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INTERNATIONAL 


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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 1 W 


The Worlds Daily Newspaper 


London, Tuesday, February 25, 1997 



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Insider Trades 
In Japan Leave 
Persistent Stain 
On the System 


By Velisarios KattouLas 

International Herald Tribun e 

TOKYO — Sitting at tte counter ofa tiny sushi 
bar. the -Japanese stockbroker swirled his beer 
nervously and lowered his voice as he explained 
his knack for insider trading. 

“1 used to be an analyst visiting companies and 
writing reports about them, so I know a lot of 
senior people at top companies,” said the middle- 
aged broker, who asked not to be identified. 

To illustrate his point, he recommended shares 
in a large company with which he had ties. In three 
days, he said, the company would announce earn- 
ings far better than expected. 

Three days later, he was right The company's 
share price soared. 

Tell this tale of insider information to anybody 
familiar with trading stocks in Japan. Then men- 
tion share-price manipulation. Twice they will 
nod knowingly. 

“At one tune Japan was what you could call an 
insider-trading and share-price-manipulation 
paradise,” said Hisashi Watanabe, general man- 
ager at Capital Markets Research Institute, which 
is funded by Japan's biggest brokerage houses. 

“While 1 don’t think it's true that Japan is still 
such a paradise, in some way somebody is still 
sneaking through dubious or illegal trades,' ’ said 
Mr. Watanabe, a former broker at Japan’s biggest 
brokerage, Nomura Securities Ltd. 

Indeed, brokers interviewed in recent weeks 
said the introduction in 1992 of tighter U.S. -style 
laws and tougher penalties for illegal trading, after 
a slew of securities scandals set off public outrage, 
had made insider trading and share-price ma- 
nipulation more difficult 

In the United States and much of Europe, such 
practices are strictly outlawed, sometimes pun- 
ished with jail terms. 

But they insisted, the two practices continue to 
characterize Japanese stock markets, despite reg- 
ular denials by officials of the Finance Ministry 
and the Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

“It goes on all the time,” said a Japanese 
broker at a top foreign brokerage house, one of 
many who spoke on condition he not be identified. 

See TRADES, Page 6 


Nairobi University Shut Down After Riots 



Alexmukr kxJAgaa fiance- noac 

Nairobi University students protesting the apparent killing of a student leader. Students 
blamed tbe police. The university’s Nairobi campus was dosed Monday after rioting. Page 6. 

Questions for the Age of Clone 

Replicated Creature Opens Ethical Pandora’s Box 


Albright, in China, 
Upholds Rights 

Mourners Differences 
Line Route Made Clear 9 
To See Deng By Each Side 


By Steve n Mufson 

Washington Post Service 


By Gina Kolata 

New York Times Service 


NEW YORK — When a scientist whose goal is to 
turn animals into drug factories announced in Britain 
that his team had cloned a sheep, the last practical 
barrier in reproductive technology was breached, ex- 
perts say. and with a speed that few if any scientists 
anticipated. 

Now these experts say the public must come to grips 
with issues as grand as the possibility of making 
carbon copies of humans and as mundane, but im- 
portant, as what will happen to the genetic diversity of 
livestock If breeders start to done animals. 

Por starters, quipped Dr. Ursula Goodenough, a cell 


biologist at Washington University in St. Louis, with 
cloning, “there’d be no need for men.” 

But on a more serious note. Dr. Stanley Hauerwas, a 
divinity professor at Duke University, said that those 

Medical potential, and the man behind it Page 5. 

who wanted to clone “are going to sell it with won- 
derful benefits” for medicine and animal husbandry. 
But he said he saw “a kind of drive behind this for us 
to be our own creators.” 

Dr. Kevin FitzGerald, a Jesuit priest and a geneticist 
See CLONE, Page 5 


BEUTNG — Deng Xiaoping, who 
traveled from rural Sichuan Province to 
the pinnacle of power over a quarter of 
the world’s humanity, made his final 
journey Monday as his body was taken 
from a military hospital to be cremated 
at Baobashan cemetery in the western 
part of Beijing. 

Chinese state television showed foot- 
age Monday night of Mr. Deng's family 

Bering seals off students’ means of 
protest after Deng’s death. Page 4. 

and top Chinese leaders wearing black 
armbands and white paper flowers, fil- 
ing by Mr. Deng's body at the hospital 
and then as a group bowing before it 
three times. 

The body — its puffy face disfigured 
by age, disease, and death — lay on an 
open bier surrounded by flowers and 
covered with a giant Chinese flag with 
its yellow hammer and sickle against a 
red background. Members of Mr. 
Deng's family wept profusely, one 
daughter crying, “Grandfather hasn’t 
died,’ ’ and another daughter going up to 
nuzzle his face. 

Afterward, his body was put inside a 

stepping sol^en^o a white van, be- 
decked with black and yellow ribbons, 
that rook him to the cemetery. 

Thousands of spectators, many of 
them bused in from the nearby state- 
owned Capiiol bon & Steel Works, 
lined the two-kilometer route from the 
mili tary hospital to Baobashan. Police- 
men lined the road, standing about two 

See DENG, PageTi 


By Michael Dobbs 

Washington Post Service 


Russia Signals Readiness 
To Move Ahead onNATO 

‘Progress Emerging,’ Primakov Says After Talks 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Service 

BERLIN — NATO and Russia have 
achieved the first tangible signs of pro- 
gress toward a blueprint for a new se- 
curity partnership that could stifle Mos- 
cow’s objections to alliance plans to 
embrace new members from Central 
and Eastern Europe, senior Western 
diplomats said Monday. 

NATO officials said Foreign Min- 
ister Yevgeni Primakov signaled at a 
meeting Sunday evening at the Brussels 
residence of the NATO secretary- gen- 
eral. Javier Sdana, that Russia was pre- 
pared to stop posturing and start work- 
ing toward a substantive deal that would 
chart a new relationship between Mos- 
cow and the Western military alliance 
into the 21st century. 

“I think I can say that progress is 
emerging regarding discussions on a 
number of issues pertaining to the re- 
lationship between NATO and Russia.* ‘ 
Mr. Primakov said at a press conference 
after arriving Monday in Oslo. 

"This progress has not taken any 
vivid shape, out we could be limited 
optimists^' he said. “And we will con- 
tinue our negotiations with Mr. Solatia, 
and 1 expect to see him in Moscow m the 


The Dollar 


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first part of March.” Mr. Primakov 
stressed that Russia was pursuing con- 
sultations with the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization “not for the sake of 
demanding a price for changing our 
position” regarding tbe enlargement 
because “this change will not take 
place.” He said Russia’s aim was “to 
minimize the depth of those dividing 
lines which might appear in Europe” 
and ‘‘get guarantees which would al- 
leviate our concerns.” 

NATO officials said during his meet- 
ing with Mr. Solaria that Mr. Primakov 
produced four draft documents that 
were remarkably close to NATO think- 
ing about creating a permanent con- 
sultative council with its own secre- 
tariat. Although Russia is still pushing 
for a legally binding document and in- 
sists no sophisticated military equip- 
ment should be stationed on the territory 
of new members, NATO sources said 
the meeting demonstrated a new se- 
riousness on Moscow’s pan. 

“Fbr the first time, the Russians were 
engaged, constructive and reasonable in 
talking about all the issues related to 
enlargement,” a senior NATO official 
said. “We now know they basically 
want to cut a deal.” 

NATO sources said the two sides had 
essentially agreed on the nature of a 
permanent consultative council that 
would govern their relations. A Russian 
mission headed by an ambassador 
would weak full-time with NATO staff 
on matters of mutual concern; Russia is 
laying special emphasis on joist peace- 
keeping missions and wants to play a 

See NATO, Page 5 



Hruui. 


China’s top leaders following Mr. Deng’s body as it headed Monday for cremation at the Baobashan cemetery. 


BEUTNG — Winding up her first 
around-the-world tour as Secretary of 
Stare, Madeleine Albright on Monday 
attempted one of the most challenging 
feats m American diplomacy: reaching 
out to the post-Deng Xiaoping lead- 
ership in China while simultaneously 
critiquing Beijing for widespread re- 
pression of human rights. 

“Before 1 left, 1 said that I would tell 
it like it is, and I have told it like it is," 
Mrs. Albright said after five hours of 
meetings with Mr. Deng's successors. 
“I mode very clear our position. They 
made clear their position.” 

Addressing a news conference, Mrs. 
Albright said that she had been "sur- 
prised ” and “gratified” by the will- 
ingness of Chinese leaders to receive 
her in Beijing on the eve of the stale 
funeral for Mr. Deng, whom she de- 
scribed as “a major figure” in Chinese 
and world history. 

American officials hailed the gesture 

The U.S. official most responsible for 
Asian affairs looks ahead toward the 
post-Deng era. Q& A: Page 4. 

as a sign that China was anxious for 
improved ties with the United States 
after years of bitter polemics. 

The final stop on an exhausting 1 l- 
day trip spanning both Europe and Asia. 
Beijing presented perhaps the most sen- 
sitive political problem for Mrs. Al- 
bright She was faced with tbe challenge 
of constructing a stable relationship 
with an emerging regional superpower 
that severely represses its own people, 
while living up to her reputation as a 
forthright champion of human rights. 

It can be a perilous balancing act as 
former secretaries of state have dis- 
covered. Relations between the United 
States and China have veered danger- 
ously back and forth since die massacre 
of hundreds of student activists near 
Tiananmen square in June 1989 in a 
crackdown ordered by Mr. Deng himself. 
Human rights organizations in the West 
have been quick to react to any sug- 
gestion that the G inton administration is 
soft-pedaling its criticism of Beijing. 

During her public comments 
Monday, Mrs. Albright seemed anxious 
to strike a balance between speaking out 
on human rights and making sure that 
her words would not be too offensive to 
her Chinese hosts. 

She spoke repeatedly of the need to 
build a “multifaceted relationship” 
with China and emphasized the shared 
political goals of creating a stable se- 
curity environment in Asia, promoting 
trade, and combating the proliferation 
of nuclear weapons. 

Mrs. Albright announced an agree- 
ment to begin talks at die level of experts 
on disputed nuclear nonproliferation is- 
sues. While conceding some progress in 
the last few months, die United States 
remains critical of Beijing for transfer- 
ring missile technology to Iran and 

See CHINA, Page 6 


Despera 



in Cairo —With Cell Phone 


By Emad Mekay 

New York Times Service 


CAIRO ^ Nineteen-year-old Tammer Asaad 
thought he had all the right qualifications to date an 18- 
year-old woman who had caught his interest. He 
attends the American University in Cairo, speaks his 
native Arabic with a deliberate American accent 
littered with English slang, dresses in tight black 
Levi's jeans, and dances tbe Macarena backward. She 
still was not impressed. 

But when Mr. Asaad’s father bought a cellular 
phone, things changed. A few days later, Mr. Asaad 
borrowed the telephone, took it to a posh local sports 


club where tbe woman spent time, and made sure he got 
a telephone call while standing near her. The next day, 
Mr. Asaad said, tbe woman in question was sitting in 
his BMW t alkin g to her friends on the mobile phone. 

Skeptics who find this tale more like the gossamer 
fantasies of advertisers hoping to make cigarettes, 
perfumes or liquor seem a magnet for tbe opposite sex 
should not underestimate the impact a new consumer 
status symbol can have among Cairo's elite. Cellular 
phones, introduced four months ago, have enhanced 
the standing of many Egyptians. 

Egyptian cinema stars now pose for photos in which 
they hold the new gadget. Egyptian businessmen 
speak with cigars in one hand and a phone in the other. 


Members of the Egyptian national football team carry 
their phones to matches. 

The House of Assembly in Egypt had to ban mobile 
phones from parliamentary sessions after members 
kept chatting during debates. Some schools have for- 
bidden their students to take the mobile phones into the 
classrooms. 

The mobile-telephone business in Egypt has be- 
nefited enormously from its privileged position in a 
highly status-conscious society. Now everyone from 
the French telecommunications giant Alcatel Al~ 
sthom, the builder of the system, to the Egyptian 

See STATUS, Page 12 


Report on Foster Finds No Cover-Up 

Starr Inquiry Is Said to Refute Rightist Accusations About Clinton 


Nawsefand Prices 


Bahrain 1.000 Din 

Cyprus 1.00 

Oenmartt -14.00 D.Kr. 
Finland —.12.00 F.M. 

Gibraltar £0.05 

Great Brftaln 0.90 

Egypt JEE5J50 

Jordan.-..- 1250 JD 
Kenya. — K. SKI 60 
Kuwait BOOHS 


,35 c. 


,125.00 Nara 

Oman 1250 Rials 

Qatar ...10.00 Rials 

Rep. tratond-tR£i^» 
Sauifi Arabia .1 020 P 
S. Africa -R12+ VAT 
UXE— .40430 DWi 
U.S. Ml (Eur.) -5120 
aratwtere— 2ta£3ft00 


By Jack Nelson 

Los Angela Times Service 



09 


WASHINGTON — The Whitewater 
independent counsel, Kenneth Stair, 
has completed a voluminous report on 
Vincent Foster that sources say refutes 
contentions by rightist organizations 
that the White House aide was the. vic- 
tim of a minder and that PresidectBili 
Clin ton and his wife. Hillary, tried to 
cover it up. "* 

Running to more than 100 pages; the 

. _ -- m m on AvhanctTiMfe mnutctr 



“It puts tibe fie to that bunch of nuts out 
there spinning conspiracy theories and 
talking about murder arid cover-ups.” 
said a source familiar with die report. 

Mr. Starr’s inquiry marks the third 
examination of Mr. Foster's death. 
Eariler findings of suicide were returned 
by a coroner and by Robert Flske, Mr. 
Stair's predecessor as independent 
counsel, but rightist political groups 
have continued to allege that die Gin- 
tons were implicated in the death. 

Mr. Foster, who served as deputy 
White House counseU was a close friend 
ofboth Clintons and a former law partner 
of Hillary Rodham Clinton. Among his 
other dunes, he had helped prepare the 


tax returns of tile Whitewater Devel- 
opment Corp- the Arkansas real estate 
venture involving the Clintons that is the 
subject of investigation by Mr. Starr. 

Mr. Starr has not indicated when he 
would release his report. 

The Idea that Mr. Foster’s death in- 
volved foul play and that the Clintons 
were implicated has been promoted by 
rightist groups that receive financial as- 
sistance from a foundation headed by 
Richard Mellon Scaife. a long-time 
member of the Board of Regents of 
Pepperdine University in California. 
Mr- Starr had initially decided to quitthe 


AGENDA 


Attack at Empire State B uilding 

A shooting spree by a Palestinian 
who carried a semiautomatic handgun 
onto the observation deck of the Em- 
pire State Building in New York was 
apparently a random attack and not a 
terrorist act, the authorities said on 
Monday. Tbe gunman, identified as 
Ali Abu KamaL 69, killed a y oung rock 
musician from Denmark and wounded 
six other persons before taking his own 
life on Sunday. Page 3. 


Books— — 

Crossword 

Opinion 

Sports 


........ — Page 9. 

Page 10. 

Pages 8-9. 

.. Pages 


trOarmOenal natsMed 


Page*. 


PAGE TWO 

Baking Up Trouble in Moscow 

EUROPE Page 5. 

Party Aims at FrentA Immigrants 

Regrets on Remark 

LONDON (Reuters) — The polit- 
ical editor of the Frankfurter Aiige- 
meine Zeitung, Guenther Nonnen- 
macher, has expressed regret over a 
reference in an article last week to 
Britain’s foreign secretary as “the 
Jew Rjfkind,” a member of Parlia- 
ment, Greville Janner, said Monday. 




See FOSTER, Page 6 





RAC 



PAGE 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 

PAGE TWO 


Ji 

Ft 

St 

E 


Symbol of Health / Qualify of Bread Is Crumbling 


Russians Up in Arms Over Staff of Life 


By Michael Specter 

New York Touts Service 


M 


OS COW — It takes a true disaster to 
enrage the people of this city. TTieir 
ident has hardly appeared among 
l in months, but nobody cares. 
NATO is about to sweep across the boundaries of 
what was once their enduring empire, yet it seems 
that few ordinary Russians even know that the 
organization exists. 

But there are still standards. There are values and 
traditions, and when they are violated completely, 
even the most blosd Muscovite finally loses pa- 
tience. 

“Try to cut this," Masha Baiganova said to the 
trembling salesman at her local bread store. Mrs. 
Baiganova thrust a “fresh" baguette in the poor 
man’s face. “This bread crumbles when you cut it,” 
she said. “What on earth is going on here?" 

She is far from the only person asking. Russian 
bread, a rich black symbol of the health of the 
motherland and the warmth of its people, has sud- 
denly come under siege. 

Nor long ago, Moscow’s chief food inspector, 
Vladimir Nikitin, announced after a routine tour of 
the city’s many new small bakeries that a quarter of 
the 2^00 tons of bread made in Moscow each day 
was “unsuitable for use as food." 

Nothing ever reported about the faltering health 
of President Boris Yeltsin has caused as much 
distress. The city’s powerful mayor, Yuri Luzhkov, 
has promised personally to shut any bakery whose 
products fail to please him. 

In its current issue, the country’s best-read 
weekly newspaper, Afgumenty i Fakty, said the 
figure for inadequate bread in Moscow was closer to 
90 percent Speaking reluctantly and unwilling to be 
quoted, by name, city inspectors said in interviews 
that while 90 percent was probably on the high side, 
the quality of Moscow’s bread, which has nourished 
revolutionaries, peasants and czars alike, has never 
been lower. 

“This is the last line,” said Viktor Petrenko, 
director of Bread Factory No. 9, which occupies tbe 
equivalent of five city blocks in the center of Mos- 
cow. “We are fighting for quality, bur it is a fight we 
are beginning to lose. And if we lose the battle for 
bread, we will lose our heritage.*' 

Ridiculous words? Not in acountry 
where bread is given credit for de- 
feating Napoleon and helping mil- 
lions to withstand the siege of Len- 
ingrad. It is not chanted much these 
days, but the official slogan of the Soviet Union — 
“Above all things, bread" — was one of the few 
promises the Communists managed to keep. 

In the Russian language, the loss of a person’s 
soul is described as tragic in a phrase that compares 
it to (he loss of a good loaf of bread. 

It is simply impossible to exaggerate the role of 
plain, chewy blade bread in the ufe of Russia or its 
people. The Bolsheviks rose to power on Lenin's 
cry of “Peace, Land, Bread."- Nikita Khrushchev 
and Mikhail Gorbachev both fell as bread lines 
became symbols of the country they governed. 

When two years ago the nation suffered its worst 



RttadStfewEa 


usually at the end of the month, when money is too 
scarce to buy anything but cheap white bread and 
perhaps some tea. 

Under the reforms of Mr. Yeltsin, bread has 
actually gained in symbolic importance. Once so 
plentiful and cheap that it was fed to farm animals, 
bread has now beconw the mam sustenance for tens 
of thousands of impoverished retired people. 

The bread crisis, like so many in Russia today, is 
really a clash of values and expectations. In Soviet 
times, bread cost pennies — compared with SO cents 
or more for a good loaf now. It was made only by 
state factories and manufactured to specific lengths 
and widths, with ingredients all ordained by ihe 
Kremlin. 

These days, state factories compete with hun- 
dreds of independent bakeries. The factories con- 
tend that the bakeries have no standards and have 


not a roach. He then ate the roach and the bun and 
left Wheat he got back to bis bakery, he imme- 
diately emptied bags of raisins into his flour. Within 
days, he had a long line of customers demanding the 
new delicacy. 


O 


NLY 300 bakeries in Moscow are ro- 
ll as many as 800 others are not. 


city inspectors say clever 
bakers rent space in former defense fac- 
tories — because there is plenty of space and those 
plants are usually hand to get into — making random 
inspections nearly impossible. 

While the state factories still operate under old 
standards, they at least have standards. Production 
dates, including the hour of completion, are often 
stamped on factory wrappers. Small independent 
bakeries in Moscow do what they want, with equip- 
ment and ingredients that they 


* " 1 -i --i — — choose. Some are excellent; others 

We are fighting for qualify, hut we are beginning to lose. And -produce bread that would make even 
if we lose the battle for bread, we will lose our heritage . 9 


grain harvest in a, generation, newspapers mostly 
wondered what would happen to Russian bread. In 
feet, much of tire-grugr used .by bakers is im- 
ported!' •• " ’ • 

To foreigners the phrase “white nights” usually 
brings to mind tbe endless summer light in Sl 
P etersburg. To Russians it is slang for those periods. 


ntined the good name of bread from one end of tire 
land to the other. 

The bakeries see things differently. 

“The old factories are still run the way they 
were,” said Yuri Katsnelson, director of Bread 
Filippov, one of the city’s best-known bakeries, and 
president of the Moscow Guild of Bakers. “They 
are not innovative. They do not want to change. The 
factory owners want to close our bakeries. Is that 
because we make bad bread, or because we are 
selling bread to people who are tired of buying 


I 


jlegerid : h»- 

it, that was responsible -for 1 the. invention -of 
raisixrbread in 1880. Each day Ivan. Filippov. 

. sent hot ' wheat buns to fee governor general of 
Moscow. One day there was a roach in abun and the 
governor became irate. He sent for die baker, who 
grabbed fee half-eaten bun and said it was a raisin. 


animals howl, 

“It is fee marketplace,” said 
Yelena Tchaikova. a woman who 
runs a bakery called Every Day in tbe city with her 
son and daughter. “If yon want to pay for good 
ingredients and good equipment, you can make 

4here is a lot of bad bread out thane now.” 

Like most bakers here, Mrs. Tchaikova will 
eagerly steer a customer away from bread she thinks 
is unsuitable. 

“You don't want that,” she said to a customer 
eyeing a standard oval loaf of wheat bread. “There 
is no fat in h. ft’s dry. You want some fat.” 

On feat, if on nothing else, the new independent 
bakers are seconded by their giant competitors. . , 

' T^.’l have been t to , fee| We^tokriy' tis&s, ahffTs&'; 1 
wkkt y cki people call bread,*" said Mir. Petrenko. the 
• directorof Bread Factory No. 9. “There is no sugar, - 
' no fat: How can it satisfy you? If you eat a piece of ■ 
Russian bread you are well fed Take a slice of our 
bread, a little vodka and some butter, and your 
problems are behind you.” 





By Stephen Buckley 

. WashbigtoaPoxScrrice _ 


RUHINGA, Burundi — ^ The Hum 
staggering toward fee hill say they fol- 
lowed soldiers here because they were 
weary of being bounded by rebels — 
fellow Hutu engaged in a brutal conflict 
with Burundi’s Tutsi army. But tbe 
place fee army has brought them to has 
no water, no sanitation, no shelter. And 
it is hours from their fields. 

Now the Hutu worry that they have 
traded quick death at fee hands of rebels 
for slow death on a hillside. 

“We are afraid of fee rebels,” said 
Jeremy Nduwabandi, 36, “but here we 
have no food or shelter," 

Mr. Nduwabandi and the hundreds of 
people surrounding him make up one of 
more fe«n a dozen camps that fee army 
has created for Hutu in recent months. 
The so-called protection zones came 
into being soon after fee army deposed 
Burundi 'selected president, a Hutu, in a 
bloodless coup six months ago. 

• Like neighboring Rwanda, Burundi 
has a volatile population mix that is 
roughly 85 percent Hutu and 14 percent 
Tutsi. 

. But unlik e Rwanda, the country has 
been controlled by the Tutsi, who since 
independence hi 1962 have dominated 
fee powerful military. The Tutsi have 
been politically dominant as well, ex- 
cept dusing a turbulent three-year period 
between the country’s first free elec- 
tions and the coup list year. 

The new Tutsi-led government says it 
created the camps to protect civilians 
trapped in a three-year conflict that pits 
Hum rebels against the army. The fight- 
ing has killed more titan 150,000 people 
in this small central African nation since 
late 1993. 

But aid groups and human rights or- 
ganizations say fee camps are a hu- 
manitarian disaster in the making, be- 
cause at least 200,000 people are 
sardined into school rooms and onto 
hillsides without facilities. 

Many observers view fee policy as a 
signal that, at least for now , the Bur- 
undian government has abandoned the 
possibility of negotiating wife the rebels 
and has decided to try to obliterate them 
instead. 

. “But mere is no way to find a military 
solution to the Burundian problem,” 
said Christopbe Sebudandi. president of 
Iteka, a leading human rights group in 
Burundi. “We must work out a per- 
manent solution for our problems. We 
have top) through a peace process.” 

Mr. Sebudandi and others say the 
policy shift resulted, from the Hutu 
rebels' being forced from their bases in 
neighbpring Zaire when fighting, erup- 
tfeftfflereinfcUfetro^ 
are believed to have their primary base 
in western Tanzania .Reports of fee kind 
of large-scale maSsaerts r ~that "have 
marked their insurgency have dimin- 
ished since fee move, but tire rebels 
continue to menace Burundi's coun- 
tryside, laying mines, burning bouses 


and any ckrng civilians of both ethnic 
groups. . . ' ' . ■ ’ 

Although officials say fee- set*]* 
meats are designed to put Hutu non- 
combatants .out of harm’s way, thc.gov- 
emment has placed camps in the most 
tense areas. And in addition to due ex- 
ternal threat, conditions in the camps 
pose a threat to their crenpams, relipf 
workers say. In some- places- where 
abandoned schools have been turned 
- into shelters for the Hutu, as manyasSQ 
people are squashed into classrooms! in 
others. -campsites are hillsides thifck, 
wife shaky shelters . fashioned front!** 
limbs and leaves. ^ 

. “From a medical standpoint, the sifti« 
ation is not good.” said Rfancofee 
Saive, medical coordinate" fw-fee Bel- 
gian branch of Doctors. Wfthout Bor- 
ders, which works in several of. these 
camps in central Burundi. ' ‘Tbere'sfa 
bie problem with disease.’-’. She Prided, 

4 ‘There is not enough food or water* not 
enough access to fields.” ' - /t • 

Some aid officials are angry feat fee 
government appears to have set up fee 
camps without proper facilities became -■ 
it expects relief groups to provide as- 
sistance, despite their general opposi- 
tion. “We’ve told fee government that _ . 
we can’t make these camps a priority * - 
because they are so controversial,” an 
aid official in Burundi said. “One mjp~ A 
istertoldme, ‘Once all these people start T 
starving to death, it will become a pri- 
ority.’ ” 

The government acknowledges the 
odious conditions in the camps but says • 
it does not force Hutu into tire sites and 
does not hunt those civilians who resist 
the camps. 

And the army insists (hat it will serai 
the Hutu home when fighting in their 
Communities eases. 

“We think they will not stay in these 
camps much longer,” Lieutenant Col- 
onel Isaie Nibizi said, “ft is better for 
them to be at home. But we had to put 
them in a safe place so feat we can better 
fight tire terrorists.” * 

The camps, built in the past three 
months, are in four areas around the . 
country, but they are likely to spread. Jl 
The biggest cluster of camps is in cefc- " 
tral Burundi, where an estimated 90,000 
people are settled m sites around tbe 
town of Karuzi, 112 kUometm north- 
east of Bujumbura. 

The camp here axRuhinga, just east of 
the capital, opened last month. As hun- 
dreds of Hutu stumbled into the camp 
site. Lieutenant Gaspar Bambarire re- 
laxed m the shade at an army pojtt,' 
sipping beer and speaking in level tones 
about why the camps area serviceto fee 

‘ The rebel^ take them as hostages^ ’ 
Lieutenant' Bambarire sauL “They witot 


them,., The rebels steal from them. Hie 

rfebelS viotofrfeeir women.” 

He said most of tbe camp's residents 
were still close enough to their farms. 
“We want them to be able to eat,” he 
said. 


Fire on Mir Space Station travel update 9 Senior Zairian Army Officers Defect 


Put Out ‘Quickly 5 Jjy Air Algerie to Resume 

Its Service to Paris 


Group That Fled to Congo Says It Aims to Join Anti-Mobutu Rebels 


Ci<Hfi0tidl>,O»S»e'FnmDapMdKi 

MOSCOW — A fire broke out on 
board tbe Russian orbiting space station 
Mir but was brought under control, a 
Russian space official told Moscow 
Echo radio on Monday. 

Vsevolod Latyshev confirmed an 
earlier report by fee German space 
agency feat the fire Sunday was due to 
malfunctioning oxygen-generating 
equipment and said the incident oc- 
curred when fee crew was trying to 
replace a cartridge. 

“An unexpected burst of flame" oc- 
curred but it was “quickly extin- 
guished." Mr. Latyshev said. 

The crew had returned to its normal 
routine Monday and fee incident was 
“being analyzed,” he added. 

Tbe head of the Russian space 
agency, Yuri Koptiyev, said the crew 
hid “not panicked” over the incident. 

Tbe German space agency said 
smoke from the fire forced astronauts to 
den breathing masks, but that none of 
the six-member crew — which includes 


■ Jewish Leader Sees Swiss Shift 

Agence France-Prme 

BERN — The secretary-general of 

- the World Jewish Congress, Israel Sing- 
er, said Monday that the creation of a 

■ government-managed special fund to 
“ aid Holocaust victims marked a shift in 

* attitude among the Swiss. 

r- “Tbe most important thing for us is to 

* witness a change in the attitude of the 

- government and Swiss banks.” he said. 


four Russians, a German and an Amer- 
ican — was hurt. 

Three of the crew — Valeri Korzun 
and Alexander' Kalery, both Russians, 
and Reinhold Ewald, a German — are to 
return to Earth on Sunday. 

Mir, which has been orbiting the 
Earth for 11 years, has been beset by 
incidents in recent months. In Novem- 
ber tbe station's pump for removing 
waste water broke down, interrupting 
fee crew’s work temporarily. 

Meanwhile, Russia’s space chief ac- 
knowledged Monday that the country 
could not keep up with the schedule for 
fee international space station. 

Construction of the space station — 
an elaborate and expensive project de- 
signed to epitomize post-Cold War co- 
operation between Russia and the West 
— - was to have begun this November 
wife the launching by the Russians of a 
cargo module. 

But Mr. Koptiyev said the govern- 
ment was more than a year behind in 


budget payments, forcing his agency to 
delayfee launching until June 1998. 
‘The change in the timetable is en- 


tirely Russia's fault,’* he said at a press 
conference, according to the Itar-Tass 
press agency. 

He said the other 12 countries in- 
volved — the United Stales, Japan, and 
fee 10-member European Space 
Agency — are “inclined" to accept the 
new schedule. He did not elaborate. 

Officials at fee National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration were not im- 
mediately available to comment 
Monday. (AFP. Reuters) 


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PARIS (AP) — France and Algeria 
have reached an agreement for Air Al- 
gerie to resume flights from Paris after a 
two-year hiatus caused by a dispute over 
anti-terrorism measures, a French of- 
ficial said Monday. 

The accord was a compromise in winch 
Air Algerie agreed to move to Charles de 
Gaulle airport from Orly on fee coodmon 
it be allowed to operate from Terminal 1. 
France wanted fee airline to operate out of 
the more remote Terminal 9. 

The agreement, initially denied by 
France last week, was reached “on the 
basis of discussions between Algerian 
and French experts," fee Foreign Min- 
istry said. 

Swiss Hotel Bookings 
At Lowest Since 1965 

BERN (AFP) — Reservations at 
Swiss hotels fell to their lowest level last 
year since 1965, tbe federal statistics 
bureau announced. 

Fewer local people and foreign tour- 
ists stayed at Swiss hotels, against a 
backdrop of poor domestic economic 
growth, strength of the Swiss currency, 
more attractive vacation offers else- 
where and growing demand for long- 
distance destinations. Some 29.7 mil- 
lion nights were paid for in 1996, 4.8 
percent fewer than in 1995. 

Estonians and Finns will be able to 
travel between their two countries with- 
out a visa starting May 1. Half of fee 
200,000 visas issued last year by Es- 
tonia’s consular representatives abroad 
were issued by the Estonian Embassy in 
Helsinki, the Baltic News Service 

said. (AP) 

Alitalia has decided to caned its 
Tooloose-Lyon-MBan service begin- 
ning April 1, tbe Toulouse Chamber of 
Commerce and Industry said The de- 
cision was made after Aft France and 
Alitalia agreed on an exchange of block 
seating between fee two compa- 
nies. (AFX) 

An 11 -day strike by Culture Min- 
istry employees at the Aeropofis is 
illegal, a court in Athens ruled Monday, 
but union officials said tbe work stop- 
page would continue anyway. (AFP) 

Air New Zealand said Monday it- 
would end its Tasman Air Share agree- 
ment with Qantas Airlines be ginning 
May 1. The code-sharing agreement 
was introduced in 1991. (AFP) 


The Associated Press 

KINSHASHA, Zaire — Nine senior 
officers of fee Zairian armed forces have 
defected and intend to join the rebels in 
eastern Zaire, they said Monday. 

The officers were among those who 
were leading tire army when Goma and 
Bukavu, key cities on tbe eastern border 
wife Rwanda, fell to Laurent Kabila's 
Alliance of Democratic Forces for-fee 
liberation of Congo-Zaire last falL 

Tbe officers said they had been called 
back to tbe capitaL Kinshasa, and trad 
been suspected of supporting tbe rebels. 
They recently fled across (he Zaire River 
to Brazzaville, fee capital of neighboring 
Congo. 

“We’re here in transit,” said a former 
colonel who would only give his sur- 
name, Anti. “Our goal is to rejoin tbe 
front in the east and come to the aid of the 
commander of the liberation army, Mr. 
Kabila.” 

The Defense Ministry said that Ka- 
lima, a mining town about 290 kilo- 
meters (180 miles) south of Kisangani, 


came under rebel control Saturday. The 
rebel advance prompted more than 
25,000 refugee$ who had taken refuge in 
Kalima to flee into tire forest 
Most of fee refugees are Rwandan 
Hutu who have been cm the road since 
tire 1994 Hum-orchestrated slaughter of 
a half-million Rwandan Tutsi. 

The UN High Commissioner for 
Refugees said Monday it was attempt- 
ing to secure permission from the Zairi- 
an Army to fly over the region in an 
attempt to find fee refugees. 

Refugee workers fear the rebels will 
next attack the 160,000 people in the 
Tingi-Tingi refugee camp, 240 kilome- 
ters southeast of Kisangani Mr. Kabila 
has asserted that the Zairian government 
Iras armed former Rwandan Hutu sol- 
diers and militiamen among fee 
at fee camp. 

liond Anti said feat among his eight 
colleagues, there were three colonels, 
two majors and two captains. He said 
.hundreds of other superior officers and 
rank-and-file soldiers had defected and 


were in the Lower Zaire region to aid tbe 
rebels. 

He said there were numerous reasons 
why they had defected, including low 
morale, years of low wages and dismal 
living conditions. But what demoralized 
tire senior officers most, he said, was the 
two-tiered army command, one from the 
armed forces, another from a group of 
“underground” commanders who were 
from President Mobutu Sese Seko's own 
ethnic group, causing dissension arid 
chaos in the leadership of the army. V 

Diplomatic efforts to bring lire two 
sides together in South Africa stalled 
over die weekend. President Nelson 
Mandela said Monday, however, that 
African leaders could meet wife Mar- 
shal Mobutu in a regional summit meet- 
ing scheduled for March 19. 

A “great deal of progress” was being 
made, Mr. Mandela said. He would apt 
comment when asked if envoys of the 
Zairian government and Mr. Kabila had 
met face-to-face in Cape Town overtbe 
weekend, as reported. 


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Primed by Nevsfdt IniemtaiotiaL London, Registered as a newspaper at the past office. 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


CVnfiiW by Our SugFnm Oapexha 

;■ NEW YORK — A shooting spree by a 
~ Palestinian who earned a semiauto matic 
handgun onto the observation deck of die 
. Empire State Building was apparently a 
_ random attack and not a terrorist act, the 
authorities said on Monday. 

. The gunman, identified as A li Abu 
. Kama), 69, killed a young rock musician 
' from Denmark and wounded six other 
_ persons before taking his own life on 
Sunday. 

“So far, there is no connection to a 
_ terrorist group, no other incident after 
that, no threat before," Mayor Rudolph 
Giuliani of New York City said, “ft will 
_ have to be investigated but as it’s being 
investigated, people shouldn't jump to 
that conclusion." 

Law enforcement sources said the 
" police investigation had tentatively con- 
cluded the shooting was a random act of 
violence, bat they cautioned that the 
. inquiry had yet to be completed. 

_ ■ Relatives in the Gaza Strip said Mr. 
Abu Kama! was distraught over losing 
• more than $300,000 in savings and had 
, no ties to Palestinian radical groups. ■ 

.. The Empire State Building, which 
; opened, in .1931, is one of New York 
City's top tourist attractions. The ob- 
. servation deck was closed Monday as 
the authorities moved immediately to 
install metal detectors. Detectors nave 
“ long been put in many buildings in New 
York City, from its most famous land- 
marks to high schools. 

A building security camera tape was 
turned over to police, said an Empire 
State Building spokesman, Howard 


RubensteitL The tape shows the gunman 
on the way up to the observation deck. 

"He was wearing a long coat,' 1 Mr. 
Rubenstein said. “The gun was not vis- 
ible, and presumably it was hidden un- 
der his coat." 

The gunman fatally shot a Danish 
musician in his 20s. The wounded were 
a Connecticut man who played in die 
same rock group, a 52-year-old Argen- 
tine man. a 30-year-old Swiss man. a 
35-year old New York man and a mar- 
ried couple from Verdun, Fiance. 

The police said the gunman died 
without regaining consciousness in a 
New York hospital about six hours later. 
Three of the wounded were in critical 
condition Monday, and three others se- 
rious but stable, hospital officials said. 

Several others were injured in the 
pandemonium that broke out. after the 
shooting on the 86th floor observation 
deck, which was crowded with tourists 
on a sonny Sunday afternoon. 

The attack was die worst bloodshed at 
the 102-story building since July 1945, 
when a B-25 bomber lost in fog crashed 
into the 79th floor,killing J.4 people and 
injuring 26 others. 

. Officials said tine gunman was car- 
rying documents from the. Palestinian 
Authority that showed be lived in 
Ramallah on the West Bank and was 
born in Jaffa. He came to New York in 
December and bought a 380-caliber 
Beretta in Florida at the end of January. 
Police said a receipt for the gun was 
found wt his body. 

Relatives of Mr. Abu Kama! erected a 
white mourning tent outside his one- 


Milwaukee Forces Up School Standards 

, City Breaks Ground With Test Aimed at Ending ‘Culture of Mediocrity 5 


By Rene Sanchez 
. W'mftingtwi Service 

MILWAUKEE — Two 
years ago, this city’s strug- 

- fling public schools 
■ scrapped a multiple-choice 

test they had used since the 
late 1970s to as- _____ 
; sess students in 
math and decided 
‘ the rime had 
come to do 
' something bold. 

They created a 

- radically new test 
’ with a rule still 
; rare in U.S. 
r .schools: Students 
" who failed it would not 

graduate. The test stressed 
_ word problems describing 
real-life situations, ft forced 
students to apply math cob- 
_cepts. think analytically and 
-show their work. Officials 
.worried the passing rate 
might be low. 

It was much worse. Of the 
first Milwaukee high school 
students who took the test — 
black and white, rich and 
poor — 79 percent failed. 
Many of them apparently 
were so stumped by the prob- 
lems they turned in exams 
that were virtually blank. 

“We were really thrown 
by the results," said Cynthia 
Ellwood, director of educa- 
tional services for Milwau- 
kee’s public schools. "We 
■knew having higher stan- 
dards was going to take hard 
-work, but we never realized 
-just how much until then." 

: There are few ideas in 
American education as mo- 
mentous now as forcing 
schools to require more of 
"Students, then judging what 
they know with rests that 
have serious consequences 
. for those who fail. Those two 
tasks stand as the most fun- 
-damental and often the most 
difficult of any facing school 
districts strivingto escape the 
culture of mediocrity many 
-educators say still pervades 
U.S. classrooms. 


President Bill Clinton is 
vowing to make higher aca- 
demic standards a corner- 
stone of his second term. He 
is calling for national tests in 
reading and math. Many 
states also are revamping 
their curricula and exams to 


There are few ideas as momentous 
as pushing schools to require more 
of students, then judging what they 
know with tests that have serious 
consequences for those who fail. 


bring more rigor to classes. 
But much of that work is new 
or still taking shape, and 
whether it makes a difference 
is an open question. 

In Milwaukee, schools 
already are wrestling with the 
hard truths of having higher 
standards. The city's tumul- 
tuous battle over the past few 
years to demand much more 
of students in math offers a 
revealing illustration of the 
perils and rewards that soon 
may confront many other 
school districts nationwide. 

“Everyone wants high 
standards, but when schools 
get serious about it, they tend 
to get a cold splash in the 
face," said Diane Ravitch. a 
research scholar at New York 
University who was assistant 
secretary of education in the 
Bush aebninistration. "What 
they risk finding is that an 
extraordinary number of kids 
do not measure up.” 

To many students here, 
that discovery has been quite 
painful. Jimise Foreman, a 
Uni or at Pulaski High School 
in Milwaukee, has one last 
chance to pass the math test, 
and time is short. Her gradu- 
ation is looming this spring, 
and she has big plans. Maybe 
a career as a nurse, she says, 
or a good job on the local 
police force. • 

But until she and hundreds 
of other students pass, they 


are not going anywhere. 
"We never had to do any- 
thing like tins before," she 
said. "I don’t think we were 
prepared. But I’m trying to 
work harder." 

Milwaukee’s first test re- 
sults provoked a huge uproar. 

The school sys- 
tem had revised 
math lessons and 
remained teach- 
ers to lay ground- 
work for the test, 
and had warned 
the community 
that standards 
were being 
raised. 

But many parents and stu- 
dents were shocked and furi- 
ous. The school board nearly 
retreated Faced with the hu- 
so many student there was 
even talk of creating two kinds 
of diplomas — one far those 
who passed the math test and 
one for those who did not. 

But after a few months of 
reflection, something unusu- 
al happened: Instead of just 
blaming the test, some school 
leaders started blaming 
themselves. Teachers 

seemed more . willing to 
change their classroom 

habits. High schools started 
after-school and Saturday tu- 
toring sessions in math. The 
city shifted funds to help. 
Churches and businesses 
donated school supplies and 
volunteered tutors. 

Six months later, when die 
efty gave the same test to the 
same students a gain, 55 per- 
cent of them passed The tally 
keeps improving. 

"The _ failure was so 
massive, it actually helped,* ’ 
said Derek Brewer, who 
helps coordinate tutoring 
programs for die school sys- 
tem. "Maybe for the first 
time, adults had to ask them- 
selves. ‘Do we really think 
these kids can do it?"’ 

Pressure to improve school 
standards has been growing 
across the nation (faring this 


decade — from parents who 
want diplomas to have more 
value and from business lead- 
ers desperate to hire more 
skilled workers. Shifts in the 
job market are making 
prowess in reading and m a th 
ever more important. 

Some states areal work on 
the issue. Leaders in subjects 
such as math and science also 
have recently created nation- 
al guidelines for what stu- 
dents should know. The Clin- 
ton adminis tration has joined 
the effort with its Goals 2000 
program, which gives states 
money to strengthen cur- 
ricula and train teachers. 

But there is widespread 
concern that schools stul are 
not making many strides. 
U.S. students still tend to post 
mediocre scores in math and 
science when matched 
a gainst their peers in many 
other nations, in reading, the 
record is even more dismal. 


High Court Blocks Term-Limit Bid 

Justices Let Stand Ruling Against State Voter Initiative 


■ _ Andy UnWThr Aoodued ftw 

.Paramedics wheeling (me of the vic tims to an ambulance after the shooting spree at the Empire State Building. 

Terrorism Unlikely in N.Y. Shootings 

{After Killing 1 and Wounding 6, Distraught Gunman Took Own Life 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Supreme 
Court handed a setback Monday to sup- 
porters of mandatory term limits for 
members of Congress by turning away a 
case involving a voter initiative in 
Arkansas. 

The justices, without comment, let 
stand a ruling feat invalidated die ballot 
initiative, one that is similar to those 
approved by voters in eight other states 
in November. 

The Arkansas measure called on the 
state’s legislators and members of Con- 
gress to do all within their power to win 
ratification of a proposed amendment 


Thousands 
Lose Food 
Stamps as 
Law Kicks In 



story home in the seaside Rimal district 
of Gaza City. His daughter, Linda Abu 
Samra, 35, said she could not believe that 
her father, an English teacher for nearly 
50 years, would resort to violence. 

“I’m in shock. I can’t believe my 
father carried out this act," she said, 
crying. 

The man’s son-in-law, Marwan Abu 
Samra, said Mr. Abu Kama! was a quiet 
man and had no ties to militant groups. 

In fact, he had been a victim of Is- 
lamic vigilantes. In 1992, he was kid- 
napped by Islamic Jihad members and 
beaten. Graffiti signed by die group at 
the time accused him of smoking 
hashish, drinking alcohol and violating 
the laws of Islam. 

Mr. Abu Samra said his father-in-law 
left for the United States on Sept 1, and 
spent time in Miami and New York. He 
said Mr. Abu Kamal planned to invest his 
savings in tire United States and even- 
tually bring over his entire family. 

But he called home Sunday and said 
be had financial problems and could not 
send tuition money to one son who is 
studying civil engjneeringin Russia, the 
son-jn-law said He said he believed his 
father-in-law was distraught over losing 
his life’s savings^ ..... . 

“He was going to the Stales to invest 
some money," his son-in-law said. "I 
think a man that age cannot accept that 
he lost more than $300,000 after 50 
years of work. ” Relatives said Mr. Abu 
Kama! worked as a teacher and had had 
a lucrative side business as a private 
tutor. They would not say how he lost 
the money. (Reuters, AP) 


WASHINGTON — Tens of thou- 
sands of unemployed Americans have 
started losing food stamps, a result of 
one the most controversial provisions of 
the new welfare law. By year's end. an 
estimated one milli on people will have 
been affected by the measure, marking 
the largest cut in the 35-year history of 
die food stamp p rogram. 

Under die new policy, able-bodied 
adults without children or jobs can re- 
ceive food stamps for just three months 
in any three-year period. 

The first wave of those recipients hit 
the three-month deadline Saturday, 
meaning they have received their last 
allotment of food stamps, a benefit 
worth $120 a month for a single adult. 

Of those affected by the provision, 40 
percent are women and one-third are 
aged 40 or older, according to the gov- 
ernment. People above 50 are not af- 
fected. 

The food stamp program, which 
provides assistance to 25 milli on Amer- 
icans, has long been viewed as die na- 
tion's most basic safety net Now, food 

g ntries across the country arc bracing 
r a spike In demand as those losing 
benefits go through their remaining 
food supplies. 

• "We are encouraging people not to 
panic, but this is extremely serious, and 
they need to take advantage of every 
opportunity to work that is available," 
said Yvette Jackson, a deputy admin- 
istrator at the Department of Agricul- 
ture. 

She said that President Bill Clinton 
had proposed softening the impact and 
that states were “working in earnest” to 
find jobs or workfare slots for food 
stamp recipients. 

Nevertheless, the news has fait hard in 
communities in every state, particularly 
since this is the first 


to have benefits cut off I 
new federal welfare law. 

"I think mine’s going to be cut off 
this coming month," said DuWayne 
Jones, an unemployed factory worker in 
Duluth, Minnesota, who walked into an 
emergency food pantry to ask for help. 

Mr. Jones has been out of work since 
the summer, when he broke a finger 
working in a recycling plant. “It’s hard 
to find a job here. There s no good work 
that I’m qualified for." 

The food stamp provisions prompted 
a bitter debase when they were proposed 
as one of several new measures re- 
quiring weak from those receiving gov- 
ernment assistance. 

The provisions and other changes in 
the program are critical as a cost-saving 
measure, supplying half the projected 
$54 billion in savings from the welfare 
bill over the next five years. 

In his budget, Mr. Clinton proposed 
that those who can demonstrate that 
they are looking for work should con- 
tinue to receive benefits. 

Republicans in Congress, however, 
do not appear ready to modify the law. 

"It’s not unreasonable to ask able- 
bodied adults to either participate in a 
workfare program, job training or part- 
time employment," said a spokesman 
for Representative Robert Ney, who 

^^r^CTtative JolmKasidtu both Ohio 
Republicans. 


limiting service to 12 years in the U.S. 
Senate and 6 in the House. 

The House rejected such a proposed 
amendment Feb. 13, and the Senate is 
unlikely to resurrect it. 

S imilar propositions won approval in 
Alaska. Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Mis- 
souri, Nebraska, Nevada and Sooth 
Dakota. Each measure required those 
states' congressional members to push 
for a vote that would send the proposed 
amendment to state legislatures for rat- 
ification. Court challenges are being 
waged in Idaho. Maine. Missouri and 
Nebraska. 

Backers of the Arkansas measure had 
hoped that the Supreme Court would 
use that case to remove any doubts 
about the validity of such steps. 

The court dealt a devastating blow to 
term-limits backers in 1995, when it 
ruled that states could not limit service 
in Congress without amending the Con- 
stitution. Twenty-three states had taken 
such steps. 

The 1995 decision also said Congress 
could not impose term limits for its own 
members by merely enacting a law. 

The Arkansas Supreme Court ruled 
that the proposal, called Amendment 9, 
violated the federal Constitution's re- 
quirement that all amendment-making 
efforts originate in Congress or in the 
state legislatures. 

That ruling subsequently was chal- 
lenged in appeals by a g rou p called 


Arkansas Term Limits and the state, rep- 
resented by Attorney General Winston 
Bryant. The state's appeal, acted <jn 
Monday , said the Arkansas court’s ruling 
“wrongly limits the role of the people in 
our federal scheme." 

Arkansas Term Limits' appeal said 
the lower-court ruling would deprive 
Arkansans “of their right to instruct 
their elected (and would-be) represen- 
tatives on their views concerning U.S. 
congressional term limits." 

Opponents of Amendment 9 urged 
the justices to reject the appeals. 

In other action, the court made these 
decisions: 

• It agreed to decide in a case fro pi 
Washington whether prosecutors can be 
sued for allegedly making false state- 
ments when seeking arrest warrants. _ 

• It rejected an appeal by a Texas 
policeman who said he was unfairly 
denied a promotion because he had had 
an affair with a fellow officer's wife — 
herself a police employee. 

• It agreed to hear a government ap- 
peal aimed at warding off new restric- 
tions on who may join federally 
chartered credit unions. The Clinton ad- 
ministration argues that a lower-court 
ruling misinterpreted federal law. 

• It agreed to use an Illinois case to 
decide whether citizen lawsuits could 
seek penalties against companies that 
miss the deadline to report weir use of 
hazardous chemicals. 


POLITICAL 


Suspect Logic Hurts 
Budget Amendment 

WASHINGTON — In his battle 
against a constitutional amendment to 
balance the budget. President Bill 
Clinton has discovered the political 
equivalent of a magic bullet: an ar- 
gument dial links the proposal to voter 
anxieties about Social Security. 

Mr. Clinton and his aides have un- 
dercut congressional support for the 
amendment this year wife repeated 
warnings that it would pose “grave 
risks'’ to the popular benefit program 
by allowing — and perhaps forcing 
— the courts or future presidents to 
make sudden, huge cuts in Social 
Security payments to maintain budget 
balance. 

But many constitutional scholars 
and budget experts — including a 
substantial number who oppose the 
balanced budget amendment for other 
reasons — say the administration's 
Social Security warnings are over- 
blown. 

Mr. Clinton is relying on “bogey- 
man' arguments devised to scare 
people and prevent them from fb- 
cusurgm fee merits of the issue, "said 
Thomas Baker, a constitutional law 
specialist at Texas Tech University. 

Recipients “should worry more 
about fee danger of an asteroid falling 
on the Social Security Administration 
building than about fee danger of fee 
courts’ ordering a reduction in their 
benefits," said Mark Tushnett, a con- 
stitutional law specialist at Geor- 
getown University. 

Administration officials have 
played the Social Security card in 
conjunction with other objections to 
fee amendment But as the prospect of 
congressional action on fee measure 
draws closer, fee Social Security ar- 
gument has assumed new prominence 
in fee White House attack. 

Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin, 
who almost never mentioned fee 
amendment’s threat to Social Security 
during previous congressional debates, 
now cites such dangers regularly. 


The proposed amendment * ‘could 
force fee Treasury secretary to cut 
Social Security, or drive fee budget 
into fee courts of law when a deficit 
occurred," Mr. Clinton warned in his 
weekly radio address over the week- 
end. (WP) 

Democrat Supports 
Probe of Own Party 

WASHINGTON — Senator Rus- 
sell Feingold of Wisconsin, a leading 
Democratic proponent of campaign 
finance reform, has called for ap- 
pointment of an independent counsel 
to investigate recent political fund- 
raising practices. 

“Regrettably. I think we've come 
to the point where, under the dis- 
cretionary powers of the attorney gen- 
eral, we probably do have to go to a 
special counsel," he told a television 
interviewer. 

Mr. Feingold is co-sponsor wife 
Senator John McCain, Republican of 
Arizona, of a bill to overhaul cam- 
paign finance. 

The Justice Department so far has 
rejected Republican calls for an in- 
dependent counsel to look into ques- 
tionable campaign contributions to 
the Democratic National Committee, 
particularly those from foreign 
sources. 

The former Reform Party presiden- 
tial candidate, Ross Perot, and former 
Senator Bill Bradley, Democrat of 
New Jersey, joined Mr. Feingold in 
saying on fee program that an in- 
dependent counsel was warranted. 
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 
Democrat of New York, said last week 
that he would support such a move. 

The White House declined to com- 
ment. (WP) 

Quote! Unquote 

Senator John Glenn. 75, on his im- 
pending retirement from the Senate: 

‘ ‘One immutable fact remains: There 
is still no cure for the common birth- 
day." (AP) 


Away From 
Politics 

• Vandals have desecrated the Lin- 
coln Tomb, spray-painting swastikas 
and obscenities on the walls of the 
observation deck and fee bust of the 
president at the entrance of the 
Springfield, Illinois, memorial. (AP) 

• More money is bong spent m the 
United States building prisons than 
building universities, according to an 
analysis of state and federal budget 
priorities. State government ex- 
penditures on prisons rose 30 percent 
from 1987 to 1995 as spending on 


higher education fell 18 percent, the 
research and advocacy organization 
Justice Policy Institute found. (WP) 

• The air force has launched a Ti- . 

tan 4B, its newest, strongest rocket, 
with a satellite for detecting enemy 
missiles. The 20-story, unmanned 
rocket blasted off from Cape Canav- 
eral Air Station in Florida. ( APy 

• Flooding along the rain-swollen 

Rock River forced hundreds to flee 
their homes in Illinois, while resi- 
dents along the Illinois River pre- 
pared for a possible evacuation. Erie, 
Illinois, was mostly dry, but officials 
said Rock River was covering 15.000 
surrounding acres. (AP) 


International 

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Education Directory 
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Business Message Center 
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Saturday 
Arts and Antiques 

Flos over 300 hea&nep m International Classified 
Monday uxroreh Saturday 
For further udormatkm conlact Fred Honan in Paris: 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 

ASIA/PACIFIC 


Beijing Seals Off Students’ Means of Protest in 




By Seth Faison 

New for* Tumi Service 


BEIJING — At the Triangle, the three-sided 
intersection on die campus of Beijing University 
whore student posters ignited the democracy 
movement of 1989, there is no free space on the 
bulletin boards. 

As students returned to campus forciasses that 
resumed Monday after the Chinese New Year 
holiday break, they found the area coveted with 
official tributes ana photographs of Deng Xiaop- 
ing, who died Wednesday. 

Long black banners proclaimed: “Eternal 
Glory to Beloved Comrade Deng Xiaoping” and 

and TeadiasW§IAJways ^ememberYou.” 
'On the spot where, in 1989, handwritten 
posters pushed free speech to a chaotic but 


, die commemorations of Mr. Deng 
axe neat and orderly , put up by university officials 
to preempt any student initiative mat might 
threaten Beijing’s precarious political calm. 

Uniformed [guards patrolled the area, ready to 
protect the official version of history from any 
challenge, no matter how small. 

Student movements have been at the crest of 
political change in China in this century, and 
student activity is a sensitive barometer in any 
period of transition. Beijing University was a 
hotbed of radical politics at the outset of the 
Cultural Revolution in 1966 and was the in- 
cubator of the democracy movement in 1989, as 
the authorities are well aware. 

But the passing of Mr. Deng is provoking little 
reaction from students, because China’s new 
leaders are so concerned that any spontaneous 
political expression could spark unrest that they 


are taking extensive measures to prevent it So 
far, there seems to be little to worry about 


“No one thinks it would achieve anything,' 

af Frea 


said Xiao Nan, a second-year student of French. 
“Whenever I tiy talking to my classmates about 
issues of national interest they tell me to mind 
my own business and study.” 

Sitting in his dorm room, with six bunks 
crammed between bookshelves, crisscrossing 
clotheslines and a Brooke Shields poster, he said 
students typically spent free time playing com- 
puter games car discussing how to make money. 

It was this dormitory. Building 28, that student 
leaders like Wang Dan and Chai Ling made their 
headquarters in 1989, leaving the halls a mess of 
mimeographed pamphlets and independent news- 
letters. The interior is now kept relatively neat 
“It’s IMS that every one is so happy,” Mr. Xiao 

said. “But even a small action would be blocked 


immediately, so we all know than is no point in 

trying.” ' 

l December. Mr. Xiao said, be and a class- 

mate tried to organize a burning of a Japanese 
flag to commemorate Japan’s wartime atrocities 
jfrT rhiiia, but unrvessfty officials stopped them. 
The Mmft would probably happen now. he said. 

DuringMr. Deng’s memorial servioeToesday^ 
a university official said, classes are to be sus- 
pended ana television sets placed all over campus 

for students to watch. The central authorities 
have instructed the university to make sure that 
every set works, he said, so that no student can 
use the excuse of being unable to watch the 
televised service to go oat and stir unrest 
The univ ersity’s security forces, propaganda 
department and president’s office are on 24-hour 
alert, be in case any disturbances arise. 

“Ifmy unauthorized posters go iq), they will be 


t* i«»n down immediately,” said the official, who 
y ppVft on the condition that he not be identified. 

- For authorities nervous about student reaction, 
it is a consolation ihat Mr.; Drag died during 
school vacation, giving officials time to 

Many ordinary Chinese fear that Mr. D 

is die kind of event that may spark dig 

At the Triangle, one wall of bulletin boards 
was covered' with front pages from a dozes 


A youngman nodded at a picture of] 
swimminginJuly 1989, one numtiiaftiermderiDg 
the brutal suppression of the democracy move- 
ment in Beijing, where hundreds of unamyd 
civilians werekflled near Tiananmen Square, y. 

“Acting as though nothing were wrong,” his 
said. • 


>?■ ' 


China’s Course in the Post-Deng Era 


As ambassador to China from 1985 to 
■1989 and assistant secretary of state for 
East Asian and Pacific Affairs during the 
first Clinton term, Winston Lord has been 


Q &A /Winston Lord 


an architect of US. China policy. He 
of the In- 


spoke with Brian Knowlton 
(emotional Herald Tribune about how 
China is likely to evolve in the months 
and years after the death of Deng Xiaop- 
ing. 

Q. China has been preparing the post- 
Deng transition fora few years now, but 
does that mean it will be smooth? 

A. We have to separate out two peri- 
ods of transition: the immediate one of 
the next few months, leading up to the 
autumn Patty Congress — all indica- 
tions are that it should go quite smoothly 
— and, more fundamentally, what hap- 
pens in the years after that. I think the 
collective leadership led by Jiang Zemin 
seems quite secure for the time being. 


will be whether there is a re-exam- 
ination of the verdict on Tiananmen 
Square. It is currently labeled a coun- 
terrevolutionary riot But I’m convinced 
they will rewrite history again and call it 
whailt was: a great patriotic movement. 
Those most closely associated with the 
massacre would obviously oppose such 
a rewriting and would be damaged by it, 
whereas reform-minded Chinese would 
profit. 


Q. What indicators should we be 
watching? 

A. Among the indicators is what hap- 
pens to Premier Li Peng — what tide 
and position of power be holds after die 
Party Congress. Under the constitution, 
he has to give up the premiership after 
two terms. 

- Another sign is whether Jiang Zemin 
resurrects the tide of party chairman — 
whether he is able to puli that off, or 
whether his colleagues feel he has 
enough titles. 

In the next few years, a crucial issue 


Q. Would you expect China to beabir 
more inward-looking during this period, 
or could this be a time of saber-rat- 
tling? 

A. The two main preoccupations for 
’97 in China will be. first, the reversion 
of Hong Kong on July 1, and second, the 
Party Congress in October. There will 
be an effort to project normalcy, con- 
tinuity and reassurance to the outside 
world. I would not expect aggressive- 
ness on the international scene. 

Q. The statement from the funeral 
committee made note of the fact that 
Deng’s death was being mourned by 


Inner Mongolia. On the whole, 
however. China does not face the 
dangers of a breakup that the former 
Soviet Union did Over 90 percent of the 
people are Han Chinese; there is a 
strong sense of Chinese nationalism; 
and most of the country’s territory has 
been part of the Chinese empire for a 
very long time. 

Q. A few years ago you predicted that 
once Deng died “we’re going to see a 
major move towards a more pragmatic 
and reformist government, a move to- 
wards a more pluralistic, if not demo- 
cratic. system. Do yon still think so? 

A. I think tins will dearly happen. 
I’m not predicting it will take puce 
immediately, bat those will be the trends 
over foe medium term. 



BRIEFLY 


Winston Lord 


Q. Do you expect the Hong Kong 
handover to proceed as it would have 


j leople of all ethnic backgrounds. This 


lows ethnic rioting in the Far West. 
Will ethnic troubles affect the transi- 
tion? 

A. There are some specific, serious 
ethnic problems, most notably in Tibet, 
foe Muslim areas of the Far West, and 


had Deng not died? 

A. I think the jury is out on Hong 
Kong’s future. China has every incent- 
ive to make sure Hong Kong remains 
prosperous — there are huge economic 
stakes, the impact on Taiwan, and 
China's international reputation. But 
the real question is whether Beijing un- 
derstands what is required to make. 
Hong Kong flourish — that you can’t 
wall off foe economic system from die 
political system. 


Q. Has U.S. policy gotten too soft on 
China? Is it exaggerating the fragility of 
China, or worrying too much about its 
own financial stake in China’s future? 

A. I don’t believe so. It is important to 
be firm in our beliefs and values. 

The engagement policy is the correct 
one, but it does not mean appeasement 
or naivete. Engagement means cooper- 
ation and tough negotiation. It also 
means speaking oat forcefully on hu- 
man rights, enforcing trade and non- 
proliferation agreements with the threat 
of sanctions, sending aircraft carriers 
into the Taiwan Strait, and maintaining 
our alliances and our Pacific force 
levels. 


Patten Fears Chaos 
Over Legal System 


HONG KONG — China’s plan to 
change more than 20 Hong Kong 
laws, including human rights legis- . 
lation, will create legal coofusioa and 
doubt about the territory’s freedoms 
and autonomy, the Hong Kong gov- 
ernor, Chris Patten, said Monday. 

Among the territory’s laws that the 
Chinese legislature voted Sunday to 
scrap or ffng nd include the umbrella 
Bill of Rights and the freedoms of 
association and assembly. The de- 
cision will take effect July 1, when 
China takes over Hong Kong again. 

“There can be no illusions about 
the consequences of this decision,” 
Mr. Patten said. He added that the 
decision “casts doubt on foe 
freedoms and autonomy” of Hong 
Kong and ’ ’will cause legal confusion 
and invite legal challenge.” (AFP) 


Information Minister Aixtir Khan ■; 
Mtttaqi said the aid workers were 
.“being interrogated to see what 
crimes have been committed.” 

The two employees of Action 
Against Hunger, Frederic Michel and 
Jose Daniel Llorente, and four of their 4 
local staff, have been held since Fri- 


day by the Islamic Taleban militia. 
Witnesses said Taleban soldiers 


entered the organization's residence ^ 
and arrested some of the staff. They 
also searched foe residence and re- 
moved cameras, photographs, com- 
pact discs and magazines. ( Reuters ) 


Seoul to Restart Talks 
On Northern Defector 


Taleban Interrogates 
French Aid Workers 


KABUL — The case of two French 
aid workers detained in Afghanistan 
for “immoral deeds” has been re- 
ferred to tile attorney general, a Tale- 
ban minister said Monday. 


SEOUL — South Korea will re- 
sume talks with China this week on 
ensuring safe passage for a North 
Korean defector seeking asylum in 
South Korea, the Foreign Ministry 
said Monday. 

Hwang Jang Yop, 74, the hL 
ranking Norfo Korean ever to flee the 
Communist country, took refuge in 
foe South Korean consulate in Beijing 
on Feb. 1Z Negotiations bad been 
suspended because of the death last 
week of China’s senior leader, Deng 
Xiaoping, but talks will resume after a 
memorial sendee Tuesday, foe min- 
istry said (AP) 


■- A 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 

EUROPE 


•■■■ It, 


Cloning Animals Offers a Shortcut in Making New Drugs 


By Lawrence M. Fisher 

. Nn w Yiwi Times Service 

Leaving aside the science fiction 
scenarios and ethical debates, the first 
products to emerge from the remarkable 
cloning of an adult' sheep by British 
researchers will probably be animals 
“^pnserve as drug factories. 

PPL Therapeutics PLC. a small bio- 
technology company based in Edin- 
burgh, has the rights to the technology 
developed at the Roslin Institute for the 
production of genetically altered mam- 
mals mat could produce therapeutic pro- 
teins in their milk. Patents have been 
applied for. The institute retains all ag- 
ricultural rights. 

Although the Roslin Institute's lamb 
is ordinary in every respect but its con- 
ception, scientists could easily clone 
animals genetically engineered to pro- 
duce pharmacologically useful proteins 
m their milk. Dr. Ron James, managin g 
director of PPL, said in a telephone 
interview. This would be more efficient 
than the current process of cultivating 


genetically altered yeast, bacteria or 
mammalian cells. 


or transgenic, animals to produce drugs, 
os does the Genzyme Transgenics unit 
of Genzyme Corp., based in Framing- 
ham, Massachusetts. But in both cases 
the gene that will prompt production of 

the protein is added to cells at 

an early stage of development 1 
Only some cells take up the 6 If y 
genes and produce the protein . J 
efficiently, so the results, both Sliee 

in terms of the animals pro- 

duced and the amount of protein from 
each animal, are inconsistent. 

By current methods, “to get a trans- 
genic animal, you have to try and tty and 
try, and it’s a probability game, said 
Viren Mehta, a biotechnology analyst 
with Mehta & Isaly. “Here, u you suc- 
ceed in making that transgenic cloned 
sheep, you are essentially home free. 
You just keep making them.'' 

But Dr. James said the cloning of the 
sheep was “repeatable, reproducible 
science.'* He said the company and its 


ria or collaborators at the Roslin Institute had Shares of PPL closed unchanged 
already cloned seven sheep, including Monday at 335 pence (55.43) on the 
Itered, three different breeds from three dif- London Stock Exchange, 
drugs, ferent cell types, although just one of PPL has about 120 employees in Ed- 
s unit these was from an adult cell. The tech- inburgh, with 20 at its American sub- 
min g- nology is equally applicable to pigs, sidiary, PPL Therapeutics, in Virginia, 
cases goats, rabbits, indeed any mammal. and five in New Zealand, 
ion of Dr. James said the company could A PPL drug produced by transgenic 

sheep, an alpha- 1 antitrypsin 
■ " ~~ protein that inhibits the en- 

6 If yon succeed in making that cloned zyme elastase, is in the first 
. .i i . 7 phase of human clinical trials 

sheep, yon just keep making them.’ f or ^ting cy Stic fibr osis. 


able of secreting pharmacologically 
useful proteins in their milk within two 
years. These will give more consistent 
levels of protein than do current trans- 
genic animals, he said. 

“ Also, instead of producing just one, 
we could produce half a dozen females 
at a time, making sure we could produce 
enough proteins to go into clinical tri- 
als,” he said. Drugs from these trials, if 
successful, would be about a decade 
away. 


phase of human clinical Dials 
for treating cystic fibrosis. 

Phase one trials demonstrate 

safety of a new drug; efficacy and dos- 
ing are established in the second and 
thud phases. 

In October, Genzyme completed 
phase one trials of its first transgenically 
derived drug, antithrombin 3, a protein 
involved in the blood-clotting process 
that is normally derived from plasma 
but that the company produced in the 
milk of genetically altered goats. Gen- 
zyme said safety was demonstrated in 
healthy patients who were given clinical 
dosages well above those expected to 


show efficacy. The market for the drug 
is about 5200 million a year. 

Transgenically derived proteins 
should be safer than blood-derived 
products, because they will not be sub- 
ject to the theoretical risk of transmis- 
sion of viruses, including HIV and hep- 
atitis. They should also be less costly 
than biotechnology drugs produced by 
fermentation because one large mam- 
mal can produce far more protein in her 
milk than the vast colonies of cells 
needed for currem processes. Biotech- 
nology industry analysts say these could 
substantially increase the market for 
therapeutic proteins, currently $7.6 bil- 
lion a year and expected to grow to 
S18.5 billion by 2000. 

The ability to clone adult mammals 
could encourage the production of 
transgenic animals with organs suitable 
for transplants to humans, a solution to 
chronic organ shortages. Four small 
companies are racing to develop pigs to 
serve as organ donors for humans. Such 
cross-species operations could be com- 
mon in a decade, the companies say. 


National Front 
Aims to Scare 


Scientist Worked Hard, in Secret 

Creation of Clone Puts Spotlight on Ian Wilmut, Embryologist 


By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York Times Service 

LONDON — His hobby is walking in 
the mountains of Scotland. He relaxes 
with “a good single malt Scottish 
whisky,” and enjoys the quiet of bis 
village near Edinburgh that is “so small 
you wouldn't be able to find it in an 
atlas.'* 

But the real passion of Dr. Ian 
Wilmut, a 52-year-old embryologist at 
the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, is his 
laboratory, where he has worked the last 
23 years, laboring over his experiments 
at least nine hours a day. 

It was at the laboratory that he led a 
group of scientists in accomplishing a 
feat many others have said could never 
be done: cloning an adult mammal, a 
sheep, for the first time. Success oc- 
curred in July 1 996 when a lamb, named 
Dolly, was bom. 

The experiment had been in the mak- 
ing for some time, but full knowledge of 


its details was restricted to four sci- 
entists among a group of 1 2 researchers. 
Dr. Wilmut said secrecy had been nec- 
essary to await the first successful birth 
of a lamb. Then the group kept it quiet a 
while longer until it registered a patent 
to secure the breakthrough. 

Indeed, until Sunday, little was 
known outside the scientific community 
about Dr. Wilmut and his group. 

“We all should be joyful today,” Dr. 
Wilmut said in a telephone interview as 
he discussed the potential for altering 
pig organs so that they can be more 
readily transplanted to humans. 

“0>ur technology permits a change of 
the organs in animals, so they are less 
threatening for the human immuno- 
logy.” He predicted that pharmacolo- 
gical proteins would be produced in a 
‘ "small number of years,” creating new 
opportunities to cure humans. 

But there are disturbing possibilities 
as well. The successful experiment cre- 
ates at least die theoretical possibility 


CLONE; Science Opens a Pandora’s Box 


Continued from Page 1 

at Loyola University in Maywood, 
Illinois, cautioned dial people might not 
understand clones. While a clone would 


their work,” said Dr. Lee Silver, a bio- 
logy professor at Princeton University. 
Perhaps, he added, “the only way they 
can validate what they are doing is to say 
they are just doing it in sheep.” 


be an identical, burmuchyouhgCT.^twm ‘—-Irw experts drink that sheep or other 
of the adult, people are more than just the farm animals would be the only animals 


of the adult, people are more than just the 
sum of their genes. A clone of a human to be cloned. While cloning people is 
being, he said, would have a different illegal in Britain and several other coun- 
environment than the person whose tries, John Robertson, a law professor at 
DNA it carried and so would have to be the University of Texas at Austin who 
a different person. The clone would even studies reproductive rights and bioeth- 
have to have a different soul, he said. ics, said there were no laws against it in 

The cloning was done by Dr. Ian the United States. 

Wilmut, a 52-year-old embryologist at If such a law was passed. Dr. Silver 
the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh. Dr. said, doctors could set up clinics else- 
Wilmut announced Saturday dial he had where to offer cloning. “There’s no way 
replaced the generic material of a to scop it,” Dr. Silver said. “Borders 
sheep's egg with the DNA from an adult don’t matter.” 
sheep and created a lamb that is a clone Dr. Ronald Munson, an ethidstat the 
of die adult He is publishing his results University of Missouri at St Louis, said 
Thursday in die British journal Nature, the cloning itself was relatively simple. 

While other researchers had produced "This technology is not in principle, 
genetically identical animals by divid- pohceable,” he said. “It doesn't require 
mg embryos soon after they had been the sort of vast machines that you need 
formed by eggs and sperm. Dr. Wilmut for atom-smashing. These are relatively 
is believed to be the first to have created standard labs. That's the amazing thing 
a clone using DNA from an adult an- about all this biotechnology. It’s fim- 
imal. Until now, scientists believed that damentally quire simple.” 
once adult cells had differentiated — to One immediate implication of clon- 
become skin or eye cells, for example — - ing, Dr. Silver said, would be for genetic 
their DNA would no longer be usable to engineering: custom-tailoring genes, 
form a complete organism. Currently, scientists are unable to take a 

In an interview, Dr. Wilmut said he gene and simply add it to cells. The 
wanted to create new animals that could process of adding genes is so inefficient 
be used for medical research, and he that researchers typically have to add 
dismissed the notion of cloning humans, genes to a million cells to find one that 
“There is no reason in principle why takes them up and uses them properly, 
you couldn’t do it.” he said. Bin he That makes it very difficult to add genes 
added, “All of us would find that of- to an embryo — or a person — to correct 
fensive. ” a genetic disease or genetically enhance 

Yet, others said that might be too ghb. a person. Dr. Silver said. But now, he 
“It is so typical for scientists to say they said, “it all becomes feasible.” 
are not thinking about the implications of Because cloning had been considered 

so far-fetched, scientists had discour- 

— aged ethicists from dwelling on its im- 

tittti « m 1 I plications, said Dr. Daniel Callahan, a 

K U Jract DlOCKCu Founder of the Hastings Center, one of 

the first ethics centers. 


With Pretoria 

The Associated Press 

BRUSSELS — Spanish objections 
derailed European Union efforts Mon- 
day to speed up trade talks with South 
Africa, which remain bogged down on 
several fronts after three years of ne- 
gotiations. 

Alan EU foreign ministers meeting, 
Spain rejected a proposal to partly fold 
South Africa into a trade and aid accord 
between the Union and a fppup of 70 
African, Caribbean and Pacific nations, 
known as the ACP. 

It insisted that South Africa m ust st- 
mulcaneously conclude a free trade accord 

with the EU and separate deals on trade m 

wine and spirits ana a fishing agreement 

EU foreign ministers will return u> 
the issue in March and still hope to 
complete a deal at an April 24-25 meet- 
ing with their ACP counterparts in Lux- 
embourg. 

The size of South Africa s economy 
has made it difficult for the EU to wrap 
If into its Africa trade pact. In 1 950. 
South Africa’s exports to theEU totaled 
$9 billion, almost half die $225 billion 
of exports from the 70 ACP nations 

combined. . . , . . 

On Monday, the EU African affairs 
commissioner, Joao de Deus Puuietro. 
said South Africa had accepted qual- 
ified membership” in the EU-ACP ac- 
cord Um would deny it preferenoal ac~ 
cess to public works tenders tn Europe 
and exempts it from aid stabilizing ALP 
export products. 


In the early 1970s, “there was an 
enormous amount of discussion about 
cloning,” Dr. Callahan said, and eib- 
icists mulled over the frightening im- 
plications. But scientists dismissedthese 
discussions as idle speculation about 
impossible things, he recalled, and urged 
ethicists not to dwell cm the topic. 

“A lot of scientists got upset,” Dr. 
Callahan said. “They said that this is 
exactly the sort of thing that brings 
science inlo bad repute and you people 
should stop talking about it/’ 

In the meantime, however, cloning 
had captured the popular imagination. 
Tn his 1070 book. “Future Shock. ” Alv- 
in Toffier speculated that “cloning 
would make it possible for people to see 
themselves anew, to fill die world with 
twins of themselves.” 

Woody Allen's 1973 movie “Sleep- 
er” involved a futuristic world whose 
leader had left behind his nose for clon- 
ing purposes. A 1978 movie, “The 
Boys From Brazil.” involved a Nazi 
scheme to clone multiple Hitlers. 

But gradually, the notion disappeared 
from sight, kept alive only in the animal 
hu s bandry industry, whore companies 
saw a huge market for cloned animals 
and where the troubling ethical implic- 
ations of cloning could be swept aside. 

Now these questions are back to 
haunt ethicists and theologians. 

With animals, for example. Dr. 
FitzGerald cautioned, clones would 
ehsm ian idmrical susceptibly to disease, 
so dm an entire cloned herd could be 
wiped out overnight if the right virus 

swept through iL 


that humans could be cloned, raising 
ethical and philosophical questions. 

‘"We can’t see a clinical reason to 
copy a h uman being,” Dr. Wilmut said. 
“In this country it is illegal already. 
Furthermore, we are briefing authorities 
to make sure this technique is not mis- 
used.” 

Dr. Wilmut, who was bom in Hamp- 
ton Lucey. England, near Warwick, 
went into embryology as an under- 
graduate at the University of Notting- 
ham, where his mentor was G. Eire 
Lamming, a world famous expert in the 
science of reproduction. From then on. 
Dr. Wilmut said, he knew animal ge- 
netic engineering was his life’s quest. 

In 1971, he went on to Darwin Col- 
lege at Cambridge where he received his 
doctoral degree two years later after 
submitting a thesis on freezing of boar 
semen. 

He beaded almost immediately to 
Scotland where he joined the Animal 
Breeding Research Station, an inde- 
pendent animal research institution fin- 
anced by government and private 
donors that eventually became the 
Roslin Institute, in Roslin, Scotland. 

“I have known him for 10 years,” 
said Dr. Ron James, chief executive of 
Pharmaceutical Proteins Ltd., or PPL. a 
company based in Edinburgh that has 
paid for some of the weak at the Roslin 
research center and. hopes to develop 
commercial applications for it. 

“The words that come to mind about 
him are careful, diligent, honest and 
thoughtful,” Dr. James said. 

By all accounts. Dr. Wilmut leads a 
quiet life with his wife, Vivian. They 
have three grown children. 

Dr. Wilmut, whose house overlooks 
green fields and grazing, uncloned an- 
imals. said that as he looks to the future 
now, his primary objective is to drive his 
project forward “to enable us to study 
genetic diseases for which there are 
presently no cures.” 



Dr. Ian Wilmut, 52, of Edinburgh, with some of his experimental sheep. 
“We can’t see a clinical reason to copy a human being,” the scientist says. 


Mayor Says 

Reuters , 

BERLIN — Catherine Megret, the; 
new extreme-rightist mayor of Vit.- 
rolles. in southern France, said in an; 
interview published Monday that 
France was in a state of emergency and • 
that her National From wanted to instill' 
fear in immigrants. 

A political newcomer who ran in 
place of her husband — Bruno Megrew, 
the National Front No. 2 — Mrs. Megret 
told the Berliner Zeitung that she would 
cut almost all social payments to im- 
migrants. “■ 

She said that pro-immigrant groups' 
would lose their subsidies and that most 
leftist books would be removed from 
city libraries, adding that rap and black, 
musicians would also be unwelcome. * 
“Our voters wanted us to scare* 
people who don’t belong." Mrs. Megret. 
said in her first interview since taking 
control of the town hall in Vitrolles on. 
Feb. 16. 

“You must see that we here in France* 
are now in a state of emergency.” she. 
said. “We have to act fast.” 

Vitrolles was the fourth southern city* 
to be captured- by the National Front . 
after Toulon, Marignane and Orange. 

The Berliner Zeitung said it had pub- • 
lished what it called a “painful” in-., 
terview in order to show that "French- 
racism uses arguments that have be-, 
come acceptable elsewhere.” 

Mrs. Megret told the newspaper.-; 
“We will immediately stop all state aid* 
to immigrants and give the money to, 
French people. Our mono is: French 
first. 

“Unfortunately, there are some ser- 
vices we will have to continue provid- 
ing, but there won't be one centime, 
more for them beyond that,” she said. - 
“You'll see how quickly they dis-, 
appear from here. They're only here for; 
the money. If we could do it at com-> 
munal level, we would also take a look 
at the naturalization files for some for- 
eigners who are now running around, 
with a French passport.' ' 

Mrs. Megret accused the French left- 
of banning National Front publications 
from public libraries for years and 
asked: “Why not try it the other way 
around? But we won’t go as far as to ban 
the leftist press. Thai would be another 
argument for the left." > 

The new mayor accused social work-2 
ers hired by the city’s previous Socialist 
administration of making common** 
cause with young criminals instead of. 
-helping to preventcrime. 

rt We will abolish these posts com- . 
pletely and hire policemen in their place ' 
who, instead of trying-to prevent crime, • 
will crack down hard,” she said_ 

“ We have to pursue and punish crim> 
inaJs.” she said. “It’s mostly the ira£ 
migrants." 

Mrs. Megret, whose grandparents 
were Jewish immigrants from Russia, 
said she saw no contradiction between 
her family background and her present 
views against immigration. 

“That was the past; the situation today 1 
is completely different,” she said. 


Yeltsin Opposes Changes 
In Russian Constitution 

MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltsin, under pres- 
sure to give up some of his sweeping powers, told 
politicians Monday to forget about constitutional 
changes for now. 

“Do oot even mention any kind of constitutional 
change or amendment," Mr. Yeltsin said on tele- 
vision. “Society is not ready for it." 

“1 think it will take a few more years for 
something new to take shape," said Mr. Yeltsin, who 
was meeting with the new president of the Con- 
stitutional Court, Marat Baglay. (AFP) 

Turkey Acts to Stem Influx 

ANKARA — Fearing another influx from Bul- 
garia, Turkey has decided to press some 200,000 
Bulgarians of Turkish descent to return to Bulgaria to 
discourage further arrivals. 

An Interior Ministry decree, issued last month, 
paves the way for the possible deportation of ethnic 
Turks who arrived from Bulgaria on tourist visas 
after Jan. 1, 1993. 

Turkey’s ail m g economy can no longer cope with 
the newcomers, most of whom have expired visas. 


the government says. Ethnic Turks in Bulgaria now 
number about 800,000. (AP) 

Mad Cow 9 Carcasses Pile Up 

LONDON — The opposition Labour Party 
warned on Monday that Britain faced a huge problem 
in disposing of cattle slaughtered to tackle “mad 
cow” disease and that it could take 13 years to 
incinerate all the carcasses. 

“The remains of one million cattle slaughtered in 
last year’s cull are waiting to be destroyed,” the 
party’s deputy leader, John Prescott, told a news 
conference. 

Mr. Prescott said research by Helen Jackson, a 
Labour member of Parliament's Environment Com- 
mittee, had shown that by January less than 4 percent 
of the cattle slaughtered last year had been disposed 
of by incineration. 

He said the government was using 41 cold stores, 
1 1 warehouses and locations such as the container 
port in Hull, eastern England, to store carcasses and 
rende red-down meal ana bone meal. (Reuters) 

ETA Royal Plot Reported 

PARIS — The Basque separatist group ETA 
planned to kidnap or murder King Juan Carlos’s 


daughter Elena at one of her riding schools in south- 
west France, a French counterterrorism expert said 
on Monday. 

Roland Jacquard, president of the International 
Observatory on Terrorism, told the daily France-Soir 
in an interview that investigators had found doc- 
uments linking a suspected ETA leader, Jose Luis 
Urrosolo Sistiaga, arrested last month, to the plan. 

“Urrosolo had planned a very media-friendly, 
symbolic coup: the kidnapping or assassination of 
the Spanish infanta Elena,” said Mr. Jacquard, who 
has close links to French security sources. 

French police were not immediately available for 
comment (Reuters) 

Albanian Students in Boycott 

TIRANA — Albanians, angry at losing money in 
a pyramid investment swindle, on Monday took to 
the streets in the southern town of VI ore for the 20th 
day while students in another town boycotted lec- 
tures in protest at the scandal. 

Around 7,000 demonstrators in the Adriatic port 
were joined by local government employees for the 
daily protest march along VI ore's central boulevard, 
which lasted just over an hour, witnesses said. 

They gathered briefly in front of the university to 
show support for 53 students inside who have been 
on hunger strike since Thursday. (Reuters) 


NATO: Russia Signals Its Readiness to Work Toward Agreement on Alliance Enlargement 


Continued from Page 1 

full role in key planning tasks and com- 
mand structure. 

Both sides now concur that Russia 
would have a voice, but not a veto, over 
NATO decisions and that meetings 
would take place at various levels right 
up to heads of state. But die format of 
the charter, which Russia wants to call a 
legal document akin to a treaty, remains 
unclear because NATO says it should 
only be political in character and not 
require ratification by parliaments. 

NATO sources say this point should 
not detract from its worth, noting that 
the. 1971 Berlin agreements ana the 
1975 Helsinki Final Act were nonbind- 
ing political accords that were respected 
by their signatories. 

In any event, NATO officials say they 
are now confident that a final NATO- 
Russia agreement could be endorsed by 
heads of state and government ax a sum- 
mit in Madrid in July, when the alliance 
plans to announce which former 
Warsaw Piact states will be invited to 
become full members. 

..President Boris Yeltsin said Sunday 
he hoped a compromise on the NATO 


enlargement dispute could be reached 
with President Bill Clinton when they 
meet in Helsinki on March 20-21. 

Despite signs of a more cooperative 
approach by Russia, NATO officials 
emphasized there are still serious dif- 
ferences over the military implications 
of NATO expansion. They said Mr. 
Primakov reaffirmed Moscow's de- 
mands for deeper unilateral cuts by the 
West to reduce a three-to-one superi- 
ority in conventional weapons, along 
with firm guarantees that nuclear 
weapons and modem military infra- 


structure will not be based on the ter- 
ritory of new members. 

* ‘They have come to realize the need 
to show flexibility and not make any of 
these issues a showstopper,” a senior 
NATO diplomat said. “But these are 
real sticking points that may go right 
down to the wire.” 

Last week, the 16 NATO allies 
offered to make dramatic cuts in their 
conventional arsenals at the East-West 
security conference in Vienna to com- 
pensate for the lopsided advantage they 
now enjoy. 


Since the bloc-to-bloc arrangements 
of die 1 990 treaty limiting conventional! 
forces in Europe are outmoded, the;; 
Western alliance agreed to adopt a Rus- 
sian proposal that will establish nationals 
ceilings for tanks, helicopters, combat; 
aircraft and artillery of the 30 countries 
that signed the treaty. 

In addition, NATO has promised to 
accept territorial zone limits that would! 
prevent any massing of allied arsenals in* 
a way that would frighten Russia into* 
thinking the West was preparing to at-2 
tack. 


Protest Over Truck Traffic Blocks Swiss Border Road 


Reuters 

ZURICH — Greenpeace activists 
blocked a highway into Switzerland 
from Germany for about seven hours 
Monday to protest European Union 
pressure for an end to Swiss limits on 
irans -Alpine truck traffic. 

The police broke up the demon- 
stration and cleared away barricades in 
the late afternoon after traffic from 


Germany to Basel, the second-largest 
Swiss city, had been forced to detour 
since the early morning. 

About 30 demonstrators blocked 
the highway by putting up sheets of 
plywood with gaps cut in them, 
through which cars could pass but not 
trucks. Traffic was diverted through 
several other border posts in the area, 
which has a large number of crossings 


between Basel and Germany and 
France. 

A Greenpeace spokesman said the 
protest was aimed at stopping Switzer- 
land from conceding to EU demands. 
Switzerland wants a trade treaty wiJt 
the Union, but Brussels is demanding 
that Bern in return raise weight limits 
that keep most EU trucks from car- 
rying goods across the Swiss Alps. 






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INTERNATIONAL 


A Phone- Sex Line That Won’t Let Pacific Islanders 

In Frequent Mix-Ups, Residents Are Awakened by Lewd Calls 



Agme Francr-Prcsse 

AUCKLAND, New Zealand — A lust for 
telephone sex in the developed world is creating 
a moral dilemma for two tiny, conservative 
Pacific nations through which the calls are 
routed. 

Services promising sexual satisfaction over 
the telephone, advertised in magazines in Bri- 
tain. the United Slates and Japan, are providing 
Tuvalu and Niue islanders with huge revenue 
but disturbing their sleep and consciences in the 
process. 

hi frequent line mix-ups, phone-sex clients 
are being accidentally connected to residents' 


homes. A senior Niuean official said that every 
home on the island bad been awakened at some 
point in the early hours. 

“We cannot pick up the language,” be said, 
“but they seem to want heavy breat hin g, which 
is what they get because we are being woken up 
at that hour.” 

The advertisements appear in British, Amer- 
ican and Japanese men's magazines, and cater to 
a kaleidoscope of sexual fetishes. _ 

Prime Minis ter Bikenibeu Paeniu of Tuvalu 


said that 1 0 percent of the national revenue came 
from telephone sex lines. 

Tuvalu is situated north of Fiji and has a 
population of about 9,900, while Niue, west of 
Fiji, has a population of just 1,000. 

The islands lease out vacant numbers to Asia 
Pacific Telecommunications Ltd., which in turn 
rents the lines to other clients. 

But although most of the calls actually ter- 
minate in Wellington, die idea that lewd calls 
pass through the islands has sparked outrage. 


‘If it is true, then this is the most de| 
tiling that has ever happened to Tuvalu,” Kosctte 
Alefoio, the head of aTuvahi Christian group, tokl 
Island Business magazine. “Tuvalu is a Omstian 
country and things advertised in thema^azmes do 
not, and never will happen in Toyalu-' 

Prime Minister Frank Lui of Niue said Wed- 
nesday he had ordered that his country’s tele- 
phone lines not be linlred to the worldwide adult 

sex service. , . , . . 

Mr. Lui said he was not comfortable with 


Niue’s name and 683 area code being linked 
with sex ads. He said, “I want Niue’s reputation 

£ Qne of the attractions of the island numbers is 
that they are short, .giving users a false im- 
pression that they are making local, and there- 
fore cheap, calls. 

But Mr. Paeniu, the prime minister of Tuvalu, 
is mainraining a pragmatic stand in view of the 
sheer scale of the revenue. 

( T can say that it is really going to be a moral 
issue for us, areally big moral issue,” Mr. Paeniu 
said, but added that if his country passed up the 
sex indnstiy offer, other countries would take it 


*v 


Campus Closed 
In Kenya After 
Rioting Over 
Student’s Death 


The Associated Press 

NAIROBI — Nairobi University of- 
ficials closed Kenya’s hugest campus 
Monday after hundreds of rioting stu- 
dents took to the streets to protest the 
apparent killing of a student leader. 

The police said they were investi- 
gating the death of Solomon Muruli, 
whose charred body was found early 
Sunday in his room after a fire appar- 
ently caused by an explosion swept 
through his dormitory on the uni- 
versity's Kikuyu campus. 20 kilometers 
(12 miles) from Nairobi. 

Mr. Muruli, a fourth-year education 
student, had accused the police of kid- 
napping and torturing him last year after 
his involvement in demonstrations in 
November. 

Those protests were held over alleged 
police brutality and deteriorating living 
conditions on the campus. 

Mr. Muruli told fellow students last 
week that he had received a death threat 
before he identified a police officer sus- 
pected in his torture. 

A statement signed by 16 student 
leaders expressed “lack of trust in the 
police investigation into the late So- 
lomon Muruli saga, owing that the same 
force had been implicated in his ab- 
duction, torture, dumping and continu- 
ous harassment until his untimely 
death.” 

; The police deny that they ever held 
Mr. Muruli. No comment was available 
from the police Monday on his death. 

Mr. Muruli 's doctor. Ling Merate 
Kitugi, issued a statement that said the 
student had expressed fear for his life. 

“I call for a postmortem and inde- 
pendent inquest into his death.” Dr. 
Kitugi wrote. 

Students waving tree branches 
blocked the center of Nairobi on Sunday 
night to protest Mr. Muruli ’s death. Some 
shops were looted, but it was not certain 
whether the looters were students. 

“We are tired of being killed by po- 
lice,’' the students chanted. “We want 
justice." 

The semiofficial Kenya Television 
Network reported that several phone 
booths had been smashed and that stu- 
dents had thrown stones at motorists. 

Near the Kikuyu campus, students set 
tires on fire and blocked a main highway 
with paving stones. 

In November, the police shot and 
killed three students at Kenyana and 
Egerton universities. 


Netanyahu Plans 
Arab Housing, 
Israelis Report 

The AssiMruued Press 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu of Israel has decided to 
build thousands of homes for Palestin- 
ians in Arab East Jerusalem, apparently 
as compensation for plans to build a new 
neighborhood for Jews in the disputed 
sector, media reports said. 

In a meeting Monday, the mayor of 
Jerusalem, Ehud Olmert, and Mr. Net- 
anyahu agreed to build 3.500 housing 
units for Palestinians in different neigh- 
borhoods of East Jerusalem, according 
to radio reports. 

Mr. Olmert was quoted by Israel Ra- 
dio as saying that Sir. Netanyahu also 
promised him he would formally ap- 
prove construction of the 6,500-home 
Har Homa Jewish neighborhood Wed- 
nesday. 

No confirmation was immediately 
available from the prime minister's of- 
fice or the Jerusalem municipal gov- 
ernment. 

In recent weeks, Mr. Netanyahu has 
withstood pressure from hard-line allies 
to give final approval to the Har Homa 
project, apparently for fear of undermin- 

oelicate pe 


the 


with the 


area, 

known as Jabal Abu Ghneim. 

Palestinian officials have rejected the 
idea that construction for Arabs in the 
ciiy should dimmish the opposition to 
Har Homa. 

Israel occupied and annexed East Je- 
rusalem in 1967. The Palestinians want 
the sector for their future capital; they 
oppose any increase in the Jewish pop- 
ulation of East Jerusalem, which at 
1 60.000 already slightly exceeds that of 
the Arabs. 

On Saturday, the cabinet of Yasser 
Arafat, the Palestinian leader, issued a 
statement warning Israel not to go ahead 
with Har Homa. describing it as an effort 
to create facts on the ground before final 
negotiations, which are to decide the fate 
of Jerusalem and other thorny issues. 



TRADES: Insiders Blacken Tokyo Stocks 


Zbuo Lin ki«ing her husband, Mr. Deng; as their daughters grieved with her at funeral ceremonies Monday. 

DENG: Witched by Mourners, Leader Makes His Final Journey 



Continued from Page 1 

meters from one another, to prevent any 
disturbances. 

“Scatter Hot Tears for Comrade 
Xiaoping,’ ' read the black characters on 
a banner held up by a 
outside the 
Deng’s body 
Wednesday at age 92. “Go gently, 
Xiaoping,’ ’ read another. 

People along the route wore white 
paper flowers, and after the body passed, 
most of tiie people lay the flowers along 
die road and in nearby bushes. 

Such outward demonstrations of 
mourning have, for the most part, been 
suppressed. This was especially the case 
in Tiananmen Square, where the laying 
of wreaths after the deaths of Prime 
Minister Zhou Enlai in 1976 and Hu 
Yaobang in 1989 became catalysts and 
vehicles for popular jprotesL 

The 1989 student-fed protests culmin- 
ated in demonstrations by hundreds of 


thousands of Beijing residents and then 
in a bloody crackdown by Chinese 
troops. 

The government announced that mar- 
tial law would be in effect for Tianan- 
men Square during the memorial service 
to be held at the Great Hall of the People 
on Tuesday morning. Expected to attend 
are about 10,000 invited guests from 
around the country, but no foreigners. 
President Jiang Zemin will deliver a 
eulogy. 

Though Chinese leaders are trying to 
make a show of unity and stability, there 
already have been some cracks in die 
facade. 

Zhao Ziyang, the former Communist 
Party chairman and Mr. Jiang's imme- 
diate predecessor who was ousted during 
the 1989 uprising, has asked to attend the 
memorial service, according to Reuters, 
but was turned down by Mr. Jiang. 

Mr. Zhao has been under a loose form 
of house arrest, able to travel as long as 
he first obtains permission. But the re- 


jection of his request to anend the ser- 
vice was seen by analysts as evidence 
that the current leadership still regards 
Mr. Zhao as a potential threat — 
someone who might still rally relatively 
liberal people wi thin the party, amonf 
whom his connections run deep. 

Another fissure seemed to appear in 
the Beyingleadership when the monthly 
magazine Zhongtiu, associated with one 
of toe party's die-hard leftists, printed a 
criticism of a book of conversations with 
Mr. Bang and descriptions of his ideo- 
logy. The magazine s patron is Deng 
Liqun, often biown as “little Deng’ 
though he is no relation to Deng Xiaop- 
ing. Little Deng, one of the party’s more 
conventional ideologues, has mitten 
with horror about the decline of the 
Communist Party and the wholesale em- 
brace of Western capitalism. 

Little Deng was also excluded from 
the 459-member funeral group arran- 
ging the ceremony. Reuters said the 
magazine has been suspended. 


CHINA: Differences Over Rights ‘Made Clear,’ Albright Says 


Continued from Page 1 

Pakistan and exporting equipment that 
could be used for chemical weapons. 

Aides said that Mrs. Albright had 
raised a series of human rights issues at 
her meetings with Prime Minister Li 
Peng and Foreign Minister Qian Qicfaen. 
Unlike her predecessor, Warren Chris- 
topher, however, she did not raise spe- 
cific cases of individual repression. 

U.S. officials said that they had been 
talking to Beijing for months about sym- 
bolic gestures to improve the human 
rights situation, including the release of 
political prisoners and improved access to 
prisons for the International Red Cross. 

But they said it appeared most unlikely 
that Mrs. Albright’s visit would result in 
any concrete breakthrough, an impres- 
sion heightened by the political uncer- 
tainty caused by Mr. Deng’s death. 

“The emphasis in China in the com- 


ing weeks and months is likely to be on 
continuity, on stability within the lead- 
ership, on building consensus,” said an 
official accompanying Mrs. Albright 

The secretary of state told reporters 
that the United States would go ahead 
with cosponsoring a resolution con- 
demning China’s record on human 
rights at the annual United Nations hu- 
man rights conference in Geneva at the 
end of March in the absence of further 
Chinese concessions, but that there was 
“still time” to avert such a step. 

She said that plans for an exchange of 
visits between Mr. Clinton and President 
Jiang Zemin remained on schedule, but 
that no dates had been agreed. She an- 
nounced that Vice President Gore would 
be making a previously planned visit to 
Beijing next month. 

Mr. Jiang received Mrs. Albright 
while malting the finishing touches to 
the funeral oration he is due to deliver 


Tuesday for Mr. Deng. “Jiang was 
statesmanlike and serious,” said an 
American official who attended die 
meeting with Mrs. Albright 

In the past, American officials have 
not known quite what to make of Mr. 
Jiang, who has a displayed a penchant 
for veering off the subject and telling 
irrelevant stories. American China ex- 
perts seem divided on whether Mr. 
Deng's designated successor is a good- 
natured mediocrity or a cunning politi- 
cian adept at hiding his talents. 

American officials said that the often 
acerbic prime minister, Mr. Li, who is 
widely regarded as the leading hard- 
liner in the Chinese leadership, appeared 
to be going out of his way to be charming 
in his meeting with Mrs. Albright. 

‘ ‘This was the nice Li Peng,” said one 
Albright aide, noting that the prime min- 
ister restricted bis sharp exchanges to the 
subject of human rights. 


Continued from Page 1 

“It’s part of doing the job in Japan.” 

In share-price manipulation, stocks 
rise on the strength of a mythical story 
enhancing a company's prospects. Such 
rumors are floated in trading rooms or 
through articles in tip sheets that are read 
by man y of the brokerages that push 
stocks in Japan, where shares are some- 
times still sold door to door. When the 
author and others familiar with the 
scheme are satisfied with the rise in the 
company’s stock they sell their sizable 
holdings. This sends the share price 
plummeting and leaves unaware in- 
vestors with losses. 

“The last ones out of the stock are 
usually the old ladies who bought at the 
peak,” said a senior broker at an Amer- 
ican brokerage house in Tokyo, who also 
asked not to be identified. 

Prevalent insider trading and share- 
price manipulation help explain why just 
7 percent of Japanese own stock, com- 
pared with around 20 percent in Britain 
and the United States. It also helps ex- 
plain why smalt companies here have 
such difficulties raising money to ex- 
pand. 

When Prime Minister Ryutaro Ha- 
shimoto vowed last year to rejuvenate 
Japan’s economy and make Tokyo’s fi- 
nancial district as competitive as those of 
New York and London by 2001, he 
TnaHp no mention of insider trading and 
share-price manipulation. - 
Perhaps die main reason for the lack 
of government resolve to tackle market 
shenanigans, brokers said, is that politi- 
cians are often involved. Especially in 
election years, politicians or their close 
supporters use insider information or 
join schemes to inflate share prices to 
cover campai gning costs, brokers said, 
ha fact, politicians are so active in the 
netherworld of Japanese stocks that the 
shares they most commonly use to raise 
money are dubbed “political issues.” 
Whole no Japanese politician has ever 
been prosecuted for breaking trading 
laws, brokers "are convinced or their in- 
volvement. _ 

“There’s no smokewithout fire,” the 
Japanese broker at the foreign brokerage 
said. 

Reluctance at many financial insti- 
tutions to forgo the gains from illegal 
trading and to play by the rules also 
hampers attempts to sweep Japan’s 
stock markets clean. 

One highly regarded foreign fund 
manager defended his own involvement 
in such trading, saying: “It’s not insider 
trading. It’s trading on privileged in- 
formation.” The funds he manages con- 
sistently place among the best perform- 
ing funds invested in Japan. 

Brokers are reluctant to abandon in- 
sider trading and share-price manipu- 
lation, because many derive a substantial 
portion of their income in this way. 
Since the real estate and share-price 
bubbles burst in the early 1990s, most 
Japanese financial institutions have halt- 
ed summer and winter bonuses and 
frozen salaries. Once, brokers relied on 
ill-gotten gains to fund extravagant life- 
styles. Today, they rely on them to sup- 
plement measly incomes. 

Another reason for widespread illegal 
trading, brokers said, is the weakness of 
regulators. Regulation of the seven Jap- 
anese exchanges is carried out by the 
bourses themselves, the Securities and 
Exchange Surveillance Commission and 
the Finance Ministry. 


Robert Sarnoff, Succeeded Father at RCA, Dies at 78 


By NJL Kleinfield 

iVph' fort Tones Service 


NEW YORK — Robert Sarnoff. 78, 
who succeeded his father as chairman of 
the RCA Corp- and steered it into a 
hodgepodge of new businesses before 
being removed in a “palace revolt,” 
died of cancer Saturday. 

The eldest son of the legendary David 
Sarnoff, whose stewardship transformed 
RCA into a mul tibillion-oo 11 ar emblem 
of American high technology, Robert 
Sarnoff fulfilled his father’s dearest 
wish that he continue the family name at 
the helm of RCA 

Under him, the giant electronics and 
communications company became a 
sprawling enterprise that also rented cans, 
wove carpets, published bodes, sold 
frozen peas and raised chickens. In one of 
the messier chapters of corporate en- 
deavor. Mr. Sarnoff extricated RCA from 
a troubled foray into the computer busi- 
ness, which cost the company dearly. 

In 1975, with RCA drifting ami its 
profits shriveling, discontent by senior 
executives and board members led to 
Mr. SamofFs ouster as c hairman and 
chief executive. RCA continued to 
flounder in the hands of his successors, 
hi 1985. while on the road to recovery , it 
was bought by the General Electric Co. 
and ceased to exist. 

Mr. Sarnoff joined RCA in 1948 as an 
account executive in the sales depart- 
ment of the National Broadcasting Co. 
subsidiary. He commissioned an o 
“ Amahl and the Night Visitors.” 


Gian Carlo Menotti that in 1953 was the 
first commercial program broadcast in 
color. At one juncture, one of his re- 
sponsibilities was touring with Arturo 
Toscanini and the NBC Symphony. His 
incessant traveling facilitated his pas- 
sion for collecting rare antiques and 
modem sculpture, especially Oriental 
art. By 1956, he was president of NBC. 

Albert S hanker, 68, Leader 
Of U.S. Teachers* Unions 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Albert 
Shonker, 68. who rose from being a 
substitute mathematics teacher to be- 
come a tough, canny labor leader who in 
the 1960s transformed New York City’s 


United Federation of Teachers into a 
powerful union, died here Saturday after 
a three-year battle with bladder cancer. 

Mr. Shanker. the longtime president 
of the American Federation of Teachers, 
the parent organization, and a respected 
thinker on national educational issues, is 
best remembered for his combative role 
as the head of the 85,000-member New 
York City teachers’ union during the 
turmoil of the city’s school decentral- 
ization experiments in 1968. 

As president of the American Fed- 
eration of Teachers, with 900,000 mem- 
bers concentrated in large cities, he was 
widely regarded as a champion . of rig- 
orous educational standards. In a column 


FOSTER: Cover-Up Said to Be Refuted 


Continued from Page 1 

Whitewater investigation to become 
dean of Pfepperdine’s law school Aug. 1 , 
but has since decided to see that the 
investigation was “substantially com- 
pleted” before taking up foe post. 

fri addition to heading the law school, 
Mr. Starr was named dean of a newly 
created School of Public Policy that Mr. 
Scaife helped finance. Mr. Scaife's 
foundation contributed Sl.l million of 
the $2.75 million In. start-up funds raised 
to create the public-policy institution. 

Mr. Starr reversed his decision to go 
to Pepperdine in August after “wres- 
tling with concerns’’ expressed by 


pie inside and outside his office, said 
John Bates, his deputy. 

“Part of wbat influenced him,” Mr. 
Bates said, “was being told that as a 
former federal judge and solicitor general, 
he was needed beamse he brought stature 
to the investigation that no one else had 
and it would help in several ways, in- 
cluding dealing with the courts.” 

While praising Mr. Starr’s decision to 
remain as independent counsel, some 
sources expressed concern that the epis- 
ode last week could unnerve some orthe 
witnesses in the Whitewater investiga- 
tion. especially those who have been 
offered immunity from prosecution or 
leniency in return for their cooperation. 


that be wrote for years as an adver- 
tisement in The New York Times, he 
called for a national competency test for 
teachers, pay increments tied to teacher 
quality and more rigorous requirements 
for high school graduation. 

Walter SoreU, 91, Dance Critic 
Also Translated German Novels 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Waiter 
SorelL, 91, a prolific writer about dance 
and aesthetics, died Friday at Memorial 
Sloan-Ketzering Cancer Center here. 

Mr. Sorell was the New York dance 
critic for The Providence Journal from 
1950 to 1966 and a contributor to many 
dance publications. He also translated 
several important novels from German. 

Frank Launder, 91. the (Erector and 
scriptwriter whose “St. Triman’s” 
movies set in an. unruly and bankrupt 
girls' school convulsed audiences, died 
Sunday in Monaco. 

Archer Winsten, 92, who spent 50 
years turning out crisp, thoughtful movie 
reviews for The New York Post, but 
only, be insisted, because he found the 
job a pleasant alternative to actual work, 
died Friday in Moreau, New York. 

Robert Herman. 82, a physicist who 
predicted the lingering radiation from 
the initial explosion in the “Big Bang’* 
theory of the universe, died of rang can- 
cer Feb. 13 in Austin, Texas. He taught 
.graduate physics at the University of 
Texas until June. 


Individual exchanges monitor trades 
made by member brokOT. - They -report 
suspicious trades to the -commission, 
which has a staff of about 200 and most 
of the responsibility for carrying out 
regulations. 

The commission took oyer market 
regulation from the Securities Bureau of 
the Finance Ministry as pan of the 1992 
changes that made insider trading and 
share-price manipulation criminal of- 
fenses. Hie Finance Ministry oversees 
the exchanges and the commission and 
provides staff to the commission for 
three years, on average, a Securities and 
Exchange Surveillance official said, * to 

In its latest annual report, -issued in 
October, the commission said it had 
prosecuted six cases of illegal trading 
since its founding. 

In addition, the report for the period 
from July 1995 to June 1996 said the 
commission had investigated 96 finan- 
cial institutions and found minor irreg- 
ularities in sales policies and transaction 
rules at 35. 

But brokers said that clear-cut illegal 
trading was an everyday occurrence at 
most brokerages and that the regulators 
lacked the expertise to understand what 
was raking place. 

“The easiest way of hiding illegal 
trades is to push through a lot of trades on 
tiie same day,” the Japanese broker at 
the foreign brokerage said. “Locdting 
back over my orders for a day, some- jt 
times even I can’t teU which were my ™ 
illegal trades. The best thing the reg- 
ulators could do would be to rare people 
who have worked in tiie stock market 
and who can spot illegal trading audio 
fire themselves.” 


BRIEFLY 


20 Are Casualties 
Of Algeria Bomb ‘ 

' PARIS — A homemade bomb 
exploded Monday in a crowded 
marketplace south of Algeria' s cap- 
ital, killing one person and leaving 
at least 20 injured in the stampede 
that followed, witnesses said. 

No one claimed responsibility for 
the attack at Boufarik, 40 kilometers 
(25 miles) south of Algiers. But 
media reports said that 18 civilians . 
had been killed by armed groups in 
the same region since Thursday.. 
The reports blamed Muslim mil- 
itants for the deaths. 

The Armed Islamic Group, one of 
the two most powerful armed 
groups backing the Islamic funda- 
mentalists’ fight against the Algeri- 
an government, renewed its call for 
violence Monday in a statement is- 
sued to the independent El Hayat 
newspaper. fAPJ 

Ankara Is Seeking 
Israel Military Ties 

JERUSALEM — Turkey’s top 
military leader said in remarks pub- 
lished Monday that he would seek to 
strengthen military ties with Israel 
during a four-day visit to the Jewish 
state. 

The visit by the military chief of 
staff. Ismail Hakki Karadayi, began 
Monday afternoon with a tour of the 
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in 
Jerusalem. Also on the agenda were 
meetings with Israel's prime min- 
ister and defense minister. (AP) 

Cuban Exiles Honor 
4 Downed Pilots 

MIAMI — Seven planes carrying 
Cuban exiles flew Monday from 
Miami to drop wreaths and flowers 
over the site in the Florida Strait 
where Cuban MiG jets shot down 
two aircraft belonging to an exile 
group. Brothers to the Rescue, a 
year ago. 

_ The planes took off after an emo- 
tional memorial service at the Opa- 
Locka airfield for the four people 
killed in the attack. 

Both the U.S. and Cuban gov- 
ernments have warned the fliers not 
to provoke another incident during 
tiie anniversary ceremony .(Reuters) 

Lima and Rebels 
Hold 5th Session 

LIMA — The Peruvian govern- 
ment and Marxist rebels bolding 72 


iy that lasted two and a half 

hours. 

After the session, the spokesman 
for the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement was driven in a Red 
Cross car from the safe house where 
1» met with a government nego- 
tiator. Domingo Palermo, back to 
foe # besieged Japanese ambassa- 
dor’s residence. The hostages were 
taken Dec. 17. (Reuters) 













Sail 


t&+4 4 



(Who are we to argue?) 


The ‘Who’s Who in Europe Survey’ 1996 shows that, amongst Europe’s most influential people, 
over twice as many consider the International Herald Tribune to be 
; ‘The best source of international news’ as its nearest rival. 

/ I'.i Dare we say that it’s something you’ve thought for a long time? 

,j 

\bu can get your copy of the survey via James McLeod in Paris on (33) 1 41 43 93 81. 
Richard Lynch in. New York on (212) 752 3890, or Andrew Thomas in Singapore on (65) 223 6478. 


















i fi A* kf-'r.'h *. ft ** 1 •> 


it ill. 


PAGES 


TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997V 

EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Jfcral 



HMflum WITH THE NEW TOW TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON FOOT 


Compromise on Cuba 


^£L^ une What Is Globalization ’s Fatal Flaw? Oversupply 


t In tbeir confrontation over trade with 
Cuba, the European Union and the 
United States haven't managed to wreck 
the World Trade Organization — not 
yet. But they are certainly putting it at 
risk. The harm they would cause by 


gile system or open global trade would 
immeasurably outweigh any political 
advantage either side imagines it might 
reap. The two sides should; reach a com- 
promise while there’s still time. 

This is a case in which neither side 
has a lot to be proud of. 

1. In what is becoming a familiar pat- 
tern. President BUI Cuntoa last year 
signed, for political reasons, a bad bill 
that he had earlier opposed. Then he 
Started looking for ways to mitigate its 
least savory aspects. The bill, known as 
the Hefrns-Burton Act, seeks to inhibit 
third-country investment in Cuba — 
where U.S. economic activity has long 
been banned — by punishing foreign 
companies that make use of expro- 
priated U.S. property. In a novel legal 
twist, the act includes not only property 
that belonged to Americans when ridel 
Castro took over, but also property 
belonging to Cubans who have become 
U.S. citizens during the intervening 
decades. Canadian and European 
companies can be sued in U.S. courts; 
their executives must be barred from 
entering the United States. 

’ Allied nations howled at this effort 
to impose U.S. policy on them. Mr. 
Clinton dispatched an envoy, Stuart E. 
Eizenstat, ro find a way out. When Mr. 


Eizenstat won face-saving pledges 
from European nations to work toward 
democracy in Cuba, Mr. Clinton sus- 
pended the most onerous section of the 
bill — the right to file suit in U.S. 
courts. Some countries also passed 
blocking legislation, allowing coun- 
tersuits in their own courts — a le- 
gitimate response. 

The European Union nonetheless 
recklessly earned out its threat to bring 
its complaint to the World Trade Or- 

theWTO finds for Europe, it will un- 
dermine U.S. support for global trad- 
ing rules. If the united States boycotts 
the procedure, or invokes a national- 
security exemption (as is allowed un- 
der law), it wfil undermine the uni- 
versality of trade law that acts, in gen- 
eral, in the interest of U.S. firms. The 
United States deliberately refrained 
from taking such a step, in order to 
allow more time for compromise. 

Europeans and f’anadians may find 
laughable U.S- claims that its national 
security is at risk. But if Cuba is not a 
credible military threat, it is also true 
that ibis dispute is not a traditional 
trade argument in any sense; the 
United Stales is not protecting any 
domestic commercial interest. Politi- 
cians on both sides feel wronged and 
virtuous. If they do not rise above those 
feelings, and find some solution that 
preserves the WTO, both parties could 
be paying a price long after Helms- 
Burton is forgotten. 

—THE WASHINGTON POST. 


W ASHINGTON — The globaliz- 
ing economy leads to the con- 
vergence of distant peoples in ways 
chat sometimes seem like a cruel joke. 

German workers, feeing 12J2 per- 
cent unemployment, are told they must 
emulate the Americans. If you want 
jobs, give up labor-market protections 
and become more “flexible” on 


Yet, a decade ago, when hundreds of 
U.S. factories were being dosed by 
global competition, American indus- 
trial workers were told to be more like 
the Germans. Get more training, work 
harder, more cooperatively. Many 
Americans have done so. but this has 
not stanched the steady erosion of U.S. 
wage levels. 

One season it's Americans who are 
portrayed as fer and lazy. The next 
season it’s the Germans. The fact is, 
German and American industrial work- 
ers suffer from the same handicap ■ — 
they earn too much money by world 
Standards. The global system intends to 
correct that problem for them. 

In Stuttgart, the works council chair- 
man at Alcatel Alsthom introduced me 
to the German phrase schraube nach 
unten. “It’s like the thread of a screw 
that t urns downward — a constant 
downward path,” said Alois Suss. 
“They use the plant in Slovakia to 
persuade Germans to accept less. We 
are often told, if things don't improve, 
they will move all of this to India.” 

No one calls Japanese workers fat 
and lazy, but they coo have felt the 
squeeze. They call it kudoka, "hol- 
lowing out” Japanese firms have also 
defensively off-loaded manufacturing 
jobs to Icrw-wage economies. Sony, the 
symbol of Japanese excellence, ex- 


By Wtffiam Greider 

pects to have a majorityof its work 
force overseas. Just like IBM. 

The boosters of globalization invoke 
the sweet logic of "comparative ad- 
vantage” to explain these developments 
and insist that everyone wins eventually . 

A growing army nf rffcrn ntmrpH ri timns 

m the advanced economies, dispos- 
sessed or insecure, no laager believes 
tins. I happen to think they are right 

The dispersal, of the industrial base 
aod the downward hatmontzation of 
wage levels is not driven by dismter- 
ested principles .of efficiency, kit by 
fear — the fear multinational managers 
experience when they look across the 
emerging landscape of globalproduc- 
tion. One may demonize those firms and 
accuse their CEOs of greed or disloy- 
alty, but that does nek explain much. 

The same storm is upon everyone 
(and no one is Hkdy to escape at the 
expense of others). Many layers of 
complexity are involved, bat the core 
element is this: an accumulating crisis 
of surpluses in the global marketplace. 

The surplus of labor is obvious: too 
many workers worldwide bidding for 
scarce jobs. But the growing surplus of 
productive capacity — too many fac- 
tories chasing too few buyers — is 
more ominous, since it ensures more 
major job losses ahead. 

These and other vulnerabilities are 
building up in the global economy «nd 
they are systemic, not national or 
regional. If nothing f undam ental 
changes, they threaten to bring down 
the entire system. 

The perverse paradox is that the 
problems of surplus cannot be resolved 


by ihe actions of the globalizing finns- 
Indeed, die very strategies pursued by 
successful nrniln nati onals to stay ahead 
of the chase promise to make things 
worse for the system as & whole. _ 

The global auto industry prorides a 
relatively simple example. Scores of 
factories have been closed during the 
last 20 years, production processes 
have been made more efficient, new 
joint ventures have opened in the so* 
called emerging where con- 

Too many workers are 
chasing too few jobs; 
too many factories are 
chasing too few buyers. ‘ 

Sumer demand, is growing. Yet the in- 
dustry hasnotcome intocloser balance. 

It has dug deeper in die saute bole. 

An Americ an auto company shared 
its internal estimates with me; The 
global industry will be able to produce 
about 79 mini on vehicles in. me .year 
2000 for a market of buyers that won’t 
exceed 58 million vehicles. Thus, foe 
demand gap is larger dian me North 
Arnericanc^mul^yetnewprodac- 
ers are entering the chase. That means 
someone somewhere will have to dose 
a lot more factories. Similar conditions 
confront aircraft, steel, consumer elec- 
tronics and many other sectors. 

But if mis is true, wby are companies 
rushing to build so many new factories 
elsewhere in the world? Because they 
figure they don't have much choice. To 
stay in the race, they create more output 
abroad to replace high-wage workers 
with cheaper ones or to gain entry to foe 


hot markets of new buyers. These ex- 
changes erode consumption while ex- 
panding output. . .' 

The notion that China and o ther de- 
veloping economies will solve the 
global surplus problem with their 
growing ranks of new consumers is 
fanciful. It ignores the fact that China 
intends to become a major exporter 
itseifi As that occurs in the years ahead, 
another nightmarish wave;of deindus- 
trialization will ripple across industrial 
ec onomies. Chinese machinists earn 

. . apa aL mnviriinrt 


OUULU uw w ^ — r ^ 

cannot possibly make up for wnat was. 
lost in Seattle or Toulouse or Nagoya. 

The good news, if one can call it that, 
is tear foe global system can be rescued 
from its own contradictions if leading 
»V»rinng act purposefully to attack the 
real problem — inadequate demand. 
That means, among other things, policy 
shifts tx> faster growth ana tee enforee- 
Tnent of labor rights in tee global system 
to bring the bottom up more rapidly. 
Labor’s demands far a social danse in 
trade agreements are often dismissed as 
‘‘nxM^jmJtectionism,’ ’ but this could 
help save the system : global con- 
sumption would be boosted if workers 
were free to win more equitable, wages. 

The bad news, of course, is that roost 
governing elites don 't see the crisis yeL 
They are devoted to the dictates of 
laissez-faire capitalism, just as govern- 
ments were in the early 20th century, 
when simil ar market imbalances built 
. up. We know how that era ended. 

The writer is the author mast re- 
cently of u One World, Ready or Not: 
The Manic Logic of Global Capital- 
ism .” He contributed this comment to 
the International HeraldTribune . 


Kill the Amendment 


- The balanced budget amendment 
appears to be losing ground in Con- 
gress. Thai’s welcome news if true; the 
amendment remains a terrible idea. It 
would trivialize the constitution by 
converting it to a chess piece in tee 
annual budget battle, but it wouldn’t 
produce a balanced budget Rather, it 
simply would require three-fifths votes 
of bote bouses to pass an unbalanced 
one. The main effect would be not to 
Strengthen fiscal policy but to enshrine 
minority rule. 

, The amendment has become a kind 
of taunt in political campaigns. 

Ybu’re either for it, or you’re op- 
posed to fiscal responsibility; that’s the 
bumper sticker, or the 30-second TV 
spot Opponents have felt the need for 
what you might call a counter-sticker 
that would let teem vote against an 
amendment without exposing them- 
selves to diarges that all mey want to do 
is tax and/or “borrow and spend." So- 
cial Security has been tbeir salvation. 

They don’t want to jeopardize ben- 
efits; if only tee great retirement pro- 
gram could be taken out of die budget 
and spared tee ax, they'd be happy to 
rote for tee amendment, they say. 
JThey’ve converted a no voce into a 
vote for the elderly. 

‘ Amendment supporters say that’s 
phony, and in a sense, it is, though 
perhaps no less so than the amendment 
itself. Right now Social Security is 
running a surplus; tee annual taxes col- 
lected in its name are greater than an- 
nual costs. Deckle not to count it as part 
pf tee budget, even though it is part, and 
the resulting deficit will be larger than 
lather party is prepared to deal with, 
t And not that many years from now, 
pf course, tee opposite will be true. The 
baby boomers mil begin to retire, the 
Social Security surplus will become a 
pefidt, and by failing to count it the 
deficit's mie size will be masked. 
Neither of these is the right thing to do; 
for is it right to imply that Social Se- 

( The Good- 

t Many politicians say they detest 
Washington's big money game, and 
gome actually mean u. But unfortu- 
jwtely, some of the nation's top law- 
makers seem addicted to tee power of 
£at war chests and the chance to so- 
cialize with rich and famous people in 

S orous settings. The cause of re- 
suffered a hit last week when 
tor Trent Lott, the new Senate 
majority leader, came out forcefully as 
a defender of the Beltway influence- 
fur-money game. 

While Senator Lott was defending 
the rights of rich donors at a Florida 
resort. President Bill Clinton was tying 
up traffic in New York City so he could 
appear at an exclusive dinner on die 
Upper East Side. The event netted 
more than $1 million, including big 
chunks of the kind of soft money teat 
would be outlawed by the campaign 


curity is so d iff erent from other gov- 
ernment programs that it — or its be- 
neficiaries — deserve to be exempt 
from tee strictures that all tee rest face. 

But pefoiqns there is another sense in 
which the Social Security ploy is not so 
phony. If you teinlr of Social Security 


Russia Should Quit Carping and Focus on Its Future Role 


the other spending that the amendment 
also could affect, it becomes fair to 
invoke it The United States is about to 
enter a lengthy period when, for demo- 
graphic reasons, a balanced budget will 
be neither possible nor desirable. When 
the boomers move from the work force 
to the benefit rolls, the government will 
have no choice but to borrow heavily to 
help sustain them — and so it should. 
One of tee principal arguments for re- 
ducing tee deficit today is to mmimim 
the debt that will have to be increased 
tomorrow. The amendment iqnesenls a 
kind of lie to the public about this future, 
which it would vastly complicate. 

The right thing to do is not to put an 
empty promissory note in tee consti- 
tution. Rather, it’s to begin now to 
confront the long-term costs , including 
the cost of Social Security, that are the 
problem- There is no way to make them 
go away entirely, nor should Congress 
try. The increase in die standard of 
living of the elderly over the past 25 
years particularly has been one of foe 
great social accomplishments of the 
century; no one can want to abandon it. 
But the cost can be eased. 

Our quarrel with die present efforts 
to stretch and tug to achieve a tenuously 
balanced budget by die year 2002 is 
that, for the usual political reasons, they 
systematically avoid almost all the 
structural changes that would be nec- 
essary to achieve such an easing. In that 
sense they balance die budget on paper 
only. But paper is better dim the parch- 
ment of the constitution. We say again: 
It will be welcome news if, for 
whatever reason, this amendment dies. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


W ASHINGTON — Only 
Russians can kill Russian 
reform, ju^ as only Russians can 
boOd Russian democracy. This is 
worth keeping in mind as Mos- 
cow’s elites ratchet up their cam- 


By Fred Hiatt 


Time Guys 


c hurning tear it — and not tee 
elites themselves — would be 
responsible for a failure of Rus- 
sia^ experim ent in liberalism. 

Russians wonder, in tones of 
injured surprise, why the nations 
of Eastern and Central Europe 
would want to join NATO’s de- 
fensive alliance. Their puzzle- 
ment is either insincere or re- 
markably insensitive to history, 
fifty yeas after World War fi, 
neij^boring countries still re- 
gard Japan and Germany with 
varying levels of caution, sus- 
picion and resentment — even 
though those fanner aggressors 
have established themselves 
during the past half century as 
peaceful almost to a fault Rus- 
sian tanks, by contrast. Tumbled 
out of Poland and Hungary less 
than a decade ago — no time at 
all in historical terms. 

After World War U, 
moreover, U.S. victors purged 
the leaders of bote defeated 
powers, imposing a new con- 
stitution in Japan and partially 
de-Nazifying Germany. Russia 
on tee other band may have lost 
tee Cold War, but it has un- 
dergone no purge. President 
Boris Yeltsin has apologized few 
the misdeeds of Soviet occu- 
piers, but there is no consensus 
in Moscow that the Soviet Uni- 
on acted badly. The leader of 
Russia’s parliamentary opposi- 
tion, Communist Party chief 
Gennadii Zyuganov, still holds 


up that evil -empire-builder, 
Vl adimir Lenin, as a hero. 

It is Russia, in other words, 
and not the West, that has yet to 
decide what role it should play 
in Europe and the world. Much 
of the younger generation wants 
Russia to evolve as a “normal 
country” — a peaceful, 
prospering nation where they 
can make money and get on 
with their lives and not bother 
anyone else. But others, includ- 
ing many now in power, still 
mourn tee demise of great- 
power status and look to tra- 
ditional of expansion 

and bullying to recapture it. 

Russia’s neighbors know this 
better than anyoraredsr*Es*era^» 
once again independent after 50 
years inside the Soviet Union, 
lias iro territorial dispates with 
its giant neighbor, yet Russia 
refuses to sign a border treaty. 
The message: We don’t accept 
you as a separate country. The 
same holds true in Ukraine. 

When NATO's secretary- 
general recently visited a few 
former Soviet republics, includ- 
ing Georgia and Moldova, Rus- 
sia’s Foreign Ministry protested 
heatedly, as if those nations 
should still meet tee world only 
through Moscow. 

This doesn’t mean, as some 
Russophobes in Washington 
would have it, that Russia is 
genetically or geographically 
destined to resume its imper- 
ialist ways. It means, rather, that 
the debate is unresolved, that 
peaceful and expansionist 
mind-sets coexist, that there is 
— not surprisingly, given the 


upheavals of recent years — 
considerable confusion in Rus- 
sia about how the country 
should define itself. 

Russian leaders point to this 
continuing debate as a reason for 
the Westto go easy on therm In a 
recent interview with The Post’s 
Jim HoagJand and David Hoff- 
man (LHT, Feb. 4), far example. 
Prime Minister Viktor Cher- 
nomyrdin acknowledged that 
Poland’s joi ning NATO 
wouldn’t really threaten Russia- 
Hot Russian nationalists would 
attack the governmenlfar Idling 
it happen, he said;he would have 
to build up tee army in response 
to their attacks; economic re- 


choosing its own direction. Be- 
fore NATO expansion came 
along, die nationalists had other 
issues ■ — U.S. off companies’ 
plot to turn Russia into a “raw- 
materials colony of tee West,” 
for example, or the West’s con- 
spiracy against Russia’s Slavic 
brothers in Serbia — and after 
the NATO issue subsides they 
will find others. 

Just as in China, if foe West 
bases its policy on appeasing 
and mollifying foe nationalist 
forces, those forces will only be 
strengthened. If Russian leaders 
win concessions by raising the 
nationalist specter, then natur- 
ally they will keep on doing so; 
they will feed that monster 
rather than seek to tame it The 


Mr. Chernomyrdin is right inj. that NATO is not an enemy, 
one sense: The debate in MosC. •nghf ktfreShape NATO's mis- 
cow ha* little to do wife NATO siem and right to offer Moscow a 
and a lot to do with Russia’s relationship that will draw it in 


The Old Elite Still Dreams of Empire 


T HE HUMILIATION or iso- 
lation of Russia would not 
serve tee interests of its neigh- 
bors and certainly is not a goal 
of those seeking to join 
NATO. 

There are no-hostile feelings 
toward the Russian people in 
today’s Poland. It is hot the 
Russian people but tile ruling 
elite that cannot reconcile itself 
to tee loss of empire. 

Moscow is opposed not to the 
expansion of NATO but to the 
vary existence of NATO; it 
rightly sees adefeasive military 
alliance as a th rea t to its -am- 


bitions to one day rebuild its 
empire. 

Obviously such dreams re- 
late only to a distant future. 
They do not pose any imminent 
danger. Unfortunately, they do 


The admission of the former 
Soviet satellite states into tee 
North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 
zation would make these long- 
term Russian ambitions unreal- 
istic. Rather, NATO enlarge- 
ment could prompt Russia to 
|KXtept the present borders erf its 
influence as final- Such a 
change in mind-set coukf open a 


new chapter of friendly coope^ 
ation between Russia and iCs 
neighbors. 

Above all, the enlargement 
of NATO — by blocking other 
options — would encourage 
Russia to concentrate its re- 
sources on internal recovery 
and on improving the desper- 
ately low quality of life of its 
long-suffering populace. 

— Jan Nowak, an emissary \ 
for the Polish resistance in 
World War II and a director of r , 
Radio Free Europe’s Polish ' 
Service . commenting in 
The Washington Post. *■ 


finance bill Mr. Clinton has endorsed. 

The Republicans, meanwhile, are 
also determined not to let the biggest 
campaign- financing scandal since Wa- 
tergate interfere with their good times. 
Unmoved try pleas that be use his new 
power to give the nation a fresh start 
toward dean politics, Mr. Lott flew to 
Palm Beach to socialize with 200 of his 
party’s top donors. Asked about calls to 
change toe way candidates raise money, 
he defended unlimited soft-money 
donations as “the American way.” 

At least we learned that a sense of 
irony is not going to be one of Mr. 
Lotrs signature traits. Otherwise he 
would not have chosen todenounce the 
worthy remedy of public financing of 
elections as “food stamps for politi- 
cians” while enjoying a corporate-fin- 
anced getaway. 

—THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


la China, the Interregnum Won’t Necessarily Be Peaceful 


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P ARIS — The future of 
China is commonly de- 
scribed as politically unsure, 
with economic development the 
remedy (on the simplistic as- 
sumption that markets create 
democracy). More likely is teat 
China’s troubles in the future 
will be economic, with political 
upheaval the resulL 

The dynasty created by Mao 
Zedong is near its end. what is 
to replace the reign of peasant 

c ommunism remains imlm own. 
It is premature, and rash, to 
think mat it will be democracy. 

The Communist revolution 
arrived at its inevitable Ther- 
midor when Deng Xiaoping 
took supreme power, even if he 
had hiromelf been implicated in 
the ideological turmoil and sav- 
agery of the “Gnat Leap For- 
ward,” and had crushed the 
Tiananmen Square democracy 
movement in 1989. 

Thekfeok>g|ca[idaxatkxi and 
command capitalism for which 
he was responsible brought cor- 
ntption wi them, including cor- 
ruption of foe Communist Party 
itself. The “thW generation” — 
winch by now means tee sons 
and daughters of Party privilege 
— enriched itself at tee ex- 
pense of tee state. 

This has been tolerated by a 
new middle class, a nascent 
democratic civil society, itself 
prospering from the new 
Chinese economy and the post- 
1978 opening to the world. The 
economic transformation tear 
benefits these ruling classes — 
to use a term no doubt incon- 
venient in today’s China — has 
been spectacular, and is what 
foreign visitors and investors 
see, rightly impressing them. 
However, tee distance be- 


By William Pfaff 


tween China’s new classes and 
the Chinese masses is equally 
spectacular. More than 130 mif- 
koa peasants alone have been 
jobless since the decoUectiviza- 
tion of agriculture. That figure 
is more than half the total pop- 
ulation of the United States. 

China’s Labor Ministry fore- 
casts 267 million unemployed 
by the year 2000 — a figure 

. The distance 
between the new 
classes and the ‘ 
masses is huge. 

greater than tee total U.S. pop- 
ulation. China’s own estimated 
population is. of course, 1Z bil- 
lion, but this still means foal pro- 
jected [^employment wffl affect 
something like a fifth of all 
China's people, and tins trans- 
lates into a vastly larger percent- 
age of the active population. 

The new, prosperous China is 
still only' tec facade of eternal 
China. Thirty miles from the 
booming cities are viflr^es that 
one readies only on foot or by 
cart, where living standards are 
often worse than under com- 
munism. Agricultural discon- 
tent is a significant threat to tee 
government. A majorityof peas- 
ants, believe that the new rich 
gained their wealth through cor- . 
ruption. There have been aimed 
clashes between peasants and 
local authorities. 

Workers themselves, told for 
a half-century that tfaew were the 
rulers of Maoist China, today 
too often find themselves aban- 


of the new classes, the new en- 
trepreneurs and foreign in- 
vestors concerned only with re- 
patriating profits made, from 
cheap Chinese labor. 

Regional conflict is also a 
reality. Since 1994 the Com- 
munist Party's Central Com- 
mittee has been urging local au- 
thorities not to resist the 
policies of the central govern- 
ment and to “put foe national 
interest ahead of their own” — 
evidence, of course, that foe op- 

P °Tbe Party itseLpafonte that 
many local Party organizations 
are paralyzed or have lost re- 
spect and authority. The new 
government feces a tangible 
risk of anarchical breakdown. 
Mr. Deng's creation of Special 
Economic Zones, become rich 
enclaves of foreign investment, 
greatly contributed to regional 
tensions. 

Breakdown, is what the 
Chinese most fear, a degener- 
ation of central authority and 
reawakening of forces teat in 
the past have plunged China 

imp rmfinnal and in-, 

temal conflict 

The Western capitals, and 
Washington in particular, make 
heavy weather of human rights 
violations in. China, but Mr. 
Deng, after crushing the 
Tiananmen demonstrations, 
brutally remarked that “tee 
fifes will come .back” to foe 
boneypot; and he was righL 

Outside opinions and pres- 
sures in any case have little 
chance of changing China’s 
sovereign treatment of fts own ' 
people. As iri the Soviet Union, 


that kind of change comes only 
from a conversion of opinion 
among the elites themselves. 
China’s dissidents are testament 
to a moral evolution in political 
society, tut also evidence that 
basic change is distant. China 
fears disorder. This fear will be 
intensified as the inevitable suc- 
cession struggle develops. 

A commentary recently pub- 
lished by the Academy of So- 
cial Sciences in Beijing ob- 
served that in China’s history, 
“when struggles for power be- 
gin, the dynasty disappears. ’ ’ 


The Ching dynasty lasted a 
little more than two and a half 
<xsnturfes, but by the early 19th 
century it was decisively 
weakened by internal struggle 
and unable to resist European 
demands and interference. Four 
decades of straggle followed its 
collapse in 1912. 

The succeeding Red dynasty 
has lasted for a half-century. 
The dynastic interregnum now 
has begun. These rarely have 
been peaceful. 3 

International Herald Tribune. 

Q Los Angela Times Syndicate. 


i 


rather than push it away. But it 
does Russia no favor to suggest 
that it can veto the actions of 
any independent country, no 
matter how small. 

The democrats in Russia 
already know this. They know 
that their best chance to regain 
influence in Eastern Europe qr 
anywhere else is to democratize 
open their economy and grow. 
Mu<te ofthe fulminating now— 
tee threats to redeploy nuclear 
weapons, to form new militaty 
alliances and so on — represents 
negotiating taetks. The danger 
is teat Russia, with its weakened 
chief executive, won’t be able to 
poll back from those threats 6 
accept a bargain teat could serve 
its interests as well as tee West’s. 
*3*heWest camhdpbyofferinga 
fair deal while refusing to 
pander. In tee aid, though, Rus^ 
sia wifi have to choose. 

The Washington Past. \ 




- 

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■ S'':-.- 

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IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND SO YEARS AGO 

1897 : Treaty On Korea McRae, has called public atteq- 




ST. PETERSBURG —The Of- 
ficial Messenger to-day [Feb. 
24] publishes me text or a treaty 
concluded between Russia and 
Japan cm tee subject of Korea. 
Korea retains fm liberty of ac- 
tion in home arid foreign policy. 
Russia and Japan declare their 
support of the King of Korea in 
assuring order. Tbisend can only 
be secured by a force of native 
troops and police. The treaty de- 
clares teat us object is to remove 

foreign troops from Kaiea. 

1922: A Tobacco Ban? 

NEW YORK — Enthused by 
tear success in national liquor 
prohibition, radical reformers 
have concentrated teen- efforts 
' on a nation-wide ran^ppjg n to 
ban tobacco. The movement wffl 
take foam with an observation of 
“No Tobacco Day” on March 
23 throughout Arkansas. The 
Governor of Arkansas, Thomas 


McRae, has called-publtc atteq- ! 

tion to the great strides made by JjSp*. 
th e ant i-tobacco faction in thesr ^ f 

campaign to secure a 20th (S,* 

amendment to the Constitution, (h* 

prohibiting tobacco use. 

1947s German PWs ^ 

PARIS — France has asked the . 
United States to agree to a delay '>> 
m the release of some 440,000 v 

German prisoners of war loaned 
tote French far reconstruction 
work, the Foreign Ministry au? ■' a" 1 ' 

nounced yesterday [Feb. 24]. In '1 

jtnote sent to Washington, the Vj." 

Fitnch requested pamissiog n/J 

to keep the prisoners until 1948* ! V‘- 

Tlus move is part of a desperate V 

drive to retain enough man 7 .■* 

power in the country to camr 
our tee Monnet Reconstruction y' : i 

«an, which presupposed tee use ^ 

tt Germ an prisoners when it was - 

«awn up. The Quai d'Orew 
eswnates that PW miners afe 

for 25 per cent V \ ~ 
or the natron’s coal production^ v'% 


Tps\'i; 

s^aV'-l 




v^n 


’ '■ .. 









INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


i >; 


OPINION/LETTERS 


ll* i utiin K 


A. Chorus of Discord 
Over Sex Harassment 


By Ellen Goodman 


"DOSTON — Lei' s take this 
JJ°nce again from the top. 
Maestro, if you please. 

Some weeks ago. in a column 
on the Paula Jones suit. 1 added 
one little musical phrase suggest- 
ing that even Mrs. Jones’s ver- 
sion of her encounter with Bill 
Chnton, governor of Arkansas, 
did not nse to the legal level of 
sexual harassment. 

This struck a chord — a dis- 
sonant chord — with an entire 
glee club of readers, including 
some who said they were usually 
in harmony with my views. They 
responded by all available mails 

electronic, voice and snail — 
but they were generally playing 
one note. 

How is ii possible, they asked, 
that even her description of what 
happened wasn’t s exual harass- 
ment? If dropping your trousers 
and requesting someone to kiss 
your private parts isn't sexual 
harassment, what cm earth is? 

It turns out that people have 
the same view of sexual harass- 
ment that Justice Potter Stewart 
had of pornography: “I know it 
when I see it.” But, then again , , 
maybe you don’t, even when it 
has distinguishing characterist- 
ics. 

There’s a whole lot of con- 
fusion about what is and isn’t 
sexual harassment, on the part of 
a commander in chief or a drill 
sergeant, in a hotel room or at 
The Citadel military college. 

Allow me to play it again, Sam 
etal. Sexual harassment is a form 


MeM 

QeuAViNG v 


of discrimination. It’s the sex 
part in sex Hisfriminiiri nTi and 
it’s against federal law in two 
contexts: in educational settings 
and in the workplace. 

In the workplace sexual har- 
assment is defined as “unwel- 
come sexual conduct.” That can 
be anything from pressure for sex 
to leering. It can email a specific 
job threat or the creation of a 
hostile environment. 

But the operative word here is 
“unwelcome.” As Judith licht- 
man of the Women's Legal De- 
fense Fund admits wryly, “that 
implies that people get one free 
pass — how else do you know 
it’s unwelcome?” 

After all, “welcome” sexual 
conduct isn’t harassment. The 
law puts the burden on the re- 
ceiver to draw the line. And 
Paula Jones — again, in her own 
version — did that. She said no, 
at which point she says he said, 
“Well, I don’t want to make you 
do anything you don't want to 
do." 

Harassment? I don’t think so. 
Even if you believe every word, 
even if you regard the governor 
as her boss — a stretch — and 
even if you define this scene, a 
hotel room, as a workplace — 
another stretch 1 — it never 
happened again. Nor was her job 
threatened. 

I know there are some new 
melodies being played in the 
sexual harassment song. Re- 
cently. the highest court in Mas- 
sachusetts ruled that sexual ban- 



tering and badgering by a 
heterosexual male boss created a 
hostile environment for his het- 
erosexual male employees. 

But even in the litigious 
United States, there are still 
wrongs for which there are no 
legal remedies. Not every 
of piggish behavior is il 
You can feel h umiliated without 
being fegally sexually harassed. 

Now allow me to change the 
background music to John Philip 
Sousa. 

In public and on TV, the truly 
horrifying tale of two women 
who integrated The Citadel is 
also being casually described as 
“sexual harassment.” 

But so far there appears to have 
been no explicit sexual content in 
their grotesque abuse. The stray 
has less in common with other 
sexual harassment cases than 


with another hazing scandal, the 
pounding of medals into the bare 
chests of paratroopers. Setting 
someone’s clothes on fire sounds 
like plain old assault to me. 

How odd that the term sexual 
harassment is being expanded to 
maximize accusations against 
the cxunmander in chief. But it's 
also being used to minimize re- 
ports of assault at The Citadel or, 
more widely, in the army scan- 
dals in which officers are accused 
of awarding women who were 
their subormnates. 

The laws defining sexual har- 
assment in die military are pretty 
much the same as in any civilian 
workplace, with tire added 
w rinkl e that the military bans 
“fraternization” between super- 
iors and inferiors of either sex. In 
die scandal dial hit the army and 
keeps growing, there’s been a 


tendency to mush together rape, 
harassment and fraternization in- 
to some generic “sexual mis- 
conduct*’ or even a misguided 
dating game. 

At recent Senate hearings on 
tbe issue, Nancy Duff Campbell 
of the National Women's Law 
Center said. “They were crying 
to make light of serious charges 
and say ’hormones will be hor- 
mones.’ ” 

Sexual harassment laws are still 
new and often misunderstood. On 
the whole. I'm more worried 
about tbe charges that are doubted 
thaw those that are doubtful. 

But let me return to the brief 
refrain: What's lurid is not ne- 
cessarily illegal. In the case of the 
president ana Paula I’ll stick to 
my theme song: "It Ain't Ne- 
cessarily So.” 

The Boston Globe. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


The Price of Conniption 

Regarding “ Western Economic Nos- 
trums Are Not What Japan Needs" ( Opin- 
ion , Feb. 51 by Gregory Clark: 

Mr. Clark writes: “Most waste and cor- 
ruption simply results in the tr ansfe r of 
hinds from the honest to the dishonest. The 
resources do not disappear.” 

That is a serious misrepresentation. 
Waste and corruption channel resources 
away from their most (or even near most) 
productive use to often totally unproductive 
activities. True, the resources have not dis- 
appeared, but the benefits from those re- 


sources do disappear or are sharply rednced. 
Moreover, corruption nearly always trans- 
fers income from the poorer segment of 
society to tbe richer. 

If the idea that corruption is no more than 
a benign transfer of resources were to be- 
come accepted wisdom, it would further 
damage countries where corruption is 
already a serious problem. 

JOSEPH J. STERN. 
Jakarta. 

Where Masterpieces Go 
“Saving Britain’s most precious pictures 


has far to go.” writes Souren Melikian 
(“Britain's Imperiled Heritage" Art. Jan. 
11) about art that has been sold to foreigners. 
But if those paintings had never beat al- 
lowed to cross frontiers, most of die 
“losses” Mr. Melikian laments would never 
have crane to Britain in the first place. 

JOHN GRIMOND. 
London. 

Britain and Hong Kong 

The outrage of the British government at 
the impending repeal by Beijing of Hong 
Kong laws on human rights, and at the 


support of this by tbe territory's leader-to- 
be, Tung Chee-Hwa ("New Leader Sup- 
ports Cut in Rights for Hong Kong." Jan. 
24). might have been convincing had those 
laws been promulgated earlier. 

It would have been even more impress- 
ive had the assembly itself that passed them 
been constituted much earlier in the 
colony’s histoiy, and for truly democratic 
reasons, instead of as a futile attempt to 
embarrass the Chinese. I certainly do not 
approve the Chinese attitude, but that of the 
British is pure humbug. 

CJLB. JOYCE. 

Dublin. 


fAbJ!. 9 


The Very Small Big Guy 
And His Life’s Lessons 

By Tony Kornheiser 


ASHENGTON — Let us 
today reflect solemnly upon 
tbe death of Deng Xiaoping. All 
lives are significant, and all deaths 
diminish us. But Deng Xiaoping 
was tbe leader of a quarter of the 
world's population, a man of 
enormous power and influence. 


MEANWHILE 

And so from his death — and from 
his life — we can learn many, 
many important lessons. Such as: 

Smoking is O.K. 

Look, he lived to be 92. And in 
every photograph I’ve seen of 
him. Deng Xiaoping is smoking a 
cigarette. Plus, it's no sissy ci- 
garette. It's, tike, an unfiltered 
Pall Mall. Brown & Williamson 
should come up with a new char- 
acter to compete with Joe Camel. 
It should be a waddling guy in a 
Mao suit named Joe Ping. 

What a guy Deng Xiaoping 
was. Every day of his life he 
smoked cigarettes and ate Chinese 
food. I do that and they call me a 
slacker. He does that, and they 
plaster his obituary all over the 
front page. (Honesily, weren't the 
encomiums delivered by world 
leaders just a little over the top? 
This was a guy who used a steam- 
roller for crowd control. ) 

Another important lesson we 
learn is that size doesn't matter. 
Have you seen pictures of Deng 
Xiaoping standing next to other 
dignitaries? He looks like Snow 
White’s dwarf Grumpy, or maybe 
Bashful. Articles from the 1970s 
report that he was "barely 5 feet 
tall” (about 1 _5 meters'). And that 
was when he was still robust. At 
death, he couldn't have been more 
than 4 feet 2. Nobody is sure ex- 
actly how tall Deng Xiaoping 
was. but let me put it this way: If 
be goes to Disneyland. HE 
CAN’T RIDE! 

(Excuse me, Tony, but we're 
talking about a world leader of 
epic significance. And all you can 
do is make half-witted jokes about 
his name and physical features. 
You. a fat. bald stooge named 
Anthony Irwin Kombeiser.) 

To me, the most amazing fact in 
all the stories I read about Deng 
Xiaoping was that although he 
was the Maximum Leader of all of 
China, he hadn't been seen in pub- 
lic in three years. How is it pos- 
sible that a political leader could 
disappear like that? Come to think 


of it, maybe it was like Wash- 
ington's own fabulous Mayor 
Marion Barry's well-publicized 
hiatus: He was, uh, away. 

Deng Xiaoping was famous for 
modernizing China, opening it to 
the West, but modernization is 
relative. I was in China once, after 
the Seoul Olympics in 1988. (I 
climbed the Great Wall. My heart 
was beating like a rabbit’s when I 
got to the top. The steps are very; 
very steep, sometimes as tall as', 
well, Mr. Deng!) 

At that time Beijing was being 
hailed as a progressive, modem 
city, a city that was considered as 
important to the world as Moscow 
and Washington. But you saw 
donkey cans in the streets of 
Beijing. In the countryside it was 
the 1 2th century . 1 saw large white 
chickens roosting in trees. (Perf 
haps hiding from General Tsao.) 

So. on this solemn occasion, we 
must all reach within ourselves 
and ask, what is the legacy of this 
great man? On the one hand, he 
was a ruthless oppressor of a bil-r 
lion souls. On the other hand, he 
made China sale for Jiffy Lube 
and McDonald's Happy Meals. , 

The most enduring image of 
Deng Xiaoping's political tenure, 
of course, is that indelible pho; 
tograph of an anonymous young 
man standing in the middle of a 
boulevard, defiantly, in front of a 
phalanx of tanks, bringing them to 
a standstill. 

Around the world it was in- 
terpreted as a symbol of the in- 
domitable human spirit, courage 
in the face of overwhelming to- 
talitarian power. And it was. Bull 
don’t remember what happened to 
that guy. He's probably hanging 
by his thumbs in some remote 
province, being fed Taco Bell 
Mexi-Melts. 

You know why Deng Xiaop* 
log’s death has inspired so much 
commentary on radio and tele- 1 
vision, don't you? It's because of 
his comical name. In print it 
doesn't look fimny. But the TV 
and radio announcers love to say 
it, straight-faced: 

“Mister Dung." 

That is so cool. It is like saying 
a naughty word and getting away 
with it. Imagine how much fun die 
TV guys would have if the pres- 
ident of the United States were! 
named Rutherford B. Dewdie? * 

The Washington Post. 



BOOKS 


i hr. nil* 1 


!!, P'*f 


CARY GRANT: A Class Apart 
By Graham McCann. 346 pages. $243)5. 
Columbia University Press. 

Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley 

G RAHAM McCann gets to the es- 
sential point right off the bat 
“Cary Grant was an excellent idea,” he 
writes in the opening paragraph of this 
admirable biography. “He did not exist, 
so someone had to invent him.” 

The man who did was named Archie 
Leach, bran in tbe English city of Bristol 
in 1904. Cary Grant was bom 27 years 
larer, when Leach signed with Para- 
mount and permitted his name to be 
changed. He so liked this name and the 
persona that came with it "that he de- 
voted tbe rest of his life to its refine- 
ment." Small wonder. 


Cary Grant “was that most unex- 
pected but attractive of contradictions: a 
democratic symbol of gentlemanly 
grace. No other man seemed so classless 
and self-assured, as happy with die 
world of music-hall as with the haute 
morale, as adept at polite restraint as at 
acrobatic pratfalls. No other man was 
equally at ease with the romantic and 
with the comic. No other man seemed 
sufficiently secure in himself and his 
abilities to toy with his own dignity 
without ever losing it No other man 
aged so well and with such fine style. No 
Oder man, in short, played the part so 
well: Cary Grant made men seem like a 
good idea. As one of the women in his 
movies said to him: ‘Do you know 
what’s wrong with you? Nothing!’ ” 
All of which is entirely true, and all of 
which raises, for McCann as for every- 


CHESS 


By Robert Byrne 


A LEXANDER Alekhine was noted 
for starting an attack on one flank, 
then unexpectedly shifting to the other 
with spectacular results. Despite his bril- 
liant successes, there were players who 
theorized that this strategem should not 

KMWOVfflLACX 



e d • 

JUMANDflMHTTH 

Postoon after 34 ... Ba« 

work. But his s upp orters noted that tbe 
escape of the first target of attack was 
often bought at die price of leaving the 
new target und er defended and weak. 

A beautiful exa mp le of tins at tackin g 
style was provided by Viswanathan 
Anand in his seventh-round defeat or 
Anatoli Karpov in tbe Las Palmas In- 
ternational Tournament. 

In the Queen’s Gambit Accepted, me 
Order of moves through 4.~b5 , fonts 

returns it- Thus, he shows tiiat his un- 
deriym& practical plan is to leave White 
wife an isolated pawn and to gam un_ 
obstructed development far himself. 

• After 13 Nc5, however, it ww 

Fra Karpov to mobilize farther: 13~J^bd7 

l lets Anand play tbe very strong 14 Nco. 
Accordingly, Karpov anted » 
the queeansxJe pawns withl3_ao. ora 


Anand kept up bis pressure with 14Bf3!, 
again threatening 15 Nc6! 

On 15 Nd5, Karpov might have tried 
15~-Bd5, but after 16 Bf4 Qb6 17 Bd5 ed 
18 Qa4, be would still not have his rooks 
and knight in play. 

With 17._ab 18 Rh5 Qc7, Karpov got 
rid of tbe queeoride pawns, yet after 19 
Bf4 Bd6 20 Bd3, Anand threatened 21 
Bh7I Karpov’s 2Q_Ba6 was an attempt 
to sacrifice his d5 pawn to exchange 
several pieces and pobaps draw an end- 
game, but Anand triggered a powerful 
mating attack with 21Bb7! 

After 21..JKh7 22 Qh5 Kg8 23 Rb3!, 
Karpov might have tried 23~J6, but 24 
Rcl Bc 4 25 Rh3 fe 26 de! Rf4 27 e6! Kf8 

28 Qh8 Ke7 29 Qg7 Ke6 30 Rh6 Kf5 31 
Qf6 Ke4 32 £3 Ke3 33 Qc3 Bd3 leads to 
54 Rel mate. 

On Anand’ s 27 Rg3I, Karpov could 
not rely on 27.. JRg8 because 28 Qg6 RF8 

29 ef Qfl5 30 Bd6 decides tbe struggle. 

After 29 ef. Karpov could not 

29-JU6 because 30 Bg5 Nd7 3 1 
32 Rel wins outright 

After 34_Ba6, Anand’ s switch to at- 
tacking the enemy king from tbe other 
sktemth 35 Qbl! nearly ended tbe con- 
flict After 35.JRf6 36 Bg5, Karpov got 
out of tbe pin with 36. JKcS, but seeing 
feat 37 Qb6 Qd6 38 Bfl5 leaves him with 
no useful move, he gave up. 

QUEEN’S GAMBIT ACCEPTED 


WMK 

Black 

Anaad 

Esipov 

I HB 

d5 

2 <k 

c6 

3 Cl ' 

4c 

4 M 

b5 

5 M - 

eft 

6 ab 

cb 

7W 

Btti- 

8 be 

Bo4 

9 cb 

NW 

19 Be2 

Be7 

11 0-0 

0-0 

12 Nc3 

Bb7 

13 Ne5 

80 

14 BO 

NCR 

15 NdS 

ed 

18 Rbl 
17 Be2 

T 

18Rb5 

QC7 

19 t»4 

Bd6 


Anfcad 

Karpov 

20 Bd3 

Bas 

21 Bh7 

KW 

22 QM 

KgS 

23 Rb3 

Bes 

24 Rb3 

fft 

25 de 
200*7 

a 7 

27 R*3 

Rtf 

S? 7 

as 

30 Ral 

Kd8 

31 H4 

Bb7 

32 Rcl 

Bafi 

33 Ral 

Bb7 

34 Ml 

Btf 

35 Qbl 
38 Bg5 

RfB 

KcB 

and 

-.Resigns 


rate else wbo has attempted to come to 
with tbe phenomenon of Cary 
a perhaps unanswerable ques- 
tion: Where did Archie Leach end and 
Cary Grant begin? Par another way: 
Who, really, was Cary Grant? 

Innumerable stabs have been made at 
these tantalizing mysteries, in newspa- 
per and magazine articles during 
Grant’s long life — he died in 1986, at 
tbe age of 82. vigorous almost to the end 
— and in various biographies published 
in the past decade. 

McCann, who teaches at Cambridge 
University and has written often about 
film personalities, comes closer to giv- 
ing Grant tbe ride he deserves than any- 
one else to date. Such tabloid fodder as 
is to be found in Grant's stray be treats 
forthrightly but in brief: He finds no 
evidence that Grant was homosexual, 
closeted or otherwise; be believes that 
Grant’s difficulties with women — he 
had five wives — arose not from any 
sexual incompatibility but from his 
“perfectionism, his endless lectures on 
dress sense, hair color, correct pronun- 
ciation and table manners”; and he has 
no doubt that fatherhood, which did not 
come to Grant until be was 62, was the 
great joy of his private life. 

It is on Grant the movie star, “the last 
romantic hero,” that McCann property 
focuses his attention. He gives Grant 
high marks for professionalism and hard 
work: “Underneath that suave manner 
and sophisticated style,” Gregory Peck 
said, ‘*he was dyed-in-the-wool, grass- 
roots, down-to-earth show business.” 
McCann is also good on Grant’s films. 
He admires, as well he should, the early 
comedies that may be his greatest 
achievement, bra he is equally enthu- 
siastic about Grant's ability to remake 
hims elf into that “last romantic hero” 
of the later movies, the Hitchcock 
movies most particularly. If anything. 
Grant’s humanity and romantic allure 
intensified as he grew older. Though he 
quit making movies when he was m his 
mid-60s, he retained his power to be- 
guile and bewitch — and to amuse, too 
— right to tbe end. 

He seems to have been a number of 
different people. The Archie Leach side 
of him never lost sight of his roots and 
always kept the Cary Grant side firmly 
based in reality. He often played absent- 
minded, otherworldly fellows and no 
doubt had this ride to himself as well. 

But not merely was he 
professional as an actor, he was a 
boiled businessman wbo protected and 
advanced his interests with unshakable 
resolve. Though in some sense he prob- 
ably was always acting, he convinced 
most of those who knew him well lhai he 
was the genuine article: a decent, 
thoughtful man . 

As McCann points out in his con- 
clusion, Cary Grant brae little resemb- 
lance to the movie stars of today, whose 
“brash and boorish self-absorption 
stands in stark and sour contrast to his 
charming civility.” Sic. transit gloria 
mundL 


.- JonadumYardleyisonthestaffofThe 
Washington Post. 


A two-month 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 
PAGE 10 


Cool Epicenter 
For the 1990s: 
London, Wll 

Mixing and Matching 
For Home and Fashion 


By Suzy Menkes 

Imemaaonai Herald Tribune 

ONDON — “John Galliano came back to look at it three 
tunes." says the antique dealer Adam Bray, holding up 
a multibeaded Masai breastplate. "Donna Karan has 

f bought these African sculptures to inspire her home line. 

-And Christian Lacroix was crazy about this mirror." 

And he isn't joking. 

. For this West London area, near the Portobello market, , has 
become the epicenter of 1990s shopping for what is original and 
eclectic. It is a magnet for twenty some things who want cool 
things for new homes and for young designers who can set up 
bhop away from the high-rent city center. The intermingling of 
-housewares and fashion, of antique, modem and ethnic also 
.corresponds to the current aesthetic: that 1990s style is all in the 
■mix. 

Take Ledbury Road. W 1 1. Opposite Bray's shop window 
of Nigerian pottery displayed with Swedish ceramics on a 
tum-of-the -century French table, is Oguri (at No. 64), where a 




SHOPWATCH 


1960s coat is shown with a beaded African wedding skirt. The 
store offers vintage clothing ( think clean-cut Balenciaga and 
Xtourreges) alongside tribal jewelry (massive Masai earrings) 
and the Japanese designer Sosuke O gun’s own-label 
• menswear. 

/. Bray (at No. 63) says that melding disparate pieces reflects 
« m , generational change in a much-traveled clientele. 

-j. "People don't want to come back to chintz and ma- 
Jbogany," he says. "They understand Zulu pots with Art 
•Nouveau. And in the 1990s. they also want to have things that 
.feel a bit spiritual.” 

•» A shopping expedition in W1 1 might begin at Lulu Guinness 
(66 Ledbury), whose romantic purses are meadow sweet: 
.French floral furnishing fabrics, flower-braid trims and a hint- 
rof-vintage look. At Molly K (at 63a), the graduate from King- 
ston fashion college stocks her own easy designs with an Asian 
oouch. and also friends' craft work, from sculptural jewelry 
Through books with tactile wooden covers. She has two words to 
-him up the WV 1 district: "eclectic and cosmopolitan." 

V Crossing Westboume Grove (a haven of antique shops and 
modem furnishing stores), Nick Ashley (at 57 Ledbury) has 
: turned his personal passion for motorcycle racing into a store 
that sells sturdy modernist clothing in high-performance fab- 
rics, from moleskin pants through fleece shirts and windbreaker 
jackets. The scion of Laura Ashley has kept his family roots in 
-Wales and describes himself as "a practical sort of fellow, 
.more interested in making clothes than making fashion." 

But fashion is coming to W1 1 . Paul Smith is bidding for an 
empty restaurant. Joseph is sniffing around and Ghost is slated 
to move into Ledbury Road, beside Roger Doyle jewelry (at 
38). This store, with its tiny video-screen-size windows set in 
an undulating opaque plastic wall, is a stylish background for 
Doyle's colorful stones set in black aluminum rings. 

T HE litmus test of what'shot in fashion can be found in 
the vintage collection of Sheila Cook, who has cre- 
ated an Aladdin's cave of treasures (in the basement 
of 42 Ledbury). This was the first stop of costume 
designer Penny Rose when she was dressing Madonna for 
"Evita.” Those 1950s dresses are crammed beside Edwardian 
button boots, flappers' chemises. Glam Rock platform boots, 
period jewelry and purses. What are Cook's tips on trends? 
Patterned dresses with bug motifs, and feathers. 

A cup of coffee at Tom’s cafd can be followed by a browse 
through contemporary design stores, like the newly opened 
Space (214 Westboume Grove) with its vivid modem fur- 
niture. or Christopher Farr (at 212) who stocks kilims by 
Romeo Gigli and Rifat Ozbek, a W1 1 local. 

Another specialty is jewelry stores: the fine silver of Dinny 
Hall (at 200) or the colorful gemstones set like Smaities at 
Solange Azagury-Partridge (at 1 71 ), where the decor includes 
colorful walls and a leather floor. 

That striking floor is the work of Bill Amberg, whose nearby 
shop (at 10 Chepstow Road. W2) gives a modem spin to leather. 
Reptile is the season's story with hand-painted python pock- 
eibooks. their colors inspired by “an aquatic feel/’ Amberg — 
who has been a consultant for Donna Karan and Coach Leather, 
designs simple bags and luggage with interesting effects, like 
the new bamboo-print leather. Downstairs is a leather-tiled 
floor, on example of furnishing commissions from armchairs 
through a black leather bed. 

A visit to W 1 1 might conclude with a visit to Clarendon 
Cross, not just for a lunch at Orsino's or Julie’s wine bar, but 
to check out another duster of stores. Virginia is a long- 
standing haunt of supermodels searching for bias-cuc 1930s 
dresses and vintage accessories. A new arrival is The Cross 
<141 Portland Road), where Sam Robinson (ex-SL Martin's 
College student) and Sarah Kean offer the exquisite hand- 
crafted blankets of Asia Harrington (Christy Turlington 
bought one), soaps labeled “clean and serene” and the 
delicate beaded work of Matthew Williamson. An Oriental 
feel pervades the store from shibura scarves to the stationery 
of Nathalie Hambro. 

“We’re passionate about the product — and we wouldn’t 
sell anything we didn't like ourselves. * * says Kean. That could 
be the motto of a generation that is molding an area of London 
to its own eclectic tastes. 



Alan Friedman 
Global Economics 
Correspondent 


ECONOMICS 

Authoritative, 
incisive, perceptive, 
leading; edge reporting. 

If you missed his exclusives in the 
IKT, look for them on our site on the 
Wbrid Wide Web: 


http://www.iht.com 




•Xy./i'H 








'#3 


igp 


In the W1I district of London, where to go for the 
original and the eclectic: From top to bottom, Sarah 
Kean, left, and Sam Robinson at The Cross: Jean 
Patou vintage coat and beaded African skirt at 
Oguri; Sheila Cook with shell-corset and 1950s hat, 
and Adam Bray with Swedish and African pots . 


MAURIZIO GALANTE 


MARCH 1997 

PRESENTATION OF THE PRET-A-PORTER COLLECTION AUTUMN/WINTER 1997/1998 

fOR INFORMATION CONTACT: MAURIZIO GALANTE S.A. 22 RUE OE PALESTRO 75002 PARIS TEL. 01 .55.34. 3A. 55 FAX 01 .55.34.55.50 



On the Runway, Twixt 12 and 18 

The British Shows Are Brimming With Youth 







cardig ans and jackets with narrow empire belts seemed 
repetitive? 

The strength of the collection was the weakness of the 
show. For Miu Miu is about appealing items: an easy ribbed 
sweater with elongated arms; a perfectly tailored flannel 
zjppered top; a wefl -proportioned black velvet jacket; big 
baggy pants. Slits an skirts or jacket badts were a signature. 
Put all together on very young girls, it looked cute but either 
vqy junior or trying very hard. The once-minimalist Miuccia 
Prada had an explanation for the coin-dots and sequin dec- 
orations. “It’s about ma ki ng yourself rich and happy with 
poor things," she said. 

By Monday, grown women had foeir chance to play, as 
Tomasz Starzewski sent out glam clothes for his high- 
voltage clients. But the designer played it cool, reducing 
embellishment to a finely beaded bodice or inserts in a 
stinky dress. The result was upscale dressing with a slim, 
modem silhouette and warm applause from foe front row. 


At left, Miu Miu’s polka-dot dress with seqidned hem, belt and shoes, and, from Vivienne Westwood, Red 
Label, the girlish look of tweed coat and short skirt. 

International Herald Tribune 

L ONDON — With balloons and roses decorating 
the runway and models barely in their teens, foe 
new international fashion season has broken bud. 

Vivienne Westwood's show of ladylike clothes on 
schoolgirl models opened London fashion week cm a sweet, 
quiet note. But elsewhere the city is buzzing with ex- 
citement at being foe capital of cooL 
According to Clinton Stiver, chairman of the British 
Fashion Council, media attendance has doubled for the 
London shows, which now stretch to a full week, to be 
followed by Milan and Paris, with the fell-winter season 
closing in New York in ApriL 
To emphasize London's newly hip status, Prada moved 
its Miu Miu line from New York to the United Kingdom, 
and celebrated with a big bash at a London gentleman’s club 
on Sunday. 

The early shows have emphasized a fresh spirit that is 
putting the children of foe 1980s — 13- to 17-year-olds — 
as models cm the runways. And far from dressing them in 
teen-scene club wear, both Westwood and Miu Miu showed 
sober, simple clothes — give or take thigh-high hemlines. 

Westwood's mission statement was a handwritten letter 
in each program addressed as from a maiden aunt to 
"Rosie," who was exhorted to try the ultimate rebellion: 
not wearing jeans and sneakers, but grown-up clothes with 
high-heel shoes. 

Out came the winsome models in tidy dresses with white 
collars, neat two-pieces in camel and gray or suits mixing 
tweed and plaid. The femininity that usually overflows 
Westwood's corsets came just as the curving line of a 
raglan shoulder or the fluting hem on skirts or cropped 
pants. Jerry Hall, sitting beside her cadaverous husband, 

neckiinejfsmd fluffy metallic mohair coats. This new Red 
Label collection was about outfits and might have shown 
more separate pieces, but it was true to Westwood’s spirit 
d her philosophy that "it is always time to dress up." 

Girlish was also the mood at Miu Miu. And whimsical, 
what with polka-dot patterns and coin-size sequins 
ogling from skirt hems or sparkling on the weirdly ill- 
fitting shoes. Otherwise, the clothes were schoolgirl simple: 
gray tunic dresses and princess coats with twin buttons and 
a slit at the back. The collection was nice enough, but did it 
really need to be seen on the runway, where the zippered 


A FTER genteel clothes, it was good to see Seraph 
— foe junior line of Ghost — showing some 
Anglo-Saxon attitude, by veiling punched leather 
in shrouds of tuUe and by giving simple clothes a 
subtie medieval theme. That meant fleecy tabards or full- 
sleeved smocked shirts worn with pants — the kind of 
funky historicism British designers do well. 

Inventive cutting may be foe way to enliven minimalist 
fashion, but Owen Gaster Just seemed to strive too hard for 
effects with his jackets felling into handkerchief points at the 
side and a godet unfurling at the front of his dresses. Star- 
shaped seaming in the back of a coat revealed Gaster's 

or stripes of different 1 fabric on a polo^^t^Lemei/ con- 
trived. 

The high drama of the London season is over the hotel war, 
as the fashion pack divides between The Hempel. the min- 
imalist white temple in West London from fashion designer 
Anouska Hempel and The Metropolitan on Old Park Lane. 
That hotel — all glass, plain, pale walls with touches of 
chalky mauve and green — opened last week as the latest 
creation of the fashion entrepeneur Christina Ong, who has 
had Donna Karan dress the hotel staff and Issey Miyake 
clothe the personnel in foe booked-up Nobu restauranL 

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BUSINESS/FINANCE 


TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


PAGE 11 


Animation: 
Hollywood’s 
Gold Rush 

Pixar’s Toy Story’ 
Provides Profit Motive 


NEW YORK — There's an amrrt- 
adOT gold rush on in Hollywood. Major 
studios are eager to imitate the success 
of Pixar Inc., the company fear made the 
computer-generated film "Toy Story" 
for Walt Disney Co. 

Salaries ■ for experienced animators, 
wnters. directors and producers have 
more than doubled in the last three 
years, Nancy Newhouse, a Los Angeles 
attorney who represents animati on pro- 
fessionals, estimates. Six-figure in- 
comes are common, she says, and a 
handful of animation direct o rs now 
make more than $1 milli on a year. 

Twentieth Century Fox, a unit of News 
Corp.; Warner Brothers, a unit of Time 
Warner Inc.; Dreamworks SKG; Viacom 
Inc.; and Universal, a unit of Seagram 
Co., axe making sizable investments to 
build up their animation efforts. 

Disney's blockbusters of the 1990s — 
"Beauty and the Beast," "Aladdin,” 
“Lion King" and “Toy Story" — have 
firmly focused Hollywood’s attention 
on both the popularity and (he prof- 
itability of successful animated movies. 

While a five-action movie that pro- 
duces $200 million in profit is deemed an 
enormous success, “Toy Story," for ex- 
ample, is expected to generate total 
profits from the box office, videos, com- 
puter games and merchandising of nearly 
$400 million in the two years since its 
release in the 199S holiday season. 

Hie allure of animation is obvious, 
but the odds for die Disney imitators are 
long. “There is this rush into animation 
now, but it remains to be seen if anybody 
besides Disney can really succeed," 
said George Lucas, the director. “That 
talent machine hasn’t been nurtured 
over the years, except at Disney." 

“ Pixar is a pioneer m the use of digital 
technology. Films that are entirely com- 
puter animated, like ‘Toy Story," have 
a three-dimensional quality as well as 
detailing that is considerably different 
than die signature look of hand-drawn 
animated features since "Snow White 


The $400 Million Man 


Whether cflgitaBy assembled or hand drawn, all animation starts with an artists sketches 
and stery boards. The stmflartties end there. Here is a took at the cflfferences between 
Disney's traditional hand anima- 
tion, like that used in the forth- 
coming movie, “Hercules,' end 
the digital animation that Pixar usi 
fn Toy Story, ' which is expected t 
generate $400 mfllton in prof i ts. 


r 




^ ■' Framework 

A DIGITALLY 

RfiHkxis of Hnca 

Characters, Hke Woody, 
are translated from ctaiy 
models into digitized ones 
— made of mUons of fries 
linked to make polygons. 

> MANUALLY 

A Hundreds of Ones 
All characters start with a 
rough pendl sketch by the 
lead animated: These are 
copied and refined by 
another artist. The most 
complex characters, Bee 
Hercules, are made up of 
hundreds of fries. 




Color 


DIGITALLY g 

Millions of colora ^ 

The computer has mSDons 
of colors available to It 
Once the model is created, 
the surface is colored. The 
computer wH adjust for the 
light source, the Hght color, 
shadows and reflections on 
the object . 

MANUALLY S 

■nln— A 

ramcraoGov colors r 
This is the ordy cfigHal stage 
In Disney's animation process. 
Clean drawings are scanned 
Into a computer and colored by 
artists, bid the colors are largely 
determined by an art c* rector. 


Motion fh 

DIGITALLY S 
Computerized motion 
Key frames (n a scene are 
built by an animator. Then 
a computer flls In the 
actions in between that 
wfll make the motion look 
fluid In the Om. 


MANUALLY f 
Hand-drawn motion 
The lead animator for a 
scene draws the key 
frames, but one or two Tn- 
betweenere" draw 
the steps tint complete 
the fluid motion. The 
faster the motion In the 
scene, the more drawings 
the lead animator 
completes to get the 
subtleties just righL 


TfacNow Yort Times 


and fee Seven Dwarfs" in 1937. 

But even the making of predomin- 
antly hand-drawn animated films has 
been transformed by technology. Today, 
much of the laborious painting and tra- 
cing, once done by hand, is done by 
computer. 

“It’s like finding a magic pencil," 
Frank Thomas, 84, a framer Disney 
animator, said of fee new technology. 
“ So many of the things we used to sweat 
over, you don’t have to do anymore." 

Despite its encouraging start, both 
artistically and as a technology leader, 
Pixar illustrates fee challenges of build- 
ing an animation sttidio and an animation 


Siemens Cuts India Investment 

As Boom Sputters , German Firm Hedges Its Bets 


By John Schmid 

Imemaaoaal Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — The German elec- 
tronics company Siemens AG has 
halved its investment plans and scaled 
back operations in India, Siemens said 
Monday, in a sign feat the boom un- 
leashed by fee nation's 1991 economic 
liberalization may be spuming. 

The company, which enjoyed annual 
sales growth in India of 30 percent in the 
four years after 1991, will post losses in 
its In dian operations for the first time 
since Siemens established operations 
there 75 years ago, Rolf Schlotfeldt, 
executive director for the company's 
Asian operations, said in an interview. 

Siemens Ltd., fee Indian division, 
also p lans to lay off most of its 1,000 
temporary workers. Its 8,200 regular 
staff will not be affected, Mr. Schlot- 
feldt said. 

Wife interest rates in India exceeding 
20 percent, customers are reluctant to 
invest in fee kind of big-ticket projects 
feat Siemens offers, such as telecom- 


munications and power generation, Mr. 
Schlotfeldt said. 

Growth in industrial production, 
which last year amounted to more than 
10 percent, has slowed abruptly this 
year to below 6 percent. At the same 
time, inflation has risen to a rate of about 
8 percent a year. 

"We regret committing massive in- 
vestments in telecommunications and 
power generation In line wife the lib- 
eralization euphoria generated by the 
In dian government," a Siemens direc- 
tor, Guenter Wilhelm, told The Eco- 
nomic Times, an Indian business news- 
paper. 

“The demand in these areas has not 
developed to fee extent that industry and 
the government expected it to grow," 
Mr. Wilhelm said. "Consequently, we 
are forced to terminate some of our 
manufacturing facilities." 

The company stopped manufacturing 
fiber-optic cable at its plant in Aur- 
angabad, in the state of Maharashtra. 
But Mr. Schlotfeldt denied fee news- 
paper’s account that the move meant 


layoffs and a plant closure. The 35 em- 
ployees will continue to work in other 
operations at Aurangabad, he said. 

"The situation is quite serious and 
the chances of improvement in the near 
future are quite bleak," said Juergen 
Schubert, managing director of die In- 
dian operations. 

In the current financial year, which 
ends March 31, the company has 
slashed its investment plans to 50 mil- 
lion Deutsche marks ($29.6 million) 
from the 95 milli on DM that was orig- 
inally budgeted, Mr. Schlotfeldt said. 

The Indian operations posted a loss of 
240 million rupees ($6.7 million) in the 
first financial naif and expects die same 
shortfall in the second, he said. 

“We will have to trim our organi- 
zation to suit the changing conditions,!* 
Heinz-Joachim Neubuerger, executive 
director of Siemens Ltd., told the news- 
paper. The company plans to consol- 
idate its Indian manufacturing opera- 
tions, reduce staff and "render large 
premises vacant which could be put to 
profitable use," he said. 


German Tax Talks Fail to Bridge Rift 


business. Its history goes back, more than 
a decade, and its future is still uncertain. 

Id 1986, Steve Jobs purchased fee 
computer graphics unit from George 
Lucas for less than $10 million. The 
computer graphics group, known as 
Pixar, was a small mam of c ompu t er 
scientists and film makers who were 
smitten wife the notion of making com- 
puter-animated feature films. 

Pixar’s advanced graphics techno- 
logy impressed Mr. Jobs, fee co-founder 
ofAppfe Computer Inc. 

In the 1980s, Pixar’s technology was 

See PIXAR, Page 15 


By John Schmid 

Inurnatioaal Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Negotiations be- 
tween Germany’s government and op- 
position politicians foiled Monday to 
bridge deep ideological differences on a 
plan to overhaul the tax system as a 
means of attacking record unemploy- 
ment 

Both sides remained as for apart after 
the three-hour talks as they were at the 
start, said Oskar I jfnntaine , chairman 
of the opposition Social Democratic 
Party. The negotiations resume Friday. 

Mr. Lafontaine said he was not dis- 
appointed because such talks typically 
are slow. But the lack of progress in the 
first round deprived the talks of the 
"positive signal" Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl had hoped they would yield. 

Speaking of the need to achieve tbs 
ruling coalition’s goals for tax reform, 
an official in Mr. Kohl’s parliamentary 
bloc said; “We have only one shoL" 

Concerns are centered on what has 
become to many the most important 
yardstick for measuring whether tax re- 


form will succeed in bolstering business 
confidence, investment and hiring; a 
significant cut in Germany's top income 
tax rate of 53 percent and in business tax 
brackets that begin at 45 percent. 

High taxes are blamed for driving 
businesses out of Germany, shacklin g 
the economy and gouging personal in- 
come. Wife unemployment at a new 
record of 4.7 million, the highest since 
1933, the government’s main jobless 
remedy — tax reform — automatically 
has become its top political priority. 

Tax reform is "one of the last big 
chances for politicians to win fee battle 
against unemployment," said Guido 
Westerwelle, general secretary of the 
Free Democrats, a junior partner in the 
government coalition. 

Many in Bonn worry that posturing 
over fee top benchmark rate has torn 
deep internal rifts both within Mr. 
Kohl’s coalition and among the Social 
Democrats, raising the likelihood that 
the symbolically important top bracket 
will be vulnerable to trade-offs and that 
only a half-hearted reduction will 
emerge from the haggling. 


Heading into the talks, neither side 
was able to heal internal differences 
over the top rate. Finance Minister Theo 
Waigel. who headed Mr. Kohl’s tax 
reform commission, wants to cut fee 
peak income tax rale to 39 percent and 
business taxes to 35 percent But allies 
wi thin the coalition continue to demand 
income tax cuts to 35 percent, a rate that 
Mr. Waigel insists would lead to deficits 
that cannot be filled. » 

Mr. Lafontaine, who led his party’s 
delegation at the talks, has spoken in 
favor of keeping the top rate at 53 per- 
cent or trimming it only modestly, a 
strategy meant to keep the tax burden on 
those best suited to pay. His party col- 
leagues have expressed a unde range of 
other opinions. i 

Setting the tone, Mr. Kohl made it 
clear that fee top rate would be a make- 
or-break aspect of fee package. 

Other European nations like Austria 
have attracted new investment by cut- 
ting their top rate; Mr. Kohl said just 
before die talks. "If we do not do feat," 
he warned, "we will see that investment 
bypasses us." 


thinking Ahead /Commentary 

U.S. Sanctions Fad Cries for Restraint 


PRIVATE BANKING 


By Reginald Dale 

InUTWUkmal Herald Tribune - 

WASHINGTON — Though history has shown that they 
rarely work, economic sanctions are once again in vogue. 
So much so in fact that, especially in the United States, they 
risk getting out of hand. 

If they continue to proliferate unchecked, they threaten to 
undermine the international trading system and cause fur- 
ther tensions between fee United States and its allies. 

Sanctions are being espoused not just by Congress and the 
administration, but by stales 


and even cities — usually 

without any serious attempt Allies clearly cannot 

dictates their foreign 

wife international law. States sabotage acco) 

Although they are os- 

tensibly intended to pro- 

mote human rights and democracy around fee world, sanc- 
tions today often have more to do with domestic than 

international politics. , ... 

Tlieir victims are more likely to be U.S. multinationals 
and other international companies than fee governments 
against which they are officially directed. Increasingly, fee 
sanctions’ authors seek to impose U.S. laws on foreign 
corporations beyond America’s shores. 

Themost glanng example is the latest ati^Jtby Congress 
to extend the u.S. trade embargo agamst Cuba by penalizing 
non-American companies for 
propriaied from Americans by Fidel Castro s regime. 

Sofar the exercise has done less to™ £> Havana than to 
U.S. relations wife its allies, who find Washmgtons as- 
sertion of extraterritorial jurisdiction totally unacas^te. 
Similar objections apply to U5 . moves agamst foreign 

companies investing in Libya and,™-. 

^SoSi7insidious are less visible localteycote^su^aste 

rcfcsal by Massachusetts to grant contracts ® 

do business wife Burma. As the European Union nas noted. 


Allies clearly cannot accept that Congress 
dictates their foreign policies or that 
states sabotage accords with Washington. 


such “selective purchasing’’ legislation violates UJS. com- 
mitments to international trade agreements. But more is on the 

way. Other states are considering following Massachusetts, 
and San Francisco already has a similar law. 

It is not easy for America's allies to know bow to respond 
to all this. If they complain too loudly, they risk reinforcing 
lire impression, already widely held in the United States, that 
they are more interested in business than in human rights. 

But the allies clearly cannot accept that Congress dictates 
feeir foreign policies or that states sabotage trade accords 
reached wife Washington. 

Some disputes — espe- 
dally where tire states are 
accept that Congress concerned — can and 

... . should be referred to the 

policies or tnat World Trade Organization 

fa with Washington. “ 

more political issues tike 

the Cuban embargo. The EU was wrong to take it there. 

The most pressing need is for the United States and its 
allies to get together and work ont a realistic common 
approach to the whole question of sanctions: what they can 
achieve, when they should be applied and against whom. 
The obvious place to do that is in the Group of Seven 
leading Industrialized nations. 

The hodgepodge of Western policies is totally incon- 
sistent. The United States is against linking trade to human 
rights in China but in favor of it in Cuba. The Europeans are 
against the Cuban embargo but ready to contemplate sanc- 
tions against Burma. 

Some principles seem to be agreed The Europeans say 
they will act only in the case of an international consensus, 
such as used to exist about South Africa and still does about 
Iraq. The Americans say they will not do business wife 
terrorist countries, although there are same exceptions. 

But fee first step toward order in the debate should be to 
accept — as Cuba has shown and Burma wiL doubtless show 
— that mast trade sanctions are counterproductive. 


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We’re not just on the map. 
We’re all over it 


It's not only our vast worldwide 
network that keeps us at your 
side at all times. 

It's our total commitment to serving 
your unique demands, wherever 
you may be. 

From the time we opened our 
first office in Switzerland in 1876, 
Credit Lyonnais has earned an 
enviable reputation for Private 
Banking based on dialogue and 
personal relationships. 

The founder of Credit Lyonnais, 
Henri German, expressed it most 
succinctly when he created the 
bank’s motto: 





“Business is people, not just 
figures'. 

This has been the very essence 
of our banking philosophy from 
generation to generation. 

We listen well to our clients' pri- 
orities as we help them navigate 
diverse and fast- changing finan- 
cial markets. Perhaps that is why 
today we manage more than 
9 million private accounts. And 
why we are often cited as a world 
reference bank for the private 
customer. 

But there is yet another dimen- 
sion to a successful banking 
partnership. 

Your banker must make 
sure you get where 
you want to go. 
Providing innovative 
solutions and insight- 
ful answers through 
in-depth resources and 
experience in the 
world's leading mar- 
ketplaces. 



Our Geneva subsidiary, specialized 
in Private Banking since 1376. 

Credit Lyonnais’ Private Banking 
network can always put the finan- 
cial technology and expertise you 
need at your finger tips. Precisely 
when you need it 
The combined strength of these 
two dimensions - dose, trusting 
partnerships and vast global 
resources - creates something 
unique in Credit Lyonnais Private 
Banking. 

Let’s talk. 


CREDIT LYONNAIS 


Switzerland: Geneva tel. 41 22/705 66 66 - Headquarters for Credit Lyonnais International Private Banking 
Basle tel 41 6]/28422 22-Zujuco7H_4] I /2 17 86 86* Lugano ra. 41 91/92351 65 
Paris tel 33 1/42 95 03 05 • Luxembourg tel 352/476 831 442- London tel 44 171/499 91 46 
Monaco tel 377/93 15 73 34 - Vienna tel 431/531 50 120 - Montevideo tel 598 2/95 08 67 - Miami tel I 305/375 78 14 
Hong Kong tel 852/28 02 28 88 • Singapore tel 65/535 94 77 






PACE 2 


, runmT— — " -T"*™ SATUKPAY-SUNPAY, FEBRUARY I-L 1997 





'PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 


Investor’s America 

T-Bond Yiefd 




157 — 


— 115 



SON D J F 

1896 1997 


' ' S ' O N o' J F 

1996 1997 


Exchange Index ’ . Monday.. Ptw. % 

©4PM Ctose- Change 

NYSE The Dow ‘ 7QqaJ20 6831.68 +f-1Q 

nyse S&P5Q0 emaft join ■ +i:06 

NYSE S&P100 ■ .. . 76*90 . 701.00 . +101 

NYSE Composite 424.48: 421.Q1 " +0.B2 . 

U.S. Nasdaq Composite 134SJ34 1334J31 +0.83 

AMEX Market Value ' S$S.-07 ' 5&7^6 +0,14 

Toronto TSE Index 624^20... 622330 \ +Q.3Q 

Sao Paulo Bovespa 89S9SL55 B71%-17~ 4=8.75 

M exico Ctty Boba 38B&43 -3867.96 +053 

Buenos Afros Mental 75B-03 740-38 +3.38 

-Santiago IPSA General 536&S3 5362.35 +0.09 

Caracas. Capital General €697.06 6853,07 +0.66 

Sm/fce Bloomberg. Rooters Imenuunnul Herald Tribute 

Very brief ya 

• Loral Space & Communications Ltd. is buying the 49 
percent of Space S.vstems/LoraJ held by its four European 
partners for $374 million in cash and Loral stock. 

' • ReliaStar Financial Corp. is buying Security -Connecti- 
cut Corp. for $488 million in stock and assumed debt, 
forming the 1 1 th-largest publicly held U.S. life insurer. 

• IV. R. Grace & Co. wifi sell its specialty polymers business 
'to National Starch & Chemical Co. for $147 million. 

-• H.vaU Hotels Corp. will spend $1 billion over the next three 
years to acquire 20 to 30 hotels and resorts in North America. 

• UST Inc. announced the resignations of its chief financial 
‘officer. John Bucchignano, and the president of its ILS. To- 
bacco unit. Robert Rothenberg. amid differences over the 

‘-future of the company. 

• Republic Industries Inc will buy new-car dealership groups 
; in Miami and Houston for about $75 million in stock. 

-•Alan Greenspan, the chairman of the Federal Reserve 
Yjoard. will deliver the second pan of his semiannual testimony 
'on the economy to the House Banking Committee on March 5, 

six days later than had been scheduled. Bloomberg 

' r Weekend Box Office 

The Associate J Press 

, „ LOS ANGELES — “The Empire Strikes Back" dominated 
the U.S. box office over the weekend, with a gross of $22 J5 
million. Following are the Top 10 moneymakers, based on 
Friday ticket sales and estimated sales for Saturday and 
-Sunday. 


Chubb to Sell Life Business 


C-vnpOnt bj Ow Sktf Pram DafUKba 

WARREN, New Jersey — 
Chubb Corp. agreed to sell its life 
insurance business to Jefferson- 
Pilot Corp. for $875 million, as it 
moves to focus on property and 
casualty insurance, the company 
said Monday. 

The sale of Chubb Life Insur- 
ance Co. of America would give 
Greensboro. North Carolina-based 
Jefferson-Pilot a company with $5 
billion in assets, feeding its plans 


to grow by acquiring smaller 
rivals. Chubb gets out ofa business 
it says is too small to operate prof- 
itably and will use the proceeds to 
buy back stock. 

“The consolidation sweeping 
life insurance is creating an in- 
dustry where scale has become ex- 


smaller 


tremely important,” Chubb’s 
chairman. Dean O’Hare, said. 

After the sale, Jefferson-Pilot 
would have $160 billion in life in- 
surance assets, 2 million customers 
and a sales force of 25,000. 

Small life insurers are finding it 
difficult to compete with larger 
rivals because they must spread 
their costs among fewer custom- 
ers. Chubb's life insurance unit 
accounted for just 6 percent of 
profit in 1996. 

Chubb instead wants to invest in 
expanding its property and cas- 
ualty business, especially outside 
the United States, analysts said. 

Chubb, based in warren. New 
Jersey, ranks 12th among U.S. 
property and casualty companies 
but 67th among life insurers. 


Chubb shares rose 75 cents to 
$58.75 in late trading, while Jef- 
ferson-Pilot rose $1.75 to 

$59,375. (Bloomberg, NYT) 

■ Raytheon Seeks to Sell Unit 

Raytheon Co. is looking for a 
buyer for its Amana appliance unit 
as a way to reduce the $11 billion 
in debt Raytheon will incur in ac- 
quiring defense businesses from 
Texas Instruments Inc. and Gen- 
eral Motors Corp., news agencies 
reported from Boston. 

The unit known for Amana 
ovens and Speed Queen washers, 
had sales last year of $1.5 billion, 
about 12 percent of the company’s 
sales of $12.26 billion. Analysts 
said a sale could bring SI billion to 
pare debt. (AP. Bloomberg ) 


Asian 6 G-6’: New Market Mover? 


Bloomberg Nen's 

WASHINGTON — The “Six 
Markets Group,” or Asian G-6, has 
the potential to wield significant in- 
fluence on exchange rates, analysts 
said Monday. 

The United Slates and five Asian 
governments — Australia, China, 
Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore — 
are to announce next week the form- 
ation of what they hope will evolve 
into an Asian version of the Group 
of Seven leading industrial coun- 
tries, U.S. officials said Monday. 

The group will monitor exchange 
rates, financial markets and economic 
developments in those nations. 

Although it will take some time to 
develop, the group will be modeled 


on the G-7 — which comprises Bri- 
tain, Canada, France, Germany, 
Italy. Japan and the United States. 
The G-7 includes central bankers 
and shies away from initiatives to 
promote trade and investment 

The G-7’s influence, particularly 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE ~~ 

over exchange rates, has been 
keenly felt The group issued a state- 
ment in Berlin earlier this month 
declaring a “major misalignment” 
in foreign-exchange markets had 
ended. 

The statement helped stabilize 
the dollar, which had been appre- 
ciating rapidly against other major 


Stocks Rally on Hopes 
For Technology Shares 


currencies, particularly against the 
yen. 

■ Dollar Slips Before Speech 

The dollar fell against other major 
currencies late Monday as investors 
took defensive positions before the 
semiannual testimony to Congress 
by Federal Reserve Board Chairman 
Alan Greenspan, Age nee France- 
Presse reported from New York. 

The dollar slipped to 1.6725 
Deutsche marks from 1 .6883 DM in 
late trading Friday, and to 122.025 
yen from 123.255 yen. It dropped to 
5.6415 French francs from 5.6990, 
and to 1.4565 Swiss francs from 
1.4710. The pound rose to $1.6345 
from $1.6180. 


CmpBrdfy Oar SuS From Dhpachn 

NEW YORK — Stocks finished 
higher Monday, having shaken off 
some early weakness as bargam- 
hunting investors started to nibble 
at bellwether technology shares that 
have been battered by a week of 
profit-taking. . , 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age dosed at 7,008.20 points, up 
76-58. The 30-stock index reboun- 
ded from an early 26-point drop. 
Advancing issues barely . out- 
numbered dec liners on the New 
York Stock Exchange. 

Broader measures also turned 
higher, with the Standard & Poor’s 
500-stock index up 8.52 points at 
81029. 

The technology-laden Nasdaq 
market, mired in a five-session los- 
ing streak, struggled past more 
selling pressure in computer-in- 
dustry leaders such as Cisco Sys- 
tems and Intel. The Nasdaq Com- 
posite index finished at 1.345.25, 
up 10.93. 

Technology shares were also 
showing some strength cm the Big 
Board, where Micron Technology, 
the roost active issue, was up. IBM 
also rose; the computer giant was 
the Dow’s biggest gainer after 
Philip Morris. 

“Technology has been the lead- 
ership — thatis where the market is 
taking its cues,” said Joseph De- 
Marco, head of equity trading at 
HSBC Asset Management, which 
manages $4 5 billion. 

The Morgan Stanley High Tech 
Index rose 4J5 to 38 3-51 late 
Monday, recovering front four ses- 
sions of losses. 

Merck, another Dow component, 
rose as investors bought shares of 


companies seen as most likely to 
deliver strong first-quarter earnings. 

“The market is more interested 
in the stocks that are earning well 
now than those that may earn well 
in the future.” said Barbara Marcin, 
who helps manage more than $75 
billion at Citicorp Asset Manage- 
ment “Merck is one of those 
companies.” . 

The gains in stocks came despite 
a weak bond market, where the 
yield on the 30-year Treasury bond, 
a key determinant of corporate and 

U.S- STOCKS . 

consumer borrowing costs, rose as 
high as 6.6 7 percent from late Fri- 
day’s 6.64 percent; it was at 6.65 

percent late Monday. - 

Traders and investors said that 
bonds would not gain much before 
Federal Reserve Chairman Alan 
Greenspan testifies to Congress on 
Wednesday and the Treasury sells 
$30 billion of new debt during the 

next two days. 

“Greenspan’s resiimony is prob- 
ably the most important thing all 
week,” Mr. DeMarco said. “The 
economic calendar is light, and 
there isn’t much in the way of earn- 
ings.” 

Shares of forest-products compa- 
nies had their biggest one-day rally 
since April, helped by optimism 
that coaled -paper prices are rising, 
inventories are falling and orders 
are picking up. 

Mead Corp., Champion Interna- 
tional and Consolidated Papers all 
rose after an analyst at Morgan 
Stanley raised his ratings to “out- 
perform” from “neutral.” 

(AP. Bloomberg) 


STATUS: Cellular Phones , Even at Premium Prices , Appeal to Egyptians in Search of Social Success 


1. The Empire Strikes Back 
Z Star Ware 
X Absolute Power 

4. Dante's Peak 

5. Vegas Vocation 
0. Foots Rush m 
7. Thai Dam Cat 
B. Rosewood 

Jerry (Maguire 
TO. The Engfish Patient - 


<3*7 coney Fad 

mcerturfimi 

(Columbia Pictures) 
(Universe!) 

(Warner BmsJ 

(Columbia PkJvrvs) 
(Watt Disney) 
(Warner B/kl) 
(Tri-Star) 

(Miramax) 


mas n«ian 
SllmHan 
S9 million 
17 million 
S6X minim 
SSJmJJJfon 
KUmffltai 
5X2 mSBon 
SXI mffltan 
SZBmKHon 


Continued from Page 1 

government, its operator, is anti- 
cipating that a flood of revenue will 
be generated by the newly installed 
comprehensive network of Global 
System for Mobile (GSM) lines. 

Egypt’s telecommunications sec- 
tor is one of the nation’s largest 
moneymakers, ranJtingjust after oil, 
tourism and the Suez Canal. It 
brought in about 2.7 billion Egyp- 
tian pounds ($795 million) in recent 
years; in 1997, revenues are expec- 
ted to top $1 billion. 

The government had kept the cel- 
lular telephone project buried in a 
bureaucratic bin for several years, 
largely because of fears the system 


would be difficult to monitor and 
Islamic militants would use it to 
coordinate attacks. But last year, it 
began a concerted push to get the 
system operational. 

Egyptians were tantalized with a 
barrage of full-page newspaper ad- 
vertisements and imposing bill- 
boards. Four major exhibitions on 
cell phones have been held in Cairo, 
and two lull-color mobile-phone 
magazines are now on the market 

In a country where getting a 
phone line can mean waiting for 
years, walking around with the high- 
priced new gadget turns heads. 

“An Egyptian businessman came 
to our office saying he just wanted to 
buy, one handset.” said a salesman 


with Systel, a company selling Mo- 
torola phones, adding, 1 ‘He then de- 
cided to buy three more: one green 
for his wife, and one red and one 
yellow for his two daughters.” 

The coming of cellular phones is 
part of a change in approach that the 
authorities said marked a shift to a 
new way of running the telecom- 
munications business. Othman Lut- 
fy, the former chairman of Egypt’s 
telecommunications authority and 
the moving force behind the de- 
velopment of GSM, sees the mobile- 
phone system as an example of how 
Egypt wants to modernize fee busi- 
ness without privatizing it 
Most symbolic of its quest for a 
new image was the adoption in 


January of a new name: The former 
Arab Republic of Egypt National 
Telecommunications Organization 
■is now TelecomEgypt. 

Revenues for the authority come 
from unsubsidized international and 
business phone calls, which in turn 
subsidize Egyptian local phone 
calls. 

TelecomEgypt charges a connec- 
tion fee of 2.000 Egyptian pounds, 
equal to Egypt's annual per capita 
income. Line charges are 60 piastera 
(approximately 19 cents) a minute, 
compared with 5 piasters a minute 
on a fixed line. 

The strategy for now seems to he 
to milk fee elite market until it has 
had enough, and then reduce prices. 


But Suilin Ling of fee manage- 
ment firm Booz- Allen & Hamilton 
Inc., who works on institutional de- 
velopment for TelecomEgypt, 
warned that the GSM system’s high 
prices and poor technical service 
may discourage further subscribers. 
He added. “The surest way would 
be to introduce competition. ” 

Alcatel Alsthom wants to be pan 
of fee key Egyptian market. It made 
an aggressively low bid last May of 
just $18.5 million to win the job of 
supplying a 70,000-line GSM phone 
network to Egypt's major cities. 

Mr. Ling said, “Unmet demand is 
fee reason for Egypt having a good 
potential in fee telecommunication 
sector.” 


I# 




SL-'liM K V, WIKI 


:4 


AMEX 


U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Monday’s 4 P.M. Close 

TUf top 300 most uefive starei 
up ta ihe doring on Wot SlreeJ. 
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Indexes 
Dow Jones 


Indus 090776 71)005 00545 67W73 +60.11 
Trtns Z2S1JM 2371-08 234876 Z37U6 +17J7 
UW 32876 Z7I77 339M 237JI0 *JJ? 
Como amu aia*B naua 2iS7.ts nan 


i5 Standard & Poors 

Prevxms Tudor 
-v, Higti Uw dose *0Q 

2 Indusfriab - — 735.14 74579 

Transfl. - - 559.99 56&S3 

_ wanes — — 77X57 777.76 

a. Finance — — 9179 94_70 

4* SP950 - - 801.77 B11L29 

SPIN - — 7B1jOO 788.70 


NW U« m on 

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yuntv 174.15 372-14 274J0 *073 

Fawnce 3MIN 371.19 39194 .U» 

Nasdaq 

HW IM IPM n. 

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InduwWs 1120.76 111157 1117.18 — 0.75 

Bb*I 142144 142180 I43SJI — IJ5 

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Hncnoe 176376 175778 178372 +131 

Transit. 05187 B5437 852^7 —373 


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IBM 32738 14ZW 

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4MB 1*W 

1» 

16 


4006 U 

Via 

9Vi 

_ 

3577 W» 

7W 

7**u 



Trading Activity 
NYSE 


AdVancM 

Deemed 

Unaiungcd 

Towtisjwes 

Ncwlfitfl) 

New Lows 


UndKaieed 
Tota issues 
NewHSohs 
NreLem 


Nasdaq 


H77 1334 Adutncad 

H08 1146 

^ « & 

® N ew Xi»u 

* Ncwl5» 


AAarket Sales 


305 7*4 

133 244 

in 205 NYSE 

617 735 Area 

is 2s Nasdaq 

* 6 In mBOora. 


9749 1522 

J776 2114 

221* 1707 

5*41 5745 

M TS7 


44X57 497.03 

2195 21.4* 

534J9 61X77 


Dividends 

Company Per Amt Roc Pay 

IRREGULAR 

Aimev Japan Ud b .20 2-27 5-20 

STOCK SPLIT 
Bams Group 3 for IspM. 

Premier Bncshn 1.80SS for 1 spot 
Tokyo Electron 1.1 tori spin. 

INCREASED 

Managers BdFd M .11 2-24 2-26 


Morgan Keegan 
Bflrtodo FneSwes 
Prawno Foods 
SJioreflneHn 


□ JB 3-19 4-1S 
Q ZB 3-31 4-1 

O JJ3 3-10 Ml 
O m 3-4 3-U 


domisCcM 

NaffPreslo 


FAC Realty 


YGAREND 

- AS 3-14 3-30 

- ZOO 3-3 3-17 


Carepcrey Per Amt Roe Pay 

EXTRA 

Pengrawfli Energy _ AS 2-27 3-15 

REGULAR 

AN B Corp Q .15 3-14 Ml 

AdvantaCp B, Q .132 3-3 3-1B 

Capfiraiaiy O A0 3-14 3-29 

Owner VQUey Bn Q .11 3-5 3-19 

Crown Am filly Q .SS 3-3 3-1 B 

EcMab lac o .16 3-18 4-15 

Femsflgus Pffnr o JO 2-zs 3.14 

FstHowalMi 0 J1 2-3fl 3-14 

Hammer ineg 0 .15 5-26 mj 

SnpteMtoA, Q .165 *4 4-14 

Mlielted Energy B. 0.1323 3-13 4-7 

Nike |nc B, Q .10 3-30 4-4 

PG&Ecorp Q JO 3-14 4-15 

Pengrowlti Energy M .10 2-37 3-1 S 

PraMennRttyA. O .15 3-11 3-31 

RetHftfieBna O .10 3-7 4-4 

Stream Monthly M .16 2-2B 3-10 

TeitasUtfl Q J35 3-7 4-1 

UoMBnaiOH, 0 .11 3-3 3-30 

TiQRjCdaPfcB Q J9 3-31 4-30 

UnUed Bancor? Q .11 3-3 3-20 

wncammPLX b .167 3-4 4-a 


Stream Mormtfy 
ToosUil 
Untied Bncp OH, 
TranjOfti P^eg 
Unted Bancorp 
WBCorreon PUC 


WU 13 II 

13^ U'4 lj'i 

'» r-4 


SPECIAL Unted BanOkp Q .11 3-3 3-20 

GutltdaResaaton _ A1 2-28 3-12 WBCarremPUC b .167 3-4 4-a 

g* payable In Camdlan hinds, 

initial (HRHMteb-amradnataaneeWper 

DBtatfn^LflorFI o -015 3-7 Ml stert/ADRl g-gaynMii la conation fends 

WwWreyRo . J2 3-31 4-21 m-reoiitltfyi i^ uur tetyi s-se aLa— p ql 

Stock Tables Explained ™ 

lawW 1 «w unoffidaL Veariy Mghs and lom refled pre*ws S3 «reds phjs Bwcunenf 

wa*. but notttK fatesItitKliig day. Where a jpB crstock -y:^Sngta ■£ percAnTarmore 

te been paid the yeas Ntfrim imge and dMderid are shown farthe new stocks only- U«8*s 
oOwwrtse tided, idea of dMdends ore omiel dbiimertwrts based or tee Mesl dodBattoi. 
a -'diwdend also extra (s). b - annual rata of dMdend phn stock dMdend. c - Iquidatktg 

Andend,ss-P£eKse(ls99xld'CBUrd.d-newyearirtair.dd-tostatlfielnft2ri«trh£. 
e - eftridem dectared or pdd In precetteg 12 manlta. f - annual tote foerwed an last 
Jdaratea, g - dkndend In Canadian hredi. setaiaetta 1536 nonriaideMO fax. I- dMdend 
declared aft* spBt-upertm^dfvtdend-l-dMdond paid this yean Qrniltod. deferred, or no 
^ la * = ? dWlend meeftig. k - Addend declared or paid this year, an 
ocw nwtaifire hone wtm dividends in aneara. re - annual rale, reduced ontoNdwlareMii. 
a - ^*«** in the paa 52 weeks. The titsMow range begins whh the start Of hading, 
rel-neddaydelhwy.p-wnal dtvWcod, onrorf rote mtowwn. P/E -primafflMgsndfa. 

™® ,al fund-f-tteWenddedaredar paid In pRxedkig12iiianlhi. phis Slock 
DMdend b^wm date o»spnLsfc-sales.t-dMdmd paid in 
st oat in cre^ m1-mafflt>Lasiiinaiedca8n»almme»tftridend or eK-dteBwBm date. 

p '(^7 e ^ti^»-Spcg»g/Krire<Lri-tnbcm*Jiiplcyorri?cer»egaioorbdnnraorgari<ad 
umlcr^ttokrepicvAcfcteseairtBaBMtomedt»ysudicoinpc<des,wd-whenrflslt!bMl«i. 
wl - wlwi fcao ea' ww - wtft tainonta. k ■ ex-dWdend oren-righls. xifls - en-rfistrltwrilon. 
w > wtinoui mnents. y. es-dtitdend and sales In fuD. y« > ylekL z - sales In futt. 


Feb. 24, 1997 

MOh Lorn Ooae Oipr Ootnt 


corn reran 

5AOO DU mWiwm- cams PW InnM 
Mar 97 272\6 2S8V6 387 —39* 70468 

MOV 77 29196 28996 JS8 -396 130,111 

Jul77 *94 290 29096 -3 99.71* 

Sep 97 28596 2D 3B2V6 -994 12488 

DEC 97 28396 Z7BY6 27916 -3\6 97J52 

Est. sales NA RTiateS 107401 
RTsaeenM 372485 UP 36 

soybean meal renan 
100 loro- data? P«r km 
MV97 25940 25628 25640 — UO 30.190 

Moy97 25160 25030 25O50 —140 34467 

Jul 97 24940 247J» 24720 -UO 25A76 

Alio 97 8*540 34110 *4130 -L30 5448 

Sep 97 237 JO SL3Q 23530 —1.90 3329 

Oct 97 22540 22340 73390 -070 1480 

ESLsrtes MA. FtTs-soPs 29.980 
Frfs oner Ire 1054» up 466 

SOYBEAN OIHCBOD 
40400 Mb- rants ner 8> 

Mar 97 *443 2368 2370 -827 26473 

May 97 2445 2410 2410 -«3I 33430 

Jill 91 2M2 2448 2453 -029 17745 

Aug 97 25X0 3469 *40 -034 16*8 

Sep 97 25.15 8480 2480 -0L» 24»S 

0097 25.15 2493 3493 -0*9 998 

Ea. sales HA. Frfs.K*es ztA a 
Wsapenlnt 91J06 up 1879 

soybeans reran 

5X00 Ml mfcdmura- CMS nor buM 
Ma-97 706 77596 77596 -756 44440 

May 97 78856 778 770V. -7 «U09 

JWV7 my* m nm -v* <i/m 

Aub97 78016 772 77*16 -7 1X3 

Sep 97 748 735 73616 -3 2417 

E-3.«4es NA- Erf's, sales BSJ75 
Frf-sapenM 182487 an 13 

WHEAT (CBOm 

sxao buxMnm- cants pwOustai 
Mo-97 380 370 376 +3 15.967 

May 97 37V 371 373 — « 21454 

Jul 97 3H 361 36316 +16 29^75 

Sep 97 371 36416 366 +1 2424 

Est. scries NA FriVsotes 36402 
Frf’scwenrnt 7X343 off 1320 


Livestock 
CATTLE (CMSRJ 
<8400 B4- cants eer b. 

Aw 97 mss wjo an +iU7 

Jka>97 45 l50 6497 6525 +022 

AUS97 6490 644 6470 +037 

Oct 97 «J5 68.10 6057 +OC 

Doc 97 70X0 7032 70X1 +0X5 

Feb 9* 7190 7145 71 JO +02S 

Est. salts NA Rf-s. scries (4983 
RTSDCMnire 104780 it» M0 

FS» CATTLE (CMBO 

S4000 Mr cants par BK 

Man ajs 6125 6940 +097 

Apr 97 7BJ8 6940 7045 +L10 

May 97 7240 7098 7ZA5 +140 

Aug 97 7540 7410 75.15 +1A5 

S8P 97 7SM 7473 7540 +077 

0097 7595 75.15 759S +095 

EsL sales HA Frfisales 1737 
Wsopmlnl 22909 UP 129 

H0G5HLnKMSU 
40X00 In- cents PM- b. 

Apr 27 7495 2160 7465 +1J0 

Jun97 8U0 7940 8095 +1X0 

Jul 97 79X7 7745 78X5 +1X5 

AU0 97 7SJD 7400 752Z +1X1 

Od 97 6791 6680 6747 +1J2 

"'■97 4SJ0 6475 &m +1A7 

.. sales NA Ws.scteS 0813 
nrsapreiM 32,922 off 311 

PORK BELLES (CMERJ 
*aaae ta- amh Mr Kt. 

Febn 77 JB 77J0 77JB +3» 

HorVT 77 J2 77 JH 7743 +3.® 

MOV97 7127 78.10 7B47 +300 

JU97 7745 7705 7745 +100 

Aunff Km 74® JAM +1 « 

Est. scries NA Ws. scries 1,800 
Ws Open W 7J38 off 84 


Hlflb LOW dose Chge Optal 


High Low dose Owe Opmt 


ORANGE JMCEPICIM F^^SlcS^t ^ R 

M^MJO^So* - 7945 +070 745S «« 97 13L?B 132.04^32.12 — 0.14132J96 

mm mS iija Iji5 dsn JIM W 1304813046 13084—0.10 22J16 

Ja?97 R40 843 IUD iSriB 4^3 »» 97 12942 129.16 1».18-0.10 1494 

S OK M O Iw S Dec 97 N.T. H.T, 99M-0.U 0 

Est sales NA FrT& sales 4901 EsL *QRmw:67J47 . Open InL; 15&9Q6 up 

R-fs oewn W 16.734 UP 2» 2.791. 


COLD {NCfcUQ 

100 uwot- Mars ner any «. 

R*97 35640 354X0 3BM +090 U79 

Mar 97 35L98 23 

Aar 97 35420 353X0 3S530 +1JD 82952 


S«p 97 129J2 129.16 129,18—0.10 14W 
DOC 97 NT. NT, 9&X2— 0.14 0 

EsL yetUfiw: 67J47 . Open HL; 154906 up 
1791. 

ITALIAN GOVERNMENT BOND (LIFPE) 
itl 300 mam -pis al ioo pd 
MPI97 13195 13032 171.19 + 039104454 
JUI07 13070 12990 13QJ4 +096 25*79 

,S«p97 129X8 129X8 T3IL42 +094 800 

E+t SO*I& 7X742. Prey. scrifcC 58.745 
Prev. open lilt: 131433 off 1137 


Aary/ MU . nm Saji +1 jU Sta/ cinnTVM.'iKiruni 

Jun97 3SBJD 356X0 357 JO +UQ 26,118 

Aw97 340X1 35990 359J0 +1X0 10796 Juo 9 

CM 97 362J0 361.90 362J0 +140 5X23 ^ ££ « 


9457 -003 387X50 
96X7 —093 8.154 


Dec 97 365.10 363X0 36450 +130 WJH 94C -004 3413 

SSR^SS MX =^»H81 


Es2- sales NA. Fits, sxiss 5fw92A aj 0 x 1 / oxii 903 — W Ofi 2900 

Hi GRADE COPPER (NCIMO MarfB 9396 9193 9393 — ttffi? 185972 

35X00 to.- cents par Bx. Jun98 9186 9182 9X53 -010145928 

Peb 97 114X0 11X20 11395 +OM 1» shSS 1X76 9344 9345 -004100992 

«CrV7 17461 TI2J5 IU40 +0X8 »9QS gecyg 9JX4 93X2 9163 -4W7 85X77 


Apr 97 11240 111.70 11140 +0X0 2.187 uaryy 93X2 n.m 9X61 -003 68X51 

May 97 11090 108,15 HOJO +0X0 T7X25 JSyy 9X54 93JS -093 49.U1 

Jm97 10850 10845 I0O50 +030 875 ££,99 njl 93X9 93X9 -tUM 54208 

Jul 97 107X0 mjo HP-10 +ftw 5Jj» Dec 99 92X2 93X0 9X40 -064 47.117 

SepW 10460 W400 l£S +050 3X00 

0097 103X8 +050 588 FfTSOPenW 2X47X5* IB »4I 

Es). scries NA Rts-aries 19.184 BRnBH POUM3 (CMEK) 

FrTSMSlH 61X89 up 2699 42X00 pounds. lnmeund 

SLVBIOJCMX) Mac 91 1X3S9 1X200 1X348 33X71 

Sfim iniy cam par tray a*. Aji97 1X320 1X210 1-030 2JTO 

Peb 97 51X50 14 Sep 97 1X108 1<091 

4fcr97 SBL30 5I8J0 SM90 +U» 44514 Ogf? M * 

Apr 97 531 JO 4 ESLsedes NA Fri'S. scries 5X93 

May 97 537 JO S23L50 SMJ0 +040 29972 Fri'S open ini 37,163 off 274 

Jul 97 53*90 S28J0 530JQ +LKJ 9.994 

Sep 97 53790 53590 535J0 +*20 1)97 

Dec 97 54390 54190 543M +290 5X48 *«»■ 

Jon 98 54790 54790 54790 +400 9 iv.. jT.w. 

EsL scries NA Frfs.Kri« 24004 

Fri’S open trt 99X77 off 1011 FTTsOPenW 56X14 IV 520 

PLATNUM (NMER] GERMAN MARK (CMCR1 

SB tray in.- dntai irer tray or. 1*3X00 mreta, s per meric 

Feb 97 7S390 37420 17640 +440 1 D8C97 X01S 

Mar 97 I3S5JH .39590 139590 Esl. scries NA Fri'S. Sales 17,186 

An-97 J79JD 37590 37420 +430 18X68 ftftmnM 99X50 IV 7T5S 

Jut 97 38L50 37X5) 3UJ0 +SJB 3/m uuwtk RINDUuk n i«n 

<W97 381JO 38190 3B1J0 +250 1,993 

SSres na w4sSS”»i» 1 ’ m SS? » &S 9S & 

FfTsapenH 25.184 up 88 & 9691 Sm 940 Ure 

Mg, j JS M94 M9I MM » 0J 

LONDON metau^Sb Prevtoos *an m« +oj 

iSlSm^joo 159X00 159400 s£m M0 HV ita 

162490 162456 95JM W9I «M uS 

_ 165290. MaW 95X1 9SJB 9SX1 UK 


CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMBO 
mm Oaten, s Par Odn. *■ 

Mcr90 4496 

EsL scries NA Frrs.scrire 6936 
FTfs open W 56X14 iv 520 


High Low Owe Chge Oplnr 

Jim 97 5X15 5110 5430 -OJB 8.959 

JuffT SSJ2S SCSI 54J0 -467 4571 

Aw9? 5J75 SI aa -ttX* 5. wo 

Sep 77 5625 5X80 £90 -137 3X58 

0091 SAM 5630 5450 -022 2416 

Nov 77 57X0 5790 5790 -427 

Dec 97 57.90 57 JO 57 JO -032 693! 

E®. series NA FTPS, sates 30,297 
Fri'S own int 112925 up 1155 

uarr swsr crude (nmbu 

1900 tcriL- WUare per HP. 

Apr 97 21 XS 2X75 2046 -0X3 90XM 

May 97 21.13 2X40 SDJB —8JS 46X40 

Am 77 2093 2X2B 2030 -OB 39941 

Jld 97 20X1 20.15 3040 -049 T7XJ1 

Aun 97 2044 20X0 20.0# -0X3 15912 

Sep 97 mw 19.77 1997 -026 15XSB 

Oct 97 rn05 1993 19JD -038 1X122 

Not/97 3BLI0 1992 19.92 -097 10X73 

Dec 97 2fi.ffii 1942 . 1942 -0.17 26X64 

Jm98 1997 1948 1948 -AM 14332 

Feb 98 1999 1745 1945 -093 B.2W 

MOT98 1946 1942 1941 -0.02 2,109 

Apr 98 1940 3X64 

EsL safes NA Fri’S. scries 70X90 
Fri'S open inf 384742 up 94770 


NATURAL CAS (NMER) 
laere mm MuV t per mm bhi 
Am 77 1.930 1950 7970 

Mar 97 1.950 1990 1530 

Jun97 1.970 1.920 1935 

Jul 97 1.980 1965 1955 

Auo-97 2X00 1.945 1.985 

Sep 97 2930 UW 3* 

0097 29* 2900 2920 

Now 97 2.160 XI* 1150 
Dec 97 2385 2465 1270 

JanfB 23» Z» 2305 
Feb 98 2435 2410 1430 

KJ-Mries NA Fri'S. scries <7968 
Fri'S wen W 167456 Off 4545 


30X46 

16X84 

SMTS 

1X357 

8X25 

7423 

9X44 J 
5X65 ■ 

8X71 T 
7X51 
3917 


UNLEADED 6A50UNE (NMER} 

aun# paL cam anr aai 

Mar 97 sun 6090 UL10 — 142 22X33 
Apr 77 63J0 6TJ0 6190 —1.94 31X66 

May 97 63X0 4195 6190 -1J7 17964 

9mw 6110 61X0 61 JO -1J4 10213 
Jut 97 6145 6090 60X0 — 2.T9 5X06 

Aw »7 60X0 SB JO S9J0 —099 3X56 

gsf-sries NA Fri’S. sates 27X82 
Fri'S open H 91827 up 1127 


m +J5 Tra cuy=rai ^ 

50 +2J0 I.9B nMlmtere-mresOTad 

3,1» *2% «xT SJta GASOIL OPE) 

5 & %Si SJS: IM UJJ. dasare per metric Ian -ws of 100 ions 

Prevtoas i'SSJ. ^ «*9i mm » dpi ibixis MarW 17090 16645 16645 —345 2391a 

rirevmus 5^7 %76 eta 7646 +091 I»XSS Apl77 171JW 167 JO 167.75 —3.75 11X20 

252* 2JS Ma T V7 171 JO 168.75 169 DO -12S 6X39 

159390 159490 S U » M W M iSS SSS =gg Sffi 

-* H IS E » B M S:?: ttVMzSS ^ 

■ris) Jaart 9SJS 95 JS 9548 Unco, ma MB' 77795 17475 17445 — JJ5 Uw 

243790 244090 g epW 95.14 «_13 9S.14 UMl 21X75 V. , if-L J2M9 ~ 3°° 639 

236690 236790 DkW 9491 mxb 9*90 unep. 22X42 Dee 77 178J0 17790 17790 —290 5.232 


§pdl 244390 244590 243790 244090 95.1+ 95.13 9S.14 Uncb. 21X75 

Forworn 2374.00 237590 236690 236/90 DkM *4J1 94XB 94.90 Ones. 22X« 

Lead Est. series: BAOS&Pm. iotas: 132303 

Soot 663V, 664 CV 66390 46490 tan Mj 1X2X094 up 4499 

rarwanl 67190 67290 670Vi 67190 3-MONTH STERLING OJFWD 

Niaret csnxoa -pis one® od 

Spot 778590 799590 782090 783090 M«97 9344 93.72 R42 —093 99469 

Farwanl 808090 808590 7910JX) 771590 Jw*T 93X7 9155 9156 —0921^05 

TIB 5*W 9138 93J6 9136 —003 K6S 

Spat 592090 593090 S9S090 smoiu DeC97 9344 9342 9X33 — 0JT2 57X24 

WWinri 598590 599090 6OCK00 601090 — Sm 

T19490 noern 9199 9197 ^ “SS 2LCT 

^retard 1® 1219$ 1MD0 33 ^ &£ ~SS 


1218% 121990 121690 121790 mSot 
H igh LOW ClOM Chge Optot S iqg B 

Financial 

UST.BLUtCUBU ' 

11 miten. pit 40108 pet. 

SS ss %% ss =a is S 3 

gL M a S| 

EsLSOMl NA FtTS-SIrita Z7B 5 

Fri'S open W 10X16 HI a 

SYR. TREASURY CCBOT) sen 9 

iisaxoamn-ptiAi A4msornapet dk 9 


imm DeC97 9344 9342 9X33 — 092 57X24 

SSffi nan 93.14 9X12 9X13 — 8JJ2 394« 

lltu ” JtaflO 9396 9894 9395 -102 34X95 

Bern 9299 9197 9297 -093 2L838 

ooae flag fiM 9 z« —am i&mt 

1790 Mam 9297 92X5 4185 —093 0561 

Jun99 9291 9248 9249 —003 55b 

Opint Sfl»99 9244 9242 9272 -003 7986 

Z_ 0&9 92X7 92X6 92X7 -ton 4.783 

Est antes: 24.TSX Ptatsnteas 27X73 
Pnw. re>N-‘ S15490 011 671 

3-MONTH PIBOR CMAT1F) 
ton Fra raflUon - pti aflOO pd 
| S Mar 97 96X7 96X6 96X6 +090 60031 
JW1 97 96X8 96X5 96X6 +090 52X35 
Sep 97 96X6 96X3 96X3—091 36313 
W Dec 97 96^J S6X7 9657 +090 29X05 

Mar « 96X8 96M 96X8 +090 1*177 

JUn 98 96Ji 9632 9643-091 16566 
Sep 98 9X18 96.16 96.17—091 11912 
Dec 98 95.98 9597 9647-0X1 10417 


StS ffiS s’SfcS ”E 95J7 *WS 9SJ6 +ttJ » ’ifl27 

JWI97 106-45 106-42 1064Q _flfl 45.474 Jun 99 95^5 9SSS 95J5 +0X0 63X6 


COCOA (MCSE} 






Mm 97 

1261 

1220 

1230 

—1 

M2 

MO* 97 

ram 

USB 

1270 

—8 

35,2V 

Jul 97 

1311 

1297 

vat 

-4 

1SXM 

SeP 77 

1339 

1322 

1332 

—a 

10X39 

Dee sr 

1373 

1254 

1365 

—4 

4051 

Est. series na ftrisaks 099 


RfsomiM 

89.791 <ri 

377 




92M nst 92X4 —am na st 

9351 91X2 9148 -ton 995d» 

9383 9176 9180 —04* 49X73 
9195 9U7 9193 —007 3+442 

9398 9X94 909* -007 19552 

9394 9191 9394 —041 11J« 


COFFEE C(HC5Q 
VjRbb- eta twit. 
nan i/6bo nxto mxs — tJS 45J7 

May 97 KUO 160X0 161X5 -633 22JS3 

Jul 97 15740 15640 155.15 -045 7,164 

5S0J97 15040 M7 JO 1X635 -C65 3X37 

EsL rotes NA ' ftfi scries 11X39 
WsoeenW 41X79 up 176 

SUGAR-WORLD 11 (NCSE} 

Ilian 8n.-a*Ms ear «t 

Mar 97 11.15 HUD 1192 -0X5 3U9S 

MOT 97 1141 WUff WJO —020 Em4 

Jlri 97 M4S UX5 KL66 —0.14 30J» 

0097 HLflJ 11142 10X3 -0.15 22,197 

£ 51 . scries NA Frfs.*4« *3Jli 

Fri*aapcnM ISUUI up 2881 


sinuna arm- ptsaaarOi or laopo 

Mar 97109-21 WMJ 109-lt -06 262,190 W60NTH EUMURA OtfFQ 

Jun 97 163-31 W6-K 108-29 - 06 77X17 

50P97 W8-M 106-10 108-10 -08 4«3 "*g ~ 

EsLRdes NA FfTl stees 96X78 
Fin open fed 346150 off 151 ^7 

US TREASURT BONDS (CBtrn Marfe 

apeHsiBiMse-areA3Miteinpca Jun« nw on nw — 041 114 a 

Mar 971Q-28 112-14 112-19 -11 454.183 Estates 28X61. Prer. safes 66.130 

JUI197 112-12 111^1 117-03 —lj B3JD6 Pnw.apMiW.- 2*1467 off 1J93 
Sec 97 111-20 111-20 lll-OB -13 1741.9 

Dec 77 1 17-77 A27J ' Inin 

Est series NA Frfs. scries sssxm Indastrial* 

PrTj open ini S60JJ7 UP 960B COTTON* WCTN) 

CEKMAN GOVERN MBIT BUND (UPTO »a»tei.-M»*nre, b. 

dm£si«« j» 5 oi iso pa nan na tua nx +mo list 

Mom m3 lOLB 10323 —021*32X83 May 97 7&m 9115 7130 +0.15 31312 

Juan 102X3 iteja 102 x 1 -asa mm M9t 76X5 7642 two +s.ii Tw 

Sepw 101X0 101X0 101 Je -0JM 0 <W97 7*45 M4S +020 1^8 

ESt safes 100660 P»t sefesi Dec 97 7685 7165 7677 +ft!j 71334 

Pre«. open Hit: 302X06 1 * 3,128- MorS 77X0 77JB 77J0 +045 W? 

.... BOarire ha Rn. soles 284« 

HJfljFFp FffSopenlrt 65X90 off 4812 

M®97 t UM4 IJMI llSs 


issf * 1 WlBS:1 W "°‘ ®* ,en * n *- : 8415S up 


Stock Indexes 

«POOMF.O*OeX (CMER) 

SreirteateH 

MdtW 809X0 80000 NBJXI *155 182X70 
Mm9t 817X0 80745 815X5 *190 1604 
»C97 624JS mum SUSS +«o lSJ 
^97 829 50 829.SS 879 JO +5S Mb 
sr.scries NA F+Tisaies 724® 
FW'sooonW 201.183 Off 82 

FTSE 100 (UFIV] 

Mar Sf 43360^43054 43*84 , 4.0 SAS2T 

sss sjs sa :s m 

raw. open ML 67J0B uo B 01 

CAC40CMATIR 
FFKM_pcr Index 

SS. S 510 *5fl9J — 7X0 22X80 
*'° r J72fS] , 2 HSl*® 25740—7X0 25,940 
Apr 07 2S76J 35725 2577^ — 7 5S 
Jun 07 25404 2S3SX 23425 7 jn tSo 

1%, 25704 2574J — BJX) n 

tote HT 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


s, %\ Eurotunnel Granted 
Extension of Freeze 
On Interest Payments 


EUROPE 


Cinprinf by Ow Saffron Hapax+n 

PARIS — Eurotunnel said 
Monday its creditors extended a I 7- 
month Freeze on its monthly interest 
payments of $96 million, giving flje 
debt-ridden operator of the Channel 
Tunnel nine more months to restruc- 
ture its debt and avoid bankruptcy. 

The extension frees a total of 
some $936 million in cash for Euro- 
tunnel operations that would oth- 
erwise have gone to pay interest 

The 225-member banking syn- 
dicate “approved the extension of 
the standstill date” from March 14 
to Dec. 14. the British-French com- 
pany said. 

Had the interest moratorium not 
been extended, talks to restructure 
more than half of Eurotunnel's 69.6 
billion francs ($1221 billion) in 
debt could have broken down, leav- 

2 US. Utilities Buy 
U.JL Electric Firm 

LONDON — Two U.S. power 
companies have agreed to buy one 
of the two re maining independent 
British power distributors, the 
companies said Monday. 

American Electric Power Co. of 
Columbus. Ohio and Denver-based 
Public Service Co. of Colorado 
offered to buy Yorkshire Electricity 
Group PLC, based in die northern 
English city of Leeds, for £1 £ bil- 
lion ($2.43 billion) in cash and as 
much as £240 million in assumed 
debt. 

Yorkshire’s board reco mm ended 
that investors accept die cash offer of 
927 pence per share, a 13 percent 
premium to the Friday closing {nice 
of 818.5 pence. Yorkshire shares 
closed up 63.5 pence at 882 pence on 
Monday, a gain of 8 percent. 

If shareholders agree, Yorkshire 
would become the seventh British 
electric utility bought by a US. com- 
pany in rwo yeare, and Southern Elec- 
tric PLC would be the last of the 
original 12 regional distribution 
companies in England and Wales to 
remain independent- The companies 
were privatized in 1990. 

(AP, Bloomberg ) 


EU Weighs Fee for Card Use 


mg the company’s fate in the hands 
ora French bankruptcy court 

“The standstill had to be exten- 
ded,” said Jeff Summers, an analyst 
at Klescfa & Co., a London-based 
debt trader. “If the banks had said 
we’re not extending, that would 
have meant you can tear your debt 
reconstruction up.” 

In such a case, he said, the banks 
would either have had to run Euro- 
tunnel or seize its assets, with the 
French courts involved in whar Mr. 
Summers termed an “extremely 
messy" process. 

“At least this gives them a com- 
fort period to hopefully put 
everything in place by the 14tfa of 
December,” he added. 

Units of Eurotunnel, the equival- 
ent of cne share in Eurotunnel SA 
and one in its British sister com- 
pany, Eurotunnel PLC, rose 
Monday on the Paris exchange by 
20 centimes, to 6.90 francs. 

Driven into the red by cost over- 
runs on its construction — building 
the undersea tunnel cost more than 
twice what it was initially supposed 
to — Eurotunnel moved in Septem- 
ber 1995 to halt all interest pay- 
ments on its debt. 

The standstill was to have ran out 
□ext month. 

Eurotunnel reached a preliminary 
agreement last October with its 
lenders to restructure more than half 
the debt. 

That agreement requires the ap- 
proval of all 335 hanks and a ma- 
jority of Eurotunnel’s shareholders 
before it can be putin place. 

The company’s operations were 
curtailed by a mid-November tire 
that gutted one of its two main tun- 
nels. 

Traffic will not resume fully until 
next June as a result Eurotunnel will 
recoup most of the lost revenue from 
its insurers. 

Eurotunnel has said that business 
was recovering strongly and that it 
expected to have 50 percent of the 
Channel market by the end of the 
year. 

Eurotunnel has been hammered 
by competition and price-cutting 
from ferry operators such as Pen- 
insular & Oriental and Stena Line 
AB, which agreed last October to 
merge. (Bloomberg ; Reuters) 


Return 

BRUSSELS — In ablow for the 
banking and credit card industries, 
the European Commission said 
Monday it might allow shops to 
pass credit and debit card fees on to 
customers who pay with cards in- 
stead of cash. 

Retailers, restaurants and other 
service providers have fought the 
banks for years over the right to 
share the card costs charged by 
banks with their clients. 

The banks currently ban this on 
the grounds that consumers should 
not be penalized for using cards. 
But the commission believes this 
hampers fair competition between 
different payment systems and 
weakens the retailers' position 
with the banking system. 

“The commission has doubts 
about this rule; it would like it to 
disappear," a commission spokes- 
man told a news briefing. 

Scrapping the rule would lead to 
more transparent costs and allow 
retailers to negotiate better fees 


with banks, said the spokesman far 
Karel Van Mxert, European com- 
petition commissioner, rejecting 
any suggestion the move would be 
bed for consumers. 

The European consumer orga- 
nization BEUC is split on die is- 
sue. “BEUC does not have a po- 
sition on the issue, the reason 
being that the views of national 
consumer organizations tend to 
differ depending on market tra- 
ditions,” a spokeswoman said. 

Catherine Pima, adviser at 
Eurocommerce — which repre- 
sents retailers and wholesalers — 
said the matter was about “a more 
equitable sharing of costs" be- 
tween stores and card users. 

But it was not sure that con- 
sumers would end up paying a 
charge for using their cards. 

In Belgium, where the nondis- 
crimination rule has been made 
illegal for (kbit cards, retailers 
charge customers an extra five 
francs (14 cents) each time they 
pay with their card. 


But in Britain, credit card hold- 
ers are not charged, even though 
the rule was suppressed in 1989. 
This may be because British con- 
sumers are generally more organ- 
ized and combative than on the 
Continent, industry sources said. 

The rale is also illegal in 
Sweden and the Netherlands. 

But Europay, which represents 
Eurocard, MasterCard and 
Eurocheque, argued that card 
holders had die right to know ex- 
actly how much they were paying 
for a service or goods and pay only 
tiiaL 

A spokesman argued that the 
commissions paid to banks were a 
fair pice for the service the mer- 
chants were getting. “A merchant 
pays a commission because he is 
buying a guarantee from the bank 
thai the instrument be is accepting 
will be accepted by the bank, ’ die 
spokesman said. 

Charges paid by stores and res- 
taurants vary between less than 1 
percent and 5 percent of sales. 


Thom to Close 90 Stores and Cut Jobs 


Bloomberg Now 

LONDON — Shares of Thom 
PLC rose 10 percent after the British 
consumer-goods rental company 
saidit would close 90 Radio Rentals 
states and trim its British workforce 
by 5 percent, or 360 jobs, in an effort 
to reduce costs. 

In the meantime. Thorn said it 
would increase advertising promo- 
tions to try and retain customers at 
its U.S. Rent-A-Center, 17-Can- 
Rent and Remco stores. 

The company, formed from the 
breakup of Tbom-EMI in August, 
also confirmed that its nine-month 
pretax profit and one-time charges 
increased 8 percent to £123 million 


($199 million) and that weak sales 
and the strong pound would dent its 
profits for the year. 

“People are focusing an the fact 
that there was no further bad news,” 
said Victoria Melendez, an analyst 
with Morgan Stanley. “The market 
has heaved a sigh of relief." 

Investors also may be optimistic 
lhat Thom will pay its final dividend 
when it reports results for its 1996 
fmanrta? year in May, said Rod Sal- 
mon, an analyst with Dresdner 
Klein wort Benson. 

Thom shares rose 16.5 pence 
Monday to close at 203 pence. 

Shares have fallen about 50 per- 
cent since the company's former 


Emap Shares Drop as Executive Quits 


Bloomberg Ne ws 

LONDON — Emap PLC shares 
dropped 3 percent Monday after the 
British consumer magazine and ex- 
hibition company said its managing 
director, David Arcnlus, was quit- 
ting to join United News & Media 


PLC as chief operating officer. 

Mr. Arculus, 50, joined Emap in 
1972 as corporate planner, and be- 
come managing director in 1989 
after five years as deputy managing 
director. Along with Chief Exec- 
utive Robin Miller, he is credited 


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iMcmmmal Herald Tribune 


parent, concerned about competi- 
tion, insurance tax in Britain and 
litigation in the United States, split 
into Thorn and the music recording 
company EMI Group PLC. 

In January, Thom said its more 
than 600 Radio Rentals outlets — 
which offer furniture as well as tele- 
visions, stereos and personal com- 
puters — posted a 1 ‘disappointing” 
performance. 

The 90 Radio Rentals stores 
Thorn will close generated only 
about 7 percent of new business 
during the nine months that ended 
on Dec. 31. They accounted, 
however, for 15 percent of the total 
network of outlets. 


with the successful growth and ac- 
quisition strategy at Emap that has 
almost quadrupled its share price in 
five years. Shares in Emap fell 27 
pence (43.7 U.S. cents), to 785.5 
pence, while United News stock 
rose 16 J pence, to 704 pence. 


Very briefly: 

• Kirch Group, the Munich-based media company, is plan- 
ning to float 17-5 million preferred shares in its television 
station Pto Sieben Media AG for about 1 billion Deutsche 
marks ($592 million) by mid-1997, the station’s chairman, 
Georg Kofler. said to the daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung. 

• Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer, the French state- 
owned railway system, incurred a deficit of 1 5.2 billion francs 
($2.69 billion) last year, or 2.7 billion francs more than was set 
out in a revised autumn budget, results showed Monday. 

• Club Mediterranee SA shares rose 21 percent, to 431 
francs, amid optimism that the closing of seven unprofitable 
resorts and the hiring of Philippe Bourguignon. Euro Disney 
SA’s chief executive, would boost earnings. 

• Hanson PLC, the British industrial conglomerate and once 
a symbol of 1980s takeover mania, ceased to exist Monday 
when it ended a two-year process that split the group into five 
quoted companies. 

• Lufthansa AG should reduce its fares on the Franifurt- 
Berlin route, on which it has a monopoly, the German Cartel 
Office decided Monday. The office ordered the airline to align 
its Frankfurt-Berlin tariffs with those charged on its Munich 
Berlin route. 

• Racal Electronics PLC’s shares surged 3.9 percent amid 
speculation that the British defense and telecommunications 
company’s chairman. Sir Ernest Harrison, might be plotting to 
break up the group. 

• A Paris court delayed ruling on a lawsuit brought against 

Georgia Tech Lorraine, the French campus of Atlanta’s 
Georgia Institute of Technology, by two French public interest 
legal group which accused the university's English-only 
Web site of violating a 1994 French law mandating the use of 
French in all sales of “goods and services” on French 
territory. Additional arguments are scheduled to be heard on 
April 28. AFX. AFP. Bloomberg. IHT 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


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Bca Comm rial 
BcaHdeuroro 
Bead Krona 


lu ll 1 rales Mm 

Prevtatc 47870 
19050 19SB 19060 
1650 16*0 1695 

5470 5500 5580 
5793 5770 5870 

8450 B5TJS B62D 
1090 1095 1090 
19700 19700 19090 
3675 3605 37B 

280S 2BDS 2525 
26050 263® 2S«3 
9520 953Q 9650 

4110 4110 4200 
2400 2440 2465 
im 7670 7020 
8*60 8510 HSffiJ 
1165 1170 1205 
31000 32900 3200 
1575 1595 1«B 
2560 2S65 2610 
5480 5530 5560 

1300 1305 1330 

63*0 6360 6*90 

3235 3240 3295 

1130 1150 1175 

1490 1500 1500 


PSEtadra: 323447 

PrariaacmUO 

29 30 29 JO 

30 JO 31 JO 30 

107 190 188 

1425 1245 12J0 
123 12* 124 

725 730 730 

JBlSD 1475 1425 
385 385 392-50 

1565 1575 1555 

97 J8 97M 9050 

7 JO 7 JO 7/0 


Aaur - 
AGF 

AhUnrido 

aJotSauci 

Aa-UAP 

Batiosfte 

BIC 

BNP 

QmolPtos 

Oanetaur 

Casino 

CCF 

Ceteten 

ChrWlmDIar 

CLF-OeriaFran 

CredP Agricole 

Danone 

HMrjuOatoe 

ErfdortaBS 

Eanriunnri 

Gen. Eon 

Haws 

hrirtri 

Lubiut 

Legrand 

LOnoi 

LVMH 

Lyod-EauK 

MchAiB 

PrafeasA 

Pernod Rican 

Peugeot CO 

Plnaue-PiW 

Pmmades 


Rh-PoulincA 

5anofi 

Sdmeider 

SEB 

SGSUnraan 

StoGeneraie 

Sodedw 

StGatxSn 

Suez 


CAC-0: 256785 

Pnwtnnr. 2591 H 

790 795 

287 217JQ 

809 87B m 884 

584 573 575 

38470 37450 37B 371 

710 701 70S 709 

»5B 916 948 925 

25450 246J0 25420 2*8.90 

1118 1099 1108 1105 

3469 3426 3444 3480 

262 25430 250JQ 2S5J0 
274 266.10 269 265 

717 680 704 

833 837 

513 533 

1270 1270 127® 1285 

— - 829 835 — 

534 539 

867 B89 866 

7.10 6J!J 6.90 6J0 

778 767 776 771 

449 JO 436J0 4*670 *Affi! 
630 821 827 022 

358 351 JO 35430 352J0 
917 940 

1980 1956 1958 1967 
1377 1349 1352 1365 
579 566 569 

351 345J0 348 34BJ0 

379 30400 387 JO 
290 301 299 JO 

570 571 

2349 2290 2326 2324 

1678 1511 1620 1647 

122 118J0 122 12040 

1670 1650 1669 1670 

19420 195J0 19420 19*40 
557 544 555 542 

29490 2 293J0 29i90 

1119 I06T 1090 5100 

330 380.90 378 

663 577 666 

3045 2900 2990 2909 

BZ7 792 NS 801 
265J0 26440 265J0 26480 
573 561 565 56* 

183 180 182 179 

452 *43 **** 9n *51 

68.10 6*50 87 JO BSM 
390 382JD 38630 389 


EtedniusB 
Ericsson B 
tis sues B 
IncerthroA 
Investor B 
MaDaB 
Kmribanken 
Ptnna/U^fohn 

-Scania B 
SCAB 

VEBanlamA 
SkancBa Fors 
SkanskaB 
SKFB 

SparimkwA 


Stan A 
Sy Homes A 
VWwB 


Sydney 


Amcor 

ANZBUig 

BHP 

Boral 

BnunWtS IM. 
CBA 

CCAraan 
Coles Myer 
Coroato 
CRA 
CSR 

Fallow Brew 
Goodman FW 
la Australia 
Lurid Lame 
MIM Hdgs 
Nat Au*t Bank 
Nat Mutual HOg 
News Carp 
NaritiUd 
Padric Dunlop 
PlmnarlnH 
Pub Braadcast 
SI George Bank 
WMC 

WeripacBBag 
Woodskle rW 
Wootwarths 


*61 *54 

239 JO 23SJD 
1050 180 
525 521 

335 329 

22B 22*50 
270 264 

30IWS 275 
19*50 100 

167 179 

165J0 158 

8150 81 JO 
20950 202 

3*6 3*0 

182 160 
15450 147 

109 JO 189 JO 
100 97 JC 
21950 21450 
IM 181 


46050 4S3 

23550 24050 
1038 1006 
523 520 

330 334 

227 JO 22550 
265 263 

279 JO 27*50 
188 19050 
179 18050 
16550 159 JO 
8450 82 

209 JO 20*50 
34* 339 

181 182 
15* 150 

189JQ 109 JO 
9950 99 

21550 215 

102 18150 


Sao Paulo BoyB^atoderawwn Taipei 


4*90 4*50 
19J6 19J6 
3405 31 JO 
146* 12J8 
4120 *490 
47 JO 46-60 
28.15 27 JO 
27150 17030 
10*00 10110 
15L60 1546 


4*90 4*60 

SSL SS 

1446 1442 
4490 45L00 
4*60 4695 
27 JO 28.15 
771 JO T7XU& 
103J0 10150 
1548 1556 


jtdnM 6425 6325 6350 

SiS« 8K IS? 

Bk Negara 17* _lgj 17* 

Gadoracrara 

todoeemert ^ 

braMnd 5200 5100 5125 

mSST 7025 6*50 ms 

ISSSSST ’SS } wl nx 

fSKSSml 4125 4055 4100 






Johannesburg *** 


stssr 

cSwn 

D® wq». 

DfMwitaiD 
ftf NoflBk 
Goocor 

MOM CM 
JSifltntadt 

Luratrf^s 

ssas, 

SE* 

(ttnasandlGP 

RBMOnrt 

Ras) Pkdbwi 


28JB 27J0 
345 34M5 

153JB 151-25 
48.90 48B 
MM . 25 
19JH 1940 
>26 12i» 
57 56J0 

.29 JO 29 JO 
IS 3J0 
60 59J0 
34* 

130,75 130 

1SJ0 1146 
IM 1EJ5 
20 19 JO 
7850 7B 
*7J8 4*» 
64 63A 
7*75 75 


31L» Ml S 
m § | 

15158 151 JO 

SS ss 

lU ^ 

. 3*4 34450 
130 130 

.1570 

.10150 102JS 

7US 70 
*650 47 

SS nS 


Reed am 1U2 

I 

RT$rog ' 9JB 

total * Sag A8 *92 


X10 

2.07 

2/9 

2/0 

*87 

*00 

*85 

*83 

BJ6 

8/5 

*11 

8.13 

5/S 

587 

5/2 

587 

213 

LOB 

X12 

XU 

*75 

6/4 

675 

*64 

774 

7/3 

7/6 

7/6 

1/3 

1JS 

1/2 

U4 

625 

*2S 

*32 

*31 

523 

512 

517 

511 

5/1 

548 

559 

557 

*54 

*45 

*50 

*30 

428 

*34 


*30 

8/4 

7/0 

7/8 

7/9 

X51 

3/0 

X46 

3J9 


Severn Tresrt . 693 

StesTnnapR 10W 

SW» - MO 

SntOi Napbew 1.97 

SnmXBnt 9.1T 

SadUBlod . 70S 

StoenEtoc 7J0 

Stogecoadi 7 M 

Stand Charter 7J9 

TrteBLMe *-56 

Tasea . 130 

TbometWnw 7.14 

31 Group 5.17 

71 Group 530 

Tomkins * 2JB6 

IMNwur - 1*30 

Utd Assurance 538 

VMM'S? M 

usdutnm 673 


UJ8 T1J0 1U0 
4JB 443 445 

566 *70 670 

115 110 119 

9J7 937 943 

234 426 236 

6.16 631 6J* 

936 9J7 93* 

*13 439 439 

34B 151 152 

109 111 113 

1630 1691 1632 
6B3 639 675 

155 156 150 

117 110 124 

630 636 632 

U1 1862 1855 
971 9J1 976 

193 196 192 
939 9.13 934 

7J0 ' 778 733 

737 773 745 '• 

697 792 *97 
739 731 791 

447 430 437 

X45 147 149 

*75 631 *77 

112 112 5.77 

531 533 539 

430 485 234 

1633 1*11 1*11 
533 535 S* 

69* 794 *90 

663 *70 *6* 


OBiert 

Panwdat 

PMi 

RAS 

Rolo Barron 

SPnoloTeifiro 

Sd 

Tetecom BgBa 
TIM 


Montreal 

Bos Mob Con 
CdnTbeA 


bmmwGrp 
LofatawCW “ 
Hot Bit Crratc 


Rogers Cooun B 
Royal 8k Cda 


4550 4550 
1318 1337 

19950 19950 
2380 2405 

9630 96» 

BS65 8930 
5160 5240 

31590 31S50 
1497B 15000 
2330 2335 

6255 &3m 

71*0 7170 

11*00 11*50 
1265 1289 

617 618 

arm 2325 
3390 3410 
1505 ’*“» 
17705 
11320 11825 
8070 


tall* tata ta«* 

2515 2*95 2515 
32JS 3410 3420 
31 31 21 

17.10 1665 1735 

M 2» 2 M 

3790 37.10 3790 
2619 2616 

uta uw 1 

U3S 1535 7 

2811 2035 2065 
V 706 2695 

S*g MM -X m 

970 9JO 970 
5*30 5195 5*30 




Cruz 
WmbPM 


»P« 


Daaan 

Daewoo Heavy 


KanaEIPwr 
JCoreo E)»ch Bk 
Kona Mob Tit 
LGSeadcnn 
Potong Irons* 
Sanseng Dlstay 


a run 990 
695.00 71400 
4630 *630 
58J0 5070 
15JB 15J0 
*4938 45830 
56030 564Q0 
47831 43*00 
32130 32130 
20730 21430 
1*400 1*420 
3730 3770 
&10 BJ0 
99-iJ mas 
15030 15330 
15*30 15930 
20030 29230 
*030 4140 
1J4 1JB 
2670 27M 


Ce a g wd B e tariec <1*59 
PrevtoeE 68673 

110000 100000 lasm ioamo 

5000 *800 48S0 4900 

19900 19200 19900 19500 
15800 15300 15300 15600 
27600 26900 26900 27100 
6500 6200 6200 6500 

*89S00 451000 4S5000 495000 
2*000 23000 23800 23600 
42000 *0600 41100 *1100 
4*900 *3100 43*00 43500 
55700 51500 53800 53000 
10800 10600 10700 10000 


Camay Lite Ins 
Chang Hum Bk 
Chino TragBk 
ChtoaDempml 
Chtaa Stool 
Firs! Bank 
Formosa PtasUc 
Him Nan Bk 
Inn Conan Bk 
Nan Ya Basics 
Sira Kara LHe 
TrimmS 
Tatung 
IM Mere Elec 
tMVtoridOrin 


Tokyo 


Sin era do re s&mt*Tta*s; 22079 

Preitoos: 2241 JS 


Asia Poe Brew 
“ teiPoc 
Devito 
eCOntoge 
y Form inr 

& 


0810 °$55gES33 

Aker A 19150 18850 191 19150 

BeraesenpyA M4 K45D '1*4 ut 

OxtaVniki Bk 26 2*80 25 2*10 

DraraataeBk 30 M 30 3820 31 

EOwn 108 10450 105 KNJ0 

HatohtadA «30 *9 *930 so 

Mamer Asa 359 311 333 345 

M 3*6 3*9 37840 

20? 204 708 2M40 

- m 10*50 HUD 11450 

onto ABA 562 557 562 564 

301 292 293 30* 

118 11250 116 11850 

M6 134 136 136 

300 370 378 375 

42. 4U0 4150 42 



nmuS-doSaai 

Stockholm 


8 750 

1020 10.10 
1430 1180 
16J0 16 

0.79 078 

2*10 1*60 
570 5.45 

*20 *10 
1250 1270 
255 251 

*10 6 
328 126 

1*60 1*40 
*30 *22 

19 JO 18*0 
1170 1120 
*85 SJ0 
8 750 

1250 1460 
*75 840 

2740 2*30 
350 352 
133 330 

5 *54 

370 356 

128 126 
1658 16 

*42 *38 


750 B2B 

1020 1*10 

B5 IS 

079 *79 

’is m 

*15 620 

’IS 

655 *05 

326 326 

1050 1*50 
*24 426 

a 1 % 

’aa ’IS 

36*0 2740 
354 350 

330 334 

ui i£ 

12* us 
1*20 17 


AGAB 
ABBA 
AsriComon 
Asm A 

Altai Copco A 

Antofiy 


m SX1 6 hrtWr 278955 

PRvlMK 288173 

im 103 in in 

915 PM 902 910 

S UB 191 19*50 

35150 355 35*50 

173 173 17358 175J0 

33140 328 37940 33040 


A8 Nippon Air 

Anurov 

AsotV Bank 

AsaMCnen 

AsaM Glass 

Bk Tokyo Mitou 

BkYDkrium 

Bridgestone 

Canon 

Oratra Etoc 

cnugofcuEiec 

DWlOppPltol 

Driri 

Dri-kHKaao 
BsJso Bank 
Dahra House 
DdIimSk 
DO] 

Danso 

East Japan Ry 

Elsal 

FBrwc 

Ha&lsmlBk 

F- 

ItOCfHI 

jqpan Tebacm 
£ Eh 
Erst* 


KuMo 

Kyocera 

i cng roEtog 

Mara benl 
Mnvi 

Matsu Gamm 
MotovBeclnd 
Mam Elec in 
WMBU 

MBsaMshiCh 

MBSuMMB 

MBnbtoMEsI 

HUtoubbUHw 

MltoubtoHiwri 

MbubisHTr 

Mitsui 


A8On0narles 248240 
Preyfcws:2*7SJ0 

I 845 BJ5 843 

I *20 829 824 

I 1770 1777 1775 
- • 340 342 341 

1 21 JS 2170 21 JO 
I 1109 1128 1110 
• 1155 12 1140 

I 544 549 54* 

I 675 *9® 682 

! 1953 1959 1854 
1 441 *40 446 

1 246 240 249 

i TJS 149 146 

1245 1248 1248 
i tarn 2*05 2350 
r 152 157 151 

I 1*46 1*55 1*46 
I 158 152 159 

647 *72 646 

*15 *15 *22 

1 107 109 109 

193 194 195 

640 644 673 

; 7S0 725 8 

826 820 8J0 

7A5 743 748 

9J03 953 . 92* 

3JD 151 154 


Stack Market todac 790*61 
nerimt 7791.19 
178 176 178 175 

172 170 171 169 

93 07 92 8640 

114 110 114 10740 

25*0 2450 25*0 2520 

100 177 179 176 

77 JO 72 7*50 73 

1*4 1*2 143 14140 

8340 82 82-50 0140 

6940 6540 6740 66 

115 110 11340 110 

64 61 61 63 

5540 53 5*40 53 

45 4250 *3.90 43J» 
70 69 70 69 


HUM 22*101*99 

PlMteam 1983454 

1130 1090 1100 1080 

925 890 906 917 

3830 3810 3030 382D 

906 86* 

6*0 630 

1130 1110 1120 1110 


1130 1110 

2123 WO 
608 599 

2190 2120 

2570 2500 

2090 2060 

3060 2030 

207D 3050 

835 825 

1520 1450 

5*6 523 

1«S0 1360 

1030 1010 

7700a 7530a 
24 m 2360 
5D60a 4990a 
2380 22*0 

3780 3670 

1620 1550 

4070 3990 

1220 1190 

1090 1070 

1140 1000 

3750 3640 

1600 1540 
482 47* 

627 6M 
5450 5320 

546 SB 
8030a 79008 
3520 3M0 

719 700 

2150 2110 
1350 1330 

514 
330 
7T9 
1050 1020 


„ 535 

7160 7110 
XM0 2040 
*60 439 

*90 47* 

1920 1880 
3120 3050 
1880 1860 
1(00 mo 

1190 1160 
356 346 

703 692 

1470 1*30 

an m 

911 902 

1400 1*50 


M2 599 
2130 2110 

2530 2640 

3090 2050 

2040 2030 

2QS0 2050 
831 819 

1450 1460 

533 522 

1360 1380 

non 1020 

7640a 7590a 
2380 2460 
5020a 5020a 
2260 2230 

3700 3830 

1570 1490 

4030 *010 

1210 1220 
1070 1060 

1100 11» 
3660 3760 

'm ’58 

617 5W 
5340 5*60 

5*1 532 

7900a 0000a 
3470 3440 

700 708 

2120 2090 

1340 13*0 

I & 

901 
547 547 

7140 7160 
2060 2060 
*50 431 

1910 1910 

mo 1 

1180 1160 


1440 1450 

S oil 

902 

ICO M40 
900 9® 


I The Trfb Index 

Prices at 0 / 300 PM. Now York time. 

Jan. 1. 1902=100. 

Lorrol 

Chang* 

% chong* 

yaw to data 
% chong* 

World Index 

153.70 

♦051 

+0-33 

+16.80 

n« atonal lndarow 

Asia/Pacific 

115.43 

-0.13 

-0.11 

-14.03 

Europe 

159.83 

-0.74 

-0.46 

+14.84 

Ad America 

179 Si 

+2.09 

+1.18 

+39J6 

S. America 

tadustrtai indaxw 

140.90 

+1.80 

+1.29 

+58^4 

Capital goods 

176.63 

+0.74 

+0.42 

+32.82 

Consumer goods 

174.74 

+1.16 

+0.67 

+2656 

Energy 

176.79 

-0.08 

-0.05 

+3056 

Finance 

116.02 

+0.60 

+0.52 

-8^1 

Miscellaneous 

158.38 

-3.57 

-2-20 

+16.60 

Raw Materials 

183.94 

+1.26 

+0.69 

+29.72 

Service 

143^6 

+1.41 

+0.99 

+19^8 

umies 

133.2* 

+0.69 

+0.52 

+4^0 

The International Hamid Tntuna World Stock Indox C tracks me U.S. dbtar values of 
200 k/emetlonaSy Imeetable stocks bom 25 countries. For mom information, a tme 
booklet h ovaBablB by writing id 77w Trib (nofcw, ifll Auanus Cftarfes do Saute, 

92521 Noutty Cedex, France. CompBad by Bloomberg Nem 

High Low 

Close 

Pick. 

High Law 

□oh Prey. 


MRsuIFudOU 1380 

Mitsui Trim 849 

MurotaMfB 4150 

NEC 
Nikon 
N Stitts Sec 
Nintendo 


NlppoaSKtl M* 

Nfcsat Motor 773 

NKK 271 

NanwnSeC 1720 1690 1690 

NTT 8930a 87I0n 8730a 

NTT Data 32600 31300 31500 

OJI Paper 679 666 679 

Osaka Gas 302 299 299 

Meoh 1430 i*t>5'' 1*00 

Roto 0900 0690 8690 

Sahara Bk 840 006 007 


1380 

1330 

1340 

1360 


1370 

1X55 

1155 

1X70 

849 

825 

830 

050 


30M 

30 

30.10 

30 

4150 

4120 

41» 

4170 

NeuAridgeNet 

4570 

44h 

459i 

45 

143B 

1370 

1370 

144U 


33U 

3X05 

33!4 

3X10 

1750 

1720 

1720 

1750 

Moreen Energy 

30/0 

29/5 

29/S 

3040 

m 

/6H 

779 

763 


101J5 10035 

101JO 

101/0 

iMOU 

8320 

8390 

0280 

Nan 

12/5 

1270 

ixva 

I2.W 

813 

793 

m 

779 

Ones 

25 

2*U 

25 

25.10 

529 

515 

525 

509 

Pancitn Petlm 

57-4 

55 

5595 

57N 

3*2 

335 

335 

335 

Prim Cda 

2020 

20/5 

20.10 

2020 

m 

/4I 

753 

765 


3015 

29/0 

29.70 

3010 

Z7I 

M 

264 

271 

PocoPWai 

13V5 

13J5 

13M 

1130 

I/20 

1690 

I6V0 

IM 

Potash Sask 

109.95 

108 Ki 

109.95 109/5 


Sankyo 34*0 

SamnBcmk 1620 

Sanya Elec 508 

Sana 6770 

SdbvRwy 5500 

Sektoul own 1280 

5eUtu< House 1130 

Seven- Eleven 7480 

Sharp 1530 

5Umfcu El Pw SJfSB 

SWmbB 70S 

ShkvetsaCh 2370 

Shtoeklo 1*20 

ShbuolaiBk 1110 

Softbank 10900 

Sony 8710 

5MTdtori» Ml 

Sumitomo Bk 170s 

SumBCbem 492 

Sunawiffl Etoc 1690 

SunD Metal 397 

Sumlt Trust 1170 

TabMPtorn 2830 

TakedaOm 2560 

TDK 81*0 

Tahoku El Pw 2070 

Total Bank loeo 

Tofclo Marine 1220 

TricyaEIPm 2240 

Tokyo Electron 4060 

Tokyo Gas 31* 

TakyuCorp. 595 

Tanan _ 1260 

Toppan Print 1*40 

Toraylntf 734 

Totoiba 725 

Tosfem 2850 

Tayo Trust 870 

Toyota Motor 3350 

Yamonouehi 2560 

icriattKXlJOO 


3400 3410 

1530 1530 
495 502 

6650 6600 

5190 5360 
1250 1260 

11D0 1110 

7200 7290 

1490 1500 

2020 20*0 
759 766 

2310 2330 

1410 1*20 

1000 1100 
10600 10600 
8570 8580 

916 924 

1600 1630 
*86 
1670 1670 

292 296 

1120 1130 
277U 2800 

2420 2430 

mao 0060 

2030 2060 

1050 1050 

1190 1200 

2190 2230 

39OT -4000 
303 303 

5B5 590 

1240 1250 

1410 1*30 

7T7 712 

711 711 

2770 2770 

045 863 

3210 3220 


RenabsancB 
MoAJggm 
Rugras Cartel B 
Seagram CO 
SfleflCdaA 
Stone Comma 

Surtax 

T ataman Em 

TeefcB 

Tetaglatie 

Tehis 

Thomson 

TorDom Bank 

Trnmatta 

TransCda Pipe 

Trimark Rnl 

Trttec Hotel 

TVXGotd 

WesKoasrEny 

Weston 


Wenna *RS! 5 !SS 

Baehtar-UdtWi 834 B21 B27J0 027.90 

OwBInmtPta 432 420 432 423 

EA-General 3380 3350 3380 3400 

EVN 1737 172S T727 17*1 

FhMtafenWtoo 590 576 5B6J0 57150 

05tV 1392JO1367J0 13S8 1383 

Oest EfcBito BfiSJ 8H 857 861 

VAStaM 495 <77 4BQ *78.10 

VATach 17551736J0 17*7 1755 

W leneTOeroBau 2152 71352151 JO 2145 


4X90 *3.10 
fiac ruts 
25*0 2*80 
55*5 54W 

SOW 5746 
2X10 2185 
59.90 5994 

*5M 4540 
33« 3X33 
40 39* 

2145 2080 
28V5 28N 
3820 37 J0 
1720 17J05 
25/5 25* 

43 *2/0 
31/0 31J5 
1216 1125 
2 SM 25.10 
75 75 


43* 43M 

33* 3X15 
25 25/0 
55J0 5520 
58 57/5 
2X0S 2X05 
5914 58J5 
4SM 45u6S 
33V4 3314 

40 40 

20JS 21 
2840 2BJD 

38.10 3X05 

17.10 17.15 

25/0 2514 

4270 43 

3H4 3114 

1X10 1X05 

*f s gs 


Toronto 


Afeorta Enemy 
Alcan Ahrra 
Anderson Emu 



IS" 


FtetcherOedA 


SEW 


Laewen Graap 
MnantoBUi 
Magna IndA 


TSE tadushtohs 622*59 
Previous: 622*95 

10 2X95 23 2X05 

70 2920 29/0 2920 

35 4816 49 4X70 

55 1616 T6V4 1*35 

» 47/0 *8.10 4750 
20 5DJ0 5120 57 

*0 36/5 371e 37 

70 69/5 69.95 70 

95 3055 3H» 30V 

76 72 76 77/0 

95 26/5 2*70 2*80 
33 31/5 33 3116 

70 19J5 1914 2120 

30 50.90 5116 51 

95 6*10 6*05 6*00 
55 51 JO 51J5 51.70 
90 3314 32/0 3X60 

70 3X30 2XS5 2X80 

36 3540 35/0 3560 

39 38J5 3800 3916 

80 2*55 2400 2*55 
30 12 12J0 1X15 

30 2*05 2*10 26to 

33 33 33 

35 231* 2316 2X30 

43 4X05 43 

» 292 294 295 

10 31 JO 31 JS 31/5 
30 23 23U 2X40 

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PAGE 15 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


ASIA7PACIFIC 




Korean Air 

Posts First 
Loss Ever 

Jfbn’s Drop in 1996 
Added to Fuel Costs 

by Ow Surf Ft** ntifharha 

SEOUL — Korean Air an- 
nounced on Monday its first annual 
loss in its 34-year history, as rising 
fuel costs in 1 996 were compounded 
by the slump of the won against the 
■j dollar. 

The flagship carrier posted a net 
loss of 2 10 billion won ($245.6 mil- 
lion), compared with a net profit of 
105.9 billion won in 1995. 

Sales rose 8 percent, to 3.67 tril- 
lion won. But the cargo load factor 
— Korean Air is the world's third- 
largest cargo carrier — fell to 74 4 
percent from 75.2 percent in 1995. 

Analysts said the airiint* should 
return to profitability this year, to 

increased overseas travel by Koreans, 
higher fares at the rival carrier Asians 
Air Inc. and falling fuel prices. 

"We're seeing the worst for 
Korean Air,” said S.C. Kim of 
Hanjin Investment & Securities. 
“Its earnings will rebound as fuel 
prices and foreign exchange Losses 
recover." 

“Korean Air's net profit is likely 
to jump to 127 billion won in 1998 
after dismal 1996 results," said Za- 
yong Koo of Dresdner Kleinwort 
Benson Securities Co. 

Jet fuel prices have already fallen 
below $29 a barrel, down from $35 
two months ago, he said, predicting 
a price of about $23 by year’s end. 

Fuel costs, which made up about 
16 percent of operating expenses, 
rose as much as 30 percent last year, 
and Korean Air pays dollars for 
four-fifths of its fuel. 

The won fell 8 3 percent against 
the dollar in 1 996, inflating the com- 
pany's dollar-denominated debt. 

(Wits were also pressed by high 
depreciation charges, as the earner 
wrote off aircraft costs over a shorter 
time period than many airlines. 

Nonetheless, the airline said 
Monday that it had received gov- 
ernment approval to import 41 new 
aircraft by 2000. It has already signed 
contracts with Boeing Co., for three 
747-400s and two 777s, and with 
Airbus Industrie, for two A-330s. 

“These purchases shouldn't 
make depreciation charges jump, 
since it will be a gradual process," a 
spokesman said. ( Bloomberg . AFP) 


U.S.-Taiwan ‘Open Skies 9 Deal Near 


Bloomberg News 

TAIPEI — Taiwan and the United Stales 
to sign an “open rides’’ agreement this 
week, paving the way for unrestricted flights 
between the two countries, a Taiwan aviation 
regulator said Monday. 

The draft would clear the way ■ 

for a treaty to lift restrictions on 
how many flights atriioe s 
how often they fly and bow much 
they charge. 

Tsai Tuei, the director of 

Taiwan’s Civil Aeronautics Ad- 
ministration, was due in Washington for taller 
on Wednesday and Thursday, said an official of 
the administration. The two sides are expected 
to sign a draft agreement afterward, flie official 
said. 

The accord, tbe third in Asia for the United 
States, would reduce costs for U.S. carriers 
such as United Aidines and boost revenues for 
Taiwan’s main international airline^ China 
Airlines and Eva Airways. 

For consumers, it may become easier to get 


seats on routes that are often filled during peak 
season. 

For Taiwan car riers, "revenues will surge," 
said Jerry Cheng, a transportation industry ana- 
lyst for Jardine Fleming Taiwan Securities Ltd. 


Micronesia — all of which fly to Taipei — 
reduce their costs, the official of the Taiwan 
aeronautics authority said. The agreement 
would let these carriers share flights with other 
foreign airlines, the official said. 

It also may be good news for 
China Airlines and Eva, which 

Talks in Washington this week are expected to already fly to seven U.S. cities, 

i » , , i. _ , . - including New York and Los 

lead to a draft agreement, clearing the way for Angeies Tbey would now be able 

unrestricted flights between the two countries. to fry to more cities. 

° How profitable those new 

routes may be is a big question. 


F-«eh additional U.S.-Taiwan flight would 
boost sales for Taiwan carriers by more than I 
billion Taiwan dollars ($36.2 million) a year, 
be stud. 

The agreement would be part of Washing- 
ton's effort to open Pacific Rim destinations for 
US. carriers. Washington has already signed 
similar accords with Singapore and Brunei and 
has 12 others with European nations. 

Tbe latest agreement would help United 
Airlines, Northwest Airlines and Continental 


analysts said. Profit margins on U.S. routes 
may be squeezed from a current 10 percent if 
airunes start flying more, said a China Airlines 
spokesman. Steve Yang. 

"Prices are already too low." be said. "We 
won't open a new flight unless there’s money to 
earn." 

Local carriers will also be able to extend 
their U.S.-bound flights without restrictions in 
Europe and I a tin America, the Taiwan official 
said. 


Investor’s Asia 


Singapore 

Straits Times 


Tokyo 
Nikkei 225 



Hang Seng 


3998 1997 

Prav. % 

Close Change] 
13,37539 13,444 85 -0.51 


Monday 

Close 


LG Electronics’ Profit Tumbles 18% 

Exchange Rate Losses and Price Cuts Hurt South Korean Firm 


Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — LG Electronics Co., 
South Korea's second-largest elec- 
tronics manufacturer, said Monday 
that net profit fell 18 percent last 
year because of foreign exchange 
losses and price cuts introduced m 
order to compete with rivals. 

The company said its net profit 
for tbe year ended in December fell 
to 64.8 billion won ($76.2 million) 
from 79 2 billion won for the pre- 
vious year. That had included a one- 
time gain of 70 billion won from tbe 
sale of states in its subsidiaries LG 
Information .& Co mmunicati ons 
Ltd, and Dacom Corp. 

LG Electronics is the first of 
Korea’s electronics producers to re- 
peat 1996 earnings. These compa- 
nies. which also include Samsung 
Electronics Co. and Daewoo Elec- 
tronics Co., are suffering at home 
and abroad because of domestic 
competition and a weakening yen 
that mates Japanese consumer elec- 
tronics exports cheaper. 

LG's profit was decreased by a 
foreign exchange loss of 68 billion 
won as the South Korean currency 
fell 8_5 percent against the dollar. 
■That cut LG’s recurring profit 89 
percent, to 12.9 billion won, as the 
value of the company’s dollar-de- 
nominated debt swelled. 


LG’s foreign exchange loss 
should shrink this year as the 
Korean government moves to stem 
the won’s fall, which has hurt cor- 
porate earnings and inflated con- 
sumer prices. 

Analysts said LG’s cost-cutting 
program is also starting to show 
results and to boost profit margins. 

Home appliances account for 6 
percent of South Korea's exports 


Japan Car Sales 
Expected to Fall 

Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — A Japanese auto 
dealers’ group said Monday a rise in 
die consumption tax and a sluggish 
economy would probably cut sales 
by nearly 3 percent this year. 

"Tbe economy is very slow 
now," said Keishin Kato, bead of 
the Japan Automobile Dealers As- 
sociation. "There’s a chance it 
could get worse." 

Tbe increase in the consumption 
tax to 5 percent from 3 percent on 
April 1 is expected to trim auto sales 
by 270,000 through tbe end of the 
year, Mr. Kato said. 


and more than half of LG Elec- 
tronics' sales. 

Last year, prices of electronics 
produced domestically were cut by 5 
to 10 percent on average because of 
"a serious price war," said Oh Joon 
Young, an electronics analyst at 
Dongbang Peregrine Securities Co. 

"This year, die domestic elec- 
tronics market will continue to be 
bad." Mr. Oh said. 

■ Samsung Opts for Malaysia 

Samsung Electronics Co., the 
world’s latgest producer of memory 
chips, has opened its largest over- 
seas manufacturing facility in 
Seremban, Malaysia, in an effort to 
increase earnings by cutting costs, 
Bloomberg News reported. 

The company has invested $900 
million in its Malaysian plants, 
which accounts for 60 percent of all 
South Korean investment in the 
country, said Yun Jong Yong. pres- 
ident and chief executive of Sam- 
sung Electronics. 

Samsung's Seremban complex 
will produce 1.8 milli on monitors, 
12 milli on tubes for televisions and 
monitors, and 18 million glass bulbs 
a year. 

The complex buys 81 percent of 
its raw materials and components in 
Malaysia. 


New Setback 
For Vietnam 
Oil Refinery 

Reuters 

TAIPEI — Chinese Petroleum 
Corp. is considering withdrawing 
from plans to invest in a $1 .6 billion 
refinery project in Vietnam due to 
the likelihood of a low return, ex- 
ecutives said Monday. 

“Chinese Petroleum reviewed 
the Vietnam refinery project and is 
likely to stop the plan due to its low 
investment return." a company of- 
ficial said 

The Taiwan state oil company 
sought a 15 percent return, but a 
company review showed an expec- 
ted return of less than half that, the 
official said. 

Tbe French oil company Total S A 
withdrew from the project in 1995, 
calling it economically non viable. 

According to current plans. 
Chinese Petroleum and Chinese In- 
vestment Development Corp. would 
together take a 10 percent stake in 
Vietnam’s first oil refinery, which is 
located in Quang Ngai Province. 

Other partners are Pietro Vietnam, 
with 30 percent; South Korea's LG 
Group with 27 percent; Stone & 
Webster with 3 percent, and Pet- 
ronas of Malaysia and Conoco Inc., 
which would share a 30 percent 
stake equally. 


Singapore 

swate Times 

2JZ3&89 

2J241.28 

-0.33 

Sydney 

AM Ordinaries 

2,482 £0 

2,475.30 

+0-20 

Tokyo 

NWtei22S 

18,898.99 

19,03434 

-0.72 

Kuala Umpur Composite 

1,264.90 

1.262.96 

+0.16 

Bangkok 

SET 

74208 

747.70 

-0.75 

Seoul 

Composite Index 

6TC3S 

681.24 

-0.68 

Taipei . 

Stock Market Index 7,808.61 

7,739.94 

+2.18 

Mann*. ... 

PSE 

3,338.67 

3.301.88 

+1.11 

Jakarta 

Composite Index 

898,03 

596.50 

-0.07 

.vrauR^oo . 

NZS&40 . 

2,308.37 

2.30133 

+0-30 

Bombay 

Sensitive Index 

3,358.47 

3,430.49 

-2.36 

Source: Tateftu/S 


lnKfTWHmul HhjU TnNnk: 

Very briefly: 


• Yosiutorni Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. will buy 
Green Cross Corp. on Oct. 1 in a stock swap valued at about 
$900 million. Green Cross agreed in March 1 996 to an out-of- 
court settlement, along with four other companies and the 
Japanese government, to compensate victims of HIV-tainted 
blood products. 

• Taiwan’s unemployment rate rose unexpectedly in January, 
to 2.68 percent from 2.60 percent in December. 

• Sooth Korean opposition parties presented revised labor 
rules to replace controversial legislation forced through Par- 
liament in December, as labor unions prepared for a wave of 
strikes. Union leaders called the opposition proposals ‘ ’partly 
acceptable." 

• Japan plans to allow contractors to build larger condomin- 
iums in certain urban areas in a move to lower prices. 

• Kokusai Densbin Denwa Co., Japan's leading interna- 

tional telephone carrier, saw its shares drop 1 80 yen ($ 1 .47), or 
2 percent, to 7.550 yen. after the Nihon Keizai Shimbun 
predicted the company would report a sharp drop in earnings 
for the year to March. Bloomberg, aff 


Sumitomo Ex-Trader Freed on Bail 

(Ynydai M OnrShiffFnwn DupOcha 

TOKYO — Yasuo Hamanaka, the former chief copper trader 
at Sumitomo Corp. who has admitted to fraud and forgery, was 
freed Monday on bail of 50 million yen ($406,000). 

His lawyer. Hidesaro Sekine, said relatives had posted the 
bail, allowing Mr. Hamanaka to leave the Tokyo Detention 
Center, where he had been held since his arrest on Oct. 22. Mr. 
Hamanaka refused to comment as he walked out of the center. 

He pleaded guilty on Feb. 17, the first day of his trial, in 
connection with trades over a decade that cost Sumitomo $2.6 
billion. He is due back in court on March 10. [Reuters, AFP) 


PIXAR: Cashing In on Animated Films 

Continued from Page It 

oo primitive to mate a full-length 
ie. So for years, Pixar tried to earn 


far too 

movie. So for years, 

its way by selling computer work sta- 
, dons and software used for digitally 
enhancing images. 

That business strategy was mostly a 
failure, and Pixar chewed up $50 million 
of Mr. Jobs's money. Yet all along, he 
funded a small, backroom group at Pixar 
that made a series of critically acclaimed 
computer-animated short films, like 
"Tin Toy," which won an Oscar in 
19S8. 

The short films, and Pixar’s techno- 
logy, attracted the attention of Disney, 
and tbe two companies began working 
together. In 1991, Disney threw the 
struggling startup a lifeline, when Pixar 
signed a three-movie deal with Disney 
— "Toy Story" was the first. 

pixar is hard at work these days on its 
second movie for Disney, c o c fename d 
“Bugs," which is scheduled to be re- 
leased for the 1 998 holiday season. Story 
* development on the third film, unnamed 
as yet, has begun. 

The fledgling studio is growing rap- 
idly with a payroll of 300 people, twee 
the size of two years ago. Pixar recently 
reported impressive financial results for 
1996. its first complete year as a public 
company. Revenues tripled to $38 mil- 


lion, as profit jumped 16-fold, to $25 
million. • 

Still, investors are not yet impressed. 

The company’s shares jumped $3.25 to 
$17,375 in afternoon trading Monday as 
investors were optimistic feat Pixar will 
be able to sweeten its deal with Disney, 
but feat compares wife a close of $39 on 
its first day of trading. Nov. 29, 1995. 

The early enthusiasm evaporated as 
investors focused on two thmgs: First, 
Pixar’s financial performance will be 
cyclical, rising wife hit movies and fall- 
ing until the next one. Second, under the 
current three-movie contract, Disney 
collects nearly all the profits. 

Ia die current contract, Disney sup- 
plies funding, story advice, marketing 
and distribution for the films. For its 
contribution, Pixar receives 10 percent 
to 15 percent of fee total profits from fee 
box office, video sales, computer games 
and merchandising revenues. 

Looking at Pixar’s share price, Mr. 
Jobs says investors are being shortsighted. 
His company, he says, is bunding a Long- 
term asset of considerable value, “ft isn't 
going to happen with one film or two but 
we have a shot at building fee second 
great animation studio after Disney." he 
said. Mr. Jo bs has been pushing to get 
Pixar 30 percent to 40 percent of fee 
profits from future films, and perhaps 
even sweeten the current contract. 


11 Korea Firms 
Face Audits on 
Links to Hanbo 


Ca^aeibfOmrSuSFnmDepmcka 

SEOUL — The Finance and Economy 
Ministry said Monday it would conduct 
audits of H nonbanking financial in- 
stitutions feat would determine whether 
any of them was implicated in fee loans- 
for-kickbacks scandal involving tbe 
Hanbo Group. 

The audits will start March 3, a min- 
istry official said. 

Concerns feat fee Hanbo affair could 
flare up again weighed on the market. 
The benchmark Korea composite index 
fell 4.65 points on Monday to 676.59. 
Shares also came under pressure from 
higher interest rates. 

Five leasing firms are to undergo reg- 
ular audits, tbe ministry said. They are 
Korea Industrial Leasing Co., Korea De- 
velopment Leasing CoTp., First Citicorp 
Leasing Inc., Hand Leasing Co. and 
Kookmin Leasing Co. Tbe other insti- 
tutions are Hyundai International Mer- 
chant Bank, Saehan Merchant Banking 
Corp.. Korea Merchant Banking Corp., 
First Merchant Banking Corp., Hansol 
Merchant Bank and Hangi] Merchant 
Banking Corp. (AFP, Reuters) 



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; 6 !» '4 'ft fcA ii bft'L 


PAGE 2 


INTERNATIONAL herald TRIBUNE, SA3TJRD»tf-SlJO^a; 




jssiaasfefs-. 




PAGE 18 


Hcraltt^^lSribmie 

Sports 


TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 ;$ 


World Roundup 




m . 

M*n BjvtawB^dKkBvWlliMcn 

Stefania Belmondo could only 
bear to look with one eye as she 
awaited a photo finish verdict 

Vialbe Wins 2d Gold 

normc skunq Yelena Vialbe of 
Russia beat Stefania Belmondo of 
Italy in a photo finish to win her 
second gold of the world cham- 
pionships in Monday’s 10-ldlome- 
cer freestyle pursuit cross-country 
race. Vialbe crossed die line a few 
inches ahead of the Italian. 

Bjorn Daehlie delighted home 
fans by earning Norway’s first gold 
with a victory in the 10-kilometer, 
classical race in 23 minutes 41.8 
seconds, 27.9 seconds ahead of 
Alexei Prokurorov. (Reuters) 

Shtman Wins 2d Tide 

QoLF Jeff Sluznan captured the 
$234,000 Tucson Classic by a 
single stroke over US. Open cham- 
pion Steve Jones for his second 
career victory. Sluman, who won 
the 1988 PGA title, shot five-un- 
der-par 67 Sunday for a 13-under 
total of 275. (AP, Reuters) 

Chang Beats Woodhridge 

Tennis Michael Chang won -the 
$825,000 Sl Jude tournament in 
Memphis on Sunday, beating Todd 
Wooabridge, 6-3 6-4, in the finaL 
• Lindsay > Davenport - beat Lisa ' 
Raymond, 6-4 6-2, in the final of 
the $164,250 IGA Classic in Ok- 
lahoma City /Reuter?! 

Gordon First Again 

NASCAR Jeff Gordon passed 
Dale Jarrett with 43 laps to go for an 
easy victory Sunday in the Good- 
wrench Service 400, giving him 
victories in the first two races this 
season. (AP) 

Softball Player Dies 

A 17-y ear-old high school soft- 
ball player who shot herself in the 
head last week is dead. 

Melissa Chambliss, a senior at 
First Coast High, in Jacksonville. 
Florida, was despondent after play- 
ing poorly at a softball tryout hut 
week at a local community college, 
the police said. She shot herself on 
the Fast Coast softball field 
Thursday with a pistol during a 
dispute with her coach. (AP) 


Ottey Stays Young 
Racing Against Time 


By Ian Thomsen 

huemancnal Herald Tribune 

B irmingham, England — Mer- 
tene Ottey of Jamaica has been 
running with die world's fastest 
women for 17 years- Starring with her 
Olympic debut at Moscow in 1980, site 
has sprinted clean through die Soviet 
Union and frtn the eraof capitalist Russia. 
She has run across five American pres- 
idential elections. She has turned die 100 
meter into a coolest of endurance. 

She has done what all of die cremes, 
drugs, Chinese herbs, hair tonics and 
vi tamin s around the world have foiled to 
do. She has achieved constant youth. 

Not that it has been easy. Last month 
in Germany, Ottey unveiled her own 
line of personally designed athletic 
wear, a career option that no track ath- 
lete ever could have envisioned when 
Ottey broke into the world Top 10 in 
1980. In those days the sport was sup- 
posedly amateur. These days Ottey is a 
milli onaire, as if the odometer of her 
career is preceded by a doUar-sign. 

Her fashion tour consisted of six Ger- 
man cities in a long week. Each show 
started at 7 PAL and lasted until 2 or 3 in 
die morning. It meant publicity inter- 
views, constant smiling, sbedding clothes 
backstage as fast as she runs and then 
dancing bade down die catwalk, to die 
music she had selected, with 16 younger 
models. At 10 the next morning she was 
on her way to the next city and another 
show that night. She is 36 years old. 

“It almost killed me.” she said. 
“After one week my quads went, I 
couldn’t walk. All that dancing is like a 
marathon for me. I’m used to sprinting 
for 10 seconds or 21 seconds and then it’s 
over. This dancing wait an for hours.” 
By the tour’s end she was wondering 
whether her sprinting career might be 
finished. She was exhausted, flu-ridden, 
andher first event of the year was waiting 
for her in a few weeks. On Sunday Ottey 
showed up for her season debut at the 
Ricoh Tour Final, the last of four major 
indoor meets in Europe this year. Despite 
a hesitant start she finished second in the 
60 meters at 7.10 seconds, just one one- 
hundredth of a second behind Christy 
Opara-Thompsoa of Nigeria, who is Ot- 
tey ^ 's junior by a decade. 

It was enough to persuade Ottey to try 
to defend her 60-meter title at the World 
Indoor Championships in two weeks at 
Fans. She refused to predict whether she 
would appear at Athens in August for 
the larger outdoor World Champion- 
ships. She admits that her health, her 
resolve or her speed could give out at 
any moment. 

“I’ve been talking about retiring 
since 1984, so it’s best that I shut up 
about it,” she said. 

Ottey, who turns 37 in May, was bom 
38 days after her fellow Jamaican, Un- 
ford Christie, who emigrated to England 
with his family. They have been training 
together this winter and will meet in 
South Africa for more work before the 
outdoor season. She said Christie has 
not quite yet decided to retire. 

“I like to be around people who love 
the sport and who like to train,” she 
said “ It’ s good for me to train with him. 
especially when I need somebody to 
really push me. He has more faith in me 
than! have in myself. He was telling me 
I could win the gold medal in Atlanta 
and 1 said. ‘Impossible.’ He thinks I can 
still do better than I’m doing now. ” 

For all of Ottey's successes — 26 
medals from the Olympics (7). the out- 
door (13) and the indoor (6) world cham- 
pionships. the largest collection in the 
history of die sport — die is most fa- 


mous, and perhaps most loved, for her 
disappointments. She has won two in- 
dividual gold medals at the outdoor wodd 
championship and none at the 
Olympics. 

In 1993 she believed she deserved 
better than a world championship silver 
medal in her 1 00-meter photo finish 
with Gail Devers. As a result, Ottey 
might have felt justice had been served 
when, at the world championships two 
years later, she was awarded the 200- 
meters gold medal after the unofficial 
American winner, Gwen Torrence, was 
disqualified for running oat of her lane. 

Last summer Ottey lost another 
photo-finish decision to Devers, this 
time in die Olympic 100 meters. Ottey 
still believes liar torso crossed foe line 
first, and site wishes that her Jamaican 
federation had protested more vocifer- 
ously on her behalf; after all, Ottey is 
also an official ambassador of the Ja- 
maican government. Nonetheless, she 
tried to forget about all of that and cel- 
ebrate her first Olympic silver medal. 
She returned to her room that night and 
turned on foe TV to see a replay of her 
medal ceremony, foe worn indignity of 
all — she said foot the American TV 
network, in its abominable parochialism, 
was showing only foe Americans Devers 
and Tozrence on foe medal stand. 

“All you couldsee was my hair stick- 
ing out in foe comer of the screen,” said 
Ottey on her last aight in Atlanta. “I'm 
leaving this country tomorrow on the 
Concorde and I tell you I can't wait” 

That outburst was atypical. If foe 
years are starting to threaten her speed, 
they have also taught her to relax. After 
more than a decade of suffering with 
pressure, she happily refers to herself as 
foe underdog. 

“People were always saying, 'Tins is 
it, you have to win this one,' and I used 
to miss hearing foe gun because I am 
thinking too much.” she' said. “Now I 
don't have to win. I know at this stage in 
my career that I can possibly lose, and I 
can possibly win, and it’s a good thing to 
know. I’m 16 of 17 years older than 
some of them. I feel honored that I can 
still race against these people.” 

And most of them are probably 
scared to death of her. 


Jf-M? 

t f :• U: •; • 


?W-r rk'ty] 
, 




pRNdlmrfWf —Harr Puan 

Merfene Ottey sprinting to second 
in the 60 meters in Birmingham. 


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Tulio of Corinthians, left, battling for the bail with Valber of Sad Paulo. Tulio stored both Corinthians 
goals in a 2-2 tie. Sao Paulo leads Group 2 in the Sao Paulo state championship; Corinthians are second. 

Goalie Chilavert Scores Again for Velez 


Ctwnpiied bf Our S&ffFnxx Dapcedta 

Jose Luis Chilavert, foe Velez Saisfieid goalkeeper, 
celebrated foe opening day of foe Argentine clausum 
championship by scoring from a penalty in his team ’s game 
with Newell f s Old Boys on Sunday. The Paraguayan in- 
ternational sent his apposite number. Oistran Cejas, die 
wrong way m foe 23d minute to score his 1 2th goal for the 

club. Velez, however, lettwo points slip when Julio Saldana 
scored four minutes from time to earn Newell’s a 1-1 tie. 

Boca Juniors, playing their first league game since 
Hector Vieira took over as coach, beat Eshidiantes 2-1. 


The championship is the second of two tournaments 
played in the Argentine season. 

Italy Sven Goran Eriksson, a coach from Sweden, said 
Monday he would not be joining Blackburn in the English 
Premier League and would coach in Italy next season. 
Eriksson, who coaches Sampdariaof Genoa, did not name his 
new team, which is widely expected to be Lazio of Rome. 

Eriksson said Blackburn officials had agreed to break a 
three-year pre-contract he signed in December. 

Sampdoria is second in Sene A; Lazio has already fired 
coach ZdenekZeman. 

• Doctors derided Monday to operate . at once on Edgar 
Davids, Milan’s midfielder, who broke bis leg in two places 
against Perugia on Sunday. The leg- swelled overnight 


haemaUonai Herald Tribune 

GENTING HIGHLANDS; Malaysia. 
— This was the day in Le Tbur de 
Langkawi bicycle race that everybody 1 
knew would separate the cream from the 
milk, the wheat from the chaff, the pro- 
fessionals from the amateurs. And so it 
was. 

Riders from foe MG team from Italy, 
one of foe world's best finished one- 
two-three Monday in foe sixth of 12 daily 
stages, 71 kilometers (44 miles) mainly 
uphill from Bulat Kiara to the chilly and 
rainy resort-theme park of Goiting 
Highlands. Professionals took the first 
five places and seven of foe first 10. 

The winner by one minute 19 seconds 
in an overall time of 2:19.04 was Luca 
Scmto, who attacked with a Post Swiss 
rider, Richard Chassot, with 20 kilo- 
meters to go and a nearby sign indi- 
cating that the road grade was 9 percent. 
On stretches of the 18-kilometer ascent 
where the grade reached 17 percent, 
Chassot was left behind. 

Scinto rode smoothly to victory. He 
said later that over the final 10 kilo- 
meters, “foe first eight were very pain- 
ful and the last two were belL” 

His teammates Paolo Bettini and Nic- 
ola Loda were second and third. 

Scinto donned foe overall leader’s 
yellow jersey, followed by Loda and 
then Bettini, nearly, two minutes behind. 
Any of them will be difficult to deny the. 
final victory Sunday, when the race 
concludes (m the island of Langkawi. 

The highest-placed amateurs in the 
stage were Andrei Mizourov of the fine 
Kazakstan team, in sixth place, and his 
teammate, Sergei Lavrenenko, in sev- 
enth. 

In the field of 125 finishers, the bot- 
tom ranks were filled with amateurs 
from such cycling nonpowers as In- 


/SamuilAbt 


(kmestirOuna, Finland; I apart, "Malay- 
sia, New Zealand, Norway, foe Phil- 
ippines and South Korea. 

That mattered very little to them. 
Winning, even placing welt, is not why 
they are competing in Le Tour de 
Langkawi. 

“We’re here to learn,” said Jean- 
Paul Van Poppel, die coach of the 
TegeJ-Toko amateur team from the 
Netherlands. “We’re here for the ex- 
perience. And to have a good prep- 
aration for die season in Europe.” 

Van Poppel knows all about racing in 
Europe: An outstanding sprinter, he 
won nine stages in the Tour de France 
and, in 1987, foe green points jersey 
there. He retired two years ago at 32 and 
now directs what he described Monday 
as “foe youngest team in the race, a very 
youngteam — 18, 19,20,21, 22 and cine 
rider of 26” 

And his riders are learning. ‘Tve told 
them before what real raring is like, bat . 
now they feel it in their legs,” be said. 
“They ’re finding out they can do it, stay 
with the best.” 

Norm Ahris of the Saturn team from 
foe United States also praised the ben- 
efits of a higher level of competition. 

“I first rode with the Chinese team ai 
the end of 1995 in the Tour of China,” 
he said, “and they have significantly 
improved. They’re a lot stronger than 
I’ve seen them before and they’re doing 
a really good job here. They've been 
exposed id a new level of racing-” 

In its inaugural last year, Le Tour de 
langkawi attracted only a minor pro- 
fessional team from Australia, not foe 
MGs. Mapeis and Casinos of this year. 
An informal poll before the start of the 


CnmfJUhr OmrS&rttm DUpoditr 

With three minutes to go. foe score 
was tied in a pine heavy with playoff- 
race drama for the Anaheim Mighty 
Ducks and the Vancouver Canuc k s. 

When the game ended, Anaheim bad 
won, 5-2, sweeping two. crucial week- 
end games from Vancouver and win- 
ning two in a row for the first time in 


The Dorics got another goal with 55 
seconds left, when Paul Sanya put foe 
puck into .an empty net — his second 
goal of the game and his 30th in 48 
games this season. . 

Bret Hedican, a Vancouver defense- 
man, gave ttte Canucks a 1-0 lead before 
Kunitied the score in the second period. 
Then Kariya sprinted in alone and rifled 


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six weeks. It was also foe Ducks’ eighth 
victory in foe- last trifle games at home. 

The Ducks dived and scrapped to 
gain a victory that tied them with Van- 
couver for ninth place, one point behind 
Calgary for the final playoff spot in foe 
Western Conference. • 

■ Teemu Sclannc scored a spectacular 
sprawling goal-wift his skates knocked 
out from <»nder him with Ml left. That 
broke a2-2 tie. • . ■ , 

Less rh«n a mint**** laser, Kerin Todd 
broke the tension that remained by scor- 
ing far Anaheim off a pass from Jari 
Karri. It was Todd’s tost goal since 
Dec. 1, a span of 27 games. 

“ft was a big relief,” said Todd, who 
had a dollar bul taped to the handle of 
his stick — a bit of encoutagSDeat-fiom 
his wife, Dana. ” She told me to wrap ft 
up and put it in my hand, kind of to cake 

my mind off” the game, he said. 


a shot past Vancouver’s goal tender, 
Kirk McLean, for a 2-1 lead. 

The Canucks tied the score, 2-2, late 
in foe second on a goal by MDce Rid- 
ley. 

«rtm5,» niM i Buffalo is the latest 
team to mount an impressive run in this 
National Hockey League season. 

The Sabres’ victory over Boston ex- 
tended its unbeaten streak to 12, foe 
longest by a Buffalo team since 1984. 

■Qfoer teams with long unbeaten 
streaks this season include the Phil- 
adelphia FJyera with 17 straight, foe 
Rnsborrii Penguins (14), foe New Jer- 
sey Devils (13) and the Colorado Ava- 
tenehe(I2). • 

The point-scoring streak by the Bru- 
ms Adam Oates was snapped at 20 


W“rt"*4»R«ii»Bw 1 Tommy Solo 
stored 27 shots, and the Islanders 
.scored two goals on power plays to hand 
die visiting Penguins their sixth loss in 
seven games. 


UflMnmg 4, Stu r ka 3 In Tampa, 
Brantt Myfrres scored for foe first turfc 
in 30 games, completing Tampa Bay’s 
comeback from a three-goal deficit. 

“It was unbelievably exciting,” 
Myhres said. “I think every kid dreams 
about getting a goal like that.” 

stan6,oaec«i Sergei Zubov and Jqe 
Nieuwendyk each scored twice, and 
Mike Modano had a goal and forte 
assists as Dallas beat visiting Edmon- 
ton. Modano started a four-goal third 
period for Dallas with his 26th of the 
season at 3:44- 

FtamwS,BhiK3 In Sl Louis, Robert 
Reicbel and Steve Chiasson scored in 
foe third period as Calgary recovered 
from a two-goal deficit to beat foe 
Blues. Calgary took advantage of some 
shaky goaltending by Jon Casey, mak- 
ing his first start m 11 games. 

”»*»* 2. Range** 1 1n Philadelphia, 
goal tender Garth Snow only had to 
14 saves in extending his un- 

taSSS 14 8“"* « 

Avatanch* 4, Senators 3 In Denver, 
Claude Lermeux, Scott Young and 
aanms Otolmsh scored in foe final six 
rtnoutes as the Avalanche came back 

deficit to 

T“> 


- - 


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i **** 

i •, - 

Ip’ 

( ; ; 

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Italian Pros Take Malaysia Stage, 1-24 


*** ■ m 

. • *■»»» .* 


stage Monday showed that riders from 
many national amateur teams fed they 
are gaining from foe upgradings ' i 
Ton ton Susan to of die Indonesian 
team said: “I’m trying to learn from foe 
professionals. Urey have much to teach 
us.” Yuym Bao of the Chinese team 
agreed, saying, “I’m getting very good 
experience, learning teamwork froth 
watching.” 

“The professionals are friendly and 
I’m learning from them,” said Arnel 
Quirimit of the Filipino team. And An- 
drei Kirilev of foe Kazakstan team said, 
“It’s been good, die professionals are 
friendly.” 

Pretty friendly, anyway. * ‘Some Itali- 
ans were giving a Kazakstan guy some 
grief yesterday,” reported Alvis of Sat- 
urn. “But that’s usual.” he explained 
“Kazakstan is amateur but very good, 
so it’s not unnatural to gang up on them 
and try to intimidate them.” 

There are no such problems at the 
South Korean team, said its coach. 
Chung Tae Yoon. On the other hand, 
Kaz aks t a n did place two riders in the top 
10 on Monday, and South Korea’s best 
showing was 40th. • 

Ric Reid, a rider for New Zealand, 
another small team, agreed with the 
Koreans: “Hie professionals are treat- 
ing us very well, no problems.” 

No slagging at all? 

“Well,” he said, “most of the pro- 
fessionals are Italians and it’s quite hard 
to understand them. ButI haven't heard 
any abuse.” 

There's not even sign language? 

-“I haven’t recognized any and I'm 
sure I would,” Reid said, “Italian hand 
gestures go a long way.” 


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Ducks Down Canucks in Scramble for Playoff 





































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 


* Kmeks Beat Lakers in 2d OT 

Ewing Makes an Emotional Rescue With 34 Points 


Cc^^hyOtrStf/-r m c klpixtin 

Patrick Ewing swatted away Eddie 
Jones’s shot in the lane and moments 
later raised l his amis in triumph as he left 
the floor. He was physically drained and 

emotionally charged at the same time It 

was a sensation his teammates shared 

The Krucks had nearly lost a game 
they should have won, and then came 
back to win a game they should have 
lost. 

Ewing scored 10 of his season-high 
34 points m the second overtime and 
blocked Jones s shot with 24 .5 seconds 
1 remaining to carry the Knicks to a 127- 

121 victory over the Lakere on Sunday 

at the Great Western Forum. 

“Twice in overtime, we fell apart and 
came back,” said Jeff Van Gundy, the 
Kmcks coach. 

For Los Angeles, El den Campbell 
.was awesome m the absence of the 
injured Shaquille 0*NeaL Campbell 
scored a career-high 40 points before he 
fouled out with 1 minute 14 www is 
remaining in the second overtime. The 
foul occurred when he collided with 
Ewing, who had dribbled to his right for 
a running hook in the lane before some- 
how banking the ball off the glass. 

Ewing made the free throw for a 124- 
-121 Knicks lead, crushing a comeback 
by the Lakers. He finished with five 
blocked shots and 25 rebounds. 

| The Knicks led by six points with 
29.8 seconds remaining before missing 
four of eight free throws. 

Byron Scott made two implausible 
jump shots to bring the Lakers within 
two points. Then the Knicks* John 
•Starks added to the pandem onium. 


missing two free throws with 10.4 
seconds remaining. 

The Inkers thrust the hall upcourt to 
Jones, who lost it in midair w hite trying 
to go over Ewing. Campbell calmly 
picked up die loose halt in the fane and 
put it in with his left hand "n co ntysted, 

Tbe first overtime swung back and 
forth, until Campbell suddenly found 
himself alone with the basketball driv- 
ing along the left baseline. He had blown 
past Ewing and could not believe his 
eyes: an open layup with the game tied. 
Using his right hand — he is left-handed 
— he pul the ball up meekly. It crawled 
up m the rim. Sat there for a second, and 
fell off as the buzzer sounded. 

Hm« m, Mngj ia as Isaac Austin 
scored 15 points to lead a balanced 
attack as Mi ami won its first game since 
Alonzo Mourning was injured. 

Mourning tore a tendon in his right 
foot Friday and is expected to be side- 
lined for about six weeks. He cheered 
from the bench for his teammates, who 
with 27 games remaining matched the 
team record for victories — 42 — serin 
1994 and tied last year. 

LaPhonso Ellis scored 29 points for 
the hapless Nuggets, who lost die final 
four games in a six-game road swing. 

SupwSonles 99, jazz 87 Gary Payton 
scored nine of his 28 points in overtime 
as Seattle snapped Utah’s seven-game 
winning streak and 13-game home win- 
ning streak. The Somes won despite one 
of the worst games of Shawn Kemp's 
career. He scored just three points on 1- 


for-8 shooting in 35 mi mites and fouled 
out eariy in overtime. 

•lagio 99, Paoara 90 In Indianapolis. 
Orlando spoiled Mark Jackson's home- 
coming. Jackson had 13 points and sev- 
en assists in his first game back with the 
Pacers after being traded from Denver 
as part of a six-player deaL 
i tote 109, Cmiaom so Kendall GUI 
scored 24 points and Sam Cassell scored 
20 as New Jersey handed visiting Bos- 
ton its 10th summit loss. The wm was 
the first for New Jersey since its nine- 
player trade with Dallas on Monday, a 
deal that brought Cassell to the Nets. 

CnafiM* 9i, OriafeM 84 In Van- 
couver, Bobby Phills scored 19 of his 23 
points in the second half as Cleveland 
overcame a 10-point deficit in the fourth 
quarter. 

W ppw 99, Bocks ae Lamond Mur- 
ray and Malik Sealy keyed a 12-point 
fourth-quarter run as the Los Angeles 
Clippers snapped a seven-game road 
-losing streak. 

RodnteS^SfKnflS frj Houston , Ha- 
keem Olajuwon scored 11 of his 21 
points in the fourth quarter for Houston, 
which led by 11 points at halftime and 
coasted in the second half. 

Ptetom as, Buims 79 Terry Mills had 
14 points and 14 rebounds as visiting 
Detroit won its sixth straight. Chris 
Webber, returning from a five-game 
absence with back spasms, scored 19 for 
the Bullets, who have lost nine of 1 1. 

MawarirkM •»,»!■■ aa In Phoenix. Mi- 
chael Finley, a former Sun, hit a 3- 
poin ter with 16 seconds left to complete 
a Dallas rally from 16 points down. 

(NYT.AP) 



Mm* J TWWhA— dcO wi 

Allan Houston of the New York Knicks flying toward the basket while 
Sean Rooks of the Los Angeles Lakers remained earth bound in defense. 


UCLA Climbs 
To 10th Place 
In Rankings 

The Associated Press ’ 

Just six weeks ago the idea of UCLA 
as the national champion would have 
.been met with snickers. Not anymore. \ 

The 1 7 tb -ranked Bruins beat No. 7 
Duke, 73-69, on Sunday and moved up 
seven places in The Associated Press 
poll on Monday. 

“We've come a long way the pasSt 
couple of months,” UCLA’s coach, 

Steve Lavin, said. “We still have a long 
way to go, but our team has an un,- 
believable heart." 

Lavin, 32, took over as coach just 
before the start of the season when Jim 
Harrick was fired. The Bruins were 
ranked 5th in the preseason poll but 
started off with a borne loss to Tulsa, 
and then lost to Kansas, Illinois and 
Stanford. 

The game Sunday stretched UCLA's 
current winning streak to five. 

JJL Henderson was the top scorer for 
the Bruins (17-7) with 18 points. 

Florida State 67, No. 12 Cfamaon 86 

Kerry Thompson scored on 12-foot (3^- 
meter) shot as time expired to give the 
Seminoles (15-9, 5-9 Atlantic Coast Con- 
ference) a rare road victory. Greg Buck- 
ner scored 20 points far the Tigers (20-7, 
8 - 6 ). 

Princoton 90, Dartmouth S3 Princeton 
became the first team to clinch an 
NCAA tournament spot, when it help 
Dartmouth on Saturday to win its 
second consecutive Ivy League title. 


DA 


?<rr 


Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Standi no* 


Mtaml 

W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

42 

13 

.764 

_ 

New York 

40 

15 

m 

2 

■Orfcmdo 

27 

25 

.519 

13V4 

‘Washington 

24 

30 

444 

17M 

■New Jersey 
■PhUodelpNo 

16 

38 

296 

25% 

14 

39 

-264 

27 

Boston 

11 

43 

204 

30% 

CENTRAL tMVHHON 


•Chicago 

48 

& 

289 

— 

•Detroit 

40 

13 

.755 

7% 

'Atlanta 

3S 

18 

MO 

12% 

Onririte 

34 

21 

-618 

14% 

aevatand 

30 

23 

-566 

17% 

.Indiana 

2S 

28 

472 

22% 

tMIhraukee 

25 

29 

.463 

23 

Toronto 

19 

35 

2S2 

29 

town uwiiuMU 


■nmresTDnrMON 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Utah 

38 

15 

217 

— 

Houston 

36 

19 

-655 

3 

Minnesota 

27 

27 

200 

11% 

Daflas 

18 

34 

246 

19% 

Denver 

17 

39 

204 

22% 

‘San Antonio 

13 

40 

215 

25 

Vancouver 

11 

47 

.190 

29% 


MCtHCDMBKNI 



Seattle 

38 

15 

217 

— 

LA. Lakers 

38 

16 

204 

% 

Parted 

29 

26 

-527 

10 

Sacramento 

24 

30 

444 

14% 

LA-CBppera 

22 

29 

431 

15 

Golden Stole 

20 

32 

28S 

17% 

Phoenta 

20 

36 

257 

19% 

■MIUIAT'S BBtonTi 


See Aatoata 

24 

17 

22 22- H 

Houston 

26 

26 

21 22-95 


SA:WNH1141MAM M*dM74> 
SUN; Otafnmn 10-21 1-221. Borifcy B-133- 
8 19. MmA— Son Antonia 57 (Padua M), 
Houston 41 fW»b?).AssW»— Son Antonio 21 
(Johnson 12). Houston 2B (Brettey, Mdaney, 
Was. 

Detroit It 22 24 19- 85 

WaMngM 17 22 IS 25— 79 

D: Md(k 5-7 54 14. Dwnoa 5-12 2-3 14 
MSI* 5-11 (HI 14iWS Webber 8-17 2-2 1*. 
Strickland W# 0-2 19. Ritewa-OeW* 4* 
(M«s 14. Washington 47 (Webber 12. 
Aunts— Detroit IB (HB. Dumont B. 
Washington 21 (Strtcktand 9). 

Boston 38 17 20 2*— W 

Now Jtnoy 23 27 21 31—107 

& MeXJr 5-7 5-0 16 Dunn** 5-12 2-3 U 
MIX 5-11 MMt Webber B-17 2-2 19. 
Stockland MB 0-2 19. RriMMds-Sostaa 51 


matorm New Jersey 66 (MassenburylO). 
Assists— Boston 21 (WerieyBLNewJereeyZS 
(Cones 6). 

27 « 22 24-99 
33 20 18 T3 — 86 
LJL Marita 4-12 7-0 19, $edy MS 6-4 1 «, 
Murray 5-106-7 It M: Robinson 10-22 44 25, 
BoterB-196-9ZL Reborn*— Los Angelos 51 
(Vautfdlti.MiwBuhoB 43 (Brito) Blown BL 
Assists— LA. 1» (Marita 6. MtaKwkoe 19 
(Douglas 6. 

awtl Bad 19 2B 21 SB— 91 

Veacuvor 19 2B 22 IS— M 

e PMb 9-14 4-4 23, HB 60 64 19 
VSeeves 10-206426, Abdur-RaNm 7-15 9- 
10 24. ReboindB— aewkmd 46 (HB 17), 
Vancouver 38 (Abdur-RaNm BL 
Assists— Oewfcmd 21 (tea Q, Vancouver 
20 (AnttmyS. 

Seaflto 24 If IB 17 II- >9 

mob 16 25 22 15 9- B7 

& Payton 11-26 4-7 2B. Schraavf M3 4-5 
2Qr U: Matoae 13-28 4-7 32. Ostartog 3-4 5-7 
11. Rotouads— Seattle 50 CSchrenipf 7), Utah 
SI (Motane in. Antats-Seoitlc 14 
(HawKtas 4L Utah 22 (Stoddan 12). 
Newtek 2* 28 25 30 7 17-127 

LA. Latex II 21 M m 7 11-121 

KY^Evring 12-25 10-1234. Houston 9-196- 
7293 LA. Lriaanc QmtpbcB 12-21 15-19 40, 
Jones 5-1B 10-11 22 . KteoodX— flew Ybrt 76 
(Ewing 253. Los Angeles 58 Knight 13). 
Assists— Hew York 34 (OAta 131. Los 
Angelas 29 (Mm Bol M3. 

DMT 21 If 33 19-IB 

MM 21 » 19 27-95 

D: LSBs 11-243-329, 5fflh H4 0-3 IfcM: 
Austin 6-11 33 14 Lenofti 5-10 64 U 
Hoittowoy 5-20 3-3 H lUh o o te D a n ver54 
llohaon 143, Miami 52 (Brown IV. 
Assists— Oem«r 19 (GakhMtro 10), Mtanri 20 
(Hardaway 69. 

Oltands 21 14 29 25-99 

tadtaao 25 M 15 26-99 

ttGumt 7-9 56 19,5098 61 2 1-1 17, Andeison 
7-13 MIX Karoaway6-M2-2 17>I:MBta9- 
23 44 26 SmBs 6-11 33 14. 

Mounds— CMancto 47 (Sctalyf). tadtana52 
(AXNwta IS. Assists— O. 24 IGnmt 71, 
tadtana 20 (Jadaan 71. 

20 25 17 26-80 

21 31 23 It— 06 
D: Bntay9-20(M2a Bradteya-17*21fcP: 

Cebdltos 10-20 1-3 22. Person 5-13 3-3 15. 
Rebeuafe— Dallas 55 (Bradley IQ. Phoenta 
42 (CabaBoo 14). Antais-Ooflai 21 
(SMddnd 7), Phoenta 27 (Johnson 111. 

Tor 25 COLUtOB ItaSULTB 


Kansas Stato7B-5B. 2. IMuesela 04-2) beat 
OMoStata 6048 beat Ho. 23 naota 67-46. X 
Keatvcky OMJ heal Alabama 75-61; beat 
VkmdMbB 82-79. 6. WM Forest OMIlostlO 
Ka.l2NorihCaio8na74-dfcberiVlrgMa66 
60. AUMi (263) beri Trim 5664. 

6 Dube (22-6) beat Na B Oenmn 84-77) 
tastta No. 17 UCLA 73-69.7. lews 5trie08« 
last to Toes 57-56- tost la Nebraska 74 49, 
OT. L aemsan (20-7) last to Na 6 Duk» 84- 
77) loir to Florfda State 67-65. a Seatt Cm- 
atom CZ1-6) beat Arkansas 78-65; beat atodel 
85-55; beriTtaBessae69-5B.lt. Near Merica 
(21-5) lost to Tesns-El Paso 71-42; beat 
Hawnl 89-69. 

11. OrianaH (22-5) beat Houston 97-64 ; 
teat SerthBorido 71659 bed DePad B366 
12. North Curette (19-6) beat Na 4 Wtafce 
Forest 7449 beat Na.14 Maryland 9341. IX 
Artro*oCl7-7) lostto Oregon 78-7* boat Ore- 
gon Stale 7444. 14. Maytoad (20-7) boat 
Georgia Tedi 7669 tost to No. 12 North Car- 
oHna 93-81. is. Lod n i t (21 -ti beat South 
Flortda 7546- tasl to Maoqaelie 79-71, OT; 
beat Southern Mississippi 75-72, OT. 

M.XMor,ObloaB-4)boatDuquasM82- 
7< beat La 5oBe 7947. 17. UCLA 07-7) beat 
5arihero OdMenta 8340; bad Na 4 Duka 
7349. ILMicMgu 07-9) lost to Iowa 80-75; 
tasttoPontoe47-5B.iy-V ltee va 00-7) beat 
SL JotuVB 65-54: beat CanaoCBcut 45-58. 2a 
Stanford (16-71 beat Wasttiglon Stale 7643; 
lost to Washington 7941. 

2L Cotande 09-7} beat Kaaas SWe £7- 
57; beat Mtanuri B47& 22. Caltaao of 
Chartestoa . (232) beat S oM he a s t eni . 
Louisiana S1-6& beot Centenary 94-7X 23. 
DM C1M) tast to Na.2 Mtanontn 6346. 
26 IiBom OWO tad to Purdue 8987, 017 
beat Northwestern 6649. 25. Caflfonda (19- 
7) beat Washington 7B-471 lostto Wash togton 
State 8987. 

The AP Top 25 


opil 


IZCtamsoa 

20-7 

973 

8 

lllawQSt. 

186 

877 

7 

14. Xavier, OHo 

20-4 

8S3 

16 

15. Arizona 

17-7 

716 

13 

16 Maryland 

20-7 

698 

14 

17. LouisvSie 

Z1-6 

626 

IS 

l&vmanora 

20-7 

564 

19 

If.Criondo 

19-7 

499 

21 

28CriLorCharteslan 

25-2 

386 

22 

21. Bteds 

188 

247 

23 

22. Indiana 

21-8 

181 

24 

23. SL Joseph's 

19-6 

142 

— 

24-MIdVgan 

27-9 

131 

18 

25. Started 

16-7 

108 

20 


Others recaMng votes: Georgia 87, CnStamla 
76 Iowa 74Tulso 62, Princeton 49, Whcoastn 
48, Tuns Tech 35 Pmduo 3a NX. Charialto 
2&ProvMem27,Tmas22, New Orieans 16 
J6asso0MM*ta 16 HnwoB 15, Marquette 1Z 
PadBc 11. Temple 9. MtasttUppI 5, Tulanoi 
IHnota SL 4 Soulta Aktoamo 6 Fresno SL Z 
Oklahoma ZSouthemCalZ Bowing Green 1, 
Lang bland U. 1, Oral Roberto 1, Oregon L 
SW Missouri SLIiVbnderbBTl. 


HOCKEY 


NflLSnumiias 


ATLANTIC DIVISION 


ML total potato b—od on 25 po ta to toreBroo- 
pbev veto through one point tor m 26tb- 
ptan vata, and kwt omoIAi renktap 

Recent Pts Pvs 



ar-T) beot Missouri 7947) boat 


L Kansas (£8) 

27-1 

1.748 

1 

Z Minnesota CD 

24i2 

14» 

2 

1 Kentucky 

263 

L629 

3 

AUtrii 

283 

W99 

5 

5. VUn Forest 

21-4 

1^38 

4 

ASouHiCarotam 

214 

1J74 

9 

7. Dane 

22-6 

1J34 

6 

L North CmxVtaa 

194 

1J34 

12 

9. OncfnnaH 

22-5 

laos 

11 

18 UCLA 

17-7 

996 

17 

11. Now Masks 

21-4 

982 

ID 



W L 

T 

Pis 

CP 

GA 

PMtadefrhto 

35 17 

9 

79 

198 

152 

Now Jersey 

29 18 12 

70 

156 

139 

Ftorkta 

28 19 14 

70 130 

143 

N.Y. Rangers 

28 26 

9 

a 

204 

176 

Tampa Bay 

23 29 

7 

53 

165 

183 

Wasbingtan 

23 X 

6 

52 151 

168 

N.Y. tstanden 

20 X TO 

50 

162 

177 

NORTHEAST DIVISION 




W L 

T 

Pts 

6F 

GA 

Buffalo 

32 19 10 

74 

180 

151 

Pittsburgh 

31 24 

5 

67 

216 

195 

1 I.— Ifiml 
nuiHJia 

24 28 

8 

56 

172 

190 

Montreal 

22 29 11 

55 191 

220 

Ottawa 

20 27 13 

53 

168 

175 

Boston 

20 33 

7 

47 

170 

214 

CENTRAL onram 

1 



W L 

T 

PIS 

8F 

GiA 

Dados 

36 22 

4 

76 189 

153 

Detroit 

28 19 12 

68 186 

140 

SLLaah 

28 27 

8 

64 

188 

193 

Phoenta 

27 29 

4 

58 

171 

184 

Oifcago 

25 28 

8 

58 

164 

160 

Toronto 

23 36 

2 

48 

180 

Z16 

PAORCDMSIOM 




W L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Criorado 

38 14 

8 

84 206 

Ml 

Edmonton 

29 27 

6 

64 

193 

184 

Crigwr 

25 30 

7 

57 

167 

181 

Vancouver 

27 31 

2 

56 

193 

207 

Anahakn 

25 30 

6 

56 

176 

184 


Los Angela 21 33 B 50 163 206 

San Jose 21 33 6 48 155 202 

mill iBiiaii 

PMsbonP o l o—i 

K.Y.btatai 2 1 T— 4 

1st Pwrtata New Yotk, PBon i Cionssorv 
BertuzzOZ New Yore, Mdnnta l7(Arelefsson, 
Ratify) (ppl. 2nd Pwrtwt N.Y, Andenson 8 
(Jonssan PcdRyl 4 Klahnson B (Lemieux, 
Otaussoa) (ppL 3rd Pcrtotfc PLY, Green 16 
(Borard Ptfiyi Qp). Shots on goifc P- 611- 
12—28. N.Y. 14-14-9—27. GoaOec P-LntanC- 
ILYwSata. 

Son Jose 2 1 8-3 

Tampa Bay 8 3 1—4 

Fbst Period: 5-L-Nok*) 24 (Kaelov, 

Friesen) Z SJ.-Toncn 4 (GuaBa NWtoOs) 

Second Period SJ.-Notan 25 (Kartnrl 4 
Tampa Bay, Wtamer6 (Shaw, Langkaw) &T- 
Hamrflc ID (Bum derate*) 6 T-Wtomer 7 
(CaOen, Cloaire*) TWid PeriteT-Myhres 2 
(Zomimer, Langkaw) Shota an gm± SJ.- 11- 
69-26 T- 7-17-9— 3X Cades; S-L-Hrodey. 
T-TabaraocL SdnML 

BtaMBte 8 18—1 

DaBas 8 2 4-6 

PM Period: None. Second Period: D- 
MBViwndyk 23 (Sydon Hogue) Z E- 
dartaowskr 19 (MaichonQ X O-Zutm 10 
(Modanri) ThM Peried; D-Modono 26 
(Honrey, LwMg)& D-COdirtanO{Modan& 
Haney) 6 D-Zutav 11 (Modano) 7, D- 
Ntoowentfyk 24 (LfldyareO Shots ou goat E- 
4-10-5—19. D- 8-12-8—28. GeeB en E- 
Joswh. CMAoog. _ _ _ ... _ 

Boston 18 8-1 

BafMa 2 1 2—5 

rest Period: BufMoGrosek 13 (Bantoby. 
Galey) Z Boston-Moger7 (Donato StumpeO 
X BuBeto-Wanl 9 (Audeffa HnUnger) 
Second Period: BuRalo-Hoblnger 19 (Want 
Aadrita) TMnl Period; BuHato-Bamdiy 16 
(Ptoate ZhBnBO & BufMaCmtek 14 
(Bamaby, Plante) Shota ae goto: B- 8-5- 
9-22. B- 7-5-11—23. Gwdles: B-Ranfcrt, 
ToUas. B-Hasek. 

Odgmy 113-6 

SL Louis 2 10-8 

1st Ptotata SJ_-Camptael 33 (BetgevtD-X St 
Louta,Hu834(CourtnoB3GGagnorZl (Sa- 
moa Radnu) 2nd Period: LL-H41 35 
CTUgoon, KnwChaU & C-Boudurd 3 (Beurib 
WtanO 3d Ported: C-Retahe(14 OBw, Mitel) 
(pp). 7, C-Odasscn 5 (Stem TBav) & C-lglnta 
19 (Ateta) Cent Shota oa goat C- 10-16 
12-38. SJ_- 84-10-22. GooBSSC CteOSon. 
SJ-rCasey. 

N.Y. Rtogere 1 0 8-1 

PMadetabta 1 1 8-2 

1st Period: New Yack, Graves 23 
(Kspavtsee, Ncmad no v) (po).2> P-Fote»7 
(Dedonks. Svotaodo) tel Period P- 
NMmoa 3 CLtOoW M Poriodb None. 5koH 
oa goab N.Y. 5-44-15. P- 16164-37. 


Goatee N.Y, RkMer. P-Snow. 

1 1 8-3 
8 2 3-5 
FM Parted: V-Hedtnw 3 (Moglny, 
Nartundl Second Period: A-Kwri 10 
(Dalgneautt, Kartyal (pp). X A-Kortya 29 
Ketofme, Ruccbki) 6 V-RteQey 19 (MogDny, 
Noshmd) ThM Period: ArSotanm 36 
(RutChW (pp).6 A-Tadd 9 (KutL Drury) 7, 
A-ICartyo30(5etonne) (on). Shots ee goot V- 
10-1811—39. A- 7-12-16—35. Gariks: V- 
McLoan. A-Hebeit. 

Ottawa 1 0 2-3 

Cotarode 8 l 

rest Period: O-Van Ate 7 (Laukkanen, 
York) Stated Period: CrLocrata 17 (RecxN, 
Deodmarsh) (pp). TbH Period: 0-ChaBke 

10 (Musfll 4, O-, ZhoBo* 9 CAMwbm 
Duchesne) (pp). & C-Lcadeut 6 (Forsberg. 
Kamensky) 6 C-Ydung 1 7 (Saldc, Guuicw) 7, 
C-Qzetaish 20 (Foreberg) Sboto oa goofc O- 6 

1 1 -6-23. C- 7-14-1 3-34. Gaalos: O- Rhodes. 
TugnutL C-Roy. 


Alfred Dumhil 
Sooth Arwicaiy PGA 

Final saves Sunday of the ABred Dunhfl 
South African PGA grit tou rn ament on the 
7 I 035-ymd. par-72 Houipdan God aub In 
jataarmariNiig ta-unn on fltst playoff hale): 
x-N, Prica Zimbabwe 674670-66-269 
D. Frost SAfrira 
N.v Ronsbutg, 3-AMca 
R-Goosen,5AMco 


M Gartoaa, SJWricn 
G. Peterson, US. 
W.Westnor.&AHcn 

M. Anglert, Sweden 
M-Gaggin, Australia 
K-TomorL Japan 

N. Fastlv Sweden 


69434671—269 
68484648-270 
6546-70-71 — 272 
704747-70-273 
71494 5 69 373 
68467149-273 
684749-70-274 
694949-67—274 
674747-73-274 
66494871-274 


anoupi 

fn Aim Ghana 4 prink. Zlmbobwe 4, 
Angola 0. 

anoupi 

Benin 1, Algeria! 

MaB 1, hroty Caost2 

sitontam Mad 6 points. Ivny Coasl 6 
Algeria A Benin 1. 

anaups: 

1 Senegal 5 points. Egypt l Mo- 
rocco 2, Ethiopia 1. 

GROUP 4 

Guinea 1, Siena Leone 0 
to 11 Snn Guinea 3 points. Tunisia X 
Siena Leone 0. 

GROUP FIVE 

Kenyan. Cameroon 0 
ton aim. Cameroon 4 points. Kenya 4, 
Ntxnlbla A Gabon 2. 

GROUPS 

Tanzaria 1, Uberia 1 
Togo 1, Zaire 1 

Tt—ffageiTnpTpntati TutT^ llhrrtn 
2 , Tarannla 1. 

GROUP? 

Malawi 2, Mozambique 0 
towringii Zambia 7 points, Malawi 6 
Mozambique X Mauritius 1. 

(The tap two teams In each group qually tor 
the finals In Binklna Faso next Fehniary. 
Holders South Africa aid the hosts have al- 
reody qualified-) 


Paran2>LaztoD 

W piiiO mii Juventus 41, Sarapdorio 36, 
lider 34. Patna 34, Botogna 32. Vkwao 31, 
Rama31,JUakBda3T,Nq»0 29, F to renMno 
28, Mian 28, Lazio 27, Udmu27, Piacenza 
24. Peiugta 22. Cogtetlf, Verona 17, Reg- 
gtanalS. 


Arsenal a WbnWeOon 1 
to.uriimi Manchester United 54 polnH, 
Liverpool 53. Newcarite 48, Aisenri 46 AMh 
Villa 43, Wbnbladon 42. Chelsea 42. Sheffield 
Wednesday 39, Leeds 33. Everton 32. TM- 
teahare 32. Leicester 30, Dairy 29, Sunder- 
kmd 29, Blackburn 2& Covertly 28. Nriltng- 
haro Forest 24 West Ham 22, Southampton 
2aMlddlesbrouBhi9. 

«BB8BAH s a B IB I M 
Bayer Uwertanen 1, MSV Dutabug 0 
VfL Bochum 1, Bayem Munich 1, 

Bor. Moeadiengkidbodi a Senate 06 ft 
1860 Munich Z FC Cologne 1 
VIB Stuttgart 1 , Korisroher SC 0 
rn—dieem Bayern Municb 40 prints, 
Borussta Dortmund 37, BayerLnerkusettZZ, 
VfB Stuttgart 34. Karisnitaar SC 29. Ff 
Cologne 29, Vfl. Bochum 29, Sdirike 04 29, 
Wettlcr Bremen 2& I860 Munich 24 Ham- 
burg SV 23. MSV Dutabug 3X Anrtnta BMe- 
feld 22, Ftatuna Duesoridorf 21, 
Moendiengiariiach 19, PC SL Paud 18 
HonmRpstoc fclfi.SC F reiburg 13. J 

MONDAY, m KUALA LUHPUR ) 

Zimbabwe Z Basria 2 ■ 

lodmeslo 1, VWrom 0 1 


TENNIS 


WMUMK 

SUNDAY, IN OKLAHOMA CITV. UJL , 

' - FINAL 

Ltadsay Daveapoct United States (1), del 
Lisa Raymond United States C4L 6-4 62. ' 


TucsonClas«c 


Rnri iconw c4 the SO reWon TUcun 
Ctaeri c an the 7.148 y« U. par-72 Omni 
Ttanon Natlonri OodRoMri A Spa oome ri 
TUcaoo, Altoona: 


JeffSlamon 
Steva Janes 
Brad Bryant 
Paul StonktoMSM 
Tom Kite 
DanPoriey 
JefTMoggert 
LeeJanzen 
Clarence Rdm 
A ndrew Magee 
Jerry Kefly 
MUkeReM 


75484547-275 

666872-78-276 

684947-73-277 

724549-71—277 

69- 70-7148-278 
67-73-7048—278 

66- 72-70-70-278 
78714649—278 

67- 724871-278 

70- 7247-70—279 
724049-70 — 279 
704949-71—279 


Deportho Corona X Reri Bads 0 
Sevtlta l, Logrone»4 
SparttagGJon Z Tenertta 1 
Barcelona 4 Zaragaea 1 
VriladriW Z Reri Sodedad 0 
Athletic BUbaoZ Ruing Santander 2 
Extremadura z Espanyri 0 
Reri Madrid 6 Ovfedol 
Crito Vigo z Raya Valtecono 0 
Waniftn^i Red Madrid 59 print* 
Boredom 5Z Reri Beds 47, Departhro 
Coruna 47, AHeNoo Madrid 46 Rad SoOdlod 
44 AiMafic BOboo 48 VOflodoBd 48 Radng 
SarAmder 38 Tenerife 36 Vriendo3ZCelta 
Vigo 31 Oviedo 29. Sporting Gqon 29. Com- 
postela 28 Raya VaBocono 27. Espanyri 26 
Zaragoza 2& Logranes 25. Estremodura 2X 
SevBa 21, Hercules 19. 


sundav; HMeurees. temnebsolils.' 

mAL ' 

Michael Chang <11, United Sides, det 
Todd Woodbririge(B),AustTa0a63.6-4 . 

RNAL DOUBLES 

EHta Ferreira ML South Africa, and Patrk* 
Gribrallta Uritod States, det Rick Leach (7i 
United States, and Joarihan Starts UnBed 
States, 6-8 3-6 6-1. 

u mmg ttoildnB s taautd byte ATP Tbiir 
on Monday to Monaco: 

1. Pete Sampras ftJ-SJ &491 pabds. Z 
Thomas AAusier (Austria) 1709, Z Mlchoel 
Chang (U5J 3495, 4 Yevgeny Karetaftdv 
(Russia) Z367. 5. Goran Ivanisevic (Croatap 

1285. 6 Mnrceta Rtos (Qte) Z418 7. 
Menard Krapa* (Nethertamta) Z365, 8 
Thomas Enqvtat (Sweden) Z2A4 9. Vtayne 
Ferrelro (Sauta AWai) Z2DZ 18 Cartas Mayo 
(SpaMZ171.il. Albert Casta (Spain) 1,871, 
1Z Boris Becker (Germany) 1,863. 13. Andre 
Agassi GJ^J US7, 14 Tkn Henman 
(Britain) U5Z 15 Todd MOfflfi (U-SJ 1^23. 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 





HI 4 CHARi£5..REMEW0ER 
WEKPAf UmEN I WENT 
TO YOUR HOUSe? 


C53JLD CSRTWfW . 
BE TWINS VtfBSSLTHWWS/. 


ANDDOB®WW*ej' 


HIWEL 

L_ 

l tjx 

ID 

EXXEO 

L, 

LL 

rn 



L-n 

fazed 

tn 

HOYBIS 

L 

TTT 

m 



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PACES 


INTERNATIONAL ma^TMBCWE, 




PAGE 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1997 


ART BUCHWALD 


The Airline Fiasco 


The Double Legacy of Marian Anderson 



W ASHINGTON — By 
now you've all read 


TV now you've all read 
about AirFree Airlines and 
the strike that wasn't because 
President Clinton insisted on 


a cooling-off period for 
everyone involved in the dis- 


pute. 

But I’U bet you didn't 
know that it cost AirFree a 
bundle. 

Here ’5 what 
happened to 
Joe Robert, the 
head of the air- 
line. 

Joe, who is 
known as “Big 
Bird" in die in- 
dustry, fell that 
iht onployees Buchwald 
were making far too many 
demands, and he decided to 
hang tough, even if h cost 
AirFree $50 million a day. 


Cuba. It was at this point that 
the president stepped in be- 
cause if AirFree didn't fly 
none of his defense lawyers 
could get to Washington, 

The prez signed a piece of 
paper postponing a strike for 
60 days and ordering every- 
one back to work. 

This made the employees 
furious. They had hoped to 
have their demands met by 
shutting down the airports at 
Dallas. Los Angeles and Nan- 
tucket. 


By David Mermelstein 


artist whose haunting . 


N EW YORK — There was a 
time when mentioning Marian 


Big Bird was ecstatic be- 
cause he could still keep Air- 
Free planes in the sky. But 
there was a problem. 


Although the planes and 
pilots were available, there 


The employees also hung 
ugh and vexed to strike tf 


tough and voted to strike if 
Big Bird didn’t come up with 
a contract to their liking. 


That was the simple part. 

The complication came 
when everyone predicted that 
there would be a shutdown of 
AirFree. 

The public panicked, par- 
ticularly when Big Bird an- 
nounced that the employees 
were just a bunch of ungrate- 
ful featherbedders who knew 
nothing about the people- 
moving business. 

Customers started can- 
celing their reservations from 
Nepal to Hawaii. 


were no passengers and the 
terminal counters wens deser- 
ted. 

In order to entice his cus- 
tomers back Big Bird had no 
choice but to cut his fares by 
50 percent. 

It wasn't enough, so he 
offered 75 percent discounts, 
and finally he announced that 
anybody who wanted to go 
AirFree could fly without 
charge. 


The employees became 
embittered and claimed dial 
the only flying Big Bird had 
done was in a golden para- 
chute. 

By this time there was no 
way to avoid a strike, so pas- 
sengers wrote off AirFree, in- 
cluding four hijackers who had 
intended to take a plane to 


In an effort to attract cus- 
tomers the airline had played 
havoc with its sales figures. 

While the strike would 
have cost AirFree $50 milli on 
a day. it was now costing the 
company $100 million a day 
to stay in business. 

Big Bird was forced to go 
to the unions and ask them to 
strike so that he could save the 
company half of the $100 mil- 
lion it was costing him to keep 
his planes flying. 

As far as the union was 
concerned it was a tough call 
because the longer they kept 
flying the sooner Big Bird 
would cry “uncle.'’ 


IN time when mentioning Marian 
Anderson evoked a host of images: 
the Lincoln Memorial, color bar- 
riers, civil rights, a slender, grace- 
ful presence on stage- Most of all, 
though, the name conjured up a 
dark, soulful, immensely musical 
voice. 

It is bard to say what thoughts 
Marian Andersen, arguably the 
greatest contralto of the century, 
brings to mind today. Those who 
know who she was and what she 
accomplished surely think only 
positively of her. But she retired 
from the stage 30 years ago and 
died in 1993, at 96. 

Though older generations re- 
main cognizant of her triumphs, her 
importance may be less apparent to 
younger people. In an age m which 
the collective memory is rapidly 
diffusing, absence from the public 
eye can have devastating effects on 
me perception of a person’s im- 
portance. 

On Thursday, Carnegie Hall will 
help redress the balance by present- 
ing an evening in tribute to An- 
derson. Ostensibly, it acknow- 
ledges the centenary of her birth, 
which occurred on Feb. 17. 

But this celebration is about 
more than noting a milestone; it is 
about honoring that rarest of 
creatures: a great artist who was 
also an outstanding human being. 


Fa- many, Anderson’s spirit 
lives on despite her death. The 


a concert conducted by Robert 
Shaw and reminiscences by tire 
likes of Roberta Peters. William 
Warfield and Isaac Stem, gives 
music lovers an opportunity to con- 
sider the importance of this be- 
loved singer. Through April 6, 
Carnegie Hall’s Rose Museum is 
presenting a parallel tribute, an ex- 
hibit of Anderson memorabilia, 
which includes personal papers, 
photographs and artifacts. 

In a sense, there were two Mari- 
an Andersens. The first was the 


Arturo Toscanini to proclaim, "A 
voice like yours is heard once in 
100 years." The other was the 
model citizen who quiedy but ef- 
fectively helped the nation con- 
front its own racism. 

Bom in Philadelphia in 1897, 
Anderson fell in love with music at 
her family’s Baptist church. She 
had no formal music lessons until 
she was 15, but her church , gen- 
erously established a fund for her 
education. In 1925, she won a con- 
test that afforded her an appearance 
with the New Ymk Philhar monic, ar 
Lewisohn Stadium. That event se- 
cured her a management contract, 
but bookings were scarce, and suc- 
cess in the United States eluded 
her. Reluctantly, she embarked for 
Europe, where her gifts were im- 
mediately embraced. 

- She gave her first European con- 
cert in Berlin, in 1930. She then 
toured Scandinavia, where she met 
and impressed the composer Jean 
Sibelius. In 1935, she appeared at 
the Salzburg Festival and en- 
countered Toscanini. 

She retained to the United Stans 
that year, firmly established as a 
world-class artist. When Sol Hurok 
presented her at Town Hall, she 
woo raves. Howard Taubman, in 
The New York Times, called her 
“one of the great singers of our 
time.” A year later, she became the 
first black singer to perform at the 
White House; and in 1938, she gave 
70 recitals in America, then a re- 
cord for a singer. 

But it was an event the next year 
that catapulted Anderson into the 
history books. She hoped to perform 
at Constitution Hall in Washington, 
but the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, who owned the hall, 
barred her because of her race. A 
furor ensued, during which Eleanor 
Roosevelt, wife of the president 
resigned from the organization. 

Hoping to defuse the situation, 
die secretary of the Interior, Harold 
Ickes, offered Anderson use of the 
Lincoln Memorial for her conceit. 
She accepted, and 75,000 people. 



. Some have likened an Anderson 

* performance to a religious expe- 
dience. Hyperbole aside, the com- 
parison makes more than a little 
'sense, for there was an ineffable 

• quality to hear artistry. Although she 

was .unmistakably a contralto, ter 
voice on record possesses a dis- 
arming, hypnotizing ring dial, 
coupled with her fast vibrato and 
high top, makes her singing ar- 
resting and unique. a 

Her repertory was surprisingly 
broad for a concert singer In ad- 
dition to asserted opera arias and 
songs, Anderson delighted in the 
music of Badi and Handel, Scan- 
dinavian folk songs and what were 
once called Negro spirituals. 

' In these spiritual, products of 
..bondage, Andmon was. and re- 
mains, unrivaled. In much the way 
that Artur Schnabel brought 
Schubert’ s piano sonatas to a wider 




, Kiih>v 


public, so, too, Anderson elevated 
the songs of slaves to high arL She 
sang them at the end of her recitals, 
often as encores. 

Some believe that her program- 
ming of these works signaled a 
subtle protest against racial in- 
justice. In any case, the innovation 
has endured; many American sing- 
ers now indude spirituals as part of 
thwr programs. 

Reluctant as she may have been 
to pave the way, she demolished 
barriers, and innumerable black 
singers have followed in ter wake. 
Would we now know the sopranos 
Leontyne Price, Jessye Norman 
ami Kathleen Battle, and a host of 
other talents, were it not for An- 
derson's achievements? 

“She inspired me from the first 
moment I heard her voice, and tins 
inspiration continues and grows,'' 
said Norman, who will perform in 
the Carnegie Hall tribute. “Miss 
Anderson soared above the thicket 
of racism and repression with a 
smBe in her soul and joy of life in ter 
every song. This is inspiration in- 


Marian Anderson (here in 1969) will be honored in New York. 


including members of the Supreme 
Court and the Congress, showed up 
on Easter Sunday to demonstrate 

Tb^conductor James Deftcist, 
Anderson’s nephew, is proud of her 
achievement on that occasion and 
later, but he feels that her role as a 
quiet civil-rights crusader has ten- 
ded to overwhelm her importance as 
a singer. 

“1 think that in many ways Aont 
Marian’s artistic legacy, ter mu- 
sical legacy, was obscured by the 
symbolism surrounding that Easier. 


Sunday concert,” he said from bis 
home in Portland, Oregon. “Her 
celebrity in the struggle for. Af- 
rican-American equal rights has 
taken center stage far too often for 
my personal taste. It has not en- 
abled people to focus on the musio- 
making as much as they should." 

Anderson's social legacy is 
evident in the gradual erosion of 
discriminatory laws and customs in 
the United States. Her musical leg- 


, .-.•i.-al 


acy rests not only in the memories 
of those who heard her sing bat also 
in numerous recordings. - 


David Mermelstein, who lives in 
Los Angeles and writes about the arts, 
wrote this for The New York Times. 






PEOPLE 


v-r •»’- : -- . r.w k 


T HE Golden Bear, the top prize at the 
Berlin film festival, was awarded 
Monday to Milos Forman’s ’The 
People vs. Larry Flynt,” and Forman 
used the occasion to announce that he 
was withdrawing the controversial poster 
for the film. The poster, which some 
groups in France had complained in- 
sulted religion, shows the actor Woody 
Harreisoa wearing a U.S. flag as a loin- 
cloth, with aims outspread in front of a 
wo man ’s thighs. The Berlin award for 
best actress went to Juliette Binoche far 
her role in “The English Patient,” and 
the best actor prize went to Leonardo 
DiCaprio for “Shakespeare's Romeo 
and Juliet” A special jury prize went to 
the Taiwanese director Tsai Mmg-liang 
for the film “He Liu” (The River). 


month. Frances McDormand won best 
actress for her performance in “Fargo.” 


Cuba Gooding Jr. received a support- 
ing actor award fra- his role in “Jerry 


Maguire,’ ‘and Lauren Bacall won best 
supporting actress for her performance 
in “The Mirror Has Two Faces”; Bac- 
all also won the Golden Globe. 


rehabilitation rrinr months after overdos- 
ing on heroin and cocaine.' He began 
treatment at a center in Marina del Rey, 
California, after being arrested in May. 
Drag charges were to be dropped if ue 
completed foe program. 


last episode was autographed by cast 
members of the TV comedy show set in 
a Boston bar. 


The Screen Actors Guild named 
Geoffrey Rush as best motion picture 
actor in its annual awards. Last month. 
Rush won a Golden Globe for bis role in 

“Shine,” foe story of the troubled Aus- 

„ _ „ HBMcna trail an oianist David Helfeott. Both 

PASTA ON PARADE? — Prince Albert of Monaco spreading confetti awards presentations are considered 
among the crowd during Nice’s traditional parade for Carnival, harbingers of the Academy Awards next 


An 85-year-old survivor of the 1912 
sinking of the Titanic is planning her 
first cruise across the Atlantic since the 
disaster when she was just a babe in 
arms. MIDvina Dean, one of only seven 
still living from among the 705 people 
who survived the sinking, plans to cross 
tte Atlantic aboard the Queen Elizabeth 
U later this year. Dean was only a few 
weeks old when she set off with her 
parents for a new life in America aboard 
the Titanic, which was headed from 
Southampton, England, fra New York 
via Belfast on its maiden voyage. Her 
father died in the sinking. 


Mkk Jagger has hired Madonna to 
stao- m a movie based on die life of Tina 
Modotfi. Modotti, an ltalian-bam act- 
ress, immigrated to die United States in 
1913 and became a photographer after a 
brief stint in Hollywood. She was also 
known for revolutionary activism in 
Mexico ted Europe. 


- King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden 
donned his woolen hat and skis Monday 
to take part in tile Vasaloppet, the 85- 
kfloroetor(53-rnile) ski race in central 
Sweden commemorating King Gustav 
Vasa’s escape from the Danes in 1521. 
This is the third rime the king, 50, has 
participated in the race. 


David Gahan, lead singer of Depecbe 
Mode, has completed court-ordered drug 


The stray of the stolen “Cheers” 
scriptbasahappy ending. TheTV script 
was stolen from a chanty ball on Feb. 
15, and then mysteriously turned up in a 
manila envelope on the steps of St 
Joseph's Church in Boston. “AIT you 
can say is that somebody had a change 
of heart in the matter." the Reverend 
Robert Fountain said. The apparent 
thief had called to make sure the script 
was received. The script of the series’ 


* The Indian ainhra Sbobha Dte doesn't 
mince words. Of the Indian male, she 
says, “He is self-absorbed, narcissistic, 
feudal, hopelessly spoiled and com- 
pletely infantile in his responses.” But 
die said, while her latest book, “Sur- 
viving Men: The Smart Woman's Guide 
to Staying on Top," may be aimed at the 
Indian man, “On a scale of one to 10, 1 
give Indian men six, whereas European 
or American men would get three or four 
because they have such completely in- 
flated and overrated Dotions about them- 
selves.” 




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