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^The-Worid’s Daily Newspaper 

'** London, Di^day, January 7, 1997 

No. 35,412 



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By Kevin Sullivan 
and Maiy Jordan . 

KMngtonFastStTm ■■ 

TOKYO— More than 100 times 
in recent fliioiito, a Tbiyo city g)v- 
emment- biidg^ c^Bcer 
answered, his .front dooT4p fiiad un- 
wanted deliyeaes waiting — faem- 
ORhoid' Cretan, wigs, apjdicaiions 
for a naniage couueling service, 
expensive watdies — im to ei ght 
items a d^, all ca^ on lively. 

Hie. pcmce si^ the mail-arder 
harassment is the w«k(rf an angry 
taxpayer forging the buremicrat*s 
signature to or^ the mnsance 
goods. Hie motive: The bnreauciat 
IS a defendant in a lawsuit filed 
Toledo residents ai^giy diat ci^ of- 
ficisds- squandered more Qian ^ 
million between 1993 and 1995. to 
wine and (fine each odier. 

The phundfrs want th ei r tax 
money bade; the praidater wants to 
make it p e r s ond . 

s(» (fid that; I this gay leanied 

a lesson,** smd Ayako Kmazono, a 
Tedeyo kindergarten teadier, re- 
flecting puUic (S^ust and an ag- 
gressive-civic activism toward ba- 
reaucraoc oorruptum. 

I For decades. Japanere career 
public servants were (XMOSKdexed the 
best and the brightest — only the 
ttip graduates ctf the top iinivenatMS 
went into government service. The 
Japanese boieaucracy has £ar more 

Sophie servants ^e^^mie ac- 
customed to an levd of 

respect and ihe poks diat alrng 
the way beesrine puttd their jcibs. 

But in ^ pan year, poldic re- 
reetx . fcir .bizreauents has nose- 
dived with a series of 'g'*"***!^ and 

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U.S. Pension Panel 
Votes for Wall Street 

Stock Market Is Recommended 
As Remedy for Social Security 

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als squandered more dian $7 Strikers at a raUy of tfimiiiaiids in Seoul on Monday protestmg measures that make it easier to dismiss workers, 
turn between 1993 and 1995. to 

e and (fine each other. 

T» phuntifrB want their tax g ■' ■ g ^ ‘g- t 

Seoul Hardens stance as Unrest Grows 

‘That'sfratqyirmghi^ldiisper- . .. 

Prosecutors Summon Labor Leaders, Possibly Heralding Cradedmen 

By Andrew Pollack 

, . . Ngw 7 ortTamesSetvice 

SEOUL — Lab(n‘ strife in South 
Korea widened Monday as prosecutors 
sought to bring in labor union leaders 
for quttticMimg in what could be the 
beriffiiing of a dneriened crackdowiL 

With some companies opening, for 
the first dme after w New Year's hol- 
iday, die reliUively large turnout for die 
sDile Monday indicated that the move- 
ment had not lost all its momentum, 
aldiibugih there were some signs that it 

' About 190.000 workers rep e a e n ting 
1^ ctanpanies took part in tbie waJk(jut, 
aoxliding to the Korean Coidederatian 
jqf Hade, Uoioasi, that. is not 

legally recognized the government. 
Seoul said diat only 65,000 workers 

President IGm Youtig Sani, in his first 
extensive remarks on the labor unrest, 
appealed for ctxipoaticxi from labor 
uni(xi8 so that the strikes would not hurt 
das nadon’s fahering economy. 

But his comments contained no ob- 
vious concessions and were thus un- 
likely to moUily the strikers. 

The strike began Dec. 26 after Mr. 
Km's governing New Korea Party en- 
acted new labor legislati(» that woukl 
make it essaer for companies 10 dismiss 

to remarks prepared for defivery in 
his New Year’s speech Hiesday morn- 
ing. Mr. Krm> said that die. government 

would try to ensure employment se- 
curity but that the new labor law was 
necessa^ tt> impove competitiveness. 

Mr. Km saict "We should all share 
the pain of coping with the difficulty 
facing industry arid make mutual con- 
cessions in be^fits. thus together tiding 
over the current predicamenL * ' 

Prosecutors issued summonses 
Monday for about 20 labor leaders to 
appear f<x^ ({uesdoning. a possible first 
step toward the arrest of the leaders. But 
the labor officials said they refused to 
accept the summonses. 

In another sign of hardening ani- 
Uides, a spokesman for industrial groups 
thieaiencri Monday to file (xunplaino 

See KOREA, Page 4 

^Sm^t Materials’ Show a Mind of Their Own 



By Curt Sdplee 

• * . " Wi rt 6rg « aiiAMr3!avfcg • 

WASlSNCrrON — some day «xia,"mtieilh'geia^ 
wifAaat-w^igs ria^ flex tfaemrelves like fish tails, 
w tooqigottsly .diap^^ shqie to auxfil^ lift or drag. 
abentt tt bieakrseiri out A warning ^ dteo reinfoice 
t h ei r B nm nfl w e Mik awtrwniififa>t1y - Air enavBtiongrs may 
suppress &eir own vitaation. Handguns ^ only 

wto heM by Ihev ownera. Tfres coi^ piriitt^ mfocm 
diirers wltt diey ah. Seasitzve aidficiri mu^^ 

could power lobM — or human — limbs. 

Hu^ are only a few of die tedmo-marv^ ex- 
pected from die new smeoce of "smart materials": 

str u ct u res diatcan sense chanro in tharenv ir ta u nent 
and dien re^Kmd according, dianks to felicitous 
pe^arides m the way diey react to pressure, voltage, 
munetic fields or te mp er a ture. 

Smne smart systems already have crept into daily 
life. Setfadjus^g auto suroensious detect alterations 
in read coo^on and mo&y dieir stifbess accord- 
ingly. Smart siri« moiutor vibrations and instantly 
genmate counteiforoes diaz dampen the shock, en- 
hancing edge etattrerf. But many nrare ai^caticais are 
•on near horizcaL 

"The fust thing dial's going to hmpen," said James 
Sifids ctf the Uni verrity of M^landr s Sniaxt Materials 
and Stnictnces Resean± Center, is die advent of sy^ 
terns for "eaify warning about structural damage in 

laidges, buildings, airframes — things that have a 
tremendous cost in human lives." Several projects 
under way use fiber-ojaic thr^s as strain gauges on 
brid^: When the struemre stretches or warps, the 
tugging mtrion alters a tiny grating in the fib^-optic 
system, which in turn changes the wavelength of light 
navels almg the flb^. Ccwspuieiized detector 
modules translate those light shifis into stress units, 
providing advance notice of failure. In the long term, 
magnostic fibers might be coupled with ducts that 
would squirt epoxy or other strengthening material 
(firectiy on the spot where a crack was detected. 

Witi^ 25 years, many sdennsis believe, smart 

See SMART, Page 6 

By Briao Knowlton 

Intmaiionat Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — An advisory pan- 
el on Monday issued a much-awaited 
report on rescuing the Social Security 
system from eventual insolvency, re- 
commending that for the first time some 
of the billions of dollars handled by the 
mammoth government program be in- 
vested in Ute stock markcL 

The 1 3 pension experts who make up 
the Advisory Council on Social Security 
were divided on bow the government’s 
biggest benefit program could best har- 
ness the power of private investmenL 

They issued thrre competing lecom- 
mendaitioDs. but all three involved some 
degree of private investment as a way to 
boost the return over the government 
bonds in which Social Secwiy money 
is now invested. 

Panel members split on whether to 
recommend increasing payroll taxes 
and trimming benefits. 

In releasing the report, Edward 
Gramlich, chauman of the panel, said 
that one thing everyone agreed on was 
the need for ch^gp. 

"We must begin to evaluate our op- 
tions now to assure the American people 
that the program can continue to be 
financially solvent for future genera- 
tions," be said in a statement 

The report is expected to open a pas- 
sionate debate about who would stand to 
gain frenn the various approacbes, who 
would be e x pected to lose, who should 
bear the poUtiial and ecoriomic risks, and 
what the impact would be the stock 
market and the national economy. 

The fi^t lines of that debate ap- 
peared imixtediately. 

Joe Ervin, a sp^sman for the Na- 
tional Council of Senior Citizens, said 
that the members of his politically im- 
portant group were fea^l about un- 
bridled privatization. There’s sigmfic- 
ant risk involved to individual retirees 
because of market fluctuations, he said 
on CNN. "The real winners here are 
going to be Wall Street.’’ he said. 

Meanwhile. Peter Ferrara, represem- 
ing the group Americans for Tax Re- 
form. said that privatization of pension 
programs had jroved hi^Iy popular in 
countries like Chile. RetiM workers 
"are getting three or four or five times' ' 
what they would under a U.S.-s^le so- 
cial security program, he said. 

He and other supporters of a partial 
"privatization" of Social Security argue 
that stocks over die long run pay much 
higher returns than U.S. Treasury se- 

Ultimately, radical change to Social 
Security appears unavoidable, perhaps 
in this session of Congress. Hie pro- 
gram. upon which millioas of retirees, 
disabled workers and survivors of de- 
ceased workers are dependent, other- 
wise faces certain insolvency. 

The program is threatened by an 


Top Republican Opposes Gingrich 

For Football Fans^ Ifs Freaky and Fun 

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AleadmgHeuseRqiublicm sayshe. 
will not vote for Newt Gii^ndi in the 

Geotgjan^s' Uid for ie-deak» as 

Representative James Leach of 
Iowa, fthawman Of the Hpuse Banking 
Oun^nee. said Mr. (Bngridi, who 
faces edics (]oestioDs in the. House, 
should st^ dowii. He smd the speak- 
er, third-rmkirm elected offidal m tile 
goveromeiit a&r tiie president and 
vice presdeitf, occiqiies.too h i^ a n 
office to be clood^ by couiroversy. 

'*Tlie occiqianctif disposhzoa must 
be free of any diadow concerning al- 
fA giiinnft to the law or to die tnrtfi," 
IkfOjeadis^ "According, for foe 
courmy's. sdee, I have concluded tiiat 
the most ucNirse oS action 

for foe speaker is to Gep (town anid for 
the meoabere to riioose aiiofoer lead^ 
for the Hous&" 

Meanwlule, ■ Mr. (Sngridi was 
busy lohby^ Ri^Utoans mi die eve 
of foe voieT^es^. Pa^ 3. 

i 23.09 
I 6557.18 









Canada Settles 
Mulroney Libel Suit 

The government of Canada atx^ 
Ibgized to fonner Prime (fillister Bri- 
an Mulroney for suggesting that be 
received kickbacks tot an.aixplane 
contract, averting a libel trial (file to 
Monday. Cmder the settlement, 
foe gov ernment , will pay Mr. Mul- 
roney's legal bills. (Pa^ 3) 

MWETWO . Books Page 10: 

C3j^ iV<yertygBi4 item w 1.0^^ Crossword P#«e lO 

CTHOPE S- Opinion — Pages 8-9. 

IRARotketsPoBeeRMimBdfiut Sports..; Pages-18-19. 

By Thomas Geor^ 

Nef^YoHcThues Service 

NEW YORK — Football fans every- 
where are rubbing their eyes after the 
Carofou Fathers beat the venerable 
DaUas Cowboys, 26-17, Sunday. Only a 
day earlier the Jacksoarille Jaguars 
tof^led die loogb Denver Broncos, 30- 

This is shockmg. Ttus is numbing. 

Hus is fun. 

One upset would have been a sur- 
prising signal of the rapidly changii^ 
OTder ffl toe National Foofo^ League. 
But now bofo expansion teams uve 
reached foetr r espec ti ve ccmfereim 
chanmiooship games after competing 
for omy two seasems on the fiekL 

Both are one step away frexn Super 
Bowl XXJQ on Jan. 26 in foe Louisiana 
Superdome in New Orieans. 

Next Suiufoy, Carolina plays at Green^ 
Bay for the National Footbu Confer-* 
eoce champ ionfilrrp and Jacksozirille 
pl^ at New En gland for the American 
roofoall Conferoice tide. The winneTS 
meet in the Supa* Bowl. 

The two conference championship 
gamea oo Simday will provide a day 
unUke any ei^ before in the 76-year 

See NFL, Page 18 

Clicfc Banoonie Aiwnart heu 

Wesley Walls, the Panthers* tight end, screaming in joy and victory. 

iruxmtrovertible demographic reality. 

Now, with many more Americans 
worf^g and paying payroll taxes than 
are reti^, the program takes in $60 
billion more each year than it pays out in 
benefits. But that will change by 2012, 
unless something is done, as the huge 
number of Americans bom in the (ie- 
cade after World War H begin to retire, 
and a smaller number of workers are left 
to pay their benefits. By 2029, payroll 
taxes will cover only an estimated 76 
percent of promised benefits. 

With people living longer, the ratio of 
wtMkers to retirees has alreiuly shrunk, 
from 16 to 1 in 1950 to 33 to 1 today. 
What essentially has been a pay-as-you- 
go approach is thus headed for (frffi- 

Ihe advisory commission was 
See INVEST, Page 6 

US. Whtches 
Latin Boom 
From Afar 

It Stays on Sidelines 
As Trade Barriers FaU 

By Larry Rohter 

New ypht Times Seniet 

MIAMI — Just over two years ago. 
President BUI Clinton emerged from a 
meeting with 33 Western Hemisphere 
leadeis and made on ambitious pledge. 
By 2005, he promised, a "Free Tr^ 
Area of the Americas would stretch 
from Alaska to Argentina' ’ and "will be 
the world's largest markeL" 

Since then, barriers to trade and in- 
vestmeut have indeed begun to topple, 
thanks to the dozens of a^eemeots that 
Latin American and Canbbean coun- 
tries are signing with one another. 

For its part, thou^. the United States 
has mostly been sitting on the sidelines, 
hobbled by what Latin American of- 
ficials and trade experts describe as a 
lack of w'ill, lea(lership and commit- 

"What we are seeing is tbe con- 
sequences of two years of drift." said 
Robert Pastor, director of the Latin 
America and Caribbean programs at the 
Carter Center in Atlanta. 

"Every previous administration was 
hungry for an opportunity like this, but 
Latin America wasn’t ripe for >l Now 
that Latin America is genuinely inter- 
ested, the United States has been out of 

The resulting vacuum, largely the 
product of American electoral politics 
and the Mexican financial crisis, has 
quickly been filled by countries like 
Brazil and Argentina. 

Putting aside their historic rivalry. 
South America's two giants have ag- 
gressively taken the lead by forging a 
four-nation maiket called Mercosur — a 
Spanish contraction of Common Mar- 
ket of the South — with more than 240 
million people, a total annual output of 
SI trillion and a definition of free trade 
somewhat different from Washing- 

Already the world's fourtb-laigest 
unified market, Mercosur is de^ in 
negotiations with the Europiean Umon 
and with neighboring groups in 1-airn 

In addition, the prime ministers of 
Japan and China and the president of 
South Korea have all made state visits to 
Latin America in the last few months, 
looking for opportunities in an area they 
long viewed as a U.S. preserve. 
Taiwan’s {Mime minister is scheduled to 
do the same s(»n. 

'‘What is in fact in the making is a 
South American free trade area," said 
Marcos Rodriguez Mendoza, a 
Venezuelan economist who is the chief 
trade adviser to the Organization of 
American States. Economic integration 
is becominga "reality." he said, with or 
without Washington. 

See TRADE, Page 6 

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A Friiitful Term in Store if Congress Resolves Ethical Issues First 

By ^ficbael ^9^nes 

New York Times Serviee 

WASHINGTON — As a new Congress con- 
venes on Hiesday vowing to cut taxes, tame Medi- 
care and bslsfwvi foe foderal budget, 

Tnfiny m die Capitol believe^ elements of suettess 
ate in aligomem for tbe firte'time ib years but only 
if foe lawmakers can first deal wifo exfdosive 
ethical issues involving campaign finance and 
Speaker Newt Gingridi. . 

Tlie ultimate pafo of die new Congress is likely 
to be ebartod inrts first weeks, when tiie House is 

emected to hold extraorfonaiy public hearings and 
debate tbe fore of Mr. Gin^ch. Perhaps a month 
later, in late February or early March, the Senate 
Governmental Affairs Committee will publicly 
investigate possible campaim-spending abuses by 
foe Democratic Phrty, foe V^te House an(t prob- 
ably. by R^ublicans as well. 

But If Congress can address such combustible 
issues without burning all bridiges between the pvo 
parties, it could be extraordinarily productive, 
some Ireders say. 

"Thepresidmt has now said, 'Look, I've got all 
my pedittos hghlnd me now; 7 cton't have to (^xraie 

from a political point of view.' " Representative 
Richard Armey ofTexas, ibe majority leader, said 
Sunday Ui al^roadcast interview. “ 'Let’s get down 
to the legislative woric.' And he's anxious to do it, 
and we're anxious to get back to it as well." 

At Che (op of a le^Iative agenda nearly as 
ambitious as foe one Republicans brought with 
them two years ago are a balanced-budget amend- 
ment to the constitution, a biiiding plan to erase the 
deficit by 2002, an overhaul of the federal health- 
care system and tax cuts for families, small (xisi- 
nesses and investors. 

Demtxaats would add tbe partial restoration of 

welfare benefits cut by legislation that President 
Bill Clinton signed into law last summer. 

Some in both parties demand an overhaul of 
(uunpaim-spending laws. 

Much in foe new Congress augurs well for 
optimists. There are lots of new faces; one of eve^ 
fire members is a freshman, nearly as many as in 
1 994. Excepting foose House members who rose to 
foe Senate, none carries scars from tbe last four 
years of political battling on Capitol Hill. 

The timing is also right At the While House, Mr. 

See CONGRESS, Page 6 


Looking for a High-Class Home? /The Competition Is Heating Up 

Chic Property Is Hard to Buy in Booming London 

By Fred Barbash 

WisAin j(0ii Post Service 

L ondon — The residential real estate 
market in cenci^ London is so hot that a 
salesman for a riverside development 
here took a swing through the Far East 
recently and in 10 days sold every available 
apaitmrat — sight unseen. 

Good London properties are so scarce, said 
Charles Ellingwora. another agent who travels 
the world in search of wealthy Imyers, that if a 
client handed him $1.5 million today and said 
buy something tomorrow. *‘die chances are 
gocKh but not great, that in the next month or two 
me right thing would turn up." 

“lUst year at this time, there was lots of stock 
on the market, just sitting around," saidTimodiy 
Hanbuiy-Tracy, a broker qiecializing in the pmh- 
er parts of town. “Now, there is veiy. very little 
left to buy, no matier how much money you 

Indeed, right now in the London area, the less 
you ^ve to spend on a house or apartment, the 
more likely you will be to find one. It won’t be in 
Knightsbridge or Belgravia or South Kensing- 
ton. but at least it will be a place to live. 

The scarcity of housing here is mostly the 
result of the intense interest and enormous pur- 
chasing power of international^ buyers. Among 
the international investors is a hi^ proportion of 
Hong Kong businessmen — some of whom, say 
red estate specialists, are making “just in case" 
purchases in anticipation of the transfer of Hcmg 
Kong frm British to Oiinese control on July 1. 

Other investors — from Singapore and 
Mala ysia in particular, with a few from Britain 
— are doing what they always do, looking 
for a high renim on their investments. Few 
actually will live in the l^>aItInents or homes they 
are buying. They will rent them out at the ex- 
traordliiary rales — rising every day — that are a 
hallmait of central London real estate. 

Decent two-bedroom apartznents within two to 
four miles of Buckingham Palace, for example, 
rent for $500 a week at the low end of the upscale 
marto and about $1,000 a week at the high end 
Yes, that’s per week. Four-bedroom apartments 
start at about $1,000. Four-bedroom houses in 
good nei|faborhoods — usually duplexes — rent 
for a mimraum of about $2,600 a week. 

Who has that kind of money? Bankers and 
brokm from Asia, Europe and the United States 
who work in London’s financial (hsoict and who 
are receiving exceptionally high bonuses this 
year, armies of business people assigned here by 
companies dial subsidiK their rent; and just plain 
ridi people, some of whom use their rentra houses 

Through the Roof 

The cost of^^rbnents in the best residenSai areas of the worid's 
commerdai hubs has skyrocketed. London, left, is now attracting 
many Asian investors. Below is a comparison of monthly 
rental costs for a three- or four-bedroom apartment in upscale 
neighborhoods where hr&gn exscutfi/es typically live 

or apartments as weekend retreaB or, convnrely. 
as residences during the wmk week. 

Those who follow property values attribute 
the boom to a numb^ of factors. Britain has 
finally, unequivocally, recovered from the re- 
cession of the early 1990s and now has one of the 
strongest economies in Europe. This, in turn, has 
contributed to the expansion and profitability of 
investment and ban^g firms in London's fi- 
nancial district — the square mile around St. 
Paul's Cathet^ called the City of Lcxidon. This 
has created consider^ly greWer demand for 
botii rentals and purchases. 

Meanwhile, ^ian investors in particular are 
also rolling in money as never before. “They've 
got a lot of spare money sloshing around,” said 
Mr. Ellingwc^, managing director of Piopeity 
Vision Ltd. They have ‘ 'a world viewpoint" about 
investment tfam transcends equities, he said, and 
are buying property in Australia and Shanghai, 
too. “It ha[^)ens duu London is die flavor of the 
month," Mr. EUingwordi said. 

Mr. Haobury-Tracy said many of his clients 
were Italians. “They have liked London for a 

long time,*' be said, among die reasons being 
that “culturally ^y like getting their money out 
of Italy." and London is still a bargain com- 
pared, for example, with Paris. 

The quick sale of about 400 apaitrnents at the 
riverside development called t^uniy Hall — 
after the Greater London Council headquarters 
that once occupied the site on the south bank of 
the Thames — surprised indusay ohaervers be- 
cause they did not consider the location very 
attractive. The neighborhood is dominated by 
the Waterloo train station and peopled by derel- 
icts late at night 

O NE-BEDROOM tmanneats there 
were priced around $165,000, and tiie 
three-bedrooms at about $800,000. 
But Roy Conway, maik^bg director 
for G ailiar d Homes, die compan}r selling Coun^ 
Hall, said he placed some ads in Asia, staged 
sales exhibits in Hong Kong, Singapore and 
Kuala Lumpur and returned to London having 
sold everything available. 

County Hall, although not cheap, is not ex- 

sive by London standards. Mansions in 
idi Kensingtim can sell for $15 million. Large 
fbur-bedroom diqilex bouses in parte of Soudi 
Kensingtoo commonly go for $2 million to S3 
million. A two- bedroom rqiartinent in Kni^ts- 
bridge was advertised last week for about 
$700,000 — not including the land itself — 
under Britain's “leasehold" system, in which 
one owns the building but lea^ the property 
from a “freeholder.’* 

A few years ago, it was commonly said diat 
housing prices in central London were com- 
parable to prices in fancy Manhattan neigh- 
borhoods. But Hmiry Rom^, executive vice 
president of the New York real estate publishing 
firm of Yale Robbins, said he was stunned by 
rental prices in London. But he also said that New 
York was beginning to experience a scarcity of 
“hi^-eod" properly siinilar to London's. 

*^Ask any London ^ent vriieiber 1997 is @)ing 
to see further price rises, and die answer will 
‘yes,"’ said an article in Lmidon Pnqier^ News. 
“Askthrai if lhe]f teve enou^ p roperties to sell, 
and the answer wm be an eqimlfy definite ‘no.’’’ 

U.S. Envoy ^ 
Tries to Close 
Gaps in Deal f 
On Hebron 

QmfilfdbrOiirSlcffF’a"Ciipeiaa ,.. 

BETHLEHEM — The U.S. mediJ. 
ator, Dennis Ross, met here Mond^ 
with the Palestinian leader, Yasser Ara- 
fat, in an attempt to teach a deal on the 

Israeli witb^wal from Hebron. 

Mr. Ross was making an intense 
fort to close gaps between Mr. Arafei 
and Isi^l on ifebron. The Palestine 
was due to meet later Monday with 
Prime Miiuster Benjamin Netanyahi^ 
negotiator, Yitzhak Molho. 

The 1^ problezn preventing the si^ 
ing of a accord is disagreemetf 

over what will happen after an Israel 
troop pullback in the city. The Ptf- 
^riniang want 8 timetable from Isiul 
for three stages of a further troop wi^ 
drawal in the West Bank. 

Under Ae autonomy accords, the 
withdrawal was to have been completed 
by Septmnber 2997, accmup^ed by a 
understanding on both sides that at^ 
the end, most of the West Bank wouldfc 
be Palestinian control. .j 

Mr. Netanyahu has entes^ xesqi^ 
vadons about the staged witfadrawjd, 
however, saying it would weaken the 
Israeli position whoi talks begin on die 
final status of the West Bank and Gqna 

Officials on both sides saideariierditt 
they had ^reed on increasing the nuQb- 
ber of international observers in Hebron 
after die Israeli red^oymenL Bur th^ 
said die deal had not been signed. ... 

The ^estinian negotiatm, 

Eiekat, a^ meeting in Jericho wift 
Israeli officials, said both sides had 
agreed to increase the number of ob- 
servers in Hebron to 210, fimn 30, mice 
Israel hands over 80 percent of die tovoi 
to Palestinian s^-nw. .r> 

“We readied agreement basically on 
all the points, and now the a gr eement 
go to those in chat;m on each side," s^ 
an Israeli Foreign Ministiy spokesmaiL 
“It's hmti to estimate when it will bb . 

Under ihe agreement, 180 peaci^ 
Iteqieis from Danmark. Italy, NOTway. 
Swed^ Switzerland and Tiukey would, 
join 30 Norwegian observers altea^ 
statiem^ in the town. (Reuters, APf 

Hehnsley, 87, Real Estate Tycoon, Dies 

His New York Empire ffhs Shaken by Tax-Evasion Charges in 1988 

By Alan S. Oser 

Ntw York Times Struct 

NEW YORK — Harry Hehnsley, 87, 
New York’s pre-eminent real estate in- 
vestor, brokn and dealmaker, whose 
reputation late in life was clouded by tax 
evasion charges in a case that led to a 
four-year prison term for his wife, Le- 
ona, died Saturday at Scottsdale Me- 
morial Hospital in Scottsdale, Arizona. 

The imniediaie cause was jmeumo- 
nia, and his wife was with him at his 
daith, said Howard Rubenstein, a long- 
time spokesman for Mr. Hehnsley. 

A supremely self-made man, Mr. 
Hehnsley began his career in 1925 as a 
$12-a-w^ office boy and ended it with 
great wealth at the head of Hehnsley 
Enterprises, but in the shadow of his 
forcefol second wife, Leona, whom he 
married in 1972 after divorcing his first 

While both were indicted for income 
tax evasion, in 1989 Mr. Hehnsley was 
found mentally unfit to stand trial. 

In his heyday, the tall, witty and out- 
going Mr. Hehnsley managed to amass 
a strikingly diverse portfolio of prop- 
er^, becoming either the sole owner or 
an ownership partner in real estate 
worth about SS billion during the 
powerful surp in values of the 1980s. 
He meationed that figure in an interview 
in 1983. Tben he chuckled and added. 
“Maybe it's a little bit more." 

Last year, after a sale of a number of 
properties, Forbes magazine estimated 
Mr. Hehnriey’s worth at $1.7 billion. 

Although he developed new build- 
ings, most of his properties were already 
built and occupied when he and his 

iht them; Ac his zesiilh as an 
owner! he beld'OT cbhcrbUbd some oflhe 
most famous and admired office build- 
ings in New York, inciuding the Empire 
State Building. 

Among other notable properties that 
he owned or controlled, ncquently with 
major partners, were the Hehnsley 
Building at 230 Park Ave.; the Lincoln 
Building at 60 East 42d St; foe Graybar 
Building at 420 Lexington Ave.; foe 
Flatiron Building at 1 75 Fifth Ave.. 
Toy Center at 200 Fifth Ave. and foe 
Fisk Building at 250 West 57fo Sl 
T here were also large residential de- 
velopments that Mr. Hehnsley and p^- 
ners bought and managed — Tudor City 
and Paik West Village in Manhattan, 
Farkchester in the Bronx and Fresh 
Meadows in Queens. He also had a stake 
in the Stanett-Lehigh Building in Man- 
hattan. a marvel of engineering foot can 
raise whole railroad cars to its upper 
floors on elevators. 

By 1989 he had become just as well 
known for his hotels, particularly ^ 
Helmsley Palace on Madison Avenue, of 
which the Helmsleys had come to be co- 
owneis along with other investors. 

Relentless advertising featured Mrs. 
Hehnsley as its demandmg queen stand- 
ing guard over foe welfare of her guests. 
Other Hehnsley hotels included tite IHuk 
Lane on Central Park South and the 
Hehnsley Windsor on West S8fo Street 
His empire was shaken toward the 
end of his career when he and his wifo 
along wifo other senior associates were 
indicted for tax evasion in 1988. The 
Helmsleys bou^t furnishings and dec- 
orations for their manorial home in 
Greenwich. Connecticut, and for foetr 

residence at foe Park Lane, foe indict- 
mem said, abd~ then''fi^udoiebti^''de= 
ducted them as business expenses for 
the Helmsley hotel chain. 

In June, 1989, a judge found Mr. 
Hehnsley no longer tnenUdly competent 
to stand trial be«uise of deficiencies in 
memory and his ability to reason. But 
Mrs. Helmsley was ordered to face foe 
charges, and in August 1989 she was 
convict^ of evading $1.7 million in 
federal income taxes, filing false tax 
returns and mail fraud. 

A^ legal moves to avoid (nison 
failed, she begp serving a four-year 
prison sentence in April 1992, spending 
18 months in a federal prison before 
being transferred to a halfway house in 
Manhattan. She finished her sentence 
under curfew in the Hehnsley sgiaitment 
at the Park Lane. 

Andre Franquin, 73, Creator 
Of Gaston Legate Cartoon 

PARIS (API — Andre Franquin, 73, 
the Belgian cartoonist who ciriued foe 
goofy but subversive misfit Gastem 
Lagaffie, a symbol of foe 1960s who was 
beloved by Francophone baby boomers, 
died Sunday in Saint-Laurent-du-Var. 
near Nice, after sirifering a heaft attack. 

The prolific caricatuiisi created a 
number of cartoon characters but was 
best-known for Gaston, the lazy and 
subversive office employee wbo ap- 
peared for the first time in foe cartoon 
weekly Sphou in February 1957. 

Gascon, wifo his unkempt hair and 
turtleneck, had foe anti-establishment, 
anti-militarist spirit that later became a 
symbol of France's social upheaval in 
May 1968. 

Burton Lane 
Dies, Wrote 

18 Killed in Attack Near Algiers 
Laid to Muslim Fundamentalists 

747 Bursts 16 Tires on Landing 


FRANKFURT — A South African Airways Boeing 747 
blew out 16 of its 32 tires while landing at foe Fraiudiirt 
airport Sunday night, blocking a main runway for more 
than seven hours, an airport official said Mon(£iy. 

“The brakes apparently locked up while foe plane was 
landing and 16 of foe tires blew ap^." foe official said. 
There were no injuries. The flight from Amsterdam to 
Johannesburg included the scheduled stop in Frankfuit. 


X MimheefFarSmsOetmitmim 

■it For ReaervotiCaa it 

Fax;(65 ) 7323866 

Gieek Seamea Announce 2d Strike 

PIRAEUS, Gr ee c e — The Greek Panhellenic Seamen's 
Federation prote sti ng foe goveminem's decision to withdraw 
their tax benefits, announced a48-hour strike Monday designed 
to cripple Greek flag shipping and idle Greek ports. The strike,* 
the second within ^ days, is scheduled for Jan. 13. 

In an armouncement, foe federation said foe strike was 
called to protest the government's negative stand on foe 
onions’ demands to restore their tax discounts after a break- 
down in negotiations over the weekend. The discounts vary 
according to a seamen’s status and range from 10 percent to 
lOOpercenL {API 

Air Afrique has suspended flights between Paris and 
Niger after a series of attacks on tourists in the African state, 
travel industry officials said Monday. The Paris-based com- 
pany said that recent attacks included robberies and a ma- 
chiiie-gun ambush of a group of (ourists. (AFP) 

The Dutch airline KLM will start twice-weekly flints 


between Amsterdam and Abidjan. Ivory Coast, on April 1 , its 

West Africa manager said on Monday. 

Israd and Jordan inaugurated a second air link between 
foe two countries Monday. The Jordanian airline Royal Wings 
will operate flints twice weekly between Amman and Haifa, 
officials said. Israel 's carrier, El Al, also has an opdrxi cm the 

route Ixit has not said when it will begin service. {AFP) 

Smoking will be baiuied from March 30 on all transat- 
lantic flights operated by Sobena. the Belgian airline's chair- 
man. Paul Reutlidger. announced Monday. {AFP) 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK— “Burtaoi Lane, 84, foe 
Broadway and Hollywood composer 
who was best known for the stage mu- 
sicals “Finian's Rambow" and “On a 
Gear Day You See Forever," died 
here Sunday after sufifering a stroke. 

Mr. Lane's first show tunes were 
heard on Broadway when he was <mly 
18 and comribuied songs to the 1930 
revue “Three’s a Crowd." 

His first movie credit came three 
years later, for “Eveiyfoing I Have Is 
Yours" and other tunes in “Dancing 
Lady," wifo Joan Crawford, Qaik 
Gable and Fred Astaire in bis film de- 

The music for “On A Clear Day" in 
1965 won a Grammy for Mr. lane's 
lyricist, Alan Jay Leroer. 

Mr. Lane's music received Tony and 
Academy Award nominations as well. 

He also wrote foe music for die 
movies “Babes <xi Broadway" in 1941, 
“Royal Wedding" in 1951 and “Give a 
Girl a Break" in 1953. 

The first show for which he wrote the 
complete score was “Hold On to Your 
Hats.’ ' a 1 940 production that starred A1 
Jolson and Martha Raye. 

The hit of the show was “There's a 
Great Day Coining Manana.' ’ 

Mr. Lane serv^ as president of foe 
American Guild of Authors and Com- 
posers, lobb^g for strong legislative 
if artists' 

protection of 


IMnce Bertil, 84, foe uncle of King 
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, died 
Sunday at his home in StockholixL 

• * ' 'Agence Fraace-Presse 

ALGIERS — Tenorists killed 18 
'‘ people and wbunded 18 in an ovemi^ 
near Algios, liiesecarily services 
said Monday, blaWig Islamic funda- 
mentalists for the atta^ 

The massacre occurred in Douaou- 
ada, 30 kiloineters (18 miles) west of 
Algiers, foe services said, giving no fur- 
ther details. The secuii^ forces state- 
ment, carried by tibe offudal Algerian 
press agency, Aire, said the iSkillrahad 
been “assasrinated in a cowardly way" 
— the term security officials use wto 
victims have had duoais col 

Douaouda, near foe Meditenanean 
resmt of Zeralda, has been foe scene of 
several recent civilian massacres. Six 
days ago, six constnictioa workers were 
hacked to deafo on their building site. 

The new irfllings came just 24 horns 
after 1 6 people were killed in the village 
of Benacbour. SO kilometers soufo of 

number of killiiigs attributed to 
fundamentalist movements risen 
sharply in the aroroach to Ramadan, foe 
Muslim monfo oif fasting due to start this 

At least 50,000 jieople have died 
since Islamic faaid-liners took up arms 
in 1992 after the now-banned Tslamic 
Salvation Front was denied almost-oer- 
tiun electoral victoiy vriien tbe second 
round of elections was cancdecL .. . 

■ Western Nations Warned 

A militant Algerian fundamentalist 
group has warned France and other 
Western natirms against in hs 

campmgn to topple foe Algerian au- 
foemties, Reuters reported from Paris, 
quoting foe daily Le Monde. 

' Le Monde saidit had received a stue- 
nmit from foe outlawed Jslamic Sal- 
vatiem Army accusirig’ Alters "of in- 
volvement in “bomble crimes’' and 
warning Western states a^dnst aidii^ 
foe Algerian authorities. 

Tlte wammg smfaced during a perkd 
of growing violence in Algeria between 
Muslim rebels and foe mufoary-backed 

It also was seat a Ihtie over a mo^ 
after the rush-hour bombing of a Paris 
commuter train on Dec. 3 in which fonr 
people died. French investigatens sus- ■ 
pect another rebel gtoip, the Armed 
telamic Gtoi^, in die tram bombing,.-* 

The Islamic Salvation Army, ooe.of 
several Muslim rebd groiqis vyin^tt) 
tcansform Algeria into an Islamc re- 
public, is known as foe aimed wing.of 
the Islamic Salvation Front, another 
group banned in Algeria. 

To OUT read we 

It’s never been 
earier to subscribe. 
For more infomialioD 
please call: (02) 31 10 99 
or fax: (02) 31 35 78 




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Middle East 

Forecast fix Wsdiesday throe# FfUsy. as provided by AceuWaafher. 


North America 
Much Q( the Easiem United 
States wffl be eeasonelty 
edd ttMUQti Friday, except 
tar PiQiide and the deep 
Southeast, where h will 
lemein warm. Anile ea wB 
enp Into Ihe Piam Tiui- 
day and Fridw, reacting 
die westem Great Lakes 
by the w ooko nd. The Weet 
wd stay ifcy. 


Much 01 Europe wtl reman 
on Ihe cold side of namat, 
ttnufo the core oMhQ M- 
tarty cold air will be over 
noriheastem Butope and 
western Rueaia. Waetam 
arau will stay cold but 
much more seasonable 
than meant weeks, h wlH 
be stomy acmes Italy and 
southern fiuopa.. 


Bating end Seoul w« have 
nev-noimai tempembjras 
Wednesdey, followed by 

another cuUrtwfniuttato 
and Friday. Much of Jwan. 
ineliidlng Tokyo, will be 
near- le belew-normal 
SeasanaUs h fCotg 

whh shewera possible 
each day. Southeast Asia 

RUIN «nh Me ram. 

— lamps 

-as? anew 

ioa ujETps 

aim awspe 
iMt lamr 
luse 104 wi 

North America 













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PritiieJ hy .Ntm-s/m IntemalipoaL London. Registered as a newspaper at the post office. 

■V-;' -oi;;:!::--; : •• \' ••; . ' • :• :. ' • 



" “4 J 

anotber leader. 


^ James 

J^acn of Iowa, chaiinum of tbe House BanJdng 
COTnimttee. led an investigaiioa of the- 
'Y^utewaterafi^involv^ni»idea BiUOin- 
toa and ffiDaiv Rodhani Omi^ H« ntfiM- 
MrUac* woidd not vote for Mr. 

''/The Geoi^a itepoblican said MondSyAat be 
expected to be rejected speaker. H e was to 
meet la^ Monday in a closed-door session with 

HminKtTtf«an «-ltn»nm,nir '• ig- -* 




epublican Says Gingrich Should Step Down 

in the vote Tuesday. IndicadMis were that he 
would probably prevaiL 
Republicans control die House a margin of 
227 to 207 ovCT the Democrats, with one in- 
tfependeoL So, 20 Republics abstentioos would 
pr^eot Mr. Gingrich firmn obcainingthe n eed ed 
majoiiQr for le-mecdMi. But while some reports 
last week put die number of RqiuWcans im- 
mlling to commit to Mr. Gingrich at 27, more 
recent counts 1^ party leaders show that the 
Geor^an should prevaiL 
Mr. Leach is dte first mendier of the RgiuUican 
leadenih^ to saiy be would oppose Mr. f^grieh, 
and the second House Rmmeuican of any rank to 
do so. The teller is Nfidiael Fcnhes New 

“He wiQ not vote for him tomor ro w.** said 
Elise Downer, a Leach spokeswoman. “He is 
planning to vote for another Republican indi- 
vidual. He has ncx teld me who that will be.** 

In his statement on the issue, Kfr. Leach said 
the speaker, duid-imildng elected official in the 
government after die president and vice pres- 
ident, occupies too an office to be clouded 
by co u U' ov ei^ such as tfae House ethics Ixi^efaes 
pemHtng agaSnsI hin\. hfr. flingrirf^ 
to violating ndes governing the use of charitable 
donatioas for political purposes and to mis- 
informing Honse investigators on that matter. A 
dec^ion on punishment is pending before ^ 
Hou^ but would come afttt the speaker vote 

‘ ‘The occupant of this posttim must be free of 
any shadow concerning allegiance to the law or 
to the tru^.'* Mr. Lttch said. “Accmdingly, for 
the country's sake, I have concluded that the 
most responsible course of action for die speaker 
is to step down and for the members to choose 
another leader for the House.** 

Mr. Gingrich, speaking before Mr. Leach's 
announcement, declined Mcrnday to address the 
substance of the charges in a speech to a business 
groui> in his hometown. Marietta, Gemgia. But 
he said a ft erward that be was certain he would 
win a new term as qieaker. 

“Tomorrow, whm I*m sworn in.** he said, “I 
will be tfae fixst R^blican speaker to be sworn 
twice in a row in 68 years.** 

But the timing of the vote, coming days before 
the etiiics committee holds a pubbc bearing to 
consider the case, has left some Repubbcan 
legislators uneasy, and a few have suggested that 
he should step aside, at least until the ethics issue 
is resolved. O^rs have spoken of oaming an 
interim speaker. 

On Dw. 21, Mr. Gingrich said that he had 
unintentionally misled the ethics committee 
about die use of charitable cmtributions to fi- 
nance a college course he taught The panel is to 
decide in about two weeks whether to recom- 
mend sanctions against him. 

The White House spokesman, Michael Mc- 
Cuny, said President Bill Qintoi had ordered his 
staff not to comment ou the case. (Reuters, AP) 

.{Hoses Roads in 

' . The Associated hftss 

1 ^' MINNEAPOLIS — -Road crews 
^uxambl^ Monday to clear roads in the 
upper Afidwest anw a sterm hit the 
4^<», living more dian two feet of 
•snow and drifts up to 12 feet high. . 
-i'-Mving remamed dan^sioas and 
^tozeos m schools, includittg the Um- 
•*vexrity of-Mnniesotia at. Morris, were- 
closed Mond^. 

I"- The stoim strudc Saturday, riratting 
down inaiar hi^iw^ in Mmicsota and 
^eastern North and South Dakota. Aa 
tmi^ as 27 indies (70 ceDtimetas) of 
snow fell and was laled tq> wind 
•^^nsting more than 40- miles (6S kilo^ 
^irieters) per hour. 

.It Cafiformans Be^ Cteaniip 

•' ^ Some residents of nortiiem Califor- 
nia began deaning tiidr wateriogged 

'floodwatess through Jev^^§ 
4tept thousands of mhers homeless. The i 
^sodated Press r eported. 

. I ■ ‘ At leaa 23/100 peme idunied telheir 
-‘homes Sunday in Yuba arid Sutter 
diwinries, but innoff fiom die Siena 
Nevada mountam range coatinued to 
!{wwn rivgf<af!iTw« finrrf^ rjtrfnmia 





^»-ar \ljiier! 

Canada Settles Mulroney Libel Suit 

IVial 1b Averted After Ottawa Apologizes for Kickback Allegations 

By Aoriiony DePalma 

. ' iS - 'TORONTO Lawyers 
' fen- 'Brian ‘ Mofaoneyr the 

• ■ :fv' tfoniim Canadian prime mm- 
-isier, ftnnaUy aocqpted'a 

puWc r^Ogy M<m^ fttxn 
:.c‘* • die federal- g w en u hent and 

• . >lfaeRi 03 ^CanadianMoanted 
^^lioeand said diat hfr. Mid- 
iQD^ had been completely 

.r,- :TioAcattd of acc u sat io ns 
'that ho had solicited kick- 
. V-*) 'badcs while in office. 

'.But while Canada’s top 
'iaw eofcintementofficialsac^ 

' ' *. ..f: knowledged that tbqr bad 

J '!>. ‘‘made umustified allegatitxis 
• -against Mr. Mulron^. they 
* jr -insisted that tfae govem- 
'..1 ; *snent*s inveadgation would 
. \ ‘crmtinite into alleged ptQrofEs 
in the purdiase' of 34 oom- 
tnenial jets in 1^5. 

' Th^ also left open tife 
question of whethCT Mr. 
Muhtmey, now a lawyer with 
positions on many mtemar 
tiooal copotaiB boards, xe- 
«- « mains a target of police in- 

h? vesrigations. 

* Itah' “YOU don’t rimt down a 

in.D5=^ police investigatibo^ filing. 

. ...-r a2awsak,**saidJastioeAfin- 

isier Allan Rock. 

Before die formal seltle- 
’ merit Moed^, the govenu- 
ment and -die former prime 
^ •' minisGer wsie headed into an. 

internedne political and l^al 
bs^ that would have b^- 
^ dayed out in ficont. of 

Canada's 30 mSlioDieddeQts, 
^ I "" l^ho have not shown much 
^Wrapatiiy forehfaar 
^ *''*The gqvexnmdit’s apo^ 

, i logy teld wiBiimuess to 

approxiinatety SI million m 
Mufappey’s fees, 

«Mulroaey had filed against 
1 4 he oovenintent in 

-* -f^ovember 19w. A trial on 
3^. Mubooey's tSsa^ that 

jhegiverninent ’s ac tions had- 
riamaged lus rqaitaiion, and 

tus dwT H ind for $37.5 TtiiTliftn 
in dannmes, was to have 
Started Monday. • 

He has lepeuedly denied 
trying to' itdhmce - die' jft ' 
purchase or pKofU^ fixnn it 
many w^, and said officials 
bad deliberately leaked in- 
focmation as part of a polit- 
ical vendette agaiost him. 

The sudden and uneiqiec- 


failed, averted what laobabty 
would have been a difificalt 
trial for die govermnoic of 
Prime Mimster Jean Chret- 
ien, trim is expected to call an 
eleoion dns year. 

Government offidals ao-. 
knowl^ed Mood^ th^ the 
all^ations r^ainst Mr. Mol- 
Tooey could not be substan- 
tiated. The poliri^ in^aa of 
die settlement be limited 
Mr. Molrooey's per- 
sonal uipxqiulaTiw makes it 
nearfy impossible for his 
Omservarive Pa^, or otiaer 
ocppoidrioB parties, to take 
advantage cn the govem- 
meot's missteps. 

Besides, the Chretien gov- 
emnnent Temainspopi^de- 
qnte recent s^iacfcs. xnchi^ 
.mg an embanassnig rablic 
qiology issued by Mr. Chret- 
ien last month becaose he 
said vo^ had misbJcenly 
beUeved he had promised to 
aboU^ a hated sales tax. 

StilL of^iotetioa politi- 
cians aooura the govern- 
moit of having botched die 
Afiiinmey case, and said that' 
leaving opm the investiga- 
tion -was simply a way for 
them to save face. 

Mr. Mabcoey was not in 
the Mbiureal courtroom 
Mtaiday when the sentem^ 
was presented to a Sopetior 
Court justice. One of bis law- 
yos, Genld TjemUay, said 
tint die 57-yeat-old foaaex 
polhical leader “was back at 
to' cany on his hie. ’ ' 

individual wellbeing 

Mr. Tremblay told report- 
ers diat “Mr. Mulro^’s 
name- has been yindicteed 
and diat is tfae only real thiag 
tfasL-he alwam wanted.** 

As part or the settlement, 

die $37J*i^ffi«r^ainf^ 
damages. His lawyere said 
the figure bad been “picked 
out m the ab*’ only to give 
weight to the case, not for any 

Ifis libte sitit aytntf die 
govennneiit was <xie 
ame deqpter in Che bistoiy of 
Mr. Mulroney's dtanuric 
pul^ life He served two 
t ei m s as prime minister, dur- 
ing which be afigoed Canada 
more closely thm ever with 
the Ibuttd States diroagh a 
series of ucqiapalar trade 
a ^ rp jpj nanfg , mlmwigring widl 
tfae Ncxdi American 
Trade Agreement 
Mr. Mulroney left office in 
1993, when his Omservative 
^ffty was $w^ oat of office 
in a lanAJidg dial saw it go 
fimn 295 seats in Pariiament 
to just 2. 

Mr. Mulroney’s civil suit 

AT fifty PLUS' 

*TIook «id fed nodi yoDnger and hm noreaergy, iMCb 

ltd »w««tg11y , ™n I for twenty yeai»-” 

’ SS.egt66 

l«* aadfcdr«"ngn-l»cMiibaiaie«U theeffECTcrfag^ 

wiA aw«M iw^ rnveoatm 

laSMin] WdlB^ tioen t pennul and pr»««a medied 

, •- z.: • . , • 

. *Tl*efteis<rfKtnio«ife ttooneat. . . wcrt 
. ^ wiifiBkAta::.vototmsasyeanp[agang. NewfeigMo 

” j^SfdMcdKiae. 


Justices Widen 
Court’s Power 
To Sentence 

By Linda Greenhouso 

Wgw Ibft Tmwc Servief 

WASHINGTON — The St^neme 
Court mled Monday that federal judges 
imposing sentence on convicted defen- 
dants may — and in many circumstances 
must — take into aconmt not only die 
crimes of which a defendant was con- 
victed but also additional charges of 
which a ju^ foimd him not guil^. 

*The unsigned opinion, joined by sev- 
en justices, held that it violated neitber 
die Federal Sentenemg Guidelines dot 
die Constitution for ajudge to increase a 
sentence based on conduct for which a 
defendant was acquitted. The decision 
^d not so mpgh make sew law as apply, 
for tfae first time, to the fonmila-driveD 
mproach of the Federal Senleacing 

Ci^ lUhhiMnst Hi tfaiii<p>f 

Floodwaters radng through > break in a levee near htoittiaii, Galifm'iiia. 

was based on a 1995 letter 
sent by Caqadian authorities 
tq^wis [vosei^ois asking 
to help in tracing bank ac- 
counts aOegedly held diere 
by Mr. Mummey and his as- 
sociates. The letter, parts of 
which were published in a 
Toroato oewspqier in 
Novrenber 1995, state that in 
exchange for a contract to 
sell 34 commercial jets to dte 
govetnment-owned abUne, 
Air Canada, in 1985, the 
European CrasoEtiiim agreed 
to ki» back mQlions of dol- 
lars that went to die Swiss 
bank accounts of Mr. Mul- 
rooey and two araociates. 

“The mvestigatim is of 
special io^iortaiice to the Ca- ' 
nadian goveromeDt because 
criminal activities carried out 
by the former prime minister 
are involved,” die letter 

Mr. Rock, die jastioe mxn- 
iscer, said the la^uage used 
gave the impression diat die 
Mounties had reached coo- 
cloaons about Mr. Mui- 
roQw's gnilt, which was un- 
justified by to evidence. 

Guidelines, an established legal prin- 
c^e that penmts judges to consi^ a 
broad ran^ of infttfination about a cc»- 
victed persra’s badeground and ghar . 
acter when imposing a sentence. 

Under to senteodog guidelmes, rel- 
evant conduct is often a required con- 
sideiaiioa in deteimimng what is known 
as to offense level; for exanqile, in cases 
of multiple drug sales, to guidelines 
instruct judges to coorider “all acts” 
that were part of to “same course of 
cooduct,” r^aidless of whether each 
separate sale led to a conviction. 

Tbe court said a jud^ could consider 
charges a jury has rejeoed as long as to 
judge believes to government has 
proved the condnet undedying to 
charges by a “preponderance of the ev- 

That is to legal system's lowest stan- 
dard of proof. It is much less rigorous 
than to “b^ond a reasonable doubt’’ 
standaril for to gmlt-umocence deter- 
minatioD in a cptwinai triaL 


Clinton Asks Clergy^s Aid on Social Issues 

WASHINGTON — Reflecting on the spirit of his second term. President 
Bill Clintm asl^ religious letelm Monday to help create a “sense of 
reconciliation” tiiat would help Americans move forward together. 

The p^dent also asked the clergy to support his efforts on welfere and 
immigration reform, “ff we do to ri^t tiiio^ right now, we’U get enough of 
to ri^t answers.” Mr. Clinton said at his annual ecumenical breakfast with 
about 100 clergymen. 

He told to church leaders that America was “mi the cusp” of “turning a lot 
of our social problems around.” But nothing can be done unless Americans put 
aside political, radaL religious and et^c mvisioos, be said. 

“How can we prove in America thte we can all get along, not giving up on 
our basic beliefs but in finding a ^und of mutual respect?” He said tiutt may 
be to most significant question racing to nation. 

Mr. Clinbm urged churches to hire welfare recipients and cai»talize on his 
proposal to give benefit checks to employers who nire from welfare rolls. He 
also asked the clergy to support his OTorts to soften the blow to legal 
immigrants under the new w^are law. 

“But, most of all, I ask for your help in creating a sense of reconciliation — 
to ri^t sort of Hririt in whi^ we can deal widi these issues.'* he srid. (AP) 

Tom Hayden Opens L.A. Mayoralty Bid 

LOS ANGELES — Promising to make Los Angeles more livable by 
empowering neighborhoods and creating jobs for inner-city youths. C’aiifemia 
state Senator Tom Hayden officially tegan his campaign to unseat Mayor 
Richard Riordan in Apnl. 

Introduced by his 2^year-old son. Troy Garity . as a man ‘ ‘with more heart 
and more courage ton anyone I*ve ever met,” die 1960s radical who turned 
government wauhdog vowed Sun^y to bring together the two sides of Los 
Angeles, divided by race and class, which he said are “broken apart like 
tect(»ic plates'* that “erupt every few decades in social earthquakes.” 

In pled^g to unify to city, the S7-year-old Democrat d»cribed one as 
“overdevdo^ and craigested,” and tfae other as “underdeveloped and poor,' * 
ha&i living mi der to “complacent control of an establishment in denial.” 

Bill Calcic, a Riord^ campaign consultant, depicted Mr. Hayden as a 
caieerpolitidan “shoppin^foranewpolitical office” because term limits give 
him oiuy four more years in Sacramento, and as a carpetbagger who just last 
fall moved into Los Angeles — in feet, into Mayor Riordan's Brentwood 
district — from his longtime home in adjacent S^ta Monica. He said the 
mwor Stood ready to defend his first-term record. 

while few political observers believe Mr. Hayden can capture enou^ votes 
to unseat to incumbent, they said he was an id(^ candidate to lob criticism at 
the multiimllioriaiie businessraan-lawyer who was elected as an outsider in 
1993 and has maintained strong approval ratings since. (lAT) 

(^uote /Unquote 

Victor H. Reis,, an assistant secretary for defente programs at to Eneigy 
Department and the architect of a program to prevent to deterioration of to 
U.S. nuclear stockpile: “The nuclear weapms pro g ram was a race with 
Sonets. Now we’re racing with Mother Nature.” (A^) 

Away From Politics 

•The largest sociefy lingiiistics scholars backs to 
Oakland. California, school board's recognition of ebonies, as 
to speech pattern UbecoDiiog known. The Linguistic Society 
of America commended to plan to use ebonies to teach black 
students standard English. The board's reasoning is “not PC, 
it's scientific feet,” said Gregory Ward, a Noithwestem 
Univeisify linguist on to executive committee. (LAT) 

• Louis Farrakhan, tfae Natioo of Islam leader, is back in 

Ubya for to tiiiid time in a year, after earlier meetings with 
the Libyan leader. Moammar GadSu^ led to disputes to 

UB.goveremaxt. Mr. Famkfaanamv^ in Tripoli 00 Sunday, ' 
the Libyan news agency JANA reported. (AP) 

• A 100-year-oId World War I veteran was beaten to death 
at to Vetenms Affeirs Medical Center in Durham. North 
Carolina, by a 77-year-tdd ratient who fiactured his skull with 
a walker, to police said. The patient became angry because 
Gemge Gilbert Beafy Jr. was maldiig too much noise. (AP) 

•A n*»n Stripped to bis underwear and scaled three Stevies 

and landed safely on a giant air bag infiMtwrf \fy police. (AP) 

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Warlords in Abundance, Tajiks Talk Peace but Keep Fightmg 

By Steve LeVine 

TiHtes Servk-e 

TURSUNZADE. Tajikistan — The 
hard thing is keeping track of who’s in 
charge in this dusty aluminum-making 
town, where people talk peace but prefer 
to fight 

There was the mayor who was forced 
from office early l^i year after being 
beat^ up by a bus driver and his gang. 
Then there was the dust-up that undid 
the bus driver, a revolt led by a cabbie 
and his band of Afghan War veterans, 
who burned the strongman's house and 
shot his mother. 

Today, it is not shocking that the 
city’s new overiord — the wiry, glaring 
former cab driver. Kadir Abdtdlayev — 
is a true dove whose primary aim is to 
avoid the fate of his predecessors. 

“Everyone wants to live," he said, 
surrounded by war buddies armed with 
automatic rifies. "'Everyone wants 
peace. We're trying to bring peace as 
quickly as possible.” 

It is the same throughout this former 
Soviet republic, a mountainous country 
that Russia and other slates in the region 

have long cast as the fust line of defense 
a gain st me spread north of militant Is- 
lam from neighboring Afghanistan,' 
where a strict Muslim movement now 
controls most of the country. 

In Tajikistan, there is uUk of peace, 
but little more than that In December, 
President Imomalt Rakhmanov signed a 
cease-fire agreement in Moscow with 
his main opponents, aimed at ending 
four years of civil war. But be did noth- 
ing to 'ulspire confidence in the doc- 
ument when, upon reaching the Tajik 
capital. Dushanbe, his aides invn^- 
ately repudiated it. 

Indeed, local and foreign analysts say 
that even in the unlikely event that Mr. 
Rakhmanov wishes to bring about peace 
arid erode his ah^y tenuous power, he 
probably lacks the influence to do so. 

"You still don’t have a real state 
here," a senior Western diplomat in 
Dushanbe said. "It is a coUecticxi of 
various forces fighting for power." 

Despite the presence of 25,000 Rus- 
sian troops, social order has crumbled 
here as nowhere else in Moscow's 
troubled former empire. The war has 
transformed TajUdstan into a patchwork 

of entrenched, increasingly independent 

Hieir leaders rule over wounded and 
vengeful clans and earn money trading 
in opiun, weapons, cotton and metals, 
diplomats and independent local ana- 
lysts say. 

Now. every important official from 
the pre^iu down seems to be a war- 
lord, or is beholden to one, or both. Their 
smaU armies have become mon? and 
more menacing and unnily. In die conn- 
try’side, diey have be^ to kidnap and 
tlueaten to kill Unitra Nations mUitaiy 
crfjservers. And in Dushanbe, unknown 
assassins roudnely kill Russian soldiers. 

"1 am not proud of being a Tajik 
anymore," said HabibuUah Abduiaza- 
kov, 59, one of Tajikistan’s best-known 
actors and theater directors. Referring to 
the country 's rich Persian cultural leg- 
acy. he added. "I did not expect, after a 
past of such high culture, that just 70 
years of Soviet rule could turn us into 

Some local scholars say tba( Tajiks 
have simply lost their way since Stalin 
dismembered a swath of land including 
their greatest cities — Bukhara and 

Sanunlcaiid — and added it to neigh- 
boring Uzbekistan. .. 

"Imagine France without Pans, said 
a Tajik historian, Kamal Atoyev. "The 
Tajik people lost all their culture, cus- 
toms, literature, ' ' he said. "Compared to 
this, everything else is details.” 

So much has gone awry that most 
diplomats and lo^ schol^ produce 
little more than pooled exjwessions 
when asked who is to blame. 

The fighting here began in the closing 
years of the Soviet Union, when Tajiks 
revolted against a local Co mm u n ist 
leadershii^By the end of 1 992, civil war 
had erupted among regional clans, some 
backed by Moscow and loosely loyal to 
the old order, some seel^ sometl^g 
new and based in Afghanistan. A revivm 
of Islam played a stroog role; 
seeking a new order for Tajildstu in- 
cluded Muslims who used religion to 

unify supporters and then divide them 
from the former Cmniminists who dom- 
inar^ their opponents. 

Since then, more than 30,000 pet^le 
have died, by conservative Western es- 
timates. Yet Mr. Rakhmanov has gained 
little. He controls only a few slices of 

U.S. Lets Food Company 
Export to North Korea 


WASHINGTON — The U.S. Treas- 
ury has given a Minneapolis company 
permission to export 500,000 (ons erf 
food to North Korea, a U.S. official said 
Monday, a week after the Communist 
country apologized for a submarine in- 
cursion into South Korean waters. 

The oETicial, who spoke on condition 
of anonymity, said permission was given 
to CaigUI Inc., one of the world’s largest 
private grain traders, to make the export 
in a barttf transaction with North Korea. 

A Cargill spokeswoman, Laurie John- 
s(xi, declined to say if the company was 
interested in such a baiter deal. She said 
the license to export the food to North 
Korea had been approved Dec. 30 in 
response lo an application submitted by 
Cargill in September to sell North Korea 
up to 2 million tons of grain. 

' ‘We have received a license to export 
up to 500,000 tons of food, consisting of 
wheat and/or rice," Ms. Johnson said. 
"We probably will not have much more 
to say about this, as a courtesy to the 

North Korea last week apologized for 
an incursion in September by one of its 
submarines into South Korean waters, a 
step welcomed b)' the Clinton admin- 
istraiion as a ‘ 'significant development’ ’ 
toward reducing tensions on the Korean 

North Korea also has expressed will- 
ingness to discuss its nuclear fuel pro- 
gram and a framework for regional 
peace talks. The United States has said it 
considers North Korea's nuclear pro- 
gram to be (Mie of the main threats to 
peace in East Asia. Washington has 
jxessured the Communist stare with a 
trade embargo and other methods to 
open its nuclw facilities to inspection. 

The official North Korean press 
agency, KCNA, said Dec. 30 that the 
United States pledged to ease tiie 
trade embargo against North Korea. 

After two years of flooding. North 
Korea has sunered frran fomine. which 
the United States tried to help alleviate in 
February by giving $2 million. 

■ Ensuring Safe Nuclear Storage 

U.S. experts this week will resume 
encasing Nc^ Korea’s 8.000 spent nu- 
clear fuel rods in steel and concrete for 
safe storage. South Korean officials said 
Monday, according to a reTOrt by The 
Associated Press fr^ SeouL 

They also said South Korea would 
sign a contract in New York on Wed- 
nesday to build two reactors for North 
Korea that will replace a reactor cajf^le 
of producing weapons-grade plutonium. 
'The new reactors will produce far less 
plutonium. North Korea's apology last 
week cleared the way for the sijSTiuig. 

SebMB d*So«HM|cace 

BOMBAY PROTEST — Strikers in Bombay marching past a bus whose window they shattered widi 
stones Monday. Transport services in the cify were crippled as workers pressed demands for more pay. 

JAPAN: Enraged at Corruption, Japanese Citisens Lash Out 

Prisoners Will Be Executed 
KRaids Go On, Taleban Warns 


KABUL — A senior Taleban official 
has threatened to begiD hanging some 
prisoners if attacks on Kabul by the 
opposition alliance are repeated. 

"We have arrested some people on 
charges of terrorism in the past, and if 
yesterday's incident is repealed in the 
future, we will have to hang those who 
are already in our custody as an example 
to others." Mullah KhairuUah fUairicb- 
wa. the Taleban governor of Kabul 
Province, said Monday. 

An air raid Sunday hit Kabul's north- 
eastern residential suburb of Wazir Ak- 
bar Khan, killing four people and 
wounding 15. 

The attack destroyed three houses, 
including the office of the United Na- 
tions World Health Organization, and 
collapsed part of the perimeter wall of 
the U.S. Embassy. 

The mullah said the air raid had been 
carried out by jets belonging to General 
Abdul Rashid Dustam. leader of an op- 
position militia, in reply to losses his 

forces sustained on the front line north 
of Kabul 10 days ago. 

"It was a deliberate and indiscrim- 
inate act by Dustam as a result of his 
defeat in Qar^ Bagh," the mullah s^d. 
Qarah Ba^ is about 40 kiloinerers (25 
miles) north of Kabul. 

After a lull of more than a month, 
there have been several air raids on 
Kabul since Dec. 28, when Talebw 
launched an offensive north of Kabul 
and forced the opposition back. 

'Die mullah ^so accused the oppo- 
sition of cany ing out a bombing Sun^y 
in a crowded vegetable maiket in Kabul. 
Four people are said to have died in the 
blast, and traders in the market said 
Monday that 37 were wounded. Local 
hospitals said they had admitted 25 
perale hurt in the explosion. 

Inere have been no claims of re- 
sponsibility for the blast and no com- 
ment from the opf»siiion forces lo^ to 
the ousted govenunent of President 
Burhanuddin Rabbani and their ally. 
General Dustam. 

Continued from Page 1 

cover-ups. A recent Mainichi newspaper 
poll found that only 10 percent of le- 
spondents thought government bureau- 
crats sought to nilfiO the public good. 

An investigation by the Yomiuri 
newspaper found that officials in 20 of 
the 4*7 prefectural governments in Japan 
squandered more man SI 23 million last 
year on officials entertaining mher of- 
ficials. fabricating or padding business 
trips or hiring bogus staff. Three gov- 
ernors resigned or promised to quit over 
the ch^es. and ^>out 13.000 officials 
were disciplined, the newspaper said. 

Nine prefectures have forced officials 
to return money. Last month, more than 
2300 current and former Tokyo city 
employees, including a former gov- 
ernor, paid back the more than mil- 
lion they had spent This was the case 
that prompted the mail-order harassment 
of the city budget official 

On Christmas Day, the mayor of 
Nagoya and other city officials were 
ordered to repay more Aan S9 million of 
taxpayer money they squandered; the 
mayor of Toyohashi was given a two- 
year suspend^ prison lenn for taking 
bribes, and Nobuharu Okamitsu, the 
fonner top bureaucrat in the Health Min- 
istty, was indicted for accepting bribes. 

Corruption amtxig politicians and 
reaucrats in Jaj^ is not new, but the 
public's aggressive response is. People 
once accepted government greed and 
graft with a shrug of resignation. J^»n 
has always had a shortage of advocates to 
consumers and taxpayers. But now. with a 

leaner national ecemomy and tighter per- 
sonal budgets, an enei^zed public is de- 

' Bi a of dvfc aenvi^ ftii: 
Ajsdii Evening NeWhas described as 
' *a milestone in die history of local ^v- 
emment," citizens' groups have ffied 
lawsuits all over the countiy demanding 
the retuni of squandered fiiods. 

in one case in Niigata Prefecture, four 
local bureaucrats spmt about $9,000 on 
an evening's entertainment for nine na- 
tiiMial government officials. Local of- 
ficials traditioDally lavish entertainraeot 
on natiCMial officials who dole out money 
for public works and other local projects. 
Even $1,000 per person for dinner ap- 
parently semied acceptable to the rii- 
reauciats — until the public spodight 
was turned on. 

A similar citizens’ investi|^oa in 
November brought down Kikuji Sasaki, 
the govemorof Mita Prefecture in nordi- 
em Japan, who aimounced his resigna- 
tion after revelations that more than ^ 
million in taxpayer money was wasted. 

Masaru Sato, head of the group that 
sued in Niigata Prefecture, said that 
people were fed up with bureaucrats 
spending millions on enter tainm ent 

"Arrogance is part of it.” Mr. Sato 
said. "'Iheir mentality is that even 
though there is a red li g ht , if we all cross 
the street as a group there is nothing tc be 
scared of." 

Tbe public outcry over bureaucratic 
conuption has reached Prime Minister 
Ryutaro Hashimoto, who called tbe re- 
cent spate of scand^ "shameful" and 
issued a rare scolding of government 

workers in November. As a result, the 
national and loc^ governments are 
^passing tougher e:q)eiise-ac^>;Kjnt^regu- 
'lationS as well as freedom of iotomatibin 
laws to allow taxpayers greater access n> 
bureaucrats' ^lending records. 

But the buieaucr^ diemselves are 
begging for understanding. 

Japane% culture is built on personal 
rekuuHiships. and those ties are lubric- 
ated with liquor and food. Japmese cor- 
poratioos i^ent about $48 billion last 
year cm food, drink, golf club mem- 
berships and other expenses, acconting 
to figures released 1^ mesith by the 
Nationrd Tax Ariminigtratinn . Bufeau- 
crats say it would be unfair, even if 
possible, to exclude them sudd^y from 
Jtman’s expei^-accoant culture. 

^‘I think it is outrageous to have gov- 
ernment officials hosting dinners in- 
volviiig geishas,” said a high-rankixtg 
bureaucrat wdio asked not to be iden- 
tified. "But to deprive them of the ini- 
tiative of hosting some eating and drink- 
ing occasions wi thin the limity of 
common sense, I think diat is wrong.” 

Bureaucrats generally earn less ttw n 
their peers in private industiy, even 
thou^ they may have bad to more dis- 
tiitgiushed aradonic tockgrounds. Evra 
the highest-ranking employees geuerally 
live in modest ^vemment-ows^ hous- 
ing. This imbalance causes resentmeot 
among some bureaucrats, who say Aey 
feel their elite status entitles tiiem to 
a decent expense accounL 

For Mr. Sato, the citizen activist, the 
bureaucrats' lament is lame. He said. 
"It's like they want to justify stealmg." 


KOREA: Seoul Digs In as Unrest Grows 

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Samoa, fnaod!/. eleganL sftrac&vA 
carda Dey S regU (*<43 1) swam 

CoQtinaed firom P^e 1 

against the labor leaders to disrupting 
business, a move which could aim le^ 
to arrests. 

Prosecutors have threatened to arrest 
labor leaders, a tactic die government 
in the past to quell striii^. But 
this time, die government seems to be 
procee^g cautiously, in part tecause 
the strikers are thou^t to enjoy some 
support from the general public. 

^^y South Koreans are upset, if not 
with the new laws themselves thm with 
the way tbe governing party met secredy 
at 6 A.M., with no opposition party 
members present, to the laws in 
seven minutes. 

Tbe tactic was necessary, the ruling 
party said, because opposition parties 
had been physically blocking the Na- 
tional Assembly from meeting. 

Tbe strikers on Monday for the first 
time included a few thousand repre- 
sentatives of insurance and other finan- 
cid services companies, according to 
Kim You Son, chief of policy for the 
labor federation. 

He said that the walkout was expected 
to grow lo ^0,000 worirers Tuesday as 
some hospital and broadcasting com- 
pany workers join. However. Seoul sub- 
way workers and public telephone com- 
pany workers will not strike, as they did 
late last month. The unioi feajes that 
(frsniprion of the subway and phCHie sys- 
tem would tum die public against the 

While the number of strikos seems to 
be close to die pre-New Year peak le- 

gistered ^ the confederation, the overall 
number is still lower than it was before 
the holiday. 

That is because anodser labor iim - 
breUa group, the Korean Fedearation of 
Trade Unions, whidi has 1.2 milli on 
members and is regarded as a "tame" 
union that is authenized by the gov- 
ernment, has not gone back on strike, 
saying it would wait unti! Sund^. 

The Labor Nfinistiy. meanwhile, put 
the number of strikers Monday at 65,000 
repiesenting only 59 companies, and 
said the strike was staztiiig to die down. 
Some corporate officials ggt'e ed. 

At Hyun^ Motor Co., tbe largest 
Korean automaker, partial production 
Started Monday for the first time since 
the strike began. 

”We h(^ that it will settle down 
sooner or later, from tomorrow or the 
day after,” said Choi Han Young, a 
spokesman for tbe company. 

"This is not a diqnite between labor 
and management,’' he said. "It's a re- 
luctant strike, kind of a political de- 

He said dial while the strike has cost die 

company production of 5,400 cats a dtty, 
it is a small tinpad compared to die twtv 
to three-month work stoppa^ die amo- 
maker has often ejmerioicedm die past 

Between 10,000 and 20,000 wokera 
and student sympatiuz^ ralli^ iii 
bone-chilling tempera&ires in. a Seoul 
paik Monday calling for Mr. Kim's 
ouster and ^ repeal of die new le- 
^lation. The^ dim marched throogh 
tile streets. Riot police looted on, but 
there were no clashes. 


0 Km iga. 




this country of S million people, which 
also holders on China, and Glares even 
the capiral with his opjMMeots. 

With such a weak president, tbe nation 
is flush not only with rebel commanders 
who do as they please, but also with 
ostensible government officers who ig- 
nore the central govenunent, which lacks 
the power to di^ipline the wayward. 

A string of attacks against tbe 45 UN 
miiitaiy observers here, who are de- 
ployed at an annual cost ^$6.9 million, 
has gone unpunished. 

On Dec. 4, a convoy of military ob- 
servers was sotTOunded by tbe Pres- 
idential Guard, US Idlometers (70 
miles) east of Dushanbe. Guard officers 
lined up the observeis to execution, and 
refrained from shooting only whM their 
. soldiers ioterven^ A sizzslar in- 
cident occuned a week later. 

Id a diird incident, on Dec. 20, seven 
monitois were abducted. The captor, a 
former opposition commander who is 
now supposedly with the govetnmmt, 
riiwMiTP!fiwi to kill the monitors and'det- 
onfifp-- 30 berabs near Dushanbe unless a 
demilitarized corridor was created so 
that some of his men stranded in ooith- 


^^^-^•Mp b co w o~ite~8 

-M^ukraine nussiA^-u,. 





em Afghanistan could return home. 

Ihe following day, the U nited Na- 
tions went along with Mr. Rakhmanov'' s 
decision to yield. The government sent 
helicopters to fly the men from Afghan- 
istan to Faizabad. The monitors were 
released, but some foreigners fear that 
every rogue fighter in die mountains has 
now learned the v^ue of Iddnqjping. » 

B R I E F L Y /I S A 

India to Cooperate ; 
With Bangladesh 

DHAKA, BanglacM — ' 
Bangladesh and India will cotmer-; 
ate in fighting insurgents near meir 
bord^ a Baogtoleshi Foreign 
Ministiy official smd Monday. 

Prime Minister H.D. Deve- 
(jowda of India, the first toiim 
p ritnft minister to visit Dhaka in* 
more than 20 years, said later] 
Monday that combating guenillasl 
was a fKessing priority to his gov- 
ernment, and tiiat he sought 
Banglad^'s support. 

Mr. Deve Goi^ made the re- 
marks at a dinner in Dhaka given by.' 
Prime Minister Harina Wazed 
HangiaHaah Sbttkh Hasfaia said 
Dhaka aoaefaed "high prtoity to; ii 
foster frtoidly and cooperative re--'^ 
lations” with In^ and otiier nei^-' 

India has long faced proUems in 
its northeast, which borders’ 
Bangladesh, Burma and Qiina. If. 
has often alleged tiiat Indian in- 
surgents use Banglade^ territory 
for shelter and training. (Reuters) 

Storm Keeps Japan 
From Oil Cleamip 

TOKYO — Stiraig winds and 6- 
merer4iigb waves prevented Jap- 
anese sH^ Monday froin reaching 
an oil that tii^ are trying to 
clean op before it pollutes coa^ 
fishing grounds. ; 

The eastern tip of die spnj from a 
sunken Rnssiaa tanker was about 2Z 
ItiloiniiKera from tbe city Fukui late 
Monday, Japan's Coast Guard said, 
and was moving toward shore. 

The tanker Nakhodka, bound for 
Russia'sKamchatfcaPeninsula, was 
carrying ^)Out 5 millioa gaUons of 
fiiei oQ when it broke in two 
Thursday in die Sea of Japan, lS(j 
kiloineieis off Japan's western 
coasL Tbe cr^Ksto of the Russiair 
tanker was missing. Tbe otiier 31 
crewmembers were rescued. (AP} 

Hong Kong Official. 
Urges a Free P^ess . 

HpNG KONG — Hong Kong's. 
t <9 civil servant, Anson Qun, urged 
the tezdtoty's media Monday to up^ 
bold jness freedom after Cium take^ 
ccmtxolonJuly 1. 

At a me^ convention, the chi ^f 
secretary pled^ that tire goveni- 
ment would do its part by protecting 
press freedom after the handwee. i! 

"I urge you all tiier^ore topzac- 
tice your profession 1997 as 
you have always practi^ it -r 
costinue to write the dories, and 
editorials that deserve to be written,' 
responsibly, objectively bia witiioot 
fear or favor," said Mrs. Chan, vrim 
will remain in her position after the 
handover. (Reuters), 4^ 

Pakistan Gives Role 
As Adviser to Am^' 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pres- 
ident Farooq Leghari a de- 
. cree Mmiday givmg the heads of tiie- 
amed fbrees a frxmal advisory role 

in govermnent aftairs, widi less ti^ 

a month remaiiiing until natifttigi 

The govemmeot said the moi« 
did not give the military a forouti 
share in power, saying the council 
would not undercut Parliament but 
only "give mature advice." 

‘Tt IS no supraconstitution, no 
supracabinet and no supragovem£ 
ment body," a spekesman said. 


For the Record 

John Paul n has ordained a 
second to East ’Timor in 
ladonesia. Monsignor Basilio do 
Nasdffleaib, former assistant to die 
1996 Nobel peace prize trinner^ 
Bish^ Cados Xiinenes Belo, b&^ 
comes die bishop of the newly ere- ( 
afed Btuicau diocese. (AFP) 

Australians hnvie handed in 
more than 250, (XX) bann^ fijeaims 
under a buyback scheme b^un 
after die Port Aiiliur massacre in 

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:'^At Best, a Creaky Start 

> Oonor Nations to Jfkigh More Funding 

'fi tuf 

By Richard W. Stevenson 

. Net w Tork Bam Seniu ■ ■. 

WASHINGTON'— A year afiiesr die 
■ United States and other donois pledged 
; neariy $2 InllioD U) iebuiM Bostmi, moft 
< of the country lemains in tatters, ia> 

I tematio^ aid otganizadoDS anrf friin - 
I ton' administraiiai say. 

I!.. But as tte World Bank imd tte Eutb- 
.pean Uni on, which, are overseeing ihe 
lebudldiog effort, ptim ar e to ask. coun- 
tries tius week for $f A bUlicsi to keep 
..the work gcang ior another yw, diey. 

, say that die process 50 iarhiB'gotie as. 

•,;wen as can he eitpected and fliat~B6s- 
. nians should see het^ living condBtions 
Jshis year. 

s The Eunqieaa Union, the Uoited 
^JStates; dozens (tf otter comdries and aid 
groups {hedged $1 .S Ulficxi last yearto a 
jHojected four-year, $5.1 l^onplmto. 
get Bosnia's economy working, rqiatr 
M^he worst of die war damage and set up a 
government Twondiirds <rftbe$1.81nl- 
^on has been spent or soon nill be; the 
; rest is ejpet^ed to be used diis year. • 
involved in die «s(t( W 

, ' ! <MlidaIs involved in the efi^ said 

lifilurhtJ ■ 7 omsideiable progre ss had been 
I made in devdoping pro g rams to fix 
: roads, brii^eg and hniHring ,. afi<t ttat ttf*. 

! decimal ecoixmiy was twiichmg hack 
■ ' . I to life. But th^ admowledged that the 
w*7 ; progress had ody partly filtoeddirougb 
I to most Bosinai^ eqiedally those 
■ i had been forced freun feeir fiosnes ^ 
' I nowbadnohousesorjotetOTMumto. 

Unes^oyment is esrimflMrft the 
" >, ! World Bank to be 30 percent to 60 
‘ ‘ .. I perceoL Many bouses stul do not have 

,.v.:r;T. \ beat Most of die bi«est industries ^ 

: dormant, the centr^bank is not yet 
.. ' I ofieradng arid officials have 

. ; skills in Trt»nagmg ft mattmf econoiny. 

leconstrucQOQ w(^ under way is 
.7.' ' cmly a fraction of what is needed. "De- 
. . ; spitt tte first results that axe now be- 

" ; gumtng to emerge the leconsmrcdon 

t' ' Aoeeds remam vast," says a repeat pre- 
T^pean Uttkm for a two-di^ meeting of 
~ • doiiors diat starts Thucstk^ in Brussels. 

"Indiistrial production is stiU oofy at 
" I 10 to 15 petc^ of its pr e war level, 
unempk^matis unbearably hi^ bon- 
; dtedsofthousands of people are wittout 
■ permanent bonsme and many comniD- 
‘ - nines cootinne to bek basic sodal ser- 

I vices," ^itsort says, 

1 I Since fis^mxm ended in 1995, U.S. 
‘f7^ h^l'pSJu andEuT(^ieano!niC3alsliave.saidalast- 
. , j J’t , feg peace would be posribfe m Bosnia 
"• f f'i f /riiJ^i • only if econooiic a^ aodal aabOity 
; coiiM be restored qnidkfy. Wien 

announced taro montts U.S. 

poops jwouZd remain .m Bosnia ttmiigh 
die middle of next year. President Bill 
Clinton cited the oe^ to see more-eco' 

panic progr^ as a main reastm to his 

Des|nte grumblmg from the United 
Stales and other countries about tte 
pace of the reh niMing effinrt, U.S. and 

beable to reach tte target of SlA-UUiai 
in international donations fer 1997. 

‘ But di^ Kud that most couifines 
would be less willing to contribute in 
futoxe years and ibat' it was uodear ■ 
y/bditiu die foonedy warring parties in 
Bosnia would be able to centinne tte 
process effective^ 4m their ov« as in- 
ternational aid driMi^ 

fetemational officials remain dis- 
. mayed by tte squabblmg amoim the 
Bosnian Muslims, Croats and &xbs, 
wbich delayed the formation of a gov- 
ernment by several months last year.i^ 
led .to dis^reemeats over specific pro- 

Plans to patch iq> tte phone system 
stalled beca^ of die nnwillingaess of 
the etfa^ groups to share control or 
even to agree on a angle jnmm a rifwmi 
. dialiiig code fox telepbone calls. Iberal 
line between Sarajevo and ^ Adriatic 
fast of noce was i CT ah ed, bm dis- 
i^reements between Muslim and Croa- 
1^ officials kept legolar service fixim 

CMtc^ said, however, that m gen- 
exal tte work was proceedmg as faa as 
could be eiqiected, given ^ ooinplex- 
ities of formulating plans to rraaOd, 
eporttnating tte efi<^ of tte many 
docum and creating almost from scratch 
dte inistitutioDS necessary to support a 
market eermomy. 

"ft's a ixooeas bodi of having to 
reform Uto’s sodalism and undertake 
dtephyrical reconstruction of a dedin- 
ateddace," said a senior U.S. official 
iovdved in tte process. "It’shihetentiy 

Mtfimh mit yll being n^yVif taken ft 

a time when tbe three parties are not 

UlS. ftwrt odter int>!miiti final nffiriala 
said the current foiff-year rid prog r am 
would be tmly ^ start at a long and 
slow process. Tte $5.1 billiai diat 
donor coannies plan to spend would 
cover only ODC-quarter of tte estimated 
war daonmes. Am cdfidals at die World 
Bank and tte biteniatiaDal Monetary 
Fund said dot even if all went smoodily 
in tte next few years, they would cjqiect 
per cqpia income to v»di o^y two- 
tfairds of its prewar levels 2000. 

An abandoned car bornnig in Belfast alter being nsed Monday in tbe IRA rocket attack. 

IRA Fires Rocket at Courthouse 

Guerrillas Jfbm of More After Belfast Attack JPbunds2 

By Ired Baxbasb 


LONDON — Tte Irish Re- 
publican Army attarked a court- 
bonse in Belfaa on Monday , om- 
titnung an accelerated camprign 
of vkdence that has pm tte au- 
titorhies diroogbout Britain on a 
hid state of alert and all but 
otuiteraied hopes for a reoearod 
truce m tte Nathan freiaod coii- 

The latest assanl^ wfaidi 
sligbdy wounded a police guard 
Old a passer-t^, was a rod^ 
ifliineiMvi braaoriy at midday 
from a car dxivuigpest tte Nmtt- 
em belaud Court 

Tte police said the rocket hit a 
aecuri^ buildi^ g n arrirng tte 
courttanse, shanBting a window 
and hurling a pedestrian to tte 
gxoiiDd. Tte guard inride 
suffered iitiuties to his jarri n n Tm , 
avriding more serious harm be- 
canse he saw tte man prepare to 
fire and dr opped to the fkm. 

Tte IRA immediatEly clainied 
re^xmsibility, and threatened 
more to come. 

The t e c r orisi organizatioo, 
uttich has wa^ed a Imig war to 
ezxl British junsdictioto over tte 
province, hu attempt at least 
seven bombings or assassina- 
tions in tte last month, all but two 
of wUch have been thwarted by 
securi^ forces. 

Anti-terrorist officials believe 
that tte IRA is trying to provoke a 
violent response fiom its unionist 
counterparts, the Protestant ter- 
rorist groups who, unlike tte 
IRA, have ctmtinu^ an official 

Ite ZRA, drawn primarily 
fromNottem l^and's miixmty 
Catholic community, ended its 
truce last February when it 
bombed tte Docklands office 
and apartment development in 
Loodoi^ IriUmg two people and 
woundmg dozens. 

A unionist response could re- 
mni Norttem Ireland to the sec- 
tarian warfare that claimed 3,000 
Uves between 1969 and 1994. 

It is unclear just what tte IRA, 
or its political wing, Sinn Riin, 
hope h) gain by a return to those 

Tbe one nearly certain out- 
come of a unionist response in 
kind would be a fiinber under- 
mining of tte multiparty ta!l« 
underway in BeJfest, led a 
fonner U.S. Senate majority 
leader, George MitcheU. 

Sinn Fein has been excluded 
from those talks because of IRA 
violence. Comparable parties 
close to Protestant paraimlitary 
groups, called "loyalist" be- 
cause they wish to remain part of 
tbe Unit^ Kingdom, have been 
included because of their arfeer- 
ence to tte cease-fire. 

The deteriocating climate in 
Norihem Ireland has also seri- 
ously damaged the relationttip 
between the province’s two na- 
tionalist political parties: Siim 
Fkin, heated ^ Gerry Adams, 
and the Social Democratic and 
Labour Pi^, led by John Hume. 

Sinn Pern has turned down Mr. 
Hume’s conditions for an alU- 
ance in the coming British gen- 
eral elections: an end to the vi- 
olence and a willingness by Sinn 
Feio to occupy any seats it won in 
tte House of Commons. 

Panel Chief Blames 
Police for Deaths 
In Belgian Sex Case 

Cim fa /a J bjfOir SufFrem Di^ufhrt 

BRUSSELS — The lives of four Belgian girls who 
died in tbe hands of a pedophile ring could teve been 
saved if police investigations had been more efficient, tbe 
chairman of a parliament^ commission said Monday. 

It was "neariy a certainty" ttat the giris “could still 
have been alive," Marc Verwilgben told the Belgian 
daily Het Nieuwsblad. He added that be wondered wheth- 
er the investigators were "incompetent, unwilling or 
were ttey prevented from doing tteu'job." 

Tte all-par^ commission headed Mr. Verwiighen 
resumed hearings Monday after a two-week break. 

The commission has been questioning the police and 
judicial official for two months. During the hirings late 
last the police and court investigators often gave 
confiictiQg statements about the way the probe had been 
handled. The commission is exp^ed to publish its 
conclusions next month. 

Asked by tte ztewspaper whether a better investigation 
could have pointed earlier to Marc E^troux, the main 
susp^in the pedemhile ring. Mr. Verwiighen said, “I am 
convince of thaL^’ 

Newroapers have hinted at officials* incompetence and 
even coUusion obstructing the search while four of the 
captives were still alive. 

W. Dutroux was arrested in August, and is accused of 
kidnapping at least six girls aged 8 to 1 9. The police are 
looking for a dozen more missing children. 

In a case that has gripp^ tte nation, outrage has 
steadily shifted toward the police and the judicial system 
that allowed Mr. Dutroux, a convicted child rapist, to go 
free 00 parole after having served only half his sen- 

After his anest, the police searched Mr. Dutroux's 
hous^ but failed to find two $-year-oId girls hidden there, 
de^ite bearing cries of chiJdrro. Tte ^s. locked in tte 
basement, later starved to deatt. 

Moreover, rival police units and magistrates did not 
sh^ vital clues that, when combined, could have linked 
Mr. Dutroux to the kidnappings. 

Adding to public unease, two police officers have been 
charg^ with cooperating with Mr. Dutroux or his ac- 
complices in car-meft and diug-tiafficldng rings. 

Mr. Verwiighen, tte parliamentary commission chair- 
man, said ttat with ail the information about Mr. Dutroux 
and tte disappearance of children, it was “almost un- 
imamnable that the case took tbe course it has.** 

“Was it because they did not know how to solve it?" 
Mr. Verwiighen added, referring to the investigators. 
“Was it because they did not want to, or was it because 
they were not allowed to? None of these options is 

Belgians were outraged at allegations of high-level 
protection for Mr. Dutroux and of cover-up attempts. In 
October, they staged one of the biggest demonstrations in 
Belgian history: more than a quarter of a million people 
came out in defense of the parents of missing and 
ramdered children to demand that tte truth of the case be 

The so-called White March and disillusionment vritt 
the political establishment has led to suggestions ttat tte 
parents create a **White Pai^" to contest electioas. 

(Reuters. AP) 

, : Huge Rally 

- InBelgrade 

. ' • AgeueefivHee-Presx 

* . .. .y • ■ . BELGRADE ^ About 

: 100,000 oppoatkn stqipM- 
- ers marcted tfaroug^ 

' "w • grate OOL Mood^, as student 
. ; Teadexsdaimedtb^hadwcni 

' ; • guarantees- from anhy com- 

J , maiidexB ifttf ttey would not 

Tbe students vrilo met the 
Yugoslav Army diiesr, Gen- 
. . ; erolMoiziciloPeririCySaidlie 

' 1'" ilo ' bad promised that his troops 

r IrrC'l^' ; would notmtervene to put aa 
' ' ' , I end to the seven-wedc wave 

1='' ! of street ixotests. 

Bnt tte students, failed to 

- ! get tte police to lift a ban cm 
. I tte protests.' 

. Tte repocted anny pledge 
' came as the cxMlitioa op- 

- ■ . position pariies and stndeote 

■ ' packed a huge late 

, . i Monefaq^ — . the eve of the 

' OittodoxCfarisnsas— inite 
. r. ' I 4^ strain diw of protests 
I agaiiBt ^ imnulmem of op- 
^ ; positiem >dctories m hx^ 

'• ■ I elections. . 

DemoDStcatocs made tiieir 
■ way to Saint Sava Caitedral, 
. / ^ with riot police conspiCT- 
; 'c b^y abaenL Tbe opposmon 
p decided to tom tte pco^'m- 
i • to a religions -proeessioo to 

; circumvent the police ban on 

Gemum Party Seeks 
End poSoUdlar^ Tax 

BCHW -^'detmany’s Ree Democrats, 
incre^ln|jty a loose in Chancellor 

BidnimKail’s aij vexn m g aframed 

coaKtioo ties ooMoaday by temandnm tte 
atelitiao by 2000 of a leried to xeranld 

FajUfum fi fi ji n j iiw 

The Roe Danocrafo Patty leada, 
Wol^aim GediaidL ttdd ddegata to a cou- 
fenaoem Stnogart tfaa sor m p i ng tte so- 
called so^daiSy surdnse "has beemne a 
synttd of whoher tte state wiD cut the tax 
butdea on dtizeosaod boanesses." 

CaUg for tte suidiai:^ te be aboUidied 
have angoed dte two C&istian Democratic 
parties in hft.Kcttl’s 14;;^^earcoalitioq.Tte 
dem^ comes afta a mspute was fetded 

fe ' marches, wfaidi has been in 
^ ! ignored, amce Dec. 

... ■ 25. 

before Christmas te i^ieap^ to a 2 fpouu 
cut in tte tax, to 5.5 percent, m 1998. 


Shevardnadze Sends 
Condolences to Z7.5. 

TBILISI, Georgia — Presideot Ediurd 
Shevardnadze sent condolecces Monday to 
ttftfimiil yofaB American teenagerkflled in 
a cm iesasb m WariiuigtoD invitiving a Geoir- 
. gteidiidomai, 

Mr. Sievardnadze's press service also 
^1 4^ Geor^ was pr^i ai ed to cooperate 
witt UBii auttorities investigating the ac- 
cident, that the (fiplomat-would be held 
TBynngible "in accmdancc with U.S. 
Hams," tte JTAR-Tbss piess agency 

' Jovimme Wahrick, 16, was killed in a 
p ffnity«tr accident in Waritingmi on Riday 
. night, and tile police have s^ ttey believe 
‘excesrive ipeedaod alcdud were factors. 

Tte pedioe sad a car driven ^ Goeomn 
MaldianKlze, tte dfdooiat. q»d i^ 
ciitfe andcratted info tte rear of anodia car. 
*Itae seoQiid car smled tfarouftt ^ atf 4nd 
landed 00 top a ttnd vdncle. hfiss Wal- 
iridc, a front-seat passenger iu die ttiid car, 
was killed, (AP) 

TMirkey Holds Suspect 
In Terrorist Slaying 

ANKARA — A suspected leftist terrmist 
soo^ in tte Idllxiig of a Tbririah busi- 
nessman turned twwyp jf m to tte Tteidsh 
Embassy in Syria, friteriar hGnister ]^toal 
Akseoer said bfonday. 

On Sunday, Foreigp Minister Tansu 
CillCT said that tte manTMastafri Duyar, had 
been c^icnced. It was not immedteefy dear 
why tte first annouoceineot had spoken of 
captoie instead of aaesL 

Mr. Dvyar was wanted fix tte kOlmg of 
Ozdemir saband, bratta ai tte country’s 
secoid-xidiBSt indnstrial t)^oon and a 
promxDeot bnsinessDum in bis own rig^ 
&fr. Sabaod was muzdeied a year ^o inhis 
Istanbul office along witt aot^ia leading 
conqiany official and his secretary. (AP) 

UiS. Critichses Cyprus 

WASHINGTON — The United States 
on Moiday sfaai{dy criticized Cyprus far 
agredng to buy Rnsaan anti-ancraft mis- 
roes, saying that such arms would introduce 
a destamHzing element on the divided is- 
land and undaxmoe efforts to re-establish 
pteace be tw e en Greek and Tnrirish Cyp- 

"The United States regrets ttiis step," 
said tiw State Department spdeesman, 
Nkbolas Bums. He said it wo^ “com- 
I^cate efforts to achieve a lasting peace in 
Cyprus." (ketaers) 

Forma President Contests 
Mada^iscar Voting Results 


• ANTANANARIVO,- Madagascar — Albert ZaSy, tte 
fonna pierideot of Madteascar, on Mondry contested elec- 
tioD lesitts that gave IHdur Ratsiraka, the island’s foma 
nulhary nda, an. unbessable lead in tte race for tbe pres- 
idency. . .j_. , 

' According to results fiom die Ihtenar Affinisby, Adnw 
Rrtrintta bad 50,^ peroeot of the vote cooroaied with Mr. 
Zaiy’s49,48^peiGe9at. ieavmgtiie fiO-year-old feDDerxnilitaiy 
nila 32IU0 voes ahead. 

About 30;0Q0 votes remain to be ccamted. 

Mr. 2a£y at a' news conference tint he deman de d a 

teewiiu of TTimlfr fiom the Dec. 29 second-round nmon, 
saying Mmistiy offirials were allied witt 

Adnanal Ratsinlca's party. . j,. 

He lyyjl proo f diat rti#> vptK ennnting was ngged hm 

(fid not want all xesultis caneded, only ttosettM were issued 
^AeNatMttslElBctoialGDfBiiiittee since D^ 31. _ 

Ihe final xeaihs.wOlprobtt^ be announced Wetfaiesaay, but 
die High Coostiuttoiiiai Ojori-mnst af^sove tte results. 

‘ Mr.^iy's s u ppoitm booed jounw^ at tte news con- 
fereoro 'wtea^tedliQstileqtiesoooSj . . .» 

I^. wedc Mt. Zafe.'s suppqrteis accused officii w nu' 
piiiatww ffsubs m fevex of the retired adinital, a fMina 



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. ■ 1 • 

Yeltsin, 111, Reduces His Schedule 

President Told 

Ageoee Pmiee-PmK 

President Yeltsin inviting his top ministers to take their seats Monday at 
a Kremlin meeting convened to discuss Moscow’s relations with NATO. 

TRADE; (7.5. Watches From the Sidelines 

Continued from Page 1 

In Central America and the Carib- 
bean. a similar process is under way, 
driven largely by the Clinton admin- 
istrauon's failure to keep its promise to 
extend to regions the benefits en- 
joyed by Mexico and Canada, Wash- 
ington's partners in the North American 
Free Trade Agreement. 

As a result of Washin|[t<Mi’s inaction, 
the regional groups to which those small 
countries belong are now seeking agree- 
ments of their own with Canada and 
Mexico, as well as with Mercosur, the 
European Union and East Asia. 

Even a cursory glance at trade rigur» 
reveals that Wa^ington's economic 
stake in Latin American and the Carib- 
bean, the fastest-growing market for 
American exports, is enormous. U.S. 
trade within the Western Hemisphere is 
not only much larger than trade with 
Europe or Asia, but consistently re- 
gisters a surplus that helps offset large 
deficits elsewhere. 

An American trade official who deals 
with Latin America said the Clinttxi 
administration viewed the spread of re- 
gional agreements that excluded Wash- 
mgton not as a challenge to American 
leadership but as something that ‘ ‘can be 
very helpful to the Free Trade Area of 
the Americas process/' 

When Ladn American nations link up 
araon^ themselves, he added, “it makes 
it easier for them to go the last step,” 
when the dme comes to deal with the 
United States. 

“Frankly.'' the official condoued, 
“we would be doing that ourselves if we 
had the authority. We are not as far along 
in the process as we would like to have 

Chile, which has emerged from mil- 
itary dictatorship to have the fastest- 
growing economy in Latin America, 
provides periiaps the best example of 
U.S. disengagement and the renting 
shifts in economic strategy. 

At the 1994 Summit of the Americas 
meeting in Mi^j, the leaders of the 
three NAFTA countries announced 
plans to expand their group to include 
Chile through a “fast track” process, 
with that country’s president. Eduardo 
Erei, looking on. 

“We have been the Three Amigos,'’ 
Prime Minister Jean Chretien of Cana^ 
proclaimed. “Now we will be the Four 

But a week later, the Mexican peso 
collapsed. That forced the United States 
into a controversial bailout of its 
NAFTA partner and made fast-track 
membership for Chile politically unpal- 
atable. Then the American election cycle 
began, killing any chance for bold mea- 
sures on trade. 

In response to what it perceived as 
America’s lack of interest, Chile has 
negotiated a free trade ^reement with 
Mercosur and has reviv^ its ties with 
the five-member Andean Pact, which 
began separate talks with Mercosur this 

Chile recently signed a free trade 
agr^ment with Canada to supplement a 
similar accord it has with Mexico, which 
had alre^y reached free trade agree- 
ments with Colombia and Venezuela. 

“The Chileans have been kept stand- 
ing at the church, waiting for the groom 
to arrive.” said Bernard Aronson, who 
was assistant secretary of state for inter- 
American affairs during the Bush ad- 

“ Afrer a while, to maintain your own 
dignity, you take olT the wedding dress 

and go find another boyfriend,” he 

With Mr. Clinton about to be^ a 
seccHid term, the next few months be 

crucial to bringing the United States 
back into the process, government of- 
frcials and economists throughout the 
hemisphere said. 

“We can no longer postpone taking 
decisions on certain important things,” 
said Richard ^mal Jamaica’s ambas- 
sador to the Unit^ States and chairman 
of the woridng group for small n^ons 
set up at the Miami meeting. 

Latin American and Canbbean coun- 
tries will be looking, their l^ders make 
clear, for evidence of American com- 
mitment to reviving the fast-track pro- 
cess, either in the president's State of tiie 
Union Address or when Mr. Frei visits 
the United States in late February. 

“If you say no to Chile, you have said 
no to free trade,” said the foreign min- 
ister of one Latin American country. “It 
is a litmus t^” The 2005 deadline 
remains attainable, die official added, 
“th^ is, if you are still interested” 

One indication of Latin America's 
growing coniideace came recently when 
Presideot Carlos Saul Menem of Ar- 
gentina jokingly said before heading off 
for a visit to Washin^on that if die 
United Stales and its NAFTA partners 
wished to join Mercosur, they would be 
welcome to do so. 

To Rest at Home 

Onfifaf Iv Chr Am 

MOSCOW — Only two weeks after 
returning lo work, {Resident Boris 
Yeltsin cut short his schedule Monday for 
tbe rest of the week after coming tiown 
with what the Kremlin said was the flu. 

His spokesmen were quick to stress 
that the ailment, which they also de- 
scribed as a bad cold, was unrelated to 
Mr. Yeltsin's heart problems or to his 
bypass surg^ in November. 

Mr. Yeltsin's condition “is bound to 
return to normal” by the end of diis week, 
his press secretary, Sergei Yastizbemb- 
sky. told the Itar-Tass press agency 
Monday after Mr. Yeltsin was examined 
by 1 ^ chief Kremlin jAysician. 

The American heart surgeon Michael 
DeBakey said th^ Mr. Yeltsin's heart 
was all tmt back to normal and that a cold 
should not pose any special problems. 

Dr. I^Bakey, who served as a con- 
sultant during Mr. Yeltsin's bypass sur- 
gery. said that he had received glowing 
reports about the president's recovery. 
“Based on tbe reports I’m getting, it 
would appear his cardiac function has 
been virtually restored to normal,” Dr. 
E)eBakey said in Houston. 

He said that Mr. Yeltsin's recovery 
was “right on schedule” and that the 
surgery, in which five clogged arteries 
were bypassed to improve blood flow to 
the heart, would not leave him suscept- 
ible to infections such as a cold. 

But tbe efnsode focused unwelcome 
attention on the 6S-year-old ptesideni's 
health just as the Kremlin h^ begun to 
portray him as vigorous and fiilly re- 
cov^^ from his heart trouble. 

According to Mr. Yastrzbembsky. 
Mr. Yeltsin had a temperature of 37 J 
degrees centigrade (99.5 degrees 
Fahrenheit), and headed to his country 
home outside Moscow. 

Relaxed and smiling, but mov^ 
stiffly. Mr. Yeltsin was shown shaldag 
hands with I^mlin officials in bri^ 
footage on tbe evening television news. 

“A wave of flu that descended oa 
Moscow has not spared the president's 
family,” 1^. Yastrzhemb^y said. 
“Many in the president's family either 
have suffered from it, or have the flu 

Mr. Yeltsin, who has seemed relat- 
ively healthy in recent public appear- 
ances, postponed several meetings over 
tbe next few days and was advised by 
doctors to rest at home. 

Before cutting short his schedule, Mr. 
Yeltsin attended a meeting on the east- 
ward expansion of the North Atlantic 
Treaty O^anization, then held talks with 
Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin. 

“It's the president’s character.” Mr. 
Yastrzbembsky said. * ‘He's set on wear- 
ing." (AP, Reuters) 

A Pernvian police officer cbeddng a water truck entering the Japwese ambassador’s residence in Lima. 

Both Sides in Lima Draw Japan’s Ire 

In Tohyoy Ptime Minister Blasts Miscarriages^ in Hostage Crisis 

The Aaspciaed Press 

LIMA — Japan's prime minister on 
Monday critiemed twtii the Pmvian 
government uid tiie Tupac Amaru 
rebels holding 74 hosta^ ai^ as the 
crisis entered its 21st day, said he did 
not expect a solution soon. 

“There have been miscarriages on 
die guerrillas' side and also on the 
Peruvian govenunent's side.” Kyodo 
News qu(Med Prime Minister Ryutaro 
Hashimoto as saying. 

The Tupac Amaru rebels have been 
holed up inside the J^ianese ambas- 
s^or's residence since Dec. 17. 

Mr. Hashimoto, who spoke to re- 
porters at his (^cial residence in 
Tokyo, did not elaborate on what tiie 

mistakes were. But he said it was not 
lik^y there would be a solution soon. 

“It will be a [mitracted war,” he 
said, accordiitg to Kyoto. “1 am wor- 
ried about an unexpected accident.” 

In Lima, die archbisl^ of Ay- 
acucho, Juan Luis Cipriani, visited the 
resideaxre for more than three hours 
Sunday and Michel h^nnig, die head 
of the International Red Cross in Peru, 
went in twice. The last hostage release 
was Wednesday, when seven men 
were freed. 

Meanwhile. Bolivia’s foreign min - 
ister. Antonio Aranibar, arrived 
Sunday to talk with Peruvian officials 
about ending the crisis. Tbe Bolivian 
ambassador. Jorge Gumudo, is among 

tbe and is said to be in ill j 

bealdL ^ ^ ' 

“My presence here is intended to 
bear witness to the concern of the 
Bolivian government about our ambas- 
sador,” Mr. Araiubar said. “T^ am- 
suffers fimn hypertension and 
diabetes, which require special care.” 
Bolivia holds tour Tupac Amaru 
prisoners but has said it would not 
exchange them for its ambassador's 

The rebels’ main demand is diat the 
Peruvian government free some 300 
jailed cmnrades, which Resident Al- 
berto Fii^ori says be will not do. The 
reb^ are also concerned about har^ 
treatment given rebel prisoners in Peru. 

SMART: New, Experimental, Materials With a Mind oflheir Own. 

Continued fVom P^e 1 

structures will drastically alter tbe shape 
of aircraft, which will have control sur- 
frices that can reshape themselves on die 
fly. “If yon want to get a srngle-en^ne 
fighier off tiie deck of an airci^ carrier 
without a catapult,” said Bob Crowe of 
tbe Pentagon's Defense Advanced Re- 
search Proje(^ Agency, “you need to 
improve tiie lift and you can do that 
the airfoil/' 

ich “adaptive” surfaces would le- 

place stiff structures that are designed as 
a compromise among the ideal wing 
shapes fm various maneuvers, Mr. 
Crowe said. Eventnaily engineers could 
“eliminate vertical tmls and ailerons and 
stuff and have an aiiplane dial has no 
conventimial hinged, connol surfaces.” 
To date, athqitive ^sterns rely on 
three general classes of smart materials. 
One is made up of substances that ex- 
pand. cemiraa or twist when ej^sed to 
electric or magnetic fields. “Piezoelec- 
tric” materials — ceramics or films that 

CONGRESS: A Fmi^l Term Lies Ahead 

Cwitinued from P^e 1 

Ginton has been transformed from elec- 
tion-year rival to lame duck in need of 
Con^ss ' s help to win a place in history. 
In die Capitol, tbe populist fires that 
Republicans into msastrous cemfronta- 
tions in 19^ and 1995 appear to be 

The politics have changed, too. The 
balance of legislative power has shifted 
to tbe Senate, where the Repubtican ma- 
jori^ leader. Senator Trent LoQ of Mis- 
sissippi, likes to cut deals. The House, 
where the November elections cut 
deeply into tbe Republicans' domi- 
nance, is a chastened place where mod- 
erates of both parties may comprise the 
margins of victory or defeat. 

“You can do one of two tilings with a 
smaller majori^,” said Representative 
David Hobson, an influential Repub- 
lican from Ohio. “You can try to force 
all your people in line, which is very 
difficult to do. Or you can build more 
consensus-oriented legislation and 
move it throu^ 

“It'll be less confrontational this 
time, it ^peara,” he added. 

That remains to be seen. In the House, 
many Democrats believe little can be 
accomplish^ as long as Mr. Gingrich 
remains weaker. 

In the ^nate, Mr. Lott's bent toward 
bargaining may be more than offset by 
the election results, which vastly 
widened the ideological gulf separating 
Republicans and Democrats. 

Republicans not only increased their 
majority by two seats, to 55, but also 
replaced a throng of moderates who had 
retired with conservatives from Mr. Gin- 
grich's take-no-prisoners school of pol- 

Several come directly from the 
Speaker's House ranks, including Sen- 
ators Sam Brownback of Kansas, Wayne 
Allard of Colorado and Tim Hutchinson 
of Arkansas. 

Democrats not only lost some mod- 
erate seats to Republicans, bm also re- 

offer his proposed budget in early Feb- 
ruary for the 1998 fiscal year, which 
begins on Ocl 1. Unlike the last two 
years. Republicans may not dismiss it 
out of hand, because bofo parties purport 
to see a chwee this year for agreement 
on a ciedible plan to erase the federal 
deficit, periiaps by 2002. 

R^ublicans believe they have a ham- 
mer in the negotiations this time: a con- 
stitutional amendment ordering the gov- 
ernment to keep balanced boc^ A 
proposed amend^nt sailed throu^ the 
House in 1995 and missed S enate pas- 
sage by a single vote; this year the House 
vote may be closer, but thie Senate could 
have a vote or two to bum. 

Even if a hammer worked, it might not 
be needed. Mr. Clinton has already 
{xomised to submit a balanced-budget 
plan, as he did last year. And whUe 
Republicans spumed it then, partly be- 
cause it employed an economic forecast 
they regard^ as too rosy, much of Aat 
forecast has since come to pass. 

Indeed, the CcHigressional Budget Of- 
fice, the ^litol's economic seer, is ex- 
pected to bsue similar projections in a 
few weeks. That would close an S80 
billion gap between the two parties' 
budget proposals. 

“You could see us coming out with 
budgets much closer to each omer,” said 
Mr. Hobson, a member of the House 
Budget Committee. “Maybe we could 
even make a deal." 

StiU, the hardest parts of a deal — 
tou^ choices over where to spend and 
how much — remain unsettled. 

Republicans argued last year that Mr. 
Ginton 's budget relied on vague spend- 
ing cuts tiiat were unlikely to occur and 
“temporary" tax cuts that were sure to 
become permanenL 
A similar dispute haunts Medicare, 
tbe single biggest source of potential 
savings, where the fund for pa^^g h<^* 
pital bills is nearing insolvency and costs 
for nonhospitiU care have ballooned. 


BACK HOME — Presideat and Mrs. Ciiaton strolling from Aeir 
helicopter to tbe White House at tbe aid of their winter vacatioD. 

generate a volt^ when stressed or, 
conversely, flex when a voltage is ap-^ 
plied — are particularly pc^>ular. 

Tbe Pentagon agency and the Uiu- 
versity of hvnyland are using piezo-t 
electric elements and fibernc^nic seosois 
to design an “active” helicopter blade 
that can adju^ its shsqie ccmtinuously to' 
respond to vibration-engendering pres- 
sure changes in the air. Those fluctu- 
ations “kncck the machioeiY out of 
alignment,” Mr. Crowe said, ^‘aod that 
causes a lot of down. time. The tnain- 
tenance schedule on a helicopter is ISj 
percCTt of its time or so/' 

Piezoelectric sensors might also be 
employed on tbe grips of hwdguns tb^ 
will only fire when tiie 3 r detect the 
unique pressure-pattero “signature” of 
the owner's hana The matmials are sb^ 
sensitive that piezoelectric polymers or 
gels, formed i n fo artificial muscles and 
skin, T^KHtecfly have been able to read 
Braille m laboratory tests. 

Piezoelectric snbscinces can respond 
within ihousandflis of a second, but th^ 
ate capable of stretching cnly a fractimv 
of 1 percent of tiieir dimm ai on s So 
researchers are testing tiiem in comUn^ 
atioo with a secemd class of smart ma- 
terials called “shape memory alloys,” or 
SMAs. Much slower but far more flex- 
ible, these metals “remember” tbeir 
origiaal configuration even when de- 
fbimed as much as 15 percent and retiim 
to it when heated. thus have enor? 
mous potential as force generators: Ah 
SMA wire “tendai,'* when heated fky- 
tocally, could bend the leading or tiailr' 
ing edge of a flexible airplane wing 1^ 
sever^ degrees. SMA mate rials can 
be built into qiiral shapra as ‘"taniuq 
tubes” that twist when activated. 

The same kiDd of sensor-actuator 

oology may result in stealth suh njnnp** - 
Their acousticaDy hypersensitive smart 
s kins would det^ the pressure of aq 
incomiag sonar wave and aotomaticaiK 
geo^nte an equal but c^^xisite coun.-. 
teipr^ure that would cancel out the 
ping. With nothing reflected back to the 
enray boat, the sub would be invisiblS 
Piezoelectric materials have al» b^ V 
fashioned into tiny pumps, c^ed 
ere, can be mounted onto the skins 

of airplanes or submarines. By eener-: 

P S suction or blowing minuscule je& 

er action affects the boundary fim 
ofair or water streaming alone ^trol 

A tiiinl cl^s of smart materials con- 
electro- or magneto-iheolofflcal 
fluids — w^ liquids that change S«f 
yiscosity_(inherent thickness or rests- 

or mi^netzc fields. 

An Anti-Tourist Patrol INVEST: U.S. Social Security Panel Urges Buying Into Stock Market to Rescue System 

On South African Isle 


C.APH TOWN — A navy boat 
patrolled South Africa's Robben Island 
jail Monday, not to prevent escapes but 
to guard gainst invasion by tourists. 

Andre O^daal. administrator of the 
island, which formally became a mu- 
seum on Jan. 1, said the navy would 
ensure there was no repeat of an attempt 
Saturday by five private charter boats to 
land tourists illegally. 

"The navy is there, but the main thing 
is that public opinion has swung against 
the boat operators," he said in a tele- 
phone interview. 

Robben Island, where President Nel- 
son Mandela was jailed for 18 years, has 
been transferred from the prisons de- 
partment to the Ministry of Arts and 
Culture for preservation as a monument 
to the anti-apartheid struggle. 

All that suggests that the 1997 Sraaie 
wiU look a good deal more like the 1994 
House — more pa^san, more ideolog- 
ical and less obliging to the dying tra- 
dition of comity. 

Another open question, at least in 
Republican minds, is what will come of 
hfr. Clinton's own pledge to cooperate 
and compromise. Republican leaders 
have ma^ it clear that they will not 
attempt politically difficult initiatives 
(ike changes in Medicare or the cost-of- 
living index unless the White House 
takes the lead: memories of Mr. Gin- 
ton's virulent attacks on Republicans* 
own Medicare plan last year are too 

The budget, both sides say, will be the 
proving ground for many promises. Fis- 
cal issues dominate the list of items that 
are likely to be addressed early. 

If traction holds, Mr. Clmton will 

Continued from Pa^e 1 

charged with finding ways to avert the 
impending financial troubles. But its 
membere. who were to report their find- 
ings a year ago, were unable to reconcile 
some fundamental differences. 

The first of the three options pro- 
posed. supported by six members of the 
panel, would essentially p r es er ve the 
current system but gradually, be ginning 
in 2000, divert a portion of the payroQ 
taxes collected into stocks. By the year 
3015, under this prmiosal, about 40 per- 
cent of the Soci^ S^urity trust flip's 
investments would be in stocks. 

Among die six puel members sup- 
porting this option is a former Social 
Security commissioner. Robert Ball, 
who called Monday for a moderate ap- 
proach to protecting the program. 

“Social Securit}- is not in tbe emer- 

gency nfom and does not zeqidie radical 
SUIgeiy.” Ball said. “To maintain 

its long-renn health, it requim only a 
series of moderate adjustments to rev- 
enoes and expenses.” 

invesanents, managed 1^ a financial in- 
stitution of the wonrer's choice. 

Hie transition to this ^||steni would be 
financed by increasing Social Security 
taxes by 1 .5 percent of payroll. 

^ or nothing, whereas with the ner- 

to his or her Iksis. 

Another o^on would establish man- The bigg^ objection io tbe various cauiious^^»2Sfr ® 

datory individuai savings accounts to ai^iipaches is likdy to arise from fears will affeonSv ” ^ which 

supplement benefit checks. The accounts thtt mvesting in the stock market carries some wav every American in 

would be owned by the wkers but big risks. Mr. Ervin, the spokesman for On Simdav the ^ ' 

the senior drizens’ group, cited predic- leaHiw Democratic 

dons by sane analysts tto the market is 
due fix’ a dn^ of 15 percent a more. 


wonldT increase tiie payroll tax by 1.6 
percent and would gi^ualiy lower ben- 
efits to reflect the earnings the workers 
would receive fron their Divestments. 

The most radical proposal wonld re- 
place the carrent Sociu Sec 
gram with a two-tier system. Ben^ts in 
tbe one pextion of tiie plan, paid out at a 

There are also questions about fair- Sealitv So^. 
ness. Under some options, big earners Buthe^said private sector: 

would fare considerably betiw tiian pr^ram shoiSd ^ currem 

Ai^ o?? Ricbani 

^^22Vof Tew, said that nriv3?Si 

isoi wuuio le- wouui litre cinusicunioiy oener man pro ma m akonM CUITQIS 

Security pro- lower earners, since they would have The 
m.Benefitsin more money to mvesL Aimey *®“*®*^’ 

loe one pouon or me p»ii, paid out at a On the other hand, the stocdc-maikiet vestment was^' f^vaie m- 

flai rate, would be reduced. In the other approadi, say its backers, would imply younger optiem foe 

portion, personal accounts would be ere- greata fairness since under todays «p- ^i^tbegovem- 

ared, and letiremem benefits would vary proadi, the heirs of a worker who dia alxeadv'^SSSL^ ^ protect 

dependingonibesuccessoftiieworfcer's before or shortly after Fetireinent get back curity ^ °?™ent on Soc^ Se^, 

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INTERNATIONAL iadvebtisement 

y Dhney Hunchbcick 
^^ M(md in France 

j^artoon Eyofces Immig rante * Pij^t 

i ByCraijgR.Whi(n^ 

j NewYhrkTbHtsSerriee 

i — Tbe Rreodi, who manage to finrf pfaSosimhy is 

TO mms of Jeiiy Lewis, are fintfiiig a povTfixiu] motf lessoD m 

^anlmatiedfita**ThelhincM>aAcrfNQitig'Damft,**nn ff that 
|veQ ma]^ some of them willing to foigive Wah Disney 
Studios for fading' sud bun Ifljeroes wife the Victor Hnso 
qovd tbBfinqnred h.- - 

Ml' J [;^»i>'— I'Vilitl 

. ^ be^n,monibs after hs release m tbe United States, 
qsmains tfae.ffo. 2'box office draw in-Paiia. 

I Acres of advertiang billboards and the maricering hotmla 
mat flooded Freudi dquartment stores with d^na of tbe film's 
fiero, QuasinM)do,aiidinmiatuies ofNotrePameOdiiedralno 
doubt ^ped make it so popular. . . 

• But it 'was an event from Angost dw* gave a mere ra» rT'OfH i 
^M)ralresoDancefaere~~1hedawhr^m whi<!|nbippoF<^bftfit 
^wn die doors- of -the Romian Cadidlic Ciiuidi of Saint- 

BeJiUuJ de’laChapellp.m Raria and 'hMi'U!^ than ?fl(l 

qJegaJ mmugraols w4x> had sou^it asylum firom Rmice'S' 
f)ug^exp^oolaw5. . 

f In the Dispey movie, die datk-sldnned Gypsy Bgiwy a)da 
deeks asylum' in 'Notre Dame from tbe evil m^istrate Iloilo, 

• mi, 

I ,1 i 

■ TV. 

• ~r ^rz' 

■If. .1*5 

fa n ds wne Phoebus, die iriiel captain of die guards. All three 
five hqipily ever after in itwid of d3ung, as Quasimodo 
Esmeralda do in die book. . . 

I Most (^cs here pay thtt no mizid. ‘ 

I '"IheibindibadcofNotrB Dame* tells nothii^ less than 
^ sBuy .of tbe illegal immigrants of S^nt-Bematd,*’ wrote 
Sibylle ^fincdidan, an editor of the left^eaning daily lib- 
against die Gypsies to die campaign promises of the far-right 
aolitical leadCT Jean-Marie Le Pm to smd all fbreigDen in 
nance 'back towtoe tb^ came from. 

I **It is epou^ to replace word 'Gypsies* widi 'im- 
migrants,* and I^Qo becomes a perfect Le Pen,** 
'Vmoeodoo wrote, aldiougb there is a conqdete lack of pt^ 
^ resembfamce between die avmicular^ooking 1^. Le Pm 
and die sneering cartoon diaraclief' 

I ‘'The theme ctfdiscriminatioo is exirfoied the whole Imgth 
ef the fihn.** wrote Le Monde, uAidi fou^ dim Etmnbo tSso 
Raftered, indie 1941 Disney animated fetfmie, for having ears 
dial were too big. 

i As for the solidly middle-class cooservadvenewspmerLe 
pigaro, it noted thm while die Disney stndios recast Victor 
Hugo’s story, tbe stoiyboard was ip^y the woik of two 
cartooni^, Paul ^ Gaetan BriaL The Americans. 
I^^Rgarosm'd, had gjvmaiemariaablyfaidiinl rendition of the 
cathedra] hselfi stamed gjbss windows, statnaiy and alL 
, But it is the peptics of a movie djat i nterests the French 
most, and vribm die good cqitain of the guards winspen 

**l Vmandtt y » Ti g|ht flfa-<y 1itfn r*tin FiW¥iet a1Ai, miifiy h«v««iM 

that dreasylum-seelom of Ssini-Beznaid spring immetfaiely 

frt mind. 

‘*Tt is dffl^lt nnrtothinlf nfihftundhcimiimted i tr imio i M nta 

ofSaint-BecnaidnAmlrollotriestoswe^oiitdie'iabTO,* ** 
sud Marie-ThereseDelboulbes, another lerviewer. 

Asjdmn did not work dm i n m iig ta m s, most of them 
Africans, wtim riot poifice raided the chtirdi 23, en^g 

a' seven-week occiq»tiaD and a bongcr strike by 10 of them 
that lasted just as long. Most of the immigrants hm bem living 
clandrsrinrly in Rra^ fiaryeats, had families here and were 

seeking to stay . 

' ‘Snoe the 'ra^ lOi tf 'Aem liave been prtitu^ le^ 

*. uiT' Ji 


j T'a's •- 

only 13 had been dc|imWd iqD m Friday. How many iO^al 
iimmgrants dims are m a coun^ where mme dura 3.5 miliian 
forrigners live hardly is a nouer of diqnie. Bm widi un- 
^ploymeitt at die highest level rince World War n 12.7 
percent in Novonber, acocvfng to gewemmerit figures of 
Elec. 30 — dm conservative gowenmient is under pressn^ 
^eal summarily witb fbieigoers here in^aHy: The legjslatare 
righrwwi up imimgiadoQ .Iaws to allow & depocoaion of. 
^egal iniDUgrants if diey cemunit riotent criinim. 

Meiicaji Ihrug Frdsecutor 
Gmmed Down in Tijuana 

MEXICO CITY — Gnnmm in Tijuana have assassinated a 
Senior rrog fw ‘ ^ por ^riio investigate several prominmt drug- 
relatedkillings, accoMing to Mexican offioala 

rwtmfh*ri*r" ^l^i*”r^**cuirofcriminaltrialsinthestate 
of Baja Chliftiiiiua Nc^ was the eighth Mexican official 
Working on' dii^ ca ses in Tijuana to be riain in 1 1 mmdis. 

At least fonr people filing assault 

Gutienm on Ridgy everting oinside bis hooie in Tijuana, Ariel 
{jzaiT^a, a qrakmman for state attorn^ gmetal, ^d in a 

telephone nnerview. Deleaves recovered 140 qimt ammmn- 

fipn r^wny «wHii*iw>i w«rlfwW riirtTO a«ai«giis dsoTanovg 

l^. Gotienez's bo^ widi a van, Mr. Lirarrag a sad. 

Tbe state sriomey gmeral, Jose Ansya Bamisca, said that a 

act of vengeance by drug tiaffideers. He said Mr. Gudenez 
Was a cntiff gan iis offidal untooched by conuption. 

Tijnana is a m^or smng^ing centtf for traffickers. The 

w Fetix nntnvai gangs pave pcoireBBCuiy m. a wuauw 

^^iflict is la^og in T^mnaamong omnipt £^ons wnttitt tbe 
fipjCnir American officials ay. 
^ Mr. Gntienez, ndio was 29, first assumed major invest- 
igative lesponal^ily. tiuee years ago, wjm Jie wm_ com- 

:> r im^ioned as a ^ecid prosecutor after distmginriiinghinaelf 

>-■ asarfreet-leveldrug^muMr.lizarragasad. 

.« l7 ««p 1 * * • ^ ^iv*amawim)m5gKaag#iO J rtlftfT^ 

1994 riioot-out betwem federal and Bi^ state pdk^ 
brake out when federal officers alleuapted to arrest Javier Arel- 

April 1994 gan^aDd-a^ execiitiou of Fe&ico Benitez, 

^oana's nninkapal police chief, Mr. Ldzarraga said. 

Id that investigtiiac^ Mr. Gutierrez discovered that the police 

a result of Mr. Gutienez's investigation, several federal police 

officess were charged widi die di^hig Mr. Benhez. 


Ngnv^ printed in N 
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Chick Corea, Ja 

■ <v- . 

Musicimf^ 0 ipofier 

United States 

Like Chick Corea, millions 
have found that Scientology 
helped them achieve greater 
certainty, lasting happir^ss 
and real ^ritual freedom. 
Here is what some of them 
had to say: 

A s a nurse, I always wanted to 
help people. But I saw that 
while there were great devel- 
opments in medicine, there was 
nothing to compare in the field of the 
spiriL Scientology filled this void for 
me. i really understand my patients 
and I am able now to really help 

Gertie Hiebler 
Nurse, Austria 

W ith Scientology, I control 
my own life much more 
th^ ever, and I get 
immense satisfaction from my job. 

My entire life, including my family life, 
has re^y changed for the better. 

CiAUDio Giovanni 
Dentist , Itaiy 

understand my students better and 
Tm able to help them with their 
problems. I feel free of all nonsense 
and pain. I really understand myself 
now. I am just who I am. 

Jan Wijn 
Concert pianist, 

T wenty-two years ago, I lost the 
ability to play with my right 
hand. Scientology techniques 
helped me regain the use of my hand 
and I took up my concert career I 

T hanks to Scientology, I have 
found myself and die courage 
and confidence that lets me 
know that I will be able to achieve 
whatever I want to achieve. 

Teresa Gutierrez 

Antiqi4es Restorer, 



Check the following Internet sites for 
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Italian and Spanish: 

. btq>:// 

YISn OUR CHURCHES: Pay a visit to your 
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AVAILABU& V3U can obtain the address oF 
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booklet about Sdeniolo^, by uniting 
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J|l -Ujmuill«lllll>llWlirihl«tlll T l 1- DfTUI-A 







Pay Those UN Dues 

When ihe Clinton administruion 
announced last May that it would veto 
Boutros Boutros Ghali for a second 
tenn as UN secretary'general, Amer- 
ican officials said his removal was 
necess^’ to persuade Congress to pay 
the bi llion or so dollais in dues that the 
United States owes the United Nations. 
Washington got its way. and Mr. 
Boutros Ghali was replaced by Kofi 
Annan, who is highly respected in 
Washington and elsewhere. Yet some 
congressional Republicans are unwill- 
ing to pay the debt until Mr. Annan 
carries out major structural reforms. 

The administration rightly expats 
that Mr. Annan will bea more effective 
advocate than Mr. Boutros Ghali for 
reforming an organization that is pat- 
ronage-ridden. bureaucratic and still 
keyed to a world dominated by the 
Cold War. But withholding the dues is 
counterproductive. The administra- 
tion. while continuing to press vig- 
orously for reform, must make good on 
its implicit promise and persuade Con- 
gress to pay up now. 

The man who has taken the dues 
hos^e is Senator Jesse Helms, the 
chairman of the Foreign Relations 
Committee. Mr. Helms advocates cuts 
that would truly cripple the United 
Nations, which is not surprising con- 
sidering his view of the United Nations 
and most international aoeemems and 
treaties as dangerous inmngements on 
American sovereignty. 

Mr. Annan deserves the benefit of 
the doubt. He has an excellent record as 
an administrator and detailed know- 
ledge of the Unit^ Nations. He has 
repeatedly said that reform is his top 
pnority. Clinton administration offi- 
cials say the failure to pay up undercuts 
their omti efforts to piWs for an end to 
waste and inefficiency at the United 
Nations. Anger over the debt cost the 
United States its place on the com- 
mittee that oversees the organfzadon's 
budget. An eariy retirement program 
for a few hundred UN staff members 
considered less productive was stalled 
by a lack of funds. When adminis- 
ti^on officials try to enlist West Euro- 
pean allies in reform programs, they 
get a lecture on the American debt 

Afthou^ more needs to be done to 

lefOTm Ihe United Nations, Mr. 
Boutros Ghali did more than any other 
secretaiy-eeneral. He cut the New 
York st^by one-third. He created the 
office of inspector genend, which has 
uncovered and corrected inefficiency. 
He installed Joseph Connor, an Amer- 
ican who formerly led the accounting 
firm of Price Waterhouse, as chief fi- 
nancial officer, Connor has gre^y 

improved administration of the United 
Nations. Mr. Annan’s task is to build 
on these achievements. 

There are, for example, six different 
organizations worlcing on economic 
development that mi^t be consolid- 
ated. More important than simply 
shrinking the United Nations, how- 
ever, is malting it more effective in a 
world where the end of the Cold War 
changed many things. The UN de- 
velopment organizations must be re- 
oriented lowara the challenges posed 
by the now widespread acceptance of 
market economics. The eno of East- 
West conflict allows the United Na- 
tions to more effectively control re- 
gional arms races and threats like 
chemical and biological weapons. 

Mr. Annan brings considerable 
strengths to the task of reform. The UN 
staff trusts him, and member states 
resii^t him. He has spent decades ac- 
quiring an intimate knowledge of the 
organization in several posts, includ- 
ing controller. 

But his reach is limited. He has no 
power to touch independent agencies 
like Unesco. On big reforms, he can 
only make suggestions that must be 
appro^ by member states. His com- 
mitment to reform is only as good as 
theirs, and many nations have balked at 
changes that threaten their use of the 
Unili^ Natioos as a patronage pit The 
United States has been as giulty of this 
as any other nation. The solution is for 
all countries to join in allowing the 
secretary-general to choose quality 
candid^es for UN posts, rather than 
pushing their own nationals. 

Reforming the United Nations re- 
quires the cooperation of its members. 
America, which has done more than 
any other nation to foster reform, can 
help now by paying its dues. 


Still Wary of the Net 

It is not quite a po$t-New Year’s 
ritual yet. but you can see the signs that 
one is forming. Yet again, for the third 
year at least, business people with an 
interest in cyberspace can be beard 
compiling year-end figures and asking 

one another why more people are not 
transacting theo* financial business 

over the IntemeL A small local ex- 
ample that nonetheless attracted some 
attention last week — to the accom- 
paniment of moans from stock analysts 
— was Cybeicash Inc., based in Rest- 
on. Viiginia. which makes software 
chat allows Internet transactions by 
credit cards or electronic cash. 

The Net may yet change the world 
and become the primary “supeMgh- 
way” for everythmg from shopping in 
mails to writing chKks from a cbwk- 
book. But the changes that so many 
feel are imminent — enough to drive 
up stock prices for Intemet companies 
that have yet to turn a profit — keep 
retreating into the future. 

The likely reasons for this stubborn 
delay are familiar. Some blame the lag 
in wide adoption of encryption tech- 
nology dial could be as ‘'en- 
velopes" for public e-mail: more gen- 
erally. people worry about the security 
of their ci^it card information over 
the Internet, and their fears — rea- 
sonable to begin with — are further 
fueled by the periodic gusts of un- 
checkable rumor that sweep the me- 
dium. Who can fUUy erase the psy- 
chological effect of the lightning 
rumor — baseless, it turned out — that 
Nexis-Lexis was maintaining a vast 
searchable credit card information 
database on the Net with Social Se- 
curity numbers and motiiers* maiden 
names, or that a surfer found the long- 
reclusive novelist Thomas I^nchon m 
three minutes by tracing his address 
from a credit card transaction? 

Add to that the still real inconveni- 
ences of not really being there — many 
people who shop happily by catalogue, 
for instance, still balk ai the next step of 
eliminating the friendly voice at the 
other end of the telephone line, and a lot 
of the companies that maintain web 
sites have not figured out that they heed 
to be prompt about answering custom- 
ers' e-mail — and you have a fairly 
Strong argument for keeping your busi- 
ness in actual rather than vfrnial space. 

Other things can go unpiediccably 
wrong in virtual space, too. as witness a 
lively legal aigunieni going forward on- 
line over whe^r the statutory defin- 
itions of “signarure" and “writing” 
need to be revised to provide the nec- 
essary underpinning ior prosecutions 
for fraud. Wbau after all, constitutes die 
affixing of a sign^ure to a piece of 
writing when that piece of writing can 
be as easily tampered with as unpro- 
tected documents in cyberspace still 
can? As with many other of in- 
tellectual property law. there is a ques- 
tion here whether die legal fix or the 
straij^t technical fix (say. a lock or 
encryption of some sort) will get there 
soonest and do the In the meantime, 
chough, the cry for cyberhusmess re- 
mains “Wait tUl next yearf” 


Other Comment 

Beware Nuclear .Sm iiygHng 

Russian and U.S. officials have ex- 
pressed concern dial organized crime 
groups may gain access to poorly se- 
cured nuclear weapons and materials 
in the former Soviet Union. These 
groups have established smuggling 
networks and close connections to 
government officials who reportedly 
might be willing to provide them with 
access to nuclear weapons and 
weapons-grade materials. 

Most specialists ^ew organized 
crime in the former U.S.S JL as a num- 
ber of interlocking networks of crim- 
inals, politicians, bureaucrats. miJit^ 
personnel and intelligence and security 
officers that could easily divert such 
material. Some analysts argue that 
criminal groups are unlikely to 
smuggle weapons and materials of 
mass destruction, because they can 
make more than enough money from 
traditional activities, and even they be- 
lieve that these markets are beyond the 
pale of acceptable behavior, llus reas- 
oning is flawed. 

Hutoiy disproves the notion that 
certain misconduct is taboo even for 
organized crime syndicates. Money 
taliu louder than ethical strictures. 

— John F. Sopko. in the wimer 
issue of Foreign Policy (Washington). 






RICHARD McCLEAN, Pi^isker A Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER. Executive Editor 

* WALTER WELLS, Managinf! Eduar • PAUL HORVTIZ. Deputy Managing Ediur 

CARL GEWRTZ. Assoctoe EtBwrs * ROBERT J. DONAHUE, E^ur cf the Edilorial Pages 
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Interests Clash but Civilizations Can Cooperate 

B OSTON — Tlic 21st centi^ will 
not see a unified global civiliza- 
tion, we are toid. Instead, the West will 
confixmt (he rest — Islamic, Hindu, 
Jtq)anese, Chinese. Orthodox Christian 
and othCT civilizations imbued with 
values very different from tiu>se of 
Western Cmsiianity. 

In this view. Ameaica's troubles with 
non-Westem countries tun much deep- 
er than arms or trade imbalances. Tb^ 
are rooted in a clash of valu^ is 
unlikely to disappear. Other civiliza- 
tions may modernize but will not West- 
ernize. They may worship the Ma gna 
Mac but oppose the Magna Carta. 

The bottom line: Americans sfaouki 
bolster traos-Atlaotic unity. If Western 
countries do not stick toother, they 
may hang separably. Weaiemera 
shoiild try to understand other civi- 
lizations but recognize the deep fault 
lines likely to persist 
These theses are hammered home in 
Samuel Hunting^’s new book “The 
Gash of Civiliz^ons and the Remaking 
of World Order." Director of Harvard 
University’s Olin Institute for Strare^c 
Studies, Mr. Huntington commands re- 
spect If his views are true, they should 
give direction to U.S. foreign poli^. 
But if they are falag or overUown, they 

By Walter C. Ctemens Jr. 

should be avoided as a dsn^rous, pos- 
sibly self-fulfilling pK^)hecy. 

llje Bosnian powder keg exemplifies 
Mr. Huntington's argument It sits 
udieie two civilizations formed after 
Constantine split the Roman Empire. 
Cenmries later, Eastern Orthodoxy took 
in Serbia, while Western ChrisDanhy 
absorbed Croats. A third civilization, 
Islam, entered when tire Ottomans took 
Bosnia in the I5tb century. 

Since then the three communities 
have known intervals of war and of 
peace. Conflicts were repressed by 
Marshal 1110, but the end of commun- 
ism has permitted the clash of civ- 
ilizations to resurface in the Balkans. 

The good oews is that Mr. Hunt- 
ingtwi probably exaggerates. Cultural 
influfflces may distort our percepdon 
and aggravate our feuds, but no major 
co^ct of this century resulted from a 
clash of dvilizations. 

1914, Protestant Berlin aligned 
with Cholic Vienna and Muslim Istan- 
bul. Orthodox Rossia allied with Catb- 
(rik France and lai;gely ftotesiant Bri- 
tain. Orthodox Serbia opposed Catholic 
Austria but fought Orthodox Bulgaria. 

Hie t^gressors in World War n Cbaly • 
Geii^y, Japan, the U.S.SJL) cooper- 
ate de^ite dive^ent heiita^. Later, 
wten Hitter attacked the U.S.SJL, 

Ctunchill did not vdietiier Stalin was 

Orthodox or even Communist London 
immediately proposed to Moscow to 
oombine against a common foe. 

The subsequent Cold War had little 
to do with rival cultures. It was a 
struggle for hegemony — Soviet Rus- 
sian imperialism against the West 
Moscow^s camp at times included 
Chin a and Other non-Onhodox cotm- 
tries, while Washington's pattn^ in- 
clude many non-Westem societies. 

Most wars since 1945 have 
v^ed by rivals from the same civ- 
ili^on — Korea, Vietnan^ Cambod- 
ia, Somalia, Iraq and KuwaiL 

No civilization is mcmolithic. Iraq's 
leaders claim to be Sunni, while Iran's 
are Shiite, fo any case, tiiey contest 
waterways for more than titeology. 

Muslu^ as well as Israelis claim to. 
desc^id from Abraham. They fight for 
shrines but also for land and resources. 
Ylmhak Rabin was killed by another 
Israeli, and Yasser Arafat is threamned 
by othCT Palestinians. 

All this means that there is still hope 
for eniightftnftfi self-iDteiest. Rifts 

tween civilizations play secMd or^ 
fiddle w other factors m world affm 

individual vision and myopia, iw- 

reancratic rhythms and rutt, 
and greed, resource bounty ^ 
scarcity. United Nations clout^ 
fraUty Now, as before, staies cwp^ 
or clash based on pen^ved mteresL 


technology make it possible and uxM 
to cooperate across cdti^^wKlw- 
ies. even though indivtd^ and poops 
may not see these realities. 

Cultures evolve. Recent decade taye 
seen dcmocraric values take h<^ m 
Portugal Spain, Japan, Ta wanand o A- 
cr coiuitries far firom tiie Ptotestam in- 
dividualism that Mr. Huntmgum sees as 

the bedrockof Weswm way^ We n^ 
not and should not assume ^ mexmaw 
conflict between “the West aim 
resL** We should turn a potential iot 
conflict a practice of mutual gain. 

The writer, professor ofpoli^al sci- 
ence at Boston University ana an as- 
sociotc ot th^ Horvtvti Ctei- 

terfor Science and Iniemanonal 
is author of ‘*Can Russia Change?"' md 
“Baltic Independence and Russian Em- 
pire." He contributed this conunent to 
the International Herald Tribune. 

.. - 

■■■. am 

One Pundit’s Informed Judgment, Plus Advice to Gingrich 

Alice in Woodetland 
permeates Tuesday's 
)use vote on Newt Gingrich. 
First comes the verdict, with Re- 
publicans in unsafe seats march- 
ing lockstep over the cliff shout- 
ing “On with our bead!" And 
not until next week will we wit- 
ness the ethical trial — with the 
charges to be detailed for the first 
time to jums and spectators. 

You have to credit Newt wttii 
skillful noncampaigniflg. That 
television shot of him in front of 
his modier-in-law’s house, 
meeting the press vriiile cany- 
bg two large garage ba^, lite 
Everyman surprised while do- 
ing the ttitores (an update of the 
Jimmy Carter garment bag 
stunt), was an image-maker’s 
dream. (“Ma, we got any 
garbage to talre out? Can we 
borrow some?’’) 

You have to fault Democrats 
for fiailmg to make diis coa- 
stimticxial argumenc H Bill 
(TUnion and M Gore, who ap- 
pear together all too often, were 
to be swept from tte boaiti. tiie 

By William Safire 

presidency would devolve upon 
a member of the apposite party 
for the first time m Amenca’s 
hist^. Would the ethically 
tainted Mr. Gingrich be the best 
R^blican for such a poten- 
tially wrenchbg transition? No. 

And you have to wratder at tile 
Re^blicaQs for advancing the 
notion th^ former Speaker Jim 
Wri^ was driven out for “Ib- 
bg his pockets’* labile Newt is 
bebg cnall^ged fia* usbg tax- 
exempt funds for the Revolu- 
tion’s benefit and doc his own. 

As soon as that tax-fiee 
foundation and college course 
helped him gab the speaker- 
ship, he casDM b oo his Dew 
celebity and power with a book 
deal that f^fited him $700,000 

— man y times the amount Mr. 
Wright ripped off on his phony 
book deal 

To this, the Lewis Carrolls of 

the R^bUcan Party will say 

tiiat Newt’s cashbg-m while 
still b office was not against 
House etiucs rules. True 

enough; a geneaation ago. au- 
thor Mo UdaJl slipped b an ex- 
emption fix' bwks to the 
Hmise’s outside-bcofne cap, a 
loophole that Mr. Gbgrich has 
zealously preserved — but 
private eoriefament while in pub- 
lic office is stifl wrong. (Become 
a millionaire afierwara, as 
Powell and Gecs:^ Stephano- 
poulos propoly did.) To claim 
now th^ Wri^t got rich while 
Newt st^ed poor is ioaccunte, 
bcompltte im mliqM e 

This is no criminal matter. 
But by ha ng ing tOU^ b tfais 
higbest-profile case. Newt 
forces the Internal Revenue Ser- 
vice to set an example by liftmg 
the tax exemption of not only a 
foundation but perhaps a col- 
lege, thereby tiveatenbg its ex- 
istence. Endangering a school is 
aothing to be proud of. 

Am I burning my bridges to 
the 21st century with this 

aposta^? No less anomnitisan 
authority chan The Wasnmgton 

Post's David Bioder writes 

(IHT Opinion, Jan. 6) that my 
publish^ advice to Newt to 
st^ aside “illustrates a con- 
fusion about roles and respon- 
sibilities that is a dangCT to 
democracy. “ 

He arg^ that “a joumali^ 

tma no ativiKmg a pftliti- 

cnan," and — dect^g the long- 
time bvaston of journalism 
former politicians — bolds that 
cornmentators thus grounded b 
partisanship and practiced b 
populist undermine re{>‘ 

resentative govern m e n t by fa- 
cing le^Iators to “execute the 
wishes of the majority" gainst 
thw better JudgmraL 

Alexander Hamilton lives! 

The coQeg^ David and 1 
have for decades debated the vir- 
tues of inside experienoe m ana- 
lyzing politics. Although many 
nnft journalists grump about 
pols who “cross the street" into 
the land of lucrative purity, and 
newsies who gam power as press 
secretaries, I tnink tiiat is b^thy 

Mr. Bioder is ri ght about the 
dear conflict m journalists g^''- 

bg private advice to politicians. 
When the meaker calls me, 
however, and 1 drop an unex^ 
pected opinion on ga v 
reaction plus a revealing reians 
cial fact, and promptly wite alL 
abob ih tiiat b not my itviii^ 

it is my role b political !T 
To see thrwgh the 

immaHe argument (tiaoster dfr 
power m succesaon), winkle out 
me pobt-maldng fan ($700j00fr 
eambgs). publicize the .unrein 
marked threat (to others' tax esce 
emptioos) and advise ^ledfie 
actim (Step aside, Nei^ -*a 
that's hw I see my job. 

Sometimes, as m Bill Oin^ 
ton's Asian connection, sude 
iconoclann starts a stamped^ 
other times, as m Newt's case, b 
draws sermons about loyaftjc* 
firom political allies and char^ 
of subversion from a joumau^ 

1 respect But informs publiil 
advoca^ and etiiical judgm^T 
calling by even a tecovenr^ 
Nixomte is hardly a “danger ta- 

TheHewYortraia. C 

In France, Doubt About Europe’s Ability to Match America 

P ARIS — Eariy last month, 
France's president told a na- 
tion preoccupied witii unem- 
ployriKmc and "exclusion" of 
the poor, and with the threat to 
retiremeat and national berdtfa 
insurance systems, that there 
was little more lus govenunent 
could do for the country. He said 
the French had proved "too 
censervati ve' ' to accept the eco- 
nomic and social refonns that 
his government had proposed. 

An offer of resignation might 
logically have followed, but did 
not b his subsequent New 
Year's statement, Ja^ues Chir- 
ac promised a 1997 of “will- 
po>Jw” and "hope." 

France's btemal problems 
and discouragement are often 
cited b the United States as 
cause for the petty and even 
gratuitous claste bat have oc- 
curred between the two coun- 
tries b recent months. This is 
comforting to Washington be- 
cause it allows certab is- 
sues to be dismissed as instances 

By William PfaJCT 

of a demagogy motivated by 
French dor^tic politics, but 
that is a mistaken analysis. 

UnemploymenL the effects 
of the plaiu^ sbgle European 
currency and larger issues of 
what “Europe" is to become 
dominated tte French btemal 
debate b 1996. 

Difficulties with the United 
States exist b another dimen- 
sion. In foreign relations there 
has always a rivalry be- 
tween ibie two countries, de- 
rived from the claim that both 
make to have been creators of 
the modem world and to be a 
model for others, b tills respect 
the French still betiew that they 
need malre no concessions. 

'The American Declaration of 
lodependence b 1776 and the 
French Declaration of the Rights 
ofhbn and Citizen m 1789 were 
both proi^ts of ideas b the air 
at die time. Tbe Eniigbten- 
meni's polmcal aixl so^ 

thought found political realiz- 
ation m the AmOTcan rebellion 
of colonial notables against ar- 
Wlrary Loiidon rule arid the prin- 
ciple of monarchy, and b the 
Frendi revolution, which also 
began m the grievances of not- 
ables but rapidly tuoied into an 
upl^val that transformed tbe 
social OTder, which tbe Amer- 
ican “revolotioa" did not. 

The French still see them- 
selves as a world power b moral 
terms, but also as a world polit- 
ical and military presence, with 
territories or colonies b North 
and South America, the Carib- 
bean and tbe Pacific, and African 
dependencies and bteiesis, and 
alro globally projectable mili- 
tary, naval and nuclear forces. 
These arguably make France a 
mititaiy factor second to tbe 
United States — the Russian 
army bavbg collapsed, and 
China's bebg h omebo u nd. 

Tbe French also believe that 

Down and Out in W^ary Russia 

By Alexander Solzhenitsyn 

M OSCOW — b other 
countries, Russia's cur- 
rent situation would suffice 
for a nujor social explosioiL 
But after 70 years of bebg 
bled vdiite, af^ the selective 
aimihilation of active, protest- 
bg elements, and now after a 
K^)rear slide bto mau des- 
titution. Russia has no strength 
left for such an explosion, uid 
there is none in the ofifing. 

The so-called economic re- 
forms — Mikhail Gorba- 
chev's from 1987 to 1990. 
then Boris Yeltsb's from 
1992 to 1995 — are part of (he 

Having noisily proclaimed 
the slogan of p e t e sao ika. Mr. 
Gorbachev was probably con- 
cerned with smoothly trans- 
ferring party personnel into 
the new economic structure 
and safeguardbg the party's 
own fiin&. 

He took no steps to create 
small- and middle-level pri- 
vate manufacturing, but be did 
wreck the system of vertical 
and horizon^ links m the ex- 
isting economy. In that way be 
oper^ the to economic 
chaos, a process fuither im- 
proved 1^ Yegor Gaidar's 
“reform*'' and Anatoli Chu- 
bais's "privatizatioiL'' 
Genuine reform is a co- 
ordinated, systematic effort 

combbbg numerous mea- 
sures aimed at a sbgle goal. 
But firom 19^ oo no such 
program was ever declared. 
InsiiMd there were two sep- 
arate utions, which were not 
coordinated with each other, 
let alone with the economic 
benefit of the country. 

was Mr. Gaidar's **lfl> 
eralizbg of prices' ’ m 19S>2. 
The lack of any competitive 
eavironmem meant that mo- 
nopolistic producers could in- 
flate costs of production while 
at the same time reduemg its 
volume and tbe outlays for it 
This SOTt of ' ' reform*' quickly 
bepn to destroy production 
and, for much of the popu- 
lation. made consumer goods 
and many food items piwb- 
itively expensive. 

Tbe oAer action was the 
frenzied privatization cam- 
paign. Tbe campaign's firat 
was tile govemmect's is- 
suing of vouchers to each ett- 

I»ises, bcludbg some gigant- 
ic ones. Those enterprises 
ended up b private 
Most of the new owners are 
people seeking easy profit, 
who have no experience of 
production and no desire to 
acquire any. 

Russia’s economic chaos is 
m^ worse by oi;gaoized 
crime, which, never nipped b 
the bud, is constantly stealing 
tbe country blind and accu- 
mulating enormous new cap- 
ital. The gap between the rich 
and the impoverished major- 
ity has now assumed propor- 
tions unlike anytiung seen b 
the West or m prerevolution- 
axy Russia. Each year no less 
thim S25 billira flows abroad 
bt^rivate accounts. 

The desmictive course of 
events m the last decade has 
come about because the gov- 

ernment, while ineptly iroit- 
ating foreign moders, has 

izen that supposedly repres- 
ented his "snare" m bU the 

national wealth accumulated 
under the Communists. In 
reality, the total value of all 
the vouchers represented only 
a small fraction of] percent of 
that wealth. 

The second step was tbe 
sell-off, not to say giveaway, 
of a multitude of state enter- 

completeiy disregarded the 
country's creativity and par- 
ticular character as well as 
Russia's centuries-old spiritu- 
al and social traditions. 

Only if those pstiis are freed 
up can Russia be delivered 
from its near fatal coi^tioiL 

The writer won the 1970 
Nobel Prize in Literature. This 
comment was translated from 
the Russian for The New York 
Times by Richard Lourie. 

Ae European Vtdoo must be 
made bio a collective great 
power equivaJeot to the United 
Stales, and a connterwei^ to 
Anxrica m world alSBirs.Tbeir 
version of political “realism" 
says that b me long term Europe 
has to look after its own m- 
terests; the Umted States is not 
gobg to do it for them. While 
America is an ally, it is auto- 
matically a pitiless «™wigrrial 
and economic competitor. 

Tbe other major powers b 
Europe do not think as tiie 
French think. That is tiie real 
source of Irance's pessimism. 

But Americans perhaps do 
not sufficiently tqjfiigreciate that 
tbe other Europeans ncmethe- 
less do not think as Americans 
diink, DOT calculate their own 
future m the way Americans 
might calculate h. That is why 
tbe future of the trans-Atlantic 
relationship contains more un- 
certabties than Washbgton (or 
Bonn, L<«doa and Tbe Ihigue) 
even now may realize. 

However, Washingteo cur- 
rently has tbe best ^ tbe ar- 
guing with ftance. The French 
government provoked a suc- 
cessful shift b Western policy b 
Bosnia b the summer of 1^. 
Its foreign policy initiatives 
since have proved miscalculated 
or unsustamabie: at tbe Unit^ 
Nations, m Africa, m NATO, 
probably m tbe ^Cddle East 

More onpmaot, the French 
have failed to convince the otii- 
er Europeans that Eurojjc 
should take charge of hs ovra 
future. That is the failure cru- 

cially responsible for a pro- 
ibund pesshnism, and some bit- 
teioess, cunently expressed iiL. 
foreign policy cuctes m Paris. 

TTie bead of the French equi- 
valent of tbe U.S. Council on 
PoreigQ Relations lecently 
wrote that the 21st century 
might indeed prove to be more ' 
of an American century than 
was the 20th. The writer, Thi- 
eiry de Monforial, went on to 
say that after Eiffope's wars and 
internal crises b this century, 
there could be worse fates timn 

Americqn rin minarift n 

However, he stdd that an “es- 
sential Quezon is tiiat ^ 
United States cmrently seems 
teinp^ to abuse its dominant 
position" — referring to polit- 
ical and trade unilateraiism and 
to America's “mdiffinence to 
bternational law, alien to its 
political culture.’’ He also 
noted a taste for “btimidation 
and diktat" revealed m the 
strug^e over Boutros Bou&os 
Gfa^s second term. 

He expressed a pessimism 
‘which, to an extent, has always 
been part of french political 
culture, but which ha« on 
a peculiar bteosity today. 
There has always been a beliCT 
b France tiiat optimism is not 
bteUectually serious, that op- 
timists are those who do not 
understand the problem. TbeieJ. 
hasc^u^y been a stubborn de- 
termination to stand alone 
and that contrasts with the 
present mood m Paris. 

huentation^ Heratd Tribune. 

O tos Angeles Tunes Syndieae. 

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1897 : Fighting It Out 

NEW YORK — Mr. Ola- 

rovsky, the Russian Consul Gen- 
eral h^ announces that be win 
shoot on sight de 

Toulouse-Lautrec, who m tom 
threatens to cane the Consul 
General for lefusiite to fight a 
duel on account of his having 
called the count “a liar, adven- 
turer and scoundrel". Cbmte de 
Toulouse-Lautrec was yesterday 
[Jan. 6] held for trial on the 
charge of attempting to shp ot a 

economic oonferaqcg^ includ- 
ing Germany and Russia, was 

of this ’conforeiice. 
Midc from the general econom- 
ic t'^DSini^on of Europe, is 
to tog back Russia bto the 
tanuly of ruttions. 

•: tt . . 1 

.. A 

1947; Black Market 



1922: A New Europe 

CANNES — Europe 
tionably is on the thresboId‘L*. 4 ». 
of a new economic and po&ticai 
era. This is to be matked by the 
elimination of tbe line \^cfa 
since the war has been dividing 
victors and vanquished arid has 
ke^ them fighting of 

actii^ together economicafly. 
Tbe idea of a general European 

PARI S— New sftipport iot 

PTCmier Leon Blum’s sweecnDg 

Committee » 

w««grouna Committee » 
Black Mariasc,’’ as the 
^ons police siiengtfaeoed 

the AmoTcan ’^<*ain" letter’ 
iz®®* ™ Conunmee’s membeis 
S five 

«™e^askiiig them to promise 
^to buy on the black maiket, 
*0 report to pnit^ an vi- 
olators of&Bluifd^ " 

I <;i 



x^utib ^ 


IDemocrats Should Fight 
jA Balanced Budget Push 

By E. J. Diunne Jn 

■■ lii-.' 

tTy Democrats stand for any> 
teg? Well find out eariy in d& 
^Mgress. when the balanced 
ovdgec amendment' comes to a 
If Democrats cave to polit- 
' pFCKuie. and let dns thing 
igh, little else they do for the 
of the Congress matter. 

I The balanced budget amend- 
nent is, on its face, a simj^ idea: 
ft would a provisioD to the 
V*S. Constitution' requiring 
^ogress enact balanced 
budgets. To run any son of de- 
ficit, Congress would have to 
nuster a three-fifths* majority. - 
I _ Ri^t off. the. top, tins should 
^ die idea. Fair iqore than two 
centuries, the United States gov- 
^nmeot has ran its fiscal afiaiis- 
by majority rale: The tystenthas 
wisely stayed away &om **su- 
Fcrmajoiities** fc»' shortterm 
measures. It has required them 
only for hazd-ttMevoke de- 
oisions, sudras iqipFOvizig tteai- 
or amending the constitution. 
^ j Majority Ttile didn’t get in tiie 

If you mistrust 
Whskittgton, you 
should he petroled 
iiy this amendment . 

way of fiscal sanity. On the con- 
ttaiy, until maisers budget^ 
a«at bayawm the 1980s, Amex- 
ioa was aiaifaer-pnideot countty. 
The big deficits came during war- 
time. Otherwise, tiiey tended to 
be moderate, and tile govenunent 
(^en managed a surplus. 

- ’ If you mistnist the way Wasb- 
ibjfon w(«ks, you should be pet- 
rified by this amendment As- 
sume a year in which thoe is an 
economic downtnm. Govern- 
ment revenues drop and most 
teorepeoplevindiufiQgfis^ con- 
^etvaiives, agree that nmning a 
modest would be better 

than alashmg evetythii^ A will- 
fiil minoiity of two-^hs plus 
one could Iteld iq> tile budget and 
demand anytiti^g it ideased as the 
price for a budget with a small 
defidL This is good govezmneni? 
The opportunities for tile worst 
of ^recial interest pcditics 
would be Inzntless. 

The pemise tiiat a hafanr«t 
budget IS always good proposes 
that America foget eveijduDg its 

learned since the Great Depres- 
rion about Ice^nng the economy 
steady. It has avoided de- 
nessioQS since die 1930s in part 
bficahse of what are known as 
^automatic stabil^ers*’ f*-* *^***^ 
by goyemment spending. When 
. ‘recessiems hit, government ex- 
penditures go up for swrh thiwgg 
as nnen^loymeot coinpensation, 
health care and the irfp- Some- 
times the Congress prmpe up 
public woolcs spending to get 
things moving. Those expenmt- 
ures put new. liie bttk- into the 

Congress’s trouUe in the last 
decade and a half pairing bal- 
anced budgets is no excuse for 
inflictiqg economic foolishness 
on ever^iody else. 

Repiudicans shouldn’t even be 
playing around whh te tiiiz^. 
Sete in their ranis 'know & 
Fonner Senahtt’ Marie Hatfield, 
Republican of Oregon, ^owed 
courage in casting the de- 
cisive vote thatirilled the amend- 
ment in the last Congress. Bnt tiie 
ameuihnerit has become R^b- 
lican dogma, so now h's tm to 
Democrats to muster the buA 
the votes to kill the monster. 

A few Democrats supcKxt the 
amendment cb. ptadi^ But 
most who are contemjdaiing a 
vote for it lomw tt’s a mikake and 
contrive all sorts of excuses. 
Since most Democrats are 
already on reccxd as favtKing a 
haian<^ budget, many in tiie 
party argue it shouldn’t 
Its bpdgoaiy. '^message” tw op- 
posing the afnendmeot. Otfa^ 
Democrats figure the ameadmeot 
is Rf^Kihlican demag^gneiy and 
they don’t want to give the Re- 
poblicans an issue by casting a 
“no” vote. So ^*n vote “yes” 
on demagoguery instead. 

For DeiiKKrats to give in to 
sud tiiinkiDg would be an act of 

agtnwinhifig ri»nm i ghtwlfit»S !^ that 
w^d tie the hands of aity future 
Democratic majority. 

Democrats spent aJot of money 
last year argnmg that there are 
tiun^ even worse than a budget 
deficit, such as efiorts to bala^ 
tile bodg^ in tiie wrong way. 
Democrats who made s^ ar- 
gumciits and dicn turn around and 
support the balanced, budget 
amendment will prove fliemselves 
to be even more dangerous dem- 
agogues Aan the R^^ficans. 

WaMngloa PtM 'Writers Crmqt. 

A Snake- Charmed Life in Singapore 

S INGAPORE — As a t«y who 
spent time on farms in Aus- 
tralia, I was taught that the best 
snake is a dead one. The vast 
island-continent, home to such 
pecuUarbut lovable animals as the 
kangaroo and the koala bear, is 
also a breediog ground for some 
of the world’s most venomous 

So when 1 arrived in Singapore 
— a small island-state where 
nearly all of the niginal tropical 


jungle has been replaced by apait- 
ment and office blocks, factories, 
highways and manicured parks 
and ganlens — I did not expect 
any fimher problems vritit 

Botnamie has away of striking 
back Just when mankind thinks 
that It has been lamed, 

1 work out of the converted 
garage of my house, which was 
built in the 1930'$ when Britain 
ruled Singapore and its armed 
forces set aside extensive parks 
for officer housing. 

When the British military 
pulled out in 1971, these oases of 
grass, trees and winding lanes in 
what was already one of the most 
rapidly urbanizing and industri- 
ali 2 iQg countries on earth were 
handed to the Singapore govern- 
ment Its agencies rent^ the 


Russian Beality 

Regarding “In Fact, Russians 
Are Deep in Terrible Tragedy" 
(Opinion, Dec. 13) by S/e^n F. 

Mr. Orfieo has coosistentiy at- 
tacked Boris Yeltsin and tbe 
policies Preform Mr. Yeltsin has 
represented ever since the 
Gocbachev-Yelcsb showdowns 
of 1991. By clanmng that the trao- 
riticra to a free maiket economy 
has been “an endless coUqise of 
everytiiing essential for a decent 
existence, Nfr. Cohen implies 
mistakenly that the collapse 
began (Xily with tbe emergence of 
gnieda anW the (fiasolutiod of the 
Soviet Umon in 1991. But tiie 
reverse is true: (ttily because of the 
ooUsqrsc of the dd tystem did 
Russia emerge and begin Che hah- 
ing tiansitiMi to a more demo- 
cratic sodety and moe market- 
oriented ecooemy. 

The experioioe of Poland, the 
Czech Rqpiblic and Hungary, all 

of whan haireretuined to growth, 
shows that Russia needs a greater 
pace of reform, not less. If Mr. 
Coben himself among 

tixrse “who understand that there 
were less costly and more humane 
ways to reform Russia than have 
been Mr. Yeltsin's shock mea- 
sures,” then he could do tbe worfd 
afavorby elucid^ing those better 
ways, rather than hinting daridy 
tiiat members of the American 
establishment are igooing or 
even suppressing bad news about 
Russia's reality. 



Regarding “NATO Acts to 
Soothe Moscow on Expansion" 
(Dee. II). 

Why tiiouM NATO be e:q»n- 
ded? Ita fact, vriiy should h exist at 
all, now that the Cold War is over? 
R nnarVs of ganging up against 
Russia. And why is Russia not 
offered full membership, instead 
of being fottiied oS %ritb talk of 

“partneaship”? The issue will 
cause a naiimalist backlash in 
Russi^ which will be good for the 
arms iiidiistiy but bad for Europe. 

NATO itself could cause a fault 
line not only between the United 
States and its European allies on 
tiie oie hand, and Russia on the 
other hand, but also within the 
Europe Union between those 
countries tiiat are members of 
NATO and those chat have no 
wish to be members (Austria, Fln- 
laod, Ireland and Sweden). 

It is true that NATO has found a 
new lease of life Ity being peace- 
keeper in Bosnia, but the Western 
European Union would have been 
more appropriate for that If it 
could not have coped with that 
task, then it should be 
strengthened, because there will 
presiunably he other such ethnic 
conflicts in Europe in the future, 
and we cannot always call ia the 
Americans to settle them for us. 



By Michael Richardson 

houses out, mainly to foreigners. 

1 have lately discovered that 
one of the reasons Singaporeans 
are disinclined to rent such places 
— apart from their reputation as 
being haunted — is die preval- 
ence of snakes. 

The old British military quar- 
ters have become wildlife 
refiiges. Most of the creatures are 
colorful, melodious companions: 
birds such as baibets, golden ori- 
oles, bee-eaters, sunbiras, frfieas- 
ant coucals, dollar birds, wood- 
peckers and nightjars. 

But it is hard to feel so af- 
fectionate abrat the raakes that 
seek sanctuary in the ]iark where 
we live. 

One morning not long ago, I 
came down to my office to find a 
grass snake curi^ up at the bot- 
tom of the large wideer basket 1 
use for waste paper. The person 
who cleans the office bad re- 
moved tbe paper by hand but had 
evidently not seen the snake, 
which continued to slumber on 
peacefully until I dropp^ it back 
into the grass on tbe far side of the 
lane that runs past our house. 

If people tell you that snakes 
can’t fly. don't believe them. I 
was sitting at my desk, stone cold 
sober on abright sunny day. look- 
ing out tbe open door onto the 
garden when an object, rather like 
a small flying saucer. landed with 
a splat on the grass. 

I blinked, rose and went to in- 
spect There, coiled up, was a 
paradise tree snake, not even win- 
ded after its semiglide down from 
the roof about 20 feet above. 

I figured out what must have 
happened. We had some me cut- 
ters in about a week before to trim 
branches that were touching the 
roof. Hiis must have left the 
snake stranded on higji with no 
way down — except to fly. 

Another fre^pient visitor to our 
garden is a beuitifiil green snake 
that is the color of young rice 
plants. It uses our garden fence to 
get from tree to tree. 

I never try to barm these snakes 
as none of them is aggressive or 
seriously venomous. 

But the cobra is a different 
matter. Its Mte can be dndly. SSo 
when my wife told me that there 
was a four-foot black cobra in the 
back garden. 1 grabbed a heavy 
stick and rushed to the rescue. 

The snake was fiilly exposed 
on a bare embankment — a re- 
latively easy target for my stick. 
But instead of striking. I hesit- 

ated, mesmerized by its slow, 
sinuous movemeoL 

Altiiough dearly aware of our 
presence, tile cobra seemed to be in 
no hurry to escape. Its hood ex- 
tmided slightly as it moved away 
up die slope, as if giving me a 
subtle warning of its power and 

I remembered, then, tbe twin 
stone balustrades, each carved in 
the shape of a naga — tiie many- 
headed cobra of Indian and 
Khmer legend — guarding the 
entrance to the ancient Cambod- 
ian temple of Angkor WaL 

The jungle, almost silent in the 
oppressive heat of the day, had 
come to life in tbe relative cool- 
ness of the late afternoon- It 
echoed with the sound of birds, 
insects and monkeys. 

It was 1982. A years earli- 
er, Vietnam had occupied Cam- 
bodia to crush the Khrner Rouge. 

Behind us, a group of Viet- 
namese soldiers in ill-fitting 
khaki uniforms, pith helmets and 
caps clambered down from the 
bwk of an army truck. They, too, 
were visiting the Angkor Wat for 
the first time. 

Tbe temple and hs towers were 
a marvelous sight in tbe evening 
as die licben-encnisteti sandstone 
glowed pink, reflecting tbe color 
of tbe sinking sun. 

At midday, under tbe full 
strength of tbe sun. tiie impres- 
sion the Angkor Wat left was 
sharper, like an intricate etching 
on stone. 

Throughout the slow- 
moving ox carts — their big, met- 
al rimmed wooden wheels creak- 
ing and raising clouds of dust — 
carried peasant families, bundles 
of wool vegetables and rice 
ihrou^ the forest past the 

There was a timeless quality 
about that place 

“Why on earth didn’t you kill 
the cobra?” my wife asked, 
sounding both surprised and 
angry. “You know it could kill 
our ^gs or spit venom into their 
eyes. And what about our 

She was right, of course. Bui 
the cobra had vanished into a 
patch of shadowy undergrowth 
beneath a palm tree halferay up 
the embanlment. 

“You know I haven’t been 
feeling well.” I repU^ lamely. 
“I’m in no fit shape to be sure of 
killing a cobra.” 

It was true that 1 was still re- 
covering from food poisoning. But 
that was only part of the ttuih. 

littemaipnai HeraU Tribune. 


fi Vinerifi 

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• -.•> ' 

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.V ^ 

^ feb 24 , 25 , 26, 1997 Paris, France 


eco-logiques strategies 

An lirteraatlonal conference on strategic tools, plans and 

thinking about environment as a component 
of competitWity; for industry and government 

Dayi Policy in the making 
Day 2 Programs - Case studies 
Days Cutting-edgetechniques 

Confinned speakers 

Alain inpp|S QRranc^. 
YbsMfumi'Csuji Oapan). 

Allan Kupds (Canada, 

Darid BuzzelD OJSA). 

Fmnck Riboiid. (Eranc^ 

Dr waiter Jatobi 

EiCng Lorentran (Braril/UJO. 
Klaus Tbpfer (Germany). 

. Brice Lalonde 0Pianc^> 

Mikhaei Potifilvanov QJkiafiie), 
ODvi» teisel (pianc^, 

phaipBL watts (U-iO. 

BM.Long (OECD/USA). 

Corinne Lepage O^c^. 

. Marius Enthoven 

Dr-Ing Wolfgang HoUey 

}ohn Resdar (US^p 
' CWSastOlS^. 

. jean^ianco^ Bensabel (Franck. 
BiadA^e^ (USA). 

. Hiittyuiq ^mura Oapan), 

DF Wem^ Ftilffhaim CteHnanylp 
juUo VetascQ (AigeiitimO, 

Tom Hayden 0JSA),p 

T. >fen Santen (France)p 
Taldhiko Ota Qapan), 

Jacques Vernier (France). 
Flora Lewis CFrance/USA), 
Anne-Marie Boutin (fianc^, 
Frances.C^mcross OJ-lOi 
Mark Hertsgaard (USA), 
Fabienne Goux-Baudhnent 

Tadahiro Mitsuhashl OapaiO. 
Ibdd Grtttin (USA). 
jacqueOne Alois! de Laiderel 

Bettina Lavitle prance), 

Don Triton (USA), 

Francois Feissinger (Franck 
Michel Ogrizek (franco, 
Bernard Tramier (Franc^, 
Philippe Lameloise (France). 
Lida Bottura (jFrance/lt^) 

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Martha Moguldom : 
How Far WiU It Go? 

More Upsizing in Domestic Arts 

By Linda Hales 

I9SK) when pemle began to 
suspect Martoa Stewart 
bad designs on the uni- 
verse. Caricatured in a New Yorker 
cartoon, the hi^ priestess of home- 
ma^ng was portraj^ staging a formal 
dinner on Man, Sunday branch on Pluto 
and an ** Ultra-Perfect Christmas Feast 
for 200 in Alpha Centauri System." 

The cartoonist’s lampoon may mly 
have been premature: Stewart is poised 
for liftoff. 

The first lady of domestic arts is 
already considered a megabrand of 
more than national dimension. Her life- 
style empire is reput^ to be worth $200 
million. She is busy upsizing with a 
name — Martha Stewart Living Om- 
nimedia — that suggests omnipresence 
to come. Also on the horizon, a global 
fmssenoe via die ZmeraeL 

Earth to Martha: Wilt soufflds rise in 

Declared one of the year’s 10 Most 
Fascinating People last month by the 
television personality Barbara Waters. 
Stewart lierself set the imagination 
rolling in November. In a speech at the 
National Press Club here, slU described 
her expanc^g "mini-moguldom" of 
television programs, books, the glossy 
Mait^ Stewart Living magazine and a 
growing niunbn of pmucts under her 
name. It is. she said, *’a fascinating 
place . . . concerned with a v^ fine 
subject called living — a subjea that 
has no limits whatsoever." 

"We have thought of everything; we 
have lots of things coming," she added 
widi enough vagueness to set c^queries 
on wheth^ she planned to open 
boutiques or issue stock. ("No" to tbe 
first, "possibly" to the second. "We 
love the stock markeL") Such com- 
ments also are enough to worry brand 
and positionii^ specialists, who fear 
that fiuKe Martha will not automatically 
be merrier. Though as golden as Ralph 
Lauren today, they say, her name-brand 
image could easUy tarnish with over> 
exposure and be^ a descent as classic 
as that of Pierre Cardin. 

For now. Stewart’s lofty sense of pos- 
sibiliN enables her to consider whipping 
up a Tobler chocolate souffle at 15,000 
feet on Kilimwjaro with fellow adven- 
turers Blaine Trump and Shson Boge. 

By Belle Yang. 305 pages. 

$35. Harcoun Brace. 

Reviewed by Helen Mitsios 

P ART folk narrative, pan docutain- 
ment, "The Odyssey of a Man- 
churian" is tbe second installment of 
Belle Yang's tlvee-part retelling of her 
father's life story. Readers familiar 
with die first volume — "Baba: A 
Return to C hina Upon Father's 
Shoulders," publish^ in 19M — will 
recall Yang^s fanciful tendering of 
Baba's (Chinese for father) childhood 
of the 1930s and '40s in war-tom Xin- 
min, Manchuria. 

"The Odyssey of a Manchurian" 
picks up the stoiy. Kcaresque Baba is 
on tbe road a gain, moving from one 
adventure to & next Yang recounts 
her father’s 1,000-mile flight through 
mainland China and to Taiwan amid 
clashes between Communist and Na- 
tionalist forces. In Taiwan, in a Broad- 
way-mosical kind of courtship, he 
meets and marries Yang’s mother, they 
are safe on tbe island that evaded Com- 
munist takeover in 1950 with U.S. sup- 

Yang retains tbe colo^l format of 
her previous book. Baba’s Journey is 
p^ierweigttted with Chinese lore and 
legend. It is a hodgepodge of family 
members, kindbemted sluqskeepets. 

By Robert Byme 

I N Gara Kamsky’s Intemadtxia] Chess 
Fsderation match with Anafoli Karpov 
in Russia, the Brooldyn grandmasierpro- 
knged games with no content in diem, 
presum^ly to take advantage of his 23- 
year age a^antage. That was reasonable 
pragmatic strategy, even tbough it did not 
pan ouL Kaipov was fuigued, bur lie did 
not crack. 

Later, in die championship mumamoit 
the Kamsltian schei^ was broadened to 
an extreme. Not only did the younger 




Posifloo after 17 ... BdS 


greedy soldiers, Buddhist monks, pretty 
and chaste girls, starving peasants and 
students who are even hungrier than tbe 
pes^ts, ail against a backdrop of Con- 
focian moiety. 

Baba's tale is divided into 20 stories, 
each hovering about a central motif. 
The stories ate counterbalanced by 
Yang's occasional black-and-white ps- 
pereut works, as well as whirling pamt- 
mgs that preface each of the tales, with 
farm animals and people topsy-turvy 
on the p^. Yang avoids using clas- 
sical Chinese perspective that erases 
the line of the horizon; her tone is faux- 
naif, revisiting tbe Chirrese folk art yi- 
ORZi \ritfa its Mght colors and flat sur- 

Some of tbe stories resonate mote 
than others. "Tbe Barefoot Princess" is 
a curious blend of travel literature and 
fairy tale, with not one but three base- 
foot princesses. Here Baba takes a short 
hiatus from his travels and settles down 
for a few years to teadi Mandarin 
Chinese to the local aborigines. 

‘ ‘A White Cabbage Butterfly' ' is one 
of the strong tales in tbe volume — a 
scary, Haveuan min^e of petty bureau- 
cracy and corrupt power. A Communist 
soldier waylays mnocent Baba, suspect- 
ing he’s a Natitmalist "Talk! 
You're a spy, aren't you? Confess. Ah, 
so you w(» 't talk . . . your silence proves 
your guilt" While in jail. Baba dreams 
about catchy a white butterfly when 
be was a child. Though tianspatem, the 


^yers try to wear down the old ones, 
older ones tried to wear down tbe 
younger ones, tbe ones in the middle tried 
to wear down eveiyone else and diere 
wne some tactk^y ^nriding gems here 
and there. One sw± was the Round 1 1 
raune between the grandmasters Dmitri 
Gurevich and Aiesuder Sbabalov. 

Tbe English Defense can bectHne 
tricky and surreal against ambitious 
duTists like 4 e4. Thus, in a Vaganian- 
Teske game, in Germany last year. 
4...Bb7 5 f3 f5 ef Nh6!? 7 fc Nf5 8 Ne2 
0-09Qd3Qb4 lOKdl de 11 a3Bc3 12 
bcNc6 13Qe4(^ l4Qc2Rad8 15Ng3 
Rd4! gave Black the upper hand. Yet 
Chirevicfa pnsfeired to let the game trans- 
pose into a Nimzo-lndian Defense, Ru- 
binstem Variation, after the conserva- 
tive 4 c3 Bb7SNge2. 

To posbxxie exdiaiKing bishop for 
kniglu with 6..Ba5 aiMthen to present 
White with a tempo by 7 Bd2 Bc3 8 6c3 
was unwise. It also put Gurevidi's queen 
bishop on an exoellat diagonal that was 
quickly opened by 9 dc. 

Sbabalov sb^d not have let 
Gurevich's 11 Be2! provoke him info an 
adventure with 1 1. ..Bg^ But perhaps he 
judged that a quiet positional game witii 
the alternative ll...Qe7 12 0-0 Nbd7 
would favor his oppooeiu. 

Sbabalov could also have been count- 
ing on rallying to 13 NhS! by l3,.J^e4, 

15 Bf6§? IS 



(who survived to chronicle the expe- 
rience in Forbes). Or to oEfer instructions 
for making a holiday wreatii that re- 
quires the gilding by hand of 90 acoms. 
Or to string 14.^ Christmas lights for 
aonuai television holiday extravag- 
anza, which year starred Miss Piggy 
and the haskethall superstar Michael 

Wildly successful on Earth, Stewan 
has dusted die planet witii domestic 
perfection since her first book. "En- 
tertaining." was issued in 1982. Nine 
subsequent volumes illustrating her ver- 
sion of homekeeping as high art — or. 
beleaguered working women have com- 
plained, how to create tbe most elab- 
orate, costly a^ guilt-inducing party, 
nieaL garden or wedding — are reach- 
ing uidjences in Britain, France, Ger- 
many. the Netherlands arid Japan. 

Thus, the Martha Stewart stray ^ 
become as fiamiiinr as the smiling. stiU- 
blond-at-55 image tiiat permeates hra 
pubUcatioos. Born Martha Kostyiau tiiis 
Polish-American from suburban New 
Jersey mastered the an of Uviog af^ 
studying European and architectural his- 
tory at Barnard College and succeeding 
as a stockbroker in brown velvet hot 

Before earning such titles as the diva 
of domesticity or even the dominatrix, 
Stewart formed a catering business on 
the Connecticut Gold Coast. She 
presides over three photogenic houses 
plus an apartment in Manhattan, wears 
Armani, Ralph Lauren and Prada and 
frequently exults. "It’s a good tfamg." 
Her daughter. Alexis, has established 
her own fashionable presence witii a 
hotel and shop in the Hamptons. 

I N other words, virtually every 
Stewart enterprise has been chron- 
icled as a success, except for 
Martha’s marriage to Andy Stew- 
ed who left her after 27 years. The 
divorce was acrimonious; she still re- 
coils at tite name Andy. 

Not everyone Is overjoyed by Stew- 
art's prescription for graceful living, 
wUch inclu^ a reported 40 sets of 
dishes at Turkey Hill Farm, her Federal- 
style house in Connecticut. While she 
says she's "trying to disseminaie as 
much good infoimatioo as possible" 
about homemaldng. critics her ex- 
hortations to perfection and extravag- 
ance little more than wretched excess. 

. Two nei^bots have parodied her with 

_ 1 4- 

\ (if'f'"*' fe^4■P: 

I fir Twi I 

! Aivki. '■ 

t)6/f Tirjef f 


^ nt- ’ 

' .. 3 • 

* '• r 

Martha Stewart with Miss Piggy on 

amagazioe. "Is Martha Stuart Uvmg?" 
and a book, "Martha Stuart's Better 
Than You at Entertaining." Her tougft 
retort: "I could have done h better." 

Martha watchers have always been as 
interested in her business acumeD as in 
her recipe for Valentine's Day raspbrary 
tart. They are focused on bex relation- 
ship with Time Warner, which provided 
tile financial muscle to launch Martha 
Stewart Living magazine, now at a cir- 
culation of two miliioiL For tbe jast five 
years, Stewart has been "a consultant" 
in the veoture built on her name. She is 
currently "in discussions over tiie 
nature m their paitnersfaip," accrading 
toherspcAeswooian, with an aimounce- 
mect expected early this year. 

However the panoership tussles end, 
beginniqg in September. American tele- 
vision viewers will be able to commuiK 
with Martha literally morning, noon and 
ni^t, as she adds a frill menu of weekday 
programming to late-night renms and 
biweekly spots on NBC's morning 
Today show. 

As fra* the Internet, "We do not have 
our own ivesence rai it now," she ac- 
knowledged, "but we wilL We are de- 
velofring a very interesting program 
callra ‘Ask Martha,’ which will be an 
outgrowth of our newspaper column, 
‘Ask Martha,’ and our radio program, 
which will start very shortly, called 
‘Ask Martiia.' " 

When will it come to a World Wide 
Web sitenear you?.Sony,you*ll have to 

Ibd EtaWraS. Dnwilgby a QBM/ei9907ta Ne« Ysit(( 

the TV special ‘^Martha Stewart's Home for the Holidays'' part of her ever-widening homemaking empire. 

metafdior manages nonetheless to en- 
gaffi. Baba plays with the butterfly: 
* ‘He rao back out into the Noftb Gardrai 
witii tbe creature cupped in his hands. 
He heaved it into the air, hoping with all 
his heart that it would take flight It 
plunged, ^liialing down like a white 
petel." Eventually, the butterfly (read: 
Baba) manages to fly, soaring into the 
heavens above and away from all 
worldly coocerns. 

fe Baba always manges to re- 
bound, mudi like Roadrunner in the 
American cartoon. One of the more 
troublesome a^iects of the book is hs 
predictability. Another is its lack of 

Were Baba a Chinese Everym^ 
perhaps he would have the conviction 
of a revolutionary or the smol^ring 
hatred of a peasant toward the natus 
quo. Perhaps he'd be less milquetoast 
and more human. But Yang is too much 
the dutiful daughter to detect any of 
Dad's shortcomings. Instead, ha* fin- 
ger is on the toggle key, switching back 
and forth between Bdn as martyr and 
Baba as escape artist. For sill his 
worldly experience and for all of 
Yang's adept storytelluig, he remaiiis a 
one-dimensional kind of guy. 

Helen Mitsios, a co/tfrihuting ediror as 
New Asia Pac^c Review and the editar 
of "New Jt^tanex Voices: The Bess Con- 
temporary Fiction From Japan," wrote 
this for The Washington Post. 

Rg8 Ke7 19 Qd2 pitt Gurevich ahead 
wm a rook for a knight and posituaal 

On 15 Bp7. Shabalov could not play to 
sinndify wm 15...C^ because GiuevKh 
bad available 16 Qd6! IU7 17 ^7 Qs7 
18 0-0-0 Nd7 (or 18..(S6 19 rIi! (^hS' 
20(^Kd821 Bf7Kc722Re8.wimiiiig 
tbe queen) 19 Kf8 20 ($c6 Rb8 21 
Rd2, winning a piece because dK knight 
cannot run without lonng a lotA to 22 

Sbabalov tried for counterplay with 
IS„.(^. but Gurevich charged in witii 
I6Qd6! The point was that a&c 
17 Bf6! R|^ 18 Kd2, there wraild be no 
way to stop the threat of 19 (^7 mate. 

After 16.,.<^ 17 Rdl. Shabalov k^ 
struggling witii 17-BdS. but Gurevich 
hithim 18 Rg4! (^ 19 Bf7! KH 20 

Qc7 Ke8 21 Bfo. Nothing could be dooe 
about the douUe threat of 22 Qal mate 
and 22 BgB mate. Sliabalov gave up. 












11 Be2 


3 NC3 




13 hK 













17 Rdl 





IB Sb4 
19 ^ 


M NB3 




21 BfS 


ask Martha, who was ^lending the hol- 
idays in Eg]^ and said to be unp r e pai ed 
tocommenL She did cbD in tote office 
last week to marvel over te p^ect 
view friom a hotel room overlooking tbe 

T rend watchers scour the stars 
for evidence that the Stewart 
luster will fade, be dfluted by 
overexposure, or at least feD to 
translate in tbe glob^ arena. "It be- 
comes a question sometimes of how 
much oor^ people have Co spend," 
says Qieri De Lu^ who handtes frv- 
ete editions of Stewan’s books for tbe 
publisher Qarkson N. Ifoiter. She sees 
Stewart as a marketable proposidoo in 
‘ ‘the G-7 countries." 

Last August, Fortune rwtgaxine de- 

scribed te as the "woiid's No. 1 Itvii^ 
m^abtaod." But luely. some have be- 
gun to wonder wfaetixr flitianras with 
mmpani^y as Minute-hfeid, 
(xodiices orange juice from conoenttaie, 
and the retaOer K-mait may lead to con- 
friaoQ about te imy. as apurveyor 
high-qual^ domestic aits, 'mthout fo- 
cus. they warn, Stewart could slide. 

"Martha Stuart has wideqaead ap- 
pte, but cle^y not universal appeaL" 
said Rajeev Ba^ associate professor of 
marketing at the University of Mlcfaigtei 
Setooi cd Business: He warned of "a 
clear dangv as she extends heisdf in 
more media, more ventines and be- 
comes more omnipresem'* that she will 
violate the rale of scarcity. 

So fer, the proof may be in tiie tarte 
tatin. The Preiteb tegnage edition of 

"Martha Stewart’s Pies and Tarts" 
("La Passirai des Tarter" Flammari.-; 
cm), was into its fourth printing as 1996 
drew to a close. A compendium <d lav-i 
ishly photographed traditional recipesf 
for croustades and siiaple 

t a r t es, it has all the appeal of die fiii^ 
patisserie vitrioe. Tnist the French 
ai^xectate what Stewart has bera trying' 
to sell to te AmericaD aocfleoce: q 
certain quality of tife. . . J 

. "It's going fo be more diffic^ tsi 
ftTpand as an internaticmal icon,” said 
tte global brand exp^ Clay Thaon c^. 

Associates in San Francisco. 
"But who knows? The bastion of deam 
and good taste could just fidl fra'ba. ’ , 

^ -I 

Linda Hales is home and design ed* 
itor cfThe Wa^ungton Post. 7 


Weird and Wonderful Furniture 

By Rita Reif 

Yeri Tmtef Service 

N EW YORK ~ For 20 years, 
the New York art dealer Al- 
lan Stone has collected the 
weirdly wonderful furniture 
of Aniottio Gaudi, the tom-of-tiie-ceO' 
tury architect who trans- 

fonned Barcelona’s skyline with-^bis 
stone and non fantasies. 

Long before Stone bought any 
pieces of Gaudi's furnihne. he was 
haunted by tbe images of Gaudi build- 
ings he framd in bc^cs: tbe huge stair- 
case bending upward like a serpent in 
tize Casa \Qa apartment farai^ the 
roof of tbe Casa BatOo, arched and 
th^y plated with tiles like tbe back 
of a rearing dragon, aiul tbe toipedo- 
shaped towers of die Sagrada Famflia 
church, a maze of color-splashed tur- 
rets topped by kncAiby crosses. 

"Bareelooa was an et^erience for 
me," Stone said of his first trip in 
1S91. "Until I saw tbe azdutecture in 
3-D,Idida’t get tiie whole sense of the 
man and his work. I got a tremendous 
uplift f rom tbe Sagrada Faxnilia; it's 
simply breathtaking. Once you see 
Gmidi's buildings, you undecsiand 
how well tbe fru&ure fits.” 

The fumioire works in tbe rooms 
that Gaudi created because be repeated 
the patter of the rippling walls, 
dom^ ceilings and undulafnig door- 
urays 'm shaping his chairs, chens, 
clocks, mirrors and chandetes. He 
also eoricbed the surfaces of his fiir- 
nitiire with carved ireves, paiiited 
flowers and abstract cutouts. Even the 

iron grilles, with their tqrider-web pat- 
terns, were in harmoDy witii their sur- 


Over tbe years Stone aoqidred be;- 
tween 35 ai^d 40 pieces of (Sauih's 
frimiluie, much of ntiiicfa was produced 
by Joan Busquets. Uotil receii^. Stone 
bad held on to most of it Half of his 
coUectioa is on display- through January 
in "Gaudi and Busquets" athis gaUeiy 
on &st 90cfa StieeL 

Several pieces in the show are 
splendid, even sumptuous in scale and 
materials, like tbe ^ded enviroomeat 
coinposed of a settee;, nurrois arid cab- 
inets, or the gold-ieaied j^duhim 
clock, as ornate as any at Versailles; 
that rate museum curator said "looked 
like it was melting on the walL" 

E arly Caodi fumiture is as 
neo-Goduc as his Sagi^ Fa- 
milia cfanrch, on be 

wodeed from 1883 until his 
death at age 73 in 1926, never fin- 
ishing it (The work to complete it is 
still going OSS ttiday.) 

Im later wrak sprouted Baroque 
figures of beasts, bii^ and angels, as 
well as rococo laves and shells. ICs 
furniture contirined the same mix of 
periods and styles. But Gaudi’s forms 
go well beyond the Gothic, baroque 
and rococo styles that inspir^ them. 

Four years ago, after a heart attadc, 
Stone decided to begm selli^ his col- 
lection. "1 started i&cing dis^ce be- 
tween me and all tiiese things," be 
said. "1 realized there’s no time to 
pa^ aixl you can't take your favorite 
objects wife you." 


■ ■ ■■■ X 




% A, 


:::: i 

•nmw' • J 

VT i 

'.IT I 

:*r-. .• { 


Gaudi’s gold-leafed pendulum 
clock, "melting on the wall." 

^ler Plan 


r Rusties (along) 
to Thgy cover 
Highland heads 
IS Mas nuiTiero 

ia Tn a cowslip's 

bed ’TTia 

«a Rotten io the 



EsL 1911, Paris 
*5mijc Roo Doe Noo' 

A Space for Thought. 

a« AuthorO’Brten 
aa Read y far 

M Genealogical 



ae One who counts 
as Perspiration 
pertOTB ltons 
watering can 
aa Khan married (o 
RHa Hayworth 
as Detective 

NDibk style 

as Classic art 
wel^U maybe 


ei’For — sake!' 
highriron diet? 

eeFarni trough 
Bs Dallas school. 

tor short 
as Strip o^'*Kiod 

aaPlomce's river 
ao Destroy 
test, briefly 
•a Warn out with 
•4 Key letter 

1 Vaccuse” 

“ Rra” 

called ”The 


4 Alphabet trio 
a Carolina river 
• MorericTiculous 
T “I Song Go 
Out of My 



AHea's tea party 

10 Popular breath 

11 Loads 
ia Slough 


13 ■^—Morrow 
84 Fads 


as Not at all 

27 Haevene:PraA 


ae cuisine' 

30 Presbyter 
SI Dali loaves 
numbers: Abbr. 
3a Sucked up 
aa Its eye is needed 
in a ‘Maebettt' 
advantage ' 

41 Sophie's Carlo 

48 Quieted 
40 Part of an 
4f Auricles 
SO Lab burner 
ai Hebrides 




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©Neip York Time$/EtUted by WiU Shor^ 

Solution to Puzzle of Jan. 6 ? 

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PAGE 11 



k tt|, » 

^ 4 

li Ka-shing 





t- • • ■ 

^ rwu rfamyftratfftaw rw p rrtw . 

• HONG KONG — Li Karsbiiig oa 

Moih% announced a rdorganization of 
pis Hoog Kong business bcddiDfis dut 
eocM Mm huge stock piwe ihe 
piUionaire investor's flaeshm company 
^nalvstss^ . . 

k The shake-i^ invc^ving enmnanu^ 
ivitfa a combmed marfat ea pfiaTwae rtn ^ 
BS7 tnllion, sbengdieDs h/fr. Li*s coniEol 

. pyerHongKoMflecb^ 

■ ^ s(de proyidv .of dectrid^ in the 
- gdCTiy, and' coaioTidaiRs die road and 
Gemeat interests of Mr. Li*$ n i w eim wnt 
tompany, Chemg Kong (Ifokfings) LtdL, 
under the cootnd an aQQiate conmany. 
HutddsoD Whan^ioaLtd. 

By selling ^ interest in rtiwing 
Kong Infiastnictine Hnlrfingg Ltd.. 
Cheung Kong takes advantage of a 66' 
percent jninp h) oa stock since Mr. Li 

took the company pnhlicmlnly.PurritfjT 
down the coiporate diam , the gains 
from the restnictunng nwy taiw* a few 
years to achieve;. 

“1^ immediate benefit of the re- 
organizadon is the'streamHning of the 
Cheung Kcxig groin's iofrastcuctiire 
business,'* Mr. u said. ‘There will be 
no chan^ in die operadons or man- 
agement of any of the companies.** 

• Tire lestnicoirnffi invdves all foor of 
die group's puUicw traded canpanies: 
dre parent, Qreimg Kong; ito4SpeiceQt' 
held associate, HutdiuaD Whaou^ 
Hong Koi^ Sectric Holdiags and die 

.newest member of the group, Cheung 
RIKong Infrastrucnue Moldmgs Lid 
Trathng in dre Glares of tte four compa> 
flies was su^rended Monday. 

After the reorganizadoo, Cheam g 
Kong will ndsehs stake in Hutchison — 
Hong Kc^*s biggest ctmglomefatB 
with port, tetecommunicatians and re> 
tailing buanesses ; — to S0.2 percent 
from 4S peicenL 

On Iriday, Hutdiison bov^bt Hong 
R(Hig Electiic shares to pudi its holding 
tn the utility to 3SJ)i percent. But die 
purchase exceeded frre ctdmnge's 
takeover thresbold and Hutcfaison was 
forced to make an ctfter to buy all toe 
utility's dares. . 

cbooreto sefi thesstrite to HtednsoD 
via toe genenl ofe, Cheung Kong 2n^ 
frastraonrc plans n> boy as much as IS 
pe r c e nt more of ^ ntili^ witii cas^ 
Hntdbtson would -letani . any l e oi ai nin g 
sbaiM as a long^eom mvestiiienL. 

Analysts reid the' reorganizadoa 
stood to make Ug mmi^ fm share- 
holders in Clremig E(^ inchidiog Mr. 
Li, who with Ins fetqily-owns about 35 
percent of the-pare^ -*Ife's a smart- 
mover rtf assetsat die ns^ivtoe,'* said 
Steve MacNtenee of Seaimco Madin 
SMDiides Hong Krmg Ltd 

. HntfAiiinn ~m«maitwU. ■diniiM malraa 

Oxcqtdooal gams from die sale < tf is 
Hong Kong Qectoc shares to CKL 
'. (Bloomberg, Reuten) 

Caiifomla wmco are increasingly popular... 

U.S. mne safes in /ninfe/is of gallons, by piaoe of origin. 


1 I I I I I 

'87 *88 *91 

...and Kendall-Jaekson has 
risen into the top ranks ... 
LaatSng brands of wine, 
based on US. sales. 


2 Seagram's Cooler 

3 Bartles & Jaymes 

4 Gallo Label 

5 Almaden Voieyards 

Raytheon Buys Unit 
Of Texas Instruments 

Defense Industry Consolidates Further 
With Cash Purchase of Nearly $3 Billion 

6 Cafifomia Cooler 

7 Inglenook 


8 Riunite 


S RIcharcTs Wild Irish Rose 


10 Sun Country 



H 1S95 



1 Carlo Rossi 


2 Gallo Label 


3 Gallo Reserve Cellars 


4 Franzia 9.0 | 

5 Inglenook 


6 Almaden Ymeyards 


7 Sutter Home 


8 Robert Mondavi 


9 Paul Masson 


10 August Sefaastrani 


SoisesK OanCetg, Fne6aeniU.&a9lari: 

Jebeen't M4ru MuMng Hut^ooh flop bmwW 

Joss Jacksm, founder of Kendall-Jackswi, Cafiftneia’s festest-growing wine producer, savors his merloL 

^*^irchison I A Vintner Who Squeezes Out Profit 

tectric Holdioes mddie 

Byl^ankJ. lYial 


S ONOMA, pilifomia — A 
rooster tail of dust bfilos^g 
out bdiind it. the gold Lexus 
climbed into die ragged May- 
acamaK Mountains. “Don’t be 
nervous,** said Jess Jacksc^ {Milling 
deftly dupugh anodrer haiipin turn. “1 
know tins GOUdOy.'* 

He should; it^s toe Ganer Ranch, 
about 75 milM(120 Idkancters) noith 
San Handaco, cme of the last great 
land hoildmgs in Sonoma CounQ>, iriare 
than 5,000 acres (2,000 hect ar es) 
moantams, meadows. and vineya^ 

'^9%at-fre owns is notouig iteu thari 
toe fastest-growing and argpably most 
successfhl wine-makirw business to 
mpear m Cafrfenna in 20 years. 
a1^ acres rtf grapes in die early 1970s. 
be now coutrols more than a dozen 
wineries — tndudingha flagship. 
KendaH-Jadcson — streednogfr^w 
the dioioe growing regtons of Cali- 
femia to Einope and Soudi America. 

Tbougb stm dwarfed by tire E.&J. 
GaOd Co., the intoistiy giant, Mr. Jack- 
son's en y re is now amoi^ the top 10 
wore businesses in the Umred Stales, 
with sdes of atxwt $^X) xnillian in 1 996 
from Ifendall-Jackson alone, accortoiig 
to Jon Redrikson, an mdustry econ- 
omisL Tbe gnaller wineries prodooed 

$30 millioa more, Mr. Jadcson said. 

In toe process, be has managed to 
dtange the way fine wine is made and 
marketed in toe United Stales, leaving 
many in tbe to marvel at his 

highly lean, efficient and integrated 
c^Ksratiaa, utoich includes a barrel- 
making business and a distribution 
cooipany. At tbe same time, tire pug- 
nacious hfr. Jacksem. an experience 
lawyer, has beccxne tbe objea of envy 
as well as atoruration, mid 1ms gen- 
erated a bim^ier crop of qreculmioa 
and co n t ro ve is y. 

Mr. Jadtson's story combines die 
good fortune of a novice who has 

sfumWed onto something new wito toe 
calcolating eye of a masio' marketer 
who has found his ipagic niche. 

An eaity mistake in dre feanentadoo 
fsocess of his Vinmer's Reserve 
diardoonay created a smpeise fah whose 
digfrt sweetness has i^iied others to 
oi^ amUar products. Tire coometitioa 
also followed in Us footstr^ when Mr. 
Jackson carved out a new mirMi* mar- 
ket for fine wmes after carefriOy ana- 
lyzing die existmg price structiiie. 

He has been largely akxre, however, 
in brinmng a lawyer’s bai^aU style to 
dre tramtioDally genteel wine business. 
Mr, Jackson took advantage ofanin- 
dnstry downturn in die late IPSOstosnap 

Chrysler Plans Hydrogen-Powered Car 

\ The Assodaud Press 

\ DETROIT — Chrysler Coip. said 
Mood^ it had developed a wvy to ex- 
tract hydrogen from gasottne, bringing 
tovtotypes of “iiiel-c^** dectxic cats 
1 0 years do^ to redity. 
i By 20^ America’s dmd-latgest 
toitoinaket s^ it hoped to have amodd. . 
of an electric car thd gets its power fi«D 
liydFOgen aod is 50 percent more fiiel- 
^ f f jffiwit carS'.widi conventional 
internal-conibiistian enanes. 

Tire hydrogen wouldbe processed in 
die cars fixmi che^, low-octane ^o- 
X oli pg. offering 8 fv cleaner aheniative 
^tp {lowered by burning gas- 
oline. j 

. "We believe hydrogen needs to be 
procore^ from ^smine on board 

flea) fuel choice today,^* said Hrancate 
Caeftrfng ; Cfarysler's vice prerident of 
vdiicleenguieering. “Snx^yput,.tbece 

are not any filUng stations supjilying it 
to a mass madtet.” 

Tbe technok^, \riiich Cbrysler an- 
nounced at the North American Intear- 
imrinnal AutD ShoW, COUld mOVe Up 
prodnetion of p rototy p es of fbel-ceQ 
electric cars fay a detade. Quysler of- 

. Last mondL General Motors Corp. 
became the fiin big automaker to 
mesenl an electric car, introducing the 
^1 to 24 California and Arizona deal- 
ers!]^. But toe two-seater is powered 
by baffles, not hydrogen fuel. 

A friel ceU produces electricity from a 
diemical reaction, between hydrogen 
and morgen, udng a platinum catalyst 
and an mboaid feel processor, windi 
breaks down toe gasoline. A series of 
fuel cells would produce enough elec- 
tricity to power a ev’s motor, air.cQQ- 
dito)^ ^ otoer equipmenL 

The technology was first developed 

for use in spacecraft, but problems in 
supidyins and suxing hydrogen have 
hamjiMf ^ plans to usc it for cars. De- 
velojtoig a practical prooewing system 
to extract hydrogen from gasoline 
would wKmifiate toose problems, Mr. 
r'agraing $aid. 

“People win stm lefoel toeir vehicles 
toe same way toey always have, and tbe 
gas tanks oa ticirv^iicles inay aouaUy be 
smallertiim they ate today, not bigger and 
more cutnberaome,’* ito. rastamg said. 

Fuel cells have great potratial to re- 
place tire intnnal-combustiiCKi engine 
because tiiey can {mxhice electricity at 
atmosplreric leinpemures wito virtuaDy 
no dmgerous emissicxis, said Chiis- 
todier BOTTcmi-Bird, an advanced tech- 
nologies qrecialist at Chrysler. 

Reginald Dale is on vacation. His column , 
Tlunkit^ Ahead, wUl resume Friday. 




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»p )Tnpmfitab l^ vinqian^ff and hn e away 
iK^-regarded winemakers. And be has 
been invttored m several higii-ptQfile 
legal baffles even cakmg on 

N(7W , as his busmess is poised for still 
more growth, Jacksrai. 66. is clearly 

a m^or force to be reckon^ with, even 
toou^ as he {xoudly ss^s. he is stiU not 
pan ra “the old bey system.’* 

“Jess came into the business as a 
real estate lawyer, and he still thinks 
like a lawyer,” a winery owner 
wto has Imown Mr. JaeJeson for 20 
years. “That's why wine people can't 
figure him out; th^’re not lawyers.*' 
The origiDBl JacImoD viiM^ard was a 
weekend bobby. By tire late 1970s. Mr. 
Jackson, then a San Francisco law]^. 
was selling grapes to several wineries. 

“Znever planired to get into tlte wiire 
busmess,** he said receutly, “but there 
was a gnqre glot arouxl 1978, and I 
couldn 't s^ what I had grown. So I bad 
h made into wine.’* 

His first vintages were called Chat- 
eau du Lac. By 1982, toe name bad 
been changed to Kendall-Jaekson — 
Kendall is tbe suroame of Mr. Jack- 
son’s first wife — and a winery was 
under coostructioa. 

While making his 1982 chardoo- 
nay, Mr. Jackson ran into a problem. 
At a cracial point, the fermentation 
stopped before all tbe sugar in tbe 

See WINE, Page 15 


LEXINGTON, Massachusetts — 
Raytireon Co. said Monday that h had 
ureed to buy the defense business of 
Texas Instruments Inc. for $2.95 tnllion 
in cash. 

The deal marks another mrior step in 
tire consolidation of the U.S. defense 
industry that began four years ago. It is 
Raytheon’s third major acquisition in 
the past two years. 

lire boards of directors of Raytheon 
and Texas Instruments have approved 
toe deal, Raytbecm said. The transac- 
tion, subject to government antitrust re- 
view, is ex|)ected to close in tire 1997 
second (luarter. ibiytheon added. 

“We nave consistentiy said that we 
will remain a to{>-tier player in tire de- 
fense indnstiy,’’ said Dennis Picard, 
chairman of Steytheon. ‘ ’We are buying 
a growing, world-class business that 
competes successfully in several key 
defeaise electronics markets where Ray- 
theon is not a significant partidpmt.*’ 
Mr. Picard said that toe acquisition 
would increase Raytheon’s anmiaiiwi 
d^ense electronics sales to $8 billion 
and hs current defense electronics back- 
log to $9.3 billion. 

Thomas Engibous. president aod 
chief executive of Texas histranients, 
said that the sale would allow bis com- 
pany to focus (Ml “digital solutions for 
the networked society.” 

Texas Instruments’ defense unit, 
which employs about 12J)00 pec^le, is 
based in Lewisville, Texas. It is ex- 
pected to have 1996 revenues of about 
SI. 8 billioiL The unit supplies advanred 

defense systems, including precision- 
guided weapons, strike missiles, air- 
bonie radar, ni^t vision systems and 
electronic warfare systems. 

Raytheon said the acquiriticxi was not 
expected to dilute its earnings per share 
this year and should “provide increas- 
ingly positive contributions to earnings 
per sh^ thereafrer.” 

Raytheon has been a najor figure in 
defense irulustry consolidatiorL In Ajxil 
1 995 h acquired E-Systems Inc. for more 
than ^ biflion, and a year later it bou^t 
Chiysler Coip.’.s defense-electrorucs 
busing for some $475 million. 

Analysts u^lauded the deal as a good 
strategic fit, but toey said Raytheon was 
paying too much. 

One analyst, who declined to be 
named, describe Texas Instruments as 
“a must-win” for Raytheon, but adtied 
thte for a business that IS expected to have 
19% revenue of $1.8 billion, a price tag 
of $2.95 billion cash was “excessive.” 
^ytoeon aod Texas InscnimenEs' 
Defense Systems & Elecironlcs Group 
both manufacture missiles, sensors and 
seekers and aircrafr and ground radar, 
yet they do not overlap, analysts sai(L 
Texas Instruments is a leader in long- 
range precision strike progranu, 
bome radar and forwairo-lcreking in- 
frared sensors, while Raytheon is a lead- 
er in air-to-air and ship-defense missiles 
and ground-based and shipboard radar. 

'Texas Instruments shares closed 
Montoty at $67.6^, up 62.5 cents, on 
the New York Sto(^ Exchange. Ray- 
theon shares finished at $49,875, up 
12.S cents. 

Japan Unleashes Strong Words 
To Talk Up the Faltering Yen 

By Velisarios Kattoulas 

liuernational Hendd TrOmiie 

TOKYO — Japan wasted no time 
stq^nng in to talk up tire yen Monday 
afrCT tire currency fell to its lowest level 
against the dollar in nearly four years, 
but analysts saud that ftnther declines 
appeared inevitable. 

Growing disiqi^mtineni over the 
(xxitinued weakness of toe Japanese 
economy and expectations for Japanese 
EDveslCMS to ccMitmue to sell yen to buy 
hi^-yielding financial assets abroad 
bi^y drove tbe yen to 1 17.03 against 
the dollar, its lowest level since March 
30, 1993. On Monday in New York, the 
dollar slipped to 115.770 yen fom 
1 16330 yen Biday. 

The yen’s weakness on Tokyo’s first 
Hading day of toe year prompted one of 
JqMui*s most powerful policymakers, 
D^uqt Bnance Mhuster Tadashi 
Ogawa, to hint that the slide had gone 
far enough. 

U.S. manufacturers have begun to 
complain that the yen's weakness is 
making Japanese exalts more compet- 
itive at the expense of U.S. goods and arc 
calling for Washington to drop its 
strong-dollar policy. U.S. policymakers' 
have been saying that a snong dollar is in 
tire best interests of the U.S. economy. 

“Excessive weakness of toe yen, as 
tbe same with excessive strength of tbe 
yen. is certainly not favorable for the 
economy.” Mr. Ogawa said, alluding to 
past ski^shes between Tokyo and 
Washington over the Japatrese trade sur- 
plus. The surplus has been failing re- 
cently, but it rises ’when the yen is weak 
and the dollar strong. 

He added that tbe Japanese govern- 
ment would ’’continue to deal appro- 
priately vdth excessive moves w^e 
keeping close watch” over toe markets. 

Ogawa's comments echoed those 
of another Finance Ministry officii 

See YEN, Page 12 


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PAGE 12 

30-Year T-Bond Yield 




PC Makers Bank onNew Chip 


' A “s 0 N D J A S 6^ N D 

t996 1997 • 1M6 

•^Paute^’yaow^ >;•• 

\ :A«g4^ 

iCanw-. ^etpaaKSe^ 

SbunM; Bloorn£wry, fleullsfs mienudsoii Henu Triixwe 

By Lawrence M. Fisher 

JVw York Times Sennet 

mas in January? After a dis^ 
poinring holiday sales season, p^- 
sonal computer makers and sellers 
hope to get a lift Wednesday when 
Intel Corp. introduces a new ver- 
sion of itsPsodum micropro o eaof 
that features technology to im- 
prove raultimediapenfbrmanoe. 

Ail the major PC manufactuners 
plan to have machines available 
Wednesday with the new chip. 

Intel first disclosed the new 
chip, formally known as the Pen- 
tium Processor with MMX Tech- 
nology, last March, and some ana- 
lysts have said diis early 
announcement caused the weak 
sales of consimser PCs last month. 

Many computer columnists and 
nu^pzines had advised consumers 
to defer pmchases uoiil the release 
of the — or multimedia ex- 
tension — chip drat improves die 
performance of video playback. 

animation and audia Now retailets 
hope to see a rush of buyers. 

'"Everybody assumes that it 
delayed a lot of purchases,** said 
Seyrnour Menin, presidkit ctf 
^riin Information Services, a 
computer retailing consulting firm 
in Mountain View, California. ""In 
our industry, people never learn. 
Every time you pne-annouice 
something thu way, sales are 

The buildup for the new chip 
that came as the market pr ep ar ed 
for tte holiday season, he added, 
""was just tire sttqudesr thing I've 

Intel officials say that the eariy 
disclosure about tbe chip was 
aimed (ximarily at software de- 
velopers, so that they could rewrite 
their pfo^ams to take advantage 
of MI^ in time for the product's 

""We really haven't done any- 
thing at all with end-users or ihe 
retaO chaimel up to now," said 
John TfhflMfrij fotel's mariceting 

dnector for graces, '"In any 
case, we’ll be selling Pentium pro- 
cessors witfamrt well into 
1998." Consunaers who bou^ 
noo-MMX machines should be 
satisfied whh tiiem, he 
That is partly because aldiougfa 
MMX is a meaningful improve- 
ment on the Pentium c^, u does 
less chan the considerable expec- 
tations generated by the announce- 
ment might suggest 
MMX will not give a PC a. 
grsfihicsjperformance compax^le 
to that of a Silicon Graiducs work 
station, or even to tiiatof theNzn- 
tendo 64 video-game player ma^ 
by Nintendo Co., which uses Sil- 
icon Gr^^ucs (tiiips. Nor will 
MMX of^ the level of perfor- 
mance given by gr^ihics-accel- 
erator ends ftom companies like 
Nvidia Corp. or S3 Inc. 

Instead, MMX is in ten ded to 
improve basic, unmodified PCs 
that do not run gtaiAics cards. ' 
Intel shares closed Monday at 
S138.87S, up 50 cents. 

Dow Manages Record, 
But Bonds Are Jittery 

CMfSetf Igr Oir Am OfapocAs 

NEWYORK — TbeDowJooes 
industrial average managed a rs' 
omd high Moiu&y, but stocks did 
not mam^e an enthusia^c foUow- 
thiough fo Friday’s rally as interest 
rates rose ag^ in a jittery bond 
markAt , 

The 30-stock index gained 23.09 
points to finish at 6.567.18, enoui^ 
fo surpass Dec. 27*s record close of 
6.S60.91 , alter retreating from a 75- 
point gain that lifted tifo blue-chip 
barometer above 6.600 for the first 
time. Advancing', issues out- 
numbered declining <mes by a 3-to- 
2 ratio on the New Y<^ Stock 

liiieniidsail HenM Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• Boeing Co. plans to offer a larger version of its wide-body 
767. Tbe new plane, called the 767-400ERX, would hold 245 
people, comptued with 218 in tbe 767-300. 

• Monsanto Co. ^reed to buy Holden's Foundation Seeds 
Inc- a major U.S. corn-seed producer, and two seed dis- 
tributors, for about $1.02 billion. The move makes Monsanto 
the biggest U.S. producer of foundation com seed. 

• The U.S. economy's output of goods and services will slow 
in the fust three months 1997. business executives in the 
American Business Conference said. 

• Doubletree Corp. increased the amount of stock it plans to 
pay for Renaissance Hotel Group NV, raising the acquisition 
price by 5 percent, to $890 million. 

• Bayerisdie Motoren Werke AG of Germany plans fo 
invest $400 million to produce engines and cars in Brazil, said 
Michael Turwitt. the president of he BMW’s BrazUian uniL 

• Dakota Mining Corp. and USMX Inc. announced an 
agreement in principle to combine the two con^ianies. 

BhMnbeg. Bridge News 

Weekend Box Office 

The Asspeiaied press 

LOS ANGELES — “Jeny Maguire" and “Michael" 
dominated tbe U.S. box office over the weekend, widi a gross 
of $ 1 2 J million each. Following are tbe top 10 moneymakers, 
based on Friday's ticket sales and estimued sales for Saturday 
and Sunday. 

Republic Buys National Car Rental 

The Associated Press 

MIAMI — H. Wayne Huizenga's 
Republic Industries Ihc. has agreed 
to buy National Car Rental System 
Inc. for $600 million in stock in its 
second big acquisition to the car 
rental business, the companies an- 
nounced Monday. 

Rqaiblic recemy acquired Alamo 
Rent-a-Car Inc. would control 
two of the five biggest U.S. car rental 
agencies with the National deal 

Tbe two-cewnpany fleet would 

have about 225,000 vehicles. 

lie shares im at 

$32.75. National Car Rental stock is 
not traded publicly. 

The rental car companies fit into 
plans by Mr. Huizen^ R^niblic's 
chairman, to make a mark in the 
autonM^ule industry by renting, 
selling and servicing cars and by 
selling auto accessories. 

Alamo and National would 
provide a ready supply of vehicles 

for Mr. Huizei^'s AufoNation 
USA, a chain of used-car siqrer- 
stores that opened in October, ft is 
eiqiected to grow to M outlets ^th- 
in five years. 

National’s s tr eug t h is in reatmg 
cars to business travelos and cor- 
porations, while Alamo puts more 
en^iasis on serving vacatiooers. 

Car rentals would generate ^.7 
billicm in axmual sales fin- Rqiublic, 
with $1.6 billion fttnn Alamo and 
$1.1 tnllion ftom NationaL 

Broader market OMsasures pulled 
back as bond prices rose on' re- 
newed inflatioQ otmeenos. 

The price of the h ^rfimar k 30- 
year Iroasury bond fell to 96 15/32 
point fiom 97 2/32 Friday, pushing 
tbe yield, a key detenninant of cor- 
porate and coosunoer borrowing 
costs, up to 6.77 peaceat fiom 6.73 
per cen t. 

Bond-maiket rates junqied last 
week after stxae uoexpeaedly 
strong data raised concerns eco- 
ntnnic growth has not slowed 
eooQ^ to contmn inflation, which 
can make fixed-income invest- 
ments sudi as bonds less attract- 

Eariy mdicatioos on the holiday 
tiwppmg seasoi remained discour- 
aging with two hi^-profOe names 

Toys R* Us, die most active Big 
Board issue, slid 4Vi to 26V4. Tbe 
retailer warned that lower-chan-ex- 
pect^ sales fin the season would 
hurt its earnings growtti for die fis- 
cal j«areiidizig Feb. 3. 

Apple Conputer. meanwhile. 

feU 3% to 17% as tlfo Nasdaq's most 

active issue. Prudential Secuno^ 
and Bear Stums downgraded me. 
stock following Apple’s announce-, 
ment late Friday that sales in tfae> 
quarter ended Dec. 27 were hurt by 
weak U.S. danand for dw Petforma 
lin e of consumer products, _ 

Ofiier technology shares mitialJy 
extended Friday's market-4eadisff 
advance, but then succumbed to 
profit-tsiting. • 

AT&T was the Dow s weakest 
issue, felling 2 » 39% ^ S*-. 
iomon Brothers lowmed its eam^ 
ing< ^jgrimflres far the company. In- 
tentatiooal Business Ma ch i ne s led 


die 30'Stock.aveeage's advance for 
a second day. rising 2V& to 161%. i 
A retreat in bonds and a series of 
compDim'-guided “sell’’ orders de- 
railed the rally for a few hours dur- 
ing the afternoon. ^ 

Only tbe Standard & Poor's 500 
index was unable to recover fixw 
the drop, gndir^ the day 036 poittt 

lower at 747^^ The Nasdaj Com- 
posite Index rose 5.74 points, td ' 

Economically sensitive compa- 
nies sudi as aufomakexs gained, fit- 
ting investors’ perceptiem that die 
economy is picking up steaxm Ford 
Motor Co. rose % to 33% andT 
Chrysler gained 1 to 35%. General 
Motors rose 1% to 59 foOowiog aa 
upmade by Smith Barn^- 

Gains in oil stodcs helped lift die 
Dow, as the price of beating oil 
jump^ fiitecasfe for coldtf 
weadier. Texaco rose 1% fo 
Exxon gained 1% to lOO, DnPOnt 
rose 1 % to 99% and Chevron rose ^ 
to 66%. (AF, Bloomberg) 


Y£Ns Deputy Finance Minister Uses S^ong Wbrds to Talk Up the Faltering Japanese Currency 

I.RIe) JernrMagutie 







(Dfenenc/bn Fllton) 


4. 101 Onbnaikins 



5. One Fine Day 



4.9eoisomBu»tKadDDAnedm (PaamomO 





a -H m Preacher's WKe 

OiMeAsOne ftswei) 


9. (lie) My Fellow AmcriCQns 







Continued from Page 11 

after the dollar reached 1 14.92 yen 
at the end of October. Those com- 
ments briefly capped the dollar's 
rise, but by Late December it had 
regained its upward momentum and 
broke 115 yea. 

In the same way, analysts said, Mr. 
Ogawa’s comments pnrf»bly 
underem die streugfe of the dollar fin- 
a while. It has risen more than 42 
percent fiom its post-Wcnld-War-II 
low of 79.75 yen m April 1995. 

But, die a^ysts added, the mix 
of seasonal and ftmdamental feefors 
that have prompted the yen's fall 
remains unchan^d. hi dw absence 

of a reversal in the Clinton admin- 
istratimi’s strong-doUar policy or 
strong Japanese foreign exchange- 
market intervention, said, the 
yen will continue to slide — even 
thou^ by some c^culations it is 
already weaker than Japan’s eco- 
nomic fundamentals warrant 
""Currencies tend to overshoot 
and we are in a period now in wfaidi 
tbe yen is moving largely on mo- 
memnm and expectations that cur- 
rent trends will continue, ’ ' said John 
Rogers, president of Invesco Asset 
ManageoKnt in Tokyo. ' 'The target 
in many people's niuids is that tbe 
yen could test 120.” 

The main leascHi for the yen 'ssUde 

against the dollar is the weakness of 
Japan's economy. It is esqiected to 
grow as mudi as 3pacmitin the 
year that ends in March; tax increases 
ate likely to cm that to abom 1 per- 
cem die fi>Uowing year. 

Fears about the economy were 
highlighted at a news conference 
fifonday by tbe leadms of Jeqpan's 
four most influential business or- 
ganizations. ‘ 

'They c^ed on tihe govenoroent to 
speed ^ the pac% of deiegiilmion 
1 ^ maintain low interest rates to get 

the economy movii^ and expressed 
conceni about the yen’s weakness 
against (he doUar. 

Shoiebiro Toyoda, chmnnan of 

the Japan Federation of Ecraomic 
Organizations and of Toyota Motor 
Coro., said it was “essential" t^ 
PaiUament ap pr o ve measures "'to 
reform the economy as socm as pos-. 
sible to ^ it numing snux^y.” 

The dollar also 1^ b^ riang 
because die wide between 
American arid J^iaiiese interest rales. 
In 1996. Japanese instiiutioas and 
individu^ hungrily bou^ 17JS. and 
other ovoseas miandal assms, 
involves setling yen fo bi^ other cur- 
rencies and cuts the yen’s value. 

■ Bonds PuH Down Dollar 

The dollar dipped against most 
odier major currencies Mcmday 

amid rented bond-market tensiooq 
ftieled by die comments fiom die 
Japanese depu^ finance official 
abmt the yen, Ageoce Franoer||i< 
Aesse reported from New Yodc. -j 
The dollar closed at 1364Q 

Deutsche marks, down ftmn 1 3660 
DM on ^di^. 

Tbe dollar slipped to 53840 
j^eiKA francs from 53915 Riday} 
and fo. 1.3540 Swiss francs. from 
13595. The pound $1.6935 
from $1:6877. i 

“U.S.- bond prices are dowif 
again, it’s been the case in foe i»st 
few weeks that where bonds go doi- 
lartendsto go,*’ said John Rodifieid 
of NatiemsBank. . s 

aS‘ - ■ 


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Jan. 6| 1997 

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.•:V:-:--:.^/r^;5:;^ .• . -v •;;;.■: ■ • . 



ictment Leaves Banks in the Clear 

PAGE 13 



PR ANEFI^T — Ftosecutors 
unv^ed a long roster of fraud 
dw^ Monday against Jueroen 
Schnei^, the former real-estate ty- 
yoo whose empire collapsed neady 
years ago jnooe.ofOennan.y *s - 
bi^iest coiporate scandals. 

But proMcutors refused to bring 
^ charges -against fite trig hanv« 
that fin a nce d Mr. SchneidePs lapid 
8^t)wdi, even though dietr 
willingness to bankroll the 
veloper ultimately left hnnrimb of 
small constrnction contractors hold- 
me millions in unpaid Mllg 
7 Schneider, who built fiashy 
rinyp ing and office cmqAexes In 
Germany's trendiest areas and then 
secretly left the country just before 
his cooqieny buckled ni yier the 
equivalent of more than 5 billion 
Deutsche marks ($3.23 billioa) in 

debt, could face a trial as eariy as 
next summer. He is now Bitting in a 

Prosetaitors in Inankftirt said 
Monday that Mr. Schneider, 62, had 
^ped _ hank s and creditors with 
phony invoi^ and ftaudnlent rent- 
al contracts, in order to borrow more 
mm^, and that he transferred 245 
million DM to a secret Swiss hanir 
account just beftm it became im- 
possible to stave off his cre di tors. 

' If convicted on all charges, Mr. 
Schneider would face up to IS years 
in prison on die assraled chat;^ of 
ficaiid contained in die iwtirtmgiit 
Mr. Schneider's wife and 
perlner, Claudia, was gh ^ t gw d with 
crimes under die bankruptcy law 
and two of Mr. Schomder's asso~ 
ciates were charged with abetting 
die allied fiaud. 

The 446-pege nMtigur wwt took 
nearly a year to pi ep ai e, and came 
nearly t»e year after Mr. Schneider 

Turnaroimd in Jet Market 
til Helps Airbus Orders Surge 

r- |t **T^*~~TnTi*^Tiri'iytglhi 

PARIS — Airbus fedostrie, bea- 
^ting fttHD a turnaround in the 

g obal jetliner market, said Monday 
at ordos xnore than tripled in 1996 
iiid that ft would increase pRK^ 
don in 1997 and 1998 on predicted 
“strcmg growth.*’ - 
r But the European aerospace coo- 
kudum stud revenue fell 83 percent 
htst year, to $83 billioa, because die 
1S>96 deliveries cmitMT*e<t a smaller 
{aopordod of large aircraft than had 
been the case in 1995. 

V Airbus said it won (Hdersfer 326 
rircraft worth S23.6 billioa last year, 
mdodi^ orders that were not yet 
fim,itrold498jetsm 1996, giving 

In l^^l^Abhos ord^ for 106 
planes wmdi $7 bOliai. 

7 The coosoitiam said that as are- 
sult of a ‘ 'sfaaro upturn in (xders arid 
jyom mi nnents in 1996, it had in- 
creased production rates for 19^. It 
plans to increBse defiveries tw 45 
percent, to 133 aircraft, in 1997. 

In 19^, h srid, “strong growth” 
(rould bring aiorther incxeare m tot^ 
jxoductian ib some 220 aircraft. 

*' Akbasddivered126aiic^ 
{ear, of $8.8 hf l- 

iioQ, conqsred widi sales ^.6 
billion in 1995 for fee deliveiy Of 
12S planes. 

' l^decisioofDOffifertwodrSerent 
figures' fer 1996 new onlere rqaes- 
ents a change of pcdicy and is de- 
signed id n^ce^ Enrnpean maker 

- Boring has announoed orders for 
645 pla^ worth $47 IdDion foe 
IS^. its best year rioce 1989. Last 
month, h agre^ to buy McDonnell 
Douglte C^. fix' $133 bQSMi to 
hecome die world's largest mato of 
atilftaty aircraft. 

Airto said it announced orders 
for 498 planes “in line with practice 
adqjted by its competitors.” A 
spnkresmfln for Boeing said the U.S. 
maker does not announce orders un- 
til they are firm. 

“Boemg ordere stand at 645, and 
absriutely, feose are all, all finn 
inab for Boeing in LmidOT. 

Generally, aircraft makers do not 
iiicludejri orders in dierr tallies undl 
an airline customerhas rigned afiim 
order. Firm orders are riways pre- 
ceded by memoranda of agreenrent, 
or letters of intent, and Aiito said it 
chose this year to include such oi^ 
ders as w^ in its yeai-eod tally. 

Airbus has vo«^ to win 50 per- 
eexu of die conmiercial jet rnarloM by 
2000 or ahordy thernfter. Its 42 
percent share of new orders in 1996 
was an xaqnrovemeot from fee pre- 
vious year. 

Gennany’s econamy minister, 
Onenter Irexxodi, said Airbus Ih- 
dostde must “quickly inqilemenl” 
a rescciicturing plan tl^ would 
transfonnits legalstamsfromacoo- 
sortium into a centralized co m pany. 
He said sndi a move was “abs^ 
lumly essential so that Airbus can 

and his wife were arrested in Miami 
and remrned voJuntarUy to Ger- 
many. Although the charges were 
largely expected, they bi^ligb^ 
the extiaimdiiiary cmnplexl^ cx sift- 
ing through mountains of piper to 
see exaedy what went wremg. 

The Schneider affair has already 
rf^aicgn some of Gennany’s most 
prestigious financial insdtutioos, 
notabbr Deutsche Bank AG, Ger- 
many's biggest privare bank and Mr. 
Sefa^der’s single biggesc creditor. 
But the scale of the and the 

aUe^atioos of wide^xead deception 
agamst Mr. Srimeider and his ac- 
complices, also spaii^ a pabHc 
outcry abi^ eo^ raatioas between 
tug banks and big clients. 

Mr. Schneider, who started out as 
a biickUyer, rocketed to prooii- 
nence by renovating Mstoric hotels 
and buUding ehie sew shminiig 
inan-< across fee newly reunited Ger- 
many of die eariy 1990s. 

His most dramatic projects in- 
cloded huge shopping mails in 
downtown Berlin, rrankfun and the 
Bast German rity of Leipzig. Many 
of the sweeping glass-and-steel 
buildings, like die shopping center 
on the Zril in Frankfurt or a project 
in the Kurfeerstendamm area of 
Berlin, are still busy landmarks for 
German shoppers. 

German prosecutors said that Mr. 
Schneider finanrwi the center in 
Frankfurt by showing bankers 
ifeony rental contracts as well as 
exaggerated claims about the 
amount of commercial space that 
could be developed 

The deception in Frankfurt cost 
banks about the equhndent of $^ 
millioa Fraudulent c laims in Beilin 
and Leipzig cost banks about $126 


far, we have found no io- 
dicadons that criminal acts were 
conducted is tte banks,** «««<* Dieter 

Haike, a Frankfurt proseentor, at a 
news conference on Mmiday. “But 
mistakes were made. There is no 
such thing as an in^ible exam- 
ination pf creditworthiness'.*’ 

Lawyers for Mr. Schneider did 
not re mm telephone calls Monday, 
although one of his lawyers told 
German reporter s over the weekaod 
that Mr. Schneider would fight the 

The former tycoon^ who looked 
frail, scruffy and demoralized when 
he returned to Germany last year, 
has been ritting down wife pros- 
ecutors for an extended series of 
interviews and has ^ven them con- 
siderable informadoD about his 
former company. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Schneider's 
palatial viU^ a medieval castle that 
he restored in the Frankfurt suburb 
of Koenigstein, continues to sit un- 
occupied as bankruptcy administrat- 
ors look for a buyer. 

1997’s Bleak Continental Debut 

Paris and Bonn Face Disappointixig Economic Prospects 

PARIS — Ihe New Year has 
b^pn wfe bad economic news 
from both Gennany rod France, 
fee two most important nations in 
the European struggle to meet coo- 
ditioos lUs year to quali^ for eco- 
nomic and mooetazy union. 

fti Bonn, a German officia] 
acknowledged it would not be pos- 
rible to reduce tmemploymeat as 
fast as CSiancenor ^Imui Kohl 

Mr. Rexrodt also said there was 
no question of the govotunent 
sending a controversial law al- 
lowing employers to reduce the 
salary of workers off sick 20 
pffreft ntL The law, strongly op- 
pose by the trade unions and the 
Social Democrats, is part of a 
prokage of government measures 
aimed at cutting labor costs and 
simulating the economy. 

Economists and analysts are ex- 

hadpredicted.InParis,anewsetof pecting 1996 growth of gross do- 

estimates showed that the French 
ecoiKMny may have riowed to 

nearly a standstill at fee end of previous year. 

mestic product to be a real 13 
percent, down from 2.1 percent the 

Borii^ Co., fee woxid’a largest wife. Boring Co,”; - - I 

maker of cormnercial aiicrafl. (Bloomberg, AP, AFX) 

1996. The economy fed finally per- 

Amid signs that die jobless level form much be^ than expemed 
in Germany is about to rise furdier, of strong net exports, 

Guenter Rexrodt, fee economy which are estimate to have con- 
mmister, has roknowledged feat It tributed 0.6 percentage point to 
will be difficult to achi^e the gov- growdi, he said, 
ennnent’s tm^of hahdng unem- Another 0.7 percentage point 
piqyment to 2 luiUion by 2000. may hare come from dornestic 
“M^ important «h^ arriving sources, mainly fueled by private 
exactly at 2 minion jobless is fee rod government coosumpti^ 
f^ that we have set this target,** while construction and inventories 
Mr. Rexxodt said in an interview pot a drag on growth, be said, 
publifeed Mo nday in the itows- A no^le point about Ger- 
pqperBUd. many’s 19^ ecotxmiic develop- 

f-anTHg thf» taTgfft **Bfn b itioos,** meat was the slowdown in eco- 
Mr. Rexrofe added: “We have to nzmiic activi^ in Eastern 
do eveiyfemg to achieve dds tar- Goznany. Growth sp-gm B to hare 
geL ff we hark away from it now slowed down to 23 percent in 
because of the difficult situatioa, 1996 frtnn 53 percent in 1995 and 
then we sriU have given up our will 9.9percentin 1994. 
ferrefono.'' In France, meanwhile, the econ- 

In November, Gennany had omy may bare slowed to a near 
mere than 33 milUon people of- standstilL according to preUnun- 
-fi t S aH y-ft m t ii Twwnk -^gjml-m^l'Ojt’-^ aiyfiguies -refeasea Mo n d ay by h** 
ffacent df the active pc^ation. major French bank. 

French GDP grew only 03 p^- 
cent in the fourth quarter of 1996, 
hurt by a decline in mdusirial out- 
put rod an increase in unemploy- 
ment. Caisse des Depots et Con- 
signations said. 

That conpaies with growth of 
0.9 percent in GDP in the third 

The bank said that it expected 
GDP to pick up sUghdy in the first 
quarter of 1997, growing at 0.4 per- 
ceiiL as the inq)^ of lowwr interest 
rates beg^ to have an effect. 

France's statistics institute is 
scheduled to release the latest 
GDP figures on Jan. 1 6. 

“For fee first three months of 
1997, the indicator shows mod- 
erate improvement, essentially 
due to a favorable interest-rate en- 
vironment," the bank said. 

fotorest rates have fallen to re- 
cord lows as the Bank of Ranee 
has slashed its floor interest rate to 
3. 1 S percent from 5 perorot in Au- 
gust 1995. 

However, French manufactur- 
ing output still fell a greater-tban- 
expect^ 13 percent in October. 
The wider mdustrial production 
index, which includes ener^. 
food and construction companies, 
droppe^ 0.8 percent in October, 
following a M percent fall in 

France’s unemployment rate 
rose to 12.7 percent in November, 
its highest l^el since the end of 
Worid'War n; • - • • ' 

■ (Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP) 


““ i 

! 2450''. e w Vi 'r 

A S O >4 D J 
1996 1997 

— XT?"- ^ kh- 

^ tH~ 

\ ■ 2175 — M — 

3000/ 2100— t/— - 

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.CteoW ••2.SSM4- .. 

Souloe: refahurs EniematioMlHendd Tribune 

Very briefiys 

• Vebacom GmbH, fee German-British telecommunications 
group, confinned w^end press repom tl^ it would expand 
its c^Ie-television activities by buying Urbana System- 

AG» a move expected to lift its share of the German 
market to 10 percent firom 7 percenL 

• Renault, the French carmaker and smallest of Europe's Big 
Six, said it aimed to hold between 10 percent and 103 percent 
of West European car sales in 1997. Renault's share slipped to 
10.1 percent in 1996 from 10.3 percent in 1995. 

• Gennany*s cartel office ruled against Axel Springa* AG's 
takeover of Postdienst Service GmbH of Eastern Germany, 
saying the media company ivould have had a “dominant 
market position” in fee newspaper kiosk business. 

• Russia’s inflation rate fell to a record low in December and 
analysts j»td fee crffirial inflation target of 1 percent a mroth 
for 19^ looked realistic. The December rate of 1.4 percent, 
down from 1.9 percent in November, Ixou^t the year-to-year 
rise to 21.8 perront, down from 131 percent a yev ago. 

• General Electric Co. of Britain sold its office-printing 
equipment unit, A3. Dkk Co., to a unit of Nesco Inc. of 
Qeveland for an undisclosed sura. Bloomberg. Reuters. AFX 

Vendex to Acquire Bis S A 

Bloomberg Business News 

AMSTERDAM — Vendex International NV said Monday 
that it planned to buy France's Bis SA for about 23 billion 
Renife francs ($477.4 million), creating fee world's third- 
lai^t temporary staffing agency. 

The Dut^ retailing and services company said it had 
reached agreement to buy 60 percent of Bis for 490 francs a 
share from the family of Laurent Negro, the Bis founder who 
died last mraife. and is offering the same price in a public bid 
for the resL 

The price is an 8 percent discount from fee last traded price 
for Bis of 533 Frei^ francs on Dec. 27, a reflection of the 
French comproy's slipping profits. 

la August, Adia SA of Switzerland and Ecco SA of France 
nieiged to fbnn-Adecco-SA, the worid-s second-largest staff- 
ing services company. Manpower Inc. of fee United States is 
the world’s largest 

Pr-SeiMc 410490 






















































































































































































































































































22fe 1944649 




































































































































The Trib Index 

Jenl.iase^too. IM 



AaB^Paaie 1Z4.10 +1.69 +1.38 -7S7 

Eunpe isasB +1.19 + 0.71 + 14.23 

N. America 163.91 4X09 -005 +Z7.78 

S-Amenea 117.63 +2.69 +2.51 +32.33 


CapitalgooOS 17Z73 40.67 +061 +29.99 

Consunergeode 162.16 +0.94 +068 +17^45 

&teigy 170.70 +161 +1.13 +25.87 

France 116.19 +0.65 +0.82 -868 

Mleceaineeue 1S969 +029 +0.18 +17.73 

nawMateriale 175.71 +1.47 +064 +23.91 

SWViiae 136.61 +a76 +066 +1364 

UtiSOee 143.67 +2.11 +1.49 +13.00 

n»bmmamlHeaUTribwfeWoritl3ioGklfidexCeaeltelhoU.& dolartmiue s al 
zaPi ilwii i fc i M ft ,i n i 'W4ri * HUi>f bmSS ieutJm , ^mo/m M e ma e m , m bee 
boeieetammmtiebymMngloTbeTfbMex.181 AvenueCharieedeOmie. 

SBSm rbrtiii, Prance. OanpeadOyBloombetgBusemsNBua. 

: ■■■'Y - 

* “••. : •’•' ‘cTi.* - “ * . • T ". .. H 



tndonesian Budget 
lAims to Slow Growth 


G»f*rf *j- c^^ 

, JAKARTA — IndoDesia un- 
veiled a nanonai butiiget on Monday 
aȣ tnim pleading growth and a 
wpectM to slow ^ economy and 
Kc^ inflation in check. 

■ In a speech to Parliament, Ptes- 
ident Suharto also deUveied a wam- 
mg about Indonesia's widmnne 
trade defidL * 

“fo maintaining onr economic 
stability, we really must control our 
current-account d^dt,” be bmA 
! The government said it would 
spend lOl.l trillion rupiah (^.gi 
b^on)miteyearsiaiting April l,a 
12 percent increase firom the current 

' *'lt*s a more restrained bu^et 
QtMD^red with last -year,** said Ng 
Bok^g, an economist at Deutscte 
Morgan GrenfeU in Sing a i i CT y 
^This is sensible-” 

• Uie slower rise in awoding is 
e^iected to help slow & nadon's 
economy. Gross domestic productis 

f forecast to grow 7.1 percent in the 
^year staitmg April 1, its slowest 
^ p^ in four yeara. conqeres 
with a gain 7.8 percent in 1996, 
foegovemment said. 

• Iw growth fmecas for next year 
is lower than some ai^ysts esqiec- 
ted. Mr. Ng said a surge in foreign 
investment could still push growth 
to 8 peirtet in the &<al year. 

Manmindar Smgji, a regicHial 
economist at the Singq>ore brandi 
of Nomura Research Tngritiite said, 
'*Tbe indicuors tend to point to 
overall conservatism and plans Q> 
^ay any foais of ovecfaeating.” 
IhdOQiesian stocks rose after the 
budget was unveiled. The brach- 
maik Composite index rose riwat 1 
percent, to 653.96 poims, its highest 
level since April 1990. 

The budget calls for tax increases 
on total mcome, shifting further 
a tradition^ relhuice on incanie frm 
oU and gas^ although the government 
does not have plm to raise taxes. 

FinaDceMinisiierMar*ift MnhaniTnaW 

said domestic revenue was projected 
to rise by 12.6 percent in tiie comine 

year, to M.06 trillion nij^ 

H e said non-oil Fevenne was pro- 
ject m increase by 14.2 percent, 
while oil revenue was seen growing 
by S3 percent. IrxlMiesia is Asia's 
sole mmnber of the ^ganization of 
Petroleum Reporting Qxintries. 

Saleh Afift, coonfinating minis- 
ter for ecraomics, finance, industry 
and deveicq)inent, said Indonesia^ 
current-account deficit was expec- 
ted to be $9.80 billionmthe 1997-98 
fiscal year, or about 4J) percent of 
gross domestic product 

For the cunent year, (be deficit is 
expected to total $8.'82 biHioh, also 
about 4.0 percent of GDP. The cur- 
rent account is tiie broadest measure 
of a counliy’s trade. 

“This deficit is quite big but it 
doesn't mean that it's not control- 
lable.'’ Mr. Afiff said. 

Be said inflatimi was 6 A7 percent 
in die 1 996 calendar year, compared 
with 8.64 percent in 1995. 

Mr. Suharto said it was important 
for Indonesia to emttain hs mfiation 
rate to “around die sanv» figme as 
other codnlries in the region?' 

As a way of trimming die emrent- 
accotmt deficit, he egged IhdoiiesiaDS 
to buy more locally made goods. 

‘ The public should use and buy 
domestic products as the manifest- 
ation of 1 ^ nationalism, and pro- 
ducers also have to improve the 
of the prodnets?* Nh*. 
Suharto said. 

He did not atmounce any specific 
measures, such as tax bre^, to 
encourage the pardase of locaDy 
made products. 

Development spending is expec- 
ted to gnm 12.8 percent 

Spradmg in die badget on items 
such as wages and regional sub- 
ridies wiU increase, while payrrMf^ 
to service the cooniry’s will 
drop. (Bloomberg, Reuters} 

Canon Quits PC Production 

Sale of Next Stake Casts Shadow Over Apple 

TOKYO — While annoancing a move exit of the 
business of manufocturing personal computers on 
Monday, Canon Inc. mana^d to cast fortber doubt on 
the abifity of Apple Computer kic. to stay afloaL 
As part a restructuring. CanOT said h would sell 
its 20 percent stake in Next Software Inc., coding a 
decade-long rriationsfaip with the U.S. software emn- 
pany that recently azmounced ir would buy for 

about $400 zmllion. 

Ihe stake in Next Software vdll be sold to Apjde 
for cash and will not be exchanged for Apple shares, 
a Canon spokesman said. Next Software is led by 
A{^le Computer's co-founder, Steven Jobs. 

.^ple isa “minorplayer” in persmial emnputm 
and hs pro prietary ^stem is fscing “very big dif- 
ficulties,'' said Kimudde Takano, senior analyst at 
KJem wort BettsocL 

' ‘ Apple doesn't have a brig^ ftiture.*' Mr. Takano 
s^d. “Cash is a much surer investment for Canon 
dian investing in Apple.” 

Amde'ssI^ of therctnarker has dwindled to less 
titan 6 percetu from more than 8 percent a ago. 

Canm, whidi also faces with sffioompedtimi finm 
Ingger players in the PC busmess, said it would 
transfer dw running of its peisonal-coinpiittr op- 
erations to its sales subsidia^ and have Taiwan mMi- 
afecturefs actnally pro&ice Carton-brand computers. 

The company a^ ftiaits to begin malring next- 
goteratioo silicoa-<m-iitsulatM‘ wafers, which are 

used to make semiconductors. Integrated circuits 
made from the wafers are expected to have twice the 
data-processmg speed of conventional chips, while 
consuming only one-tenth of the power. 

Canon investoi about 3 biOicD yen ($25.8 milium) 
to build a clean room for wafeijroduction at its plant in 
Ifiratsuka. south of Tol^, a Carton qN^msman said. 

Canon has not yet decided when it will start mass- 
producing the wafers, Ixft it is aimine to reach aonuri 
sales of about 100 billic» yen by 2000 from the new 
encerprise, the spokesmm said. 

The comity also said it would seek lepayment of 
hs outstanding loans to Next The spdeesman de- 
cliited to give the value of the compwy's stake in 
Next cr the amount of loans outstanding. 

Canon will continue to concestiaie on cornputer 
peripbei^ such as its successful bubble-jet printers. 

C^on shares rose 30 yen, to 2390. 

”We’re putting our nton^ on Canon,” an analyst 
said. “Their bubble-jet prirtter busirtess is making a 
ludicrous amount of mooey.” (Bloomberg, Reuters) 

■ Sony Consolidates Game Division 

Sony Corp. said Monday that it would consolidate 
operan^ related to its home video-game machw 
onder hs Sony Computer EntenainmeDt foe. su^ 
sidiaiy, Reuters reported from TdQro. 

The transfer ofthe nayStatioit-related operations 
from Sony Corp. of America is expected to be com- 
pleted by the end of January. 

yietnam’s Leader Opposes Hyundai Plan 


HANOI — Prime Minister Vo 
Kiet of Vietnam opposes Hy- 
undai Motor Coipu's for to 
automotive joint venotre in his 
country bet^se the market is 
already crowded by too many car- 
makers, a senior government offi- 
dal said Mmiday. 

**T InrvwM |hft minigter 

not m favor of the Hyundai ]K 0 - 
ject,” said Nguyen XuaoCbuan, the 
deputy minister ide industry. “He 
wants to h. He's saying that 
14 licenses is too many now." 

Mr. Chuan, who is responsible for 

auto indust^ policy, said that gov- 
emment ministries were trying to 
peiwade Mr. Kiet to approve the 
^uth Xtfean isdusmal giant's pro- 

It would take the number of li- 
censes to foreign vehicle 

makers in Vietnam to 15. 

Despite the report in Hanoi, Lee 
Jun-ha, a manager at Hyundai's 
p^ilic informatioo department in 
Sooth Korea, said that the venture 
was still on. 

“We don’t believe the remarks 
were the Vietnamese government's 
officuil stance,” he sa^ 

Sins^ibre' " Tei^' 

2300 22S00 

2«o ^;;r 21075 

■ 20B50 

2iaVV-\^/' — 

2060 - lye 20025 

2000tt 19200 




■ 110001*^^^ 

10000a so>TdT" ‘ 

1996 1997 

sfesdueme index. 

21675— i.r- - 

A S ON b ’J ■■ S ON D j‘ 

, HE^Senq 
!'■!'' Agbfdfo^Bs' 

[-Seofti • Pomppsiehx 
TMptf . 7:<. StodcKtaff^ 

Utorvfey " I Pmv. ■ ' <' 

Close . Oaso. ..ptiesise 

. 20R^7Z-:.2^fl^. 4 O.W: 
tjmjBO 2^^ 

. ; 19; 19^135 - ^4 

^87 . 643At- .-2^ 

A senior official in the Ministry 
of namung and Invesnsent said Ia» 
month that approval for the $250 
milli on project with the Interior 
Ministry would be granted before 
tile end of 1996. 

Some manufacturers have com- 
plained that too many licenses have 
Dam apixoved for a market in which 
just 39,800 vehicles were sold in 

Chrysler Corp. is reviewing plans 
to open a $192 million assembly 
plant near Ho Chi hfinh City be- 
cause the field has been opened to so 
many competitors. 

.•.maa 797^- , 

»-Se^ .[; • ppmppeitolodexl eaS.g 

.7:^^ 6,820!%:' 

• iMn5a'!;r FSE' ' ■ '^lafear ' 3^ts& ■ 

' ' fizsi-4o ■ ■ 2 ^^' .-titm 

Boa ^- .-^Sensaiva index 

Sourre: ratotairs incnKMionJHenUT^^ 

Very briefly; 

• Toshihide Iguchi, the key figure in Daiwa Bank Ltd.'s 
bond trading scandal, wrote a brok that will be released next 
week. “The Confession” details how Mr. Iguchi, who was 
sentenced last month to four years in prison, lost nearly $1 
billion in unauthorized U.S. bond trading, which forced the 
luink to close down its U.S. operations. 

• PCI Leasing & Finance Inc., a unit of I^ilippine Com- 
mereiai International Bank, gained 8 percent in its stock 
exchange debut in Manila. Shares closed at 730 pesos (29 
cents), up from an offering price of 6.95 pesos. 

• Philippine inflation rose to an annualized 5.1 percent in 
DecembCT from 4.5 percent in November, and is expected to 
range from about 6 percent to 73 percent bi 1 997. 

• The Central Bank of the Philippines said it would sign a 
U.S. dollar repurchase agreement Tuesday with the People's 
Bank of China that will allow the banks to lend one another 
U.S. Treasury bills that they can sell to support their cur- 

a Vietnam is targeting an economic growth of 9 percent to 10 
percent in 1997, after two consecutive years of 93 percent 
grov/th, and industrial production growth of 14 percent to 14.5 
percent. Reuters. Blefomber^. AFP 

A Vmtner’s Lawyetiy Approach Squeezes Out Profit 

CtMitiniied from Pi^ 11 

grapes was cmivested into alotiiol and 
carbon dioxide. 

Efforts to restart tiiB process ftfied, and 
ihe wine was bottled with the rmfrymffrv - 
ted sugar — just a touch — stfll in it 
>^ntner's Reserve was an instant success. 
Experts say that the new prodnex i^- 
imized tie sweet taste of jug wine, at- 
tracting an anny of diinkecs witling to pay 
a few drdlats uKie for a better IdieL 
Rom 18300=cases tte yea; cotai- 
Ifontkdl-Jackacn d^nients cose to an 
estimated 2.6 mSfion cases in 1SI96, with 
ATintner's Reserve accounting for 64 per- 
cent. No direa m Gallo; wbicb produced 
an estimated 55 nnlliQO cases in 1996, 
but ioqvessive for a 14-year-<Mi]psi;^ 
“Jess is a gei^ at calcolatii^ mice 
pomts.” ooe m tns cooqietitois saia “In 
ms eaiiy days, wineries like S^iastiani 
were going ftr the low end; $3, $4 a 
botde. Otim Ske Cbafean Sl Jean, were 

develapang tiie $9 cat^ocy. Jess saw a 
specs between tiie two and fflled iL*' 
hfr. Jackson conemred. ' ‘We sold out 
tiie *82 vintage in tix months and price 
was certainly part of it We started just 
mtder then we rais^ it 12 times in 12 

yean.” Vintners Reserve now leta^ 
for aramd $12. 

Besides XendaH-Jacks(Ni, Mr. Jack- 
son’s holdings inclnde 11 wineries in 
Califoniia. a winery and vineyards in 
Italy, a leased winery in Chile and two 
square iiiiles of vines in Axgentina. The 
wineries other than Kendalt- Jackson are 
grouped under the name Artisans and 
Estates and produce small batches of 
fai^ber-pricea wmes, 

KeodBll-Jadcsoa’s drsnatic expaosioo 
has gtveo rise to some eqaaOy dramatic 
talk ttixmt die co m pany's fawncial dr- 
cmastances, which Mr. Jackson brushed 
off iritii an inqntient wave of tiie hand. 

“We are in excellent financial ccxi- 
ditimi,” be said, “and it gets better all 



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Herald IVibiioe 

Morgan Stanley’s Chief Looks to Asia for Growth 

the time. Why, we are the Bank of 
America's favorite winery.” 

In recent months, Mr. Jackson's hir- 
ing (ti a Los Angeles financ ial public 
n»larinn< firm gave rise to talk ftat be 
was about to rate ^ con^rany publk. 

“We reserve tiiat optica.'' Aa. Jack- 
sem s^ “but we have absolurely no 
plans to do it now.' ’ 

Jean-hficfael ValleOB, who w^cfacs tiie 
wine inckistry as a partner in Hambredic 
& Quist. a San Francisco bank, agrees 
with this iq)b^ a^ esnn e at of die cnen- 
pany’s finmcial sitnatiem. “In die early 
dsys, Jess deariy needed outside help 
and was certainly highly levenged,” bfr. 
VaDette said. “But to^ he can attract 
the highest-quality leodm and get the 
most attractive financing terms.” 

Mr. Jackson releases no precise fig- 
ures but doesn't argue with an estimate 
that Keodall-Jacksoo has profits of 
about $40 minion a year just firom 
Vintner’s Reserve. 

Bloomberg Busaiea News 

BANGKOK >— Barton Biggs. Mor- 
gan Smnley & Co.'s head of global 
mvestmem strategy, said Monday that 
equity markets in Thailand, South 
Korea Incha could outperform other 
markets in Asia if tfaeu economies 

He also said be expected the U.S. 
market u> fell between lOperceiitandSO 
percent this year because ecxxiomic 

growth and the outlook for corporate 
earnings were not good enewgh to sus- 
tain the current bull market 

Last month. Mr. Bi^ cut stock hold- 
ings in his model glol^ asset portfolio 
by almost a quarter. A U.S. decline 
c^d focus investors oo A^ where 
recent declines offered buying oppor- 

On a doUar-adjusted basis, the Smek 
Exchange of Tbuland’s benchmark in- 

dex fell 36 percent last year, Korea's 
composite stock index fell 32 percent 
and the Bombay Stock Exchange Sen- 
sitive Index fell 3 percent 
For the lime being, however. Mr. 
Biggs said he had not decided if Thai- 
land's economy was strong enough to 
sui^n a rally. Last year, the Thai econ- 
omy grew at the slowest pace in a de- 
cade and many analysts expect the same 
weak rate of growth this year. 


16, avenue Morie-Therese, L-2132 Luxembourg 

ElfiecUve Februarr 1st, 1997. Citicorp loTcsUDCDt Book 
(Sioopore) LimitecC wiU be appoLoted iDvatnnit Advisor for 
the Kmemn^ Asian Markets cquitr Citiportfolio io liea of 


lied iDvatnnit Advisor for 
ity Citiportfolio io liea of 

A revised Safes Pfasp ro iis wiD rdlect these 

CaUportfbUoe SJk. 


16, Avanue AAcste-lherM L‘-2I32 Luxmnboutgf 

Artide 4b} and Article 9 of the MaoageiDeot Beguiatioos wiD be 

araeoded in order to aOow; 

- the Fund to iaveM in tramienble securities listed oo official 
Slock eschanges io the Aoiericas. Europe aod Middle Fast. Asia, 
fWania or Mica oT traded oo another regulated narkei io one 
of these couotries whidi operates Tcgularly aod is recognised 
and open to the public. 

- the MaoageoieBt Compaoy to apply s redempdoD fee, wbeo 
considered appropriate, io case of significant redemptioo 

This changes will cone into effect one month after puMicadon of 

tbe present notice. 

A revised Sales Prospectus wQl rcBeci these changes. 

eXtinvest SbA. 


^ Gtieofp InvastiiMSXt ManagemcDt (Laxereoboiirg) S.A. 
(the ‘^danager'7 with rrjnrirrrd office at 16, avenue Marie- 
ThMse, Luxembourg to mdtfaoMers of Super Asia 
Infrastroctore Fund (the ‘‘FudcT^ 

The fund she of Super Asia Infrastructure Fund has fallen to 
below US$ 1.5MM. At such leveL it would be increasingly 
difficult in achieve diversiCcadoo of investments and as a 
result there would be an increased level of volatility of 
performaiKe. Furthermore. U would not be cost-effective to 
run the Fund as tbe higber cost associated with a ■mailer 
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Pursuanl to Ardele 18 of ibe Management Reg^adona, tbe 
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tbe Custodian, the terminadon can best serve the interest of 
(he unrthoUer. The Mamiger wiD realue the assets of the Fund 
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given by the Manager, the Cuatodiao «riU distribute the net 
proceeds of the litjuidation among the linitholders in 
pnmrtion to their n^ta, after deduedon of liquidadon fees 
aod expenses. 

Hie Directors of tbe Manager have decided that in the beat 
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la the meantime, you may bunsfer your boldingfl into other 
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^ HcralbS^ribune. 


PAGE 18 





Thomas Sykora hittiiig a pole 
on the way to slalom victory. 

Sykora Victorious _ 

SKUNO Thomas Sykora of Aus- 
tria skied a near'perfect second rw 
in rough and snowy conthtions in 
Krwjska Gora, Slovenia. Monday 
to win his third World Cup slalom 
race of the season. His combined 
tune after two runs was 1 minute. 
41.93 seconds. Sebastien Amiez of 
France finished second in the race , 
with 1:42.29. iAP) 

Life Raft for Sailor 

SAILING Ircnch yachtsman Thi- 
erry Dubois scrambled aboard a life 
r^ dropped to him by Australian 
rescuers in the storm-lashed South- 
ern Ocean, an Australian Air Force 
spokesman said late Monday. 

Dubois, 29, had been clinging to 
die hull of his upturned yacht Am- 
nesty International for about 24 
hours, and eariier had been unable 
to secure a life raA dropped by 
another Australian plane. 

Hie crew of the second plane, 
which was on its way back to Perth, 
had spotted the second yacht. Globe 
Exide Challenger, piloted by a 56- 
year-old Eoghstunan. Tony Bul- 
limorr, about 60 kilometers (35 
miles) away from the Frenchman. 

Both were competitors in the 
Ven^ Globe Chklenge solo, 
round-the-world race. {AFP ] 

Toshack Will Leave 

SOCCER John Toshack smd he 
would quit as coach of Deportivo 
Coruna at the end of the season in 
after a defeat by Barcelona. 

*T will not contuiue at Depoit- 
ivo. whatever happw." said 
Toshack. who was critictzed along 
widi Barcelona's Bobby Robson 
for the poor level of play in Sat- 
urday's match. "With or without 
tides. I will not stay on." 

• Howard WiDonson. fined in 
September after eight years with 
Lwds United, will betxxne tbe Eng- 
li^ Football Association's technical 
rtiiecUX'. He will oversee tal^ de- 
velopment {Reuters) 

UEFA Investigates 

soccsi An investigating 
tribunal is examining new lega- 
tions of corruption and match-^- 
ing said to be exposed in a French 
judiciary report on Bernard Tapie 
and the Olympique Marseille af- 
fair. The team, set up by UEFA, the 
governing body of European soc- 
cer. is also investig^g Club 
Bruges of Belgium, said a UEFA 
spokesman. Club Bruges lost twice 
to Marseille in the 1992-93 Euro- 
pean Cup. UEFA refuses to give the 
identities of the thm members of 
the tribunal. (Reuters) 

Nimes Eliminated 

SOCCER Third division Nimes. 
French Cup finalists last season, 
failed to leWh the first round this 

"it’s the end of a love affair 
between Nimes and the fmnch 
Cup." coach Piene Mosca said 
after his team lost, 1-0, to the host, 
second-division Toulouse, in a pie- 
liminaiy round match on 
Sunday. {Reuters) 

Carolina Rides Tide of Emotion After Cowboys Fall 

By Richard Justice 

Vtofci'wgfpB Poa Service 

CHARLOTTE, North Carolina — A 
wild, turbulent season ended for the 
Dallas Cowboys as the Carolina Pan- 
thers rode a tidal wave of emotion aitd 
big plays into the National Football 
Conference championship game. 

That die Panthers' 26-17 victory 
Sunday over the defending Super Bowl 
champions was easier than virtually any- 
one expected made the pleasant evening 
even more j^ous for the roaring sellout 
crowd of 72.808 at ^cssmi Stadium. 

After Carolina intercepted Troy Aik- 
man three tim es, made three defensive 
~~g5al-line stands and got 1 04 yards from 
running back Ajichony Johnson, cbey 
enjoy^ a moment that will be framed in 
the hearts and'minds of the Carolinas for 

The victory sends the Panthers to 
Green Bay^ Wisconsin, next Sunday for 
- the NTC championship game, putting 
both second-year franchises — Jack- 
sonville and Carolina — in conference 
cb^pitMiship games. 

As the Panthers were celebrating, the 
agin g Cowboys were putting the final 
punctuation maik on a bumpy ride of a 

Michael Irvin suffered a broken col- 
larbone on die Cowboys' sectmd of- 
fensive play when the Panthers line- 
backer Lamar Lath on drilled him into 
the turf. Having already lost defensive 
tackle Leon Lett to a drug suspension, 
losing Irvin early in the game arid Deion 
Sanders to a head injury late was more 
than Ae Cowboys could overcome. 

Quarterback Troy Ailonan threw 
three interceptions, including two in the 
foisth quarter, as be was forcing the ball 
to receivers who had seldom b^ on tbe 
field tills season. Partly because of 
Ir^'s absence and partly because they 
never found any sort of offensive con- 
sistency this season, the Cowboys drove 
inside the Carolina 5-yard line four 
times and scored just one touchdown. 

‘ ‘It was the same story all year lo^," 
the Cowboys* coach, Barry Switzer, 
said. "We get down into scoring po- 
sition and can't get it in the end zone. It 
finally caught up with us. Our offense 
really struggled after losing Michael." 

Meanwhile, the Panthers did almost 
eveiythii^ right oo both sides of the 
ball. While Aeir defense made stand* 
after stand, quarterback Kerry Collins 
threw two touchdown passes and John 
Kasay kicked four field goals. 

Still, the Cowboys were in it until the 
very end. They trtuled 23-17 whenAik- 
man threw a deeip ^s down the left 
sideline for Kevin Williams. Aikman 
may have had Williams open for an 
instant, but safety Pat Tenell came out 
of nowbene. intercepted tbe ball and 
returned it 49 yards to kill the final 
Cowboys' ihreaL 

* ‘When we had opportunities to make 
plays, we failed to w it" Aikman said. 
"I’m extremely disappointed, Carolina 
earned the right to be m this ball game. 
They're very goo^ very well coached. 

"We inflicted a lot of things on 
ourselves tlus season. Considering what 
we've been through, to continue to 
battle like we dd is a real tribute. 
There's a lot of tilings this football team 
needs to get back to where we want to 

The Cowboys had plenty of chances. 

. One of them came on Carolina’s first 
possession when safety Darren Wood- 

Mixed Reactions 

Lev Angeles Tunes 

Kerry Collins, Pantiiers 
’"There aren’t too many people in 
this wedd who think we ^ould be 
doing what we’re doing. We 
coul&'t beat the 49ers twice, 
couldn’t be the divisitxi chanqiions 
and couldn’t beat the defending 
world champions. 

"That's what we want to bear, 
that's what we feed olf." 

Toi Cook, Panthers 

"If you look at the teams in the 
playoff and the players who are 
doing well like Nairone Means, 
Mark Brunell, Andre Rison and 
Desmond Howard, they are all 
castofts who are doing well for the 
teams that wanted them. That’s 
what drives this team. Kevin 
Greene wants to prove to Pittsbu^ 
they made a mistake in luit keeping 
him. Greg Kragen wants to prove to 
Denver they made a mistake, 
Carlton Bailey wants to prove that 
everybody made a mistake," 

On the possibility of a Carolina- 
Jacksonville Super Bowl: 

"I don't think the NFL and the 
networks will allow it to happetL 
It's like making a movie: You want 
Arnold and Sylvester: not Kurt 
Russell and Gabriel Byrne." 

Nate Newton, Cowboys 
"No team in our shoes could 
overcome what we did to even get 
in this position. The police, me 
judge, the media, tiie NFL, sus- 
pensions, alle^ions, every step of 
the way we didn't get a good deal. 
There was never a week where the 
media asked us football questions; 
bi^er men would have broken." 

Doug HDlinV ^NSciMrd nji 

Carolina's Lamar Latlion sadting Dallas*s quarterback, Troy Aikman^iirifiie third quarter of their playoff gamfc. 

How the Pats Stopped ^Blitzburgh^ 

There was never a week where the Kwi raws Service 

media asked us football questions; *r^OXBORO, Massachusetts — Bill 

bi^er men would have broken." l^icells was nervous in the roo- 

A. menis before the New Engianri 

Patriots’ fir^ snap of their playoff game 
son intercepted a poorly thrown ball by against the Steelers, for the coach had 
Collins. The Cowboys drove from their reluctantly given Drew Bledsoe the go- 
own 47 to Ae Carolina 1 . but on third ^ad to ch^lenge the Steelers’ comer- 
and goal , Smith was drap^ for a three- Rod Woodson vrith a deep pass, 

yard loss and the Cowbim settled for a "I was choking a little hit." Parcelis 
22-yard field goal from Chris Btxiiol. said. "But it was a planned play." 

With Sanders lined up on one side, Bledsoe’s arm and Terry Glenn’s 
the Panthers went after the other Dallas hands and Curtis Martin’s feet can often 
comerback, Kevin SmitiL supplement charms for Parcelis, who had 

Smith is one of the National Football a chai, the Hebrew symbol for life as a 
League’s best pure cover men, but he good-luck charm, in his pocket Sunday, 
can be rattled. On Carolina's next drive. So Bledsoe unloaded the ball, and the 

he was flagged for the first of three pass rout was <» as the quarterback's missile 
interference calls. -Defensive tarkle— -sailed rhTynigh.tbg fog-apd.Jingering 

Vantage Point / 0inaldEsken*zi 

against the Jacksonville Jagoais. him two or three times last weekife 
On the Patriots’ second drive, the This was a surreal setting for ti« 
lumbering Keith Byars went 34 yards Steelos’ouster. Last Jamiaiy they were 
with a screen pass to make it 14-0. in die Super Bowl, losing to the Dallas 
In the sect^ quaitea', Martin, lined Cowboys, 27-17. 
up far back so be hiul options covoing . ' With fog blanketing the field Suiiday. 
which way to go, generated tte second- mairing ft seem as if tbe game were 
longest run in pfeyoff history — the - played ifaroi:^ a gauze veil, the Steeled 
loagBstwasan80-yatdnmby^49ers.*-'werepuniiogfiromthefirstdrive. x 
Rogca- Craig against the Dolphins m * Jerome Bettis, whose nmning abiliqr 
1988. His 7^yairdBr was ernshmg, ght- allows the Stedecs to work fee twi$- 

Tony Casillas was hit wifli a personal 
foul call and tbe Paiuhers needed just six 
plays to go 68 yards. Collins ended the 
drive «dih a one-yard touchdown pass to 
tight end Wesley Walls that made it 7- 

Motnents later, Collins threw a 10- 
yard touchdown pass to Willie Green to 
make it 14-3. 

The Cowboys answered vritfa a won- 
derful drive, a^inding l4-{riay. 73-y^ 
drive that consumed 8'A minutes. Aik- 
man completed six straight passes oti 
the drive, including the final one. a two- 
yard touchdown throw to a leaping, 
twisting IHayl Johnston. 

That was the first and last Dallas 
touchdovm, and when they failed to 
convert the two-point conversioo, they 
still trailed 14-9. Asafety made it 14-U, 
but that was as close as the Cowboys 

smoke from ajKegame fireworks dis- 
play. U landed in the creative hands of 
Glenn, the rookie receiver, who took ft 
all the way to the 2. And with that one 
play, covering S3 yards, the Pats had 
matched tbe longest pass tbe Steelers 
had yielded this season. 

Woodson, tbe only active comerback 
on the National Football League’s 75tii 
anniversary team, was beaten. 

"We wanted him to know," Parcelis 
said in that cool way that makes you 
understand how smart be is, "we’d 
throw his way." 

One play later, Martin slip-slided into 
the end zone. 

Two more big scoring plays pcopelled 
New England to a 21-% halftime lead, 
and tbe P^ots went on to a 28-3 victory 
over Pittsburgh and gained a spot in the 
American Football Conference cham- 
pionship same in Foxboro next Sunday 

1988. His 78-yarder was crashing, ght- allows the Stedera go work the twir 
ingtbePatsalhreo4ouchdowDe4^and quartoback system, was hampered bya 
allowing them to run a cooservaiive gn^iojiny. HewasbeIdto4^yardsoD 
offense. He would cap New England’s 13 carries. While Tomc 2 a]|j 2 ad.a deoeat 
scoring wxA a!^-yard ran in Ite'fij^ pereema^ by con^kting .16 ^of 29 
quarter. hemuM gaiw-xiMs H -ftyarrk_ 

In Paroefts’-feu^ year., the -Patriots,:- Martin ,.wbo-grew;upiitPiasbuzgb. 
wereontbe^waytobeiiighasCfbrfoar : played -at Pitt and now<caUs himS^ 
first champuxiship game. '."“'"r. ’ ’mfampusinmy hometowii,’'chuined 

Martin’s tixree touchdowns coniqile- out 166 yards on only 19’cairies. Bled- 
mented the Patriots’ handling of the soe. who completed Ito first sevee 
Steelers’ blitz, while Piti5bcir]^’5 quar- passes, was Z4 for 24 for 264 yards. ?■ 
terback tandem of MiJre Tranezak and The I^lriots do well at home, bavid| 
Kordell Stewart were pressur^ into a gone 6-2 during tiie regular season wbOe 
sldttiaiiiggame.neveresiaUisfaiDgadan- -file Steelers were 3-5 oo tbe road. And 
^zous tiqrtiim. Stewart, tbe designated having drawn a bye in the first round qf 
situation quarterback who can execute the playoffe gave the Pass the time they 
tbe ootioo and runs with ereat talent, needed to fieure out bow to halt tisi 

rtin’g three touchdowns comple- out 166 yards on only 19’catries. Bled- 
d the Patriots’ handling of the soe. who completed Ito first sevee 
rs’ blitz, while Piti5bcir]^’5 quar- passes, was Z4 for 24 for 264 yards. ?■ 
k tandem of MiJre Teanezak and The I^lriots do well at home, bavid| 
ft Stewart were pressur^ into a gone 6-2 during tiie regular season wbOe 
tag game. oeveresiaMishiDgadan- -file Steelers were 3-5 oo tbe road. And 
i tiqrihm. Stewart, tbe designated having drawn a bye in the first round qf 
on quarterback who can execute the playoffe gave the Pais the time they 
ftioD and runs with great talent,- needed to figure out bow to halt 
to CGonplele any afhis 10 passes. : Steekas’ fiuoed rush, known as^ 
h all tills going for them, tbe Pat-- Blitzbui^ . 
ire sailing and confident- as tiiey '"We worked on it bard, but we had 

With all tills going for them, tbe Pat-^ 
riots are sailing and confident- as tiiey 
piep are to face the Jagu^ coadied by 
Parcelis’ ptoi^ from his Giants’ days,- 
Tom Cov^iUrL Tbe teams met earlio* 
season, tile Patriots wiDnmg in over-T 


"This isn't easy for either of us," 
Parcelis said of CMghlin, "I spolre to 

NFL: As Both Gain in the Playoffs, Expansion Teams Score Early 

Continued from Page 1 

history of the NFL: It will be a day when 
the pups of the league join the biggest 

How did it hwpen? So many NFL 
franchises have own around so much 
longer, have so much more experience. 
They were supposed to have at least a 
leg up on the two teams with such little 
history, such little national foQowing 
and such little respecL 

Brsu Carolina and Jacksonville dd 
not just show up. lack the ball off and 
begin playing last season. Carolina was 
awarded its franchise on Oct 26. 1993, 
at an owners meeting in Chicago. Jack- 
sonville earned its spot as the league’s 
30to franchise a month later. 

Hitis, both teams could sit on the 
sideline and watch tbe entire 1994 NFL 
season. Both took notes. Both mulled 

their options. Both paid attention to 

The owners, Jerry Richardson in Car- 
olina and Wayne Weaver in Jacksmi- 
ville. set the standard with a first-class 
^iproach in nearly everything tiiey 
touched. Carolina had both its general 
manager (BUI Pollan) and head coach 
(Dom Capers) in place within three 
montiis or gaining its franchise. Jack- 
sonriile had its ceneb (Tom Coughlin) 
and semor vice (xesident of football 
oper^ons (Michael Huyghue) m place 
within two months. 

Their peers around the league com- 
plained that both expansion teams 
gained advantages unlike any previous 
exransiwi team. 

The chief criticism was that each 
team gained a total of 14 extra choices in 
the last two drafts, which helped them 
dramatically. Second, their peers said. 

both clul» bad the help of a new pool of 
players provided through free agency. 

The r^ difference paA expan- 
sion teams is what both did with feose 
opportunities. Both drafted with speed. 
sk& and ch a racter in mind. Both drafted 
playCTs w4io would be molded into a 
cctiiesive tmiL Both proceeded to do tbe 
molding. And aii the wiiDe, both 
reminding tiieir personnel that th^ 
were not expansion teams at all — that 
tiiefe was not a lO-year plan or even 
five-year one but tb^ the goal was to 

That idea has been cracial to both 
teams' success. Think like a veteran 
team. Think tike a championship team. 
Play like one. 

The coaching staffs of both teams 
have excelled. Both teams have fash- 
ioned stout defeases, a critical elenaent 
to winning champimshqis. 

■ ; m-} 


EB» ^wfirtilirrbBAneflimftMi 

Linebacker Dwayne Sabb cheering 
on the Patriots against the Steelers. 

two weeks to work cm it," left guasl 
WUliams Roberts said. 

Tbe Steelers' aggression was used 
against them. /j 

Martin's cutback style combined 
with Bledsoe's quick th ro e-step drop, 
which enabled tbe qnarterback to get ito 
of 'the bell before he was bemen to 
groond. And because he has such la 
powerful atm, be can get distance on his 
i throws even with the short drop. 

If tiiere was a moment vriieo tile Steel- 
era might have gotten back into the gatne, 
they qinckly missed it Down by 14-0'm 
the second quaittr, they tried a dating 
maneuver on fbutib-aDd-4 from th^ 
own 37. From a pant formation, the 
was snapped directly , to fred McAfee 
I instead ix Josh MiUer, tbe pui^. 
’ McAfee pJdced iq? 10 yards. Bettis 
qnickly gamed 1 1 more, and suddenly ti)e 
Steeters were in New Rn gfanH ter ri to ry. 
But here die Patriots' defense to& 
over with consecutive sacks. The Steel- 
era were poshed ba^ 15 yards. Mo- 
mentum ended. 

On the following drive. Martin pitif 
duced his 78-yard nm. Trailing by 21 
the Steelers put in Stewartfoil'oinczak 
Stewart m a passing mode and ilbt 
able to employ lus razzle-dazzle, hardly 
Patriots. By the end of the 
haft, Tomezak was back. 


Hew England 28. Pmsovrgh 3 


Conlna nl Green Bey; I2n0 pjit 
JodBonvIlle at New En^oiKt A pm 



























1 8 















































































UL Lakers 























GaUen Stole 
















14 32-93 




19 2^ M 

l-A. OhmemWiIgnT 5-11 6-»14Sea1y 5-10 
MIS SAj Maxwell 8.31 4.A2X0ton 4-14 

5- 9 17. ffwbwedx LA. Oepen S9 (Wil^ 
11). Son Antanto 47 (Henera 10). 
Auirti LA CHppcfs 22 (AAonfai 7). Sm 

Mllwaelee 28 23 15 2^^ 

NewYMl 27 28 21 18-87 

M: Robkaon 9-18 7-82S. Boner 8-14 4,6 2S 
N.Yj Ewing 1344 4-6 a HOvMn 7-1$ 0-2 
liJletewe* Mlheeulief 44 OtettsonS). 
New YM 48 (OaUey. Ewhg 11). 
Assise-MBwaukee 14 (Roblnon Sh New 

rtiOWln- 31 23 24 2^102 

Beriee 20 23 22 33—108 

P: Bfyam8-T3M24 Johnson 4-18 S4 1& 
Penan M M 1 Si B: Day 9-1 8 4^ 2& Wesley 

6- 12 10-10 22. RehModi Phaewh 49 

U-wnnems. snam S). aosien 40 (Conlon, 
WBlkar. ta 7). AssbD— Phonix 30 
(JelMiSOn 7). Boston 28 (WsMey 8). 
mandrlilMll 28 29 21 23-106 

SemnHte- 29 X 89 I 8-107 

P: CNefnai 1S23 8-10 as hviwn 4-13 40 
1* S; AbduK«evrM4442S aOMNndMl 
S-7 atmijuaiu nRAklt*ilB 61 (Caiman 
14). Sooiinenla 41 (Smfth 12). 
AiFlili ridinitfinMn 21 (Colanan, ivwMn 

O, SoenmeniD 22 (Potynm 7). 

UL Lakers 14 X 24 M- 83 

vaneaeeir x x 22 20-«2 

UL LokOB OUeel 13.Z1 5-9 31. Jonn 7-9 
M 21; V: Peeler 4-17 M 17. Lynch 4-11 4-7 
la AMurJeoNm *12 *10 12. 

RMoonds— UL Loken 48 (ONeel 12). 
vonwMver n (L«ikIi 14). Assists — ul 
L aken 33 (Van Exel 23), VOnowvor 31 


How Dm X MM h Dm AesaeNM 

Pme' e ele ge eiiltiiiief poB teed lu 

I. Konoos n>0} beat WaSMigm 9S45; 
bent Braem 107.49; bent Kansas Stale 6a-M, 
Z Woke Fereal (1M) heal NOl 7 Utah 7D-S9; 
beot No. 1 1 North conano ai -37. X Kontufty 
(1>l) iKill Na 14 LOUteOe 7444; boot Ten- 
iwssoo 74 . 4 a 4. Iowa Stale (1M) best Tons- 
PenAiM)iC8n44-ttbetf Mbsewl 6S4S.5. 
OMMOA (1M) beat MonMI 73-57; beat 
Saudi Cnrallna Sleta 43-44. 

a Ondimad beatSevdKBStAtbsouit 
weu Missowi State lOi-tt beat Sobd Lous 
6442. 7. Utah 19-z lost ID No. 2 Wole Poiest 
7D-S9: beat Cotaede State 8443. a NUdiigM 
(1(L3) low to niisbuigh 85-78; tost to Ohto 
State 73-71; beta W iA lliw u t ui i 7M7. 9. Art- 
Kvnla81-aft bate No. 31 Slanted 76-75. la 
vBtannn (11-1) bent North Cmdna-WUn- 
ingtan 87-aR best Solan Had 3B47. 

I I . North CoraBrn (9-2) kat to Na 2 woiie 
Feiesl 81-S7. 12. Indiana (14.2) beat Mldd- 
gon State 7743; lost to WiKiMBln 7I4a 11 
Duka (11-2) beot Wo sta m CoreBno 1D4-S« 
bent souih Cmurn State 104-54- boot Gear, 
gta Tedi 46-56. 14 LnitaWlle (1 1 - 1 ) lest to Na 
3 Keidudqr 7*S4S beat AtaboOM-BInnlng- 
bom 93-79. 15. Mi nn es ota (13-1) beat Mercer 

9*43; beat Wtecana li i 6S-4 bool MWilgan 

16. NcwMsdca n 1 -a taor n ttawaB 73-tt 
17. Xovleb Ohio (104) beat Wrg&da Tech 
1U47. la Teass (7.3) losita no)MBKz74> 
64 beet OUahene Stale 99 . 5 a 1 9. Meqiofld 
03-1] loitta Goorgia 734& OT; beat Vli^ 
78-49. 9a Oregon nao) bent Oregon State 

21 . Stanleid (0-2) beat Aiteno Stale fl -63; 
lostto NaOArfzene 76-73.22. Artmai (6-0 
lost to Mtasbslp^ 91 -74i leg M FMiMa 7342. 
23. Tbns Tech (9-2) beat Beytw 86-75. 34 
tenels (ll-3Mogto Purdue TMK ben ONe 
Stole 72-64 25. Boston CnSege (8>Z b«t 
Altowi 65 bent SetanHol 8044 


PMtodetoMo X 13 4 54 

Heride 21 10 9 51 

N.Y. Rangers X 14 5 09 

NenJeraey 31 U 2 45 

WosMngton 17 X 4 X 

'N.Y.Iskitid« 12 19 I S 

Tampa Boy 13 X 5 31 

W L T Pts 

BuMta 21 IS 4 46 lai 106 

pmsurgh 21 15 4 46 140 127 

Halted 17 IS 7 41 no IX 

Modren IS IB 8 X 131 140 

BeOen IS 18 6 X 113 IX 

OBewB 12 19 7 31 104 113 

COmiAl, OtVteGN 

W 4 T Pta 6F «A 
onha a IS 3 49 118 1M 

DetteT X 13 7 47 IB BS 

Ptanb 18 18 4 40 110 IX 

SLLsuta 10 X 4 40 lx IX 

Odeego is ai 7 x 111 ix 

Toronto 17 24 0 x ix ix 


■ L r Pis 6F 6A 
CaletBde X 10 6 54 143 96. 

Bdmentoii 10 18 4 « IX 127 

Vteeeunr IB 18 1 37 119 IX 

Ambelm 14 9 5 X 112 IX 

^tgory 14 22 5 33 102 121 

Son JOM 14 21 4 X im 135 

LosAnget es 13 P 4 X 1M IX 

Pkeeooi 0 i 0..1 

Bo0go 12 2-4 

Pint Period: B-Dane 9 (GoBeil SoeoPd 
Perteta B-P)onta 19 (Bormbiv GXey) a.. 
PheoBta Renrtng 7 IMotserk TkogwU 
(pp). X GneX 10 CPunta. Bemoby) 
•nw PcrM: B-PtafX a onttna. ward) 

(pp}.4 B-SmctiBke (Maere,SunWBe)Steta 
00 goob Pteierta 11’14-4r-3l. B- 11-16- 
6—33. SoXb Ptneds, KhoUbulbL 8- 

SLlMta 0 3 2-5 

NewJorecy 2 • i-3 

m Period: NJ.-Ste«em 3 (Citate 
OdeWii) a HJrPtedelle 2 WacLeov 
Rolstan} Second Pvtadi &.L-T«lt90on 4 
[Hun, PoTBon). A LL-Persson 2 (Csmy* 
yam & SJ--Pelatn 3 (Y«K) TkH PtHodt 
LL.-Za0rersKy 1 iCoumnn h New Jersey. 
Aftevyteub 13 (Doneyta McKoyl a S-La 
M oltaeu 11 rrurpeoa) Cod. Utes os goob 
LL-1t)-]9-4— aa ILL. 10-9-14— 33. oeelee 
S.i,R4»r. N J.-Bi«dtar. 

Detrgt 1 3 0 »-« 

Ckfenge 3 110-5 

nm Ptried: C-fitoHi I (Sow« i 
DOB 9 (Krtvotoesey) a DAtaUot 13 
(Pedorw; Fedsev) LC-CurBtidns2(MereeOf 
SowTdl a D-Orsper 3 (Fatsoy) Sente 

Poto* D-Fedonr 19 (Kflaev) 7, D., 
Ytoinan 12 (Dendeneidt UdslrM Z C- 
CboBte 4 (Bioefc. Shotez) L O-LopoMe 9 
(UdtaenvYcamMn) (ppl.ThIrd Period— 1& 
C-SVtor 3 (OieBas) OwrtbiB None. Sbota ee 
gete D- )«-12^«-34. C- U7-1»4-X. 
OeUtass D-ltanan. C4eNter, 


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World Cup 


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go ss l n ger VmUai 1H2J4 (SailffI A 4. 
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1:41X (51 JMDL76). a Meilo RXv (Aus- 
tria) 1 aOdO (51 J1/5I XT), 7. Ctaigton Atayor 
(Ausbto) IMZ79 (51^051.49), a Mbwto 
Tonto OtaW yjX99 (5L44S1 J5L % Ptte 
ifd( Bowpont (Pmee) 1-43JI3 (5256/5047), 
la tatetaobu Kbearo CMparU l»ao6 

■Wmh ■ta ataii w 1. TbomoO SyUon 
(Aul) ax peMb a Tbonm Staagaagitaer 
(AuO 200 a Seboaden AndB (Ro) 174. 4. 
IQflR Andn Aaawdt (Nei) 147, & Ton 
soaraoi (Noi) 140 a SlegOled Vaglieber 

(Aid) 1 20 7. Alberto TMiba dio) 1 la a Jut 
KoBlr (Sta) m, 9. MImfewtav Nmuta (jpn) 
109.10 ChiMon Moyer (jBiO loa ' 
c»««nB aeMOtaeM 1.Haa»Knaus(Au0 
461 polnte a iWUnel WR Gfuenbi^ (SM) 
447, X Tlnnns Sykora Md) 38a 4 jges 
Antae Aoraon (Nort 3S5, s: Luc AJptxmd 
(no) 352, a Stan Lodte (SwO X7, 7. Jetef 
SbeM (AUD 29Z a'Stagfttad Vtagiigier (Auo 
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Hon Moyer (API) 25L 

8H1*B4Bmil— HI 

l a mBn a rw Ii lnB i looted by dw RTF Ttaur 

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aCoranUatdeevleCCmdta) 0492 

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PAGE 19 


9 Japan Sees Red 

ir Grip on Traditional Sports 

By Andrew P6Dacjc 

Ntw Kihfc 7(M0 Service 


T okyo — &.*S‘eooa^ to* make ' 
Jigoro Kapo turn over in faia 
grave.' Kano established modeni 
j wto in 188^ and Ae' Jj^Moeae judo 
has leJfgipnslty adhered to *»«- 
ffc ceptg. &ie sacred 'tiadBtiosi has been 
'1^ ju^ nnifonns 'Aonld be white, 
jjgntfving ptaity aiai d feanlTiw-BB 
' Last mcodi, bowing lo presmre fimn 

^irtyetoliveniipttie'yat-fnfirfw riMrwi, ' 
AQ Japm Inflo fenewirinw fip' 

its alhleles’ tt> eoq iipqt g on a tn«i ' 
!p^ in some Enropeao tncBBaments 
■wearing— gatp— Mae u ni ft a m s.-- 
To Ae Jainnese judo fedeiatimi, 
ibeaded by Kara’s graddson, it a 
'wrrachmg d»iam..Some judo iaao<' 
;titi<»ers in Japan saw it as a st^ down 
'die sl(^ of crass enm*nwei«ligm ibt 
’.conld lead to adverdsemeats and cor- 
jMxate logoaoD-mnfonns. 

In Jqnnmmypei^le regard judo not 
jteerdy as a ^>drt,'biit al so as a amminat 
mscqdine fiQr-aitainiiig self-pettedon, - 
■^A its roots m Ae code of wairiois 
Sttder'Jraan’s old feudal ^stem. 

^ **FormeEaropeanpeo|de, Aisishist 
V issue (tf sports uniroims,” Kiy- . 

‘Ofoii^ Seldne, of Kiiidai Judo iiiagazine. . 
.*3ut from Ae Japanese pomt review, 
|k’s a sect of synu^^ 

The conlxoyeny goes to Ae heart of a 

<rf -sa fliiess,** evolved fiom jtQitsu, a 
QBfftial art fas subduing an enemy wiA- 
oot using weapons. In 1911, judo was 
made mandatory foxsebool boys. Wfara 
Ae United States ocaqaed Japan after 
Wodd .War n, it briefly midawed judo 
and .oAer aits' for having con> 

• fiibiitcd to Japan’s miiTHwicin 
' Ju(to might be good as a discipline, 
but many peo{te &d it boring an d bard 
to follow. Juan AtttOniO Swtnaratirft^ . 
uesid^ of the IntexnatioQal Olympic . 
Committee, ttdd leadera th^ need 
to tnaif^ it more mteresting. 

Y OSHZRO Qkai, semor managmg 
dnector of Ae AD J^xn Judo 
Federation, saidd^if judo scons 
botirig, ft is riot because of urnftmtis bat 
hecamse ftaesnational xides allow con- 
testants to win by smaDnumeovets ratber 
than by throwing oppcHieats, as was otice 
zeqmM fti JqnnesB jndOL Ih 
sagm^dra pmi^, be said, uhfte outSts 
also pnTvidcAe best contrast to the black 

Stin, the foderation ooooedes Aat it 
catuiM Arid arw reference to Kario, the 
founder of judo, having decreed Aat 
urnfrara be white, arid historical]^ dif- 
.feient schools of juptsu had difreient 
colored umforms. 

. ' teanese judo officials did not se- 
lionuy craader boycotting Ae Euro- 

|inattial surra wrestlftig as tb^ 
Jhecome inMittnatifwuii. Afany J^ianese 
■are proud when one of Aetr sports be- 
‘somes popular elsewhere, and they Tike 
•Ae boons it bift^ J^an. 

Tnliftmati nnatiwirinn alsO that 

Japan can lose contred of Ae ^loct, icaid 
•Ae sport can lose colmral essence. 

“There are jodo dubs Fvebeeato in 
Emc^ where they dni’t even bow,” 
Otaid Joe Serianni, an intv»Tiigri/«Mii jnArt 
Ju^, vAiefa literally means the 

:need to particreate to remam 
~ compslffive. Jqian no In^ dornftiaies 
judo as it once Ad. Ibat loss of su- 
pseinacy seems to be betubd snne of the 

• iwawiftnent nf fiwt^ wifhwru^. 

Even in. Jraan, jt^ is loang 
ularity as (ADoren mvilate to b^ 
soccer, and oflier Western qxxcts! The 
number of practitiraecs regiaered wiA 
the judo federation has dnmied ftoin 
250,000 yeazs ago, to 20,000. 

. YoduhiBO SnznId, .who has nm a 
smaD jndo school in since 1950, 

8^ his emxdlnient fen from a peak 

' of airand 80 in the 1960s to about 30 
today. He said tod^.'s generation lacked 
tiie necessan bumilfty fn judo. “After a 
match, you bow,*’ he said. “Holding op 
your hsDds in a V sign is notpnper.” 

What has h^jpened to jodo might 
hrppen to sumo wrestGng, an ancient 
sport filled wtA saft-tinowing, fbot- 
gtAmping j «fiH hand-clqping rituals 
connected to Japan’s Shinto religion. 

Jqan’s amateur sumo fedezation 
wants sumo to becoine an Olyn^ qxirt 
and has organized ftuemanaoaf tourna- 
ments. The multinatiand future of sumo 
. could be glfti^ed last monAfattefliA 
Snmo Wexid ChamncmA^ in Tokyo, 
wiA wresdeis from 39 countries. To tra- 
dStionaKsts, it was not a pretty sight 

Sometdayeis Aook hands instead of 
bowing. Many wore spandea shorts un- 
derneaA titeftTnoHUsbi, die belttbat is (he 
sipposed tobe tiie thing wiestieis 
wear. Perhaps that was just as well. Two 
years rigo, CBie Hawanan wrestler did not 
tie bis mawadd weD. It feD off during a 

mntrh, leaving him nfllfw t in "il g 

To ft rip ro ve sumo’s of 

Olympic acceptaax, Ae amateur fed- 
eration is startmg a women's league tins 
moDth. There is one problem — sumo 
iraditira feritids women fnxn entering 
Ae dofyo, the raised ebo' ring. Women 
wiD wrestle on jd^c mat!^ instead. 

Jqtan’s i»ofi^ioDa] surra assodatioQ 
has not always welcomed fbrmgnecs. 
Snee 1992, no ftxdgner has 
entered the sumo world. WhDe tile sumo 
assodation sem this is just because no 
qnaKfiftd caiyfidateK have qpeated, oA- 
ers thtnfc the associatite has closed the 
door to nrxi-Jipanese. 

One concern, says Andy Adams, ed- 
itor of Sumo Wo^ magazine, is that 
foreigDeis do not adjust weD to sumo's 
spntan traftinig and seruQiity ^steiri, in 
whidi young wresties have to vripe the 
enfaer fear is fereigDeis would corrie 

to dominate sumo, as tii^ do judo. 

ftnw 'i*ii minJifrtfix* Hrawr fniif 

Dave Richardson, South Africa’s wick^eeper, swooping to catch out Anil Kumble. 

South Africa Routs India Again 


CAPE TOWN — South Africa made sure 
that it would win the t h ree-test series against 
India wiA a crushing victmy Monday in the 
second test in Cape Towil 
S ouA Africa hustled out India for 144 in 
just 66.2 overs wiA a emnbination of pace 
and spin to win by 282 runs. India was also 
bowlra out for less than 150 runs in boA 
innings in the first test in DnrbaiL 

India resumed on 52 for three. Captain 
Sachin Tendulkar, who made 169 m the first 
innings, was out in the fourA over. He hit out at 
Brian MdiAllan and was caught Four balls 
later Mohammad Azharuddin — who made 
115 in the first innings — hit aftily at Allan 
Donald taxi was also caught 
V.V.S. Laxmao hung around for two and a 
quarter hours for an undefeated 35 but, at the 
other end, wickets fell regulariy. 

$1 MiUion 
Victory for 

The Associated Press 

— When he starts playing 
tournaments ag^ in M^h, 
Greg Norman will already be 
on a roll. The $1 million first 
pjw in golfs richest event 
will help wiA therapy for his 

Before the finals of the An- 
dersen Consulting Worid 
Oiampionship of Golf. Ae 
41-year-old Australian ques- 
tioned wheAer he should 
have inteiTupted his winter 
layoff to rest his back. 

Those Aoughts were 
erased Sunday, when he 
rolled in a IS-foot birdie putt 
on the 36A hole to beat Scott 
Hoch 1-up. 

“I’ll Stan Ae year wiA a 
lot of confidrace,” Nminan 
said. “IheFe were four or five 
holes I don't feel great about, 
but I did notice the more 
pressure 1 got under, the 
fartiier I was hitting the ball. 

Nonnan, who was 3 -under- 
par wiA three birdies and an 
eagle in his first 1 8 bedes on the 
Grayhawk Golf Oub's par-72 
Talon course, had four bogeys 
and two Unties m the after- 
noon until he holed his win- 
ning putz. 

Seconds earlier. Hoch 
missed a 16-footer that could 
have kqjl the match going. 

HociC who never 1^ niade 
up four strokes from the ISA 
through the 21st holes, but 
wasn't able to take advantage 
of Norman’s lapses. 

Notman earned $32SJ)00 
vriiile reaching the finals and 
another $675,000 for beating 
Hodi. who won SSOO.OOO. 



f. : r .■ ' '■ 

. . 

: iri- 

Suter Ends a Draught 
io Give Blackhawks Tie 

The Assodaud Press 

*' For 58 . Qazy 

•Suter’s string of misfeBtones 
and missed . oppactunitks 
cootmu^ .The Qnc^ de- 
fenseman had four shots 
stopped Detnxt goalie 
Mike Venoon and countless 

- Wltk ■ 

dtfaeis -bioMied. by- 
'Wings’ defease. - 
L' Then, wiA a liltio fficlc of 
tibe ^nuists and lot (rf bide. 26 
games of frustratftai ended 
for Ae usually Id^irscoring 
$uter. He' seem vriA 2:12 

. ■ I 


1 ?" 

! togtvetheBlaciduivrisaS'! 

'■ Sutei's .soft Aot ftem the 
;i';pmnt beat a screened Ver-^ 
' '■non. 

“1 never saw Ae puck,” 
^said Vernon, vboss 33 saves 
lauded 18 ftitiiediftd period 
and overtime, 

-- Steve Yzeiman. scored for 
Det^t to become the 18A 
in I<Q1L history wiifa 
career pennts. He also 

assisted onMartinlapointe's 
go-ahead goal late in the 
second pmod.- 
Ibe Red 'Vlfings* Russiaa 
nmt'---SergdFeAHOv, Slava 
Kozknr, Ij^ Larionov, -Vladir 
mir Konstantinov and 
Vfticfaedav Fetisov — com- 
bined 'for tu^ . gda]s <by Fe- 
dorov rad Kozlov) ftxir 


'.Mum SaBwAi'a libcK-Za- ■ 
IxumJgr scored bos first NHL 
goal as'viriting St Louis ral- 
lied to beat New Jersey in 
Jimmy Roberts’s final game 
ra tire Bbies’ ftiterim cmdi. 

P iene 'Ditgeoo, StqAane 
MatKam, RicTO POTSson and 
Scott Pdkadn also scored for 
the Blues, oil Monday 

umnnnr^el Joel .QueO- 

nevfe a Otiocado assistant, 
was tdtizig over as coadL 
SabMeSpOevetMl InBuf- 
fel^ Der^ Flame bad two 

grtatg iMwi an a«rigt fl g ' 

beat Fhoeoxx for the Sabres* 

. nhttfa yictciy ftx 10 games. 

Theresult moved Bnffelo 
into a tie ^riA Piasbmgh for 
IbeNoitiieast DMaoa lead. 

Qippers Stretch Rare Victory Run 

bgr AhoBi/AgBKe naM-ftoK 

Mihrankee’s Vin Baker, right* driving by the Knidcs’ Charles Oakl^. 

The Associated Press 

The Los Angeles Clippers, one of Ae 
NBA’s worst teams for Ae past several sea- 
sons, won their third straight game by beating 
(he ^ Antonio Spurs, 93-84. 

“We need to a little time off to rest," 
Clippers coach Bill Htch said after his team 
had its third strain victory. The first two in 
the streak came against j^dwest Division 
leaders Utah and Honston. 

A^unst Ac Spurs, the Clippers* 3-point 
shooting in the fourA quarts- made Ae dif- 

M»Jk RwBHjapa 

ference. Los Angeles was O-for-9 from be- 
hind ihe arc entering tite period, then inade six 
3-pointers to pull away. 

The Clij^)ers were led by Lorenzen Wright 
wiA 16 points, while MaUk Sealy added 15 
and Lay Vau^t 14. Pooh Richardson, re- 
turning from an injury, scored aU 1 1 of his 
points in the fourA quarter. 

Vernon Maxwell scored 73 pomts for the 
Spurs, who once raain played wiAoutmjured 
ngaius David ^binson. Chuck Person, 
Draumque Willdns. Vftmy Del Negro and 
Cbaiies Smith. 

Kfdefcs 97, Bnete 92 In New York, hfil- 
waukee lost its fifth straigfe game. The I^cks 
held Ae Bucks to 12-fbr-35 shooting and 41 
points over the final two quarters. 

P^ck Ewira had 32 points, 1 1 rebounds 
and six Mocks for New York. Allan Houston 
added 15 points, Laiiy Johnsmi had 14, and 

Charlie Ward, starting A place of Chris 
Childs, had 10 pmnts and nine assists. 

Vin Baker srared 25 pomts, and Robinson 
had 22, but they were a combined 6-for-16 
over Ae final two periods. 

LMwn 85, CrizdiM 82 In Vancouver. Sha- 
quiUe O'Neal scored 31 points, includbig 10 
straight in the fourA quarter, and Nick Van 
foel had a career-high 23 assists. 

The fonner Lakm tandem of AnAony 
Peeler and George Lynch led Ae Grizzlies — 
Peeler wiA 17 points and Lynch wiA 12 
pomts and a season-high 16 rebounds. 

CeAGem 109, Sum 102 In Bostcxi. forward 
Robert Hoiry was furious wiA his coach, 
Danny Ainge, after being removed from the 
game m Ae fourA quarter. Horry appeared to 
dirow a towel at Ainge. 

‘Tve always been a fighter ever since I 
was m high school and college,” Horry said. 
* ‘ Sometimes when you have a lot of emotions 
you come b^, even at coaches.” 

Todd sened 13 of his seasoo-fiigb 25 
points m the fourA quarter, and David Wesley 
added 22 points and eight assists for Boston. 

Mark Bryant paced Ae Suns wiA a season- 
high 24 points. 

Kingu 107, 78 ms 106 At Sacramento, Mhch 
Richmond scored 24 points, and his jumper 
wiA 4.5 seconds to pl^ gave the IGngs inc- 

Double-teamed wiA the clock running 
down, Richmond hit the fallaway jumper to 
rescue the Kings, who snapped a three-game 
losing streak. 



FflSI SW ^ 



ms IS' 

PAGE 20 




A Cherry Tree Caper 

is a growing perception 
in this coiuiOT)' that people in 
Washington don't tell the 
truth. l1us is because every 
time our leaders testify before 
Congress or special prosecu- 
tors and talk to the press, their 
noses grow lon- 
ger arid icmger. 

The White 
House keeps 
gening its facts 
screwed up, the 
Pentagon has 
trouble cover- 
ing up for things 
like sexual har- „ . , . 

assmem and 
Gtilf War syndrome, and 
Speu.ker of the House Newt 
Gingrich admitted that he 
hadn't told the truth about his 
fund-niising acDvides. 


When George Washington 
faced the charge of chopping 
down a cherry tree, had he 
behaved the way people in 
Washington do today, here's 
how the situation might have 
played ouu 

"George, did you chop 
down my cherry tree?” 
"What cherry tree, fath- 

"I can't remember if I did 
or not I'll get all the records 
of the incident and send them 
over to you.” 

"Just tell me the truth, son. 
The truth is always better, and 
if you tell it. everyone will say 
that you never lied." 

“The cherry tree damage 
control team h^ just arrived 
on the scene. My spokesman 
wiU sp^ on nty behalf." 

“I wish to tell the press that 
George Washington has nev- 
er chopped down a cherry tree 
in his life. Some whistle- 
blower chopped it down, and 
we have the FBI to find 
out who it b.” 

"If George Washington 
didn't chop down the tree, 
why is be pictured with an ax 
in his hand and an evil grin on 
his face?" 

"Those pictures have been 
painted by his polidcat en- 

"Washington came upon 
the vee already on the ground 
and immediately called the 
EP.A to alert Utem to the 
crime. His girltriend Martha 
was visiting a day-care cen- 
ter. so she didn't do iu 


"The one at your feet." 

"No. father, my lawyer did 

"Don't lie to me. Did you 
or did you ru>i chop donv the 

Life Before McDonald's 

A^fntV fmm't-Prfsse 

BEIJING — Stone tools 
dating from more chan 20.000 
years ago have been dis- 
covered on the site of the 
former McDonald's flagship 
restaurant in ^ijing. which is 
being demolish^. The relics 
were discovered during excav- 
ations for the Orient^ Plaza 
project, to be built on the site. 

A few days later the 
spokesman appeared ^ain. 
'T would like to make a slight 
correction concerning the 
felling of the cherry tree. In 
reviewing hi& notes, George 
discovert that he did in fact 
chop down the tree, and he 
regrets the confusion sur- 
rounding the 'incidenL No 
money was Involved, no eth- 
ics rules were violated, no 
political favors were prom- 
ised to anti-tree lobbyists. 

"George's father has 
agreed to pardon his son so 
that someday he can become 
the first president of the 
United States and set the hon- 
esty standard for all future 
leaders of this great land." 

The Alternate Personalities of Margaret Atwood 

By Mel Gussow 

fort 7infS S^nice 

N ew YORK — When Margaret Atwood was in Zurich 
several years ago on a l^k-promotion tour, she had a 
sudden, inexplicable visitation. 

Looking out a window of her hotel, she thou^t about 
Grace Marks, who in 1843 at the age of 16 had been 
convicted of murdering her employer and his misir^s. This 
was one of Canada's most famous criminal cases. 

For the author it had become something of an obsession, 
and in 1974 she had written a television play about Grace, 
based on the premise that Jishe was guilty. 

Now she had an image of Grace in the cellar of the 
Canadian that was die scene of the killings. 
Inspired, she sat down and began writing a novel on the hotel 
stationery. Almost immediately, she found herself in acul de 
sac and had serious doubt.*: about continuing. 

'Tm not Mr. TroUope." she said during a recent visit to 
New York Ci^. “Nothing is predictable in my work. There 
is no grand scheme." 

The problem, she realized, was that she was writing the 
book in the third person, and it was “tbe wrong gear." 
Switching to the ftrst person, Grace herself, she broke 
through into the story. Eventually the novel. * ‘Alias Grace, " 
moved among sevet^ voices, including an American docUM* 
who uses pre-Freudian analysis to explore Grace's emo* 
tional state at the lime of the murders. 

This is Atwood's ninth novel and first work of Ustoricai 
fiction. In the newly published "Alias Grace", she scru- 
pulously holds to Uk facts as she discovered them in her 
research, and then, with a novelist's eye. she imagines 
dazzling roasts and turns. 

Although she was careful to avoid anachronisins. she does 
not think of it as a 19th-century novel: "It was Robertson 
Davies who said that we can't help but be conteraporaiy, no 
matter when we set our books." 

"Alias Grace" was a finalist for the Booker Prize, the 
third time the author was so honored. When she and Beryl 
Bainbridge lost to Graham Swift, she told Bainbridge: ‘‘He 
won the prize. You have the oeuvre." 

The same thing, of course, could be said about Atwood. 
Though most of her work is rooted in the Canadian 
landscape, it is the opposite of insular. With dry. ironic wit, 
a poetic sensibility and more than a him of the Gothic, she 
has uncompromisingly observed the psychol^ of the 
people in her society. Books like ' 'Surfacing,' ' "C^'sEye" 
and "The Robber Bride" are not easily identifiable fay the 
sex of the author. 

Her female characters are victims and victimizers; some 
are Che essence of evil, like Zenia in “The Robber Bride." 
And what about Grace? Innocent on the outside, ^ may 
have disguised a bitterly vengeful streak. In her prismatic 
novel Atwood refuses to say whether Grace was guilty but 
artfully considers diverse possiWities. including the notimt 
that she may have been playacting. 

The title “Alias Grace" refers to the fact that at one point 
the protagonist assumes the character of her best friend. The 

S>n Nn> Int Timn 

Margaret Atwood: A Medusa-like writer? 

idea of alternate personalities pervades Atwood's work and 
her lii^ She was named Margaret after her mother but. to 
avoid conhtsioR. has always been called Pe ggy , which she 
thinks of as a frivolous name. 

“I have a frivolous side," she said. “But you notice 

which name I used for writing. In a way I h^ an alternate 
oereonality in reserve." For a time, she thought abwt using 
her initials M.A. Atwood as her writing name. (The copy- 
right to her books are in ibe name O.W Toad, an anagram or 

She acknowledged the accuracy of a teacher's ass^mem 
(in a documentary about Atwood’s life) that as a schooigm 
sheshow^“no particular promise." But she never stoppw 
reading. As she listed her ririhood favorites (“OnmiD s 
Fairy Tales," “Sherlock Holmes," Poe, Stevenson* comic 
books), they dupDcated those of the average young bov, unal 
she reached Jane Austen, her first strong female influence. 

and then she went on to Faulkner and MelvWe. 

At 21 she began her career by printing 200 copies ofher 
first book of poetry and selling them for 50 cents ^M^iat 
book now sells for as much as $1 .8(X) at book fai^) 
she started, she said, th^ was no great ti^tion of Canadian 
writing, with few exceptions, like Mavis Gallant, wtora 
tbe country, and Davies. During one yw in the eany _19o0&, 

“onlv five Canadian novels were published, she said, and 


atmosphere was even more hostile to^ male than to 
female writers. Writing was regarded as sissyish. “Women 
did flower embroidering, interior decoration and poetry, 
woman-type things,'* Atwood sud. “If you found wnteis at 
all, and there was a small cultural community, there were 
go^ women writers among them." 

In contrast to tbe United States. “I didn't feel all these 
genius men hanging over me," die ssud. “Canada was a 
wide open prairie." .i,. . 

It is now richly populated by Alice Munro, Micmael 
Ondaatje. Carol Shields and Atwood, amons others. 

She cherishes the fact that she has a wide inieniational 
readership. "If we only write books for people writiag 
academic papers, it would be a futile exercise, she said. 

Still, books and theses are continually being wri^n ^ut 
her work. She remains at a remove. "Self-definition." she 
has said, "is a kind of prison." 

In the absence of her own analysis, others have leaped to 
description. At various times she has been called Mrausa- 
like. the Qu^ Bee of Canadian literatime and a black-magic 
witch. Actually there is a witch in her family's closet, Mary 
Webster, who was condemn^ in Connecticut before the 
time of the Salem trials. 

Atwaod rbtni-g that the journalistic name-callii^ has 
ceased as she has become older (she is 57), but she is still 
nagged by the Medusa latel. ‘ ‘They wouldn't have bew able 
to say that if I had been asnub-nc^d blonde," she said. She 
has thick, brown curly hair and is p^ite rather than ifareat- 

She continues to draw tbe curtain on her private life. For 
many years she has lived in Toronto with Graeme Gibson, a 
novelist: they have a daughter who is in college. Steadfastly, 
she refuses to allow journalists to enter her bouse. "They 
would review the furniture, she said, "and some of it is 
Graeme’s grandfather's furniture. I don't want my per- 
sonality coming out like Graeme's grandfather." 



Baiai Lama’s Tutor Revels in Film Furor 

By D.J.R. Bruckner 

.V«-M itw* TTwii'j Stnief 

N ew YORK — China's effons to 
derail two fi(m.s being made about 
the Dalai Lama have guaranteed their 
success even before they are released, 
suggests the author of a celebrated book 
on which one of them is based. 

Heinrich Harter, whose "Seven 
Years in Tibet" has sold millions of 
copies in many languages since 1953. 
says China's inteiference with the 
Columbia Hetures film being directed 
by Jean-Jacques Aruiaud has stirred 
wide interest in the project. 

"It is not only in America and 
Europe." Harrer said. "I am hearing 
from people in India. Bhutan, Nepal, all 
over that region, who say they are now 
very anxious to see the movie." 

Harrer. an Austrian and an interna- 
tionally renowned mountain climber, ex- 
plorer and chronicler of vanishing 
peoples, said the filmmakers had at one 
point recruited exiled Tibetans and others 
for the cast and bad secured shooting 
locations In several Himalayan nations. 
He had met with Annaud and with the 
actor Brad Pitt, who portrays him as a 
young man in Tibet in the 1 940s, when he 
became a close triend of the teen-age 
Dalai Lama. 

But when China advised those coun- 
tries' govemmenLs that it would retali- 
ate if they cooperated 'in making the 
film, he said, plans were changed. "So 
now the film is being shot in the moun- 
tains of Argentina," Harrer said. 

The project that has caused the most 
furor. “Kundun." a film about the Dalai 
Lama's life directed by Martin 
Scorsese, is bein^ made in Morocco by a 
Disney subsidiary. When China 
threatened to block the e.xpansion of 
various Disney enterprises in China if 
the company went ahead with “Kun- 
dun." (the word, used by the Dalai 
Lama's family to refer to him, means 
"presence") Disney said it would Ig- 
nore the threat. 

Harrer said that the two films were 
complementary, not competitive, and 
that he hoped both would benefit from the 

Harrer. 85. was in New York recently 
to speak to members of the Limited 
Editions Gub. which has just issued a 
300<Ojpy hand-printed edition of “The 
White Spider." revised by Harter. 

That 1958 book describes the race 
among rock climbers during tbe 1930s 
to be the first to climb the north face of 
the Eiger in the Swiss Alps, a com- 
petition that resulted in numwous 
deaths. Harrer. widi three companions, 
made tbe first ascent in 1 938. 

As a result of the &ger exp^tion. he 
was chosen with three others in 1939 to 
scout for a route up Nanga Parbat, a 
26.600-foot (8.100-meter) pe^ in the 
Hmalayas that had also defeated or 

^It IS now almost 46 
jears that China has 
been liaraasing the 
Dalai Lama/ 

killed many climbeis. As the team's 
reconnaissance ended. World War II 
broke out. Because Nazi Germany had 
absorbed .Austria, the British in India 
seized Harrer and his colleagues and 
sent them to a prison camp in Kashmir. 

Over the next three years he and 
various companions escaped four times, 
only to be recaptured. "Right in front of 
the camp were the Himalayas." Harrer 
said. “Who could resist?" 

His fifth attempt, made vrith another 
Austrian, Peter Aufschnaiter, was suc- 
cessful. and the two fugitives set out on 
foot for TibeL 

The trip itself — described vividly in 
"Seven Years in Tibet" — was long 
and arduous. The men walked for two 
years, traversing 3 1 mountain passes at 
15.000 to 20.000 feet, a journey gen- 
erally viewed as one of the greatest 
achievements in mountaineering. When 
they reached Lhasa, the Tibetans were 
so impressed with what they had done 
that they were allowed to stay. 

Eventually the 14-year-o1d god-king, 
the Dalai Lama, chose Harrer to teach 
him English, mathematics and geo- 
graphy. Haner’s depiction of tiie youth. 

and of Tibetan culture, is a source dmt 
scholars, travelers and others have 
drawn upon for four decades. 

The two Austrians finally left in 
(951. shortly after China overran much 
of Tibet. Harrer and the Dalai Lanaa 
have since remained friends. 

"I was present at the unveiling of 
Tibet," Harrer said. “For cen&iries the 
world had woodezed what it was like, and 
now it saw. But it was an evil occasion. 
One of the fir^ tilings tbe Dalai Lanaa had 
me do was build a little movie the^ for 
him: be liked to run the projector and we 
saw many films, including a ‘Henry IV' 
of Shakespeare. '9fiien th^ came to tbe 
line 'uneasy lies the he^ tbu wears a 
crown' 1 it to warn him wtuu could 

llie Dalai Lama fled Tibet with thou- 
sands of followers after the Chinese 
crashed an uprising and consolidated 
control in 1959. Cmna has rejected all 
requests by Harrer to visit agsdn. But in 
the early i980s. during a trip to New 
Yoik. he noticed in a travel comp a ny 
odvertisemem that tiiere were openings 
CHI one of the first sanctioned tourist visits 
to the country: he signed up and was in 
Lhasa before (he authorities could stop 

After he left, be wrote “Lhasa Re- 
visited" a searing account of the de- 
struction of Tibetan religion and culture 
b>' the Qiinese. “So it is now almost 46 
years that China has been harassing tte 
E)alai Lama." Harrer said. “What rave 
they accomplished? If you ask now who 
is the most famous person in the world, 
the answer has to be the Pope or the Dalai 
Lama: they are the only competitors for 
the crowds. And maybe the Dalai Lama 
is more famous, since every one of the 
billicHi Chinese people know exactly 
who he is. China has done thaL" 

In 1989. the Dalai Lama won the 
Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent 
campai^ to end Chinese rale of Tibet. 

Aixl if there were a iiuracle and llbet 
were to open again? Would he go b^7 

"Immediately." Harrer said, "hi one 
of the high passes tiiere are hot springs 
and water coming down from the Raders 
to feed life. 1 would build a house there. It 
is the mo,st beautiful place on Earth." 

T he trials of Didt Morris, Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton's former polit- 
ical adviser, who resigned after being 
photographed firolicldag with a $200- 
an-hour call girl, are not over. Follow- 
ing the unearthing of hiS relationship 
with the prostitute. Sherry Rowland^ 
and subs^uent disclosure that Morris. 
48. had fathered a child out of vredlock. 
now his wife of 20 years. Eileen 
McCann, has announced she is leaving 
him. She said she could no longer tol- 
qrafie the assaults on her privacy and 
(tignity. Through his wblisher. Moms 
said: "1 am devastaiea More than any- 
thing else, 1 wanted to slay married 
to Eileen, and 1 feel sadder than I can 
say that my own conduct made tiiat 
impossible." McGann, 48, a lawyer 
in Coonecticut. said she had renuuned 
with Morris our of a sense of loyalty 
and concern. “This is not something 1 
would walk away from lightly," she 
said, adding, "It would not have made 
me feel better to make him feel 


Liza Minnelli returns to Broadway 
tiiis month for tbe first time in 12 years, 
staningin ‘‘Victor/Victoria*' while Ju- 
lie Andrews takes a month off. "Thatis 
what tte theater is all about, that you 
help each other." Minnelli, 50, says. 


At precisely 8 bells. Ray Veary, a 
lawyer in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 
siro^ to a lectern at tbe stem of the 
whaling bark Lagoda and began to re^ 
"Caliinelshmael." Veary intoned at 4 
P.M. Friday, as nearly 100 spectators, 
some tm wooden chairs and benches 
flanking tbe whale ship, others perch^ 
high in staircases, reverently followed 
aloog. Q^ies of Herman Melville’s 
rmv^ — paperbacks, stiff-spined crit- 
ical editions, and facsimiles of tbe 
coveted RockweU Kent illustraied ver- 
sion — appeared. With Veary’s words, 
the New Bedford Whaling Museum’s 
first-annual "Moby-Dick”; Tbe Mara- 
thon — a 24-hour, nonstop reading of 
the htelviile classic — badtegun.Ia 10- 
minute blocks throughoot the night ar^ 
until 5:15 P.M. on Sanuday. more than 
150 volunteers took turns at die mi- 
cropbonc. On Jan. 3. 1841 — the an- 
niversary the marathon reading celeb- 

Fnd PiDUdflbara 

HOLLYWOOD RITUAL — ^ The action film star Jackie Chan after 
leaving hand- and footprints at Mann’s Cliioese Theater in HQUyfroodr. 
Chan wrote bis name in EngUsh, Chinese, Japanese and Korean. 

rates — Melville, then 21. shipped out 
of New Bedford aboard the whaling 
ship AcushneL Among the readers were 
thrw of Melville's great-great-grand- 
sons and Representative Barney 
Frank, the area's Democratic congress- 
man. Asked about his memories of tte 
book, Rank said. ‘ 'TnjthfoUy, my most 
vivid recoUectioD is of a Qassic Com- 


James Bond, die British sup^- 
sleinh, is hunting for Russians and 
Afghans in southern France. Secret 
agent 007’s plans have been ^vulged in 
classified advertisements placed in sev- 
eral Touiouse-area newroapers xfiaking 
male extras who look eifoer Russian or 
Afghan for tbe 18th Bond film. The title 
of the film has not yet been announced. 
Jean-Paul Vassort, director of the 
Luebon tourist ofiice. said the movie- 
makers planned to use the area to shoot 
tbe destruction of an Afghan military 
base by the Russians. Bond will be 

played by Pierce Brosnan, who starred 
in "Golden Eye." Previous Bonds were 
Sean Connery, Geor^ Lazenby, Ro- 
ger Moore and Timouiy Dalton. 


The Reverend Jerry Falwell hasn't 
been to the movies in 45 years, not 
even a film about his fight a Hust- 
ler magazine will get him in line. Fal- 
well says he's boycotted films since 
becoming a Christian 45 years ago — 
and "Tile Rsc^le vs. Larry Flyni" will 
be no exception. The film chronicles 
Flynt’s First Amendment court figjit 
t^ started when Flynt’s magazine putn 
lished a fake Falwell interview in 1983. 
Falwell sued for libel and was awarded 
$200,0(X), but the Sufnenie Court over-, 
turned the ruling, saying public figur^ 
can be tiie targets of ridicule. “I ccC 
sider him mentally deranged," Falwell 
smd of Fl^L "1 pray ^ him m a 
regular basis and have for years. I don’t 
believe he is beyond the grace of 

eyes are smiling. 

Evejy counhy has its uvn AT&T Access Number ^ich makes 
calling borne or to other countries really easy, just dial the 
AI&T Access Number for the country you're in and we'II take it 
horn there. And be sure to charge your calls rni your AT&T Calling 
CanL If U help ycxj avoid outr^eous i^ione cha^ on your hotel 
bill and may save you up to 60%* So use AX&T Direa* Service aivl 
you wn't needihe luck ofthe Irish togetthe ^stest and clearest 
ccrinedcats home, Check the list for AT&T Acc^ Nuiubeis. 

Si^ 10 fisDoviAei caiBif 
teondoad^ 6 qii wemac 

I. Just dial Ebe AT&T AcoBsNnnto Got 
the country you are calling bom. 

1 Dial the phoKiHiab^ you're cdliog. 
3 Dial ihecalUng card number lined 
abew your name. 

AT8!f Access Nnmbccs 

Biianae I 

EUflOK ' 


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