of In- 
dividual Investors in Chicago. 

Others question gold’s tradi- 
tional strength as a haven during 
crisis or tiroes of high inflation. 
While gold often zoomed in 
value during war, for instance, it 


«ui uui jvw -7 e 

binge, plan to increase their payrolls again 
months egporzt the same tune lastyear. .. 



Jordan Eases Investment Rules 


did- not do so during the Gulf 
tile inflation has 


'1993. On Friday, it closed inLon- 
53.30 an ounce, up 23 


don at S353 
percent on the day. 

Investors have been drawn to 
gold for centuries, arid tear god 


INVESTING 


has always been safety: diver- 
sifying their portfolios, securing 
a haven fra tough times and gain- 
ing a hedge against inflation. 

“Gold is the rally investment 
that holds its own,” said Pat Gor- 
man, host in Tucson, Arizona, of 
a radio show about the metaL "In 

the 1930s, you could have taken a 
$20 gold piece or a one-ounce 
gold coin and bought a fine men’s 
suit. Today you can take that 
same coin mid purchase that same 
suit of clothes.” 

Most investment experts are 
skeptical of gold. They .acknow- 
ledge that it has sometimes 
served its historical purposes,- but 
they generally warn investors to 
put only a small portion of then- 
assets in iL Rather tha n enhan- 
cing safety, they say, too much 
gold can increase risk. 

‘‘Having ahefly portion of gold 
stocks would basically mean you 
have a concentrated sector {day,” 


War. And while 
been low receody, “gold pices 
haven’t even kept up with it.” 
said John Davis, afinancialplan- 
ner in Elmhurst, Illinois. 

Experts raise other warnings 
about gold — like average annual 
returns of just 46-hundredths of 1 
percent from 1991 to 1996. 

White gold may notexcel when 
inflation is nxxfest, its inflation- 
fighting powers crane to the fore 
when price increases step up. said 
Jeffrey Christian, managing di- 
rector of CPM Group. “When 
inflation is over 7 percent in foe 
U-S., gold does well,” he said. 

For many gold bugs, though, 
the debate Is beside the point 
They say that when tire' crouds 
gather those who bold gold win 
be glad. Consider Raymond Igou 
Jr., 63, an orthopedic surgeon 
with a practice in Stoneham, 
Massachusetts. He keeps 25 per- 
cent ofhis portfolio in gold coins, 
with the remainder m stocks, 
bonds and some partnerships. 

Behind his gold 
looms a keen fear of disaster, 
not just of a drop in the market. *T 
live on the ocean, so I made a list 
of all the things I would need in 
case of a big flood that washes 
away everything,’ ' he said. “One 
of them is gold?’ 


foreigners, officials said Sunday. 

«vnc -annrmff 


TS^which «s' appnwed in a cabinet meeting on 
Saturday, will mostly benefit small-' 


($141 000) The ruling also eliminates a -1, 000-dinar mm- 
immn^re purchase required of any tm Mm m investor 
who wants to enter the Amman financial market. 


Exxon Signs $1.2 Billion Qatar Deal 

— — _ ' v revl Qnnrlev u;Alll/f 


if\ 


DOHA, QaS(B\oomberg) — Qatar said Sunday it would 
sign an agreementwitit Exxon Corp. to build a$1^2biib(^gas- 
to-liquid conversion plant to produce syntheue raude oiL 


Llbiuu ULOIH iflLVMvww —J — - — - — . 

The project wiU use 1 billion cubic ^ (30 ^wn cubic 
nm) 1 a £y of natural gas from Qatar’s giant North Field to 


meters) a aay oi natural g** -o y” <r " 

produce about 300.000 barrels of synthetic crude daily. 


Prudential Pays Fraud Settlement 

SACRAMENTO, California (AP)— Prudentifo Inaaara Co. 

. . ... ■ a a aiilliiw f<\ Pnhfnmin twiner 


of America has agreed to pay $15.4 million to Calif ornia, fo e last 
: wmr tile insurer over fraudulent sales practices. 


state to settle *»uu u*& in™- r '7ZZ"j « 

At. issue were claims that Prudential agents defrauded., 
policyholders, many of them ekterly, by persuading them to 
use the built-up cash value of older life insurance policies to * 
finance more expensive ones. 


For the Record 


•Israeli sank ami d concern oyer a government scan- 

dal; the Maof index dropped 3 percent, to 266.79. 

• General Electric Co. and British Aerospace PLC are 
to MiteriaHre on an alliance that could create tiBritidi 
defense company valued at £16 billion ($25.9 bUhonJ, the 
Sunday Times reported. Bloomberg. Return 



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GAINS; Seeking a Compromise, Democrats Reconsider Tax Cut 


Continued from Page 9 


ctatic colleagues would be willing to vote 
with him today. “But you’re now talking 
about positions along a spectrum, rather 
than saying, 'No way; this can never hap- 
pen,' ” Me. Liehennan said. 

Pan of the .reason that the Democrats 
in Congress appear more flexible is that 
President Clinton, who has never taken a 
strong ideological position on the issue, 
has marie clear that be is willing to use 
capital gains as a bargaining chip in the 
negotiations over tiro balanced-budget 
issue. 

Without any firm sense of where the 
Whitt House will draw a line, Demo- 
crats said mom of their colleagues were 


interested in staking out a middle-of-the- 
road position. 

Repnblicans say no budget deal is 
" " re- 


ahhougb it remains unclear what 
tradeoffs Republicans might be willing 

to renlre ...\_, 

The White House has been vague 
about how far it might go. .But, the 
administration has said, tiro $33 billion 
in capital-gains reductions foe Repub- 
lican^ leadoship wants over tee next five 
years would require spending cuts un- 
acceptable to Democrats. 

As an opening offerj the White House 
has proposed exempting from capital- 
gains taxes as much as $500,000 in 
profits from the sale of a home, a step 


that it estimates would cost $1.4 billion 
over five years. 

The arguments about the effects of 
cutting the tax have hardened over the 
years into articles of faith. Conservatives 
are adamant that a deep reduction would 
unshackle the nation’s e nt re p reneurial % 
strengths and maybe even pay for itself ft 
through increased growth. Liberals reel 
off statistics about how half of capita] - 
gains accrue to the wealthiest 1 percent 
of tiro population, malting the issue oner . 
of basic fairness, and of cost. ' 

Those ideological differences, as well 
as raw political calculation, kept the two * 
parties at loggerheads from the mid- ! 
1980s through foe end of President - 
George Bush's term. 


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Tuesday 


S T Y L E 


From Paris to Milan, from New York 
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With additional reporting • on 
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provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
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Every Tuesday in the International 
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THE WORLD’S DAHY NEWSfttPER 


A Clinton Budget Call 


B loomberg News 

WASHINGTON — Congress must miss a balanced- 
budget plan this year or face tiro possibility of higher 
borrowing costs in tiro United States, President Bill 
Clinton said in his weddy radio address. 

The U.S. economy is ‘‘growing, steady and strong,” 
Mr. CEntbn said. To maintain that, however, “we simply 
must finish the' job of balancing the budget, and we must 
do it this year. That is the only way to keep interest rates 
low, to Iraqi confidence high, to give businesses the 
ability to innovate for tomorrow.” * 

His remarks crane five days before the chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board, Alan Greenspan, delivers his 
semiannual testimony to tiro Senate Banking Committee. 




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ESTERNATIONALHERAIJ) TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 


CAREERS 


Long Hours, High Pay: Eastern Europe Beckons to Western Managers 


By Justin Keay 

Sf*vial H> lltr Hrmltj Tribune 

LONDON — Anyone under the il- 
lusion chat i hens is one labor market in 
posi-Communisi Europe need only look 
at the executive suite. J 

While recnmers agree there is an 
abundance of engineers and techni- 
cians and of educated people eaeer to 
get ahead, key management skills are 
scarce and they become scarcer die 
farther east one looks. 

Although ambitious local profession- 
als exist, ready to work long hours to 
climb the corporate ladder, they are a 
rare breed. 

This means opportunities abound for 
expatriate executives, who are paid 
handsomely. 

“There is a huge divide between ‘cat- 
egory one’ countries, like Hungary and 
the Czech Republic, which attracted 
Western companies early on, and cat- 
egories two and three, places like Ro- 
mania and Russia and the Common- 
wealth of Independent States,” said 
RichanJ Goode, managing partner in the 


emerging markets division ofKora/Ferry 
International, a recruitment agency. 

Mr. Goode said be believed that only 
category one has had any success cre- 
ating the sort of homegrown executive 
demanded by Western companies. This 
is thanks to the first wave of Western 
companies that, after the collapse of. 
Communism in i 989, set about creating 
indigenous Western-style managers. 

Others see the process as more com- 
plex. 

“The common view chat locals are 
increasingly taking over from expat- 
riates in this market is not necessarily 
correct,” said Peter Foigacs, Budapest 
manager forH. Neumann International, 
which places executives for companies 
as diverse as Coca-Cola Co., R. J. Reyn- 
olds Tobacco Co., BAT Industries PLC 
and Arthur Andersen & Co. across East- 
ern Europe and the former Soviet Uni- 
on. 

Mr. Forgoes said local executives had 
MBAs, were well-traveled and ap- 
peared to be hilly conversant with West- 
ern corporate culture, but still bad dif- 
ficulty adapting. 


“To be a career executive, you must 
have it in your system,” be said. “The 
trouble is that a 35-year-old Hungarian 
or Czech can only have bad, at best, 
seven years of corporate immersion. 

While recruiters agree 
there is an abundance of 
engineers and technicians, 
key manag f ip i fth t skills 
become scarcer the 
farther east one looks. 


An expat the same age will have had 
double that.” 

While certain skills that are common 
in the West are developing — mergers 
and acquisitions specialists are thick on 
die ground in Budapest, thanks to con- 
tinuing restructuring and privatization 
efforts — indigenous marketing and hu- 
man resources managers, as well as 
equity analysts, are few. 


Often companies and financial 
houses have to recruit expatriates', either 
by luring them from competitors, with 
often handsome salaries, or by bringing 
them in from company headquarters. 

Meanwhile, countries in categories 
two and three are a different world — 
one where expatriates still call the 
shots. 

Adrian de Vere Green, director of 
London-based Emerging Markets 
Search and Selection, which specializes 
in financial sector placement, said 
Ukraine, Romania and Croatia were 
seen as the new places where things 
were happening. Executives with key 
skills were commanding impressive 
packages, often to act as the corporate 
bridgehead. 

“These are tough jobs in hard 
places,” said Mr. Goode of Kom/Feny. 
“People need resilience and imagin- 
ation. together with an ability not to be 
overwhelmed by seemingly immense 
problems.” He added that many of the 
executive positions were “24-hour-a- 
day jobs” from which there was little 
respite. 


“Our appointments in this area are 
about half as successful as anywhere 
else.” Mr. Goode said, “and by suc- 
cessful, I mean someone happy in their 
job three years down the line. ’ ’ 

Homesickness is another concern. 
Recruitment agencies say executive 
burnout in East European countries is 
particularly high: Many often seek to 
move after only a year or two. This is 
particularly true ouaide capital cities, 
where fellow expatriates are few. dis- 
tractions limited and leisure facilities 
often quite basic. 

Such concerns affect not only the 
executive, but also his or her family. 

With multinationals like Nestle SA, 
Coca-Cola and Kraft Jacobs Su chard 
AG desperate to build up market share, 
regional relocation — both from the 
West to Eastern capital cities and from 
the Eastern cities to the provinces — is 
often just what employers want from 
Western executives. 

Employers are also prepared to pay 
for it. Relocating an executive can cost 
more than two or three times his or her 
actual salary — by the time children's 


schooling, a company car and Western- 
standard housing are factored in. 

Of all the destinations, however. Rus- 
sia appears to be in a class of its own. 
Quality accommodations are prohibit- 
ively expensive, and there are major 
concerns about safety — with extortion 
by organized crime a recurring concern. 
Road accident rates there are 20 times 
higher than in the United Kingdom. 

On the bright side, however. Western 
executives who can tolerate living out in 
the sticks, away from Moscow and St. 
Petersburg, command impressive sal- 
aries: S300.000 a year is not unusual. 
Indeed, with Russians notoriously re- 
luctant to move from their hometowns, 
the skills shortage outside the main cit- 
ies is such thar even Russian companies 
such as Menatep Bank and Gazprom ore 
paying executives in such areas West- 
ern-level salaries. 

“This is very much a seller’s market. 
Basically, we are all chasing the same 
guys." said Mr. Forgacs of H. Neumann 
International. “We woo and conn can- 
didates. only to lose them, in the home 
stretch, to a better offer.” 


INTERNATIONAL RECRUITMENT 


1 1 1 j i ! n i : n F.'.r, 1 !■:'!) I. . ' ! li ' ! Ul? Vi j *■: j/j j : , i ■! i ■; ^ M 


The organization is one of the leading International 
Management Consultants operating Wond-wlde, with a 
reputation for delivering bottom-line performance 
improvement with Clients from a variety of business sectors. 
With its distinctive and original application of Process Re- 
engineering consulting services, the organisation also has solid 
and detailed experience implementing World Class 
lanufacturine and advanced Supply Chaii 


to new diems in both the UK and Europe. Ongoing 
responsibility will be to manage the existing client base and 
identify new business opportunities, both internally and 
externally through referrals to associate and affiliate SBlrs. 


Manufacturing and advanced Supply Chain Management 
techniques in complex environments. The Company is looking 
to continue its growth through the appointment of a 
Consulting Business Development Director. 

Reporting directly to the Managing Director, the prime 
function of the role will be to sell the company and its services 


Candidates must have a first class academic background, ideally 
with an MBA. You must also have blue chip experience, to 
include at least four years in a recognised consulting 
environment, with dear demonstrable success in generating 
consulting revenues from both new and existing diems. This 
role is seen as critical to the profitable success of the 
organisation. Preferred age -35 plus, based in the UK, with a 
substantial compensation package of six figures to reflect the 
reward for the sales and commercial success of the business. 


Applicants should write enclosing a fuB detailed Resume to include remuneration, quoting 
RefSK/172 to P.O. Box D-476 - /.HX, 63 Long Acre - London WC2E 9JH - UK. 








/ in, I \ / 


Pmfcwflonal Trade Pair Organiser seeks far its tatraational Director 




(If perfect in French) 

✓ a pood knowledge of German or Spanish would be a phis 
✓ working knowledge of WORD 6 and EXCEL 5 
/ availaNc immediately 





tk'iM' PlirTHy/f L\ 'I vSllS-S k.u mm i i V 1 


TTMK)RAR\ SI C R1 1 ARIAI POSTS 
IX AX IVlTRXAjjOXAI. ORGAXJS \T10X 


The Ureanlsattftn for Economic Co-operation and Development. (OECD], on 
tmrninUonai organisation bawd In Paris. Is seeking temporary bilingual, 
smvidrics. tiros* salary tor NlUhnc work FF tIAOO la 13.700 per month. 
Psui-tlrac positions also uvaflabte . 

✓ Kxwfiral fenmricdgr of Knglfsfi anti good bnufetige of FYench. 
✓High sperd accurate typtag {50 worda per nriitute] 
/ExprricwT wfib «ord proresfrtag sySems required 
Applications hum mnlr and female nationals of OECD member countries 
MustraHa. Ausi/ti. Brigfum. Canada. Cash Republic. Denmark. Finland, 
rrnnre. tirrmany. r.recre. Hungary. Iceland, Ireland. Italy. Japan. 
Luxembourg. Mexico. Netherlands, New Zealand. Norway. Poland, Portugal. 
Republic of Korea. Spain. Sweden, Swftwrianti. Turkey, (totted Kingdom, 
(tolled Stales] with currtrulum-vHoe. In: 

Homan Resource Management 
OECD 

2. rur AntirA Panes! 

75775 PARIS Coder 16 - France 
Kef: IWSEC FKB 97 

Onl\ Kfoirt-Usteil roneUdates mW receJw a response 


International Strategic Design Agency 
urgently seeks 


ENGLISH MOTHER TONGUE ASSISTANT 

(u ilh valid wtirktnu pain-rs': 


You will assist the President 
with his daily scheduling and travel plans. 

✓ Liaison with international clients and project coordination. 
✓ Fully proficient on Word5/Excel on Mac. 

✓ Fluent French 

✓ a minimum of 4 years working experience required. 

/ Background in marketing and/or communications a plus. 




Aflfe MAGNE - SHINING -26, jofl Bdnardf- 75074 Paris - Prance 


CLIFFORD CHANCE 

An international law firm in Paris 


ENGLISH MOTHER TONGUE SECRETARIES! 


✓ Fluent in tort written am# spoken french 


PVetar fend ytw letter & CVta: 
Celine Lucas, DRH flHT/SB) 
Clifford Chance 

112, avenue KiSwr, 75116 Paris - France. 


Executives Avauaae 


YOUNG TRADER. 3 years expateoct in 
cu mmuWiflS iraOcn. flwrt French, Er- 
gta*, Spare* seels new, doamSts 
prateateal t ctetenghg POttte jn rift 
btercss or trance. sateyraan I Fam 
or OK* Tri +33 


Genera! Positions Available 


BOWt TO SELL?? UjcHnp tar unfctfiw 
oppoamffiu and d** you few™ 
mm? Nm* mfcpMH. Sort fmA 


non? Nam angkpNM. «rt freaft 
Proven tract record in fieftni fBftfBjp 
courses an armmage. WM S*« you 
Us easiest product to sen - tfs up 
ID you to peffirnte us ftM you art» 
boa person tor fte jfr Wafep WW 
nwdSHwl pto* C.Y. Kjiwas 
soon * PTOBbto to W-Sl’ 
H AwVfottosrcTSItfiftofc. ' 


Emanate wring? Hgb earing* terf. 
M«d 

Sate wpeiwaa naceasy, tomWfle 

Fg mraafcM ewadattto, mri caifr 

i*m vtee ncb*e a awd pncftvapn 

THG -The Hotel Guide « . 

ABB. Nr. Hi 1 . SWte 
HMBUBsa 54, PoaBadi » 
oSjimn-SiAartond 
or taT+iMl 37S 09 « or 
mhA: ttattnWpitorii 


COtHRWtCATtDN AGENCY »**. 

iwWema * ndn » ff * 

(AsMFcndi tor conaAing podtepa* 


IF YOU’VE NEVER TADGHT BEFORE, 

but have had other substantial work experience, 
and are ready fora change, 
you might want to join our team of ex-bankers, 
ex-la wyeis, ex-psy chologists, ex-F.R. and 
marketing executives. 


now h.tppilv UMcliin- 1 ngli^h communication -.kill-- to 
1 ronch executive"!. 


Training provided on intellectually challenging 
method and material. Paris-based. Part-time. 
French woriangpapers required. 

SendGV.to ' 

Box D-476, W.T. 92523 Neuilh/ Codex - France 


Airline Account Manager 

Grimes Aarospacecontinuesto achieve technical exceflence as a 
recognized world leader in its design and manufacture of Bind 
control, avionics and vision products far the aerospace industry. 
Due to our continued expansion, we now seek an Airline Account 
Manager to be based in our Toulouse, France office. 

As the Ideai candidate for this extremely responsible position, you 
should be highly seif-motivated and require little direction. 
The primary focus of this position is fa provide sales and technical 
sup port to commercial aftermarket customers including European 
and Scandinavian airlines. You wfll be active in promoting products, 
enhancing customer satisfaction and growing all aspects of the 
1 business. Additionally, specific activities will involve sales 
forecasting, product improvement, data support, reliability 
analysis and quality control. Travel in the order of 50% 
is expected. 

Qualifications should Include an Aeronautical or Engineering 
_ degree or equivalent plus 5-8 years continuous experience 
& in aerospace sales/support with aircraft or engine OEM 
experience. PC skills and proposal preparation experience 
are essential. Language skills should be a perfect 
know ledge of French or English and a good command of 
the other. 

*5V: 

Competitive salary and benefits offered. 

Ror confidential consideration, please submit your 
'4'A - :r ., C.V.now to: Human Resources Dept, Grimes 
Aerospace Canpany, P.O. Box 247, Urbana, 
OH 43078 U.SJL Equal opportunity 
employer. 



We are a WphJy 

tiling senkas anoaof. Wa aa looWng 
rc enerienced t&ec&onri tiling prate- 


PUEtiJSHNG ASSISTANT REOUBBJ 
to be based to MONACO. Must be 
wyanssfl and able & deal artris, 
rtteograjAefS. museums and otters. 
StnBDoddiB^tog and cteoca) acMfies 
as nil Please respond satey 
mwovem (a Box 0238, LH.7. 
82521 ferity Cede*, Fanca 


Genera/ Positions Wanted 


stones or iBgWy mofwlad, ifa umori- 
sneed pereona to join our dradfanl 


Sinfftesm. NaHmedenced pvsuvri 
«■ be put to a test paced tfeM 
ding taMn oDurerc Antotaunbtah 
school adUEatbo a required. Mb offer 
effiBfcnt pw and mfiHee benstts. Ro- 
taBon aoAteiM wi be 

coasUmoL Jteese te inaNfcatians end 
cortsa iwnteis to BG&S857-5GGD 




WALL STREET M5WTEITE inganUy 
wetapMt^ma re cq o tiot tefcrtenvCT*- 
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aim pnanntatai. dynmfc, cadog. Ce- 
raer oppodiMta. Woteg papeis reed- 
a l mwcfctoJf. Sail itoou. CM. 

& lefef as boon as possfcte to; iae. do 
WALK AvaVkto Hugo 75110. Pais. 




Educational Pos/flbns AvaSabk 


EHGUSH TEACHERS 




jjm l _ ^ Eutelsat, the European Telecommunications 

^ Satellite Organization, which today transmits 
over 40 TV channels to Europe and is building 
« | up the Hot Bird system of TV satellites at 1 3 
i degrees East, is seeking applications for the 
y position of : 

EUROPEAN NETWORK 
DEVELOPMENT MANAGER 

Based at Eutel sal’s headquarters in Paris, he or she will be responsible for Eutelsat's relations 
with the satellite reception equipment industry, including manufacturers, distributors and installers of 
equipment, and also for relations with European cable operators. 

The European Network Development Manager will also be responsible for coordination with regional managers 
and agents working for Eutelsat in this field, as well as for seminars and exhibitions at trade level. 

The person Eutelsat requires will have excellent knowledge of and contacts with manufacturers of satellite reception 
equipment and European cable operators. His or her background experience should include in-depth technical 
understandng of satellite reception equipment and strong marketing skills. Addttiona! knowledge of network design 
for TV, telecoms or computer applications would be useful, as well as relevant experience within the VSAT industry. 

If you have a perfect command of English, speak good French and Spanish or Italian and would like the 
challenge of working in a truly international environment, please send a detailed application, quoting 
reference VN(97)01, to Eutelsat. Personnel Service, 70 rue Balard, 75502 Paris Cedex 15, France. 
Applications from nationals of a Eutelsat member Stale will be particularly welcome. 


EUTELSAT 


General Manager • Korea 

Overall Responsibility • Production Facility in Seoul 

We are a renowned equipment manufacturer with an international reputation as a reliable partner 
for the semiconductor industry. Our success is reflected in an annual turnover in excess of a few 
hundred m. US% and double-digit growth rates. This is the result not only of the high technical 
standard of our products and services, but also of our higly-quafified personnel at several locations 
(the focus in the Pacific rim). 

The potential candidate should be a manager with experience in Asia who has acquired indepth 
technical and business management expertise In manufacturing in Europe or the USA in manu- 
facturing. You are our 'Man in Seoul', assigned with the implementation of the guidelines for 
engineering, service, production and administration, in executing these tasks you will draw not 
only on your broad professional background, but also on your communication skills and familiarity 
with Asian mentalities (ideally: Korean) with persons and authorities. 

If you are interested in a job combining the above areas of responsibility, we would be happy to 
meet you. A human resources office has been entrusted with the first contact to you. Kihdly 
submit a'detailed resume to them citing ref.no. 700 B 7. 

Plant Personalberatung GmbH 

HAMBURGER ALLEE 2-10 • D-60486 FRANKFURT AM MAIN • GERMANY 


Ihr Partner fur Qualitat. Zertifiziert durch TUV-CERT nach DIN ISO 9002 



INTERNATIONAL 

SALES 

Leading US manufacturer ofhgb quality confectionery and bakery 
production equipment is seeking individual to work exclusively 
as an employee of our company far purposes of sofidtiqg and 
finalizing sales contracts for our equipment on the European 
continent.IndMdLHJ rmet be multi-lingual and speakfLuent Eqgfish. 
Must have minimum of 5 years experience in this field. Excellent 
salary and commission, pi us all expenses are offered. 

Phase send resume of past experience and compensation 
requirements ox LMC International 
893 Industrial Drive - Elmhurst, IL 60126 U5A y 


FindAJobFast! 

http://www.washingtonpost.com 



UNDP/World Bank Water 
and Sanitation Program 
Regional Group for Water and Sanitation 
in West & Central Africa 


I Communications Specialist I 


Duties and accountabilities 

UNDP/World Bank Water and Sanitation Program is active in capacity 
bidding, support to sustainable Investments, Learning and disseminaoor of 
lessons in urban sanitation and rural water supply for low income 
communities. The Program Is looking for a Communication Speciafat far 
its Regional Group based to Abfcfcn, Cite df voire, job factions are to 
develop and implement a regional communications strategy; oo provide 
support to Program's professional staff for preparation, publication and 
dissemination of relevant information materials; to assist 
networidneflnlionnation sharing with External Agencies and MG Os to the 
region relevant to the sector and to assist in development of 
mformaxionfcommunlcation capacities in national partner agencies and 
institutions 

Selection criteria 

The candidate should have a graduate degree in Mass Communication/ 
journalism or Similar Subject and relevant professional experience and 
demonstrated opacity in the use of Information technology for pubEcation 


demonstrated capacity in the use of Information technology for pubEcation 
and development of audio-visual media materials. The candidate should be 
fluent to spoken and written French and English. 

Please, send before March 31, 1997 a detafled Curriculum- Vitae and a list 
Of at least three persons who can be contacted for references to: 

TTm Manager, ftegjoncf Wattrand Sanitation Group 
The World Bank 
01 BP - 1850 Abidjan 01 
C4te dThroire 


IfcLeod PXL BotSOfSB, DUBAI, VLAS. 


ACADEMIC DIRECTOR - ENOW & 
organized wen proven managHtai skSs. 
ctraputer Dancy. TEFL cert&ate & 
TCft taseteg apmm Wft wan 
ft locking lor oppntirty to gpw. Nafera 
Engfah speaker, ftwt F«*h. Worttig 

papare needed. Send pWo, C.V. ft teasr 

as soon b pcssfae to: Afe, do W&L 
31 Ax WtSdt Hugo, 75116 Paris. 


WALL STREET mSTTTUTE SBDC5 
English teachsre tor fe tasHpwtoq 

Pate language sefenfe. Native BtgSsfi 
speaker, TEFL, smart presentation, 
dynamic, cartoft professional. Some 
osponance a ptas. Long term attract: 
guaranteed monthly salary. Working 
papers needsd. Sena photo; C.V. ft later 
as soon as paste la Jike, cto WAL 
21 Aw Victor Hugo. 75116. Paris. 


Employment Services 


WORK ABROAD ? 
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PAGES 
PAGED* 


.. mrBAi.n TRIBOWK S6TUBB43T-SUMtMfeffijraP*^ 


28? 



Top Malaysian Rider Aims Higher 


Intcmatiaml Herald Tribune 

PETALING JAYA. Malaysia — 
Nearly a decade ago, the way he tells it, 
Murugayan Kumaresan began to bum 
out as a bicycle racer. 

“I was the best there was m Malay- 
sia,” be said, “but the level is not that 
high here. I know that. I could win in 
sprints and climbs, whatever and 
whenever I p leased. 

“It was so easy that I lost all my 
motivation. Instead of progressing to a 
higher level, I stayed where I was: the 
best, but getting no better. Even when I 
remained at the same level and others 
rose that high, they never got beyond 
me." 

He was barely 21 years old then. 
Kumaresan is 30 now and, after his long 
stagnant period, has found the missing 
spark: At the end of March, he will 
become Malaysia's first professional 
racer. 

Once he has completed Le Tour de 
Langkawi. Asia's richest bicycle race, 
and cleaned up some personal matters, 
be will be going, with his wife and their 
two small -children, to Stuttgart to join 


Cycling/SM. moil Abv 


become a better rider. The last few 
years. I made no progress." 

In that time, too, his results have sot 
been overwhelming, he admitted. Al- 
though he finished 1 7th in the fifth 
Langkawi stage Sunday, he Tanks 104th 
of 127 riders. Intestinal troubles have 
reduced die field even before die big 
climbing stage Monday that is expected 
to eliminate many others. 

Acknowledging that be is not yet on 
form, Kumaresan expects to improve 
once he reaches Germany. He knows 
that country well, since he has trained 
with amateur clubs there for up to six 
months a year fir the past seven years. 
The Malaysian Cycling Federation 


track races. The Langkawi race, which 
began last year, is expected to stimulate 
interest in cycling through the Com- 
monwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur in 
September 1998 and beyond. 

Although Kumaresan expects that his 
time in Germany will pay dividends at 
those Commonwealth Games, he said 
he intended to focus this year on being a 


professional in Europe. 

"I know that I will never win a sprint 


against Cipolixni,” he said, referring to 
the star Italian sprinter. "So I will not 


concentrate on sprinting. But climbing, 
dial's more open. That’s what I wul 


has paid his way^for two reasons, ex- 


the Schauff team. As European teams 
:ond divisic 


go. it is deep in the second division, but 
to Kumaresan it is a chance to advance 
finally to a higher IeveL 

“A Hole late,” he admitted with a 
laugh during an interview as Le Tour de 
Langkawi neared the halfway point of 
its 12 daily stages. “I know it will be 
difficult at this age, but I have wanted to 
become a professional since Z was a 
youngster. 

“1 have my hopes. Not about winning 
races, though. What I really hope for is 
that finally, after all this time, I will 
advance to a higher level that I will 


plained Ahmad Zawawi, a banker who is 
also an official of the langkawi race and 
a follower of Malaysian cycling: “First, 
the federation wanted to keep him in top 
form because be represents the country 
at the international level in die Asian 
Games, the South East Asian Games and 
the Commonwealth Games. 

“Second, they wanted to keep him 
going as an example to younger riders. 
There are hundreds of young riders in the 
federation, and they know whatKimraies- 
an has done, which inspires them.” 

Kumaresan said he first represented 
his country in 1984, at age 17. 

“He has done quite well, too/' Za- 
wawi said. “He is just as good on the 


track, a sprinter, as on the road, 
tile oicyck 


While bicycle racing is not a major 
sprat in Malaysia, Zawawi continued, 
there are many races at the state IeveL 
and the country has two velodromes fra* 


work oa, my dirabing ability." 

Renale Holczer, toe coach of the 
Schauff team, confirmed Sunday that 
Kumaresan showed promise as a 
climber. 

“He goes well in the mountains,” 
Holczer said. “We have seen him for 
years in German races, and he is a nice 
rider. A nice fellow, too, it seems. We 
think be will fit in with our team.” 

Schauff, which Holczer said had been 
Gennany’s top amateur team for the last 
few years, turned professional itself this 
season. It has 13 riders and a program 
that includes such races as the Saxon 
Tour, the Bayern Tour, the Tour de 
Suisse Orientate and, “maybe, there is a 
chance,” the big-league Tour of 
Switzerland. 

Kumaresan said he was excited about 
the program, including toe chance to ride 
against the best in the sport. His idols? 
“GregLeMond,” he said, '‘because of 
fee difficulties he overcame. Also In- 
durain. for what he accomplished.” 

“In my own way, I would like to 
emulate than,'’ Malaysia's first pro- 
fessional rider said. 



taWaSdiriWA|atttam«MR 

BATTER UP! — The Los Angeles Dodgers* star pitcher, Hideo 
Noroo of Japan, warming up at the batting cage at spring training. 


Fat Old Men 
Of Summer- 




By Robert Lipsyte 

Hew fork Timet Service 


area 

sun- 


comforting sound. .JRrom their 
stroked day camps, the fat old mense 
marching bade inaj our daydreams. Dav- 
•id Wells (one bo^ te am toow 



In Robinson’s Shadow, Larry Doby Whs Also a Pioneer 


By Ira Berkow 

New York Times Service 


L ARRY DOBY remembers his 
first day in the major leagues, 50 
years ago when he broke toe color 
barrier in the American League. It was 
11 weeks after Jackie Robinson had 
played his first game for the Brooklyn 
Dodgers in the National League. 
Saturday, July 5, 1947, a sunny morn- 


ing in Chicago: Lou Boudreau, toe man- 
ager of toe Cleveland Indians, took toe 


22-year-old second baseman into toe 
visiting team 's locker room in Cocriskey 
Park and introduced him to the players. 

“Some of the players shook my 
hand,” Doby recalled, “but most of diem 
didn't. It was one of the most embar- 
rassing moments of my life.” 

When the 6-foot-l-mch, 185-pound 
newcomer, bora in South Carolina but 
raised in Paterson, New Jersey, stepped 
onto the field before the game, be stood 
on the sideline in Oeveland uniform 
No. 14, glove in hand, for what he 
recalled as five or ten minutes. “No one 
offered to play catch," he said. Then he 
heard Joe Gordon, the All-Star second 
baseman, call to him: “Hey, kid, let's 
go.” And they wanned up. 

Doby, a left-handed batter, was called 
in to pinch-hit in the seventh inning and 
after “hitting a scorching drive foul,” a 
wire-service reported, he struck oul 


But he was a big4eaguer, one who the 
following year would help die Tnrfiam 
win the pennant and the World Series. 
He became the first black player to hit a 
home run in a World Series, made six 
straight American League All-Star 
teams and, at one time or another over a 
13-year big-league career, led the 
American League in homers, runs bat- 
ted in, runs scored and slogging av- 
erage, as well as strike outs. When he 
retired in 1959, he had a .283 career 
average and 253 borne runs. 

As major league baseball and tire 
nation prepare homage to the breaking 
of the color barrier in the big leagues, 
virtually all of toe attention is centered 
on Jackie Robinson, which is under- 
. standable, since he was die first 

“And that's the way it should be/’ 
said Doby. “But Jade and I had very 
similar experiences. Andl wouJdn’i be 
human if I didn't want people to re- 
member my participation.” 

Doby went through much the same 
kind of discrimination and abuse that 
Robinson suffered — not being allowed 
to stay in the same hotels and eat in toe 
same restaurants as the white players, 
hearing the racial insults of fens and 
opposing bench jockeys, experiencing 
toe reprehension of some teammates. 

But while Doby will be honored at die 
All-Star Game — coincidentally in 
Cleveland on July 8 — he in some ways 


seems toe forgotten man. About Robin- 
son, Doby said:. “I had toe greatest 
respect for Jack. He was tough and 
smart and brave. I once told him, ‘If not 
for you, then probably not forme.’ ” 
Lou Brissie. who pitched for the Phil- 
adelphia A’s be ginning in 1947, re- 
called: “I was on the bench and heard 
some of my teammates shooting thing s 



at Larry, Kke, ‘Porter, cany toy bags/ or 
‘Shoeshme boy, shine my shoes/ and, 
well, toe N-word, too. It was terrible.” 

“I never sought sympathy or felt 
sorry for myself,” Doby said. “And a U 
dud stuff just made me try harder, made 
me more aggressive. Sometimes I'd get 
too aggressive, and swing too hard, and 
miss the pitch." 

But he cannot forget the sense of 
loneliness, particularly after games . 

“It’s then you'd really like to be with 
your teammates, win or lose, and go 
over the game,*' he said. “But I’d go off 
to my hotel in the black part of town, and 
they’d go off to their hotel.” 


just wanted to play basebalL I mean, I 
was young. I didn't quite- realize then 
what all this meant. 

“Mr. Veeck told me ‘No arguing 
with umpires, don't even tom around at 
a bad rail set the plate, and no dis- 
sertations with opposing playerc. either 
of those might start a race riot; no as- 
sociating wife female Caucasians' — 
not that I was going to. And he said 
rememberto act m a way that yon know 
people are watching you. And this was 
something that both Jade and I took 
seriously. We knew that if we dkb.*t 


seriously. 

succeed, i 


it might hinder opportunities 
for other Afro-Americans.'* 


&vd R. Groratflw Nn ttefc Tto™ 

Larry Doby 


D OBY is now 72, his hair 
sprinkled with gray. He is hus- 
kier than in the old photos of him 
breaking in with the Indians. He works 
for Major League Baseball cm the li- 
censing of fonner players. 

This father of five, grandfather of six 
and great-grandfather of three reflected 
on his years as a player recently in a 
sunny 29th-floor room at the Baseball 
Commissioner’s office in Manhattan. . 

When Bill Veeck, the Indians’ owner, 
signed him, Doby said, “he sat me 
down and told me some of toe do's and 
dou’ts. He said, ‘Lawrence’ -—he’s toe 
only person who called me Lawrence — 
‘you are going to bepartofhistory/ Pan 
of history? I had no notions about that. I 


Doby had been leading the Negro 
National League, with the Newark 
Eagles, in batting average, at .415, and 
home nms, with 14. when he was 
signed- He began at second, but was 
switched to the outfidd, wherebe would, 
be assured of starting. lihaCcustometi to 
playing there, in an early game in center 
field with bases loaded, he misjudged a 
fly ball and it hit him on toe head. It 
caused his team to lose. 

After the game. Bill McKechnie, an 
Indian coach who had befriended him, 
said: “We'U find out what irind of ball- 
player you are tomorrow.” Doby re- 
called that McKechnie smiled. “It was a 
challenge apd a kind of vote of con- 
fidence,” Doby said. “The next day I 
hit a home nm to win toe game/* 


What a gamer he is. willing to sac- 
rifice for us. And why does this seem so • 
much more endearing than the sobs of . 
Oksana Baiul, ateenager.who drank too ; 
much and drove off tbe ipad? 

Could this be some of what we love ■ 
about basebalL a springtime renaissance | 
brought to us by ntf old men who seem . 
to have some history, some weight to ; 
their lives? ^ ' ; ■ 

Wells, Cecil Fielder, George Stem- • 
bramer, Joe Tone, each skillful in his . 
way, a survivor, a long-running char- ■ 
acter in our sporting soap opera. Even ; 
for younger fans, these characters may • 
be easier to understand — even to 
identify with — than children who have 
put then lives on a shelf while practicing f 
amazing tricks. 

This viewpoint seemed particularly 
plausi ble after a 14-year-old became a 
national champion because a 16-year- , 
old got the yips. - 

When Micb^eKwan bad a pamc attack 
in Nashville, Tennessee, last week, leaving 
the ice open for 75-pound Tara Lipin ski to 
gHde and j ump in an alznost-penect turn, . 
U.S. figure skating had its youngest ebam- ■ 
picou The parade of tiny tots in spouts is 1 
growing, and with each new one toe con- 
cern over chM labor fades. 

There are still psychologists .who 
warn of the dangers, but the role models 
are powerful ones — Kwan before she 
was replaced; the so-called Magnificent 
Seven Olynqjic gymnasts; Martina Hin-' 
gjs, and, of course. Tiger Woods. 

And as the former New York Knicks* -T 
great Walt Frazier pointed out recently - 
to a group of predominantly black high ’ 
school athlete s, toe NBA tells kids to 
stay in school — unless they are 7 feet 
tall. Which brings us back to spring ' 
trainmg. 

It’s not as if baseball players begin as 
fet old men. You can be sure they have 
been playing for a while, seriously since - 
at least 12. Bob Feller and Mickey . 
Mantle began tfceir maj or league careers ■ 
as teenagers, and who is to say now dm 
their childhoods were not stunted by 
fathers who drove them to a perfection 
no one could ever reach. 

* Which brings m'ba& to NashvQte 1 - 
whentoeice cube was passed from a 16- 
year-old to a 14-year-old. Kwan, despite - 
intimations of mortality, may very well 
come back, and tiny Tara may tain out • 
early. One hopes that Oksana Band, at ’ 



\ -I-’ 


.V 


ka St 


* 



K" 

|r.:- 

b- 


£, 


if* 


=»~ 


- j 

’ * 6 ri*i 


19, will toy out before she’s washed^. 


IF they hang on long enough, there 
be a senior tour for skaters, because toe 
depth of real life is more interesting than * 
the axel grease of childhood- But it’s not ' 
as forgiving as basebalL SportsWorld is 
not yet a place for fet old women. 


t 


Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Stammnos 


ATLANTIC HVtStON 





W 

L 

Pet 

GB 



Miami 

41 

13 

759 

— 



New Yak 

39 

15 

J22 

2 

* 


Ortendo 

36 

25 

.510 

13Vi 



Wawtagtoii 

2 < 

n 

-453 

1616 

■ 


Nowjeney 

15 

38 

J83 

2SVt 



PNtodetohla 

14 

39 

JM 

26» 



Boston 

It 

43 

208 

29*6 



cetnrtAL DIVISION 



s 


CMcngo 

48 

6 

- 88 ? 




M 

Detroit 

39 

13 

J50 

8 


Atlanta 

35 

18 

-660 

12 'A 

•* 

Owrtqrte 

34 

21 

-61 B 

14W 


Amfi 

Clevetand 

39 

23 

S5t 

18 



Indkma 

25 

27 

481 

22 


8$ 

Afln 

Milwaukee 

25 

28 

472 

22 % 


Toronto 

19 

35 

-352 

» 


AlW 

VU1BMCM 

VMS 

ia 



vz 


wnwrarromsoN 





Utah 

w 

38 

L 

14 

Pet 

J31 

GB 


«S& 

tsz 

Haiann 

35 

19 

648 

4 

1 * 

WTrenaolo 

27 

27 

-500 



Donas 

17 

34 

J33 



Denver 

17 

38 

JO? 




San Antonio 

13 

39 

330 

25 


Vancouver 

U 

46 

.173 

29‘A 




PAOtoC DORSUM 





LA. Loft*!* 

38 

IS 

J17 



Seats* 

37 

15 

312 

% 


Portend 

* 

26 

627 



i? 

Sacramento 

34 

30 

644 

14% 


LA. CHOP®™ 

21 

29 

620 




Golden State 

20 

32 

385 

17% 


Phoewt 

20 

35 

364 

19 



mwfi 

■Bara 




10 1 « » 28— 82 
26 24 25 34— Ml 
es_- 5 into MU 17. Spimca 7-21 3-4 
17s Art; Guenotta 9-1660 la Garnett M24 h 5 
n, Garmtt 8-11 0-1 16.Rataanfe-Gc4den 
store 64 CSnVtti 17). Minnesota 4\ (Com* 
12). Autes— Golden State 16 (S premiH 4 , 
Mlmesdan (Martwyn. 

Nawta* 24 12 as 32-93 

SnAftoafe 35 23 23 24— 98 

M: Baker 8-18 IB-14 77, Robinson VI 7 5-5 
21; SAiHomraHM 7 4-424 Johnson 6-10 8 * 
8 20 . Ho ta w di MBwouKec 41 (Better 9), 
San Antonio 44 (WlUm, Peidue 8 ). 
Assista-MBwmrtw? 17 (Prary «. Son 
Antonio 26 (Johnson to). 

Otnland 28 23 11 24— 88 

WtdMtlK 2* 19 19 23—94 

G Sara 615 44 3AMKs 7-17 2-3 17; P: 
Cetatka 9-13 2-5 28. Johnron 6-11 6-10 20. 
PmHmk H Ocwctaitf 44 (Kffl I5J, Phoenix 
44 (CsboUos 11 ). Astats-Clevetatid 23 
(Perry «, Ptoenfc 23 (Ndd 9). 

NowVMt 17 1 « is 11—64 

Seaffle 19 29 16 24- 84 

(LY- Houdon 3-11 34 11. ChMi 4-12 0 -T 
Kfc S: Payton 8-16 1-2 17, Hawfttas 2-7 9-10 
14. fta bo i — H Mew York 56 (Ewing 91. 
Seattle 51 (Kemp 10). AssW»-New York 14 
(Johnson 4), Soane 19 (Payton 51. 
Vrai coav ra 19 36 25 21—91 

29 13 34 77—99 
V: Abdur-ftaMm 11-23 7-93(6 Aitowty 7-10 
1-119; LA; Carapace 10-10 34 23. Janes 6 
Wa Mwi d i i ftm co uver 34 (Abdar- 


Oitando 1 8 (Andeom S). 

30 20 30 34-114 
JT 19 32 20-110 
P: Woftooe 9-15 7-9 25, RoUnson 5-11 56 
18; Nt UmkI W744 29. Moumtog 5*7* 
17. Re ta ravH P o rtta i ri 50 (Watoc* 10), 
Miami 5« (Austin 14). AssWe-Porttand 21 

(Andaman 9). Miami Z1 (Karlaway 11). 

LA. Cappers 27 22 M 23-96 

ttariafft 26 21 41 26-114 

l_A4 WrtgM 8-14 OO l&Saaly 6-13 0-014, 
Vaught 6-15 2-2 1* C Wee 12-23 >2 29, 
Dhrac 8-10 66 22, Mason 8-13 6-7 
22-TUbOWdr-Ua Aflgetos 46 (WWW 113. 


174-421. Rotaarato— Poritand 37 (Woken. 
Stoorfv Andaman fl. PMtodelphta 60 
(Ccfefoon IS). An te s P o rtl and 10 
(Anderson fl, PtiBodelphta 3B(toenon 12). 
Ckortatto 30 26 31 16-91 

AIM* 24 It 73 24—92 

O Mason 9-11 7-11 2& Rtee 8-20 56 23; A: 
Loadner 9-13 67 24. Smflti 7-21 041 16. 
RstoMds-OtodaBe 45 (Mason 1®, ABanto 
52 (Laaflner 16). AnHtr — OwrtoW 21 


N.Y. Wanders 19 30 10 48 1S8 176 

NOtmtEAST nvwoN 

W L T PH CF GA 
31 19 10 
31 23 5 
2« a 8 
22 29 11 
20 36 13 
20 32 7 


Buffalo 

PSMxifrfi 



BaMra 11), Ua Angolas 49 (ConmhoH 12). 

Asstee— Vancouver 26 CMclen, Anthony 9). 

Los Angeles 29 (Joow, Van End 8). 

Oorner 19 30 32 26—36 

<Atoede 24 23 71 81— 99 

th LEtto W8 5-5 24, SMi 7-13 66 23s O: 
Hoidoway 7-12 7-13 22, Setaly 6-11 56 17. 
•UOsaods— Oa«*er54 (LEm lit, Ortanda 
46 (Grant 8). Antes— Oeaver 16 CSIRb C. 


Chariatto 54 (Mason 14). Antes— U» 
Angstos 23 (Madta S9. ChaiWto 29 (Booues 
O. 

Haastsa 21 23 17 13-74 

AOanto 39 U 38. 13-76 

H: Bander 7-20 6822. WBto 5-133613; A: 
Biaykxt 8-23 04) 77, Laoftoar 7-14 0-3 16 
■eh e iwU H o uston 62 (Otatovan 13), 
AManta 47 (Mutotnho 9). Aia tes- Uu oston 
14 (Bartdey 4), Aitonta 15 (Btaytodt 7). 

Now Jersey 20 is 19 30-84 

MMT 19 26 32 31-98 

ILLS JadnaaT-ll 8823, Going 6-149-10 
2L- a MB 9-14 1-2 19, Hauler 5-10 2-2 16 
tototto t Kcw Jemar 43 (Jackson fi, 
Dtornff 41 (HB 9). Auto— Ne w Jersey 16 
Uadcsoa 5), Detroit 27 (H8 13). 

19 30 19 34-7*3 
35 M If 31—99 
C Jontan 13-287-1236 Ptopea 9-1866 » 
W: Hawed 10-17 58 2&5Mddand 9-3058 21 
45 Otodrat 72). 
(Haword 1(0. 
Asdds— CMatgazi (Ptepen 7). Wnddng ta n 
160hkMond9). 


(Begues 7), Attonte 14 (Blaylodc 8). 

S 21 31 22 16—87 

34 37 29 30— TJB 
GA: SlOflh HO 36 1 9*aween 8-23 04) 1 to 
a Jaidon 13-19 34 34. Ptopaa 9-18 34 22. 
It eh o w 4 s SaMon State 52 {Smith 11). 
ddcsgo 62 (Rodam 12). AseMs-GaMea 
Stale 18 CSonwHt 71 CWcngo 32 (Hmp or, 
Kerr 7). 

Teraata 21 32 16 

Dados 29 19 15 

T-.Chddle 9-172-2 22 . Stocdmnke61436 
1ST (X EWlBeMc5-13 8-10 20, FUey 8-17 33 
g t fftk e mett -Toronto 42 (M 8 tor 8 ), Baton 
50 (Green 12 ). AnMs-Toratdo 25 
OtouJamtea Do*» 2 J (Rmms W. 



35 22 4 
28 19 12 
28 26 I 
27 29 4 
25 20 8 
23 36 2 


74 183 152 
68 186 140 
64 185 188 
58 171 184 
58 164 .160 
48 180 214 


Edmonton 

Vancouver 

Cafgoiy 

An Mo 
Lee Angeles 


W L T PM GF OA 
37 14 0 82 302 738 
64 192 178 
56 191 302 
55 162 178 
54 in 182 
50 163 206 
48 152 198 


29 26 6 
Z7 30 2 
24 30 7 
24 30 6 
21 33 8 
21 32 6 


N.Y.I 


HOCKEY 


NHL 


16 38 1 

27 10 19 21—97 
P: Andenan 8-21 2-2 2G Robinson 61 6 3-3 
16* Pic Coleman 10-17 7-9 28, Stockhouse 6 


ATLANTIC DIVBHM 
W 1. T P 

PNtattphfc 34 17 9 

New Jersey 29 18 12 

Ftorfda 28 19 14 

N.Y.tengaHL 28 25 9 

Wasrtngton 23 30 6 

Tampa Bey 22 29 7 




i 811-2 

Hantetd 3 2 3-7 

Fbrst P eded: H-Qtaw 1 (RanheMs Hoter) 2, 
H-Jfa0er 2 (Mandenfll&RanlWBil X H-fBee 
17<pitaaaol sealed Pertod: H-Prtmemi 18, 
6 anseis 17 (Enwoaa. ntostoy) Cpp). 6 

New Yolk, Gnbky 17 CLkbtec, Eadwaodl 
TW Prato* H-Westoy 4, (Dtoeen, 
CasseBs). 6 New Yorta Grows 22 (Mentor, 
NrancMnev) to H-, Koganea 7, SMs rat graft 
New York 12-1313-38. H- 17-67-32. 
Geo te New YOrtc, Mdden Heahr. H- 
Bedte. 

W.Y. ld oed ra-6 0 0 3-2 

* 2* 2 I $ 

PM pratotoU-Oowe 19 (Gnraoto De^torte) 
Cpp). 1 B-Hautoor 17 (Daw* Grasek) 
SeoMd Pntod: 8-May 2 (Peat) 6 B-, 
BoeghnerI(RKs,H*onOTBMPrat9itNew 
Yoik, GnrarlS CBranrd, Ptriffy) (pp). 6 New 
YWV. Lopohde 6 (LaOwnas BertuaO 7, B-, 
GaOeyX (sh-en). Shots eapoed: New Vorkll- 
14-71—36. 8-7-136-25. OadhK New York, 
Satov nehont SMou 8-ttattoL 
Catgery l e i-a 

MHP . 8 3 1-4 

FW Ported; C4gMa 18 (Covey) Kent 
ftoriotD-ZBbor9(CffltCQfwW,Moo5)3,^ 
Baraon 2 (Baden. Hague) 4, D Modena 25 
(MornbH*. Sydor) (pgl.TlM Pratoto O- 
KotveyS Odom. HatoM) 6 CGogner 20 
(Radnto igWb) (PfB- Steto Hietfc C- 136- 
9—37. 0- m-K fiwta; CJOdd, 
Retoeoa. D Mdog. 

OBtarade • T 2 1-4 

Elraintue • • 2 0 16-3 

Ftorr Porta* E-MCAnanoraJ 12 (Amrit, 
CwteowsW) Z E-Lowe 1 (BK hb otgon 
smyr) -Sensed Pratod: C40oa 8 (Lendeura 
W0M TIM Itortwd &Ftosbrag 73 (MBod. 
& &Badtb«ger 5 (IMgm Nawd 6 C- 
ScUc 16 (LeoriesA Kmuaky) (pp). 
0«raBBc7, C4Dod 9 (GusoiM6 SoUSboto 
eogoefcC- 10-17-156— 4B. E- 11-66G-29. 
rinterr C-Roy. E-Josrph. * • 


5 (Nle d ra mu yert (pp). A P-DeskmBns 8 
(Renberg, Lindras) 5> P-BrtorfAnwur 20, 
«d. THrd Period: PJovancwstf 6 (Strata. 
StoMi). O f te n. . 7. P-UmfeOB 20 
(Oes|ateB;Coffey)SbatsMgod:P-B-168- 
5—40. F- 76-70-7-1— 34. GopBes: P-5notr. F- 
VtaWedtwdo 

DeMT. , I.O.I •-* 

51 Laois .0 0 2 6-2 

test Portoto D-Hotaamn 5 OrawiaN) 
b None. TIM Pratod: D- 
LoriomwBCUdsbaii) (pp).3,sa_-CanfM 
22 (PotmvldcK Monwrao) to SJ--» Tlnj^oa 
19 (Kravchuk, Hu«) Cpp). Otei ltora Nana. 
Skew ee geotD-16^-6-2— 28. 5J-- 7-10-11- 

3- 30. OeoBrar P-Vternon. toLrFchr. 

MaWegtoe . I I M 

Hcstford 10 1-2 

PM Pratod; H-KopraNa 8 Otadra w n. 
Dktock) Second Pettod; None. TNH Pratod: 
H4Capooen 9 (Sanderson, Leechyshyn) 
W- 9-10-9—28. H- 9-4-8—21. 
WOwiy.H-Bwrta. 

- 1 • 6—1 

TanpoBay 7 I 1-3 

not Pertod: T-5 cDvramr 13 (Has Ulto 
Gratfon) (pp). 2 NJ/Guertt 20 

(Mtao r awyer, Rotona) Secoed p rato d. T- 
Gtadon 20 (ZanunK AndacBoa) TIM 
Prato* T-accraeB 24 (HouHra) den). SM 
an grad: N_L- 9-69-26 T- 611-6-25. 
C o terae NJ^Bndeab Dustaev T- 
TataRtoeL 

PM Prato* A-Sdanne 3S (RuccMv 
Kartya). Secoed Prato* Pltoeah, Gartner 26 
(Ktoto Roantog) X Mtoceh* 14 (XaHya, 
Setanrad to Phara*, Mensan 3 (Madvea 
Roanfrtg) (pp). TIM Prato* toGaoco 11 
CJoraphra Befctwt to A-Ksrt)a 28 (Setae* 
AMranov) <pp). Stab oa gooto Pfiorafe 615- 

4— 271 A- 5-7-79-31. Caghc Rtoenh- 
WrabtoeBrt A lle bW. 

3 8 2-5 


Ho Khan YtopIKhoTUng VI Slngapm6-2 63 
63 . 

Ttotran def.SMg^oraSO. 

■ W 8 H88M88IMM— T 

mbtssmqles, aUMrmMMjB 
Janas Btorfanait 031. Sweden, det Paul 
Haartuds (5). NeftratamU 63 6* Todd 
Woodfal d ge (8), AoslraBa,deLJeff Taranga 
U&6to 61; Todd Muffin «), US, del Braft 
Stoves, New Zoofand, 667-6 (7-3)r Mkhael 
Ctoig 0). US. del. Richey fenebefQ (7), U& 
7-6(7^64. 


Coatari iVerono 2 
Horenttaol. Juvertusl 
•ntomadonofe z Atafanta 0 
Napcd 1, Sampdaria 1 
Perugto 1, MOan 0 
AS Rama Z RiMtono 2 
Vlcena l, Piacenza 1 


neAmsaHombuivd 
Fortuno Ooessntoorf 2, B. Dortmund 0 
STPauiZ Antonio BWMdd 3 
Hansa RcatodctoWerder Bremen 1 


UnTliuit' 

fc . 


land Ui 


TbddWoodbfldge Oto Aorttota,det Jonas 
Bforianan 03). Sweden, 61. 74. Midnto 
Chwjm, Ui det Todd Marita <3t. US. 3to 
6464 

DOUBLtt.au ARTSVOMLS 
Rick Leach (TWJyjooataanSJnrtt, US det 
Byron Block 00, XlwPadwW Gi ant Conrwa 
Canada, 7-6 (9-7), 7-6 (7-4)2 QfeFMndra (4), 
Son* AMctoPtoffttatobraHh US deL Ma* 
Knawtos, Brttoma^DanH. Nertoo Grata, 
67 (67), 7-6 (7-5), 7-& JusHn Gtrotostob. 
USIB/tot Steven. New Zeatont det Jaoco 
ERn0hTMHaDrtKdtortottiKton^6X4-6 
6S Todd Wwd M d j nWtar fc WoodfcntAus- 
traBa dot Jkn Grabh to, us/RMtey 
Ranebetto US 66.64, 7-6(749. 


HactoestoAMco Madrid 2 



NACBrada Z Heeremwen 2 
Rada JC Keffawfe Z Wffiem U TlUrara 1 
PSV Eindhoven 2. AZ Alkmaarl 
GtoataJwp DceMDdxm 1, T mane Bo- 
schede 2 

■TAMuraiUOt PSV Ondl wv en Si; Feyeno- 
afd^toTWanto Enm4wd«46; VBmw Anton 
36Ro«iJCKartirade36A)axAmstonlam33, 
GroaftKAap Doodnchem 33: Heerenveea 31; 
NAC Breda 2» Vfflem 11 TMtug 26 Utreas 
26 ttotendam 2Z> Rortono STflanl 22; Spala 
Rotterdam 21; Groningen 19, AZ AJkraaor 1* 
RKC WaalwRk lto NEC Ntonagan 1 &. 

I IMA sm s 


GBs Pentoro (A, SJUHcaTPotrtc* Gal- 
tsaSR, US, del Todd WoodMdge (1)/Maff( 
iitoaatonta tatoto 76 (7-0, 6* Rick 
itattO), us/ Janata StartfrUSdaf.JMh 
GtoteteDtaUS/Bi«tStoveivNowZaatoDto7- 

6 (7-3,6^ £7-4), 61. 


Qwtoea 1. Montowtoer United 1 
Coveadyto EvwtanO 
UtontertoOWBy! 

Liverpool to Btocttum 0 
AUdtoasbroughQrNewasUel 
Nattnohom Forest 0, Aston VBto o 
Sotohompton % SAefftott MWheteBr » 
Sundertand to Leeds 1 


8 1" 8—1 


IM Prato* T Hen drt drra n 7 OQrpraoto 
Cxrig) X T«nte 38 («« Vtailnral to T- 
MaSer 18 (tew (Wnphy) Qffd. Seco n d 
Porto*. M-WBkle 5 rOaraphowne, 
Catenae) TbM Prato* T-Ctarfc 21 
(DoraO 6 Tv Ctak22 (Stofb Den* SMs on 
ggCfeT- M-966^3. Graftei: T- 

PtSrto. M-TheodorE. 

8 8 6-8 

2 IW 
Lvj.vcpflt 3 onypwtov, 
Nonrara* Modry 3 CTsypUnv. Boedrer) 
Seonto Prate* UtorOKaykl# (nyptotaw 
(CMsfich) (ppy.Ttad Prato* UL-Nonanen 
14 (Olayt ODonntoD (pp). Shots on peta v- 
67-6-M. LAr 1W-7-M. Gatotac V- 
fttsdLULristo. 


PatrKnda.C2echRepuhBc.de(.D1ckNar' 
mon. Bettor 63, 64; Marc Goefioer, Ger- 

many,deLMarttaD(nnn,CEe(JiRepubnc3- 
l,ieKra*TtaMoMmBdroto(«.deLFran- 
dNpaovetSptoiv 7-6 (7-4X64; Altaic Rato 

stt SwBsratand det mp'DewuK BeMua, 
6664,64 


DanfamBne to Aberdeen o 
Hearts iRrtoh 2 .. 
’teraunackX Dundee Unled 3 
AArahenroBtoCtoKcl 


GROUPS 

aman zero. ntsT round 

Hong Kong ft Scuff! Keren 2 


3. - 




Tim Hrarnniw BfflolR («], det. Mate Go6 

MeOeNM*6to6* Mac Reesefc Smttzme- 
tartotef. PtorKorta Czech RepcMfe, 7-6(7- 
2)63 

nw. 

Marc Rosiet Swffzerianit det Tim Hen- 

■m m, Britain, 62741 64. 


or nip i 

TJmhebawl, Angola 0 

GROUPS 

Senegal a Morocco o 

Etotaplal.Egypri 

GROUPS 

Nomtoioi, Gabon l 


toteteM8BML£to saerwuu 
lw Mo|ofl OXOaoVtodoL BaDara Patous 

VkAwMto76C'-4to64) Jan Navtona OX 

Cndi RspoMfc. de£ Mo^datogp Matocvo, 
Btognita, 6a 7-5 

RUL 

•"i I'MoS 0), Crocnfa. det Jana Novotn ‘ 
CD. CWtt RcpoHc,6to 7-6 (7-«), 64. 


MautUusO, Zambia a 
CbtaatoFMaMl. 


TENNIS 


CMcoge .12 2-6. 

PtttenW ' * J M 

9M Prato* C-Stanted (M uro a to Omtf 
Second Prato* GAnmde 33 (Dtoton 
ZhaoMW) to- fMjtmieHc 42 (HekBta 
Johnson); < fS Lentaoc 4 toJtetovBey. 
HadvraO GufttoOMcroanT C Oi to too Onrn) 
TbM Pete* oaten 9 Outteo Prabrafi 7. 
C-$bong 7 (Cheios) ( eu l. te e t i rai'fcefc C- 
M-Wa-RL P- 70486-86 P oa B ra ; C- 
HadatotP-Wmggit 

PTHaJitohle | -a • 1-4 

Ptertto - l .1 l o-o 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1997 


SPORTS 



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Tlh' Associated Press 

Tyronn Lue frustrated No. 
7 Iowa State with his quick- 
ness and clutch shooting, 
scoring 21 of his 30 points 
after halftime to lead Neb- 
raska past the Cyclones. 74- 
69, in overtime. 

Down by five points with a 
little more than a minute to 
play Saturday, visiting Neb- 
’^raskai 15-12. 6-8 Big 12) sent 
'the game into overtime on 

Coll e o c Basketball 

Bernard Gamer's 3-pointer 
with 24 seconds left, then 
scored on five of its six pos- 
sessions in the extra session. 

Nebraska broke a 12-game 
losing streak in conference road 
games dating back to last sea- 
son and handed Iowa State ( 18- 
6. 9-5) its second straight loss. 

Dedrie Willoughby led 
(owu State with 22 points, but 
the Cyclones' last hope ended 
when be dribbled the ball off 
his foot and out of bounds 
with 18 seconds remaining. 

No-1 Kara»7B,Kans«sSt 

58 Kansas, which will soon 
graduate the nucleus of the 
f team that has been ranked No. 
1 for 1 1 weeks, extended its 
home winning streak to 44 
and beat its arch rival for the 
10th consecutive time. 


The Jayhawks (27-1, 13- 
I), who already bad clinched 
the first Big 12 regular-sea- 
son title, trailed 3 1 -30 at half- 
time against the Wildcats (9- 
15, 2-12). A junior, Raef La- 
Frentz, had the first 10 points 
in a 24-4 run that gave Kansas 
a 61-42 lead with 7:06 left. 

No. 2 Ifioneaota 67, No. 23 
Illinois 66 The Gophers 
avenged their only Big Ten 
loss of the season and 
clinched a tie for the league 
title with a hard-fought vic- 
tory over No. 23 Illinois. 

John Thomas, a senior cen- 
ter who had been shooting 
only. 59 percent from die line, 
this season, was fouled by 
Chris Gandy with 4.7 second 
left and sank both shots for 
host Minnesota (24-2. 13-1). 

Mo. 3 Kentucky 82, Vandov 

bat 7* Not even a 31-point 
comeback three years ago ax 
LSU impressed Kentucky 
coach Rick Pitrno as much as 
the No. 3 Wildcats' rally from ■ 
a 22-point deficit to beat Van- 
derbilt. 

Kentucky (26-3. 12-2 

Southeastern Conference) 
twice fell behind by 22 points 
in the first half, but pulled 
within 10 at halftime on 
Wayne Turner’s 3-pointer at 
the buzzer. 

The Wildcats then rode a 


17-point burst over eight and 
a half minutes by Ron Mer- 
cer, who finished with 23 
points, to overtake the Com- 
modores (17-9. 8-6). Ken- 
tucky shot 60 percent in the 
second half. 

No. 4 Wall* FUmt SB, Vir- 
ginia so Tim Duncan had 21 
points, 23 rebounds and 3 
blocks to become the ACC's 
career shot-blocking leader as 
the No. 4 Demon Deacons 
ended a two-game losing streak 
with a 66-60 road victory. 

Wake Forest (21-4, 10-4 
Atlantic Coast Conference) 
won despite two turnovers by 
Tony Rutland that gave die 
Cavaliers a chance in the final 
minute. Rutland atoned by 
sinking two free throws with . 
15 seconds left. 

No. 5 Utah 56 , TUh 54 

Tulsa did almost everything it 
wanted to against No. 5 Utah 
— - except make the last shot 

Andre Miller’s jumper 
with four-tenths of a second 
remaining sent the visiting 
Utes to a 56-54 victory over 
the Golden Hurricane. 

No. lO Now Mexico 89, 
Hawaii as New Mexico’s 
homecouT winning streak 
was in jeopardy and the 
Lobos’ solid season was tak- 
ing on a little more taraish. It 
was time for senior guard 


Jordan and Bulls Trample Golden State 


Tilt' Associated Press 

Michael Jordan scored 34 points in 31 
minutes, leading the Chicago Bulls to 
their most decisive victory of the season, 
120-87. over the Golden State Warriors. 

Scotrie Pippen added 22 points Sat- 
urday night as the defending NBA cham- 

H BA Rophpup 

pions improved to 25-1 at the United 
Center and 48-6 overall. Chicago has 
won 1 8 in a row at home and six straight 
overall. 

Dennis Rodman grabbed 12 re- 
bounds despite being called for two 
offensive fouls, a loose-ball foul, a 
double foul (with Andrew DeClercq) 
and u technical in a 1 :52 span of the third 
quarter. 

Right after Rodman ’sfbul-a-thon, the 
Bulls put the game away with a 1 3-4 run 
that included five points by Pippen and 
four each by Jordan and Toni Kukoc. 

Hornets S 3 , Hawks 92 Tony Smith 
made a layup with 15 seconds remain- 
ing and Charlotte tipped away Atlanta's 
last chance as the visiting Hornets de- 
feated the Hawks. 

Anthony Mason led Charlotte with 25 
points and 12 rebounds. Glen Rice ad- 
ded 23 points and Vlade Divac had IT 
points and 10 rebounds in the Hornets’ 
fourth straight victory. Christian 
Lueilner had 24 points and a season- 
high 16 rebounds for die Hawks, who 
dropped to 22-3 at home this season. 

76«m 97, Trail B taxers 80 Demck 
Coleman scored 28 points and added 15 
rebounds, leading Philadelphia at home 
past Portland. 

It was the second straight double- 
double for Cbleman, who has 49 points 
and 35 rebounds in his last two games. 

Jerry Stackhouse had 2 1 points, Allen 
Iverson added 18 paints and 12 assists 
and Clarence Weatherspoon registered 
his 15th double-double with 14 points 
and 14 rebounds for Philadelphia. 
Kenny Anderson led the Trail Blazers 
with 20 points. 

Raptors 99 , MmarieJoa 92 Walt Wil- 
liams scored 14 points and led a late 
surge as Toronto beat host Dallas. 

Shawn Bradley, who had 19 points 
and 10 rebounds, pulled Dallas within 
79-78 with 5:55 left. But Williams re- 
sponded with nine points as Toronto 
took a 90-81 lead with 3:12 remaining. 
Dallas, paced by 20 points each from 
Michael Finley and Sasha Danilovic, 
got no closer than seven points the rest 
of the way.- 

Doug Christie scored 22 for Toronto, 


18 in the first half. Damon Stoudamire 
added 15 points and Marcus Camby 14 
for the Raptors. 

■ Mourning Is Injured 

The Miami Heat center Alonzo 
Mourning may be sidelined for six 
weeks with a foot injury suffered Friday 
night against the Portland Trail Blazers. 
The preliminary diagnosis was a to m 


plantar fascia — a tendon under his right 
arch. 

Mourning suffered the same injury to 
his left foot while at Georgetown Uni- 
versity, and that time be was sidelined 
for six weeks. 

Mourning leads the Heat in rebound- 
ingand is second in scoring. 

The Heal lost Friday, 114-110, end- 
ing their 11-game winning streak. 




• * 





Lindros Lifts Flyers Over Panthers 


■- • 


i fx. . , _ m Km!h fyntode/Thf Smedtinl !V*» 

‘^.Inicogo s 1 ony A monte flipping the puck over the Penguins' goalie, Ken Wregget, as Greg Johnson looks on. 

! Nebraska Stuns Iowa State in OT 


Charles Smith to step up and 
deliver a message. 

With the No. 10 Lobos 
trailing visiting Hawaii, 37- 
31, Smith gathered die other 
Lobo starters around him and 
delivered a pep talk just be- 
fore the second half started. 
Smith took his own words to 
heart scoring a career-high 
37 points and teaming up with 
sophomore center Kenny 
Thomas to lead New Mexico 
to victory. 

No. 11 Cincinnati 83, Do. 
Paul 54 D’Juan Baker scored 
a career-high 19 points as No. 
1 1 Cincinnati got 45 points 
from its reserves and rolled to 
victory over host DePanl. 

The Bearcats (22-5, 10-1) 
won for the eighth time innine 
games. Danny Fortson added 
18 points. Rubai Patterson 17 
ana Darnell Burton 16. 

loom 69, Ohio st 56 Ryan 
Bowen scored 17 points and 
Andre Woolridge had 15 
while Iowa’s defense held 
Ohio State’s top two scorers 
to a combined roar points. 

The triumph marked the 
first time in 221 meetings dat- 
ing to 1915 that Iowa had 
beaten Ohio Stare seven 
straight times. Damon 
Stringer, Ohio State's leading 
scorer at 1521 points a game, 
went scoreless. 


The Associated Press 

Erie Lindros set up two goals and 
scored the game-winner with less than a 
minute left in overtime to lift the Phil- 
adelphia Flyers to a 4-3 victory over the 
Florida Panthers in Miami. 

The Flyers extended their first-place 
lead in the Atlantic Division over Flor- 
ida and New Jersey to seven points. The 
Panthers had their longest winless 
streak of the season extended to five. 

The Flyers dominated the overtime 
period Saturday night before - ; finally 
cashing in when Lindros deflected a 
shot by Eric Desjardins past John Van- 
biesbrouck for his 20th goal. The Fly- 
ers’ goal tender. Garth Snow, had 31 
saves to extend his undefeated streak to 
13 games (8-0-5). 

In his first game back since mid- 
January, a Panthers' defenseman, Ed 
Jovanovski, scored twice, including the 
tying goal 15 seconds into the third 
period to force overtime. 

Btecfchawka 5, Penguins 2 Chicago's 
goal tender. Jeff Hackett, kept every 
Pittsburgh player except Mario 
Lemieux from scoring and the Black- 
hawks continued to excel on the road, 
beating the Penguins. 

Lemieux scored his 42d and 43d 
goals of the season, both in the second 
period, to move past the former Black- 
hawks' star Stan Mikita into sixth place 
on the NHL career list with 1 ,468 points. 
But the Fbnguins generated almost no 
other offense while being outshot, 40- 
26. 

Hackett stopped 24 shots as Pitts- 
burgh badly missed Jaromir Jagr, the 
NHL's scoring leader, who sat out his 
second game in a row with a groin 
injury. 

Lightning 3, Devfls 1 New 'Jersey's 
team-record 2 3 -game unbeaten streak 
came to an end as Chris Gratton had a 
goal and an assist to lead Tampa Bay to 


victory at home. The Devils were 6-0-7 
in 13 games before Saturday's loss. The 
loss also ended goalie Martin Brodeur's 
14-game undefeated stretch. 

Might y Ducks 4, Coyotes 2 Joe SaCCO 
scored the go-ahead goal early in the 
third period and Paul Kariya and Teemu 
Selanne each had a goal and two assists 
as Anaheim beat visiting Phoenix. 

Steve Rucchin added a goal and an 
assist for the Ducks, who beat the Coy- 

WHL ROUHPUP 

otes for die first time this season after 
three losses. 

Mike Gartner extended his goal-scor- 
ing streak to three games with his 26ih 
and Dave Manson ended a 20-game 
goal-scoring drought, helping the 
Coyotes rally rwice to tie the game. 


Red Wings 2, Blues 2 Jim Campbell 
and Pierre Turgeon scored in the final 10 
minutes as SL Louis rallied to tie De- 
troit. Tomas Holstrom and Igor Lari- 
onov scored for Detroit. 

Whalers 2 , Capitals 0 Sami Kapanen 
scored the game's only goals ana Sean 
Burke matte 28 saves as Hartford de- 
feated visiting Washington. Kapanen 
scored at 8:37 into the game on a re- 
bound of Geoff Sanderson's shot. He 
made it 2-0 at 4:47 in the third period. 

Mepto Leafs 5, Canadians 1 In 

Montreal. Darby Hendrickson, Mats 
Sun din and Kirk Muller scored first- 
period goals as Toronto beat the Ca- 
nadians. Wendel Clark scored his 2 1st 
and 22d goals of the season in the third 
period to clinch it for the Maple Leafs. 

Kings 4, Canucks o Stephan e Fiset 
recorded his first shutout since October 
and Vladimir Tsyplakov set up the 
Kings’ first three goals, leading Los 
Angeles over visiting Vancouver. 

Ed Olczyk and Kai Nurminen had 
power-play goals and defensemen Jan 


Vopat and Jaroslav Modry also scored 
for the Kings, who have won consec- 
utive games for the first time in six 
weeks following a seven-game winless 
streak. 

■ ‘Not Guilty''* Plea in Sex Scandal 

A second man accused of being in- 
volved in the sexual abuse of teenage 
hockey fans at Maple Leaf Gardens has 
pleaded not guilty to 1 1 charges during a 
bail hearing. 

John Paul Roby, 54, who was a pan- 
time usher at the arena for 25 years, was 
charged with six counts of indecent as- 
sault and five counts of gross indecency 
in connection with alleged sexual as- 
saults on teenage boys at the arena. 

“First of all. he denies the allegations 
that have been made against him.” his 
lawyer, Leslie Pringle, said. “We’d ask 
everybody to remember that they are 
simply allegations. He is presumed in- 
nocent until proven guilty. Secondly, he 
is pleading not guilty.” 

Roby turned himself in Friday to the 
Toronto police. 

A former arena employee, Gordon 
Stuckless, 47. was charged last Tuesday 
with indecent assault and gross inde- 
cency. The police said ail the charges are 
related to alleged assaults on boys dur- 
ing the late 1 970s and early '80s. 

It was during this time that teenagers 
allegedly were promised admission to 
Maple Leafs games, team souvenirs and 
perhaps the opportunity to meet players 
— in return for sex. 

Last week. Martin Kruze. 34, came 
forward and said he was one of those 
abused boys. After Kruze went public 
with his story, several others contacted 
the police and told of similar incidents. 

“So far we have managed to inter- 
view 13 or 14." said Dave Tredrea. a 
police detective. “We’re trying to keep 
up with the phone calls.'' 


Tonya’s Back, and She’s in Her Element 


The Associated Press 

RENO, Nevada — Tonya Harding 
had just finished her first public 
routine since the 1994 Olympics and 
was lying flat in the center of the rink 
when a few customary flower bou- 
quets were tossed her way. 

Then two collapsible batons came 
flying out of the stands onto the ice. 

If Harding had any illusions she 
was still in the genteel world of world- 
class amateur figure skating on Sat- 
urday night, the beer-drinking, 
hockey-loving crowd that filled the 
Reno Convention Center quickly let 
her know otherwise. 

This wasn’t exactly Lillehammer. 


It wasn't even Nashville, where skat- 
ing’s best got together earlier this 
month for the national championships 
that Harding has won twice. 

It was a Reno Renegades minor- 
league hockey game, and Tonya was 
the pre-game entertainment 
"Anyone throwing objects on the 
ice will be ejected. ,Y the announcer 
warned the crowd before hpr routine. 

Skating's bad girl then appeared on 
the ice dressed all in black, with bare 
midriff exposed, and skated a program 
that included only two jumps, neither 
of them triple axels. 

She got a mixed reception of cheers 
and boos during and after the per- 


formance. but Harding blew kisses to 
the crowd nonetheless, as if she had 
just won a gold medal. 

“I think it was probably 80 percent 
positive and 20 percent negative." 
Harding said later. “I think the 20 
percent negative just wanted to watch 
the hockey game." 

Her brief performance with upbeat 
music came before a standing-room 
only crowd of 4.344, the first sellout of 
the season for the Renegades. 

She was backstage trying to catch 
her breath when the biggest cheers of 
the night came as a pre-game fight 
broke out between players for the 
Renegades and Alaska Gold Kings. 


Michael Jordan driving past Warriors’ guard Bimbo Coles on Chicago 



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EVTERNATIONAJL 


o^Arn TRIBUNE, 


PAGE 2 


P,\r> 


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A TV 


BASKETBALL Jordan Rules Again p. 17 CYCLING Malaysia’s Hope p. 16 HOCKEY Lindros Lifte Flyers p.17 



PAGE 18 


World Roundup 



Iva Majoli hitting a return to 
Jana Novotna in Hannover. 


Majoli Triumphs 


tenuis Iva Majoli of Croatia, 
the defender, battled back from 
match paint Sunday do defeat the 
top-seeded Jana Novotna, 4-6, 7-6 
(7-2), 6-4 in the final of the 
$450,000 Faber Grand Prix in 
Hannover. Germany. 

MajoJi. seeded third, wore 
down her Czech opponent with 
her powerful baseline game and 
won her fifth WTA tour victory. 
Her Iasi triumph was in the same 
tournament a year ago, when it 
was played in Essen, Germany. 

Novotna, ranked the No. 3 wo- 
man player in die world, dom- 
inated the first set, but Majoli 
gained confidence and went ahead 
by 3-1 in the second before No- 
votna pulled ahead. Majoli’ s de- 
cisive break came when Novotna 
squandered a match point at 5-4. 
Majoli turned the match around 
and forced a tiebreaker that she 


won easily, 7-2. 

In the final set, Novotna pulled 


ahead by 3-1, but the Croatian 
fought back and set up three match 
points at 5-4, partly thanks to a 
double fault by Novotna. Novot- 
na, who had trouble developing 
her serve-and-volley against Ma- 
joli, survived two points before 
Majoli clinched victory with a soft 
passing shot. (AP) 


Rosset Downs Henman 


TENNIS Marc Rosset of 
Switzerland recovered his win- 
ning touch Sunday, trouncing Tim 
Henman of Britain, 6-2, 7-5, 6-4, 
to capture the $875,000 European 
Community Championship in An- 
twerp, his first tournament victory 
in well over a year. 

Relying on his booming serve, 
steady nerves and profiting from a 
shaky Henman performance, Ros- 
set pinned the Briton long in the 
backcourt and slammed passing 
shots when Henman tried to im- 
pose himself at the net. 

When Henman was offered an 
opportunity, Rosset saved each 
and every one of eight break points 
against him. It was enough to drain 
the spirit out of the world's No. 19. 
Ranked 23d in the world, Rosset 
rifled 17 aces past Henman, in- 
cluding match point. (AP) 


Price Wins in Playoff 


golf Nick Price of Zimbabwe 
purred the first playoff hole 
Sunday to defeat David Frost of 
South Africa and win the Alfred 
Dunhill South African PGA goif 
tournament in Johannesburg. 

Price started the day five shots 
behind Frost and shot a six-under 
66. including an eagle and two bird- 
ies on three par-five holes, to finish 
(he tournament at 1 9- under 269. 
Frost blew a three- shot overall lead 
at the start of play, then roared back 
to tie Price on the final hole by 
sinking a 12-foot birdie putt for a 
final round 71. (AP) 


IteralhSSritnme 


Sports 


*Tf 


Austrian Bricklayer 
Masters the Super-G 


The Associated Press 

GARMISCH-PARTENK3RCHEN, 
Germany — Hermann Maier, a 24-year- 
old Austrian newcomer, raced to a spec- 
tacular triumph in a tough super-giant 
slalom Sunday and captured the first 
victory of his young World Cup career. 

Maier, a bricklayer by trade whose 
talent was discovered by Austrian 
coaches two years ago, beat Kristian 
Ghedina of Italy by more than half a 
second, while A tie Skaardal and Lasse 
Kjus of Norway shared third place. 

"This has been a great weekend,” 
said Maier, who was racing in the third 
Super-G of his career. He had already 
caught attention when be finished 
second in Friday’s Super-G. 

“First victory in the third Super-G, 
that’s more or less how I imagined it 
would be," he said only half-jokingly. 

Peter Runggaldier of Italy came in 
fifth, while Luc Alphand of France, who 
won Friday’s Super-G and Saturday’s 
downhill, finished sixth and extended 
his overall World Cup lead. 

Kjetil-Andre Aamodt, Alphand's 
closest rival, was 16th, and Alphand 
now has a 163-point lead with eight 
races left in the season. He is also ahead 
in Super-G standings. 

Alphand competes only in downhill 
and Super-G events, but since two of 
each are still cm the schedule, he could 
become the first Frenchman to win the 
overall title since Jean-Qaude Killy in 
1968. Each victory is worth 100 points. 
Maier, a Super-G specialist, chnged 
,070-m 


st 


down the 2,070-meter (6,800-foot) icy 


a winning time of one minute, 21.64 
seconds, ,52 seconds ahead of Ghedina, 
who clocked 1:22.16. 

“I knew I had to be aggressive. I was 
nervous at the start because there was a 
long break," said the stocky racer from 
Flachau, who gave Austria its first vic- 
tory in Garrm^-Panenkiicfaen since 
1991. 

“I didn’t know that Ghedina was 
ahead, I thought the two Norwegians 
were leading. I thought that I could beat 
diem if 1 was aggressive enough." 

Officials had to repair the course be- 
fore Maier started as No. 18, and he 
spent several minutes in the gate waiting 
for the go-ahead. 

Maier’s blazing run prevented Ghed- 
ina from scoring his first Super-G vic- 
tory. Maier broke his Left hand in a fall 
five weeks ago in Chamonix, France, 
and is still racing with a brace. 

The injury forced him to miss the 
World Championships that ended one 
week ago in Sestriere, Italy. 

“For me, a victory like this one here 
today means more than a world cham- 
pionship medal, because there are more 
competitors in a World Cup race," 
Maier said. 

Skaardal and Kjus both posted the 
identical time of 1 :22J25. Skaardal took 
die gold in the Super-G in Ses- 
triere, while Kjus was second. 

Ghedina said finishing third in Sat- 
urday's downhill took the pressure off. 
“I felt relaxed and cool, 1 ' he said 



Hdtap/Bnam 

Her mann jVfffliprffiirvinga turn Snndfty on his way to victory in the third super-giant slalom of his .career. 


Egorova’s Lucky Number 


Three years after heat Olympic 

"-yobov Egorova 


ic tri- 
umph in Lillehammer, Lj 
drew the same bib number in the same 
event and achieved the same result. Tbe 
Associated Press reported from Trond- 
heim, Norway. 

“I think I was lucky today,” she said 
after drawing No. 62 and winning the 5- 
kilomeier classical style cross-country 


race Sunday at die World Nordic Ski 
Championships. 

. “I had the same start number in Lille- 
hammer,” sire said “Maybe that’s why 
1 won today." . 

There were other reasons, of course. 
"I had excellent skis, and Ifelt very well 
before and during the race," she said 
Egorova covered the women’s sprint 
distance in 13 minute s 29.9 seconds, 
edging her fellow Russian Elena Valbe 


by 2 & seconds. Stefania Belmondo of 
Italy was third, 5.1 seconds back. 

Kenji Ogi wara of Japan west the Nor- 
dic Combmed, finishing 30.8 seconds 
ahead of BjarteEngen Vik of Norway in 
the final 15-kUometer freestyle cross- 
countxyskie vent 

A strong cross -country performance 
by Fabrice Guy of.France moved him 
from tentii to third 1 minute 19.4 
seconds back- 


Suddenly, the Landscape for Sprinters Is an Open Field 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 


B IRMINGHAM, England — For a dozen 
years, Cad Lewis dominated the long jump 
and tire sprints. Handing off control of tire 
100 meters in recent years to the grandfatherty 
Linford Christie. Now, suddenly, tire landscape is 
open. Both have retired from major competitions, 
which left 23- year-old Ato Boldon trying to con- 
vince himself Sunday that he could replace them. 

On tire most recent evidence, he hadn't been 
very convincing as he arrived this weekend far the 
Ricoh Tour Final, fee last of four major indoor 
European meets this year. 

‘Td started second-guessing myself — maybe 
I’ve beat hitting the weights too hard, maybe I'm 
complacent, maybe I’m making too much 
money,’’ said Boldon, the winner of two bronze 
medals in tire Olympic sprints last summer. “I 
thought, 'Maybe I’m an outdoor guy; maybe I have 
no business running indoors.' I can't continue to 
lose to people indoors who can’t beat me out- 
doors.” 

He was looking forward to returning home to 
Trinidad and preparing himself for fee world out- 


door championships in August at Athens. Then in a 
collective half-mmute Sunday his whole outlook 
changed. He won the 60 meters here in 6.49 
seconds, equalling the world’s best time indoors 
this year, and then seized tire 200 meters in 2035 
seconds. 

He was still going home to Trinidad on Monday , 
he said, bat wife a new likelihood of retaining to 
Europe within a fortnight for the lAAF World 
Indoor Championships in Paris where new chal- 
lenges woald await 

If in 

himself agaiiL 
his career, wife the goal of winning the Olympic 
sprint double at Sydney in 2000. He is bracing 
himse lf fora lot of depression. 

“As a sprinter I know that tire Olympic 100- 
meter champion and world-record holder lost 12 of 
21 races last year,” Boldon said of Donovan 
Bailey of Canada. 

Those who follow behind tire Lewis generation 
must wonder how they can recreate his successes 
over such a long period. Tbe most obvious way to 
start doing it a few years ago was to beat Lewis or 
Christie in their primes. The new era begins un- 
officially May 31 wife tbe "world’s fastest hu- 


he runs poorly there he will start criticizing 
again. He intends to do that for the rest of 


man" two-man race at 150 meters in Toronton 
between Bailey and Michael Johnson. Such a 
money-making exhibition would have been un- 
imaginable in other years without Lewis or 
Christie. 

“I have a plan to break tire outdoor 100-meter 
record before that race happens and throw a mon- 
key wrench in the whole thing.” Boldon said with 

a sneaky look. that; then I will say nothing. 

Tm talking now because it’s all I can do. But if I do 
it, then I won’t say anything. I’ll leave it for other 
people to ask how can it be a race to decide, tire 
fastest man in the world when the man who'has tire 
fastest time in history isn’t there." 


B Y THE way, the 36-year-old Jamaican 
champion, Meriene Ottey, was warning that 
Christie hadn't quite disappeared- After 
running second at 60 meters in 7.10 seconds — her 
first indoor sprint of the year.itwas good enough to 
convince her to defend her indoor would title at 
Paris next month — Ottey predicted that Christie 
might yet turn up at the world outdoor cham- 
pionships. 

“I have been training wife him, and if Athens 
comes around and Linford is running very well, I 


believe we’ll see him in the lineup,’ ’ Ottey said oo 
Sunday. 

.Another contender set free this year is Ivan 
Pedroso, the Cuban long-jumper who was limited 
by a leg injury last summer when Lewis won Ms 
fourth consecutive gold medal, confirming for 
many his place as tire greatest athlete of the cen- 
tury. Pedroso did not suggest that be would have 
outjumped Lewis last summer if healthy. “He just 
showed he was mperior," Pedroso said after win- 
ning the Bi rmingham long jump Sunday m 8.17 
meters. - 

■ Boldon and Pedroso each have single-purpose 
bodies: The sprinter is compact and explosive, die 
long jumper is slim and elegant Lewis was a 
combination of fee two. 

“I only competed against Lewis twice," Ped- 
roso said. “The first time was at Barcelona when I 
was 18, and it was something special to jump 
against Carl Lewis. Unfortunately, I also suffered 


# <vsten 


■'■nt 


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-w- - 




*:kv" 


an injury at that competition. 
“It’ssad feat Carl Lewis I 


i has reached the point in 
his career when he isn't competing anymore. But 
after my injury of last year I have had a good fall’s 
training, md now I'm hoping it will lead to my 
dream of being tire first man to jump 9 meters." 



pEniiTniiii;.' iYiiiuil 


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: •'» 


Fan Violence Mars Juventus-Fiorentina Draw 


The Associated Press 

The fen violence that has blemished Italian 
soccer in tire past made its first mark on this 
season Sunday as the Inventus team bus was 
pelted wife rocks as it arrived in Florence fora 
match with Fiorentina 

On tire field, Del Piero hit his thud goal in 
two games and eighth of the season when a 
glancing header found the net off tire post. 
Robbian made it 1-1 four minutes after altering 
the game, and Fiorentina (6-10-5), winless in its 
last six outings, held on for the draw despite tire 
expulsion of a defender. Daniele Camasciali. in 
the 56th. 

Juventus — the reigning world and European 
club champions — has 41 points to 36 for 
Sampdoria of Genoa, which earned a dramatic 
1-1 draw at Napoli when the Yugoslav mid- 
fielder Sinisa Mihajlovic scored with a 30- 
meter free kick wife two minutes left 

Intemazionale of Milan took third place with 
34 points, beating Atalanta of Bergamo, 2-0, on 
second-half goals by Youri Djorkaeff and Ivan 
Zamorano. 

Defending champion AC Milan continued 
downhill in a 1-0 loss at lowly Perugia. Milan, 
tied for 10th place and 13 points behind Ju- 


ventus, played the entire second half with nine 
men following the expulsions of the French 
striker Christophe Dugarry and Italy’s captain, 
Paolo Maldini. 

England Manchester United came from be- 
hind for a 1-1 draw at Chelsea while No. 2 
Liverpool had to settle for a -home scoreless 




draw with Blackburn, missing a chance to take 
tire top spot in England’s Premier League. 

David Beckham got Manchester United’s 
tying goal in tbe 68th minute after Gianfranco 
Zola put Chelsea ahead in fee second minute of 
the Saturday match. Newcastle moved into 
third place wife a 1-0 triumph at last-place 
Middlesbrough on an eighth-minute goal from 
Les Ferdinand. 

Arsenal failed to gam ground with a 1-0 loss 
on Sunday to Wimbledon as Vinnle Jones got 
the winner in the 21st minute. Tbe victory 
moved Wimbledon into sixth place. In Scot- 
land, league-leading Glasgow Rangers — after 
tireir ninth-straight league title — defeated Hi- 
bernian, 3-1, on Sunday to stay seven points 
clear of Celtic. 


Qafmany Bayern Munich stayed three points 
in front in Germany with a 1-1 draw at VfL 
Bochum. The defending UEFA Cup champions 
got the equalizer in tire 65th on a goal by 
Juergen Klinsmann after Torsten Kracht bad 
put VfL Bochum ahead in tire 55th. 

Through 19 games, Bayern has 40 points to 
37 each for Borussia Dortmund aria Bayer 
Leverkusen, with VfB Stuttgart in fourth with 
34 points. 

tprin Real Madrid and Barcelona each ran up 
easy home victories on Sunday to stay ooe-two 
atop the Spanish first division.. Real Madrid 
thumped Oviedo, 6-1, and Barcelona — wife the 
future erf manager Bobby Robson reported to be 
on fee line — beat Zaragoza, 4-1, as Ronaldo 
scored twice. 

Defending champion Atietioo Madrid — out 
of the race for tire league title — stayed alive for 
a place in Europe wife a 2-0 victory Saturday 
over last-place Hercules. AtLetico has 46 points. 

Portugal FC Porto’s 30-game unbeaten string 
came to an end Sunday wfaen it went down, 2-1, ' 
at home to Salgueiros in the Portuguese first 
division. Potto remained at the top of the league 
wife an 18-2-1 record and 56 points, 13 ahead of 
its nearest rival, Benfica. 



\ 


FC Barcelona’s Brazilian star Ronaldo, left, vying for 
the ball with Zaragoza’s Alberto Belsue on Sunday. 



Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 
makes calling hum France and other countries really 
easy. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 
you’re calling from andyou’II get the fastest, clearest 
connections. And be sun? to cha^e your calls oo par 
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phone charges on your hotel bill and save you upio 60%? 
So please check the list for AT&T Access Numbers. 


JXOT Access Numbers 





LJos dial the ffl&T Access Number 

for tbe counuy yoo ire calling from. 


3- Dial the cai&ng cant number Uoat 
above tout same, 


EUROPE 

tasttaao 

822-983-011 

Botina* 

0-680 -188-18 

France 

040049-0811 

Germany.... . 

0130-8816 

Green* 

.08-800-1511 

Ireland.. 

i-wwshw 

Italy* 

172*1011 

Nethertanh* 

... 66-822-9111 

Ruiia**(Jlaseow)e 

... 7£hS942 

Sjttio* 

.. 988-9940*11 

S»ed«i 

.. 68-795-611 

Switzerland* 

8880494811 

United Kingdom 

..88M-8M911 

MIDDLE EAST 

tma*[caim)T 

518-8268 

tan®! 

..177-198-2727 

Saudi Arabia o ... 

1-W6-1B 

AFRICA 



0191 





lie 




Kenya* 

South Africa 


0-800-10 

MM-9M123 


Direcr Serta, or vm oar Web de an hfl^VirinMami^tiaiekr 


in the springtime. 



W«e*»ta«ioBfcPiS 

vNbflwweWMpMrttawWI fUdltt TOd^riftOi IKWn:«IW«*T