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Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTO 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Friday, January 2, 1998 


New Year’s Eve Killing Raises Ulster Tensions 



By Warren Hoge 

Afar York Times Sen-ice 


LONDON — Tension over the future of the fragile 
peace talks in Northern Ireland rose Thursday after a 
Roman Catholic man was shot and killed and five 
others were wounded by masked Protestant para- 
militaries in a pub during New Year's Eve fest- 
ivities. 

It was the third sectarian killing in the troubled 
province in a week and prompted expressions of fear 
along with the customary calls for calm. "If we 
cannot find an alternative to attempting to solve every 
problem with guns or bombs, then nothing but grief 


beckons as we herald in a New Year.” said George 
Livingstone, a police official. 

Hie Clifton Tavern in the Catholic Cliftonvilie 
Road area of North Belfast was packed with partying 
customers when the two intruders, one carrying a 
handgun and the other a submachine gun, kicked 
open the door shortly after 9 P.M. and began Bring at 
random. They then sped away in a waiting car with a 
woman in the back yelling in triumph, according to 
onlookers. 

The six wounded men were taken to Royal Victoria 
Hospital where Eddie Train or, 31, was pronoanced 
dead and the five others were admitted in conditions 
ranging from "comfortable" to "ill but stable.” 


On Thursday night, the Loyalist Volunteer Force, 
a breakaway group opposed to the peace talks, 
claimed responsibility for the murder and threatened 
more bloodshed. 

Its statement read: "An active service unit of the 
Loyalist Volunteer Force (West Belfast Brigade) 
carried out (he New Year's Eve attack in retaliation 
for tbs death of a true loyalist, Billy Wright This is 
not the end." 

Mr. Wright 37, the group's founder and leader, 
was killed m the Maze prison outside Belfast last 
Saturday. He was brought down by five shots in the 

See ULSTER, Page 10 


B udget Feud 



Netanyahu May Delay Vote 
As Levy Again Vows to Quit 


By James Rupert 

' Washington Post Service 


Self-Help Glitters in Thailand 

Government to Ask for Donations of Gold Jewelry 


By Thomas Crampton 

International Herald Tribune 


BANGKOK — Faced with the cold reality that 
foreign investors will not return anytime soon, the 
Thai government will ask Thais next week to 
hand in their gold jewelry to help bail out their 
nation, according to the country’s Finance min- 
ister. 

The official, Tarrin Nimmanabaenunda, said 
that he had devised the plan to allow (he country to 
help itself out of economic crisis. 

Mr. Tarrin said in an interview that he would 
announce the move next week, and that the aimed 
forces would fan out across the country within 
two to three weeks to collect gold jewelry in 
exchange for interest-paying government bonds 
or treasury bills. 

He said the action would be the first part of an 
official policy of “Chuay Thai" — or "Thais 
help Thais. ” 

Since Thailand can no longer count on an 
export-led recovery, Mr. Tarrin said, the country 
must emphasize self-reliance. The gold contri- 
butions, he said, would be used to bolster the 
country’s dwindling foreign currency reserves. 

Thais, like many Asians, have traditionally 
held a large portion of their savings in gold in case 
of hard times. Purchases of gold have jumped in 
Thailand during the current economic crisis, of- 
ficials say. Mr. Tarrin did not estimate how much 
gold Tbajs now bold or say bow much the gov- 
ernment hoped to collect. 


In South Korea, a state-run television station 
has started a program under which people are 
donating gold to help their country repay a $60 
billion rescue package led by the International 
Monetary Fund The station reported last week 
that South Koreans were believed to bold about 
2,000 tons of gold, worth $20 billion. 

“We have lost our ability to trade our way out 
because of competitive devaluation in the re- 
gion," Mr. Tarrin said "and the possibility of a 
quick inflow of investment is gone because of the 
loss of confidence in the whole continent So I 
want to send out a very strong message: We will 
help ourselves first" 

There have been several individual initiatives to 
bolster the Thai economy, including the campaign 
of a monk who is raising fonds to help pay back the 
country’s $17.2 billion IMF-led bailout and a 
senator who urged people to curse speculators 
who benefited from the fall of the currency. 

"1 hope the international marketplace would 
believe in us and in what we are trying to do," he 
said outlining die government's strategy for eco- 
nomic reform. 

Hie first area of focus will be strengthening the 
finan cial system by ins tallin g better management 
and increasing the capital of commercial banks. 

"We are talking comprehensively. It is much 
more than just Bangkok Metropolitan Bank,' ’ Mr. 
Tarrin said, referring to a bank that purged its 
board of directors on New Year’s Eve. (Page 15). 

See GOLD, Page 10 



Quag Ang Uk/Ht Atociacd 

Workers at the headquarters of Samsung Corp. in 
Seoul offering jewelry to help repay the IMF loan. 


A Busy New Year for a Malaysian Debt Collector 


By Thomas Fuller 

International Herald Tribune 


PET AUNG JAYA, Malaysia — It's New Year's 
Eve, and Tony Chan is making the rounds. 

But no champagne corks pop when Mr. Chan 
comes knocking. In fact, people often call the police 
when they know he is on the way: others draw the 
curtains and pretend they are not home. 

Mr. Chan is a debt collector, and these days, with 
Malaysia's economy in a slump and bad debts piling 
up, his office is bu zzi ng with assignments. Painters are 
□or paying paint shops, supermarkets are not paying 
suppliers, and the construction industry is a tangle of 
bad debts between contractors and subcontractors. 


"Almost every day, people call and say *1 need 
this debt collected fast,' ” Mr. Chan says. "A lot of 
the cases we get these days are what we call des- 
peration business." 

More broadly, Mr. Chan's work is a barometer of 


cash infusions during what are traditionally their 
strongest few weeks of sales. 

"If you want to close down your business you wait 
until after Chinese New Year,” Mr. Chan says while 
driving to meet the first debtor of the day, a fruit and 
meat supplier. "After the festive season is the time 


South Korean loan sharia smell blood. Pare IS. "^.People more light with their money. " 

^ This year the holiday season will crescendo in late 


what is likely to happen over the next few months in 
Malaysia and across Southeast Asia. While he may 
be busy today, Mr. Chan says the number of debtors 
will probably multiply after Chinese New Year, 
which starts in late January. 

Many debt-laden businesses are hoping for heavy 


January with the rare convergence of two holidays: 
Chinese New Year and the festivities marking the 
end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan. After 
the parties, however, could come a big hangover. 
“For debt collection, now is the time to do it — 

See DEBTS, Page 4 


JERUSALEM — The Israeli foreign 
minister, David Levy, said Thursday 
that he would resign out of opposition to 
the government’s planned budget — a 
threat that underscored the fragility of 
the Israeli government and its ability to 
renew peace talks with the Palestinians 
in U.S.-brokered meetings scheduled 
for this month. 

Like other leaders in the eight-party 
coalition of Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu, Mr. Levy has threatened to 
resign before. And it r emaine d uncer- 
tain that he actually .would do so now. 

Mr. Netanyahu's coalition has been 
embroiled in a fight over the 1998 
budget for weeks. Mr. Netanyahu 
sought about $650 million in cats to 
control a budget deficit, but centrist and 
rightist parties essential to his majority 
in Parliament have demanded hundreds 
of millions of dollars for their pet proj- 
ects. 

Mr. Netanyahu agreed this week to 
many of their demands , promising new 
spending for Orthodox religious 
schools, Jewish settlements in the Is- 
raeli-occupied Arab lands and help for 
die millions of recent immigrants from 
Russia who are still being absorbed. 

But Mr. Levy joined other critics who 
have said that such spending will harm 
the government’s efforts to battle rising 
unemployment and to revive economic 
growth, which has slowed in the past 
two years after booming in die early 
1990s. 

Mr. Netanyahu and his finance min- 
ister, Yaakov Neeman, have said that 
the new promises of spending would 
require neither an increase in the budget 
deficit nor new taxes. But the- media 
quoted ocher treasury officials as saying 
that the budget as now proposed would 
drain die government’s reserves or re-, 
quire passage of a supplemental budget 
later in die year. 

“This budget does not gjve an answer 
to unemployment," Mr. Levy said at a 
news conference. "People will continue 
to suffer. I will vote against the budget, 
and that means a resignation from the 
government, period." 

Mr. Netanyahu’s coalition formally 
holds 66 of the 120 seats in the Knesset, 
and it has won two more votes from a 
party on the extreme right. 

Mr. Levy’s faction, named Gesber. or 
Bridge, holds five seats and thus would 
not automatically block the budget or 
topple the government by defecting. 
Still, a withdrawal by Gesher could eas- 
ily lead to a crippling of Mr. Netan- 
yahu’s government 

At a session of the Knesset on Thurs- 
day night, legislators said that Mr. Net- 
anyahu was quite likely to delay final 


Obesity Is Not the Killer 
Doctors Thought It Whs 

Study Finds Reduced Peril of Premature Death 


By Gina Kolaia 

iViw Kiri Times Sen-ice 


NEW YORK — The largest study 
ever conducted of the health risks of 
obesity has found that it increases the 
likelihood of premature death but not as 
much as many medical experts had sus- 
pected. 

■ The research, published Thursday in 
The New England Journal of Medicine, 
analyzed the fates of 324,135 white 
adults who were followed for 12 years. 
The study found that the excess risk of 
dying associated with being fat was 
relatively modest and declined as 
people grew older. By age 65. the in- 
creased risk was slight, and by age 74 it 
had disappeared. 

People who were moderately over- 
weight but not obese had no increased 
risk of premature death, the study 
found. 

Medical experts who discussed the 
results disagreed about how to advise 
their patients. Some, including the lead 
author of the study, said that any in- 
creased risk of premature death was 
reason enough to view obesity as a 
serious public health hazard. 

- Others said that the dangers of 
obesity had been exaggerated and that 


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people’s faith in the redemptive powers 
of weight loss may be misplaced. 

The two top editors of the journal 
wrote in an editorial that losing weight 
was “an ill-fated New Year’s resolu- 
tion." 

"The cure for obesity may be worse 
than the condition,” the editors. Dr. 
Marcia Angell and Dr. Jerome Kassirir, 
wrote, explaining that the cures tend to 
be dire and ultimately ineffective. 

Although there is a widespread belief 
that obesity places people at high risk of 
premature death and that when obese 
people lose weight they reduce their risk 
of dying young, previous studies were 
"limited, fragmentary and often am- 
biguous,” the two doctors wrote. And, 
they added, even though it is often said 
that obesity causes 300.000 deaths a 
year in the United Slates, "that figure is 
by no means well established." 

It was not clear why obesity should 
have smaller and smaller effects on 
death rates as people age. One hypoth- 
esis is that fat people who are sus- 
ceptible to the calamitous consequences 
of excess weight die early, so those who 
remain are comparatively resistant to 
the effects of being fat, said Dr. Charles 
Hennekens, the chief of preventive 
medicine at Brigham and Women's 
Hospital in Boston. 

The study did not look at the incidence 
of diseases associated with obesity, like 
diabetes, high blood pressure and high 
levels of blood cholesterol. 

The new study avoided many of the 
problems of earlier ones simply because 
it was huge, as large as all previous such 
studies combined. Dr. Hennekens said. 

The lead author of the study. Dr. June 
Stevens, an epidemiologist and nutri- 
tionist at the University of North Car- 
olina in Chapel Hill, said that she and 
her colleagues analyzed data collected 
by the American Cancer Society for a 
study of cancer prevention, reasoning 

See FAT, Page 10 



A Son of Robert Kennedy 
Is Killed in Siding Mishap 


By Tom Kenworthy 

Wash mg ran Post Sen-ice 


Michael Kennedy, 39, died when 
he hit a tree on a Colorado slope. 


GOLDEN, Colorado — Michael 
Kennedy, the 39-year-old son of Robert 
F. Kennedy, died in a New Year’s Eve 
skiing accident at the Colorado ski re- 
sort of Aspen. 

He was the second of Robert and 
Ethel Kennedy's 11 children to die tra- 
gically. His brother David died 13 years 
ago of a drug overdose, and other family 
members have been victims of what 
some have called a family curse. 

Mr. Kennedy, whose alleged affair 
with a family babysitter tarnished the 
family political legend and may have 
prevented his brother. Representative 
Joseph Kennedy 2d, from running for 
governor of Massachusetts this year, 
died after colliding with a tree on an 


intermediate slope, according to a state- 
ment released by Aspen Ski Co. 

“Ethel Kennedy and her family are 
mounting the loss of their beloved son 
Michael, who was fatally injured while 
skiing with his family in Aspen,” said a 
statement released by the resort, in the 
central Colorado Rockies about 160 
miles (260 kilometers) southwest of 
Denver. "He was a special and won- 
derful father, son, brother, cousin and 
friend, and his family would appreciate 
your prayers during this tragic time." 

Details of the accident remained 
sketchy. There were unconfirmed re- 

E orts that Mr. Kennedy and the people 
e was skiing with were tossing a foot- 
ball back and forth as they descended 
the slope. The Aspen authorities would 

See KENNEDY, Page 3 


voting on the budget to forestall a resig- 
nation by Mr. Levy while co ntin ui n g 
nego tiatio ns wi thin the coalition. The 
government can legally operate until 
March on a continuation of the 1997 
budget 

Mr. Levy’s threat raised two ques- 
tions for the U^.-led efforts to revive 
peace negotiations between the Israelis 
and Palestinians. 

One was that a prolongation of the 
government's budget battle probably 
would delay any possibility of Mr. Net- 
anyahu's agreeing to a partial pullback 
of troops from the occupied West 
Batik. 

The Clinton adminis tration has 
pressed Israel to han d over to the Pal- 

See ISRAEL, Page 10 


Iran Missiles 
Mire U.S. in 
A Debate on 
Sanctions 


By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Twice on con- 
secutive days in December, once very 
much in public and once in a jolt of 
classified intelligence, news from Iran 
intruded on a deadlocked Clinton ad- 
ministration debate. 

First came the unexpected overture of 
President Mohammed Khatami at the 
Organization of the Islamic Conference 
on Dec. 14. In a striking departure from 
the dominant rhetoric of 18 years, he 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

called for "thoughtful dialogue" with 
‘ ‘the great people and nation of Amer- 
ica.” Still more intriguing to U.S. of- 
ficials was Mr. Khatami's talk of "de- 
tente in diplomatic policy" toward the 
U.S. government. 

On Dec. 15, as the first analyses of Mr. 
Khatami’s remarks were under way, a 
second and less pleasant surprise reached 
officials with me right security clear- 
ances. Satellite reconnaissance of the 
Shahid Heznat Industrial Group research 
facility, not far south of Tehran, had 
picked up the heat signature of an engine 
test for a Dew generation of Iranian bal- 
listic missiles, each capable of carrying a 
2^200-pound (1 metric ton) warhead 
more than 800 miles (1,300 kilometers). 

The test — the sixth or eighth this year, 
according to rival interpretations of avail- 
able intelligence — marked another ad- 
vance for a liquid-fueled intermediate- 
range missile that would enable Iran for 
the first time to strike Israel, all of the 
Gulf emirates, most of Saudi Arabia and 
Turkey with warheads that could contain 
chemical or biological agents. 

The Central Intelligence Agency and 
Defense Intelligence Agency differ in 
their projected dates for an operational 
missile — the CIA predicts a first test 
flight next year, the DIA in 1999 — but 
government analysts generally agree that 
it is the gravest short-term menace to U.S. 
and allies in the Middle East, 
juxtaposition of charm and threat 
has added intensity to an unfinished ad- 
ministration debate on how to influence 
Iranian behavior. Though largely united 
on a Inroad strategy of pressure againcr 
Iran, President Bill Clinton’s senior for- 
eign policy advisers are riven by dif- 
ferences on the question that faces them 
most insistently: whether and bow to 

See IRAN, Page 10 


AGENDA 


Moi, Leading Kenya Vote, Warns Foes to Accept Result 


Unofficial results in the Kenyan presidential elec- 
tion had President Daniel arap Moi leading with 
almost half of the vote counted. Meanwhile, the 
Nairobi government told the opposition to accept the 
results of the election and warned that security 
officials would "deal swiftly and firmly" with those 


who disturb the peace. The warning came after two 
leading opposition candidates, Mwai Kibaki and 
Raila Odinga, said they would not accept a result 
giving Mr. Moi victory. They said they would meet 
with other opposition groups to map out a common 
stand against Mr. Moi and nis ruling parry. Page 7. 


Key Points in U.S. Telecom Law Ruled Unconstitutional 


PAGE TWO 

The Dilemma in Texas: Does It Execute a Woman? 


THE AMERICAS 

Computers A Tow Screening Airlines 

Pages. 

’ Passengers 


Pace 9. 

Crossword- „ 


Opinion 


Sports 

..... Pages 18-19. 

| The IHT on-line v/wvv.iht 

.com | 


A federal judge in Texas has struck down key 
portions of the 1 996 law that deregulated the Amer- 
ican telecommunications industry, saying the law 



out of die $80 billion long-distance market. 

The ruling Wednesday will be appealed by the 
federal government and is unlikely to have any 
immediate consumer impact. But it marks the biggest 
setback to date for the embattled Telecommuni- 
cations Act of 1996, a law that has failed to Uve up to BEACHBOYS — President Bill Clinton taking 

its promise to bring new competition to the local and Buddy, hist Labrador puppy, for a stroll Thurs- 
markets. Page 11 . day at HSton Head bland. South Carolina. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY JANUARY 2, 1998 


PAGE TWO 


Prisoner No. 777 / Scheduled fo-Die Feb. 3 


Execute a Woman? Texas Ponders Issue 


By Sam Howe Veriiovek 

New York Tuna Sen-ice 


G ATES VILLE. Texas — Texas put 
37 men to death in 1997, the most 
executions in any state in any year in 
the modem era of capital punish- 
ment. But even for a state with the nation’s 
busiest execution chamber, the looming lethal 
injection of prisoner No. 777 at the Mountain 
View Unit here is a milestone. 

The condemned inmate is Karla Faye Tuck- 
er, 38, who would become the first woman 
executed in Texas since the Civil War. She is 
scheduled to die Ffeb. 3 for her part in the 
pickax slayings 14 years ago of Jerry Lynn 
Dean and Deborah Thornton, a crime that is 
still known as one of Houston’s most lurid. 

Only one woman has been executed. in die 
United States since the reinstatement of the 
death penalty two decades ago. 

But with her latest appeals turned down by the 
U.S. Supreme Court in December, and her ex- 
ecution date set recently by Judge Debbie Man- 
tooth Stricklin of State District Court, Ms. Tuck- 
er's hopes for a reprieve from death now rest 
with Governor George Bush and the state’s 18- 
member Board of Pardons and Paroles, which 
has not recommended commutation of a death 
sentence in more than a decade. 

As the execution date nears, an unlikely 
array of sympathizers ranging from Christian 
conservatives to a juror in her trial are lobbying 
to save her life in a case that is providing a stark 
political quandary for Mr. Bush and an equally 
stark picture of society's reluctance — even in 
a hard-core law-and-order state — to execute 
women. 

At 5 foot, 3 inches and 120 pounds, with 
dark, wavy hair and an expressive manner that 
give her more than a passing resemblance to 
the actress Debra Winger, Ms. Tucker does not 
fit the typical profile of a condemned killer. In 
an interview, through the plastic divider that 
keeps her physically apart from almost every 
other human being, including her husband, she 
describes herself as "a really buggy, touchy- , 
feely person” who would love nothing more ! 
than to be a mother. 

But while almost nobody reviewing her case 
questions the depth of her conversion to Chris- 
tianity and her commitment to a prison-based 
ministry aimed at keeping young people from 


becoming criminals, this is still the same Karls 
Faye Tucker who helped to kill two people 14 
years ago. Strung out with her boyfriend on a 
variety of drugs, she repeatedly assaulted the 
sleeping victims with the murder weapon, left 
it embedded in Ms. Thornton's chest and boas- 
ted, just after the killing s, that she had ex- 
perienced a surge of sexual pleasure every time 
she swung die three-foot pickax. 

Ms. Tucker is one of a relatively small group 
of women awaiting execution around the coun-- 
try. Nationally, women account for one in every 
eight people arrested for murder, but women 
make up only one of roughly every 70 mmatre 
on death row. And, since 1976, when the. Su- 
preme Court cleared die way for redmpositiem of 
the death penalty, just one of the 432 people 
executed was a woman: Margie Velma Barfield, 
a North Carolina grandmother pat to death 13 
years ago for poisoning her fianc£. 


T he queasiness about executing women 
is particularly striking here in Texas, a 
state responsible for exactly half of all 
executions in the country in 1997 and 
roughly a third since the Supreme Court per- 
mitted the reinstatement of capital punishment 
in 1976. While many in the state hail its tough - 
on-crime image, Texas has put fewer female 
murderers on death row than Florida or North 
Carolina and has not executed any woman 
since 1 863, when Chipita Rodriguez was put to 
death for murdering a horse trader. 

“There is certainly a gender bias in the pro- 
cess, and women are screened out at all levels of 
the system, especially in Texas,” said Victor 
Streib, dean at the Ohio Northern University’s 
College of Law, who compiles the figures on 
female convictions and executions and pub- 
lishes them in a semi-annual publication, “Cap- 
ital Punishment of Female Offenders. " 

*Tve asked a lot of officials in Texas, how 
come you are so tough on the death penalty and 
so prond of it and yet you never use it on a 
wo man ?" Mr. Streib said. ”1 think it really all 
comes down to an attitude — Texans just don’t 
treat their women that way.” 

Ms. Tucker has drawn support from a sister 
of one of the victims, a juror in her case and 
former prosecutors. No less nettlesome for Mr. 
Bush, a potential candidate for the presidency 
who values the political support of religious 
conservatives, is the campaign being waged by 


Karla Faye Tucker’s hopes for a 
reprieve now rest with Governor 
George Bush and the state's ■ 
Board of Pardons and Paroles* 
which has not recommended 
commutation of a death sentence 
in more than a decade. 

the television evangelist Pat Robertson, who 
says he is not opposed to the death penalty but 
has urged the governor to exercise “com- 
passion” and spare Ms. Tucker’s life. 

The . law here says nothing about tr eating 
women who kill differently than men who do — 
unlike, for example, Russia, which specifically 
exempts women from the death penalty. 

Ana even Ms. Tucker, who says that her 
Obristiaafaith makes her opposed to the death 
penalty as well as to abortion and euthanasia, 
says she does not believe she should be given 
special consideration because of her gender. 
“If you believe in it for one, you believe in it 
for everybody,” Ms. Tucker said of capital 
punishment. “If you don’t believe in it, don’t 
believe in for anybody.” 

Nonetheless, and clearly because she is a 
woman, her case has drawn a large amount of 
attention, and is likely to draw much more as 
Feb. 3 approaches. The chairman of (he state's 
pardon board, Victor Rodriguez, took the 
highly unusual action last month of coming to 
Garesville for a private meeting with the con- 
demned w oman. 

Some experts on the death penalty, includ- 
ing Mr. Streib, said they believe that 
something will happen to at least put off the 
execution date, as has happened for Ms. Tuck- 
er and many other female inmates in Texas and 
other states. So for, though, there are no in- 
dications that a reprieve is in the offing. 

“After my visit with her, I remain con- 
vinced that gender should not be given any 
weight in considering clemency,” Mr. Rodrig- 
uez said recently. “After all is said and done, 
we still have a very horrendous crime that was 
committed.” 

And Governor Bush, who has never 
pardoned, commuted or even delayed a death 
sentence during his tenure, has given no sig- 






nals that he has leniency on his mind. 

* ‘The gender of the murderer did not make 
any difference to the victims,”. said foe gov- 
ernor’s spokeswoman, Karen Hughes, who 
added that Mr. Bush asks two primary ques- 
tions in his review of commutation petitions: Is 
there any question about the individual’s guilt, 
and has the individual had fair access to foe 
courts and a full hearing on all legal issues? . 

L egally, Mr. Bush can commute Ms. 
Tucker’s sentence only if amajority of 
pardon board members recommends 
that he do so; because he has ap- 
pointed most of the members, there is. little 
doubt that he could secure such a vote if he 
wanted to. Conversely, if foe board does voce 
for commutation, he may ignore its recom- 
mendation. On his own, he coold also issue a 
ope- time, 30-day reprieve from execution. 

Some of Ms. Tucker’s supporters fear foot 
all foe publicity could actually hurt her case for 
commutation. 

“She has from the first been willing to do 
whatever kind of amends somebody who com- 
mits such a horrible crime can do,” said Rusty 
Hardin, a former prosecutor in Houston. 
“That’s what sets her apart from many other 
people on death row. If you believe in foe 
commutation process, it's the best case I’ve 


.Uwfc IMan/Tbr V* Tlwra 


ever seen. People should simply stop talking 
about the feet that she’s a woman, or a con- 
verted Christian.” 

Ms. Tucker has long acknowledged her guilt 

and even after she was sentenced to death by a 

Houston jury in 1984, she testified at foe trial 
of her former boyfriend, Daniel Ryan Garrett, 
who also was convicted and sentenced to death 

for the crime but died in prison of liver disease 

before foe state could execute him. 

Much of Ms. Tucker’s life is recounted in a 
book, “Crossed Oven The True Story of the 
Houston Pickax Murders,” by foe novelist 
Beverly Lowry, who described Ms. Tucker as 
“a doper at 8, a needle freak behind heroin by 
the rinu» she was 11,” who first had sex at the 
age of 11 or 12 and later became a prostitute. 
‘•'My mother and I were really close," Ms. 
Tucker recounted in foe book. “We used to 
share drugs like lipstick. ' ’ 

The book also offers a detailed look at Ms. 
Tucker’s conversion to Christianity. That, and 
why teenagers turn to crime, were subjects she 
spoke about at length, in a soft, twangy voice, 
in foe interview in Gatesville. 

'*1 was crying out, I mean crying out, for 
attention,” she said, and she remembered feel- 
ing envy, even at the age of 8, for a neigh- 
borhood girl whose parents took her to church 
regularly. 




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Up-Down Jolts Battered United Flight 

Preliminary Report by U.S. Board Revises Earlier Accounts of Incident 


WEEKEND SKI REPORT 


By Don Phillips 

WusJunRhm Post Service 

WASHINGTON — United Airlines 
Flight 826 experienced a sudden upward 
push of almost twee foe force of gravity 
over foe Pacific Ocean, followed by a 
sharp downward push that pulled pas- 
sengers out of foeir seats, foe National 
Transportation Safety Board says. 

The board, investigating foe incident 
Sunday that killed a woman and injured 
102 praple. said Wednesday that pre- 
liminary information from the plane’s 
flight data recorder showed that die most 
violent portion of the incident lasted about 
six and a half seconds. The board's brief 
statement gave no opinion of what caused 
foe event, although the airline and me- 
teorologists said earlier that it appeared to 
be a violent burst of turbulence. 

The board did say that the incident 


was not caused by a movement of foe 
‘pilots’ control column, indicating that 
foe flight crew was not involved. 

The board offered no analysis and 
said it did not expect another statement 
for several weeks. But the data indicated 
passengers would have felt as if foe 
plane had been hit on foe bottom and 
then on the top by a giant hammer. 
About foe same time, it was apparently 
hit with a sudden head wind. 

Despite the severity of foe jolts, the 
board said the plane did not fall 1,000 
feet as originally repotted. The data 
recorder showed it never deviated more 
than 100 feet up or down from its flight 
path. There was no immediate expla- 
nation for the discrepancy. 

United issued a statement saying foe 
pilots and flight attendants “did an out- 
standing job in what was clearly an 
extremely challenging situation:" 


TRAVEL UPDATE 

Geneva, Year 2000: Watch the Giant Hourglass 

GENEVA (AFP) — A giant hourglass is planned to usher Geneva into the year 
2000. drawing on foe watchmaking tradition of this Swiss city. 

A committee called Signe 2000 is holding a global competition to design foe 
hourglass, which drill remain as a monument after it is turned in foe first minute of 
foe year. 

New Bridge to Link Hong Kong and Mainland 

HONG KONG (AP) — China will build a 27-kilometer bridge between the 
mainland and Hong Kong, foe Xinhua press agency said. 

The $2 billion Lingdingyang Bridge is intended to ease bottlenecks at land 
crossings. It is to be completed in 2004 and will cut travel time between Hong Kong 
and the Zhuhni special economic zone in half, to about 45 minutes. 

A strike by some Belgian rail workers over time off disrupted services 
Thursday, notably to foe Netherlands. (AFP) 


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The data showed that the incident 
took place an hour and 31 minutes after 
foe Boeing 747 had left Tokyo for Hon- 
olulu with 374 passengers and a crew of 
19, at an altitude of about 31,000 feet 
(9,500 meters). The plane was first hit 
with an upward force of 1.8G — 1.8 
times foe force of gravity, with a side- 
ways push of 0.1G. 

At the same time, the plane's airspeed 
increased from 335 knots — about 385 
miles an hour — to 350 knots. This 
would be consistent with a sudden 15- 
knot head wind. 

Six seconds later, it was hit with a 
0.8G downward push for about a half- 
second that “would have foe effect of 
pulling an occupant out of foe seat, or 
against a seat belt if foe occupant were 
restrained,” foe board said 

The board said it would now inter- 
view foe flight crew, cabin crew and 
passengers, document damage to the 
plane, and analyze weather and air 
traffic control communications. 

■ Tokyo Criticizes United 

The Japanese Transport Ministry has 
accused united Airlines of slowing foe 
investigation into the incident by re- 
fusing to turn over the passenger list. 
The Associated Press reported from 
Tokyo. 

United acknowledged that there had 
been confusion over foe list — which it 
attributed to a deluge of requests from 
different Japanese agencies — bur said 
it was cooperating and forwarding foe 
passengers' names to foe authorities. 

“We're In the process of providing a 
current passenger manifest’' to foe lead 
Japanese investigating authority, said 
Richard Martin, a spokesman for 
United. "The National Transportation 
Safety Board is doing so as well/’ 


Corrections 

A caption in Tuesday’s is- 
sue gave incorrect informa- 
tion about Ramadan. The Is- 
lamic holy month of dawn-to- 
dusk fasting began on Mon- 
day evening, wifo-foe sighting 
of foe new moon. 

A headline in some edi- 
tions Tuesday incorrectly re- 
ferred to one of Benazir 
Bhutto’s relatives. It is her 
husband who joined foe 
Pakistani Senate. 


See our 

Entertainment 

every Wednesday 
in The Intmnarket 


Andorra 

Soidau 35 'to 

Austria 

techfll 30 SO 

Kitzbuhel 10 77 

Mayrhofen 0 BB 

Obergurgl 80 1*0 

Soil 7 TO 

Si Anton 50 220 

Panaris . • ” 

Lake Louise 40 06 

Whistler 80 

Francs 

AtpedHuez 58 130 

Los Arcs 35 

Avoriaz 90 100 

Chamonix 30 185 

Courchevel B5 TO 

Las Deux Afpes 40 115 

Flarne 55 1*5 

Megeve 20 65 

MSribd 55 » 


Mtn. R»- Snow Lost 

Pistes Pistes Stole Sum Comnerts 

Good Ad VM 27/12 good on inar skfm, law» ty 

good good ported 28712 a 41 Mb taai. may good sting 
good mm »M 2Bfl2 g. sting, mua pistes apawtj dB/y 
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good pndpiMdor W12 enxtoskin&clmcaafaKM 
Fair Far PM 2Bft2 getting ifpor nus. fever non «s 
good goodpOMlar 2BA2 great on stopos: o/U spot al ice 


gaod good rated 2 ah 2 ray good sKog or slnms 
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good MHipMdir 28/12 good bUkq bath on and off /*hb 
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good cy tor Z 7/12 ippar pistes r. mA tower nns CiOf 

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Here! Cbaed tor 28/12 g dang cote 2000 : her nta man 


Italy - 

Bormio ID i*> 

Cervmia ' 50 200 

Cortina 25 110 

Courmayeur 15 30 

Uvigno w HO 

Madonna d CL 110 2/0 


Mtn. Ret. Snow . Lost 
PWbs Pistes Stole Snow 


good good powder 28/12 some ray goof stenpawirtobto a 
good - icy tor 26/12 good right dom to me Ago, 
Qood Ail Pckd 28/12 fpM ailing an wet gmnad dopes 
Good Closed tor IB/12 uufygaxlteiVMH* 
good good powder 26/12 ante* Aft tar btaom ■ 
goad good ptrator 2BH2 ' fantasUc string an el nn 
good goadpadaid 25/12 after open wtfi goad sklng 


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LaPiaone 

700 

ia 

good 

good rated 28/12 great vktogaBpedaltissnnaB 

SL Gervais 

30 

60 

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Closed 

tor 28/12 hvotyt&ng mtidentaopon 

Seme ChevaDar 50 

185 

good 

ty 

tor 27712 gtousItSigibastontaatxnMaf 

Tlgnas 

63 

155 

good 

worn 

wwd 28/12 k good upper nut. it. busy hmr 

Val rflsdre 

TO 

100 

pod 

tat 

rated 28/12 gskhgNffLqoauoionimlnBts 

VMThorans 

79 

1« 

good 

good 

rated 28/12 vgoart imiOuneiKO. :mw tupoa. 

Qormwiy 

Ganmisch 

0 

190 

Good Ctosod 

PM 28/12 300* Bts open, oomo good sting 


Swftzarftmd 

Crans Monona 5 80 
Daws - 48 ttS 
KJosters 29 116 

Murom 00 HO 

Saae Fee 40 170 

SI Moritz 80 135 

VarWer 10 TK) 

Wengen 10 M 

Zermatt 25 90 

U.S. 

Aspen 55 80 

Brackanridgfl 66 B 

Crested Butts 65 85 

Mammoth 150 210 

Park City. 80 95 

Vail . 55 76 

Winter Paris bo wo 


■am varied 27/12 
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good powter 28/12 

Alt PmX 28/12 
mefcy tor 2802 
good powder 2X12 
■on rated 28/12 
nan rated 28/12 
Icy Vtor 2B/ta 

good pecked 2832 
good powter 2932 
goodpowtar 29/12 
good peeked 21/12 
Alt Pekd 16/12 
goad ponds 29/12 
goad poMter 29/12 


great gtaoterritev tomr urn min 
foBf open Htoi good skkig 
good slang on mv i 

gmtshSng: UOonaf 290thi 
stopea oerisne 80cm at SSOOn 
aiSSUtsopm win good skwjg 
good syw ms: toenr ma/top Mi* 
/nasty my good odd mm paten 
good sUnffVparwna but 


oMB *t» open and 6W77 nra 
gnat aktog on tmti snow 1 
pod rity on Bon is* mar - 
most Hi open, good dong . 

72/98 oais and Uttts an open . 
B57I24 Mbqpsi 

aery good sting Mfe&to - 


Keyri^U: Dapft In on on low and ipper stapes. Mtn. Pissee UoutfahOde pUes. Res. Ptstn Rim 
toning to tesortvttaga. Art Aitfldsl mow. • Reports sypfodbr the SdCM>a/&oaf£Wsh 


WEATHER 


Europe 

Tadaf 

Wgh LawW 

“ tc; 

Htgh 

lOfTOW 

LowW 


C 4 F 

OF 

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Mgma 

1743 ? 

15/53 po 

18*4 

U«pe 

A— ntem 

8/48 

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10*0 

0*2 r 

Antaa 

1*4 

-7120 e 

V 34 

■ 3*7 at 



0/40 c 

12*3 

BUSC 



7 M 4 C 

17*62 

8/48 « 


W« 

6/43 ah 

11/52 

xosre 

B «6 

4*9 Ui 

was 

3*7 c 

Bmnik 

am 

4 *sr 

ta/Go 

0/32 r 

Butepra 

7«4 

7/44 4*1 

9/48 

0*43 r 

CoomjVmwi 

7*44 

408 r 

7744 

209 X 1 

Com 0*4 Sol 16*1 

15/53 0 

1 VS 4 

13/56 pc 

£U*n 

9/48 

7744 c 

0*46 

- 1/31 r 

E*tiupyi 

74 M 

4*0 r 

W 40 

1/34 r 

Wwra 

W 48 

0/46 r 

12/63 

7744 C 

Frajtfftnt 

7744 

4*9 an 

0 / 4 ® 

907 e 

Omva 

8/43 

1*4 r 

5/41 

2*5 r 

HatatoM 

- 2*20 

■307 an 

0*2 

■ 029*1 

tesua *4 

8/46 

6(43 PC 

9/48 

W 43 *i 

Kbv 

104 

0 * 2 ) 

3*7 

« 34 *i 

Las Patera 

22*71 

17*02 ■ 

22771 

10/84 • 

LWm 

10*1 

12*3 pc’ 

16/61 

11762 c 

Londre 

9/48 

0 / 43 C 

9/40 

- 1*1 C 

Ms&W 

11/52 

7/44 c 

14/57 

SMI c 

MBtorsa 

•6459 

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19*6 1K0 pc 

feS«n 

7/44 

307 • 

6/46 

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Maocow 

■403 

- 6*10 C 

-«S 

- 5 / 24 C 

i*r*ai 

0/43 

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7/44 

2*6 C 

I 9 tt» 

12*53 

7744 r 

14/67 

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2*5 

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8/48 

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Prague 

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7744 

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7744 

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6/43 

3/37 C 

4*9 

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206 

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907 

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14*7 

8/48 c 

Si Pracoum -«s 


4*8 

■ 2*0 an 

Skx±Ise 5 m 

4/39 

5*5 r 

4 * 8 . 

2*5 an 

EteMn 

7 M 4 

E /41 ah 

7/44 

3/37 r 

DOR 

0*32 

-1*1 an 

205 

1 * 4*1 

TbM 

2*5 


4*9 

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VanfcB 

7/44 

8*43 r 

1 UE 2 

4/39 c 

Vienna 

8/40 

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6/43 c 

WHW 

E /41 


7744 

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7*44 

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7»4 

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Forecast tor Saturday through Monday, as provided by AccuWealher. 



North America 

Very cold air win spread 
southward from western 
and central Canada. This 
wf> result In upalope snow 
to the Rockies and extreme 
cold In the Rains. Travel 
(Maya are Hkaty on flights 
10 Denver, Minneapolis. 
Winnipeg end Calgary. 
Mid to the Southeast 


Europe 

Very stormy weather is 
forecast for the British Isles 
and northern Europe, as 
very strong stoma crash to 
trom the open Atlantic. 
Delays for London, Ams- 
terdam, Copenhagen arid 
Hamburg are Rteriy to con- 
ltnua due to wind end rain. 
Wet In eastern Europe as 


Asia 

The weekend will bring 
very cold weather to east- 
am China, Korea and 
Japan. But despite the cold 
weefrer, travel delays wffl 
be mto lmta ed by a souther- 
ly storm track. Rain win 
slew travel along the south 
CWn* coast end Indochina. 
No major storms are tore- 
oast In the tropical Pacific. 


Middle East 


Abu Dhobi 

27*0 

18*4 e 

21/70 

15/69 *1 

Bites 

1 S 69 

9 / 40 po 

T 4 S 7 

& 40 a 

Caao 

18 S 4 

8140 s 

19/64 11/62 pe 

Danrascs* 

fl /40 . 


11762 

1734 * 

JflHiMlOT 

9 MB 

1/34 S 

11132 

4*96 

Luxor 

217 TD 

307 * 

2373 

a /46 a 

FSjwfl* 

17*2 

8 M 8 r 

16/59 

346 pc 


Algiers 1369 a Mac 
Cuts Tran ana tuna 
CMteana 15/68 BM8po 
Kras 27/80 9M6 e 
Lagos sain wire pc 
Nwobl Mm ifl/Bish 

Tints 18/84 BM 8 C 


1M4 tvspc 

399S 23TOa 
1IH8 12/53 s 
25/77 7M4e 
saw 24/75 pc 
20/78 J4IH7 Ul 
14 or awflpc 


UB8n * ^rS\.^S rafClou,>r - «*wV.afHtoowets, Htuxtortomis, Mam. rfenow Antes, 
msiiw, K5®, wwofliw. 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


THE AMERICAS 


Nevada Is Fastest- Growing State for 12 th Year 


POLITICAL NOTES 




; By Rene Sanchez 

1 HiaftiHyfoH Past Servic e 

\ WASHINGTON — Nevada is. growing faster than 
any other state in the nation and die West is growing 
■more than any other region, according to new pop- 
ulation estimates by the Census Bureau. 

- The Census data detail how the steady popula tion 
growth in Western states that has been evident for 
more than a decade continued and even accelerated in 
]some places through 1997. . 

. The estimates from around the country, released 
•Wednesday, also suggest that several states soon stand 
io gain or lose a few seats in Congress. ‘ 

■ Nevada's population growth led the nation for the 
:i2th consecutive year. Its growth rate of 4.8 percent 
•last year, four times the national rate, is being driven 
[mostly by an extraordinary migration of residents to 
■Las Vegas. Since 1990, the population in that met- 
ropolitan area has soared past 1.2 million, an increase 
of nearly 350,000 residents — or more than 1,000 


people a week The stampede is forcing officials in the 
Las Vegas area to build roads, housing and schools at 
a breakneck pace. 

“ “When you factor in the births to these new residents, 
it adds up to an incredibly rapid increase in population.' ’ 
said Marc Petty, a Census Bureau demographer. 

The population of other Western states, notably 
Arizona, Colorado and Utah, is also surging. Even 
California, whose population has been stagnant in 
recent years, showed an increase last year of about 
400,000. Overall, the population, of the West grew by 
1 .6 percent last year, which was higher than the national 
rate of 0.9 percent, according to Census estimates. 


With the increases, the population of the United S tares 
expanded last year from 265 million to 267 million. 
The South grew nearly as much as the West, with 


Georgia gaining the most residents in that region.' Its 
growth rate of 2. 1 percent was one of the highest in the 
country. Texas and North Carolina are also growing. 
Census data show that in the last year Texas had 4 of the 
10 fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the nation. 


Census data show that population growth was smal- 
lest in the Northeast, which expanded last year by only 
0.2 percent In that region. New Hampshire had the 
highest growth rate, while Pennsylvania lost the most 
residents. In the Midwest, the population grew by 0.5 
percent, slightly less than the national average. In that 
region, Minnesota gained the most people and only 
North Dakota had a net loss of residents. 

Based on population changes recorded over the past 
year, the number of seats that four states now have in 
Congress could change. California and Texas would 
gain a seat, according to the new figures, and Illinois 
and Wisconsin would each lose a seat. 

When the latest year’s changes are added to those 
from the decade so far, other seats also could be. 
affected. According to Election Data Services, a Wash- 
ington firm, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Montana and 
Neva da stand to gain one seat each, while California 
and Texas stand to gain two. The new projections also 
suggest that Connecticut, Mississippi, New York, Ohio, 
Oklahoma and Pennsylvania all stand to lose a sea r 


Computers 
Take Over 



Hli'ni; 


r- rt i 







• By Matthew L. Wald 

. New York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — On New Year's 
r ; Day, airlines around the United States 
' began using a computerized screening 
... process to determine which passengers 
" should have their baggage checked for 
„ , explosives and whether the passengers 
who are singled out actually checked 
their bags and boarded a plane. 

[ The system is already (hawing critics 
who say it will lead to discrimination 
against members of some religious or 
ethnic groups. 

"■ ; The system works by evaluating a 
■variety of facts about a passenger and 
comparing them against a profile of a 
potential terrorist devised by the Federal 

Aviation Administration and security 

^ agencies. Officials decline to spell out 
the factors but say frequency of travel to 
certain destinations is among them. 

__ One airline, Northwest, has been us- 
ing a computerized system for months. 
Other airlines have been using their staff 
to screen passengers and make the judg- 
• ' merits, rather than computers. In 1998, 
all the major airlines are expected to 
switch to computerized “profiling” to 
identity suspect passengers. 

But the American Civil Liberties Un- 

- ion and Arab- American groups contend 
the computerized system will discrim- 

- inate by making decisions using factors’ 
like a passenger’s religion, race or na- 
tional origin, and that the Transpor- 
tation Department has not set up a way 
to prevent such discrimination. 

The ACLU has posted a complaint 
, form on its Web page (www.aclu.org) 
that passengers can use if they fed they 
have been treated unfairly. 

Just whqt factors are used in profiling 
is a secret “I’ve got a little list here of 
what I’m not allowed to talk about,” 
said David Fuscus, a spokesman for the 
Air Transport Association, the trade 
group erf the major airlines. But Mr. 
Fuscus and others deny that religion, 
-c* pice or ethnic group are factors. 

“There is no way thesystem operates 
that it could ” duscriminate against 
people," he said, adding that the system 
had been approved by the Justice De- 
partmenL But he acknowledged that 
travel patterns are significant, so that 
. people who travel often to countries- 

- believed to harbor terrorists are more 
likely to be “profiled.” 

Sam Husseini. a spokesman for the 
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination 
■ 3 Committee, said of the computerized 
^system: “.We certainly hope there isn 't a 
■ field that says ‘Arab,’ but we feel there 
could be a series of quasi-ethnic ques- 
tions, like destination, or place of 
birth.” 

Mr. Husseini added, though, that pro- 
filing had been going on for 20 years, 
administered by individual airline em- 
ployees, and that switching to a com- 
puterized system would eliminate the 
biases of that individual, and substitute 
d>e bias of a computer formula. It was 
v c lear, he said, which was worse. 

The aviation administration and the 
airlines also will not describe their 

- sources of information on passengers. 
But die airlines know whom they have 
canied before and to what destinations; 
they also know if the ticket was bought 
by credit card or with cash, and whether 
the passenger is a member of their fre- 

quem-flier programs. 

. The system is being used because the 

- airlines do not have enough equipment, 
personnel or time to scan or search ea**h 
bag and ensure that each bag is ac- 
companied by a passenger. 

y Companies have developed ma- 
chines to scan tegs, some with multiple 
X-rays .that are integrated by a com- 



Clinton’s Fund Folds 
For Lack of Interest 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton has decided to close a defense 
fund be established in 1994 to help 
pay his soaring legal bills, heeding a 
recommendation from the fund’s 
trustees that continuing controversy 
and dwindling contributions have 
made it pointless to stay in business. 

For the first 1 1 months of 1997, the 
Presidential Legal Expense Trust op- 
erated in the red — spending about 
$92,000 on its own legal and ad- 
ministrative costs, but taking in just 
shy of $80,000 from donors eager to 
help the president and Hillary Rod- 
ham Clinton mount a defense in the 
Whitewater and Democratic fund- 
raising affairs. 

A steady decline in donations dur- 
ing die last three years accelerated 
when the fund itself became ensnared 
this year in investigations into Demo- 
cratic fund-raising, said the trust’s 
executive director. Michael Cardozo. 

With the legal bills now totaling at 
least $2.9 million and rising rapidly, 
the Clintons remain eager for help 
from friends and supporters to get out 
of debt, according to administration 
officials and others familiar with then- 
plans. In a statement. Mr. Clinron said 
be had asked the White House legal 
counsel to study “the ethical and le- 
gal requirements that would govern 
any future efforts” to raise defense 
money. (WP) 


brenner Jr., Republican of Wisconsin, 
ended almost two weeks of mystery 
for lottery officials when he turned up 
with the winning ticket at the same 
place he purchased it. Congressional 
Liquors on Capitol Hill. 

When Mr. Sensenbrenner presen- 
ted the ticket, he was a Mule confused 
about how much he had won, ac- 
cording to Willie McCoy, the store’s 
manager. 

“When he came in, he thought he 
had won only $10,” Mr. McCoy said. 
“I pulled him aside and said, ‘Sir, I 
think you have won more than you 
thought.* He shook a little bit. and 1 
said, ’ Don ’i faint on me.’ ” 

Mr. Sensenbrenner said his own 
family considers him to be “quite 
tight.” 

He said his wife, Cheryl, did not 
believe he had won until he brought a 
bottle of Champagne to their home in 
Alexandria. Virginia. “I have never 
bought an S85 bottle of Champagne in 
my life," he said. 

’The 54-year-old father of two ac- 
knowledged a weakness for playing 
the lottery. 

District officials knew a winning 
ticket had been sold for the drawing 
Dec. 1 8 and wondered when someone 
would claim the prize. After he pur- 
chased the ticket on the day of the 
drawing. Mr. Sensenbrenner went 
borne to Wisconsin to bring his moth- 
er to Washington for Christmas. 
“I’ve been carry ing the ticket around 
in my billfold.’* he said. “I didn't 
think about checking it." f 117*1 


CongressnumHitsIt Q uote Unquote 

C? & it _ ■ n l:.. 


WASHINGTON — A Republican 
congressman has won $250,000 with 
a $2 D.C. Lottery ticket he bought at a 
liquor store. 

Representative F. James Sensen- 


Marion Barry, on his fee lings about 
another term as mayor of Washing- 
ton: “There are time’s when 1 wake up 
in the morning and say. T'm ready to 
go do it.’ And there are other times I 
say. ’I’m not so sure.’ " (WPi 


Sumui Ragm/lV AwociMrd Pit*. 

Carl Nolle, left, attempting a smoke ring at John’s Grill in San Francisco shortly before they became illegaL 

No Smoking in Bar? Puff, Go Californians 


Chief Justice Scolds Senate 
For Delay Over Judgeships 


CaepUnibfOtrS^FmDtiptK^s 

LOS ANGELES — Told that they 
were smoking in violation of die law, 
many Californians continued puffing 
away at bars early Thursday as the New 
Year and a new ban arrived. 

Nearly 200 smokers at the Pine Cove 
Inn tavern in Sacramento continued 
puffing on- cigars and cigarettes after 
midnight;'' when the slate’s strict no- 
smoking ban went into effect 

“Ladies and gentlemen, you are all 
officially breaking the law if you are 
smoking,” shouted the tavern manager. 
Gerry Sherman. He was met with jeers 
and catcalls. Everyone kept smoking. 

At die Gold Dust Lounge in San 


Francisco. Jake McClean. 21. kept 
smoking his cigar right through mid- 
night. He said he did not plan to stop 
“unless they pry it from my fingers." 

California banned smoking in most 
indoor workplaces in 1995, including 
the nonbar areas of restaurants. Bars and 
casinos were temporarily exempted. 

Bat the only exempt businesses now 
are casinos and bars on Indian reser- 
vations and owner-operated businesses 
with no employees. 


tobacco in the country today,” said 
Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine 
at the University of California at San 
Francisco. “When this happens in the 
biggest, most diverse state in the coun- 
try and the sky doesn ’t fad. it will spread 
across the country.” 

California is the first state to ban 
smoking in most bars and casinos. The 
ban is not meant to criminalize smoking, 
state officials say, but to give employees 
a workplace free of secondhand sznoke. 


By John H. Cushman Jr. 

Ne*’ York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — In an unusual 
rebuke. Chief Justice William Rehn- 
quist of the Supreme Court has crit- 
icized the Senate for failing to move 
more quickly on judicial appointments, 
saying the "vacancies cannot remain at 


ligation to confirm any particular nom- 
inee, but after the necessary time for 
inquiry, it should vote him up or vote 
him down," the chief justice said in the 
report, which was issued Wednesday. 

Disputes over judgeships have raged 
for more than a year, sparked by what 
conservatives have called the activist 


more quickly on judicial appointments, conservatives have called the activist 
saying the "vacancies cannot remain at leanings of nominees. The Senate con- 
such high levels indefinitely without firmed 17 judges in 1996 and 36 in 1997, 
eroding the quality of justice.’ ’ compared with 10 1 judges in 1994. As a 

The chief justice made the statement result, nearly one in 10 seats on the 


Anti-tobacco forces say the fines in- which has been linked to lung cancer. 


eluded io the law will ensure that it will 
beenforced. 

* ‘1 think this bar ban going into force 
is die most important thing happening in 


Scientology Paid the U.S. 
$12.5 Million in Tax Deal 


respiratory problems and other illnesses. 

Owners breaking the law could be 
fined up to $100 for a first offense and 
up to $7,000 per violation for a series of 
offenses. Smokers also can be fined. 

While smoking foes eagerly awaited 
the new law, others scoffed at it 
“This is the weird thing,” said Vin- 
cent Jung, owner of Formosa Cafe in 
Los Angeles. “We’re in L.A.," be said, 
adding, “What’s the difference of in- 
haling secondhand smoke and smog? 
We didn’t ban cars did w zV'lAP, NYT) 


in his annual year-end report of the state 
of the judiciary, a document in which he 
also praised Congress for responding to 
other judicial concerns, such as increas- 
ing judges’ salaries and providing more 
money for operations of the courts. 

But he asserted that the major prob- 
lem facing the judiciary was “too few 
judges and too much work” and that 
continuing inaction on nominees was 
imperiling the whole court system. He 
said that delays by President Bill Clin- 
ton in making nominati ons had con- 
tributed to the problem, but his main 
criticism fell on the Senate, which is 
responsible for approving or rejecting 
nominees to the federal judiciary. 

“The Senate is surely under no ob- 


federal bench are vacant, the report said. 
Twenty-six of the 82 openings have 
been unfilled for more than 18 months. 

Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont, 
the ranking Democrat on the Judiciary 
Committee, said he hoped the report 
would “help shame the Senate into 
clearing the backlog." He said that 
more than 40 judicial nominees had 
been kept on hold in 1997. 

Mr. Clinton has accused Senate Re- 
publicans of. putting politics above 
justice in refusing to act on his nom- 
inees. But Senator Orrin Hatch, Repub- 
lican of Utah, the Judiciary Committee 
chairman, said Mr. Clinton was largely 
responsible, since some judgeships have 
remained without nominees for years. 


By Douglas Frantz 

New York Times Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — ■ The Church of Sci- 
entology paid $12.5 million to the fed- 
eral government in 1993 as part of a 
settlement with the Internal Revenue 
Service that granted tax-exempt status 
to the church and ended a long and bitter 
battle with die agency. 

The payment was part of a landmark 
agreement, whose details bad been kept 
secret until this week. The accord saved 
the church tens of millions of dollars in 
taxes and provided Scientology with an 
important public-relations tool in its 
worldwide campaign for acceptance. 

In additioa to tire $125 million pay- 
ment, the agreement required die church 
to create an internal oversight commit- 
tee of ’ high-level church officials to 
monitor its compliance with tax laws 
and report annually to the tax agency for 
three years, according to a copy or the 
76-page settlement agreement 

As part of the settlement the church 
agreedto drop its lawsuits against the 
Internal Revenue Service and its of- 
ficials and to stop helping church mem- 
bers who. along with the church itself, 
had brought 2,200 lawsuits against the 
agency and its officials over the years. . 

In exchange, the tax agency stopped 
its audits of 13 major Scientology or- 


liens agains t some church organizations 
and granted tax-exempt status to 114 
Scientology-related entities- in the 
United States. 

The outline of the agreement was an- 


as private taxpayer information. Those 
derails were first disclosed Tuesday by 
The Wall Street Journal. The accord, 
signed Oct 1 , 1993, represented a sharp 
reversal for the tax agency. For 25 years, 
the agency had refused to provide Sci- 
entology with the blanket tax exemption 
accorded bona fide churches. 

The agency had contended that Sci- 
entology operated as a for-profit busi- 
ness that enriched some church offi- 
cials. In response, the church had 
mounted an aggressive campaign 
a gain s r the revenue service and indi- 
vidual agency officials. In a campaign 
fust described last March in The New 
York Tunes, private detectives dug into 
the backgrounds of agency personnel 
and the church helped finance an or- 
ganization of. agency whistle-blowers. 

Tbe newly disclosed details of the 
agreement show that the church agreed 
to more federal government intrusion 
than perhaps any religious organization 
has ever allowed. Along with creating 
the oversight committee, Scientology 
agreed that the tax agency could impose 
penalties of as much as $50 million on 
specific chnrch organizations if they 
repeatedly spent money on nonchar- 
i table purposes from the time of the 
agreement through the end of 1999- 

Mark Raihbun, a senior Scientology 
official and member of tbe oversight 
committee, said the church was willing 
to accept the monitoring because it had 
nothing to hide. “When you are as pure 
as the driven snow, it doesn't mean 
anything,” he said of the oversight 
“We’re doing what we have always 


KENNEDY: Michael Dies in Skiing Accident 


Continued from Page 1 


only say that he struck a tree 
about 4:15 P.M. while skiing 
down the Copper Bowl ski 
run with several members of 


run with several members of 
his family and that he was 


im Page 1 his condolences, a White and his wife, Victoria, daugh- 
House spokesman. Joe Lock- ter of an ABC sports corn- 
struck a tree hart told Reuters in Hilton mentator, [rank Gifford. In 
while skiing Head, South Carolina. 1995, sources told the Globe, , 

sr Bowl ski I“He called them to express Victoria discovered Michael 

members of die first lady’s and his- per- and the girl in bed. The news- 
that he was sonai condolences on the paper also reported that the 


treated within four minutes death of Michael Kennedy. He 


by tbe resort 's ski patrol. said that the firs 

“The ski patrol provided thoughts and 
extensive first aid on the scene with Ethd toni 
and transported Mr. Kennedy tire Kennedy I 


paper also reported that the 
long-running affair was one 


said that the first lady’s and his reason the couple announced 


rayers were in April that they bad separated 
it and tbe en- after 16 years of marriage. 


to an ambulance at the base of endured yet another personal 
Aspen Mountain.’’ the resort tragedy,” Mr. Lockhart said.] 
said in a statement. “On- Michael Kennedy, tbe 


tire Kennedy family as they They had three children. - 
endured yet another personal In July. Jeffrey Locke, dis- 


said in a statement “Cto- 
mountain treatment included 


Michael Kennedy, tbe 
sixth cltild born to the young- 


intensive cardiac care, spinal er brother of the late President 
immobilization and respiralo- John F. Kennedy, beaded a 


trict attorney for Norfolk 
County, Massachusetts, an- 
nounced that he had called off I 
his investigation into charges I 


ry support nonprofit organization that 

Mr. Kennedy was taken to provides beating fuel to the 
Aspen Valley Hospital one poor. He also headed the Sen- 
arid a half miles away, where ate re-election campaign ef- 
be arrived at 451 PJM. and fort of his ancle in 1994, and 
was pronounced dead an hour was regarded as a likely can- 
later, the authorities said. didate for Congress from 
The ski run where Mr. Massachusetts. 

Kennedy was skiing begins But the allegations of a 
near the 11,21 2-foot (3.415- long-standing affair with a 
meter) summit of Aspen babysitter — beginning when 
Mountain and is rated as an the girl was 14 years old — 
intermediate run. Weather ended all that and provided 


John F. Kennedy, beaded a that Mr. Kennedy bad corn- 
nonprofit organization that mined statutory rape, citing 


provides beating fuel to the the babysitter’s refusal to co- 
poor. He also headed die Sen- operate. 


Mr. Kennedy's death 
evoked a legacy of tragedy that 
has haunted tbe Kennedy fam- 
ily for decades. First there was 
the death in 1944 of Joseph 
Kennedy Jr., eldest son of 
Joseph and Rose Kennedy. He 


babysitter — beginning when was killed in a World War Q 
the girl was 14 years old — aerial crash over die Channel. 


conditions were clear and 
mild, and the resort said it had 
about a 25-inch base of 
packed powder snow at the 
time of the accident. 

Mr. Kennedy’s death “ap- 


pnter, others that sniff for nearly in- The outline or me agreement wus an- re uomg «iui 

Suites unai signs ofexplosives. But . nounced by the tax agency m October done, and that is operating for religious pears to be acndental ac- 
“5*“ OI cxpiusi w smd rhonrahfe mimnses. cording to the Pukm Countv 


grist for the Boston newspa- 
pers and national tabloids. 

The Boston Globe, for ex- 
ample, repented that the al- 
leged affair prompted marital 
problems between Michael 


Kathleen Kennedy, the oldest 
sister, died three years later, 
also in an air crash, followed 
two decades later by the as- 
'sassinatioos of President 
Kennedy in 1963 and Robert 
F. Kennedy in 1968. 



At* 1993. But iKe details had been kept secret 


Away From Politics 

•The family of a Brazilian teenager 
wiled in Washington by a dnmk-dri iy- 




-•.■*** 


orgui Makharadze. the Republic of 
Georgia, the Ford Motor Co. and the 
restaurant where Mr. Makharadze 
had been dining. (Reuters) 

• A group of former students who 
ate radioactive oatmeal as unwitting 
participants in an experiment will 
share a $ 1 .85 million settlement from 
Quaker Oats and .the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. More than 


100 boys were fed cereal containing 
radioactive iron and calcium in the 
1940s and ’50s. (AP) 

• The nation’s toughest gun sen- 
tencing law took effect Thursday in 
California. It dramatically increases 
prison terms for anyone who wields a 
firearm while committing a 'crime, 
requiring 10 years added to the sen- 
tence of anyone over age 14 who 
carries a gun — loaded or not — in the 
commission of a serious crime, 20 
years added to a term for firing the 
gun and 25 years to life mandated for 
seriously injuring a victim. (WP) 


and charitable purposes. 

The Internal Revenue Service indi- 
cated Wednesday that Ii would open an 
investigation into the disclosure of the 
closing agreement. In a statement, the 
revenue agency said that closing agree- 
ments were confidential taxpayer in- 
formation and that their unauthorized 
disclosure violated tbe revenue code. 

A spokesman, Frank Keith, said die 
agency would not confine that the doc- 
ument was genuine. He also declined to 
say whether an inquiry had been started. 
But he said the agency would regard tbe 
release of confidential taxpayer infor- 
mation as a serious matter and would 
seek an investigation. The unauthorized 
disclosure could be a felony, be said. 

A former senior official at the agency , 
who spoke on condition of anonymity, 
said that the disclosure would be in- 
vestigated. 


cording to the Pitkin County 
sheriff’s office. 

Joseph Kennedy said in a 
statement: “Michael’s death 
is a terrible tragedy for his 
children, his wife, Vicki, and 
his entire family. We will 
miss him dearly.” 

Michael Kennedy’s uncle. 
Senator Edward Kennedy, 
said: “Vicki and I are heart- 
broken over Michael’s tragic 
loss. Our thoughts and pray- 
ers are with Ethel, his chil- 
dren, Michael Jr., Kyle and 1 
Rory, and theirmother. Vicki. , 
We loved him and we will 
miss him very much.” 
(President Bill Clinton in- 
terrupted a New Year’s cel- 
ebration to telephone tbe 
Kennedy family and express 


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PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 

ASIA/PACIFIC 


Extreme Poverty Insulates Laos From Asia Economic Crisis 


By Seth Mydans 

Sew York Times Service 


NA TAO. Laos — This is one Southeast Asian 
country that has mostly (lodged the economic crisis 
that is sweeping through the region. It is too poor to 
feel the pain. 

Here in this settlement of thatched homes and 
parched fields, a good year is one without drought 
or flood, when the harvest is just enough to feed the 
villagers. The last good year was 1993. 

Placid and beautiful under what seems eternal 
sunshine, Laos is a nation of hungry people whose 
single annual rice crop, already too small for its 
needs, is devastated almost every year by natural 
disasters. 

By most international measures, this is one of 
the 10 poorest countries in the 'world, a landlocked 
communist nation of 4.6 million people whose 
chief natural resources are its shrinking forests and 
the potential hydropower of its rivers. 

The gross domestic product last year was just 
SI. 7 billion. Chronic malnutrition stunts die 
growth of nearly half the nation's c hildr en.- 


The subsistence fanners who make up more than 
80 percent of the population were hardly touched 
by Asia's decade of rapid growth and have hardly 
felt the downturn that is squeezing Laos’s neigh- 
bors around the region. 

“With an economy so desperately poor — the 
annual income is $350 — and most of its pop- 
ulation in subsistence agriculture, it has been in- 
sulated from the region's problems.” a Western 
diplomat said. 

The country's currency has fallen along with that 
of its bigger neighbor, Thailand, but its imports and 
foreign trade are minimal 

On asunny day in Na Tao, about 50 kilometers 
(30 miles) north of Vientiane, die capital, on one of 
the country’s few rural roads, village elders had 
spread straw mats on the ground for a feast offish, 
vegetables, rice and locally brewed rice wine. 

“There is no irrigation here so I have only one 
harvest a year,” said Kham Phao, headmaster of a 
nearby secondary school who also farms about a 
hectare (2.5 acres) of rice land. ‘ ‘It's just enough to 
feed the nine people in my family.” 

The villagers were celebrating die reopening of 


a one-room elementary school that was destroyed 
two years ago in a storm The government had no 
money to rebuild it, but Sornsanouk Mixay, editor 
in chief of The Vientiane Tunes, began a personal 
drive to raise money from donors in the capitaL 

Classes have resumed even though the new 
building is only partly completed. 

“The kids here are learning in appalling con- 
ditions." Mr. Sornsanouk said. “I wonder hdw 
they can leam in conditions like this: no walls, no 
roofs. And this is a fairly well-off area, just one 
hour from Vientiane. 

Poor schooling is one of the chief obstacles to 
development: Fewer than half the adults in Laos 
canread. 

And yet the counhy is beginning to change. 

A decade ago, the communist government opened 
the economy to foreign investment and free en- 
terprise, and the average annual income, small as it 
still is, has nearly doubled from just $200 in 1990. 

Motorbikes now buz through the capitaL A 
small class of the newly affluent drive their cars 
across the Friendship Bridge into Thailand to shop. 
And in the countryside, where few villages have 


electricity, television antennas sprout from the 
roofs of thatched houses. 

“They run their televisions off little car bat- 
teries," said Stephen Keller, representative of the 
World Food Program m Laos. “A whole industry 
has developed where someone comes around Mid 
takes the batteries into town to be charged so mat 
everyone can watch all those dumb game shows 
from Thailand.” 

Inexorably, die outside world is entering villages 
like Na Tao, and Laos will never be the same. 

In 1997, Laos made a hopeful commitment- to 
further economic change when it joined die As- 
sociation of South East -Asian Nations, the in- 
fluential nine-member grouping that is working to 
lower regional trade barriers. ‘ ' 

But Laos can barely afford to send officials to 
regional meetings and it still does not have enough 
English speakers to take part in all the association s 
activities. ■ 

‘•‘It's such a romantic country; its such a won- 
derful place,” toe Western diplomat said. “But it 
does break your heart. It’s so poor, and it will take 
so much to get h going.” . 


Pakistan Gets 
New President 
After Victory 
In Parliament 


C^npIrJ <w A*- StaffFmm Dtapurfcx 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Mo- 
hammed Rafiq Tarar was sworn in as 
president of Pakistan on Thursday, a day 
after an overwhelming victory in an 
election among lawmakers, 

Mr. Tarar, 68, a Senate member and 
former Supreme Court judge, received 
374 votes from members of the National 
Assembly, Senate and three provincial 
legislatures. His nearest rival, Aftab 
Shah ban Mirani, a Pakistan People’s 
Party candidate, won 58 votes. There 
were five other candidates. 

Mr. Tarar laid after the oath-taking 
ceremony that he was not a religious 
extremist, contrary to some local news- 
paper reports. He said it was wrong that 
he had a narrow vision about women 
and non-Muslim minorities. 

“Let me dispel this impression force- 
fully that I am a religious fundamen- 
talist.” he said. “Rather 1 am very 
broad-minded and a liberal Muslim.” 
He said he would protect rights given to 
women by the Koran and the consti- 
tution of Pakistan. 

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, whose 
party nominated Mr. Tarar, flanked the 
new president and said Mr. Tarar’s ap- 
pointment was a “good omen” for the 
country. 

Liberals have criticized his Islamic 
views as too strict, and opposition politi- 
cians have called him a Sharif “puppet.” 

“The ascendancy of such a contro- 
versial and archconservative figure to 
the presidency may mark the advent of 
creeping fundamentalism in Pakistan,” 
said Maleeha Lodhi, Pakistan’s former 
ambassador to Washington. 

Asma Jehangir. a leading human rij 
activist, received threatening letters f 
hard-line Muslims after publicly criti- 
cizing Mr. Tarar. She said be had ob- 
jected to Pakistan's family laws that give 
women the right of divorce and the right 
to seek custody of their children. 

He also has upheld a sentence that 
called for the amputation of a hand and 
foot of a thief, in line with Islamic 
punishments. 

Mr. Tarar. who is still Fighting a legal 
battle about (he legitimacy of his can- 
didacy. replaces Farooq Leghari, who 
resigned early in December at toe cli- 
max of a constitutional crisis. 

Mr. Tarar faces his next court hearing 
on Jan. 12. Legal sources say he will be 
unsealed and a fresh election held if he 
loses the case. 

A three-judge bench of toe Lahore 
High Court on Tuesday allowed Mr. 
Tarar to contest toe election despite the 
rejection of his candidacy last month by 
the then acting chief election commis- 
sioner. Mukhtar Ahmed Junejo, be- 
cause of a charge that he had defamed 
the judiciary. (Reuters, AP) 



Hong Kong Chicken Toll 
Hits 1.4 Million and Ends 

New Case of Avian Flu , the 14th , Is. Reported 


B.K. AModaedftm 

The newly elected president of Pakistan, Mohammed Rafiq Tarar, Left, 
is introduced to Parliament members by Prime Minuter Nawaz Sharif. 


India Schedules Elections 


The Associated Press 

NEW DELHI — Parliamentary 
elections in’ India will be held on four 
days ending March 7, giving a new 
government less than a week to form, 
settle in and meet toe deadline for 
voting on the nation’s annual budget. 

Polling would be held Feb. 16, 22 
and 28 and March 7. the Election 
Commission said Thursday. Ballot 
counting would begin March 8. 

With more than 600 million eli- 
gible voters, voting is often staggered 


in India so organizers can deploy 
workers and security in stages. 

■ Clinton Postpones Trip 

President Bill Clinton-has delayed 
a planned trip to India in February to 
avoid visiting during toe campaign. 
White House officials said Wednes- 
day, The Associated Press reported. 

The president said he would * ‘wait 
for a more stable political situation” 
before traveling to New Delhi, an 
administration official said. 


Compiled by OtrSufFnm Dbptaeba 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong com- 
pleted its slaughter of more than a mil- 
lion chickens Thursday as anew case of 
the deadly avian flu was confirmed. 

Officials said that more than 1.4 mil- 
lion chickens, geese, pigeons and quail 
had their throats slit or were gassed in 
the three -day operation. 

“Cleansing and disinfection are go- 
ing on to eliminate toe virus from all 
local farms, wholesale markets and re- 
tail outlets.” a government spokesman 
said Thursday. 

The slaughter was intended to halt the 
spread of the virus that has killed four 
persons. In addition, there are now L0 
confirmed cases of “bird flu” and six 
suspected cases. 

The latest confirmed case is a 14- 
year-old girl who was reported to.be in 
satisfactory condition in a hospital, the 
spokesman said. 

The government insists it has a con- 
tingency plan for any epidemic, and toe 
South China Morning Post newspaper 
quoted government sources as having 
said that the next 10 days would be 
crucial in establishing toe scope of the 
crisis. 

There are already signs of mountin g 
international concern over the virus, 
which was detected only in birds until a 
3-year-old boy became the first fatality 
in May. 

The United Arab Emirates became 
toe latest country to ban poultry from 
China, Hong Kong and Australia. Of- 
ficials in Canberra expressed surprise 
since Australia exports few chickens to 
toe Gulf state. 

South Africa is also reported to have 
banned Hong Kong and Chinese poultry. 
South Korea is testing imports and 


Bangkok airport has been put on the alert 
to check visuors from Hong Kong. 

Taiwanese airlines are malting spe- 
cial announcements on flights to Hong 
Kong to warn passengers to take special 
precautions. In addition, Hong Kong 
travel agents say Japanese tour groups 
have canceled visits because of toe fin. 

The Philippines is also monitoring 
toe flu. Two of the victims hospitalized 
in Hong Kong are Filipinos, and (me is 
in critical condition. 

There has been mounting speculation 
about at least one death in southern 
China- the mam source of chickens for 
Hong Kong. Exports to toe tenitozy 
have been halted. _ _ 

China has denied detecting any sign 
of toe virus, while admitting- that no 
blood tests have been carried out on 
humans. 

Avian fin is the latest major problem, 
after the widespread financial crisis, to 
hit the Hong Kong government in toe- 
six months since toe temtoty was 
handed back to China by Britain. Chief 
Executive Tung Chee-hwa has been pat 
on toe defensive over toe official han- 
dling of toe crisis. 

Chicken fanners are demanding com- 
tion far higher than the 30 
>ng dollars ($3.85) a bird suggest 
by toe government Mr. Tung said that a 
compensation figure probably would be 
announced next week. 

The operation, which swept 160 
chicken farms, 39 mixed poultry farms, 
2 wholesale markets and more than 

1,000 live poultry stalls, did not cover 
pet birds. 

The decision for toe sl a ughte r was 
made after health experts said the virus 
was probably transmitted directly from 
fowl to humans. (AFP, Reuters. AP) 


pensatic 
Kong d 


DEBTS: It’s a Busy Time for Tony Chan, a Malaysian Collector 


Continued from Page 1 

they have good cash flow,” Mr. Chan 
says. "After the festive season, people 
give you a lot of sob stories.” 

“Sometimes people tell you that they 
can’t pay you,” Mr. Chan says. “And 
then you see they have a Mercedes.” The 
visit to the fruit seller goes smoothly. A 
secretary quickly hands over a check for 

1.000 ringgit ($257). partial payment of 
toe debt. Mr. Chan is satisfied and goes 
off to toe next stop: toe home of a debtor 
who owns a cooking gas company. 

The house is in a run-down neigh- 
borhood of single- story concrete dwell- 
ings covered with corrugated metal roofs. 
Mr. Chan stops in front of toe debtor’s 
house and walks to toe front door. A 
woman appears and through a retractable 
iron gate hands Mr. Chan a check for 

9.000 ringgit. She quickly disappears. 
Mr. Chan walks back to his car. Many 

debtors, he says, are afraid of him and 


his' company because in Malaysia his 
profession is often associated with 
Chinese mobsters and broken limbs. 

“There are people on one extreme 
who use clubs and violence,” Mr. Chan 
says. “On toe other extreme, there are 
firms that write letters and call people 
up. That doesn't work in Malaysia. You 
have to go to a place and gain the 
debtor's respect.” 

His company. Point One Manage- 
ment Services Sdn., may not use billy 
clubs, but appearance is important, he 
says. He has hired beefy “collection 
agents” who ore charged with handing 
over demands for payment to debtors. 
(The company never mails documents, 
rarely sends raxes and usually shows up 
without an appointment.) 

Many of the debtors pursued by Point 
One are in toe construction business, 
which has boomed over the past decade 
across Asia, leaving many cities with a 
glut of housing and office space. 


Over lunch, Mr. Chan receives a call 
from a real-estate agentwho has not sold 
a house in two months. Could Mr. Chan 
tell his client to hold off for a while? It is 
these kinds of desperate phone calls that 
Mr. Chan says he is getting more often 
as toe economic situation worsens. 

Mr. Chan’s job may resemble that of 
an undertaker in America’s Wild West, 
nibbing his hands at toe sight of a gun 
battle, but be 'says scavenger analogies 
are misplaced. 

More people are calling his office 
these days, he says, but collecting debts 
has become more difficult, and many of 
his clients have become debtors. “I tell 
some clients: ‘Probably by the time we 
collect, you'll be bankrupt,' ” he says. 

The job does not go over well with 
some of his relatives. “Sometimes I go 
and meet toe family during Chinese New 
Year and someone asks: ‘Tony, whaiare 
yon doing these days?’ ” Mr. Chan says. 
“But my wife is supportive.” ■ 



TtamaWkxftaenK^HcnUTnfam 

Tony Chan talking with a debtor on 
his ceO phone while having lunch. 


BRIEFLY 


Protesters March 
In Hong Kong 

HONG KONG — More than 200 
opposition demonstrators, marched 
to the offi(» of Hong Kong s chief 
executive, Tong Chee-hw* on 
Thursday to call for more democ- 
racy in China. 

“Release all jailed democracy 
activists,” protesters chanted as 
they marched to the government s 
headquarters in the central business 

district . „ 

“Down with one-party Tote, 

they said, calling for an t0 
Communist PanyruJe in China, 
which resumed sovereignty over 
toe .former British colony in July 
last year. 

Two protesters waved tom 
Chinese and Hong Kong flags, as 
well as a Taiwanese flag. Mutil- 
ation of the Chinese flag or the 
Hong Kong flags after the haral- 
over, and the display of the 
Taiwanese flag in public areas are 
offenses under the territory's 
laws. (Reuters) 

Taiwan Official 
Visits Singapore 

SINGAPORE — Vice President 
Lien Chan of Taiwan arrived 
Thursday in Singapore for what 
Taipei rails a four-day private hol- 
iday, ignoring China’s displeasure 
at toe visit. 

Taiwan officials in Singapore, 
which has diplomatic ties with 
China and extensive investments 
there, also emphasized that this was 
a vacation. 

“The premier will just play golf 
with old friends here. It’s a very 
simple, private holiday,” said an 
official, who declined to be named, 
with Taiwan’s representative office 
in Singapore. 

Newspapers in Taiwan, how- 
ever, said Mr. Lien would play golf 
and Hinp. with Singapore’s leader- 
ship, in cluding Prime Minister Gob 
Chok Tong, Senior Minister Lee 
Kuan Yew and President Ong Teng 
Cheong. . • (Reuters) 

Beijing Bans Sale 
Of Leaded Fuel 

BEIJING — Beijing, one of the 
world’s most polluted cities, 
banned toe sale of leaded gasoline 
starting Thursday. 

China outlawed leaded gas in 
eight of its 18 districts and counties 
on June 1 . The new law extends the 
ban throughout toe capital and 
outlying areas. 

Auto emissions and use of coal 
for energy make Beijing China’s 
most polluted city and one of toe 
smoggiest in toe world, the United 
Nations Environment Program 
said. 

A World Bank report said that 
while Beijing has only one-tenth 
toe number of cars as Los Angeles, 
its auto emissions are almost as 
great. (AP) 

Blase in Australia 
Kills Fire Fighter 

SYDNEY — Forest fires 
sparked by lightning and holiday 
campfires raged Thursday in south- 
eastern Australia, kilting one fire 
fighter and seriously injuring seven 
others. 

The fire fighters were battling a 
blaze in a remote section of the 
Wingelio State Forest near Sydney 
when it flared suddenly, catching 
them by surprise. 

The fire was whipped by winds 
gusting «> more than 1 10 kilome- 
ter? an hour (70 miles an hour), toe 
authorities said.' 

The latest fire was one of 22 still 
burning in New South Wales. (AP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


PAGE 5 


EUROPE 


To the Chagrin of Foes , 
Jospin Is Riding High 

French Prime Minister Calls the Shots 


By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Service 


PARIS — France’s Socialist prime 
minister, Lionel Jospin, has President 
Jacques Chirac and his conservative op- 
position all tied up in knots six months 
after defeating them at the polls. 

4 'The real president these days is not 
Chirac, but Jospin,” a conservative 
member of Parliament fumed recently. 
The legislator was commenting on Mr. 
Jospin's ability to pick his way through 
the minefield of budget cuts, soaring 
unemployment and European fiscal 
policy that blasted Mr. Chirac’s protdgd, 
Alain Juppe, out of the prime-minister’s 
job in legislative elections last spring. 

Unemployment is still nearly as high 
as it was when the conservatives were in 
power, at 1 2.4 percent of the labor force. 
But by incessantly repeating that jobs 
were his first priority while quietly con- 
tinuing deficit-cutting measures that had 


made Mr. Juppe unpopular, Mr. Jospin 
has managed to keep ms ratings high, to 
the grudging admiration of his oppo- 
nents. Diplomats here say the balance of 

Youth Violence 
Hits Strasbourg 

Ctaf*Ja/ by Okr Staff Fnm Dupnrbo 

STRASBOURG — Youths roaming 
through Strasbourg set more than 50 
cars ablaze and threw. rocks at the police 
in a rampage of destruction on New 
Year’s Eve, the police said Thursday. 

France has been hit by a wave of 
youth violence in recent months, with 
many of the altercations caused by frus- 
trated young people without jobs. 

Young people also broke the win- 
dows of a cultural center in the suburbs 
of Strasbourg. It was the worst violence 
in the city in more than 20 years, said 
Patrice Magmer. prefect of the Bas Rhin 
department, of which Strasbourg is the 
capital. Twelve people between die ages 
of 13 and 20 were held for question- 
ing. 

A total of 53 vehicles were set ablaze. 
21 phone boxes smashed and 32 bus 
shelters damaged in and around the city, 
Mr. Magnier said. 

There were also scattered incidents of 
violence in some Paris suburbs during 
New Year celebrations, the police said. 

Stones were thrown at firefighters 
dealing wife car fires in fee Yvelines 
and Seine»Saint-Denis departments, fee 
police said. (AP, Reuters) 


power has clearly shifted from the pres- 
ident's office to the prune ministers. 

“Jospin and his ministers are callin g 
fee shots here now in foreign policy, the 
economy, and evetyfeing else,” one 
foreign diplomat said. *‘I have trouble 
persuading nay people back home that 
they shouldn't just be talking to Chirac 
and his aides, but to Jospin and his 
ministers as well.” 

Thar is apparently true in Washington. 
Mr. Jospin's aides say the prime minister 
is eager to go to Washington in 1998. but 
. has not yet received an invitation. 

The prime minister, 60, may lack Mr. 
Chirac’s suave gravity, but Mr. Jospin 
outmaneuvered fee conservatives in fee 
elections last spring, called after Mr; 
Chirac dissolved Parliament in hopes 
feat Mr. Juppe would get a fresh man- 
date from voters before they felt the bite 
from a uew round of spending cuts 
needed to qualify France for a common 
European currency in 1999. 

The election results made Mr. Jospin 
master of a sometimes unruly coalition 
of environmentalist. Socialist and Com- 
munist deputies in fee National As- 
sembly that has tested all his skill as a 
national leader. 

Mr. Jospin’s finance minister, Domi- 
nique Strauss-Kahn, helped by a recov- 
ery in the 1 French economy, juggled fig- 
ures wife agility and came up wife a 
budget that lodes likely to qualify France 
for the common currency and put a little 
more money into the pockets of wage- 

costsS insurance onto die rich. 

Mr. Jospin has not had a totally free 
ride, particularly on fee subject of his plan 
to introduce a 35-hour workweek after 
the turn of fee century, an idea feat many 
business leaders and conservatives warn 
will duke off whatever hope there was of 
getting France out of its unemployment 
rut But after Mr. Chirac warned against 
such “hazardous experiments,” Mr. 
Jospin retorted that “fee other head of the 
executive branch” had practically writ- 
ten fee book on those, by calling elections 
feat had backfired on him. 

The riposte appealed to fee French 
love of voltairean wit and it left op- 
position leaders spluttering. 

The head of Mr. Chirac's neo- 
Gaollist Rally for fee Republic party, 
Philippe Seguin, recently protested that 
having a prime minister from one party 
under a president from another one was 
“a detestable system.” But the con- 
stitution feat makes it possible was de- 
signed for Charles de Gaulle himself, 
and fee Gaullists are stuck with it for fee 
time being. 



nmoluVIpi' 11 

People visiting the scene of the Aug. 31 crash on Thursday in the tunnel under the Pont de r Alma in Paris. 

That Mystery Fiat in the Diana Crash 

Hunt Goes On for Driver About 40, Said to Have Zigzagged Out of Tunnel 


By Craig R. Whitney 

Ww York Times Sendee 


PARIS — French investigators are 
continuing their search for a white Fiat 
that may have brushed the Mercedes 
carrying Diana, Princess of Wales, just 
before fee crash feat killed her and two 
others, fee authorities said after reports 
about fee Fiat resurfaced in fee French 
press. 

The authorities said, however, that 
they still believed that excessive drink 
and high speed were what had made fee 
driver, Henri Paul, lose control of fee 
car, which smashed into a tunnel pillar 
on Aug. 3 1. Diana's companion, Dodi al 
Fayed, also died in the high-speed crash 
under the Place de 1' Alma, on fee right 
bank of fee Seine. 

Prosecutors detained nine photo- 
graphers and a motorcycle driver 
thought to have been pestering Diana 
and Mr. al Fayed for pictures that day 
and investigated the role they may have 
played in contributing to fee accident by 
giving chase after fee couple left the 
Ritz Hotel after dinner feat Saturday 
night. 


All 10 have since been released, and 
their lawyers have said that investigat- 
ing magistrates appear to be leaning 
toward blaming the high blood-alcohol 
level found in Mr. Paul's body for fee 
crash. That level, more than three times 
the legal limit, combined with a speed of 
150 kilometers an hour (90 miles an 
hour) in a 50-kilometer-an hour zone, is 
thought to have proved fatal on the 
twisting and uneven road surface of fee 
tunnel. 

Lawyers familiar with fee investi- 
gation confirmed a report in the Wed- 
nesday issue of Le Parisien that two 
witnesses had told fee police that they 
saw a white Fiat driven by a man about 
40, with a huge dog in the back seat, 
weaving out of the tunnel under fee 
Place de I'Alma at fee time of fee 
crash. 

The police earlier determined that a 
scratch on fee side of the Mercedes bore 
traces of white paint, probably from a 
Fiat Uno. They also found fragments of 
a tail li ght and rear-direction signal from 
a Fiat Uno near the support pillar that fee 
Mercedes slammed into. 

No Fiat Uno driver has come forward 


to acknowledge having been sideswiped 
or brushed or even seeing the crash, 
which took place just after midnight. 

The mystery encouraged many con- 
spiracy theories, of which fee most out- 
landish was that the Fiat driver had been 
in collusion with paparazzi to keep the 
Mercedes from outdistancing fee pur- 
suing pack, but had panicked after the 
larger car spun out of control. 

French authorities began questioning 
drivers of more than 3,000 Fiat Uno cars 
registered in the Paris region in early 
November but have not found the mys- 
tery vehicle, according to investigators. 
They have never said whether the search 
has been broadened to include thou- 
sands of other white Fiats registered 
elsewhere in France. 

Lawyers familiar with the investi- 
gation expressed doubt about fee re- 
liability of fee latest reports. They said 
two witnesses, identified only as Fran- 
cois and Valerie, had waited three 
weeks before going to fee police in late 
September to report seeing a white Fiat 
Uno zigzagging out of fee tunnel exit 
and making a noise as if fee muffler 
were damaged. 


Turkish Judge 
Permits Trial 
Of Key Figures 
In Big Scandal 


By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Times Senw* 

ISTANBUL — Two leading Figures 
in Turkey’s biggest modem political 
scandal may be tried for crimes they say 
they committed on behalf of fee state, a 
senior judge has ruled. 

Both men are members of Parliament 
and after it voted to lift their immunity 
from prosecution last month, they ap- 
pealed to the Constitutional Court. 

* 'The- requests of Sedat Bucak and 
Mehmet Agar are rejected.” the court's 
chief judge, Yekta Gungor Ozden, said 
Wednesday. He said the two men could 
be prosecuted for 4 ‘forming organiza- 
tions wife the aim of committing 
crimes.” 

The men were named in a report is- 
sued this year by a parliamentary com- 
mission investigating charges that suc- 
cessive Turkish governments have used 
death squads against Kurdish national- 
ists and other perceived enemies. Neither 
has denied involvement in what they 
describe as anti- terrorist work, but both 
have insisted that whatever they did was 
authorized by high-ranking officials. 

According to the parliamentary re- 
port. leaders of “slate gangs” were 
allowed to smuggle heroin and commit 
other lucrative crimes as payment for 
their work. 

The scandal erupted after a car crash 
in November 1996 near the Anatolian 
town of Susurluk. Mr. Bucak, who 
heads a pro-government Kurdish militia 
in war-tom southeastern Turkey, was 
the sole survivor. Two of fee victims, 
both of whom were traveling in fee 
same car with Mr. Bucak, were a senior 
police official and a convicted heroin 
smuggler wonted by Interpol and the 
Turlash police. 

Questions about what the three men 
were doing together led to a series of 
disclosures and charges that have grown 
into a scandal feat some believe could 
shake fee foundations of fee Turkish 
state. Senior military officers and oth- 
ers. however, have refused to cooperate 
with investigations and have urged that 
the matter nor be investigated because it 
could damage vital state interests. 

A public opinion survey taken this 
year under fee auspices of a member of 
Parliament found feat while two-thirds 
of Turks believe 4 ‘a politics-mafia-po- 
lice triangle really exists,” only 20 per- 
cent believe feat those involved will be 
punished. 


Handbag Bomb Wounds 3 in Moscow Subway 


QM&MtrOorSKfFmn Dopardus 

MOSCOW — A bomb in an aban- 
doned handbag exploded on a subway 
latform in central Moscow on New 
ear’s Day, wounding three subway 
employees. 

A subway motorman walking through 




an underground pedestrian passage at 
fee Tretyakovskaya Metro station no- 
ticed fee bag at 9:40 A-M., said Yevgeni 
Arzamastsev, a spokesman for the' Mos- 
cow Metro police. 

The driver brought fee bag to the 
station manager, who placed it near her 


BRIEFLY 


glass observation booth and left to find a 
police officer. 

The bag exploded a few minutes later, 
shattering fee booth. Die manager and 
two cleaning women were wounded by 
frying glass, Mr. Arzamastsev said. 

(AP, Reuters) 


Kohl Party Bars Link With Left 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s Christian Demo- 
crats kicked off Germany’s general election year on Thurs- 
day by dismissing a suggestion they could form a 4 ‘grand 
coalition” wife fee main opposition party. 

. The Christian Democratic (CDU) general secretary, Peter 
Hintze, slapped down a leader of fee Social Democrats 
(SPD) for saying a government composed of fee two big 
parties could not be ruled out after the September election. 

“The SPD lacks any sort of ability to govern at fee 
moment,” Mr. Hintze said in a statement. “A grand co- 
alition at' natio nal level is out of fee question for the CDU 
because a constructive contribution cannot be expected 
from the Social Democrats.” _ 

Gerhard Schroeder, fee politician viewed as the Social 
Democrats' most likely candidate for the chancellorship, 
was quoted in media reports as saying a grand coalition was 
not desirable but might have to be considered. (Reuters) 

Italy Intercepts 700 Adrift Kurds 

ROME — A ship carrying about 700 Kurds, but wife no 
captain aboard, was intercepted off southeastern Italy on 
Thursday, a day after President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro said 
Itifly's arms were “wide open” to immigrants seeking 

asyhmv V .. . .. 

The Coast Guard headquarters in Rome said the snip, 
called Comm and flying a Panamanian flag, was ® - 
tttcepted 3 kilometers (2 miles) offshore and was being 
escorted into the port of Otranto on the heel of Italy. 

■ A spokesman confirmed reports that there was no captain 


aboard an d that the ship had been drifting. It was not 
immediately clear where the Cometa had begun its journey 
but reports said it had sailed from Turkey. (Reuters) 

Pope Marks WoAd Day of Peace 9 

VATICAN CITY — Pope John Paul II marked fee New 
Year and fee Roman Catholic Church's World Day of Peace 
on Thursday with an appeal to strive harder for justice and 
reconciliation. 

“The church sees in the start of the new year under the 
sign of prayer for peace,” fee 77-year-old pontiff told the 
congregation during a New Year’s Day Mass in St Peter’s 
Basilica. 

Shortly after fee Mass, the Pope used an address to pilgrims 
in a packed St, Peter’s Square to hammer home his World 
Day of Peace message, that globalization of the world’s 
economy had to go hand-in-hand wife solidarity. (Reuters) 

19 Held After Polish Rampage 

WARSAW — Nineteen people were being held after a 
New Year’s rampage, in the southern Polish town of 
Glucbolazy, the police said Thursday. 

Dozens of drunken revelers started brawls, smashed 
windows with baseball bats, looted shops, destroyed a 
police van and sent police running for safety, the local duty 
officer said by telephone. 

Police reinforcements from neighboring towns brought 
fee situation under control after two hours. “The damage 
appears staggering, but if will take some time to tally up the 
actual losses," fee duty officer said. (Reuters) 


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.PAGE 6 


Friday; January 2 , 1998 

EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Hcralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


rUBI.IMIKD IV mi THE MCW KIRK 1IMKS VN(l THE UiMHNCTUK POST 


A Wish for 1998 


Perhaps the most striking thing 
about 1997 was its power to divert. 

The robust economy, the continued 
decline in crime and the blessed respite 
from terrorist violence on home soil 
gave America an opportunity to focus 
on intensely personal news events with 
little overarching import — the death 
of Princess Diana, the "nanny” trial 
and the birth of American septuplets. 

It seemed, in many senses, the best 
of times — even the prosperous, placid 
1950s had been overshadowed by the 
Cold War. Now the United States is the 
planet's only remaining superpower. 

its most ambitious hopes for fur- 
thering Middle Eastern peace or 
smoothing China's emergence as an 
economic and political power may not 
have been realized, but 1 997 was still a 
year marked by uneasy peace in places 
where the mere absence of aimed con- 
flict must be counted as achievement. 

At home, the stock market rose by 
more than 20 percent for the third 
straight year. It was no surprise that 
Wall Street traders ended 1W7 by re- 
leasing balloons in honor of the new 
horde "of millionaires that the market 
had created. 

But balloons eventually pop, and the 
very fact that the news seemed so re- 
lentlessly positive was a bit unnerving. 
If the economy in 1997 was as good as 
it gels, did that mean that 199S was 
bound to be worse? The end-of-the- 
year financial chaos in Asia, still 
threatening the world's ilth-largest 
economy in South Korea, seemed to 
some an unsettling omen of grimmer 
times to come. 

Every glowing statistic had a 
second, sobering face. Crime was 
down, but more police officers were 
dying in the line of duty — 156 in 
1997. compared with i 16 the year be- 
fore — and experts said one of the 
reasons was more powerful weaponry 
on the streets. In New York City, the 
epicenter of the war on crime, spec- 
tacular new brutality cases put a pall 
overall the Police Department’s genu- 
ine accomplishments. 

The economic boom produced little 
benefit for the poor. Welfare rolls 
plummeted but thousands of disabled 
children lost their federal benefits, and 
many hardworking legal immigrants 
were forced into me soup lines after 
losing their food stamps. 

In Washington. Congress patted it- 
self on the back for balancing the 


budget for the first rime in 30 years, 
rigorously, avoiding all the -evidence 
that it was the surging economy rather 
than the lawmakers' self-discipline 
that did the trick. 

Congress's overall public image con- 
tinued to be abysmal largely because of 
its contemptuous disinterest in reform- 
ing the campaign finance system. The 
Justice Department's failure to act on 
strong evidence of illegality in die Ctin- 
ton-Gore re-election campaign did 
nothing for public confidence, either. 
But the controversy turned Vice Pres- 
ident A1 Gore’s drive for the 2000 pres- 
idential nomination from what looked 
like a sure thing to a question mark. 

The president, for his pan, could 
point to high popularity in the polls, but 
the substantive record was mixed. He 
reacted angrily to charges that he had 
become a caretaker chief executive, 
coasting toward retirement on a sur- 
ging economy, the Dwight Eisenhower 
of foe baby boomers. 

He could point to some real achieve- 
ments, particularly in extending health 
coverage to more poor children. But 
his loss of foe fast-track legislation, 
postwar America’s most serious re- 
nunciation of its historic trade lead- 
ership, was a blow. 

Many of Bill Clinton's friends pre- 
dicted a rebound in 1998. Some spec- 
ulated that he has simply been suf- 
fering from midlife golf obsession or, 
more likely, the funk that plagues 
many affectionate parents when an 
only child leaves foe nest. While Mr. 
Clinton has more than half his term to 
go. 1998 will be foe year that de- 
termines whether he will be re- 
membered for anything more positive 
than ending the welfare safety net. 

Mosr Americans would be happy 
just to see foe next 12 months bring 
more of the same. Our wish is more 
ambitious. May continued prosperity 
inspire foe nation and its leaders with 
more generosity toward foe people 
who have no reason to send up bal- 
loons in honor of their financial for- 
tune. Americans face enormous chal- 
lenges in improving opportunity for 
poor children, in protecting the least 
able -from foe full brunt of an un- 
forgiving marketplace. 

Instead of being a waiting room for 
foe new millennium. 1998 could 
launch a spectacular, compassionate 
finale for the epoch. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Kenya Needs Fairness 


Attention focuses on Kenya because 
it is an African country that seemed to 
have a lot going for it but that has come 
into uncertain times, mostly for rea- 
sons of its own flawed leadership. 
Hence the concent over this week’s 
elections, which have added to the 
uncertainty even as they seem to be 
prolonging the leadership of Daniel 
arap Moi. As president already since 
197S, he must be held accountable for 
much of the East African country's 
unhappy loss of confidence and mo- 
mentum. The prospect of having him in 
office another five years diminishes 
confidence all around. 

By most accounts. Mr. Moi, who 
is 73 and calls himself "Africa’s fore- 
most professor of politics," did not 
just set out to cheat and bully his way 
to a fifth five-year term. Logistical 
difficulties traceable to the ballot print- 
er in England, plus a heavier than ex- 
pected turnout and heavy rains, must 
be added to the shenanigans and rough 
stuff that took place in some but far 
from all the voting places. 

Mr. Moi, whose party is considered a 
well-oiled patronage machine, is not 
just an old rogue but an old pro. Running 
against more than a dozen candidates 


mostly from smaller tribes, he was the 
presumptive favorite, notwithstanding 
foe alleged corruption, mismanagement 
and police heavy-handedness for which 
he has become known. The election 
monitors, domestic and international 
may well find Mm no more responsible 
than some of his opponents for foe 
irregularities widely reported. 

That is the shame of it. Thepeople of 
Kenya walked for miles ana stood in 
line for hours to vote, giving another of 
those demonstrations of electoral ardor 
that never fail to impress observers of 
elections in countries with not much 
democratic experience. The politi- 
cians, who often are corrupt ana ma- 
nipulative. are simply not doing their 
fair share to provide the efficient ad- 
ministration and consultative political 
leadership that foe people deserve. 

With each of the major presidential 
candidates now busy accusing the oth- 
ers of having gained no authentic man- 
date, the stage is set for further unrest 
Some lives have already been lost Mr. 
Moi is still the president. He should be 
providing foe fair and calming lead- 
ership that would help his country 
avoid going over the edge. 

— THE WA SHMGTOS POST. 


Other Comment 


Rapid Population Growth 

Rapid population growth in foe 
poorest countries remains the most 
pressing global demographic problem, 
despite a'deciine in annual increments 
in human numbers. The decline in 
growth is faster than anticipated be- 
cause of acceptance of family, plan- 
ning. delays of marriage and an in- 
crease in death rates, especially [due 
to] parasitic and infectious diseases. 

The slower rises in population, 
however, can be compared to a tidal 
wave surging toward coastal cities. 
Whether it is 80 feet or 100 feet high, 
the impact will be similar. 


Nearly 98 percent of foe annual in- 
crease that we are reporting for 1997 
occurred in countries of foe developing 
regions of foe world — those least able 
to withstand foe consequences of run- 
away growth, environmental degrad- 
ation, economic stagnation, hunger and 
malnutrition, urban deterioration, and 
high maternal and child mortality. 

Some 80 percent of foe world's pop- 
ulation now resides in the developing 
world. And some 74 countries are now- 
on u course to double their populations 
within less than 30 years. 

— WivmT Fur nos. president of the 
Population Institute, us quoted 
in The Washington Post. 


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• it ■ 


Stubborn Japan Is a BiePart of the Asian Problem 

JL C7 mmuiino trade surplus® 


W ASHINGTON — The Japanese 
have an almost infinite capacity 
for denial For most of the 1990s they 
have reassured themselves that their 
economy was fundamentally sound 
Despite feeble growth (barely more 
than l percent a year since 1992), un- 
employment stayed low because compa- 
nies were bath to fire longtime workers. 
Inflation was virtually nonexistent, and 
living standards remained high, even if 
they did not increase much. 

So the Japanese delayed dialing 
with their basic problems: a weak 
banking system and an economy in- 
capable of generating a consumer-led 
expansion. They are now reaping the 
whirlwind There is a real possibility of 
recession. That would hurt Japan and 
the global economy. 

Even the Japanese now sound 

frightened "A worldwide depression 

originating in Japan must not be 
triggered ’Prime Minister RyutaroHa- 
shunoto said when announcing a $15.4 
billion tax cpt to revive the economy. 

Critics wonder whether this and a 
program to bolster banks are enough to 
avoid a recession. But Mr. Hasbimoto 
is correct that a slump would endanger 
more than Japan. 

All of Asia’s economic casualties — 
South Korea, T hailan d. Indonesia, 
Malaysia and foe Philippines — need 


By Robert J. Samudson 

to export their way to recovery. They 
have depleted their foreign exchange 
reserves and accumulated huge over-, 
seas debts. To buy imports and service 
their debts — in other words, to keep 
their economies running — they need 
to earn more foreign exchange. 

A healthy Japan would help by 
providing an expanding market for their 
exports, but that will not happen. Even 
optimistic economic forecasts see mea-. 
gear growth for Japan in 1998. The In- 
ternational Monetary Fund, for example, 
recently predicted only 1 percent. 

Worse, Japan’s huge current account 
surplus mig ht increase slightly. The 
IMF estimates a rise from $95 billion in 
1997 to $99 billion in 1998. At.best, 
then, Japan will not buy many extra 
exports from the r&t of Asia. The 
United States and Europe will have to 
absorb most of foe increase. 

A Japanese recession would make 
everything worse. Japan would buy 
less from Asia and try to sell more 
itself. All countries would have a 
harder time reviving. 

This defines foe economic menace 
posed by Japan. Asia’s economic 
downturn might feed on itself: too 
many sellers chasing too few buyers. 


Topically, such production surpluses 
resolve themselves in two ways. High 
supply depresses prices, which ex- 
pands demand; and lower prices cause 
so me producers to become unprofitable 
and go bankrupt, which reduces supply. 
A new equilibrium materializes. 

For Asia’s ailing economies, higher 
demand is better than lower supply. The 
more, bankruptcies, the greater will be 
foe hyima p hardship and political costs. 

Self-deception ultimately explains 
Japan's pli gh t- Tokyo has never accep- 
ted tfaif change is in its interest and not 
merely a response to U JS. criticism. 

"There was a defined economic sys- 
tem well-greased to catching op with the 
West,” says economist Edward Lincoln 

of the Brookings Institution. It favored 

saving over consumption,, and bureau- 
cratic power over foe market The idea 
was to nourish efficient export industries 
with ample investment At home, gov- 
ernment would protect groups thigh- 
cost fanner s, shopkeepers, busi- 
ness cartels) foal anchored foe Japanese 
way of life, even though they kept con- 
sumer prices high. Social stability and 
economic growth seemed compatible. 

But by the mid-1980s this system 
was disintegrating. Japan has absorbed 
most known technologies. More im- 
portantly, exports could no longer 
drive expansion. The world could not 


absorb ever growing trade snntaji* 
They led to trade bamers or a higto-r 
ven^Japan never adjusted. to this shift. 
^ Anticompetitive practices that de- 
terred consumer spending were only 
slowly dismantled In the Untfwl 
States, consumption sperwJ 1 ng is 68 
percent of GDP; m Japan tt is 60 per- 
cent. So the economy stagnated, and 
that is now fraying Japan s punted 
social protections. Companies fail be- 
cause weak banks no longer support 
them. Lifetime employment erodes. 

The Japanese have avoided their 
new reality. Until recently, they en- 
couraged a lower yen in foe hope that 
lower-priced exports would ignite a 
trade boom. This was the familiar for- 
mula for growth; it was also an illusion. 
Exports benefited, but the effect was 
offiset by other weaknesses and some. 

^InApril^ government raised foe 
national sales tax from 3 to 5 percent* 
which devastated consumer and hous- 
ing spending. Japanese leaders brushed, 
aside warnings that foe tax increase 
was ill-timed. 

But why was a country that already 
nnderconsumes adding a new tax on 
consumption? Good question. Little 
wonder that Japan is part of foe Asian 
problem, and not foe solution. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


Let’s Try Reasoning Together Instead of Sounding Off f 


:r-j -.=*! 


P ARIS — Among foe sea- 
son's greeting cards was an 
unexpected one from a couple 
in Massachusetts who had 
been schoolmates with one of 
my daughters in foe frenetic late 
1960s. They added to foe usual 
message a generous note about 
my column, calling it ‘ ‘a voice 
of reason.” 

That is indeed my aim, and I 
am pleased, of course, to be told 
that it is welcome when so much 
of public discourse in so many 
pans of foe world, including foie 
United States, seeks to stir fierce 
emotion, and damn foe con- 
sequences. No need to give ex- 
amples, it is obvious that there is 
still a lively market for hate, 
bigotry, intolerance, revenge. 

But the choice of words sur- 
prised me. I have met foe couple 
a few times, at first with great 
reluctance. My daughter in- 
sisted that I include them in an 
invitation for dinner. 

They had been members of 
“Weathermen,” foe group of 
extremist protesters of that peri- 
od who seemed to be against 


By Flora Lewis. 


everybody and everything and 
had been responsible for some 
fatal bombings. I didn’t like foe 
idea of sitting down at foe table 
with terrorists. 

I asked them about it. They 
assured me that they had not set 
off any bombs and had no desire 
to kilL Still, foe group had been 
involved in violence and pro- 
fessed that foe “system” bad to 
be destroyed because reform 
wouldn’t work. 

• It was the time of increas- 
ingly intense opposition to the 
war in Vietnam. I agreed with 
that I had been to report on foe 
war several times. 

The first happened to be dur- 
ing the 1968 Tet offensive, 
which I considered a matter of 
luck for me because I did aot 
have to agonize over the con- 
tradictory. impassioned argu- 
ments from American and Sai- 
gon officials on one side and 
foeir opponents on foe other. I 
could just look and listen to foe 
behavior of ordinary people. 


and their wish was very dear. 

They didn’t rally to foe South 
Vietnamese cause when the VI- 
etcoug attacked foe cities. 
Neither, as foe Vietcong had 
evidently expected, did they 
rise and join foe insurgents. 
They just sought desperately, 
however they could, to get out 
of foe cross fire. What they 
wanted was the end of the war, 
not anybody's victory. 

The war didn't end that way, 
but it did end finally, seven years 
and millions of dead later. 

So my uneasiness with my 
daughter’s friends was not 
about being against foe war but 
about how to deal with civil 
strife in their own society. They 
were attractive, intelligent 
young people, and their extra- 
vagant ideas pained me. 

Later, as they engaged in nor- 
mal work and had children, I 
realized that they had calmed 
down, and came to like them. 
But I could not forget what they 
•had advocated. 


There had been a link in foe 
headlines over foe years with 
other extremists — Algeria, 
Oklahoma City, Unabomber, 
Bosnia, Afghanistan, Rwanda, 
Jerusalem, Chiapas. The list is 
long and sorrowfully unending. 
It isn’t a matter of numbers but 
of attitudes. 

Now they applaud a “voice 
of reason”! TTiat is mellowing. 

They don't demand imme- 
diate answers, they don't seek 
scapegoats. No doubt they have 
a lot to say about foe failings 
and faults of foe country they 
live in, bat they don't veot foe 
kind of mindless anger that only 
makes things worse. 

So it does happen, the value 
of reason can be learned. I won- 
der how it evolved in foeir par- 
ticular circumstances. 

I wonder if sometimes they 
think back to those turbulent 
years and ask themselves about 
foeir own feelings, about what 
pushed them and what might 
have restrained them, as I won- 
der about all those other people 
with knives and machetes and 


bombs who may survive and 
either mellow or go on hating. 

It is something we need to 
find out more about. Every case 
has its own special story, but the 
story of every case can help to 
understand what it is, if any- 
thing, that can strengthen the 
force of reason enough to resist 
the fury of violence. 

The simplistic answers — 
poverty, injustice, brutal ethnic 
memory, fanatic belief — do not 
suffice because most people 
with foe same grievances do not 
react in foe same way, and be- 
cause time changes perceptions. 

It is hard 1 to figure out just 
where foe watershed lies to 
make lives flow along the slope 
of reason or cascade down the 
chasm of horror. It does exist 
and it can be reinforced, en- 
couraged. How best to do it? 

1 am not at all sure, but I am 
convinced foot foe effort must 
never be abandoned, never 
slackened. There is so much to 
gain. That was a holiday card 
that did bring me cheer. 

Flora Lewis. 


lurundi . 


•; :A 

1 




IV 


A Safe Prediction: We'llKeep Hearing Inane Predictions 


L OS ANGELES — Not long 
ago, while momentarily 
suffering from end-of-cenhny 
fever, I agreed to give a talk on 
“sex and gender in foe next 
millennium.” Of course the as- ' 
signment was preposterous, 
considering how dramatically 
the rules of sexuality have 
changed in this century alone. 

Who, in 1897, could have 
predicted Dennis Rodman, 
Madonna, sex-chat rooms on foe 
Internet muscled women run- 
ning marathons and ponytailed 
men changing diapers? Who 
could have predicted foe pill 
cloning, the gay rights move- 
ment legions of women enter- 
ing business, politics and foe 
muitaiy, and legions of Chris- 
tian men marching on Wash- 
ington, promising to be faithful 
and also to wash foe dishes? 

Nowadays it's hard to make 
predictions for the next year, let 
alone far foe uext 1.000. Most 
turn out flat wrong because we 
extrapolate foe future from foe 
way things are now; unable to 


By Carol Tavris 


imagine foe event or discovery 
that will change foe world. 

At the end of foe last century, 
city planners in New York pre- 
dicted that traffic would soon 
come to a standstill. There 
would be far too many horses, 
and too many tons of manure, 
for anyone to be able to move. 

Throughout history, many 
experts who should have known 
better have likewise succumbed 
to the temptation to predict. 

In 1895, Lord. Kelvin, pres- 
ident of the Royal Society in 
England, said, “Heavier-tnan- 
air ' flying machines are im- 
possible.” 

In 1929, Irving Fisber, pro- 
fessor of economics at Yale, 
said, “Stocks have reached 
what looks tike a permanently 
high plateau.” 

In 1958, Thomas J. Watson, 
chairman of IBM, said, “I think 
there is a world market for about 
five computers.” 

And my all-time favorite: In 


1899, Charles H. Dueti, com- 
missioner of foe Federal Office 
of Patents, proposed that foe 
office be closed, on foe ground 
that * ‘everything that can be in- 
vented has been invented.” 

Predictions have not im- 
proved over time. According to 
the Skeptical Inquirers annual 
review of New Year's predic- 
tions by psychics, 1997 was 
supposed to be the year that 
Mick Jagger became a member 
of Parliament, Congress sus- 
pended foe baseball season after 
a brawl left dozens of people 
dead or wounded, Hillary Clin- 
ton got pregnant again, and 
Rush Limbaugh became a lib- 
eral Democrat after talking with 
Barbra Streisand. 

One thing you can predict 
with confidence is that human 
beings will continue making 
predictions, because we are a 
naturally anxious and insecure 
species that wants to know what 
foe future bolds. 


People Don’t Live by Economics Alone 


W ASHINGTON — It is a 
fashionable assumption 
that economic development by 
itself eventually improves hu- 
man rights conditions. 

Greater access to education, 
improvements in basic living 
and sanitary conditions, and foe 
provision of more jobs, it is 
argued, can enhance foe dignity 
and worth of a once oppressed 
people and lead its members to 
believe that they deserve more 
legal and political rights. 

When one views firsthand 
foe conditions in which impov- 
erished populations in many de- 
veloping countries live, this ar- 
gument seems to have merit. 

But once foe shining star of 
Africa and its hope for a more 
democratic future, Kenya has, 
under President Daniel arap Mol 
deteriorated into a impressive 
one-party state. Economic con- 
ditions have improved, but hu- 
man rights have dramatically de- 
teriorated and continue to do so. 

A fundamental difference be- 
tween economic forces and hu- 
man rights issues invalidates 
any linkage between them. 

This should have become ap- 
parent to the world in the former 
Soviet empire, when basic liv- 
ing conditions improved but 
political repression worsened. 
Satisfaction of material and 
economic needs was used to 
justify denying political rights 
and Oppressing the intangible 
aspirations of the spirit. 


By Kathleen Agena 


The West, where human 
rights initiatives originated, has 
perhaps lost sight of the fact that 
requirements of the human spir- 
it transcend purely economic 
considerations. We are allow- 
ing the economy and the values 
of the marketplace to dominate 
our personal and civic lives. 

This change has led us to 
fortify governments abroad that 
violate basic human rights, and 
to assist with security opera- 
tions that would not be tolerated 
within our own borders. 

Ultimately, foe ability to dis- 
tinguish between economic and 
human rights hinges on how we 
define human existence. Are we 
merely biological entities 
whose purpose is to satisfy our 
acquisitive and material needs, 
or are we something more? 

If foe answer is the former, 
then cruelty and barbarism will 
be tolerated if they result in 


Today foe world seems to be 
spinning out of control. How 
are we supposed to fight the 
impersonal corporate decisions 
that affect our daily lives when 
we can't even cope with those 
infernal voice-mail menus? 

No wonder so many people 
seek to restore a sense of control 
.by reaching for foe simplified 

X nations and forecasts pro- 
by demagogues, gurus, 
psychics and pseudo- scientists. 

Sophisticated urbanites are 
not immune. Last year, Smith- 
sonian magazine reported that 
hundreds of New Yorkers and 
other “urban New Agers” were 
using dowsing rods to decide 
“everything from stock market 
buys to whether they should re- 
spond to an ad in foe ‘Person- 
als.’" If New Yorkers are 
dowsing for stocks and dates, 
we can be sure font anxiety 
about money and love is up (and 
scientific literacy is down). 

Pseudo-scientific predictions 
are more appealing than foe 
sober predictions of science for 
two reasons. Pseudo-scientists 
speak in foe reassuring tones of 
certainty: This will happen. Sci- 
entists speak in the annoying 
language of probability. It is 
Iikety that this will happen. 

Most scientific predictions 
apply to groups or trends, not 
individuals or specific events. 
Thus, scientists can predict with, 
great accuracy -that smoking 
will increase the likelihood of 
earlier death, but they cannot 


Correction 

The commentary "A Tra- 
gic Vision for the Nation" 
(Dec. 31), by Jean Daniel, 
suffered an editing error. 
The correct reading: Of 
course, this coming year's' 
50th anniversary reminds 
us of other things, too. 


economic benefit, and atrocities 
will not induce us to act unless 
we can justify such action in 
economic terms. 

If the answer is foe latter, 
then there are principles which 
govern our lives that transcend 
economic considerations and 
are worthy of higher priority. 

There are moments in history 
when foe bypassing of econom- 
ic gain or even foe sacrifice of 
physical life may be necessary 
to uphold those principles. 

After an earthquake during 
foe Christmas season in Ar- 
menia a few years ago, someone 
brought a sparsely decorated 

tree and set it in amid foe rubble. 

Slowly, others began to bring 

objects for foe tree, often or- 

anges, which were scarce. A Villetle in plain clothes when he 
television reporter asked those saw two men beating a woman 

g athered around the tree why with all foeir strength. The po- 
iey had given up food to or- liceman took a step forward and 

slipped. The two ruffians, seeing 
him helpless on the ground, left 
the woman and commenced to 
attack the policeman, inflicting 
several serious injuries on Iris 
face with the heels of their boots. 
The men took to flight upon foe 
snivel of other policeman. Bec- 
quet and the woman are lying in 
a dangerous ' condition at the 
Lariboistere hospital. 


predict that any given smoker 
will get lung cancer. But most 
individuals want to know what, 
specifically, will happen to 
them. Science can’t say. 

Second, pseudo-scientific 
predictions are appealing be- 
cause they are based on intuition, 
faith, compelling anecdote or in- 
dividual experience. That makes 
them as unreliable as guessing, 
although they seem accessible, 
personal and dramatic. 

Scientists rely on statistical 
probabilities derived from ob- 
jective evidence. Thar makes 
foeir predictions often highly 
accurate, although they seem 
tentative, remote and en- 
cumbered with qualifications. 

Of course, it is harmless and 
fun to make silly predictions at 
the end of every year. But foe 
larger question — on what basis 
should we make predictions for 
ourselves and believe those 
made by others? — is serious, 
because it affects so many de- 
cisions, big and small, that we 
make about our lives. 

Scientists know what they 
cannot predict, whereas pseu- 
do-scientists will predict any- 
thing you ask them to. 

Care to join me in making 
any predictions about sex and 
gender in the next millennium? 


4ft, 

‘‘"I? -**• 



HOLIDAYS 







Cjuribbam 


The writer, a social psycho- 
logist and author of " The Mis- 
measure of Woman.” contrib- 
uted this comment to The' New 
York Times. 


IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1898: Narrow Escape 

PARIS — A policeman, named 
Becquet, had. a narrow escape 
from being killed on Thursday 

night [Dec. 30] in consequence 
of his devotion to duty. He was 


nament a rather scrawny tree. 

“There are things that are 
more important than food,” 
someone answered. 

“Such as?” the reporter 
queried. “Such as beauty and 
hope,” was foe reply. 


The writer, a former contrib- 
uting editor of Partisan Review 
who has served with ■ several 
United Nations agencies, is ex- 
ecutive director of The Undos 
Institute, which works on en- 
vironmental and other global is- 
sues. She contributed this com- 
ment to The Washington Post. 


1923: New Year’s Raid 

NEW YORK — New York had 
foe unusual New Year's Eve 
spectacle of local police forces. 


with prohibition agents from 
fois city and Washington, bust- 
hflg up and down Broadway in a 
fierce competition to raid cab- 
arets and restaurants. Every 
prominent place was visited and 
almost all yielded prisoners to 
foe West Forty-seventh street 
police-station. There - it ap- 
peared that several hundred per- 
sons had been arrested, but the 
majority of the crowd were 
raemly seeking to free friends 
who were under arresL 

1948: Bacteria Studies 

WASHINGTON _ President 
Truman’s office and the White ■ 
House have become proving 
grounds for scientific methods 
or reducing air-bome diseases, it 
was learned tonight [Jan. 1 1. Mi- 
croscopic studies of Agar plates 
taken from foe President’s office 
show that foe bacteria count is 
foe highest during press confer- 
ences - when more than 100 per- 
sons often jam into the roan.. 






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^ Moi, Leading 
| Kenya Vote, 
Warns Foes to 
: ; Accept Result 


OnpQfdbvOvrStr^bwmOopatciia 

NAIROBI — The Kenyan govern- 


ui Soiindiuv 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 

" INTERNATIONAL 




PAGE 


nous and warned that security officials 
would “deal swiftly- and firmly" with' 
those who tried to disturb the peace. 

The tough statement was issued as 
unofficial results kept President Daniel 
arap Moi in the lead with nearly half of 
the vote counted. 

‘ 'The government will noL tolerate or 
condone any acts of intimidation or pro- 
vocation of its citizens by those who 
may wish to ignore the wishes of -Ken- 
yans and incite them to plunge our 
peaceful and beloved country into 
chaos," it said. 

The statement came a day after two 
opposition leaders said that they would 
not accept a result giving Mr. Moi vic- 
tory and that the country was edging 
toward civil strife. 

The two, Mwai Kibaki of the Demo- 
cratic Party and Raila Odinga of the 
National development Party, said they 
would meet other opposition groups to 
map out a common stand against Mr. 
Moi and his ruling party. 

Bnt the government warned the op- 



Mwai Kibaki, left, and Raila Odinga, Kenyan opposition leaders, chatting Thursday before a press conference. 

position that they would face the foil flooded pans of North Eastern, Rift howled in protest. Bickering exploded 
weight of the law if they went ahead 'Valley and Coast provinces, an Elec- into a brief brawL Riot police pressed in. 


with the threat. 

“The government warns any leader 
or Kenyan who may be tempted to 
sidestep our constitutional process for 
their own selfish ends that any law- 
lessness will be deali with swiftly and 
firmly in accordance with our laws," 
the statement said. 

' Voting continued in at least 10 con- 
stituencies affected by floods, the Elec- 
toral Commission said Thursday, two 
days after it ordered an end to polling. 

The problems were concentrated in 


toral Commission spokesman said. 

All tbe flood-affected constituencies 
were strongholds of the ruling Kenya 
African National Union in the last elec- 
tions in 1992. 

In one sign of tension, riot police 
were deployed to protect uncounted bal- 
lots ana calm a dispute at a Nairobi 
counting center triggered by an addition 
error. 

Mr. Moi won by two votes, an elec- 
tion official announced. Kibalri support- 
ers, who had expected their man to win. 


Burundi Army Tracks Hutu Attackers 


Canjvlrdfn Our Firm Dtjpaxfirs 

NAIROBI — Burundi’s Tutsi-dom- 
inated artny is hunting a group of at least 
1,000 Hutu rebels who killed ISO people 
in an attack on a village and military 
camp near the Bujumbura airport on 
Thursday, a senior commander said. 

Colonel Jean-Bosco Daradangwe, 
the commander, said that the army had 
stepped up operations against the rebels, 
who attacked at 4 AM. and engaged the 
army in battle for an hour. 

“We are hunting them down," he 
said. “We are stepping up operations 
with more troops and I have no doubt we 
'will catch up with them." 

Colonel Daradangwe added that the 
army had killed. 30 rebels while losing 
only one soldier. 

' He charged that the rebels had at- 
tacked as port of a broader strategy to 


destabilize governments in Burundi, 
Rwanda and Democratic Republic of 
the Congo and that they were pillaging 
villages as they retreated. 

“They are attacking anything on their 
way out They are killing indiscrim- 
inately be it Hutu or Tutsi They are also 
forceftjlly taking people with them as 
they retreat" 

The colonel described the attack as 
the biggest yet by Hutu rebels, who have 
been fighting the army since 1993. 

He said that the army was still finding 
wounded villagers and that the death toll 
could rise as soldiers combed the bush. 
Many people had life-threatening 
wounds, he said. 

lieutenant Colonel Mamert Sinarinzi 
told the Burundian radio that the rebels 
had retreated north through Gitaramu 
village, where at least 1 00 civilians were 


reported to have been killed in combat. 

Colonel Sinarinzi said “human 
losses are very heavy" but still being 
counted 

Colonel Daradangwe said the Hutu 
force had come from Congo and 
Rwanda to reinforce comrades in Bu- 
rundi. 

The Tutsi-dominated armies of 
Rwanda and Burundi helped Laurent 
Kabila's farces topple the dictator 
Mobutu Sese Seko last year in what was 
then Zaire and install Mr. Kabila in 
power. 

Burundi has been crippled by ethnic 
massacres since it gained independence 
in 1962 alter years of administration by 
Belgium. 

Ethnic Hutu are believed to make up 
around 85 percent of the population, 
with the rest Tutsi. (Reuters, AP ) 


howled in protest. Bickering exploded 
into a brief brawL Riot police pressed in. 
truncheons and battered shields raised. 

Nervous onlookers shouted, “Peace, 
peace," and the battle swiftly ended. 

After a recount, Mr. Kibaki won with 
17.154 votes to Mr. Moi’s 16.651. 

Uncertainty was heightened by con- 
flicting unofficial results pouring out of 
the media — the state broadcasting net- 
work, the private channel KTN and the 
country’s three leading newspapers. 

The commission, whose, embattled 
chairman, Samuel Kivuitu. refused to 
resign on Wednesday, said the law for- 
bids it from issuing partial presidential 
results. But the plethora of unofficial 
results agreed on one thing: Mr. Moi, at 
age 73 and in power since 1978, is the 
favorite to win a fifth and final five-year 
term. 

With unofficial results reported from 
69 percent of constituencies, Mr. Moi 
held a nearly 336,000-vote lead, the 
private Kenya Television Network re- 
ported. Mr. Moi had 1,686,742 votes, 
followed by Mr. Kibaki, a former vice 
president, had 1,351,164, and Mr. 
Odinga 560,594. 

Michael WamaJwa trailed with 
383,421 votes, and Charity Ngilu, 
Kenya's first plausible female candi- 
date, had 228 . 284 , KTN reported. 

Partial results, official or not, are mis- 
leading, since strong regional and tribal 
loyalties blur the national pattern. 

Mr. Moi was way ahead in his Rift 
Valley Province, Kenya's most pop- 
ulous. Mr. Kibaki, from Kenya’s largest 
tribe, the Kikuyu, was dominant in Cen- 
tral Province, and Mr. Odinga led 
among his Luo tribe in Nyanza. 

(Reuters, AP) 


Massacre of 78 
In Holy Month 
Dazes Algeria 

Reuters 

PARIS — Algeria’s latest massacres, 
in which 78 villagers died overnight on 
Tuesday and Wednesday, brought more 
shock and despair to Algiers. 

“There are small groups of people 
near kiosks discussing the killings, read- 
ing about them in the one newspaper. Le 
Matin, that came out today.' ’ an Algerian 
resident said on New Year's Day. 

"I heard one say quite despairingly. 
Tt's Ramadan and the start of the year 
and the killings go on.* " 

Ramadan is the holiest month of the 
Islamic calendar, when devout Muslims 
fast from dawn to sunset. But in Algeria 
it has become one of the most feared 
times for civilians as Muslim rebels 
argue that it is propitious for what they 
call their “holy" struggle. 

Up to 600 civ ilians have died in 
bombings, ambushes and massacres 
during the holy month of past years, and 
while other months have been bloodier, 
victims then have included hundreds of 
rebels killed in government military of- 
fensives. 

Algeria’s press agency, in three brief 
statements issued within two hours 
Wednesday, quoted security forces as 
saying a total of 78 villagers had been 
killed overnight in three hamlets in the 
western province of Relizane. 

Relizane lies 240 kilometers (150 
miles) west of Algiers, whose outskirts 
and neighboring provinces have for 
months been one of the main areas of 
violence and massacres. 

Officials have blamed much of the 
slaughter in Algeria on the Armed Is- 
lamic Group, which is strongly im- 
planted in Aimers, neighboring Blida 
Province, the farming area of Mitidja. 
and the west. 

The violence, in which more than 
65,000 people have died, started after 
the authorities in January 1992 canceled 
a general election dominated by radical 
Islamists. 

In the Relizane Province massacres 
over Tuesday night. 29 people died in 
Sahnine, 28 in neighboring Tayeb ham- 
let and 21 were killed in Kherarba vil- 
lage, the official statements said. 

The security forces said that in the 
three attacks a total of 73 people were 
wounded, 25 critically. 

The massacre brought to more than 
400 the number of civilians killed at 
roadblocks, in village raids and in 
bombings in 20 days. 


BRIEFLY 


Kaunda Assigned 
To House Arrest 

LUSAKA Zambia — Former 
President Kenneth Kaunda spent 
New Year’s Eve isolated from his 
friends and family after being re- 
leased from prison and put under 
house arrest Wednesday. 

Mr. Kaunda’s youngest son, 
Kaweche, said Thursday that the se- 
curity police had cut the telephone 
line at die former president’s res- 
idence and ordered family members 
except his wife to leave die house. 

President Frederick Chiluba an- 
nounced Mr. Kaunda's release 
from prison, where he had been- 
held smee Christmas Day. but put 
him under house arrest Wednesday 
on suspicion that he was involved 
in plotting a coup. 1 Reuters} 

Chinese Embassy 
Opens in Pretoria 

PRETORIA — Amid speeches 
and Champagne. China launched 
diplomatic relations with South 
Africa on Thursday as it opened its 
embassy, hours after Taiwan closed 
its own diplomatic mission. 

The Chinese foreign minister, 
Qian Qichen, pledged a new era of 
cooperation between China and 
South Africa as he declared his 
embassy officially open. Three 
blocks away, the flagpole in front of 
the Taiwanese Embassy was bare, 
having been lowered for the last 
time the previous evening as the 
embassy shut down, becoming in- 
stead the Taipei Liaison Office. 

Severing diplomatic tics with 
Taiwan was a condition imposed by 
Beijing in the accord establishing 
relations with South Africa. {API 

For the Record 

Riot police stormed a jail where 
inmates were holding 600 hostages 
near Sao Paulo, ending a three-day 
standoff. One police officer was 
hurt, and there were no reported 
injuries to the hostages. (LAT) 

The U.S. Geological Survey 
said 17 major earthquakes killed at 
least 2,913 people in 1997. com- 
pared with 2,464 people killed by 
21 major quakes in 1996.( Reuters) 


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INTERIVAXIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE 
FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


KIDS 


Breast-Feeding Mores 

In France, O.K., but in England. . . 


By Susan Keselenko Coll 

W ASHINGTON — When 
Emily Adair was walk- 
ing through- die tea fields 
north of Nairobi with a 
fussy two-and-a-half-month-old baby, 
one of the local children made a sug- 
gestion: “Give him the milk/ ' the child 
said, pointing at the American woman’s 
breast. **1 felt quite chastened,” Adair 
! recalls, “and 1 sat down and nursed.” 
Traveling with an infant who is still 
breast-feeding is in many obvious ways 
ideal: Yon don't need to worry about 
’purifying water, cleaning bottles, and 
procuring infant formula in different 
.parts of the world. 

Not all people, however, are as tol- 
erant of the sight of a breast-feeding 
mother as the Kenyan children. While the 
reaction you are likely to get while nurs- 
ling in public depends as much on your 
ability — and willingness — to be dis- 
f creet, prevailing cultural attitudes may 
also color your experience. 
u * ‘It’s a uniquely 20th century 
issue,” said Dia Michels, co- 
author of ‘‘Milk, Money and 
Madness: Culture and Politics 
of Breastfeeding.” Not only 
have attitudes toward breast- 
feeding changed as a result of 
the widespread availability of infant for- 
mula, but the emergence of women in 
the public arena, infants often in tow, 
has made nursing in public both prac- 
tical and necessary. 

Not all cultures have trouble dealing 
with these changes. Sweden, Norway 
and Denmark, for example, have among 
the highest rates of breast-feeding in the- 
industrialized world, and when and 
where Scandinavian women nurse is 
generally not an issue. When Michels 
visited Sweden recently, she explained, 
there was no context for her work pro- 
moting breast-feeding. “To them it was 
like being obsessed with the brushing of 
teeth," she adds. 

A RECENT incident in En glan d, 
on the other hand, in which a 
Labour council member was 
asked to remove her breast-feeding in- 
fant from a meeting, is typical of British 
views on nursing in public. Mary Smale, 
a breast-feeding counselor and tutor for 
the National Childbirth Trust in East 
Yorkshire, explained that “in Britain, 
it's possibly tolerated if you are very 
good, which means discreet.” Still, she 
said, “it’s always conditional A wom- 
an never knows when she’s going to be 
stopped.” 

In England, Smale added, “There’s a 
ghettoization of breast-feeding. You 
can do it in the loos.” 

* Generally speaking, public breast- 
feeding is equally frowned on in the 
United States, which Mary Lofton, a 
spokeswoman for La Leche League, 
categorized as "basically a bottle-feed- 
ing culture." 

Susan Swagler, who lives in Home- 



wood, Alabama, recalls that she was 
asked to stop breast-feeding her baby 
when visiting a Washington museum. 
“I had a bottle of juice,” she explains, 
* 'When I brought up the bottle they said 
’no food allowed,’ so I said ‘fine' and 
nursed. They got upset and said I had to 
go to a bathroom.” 

Julie Mariotti, who traveled in Cen- 
tral America and in France when her 
children were infants, also found less 
tolerance of nursing in the United States 
than abroad. She breast-fed in Panama 
and Costa Rica, she says, and never felt 
awkward. “People are really indulgent, 
especially in countries where kids are 
king.” Mariotti also had no problem 
nursing in-France, she says, “where it’s 
a natural and accepted thing.” 

But in many countries where breast- 
feeding is the cultural norm, it is not 
always something that is seen in public. 
Elizabeth Walther, breast-feeding pro- 
mams director for the Tokyo Childbirth 
Education Association, has lived in Ja- 
pan for more than 10 years, but says she 
has only seen Japanese women 
nurse in public two times. Part 
of die reason, Walther ex- 
plained, is that Japanese wom- 
en are advised to stay home for 
a complete month after the 
baby's birth, and after, that, 
“outings are pretty much re- 
stricted to the park, the local grocery, 
and a friend’s house or two.” 

Japanese ntiNM Walther also says 
that the current trend in Japan is to 
combine breast-feeding and bottle feed- 
ing beginning when tee baby is about 
one monte old, which contributes to 
early weaning. 

Walther also observes that Japanese 
do not tend to eat in public, generally. 
"While we would think it is no big deal 
to eat a packet of M&Ms on tee train, 
they will stare at anyone doing so — 
another reason why they don’t feed their 
babies in public.” 

In some developing countries, writes 
Claire Tristam in her book, “Have Kid, 
Will Travel,’ ’ where it is otherwise dif- 
ficult for women to travel, there is an 
unexpected sensitivity to nursing moth- 
ers. In countries with strict Muslim 
codes, she notes, “you will often have 
the most positive experiences as a nurs- 
ing mother.” 

Sometimes, the sight of a nursing 
mother is simply a novelty. When 
Michels visited China with her infant, 
she says, she sat on a beach at the 
S umme r Palace in Beijing and began to 
nurse. A few; people gathered around 
her, and then a few more, until she had 
drawn a small crowd. 

“It was confusing because they have 
universal breast-feeding,” she says, but 
teen she realized that itwas not tee act of 
nursing, per se, teat they had gathered to 
witness , but rather teat 4 ‘anything West- 
erners did was fascinating.” 

Susan Keselenko Coll is a Washing- 
ton-based writer. 


MOVIE GUIDE 


Tomorrow Never Dies 

Directed by Roger Spottiswoode. UX. 
After 55 years and 17 movies, no one 
goes to James Bond films in search of 
mind- shattering surprises. ‘Tomorrow 
Never Dies" isn’t one of the great 
Bonds, by any means. But it’s familiar, 
flashy and enjoyable in all tee right 
places. Hey, just the sight of those circles 
arranging themselves into the 007 logo at 
tee beginning of tee movie, as the well- 
known Bond theme rumbles away, is 
enough to whet tee appetite. But I'm 
ready to fall asleep when tee time comes 



some other pleasures: The casting of tee 
charming Michelle Yeoh, for example, 
as Wai L in , tee Bond “good” girl, ue., 
the one who will team with him and resist 
his charms until — well, you know. As 
the one-dimensional Carver, Pryce 
doesn’t have much to work write. But he 
has a wonderful moment when, before 
tee captured Wai Lin, he sarcastically 
mimics her whooping, fist-swinging 
kung-fu style. The best elements for my 
money, are tee stunts, which are chiefly 
the work of tee second-unit director, Vic 
Armstrong. At one point. Bond and Wai 
Lin — who are handcuffed together — 
leap on to a BMW motorbike and at- 
tempt to escape a relentless helicopter by 
ring through teeming masses in 


Alex D. Linz in Home Alone 3.” 

to storm the fortress; hate the fortress. 
When one of Her Majesty's boots is 
destroyed in Vietnamese waters — ap- 
parently by Chinese MiG jets — Bona s 
investigation leads him to Elliott Carver 
(Jonathan Pryce), a British media mogul 
on tee verge of launching a global news 
network. It seems that Carver’s tabloid 
newspaper (called Tomorrow) bad its 
headlines ready before anyone an- 
nounced the incident As Bond, Pierce 
Brosnan takes us through this mission 
with panache, an unpretentious attitude 
and some excellent Brioni suits. Sexu- 
ally speaking, he’s still an old rascal, but 
his bedroom capers are too chaste to 
really offend parents. And he kills only 
in the line of dnty. You have to like the 
guy. We know walking in that Bond will 
exploit tee sophisticated gadgetry sup- 
plied by his irascible armorer, Q (Des- 
mond Llewellyn); that there will be 
yrnal encounters — one of them with 


: hair-raising stunts involving tee de- 
uction of Q’s precious vehicles (in this 
»e, a remote-controlled, bulletproof 
4W), the funny lines, the exotic loc- 
s and teat aforementioned battle at tee 
me lord's impregnable lair. There are 


speedi _ 

claustrophobic Asian streets. These 
scenes are where Bond films earn their 
money. And if you’re game, teat’s tee 
reason to go. (Desson Howe, WP) 

Home Ajlone 3 

Directed by Raja GosneU. US. 

It was a shrewd studio executive who 
decided that the "Home Alone” series 
didn’t require tee towheaded, hooded- 
eyed screen presence of Macaulay 
Culkin to stay alive and kicking. As 
‘‘Home Alone 3” vigorously demon- 
strates, all the franchise really needs to 
keep going is a charismatic child (Alex 
D. Linz has replaced Culkin) with no 
great acting skills but loads of pseudo- 
mnocent chubby-cheeked adorability. 
Put sophisticated remote-control gad- 
getry at the boy’s fingertips, and get a 
director (the newcomer Raja Gosnell) 
with a feel for the kind of knockabout 
farce teat makes grown-ups look like 
fools, and you have a refreshed formula 
teat’s good for at least one more episode 
and maybe two. Providing crucial con- 
tinuity is John Hughes, who master- 
minded tee first two "Home Alones” 
and is co-producer and writer for Part 3- 
“Home Alone 3” is essentially a good- 
natured repeat of the blockbuster orig- 
inal, but with a different all-American 
family (the Pruitts have replaced tee 
McCallisters) in an upscale Chicago 
suburb. The movie exploits the gen- 
eration gap in technological know-how 
between today's computer-wise whiz 
kids and their parents. In making Alex a 
mechanical marvel, tee movie strokes 
children's fantasies of remote-control 
omnipotence while reassuring working 
parents teat their children, equipped 
with the latest in telecommunications 
gadgetry, will be resourceful enough to 
amuse themselves an d , if necessary, 
ward off danger when they are not 
around. (Stephen Holden. NYT) 



For anyone who has been tantalized by Tarzans terrain . Tanzania's 15,000 square-kilometer national wildlife sanctuary will not disappoint 

Serengeti, Suffused With Splendor 


By Nick Stout 

tmenurioiul Herald Tribune 




RUSHA, Tanzani a — 
“Look! There’s a hyena!” 
“Isn’titajackal?” Our guide 
stopped tee Land Rover and 
calmly picked up his binoculars. 
“That,” he declared with confidence, 
“is a bat-eared fox.” • 

A what? 

Bat-eared foxes, as it toms out, are 
twilight creatures not often seen in mid- 
afternoon. They are recognizable to 
trained eyes by theiroversized ears and 
large, bushy taiL But what did we 
know? 

There is nothing more serendipitous 
than a safari in tee Serengeti sanctuary, 
Tanzania’s vast national wildlife park. 
Covering almost 15,000 square'tilo- 
meters (6,000 square miles) and ex- 
tending even further into the Masai 
Mara Game Reserve in Kenya, tee sanc- 
tuary is home to millions of migrant 
mammals and nearly 500 species of 
birds. For anyone who has been tan- 
talized by Tarzan’s terrain, tee Seren- 
geti will not disappoint 
Safaris may be arranged at any time 
of the year for almost any duration, but 
they are arguably more fun on dry turf 
than wet Late November was the sea- 
son of tee “short rains,” the brief down- 
pours that occur just when tee picnic is 
put out The short rains are annoying 
but, we were assured, not nearly as 
depressing as the long rains of ‘April and 
May, when tee Tanzanian skies let loose 
for days on end. It rained during each of 
our five days in the wild, but there was 
plenty of sunshine, too. 

SAVinr Birou comfort From the 
safety (though certainly not comfort) of 
our Land Rover with its retractable can- 
vas roof, our group of four plus the 
driver covered a good part of what is 
known as the Serengeti ecosystem. In 
addition to tee Serengeti reserve itself, 
this included an afternoon in LakeMan- 


yara National Park, with its tree-loving 
lions and famouspool of hippos; a i 
at tee Olduvai Gorge anthropologic 
site, where science’s Adam left his 
■ slculL and two days in the Ngarongoro 
-Conservation Area, including its spec- 
tacular volcanic crater, 20 kilometers 
(12^ miles) wide and 600 meters (2,000 
feet) deep, where Masai herdsmen co- 
exist with just about every anim al 
known to Africa. 

Setting out from tee town of Arusha, 
die mam gathering point for Serengeti 
safaris, our caravan of six vehicles fol- 
lowed tee paved highway fix 1 abbot a 
half-hour, stopping en route to buy some 
soapstone and ebony figurines atone of 
those ubiquitous souvenir centers teat 
accepts credit cards and offers world- 
wide shipping. Then, taming off the 
main road onto a bumpy, imddy path, 
we said good-bye to asphalt for good. 

The Land Rover now took some get- 
ting used to as it coped with the contours 
of the clay. One passenger compared tee 
experience to harecback riding. There is 
a natural artistry to the African atmo- 
sphere along this route, the rich wet 
grassland green contrasting vividly with 
the rusty red-clay roads. We passed 
through tee farms of Mto Wa Mbu, 
known for their banana beer, and 
reached our fiist resting place. teeKirur- 
umu Tented Lodge.- in time for lunch. 

The twin-bedded tents, with electri- 
city and indoor plumbing (internal zip- 
per flaps ensure privacy), provided tee 
illusion of camping with the comforts of 
a modem bungalow. Properly spaced to 
provide a sense of seclusion, tee tents 
were set on a hillside overlooking tee 
scenic Rift Valley that extends north- 
ward into Kenya. If I had had an extra 
day, I might well have spent it on my 
veranda with a serious supply of scotch 
and soda. 

Alas, time was short, so after a hur- 
ried lunch, we drove in the rain to the 
Lake Man yarn park. The on -again, off- 
again roof was open when we spotted 
two lions sprawled on the limbs of a 


large tree that extended to the road. 

Couldn ’t they just jump into our Land 
Rover, I wondered? They probably 
could, but they didn't seem interested. 

Abundant with baboons, although in- 
creasingly empty of elephants. Lake 
Manyara National Park probably de- 
serves more than an afternoon. We did 
succeed in finding the famous pool of 
hippos just as the sun was sinking. 
Dozens of teem were playfully splash- 
ing about and projecting their enormous 
yawns. Soon, when it was dark, they 
would emerge from tee water to con- 
sume — each of them — about 50 
kilograms (120 pounds) of vegetation. 

The next day was a session' of stop 
and go. checklist at hand as we dif- 
ferentiated, with tee help of our guide, 
between watexbuck ana topi, or reed- 
biK:kandldipspringei'. ’ "•'•■‘T’ 

F OR two days on tee plain, we 
chased.cbeetahs, hunted hyenas 
and gazed at gazelles. We 
watched a baby giraffe outrun a 
hungry lion, and came upon tee remains 
of a wildebeest that was not so fortunate. 
We passed by. a grandpa buffalo, and 
while I was fixed on his curious, curly 
horns (they reminded me of a Spanish 
civil guardsman’s hat), our guide zeroed 
in on tee animal's eyes. “Look how red 
they are,” he said. “He’U be dead by 
tomorrow.’’ 

Wrong. Next morning grandpa was 
still standing guard over his herd. 
Speaking of hems, there was nothing to 
compare to the wildebeest — or gnu, to 
those in the know, in the Serengeti, 
there can be thousands at a glance and 
more than a million all told. The most 
prehistoric-looking of all tee antelopes 
— sort of a humorous hybrid of horse 
and heifer — the wildebeest just grazes 
contentedly, taking in more grass per 
mouthful than any other herbivore. 

Not only lions and wildebeest ear well 
in these parts. The cooks at the Lobe 
Wildlife Lodge, an inconspicuous lux- 
ury hotel cleverly hidden among rocks 


on the Serengeti’s northern edge, know 
better than anyone how to grill a wart 
hog or a topi. The vegetarians in our 
group did not get their money's worth. 

not quite EDEN From the Lobo grill 
we headed ■ back .toward the great 
“cooking pot,” which is what tee an- 
cient tribesmen thought the great crater 
looked like when they named it 
something akin to what has become 
Ngarongoro. People have written also 
- aboutamodem GardenofEden.lt is not 
quite teat, but there are few places 
where man and beast live in such har- 
mony. Unlike tee Serengeti reserve, 
which is off limits to human settlers, the 
Ngorongoro crater is open to the M&sai 
nomads. 

. . Thp main attraction here Is tee black 
rhina. Only 20 or so remain of iriore than 
100 just 30 years ago, and some of them 
are affectionately named. “There’s 
Fansta,” our driver said excitedly, peer- 
ing through binoculars at a tiny spot on 
tee horizon. She is known for her V- 
shaped hams and concave back. 

Arusha is teeming with touts offering 
safaris of all stripes and colors. Beware. 
Many of these so-called safari compa- 
nies will happily take your money but be 
nowhere to be found the next day when 
you show up for tee trip. Tanzanian 
tourist authorities can supply lists of 
reputable safari operators. We were 
quite pleased with ours. The Safari 
Company, which arranges safaris to or- 
der. The company has a team of well- 
trained E n glis h -speaking guides, and I 
cannot imagine anyone better rh*n 
Waziri Williams. Ask for him. 

Prices for a group of four average 
between $1,300 and 52,800 per person, 
depending on tee type and length of 
safari. This includes full board at the 
lodges and camps, national park fees, 
ground transport and guides. For more 
information contact The Safari Com- 
pany, P. O. Box 207; Arusha, Tanzania; 
teL- 255-57-3935; fax: 255-57-8272; e- 
mafl: mia@habari.co.tz. 


haem 


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'*-*:* ; - ’ 
fi*:,.. - 




In San Diego, Sights Beyond the Super Bowl 


>*NT 





By Todd S. Purdum 

New York Times Service 




AN DIEGO — For much of 
1997, San Diego was in the 
national spotlight for sensa- 
_ tional reasons, first because of 
tee mass suicide of the Heaven’s Gate 
cult in nearby Rancho Santa Fe, and 
teen as a stop in tee nationwide manh unt 
for Andrew Cunanan, who hustled his 
way through the bars of the Hillcrest and 
La Jolla sections before finding infamy 
as tee presumed murderer of G ianni 
Versace. But 1998 brings a happier oc- 
casion for international hoopla. Super 
Bowl XXXQ on Jan. 25. 

And tee thousands of fans who pour 

into a newly expanded and renamed 
Qualcomm Stadium will doubtless dis- 
cover all over a g ain the many pleasures 
of the once-sleepy navy town that is 
now the United States’s sixth-largest 
dty, home to a fabled zoo and some of 
tee best beaches and golf courses in the 
world. Rapid growth has chang ed San 
Diego dramatically, but has not ruined 
tiie charm of tee sweeping harbor and 
^ ragg ed hills to the cast And from the 
restored Gas lamp Quarter in the old . 
downtown to suburban shopping plazas, 
the dty is bustling. 

Like the rest of Southern California, 
San Diego’s sprawling neighboriioods 
are linked by a network of busy freeways. 
And there is much ground to cover be- 
tween the shimmering sands of Coronado 
and tiie dramatic bluffs above La Jolla. 

As Super Bowl planning began long 
ago. the only remaining tickets must be 
obtained through brokers or local lot- 
teries. 


Related events include Super Sail 
XXXH on Jan. 17, with yacht races by 
football stars and celebrities on San 
Diego Bay, which visitors may watch 
from Embareadero Park. The Gaslamp 
district downtown will be tee site of 
Qualcomm Super Fesr XXXII on Jan. 
23 from 6 PJvL to midnight and Jan. 24 
.from 10 A.M. to midnight, with booths, 

' a beer garden and strolling jugglers and 
musicians. 

Winter is the time for San Diego’s 
most striking natural phenomenon: the 
annual migration of thousands of gray 
whales from Alask a to tee balmy breed- 
ing grounds of Baja California. Be- 
tween now and mid-March about 
15,000 whales make tee trip, and in 
mid-January, as many as 200 a day have 
been counted off San Diego’s 70-mile 
(110-kflometer) coast. The Birch 
Aquarium in La Jolla offers two- and 
two-and-a-half-hottr cruises on week- 
ends from Jan. 24 to Feb. 16, with 
narrations by a naturalist 

Operas and Aiitos 

In Jammy and February, the San 
Diego Opera will present two woks at 
the Civic Theater at 202 C Street 1 ‘The 
Barber of Seville” 'on Jan. 24, 27, 30, 
and Feb. 1 and 4 and “Salome” on Feb. 
14, 17, 20 and 22. 

The 1998 San Diego Internati onal 
Auto Show, in the San Diego Con- 
vention Center, 111 West Harbor Drive, 
draws models never seen before, from 
Feb. 18 to 22. 

Depending on rainfall, tee annnaj 
bloom ofwiWflowers in tee desert can be 
spectacular, and tee Anza-Borrego 


% 


Desert State Park is a good spot for 
' viewing. The park is about two boms’ 
drive from downtown San Diego cm 1-8. 

Just across a soaring bridge from 
downtown San Diego lies Coronado, a 
slender spit of land that is home to the 
Navy Seals and has been a resort colony 
for a century. The most visible landmark 
here is rite red-roofed riot of Victorian 
frame architecture known as the Hotel 
Del Coronado, which has played host to 
lu mi naries from Edward VIH to Bill 
Clinton. On Tuesday, Thursday and Sat- 
urday at 11 A^L, 90-minute walking 
tours of tee area leave from the Glorietta 
Bay Inn; they give a good idea of what 
this sleepy outpost was iike in the days of 
bustles and bowlers. Included is tee soft 
yellow Meade House at 1101 Star Park 
Circle, where L. frank Baum, author of 

“Tire Wizard of Oz,” spentseveral win- 
ters writing sequels to mat classic. 

If the predicted winter rains of El 
Nmo dampen your day, retreat to the 
Birch Aquarium at foe -Scripts Insti- 
tution of Oceanography in La Jolla, 
where 33 tanks filled with sea creatures 
of every variety delight children and 
adults, and a simulated submarine ride 
explores tee watery depths. 

And if tee surf is really high, stop by 
tee Marine Room, a venerable bar and 
restaurant in La Jolla, (619) 459-7222. 
Giant plate-glass windows front direct- 
ly on tee beach, and at highest tides the 
waves crash against faah-The glass has 
broken twice: in 1941 and 1982. 

You can’t go wrong visiting tee 
renowned San Diego Zoo on Park 
Boulevard in Balboa Park. Here, tee 
gianr pandan Rai YlXU Shi Shi, 
which arrived last year oh loan from 


Otina. can be seen cavorting from a 
tnree-bered viewing area. 

Just off tee tiny town square in ex- 
cjusiye Rancho Santa Fe, at 6009 Paseo 

SgSS* 1 !® ele gant Mtile Fleurs. (619) 
756-3085, is consistently ranked among 
the top restaurants in San Diego County. 
A cozy, country-French romantic set- 

SX * e , march for the 

neb food, from lamb to rabbit to foie 

gjj Dmner to two with wine is 
si rtSnS Po £ t * to “Pstaira restaurant 

aitee Loews Coronado Bay, (619) 424- 

4000, has a lovely view of the skyline 
roo m. Menu offerings 
range from salads of spiced ahi ttrnaaS 

10 roasted wolffish 
^i^w[? d 5- and Ncw Zealand rack 
and blacks baffle 
sauce. Dinner for two with wine, $200. 

KSJ 5 * ex P? rtl .y prepared in 

tight sauces or fruit sals as is tee 

snenaltv »» n m. ^ „ 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


PAGE 9 


\V 


LEISURE 



Amid Arizona’s Desert Flora, a Spa Quest for F un and Fitness 









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By Patricia Volk 

S cottsdale, Arizona — 

There are two ways to land- 
scape the desert, like a desert 
ana like a front lawn in 
Scarsdale, New York. The Scottsdale 
Princess, a hotel-cum- spa-cum-conven- 
tioo center, does both. The half-mile 
abroach to the hotel evokes “The 
Treasure of the Sierra Madre.” Then 
yon poll up to Eden.' 

A spa on a parched desert is special. A 
spa surrounded by waterscapes, purple 
jacaranda and blowsy palms is even 
more of an oasis.- 1 decide to do as many 

spa things as I can. 1 think of six days at 
the Princess in May as camp for grown- 
ups, with holistic massage instead of the 
potato sack race and a balloon ride in- 
stead of the trip to the general store. 

My fitness regime starts with 246 
steps through the nine hallways it takes 
to get to our room. The Scottsdale Prin- 
cess is vast 450 acres (180 hectares) 
with four restaurants, two 18-hole golf 
courses (one is host to the -Phoenix 
Open), three pools, shops, a grotto, ca- 
sitas, a sprawling convention complex 
and seven theme gardens (three herb, 
two cactus, one citrus and one fra- 
grance.) 

The place is so big it calls to mind a 
little city, with squares and parks. It 
takes me rive days to stop getting lost on 
my way to the pooL But there is- 
something peaceful about the pink and 
putty Mexican Colonial architecture. 
Shady arcades zig every which way. 

We arrive late on a Saturday after- 
noon, with just enough tune for a mar- 
garita at the South Pool, a 12-sided 
extravaganza with a hot tub, impossible 
to negotiate a lap in. Since Scottsdale 
and neighboring Phoenix are serious 
eating towns — and none of the Prin- 
cess's four restaurants features spa 
cuisine anyway — we have dinner at 
R ox Sand’s in Phoenix, about a half- 
hour’s drive. 1 share air-dried duck in 
buckwheat crepes and incredibly de- 
lirious ribs with my friend Lenora. The 


main dish is Chilean sea bass with 
horseradish oust 

Day One begins with an hour of 
swimming and then on to body 
sculpture with Cindy. (The spa entry 
fee is $12 even if you are staying at 
die hotel, unless you are buying a 
treatment) 

When the hour is up, I check out 
the Cybex Strength System for cir- 
cuit training. I walk on the Quinton 
Club Track treadmill for half an 
hour, then try the rowing machine. 

Day Two of the new me begins 
with a 7 A.M. fitness walk in the 
desert I am the only one to show up 
for it, so Lacy, a former engineer and 
current fitness god, takes mb out 
alone. 

I am surprised to seeiumwrs com- 
ing back as we set oat. What time do 
these folks get up? Then I understand. 

In Scottsdale, construction work is 
done under big lights at nigh t In 
"May, by 7 A^mT it is already too hoL 

On to pool aerobics with Rebecca, 
where we dance around with gloves 
that give you webbed hands during 
an intense, inventive workout. 

Signature Treatments 

I meet my husband, who is at- 
tending a - medical convention 
nearby, for lunch at Las Ven tanas 
near the pool. I order lobster salad, 
which is watery and pulpy as if it has 
been frozen (though the resort says it 
is flown in fresh daily). After lunch, 
it’s sw imming time. The East Pool 
has fewer screaming kids and two lap 
lanes. At 3 o’clock, I meet Deborah 
in the spa for a body polish and mini- 
herbal wrap, one or the “signature 
treatments A at the Scottsdale Princess 
($80 plus tip). . 

I follow Deborah into a dark room. 
“Take off your robe and lie down on the 
table,” she says, covering her face with a 
towel. The effect is purdah. She proceeds 
to exfoliate me with a pumice, oatmeal 
and essential oil scrub.a “deep cleansing 
treatment” that also increases circula- 



Tcnrnuc Moore (nr IV New Yffk Thno 

An aerobics class at one of the Scottsdale Princess resort's three pools. 


tion. It’s so abrasive it feels like falling 
off a two-wheeler onto the sidewalk. 

You are supposed to get exfoliated at 
the beginning of your spa experience so 
your skin can breathe. Mine is panting. 

In the shower, washing the glop off is 
harder than cleaning a non-Teflon 
chocolate pudding pot Back on the 
table, Deborah wraps me in wet towels 


that have been heated in 180-degree 
water, pinning ray arras to ray sides, and 
a rubber sheet. I can't move. “I’ll be 
sitting with you for 13 minutes," she 
says. “Not everybody can take it” 
Deborah offers iced lemon water 
through a straw and cold washcloths for 
my forehead. After a few minutes I ask 
her to let me move ray arms. It's like 


failing a test In our room, I weigh 
myself on the scale. Since the bath- 
room floor is glazed adobe tile with 
half inch grout, I am able to toe the 
scale into a six-pound variance. 

Day Three starts with a hot-air 
balloon ride. Ii occurs to me, drifting 
100 feet above wild pigs and jack- 
rabbits in the Sonoran Desert, that 
most people never get to see the 
yellow throat of the white flower that 
blooms once a year on top of tire 
saguaro cactus. Back at the hotel I 
-pull on some Spandex and head for 
an exercise class. 

Day Four Friends staying at an- 
other hotel come over and we go 
fishing (catch and release) in one of 
the hotel ponds stocked with blue 
gills and ca rp. 

Later, I rush to make the 6 o'clock 
yoga class. Alas, the time had been 
changed; it had been given at 4. We 
join friends for dinner at Razz’s, 
where the maigaritas and duck cakes 
with nopalito cactus sauce dazzle. 

Day Five; I oversleep and miss the 
7 A.M. hike to Squaw Peak. For $15, 
1 think about trying the slimming 
bath. John in the spa says they use an 
oil that “takes out elasticity in the 
skin and tightens it up.” He produces 
a plastic bottle rilled with viscous 
sharp- smelling brown stuff. I pass, 
and take another body sculpture 
class. It involves rive-pound weights. 
This workout is the best so far. 

Then I swim and have lonch with 
my husband by the pool and we drive 
to visit the Heard Museum (native 
American art and culture). 

At 4:30, I'm ready for a custom- 
ized holistic massage with Magela 
($80 plus tip). What, exactly, is a 
holistic massage? To the strains of New 
Age Muzak, Magela places her hands 
around my head and caresses my hair. 
Then she works her way to the scalp 
itself and I know I am in for one of life's 
great massages. She stretches, pokes, 
drops, presses and pummels. She 
“flushes my bead tensions out.” She 
toys with my “meridians and energy." 


When she is finished, Magela spins my 
head like a La zy Susan. “You have 
increased mobility!” she smiles. My 
body is humming. Ifeel as if I have been 
rung. 

Day Six: I weigh myself on the 
friendly scale. I have either lost a pound 
or gained five. I swim and take pool 
aerobics again, using Aqua Flex paddles 
for water resistance. 

After an hour, I retreat to the spa's 
Swiss shower, 16 jets heated to 100 
degrees, then take a eucalyptus steam. 
In the locker room, I wonder why the 
spa has a tannin g machine. We are, after 
all, in Scottsdale. 




PST AIRS, my husband is 
paqked and waiting. I tell him 
about the sign try 1 the steam 
room door that says you 
should not stay in for more than 5 or 10 
minutes. ‘ ‘But there's no clock in there,” 
I say. “So how can you know?” 

I say goodbye io our room. From our 
terrace I have seen purple ironwood. 
giant hibiscus, two kinds of pink flowers 
and yellow ones thick as carpet. I have 
seen a yellow-breasted black bird that 
walks like a cowboy and one with a tail 
like a mantilla. I have heard owls at 8 
A.M., seen doves and chickadees and an 
odd little bird with a beak like a triangle 
that perched on our railing. 

1 pack and put on the same jeans 1 
wore six days earlier when we flew to 
Arizona. They are a little looser. So I 
could have skipped the fabulous din- 
ners. I could have trained. With exercise 
classes, a beauty salon, desert activities, 
the gym and treatments, Camp Spa 
could have kept me busy every single 
second. Instead, 1 did what I felt like 
doing, which in the end is probably more 
therapeutic. I feel like a million. Too bad 
margaritas come with tortilla chips. 

A three-day. two-night Royal Indul- 
gence spa package at the Scottsdale 
Princess starts at S512 a person, double 
occupancy, from Jan. 4 to April 4. 

Patricia Volk, a novelist and essayist, 
wrote this for The Nevi’ York Times' 


ARTS GUIDE 


BELGIUM 


Tbwuren 

Royal Museum for Central Africa, tel: (2) 
769-5211. dosed Mondays. Continuing/ To 
April 30: "Legacies of Stone: Zimbabwe, Past 
& Present” Documents Zimbabwe’s cultural 
richness and diversity. 

■ BRITAIN 

London 

British Museum, tab (171) 323-8525, open- 
daily. Continuing/ To Feb. 1: “Carter: 1900- 
1939." Includes creations in Egyptian, Indian, 
Chinese and Japanese styles. 

National Gallery, tel: (171) 747-2885, open 
daily. Continulng/Tb Feb. 1:. "Making .and 
Meaning: Holbein's Ambassadors." An axpfc 
ration ol the personal and political background 
lo the commissioning of this picture of two 
French representatives at the court of Henry 
VIII by the 16tfvcentury German artist. 

Manchester 

City Art Galteries, tel: (161) 236-5244, open 
dally. To Feb. 22: “Pre-Raphaelite Women 
Artists.” 90 paintings, watercoJots, drawings 
and photographs, including landscapes by 
Rosa Brett, alegorical subjects by Evelyn de 
Morgan and historical paintings by Eleanor 
Fortescue Brickdala. 

■ FRA MCI 
l*(uni 

Bibfiotheque Nationals de France-Tolblac, 
td: 01-53-79-59-59, dosed Mondays. Con- 
ttaulngfro May 17: “L'Aventure des Ecrlt- 
urB6." Birth and development of writing: from 
cuneiform to Chinese ideograms and Arab cal- 
ligraphy, to modem letters. 

Grand Palais, tel: 01-44-13-17-17, dosed 
Tuesdays. Continuing/ To Jan. 26; “Georges 
de La Tour, 1 593-1 652." A survey of the French 
painter's worts, as weH as copies of paintings 
by La Tour ftat have cBsappeared. 

Muses Cams valet, tel: 01-42-72-21-13, 
dosed Mondays. To Jan. 18: “Paris et las 
Parisians Au Temps du Rol Sotell " More than 
306 engravings document Parte, its architec- 
ture, Its people, Its fashion, under Louis XIV at 
the end of the 17th century. 

■~G~i~R M A H Y 

Museum. Ludwig, tel: (221 ) 221 -2382. dosed 
Mondays. To March 1 5: “David Hockney: Pho- 
toarbehen. 1863 bis 1997." Photographs by 
the British painter (bom 1937). 

1 ITALY 

Venice 

Pdaao Grass!, tab (41 ) 522-1 375, open daily. 
Continuing/ To Jan. 'll: “Expressionlsmo Te- 
Sescffi Arte b societa, 1909-1923." Works by 
Bsckmarai. Grosz, Kokoschka, Klrchner, Pech- 
stein. among other German Expressionists. 

M «»AIH 

Valencia 

Gran via. To Jan. 30: An open air exhibition of 
30 scriptures by 20 fh-century sculptors such 




as Lipchitz, Laianne, Niki de Saint Phalle and 
Dubuffet, as weH as creations by local Spanish 
sculptors. 

1 SWITZERLAND 

Geneva 

Petit Palais, tel: (22) 346-1433, open daily. 
Continuing/ To March 1: "German Expres- 
sionism: From Klrchner to Kandinsky." More 
thah 100 Expressionist paintings, gouaches, 
pastels, watercotors and sculptures. 

■ UNITED STATES 

New York 

M e t r opolitan Museum, tel: (212) 570-3791, 
closed Mondays. Continuing/ To Feb. 22: 
“Richard Pousette-Dart, 1916-1992." Paint 
Ings and works on paper by the American 
Abstract Expressionist Also, at the Costume 
Institute, to March 22: “Gianni Versace." A 
celebration of the couturier's work. 

Washington 

National Gallery of Art, tel: (202) 737-4215, 
open daUy. Continuing/ To March 1: “Lorenzo 
Lotto." A retrospective of the worics of the 
Venetian Renaissance master (c. 1480- 
1556). 

CiOSINO SOPH 

Jan. 4: "Amnesie, ResponsabiHte et Collab- 
oration: WBly Kessets, Photographe." Works 
by the Belgian photographer (1878-1974); and 
“Kunst in de Bank." A selection of 200 works 
from Banque Paribas’s collection. Palais des 
BeauxArta, Brussels. 

Jan. 4: “Plains Indian Drawings, 1865-1935: 
Pages from a Visual History." Art GaBery of 
Ontario, Toronto. 

Jan. 4: "Frida Kahlo." Ordrupgaard Museum, 
Copenhagen. 

Jan. 4: "Visions of Paris: Robert Delaunay's 
Series." Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin. 

Jan. 4: ’’‘Objects of Desire: The Modem Still 
Life." Hayward Gallery, London. 

Jan. 4: "The Agp of Rossetti, Burne-Jones and 
WStts: Symbolism fa Britain, 1860-1 910." Tate 
Gallery; London. 

Jan. 4: “Gilbert & George." Musee cTArt Mo- 
dems, Paris. 

Jan. 4: “Jean- Paul Laurens (1838-1921), 
PeintTB tf Histoira." Musee tPOraay, Pari*. 
Jan. 4: “ExilrFlucht und Emigration Europais- 
cher Kunsttef. 1933-1945." Neue Nation- 
algalarie, Berlin. 

Jan. 4: “On Healing: The Curative Power of 
Art." Hare Museum, Tokyo. 

Jan. 4: “El Objeto Surrealists." IVAM Centre 
Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain. 

Jan. 4: “Renoir's Portraits: Impressions of an 
Age." Art Institute, Chicago. 

Jan. 4: “Joseph Cornell, 1903-1972." The 
HenD Collection, Houston. 

Jan. 4: “Egon Schiele: The Leopold Collection, 
Vienna.” Museum of Modem Art, New York. 

Jan. 4: "Robert Capa: Photographs.' 1 Museum 
of Art, Philadelphia. 

Jan. 5: “Les Iberes." Galeriee Nataonales du 
Grand Palais, Paris. 

Jan. 6: “Achilla CastigHom: Design! Museum 
of Modem Art, New Yoric. 

Jan. 6: "La Ultima Mirada." Self-portrajls cre- 
ated by famous artists at the end of their lives. 
Museu d'Ait Contem ported, Barcelona. 


Lighten Up! The Burdens of the Air Lanes 


By Roger Collis 

International Herald Tribune 


T RAVELING light can be heavy 
going these days as business trav- 
elers face up to stricter limits on 
die amount of baggage you can 
bring on board a plane. I say limits, not 
rales, because airlines have no consistent 
rales. leaving it up to check-in staff to 
arbitrate — whether or not your laptop or 
briefcase counts as an extra “piece,” ora 
“miscellaneous" item such as a duty- 
free bag or video camera. It's a question 
of, “How much can I get away with?” 
A notice may say: one piece of hand 
baggage only. Well, yes, but I only have 
this garment bag containing my sales 
presentation, an overnight bag-cum- 
briefcase with retracting handle and 
wheels and a duty-free tog containing 
my laptop. You hold it all up in one hand 
to show now light it is. Sony, the flight 
is fully booked. You’ll have to check 
this one, which will never make your 
connection in Frankfurt. If you're lucky 
(or unlucky), they may place your bag 
for measurement in a special frame — a 
Procrustean device that brooks no ar- 
gument It’s often down to the mood of 
the person at the gate — or your man- 
agement style. Carry-on luggage looks 
like being a hot issue in 1998. 

Most people agree that hand baggage 
has gotten out of hand. Apart from being 
a nuisance to other people, excess cabin 
baggage is a safety hazard. Some people 
use bags as a battering ram to reach their 
seats. Sitting in the aisle of a crowded 
737 you risk being thumped in the face 
by swinging shoulder bags or your 
ankles scythed by pull-along luggage. 
Expect to see the pull-alongs fitted with 
blades on the wheels — like Queen 
Boadicea’s chariot. 

More Space, Please 

More than 65 percent of travelers say 
they warn more space for cany-on lug- 
gage just when airlines are asking the 
U.S. government to reduce the number 
of bags they can take on board, ac- 
cording to the Yesawich, Pepperdine & 
Brown/Y ankelovich Partners 1997 Na- 
tional Business Travel Monitor, based 
on in-depth interviews with a sample of 
1,500 U.S. households. 

Peter Yesawich, president and CEO 
of Yesawich, Pepperdine & Brown in 
Orlando, Florida, says, “Clearly, 
what’s (hiving this is that it’s a seller's 
market First the airlines downsized 


meals, them they jacked up the fares — 
the typical business fare today is 20 
percent higher than a year .ago — and 
now they say you can only take one bag 
on board.” 

The Federal Aviation Administration 
in the United States requires all cabin 
baggage to be stowed safely in overhead 
bins or under the seats; all other togs 
must be checked. (The FAA is review-: 
ing carry-on rules.) International Air 
Transport Association guidelines state 

The Frequent Traveler 

that “passengers should be encouraged 
to carry no more than one piece of cabin 
baggage” measuring 125 centimeters 
(45 inches) overall (length plus height 
plus width), plus miscellaneous items 
such as duty-free, togs and sundry 
puses, cameras, a “reasonable” 
amount of reading matter, coats, um- 
brellas, walking sticks, crutches and 
folding wheelchairs. 

The problem is that rales vary widely 
by earner, class of travel, type of plane 
and how heavily a flight is booked, 
which adds to bewilderment, confusion 
and apoplexy at check-in. Some airlines 
go by weight, others go by a variety of 
dimensions; some allow two bags, oth- 
ers allow one bag and a garment bag; a 
laptop may or may Dot count as a bag. 
Y ou may end up Last on board a crowded 
flight with nowhere to stow your one 
legitimate bag. 

Northwest Airlines introduced a 
“one-plus" carry-on policy on No v. 21 
whereby economy passengers are re- 
stricted to “one carry-on bag plus a 


briefcase, laptop or purse," plus coats 
and the usual paraphernalia. Previously, 
the one-plus rale applied only to flights 
with a 1 * booked load factor of more than 
70 percent or at the discretion of gate 
and cabin personnel.'’ First- and busi- 
ness-class passengers or members of 
International Gold Elite or WorldPerks 
Gold programs are allowed an extra 
carry -on item. 

Michael Levine, executive vice pres- 
ident, marketing, at Northwest, says; 
“The last third of passengers on any 
given flight now are unable to stow their 
baggage in the cabin because the bin 
space is already taken. This frustrates 
passengers and too often creates delays 
as luggage is taken back out of the cabin, 
tagged and hand-carried far loading in 
the cargo holds.” 

American Airlines changed its cany- 
on policy on Oct. 15, allowing one bag on 
domestic and two bags on international 
routes “ ‘if the flight is not fizlL ” Cany-on 
togs must fit under the seat and not 
exceed 70 pounds (32 kilograms). ‘ ‘Ap- 
proximate” dimensions for trans- At- 
lantic flights are 23 by 13 by 9 inches. 

“Delta and Northwest are trying to 
restrict to one bag,” says Lizann Pep- 
pard at American Airlines. “We're 
waiting for the FAA to make a ruling. It 
would save a lot of confusion. In the 
meantime, we’ll allow people to bring 
on two bags if the flight is not frill." 

United Airlines allows two pieces — 
including a laptop or garment bag — not 
exceeding 50 pounds and 45 inches 
overall for all passengers on domestic 
rentes. On international flights, you're 
allowed two togs in first or business 


class but only one bag in economy. 

“We’re running an experiment out of 
Des Moines allowing only one tog for 
people traveling on excursion fares.” 
says Andy Hews, a spokesman for 
United in London. “Complaints? Not 
many so far. This is driven by the fact that 
planes are much fuller these days. Every- 
one is looking around for solutions. 
There’s die question of safety, on-time 
departure and the sheer hassle factor." 

Cathay Pacific restricts all passengers 
to one piece of cabin baggage not ex- 
ceeding 56 by 36 by 23 centimeters. 
First- and business-class passengers 
may also cany on a garment bag (20 
centimeters thick when folded) and a 
laptop computer. 

RITISH AIRWAYS has recently 
down-sized its cabin-baggage al- 
lowances. In first or business 
class, you can take one bag or garment 
tog (20 centimeters folded) plus a 
briefcase, with a total weight of 9 kilo- 
grams; in economy class, only one bag 
weighing less than 6 kilograms is al- 
lowed. KLM has formalized limits in 
business class, imposing a maximum of 
one piece of carry-on baggage weighing 
up to 10 kilograms and measuring no 
more than 5S by 35 by 25 centimeters 
overall, plus a laptop. Business-class 
travelers also are allowed a garment bag 
(maximum weight, 8 kilograms, and 
depth when folded, 20 centimeters) ora 
briefcase or other tog, up to 8 kilo- 
grams. And to end any arguments, KLM 
is providing molds to measure cabin 
luggage at airport. If the bag doesn't fit, 
it is banished to the hold. 


BOOKS 


BRIDGE 


I 


By Alan Truscott 

T HERE is a long tradition 
in England of entertain- 
ipg bridge books with fic- 
tional characters. Fust there 
was S. J. Simon and Victor 
Mollo, and today, David Bird 
and the Kings. 

Bird has written two books 
about Robin Hood, who ap- 
parently played bridge in 
Sherwood Forest in 12 th- 
century England. He and his 
nwrry men played the Not- 
tingham Club, an early ver- 
sion of Precision, and frus- 
trated the sheriff in time- 
honored fashion. “The 
Bridge Adventures of Robin 
Hood” and “Robin Hood's 
Bridge Memoir’" are avail- 
able from Bridge World, in 
Scandal©; New York, - 
Robert and Philip King, 


father and son, have written 
four books, brilliantly par- 
odying well-known fictional 
characters. In the latest, 
“Your Deal. Mr- Bond," 
two famous living players 
make cameo appearances. • 

The latest book starts with 
“Some Might Get Shot,' * *e 
King version of the 1959 
movie “Some Like It Hot, 
with Marilyn Monroe, Tony 
Curtis and Jack Lemmon. 
Tony Citrus is a bridge pro in 
three no- trump on_ the 
diagramed deal, needing a 
swing to collect a team title 
for his wealthy amateur part- 
ner. He manufactured a bril- 
liant double-cross. 

A spade lead would have 
been decisive, but both West 

players chose a heart. At one 
South won and duckeda 
dub to East, the normal avoid- 
ance pjay to prevent a spade 


lead from West. East shifted 
to the diamond jack, and 
South had two chances. They 
both failed. The diamond 
queen lost to the king, and 
West no w led a spade to defeat 
the contract by two tricks. 

But Tony deliberately 
played the clubs the “wrong” 
way. He won the first trick in 
dummy and ran the club ten, 
losing to the jack. 

West was now sore that 
South was not afraid of a 
spade lead, for he could have 
played the clubs differently. 
West concluded that South 
was worried about diamonds 
and shifted to that suit Tony 
took nine nicks in a hurry, 
and his team won the title. 

He congratulated his two 
wealthy teammates. “But 
you're professionals,” Mrs. 
Haverxneyer said. .“We're 
only amateurs.” 


“You mind what you're 
saying,” Mrs. Dupont re- 
proved her. “Amateurs built 
the Ark. Professionals built 
the Titanic." 

NORTH 

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WEST 
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Both sides w m vulnerable. The 
bidding: 

South West . Norte East 

IN.T. Pass 3 NT. Pass 


West led the bean nine. 


MERCE CUNNINGHAM: 

Fifty Years 

Chronicle and Commentary by David 
Vaughan. Edited by Melissa Harris. 315 
pages. $75. Aperture. 

DANCE INK: 

Photographs 

Edited by J. Abbott Miller and Patsy Tarr. 
Essays by Nancy Dalva. 192 pages. $35. 
Chronicle Books. 

Reviewed by Jennifer Dunning 

T HESE books could both be described 
as coffee-table books by virtue of 
their size and lavish photographs and 
layouts. But there the similarity ends. 

The book on Cunningham aims to be. 
and is, as complete and clear a portrait of 
the modern-dance choreographer and 
his epochal work as has ever been pub- 
lished. “Dance Ink: Photographs,” a 
selection of pictures from the magazine 
of the same name and from the col- 
lection of Patsy Tarr, its founder, is after 
something both larger and smaller: a 
quick, hip overview of late 20th-century 
American modern dance. 

David Vaughan, who wrote the text 
for “Merce Cunningham,” has been 
associated with the Cunningham orga- 
nization for more than 30 years, the last 
20 as the company's archivisL 
His “Frederick Ashton and His Bal- 
lets” is an easier book than this one. 
C unningham is still alive and a more 
awesome figure. The surprise of die 
Cunningham book is the grace with 
which it almost definitively sums up 
Cunningham's 63-year life in dance. 

Vaughan is greatly helped by Wendy 
Byrne, who designed the book so that it 
looks as packed with incident and as airy 
and spacious as a Cunningham dance. 
But after many years of collecting ma- 
terial for a biography of Cunningham, 


Vaughan is able to knit together a vast 
amount of data and succinct yet telling 
information about the choreographer's 
creative processes. 

Vaughan takes a leisurely, often 
amusing trip though the young life of 
Merrier Philip Cunningham and his 
. earliest dance studies at a neighborhood 
school ran by an ex-vaudevillian in 
Central! a, Washington, where Cunning- 
ham grew up. 

He went on to study more formally at 
the famous Cornish School in Seattle, 
where he met John Cage, then a class 
accompanist Cage was to become Cun- 
ningham’S lifelong artistic and domes- 
tic partner, a relationship Vaughan hon- 
ors but with refreshing discretion, 

By 1939, Cunningham was perform- 
ing with Martha Graham in New York 
City. Thro: years later, he began lo work 
daily by himself and that year presented 
his own choreography. Though 
Vaughan wisely triesrto avoid providing 
purely descriptive material about Cun- 
ningham's dances, his evocation of the 
early dances offers a rama lining taste of 
the work as well as of its time, place and 
cultural context 

The text becomes too dry a list of 
achievements in its chronicling of die 
early 1950s, when Cunningham's work 
began to attract attention, and the 1970s 
and 1980s, when the choreographer had 
settled into his position as a world- 
renowned (though always impover- 
ished) pioneer of modern dance. 

Occasionally, too much information is 
provided. Why do we need to know the 
name of a doctor who treated Cunning- 
ham feff appendicitis, or that of a painting 
by Robert Rauschenberg that is unrelated 
to his stage or costume designs few the ' 
dance company? It is not always clear 
who is speaking. 

But these are minor problems in a 
book that provides a vast array of ex- 
quisite black-and-white and color pho- 


tographs, vivid anecdotes and solid 
scholarly material on the dances and 
those who collaborated in their making. 

Cunningham figures prominently in 
“Dance Ink: Photographs,’’ as do Paul 
Taylor, Trisha Brown. Twyla Tharp and 
Mark Morris, all portrayed in photo- 
graphs and a text written by Nancy 
Dalva. But the emphasis is on pho- 
tographic imagery, in pictures of more 
than 100 performers, choreographers, 
company directors and teachers. 

Tarr has said that she wanted, the 
magazine to approximate the attending 
of a dance concert. These photographs 
do. in the best and worst ways of 1990s 
dance-going, in a book that wtU probably 
appeal most to people who enjoy dance 
and photography by Robert Mapple- 
. thorpe and Harvey Edwards. 

A PORTRAIT by Duane MlchaJs of 
Taylor — seated, back to the view- 
er, on a tree stump in a shimmering 
grove of stumps — says a great deal 
about the private man and the public 
work. And Savio's photographs of the 
performance artist John Kelly have 
something of the Dickensian detail of 
portraits by Nadar. 

Kelly is the only artist whose quoted 
ra usings make much sense. Rob Besser- 
er and Ethan Stiefel may want to buy up 
all copies of “Dance Ink: Photo- 
graphs,” given the ridiculousness of 
Michals's pictures of Besserer wrestling 
with a stuffed swan and Guzman’s por- 
trait of Stiefel as a lissome, glassy-eyed 
young biker. 

And Dalva does not do herself justice 
here, in texts that quickly become 
breathless generalization. No one with 
the eyes and imagination to see Oscar 
Wilde's head of Sl John the Baptist in 
Mark Morris, as portrayed by Annie 
Leibovitz, should be allowed to get 
away with that 

New Kjrfc Times Service 


v - - J 


•-'•swe 


V 





PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL 


Israeli Badly Wounded 
In West Bank Shooting 





By Joel Greenberg 

New York Tours Service 

JERUSALEM — An Israeli woman 
was critically wounded in the West Bank 
early Thursday when a car she was rid- 
ing in was raked with gunfire on a road 
winding between Palestinian villages. 

There was no immediate c laim of 
responsibility for the attack, but it was 
similar to previous shootings on roads by 
Palestinian militants. 

The shooting came as officials drew 
up a document spelling out to the Pal- 
estinian Authority the security demands 
by Israel before a planned further troop 
withdrawal in the West Bank. 

David Bar-Hail, the communications 
director for Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu, said that die document 
would detail anti -Terrorism measures and 
other Palestinian commitments listed in 
an American “Note for the Record” 
attached to the agreement last year on the 
withdrawal from most of Hebron. 

The steps required of die Palestinian 
Authority include combatting terrorist 
groups, confiscating illegal firearms, 
and p unishing terrorists. 

“We expect Oat to be implemented as 
the sine qua non for the continuation of 
the process.” Mr. Bar-Ban said. 

The car was ambushed at about 1:30 
AJVL on a road a few miles from the 
West Bank's border with Israel, north- 
west of the Palestinian-ruled town of 
Ramallah, between the villages of Bur- 
uqin and Kafr a-Dik. The area is under 
Israeli security control. 

Yoram Doctori, who drove the car. 


told the Israeli radio that he and his- 
companion, identified as Yaei Mervar, 
25, were returning to their home in Israel 
from the settlement town of Ariel, where 
he works as a security officer. 

“A car stood on the right side of the 
road with blinding lights, and when I 
slowed down — I thought it was a stalled 
Israeli vehicle — a hail of gunfire was. 

N^Doctori said 

“I immediately got ont of there as fast 
as I could,” Mr. Doctori continued. 
"After 50, 60 meters when I shouted to 
Yael, I realized that she wasn’t respond- 
ing. I saw that she had been hit in the 
head, in the neck. I stemmed the flow of 
blood with one hand, and with die other 
I drove to the Alei Zahav settlement At 
the entrance to Alei Zahav I kept re- 
suscitating her. I looked far die exit 
wound and also stopped the flow of 
blood from there, and now we know that 
is what saved her.” 

Ms. Meivar was rushed fay helicopter 
to an Israeli hospital, where she was 
reported to be in critical condition after 
surgery. 

Israeli troops imposed a curfew on 
Buruqin and Kafr a-Dik, set up road- 
blocks and searched the area. 

An Israeli Army officer said that it 
was unclear whether the assailants had 
come from a Palestinian-controlled 
zone. 

But Mr. Bar-Ban cited Palestinian se- 
curity officials as saying that the gunmen 
had probably fled to Ramallah; and that 
the Pales tinian security forces would aid 
Israeli efforts to catch them. 




A Pentagon Green Light 

It Secured Exemption in Warming Treaty 

1 — - ■— — The Clinton admimsirato 

By Joby Warrick exempting aimed forces 

Vbshingum Poa Service gj ftyiher . but then rejected 

WASHINGTON --The global ^^^^to^s^gperfor- 
warmngtijaly negotiated S^^tting ite own emissions over 

month could lead to trmgfar jggffton an achievement at- 

controls on everything from mopeds to SJ^i^^militaiy downsizing and 

Mack trucks, but at least one major rant- rfBdoaty 

ter has managed to reserve its right to trrarov foam** gains are 

mg certam overseas military operations, ^ 

an exemption secured by ILS. nego- ___ 

tialois in the final hours of the Kyoto || II* 

climate conference despite objections • • . 

^ tough, Thailand to Collect It 

ai the Defense Department's insistence, ■ - _ Po«w» 1 

to ensure that international police ac- Continued from Page 1 

emisskuis, uhnimstxaikm sources said, ai least 70 blUionbaht ®U9 htou) in 
T^T TiL... treaty, which must be increased capital m flic . 

rahfiedby national gov^ncaentsm be- .Jo help 


pT 1 


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re?* . 


Rui 


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.. . P- ; \ . * **■!'’ •*& **** 




: r Ji' M 




increased capital in the first quarter. 

To help weaker banks raise capital, 

. . m 7 _ woe 




eminent was 
sowed to tin 


‘It was the on e issue the Pentagon fi n a n ce sector. 

• . .. i ■- x it vn^rA-rir 



Israeli policemen arresting a protesting student in front of Parliament on 
Sunday (hiring demonstrations in Jerusalem against the new state budget. 


ISRAEL: Minister Again Raises Threat of Resignation 


Continued from Page 1 

es tinians at least 10 percent of the West Bank’s total 
territory as an essential step in ending a nine-month 
halt in the peace process. ILS. officials have said. 

Last month, Washington agreed to wait until after 
Mr. Netanyahu had cleared his budget hurdle, and set 
talks on a withdrawal for later this month. 

While Mr. Netanyahu has survived a long string of 
revolts and resignation threats from within his co- 
alition, he would have little chance of battling his 
opponents on the budget and the peace process at the 
same time. 

Also, wi thin a coalition deeply divided on peace 
discussions. Mr. Levy is perhaps the strongest ad- 
vocate of the U.S.-led peace process. He has publicly 
supported the pullback sought by the United States, 
and his departure from the cabinet would seriously 
weaken the constituency for p eacemaking . 

This year’s budget battle has been more ferocious 
than usual in Israel, partly because Mr. Netanyahu is 
highly dependent on a clutch of smaller coalition 
partners and partly because the economic boom of the 
early 1990s has ended. 


Perhaps even more than in past years, much of the 
money allocated in the last-minute infighting will go to 
religious conservatives, Russian immigrants and Jew- 
ish settlers in Israeli-occupied Arab lands. 

The expansion of settlements under Mr. Netanyahu 
is agrowing issue in peac emaking efforts, as the United 
Stares presses Israel to r e tain more land in the West 
Bank to Palestinian control. 

The newspaper Ma’ariv published a fist of projects, 
costing an estimated $600 million to $700 million that 

Netanyahu. The Israe? B ’Myall Party of Natan Shar- 
ansky would get new funds to help its constituents — 
immigrants from the Soviet Union and Russia — get 
housing and jobs, the account said. And two religious 
parties would receive hundreds of millions of dollars for 
classrooms, tuition and stipends for their seminaries. 

Three parties — Third Way, the National Religious 
Party ana Moledet, which is not formally in the co- 
alition — would get money to strengthen Jewish 
settlements in the occupied territories and build roads 
to connect them, the newspaper reported. 

Some economic analysts criticized the promised 
spending as economically unproductive and con- 



cared most about, and we did well on it,” "If vmBMiowns are wsopnaxe, we 

said a U.S. offidaL shall write down, he said. 

The exemption is spelled out in two Even the raimlry s laigestta^ wB 
seatencesofa technical paper that was take part : m foe ™ 

ratified Dec. II, at the cfoseaf foe all- Tarrm said, add in g that he expected an 
night negotiating session that produced announcement of camtal-mcrease pram 
the world’s first binding agreement on from Thai Farmer so ank and Bangkok 
combating global wanning. OneBcnteace Bank eariy next week. . 

■tay* frsreti fnrig nwi hy shim and aircraft * They are heeding the call to take a 

in “international transport” cannot be leadership role in the financial system, 
counted against a country. The other sea- Mr. Tamn said. - 

tence exempts all “multilateral opera- The second point of focus will be 
tkxa” craScted under a UN umbrella, stabilizing Thailand's external financial 

Tn practice, would apply issues, Mr. Tarrin said, mclucungi»' 

to military vessels headed toward over- gotiatiems for th e cont fanation of $92.9 

^ v^piVig or participating in such billion in debt to foreign banks. 

r pwitiniM a s (fj f- TP J irfnrisfloo to Somalia Initiatives will include pressing Jap- 

(x the U-S.-led war against Iraq. anese banks to convert fora dollar-de- 


jjotlier H 


w T - .. 


Ulw UaJ. ibU mu flftlUUOk — * — r . 

The exemptions offer obvious benefits nominated loans to yen. Japan, Thai- 
far foe United States, winch is both the land’s largest lender, has been facing a 
world’s only s u p e r power and the largest . credit crunch in its own financial sys- 
single emitter of greenhouse gases. But tem. 

U.S. ware motivated The conversion of dollar loans to yea 

mainly hy a tn rfmtinafft a potential would take pTCSSUTe off both Japanese 

^liwwXniifpr Tn the faimft, mey mid, banks and their Thai debtors, the financ e 
rfgirrtmi might refuse to join foe United minister said. . 

States in Matting armies to world hot “Each and every one of foe major 


David Levy holding what he called a list of 
Prime Minister Netanyahu’s broken promises. 

sequently a drag on the economy. The new spending 
“will add to the deficit or to more taxes,” said Dan 
Meridor, who resigned last summer as Mr. Netan- 
yahu’s finance minister. 

“In both cases, unemployment will rise,” he said 


spots if it rrvstnt blowing their limits on banks we have spoken to feel this flex- 
greenhouse gas ^misqnns ibility will enhance their ability to sup- 

“We didn’t want to create a disin- port Thailand,” Mr. Tairin said, 
centive for future fanmanitarian oper- Terms for Thailand’s first yen-de- 
ations,” said a military source. nominated loan from Japan, worth $500 


centive for future fanmanitarian oper- Terms for Thailand’s first yenrde- 3^ 

ations,” said a military source. nominated lora from Japan, worth $500 ^7.* 

In fighting for the exemption, the million to $600 millio n, will be nego- 

Clinton adminis iTation also may have dated when a team from foe Japanese • - .. r |i 

twn fr» Hmiv Rmnhlimn rritios Emort-Tmnort Bank comes to Banpkok UlL.lSt’ I * * 


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been seeking to deny Republican critics Export-Import Bank comes to Bangkok 
a potent weapon in their battle to defeat this month, he said, 
the accord. For several months leading “Over foe long term this may start a 
up to the Kyoto summit, conservative trend far yen loans around foe region,” 
groups had argued that a global wanning Mr. Tarrin said. 


treaty would undermine national secu- 


ULSTER: New. Year’s Eve Killing of Catholic Adds to Tension Surrounding Peace Talks 


The idea of a military exemption was 
first floated by U.S. negotiators in Oc- 


‘ ‘Japan initially exhibited reluctance 
abbat- foe intemationalization of foe- 
yen," he said. “Not any more.” 

The third area of concentration will be 


Continued from Page 1 

back from three Catholic inmates who 
were members of the Irish National Lib- 
eration Army, a breakaway terrorist or- 
ganization from the larger Irish Repub- 
lican Army. 

Mr. Wright’s group has already 
claimed one victim in revenge, Seamus 
Dillon, 45. a doorkeeper at a dance hall 
outside a Catholic-owned hotel in 
County Tyrone, who was shot and killed 
Saturday night in a fashion similar to foe 
killing Wednesday night by men who 
stepped from a car and fired indiscrim- 
inately into a crowd. Three people were 
wounded in that attack. 

The Loyalist Volunteer Force was 
created by Mr. Wright, a notorious ter- 
rorist known as “King Rat,” to protest 
the cease-fire adopted by the larger Prot- 
estant paramilitary groups in 1994. 
Those declarations became the condi- 
tion for entry into the peace talks of their 
political representatives along with 
those of Sinn Fein, the political wing of 
the IRA, which joined the negotiations 


FAT: 

Not Such a Rig Killer 

Continued from Page I 

that h constituted a pool of a million 
adults who had been followed for years 
and whose ages, weights and causes of 
death were known. 

In analyzing the data. Dr. Stevens and 
her colleagues considered body mass in- 
dex as a measure of fatness. Body mass is 
defined as 4.89 times foe weight in pounds 
divided by the height in feet squared. 

The ideal both’ moss is usually said to 
be 21. For a woman who is 5 feet 5 
inches (1.65 meters) tall, that corres- 
ponds to a weight of about 126 pounds 
(57 kilograms). Every 6 pounds of- 
weight gained would increase her body 
mass index by 1 point. 

A man who is 5 feet 10 inches tall and 
had a body mass index of 21 would 
weigh 146 pounds. 

But. foe data show, even among foe 
youngest people in the study, those aged 
30 to 44, among whom the effects of 
obesity were most profound, there were 
no excess deaths associated with obesity 
until the body mass index was above 27. 
Even then, the effects were relatively 
modest — less than a 25 percent to 50 
percent excess death rale — until the 
body mass index was about 32, when the 
risk of death approximately doubles for 
those a?es 30 to 54. 

For those aged 55 to 64, a body mass 
index of 32 or greater was associated 
with a 50 percent increased risk of death. 
These are people who are well over 100 
pounds overweight. Dr. Stevens noted. 

She said that she found foe increase in 
death rates caused by obesity at younger 
ages to be alarming. And even though 
there is no good treatment, or even a 
proven prevention, that does not mean 
that people should be complacent, she 


in September after its fighters called 
their trace in July. 

The talks, sponsored by foe British 
and Irish governments and chaired by a 
former U.S. senator, George Mitchell 
are due to resume on Jan. 12 after a 
holiday break. They axe aimed at ending 
nearly 30 years of religious and political 
conflict that has caused more than 3,200 
deaths. 

While their progress toward an accord 
by a May deadline has beea halting at 
best, they have succeeded in forestalling 
foe kind of retaliatory violence that has 
dismayingly returned to foe province 
this past week. 

In recent weeks, foe atmosphere 
around foe talks had become increas- 
ingly sour, with foe leaders of foe par- 
ticipating Protestant groups complain- 
ing bitterly that foe British government 
was showing favoritism toward foe 
Catholics. Citing the need for confi- 
dence-building measures to shore up the 
negotiations, London has permitted 161 
prisoners from the Maze to take 10-day 
Christmas leaves with their families. It 


Obesity & Health 

Body mass is 4.89 times weight in 
pounds divided by height in feet 
squared. To calculate how many 
pounds equal one point in your 
body mass index, take your height 
in feet, square it and multiply by 
0JS04. The ideal body mass is 

usually said 

to be 


also approved foe move of some Cath- 
olic prisoners from British jails to Irish 
ones and staged the dramatically sym- 
bolic visit of Gerry Adams and a del- 
egation of his Sinn Fein party to No. 10 
Downing Street to meet with Prime Min- 
ster Tony Blair. 

The Protestant leaders have expressed 
anger in particular about foe British sec- 
retary for Northern Ireland, Mo Mow- 
lam, calling this week for her dismissal. 
Ken Magmnis, foe deputy leader of the 
largest Protestant group, foe Ulster Un- 
ionist Party, said Thursday his group did 
not excuse the two Protestant attacks this 
week but said Ms. Mowlam’s role was 
contributing to foe kind of instability in 
his community that led to violence. 

“If you look at what has happened 
over the last couple of months, with 
concession after concession after con- 
cession being given to foe Provisional 
IRA, then people here have become so 
dispirited they have been not wishing 
for terror but saying, ‘The only thing 
that pays is violence.’ The secretary 
of stale and her team have done nothing 


to contradict that particular notion.” 
On Wednesday Ms. Mowlam held a 
two-hour meeting with a unionist del- 
egation led by David Trimble, foe head 
of foe Ulster Unionist Party, that was 
described as acrimonious. Mr. Trimble 
was decrying what he contends is cod- 
dling of Catholic inmates and demand- 
ing a public mcpiiry into a recent series of 
lapses in what is supposed to be Britain's 
highest security prison. 

The weapons used to shoot Mr. 
Wright were smuggled in to his Catholic 
killers; a convicted IRA murderer es- 
caped from thejaB disguised as a woman 
durin g a Christmas party for inmate^ 1 
children, and an elaborate tunnel system 
was detected before its completion last 

S ' ig leading from foe wing where. 

olics are held and heading toward 
the prison walls. 

Mr. Trimble called foe conversation 
“very disappointing” and said that he 
was “astonished” by Ms. Mowlam's 
lack of understanding of his commu- 
nity’s restiveness. “She has singularly 
failed to build confidence,” he said. 


tober at a UN conference in Bonn, where on fiscal prudence, Mr. Tairin said, em- 


it drew initial skepticism from some phasizing foat Thailand wonld strictly 
European allies. When debated at the adhere to the agreement with foe In- 
1 59-nation Kyoto conference, the pro- temational Monetary Fund, 
posal was strongly protesttxl by lraq — Analysts have expressed strong 

and initially by Russia. doubts , foat Thailand will be able to 

One of the few nations to experience comply with requirements for foe rescue 
thefifobrumofdtekiiKlofUN-spcmsored set forth before the Thai baht went into a 
“ multilatera l operation” foe American free fall 

plan envisions. Iraq could have blocked “As a matter of principle foe IMF 
the proposal under conference rales that program is not a rigid one,” Mr. Tallin 

,11 v„ ’ .1 


require all decisions to be approved by 
consensus. But in a fat of fjj plnrrvmp 
sleight- of-hand, the conference chairman 
gavekd foe rales through after the Iraqi 
delegation had left foe conference room. 

ILS. env ironm e nt al groups, which 
have generally applauded foe Kyoto 
agreement, complain that the exemption 
is too broad because it applies to com- 
mercial international earners as well as 
military ships and planes, flimate ne- 
gotiators Ira for a future c on ference the 
task of apportioning responsibility for 
emissions oy cosnmotaal airlines. 


jved by said. “There are reviews every three 
lematic months, so to that extent we are both 
lainnan being flexible.” 
be harp The strengthening of Thailand’s ex- 
: room, ports on a “massive scale" through a 
which soon-to-be announced comprehensive 
Kyoto government initiative will be foe fourth 
anption area of focus, Mr. Tairin said, 
o com- “The program will include encour- . 
well as aging technological input, developing 
ate ne- human resources, improving marketing 
nee foe and trade negotiations,” he said, 
lity for Unemployment and other social is- 
•_ sueswiU.be foe fifth sector of focus, with 


It s a pretty fag loophole, ’ said Dan T h ailand looking for international as- 


Lashof, of foe Natural Resources Defense 
CoundL Ir might have been even bigger. 


sistance since it is constrained in spend- 
ing, Mr. Tamn said. 


IRAN: While Tehran Builds Missiles With Outside Help, U.S. Sinks Into Sanctions Debait 




A woman of 5 feet 5 inches 
(1.65 meters) 

W«tght Body mass index 


126 

21 ideal 

162 

27 overwSffpit 

192 

32 unhsaAhy 

A man of 5 feet 10 inches 
(1.78meteis) 

Weight 

Body mass influ 

146 

21 ideal 

188 

27 overweight 

223 

32 unhealthy 

IHT 


said. “Obesity is an extremely impor- 
tant public health problem,” Dr. 
Stevens said. And, she added, with one 
third of Americans overweight, defined 
as body mass indexes above 27, “Amer- 
icans are getting so fat that it’s incred- 
ible.” 

Dr. Hennekens agreed. “The United 
States is not just the heaviest society in 
foe world but probably foe heaviest so- 
ciety in the history of the world," he 
said. 


Continued from Page 1 

impose economic penalties against for- 
eign companies that do prohibited forms 
of business with Tehran. The outcome of 
foe debate will affect mare than relations 
with Iran or even foe Middle East. The 
administration is keenly aware that dif- 
ferences over ban have brought it near foe 
brink of confrontation with Russia and 
with some of its closest European allies, 
and involve stakes that include the de- 
velopment of Caspian Sea oil reserves. 

with a few exceptions, the admin- 
istration’s Iran specialists are convinced 
that Mr. Khatami’s press conference was 
part of a significant struggle between 

country’s ruling clencs^ “The mo- 
mentum and weight appear to be with foe 
new crowd,” an official said. 

Bnt the changes observed thus far are 
strictly domestic, and American con- 
cerns stem chiefly from Baa’s support of 
terrorism and its development of 
weapons of mass destruction. 

For that reason, there is little argument 
within foe administration for a funda- 
mentally new approach to Iran. In recent 
cabinet- and subcabinet-level meetings, 
an argument an whether foe time has 
crane to look beyond “containment* ’ of 
Iran appears to have mack few inroads. In 
a sign of caution, the administ ration has 
not ordered a National Intelligence Es- 
timate on Iran’s domestic politics since 
1996, well before Mr. Khatami ’s 
in May, and none on Iran’s military since 
1995, before the scale of foe missile pro- 


&s offon in recent years, a National In- 
telligence Estimate commonly precedes a 
major policy shift. 

“So far they’re acting rhetorically, 
and we’re responding rhetorically,” said 
a top foreign policy official, referring to 


Mr. Clinton’s Statement that he was * ‘en- 
couraged” by Mr. Khatami's remarks. 
“In the meantime, we think it's im- 
portant to maintain the current policy of 
military pressure, economic pressure 
and opposition to their acquisition of 
weapons of mass destruction.” 

Sanctions have been central to U.S. 
policy on Iran since the Islamic revolution 
in 1 979. But two laws passed in foe 1990s, 
each mandating penalties against foreign 
companies that cross certain lines, have 
brought the policy to a crossroads. 

Russia is at foe heart of the multiple 
dilemmas facing Washington. U.S. in- 
teDigence assessments, supported by data 
from Israel have concluded that Russian 
contractors and universities are giving 
critical assistance to Iran in leaping foe 

technical hurdles to develop a missile that 
can leave and re-enter the atmosphere 
Furthermore, foe Russian monopoly, 
Gazprom, has partnered with foe Rrench 
firm Total ana Malaysia’s state-owned 
Petronas in a $2 billion deal to develop 
Iran’s South Pats natural gas field. 

Those transactions appear to fall afoul 
of two US. sanctions laws. Last year’s 
Iran-Ubya sanctions act penalizes any 
foreign company investing more titan $20 
million in Iranian oil or gas projects. A 
second law bans from U.S. aerospace 
contracts any foreign company supplying 
Iran prohibited missile components. But 
imposing sanctions carries a heavy cost 

Sanctions against Gazprom conflict 
with U.S. efforts to cultivate Prime Min- 
ister Victor Chernomyrdin, a former di- 
rector of die energy concern. And ban- 
ning Russian missile exporters from 
U.S. aerospace work could be a fatal 
blow to foe strategy of drawing Russian 
rocket scientists into joint projects — 
from the Mir space station to civ ilian 
aerospace work — as a substitute for 
temptations to sell their expertise on 


a large scale to unfriendly regimes. 

“It’s a very complicated problem, 
frankly the most complicated I f ve come 
across^” a senior State Department of- 
ficial said- “There are real conflicting 
issues far the United States, between 
pursuing our policy of economic pres- 
sure on Iran and avoiding a t rain wreck 
in our relations with our European allies 
and Russia. It’s a challenge to reconcile 
those two, and where you stand depends 
on where you sit” 

_ Because foe stakes in Russia are so 
hi gh, and because foe administration’s 
heavyweight Russiauists — led by 
Deputy Secretary of State Strobe^ Talbott 
and Undersecretary Thomas Pickering 
— are against foe missile sanctions, the 
major argument is over the U.S. re- 
sponse to the South Pais gas field deal 

Policymakers who focus most closely 
on the Middle East, led by Martin Indyk, 
assistant secretary of state for Near East- 
ern affairs, and Bruce Reidel, senior 
director of foeNational Security Council 
staff, axe described by participants in the 
debate as poshing strongly for sanc tion^ 
against Total Between now and next 
summer, these officials maintain, Iran is 
due to tender for $5 billion more in oil 
development projects. Before Septem- 
ber’s announcement of foe South Puts 
deal moreover, U.S. officials warned 
Total about foe sanctions and foe U.S. 
a mb a ssado r to Fiance, Felix Rohatyu^ 
pleaded with Foreign Minister Hubert 
Vedrine to halt foe contract. If foe ad- 
ministration fails to carry out its threats, 
some officials warn, a massive fafiigfo n 
of capital to Iran will be unstoppable. 

An ally of that view is Leon Fuerth, 
Vice President Al Gore's national <jg_ 
entity adviser, who is leading a U-S. effort 

to guide development of Caspian Sea oil 
and gas, the world's largest untapped 
reserves. To protect foe autonomy of 


framer Soviet republics in Central Asia, 
foe United Stases has encouraged them to 
build new pipelines south as substitutes 
fra foe old q 3 and gas routes through 
Russ i a. But foe administration does not 
want them to use foe most direct and 
economical route, through Iran. OH 
companies are ha Firing at tfw highw costs 
of bypassing Iran, and U.S. government 

analysts fear the plan is doomed if Iran is 

permitted to develop normal ties with - 
Western energy industries. 

Leading the fight against sanctions is 

Stuart Eizenstaf 


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reta liate ag ainst Total 
Accotding to UJS. and foreign dip- 
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BUSINESS/FINANCE 


FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


PAGE 11 


'•[l 


Judge’s Ruling Reverses Telecom Law in Favor of Regional Bells 


By Mike Mills 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — A federal judge 
in Texas has struck: down key portions of 
the 1996 law (hat deregulated the Amer- 
ican tel ecommnnirarioDB industry, say- 
ing the law unccnstitutioaally keeps the 
regional Bell companies out of the $80 
billion long-distance market. 

The ruling Wednesday will be ap- 
pealed by the federal government andis 
unlikely to have any immediate con- 
sumer impact But it marks the biggest 
setback to dale for the embattled Tele- 
communications Act of 1996, a law that 
has so for largely foiled to live up to its 
promise to bring new competition to foe 
local and long-distance telephone mar- 
kets. 


If the judge’s ruling withstands ap- 
peals, it would allow local telephone 
companies to offer long-distance ser- 
vice for the first time since AT&T Corp. 
was broken up under court supervision 
in 1984. Long-distance giants, which 
could face a range of new competitors, 
are certain to challenge the decision. 

“This is huge,” said an industry ana- 
lyst, Scott Cleland of the Legg Mason 
Precursor Group, in Washington. “This 
decision turns the Telecommunications 
Act on its head. Tins judge is saying it’s 
not constitutional to ban one company 
from a business when you let another 
company in that business.” 

U.S. District Judge Joe Kendall in 
Wichita Falls, Texas, agreed with two 
Bell com panie s — SBC Communica- 
tions Inc. and US West Corp. — that the 


law unfairly prevents the Bells from 
offering their customers long-distance 
service in competition with AT&T 
Cmp., MCI Cn mmnmrarinns Corp., 
Sprint Corp. and others. 

The law barred the Bells from long- 
distance markets until tilery could prove 
they had taken sufficient steps to open 
their local telephone markets to com- 
petition. The Bells have continued to 
bold monopolies on most local phone 
service, particularly to residential cus- 
tomers, since they were created out of 
the 1984' court donee that broke up the 
old AT&T Coxp. 

GTE Corp. and other jemaiier inde- 
pendent phone com panies are not sub- 
ject to the ban. 

The Bells were originally kept out of 
the long-distance business because of 


fears that they could use their control 
over local phone lines to discriminate 
against AT&T, MCI and other com- 
petitors. 

But in die suit filed by SBC Com- 
munications in July and joined by US 
West in December, The two Bells argued 
that Sections 271 through 275 of the law 
— which continues the long-distance 
ban — violates their constitutional 
rights. 

Congress, the companies contended, 
illegally singled them out for “pun- 
ishment” because of (heir perceived 
ability to harm competition through 
their local phone businesses. The law 
also violated their free-speech rights, 
they argued, and denied them their right 
to equal protection under the law. 

Judge Kendall ruled only on the first 


issue, saying the telecommunications 
law was a “bill of attainder,” which 
courts have defined as a “legislative act 
which inflicts punishment without a ju- 
dicial trial.” Article m of die Consti- 
tution protects citizens from such acts. 

“The Court rarely has held a statute to 
be unconstitutional as a bill of at- 
tainder,” Judge Kendall conceded in his 
opinion. “However, the statutes and 
punishment before this court are extraor- 
dinary. and in fact unprecedented.” 
Judge Kendall said Congress was 
punishing the Bell operating companies 
“for what the court only can conclude 
were the sins of the parent, AT&T, or for 
what offenses Congress believes the 
BOCs may (without any evidence) com- 
mit in the future.” 

The ruling will not take effect for 10 


days, giving opponents tune to file sg>- 
peals. Most analysts expect the Justice 
Department, the Federal Communica- 
tions Commission and long-distance 
carriers, including AT&T and MCI, to 
quickly seek a motion to prevent die 
ruling from taking effect until it can be 
appealed. 

Starting Thursday, the big govern- 
ment-run telephone monopolies of 
Europe began facing international com- 
petition for the first time. That could 
bring European phone users more 
choices and lower prices, particularly 
on international long-distance c a l ling . 

Most of the 15 European Union na- 
tions must now allow rivals to offer 
local and long-distance service, either 
by leasing or connecting to the tele- 
phone equipment of dominant carriers. 




* i 




Wall Street Chalks Up 
Another Home Run 

Dow Ends Year Up 226 % Despite Gyrations 


By Robert O’Harrow Jr. 

Washington Post Service 

NEW YORK — Investors looking 
back on 1997 might think of it as the 
year when sudden, sharp price moves 
returned to mar the stock market But 
stepping back from the daily gyrations, 
the overall market had a surprisingly 
strong year. 

Low inflation, coupled with a fun- 
damentally strong U.S. economy, de- 
serves most of the credit for the re- 
markable returns overall, according to 
Thomas McMaxms.market strategist for 
NatWest Securities Inc. 

’The themes that were responsible 
for the wealth creation in 1997 were low 
interest rates and the resilience to com- 
petitive pressures” globally, Mr. Mc- 
Manus said. “As the stock market goes, 
it was a surarismgly good year for a 
number of different industries.” 

For the first time in its 101-year his- 
tory, tire Dow Janes industrial average 
jumped by 20 percent or more for the 

WALL STREET WATCH 

third year in a row. It ended the year up 
22.6 percent And the broader Standard 
& Poor's 500-stock index rose a strong 
31 percent Tbe direction was not ail 
straight up, of course. The Dow average 
plummeted 554 points, or 7.2 percent, 
on Oct 27, amt intermittent rears of 
inflation or contagion from the Asian 
economic turmoil buffeted prices 
throughout tbe year. 

Also helping to spur some of the 
volatility in the market was something 
Wall Street pros call “sector rotation.” 

Searching for the next hot industry, or 
fleeing from fori news, investors 
jumped from stocks in the banking, en- 
ergy and consumer products sectors 
early in the year and into the booming 
technology sector. Then, when that 
headed south in late October, utilities, 
retailers and telecommunications be- 
came tbe sectors of choice. 

Such fickleness made for a chaotic 
year on Wall Street, as stocks went up or 
down not just on their individual merits 
but also because they happened to be 
part of a sector that was either hot or nor. 
The frequent stampedes in and out also 
obscured the fact that a wide variety of 
industry sectors had extraordinary re- 
turns, and investors could have done 
quite well if they fori just stayed put and 
invested in a broad basket of securities 
teftt included several industries. 

“We were not expecting such strong 
performances from so many groups in 
the market,” said Tom Van Leuven, an 
equity market strategist at J. P. Morgan 
& Co. “But it's a happy surprise.” 


To Onr Readers 

World financial markets were closed 
Thursday for the New Year’s holiday. 


The top-perfomung sectors were the 
cable television industry, where shares 
rose by 78.9 percent, according to a J. P. 
Morgan analysis. Companies in that 
sector included Cablevision Systems 
Corp., which rose 213 -percent, and 
Tele-Communications Inc., which rose 
1 14 percent. US West Media Group was 
the laggard in this group — it was up 
only 57 percent 

The brokerage-flim sector was a 
close second, rising 76 percent as a 
wave of premium- pneed mergers swept 
the industry. Airlines, drug companies 
and retailers also had stellar stock mar- 
ket returns. 

Naturally, there were some laggards. ' 
Investments in lumber, restaurants, alu- 
minum and biotechnology issues ended 
down fra the year. Big losers also in- 
cluded computer networking compa- 
nies, such as Cabletron Systems Inc., 
which lost 55 percent of its value, and 
3Com Coip., which lost 52 percent 

Health managemen t or ganizati ons 

also faired poorly. Oxford Health Plans 
Inc., for instan ce, lost 74 percent and 
PacifiCare Health Systems Inc. declined 
by 38 percent 

The Morgan Stanley Dean Witter 
market strategists Byron Wien and Peter 
Canelo noted in their year-end report to 
investors that sector rotation had in- 
creased in 1997. 

In die first few months of die year, 
investors took clues from 1996 and put 
much of their money into large, highly 
capitalized companies such as General 
Electric Co. and Procter & Gamble Co. 
that make up the “Nifty Fifty,” ac- 
cording to Mr. Wien and Mr. Canelo. 

Many investors did so out of fear tike 
economy was going to grow too quickly 
and Federal Reserve policymakers 
might raise interest rates. Investors 
sought liquidity and safe returns in the 
big names, the strategists said. 

A sustained rush toward technology 
stocks began in April and lasted, some- 
what erratically, until the Dow plunge in 
October. Although the technology sector 
never regained its highs, tbe industry 
overall did enjoy a respectable 34 per- 
cent return fra die year, as of Dec. 10, 
according to Mr. Wien and Mr. Canelo. 

Wien troubles in South Korea, Japan 
and elsewhere in Asia raised concerns 
about the impact on earnings of U.S. 
companies, including computer man- 
ufacturers banks with strong ties to 
the region, investors fled to big do- 
mestic companies. 

“Investors have dumped technology 
and industrial cyclicals that may be in 
any way vulnerable to the ‘Asian con- 
tagion' and have embraced predomin- 
antly domestic-oriented industry groups 
liVrp retail and telecommunications,” 
Mr. Wien and Mr. Canelo said. 

Going forward, Douglas Cliggott, 
chief equity strategist at J. P. Morgan, 
raged investors to remain cautious 
about diving too quickly back into tech- 
nology. He is also placing a bit less 


juursoay lor the New Y ear s nouoay. noiogy. nc is aisw ™ 

This edition carries price information emphasis on energy and industrial 
from Wednesday, Dec. 31, the last trad- stocks, according to a recent report. 

j . . w_ that Pit. 


' in .1997 for many markets, 
tables of New York Stock Ex- 


change and Nas 

yw's high, low 


shares record the 
final prices. 


Mr. Cliggott recommended teat cli- 
ents focus more cm retailers, texti les and 
Qther industries that generally perform 
well when the economy is thriving. 




. .• .. •< . «'>•:*> 






. IVlir Unipm-'Rniirn. 

New York Stock Exchange traders celebrating at the dosing bell Wednesday, the end of a third banner year. 


A Banner Year for U.S. Equities 



1997 by Sector 

The 10 top-performing sectors in 
the U.S. in 1997. 


Cable 
Brokerages 




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"Government Sponsored EntoipiteM 

The 10 worst-performers. 
•ca% | Lumber 


Jan. Feb. March April May June 

Source; Bloomberg 


Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. 


) Biotech 
| Aluminum 
| Steel 
| HMDs 
| Networking 
| ExploraCon/Produc. 

| Fertilizer 
■ Copper 
B Gold 


Source : J.P. Morgan 


Underwriters Post Record Year, but Fees Slip 


By Sharon Walsh 

Wash inf- ton Post Service 

NEW YORK — Wall Street 
shattered yet another record in 1997, 
this one for selling more stocks and 
bonds on behalf of corporate America 
than ever before — $1.29 trillion 
worth. 

The 25 percent jump in equity and 
debt issues over the previous year’s 
$967.6 billion marked the sixth con- 
secutive record-breaking year for Wall 
Street's underwriters. Securities Data 
Co., a Newark research firm, said. 

But on Wall Street, the fees earned by 
the big securities firms were, surpris- 
ingly, -not as hig h as last year’s. With a 
record 12,461 issues underwritten in 


in 1996. Brokerage firms pocket fees 
equal to more than 7 percent, on average, 
of proceeds raised by companies selling 
shares fra the first time. 

But don’t cry for the Wall Street The 
firms are expected to dole out bonuses 
worth billions of dollars in the next few 
weeks, following one of the stock mar- 
ket’s best years. In addition to the record 
year for underwriting, firms racked up 
big fees fra advising on a deluge of 
merger deals and fra executing stock 
and bond trades for investors. 

Two of the three leading underwriters 


were companies formed as part of the 
sweeping consolidation in the financial 
services industry last year. Salomon 
Smite Barney came in second, leading 
more than $167 billion underwritings. 
Morgan Stanley. Dean Witter. Discover 
& Co. breezed into third with $139.5 
billion of deals. 

Merrill Lynch & Co. came in first for 
the ninth straight year, with $208. 1 bil- 
lion in securities offerings in 1997. It 
also earned more in fees than anyone 
else, with more than $1.35 billion dis- 
closed, according to Securities Data. 


Siemens Sets 
Deal With 
Motorola 

Chip Project in Dresden 
To Create 13 9 000 Jobs 


By John Schmid 

humarional Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Motorola Inc. of 
tee United States and Siemens AG of 
Germany plan to invest hundreds of 
millions of dollars on a major project in 
eastern Germany to develop computer 
memory chips, government and com- 
pany officials said Thursday. 

A German official called tee project, 
in Dresden, which apparently involves 
building a new production plant, “the 
biggest integrated electronics project 
ever started in Europe.” 

Officials said tee companies would 
jointly develop new, cheaper manufac- 
turing technologies for memory chips in 
an mart to remain competitive in a 
sector encumbered by overcapacity and 
plunging prices. 

Juergen Ruettgers, tee German re- 
search and development minister, said 
tee Siemens-Motorola project would 
help create or secure about 13,000 jobs 
by 2003 in Dresden, which has tee 
second-lowest unemployment rate in 
eastern Germany. 

While a Dresden government official 
said tbe project would involve a major 
new production plant, a Siemens 

r ikeswoman declined to confirm 

Both companies will invest sums in 
tbe project teat are “for higher” than 
the 187 million Deutsche marks ($106 
million) in taxpayer subsidies that the 
government has earmarked for tee ven- 
ture, Mr. Ruettgers said. 

He called tee Siemens-Motorola en- 
terprise “the biggest integrated elec- 
tronics project ever started in 
Europe." 

The joint venture comes at a time 
when prices fra some chips have fallen 
50 percent in tee past year, propelling 
many chipmakers around tee globe into 
losses and forcing tee industry to seek 
great production efficiency. It also 
comes at a time when rivals in Asia, 
which already have cheaper labor costs, 
enjoy tee additional competitive advan- 
tage of falling foreign exchange rates 
that make their microchips even cheaper 
in world markets. 

The German government and tee 
chairman of Siemens, Heinrich von Pier- 
er, will announce details of the deal on 

See CHIPS, Page 13 


tee big securities firms were, surpris- 

SHSSS Intervention Is No Longer a Bad Word 

by tee firms was $8.43 bilhon. Last 

^ s t^ f S>^ bysccrai,ies Asia’s Debt Crises Underline the Importance of Fast Government Action 

Securities Dam attributed the lower 


fees to two factors: increased compe- 
tition for corporate underwritings by 

IIS, and inte rnational c o mme r ci al hanks 
tha t own brokerage firms, and fewer 
“initial public offerings” of shares than 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Final 1997 rates UbicHJbor Rates 


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S™*** MS aw* «■!» — ,■=; .«n| ugw* 3-momn a* 

un » - in awr mi 4MJ in* • JJ tmonifi s-v. 

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55- 55 SfSaw - E* 22 “SS iSS ^25 E5 

Nj.Yq.ffl, - uahUji *51 «w 5 S «” S 

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J ecu use liui IDO 4481 vua UW Jgg =1 Mont rah 

ISM 1M UU IBW 23S59 l StU UUP Pitaaralt 

0»tofe4mrt«tai*rt»AMbn,*w hMM 

SSSirep* 


urn MBS um b£ im* - IS' ™ '£}* 


9 U US unrtuos — an ura as* m* 


UU8 2SUO MSB SUM 

usct'ujin mil mu 


Swiss Fnndi 

Do dor MM Rbx Storing Franc Yon ECU 

1 -month 5Vk-« 3W-3Mi «Wi-lV4 7¥W-Wi» 39k‘3W 9k-l SVk-M 

3-monft SVt-S* 3tt-Wi lVo-m n*-TV» 30»-3*ii »-l «-4Vo 

6-nwrtfl 5V+-SV* 3VJ-35* 19k-1to 79* -Wa 3%-3Hi *k-7 

Vytcr jnfe-SWtT'tti-mt ]*-]?» 7V* 3* -4 4M*4Vu 

Sources: ftsufers Utyds flunfc „ _ 

Hates cmpticabJc to Interbank deposits of SI mfiBM msumwn (oraquSmlaiaj. 


Key Money Rates 


Other Dollar Values 


Pws 

AWL*** iMN 
A«Mb$ 1.5U 
ABfttMKfc. 12429 
1.116 

WBtoojMn 431 
CMkharana mm 
2"W>knmo u»I 
fwApuml 3JWS 
M235 


Oonaqr Pars 

OriMkdnc. 28230 
HM*KMS* 7- 74 ® 
HMfrfaiM 203.14 
button ratwo 3930 
hwfe. rupiah 482SJ 
irbkC U0W 

ftrntfiiMb 15275 
Kmidfear 03043 
Mokqr.Ttng. 49013 


COflOMT *** 
Molpom MB 
N.Z*daad$ 1J182 
Ptow-kran* 7356 
3M0 

Poittiwr jUB 
podoscoih 1B2.97 
tmnttk 59630 

sooarir* Mg* 

SinfrS I-* 7 * 


MOOT 9M*r 

14461 .14*7 


Forward Rates 

«"!*» Cr . SMoy MOOT WWor =■" 

P*W4ihrtta* 14484 14461 .1-6437 . 

h— l A i 14279 14267 14256 Mil 

Owri uiM — it 1J953 U922 1J894 

S«»r**r INC Bank ( A fl UMnkmi kCtn 
!***» ««mt Bon** 4» Franco IPvti&Bartan 

CmMamaM^mFe^.OmraalaMiaBmA 


USJU 15M2 awn 
dngt bt eUtor corners Mmiiunb 

•hHNmTnaanrbB 

1-fosTlnMwy NB 
l-joarUtawf biB 

Qm9 T* 1 s^earTmanr hO 
S. Afr.raod 4367 7-year Tmt«rr nati 
S.KBC.WM 15800 is-yoar Treasury Dtrtr 
SunAtma 75077 30-yoar Treasury boul 
TalmaS 3240 Manfl Lynch 5MayRA 
TtHlMt 4495 
TWKhbM 205245 £5“ 

DAE4MMB 34725 ptscoaatrato 
VMB.b4h. 50450 ctfmaMy 

1 -man Inhrtank 
MM Wntwofc 
6-swstti hhrbaiik 
_ 9ywE«tM 


9M0f 404M 

13000 12941 
14574 14531 


Royal Bonk of 


Lombard rah 
UBMiy 
1-noA tahrtaak 
3-mantb Mcrbimk 
6-nmft hhrtumk 
llHnvImd 


050 050 
CM 039 

- 095 

- 1J0 

- 1.10 
- 1« 


■450 440 
□sd 440 

- 350 

- 345 

- 177 

- 533 


Bank base rate TM 716 

CaBinaany iul 7h 

l-awnfli Mwbank 7V4 715 

Sraoaa totntnaft 7*k Tt» 

frawaHt ht a rban fc ~nt* 74k 

10-ye<ir CSI 029 025 

Francn 

Inhma B a a rah 330 330 

Cafi money 3su 34k 

l-anafli tntaOank 3ft 3ft 

3-msnOi tahfbaitt 3ft 3ft 

6-nnmti tatnbonk 3ft 3ft 

IDymrOAT 534 533 

Source*: Reutan. Bbaabon Morrtt 
Ijtnc tu Bank or T oKrO’jn ifsutilsltl, 
uMflCflMifc Owl LyotwvthL 


AJUL PAL 01*99 

Zurich 28935 28905 -130 

Laadu 28930 -1J» 

MmrYbik 2PL70 28930 -170 

_ US. dgOats per ounce. London ometat 


mdaos^prkxskfwYorlit 
Smear Amha. 


By Louis Uchitelle 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Financial crises teat 
threaten to meh down countries by the 
fistful are becoming a standard feature of 
the global economy. As they occur, the 
g o ve rnments of the big industrial coun- 
tries find themselves dragged into tee role 
of rescuing a market system that, in the- 
ory at least, is supposed to cure itself. 

What the international response to tee 

Asian crisis makes clear is how far gov- 
ernments have moved away from tee 
dominant view of tee Reagan and 
Thatcher years: that intervention hinders 
rather than helps in tee marketplace. 

“The idea mat governments can just 
stand aside does not work; the costs are 
too great,” said Barry Bosworth, a se- 
nior fellow at the Brookings Institution, 
a research group. 1 ‘The new view is that 
you cannot tell private parties you won’t 
bail teem out and they have to suffer the 
consequences of the marketplace-” 

Thar approach is evident in Asia. The 
acute debt-repayment problems of 
Korea, Thailand, Indonesia and other 

countries emerged barely six months ago, 

and already tee United States and other 
countries have committed more than 
$100 billion loheto diem, mainly through 
the International Monetary Fund. 

Compare that with Latin America in 
1981, when Mexico defaulted on tens of 
billions of dollars in debt, and Brazil, 
Argentina and other countries followed 
suit In that troubled period, it took eight 
years before the U.S. government in- 
tervened directly. The circumstances 


were different, of course, but out of teat 
Latin American crisis a new role for 
governments in international financial 
crises began to evolve. 

A key tenet of the new approach is 
quick response — offering funds almost 
immediately, usually in the form of 
loans channeled through the IMF. ”We 
did that in Mexico in 1995,” said Stan- 
ley Fischer, tee IMF’s deputy managing 
director, “and within two years, that 
money was repaid and Mexico was on 
the move again.” 

Tbe international environment was 
radically different in tee Latin America 
of 1981. Syndicates of U.S. b anks were 

NEWS ANALYSIS ~ 

tee big lenders. The borrowers were Lar- 
in American governments, not tee private 
sector, and banks thought sovereign gov- 
ernments would never default. 

When tee defaults unexpectedly 
came, the banks agreed to new loans to 
get the Latin American governments to 
agree to new repayment schedules. 

Anna Schwartz, an economist at the 
National Bureau for Economic Re- 
search, said, “The initial reaction was 
that tee only way to contain the 1 -atin 
debt crisis was to deny teat it existed.” 
. “And this went on until 1987,” she 
added, “when Citibank took tee lead in 
facing the truth.” 

Mr. Bush's treasury secretary, Nich- 
olas Brady, then offered what came to be 
known as Brady bonds. If the banks and 
the Latin American governments would 
agree to payments of, say, 50 cents of 


each dollar still owed, then tee Bush 
administration would guarantee such 
settlements by selling Treasury secu- 
rities to tee debtors equal to the dis- 
counted amounts tee debtor countries 
had agreed to pay. The securities guar- 
anteed repayment over a period of years, 
and so far the arrangement has worked. 

But until tee Brady solution, lending 
for new projects to many Latin American 
countries dried up, and economic growth 
slowed, hurting exports to tbe region. 

The quick-response approach so ev- 
ident in tee Asian crisis reflects a desire 
to keep those economies hamming. 

The Asian crisis, set off by devalu- 
ations similar ro Mexico’s, is different in 
several respects, particularly from the 
Latin American crisis of the 1980s. 
While that lending was mainly by U.S. 
banks to governments, die Asian loans 
came more from Japanese and European 
banks, with American lenders in third 
place. The loans were not to governments 
but to private borrowers such as real- 
estate speculators and manufacturers. 

Most important, tee Latin economies 
could not generate enough income in tee 
1980s to repay their debt. They had to 
negotiate debt reductions incorporated 
in the Brady bonds. But tee more power- 
ful Asian economies, particularly South 
Korea, are considered capable of gen- 
erating enough income for foil repay- 
ment as long as tee debt is spread out so 
that $34 billion — 22 percent of tee total 
owed abroad — does not have to be 
repaid by next December. The IMF’s 
bailout is intended largely to ensure 
repayment of these loans. 


F7-_ 

x- ' -CV' 


~.r: 




Investor’s America 


The Dow 


30-Year T-Bond Yield 


sooo 

7500 




TOM ■ 5,80 


Dollar in Yen 


1.65 ^ 1 


JASON 

1997 


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Source: Btoanbarg, RButars (meriunocBa Herald Traene 

Very briefly: 


A Federal Surplus in ’ 98 May Be a Mirage, Experts Warn % 


By John M. Berry 

Washingion Past Service 


WASHINGTON — A number of 
budget experts, including some in 
the Clinton administration, expect 
die federal government this year to 
chalk up its first budget surplus in 
nearly three decades. Butthe experts 
aren't sure the surplus will last. 

For that reason, many of them are 
arguing against spending any pro- 
spective surplus through tax cuts or 
increased outlays for federal pro- 
grams. Even if die fiscal 1998 
budget is balanced or shows a sur- 
plus, they say, some temporary 
factors are partly responsible. 

A better measure of the govern- 
ment's true budget position — one 
that can be projected into the future 
with more certainty — is what is 
known as the “structural 7 * budget 
deficit or surplus. This year dial 
measure is likely to show around 
$70 billion in red ink. 

There are essentially three rea- 
sons the experts are not sure the 
government's income is likely to 
continue to exceed its spending in 
coming years: 


•The U.S. economy may not be 
able to operate indefinitely .with an 
unempl oyment rate close to 43 per- 
cent. 

• The unexpected and largely un- 
explained surge in income-tax rev- 
enue over die past three years could 
dwindle. 

• Part of die deficit’s decline 
since fiscal 1992 has been due to the 
sale of assets die government ac- 
quired as part of the saving s-and- 
loan bailout begun in the 1980s, and 
only a few are left tb self 

The most important of these 
factors is whether it is reasonable to 
assume that die economy can con- 
tinue to operate indefinitely with 
such tight labor markets that the 
nation’s jobless rale can remain 
close to November's 4.6 percent, a 
24-year low. Many economists be- 
lieve that keeping unemployment 
so low will sooner or later cause 
inflation to accelerate. 

If that were to happen, die Federal 
Reserve Board would probably raise 
interest rates to cool the economy — 
which would cause unemployment 
•to increase — in order to keep in- 
flation under control. With higher 


unemployment, and probably lower 
corporate profits as well, federal 
revenue would be less than it oth- 
erwise would have been, while some 
government sp ending such as far 
jobless benefits, would be higher. 

In one of the 1998 budget doc- 
uments released last winter, the Of- 
fice of Management and Budget 


Temporary factors, 
such as high income- 
tax receipts, may he 
unsus tainabl e. 


explained: “Changes in die struc- 
tural deficit give a better picture of 
the impact of budget policy on the 
economy than does the unadjusted 
deficit During a recession or the 
recover from one, the structural 
deficit also gives a clearer picture of 
the deficit problems that fiscal 
policy, most address, because tins 
part of the deficit will persist even 
when the economy has fully re- 
covered, unless policy changes." 

A key element of the structural 


budget calculation is the determi- 
nation of the point at which the 
economy has "fully recovered. 
When the adminis tration drafted its 
fiscal 1997 budget at the end of the 
1995 calendar year, it assumed that a 
foil recovery meant that the unem- 
ployment rate would be about 5.7 
percent, a level that could be sus- 
tained indefinitely without running 
into trouble on inflation. A year 
later, that figure was lowered to 53 
percent as part of the 1998 budget 
presentation. 

Since sources said that estimate is 
probably not going to change when 
the 1999 budget is unveiled next 
month, it leaves the administration 
with a problem. Because unemploy- 
ment now stands at 4.6 percent, the 
administration is going to have to 
project a gradual increase in the un- 
employment rate over coming years, 
something that may be politically 
difficult to do. In effect, the admin- 
istration will be telling some workers 

read, "voters” — that economic 

rnndttirma are likely to deteriorate. 
This process, of course, also 

a... nf rKp iptnfll 


with the structural deficit. These re- 
sults leave little room for lax cuts or 
large new spending 
The Congressional Budget Office, 
whose estimate of unemdojmemm 
a full recovery is even higher, 5.8 
percent, will be putting out numbers 
Sowing an even greater nse in job- 
lessness — particularly since in the 
past it has also always assumed that, 
on average, the nation ain’t keep 
unemployment quite as low as the 

offi- 


unemploymem quite as row as u* 
full employment number implies. - 
Meanwhile, the Treasiuy offi- 
cials who are responsible for me 
administration’s revenue estimates 

im with on 


are struggling to come up with an 
explanation for why revenue, has 


means that projections of die actual 
L have torti 


deficit will 


» rise to converge 


explanation 

surged well above what might have 
been expected even with the strong 
economic growth. The general feel- 
ing, according to administration 
sources, is that some portion of the 
surge has been doe to the excep- 
tional performance of U.S. financial 
markets. To the extent that those 
markets cool off — the stock mar- 
ket, for example, has not set a new 
high since August — some of the 
extraordinary revenue gains could 
taper off. 


K* 

y* 

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v'/i* ! 1 - r 





- • 


4 % 


•• The National Organization of Internet Commerce has 
threatened to make public the e-mail addresses of 5 million 
America Online Inc. members if AOL continues to bar 
businesses in the group from pitching products to sub- 
scribers. 

• Boeing Co. will offer to develop a Ionger-range version of 
its 747-400 jumbo jet for airlines flying routes of more than 
8300 miles (13,280 kilometers) in an effort to compete with 
Airbus Industrie. 

• The Belk department store chain's 1 12 companies plan to 
merge into a single company to cut costs and com p ete with 
larger U.S. chains . 

• Boykin Lodging Co„ a real estate investment trust, has 
agreed to buy Red Lion Inns LP for $271 milli on in cash, 
stock and assumption of debt. 

• American Mobile Satellite Corp. .is buying Motorola 
Inc’s Ardis data-messagrng business for $100 milli on in 
stock and cash. 

• Paragon Trade Brand Inc. infringed on Procter & 

Gamble Co.’s patents for disposable diapers, a federal judge 
has ruled. AP I Bloomberg, WP ; Reuters 


Dollar Surges to Cap a Strong Year 


Cable TV Stake Seen for Microsoft 


CdmOdtyOiirSMfFnmDbraKha 

REDMOND, Washington — Microsoft Corp. is expected 
to unveil a $ 1 billion investment in Tele-Communications Inc. 
at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas next week, an 
analyst said. 

The investment would speed development of set-top boxes 
that link televisions to the Internet, said the analyst. Rob 
Endexie of Giga Information Group Inc. Tele-Communkations 
is the world’s largest operator of cable- television systems 

Microsoft said Wednesday that it had acquired Hotmail, a 
California company that provides a free electronic-mail ser- 
vice. (Bloomberg, AP) 


Ca^Oed br Our SefFiom D aptadei 

NEW YORK — Tire dollar 
capped a year in which the U.S. 
currency thrived on the strength of 
America’s economy, jumping Wed- 
nesday to a 316-month high against 
the Deutsche mark and also tiring 
against the Japanese yen. 

In tight New Year’s Eve trading, 
the dollar gained from last-minute 
purchases by traders who anticipate 
further dollar gains as Japan and 
other Asian countries struggle to 
revive their sagging economies. 

Traders normally try to diversify 
their holdings to start a new year, but 
the dollar has too much momentum 
going into 1998, said Sean Boven- 
izer, bead of foreign exchange at 
Narddeatscbe Landes bank. 

The mark suffered as traders con- 
tinued a recent sell-off of the Ger- 
man currency and the Swiss franc to 
rid themselves of holdings that built 
up in a flight from Asian currencies 
during autumn. 

At year’s end, "European cur- 
rencies have traditionally done well 
and we haven’t seen that trend at all 
in the last week,” Mr. Bovenizer 
said. 

The dollar closed Wednesday in 
New York at 1.7988 Deutsche 
marks, up from 1.7885 on Tuesday 
and its highest level since reaching 


1.7990 on Sept 10. The dollar 
settled at 130375 yen, op from 
130.130. 

The U.S. currency also finished at 
1.4620 Swiss francs, up from 
1.4543 and its highest level against 
the Swiss currency in more than two 
months. The dollar reached a three- 
month hi^h against the French 
franc, closing at 6.0235 francs, up 
from 5.9870 francs. Hie pound 


FOREIGN EXCHANGE 


slipped to a two-week low against 
tire dollar, finishing at $1.6475, 
down from $1.6560. 

For the year, the dollar finished 
16.7 percent higher agains t the 
Deutsche maift after scaling back 
from an 814-year high of 1.88I5DM 
on Aug. 6. Traders preferred Amer- 
ica’s stronger economic growth in 
1 997 and worried about the stability 
of Europe's planned common cur- 
rency, which is scheduled to debut 
in 1999 and would supplant the 
made as Europe’s dominant cur- 
rency. 

The dollar benefited from an ar- 
ticle in the German daily Boersen- 
Zeitnng quoting the president of the 
Bundesbank, Hans Tietmeyer, as 
saying Germany would not raise 
interest rates to match those of other 


European nations before the 
planned introduction of Europe’s 
single currency in 1999. 

Steady German interest rates 
would tend to bolster the dollar 
against the Deutsche marie by keep- 
ing returns on investments priced in 
marks from rising past those of dol- . 
lar-based assets. 

Against the yen, the dollar ended 
the year 123 percent higher, though 
slightly below a 5V6-year high of 
130.78 on Dec. 16, as dealers fled 
from Japan’s shaky financial mar- 
kets and low interest rates. 

Japanese financ ial markets were 
closed Wednesday through next 
week. U.S. currency markets were 
closed Thursday for New Year’s 
Day. 

But dealers noted that gains 
would be capped until early 1998 as 
the market remained frightened by 
threats of central bank intervention 
to slow tire dollar’s rise. 

While traders applauded interna- 
tional aid to South Korea, they 
agreed the nation’s problems were 
for from over and would still help 
weigh on the yetL 

“The situation remains critical 
but it could be stab ilising ” said 
Steve F lanagan , chief currency 
dealer at Erstc Bank. 

(AP, Bloomberg, AFP) 


A Busted Christmas Taboo ? 

More U.S . Companies Shed Workers Over Holidays 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — There is never 
a good time to announce layoffs, 
bat a taboo long forbade letting 
workers go en masse daring tire 
holiday season. 

Now, the unwritten ban on hol- 
iday job cuts has disappeared as 
companies struggle to balance 
their books before the end of the 
year. Among tire companies that 
announced sizable eod-of-year 
cuts in 1997: Eastman Kodak Ca, 
Boeing Co. and Hasbro Inc. 

NationsBank Corp. joined 
them Taesday, closing out 1997 
with the news that it will cut more 
than 6,000 jobs as part of . its 
takeover of Barnett Banks Inc. On 


mg the holidays, and it’s a grow- 
ing phenomenon. ” 

Mr. Challenger’s firm has not 
yet compiled its figures for layoffs 
in December, but for the first 1 1 
months of 1997, the number of job 
cuts was 14 nercent lower than for 


cuts was 14 percent tower man ic 
the comparable period of 1996. 
But Mr. Challenger said, tfa 


the 


Monday, Bethlehem Steel Coro. 

“~0 fobs 


raid it would eliminate 800 jot 
by closing its money-losing coke 
division by the end of March. 

The news echoed a chorus of 
layoff announcements in Novem- 
ber and December. 

“Since about 1995, the Christ- 
mas taboo has been shattered,” 
said John Challenger, executive 
vice president of Challenger,' 
Gray and Christinas, a Chicago 
outplacement firm that tracks job 
cuts. 

“Companies are laying off dur- 


gap narrowed significantly in 
November, and should nearly 
close once December's job cuts 
are tallied. 

"Tbe pace of layoff's actually 
accelerated during tire holiday 
season,” Mr. Challenger said. 

Xnrfaif announced 10,000 job 
cuts in November, then surprised 
employees and investors on Dec. 
18 with the news that 6,600 more 
positions would be eliminated. 

Boefog Co., which struggled in 
1997 with production delays as 
orders surged, said it wants to cut 
12,000 jobs in 1998. Hasbro an- 
nounced early in December that it 
would eliminate 2,500 jobs, about 
20 percent of its work force. 

On Wednesday, the Labor De- 
partment said 13,000 more Amer- 
icans filed fiist-time claims for 
unemployment benefits during 
Christmas week than in the pre- 
vious week. 






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AMEX 


U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Wednesday 4 PM. Close 

The30O most traded stocks of It* day, 
up tottie dosing oaWaD Street. 

The Associated Ptsss. 


im im aw Indexes 


Dow Jones 


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Most Actives 


NYSE 


Dec. 31, 1997 

H01 Low Latest Chge OpM 


HI* Low Latest Chge Opjrt 


Hlgb Low Latest age OpW 


Mgh Lew Latest Chge OpM 


271 iS 271*4 
259123 262121 2591-59 260737 *1 


271 JH 22X07 


Standard & Poors 


331 

2M 27H th 


Industrials 1127.751I1A9Z1121.3B —191 
Trap. 69298 678-48 68920 + 92S 

23*22 234JJ4 23591 +031 

11890 11807 11879 +048 
975.02 967.41 97*43 — 041 
46248 45886 45994 —139 



611ft -m 
im +n 
lift 12ft +ft 


■SB -tS 


Uta IS +H 
ISM 16ft +tft 
11 11* +ta 
21* m* 4>« 


Grans 

COHN town 

SOOO hu inMmuiw- cert per bato 
MOT 98 267 264* 265 -IN 167,207 

274 27RJ 771 “ 

27M 277 Z77M 

27*4 777* 2771V 

sb aaon to 

im 

275 275 275 

Est soles 17,000 Ties sales 30,164 
Tows opcnH 320064. off 1930 


sir 


Sep 98 
Dec 98 
Jut 99 
Dee 99 


-Mt 48452 
-7* 59,761 
■7 7.008 

-314 34291 
-214 401 

-1 672 


ORANGE JUKE 09CTN) 

UMte-ariipwb. 

Jan 98 8140 7940 8X00 -110 O StT 

Mir 98 8530 81.1Q BUD -2.15 SL757 

MayW 8895 1600 BUD -240 *225 

Jut 98 9140 98.10 9010 -230 1980 

Est sdes *000 Tires tabs 11494 - 
TuW* qwriW 44372, aflW37 


ID-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MATIF) 

Fmun-rimrHQid 

Mar 98 T0&94 10X521 10086 + 008 120656 

•Am 98 10000 99.90 100.16 +006 601 

S6P 98 9936 99.76 9992 +096 0 

Bt wrier 331.1 73. 

Open feri: 1 21957 off 9JQ5. 


Dec 98 9S59 9*47 9X57 +005 682S7 

**ar 99 9*48 9043 9547 +004 90(07 

Jim 99 9533 9528 9535 +4UJ7 20499 

Sop 99 9520 95,19 9530 +008 7.545 

Dec 99 N.T. NX 9508 +007 847 

Est arias 1*904. Pie*. (tries: 30256 
Pnv.apenlnL 56*556 up 1976 


ITALIAN GOVERNMENT BOND OJFFB 


Nasdaq 


513.13 SMS 511.19 +031 

fi£ US 
Si? 3iS SJ? *10 


VWeaLan 

Amb*j 


128257 fti 
T25ta 
r 711ft 
22ft 
31 


w m 


jSK 

DtSCpfJ 


157948 1561.14 157*31 +531 

Igffi 120645 ! mg +124? 


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74842 5714 


7V» 


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.... 78 U -1ft 

2^^ 3 

4 4M + 1W 
SSW 55M -ft 

1 1ft +ft 
SOfl u -Ift 
lg TBJ* -1 
S 30ft A* 
34ft 74ft -ft 


SOYBEAN MEAL ICBOTJ 

100 dotian par ton 

Jan 90 20*70 20X00 20330 -340 1*053 
toW 20530 20070 201 JO -100 4L033 
May 98 20430 20030 20040 -230 2*543 
•M9S 20520 20230 20230 -2.10 1*336 
Aug 98 20530 20330 20330 -140 5141 
5cp98 20440 2O3J0 20140 -1J0 1723 
EM. Bria 11000 ftwi Briei 21 A 0 
Hies open M 110221 up 402 


Metals 

GOLD (NCMX) 

too Boy A- dBflon perboyi*. 

Jw98 289 JO .170 2 

Fob 90 29130 2R20 309.90 070 81216 

Mar 98 29070 Ud*. 

Apr 90 19230 29*00 29140 -1.70 11843 

Jun98 2S43Q 29IJ0 0340 OJO 114M 

» 98 29*20 29540 29540 -170 5480 

IB 29740 -130 19D9 

Dee 98 SOOJO 297 30 29970 -130 11567 

Feb 99 30250 30170 30170 -130 1929 

Ed. eotes 13300 TOWS BriK 17JS6 
UteYqMp hri 17770* up 141 


m.200 BriBoe - pto or 100 pd 

Mar 98 115J2 115J2 11547 +034 11*859 


JOB 90 N.T. N-T. 11537 +034 

Est soles: 749* Pre*. Brits: 22369 
Pws-apenb*: 11 &HB oH 1717 


Industrials 

144 COTTON 2 MCTN) 


LIBOR 1-MONTH CCMER} 


S3 DriNoo. ptsol 100 pd. 

Jon 98 9*32 *439 9432 +031 20896 


9432 9*29 9431 +033 11365 
Mar 98 9426 9*22 9425 +033 1112 

Est BUM 2760 Toe's sains *100 
Tim <*Mn W 38781, up 007 


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SOYBEAN OIL KBOT) 

AOlOQO bi-cvrls dot Eh 

Jon 98 25.18 2472 2479 -030 7371 

Mar 9« 25JO 25.15 2*27 4122 5*581 

May9« 2579 25*2 2543 -014 17326 
Jot 98 25.90 2545 25J8 -002 1Z333 

Aug 98 2S45 2540 2543 -*17 3416 

Sep 98 2540 2530 2530 4.15 L329 

Ed. sdes 16300 Ibn Briei »71 2 
TuMepea bit 9W42,off437 


SOYBEANS CCSOT7 

5300 Ba wMtou ra ee irii per biMhd 

Jan 98 683 670 670ft -I0M 17347 

Mar 98 687 675ft 676ft -9ft 53405 

Moy98 692ft 602ft 683ft 4 2*681 

Jut 98 490ft 688 489 4M 2*774 

Aug 91 694 687 688 -Aft *206 

EsL Briet 21000 Dm sriei 41278 

TIM 0PM M 1311<1 0» IW 


HI GRADE COPPEROKMX) 

25300 m%r cents pd b. 

Jan 90 7830 7630 7*90 4.15 

FbIjSB* 7840 7745 7745 445 

Marta 7940 7130 7B.HJ 440 

Apr 98 7170 440 

Marta 8020 79.10 79.10 -025 

Junta 0040 7945 7945 4L2S 

Julta «U5 79 JO 79.90 -045 

Augta 8100 8*40 8040 -CL4S 

Sep 98 (140 8030 8030 440 

Est sots 3300 TOPS »ri» 4741 
Tktn span 887074* Ml 844 


1271 
2408 
24366 
1460 
1382 
14 O 
*13* 
U73 
XSS8 


Trwfing Activity 


Nasdaq 


1844 

1112 

% 

Dvcftiwj 


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II 

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Mew Lows 


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% 



Market Sales 




dm 



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Pm. 


% 

NYSE 

44735 


S&54 

1» 

in 


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4928 

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s 

Nasdaq 

709*1 


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15 

lamMbns. 





WHEAT ICBCm 

53001m ■Mm un-cem per bushel 
Mm 98 329ft 325ft 325ft -2 5*690 

Mayta 337ft 333U 333ft -1ft 11930 

Julta 343ft 33Vft 339ft -2 2*233 

Septa 349 347ft 3 m -2 1401 

EsL«alef *000 Urn edfte 1*216 
Um open tot 9X742. up 1452 


SJLVCT tNCMXJ 
5300 buy ol- ants perl 
Jem 9S 593J0 -19.70 

Marta 6T7J0 58030 59SJ0 -19 JO 

Mayta 60530 58530 60030 -1930 

JM90 42030 59030 60080 -1930 

Septa _ 60030 -19-20 

Dec 90 66030 59030 60*30 -1930 

Jew 99 60120 -19 JO 

Est (ales 2MOO rue’s Brief 13495 
Tim open W 9844* off 1,146 


EURODOLLARS (CMER) 

SI mBan-pts al 100 pd. 

Fdlta 9423 9*20 9423 +003 7364 

9*24 9411 9422 +033 484577 

9422 9415 9*21 +005 38*371 

9*18 9*10 9*16 +005 263402 

9*09 9*01 9*07 +005 224493 

9*29 9*01 9*07 +035 160044 

9*05 9339 9434 +0.05 137404 

94IB 93.97 9*01 +035101972 

9331 93.94 +004 103357 
93.97 93.93 9196 +004 7*692 

9Xf4 9191 9194 +034 6*000 

9X92 «3? 9197 +034 54810 

&*- B*s inJM Tton Brief 2SL165 
Tun open W 2411,93* vH 15416 


Mor 98 
Junta 
Septa 
Dec 98 
Mar 99 
Jen 99 

Sep 99 

Dec 99 
Mar 00 
Am 00 
Sep 00 


Mor 98 

6725 

6*90 

6707 

-an 

42278 

«" 

6825 

6820 

6*50 

+0.10 

1*934 

7100 

4920 

6928 

Undi. 

1*866 

OdW 

7100 

7100 

7100 

-0.03 


Dec 98 

7160 

7150 

7155 

+*05 

11525 

EsL HriBS 2000 Tries uries *176 


Tueft open M 8747* off 1.926 



HEATING WL0M8ER) 





4908 

-038 

1*162 


5*35 

49,40 

49.72 

*18 

57.205 

Mar W 

50*5 

4X60 

4907 

-023 

21.925 

Apr 98 

5*40 

4900 

4907 

*18 

114M 

5025 

4925 

49 J7 

*18 

*104 

Jun 98 

5*30 

4900 

4VJ7 

*18 

11128 

Jul 98 

50-75 

5*45 

5*07 

*18 

*787 


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18 

6 * 8*1 

7494 

7J96 

1416 

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BRITISH POUND (CMER) 

62400 pwmds, S pm pound 

J-f»* 14M 14466330B8 3*426 

Am 98 14400 14060 14*033028 U20 

Septa 14334-OOQS 4 

Eft Brim 7,140 TtiM Brief 1*891 
Twi epmi W 3L73* off L0&5 


UMIT SWEETORUDE WMERJ 
* Mon ** **■ 

17 - S0 17 -« +436 117JM0 

17J1 1733 +031 49.751 

2C.M JHi ,8j03 +0-01 27481 

Mayta 1840 1*17 18J1 +031 21453 

1*31 1*35 Undi 34042 

Julta 1840 1*44 1*44 Until. 2L346 

Ed. Brief NA. Hies Brief 71408 
Tims open bri 411414 up 1971 


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lOOOOnun ““ft Spmaw Mu 
2395 tSs • — 


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MVHKETS 


m 




PLATINUM 06MER) 


SMmr a*- doBaa per boy k. 

Jan 98 37130 36530 37030 +340 


Livestock 

CATTLE (CMER) 

4*000 a>*- earis per to. 

Feb 98 66 J 0 6*30 6645 +4.10 48464 

Apr 98 6935 6*65 6*77 +*22 2*413 

Am 98 £842 6*17 6*27 +*10 15490 

Augta 69.10 6*75 6*77 331 *620 

Odta 7132 7145 7147 UndL 1453 

Decta 7230 7230 7230 UndV 335 

Eft safes *336 Tow sales 1*779 
TVWf open be 10147* oR 9*130 


Apr 98 36930 36140 36*80 +530 

Julta 366J0 36130 36630 +5JD 

«Wta 36630 +530 

EsLsrief NA-TIm golns 2403 
Tun open id 1L16& off 129 


1352 

*7BT 

312 

15 


CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER) 

1 00300 dtAr*S per Cdn. dt 
?*£ SSI J007+03013 6*742 

•25 22? 'TWl +03015 1743 

Septa -7090 .7032 3032+03017 986 

Ed. Brief 6342 Tim sales 73)9 
Tun open M 6 * 11 * up 577 


Marta 2-255 Z205 Z^O +OOT 7 

+152 1175+0330 12,747 
Mayta 2.175 2.145 2-165 +0315 91401 

Jff" pss 2.170 +0315 *357 

Jdta 2.175 2.160 1175+0315 *921 

Erijeltf MA. Tun Brief 21410 
TWfOpanliri 191441 up *055 


^ Lt« 


IS 


LONDON METALS OME) 


Plwrfaus 


Dividends 

Coraputry Per Ant Rec Pay 

IRREGULAR 

Cm+urySfnTr _ JN1M0 ^30 


Coapany 

PS Find 


Per Ant Rec Pay 
- 430 1-15 1-30 


V unu uw U Bd lot 
VouguonffidSM 
VangnJ HiYM Pan 
ftmgnt Lang Ttai 


.3517 12-30 1-2 

- 3517 13-30 1.2 

. 3518 1^30 1-2 

- 3575 12-30 1-2 


INITIAL 

Goddon! Indus? - 33 1-23 2-6 

VSECorpn _ 336 M 2-26 


FEEDER CATTLE (CMER) 

5*000 ftf, onto per lb. 

Junta 7*20 7540 7547 +032 *993 

Marta 7*u 7542 75-70 -*17 *323 

Aprta 7645 7*90 7*55 +002 2459 

Mayta 77J7 7742 7740 +035 1465 

A»BW 7930 7940 7947 335 913 

Snn 7945 7947 7945 +035 182 

Ed. Brits 2300 Tan salnx 4036 
Tun open M 1741* up 400 



1S7« 1SS8JB 
Dwria (HMb Graft 

172X00 172430 
175230 175X00 


1523ft 

154*00 


1524ft 

15(730 


GERMAN MARK (CMER) 

72*000 mate Sperma* 

Marta 4620 4581 45B44MXH8 77,160 
*"2 4612-03(728 1209 

Septa 409 33028 1436 

Ed. sales *731 Ten total 1*418 
Tun open b* 82308, ep 4360 


"MLfADED CASOUNE (HMER) 


171230 

174030 


171330 

174130 


55*00 


55930 

56S30 


56*00 

55430 


54730 

55530 


596530 597030 

606030 601530 

Til 

fttot 538530 539530 
Fonrcfi! 54W30 541530 

Zftc Bpedd HM GnOa) 
Spot W9O30 109130 
Forsrartf 111230 llia30 


JAPANESE YEN (CMER) 

^"^633029 84932 
Junta J842-03D30 2.102 

Septa J947-0303) 262 

Bri-solm *040 TUn seta 12^24 
TUtrscpen bri 8740* off *447 



598530 

607530 


541530 

544030 


544330 


1099ft 

112130 


1100ft 

112230 


SWISS FRANC (OWES) 

1 25300 fraaa. S pertaic 

12SS a- 331 

Mnta 4989 4067 4967 -410036 839 

s^ta JW7-83037 1,102 

Ed. seta 7^26 Tun eaki 1*170 
Ten open fed 4X497. ep 1,908 


STOCK SPUT 


YEAREND 


Craig Corp A2 tar 1 split. 
FFPPartnerAir 


dwgl FTP Mortaftnp fcr 

(gdllMtM* 

Ml HfflrCftY LP 1 shr Of NR He«n RooRr 

tar eadi flora held. 

Staples lac 3 krSspBL 


Bumhon Fund A _ 175 15 

REvedGrwlnee _ 139 12 


1-0 

1-2 


STOCK 

Monocacy Bksta _ 10% 2-3 2-17 
REVERSE STOCK SPLIT 


Dental Sn Am 1 tar SneanaspBl. 
nil lifttailflill iirTniirnf riT 


ACMCaeSeair 
Advance Find Bn 
GfesderBncp 
CraenStRnd 
HoticoefcPofCfc 

fCN Ptawmacaat 
Lokctcnd Find 
Monocacy Blair 


REGULAR 


C JMS 1-9 1-16 

0 JOB 12-30 1-15 

a .12 1-13 1-22 

- .11 M2 1-23 

MJX7S 1-9 1-30 
Q 38 1-14 1-28 

a JS 1-9 1-26 

a .11 1-12 1.26 


HO»Ltfti(CMEIO 
40008 bs.-cenhparta. 

FlOW S7.92 5745 S770 -0.15 

Apr 98 5645 5*17 5*25 -027 

Junta 64.10 6152 6347 4140 

Jd9B OJO SU1 62J7 -OC 

Augta 6140 4030 4095 -047 

Ed. sales 4£J7 Tun uta *806 
Turn open tat 3*731. up 284 


Mgh Lew dan Chge Opinf 


21458 

8350 

*065 

392 


GtaderBncp 


SPECIAL 

_ .0* 1-13 1-22 


Oder ef Jan 98 BMotUy taMndf 

ISSSSSffiEta n* 


stare/ADifr rpayatrie la 

mw—My -l ipinrtMlf t mmliuiftBig, 


PORK BELLIES (CMER) 

4Q3»B>t, cents pw- to. 

Feb 98 5145 49J0 5082 -1.92 

Marta 51.10 »Ji 4t7S -182 

Mayta SI 45 5040 5030 -130 

Ed. Brim 1L3S2 Tun Brief 1407 
Tlta open N 9352. up 293 


&65P 

1474 

LI06 


Rnanclal 

US T BILLS (CMER) 

SI raOBao. eftol TOO pd 

Marta nM 9495 9*97 *<IJB 8373 

Jnta 9*95 9*93 9(93 +634 M49 

Septa 9*90 +001 23 

Est seks 92S Tun sales 767 

Tun epee W 944* oB 176 


MBOCANPESOICMER) 

waa pesos- Spv peso 

Wor98 ,12090 .T2Q50 ,12DUU.QQ07i kcm 

juata .11677 .11670 -11677+30071 

.11330+30071 *801 

EsL eatos 464 Ton Bri* 1.750 
Tun (pen tot 2*43* (rifUQS 


S TREASURY CCBOT) 

SI 00300 prfD-pft *641hs cT HO pa 
Marta 10841 180-23 108-0 +15 23*057 
Ainta 106-40 +15 156 

§d. soles 15300 Tbn softs 31442 
Tm open M 23*211 off 7466 


Septa 
Decta 
Me* 99 
JW99 
straw 


139365 

11*016 

83499 

79.202 

6640 

6*156 

4X961 


U Stock Tobias Exphrmed 

Softs Ogores ore unoffidoLYtotayhigbs end lu« raBetf ftepreufUB 52 weeks ptaftecumiri 
woefc Urfnolttiel u te 3 t to fctadgy.Wlie«eo3pEaTludttWdendgioinltagta25 paced or nwre 
has bm pnl the jeon NgMa* nmpa and dMdendmw shown forme new stocks on* Untass 
ooftrabt nrtea rafts d (Sndends on onnucJ tfsbusenienb toned on fce West dedaite 
a - tfvfderrt aba edia (sL b - mmuol rale of dridend jrius stack divideniL c - BquKMng 
dividend, cc - PE eaoeacfc 99-dd - enfled. d - now party Iw. rid - lass in ihe lad « moaths. 
• - AMUd dedoted Or paid in pMG 8 diO 0 12 months, f - annual rate biaeased on ksl 

deeferattoag ‘dividend In CanwSan fund* sufcftci to 15% iton-rasldcrtee fax. i -dividend 

dedared after s^Vup«sioadmftnd.|-d*ta«d paid This Ytflr.otnBletL deferred, or no 
adtan taken at West Mftad mnfing. k - Addend declared or paid this yean an 
acamwiattwlmiawn dMdends taancaa. a -annual rate reduced on lost decollation, 
n - now ftsw fat lire past 52 malB. Tire high-tow range kegias wflfa Ihe start of hafing. 
nd - nod day deEvery. p- InNtaldMdaiid nunioi rate unknown. P/E- prtcereandngs itrito. 

q-dosed-end mutual fondr-divuienddedived or paid in practttatgl2monda,pfai9 stack 

cWdend. s - stodt spSL Dividend D*gin* wflh dole of spm- ris- softs, t - dMduid prid in 
stack to jwceiftio 12 monte estimated cash vote an «-(Sefdend or ■'-dbftteifan date 

a-newyeortylUgh.e-lipdiaB&oggd.v(-iob>iiftnqricyorreaivenliipwbeingie<irBgn iJ Bd 

under the Bankiuplcy Act arseCMSOSGaiUflfttfbrsaEh companies, wd- when ORl&uted 
wi - wtren issuatv war - w»h wafiaats. t ■ e»-*ndend or a-dgtds. was ■ mdUUbdtaL 
sw - wimouT urenunfs. y- SK-fflvMend and sales in fun. fU - yftld x- sales In fuB. 


COCOA OUSE F ° CK * 

10 neMe tans- spar bn 

Mor 98 1641 1639 1630 -11 4*561 

Moyta 1673 1660 1661 

Mta 1694 1605 I486 

1720 1710 1710 


JU . 
Septa 
Dec* 


-18 2L0T9 
10 5347 
TO 5315 


1340 1)32 1732 -17 W*4 


McwW 1763 (Til 1761 
6 * soles *116 Tuwi abs 2J175 
Tries open 189 * 56*00392 


-12 840 


coffee eoicsa 

37400 ft*. «ft per ft. 

Marta 16743 IBS) U24S *35 1*488 
Mayta 161J8 1SSSI 157J5 .1JS 34W 
MW 15550 15000 15230 -145 UTS 
Septa 14860 14500 14655 -140 L34B 
Decta 14100 141 JS U1.J5 -1.00 U29 

Est softs USlTunrtC* *706 
Tries open M 27JOL up 122 


5UBARWORLD 11 (HOS 
11 X 000 tos, cents par to. 

122 


10 YR TREASURY (C80T) 

SJOtme prln- pb s 3toiA M HN pd 
M“98 112417 111-2* 1124H + 10 357418 

Junta 112-06 111-28 1IM4 +10 2222 
SW* 112-04 +io 270 

Nri«3L9ta Tan Brits 61721 
Toes open ipl 34*110. off 7^81 

!? lyiHiET « 0,IDS 

B PdWNOMftpb A 32ndt al 100 pd} 

^STb? 32hi? I® -15 +79*7*411 

AmW 13*07 11*22 120-05 +19 3UJT3 
J19-29 +19 *171 
119-21 +19 *783 

Brijaes 100030 Tow* rafts 22L902 

Toes wen W 720541 on 3*960 

i««GiiTamtai 

ww - pb * 32noi n! lOOpd 

t*l-« +0-11 17*422 
N.T. K.T. 105-04 ItadL 1JM 
gJt-ttrifeB: *709. Pm. Brier 23526 
Pie*, open Wj 177J2C ^889 


WAONTH STERLING OJFFE) 

Esoaooo-ph of taopd . 

MwW 9243 92J9 9142 

Junta 9253 9250 9252 +SS 

9U7 97M VJM 

9245 9182 9245 +U4 

93^6 fid n%l tog; 

9U4 9337 ISS 

9140 9337 9340 +*04 
2)314 

me.opwfe*: 67EL52E up 3445 

Saw ^ l7 ' TO 

tota 94* MK S2 781 

Tzs IS-I? 9630 +4UB 36*339 

J un ^ ?607 9*si 96J17 +0J14 33CU9S 

D«ta Sifn +<Ul3 34*343 

□K99 £2 ^ +a “ OJJ0 

Dec 99 95.13 9*08 95.13 +004 71487 

Prrnr, open 1.77*999. UR UAM 


J«W 53J5 5230 5X81 
gbta S4J5 5330 5360 
Mnr98 5480 aim 500 
*F«L g-15 5670 5630 
Marta 57 JO 56 JO S&.K 
98 5640 56.75 5a *ji 

»» 

SS40 5530 9.15 
EtLMftfllATrieb nrira 3*899 
TWs open M K&619, df 948 

&ASOIL 0 PEJ 

Km - tab ollOO ton 

e£12 IS - 00 T49J5 150.00 — 1.00 24711 
}^S ,51 -“ 151-90 -1.00 17322 

Marta Vn s o 15X00 15X00 ion Inin 

Aflta 15475 15400 15400 - '75 'c» 
Mayta 1975 1900 iSS — 135 TM 6 

Ari« 15775 157.25 157 JS — lS 16ta 

Prev. softs ! 1*633 
Pwe. apan tot: 9*346 up 1 364 

BRENT QILQpp 

S? w ?Kl hon- • to* 1 ri' ljna bonsft 

l 450 16JB -015 Tijo 
tSS ]*« 14J1 -OLO 4X236 

jjgJS, JJ29 1*84 — *06 1*470 

W "3*99 1*80 16.95 — (MM 3+-+W 

^ ,7 - 0s 17-04 -JaS 

\™L ,6 -« ».«-« W? 




1 TpMftfB+.ftf. 

w ' 
‘■■•rmriftri 




M»ta 1131 1X21 1122 -CDS 97J15 GERMAN COV-GUHD (UFFD 
Un»ee l+tn lira 1 , ra run> niHwmi . -+ JlS. 


Marta 1107 11J8 11.99 4UB 33.007 
Julta 1147 11J9 1140 -0.06 3*430 


Odta 1160 7155 119 *04 2*M3 
EsL fates 1*355 Tiws ufti 7J15 
Triws open tor 19747* ap 273 


OMisaooo- risen 00 Pd 

>OL89 10*19 +0.19 mm 


WJONTHPIBORtMATin 

FFSoriNon-pKaf lODect 

Jaata M40 96J0 9*31 - 0 LO 2 Lm 

S 77,927 

ESI. softs: 2243. 

Open tol_- 257J32 ad 3.121 


JSDxbutex 
™ 100 OJFFE) 

51810 - ,m «■ 

iBsaarw" . 

!S!2 

Fab ta 25e5 ISPO +27 a 4*687 

a Ifni’s 

OimvtrU 9]J64ofl 1 


>145* 


Com, nwflt» Indexes 


Jun ta H.T. H.T. 10160 +0.19 "i,ul 
^aT-e ftefj 2U92. Pie*. arifeK 7*080 
PT9T. newt fctt.- 72X2)2 off 1*335 


3J80NTN EURO LIRA OJFFE) 

ITL 1 mNtaa • pis al 100 pd 

Marta 9*68 9461 .8467 dmin — 

»» »» 

Mpta 91£3 9561 9*99 tfljjj 92J08 


torey* 
Reujere 
OJ. Fuiures 
css 


Sources- 

im- 


am Pmiul s 

1,447.10 140*87 

1.753*0 1,75*30 

1«.97 Ml J9 

229.14 21*54 

■omettPrm LanM> 

Exchange, tort 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


i>n h , |( 


PAGE 13 


EUROPE 




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Buys Rival 
In Betting 

With Sale of Cored, 
Bass Strives for Focus 


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Ctmjiiinih^ Our Staff Fran DbpaeUa 

LONDON — Ladbroke Group 
PLC said Thursday 'it has bought 
Coral, a rival in the bookmaking 
business, from Bass PLC, cutting to 
two the number of Britain’s big bet- 
ting shop chains. 

Ladbroke, which also manages 
Hilton hotels outside die United 
States, will pay £375.5 million 
‘ s833Cor- 
i Ireland, 
existing Lad- 
broke shops to Tcrte Bookmakers 
Ltd. for £41 million to meet antitrust 
requirements. 

The deal leaves die new gronping 
with nearly twice as many outlets as 
its main rival, W illiam HID, whose 
1 ,530 shops were bought recently by 
the Japanese in vest m ent bank 
Nomura International PLC. The 
privately held chain Stanley is No. 
3, with 576 outlets. 

The acquisition comes as the Brit- 
ish retail betting industry recovers 
from a slump triggered by the 1994 
start of the National Lottery. In the 
last three years, more than 600 bet- 
ting shops have closed as the lottery, 
which is easier to play and requires 
□o knowledge of sports, has drawn 
customers away from traditional 
betting. 

“This transaction further under- 
lines Ladbroke’s commitment to its 
betting businesses,” said Mike 
Smith, chief executive of Ladbroke’s 
betting and gaming division. 

“Racing relies upon a successful 
betting industry for its funding, and 
the dal will ensure that both in- 
dustries remain strong well into die 
□ext century,” Mr. Smith added. 

Coral's pretax profit for die year 
ended Sept 30 was £33 milli on. 
Ladbroke said die acquisition would 
improve its earnings per share in 
fiscal 1998. The takeover of Coral’s 
Ireland shops will need approval 
from Irish antitrust authorities, it 
said. 

For Bass, the disposal comes as 
the brewer seeks to focus on its more 
profitable British brewing, beer re- 
tailing and managed-pub opera- 
tions, as well' as its Holiday Inn 
international hotel chain. 

Bass sold its Gala UJL bingo 
game business and franchise pub 
operations last month far a com- 
bined £844 millio n and plans to re- 
turn £850 million to shareholders 
throogh the issue of new shares. 

' “This disposal is inline with our 
strategy to narrow die focus of our 
leisure retailing business to higher 
growth sectors,” said Sir Ian Pross- 
er, chairman of Bass, in a separate 
statement 

Bass achieved increases in op- 
erating profit increases at both its 
beer and managed-pub businesses in 
the six months ended Sept 30, even 
as overcapacity and declining de- 
mand for beer in Britain cut revenue, 
and as changing consumer tastes 
force pub owners to spend money 
revamping the traditional masculine 
image of pubs, ; i 

Buss may spend die proceeds 
from the sales of businesses on ac- 
quisitions. 

The company has said it has “the 
financial resources to take advan- 
tage of opportunities to make stra- 
tegic acquisitions.” 

{Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Swiss Banker a Bridge in Nazi Gold Affair 


By John Tagliabue 

New York. Times Service 


he was sent to the Dachau concentration camp, him as an obstinate defender of Swiss hanlrinp 

a * i- . i .■ i. i i: i j.. _• 


ZURICH — Hans Baer seems tailor-made 
for representing Swiss banks in their bitter 
struggle with Jewish organizations over the 
recovery of assets belonging to Holocaust vic- 
tims. "■ 

For decades, the 70-year-old Mr. Baer ran the 


j to the article, the bank had charged a 
fee of $8oto look into the matter, found nothing 
and icily informed the woman that "the search 
can go no further.” 

r. Baer did his own investigating and dis- 


interests, who believed the issue of Holocaust 
accounts had long been settled and who re- 
sented Jewish groups’ efforts to reopen it. 

Hie Crux of the dispute, Mr. Baer says, was 
and is documentation. He uses his own bank as 


coveted that the woman’s father had" survived 111 example. Before World War Q, he says, 
Dachau and had opened the account in the identification was rarely required of account 
T .. . - 1950s. Yetwhen he saw the legalistic language openers, and riot until the 1960s did Bank Julius 

Jutras Baer Group, one of the biggest private of the letter that his bank had written to the Baer regularly require that prospective depos- 
banlong groups m Zurich, Switzerland’s fi- ■* — ’ * ’ • * ~ • • • *- — * « — — — 


19400 




W 

.mar 


£.‘»Vt 

wViJ" 




m Zurich, Switzerland's 
nancial capital, and he remains its 
chan-roan emeritus. T har gives hwh in- 
fluence with Swiss bankers. 

As a teenager, be lived in New York 
for several years, so he speaks fluent 
English with a slight American accent 
and understands American culture and 
the American character. That gives 
him a big advantage in dealing with 
American Jews and their sympathizers 
in Congress and the courts, who are 
among the Swiss banking industry's 
severest critics. 

Finally, Mr. Baer is that anomaly, a 
Jewish Swiss banker, the elder states- 
man of the only important Zurich bank 
founded by a Jewish fami l y And that ■ 
gives him credibility with die Jewish 
groups that are demanding re stituti on 
from Switzerland for money that has 
long disappeared into the black hole of 
Swiss banking secrecy. 

Today, two and a half years into the 
negotiations for a resolution to the dis- 
pute, he has clearly won die trust of 
both sides. 4 4 He realized early on, earli- 
er than any other Swiss banker, that a 
big error was bring made” by stone- 
walling, said Israel Singer, secretary- 
general of the World Jewish Con- 
gress. 

That does not mean that Mr. Baer is 
a pushover. Ivan Pictet, a partner at 
Pictet & Co. in Geneva, one of Switzer- 
land’s most successful private banks, 
describes him as "one of die best de- 
fenders of the Swiss financial center in 
the last 12 months, in the nightmare we 
went through.” He added, 44 We owe 
him quite a lot” 

His secret seems to be not so much 
negotiating brilliance as putting a hu- 
man face on Swiss banking. At first, 

the financial establishment here treated 

demands by Jewish groups for a full 
accounting of what happened to the 
assets of Jews killed by the Nazis as a public- 
relations nuisance. 

Mr. Baer himself was slow to see the Jewish 
groups’ point of view. Bank Julius Baer had 
done a search of its records in 1962foraocounts 
of Holocaust victims, as required by a new 
Swiss law. That, he figured, was enough- 

He, and his banking colleagues, soon real- 
ized it wasn’t, as Ameri can cities and states 
threatened boycotts and Holocaust survivors 
brought a class-action lawsuit before a U.S. 
court in October 1996. 


family, he was shocked. A fellow Swiss hanker 


Denial, Anger and Finally Acceptance 

For over SO years, the hefre and relatives of Jews who had opened 
Swiss bank accounts and died in The Holocaust were denied access to 
them. Often, the banks denied the accounts even existed. Now, 
Swteeriand is negotiating with international Jewish agendas over the 
recovery of assets m those accounts. Here is a chronology of events. 


rare 


I 


&*>.■ 

•• 


.?>r: 

>.i*V 
-on-. • 


HAY25.1B46 Switzerland agrees to repay $58 mfflon of 
SOU mat Germany had stolen and deposited in 
Switzerland during World War IL The Swiss also agree ■ 
to toy to locate assets of Jews who were kfled during the 
war and make them available to their survivors. 
occ.ao.iss 2 With tew Jewish accounts having been 
identified by Swiss banks, the Government passes a law 
requiring them to catalog afl unknown accounts. An 
agency set up to handle inquiries atjouf these assets 
only locates S2 mBBon. Some accounts theft are not 
resolved are claimed by the banks. 

September Swiss banks agree to look tor more 
unclaimed accounts after secretly meeting with the 
World Jewish Congress, 
reu. 7 The banks announce the total amount in 
unclaimed accounts is $32 miBon. 

! aprl 23 Senator Afonse D 1 Amato begins hearings into 

Swiss harxfing of do oiman t bank accounts. Hans Baer 
testifies on behaff of the banks. 

I — OCT. a A class-action suft la filed In New York against the 
Swiss banks seeking $20 bMon for Nazi victims. 

I — Dec. is Swteeriand passes a law barmiig destruction of 
wartime documents. 

f- dec. si Swteeriand's departing president Jean-Pascal 
Detamuraz, says the cals for restitution are a Jewish 
attempt to btackmafl the country. Ha later apologizes. 

r jan. a A guard at Union Bank of 

Switzerland, Christoph Meffi, finds 
wartime records set aside for destruction 
and gives them to Swiss Jewish leaders. 
jan. 22 Rainer Gut, chairman of Ci&ft 
Suisse, proposes creating a fund for 
Holocaust survivors and their relatives Christoph Matt 
and offers $72 m&ion. 

SeuiOKRmmKJSseoomMIPnet; ’NahOckroyTamBow 



N.Y. Tkraa News Service 


once told him, he said, that “if the Swiss banks 
had been kinder, much of this would not have 
happened,” and he agrees. 

At the vexy least he said, letters to families 
who inquired about a deceased relative's ac- 
count should have begun by saying that the 
bank was terribly sorry to learn of the death. 
“The words ‘sorry’ and ’terribly’ are missing,” 
Mr. Baer said. 

His involvement in the negotiations began in 
September 1995, when officials of the World 
Jewish Congress met the board of the Swiss 


itors present a passport. Even when papers were 
filed away, many were lost or forgot- 
ten. 

Jewish officials point additionally to 
a 10-year statute of limitations in 
Switzerland for accounts that show no 
deposits or withdrawals, after which the 
banks may destroy the account records, 
blurring any trail of assets: 

Mr. Baer championed die banks’ le- 
gitimate interests, while gradually 
opening to the concerns of Jewish rep- 
resentatives. In the end, he was able to 
find a way to bridge die distrust that 
separated the two sides: the appoint- 
ment of an international commission of 
historians to study Swiss finanriaf deal- 
ings with Nazi Germany and the es- 
tablishment of an independent audit of 
Swiss banks' books headed by Paul 
Volcker, the former Federal Reserve 
Board chairman. 

A May 1996 memorandum laying 
out the terms of the agreement was 
drafted Jointly by Baer and Singer of the 
World Jewish Congress. Bank Julius 
Baer was one of five banks chosen by 
Mr. Volcker’s group for a test audit 
The othersHwrie the cantonal banks of 
Geneva and St Gall; Bank Baumann, 
and the Union Bank of Switzerland. 
Test audits were run on five other 
banks: Credit Suisse, Swiss Bank 
Corp., Pictet & Co., Cantonal Bank of 
Waadt, and Bern Savings and Loan 
Bank. 

As the talks have continued, the at- 
titude of Swiss bankers has evolved 
from a circle-the-wagons mentality to 
one much more sensitive to world opin- 
ion. That change was evident in the 
Union Bank of Switzerland’s treatment 
of a night watchman who saved Holo- 
caust-era documents from being shred- 
ded in the bank's basement early in 
1997 and who passed them to a Jewish 
organization. 

The watchman, Christoph Meili, was dis- 


him and he later fled to the United States, 
claiming he felt unsafe in Switzerland. But last 
month, when Union Bank announced it was 
merging with Swiss Bank Corp., its new chair- 
man, Mathis Cabiallavetta, publicly apologized 
to Mr. Meiii. 

Meanwhile, U.S. state and local finance of- 
ficials have urged a temporary easing of sanc- 
tions on Swiss banks to clear the way for a 
possible negotiated settlement of the $20 billion 
class-action lawsuit brought by Holocaust sur- 


But while the growing clamor was awakeup Bankers Association, including Mr. Baer. He 
call, Mr. Baer says, what really changed his moved gradually into a leadership role, he says, vivors and their heirs. 
mind was the callous way. Swiss banks — - serving “as a connecting bridge ’ between the Because of the difficulty of finding doc- 
including his own — dealt with inquiries from two groups. 

Holocaustvictiins'families. 


He remembers reading a Wall Street Journal 
article in 1995 about an Israeli woman who bad 
asked Bank Julius Baer about an account she 
believed her father bad opened in 1938 before 


In die'' early sages' of the talks, Mr." Baer 
found himself caught in a cross fire. la dis- 
cussions with Swiss bankers, he found himself 
subjected to what he described as “intemperate 
outbursts.” Jewish representatives attacked 


nmentation, Jewish officials like Mr. Sings- 
believe such sin agreement is the only way to 
resolve the dispute. Already, the banks nave 
agreed to a Holocanst fund, into which $195 
million has been placed to make payments to 
Holocaust survivors. 


Investor’s Europe 


S*9J9r 

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Source: Teiekurs 

Imcituttuoal Herald Trihooe 

Very briefly: 


• Groupe des Assurances National es SA, a French insurer, 
will sell its British unit, GAN Life Holdings PLC, to Life 
Assurance Holdings Corp. for £2535 million ($419.9 mil- 
lion), plus as much as £*6 million in deferred payments, to 
meet European Union toms for receiving state aid. 

• Daimler-Benz AG plans to invest as much as 4.5 billion 
Deutsche marks ($251 billion) in the state of Baden- 
Wuerttemberg in the short term, the company’s chairman, 
Juergen Schrempp, said. 

• Otelo Communications GmbH, a German telecommu- 
nications company, has complained to' regulators about 
Deutsche Telekom AG's plans to charge new rivals 85 DM 
per customer for access to its networks. 

• Saudi Arabia’s stock market rose by 27.8 percent in 1997, 
its second best performance since it was set up in 1985, the 
Bakheet Financial Advisors institute said. In its best year, 
2991, die marker rose 833 percent 

• Societe Generate, a major French commercial bank, has 
applied to the Algerian credit and monetary council for a 
license to open a bank in the country in 1998. 

• Cegetel, a French telecommunications venture led by Cie. 

Generate des Earn, and British Telecommunications PLC. 
has been chosen by the French health-insurance department to 
set up a national Internet-based health care computer net- 
work. AFP, AFX. Reuters. Bloomberg 


CHIPS: Siemens-Motorola Deal 


New Ruble Notes: As Rare as an Open Bank on Jan. 1 


OwpOtdtvOvSx^FamDispstka 

MOSCOW — Rnssia knocked 
three zeros off the value of the mt- 
tional currency on^ Thursday under a 

closttil for New Year’s Day, few of 
the new notes were available. 

Sergei Dubinin, head of the cen- 
tral bank, had urged Russians to 
welcome the new ruble denomin- 
ations, which in theoiy went into 
circulation from midnight Dec. 31, 


with the phrase “Happy New Year, 
Happy New Money. ’ 

But the extended New Year’s hol- 
iday meant that in reality the new 
ruble would only see light of day once 
die major banks reopen on Jan. 5. 

-A Most Bank cash machine was 
giving clients the choice of with- 
drawals in new rubles — from 100 
rubles ($15.96) upwards. 

But instead of dispensing a crisp, 
new 100 ruble note, the machine 


coughed up die usual tired 100,000 
ruble note, which will cease to be 
legal tender by the end of the year. 

Like thousands of others across 
Russia, the nearby Guta Bank cash 
dispenser was closed, while at Mos- 
cow’s international airport, an of- 
ficial at Sberbank said Russia’s 
biggest saving bank was expecting 
to take delivery of its shipment of 
new notes from Friday. . 

The new 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 


notes, and the kopeck coins which 
make a comeback after being killed 
off by the hyperinflation of die 
1990s, were equally hard to come by 
in Vladivostok, on the other side of 
the country. 

President Boris Yeltsin, who an- 
nounced the currency change in Au- 
gust, said the Central Bank would do 
its utmost to limit the economic and 
social impact of the change. 

(Reuters, AFP) 


Continued from Page 11 

Jan. 12. Until then, neither 
company was willing to give 
the size of the investment 

The venture marks Mo- 
torola’s second recent invest- 
ment in Germany even as the 
nation's high wage costs, 
generous welfare system, 
crippling corporate taxes and 
aggressive unions have 
scared away many other po- 
tential foreign investors. The 
U.S. electronics company se- 
lected Flensbmg, in western 
Germany, for a new plant for 
cellular telephones. 

Motorola's investment 
represents another victory in 
Dresden’s campaign to lure 
new jobs in its flourishing mi- 
croelectronics sector, often 
by undercutting Western 
wages and working longer 
horns than Western counter- 
parts. 

Motorola becomes the 
third big chipmaker to locate 
state-of-the-art facilities in 
Dresden, which has de- 
veloped a reputation as Ger- 
many's “Silicon Valley.” 

Advanced Micro Devices 


Inc. of the United States is 
building a $1.9 billion mi- 
croprocessor facility in 
Dresden, after Siemens began 
operations two years ago at a 
new $1.75 billion memory- 
chip factory there. 

Dresden promotes itself as 
home to a force of skilled 
microelectronics workers 
who worked for the now de- 
funct Robotron combine that 
supplied mainframes and PCs 
to the entire Soviet bloc. 
Alongside Moscow and 
Minsk; Dresden was one of 
only five cities in the former 
Soviet bloc that boasted mi- 
croelectronics expertise. 

Motorola and Siemens will 
work together in Dresden to 
produce circuitry on relative- 
ly large 300-millimeter wafer 
boards, wider than the current 
industry standard of 200 mil- 
limeters, said KLatja 
Schlendorf, a spokeswoman 
at Siemens's Munich 
headquarters. 

The larger wafers will 
yield 23 times more micro- 
chips than the current stan- 
dard, cutting production costs 
by 30 percent 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


High Low Q o» Pm. 


f 


WediMsday, Dec. 31 

Prtce* In toad amende*. 
TtoMurs 

- •' Ugh Law dost Prow. 


Htgb Law Oan Pm. 


•Johannesburg M»g*ggg 


Markets Closed 

Stock markets throughout 
Asia and Europe were closed 
Wednesday tor the New 
Year’s holiday. 


Bangkok 

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High Law Ctos* Pm. 

WOfamsHdni 344 336 338 335 

Wobxley 488 4J8 484 4J6 

WW&iup 171 28 28 270 

Ze«wai 2U4 21.12 2187 2L12 


Madrid 




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239 ISS U5 
945 9J5 
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555 M8 SM 
885 885 980 

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2015 2045 20(0 

6220 (280 4330 

9270 9270 9390 

4930 4&» 

1495 1500 1550 

8590 8440 8430 
3 443 sna 3610 
10590 10650 10650 
4945 5090 Wl 

ASM 4600 4610 

2845 2865 2M5 
*m 4040 4045 

2705 27B5 2820 
1255 1270 1205 

3750 7900 7980 


3 -So 133 u!i 

3000 29SD 2980 2990 


Bohn Mae 522935 
Piwrk»K5190J5 

5430 5430 5430 
2XK 24.15 24JD0 
3630 3655 3MS 
T7J0 mi 1786 
4110 4190 4160 
5330 54® 5410 
Xli 120 11B 

3L90 3100 32.90 
38.10 3870 38j®5 
15610 157.10 15780 
2240 2235 2280 


High Lew Ooh Pit*. 

Gaz Metro 1845 1835 1835 HUB 

Gt-West LBeco 38W 3» 38 

towsco 5130 sm SOW 5135 

tavetknGip 4560 tSA 45 

LoNawCta 25.95 25.95 2695 2690 

Natl B6 Canada 2195 2344) 2165 24 

Pawn Cap 5L40 SB* 51 51 XB 

PorwrFW 50 49W rm X 

QnabccwB 25J0- 2660 25JO 25JO 

fimn Conwi B 6-95 (JO 6.S® 695 

RovdBkCda 7695 75M 7660 7585 


Mgh Law Oaar Pm. 


OCBCfarekn 

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Paris 

Aeru 1122 

AGF 31XW 

469^ 

BNP 32190 

Canal PkK 1140 

COmdhor 3166 

St 


5430 
358 
3330 
39 JO 
157.10 
2280 


Milan 


PmioouMTSUI 


London 

Aoglgo WMar 



FT4ElMfe5136d 
Piertm: 513230 

1087 1081 1MJ 
5.17 S35 

730 830 |» 

548 sg SJ 1 

137 139 138 

626 530 » 

4.78 438 5 

1610 1621 1614 
935 947 »JT 

634 654 652 

s3 653 530 

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9.90 1081 987 

340 340 

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234 174 281 

654 635 6*5 

B 886 883 

425 4JI US 

138 131 l-» 

670 480 4J9 

182 184 184 


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Seta 1203 

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SMbctad &9B 

SHwnSac 6B 

^WwffnnHi 840 

StandtSwter 674 

Total Lyle 603 

605 
9.15 

115 

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ToenHn 2K 

53 8 
628 

785 

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VMuuneUnta 480 

VMatone 448 

196 


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Montreal 

BaMObCon 36 36 35 36 

UlTkoA Site 30 3040 31 V0 

CrteUDA 4M 4M 4091 4160 

CTFMSK 54 54 54 5U0 


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CKdv««ricDh 1282.10 

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DMoRm 711 

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585 

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togaitai M9 

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1910 

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SEB 839 

5G5 TlnragH 37390 

SteGeoerole 823 

Sodnho 3240 

StGababi K7 

SuntCW 1695 

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ToMB 657 

minor 8690 

Vtofao 40930 


CAC4fc299B91 
P reate u ta 297547 

1110 1119 1110 

31U0 318.90 31880 
9SJ 942 938 

75# 765 757 

46130 465^ 466 

951 975 975 

435 439 JO 
318 31980 
1113 1119 
3090 3140 
332-10 335 

408.10 412L50 

803 820 

598 (17 

12501282.10 
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941 941 

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675 680 

216.10 21630 

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428 433 

725 748 

390JKJ 39490 
1154 1199 

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299 303 

514 523 

3J2X» 354 

721 759 

3165 3211 
2441 2497 

1(7.10 1(630 
1850 1875 
2(130 3SSL8I 
657 (to 
mZi 32AJ0 
810 839 

3(5 mm 
B1 1 K0 
3220 3223 
844 855 

1695 1595 

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737 752 

187.10 189J0 

(32 455 

8485 8690 
40280 40620 


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340 342 

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110 114 
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318 

410 

710 

960 
690 
545 
21730 
831 
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391.10 

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The THb Index 

Prices not 3.00 PM New YMttbno. 

Jon. 1. 1882 v 100 

Laval 

Chongs 

% Chong* 

ywrtaaate 
% change 

+ 1539 

World Index 

172.11 

-0.44 

— 0.25 

Rational bvtaaaea 

AsMPacoc 

96.07 

-0.13 

-0.14 

— 22.17 

Europe 


-054 


+ 19.75 

N. America 

215^9 

-0.64 


+ 33-35 

3. America 

Inctalrtal IndKCM 

152.67 


+ 031 

+ 33.42 

Capital poods 



-0.34 


Consumer goods 


+ 030 

+ 0.14 

+ 29.92 

Energy 

19456 

-136 


+ 1451 

Finance 


BW1 


+ 538 

AAsceSansous 

149.88 

-0.06 


-734 

Raw Motorists 

16754 

-ais 

-4.66 

-434 

Service 

174.31 

— 1.11 

-0.63 

+ 2654 

UttUas 

16657 

— 1<45 


+ 1652 






High Law 

Chae Pm. 


Hie Low OOM Prrr. 


Taipei 


Stack NtoM fate 111747 

PlMfow: 814577 


CrthorUfetn* 14650 
ChangHwaBk 91 JO 
OtlOOTtangBIl 69 
CtonaDeRknt 94 
CMnoSM 2670 
FMBaik 91 

Farmca PtaHc 6440 
HuaNanBk 9X50 
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NanVaPtasla 5740 
Shin Kara Ufa 106 
Taiwan Sani iuso 

UWNvaoEtac “(S 

Ufa Wtorid Chta 57 


US 14650 
9040 9040 
6840 (8 

93 9240. 
2660 2430 
90 90 

(340 (3 

9240 9240 
59 5840 
5650 56 

HQ 10640 
112 11140 
3610 


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7.90 745 

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244 246 

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5-10 505 
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692 678 

2J3 171 

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4745 4745 48.15 
44 4M 4610 
29 29.10 2M 
2930 29 jO 29 JO 
46 4640 iBfi 
44H 46(0 45JS 
6670 £30 
30ft 3040 3030 


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Telia 

Thomson 

TorDomBank 

TroiauBa 

TrauCdaPfae 

TllmaAFW 

TrfaeeHUm 

BSSSb, 

IktabiH 

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22.15 

m 

10 

26 

3530 

MM 

1935 

320 

18L45 

1916 

2830 

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(SJO 

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3680 

1615 

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119* 

29.90 

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3230 3235 

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21 7135 
23 23 

945 9.95 

25* 2195 
35JD5 35.05 
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1R90 19^ 
.318 320 

MLW TUB 
19* 19% 
7JM 28.1B 
945 10 

91% 92 

2630 2630 

65.15 6540 
1940 19% 
3535 3680 
1680 1685 
8885 8940 
1145 11.E 

21 21 % 

49.15 5085 
2440 26(0 

16 1640 
126 127.15 
1340 1340 
2845 2840 

22.15 23 
U 25 

1740 18 

1240 12* 
118% 11905 
29 29% 
2610 2615 
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4620 4W 
2540 25J0 
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31% 31 JO 
38 39* 

sm sm 

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3130 31.90 
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33* 3340 
635 685 

3235 33 

120.10 122 


32JS5 

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25170 

tent 

25.90 
1U0 

315 

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940 

91* 

2670 

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8840 

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1610 

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2140 

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29.90 
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33LI0 
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48.95 

sm 


31 M 
39* 
5190 
2245 
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3130 
445 
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Wellington las &eitadra asMJi 

PiWmit2292J! 
AbNZeatdB 345 340 345 340 

Brfeitytnvt IJ3 1J1 U3 1J1 

Carter HoBert in 245 244 245 

HtechOi Bldg 3S? 340 352 352 

RHch Ch Eny 607 602 6J» 4B7 

FWdiChFofrf 146 142 143 1 43 

FWc&CTRSW W 2m m 117 

LfcmNaOm 337 3J6 3J( 183 

Telecom W 842 8J0 E3S 8JS 

WBjon Horton 1075 1050 KUO KL50 


Zurich 

ABBB 
AdeasB 
Aliraitw R 
An»Sera»8 
AMR 
SoerHdgB 
BntataeHdnR 
BKVfcta 
QbaSpecChem 
CbriontR 
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itekhoenllB 
EiK-Chetnta 
ESE 


LiedrienstLBB 

NestMR 

Namr&R 

OerflfcnBuehR 

Poona HUB 

PharmVlsnB 

Rldwroonl A 

PMIPC 
Roche Hrlg PC 
SBCR 
SddndtePC 
5GSB 
SMHB 
Sutler R 
Sate Rate R 
SAir Grown 

EtaR 

ZwIdiAseurR 


1855 

421 

1408 

2450 

790 

2720 

2722 

1488 

17650 

1225 

228 

530 

7240 

3890 

1208 

573 

2196 

2400 

2CSJ5 

1800 

916 

M05 

314 

14540 
4S9 
1550 
2800 
809 
942 
27 « 

ms 

2134 

1650 

703 


SPHadac3t9ft.i5 
Prwtes 388946 
1825 1835 1849 

395 421 403 

1398 140} 1402 
2410 34W 2470 
790 790 820 

212 aS 4715 

2700 2715 2715 
1480 1488 T4B4 
172 174 173 

1199 1220 1212 
225.75 276 227.25 

530 530 530 

71M 7W 7205 
3700 3B90 3770 
1192 US' 


573 


M2J3 
1800 
■ 905 


1198 

571 


... U ... 

2175 2193 2192 
2342 2370 2377 
" 20650 
1820 

1590 1590 1(05 
313 314 312 

14330 14505 14400 
453 454 4S8J0 

1510 1522 1544 

275$ 2SflO .2745 
791 806 791 

91 B 924 923 

Z7PB 2732 2714 
1991 2000 1999 
2109 2112 2128 
1650 1650 1650 
04 m m 




TV ^ 



^ -- s-T':- . . 













ji. 


■+. 


Wednesday s PJH. Close 

TtmtUQO nnsttraded stacks of the day. 
NoitonwHlB prices not reflecRng tale trades etwrtere. 
The Associated Press. 


17 Mortti 


Lw Stock 

Dw YM PE lOOifte* Uw Latest drga 



48 1.2 34 734 JWk 380, 3BtVn -V. 

o ABM 48f IJ 25 I HI 314 »# 30# -*# 

4 540 M - Ifll 19ft 19 1 # TO) 

™*»S6 ACELta .MIX) 17 1466 96ft 93 MW '7Vl|*£wm BcrfiHflA 

- 75S 11 IWn 11 *Ht I Uh» 0ta BaMUy 


10 ACM In .90 b 02 
,**» 7 ACM Op .13 7J 
10'- 8't ACM Sc .90 Lf 
7 4'- ACM Sp J? BA 

If 12’* ACMMblJSolOO 
I0V* Vs ACM Ml .no 8.9 
W*, 14 ACNicb 
zn-r i?'« acx Tech 
491* 2^H AESCpc 
3V-I « AES ST 2.49 18 
S7 r i 37 1 ) AFLAC M .9 
3ftV,2S AGCO M .1 


.. 279 Bft Bb Brt _ 

_ 1030 I0V| l(Rk lOU 

- 1233 6>» 4** 4** -V, 

- 7M 13b 13V* 1314 +li 

- 207 UW* 10 10%. +v« 

45 1066 24»» Z3H 7494 +W 

- 159 25V, 24V, 24V, -14 

47 3580 47(4 44W 4(A< + to 

- 387 7114 690k71#+lV. 

19 973 51*1* 509, 5U, +ft 

„ - 11 3187 TV, 79 39* J, 

21 s * 17 s * AGL Res 1.08 5J 15 1474 TIKI TIP* 20fc -44 

79 - 10'k AJL 1-4413.1 . 895 lib. 101* II 

74 14'| AKStoeK JO 28 7 3184 17ft 17 s ) 170k Ok 

AMB Prn.llp - _ 18J7B2SV, 74b 2 s + "/« 
254,20 AMFn _ - 95 2SV| 140# HVk +*. 

.52:' AMU Rt I 741 7.9 17 577 TOV+ Z2b 2 Hi -ft 

>33*.7B>j AMP _ 13 388917*1 1251* 12B*»+2W 

191, V, APT Sot - - 477 12’-, 11* 11 s * +V, 

SVi 401 ARCOCh ISO 4iB 41 -06 47U 46ft 46ft -%» 

37-1 19 A5A LH 11 U _ 1302 20V, 20%, 207, 

64 30'* AT&T 1 32 12 2231872 &7U 41 61b. -lb 

391 1 ir'i.AVXCs Ji 1J 12 3030 18 s . 18V, 18ft +ft 

39-1 39-4 AXAUAP.ASo 1.7 _ 485 »», X# 39 +ft 

32*i », Aamnt .13 IjO 11 4944 14 12V, 12*W -ta 

AVj 401* AftlLob 1.08 14 25 7744 6T~ 4514 65# -IV, 


251 B0kBetfVann - _ 503 91 90# 9b -0# 

Mw IHta EMa> - 14 7474 180k 181* 184, -V, 

391 Mb Bckten JO A 16 444 351 34V, 35V, 1-9, 

33K 191 IhHIM - TO 774 241* 23 24*, +1 

91, SbU BtfAII 3.08 14 3010540 919, 90V, Wi 
20 12 Befltad* - - 11 398 13b 13 131 r# 

58V* 38 <4 BoiBo 1 M 2-4 21 4094 57» W, Ml -I%* 

551 33'* BetoAH MH .9 31 1605*3* 521 56 +21 

474*331 BwiB JO 1 J 23 378 441 3** 44 +b 

3014 121* BeneiiE s _ 19 168 23, 22*, 22, -1 

47, 34 BcncWyn - _ 183 41ft 40b 411 +V» 

84, £914 BwefCp 2J8 27 16 7373 83, 81, 83, +2 

M 1. BOMB __ 2236 04* 1* *a -ftj 

74, 11, BenfonOG * 16 3125 13, 110, 13 -IW 

29 131 BergEl* _ 27 836 23b 22ft 23 . 

459,21, Bsrg&i 48 1.1 26 1442 42^,41 iWa+lft 

„ 45 <120 4374580045000 

.91 7J3 _ S47 12 719, 12 -16 

711 131 BemrP" JO U 18 224 I7tt 17ft 179,-4, 

41 71 BrolBuy - 43 5101 379 b 341 37 *14, 

51 *,22 BestB rt 12S eJ .. 126 49, 471 49, +11 

til 71 BettiStl - _ 9644 8V, 8, 0V.+V, 

71 w. BflROoerb 152 15 S 647 Alb 40ft 611 +1 

i3A,17Vi Bemtyn - - 248S 13Vi 13 13 +1 

26 17, BlgFtowor - 63 612 24V* 23, 241 -V, 

327, 171 Bln 09 JB J 18 584 301 30 301 +U 

3* 301 Blown - a 236Q(*0# 3B1 391 +1 

a 141 Ursa JO 15 31 627 14 151 151 +1 

434,291 BloCfcD 48 1J 17 lMJ 391 38V* 39 +1 

1-42 AD 16 300 36V, 35 351 -ft* 

47 4 9 _ IMS 9«, 9K1 Wi +9, 

- 113 9*, 91 91 „ 

_ 2301 81 t»« B1 _ 

« 145 99, 91 91 - 

- 93 15, 15V, 1514 +1 

- 175 161 16 169, -9, 

- 933 7V, 7 7 

_ 1631 15V* 151 15, -1 
_ 82 11 ID«, 11 +V» 


361 12-t Alwmtcn 
21 17’? AMHng -40 _ 

28' 1 17*. AcpltlH _ 

a 15, AreuSffl 

IB1 10 MCb X .1 

W'i 4>,AaiwE - 

I9*i 8‘> AanoMi _ 

29’. 15',Aaiun _ 
S’? 191 Ada Ex 1.96a 8.1 
13, AUmnsU 

241 We AFPProv IJSo 7J 
ei I7 1 -* AMD 
27M 101. Advnl .161 A 
231 I1>t Adwbic 
I2», 1 Adncat 
w. 61' ■ Acqon 153a \J 
12'? I'l Acroflp* 


574 32 3D 31*, <-4,1 
„ ID7 14V. 13d, 14 
11 140 241, 23'V, 24*, +1 

2527394 731 221 231 
_. 299 17W 149a 17 +l| 

83 39* 5V, 4,, 5 +l| 

.. 399 101 91* 91 

39 1238 17V, 16** 161 -V. 

- 341 24*, 33H, 24*. .V. 

- 199 241 259, 74V-. + 11 

- 148 17V, 17V, 1 TV* -W 

...32123 18*, 17, 171* +, 
15 BS 24, 241, 241-. -V. 
18 938 191 191 191 -v, 
10 294 8>b» 8, 8V* 

a 334 vW* 699, 891. ■*, 

33 2288 81 7, B>* -• 


36T,24H 
9<V, 914 BUG... 

9*» 81 UH1999 
81 7miSUt200l 
91 BH BTWWv 
151 131 BftCAQB 

16V, 1414 BlkFLOB 

7Va 61 BlklT 
15V, 14 BIK2008 

119,10 Bt-JJMT 
131 12, BBMM 
81 71 BBJQT 
111 101 BtkMTor 
10, 91 BJkNA 
8V. 7, BlkSV 

9V, 814 BlkTT 

OS', 19*4 Blanch 
45, SB UkkHR ... 

361i 181 BtounJ A B 28 ID II 
ill 8 BlucGhp lJ7el44 _ 


M 4 3 

40 4.7 
A2 44 
J7 A0 
J4 5-4 
J4 EL0 

J40 49 
jta 5A 
.790 5.7 
J3a 43 

41 Si 
M U 
47 5J 
J8 4J 


~ 95131 13V<139, - 
.. 320 814 8Va M +Wta 
_ 822 11 101 II -V, 

- 889 me 101 vm* +9, 

- 797 81 81 81 +9, 

_ 1327 9V, 991 9V. tVt. 

.40 12 46 MO 34, 344, 34 1, _ 

M 18 48 I38S 441* 431 44, +9, 
152 M 1 *, KV, 24V, *11 
279 11 HPV, TG-4,+9, 


57>; 32>« ActaVk, JO 14 15 1112 *V. 481 49'.,- 

HB'I 64>. Aetna tac JO 1.1 22 6867 m* TO 704, ♦*, 

104 477- Aetna ptc 4. 76 67 .. 960 71 s * 71 711 +tt 

3C- 19". AflunpS* . 23 732 26*1 261 261* .9, 

30i.a'i ABMqnn _ _ 503 2W. 28, » +, 

141 4' . Aqncaj .D2e -4 _ 2338 5V, 51 SI _ 

a s * 1B>, AgrwMTH 1J4I 84 14 113 211 20*, a 1 +1 

16"* 9 a Agnwng .11 .9 . 1173 12 s , 11<V> 12 s , +1 

6. B *3I AhJiHiB 88 1 J IB 2443969 441 67V. +9, 

32 19 s - Ahold s J2e 1.2 2S 102 261 24 261 -V, 

89'a 44>i AirPiod 1.30 1 J 21 3432 82V, B71 82 s , +9. 


2) 195 211 2041 31W +1 
n 1193 *31 eau-,62!? +1,1 
a 3820 141 1314 14 
a 101 13 s , 13 131 +1 

6712329 4H- *fl’» 47",-*, 
- 1924 62>, 611 42V, +?« 
_ 158 25 74** 344a _ 

11 2904 Jg* 37'? 38 s * +1, 
14 442 ail 234, a -V, 
S&S 251 231 23 s * -IV* 
W 32». 32 32 s ! 


27 .13'-- AirNetS 
74' . JJ'j A-rFM JO £ 

24- 13'* fliroos 
17 * 9" ■ AOteoe I J0C137 
42 22 AuToikJi 

63 42'? AtfTnplC 213 3-4 

251 24>. AlaPifn 
4)1 TO 1 1 AbhAff 
2P.1974 ARuiyln .42 1J 
27 - 1«7| AHxmor J4 1J 17 

32“o:>i A»«1DS 30 A 74 ^ 

271 TO ARlCliiA i .20 J 12 362 27Vi 2P- 27, -V* 

■Oi l 30': Attain .44 1J 24 2645 47 s ? 464,47:. 

AJV.:*' ■ Atom .60 2J 16 3470 27*. 271 271 *V. 

281- 15V AlcaM 3Je U 816 2SW 251 251 -9| 

m TO'. AImRE n 140 S.1 „ 207 31, 31V, 311 +1, 

14 121 AlAmTar 1.<H 7J - 124 W, 13°, 131 „ 

37 r c?5': AUgEngr 1-72 5J 14 5491 329, H 32 s . +V, 

331 71 AdegTeWy M 7J 15 3152 261 251 26 s * -1 

35 s > 19, AKegtaiHe .40 T T 17 1429 u2S*, 35V. 359, +V, 

30 16 ABmTct _ 18 1228 19V. IBM. 181 -Vx 

371 , J5-, Alrai A? 15 20 1065 IW 321.331 +1 

391.24 AlnCap 2J7e 64 32 687i3Fk 39U 391 +1 

171 131 AHWriS 1530 10,1 „ 273 14-, 14 s , 149, -1 

15 111 ABWikfi 1-420 10 J - 13S0131 131 131 +1> 

*9 40": ABTch - 18 243 54 551* 54 +1 

35-i :U-I AJW&rpj -48 1.7 15 148 284, ai a, - 

60': 381 4Mlrsh 1-HSo 12 15 317 581 571, 58 

27 Ifl AliedPdS .16 J IS 377 241 23*. 24V* +1 

47, 311 AldSgnls S3 1J 19 9316 39t, 381 381 +V» 

irf=n JO J 17 3D6.51 49'. 50V. <*46 

_ 271 10*V, 10*9. 104, +W 
14 3242 91 T* 90, 901 _ 

> 138*60 68’- 60 +1, 

.. 413 2-09.241 24*.*V, 
_ 161 7A 2P« 26 +V« 

19 1200 416* 41 41V. Jfm 


SVt 21 Dlucgncn _ 26 101 41 4H 49, -V, 

39, 201 Btytffl _ 79 978 30 29, 291 +1 

60, 43 BoMjigt J6 1.1 8634)77 49V* 48 P. 48<Vta+T. 

459,27, BobK AO ID _ VSOfi ®v« 2W, 3IM -V, 

■ 25, !49,BoteCOff _ 17 2495 151 141, 15 +V* 

9 3H Bombay _ _ 1T61 4, 4b 41 +v* 

12, 7*. BardOi J3e 9.9 16 2992 MB 81+1 
32Y.17V* Bordens - 38 1424 31tW 31 JlVt +H 

61, 381 BoraWAu JO 1J 12 21B 52V» 51V. £3 +1 

19U 101 BarWSc _ 24 238 18 178,171 -V, 

II 7*1,0011 Boar _ 25 1093 S 7 s *, 7*V. -V. 

281 201 BCotfa ljOOe 50 - 10* 20, 6199. 20V. -V, 

381 24Vi BodEd 1J9 5J1 20 314 38V) 371* 371 -1 

3S, 26V.BodPrpnJ5a 16 .766 331* 33V. 33V, 
781,4! BasISc _ 41 8899 471* 43’V, 451, +M 

Kb 161 BodTcch _ 25 1134 251 25 25V* 

29, ii. Booms .iTp _ _ as a, 281 a, +m 

57 361 Bowafr JO 1J 47 907 449, 441 441* +V, 

211 9 BoxHUn _ _ 1094 101* 9 s *. 10V. +, 

9V. 5 BaydGm _ 421 TV. M in V. 

27*1 20 BoyUlL 1 JO 6J _ 290 261 251 361 +16 

- “ 17 545 21V, 20 s . 301 -V, 

_ 1319 14V) 130, 14V. +V. 
_ 721*252, 2J, 251 +1 
_ 805 21V* 201 20, +1 
_ 2273 8V. 74. 8V, +V, 


BratfTeh Jll - - 718 18V. 181 181* +V, 
BitaSImt 1.13 2J 22 302 *81* 48 481-9, 

BrflChA .08 1.1 _ «1 7H 7b 7, -V, 


21 v, 171 BradRE 1 JOf 4.7 
161,101 Brahma n J9e M 
a, 181 Branon* 1-481 55 
32, i7n.Braza 3J6oi£J 
18, 7V. BmHEFA97«60J 
271 17 
531421 

125, 41 ... _ 

17b 10% Blinker _ 19 IleJ Ml 161 MM 

291 20t* BnstKn I _ 38 271 *12, 281 29V* .11 

90 V. 531 BifHySqi 1561 1.7 3014431 75, 93M Mte -’Vo 

I»1 90, BrflAIr 3-)7e 34 18 237 938, 91 *» 931* +TM 

93 641 BrflPolalASo 13 20 2S78 BO TV, 791 -1 

aiZO^.BrOSn 2XHe 9-4 4 5113 211 21 M 21b -16 

BID S7, BrilTd 11.1 Sell? 17X25B13 80, 801 80% .1 
XU 161BHP .73e IV 11 474 181111 181 -U 

lib 2 Brooke JO 3-4 _ 366 9 8 s *. a„ _ 

151 91 BemSTi _ 20 12B 10% 101 101 -1 

£5142 BxwnFB 1.08 2J 22 182 SSI* 54V* 55V, +9, 

201 17V. BrwnGp -40m 10 _ 7022 139, T3V. 13, +V, 

381 25U BnmFr J6 Z1 a 3060 37V. 361 37 +9, 

36 SB BmFAC 758 75 _ 118 34 32b 34 +U 

37 ai Brmk 50 1.7 TO 1738 30V* 291 301* + IV. 


sir' 

381 AMIn. 

18 s * AlkcdPdS .16 
. - . AldS. 

50*: 32-» AlmrPn JO 
10 • 10 AlmrST J* 7J 
94) I 5o- 1 Ablate .96 1.1 
59>: 41 AIM 98 2J0 38 

24P..:4 S * A*d 7097n 1.78 7.1 
26" *741* AIM pJA 1.99 7.7 
4Vg 29>i AIM 1.16(28 


2J 16 76 24V, MM 24, -16 

- - 2S1 491 491 491 -V* 

_ 16 324*46, 44% 461 +11 
_ 27 968 341 32 341 +2, 

_ 34 J67 3S1 344.346, _ 
.9 _ 105 16 ISM 16 +1 

- - 262 91, 9M 91 -V* 

.1 14 1189 16*, 16 IbV. -M 

..... „ _ 14 2003 M 131 13*, +V, 

1000,70% BurfNiF IJO 1J 16 2176 931 971 924* +*, 

S4V? 39<6 BrtRsc 55 1 J 16 4606 4516 431 44% +4, 

91 5V.BurfRsa 54a 104 4 1823 6V» 5b*. 61 +M 

151 111* BumPP IJO 65 28 640 o 159, 15V* 151 +V, 

28*. 17U BtMilnd .14 5 18 135 26V* 26 26 .-1 


260,161 BrshWI 
54b 211 Brytaie n 
45'V«25i* BockTedi 
37% TT Buckle S 
371 IS, BudgetGp 
241 12V, BuMKiwii-VSe 
34, BM BlrfMo 
20 10, BurKoatS J2 

151 1 01 Bwllnds 


20b AltrMa _ IS 101 281 28, 281 +b 

73', 111 Alpbanro .18 J .. 437 21 U 211 21, +, 

21 ft'<: AlpmcGf - 21 1085 IS, ir* 18, +1 

-15'.- 30 s : A lumen „ 14 1119 337* 3Ti 33b +b 

»'■ 63'- Alcoa 1.00 1-6 17 5635 711 691 701 +, 

581 _ _ 4053 314, 311 31, +1 
—13559 2C, 2, 21 - 

- 119 36 35% 36 +V* 

15 1503 46, 44b 46-.-IV. 

13 81 23 22, S'V. »Ve 

641? 47*1 AnvHet JO 1.1 27 3544 SAk 53, 540, f v, 
911311 AmOnflw _ _ 14600 Mb 889, 89W+1V. 

18 * 1? AmVVesl .. 14 19821114, 18 s * 18, _ 


32 . 24 s - Aba 
r i |4.AmaxG 
5ft>i 34 AmaxpfB3.751(L4 
47*. 31 AmbacF S 36 J 
37)- 2!'- Amend 56 2-4 


49b 25% C&D Tdi .11 J 
491 26b CANTY .19a - 
39b 18% CBCoRI _ 

271 22b C8LASC 1.77 7J 
32b. 16 CBS JO J 
421 28 CCAPrisn .776 1J _ 
108, 6lb CCB Fn IJB 1J 23 
451,2716 CDI _ 22 


16 ^ 7 48 47, 474,+ Mi 

_ 1116 41». 40U 411+11 
16 387 32M 311 32V, -H 
16 900 251 241 24, +1 
—11268 2OTV 28, 299, +1 
488*44 421 43b +1 

1851110 108b 1081 +16 
538 44V, 441 44, 



36 JIM CmceGp 1 J4 II 
37b 201 CmcFdTi 
20, 111 CmlTeA 
18b 131 CMdNL 
369,181 ComES 

if urn 

38 1316 CmpU! 

799,2844 Compoq 1 SOI 
X, 14, Cfrnpq wt 
20b 10b CmpMai 
18W 59l*GngAe 
57V* 24M CampAss -07 
87, 571 campsd 
pTski 


.1 


213 33b 33b* 33V, +V, 
415 361 25V* 3SA, +1 
TftSBlDb 20 245.+*, 

429*18), 171 18- -V, 

_ 843 34W 33 33V. -b 

_ ins i3, 131 13b -u 
29UM3 jem* 291 31, +11, 
2684836 579, £4", 5ft9,+l BftJ 

- 2W28W»27b 28, +1, 

18 714 14 13V, 14 +1 

- 627 SV. 6, 49, -V, 

3211537 54b 520,529,-), 

_ 23 3476 829, 799, B291*+21 

491 161 Crept ski j» .1 41 326 37 36 36M - 

91 llCmptnn J4 1J - 3135 3”, 3V, 39,+*, 
25, 161 Consol JO J _ 1505 261 231 *4, +1 

17b 61 Gncdkfis _ M 4494 121, 101 Hb'V. 

38, 24b GmAnos 53 1J 24 7436 331 329,321 -9, 

91 1 Cone* 837 8 TW 8 +V, 

30b 21 QmnEA 1JI *4 17 372 lOT. X 301, -u 

507, 30, Cansecos JO 1.1 18 7829 46, 44, 451 +b 
smwsu CamcpfF ^ - 566*51%, 60), SI, +1 
45 21b CnOflar _ 18 473 284, 27b 279, .V* 

41b 27 DmEd 110 5.1 14 ^64 411 41 41 -4, 

564,231 ConsGfihs - 42 484 46b 45V, 46b -V6 

609,471 CdaiNG 1.94 3J 19 223ft 609, 59 16 401+11 

609, 47b CanPap 1J8 33 20 278 53b 521 53b +U 

164,11H ConvPdTlS - SB 328*161 16V, 161 -b 

50 24b CenStar _ 36 4305 441 4316 44 

7b 2 CGDina - - 87 5), 5b 51 

251 24b CnEFpflClOS 8J - IB 25%, 25ta 25b -V. 

— — ir- 9 940 2S1 24, 25), +), 

8 1617 48U 471 49 s , +1 
16 227 25b 24%, 25b +V, 
10 973 401 40 40V, -V, 

... 32 1229 6V, 5 A, 6 +b 

.071 J 12 no 9b 91 99, +b 

_ 64 5797 63b 59b 61 +11 
_ 18 848 471 am 41 +1 

U2 27. 15 2248' 491 4BH 49 +V, 


■®b »b Gnttfiiid 
50V, 27 OIAITB 
a 121 CordOn 
401 151 CflHoM 
38 ST* Comm 
TJb 9 Coofcor 
81b JM CoopCos 
42 151 COopCO 

59140 Cbeper 


JO J 


2B11B CecprTr JBf 1J 16 1M 241 24 241+1 

199, 81 Cope) n Tie 5J _ 81 131 13%, 13%, -t, 

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ASIA/PACIFIC 


Thai Bank Restructures to Lure Taiwan Inyestment 


By Thomas Crumpton 

IntcntiitiuiHtl Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — A Thai commercial bank 
has announced sweeping boardroom changes 
in a bid to entice a group of Taiwan investors, 
a move that analysts said illustrated the in- 
creasing desperation across corporate Thai- 
land for foreign capital. 

The move Wednesday also symbolized a 
newly evolving Asian economic pecking order 
as countries like Taiwan, which have emerged 
relatively unscathed in the region's currency 
crisis, buy into their beleaguered neighbors. 

All but three of Bangkok Metropolitan 
Bank’s 16 board members will quit as part of 
changes made in consultation with authorities, 
the Bank of Thailand’s governor, Chaiyawat 
Wibulswasdi, said. The shake-up came a week 
after top officials were dismissed from a Thai 
bank being scrutinized by the U.S.-based Cit- 
ibank for possible purchase. 


Officials said they hoped the changes at 
Bangkok Metropolitan Bank, one of Thai- 
land's smaller commercial banks, would 
make it more attractive to prospective Taiwan 
investors and added they might be willing to 
sweeten the deal by converting debts owed to 
the central bank into shares. 

The investment, being considered by a con- 
sortium of five Taiwan banks, would mark the 
first major purchase of a Thai bank by the 
island's financial institutions. 

Thai officials have promised to restructure 
the financial sector under the $17.2 billion 
rescue package put together by the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund. They have ordered the 
country's 15 commercial banks to raise capital 
as quickly as possible. While several banks 
have been in talks with foreign institutions, no 
firm deals have been completed. 

The Bangkok Metropolitan Bank’s efforts to 
make a deal have been complicated by the need 
to get various government approvals and by 


equity investment limits imposed by Taipei 
regulators. Thai authorities said. The island's 
largest financial institutions operate in cooper- 
ation with the government and no Taiwan bank 
may commit more than 5 percent of its port- 
folio investment to one venture. 

“They need a lot of approval from the 
government or planning commission and must 
organize many b anks together to make a big 
investment, but once the decision has been 
made, it wifi be an example to follow,” 
Jaroong Nookhwun, deputy governor of the 
Bank of Thailand, said, adding that he expected 
other deals with Taiwan. ' 

Late last month, a Taipei newspaper re- 
ported that Bangkok Bank, Thailand’s largest 
commercial bank, was seeking investment 
from three Taiwan conglomerates. 

“The people that own banks in Thailand 
were originally Chinese, so it is easy for them 
to talk with people of the same blood,” Mr. 
Jaroong said. 


Regional economic expansion is particularly 
important to Taiwan since most Asian nations 
officially shun the island out of deference to 
Beijing. 

While cash-starved Thai banks may wel- 
come any investment, Taiwan’s financial in- 
stitutions will bring little expertise or tech- 
nology transfer, analysts said. 

“The Taiwanese are not the most sought- 
after investors,’’ said an analyst who asked 
not to be identified, “it is not like U.S. or 
Hong Kong banks; they tend to go in for quick 
profits and bring little management depth.” 

Vichien Tejapaibul. whose father founded 
Bangkok Metropolitan Bank and who wifi 
remain on the bank's board of directors, said 
he was working hard to attract Taiwan in- 
vestment to his bank and Thailand. He said he 
has told Taiwan businessmen that the crisis 
presents them witha“golden opportunity” to 
establish a base in Thailand to reach out to 
Cambodia, Vietnam. Burma and Laos. 


Toyota Hopes Its Eco-Friendly Car Will Take It to the Top 


By Sandra Sugawara 

Washington Post Service 

TOKYO — Given the Japanese 
economic traumas of the past few 
weeks, foreigners may begin to won- 
der whether all of corporate Japan is 
in retreat. But if Toyota Motor Coip. 
is any indication, a portion of Japan 
Inc. is set to come roaring back — 
leaner, meaner and smarter. 

Japan’s financ ial companies may 
have dithered through much of this 
decade, but not Toyota and many 
other manufacturers. They have 
ruthlessly slashed costs, dropped in- 
efficient processes and further im- 
proved quality. Today they may be 
even tougher competitors than they 
were back in Japan's roaring 1950s. 

With a hefty war chest of $20 


billion, Toyota is now moving ag- 
gressively toward what it sees as the 
next frontier; the environmental car. 
As world leaders gathered in Kyoto 
recently to combat global wa rming , 
Toyota debuted its new eco-car for 
the Japanese market, foe Prius. It is a 
multioilli on -dollar gamble that such 
a “hybrid” vehicle — so called be- 
cause it alternates between an elec- 
tric battery and a gasoline engine — 
can become a mass-market vehicle. 

The Prius is an audacious move 
by Toyota. Analysts estimate that 
with its limited initial sales volume 
and a price tag of about $17,000, 
Toyota may be losing as much as 
$10,000 on each car sold. 

Some analysts say the Prius pro- 
gram could mean losses for at feast 
five years, until Toyota gets pro- 


duction op to 200,000 cars or more. 

But Toyota's hard-charging new 
president, Hiroshi Oku da, appears 
convinced that in the 21st century, 
dwindling energy reserves and 
mounting environmental woes will 
mean that the auto industry's sur- 
vival will depend on the eco-car. 

“It is clear to me that the en- 
vironment is likely to become a ma- 
jor issue in the future,” Mr. Oku da 
said in an interview. 

Toyota's overriding goal is to 
challenge General Motors Corp. and 
Ford Motor Co. for leadership in the 
global automobile market 
Mr. Okuda is working to make 
Toyota a tougher, more aggressive 
marketer. He is also attacking the old 
paternalistic style of management 
He is pushing the Prius not simply 


for its environmental virtues but also 
to steal a march on his American 
rivals toward future profits. 

“They would like to be die lead- 
ers in this next stage of the auto 
industry,* ’ said Christopher RedL. an 
analyst with ING Barings. “Up to 
this point, they've pretty much been 
little brothers to die top U.S. auto- 
makers. I think, for Toyota, the next 
stage is to be the global leader in the 
auto industry, and this is a good way 
of starting it off.” 

“The point is,” Mr. Redl added, 
"only Toyota can commercialize” 
the eco-car now. “Even if the Big 
Three had that amount of cash to 
bum,” he said, “the shareholders 
would go up in arms.” 

Other automakers — American, 
European and Japanese — also are 


working on alternative-fuel 
vehicles. 

Toyota's goal this year is to sell 

1.000 Prius cars a month in Japan. 
(The company is selling the car only 
in Japan for now, bur is considering 
exporting it to other markers, in- 
cluding the United States. ) A week 
before its launch in December, 
Toyota had received more than 

2.000 orders for the Prius. The re- 
sponse was more than anticipated by 
Toyota or dealers, leading to delays 
in getting cars into showrooms. 

While analysts said those figures 
were encouraging, they are still sig- 
nificantly less than the 200,000 Ph- 
ases a year that Noriyuki Matsushi- 
ma, auto analyst with the Nikko 
Research Center, estimates Toyota 
must sell to break even. 



Firm’s Chief Bucks Tradition and Relishes a Good Fight 


Hiroshi Okuda, Toyota’s chief. 


Washington Post Service 

TOKYO — Hiroshi Okuda took 
over the reins of Toyota Motor 
Corp. in August 1995. when its pre- 
vious president, Tatsuro Toyoda, 
bad a stroke. 

Mr. Okuda joined Toyota right 
out of college in 1955. He spent 
years in the accounting department 
before being posted to Manila to 
oversee operations in the Philip- 
pines. When he returned to Japan, he 
was put in charge of various in- 
ternational operations and caught 
the attention of the Toyoda family, 
ivMiiapmifa* which has run the company for de- 
lta’s chief, cades. Mr. Okuda was given the task 


of reshaping a company that analysts 
said had grown stodgy and insular. 
When he took over, Toyota’s market 
share was slipping. 

In a company once ruled by the 
seniority system, be promoted 
younger managers. He talks bluntly 
of Japan's traditional lifetime-em- 
ployment system as a vestige of the 
old days of rapid growth, and he 
insists that the seniority system and 
lifetime employment “are no longer 
viable” in a slower-growing Japan. 

He has also pushed for more open 
discussions and quick decisions, 
analysts said. “It used to require two 
dozen directors, discussing a prob- 


lem for a couple of months, before a 
decision was made,” said Koji 
Endo, an analyst with Schraders Ja- 
pan. “Now Okuda says ‘Do it,' 
making the decision in a few days or 
maybe in an hour." 

Unlike most Japanese executives. 
Mr. Okuda is outspoken and 
gregarious and seems to enjoy the 
many public appearances he must 
make as Toyota’s president. Often a 
half-smile will creep onto his face, 
and his eyes will flicker with amuse- 
ment. 

Mr. Okuda. who holds a black belt 
in judo, seems to relish a good fight 
Late in 1996, he angered competitors 


by slashing prices at home by the 
equivalent of thousands of dollars in 
an attempt to raise Toyota's share of 
die Japanese market to 40 percent 
from about 39 percent Competitors 
complained bitterly, but Mr. Okuda 
made no apologies. 

Since Mr. Okuda took over, 
Toyota's market share has begun to 
climb again in the United States and 
Europe, although in Japan it remains 
stuck at 39.3 percent Furthermore, 
the company is still short of its long- 
standing goal of 10 percent of the 
global market hovering around 9.8 
percent 

—SANDRA SUGAWARA 





594.44 

588.39 

■M3.86 

Bangkok 

SET 

372.59 

“35EL82 

+1.88 

Seoul. 

Composite Index 

dosed 

375.15 

- 

Taipei 

Stock Market Index 8,187.27 

8.1457 T 

+0.51 

Mantis 

.PSE 

Closed 

1,869.23 

- 

Jakarta . 

■Composite Index 

Closed 

401.71 

- 

Wemngto n 

NZSE-40 

~2jmsr 

2,292.29 

+0.99 


lownuliitt*) Ht'iahl Tritwbc 


Source: Tetekurs 

Very brieflys 

• Hong Kong Telecommunications Ltd. said its wholly 
owned unit Hongkong Telecom CSL had signed a binding 
agreement lo buy 100 percent of the mobile phone operator 
Pacific Link Communications Ltd. for $4.84 billion Hong 
Kong dollars ($624.5 mi I lion 1. 

• Ford Motor Co. and Nissan Motor Co. will join forces to 
manufacture minivans in southern China, possibly by spring- 
time, the doily Nihon Keizai Shimbun reported. 

• Fuji Bank Ltd. is considering buying back lens of millions 
of its 2.96 billion outstanding shares during the financial year 
beginning April 1 in an effort lo improve returns for investors, 
the Kyodo news agency quoted banking sources as saying. 

• The Bank of Japan's governor. Yasuo Matsushita, has 
pledged to step up purchases of commercial paper to help 
businesses raise funds amid a credit crunch, according to the 
daily Asahi Shimbun. 

• Indian slocks rose for a second straight day amid ex- 
pectations that foreign mutual funds would choose India as 
their main destination in Asia when they plan their in- 
vestments for this year, the benchmark Sensex 30 index rose 
35.64 points, or 0.9 7 percent, to 3,694.62. 

• India's Tata group plans to launch a new domestic airline 
with an investment of 14.75 billion rupees ($376 million). 

• The Reserve Bank of Australia is introducing new 
guidelines requiring tbe nation's banks to hold capital against 
the risk of loss from changes in interest rates, foreign- 
exchange rates, and equity and commodity prices. 

• South Korea's price index rose 6.6 percent in December 
from a year ago. It was tbe highest year-on-year inflation rate 
in six years, as a weaker won forced up prices. 

• Indonesia's sovereign foreign-currency debt rating was cut 
to lower than investment grade by Standard & Poor's Corp., 
reflecting tbe Southeast Asian nation’s deteriorating eco- 
nomic condition. 

• Nepal plans to allow its investment houses to borrow from 

international capital markets instead of from domestic mar- 
kets. as is currently required. AP. afx. Reuters. Bloomberg 


South Korean Loan Sharks Smell Blood 


By David Want a nd Yoolim Lee ^ tionggu aid. *4, riore 1 

** rU5 trillion won in loans from curb lenders. 

SEOUL — Kim Young Soo checks “This is a dark side of the Korean 
out visitors to his dingy two-room office economic miracle." said John Young 
through a peephole in foe din-streaked Lee, an economist at foe Korea Institute 


Unreported on foe company's balance 
leets, Chonggu said, was more than 1 


business and political leaders, both as a 
source of funds and as an investment 


metal door. 

Customers don’t mind foe cluttered 
boxes, tanered couch and smoke-stained 
walls. Ibey want Mr. Kim’s money and 
are willing to pay double bank rates to 
getiL • - • 


IBs customers and thousands like are 


of Finance in SeouL 
For Chonggu, the result was a con- 
struction empire in tatters — 102 build- 
ing projects unfinished, 1,626 apart- 
ments unsold and about 27,000 families 
waiting for apartments they paid for that 


them are driven to South Korea’s illegal 
lending market when legitim- 
ate banks and finance conroa- ___ 

nies are unwilling to lend or We J 
unable to lend quickly. jjk.* 

“Tbe most desperate 11110 - 
people tom to os,” Mr. Kim 
said in an interview. “We are their last 
resort It’s evil, but they need us.' ’ 

He works tbe so-called curb market, 
which tends an estimated 50 trillion won 


liting for apartments they paid for that 
e unnnished- 

Chonggu was not alone. More than 


*We have problem solvers. It’s kind 
like your American Mafia.’ 


are their last 15,000 South Korean companies — 
ed us.” mostly small companies — were de- 
curb market, clared bankrupt last year. Mr. Kim, foe 
D trillion won lender, said most of his borrowers were 


WUM.U iCJKK an CSUITUUCU JU UiUIUU WUU 1CBUU, M1U luuai 

if ($31 billion) a year — a sixth the size of small businesses. 

r HiBAnmM. in nnunrui 1 otirV, TYV 


the commercial bank market — to anyone 
who answers foe ubiquitous advertise- 
ments m leading newspapers here. 

In return, the lenders demand up to 60 
percent interest a year plus collateral. 
Extortion and violence are an ever- 
present threat. 

Many customers have no choice. And 
their numbers are swelling because the 
financial crisis that forced South Korea 
to turn to foe International Monetary 
Fund for a $60 billion rescue has para- 
lyzed many banks. 

Nine of the country’s biggest indus- 
trial groups collapsed last year, leaving 
banks and finance comoanies holding 


“The curb market will almost kill 
business in Korea because of such high 
rates,” said Sung Hee Jwa, president of 
foe Korea Economic Research Institute. 

' Mr. Kim says curb lenders generally 
provide loans for less than a week ro 
companies in need of immediate funds. 
He says he provides financing for 
everything from a five-person business 
to Samsung Group, foe country’s 
second-largest .industrial group. 

Tbe terms of foe loans are onerous. 

Chief executives must sign letters of 


Nine of the country's biggest indus- credit with tbe amount of foe Joan kept 
trial groups collapsed last year, leaving blank, Mr. Kim said. That gives lenders ^ 
banks and finance companies holding weapon to come after the borrower s 
more than 50 trillion won of bad or entire net worth if foe loan is not rep aid- 


suspect loans. Now creditors are un- 
willing to extend loans' as they must meet 


The lenders can also use foe letters of 
credit in bankruptcy court. IT an indi- 


"HUUBlUMiaiUlUiUaMUICJi luiuiuwv, WIW» — I * J , I 

capital standards demanded by foe IMF vidual is unable to pay his debts here, tie 
or agree to be taken over or closed. can be jailed until foe loans are repaid, 

fc Even sane of foe nation’s biggest And if a debtor decides to W 
p companies have been turning to foe curb lenders first, curb lenders have means or 
market, often with disastrous results. ensuring foal their loans take priority. 
When Chonggu Group, one of South Mr. Kim said: “We have problem solv- 
Korea’s largest housing contractors, ers. It’s kind of like your American 
fifed for bankruptcy protection last Mafia. You’ve seen foe movies. We 
week, it reported 1 trillion won in debt make sure we get our money. 

In fact it had borrowed almost twice that Vx : curb lenders have a 

amount. web of relationships with South Korea s 


They provided an anonymous and of- 
ten profitable haven for funds that in- 
vestors would rather not place in tra- 
ditional securities. 

“A lot of the money in foe market is 
dirty, including political slush funds,” 
said Lee Hong Kyu. head of sales at 
Hanwha Finance Co. 

Mr. Kim declined to say who had 
invested in his curb lending, though he 
said that not all of the money came from 
legal sources. “Some of the 
money’s dirty," he adrait- 
of ted. 

Political leaders have also 
turned to the market for ftmd- 

ing, despite its illegal status. 

Hie presidential candidate of the gov- 
erning party, Lee Hoi Chang, said last 
month that he had sought campaign 
loans from curb lenders. 

In many ways, the curb market re- 
sembles South Korea’s spectacular eco- 
nomic growth. 

When the country was trying to re- 
build foe economy after foe Korean War, 
the former military rulers adopted the 
Japanese model of credit allocation. 

The government nationalized banking 
in foe early 1960s and funneled re- 
sources into companies to develop tar- 
geted industries, such as shipbuilding, 
petrochemical, automobiles and con- 
struction. These companies became the 
chaebol, or conglomerates, that today 
dominate foe country’s economy. 

As part of its economic model, the 
government implemented caps on the 
interest rates banks could charge for 
corporate loans and bonds. As a result, 
hanks dramatically limited their fending, 
especially to smaller companies that 
were considered too risky. 

Starved of funds, foe small companies 
never had a chance to play a significant 
role in foe country’s economy. And foe 
only real source of funds for these 
companies was foe curb market. 

“This is a niche market, created by 
malfunction of foe banking system,” 
said Chung Young Hun of foe Korea 
Institute of Public Finance. 




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PAGE 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1998 


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3tmlhS^ribune 


PAGE 18 


FRIDAY JANUARY 2, 1998 


World Roundup 


Hearts Miss Chance 

soccer Hearts squandered an 
opportunity to take first place in the 
Scottish premier division Thursday 
when they surrendered a two goal 
lead and drew, 2-2, with Hibernian 
in the Edinburgh derby. 

Sieve Fulton scored twice for 
Hearts in the opening 10 minutes, 
but Hibs, last in thedivision, fought 
back with second-half goals from 
; Andy Walker and Pat McGLnlay. 

Hearts is now a point behind 
Rangers and three points ahead of 
.third-place Celtic. Rangers play 
Celtic on Friday in the Glasgow 
derby. (Reuters) 

Triple Crown Jockey Dies 

horse RACING Warren Mehr- 
tens, one of only 10 jockeys to ride 
to a Triple Crown, has died. He was 
77. Mehrteus rode Assault to vic- 
tories in the Kentucky Derby, the 
Preakness and the Belmont in 
1946. (AP) 

Richardson Reaches 300 

COLLEGE BASKETBALL Coach 
Nolan Richardson gained his 300th 
victory at Arkansas as his Razor- 
backs cruised to a 103-48 victory 
over Alabama State on Wednesday 
night. 

In the only upset Of tbs night, 
Georgetown beat No. 22 West Vir- 
ginia in Washington, 74-65. Kenny 
Brunner had 15 points and eight 
assists for the Hoyas. (AP) 

Funaki Wins on 2d Hill 

ski jumping Kazuyoshi Funaki 
began the new year the way he 
ended the old one — with a victory 
as he led a Japanese sweep of foe 
podium in foe second leg of foe 
Four Hills World Cup ski jumping 
competition in Garmiscb-Parten- 
kirchen on Thursday. 

Funaki, winner of the opening 
leg of foe prestigious Four Hills in 
Obersidorf on Monday, now leads a 
competition that no Japanese jump- 
er has ever won. ( Reuters ) 


.. j , 






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U»c Lcin/Thc AnocuKd ftrw 

Kazuyoshi Funaki of Japan 
soaring to victory Thursday. 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Washington 
Wizards improved to 8-0 at their new 
home, foe MCI Center,- shooting 59.1 
percent from foe field and playing un- 
selfish, crowd-pleasing basketball. 

The Wizards made short work of the 
Toronto Raptors on Wednesday night to 
dose out 1997 with a 1 18-91 victory. 

Chris Webber and Tracy Murray each 
scored 22 points for Washington. C al- 
bert Cheaney added 21 and three others 
scored in double figures as foe Wizards 
took control late in foe first half and 
never slowed down in foe NBA*s only 
game. 

“This is not a new arena anymore,” 
said Webber, who added eight rebounds 
and six assists. “This is our home and 
we must defend it." 


Since moving into the MCI Center 
after an 0-5 start at US Airways Arena in 
Landover. Maryland, the Wizards have 
improved their home scoring by about 
13 points a game. Their shooting per- 
centage has gone from 41.5 to 48.4. 

■ Jordan Breaks Scoring Record 

Michael Jordan broke Kareem Ab- 
dul-Jabbar’s record for consecutive 
games with at least 10 points scored, 
reaching double figures Tuesday night 
for foe 788th straight time, against the 
Minnesota Timberwolves, The Associ- 
ated Press reported from Minneapolis. 

Jordan finished with 33 points as foe 
Bulls lost 99-95. 

Jordan last failed to score at least 10 
points on March 22, 1986, in a 123-97 
loss at Cleveland.- 


Hasek’s 6th Shutout Reaches a Record 


The Assiviated Press 

After failing to get a shutout in the 
first two months of the NHL season, 
Buffalo's Dominik Hasek is making up 
for lost time. 

Hasek became the first NHL goalie 
since the 1928-29 season to record six 
shutouts in one month as he finished 
December with a 3-0 victory over the 
Ottawa Senators on Wednesday night. 

That made it six shutouts in IS games 
for Hasek after he failed to get even one 
in his first 14. Hasek made 36 saves in 
notching his fourth shutout in (iis last six 
Starts. 

“It's a great feeling for me," Hasek 
said after tying foe record set by George 
Hainswonh in 1928-29, when foe for- 
ward puss wasn’t allowed in the of- 
fensive zone. “It wasn’t our goal for this 
game, but I thought about it for foe last 
couple of games." 

Hasek's shutout broke foe modem 
record of five in a month set by Jim 
Carey in March 1 996 and Tony Esposito 
in February 1974. 

Hasek allowed only 22 goals in 
December, winning seven of his 14 


Scoreboard 


starts and losing six. His only non- 
shutout win during foe month was 3-2 
over Carolina on Dec. 12. 

Hasek was at his best in the second 
period when he stopped 15 shots, in- 
cluding eight on Ottawa power plays. 

Rwd Wings 5, Blums 2 Steve Yzerman 
reached another milestone as Detroit 

NHL Roundup 

extended its season-high unbeaten 
streak to eight by winning at home over 
Sl Louis. 

Yzerman had two assists, moving him 
ahead of Alex Delvecchio for second 
place on Detroit’s career lisL His 826 
assists are second to Gordie Howe's club- 
record 1,049 and I5th on foe NHL list. 

Fty»r» a, Canuck* o Ron Hex tall 
stopped 27 shots and Philadelphia 
scored four first-period goals at Van- 
couver to take over foe lop spot in foe 
Eastern Conference. 

Eric Lindros led foe offense for the 
Flyers with four assists, while John Le- 
Ciair scored twice, marking the third 
straight season he has reached 30 goals. 


Panguins 3| Hmricnm* 2 Robert Lang 
scored foe de-breaker with a short- 
handed goal early in foe third period as 
Pittsburgh beat visiting Carolina, 
lightning 2, Rangers 0 Rob Zamoner 


and Karl Dykhuis scored third-period 
goals to lead Tampa Bay. 

Zamuner's team-leading 13th goal 
with 13:55 left was his fourth in five 
games against foe Rangers this season. 
Dykhuis added an empty-netrer with 
54 jS seconds remaining. 

lm(s 2 , Brum* 2 Roolde right wing 
Mike Johnson scored both Toronto 
goals as foe Maple Leafs rallied from a 
two-goal deficit to tie Boston. 

CaiUKfitm* 3, Flames 2 Brian Savage 
scored a power-play goal late in foe third 
period to lift Montreal over Calgary. 

Kings 2 , star* 2 In Dallas, Craig John- 
son and Dan Bylsma scored third-period 
goals 46 seconds apart and goalie 
Stephane Fiset was perfect over foe final 
58: 1 3 to help Los Angeles tie the Stars. 

Avalanche 3, Islanders 1 Uwe Krupp 
and Adam Deadmarsh scored power- 
play goals as Colorado handed foe vis- 
iting Islanders their fifth straight loss. 


1 BASKETBALL | 

NBA STANDINU 

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19 

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19 

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18 

11 

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Oevetand 

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14 

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Mom 27 M 32 M-w 

NX- Cosset M 6 1 -2 1 & Von Horn 4-30 3-4 
i7s I: Mnflhi 1-12 6-7 21 Mfller MS 4-4 23. 
IftwuniH Mir- Jawr 44 (Von Horn U* 

Indiana 44 |Smlteia. A » tota New Jersey 
14 (Catscfl 9L Indiana 40 Wodcson 113- 
MM 18 31 22 1*— VI 

nmftnd 14 29 19 1*- « 


NL-Hanimcy 12-23 (Ml 29, Mafnfc 54 1 -2 
14- G Kemp 6-12 3-6 IS. Hmdonon 5-8 2-2 
II Andenan 4-1 34-4 12. Rttaanils— Miami 
54 (MMmlng 12k Cleveland 40 Kemp 101. 
Assists— Miami 22 [Hardaway 71, Oewdand 
l# (Andenan 5). 

Toronto 34 12 20 29— 95 

DOfnlt 20 24 21 23—100 

T: Stoodamfre 11-21 7-8 3& Slater M 4-6 
14 Christ* 5*15 2-3 14; D; HOI 10-169-13 29. 
Dumars 7*11 08 24, Stackhouse 5-19 13-14 
24. Retoaads— Toronto S3 (Miller 111, 

Detroit 54 (B-WIIHanu 151. Anbh-Toronta 
14 (Stoadan** 81, Detrail 14 (Durnan 71. 
New York 20 14 27 21- 84 

Odando 23 21 11 24— 79 

N.Y. Johnson 10-164*4 UKwstwi4-127- 
8 1Ai O Ewra 5-12 5-6 Hmperd- 13 (MM 5. 
Rebounds— New York 59 (B.WHBana 10), 
Orlando 47 (Grant Seaaiy. Svotb 8). 
AfsMs-Neor York 24 (Houston. Starts 4k 
Orlando 16 (Armstrong 5). 

'CHcnge 29 27 14 23- 9S 

Minnesota 25 22 23 29-99 

C: Jordan 11-2810-1333. Langley 7-13 2-2 
16 Mr Guglkrtta 9-14 5-5 21 Marbuiy B-1B 6- 
11 21 Mtomds-CMcogo-te ftatfoian 13), 
Minnesota SO (Cameit 11). ASSrStt—Chiaaga 
26 (Koine 8k Minnesota 25 (Marti ury 81. 
DdlM 19 26 25 18 16- 90 

Mfiwoufio* 14 29 24 19 17-105 

D: Finlay 8-13 4-7 21 Reeves 4-14 S-5 18: 
M: RoMnsott 14-26 4-4 32, Allen 8-163-3 17. 
Rebra n ds Da tes 55 -(Green 13k 
MRwaakee 99 (HBI 161. Assists— DoBas 20 
(SaO 8k Milwaukee 28 (Brandon 141. 

(JMt 31 25 43 33—133 

Dnm 14 25 27 31- 99 

IfcQriertaB 7-9 7-1021. Motane8-l03-?l& 
D; Newman 6-9 09 21, Joefcsan 6-13 4-7 ig. 
Rebounds— Utah 57 (Malone Itfl, Denver 42 
Uadasn FartMn SI. AssWs— Utah 35 
Stockton 9L Denver 1 7 (Joetoon 7). 
boston 17 23 25 25 — 90 

Ptnontx 20 27 21 32-100 

B: Walker 10-22663& Sower 4-76-9 14; P: 
Cebdtas 7-12 4-9 21, Robinson 7-12 49 is. 
Rebound*— Boston 53 CWrAer 12). Phoenix 
SB (McDress ID- Asstsls-aastan M 
(Waken BDtopif KflWlt Bnwn. Banos 2k 
Ptwenfa 27 (IGdd 8). 

PMadoklda 21 24 23 18- 84 

Portland 25 23 25 23- 94 


. PftJadrtat&a: Irerson 8-184-5 21. Thomas 
7-13 7-2 Ut Portland: Grant 8-12 4-4 2a Oslo 
3-4 8-8 14. RotauMte— Philadelphia 54 
{Rons 81. Portland 53 (Grant 111. 
Assists — Philadelphia 20 (Iverson 8k 
Portland 30 (Anderson 6). 

San Antonia 39 34 28 27—124 

Vancouver 25 14 35 39-115 

SA.: Person 1 1 -14 1 -232. EBM 8-1 3 3-423.- 
V: Mack 10-14 S-7 2a Abdur-Rotwn 9-21 66 
24. Robowds— SA-50 (DJtoWfBOn 10k V- 
41 (Reeves 12). Assists— Son Antonio 29 
(Johnson 15). Vancouver 28 (Daniels 7). 
Sacranwfo 24 17 28 17-80 

1_A. Lakers 31 16 24 20-13 

S: Adbul-Wahod 9-13 1-1 19. Rletiawnd 4- 

18 66 15. Lakers: Campbell 7-14 9-11 23. 
Janes 6-11 3-3 17. RohnnmtT — S a am n ado 
49 (Polymce 13), Lafcere 55 (Campbell 9). 
Assist s Suuum e nlu 23 {Rjchannd 8k 
Laken 25 (Von BsM 11). 

Sean# 27 30 27 17-101 

GeWea State 38 23 19 U-S7 

S: Payton 9-12 2-2 22. Baker 5-15 69 16; 
G«k: Smith 11-19 1-221 Marshall 8-19 1-1 IS 
Rebounds— Seattle 44 (Payton 1 0k Golden 
Slate53 (Smith 12). Assita-$eattte30 (Pay- 
tan 11k GUden Stale 26 (5hmk Coles 8). 


South Candna 4& Tawson 55 
New Mexico 69. Yale 44 
Xavier 93. Butler 44 

MtadssipflJ 99. Northwestern State. La. 52 
Syracuse vs. Ptttsbotgh, postponed, snow 
Mlssaurl 8k Maryland 79 
demon 71, Western Kentucky 52 
Rhode Island 94 Pamsylnaiki69 
WBMESOAY'S GAMES 
I own 09, Indkma 76 
Ftertda State 46 DePouISS 
Michigan 76, Wisconsin 63 
Georgetown 74. Wnst Virginia 65 
Aitandas 103, Alabama St. 48 
Marti orSte 71. S*. Peters 55 

Euhostars Game 

TUESDAY INTEL AVIV 
East 129. West! 07 


ICE HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


Toronto 2B 23 22 18- 91 

Wsstagtan 35 30 28 25-118 

T: Staudamire 7-20 2-2 19. Christie 5-12 68 
18; W: Webber 9-14 2-2 22. Murray 9-13 M 
22. Reboonds— Toronto 40 (McGrady, 
Staudondre 51. Washington 52 (Howard. 
Daws 9). AssWs-Torwsa 25 (Stoadomlm 
7). Washington 33 tStriddaad 12). 

Majoh Cqlleoe Scores 

TUEaDWS GAMC9 

Hawaii 76 Kamos 65 
Duka 89, Porltand State 39 
Michigan State 74, PvmhM 57 
Kentucky 95, Otda Urdvenity 58 
Stardom 69, Santa Oara 40 
Artrana 12S, Kaflia State 87 
UCLA 7-t IIHneto 49 
CoMKdiait 90, Fairfield 63 


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25 11 2 52 116 n 
17 15 8 O 109 108 


N.Y. Rangers 12 18 12 36 104 114 

N.Y. Esbmdere IS 20 5 35 1IB 114 

Florida 14 2D 6 34 103 117 

TeanpaBoy 9 23 7 25 70 115 

NORTHEAST DnraUN 

Pittsburgh 21 12 8 50 -112 93 

Montreal 21 15 6 48 lie 100 

Boston 17 16 7 41 101 103 

<W»*i W 18 4 40 99 93 

ComlMa 15 21 S 3S 104 114 

Buffalo 14 19 6 34 92 103 

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CtaBn 25 9 7 57 198 85 

aLoub 22 15 6 SO 124 108 

Ptaenk 17 16 7 41 112 109 

CHCOgo 14 18 7 35 89 90 

Tomato 13 19 6 32 87 111 



AF_ 

Brother of Marlins’ Ace, a Star Pitcher Himself, Dashes From Cuba 


By Timothy W. Smith 

New York Tones Srm'crr 

NASSAU, Bahamas — 
Around 7:30 AM. on- the day 
after Christmas, Oriando 
Hemaadez and seven com- 
panions climb ed info a small 
sailboat with four oars. They 
loaded four cans of -Spam, 
some bread, some sugar and 
some drinking water onto foe 
craft and guided it into foe 
calm azure Caribbean water 
off the Cuban coast. 

Hernandez is one of foe 
best pitchers ever to play on 
the Cuban national baseball 
team. Known in his home- 
land as El Dnque. or Hie 
Duke, he was banned from 
the club two years ago be- 
cause foe government be- 
lieved he was about to defect 
and had aided in the defec- 
tion of other baseball players, 
including his half-brother, 
Li van, wbo was voted the 
most valuable player in foe 
World Series last year as a 
pitcher for the Florida' Mar- 


Since then, Oriando 
Hernandez said Wednesday, 
he had become an object of 
ridicule and a target for har- 
assment, and had recently 


selves on crabs they fished 
from the sea, all foe while 
wondering when, or if, they 
would ever reach America. 

After being rescued by the 
U.S. Coast Guard, they were 
-taken to Freeport and placed 
in the custody of foe Bahami- 
an government. A few hours 
later, they were ferried to 
Nassau where they spent 
Tuesday night at foe Carmi- 
chael Road refugee camp, 'a 
dank compound of three pink 
dnderblock buildings sur- 
rounded by . a chain-link 
fence on foe outskirts of the - 
island. 

Hernandos described bis. 
flight at a news conference at 
the offices of foe Bahamas 
Immigration Department 

When foe voyagers first 
arrived in Freeport, they bad 
asked for political asylum in 
foe United States and were 
interviewed for twohonrs on 
Tuesday night by a delega- 
tion that included foe U.S. 
ambassador to foe B ahamas . 

Late Wednesday after- 
noon, the State Department 
issued a statement saying that 


John MdCkmdl/Tbe Wnfangun Rra 

Chris Webber leaps as Tracy Murray, left, and Tracy McGrady watch. 

Hey Presto! Wizards Move 
And Shots Begin to Drop 


lost his job. That scorn, plus 
his dream of playing profes- 
sional baseball in foe United 
States before his skill* di- 
minished, prompted Hernan- 
dez to leave behind two 
daughters, and persuade his 
companion, his cousin «nri 
five others to board an un- 
sea worthy vessel and head 
for foe United States. 

Theirjoomey of hope soon 
turned dangerous, however, 
as foe eight defectors spent 



Hernandez and ■ two others 
were cleared to enter foe 
United States. The others 
woe Alberto Hemand® (no 
relation), another baseball 

E layer, and Noris Bosch, who 
i aham ian officials said was 
Oriando riernandez’s wife 
but who foe pitcher insisted 
was his gir lfriend. 

The department’s spokes- 
man, James Foley, said in the 
statement that the three were 
cleared for humanitarian rea- 
sons because they had been 
harassed and deprived from 
their livelihoods in Cuba. 
The other defectors, Foley 
said, would remain in the 
custody of the Bahamian im- 
migration officials. The Ba- 
hamas has an agreement with 
Cuba to return refugees, but it 
is not always enforced. 

The State Department 
made no mention or whether 
foe players would be allowed 
to stay permanently in the 
United States, a decision that 
would rest with the Depart- 
ment of Immigration and 
Naturalization. 

Joe Cabas, a Miami-based 


*1 






days stranded on Anguilla 
Cay, a remote sliver of land 
in Bahamian waters near 
Cuba. They sustained foem- 



Oriando Hernandez and Noils Bosch in Nassau. 


What a Price Sports Fans Have to Pay 

Washington Post Service 

W ASHINGTON i — These Vantage Point/ Thoiam Boswell 

days, the consumer is king. “ ' 1 ' 

Ever ywh ere, that is, except hockey. There, foe average ticket and without Look at Peter Angelos, i 


Washington Post Service 

W ASHINGTON i — These 
days, the consumer is king. 
Everywhere, that is, except 
in sports. There, we're still being 
treated like the court jester. 

Think about it a minute. Computers 
- cost less every year. Retailers offer big 
sales. Who’d buy a new car without a 
fat rebate? McDonald’s recently 
offered burgers at 1955 prices. What 
next? Order a Big Mac and get a free 
cow on a tether? 

Every day, the front page of Amer- 
ican newspapers discusses die chance 
of deflation, not inflation. The CEO of 
America's biggest company says, 
“Nobody has pricing power.” 
Nobody, apparently, except pro teams 
such as foe Baltimore Orioles. They 
just raised ticket prices 15 percent 
after last year’s 19 percent leap. 

So, how do we feel now about 
Brady Anderson, Mike Mussina, Cal 
Ripken, Joe Carter and Doug Drabek? 
The bill just arrived. Who pays then- 
huge new salaries? We do, of course. 

When Camden Yards opened in 
1992, foe average ticket was $10.87. 
Two years ago, that cost had jumped to 
$13.14. Since then, foe Orioles have 
gone bonkers. Next season, the av- 
erage Orioles ticket will cost $18.93. 
That’s a 74 percent leap in six years. 

It matters not where you sit. In five 
years, the bleachers have gone from £4 
to $9 while box seats have rocketed 
from $13 to $30. The Orioles believe 
in proportional suffering. 

The team's rationale is fascinating. 
Their tickets are a bargain compared 
with pro basketball, football and 


hockey. There, foe average ticket 
prices last season were $3632, $38.09 
■ and $40.64, respectively. See, we're 
only shaving you half as close. 

“Baseball may not be foe mom- 
and-pop business it was 30 years 
ago,” said the Orioles' vice chairman, 
Joe Foss, “yet it remains a sport moms 
and pops can afford." Well, Bill 
Gates’s mom and pop, anyway. A 
couple can sit in foe upper deck in left 
field all season for just $2,600. 

Unfortunately, we know wham to 
blame. It’s foe j»rson sitting next to us 
at the park. (No, no, not us.) Recently, 
a friend at Oriole Park said: “If they 
don't re-sign Brady, I’m canceling my 
tickets. If Brady goes, I go.” 

The Orioles heeded the vox populi 
and re-signed Anderson for $31 mil- 
lion. For five years. This guy breaks 
bones, runs into walls, plays with pain. 
But he’s now guaranteed $635 million 
when he’s 38. By 2002, Brady may 
need a walker; but he’s signed! So, 
let’s celebrate. 

Those of us wbo remain fascinated 
by pro sports have become part of an 
insane spiral in salaries and ticket 
prices. Nobody’s at fault. Yet every- 
body’s gone nuts. 

Players can ’t be blamed for seeking 
high salaries. Some, like Mussina, An- 
derson and Ripken, even take a few 
percent less than market value to stay 
in towns, and with teammates, thgt 
they like. 

Owners often are driven toward as- 
tronomical budgets both from within 


and without Look at Peter Angelos, the 
Orioles’ owner. Everything in him 
wants to compete, win and then cel- 
ebrate. Deep dewnbe wants to spend — 
and he has. His payroll of $73 millioa is 
among foe top force in baseball — but 
that’s no guarantee his team will win. 

On foe other hand. Angelos also is - 
scared of his fans, ffthey abandon him, 

. what then? The value of his- team 
plummets. Thai’s how you can lose 
real money. Teams are bought with 
borrowed money. And banks have 
long memories. 

Fans can’t be faulted entirely either. 
Maybe we’re spending all that money 
we’re saved on computers and ham- 
burgers to buy tickets to games. 

Unions demand foe best deals they 
can extract, regardless of foe long-term 
good of the game. Owners extrapolate 
past revenue gains into the future. 
They assume that the next television 
contract will be bigger. Ticket prices 
can always be hiked. The stands will 
stay full. Living in this fiscal fantasy, 
if s easy for foe Boston Red Sox to pay 
pitcher Pedro Martinez $69 million. 

Meanwhile, ticket prices keep 
rising. More and more of us find 
ourselves taking our children to Mary- 
land lacrosse, Navy football and minor 
league baseball. And, each year, more 
and more tickets are bought by cor- 
porations as a tax-deductible enter- 
tainment gimmi ck 

For several years, a malicious 
thought has preyed on my mind. What 
happens in foe next recession? 


McmcomsioN 


Colorado 

21 

8 

12 

54 

124 

97 

Lai Angelos 

16 

16 

7 

39 

112 

110 

San Jow 

14 

20 

S 

33 

94 

TtS 

Anaheim 

13 

20 

7 

33 

93 

m 

Edmonton 

11 

20 

9 

31 

92 

119 

Calgaiy 

11 

23 

8 

30 

1C6 

128 

Vancouver 

11 

23 

6 

28. 

109 

141 

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tSandenon. ONeflQ 3d Ported: Anaheim 
Selanne 32 (Katya Sandshsnti Stott an 
goal: A- 8-11-7—26. Caraltao 11-12-3-26. 
Go***; A-Hetort. Qmfina. Bwta. 

Chicago 1 4 1-6 

ItawJeney 1 0 1—2 

1st Period: New Jersey, Andreychuk 6 
(Gfcwnu) (ptf. 2, C-Sutler2 (Dobtafctf fell). 
26 P«rt*Si Chteoftfc Dan 13 {Lemurt 4, C-, 
Btack7(DazbCheflo5)fc29(pf>).5r£-Sutefd 
(Arawte Johnson) & CNaigo, Daze 14 
(SUM) 3d Parted: C-Zhanmv 6 (Ctoftoi. 
Amartte) (ppl. & NXPerfcraoa 8 (Dean) 
Stoll an goal: C- 12-17-6—37. NJ.- 10-2- 
15-T-27. Goafies: C-Hackett NJ.-Dunlwm 
S Mo ridewia. 

San Jow i‘ 0 1 0-2 

Ftaftta 1 1 8 0—2 

1st Period: F- Whitney 14 (SvetdaT (pp) . Z 
San Jata G81 7 (Rognarsson Morteau) (pp). 
2d Parlodi ftertda Whtmey 15 (Cartaia] 
1829. 3d Period: 4 (Crown, 

NtenRs) 532. Onrttow: Nano. Shots on 
goal! 5J.- 11-11-6-1-29. F- S-8-7-T-Z1. 
Games: SJ,- Vernon. F-Vtatatabram*. 
PNhxMptei 1 l 1-3 

Etowatan g i t— i 

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2d Period; BUndgrcn 9 (Mnrcftortt 
Buctdrergert X P-NEntmaa 2 CSwboda 
ProspaO 1026 (pp). 3d Ported: P-LeOnirW 
(FaOoon, .Grattofi) Shots on goaf: P-15-6- 
6—27. £-4-9-15-30. Goafies, P-Snow. E- 
JaKph. 

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Cantata 1 1 8-2 

Pittsburgh 2 8 1-3 

1st prated: C-Priaeau ID (Kapanen).! P* 


PJtenUD 3 (Hatdier. Slogrt a P-v Barnes 11 
(Francis, Jogr) 1 730 (pp).2d Perte* C-Kron 
8 (Wester, Prirascu) 3d Period: P-Lang 5 
IStegrt WO. State so god: C-li-8-7— 7b. P- 
1MQ5 -24. Soattes: GvtaMonsfcL F-5fcudra. 
Ottawa 0 0 o—o 

BnfWo 2 0 1-3 

lit Ported: B-BgnHgeS (WooBey, Zhftidk) 
(pp). Z B-Peco R 17112 few. 2d Ported: 
Nona. 3d Ported: B-Pcco 10 (SmehUc) (sh). 
State on goal: O- 9-15-12-36. B- 7-10- 
12-29. Goafies; CKTugnult B-Hasefc. 

N.Y. Raagsn 0 0 0-0 

Torapa Bay 8 8 2-2 

1st .Parted: None. 2d Period: Nona. 3d 
period: Tampa Boy, ZatawurlS (Lanotow 
SafiMMOV) 1 T-Dykhufs 4 ten). Shots an 
god: N.Y.-11-3-9— ZL T- 8-10-6-24, 

Goafies: N.Y.-f*Mar. T-Sdnratv Wffldnsan. 
Boston 2- Q 0 0-2 

Tonnte 0 T 1 8-2 

III Petted: B-KMsSch 15 CSamsorm 

Afetarenl2,B*lteml3(l>Kwta,DlniQSo)2d 
Parted: TOohnson 8 CSundbv TnmUay) 3d 
POriod: T-Johwon 9 (Zefflec Sandhi & 
Owrttei*: None. State oa goat B- 7-3^0-71. 
T- 9-154-1— 31. Gatfies: B-Taltas. T-Hwty. 
St Look I 0. i-0 

Drtofl j ] 2-4 

1st Period: D-KdCW< (Brew), Fetisov) 
£27- 2. SL Louis, Rhas 1 (Campbell 
Tuipoonl (pp). 2d Period: O-firown 11 
(Mtuphy) 4 D-, Brawn 12 (LMstrem, Kaztea) 
(pp). 3d Period: D-Maiter 8 CYiwraan, 
Mctterty)&Sj^Toradta6(Goarey,Preitgeri 
7, Detroit stmnaton 18 (Ytermaiw McCarty) 
(bO - SPals oa gaaE SLr 54-1 8-19, (j. 7-18- 
S — 30. Ga^ot; 5JL-Fuhr. D-Oigood. 
Montreal .-111-4 

Calgary 1 2 8-3 

1st Period: M-Conon U (Bute, RaaehQ 
i40 rppl. Z M-Tacter 1 CS two nsnn) 2d 
Period: Calgary, Bouchard 2 (Flow* 
ajnmanUCMjBtay] (Dlngmaa Hogiund) 

3d Period: M-SavapelOIBrisrirabManson) 

(pp). State on goat M- 11 4-12—27. C- 1M5- 
4-40. fin ofi o s: M-Moog. C-TabaroccL 
Lm Aagales 0 0 2 0-2 

Uafias 2 0 0 0 — 2 

D4 <rtac 4 (Retd- VertredO 
2:18-2. D-Hrkoc5 (anadieiMZeid) (pp},2ri 
Perteta None. 3d Period: LArJdmxn 8 
(Galley SlumpeO (pp). 4, LA-Bytana 2 


(Mouse Lapomere) Owoffino: Nona. State 
on goal: UW-9-7-1— 23. q. n-2-11-2 — 
C o oita: LA-Rset D-Bdfcur. 
(LY.Iftandore 0 B 1—1 

Cotarodo 2 0 1—3 

1st Ported: C-Ktupp5 (Corbet Lacrate) 
(pp). Z C-Deudomtei 12 (Lacroix, Cor. ben 
(pp). 2d Period: None. 2d Period: N.Y.-Nem- 

ddno*7 (Fte«ri 4el7.4 C-Lendeite 13 (Kunt 

Fdaberg) State an goat: N.Y-G-I4B-2L C- 
11-188— 29. COaSes HY.-Fidiaud C-Roy. 

vSSSS* 0 i 0 

VUIUVW Q Q A 0 

1st Period: P-Ktatt4 (Brintf Amoat Lindroa) 
2. P-FoOoon 4 (Uutreo, Rkharriun) 737, l 
P-Grotton 9, lOZL 4, P-LeOSr 3D (Undros. 
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Forties 3 (Prospat Desfardns) & PLaaotel 
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Potfc W 14:14 
ff* P‘12-12-20-44. V-12-9- 
6-27. Gootos: P4tadafi. V-liba Hfach. 


FOOTBALL 


Colleoe Bowl Games 

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1 * m 


sports agent who has aided ; 
foe defection of more than a ' 
dozen Cuban baseball play- 
ers, was in the Bahamas oa 
Wednesday and said he had 
xnnged for humanitarian 
visas to Costa Rica for ah 
eight defectors. 

In the past, Cubas has dir- 
ected some defecting players » 
jiQ Caribbean nations rather 
foan foe United States be- 
cause, under Major League 
Baseball rules, establishi ng 
residency outside foe United 
Stales means a defecting 
player can negotiate a free- ' , 
agent contract with any team, 
he chooses. If a player comes, 
forectly to the United States, 
however, he has to enter foe 
amateur draft and is thus Urn- . 
ited to negotiating with only 
with foe team that selected. . 
him. 

Oriando Hernandez has 
said he would enjoy playing 
with his brother Livan on foe 
Marlins. 

[On Thursday, a high- 
ranking Bahamian immigra- 
tion official said Hernandez 
had decided to seek asylum 
in the Bahamas rather than in 
foe United States, The As- 
sociated Press reported from 
Nassau.] 

[“It has taken a new 
twist,” said Vernon Bur- 
rows, deputy director of im- 
migration. “I’ve just spoken 
10 Orlando and they are all 
going to remain here for the - 
time being.*’] 

Hernandez, when talking 
to the media about his de- 
cision to leave Cuba and foe 
ordeal of his journey, became 
overwhelmed with emotion. - 

“With foe faith and our 
strength and always believ- 
ing in God, we knew we 
would be able to make it,” he 
said as he dropped his head in 
his hands and began to sob 
softly. 












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ai() j , S' The Bills Are Overdue 
■•//. 0| ) And. So Levy Is Gone 


By Dave Anderson 

Nr*' York Times Service 




.• ■*£ 
'■'-U l-_ 







NEW YORK — Bundled in a blue 
Bills parka in the Buffalo chill, Marv 
Levy always looked and sounded more 
like a nor-so-notty professor who had 
somehow wandered onto the sideline. 
And with a Phi Beta Kappa key from 
Coe College in Iowa ana a master’s 
degree in English history from Harvard, 
he often provided his players with his- 
torical and professorial perspective on 
life in pro football. 

“I re mind ed them,'’ he once said, 
“bow Hitler almost conquered the 
world, but then, he got bogged down in 
Russia. And you know what his problem 
was? He couldn’t win on die road." 

With a 58-15 record in winning four 
consecutive American Football Confer- 
ence championships from 1990 through 
1993, the Bills won on the road as well 
as in Rich Stadium in Buffalo, but you 
know what their problem was? They 
couldn't win at four neutral Super Bowl 
sites in Tampa, Florida, Minneapolis, 
Pasadena, California, and Atlanta. 

That, sadly, is how 72-year-old Marv 
Levy, who retired Wednesday as the 
Bills’ coach, will primarily be re- 
membered. 

“To be considered great," he has 
acknowledged, “we're going to have to 
win the Super BowL, and I think- that's 
fair.'* Bat for what Levy and die Bills 
accomplished, that’s not fair. 

In their 


four Super Bowl matchups. 


only once were the Bills considered die 
better team. And if Scott Norwood’s 47- 
yard field goal attempt had been ins ide 
the upright instead ofjjust outside it, the 
New York Giants wonld have lost and 
die Bills would have won, 22-20. 

If — that word will always haunt 
Levy's frustrations about Super Bowl 
XXV. 

But there were no ifs about the next 
three Super Bowl losses — by 37-24 to 
the Washington Redskins in die Metro- 
dome, then by 52-17 to the Dallas Cow- 
boys in foe'Rose Bowl and by 30-13 to 
the Cowboys in die Georgia Dome. The 
Bills were simply nor as good as those 
Redskins and Cowboys. 

“There’s one way I can assure you’ll 
never lose a Soper Bowl game," Levy 
said when the Bills were awaiting their 
fourth. “Don’t get in it” 

By' getting to four successive Super 
Bowls, Levy accomplished what no other 
National Football League coach has. But 

instead of getting foe c mrftf . hfthuriw akp 
the blame for not winning the big one 
with such stars as Jim Kelly, Thunnan 
Thomas, Andre Reed and Bruce Smith. 
Bows were never his style, anyway. 

Now that Levy has retired, maybe 
he'll finally get the ultimate credit — 
election to the Pro Football Hall of 
Fame. His 154 victories (143 in the 
regular season, 1 1 in the playoffs) are 
more than those of such Hall of Fame 
coaches as Joe Gibbs (140), Weeb 
Ewbank (134), Vince Lombardi (105) 
and Bill Walsh (102). 



jrfl' Tnppviff Brutmii 


Kansas State’s Michael Bishop shaking off Syracuse’s Tebucky Jones and Morion Greenwood (52). 

Farewell to Nebraska 9 s 25-Year Coach 

Osborne’s Team Could Hand Him 3d National Title in Final Bowl 


By Jennifer Frey 

Washington Post Service 


‘It’s Painful, but Pll Play’ 

Power Back Tells Denver What It Wants to Hear 


By Joe Drape 

New York Times Service 



•j-fc > 


ms Han 1 to Pm 




* « s\ m a ■ Bi'iwiu 


DENVER — Terrell Davis is a small 
210 pounds, if that is possible, with a 
baby face fired by frequent smiles. He 
wears braces, which he often worries 
will capture food and make him lode 
goofy in television interviews. 

His mom, Kataree Davis, moved here 
this season to be closer to her youngest, 
a 25-year-oid she calls “her baby," and 
she takes over his kitchen a couple of 
times a week to make sure he is eating 
right Her baby does not complain. 

In appearance and demeanor, Terrell 
Davis is closer to a frequent visitor in the 
Broncos’ locker room. Jack Elway, than 
he is to John Elway, Denver’s quar- 
terback and the S-year-old’s father. 

But right now. Davis acts the part of a 
pro running back. In the third quarter 
against Jacksonville last Saturday, he 
finished a 59-yard run with an ex- 
hausted belly flop on the ball, which 
184-yard, two-touchdown 


ended his 
day. 

Two plays later, Davis bruised his 
ribs daring a scramble for a loose balL 
Although X-rays revealed that nothing 
was broken, it hurts for him to inhale. 

He tells friends not to joke with him; 
it is excruciating to laugh. And Davis 
loves to laugh. Wincing, he utters what 
all of Denver wants to hear. 

“It’s painful, but I’ll play,” said 
Davis, trying to replace a grimace with a 
smile. “This is die time of year to 
play." 

Even Elway, the 1 5-year veteran and 
certain Hall of Fame quarterback, con- 
cedes that his team’s most important 


component Sunday against Kansas City 
on foe Chiefs’ home turf in Arrowhead 
Stadium will be Davis. 

“He’s foe reason we’ve been suc- 
cessful," Elway said. “We’re not one- 
dimensional. We have enough fire 
power in our passing game that we can 
let loose when a team gears up to stop 
foe run. 

“It’s been nice to have a balanced 
offense, and Terrell is foe reason 
why.” 

In the 42-17 victory over Jackson- 
ville, the Broncos controlled foe ball 
more than two-thirds of foe game and 
gained more than 500 yards. 

Davis controlled the tempo with 31 
carries. 

In two regular-season games against 
the Chiefs, Davis topped 100 yards each 
time, and Denver held foe ball for 37 and 
36 minutes. Only a 54-yard field goal by 
Pete Stoyanovich on foe final play at 
Arrowhead on Nov. 16 kept foe Broncos 
from sweeping the series, as well as 
from capturing the American Confer- 
ence’s home field advantage for foe 
playoffs. . 

Besides keeping the National Foot- 
ball League’s worst rushing defense off 
foe field — the Broncos give up an 
average 4.7 yards a cany — a galloping 
Davis also provides a comforting all-is- 
right-in-thc- world calm to a team that 
has muffed many a big moment in the 
past 

While Elway boasts legendary 
comebacks that are remembered as 
“The Game’ ’ and “The Drive,’ ’ as well 
as three Super Bowl appearances, the 
1997 Broncos are counting on Davis to 
power their Super Bowl drive. 


M IAMI — It has. been mote t han 
a decade since Tom Osborne’s 
sou, Mike, was foe quarterback 
at tiny Hastings College, a small school 
west of Lincoln. Nebraska. 

Dad didn’t see many of Mike's high 
school games. He was too busy coach- 
ing the University of Nebraska 
Corahnskers. 

There were a few Saturday night 
games in Hastings, however, when Os- 
borne would finis h up in Lincoln and 
drive there with his nephew, Justin, to 
watch his son play. 

But Tom Osborne could not bear just 
to watch. 

Standing in foe sunshine at Pro Player 
Stadium here Wednesday, his 5-year- 
old clinging to his ankles. Mike Osborne 
discovered that foe memory of those 
days can still make him laugh. 

“I*d look up and I'd see Justin come 
sneaking down to foe bench and I'd just 
smirk," said Mike, now 32. “Dad 
would read foe defense and he'd send 
me down plays through Justin. Most of 
foe time they were passing plays — 
believe it or not coming from my dad — 
but 1 guess that’s because we didn't 
have much of a running game. 

On Friday night. Mike will sit in foe 
stands and watch his father coach his 
final game after completing 25 seasons 
—some glorious, some controversial, or 
both — as die head coach at Nebraska. 

The Corahnskers will face the Ten- 
nessee Volunteers in the Orange BowL 
And there is a chance, should No. I- 
ranked Michigan lose Thursday in foe 
Rose Bowl, that the game will be played 
for a third national championship in 
Osborne’s tenure al Nebraska. A victory 
would give him a 255-49-3 career re- 
cord and a higher winning percentage 
than any active coach. 

Those things, though, are maybes. 
The only certainty about Friday is that 
afterward Osborne finally will stop 
coaching the game he has loved. 

*' T know a pan of him will die this last 
game,” his son said. “You do 
something for 30 years and commit 
yourself to it and there’s a part of you 
that lives that, breathes that. And that 


a; 


will be hard for him, 1 know." 

There is a taint on Tom Osborne, a 
taint that comes from outside foe state of 
Nebraska, and just the thought of it 
angers Tommie Frazier. 

Frazier was one of Osborne’s greatest 
uarterbacks, and he was there during 
e days when Osborne won his first 
national championship in 1994 and also 
when foe taint first surfaced. 

• “This is what I have to say," Frazier 
said Wednesday, choosing his words 
carefully. “If you really want to know 
whar Tom Osborne is about hang out 
with him for a day. watch him for a day, 
see how he goes about his work and his 
life. You can disagree with the decisions 
that he's made, that’s fine. Bnt don’t form 
your perceptions of him from far away. 
That’s all I ask. Don’t just base it on what 
people think are foe problems." 

O SBORNE’S FIRST “problem" 
was named Christian Peter. His 
biggest problem, to this day, is 
named Lawrence Phillips. Together 
with a handful of other, lesser-Jaiows 
layers, those two men — and foe way 
sborne handled their situations — 
brought harsh public scrutiny of foe 
Nebraska football program, which long 
had been known for its discipline, its 
success and its high graduation rates. 

Peter, a team captain, was charged 
with sexual assault, among various oth- 
er crimes, yet never was suspended from 
foe Nebraska football team, and played 
— while under indictment — ‘in foe 
1995 Orange Bowl that produced Os- 
borne’s first national championship. 

Peter eventually entered a no-contest 
plea and was sentenced to 18 months 
probation. 

The following year, Phillips assaulted 
his girlfriend, dragging her down a flight 
of steps by her hair. He received a six- 
game suspension from Osborne, who 
watched Phillips ran for 165 yards in foe 
Fiesta Bowl that January, when the team 
won its second straight national title. 

Osborne defended those decisions, 
but admits that his critics might have 
reason to think he was wrong. 

“I don’t believe I've ever tried to 
make a decision based on whar would 
play well with foe press or with foe 
public or with foe fans," Osborne said 


8 


“I’ve tried to make decisions based on 
each case and what I thought was fair 
and what I thought was right. I've prob- 
ably made mistakes. 

Although he does not speak to Phil- 
lips on a regular basis, Osborne has 
watched Phillips break foe rules and get 
into trouble again and again after he was 
drafted by foe Sl Louis Rams, who 
finally released him earlier this year. 
And he watched, wifo worry and con- 
cern, when foe Miami Dolphins’ coach. 
Jimmy Johnson, later decided to give 
Phillips another chance. 

“I had my chance wifo Lawrence 
when he was at Nebraska, and we did 
everything we thought was reasonable, 
and then it was up to Lawrence," Os- 
borne said. “I think foe same thing 
happened wifo foe Rams, and now with 
Jimmy Johnson. At some point. 
Lawrence is going to respond in the right 
way or probably he’ll be out of football. 
And I'a say he might be at his last stop. 

Osborne has excluded almost 
everything save football from his life, at 
times, he admitted, to foe detriment of 
his marriage and his family. 

“There were times when I thought I 
would totter out at 65 or 70 and that’s 
been a concern wifo me: Is that fair to 
ray family?" said Osborne, who is 60. 

Osborne has been seen as an intensely 
shy, private man who is deeply reli- 
gious. 

*Tm a little reluctant to talk about 
that too much because I think some- 
times people don’t understand,” Os- 
borne said, ' ‘but my spiritual life is very 
important to me." 

Osborne's spiritual life also is the 
major factor in his decision to step down 
after the gamd Friday. Something deep 
inside him, he said, told that it would 
just not be right to continue coaching 
after this year. 

Asked if ever, in his 25 years, he 
considered leaving foe state and-school 
that he loves. Osborne said he had been 
interviewed once by foe University. of 
Colorado. But he just could not leave. 

“I guess foe one thing that held me 
back from leaving was I couldn’t go in 
and tell players that 1 recruited that I'd 
decided someplace else was better, " he 
said. “And I guess, deep down, there 
was no other team I wanted to coach." 


Small Dawgs 
Bring Down ; 
Big Badgers : 
To Win Bowl 


OurStrf Fn*" ** 

Robert Edwards ran for three touch- 
downs Thursday and Mike Bobo finished 
with 19 consecutive completions to lead 
No, 1 2 Georgia to a 33-6 rout of Wis- 
consin in the Outback Bowl in Tompa. 

Edwards ran for 110 yards, while 
Bobo was 26-of-28 for 235 yards and 
one touchdown. Edwards's backups 
Olandis Gary, rushed for 61 yards on 
just four carries and scored once. 

Wisconsin’s superior size, particularly 
on foe offensive line where foe Badgers 

Co lleoe Bo wl Roundup 

average 324 pounds, proved to be a li- 
ability instead of an advantage. Georgia s 
smaller, but much quicker defensive 
front dominated the line of scrimmage. . 

Edwards and Gary upstaged Ron 
Dayne, Wisconsin’s 262-pound tail- 
back who ran for 1 .421 yards and scored 
15 TDs during the regular season. He 
was held to 36 yards on 14 carries by 
Georgia's swarming defense. 

The Bulldogs also harried Mike 
Samuel, the Wisconsin quarterback, 
who was intercepted twice in the first 
half and finished with eight completions 
in 27 attempts for 84 yards. 

No 10, Kansas State 35, No. 16 Syra- 
cuse is Michael Bishop, a junior com- 
pleting his first year of Division I- A 
competition, put on a spectacular dis- 
play of versatility Wednesday to lead 
Kansas State to victory in the Fiesta 
Bowl in Tempe. Arizona. 

Bishop win. the Wildcats' leading 
rasher with 73 yards. He completed 14 
of 23 passes for 3 17 yards and four TDs: 
Darnell McDonald was the beneficiary 
of Bishop's hot hand, catching seven 
passes for 206 yards and three TDs. 

Bishop is a junior-college transfer 
who has been a pan of foe Wildcat 
program for only four months. 

No. 22 Southern Mississippi 41, Pitts- 
burgh 7 Lee Roberts and Sherrod 
Gideon teamed up for three TDs and foe 
Southern Mississippi defense scored 
three more as foe Golden Eagles won the 
Liberty Bowl in Memphis, Tennessee. 

Roberts was 18-of-26 for 227 yards 
and Gideon finished wifo a seven; 
catches for 1 1 1 yards. 

No. 22 Southern Mississippi finished 
9-3, its best record since going 10-2 in 
1 988, and ruined foe first bowl game for 
Pittsburgh (6-6) since 1989. The vie-! 
tory. by foe widest margin in foe Liberty 
Bowl's 39 years, means foe Eagles will 
finish in foe Top 25 for foe first time. . 

No. 16 Arizona State 17, Iowa 7 In El 
Paso. Texas. Mike Martin rushed for 
169 yards and a touchdown to lead 
Arizona Srafe over Iowa in foe Sun 
Bowl. 

The Sun Devils’ quarterback. Sieve? 
Campbell, a backup starring his first ‘ 
game, made the most of a modest 
passing game, completing 5-of-li . 
passes for 109 yards and a 35-yard - 

No- 17 Purdue 33, No. 24 Oklahoma 

State 20 In San Antonio, Texas. Billy 
Dicken shook off a first-quarter injury 
to his throwing arm and passed for 325 
yards, leading foe Boilermakers to vie-: 
lory Tuesday in foe Alamo Bowl. 

Dicken. a senior, completed 18 of 34 
passes with two TDs and three inter- 
ceptions. (LAT. AP) 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


SP&GENWSWF FIEESTVE 
DESMCASlE SOJH BONGS 
OF PLANET 


IN h SURPRISE foWBNER. 
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PACE20 

POSTCARD 

The Rebirth of Grappa 


By R.W. Apple Jr. 

Sm York Times Service 

P ERCOTO, Italy — 

Through uncounted de- 
cades, grappa was little more 
than a cheap, portable form of 
central heating for peasants in 
northern Italy. 

A shot tor two, or three) 
after dinner helped ward off 
' die damp, misty cold that of- 
ten settles over the alpine 
foothills and the flatlands just 
beneath them. And a shot in 
die breakfast espresso — a 
'rorvetto." or corrected cof- 
fee — got the motor started in 
the morning gloom. 

Grappa is made by dis- 
tilling debris left in the press 
after grapes have yielded up 
their precious juice. The 
debris is called pomave and 
consists of skins, seeds and 
dry pulp. A fiery, rustic, usu- 
ally colorless alcohol, grappa 
(the name derives from the 
Italian word for grape stalk) 
has an oily, earthy taste with 
something of the barnyard 
about it, and a marked al- 
coholic kick. 

But properly distilled and 
served cool (not cold), it lias a 
beguiling! y smoky taste, with 
hints of stone fruits like 
cherry and plum. Especially if 
made from the pomace of 
dessert wines, it can display a 
slight sweetness. 

□ 

Grappa used to be made 
mostly by traveling distillers 
or by big industrial outfits like 
Stock, the Trieste brandy 
maker. Too often it was a 
cheap, ill-made product. Fan- 
cier Italians. and most for- 
eigners, disdained it. 

But that was before the 
Noninos of Percoto came to 
prominence. Here in their na- 
tive town, a furniture-making 
center northeast of Venice 
and only IS kilometers from 
the Slovenian border, they 


tamed grappa, taught it table 
manners and gave it mass ap- 
peal, not only in Italy bat 
overseas, too. 

A questing, hawk-nosed 
man , Benito Nonino and his 
handsome, extroverted wife, 
Giannola, longed, as he often 
says, ’‘to turn grappa from a 
Cinderella into a queen. 1 ' 

Unlike Cognac and Ar- 
roagnac, which are made by 
distilling acidic wines few 
would care to drink, the best 
grappa is a byproduct of the 
best wines. The Noninos con- 
tracted for pomace from die 
stars of Friulian winemaking, 
including Mario Schiqpetto, 
Josko Gravner, Livio Felluga 
and Gianfranco Gallo. 

□ 

And the Noninos had an- 
other idea: instead of lumping 
all die pomace together, the 
residue of common grapes 
mixed with that from the 
more noble varieties, they 
would distill each separately, 
starring with Picolit, a variety 
that produces a sweet, del- 
icate dessert wine. The result 
was a delicious, highly per- 
fumed grappa. 

The Noninos made their 
first batch in 1973 and bottled 
it in individually blown flasks 
with silver-plated caps. The 
labels, handwritten by Gian- 
nola, a budding marke ting ge- 
nius, were tied onto the 
bottles with red yam. 

In their ads, they used a 
sunny family photograph of 
Benito, now 63, Giannola, 59. 
and their three s tunnin g 
daughters — Cristina, 34, 
Antonella, 31, and Elisabetta, 
29 — which soon became fa- 
miliar all over Italy. 

* 'Hie Picolit is still our best 
grappa," Nonino said with an 
eloquent shrug. "I know it, 
the customers know it. I’m 
satisfied. You can ask for one 
miracle in life andgetit, but to 
ask for two is ridiculous." 



Bond Meets Match With Michelle Yeoh 


By Jane H. Lii 

New Tori Times Sennet 


N EW YORK — Looking per- 
fectly non threatening in a trim 
chalk-stnped Ralph Lauren suit 
and Bulgari jewelry, Michelle 
Yeoh, Asia’s best-known female 
kung fu star, looked up from her 
lobster Caesar salad (“light on the 
dressing, please' 1 ) and spoke in 
flawless English that was as precise 
as a well-executed fly kick. 

"Let me tell you about James 
Bond, 11 she said, leaning across the 
table. 

It seemed foe dashing spy with a 
hint of cruelty in his smile has an 
equal this time, in the 18th Bond 
film, “Tomorrow Never fries’ ’(re- 
view. Page 8). in which Yeoh plays 
a Chinese secret agent who helps 
the indestructible rake crush a me-' 
dia mogul’s evil empire. 

In a break from past femmes 
fatales who favored skimpy biki- 
nis and catchy names like Pussy 
Galore, Honey dnie Rider ana 
JKissy Suzuki, Yeoh’s character 
tackles hex mission in everyday 
clothes and her name is simply 
Wai Lin. Unlike her predecessors, 
whose talents ranged from black 
magic to lethal thighs, Yeoh’s 
character operates in a '90s way: 
by chopping, kicking and shooting 
her way out of danger, leaping off a 
40-story building unscathed and 
never once crying, “Help me, 
James!" 

"It's about time he met his 
equal," said Yeoh, 36, clearly 
basking in the distinction as the 
latter-day Bond chick who can not 
only fend for herself bot is also 
willing to lend a helping hand to a 
dandy in distress. 

Yeoh appeared confident with- 
out being cocky, friendly and un- 
pretentious. At 5 foot 4 inches (1 .62 
meters) and 100 pounds (45 kilo- 
grams), she has suffered serious 
injuries performing feats that the 
most seasoned Hollywood stunt- 
men might think twice about 
Long before Bond, Yeoh played 
opposite Jackie Chan, the comedy 
action star who became foe box 


office king of Asia. Today, she is 
easily foe most respected female 
performer in Hong Kong’s male- 
dominated "chop socky” action 
cinema and counts among her ad- 
mirers Oliver Stone and Quentin 
Tarantino. 

Roger Spottiswoode, foe direc- 
tor of "Tomorrow Never Dies,” 
said her fen club extended to his 
nephew and foe two sons of one of 
the producers, Michael Wilson, 
who lobbied to have her cast 

For Yeoh, perhaps the highest 
compliment - came when the 
movie’s writers changed the char- 
acter to an Asian woman, with par- 
ticular reference to her. 

Bom to ethnic Chinese parents 
in the tin-mining town of lpoh in 
Malaysia, Yeoh excelled at swim- 
ming and rugby. She never 
dreamed of becoming a movie star, 
she said. Her passion has always 
been ballet. After an injury that 
ended any hopes of becoming a 
professional dancer, she studied 
drama and continued to study 
dance at Crewe and Aisager Col- 
lege in Cheshire, England. When 
she went borne for die summer in 
1983, her mother entered her in foe 
Miss Malaysia contest without her 
knowledge, and she won. 

In 1984 she got her start in Hong 
Kong in a watch commercial with 
Chan. Its producer, Dickson Poon, 
the Hong Kong business tycoon, 
signed her to a movie contract and 
foe two began dating. In 1988, after 
five movies, she married Poon and 
retired from foe business. 

When the marriage fell apart in 
1992, Yeoh resumed her movie ca- 
reer, starring opposite Chan in foe 
genre blockbuster "Police Story 
HL Supercop.” In foe next two 
years, she made eight more 
movies. 

Peter Chow, a New York-based 
Hong Kong film producer who or- 
ganized a retrospective of her work 
last spring, said what set Yeoh 
apart from other Hong Kong act- 
resses was her ability to do her own 
stunts, which has impressed even 
her hard-boiled male counterparts. 

In "Supercop," she rides a mo- 


tor bike onto a speeding train and, 
leaps from a helicopter into a con- 
vertible car. In ' ‘Stuntwoman (Tte 
Stoty Of Ah Gum)," she jumps off 
an 18 ,foot <5-5-meter> 
overpass. In doing stunts, ^ 
dislocated her shoulder, cracked 
her ribs, twisted a vertebra and rup- 
tured arteries in her leg. 

The jump off the overpass was 
supposed to be broken by a safety 

pile, but she missed tL ■ 

"I beard a snap on my back 
when I landed and said ^Uh-ob, 
I’m going to be paralyzed for life 
Yeoh said. She had dislocated her. 

neck and cracked a rib. v - 

As she recovered, Tarantino. 
Mine callin g, she said, as a fan. 

"I didn’t want to see him be- 
cause I was in a body cast and 
couldn’t move," Yeoh said. But 
be insisted on seeing me and sat on 
two pillows at my feet and recoun- 
ted my movies frame by frame.” 

The first take of foe helicopter 
jump scene in "Supcrcop” ended 
fo a similar way: she trussed foe 
convertible and fell so hard that 
even Chan, a hardened stuntman 
himself, called it quits for foe day. 

But Yeoh refused to give up, 
even though she was in great pain. 

She somehow managed to shake 
off foe crash, board foe copter a . 
second time and get it right on the 
next take. 

Although she did many of her 
own stunt scenes in "Tomorrow,’ ’ 
she was barred from some for in- 
surance reasons. 

She denied a newspaper’s con- 
tentions that she once kicked her 
ex-husband during a fight and 
broke two of his ribs, calling foe 
report “absolute rubbish." But 
Spottiswoode gleefully recounted 
foe time a stand-in for Pierce 
Brosnan dared to question her abil- 
ity and she set him straight by firing 
off a few kicks and cross-punches 
within millimeters of his face. 

"It was terribly quick, over in a 
second, and her head didn't even 
move,” Spottiswoode said with a 
chuckle. ‘ ‘She didn’t touch him, of 

UTa taiAMf lliTilPfli Qrlri ~ 


Michelle Yeoh: Not one of the run-of-tbe-mill femmes fatales. 




JAZZ 


PEOPLE 


1 


Something to Talk About: A Drummer With Artistic Flair 


By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — Listening to Daniel Humair 
go on with so much fervor about foe 
French jazz scene recalls that saga of yore 
when a disagreement between foe critics 
Hugues Panassie and Charles Delaunay 
on the worth of bebop was big news in foe 
world of foe arts here. It was referred to 
without hint of irony as “The Schism.” 

It eventually turned out that at the root 
of it was foe feet that an American record 
had sent a review copy of a 
le Parker record to Delaunay first 
and Panassie was bitter about it. So he 
dissed foe music. 

We’ve come a long way since then. To 
the degree that they are able, foe French 
have stopped talking and are now con- 
centrating on playing. At least most of 
foe time. CD 2 of Humair's recent album 
"Quatre Fois Trois" (Four Times 
Three) consists of a narrator's comments 
on what foe musicians played on CD I . It 
would be easy to dismiss this as "very 
French," only Humair is Swiss. 

Call Humair "foe best European 
drummer.” which he might very well be, and he will 
not be pleased. “Nobody says that so-and-so is the best 
American trumpet player," he says in return. He does 
not believe that being European is a qualification that 
has any meaning any more. "It's gone, all that." he 
says. "Over. Finished.” 

Humair is one of those naturally gifted and fortunate 
people for whom success was immediate and de- 
served. Financial as well as critical success. He is a 
respected painter who has bad many exhibitions in 
Paris (the Museum of Modem Art) and Zurich and just 
about every place around and between. * ‘Painting, ’ ‘ he 





Y 


QarWiaa Rwr 


says, “is for me what his violin was for Ingres.” 

“I don’t like the drums.” A matter-of-fact state- 
ment of feet: "Idon’t like the world of the drummer. If 
foe drummer is playing foe drums only and not making 
music at foe some time, it’s closer to the Olympic 
games than Carnegie Hall. The world of the drummer 
is foe world of technique and speed. More speed than 
finesse. 

“There is nothing more annoying than a solo by a' 
drummer who is showing off his technique. I want to 
be a drummer with foe attitude of a pianist. Maybe I’m 
wrong, but I have the feeling now that I am playing 
better than ever. If that is true, it comes from having 
learned how to listen." 

He had a high profile from the beginning, touring 


Daniel Humair, also a painter, wants to have “the attitude of a pianist. 

foe world with the internationally acclaimed Swingle 
Singers in 1964. Being a top drummer requires a 
combination of excessive confidence and artistic flair 
foal absolutely precludes error on any level. The 
drummer holds it all together, and yon can count on 
Humair. 

"Quatre Fois Trois" (Label Bleu) presents four 
permutations of a trio. Four challenges. One of them: 

There is no bass and foe challenge is "to make foe 
music sound like nothing is missing. If there is a hole 
where the bass should be, I have to fill it in somehow. 

I have to find a place to locate myself without invading 
■foe space freed." 

The Swiss Humair was influenced by the 
T rommlervere Lne (drum club) tradition, which goes 
back to foe medieval guilds founded when most Euro- 
pean armies included Swiss mercenaries and marched 
to Swiss tambours. During foe Fasnacht carnival in 
Basel, the drum clubs still take to foe streets with good 
burghers executing rolls and para diddles: "The rudi- 
ments of Basel drumming consist of accents that are 
similar to bebop accents. Jazz drumming does not 
crane only from Africa. Early New Orleans drummers 
played marches. There is a primary African influence, 
of course, but die drum technique usually used today 
also derives from a military heritage.” 

Humair knows that he is approaching danger. Buthe 


says he "wants to make a heavy state- 
ment." He chooses his words with care: 
"I do not speak about ‘French jazz’ 
because 1 don't know what that means. 
Musicians in the Czech Republic play 
jazz that expresses their own expraience. 
Jazz belongs to everybody. It originated 
in Africa for sure but it no longer has 
anything to do with passports. 

‘ ‘When I was playing with people like 
Eric Dolphy and Lucky Thompson, 
everybody was learning together. The 
subject of black and white never came 
into the conversation. And I’m not going 
to feel guilty that I'm playing jazz as a 
white Swiss European, because all my 
life I’ve been respecting that music and 
foe people who made it. But I’ll tell you 
one thing. They don’t have the exclus- 
ivity of that music. It would be like 
saying you cannot make a -watch in 
Tokyo.” 

Disrespect, disadvantage and false 
perspective lurk around every comer. 
Call it paranoia if you like, Humair calls 
it realism. When it costs 180 francs to 
hear live music in a club, for example, he 
says that something is very wrong when 
foe musicians are only paid 500 francs each. If a 
telephone rings at the bar during a set, he’ll stop 
playing right away ("it's the only reasonable thing to 
do"). 

TTie name of the leader being billed larger than foe 
sidemen makes him ‘ ‘ uncomfortable/ ’ All foe names 
should be the same size: "Interplay is too essential in 
this music to downgrade any one musician." Today's 
accent on tradition can go too far. "I love the tradition. 
I played with Cannonball [Added ey] and it was an 
honor. But what we have today are a lot Of very good 
imitations. Why play music that has already been 
played? At some point you have to move on. Jazz 
cannot be allowed to smell rancid. You adapt to what’s 
going on now. 

“Jazz is no longer only an American export. There 
are monsters in Europe. Jean-Franco is Jenny-Claike is 
a monster. There’s a piano player in Laly, Antonio 
Feiraro. This guy is a giant. We have a lot to leam from 
American music, but Americans also have a lot to leam 
from us. 

"When they tour hae, foey only pass through. There’s 
no contact They’re not interested. I’m sorry, but that's 
abnormal. Everybody’s work must be taken into con- 
sideration. The difference between us is that we know 
what they are doing, but they don't know whai we are 
doing." 


H E may never sell as many records 
Elvis, bat Cui Wenping is hoping 
his bits will make him one of the most 
famous of China’s 12 billion faces in 
1998. Cui, 43. plays Carmen, Engle 
Bells and other classics by slapping his 
head, nose and teeth with his fingers. He 
will take his "face mnsic" to the masses 
later this month in a live appearance on 
state television during Chinese New 
Year. Cui boasts a range of two and 
one-half octaves. 

; ' □ 

Princess Diana’s family has vowed 
to crack down on touts or scalpers when 
tickets go on sale for visits to her grave 
site. The scramble for thousands of tick- 
ets is to start Monday when the Spencer 
family begins accepting advance sales. 
Visitors to the family’s Alfooip estate 
will be allowed to the edge of the lake to 
look over at the island where she was 
boned after being killed Aug. 31 in a 
Paris car crash. No tickets will be sold 
on site. Special phone lines are being 
opened for those seeking tickets. "One 
of the earl’s prime concerns has been 
ways of preventing foe tickets falling 
into the hands of touts,” a spokeswom- 
an for Diana’s brother, Earl Spencer, 
told The Times newspaper. 


□ 

The bride wore white and foe groom 
wore a kilt as actress Helen Mirren 
married her long-time companion, 
Taylor Hackford, in a simple cere- 
mony Wednesday in foe Scottish High- 
lands. 

□ ■' 

Woody Allen is ready to put his new 
wife in the spotlight Allen. 62. is writ- 
ing an off-Broad way play in which 27- 
year-old Soon- Yi would have a role, foe 
New York Post reported. Allen is keep- 
ing foe name and plot a secret, but 
friends said that the play will be set in 
New York and that Soon-Yi would have . 
a supporting role. Allen and Soon-Yi 
married last week in Venice. Soon-Yi is 
foe adopted daughter of actress Mia 
Farrow, Allen’s former lover. 


The science fiction writer Arthur C. 
Clarke, who lives in Sri Lanka, said he 
was glad to have received a knighthood 



Smj ^ HLiupana/ Vjtmrr Kurcr-fVur 

Arthur Clarke, Sir from now on. 

but was unlikely to receive it personally. 
The 80-year-old, included in Britain’s 
New Year Honors List, said he was 
handicapped by post-polio syndrome 
and may not be able to travel to accept 
the honor from Queen Elizabeth. 


□ 

Italian police have searched the home 
of the late director Giorgio Strehler and 
seized documents, his wife said. News- 
papers said foe search, carried out at the 
apartment Strehler shared with his com- 
panion Maria Bugni, marked the be- 
ginning of a battle over his inheritance 
between his wife, Andrea Jon assort, 
and Bugni. Strehler died on Dec. 25. . 

□ 

Skier Luc AJphand and Nobel Prize 
winner Claude Cohen-Tannoudji were 
among 60 people who were awarded the 
Legion of Honor, one of France's highes t 
honors. The list also 'included singers- 
MureOle Mathieu and Sylvie Vartan, 
sailors Loick Peyrou and Laurent 
Bourgon and writer Irene Frain. 

□ 

"Mai in Black” star Will Smith, 29, 
mamal access Jada Pinkett, 26, in a 
New Year s Eve ceremony in Bal- 
£««• ** s second marriage for 
Smith, who has a 5-year-old sonT 



jo as the 172-1 Oil's do. 


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which makes calling home .or to other countries 
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Turope" 


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