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INTERNATIONAL 



(tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


"5 ? The World’s ' Daily Newspaper 


** 


Paris, Monday, January 6, 1997 



No. 35,411 



: Good News for Newt 


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By Adam Clymer 

New York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — If Newt Gin- 
grich wins ie-electipn as'speaker of the 
House on Tuesday, two compelling rea- 
sons that have nothing to do with et&ics 
will be criticaL 

The first is a view shared, by Re- 
publicans of all ideological stripes 
be has, over all, been a very effective 
leader for their sconetimes disparate 
causes. He may be unpopular m the 
nation, but things are different in the 
Republican canrns . 

The second is that there is rioobvious, 
known quantity to succeed him if he 
goes, especially if be goes suddenly. 

The availability of calm, likable 
Thomas Foley was a security blanket for 


Democrats in 1989 when they finally 
concluded that Speaker Jim Wright had 
to go. 

Richard Armey of Texas, die ma- 
jority leader, has a considerable fol- 
lowing, but he has been a leader only 
two years and rubs many Republicans 

NEWS ANALYSIS ‘ 

the wrong way. The same is true of 
Thomas DeLay of Texas, the No. 3 Re- 
publican. 

In combination, • these two factors 
may. outweigh the doubts about Mr. 
Gingrich’s veracity to die ethics com- 
mittee and his use of tax-exempt con- 
tributions for political purposes. They 
are plainly more important than grat- 
itude for his fund raising and election 


leadership, and more important than 
fear of how a powerful speaker could 
exact retribution from someone who 
voted against him. 

So even though 18 Republicans have 
refused to commit themselves to voting 
for Mr. Gingrich, it seems more likely 
than not that he will have the 218 votes 
he needs to be elected by the House. 

Mr. Gingrich's image in the nation 
may be one of an intemperate conser- 
vative, but his support among House 
Republicans does not beak on ideo- 
logical fault lines. 

To conservatives, he counts as a suc- 
cess because he fashioned their agenda, 
brought them to power and got some 
central articles or faith, like welfare 

See GINGRICH, Page 7 



U.S. Concern Mounts 
Over ‘Loose Nukes’ 

Impasse With Moscow Delays 
Removal of Georgian Fuel Cache 


Mr. Gingrich plays the waiting 
game on the speakership. Page 3. 


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: r. V. ■ 



Europe’s Freeze Revives 
Dutch Skate Marathon 

Partying Breaks Out for 125-Mile Spectacular 


.Part of the Elfstedentocht pack passing a national symbol in Bidaard. 


By Charles Truebeart 

Washington Post Service 

LEEUW ARDEN, Netherlands — In 
the black hours before dawn, in a blis- 
tering cold that has paralyzed much of 
Europe, the first phalanx of this coun- 
try’s fastest, hardiest or craziest skaters 
was loosed from gjant cages for a grue- 
soznely taxing race across cracked 
canals and rutted, frozen lakes. 

The yelling, stomping competitors 
and 16,000 other skaters who followed 
them down the ice ignited an ex- 
traordinary Miinnai festival, during 
which normal life in the Netherlands 
scrapes to a halt and humanity pays its 
respects to blade runners and motion 
on ice. Even in Saturday’s subfreezing 
temperatures, or perhaps especially, 
this is what the Dutch do for ton. 

The Elfetedentocht, or Eleven Cities 
Tour, has the air of a chill Saturnalia 
that occurs only when nature gives its 
blessing. That happens when the 
weatberis coil enough and die ice thus 
thick enough. The tour has been held 
only 15 times in this century. 

The last was in 1986. The wait has 
been long. Thus the pandemonium 
when the decision to hold the event was 
announced — just Thursday morning, 
when the region’s council of ice elders 


made its last measurements. 

Less than 48 hours later, about half a 
million people had flocked to watch the 
125-mile (200-kilometer) event from 
bridges and banks of canals in me- 
dieval towns such as Sneek, Franeker. 
Worjcum and Dokkum in the northern 
province of Friesland. 

Waiting, much like cycling fens, for 
their heroes to whiz by, they stomped 
cold feet to blaring music, sang songs 
and downed tiny glasses of a sharp 
juniper liquor called Beerenburg and 
cups of a coarse pea soup called snerL 
The crowdscapes were brightly dot- 
ted with thousands of identical orange 
skullcaps — orange is the national color 
— distributed by a national sausage 
company. More than 1,000 policemen 
on sknfpg or on foot kept the mildly 
unruly and at least one naked person in 
line, but unpleasantness was rare. The 
hearty partying, which began Friday 
night, continued Saturday night on what 
are informally known as 1 1-pub tours. 

Endless live television coverage has 
turned the Elfetedentocht into a truly 
national event A thousand journalists 
were reportedly in attendance. Hov- 
ering press planes and helicopters pin- 
pointed the front of the pack for 

See SKATE, Page 7 


By Michael R. Gordon 

Afar York Times Service 

TBILISI. Georgia — The United 
States has been making a quiet effort (o 
have a cache of nuclear material moved 
out of this volatile region of the former 
Soviet Union, according to American 
and Georgian officials. 

But the operation to get the material 
out of Georgia, which is part of a broad- 
er program to stem the theft of nuclear- 
bomb ingredients from Russia and its 
neighbors, has thus far been thwarted by 
months of diplomatic impasse between 
Russia and the United States. 

The effort, which was intended to be a 
model of three-way cooperation, has 
been fee subject of intense negotiations 
between senior American and Russian 
officials for much of the last year. The 
United Stales had wanted to keep the 
operation secret, but Georgian officials 
now openly discuss their predicament 

“Indeed, we have several kilograms 
of uranium,” President Eduard 
Shevardnadze of Georgia acknow- 
ledged in a recent interview. “We need 
to get rid of it” 

“But we can't do it independently.” 
he said, alluding to financial and tech- 
nical constraints. 

Stored in an obsolete nuclear reactor 
outside Tbilisi, fee Georgian capital, the 
highly enriched uranium and spent re- 
actor fuel would give an aspiring nuclear 
power a significant amount of fee ma- 
terial needed to make a nuclear bomb. 

The cache has been of growing con- 
cern to American officials, who fear it is 
vulnerable to theft by Iranian agents, 
terrorists from the neighboring seces- 
sionist Russian republic of Chechnya or 
aims traffickers. 

Georgian officials disclosed that fee 
material was virtually unguarded during 
fee early 1990s, when war engulfed this 
newly independent Caucasian nation. 

In recent years, several middlemen 
peddling nuclear material stolen from 
fee former Soviet Union have been ar- 
rested in Europe. But there has been no 
confirmed case of countries or terrorist 
groups obtaining the ingredients for a 
bomb through theft. 

The United States and Russia have 


StiD Within Reach of Russian Bear, Borderlands Seek Identities 


By. James Ropert 

. Washington Past Service 


KIEV — Five years after the collapse 
of tire Soviet Union, the half-dozen 
states few once formed its westenmoost 
border have evolved into an uncertain 
buffer zone. tom between Europe and 
Russia. • \ 

From the Blade Sea to the Baltic, the 
former Soviet borderlands are strag- 
gling to btrikl economies and define 

political systems and national identities. 

More than any other part of fee former 
Soviet bloc, these countries are nervous 
over how to assnre their security be- 
tween a Europe that is growing more 
cohesive and a Russia that remains sus- 
picious and defensive. ; . 

The Soviet bonder feat, stretched 
across Europe for most of the last half- 


century is formally a relic, relegated to 
old maps and history books. But it re- 
mains areal divide. 

To the west erf that line, Russia’s one- 
time satellites have cut finks with Mos- 
cow and opted fra* a future wife Weston 
Europe. In general, they are scrambling 
to join NATO and fee European Union, 
largely as guarantees against any even- 
tual menace from Russia. 

But east of fee old Soviet border there 
is no such clear direction. The states of 
this region were more colonies than satel - 
fites of Moscow, and Russian influence 
remains too powerful to be excluded. 

In Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and die 
Baltic ’states — Lithuania, Latvia and 
. Estonia — Russian state television is 
still available. Ethnic Russian res i dents 
insist that Moscow again should rule 
these countries, and non-Russians voice 


fears that it might try to do so. In parts of 
tire region, at bridges, airports and bor- 
der posts, Russian troops still project 
Moscow's power. 

Poland and its neighbors “are now 
beyond Russia's reach, and Russia ef- 
fectively concedes that,” said a Polish 
diplomat in the former Soviet Union. 

But “this part of Europe is further 
from the traditions of the West, and has 
absorbed more from Russia, wife its 
authoritarian traditions,” he said. “It is 
an in-between place.” 

The shades of gray are varied. Be- 
larus has the weakest sense of a national 
identity distinct from Russia. On early 
morning trains. pulling into fee capital, 
Minsk. Russian state-run radio is piped 
in to awaken passengers. Why not a 
Belarussian radio station? A conductor 
on one train shrugged. “Everybody 


speaks Russian,” she said, “and people 
are used to getting their news from 
Moscow.” 

The Baltic states* national identities 
and attachment to the West are strong. 
All three seek to join NATO and fee 
European Union. But their utter military 
vulnerability to Russia and Moscow’s 
extreme sensitivity to any Western role 
in their security have kept the West from 
offering them any guarantees. 

Governmental officials and political 
analysts in these six conn tries have 
voiced rising nervousness over security 
questions as NATO has moved to accept 
Poland, Hungary and the Czech Re- 
public as members. They say that step 
could antagonize Russia and leave this 
region as a tense buffer zone in a re- 
newed cold war. 

The region’s uncertainty is rooted in 


Russia's claims here. Over two cen- 
turies, Russian rulers from Catherine 
fee Great to Stalin seized chunks of 
these lands and sent settlers and troops 
to establish a militarized cordon to pro- 
tect against invasion from Europe or 
Turkey. As a result, roughly 20 percent 
of the 75 million people now living in 
these six countries are ethnic Russians, 
many of them from military families. 

Having lost much of its military 
shield in fee collapse of the Soviet Uni- 
on, Russia is acting to keep what it still 
has — bases in the enclave of Ka- 
liningrad and in Belarus, Moldova and 
Ukraine's Crimean peninsula. Like 
Americans who in the 1970s resisted 
returning the CanaJ Zone to Panama, 
many Russians argue that Moscow's 

See BORDERLANDS, Page 7 


publicly embraced the goal of controlling 
what some experts term “loose nukes.” 
At a meeting on the subject last April in 
Moscow, Western leaders and President 
Boris Yeltsin pledged to work together to 
stem trafficking in nuclear materials. 

But fee Georgian reactor is a case 
study in how good intentions can be 
snarled by bureaucratic politics, for- 
eign-policy concerns and environmen- 
tal regulations. 

Housed in a weatherbeaten building a 
20-minute drive from Tbilisi, Georgia's 
reactor is an eerie monument to fee lost 
days of Soviet science, when vast re- 
sources were channeled into nuclear re- 
search. On its inauguration in 1959, the 
research reactor was the pride of Geor- 
gia's Institute of Physics. 

After fee 1986 Chernobyl disaster in 

See NUCLEAR, Page 7 


In Russia, 
Kohl Predicts 
End to Feud 
Over NATO 


By Michael Specter 

Afa*- York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Expressing unusual 
confidence dial it has finally become 
possible to resolve the biggest diplo- 
matic chasm separating Russia and die 
West. Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Ger- 
many has predicted feat die standoff 
over NATO's expansion into Eastern 
Europe will end this year. 

“I think feat this year we will find a 
rational solution feat wifi make NATO 
enlargement possible and will at fee 
same time respect the security interests 
of all partners concerned.” Mr. Kohl 
said at a news conference in Moscow 
after three hours of talks Saturday wife 
President Boris Yeltsin. 

Mr. Kohl said that differences of 
opinions remained and that he did not 
expect all problems to disappear over- 
night. “But we evaluated a couple of 
ideas, which I will discuss wife my 
NATO colleagues over the next couple 
of days on fee telephone,” he said, 
adding that his first call would probably 
be to President Bill Clinton. 

Saturday’s meeting was the first Mr. 
Yeltsin had held with a Western leadeT 
since he underwent a heart bypass op- 
eration Nov. 5. 

Mr. Yeltsin looked tired in television 
footage from fee meeting, but Mr. Kohl 
described him as alert, fit and com- 
pletely able to concentrate on details. 

There are few touchier issues for Rus- 
sia than the expansion of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization to include 
countries that were members of the 
Warsaw Pact Russia is a severely weak- 
ened country feat abhors its image as a 
fallen power. About two weeks ago, as 

See NATO, Page 7 


China Mills Close a Chapter 

Textile Workers Who Spun Revolution I^ose Jobs 


By Edward Cody 

■ Washington Post Smite 


SHANGHAI — The textile workers 
of Shanghai have played a special role 
in the saga of modern China. Their labor 
helped fuel fee country's industrial re- 
volution, Thefr shrikes, conspiracies and 
uprisings — portrayed by. Andre 
Malrauxin* “Man's Fate”— helped get 
tire Communist. Party going in fee 
1920s. 

But fee rank-and-file glories immor- 
talized by fee French author Irave faded 
into the history books. Another, less 
romantic revolution has come along 
now. Wife China’s move toward a mar- 
ket _ economy and fee globalized en- 
trepreneur's search fra ever-cheapcr 
labor, most of Shanghai's textile work- 
ers have found themselves out of a job. 

The “iron rice bowl’ ’ feat oppressed 


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workers struck, fought and died for 75 
years ago has become too expensive in a 
world of profit margins and mobile cap- 
ital. Moreover, the Communist ideo- 
. Iqgy that long protected Shanghai’s pro- 
letarian heroes has gone out of fashion. 

As a result, fee tactile mills that had 
been a mainstay of Shanghai ’ seconoroy 
for more than a century are closing right 
and left The traditional industry, which 
. employed half a million Shanghai work- 
ers in fee 1970s, has lost between 
200,000 and 300,000 jobs in tire past 
four, years alone, according to an es- 
timate from Deputy Mayra Zhao Qi 
Zeng. More are being laid off every 
month. - 

Along wife the jobs, a chapter in fee 
history of the Chinese revolution has 
been lost, one feat rivals Mao Zed (mg’s 
Long March of fee 1930s. It is a chapter 
that Chinese schoolchildren stiQ tern, 
but which seems to have little to do wife 
their present lives under the “market 
socialism” instituted by the paramount 
leader, Deng Xiaoping. 

“There is nothing we can do about 
it,” said Tian Yim rci r 44, who lost her 
job at a satin garment factory in late 
1995. “We have a market-oriented 
economy bow. We just have to get on 
the track.” 

Many of the jobs lost by Shanghai 
textile workers have gone to eager re- 



placements from rural areas in the sur- 
rounding Anhui Province. They work 
for less with fewer benefits and less job 
security. In a cruel irony, they have 

See MILLS, Page 13 


AGENDA 



PROTEST ON WHEELS — A Belgrade woman flashing the Serbian 
nationalist sign Sunday during an anti-government cavalcade. Page 7. 

Patriots a Step From Super Bowl 


FOXBORO. Massachusetts (AP) 

— Curtis Martin burs across a mist- 
shrouded field Sunday and carried the 
New England Patriots into the Amer- 
ican Football Conference champion- 
ship game. 

- Martin slashed for 166 yards and 
three touchdowns, including a 78- 
yarder, as fee Patriots shredded the 
Steelers’ defense for a 28-3 victory. 

The Patriots will play host next 
Sunday to Jacksonville, which upset 
Denver on Saturday, wife fee winner 
going to the Super BowL The Green 
Bay Packers also won. (Page 18.) 


PAGE TWO 

In trance, Passe h Presently Perfect 

INTERNATIONAL PagaA. 

Israeli Discord fuels Arafat Demands 

EUROPE PttfleS. 

Will Georgia Lift Envoy's Immunity? 

ASIA/MCIFIC Pages. 

The Chinese Shadow Ova- Singapore 

Opinion Page 8. Crossword Page 9. 
Books Page 9. Sport j Pages 16- 18. 


For Peruvians, Prisons 
6 Worse Than Nightmare’ 


By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Service 


LIMA — When Jose Antonio Al- 
varez, a journalist, and his wife. Rosa, 
were arrested in 1992 on suspicion of 
being Marxist guerrillas, they entered a 
justice system where summary condem- 
nation and brutal confinement were the 
norm. When she was released after a 
year, and be after four years, there were 
no apologies from the Peruvian gov- 
ernment. no offers of reparations. 

“I was essentially kidnapped for 
more than’ four years.” Mr. Alvarez 
said. “Then, in the end, they said it was 
a mistake, and 1 should just get on with 
my life. There were never any charges 
against me. It was surreal. 1 lost pan of 
my life.” 

That experience has been shared by 
hundreds of other Peruvians caught in 
President Alberto Fujimori’s largely suc- 
cessful drive to defeat two guerrilla 
groups. Shining Path and the Tupac Am- 
aru Revolutionary Movement The 
harshness of the conditions inside Peru's 
prisons, where suspects arrested under 
the anti-terrorism laws can spend years 
without being formally charged, is one of 
the chief complaints of Tupac Amaru 
guerrillas holding 74 hostages in fee Jap- 
anese am b assador’s residence in Lima. 

The commandos are demanding that 
some 400 of their comrades, most being 
held in the same special prisons where the 
Alvarezes were detained, be freed in ex- 
change for the hostages. The movement 
known by its Spanish initials MRTA. 


refers to the prisons as “tombs.” 

Mrs. Alvarez said she was held in a 
cell that measured 6 feet ( 1 .8 meters) by 
6 feet. She was given one meal a day and 
received no medical attention for seven 
months, even though she was pregnant 
when she was arrested- Her daughter 
suffered a brain lesion at birth. Mr. Al- 
varez and two other men were in a sim- 
ilar-sized cell. He said the three shared 
two cement beds and were allowed out of 
the cell for only 30 minutes a day. “It 
was worse than a nightmare.” she said. 
In all of the special prisons, human- 

See PRISONS, Page 9 


Peru Plays Down 
The Hostage Crisis 

As Peru’s hostage crisis drags 
through its third week. President 
Alberto Fujimori has ordered his 
government to resume normal op- 
erations. determined to treat the 
episode as an isolated outbreak of 
violence rather than a national 
emergency. 

Analysts said fee government 
believed that time was on its side, 
and feat if fee Marxist guerrillas 
were given less attention, the ad- 
vantage they had been able to seize 
in the battle for media attention 
would diminish. (Page 9) 






internahoNal herald tribune, Monday, January 6, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Era of Concept-Baguette / Fad 


on Hie Past 


The French Daily Bread Goes Retro 


In France, It’s on Sale 

When the State Says So, 


By Roger Cohen 

New York Times Service 

P ARIS — There was a time when a baguette 
was a baguette. Ic was a long, thin, crusty loaf 
and it symbolized France. That time, com- 
forting in its certainties, has passed- Tbe 
country has entered the era of the concept-baguette. 

At die Robineau bakery, the leeks protruding 
from shopping baskets, the oyster salesman across 
the street and the occasional surly aside sustain the 
reassuring illusion that Paris will always be Paris. 
But when the customers reach the counter, the 
illusion is shattered. They ask for a retro rather than 
a baguette. 

A retro looks like a baguette, albeit one stunted 
and flattened. 

But as die baker, Gerard Robineau. explains, the 
retro is also fermented longer, kneaded more 
lightly, lower on yeast, bereft of additives, and it is 
denser, tastier, longer-lasting and “more sort of 
creamy-gray inside than the old white baguette.” 
The idea behind the retro (whose full name is 
re trod or] is to make a baguette just as it was made in 
tbe good old days. These, in baguette lore, are said 
to have occurred in the 1930s. before a postwar fad 
for whiter, airier bread debased the product 
The bread is thus pan of a vogue here for what 
Gerard Brouchoire. the director of tbe National 
Bread and Pastry Institute, calls “retro-innova- 
tion,” the practice of capitalizing on a real or 
imagined past in order to make sales in an in- 
creasingly disorienting present 





/O £7 


special flour, its recipe, and 
such marketing devices as 
red-and-white packages for 
tbe bread and posters. Over 
150 bakeries now make tbe 
retro. 

There are several compet- 
itors in the themed-baguette 
sector. The baneae has poin- 
ted ends and a sprinkling of 
flour. Tbe baguepi always 
comes in its own tittle pack- 
age. All are tbe inventions of 
different mills and are sup- 
posed to conjure up the 
baguette of old. 


T HE technique involves taking something 
from the past with connotations of au- 
thenticity, wholesomeness or simply 
Frenchness. Then it is repackaged for a 
society in which the French, worried by an un- 
differentiated modem world, are casting around for 
symbols of tradition and the uniqueness of their 
terroir. or soil. 

“Retro-innovation works because it plays into a 
growing need for identity,” Mr. Brouchoire said. 

That need is linked to the fact that France is 
changing fast. Close to 100 McDonald’s hamburger 
restaurants opened here Last year, bringing the total 
to almost 550. Italian panini — toasted sandwiches 
with mozzarella and olive oil — are all the rage. 

The French malls are full of hypermarkets selling 
baguettes made from factory-produced frozen 
dough for about half tbe four francs {76 cents ) 
charged for a standard baguette at a bakery. 

It is in this disconcerting context that the concept- 
baguette. as the new loaves are known in die National 


The idea is to make a baguette as it was before a postwar 
fad for whiter airier bread. The practice takes something 
from the past, then repackages it for a society in which 
the Freruh, worried by an undifferentiated modem world, 
are casting around for symbols of tradition. 

Bread Institute, has begun to thrive. An example is “bakery.” Up to 5 
the baguette de campagne, or country baguette. Despite their hig 

With its added rye, longer fermentation and dark- about a dollar — 5 

er color, it is supposed to conjure up the days when stop a fall in bread 

farmers’ wives baked their own bread. In fact, this Individual consi 
rustic baguette never existed. Fanners’ wives baked around 160 grams ; 
bulbous loaves weighing several pounds to last in 1900. Mr. Brout 
several days. Only retro-innovation brought die But what Franc< 
now thriving baguette de campagne into being. resent? At Mr. Rob 
The retro baguette — which is an old-style rather are brisk. Bur theta 

than a country loaf — was created by the Viion flour Dazs ice-cream, Co 

mills, based in Chartres, west of Paris. be daubed in ketch 

Viron provides bakers who make die retro with a and they offer brea 


\ -W"EAN-PEERRE Gisquet, 

\ I a baker, dismissed the 

Yv ■ loaves as “products of a 

J a) fad for the falsely old.” 

/ /I J\ He has not changed his 

/ /// \ technique since he started 

J baking in 1946. Plunging an 

' old wooden baker’s shovel 

deep into the oven to retrieve 

\ some rolls, he said, “I make 
my baguettes like they should 
be made, and now that’s 
called retro.” 

But tbe concept-baguette 
Hkfavrf SLfarmain has proved popular. Tbe retro, 
for example, is widely seen as 
"" a big improvement bn the in- 

efore a postwar creasingly tasteless baguette. 

tessomeMng 

iefy in which breads by declaring this week 
modem world, that any outlet that does not 
select its own flour and knead 
L and bake on the premises 

must remove the sign 

“bakery.” Up to 5.000 stores may be affected. 

Despite their higher prices — generally, they cost 
about a dollar — die special baguettes have helped 
stop a fall in bread sales. 

Individual consumption has now stabilized at 
around 160 grams a day, compared with a kilogram 
in 1900, Mr. Brouchoire said. 

But what France do the concept-baguettes rep- 
resent? At Mr. Robinean's bakery, sales of the retro 
are brisk. But tbe baker has also introduced Haagen- 
Dazs ice-cream. Coca-Cola and sandwiches that can 
be daubed in ketchup. Signs outside are in English, 
and they offer breakfasts of bacon and eggs. 


By Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — Mark this down: The 
French government says holiday sales 
can now begin. 

In France, the government not only 
owns the air li ne , runs the railroad and 
operates a bank, it also is in change of 
post-Christmas sales. 

Price-cutting after the holidays is 
common practice around the world, but 
here it is me political heirs of Louis XTV 
who determine when and how mer- 
chandise can be discounted. 

By law, stores are allowed to offer 
merchandise below cost only twice a 
year — during the post-Christmas peri- 
od and in the six-week summer sale 
season. 

A law passed last year set even stricter 
terms for what constitutes a sale: The 
goods must have been bought by the 
store at least 30 days before, not brought 
in and instantly marked down. 

The thousands of eager consumers 
who rushed into Paris department stores 
and boutiques Friday, as the official sale 
season kicked off on the ninth day of 
Christmas, have precisely six weeks — 
down from eight last year — to make 
their discount purchases. 

About 2,000 inspectors from die 
Competition, Consumption and Repres- 
sion of Fraud Directorate were at work 
in stores, making sure that the labels on 
sale products were for genuine dis- 
counts, that only previously offered 
merchandise was on sale and that die 
time limit had been adhered to. 

In recent weeks, dozens of fines were 
issued to stores that started their sales 
too early. Violators of the starling date 
or merchandise rules can be fined 
$5,000 to 520,000. 

“If a government inspector came in 
yesterday and we had articles on sale, we 
would have been charged a fine,* ' said a 
spokeswoman for Le Bon Marche, a 
major department store. 

the regulation of sales is just one 
visible example of how the French ap- 
proach to capitalism diverges sharply 
from tbe approach taken by its Anglo- 
Saxon neighbors and allies. 

This is a nation dial has been brought 


Deep Freeze Persists in Much of Europe 


by Otr Sutf Firm DapoKha 

LONDON — Fresh snowfalls 
blanketed parts of Europe on Sunday, 
prolonging travel chaos and a deadly 
freeze, although elsewhere a thaw set in, 
bringing with it the threat of flooding as 
thegrip of arctic weather eased. 

The Continent's coldest spell in a 
decade claimed eight more lives, bring- 
ing the total in the last 10 days to more 
than 210. 

Southern France was die worst hit. 
with authorities urging vacationers to 
delay their journeys home after bad 
weather closed several motorways and 
virtually sealed off ski resorts. 

Several hundred travelers spent Sat- 
urday night in schools and town halls 
after the A20 motorway in the Limousin 
region was closed. Traffic restarted at 
dawn, but only on one lane. 


In the Rhone Valley near Lyon in 
central France, fresh snowfalls Sunday 
seriously disrupted traffic on the A7 
motorway toward Orange. 

Farther south, three Pyrenees ski re- 
sorts were completely sealed off by 
heavy snowfalls. Three other resorts or- 
ganized convoys of about 100 vehicles 
each to allow some skiers to leave. 

Rail traffic was also disrupted with 
thick ice on power cables blocking the 
Marseille-to-Paris line and slower die- 
sel trains replacing electric locomotives 
on the Bordeaux route. . 

Fresh snow also hit Belgium, where 
six people have died in the cold. 

The homeless, the elderly, and those 
with too much seasonal spirit inside 
them have been the main victims of 
temperatures that plunged to minus 26 
degrees Celsius (minus 15 Fahrenheit). 


The death toll from the bad weatiier in 
Britain rose to 14 with the discovery of a 
man ’s body in the snow in the southern 
English county of Kent. He bad dis- 
appeared after^a night out with a friend. 

.British authorities have turned their 
attention to flood damage as a thaw 
raised temperatures. Fire brigades 
helped thousands of householders deal 
with buret pipes and flooded rooms. 

Italy was bracing itself for more 
snow, cold and high winds Sunday and 
Monday, but forecasters did not expect 
temperatures to plummet to tbe levels of 
recent days, when four people died in 
subfreezing conditions. 

Snow feB in Sardinia, and in Vance 
high waters rose another 16 centimeters 
(six indies). An -exceptionally strong 
chill wind threatened Italy’s northeast 
(Reuters, AP) 



up on state control of economic activity., 
from tariffs on canals in the ISthcennuy' 
to state-owned enterprises today. Salcs- 
have been regulated since 1906, when’ 
merchants were required to get audio-’ . 
rizatian from the mayor to liquidate their- 
inventories. 

It also shows the relationship between- 
the French government and the gov- 
erned French: protective and paternal-, 
istic, with a healthy dose of favors for; 
business thrown in. 

The law “is to avoid too much com-* 
petition between merchants," sakf 
Bernard Chartier of the city adminis- 
tration office in Paris, which is respon- 1 
sible for setting the kickoff date for the- 
reason. 

The date is carefully selected in con- 
sultation with merchant and consumer 
associations, he said. This year, sales, 
started Thursday in other regions of; 
France and Friday in Paris; both were a'- . 
week latex than usual 

French consumer groups, nor a strong 
lobby in any case, are focusing their- 
efforts this sale season cm making sure* 
die items offered are really on sale and- ■ 
not shoddy merchandise brought in just’ 
for tbe discount period. 

Little concern has been apparent over* 
whether consumers should be allowed to 
pay less during tbe rest of the year if a* 
retailer wishes to lower his prices. By„ 
some estimates, half of all French con- 
sumer purchases are made during the* 
two sale seasons. 

In a sense, the sale law fits with the 
general French tendency to do the saint' 
flimg at the same time. A people who. 
vacation only in August, and largely 
stay in France, are likely to have little 
complaint with doing their shopping all 
at once. . . 

Expert shoppers are known to visit 
stores beforehand, try on merchandise, 
select the size and color they want; tfaen^ 
on die morning of Day 1, they rush out 1 ' 
with their goods. 

Stores in Paris were mobbed Friday, 
with huge crowds amassing outside- 
stores even before opening time. 

At C&A, a midprice clothing chain. V 
customers stood inline far 20 minutes at 
the cash register, holding huge baskets 
filled with clothing they were buying. ' 

“We are anticipating about 100.000 
people a day,” compared with the usual* 
60,000, said Evelyne le Roux, a spokes- T 
woman for Gaieties Lafayette, one of* 
the largest department stores in Paris.; 
“We have sale merchandise in every 
department.” ' r 

Some discounting is allowed during 
nonsale season, as Jong as items are not- 
sold below cost. How can infractions be' 
found out? 

“If there is a suspicion, the inspector* 
checks tiie wholesale bifit”' saKpa! 
spokesman for Jean-Pierre ' Rgffati m the 
minis ter for small and medium-size 1 
businesses who sponsored the changes* 
in the sale law. ; 

It is hard to miss the kickoff of sale- 
season. “The hum is on!” screamed a. 
large headline in France-Soir, an even- 


I fln«* 

h to? 


Bat Eta/The AnoOWed Praa 

Vacationers making their way down from the ski resort of Gourette in 
the French Pyrenees on Sunday. Heavy snow has dosed roads in the area. 


The media warned consumers not to- 
get carried away just because prices- 
werereduced. 

But for anyone who somehow does- 
not participate in this shopping ritual, ' 
foe dates for die next sale season already 
have been set June 27 to Aug. 7. ; 


The Internet 

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TRAVEL UPDATE 
Chunnel Bus Traffic to Resume 

LILLE, France (Reuters) — Bus traffic in the Channel 
Tunnel will resume Monday, seven weeks after a fire aboard a 
freight train injured 34 people and closed the link for two 
weeks, its operator Eurotunnel said. , h 

The bus companies must reserve, a spokesman for Euro- 
tunnel said. He added, "So as not to disrupt tourist traffic, we 
must plan things out.” 

Only trains carrying trucks with heavy goods are still unable 
to use the tunnel. Eurotunnel said it foresaw a return to full 
commercial operations around mid-May. 

New Delhi Bans Public Smoking 

NEW DELHI (AP) — The state government of New Delhi 
— one of the world’s most polluted cities whose residents 
experience widespread breathing problems — has banned 
smoking in public places, newspapers reported. 

The ban will cover all government offices, schools and 
colleges, hospitals, movie theaters, and buses and trains, 
according to state Health Minister Harsh Vardhan, who an- 
nounced the ban Friday night. Violators face fines of 100 to 
500 rupees (S3 to $15). The ban will begin Jan. 26. 

ValuJet’s Rights to West Palm Beach and Fort Myers in 
Florida have been approved by foe Federal Aviation Ad- 
ministration, but die agency did not grant the airline’s request 
to add five planes to its current fleet. ValuJet resumed flying 
Sept 30, after being grounded following a crash May 1 1 in the 
Florida Everglades mat killed all 1 10 people aboard. (AP) 

American Airlines said it would renew its route between - 
Long Beach, California, and Dallas/Fort Worth after having 
suspended it more than two years ago. Flights will start again 
Jan. 31. (Reuters) 


Flood Disaster Declared in U.S. West 


Reuters 

SAN FRANCISCO — President BUI 
Clinton has declared a major disaster in 
California and Idaho, as foe western 
United States reeled from storms and 
floods that have killed at least 20 people 
and forced 100,000 from their homes. 

Officials said Saturday that more th an 
1,000 homes were under water in central 
California and 450 more north of Sac- 
ramento. Preliminary damage estimates 
from six northern and central California 
counties, a small proportion of those af- 
fected, exceeded $50 million, officials 
said. 

“Our thoughts and prayers are with 
those who have lost loved ones or their 
homes and businesses in these terrible 
floods,” Mr. Clinton said in a statement 
released during his vacation in foe U.S. 


Virgin Islands. His disaster declaration 
makes federal a id available to flood vic- 
tims and local governments in 13 Idaho 
counties and 37 California counties. 

Nevada, Oregon and Washington 
state have also been hard hit in a 10-day 
period by storms that caused widespread 
floods, mudslides and power outages. - 
The storms are estimated to have 
caused hundreds of millions of dollars of 
property damage and were blamed for 
the deaths of at least 20 people, most 
killed by drowning,. by falling trees or in. 
traffic accidents. - 
Dry weather across most of the West 
on Saturday allowed flood waters to 
recede and let evacuees return to clean 
up mud and debris in northern Nevada 
and northern California’s wine country. 
But the California Office of Emer- 


WEATHER 


gency Services said more than 1,000' 
homes, were under water in Stanislaus' 
County in tbe fertile Central Valley where' 
the Tuolumne River reached a record 14- 
feet (42 meters) above flood stage 

Up to 3,000 people were evacuated 
from die Modesto area of the county,' 
which suffered its worst flooding in 40. 
years, but about 150 families were al-' 
lowed to return later. 

The state agriculture secretary, Azin' 
Veoeman, toured flooded Central Valley' 
areas by helicopter, but said it wouldbe 
difficult to assess farmland damage initir 
foe water receded. 

Ip all, about 100,000 Californians re-, 
mained evacuated, most of them from- 
four towns north of Sac ramento wh er e t he * ri? 
surging Feather River broke through a'^ ; 
levee, flooding homes and f armland 



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UNIVERSTIY DEGREE 1 

For Mforfc. LfTe ancf ric3demEC Eiaierience 1 
TfoWgft Convenient Home Study 

® (BOB) 597-1909 EXT. 23 ' 
FWC (310) 4714456 
HnK/AVWWJ’WUAMi 
Fax or send delated resme for 


Pacific Western University 
1210 fluahi Street OmI 23 
HonoUu, HI 968144922 


/Isit us at 

http ://www.paris-anglo.com 


A GVOZA MEDIA PRODUCTION 


To aehertoe contact Fred Honan 

TeL+ 33 141439391 
Fax: + 33 1 41 43 93 70 
or your nearest IHT office 
or representative. 


This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government 
offices will be dreed or ser- 
vices curtailed in the following 
countries and their dependen- 
cies this week because of na- 
tional and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Andorra, Armenia, 
Austria. Colombia. Croatia. Cyprus. 
Dominican Republic, Finland, Greece, 
haq, Italy, Ued ae aflcm, Puerto Rico, 
Slovakia. Spam, Sweden, Swfearfand, 
Uruguay, Vatican City. Venezuela. 

TUESDAY: Belarus. Egypt. 
Ethiopia. Kytgyutaa. Moldova. Rosas, 
Serbia. Utaatne. 

WEDNESDAY: Moldova. 

THURSDAY: Burma, Panama, 

SATURDAY: Morocco. Nepal, 
Pakistan 

Sources: JP. Morgan, 
Reuters, Bloomberg, 


LaaPWmB* 

Men 

London 

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t«e taeoe 

71*4 VSt r 
205 -30? e 
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332 -4Q9c 
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348 6/43 pc 
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409 -3/27* 
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104 -307 sn 
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much at the eestwn Unted 
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seasonably cofd weather 
Tuesday and Wednesday. 
Very cold arcfle air will 
mow out of western Cana- 
da. Iftvadng (hs Plains by 
Thursday. The western 
United States wffl 3tB hew 
dy weather. 


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Bitterly cotd air win retain 
its tey grip on western Hus- 
sia and northeast Europe 
through Thursday. Mwii ol 
western Europe, hdudlng 
London, Amsterdam and 
Paris, edit remain bnsea- 
sonaHy cold trough not as 
extrema as last week, as 
tha region slowly modar- 
tess towa/d normal. 


Asia 

Mainly dry with near- to 
lust above-normal temper- 
atures In Bajfng through 
Wednesday, mowed by a 
cold shot Thursday, Seoul 
will have a moderating 
trend. Much of Japan, 
including Tokyo, will bo 
insetted end turning cold- 
er. Seasonable In Hong 
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ble each day. 


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PAGE 3 





THE AMERICAS 


itter Out of Washington Party Whirl 


l 


By Karen De Witt 

New Tort Times Service 


' n 


WASHINGTON — Early last 
year. An anna Huffington invited 
Senator Richard Shelby of Alabama 
and several other legislators to a 
private dinner at her home in Wes- 
ley Heights here. Around a candLe- 
Ht table, the guests dined cm sorrel 
soup, rack of lamb and a quartet of 
sorbets. 

The next day, Mrs. Hu ffin gton 
divvied up the cost of the meal and, 
in deference to both the spirit and die 
letter of a gift ban that Congress 
passed earlier this year, dnrmdly 
billed each congressional guest 

“I parceled out their part of the 
broccoli and lamb and charged them 
for the raw mgredaents,” she said. 
"It was about $26 or $27 apiece." 

A year after federal lawmakers 
imposed on tbemselves one of the 
most restrictive codes of conduct 
ever and on the eve of the start of the 
first full Congress to live under 
those regulations, members of the 
House and the Senate are starting to 
feel the fuD bite of rules that bar 
them from accepting most gifts. The 
ban is an effort to limit the influence 
of lobbyists. . . 

"In the end," said Mrs. Huff-' 
ington, a conservative television 
commentator and the wife of Mi- 
chael Huffington, a former con- 
gressman from California, “I think 
we'Q find a way to deal with tire new 
rule, and it will just become part of 
tire social process." 

The lawmakers’ offices asked her 
to estimate tire cost of tire meal for 


each. None of the 
reimbursed Mrs. Huffington for tbe 
m eal b ecause she was a friend, and 
therefore exempt from tbe regula- 
tions, or; in tire case of senators, 
because the meal cost less than $50, 
below the threshold for payment. 

Still, Mrs. Huffington ’s actions 
i nd icated just how sensitive an issue 
the ban ires become. Since it went 
into effect JarL I, 1996, tire rules 
have affected more than tire rituals 
of social apd political gatherings like 
Mrs. Huffington’ s party dm* 
are a quintessential part of this city. 

They have, also altered the tra- 
ditional way of doing business in tire 
nation’s capital, forced a well- 
known restaurant, Le Mistral, to 
prepare to close its doors and others 
to consider drastic cutbacks, and left 
tire diplomatic community be- 
wildered over how to gain access 
and cuD favors from tire power 
brokers on Capitol Hill. 

Even an updated Emily Post 
might have trouble directing one 
around tire pitfalls of rules that im- 
pose a ban on gifts of any value 
accepted by House members, except 
in very few cases, and the $50 limi t 
for senators. 

When tbe ban was issued, a 
memorandum went out to law- 
makers with the kind of case studies 
usually reserved for Harvard 
MB .A. courses: Carla Congresswo- 
man has been having lunch with 
Edna Executive periodically for 10 
years, and Edna always picks up tire 
tab using her corporate credit card. 
Aside from these lunches, they nev- 
er socialize. 


Can Carla still get her free lunch? 
She cannot. 

Senate rales ban senators from 
charitable golf and ski trips if their 
expenses are picked up by someone 
else. They can accept free dinners 
and tickets to sporting events, but 
only if they cost less than $50. 

House rules ban representatives 
and their staff members from ac- 
cepting any gift, including invita- 
tions to lunch or dinner at someone 
else’s expense, unless, as defined by 


Tbe situation has meant that this 
Christmas season, for the first time, 
members of Congress who were in- 
vited to elaborate parties bad to ask 
their hosts who was paying for tire 
event. 

And where once wine, whiskey, 
fruit baskets or more lavish gifts 
were routinely dispensed by dip- 
lomats to lawmakers, whose salary 
is 51 33,600 a year, and their staffs at 
holidays, today the ban has accel- 
erated a trend toward more modest 


‘To attach the exchange of food and drink to the 
problem of political corruption zs Eke linking my 
cigarette smoking to the national health crisis. s 


tire rules, that person is a relative, a 
personal friend or a sponsor of an 
exempt event, like a charitable func- 
tion. 

Under tire House rules, according 
to a congressional memorandum, a 
lawmaker is permitted to accept a 
complimentary ticket from a char- 
ity, but there is a caveat. If a cor- 
poration buys tickets to tbe event, a 
lawmaker "may not accept tbe in- 
vitation of the corporation’s CEO to 
sit at its table," tbe memorandum 
says. 

Lobbyists who break the rales can 
be fined as much as $50,000. 

Members of Congress face pos- 
sible censure. So far, no member of 
Congress has been censured and no 
lobbyist has been fined, according to 
Ted Van Der Meid, chief counsel for 
tire House ethics committee. 


holiday tokens: calendars and CD- 
ROMs about the particular coun- 
try. 

Peter Wesunacott, counselor for 
political affairs at tbe British Em- 
bassy, said, "Gift ban or no gift ban, 
we have always felt that attracting die 
attention of members of Congress 
was easiest if we offered something 
that was in tbedr professional interest, 
tret bottles of whiskey." 

Christopher Hitchens, a contrib- 
uting editor at Vanity Fair who is 
known for giving some of the best 
paities in town, considers the ban 
"an affectation of integrity." 

“To attach tire exchange of food 
and drink to tire problem of political 
corruption is luce linking my ci- 
garette smoking to the national 
health crisis,,’’ Ire said. 

While there has been opposition 


to the rules within Congress, the 
subject is a sensitive one. During 
debate on the Senate bill last year, 
some lawmakers objected that the 
ban was too stringent. 

Senator Trent Lott, Republican of 
Mississippi, who was majority whip 
and became majority leader, offered 
an amendment to raise tbe individu- 
al gift limit to $50 and allow a max- 
imum of $100 in gifts from any one 
source. Gifts under $50 would not 
be counted against the $100 limit 

The amendment passed, -but ad- 
vocates of a tougher rule said it 
offered an enormous loophole, al- 
lowing senators up to $1 8,000 worth 
of meals or gifts from any one in- 
dividual if that person bought a $49 
meal for a senator every day of the 
year. They threatened to call for a 
debate on tire issue and a recorded 
vote. Eventually a revised amend- 
ment requiring gifts above $10 to 
count toward toe $100-a -person 
limit was passed. 

Some lawmakers complain that 
tire ban has had a chilling effect. 

“You cone to see me in Wash- 
ington along with four or five 
friends.” said Representative Dan 
Burton, Republican of Indiana, one 
of tire most vocal critics of toe ban. 

“I say I’m tied up all day with 
but why don’t we get to- 
r oa buy me a hamburger for 
and I have to decide whether 
you're a personal friend or a gov- 
ernment official from my district. 
Otherwise, if you buy me that sand- 
wich, you’re gjuflty of a crime and I’m 
going to find myself being cen- 
sored.’* 


Major Crime 
Falls Again, 
But Why? 


- * ! 


By Fox Butterfield 

Nine York Tunes Service 


l >. \w 


NEW YORK — Serious and violent 
crime in toe United States dropped in 
toe first half of last year, commumg a 
pattern that began five years ago, ac- 
cording to preliminary statistics re- 
leased by tire FBL The five-year decline 
is toe longest in 25 years. - - 

The figures, bared mi information 
reported to tire FBI by local police de- 
partments, showed that the national 
crime rate decreased 3 percent in tbe 
first six months of 1996, led by a 7 
percent drop in murders^ . 

The news was greeted with applause 
by experts, many of whom have been 
reluctant until now to believe that tire 
(hop in crime figures- was more titan a 
short-term statistical aberration. 

But both tire length of the decline and 
tire fact toatthe biggest drop .came in 
homicides, toe most serious crime, 
peared particularly significant to 
specialists. 

“I have been a skeptic,” said Frank- 
lin Zimring. a leading criminologist and 
director of die Earl Warren Legal In- 
stitute at tire University of California at 
Berkeley. "But now, because of the. 
length of the decline, its m a gnitud e and 
the number of places it is occurring, I 
think I am expetieudng a foxhole con- 
version.” 

Alfred Blumstein, a professor of 
criminology at Carnegie Mellon Uni- 
versity, said the causes of the decl ine in 
the crane rate were complex and hard to 
calculate in isolation. Some of the de- 
*/ crease, he srid, could be attributed to 
more patice officers on toe streets and to 
- the Brady law, which mandates a five- 
day waiting period for handgun pur- 
chases. 

But, Mar. Blumstein said. “I suspectit 
. also has ibldo with the revised, more 
aggressive tactics” being used by tbe 
police in a number of large cities, where 
police officers have made concentrated 
efforts to get handguns off the streets 
and to take them away from young 
people. 

In fact,' the figures that were to be 
released Sunday show that the U.S. cit- 
ies with populations of more than _1 
. A million recorded tire largest decline in 
* overall crime — 6 percent in toe six 
months. 

Odes with populations of 500,000 to 
just »*wdw 1 nnuion had no change in 
their dime rates, while smaller cities 
showed declines of 2 percent to 4 per- 
cent. Rural counties recorded a 3 per- 
cent drop and suburban law-enforce- 
ment agencies reported a 1 percent 
decrease. 

The biggest cities tend to be “more 
sophisticated and pick up on new police 
more quickly,’’ Mr. Blumstein 
said. And they also rave tire resources to 
move faster with new policing 
strategies. 



SOME VACATION — A well-armed President Clinton searching for 
a wayward ball at a golf course on St Thomas in the Virgin Islands. 


Egypt Not Bomb Source, 
Ministry Official Asserts 


Gingrich Plays 
A Waiting Game 

Aides Predict Easy Re-election 


Renters 

TUNIS — Egypt denied on Sunday 
that letter bombs mailed to toe United 
States came from Egypt and said there 
was.no need fora IXS. investigation in 


: Egyptian security service has a 
very high expertise and has no need for 
assistance.” Major General Raouf 
Menawi, Egyptian Interior Ministry 
'Spokesman said in Tunis. 

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Inves- 
tigation says eight letter bombs inter- 
cepted in tire United Stares on Thursday 
and Friday were mailed from Egypt 

“We totally reject such talk, ’ Gen- 
eral Menawi said, adding that “it is not 
that easy” for such fetters “to pass 
through the fingers of Egyptian secu- 
rity.” 

He said modem technology matte it 
easy.to forge postmarks. Egyptian se- 
curity services were investigating the 
matter, be added. 

Susan Lloyd, an FBI spokeswoman, 
said iir Washington on Friday that tire 
FBI had asked its legal attach^ in Egypt 
to travel to Alexandria — the postmark 
on some of tire letter bombs: 

The attach^, Alfred Finch, said in the 
Egyptian capital on Sunday that tire FBI 
had been in touch with tire Egyptians 


since Thursday night. “We’re just co- 
operating with Egyptian officials in an 
investigation being done by Egyptian 
autocodes,” he said 

“We are in no need for help from 
anybody,” General Menawi said “We 
do not accept any guardianship or in- 
terference. We have an agreement for 
security cooperation with toe United 
States, but that an investigating team be 
imposed on us — we can’t accept 
that" 

Five of tire letter bombs were found in 
Washington and three in the vicinity of 
the fcderalpenitepriaiy at Leav-enworth, 
Kansas. The Washington bombs were 
addressed to the offices of AI Hayat, a 
newspaper leased to a member of the 
Saudi royal family. None of tire bombs 
exploded 

■ Bombs Seem to Be of Senates 

Tbe letter bombs appear to be made 
with Semtex, a military-grade explosive 
widely used among international ter- 
rorists, federal law mtforcement sources 
told Tbe Washington Post. 

Authorities have few clues as to who 
sent the bombs, which they said were not 
sophisticated “We’re in tire very, very 
early stages, and we are still looking ai a 
lot of questions," an FBI aide said 


By John E. Yang 

Washington ftw Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
House speaker. Newt Gin- 
grich, has told Representative 
Malt Salmon, Republican of 
Arizona, that he has not ruled 
out stepping aside until after 
the vote on his punishment 
for violating House rales, Mr. 
Salman said Sunday. 

Aides to Mr. Gingrich 
denied that toe speaker was 
considering taking that 
course and confidently pre- 
dicted that he would be re- 
elected when the new Con- 
gress convened Tuesday. 

Mr. Salmon said that Mr. 
Gingrich, a Georgia Repub- 
Iican. made the comment dur- 
ing a telephone conversation 
Fnday. He said that Mr. Gin- 
grich phoned to discuss tire 
second-term conservative’s 
call for Mr. Gingrich to give 
up tbe speakership until his 
ethics case was resol ved so as 
not to divert attention from 
tire Republican agenda. 

Speaking on ABC televi- 
sion of the possibility that Mr. 
Gingrich would temporarily 
step aside, Mr. Salmon said, 
“He did tell me that was 
something be would not com- 
pletely rale out,” and added: 
“He said be was keeping his 
options open and that that still 
might be a possibility.” 

Aides to the speaker re- 
acted swiftly. “Newt plans to 
run for speaker, be elected 
and serve out bus term,” said 
Tony Blankley, Mr. Gin- 
grich’s press secretary. 

Representative Scott KJug, 
Republican of Wisconsin, a 
fourth -term moderate, said he 
would urge Mr. Gingrich to 
put off the vote for speaker 
until after a vote on his pun- 
ishment. On CNN, Mr. Klug 
said he had not decided wheth- 
er to support Mr. Gingrich 
without knowing the attics 
panel’s proposed sanction. 

Mr. Salmon, who said be 
would vote for Mr. Gin- 
grich’s re-election, stressed 
that his position was not dir- 
ected at Mr. Gingrich per- 
sonally, but at removing 
hindrances to the party’s 
agenda. 

Representative Michael 
Forbes of New York, the only 
House Republican to say 

S ublicly that he would not 
ack Mr. Gingrich on Tues- 
day, used a similar argument 
to explain his position. 


“Should Newt Gingrich 
retain the speakership, he will 
be toe issue,” Mr. Forbes 
said, “rather than, obviously, 
this worthwhile agenda that 
we Republicans in the House 
want to pursue.” 

Tbe House Republican 
conference chairman. John 
Boehner of Ohio, said on 
NBC that he could not predict 
how many Republican law- 
makers might join Mr. Forbes 
in not voting for Mr. Gin- 
grich. 

But he said It would be 
fewer than 20. the number of 
defections that could jeopard- 
ize Mr. Gingrich’s bid to, be- 
come the firet Republican re- 
elected speaker In 68 years. 

With Mr. Gingrich’s re- 
election looking increasingly 
likely. Democrats sought to 
focus attention on the House 
ethics committee's public 
bearing on the speaker’s pun- 
ishment, which could come 
as soon as Friday. They hope 
the session will produce new 
information damaging to Mr. 
Gingrich. 

On NBC, the House minor- 
ity whip, David Booior, a 
Michigan Democrat and the 
speaker's chief House antag- 
onist, predicted that Mr. Gin- 
grich’s case would be re- 
ferred to the Justice De- 
partment, either by the ethics 
committee as part of its re- 
commended punishment or 
by an individual lawmaker, 
and that toe speaker would 
eventually resign. 

“I don’t think he’s going to 
finish,” Ire said. 


Away From Politics 

• The nation’s abortion rate has dropped 

to its lowest level in neatly two decades, the 
Centers few Disease Control and Prevention 
say. Twenty-one of every 1,000 women 
between the ages of 15 and 44 had an 
abortion in 1994 — toe smallest number 
since 1976. .While anti-abortion groupssay 
more women are learning about alternatives 
to die procedure, abortion-rights grou ps 
rnn twiff dfff-*****r was doe to harassment 
by anti-abortion activists and a lade of 
abortion services, . (AP) 

• O. J. Simpson’s dv3 trial was to resume 
Monday, unto plaintiffs’ attorneys chal- 
lengtogan expert witness who said a picture 
of Mr. Simpson wearing expensive Italian 
shoes bad probably been faked. A source 
familiar with tire plaintiffs’ case said they 


would probably introduce a second picture 
showing Mr. Simpson wearing the shoes 
that they say are identical to the ones that 
lefts trail of bloody footprints attire place 
where Mr. Simpson’s former wife, Nicole 
Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald 
Goldman were slashed to death. ( Reuters ) 

• Rabies among raccoons is spreading 
from the East Coast into the Midwest, tbe 
government ha* warned. A rabid raccoon 
was captured in May in Poland. Ohio, three 
miles from the Pennsylvania line, tbe Cen- 
ters for Disease Control and Prevention 
said. (AP) 

•Responding to pressure from relatives 
of TWA Flight 800 victims, tire Suffolk 
County medical examiner has begun re- 
leasing autopsy reports, although he says be 
does not understand why relatives would 
want tire “chilling documents.” (AP) 


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POLITICAL NOTE S 


Carrying on a Family Tradition 

WASHINGTON — After graduating from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan law school fast spring, Harold Ford 
Jr.. 26. has his first job: a seat in Congress, and. along with 
it, the distinction of being the youngest House member. 

At any su gge stion that his age and experience level 
might be liabilities, Mr. Ford bristles. 

“Whether 26, 36 or 46. a congressman must be a 
freshman,” said Mr. Ford, who represents the Ninth 
District in Tennessee and is the son of a congressman. “I 
have to think my learning curve will be less steep than 
others'. I have been training for this since I was a kid.” 

Though his opponents in the election tried to paint hint 
as too young for the job, he has support for his point of 
view from a fellow Democrat, Representative Bill Gay of 
Missouri, whose own sons followed him into politics. 

“It is not a question of his chronological age, but what 
he stands for,” Mr. Gay said. “He has 18 or 19 years of 
silting at the dinner table, and interacting with members 
of Congress." 

Mr. Ford is the son of Harold Fond, toe first black 
congressman from Tennessee and toe engineer of what 
some state Democratic officials cal] the Ford Machine. 
Thai machine includes three of the senior Ford's brothers, 
who are elected state officials. Harold Ford Sr. retired last 
fall after 22 years in Congress. 

Tbe younger Ford said he was 4 years old when be 
realized he “wanted to be just like Dad.” (NYT) 

Birth Rates for Teenagers Drop 

SMITH BAY, Virgin Islands — Birth rates among 
teenagers dropped in toe early 1990s in states across toe 
country, according to statistics released Saturday by tbe 
Clinton administration. But in his weekly radio address 
Saturday, taped Friday night while he was vacationing 
here on St. Thomas, the president still characterized the 
problem as an epidemic. 

Thirty-seven states saw sustained drops ip their teen- 
age birth rates from 1991 to 1994, the statistics show. In 
10 states, the rate dropped by more than 10 percent. In 21 
others, it fell by 5 percent to 10 percent. 

Mr. Clinton cited those statistics, a state-by-state 
breakdown of national findings released last fall, in his 
weekly radio address Saturday. 

“What we’re doing to prevent teen pregnancy as a 
nation is an example of how we can master many of the 
challenges of our time,” be said. 

While praising toe reduction in birth rates among 
teenagers, Mr. Clinton nevertheless said tbe problem 
continued to deserve attention. “AH of you need to help us 
send tbe strongest possible message: It's wrong to be 
pregnant or father a child unless you are married and ready 
to rake on the responsibilities of parenthood.” he said. 

Overall, the national birth rate among young people 
aged 1 5 to 19droppedby 8 percent from 1991 to 1995, toe 
administration reported in October. In 1995, toe birth rate 
for teenagers declined to 56.9 births per 1 ,000 girls, from 
58.9 births the year before. (NYT) 


Quote/Unquote 


Jim Wright, who was forced to resign as speaker of the 
House because of a campaign led by Newt Gingrich, 
musing on a whether Mr. Gingrich should resign now 
because of a fund-raising scandal: “It might lance toe boil 
in toe same way that Mr. Nixon’s leaving the White 
House made it possible for a more harmonious and 
peaceful period to emerge.” f NYT ) 



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Fueling Arafat Demands: Israeli Divisiveness 


By Serge Schmemann 

New yorkTunes Service 

JERUSALEM — It has been three 
months now since the word went out 
from Jerusalem and Washington that an 
agreement on an Israeli withdrawal 
from most of Hebron was ‘'immin- 
ent.' ' 

That, paradoxically, may be the rea- 
son it has taken so long. Because for 
Yasser Arafat, a signal that the other 
side was ready to deal was a signal to get 
to work. 

Within weeks of the October summit 
meeting in Washington, at which the 
“intensive and urgent" new talks were 
begun on Hebron, the last West Bank 
city under Israeli occupation. Prime 
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu went 
from haughtily predicting a quick deal on 
his own terms to the humiliating position 
of waiting day after day for a nod from 
the Palestinian leader to seal a deal that a 
growing number of his conservative 
government regarded as a sellout. 

In the end, Mr. Netanyahu's terms for 
withdrawal were almost the same as 
those proposed by the Labor govern- 
ment he succeeded in May. 

Bui now it was Mr. Arafat — backed 
by the Palestinians, the Arabs and much 
of the world — who took the haughty 
tone, telling the American mediator, 
Dennis Ross, “There are more burning 
issues than signing the agreement." 

It was a bold and dangerous ploy. The 
issues Mr. Arafat spoke of were nothing 
less than a commitment from Mr. Net- 
anyahu to comply with far more difficult 
provisions of the Israeli-Palesdnian 
agreements than Hebron — namely, 
those calling for the staged withdrawal 
of die Israelis from much of the West 


Bank beyond the Palestinian towns. 

Mr. Arafat’s demand has put the en- 
tire Hebron agreement in danger with 
the Israeli cabinet, where one mznisrer 
after another has declared opposition to 
a deal that includes further troop with- 
drawals. Although a pullback from 
Hebron does not technically require 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

government approval, Mr. Netanyahu 
has pledged to bring his first Palestinian 
agreement before his coalition. 

In failing to sign, Mr. Arafat was also 
defying the Americans. Mr. Ross came 
to Israel on Dec. 21 aimed with letters 
from President Bill Clinton and intent 
on moving past Hebron. Though he 
maintained his tactful public silence, his 
expression grew grimmer after each ses- 
sion with Mr. Arafat 

But then brinkmanship has always 
been a primary tool for Mr. Arafat. In 
the Israeti-Palestiman equation, he has 
never had much military or economic 
leverage. He has had no constant in- 
ternational patron, no real skill for get- 


ting his message out over the media, not 
even wholehearted support from the 
other Arabs. 

What he does ha ve is three decades of 
experience in exploiting the slightest 
advantage, and, unlike the ideologically 
divided Israelis, a clear notion of his 
goal — a Palestinian state with East 
Jerusalem as its capital. 

Mr. Arafat has also had the advantage 
that it is Mr. Netanyahu who has been on 
trial, not he. The conservative prime 
minister was elected on a platform that 
sharply criticized the Israeii-Palestkuan 
agreements of 1993 and 1995, known a s 
the Oslo accords, but at the same tune 
[ to comply with them. Mr. Ara- 
by contrast, was a certified partner 
in the peace. 

Thus, both in Israel and abroad, 
everything Mir. Netanyahu did and said 
was scrutinized for a sign. And in the 
first six months he managed to please no 
one: neither his conservative constitu- 
ents, who did not find a solid -com- 
mitment to expand whai they .call the 
‘ 'Land of Israel,' ’ nor among supporters 
of the peace, who viewed with anxiety 


Israel Again Hits South Lebanon 


Agence France-Presse 

TYRE, South Lebanon — Israel 
launched an air raid Sunday on what it 
called a Hezbollah guerrilla position 
near Tyre after three Israeli soldiers in 
a rank were slightly wounded by mor- 
tar fire in the Israeli -occupied buffer 
zone in southern Lebanon, sources 
said. 

An Israeli fighter plane fired two 


air-to-ground missiles around the vil- 
lage of Zibkin, 12 kilometers (seven 
miles) south of Tyre, the Lebanese 
police said. No one was hurt, they 
added. 

The Hezbollah militia took respon- 
sibility for the attack on the Israelis, 
which came after two straight days of 
Israeli air raids on targets in southern 
Lebanon. 


the growing frustration of Palestinians 
and neighboring Arabs. 

Mr. Netanyahu has argued, with 
justice, that the Labor government was 
at least as delinquent in complying with 
the Oslo accords. The very first Israeli 
obligation, the release of female Pal- 
estinian prisoners, has never been ful- 
filled, nor has a "safe passage" road to 

connect the Gaza Strip and the West 
Bank. 

But Mir. Arafat was largely prepared 
to ignore these oversights in the faith 
that Prime Minister Shimon Peres, the 
Labor leader, shared his commitment. 
Mr. Netanyahu was given no such lee- 
way by Mr. Arafat or the world. 

In the explosion of violence that fol- 
lowed the opening last September by 
Israel of a new tourist tunnel exit near 
Muslim shrines in Jerusalem, it was Mr. 
Netanyahu who bore the brunt of in- 
ternational reproach. And when a sol- 
dier with a history of mental problems 
opened fire Wednesday on the Arab 
market in Hebron, the Israeli clamor for 
greater security for the handful of Jews 
in the city came to sound even hol- 
lower. 

The problem for Mr. Netanyahu, and 
the two Labor prime ministers before 
him, was feat, unlik e the Palestinians, 
the divided Israelis have never shaped a 
consensus on their goal. Thus Hebron 
became not only a step on the way to 
peace, but a test of the entire peace. 

Contrary to the new Israeli govern- 
ment's perception that Mr. Arafat 
would be overjoyed once it gave way on 
Hebron, the Palestinian leader in fact 
soon demonstrated that he views the city 
not as an end in itself, but as a way 
station on the road to Palestinian state- 
hood 



Sven NKi«B«VA|n*q ftwriMo 

Mr. Netanyahu updating Israeli 
business leaders Sunday on Hebron, 

La any event, most of the city is 
effectively under Mr. Arafat’s control, 
since the Palestinian Authority dis- 
penses most services, and the Pales- 
tinian police maintain a cOVCTt COUtTOL 

Moreover, Palestinians in Hebron 
and elsewhere have rallied behind his 
refusal to take the city without exacting 
some guarantees for the future. Their 
fear has been that once Mr. Netanyahu 
withdrew from Hebron, there was no 
guarantee feat he would, or could, go 
beyond. 

In the end, probably before long, Mr. 
Arafat will give way, as will the Israeli 
cabinet. Far one thing, neither side can. 
afford to defy the Americans to the end. 

But perhaps more important, the last 
seven m onths have demonstrated that 
the Oslo process has its own inherent 
pace. Mr. Netanyahu has learned the 
price of trying to stall it, and Mr. Arafat 
has learned that the Israelis can only 
move so fast in their tortuous search for 
consensus. 


Secret Meeting 
At Israeli Border 
Yields No Deal » 


Hauers 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and the 
Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, met 
secretly Sunday but foiled to break the 
deadlock on a self-rule agreement for 

Hebron. . 

News of the four-hour meeting at the 
Israeli-Gaza Strip border leaked out 
hours after it ended at 6 AM. Mr. Net- 
anyahu said he had thought it would 
help build confidence if he and Mr. 
Arafat avoided the media spotlight. 

Despite the failure to complete an 
accord, both sides reported progress. 
The American envoy on Middle East 
peace, Dennis Ross, who took part, had 
been scra mbling to arrange such a meet- 
ing in hopes of ironing out a deal on the 
West Bank city. „ , „ 

“I met with Yasser Ararat at the Erez 
junction," Mr. Neianyahu told business 
leaders Sunday afternoon in Tel Aviv. 
“We are pmkirig progress, but we still 
haven't reached full agreement on ail 
the issues.” 

A spokesman far Mr. Ararat srd: 
“An Arafat-Netanyahu summit ti «s ; 
pi aop- at Erez from 2 AM. to 6 Am.* 
Both leaders discussed all disputed is- 
sues, but the leaders were unable to 
bridge all gaps." 

“Contacts and efforts will continue 
until we dose a deal,” he added. 

An agreement would give Palestin- 
ians self-rule in most of Hebron, home 
to 100,000 Arabs and 400 Jews. Se- 
curity issues and other concerns over the 
last 10 months have delayed the Israeli 
handover. 


i *. 

i i‘ 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6. 1997 

EUROPE 


JJ.S. Protests to Georgia Over Envoy’s Fatal Car Crash 


', p: d ->4 


- *-*?*-'■ 
* • rti - i ^'.‘ 
- ■ ■<; 55 


n By Steven Erlaoger 

. N ttr Fort Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. 
•.government has strongly protested 
•40 the government nf nMwria k» 


Jiavior of one of its top diplomats 
■here that resulted in the death of a 
teenage girt. American officials said 
„ S unday . 

: b The girl died when Gneorgiri 
Makha radze, 35, the second-rank- 
ling Georgian diplomat here, al- 
legedly drove his car at an extremely 
high speed under the influence of 
-■alcohol through a crowded .Wash- 
ington intersection, crashing into 
i .a n other vehicle and catapulting it 
tr hi to the air to crush »• third car in 
..which die giri was a passenger. 

American officials said that the 
State Department would ask the 


* 1 V 

‘ -a*, r**' 

,fi v 




' f 1 

*4k d 


Georgian government to waive Mr. 
Makharadze’s immunity and let him 
face criminal charges once die local 
prosecutor decided to pursue diem. 
But it would be up to the Georgian 
government to waive immunity, the 
officials cautioned, that such 

a waiver was extremely rare. 

lender the international rules gov- 
erning. diplomatic immunity, the 
United States can expel foreign dip- 
lomats unilaterally, but not incar- 
cerate, prosecute or sue diem. Cit- 
izens — — in this. case die family of 
Joviane Wal trick, the 16-year-old 
girl who died in the accident Friday 
— ^ can try to sue the government of 
Georgia for damages, the officials 
suggested, bur not Mr. Makharadze 
himself. 

State Department officials spoke 
to the Georgian .ambassador, Tedo 
Djaparidze, on Saturday, and the 


American ambassador in Tbilisi, 
William Courtney, spoke to the 
Georgian Foreign Ministry, to 
protest Mr. Makharadze 's behavior 
and to ensure that Georgian officials 
understand die seriousness of the 
incident. The Georgian president, 
Eduard Shevardnadze, who has 
close ties to W ashing ton, has spoken 
to Ms ambassador here to express 
his concern, officials of both coun- 
tries said Sunday. 

A. spokesman for die Georgian 
Embassy said that Mr. Makharadze 
had spoken to Washington detect- 
ives as part of a ‘ ‘ preinv estimation, 
conversation,’ * and raised the pos- 
sibility of brake failure." 

’'You can imagine how horrible 
be himself feels shout all this," die 
spokesman said. “We are all. from 
President Shevardnadze on down, 
most regretful about this very un- 


fortunate accident and concerned to 
extend condolences to the family 
and to everyone involved. ’ * 

Nicholas Burns, the State Depart- 
ment spokesman, said that under die 
terms of the 1961 Vienna Conven- 
tion on Diplomatic Relations, a host 
country cannot remove the im- 
munity of a diplomat even in the 
case of a criminal offense. 

Meanwhile, the mayor of New 
York, Rudolph Giuliani, has asked 
the State Department to act against 
two diplomats attached to the 
United Nations, one from Russia 
and one from Belarus. The New 
York police say these diplomats 
were drunk and attacked policemen 
who were ticketing their car for be- 
ing too close to a fire hydrant. 

The Russian government has pro- 
tested strongly to Washington about 
the behavior of the New York City 


police and called in the American 
deputy chief of mission in Moscow 
to protest, charging that police broke 
the arm of the Russian diplomat as 
they dragged him from the car, 
which displayed diplomatic license 
plates. U.S. officials said. 

“hi this case we have to see the 
facts before making a judgment," 
Mr. Burns said Sunday. The State 
Department is awaiting a New York 
City police report on the incident 
that is said to contain statements 
from more than a dozen witnesses. 

Officials said that the State De- 
partment had a range of options, 
from doing nothing to expelling the 
diplomats. Washington could also 
request as apology from the dip- 
lomats and their governments, or, as 
is likely in the Georgian case, ask 
the governments to waive the im- 
munity of their diplomats. 


s Kill 10 in Central Africa 


Caqiitni tisOirSufFnm Dupacka 

BANGUI, Central African Re- 
public -7— French troops lolled at 
least 10 Central African Republic 
Army mutineers Sunday in heli- 
copter-led reprisal raids after the 
tailing of two Bench officers on a 
multinational mediation mission. 

The French Defense Ministry in 
Paris accused mutineers of shoofc- 
: teg.tbe.‘txyp. unarmed officers"; ip.'! 
cold blood Saturday. It said that the 
raids, which also used tanks and 
armored personnel carriers, had 
been carried out in self-defense. 

The nuniSBty said it wasseud- 
mg 300 elite tnxjps. to Bangui 'to J 
hack - die 2,000-member Ybrce 
already inpfSce as pat of Fnaochi' 
support for the government of. 
President Ange-Felix Patasse. 


A ministry , spokesman said 10 
mutineers wop tilted and 30 
taken prisoner. 

Spokesmen for the mutineers 
put the death toll among their 
ranks at 21 and said that 1 1 ci- 
vilians had also been killed 
around. their headquarters in die. 
populous southern district of 


. Witnesses ' said French heli- 
copter giihships had fired 00 die 
mutineers’ command posts in the 
Kassai army campand other areas 
ofBangui under their control in an 
opera frfm tiwt fr egan in the middle 

, Cahrr returned to the: capital 
litter Sunday, bat residents report- 
ed an .exodus of civilians from 
rebel areas. 


“The aim of this French op- 
eration was solely an act of self- 
defense against two particularly 
cowardly murders," the Foreign 
Ministry said in Paris. 

“Our aim is not to put down the 
mutineers; oar aim Is to ensure 
dial die Central African Republic 
can continue its democratic pro- 
cess,” a spokesman told Radio 
France International. 

The Central African Republic is 
in die grip of the third army revolt 
within a year. French troops, who 
are in the former colony under a 
defense pact, intervened to keep 
Mr. Patasse in power during die 
second revolt, in May. 

The Defense Ministry in Paris 
said the two French soldiers killed 
Saturday had been ambushed by 


mutineers while with a mediating 
team led by officers from Chad 
and Burkina Faso. 

Witnesses said three civilians 
were kille d Saturday when French 
troops and mutineers clashed in 
Bangui after civilians supporting 
the mutineers tried to move to- 
ward die city center. 

Hie Bench Defense Ministry 
said that AK-47 rifles, machine- 
guns and rocket-propelled gren- 
ade launchers were seized in the 
operation Sunday. 

“There were no dead among 
die French forces, who remain 
particularly determined and vigil- 
ant." the minis try said. 

The latest revolt began Nov. 
16. The first was in April. 

(Reuters. AFP) 


C" v. 


■- . r-r 

» • j. : * 


Fewer Journalists Were Killed in ’96, Press Institute Reports 


The Associated Press 


countries faced harasaneot and intimidation from 


VIENNA — A decline in the number of authorities as well as from drag and crime gangs. 
jotmiafistslriUedwasoaeofthefewbrightspots In Eastern Europe, “countries emer gi ng 
for press freedom worldwide in i 996, a research from totalitarian Communist rule fell back once 


'gro up said Sunday. 




■ - ■* 


■s* «r«*c * 

’v .•* ' -JC 


The International Bess Institute said 38 jour- 
nalists were killed in 1996, down from 52 in 
1995. Almost half of last year’s killings oc- 
curred in just two countries: war-torn Algeria, 
with 1 1 , and crime-plaguedRussia, with seven, 
the report said. - 

Aside from the killings, journalists in many 


again into old habits,*’ the report said. “The 
Ooatiah and Serbian leaders have crashed vir- 
tually all critical voices — especially in the 
electronic media." 

Mexico bad one of the year's most gruesome 
killings: the Dec. 6 murder of Yolanda 
Figueroa, her husband and three children. She 
bad written a book on the Gulf cocaine cartel 


that blamed government corruption for delay- 
ing the arrest of a key drug lord. 

In Ireland, a reporter covering Dublin's un- 
derworld, Veronica Guerin, was killed on June 
26. Even in Sweden, which boasts the world's 
oldest constitutional press-freedom guarantees, 
three journalists covering the country's biker 
wars were forced into hiding and an anti-racist 
newspaper came under attack from extremists. 

Adam Fednstein, editor-in-chief of the IPI 
World Press Freedom Review, said: ‘ ‘The need 
for vigilance has never been greater." 


Balance Shift 
Seen in Cyprus 
Missile Deal 


Reuters 

NICOSIA — The decision by Cyprus 
to buy surface-to-air missiles could re- 
sult in a dramatic shift in die military 
balance cm the island, already one of the 
most heavily militarized areas of the 
world, diplomats said Sunday. 

The planned acquisition from Russia 
of the S-300 system, with a 150-ki- 
lometer (90-mile) range, is the first step 
by the Cypriot government toward 
building a credible air defense system. 

Diplomats said the missiles would 
neutralize the air superiority Turkey has 
had here since 1974, when its troops 
invaded the northern third of the island 
after a short-lived coup engineered by 
the military then ruling Greece. 

“Basically it can lock onto Turkish 
planes and take them out in Turkish 
airspace, which is a significant change'* 
over the equipment the Greek Cypnots 
currently have, a diplomat said. 

The deal for the missiles was con- 
cluded over the weekend, but it was 
unclear when the missile air defense 
system would be put into place. 

The agreement has raised concern in 
Ankara. The Turkish defense minister. 
Turhan Tayan, said the “situation will 
undermine peace in the region," the 
Anatolian News Agency in Turkey re- 
ported. 


BRIEFLY 


Israeli Weighs Swiss Reprisal 

JERUSALEM — An Israeli official said Sunday that 
he was weighing recommending that all Jews withdraw 
their assets from Swiss bank accounts as a protest over 
Switzerland's rejection of a request that it create a fund to 
compensate Holocaust survivors. 

The official. Abraham Bug, president of the Jewish 
Agency, the quasi-official organization in chaige of im- 
migration to Israel, said he was “thinking of recom- 
mending to Jewish organizations feat they withdraw their 
investments from Swiss banks." 

The possible reprisal would be in response to com- 
ments by President Jean-Pascal Delamuraz of Switzer- 
land. who described as '‘blackmail" a request to create a 
compensation fund from the deposits believed to have 
been left in Swiss bank accounts by people who even- 
tually were exterminated in the Holocaust. 

Mr. Bug said Mr. Delamuraz had justified Switzer- 
land's refusal to set up such a fund before the facts were 
established on possible Swiss responsibility. 

Last week, Mr. Delamuraz said, “Such a fund would 
be considered an admission of guilt,'’ and added: “It's 
nothing more than a ransom and blackmail." He later 
apologized. (AFP) 

Havel Is Married in Prague 

PRAGUE — President Vaclav Havel of the Czech 
Republic, who is recovering from lung surgery, was 
married over the weekend in a private civil ceremony. 

Mr. Havel. 60, and Dagraar Veskmova, 43, a leading 
Czech stage actress, were married at a municipal hall on 
Saturday, the president's spokesman, Ladislav Spaoek, said. 

Mr. Havel had a malignant tumor and half his right lung 
removed Dec. 2. He left fee hospital on Dec. 27. but has 
not yet returned to work. 

The couple were accompanied by Miss Veskmova's 
daughter, Nina, and two witnesses when they were mar- 
ried shortly before noon, Mr. Spacek said. The marriage is 
fee second for both. Mr. Havel's first wife, Olga, died a 
year ago. (AP) 

Bonn Finds Cash for Fighter 

BONN — Germany's coalition has hammered out an 
agreement in principle that secures financing for the four- 
nation Eurofighter project to go ahead this year, the 
weekly Welt am Sonntag reported Sunday. 

Underthe deal, an extra 2 billion Deutsche marks ($13 
billion) will be found for development of the fighter 
aircraft from 1998 10 2001. wife half coming out of the 
existing defense budget and half from a special Finance 
Ministry allocation, fee paper said. 

A final decision on the project would be made by the 
end of March, the report said 

A Defense Ministry spokesman said feat he was not 
aware of any agreement, but that Defense Minister Volker 
Ruebe was confident one would be reached before April. 

Until now, fee Defense Ministry had allocated just 2.8 
billion DM for fee project. Daimler-Benz Aerospace had 
been saying it needed 4.8 billion DM. (Reuters) 


For the Record 


Russian troops have completed their withdrawal 
from Chechnya, fee Russian Interior Ministry told (he 
Interfax news agency Sunday. (AFP) 






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PAGE 6 


Singapore Is Resisting 
The Influence of China 

No Desire to Become Beijing Satellite 


By Michael Richardson 

l/uernanoruil Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Since the end of the 
Cold War, Singapore — the oniy coun- 
try with an ethnic Chinese majority in 
Southeast Asia — has developed in- 
creasingly close ties with Grina. 1 • •• ^ ■ 

It has major investment and Bade 
with the mainland, while Beijing's 
Communist rulers frequently' send del- 
egations to Singapore to learn how the 
island-state maintains one-party dom- 
inance of government and a booming 
free-maricer economy. 

In some ways. China's great exper- 
iment with “a socialist market econ- 

~ NEWS ANALYSIS^ 

omy” that combines capitalism with 
political control is Singapore writ large. 

Yet on their frequent visits to China. 
Singapore's leaders — many of whom 
speak Chinese — insist that official 
talks are conducted through an English- 
language interpreter. And" when Beijing 
staged missile tests and large-scale mil- 
itary exercises near Taiwan ahead of the 
Taiwan's presidential elections in 1996. 
Singapore was one of the few countries 
in Southeast Asia to warn publicly 
against the use of force. 

The point is not lost cm China or on 
Singapore's neighbors. 

Singapore's “foreign-policy equilib- 
rium is seriously threatened by China’s 
increased assertiveness on East Asia's 
strategic stage,” said Tun Huxley, di- 
rector of the department of Southeast 
Asian studies at the University of Hull in 
England. “Singapore's ethnic compos- 
ition and strong economic links with 
China could leave the city-state danger- 
ously exposed in an increasingly hostile, 
anti-Chinese regional environment.” 

As China emerges as a major power. 
Singapore's government is stepping up 
its efforts to prove that it will never 
allow the emotional tug of Chinese lan- 
guage and culture to turn Singapore into 
an offshoot of the Chinese mainland. 

The issue emerged as a major point of 
contention in the general elections in 
Singapore last week, when the govern- 
ment accused an ethnic Chinese oppo- 
sition candidate, Tang Liang Hong of the 
Workers’ Party, of espousing policies to 
turn the island into a Chinese state. 

Since Singapore's independence in 
1965 — which was preceded by violent 
race riots — the governing People’s 
Action Party has insisted that English be 


the country’s common language. The 
policy is designed to ensure that all 
races — Chinese, Malays. Indians and 
Eurasians — have equal opportunities 

- in education and jobs. 

Ethnic Chinese account for just over 
77 percent of Singapore's population, 
while Malays make ap 14 percent and 
Indians 7 percent. 

“China will grow stronger over the 
next 20 years, and Chinese will become 
an important language internationally.’’ 
said Goh Chok Tong, an ethnic Chinese 
who is Singapore's prime minister. “Un- 
less we take a clear stand now, there will 
be a powerful temptation for a Chinese 
■electorate to push for a more prominent 
role for Chinese language and culture. 
This will be a very serious problem for 
Singapore. We are not a Chinese coun- 
. try, and we must never allow Chinese 
chauvinists to turn us into one.” 

Mr. Tang of the Workers’ Parry has 
denied being a Chinese chauvinist, and 
each side has threatened to sue the other 
for defamation. 

The debate has struck a chord else- 
where in Southeast Asia, where Singa- 
pore — with a population of just 3 million 

— is dwarfed % its neighbors. Indonesia, 
Malaysia and the Philippines. 

Those countries have a combined 
population of nearly 300 million, most 
of whom are of Malay stock, although 
ethnic Chinese minorities have a dis- 
proportionately large influence In trade 
and commerce. 

Indonesia and the Philippines are sus- 
picious of China's long-term intentions 
toward the region, and both Malaysia 
and the Philippines have conflicting 
claims with China to ownership of some 
of the Spratly Islands in the South China 
Sea. 

Singapore occupies a key strategic 
position on the Malacca Strait, the main 
maritime channel for ships sailing be- 
tween the Pacific and Indian oceans. 

Lee Kuan Yew, another ethnic 
Chinese who is Singapore 's senior min- 
ister, warned during the election cam- 
paign that if Singapore — which cur- 
rently allows U S. military forces access 
to its bases — became a Chinese state, it 
would invite interference not just from 
neighbors but from outside powers wary 
of Churn's influence. 

"A lot of countries will want to in- 
terfere, and these will not be just our 
neighbors in the region,” Mr. Lee said. 
“Big countries in the international com- 
munity will not allow a China base in 
Southeast Asia.” 


EVreRNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 19$7 

ASIA/PACIFIC ” 






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SHOWING OFF HANDIWORK — Some of the 6,000 finalists in the 33d calligraphy contest displaying 
their creations Sunday in Tokyo. Thousands of children from all over Japan entered the annual event. 

North Koreans Revert to Shrill Tone 


By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New i'ork Times Service 

TOKYO — While North Korea 
raised eyebrows and hopes with its land- 
mark statement of “deep regret” a 
week ago for having sent a spy sub- 
marine into South Korean waters, its 
statements since then have been more 
mundane and rather less conciliatory. 

“True colors of fascist murderer can- 
not be concealed,” read the headline on 
one dispatch last week from the official 
press agency KCNA about President 
Kim Young Sam of South Korea. 

When Mr. Kim voiced mild hope for 
improved relations with the North, the 
headline read, “Puppet's remarks full 
of falsity and deception. ' ’ 

“It is the height of impudence for the 
traitor who has no idea and way of 
promoting inter-Korean relations to talk 
about ‘reconciliation' and ‘peaceful re- 
unification,' ” the leading North Korean 
newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, said in a 
commentary Friday about Mr. Kim's 
comments. * ‘His utterances are no more 
than a trick to cover up his fascist, 
bellicose and spiritist characters.” 

The denunciations are significant be- 
cause they may be a gauge of tire mood 
in North Korea's leadership and of its 
willingness to work with the South in 
easing tensions on the peninsula. West- 
ern diplomats have suggested that if the 
North is serious about reducing ten- 


sions. one of the first steps it could take 
would be to drop some of the more 
incendiary adjectives it likes to employ 
about the South. 

Mr. Kim has been deeply offended in 
the past by North Korea's character- 
izations of him, and some officials say 
that is one reason be has taken a tough 
line against the North in recent mouths. 

Still, officials in the South say that for 
now they are not taking the fulminations 
all that seriously, partly because they are 
still buoyed by the statement of regret. 
That statement was by far the most con- 
trite that North Korea has ever issued. 

The statement was not quite an apo- 
logy, for Pyongyang refused to use the 
word ' 'apologize.' ' But it was nonethe- 
less an extraordinary act of contrition, 
by North Korean standards, for the de- 
cision to send the submarine with 26 
commandos into South Korean waters. . 

In a sign of how mucb v must have 
pained the North to make the statement, 
it has suggested in recent reports that it 
was Seoul that apologized. Pyongyang 
excoriated the South on Friday for hav- 
ing killed 24 of the commandos who 
came ashore from the sub, and it noted 
tbat the remains of those commandos 
had been handed back to the North. 

“This means that the South Korean 
authorities admitted and apologized for 
their inhuman crimes,” KCNA said. 

Despite die harshness of its language. 
North Korea has agreed to accept a 


briefing from American and South 
Korean officials — probably later this 
month — about a proposal for four- 
party talks to create a lasting peace. The 
talks, to which Pyongyang is expected 
to agree as well, would include the 
United States, China and both Koreas. 

“What isimportant is what they are 
going to do, rather than what they are 
saying,” a senior Seoul official said 
over the weekend For now. he said he 
wants to focus on the “positive side” of 
events rather than the statements made 
by die North in the last few days. 

Some officials and analysts say that 
one of the clearest messages of the re- 
cent events is that the North must truly 
be desperate to improve ties with die 
outside world and get foreign assistance 
if it was willing to swallow its pride and 
make a statement of “deep regret” 

Washington is expected to reward 
North Korea by easing trade sanctions, 
and perhaps later by sending food and 
other aid Seoul may also send aid 

North Korean press reports have fo- 
cused in the last few days on a general 
strike , that began in South Korea last 
month and is set to resume fully Monday 
following a New Year’s break. 

Pyongyang has expressed strong solid- 
arity widi the strikers, saying that they are 
trying to topple "the traitor Kim Young 
Sam” and opposing “a most shameless 
political gangsterism unprecedented in 
die world’s history of laws.” 




brieflyas; 


China Toughens 'j 
Blood Regulations 

BjEUING — China issrred tough 

new rules on the handling of blood j 
products on Sunday in a move that 
followed the sale of HIV-tainted j 
blood serum. ’ ■ 

The official Xinhua press agency i 
said the rules covered the production | j 
and distribution of blood products, ' j 
and set strict supervisory standards j 
throughout the health industry. • 

The 5,000-word ruling set harsh { 

punishments for violators, though it ; j 

gave no details of the regulations ! 
themselves and made no mention of ; ■ 

the discovery last April of tainted i 
blood products manufactured and _ • 

sold in China. (Reuters) ' i 

Kabul Blasts Kill 7 

KABUL — An air raid and a ; j 
major unexplained explosion in the ; 

Afghan capital, Kabul, on Sunday ; 
killed at least seven people and 
wounded 69, government sources ■ 

and a private news service said. ! 

Kabul radio, monitored in Is- „ ; 
lamabad, Pakistan, said two jets of " c 
the forces commanded by the J i 
Uzbek warlord Abdul Rashid 
Dus tarn bad carried out the 
raid. ( Reuters) 

Bombs Shake Delhi 

NEW DELHI — Two bombs, 
one in a bus and the other in a taxi, 

.exploded minutes apart in the In- 
dian capital on Saturday, killing 
one person and wounding ai least 
1 1, die police said 

There was no immediate claim of ■; 

responsibility for the explosions, 
which occurred in the Samaipur 
Badli area, about 25 kilometers ( 16 
miles) northwest of the center of | 

Delhi. The police said both bombs J 

were crude devices. (Reuters) 

Meeting in Burma [ 

RANGOON — Burma's mili- 
tary government allowed the op- 'r** 
position leader. Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi, to meet with 500 supporters on 
Saturday to mark the country's 49th 
anniversary of independence. 

It was the largest gathering of her 
followers since the regime began 
restricting die Nobel laureate's 
movement in October. 

She thanked the government for ■- 

allowing the celebration, but cri- 
ticized it for limiting the number of 
guests to 500. (AP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


PACE 7 


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INTERNATIONAL 


M,.; 

""II, .. 


In Cars, Belgrade Throng 
Outmaneuver s the Police 


By Michael Dobbs tac 5f -of creating monstrous against Europe’s last Com* 

Washington Pojz Service traffic jams. By turning the munist regime. For the most 

BELGRADE Ce "^ r of Belffade into a part, the demonstrators be- 

™ass ofhontang cars, long to the middle classes and 

“* °? wds - ^ obstructed the police. the intelligentsia, who have 
A^mmohedpaa tbe^pai^ “Serttahas risen up,” said suffered mostasaresuliof the 

Zivojin Davidovic, a 46-year- economic policies of the Mi- 
SZ*™*". .k®" old andntect, honking the losevic government and Ser- 

rome an imlikely symbol of horn of his battered Toyota on Ha’s isolation from the out- 
i«bj a s democr^y move- Belgrade's main street “This side world. Many workers 
^ 2*?, 15 “ ™> longer just about the remain indifferent, while 

soon brought the redoubtable elections. It is about Milo- some are hostile. 

Olga Radovanovic out onto scvic’s own power.” “This is pointless.” said a 

her second-floor balcony. Hundreds of riot police sat bus driver, whose vehicle got 
Brand ishin g a Serbian flag m quietly in buses parked near snarled up in the demoostra- 
ooe band and L waving rf- fee Yugoslav Parliament two. “It is just a struggle for 
UI ?JP~ntiy to the protesters building, holding their hel- power between one group and 
W1 !P o dte ^ . niets and plexiglass shields another group. Nothing will 

ror the mst tune since Ser- on tbeir laps and making no change.” 
bia sC^mimmist government attempt to interfere with the “It is infentile,” said a 
• unblock demonstrations. . stranded bus passenger. “I 

traffic in Belgrade on Dec. The cavalcade and march, am for changes, but not with 
25, the street below was full by tens of thousands of Bel- these people.” 

, of cheering people. A caco- grade residents showed con- “At the moment nnlv the 


tactic of creating monstrous 
traffic jams. By turning the 
center of Belgrade mm a 


SS*’ ye J^ crowds, as they obstructed the police, 
they marched past the apart- “Serbia has risen m^ai 


menr of the 82- 
grandmother who ] 


is no longer just about the remain indifferent, while 
elections. It is about Milo- some are hostile, 
sevic’s own power.” “This is pointless,” a 

Hundreds of riot police sat bus driver, whose vehicle got 
quietly in buses parked near marled up in the demonstra- 
tbe Yugoslav Parliament . tion. “ft is just a struggle for 
building, holding tbeir hel- power between one group and 
mets and plexiglass shields another group. Nothing will 
on their laps aid making no change.” 
attempt to interfere with die “It is infantile,” said a 
demonstrations. . stranded bus passenger. “I 

The cavalcade and march, am for changes, but not with 
by tens of thousands of Bel- these people.” 


phony of sou 
center car 


A caco- grade residents showed con- 
ed die city vincingly that , after 47 days 


“At the moment, only die 
bourgeoisie and the students 



Algerian Militants 
Reportedly Kill 
16 More Villagers 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — Islamic milit- 
ants murdered 16 people 
early Sunday in a village 
south of Algiers, according to 


A week ago, attackers 
claiming to be Islamic mil- 
itants sealed off Ain Defla, 
about 90 kilometers (55 miles) 
south of Algiers, cutting off 


renter car horos, sirens, of almost continuous protest are out on the streets,” ac- 
drums, cymbals, the banging against the “stealing” of knowledged Mrs. Radovan- 
of pots and pans. And all Nov. 17 local elections, the ovic, die daughter of a World 
arouml fee piercing screech of Serbian democracy move- War 1 Serbian general and the 
thousands of whistles, telling ment is far from running out widow of a prominent doctor. 
President Slobodan Milo- of steam. The city erupted in- in between saluting die 


thousands of whistles, telling 
President Slobodan Milo- 
sevic that his time was up. 

For a 10-day period, the 
police had succeeded in bot- 
tling up imposition supporters 
in a central square, preventing 
them from staging daily 
marches around the city to 
protest alleged election fraud 
by the Milosevic government. 
But Sunday, die demonstrat- 
ors regained possession of the 


of steam. The city erupted in- in between saluting the 
to another round of noise- crowds beneath her balcony, 
making Sunday evening as “Fot the moment, this is just a 
people heeded opposition revolt When the workers 
calls to “drown out” the main come out as well, then it will 
news bulletin of state-run be a revolution.” 
television in protest at its vir- During the first phase of 

tual blackout of information the street ’ protests, Mrs. 


protest alleged election fraud about die demonstrations. Radovanovic became . an in- 

ky the Milosevic government. At the same time, however, stant celebrity. She was one 
But Sunday, the demonstrat- the opposition shows little of the first Belgrade residents 
ors regained possession of the sign of broadening the social to come, out onto her balcony 
streets by resorting to the new basis of its protest movement in support of the demonstrat- 

ors, whom she showered with 

' flowers and candy. When she 

failed to appear one after- 

Robert Daniell Dies: 

. 7 there ■ was. consternation 

T *1 - * 1 7LT- • 4^1 among the crowd. 

Liberated Nazi Camp ^jssSEEfc 


Cwujgr !wrehalu/R raids 

Immigrants looking out a cell window at a police station Sunday in Nafplion. 

Tale of Mystery Shipwreck 

Migrants Tell Greek Police of a Deadly Collision 

Reuters public order minister, George Romeos, 

NAFPLION, Greece — Migrants who * ‘some may have made it to Italy on another 
said they had paid ai least $5,000 each to be ship and some ended up in Greece." 
smuggled into Europe gave chilling ac- The ministry said 107 immigrants were 
counts Sunday of a collision at sea in which arrested last Monday when the larger vessel 
Greek police fear as many as 280 people docked at the Greek port of Nafplion. 
may have drowned. “It is difficult not to believe them.” said 

Greek police said the migrants, from the Nafplion police chief, Panayotis Kalo- 
India. Pakistan and Sri I-anka, had told them folias. referring to the migrants' accounts, 
that two vessels packed with people col- He said Che description of the smaller ship fit 
tided about 25 kilometers (15 miles east) of that of a vessel stolen earlier from Malta. 


a French radio report that roads and telephone lines, 
quoted Algerian security of- They then hacked to death 28 
ncials. villagers with knives and 

It was the latest in a series of axes, the government said, 
massacres in villages in the The attackers claimed they 
Blida region, about 50 kilo- were members of the Armed 
meters (30 miles) south of the Islamic Group, the most rad- 
capital. ft came just a week icaf of several factions fight- 
after 28 villagers were hacked ingthe government 
to death in another haml et. The Armed Islamic Group 
More than 250 people have wants to impose strict Kor- 
been killed in similar attacks anic law in the nation, ban- 
in the last two months. ning alcohol, separating men 

The government has attrib- and women and requiring all 
uted all die attacks to Islamic women to veil themselves, 
insurgents trying to topple __ 

Algeria's military-backed re- . 
gime. The rebels’ campaign TVT ATfk, 
has been countered by a brutal 1 Vf • 

crackdown by the security wr ■ i n T j ‘ 

forces. Kohl rrediction 


crackdown by the security 
forces. 

About 60,000 people — 
soldiers, civilians and Islamic 
militants — have been killed 
since the srart of the insur- 
gency, which was started 
after the army canceled le- 
gislative elections in January 


Con tiii ued from Page 1 

the last Russian troops were 
withdrawn in defeat from 
Chechnya, hopes for a -return 
to great power status seemed 


1992 that the Islamic Salva- even dimmer than usual. 


tion Front was poised to win. 

According to France- Info 
radio, the attack Sunday oc- 
curred before dawn in the vil- 


But die plan of the Western 
military alliance to grant 
membership to Moscow’s 
former Communist allies is 


lage of Ben Achour, near Bl- the most tangible reminder of 


Robert Daniell Dies; 
Liberated Nazi Camp 


Malta on Christmas Day. 

Ahmad Shahab of Pakistan said that bun- 


I tali an authorities searching the channel 
between Sicily and Malta said they had 


dreds of migrants were forced from a larger found no sign of a collision. But a Maltese 
ship to a smaller vessel before the collision aimed forces spokesman indicated it was 


ida. No other information was 
immediately available. 

The mountainous Blida re- 
gion has been a prime target 
ror attacks in the five-year- 


how far Russia has declined 
as a mili tary power. The idea 
that countries such as Poland 
and Hungary, which only 10 
years ago were subservient to 


and that he saw his brother drowning. 
“Some were lost at sea,” said the Greek 


very difficult to trace a shipwreck if res- 
cuers did not know its exact position. 


The Associated Press 

LONDON — Robert Dani- 
ell, 95, the British tank com- 
mander Who in 1945 smashed 
open tiie gates of tiie Nazi con-' 
cen [ration camp at Bergen- 
Belsen, Germany, has died. 

Mr. Daniell died on Dec. 


11 in Bury SL Edmunds, ac- Marie Torre, 72, a funner 
cording to published obito- television columnist for The 


Order, retired in l952 and then 5!TfcS?g ^cwtTthe BORDERLANDS: Ifl RuSSld’s Shadow, O SeCUlHy Dilemma 

spent 20 years with the body- bank of Yugoslavia, Dra- "" 

guard of Queen Elizabeth n at goslav Avramovic, widely re- Continued from Page 1 desperate battles against European in- Russia's willing regional panne 

Buclringham Palace. garded as the only politician ” vaders. Ukraine’s independence gave h Lukashenko has granted Russia 

Marip Tnrro 72. T nUrd m the country with a stature investments in such bases, plus its stra- control of Sevastopol even though the on two military bases, and R 

i oco i-kTi r J approaching that of Mr. Mi- tegic needs, give it a right to stay. Russian Black Sea navy remains based troops a role in guarding its horde 

In lyp9 Libel Case losevic ’s. Mr. Avramovic Many Russians, including top polit- there. Ukraine has offered to share the strengthen his authoritarian but 

NEW YORK. (NYT) — was the key figure in stopping ical leaders, argue that Russia should port with the Russians, but Russia de- ically weak government, he hi 


Marie Torre, 72, Jailed 
la 1959 Libel Case 
NEW YORK (NYT) — 


approaching that of Mr. Mi- 
losevic’s. Mr. Avramovic 
was the key figure in stopping 


desperate battles against European in- Russia's willing regional partner. Mr. 
vaders. Ukraine's independence gave it Lukashenko has granted Russia leases 
control of Sevastopol even though the on two military bases, and Russian 


Russian Black Sea navy remains based troops a role in guarding its borders. To 


not announced. 


cause of death was New York Herald Tribune sued a new currency and re- 


hyperinflation in the country take back parts of this zone that have 
in January 1994, when be is- large Russian populations — and they 


He was among the first Al- refusing to disclose a source 
lied witnesses to the horrors of in a libel action, died of lung 


who was jailed in 1959 for gained control 
refusing to disclose a source money supply. 


Bergen-Belsen, where tens of cancer Friday in Monroeville, quires regular i 
thousands of pri so ners, most Pennsylvania. kidney disease,’ 

of them Jews, died of star- Miss Torre served 30 days named as head 
vation, disease and torture. in the Hudson County Jail in sition Zajedno t 

Mr. Daniell was a tieutea- New Jersey, the first reporter he gave up the 
ant colonel commanding the to gain national attention for explanation be 
13th Honourable Artillery going to jail for refusing to elections in the 1 


ed a new currency and re- question the independence of the two 
ined control over the Slavic states, Ukraine and Belarus. As 
aney supply. President Boris Yeltsin has lost pop- 

Mr. Avramovic, who re- ularity, he has made concessions to na- 
ires regular dialysis for a tionafist views, 
toey disease, was originally Russians typically view their country 


cancer Friday in Monroeville, quires regular dialysis for a tionalist views. 

Pennsylvania. kidney disease, was originally Russians typically view their country 

Miss Torre served 10 days named as head of the oppo- as the benevolent “older brother” to 
in tire Hudson County Jail in sition Zajedno coalition. But tbeir neighboring fellow Slavs, and 
New Jersey, the first reporter he gave up the post without share the bewilderment of Tatiana 
to gain national attention for explanation before federal Yinokurovka, a high school teacher in 


13th Honourable Artillery going to jail fen- refusing 
Company, pat of the lltbAr- identify a news source. 

1945. The column was near- Th eor ist on Bird Flight 
ing a German camp when an. NEW YORK (NYT) 
enemy major ran toward it. Heray lincota Yeagley, 97 

Ordered to check out the physicist who developed a ti 
camp. Lieutenant Daniell ray in' 1942 to explain w 


elections in the fall, leading to Tula, south of Moscow. 


speculation that the regime 
had found some way of si- 
lencing him. Beyond saying 
that he was for “democracy 


“It seems very strange that Ukraine 
and Belarus ever chose to become in- 
dependent from us,” Ms. Vmokurovka 
mused in a conversation last summer. 


there. Ukraine has offered to share the strengthen his au 
port with the Russians, but Russia de- ically weak govt 
rnands exclusive basing rights. cniited Russian of 

Russia's upper legislative chamber for- the military and st 
mally ciaunral Sevastopol as “part of Besides militar 
Russia’s territory” and condemned Uk~ other means to pre 
raine for * ‘aiming to tear it away.” Prime Long aftermost ot 
Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin echoed demarcated, Russ 
die sentiment, saying, “Sevastopol’s soil frontiers with Uk 
is packed with Russian bones." states, it has held 

Last month. Russia’s legislature re- treaty that e? 
inforced a similar claim to fee region of Ukraine's soverei, 
Moldova known as Trans-Dniester, call- the validity of IS 
ing it a “zone of special strategic in- Moscow acknowli 
teres t’ ' to Russia. of Estonia and Lai 

The Russian Army for two centuries Beyond each c 
has kept bases in fee area, which takes its fee entire region 


old insurgency despite the Moscow’s orders, could be 
presence of a major military formally linked to NATO has 
base. driven many Russian politi- 

cians to distraction. 

Wife Mr. Yeltsin ill and 
rwi away from the Kremlin, there 

ityiJilemma had been no official who 
J could credibly negotiate wife 

villing regional partner. Mr. the West. Over die next sev- 
:o has granted Russia leases eral months, he will be talking 
rnlitary bases, and Russian wife world leaders again — 
ile in guarding its borders. To traveling, for instance, to fee 
his authoritarian but polit- United States in March — and 
tic government, he has re- be is expected to press them to 
ssian officers for key posts in grant Russia a special secu- 
y and secret police. nty arrangement in return for 

military bases, Moscow has its agreement not to oppose 
is to press states in this region. NATO expansion, 
most other borders have been “We sought a settlement of 


strengthen his authoritarian but polit- United States in March — and 
ically weak government, he has xe- be is expected to press them to 
cruited Russian officers for key posts in grant Russia a special secu- 
fee military and secret police. rity arrangement in return for 

Besides military bases. Moscow has its agreement not to oppose 
other means to press states in this region. NATO expansion. 

Long after most other borders have been ‘ ‘We sought a settlement of 
demarcated. Russia has yet to settle its this issue," Mr. Yeltsin said 
frontiers wife Ukraine and the Baltic through his press secretary 
states. It has held back from signing a after fee meeting Saturday, 
treaty that explicitly recognizes “We agreed to continue dis- 
Ukraine's sovereignty and has rejected cussion in the future on fee 
the validity of 1920 treaties in which theme ‘Russia and NATO.' ” 

^,LlS 0 ^r i,lKS0Vercign,y ® Yeltsin to The Hagne 
Beyond each country’s weak spots. President Yeltsin will go to 
fee entire region faces the proximate The Hague in early February 


name from the river at fee threshold of power of Russia. According to Yuri Kir- in his mst visit to a Western 


NEW YORK (NYT) — and freedom," he made few 
Henry Lincoln Yeagley, 97, a public comments Sunday. 


the Balkans. Russian troops backed a 


“In the end, they won’t be able to live rebellion against Moldova in 1992, 


ilov, a Ukrainian engineer, that is why he 
has decided that his young son should 


without Russia and they’ll rejoin.” founding a pro-Moscow enclave. Russia study both English and Russian, as well 


physicist who developed a the- After blocking traffic on the The strengthening of nationalism in keeps about 6,000 troops there despite a as Ukrainian. ‘This is necessary to give 


camp. Lieutenant Daniell ray in' 1942 to explain why city’s central boulevard, fee 
crashed his tamy through' fee birds could fly great distances demonst ra tors took their era- 
gates and encountered no re- and then return to the precise ditional route, past fee paint- 
sistance from guards. spot they had left, died Dec. 26 spattered building of Belgrade 


“I saw a than go to a door in Stale College. Pennsylvania, 
of a building and lock it,” Mr. Mr. Yeagley concluded feat 


Daniell recalled in an inter- abomingptgeon could, during 
view in 1992. “I shot the lock its flight, sense both the force 
off and found it was fee hos- of Earth's magnetic field and 
pjtaL ft was crammed wife fee force of Earth's rotation, 
tiers of bunks cm which lay - 
starving, sick and helpless 


Mr. Yeagley concluded that trolled newspaper Politika, 
a homing pigeon could, during where drey stopped and jeered. 


boulevard, fee Russia is reflected in senior Russian 
took their era- officials who openly agree. A foreign 
ditional route, past fee paint- policy adviser to Mr. Yeltsin, Dmitri 
spattered building of Belgrade Ryunkov, recently described the “as- 
teJevision and the state-con- serti on of Ukrainian statehood” as “ a 
apex Politika, temporary phenomenon.” 
iped and jeered. Russia has stepped up pressure on 

ns of deafening Ukraineto cede powerin Sevastopol, the 
everyone went Russian-built Crimean naval prat where. 


After two hours of deafening 


1994 agreement to withdraw them, and 
demands that Moldova give it perma- 
nent basing rights. 

To the north, fee presence of Russia is 
less contested. Its Baltic enclave of Ka- 
liningrad remains heavily militarized 
and allows Russia effectively to encircle 
Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. 

Belarus, under pro-Russian President 


him the best chance for a successful 
career." Mr. Kirilov said. 

For both his country and his son, “fee 
future lies in getting closer to the Western 
world," said Mr. Kirilov. “My son 
should learn to speak English. To have 
security, Ukraine must join NATO and 
the European Union. But this cannot be 
our only approach. Russia is a huge 


over centuries, Russian armies fought Alexander Lukashenko, has become power and it will always be next to us." 


country since his heart sur- 
gery last year, a spokesman 
said Sunday, The Associated 
Press reported from Moscow. 

The Kremlin spokesman, 
Igor Bymikov, did not give an 
exact dale for the journey, but 
said it would take place early 
next month. 

Mr. Yeltsin will travel to 
Germany in April to accept fee 
German Media Prize, the pres- 
idential spokesman Sergei 
Yastrzhembsky said Saturday. 


NUCLEAR; Host of Issues Impedes ZJ.S. Effort to Get Moscow to Remove Fuel From Georgia 


Then I heard shots and 11 U LLLi/ilU HUS l UJ 
found cfepses of prisoners 

who were shot by fee guards Continued from Page 1 

as they tried to get over fee 

wire when they heard our Ukraine, the reactor was closed fra safety 


Daring the Soviet era, Georgia peri- 
odically sent its spent fuel to a Russian 
nuclear center at Chelyabinsk in the Ural 


guns advancing. 

“There were Hitler Youth 
shooting' prisoners so they 
would due in agony. I was so 
disgusted I shot the guards 
wife the last four rounds I had. 
They were the scum of the 
earth, horrible.” 

His unit did not linger at the 
camp, which still held more 
than 60,000 prisoners when it 
was officially liberated three 
days later. 

In fee first five days of lib- 
eration, 14,000 prisoners 
died, and 14,000 others died 
in the following weeks. 

Mr. Daniell, who was a war- 


improvements. The temporary shutdown mountains of Siberia. The last trainload — 


became permanent after local environ- 
mentalists complained and fee Soviet Uni- 
on collapsed, trt the shutdown left Georgia 
wife a troubling legacy. 

Like other reactors of its generation, 
Georgia’s reactor used highly enriched 
uranium, a tempting target fra would-be 
nuclear powers or terrorists hoping to build 
a bomb. Even the reactor's spent fuel. 


44 rod-shaped pieces of spent fuel — left 
for fee center in March 1991. 

Five rod-shaped pieces containing spent 
fuel could not be accommodated on fee train 
and were left in fee reactor’s cooling pond. It 


That still left Georgia wife about 95 
pounds of highly enriched uranium and the 
nearly 2 pounds of spent fuel. 

One American official said fee material 
left in Georgia, while substantial, would 
not be enough to make a bomb. But some 
private specialists said a proficient sci- 
entist could use it to do so. 

In January 1996, specialists ai the U.S. 


seemed a minor complication at the time, but Energy Department sent fee White House a 


it would emerge as a major headache. 

A few months later, the Soviet Union 


classified letter 


proposing 

Strike a deal wife the Georgians and move 


a simple solution: 


technology to handle such radioactive material, of- 
ficials said fee Ifcpaitment of B»gy was afraid that 
accepting the spent fuel would mean facing protests 
and lawsuits from environmentalists. 

There were also foreign-policy con- 
cerns. Tie Slate Department and fee White 
House, wife an eye on the broader re- 
lationship with the Russians, argued that 
Moscow should be given fee chance to 
resolve the problem itself. By the spring of 
last year, American officials decided to ask 
Russia to accept all of the spent fuel and 


collapsed, leaving the institute wife fee five the highly enriched uranium to the United enriched uranium. Under fee arrangement. 


0,000 prisoners when it which was stored in a cooling pond, posed rods, or nearly 2 pounds (900 grams) of spent States. There is a successful precedent for the United States would pay Georgia about 

ffichdfy liberated three a danger, because such material can be fuel, and, more worrisome, an additional 22 such a move. 1994 the United States had $100,000 for fee material — its market 

iwr refined into bomb ingredients. pounds of highly enriched uranium. carried out “Operation Sapphire,” hauling value, American officials calculated. 


a danger, because such material can be 
refined into bomb ingredients. 

The physics institute has never had any Georgia fell into civil war, and after fee more than half a ton of bomb-grade uranium 
detire to retain the nuclear material, its fighting eased by 1994, the institute began from Kazakstan to fee nuclear complex at 
director, Giragi Kharadze, said. again to whittle down its supply. It sent Oak Ridge. Tennessee. 

Bat Mr. Kharadze said economic col- about 11 pounds of highly enriched urani- The Energy Department's proposal left unre- 
lapse had forced Georgia to seek outside urn to Uzbekistan, which has a similar solved the issue of what to do with Georgia's spent 


pounds of highly enriched 
Georgia fell into civil \ 


ded the Distmguished Service help in disposing of the uranium. 


reactor, in 1995. 


reactor fuel. Although the United States has the 


But in early summer, U.S. officials re- 
ceived indications that the Russians were 
not so eager to tackle the problem. Because 
of what Moscow described as a mix-up, 
Russian officials did not show up ata three- 
way meeting in TbilisL 


Papal Visit to Cuba 
Set for January 5 98 

New York Times Service 

ROME — Pope John Paul H’s trip 
to Cuba, in fee works for several 
months, has at last acquired its miss- 
ing key element: a firm dale, now set 
for late January 1998, a senior Vatican 
official has confirmed. 

Although several months later than 
originally expected, the importance of 
the fixed dale goes beyond a mere 
planning detail. It means that the Vat- 
ican has been able to pin down Pres- 
ident Fidel Castro on an invitation feat 
Cuba issued several times, but never 
on terms acceptable ro fee Pope. 

The official announcement from 
the Vatican on Saturday gave no de- 
tails on the trip. But diplomats assume 
fee Vatican bas been reassured that the 
visit will occur wife few restrictions. 


GINGRICH; Lack of Competition Should Aid Speaker’s Cause SKATE; Europe 9 s Freeze Revives 125-Mile Dutch Marathon on Ice 


eJ p “ 


Continued from Page 1 

legislation, passed into law. 
Representative Henry Bonilla 
of Texas, elected in fee 
takeover year of-1994, part it 
this way: 

“All of ns understand he 
was the visionary behind our 
winning our majority in ’94. 
He does clearly nave an 
agenda feat we afi believe in. 
He’s truly an outs tanding 
CEO. When you put all those 
aspects together, it would 
take a lot to say because fee 
CEO fumbles the ball on one 
play feat we ought fe.take him 
out of the game. 

“We’re looking at fee big 
picture. He's avtskmary, raid 
we just believe in him so 
stmagtyS' . 

Another conservative 
sophomore. Representative 
John Shadeg* of Arizona, 
pointed to fee speaker's lead- 
ership style. . . 


“Part of his political ap- 
peal is he recognizes how to 
build a coalition wife an ex- 
isting group.” Mr. Shadegg 
said. “The Republicans in fee 
House span a philosophical 
band from very conservative 
to very moderate, and Newt 
listens W all those views and 
tries to find common 
ground.” 

With a majority of just 19 
votes. Republicans must unite 
to get anything done. 

The argument made by Mr. 

Shadegg comes even more 
strongly from party moder- 
ates, who say the speaker 
pays more attention to them 
than Mr. Armey or any other 
possible successor would. 

Representative Sherwood 
BoehJert of New York, a lead- 
ing Republican environmenl- 
atik said: “I think be is a 
very effective leader. I thM 
he is an inspired leader. The 
greatest ability among many 


great abilities Gingrich bas is 
the ability to listen.” 

He cited the speaker's ef- 
forts to change the direction of 
Republican moves on the en- 
vironment and to accommod- 
ate moderate concerns about 
cuts in education and low-in- 
come energy assistance. 

‘ ‘The pomt is you can go to 
Gingrich,” Mr- Boehlert said. 
“He will listen. He will not 
always agree. When he does, 
he will develop a strategy feat 
will allow ns all to go for- 
ward. ’’ 

An aide to a Northeast Re- 
publican who bas been con- 
cerned about the ethics issues 
but supports the speaker 


“Newt is fee most mod- 
erate guy. in fee leadership,” 
said fee aide. “That's fee guy 
we want as speaker. He 
helped us get fee minimum- 
wage bill through. We don’t 
want to negotiate that wife 


Armey or DeLay. Newr’s 
more moderate, so feat's bet- 
ter for a district like ours.” 

The aide’s guess about 
how it would be to deal wife 
Mr. Armey, the heir apparent, 
or Mr. DeLay is based on their 
ideological rigidity. It might 
prove to be a very bad guess. 

But the fact is that fee Re- 
publicans have been leading 
fee House for only two years, 
so it is not possible for mem- 
bers to judge how their col- 
leagues have developed. 

An important factor is feat 
Republicans feel they owe Mr. 
Gingrich something feat 
Democrats never felt they 
owed Mr. Wright power. Tim 
Wright inherited Democratic 
control; be did not bring it 
about 

It is feat debt to Mr. Gin- 
grich, far more than fee 
money be raises for them, that 
Republicans ponder as they 
consider what to do Tuesday. 


Continued from Page 1 

racing from town to town along narrow 
Dutch roads. 

To a speed-skating devotee like Irene 
Postma, fee tour lets her escape the 1990s 
and dwell briefly in a timeless Holland. 

“It’s something we’ve been doing 
forever.” she said. Although fee Elf- 
stedentocht was first skated in 1909, vari- 
ants have been around almost ever since 
fee Dutch attached a blade to a shoe — 
though not wife fee cellular phones that 
today allow some skaters to commu- 
nicate wife their coaches and friends. 

The race is also a skating purist’s ideal 
test of skilL “There's a world champion 
every year, but this is more heroic.” Ms. 
Postma said. “If you can win an die 
natural ice, andintHe dark, and be fee first 
of 16,000, that would mean much more 
than being the world champion, beating 
25 people on artificial ice, wife perfect 
conditions, going round and round.” 

Among fee 261 men and 45 women 
uncaged m fee first professional wave at 
5:30 AM. Saturday were some top- 
ranked speed skaters and past Olympic 


medalists and world champions. Most 
were natives of this monarchy of 15 mil- 
lion. though anyone may enter. 

The first to cross fee finish line, after 6 
hours 49 minutes, was a local sprout 
farmer. Henk Angenent, 29, who called 
this the greatest day of his life. Kiasina 
Seinstra. 28, was the women's winner in 
7 hours 49 minutes. 

The prize for winning is a simple 
medal and a place in Dutch history. Past 
leaders of the pack have even been 
known to hold hands and cross the finish 
line together. The last winner (in 1986 
and 1985), Evert van Benthem. whose 
name is known to millions of people, is 
still the dairy fanner he was then. His 
younger brother, Henk. finished fourth. 

But for fee huge majority of fee 
1 6372 registered to skate — thousands 
more would have if officials worried 
about stressing the ice had not limited 
participation — fee tour is just that A 
chance to skate through the postcard 
country of windmills and water gates 
and tidy little bridges and dwellings, and 
make it to the end. The last stragglers 
come in around midnight. 


The Elf sieden tochters make two kinds 
of memorable noise: the rhythmic slip- 
ping and scraping of long blades on 
rough ice, and fee clomping thunder of 
fee klanen. The kJunen are fee 14 places 
on die course where a bridge over a canal 
is too low or the ice is too tiiiiL All skaters 
have to trundle in their skates across 
loose boards around the obstacle. 

The tour is the pride of Friesland, the 
only part of Netherlands wife a recog- 
nized minority language, considered an 
ancient cousin of English. It is spoken by 
60 percent of the local inhabitants. 

what makes fee tour extraordinary 
among sporting events is its spontaneity. 
All of die Netherlands every winter an- 
ticipates its announcement whenever fee 
weather turns bitterly cold. 

The uncertainty also holds heartbreak 
for those who train every year for an event 
that might not happen and seldom does. 

Has a Dutch person been known to 
wager on fee outcome? 

“That’s something that’s not in our 
veins,” said Sjoerd Cuperus, one of the 
thousands of volunteers working on the 
race. “Horses, maybe. Skaters, no.” 






EDITORIALS /OPINION 


lleralb 


CNTERNATIOiNAL 

■sr^iW 



Sribunc 


n>B).LVHFJ> wmi THE NEW ICWK TIMES 4XB THE ff/tSHINCTO* POST 


Smart Cuba Policy 


President Bill Clinton has done 
something deft and potentially effec- 
tive in dealing with Cuba. A year ago 
the administration was in disarray. 
Senator Jesse Helms was forcing it to 
toughen the longtime American em- 
bargo in a way that widened the gap 
between Washington and its principal 
allies and trading partners and granted 
fidel Castro the twin role of aggrieved 
nationalist and David to the American 
Goliath. But now Mr. Clinton has 
brought to the from of his policy an 
emphasis on democracy and human 
rights that narrows the Atlantic gap and 
isolates not him as an embargo tight- 
ener but Mr. Castro as a democracy and 
human rights laggard. This is the way it 
should have been all along. 

The lever that moved Cuba policy 
was the Helms-B urton AcL and par- 
ticularly its provision (Title OJ) to pun- 
ish others “ trafficking' ' in Cuban-ex- 
propriated properly. "Europeans and 
Canadians understandably identified 
this as a retreat from U.S. free trade 
obligations. Latins saw it as well as a 
fresh dollop of American unilateralism. 
Mr. Castro snorted in cynical glee. 

Mr. Cl inton dispatched Undersec- 
retary of Commerce Stuart EizensiaL 
previously his European trade oper- 
ative. to let the Europeans vent on 
Helms-Burtcn and then to rally Euro- 
pean governments, business and non- 
governmental organizations around an 
energetic program to promote demo- 
cracy in Cuba It helped that Spain, to 
which other Europeans defer on this 


matter, bad a new conservative prime 
minister, and that Ireland owed Pres- 
ident Clinton on Northern Ireland. The 
crowning achievement was to prod the 
European Union 10 look beyond com- 
merce and to accept a binding oblig- 
ation to condition Europe’s economic 
concessions on Havana's progress on 
human rights and democracy at every 
stage. This was presented to the Euro- 
peans as a bow not to Senator Helms but 
to Europe’s own democratic heritage. 

Europe remains cool to Helms-Bur- 
ton. But it has let the core of the debate 
turn from contention over embargo 
terms — an alliance splitter for Wash- 
ington — to a winning issue of principle 
on which Europe staruis with the United 
States. This permitted Mr. Clinton on 
Friday to take the law’s option to sus- 
pend for six more months the offensive 
but usable-for-bargaining Title HL 

And what will the new policy do for 
political rights in Cuba? The American 
embargo is still on. But the trade, in- 
vestment and aid that Europe will con- 
tinue will be conditioned on a Cuban 
political easing and will be directed to 
private rather than official usages. His 
38-year tenure suggests that Mr. 
Castro is more easily poked than 
moved. At the least he will be less able 
to play Europeans and other Latins 
against Washington. One can say that 
democratic change will come even- 
tually to Cuba, as it has to most of the 
ocher Communist dictatorships, but it 
is harder to say just when. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Foul Latin Prisons 


The Peruvian guerrillas occupying 
the Japanese ambassador’s residence 
have, among ocher things, demanded 
better conditions for their imprisoned 
colleagues. Although the method they 
chose to make the point is deplorable, 
their diagnosis of prison life in Peru is 
on the mark. Peru makes serving time 
particularly harsh for the T upac Amaru 
guerrillas and others convicted of 
political crimes. But common crim- 
inals throughout Latin America endure 
scandalous conditions. 

Walking through a prison in Peru is 
like stepping into a Hieronymus Bosch 
triptych of hell. Spittle rains down 
from the third-floor cells. Prisoners 
stick their anns and legs through the 
bars and beg by lowering bowls on 
strings. Inside the cells, the floors are 
covered with slime and filth. Men are 
crammed into the cells, sitting on the 
floor or on concrete bunk beds with no 
mattresses. 

Most of the inhabitants of these me- 
dieval bedlams should not be in prison 
to begin with, for they have not yet 
been tried. Some languish for years, 
only to be found innocent or given no 
sentence. In Honduras and Uruguay, 
according to the Prison Project of Hu- 
man Rights Watch. 90 percent of pris- 
oners are awaiting trial. 

Guards do not keep order, prison 

f angs do. Drug abuse is rampant. 

ome prisons do not even feed pris- 
oners. In others the food is meager and 
barely edible. Prisoners without fam- 
ilies to bring them food earn their 
meals by working as slaves or pros- 


titutes for other prisoners. Many pris- 
ons have no medical care. In Peru. 
Brazil and. most recently, Venezuela, 
government officials have put down 
disturbances by massacring prisoners. 

Although governments claim they 
cannot afford to put more money into 
prisons, the real problem is that they do 
not want to. The prisons in Venezuela. 
Latin America's richest nation, are 
among the continent's most violent 
and squalid. But prisons that hold 
white-collar criminals, military men or 
wealthy drug traffickers are comfort- 
able places. One in Colombia was 
nicknamed the Sheraton. Most prisons 
are neglected because ordinary pris- 
oners tend to be poor, with no political 
influence. The only advocates for re- 
form are a few dogged human rights 
and religious groups. 

The low status of prisoners is also a 
function of Latin America’s neglect of 
its courts. Many prisoners have no 
lawyers. Rising crime rates have led to 
overcrowding and heavier loads for 
judges, whose cases back up for years. 
Prison guards receive little training and 
low salaries, encouraging corruption. 

The steps governments must take to 
humanize their prisons are no mystery. 
They include tetter facilities, profes- 
sional. decently paid guards ana crack- 
downs on corruption and other abuses. 
More money is needed for food, doc- 
tors and education and work programs. 
Most important, responsible officials 
have to build legal systems in which 
even the poor can get real justice. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Terrorism by Mail 


Responsible citizen cooperation and 
alert police work prevented tragedy on 
Thursday when five letter bombs ad- 
dressed to the Washington office of 
an Arabie-language newspaper were 
safely defused or exploded. Two sim- 
ilar bombs (.and a third found later), 
sent to a ‘ ‘parole office' ’ at the Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, federal prison, where 
one of the World Trade Center bombers 
sits, also were disarmed A Washington 
correspondent for the London-based A1 
Hayax newspaper thought something 
was fishy about some bulging ' ‘Christ- 
mas cards” and called National Press 
Building security guards. The police 
followed up, and" no one was hurt. 

Since there has been such a pre- 
mature rush to judgment on the subject 
in terrorism episodes before, everyone 
needs to be restrained about this one 
and not get ahead of the evidence. But 
the addressee and the fact that all eight 
letter bombs finally collected bore 
postmarks from Alexandria. Egypt, 
give an undeniable Middle Eastern cast 
to this so far unexplained plot. 

In addition, there is the distinctive 
nature of A1 Hayar. Owned by a mem- 
ber of Saudi Arabia's ruling royal fam- 
ily fa brother of the Washington am- 
bassador), the paper is known in the 


Arab world for its relative indepen- 
dence. its detachment from any single 
national or ideological cause and its 
openness to views across the spectrum, 
including views 3t the extremist end. ft 
circulates in Arab places where a sim- 
ilar homegrown paper would be barred, 
and in the West. Its attention to prac- 
tically every subject except the royal 
family has made it a rare respected Arab 
newspaper — and now, it appears, a 
target of one or another terrorist source 
that has been written up in its pages. 

To those of us — that means prac- 
tically all of us — who routinely use 
the mails, letter bombs must seem an 
especially abominable, cowardly and 
unfair instrument of terrorist ven- 
geance. When the target is a news- 
paper, then the threshold of menace is 
raised from the individual who hap- 
pens to open the fatal envelope to the 
whole possibility of having an inde- 
pendent press. On the health of the 
independent media, in turn, rests the 
prospect for peaceful change and an 
open society. That is why others must 
hope that the owners, editors and re- 
porters of AI Hayat shake off this at- 
tack and proceed with due caution to 
keep at their valuable work. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 



EST.ABUSHED f«7 

KATHARINE GRAHAM, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

Cc-Chairmen 

Katharine p. darrow. kc# chairman 

RICHARD Me CLEAN, Publisher & Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER, Executive Editor 


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A Fateful Moment in Arah-Israeli Diplomacy 

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EW YORK — This is a moment of 
real import in Arab-Israeli dip- 
lomacy. The talks between Israelis and 
Palestinians are poised for either a de- 
cision that will have a huge impact on 
their relations, or for disintegration that 
will have a huge impact on the region. 

President Bill Clinton, pay arremion. 
The Israeli -Palestinian deal over 
Hebron was supposed to be just one 
incremental step on the road to final 
negotiations. But instead it is turning 
into a mini-version of the final ne- 
gotiations. with the stability of the 
whole region and the Israeli political 
alignment in the balance. 

Put simply. Benjamin Netanyahu is 
afraid of where the Hebron deal is going 
to take him, which is closer to a Pal- 
estinian state, and Yasser Arafat is 
afraid Hebron won't take him where he 
wants to go. which is closer to a Pal- 
estinian state. So each man is trying to 
cram into Hebron assurances about 
what will and will not come after 
Hebron by way of further Israeli re- 
deployments on the West Bank, and that 
is where the deal has become stuck. 

Both men have good reason to be 
worried. Mr. Netanyahu is worried be- 
cause he now has a much better grasp of 
how deeply rooted the Oslo process is. 

When die right wing was out of 
power in Israel, it got to pretend that 


Bv Thomas L. Friedman 


Oslo didn't exist. But since his election 
Mr. Netanyahu, and at least some of his 
ministers, have come to understand the 
degree to which Oslo has become cen- 
tral to Israel’s integration in the region 
and the world, the degree to which the 
Israeli silent majority is ready to go 
along with it, provided Oslo’s security 
provisions are implemented, and the 
degree to which Oslo has become part 
of the Middle East landscape and can 
be aborted only at a price most Israelis 
do not want to pay. 

So Mr. Netanyahu's willingness to 
withdraw from Hebron, in accordance 
with Oslo, is not some favor to Amer- 
ica. It is the rational (bur grudging) act 
of a politician who understands where 
die majority of his people want to go. 

Mr. Netanyahu knows that about 
half of Israelis, those on the left who 
voted Labor, already embrace Oslo and 
accept any Hebron deal. Another 25 
percent — the security hawks to the 
right of center — voted for him because 
they wanted a better Oslo, with 
stronger security, and he has satisfied 
them. He knows that the remainder, 
those on the far religious and nation- 
alist righL voted for him to oppose 
Oslo, and those he has disappointed. 


Last week the Israeli pollster Hanoch 
Smith asked Israelis, ‘ ‘Are you in favor 
of continuing the peace process? Sev- 
enty-five percent said “yes.” Therein 
lies Mr. Netanyahu’s problem. 

While a majority are behind him m 
doing this Hebron deal, many of them 
come from the opposition Labor Party, 
and thus their views and their weight 
are not reflected in his cabineL 

His cabinet reflects only the views of 
those on the right who voted for him , and 
they are divided. Some support wbat he 
is doing in Hebron; others think he is 
selling diem and their ideology out. 

Mr. Netanyahu is trying to overcome 
the problem by saying: I'll withdraw 
from Hebron to satisfy the majority that 
wants the peace process to continue, 
but I won't conunir to all the further 
redeployments in the West Bank after 
Hebron that might lead to a Palestinian 
state, to satisfy my ideology. He wants 
to be half-pregnant. 

If Mr. Arafat were smart, he would 
let Netanyahu be half-pregnant and sign 
the Hebron deal now. Here is why. 

Soon after any Hebron deal, the Jew- 
ish right will split. Some will go to the 
barricades, but others will slowly draw 
the conclusion that important Jewish 
conservatives, such as Henry Kissing- 
er, have already drawn: A Palestinian 
state of some kind in the West Bank and 


Gaza is inevitable, and a smart con- 
servative leadership in Israel would 
recognize dial reality and develop a 
conservative approach to such a state 
that would shape it in ways most con- 
ducive to Israel 's security. 

The latest polls show that 45 percent 
of Israelis already accept a Palestinian 
stale, and that is without Labor or 
Likud ever having endorsed the idea. 

Mr. Arafat’s mistake is thinking that 
Mr. Netanyahu is acting under external 
pressure, and thus is vulnerable to more 
Palestinian demands. Wrong. Mr. Net- 
anyahu has come as far as he has be- 
cause he is acting under internal pres- 
sure from an Israeli silent majority that 
wants to see Oslo continued — because 
it wants separation with security from 
the Palestinians, and integration with 
prosperity with die world. 

The swift cooperation between Israeli 
and Palestinian security services to pre- 
vent a blowup in Hebron after the shoot- 
ing rampage by an Israeli fanatic is just 
what Israel's silent majority wants. If 
Mr. Arafat can guarantee real security 
like that, day by day, he will constantly 
have Mr. Netanyahu under pressure to 
take Oslo to its logical conclusion. 

If he can't, no amount of promises 
written into the Hebron deal will get the 
Palestinians where they want to go. 

The New York Times. 


i.l 


In Democracy’s Division of Labor, Journalism Isn’t Politics 


By David S. Broder 


W ASHINGTON — This 
column is a bit unusual. It 
is not provoked by a politician 
or public official bur by a fellow 
columnist. William Satire of 
The New York Times, a likable 
and learned man with a won- 
derful flair to his writing. 

He has placed himself at the 
intersection of two disturbing 
trends, and his column (IHT 
Opinion. Dec. 27) urging House 
Speaker Newt Gingrich to step 
down illustrates a confusion 
about roles and responsibilities 
that is a danger to democracy. 

Mr. Satire is part of the trend 
for people to achieve prominent 
places in journalism not by 
working their way up from 
routine beats to more respon- 
sible tasks in the newsroom but 
instead by vaulting the wall 
from politics and government. 

He was not the first but since 
he moved directly from speech 
writing and flackery for 
Richard Nixon and Spiro Ag- 
new onto the op-ed page of The 
Times, dozens of others have 


followed his route and tried to 
eroulaie his success. 

You can see them opining 
away on the weekend television 
talk shows, their partisanship 
often on display. George 
Stephanopoulos, late of the 
Clinton White House, is the 
latest recruit, but others from 
the staffs of Ronald Reagan. 
George Bush. Dan Quayle. 
Jimmy Carter. Mario Cuomo, 
Pat Robertson and Tip O’Neill 
are regularly on display. 

They carry over from their 
former roles as political con- 
siglieri the habit of giving ad- 
vice to politicians. Thus, Mr. 
Satire moved quickly beyond 
his judgment on Mr. Gingrich’s 
acnons (“wrong, even if not 
unlawful''; to his advice on 
how to cope with the situation. 

A journalist has no business 
advising a politician — a fact 
that an earlier transplant, 
George F. Will, famously for- 
got when he coached Ronald 


Reagan for his debate in the 
1980 campaign. But when Mr. 
Gingrich called Mr. Satire for 
advice, Mr. Satire tells us, he 
told the speaker that he should 
step down. 

This brand of punditry feeds 
a second, more consequential 
trend, the tendency to reduce 
every issue to public referen- 
dum, ignoring the special re- 
sponsibilities that elected offi- 
cials hold in a republic like ours. 
It feeds the growing distortion 
of democracy identified by the 
British political scientist An- 
thony King in an important ar- 
ticle in the current issue of The 
Atlantic. 

The now dominant concept of 
democracy in America, Mr. 
King writes, “might be called 
the ‘agency’ view that those in 
office ought to execute the 
wishes of the majority. 

The alternative concept, now 
derided bene, he says, is “the 
division of labor” that requires 


those in office to apply their 
best judgment to the problems 
at hand, knowing that they will 
be held accountable for their 
work at the next election. 

If Americans recognized the 
proper division of labor be- 
tween the elected and the gov- 
erned, we would acknowledge 
that while the choice of a speak- 
er and the judgment on Mr. Gin- 
grich's ethics may affect the 
public indirectly, they are es- 
sentially internal matters that 
are. in the first instance, the 
responsibility of the House. 

The people do not elect the 
speaker in the way we elect our 
legislators or presidents, nor do 
we decide the disciplinary mea- 
sures to be applied to any mem- 
ber of the House. 

The House must take that re- 
sponsibility. That it takes its 
duty seriously is proved by the 
severely critical report on Mr. 
Gingrich issued unanimously 
by the two Democrats and two 
Republicans who make up the 
ethics subcommittee. 


Soon that report will go to the 
full House, where each and 
every member will be held ac- 
countable for his or her part of 
the collective judgment on the 
appropriate punishment for the 
rule-breaking that Mr. Gingrich 
has acknowledged, just as each 
member will be accountable for 
this Tuesday's vote on re-elect- 
ing Mr. Gingrich as speaker. 

More and more of the prom- 
inent figures in journalism dis- 
play the mind-sets and play the 
roles of partisan advisers more 
appropriate to the political 
world from which they came./** 
while flouting the values of de- 
tachment, skepticism and cau- 
tion about leaps of judgment 
that are vital to the craft they 
have joined. And fewer and 
fewer opinion-makers accept 
the notion that those in gov- 
ernment have responsibilities 
beyond doing what the public 
(or the pundits) want 

Both journalism and politics 
are subverted by these trends. 

The Washington Post. 


Washington Is Looking More Shame-Resistant Than Usual 


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By Jim Hoagland 


W ASHINGTON — Atop 
my list of those who merit 
a happier and healthier new 
year sits Vaclav Havel, now 
convalescing from lung cancer 
surgery in Prague. He starts 
1997 with an act of leadership 
that other eminent politicians 
on my list should ponder over 
the coming 12 months. 

A chain-smoker for too many 
of his 60 years, the Czech pres- 
ident has declared his office a 
smoke-free environment If he 
ever again reaches for a coffin 
nail at work, he will have to 
endure the humiliation of 
breaking his word in front of 
staff or official guests. 

Mr. Havel follows in the 
leadership tradition of Charles 
de Gaulle, who once explained 
that he found it simple to quit 
smoking: All you have to do. he 


explained to a friend, is tell your 
wife and your chief of staff that 
you have quit smoking. 

The differences between the 
two men are enormous. But 
their conscious use of the shame 
factor to give up a treasured but 
dangerous habit seems to have a 
common source: concern about 
the opinion that associates or 
loved ones hold of the great 
one’s dignity and truthfulness. 

Imagine if that standard had 
teen employed by Bill Clinton 
(who can hardly expect a better 
year than 1996) and Newt Gin- 
grich (for whom a better 1997 
would be a relief). These two 
Southern politicians estab- 
lished in 1996 that they share 
many characteristics, including 
an insistent expectation that 


they will be forgiven by their 
staff and supporters — 
whatever they admit to. 

So what else is new in pol- 
itics? You are right, dear reader. 
The difference that these two 
bring to the Washington reflex 
of demanding unstinting and 
unexamining loyalty is in de- 
gree rather than in land. 

But what a degree. Mr. Clin- 
ton does not blush as he be- 
latedly explains that letting a 
Chinese arms dealer purchase 
access to the White House 
through a friendly campaign 
contributor may have been a 
bureaucratic oversight by his 
staff, and has his press secretary 
justify as business as usual the 
renting out of the Lincoln Bed- 
room to Wall Street investment 


No, Old Africa Wasn’t an Eden 


N EW YORK — Given the 
right temptations, peoples 
are capable of almost any- 
thing. Historians tell us that 
black Africans sold slaves to 
the West, and that free blacks 
throughout early America 
bought and owned them. 

Imagine a different history, 
with Africans as the primary 
slavers and Europeans as the 
slaves. The trade would have 
teen just as brutal, given the 
ferocity of African warrior 
kings in previous centuries 
and the episodes of genocide 
that Africa suffers today. 

Many Americans who de- 
scribe themselves as “.Afro- 
centric’ ’ admit to no such pos- 
sibility. For them the African 
past is Eden, an infinite source 
of wisdom about everything 
from psychiatry to business, 
politics and education. 

The desire to reclaim the 
black past is understandable, 
given that it has been system- 
atically undervalued. Main- 
stream scholars have done a 
marvelous job of redressing the 
balance. But uncritical worship 
of the African past has flour- 
ished despite them, spawning 
ideas that are as racist and lim- 
iting a$ those the Afro-centrists 
set out id counter. 

The most recent example is 
the decision of the Oakland. 
California, Board of Educa- 
tion to declare inner-city 
broken English an “African" 
language that warrants respect 
in the classroom. 

The Afro-centric enterprise 


By Brent Staples 

ranges from the admirable to 
the innocuous to the clearly 
sinister. As the essayist Ger- 
ald Early writes in this 
month's Harper’s magazine, 
“the creation of this past has 
in recent years become an all- 
consuming preoccupation.” 
resulting in a “delusional 
dogma” that tends toward 
claims of racial superiority. 

The description fits Profes- 
sor Leonard Jeffries of City 
College in New York, who 
taught a climate-based theory 
of racial identity in which Af- 
ricans were cast as “sun 
people” who were “com- 
munal, cooperative and col- 
lective.” while Europeans 
were scorned as “ice people” 
who thrive on brutality and 
destruction. 

Some education consultants 
preach a milder form of this 
gospel, arguing that black chil- 
dren have different “learning 
styles.” requiring different 
and. of course. "African” 
methods of instruction. 

Cloistered academics aug- 
ment these absurd claims by 
arguing that street English is 
structurally similar to West 
African tongues. The Oakland 
board fell victim to this think- 
ing when it decreed that 
broken, inner-city English is a 
distinct language, and called 
for recognizing “West and 
Niger-Congo African lan- 
guage systems.” 


Inner-city black children do 
not fail because of African 
“language systems” but be- 
cause their families and com- 
munities often devalue study 
and academic achievement 

They fail for the same rea- 
sons many of them speak so 
poorly — because standard- 
English speakers have fled to 
the suburbs, taking middle- 
class norms with them. 

They foil because many of 
their schools Yiew them as lin- 
ed ucable and shunt them into 
special education — a prob- 
lem that is particularly pro- 
nounced in Oakland. 

Defining broken English as 
“black English” is particu- 
larly galling, given that black 
poets, writers and musicians 
have made eloquent contribu- 
tions to the culture for at least 
200 years. Gospel, blues and 
jazz, to name just three forms, 
have swept beyond national 
borders and become important 
on the world stage as well. 

To equate degraded English 
with Frederick Douglass's 
speeches. Mahalia Jackson's 
gospel or Duke Ellington's 
suites is beyond absurd. 

Oakland's school board 
president defended the vote by 
referring to broken urban Eng- 
lish as “a genetically based 
language structure" — a line to 
make eugenidsts jump fa* joy. 
Driven by different motiva- 
tions, fringe Afro-centrists and 
traditional racists have arrived 
at the same point of view. 

The New York Times. 


bankers for hog-choking bun- 
dles of campaign cash. 

At moments like those, the 
White House seems to have 
been declared a shame-free 
zone, as well as a smoke-free 
one. (The decision on a smoke- 
free White House, by the way, is 
attributed not to the president 
but to Mrs. Clinton as a health 
precaution.) 

I don’t intend to recycle the 
psychobabble that inundated 
the nation at the start of Pres- 
ident Clinton’s first term. But 
it is hard to identify those at 
the White House who could 
play the role of de Gaulle's 
chief of staff, of shaming the 
leader with a silent but with- 
ering stare of disapproval for 
going back on his word. 

Aides or even friends with 
unforgiving demeanors (I have 
in mind John Deutch, the out- 
oing head of the CLA. or his 
umped predecessor, R. James 
Woolsey) do not seem to 
prosper under this president 

The possible exception — at 
least before Bhuddist temple 
fund-raising entered the picture 
— would be Vice President Al 
Gore, who will be busy with his 
own knitting in 1997. He will be 
knitting the challenging indi- 
vidual foreign policy assign- 
ments that Mr. Clinton has giv- 
en him into a thematic whole, to 
serve as a base for his own 
presidential campaign in 2000. 

In a few weeks Mr. Gore will 
welcome Russian Prime Min- 
ister Viktor Chernomyrdin (who 


outlasted his rivals and Boris 
Yeltsin's temper in 2996) to 
Washington for a semiannual 
mini-summit of the No. 2s. 

Mr. Gore then flies off to 
South Africa for a similar con- 
fab with Vice President Thabo 
Mteld (who also unobtrusively 
consolidated bis claim on the 
political future daring the past 
year) and later goes to Beijing 
for the unenviable task of meet- 
ing Chinese Prime Minister Li 
Peng, tiie architect of the June 
1989 massacre of pro-demo- 
cracy demonstrators. 

Mr. U could make 1997 a 
better year for Mr. Gore, and the 
rest of the world, by finally ad- 
mitting to his enormous crime 
and stepping down before the 
Gore meeting, or at least by the 
July takeover of Hong Kong. 
There is more hope for die 
second possibility (that he will 
step down) than for the first. 

It will be a better new year 
either for British Prime Min- 
ister John Major or Labor leader 
Tony Blair, but not for both. 
One will beat the other in a 
mercifully short campaign not 
totally subservient to money 
and die television commercial 
time it can buy. 

The British still have a healthy 
shame about the role of those 
two commodities in politics. But" 
on this side of the Atlantic, 
shame and politics seem to be 
traveling on increasingly diver- 
gent roads. Faith in one seems to 


require giving up the other. 

The Washington Post. 

IN OUR PAGES; 100. 75AND 50 YEARS ACT) 



1897; Spanish Victory 

HAVANA — In the province of 
Pinar del Rio the Alsina 
columns in the mo untains of 
Brujito defeated a column of 
insurgents who lost nine killed 
and many wounded. The Span- 
iards rescued 205 prisoners who 
were in the power of the in- 
surants. The divisions of gen- 
erals Melquizo and Velasco 
have seized a large number of 
horses and guns and a quantity 
of ammunition while scouring 
the hills in Pinar del Rio. Two 
hundred insurgents surrendered 
and five hundred families 
placed themselves under Span- 
ish protection. 

1922: Curie Polemic 

PARIS — Several seats are at 
present vacant in the Academy 
of Medicine, and there are sev- 
eral names on the lips of die 
members as candidates to fill 
them. One is no other than that 


of Mme. Curie, about whose 
rumored candidature there is 
much gossip. The crux of the 
discussion is the admissibility 
of a woman to membership. 
Though there are no clauses in 
the constitution and bylaws pro- 
hibiting the admission of a wo- 
man into the body, tradition is 
strongly set against it The 'Cur- 
ists.* however, wish tradition to 
be thrown to the dogs and plead 
for a consideration of the act- 
ual merits of the eminent dis- 
coverer of radium. 

1947: Oil War ning 

LONDON — America's grow- 
ing stake in Middle R»«a oil 
fields and attendant Anglo- 
American supremacy in control 
of the world’ s oil resources with 
all its political implications 
have stirred British public opin- 
ion and inspired authoritative 
warnings that oil diplomacy can 
wreck the present delicate bal- 
ance m international relations. 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


PAGE 9 


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Mavens on the Trail of le Mot Juste 


By William Safire 


W A ?lS NGTON — James M. Ed- 

▼ T wads, a conrespondent from 
V Hsbui Sd was just irondering: Is he 
persnckety, orb the word just just 
tossed into sentences unjustly 
with just no thought to its proper func- 
tion? - 

He points to an article quoting the 
aiemical-company executive Ray 
AjJon, saying, “You just can’t keep 
pumping out the oldstufE.” 

Edwards suggests that Aiken has 
placed has just too early in the sentence, 
and his meaning would be better ex- 
pressed as “You csn’t/Mttkexm puinp- 

ing out the old stuff.” (Even better: 
“You can’t keep pumping out just the 
old stuff.”) 

J ust so. In that sent ence fragment, jusz 
means “exactly, precisely.” 'ftie advert) 
can also mean “merely, “ as in "just 
wo n de ring ,” or in the title of the new 
posthumous collection of more than 50 
short stories by the novelist Shirley 
Jackson: "Just an Oidiuary Day.” 

Thb ubiquitous modifier has anotfa- 
er sense of “barely,” as in "just a 
hair’s -breadth,”' and another of 
“nearly,” as in "just about there,” 

and “really,” as in “I’m jwr fine I 

only look sick,” and more. (Forget 
about the adjective just; we’re dome 
justice only to the adverb here.) 

When used in die sense of “only,” 
just is properly placed where the only 
should go. This presumes you pay at- 
tention to the position of your onlys. If 
you sing “I Only Have Eyes for You,” 
you foil into romantic error, it should be 
“Ihave eyes only for you,” or “I have 
eyesjustforyou.” (Another possibility 
of placement — "only I have eyes for 
you” — can get your face slapped.) 

For more help with only placement, 
try Patricia O’Conner's new grammar 
guide, “Woe Is I,” which moves only 
around from “Only the butler says he 
saw the murder” (no one else says it) to 
“The butler says be saw only the 


murder” (be saw nothing else). 

Edwards submits another citation, 
th is fr om Howard Stem, the broad- 
caster: “Why don’t you let me just 
wor k the equ ipment?" Since the shock 
jock presumably wants to speak on the 
radio and work the equipment simul- 
taneously, shouldn’t he pull the adverb 
up before the let and say, “Why don’t 
you let me work the equip- 

Yes. When you use just in the - s e nse 
of “merely,” place it only before the 
rart intend to modi- 


OrdinarOy I would wait six months 
for a response from the University of 
Chicago linguist Professor James Mc- 
Cawley, who saves up his anti-pre- 
‘ script! ve harangues at my pop-gram- 
manan conclusions and then looses a 
MIRV’ d barrage. In this case, I ran the 
placement of just past him before- 


□ 

The linguistic giant begins setting 
me straight with "Just has other mean- 
ings besides the ones you list. A rel- 
evant one is that in 'You've just got to 
help us,’ meaning ‘damn well,’ ” 
which a charitable reader will take to 
have been Aiken’s meaning. 

Just right “In the Howard Stem 
quote, just probably has its 'only' 
meaning, but since we don't know 
what Stem was contrasting work the 
equipment wife, the fact that he clearly 
wanted to talk as well as work the 
equipment need not conflict with what 
he said.” .. 

Say wha*? 

“For example,” goes McCawley. 
who knows Ids students need 
frinstances to grasp the heavy stuff, 
“if Lyndon Johnson had said, T only 
drink bourbon,’ you wouldn't have 
been entitled to infer that he didn't 
drink, say, coffee: The implicit set of 
alternatives that bourbon is contrasted 
with can plausibly be interpreted as 
‘liquors’ or 'whiskeys’ — thus as not 


inclucfing coffee. Maybe Stem meant 
‘work the equipment and not listen to 
your kibbitzmg.’ ” 

Aha! Aren’t you, heavy linguistic 
hitter, separating only from its focus, 
the way the lyricist A1 Dubin mis- 
takenly did in “I Only Have Eyes for 
You”? If you snatch just, when it 
means “only,” away from its focus, 
aren’t yon creating ambiguity? 

4 'Triple red herring. First, in spoken 
language, ‘contrastive stress’ marks 
the focus, irrespective of where only is 
placed. Second, even in written lan- 
guage there is most often only one 
plausible focus — what else could eyes 
be contrasting with? Third, keeping 
only adjacent to its focus sometimes 
creates ambiguity, as in ‘Mary lets 
John drink only bourbon,’ which could 
mean 'She doesn't let him drink any- 
thing else' or ‘It’s OJC with her if he 
doesn’t drink anything else.”* 

McCawley then applies his crusher 
“In its musical setting, the line ‘I only 
have eyes for you’ is unambiguous, since 
Harry Warren set the words only and you 
to rhythmically stronger beats than have 
and eyes, c reating a musical counterpart 
to stresses on only and you." 

Just one minute, Jim." You got me on a 
poetic technicality an the song title. But 
why do I afford you this valuable space to 
accuse me of fostering ambiguity when I 
am trying to sharpen the focus? You 
members of foe deep-structural workers’ 
union may find that “contrastive stress” 
(mce phrase — dunks for that) marks the 
focus, but we prescriptivists say it’s the 
placement of the just and the only where 
they belong in the' sentence that clearly 
marks the focus. 

McCawley argues that “focaluers” 
like just and only have not only a focus 
but also a scope, and that my hang-up 
about placement in this case is per- 
verse. But the purpose of today's drill 
is to show, in microcosm, the debate 
that goes on between descriptive lin- 
guistic scientists and prescriptive lan- 
guage mavens. 

New York Times Service 


BOOKS 


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—I-" 


THE NEW FOWLER’S 
MODERN ENGLISH USAGE 

- First edited by H. W. Fowler. Third 

■ ■ Edition edited by R.W. Burchfield. 864 
; pages. $2S~ Oxford University Press. 
Reviewed by 

- Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

O NE’S suspicions are aroused when, 
m his {Hufare to this third edition of 
Fowler’s Modem English Usage, R-W. 
•- Burchfield, die volume’s editor, won- 
ders about the original edition, pub- 
lished in 1926: “ Why has tins school- 
masterly, quixotic, idiosyncratic and 
somewhat vulnerable book, in a form 
only lightly revised once, in 1965; by 
Ernest Gowers, retained its hold on die 
imagination of all but professional lin- 
guistic scholars for just on. 70 years?” 

-- Burchfield, chief editor of the Oxford 

• English dictionaries from 1971-1984, 
goes on to fault H. W. Fowler, the orig- 
inal author, for various shortcomings. 

' Fowler was isolated “from the mam- 
- stream of the linguistic scholarship of 
' his day,” Burchfield writes. He “dis- 
* claimed any knowledge of American 

of English ^dten^mdwTitten” else- 
** where in the world. 

Some of his entries were “quirky, 

•• opinionated and based on inadequate! 

' evidence.” Although undoubtedly a 
“masterpiece” flat “shows what it was 


like to be linguistically aware before a 
new race of synchronic linguistic giants 
appeared,” toe book remains “a fossfl 
all the same, and an enduring monument 
to all that was linguistically acceptable 
in die standard En glish of the southern 
comities of England in the first quarter 
of the 20th century.” 

Logically enough, Burchfield's re- 
vision reflects these criticisms. 

& eliminates the most idiosyncratic of 
Fowler’s entries, fix' example die entries 
with “unexpected, indeed opaque, 
titles” like “airs and graces,” “between 
two stools,” “false scent,” “unequal 
yokefellows” and “wens and hyper- 
trophied members.” Burchfield adds, 
.“The material m them has been redis- 
tributed under modi more transparent 
heads.” 

■ The evidence on which judgments of 
correctness are basedhas been broadened 
to embrace an electronic database “ob- 
tained from a systematic reading of Brit- 
ish and A meric an newspaper^ period- 

appraximately equal proportions” and 
“a more limbed range of material from 
other English-speaking countries, espe- 
cially Australia, Canada, New Zealand 
and South Africa.” 

At first, a sampling of this reviewer’s 
pet peeves seemed reassuring. Under 
the entry “V Burchfield writes: ** ‘Be- 
tween you and I’ must be condemned at 
once. Anyone who uses it now lives in a 


BRIDGE 


By Alan TYuscott 

T HE Greater New York 
Bridge Association re- 
vived ..the.. Board-a-Mateh 
Teams as a major event at its 
Winter Regional Cbr 
ships. It was won by 
Kopera and his team. 

u a debate between those- 
wbo use strong-club methods 
and those who do not, the latter 
group feels that the one-club 
Bd offers too many occasions 
for interference, while the 
framer judge Am* the interfer- 
ence gives them useful clues. 


NORTH 
• 10 5 A ■ 
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A 1093 


as shown, after he had opened 
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and heard East overcall in 


WEST 

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North and South were vulnerable. 
The bidding: 

East 


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The spade eight was ducked 
around to the queen. South 
cashed toe diamond ace, led to 
the heart ace and played toe 
diamond jack. East covered 
wife the queen and Souto woo 
the king, noting a heart cfiscard 
on his left. He now knew that 
West had begun with spade 
length and exactly four dia- 
monds. So he cashed his dub 
winners and the heart king, 
reaching the position shown: 
Sure of tins position, Ko- 
pera exited wife the spade 
lring . East could take four 


spade tricks, but then had to 
lead from the diamond nine. 
The game was made, but it 
would have been harder with- 
out any revealing bidding from 
toe opposition. 


NORTH 
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INTERNATIONAL 


Peru Plays Down the Hostage Crisis 

It’s Business os Usual in Lima in Bid to ''Wear Down ’ Rebels 


By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Service 


LIMA — As Peru’s hostage crisis 
drags through its third week. President 
Alberto Fujimori has ordered his gov- 
ernment to resume normal operations, 
determined to treat the episode as an 
isolated outbreak of violence, not a na- 
tional emergency, according to govern- 
ment and congressional leaders. 

Analysts monitoring the situation said 
that the government believed time was 
on its side, and that if the Marxist guer- 
rillas of the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement were given less attention, the 
advantage they seized in the media 
battle would diminish. The hope is that 
the rebels will grow exhausted 

Over the weekend, Mr. Fujimori 
ordered his cabinet ministers to begin 
operating normally, ending the govern- 
ment paralysis that began Dec. 17, when 
some 20 heavily armed commandos of 
the rebel group stormed the residence of 
toe Japanese ambassador, taking hun- 
dreds of hostages. While several groups 
of hostages nave been released, the 
rebels continue to hold 74 people, in- 
cluding nine generals, two ambassa- 
dors, five congressmen and five Su- 
preme Court justices. 

Since Wednesday, talks between the 
government and toe rebels appear to 


have broken off. and no hostages have 
been released. But Mr. Fujimori has 
resumed public appearances, and he has 
been filmed meeting with a variety of 
ministers on economic and other do- 
mestic issues. His children have also 

t one out of their way to be seen pub- 
cly, going to cafes at night and bungee 
jumping off a bridge Saturday with re- 
porters present. 

Congress has gone back into session, 
and most of the judicial branch of gov- 
ernment began its annual one-month va- 
cation. But, in a sign of bow the crisis 
continues to affect fee country, the Su- 
preme Court has refused to make public 
its ruling made Friday on whether Mr. 
Fujimori can constitutionally seek a third 
term in the year 2000. A third term is 
prohibited by the constitution, but Mr. 
Fujimori is arguing that the ban is un- 
constitutional. The court said the ruling 
would be kept secret so it would not be 
used to influence the resolution of toe 
hostage crisis. 

“The government is trying to nor- 
malize toe situation, to present the idea 
that things are going on as usual,” said 
Carlos Chipoco, an opposition con- 
gressman. “And time favors the gov- 
ernment.” 

Mr. Fujimori, in a speech Thursday, 
went out of his way to paint the res- 
idence takeover as an “isolated incid- 


ent,” and said it would not affect the 
government's economic plan. 

Jose Pastor Vives, a retired general, 
said the strategy of wearing out the 
rebels was the best option left to toe 
government because one of the main 
purposes of the attack was to generate 
government paralysis and media atten- 
tion. 

“The terrorists are suffering great 
physical and mental pressure, by having 
to guard so many hostages." Mr. Pastor 
said. “The strategy of wearing them 
down is correct. The talks will go on 
until toe MRTA is exhausted physically 
and mentally, and then a deal is 
struck.” 

Nestor Cerpa, the rebel commander, 
has made it clear dial he thinks he and his 
comrades can stick it out. In a press 
conference on Dec. 31, he said the rebels 
"have no time limit” to cutting a deal. 
The rebels have also repeatedly deman- 
ded that Mr. Fujimori personally conduct 
negotiations, something fee president has 
refused to do. 

Already, there are growing indica- 
tions that public and international at- 
tention are waning. Television and radio 
stations, which were breathlessly break- 
ing to regular progamming with live 
coverage at the smallest development, 
now give almost all their news during 
regularly scheduled news broadcasts. 


grammariess cavern in which no dis- 
tinction is recognized between a gram- 
matical object and a subject.” 

Under “point in time, at this,” he 
writes, "it is the kind of phrase that calls 
out for die attention of copy editors and 
journalistic subeditors.” 

But the more you sample, die more 
you are troubled by the degree to which 
tolerance lapses into passive acceptance 
in tiie face of regrettable change. Under 
“life style” he writes, “The extended 
sense has often been assailed (‘obnox- 
ious,’ ‘an unnecessary and clumsy ex- 
crescence on toe language,* etc.) but 
looks like surviving.” Under “impact 
... (verb),” he writes, “It is very likely 
that it will pass into uncontested stan- 
dard use as time goes on.” 

On the substitution of “comprise" 
for “compose," he remarks, “It cannot 
be denied, however, that the sheer fre- 
quency of this construction seems likely 
to take it oat of the disputed area before 
long.” He then goes on for half & 
column quoting sentences from respect- 
able sources in which “comprise’’ is 
misused, as if these many examples 
settled the matter. 

By revising Fowler in toe manner he 
has done, Burchfield has transformed 
him from an upholder of standards into a 
passive observer of trends. 

Christopher Lehmann-Hcnqjt is on the 
staff cf The New York Times. 



Mlri- tlippmnufjriAV^riKT HuDft-Hrw 

A child joining protesters In Peru’s capital demanding the release of 74 hostages held by Marxist guerrillas. 

PRISONS: Peru’s Anti-Terror Justice System Ensnares Innocents 

Continued from Page 1 


rights workers say, tuberculosis is 
rampant, and insanity among inmates is 
not unusual because of the isolation. 
Suicide attempts are common, they add, 
usually carried out by inmates’ banging 
their heads against toe walls. 

While human-rights groups have been 
unanimous in condemning the hostage- 
taking, many rights workers said they 
had pressed the government over prison 
conditions for years, to little avail. 

"This is not something MRTA just 
thought up,” said Miguel Huerta of the 
National Coordinator of Human Rights, 
a coalition of 47 human rights groups 
here. “We have raised toe issues, toe 
United Nations has raised the issues. 
Amnesty International has raised the 
issues. It is all one package. Abysmal 
prison conditions cannot be isolated 

to conimnpeopte!not find fe^ttuto.” 

“The prison conditions in this coun- 
try are- inhuman,” said Enrique 
Bernales, a former senator who works 
with the Andean Commission of Jurists. 
“What is being said about them is not an 
ion." 

i anti-terrorism laws — mandating 
“faceless” courts, where neither the 
prosecutors nor the judges are seen, and 
an especially harsh prison regimen for 
those convicted of terrorism ami treason 
— were enacted by Mr. Fujimori in April 


1992, as Shining Path and Tupac Amaru 
were carrying out nationwide campaigns 
of economic sabotage, assassinations — 
often of judges — and military actions. 

But national and international hu- 
man-rights groups say the laws go too 
far, allowing rampant abuses with Little 
chance of redress and violating inter- 
national treaties and norms. 

For example, suspects can be jailed for 
up to six years for "defending tenorism” 
under an ill -defined law that has been 
used to silence political opponents, toe 
{Hess and human rights organizations. 
Mr. Alvarez was arrested under that law 
because he worked for magazines and 
newspapers critical of the government, 
although prosecutors produced no ar- 
ticles on which to base the arrest 

Suspects in cases of ‘ ‘aggravated ter- 
rorism” and “treason” can be held for 
up to 30 days without charges. The 
summary trials sometimes last only 10 
minutes. No witnesses or policemen can 
be cross-examined, anti lawyers are 
routinely denied access to clients until 
the day of the trial. 

‘ ‘Those caught in toe system are pre- 
sumed guilty and have minimal oppor- 
tunities to demonstrate their inno- 
cence," said an August 1996 report by 
Human Rights Watch/Americas. 

“Our trials lasted five minutes, and 
we could do nothing to defend 
ourselves," Mis. Alvarez said “Once 
you are arrested, they say, ‘Defend 


yourself,* but there is no way because 
you do not know who accused you, you 
don't know what the evidence is. you 
have no access to anything. You have no 
recourses at all.” 

Of the some 5.000 people jailed for 
crimes of terrorism or treason since 
1992, toe National Coordinator of Hu- 
man Rights identified 1 .504 as probably 
being innocent. Of these, 765 were 
found not guilty, although most had 
been incarcerated for more than three 
years. Another 1 10 were pardoned after 
a special board reviewed their cases. 

Mrs. Alvarez was among those even- 
tually found not guilty. 

“For toe first four months, we were 
not allowed out of our cells at all," she 
said "In toe morning, we would get tea 
or coffee. Then about 4 P.M. we would 
get either soup or stew. We could not 
even get sanitary napkins. We bad to 
bathe naked outdoors at 6 A.M. We had 
no books, no paper, no lights and noth- 
ing to do.” 

Mr. Alvarez spent four years fighting 
to get his case reviewed and when in toe 
end the state was unable to produce 
evidence against him he was pardoned. 

But since his release, Mr. Alvarez has 
not been able to find work. His wife 
works intermittently. 

“Jr does not mailer that in the end you 
were innocent,” he said. “People are 
afraid to deal with us. afraid that if they 
are our friends, they can be arrested” 


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PiTERSATKWM. 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


PAGE 11 


•M< 

Parretti Left 
U.S. to Face 
Italy Probe 

Lawyer Says Ex-Chief 
OfMGMIs ‘At Peace’ 

C o Hfde d ^OtrSkffPnmtDhpaKha 

OR Vlh fO, Italy — The Italian fin- 
ancier Giaocarlo Parretti left the United 
States not to avoid sentencing but to 
face a separate investigation in Italy, his 
lawyer has said. 

Mr. Parretti was to be sentenced 
Monday for perjury and evidence-tam- 
pering m a case that cost him control of 
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. 

He left for Italy on Thursday to face an 
investigation into alleged tax fraud, bis 
^ lawyer, Manil a Marcella, said Saturday. 

But authorities in Delaware, where 
Mr. Parretti was convicted and faces up 
to 10 years in prison, issued a warrant 
for the financier's arrest, saying a bail 

• agreement required Mr. Parretti to re- 
main in the United States. 

Mr. Morcella said Mr. Parretti was 
within his rights because he had some - 
Italian matters pending against Mm that 
had to be dealt with this month. ' 

‘'Parretti had to return to Italy be- 

■ cause it was required by the appeals 
court of Perugia, where be must respond 
to tax crimes for Italian matters/’ Mr. 

- Morcella said. “He is at peace with 
himself because his return showed de- 

- ference to the Italian state.” 

Mr. Parretti recently lost a legal battle 
when a judge denied his request to re- 
‘ open the 2991 case that cost him control 
of MGM, 

Credit Lyonnais, the French state- 
owned bank that financed Mr. Parretti’s 
Si. 3 billion purchase in 1990, seized 
* •' MGM after claims that Mr. Parretti de~ 
faulted on loans and mismanaged the 
studio. 

The bank sued Mr. Parretti in 1 991 in 

■ a Delaware court, claiming die financier 
. continued to exert day-to-day control 

Over MGM after agreeing to relinquish 
it to Credit Lyonnais. The court ruled in 

■ the bank’s favor. 

In October, Mr. Parretti" was found 
guilty of perjury and tampering with 
; evidence in the 1991 case. He had re- 
. turned voluntarily to the United States 
j from Italy to face trial and had been free 
! mi bail, living in California. 

Mr. Morcella said an Italian Justice 
Ministry decree would allow Mr. Par- 
retti to be sent beck to the United Stares 

• “only when the needs of the Italian 
judges have been satisfied — and that 
has not yet happened.’ ' 

Mr. Parretti still basakwsuit pending 

- in Los Angeles against Credit Lyonnais, 

’ accusing the bank of conspiring to seize 

the studio from him. That lawsuit had 
; been scheduled for trial in March. 

One of the terms of his bail, however, 

• was that the case would be dismissed if 
' Mr. Parretti left tbe country, said Jeffrey 

Isaacs, an assistant U.S. attorney in Los 
Angeles. The was no immediate weird 
that steps had been taken to dismiss the 

• case. 

Mr. Parretti is also wanted by French 
authorities, who tried to extradite him 
from the United States. 

(Reuters, AP, Bloomberg) 


A Glance Around the World 

How stock funds that invest in various parts of the world fared over three periods 
through Dec. 31. Total returns 

Quarter Year 


EUROPE 


United States 


AlfnorrtLS. 


8 . 10 % 


Latin America I&f 2.44 


1 Pacific -0.32 


Source, itojrvngstar Inc. ‘Annualized. 


Five years* 




im 560 


12.81% 


The New York Trrae\ 


Europe’s Funds Outshine Wall Street 


By Robert D. Hershey Jr. 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — The New World 
was a good place to invest money last 
year, but the Old World was a better 
one. 

The average mutual fund invested 
in European oocks outperformed the 
average American fund, 23.49 percent 
to 1 8.40 percent, according to figures 
from Momingstar Inc., a fund re- 
searcher in Chicago. 

Given the economic cycles, some 
money managers think Europe will 
remain a good {dace to be. European 
economies were more sluggish for 
most of the past few years but are 
starting to grow. 

They could be expanding vigor- 
ously just as activity — and especially 
corporate profits — may flatten or ebb 
in me United States. 

“We think Europe is in tbe early 
stages of earnings- growth expansion 
that may last for many years.” said 
Denise Downey, a portfolio manager 
for Bank Julius Baer in New York, 
which runs several international 
funds. “We continue to be quite pos- 
itive on die European markets.” 


While some strategists do not share 
such general enthusiasm, they find no 
shortage of appealing individual 
stocks that Europeans themselves may 
be overlooking because of their tra- 
ditional “top down,” or macroeco- 
nomic, approach to investing and an 

INVESTING ~~ 

emphasis on the very biggest compa- 
nies. This leaves many niches where 
value-oriented investors can find bar- 
gains. 

“The opportunities for small 
companies there are terrific,' ' said Mi- 
chael Gerding, portfolio manager for 
three international funds sponsored by 
Founders Asset Management in Den- 
ver. 

Specialists point to several trends 

— apart from Europe's potentially 
more favorable position in tbe busi- 
ness cycle and lower share valuations 

— to support a bullish investment 
case. Last year the number of funds 
focused on this area swelled by nearly 
25 percent, according to Momingstar. 

These trends include corporate re- 
vamping and outsourcing, friendlier at- 
titudes toward investors, performance- 


tied executive pay, rising demand for 
goods from the former Soviet-bloc 
countries, improved accounting stan- 
dards and moves to more fully finance 
corporate pension plans. 

Some also take as a favorable sign 
the arrival in Europe of discount stock- 
brokers and. in Germany, of tax le- 
gislation that should lead to more 
companies' repurchasing their own 
shares. 

The general loosening of restric- 
tions and dependence on the state has 
even reached Scandinavia, contribut- 
ing substantially to big stock-market 
gains there last year. Two Scandina- 
vian funds. Fidelity Nordic and Wright 
Equifund- Nordic, were among the top 
European performers for both the 
latest quarter and all of 1996. 

These countries “tend to be the 
most Socialist-oriented of all.” said 
William F. Wendler D, vice pres/ dent 
of Rowe Price-Fleming International 
in Baltimore. But they have been 
forced, he said, to “come to grips with 
the foci that putting social policy 
ahead of economic policy was killing: 
them.” Now. Mr. Wendler added, less 

See INVEST, Page 12 


Not Enough Apples 
Under Christmas Trees 

Computer Firm Expects 1st- Quarter Loss 
Of $150 Million On Peiforma’s Poor Sales 


C-npOrdln Om Staff Frrm Oepakhn 

CUPERTINO, California — Apple 
Computer Inc.’s comeback plan has 
suffered a severe setback: The strong 
demand for its Performa models that it 
had banked on over the Christmas sea- 
son failed to materialize. 

The company said Friday it would post 
a loss of as much as S150 million in die 
first quarter of its financial year, and as a 
result would consider layoffs and other 
cost-cutting measures. Last year, the 
company laid off 1300 people. 

Apple reduced the price of its Per- 
formas as much as 30 percent in the 
autumn to try to lift sales and market share. 
But consumers have not responded, and 
now the company expects revenue in the 
quarter to Dec. 27 to be 10 percent below 
$230 billion reached in die previous 
quarter. Apple had revenue of $3.15 bil- 
lion in the first quarter a year ago. 

Gil Amelio. who became chairman of 
Apple 1 1 months ago, said new restnic- 
turing steps now appeared to be necessary . 
Mr. Amelio already has taken the com- 
pany through a major reorganization. 

“These results suggest that we need to 
reduce Apple’s cost infrastructure so that 
we can achieve break-even results at a 
revenue level of $8 billion,” Mr. Amelio 
said. Apple had revenue of $9.83 billion 
for die year that ended in September, a 
drop of 1 1 percent from the year before. 

Mr. Amelio said Apple expected its 
impending acquisition of Next Software 
Inc., founded by Steve Jobs, the former 
co-founder and chairman of Apple, to 
help the company save money on re- 
search and development. 

Just before Christmas, Apple said it 
would buy Next for $400 million and 
hire back Mr. Jobs to help craft a new 
operating system for the company's 
flagship Macintosh computers. 

Apple executives, though, have said it 
could lake a year or more to develop that 
new system, leading investors to ques- 


tion the company's immediate future. 

Apple released its news after the 
close of trading Friday. Its shares rose 
75 cents, to $21.75. The shares have 
risen from a 52-week low of $16,875. 
reached July 1 6. 

“I can't tell you how many people 
have asked me about whether they 
should be buying from Apple when 
there’s so much negative news out 
there, “ said Richard Zwetchkenbaum. 
an analyst at the market researcher In- 
ternational Data Corp. 

In the quarter that ended in Septem- 
ber. Apple's share of the personal -com- 
puter market worldwide fell to 5.4 per- 
cent from 8.7 percent in the same 
quarter a year ago, according to a recent 
Apple filing with the Securities and 
Exchange Commission. In the United 
States, its share fell to 7.3 percent from 
13.2 percent. 

Meanwhile, Apple faces increased 
competition from PCs based on Intel 
Corp.'s Pentium microprocessors. Intel 
will release in a few weeks a new Pen- 
tium with so-called MMX technology, 
can handle computer graphics and 
sounds much better than before. 

Tim Bajarin. president of the market 
research firm Creative Strategies In- 
ternational Corp., said some consumers 
may have put off buying Macintosh 
Perform as to wait for PCs based on 
Intel's MMX chips. The Perfonnas 
have long been a favored brand for 
running multimedia software. 

“It Ls an image problem,” Mr. Ba- 
jarin said. “Apple has not been able to 
convince the consumer that the software 
developers are coming back, and has not 
been able to convince them that Apple 
will be around in the future.” 

Mr. Amelio will outline his com- 
pany's strategy to Macintosh customers 
and programmers at the Macworld trade 
show Tuesday in San Francisco. 

(Reuters. AP. Bloomberg l 


China Signals Strategy to Streamline Lagging Coal Sector 


Reuters 

BEIJING — China will restructure 
and streamline its coal industry this 
year, merging major companies into 
more efficient groups to increase ex- 
ports by the world's largest coal pro- 
ducer, state media said Sunday. 

The restructuring is seen raising ex- 
ports to 40 million tons a year by the end 
of the century, up from 30 million tons 
in 1996, tbe China Daily Business 
Weekly said, . quoting Wang 
Changchun, president of the China Na- 
tional Coal Import & Export Corp. 

China's coal output was estimated at 
135 billion tons in 1996, up 4.6 percenr 
from the previous year, making it the 
world's biggest coal producer. 

The newspaper said that China would 
gather 14 stare-owned coal companies 


into four groups to increase the com- 
petitiveness of an industry that was be- 
ing forced to learn to compete in 
China’s fledgling market economy. 

The groups would be responsible for 
trade, use of coal, construction and 
equipment manufacturing, it said. 

The first group, the China Coal In- 
dustry Import & Export Group, would 
be formed in April, merging four 
companies, including the National Coal 
Import & Export Corp, it said. The 
group's annual sales were expected to 
be 1.7 billion yuan ($204.1 million) this 
year, the newspaper said. 

Schedules for forming the other three 
organizations — the China Coal Com- 
prehensive Utility Group, the China 
Coal Construction & Development 
Group and China Coal Materials & 


Equipment Group — had yet to be com- 
pleted. it said, quoting Zhao Baoming, 
deputy minister for coal. 

To lift exports. China would set up 
transport companies able to move 40 
million tons of coal a year, it said. 
Mining and transport are supervised 
separately by the ministries of coal in- 
dustry and railways. 

The umbrella groups formed after the 
restructuring would control shares of 
their subsidiaries and share the profits, 
the newspaper said. 

The coal industry in China is chron- 
ically inefficient with only 55 of the 93 
key state-owned coal mines able to post 
a profit last year. In the previous year 
only 26 had been profitable, officials 
have said. 

China has said it would open at least 


300 coal projects to foreign investors 
and would give priority to projects in 
power plants, coal transport facilities 
and coal-bed methane. 

It has not said whether investors 
could export their output. 

■ City of Beijing Soft on Taiwan? 

The city of Beijing has called on 
municipal departments to cut red tape in 
a bid to raise investment from Taiwan, 
the Xinhua news agency said. Reuters 
reported. 

The Beijing Municipal People's 
Political Consultative Conference, an 
advisory body, had issued a report ur- 
ging the city government to set up a 
special office to handle investment from 
the island and reduce bureaucratic 
hurdles, according to Xinhua's report. 


Priority should be given to high-tech- 
nology firms, it added. 

China views Taiwan as a renegade 
province and has threatened to use force 
to reunify the island. 

Taiwan bans direct trade and invest- 
ment, but it has allowed contacts made 
through third territories such as Hong 
Kong. 

President Lee Teng-hui of Taiwan 
said last year the island should curtail its 
investments in China to avoid economic 
reliance on the mainland. 

Some 1.450 Taiwanese companies 
had invested a total of $1.8 billion in 
Beijing by the end of September 1 996. 
with most of those funds going into 
electronics, clothing, food, petrochem- 
icals and machine-building. Xinhua 
said. 


Web Site for Amateur Movie Critics 


CURRENCY AND CAPITAL MARKET SERVICES 


By Rob Pegoraro 

Washington Post Service 


W ASHINGTON — 
One person’s ad- 
vice is usually an- 
• other’s annoyance. But put 
■ together 30, 300 or 3.000 
. people’s opinions and you 
might have something worth 
• listening to. That’s the idea 
I behind sites cm the World 
1 Wide Web that aim to provide 
- personalized movie-going re- 
commendations: Give your 
. opinions on a dozen movies 
or so, and you'll get an in- 
formed recommendation on 


whether to see “Trees 
Lounge” or “Twister.” 

The technology in question 
goes by the moniker of “col- 
laborative filtering." At its 
heart, it is an enlightened form 
of peer pressure: Find people 
who like and dislike the same 
thing s you do as much as you 
do, ana it should be a safe bet 
that you wOJ agree with their 

recommendations. 

“Jr’s just like being in a 
movie-rental store and hearing 
people say different things, 
except it happens around the 
world,” said Max MetraL, 
chief technology officer of 


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Firefly Networks, the parent 
company of the leading Web 
site in this category. Firefly. 

The whole business is not 
about Hying to get a computer 
to think like a human being, 
he emphasizes. “This is the 
general problem of AI,” or 
artificial intelligence. “We 
don’t know how we think,” 
he said. “What collaborative 
filtering as a field says is: ‘I 
know we do think. Let’s 
leverage that’ ” 

Tbe Firefly site, like al- 
most every other innovation 

00 the Web, it seems, was 
originally a gleam in a grad 
student's eye, in this case at 
the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. Early experi- 
ments in using collaborative 
filtering to generate music re- 
commendations eventually 
led to the current Firefly Web 
site, http://www.ffly.com. 
with “well over 500,000" re- 
gistered users, according to a 
company spokesman. 

What’s it like to use? Well, 
the reality is not quite as el- 
egant as you might want 
After being asked to rate a 
series of films, including both 
classics like “Citizen Kane” 
and such obscurities as “Jesus 
of Montreal,” cm a scale of 
one (“hate it!”) to seven 
(“the best”), you should be 
able to get pointers to quality 
movies in your choice of 
genre and time frame. In two 
weeks of heavy use, however. 

1 was not able to get a single 
recommendation; instead, like 
a child tugging at his parent's 
leg. the ate kept insisting that 
I rate more movies first 

Firefly's competitor. Movie 
Critic (http'y/VwwjnoviecaTt- 
ic.com), may not have the 
same high profile, but at least it 
did generate some recom- 
mendations right off the baL 


The site, a project of Web de- 
velopers Songline Studios, 
looks and works very much 
like Firefly, although it does 
not let a user ask for advice on 
movies of particular genres or 
by particular artists. 

My request for pointers to 
current movies generated a 
list of 20 films. Some were 
utterly obvious suggestions, 
like “Star Trek: first Con- 
tact,” some were the kind of 
intriguing low-budget 
movies I keep forgetting to 
see, like John Sayles’s “Lone 
Star,’ ’ and some were a mys- 
tery — “Microcosmos,” a 
French-language document- 
ary on insects, and “Evita.” 

Granted, this came after I 
had rated only 23 movies (the 
site will not generate recom- 
mendations until a user has 
rated 12). 

And with some 30,000 re- 
gistered users. Movie Critic's 
sample size may not be large 
enough to accommodate all 
users. 

The site’s project manager, 
Rebecca Cherkoss, said the 
site should be “90 percent 
accurate” in recommending 
movies, although she added 
the inevitable clarification, 
“It depends on taste," 

In both sites' cases, 
though, the best potential 
may be not in gjving 
moviegoing advice, but in 
just introducing people with 
similar tastes to each other. 

The site is littered with chat 
rooms and discussion forums, 
and nearly every page comes 
with a button to list people 
who like the same 
movies/music/artists as you 
— and firefly users contacted 
by e-mail agreed on that ad- 
vantage. 

Internet address; 

Cyberscape@tht.com 



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PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Uncertainty About U.S. Economic Strength Likely to Keep Bonds Jittery 


Bridge News 

NEW YORK — The Treasury bond 
market is likely to be on edge this week, 
waiting to see whether U.S. unemploy- 
ment data Friday confirm the economic 
strength shown in a series of numbers 
last week. 

The price of the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond skidded last week in re- 
sponse to some unexpectedly healthy 
economic reports. The yield finished at 
6.73 percent, up from 6.54 percent the 
previous week. But analysts said the real 
test for bonds would come this week. 

After worrying all autumn that U.S. 
consumers would go wild during the 
holiday shopping season, the market 
was blindsidea in recent days by reports 
showing strength in housing and man- 
ufacturing. The bond market started to 
go lower Tuesday on the 1.4 percent 
jump in November new home sales, and 
continued to sell off Thursday when the 


National Association of Purchasing 
Management’s December index posted 
an increase, instead of the decline econ- 
omists had predicted. 

The numbers suggested the economy 
did better than expected in late 1 996 and 
has enough momentum to keep going in 

U.S. CREDIT MARKETS 

early 1997. Bond traders took particular 
notice of the jump in the price com- 
ponent of the December purchasers’ re- 
port, and it seemed that the inflation 
fears the market set aside in autumn 
might be coming back to haunt it 
But bullish participants argue that the 
sell-off was exaggerated because so 
many investors were absent, which al- 
lowed the sellers to dominate. 

Bill Stevens, a managing director of 
fixed-income at Montgomery Asset 
Management, said that although indic- 


ators were showing an increase in activ- 
ity, 4 ‘it wasn't a huge increase, and 6.70 
percent looks pretty attractive.'' 

He said lire numbers suggested that the 
economy was growing at a rate of 2,5 
percent and estimated that the market was 
still 20 to 30 basis points too cheap. 

The market now awaits the release of 
jobless statistics. 

The consensus calls for a moderate 

170.000 increase in December payrolls 
after the 1 18,000 gain in November, and 
a 02 percent rise in December hourly 
earnings, down from the jump of 0.8 
percent in November wages. 

Donald Maude, chief U.S. fixed-in- 
come strategist at Scotia Capital Mar- 
kets, is looking for a payrolls gain of 

198.000 in December, just above the 
consensus, and said a lot of the strength 
would come from the retail sector as the 
survey picks up jobs that were created too 
late to show up in the November report. 


But Mr. Maude said that kind of jobs 
growth would not be anything to cel- 
ebrate from the bond market’s point of 
view, because h meant that jobs growth 
was outpacing the growth in the labor 
force by about 50,000 a month. Over the 
long run, that kind of growth will con- 
tinue to push tire unemployment rate 
lower ana lead to worries about wage 
inflation, he said. 

The only other big number to be 
released before the unemployment re- 
port is the December producer price 
report Thursday, The consensus calls 
for a moderate 03 percent rise in the 
overall index and a gain of just 0-2 
percent in the core rate. 

Traders also await tire return of Jap- 
anese investors. Japanese markets have 
been closed since Dec. 30, and investors 
there missed the Treasury market’s 
plunge Tuesday and Thursday. Many 
U.S. participants think die Japanese will 


ipy to buy at chi 
ly because the 


t levels, es- 
Uar, which 


closed Friday at 11633 yen in New 
Yoric, is trading at its highest level in 
almost 4 years. 

Mr. Stevens said the market might 
benefit next week not only from Jap- 
anese buying, but also from short-cov- 
ering if prices do well enough to sur- 
prise pessimistic traders. 

Andrew Cantor, head of taxable fixed 
income at Barnett Capital Advisors, 
said that while economic growth would 
remain bullish, he did not think it would 
be strong enough to push interest rates 
much higher. 

“In fact, the growth in employment 
over the last 6 months has clearly de- 
celerated,” he said, adding that inflation . 
was likely to continue to fluctuate 
around the 3 percent level. 

Mr. Cantor said foreign buying of 
Treasuries should continue because 


U S rates still looked attractive com- 
pared with the yields available overseas. 
He said be saw a potential boosttor 
bonds from efforts to legislate further 
reductions in the federal deficit. 

Paul KasrieL chief domestic econ- 
omist for Northern Trust Co., takes the 
bearish position that the bond market 
was simply adjusting to real- 

ities as it sold offlast week, We re 
(foaling with an economy that has been 
growing at or slightly above its per- 
ceived long-run potential now for sev- 
eral years, and gives every indication i of 
continuing to do so,” be said. Thai 
means the risks are that the core rate oi 
inflation is likely to drift up m 1997. 

Despite his outlook on inflation, Mr. 
Kasriel does not expect any big upnek m 
the December producer price report due 
out Thursday, and be has forecast a 
moderate 150,000 increase in Decem- 
ber nonfarm payrolls. 


Most Active 


The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system tor Ihe week end- 
ing Jan. 3. Prices supplied by TeJekurs. 

Rnk None Cpi Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

207 Austria ZG QV31/06 I02J2500 6.1100 

Belgian Franc 


Bonds 


British Pound 

764Decfa Hn 7ft 

182 Britain 7 

1 83 Abbey Natt TS 6 

193 Halifax BS 8ft 
213 Tokai Bank Ldn 6ft 
223 Boyerische LB 7% 
238 Salomon 6.906 


95*250 

100.3120 

97.0000 

102J000 

98.9318 

98*750 

99.5500 


Canadian Dollar 

139 Canada B 06/01/23 109-1500 7.3200 

192 Canada 81* 12/01/05 117.3320 7.4600 

240 Canada Sft 03/01/99 102.9420 55900 


Danish Krone 

1 Denmark 
14 Denmark 
17 Denmark 
20 Denmark 
26 Denmark 
34 Denmark 

45 Denmark 

46 Denmark 

70 Denmark 

71 Denmark 
77 Denmark 
82 Denmark 
94 Denmark 
166 Nyfcredlt 3 Cs 
212 Real Kiedt 

242 Nykredlt Bank 8 


0V15/D6 
11/15/98 
11/15/01 
11/15/00 
12/15/04 
11/1 0/24 
11/15*07 
05/1503 
12/10/99 
02/15/98 
08/1 5/97 
02/15/99 
11/15/02 
1001/26 
1001/26 
1001/26 


109.5100 

1084600 

1114)500 

1137300 

1017500 

94.0000 

101J700 

110-5500 

1037600 

1014800 

IO1.9S0O 

1017000 

1017600 

864300 

867000 

100.4800 


Deutsche Marie 


2 Germany 

3 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Treutand 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 
10 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 

15 Germany 

16 Germany 
18 Germany 

21 Germany 

22 Germany 

24 Germany 

25 Germany 

27 Germany 

28 Germany 

29 Germany 

30 Treuhand 

31 Treuhand 

32 Germany 

33 Germany 

35 Germany 

36 Tieuhand 

37 Treuhand 

38 Germany 
40 Germany 

42 Germany 

43 Germany 

44 Germany 

48 Treuhand 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 
52 Trauhand 

54 Treuhand 

55 Germany 

56 Germany 

57 Treuhand 

58 Germany 

59 Treuhand 

60 Germany TWIs 

61 Germany 

62 Germany 

63 Germany 

64 Germany 
68 Treuhand 
72 Treuhand 

74 Germany 

75 Germany 

76 BA Credit Cart 
79 Germany 


6ft 04/26/06 
6ft 10/14/U5 
7ft 01/03/05 
7% 09/09/D4 
8 01 / 21/02 

5 08/2001 
07/20100 

8ft 09/20/01 
51* 02/21/01 
5V 08/22/00 
6*1 05/12/05 
8% 12/2000 
8* 08/2001 

6 01/05/06 

7 12/22/97 

8 07/22/02 
6 02/16/06 

5ft 11/21/00 

5 05/21/01 
7ft 11/11/04 
7ft 01/29/03 
6ft 07/09/03 
316 12/1898 
616 01/04/24 
616 07/15/03 
7ft 1001/02 
6* 05/13/04 
7ft 102097 

9 102000 
8W 07/21/97 
3ft 09/1098 
6* 04/22/03 
7ft 12/32/02 
8ft 05/21/01 

6 09/1003 
616 04/23/03 
6ft 06/11/03 
5% 05/1000 
6 V 07/15/04 
61* 03/04/04 
616 03/15810 
6ft 07/01/99 
rare 04/18/97 
654 01/2098 

6 06/20/16 
8 09/22/97 
714 10/2097 
616 07/29/99 
6ft 03/2698 
7V 02/21/00 
7*1 12/2002 
6 11/15415 
6ft 09/15/99 


1040943 

110.1833 

1109900 

1113600 

101.6875 

1141020 

113.9600 

1005667 

1045500 

106.8500 

115*267 

115*450 

1006667 

103.5350 

113.7825 

1006525 

1013500 

101.8233 

1114250 

109.2100 

1063200 

99.9000 

93.5786 

105.7500 

1123500 

106.6360 

10X3400 

115.3900 

102.6800 

100-0600 

107.1767 

110.6400 

1140733 

10X3025 

105.8400 

107.7050 

1049500 

106*267 

10X7971 

106*425 

105.9700 

99.1140 

10X4100 

93*150 

10X3500 

10X1400 

105l8000 

10X3500 

1103300 

109.4525 

101*500 

107*700 


83 Germany 

85 Germany 

86 Germany 

87 Germany 

88 Treuhand 

89 Cap Credit Cart 
92 Germany 

98 Germany 
104 Germany 
107 Germany 
109 Germany 
113 Treuhand 
115 Germany 

11 9 Germany 

120 Germany 

123 Germany 

124 Germany 

125 Germany 
1Z7 Germany 
129 Germany 

131 Germany 

132 Germany 

133 Trauhand 
136 Germany 
153 Germany 
161 Germany 

163 Nordrheinwest 

171 Germany 

172 Germany 
175 Germany 
184 Bayer LB zent 
186 Bundespast 

194 Treuhand 

195 Germany 
206 KFW 

210 LB Rheinland 

216 Germany 

21 7 Treuhand 
219Depfa Bank 
233 Greece 


Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

816 02/20*01 1141550 7450C 
5ft 08/2<V98 10X6300 5*500 
6ft 12/02/98 106*600 64800 

8 03/20/97 100.9800 7.9200 

6 11/12/03 10X7700 5*400 

5% 08/15/01 1025912 5X800 
5 ft 08/20*97 101*600 5*600 
8*1 01/2097 1003325 83600 
TA 10*21/02 110.0443 6*900 
7ft 01/20/00 108*825 6.6600 
5*4 09/20/16 89.1786 63100 

5 01/14/99 102./100 48700 
5ft 11/20*97 101.7500 5.1600 
6ft 05/2098 1040200 6.1300 
6ft 052099 105.4400 5*100 
5ft 02/22/99 10X7000 SI 800 
51* 1 0*20/98 10X1200 5.0900 
5*2 05/20/97 100*317 S4500 

9 01/22/01 115.9225 7.7600 

6 02/20/98 10X9700 5*300 
64k 08/14/98 104*500 6.1000 
81* Q5/22/DO 113*100 7*900 

5 12/17/98 102*880 4*700 

7 01/13/00 108.1940 6*700 
814 08/21/001134300 74900 

Z995 09/3Q/D4 99.1000 X0200 

6 12/20*06 100*000 6*000 
(At 05Q2/03 106X500 63400 
69* 02/24/99 106*600 64500 
5Vi 02/25/98 10X1900 *1400 
6* 08/03/05 104*500 64400 
7*4 KV01AM 111V 69400 
54k 09/24/98 10X5450 54300 
6« 01/20*99 106*500 63600 
5ft 10*17/03 99.9500 5*000 
su iQ/16/03 loan io 53400 
6% 0500*97 101.1700 63000 

7 11/25199 108.1300 64700 

4%) 11/13/01 99.1500 47900 
6ft 11/13/06 100.0500 67500 


Dutch Guilder 


23 Netherlands 
41 Netherlands 
67 Netherlands 
73 Netherlands 
90 Netherlands 

95 Netherlands 

96 Netherlands 
101 Netherlands 
103 Netherlands 
110 Netherlands 
114 Netherlands 
121 Netherlands 
128 Netherlands 
137 Netherlands 

140 Netherlands 

141 Netherlands 
143 Netherlands 

146 Netherlands 

147 Netherlands 

148 BNG 

155 Netherlands 
170 Netherlands 
174 Netherlands SP 
178 CADES 
191 Netherlands 
211 Netherlands 
21 5 Netherlands 
224 Netherlands 
230 Netherlands 
250 Netherlands 


81 France OAT 
100 France OAT 
102 Britain 
116 France BT AN 

134 France OAT 

135 France OAT 
199 France OAT 
205 France BTAN 

225 France OAT 

226 France B.TJLN. 
228 Italy 

239 Italy 


6 01/15/06 
6U 07/1598 
8ft 06*01/06 
9 01/15*01 

7 06*1505 
716 04/15/10 
Sft 05/01/00 
8ft 02/15/00 
7 03/15/99 
6ft 04/15/03 
7ft 01/15/23 
814 02/15/02 
54* 01/1S/D4 
7Vi HVD1/D4 
8ft 06/15/02 
7ft 01/15*00 
7 02/15/03 
8ft 02/15/07 
5ft 09/15/02 
6ft 1030/06 
6ft 02/15/99 
6ft 11/15/05 
zero 01/15/23 
6ft 07/29 AM 
zero 03/27/97 
Bft 03/15*01 
zero 02/28/97 

9 05/15/00 
7ft 03/01/05 
7ft 11/15/99 


101.1000 

104*500 

118*500 

115*500 

108*000 

111*500 

113ft 

111*500 

1067300 

1063000 

11X70 

114*000 

1013000 

110 

115 

no 

109*500 

1173000 

103*000 

102.1250 

106*000 

1063000 

1645 

104*650 

98*738 

11440 

98.9153 

11445 

11X9500 

1093500 


7 04/25*06 
6 04/2904 
9ft 02/21/01 
7U 03/16*98 
7ft 04/25*05 
9ft 04/23/00 
6ft 04/25/02 

5 03/16/99 
10 02/2601 

6 03/16*01 
9ft 03*07/11 
8ft 07/26*98 


1069000 

100*000 

115ft 

10X5200 

1094500 

1143000 

1063000 

101*000 

11830 

1043200 

123*000 

10X1500 


Finnish Markka 


156 Finland 
235 Finland 


10 09/15/01 121.0917 83600 
9ft 03/1 SAM 1269915 74800 


French Franc 


97 France OAT 
130 France OAT 
ISO France OAT 
152 France OAT 
185 France OAT 


zero 04/25/17 2X7000 7*700 
6ft 10/2504 107*900 62700 
zero 04/25/19 193500 7*300 
8ft 11/25/02 1173400 73400 
6 10*25*25 093500 67200 


Rak Name Cpn Maturity price Yield 

229 France OAT 6ft 10*25*06 1044200 63200 


Italian Lira 


8ft 0001/99 1044800 8.1400 
9ft 1201/99 107*800 8*300 
9ft 020101 109*300 B*500 
9ft 0101/05 1124800 64500 


Japanese Yen 

11 Fuff IrTfl ft 0201/02 

112 Sdno Transport ft 030104 

176ADB 3ft 06/2905 

180 Asflnog 05/1207 

200 World Bank 5ft 03*2002 

214 World Bank 4ft 03/2003 

244 Quebec 4*2 10/25/17 

Portuguese Escudo 


101*000 

10X0000 

10X1250 

10X0000 

116ft 

113U 

105*303 


80 Bcolnvlmob 
165 Madeira 

221 Bco Inv Imob 

222 Bcolnvlmob 


06/27/11 11245 

06/3002 9X0000 
7ft 06*3008 101*492 73625 
7ft 09/3009 101.4964 7*200 


Spanish Peseta 

1 45 Spot n 1X15 01/31/06 1213830 83600 

181 Spain 1X10 02/2001 114*830 8J90Q 

189 Spain 11*0 01/1502 121*100 93900 

202 Spain 10M 1030/03 121.4000 8*500 

245 Spain 8*0 04/30/06 112*450 7*000 


Swedish Krona 


118Sweden 
160 Sweden 1036 
247 Sweden 


11 01/21/99 1123043 9J900 
10ft 05AKAXJ 1153950 8*800 
6 02/09/05 94.9866 63200 


Swiss Franc 

243 Weslpoc Bldng X137 06/30*98 99.9340 XI 400 


UAPoBa r 

9 Brazfl Cap XL 4ft 

19 Argentina FRN 6ft 

39 Brazil 910* 6ft 

47 Brazil L 6ft 

51 Argentina par L 5ft 

53 Venezuela 6ft 

65 Mexico lift 

66 Bulgaria 61* 

69 Brazil S.L 6tt» 

78 Venezuela par A 6ft 
84 Mexico par B 6ft 

91 Brazil par ZJ 5 

93 Bulgaria 6'V* 

99 Brazil S_ZI 6ft 

105 Argentina 5»ftt 

106 Italy 6ft 

108 Mydta Trust 6>Vfc 

ill Mexico par A 6W 

117EIB zero 

126 Ecuador 3 

138 BrazS S.L 6ft 

142 BNG 5ft 

144 Mexico A 6453 

149 Argentina L 6ft 

151 Mexico 7ft 

154 Mexico D 6352 

157 Mexico C 6ft 

158 Argentina 11 

159 Argentina 5773 

162 Brazil 4ft 

167 credit Suisse 5455 

166 Poland 4 

169 Bk Nova SCOtta 5473 

173 Russia 9ft 

177 Bulgaria 2ft 

179 CADES zero 

187Miura 3ft 

188 Fort Mat Crwfit 6ft 

190 MBL Inti Fin 3 

196 Venezuela 6ft 

197 Mexico lift 

198 BNP 6307 

203 Mexico 9ft 

204 BTC Capital 6348 
208 Poland 6ft 

21BEIB 7ft 

220 Italy 9ft 

227 Fst USA Credit 

232 Argentina W» 

234 Ecuador par 3ft 

236CredU0ttaBam 5*6 

237 Panama pdi 4 

241 World Bank 9ft 

246 Den Nonke Bk 5ft 


04/15/14 814183 5*300 
03/29/05 87*000 7*100 
01/D1/01 96*800 6.7093 
04/15/06 874556 74300 
03/31/23 60*169 8*800 
12/18*7 864400 7*197 
05/15/26 104*00011*000 
07/28/11 5X49491X2400 
04/15/12 75*800 8.6500 
03/31/20 75*938 8.9300 
12/31/19 7X1200 8*500 
04/15*24 6X7917 7*400 
07/28*24 56254911*900 
04/15/24 773855 84100 
04/D1AI1 12X7500 4*334 
09/27/23 94.7500 73600 
09/15/07 817247 7.9875 
12/31/19 74.1294 84300 
11/06/26 13ft 69400 
02/28/15 6X2092 47500 
04/15/09 81*717 8*200 
12/Z7/D0 997500 5*900 
12/31/19 861297 74900 
03/31/23 75*861 84900 
08AKAJ1 10X2000 7*500 
12/28/19 860600 7*800 
12/31/19 863854 7*800 
10/09/06 10X250010*500 
12/28/99 36468815*312 
04/15/14 8X1330 54000 
03/26/97 99*697 54900 
10/27/14 843667 67500 
12/16/99 99*300 54800 
11/27/01 967500 9*600 
07/28/12 384575 5*500 
01/19/97 97.1223 70*800 
12/27/00 88.0320 44000 
06/0901 100*000 6*400 
11/3002 1060000 2*300 
03/31/07 90*804 7.1500 
09/15/16 10X7500 1X9600 
12/31/99 99*655 63500 
0206*01 1033500 94400 
12/30/26 97*200 65223 
10*27/24 973133 66900 
09/18*06 10X2500 69000 
03*01/991073500 8.9700 
02/11/02 10X3476 
04/01A77 108*000 53275 
02/28/25 46*800 7*100 
01/30*7 994133 5*900 
07/17/16 77*800 5.1700 
02/01/99 107.0000 9.0000 
1V15/99 99*455 5*900 
11/24/97 10X7500 67000 


The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, Jan. 6-1 0 

A schedule of ffws wort's economic and financial events. compBod lor the tnurrmtbiml Hwvkl Tribune by Bhombug fitusewos News. 


Asia-Pacific 

Expected Manila: The Asian Institute of Man- 
This Week age men l and the Japanese Cham- 
ber ot Commerce sponsor a busi- 
ness seminar, “Partnering with the 
Japanese." Tuesday to Friday; PCI 
Leasing & Finance Corp. listed on 
the stock exchange. 


Monday 
Jan. 6 


Hong Kong: British Chamber of 
Commerce hosts chairman Patrick 
Paul's first policy address. 

Manila: Metropolitan Waterworks 
and Sewerage System deadline for 
companies submitting bids to op- 
erate it 

Hong Kong: Construction output fig- 
ures for third quarter 1995; volume 
and price statistics of external trade 
for October. 

Annual meetings; Trans-Asia Oil 
and Energy Development Corp. 


Wednesday Annual meeting: Greater Asia Re- 
jan. 8 sources Corp. 


Europe 

Bonn: Industrial production data for 
November. 

Madrid: Labor Ministry expected to 
publish December unemployment 
figures; December new car sales. 
Vienna: Nomura International PLC 
opens international bond confer- 
ence. Thursday to Saturday. 

Bern: November retail sales fig- 
ures; December jobless figures. 
Paris: Bus shuttles restart in the 


Americas 

Burbank, California: Walt Disney 
Co. expected to file shareholder 
proxy statement 

Detroit North American Internation- 
al Auto Show. Until Wednesday. 

Las Vegas: International Winter 
Consumer Electronics Show. Thurs- 
day to Sunday. 

Dearborn, Michigan: Ford Motor 
Co. reports December auto sales. 
Washington: U.S. Agriculture De- 


Channel tunnel; Patrick Faure, com- partment releases weekly report on 


Bank Loans Soar to Developing States 


Tuesday 
Jan. 7 


Manila: Department of Public 
Works & Highways awards the con- 
tract for an extension of South Lu- 
zon Expressway. 

Tokyo: Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer Kenneth Clarke to meet with 
Finance Minister Hiroshi Mteuzuka. 

Hong Kong: Employment statistics 
for September, 

Tokyo: U.S.-Japan aviation talks re- 
sume; Bank of Japan announces 
principal figures of'financial institu- 
tions. The data include loans and 
deposits. 


merciai manager of Renault, holds 
press conference. 


Frankfurt: Bundesbank to call for 
bids on securities repurchases 
Rome: Final gross domestic figure 
for third-quarter 1996. 

Vienna: December and year-end 
wholesale price report December 
unemployment report 

Frankfurt: Bundesbank to allot se- 
curities repurchases; Deutsche 
Bank AG holds press conference on 
new domestic banking structure. 
Paris: Court ruling on Air Uberte 
takeover by British Airways. 
Stockholm: December jobless data. 

Frankfurt: Bundesbank policy-mak- 
ing council meets. 

Nuremberg: December unemploy- 
ment figures. 

Madrid: October industrial data. 
Paris: December consumer confi- 
dence survey. 

Frankfurt: European Monetary In- 
stitute presents report on the op- 
erational framework of the Euro- 
pean System of Central Banks. 
Oslo: December consumer prices 
Stockholm: November trade bal- 
ance- 


planting progress; Nasdaq holds 
briefing on new order-handling 
rules. 

New York: Johnson Redbook re- 
search service releases weekly sur- 
vey of total U.S. safes at more than 
20 department, discount and chain 
stores. 

Washington: November factory or- 
ders. 

San Jose, California: Semiconduc- 
tor Industry Association releases 
monthly book-to-bill ratio for De- 
cember. 

Washington: Mortgage applications 
report; Federal Reserve System re- 
ports November consumer credit 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports Initial weekly state unemploy- 
ment compensation insurance 
claims; Federal Reserve System re- 
ports weekly money supply data. 
Commerce Department reports 
November wholesale trade. 

Fayetteville, Arkansas: Tyson 
Foods Inc. holds annual meeting. 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports December unemployment fig- 
ures; Federal Reserve System re- 
leases weekly report on commercial 
and industrial loans. 


CaapHol fry Our Saf hart 

BASEL. Switzerland — Lending by 
leading industrialized nations to devel- 
oping countries surged by a record 6.59 
percent, or $60.7 billion, in the first half 
of 1996 as European banks extended 
their dominance of international bank 
lending, the Bank for International Set- 
tlements said Sunday. 

Industrial companies in emerging 
economies increasingly borrowed di- 
rectly from major international banks, 
bypassing their domestic banking sys- 
tems, the monitor of international bank- 
ing markets said. 

Lending from hanks in industrial na- 
tions to developing nations totaled 
$920.6 billion by mid- 1996, with flows 
to Asia setting a record while lending to 
Eastern Europe and Latin America was 
sustained, BIS said in its latest survey of 
international hank lending. 

The surge in lending was encouraged 
by improved economic management in 
borrowing countries, as well as relat- 
ively low interest rates and weak cor- 
porate demand in industrial countries, 
both of which led major banks to look 
elsewhere for high returns. 

European banks expanded their in- 
volvement in the developing world and 
raised their market share of all inter- 
national lending to 54 percent, against 
14.2 percent for North American banks 


and 18.2 percent for Japanese banks. 

The Bank for International Settle- 
meats said North American internation- 
al banking showed signs of recovery, 
including expanded activity in Eastern 
and Central European markets after hav- 
ing retrenched there to 1992 levels. 

In contrast, growth in lending by Jap- 
anese h anks to developing nations came 
to a virtual standstill 

European banks, which have been the 
most active in Latin America in the past 
decade, also overtook Japanese banks in 
the Asian region. 

European h anks — especially Ger- 
man. French, Dutch and British — 
raised their market share of lending to 
Asia to 40 percent in die first half from 
36 percent at the end of 1994. 

Japanese banks’ share of Asian lend- 


ing fell to 34 percent from 39 percent, 
while the share held by North American 
banks rose to 1 1 percent from 9 percenL 

“This increased presence in Asia can 
be related not only to toe liberalization of 
local finan cial mark ets and the dynamism 
of the region but also to foe limited scope 
for expansion wi thin Western Europe and 
the perceived difficulties in trying to ac- 
cess the U.S. market,” BIS said. 

New lending to Asia accelerated in 
die first half to a record $34.7 b illion. 
with South Korea, and Thailand account- 
ing for more than half die total. 


Most of the new lending in Asia wait 
to. the nonbank private sector, with its 
share of the total outstanding amounting 
to 48 percent Worldwide, the no nbank 
sector accounted for a record 42 percent 
. nf outs tanding loans, up from 38 percent 
at the end of 1994. 

While hanks in most European coun- 
tries increased their lending to Larin 
America, Spanish banks ranked first in 
new lending. 

BIS reported that 13 percent of all 
outstanding international loans _ by 
Sp anish hanks to itonmdustrialmsd 
countries were to Mexican, borrowers, 
well above the 6.9 percent share for 
British acid French banks. 

But Spanish banks continue to lag 
U.S. and other European banks in total 
lending to Mexico, which owes S57.1 
billion to hanks in industrialized coun- 
tries whose banks report to BIS. 

UJS. banks account for almost a third 
of rite outstanding total, well above 
French banks, the second largest group 
at 113 percenL Spanish banks rank 
sixth with 52 percent 

The countries that report to BIS are 
Austria, Belgium, Britain, Canada, 
Denmark. Finland, France, Germany, 
Ireland, Italy, Japan. Luxembourg, the 
Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, 
Switzerland and the United States. 

(Reuters. AFP) 


Mexico to Launch a $1 Billion Issue 


Reuters 

NEW YORK — Taking advantage 
of the abundant liquidity in the in- 
ternational capital markets, Mexico is 
racing to offer a $1 billion global bond 
issue in the new year. 

The proposed new issue will be a 
fixed-rate, do liar-denominated issue 
that would mature in 10 years, with 
Merrill Lynch & Co. and Salomon 
Brothers Inc. as joint lead managers. 

Mexico has five-year, 20-year and 


30-year global braids outstanding and 
the 10-year issue would fill the gap on 
the yield curve, said Tulio Vera, a 
managing director at Bear, Stearns & 
Co. “It is a logical choice.” 

Judging by the price of Mexico’s 
quasi-sovereign Eurobond of similar 
maturity, which trades at 320 basis 
points over comparable U.S. Treas- 
uries. the new issue is likely to be 


priced slightly tighter, he said. 

The proposed jumbo global issue is 
timed to cash in on the still ample 
liquidity in the international capital 
market, Mr. Veranoted. 

“The market is receptive to emerg- 
ing market sovereigns,” he said. “It 
should be well received.” 

With local and congressional elec- 
tions due to take place in Mexico this 
summer, market jitters could also 
complicate capital-raising efforts, 
traders said. 

Recent volatility in the U.S. Treas- 
ury market added a further element of 
uncertainty in the pricing, but the risk 
is perceived lower now than in the 
second half of the year if the yield for 
the U.S. long bond continues to trend 


higher, they said. 
The economic 


The economic recovery in Mexico 
bas made the country a strong can- 


didate for a credit upgrade, which 
could happen as early as this spring, 
one trader said. 

“We are upbeat on Mexico’s fun- 
damentals,” she said, noting that the 
market usually prices in an upgrade six 
to nine months before it is actually 
awarded. 

Mexico has been given a BB rating 
by Standard & Poor’s Corp. and a Ba2 
rating by Moody’s Investors Service 
Inc. 

Traders said the announcement of 
the new bond nudged some other Mex- 
ican issues higher in a quiet market. 

“It focused attention on Mexico,” 
said a trader, noting that the coming 
road shows and publicity surrounding 
die launch would invariably highlight 
the positive aspects of Mexico's econ- 
omy and push the prices of existing 
debt higher. 


INVEST: Money Managers See Allure in Some Old- World Stocks 


Continued from Page II 

pressure on wages “is keeping the cost 
side of the equation very subdued.” 

Then there is the issue of European 
integration, with planned monetary uni- 
on at the beginning of 1999. Many in- 
ternational-fund managers say they 
think this will eventually prove a mod- 
erate plus for stock markets — and a 
welcome step toward simpler hedging 
of currency. 

But money managers fret that in the 
short run the need to meet qualifying 
standards for monetary union has meant 
policies of deficit reduction and of re- 
luctance to cut interest rates to spur 
growth. 

“It could be a fairly austere year from 
a government-spending point of view,” 
Mr. Gerding said. He added that he saw 
only “a decent environment” in 1997, 
with most European economies “not 
robust at all" 

Still, Mr. Gerding and portfolio man- 
agers who are more generally encour- 
aged about prospects for investing in 
Europe find plenty of interesting cor- 
porate situations, especially in France 
and Germany. 

Mr. Gerding is particularly fond these 
days of Volkswagen AG, which shows 
strong revenue growth and expanding 
operating margins, and Guilbert SA, a 


large French distributor of ■ office 
products whose earnings be expects to 
climb 25 percent annually for the next 
few years. He also likes Baan Co., a 
Dutch software company. 

Carol Franklin, lead manager of the 
$2.5 billion Scudder International fund, 
praises the way Hoechst AG, the Ger- 
man phamiaceutical company, has em- 
braced the idea of spin-offs and job cuts 
in an effort to please stockholders, 
whom she called “a new life form” to 
many Europ ean managements. 

“Shareholders have not been the 
highest priority” in mud) of Europe, 
where governments and unions play ma- 
jor roles in business decision making. 
Ms. Franklin said. But now “tins is 
changing — because it has to,” she 
said. 

Ms. Franklin also likes the way Euro- 
peans have begun to outsource various 
corporate functions, such as computer 
services; one of her favorite companies 
in this area is Ge Ironies NV, a Dutch 
concern. 

This trend is related to the aggressive 
sell-off of state enterprises that reached 
a record $43 billion last year and that 
J. P. Morgan & Co. predicts will jump 
23 percent in 1997. 

But some of the favorable trends may 
prove glacially .slow, or shy on sub- 
stance. Perhaps, as Mr. Gerding says. 


much of the most appealing privati- 
zation has already occurred. 

But this has not discouraged stock- 
pickets like Robert Q. Wyckoff Jr. and 
his colleagues at Tweedy, Browne in 
New Yoric. They are adept at finding 


opportunity regardless of larger trends 
that might be ominous for the market, 
like the rising interest rates that some 
see for Europe in 1997 or the likelihood 
of a Labour Party victory in British 
elections. 

“We’ve found more bargains in 
second-tier stocks in Western Europe 
i “ywhere else around the 

worid, Mr. Wyckoff said, noting that 
he has also been encouraged by more 
accomhng standardization there and a 
antnnsm among institutional 
stodcholtters. About 60 percent of the 
Tweedy Browne Global Value Fund, 
not cwmtmg the 9 percent in cash, is 

rinrtS^^ ?Stera c E, ? rop5 * wWl par- 
heuiar emphasis on Switzerland 

Two favorites of Tweedy, Browne’ s 
are Edipresse SA, a Swiss newspaper 
chain selling at eight times earnfogsand 
Ksstfan M the film’s eXtt 
wm*. and Ftanco Tea SpA, *, iSiS 
water distribution and 

SfflSKSSSM® 


Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock Indexes 


U need States 
DJ Indus. 

□J UHL 
DJ Trans. 

5 & P 1§0 
5&P500 
SAP tad 
NYSE Q) 
Nasdaq Cp 
Japan 

N BUud 225 

Britain 

FTSE1DQ 

Canada 

TSi "Indus. 

Branca 

CAC40 

Bennaiw 1 

DAX 


Money Rates 


19*61*5 19*69*4 —0*4 
4*69*0 4*91*0 —0*4 

591949 590241 +039 

2*8276 2*06*5 —1*5 
MSP**' 2*32*8 4-032 


Prime rate 
Fedend funds rate 


Caff money 
3-taoafti kitart enfc 

Britain 

Sank base rata 
COHnamy 
3-morth tatartnnk 

France 

Intel tuition tult 
CoU money 
3-montn Intertwnk 


Cad money 


13*227913404.14 —US 


lyiSCiP 814*4 820*4 — 0*4 London pjo. 

MMtfMejrttnai Mourn Stonier CaptkSMt fftrapecBW. 


Jun.3 

Dee. 27 

5*0 

5*0 

BM 

8ti 

5*0 

5*0 

0*0 

050 

042 

046 

056 

050 

6*0 

6*0 

6V* 

6*0 

. 6ft 

6ft 

175 

315 

3ft 

3ft 

3ft 

3VU 

450 

450 

3.12 

380 

3.15 

3.15 

Jan. 3 Dec 27% OTue 

364*0 36940 

• 146 


Eurobond Yields 

Jra.1 04C27YrMgfc total 

US. Slang*™ 6*9 647 6J8 tun 

U5.S,mdmtam 613 6*3 6.13 SJo 

U*.*9ftMKitt 6*1 £87 6*1 6*1 

Poands staffing- 7S3 744 7*2 7si 

tsstsr sssl 

&£!% H IS K S 

iS&SSSL a » » si 

Can. 3 580 5*0 5*0 5*0 

w a a a b 

Yen 1*5 1*0 1*5 1*4 

SounxUuemixx w triocteKltaBge. 


Weekly Sales 

Pjtooy Mortal ■ 

5m Bk 

SSf *= “« 
I? <*£<38 

TOW 4,7362 4*38* 

B aSgslilf 


SSt 

t Nous 

mm nj 

— 1724 

_ 

2*28* 2*M* 

Wd5* 2*40* 


12*56.1 


Libor Rates 


ILS.S 5ft 5ft 

Deutsche owk 3ft 3ft 

Pound ttadtog fifr. . 6ft 

So u rces . UofrbBank. Reuters. 


zr- -Ttt 

n * vw 


• V - r •: 



i 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


PAGE 13 


o 


& 


Korea’s Public Workers 


Cemptedby Or Stiff Fnm, Dfspa^ha 

SEOUL — South Korea's outlawed 
Korea Confederation of Trade Unions 
said Sunday it would delay strikes by 

snirw nnMip-cw fiw < J 


—f wtajr aui*CS OV 

A s®™ 8 public-sector union workers to 
minimize inconvenience to fee public. 
The confederation had said* earlier 


_ — ™.™, luuuu iiflu saiu earner 

tnai unions at state-run corporations, fee 
subway system, hospitals and broad- 
casting companies would join other 
strikers beginning Tuesday. 

But a spokesman for the confeder- 
ation, Kim Yoo Sun, said Sunday: ‘ ‘We 
decided to postpone strikes at subways, 
fee state-run Korea Telecom and the 
Korea Mint Corn. Our enemy is the Kim 


Young Sam government and not the 
people.” 

He did not say when they might join 
fee strikes. 

Thousands of unionized workers 
staged rallies in big cities on Sunday, 
including Seoul and Pusan, to back their 
demand for fee repeal of a controversial 
labor law feat gives employers the right 
to lay off employees, hire temporary 
workers and replace strikers. 

Witnesses said the number of pro- 
testers had dropped sharply from Sat- 
urday, when about 96,000 workers at 46 
South Korean companies, including Kia 
Motors Corp. and Hyundai Heavy In- 


MILLSj China’s Textile Wbrkers Lose Jobs 


Continued from Page 1 

found work largely because they prove 
willing to put up with fee same kinds of 
working conditions that sparked fee up- 
risings in Shanghai in the 1920s. 

Factory owners — some private from 
abroad, others from various sectors of 
the Chinese government in joint ven- 
tures — have set up manufacturing 
plants in outlying, rural areas around 
Anhui and other nearby provinces. 
Workers there draw between $38 and 
$76 a month, compared wife tbe average 
Shanghai wage of more than $100. 
Adding to the irony, many of the new 
plants have been started up by overseas 
Chinese from Hong Kong and else- 
where — scions of wealthy families feat 
fled Shanghai when fee textile workers 
and their revolution tri umphed along 
wife Mao. 

In addition, fee Chinese government 
has initiated a “go West” — * — 1 


seeking to move textile mam 
from its historical center in Shanghai to 
places where raw materials such as cot- 
ton, wool and silk are produced. This 
reduces transport and cuts production 
costs, making Chinese textiles more 
competitive, Wu Wenying, president of 
the China National Textile CoonciLsaid 
at a conference in Beijing last week. 

The Shanghai Heqing Embroidery 
and Garment Factory was among the 
first to catch the new wave. It was 
founded in 1979 by the peasants of 
Heqing Township, about an hour’s 
drive east of central S hanghai and well 
beyond fee new municipal industrial 
area of Pu Dong. After starting wife a 
handful, the factory now employs 2,800 
workers. 

Zhang Hui Ming, 42, an assistant 
manager, said fee work force comes 
almost exclusively from towns and rural 
areas even farther from Shanghai than 
Heqing. Mostly young men, fee workers 
sign three-year contracts that provide 
for salaries below the Shanghai level 
and few of fee social benefits such as job 
security and health care that were the 


main, attraction of Shanghai's creaky 
stale-owned factories. 

“The workers there had nothing to 
worry about,” be said. “They had 
health care, social security and other 
benefits. But here, the workers are from 
fee' surrounding provinces, and they 
have no such security. If the factory 
loses, they lose, too. So workers here 
work enthusiastically.” 

- Mr. Zhang and his fellow managers 
have guided the Heqing enterprise to 
sales of $12^ million a year, speaking 
the language of “realignment” and 
“flexibility.” They recently opened a 
sales office in San Francisco. 

When the Heqing workers get restive 
about their low wages, Mr. Zhang said, 
the factory plans to move farther out in 
the country. A lease already has been 
signed far a potential site in a distant 
province where fee wages are even 
lower. 

“Oar system is getting closer to fee 
capitalist system,” Mr. Zhang said. 
“The boss can choose the worker, and 
ihe boss can fire fee worker. The worker 
can also fire the boss — by just leav- 
ing.” 

Miss Tran, who cooked in her satin 
factory's employee cafeteria, found this 
out diehard way, when a plant manager 
came to her door one morning and ex- 
plained the job she had held for 16 years 
was gone. - 

In a way, however. Miss Tian was 
one of fee lucky ones. Her husband, who 
works in a machine tool factory, has 
retained the family’s two-room apart- 
ment as part of his benefits. So they have 
remained in their home in Shanghai's 
Liang Chung neighborhood, and their 
14-year-old son has stayed in school 

But fee health care has aided. The 
last time Miss Tian went to a hospital for 
a shot, she paid $8 and applied far a 
reimbursement Nothing has come, and 
fee expects nothing will. 

“The people at fee factory said they 
would continue with fee health care.” 
fee said. “But I guess they don't have 
the money.” 


Delay Joining Strikes 


dustries Co., had turned out for demon- 
strations. 

About 200 unions with 230,000 
members at major carmakers, ship- 
builders and financial institutions will 
go on strike Monday morning as sched- 
uled. the confederation said. 

4 ‘ From Tuesday, workers at hospitals 
and broadcasting companies will join in 
the work stoppage,” said Mr. Kim. 

The confederation and fee nation’s 
largest union group, the Federation of 
Korea Trade Unions, said they would 
escalate industrial action until the gov- 
ernment repeals the law. 

The two umbrella union groups be- 


tween them claim membership of 1.7 
million in most of South Korea’s major 
industries and public-sector services. 

The government has argued that 
changes in the law would benefit unions 
and employers by creating a more flex- 
ible labor market. 

The strikes erupted on Dec. 26 after 
the ruling New Korea Party pushed 
through the new labor law during a 
clandestine session of Parliament, 

The stoppages, which affected car 
and ship production, hospitals and sub- 
ways. were suspended until after the 
New Year holidays in a goodwill ges- 
ture to the public. (7? Bloomberg) 


Disney Faces Lawsuit 
As Ovitz Leaves Early 


Ca^Ad by (hr SuffFmn Dispatch* t 

LOS ANGELES — Michael Ovitz 
left as president of Walt Disney Co. 
on Dec. 27, a month earlier than ex- 
pected. and his multimillion-dollar 
severance package was paid then, fee 
company said. 

When Disney announced Mr. 
Ovitz’ s departure on Dec. 12, it said he 
would remain president until Jan. 31. 
But Tom Deegan. a Disney spokes- 
man, said over fee weekend that fee 
company later agreed feat Mr. Ovitz, 
SO, could leave earlier and still receive 
tile severance package. 

Stockholders filed suit against Dis- 
ney in Los Angeles Superior Court on 
Friday, contending that Mr. Ovitz did 
not deserve a multimiflion-doDar sev- 
erance for his 14-monfe ten- 

ure as Disney’s No. 2 executive. 

Mr. Ovitz received about $38 mil- 
lion in cash severance and the rest in 
stock options. The stockholders claim 
the total package is valued at $130 
million or more. 

Mr. Deegan said the suit was with- 
out merit. He declined to give details 
about Mr. Ovitz’s severance package, 
but a spokesman for Mr. Ovitz said 
last month that the package contained 
$50 milli on in cash and $40 million in 
stock options. 

Mr. Deegan said details of the sev- 
erance package would be disclosed in 
fee company's annual proxy state- 
ment this week. He did not say when 
fee proxy would he released. 

The lawsuit filed Friday says that 
Mr. Ovitz, the former talent agent 
once heralded as Hollywood’s most 
powerful dealmaker, was “undistin- 
guished and unproductive” as Dis- 
ney's president 

Mr. Ovitz had difficulty adjusting to 


his roll as No. 2 to Michael Eisner, the 
chairman of Disney and a longtime 
friend of Mr. Ovitz's. Studio exec- 
utives said Mr. Ovitz bore the brunt of 
the blame for some highly publicized 
missteps, including clashes with top 
Disney officials. 

But shareholders said Disney's de- 
cision not to pick a successor for Mr. 
Ovitz showed “the lack of any real 
need for the position Ovitz baa been 
selected to fill and Ovitz's failure, 
throughout the course of his employ- 
ment as Disney's president, to un- 
dertake or provide any significant ser- 
vice,” according to the lawsuit. 

The plaintiffs claimed a breach of 
fiduciary responsibility and waste, 
and asked the court to freeze fee sev- 
erance agreement until fee lawsuit is 
resolved. They also asked for un- 
specified damages. 

The suit called the severance “so 
egregiously excessive as to constitute 
waste and spoliation of Disney's re- 
sources." 

The suit was filed against 13 cur- 
rent and former Disney officers and 
directors. 

The defendants include Mr. Eisner, 
Mr. Ovitz. Vice Chairman Roy Dis- 
ney, and Stephen Bollenbach, the 
former chief financial officer who is 
now chief executive of Hilton Hotels 
Coip. 

The suit asks that fee {payment be 
held off until the lawsuit is resolved. 

But Mr. Deegan said the suit was 
4 'late in calling for injunctive relief in 
that Ovitz's employment officially 
ended on Dec. 27, and severance was 
paid at that time.” 

There has been no word on Mr. 
Ovitz's post-Disney plans. 

(Bbomberg, AP) 


Manila Sets a Plan to Divide 
And Sell Off Power Generation 


Reuters 

MANILA — National Power 
Corp. of the Philippines plans to set 
up seven power-generating compa- 
nies and sell them to the private sector 
as part of its privatization program, 
the stale-owned company said in doc- 
uments released Sunday. 

Guido Delgado, president of Na- 
tional Power, said that its power-gen- 
eration business would be taken over 
by the seven companies with four 
intended to serve the main island of 
Luzon and three handling power for 
the central and southern islands. 

Ownership of those power-gener- 


ating companies would then be 
offered to the private sector. 

The’ transmission of power, 
however, will remain a state mono- 
poly because major grids still have to 
be connected. Mr. Delgado said. 

National Power currently controls 
both power generation and power 
transmission in the Philippines. 

Mr. Delgado said that the privat- 
ization program of National Power 
depended on passage by the Phil- 
ippine Congress of a law sanctioning 
a restructuring of fee power sector. 

He said that the bill was likely to be 
passed this year. 


SHORT COVER 


Highlands Proposes Spin-Off Deal With Placer 

BRISBANE, Australia (Bloomberg) — Highlands Gold Ltd. offered on Sunday 
to sell its 25 percent stake in the Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea to 
Canada's Placer Dome Inc. and to spin off the rest of its assets into a new company 
to be called Highlands Pacific Ltd. 

The offer is fee response to a takeover bid for Highlands from Placer Dome and 
a subsequent proposal from the Canadian miner to buy just the Porgera stake. Placer 
Dome recently offered Highlands stockholders 75 Australian cents (.60 U.S. cents) 
a share for the whole company. 

Highlands Gold is proposing that all shares in fee company feat are not owned by 
Placer Dome be canceled in exchange for a payment of 65 cents plus one share in 
Highlands Pacific for each Highlands Gold share. Placer Dome said it controlled 
40.8 percent of Highlands Gold on Dec. 30. 

Schneider’s Lawyers Say He Faces Charges 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — Lawyers for Juergen Schneider, blamed for one of the 
most spectacular corporate collapses in German history, said Sunday that German 
prosecutors had filed criminal charges against fee disgraced property tycoon. 

Mr. Schneider’s lawyer, Christoph RueckeL, did not derail the charges, but he has 
said they would include fraud, falsifying documents and fraudulent bankruptcy. 

Frankfurt prosecutors will bold a news conference Monday to announce details 
of fee charges against Mr. Schneider, whose property empire collapsed in April 
1994 under fee weight of some 5 billion Deutsche marks ($3.23 billion) in debt A 
trial is not expected to start before mid- 1997. 

Fed Governor Hints at Steady Rate Outlook 

NEW ORLEANS (Bloomberg) — The U.S. economy is growing slowly enough 
to keep the Federal Reserve Board from raising its target for fee federal funds rate 
on overnight bank loans soon. Laurence Meyer, a governor at the Federal Reserve 
Board, suggested Sunday. 

After expanding at close to a 3 percent annual rate in fee fourth quarter of 1996. 
growth in gross domestic product should slow to a rate of 2.0 percent to 2 .5 percent 
rate this year and next, Mr. Meyer said at a conference in New Orleans. 

Mr. Meyer said the U.S. economy was almost ideally positioned. “We have low, 
stable inflation, a seven-year low unemployment rate. What’s not to like?” he said. 

For the Record 

• Taiwan 's trade surplus totaled $14 billion in 1 996. the highest level since 1 990, the 
state-funded Central News Agency quoted officials as saying on Sunday. The island 
had exports of $1 16.10 billion in 1996, while imports totaled $102.1 billion. 

• Volkswagen AG plans to build a new minicar at its main factory in Germany in 
a bid to prove feat small vehicles can be profitably built there, fee Frankfurt 
AUgemeine Zeitung reported Saturday. 

• Leo Kirch, a German media mogul, has taken advantage of a new law on 
television-ownership rights to raise his stake in the German television network 
SAT-1 to 59 percent from 43 percent. Focus magazine reported Saturday. Reuters 


NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


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Stocks Dfv YM HQiHtotiLOtf QnO«e 


Consoftteted prices for a* shares 
traded during week ended Friday. 
Jan. 3 



Continued on Page 14 



You can understand computers 
now. Or wait for your children 
to explain them to you later. 


Understanding comes with TIME. 





PACE 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY. JANUARY 6, 1997 




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Recipes Inspired by Her Farmhouse in France 









Patricia Wells 
at Home in. Provence 


Recipes Inspired By Her Farmhouse in France 
Photographs by Robert Fr£sok 


Hardback. 384 pages, 75 four-color photographs. 


wrmwnoNAL 


THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


Return your order to international Herald Tribune Offers. 

37 Lambton Road. London SW20 OLW. England. For faster service, fax order lu: (44-181} 944 8243. 


Please«end me copies of Patricia Wells at 

Horn* in Provence, at UKE28 (US$44) each, including 
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£4.50 (US$7.25) per copy. 

r * Name (taWodilciieisl — 

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For the past thirteen years, 
Patricia Weils has been carrying on a 
love affair not with an individual, but 
with a region of France, a centuries-old 
stone farmhouse, and a cuisine. Now. 
in a cookbook that captures the soul of 
modern regional French cooking, the 
award-winning journalist and autbor 
invites readers to share the passion, 
the joy. and. best of all, the cooking of 
her adopted home. 

Provence is uniquely blessed with 
natural beauty as w ell as some of the 
world's most appealing foods and liveli- 
est wines. Patricia's culinary skills have 
transformed tbe signature ingredients 
of this quintessential French country- 
side into recipes so satisfying and 
exciting they will instantly become part 
of your daily repertoire. 

Here are 175 recipes from 
Patricia's farmhouse kitchen. As you 
read and cook from this book, gener- 
ously illustrated with the captivating 
color pictures of famed photographer 
Robert Frcson, you will feel as if you 
have actually Joined Patricia Wells in 
her beloved stone farmhouse, and her 
passion for the foods, flavors, and peo- 
ple of Provence will become yours. 

Patricia Wells has lived in France 
since 1980. where she is the restaurant 
critic for the International Herald 
TM bune. She is the author of five best- 
selling books: The Food Lover's Guide 
to Paris. The Food hovers Guide to 
France. Bistro Cooking. Simply French. 
and Patricia Wells' Trattoria. 





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■ Listings - Daily ■ Money Report - Weekly ■ 

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PACE 16 


SPORTS 


Von Gmenigen Captures 
Slalom by Huge Margin 


Orap^tyOtrSuiffFr^.th^ardrs 

KRANJSKA GORA, Slovenia — 
Michael Von Grueoigen of Switzerland 
surprised even himself Sunday when he 
won a men *s World Cup giant slalom by 
the huge margin of 1.64 seconds. 


The demanding Podkoren piste 
Voda 


suited the World Cup champion's 
smooth, elegant style. He skied two 
flawless runs for a total time of 2 
minutes 13.42 seconds and his second 
victory of the season. 

Siegfried Voglreiter of Austria was a 
distant second in 2:15.06 and Kje til- An- 
dre Aamodt of Norway third in 2: 1 5.78. 

“I was definitely not expecting to 
win by such a big margin,” Von Gru- 
enigen said. “It is a very difficult and 
bumpy hQl. but such conditions have 
always favored me." 

Alberto Tomba disappointed his 
many Italian fans by crashing out late on 


the second run in his first giant slalom 
appearance of the season. 

Meanwhile, in Maribor, Slovenia, on 
Saturday. Pemilla Wiberg of Sweden 
won the women's slalom in driving 
snow and thick fog. 

Wiberg led by .3 seconds after the 
first run. She was the last skier to leave 
the start house in the second run after 
organizers decided to reverse the start- 
ing sequence of the first 30 racers rather 
than only the first 15. as is done when 
conditions are poor. 

It started snowing heavily just as 
Wiberg came down die run. Neverthe- 
less. she increased her lead over her 
rivals. She had a combined time of 1 
minute. 44.55 seconds, nearly .8 seconds 
ahead of Slovenia's Urska Hiovau 
Lara Magoni of Italy was third, her 
best result since joining the World Cup 
circuit in 1987. (AP. Reuters) 


South Africa Sets High Target 


Reuters 

CAPE TOWN — South Africa 
tightened its grip on the second test 
against India on Sunday. 

South Africa declared its second in- 
nings closed at 256 runs for six wickets, 
three overs after tea. to set India a target 
of 423 runs to win the test — and then 
took three Indian wickets. 

Sachin Tendulkar, who made a bril- 
liant 169 in India's first innings, was 
undefeated on six at the close of the fourth 
day as India finished on 52 for three. 

Tendulkar must hat all day Monday 
to avoid a second defeat or help India 
score a further 375 runs to level the 
three-test series. 


West Indies vs. Australia Brian Lara 
scored his first century of the tour 
Sunday as the West Indies beat Aus- 
tralia by seven wickets in a high-scoring 
limited-overs international in Brisbane. 

Lara scored 1 02 to set West Indies on 
course for victory in their World Series 
encounter with seven balls to spare at the 
Gabba. Chasing Australia's 2S 1 for four 
in 50 overs. West Indies reached 284 for 
three on the strength of Lara's efforts and 
an equally impressive century by Carl 
Hooper, who finished on 1 10 not out 

Mark Waugh had scored 102 for Aus- 
tralia and Stuart Law had contributed 
93, joining with Waugh to add 145 runs 
for the second wicket 



Mixed-Doubles Rookie 

Helps U.S. Take Title 


/ 


Q*rdedtfOirSu#Fn- Dbpadxs 

PERTH, Australia — Justin Gimel- 
stob, a late replacement who had never 
played mixed doubles before this week, 
teamed with Chanda Rubin to give die 
United States its first title in the Hop- 
man Cup tennis champ ionship. 

Gimelstob and Rubin beat Wayne 
Ferreira and Amanda Coetzer. 3-6, 6-2, 
7-5, in the decisive mixed doubles 
match Saturday to earn a 2-1 victory 
over South Africa in the finaL 

Rubin defeated Coetzer 7-5, 6-2 in 
die opening women’s singles, before 
Ferreira tied the match with a 6-4, 7-6 
(7-4) victory over Gimelstob. 

The unseeded Americans won the 
match when they broke Coetzer's serve 
to love after 1 hour, 47 minutes, of 
mixed doubles action. 

Gimelstob, a 19-year old ranked 155th 
izz the world, was caDed from a vacation 
in Miami Beach to replace Rictey 


Kreg S md' A^nn Fm 

Gimelstob and Rubin celebrating Hopman victory for the United Sstates. 


Reneberg, who withdrew when, his wife 
became overdue with their first child. 

The United States had readied tbe final 
twice previously, with John McEnroe 
andPam Shrivcrin 1990 and with David 
Wheaton and Zina Garrison in 1991, but 
had not won in nine attempts. 

Prize money for the event was 
$640,000. The winning pair shared 
$176,000, giving Gimelstob his biggest 
payday, and the runners-up collected 
$96,000, 

• Jim Courier woo his 20th career 
tide as be beat Tim Henman of Britain, 


7-5, 6-7 (5-7), 6-2, Sunday in the final of 
the Qatar Open. 

Courier lost bis first two service 
games of the first set but fought back to 
3 - 3 . The first set turned in the 12 thjame 
when Courier took advantage of ms 
fourth set point to win. 

Courier’s experience was pivotal m 
the deciding set. He took a 4-0 lead as 
Henman committed a senes of unforced 
and sloppy errors- 

Courier, a former world No. 1, wdl 
rise to No. 15 in the rankings, which 
should guarantee him a seeded place at 
the Australian Open this month. Despite 
the defeat. Henman will rise to a career 
high No. 25. 

•Todd Woodbridge overwhelmed 
Scott Draper, 6-2. 6-1, in 57 minutes 
Sunday in the final of the $328,000 Aus- 
tralian hardcourt tennis championships. 

Tbe fourth-seeded Woodbridge used 
solid, serving and some crunching fore- 
hands to seal his second ATP Toot tide. 

• Fonder Australian Open champion 
May Pierce beat fifth-seeded Irina 
Spiriea of Romania on Sunday in the 
first round of the Sydney International, a 
warm-up event for the Australian Open, 
the first Grand Slam of the season. 

Pierce beat Spiriea. 6-3 4-6 6-4. 

• Elena Likhovtseva of Russia fought 

back from the brink of defeat Sunday to 
beat Ai Sugiyama of Japan, 3-6 7-6 (9- 
7) 6-3, in the final of tbe Gold Coast 
flavin women's tournament in Gold 
Coast, Australia. (AP, Reuters) 


r 

it , 






Can Ronaldo Keep His Golden Feet on the Ground? 



IhiiA l'nm/1-eiiT Irucr-nvr 

Brive ’s David Venditti trying to drive past Cardiff's Jonathan Davis. 


Italy Stoss Irish, 37-29, in Rugby 


Reuters 

Fly-half Diego Dominguez scored 22 
points as Italy stunned Ireland by 37-29 
in freezing weather in Dublin to en- 
hance its claims for a place in an ex- 
panded Five Nations rugby union cham- 
pionship. 

Dominguez scored the Iasi of Italy’s 
four tries on Saturday. He also set up the 
try for Paolo Vaccari that gave Italy the 
lead at 30-29. Vaccari and Massimo Cut- 
ti!la had each scored first half tries bat 
Italy trailed. 1S-17, at the break. 

Jonathan Bell scored Ireland's only 
try. All its other points came from pen- 


alties kicked by Paul Burke. 

• Brive of France gained a place in the 
European Cup final against Leicester 
with a 26-13 victory Sunday over Cardiff, 
las; year’s joaten finalists. David 
Vendim and Francois Dubosset scored 
second-half tries for Brive. Christophe 
Lamaison. whose kicking was erratic, 
landed five penalties. 

Leicester overpowered Toulouse, the 
European Cup holders, by 37-11 on 
SonnJay. 

a The United S‘.n?e? orened its tour of 
Wales Mith a 39-15 ioss at club side 
Neah on Saturday. 


New York runes Service 

B ARCELONA — Ronaldo may or 
may not be the next Pele, tbe next 
Diego Maradona or tbe next 
Marco Van Bastea. How can anyone 
know for certain what a newly wealthy 
and immensely talented 20-year-old 
striker with a primary-school education 
will make of his gifts? 

Ronaldo Luis Nazario de Lima has 
the potential to be soccer's next "great 
one." In this satellite-driven, market- 
ing-ridden age. that is enough to put the 
star-making machinery into overdrive. 

The fact that Ronaldo, like Pele be- 
fore him, is a Brazilian of humble ori- 
gins, and the fact that he started this 
season scoring goals at a blistering pace 
for one of the world's most prestigious 
clubs. FC Barcelona, only makes the 
dollar and peseta signs spin faster. 

"Will we control it?” said Bobby 
Robson. Barcelona's coach. “If it were 
left to the club. yes. But it's not up to the 
dub entirely, is it?” 

Robson gestured toward the door sep- 
arating the tranquil lounge in which he 
was speaking from a room crowded with 
the journalists who cover this club and 
Ronaldo on a manic daily basis. 

“How do you control that lot out 
there?” Robson said. “You’d like to, 
but you can't. They will write what they 
want So you just hope that Ronaldo as a 
boy will have the intelligence and com- 
mon sense to keep those feet on tbe 
ground.” 

Those feet, of course, are' what have 
caused the commotion. In July, Bar- 
celona bought Ronaldo for a record $20 
million from tbe Dutch club PSV Eind- 


By Christopher Clarey 


hoven. In one season in the Brazilian first 
division and two in the Netherlands, he 
had scored 108 goals in 1 10 matches. 

But despite Barcelona’s enormous 
investment and Ronaldo's glowing in- 
ternational reputation, the club was still 
unprepared for the force of his impact. 

It was not just that Ronaldo continued 
to score an average of a goal a match — 
die rate that defines supersordom in soc- 
cer. It was the way Roaaldo scored goals, 
weaving or bulling his way through de- 
fenses, the ball dinging to his foot 

Ronaldo has remarkable speed and 
skill, but what separates him from fel- 
low forwards is his strength. At 6 feet 
and 172 pounds, he looks like a mid- 
dleweight boxer with muscular 
shoulders and biceps. When opponents 
try to shove, hack or bump him off 
course. Ronaldo does not tumble me- 
lodramatically into a writ 


tried to tackle him with both arms. 

By the time he scored, even the Com- 
postelia fans were screaming. “Ron- 
akknnania” had arrived and, according 
to one study, tire goal was replayed 160 
times during the next 48 hours on the 
p rin cipal S panish television stations. 

a thigh injury ihaf sidelined 
briefly in November and nag- 
ging reports of record-smashing offers 
from other chibs, the fever has shown 
few signs of sharing, although die 2-0 
loss last month to archrival Real Madrid 
certainly did not increase his popularity. 


i thing heap. 
Ronaldo bumps back and dribbles on. 

“I’ve been m soccer a long time,” said 
Robson, 63, who coached the English 
national team. “And I don't think I've 
ever seen a player at 20 have so much.” 
Those who watched Pele star in and 
win a World Cup at age 17 might dis- 
agree. Mario Zagalo. Brazil’s national 
coach, believes Ronaldo should learn 
how to pass. But even Pele concedes 
that Ronaldo is special. 

In October, at Santiago de 
tel la, Ronaldo took the ball near midfield 
and embarked on a 40-yard run in which 
he beat five players, including one who. 
stealing a page from American football. 


T HAT LOSS prompted Ronaldo to 
question Robson's tactics politely 
yet openly, and judging from the 
jeers for Barca’s last match, he is not the 
only one experiencing doubts. 

While the city simmers, Ronaldo’s 
No. 9 jersey is in every souvenir shop on 
La Rambla, the city’s most famous thor- 
oughfare. For the All Saints' celebration 
in October, pastry maters put small 
portraits of Ronaldo (m toothpicks and 
stuck them into their creations. 

Born is Bento Riveiro, a very modest 
Rio suburb. Ronaldo grew up playing 
soccer on the streets and sleeping with a 
ball at nigbL His parents separated when 
he was 13, and his mother. Sonia began 
to pay the bills, 
spent two years with a 
second-division club, San Cristovao. 
coached by Jairzmho, a member of fee 
1970 Brazilian World Cup champion. 

At 16, he signed his first professional 



contract with first-division Cruzeiro in ■ 
Belo Horizonte. He stayed one season, 

panning sli ghtl y more than $2,000 for 

scoring 54 goals in 54 games before * 
joining PSV, receiving a $390,000 raise. . 
At 17 he became the youngest member of 
Brazil’s national team since Pele. but (fid I 
nothing more than cheer from the bench 
as Brazil won the 1994 World Cup. 

‘ ‘Sure, it was difficult, but I learned a i 
lot watching,” be said. “I am putting it 
to use now, and I plan an puttmg it to use . 
in France in 1998 where Brazil will have ■ 
a very young and very talented team.” 
Barcelona recently tore up his four- 
month-old contract, extending it through ~ 
2006 and doubling his salary to $4 mil- - 
Boo. 

Tbe star has a house near the beach 
and a contract with Nike. He has an 
expanding entourage that includes fi- . 
nancial advisers and new friends. What > 
Ronaldo does not have is an attitude. 

'*1 think in every club it is the same, 
that all the players are equal,” he said. 
“We are all playing wife the same goal: 
winning games. I like it that way: no - 
star, everybody fee same. It’s only out- 
side that it is different.” 

Ronaldo knows how early celebrity 
affected fee uneducated Maradona. 

“There’s no doubt feat we all can * 
learn from what happe n ed to 
Maradona, “he said. “There are a lot of 
bad people in soccer, and they try to take 
advantage of us. It depends on tire player 
whether he needs protection or not I 
personally have a strong personality. I . 
know what the people want from me. I - 
know wife whom I can go and talk and . 




- v.*l 
. -rsc 


:-5? 
■■ -- :-Vt» 




a X 

vt 


C; 


* Smi 




wife whom I cannot ' 


* 

••u-Jfc 


Scoreboard 


- e 
•V'jl 


NBA Standings 


ATLANTIC CHVHKHI 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Ulnml 

34 

B 

J50 

— 

New Vork 

22 

9 

.710 

116 

Washington 

16 

15 

.516 

Tvs 

Ortando 

11 

17 

J93 

11 

New Jersey 

8 

21 

J76 

1414 

PHtadrHpWa 

8 

22 

.267 

IS 

Boston 

6 

23 

.207 

!6’.S 

CENTRAL DtVJSION 



OUca go 

18 

4 

475 

— 

Detroit 

24 

7 

.774 

3’6 

Onetand 

21 

10 

j677 

6* 

Attanta 

18 

11 

-621 

8Vi 

Dentotte 

17 

14 

548 

1016 

Mttwmikee 

15 

15 

500 

>2 

hefiona 

14 

16 

Ml 

13 

Toronto 

10 

21 

323 

17>6 

WM1MH COWFlflWIlil 


MIDWEST onnsott 




W 

L 

Pet 

OB 

Houston 

24 

B 

J50 



Utah 

23 

B 

J42 

'.I 

Minnesota 

14 

13 

.433 

10 

Dofias 

10 

19 

J45 

12Vj 

San Antonio 

9 

20 

J10 

J3'A 

Denver 

8 

23 

JS9 

lS'-S 

VaiCDUver 

6 

36 

.188 

IB 


pacifx; mvrsraN 



UA. Lakers 

24 

9 

.777 

— 

Seattle 

23 

11 

£76 

VA 

Portland 

IB 

IS 

545 

6 

Gotten State 

12 

18 

Ml 

10'6 

Sacramento 

13 

20 

394 

11 

UA. ampere 

12 

19 

387 

11 

Phoenh 

10 

21 

332 

13 

moArsnsain 


Mtanesata 

23 17 

33 21-94 

Boston 

12 

J! 

M 22— W 


M: Gugflona 7-15 18-20 32. Gamed 8-12 0- 
0 l& 8: Walter 9-19 0-2 1& Wester 3*3 
15. Rebounds- M innesota 51 (GuglWto 19», 
Boston 57 (Fn* Ml. Assists— MJime$ew 21 
{Gugflotta 7). Boston 20 (Wesley B). 

AflatO 21 21 27 24 — 95 

Hew Jersey MS* 20-85 

A: Lnenner 7 - 15 10 - 1024 . Btaytocfcfi-i 9 2-2 
22 NJj GBI 12-20 2-2 28 , Bradley 8 - 1 * W 
ULMto ot S— Atlanta 52 (Mutombo 12 ). 
N«w Jersey 51 (Bradley 12 ). 
Assfets-AJIanta 16 (Smith * 1 , New Jersey 13 
(G 8 I 51 . 

pmestx 38 20 20 28— 1M 

ItuHBDQ 28 30 2* 33 — 117 

P: Johnson 11-19 6-4 3a Worming 6-0 2 J 
14- f: MIUV 11194-4 22. McKty S-t 68 1 7. 
nehgpofc— P twenbc 41 (Wimams m, 
Wflfana 48 (0 JJflvts 9). Asstste-Ptioentx 2) 
(Johnson 8), IraSono 22 (Best 5). 

OfMnte 1* » 12 32-89 

Cfcicme Z* 21 33 30-110 

0: Sfl&afy B-M 46 2ft Scott 6-12 2-2 IS. 
Sfctxti 7-18 1-4 1& O Jordon 10-18 2-2 22, 
Kukoc 7-11 3-4 la Rflboite-Ortondo 37 
(Srikdy 10). CNcbOO *1 (Rodman 22). 
Assists— Ortindo 19 (Shaw. Armstrong 5). 
CNcogu 30 (Herder 7). 

Son Antonie 26 2S 23 19- 93 

Denver 22 23 32 14- 91 

5A: Maxwell 8-20 4-4 24. Perdue 5-10 2-2 
12 , M.WBWW4-19IM 12: D: LEIls 12-M 3- 
7 31V O-EIBs 8-1S 2-3 20. Reboonds-San 
Antonio 53 (Pttdue 16). Denver 60 
(EJaftraan 19). AssWS-Sw Antonio 13 
(AJolmon 9). Demw25 (Jackson 17). 
Seattle 24 28 n 24-108 

Vancouver JO 27 24 23— M 

S: Payton 12-22 2-3 29, Kemp B-10 W 19? V: 
Ptdter 10-17 0-0 24. Abdur-Sriilm 5-8 9-11 19. 
Rc toe«B«s-Seottted6 (Kemp 13, Vtocewrer 
45 ILyBett 15). Ass«>— Seaitto 27 (Puylon 


10) . Vancouver 25 (Anthony 91. 

So cmu wnto 15 26 27 25- 93 

UL Lakers 22 38 21 19-100 

S: Richmond 12-25 i-9 32. Gam We *-!2 00 
15, LAj Campbell 7-15 0 13 22, Scott 4-103- 

3 15. Rebamds— Srronmenro 54 (Polymcc 
9), Us Angeles 43 iComptteil 15). 
Asststo— Socnrmento 21 (Hurley 7). Lcs 
Angetes 17 U=)si»r«i. 

Pttfodeiphla 23 27 32 26 6-114 

Geidea State 2? 29 24 26 14—122 

P: Iverson 8-19 6-8 26. Coleman 7-26 9 - 1 = 
24: G4c Sorewe«13-3612-15 39. Smith 12-24 

4- 6 28. Rtoaonds— fttrOodettnla 52 

(Coleman Ml. Golem State 59 'Smltti, 

SprerveH 11). Assists— PtfladelpMa 22 
(Iverson 6), Gotten State 22 rv.ulin 13). 

SJDUEMY'S BKSVIT5 
Washington 27 26 28 23-104 

Charlotte 32 29 7 25— 93 

W: Strickland 12-192-2 20. Murray 7-125-5 
20r C; Hk* 8-18 7-7 27. Curry o-l3 4-4 18. 
Rebounds— WBstHngron J9 {Mi/rescn j<j. 
Charlotte et) (Rice 8). Assist*— Wellington 
23 (Stricfcfond 11). Charlotte 27 iBaoucs 1 ll. 
New York 17 19 13 22— 71 

Aftonto 18 20 23 27— 8S 

N.Yj Ewing B-l 9 W ! 6, Houston ^-9 1 -3 9. 
Starks 3-102-3 9; A: James 7-130-0 1°. Smith 

5- 157-318. MMands— New York S3 COoMev 

11) . Attanto 44 (Mutombo U}. Assists— New 
York 17 {Johnson Storks SI. A(fcrHo 18 
(Smith 7). 

Mlana 21 21 16 33—91 

Cleveland 29 27 19 24—99 

I: MDer 4-10 4-4 30 

D.DavlsB-173-2 18:0 Brandon 12-24 4-6 
32. MiDs 6-10 2-2 20JtebouMs— indono 32 
(D.Dovts 8), Cleveland 57 (MBs 101. 
Assists— Indiana 22 (Mck'ejr B). Cleveland 
27 (Sum 7). 

Taranto n 2a 15 19-74 

Detroit 32 28 26 38—118 

T: Christie 7-12 3-5 20, Rogers 5-1 07-718. 
0: Curry S-S 4-4 17. Hunter 4-7 6-7 15- 
R ebo u nd s — Toronto 37 (Jones 7). Dttott 57 

(HIB B). Assists— Toronto 9 (Stoudamna 5V. 

perron 30 (Hm cumorsr,. 

Pomona » IB 26 28—118 

DoSas 29 27 25 24-104 

P: Sabanb 1 1 -1 4 B-1 4 31 Andersor 9 . 14 5- 
6 25; CM Gaffing 704 10-16 34 Haw 7-10 1- 
1 15. Reboaote— Portland 58 (Sabanls 12), 
Dados 55 {Green Monftass 12). 
Assists— Portland 21 (Anderson 11), Danas 
21 (Haw 5). 

LasAngeles 23 38 22 20-95 

Moeston 20 37 22 IS— n 

UAj va ugm9-]40-0 20. Martin 7-15 4-6 20; 
H: Wofowon 10-25 M 25. Barkley 9-tJ 2-520. 
Rdmtods — its Angetoo 51 ivajgti: -r.. 
H3WstD9 52 'Bart 'ey IJ-,. Assists— (_cs 
Angelas 22 (Martin Si, Houston 23 -tDreder 
7). 

MbmnaM 23 24 22 »7 

MlKaatee 26 M 22 19-91 

M: GvgKalto 9-24 7-8 25. Garnett 8-15 6-6 
2S M; Baker 8-23 8-11 24, G. Robinson 7-1 94- 

4 11 RebaoMb— Minnesota 50 (Garnett. 

Gugfiotto 13), Milwaukee 55 (Baker 12). 
Assists— Minnesota 22 1’GugHotfa Mariunr- 
Parter 3). MBwwfcae 19 'Douglas. Pony 4). 
Miami 24 18 15 23— 80 

Utat Z3 2* 21 13-83 

M; Mounting 8-73 7-6 18. Lensrd 6-13 (W 
IK U: too Iona 10-223-14 28 , Harnacek 4-9 4- 
4 11 Reboots— Miami 55 (Mounung 15). 
Utah 46 (Malone 12). Assists — Miami 16 
(HonkMiy », Utati 23 (5toc*»n 11 ). 


Green Say 35. San Rondsco 1 4 
JacksanvOte Denver 27 


NHL Stanmnos 


ATLANTIC DlYtStON 


Veman. 

Taranto 0 2 1—3 

Edmaotaa 1 I 2—4 

First Period: E-Nanon 2 (MCAmmondl 
Second Perted: T-Gimow9 (Sandbv Zattlert 
X E -Smyth 19 (Undgrarv Buchbergart 4. T-, 
Berszin IX (ppl. TMrti Period; E-Sotan 13 
(Kovtoanko) AT-GtenourlOCSuiK&n) lsW.7, 
E-MIrenovS (Weight. KovatonkoHpp). Sbots 
an geat T« 8-15-13-36. E- Ia-U- 11 — 39. 
GoaBes: T-Couslnenu. E^JoseptL 


0-3 



W 

L 

T 

Pts 

6F 

&A 

untMTinmn 

PhflarkHpliia 

25 

12 

4 

54 

133 

100 

Drifts 1 1 0-2 

Ftorido 

21 

10 

9 

SI 

118 

92 

Boston 8 2 1—3 

N.Y. Rangers 

22 

16 

5 

49 

151 

120 

Ftrst Perigfc D-Langenbrunner 10 [Hogue. 

New Jersey 

21 

14 

3 

&5 

102 

96 

Nleuwendyk) Second pertocb B-Odgers 5 

Wastonuron 

17 

20 

4 

38 

109 

no 

(Hartlns) 1 D. Gfiehrtst 7 (Sydor, Utayanfl A 

N.Y. islanders 

12 

19 

B 

32 

99 

113 

B-Dcnoio 13 LMcOeary) tstt). TMrd Period: 

TsmoaBay 

13 

20 

5 

31 

109 

>24 

&-Bouroue4 (HarXJttL Roy) S&otsoagori O 

NormreAST rivsioN 



13-11-8—32. B- 610-7—23. Gate: D-Turek. 


W 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

B-Triks. 

Ptttsaurgh 

21 

15 

4 

46 

148 

127 

Wrahtogtok 0 0 10—1 

Butfato 

20 

15 

4 

44 

(16 

105 

Hertford 1 0 0 0—1 

Tlmilinrl 

rTOfTTUTu 

17 

15 

7 

41 

11B 

126 

Ftrst Period: h- J anssens 2 (Gadynyuk) 

Montreal 

15 

10 

B 

38 

131 

140 

Secead Period: None. Third Period: W- 

Bert ex: 

15 

IB 

6 

36 

113 

136 

KaroMfuktuA 7 (Baraka NUgoBsttrO 

Otto wo 

12 

19 

7 

3) 

104 

115 

Overtone: None. Shots at go* W- 11-8-9- 

WDnucotmiDia 


2- 3G H- 9-9-61—25. Gariks W-Kfitrfg. H- 

cewnuu. oivtsKN 



Uuzzoffi. 


W 

L 

T 

Pts 

GF 

GA 

Tampa Boy 1 1 1—3 

Danas 

23 

15 

3 

49 

118 

100 

Pittsburgh 3 2 2—7 

Detroll 

20 

13 

6 

46 

120 

80 

First Period: P-Nedrod 18 (Mufieiv 

PttoenU 

18 

IB 

4 

40 

109 

125 

Sondstrenu Z P-Jegr3S (Lantern. Otsuseon] 

SL Louts 

17 

20 

4 

38 

115 

133 

X T-, Grattan t5 (Cross) 4. P-Lemtesx 28 

Chrtoyo 

15 

21 

6 

36 

106 

115 

(WooOey) (op). Secead Period: p-Hkks S 

Toronto 

17 

24 

0 

34 

125 

146 

(Cefedzfc Barnes) 6 T-Longtaw 7, 7, P- 

racmc dwswn 



Lemieu* 29 (Otousson, Fnnids) (ppl. Tkbd 


W 

L 

T 

Pts 

CF 

GA 

Pwtod. P-Fronds 14 (Lctnieux) 9. Tampa 

Colorado 

24 

ID 

6 

54 

142 

96 

Boy, Bannister 4 (Occnrefll Brarfey) (ppl.ld 

Edmonton 

18 

19 

4 

« 

136 

127 

P-, FraraSs 15 (Jogc Leraiea) S&ab oa gori: 

Vancouver 

18 

r? 

1 

37 

119 

129 

T- 1017-31, P- 611-7— 24. Geafies 7- 

Anaheim 

14 

20 

5 

33 112 

121 

Tabaraocl Sdraab. P-Ldhito. 

Calgary 

14 

22 

5 

33 

102 

121 

N.Y.h*ffidBS 8 0 1—1 

San Jose 

14 

21 

4 

32 

101 

12S 

Moefreri 8 1 2-3 

Ls Angeles 

13 

23 

4 

30 

104 

138 

First period: None. Second Period: M- 


Srmdei 26. 9, V-. STOnger 7 (Geflnas, Roberts) 
la V-Rimey 12 (RohlkL Naslund) Sbefs on 
goat: T- 7-8-7-22. V-ll-lB-lfr-39.t 
T-Potvla Causmcau. V-Mcteorv 
Cohprj 0 1 

SneJOK 2 1 

First Period: SJ.-Kadov 8 CHawgood) Z 
SJ.-. tflcttoUs 9 (lafrato) (op). Second 
Period: C Beury 17. 4. SJ.-Oenmm 3 (GO. 
Wood) TWrt Period: C-Wand 2 tMcCorttry, 
Simpson), b. C-Rricbel 9 (Reirry) 7. C- 
HaghMid 10 Ilglnta. Qtiasson) Sbatsangeofe 
C- 6-7-12 — 25. SJ.- 16-14-6—36. GoaBes: O 
KVW. SJ.-Hnrtey. 

2 3 0-S 
0 0 8-0 
Ftrst Period: F-Nletfentiayer« (Gmpeniov, 
Meflanby). 2. f=-A6e«anby 16 (Laws) Second 
Period: F-Dmafc 9 MaBanby. Conner) 4 F- 
Mmptty 4 (Meflanby, w edMTooyert 5 F- 
Murptty 5 (Nedemxryer, Gqr p w il o v ) (pp). 
HW Period: None, shots on goal: F- 9-15- 
7-31. LA.- 6-16-6—28. GoaSeK F- 
VanbtesbraodL LA-Flset 


Son)a Neb SwBrertand, 1 ^<7 to (544SA61X 
7. Sabine Egger, AttsMa. 1:47.27 15478- 
52A9), a Ingrtd Solvenmoser. Austria. Is4732 
(5451 -5251 X 7. Kal|a SeUngob Gnmony, 
1A7M {S5A3-52MZ), 10. AtarftlM Efft Ger- 
many, 1^756 (5A67-5ZB7) 

Ornid ktonifln.il 1. 



TUESDAY, JAN. 7 


Sweden 7)8 pobfe Z Kafla Setdn gen Ger- 
mon» 56X X Wde Geo. Gemmy, 45} 4. 
Detooratt Canvagnonl daly, 395, 5. Ante 
MtoddecAasbla 365 6 UisfcaHmat Slovenia 
359. 7. Oaudb Rietfea New Zealand, 289. B. 
Martina EitV Germany, 277, 9. Isolde Kastnn 
Italy, 23a 10. Patrtda anuvet Fnsnob 2D6. 

Result* ot a nwnto otpkw okfiag Worid 
Cup (pent afafceo go Sunday In KiwfsliA 


Esptmyol 0, Compostoto 2 
Eteremdura z Attoitco MoffiM 4 
Hercules 1, Sporting GBan 1 
OriedoZ Logmnesl 
Raring Santander l, Tenerife 2 
Real Sodedod 1, Zoragaaa 0 
Departteo Coruna a Barcelona l 

Ceflo VlgoCk Vcriadofld2 


cmwoi. Toowoombo — Australian 
Country XT* West IntSes Hobart— 
AuskoBa v PoMston, Worid Series Cup. 

Ruaerwwn, Pontypridd. WMes- 
Paflyprtdd v Untied StatBB 




WEDNESDAY, JAN. 8 




CRICKET 


»TO*«THO*V 
sown AFRICA VS. ASIA 
SUNDAT. •• CAPE TOWN 
Sauttt Attica first Innings: 529-7 declared 
second innings: 256-6 deriored 
Inda first bmlngs: 35% second Innings 52-3. 


). AUcttoel Van Gruenlpen (Sw B e n rk i td) 
Z.13XI (1:07.21/1:0631), 2. Shgbtod' Voglre- 
Itor (Austria) 2TIi06 04J7.9171S7.15), 3. 
Kfcttl Andre Aamodt (Norway) Z15J78 
0<I7.Wfl777>, 4. Gmttanj Koentgsrtiner 
(ttaty) Z15J3 05SJa/15r7j5), 5. tan PIc- 
oonl (France) 2:15.96 n«jan^77S8), 6. 
Hons Knouss (Austria) Z15S7 
(1M41/I5J7.96), 7. Heba Sdtiktegger 
(Aumo>2:i&BonM4Vi273n.a.rhQmB 
Grand! (Canada) 2:1636 05*2404)832), 9. 
June Kostr (Staverda) 2:1637 
05«^90d);JW, 10. Matteo Nona (ttaty) 
£1639051831715)838). 


AtakmtaT, Verona 0 
CogOart 1, Ptacenra 0 
Florenttna X Nopal 0 
Inter! Roma 1 
Parma IfJaventusO 
Perugia l.RoggkeW 3 
Udfaiese 4 Sampdarfa 5 
VtomcD 2, Bologna 0 


smma, Befltag — FINAWaridCap 
went (to 9) 

ifeueme. MeRxwme— CotonWCtest 

BMtinaneventCtoll). 

UDHDITUI, Tripei —World Grand 
Ptto event 0o 12). 

minyusniH Mount TremMuA 
Canada— Worid Cup event (to 9). 

THURSDAY, JAN. 9 


SUMMV, H VMA DO. UAA. CHLC 

Chae7,AtmentoD 


TENNIS 


AU9THAAJA VS, WESTBflHES 
SUNDAY. MBmSBANE 
Austrafia: 281 -4 In 5D overs 
West lmfi« 2W-3 in 4&5 osere 
West Indies won by seven widuds 
s tMutomu West Indies 6 Austrafia 4 
FtokHon* 


PERTH, AUSTRALIA 


FOOTBALL 


NFL PLAYOFFS 


Btvmowu. piATom 

SATURDAY result; 


niBAT'IUSbtK 

St Louts 1 1 0 0-2 

BflHsto 0 110-2 

Fttst Period: S.L-Counnaii ) I (Campbell 
PetrovfcKy) 5ecnd Period: St LouytL 
Ccmgbell ,4 (Murphy, PettovUcy) (op). 1 B- 
AUdette 13 (Graseto Gteley) lop). TMrd 
Period: B-ZhAnlk 4 (Shannon) Overtime: 
None. Stats oo god: S.L- 10-12-12-1-35. B- 
12-9-17-1—39. GoaBes: 5-L-FVhr. 3- 
Hasek. 

Kew Jersey 0 c 1—1 

Ottawa o e o-e 

Pint Period: None. Second Period: None 
TMri Period: NJ.-Giwrtn li (Sufltean, 
MyCemoyK) Shots an goat KJ.- 5-3-7—15. 
C- r-4-1-19 Sorites.- SJ.-dniFjr o- 
PJrades. 

Pbecab 0 0 G— 0 

Washto^se 2 8 1-3 

First Ptetoft W-Skaon 8 IBonira} £ W- 
PhiatAa 3 (Hausteyl (ppl- Second Period: 
None. n*d Period: W-Bondra 23 (Crie. 
Plvaniur) (pp). Shots an goat Phoenix 9tt> 
7-22. W- ))-53-2A Seefles Plxxrtx. 
Wakeful. W-KoWg. 

Acaheini 2 0 0-2 

TompoBay 1 1 1—3 

Brvt Period: A-Sekrnne 21 (RuccttM. 
KartyQi Z a -J anette 7 (Mironov) X T- 
GccareB IS (Harm*, Pot an) Second 
Period: T-Langfcow 6 (Grettorv 2omunert 
Third Ported: T -Grattan 14 (HonufiM Shots 
00 goto; A- 9-10-7-26. T- 17-11-10-48. 
(Mrs A-Hcbert. T-Toboracd. 

Ddka 1 l 0-2 

Oeiratt 8 0 l— I 

First Pcrimk D-Gfictofet 6 ( W e q wendyk. 
Lett linen) Cap). Second Period: D-Modano 16 
(Letttfnen 5ydori (pel. Third Period: O- 
Laitanov 5 (Fedorov! Shots on gaab D- 5-10- 
5-210- 11-11*17—3?. Griffins: D-Turcto O- 


Keher 13 (Bardeleou. Branefl. Third Period: 
M-Tudmra CThomtan. Rtotter) 3. New York. 
Mam* 11 (Patfly, Smofirett) (cpt. 4, M-, 
Danvtmsx 16 (Bo t dete o u Papariri Shots 
a gad: N.Y.- 12-6-9-27. M- 1544-31. 
Gtata: N.Y.-Ffetoiud. M-Thflwuft. 

Ottawa 0 2 2—4 

N.Y. fteogers 0 5 1-4 

FM Period; None. Secead Period: New 
Yafc Jterier 23 (Kovriev, Kevportsev) Z 
New York Sundsfcom 16 (Grritky. Driver) 1 
O* Cunneyworth 4 (Von Aflerv Daigle) 4 New 
York. SuntfcsJrom 17 ntoMaOta Gretzky! & 
Hew York RooiwOe la (Gretzky, Kovatev) 6. 
OC unne y v B ri tt 5 CZMtt*. Dodma) (pp). 7, 
New Vert. Robisae i7 IGreOcy, Bottey) 
TltM Perfa* New York, Koraiev 17 (Graves) 
9. 0-. Attectason 14 (Redder. Daigle) (pp). i 1 

o-zert 3 rrart. zhriMO Shati n goal: O- 11- 

19-9—39. New Vert 11-12-5-28. GoaBes: 0> 
RMdefr Togrwtt New var*. RkHer. 
Phfi dd tl p M a 1 1 J 0-4 

Getaradn 3 10 0-4 

Hrsl Period: C- Jones 13 (Deodmmsit 
SakfO Z C-CofWT 7 (Eiacralo WBert i P-, 
Lindras 13 rTtteriea LeCtfirt t c-Jones 14 
(UmleuU Secead Mad: C-Keane 8 ilHaU 
Miner} 4 P-Hawerowk 9 (Des|anfins. 
BrtnrAnouri Tldrt Period: P-Ktott 12 
(Therkn BrktdAmour} ft P-Renbetg B 
(Lindras. Nfiaimsa) O vt rtta n, None. 
Pettencs— None. Shots an geek P- 13-13-14- 
4—44. C- 1 3-9-6- i — 2?. GoafiBE P-Snaw. C- 
Rny. 

Terawto 1 1 t— s 

Vueceum 1 4 2-2 

ran Period: T-Sundbi 25. Z V-Bure 14 
fMagflny, wotton) Secead Pwrtark T-Craig7 
(Baker. Wtoriner) 4 V-SOiger 6 (Lutnmo 
TBJarm) S, V-. Geflrws 9 (0«O- Roberts) 
9;16.4,V-Bohonas4(Rldtey, Bare) (pp).7,V- 
G&& 4 (Bebyctt) Ipp). Third Period: T. 


UWTflO OVERS IMtCtl 
TASOAIBA VtL MiaSTAN 
SUNDAY M LAUNceSTOtC AUSTRALIA 
LWflTES OVERS HATCH 
Tasmania: 23S4 In so avers 
PoWstwr. 236-7 In 49 owes 
FtokHoi won by itaet vrfdets 


U riled States Z South Atttm 
Cttoadn RuMs U3- del Amonda Coetzer, 
South Africa 7-5. 6-2; Wayna Fenefta. South 
Africa dot Jusan Gimetatob. U3. 6-4.74(7- 
4 ); Justin Gbneistab and Chanda Rubin, ui. 
dec Wayne Farefro and Amanda Coetzer, 
South Africa 34, 6-Z7-S. 


RUGBY UNION 


M ADELADE, AUSTRALIA 
BENRNAL8 

Todd Wowtotwoe CO, Austrafia det. 
MlaM TIBstraaw3wedetv6'7 (641, 74(7-3), 
6& Soon DRflia> Austrafia det Jeff 
Tonraga 1)3.6-1,3-66-2. 

SWAL 

Todd Woodbridge M. AusttgOa det seett 
Draper, Austrafia, 6-2. 6-1. 


SewBNALS 

Brive (Prcncel 26. CcriW (Wales) 13 
Lefcesser (Engtand! 37 . Toriouse (France)11 

RROPSAN COtmUHCfi 
SOUFMAiA 

Cashes i France) 23, Agen (France) 6 
Bdurgofn (France) 29, ftetame (France! 6 
RffTBlBTlftoUl 
SATurnwr m cAmir 
Neath 39. Urited States 15 


IN AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND 
IMAL 

MBtonMonKka.AU5ii1ade£JudmWtes- 
nor CD, Austria 6X61. 


NOPE SLAMl AUSTRALIA 
OUARICmUL 

Brenda o>. N e fli ert omh . 

det Maria Uteo Serao Spata 6-1, 64. 


SATURDAY, fir DU8UN 
Rate 37, iietonc 27 


SKIING 


World Cur Results 


Eteno Ukhartsera CD, Russia det. SctraBz- 
McCarthy 64 64- Ai Sagtyama Iff, Jgpaa 
det Arme-Godte SMot Fraoeo 6-Z 64. 
FMAL 

Elena Lfiduetoewi CD, Russia d*f. A] 
Sugiyama Uii. Japan. 3-6, 74 (9-71,6-3. 


TWO ROUND 

(Preraier too^ie team unless stated) 

Anenofi, Sunderland I 
Btoddwra 1, Part Vale <D1) 0 
Chelsea 3. WksT Branmfeh (Dl) 0 
Liverpool 1, Burnley (D2 ) 0 
AUddtosbrougti 4 Omrier (D3) 0 
Norwich (Dl) l Sheffield Urited (Dl) 0 
Notttnghom Forest 3, Ipswich (Dl) 0 
Plymouth (D23 a Petertoorangti (D2) 1 
OPR (Dl) t HuddarsBeW (Dl) 1 
PteNftig (DDL Southampton 1 
Sheffield Wednesday 7, Grimsby (01) 1 

Stevenage (MU LBbmtagtWHi(Di)a 

Wrivethanptoo ©1) 1, Portsmouth (Dl) 2 
Wroclwn (D2)l, West Ham 1 
Onttan (Dl) l,NewawBel 
Wyambe (D2) a BtadtM (Dl) 2 

EwrtanL Swtndcn ©Do 
Mbnelwler United Z Tottertwm 0 

RA. CUP FOURTH ROIDO DTUtor 

Petetttarough vs. Wrexham or west Ham 
Owrttri) or ftowGBfcviNott Forest 
Btackbum vs. Cmeffinrar Wbiffiig 
Luton or Briton vs. CtaattaMd or Brfatri CJty 
Bftndnohom *j. State or Stockport 

P»k Ranger, « HurMenflM ». 
Ba rnsley cvOkBiam 
Portsmouth vs. Reoffing 
ObriWe orTTonmeie vs. ShefflM Wed. 
EWikei vs. Bradford Oly 

MwnestortriYortvs.tolrtflesbrwjgh 

awsteVLLtewport 

CWfljhmn or Dotty vs. Notts Ccimly or Aston 

VfflC 

L«0W»8f Or Southend vs. NonrtOi 
Arsenal or Sundatmd vs. Crista! Pcdoce or 
Lflcds 

»Mtfard or Manchester City w. Wmtetdar 
word 

U. w. Ctewe or Wimbledon. 


mmuLom, Ruhprid^Geraxmy- 

WoridCupeventnal2). 

csucwcKr, Kttnbatoy, Smith Africa — 
GrtquctiandWestvIixSa (dayttdghH. 

■wnwu. Marts EtrroLeogue 
second pteOmtnary round. 

CMrvwn, MteUkigton -Grand Pita everi 
(1ol2). 

••«* AMboum— VUortaOpen (to 
12). CarisbortCnfifomto- Mercedes 

Championship (To 12) 




- 


«rieij*i 






FRIDAY, JAN. IQ 


. — Bad KtoHdrchhettn, 

Anstrtn— Worid Ora WotnertsdownhB 
CQAwper-gfantskdom 
Oa 12). 

“Wl PtffihAustnflo— WWlmSes 
v Potetan. Wartd Series Cup (rtwnlghO. 
New Ptemoulti — New Zealand Academy M 
v England. 

Heensirav 

Nefliertaads — European Otteaptansiilps 
OalZ). 


SATURDAY, JANv 1 1 


Worid Cup African jene 
Qi*&fkxs:Giwp ?: Kenya y Nigeria Gn»P 
2 Nwntota v Ltoerta Tbriria v Egypt Gnup 

* Cameroon v Angola Dmbabwfl y Togo? 

w»m 5: Burundi v Gabon Ghana v 
Morocco. 


■ '****« -*■»*» Chamonbe Fiance— 
Cup men's downMMtaKoRibtaad 

On 12) 


Heeuta Sebndey of tt» wonento World 
Cepeleie nirep ekmwtoor. a ic i ir en l ri 
l.Ptmfilawaeig.Swedeal mlnuta44j5 
seconds LS3M&SS). Z Ua to Hrovnt 
Sioeenta. lrt5J2 (SUMBMD. X **eg- 
onL Italy, 1:4646 (5L4M2M, 4. Effl EOer, 
Austria IMS* (53.92-5262), S. Matte 
Oestw, S wBrorke ia is4692 CSa03-S28’1, 6. 


M DOHA. QATAR 


MONDAY. JAN. C 


..7 ■ LflkePtaekt 

New Ybrtt— lMetd Cup flveri do 13 ). 

HomMcwsmB, NoganaJapdn— 
World Qffi cteCbunby find J2). 
EngtenLSwttxarfand— wortd cup 9 M 
h^B0mdl2),SB««(torfcAasMa- 
WarUQjp Nanficaanblnad event (mi 12 ). 

Mffwowtec. 
ewnt (rad 12 ). 

“^T.Btoemtbntrin, south AfttEB- 
FreeStatevlndto (toi 3 ). 

Cntero-Memanond 







fits l % 


The Henson, Britain, «f. Hkham Arad htiBnaHonrimils 

(Morocco) 6-124 6-S Jim Courier (8). Ui. *™ ,,c, t 3 toummnewi (to 1 23; Aucklnnd 

det SnylBniBOero (Spain} 64H. '“^^^"^tewrwmerrtta Oo 

nuu. ~ Tasmania intanmnami 

Jhn Courier (», UA) det Tin. Hereram, *^*™*"«™8ntftilB 
Britain. 7-5 6-7, (5-7) 6-2. taWTOLNunno. Bbeh o t s h u tow. 

- tterid aip dj jumping 


- SUNDAY. JAN. 12 


flti coin. Wartd Cup South Amertasi 
wetaus sftea 

®w«flj Perth - Australia , West 

scries Cup (OTt/Mbm), 




-m 



■ r_ M-ifi* 


















INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1997 


PAGE 17 


* Title 


„ • • 
*''a^ 

k ‘ 4 •• 

1 . 


•iV. 

_,' I"*' 

’ " ‘■‘ii 


"■ni-, 
- -< 

-'■W 

■•' '.S .■* 




Heat fall 
Short of 
*Road Mark 

The Associated Press 

SALT LAKE CITY —The 
Mia mi Heat's toad winning 
streak came to an end at 14 
games — _ two short of die 
NBA record — when Tfan 
Hardaway's 3-point, attempt 
fell short at the buzzer M ao 
83-80 loss to the Utah Jazz. . 

The loss Saturday night 
was the first oa the road since 
Nov. IS for Miami, which 
was trying to match or beat 
the Los Angeles. Lakers’ 16- 
game streak of the 1971-72 
season. 

Karl Malone scored 28 
points for the Jazz, and Bryan 
Russell hit two free throws. 


SPORTS 


1 - 

' raw a 






0 found i 


stole the ball and recovered & 
turnover in the final 1^42. •• 
Russell .. ■ recovered a 
turnover by Hardaway and 
was fouled with 15.4 seconds 
a to play. He made one of two 
: r ^ foul shots to give the Jazz a 
' three-point lead, but Miami 

stifi had u chance to tie. After 
dribbling away most of the 
remaining time, Hardaway’s 
desperation' 3-point at temp t 
was short. 

Alonzo Mourning had 18 
points and 15 rebounds, and 
V oshon Lenard added 18 
points tor tne Heat, whose 
six-game overall winning 
streak was also snapped. • 
Malone, who scored 23 
points and grabbed 11 re- 
bounds in the first half, was 
just 1 -far-J 1 from the field in 
the second half. 

Pi rt o m 118, Raptors 74 

Michael Curry tied a career 
high with 17 points, including 
13 in the first half, as host 
Detroit went ahead by 22 on 
the way to crushing Toronto.. 

The 44-poiiit victory mar- 
fc gin tied the second-largest in 
Pistons’ history and was die 
second-worst loss in 
Toronto's two seasons. The 
Raptors shot just 32 percent, 
the worst in franchise history. 
Dong Christie led all scorers 
with 20 points for Tomato. 

Btman 11 Q, Mwwirta 104 

In Dallas, Arvydas Saborris 
scored acateer-high 33 points, 
and Kenny Andersen added 25 
as Portland completed a three- 
game sweep through Texas 



• 

' J s, -„ 

■ * r.'.z 
• : %‘*zt 


-v* 




with a victory over Dallas. 

■. The 7-foot-0^nHfo^2=2=me^ 
ter} Sabonis wait 11 -far- 14 
fiom the field and pulled 
down 12 rebounds,- over- 
powering the Mavericks’ 
mmteourt to lead Portland to 
its 'fourth straight triumph. 
Chris Gatling .scored 24 
points for the Mavericks, who 
have dropped six Of their last 
seven games. . 

. «M»*i*B!i,lhKfcei*gl Loy 
Vaught scored 20 points and 
led a fourth-quarter rally that 
. hdpedLos Angeles snap a 20- 
game, 10-year losing streak at 
The Summit in Houston. The 
Rockets have lost six of their 
- Jastnhregames^ndudxqg five 
at home, after starting the sea- 
son 21-2. Hakeem Olajuwon 
led theRockets with 25 points 
and 10 rebounds. 


Tknbwwotve* 97, Bucks 91 

-in =- Milwaukee,^ Tom - Gugli- 
otta scored 25 points, and 
Kevin Garnett added 22 as 
Minnesota, after trailing for 
most of the game, rallied past 
Milwaukee. 

Bullets 104, Hornets 90 In 

Charlotte, Rod Strickland 
scored 16 of his 28 points in 
die second . half, and Wash- 
ington took advantage of a 
third-quarter collapse by 
Charlotte. 

Washington rallied from an 
ei ght- point half time deficit by 
outscoring Charlotte, 28-7, in 
foe third quarter. The Hornets 
missed 16 of their 18 field- 
goal attempts in the period, 
including their last 13. 

Cava Oars 99, Pac«*m 91 

-Terrell Brandon scored 21 of 
his 32 points in the first half. 


as Cleveland beat visiting In- 
diana,- delaying Larry 
Brown’s 600th NBA coach- 
ing victory. 

Cleveland, which has won 
9 of 11 games, had all five 
starters in double figures for 
the second straight night 

Hawks88,Ki8efcs71 Henry 
James made five 3-pointers 
and scored 19 points against 
New York, as Atlanta exten- 
ded its home winning streak 
to 11 games. 

The Hawks took control 
with a 21-6 spurt to start the 
second half, with Steve Smith 
scoring nine and James six. 
That gave Atlanta a 59-42 
lead, and the Knicks never got 
closer than 10 the rest of the 
way. Patrick Ewing scored 16 
points but was the only Knick 
to score in double figures. 


— ■ L.I . Jm. ■ — V 1 ’’J al.J . mJt ^1. J ll j Til! J • ii>' /‘I—* •*.!.* : 7,14“ 1 


Rangers Get a Milestone Victory, 6-4 

Gretzky Has 4 Assists as N.Y. Wins 2000th Game in Franchise History 


• i -M ; 


Wayne 
second-pei 






The Associated Press 

Gretzky assisted on four 
-period tallies, Mike Richter con- 
tinued his hot goaltending, and the New 
York Rangers won die 2,000th game in 
franchise history as they beat the Ottawa 
Senators, 6-4, 

Gretzky’s four assists on Saturday 
night tied the Ranger record for assists 
in one period set by former star Phil 
Goyette on Dec. 20, 19®, ag ains t the 
Boston Bruins. 

Richter extended his winning streak 
to a care4r-tSgb 11 games and fabim-:, 
beaten streak to 15 games astheRangers 
reached their milestone triumph. The 
Rangers’ NHLtecord since they started 
playing in the 1926-27 season is 2,000- 
1,971-73.6. . ... 

‘ *’ When Wayne is out there behind the 
net he just makes things happen,” said 
Gretzky's Imegyatfc, Luc Robdaille, who 
scored two 6? the goals. The bflte rwing . 
on the Gretzky Ime, NikJas Sundstrom, 
bagged the otiier two GreCdcy-assisted 
grab. Gretzky now has 1314 career 
assists, , 

Flaw 4, Shnfcs 3 Jonas Hoglund 
scored with 4:22 remainingto complete 
a third-period Calgary rally in San 
Jose. 

Ed Ward and Robert Reichel had 
y scored earlier in the period as the 
flames, who trailed 3-1 after two peri- 
ods. broke a four-game losing streak. 
Theoren Fleury scoredfoe otiier Calgary 
goal, his 17th of foe season. 


5, Kings O Gord Murphy 
scored twice in the second period, and 
John Vanbiesbrouck tuned up for his 
starting assignment in the All-Star 
Game with ins 25th career shutout as 
visiting Florida breezed to victory over 
Los Angeles. 

Scott Mellanby had a goal and three 
assists to help foe defending Eastern 
Conference champs end a four-game 

mu, Roohdof 

- winless streak. Vanbiesbrouck earned 
his second shutout of the season with 28 
saves. 

pwwg uiw v. lightning a In Pittsburgh. 
Mario Lenueux scored twice and had 
force assists as the Penguins extended 
their unbeaten sneak to eight games. 

Ron Francis also scored two goals, 
and Jaromir Jagr had a goal and. assist to 
isaisotasoareerpcaat total tcr600 in 481 
games. The line of Lemierixt Frauds 
and Jagr has accounted for '49 goals in 
20 games since it debuted on Nov. 22. 

bnbi* 9,3»2 Ray Bourque scored 
witfa36 seconds remainingto lift Boston 
to a comeback victory over visiting Dal- 
las, 

- Bourque drilled a 40-footer through a 
screen to beat Dallas’s rookie goal- 
tender, Roman Torek, for his fourth goal 
of the season. Ted Donato sewed the 
: while the Bruins were sboit- 
, killing afive-minute major pen- 
alty in the second period. ' " •*• 


; i, ftpim 1 Steve Kooowal- 
chuk scored with just 4:14 remaining in 
regulation as Washington gained a tie in 
Hartford. 

Konowakhuk. whose overtime goal 
had beaten the Whalers last Wednesday, 
fired from the right circle over goal- 
tender Jason MuzzaQj’s glove. Hart- 
ford’s fourth-line center, Mark Jans- 
sens, scored die first goal of foe game 
14:53 into foe opening period. 

CmtmtBotwS, Idandan 1 1n Montreal . 
Jocelyn Ihibault stopped 26 shots, and 
Stephane Richer had a goal and an assist 
as foe Canadiens extended theft season- 
high unbeaten streak to six with a vic- 
tory over the New York Islanders. 

Avalanche 4, Flyer* 4 In Denver, Trent 
KJatt and Mikael Renberg scored two 
minutes apart in foe third period as Phil- 
adelphia rallied to tie Colorado and ex- 
tend, the season’s longest unbeaten 
streak in the NHL to 16 games. Phil- 
adelpbia trailed, 3-1 , after the first jjeriod 
and by 4-2 at the second intermission.. 

Colorado's., right wing, Claude 
Lenueux, returned- for his first game 
since tearing a groin muscle on Oct 5, 
but the Avalanche lost another player to 
injury. All-Star center Joe Sakic suffered 
a deep cut on the back of his lower left 
calf in a scramble for the puck. 

Canuck* 7, Maple Leaf* 3 Mike 
SiDinger scored twice as Vancouver 
beat visiting Toronto. The triumph was 
the Canucks’ second straight after a 
losing streak of four games. 






Canada Defeats U.S. in Junior Hockey Final 





„■ r* 






’.Lr* 


,.*?**/ 

f 4 ' 


The Associated Press 

GENEVA — .Marc. Dennis turned 
away all 30 American foots, and Boyd 
Devereanx aid Brad Isbister provided 
the goals to give -Canada a 2-0 victory 
Saturday and a record fifth straight Wcrid 
Junks* Ice Hockey Champu 

It was the seventh tide in eight years 
for n*da and its 10th overall, while 
foe Americans earned their best finish to 
go along with two bronze medals. 

De v ere a nx; the hero in Ca n ad a ’s 3-2 
semifinal victory over Russia, sewed' 
the first goal at 8:38 of the second 
period. - - 

Trevor Letowski dug the puck out 
from behind the American net and got it 
out front to Devereanx, who snapped a 
long wrist shot past a badly screened 
Brian Boucher. 

Devereanx was a sixth-round pick of 
the Fdmntimn QfleTsin .fest year’s North 
American National.' Hoctosy League 
draft. 

Isbister seated the- game*® only otiier 
goal. 3:09 into the third pfoiod. 

It was tiie first all-Ntnifa American 
final in the history of the champion- 
ships. ftr.tbe seebnd year in a row, 
Russia settled for the bronze, with a 4-1 
victory over the Czech Republic. 



Yanks Leading Luxury- Tax Race 


By Murray Chass 

New York Times Service 


ftuJ Bwi/Apcnrr Fimn-Prutr 

Dallas’s Jamal Mashburn driving between Cliff Robinson, left, and Gary Trent 


Not surprisingly, the New York Yan- 
kees hold the early lead in the luxury-tax 
sweepstakes. With only 17 players 
signal, they have already exceeded the 
$51 million threshold that could trigger 
the new tax next season. 

But the Yankees were expected to be 
there. The Florida Marlins were not, and 
they are right there with the Yankees. 

Following a flurry of expensive free- 
agenr signings, the Marlins have already 
qualified for a visit from baseball's new 
tax man. Based on current payrolls, the 
Atlanta Braves, the Cleveland Indians 
and the Baltimore Orioles are the other 
leading contenders for the maximum 
contingent of five teams that will pay 
the luxury tax in its first season. 

With $5 milli on in benefits costs in- 
cluded. tiie Yankees already have a 
payroll of $52.8 million and are followed 
by the Martins at $512 million, the 
Braves ’ $50.9 million, the Indians’ $49.4 
million and the Orioles’ $49 million. Just 
behind that group are the Toronto Blue 
Jays at $46.6 million and the Chicago 
White Sox at $44.8 million. 

Although the lawyers who are draft- 
ing the final language have not settled 
on all of the details of the key com- 
ponents of baseball’s new collective 
bargaining agreement, the basics of foe 
luxury tax have been established. In the 
first year of the sew economic system, 
the teams with the highest payrolls — up 
to a maximum of five teams — will be 
assessed a 35 percent tax on the portions 
of their payrolls over $5 1 million. 

Until now, payrolls were calculated 
based on players' salaries for that par- 
ticular year. Now the tax mavens will 
use the average annual value of each 
player's contract. And instead of using 
the 25 players on the major league 
roster, plus those on the disabled list, as 
of Aug. 31, the payroll people will use a 
team’s 40-man roster throughout the 
entire season. 

If the new method had been in effect 
last year, the Marlins would have had a 


$36.7 million payroll, which would 
have been 1 6th among foe 28 teams. But 
that was before Alex Fernandez. Moises 
Alou and Bobby Bonilla added $18 mil- 
lion 10 the mix. Their current total of 
S51.2 million is for only 16players. 

For the Yankees. Andy Petti tie and 
Derek Jeter are not eligible for arbit- 
ration. but BemJe Williams is, meaning 
the club can figure on adding more than 
S5 million to its payroll for theft star 
center fielder, through arbitration or a 
negotiated contract. Last year Williams 
won a $3 million salary. 

The Braves, whom the Marlins are 
trying to catch in the National League 
East, have signed only 1 1 players and 
face arbitration with Marie Wohlers. Javi- 
er Lopez and Ryan Klesko. The Indians, 
an the other hand, have signed virtually 
all of theft front-line players and have no 
one eligible for arbitration among the 24 
unsigned, younger players. 

Mike Mussina's yet-ro- be -deter- 
mined salary wQl send the Orioles be- 


yond the tax-triggering threshold. One 
of 27 unsigned Baltimore players, 
Mussina earned $4 million last season 
when he won 19 games. 

Wiih 13 players signed, the Texas 
Rangers have a $39.4 million payroll, 
and they still must sign Ivan Rodriguez, 
Dean Palmer and Roger Pavlik, whose 
1996 salaries totaled $7.25 million. 

The White Sox. who have 1 1 signed 
players and a $44.8 million payroll, still 
must sign Roberto Hernandez and 
Wilson Alvarez, whose eligibility for 
salary arbitration will enable them to 
raise theft combined $4.93 million in- 
come significantly. 

Under the hew system, the Yankees 
would have had a $66 million payroll 
last year. They will break $60 milli on 
this year, but will not reach $66 million 
unless they trade for one or two high- 
salaried players during the season. They 
could reduce their payroll by trading 
Cecti Fielder and the $7,237,500 av- 
erage annual value of his contract. 


Schott ‘ Sold 5 Cars to Reds 


The Associated Press 

CINCINNATI — The names of 
Cincinnati Reds executives and re- 
latives were among those that Gen- 
eral Motors said Marge Schott, the 
Reds' owner, used to falsify 57 auto 
sales at her dealership. The Cincin- 
nati Enquirer reported. 

The people whose names were 
used were unaware of the situation 
and were not involved, the news- 
paper said in its report Saturday. 

The team's acting chief executive, 
John Allen, is among the eight cur- 
rent and former Reds’ staffers on the 
list, which has been submitted as part 
of a complaint GM has filed with the 
Ohio Motor Vehicle Dealers Board. 

GM told Scboti a year ago that her 
Chevrolet dealership was not meet- 
ing company sales standards. In June 
1995, she reached a settlement with 
GM under which she was to sur- 


render the dealership if it did not 
meet its quotas in two of the final 
three quarters of 1995 or the first two 
quartets of 1996. 

An affidavit filed by a GM auditor 
said tii at Allen was sold a four-door 
Lumina for $16,035 in September 
1995. The car was actually sold to 
Schott Car and Truck Rental on Feb. 
1 9, 1996. according to the affidavit. 

Allen said be did not receive a car 
and declined further comment. 

A Camaro Z-28 that the wife of the 
Reds' general manager, Jim Bowden, 
allegedly bought in September 1995 
was one of 24 vehicles falsely re- 
ported as sold to customers in that 
month. The vehicles actually went to 
an auction a year later. 

“We bought a Chevy Lumina 
Van,” Bowden told foe newspaper, 
adding that the couple knew nothing 
about a Camaro Z-28. 


Ross Joins Reeves as Candidate for Falcons 


fy Ow Sxjf From Dhpacka 

Dan Reeves described himself as 
“very interested'’ in the Atlanta Fal- 
cons’ coaching vacancy after meeting 
with the team's president, but Bobby 
Ross has also emerged as a leading 
candidate for the job. 

Reeves was considered the early 
front-runner for the Atlanta job after he 
was fired by the New York Giants last 
month, but Ross joined the picture when 
he resigned as coach of the San Diego 


Chargers on Friday because of disagree- 
ments with general manager Bobby 
Beathard. 

The Falcons are looking for a suc- 
cessor to June Jones, who was dismissed 
last month after a 3-13 season. 

Reeves was bom in Americus, Geor- 
gia. Ross has coached at Georgia Tech, 
in Atlanta. 

Smith is expected to meet with Ross 
in the next few days and may have to 
make a quick decision, because the St 


Louis Rams are also interested in talk- 
ing with Ross and the New Orleans 
Saints may be as well. 

At San Diego. Beathard and Ross had 
several differences over personnel. 
Beathard wanted some of the younger 
players to see more action, and was not 
happy with Ross’s two main coordin- 
ators. Ralph Friedgen on offense and 
Dave Adolph on defense. San Diego 
finished 26th in the NFL in total offense 
and 23d in total defense. (ATT. WP) 


Ito*. Balftjoapr/flrotn* 

Daniel Briere, left, leaping Into Brad lister’s arms after a Canadian goal 




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PAGE 18 


‘"ft <i DiiawnwuL®# << 

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Sports 


MONDAY, JANUARY 6. 199: 


World Roundup 


Dakar Rider Dies 

rallying A French motorcyc- 
list died in the Dakar-Agades- 
Dakar Sunday. Jean -Pierre Leduc 
was the 34th death in the race since 
began as the Paris -Dakar rally in 
1979. He was killed in a crash in 
the second stage. 

Leduc. 45. fell horn his KTM 
bike after 247 kilometers of the 
5 05 -kilometer stage through Mali 
from Toumbacounda to Kayes. 

“Doctors reached hkr. 20 
minutes after the fall, but nothing 
could be done," a spokeswoman 
said. She said Leduc. who was 
married with a child, apparently 
fell while riding alone. Doctors 
rushed to the accident after an- 
other competitor found him and 
sent a distress call. (Reuters) 

Becker vs. Tax Inspectors 

tennis Boris Becker told a Ger- 
man magazine that he is also think- 
ing of moving out of Germany soon 
because of what he calls unjust 
harassment by tax investigators. 

Tax investigarors raided Beck- 
er’s home in Munich last month 
and took away several files. Beck- 
er told Der Spiegel that his par- 
ents' home was also searched. 

Becker said he had paid all of 
his taxes and had no idea what the 
investigators were after. (API 



Myllyla taking the World Cup 
cross-country race in Russia. 


Ice Cold Victories 

NORDIC skiing Russia's Yelena 
Vaelbe won the women’s world 
cup 15-kilometer classic cross- 
country race near St Petersburg in 
temperatures of minus 1 1 degrees 
centigrade to take the overall lead 
in the World Cup. 

Finland's Mika Myllyla won the 
World Cup 30-kilometer freestyle 
cross-country race Saturday near St 
Petersburg. (Reuters) 

Alpine skiing. Page 16. 

Williams to Face Judges 

formula one Frank Williams 
said Sunday that he would appear 
before Italian judges next month to 
face a manslaughter charge arising 
out of the death of Ayrton Senna at 
the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix. 

“I will be there, and I will be 
defending my company and my- 
self." Williams said. 

The case is expected to be heard 
in February at Imola. 

Williams and five other mem- 
bers of the team have been charged 
with manslaughter in Senna's 
death, which occurred at Imola 
when his Renault-Williams car hit a 
wall. ( Reuters ) 

Heart Attack Kills Star 

soccer Hedi Ben Rekhissa. a 
Tunisian international defender, 
died Saturday night after suffering 
a heart attack during a friendly be- 
tween bis club, Esperance, and a 
French team, I’Ofympique Lyon- 
nais. He was 26. (Reuters) 

football Tyronee (Tiger) Bus- 
sey, a Colorado linebacker who re- 
mained committed to making the 
team even when seriously ill. died 
at a Detroit hospital Friday after a 
long battle with leukemia. He was 
20. (APj 


Patriots Rout Steelers, 28-3, as Martin Runs Wild 


Packers Crush 49ers , and Broncos Fall to Jaguars 


The Associated Press 

FOXBORO, Massachusetts — Curtis 
Martin burst out of the fog Sunday and 
carried the New England Patriots into 
the AFC championship game. 

The Pittsburgh native slashed for a 
team playoff record 166 yards and three 
touchdowns, including a 78-yarder. as 
the Patriots shredded the Pittsburgh 
Steelers' celebrated defense for a 28-3 
victory. 

The Patriots, playing their first home 
playoff game in IS years, will play at 

NFL Playoffs 

home again in eight days next Sunday 
against Jacksonville, which beat the 
Denver Broncos on Saturday. A Super 
Bowl berth goes to the winner. New 
England beat the Jaguars here 28-25 in 
overtime in the fourth game of the 
year. 

"We didn't have enough." the Steel- 
ers coach Bill Cowher said. * ‘They were 
the better team.” 

A heavy mist shrouded the field all 
through the game, and there was no 
sighting of the Jerome Bettis who 
battered Indianapolis for 102 yards in 
Pittsburgh's first-round win. 

Martin scored on a two-yard run in 
the first quarter, a 78-yarder in the 
second and a 23-yarder in the fourth. 

Pittsburgh’s defense was ranked 
second in the NFL. but was outplayed 
by a New England defense that has 
allowed just four touchdowns in its last 
six games. 

With the score 21-3, the Steelers had 
a chance to get back into the game with 
a first down at their 36-yard line, but 
Mike Tomczak threw an interception to 
Lawyer Milloy. Then with the ball at the 
New England 15. Willie Clay picked off 
another toss by Tomczak with 9:04 
left 

Kordell Stewart replaced Tomczak 
periodically, but he lost two yards on his 
first play and was harassed constantly. 
All 10 of his passes were incomplete. 

The Patriots, the AFC’s highest scor- 
ing team, dominated the first half, build- 
ing a 21-0 lead. They scored two touch- 
downs on their first six plays with gains 
of 34, 53 and 78 yards. Martin had 109 
rushing yards by halftime and Drew 
Bledsoe completed his first seven 
passes for 123 yards. 

With the Patriots controlling Bettis, 
the Steelers’ run-oriented attack stalled 


and they punted on seven of their eight 
first-half possessions. On the eighth, 
they turned the ball over on downs. 

The Steelers only avoided their first 
playoff shutout since 1947 when Norm 
Johnson kicked a 29-yard field goal 
with 3:50 left in the third quarter. 

The Patriots' domination impressed 
Cowher. “They came out and played 
with a lot of emotion today," the Pitts- 
burgh coach said. 

■ A Trouncing in the Mod 

David Maraniss of the Washington 
Post reported from Green Bay, Wis- 
consin : 

The weather was on their side, and so 
was Desmond Howard. And that was 
more than enough for the Green Bay 
Packers on Saturday as they dashed and 
slogged their way through the mud to 
defeat the San Francisco 49ers, 35-14. 

The victory propelled the Packers in- 
to the NFC championship game next 
Sunday, in which they will be the host 
within the wintry confines of Lam beau 
Field for the first time since the glory 
years of Vince Lombardi 30 years ago. 

Call it the Rain Bowl. By the second 
quarter, the uniforms of both teams were 
caked in mud and drenched by a cold 
and relentless January downpour. 

"It was awful out there, really," said 
the Packer quarterback. Brett Favrc, his 
smile betraying the fact that he was 
talking about the weather, not his team’s 
performance. “I’m still kind of cold. 
The more we played the worse it got. It 
was cold. It was raining. It was hard to 
hold the ball.” 

Favre and the Packer coach, Mike 
Holmgren, tossed out their game plan 
and ran the ball far more than they had 
expected. With Edgar Bennett churning 
his way for 80 yards and two touch- 
downs. Favre threw only 15 passes. 45 
fewer than the last time the teams 
played. 

San Francisco's quarterback, Steve 
Young, who started die game with sore 
ribs and a heavy dosage of painkillers, 
had to leave after the second series. And 
the 49ers* outstanding defensive left 
tackle. Bryant Young, injured his neck 
in the first half and was taken to a 
hospital. 

Howard, whose spectacular punt re- 
turns sparked the Packers during a five- 
game winning streak at the end of the 
season, set the course of the game in the 
First quarter with two electrifying runs. 


The first was a 71-yard touchdown 
dash on which he wove through five 
potential ladders before out-sprinting the 
punter for the goal line. Howard exposed 
the 49ers to punt the ball away from him 
after that, but die second puni came right 
to him again, and he responded by darting 
46 yards to the 49ers 7 yard line, setting 
up Favre ’s only touchdown pass, a four- 
y aider to Andre Risen. 

For much of the game, the play was 
sloppy and disjointed, a string of mis- 
cues, injury timeouts, referee huddles 
and short drives. But the Packers put the 
game away in the third quarter with the 
only full-fledged drive of the day. march- 
ing 72 yards in seven minutes, with Ben- 
nett finally diving into the end zone. 

* ‘The field was bad, but it was bad for 
both clubs," said the 49er coach, 
George Seifert. “We have no excuses. 
They just beat us.” 

■ No Miracle for Ehvay 

Tom Friend of The New York Times 
reported from Denver: 

John Elway looked into a mirror on 
Saturday, and saw Marie Brunei!. He is 
young, he prefers to throw on die dead 
run. ii takes five men to tackle him and 
he likes the cardiac comeback. 

On Saturday, at a crisp Mile High 
Stadium, the tables were turned — and 
the Denver Broncos’ tables, in partic- 
ular. were turned over. They had the 
best record in the American Football 
Conference — with 13 lovely victories 
— but the Jacksonville Jaguars mira- 
culously defeated them. 30-27. 

The Broncos led, 12-0, fell behind, 
23-12, closed to wi thin 3 points, and 
then saw Brunell answer each time with 
impromptu scrambles and perfectly 
aimed third-down lobs. One of those 
lobs, to Jimmy Smith, gave the Jaguars a 
30-20 lead, and although Elway at age 
36 looked a lot like a 25-year-old, the 
final onside kick did not work. 

“This will hurt,” the Broncos’ 
coach, Mike Sh anahan, said when it was 
over. “This will hurt for a long time." 

The Broncos could not execute two 
extra points, were whistled for 12 men on 
the field and could not stop the Jaguars, a 
two-year-old expansion team, from scor- 
ing on their last six possessions. 

Natrone Means gained 140 yards on 21 
carries — every one a bulldoze — and 
Brunei! completed 18 of 29 passes for 
245 yards and two touchdowns. He also 
rushed for 44 yards on seven attempts. 



The Patriots’ quarterback. Drew Bledsoe, heading for the turf Sunday 
after be was upended by Chris Oldham of the Pittsburgh Steelers. 


Sway was 25 of 38 for 226 yards and two 
scores. 

The Jaguars took a 23-12 lead with a 
touchdown and a field goal in the third 
quarter, and it was up to Elway once 
again to rescue the Broncos. Forty times 
over his career he has led Denver to 
comeback victories in the fourth quarter 
or overtime, and now he had no choice 
but to dial up another heart-stopper. 

It began welL Elway went 6 1 yards in 
a matter of minutes on a drive that 
finished with Terrell Davis plowing in 
for the touchdown. 


It was 23-20 with 7:37 remaining, and 
Denver needed one more stop. But 
Brunell improvised his way to Jackson- 
ville's drive of the year, and another 
seven points. 

Elway had no timeouts, but plenty of 
gall. He engineered an 80-yard drive in 
1:49. The touchdown was typical. He 
rolled right, pumped three times and 
darted apass to McCaffrey. 

The subsequent onside kick, though, 
was a horrible ooe — a punch straight 
ahead by Jason Elam that landed easily 
in die bands of Le’Shai Maston. 


Four Players Are Evicted as Parma Topples Juventus 



! jhnan • .ir*?uraziTh« WcoJU-d IVew 

Mauro Milanese of Napoli, left, battling with Rui Costa of Fiorentina. 


Cj^pdai by Ow Suqf Frtn Dbrtxrha 

Mario Chiesa scored the only goal of 
the game Sunday as Parma beat Ju- 
ventus, the Italian league Leaders. 1-0. 
Most of the other leading sides won to 
cut Juve’s lead at the top of the table. 

Chiesa scored after just two minutes 
of a nerve-ridden, violent match in which 
each side had two players evicted. 

Juve's Moreno Torricelli went first 
just before the interval. Chiesa, shrike 
partner Alessandro Melii and Juventus 
midfielder Zinedine Zidane were all 
thrown out of the match for rough play 
between the 64th and 66th minutes. 

‘ ’ll was an ugly match, but the referee 
was right every time he showed his red 
card." said Marcello Lippi, the Ju- 
ventus coach. “How many times do I 
have to repeat that Juventus has not won 
the title yet?” 

Unfashionable Vicenza beat Bologna. 
2-0. and is in second place, three points 
behind Juventus. Marcelo Otero scored 
both goals, and Bologna's Rennet An- 
dersson was evicted in die second half. 

Sampdoria and Intern azi on ale are 
four points behind Juventus. 

Roberto Mancini scored a hat-trick as 
Sampdoria beat Udinese by 5-4. Vin- 
cenzo Montella netted twice, as did 
Amoroso for Udinese. 

Inter beat Roma, 3-1, in Milan. Youri 
DjorkaefF received a two-minute stand- 
ing ovation for a scissor-kicked goal 
that gave the Milan club a 2-0 lead. 

Milan sunk to ninth after losing 3-0 in 
Rome to Lazio. 


Pierluigi Casiraghi sprang Milan’s 
off-side trap with a pass that sent Gi- 
useppe Signori to gallop to round Milan 
keeper Sebastiano Rossi and score. 

Casiraghi scored the second with a 
waist-high volley that hit both posts 
before crossing the line in the 45th 
minute. Alessandro Grandoni beaded in 
the third soon after the restart. 

In Perugia, the Russian striker Igor 
Simutenkov scored his first two goals of 

Soccer Roundup 

the season to help last-place Reggiana 
beat Perugia, 3-1, for its first victory of 
the season. Perugia fired coach Gio- 
vanni Gaieone last month. He will be 
replaced by the former Parma trainer 
Nevio Scala on Sunday. 

ENGLAND Manchester United, the FA 
Cup holders, overcame injuiy-hit but 
spirited Tottenham, 2-0, Sunday in a 
hard-fought third round match at Old 
Trafford. 

The game between the two most suc- 
cessful clubs in the 126-year history of 
the competition tipped United's way in 
the 50tn minute when Paul Scholes 
scored with a well-placed angled shot. 

David Beckham wrapped the march 
up 10 minutes from the end with a 
superb goal direct from a long-range 
free kick. 

Robert Lee scored against his old 
club, Chariton, but the first division team 
fought back to draw. 1-1, with New- 
castle. Lee. who played more than 300 


times for the Londoners before joining 
Newcastle, put Newcastle ahead after 33 
minutes with a fortuitous goal. He 
fluffed his first attempt completely — 
inadvertently wrong-footing his marker 
— before poking the ball into the net. 

Twelve minutes from the end of play, 
Mark KinseQa cracked a right-foot shot 
into Newcastle goal from 25 meters to 
level the score. 

GRAIN Real Madrid regained its lead 
in the Spanish first divisioa Sunday 
thanks to a solitary goal from teenager 
Raul Gonzalez against Athletic Bilbao. 

Real moved two points ahead of Bar- 
celona, 1-0 winners at third-placed De- 
portrvo Coruna on Saturday. 

Real had the best of the game but was 
fortunate to take three points as Raul’s 
61st-rainute winner took a deflection. 

The game could be played only be- 
cause of the undersoil beating in the 
Santiago Bemabeu stadi um The club 
had to appeal to fans to stop bombarding 
players and officials with snowballs. 

The other Madrid team, Atietico, won 
4-2 at struggling Extremadura. Daniel 
Prodan. a Romanian who was making his 
Spanish debut, scored the opening goal as 
Ateltico took a 4-0 lead. 

Substitute Juan Pizzi scored in the?- 
87th to give Barcelona victory at La 
Coruna. It was Deportivo’s first league 
defeat of the season. 

Ronaldo, without a goal in five 
matches, twice hit the woodwork for 
Barcelona. (AP. Reuters. AFP ) 

Ronaldomania, Page 16. 



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