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’Me** 




INTERNATIONAL 



(tribune 




^ World’s Dally Newspaper 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 
■** Paris, Monday, January 20, 1997 


No. 35.423 


Bundesbank Chiefs Blunt View: Europe Is Too Slow to Adapt 


‘We must be more 
realistic.’ 

— Hans Tietmeyer 




By Alan Friedman 

IntenuzdanalHetvdd Tribun* 

■_ H^ANKFURT — Many European countries, 
including Germany, have faltered economically 
because they have been too slow to realize the 
need to introduce sweeping reforms in order to 
match the rising power or Asia, die growth of 
Eastern Europe as a productive base and the 
dynamic revival of the United States in die world 
economy, the president of the Bundesbank gain 
in an interview. 

fa an unusually blunt assessment' of the Con- 
tinent's jobs, crisis and its costly welfare state 
expenditures, Hans Tietmeycr also blamed polit- 
ical leaders for the failure thus for to win suf- 
ficient public support for Europe's single-cur- 
rency project. 

One of the main reasons, be said, was that in 
trying to sell the euro, some governments had 


linked urgently needed but painful public-spend- 
mg cuts, labor-market deregulation and welfare- 
state reforms with the Maastricht treaty on eco- 
nomic and monetary union. Instead of trying to 
shift responsibility for these measures to 
Maastricht, he said, politicians should stress that 
such reforms are necessary regardless of a single 
currency if Europe is to' become more com- 
petitive in a rapidly changing world economy. 

"Germany and some European countries 
hadn’t realized early enough that America had 
been revived, that America was back, that there 
were more Asian tigers, that Latin America was 
coining up again and that Eastern Europe was not 
just a new' market but also a sew competitor," 
Mr. Tletmeyer said. '‘All of Europe hasn’t seen 
that early enough because it was so focused on 
tire internal market, on German unification and 
on monetary union." 

Mr. Tietmeyermade his remarks during a two- 


hour interview at the Bundesbank headquarters. 
The meeting was pan of a series of interviews 
last week with the three central bank chiefs who 
are at the heart of Europe's single-currency 
project. Mr. Hetmeyer. wim Duisenberg. the 
Dutch central bank head who is thought to be the 
man most likely to run the first European central 
bank, and Jean-Claude Trichet, governor of the 
Bank of France, all underscored the threat of 
record unemployment to society and the need to 
find practical solutions independent of the 
Maastricht process. 

It is unusual for central bankers, whose main 
concerns are the setting of interest rates and the 
maintenance of price stability, to speak about 
unemployment and Europe's social ills. Yet in 
the interviews they focused on these issues and 
on the pressing need for politically unpopular 
structural reforms aimed at making Europe more 
competitive. 


"I share the view that unemployment is the 
crucial issue for the future of Europe," Mr. 
Tietmeyer said. "1 am not sure how long so- 
cieties will accept this level of unemploy- 
ment." 

Germany's jobless level is 10.8 percent, with 
more than 4.1 million people out of work, while 
France has 12.7 percent unemployment, with the 
rate expected to rise to 13 percent in spring. 

In order to close the gap between public 
opinion in France and Germany over the de- 
sirability of the euro, Mr. Tietmeyer said. "You 
can't sell it only by propaganda or just by polit- 
ical statements — you have to explain and come 
down to the facts.*' 

In Germany, and in some other European 
countries, he added, "a lot of structural prob- 
lems” need to be dealt with. “Our school sys- 

See TIETMEYER, Page 6 


WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON - 4 MORE YEARS 


Second Terms: 
Sea of Troubles 

A History of Shipwrecks 


WASHINGTON — On Inauguration Day, any 
president is entitled to be hopeful. But history- says - 
Bill Clinton may be in for a rough ride. 

He is die sixth president of the postwar era to win 
election to the White House while already occupyin g 
the Oval Office. His predecessors include two Demo- 
crats, Harry S. Truman and LyndanB Johnson, who 
were elected once after succeeding presidents who 
died in office, and three Republicans, Dwight D.' 
Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan, 
who, like Mr. Clinton, won back-to-back camp aigns. 

All of them had troubled second terms. Four of the 
five saw their administrations marred by major scan- 
dals. Mr. Nixon was forced to resign, while Mr. 
Truman and Mr, Johnson were so weakened by 
events they thought it best not to seek another term. 
Every one of the quintet saw the opposition party 
gain strength daring his final period in office. 

The president who begins his second term Monday 
has said that behas studied file rather dismal record of 
previous second-tenners and has drawn die appro- 
priate lessons. .. 

hi a news conference three days . after his re- 
election, Mr.; QUmon said his rea&ig led him to 
conclude that, aside fiom^xioirial evenfs intnidihg 
on their game plans, Yu$ predecessors’ problems 
could be traced either roimbri&tx-ei^ . 

“Sometimes a president thinks he has more of a 
mandate than he does and cries .to do too much," be 
said,adfiing, “Somctianes a pesidrru essentially just 
runs out of steam." 

He hopes to avoid those perils, he said, J>y . co- 
operating with Confess “to build a vital center'’ and 
by enlisting “good, energetic people” to carry out 
the specific, promises he made in his second cam- 
paign. “I’m very mindful of history's difficulties," 
he concluded, "and I'm going to tty to beat them.” 

Bw it fc no acridem that the course of presidential 
history generally runs downhill as chief executives 
continue in office. . 

. ‘Clinton seems to understand some of the things’ ’ 
that caused bis predecessors' problems, said Stephen 
Hess. a Brookings Institution scholar who has wntren 
of the “very cyclical" course of most presidencies. 

“He knows his best chance of doing anything will 
be in this fifth year,” Mr. Hess said, “so he has 
emphasized personal loyalty and knowledge of the 
area" in assembling his second-term ream. "He has 
promoted people from within, because he knows he 
can’t afford time for on-the-job training.' ’ 

"But second terms are like hourglasses," Mr. 
Hess added, “and the sands nm oul" 

The slope downward manifests itself in a variety of 

ways. Sometimes® leader with a seemingly sure touch 



Jam K Pmcfl/nr ^.h»gwi Pna 


Bill Clinton says he has studied the rather dismal record of previous second-termers and has 
drawn the appropriate lessons. An Oval Office interview and the rising inaugural din. Page 2. 

For Gore, Time to Leave tbe Shade 

Dancing an Invisible Macarena and Preparing for 2000 


See CLINTON, Page 7 


By R. W. Apple Jr. 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON 1 — When President Bill Clinton 
takes the oath of qffice Monday for the second time, 
it. will marie a watershed in the career of Vice 
President AJ Gore. 

From that point on, Mr. Gore will begin — very 
slowly at first, then perhaps more rapidly — to 
emerge from Mr. Clinton’s shadow. He will still be 
subject to die rule that vice presidents are more seen 
than heard. He will still be a very junior partner in the 
White House firm, there more than anything else to 
assume die presidency if anything should happen to 
tbe president. 

But he will also be the heir apparent, die favorite 
for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2000, 
when Mr. Clinton must step aside. 

"Tuesday is the turning point," said Thomas 
Downey, a Washington lobbyist who served for 18 
years as a congressman from New York’s Long 
Island and who is counted as a member of the Gore 
inner circle. "Tbe salad days are over." 

Although Mr. Clinton md Mr. Gore are from the 
same generation and the same region, and although 
they have shown an unshakable loyalty to each other 
during the last four years, it is conceivable that their 
interests will diverge in the months to come. 


One Gore intimate suggested, for example, that in 
a budget deal, Mr. Gore would want to get the fiscal 
“pain" out of the way before 2000 and Mr. Clinton 
would want to push it into the future. 

"One would be a back-loader, one a front-load- 
er," the friend said, although he predicted that any 
tensions would be handled in private. 

Peter Knight, who served as the manager of the 
Clinton-Gore 1996 campaign and might manage Mr. 
Gore’s effort in 2000, said he thought any such 
divergences would be rare. 

"The most important thing A1 Gore can do for his 
future is help to make this the most successful 
president in history," he argued. "What’s good for 
Qinton is good for Gore. They are joined at the hip, 
politically.” 

That close identification can cut both ways, of 
course. If Mr. Clinton is popular three years from 
now, if the economy remains sound, if there is no 
major crisis abroad, Mr. Gore will benefit. 

But many second terms go awiy for one reason or 
another, and that could cost Mr. Gore the nomination 
or force him to fight so hard for it — like Vice 
President Hubert H. Humphrey had to in 1968, when 
Vietnam split the party — that he is fatally weakened- 
for the general election. 

See GORE, Page 7 


Arafat Declares 
Hebron ‘Liberated’ 

Talk of Peace, 

Show of Force 

By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

HEBRON — His landing pad marked 
by red and green smoke and his path 
lined by throngs of celebrating Pales- 
tinians. Yasser Arafat descended by 
helicopter on Sunday to take possession 
of this last Israeli-occupied city of tbe 
West Bank. 

Homs, sirens, banners, balloons and a 
donkey-mounted honor guard of young 
men waving flags greeted the Pales- 
tinian leader. Amid heavy security, he 
ascended to a makeshift speaker's bal- 
cony atop the headquarters of Israel’s 
30-year military rule and. thrusting a 
forefinger at the crowd, declared 
Hebron "a liberated city.” 

In this most militant of West Bank 
towns, where Mr. Arafat's political 
strength is challenged more than else- 
where by Islamic radicals, the Pales- 
tinian leader spoke primarily of recon- 
ciliation and peace. He noted die Israeli 
Parliament's 87-to-I7 approval for the 
accord transferring most of Hebron to 
Palestinian self-rule and said it signified 
“something new in the Middle East." 

"After the Hebron agreement, we are 
now signing the agreement of peace 
with all the Israeli people — with Labor, 

Meretz. Likud. Shas, Kahaiani and oth- 
ers," he said, naming a spectrum of 
Israeli political parties and leaders. “I 
say to all peace forces in Israel, to all 
who voted with this decision, let's go 
make peace, a just and comprehensive 
peace." 

Mr. Arafat also spoke directly to the 
450 Jewish settlers in central Hebron Yasser Arafat, surrounded by po- 

licetnen, greeting Palestinians on 
See HEBRON, Page 7 his first visit to Hebron since 1965. 



Jim HnHirirf iltonm 


Exiting, Austrian Leader 
Regrets Minimizing Right 

Vranitzky Cites EU Entry as Top Achievement 


An Arkansas Poet Seeks 40 Lines of Inspiration 


By Francis X. dines 

• New TorkTimes Service 

WASHINGTON — Across four years in office, 
president Bill Clinton has made -familiar that near- 
teary gesture of seeming touched in public by astray, 
a phrase, a humble presence, and of ptmemating H 
with the patriarchal smile and head-bobbing ap- 
proval patented by* predecessor. Ronald Reagm. 

At his second inauguration, Monday. Americans 
might look for aw* amomentfrom Mr. Clinton when 
Miller Williams, an Arkansas poet, rises to honor him 
in a burst of inspiration ordered up for the occasion. 

Should Mr. Clinton oblige with a Gipper take as he 
did four years ago few Maya Angelon’ s readmg of her 


■ossword.- — - 


Page 9. 

: . Page9. 

... PageS. 

Pages 18-20. 


“On the Pulse of Morning.’’ be will merit credit for 
helping tbe citizenry negotiate one of die more 
awkward gestures of American life: die pause by a 
mass audience for a reading of poetry to mark a 
public occasion. 

Much as heads are inevitably bowed in public 
upon the cue to hear foe word of God, so foe 
inaugural audience will seem to listen extra hard, 
some peering nnUinlringly, as if that’s the trick to 
getting apoem’s meaning. 

Jean Cocteau, the French author and filmmaker, 
could have had in mind this captive American audi- 
ence, so ear-boxed after a campaign year of sound 
bites, when he declared, “Poetry is indispensable — 
if only I knew what for/* 


AGENDA 


Unless Mr. Williams has tbe mass-audience knack 
of his da u ghter, the singer Lucinda Williams (“Pas- 
sionate Kisses," “Hot Blood” and other lyrical 
turns on middle-aged moamfulness), the grayer 
beads in the national audience may drift off to recall 
Robert Frost’s reading on the icy day of John F. 
Kennedy’s inauguration 36 years ago. Facing a glar- 
ing sun and buffeting winds, the poet had to scrap his 
new work and reate “The Gift Outright” from 
memory. ‘‘The land was ours before we were the 
land’s/’ foe 86-year-old man ad-libbed, his plight as 
poignant as his poem. 

Poets themselves best describe the pearls -before - 
See POETRY, Page 7 


Reusers 

VIENNA — Chancellor Franz Vran- 
itzky, who announced his resignation 
over tbe weekend, said Sunday that his 
greatest achievement in nearly 1 1 years in 
power was to lead Austria into foe Euro- 
pean Union. 

But he conceded that his Social- 
Democratic Party had underestimated die 
political rise of foe for right under die 
leadership of Joerg Haider. 

While Mr. Vranitzky relaxed, an- 
swering reporters' questions and crack- 
ing jokes, no one could pinpoint tbe 
whereabouts of his designated suc- 
cessor. Finance Minister Viktor Klim a. 

Mr. Vranitzky made the surprise an- 
nouncement of nis resignation Saturday 
after an emergency meeting of the So- 
cial Democratic Party leadership, and 
he passed foe chancellor’s baton to an 


Bombing and Massacre in Algeria 




Newwtand Price* *1^. 

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Annas 1&5QFF 

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550 fWuriOn -.—1250 FF 

Francs- 1050 FF Saucfi Arabia -IDOOFl 

Gabon 1100 CFA Senegal — .MjBGtt 

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Haly.— 2j800Un Ttabia— . *- iaS0 ®J 
Ivory Coast.1250 CFA UAEw-JOflOWj 
Jordan 1.250JD U.S.MHEur.)— SI-20 


A car bomb exploded outride a cafe 
in central Algiers on Sunday, killing at 
least 21 people and wounding 60 oth- 
ers. 

The blast came hours after attackers 
massacred 36 people in a village soulh 
of foe capital 

The violence was the latest to bloody 
this North African country .wracked by 
a five-y ea r Islamic insurgency that has 
claimed 8t least 60,000. lives. . 

fo Beni-Slimane, a village 70 ki- 
lometers south of Algiers, an armed 
group killed 36 people in bloodshed 
that lasted hours, foe security forces 
said The official APS pi«s agency said 
some victims had been decapitated. 

W itnesses in Algiers said the bomb 


exploded in front of a cafe next to a 
cinema in the Belcourt quarter, while 
residents were breaking their daily fast 
for foe Muslim holy month of Ramadan. 

No one claimed responsibility for 
either attack, but suspicion fell on Is- 
lamic radicals fighting to overthrow 
the government. (Page 7) 

THE AMERICAS Pm3. 

A Lesson From the Cosby Killing 


ASUUHMHF1C 




Beijing Wbty of NATO Growth 

EUROPE P*9*5. 

The Duma: Where Anything Goes 



Carte Ferraro/ Agate Rince^reae 

TREK — Travelers walking amid the tractors blocking tire road to a 
Milan airport Sunday. Farmers were protesting milk quotas. Page 2. 


apparently reluctant Mr. Klima. 

“I think my greatest success was to 
take Austria into the European Union,’ ’ 
Mr. Vranitzky said, adding that one of 
his greatest challenges was to cope with 
foe changing face of Europe in foe post- 
Cold War period. 

More than two-thirds of the Austrian 
electorate voted in favor of EU mem- 
bership in June 1994, but disillusionment 
has set in after big cuts in public spend- 
ing to prepare Austria for European eco- 
nomic and monetary union. 

Mr. Vranitzky, who took over the 
government in June 1986, said that his 
leadership had had its downs and that 
his party had failed to mount an ap- 
propriate strategy to combat foe grow- 
ing popularity of foe Freedom Party of 

In hindsight, he said, he would have 
handled Mr. Haider differently. "Per- 
haps foe Social Democrats were a bit too 
late and did not do enough to unmask his 
strategy of demonizing human beings or 
organizations,” the chancellor said. 

Mr. Vranitzky and Mr. Haider took 
over their respective parties within 
months of each other in 1986. 

While the Social Democrat vote 
slumped to a record low in European 
Parliament elections last October, fall- 
ing below 30 percent, support for the 
Freedom Party soared to nearly 28 per- 
cent, from the 9 percent it won before 
Mr. Haider took over. 

■ 6 I Have Done My Job 1 

William Drozdiak of The Washington 
Post reported earlier: 

After foe emergency meeting of his 
governing Social-Democratic Party, 
Mr. Vranitzky said he had decided to 
leave office voluntarily, amid indica- 
tions he had grown exasperated with 
constant political feuding while presid- 

See AUSTRIA, Page 6 









Q.I73 « cr 




^rr 


-j-- 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 

PAGE TWO 


Oval Office Interview / Defining the Role of Government _ •' — 

President Sees Conflict Giving Way to Consensus in 2d Term 

Byi-mF.Hgr- As Clinton Composes, 

""iSS The Democrats Party 


W ASHINGTON 
— President Bill 
Clinton says the 

battles of his tint 

term largely settled the debate 
on the role of government in 
his favor, clearing the way for 
a new season of cooperation 
that he hopes to usher in with 
an inaugural speech designed 
to ‘ ‘help flush the poison from 
the atmosphere." 

With ethics controversies 
blazing at the White House and 
on Capitol Hill, Mr. Clinton 
lamented in an interview last 
week that “we spend in gen- 
eral a di s proportionate amount 
of time on all this kind of 
sniff," and he pleaded with 
people to ‘ ‘look at the evidence 
and just make whatever judg- 
ments they think they have to 
make and then put it behind 
us." 

Mr. Clinton said his first 
term was marked by "big 
fights" with Republicans 
over what government should 
do, debates he thinks were 
ended by the two government 
shutdowns of a year ago and 
the November election, when 
voters endorsed his concept of 
a leaner government that still 
keeps a large role in "creating 
the conditions and giving 
people the tools to make the 
most of their lives. 

Yet even as be predicted that 
Republicans would be more 
accommodating to his philo- 
sophy, his comments in a 55- 
minute interview on the Oval 
Office underscored the extent 
to which a president who ar- 
rived here four years ago with 
a vastly mote expensive and 
partisan agenda has yielded to 
Republican priorities. 

Mr. Clinton said he expec- 
ted to leave office by forging 
bipartisan agreements to 
eliminate the deficit and 
“make the adjustments nec- 
essary to preserve Social Se- 
curity and Medicare for future 
generations." 

He would not pledge to 
either goal when Republicans 
first took power on Capitol 
Hill two years ago. Such 
agreements — fraught with 
political risks — wifi appar- 
ently not come with Mr. Clin- 
ton alone in the lead. 

He said he did not expect 
“to go out and give a speech 
and prescribe everything I 
would be prepared to do" to 
control the costs of die pop- 
ular entitlement programs, be- 
cause that "invites people to 
play politics with it" 

Instead, the president said, if 
he and Republicans work in "a 
bipartisan process” then “the 
political risks are not as great 
as have been supposed.” 

"We can't do it by im- 
maculate conception, but we 
can't do it by fiat, either, ’ ’ he 
said. “In the end, this requires 
an act of Congress." 


M r. Clinton said he 
expected to be 
outspoken in pub- 
lic and in grass- 
roots lobbying to enact 
changes in campaign finance 
laws, and to defeat a proposed 
balanced budget amendment 
to the constitution. 

Two months ago, he ac- 
knowledged, he thought pas- 
sage of the amendment, long- 
favored by Republicans, was 
virtually inevitable. His count 
of the political arithmetic has 
changed, he said. 

On other issues, Mr. Clin- 
ton defended his practice of 
inviting political supporters to 
spend the night at the White 


House and said no one was 
offered visits in the Lincoln 
Bedroom in exchange for con- 
tributions. 

He said he intended to help 
Vice President A1 Gore's ef- 
fort to succeed him in 2000 by 
letting him build a record that 
“ minimize s opposition to 
him within the party.” 

He also promised that he 
would follow up his recent 
plan to overhaul the federal 
government’s assistance to 
the District of Columbia with 
other, unspecified, proposals 
in the coming weeks. 

The session at the White 
House found die president by 
turns reflective about his leg- 
acy. defensive about Demo- 
cratic fund-raising practices 
and enthusiastic over how a 
new regimen of morning 
stretching exercises has 
helped his golf swing. 

At one point, he described 
his recent visit from Bob Dole 
and used it to make a point on 
ethics in Washington, recalling 
that the longtime senator tola 
him that compared with 30 
yeans ago, politicians are 
“much more honest" and “the 
standards are much higher." 

The moment must have 
really .made an impression, 
because 20 minutes later in 
the interview, he told the same 
anecdote, nearly word for 
word. His staff chalked it up to 
eod-of-day fatigue. 

I n his first public defense 
of his use of the Exec- 
utive Mansion to enter- 
tain political supporters, 
Mr. Clinton asserted he had 
every right to invite generous 
contributors for overnight 
stays. 

The image of the Lincoln 
Bedroom for sale has become 
one of the most vivid symbols 
of his participation in fund- 
raising that reaped millions 
for the Democratic National 
Committee during the elec- 
tion, but has prompted Justice 
Department and congression- 
al inquiries. 

“I do not think it is a bad 
thing for a president to invite 
his strong supporters to stay in 
the White House,” he said em- 
phatically. “I think it would be 
a bad dung for anyone to be 
told if you give such and such 
amount of money, we’ll let 
you spend the night in the Lin- 
coln Bedroom. But I can tell 
you, that did not happen. That 
just did not happen. ’ ’ 

The president said he re- 
viewed a list of everyone who 
has spent the night in the 
White House and found that 
many were personal friends, 
relatives or guests of his 
daughter, Chelsea. 

The White House has 
turned down requests to make 
that list public. Mr. Clinton, in 
the interview, said, “I’ll have 
to look at it and consider what 
the precedent would be." 

He made clear he was in- 
volved in inviting guests, 
though he portrayed it as 
spontaneous. “If we were 
having a dinner, say, at the 
White House, I might ask 
somebody: ‘Well, we can’t 
have, everybody that’s come 
to this dinner stay, but I'd like 
to have one or two people stay 
over. Who do you think ought 
to stay over?’ ” he said. “But 
there was not any kind of plan 
to market the White House as 
a fund-raising tool.” 

He laid the blame for ques- 
tionable financial practices 
that have led to $1 5 million in 
contribution refunds at the 
feel of party officials who had 
scrapped a system for rigor- 
ously examining large contri- 
butions before they were ac- 



By Michael Wines 

NwYorkTunesSeniee 


:V '.'X* i 

Jim CnfaMaTThc AmcaKcd ft™ 


Chelsea Clinton chatting and 
Stevie Wonder singing at 
Inaugural Gala rehearsal, and 
Valley Forge Military Academy 
cadets practicing for parade* 


l 







cepted. “Every Democrat in 
America should be let down 
by" that decision, he said. 

Mr. Clinton has made a dis- 
tinction between his campaign 
and the Democratic National 
Committee operation, but as a 
practical matter, both were su- 
pervised by the White House. 

“It never occurred to me 
that anybody would have ever 
dismantled operations to 
check all these checks coming 
in,' ' he said. ‘ ‘And I still think 
that when all the smoke 
clears. 1 drink that will prove 
to have been the biggest fail- 
ing of this.” 

The president repealed his 
pledge to press vigorously for 
legislation that would outlaw 
political action committee con- 
tributions to candidates, unlim- 
ited “soft money” gifts to the 
parties and donations by non- 
citizens. It is a pledge he has 
made before but never fulfilled 
to the satisfaction of advocacy 
groups pushing for reforms. 

Other difficult issues con- 
fronting Mr. Clinton center on 


the entitlement programs he 
has sworn to protect even as 
they pose major troubles for 
the nation’s long-term 
solvency. 

Mr. Clinton said he was 
“quite optimistic” that Social 
Security and Medicare could 
be strengthened and that “it 
wouldn't take much change” 
as long os the two parties work 
together, a viewpoint that has 
been met with skepticism 
among congressional Repub- 
licans. 

“The political risks attend- 
ant upon doing what is only 
sensible for the long-term fu- 
ture are greatly overstated un- 
less we tum it into an object of 
politics," he said. 


O ne set of recently 
proposed solutions 
for Social Security 
has caught Mr. 
Clinton's eye, though he was 
careful not to endorse them. 
He said he was studying a 
commission's recommenda- 
tions to invest some of the 


trust fund’s money in the 
stock market to increase the 
money available to pay ben- 
efits to baby boomers as they 
approach retirement age. and 
dial he bad already "solicited 
a lot of opinions.” 

But he stressed that he re- 
mained “flatly against" 
privatizing Social Security. 

On Medicare, he defended 
his plan to shift $60 billion in 
home health care costs from a 
trust funded by payroll taxes 
to another mist funded 
through general tax revenue, a 
move derided as a shell game 
by Republican leaders. Mr. 
Clinton said he was not en- 
gaging in financial legerde- 
main and would make "a 
good-faith effort” to address 
Republican concerns. 

He said he defined the role 
of government through con- 
flict in his first term and that he 
hoped to define it through con- 
sensus in the second. "I drink 
we’ve found a synthesis" be- 
tween big government and no 
government, he said. 


W ashington — a 
long, sprawling and 
cold-numbed celebra- 
tion of the impending in- 
auguration is under way here, with 
parties, symbolism and more than oc- 
casional hype that will pause briefly 
Monday for William Jefferson Clin- 
ton to take his second oat h of office. 


from receptions to balls and post-ball 
balls expected to prolong Democratic 
celebration until Tuesday morning. 

Most prominent Republicans were 
expected to sit it out quietly, save for 
the ceremonial bipartisan events. 

To no one’s surprise, Mr. Clinton 
was said to be working on his in- 
augural address. His spokesman, Mi- 
chael McCuny, said the president 
was drawing on his 'campaign 
speeches to find words “that capture 
what he calls this unique moment in 
history." 

"1 think you will not be surprised 
by the contents,” Mr. McCuny said. 

* ‘what he’s trying to do is to be alittle 
more contemplative and perhaps a 
little more poetic.” 

The president paused long enough 
to deliver die final Saturday radio 
addre ss of his first term, a five-minute 
assessment of the administration’s ef- 
forts to prevent church burnings. 

Such executive routine went 
mostly unnoticed, drowned out by the 
last hammering together of bleachers 
for Monday’s inaugural parade, a 
rising din of political chatter and the 
accelerating clink of ice cubes. 

Vice President A1 Gore had a cock- 
tail party Saturday night for Demo- 
cratic movers, shakers and donors at 
his government house on Observatory 
Circle. His presumptive rival in four 
years, Richard Gephardt, the House 
minority leader, appeared before more 
of the same types at a Democratic 
Congressional Campaign Committee 
party at the plush Mayflower Hotel 
downtown. _ •• 

This inaugural, billed as modest in 
comparison with Mr. Clinton's as- 
cension as conquering hero four years 
ago, nevertheless boasts much. 
People bored by the pomp and stodgi- 
ness of official inaugural balls lean, 
attentidressed-down. counterrtelks.. 

There is a gay and lesbian WH and 
a web of gay and lesbian celebrations 
in the nightclub districts north of 
downtown. Arkansans will have their 
own ball. Hollywood will have its.- 
offstage celebration at the local Planr. 
et Hollywood restaurant 

Veteran Washmgtonians profess to. 
bate tiie festivities, the way blew Or- 
leans residents tire, of Mardi Gras, 
crowds and Louisvillians flee foe 
Kentucky Derby. But many of their, 
pinstripe exteriors conceal hearts that, 
still thrill a little at the spectacle. 

“Inaugural parties are like love- 
ins. Without the love,” said Thomas 
J. Downey, a former congressman 
and eternal Democratic enthusiast. 

‘‘Going to an inaugural party is 
tough love. Especially if you’re a ~ 
Republican,” .said Kenneth M. 
Duberstein. President Ronald Re- 
agan’s chief of staff End an equally 
fervent Republican enthusiast. 

They and practically every other 
Washingtonian interviewed pro- . 
fessed to detest the glitz of inaugural 
parties, preferring smaller affairs 
with family or close friends. 

Still, miraculously, acres of res- 
taurant and hotel space fronting 
Pennsylvania Avenue will be 
crammed to fire-code limits Monday 
with invitation-only inaugural- 
parade watchers. The same acreage 
and more was snapped up by the same 
elites for weekend affairs. 

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange 
reserved the Old Ebbitt Grill, on 
prime parade-route turf across from 


the Treasury Department, for a 
Sunday brunoi for Illinois members 
of Congress. 

The ABC television network 
leased part of a historic mansion on 
Lafayette Stijuare, across from foe 
White House, for a Sunday party. 

Not to be outdone, NBC threw a 
party at the Willard Intercontinental 
Hotel, and CBS reserved a club room 
at the USAir Arena, the suburban 
home of the city's basketball and 
hockey teams. 

The Democratic National Commit- 
tee will take over the Lafayette 
Square mansion Monday for an in- 
augural party. It also booked Sequoia, 
a2, 000-seat restaurant on the Po- 
tomac, for a firewoarks-watching 
party; an off-downtown nightclub for 
an “after-hour celebration"; a de- 
funct department store for a post- 
inaugural-ball ball; the historic May- 
flower Hotel ballroom for a brunch, 
and Mr- Gore’s house for a Saturday 
party and a Tuesday brunch. 

A national committee spokesman 
said nobody would ask for money at 
the party's parties. On foe other hand, 
nobody has to. 

“It's expected," said Mr. 
Downey, tongue only half in cheek. 
“There’s nothing that's not fund- 
raising in both parties right now." 

■ Clinton Greets Supporters 

Mr. Clinton celebrated Sunday 
| with excited supporters and mused, 
“Maybe this will be better foe second 
time around," The Associated Press 
reported from Washington. 

Eager to recreate the enthusiasm of 
four years ago, Mr. Clinton urged 
revelers to have a good time. “Ihope 
every day for foe next four years you 
will be immens ely proud of what you 
did to make this day come abom,’ ’ he 
said at a Democratic National Com- 
mittee brunch. 

Mr. Clinton recalled "foe darkest 
days of ’94 and ’95.” after .foe Re- 
publicans won control of ' Congress. 
Even then, he believed his presidency 
would geta. second chance, he said. 

“And I've run my last race,” the 
president told foe Democrats. “But 
we haven't done all the work we need 
to do for our country for the 21st 
centiny. We have to maintain both a 
commitment to. progress and a com- 
_ ntitnjepLto conuminity.” 

Mrs.*. Clinton, meanwhile, was 
heartily applauded at a fund-raiser of 
2*500 supporters of Democratic wo- 
men politicians. Introduced as "our ’ 
leader arid our role model.” Mrs. 

. Clinton praised “the humanization 
of politi.es” as demonstrated by the 
campaign focus on family issues. 

. Mr. Clinton campaigned to be the 
first president of the 2 1st century , and 
his inaugural address was expected to 
stress tte challenges ahead. 

‘‘Yoa’il hear foe president talk 
about what a truly special moment 
tiris is In our history, going from one 
generation to the next,” the White 
House chief of staff. Erskzne Bowles, 
said an NBC. “I know you all heard 
■him talk incessantly during foe cam- 
paign about this bridge to the 21st 
century. Tomorrowl think you’ll hear 
him talk more about what foe Amer- 
ican^ people need to do to prepare 
ourselves to go across that bridge.” 

The last day of his first term began 
with a trip to Falls Church, Virginia, 
where the Clintons attended services 
at which the Reverend Rex Horne of 
.Immanuel Baptist Church in Little 
Rock. Arkansas, was guest preacher. 

The Clintons later went to foe 
church they usually attend. Foundry 
United Methodist in Washington. 

At anti-abortion protests near the 
White House and the Washington 
church the Clintons attended, about 50 
rrasmbers of the Christian Defense Co- 
alition held large signs depicting abor- 
ted fetuses and a banner reading “ "The 
Children of Hillary’s Village.” 


T 


v M 3 t 
». gil* 1 

'AT .. 


hiiiifieti 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


WEATHER 


Farmers Block Roads Russian Fin Epidemic 


To Airport in Milan 

MILAN (AFP) — Italian farmers 
protesting European dairy quotas used 
their tractors to block roads to Milan's 
Linaie airport for a third day Sunday. 

About 3,000 protesters said they 
would continue their action, which has 
caused a 30 percent dip in passenger use, 
after Prime Minister Romano Prodi 
ruled out overturning a EU accord lim- 
iting milk production. 

Travelers have been forced to walk to 
and from the terminal building because 
of the blockade outside the airport, one 
of two serving Milan. 


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MOSCOW ( AP) — The number of flu 
victims in Russia is expected to increase 
sharply in the next week, with a flu 
epidemic already registered in 13 cities, 
a top health official said Sunday. 

At least five people have died of the 
disease or its complications in five days, 
said the country's chief sanitary inspect- 
or, Gennadi Onischenko. 

Americans should avoid eastern 
Zaire, where fighting by rebels has in- 
tensified recently, foe U.S. government 
says. The State Department advised 
Americans to defer all travel to the east- 
ern regions, including North and Smith 
Kivu and Haut-Zaire. (AFP) 

Saudia, the Saudi Arabian airline, 
will resume flights to Beirut, which were 
halted 15 years ago because of the civil 
war in Lebanon. Starting in February, 
Saudia will operate two flights a week to 
Beirut from Riyadh and two from foe 
Red Sea port of Jidda, said the com- 
pany's deputy director-general. Abdel 
Hamid JahdalL (AFP) 

Egypt had a record 3.9 million tour- 
ists in 1996 and earned a record of more 
than 53 billion from tourism from July 


1995 to July 1996. an official at foe 
Tourism Ministry said Sunday. The in- 
creases came despite attacks on tourists, 
including one in April in which 1 8 Greek 
visitors were slain. (Reuters) 

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines says it 
expects to begin foe worldwide intro- 
duction of electronic ticketing in 1998 
after a trial period on its Rotterdam- 
London service in the second half of this 
year. (AFX) 

Japan Air Lines says it will raise by 
13 foe number of its international routes 
by March 1998. Routes will include new 
services to Istanbul. New York, Rank- 
fun and Bangkok. (AFP) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will 
be closed or services curtailed in the 
following countries and their depend- 
encies this week because of national and 
religious holidays; 

MONDAY: G«aea~Bw«u, Man. Puerto 

Rico. United State*. 

TUESDAY; Barbados. P oan m c an Republic 

THURSDAY : Israel. Mauritius, Sri Lanka, 

Sources: J.P, Morgan, Reuters, 
Bloomberg. 


Europe 


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Mated 

IBM 

Moscow 

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Moo 

Oslo 

P*B 

Pngua 

Rome 

Sl PeUnbura 

Stodtftaht 

Sbumwb 

TbMwi 


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Forecast far Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWaathec Asia 





HtCNIM 

HmgK«. 


North America 

Stormy weather wilt be 
returning to trie Rockies 
and toe Wes Coast otthe 
Unted statae Tuesday and 
Wednesday vrtHi areas of 
looking rain and heavy 
snowtellntftt mountains. 
In contrast, arctic air hi the 
Northeast w* be erased by 
a milder surge tram the 
Plato*. 


Europe 

Near- le above-normal 
temperature* «« remain 
the rule across most of 
Euope tfvough Thursday. 
Most ol the continent wffl 
also stay dry. though a 
aortas of anal stoma wO 
keep the Iberian Perinsuia 
wet. The rain could be 
locally heavy, especially 
cveraoulhamSpato. .. 


Asia 

Tokyo end much 'el Japan 
wU! be cool to cM {y end 
unsettled thrown Thum- 
day.wNtobtfhlferoaaand 
Manchuria stay nuMy dry. 
tut wry cotd. Seasonabta 
h Bttgtog and northeastern 
China Tuesday, than turn. 


Thursday. Seasonable In 
Kang wBh aahower 


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THE AMERICAS 


POLITICAL NOTES 


t^OTOfCoogre^.IWrmembSs 


oj*u umcr sympathetic 

observers say that it has been severe 

^ take “ore than public 
apologia from the Georgia R«mb-. 
bean to heal the wounds. 

n V^f^in ^^ois last week,” said 
Robert Michel, a former House Re- 
publican leader, “people were ask- 
“fS- My God, what is going on 
down there? When are they going to 
get down to business?’ ” .. 

4 1 think die damage has been 
considerable,” said former Repre- 
sentative Robert Kastenm&r, 
Democrat of Wisconsin. “It isn’t 
Gtngnch alone, ft’s so murky and 


wed: bui: nor yet made-public found «■ 
that -the ethics battle — which 
cratered on the speaker but also in- 
volved. controversy over a possibly 
illegal interception of one of his 

' nhnrift (Ymvpmtinno «ul tl... 


had leaked a transcript of it — had 
cut the approval score of Congress 
ly a handful of percentage points. 

But it remains above die level of 
last January, when the budget dead- 
lock and shutdown of government 
produced a distinctly negative pub- 
lic reaction. From naHir of 
roughly 30 percent, approval spiked 


laboma Republican. “People were 
beginning to feel pretty good about it. 
Now the phrase you bear most often 
is thatxt’s become a circus.” 

For an institution whose Job per- 
formance has been disapproved by a 
majority of Americans consistently 
this decade, the downturn in the latest 
survey points to an ominous trend. 

Hank Brown, a Colorado Repub- 
lican who retired from the Senate 
last year after previously serving 10 
years in the House and seven years 
on its ethics committee, said: “Both 
the Democrats and Republicans I’ve 
talked to are kind of sickened by it. It 


tutional damage from a spectacle of 
bitter partisan wrangling was worse. 

“This is just the latest episode,” 
said a former House Democratic 
whip, William Gray 3d of Penn- 
sylvania, now the head of the United 
Negro College Fund. “More than a 
decade ago, the Republicans under 
Gingrich adopted what I call the My 
Lai tactic — ‘We have to bum down 
tins institution to save it’ “ 

“I don '(know if the reprimand and 
die huge fine will kill the Democrats’ 
Just for blood or if there will be new 
accusations,” he added, referring to 
the $300,000 fine Mr. Gingrich is 



March bipartisan retreat in Hershey. 
Pennsylvania, ar which legislators are 
to do soai-«earching on the nasty tone 
of House debates in recent yeans. 

“The atmospherics around the 
Gingrich case have frayed emotions 
even more,” said his partner, David 
Skaggs, “but I have sensed that 
most members feel we have to patch 
things together again.” The Col- 
orado Democrat said that Mr. Gin- 
grich and the minority leader, 
Richard Gephardt of Missouri, had 
“made it clear to us they are more 
committed than ever to the success 
of the Heisbey retreat.” 


Not the Ordinary Tragedy 

Why Cosby Son’s Killing Touches a Deeper Chord 


By Caryn James Queens who has been down- stream of products. Certain 

New York Tunes Service sjaed 001 his job in whites would have been way 

. “Cosby,” a sitcom for winch too ethnic for that.” 

Now YORK — - On Che CBS is reported to be paying The benevolent Cosby im- 
tast track of celebrity culture, him $1 million an episode. ■ age is, of course, as carefully 
family tragedies are as com- All those roles were van- orchestrated as. any in show 


family tragedies are as com- 




lip service is paid to the prob- 
lems of the famous, such 
sympathy usually masiry 
much lurid curiosity. 

Think of the reaction to the 
news that Marlon Brando’s 
son was arrested for having 
shot his sister’s fianed. 
However unkind and unfair, 
among ordinary people Hol- 
lywood tragedies usually 
evoke the unspeakable idea 
that raessed-up parents have 
spawned messed-up kids and 
• §night grief on themselves. 

The killing of Bill Cosby’s 
son, Ennis, who was shot on a 
Los Angeles freeway while 
changing a flat tire, evoked a 
deeper, more humane re- 
sponse. People as modest as a 
white elementary school prin- 
cipal in Chicago and as vis- 
ible as Jesse Jackson respond- 
ed to the slaying as if it were a 
death in the family, and in a 
way it was. Ennis Cosby’s 
death is a fearful reminder 
that being a good parent is 
never enough to protect your’ 
children. 

The strength of that reac- 
tion speaks fo Mr. Cosby's 
ownmmxalbreakingtniagpag 
the first black man to sym- 
bolize the All-American dad. 

Bill Cosby has represented 
the American family in a way 
that transcended race, through 
all the phases of his careen as 
a stand-tip comic reminiscing 
Sibout his brothers and neigh- 
borhood kids like Fat Albert; 
in television advertisements 
for the packaged dessert Jell- 
0, cavorting warmly with 
children, bringing himself to 
their playful level; as the au- 
thor of best-selling books like 
“Fatherhood.” 

He is also Hilton Lucas, s 
lovably cranky man from 


Cliff Huxtable, the middle- 
class father he played on 
“The Cosby Show” on NBC 
from 1984 to 1992. His char- 
acter was an obstetrician with 

NEWS ANALYSIS 


a working wife and five chil- 
dren, including an only son, 
Theo, modeled on Emus. 

“The Cosby Show” is 
widely credited with reviving 
the sitcom genre on televi- 
sion, but ft had a far wider 
social i mp o rtan ce. As a stable 
father, a good provider, a man 
who emphasized the impor- 
tance' of education,'' Cliff 
Huxtable had a huge impact 
cm die images of . mack fam- 
ilies. In this black, 1980s ver- 
sion of “Father Knows 
Best,” Mr. Cosby became an 
icon of upper-middle-class 
fatherhood mat people of aO 
races could relate to. 

As Cliff Huxtable, a hlack 
man who was also a benign 
father figure, Mr. Cosby rep- 
resented a success - story- *x 
Made viewers and offered a 

T HMrfhiwi tiling, familiar . wn- ■ 

age to whites; Thai ability to. 
cross racial lines explains why 
he has been so valuable a com- 
modfty, as a sitcom star and a 
commercial pitchman. 

Barbara Lippert, critic for 
Ad week magazine, said of Ml 
C osby’s Cmf Huxtable: 

. “He was an upper-middle- 
class kind of dad, a profes- 
sional man who was very in- 
volved with his family. TTiere 
was no kind of model like that 
on television for a blade man 
before him. It seems obvious 
now, bnr it was a big break- 
through- He became a man 
more than a black man, and he 
sold Jefl-O, fee most main- 


family is not perfect. One of 
Mr. Cosby's four daughters 
had a well-publicized battle 
with drugs, m which her fath- 
er took what he called a 
“tough love” approach. 

Ennis had a spotty academ- 
ic record until he was found to 
have dyslexia. But such 
- weaknesses only «m phagi»». 
die everyday reality of (he 
Cosby family. 

. Rom his working-class 
background in Philadelphia to 
his role as philanthropist. Bill 
Cosby has represented a ver- 
sion of the American dream 
that goes beyond money. Mr. 
Cosby and his wife. Camille, 
have been married for 33 
years. Long after show busi- 
ness success, he returned to 
school and received a PhD. in 
education. And in recent 
years he and his wife have 
donated 520 million to Spel- 
man College, a predomin- 
ately black institution. 

But Ennis Cosby’s murder 
readies a dark, unavoidable 
historical lesson that, the so- 
cial critic Stanley Crouch 
says, goes back to John F. 
Kennedy’s assassination: 
“No one, no matter how 
powerful or well-intentioned, 
exists outside the chaotic rav- 
ages of society.” 

Thai may be why tbe death 
of Mr. Cosby’s son touches 
the public in a more profound 
way than most celebrity tra- 
gedies. ft is not merely that 
Ennis, with his own philan- 
thropic dans to start a school 
for children with learning dis- 
abilities, represents the loss of 
a hopeful future. 

Bill Cosby himself repres- 
ents the best a father, black or 
white, can do, and it is never 
enough. 



JutiGWniAagnndtai 

BITTER WINTER — A frozen calf and its dead mother near Snmmitt, South 
Dakota, which has seen temperatures drop to of 25 degrees below zero. 


Bogota Seeks Longer Drug Sentence 


New York Times Service 


from U.S. diplomats and Color 
officials, the leaders of the Cali d 
been sentenced to prison terms 


9 and 10 


years. In its heyday, the rag was believed to 
be responsible for up to 80 percent of cocaine 
shipments to the United States. 

The sentencing of the brothers Miguel and 
Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuda, made public 
Friday by a judge in Cali, appeared to further 


dampen the political goodwill of tbe United 
States, less man two months before Wash- 
ington’s annual decisoc on whether to certify 
Colombia as a country that has made progress 
in anti-drug enforcement 

The Colombian chief prosecutor’s office 
announced that it would appeal the decision 
anrf do everything in its power to “obtain a 
jusr sentence, cue p roportional to tbe barm 
caused to society.” Under the sentence, the 
brothers could be free in less than five years. 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

Polar Bear Watch in Alaska 

The polar bears that inhabit the Alaskan 
coast would not seem to be a species much 
in need of protection. 

Their strength is legendary, reports Na- 
tional Wildlife magazine. A polar; bear can 
hoist from tbe water a beluga whale several 
times its own weight and pull a l 2-inch- 
thick seal through a four-inch ice hole, 
often breaking most of the smaller animal’s 
bones. With a five-inch layer of blubber, 
needle-sharp claws for gripping ice and 
clear (not white) hairs that allow the sun’s 
warmth to pass through, the polar bear 
seems incredibly well-suited for life in tbe 
far north. , 

But the bears’ popularity with trophy 
hunters, and their traditional pursuit by 
Native Alaskan subsistence hunters, left 
them in danger of being overhunted by the 
mid-1970s. That, and tbe oil industry’s 
interest in the Annie, led to an agreement 
among five polar nations to protect the 
bears and then- ecosystems. 

In the United States, only Native 
Alaskans are now allowed to bunt them. 
There are about 1,800 polar bears in tbe 
Beaufort Sea area just off Alaska’s north- 
ern coast and an unknown number off the 
west coast in the Chukchi Sea. but scientists 
say overall numbers are stable or increas- 
ing. 

Environmentalists still fear that Con- 
gress might some day decide to open the 
coastal plain of the Arctic National Wild- 
life Refuge to oil development But a great- 
er fear m die long term is that global 
warming could literally melt the ice out 
from under the bears. 

Short Takes 

Speaking of cold: Surfs up off the 
frigid coast of Maine. In that part of the 
Northeast coast, where water temperatures 


can dip into the mid-30s in wintertime — as 
compared with the 50s off the coast of 
Northern California — more than 100 hard- 
core surfers have built a reputation as the 
country's * ‘iron men” of surfing. The Bos- 
ton Globe reports. “I don’t know anyone 
who surfs any water colder than they do.” 

| said Sam George, editor of Surfer 
magazine. 

Advances in wet-suit technology have 
made winter surfing possible, if not exactly 
comfortable. Between spongy layers of 
neoprene rubber, a shield of titanium is 
Stitched to reflect body beat back to. tbe , 
body. The heaviest suits cost $300 to 
$400. 

Still, Maine in January? “Where else 
can you surf in tbe morning, drive a couple 
hours and go slri some powder in the af- 
ternoon?” asked William Mozak, a regular 
surfer. “I think you get a lot of respect 
when you surf in Maine.” 

What is it about the center? Psycho- 
low Today reports that Nicholas Chnsien- 
feld. a psychologist in San Diego, found 
that when men enter a public restroom with 
four stalls. 60 percent of them head for one 
of the two middle stalls, not 50 percent as 
one might expect- And when shoppers are 
faced with four rows of crackers on a 
supermarket shelf, two-thirds take a box 
from one of the two center rows. Why? Mr. 
Christenfeld thinks there may be an un- 
conscious decision that the center is safer, 
taking a can of tomato paste from an end 
row, for example, we might accidentally 
grab the jar of sauce next to iL A lesson for 
politicians, perhaps? 

Callers to the Visiting Nurse Asso- 
ciation in Northampton. Massachusetts, 
innocently seeking a nurse, have been com- 
ing in for a shock when their calls go 
instead to Hard Man Enterprises, a male-to- 
maJe sex tine. Turns out the nursing group’s 
□umber was misprinted in Nynex phone 
directories; Nynex is seeing what can be 
done. A spokesman for the nursing as- 
sociation said that it was expanding its 
services — “but not in that direction.’ 

International Herald Tribune 


Paul E. Tsongas, Ex-Senator, Dies at 55 


By Karen De Witt 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Paul E. 
Tsongas, the farmer senator 
from Massachusetts who was 
tbe only candidate in the 1992 
presidential primaries to offer 
painful solutions to the na- 
tion’s economic problems, 
died Saturday night at a hos- 
pital in Boston. He was 55. 

Mr. Tsongas was hospit- 
alized Jan. 3 with a liver prob- 
lem related to his treatme n ts 
for lymph cancer. 

Mr. Tsongas made his sur- 
vival from cancer an issue in 
his presidential campaign 
when he and two of his doc- 
tors said he had been cancer- 
free since a bone-marrow 
transplant in 1986. 




another transplant, getting 
(tone -marrow from his twin 
sister, ThaJeia SchJesinger, to 
correct myelodysplasia, a 
bone-marrow disorder com- 
mon in people who have re- 
covered from lymph cancer. 

In seeking the Democratic 
nomination. Mr. Tsongas 
offered a wry and occasion- 
ally moralistic message about 
responsibility. He began the 


primary campaign with a vic- 
tory in New Hampshire and 
went on to win in three other 
states and the caucuses of four 
states. But Bill Clinton even- 
tually w put an to the con- 
vention with four rimes as 
many delegates. 

Clyde W. Tombaugh, 90, 
Discovered Pinto in 193© 

LAS CRUCES. New Mex- 
ico (Reuters) — Clyde W. 
Tombaugh, 90, discoverer of 
die planet JPhao, died at bis 
home near here Friday. 

He suffered frotnrespfralwy 

problems for several years. 

Mr. Tombaugh discovered 
Piuto in 1930 when he was a 
23-year-old with rally a high 
school diploma. 

A self-taught astronomer 


(22 centimeter) telescope in 
the 1920s on his femily’s 
farm in Kansas, Mr. Tom- 
baugh found Pluto cm Feb- 18, 
19307 becoming one of only 
four people credited with dis- 
covering a planet. 

Mae Barnes, 89, Jazz 
Singer and Dancer 
NEW YORK (NYT) — 
Mae Barnes, 89, the sassy 


pop-jazz singer and dancer 
who introduced the Charle- 
ston on Broadway and later 
became a New York night- 
club legend, died of cancer in 
Boston on Dec: 13. 

Famous for her special ma- 
terial — songs like “(I Ain’t 
Gonna Be No) Topsy.” an 
assertion of black pride that 
was ahead of its time — and 

famous fra* her irreverent in- 
terpolations into familiar lyr- 
ics, Ms. Barnes loved to poke 
fun at rite songs of the day. 

Other signature songs' in- 
cluded “On the Sunny Side of 
the Street,” ‘Tin Gonna Sit 
Right Down and Write My- 
self a Letter” arid “They 
Raided foe Joint and Took 
Everybody Down but Me,” 
all sung in a rhythmically 


the insinuation of foe bawdy 
blues with rant jazz phrasing. 

Elspetli Huxley, 89, 
Journalist and Author 
LONDON (NYT) — 
Elspefo Huxley, 89, a witty 
and energetic journalist and 
author of mote than 30 books, 
including memoirs, bio- 
graphies, crime stones and 
novels, many inspired by her 


childhood in colonial Kenya, 
died Jan. 10 in amusing home 
in Tetbuiy, in Gloucester- 
shire, England. 

Although her eclectic lit- 
erary output reflected an ex- 
traordinary range of interests, 
Mrs. Huxley was perhaps best 
known for a 1959 work of 
autobiographical fiction, 

“The Fame Trees of Thika,” 
which was based on her early 
life among white settlers ort 
her father's coffee plantation. 

Lubov Rostova, 80, a prom- 
inent dancer with the Ballets 
Russes in the 1930s, died Jan. 
13 at her home is Oyster Bay, 
New Yoik. (NIT) 

Douglas Green wald, S3, 
former chief of economics for 

UtA roiUliAiiHMto nriit nf 


Graw-HUl Cos. and eduor of 
the McGraw-Hill Encyclope- 
dia of Economics, died of a 
heart attack Wednesday in 
Sarasota, Florida. (NYT) 

Park Jae Be, 52, president 
of Cho Yang Stripping Co., in 
South Korea, died in Seoul on 
Wednesday of a prolonged 
liver ailment, company offi- 
cials said Saturday. (AP) 


Away From Politics 

• Walt Disney Co. has agreed to provide sign language 

interpreters and captioning systems for the deaf and those who 
have trouble bearing at its two theme paries in California and 
Florida, the Justice Department said. (Reuters) 

• An Amlrak train hit a tractor-trailer backing up over a 
railroad crossing near Culpeper, Virginia, injuring 15 people 
aboard the train and spraying the rig’s cargo into the air. (AP) 

• An Episcopal priest was arrested as he smoked a crack 
pipe while typing his sermon, and was charged with dealing 
drugs from his church, the New York police said. (AP) 

• Striking Detroit newspaper workers blocked traffic and 
delayed motorises at two bonder crossings with Canada. (AP) 


Living in the U.S.? 

Now printed in New York 



THE TORIiTS QfUOf NEWSPAPER 


Clinton’s New Regimen: Stretch 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton went golf- 
ing in Australia with Greg Norman, hoping to pick up a 
pointer or two. But it turns out the commander in chief had 
a few things to teach the Shark as well. 

As Mr. Clinton recounted the story, Mr. Norman asked 
him at the fifth bole of their much-publicized match last 
November if he had back problems because his back- 
swing was so long for a 50-year-old man. The president 
replied that he did not because Lately lie has adopted a 
strict regimen of daily stretching exercises. 

By the time they got to the 1 3th hole, according to Mr. 
Clinton, Mr. Norman was beseeching him to show him 
how he stretches every rooming. "You mean right here?” 
Mr. Clinton asked incredulously. Mr. Norman insisted. 
“So here we are at the 13th hole,” the president recalled 
with a huge grin. “These two guys who’d been playing 
with us dunk we've lost our minds. We're laying on our 
backs on the fairway at the 1 3th hole. . . .” Mr. Clinton 
was practically giddy telling the story to visiting jour- 
nalists Thursday night as they left the Oval Office. 

Unable to jog often during the campaign, Mr. Clinton 
said he began doing 15 to 45 minutes of pushups, sit-ups, 
stretches and “crunches” each morning after reading an 
article suggesting that the aging process was worsened by 
the loss of flexibility. “The older I get, when I get up in 
the morning. I’m tight.*’ he said. The stretching ‘‘dra- 
matically alters my energy level” he added, “even 
though every day I'm sore.” (WPI 

New Party Chairman Sets Goals 

WASHINGTON — The newly elected Republican 
National Committee Chairman, Jim Nicholson, says that 
winning back the White House in 2000 will be his highest 
priority , and attracting more votes from women and minor- 
ities represents pan of the strategy for getting there. 

In his first news conference after winning a sixth-ballot 
victory Friday, Mr. Nicholson said Saturday that among 
the party task forces he planned to establish, one will 
concentrate on expanding the Republican coalition. 

Mr. Nicholson was elected to succeed Haley Barbour 
after a sometimes acrimonious contest that split foe 
national committee, reopened wounds from foe 1996 
presidential campaign and inflamed ideological factions 
within the party. 

With little experience in national politics and a quiet, 
low-key style, Mr. Nicholson deflected questions about 
whether he' was ready to step into foe kind of role played 
by Mr. Barbour, who not only was one of the party's most 
visible spokesmen but also exercised considerable in- 
fluence with Republican congressional leaders and gov- 
ernors in setting party strategy. 

But Mr. Nicholson, a Colorado home builder and land 
developer, said be believed that he had the kinds of skills 
that might help him to earn the trust of foe party’s elected 
leadership, “fm a good mediator.” he said. “I've done a 
lot of that, and I dunk foal was one of tbe reasons I got 
elected by my peers.” (WPI 


Quote /Unquote 


Mary Matalin, Republican consultant, on Dick Morris, 
foe discredited former consultant to President Clinton 
whose recently published “Winning the Presidency in foe 
Nineties” has been called a kiss-and-tell look at foe 
Clinton administration: "The problem with Dick Morris 
is that he’s psychotic and he’s a pathological liar. He’s a 
psychopath, and the book is fiction.” (1HT) 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


BRIEFLY AS! 


Taiwan and Japan 
Set Security Forum 


TAIPEI — Lawmakers from 
Taiwan and Japan have agreed to 
create a forum to discuss regional 
defense and security policies, a 
Taiwan newspaper reported Sunday, 
The agreement was readied dur- 
ing a. recent visit to Tokyo by a 
delegation led by the Taiwan Par- 
liament 's deputy speaker, Wang Jrn- 
pyng, die United Daily News said- 
The forum would allow dialogue 
on regional security matters in the 
absence of diplomatic ties between 
Taipei and Tokyo, the paper said. 

Mr. Wang was quoted by the 
China Times Express as saying the 
first Taiwan-Japan security forum 
would be held in July or August, 
and could include representatives 
from other countries. (Reuters) 


Iran Offers to Hold 
Afghanistan Talks 


TEHRAN — Iran has offered to 
be host of talks to secure peace in 
Afghanistan, an Iranian Foreign 
Ministry official was reported 
Sunday as saying. 

Iran's deputy foreign minister for 
Asia-Pacific affairs. Alaeddin Bor- 


oujerdi, said the Islamic movement 
Talebar 


leban was expected to attend. 

“Necessary coordinations have 
been made in this regard, but the 
exact dates have not been fixed 
yet,” the Tehran Times, an Eng- 
lish-language newspaper, quoted 
Mr. Boroujerdi as saying. 

Iran recognizes the government 
of the deposed Afghan president, 
B urban udd in Rabbani, and has said 
that Taleban. which seized Kabul in 
September, gives Islam a bad name. 
But it has urged Afghan factions to 
reach an agreement. ( Reuters ) 


Assam Crackdown 



Shiite Center Is Burned in 



ja> ! 


Du 


Canted by OtrSktfPrao 

LAHORE, Pakistan — Sunni Mus- 
lim militants, angered by a bomb ex- 
plosion that killed their leader and 25 
other people, set an Iranian cultural cen- 
ter on fire in Lahore on Sunday. 

The bombing Saturday, winch Sunni 
hard-liners attributed to tan and a local 
Shiite Muslim group, Tehrik-i-Jafria 
Pakistan, raised fears of sectarian unrest 
just two weeks before elections Feb. 3. 

Witnesses said activists of die Sunni 
Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan group attacked 
and burned the Iranian center in a two- 


rivists mourned Mr. Faruqi *s death at a 


funera l Sunday in his hometown of 
Jhang, about 2w kilometers (125 [miles) 


southwest of Lahore. The police in 
Jhang said file town was tense, but quiet 
f or the funeraL 

Mr. Faruqi was killed when a bomb 
exploded outside the Sessions Coart in 
Lahore, shortly before he and bis 
deputy, Azam Tariq, were to appear an 
charges of involvement in the murders ‘ 
of a score of Shiites. The official news 


No (me has daimed responsibility. 
The attack appeared to be the latest in a 
long-running feud.berweea militants 
Pakistan's majority Sunni and minority 
Shiite communities, which cost about 
170 lives last .year,- 

. Shiites form about 15 percent of 
Pakistan’s population of more than 130 
milli on people, but are a majority in 


,i' ! 

>. •vi'd 

tsi 

* 



Passers-by examining the wreckage caused by the blast in Lahore that 
killed the leader of a militant Sunni Muslim group and 25 other people. 


floor offices, and there were no reports 
of casualties. 

The Iranian Embassy in Pakistan con- 
demned the attack on the center as “ter- 
rorism” and asked the Pakistani au- 
thorities to arrest those who carried it 
out, Iranian radio said. 

Thousands of people watched die 
body of Zia ur-Rahman Faruqi, the 
Sunni leader who was killed in die bomb 
blast Saturday, being taken through the 
streets of Lahore. More than 8,000 ac- 


that the death toll from 1 
eff mhed to 26. xocludir 
while25 of about 90 wt 
in critical condition. 

Mr. Tariq, who survived a grenade 
and rocket attack in 1994, was seriously 
wounded. APP said his mother died of 
shock after hearing about the bombing. 

The remote-control bomb; apparently 
left on a motorcycle, went off shortly 
after noon as Mr. Faruqi and Mr. Tariq 
arrived at the court and supporters 
showered them with flowers. 

President Farooq Leghari con- 
demned the bombing as "a dastardly act 


of terrorism." 


The secretary of Iran's National Se- 
curity Council, Hassan Rowhaoi, urged 
Islamabad last week to crack down on 
what be called terrorist groups and to 
prevent more killings of Shiites. 

Tbe . .Sipah-i-Sahaba organization 
called the. human statement an inter- 
ference is Pakistan's internal affairs. 

- On Sunday, newspapers quoted a 
sp okesman for the Susui group as say- 
ing that Iran was providing Shiite groups 
with weapons and money. "We have 
been warning die government about Ira- 
Irf an backing for the Paldstaoi Shiite 

c omm nnjty,^ die spokesmansaid. 

Shiite militancy in Pakistan was 
fueled by die 1979 Islamic revolution in 
Iran, bringing a backlash , from well- 
armed S unni groups. (Reuters, AP) 


\ 

‘t 

• 

■; • M 


*1 

’*8 




-"*4| 




Beijing Sees NATO Growth as Anti-China 


By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 


GUWAHATL India — About 
25,000 Indian troops moved into 
the eastern state of Assam on 
Sunday as part of a major crack- 
down against separatist guerrillas. 

Violence in the region has 
claimed thousands of lives over the 
past five years. 

The soldiers, backed by para- 
military forces, are expected to 
move first on tribal guerrillas who 
have been blamed for more than 
100 deaths in the past month, an 
army general said. 

On Saturday, India's home min- 
ister described the situation in As- 
sam as "alarming.” (AFP) 


SINGAPORE — Beijing sees 
the expansion of NATO as another 
step in a Western plan orchestrated 
by the United States to contain 
China’s rise as a global power, 
according to analysts who monitor 
Chinese policies. 

As senior NATO and Russian 
officials prepared to meet Monday 
in Moscow to discuss their dif- 
ferences over the extension of die 
alliance into Central and Eastern 
Europe this year. Chinese and 
Western military analysts said 
Beijing's next counter to what it 
considers a "containment conspir- 
acy ’ ’ could be to cease giving tacit 
-support to the U.S.-Japanese se- 
curity treaty. 

The treaty has long been re- 
garded by the United States and 
Asian nations as the anchor of sta- 
bility in the Asia-Pacific region 
because it limits the military power 
of Japan — which occupied much 
of East Asia before and during 
World War D — in exchange for 
U.S. guarantees of protection 
against both conventional and nu- 
clear attack. 

Beijing "sees the redefined and 
strengthened U.S. -Japan security 


alliance as directed" against 
China, said Jasjit Singh, director of 
India's Institute for Defense Stud- 
ies and Analyses. The expansion of 
NATO, he added, ‘‘especially if it 
included Russia at a future date." 
appeared to Beijing to be another 
step in a Western plan to contain 
China. 

An evolving “strategic partner- 
ship” between Beijing and Mos- 
cow, first announced in April, was 
intended to increase the two coun- 
tries' leverage in dealin g with 
Washington, Mr. Singh said. 

Russia has repeaieSy said that it 
regards NATO’s move to accept 
several new members from among 
die former communist countries of 
Central and Eastern Europe as a 
threat to its own security. 

Bur China is evidently con- 
cerned that new incentives to Rus- 
sia to soften its opposition to the 
expansion — including a special 
consultative status that would give 
Moscow a seat in the alliance in 
considering policy over common 
problems — may tempt Russia to 
accept, drawing it too closely into 
the Western orbit. 

Western diplomats said die al- 
liance secretary-general, Javier So- 
Lana Madariaga, would offer the 
concessions Monday, when he 


meets with the Russian foreign 
ministe r, Yevgeni P rimalrn v. 

Prime Minister Li Peng of f!hma 
returned from a meeting with Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin in Moscow last 
month saying they had agreed that 
“strategic partnership" between 
their two countries would help 
"offset the influence" of the 
United States as die world’s only 
remaining superpower. 

To give further substance to the 
burgeoning military ties between 
the two former adversaries and to 
underscore the importance of 
China as a customer for Russian 
weapons, Mr. Li signed an agree- 
ment to buy two Sovrernenny-class 
destroyers armed with cruise mis- 
siles in a deal worth some $800 
million, according to the latest is- 
sue of Jane’s Defense Weekly. 

The sale, which U.S. officials 
have confirmed, follows several 
other major Chinese purchases of 
Russian military equipment and 
technology, including 70 Su-27 
fighters and a license to produce 
more of the jets in China. 

Analysts said they expected 
China this year to purchase 50 Su- 
30 MKs, the most advanced Rus- 
sian long-range fighters available 
for export. 

While rejecting the principle of 


foreign bases in Asia, China has in 
the past given tacit support to the 
U.S.-Japanese security treaty be- 
cause it was aimed against the 
former So via Union and limited 
Japan’s ability to rearm with of- 
fensive weapons. ' 

But a Western analyst who was 
in China recently said that since 
President Bill Clinton and Prime 
Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto of Ja- 
pan agreed in April to redefine die 
treaty in a way that widened its 
scope and made it appear to be 
amigri against China, there had 
been "a very important sea 
change" in Beijing's position. 

"Basically I was told by the 
Chinese: ’Who needs a baby sitter 
anymore; we can keep Japan in 
check' " said die analyst, who is a 
forma military intelligence offi- 
cial. 

O utlining China’s increasingly 
hostile attitude toward the treaty, 
Mu Hui Min, a retired army general 
who is secretary-general of die 
China Institute for International 
Strategic Studies, told a security 
conference in Singapore last week 
that the U.S.-Japanese alliance had 
been "transformed from a passive 
and defensive type" of arrange- 
ment into "an active and offensive 


one. 


Seoul Delays Arrests 
After Letup in Strike 


Reuters 

SEOUL — South Korea 
said Sunday it would delay 
anestmg seven fugitive mu- 
on leaders holed up in a 
Seoul cathedral, after they 
agreed to halt indefinite 
strikes against a new labor 
law. 

The Yonhap . news 


days, 
urdav 


agency quoted a senior of- 
ficial from '* ~ 


die Seoul Dis- 
trict Prosecutor's Office as 
saying that the police bad 
pat off moving on Myong- 

dong Cathedral to arrest the 
unionists. 

' Despite the softening 
government stance, violent 
clashes continued between 
riot police and students, 
showing passions over die 
law were --tfiH inflamed: 
"Now that there is a lull 
in the strikes and political 
figures axe seeking cfca- 
logpe, it is necessary to ex- 
ercise flexibility in execut- 
ing the arrest warrants,” die 
umdentified prosecution of- 
ficial was quoted as saying. 

five union lemfeiy had 
been arrested in recent 


, including one on Sat- 
Ly in the southeastern 
cityofUIsan. 

But in a major conces- 
sion, Kwon Young KoLhead 
of the unrecognized Korean 
Confederation of • Trade 
Unions and one erf the seven 
union leaders m die cathed- 
ral. has said unioc members 
would limit strikes to Wed- 
nesdays only. 

.Confederation leaders 
said die focus was now on 
trying to revise the Hew 
law, which makes it easier 
for companies to dismiss 
workers. • 

But the situation re- 
mained [volatile. Riot police .ft 
mounted several raids on > 
Hanyang University in 
Serial just after muid&y 
Sunday, firing tear gas at up 
to 1,000 students who had 
sallied against both die 
labor legislation arid a new 
security law. The students 
fled but then regrouped and 
hurled gasoline bombs and 
foagfre with iron bars in in- 
oenmttent clashes lasting 
one hour. 


■m 


* 


-'* ; 43 



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cmmmoNAL heraij^tribijne, Monday, Ja nuary 20, 1997 


EUROPE 


PAGE 5 


This Id of a Ekdslins Democracy 


By Aiessandra Stanley 

* Nw York Tuna Service ' 

'* MOSCOW — When Communist 
, legislators in the lower hnn^ Qf 

•Parliament threatened last week to 
“JV to impeach President Boris 
• Yeltsin — - bedridden with double 
pneumonia — on changes of ab- 
senteeism, even a few of their own 
l party members blushed. 

After all, the lawmakers them- 
*- selves. Communist and otherwise, 
often do not bother to show op for 
..important business. There have 
-‘been key votes when the speaker of 
the Duma and all six of his deputies 


► were absent, leaving Anatoli Luky- 
anov, the hard-line Communist who 
r supported the 1991 coup against 
" Mikhail Gorbachev, in charge. 

. Voting by proxy is common prac- • 
“ ticeas legislates, in violation of the 
rules, hand over their electronic vet- 
oing cards to colleagues. That doesn't 
-always work, though. At an emer- 
- gency session of die Duma in No-, 
"vember, for example, 40 Commu- 
nists were unable to vote because 
, their voting cards were locked in the 
t whip's safe — and he was on a junket 
to Japan with the key in his pocket 
i As a legislative body, the 450- 


member Duma is r virtually de~ 
clawed, with little power to shape or 
alter the president’s agenda. But as 
an institution, the Duma is a happy 
world free of political correctness, 
rules of sexual conduct or ethics 
investigations. 

. The Duma operates as the id of 
the fledgling Russian democracy. 

Sergei Semyonov, an extreme-na- 
tionalist member of the Duma from 
Saransk who is deputy chairman of 
the committee on women, families 
and youth, lives with three women 
and recently proposed a bill to le- 
galize polygamy —because, he says, 
there aren’t enough-sober and gain- 
fully employed men to go around. 

“The majority of Russian, men 
are too poor to support one family, 
let alone several," Mr. Semyonov, 
- who is 22, boasted to reporters. “I 
have the money and energy to keep 
all my women fully sa t i sfi ed, ma- 
terially and physically.** 

By the ever-sliding standards of 
the Duma, Mr. Semyonov is a che- 
valier. The leader of his party, 
Vladimir Zhirinovsky, got into a 
fistfight on the chamber floor in 
1995 and punched Yevgeniya Tish- 
kovskaya (one of 45 women in the 
Duma) in the face. Later, he ex- 


plained with a leer that he was fold- 
ing off her sexual advances. 

Mr. Zhirinovsky’s Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party is .more outr6 than most, 
but it is by no means the only polit- 
ical faction spared inhibitions . 

Last falL the newspaper Mos- 

kovsky Komsomotets published ex- 
cerpts of a cleaning lady's formal 
complaint about bipartisan pcoy 
thievery — Duma workers had lifted 
soap, towels, cups, telephones, mir- 
rors, light bulbs and toilet paper. 

No one has been fined,, or nauled 
in front of the subcommittee on eth- 
ics, which exists but has almost never 
- sanctioned a member of Parliament. 

And that could be one reason their 

counterparts in Europe and the 
United Stales might, at times, feel a 
little envious. 

In the Duma, former Represen- 
tative Robert Donum, who lost his 
California district in November to a 
woman, would not have raised an 
eyebrow with his denunciation of 
* ‘lesbian spear-chuckeis.’ * 

The House speaker. Newt Ging- 
rich, would never have to sweat out 
an ethics hearing here — the notion 
that a legislator should not use tax- 
exempt redds for his own political 
purposes is nonsensical here. 


“There are no financial scandals 
in the Duma, because nobody even 
cries to hide their conflicts of in- 
terest,” explained Dmitri Prnsker, 
who covers the Duma for Itogi, a 
news magazine. Nor is there much 
reporting about the members’ more 
blatant financial irregularities. 

“There is almost no way to trace 
illicit money,” Mr. Pinsker said. 
“There is no oversight and no paper 
trail. You can’t prove anything.” 
Parliamentary immunity, more- 
over, attracts candidates who are 
facing criminal charges and want to 
escape prosecution by becoming 
lawmakers. 

Mr. Pinsker added that despite a 
rule prohibiting legislators from en- 
gaging in commercial business, 
many do. “It's not hidden,” he said. 
“There are deputies with expensive 
cars and houses. They just put the 
business in their wives’ name." 

He also said sexual harassment 
was not an issue: “It's the norm, our 
version of the work ethic.'’ 

Some American congresswomen 
detect nostalgia for this sort of stan- 
dard on Capitol Hill. 

“Some of my male colleagues 
have been in Congress for a very 
long time, and they do seem to miss 


the good old days of less account- 
ability and before the gift ban was in 
place," said Representative Nita 

Lowey, Democrat of New York. 

Ms. Lowey, who has visited Russia 
several times, said she was appalled 
by the blatant graft and corruption in 
both the executive and the legislative 
branches of the government, and par- 
ticularly by the rampant, unapolo- 
geric sexism in the Duma. 

The old Soviet Duma, she said, 
had better manners: “It seems that 
the Communist Parliament was 
more respectful to women than the 
current body." 

Alla Gerber, a legislator from a 
liberal reform party who lost her bid 
for re-election in December, is Jew- 
ish as weO as a woman, and has 
endured slurs from colleagues on the 
floor on both fronts. “The main 
problem is the low cultural level of 
80 percent of Duma members," she 
said. “Most come from the old no- 
menklatura of the provinces and have 
no idea what civilized behavior is." 

Many view the Duma with a mix- 
ture of horror and fascination. As do 
the reporters who cover it- “The 
only other Parliament I've visited 
was in Israel,” Mr. Pinsker said. 
“The Knesset was boring.” 



Bulgaria’s New President Calls for Vote 


. . AfttMdKmqfiartvi 

KICKING UP DUST — Some of the 20 chimney 
sweeps m traditional garb who demonstrated in 

Potsdam against government plans to cut benefits. 


SOFIA — The new Bul- 
garian president, Petar Stoy- 
anov, was sworn in Sunday 
. before Parliament and imme- 
diately urged the chamber to 
agree to early legislative elec- 
tions. 

Mr. Stoyanov, wbo crushed 
the challenge from die ruling 
Socialists in presidential elec- 
tions in November, reputed 
demands of the opposition 
that the government agree to 
early elections to allow the 
people to give a verdict on its 
dire economic record. 

“People are demonstrating 
in the streets because their 
poverty has reached desper- 
ate levels," Mr. Stoyanov, 
44, told the inauguration 
gathering, which included die 

former: president, Zhelyu 
Zbelev; die caretaker prime 
minister, Than Videnov, and 
Patriarch Maxim, 

.The country’s political 
rivals set aside then - differ- 
ences for the brief and solemn 


ceremony in Parliament to 
show their shared respect for 
the man they hope can help 
resolve the country's political 
crisis as a prelude to urgently 
needed economic recovery. 

Opposition deputies sus- 
pended their boycott of die 
legislature for the occasion 
and sat together with members 
of the Socialist Party, former 
Communists whom they want 
to oust from power. 

Later, about 40,000 rallied 
in the capital, as well as in 
other cities to celebrate Mr. 


Mr. Stoyanov and Mr. 
Zhelev have added their 
voices to the two-week protest 
movement, but the Socialists, 
although prepared for a mea- 
sure of compromise, have in- 


sisted on forming a new gov- 
ernment. Elections are not due 
until the end of 1998. but the 
opposition has called for 
pushing them forward to 
March this year. (AFP. AP) 


Doggedly, Serbs Protest 


ring to the Socialists. 

Mr. Stoyanov, wbo offi- 
cially takes power Wednes- 
day, will assume control of a 
country in turmoil. Economic 
collapse led to the fall of Mr. 
Videnov's administration in 
December and brought pro- 
testers desperate for a change 
of government into the 
streets. 


Routers 

BELGRADE — The 
protest movement in Serbia 
trotted out a new strategy 
Sunday, getting hundreds of 
pet dogs to walk — and some- 
times baric — for democracy. 

Hundreds of dogs joined 
their masters for a 63d day of 
street protests against the an- 
nulment by the governing So- 
cialists of opposition victor- 
ies in municipal elections. 

Some dogs barked in uni- 
son at riot police trying to en- 
force a ban on street marches. 

Nine weeks of demonstra- 
tions by Serbia’s Zajedno, or 


Together, coalition have been 
distinctive for nonviolence, 
creativity and humor, and the 
rally of the dogs Sunday was 
no exception. 

On Saturday, protesters 
dressed up in uniforms to 
mock the riot police who 
shadow diem every day. 

But President Slobodan 
Milosevic and his Socialist 
Party We shown little sign of 
■backing down from their can- 
cellation of the municipal 
election results. Daily rallies 
notwithstanding, the Serbian 
crisis looked set to drag on 
without resolution. 


BRIEFLYtU/?OP£ 


Kohl Backs Finance Minister 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut Kohl came to the de- 
fense of his finance minister on Sunday after members ot 
his own party said Theo Waigel should be removed from 
his post if bis tax reform plan fell short of expectations. 

Some officials of Mr. Kohl’s Christian Dfnocranc 
Union said over the weekend that the work of Mr. 
Waigel 's tax reform commission was not progressing as 
quickly or as radically as they would like. 

“Theo Waigel is a successful and internationally re- 
garded finance minister, who has a difficult task to 
accomplish at the moment and has my full support- Mr. 
Kohl told the newspaper Bild in an arucle made public 
ahead of publication on Monday. (Reuters} 

Labour Party Slips an Inch 

LONDON — The Labour Party’s lead over the Con- 
servatives has slipped to 17 percent, from 19 percent last 
month, an NOP poll in The Sunday Times said 

The poll indicated that 49 percent ot eligible voters 
support Labour, down from 50 percent m December. That 
compared with 32 percent for the Conservatives, up from 
31 percent last month. (Reuters} 

Jail for Scientologists in Milan 

MILAN — An appeals court has sentenced 29 mem- 
bers of the Church of Scientology to mil terms for ‘crim- 
inal association.” the Corriere della Serra reported. 

The newspaper said Saturday that the ruling was handed 
down on Dec. 2 after prosecutors appealed the acquittal in 
a tax case of 67 of 74 Scientologists six years ago. 

The remaining seven were given light sentences 
from nine to 20 months — for the ill-treatment of people 
the court regarded as mentally weak. They all were 
acquitted of tax evasion charges. 

A Scientology spokesman, Fabio Amicarelli. the 
church was being persecuted in Italy. (Atr) 

More Strikes Planned in Greece 

ATHENS — Teachers and other workens plan to strike 
this week against the government’s tough income and tax 
policies, joining seamen and civil aviation workers whose 
walkouts have 'disrupted Greek transportation services. 

A seven-day strike by seamen, affecting all ships with 
Greek crews, has been marked by clashes with special Coast 
Guard forces and has kept most vessels idle at ports. 

High school teachers are to begin a strike Monday to 
demand better pay. (Reuters} 


The EU This Week: 

International Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• EU foreign ministers review the state of the intergov- 
ernmental conference on ELI reform at a meeting in Brussels 
on Monday. Ministers will hold the first discussion of a 
French-German plan to allow some Union members to deepen 
integration in certain areas without restraint from reluctant 

C °» n <tenior European officials discuss the possibility of using 
welfare reform to buttress employment at a conference hosted 
by the Dutch government in Amsterdam on Friday and 
Saturday. 


/V’. 












4 / ' 


mmmSm 


CVTERNATI01VAL HERALD TRffiUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 

INTERNATIONAL " 


A 1 


>rs 


Q&A /Thomas Borer 

Mediator Says Swiss 
Didn’t React Properly 


To counter international criticism 
of Switzerland's gold transactions 
with the Nazis and Swiss banks’ han- 
dling of wartime Jewish deposits . the 
federal government has created a spe- 
cial task force headed by Thomas 
Borer . 39, a former deputy inspector- 
general of the Swiss foreign service. 
Mr. Borer acts as mediator in contacts 
with the World Jewish Congress and 
Alfonse D' Amato, head of the US. 
Senate’s Banking Commission, who 
has been one of the strongest critics of 
Switzerland's wartime past. Mr. Borer 
talked in Geneva with Robert Kroon 
for the International Herald Tribune. 

Q. How do you feel about inter- 
national criticism of Switzerland's fi- 
nancial dealings with the Third Reich 
and the banks' purported reluctance to 
surrender assets of Holocaust victims? 

A. This has plunged Switzerland 
into its biggest crisis since the war. 
We have a major problem in foreign 
and public relations, especially with 
the United States — but also in do- 
mestic politics. When this thing first 
came up last year the government 
didn't react properly. The attitude 
was: Oh well, let's leave it to the 
banks. But that policy backfired be- 
cause the bankers took a bureaucratic 
and a legalistic approach, and now we 
are in deep trouble. 

We have been a bit too blue-eyed 
about our wartime past, ignoring the 
ted side. Many Swiss feel cornered, 
because some of those accusations are 
not easy to refute. It’s the price we are 
paying for our neutrality and a certain 
isolationism. 

Q. Senator D 'Amato has emerged 
as Switzerland's nemesis, perceived 
as a politician who is trying to curry 
favor with New York’s Jewish elec- 
torate with his broadsides against 
Swiss banks. Do you agree? 

A. His remarks may seem self- 
serving. but we should not always 
blame D’ Amato. Of course a politician 
has multiple interests, but I am sure he 
is also after the troth. Bui he bases his 
claims of Swiss wrongdoing on doc- 
uments from the wartime OSS. the 
forerunner of the CIA. I don't consider 
that serious historical evidence, and 
some of the material is taken out of 
context. The OSS employed a lot of 
dubious people and spies, some of 


whom even worked for the KGB. 

Q. Many foreigners see the Swiss 
banking establishment as a state with- 
in a stale and its acceptance of the 
search for Jewish deposits as a mere 
exercise in damage control. Last 
week. Union Bank of Switzerland 
was caught shredding some of its war- 
time archives, in violation of strict 
government directives. What does 
that say about good faith? 

A. It was the government that lifted 
the bank secrecy law for die Volcker 
commission to start its investigation. 
Since October, the banks have been 
folly cooperative because younger 
bankers in particular feel tbeir reputation 
is at stake. Accounting firms are now 
going through all of the banks' records, 
which is absolutely unprecedented. 

But that shredding incident in 
Zurich was a serious matter, and I 
immediately called UBS president 
Robert Studer. He assured me the 
shredding was not planned, thar it was 
a stupid, silly thing to do and certainly 
not symptomatic of the banks' attitude. 
With all the media attention, I don't 
think any bank wi U now take the risk of 
destroying records, because someone 
may blow the whistle. What happened 
in Zurich was Murphy's law: When 
something can go wrong, it will. 

• 

Q. Does that also apply to the re- 
marks of Economics Minister Jean- 
Pascal Detain uraz, the former pres- 
ident who said Jewish demands for 
compensation amounted to blackmail 
and ransom? 

A. Edgar Bronfman, the president 
of the World Jewish Congress, ac- 
cepted the apology of Mr. Delamuraz. 
and the dialogue with the WJC has 
been restored. It was a major setback, 
and I am happy it’s over, if not for- 
gotten. Emotions are counterproduct- 
ive. This problem can only be solved 
in an atmosphere of dignity and 
serenity. The Jewish people are en- 
titled to know the troth. 

We owe it to the victims of die 
Holocaust and to ourselves. We also 
want to know what happened, because 
our generation was not responsible. The 
Jews are not our enemies and neither are 
the Americans. But there's something 
of a culture clash here: Americans want 
quick solutions. The Swiss are metic- 
ulous and take their time. 


Givenchy Goes Back to Bread and Circuses 


By Suzy Menkes 

Inremouonat Herald Tribune ' 

P ARIS — A wannabe Icarus with giant wings 
soared high above the gilded chairs. Two male 
cupids, with gilded sandals and quivers, were perched 
cm twin pillars. A harpist plucked gently. 

. And then — pow! Pegasus hooves pounding on the 
sound track signaled the start of the first Givenchy 
collection by Alexander McQueen. The 27 -year-old 
British designer sent out on Sunday a collection of 
white drapes and gilded breastplates, inspired by an 
Olympian past but designed to hurl a fashion javelin 
into the new miUenium. 

As theater it was a dramatic moment at the spring- 
summer couture shows — what with gilded ram’s horns 
and towering hairdos, plus the raw sexiness of bared 
and gilded bosoms to. give the show a modem spin. 

Bur there is a classical reference to whaf is hap- 
pening as new young designers take over at estab- 
lishment couture houses: bread and circuses. 

"I like the long dresses — / but they are a little bit 
Galliano," said Mouna Ai-Ayoub, couture’s high 
roller, sitting in a black Chanel pantsuit in the front row 

PARIS FASHION 

lineup. It included the fashion tycoon Bernard Arnault, 
whose other British protege, John Galliano, shows his 
first Dior show on Monday. 

Although McQueen dedicated his show to the cou- 
ture workrooms, and said that he wanted to focus on 
craftsmanship, he followed the lead of Galliano, his 
design predecessor, in making a show in which the 
costume-party accessories, however inventive, dis- 
tracted from the cut and line. 

Yet those are McQueen’s strengths. He literally 
gave classics a twist, tying cutout panels at the midriff 
of a tailored pantsuit and knotting an exquisite tar- 
nished gold chiffon dress round the body. The entire 
show was played out in white and gold, which looked 
glamorous at night, when gilded leaves wound around 
simple and elegant long dresses. 

“I wanted to bring freshness and sharpness into 
couture." said McQueen. So it was puzzling that he 
offered Maria Callas eye makeup, vertiginous high 
heels and 1950s-style dresses "fitted like a glove" as 
daywear. Pantsuits with curving jackets and lightly- 
winged shoulders looked much more modem, and so 
did jumpsuits. They were a signature of Hubert de 
Givenchy, and McQueen tailored his impeccably. 

Maybe the new generation designers feel compelled 
to take couture's 1950s glory days as a jumping-off . 


point, or think that the audience would be bored seeing 
just a perfect. Unear white coat, without the accom- 
panying wheatsheaf headgear, or gold embroidered 
train. Perhaps there are even customer? out there for 
dresses made entirely of feathers, corset belts and 
bulbous blouse-sleeves that made the models look like 

drag queens. 

"It depends whether I'm thinking of my wardrobe 
or theater,” said Anne Bass, a couture' client wearing 
tweed jacket and pants. The show left the frustrating 
impression that the clothes had been drowned by 
showmanship. 

So it was left to Gianni Versace to turn down the 
fashion music: The Italian designer's glam rock days 
are over: — in spite of Elton John sitting front row next 
to Maurice Bejart, whose new ballet Versace has 
costumed. 

A Latino beat pulsated through the show, bringing a 
focus on the bosom — • all scooped bodices framed 
with frills and picture necklines, set askew with a 
rhinestone clip at die breast. 

The effect was suprisingly sedate - — not so much 
smoldering Carmencita , but rather Madonoa-E vita, as 
embroidered cardigans went over flowery dresses and 
over-ihe-knee skirts kicked out in a discreet ruffle or 
flurry of pleats. 

“I wanted everything light — so that it weighs 
nothing in a suitcase." said Versace at the after-show 
dinner in die Windsor suite at the Ritz. Partying models 
gave a close-up view of the intricate cut-and-pieced 
evening dresses in feather-light layers of filmy fabrics. 

The Lightness was the show’s strength, for Versace 
had swapped brash effect for intricate technique. He 
took the blood-red roses pattern from a Spanish shawl 
and worked them into the silk of a skinny dress. Or the 
same decoupage made abstract patterns inspired by 
Spanish artists from Miro through Picasso. 

For ail die modernity of the concept — the whis- 
pering lightness of chiffon coat over gaiety dress — the 
past cast a faint shadow. Blouses tucked into pencil 
skirts with befow-tbe-knee hemlines . — even as the 
wedding outfit — seemed 1950s retro. The linear 
dresses, never quite connecting with the body, and 
often slung from a single rhinestone strap, looked 
vaguely 1920s — give or take underpants showing 
through (yawn!) transparent fabrics. 

However modem-minded the designer, couture col- 
lections seem to be vi see rally attached to the past The 
task of Galliano at Dior and of the ready-to-wear 
designers Jean Paul Gaultier and Thierry Mugler, who 
are moving into couture this season, is to break the 
shackles of this century and make the fashion leap into 
the new millenium. 



.V t u 


juft" 


ClnMibiUoMr 

The Maria C alias-style dress is part of Al- 
exander McQueen's first Givenchy collection. 


Lack of Fuel Is Deflating Balloonist’s Quest to Circle Globe * 


The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — Steve Fosse tt is call- 
ing it quits. 

The millionaire balloonist's ground 
crew in Chicago said that his long- 
distance flight was continuing, but that 
they expected him to land early Monday 
morning in India or Bangladesh. 

"We plan to land along the east coast 
of India, south of Calcutta.” said Bruce 


Comstock, the project's technical co- 
director. 

"Although we are not sure he is go- 
ing to be able to do that. The wind may 
blow him in a different direction that 
may take him near Delhi.” 

Mr. Fossett’s support team said the ' 
balloon did not have enough fuel to 
complete the trip. Mr. Fosse tt had hoped 
to become the- first balloonist to travel 


around the world nonstop. He began his 
trip Monday in St Louis./ 

* ‘If we press on, we’re kind of snug- 
gling up against the Himalayas, which 
are so high that we actually cannot over- 
fly them." Mr. Comstock said. “We 
certainly don't want to land in the Hi- 
malayas or on the Tibetan Plateau, 
which is about 15.000 feet (4500‘ me- 
ters) above sea level." 


The area in India where Mr. Fossett 
could land is thickly populated, and he 
should be prepared for a noisy reception 
if and when he lands. 

“If It is an emergency, we will give 
all help and he is most welcome.” said 
Sudip Kumar Dutta, a civil aviation 
official in Calcutta. But he noted that 
“no official information” had been re- 
ceived about a landing. 


TIETMEYER: Europe MustJlq Wore Realistic, ’ Banker Says’ 








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Understanding comes with TIME, 


Continued from Page 1 

tern,’' he said, "is not oriented enough 
,to flexibility. Secondly, in a lot of areas 
our labor relations are too rigid, either 
due to laws or to the conservative in- 
terpretation of labor laws by courts. A 
big problem is our system of collective 
wage negotiations. In the past, in the 
1950s and 1960s. this was positive, an 
advantage. But today ir is a burden 
because industries, and company by 
company, are different and need to be 
flexible.” 

The Bundesbank president also 
stressed the need for European society 
to accept variations in income levels, as 
is the case in the United States. The idea 
of high wages for everyone and re- 
sistance to a more steeply varied wage 
scale, he noted, "has deep roots, even to 
the French Revolution." But the cost of 
keeping wages high even for unskilled 
workers in Europe "means that some 
unskilled people are not getting an op- 
portunity to get a job.” 

Behind this, he added, is a sociolo- 
gical problem. 

"In the United States or elsewhere it 
is nor seen as Inappropriate to serve 
another person, and the service sectors 
have helped growth in the United 
States," he said. “Here it is seen as 
humiliating to work in die service in- 
dustries. Pteople would rather work in a 
large firm than offer their own services. 
A window cleaner feels better about 
working for a window-cleaning com- 
pany rather than being a window cleaner 
on his own.” 

The result, Mr. Tietmeyer said, “is 
that there are not enough incentives to 
work. We have a lot of disincentives to 
work in our social security system. It 
staits with unemployment benefits and 
goes to social assistance.” The answer, 
he concluded, “is to reduce disincent- 


ives to work, restructuring the tax sys- 
tem by moving from direct to indirect 
taxes and then by reducing tax levels 
generally.” • 

Europe has not only been too slow to 
react to the process of globalization, he 
said, but it has also been slow to realize 
that global investment flows to the most 
competitive location. 

"In the past, competition was in 
goods and services, but today it is in the 
location for attracting investment be- 
cause investment today- can be any- 
where,” he said. 

What this means for Europe’s welfare 
state, Mr. Tietmeyer said, is that it is 
faced with worldwide competition. 1 

“I am not saying the welfare state has 
no future, but that we must be com- 
petitive in the end,”; he said- "Each 
country, therefore, can onlyafford as 
much of a welfare state as it is able to 
finance without harming its compet- 
itiveness. And that is very difficult for 
people to understand. A new thinking is 
necessary . A lot of people think it is. the 
end of our way of life. That’s not my 
point. My message is that we must be 
more realistic.” 

"The new realism.” he added, “is 
starting in Europe, on wages, on labor 
costs, on social security and on reducing 
budget deficits." 

Monetary union, the Bundesbank 
chief said, "is no panacea” for 
Europe’s ills.- 

But if the launch of the single currency 
is accompanied by structural reforms, 
then die euro can play a positive role, he 
said. “I think there is a chance of having a 
more stable relationship with the dollar 
and die yen," hie said. "An internally 
stable euro could produce more of a coun- 
terbalance. If it is unstable, that could 
create political tensions and there wdl be a 
temptation to seek a scapegoat among 
central banks." 


Mr. Tietmeyer also implied that’the 
' future European central bank should be 
independent and free of political in- 
terference. This put him at odds with 
President Jacques Chirac and other 
politicians in France. At the Dublin 
summit meeting of European Union 
leaders in December. Mr. Chirac argued 
for political influence over a future cen- - 
tral bank. ^ 

When asked to comment on the 
French position. Mr. Tietmeyer cited’ a 
recent statement by Karl-Otto Poehl, the 
former Bundesbank head, who said that 
an independent central bank was a cru- 
cial element of a single currency. "I 
found that statement very interesting, 
arid I think it is necessary to clarify this 
issue," Mr. Tietmeyer said. 

When it is time for politicians, to 
decide bow many countries will qualify 
for the single currency, Mr. Tiecmeyer 
said,, “the treaty is the treaty, and if 
politicians stick to that, then we will 
have to select the countries in a re- 
strictive way.” • 

But, be added, “Today it isnot just a 
question of reaching a ratio in which the 
deficit equals 3.0 percent of gross do- 
mestic product, but also of sustainab^ 
ility, of those nations that have a sta- 
bility' culture. The question of 
sustainability is foe crucial one.' ' 

Commenting on the state of the Ger- 
man economy, Mr. Tietmeyer forecast 
1997 growth of between 2.0 and 2 J 
percent while noting that .cold whiter 
weather might hold back recovery in the , 
first quarter of the year. “I foifik we arejp- 
on foe way to recovery,” he said, "but 
we don’t have enough of a self-sup- 
porting economic recovery yet.” 

TOMORROW: Wim Duisetiberg. 

president tif the Dutch central bantz tmd 
next chief of the European Monetary 
Institute. 


AUSTRIA: Exiting, Chancellor Regrets Minimizing Far Rightists 


Continued from Page 1 

ing over a fractious coalition with the 
conservative People’s Party. 

"1 thought that after so many years it 
would be a wise decision to transfer 
responsibility to younger people in foe 
party,” he said. 

“It was important to me to hand over 
my job at a time when the country is not 
burdened by a political crisis and we are 
moving in a very positive direction in 
terms of Europe,” he added. 

Recently, voters have expressed 
growing disenchantment with foe gov- 
erning alliance headed by Mr. Vran- 
itzfcy that links the two parties that have 
dominated Austria in the postwar era. 
Mr. Haider has capitalized on the 
spreading discontent with the two lead- 
ing parties, which have quarreled al- 
most constantly while sharing power 
since 1994. 

The latest dispute that- nearly brought 
down the government involved the sale 
of the state’s controlling stake in the 
bank Creditanstalt-Bankverein to the 
rival Bank Austria. 


The People's Party was staunchly op- 
posed to the sale but backed down at the 
last minute. The deal was masterminded 
by Mr. Ktima, whose political fortunes 
rose to the point where he became con- 
firmed as lw. Vramtzky’s heir. 

In a recent interview, Mr. Vranitzky 
said he had been saddened and per- 
plexed that his countrymen did not seem 
to realize that Mr. Haider was a racist 
hate-monger who .could offer no easy 
solutions to such modem-day diffi- 
culties as coping with tire forces of a ' 
global economy and the limitations of 
the welfare state. 

Even though the 8 million Austrians 
enjoy some of Europe's highest living 
standards, the country's position as a 
crossroads between eastern and western 
Europe has contributed to a sense of 
vulnerability to unchecked immigration 
and ethnic hostilities from neighboring 
countries. 

- The chancellor said he had ho plans for 
any other political posts, such as the 
ceremonial presidency of Austria or ah 
international position with the European 
Commission or the United Nations. He 


insisted that he had stepped down not 
because of his party’s troubles but supply 
because it was foe right time to do so. 

"I have to tell you it is not easy to 
leave/ ’ he said before he was driven off 
in a limousine. “2 have done my joB. 
I’ve given my all.” 

Egypt Panel Condemns 
Four Islamic Militants 

Agence France-Presu 

CAIRO — Four Islamic militan ts 
convicted of killing three police officers 
and injuring eight Austrian tourists in M 
attacks in 1993 and 1994 were sen- ~ 
tenced to death Sunday, the Egyptian 
news agency MENA reported. 

The military court also hanrfgd down 


ranging' 

from one year m prison to hard labor for 
ure/Two defendants weife acquitted. * " 
Prosecutors ted called fra - the 
sentence against all the defendants, wbqtn 

sard belonged to foe Jaznaa Islam- 
tyya, an armed Islamic militant group. 


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PAGE 7 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Dissenters on NATO Growth Becoming focal 


r — — 

W3ih opposition to NATf> 

SSSsssS 

^cmd Climon administration. Some 
JJ5? ^ ^dentBin CUnton, freed 
of necessity of facing the electorate 

“ f ^ d 11 a wider, slower pro- 
granfor European stability. ^ 

> '^ ule discussions in the alliance have 

rffl ^?5 e £ ns for more 

years._ the debate is gaining visibility in 
Wash^gton because, Wonting* to 
sbategists on both sides of the issue, the 
ajtotu^on intends, to press Moscow 
lor a broad preliminary deal on Eucro- 
p«an security, including enlargement, in 
the next few months. 

President Boris Yeltsin is due to visit 
Washington m March or April, but “it 
™ be very hard to have him here before 
flus thing is settled,” according to a 
State Department official 
“You’re going to see a lot of activity 
starting now, especially with Con- 
gress, said Deputy Secretary of State 
Strobe Talbot, a leading and confident- 
sounding advocate of enlargement 


The administration —and other pro- 
pob^hts of enlargement — have delib- 
crately confined the issue to diplomatic 
diannels and avoided domestic discus- 
®^tsaid Robert Zoellick, who served in 
the Bush administration, because both 
presidential candidates supported ex- 
pansion. Mr. Zoellick and Mr. Talbot 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


3aid that die administration — and Re- 
publicans — plan to press fee case for 
enlargement in time to build momentum 
before a NATO s ummit nwnting in July. 

But dissent has mounted, too, since 
Mr- Clinton announced fee enlargement 
initiative in Poland in January 1995. 

Last month, signs of a new mood 
' emerging in fee United States gained 
sudden mxeroariooal prominence when a 
debate at fee Council of Foreign Re- 
lations. a prestigious private body gen- 
erally considered a bastion of The U.S. 
diplomatic showed strong 

skepticism about expanding fee aHi«nr*> 

In feedebate, Michael M andelha mn, a 
prominent liberal scholar, won applause 
by arguing that Washington had no cred- 
ible reasons for enlargement and that U.S. 
motives — such as finding a new role for 
NATO after the Cold War — did not 
adequately address European security. 


How, he asked, can NATO solve ethnic 
conflicts in Easton Europe when it has 
beat unable to find a solution in Cyprus 
even though bo* Greece and Turkey are 
alliance members? 

Critics contend that twinging Central 
European armies up to NATO standards 
could divert funds from economic de- 
velopment and even create more dan- 
gerous volatility. Cost estimates, which 
range from $40 billion to $100 billion, 
have not been publicly debated. 

Brent Sco worrit a former national 
security adviser, said enlargement lost its 
initial sense of urgency over fee last two 
years as stability prevailed in Central 
Europe and the Russian military machine 
showed its impotence in Chechnya. 

Even so. NATO appears to be the 
focus of Central European nations' 
hopes for stability, especially as pros- 
pects seem to constantly recede for early 
membership in fee European Union. So 
Mr. Scrowcroft, who initially favored a 
unilateral NATO security guarantee for 
Central European countries without tak- 
ing them into the alliance, said, “It 
would be damagin giy wrong to falter.** 

For opponents of enlargement, Rus- 
sia’s weakness has become the major 
argument for a policy pullback. 

Such critics as former Senator Sam 
Nunn. Democrat of Georgia, warn that 


Moscow could feel sufficiently 
threatened to try to intimidate the Baltic 
states, perhaps even Ukraine, into 
providing a new buffer for Russia. 

Others, including many former dip- 
lomats who worked in Moscow or satel- 
lite capitals during the Cold War, con- 
tend that expansion will strengthen 
hawks in Russia whereas a bold policy 
reversal would strengthen Mr. Yeltsin's 
argument that Russia can afford demo- 
cracy because the West is a friend. 

Triis group “is akin to the nuclear- 
freeze movement." a former U.S. am- 
bassador said, referring to the !980s 
campaign to halt preparations for nu- 
clear war. 

Holdouts in the Senate could prevent 
the White House from getting fee votes 
— 67 out of 100 — needed to ratify 
enlargement. Such an outcome, noted 
Charles Kupchan, a National Security 
Council official in fee first Clinton ad- 
ministration, would send a signal to 
Europe feat a president could not count 
on congressional approval for military 
intervention in Europe. 

But Mr. Talbott and Mr. Zoellick said 
Mr. Clinton could probably win when 
the question goes before the Senate, 
probably in 2000. Public opinion con- 
sistently supports enlargement, as do 
leaders of both parties. 


Bomb Kills 21 HEBRON: Arafat Enters a ‘Liberated City’ and Talks ofP, 


eace 


In Algiers, 
And 36 Die 
In a Massacre 


Continued from Page 1 


Oi.ti; 


The Associated Press 

ALGIERS — A car bomb ejroloded 
Sunday outside a downtown cafe here, 
killing at least 21 people and wounding 
dozens of others. The blast followed a 
massacre of 36 villagers in a town sooth 
of the capital over the weekend. 

3 Witnesses said the bomb exploded in 
front of a cafe next to a movie theater in 
fee popular Belcourt quarter, while res- 
idents were breaking their daily fast for 
fee Muslim holy month of Ramadan. . 

Hospitals receiving victims said at 
least 21 people were dead and more than 
60 were wounded, many of them se- 
riously. 

A second explosion was reported 
near Reghaia, 32 kilometers (20 miles) 
east of Algiers, residents said. There 
were reports of injuries, but no details. 
The violence was fee latest to hit this 


who have lived in rancor 
among 130,000 Arabs. 

“I tell fee settlers in 
Hebron feat we dp not want 
any confrontation, 1 ’ he said. 

' Referring to an unusual 
meeting late last year with 
maverick settler representa- 
tives, lie added: “1 do not 
forget those of you who came 
to meet me in Bethlehem in 
order to say that they are wife 
a just peace. I say to them that 
we are wife just peace, too.” 

A sampling of spectators, 
among tens of thousands, 
took ihe cue. 

“Tbe Palestinians have 
been on other roads, but fee 
only road fear will lead us to 
our goalis peace,*' saidKhal- 
doon Yasser Amr. 20. a Pal- 
estinian policeman from tire 
Fawwar Refugee Camp near 
here, a weU-known recruiting 
ground for the Islamic Re- 
sistance - Movement, or 
Hamas. 


Mr. Arafat last set foot in 
Hebron in 1965. then organ- 
izing guerrilla combat by his 
Fatah movement against Is- 
rael As he has done m each of 
the newly self-ruled cities of 
the West Bank, Mr. Arafat 
spoke of the political tran- 
sition as a stepping stone to- 
ward a sovereign state noth 
East Jerusalem as its capital. 

“The promise is tbe prom- 
ise!” he shouted, with little 
more titan his head viable 
through a tight knot of body- 
guards around tbe micro- 
phone. “The oath is the oath! 
We will proceed until Jeru- 
salem! 

“Yes, we will proceed un- 
til we establish fee independ- 
ent state!” 

Fra the moment at least, fee 
festival crowd was ora in- 
clined to talk about its doubts 
about the agreement or about 
Mr. Arafat's form of author- 
itarian rule. 

“I’m happy!” sang out 
Sadika Farafta, 50, who 


traveled here from a nearby 
village. Tarkumyeb, to see 
Mr. Arafat fra the first time in 
her life. “This is what we 
want. Could we want any- 
thing better than thiy day? 
We’ve been waiting a life- 
time, and you think our hap- 
piness would be something 
mEd?” 

Scone of celebration had a 
distinctly entrepreneurial 
quality. The largest banner of 
welcome for Mr. Arafat, 
draped in iridescent color 
across the ramparts of the 
military headquarters, came 
from the proprietors of tbe 
Intifada Driving School. 

Nor was the day entirely 
pleasant From time to time, 
some unlucky Palestinian 
could be seen being dragged 
away and beaten wife riot 
sticks, infraction unknown, 
by Palestinian policemen. 

There seemed to be far 
more policemen on hand than 
the 400 permitted by the new 
Israeli -Palestinian agreement. 


not even counting the many 
more believed to be present in 
plainclothes. Many were also 
seen carrying weapons not al- 
lotted in the agreement’s care- 
ful inventory of 200 pistols 
and 100 rifles. 

Israel's government com- 
plained Sunday about the 
presence of contraband 
weapons, and also about a 
speech Saturday by the Pal- 
estinian security chief, Jibril 
Rajoub, who accused the 
Jewish settlers of fomenting 
"hate and violence and ter- 


ror. 


He added. "They are great 
stones on our chest, and we 
have to lake them off.” 

Noam Amon. spokesman 
for fee Hebron settlers, de- 
scribed Mr. Arafat’s arrival 
as "a day of victory for ter- 
ror.” but the settlers took no 
steps to disrupt the visit 
"To bring this murderer 
into the city, this is a shame, 
this is a crime, this is a dis- 
aster,” Mr. Amon said. 



lliiu- Suipntn/ IrjKi- 1 V-r 

A Japanese hostage walking within tbe compound grounds Sunday. 


Peru and Rebels Nearing Talks 


Reuters 

LIMA — The go-ahead for peace 
talks between Peru and Marxist rebels 
bolding 73 captives hinged Sunday on 
whether the government would agree 
to discuss the rebels’ demand for the 
release of jailed comrades. 

Both sides have said they were 
ready to meet face-to-face, but the 
Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Move- 
ment said Saturday feat Lima was 
blocking negotiations by refusing to 
consider its main demand. 


"There is no possibility of starting 
conversations, because in practice 


they are asking us beforehand to drop 
our request, which signifies a formal 
call to surrender which we will never 
accept,” a spokesman for fee rebel 


group said Saturday via two-way ra- 
dio from within the besieged Japanese 
ambassador’s residence. 

Within a framework of discussing 
all issues, including fee main demand 
to free some 400 jailed rebels, the 
spokesman said, “we are ready to 
converse as we were willing to since 
we occupied this diplomatic site.” 
The spokesman was assumed to be fee 
rebel leader Nestor Ccrpa CartoJini. 

In a five-point communique that 
showed fee two sides edging toward 
the talks, fee Tupac Amaru accepted 
the government’s proposal to allow 
Anthony Vincent, a former hostage 
and fee Canadian ambassador to Peru, 
on a “guarantor’ ’ commission over- 
seeing the talks. 


North African country wracked by a 
five-year Islamic insurgency that has 
claimed at least 60$00 Jives. _ ■ : 

In Beni^Slimane, a’ village 7D kilo- 
meters south of Algiers, an armed group 
killed 36 people in bloodshed feat lasted 
hours, fee security forces said.' The of- 
ficial APS news agency said some oif fee 
victims were decapitated. It was not 
dear whether fee massacre was late 
Saturday or early Sunday. 

No one took responsibility for either 
attack, but the security forces blamed 
J fee massacre in Bcni-Slimaoe on a 
"group of terrorists,” the term the an- 
feorities use to describe the Muslim 
rebels. 

On Thursday, a bomb killed. 14 
people and wounded more than 100 
othere in a crowded car marker in Bou- 
farik, 30 kilometers south of Algiers. 
Twenty more people werelrilled 12 days 
ago in two car bomb attacks in Algiers 
and fee eastern town of Ain-Fakroun. 

The insurgency began in January 
1992, when fee army-backed govern- 
ment canceled legislative elections that 
candidates of the Islamic Salvation 
Front were poised to win. 

Over the weekend, xneanwhDe, die 
gove rnment announced that it would 
hold legislative elections in fee axing, 
the first since fee canceled 1992 par- 
liamentary vote sparked fee insurgency. 

The first roonaof the elections wffl.be 
held May 29, wife fee fetal round set fra 
June 5, government officials said Sat- 
urday. 

Local municipal elections will follow 
in fee second half of tbe year, fee of- 
ficials said. Until Saturday, fee gov- 
ernment had said only that elections for 
vfee 380-seat Parliament would be held 

the first half of the year. 

The National Transition Council, a 
parliamentary body, will meet Saturday 
to lay fee groundwork for die elections 
and examine how recent constitutional 
changes will affect fee balloting. 

A new constitution banned political 
parties based on religion. It also in- 
creased presidential powers byaddinga 
second house of Parliament, one-third 
of whose 144 membexs are to be piclaxl 
by the president, assuring automatic 
veto power. 

In the months leading np to the par- 
liamentary elections, fee gover nmen t 
will tighten security m hopes of averting 
more bloodshed, the officials said. 

They said President Lamms Zerou- 
al’s government hoped to reduce vi- 
olence to “a manageable level” but aid 
not elaborate. 


POETRY: 

Lyricist at Work 

Continued from Page 1 


CLINTON: President WillHave a Tough Job Escaping Perils of ‘Second-Term Disease’ 


Continued from Page 1 


swine risk of. populist versifying. Oscar 
Wilde sneered. “All bad poetry springs 
from genuine feeling- ” 

’ That humble attentiveness as a throng 
is presented wife a poem leaves some 
poets bemused. “There is a view feat 
poetry should improve your life,” John 
Ashbery once noted. “I think people 
confuse it wife the Salvation Ajrmy.” 
Others are iiriamused. "Anyone who 
regards poetry as an entertainment, as a 
‘read.’ commits an anthropological 
crime, in the first place, against him- 
self,” warned Joseph Brodsky, who 
revered poetry as "amply talking back 
to fee language itself.” 

MilW W illi arp s, an amiable man who 
admitted to turning to a glass of bourbon 
in advance of his muse die other night, 
sounds awed ty the jrrospect of trying to 
engage a vast political audience wife 
what Marianne Moore termed “the 
primal necessity ” of poetry. - 

“When I’m feeling grand, I tell my- 
self 1 want to read a poem worthy of tbe 

American people,’ 7 said fee 66-year-old 
poet. “And when I’m myself, I say: 
God, just don't let me embarrass my 
friends.” He knew tire Clintons casually 
20 years ago when they taught law at the 
University of Arkansas, where he dir- 
ects the university’s publishing house. 

Tbe poet promises the poem will be 
short, 38 to 40 lines. “It’s about the 
American idea,’ ’ he said recently.' ‘Tm 
still fuming my words over. I don't want 
to rattle that box too much.” 

Hardly as well known as Ms. An- 
gelou,Mr. Williams is aware of fee fresh 
celebrity and sales that her reading gen- 
erated four years ago. “I would wel- 
come it, of course.” he said. "I don't 
write poems to keep them secret.”' 

His work uses plain-sounding lan- 
guage in dramatic monologues and nar- 
ratives, often wife quirky themes and 
titles. “Raising a Glass to a Passing of 


for foreign policy turns ham-handed. Mr. 
Eisenhower was elected in part because 
of the unpopularity of the Korean War 
and promptly found a way to end iL But 
his second term closed with fee em- 
barrassment of the U-2 spy plane incident 
and a chill in U.S.-Soviet relations. 

Sometimes it is tbe economy that goes 
wrong. The unpopularity of the Korean 
conflict and fee Vietnam War under- 
mined Mr. Truman’s and Mr. Johnson’s 
popularity. But both men also paid a 
price for the inflation that was triggered 
by fee costs of those commitments. 

The most frequent of the second-tarn 
problems is fee growth of scandals. Wa- 
tergate is only the most headlined on a list 
feat begins with Hairy Vangjm and the 
Deep Freeze story in Mr. Truman's time, 
Sherman Adams and fee vicuna coat in 
Mr. Eisenhower’s and concludes, for 
now, wife Mr. Reagan's Iran-contra af- 
fair. Mr. Clinton's Whitewater and cam- 
paign finance stories may add to fee list 

whatever the particular symptom of 
second-term disease, the effect is usually 
detrimental to the president’s party. Re- 
publicans capitalized on tbe circum- 
stances surrounding Mr. Truman's and 
Mr. Johnson's final years; Democrats on 
fee events that concluded Mr. Eisen- 
hower’s and Mr. Nixon's tenure. Of the 
five who preceded Mr. Clinton in taking 
the oath a second time, only Mr. Reagan 
enjoyed the experience of seeing a suc- 
cessor of his own party sworn in. 


On the face of it, Mr. Clinton's situ- 
ation is quite different from those of fee 
other Democrats in this group. 

■ In 1948 and 1 964, Mr. Truman and Mr. 
Johnson were running for the presidency 
for the first time. Both achieved tre- 
mendous momentum from their election 
victories — Mr. Truman because he up- 
set fee odds when he defeated Thomas E. 
Dewey and Mr. Johnson because he won 
a huge landslide over Barry Goldwater. 

Both began what would turn out to be 
their final terms wife friendly majorities 
in Congress, where both of them had 
plentiful allies from their own service on 
Capitol Hill. And yet things turned 
against them with remarkable speed. 

Only four months after reveling in the 
praise that greeted his inaugural address. 
Mr. Truman was rocked by the suicide of 
James Forrestal, who had been his sec- 
retary of defense. Soon China fell to the 
Communists, the Soviets tested their 
first atomic bomb and the Cold War and 
tbe McCarthyite search for domestic 
conspirators intensified. 

In 1950. fighting broke out in Korea. 
U.S. troops were committed and fee 
unpopular war contributed to midienn 
election losses to fee Republicans. In 
1951, after the challenge to presidential 
authority that led to Mr. Truman’s dis- 
missal of General Douglas MacArthur, 
the president’s approval rating fell to an 
all-tune low of 26 percent and there was 
talk of impeachment 
In 1952, with stalemate in Korea, fresh 
scandals in the Internal Revenue Service 


and other agencies and a defeat at the 
hands of Senator Estes Kefauver in the 
New Hampshire Democratic primary, 
Mr. Truman announced March 29 that he 
would step down at the end of his term. 
The Republicans swept the election. 

For Mr. Johnson, the turnabout was 
even more abrupt and total. The 1965 
session of Congress — with Democratic 
majorities of more than 2-to- 1 created by 
his electoral landslide — saw Mr. John- 
son sign a raft of historic legislation: 
Medicare; the Voting Rights Act; fed- 
eral aid to public education, and land- 
mark immigration, housing, aits, envi- 
ronmental, auto safety and parks bills. 

But 1965 and 1966 also marked a 
continued escalation of fighting in Vi- 
etnam and tbe first signs of an inflation 
that was to gain dangerous momentum. 

The midterm elections brought huge 
Republican gains. The next year there 
were growing demonstrations against 
fee war. In March 1968, after an un- 
expectedly strong showing by Eugene 
McCarthy in the New Hampshire Demo- 
cratic primary, Mr. Johnson announced 
that be was retiring. That November, Mr. 
Nixon won the presidency. 

Mr. Nixon and Mr. Eisenhower may 
provide closer parallels for Mr. Clinton 
than either of fee two Democrats. Neither 
of fee Republicans provided coattails for 
their party’s congressional candidates in 
their re-election campaigns, and both of 
them faced a Congress controlled by the 
opposition party. 

That became a critically important 


factor for Mr. Nixon. Tbe Watergate 
break-in occurred almost five months 
before Election Day 1972. but Ihe White 
House was able to deflect the accu- 
mulating evidence of serious wrongdo- 
ing during fee campaign. 

But once Mr. Nixon’s second inaug- 
uration was past. Democrats in control 
of congressional investigating commit- 
tees began applying heat to a president 
whose campaign tactics they deeply re- 
sented. Nineteen months into his second 
term. Mr. Nixon was forced to resign. 

During the 1996 campaign, wife an 
independent counsel busily gathering in- 
formation on Whitewater, the dismissal 
of fee White House travel office aides 
and the presence of 900 FBI files in the 
White House, a new trail of revelations 
about illegal contributions to the Demo- 
cratic campaign and presidential favors 
to big givers began to unroll. 

The Cold War is over, but Mr. Clinton 
faces challenges, some of them similar to 
those that bedeviled Mr. Eisenhower; Fi- 
del Castro still runs Cuba, a thorn in tbe 
side of U.S. relations wife its allies; fee 
Middle East presents a major headache 
and threats to American interests; Con- 
gress and the public are hostile to in- 
volvement in international affairs. 

Tbe great advantage Mr. Clinton may 
enjoy over Mr. Eisenhower is that the 
economy has rarely looked stronger than 
it does now. After fee inaugural glow has 
faded. Mr. Clinton can only hope he has 
better luck in his second term than those 
who went before him. 


GORE: Preparing for the 2000 Vote, but Quietly 


Continued from Page 1 


Wife fee Limitations of Ait” begins, 
“Oh Laurel, oh Hardy, oh Spanky, Hal 
Roach is dead." 

Can fee inaugural crowd muster ap- 
preciation for fee poet’s work, or must 
politeness suffice? “I certainly don’t 
expect anyone to take their hands out of 
theirpockets ro applaud,” he said. "Not 

in that temperature.” 


Republicans List Their Price 


• The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Republican co- 
operation on Democratic issuesbinges on 
how the U.S. adminrsnacoo handles fee 
debate on a balanced budget amendment, • 
the Senate majority leader said Sunday - 
The Treasury secretary’s opposition to 
a constitutional amendment. Senator 

Trem Lott said, was “hysterical.” He was 

referring to Treasmy Secretary Robert 
Rubin’s warning Friday feat a balanced 
budget araendmem could have dire con ^ 

sequences duringecononric downturns. 
The departing White House chief of 


staff. Leon Panetta, quickly fired back 
feat Mr. Lott should wodt wife President 
Bill Clinton on a real balanced budget 
agreement rather than needlessly trying 
jo change fee Constitution. 

A constitutional amendment requir- 
ing a balanced budget will be amongfee 
first orders of business in fee new Con- 
- and is certain to be a first test of 


both rides. The House approved a bal- 
anced budget amendment in 1995. but 
Senate supporters failed m two tries to 
get fee required two-thirds majority. 


Mr. Gore is also a kind of hostage to Mr. Clin- 
ton’s frailties, including his legal problems. Should 
fee Paula Jones sexual harassment case or fee 
Whitewater affair or some other scandal blow up in 
fee president’s face in fee months ahead, Mr. Gore 
will have to decide, as one of his friends said, 
“whether be can afford to be a bit less vigorous in 
his support or whether that would look disloyal." 

He also has his own problems. In last year's 
campai gn, he got caught up in fee dispute sur- 
rounding fund-raising for fee Democratic ticket, 
holding what proved to be an illegal, if unin- 
tentioaafly comical, fund-raiser in a Buddhist 
temple among nuns who had taken vows of 
poverty. 

Like Mr. Clinton, he sometimes seems excess- 
ively technocratic, lacking political passion. And 
be has not entirely shaken his reputation as a rather 
wooden, humorless campaigner. 

In an interview at fee White House last week, 
Mr. Gore said he would keep his plans for 2000 
under wraps until well after fee 1998 congressional 
elections. 

“Ihe country doesn’t want these campaigns to 
start as early as they do.” he said. ‘ Tmnot going to 
change my outlook or way of drinking. Any cam- 
paign associated wife me is going to be a lot like my 
Macareoa — no visible movement but some people 
may think they know what I’m doing anyway. 

Mr. Gore said he intended to pursue fee same 
interests in his second term that have occupied him 
in his first term, like the environment, the re- 
organization of the federal government and foreign 
policy, especially U.S. relations wife Russia, 
China, Egypt and South Africa. 

At fee cabinet retreat a week ago, Mr. Gore 


added, fee president asked him to speak and he 
spent his entire lime on "reinventing govern- 
ment.” 

Presumably, those sorts of issues would play an 
important part in a Gore campaign for fee pres- 
idency. But fee campaign to shrink and restructure 
fee government has met with only limited success . 
wife fee Internal Revenue Service, for example, 
still considered a big problem, even by Mr. Gore. 

"We’re ahead of schedule, but we still have a 
long way to go,’ ’ fee vice president said. * Tm very 
pleased wife the progress that has been made. But 
we have not yet crossed fee threshold beyond 
which fee American people generally say. ‘Yeah, I 
see a big change.’ ” 

Much of his work has lacked political glamour. 

"Among Gore’s responsibilities are a lot of 
things like trying to clean up the fissionable ma- 
terials in Kazakstan,” said Martin Peretz, the editor 
in chief of The New Republic, who is a close 
friend. 

“They could be crucial to our children and 
grandchildren, but they don't matter a lot to most of 
fee voters of today.” 

What he can do in planning and policy terms in 
fee vice presidency is largely dependent on Mr. 
Clinton, m that sense, too, Mr. Gore is not entirely 
captain of his own fate. 

Few of those around him expect him to win the 
nomination in a walkover, no matter how well he 
performs his duties, how popular Mr. Clinton is 
three years from now or how strong Mr. Gore looks 
going into 2000. 

Indeed, only four of fee nation’s 45 vice pres- 
idents were elected to the presidency at the end of 
their vice-presidential terms; John Adams in 1796, 
Thomas Jefferson in 1800, Martin Van Buren in 
1836 and George Bush in 1988. 


Tuesday 


STYLE 


From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 


Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 


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MONDAY JANUARY 20, 1997 

EDITORIALS/OPINION 


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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Now the Second Term 


Israelis From Below, Arabs From the Top Down 


President Bill Clinton begins his 
second term today. It is hard to an- 
ticipate how it will go. The striking 
thing about the first term istheextenr to 
which the major accomplishments 
wen: political rather than substantive. 

Winning the Democratic nomina- 
tion in 1 992. moving the party a couple 
of clicks to the center and taking back 
the executive branch from the Repub- 
licans was an obvious triumph; so was 
the skillful way in which the president 
reconstructed his fortunes and came 
back to win re-election after whar 
seemed to be the repudiation of both 
him and his party in 1 994. He achieved 
that recovery in part by using the Re- 
publican agenda as a foil, branding it as 
extreme and deflecting its harshest ele- 
ments even while embracing much of 
the rest. For the deflections, even the 
Republicans ought to give thanks. 

What will drive the administration 
now that there is not another election 
ahead? That is the question to which 
the past is so uncertain a guide. What 
will Bill Clinton seek to achieve, what 
legacy to leave? 

His first year in office was mainly 
given over to governmental repairs. It 
■ was left to him to mop up after the 
Reagan and Bush administrations. He 
forced through a balky Congress a 
badly needed bill to reduce the in- 
herited deficit, restore the tax code's 
progressive edge and increase aid to 
the poor. The second year went up in 
the flames of a deeply flawed health 
care reform. The thiru and fourth were 
given over mainly to tactical defense. 
The largest legislative “accomplish- 
ment' ' was in fact a sellout of the poor 
for political purposes under the false 
flag of welfare reform. 

Now the president comes to the do- 
mestic table with: an unconvincing pro- 
posal to balance the budget — it won't 
solve the long-term problem; a major 
increase in aid to higher education, 
which seems to us and afl manner of 
others to be poorly thought through; 
and a long list of lesser proposals more 
decorative than anything else. 

You could argue that there is no 
need for more; the country is relatively 
well off and well positioned in the 
world just now. But in fact the country, 
as the president himself has observed 
on occasion, faces some serious struc- 
tural problems that sooner or later will 
have to be addressed by some pres- 
ident. Why not this one now? 


The present level of federal aid to 
die elderly, mainly through Social Se- 
curity, Medicare and Medicaid, prob- 
ably cannot be sustained as the baby 
boomers begin to retire not that many 
years from now. The not- so- Jong- terra 
budget problem that the country faces 
is basically how to pay for or cut the 
cost of this aid without at the same time 
destroying the progress that has been 
made in reducing the poverty rate 
among the elderly. 

The health care system is likewise 
defective in ways that the president 
pointed out in 1993 and 1994; die cost is 
enormous, yet at any given time a sev- 
enth of the population is uninsured. 

There are other ways in which the 
economy also does not work as well as 
it should for people at the lower end of 
the income scale. The system of cam- 
paign finance on which, in a sense, the 
entire political system rests is both 
corruptive and out of control, as the 
president's own last campaign so flam- 
boyantly attests. 

In his first term President Clinton 
was slow to find his foreign policy 
way; and in Bosnia, Haiti and Somalia 
a price was paid, although in the first 
two places he recouped. He and his 
team were not always sure-handed. 
Nonetheless, although he never got a 
good bead on China, he kept a focus on 
democratic reform in Russia, moved 
cautiously toward new security ar- 
rangements in Europe and plugged for 
nuclear proliferation controls. 

Late good breaks, partly due to 
American persistence, in Korea and the 
Mideast leave him poised for major 
second-term advances. Neither the 
public nor Congress nor the Repub- 
licans are insisting with any vigor on an 
approach much different from his own. 
The earlier demand for a distinctive 
and comprehensive post-Cold War 
“vision" has yielded to a simple de- 
sire. reasonable in the circumstances, 
for good sense in dealing with global 
change and for a proper respect for 
American values and interests, too. 

The broad question is to what extent 
Mr. Clinton, freed of the baggage of 
having to run again for office, will 
summon the country to confront the 
harder, fundamental issues, whether at 
home or abroad. Thai is the standard — 
one of them, anyway — against which 
to judge the no doubt fine inaugural 
remarks today and what comes after. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Pretoria Disappoints 


The usually warm relations between 
the United States and Nelson Mandela's 
South African government were 
troubled last week by news of a pro- 
spective aims deal between South 
Africa and Syria. Washington put Pre- 
toria on notice that the transfer to Syria 
of a sophisticated system for accurately 
directing tank fire might force the sus- 
pension of American aid to South 
Africa, which this year amounts to $82 
million. President Mandela responded 
icily that his country would make its 
own decisions in these matters. 

Pretoria’s agreement to let the par- 
tially state-owned company Denel ex- 
plore the Syrian deal is regrettable. But 
talk of denying aid is premature. More 
nuanced diplomacy and some common 
sense should be able to prevent the 
arms sale without damaging relations 
with South Africa. 

Washington considers Syria to be a 
terrorist state. Under U.S. law, countries 
selling lethal arms to Syria or other 
countries that sponsor terrorism forfeit 
their own eligibility to receive many 
categories of American assistance. Even 
when a potential arms seller receives no 
US. aid as is the case with some Euro- 
pean arms -exporting countries, Wash- 
ington has usually tried hard to dis- 
courage deals with terrorist stales. 


Selling Syria this technology would 
upset the present military balance be- 
tween Israel and Syria. Israel now has 
the tank system, while Syria does not 
Ironically, Denel developed the system 
in a technology-sharing deal between 
Israel and South Africa’s former 
apartheid regime. 

South Africa's aims export industry 
is one of its more valuable economic 
inheritances from that old regime, 
providing jobs and much needed for- 
eign exchange. But. as the present case 
shows, it can be a diplomatic and polit- 
ical liability. President Mandela has 
imposed some useful restraints on 
arms deals. These guidelines ought to 
have excluded even exploratory deal- 
ings with Syria. But pressures from the 
arms industry and some elements of 
the governing African National Con- 
gress reportedly outweighed Foreign 
Ministry objections. 

Several further stages of official re- 
view by Pretoria are required before any 
actual technology transfer can proceed. 
Washington, having made dear its le- 
gitimate concerns, would now do best 
to step back from public bullying and 
see if a calm and respectful diplomatic 
dialogue can persuade South Africa to 
live up to its own high standards. 

— THE NEW TORE TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Global Economy, Continued 

German companies expect to employ 
at least 300,000 more people abroad in 
the next three years. But Germans have 
gained far more than they have lost 
from the emergence of a great new 
market to their east; and they have lost 
more than they have gained by allowing 
rigid and expensive labor laws to stifle 
the creation of new jobs at home. 

It will, naturally, always be hard for 
governments to persuade workers to 
trade their immediate job security for a 
vague promise of future opportunity. 
Different societies will strike the bal- 


ance in different ways. But [a] moral 
from South Korea is the folly of dying 
to free up labor markets without popular 
consent. You might expect South 
Koreans, richer than ever ana basking in 
full employment to feel less threatened 
than anxious Frenchmen and Germans 
by ideas for changing employment law. 
Quite rightly, they turn out not to want 
controversial legislation thrust down 
then throats in a manner reminiscent of 
their country's authoritarian past Af- 
fluence, it seems, breeds democrats; 
just another benefit, as it happens, of 
rampaging global capitalism. 

— The Economist (London). 


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N EW YORK — When you stop and 
think about it, the fact that the 
Israeli Parliament voted 87 to 17 to 
cany out the Hebron withdrawal and 
further redeployments in the West 
Bank is an amazing political event. 

That is a 5-to-l margin. Israelis don’t 
agree on anything by 5 to 1. They 
couldn't agree that the sun rises in the 
east by S to 1. 

The feet that their lawmakers voted 
to get out of Hebron by that margin, 
despite a Likud government that came 
to office seven months ago looking to 
avoid such a deal, underscores the de- 
gree to which this process is now being 
driven in Israel by a silent majority that 
wants to keep Oslo moving forward. 

This agreement was pushed from the 
bottom up. not the top down. Thar sends 
an important message to Arabs: Israel is 
not divided 50-50 on the peace process. 
There is now a solid center committed to 
Oslo and the principle of trading land for 
peace in the West Bank. 

The only question in Israel now is 
how much land, and the only ones who 
can answer that question are the Arabs, 
by making clear how much peace. 

Interestingly, Israelis have down- 
graded their expectations even on the 
amount of peace. It has bean a terrible 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


year for Israel Assassination, suicide 
bombs, street fights with Palestinian 
police over the Jerusalem tunnel Yet, 
die Israeli Parliament overwhelmingly 
approved this deal. 

It is because the Israeli public is no 
longer seeking an epic, romantic peace, 
but rather the peace of ter-me-alooe. It 
is seeking the lowest-commoa-denom- 
inator peace, the peace that says: “Just 
give me real security, basic trade, tour- 
ism and formal diplomatic relations, 
and I’ll get out of your hair and you get 
out of mine.*’ 

But here is the question; Can the 
Arabs provide even that lowest common 
denominator? Now that the Israeli pub- 
lic has forced a consensus on land for 
peace from the bottom up, the Arabs are 
going to have to force a consensus on 
this issue in their countries from the top 
down. Yasser Arafat, King Hussein ana 
Hosni Mubarak will not be able to meet 
their minimum obligations vis-a-vis Is- 
rael — whether it is to really normalize 
relations or to really crack down cm 
Palestinian terrorists — unless they start 
to nurture a domestic constituency for 
the relationship with Israel. 


‘Tory^rKwteA^ who made ^ "" 

peace with Israeli^ wanted the fruits m contrast, has por- 

Sfpeace without tire obligations of ^ 

peaSand without the relatimiships Aat public 

have to put up or shut up. veiy barf in ft*™ 1 ®." 

“In the past, they moved ahead with They overiooked a ^jnMew and 
Israel by shutting up their people. But I they compelled Ld^d to brrak wito 
don’t think they can move ahead, even fundamental [tenets of it s 
nn Hv» minimum demands Israel wants. If the Arabs hard 

up their people — with- the Palestinians — did somethmgharf 
out involving them mare m this pro- now *emsel^. ^methmgo 
cess. It will start with the business ordinary, something mat reajty cnai 
community, but it win have to go well lenged the ambivalence of towr own 

beyond that to the intelligentsia, media societies about 
and academia." lieve, over tune, the Israeli public 

The Arabs should notice something would respond again by domg toe last 
here. Benjamin Netanyahu has done a two hard things that 
huge act ofSadat-tike significance, but most — establishing a Palestinian state 
neither the Israeli press nor the world and making a cretoWe offer to Synacm 
press has given Him Sadat-like heroic the Golan Heights. Will fos ^ a r s 
accolades. Why not? Because both men 
acted out of necessity, but Mr. Sadat 
transformed necessity into an oppor- 


up to it, or are the old Arab politics sti 
the only Arab politics? 


The New York Tunes. 


Diplomacy Plus ‘Discreet and Deft Use of the Armed Forces’ 


B OSTON — As he leaves 
office. Secretary of State 
Warren Christopher foresees a 
pattern of response when certain 
U.S. interests are threatened 
abroad: the use of modest-sized 
U.S. forces to back up dip- 
lomacy. “Haiti and Bosnia are 
textbook examples," he said. 

I spoke with him after he 
made what amounted to a 
farewell speech at Harvard's 
John F. Kennedy School of 
Government 

After Bill Clinton took office 
in 1993, he backed off promised 
strong action against the Serb- 
ian aggressors in Bosnia. He 
was evidently inhibited by the 
Powell doctrine opposing the 
dispatch of U.S. troops except 
in overwhelming numbers for 
the most urgent reasons, and by 
General Colin Powell himself, 
who was still chairman of the 


By Anthony Lewis 


Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
counseled against intervention. 

Was the Powell doctrine los- 
ing influence? I asked. Mr. 
Christopher said be did not 
want to comment on that by 
name. But he praised General 
Powell's successor. General 
John Shalikashviti, in away that 
made his view clear. 

“General Shalikashviti has 
shown a willingness to have 
American forces participate in 
endeavors tike tins," he said. 
“He’s a national resource. He 
gets great credit for a willingness 
to deploy and lead American 
forces where it’s not 500,000 
troops — to places where we 
have a national interest but not a 
Pearl Harbor interest" 

Did he think the United 
States would have to send such 


>ad repeatedly 
s,” Mr. Christ 


cure? “Yes,” Mr. Christopher 
said. “There’s room for a dis- 
creet and deft use of the armed 
forces with diplomacy, in situ- 
ations less than toe defense of 
the continental United States." 

Mr. Christopher’s character- 
istically careful words under- 
lined a widespread perception 
drat the Powell doctrine, ban of 
America’s military frustration 
in Vietnam, is now in decline. 
Mr. Christopher's designated 
successor, Madeleine Albright, 
is certainly not wedded to it. 

In Bosnia, limited U.S. and 
other troops have kept the peace 
but have turned away from the 
task of arresting those indicted 
for war crimes. “That is one of 
the mime issues to be addressed 
in 1997," Mr. Christopher said. 


“Necessary healing in the so- 
ciety requires the arrest of ad- 
ditional war crime suspects." 

There was “a determined ef- 
fort" in Washington now, he 
added, “to find abetter method: 
a force supported by the inter- 
national troops that would lead 
to the arrests. The goals for the 
next year must also include free- 
dom of movement and return of 
refugees to their homes.’’ 

In his years as secretary, Mr. 
Christopher said, the Middle 
East has been the most satis- 
fying area of accomplishment. 
He spoke just after Israel and 
the Palestinians finally reached 
agreement on Hebron. 

“Prime Minister Netanyahu 
made a centrist judgment," he 
said, “and that was a difficult 
thing. He’s not only met with 
Yasser Arafat, he’s found com- 
mon cause with him." 


After atte n din g Mr. Clinton's ! 
second inauguration, Mr. Chris- ■ 
topher will fry home to Los j 
Angeles and tus old law firm. • 
What would be do there? 1 ' 
asked. “Try to stay off the air- ! 
plane as much as possible,” he ■ 
said, cm fling — “get my body ; 
back organized." (He has 
flown more than 1,200,000 ki- ; 
lometers as secretary of state.) • 
Then, he said, he expects to; 
practice on public issues, re- . 
gional and local 

There has been something ju- ! 
diciai about the figure of War- ; 
ten Christopher as secretary of 
state. In a time of cynicism 
about government, be has been^ 

nn rJrangngftah le as a man of** 
honor and decency . 

As we parted, I said I hoped - 


only met with he would enjoy law practice. He * 
s]s found com- replied; “I'M try to enjoy life!’’ , 


The New Tort Times. 


Bipartisan Failure to Pay for Foreign Policy Needs Repairing 


W ASHINGTON — The 
failure to provide the re- 
sources to support America's 
far-flung interests reflects a 
grim success of bipartisanship. 
Both parries and both political 
branches fell down. 

Republican George Bush 
coula not keep a dreaming 
Democratic Congress from pre- 
maturely concluding that the end 
of the Cold War permitted stint- 
ing on diplomacy and on de- 
velopment Demraxat Bill Clin- 
ton has earned his own demerits 
for indicating to an even more 
negligent Republican Congress 
that to balance the budget in the 
year 2002, spending on inter- 
national affairs, already down a 
quarter from the 1980s average, 
would fell by as much more. 


By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 


Mr. Bush at least, in 1990, 
got Congress to fence off the 
part of the budget devoted to 
international affairs from diver- 
sion to alternative spending. 

But a distracted Mr. Clinton 
agreed a year ago to pot a floor 
under the national defense 
budget even as he let interna- 
tional affairs be grouped with 
□ondefense discretionary ex- 
penditures. His own budget of- 
fice then targeted this category 
for reductions. 

The State Department’s pleas 
fra protection within a more ex- 
pansive “national security" 
category were ignored. 

Here I draw on a crisp sum- 
mons to global duty hatched at 


this inaugural moment by the 
Brookings Institution and. the 
Council on Foreign Relations. 1 

This right-minded interna- 
tionalist gang means to rally a 
constituency fra the fund-rais- 
ing appeals coming concur- 
rently from tire sitting and des- 
ignated secretaries of state. 

Their report is called “Fi- 
nancing American Leader- 
ship,” American leadership be- 
ing the professed banner of 
most Americans cm the right as 
well as the left. 

Pulled together by former 
diplomat Richard Moose, its 
ccwfoairs are former liberal 
Democratic Congressman Ste- 
phen Solarz. whom you might 


expect to be aboard, and former 
conservative Republican Con- 
gressman Mickey Edwards, 
whom you might not. The re-, 
partdefines the responsible bi- 
partisan consensus that has 
been lacking since the Cold 
War ended. 

In fact, the whole way Amer- 
ica finances its international 
policies is unbalanced. The mil- 
uary takes and deserves the li- 
on’s share, but surety there is 
some reasonable point of pro- 
portionality — 10 percent of 
defense? — below which ci- 
vilian nonintelligence interna- 
tional affairs spending should 
not be allowed to fall. 

Nor have I ever heard a good 
reason why the intelligence 
agencies draw large and appar- 
ently expanding and little-over- 
seen snms (now toward $30 bil- 
lion)' even as the well-probed 


Clinton: Still a Work in Progress 


W ASHINGTON — Bill 
Clinton is an unusual 
man at an unusual juncture at 
an unusual time. After four 
years he remains largely un- 
known, largely undefined — 
and largely unproved. 

He stands alone at the top of 
American politics, and alone 
in history. Alone among re- 
elected American presidents, 
he remains clay in the hands of 
the sculptor. 

George Washington, Tho- 
mas Jefferson, James Madis- 
on, James Monroe. Andrew 
Jackson. Abraham Lincoln — 
all were completely framed 
men in the White House, if not 
(particularly in the case of 
Lincoln) at the beginning of 
the first term, then surely at 
the beginning of the second. 

The same can be said for 
more recently re-elected pres- 
idents: William McKinley, 
Woodrow Wilson, Franklin 
Roosevelt, Dwight Eisen- 
hower, Richard Nixon and 
Ronald Reagan.lt cannot be 
said of Mr. Clinton. He is still 
changing, growing, evolving, 
not rally as a political figure 
but as a man. 

Alone among modern pres- 
i dents, Mr. Clinton hires 
chiefs of staff to change his 
behavior patterns, not to re- 
flect them. Alone among re- 
elected presidents, his task in 
the second term is not to be the 
curator of his role in history 
but to create it 
Bill Clinton, elected as a 
work in progress, takes the 
oath of office for the second 
time still a work in progress. 

“He is an amorphous fig- 
ure, and it’s hard to know at 
any time what he's going to be 
up to." says Fred Greenstein, 
the Princeton student of pres- 
idents. “Though there is more 
of an even keel to his lead- 


By David M. Shribman 


ership, he is something of a 
learning-curve president” 

He is also a big-quilt pres- 
ident with patches of politics 
and policies that have no ap- 
parent common thread. He is a 
little bit of the traditional 
politician, a little bit of the 
populist A little bit liberal and 
a little bit conservative. A 
Utile bit chary of projecting 
American force, a little bn 
eager to assert American val- 
ues abroad. 

“He’s always evolving be- 
cause he’s always reposition- 
ing himself," says George Ed- 
wards, director of the Center 
fra Presidential Studies at 
Texas A&M University. “He 
adjusts himself in a way that 
Franklin Roosevelt didn’t’’ 

But Clinton’s world is far 
different from Roosevelt’s. 
FDR had a substantial gov- 
erning coalition with him in 
Congress. He always had de- 
cisive majorities on election 
day. Mr. Clinton has neither, 
and has to be for more sen- 
sitive to the outside political 
environment 

The most important thing 
about Bill Clinton as president 

is not that he is the first Demo- 
crat to win a second term in 60 
years, nor that be is the find 
Southerner to win a second 
term since 1832. It is that he is 

re-electedHe^not set in his 
ways. He is not afraid to 
change. He is not impervious 
to outside influences. He is not 
a creature of habit 

Those who know tire pres- 
ident well — not his advisers 
but his friends, some of whom 
have shared the last 35 years 
with him — say he has 
changed at an astonishing 


rate. He is more spiritual, 
more at ease with what he 
calls “the faith world." He 
manages time better. 

He is less rebellious about 
the restrictions on him. (Back 
in Little Rock, he would dis- 
appear from the governor's 
office, pop Into a car with old 
friends and sneak out for 
lunch and laughter.) “It’s not 
that he’s been tamed, but al- 
most," says Carolyn Staley, 
who grew up next door to him. 
,L Tbere’s fury still inside him, 
but better directed.” 

In the Governor’s Mansion 
as in the White House, he used 
to stay up all kinds of hours; 
overnight guests in Washing- 
ton tefl of long evenings of 
rambling, reflective talk until 
around midnight, he beaded 
back to his . office, telling his 
co mpani ons; more in awe than 
in anger, “There’s so much to 
know." He still doesn’t brow 
h all but be knows the Kirritg 
of knowledge. 

In the drive to win the first 
chair in saxophraie in foe 
school band, to get all tbe prob- 
lems right in mafodass, to gain 
the White House, to obliterate 
his friends in a fast-paced 
game of hearts, Mr. Clinton 
was competitiveness personi- 
fied. He is still no easy made in 
cards, but some of foe com- 
petitiveness has seeped away. 

He still thinks of himself as 
competing against the dock, 
against old ideas, against foe 
icons of politics, but he is no 
longer competing for votes. 
That has freed him. 

Perhaps he is free enough 
now, as he takes the most sa- 
cred oath in public life, to 
compete with hims elf, to win 
his inner struggles, to win the 
leadership oiAmericans and 
their confidence and trust 

The Boston Globe. 


el-and-fomed. In fiscal 1997 
they received $18 billion, and fra 
1998 the administration seeks 
only a cautious billion more. It 
ought to be asking unapologet- 
icafiy fra at least an extra two. 

You do not have to wave a 
flag for the State Department to 
grasp foe commonsense pro- 
position that foe already ad- 
vanced thinning of its infra- 
structure shrinks foe capacity to 
promote vital American in- 
terests and contributes to an im- 
age of decline and withdrawal 

No less crippling, the new 
report suggests, are the con- 
straints on practical presidential 
options. To stabilize Haiti, eco- 
nomic support was reduced to 
Turkey. Aid to foe West Bank 
had to be drained from the Cen- 
tral American peace account. 

Refugee care in Rwanda took 
funds from democracy-build- 


ing elsewhere in Africa. For 
ladt of ready money to monitor -! 
a Kurdish cease-fire in northern 
Iraq, .Saddam Hussein was ' 

: handed a pretext" to send in Ins ' 
.own forces — “amove which' 
culminated in U.S. military ac- 
" tian^ costing multiples or the) 
arigmafly needed sum." 

Senator Richard Lugar as- ' 
sails what be sees as an ex- 1 
pedient bipartisan “fiction" 
that international spending can „ 
be cut with impunity: 

“As important as balancing ’ * 
the budget is, it will not happen ■ 
if American diseng a gement ‘ 
from the world results in nu- ' 
clear terrorism, an international 1 
trade war, an international en- ' 
ergy crisis, a major regional - 
conflict requiring U.S. inter - ' 
vention, or some other prevent- * 
able disaster that unoenirines_ 
our security and prosperity." 

Treading on ground where 
secretaries of state hesitate to _ 
go, this outsiders’ report puts - 
foe onus directly on President 
Clinton. He is urged first to ask - 
for adequate funding, then to go 
to the people and then to address 
Congress. 

As a second Clinton term be- * 
gins, no great foreign policy de- 1 
bate is going on, and none is 1 
needed. There is no single great - 
“vision” available, but there is ' 
broad agreement that U.S. in- * 
terests require well-considered 1 
engagement to tend to a host of 
issues that won’t stand stiH 

Fra that, foe need is not so’ 
much for a master plan as fra an 
altitude of alertness and an ap-W 
parsttts that lets America try to- 
stay ahead of foe curve. T his is ' 
what a good foreign policy can - 
do. This is why it should not be 
done on foe cheap. ' 

The Washington Post. 


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IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YFlABft Am 


1897: Negus Solicited 

CONSTANTINOPLE — Prep- 
arations for foe extraordinary 
embassy which foe Sultan de- 
cided to send to the E mp er or 
Meneiik caused great swpisc in 
foe diplomatic world. The em- 
bassy will be composed of three 
persons, of whom Ahmet Ali 
Pasha will be the chief. The sul- 
tan sends to Mea^ foe Order in 
brilliants of foe Osmani6-and a 
great manypresents. The coo- 
sequences of this expedition are 
befieved to far exceed those of a 

mere exchange of polite atten- 
tions between Sovereigns. 

1922: Gever Slang 

CLEVELAND — French slang 
is more picturesque than English 
slang, which has improve*!* but 
little since its invention, said Dr. 
Clarence Stratton,, director of 
Hngli&h in foe Cleveland public 
schools. ‘To call George Rnfo 
Babe and to translate Babe into 


Bambino, there's nothing clever 
in foal, unlike ratling a left- 
handed pitcher a southpaw. To. 
find yourself in an awfulpidde is - 
an a n cient bit of slang which 
Probably originated because of 
the sour quality of pickles. They 


are expressive and suggestive. 

W C. jjIj ... _ 


- — ~ WJ W4IM JUAdi Udlicua K1U a 

peach also had areal idea.’*^ ’ 

1947: Soviet Threat ■■ 

BUDAPEST — A threat of - 
- R ussian intervention n utes s foe 
Hungarian government com- 
plied with arrests of members of » 
foe Small Holders patty was re- 1 
sponsible for foe apprehension-^ # 
of Six parliameniaries. Matyas 
Bakosl Communist leader andJ. 
deputy Premier, said die arrests] 
must be executed- “or foe Rris-1 
sians will take matters into Ubeif'-t 
own hands.” -By maintaining^ 

. y acting against an in-i 
opwot Fascist plot, Soviet efo- v 
ments could have acted on anl , 
mfot pr etation of foe anmstice'r' 


*. V._' 

« ' • = 


ip 


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■» v ',*■> 

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PAGE 9 


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INTERNATIONAL 


Pants , Breeche 



By William Safire 


7 W r ^S? < ? T0N Tt* sainted 

*££££? words to describe 

JJ*5 **«: and women say 
cftww, men say rcizforr and women say 1 

jigg sassaag. 

shro The trousers that cling to him.”} 

In a recent political hanmjnxi I 
impenineace of Nixottc 
neophytes who— during the yesns W 
f£S«! ma political wflderocss — were 
sail m knee pants." A youftful co^ 
league promptly wondered if foie* panes: 
was a creased, archaic team for Ber- 
mudashons, which first took tfatf none 
5 1951. Julius Ozick, a demist frtim 

New Rochelle, NewYori^ writes: “My 
fatter, a p h a rmac ist who ramhe pn>-- 
verbial comer dn^gstare for over 50 
ye®s, used the term knee pants in a - 
pejorative context. Inmy practice T havs 
some elderiy Jewish patients well past ■ 

w. Your mention of Jtob pants evq bed 
a host of memories about the term.’’ - 
We have here a word that is pre- 
served as if in amber by a phrase. 

Nobody wears knee pants anymore; . 
we wear shorts, sometimes long shorts 
(die uniform of guest hosts) of the 
Bermuda variety. But we remember 
the old term by the current use of 
“when you were in knee pants” and 
occasionally “when yon were in three- 
cornered. pants*, a fist-disappearing 
reference to- cloth diapers in the age 
before Panmers and Hnggies and Lavs 
enshrined disposability. 

Welcome to the lexicon of leg. coy-. . 
firings. -Early in toe third century, a - 
Christian 1 , doctor who courageously 
ministered to the poor was condemned ' 
to death by the Romans; miraculously, 
he survived six execution atfempts be- 
fore his head rolled. Canonized as 
Saint Pantaleooe — -“alltion/’asaftite 
to his courage — he became a patron 
saint of physicians, and many boys 
were baptized in his honor. 


Seven centuries later, according to 
gobttt Hendrickson’s 1987 Rets on 
fife Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase 
Gngms, becanse it was considered 
comical to call adoolish character “all 
the commedra delTarte dabbed 
P. fi fflocm Pantaloon . and dressed him 
m skintight breeches that bloused out 
abovc.thc knee. When the wad Was 
introduced to die United States in toe 
cany 18to century, the eariy Sams 
^ c P anta h x> ns too long and by 
.. loW cfopedtoetenn topmns. 

Jte Ehgtish agreed to toe clip but 
refused to go along with the sense; to 
. them, refers to underwear, spe- 
cifically “underpants,” and is not a 
synonym for 'trousers^’Thet wazd-jro- 
ferred by Brits comes from the Gaeli c 
triubhds,' originally a leg covering 
■" meeting a stocking at the knee, later 
extended down to toe snide, bell-bot- 
tom style, by makers of naval nm- 
fbnns. ! 

“ n ; • 

In Am e ri ca n use, a woman’s un- 
dergannent became panties, construed 

.. as plmal even ihocgh it wax a zm gnlar 

- jtam that did not extend down two legs 
(except in toe early 1950s express! cm 
party raid, which was easier for col- 
lege sophomoresin a morcsexist age to 
say than panties raid). 

. Meanwhile, toe British — rejecting 
panties — adopted knickers as a syn- 
onym for “women’s drawers,” to 
mean “womea’s garment worn around 
toe loins beneath toe skirt/’ However, 
toe'Brituib knickers is a 19&-ceritnry 
bpinnring from toe American autbor 
Washington Irving.- His character was 
Diedrich Knickerbocker, signifying a 
; descendant of Dutch settlers of New 
"Amsterdam, later New Yorit, and in 
: 1881 toe name was shortened to Anfcfc- 
^rsto describe “Duteh-style breeches 
gathered and banded just below toe 
knee.” ' " • 

In America, the knickers remained 
an outer garment, sometimes called 
leggings, as the word was adopted far 
underwear across the ocean. 

.. “Why is _it/’asks A. Sock of New 
.York, ‘toat if 'you order a prior of 
chairs, you get two of diem, but if yon 


:one 

of them?” 

Answer: Boihpants and trousers are 
ccostruedas apair, like the legs they fit 
around, and “a pair of,” like “acouple 
. of,” uses a collective noun usually 
treated as plural. (A couple of guys are 
here, to buy pants; toe pants are for 
■ sale.) The s on the end of pants and 
trousers and britches (an 1880s variant 
of breeches ) also tugs us toward treat- 
in^ toem as plural. (Don't start up with 
grits and scissors.) 

1 Though first spotted in 1893, the 
singulanzation of pants has increased 
in recent years; pants now often drops 
its s. Why has "‘a pair of pants’* some- 
times become “toe pant”? Becanse of 
tire women’s pants suit. A man’s suit 
consists of a jacket and a pair of pants, 
while a woman’s suit used to be a 
racket and skirt of die same maierial. 
With toe popularity of women's 
slacks, a retro nym was coined: toe 
pants suit, to differentiate from toe 
skirted suit. But try to pronounce 
“pants suit”; you cannot separate toes 
sounds — which is why we have the 
pantsuit. 

Lest die reader get an ant in his pant 
(nope — die singular remains an 
oddism), let us tee off on that leg 
covering of fashionable golfers, plus 
fours. These b aggy knickerbockers, 
with foorextra inches of material, were 
by the Prince of Wales in 
1920s. The British ma gazine Isis 
looked with disdain at “the desuetude 
of the traditional grey flannel ‘bags’ of 
toe undergraduate” and mtnnumw? 
that "plus fours have succeeded 
them.” (Note the plural have.) 

“When introduced,” explains 
Charlotte Mankey Calasibetta in 
Fairchild’s Dktionary of Fashion, 
“these knickers were four inches 
longer than die usual length.” The 
deliberately baggy pants, gathered 
well below the knee, are worn to show 
off patterned wool socks and stout 
shoes Scottish Highlanders calfc-H 
brogues. That word shares a root with 
breeches and, like socks, stockings, 
\arters, and other coverings of our two 
and feet, takes a plural verb. 

New YorkUma Service 


BOOKS 


-•I FINDING MAKEBA 

By Alexs D. Pate. 244 pages. $21 £5. 
Putman. 


r* 


Re vie wed by Jabari Asim 

E VERYTHING i read or see on tele- 
vision keeps totting us how terrible 
blade-men are as .fathers andbusbaads. 
Nobody ever takes the time to celebrate 
men tike you.”. Gwen Goodman’s pro- 
nouncement to her Critically til husband 
- soundedarcsoifiapt chord in Alexs Pate’s 
debut .effort, 4 T-osipg 
thatexptorationofHaddaaa^riSiiityimd 
familial relations, toe autoor.s second 

to sift thrcn^i^toe complex layerTa^ 
black man’s identity. This time, though, 
the behavior of toe man in question pro- 
voke&eondfmnarion. jiot odrfaation. ~ 
Ben Crestfield, an aspiring writer,' 
feels a kinship with an emerging school 
. of black writers: “Having felt ibe-cor 
' ¥ ergy of the revolutionaries of the gen- 
eration just before him, be was driven 
' to define toe. contemporary black 
man.*’ Ben eventually realizes toe 
trouble with such missions: They 
scribe a quest for which there is no 
singular, comprehensive end. Modem 
black men, tike any other group of 


people, cannot be reduced to simple 
.catego rization 

Perhaps more aware of tois couun- 
dram thah iris fictional counterpart, Pate 
expand s his narrative agenda to include 
other significant themes, among (hem 
toerelationshipbetwerafathficsandchil- 
-dren, toeefiect of oppression onperKmal 
dignity, and the connection between self- 
respect and self-determinarion. 

Ben mates his entrance as a prom- 
ising first novelist, a native Phtiarfelphi- 
;to his home town for a book 
. Tnfr _^ WI . r riSftiaa&A *: 

tom when Makeba, the daughter he left 
behind 10 yeas ago,' appears at toe 
bookstore. Pate alternates chapters of 
Ben Yanfobiographical novel with pas- 
sages from Makeba’s journal, offered as 
herrespoosesto reading her father's 
fictional' account of their life together. 
Has provides a framework that allows 
Bento “explain” toe reasons behind his 
nbandoament of has family. 

After recovering from initial shock — 
Ben uses toe rames of his daughter and 
his wife inhis novel — Makeba records 
herpimnMmanorics. “I couldn’t believe 
that yon were sliH alive,” her second 
journal entry concludes, “that you could 
know we were somewhere and you 
wookln’tccme back.” . * •• 


BRIDGE 


By Alan TYuscott 

TTt/TJBBO de Boer wop an 
W award from . ' Le 

Bridgorr for Ins 

/ ptey of the diagramed deal in 

the Generali World Individu- 
”< al Championship in Paris. In a 
deal drat offered a choice be- 
V tween finessing and raffing, 
he managed both. 
r , : His contract of four spades 

was reached after his. oppo- 
nents bad bid to three no- 
trump. That contract would 
jhve made easily .after a nor- 
mal lead. Only an unusual 
V* diamond would have given 
East a problem. 


De Boear raffed tiie opening 
chto lead and realized titat he 
would need to locate flic heart 
jack and ^get good breaks in 
both major suits. It was clear 
that East held long, strong 
dobs and; two outride aces. 

The obvious play of lead- 
ing to tite heart queen was not 
promising, because East 
would probably win, cash the 
t r ump ace' and lead another. 
That would have defeated the 
contract. 

So Soutoputhis fortunes to 
-■ the test by leadmgtoe heart 
ten fimygnig i This drove 
OTrt toe ace, and another chib; 
was led, ftveang a; second raff. 
The rorttme play, of leading a 


spade to ibc king would have 
been defeated by a duck, 
since another club play would 
be fatal after toe second round 
of trumps'. Unblocking hearts 
by cashing the queen would 
also have failed, for toe de- 
fense world have been able to 
maneuver a heart raff for 
East 

So de Boer sacrificed toe 
advantage be had apparently 
grined from die heart: finesse. 
He cashed the heart khag, 
crashing dummy’s queen, and 
ruffed a heart with toe spade 
king. It did not matter wheth- 
er East ovenuffed. South 
could draw trumps and score 
bis last three hearts. 


NORTH 

♦ K 6 
OQ6 

OKQ107B* 

* Q 10 5 


West ted the dab nine. 


CROSSWORD 





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©jVew YvfkTwe/EStodby Will Shorts. 



ERITREAN RITES — Priests in Asmara carrying gold and silver crosses for Epiphany, which the 
Orthodox Church celebrated Sunday. It commemorates the visit of the three wise men to the infant Jesus. 

Lagos Blames U.S. for Bomb Wave 


Pate clearly has concerns that go be- 
yond sociology and family dynamics. 
His woA also contemplates the power of 

■ tenjftisy rinng nffhftlwly 

In rotoqfbis novels, characters “leave” 
their corporeal forms, sprout wings and 
will themselves into other places. 

Unfortunately; Pate’s prose seldom 
does justice to his ideas. Attempts at 
profundity are often deflated by awk- 
ward sentences — “He ached for the 
solidification, the transformation into 
his filed existence” — or incomplete 
■ 'ntetephorK TJke x finger riiap be real* 
ized what was wrong.” 

hi “Losing Absalom” toe title char- 
acter reflects on his own patenting mis- 
adventures: “They could be ali en at e d 
for years, live their separate lives and 
then, in an instant, when a father looked 
into the eyes of his daughter, everything 
corid be forgiven. Two lives could be- 
come one.” Pate aims for a similar dad- 
daoghter symbiosis in “finding 
Makeba” but via language that is frus- 
trarmgjy uneven and burdened by a 
deadly earnestness that frequently 
threatens to bring his tale’s proceedings 
to a complete stop. 

Jabari Asim is on the staff of The 
Washington Post. 


New York Times Service 

LAGOS — Nigeria's relations with 
toe United States have deteriorated 
sharply since a series of unexplained 
bomb attacks that senior Nigerian of- 
ficials have said were backed by West- 
ern nations. 

The bombings, whicb have taken 
place in the country’s commercial cap- 
ital, Lagos, have been aimed at military 
personnel and p ropert y . In the most re- 
cent, on Tuesday, an explosion des- 
troyed a bus outside an army barracks, 
killing 2 and wounding 27 of its pas- 
sengers, who were soldiers. 

Nigeria’s military government sees 
itself as the target of the bombing cam- 
paign, for which no one has claimed 
responsibility. 

Government leaders have blamed toe 
country’s largest opposition group, toe 
National Democratic Coalition, or Na- 


deco, many of whose members live in 
the United States. Nadeco, whose lead- 
ership is largely under arrest, has denied 
any connection with the bombings. 

For two years, the United States has 
led international efforts to isolate the 
government of General Sani Abacha. 
accusing it of severe, widespread hu- 
man-rights violations in Nigeria, which 
is Africa's most populous country. 

The United States, the European Uni- 
on and the Commonwealth all imposed 
limited sanctions on Nigeria in Novem- 
ber 1995 after the execution of nine 
human-rights advocates, including the 
playwright Ken Saro-WIwa. 

Since the bombing wave began in late 
November, Nigerian officials have ac- 
cused Washington, along with Canada 
and South Africa, of supporting groups 
that they say seek the violent overthrow 
of General Abacha's government 


“Because we are not yielding to their 
pressure.” said Information Minister 
Waller Ofonogoro. “Western nations 
are now going about sponsoring people 
to plant bombs to cause trouble and 
destabilize our country." 

American diplomats in Nigeria have 
denied any link to die bombings, which 
tile U.S. Embassy has denounced. But 
Nigerian officials have repeatedly raised 
questions about a State Department 
warning last month to Americans trav- 
eling in Nigeria. Issued after the first two 
attacks, the statement cautioned that 
there might be more. 

Last month. Nigeria's foreign min- 
ister. Chief Tom Dtirai. summoned the 
U.S. ambassador, Walter Carrington, to 
a meeting in toe capital, Abuja. The 
envoy was told that the State Department 
travel wanting bad been issued to cause 
disruption. 


Three Aid Workers Killed in Rwanda 


WEST 

EAST (D) 

*72 

* A98 

J53 

OA7 

* A J54 

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dbg: 

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West North 

1 NX 2 ♦ 

DM. Pass 

3 N.T. 4 <? 

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Pass • Pass 

Pass 


Agenee France- Prase 

NAIROBI — A group of about 10 
Hum -g unm en killed three- Spanish aid 
workers and several Rwandans and 
severely wounded an American citizen 
in north western Rwanda, diplomats said 
Sunday. 

The attack was launched late Saturday 
on a cluster of aid centers in the town of 
Ruhengeri, where thousands of Hutu 
refugees have returned from neighbor- 
ing Zaire since November. Several in- 
ternational aid agencies, including Doc- 
tors of the World, Doctors without 
Borders and Save the Children were 
involved, humanitarian workers in 
Kigali said. 

The three Spaniards were working for 
a Spanish unit of Doctors of the World. 
The American, whose affiliation was 
unknown, underwent a leg amputation. 

Several soldiers were lolled and many 
Rwandan civilians hurt when the at- 
tackers exchanged rocket and machine- 
gun fire for about 90 minutes with toe 
Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Army, 
which intervened after toe attack was 
launched, diplomats in Kigali said. 

The attackers were' believed to be 
former soldiers or militia from 
Rwanda’s Hutu majority, driven from 
power in July 3 994. Rwandan Radio said 


toe gimmen had carried out several at- 
tacks in toe region. 

Aid workers from all groups attacked 
planned to meet with Rwandan officials 
Sunday to decide whether to suspend 
their activities in the region, a human- 
itarian worker said. 

The attack was the worst carried out 
against aid groups in toe region. The UN 


High Commissioner for Human Rights 
suspended its activities in the Gisenyi 
prefecture’s six communes last week 
after a group of armed men beat, robbed 
and threatened to kill a team of UN 
human rights observers there. On Jan. 11, 
a hospital was attacked and its pharmacy 
was pillaged at Kabaya in the same pre- 
fecture. Three Rwandans were killed. 


U.S. to Pursue Land Mine Ban 


New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton ad- 
ministration has announced that it will 
seek to negotiate a worldwide ban on 
anti-personnel mines, but it chose to take 


toe slower of two diplomatic tracks. It 
committed itself to cappa 

: toe military's m- 


also 


ting and 


ventoty of 7 million rand mines. 

The diplomatic initiative, officials ac- 
knowledged, could take several years of 
tough negotiating given toe traditional 
opposition of Russia and China, both of 
which depend on mines far more heavily 
than does the United States. 

Until a worldwide ban is signed, Wash- 
ington will continue to use land mines. 


Administration officials said they 
would push for the ban at the Conference 
on Disarmament, which opens Monday 
in Geneva, signaling dial Pentagon of- 
ficials had pervaded President Bill Clin- 
ton noi to join Canada on a faster track in 
negotiating a ban on the weapons. 

The administration’s decision was not 
unexpected, but afew Stale Department 
officials who have warned t h at nego- 
tiating through the Geneva conference 
could be extremely slow had hoped far a 
different direction. 

“We’re putting a ceiling on the U.S. 
inventory” of land mines, said Robot 
Bell, National Security Council senior 
director for defense policy. 


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PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 


SPONSORED SECTION 



TRADE FAIRS AND CONGRESSES IN GERMANY 



Dynamic Role Model 
For the Service Sector 

Germany's trade fairs are a thriving service industry in themselves , 
besides boosting related businesses. 

A range of new and German sector’s employ- very impressive s 
newly renovated mem and output. And these The country’s i 
fairgrounds and are actually quite good. fair and congress 




A range of new and 
newly renovated 
fairgrounds and 
facilities is helping 
Germany’s trade fair sector, 
the world’s largest, to con- 
tend with an increasing 
number of international 
competitors. The trade fair 
authorities' success also 
bodes well for Germany's 
service sector. 

Services are widely 
regarded as the Achilles' 
heel of Germany’s power- 
house economy. While the 
country’s manufacturing 
sector moves from one out- 
put and export record to 
another, its service sector - 
despite the protection and 
profitability offered by a 
thicket of often informal 
barriers - barely manages 
to meet local needs, let 
alone attract an internation- 
al clientele. 

Such is the verdict of 
many economic pundits, 
who draw unfavorable 
comparisons between 
Germany's service sector 
and those of the United 
States and Britain. These 
critics decry the surliness 
and lack of interest that are 
supposedly endemic among 
the German service sector’s 
personnel, and the dearth of 
entrepreneurial £lan and 
imagination displayed by 
the companies employing 
them. 

Core competences 
All these criticisms have a 
certain validity. They per- 
tain, however, largely to the 
retailing side of tile service 
sector. As in all developed 
countries, business-to-busi- 
ness services, including 
shipping, order processing 
and technical backup, 
account for the bulk of the 


German sector’s employ- 
ment and output. And these 
are actually quite good. 

In fact, Germany has 
long been home to one of 
the world's most successful 
service industries, whose 
achievements and charac- 
teristics show that services 
could be as much a German 
specialty as the manufac- 
ture of high-performance 
cars. 

This paragon of service- 
ability is the country’s trade 
fair sector. In 1996, accord- 


Cermany’s 55 trade 
fair and congress 
aumonms flow 
some 1^260 fairs and 
exhibitions to 1996, 
renting 6 maiioa 
square motets of 
floor space to 
143,000 extdbtton 


ing to figures released by 
the Union Internationale 
des Foires. the sector's pro- 
fessional association, 
around 5,500 trade fairs 
were staged worldwide. Of 
them, around 450 were 
major events that drew 
exhibitors from outside 
their own area. Of these, 
150 were events serving as 
the focal points of their par- 
ticular international busi- 
ness sectors. 

Over two-thirds of these 
events were staged by 
Germany's "Bi§ Eleven” 
trade fair authorities. As a 
whole, the country's trade 
fair sector generated some 


very impressive statistics. 

The country's 55 trade 
fair and congress authori- 
ties held some 1,260 fairs 
and exhibitions in 1996. 
They rented 6 million 
square meters of floor 
space to some 143,000 
exhibitors, whose stands 
were visited by 9 million 
people, according to the 
Cologne-based AUMA 
(Austell ungs- und Messe- 
Ausschuss der Deutschen 
Wirtschaft e.V.. or 
Confederation of German 
Trade Fair and Exhibition 
Industries). 

Breaking new records 
All of these figures were 
above or near I995*s record 
levels. Since many impor- 
tant trade fairs are held in 
odd-numbered years, even- 
numbered ones are tradi- 
tionally off years for 
Germany’s trade fair sector. 
This makes the 1996 fig- 
ures even more impressive 
- and puts the industry in a 
position to set new records 
in 1997. 

Perhaps the most impor- 
tant of 1996’s numbers: 44 
percent of all exhibitors 
came from outside 
Germany. This figure, also 
rising in two-year incre- 
ments, is set to break the 50 
percent mark some time 
after the turn of the century. 
To put this in context, a 10 
percent share of foreign 
exhibitors is considered a 
major success by most 
trade fair authorities. 

The statistics are even 
more remarkable consider- 
ing the relative disadvan- 
tages under which 
Germany's trade fairs oper- 
ate. “Germany isn't blessed 
with a CGte d’Azur climate 
or low costs of accommo- 



4 -■ 





S 

>r 


% 


Flying cokas: DQssefdorf, home of the fgodo women & fashion trade fdr, recorded the largest annual turnover of Gamanyi trade fdr& last year. 


dation,” says Friedrich W. 
Bertram, head of press and 
information at K5In Messe, 
Cologne's trade fair author- 
ity. “Nor are all of its trade 
fair cities such tourist 
'musts' as Paris or London. 
It’s obviously the merits of 
its trade fairs themselves - 
their services, efficiency 
and market orientation - 
that are the attraction.” 

The impact of these trade 
fairs upon their communi- 
ties and environs is, of 
course, far greater than 
indicated by turnover 
alone. Medium-sized cities 
like Hannover, Leipzig and 
DGsseldorf - all with popu- 


lations of around half a mil- 
lion - have large-sized 
corps of public relations 
agencies, tfrrhniraf transla- 
tors and multimedia display 
experts. Mary of these ser- 
vice providers live on the 
business generated by local 
trade fairs. 

Secondary business 
All told, this “secondary 
business” is estimated by 
experts to amount to four or 
five times the turnover real- 
ized by the fairgrounds 
themselves. DUsseldorTs 
trade fair authority pegs this 
multiplier at nine times 
turnover. 


Why, that, doesn’t the 
phenomenal success of its 
trade fairs translate into a 
positive opinion of Ger- 
many’s service sector as a 
whole? Is it that the trade 
fair area constitutes an 
exception in the service 
sector, and if so, why? 

‘There is very definitely 
a spillover effect from the 
trade fairs, at least on the 
host communities,- and 
vice-versa,” says Cornelia 
Wohlfarth, chairman of the 
managing board of 
Leipziger Messe GmbH, 
Leipzig’s trade fair authori- 
ty. “I think it’s no accident 
that such trade fair venues 


as Leipzig and Frankfurt - 
the two oldest in the world 
- have also long been pio- 
neers of new forms of com- 
mercial enterprise and com- 
munication. While. Ger- 
many’s service sector as a 
whole may not enjoy 
unqualified respect, the sec- 
tors in Leipzig, Frankfurt 
and other leading cities 
most definitely do.” 

Says Mr. Bertram: T 
think the eagerness to be of 
assistance, to anticipate 
exhibitor and visitor needs 
and wishes, does distin- 
guish the trade fairs from 
the rest of the service sec- 
tor. These qualities have 


;VlTHORI 

jin Mat 
Ger: 


arisen from the truly inter- 
national character of the 
trade fair business. Each of 
the world’s business activi- 
ties is served by a large 
number .of competing trade 
fairs, and tile German fair 
authorities don’t have, by j 
any means, a monopoly on* 
good ideas and people. Our 
trade fairs are constantly 
vying for custom with tlie 
highly capable authorities 
inParis, Milan and the rest 
of the world. This interna- 
tional level of competition 
differs in intensity from that 
of tiie local outlets serving 
what is, in effect, a captive 
clientele.” 




-'•Ifr+Hf 

■ •■■■ * i 

m 

• a. -a 





THE LEIPZIG TRADE FAIR 
Trade fairs and exhibitions 1997 

(Excerpt) 


LEIPZIGER MODE MESSE* 

Fashion Fair 

February 8-10, Exhibition Centre 

Contracting Leipzig* 

International Trade Fair for Apparel, 

Textile and Cooperation 
February 8-10, Exhibition Centre 

TerraTec 

Trade Fair and Forum for Global Environment Markets 
March 4-7, Exhibition Centre 

CADEAUX Leipzig* 

Trade Fair for Gifts and Ideas for the Home 
March IS- 17, Exhibition Centre 

Leipziger Budimesse und 
3. leipziger Antiquariatsmesse 

Leipzig Book Fair and Antiquarian Fair 
March 20-23. City Centre 

Leipziger Messe 

AUTO MOBIL INTERNATIONAL 

Leipzig Fair AUT0M08IL INTERNATIONAL 
April 5-13, Exhibition Centre 

europrom leipzig '97 

European Programme and Media Fair 
May 22-23, Exhibition Centre 

internet vision 

info Show for Business and Leisure 
May 22-25, Exhibition Centre 

LEIPZIGER MODE MESSE* 

Fashion Fair 

August 9-1 1. Exhibition Centre 

Contracting Leipzig* 

International Trade Fair for Apparel, 

Textiles and Cooperation 
August 9-11, Exhibition Centre 


Ifiterpharm** 

Pharmaceutical Trade Fair and Conference 
June 7-8, City Centre 

MIDORA* 

The Leipzig Clocks, Watches and Jewellery Trade Fair 
August 30 - September 1, Exhibition Centre 

COMFORTEX* 

Trade Fair for Interior Furnishings and Decoration 
September 5-7. Exhibition Centre 

CADEAUX Leipzig* 

Trade Fair for Gifts and Ideas for the Horne 
September 6-8, Exhibition Centre 

Innovationsmesse Leipzig 

Trade Fair for Innovation 
September 17-20, Exhibition Centre 

Bau-Fachmesse Leipzig 

The Leipzig Construction Trade Fair 
October 22- 26, Exhibition Centre 

GASTE 97 

international Trade Fair for Restaurant, 

Hotel and Catering Business 
November 9-13, Exhibition Centre 

Leipziger Messe 
Touristik ft Caravaning 

Tourism & Caravanning Fair 
November 19-23, Exhibition Centre 

• Subject to alteration • 'Trade visitors only • * 'Visiting exhibition 


Please contact us: 


A 


Leipziger Messe GmbH 
Messe-AIlee 1 

D-04356 Leipzig • Germany 
phone: +49 3 41 67 8-0 
fare +49 3 41 6 78 87 62 
E-Mail: info@leipziger-messe.de 
hdpJ/irwwJeipzigej'-messfi.de 


New Events, New Incarnahons 

Virtual venues, head-to-head scheduling and fast food characterize the current calendar. 


- . SfKT 




I n Germany’s trade fair sector, 1997 actually started on 
Sept- l, 1996. It was then that what has been called 
“1 997’s most exciting development” was put into oper- 
ation by Hannover’s Deutsche Messe AG. GLOBIS is 
Germany’s full-fledged “virtual trade fair.” Now one of 
three such Web fairs in Germany, GLOBIS currently con- 
tains the “stands” of 15,000 companies offering 60,000 
products and services (address: http://www.globis.de). 

Not surprisingly, the Internet, still in a phase of strong 
expansion in Germany, forms a prime focus of 1 997’s 
other new events. Following the lead of DGsseldorf and its 
Internet World (Nov. 26-28, 1996). Leipzig is launching 
Internet Vision ’97 on May 22. Five days later, in a head- 
to-head slotting, Internet World Berlin will follow. Munich 
will present its own Internet World on June 4. 

Single market 

Surveys have shown that Germany has close to a 40 per- 
cent rate of single-person households, and the figure is 
growing. The singles make up a large market for fast food. 
Along with Ddner kebab and hamburgers, their favorite 
fare is pizza, deep-frozen or home-delivered. New events 
catering to this enthusiasm include Berlin’s PizzaTec (Jan. 
24-26). Other new “lifestyle” fairs include Essen’s 
Gourmet (Feb. 12-16). The specialist for such events, 
Munich's MMG, which has launched six of them over the 
past four years, is taking a break from the fair-launching 
business. Its only start-up in 1997 is a fashion fain 


Major 1997 Trade Fairs in Germany 


International Furniture Fa* 

Cologne 

Jan. 13-19 

IGW 

Berlin 

Jan. 17-26 

boot Dusseldorf 

Dusseldorf 

Jan. 18-26 .. 

International Toy Fair 

Nuremberg 

Jan. 31-Feb. 5 

Henen-Mode-Wocbe 

Cologne 

Jan. 31-Feb. 2 

UTECH 

Berlin 

Feb. 17-21 

KUNTEC 

Leipzig 

Feb. 19-22 

TerraTec 

Leipzig 

March 4-7 

1TB 

Berlin 

March 8-16 

CeBIT 

Hannover 

March 13-19 

Book Fair 

Leipzg 

March 20-23 

AUTO MOBIL INTERNATIONAL 

Leipzig 

April 5-13 

IDS 

Cologne 

April 8-12 

Hannover Fair Industry 

Hannover 

April 14-19 

Igedo 

Dusseldorf 

April 20-22 

AERO 

Friedrichshafen 

April 23-27 

INTERHQSPITAL 

Hannover 

June 38 

IMPRINTA 

DGsseldorf 

June 4-10 

ACHEMA 

Frankfort 

June 9-14 

P0PK0MM 

Cologne 

Aug. 14-17 

IRA 

Berlin 

Aug. 3QSept 1 

EMO 

Hannover 

Sept 10-17 

IAA 

Frankfurt 

Sept 11-21 . 

FacftPack 

Nuremberg 

Sept. 24-26 

Amiga 

Cologne 

Oct 11-16 

Book Fair 

Frankfort 

Oct 15-20 

Expophann 

Dusseldorf 

0CL1&19-: 

EBotechnfca 

Hannover 

Oct 21-23 . 7 \ 

REHA 

Dusseldorf 

Oct 22-25 

Systems 

Munich 

Oct 27-31 1 

A+A 

DGsseldorf . 

Nov. 4-7 ' 

Praductmtica 

Munich 

Nov. 11-14 . 

MEDIGA 

Dussefctorf 

Nov. 19-22 . 


designer furniture 
food industry 
yachts 
toys 

men's apparel 

environmental technologies 

plastics processing 

environmental technologies. 

tourism 1 

information and communication technaloges 

publishing 

automobiles 

dentistry 

capital goods 

women’s fashion 

aviation 

hospital supplies . . 

printing: . 

chemistry 
pop music 

communication technologies and products 

metd processing 

automobiles 


food industry 
publishing 
pharmaceuticals 
biotechnologies 


communication 

worKers safety • • - -■ 

electronic&based production 

medical supplies 


In addition to the above-mentioned evients, Messe Beilin 
is launching five other events, making it the “innovator of 
the year” among the country’s fair authorities. In attempt- 
ing to establish themsel ves, all of die country’s new' events 
will be facing the same odds — less than 50 percent of all 
new faira in Germany are stiff around after being staged 
three times. . 

These new events will increase the number of fairs of 
national and international importance to 133 in 1997, from 
129 in 1996. 

Germany’s major trade fair authorities are in the midst of 
a four-year, 4.5 billion Deutsche mark ($2.8 billion) pro- 
gram of capital investment. This.program will increase die 
amount of usable floor space by 6.7 percent, to ? 77 mil- 
lion square meters. Another beneficiary of this expenditure 
is toe fairgrounds’ communications and transport infra- 
structure. 

Virtual fairs, exhibitions comprising entire central busi- 
ness districts, events held in decommissioned industrial 
buildings and airports - all of the new-look venues now 
being used by Germany’s imaginative trade foir authorities 
have one thing in common. They don’t physically move. 

An exception is toe: ‘Elbe 2000” venue - two ships pre- 
senting the latest in marine technologies. To be held for the 
third time, this exhibition. Staged by Hamburg Messe und 
Congress, will be docked in Prague on Sept. 5-6, 1997 
before making its way downstream to Magdebuig, 
Saxony-Anhalt oh Sept. 12-3. 





* 




’Me** vaa 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 


PAGE II 


SPONSORED SECTION 


AND CONGRESSES IN GERMANY 




Finally, Who’s the Largest of Them All? 

Identifying The top ranker among German trade fairs is all a matter of how you count them. 


‘■*w<™*BK*omoklBXtndafain'kcw^ 


B erlin, Cologne, Diisseldorf. Frankfurt, 
Hannover and Munich all lay claim to 
being Germany's number-one trade fair 
venue. All have impressive statistics to back up 
their claim. In 1996, Hannover had the largest 
amount of floor spats available for rental. It also 
held tile world's two largest trade fairs (in terms 
of floor space and exhibitors): CeBIT and 
Hannover Fair Industry. Diisseldorf, meanwhile, 
recorded the largest annual turnover and the 
largest amount of gross space occupied 
Frankfurt, powered by the runaway success of 
its Book Fair, had the largest total number of 
g trade visitors and exhibitors in 1996. It also 
racked up the largest amount of net floor space 
rented. 

Cologne stages 25 flagship fairs, according to 
the city's authority the largest number in 
Germany. Munich, while not finishing first in 
| any of these categories, reports having the most 
j* top-three finishes among them, Berlin's 
International Tourism Bourse and International 
Green Week are said to be the single best-artend- 
5 ed of all the country’s events. 

Five other authorities have also legitimate 


number-one claims. Boosted by its unequaled 
pull within its catchment area - ’Germany’s new 
stares and bordering areas in Central and Eastern 
Europe - Leipzig is currently the fastest-grow- 
ing among the country’s major authorities. 
Hamburg and Essen report achieving the highest 
turnover and greatest number of events per 
square meter of floor space, respectively. 
Nuremberg has a rosier of number-one events in 
the toys, brewing and air-conditioning sectors. 
Building on the strengths of its local business 
community, Stuttgart has displayed a proclivity 
for developing high-tech fairs covering such 
leading edge areas as CAD/CAM-based design 
and microsystems. 

And moving right up... 

Led by upstart Friedrichshafen, a number of 
smaller-sized authorities have been trying to 
break into the big leagues via hot new events. 
Friedrichshafen’s calendar features such new 
and fast-moving events as AERO, Eurobike and 
ImerbooL 

Some 40 other authorities make a good living 
serving the needs of their local and regional 


business communities. "If you look at the fig- 
ures. very few of the so-called national and 
international trade fairs attract more than -0 per- 
cent to 30 percent of visitors and exhibitors out- 
side their own area.” says a longtime Ulm trade 
fair veteran. “At our fairs, exhibitors and visitors 
gel a relatively comprehensive overview of their 
particular industry, and they gel it within a short 
travel time and without having to make on 
overnight stay." 

Other trade fair authorities have successfully 
concentrated on technological niches. Karlsruhe 
and Freiburg hold a number of fairs covering the 
various areas of the environmental technologies 
sector. 

This description may give the impression that 
a Holy Roman Empire-like coexistence prevails 
in Germany's trade fair scene. But this is not the 
case. Many of the local authorities are vigorous- 
ly marketing their “event creation and manage- 
ment” services to facilities located elsewhere in 
Germany. Heckmann and other private organiz- 
ers constantly strive to develop new events in 
“open cities.” like Dresden, which lack puissant 
authorities of their own. 


Fair Authorities 
Look to Markets 




SSt - - ■ ■ 


Congresses: No Longer a Sideshow 

Bigger , ; better facilities are encouraging the growth of these related business gatherings. 

W hile Germany is Wolfram Svoboda, man- being the world's leading Leipziger Messe i 
number one in the aging director of Berlin's trade fair venue, didn't which commissior 
world in trade International Congress even make the rankings of new fairgrounds - c 


International outreach is the name of the game 
with the current focus on Asia. 


M esse Frankfurt, 

Frankfurt's trade 
fair authority, 
plans to increase the num- 
ber of shows it stages out- 
side Germany from 15 to 
*100 by the year 2004. 
$ Hamburg Messe und 
Congress is using ah ever- 
growing number of con- 
gresses, exhibitions and 
fair-in-fak participations - 
15 in 1997 - to work the 
East European and Asian 
markets. Messe Leipzig has 
blanketed die same areas 
with outreach offices hold- 
ing “fair preps," in which 
potential exhibitors are 
taught the Ins and outs of 
participating in internation-" 
al events. 

Even such wmsenrstiye** 
as K din Messe, whiai ias ■ 
long eschewed die by-now 
common practice or spirit 
rang off feeder and form- 
league events, seems to be 
joining the trend. Cologne's 
authority is set to team up 
with NOWEA, its counter- 
part in Dfisaftldorf and tong 
l one of the. country’s most 
expansion-minded authori- 
ties, to found an interna- 
tional event marketing sain. 

The reasons for these 
moves are obvious. 
Germany's trade foir calen- 
dar is already jam-packed. 
Only events serving. enrag- 
ing and regional needs, 
such as Leipzig's new-look 
line-up and Hannover’s 
successful premiere of 
CeBIT Home, have a 
chance of survival. The 
story is the same in Ihe rest , 
of Western Europe, where a 
whopping 4300 trade fairs 
are held, a figure rising at a 
rate of 7 percent annually. 


In Asia and the Americas, 
it’s an entirely different 
story. The economies , of 
South and Southeast Asia, 
including China, have been 
growing at an average' 
annual rate of 8 percent. 


for trade fobs. The number 
of Asian-based events has 
accordingly "■ been rising 
sharply, at an 11 percent 
clip, according to 
Germany’s Wirtschafts- 
Woche business weekly. 

The British factor 
This expansion represents 
an opportunity too large to 
be lot to the British multi- 
nationals, long the main 
oiganlzos of trade fobs in 
W’ r/tsiaj fiut -tb* 
Gentians' rash to joust with - 
the British has something 
of; a pre-emptive strike 
about it 

Although . they’ve 
expended years of effort 
and minions of pounds, the 
British have never really 
been able to crack the 
German market Now, after 
undergoing a wave of 
mergers, the British multi- 
nationals plan on using the 
profits gamed in Asia ror a 
new onslaught on the 
German market Or such, at 
least, is the. Germans’ fear. 

The British bring an 
impressive size and reach 
to the fray. In October, the 
Blenheim Group "merged 
with United News & 




ran ; 


TT viLL 


Cologne is setting up an ftitemethnal marketing arm. 


W hile Germany is 
number one in the 
world in trade 
furs, it ranks a surprising 
fourth or fifth in the CCC 
(congresses, conventions 
and conferences) area, 
depending on which inter- 
national organization is 
doing die ranking. 

Thick on the ground 
Germany's business com- 
munity, Europe's largest by 
far, is structured into hun- 
dreds of chambers, trade 
associations and other pro- 
fessional bodies, all with 
their own local chapters 
and subassociations. As 
each organization stages 
annual get-togethers, the 
country's CCC sector 
would seem to be assured 
of a built-in business sup- 
ply. 


Media's Freeman Miller 
subsidiary,, forming the 
sworUTf farg^ tovenpaqga- 
nizer, with total revenues of 
$888 million in 1995. This 
is twice the size of die 
Messe Diisseldorf group, 
the largest in Germany. The 
new giant organizes 260 
international events a year, 
three times as many as all 
of Germany’s authorities 
put together (counting 
those events outside 
Germany). 

U.S. showcases 
It’s a very different story in 
the . United States, which 
has largely remained the 
province of local organiz- 
ers, and where other factors 
besides rates of growth are 
proving irresistible to 
German organizers. 


North America’s incredi- 
bly productive high-tech 
A seniors have spawned 4 and 
are spawning - a larje 
number of new companies 
with exciting producLs. 
These are showcased at 
such events as Comdex and 
Wescon, making these U.S. 
trade fairs "must" events on 
.many German companies' 
calendars. 

Not prepared to beat the 
North Americans on their 
own turf, the Germans are 
joining them. For compa- 
nies wishing to exhibit at 
North American events, 
Germany’s trade fair 
authorities organize joint 
stands. 

They 'also offer complete 
travel packages for execu- 
tives planning to attend. the 
fairs. 


Wolfram Svoboda. man- 
aging director of Berlin's 
International Congress 
Center, long one of the 
world's prime venues in the 
CCC area, points out: 
“These figures generally 
comprise aB meetings, even 
those only involving a few 
dozen people getting 
together for social reasons. 
I'm sure if you only includ- 
ed major professional 
events - those attended by 
more than 100 participants 
and involving business, 
technical and academic 
subjects - Germany would 
have a leading position." 

The German CCC sector 
- with the notable excep- 
tions of Berlin and other 
major facilities - could be 
said to have suffered from 
benign neglect in the past. 
Frankfurt, with claims to 


being the world's leading 
trade fair venue, didn't 
even make the rankings of 
the world's 50 most impor- 
tant CCC sites. 

Spanking new facility 
The problem was the lack 
of a modem facility, recti- 
fied in November by the 
commissioning of the 
Congress Center Messe 
Frankfurt. With a capacity 
of 5,000, the new 15,000- 
square-meter facility is just 
one of a half-dozen now 
coming onstream in 
Germany. 

“The rankings make a 
distinction between trade 
fairs, where products and 
services are exhibited, and 
congresses, where ideas 
and information are 
exchanged,” says Rudolf 
Huber, spokesman for 


Leipziger Messe GmbH, 
which commissioned its 
new fairgrounds - contain- 
ing a futuristic congress 
center - in the spring of 
1996. "As this distinction is 
hopelessly outdated. I don’t 
think the rankings have all 
that much validity in 
today's world." 

He adds: “We're seeing a 
rapid convergence between 
the trade fair and congress 
sectors, and it's coming 
from both sides. Today’s 
trade fairs have on ever- 
greater amount of what I 
call ‘fairware’ - associated 
congresses, presentations 
and other get-togethers. 
Rather than making prod- 
uct presentations an 
appendage restricted to foy- 
ers, today's congresses gen- 
erally build in fiill-fiedged. 
in-depth exhibitions.” 






Useful 

Addresses 


Leipziger Messe GmbH 
'I'Messe-Ailee 1 
POB 100 720 
D-04007 Leipzig 
Tel.: (49 341) 678 81 SI 
Fax:(49 341)678 81 82 
Internee http^Avww.- 
leipziger-messe.de 

Lflbecker Musik- und 
CongressbaDen GmbH 

Willy-Brandt-Allee 10 
D-23554 Lubeck 
Tel.: (49 *451) 79 040 
Fax:(49451)79 04100 

Messe DfisseMorf 
DOsseldorfer MessegeselT 
schaft mbH NOWEA 
POB 101 606 
D-4G001 Diisseldorf 
TbL: (49211)45 60555 
Fax:(49 211)45 60 668 
Internet: ’ - 

http-ifwww.tradefair.de 


‘Tram Fades and 

was pwducediit its entirety 
by the Advertising Department 
of the Inlemadofud Herald 
Tiibune. 

Writer: Terry Swart&crg 
is a business writer based in 
Munich. 

Program director: 

• BittMahder. 




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iteralbSEEribunc 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 



RAGE 13 


$ 


Korean Unrest Casts 
A Shadow at OECD 

Was Seoul Let In Too Quickly? 


a 

& 


By Aiine Swardson 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — Some of foe most anxious 
^ors of the street pnS “ 
Seoul are half a world away, in a 
genteel quarter of Paris. 

. At the headquarters of the Orea- 
n«ahon for Economic Ctooperancm 
and Development, the exclusive club 
of nch nations that South Korea joined 
last month, officials are hoping fer- 
vently for a peaceful settlement to the- 
smkes. And not just because they dis- 
use tear-gassing. 

The 29 members of the OECD— the 
countries that hold nearly all the world's 
wealth and power — are in a pickle. 
They are facing the consequences of = 
having allowed, and encouraged, the 
entry of a new class of member. 

In the past two years. South Korea 
and three other formerly poor nations 

Mexico, Poland and Hungary — 
have joined what for two decades had 
been a bastion of the developed world. 
Some here fear that the case of South 
Korea, where the government rammed 
anti-labor laws through Parliament, 
shows that by admitting such countries 
before they have completed their tran- 
sitions to Western-style democracy, 
the organization has opened itself to 
embarrassment and internal strife. 

"‘Globalization has a political price 
that is not just paid by opening markets 
and deregulating,” the newspaper Le 
Monde said in a front-page editorial 
about the South Korean situation last, 
week. "It assumes respect for pro- 
cedures and principles that form the 
rules of the democratic game in in- 
dustrialized countries.” 

An American diplomatic source 
said, 1 ‘This will be a test of whether the 
OECD, by bringing these countries in, 
can orient them more toward the 
OECD model.” 

The organization has certain re- 


fer admission, most of 
concerned with reducing barriers 
to trade and investment, as well as 
Protecting the environment. But it has 
no formal requirement that labor Jaws 
meet international standards. 

When it joined. South Korea prom- 
*sed_ to * ‘reform existing laws and reg- 
ulations on industrial relations in line 
with internationally accepted stan- 
dards, including those concerning ba- 
sic hitman rights such as freedom -of 
. -association and collective bargain- 
ing," according to a letter from the 
foreign minister at thetnne. Gong Ro 
Myung, to the OECD secretary-gen- 
eral, DonaldJohnston. 

The organization declined to com- 
ment on the new labor laws until after a 
formal review Wednesday. Bin insiders 
said it seemed clear that Seoul had yet 
to fulfill the proraise in the later. 

In stead, on Dec. 26, the governing 
New Korea Party met in a secret pre- 
dawn session of die National Assembly 
with no opposition members present 
and enacted a major revision of the 
labor laws that {^ve companies the right 
to lay off workers and hire temporary 
. employees. Mr. Kim's government said 
the labor laws had been drawn up to 
meet its obligations to the organization. 
But it actually deferred compliance by 
putting off recognition of all but the 
govezmnent-sancomed Federation of 
Korea Trade Unions until 2002. 

While Seoul had promised no spe- 
cific dale for recognition of multiple 
unions, the Organization fix - Economic 
Cooperation and Devdoprnenl had 
been under the impression it was to 
occur quickly, and us trade union ad- 
visory committee condemned the law. 

A delegation from the committee 
spent (he past week in Seoul and left 
Thursday — reportedly under threat of 
deportation for siding with the unions 
. — . to return to Rim for an official 
review of the Korean situation. The 


South Korea became the 29th member of the OECD in December 
and is now hying to bring its economy into fine with the other members. 


South Korea ranked 24th In 1995 
among OECD members in terms of 
gross domestic product per person... 


$20,700 



OECD S. Korea • 


.Unemployment in 
South Korea was 
far tower in 1995 
than the average 
for OECD 
countries... 


8 . 6 % 


2 JJ% 


OECD S. Korea 




... but it ranked first in 
economic growth 
between 1990 and 1995. 

7.2% 


1.7% 


OECD S. Korea 

... and South 
Koreans worked 
longer hours per 
week than the 
average OECD 
worker in 1993 

49 hours 


39 hours 



But the living standard was Telephones 
still lower than the OECD available per 
average. Passengers cars 1,000 people in 
per 1,000 people in 1991: 1992: 

344 


OECD S. Korea 

Television sets 
available per 
1 ,000 people 
in 1993: 

398 




OECD S. Korea 



organization is unlikely to take formal 
action. 

"The OECD is not a policeman.” 
Mr. Johnston said. "It exercises its 
opinions on members through the peer 
review process,” meaning informal 
contacts among members. 


"What incentives would there be to 
improve if they were outside the 
club?” he asked. “I don’t see a down- 
side to letting South Korea in. and I see 
a substantial upside.” 

Kevin Sullivan in Tokyo contributed 
to this report. 


Italian Group Buys 
Banco di Napoli Stake 

BNL and INA to Recapitalize Bank 


Cta^drJ to Our F 'n»n D apavbn 

ROME — Istituto Nazionale delle 
Assicurazioni SpA and Banc a 
Nazionale del Lavoro SpA have won the 
auction to buy Banco di Napoli, ending 
the government's search for a buyer to 
boil out the unprofitable southern bank. 

Treasury Minister Carlo Azeglio 
Ciampi announced the results of the 
auction Saturday, saying INA and BNL 
would pay 61.6 billion lire ($39.6 mil- 
lion; for the 60 percent stake in the bank. 
He said the buyers also would inject 
fresh money into the bank, the largest 
south of Rome. 

The IN A- BNL consortium was ex- 
pected to win the auction, which at- 
tracted only one other bidder, Me- 
diocredico CencraJe SpA, a state- 
controlled medium-term lender. Mr. 
Ciampi said Mediocredito had not met 
all the conditions of the bid. 

The recently privatized INA and the 
stale-con trolled BNL are expected to take 
control of Banco di Napoli in March. 

The sale to INA and BNL should be 
the final chapter in what has been the 
costliest rescue in Italian banking his- 
tory. Last year, the Treasury injected 2 
trillion lire into the bank, winch has 
posted 5 trillion lire in losses since 1 993. 
and set up an entity that will guarantee 
1 2.4 trillion lire of its problem loans. 

Analysis predict that Napoli will post 
a loss of another 1.7 trillion lire in 1996. 
The government said any losses for 
1996 would have to be absorbed by 
BNL and INA. 

Banco di Napoli lost trillions of lire 
on loans made in the south of Italy. The 


losses prompted judicial investigations 
and lawsuits accusing former managers 
of the company of balance-sheet fraud, 
and of awarding loans on the basis of 
political connections. 

Mr. Ciampi launched the Banco di 
Napoli auction in October and said Sat- 
urday that he was disappointed that 
there had not been more outside interest 
in the sale. 

He said the BNL-INA offer repres- 
ented more than just a simple salvage 
operation; it was a development plan 
that would help the entire domestic 
banking market. 

"We weren't interested in simply 
saving the bank but in creating 
something new," Mr. Ciampi said. 

Banco di Napoli's director general, 
Federico Pepe. who has been implement- 
ing cost cuts and asset sales at the bank 
since he was brought in by the Treasury 
in June 1995. said, "INA is a strong 
institution and would be welcome." 

He added that he was confident the 
bank's new owners would ask him to 
stay on in his post. 

Banco di Napoli was present, as a 
lender, in some of the highesi-profile 
corporate disasters of the past few years. 
In addition, many of the bank's small 
and medium-sized business clients 
suffered from the troubled economy in 
southern Italy. 

The stake gives INA, which was 
privatized by the government in June, to 
sell insurance through Banco di Napoli's 
756 branches in southern Italy. The ac- 
quisition adds 44 trillion lire to BNL’s 
deposit base. (Bloomberg , Reuters ) 


Salomon and Fidelity 
Team Up on Stock Issues 



By Peter Truell 

New tori Times Service 


CuapSedhryOirSufffiltmD&iihct 

PARIS — -The bead ofode of 'the 
oldest French banks, which is due to be 
liquidated because of bad* property 
loans, was held hosiagety foe staff fora - 
third day Sundayvtfter talks with foe 
government failed to allay employees* 
fears over job losses. 

Hundreds ofworkers at Credit Fou- 
rier de France occupied foe , bank's 
headquarters and held its governor, 
Jerome Mcyssonnier, prisoner m an ef- 
fort to delay a government plan to dis- 
V mantie the bank it rescued frwncrilapse 
T lastyear. 

Finan ce Minister JeanArfoms sought 
to appease the employees Saturday 
night, saying "the door remains open ’ 
to any potential purchasers of the- 
troubled financial institution. 

But union leaders said they were dis- 
appointed with Mr. Aitbuis Ystance. An .. 


official of foepronSoriaiist CFDT hade 
union, Monique Bklault, said Sunday 
that a ^'magnifying glass ” would be 
needed to find : any 'riMicessions in’ Mr. 
Arthuis’s communique and that there 
was no breakthrough. 

. The' 145-year-old private bank ran 
into trouble last year-after posting a 1018 
billion franc ($2 billion) loss for 1995. 
After no buyer turned up to rescue the 
struggling institution, tiie French gov- 
ernment ordered a stale bank to take 
over Credit Fancier and announced 
plahsibr a breakup. 

The government said it was farced to 
act to prevent a bank collapse wreaking 
havoc in financial markets, where Cred- 
it Fonder was foe second largest issuer 
of bonds after the state. . 

Mr. Arthurs is proposing to spin off 
Crecfit Fbnrier’s housing loans ana com- 
mercial business to another group, the 


cooperatively nui Credit bnmobilier. 
which has pledged to take 1 ,500 staff. 

But unions are campaigning fora stay 
of execution for Credit Foncier, which 
currently employs 3300 people, in hope 
of finding a rescue partner prepared to 
keep it intact 

The staff began occupying the bank’s 
Paris headquarters Friday. It has since 
been joined by workers from provincial 
branches at Laval, Tours and Rennes. 

“It is a shame we have to occupy the 
building and hold the managers here,” a 
union leader, Alain Deleu, said Sunday. 
“We are doing this in a dignified way 
and we are working day by day to 
change things and win.” 

Union officials promised that a skel- 
eton service would be available to cli- 
ents when the baulk's branches reopen 
Monday, in a move designed to demon- 
strate the staff’s “responsibility” to- 


ward customers and to avoid **disor- 
ganizing"the bank. 

Mr. Arthuis said Saturday the gov- 
ernment would respect the employees’ 
interests and remained open to other 
options should another buyer for the 
troubled bank turn up. But it also had an 
obligation to French taxpayers, he said. 

Although Credit Foncier is private, 
its top managers have always been 
named by the state because of its stra- 
tegic role. Unions say it was these man- 
agers who "overloaded” the 1995 re- 
sults with provisions of 13.6 billion 
francs for reckless property dealings in 
the late 1980s. 

The standoff is a new test for Prime 
Minister Alain Juppe’s government, 
which is running a tight spending policy 
in the nm-up to one European currency. 

The government has repeatedly 
bowed to union protests, raising the 
question of whether it can stay the course 
with its austerity budget. Paris has said it 
would take 5 billion francs to keep the 
bank in one piece. (Reuters, AFP) 


NEW YORK — Fidelity Investment 
Co. and Salomon Brothers Inc. have 
announced a unique alliance that will 
give the giant mutual fund company 
better access to stock offerings and so- 
phisticated research and give the Wall 
Street firm an instant retail brokerage 
network. 

Under the arrangement. Fidelity, a 
provider of discount brokerage and other 
financial services, will distribute for 
three years its retail network stock of- 
ferings lead-managed by Salomon in re- 
turn for guaranteed access to Salomon’s 
equity offerings and research. Fidelity's 
retail brokerage and mutual fund op- 
erations have 6.1 million customers. 

The alliance, announced Friday, rep- 
resents a direct challenge to big broker- 
age firms, such as Merrill Lynch & Co., 
Smith Barney Inc. and PaineWebber 
Inc., which have traditionally domina- 
ted the retail market 

The deal should also allow Fidelity 
Brokerage Services Inc., the .discount 
retail brokerage unit, to break into the 
ranks of Wail Street firms that sell such 
issues, or at least the ones lead-managed 
by Salomon. It is thus likely to pose a 


challenge to the handful of firms that 
dominate that business. 

Under the agreement. Fidelity is 
guaranteed at least 10 percent of any 
equity offering lead-managed by Sa- 
lomon. Last year, Salomon ranked sixth 
as a lead manager in American equity 
underwritings. 

The alliance could pose some risks 
for each company. By breaking the es- 
tablished mold. Fidelity, part of FMR 
Corp.. and Salomon might offend some 
firms they currently do business with, 
although officials ai both companies 
denied that this was a concern. 

For example, Salomon deals with 
many mutual fund companies that might 
object to an arrangement that gives Fi- 
delity privileged access to Salomon's 
offerings. 

Also the exclusive nature of the re- 
lationship would presumably prevent 
either firm from forging similar rela- 
tionships with other parties. 

Still, analysts reacted positively to 
the plan, which was announced Biday. 

"Clearly Fidelity is a powerful dis- 
tributor and has access to a large pan of 
the retail market, 1 ’ she said. * 'It will cost 
Salomon less to access Fidelity's retail 
distribution system than to build its 
own." 


Sun’s Java: Can It Burn Microsoft? 


ByPaulFloren 

International Herald Tribune 

A lthough it seemed 
unlikely a . few 
months ago. Sun 
Microsystems fro, 
a U.S. producer off workstation 


jading candidate to break Mi- 
rosoft Corp.’s dominance 
iver the direction of software 
evelowneni. 

Sun s breakthrough did not 
ome from its popular line of 
/orkstatians, which is the 


company’s ..main business, 
hot from the powerful com- 
puter chips that iimakes. In- 
stead, Java, Sun’s computer 

tuali^any macb^^has foe 
potential to become the op- 
erating system of choice ip a 
world of neworks. 

Java lets computers work 
together even rf they are using 
different operating systems. 

■ A report from Forrester Re- 
search, which specializes in 
< -<<tT[ j w i rw~mrfngir y analysis, 
said that 58 percent of infor- 


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marion-technology executives 
"say Java poses a great threat 
to foe Microsofijmonopoly.” 
Sun got Java going m May 
1995 by HceiBing it toi Netscape 
Communications Carp-, an In- 
ternet browser software maker, 
through its JavaSoft unit 
Now, according to Alan 
Baratz, president of JavaSoft 
“It is orations that the industiy 
values foe principal tenet of 
Java: the ability to write pro- 
grams once and 
nave them ran any- 
where, regardless 
of the underlying 
operating system or 
nucroprocessar.” 
la December, 

JavaSoft, . Apple 
Computer Imx, ln- 
tprnati rural 
ness Machines 
Carp.. Netscape, 

Oracle Carp, and more than 
100 other companies high- 
lighted their commitment to 
the Java platform with then- 
support or foe "100% Pine 
Java” infliative, under which 
Java will be commercialized. 

Mr. Baratz said Java had 
now become "the de facto 
standard for foe development 
of cross-platform, network- 
based applications.” 

JavaSoft currently em- 
ploys 300 people and expects 
that number to double by the 
end of 1997. There are more 
than 1 million informal users 
of the language, and ah es- 
timated 200,000 serious Java 
software developers. 

Contntiy, about 35 percent 
of the sites on foe World Wide 
Web use lava. Small appli- 
cations written in Java, known 
as “sqtolets,” can be put on the 
Web tor access to everyone 
whether they are using UNIX, 


Apple or even 
the door to 


ancept of a network corn- 
ana establishes Java as 


of 


Windows, 

DOS. This 
the co 
puter 

choice for applications. 

International Data Corp. 
predicts that by 1999, sales of 
Java-based software compon- 
ents, the tools sold to de- 
velopers to make commercial 
Java applications, should ex- 
ceed $100 million per year. 
By 2000. Java 
components will 
have 750,000 com- 
mercial users and 
revenue of $300 
mifoon, foe com- 
pany predicted, 
-yy Since soaring 
'J/ from about $10 in 
May 1995, when 
Sun first ticensed 
Java, to more than 
$30 in May 1996, Sun’s stock 
has languished. But a stxonger- 
than-expected earnings repeat 
last week lifted the shares by 
more than 10 percent 
Sun's stoat mice closed 


Friday at $3L1 b 75, up from 
its dose of $28.25 on Wed- 
nesday. Sun said after the 
market dosed Wednesday 
that net profit for its second 
quarter ended Dec. 29 rose 42 
percent, to $1783 million, 
while revenue rose 19 per- 
cent, to $2.08 billion. 

Shoe Wang, an analyst at 
Smith Barney Inc-, says foe 
company is in a strong po- 
sition to benefit from the trend 
toward network-based com- 
puting because of its servers, 
■ its “flavor” of foe UNIX op- 
erating system for servers and 
foe promise that Java will be a 
good application platform. 

Internet address: 

CyberScape@iht. com 



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PAGE 14 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Bonds Put the Focus on Greenspan New international Bond issues 

A Compiled by Laurence Desvilettes 


Canpiifd tn Our Fmm Puptocha 

NEW YORK — With little economic 
data scheduled for release this week, 
bond-market action will be dictated by 
comments from the chairman of the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board. Alan Greenspan, and 
by new Treasury supply, analysis said. 

Mr. Greenspan is scheduled to address 
the Senate Budget Committee on Tues- 
day on the state of the U.S. economy. 

“Market participants will be partic- 
ularly eager to glean any news about the 
magnitude of the fourth-quarter gross 
domestic product,' ' said Kathleen Ca- 
milli, director of economic research at 
Tucker Anthony In New York. The GDP 
report is scheduled for release Jan. 31. 

"We would not underestimate the im- 
pact this speech may have on market 
sentiment.” 

Despite strong economic data last 
week, the benchmark 30-year Treasury 
bond yield ended at 6.82 percent on 
Friday, down from 6.84 percent, on sen- 


timent that the Fed would continue a 
steady course on interest rates because 
inflation remains In check. 

But concern about a strengthening 
economy increased last week after the 
Federal Reserve Board governor. 


U.S. CREDIT MARKETS 


Laurence Meyer, known for his accurate 
economic forecasts, warned that a tight 
labor market might cause inflation to 
accelerate, driving interest rates higher. 

Some analysts said Mr. Meyer’s com- 
ments appeared to have set the stage for 
Mr. Greenspan's testimony about the 
economy. 

*‘l’m more negative on the market” 
than in recent weeks, said John Burgess, 
a manager at Bankers Trust Global In- 
vestment Management in New York. 
"We're seeing nothing but exception- 
ally strong” growth in the economy. 

"Whaican Greenspan say to help the 


market?” Mr. Burgess said. “Growth is 
stronger and inflation is low, but we 
know that,” 

John Park, economist at Sanwa Se- 
curities, agreed that Mr. Greenspan’s 
appearance would be the “the most im- 
portant'’ news this week. 

“With the unexpectedly strong data” 
of the last month “a lot of people will be 
looking at what he says” regarding 
whether the strong data were “just a 
surge or the beginning of an up cycle,” 
Mr. Park said. 

Among the economic data for the 
week will be Wednesday’s release of 
U.S. December housing starts and the 
Federal Reserve System's so-called tan 
book on the economy. 

As for supply, the Treasuty will auc- 
tion $1725 billion two-year notes Wed- 
nesday and $12.5 billion in five-year 
notes Thursday. But analysts said the 
sales should not have much of an im- 
pact (Market News. Bloomberg) 


Most Active International Bonds 


The 250 most active International bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing Jan. 17. Prices suppSed by Tetekura. 


Rnk Name 

Cpo 

Maturity Price 

Yield 

Belgian Franc 

216 Belgium 

9 

03*2803 121.1400 

7X300 

Canadian Dollar 

153 Canada 

7 

1201.06 102.8018 

6.8100 

Danish Krone 

6 Denmark 

8 

03*15/06 111.3000 

7.1900 

17 Denmark 

9 

11/1500 114.6700 

7.8500 


8 

11/1501 112.0300 

7.1400 


7 

11/1507 >03X900 

6.7600 

34 Denmark 

9 

11/15/98 108.9300 

87600 

40 Denmark 

7 

12/1504 105,5300 

6.6300 

58 Denmark 

8 

05/1503 1120500 

7.1 400 

62 Denmark 

7 

11/10/24 96.3500 

72700 

63 Denmark 

6 

12/10.99 104X500 

5.7400 

70 Denmark 

6 

11/1502 103.0000 

58300 

83 Denmark 

7 

02/15*98 103-5400 

67600 

85 Denmark 

4 

02/1500 99.6500 

40100 

92 Denmark 

7 

08*15/97 101.7000 

68800 

132 Denmark 

6 

02/15/99 1041200 

5.7600 

211 Nykredlt 3 Cs 

6 

1001/26 88.1300 

6-8100 

Deutsche Mark 


Rnk Nome 


Cpa Maturity Price Yield 


112 Germany 
115 Germany 

120 Germany 

121 T mu hand 
123 Germany 

128 Treu hand 

133 Treuhand 
I34DS1 Rn 
137 Treuhand 
139 Be Credit Card 
141 Cap Credit Card 
144 Germany 
1 46 Treuhand 
154 Germany 
156 Germany 
159 Nordrhein Land 
161 Germany 
170 German States 
174 Germany 
177 Germany 
163 Germany 
201 Germany 
209 Germany 
213 Bayertsdre LB 
224 KFW 
233 Germany 
236 World Bank 
238 Germany 
239 Germany 

241 Spain 

242 Greece 
244 Spam 
249 Denmark 


7U 1021/02 
zero 04/1097 
8 03/20/97 
6 11/12/03 
05720/9 8 
6ft 06/25/98 
5ft 09/24/98 

6 01/15/07 

7 11725799 
6 11/15/05 

5ft 06/15/01 
5U 02/25/98 
5ft 04/29/99 
6ft 05/02/03 
6ft 05/20/99 
6 12/20*06 
2.995309/3004 
6ft 06/21/06 
8ft 01/2097 
5ft 08/2097 
6ft 02/24799 
8ft 05/22/00 
6ft 08/14/98 
06/03/05 
02/09/06 
02/2OV8 
7ft 04/12/05 
2.900004/0600 
7ft 02/21/00 
5ft 01/03/07 
6ft 11/13/06 
7ft 0004/03 
zero 02/1097 


6ft 

6 

6ft 


111.6967 

99.2877 

100.8100 

1043600 

104.1000 

104.0150 

103.7433 

9845089 

1003800 

102.1667 

103.5954 

1022400 

1046800 

108.1900 

1056500 

986100 

99.1500 

1026250 

100.0800 

1016000 

1066600 

1T4.7100 

104.7000 
1066500 
101.0500 
ICX2633 

109.7000 
996600 

111.1300 

98.0000 

101.7000 
1106000 

996090 


6.4900 

26800 

7.9400 
5.7400 
6.1200 
56900 
56200 
66900 
6,4300 
5.B700 
56300 
5.1300 
56800 
63400 
5.7900 
6.1100 
36200 
6.0900 
86700 
5.6700 
66300 
76300 
6.0900 
66400 

5.9400 
66500 
66900 
2.9100 
6.9700 
56700 
66400 
6.5600 

11.7900 


Dutch Guilder 


1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 

9 Germany 

10 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 

14 Treutiand 
16 Germany 

19 Germany 

20 Germany 

22 Treuhand 

23 Germany 

24 Treuhand 

26 Germany 

27 Germany 

28 Germany 

30 Germany 

31 Treuhand 

32 Treuhand 

33 Treuhand 

35 Germany 

36 Germany 

38 Germanv 

39 Treuhand 
4) Treuhand 

42 Germany 

43 Treuhand 

44 Germany 

45 Germany 
48 Germany 

50 Germany 

51 Treuhand 
53 Treuhand 

59 Germany 

60 Germany 
64 Germany 

66 Germany 

67 Germany 

68 Germany 

69 Germany 

72 Germany 

73 Germany 

76 Germany 

77 Treuhand 

78 Treuhand 

79 Germany 

80 Germany 
82 Germany 
87 Germany 

89 Germany 

90 Germany 
93 Germany 
95 Germany 
97 Germany 

102 Germany 

103 Germany 

104 Germany 
>05 Germany 
108 Treuhand 


6ft 04/26/06 104.0329 6.0100 
6 01/0407 102.1957 5.8700 
6ft 1014/05 1058100 6.1400 
8 01/21/02 114.6125 6.9800 
6 01/05/06 1022600 58700 
67't 05/I2/05 108.6500 6.3300 
7ft 01/03405 111.9700 68900 
8ft 09/20/01 115.1667 7.1600 
5 08/20/01 102.7467 48700 

5 05/21/01 102.6700 48600 

8 07/22/02 1152633 6.9400 
715 (W09/04 112.7900 6.6500 
3ft 12718/98 100.2300 3.4900 

6 0216/06 102.1250 53800 
3ft 09/18/98 100,3400 3.4900 
6ft 07/09/03 108.0850 6-1300 
6ft 01/0424 958833 68200 
7W 01,79/03 110.9360 6.4200 
8ft 02/20/01 1152100 78800 
8ft 06/2001 117.1300 7.4700 
8ft 12/20/00 1163525 78300 
5ft 02*21/01 1016050 53700 
6ft 06/11/03 1098050 6-2800 
6ft 04/23/03 1078400 6.0400 
7ft 12/02*02 112-2300 68700 
5ft 11/21/00 103.4000 4.9600 
5ft 06/22/00 1058067 5.4500 
Bft 07/20/00 115.0600 78000 
6ft 05/13/04 108-3950 6.2300 
6ft 07/01/99 1068000 5.9900 
7ft 11/11/04 1128480 6.6500 
7ft 1Q/01/D2 113.9900 6.8000 
6ft 07/15/03 1078200 6.0500 
5ft 05/15/00 1058600 58500 
6ft 0422/03 108.9400 68000 
Bft 05/21/01 1158800 72600 
6ft 03/04/04 1058900 5.9200 
6ft 07/29/99 106.3800 58800 

9 1Q/2Q/00 116.3800 7.7300 

6ft 03/15/00 1078833 6.0400 
7ft 1 0/20/97 103.0350 7.0400 
6ft 07/15/04 108.4100 62300 
0ft 07/21/97 1028500 8.0400 
6ft 09715*99 107.9000 62600 

9 01/22/01 116.9840 78900 

7 ’ 12/22/97 1038000 6.7600 

7ft 10/20/97 1032100 7J700 
5ft 08/20/90 1038400 58400 
5 12/17/98 1038075 48500 

5 01/14*99 103.0625 4.8500 

6 09/15/03 1058667 5.7100 

8ft 08/21/00 114.45 7.4300 

6 0420/1 6 9582B8 68B00 

7ft 12/20/02 111.1000 6.4100 
5ft 02722799 104.0033 5.1700 
5ft 11/20/97 101.7450 11600 
5ft 10*20/98 103J017 5.0800 
6ft 01/20/98 1038100 68100 

8 05/02/02 114.3500 7.0000 
6ft 12/02/98 1068900 6.4700 

6 02/20/98 103.0067 58200 

7 01/13/00 1 08.9883 6.4200 

8 09/22/97 1032000 7.7500 
6ft 03*24/98 103.4000 5.9200 


25 Netherlands 

6ft 

46 Netherlands 

6 

84 Netherlands 

9 

86 Netherlands 

7ft 

96 Netherlands 

5ft 

99 Netherlands 

7 

100 Netherlands 

8ft 

101 Netherlands 

7ft 

107 Netherlands 

5ft 

109 Netherlands 

8ft 

110 Netherlands 

6ft 

111 Netherlands 

7 

116 Netherlands 

8ft 

125 Netherlands 

8'A 

136 Netherlands 

Tft 

142 Netherlands 

9 

147 Netherlands 

Bft 

151 Netherlands 

6ft 

167 Netherlands 

7 

168 Netherlands 

8ft 

179 Netherlands 

8ft 

196 Netherlands 

8ft 

203 Netherlands 

Aft 

206 Netherlands 

7ft 

227 Netherlands 

7ft 

231 Netherlands 

zero 

234 Netherlands 

6ft 


07/18*98 104.2000 48000 
01/15/06 1032000 58100 
01/15/01 117.0200 78900 
01/15/23 113.90 68800 

O1/1&04 1011500 15700 
03/15/99 107.1000 65400 
09/15/01 1175000 7.4400 
04/15/10 1144800 65400 
09/15/02 1045300 55000 
02/15/07 1194500 6.9000 
1 1/15/05 108-3000 68300 
06/15/05 110.0500 43600 
06/15/02 1165500 78800 
02/15/00 1123500 78400 
03/01/05 115 6.7400 

05/15/00 1 15ft 7.8100 

06/01/06 120.9000 7.0300 
04/15/03 107.9600 48200 
02/15*03 110.70 48200 

03/15/01 115ft 78600 

05/01/00 1148000 74600 
02/15/02 116.0500 7.1100 
07/15/98 1045000 42200 
06/15/99 1088000 48900 
ltVOl/04 111.9500 44800 
03727/97 988186 43000 
02/15/99 1044300 43400 


ECU 


49 France OAT 
94 Britain 

113 France OAT 

114 France OAT 
122 UK T»note 

129 France B.TA.N. 
140 France B.TJLN. 
145 France OAT 
158UKT-nale 
160 France B.T.A.N. 
191 France OAT 
219 France OAT 


7 04/25/06 
9ft 02/21/01 
9ft 04/25*00 
6ft 04/2502 
01/26/99 
03/16/01 
03*14*99 
04/25/04 
01/27/98 
03/14*98 
04*2505 
04/25/22 


5 

6 

5 

6 
8 

7ft 

7ft 

8ft 


1078500 

115ft 

11520 

1078000 

1015800 

104.7375 

1014133 

1028000 

1038300 

1038950 

1118 

115-4117 


45200 

7.9000 

88500 

42700 

4.9200 

57300 

4.9100 

58400 

7.7000 

7.0100 

6.7200 

7.1500 


French Franc 


165 France OAT 8ft 11/25/02 118.9500 7.1500 

169 France B.T-A.M. 5ft 03/12/98 1028000 55900 

190 France OAT 8ft 05/25*99 110.1900 78700 

202 France OAT 6ft 10/25*06 1068900 40800 

204 France OAT 5ft 04/25/04 1024300 58900 

21B France OAT SP zero 04/25/23 140300 73100 

228 France OAT 6ft 10/2503 109.9500 41400 

232 France OAT 7ft 04/25(05 114.0500 45800 

246 France B.T.A.N. 7ft 04/12/00 1118900 49400 

248 France OAT 6ft 10*25*04 109.4400 41700 


Italian Lira 


194 Italy 10ft 07/15*98 105.7500 9.9300 

214 Italy 8U 07701/99 1049200 7.8600 

220 Italy 10ft 07/15/00 112.8000 98100 


Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price YMd 


Japanese Yen 


181 Mitsubishi Rn Tft 07/13/98 1005254 1.4900 
188 Spalh 3.100009/20/06 103.6250 2.9900 

225 World Bank S'* 03*2002 117ft 4X600 

235 World Bank 4ft 06/20/00 11116 44400 


Spanish Peseta 


86 Spain 880 04/3006 11480B0 7.7000 

135 Spain 8 05730/04 1095890 73000 

148 Spain 10.10 02/28/01 1159720 8.7100 

149 Spain 10ft 10/3<V03 122.9800 88400 

176 Spain 8.40 04/3001 1108460 78200 


Swedish Krona 


61 Sweden 
117 Sweden 1036 
152 Sweden 

162 Sweden 

163 Sweden 1037 
166 Sweden 

186 Sweden Tbllls 


tl 01/21/9*9 1128030 9.7700 
10U 05/05/00 1141090 88300 
6 02/09/05 988020 41100 

10ft 0505(03 122.7260 88500 
8 08715707 1112730 72500 

13 06/15/01 1298880104300 
zero 04/16/97 98.4778 43500 


U.S. Dollar 

11 Brazil Cap S.L 4ft 0415/14 808392 58800 

15 Argentina FRNL 6ft 03/29705 87.6002 73600 

18 Argentina par L 5ft 03*31/23 648000 8.1400 

37 Brazil L 6ft 04/15/06 898870 78700 

47 Brazil S.L 6ti* 04/15/12 7B.6120 88500 

52 //lexica lift 0595*26 108.0000 106500 

54 Brazil pa rZl 5 04/15/24 63.7880 74400 

55 Brazil 6ft 01/01/01 984010 46300 

56 Mexico 9ft 01/15/07 101-3750 9J400 

87 Venezuela S. Dl 6ft 12/1807 87.0000 7,4700 

65 Venezuela par A 6ft 03/31/20 778313 8.7100 

71 Mexico par B 6ft 12/31/19 748120 88900 

74 Brazil S.ZI 6ft 04/15*24 798750 8.1700 

75 Bulgaria 6V» 07/28711 514125 12.9100 

81 Mexico 7*» 08/0401 101.0000 7.4900 

91 Mexico par A 6ft 12/31/19 748208 88900 

98 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 934750 78200 

106 Brazil Cbond S.L 4ft 04*15*14 8X1177 5.4100 


110 Mexico D 
119 Bulgaria 
124 Bulgaria 
126 Ecuador 
127Brazl S.L 

130 Argentina L 

131 Ecuador par 
138 Ministry Russio 
143 Mexico 

150 Argentina 
155 Argentina 
1 57 Wachovia Bk 
T64 Sweden 

171 Mexico A 

172 Canada 

173 Ecuador 
175 MydfO Trust 


4351612/28/19 894811 7.0700 
6ta* 07/28*24 57.1250 11 J1 00 
2ft 07/78*12 388433 54400 
3 02/28/15 648431 4.4900 
6V* 04*1509 84.1750 74000 
6% 03/31/23 808750 7.9300 
3ft 02/28/25 447500 49500 
9ft 11/27/01 941250 98200 
lift 09/15/16107.0000108300 
5V* 04/01/01 1258500 48400 
II 1009/06 102.000010.7800 
7 IQ/17/08 998500 74500 
zero 04*30*97 98X500 58300 
4453112/31/19 89X500 78100 
6ft 05/3001 1008000 44700 
6ft 02/28*25 728125 8.9900 
4 'ft* 09/15*07 89.9994 7X300 


178 Korea Elec Pwr 6ft 12AHAJ3 947500 45900 
180 IBRD 5880009/27/99 998512 SJ100 

182 Poland 4 10/27/14 840000 47600 

184 Korea DevBk 6ft 11/21/03 988000 47300 

185 EIB 7ft 09/18*06 1028250 6.9400 

187 Mexico B 6ft 12/31/19 88.7096 7.1900 

189 Nigeria 6ft 11/15/20 67.9900 9.1900 

192 Poland 6ft 10*27/24 988500 46KW 

193 EIB zero 11/06*26 13 7.0800 

195 MBL Inti Rn 3 11/30/02 1014750 2.9400 

197 Bca Com Ext. 7ft 02/02/04 89.0000 8.1500 

198 Ass. N_Amer Sr6 6ft 10*31/01 99.7500 47700 

199 Britain 5V* 1O0401 994000 58200 

200 Italy 7 09/1801 1018000 49000 

205 Sweden 4ft 03*24/99 974000 46400 

207 Venezuela par B 6ft 03*31/20 778250 17000 

208 Fed Rep Brazil 8ft 11/0501 99.7500 80000 

210 Panama pdl 6*t 07/17/16 818750 84600 

212 Bayerisdie LB 6ft 11/1901 994750 68100 

215Argent Sanex 895645512/28/99 347500 183600 
217 Credit Lyonnais 6ft 12/31/99 988800 47300 

221 World Bank 7ft 01/19/23 1054750 78000 

222 Mexico C 6ft 12/31/19 894375 7.1000 

223 Italy 5331306728/01 1010900 53300 

226 Argentina S"/* 09/01/02 109.6000 5.1900 

229 Sweden 5ft 02*0801 99.9600 58800 

230 Ontario 7ft 06*04/02 1058500 78600 

237 Bk Horn Scotia 5.4727 12/14*99 994100 5X800 
240 Argentina 6ft 03*2905 85.7777 7J200 

243 World Bank 8ft 1001*99 1043750 74700 

245 Ontario 6ft 06/2800 998000 41600 

247 W»td Bonk 6ft 08721/06 993750 6.6700 

250 Britain 6ft 07/19/01 1018500 68700 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Jan. 2024 


A scfwduta of mis mak's xenons artf finjrKzrt trwnt:., campOed hx the Inlmnebonei Harakl Tribune by EUoomberg Badness News. 

Expected 
This Week 

Asia-Pacific 

Beppu, Japan: Prime Minister Ryu- 
taro Hashimoto of Japan and Pres- 
ident Kim Young Sam of South Ko- 
rea meet. Saturday to Sunday. 
Tokyo: The Ministry of Finance 
holds a meeting of regional bureau 
heads Wednesday and Thursday. 

Europe 

Bern: Swiss Customs Office is ex- 
pected to release December trade 
figures for December and 1996. 
Paris: Amoco Power Resources 
holds "Emerging Market Projects 
Conference" Wednesday to Friday. 
Earnings expected: Keramik Hold- 
ing AG Laulen. 

Americas 

Buenos Aires: Latin American Eco- 
nomic Research Foundation's esti- 
mate of Argentina's industrial pro- 
duction for December. 

Dallas: Frost & Sullivan sponsors 
the Annual Outlook for Mobile Com- 
munications Industry Conference 
Wednesday and Thursday. 

Monday 
Jan. 20 

Tokyo: Parliament starts its regular 
session; Honda Motor Co., Toyota 
Motor Corp- Nissan Motor Co.. Mit- 
subishi Motors Corp., and Mazda 
Motor Co. announce sales and pro- 
duction figures for December and 
the year. 

Paris: Eurotunnel presents an 
overview of its 1996 activities and 
1997 outlook. 

Stockholm: November trade data. 
Voorburg, Netherlands: Septem- 
ber foreign trade and November in- 
dustrial production figures. 

Houston: Global Marine Inc. pre- 
sents annual report and outlook for 
worldwide contract drilling industry. 
Mexico City: December unemploy- 
ment rate. 

Ottawa: November survey of man- 
ufacturing. 

Tuesday 
Jan. 21 

Tokyo: Federation of Electric Power 
Companies release's figures on elec- 
tricity demand in December final 
figures on industrial production In 
November; Suzuki Motor Co. holds 
a press conference on production 
and sales outlook for this year. 

Copenhagen: December consumer 
prices. 

Istanbul: Supreme Court is expect- 
ed to issue a ruling about the le- 
gality of the safe of the state-owned 
telecommunications company, Turk 
Telecom. 

New York: Johnson Red book re- 
search service's weekly survey of 
sales at more than 20 U.S. stores. 
Washington: Federal Reserve 
Board Chairman Alan Greenspan 
testifies before the Senate Budget 
Committee on state of the economy. 


Wednesday Tokyo: Nissan Diesel Motor Co.'s 
Jan. 22 president, Masayuki Saito, holds a 
press conference on production and 
sales outlook for this year. 


Dublin: Department of Finance pub- 
lishes 1997 budget. 

London: November retail sales. 
Paris: November industrial produc- 
tion report. 

Vienna: December consumer price 
report 


Washington: Mortgage Bankers As- 
sociation of America releases week- 
ly report on mortgage applications; 
Commerce Department releases De- 
cember housing starts; Federal Re- 
sen/e System releases so-cailed tan 
book of regional activity. 


Amount Coup. Price 

Issuer OnBfions] Mot % Price end - Tow 


week ^ 

Floating Rote Notes 

Bankers Trust New York 

$250 

2002 

0.70 

99072 

— 

OierSHnontaLftflf. 

MmtttaJ - 

Bear Steams Cos. 

$250 

2002 

Vi* 

99 J 73 

— 

OwrSknonta Ubot. GofcbfefltMr bum 1999 .Fees 025 ft DWWitauUuiiiSlIWJM- W™ 
Steamlnru 

Bombardier Receivables 
Master Trust 

$400 

2003 

0.12 

open 

— 

(>wl-ftwnta Ubw. /Wiroue Bfc 5 y 8 ora.Fei OJOft- W 0 - MOTBonSutuiltteJ 

Chase Capital II 

3500 

2027 

Vi 

98028 

— 

Qver 3 -rowil|i Ubor. NoncaflaHa prhwta ptaoetnwiL Poes 1 %- CGoMmon Sachs torU 

Ford Motor Credit 

$750 

2002 

h 

99047 

— 

Ow 3 +ruHTiti Ltoor. NoaaslabJe. CL*n™n flroHier* IrtU 

MBNA Global Capital 
Securities 

$280 

$100 

2027 

1998 

0.80 

Hbor 

98052 

99.97 


Over fr-ftwtai Ubor. CoitoWeal Bor taxn 2007 . Fee* mtf dttetJiM. 

Maw rn 1 M Itw 3 -manlh Ltaor. NoneafinMe. Few rwi dHdosrt. (Ow» Manhattan Into 

New York aty 

$300 

2002 

ft 

99.91 

- 

Ower 3 -nnantti Ltaar. Sinking tUod ta start ta 1998 . Fees 030 ft DenorntaOtUxis S 1 WWL 
(GatafflonSadsMt) 

Robert Fleming Capital 

$200 

2000 

ao 7 

99.977 

— 

Ows- 3 -mcnfc Libor- NonatfJobta. Foes at 35 %. fSotomon Bntawa mOJ 

SMM Company 

$266 

1999 

006 

100.00 

— 

. Owr>TBoitth LBior. NoncoBgbte. Fte* no* dbdaswL Denomtaottaw * 100000 . U 0 .MWU^I 
Seouitnes) 

Sumitomo Construction 

*100 

2002 

0.17 

100.00 

— 

Ov«r 6 -montti Ubor. Nonadtafata primtaptaceowit Fe« mXdtactassdOwiiwwnnaK^ 

Aftgemeine 
Hypattie ken bank 

DM 500 

2002 

llbor 

100.15 

— 

Irtwwr w« ba tt» Unoaft Ubor. Nonariktata Fe*s tlS%. {Vtetdeursd* Lnndeaoai*J 

SMM Company 

DM 325 

1999 

006 

10000 

- 

Ov«r 3 «o«h Ubor. Noncoitabte. Fere not; ctadoswk Few 10 OM 0 qwlts. OP-»onniiu 

Fixed-Coupons 

ABB Inti Finance 

$350 

2000 

6 % 

101.1575 10008 

Reoffend ot 99 J? 7 . NoocoBobte. Fees 1 %%. ISBCWortwryJ 

Abbey National Treasury 
Services 

$250 

2000 

6 ft 

100097 

99.69 

Reonered at 99 . 722 . Noncofcbte. Fimqfcle wdh outstandtao ls*ufti*ta 9 taWanwort »»50 
OMan. Fees 1 taflb. CBC WartwigO 

ABN-AMRO Australia 

$200 

2000 

6 ft 

100098 

9908 

RHHeradat 9 »Jtl. NoncaBaMe. Fees 1 Wfc (ABN-AMRO Hoare GorettJ 

Asset Backed Capital 

$100 

1999 

6 ft 

101004 

— 

ttaolftred at 100X1 fit Nonoallcftft FtmsfctaeltaowtstaTKflna bsu&raWngtatalanoontta | 

5350 entaion. FMs 14 %. (CS First OastonJ 

Banco Bradesco 

$100 

2000 

8 

99.961 

— 

Seratonnuaftr. NoncnBaUe. Fees 0 - 50 %- Dfsnomlnotkjra SIOOOO. UP.MoiwnSecwOesJ 

Banco Comerclal 

$100 

2007 

10 

99065 

— 

Semtamually. Nanctatabta. Fen OJTSSL Dmamtaattow SKW 00 . (Q RntSastanj 

Bayerische Landesanstolt 
fuer AirfbauflnanzJerung 

5200 

2001 

6 ft 

101.113 

9901 

Reoffored at 99 . 713 . NoncofiaWe. FMs 1 ft%. (SadMe GemrateJ 

Citibank Credit Card Master 
Trust 

$250 

2002 

m 

99348 

9935 

Awerese ttt xyaais. Fees atSTSK. (UB 5 J 

Deutsche Bank Finance 

$500 

2001 

6 ft 

101.19 

10005 

RcoReied at V 9 JV. NancoBaUe. Fees (Doutsctw Marpan Granted) 

Dresdner Bank 

$250 

2000 

5 ft 

99.725 

9808 

Reoffend at 9 B 5375 . NancaBabie. Fees 1 W<>. (Dresdner Klefnwnrt BensonJ 

DSL 

$300 

2001 

6 ft 

101.16 

9906 

Reoffored at W 36. Nanadalita. Foes iftft Wamtira WU 

Ericsson (LMJ 

$250 

2002 

6 ft 

101063 

10000 

Reoffend at 99 J 8 B. Noncalfatile- Fees INAL. (ABM-AMRO Haare GawttJ 

Federal National Mortgage 
Association 

SI, 000 

2002 

6 ft 

99063 

— 

NoncaUtdde. Fees 025 %. Deoominidkins SICWOO. (M«>UI Lynch Inti) 

Finnish Export Credit 

$200 

2001 

6 ft 

101.13 

99.82 

ReoRand at WJ 3 . NaraUatiie. Fees nor dtadosad. (Dahn EuropeJ 

Ford Brazil 

$200 

2007 

9 ft 

99012 

— 

ScndonsmoOr- Redeemable at par in 2003 . Fees 07 S%.DflnorsiliKriIans $ 1 0000 . (ABN-AMRO 
HoanGoMU 

General Electric Capital 

Corp- 

$250 

2001 

6 ft 

100.99 

9901 

ReafTend at 9909 . Nancaflatrie. Foes 1 ft%. (SBC WarbuigJ 

Hamburg ische Landes bank 

$200 

2000 

6 ft 

1000225 9903 

ReofteM at 99 XM. NaoaiBable- Fe« lftft (UBSJ 

Inti Finance Corp- 

$100 

2000 

5 X 8 

10000 

— 

SemkmmjcBy. KcacalUdde. Fees U 4 %- (OBCWood Gundrl 

Kellogg 

$500 

2004 

6 ft 

101045 

9908 

Reoffend at WX 7 . Noncaflabta. Fees I It*. (GoMraaoSarfalnrtJ 

KFW Inti Finance 

$250 

2003 

6 ft 

10100 

100.10 

Reoffered at 99 J 0 . NancaBabie. Fees HWL (CommenbankJ ^ 

Kredietbank inW Finance 

$200 

1999 

6 ft 

10100 

9906 

Reoffend at par. NenaSaMe. Fees IWfc. (Nomura InfU 

Rabobank Australia 

$150 

2001 

3 ft 

91.115 

8902 

Reoffend or 89715 . Moncodoble. FBes UWL. (UBSJ 

Sweden 

$200 

2000 

6 ft 

100077 

9907 

Reoffend at 99 X 77 . NancntoWe. Fungible wtti outstandtag bsue, raising total amount to S 5 D 0 
msnoa. Fees 1 W%. (Banque Partbo# Capita) MartnsJ 

Tokyo Electric Power 

$1000 

2007 

7 

99.758 

— 

NoncoOobfe. Fees ( 025 %. (Gaidman Sachs mtU 

Denmark 

DM500 

2002 

4 ft 

101366 

99J5 

Reoffendaf 99 Jl 4 . NaneaflabtaL Fees 7%. 1(3 Href OostonJ 

European Investment Bonk 

DM 300 

2001 

4 ft 

101.02 

99.75 

Reoffered at 99 X 7 . NancaBabie. Fees l\k%- (CS RntBastaoj 

KFW Inti Finance 

DM 500 

2002 

zero 

8107 

7905 

413 ft Rnriftrad at 7902 . NoaaOUabta. Pracwd» 4 aonnianawks. Fees 2 K. (DeatsOM 
Morgan GrenfcflJ 

Lnndwirischcfiflehe 
Renten bank 

DM 250 

2002 

5 

101044 

““ 

Reoffend OMOO 094 Nanataable. Fees 2 ft (ABliXUMROHaan GawttJ 

Abbey National T reasury 
Services 

£100 

2000 

7 ft 

10100 

— 

Interest WO bo 7 ftft im« 199 R when Issue Is caltablerdpab ttiena!ler 7 Wft Reatfered at 
QOO< u^nwhlff F—imw n>nnmWiH>m«-CirK\mL tSwlnman BnOKH Inftl 

General Electric Gapftal 
Corp- 

£50 

1999 

6 ft 

IOO 07 O 5 

— 

RenfamU of 99 . 183 . Nonatanble. RmgRife irfllfi ouatandlng tetra. rabtna tvtul amount tofTiO 
rnOHon. Fees IWft (ABN-AMRO Hoiw Gawett) 

Halifax Bulkling Society 

£200 

2021 

9 % 

107 X 44 

— 

NancaBabie. FuagbiewNti outstanding b 5 ufcrahtogio*idamoieiMo£ 500 nimon. Fees 0425 ft 
Dorjomfrratlom £ 10000 . (SBC wartwr^.] 

Helaba Inti Finance 

£200 

2002 

7 ft 

10103 

— 

Reoffend at 9940 S. NanaSaMe. Fees IWft (CS Ftrat BastaaJ 

IGngftsher 

£200 

2007 

8 ft 

99JST 

— 

CidtaMa at par Jn 200 &. Fees 0 . 375 %. (HSBCMartoetaJ .. 

SuedWest LB Capital 
Markets 

£200 

2000 

7 ft 

10000 


Inferest «rtHbe 7 W%unlfl 1999 , whan issue Is ataable at par. thereafter 741 ft Flies 0.10ft 1 
(HSBCMnfeetsJ 

Austria 

FF 50 OO 

2004 

5 ft 

103093 

— 

NancoMta. Fees l?Vft (Catoedes Depot etConstonidfonO 

Federal Home Loan 
Mortgage Carp. 

FFIjOOO 

2007 

400 

10000 


Interest wffl be 440 % unW 3002 , taaeafler the TEG -10 Index less O 90 i NanataaWe. Fees 
0325 ft (Cntssedes Donats etConsfgnanonsJ ^ 

Sweden 

FF 500 

2007 

400 

10100 

— 

Interest wtB be 480 % unO 2001 Ihenatlff Itw TEG -1 0 Indnt teas 009 . NoncoBahte. Fees 2 ft 
(Deutsche MonxnGrenMU > 

Abbey National Treasury 
Services 

ITL 25 O 0 GC 

2007 

8 

10005 

9935 

lnlen»fwMbe8%uidlI20gZ.eitimteoettcnBgbt>arpactfiieultar2tftlewliWoBt»iel^ 
month Ubor. Fees 2 ft (Banco CoramerdateBoBanaJ .*;• 

Banco Natiortiri de 
DesenvoMmlenta 

1 TL 5 OO 0 OO 

2002 

8 ft 

10007 

— 

Reoflered ( 499 J 2 . Nanadbdde. Fees IWft (Cretflfo IfaBanoJ * 

BGB Finance Ireland 

1 TL 200000 

2007 

9 

101 X 25 

— 

Interest wfl! be 9 » urtfl 2001 , thereafter 19 W% tassraice fee 5 +nonth Ubor.ReotaedatW*. 
Nancslabft Feee 2 ft (Qedlta tianainj 

Credit Local de France 

iTLmooo 

2007 

7 ft 

101045 

9905 

Noocafabte. Fees 2 ft (OedtaltatlmwJ . . 

Deutsche Finance 

ITL 1 000000 

2032 

zero 

805 

8.10 

Ytehl 74 fift Reoffered at 0225 . NancaBabie. Fungible with wtstamOng ms rabtngiotaitace 
aaiountta 3 trWor Bra. Fees IL 2 S%. (Deutsche Morgan GrenfeBj 

European Investment Bank 

iTLmooo 

2002 

6-20 

101 006 

99.95 

NancaUaUe. Fees Ibtft (Cnrffla ttaflancO 

European Investment Bank 

ITL 75 O 0 OO 

2007 

7 

101 J 32 

10000 

NoncattaMe. Fees lWft (Banqae Nrritamle de ParisJ 

Landwirtschafttiche 

Rentenbank 

ITL 3 OO 0 QO 

2007 

10 

101.10 

• . 

Interest wB be 10 % onto 200 ft WticrrtsaaetsadtaMe of pita BMnaBerl 9 W% less ■ 
month Ubor Reofiered 0 ( 99 x 25 . Fees 2 ft (Credtta UaHanaJ .' r, : k , . 

LB Rheinland Pftzfe 

(TL 200000 

2007 

7.15 

10100 

99-55 

NoaaStoWe. Fees 2 ft ICart&aJ . 

Japan Finance Corp- for 
Municipal Enterprises 

DF 300 

2007 

5 ft 

100049 

99 X 0 

ReoRend td 99274 NoncaBaMe. Fees 2 ft 0 NG BarinpsJ 

- , • ’ * O* ' 

NIB 

ECU 75 

2005 

4 ft. 

101.90 

— 

Interest will be 4 W%unlfl 1999 , 5 % unlS 2002 # iheRafler 8 ft NonOaMabte. Fees 2 ft 

(KittSetbaokJ . 

Bayerische Vereinsbank 
Overseas 

CzK&OOO 

1999 

10 ft 

10005 . 

9900 

Reoffered at 9950 . NancaOcMe. Fees 1 wft (Bayertsdw Ventasbankj 

Western Australia Treasury 

AUSS 200 

2000 

6 

100.138 

— 

SemlannuaBy. NancoBabta Fees 1 ftft (Noneira tatt) 

Swedish Export Credit 

m«w 

T 999 

6.70 

70000 


Semlamaafr.NoriadlabtaiirtiiafeptaagnienLReifempItoaafiiMfurfiywMbetnNmrZMBed. 
Mats. Fees not dbetased. QCokusal EunpeJ / 

Swedish Export Credit 

Y 2 O 0 OQ 

2000 

5.10 

10000 

— . 

Seailamwaltr. Redemption at maturity wfB be In dollars. Nanallabte prtwde ptocamsd-Fees 
llMLDeaamkaiknBSoanxOm yon. (New Japan SeconitasJ V 

Equity-Linked 







AC Inti Finance 

$100 

2002 

000 

100.00 


RedeeiMtiteof mtttuOy at 141 X 3 to yWd 4825 %. NaDcsSabta. CmerObkrat 3425 petes Her 
shore, o 1 7 % premium, rmd ot 2430 pesos per dofar. Fees fwr cfKtofel (SBC WortwraJ ^ ' - - 

Deutsche Finance 

$1000 

2017 

zero 

41.065 


Redeeenfafe at 51 JBta In 2002 . ConwrtIUe Into shares of Datmtar-Benz atl 3 UD nnksper r 

shores a 1183 % prettUum. and aH^ 872 reoriai per dofcg- F—*nn«rf»pa+rw«rf - 

S 1 O 000 . (Deutsche Morgan GmrfefU 

OingCng Motors 

$100 

2002 

3 ft 

100.00 

“ “ 

NafKaHaUe. ComerttoJe of NKS 450 persham a 5 J% prentam, md at HKS 7 J 39 par Mac ! . 
Fees not dtadosed. (Merrfll Lyndi UH 10 


Last Week's Markets 

Evromarfts 


Stock Indexes 

untied State Jon. 17 

DJ Indus. 4833.10 

DJ UHL 239-54 

DJ Trow- 3,312-23 

S&P100 762.15 

S&P500 776.17 

S&PInd 91129 

NYSE Co 40981 

Nasdaq Co 184944 


225 

Britain 
FTSE 100 


Jan. TO 
470379 
23680 
2.763 6fi 
744.94 
75980 
89582 
40076 

1829.26 


: Indus. 
Fnnce 

CAC40 


14090JM 1 7J0385 
420770 405460 
413840 8984.93 
2X35-10 382780 


% 01*80 
+173 
+174 
+ 2.14 
+281 
+2.19 
+1.98 
+2.13 
♦1X9 

+484 

+172 

+287 

+4J9 


Money Rates 

United Stales 
Discount rate 

Pita* rate 
Federal funds rote 


Eurobond Yields 


Japan 

DScMMt 


Con mon ey 
3-ukjidh liueTOank 


) wftt 
Gafl money 
3-fflonminertxrnk 
Fftncs 

mtwwttftn rats 
Co* money 
3-maitti Interbank 


Jan. 17 
5JM 
8V. 
400 

0-50 

0X3 

086 

6-00 

60S 

Oft 


3.18 


Jon. 10 
400 

5ft 

050 

0X1 

086 

400 
5 Mi 
6ft 


3.15 

3ft 

3Vx 


lI 7 Jm.»YrMgk Yrt» 


U4. s. long tarn 
lix-fc man fern 
U8.S, snort term 
Pounds staritag 
French francs 
UnSanRft 
DanWh Kroner . 
S mMitnnar 
ECUfcWBtMW 
ECUs, rndm term 
Caas 
Aus.S 


671 666 
633 418 
403 6-04 
7X6 781 
472 Jiff? 
7.19 742 
589 582 
448 5JJ 
689 419 
479.801 
403 6 M 
724 729 
728 726 
178 1.94 


471 453 
■ 425 410 
688 401 
782 7X6 
458 472 
784 7.19 
572 582 
5.19 488 
419 409 
584 479 
U8 520 
7J31 771 
7 JO 7.19 
1-94 178 


Primary Mortal 

c«WTUi 
s nms s. Mas 

SraWs 25J0 2940 2740 8465 

CjOrfWt — ■ * • a • ? '* . . 4 1 - 

PW? ,,2243 1358' 3718 4450 

ECP 142130 


Total 16X647 10,7304 




sauce: LwoMbautaOdck awAange. 


FRNS 141748- 45218 sg unu 
ECP 110238 144178 37,161 J 30L5B98 
Total 506168 38848.71409054. 6&65T5 
Source; Eumdean CoddBarir. 


Thursday Tokyo: December merchandise 
Jan 23 7 trade data; Nissan Diesel Motor Co. 
holds a press conference on pro- 
duction and sales outlook this year. 
Manila: Government selects winner 
to run Metropolitan Waterworks and 
Sewerage System for 25 years. 


Fririav Tokyo: Japan Chainstore Associa- 
tion releases data on December 
J sales-. Bank of Japan releases quar- 

terly outlook on the economy. 


Copenhagen: December unemploy- 
ment report; January consumer con- 
fidence report. 

Paris: December household con- 
sumption of manufactured goods. 


Paris: November trade balance, 
November salary statistics and De- 
cember consumer price index. 
Stockholm: December trade data- 
Zurich: KK Trust holds a confer- 
ence to discuss 1996 results and 
the outlook for 1997. 


Buenos Aires: Industrial production 
data for December. 

Ottawa: December consumer prices. 
Washington: The Labor Depart- 
ment reports initial weekly state un- 
employment compensation insur- 
ance claims; weekly money supply. 

Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem releases weekly report on com- 
mercial and industrial loans at U.S. 
commercial banks. 

Earnings expected: Black & Deck- 
er Corp., Premark International Inc., 
and United Technologies Corp. 


Germany 

DAX 300187 193389 

Haw Kang 

Hang Seng I&SfiXD 1&I9T80 
WorW 

MSCIP 83085 017X8 


+282 

+584 

+180 


God money 
IflwnttiMtftiaflk 


450 

388 

113 


450 

3.13 

115 


Gold Jan. 17 Jan.io%Orge 

London tun. 8x3 35575 35885 -070 




Libor Rates 




SresetR 

U0.S 

5H 

5ft 


3 9e 

3ft 

Poondsteritofl 

6U> 

6ft 

Saunas Uoyta BiaK, Reuters, 


5ft' French franc 
3ft ECU 
6M* Yen 




TO OUR READERS IN BELGIUM 

It’s never been easier to subsenbe and save. 
Just call toQ free at 0800 17538: 

Uteralllu^^Sribiroe 








« the 





INTETOIATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. JANUARY 20, 1997 


PAGE 15 


SHORT COVER 


at yegas strip 

-Goldmsh Casino & Mining 
lOires (4 SS) onS^rv.S™"? PLC about ^velming 

n ?y”< ii f"thaiLadbrok C wants 
possible casino joint ventures in the United States. 8 

Grundig Sells Off Security Unit 

^^ I l^ J ERG i Ger S any (Bloomberg) — Plettac AG, a 
"SdsS,rf^^ ° constniction sendees, 

W SgS Jig AO qmred A® vtdeo and security technology 

- /* I S tac ;. w !l ich ttedded to buy the unit in September, said it 

■hi!? W a ! urut PletTac Electronic -Security GmbH, The 

ijSKt!?* f n “f 1 u sales of 120 million Deutsche marks 

a of 20 percent of the German 
market for upscale securities systems. Terms of the deal were 
not disclosed. 

i < fi UEC 5 gv a1oSs ' TIia ki^g consumer electforiics company, is 
loosing for a partner after Philips Electronics NV said earlier 
mis month that it was giving up control of the company. 

Morgan Grenfell Sees Client Loss 

LONDON (Bloomberg) — Morgan Grenfell Asset Man- 
agement expects to lose some clients after Nicola Hoiiick 
resigned as chief executive of its pensions business. 

"3 In comments Saturday, the bank also maintained its al- 
legation that Ms. FTorlick was planning to take 20 fund 
managers with her to a rival firm. 

“Of course I wouldn't be telling the truth if Ididn’t expect 
-to lose some business, because some of our clients are closely 
identified with Nicola, ' ' said Robert Smith, chief executive of 
.Morgan Grenfell, the British fund management arm of 
Deutsche Bank AG. The firm said it has 1,000 clients. 

Ms. Horlick. 35, denied .she was planning to take fellow 
employees with- her to ABN Amro Hoare Govett, though she 
declined to say whether she herself had any intention of 
jumping ship. She said she suspected die allegations were 
fueled by a Morgan Grenfell fund manager, who saw her 
having lunch with an old friend from ABN Amro. 

Sears Seeks New Boss, Report Says 

LONDON (Reuters) . — The bead of the fashion retailing 
chain Next PLC has rejected an offer from the struggling 
“retailer Sears PLC to become that company's chief executive, 
the Sunday Telegraph reported. 

- The report, citing unnamed sources, said David Jones, Next's 
.chief executive, was approached in recent days along wiih 
bosses at two other companies who also rebuffed die offer. 

Analysts said last week that several institutional investors 
^wanted Sears’ current chief executive, Liam Strong, fired for 
■failing to revive the sprawling retail empire. 

China Expects to Act on Currency 

BELTING (Reuters) — China's central bank plans to in- 
tervene to keep die yuan from appreciating further in 1997, 
-and sees foreign reserves swelling as a result, China Daily 
. Business Weekly reported Sunday. ‘ . ' 

The yuan wifi remain stable this year despite mounting 
pressure to appreciate, the newspaper quoted Tao Liming, 
deputy director of the research arm of the central bank, as 
saying. He saida. moderately tight monetary policy and robust 
wth in foreign investment were putting upward pressure on 


TRW Phone feature 
Signs China Deal 

Bloomberg News 

BEUING — A venture led by TRW Inc. has signed a 
memorandum of understanding with China to provide a 
satellite telecommunications service in that country be- 
ginning in 2001. 

The venture, Odyssey Telecommunications Interna- 
tional Inc., is expected to raise $3.2 billion to provide the 
service, which will be distributed in China by ChinaSat, a 
subsidiary of China’s Ministry of Posts and Telecom- 
munications. 

Odyssey says China could become its biggest market: 
The company hopes to lure as many as 1.3 million 
Chinese subscribers by 2005. 

The company, a joint venture of TRW and Teleglobe 
Inc. of Canada, plans to use 12 satellites that will enable 
subscribers to rail anywhere in the world using mobile 
phones. 

The company did not release terms of the agreement but 
said it would also involve the establishment of a ground 
station in Beijing costing tens of millions of dollars. 

ChinaSat will have exclusive rights 10 distribute Odys- 
sey’s cellular phone, fax and data services in China under 
the agreement- ChinaSat also will operate one of the 
network's seven regional stations, which will switch 
phone calls between land lines and wireless paths. 

TRW’s agreement, announced Saturday, follows a 
similar memorandum of understanding signed in Decem- 
ber between ChinaSat and one of TRW’s competitors, 
Loral Space & Communications Corp. Loral plans to 
deploy 48 low-orbiting satellites in its $2.5 billion sys- 
tem, scheduled to begin operations in 2001. 


VW Investigates Charges 
Of Skoda-Contract Bribes 


yuan. 


Bloomberg News 

WOLFSBURG. Germany 
— Volkswagen AG said 
Sunday it was carrying out an 
internal investigation into 
suspected bribery involving 
members of its purchasing de- 
partment, the latest legal issue 
at Europe’s largest carmaker. 

Responding to reports that 
VW employees had been de- 
manding and receiving bribes 
relating to a contract awarded 
to the Swiss-Swedish com- 
pany ABB Asea Brown 
Boveri Ltd., a VW spokes- 
man said- die company '‘is 
carrying out a thorough in- 
vestigation and cannot give 
further information until this 
has been completed.” 

• The German news- 
magazine Der Spiegel repott- 
ed Saturday that one of the 
Volkswagen employees al~* 
legedly involved was a col- 
league of the former VW pur- 
chasing chief. Jose Ignacio 
Lopez de Arriortua. 

According to Der Spiegel. 
VW employees allegedly 
took bribes in connection with 
expansion of a paint shop unit 
at VW’s Czech subsidiary. 


Taipei Warns of Risk in South Africa 

Taiwan Firms Should ‘ Carefully Evaluate’ Projects, It Says 


Reuters 

TAIPEI — Companies from Taiwan 
doing business in South Africa face po- 
tential investment risks, the Taiwan gov- 
ernment warned Sunday before Taipei 
and Pretoria held a new round of talks on 
future ties. 

Cho Shih-chao. a deputy director of 
the Economics Ministry, told the state- 
run CNA press agency that Taiwanese 
investors could face risks after South 
Africa severs ties with the island by the 
end of 1997. 

Taiwanese companies should "care- 
fully evaluate” their investment pro- 
jects in South Africa before Taipei and 
Pretoria sign an investment protection 
pact, the agency quoted Mr. Cho as 
saying. 

Despite the warning. Foreign Min- 
ister John Chang of Taiwan, described 
as “very constructive” the new round of 
talks with South African officials in Pre- 
toria on Sunday, pan of an effort to 
redefine Taiwan's relations with South 
Africa after the decision by Nelson Man- 
dela to sever diplomatic relations. 

“Both sides changed their views a 
length." Mr. Chiang said, “and al- 


though we did not reach a constructive 
conclusion, we have successfully laid 
down the foundation for future nego- 
tiations." 

Taiwan has suspended all aid projects 
and treaties with South Africa to protest 
Pretoria's decision to break diplomatic 
ties. 

Mr. Cho said he would not be sur- 
prised if many Taiwan-funded compa- 
nies terminated their operations in South 
Africa soon, 

Mr. Chang had also hinted that 
Taiwan investors in South Africa should 
look for alternatives. 

"South Africa has many problems of 
it own.” he said in Swaziland on Sat- 
urday in a broadcast on state television. 
"We are still uncertain about whether its 
economic development and investment 
environment will improve or deteriorate 
in the future.” 

About 280 Taiwanese factories in 
South Africa have decided to close tem- 
porarily to pressure Pretoria to maintain 
diplomatic ties with Taiwan. South Af- 
rican state television reported Friday. 

Representatives of the factories, 
which are affiliated with the Association 


of Chinese Industrialists in Southern 
Africa, said the> were uncertain about 
their future in South Africa and needed 
diplomatic offices to protect them. 

Nearly 300 Taiwan businesses have 
operations in South Africa, with total 
investment of more than SI.5 billion. At 
least 43.000 jobs have been created 
through Taiwanese investment. 

■ China Banking; Venture 

China's central hank has agreed in 
principle to the establishment of the first 
joint-venture bank between China and 
Taiwanese business interests. Reuters 
reported from Beijing, quoting an article 
published Sunday in China Daily's 
Business Weekly. 

The Shanghai Pudong Development 
Bank has completed negotiations to set up 
Ftrsr Sine* Bank, with a registered capital 
of $100 million, the paper" quoted a bank 
official as saying. 

It did not identify the Taiwan part- 
ners. saying only that they were a group 
of business people registered overseas. 

The joint venture will apply for per- 
mission to handle domestic-yuan cur- 
rency business, it said. 


Skoda Automobilova AS. 

The order was reported to 
be worth 1 00 million Deutsche 
marks ($62.4 million). 

The investigation came 
just a week after VW settled a 
three-year legal battle with 
General Motors Corp. our of 
court. 

The U.S. company claimed 
that Mr. Lopez had stolen cor- 
porate secrets on future car 
models, pricing information 
and other data and took them 
to VW when the German 
company hired him in 1993. 

■ Rise in Sales Tax? 

The governing coalition in 
Germany has decided to raise 
value-added tax by 2 percent- 
age points, to 1 7 percent, as 
part of a broad tax reform in 
1999. Reuters said in a dis- 
patch from Brain, based on a 
German newspaper report. 

The Finance Ministry said it 
could not confirm the report in 
Bild am Sonntag. 

Separately, die magazine 
Focus reported the govern- 
ment had dropped plans to 
increase taxes on capital gains 
from share transactions. 


Nasdaq Puts New Rules Into Play 


Bloomberg News 

WASHINGTON — Monday is a 
red-letter day for investors as the Se- 
curities and Exchange Commission 
launches new order-handling rules that 
represent the most significant changes 
in Nasdaq Stock Market trading in two 
decades. 

The rules are intended to give in- 
vestors access to the best available 
Nasdaq stock prices by spurring com- 
petition. They are being anxiously 
awaited by many brokerages, which 
are worried about their potential effect 
on profit. 

‘ ‘This is a watershed for investors," 
said Hans Stoll, a Vanderbilt Uni- 
versity finance professor. * ‘It quite dra- 
matically marks the end of the pure 
dealer market at Nasdaq and the be- 
ginning of a great future for it as a 
better market.” 

SEC Chairman Arthur Levitt with- 
stood Wall Street pressure to back off 
from the rules, although he twice post- 
poned the launch date to give broker- 
ages time to iron out glitches in their 
trading software. 

“ Everyone's comfort level has gone 
up," said William Booker, a managing 
director at Merrill Lynch & Co. “The 
postponements gave everyone more 
peace of mind, more time 10 prepare, 
more time to retrain traders." 


Earlier this month. Mr. Booker said 
he doubted that dealers' computers 
would be able to cope with an expected 
jump in quote traffic stemming from 
investor stock orders. 

The rules require dealers to allow 
customer “limit orders" — stock or- 
ders at pre -specified prices — to com- 
pete with orders placed by dealers and 

INVESTING 

institutions. They also will require 
dealers to post quotes from private 
trading systems such as Reuters Hold- 
ings PLC’s Instinet when those prices 
are higher than publicly displayed 
quotes. 

The rules, adopted in August, are to 
be phased in over a seven-month peri- 
od. In the first stage, which begins 
Monday, the rules will cover 50 of the 
most active Nasdaq securities, out of 
about 6,000 overall. The next phase is 
scheduled to begin Feb. 10 and will 
cover another 100 Nasdaq stocks. 

Mr. Levitt had originally scheduled 
the start date for Jan. 10 before delay- 
ing it 10 days. The securities industry 
has used the delay (0 keep testing the 
new $50 million software, including a 
final dry run this weekend. 

“There might be some sluggishness 
and delays in the systems for a couple 


of days as people work out the kinks, 
but it shouldn't be a big deal." said 
Hugo Quackenbush. Charles Schwab 
Corp. senior vice president. 

While the federal government and 
the bond market will be shut Monday 
for Martin Luther King's birthday, 
about 30 SEC and Nasdaq specialists 
will be huddled over computers mon- 
itoring trading and fielding inquiries 
from ~dealers.~Two Wall Street trade 
groups also will be sampling their 
members and reporting back to the 
SEC at the end of the day. 

Nasdaq's president. Alfred Berkeley, 
said he expected the big issue Monday 
to be problems with what are known as 
locked and crossed markets. In locked 
markets, the buy and sell prices of a 
stock are identical because dealers have 
not reacted quickly enough to price 
changes in different markets. Crossed 
markers occur when the buy price of a 
stock exceeds its sell price. 

“We have our fingers crossed that 
this will be a relatively” minor problem." 
Mr. Berkeley said. He estimated that 80 
percent of the dealers have figured oul 
how to address it. 

Locked and crossed markets can in- 
terrupt trading because dealers will not 
trade without a spread between the buy 
and sell price of a slock, which rep- 
resents their profit. 


I 


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5-Minute Blitz Puts 
Wales Over Scotland 


CiTTfotrJ by Oat Staff Firm Dixpuxhn 

EDINBURGH — Wales 
launched its Five Nadons 
campaign with a stunning 34- 
19 victory over Scotland at 
Murrayfield Stadium. 

Turning a six-point deficit 
into an 15-point advantage. 
Wales turned the game on its 
head Saturday with one of the 
most sensational passages of 
rugby in recent Five Nations 
history. 

In the day's other Ftve Na- 
tions opener, in Dublin. Ire- 
land restored some of its 
battered reputation with a 
spirited display against France 
before it ran out of steam and 
slid to a 32-15 defeat. 

The Welsh secured their 
first victory in the Scottish 
capital in 12 years after an 
amazing blitz of three tries in 
five minutes from fullback 
Neil Jenkins. Arwel Thomas 
and leuan Evans shortly after 
halftime. 

Jenkins grabbed the first 
try by rounding off a flowing 
move that had been originally 
sparked by Thomas's break 
as Wales went into the lead 
for the first time in the 
match. 

Moments later, Thomas 
exploited a Scottish error to 
score from 25 meters, skip- 
ping over a despairing tackle 
from Scott Hastings. 

Jenkins landed the conver- 
sion from in front of the posts 
as a male streaker was sprint- 
ing the full length of the field 
to dive over into the Scottish 
goal area before making his 
way into the arms of the po- 
lice. 

The Scots replaced Andy 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 1997 


SPORTS 


Reed with Shane M unroe. but 
35 they were regrouping, 
Wales scored its third try. 

Jenkins suddenly appeared 
at his more usual outside half 
position to chip through for 
Evans, who snatched the ball 
in front of Rowen Shepherd 
before surging down the right 
touchline to extend bis record 
try count for Wales to 31. 

Scotland responded with a 
penalty from Shepherd, 

though Jenkins, who conver- 
ted Evans’s try. quickly 
replied with a kick to main- 
tain the advantage and take 
his individual point tally to 
19- 

In the first half, Jenkins 
kicked himself into the record 
books to give Wales the per- 
fect start with a third-minute 
penalty that made him only 
the fifth player in history to 
score more "than 500 points 
for his country. 

The veteran full-back 
joined Michael Lynagh of 
Australia. Grant Fox of New 
Zealand, Gavin Hastings of 
Scotland and Hugo Porta of 
Argentina as he took his 
Welsh record points tally to 
501. 

Ireland's new coach. Brian 
Ashton, who took over the job 
a week ago, said he was 
pleased with his team's per- 
formance. despite its late col- 
lapse. 

“We competed for the first 
hour remarkably well before 
losing our shape in the final 
quarter." Ashton said. 

Three tries by left-wing 



David Venditti and another 
from center Thomas Cas- 
taignede brought France from 
behind to beat a determined 
Ireland. 

The boot of recalled fly- 
half Eric Elwood. whose five 
penalties supplied all his 
team 's points, enabled Ireland 
to be very much in contention 
for the first hour and. in fact, 
briefly hold a 15-12 lead. 

But in the last 20 minutes, 
France’s attacking flair told 
and the Irish defense wilted as 
Venditti ran in his second and 
third tries. 

France took control of the 
game in the 61st minute after 


Venditti went over for his 
second try in the left corner, 
which Castaignede converted 
to make it 19-15. 

Castaignede landed two 
late penalties before Venditti 
completed his hat-trick in the 
dying moments, with Cas- 
taignede again coaverting. 

The Irish had dominated 
play fora period after El wood 
put them 15-12 ahead. The 
fly-half, who last played for 
Ireland a year ago, bad kept 
his side in contention in foe 
first half by landing four out 
of five penalties. 

France had both second- 
row forward Olivier Merle 


Arsenal Duo Stuns Everton 

Team. Trails Leader Liverpool by 3 Points 


■ Jf' 11 

j V 
?•*«* 


The Associated Press SPAIN Rad Gonzalez SCpred [/f 1 - 

Dennis Bergkamp and Patrick Vieira upfoeotetwogp^ 
scored within two minutes of each other inthe a 4- 1 drobbiap of its bitter cross town n ai . 
second half as Arsenal defeated Everton, 3-1, Atletico, on Saiunfay, the final three goats 
Sunday, leaving Arsenal just three p o i n ts be- coming in the last eight minutes. . . 

hind Liverpool, which is at foe top of the The victory kept Real the only first division ; 

English Premier League. team with an unbeaten record, at 13 wins and 

Bergkamp, the Dutch international, scored ‘ 1 draws, and extended Its lead to six poults. 
in foe 55 fo mining on a nicely halt from FC Barcelona, in second place, was trying ( i 

8 meters. Vieira scored in the 57th on a blis- to reduce the gap back to three points in its 
tering left-footed drive from 20 meters. The 20th-round game against Bens on bunday. _ 
— — — — Raul gave Real foe momentum in the 47th _ 

Seccit Roundif minute when he slammed home an equalizer “ 

— : after Atletico led in the 32d minute ona*- 

third goal came from Paul Merson in. foe 68th header by Francisco Narvaez. . , . 

in a rebound off a Bergkamp shot. Despite Serb striker Pedrag Mijatovjcs - , 

Duncan Ferguson scored on a header for expulsion in foe 68th minute for arguing wrm ■ 
Everton in foe final minuxe. the linesman. Raul gave Real the lead in the ^ 

Arsenal has 43 points in 23 games, one 82d, weaving past three Atletico defenders - 
behind second-place Manchester United with ,and beating keeper Francisco Molina. 


Sunday, leaving Arsenal just three points be- 
hind Liverpool, which is at foe top of . the 
English Premier League. 


SoccbkKoui 


44 in foe same number of games. Liverpool 
leads with 46 points in 24 games. 

On Saturday, Liverpool got strikes from 
Jamie Carragher. Stan Collymore and Robbie 


0»*n Ynucr- Prme 

Arwel Thomas of Wales pushing Scotland’s Gary Armstrong as be ran with the balL 


Jamie Carragher. Stan Collymore and Robbie 
Fowler in a 3-0 victory at home over Aston 
Villa. And Manchester United was a 2-0 win- 
ner over Coventry. 

Italy Juventus of Turin won the Italian 
League’s '‘winter tide” before even taking 


»f frames Liverpool • Two minutes later, he laid off a clever pass „ . 
\ games. \ -for Dutch midfielder Clarence Seedorf. who “ 
ofgbt strikes from gave Real a two-goal cushion. Raul then ;; 
lUymore and Robbie lobbed a ball in foe 89th to substitute Victor 
it home over Aston Sanchez, who sealed the match. „ ~ 

oited was a 2-0 win- FRANCE The first division clubs Nantes, .“ 

Nancy and Le Havre were knocked out of the ■_ 


French Cup on Saturday, joining Monaco as ' - ‘ 
first-round victims of giant-killing teams A 


and number eight Fabien 
Pelous shown yellow cards 
just before foe break as the 
Irish, with their supporters 
roaring them on, pressurized 
their opponents line. 

Ireland suffered a further 
blow to its Five Nations hopes 
when Captain Keith Wood 
was forced to leave the field 
with a dislocated left 
shoulder. 

Wood, who was out of foe 
game for more than a year after 
dislocating his right shoulder 
during foe 1995 World Cup in 
South Africa, is likely to miss 
Ireland’s game against Wales 
on Feb. 1. (AFP, Reuters) 


foe field Sunday, thanks to the poor outings of fro® foe lower divisions. 


its closest pursuers. Intemazionale of Milan 
was upset. 2-0, by visiting Bologna, and 
Sampdoria of Genoa drew 1-1 at Florentine 

Juventus (8-6-2). which was to play Lazio 
of Rome on Sunday night, maintained its lead 
as the season reached its halfway point The 
reigning European champion had 3 6 points — 
with a chance to raise that to 33 by beating 
Lazio — while Sampdoria (8-5-4) had 29 and 
Inter (7-7-3) had 28. 

AC Panna, languishing in 14th place a 
month ago, moved up to a tie for fourth with 
27 points by beating Verona, 1-0. Also at 27 
points in tile standings is Vicenza, which led 
Napoli. 2-0. after 31 minima but had to settle 


of Milan Nantes went down, 2-1 . after extra tune at 
trna and foe third-division Vitrolles. 

Mentina; Nancy and Le. Havre both fell to second 
lay Lazio division opposition: Nancy, 3-1, after extra 
riits fcad rime at Sochaux and Le Havre, 2-1, to Nicrt. 
oinL The The first division leader, Monaco, was upset, 

points 1-0, at second division Laval on Friday. 

y beating Portugal FC Porto, the defending cham- 
ad 29 and pion, trounced Braga, 5-0, on Sunday to ex- 
tend its lead at the top of the first division to 1 1 
i place a points over Benfrca, which, lost to Guim- 
urth with araes. 

jso at 27 Mano Jardel slammed home two goals for 
vhichled Porto, giving him a total of 15 from 16 


Napoli. 2-0, after 31 minutes but had to settle matches and a secure spot at foe top of the 
for a 2-2 draw. leading sewer tables. 

Fiorentina follows 'with 26 points in the Benfica’s I -0 defeat away by Guimaraes left 


I -0 defeat away by Guimaraes left 


tight 18-team standings, where clubs can rise die Lisbon Reds in second place with on 33 


and fall several spots each week. 


points, two ahead of Sporting Lisbon. 


Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Standings 


ATLANTIC DIVISION 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Miami 

28 

10 

.737 

— 

New York 

27 

11 

.711 

1 

Washington 

20 

a 

£26 

B 

Ortondo 

IS 

»p 

Ml 

11 

New Jersey 

10 

26 

.27B 

17 

Boston 

9 

27 

-237 

18 

Philadelphia 

B 

29 

516 

19'i 

CENTRAL DIVISION 



Chicago 

34 

4 

■895 

— 

Detroit 

28 

9 

J5T 

5*4 

Atlanta 

25 

11 

694 

8 

Chartaite 

12 

16 

579 

12 

Clevetand 

21 

It 

-Sta 

12*.! 

MDwuufcee 

IB 

10 

.486 

15*4 

Indiana 

17 

19 

J72 

16 

Toronto 

13 

24 

JS1 

30'/: 

WDIBHCOI 

MFEBSKE 


kowest DtvmnN 




W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Houston 

30 

9 

Jdf 

— 

Utah 

26 

12 

484 

3'4 

Minnesota 

17 

21 

447 

12*4 

Dates 

IS 

23 

361 

15*4 

San Ar.tonlo 

10 

:s 

zn 

18., 

Denver 

10 

29 

456 

20 

Vancouver 

7 

32 

.179 

Z3 

PACfftC uivtsroN 



Seattle 

28 

11 

.718 

— 

LA. Lakers 

28 

12 

.700 

'V 

Portland 

21 

17 

553 

«v» 

Sacra irrento 

16 

24 

400 

13>. 

Golden State 

15 

23 

-394 

12*4 

LA. Clippers 

14 

22 


12'-: 

Phoenix 

1- 

Z 


14 


New Jersey 105, PhlnddDhta ICi. 0T 
Miami 103. Washington 92 
Golden State 96. Indiana 91 
Chicago 10ft Milwaukee 73 
Houston B& Dallas 78 
San Antonio 96, Sacramento 7o 
Utah 106, Vancouver 68 
Toronto 94. Portland n 
Seattle 96. Oewtatd 84 

ajuusd at* s results 
W ashington 35 37 26 24-112 

Boston 36 18 24 24—104 

W: Webber 10-193-7 25 SMOdond 5-14 9-9 
lte B: Wesley 10-182-222. Fax 10-15 1-221. 
Rebounds—^ Washington 53 (Webber 9), 
Boston 45 (Walker 12). Assists— Washington 
30 (SMcMand 9}. Boston 32 (Wester 14}. 
Ourtotte 33 24 18 27-102 

New Jersey 24 17 21 30— 92 

C Rice 12-19 5-6 33. Curry 10-20 7-2 27; 
NJ- Gin 8-21 B-10 24. wnuams 10-18 4-4 24. 
Rebounds— Chortofle 54 (Mason 171, New 
Jersey 56 (WSBams 161. Assists— Orariofte 
24 (Mason 71. New Jersey 23 (Pack 12). 
MUwaukee 17 23 14 17—71 . 

AltoBta 17 23 29 25-94 

, M; Baker 6)65-615. Robinson 614 2-2 1ft* 


A: Blaylock 11-19 0-0 2ft Loeltner 5-15 4-6 
IS. Rebounds— Milwaukee 50 [Baker 13). 
Atlanta 54 (Mutombo 13). 
Assists— MBwaukee 10 (Allen 3], Atlanta 19 
(Corbin, Smith, Blaylock 4). 

Gotten State 32 27 18 16- 93 

Minnesota 24 28 23 33—108 

G_Sj S prewed 7-21 8-8 25. Muffin 8-11 0-0 
19s M: Garnett 12-163-427, GugUatta B-l 6 5- 
5 22. Rebounds— GoMffit Slate 36 (Royal 8). 
Minnesota 53 (Gugtatla 111. 
Assists— Gotten State 23 (Sprewefl 6}, 
Minnesota 28 < Marts ury 10). 

Doflas 26 29 26 26—187 

Denver 27 27 28 22—104 

DALLAS: Mastibum 9-16 66 27. Gaffing 6 
12 4-4 16! DENVER: D-EBb 9-10 D-2 24. 
LEU Is 6-15 68 IB. Johnson 7-11 4-6 ib. 
Reboands— Dallas 40 <J Jackson 9), Denver 
56 (Johnson 171. Assists— DeBas 23 
/MaeMxrm Cassell 7), Denver 23 

(MJocksanll). 

New York 34 34 30 20- 98 

Pbeenbi 21 24 36 24-105 

N.Y.: Ewing 10-2061028. Houston 7-1B3- 
3 19; PrCebollos 1 1 -21 6932. KJohnscn 4-14 
13-14 21. Rebounds — New York 51 (Ewing 
13), Phoenix 53 U.WHaim 12). 

Assists— New Yort 20 (W»d 11), Phoenix 21 
(KJohnson 9). 

Detroit 22 20 10 28 6 14-100 

LA- Lakers 19 20 19 22 6 11-77 

D: Hill 12-23 9-11 34. Thorpe 1621 2-5 22. 
LJL- Bryants-) 37-221. Campbell 6)767 19. 
Rebounds— Oetn»59 (Hill IS), Los Angeles 
69 (ONeal 19). Assists— Detroit 25 [H« 14). 
Las Angeles 27 (Van Exet 9). 


HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


ATLANTIC OCVtSMN 
W L T Pis 
PNtodefpbio 27 13 5 59 

Raridn 22 12 10 54 

N.Y. Rangers 23 19 6 52 

New Jersey 22 16 5 49 

Washington 19 21 5 43 

Tampa Bay 17 21 6 40 

n.y. islanders 13 22 9 35 

NORTHEAST OMSON 
W L T Pis 


MCHCOmSKM 


Pittsburg* 

Buffalo 

Montreal 

Hartford 

Boston 

Ottawa 


2S 15 5 55 

23 17 5 51 

17 21 8 42 

17 20 7 41 

16 22 6 38 


CENTRAL OtVtSKm 

W L T Pts GF GA 

25 17 3 53 13# 111 

21 15 8 50 137 101 

20 22 4 44 131 147 

19 23 4 42 125 150 

17 22 B 42 12) 127 

17 28 0 34 138 159 



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Colorado 

37 

10 

8 

62 

154 

103 

Edmonton 

21 

21 

4 

46 

149 

136 

Vancouver 

20 

21 

2 

42 

137 

146 

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TODAY'S usmxs 




No games scheduled. 

sarenaritemn 

ALL-STM CAME 
East II, West 7 


CRICKET 


MDUtTOOK 

4TH DAT. 30 TEST 
SOUTH AFRICA VS. MOIA 
SUNDAY, IN JOHANNESBUflC 
India Innings: 4169 and 2*6-8 o ectared 
South Africa tanings: 321 and 4-1 
woHPStmuiwnoomicar 
1ST MATCM M BEST OF 3 HNALS 
WEST BONES V9. PAKISTAN 
SATURDAY. M SYDNEY 
Wett Indies: 179-9 In 50 owers 
PoIiWdk 185-6 
Pakistan wen by 4 w ickets. 


RUGBY UNION 


SATURDAY. M EDINBURGH 
Wbies 34, Scotland 19 
Woles — Tries: Sadi Qulmiefl. Ned Jenk- 
ins. Arwel Tho>nos. leuan Evans. Conver- 
sions: NeO JerJuns Ml. Perallies: Ned Jenk- 
ttsc 2) 

Scctlond — Try: Scan Hastings. Conver- 
sion: Reman Shepherd. Penalties: Rowan 
Shepherd 13). Drop goal: Craig Chalmers. 

SATURDAY. KOUMJM 
Ireland 1& France 32 
Ireland — Penalties: Eric Ehmod (5) 
Fiance — Tries David vwdfM (3). Fatten 
Game. Co mereJons: Thomas Castaignede 
(3). Penalties: Thomas Castaignede Q). 


SKIING 


World Cup 

WOUR'S SLALOM 

SUNDAY, M ZWteSEL OEUVANY 
1 . PeroBo Wtberg (Sweden) 1 minute 33J2 
seconds (flra run 4642 seconds/Second run 
46.70). Z Etfi Eder (Austria) 14121 
(47M47S7). 1 Debtxtrfi CDmpagnoiri CltalyJ 
14540 (4657/47431, 4. Patrida Chauver 
(Fiance) 10573 (4848(4745). 5. Mattes 
Ouster (SwItaftoncD 1 4546 (48.78/4748), 6. 
Awreroorfe Gmy (Gerraony) 1J666 
(4947/4749), 7. Katja Settnger (Germany) 


146.79 (4940/46.99). 8. Ingrid 5alvenmaser 
(Ausrria) 13647 (4942/4745). 9. Loro Mag- 
onl (Italy) 136.92 (49.11/4741), la Martina 
Ertl (Germany) 136.96 (4946/47.10). 

priwmnfcw I. WIberg 510 paints, 
2. Comgagnonl 295, 1 Rieger 2B9. 4. CteUMl 
256, 5 Hrovat 237, & Eder 216. 7. Salveo- 
maser 156 8. Magonl 157. 9. Oester 130. 10. 
Wactiter121. 

Oiid i ninffiigr 1, Pemtea WBrerg, 
Sweden, 1473 paints. 2. Katja Setunger. Gen- 
many. 74& 1 Debonta CarnpognonC Italy. 
655. < HOde Gag, Germany, 595. 5, Anita 
Woctter. Austria 525, 6. Martina Erfl. Ger- 
many, 451. 7, Ursko HrovaL Stovenia 42ft ft 
HeiiS Zurbriggov Switzerland, 369, 9, Isolde 
Kostner, Italy, 36A Ift Cloutta Rtogter. New 
Zealand. 289. 

womi'l BUNT BIALOM 

SATURDAY, M ZWTESG. GEtOMNY 
1. Deborah Cotnpoanarl Italy. 2 nrlnatas. 
8.45 seconds (14449-13198). Z Anita 
WatJrter, Austria 24947 (14435-1 44.92), X 
Katja Seizlnger, Germany. £0947 (14442- 
145451,4. Perniln Wlberg, Sweden 24948 
D 4543-14445), 5. Karin Raten. Switzer- 
land. 2:1047 (14455-14532), 6. Maittoa 
Ertt Germany. £lftl9 04442-14537). 7. 
Heidi Zurbriggerv Swttzettand, 2:1053 
04S.I7-I4536). 8. Sanja Net SwftzatamL 
2:1139 04544-14S4S), 9. Uiska Hrovat 
Slaventt. 3:1 1.91 <14S.97-l45-«),ia Sophie 
Lefronc, From 2:1231 (146.30-145.91) 
cm Staton rtwnf ■ « I. Deborah 
CoropagnonL Italy, 360 poada. Z Anita 
Wadiler. AusWa 32ft 1 Kafla Settnga. Gen 
many, 26ft 4. Sabina Ptraarrini. tariy, 229. 5. 
Urska Hrovat Storenla. 191, 6. Martina Erft 
Germany, 175. 7. Kurin Ratal, SwBzertand. 
172. 8- PemlUa Wlberg Sweden 134 9. Ana 
Gaffndo Santatoria Spttn. 132. 10. HBde 
Gerg. Germany, 112. 

Mi'ISUUMI 
3 U 1 TO AY. M WENCEN. BWTTZERLAND 
1. Thomas Sykortt Austria (4535-4448) 
13443. X Thomas Stangosskiger, Austria 
(4541-4835) 1343ft X SebasUen Amlez, 
France (4631-4835) 1344ft ft Andre KJe« 
Aamodt. Norway (46.58 4 8 .4 3) 13541, & 
Rene Mlekirc, Slovenia (4646-4836) 13532. 
ft Finn Christian Jogge, Norway (4645- 
48451 1315a 7. Matthew Grasjean. Untied 
States (4645-038) 13531 ft Mario Reiter. 
Austria (4ft42-e931) 1-3541 9. Michael Von 
GruenigeiL Swltzeriand (4731-48.16) 13547. 
10 Andrea ZbtsO Swltzeriand (4 734-48.76) 
13530. 

t wi n rn ■ eiitai g v. 1. Thomas Sykora 
(Austria) 580 poriits. 1 Thomas Stan- 
oasslnger (Austria) 36ft 1 Setasflen Amte 
(Fiance) 26ft A Kjeta Andre Aamodt (Nor- 
way) 201 5. Tom Sttansen (Norway) 20ft 6. 
KttrinoOu Wmuro (Japan) 149. 7. Siegfried 
VOglrefter (Austria) left ft Michael van Gru- 
enlgen (Swazertand) 14ft 9. Mamww Gras- 
lean (U3.) 131. 1ft Martin Honsscn (Swe- 
den) 128. 

Owrri etandfaroai 1. Von Grocnigen 606 
points. 1 Asrandt 601, 1 Syknre sai 4. Kris. 
0cm Ghettoo (Italy) 515. 5. Luc Alphcmd 


(Fiance) 477. ft Hors Kitaus (Austria) 46ft 7. 
Guenther Mads (Austria) 41S 8. Josef Strobl 
(Austria) 36ft 9. Stangasslnger 36ft lft AM 
Skaardal (Norway] 341 

MH'SBOWMWL 
BATUROAV, M WBIOOi. SWITZERLAND 
1, Kristian Ghedlna (taiy. 2 minutoft 2433 
seconds 1 Luc AIpbmL Franco 2343ft l 
Fritz Sbobl Austria. 22441 4. Werner Franz, 
Austria 23441 5, Atte Skaardak Norway, 
2244ft ft Franca Covoipl Swtteertanft 
2244ft 7, Jastt StrafaL Austria, 234.94, ft 
Patrick Orlfleb, Au3Ma, 23531 9, Andreas 
Schtfferec Austria, 22531 lie. WMtani 
Bessa Swttzeriond. 235.91 
dowrm etawdtapei 1. Kristian Ghedbta 
(ffaty) 465 pouris, 1 Luc Atthcad (France) 
44ft 1 Afle Skawdai (Norway) 30& 4. Werner 
Franz (Austria) 278. 5. Frttt Sbobl (Austria) 
254, 6. Josef Strutt (Austria) 239. 7. WRBam 
Besse (Swltzeriand) 201, ft Franca Cavegn 
(SwRierimfl 161, 9. Pietro Vltaflnl (IWy) 
157, 10. Werner Pe nitao ner Otaty) 127. 


SOCCER 


OIOUMNUUDUMBI 

Chelsea 1 Derby 1 

Coventry ft Manchester unRad 2 

Leicester 1, Wimbledon 0 

Liverpool 1 Aston VBaO 

Middlesbrough 4. Sheffield Wednesday 2 

Southampton 1 Newcastle) 

Sunderland ft Blackburn 0 
Arsenal 1 Everton 1 
Nottingham Forest 2 Tottenham 1 
O te e ita igx . 1.Umpool4ftl Wdiesf 
United 4ft 1 Anentt 41 4 Newcastle 39, 5. 
WbnMedon 3ft ft Chelsea 3& 7. Aston VBta 
3ft ft Sheffield Wednesday 31,9. Everton 2ft 
10. Tottenham 2& 113undertand 28, 124jb- 
icester 2a 13. Leeds 25. KBioMtum 24 
lSJterby 2ft 14 Coventry 21 17Jlattln^Mm 
Forest a 1 a. West Haul 21 llSouthampbxi 
2ft 20JVUddtesbrough 18. 

SMHI9I ntST MVD*ON 
AMeflca Madrid 1, Real Madrid 4 
Ceba ft Extremadura 1 
Deparilvo Coruna 1 Alhtalc BBtaao 2 
Hercules 1, VcfladoBdO 
RayoVonecono ft Sparing Gflonl 
CMeaol Valencia 0 
Radng de Santander 2 Lagranes 1 
Real Sodedod ft Campatteia 1 
ZdragcBB 1, Tenerife I 
■tatage 1 .Red Madrid eft 2Jarcelana 
ift IDepartfro Coruna 39, 44eal Sodedod 
37, 5. Real Belts 3& ftAttottco Madrid 35. 
7.ValtadoM 3ft ftTenerife 29, 9JUhte«C Bil- 
bao 29, lORadng S an t a nder 29. ll.Vttenda 
27. llOvleda 25, UCeftn Vigo 2ft 14Rayo 
Vafleamo 21 15.Sporflng GQon 21, 16Xonv 
postata 2ft 17^spanyal 19. laHercutes 1ft 
1 9 Jjogrones 1& 203evtllo 1 7. 21 Zoogaza 1& 
22XxtTemaduro 11 


AJttonia l, RegglorwO 
CagOart 7, AC Milan 1 
HarenTne 1, Sampdoria 1 


Intomarionale ft Botogno 2 
AC Parma 1, Verona 0 
Perugia l.Pknercol 
Udlnese 1, AS Rama 0 
Vicenza 1 NagoB 2 

■tax i Wiiuiil. Juventus 3ft 1 Sampdoria 
29. 3. Inte m nzianaie 2ft 4. Vteenrn 27, 5. 
Parma 27, ft Ftareatina 2ft 7. Milan 2ft 
ftBotog na 2ft 9JUatanta 2ft lOJtaxffi 2ft 
lllnzto 21 12. Rama 21 HUdkwse 21 
1 ftPtocenzo 1 9 , 1 ftPenigla 1 ft l&CagGarf li 
17. Verona 1 1. 1 ELReggfana 10. 


TENNIS 


Austrjujan Open 


TMHDnOCMO 

Irina Splrtea 181. Rananla. def. SDvta Fa- 
rtaa Italy, 6-1, 6-1 Karina Hobsudova (9). 
Stovakfa. deL Sht-Ttag wan» Taiwan, da 7- 
6 (7-5); Ruxondra DragomlL Romania, dot 
Kristina Brawft U3.6-1, 6-1; Chmda Rubin 
(15). UJL deL Sandra Ktetoova Czech Re- 
pufaBc,6-l.fta 

Dominique win Roast, Belgium, def. Arantxa 
Saichez Vknrio «, Spttn. 1-ft ftft Mr May 
Joe FermndK (14), US. deL Hentoto Nogy- 
ova Skwakta, 6-1 6-1; Patty Sdegdea Sietaer- 
tond deL Magdalena Gmbawsfca Potana 7-6 
(7-4. 6-l,-4tottoo tOntfis MX 5wftzsrtahd def 
Biebara Setwft Austrta. 6-1 6-1. 

WOKEN SNQLES 
RMiRTH ROUND 

Mary Pierce, France, def. Anlie Huber (5), 
Germany. 6-1 6-1 Kbnberty Pa U3. deL 
Undscry Davenport (71 U3. 7-6 05-131,64,- 
Sattne Appelmans (16). Bei^um. def. Can- 
chffa Martinez (3), Spain. 2-ft 7-5.61; Amcuv 
da Cbeoer 02). South Africa. deL StofB Graf 
(llGeanreiy, 61 7-5. 

NBtBDWLES 
1WD ROUTS 

Pete Sampras (1), 1/3. def. Marts Wood- 
lorda AuSraBft 61, 6ft 61; ABwrl Costa 
00). Spakb deL Sadi Draper, Austrttta 6ft 
61 7-5? Thomas Muster (5), Austria def. 
Jens KnlppscMft Germany, 6ft 7-6 D-2), 6 
1 Wayne Ferreira W, South Africa det Ren- 
zo Futtaa Italy, 6-ft 6ft 67 0-7). 61. 

Domlnlk Hrtarty, Stovokia def. Alberto Be- 
rasatagul (16), SpttfL 6-1 7-6 (7-®, 67 (67). 
2-ft rertned- Oirtsltan Rwd, Norway, del 
NdvBte Goodwta South Africa 7-6 (B-6), 67 
0-7), 61 7-6 (7-5); Jim Courier (1)1 U3. 
deL Jett Tarangu U3. 61, 7-6 (7-31 61 
Goran tvnnJsevtc (3X Orxtta deL Chris 
Woodruff, U3.6167 (67), 6161. 
FOURTH RQUMI 

Atarctto RJa (9), ChOe, deL Thomas En- 
qvW (7). Swedetvftft 6ft 7-6 (7^0,67(67). 
636 Michael Chang CO. U3. det Andrei 
Medvedev. Uktatta 4-ft 61 61 61; Feta 
Ma rrffikt (14), spate. deL MaBVa) WtaMng- 
taft U3. 7-5, 61 6-1; Cottas Moya Spain, 
deL Janas Bjorianan, Sweden 6ft 1-ft 6ft 6 
16ft 


TRANSITIONS 


MAJOR LEAGUE BAESAU. 

AMBUCAN LEACOJC 

boston— A greed to terms wtth LHP Butch 
Hent y aBdCBafHaeelnMnonane-iea r onm- 
tracts. 

Milwaukee — Agreed terms war OF 
Chuck Carr and OF Gerttd wnSamsonl-gear 
oortaactsand RHP Bob WUanan on 2-year 
contract 

TEXAS-Agreedtotoraisvrilli LHP Ed Vo6 
berg, INF MBre Be# and OFMarcSagmaen to 
one-year conhuctv. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

ATLANTA —Agreed la terms wtti RHP 
Mmk Watters on Itnee-yerr cortroct wlti 
apOanyeac. 

Houston ^Agreed to terms with INFMOq’ 
Guflerrez and RHP Murk SmaQ on aneyear 
Obttrads. 

Montreal -Agreed to terms war RHP % 
Jbn BuWngeron one -ye ar uu id ra ct ■ ’ - 


NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION 

MA-SuspardedOdcnga Buis torwari Den-, 
nit Rocfenaa wtercxk pay tor at leas! 11 games 
ardtedMnS2S4H ^torttMag a sxMsUb 
phrtographerdtxingogameon Jai-lS. 

raaiMa - 

NATtOHAUPO T BALLI F A O UE 
KANSAS arv— Stoned Coil Petersorv pres- 
ident and general iimeitfu r. to 4 year oon- 
iract Extended eattrocj of Marly Sdiatlen- 
ttetmet) araeft to four years through 2001. 

NEW York oiamts— N amed Jbn Ftastt 
coach. 

san DI&CO— Signed SS Rodney Harrison to 
3-yeor contract Named Kevin GHnfde cnodi 
and signed Mm to 5-year artraa 
san FXJutascD -Hamad Stem Mmhicd 
coach and signed hfen la ffve-yem contmcL 
NOOBY 

NATIONAL HOCKEY LfiAQUE 
SAN nuNCBCo -Named Steve Mariucd 
aiacli and siffiied Mm to ffvmyear contract 


The Week Ahead 


Monday, Jam. 20 

ftjucJCRi Me&owna Austmdo—Wesi 
indies vs. Pakistan. Wbrid Series Cup 
second ftott. 

unemaft Seatt — World Grand Prtx 

Event 

Tuesday, Jan. 21 . 


Wednesday, Jan. 22 

cmckki; Mriboume— Wetf htdes vs. 
PrMstaaWortd Series Cup Wrdttwfc - 
Jabamesbrng— itast Transtoaf n. 
Zim babw e - - 


■wnmava, EspoaFtnfcrod — FlNA 
World Cup event through Jan. 3 m, 

ooccKVftvarious sBes— Four Notions 
Tournoment New Zealand vs. Norway, 

AushoBa vs. South Korea: Intetnuttan a l "u 

MendBes— Portugal v Franca IWy vs. ^r* 

Northern Irttand. . _ 

Thutoday^Jaii. 23 . * 

ctucKer, Btoemtonte H v South Afriai— P • 
South Africa vs. Inttai i l w i gulor series, 
oam Hope Isknift Aastraaa— Jatamie 

1 1 a, .ra nr Hrmlr IhnunJ. ijiii r)4> Mmuilu t '- 1 

nmcrugiac. uuuujn jtm. sjog rrioe»iOLf • 

Arizona— Phoeabc Open tarougruan. 2ft ‘ ' 

nrnerimm rinritnn tf 1 * 1111 ””- 

Boit^vltoridCimimtoMrfsdombflLGianr ■* r: 

Sktan, Super Gtant Stetam thmurai JCil 26 ■ -1 
■MBIUftHAn ^ sites— Men's .. *„ 

EuraLcagua Second Preflndnary Round, . 
GROUP 1 Alia Berfinvs. Stafonel MBan; ' - 

Chmlerol vs. CSKA Moscow; Otymp tokos vs. _ «, 
Macartt Taf Aviv; GROUP 2 Teqmsystam >. 

Botogno w UlkerSponPantontosm. 
r Estattni iii Madridr LBneges uft 'Cttmia 
Zog raft GROUP 3 PouTOrthezvK. : ,-r. 

PuiiullifaiuDras, Dynamo Mascmi vs. 

Ltub^ana: SevfBa vs. vmeurtwnn« GROUP ] ■' 

4 Barcetonave. Efes Pisan; Bayer 1** 

Levertanen vs. Pariftan Befgrad« Spiff vs. . 
KhiderBatogna 

Friday, Jan. 24 , ' " 

Aira*OESKiaea,KUri>oeM{, Austria— u 

World QiP, Men's DowshA, Stream, 

CbmWned through JulM 
c wt&t tt i, Auddttaft New Zealand— v 
Fbst Test New Zealand a England, 
through Jan. 28 ^ u; 

Saturday, Jan. 25 , * 

* .... * .. k r» 

cfweawT,Ad9toJd&Austrafio— Fburifi 
Test, AuitraBa vs. WW ladles Pretoria 
SouthAMoo— Sculh Africa vfc Zbnbabwa 
rtmgutar series . 

■OCCBftvmtovs Wes— African Nadars' , 
Cuft Fhst RoukL Group ftSfennLnooe vs. 

Central AMam Republic; Group 5. Kenya 
vs. Gctacft Group ft Tanzania vs. Zaire 
Group 7, AMawl vs. Zambia; Four-oaBons 
to u rnament South Korea vs. Now Zettanft • 
AustRdta vs. Norway - j 

nurov union, European Clip Real 
Lttoesservs. Brtve * 

Sithpay, Jan. 26 , ~ ' 

Football, New Orleans — Super Bowl J 

FfnaL New England Patdals vs. Green Bay 
Porters 'F- 

. mtoam. vorious sites- Afrfam . 

Nations Cap, First Round, GfpvpI.Angata ^ 
vs. Sudan. Zlnnbabwe vs. Ghana Group 1 
(wry Coast vs. Benin, Mtdf vs. Afgtria; 

Group IJMaroccb us. Ettrtopfa Senegal vs. 

Egypt Group ft Guinea vs.^ Tunisia Group 
5. Cameroon vs. Natritta; Group ft Ubetto' 
vs. TbgorGnwp 7, Mazarnttque vs. •’ * ' 
Mourtma. . . 


o Ve 


-:>44 
*\ * 

VI 

V* 

pi 


t- -~rr h 

- ^ 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, X4NCARY 20, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 


Pistons 5 Hill 
Tops Lakers 
3n Double OT 


The Associated Preu 

It took Grant Hill three years' as a 
professional to beat tbe Los Angeles 

hSl 1 !? .finally did it, in style. 
HU1 s 34 points, 15 rebounds and 14 
assists fed the Detroit Kscaosto a 100-97 
douWe-ovemine victory-Satarfay night. 

OnsThorpe added 22 points and! 1 
rdjounds for the Pistons, *who sent the 
Lakers to jnst their fourth loss in 21 

games at fee Forum this season. ' 

. 'This was my first time beating the 
Lakers and it was fan because mv idoL 
Magic Johnson, was in the stands," Ifiil 
smcL It was good to get a win here and 


NBA komiDi 


beat this team just to know that we-can 

beaz them. I was starting to think that I 

could never beat the Lakers!" ‘ 

Kobe Bryant’s 21 points led the 
Lakers. HdenCampbelladded 19points, 
with 15 coming over the final 133 of 
regulation and inthe two overtimes. 

"It was a great game, other than the 
fact that we lost,” the Lakers* coach, 
M Hams, said, "There was a lot of 


playoff-style basketball out there. Grant 
Hill was Dhenomenal " 


Hill was pheno menal " 

Hemete 102 , Mate 92 Dell Curry 
scored his 10 , 000 th career point and 
matte five 3-pointers to lead Charlotte to 
its fourth consecutive victory. 

Curry, a 10-year veteran who was one 
of the original members of the Hornets, 
became the 202d NBA player to reach 
the milestone. Hediditwithhis specially 
— the 3-point shot — late in the second 
quarter on his way to scoring 27 points 
Glen Rice had 33 points for Charlotte, 
including 25 in the first half, to lead the 
Hornets in scoring for the 11th straight 
game. Anthony Mason added 20 points 
and 17 rebounds. 



Recchi Leads NHL East 


To 11-7 All-Star Victory 


Lemieux Also Stands Out in San Jose Goalfest 


By Joe Lapointe 

Sew York Tunes Service 


SAN JOSE. California — Hockey 
cranks have complained all season that 
there aren't enough goals being scored 
because too many restraining fouls are 
going uncalled and too many teams are 


playing the boring zone trap. 
For one night at least. 


R« Sajbtdrfciar/Rroun 

Nets guard Robert Pack, left, racing Muggsy Bogues of tbe Hornets for the ball as Charlotte beat New Jersey. 


For one night at least, they had 
something different to complain about: 
a profligate goalfest in the All-Star 
game that saw the Eastern Conference 
defeat the West by 1 1-7. 

Mark Recchi of Montreal scored 
three goals for tbe East; Owen Nolan of 
the San Jose Sharks scored three times 
for die West. Recchi was named the 
most valuable player. 

But Nolan and the fans celebrated 
like winners when the young Shark beat 
Dominik Hasek with 2 minutes and 3 
seconds left in the game. As he carried 
the puck over the blue line, the native of 
Belfast jauntily pointed to Hasek with 
his glove before ripping a wrist shot past 
him, high on the glove side, triggering a 
shower of hats from the fans. 

Mario Lemieux and John LeClair 


Late Run Gets UCLA to Overtime, and a Victory 


Jayson Williams had 24 points and 16 
rebounds, and Kendall Gill scared 24 


rebounds, and Kendall Gill scared 24 
fortheNets, who dropped to 1-20 when 
scoring fewer than 100 points. 

112, critics io« In Boston, 
Chris Webber scored 25 points, includ- 
ing two on a tiebreaking basket with 20 
* ')onds left 

Boston used a 1 2-3 run in the final 3V£ 
minutes to tie it . at 106 on Eric Wil- 
liams's foul-line jumper with 34 
seconds to play. Webber then scored 
underneath despite being fouled with 20 
seconds left 

Webber missed his free throw, but 
Harvey Grant tipped the rebound out to 
Webber, , who was fouled again. He 
missed both free throws before Grant 
again tipped toe rebound out to Webber, 
who passed to Rod S trickland . Strick- 
land was fouled and made both free 
throws with 14 seconds to play, sealing 
the win. 

Strickland .finished with 19 points, 
and Juwan Howard added 17 for Wash- 
ington. David Wesley paced . Boston 
with 22 points and 14 assists. 

Hawks m. Books 71 Mookie Blay- 
lock scored 26 points and led a third- 
quarter run that helped the Hawks win 
their ninth straight game- '. 

Atlanta extended its longest winning 
streakrftheseasonandmatohedQrica- 


The Associated Press 

Charles Q’Banoon scored 24 points, 
.including eight in overtime when 
UCLA made 9of lOfree throws. and the 
Bruins surprised No. 6 Arizona, 84-78, 
in Los Angeles. 

Trailing, 57-50, UCLA outscored 
Arizona, 19-12, over the final 7:1 9 -of 
regulation, hitting 1 1 of 14 free throws. 

Jason Terry’s inside basket for Ari- 
zona with 27 seconds left tied toe game 




at 69-69 and forced overtime, but toe 
Wildcats were missing Mike Bibby, 
A J. Bramlett and Donnell Harris, who 
all fouled out in regulation. 

UCLA (10-4, 5-1 Pac-10) dominated 
toe overtime, outscoring the Wildcats 
(10-4, 3-2) by 15-9. 

No. 3 Ckmiwi 51, North Cuofina St 

42 fo Ctemsoiv South Carolina. Terrell 


McIntyre sewed 16 points, and Greg 
Buckner had all 10 of his points in toe 


Buckner had all 10 of his points in toe 
second half to lift Cfemson to its 12th 
straight victory. 

The Tigers (16-1, 5-0 Atlantic Coast 
Conference) will play No. 2 Wake Forest 


an Thursday for first place in toe league. 

No. 4 Comim— fi 92, Arkansas 57 

Danny Foitson had 27 points and 18 
rebounds to crash Arkansas, the worst 
loss in coach Nolan Richardson's 12 
seasons there. 

Fortson, held to nine points in a70-55 
loss to Temple on Thursday, scored 17 
as Cincinnati (12-3), playing at home, 
opened a 17-point lead in the first half. 
Arkansas (9-5) never recovered, trailing 
by double digits the rest of the way. 

No. 5 Kentucky 77, Auburn 53 In Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, Nazr Mohammed 
scored 1 1 points and grabbed a career- 
high 14 rebounds, and Kentucky forced 
Auburn into a season-high 27 
turnovers. 

Mohammed’s board play helped 
Kentucky (16-2, 4-1 Southeastern Con- 
ference) to a 42-26 rebound advantage 
while toe Wildcats scored 28 points off 
Auburn’s turnovers. Auburn (1 1-7, 2-3) 
shot just 34 percent (16-of-47). 

No. 7 Minnesota 73, Ohio St. 87 Eric 

Harris scared 16 points and Sam Jac- 
obson added 14. but it was their de- 
fensive play in the closing minutes that 
gave visiting Minnesota toe victory. 


Minnesota (16-2, 5-1 Big Ten) came 
into toe game as the top defensive team 
in the conference and backed that op 
with its play down the stretch. With toe 
score tied at 48 with 12:59 left, the 
Gophers held Ohio State scoreless for 
the next three and a half minutes. 

Colorado 70, No. 8 tow* St. 45 In 

B colder, Colorado, Chauncey Billups 
scored 17 points, and Colorado made a 
strong bid for its first national ranking in 
28 years with its victory. 

The victory was Colorado's seventh 
straight — toe first over a Top 10 team in 
15 tries — and could propel the Buf- 
faloes (14-3, 5-0 Big 12) into the Top 25 
for toe first time since December 1969. 

Iowa State (11-3. 2-2) looked lost 
without its leading scorer, Dedric Wil- 
loughby, who was out with a strained 
hamstring, and coach Tun Floyd, who 
was erected with 7:16 left in the first 
half. 

No. 9 Utah 81, Tmcm Christian 77 

Keith Van Horn had 23 points and 13 
rebounds, and Hanno Motrola added 13 
points as Utah held off visiting TCU for 
its fourth straight victory. 

The Utes (12-2, 4-0 Western Athletic 


Conference) shot a blistering 73 percent 
in the first half, but led tally by 46-42 at 
halftime. The Homed Frogs ( 12-6, 1-4) 
hung close despite shooting 36 percent 
by making 8 of 17 3-point tries. 

No. 12 Hew Mexico 69, Kce 81 In 

Houston. Clayton Shields scored 22 
points, hitting four of eight 3-pomters, 
to rescue New Mexico from a sluggish 
first half. The Lobos ( 14-3, 3-2 Western 
Athletic Conference ) were outshot from 
toe field 50 percent to 38 in the first half 
but managed a late 6-0 charge for a 31- 
29 halftime lead. 

No. 13 Di*o 78, Virginia 59 In 

Durham. North Carolina, Duke did not 
waste much time attacking a Virginia 
team that was missing its point guard, 
Harold Deane, grabbing an 18-point 
lead 8:22 into the game. 

The 13th -ranked Blue Devils (14-4, 
3-2 Atlantic Coast Conference) have 
beaten the Cavaliers 23 of the last 31 
times. The Cavaliers (11-6, 2-4) were 
forced to play without Deane, toe team's 


second-leading scorer, as he served a 
one-game, NCAA-imposed suspension 


following a semester enrollment mix- 
up. 


each scored twice for the East Dale 
Hawerchuk scored twice for the West. It 
may have been Lemieux's final All-Star 
game: he is contemplating retirement 

With a first-period assist, Wayne 
Gretzky of the Rangers became the 
league’s all-time point leader in All-Star 
competition with 20. 

It was toe eighth All-Star appearance 
for Lemieux, who came into the game as 
toe league ’s scoring leader with 79 points 
on 29 goals and 50 assists. Lemieux, 31. 
is in his 12th season and earns $11 mil- 
lion. Back problems and Hodgkin's dis- 
ease have taken their toll, and sometimes 
he seems weary of. the grind. 

Earlier this season, when his Pen- 
guins were slumping, Lemieux threat- 
ened to boycott the All-Star game, 
which some took as a protest against toe 
lax enforcement of rales against hold- 
ing, hooking and interference, but he 
had a change of heart. His demeanor is 
suggestive of a farewell tour. 

“It will probably be my last year,” 
said Lemieux. who will make his de- 
cision after the season. "It’s always 
special when you see toe light at toe end 
of the tunnel. I wanted to have a chance 
to play in toe All-Star Game one more 
time and not look back next year and 
have regrets about iL” 

It was toe first time since toe Canada 
Cup tournament of 1987 that Lemieux 
played as a teammate of Wayne Gret- 
zky. Until this season, they have been 
members of different conferences at 
All-Star Games, but Gretzky is now in 
toe East, with toe Rangers. 

* T have missed playing with Mario in 
toe Canada Cup. due to his injuries,” 
Gretzky said. “But this may be toe last 
time I play with him, so I’m going to 
enjoy it a Iol” 

The East took a 4-0 lead in toe first 
period when LeClair, Lemieux. Recchi, 
and Hawerchuk beat goalie Patrick Roy. 
But Pavel Bure and Paul Kariya of toe 
West cut it to 4-2 at the first intermission 
by beating John Vanbiesbrouck. 

Lemieux's first goal was set up by 
Gretzky, who sent a pass across toe 
paint of toe goal crease. This led to a 
high shot by Lemieux, and a red light 
tom brought a smile to Lemieux's face. 

The East surged ahead by six goals in 
toe second period, holding a 9-3 lead at 
one point, with Lemieux and Messier 
among the marksmen. 

But the West cut toe deficit to 10-6 at 
toe second intermission, thanks in part 
to two goals by Nolan and Bure’s 
second of toe game. The goalie victims 
for this period were Brodeur for the East 
and Andy Moog for toe West. 


A Flock of Birdies Flies Out 
Of Bob Hope Desert Classic 







By Thomas Bonk 

Zos Angeles Tones Service 


t was toe 16th consecutive victory at 
home for the Hawks. 

Steve Smith added 17 points and 
Christian Laettner 15 for the Hawks. 

Vin Baker led Milwaukee with 15 
points, and Glenn Robinson added 14. 

Tlwhwwilwi iw, i»uii 8 w »» Kevin 
fia rrwr scored a season-high 27 paints 
and keyed a second-half riin for Min- 
nesota. 

Garnett scared 13 points when Min- 
nesota outscored Golden State 40-17 
over a 13 -minute stretch after halftime. 
Sam Mititoell - scored 12 points in the 

spurt andTerry Porter had apairof three- 
point plays as tbe Timberworves tumeda 
72-65 deficit into a 105-89 lead. 

LatreU Sprewell scored 25 points for 
the Warriors. 

M*v*ricfc* io7, Nug— «■ 104 Oliver 
Miller and Chris Gadfog combined to 
score Dallas’s last 10 pomts. 

The Mavericks took charge early in 
toe fourth quarter with a 12-2 ran, in- 
cluding eight points by Gatling, to open 
up a 101-93 lead. Denver, plagued by 
turnovers and poor free- throw shooting 
after that, could not recover. 

Dale Ellis scored 24points for the 
cricks. LaPhonso Ellis and Ervin 
Johnson each had 18 for toe Nuggets. 

Sub* 105, Knfcfca 98 Cedric CebaUos 
scored 31 points as Phoenix, overcame a 


INDIAN WELLS, California — 
Welcome ’ to Indian Wells Country 
Chib, where Desi Araaz was one of toe 
original investors and where Fred and 
Ethel Mettz probably could break par. 

At toe Bob Hope Desert Classic cm 
Saturday, John Cook did nor just break 
par. Thanks to the golf club in Ins hands, 
-par suffered a compound fracture. 


living up to its reputation as nothing 
more than an assembly line for birches. 

Only 1 1 of 128 players failed to break 
par, and the cut was at seven under. That 
still left 81 players to tee it up Sunday. 

It could turn out to be a two-player 
race. Don Pooley pounded a 65 out of 


THIS WEEK ON ifUffOi 


Indian Ridge, but he's six shots back at 
21 -under 267. John Daly and Mark 
O'Meara are next at 20 under. 

Daly, who bad a 66 at Indian Ridge, 
would bave had a lot better chance if not 
for his first-round 73 at La Quinta. 

Cook lives at Mission Hills, and he has 
played Indian Wells more times than 
there are dimples on a golf balL He just 
isn't sure that’s going to be a huge ad- 
vantage. 

“This golf course can yield 62s, but if 
you start pressing, this course can make 
you look foolish,’ ’ he said. . 

Maybe he was just being nice, which 
proves that Cook still had good m a nn ers 
even after ripping the place apart. 

He birdied toe first and the third, then 
really got cranking at No. 5 when he 
began a stretch of four straight birdies, 
two-putting from long distance on both 
par-5 holes on toe front for birdies. 

Cook’s only slip-up was on the par-3 
13th, where bunkoed his tee shot. From 
(here, he birdied the last five holes, never 
once from farther away than 8 feet 

When he finished. Cook sat in the 
scorer's tent and had trouble believing 
an ] 1 -birdie, one-bogey round. 

“I said, ‘Is this right? Is tins right?’ 
You kind of lose trade out there.” he said. 
*' To make ihatmany birdies in roe day, I 
mean, I*m not like counting them as I go 
along.” 


Cook, a desert resident who though! 
cartrivincuDcoIfaveargobecanseras 


13-point halftime deficiL 
New York guards Chris Qti lds a nd 
John Starts were injured in the game. 

Patrick Ewing bad 28 points and 13 
rebounds for tbe Knicks. 


about giving up golfayeargo because his 
career was going nowhere slowly, carved 
a ZO-under-par 62 out of Indian Wells. 

■ - Then he credited local knowledge. ‘ ‘I 
know bow to get to my house quicker 
than anybody else,” be said. 

Since he is now at 24 undo- par, Cook 
is happy, but he isn’t in the lead. That 
distinction belonged once again to Mark 
Calcavecchia, whose 64 at Bermuda 
Dunes gave him a three-shot lead over 
Cook going into Sunday’s final round at 
Indian Wells. 

Calcavecchia produced a tournament 
record 72-hole total of 27 underpar, two 
betetban Tom Kite’s mark of 25 under 
par in 1993. . 

He also tied the PGA Tour 72-hole 
record for shots under par, matching Ben 
Hogan -in 1945 at Portland and Mike 
Soochak in 1955 at San Antonio. 

Calcav ecchia with four con- 

secutive birdies to move ahead of Cook 

and into the lead, then said he hoped he 
would stay calm for the last round. 

“Fm obviously confident,” he said. 

ft’s haM not to fed that way at fathan 
Wells or in this tournament, which is 


The Australian Open 
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FIVE NATIONS RUGBY Wales and France Win p. 1 8 HOCKEY East Beats West p. 1 9 NBA ROUNDUP p. 1 9 



PAGE 20 


World Roundup 



Lionel Cnmaeu/SP 


Alexei Urmanov of Russia at 
the European championships. 


A Flying Start 


figure skating Russian and 
former Soviet skaters dominated 
the opening day as the European 
Figure Skating Championships 
began Sunday in Paris with men's 
qualifying. 

Alexei Urmanov of Russia, the 
Olympic champion from 1994, 
and Yevgeni Pliuta of Ukraine, a 
former junior world champion of- 
ten overshadowed by teammates, 
were first in each of their groups. 
The top 15 of each group moved 
into Wednesday's snort program 
with the final free skating on 
Thursday. 

• Surya Bonaly, the five-rime 
European women's figure skating 
champion, was put back on the 
French team for the champion- 
ships. Bonaly was originally listed 
as a substitute on the official entry 
list. She ruptured an Achilles ten- 
don of her right foot in May. and 
has been slow to recover. (AP) 


India Takes the Lead 


CRICKET Rahul Dravid and 
Saurav Ganguly combined for an- 
other strong fourth-wicket part- 
nership to power India to a 355- 
run lead on the fourth day of the 
third test against South Africa in 
Johannesburg. 

Led by the pair's 108 runs, In- 
dia declared at 266 for eight wick- 
ets to give the home side a target of 
356 in 95 overs for victory. 

South Africa stumbled to start 
the chase, losing opener Andrew 
Hudson for only three runs when 
he pulled back from an Anil 
Kurable delivery that hit the 
stumps. Play ended with South 
Africa scoring four runs for the 
loss of the lone wicket. (AP) 


Peru Defeats U.S. 


soccer German Carty scored 
on a header in the eighth minute to 
lift Peru to a 1-0 upset of the 
United States in the opening 
match of the U.S. Cup in San 
Diego. Carty scored on a perfectly 
placed crossing pass from Paolo 
Maldonado. Carty leaped high 
and pushed the tell past diving 
U.S. goaltender Brad Fridel. (AP) 


De la Hoya Keeps Title 


BOXING Oscar de la Hoya re- 
tained his World Boxing Council 
super lightweight title in Las Ve- 
gas on Saturday, pummeling 
Miguel Angel Gonzalez for 12 
rounds. (AFP) 

• Mauricio Pastrana of Colom- 
bia won the IBF light flyweight tide 
on a split decision over Michael 
Carbajal, the 1988 Olympic silver 
medalist, in Las V-gas. f AP) 


Policeman Killed 


A policeman was killed and 
several others were Injured when 
soccer fans and police clashed in 
Johannesburg on Saturday. Sev- 
eral thousand fans had been re- 
fused entry to a game between the 
Orland Pirates and the Kaizer 
Chiefs. (AFP) 


Sports 


MONDAY, JANUARY 20. 1997 





A Long, Hot Day Ends Bitterly 
For Top Women at Australian Open 


.■nil 



-. \t*f 


Coetzer Wears Down Graf, andAppelmans Beats Martinez 


By Robin Finn 

New York runes Service 


Itamn lin%fati.iL Hnilrv • 

Amanda Coetzer of South Africa hitting a forehand against Steffi Graf. 


Sanchez Vicarious Listless Loss 


By Robin Finn 

New York Times Senue 


MELBOURNE — Confronted by a 
limp second serve on her opponent's 
second match point, Arantxa Sanchez 
Vicario did not make a vintage reply. 
Instead, she plopped a limp forehand 
return into the neL Suddenly confronted 
by the worst Australian Open loss of her 
career, she ran away from the same 
stadium court where she had tw ice been 
a runner-up. 

Sanchez Vicario, a finalist at this 
Open in 1994 and 1995. paid for a 
pedestrian performance in the third 
round Saturday with a 1 - 6 . 6-4. 8-6 loss 
to the 43d-ranked Dominique van Roost 
of Belgium. The underdog exploited the 
Spaniard's listless up-the-middle play- 
making by taking hard-angled risks 
from the backcourt. 

‘ * I let her play, and she got better all 
the time; if you let it go. it happens that 
you can lose the match,” said Sanchez 


Vicario. who hit only nine winners. The 
Spaniard, who has not won a Grand 
Slam since 1994. when she captured 
both the French and U.S. Opens, refused 
to see this setback as an indication that 
her game was slipping. 

"I'm not going to think that 
something is wrong.” said Sanchez Vi- 
cario. "If I became No. I . it's because I 
had the strength, and I know I still have 
that.” She briefly held the top ranking in 
both singles and doubles in 1995. 

Van Roost's victory equaled her best 
Grand Slam result, a round of 16 finish 
here in 1992. 

"My serve was really off.” said 
Sanchez Vicario. whose 6 double faults 
paled in comparison with 1 1 from her 
opponent. 

“1 don't realize at the moment what I 
just did," said van Roost, whose hus- 
band tossed his hat onto the court in 
celebration. “T was just trying to play 
hard and long, trying to go to net to put 
more pressure on her, and it worked." 


MELBOURNE — Down the women 
went, like dominos in willed tennis 
whites, an Australian Open runner-up 
here, a Wimbledon champion there, 
even an Olympic gold medalist And 
then, just when the upsets were becom- 
ing anriclimactic, down went Steffi Graf, 
the only certified icon in the bunch. 

It was a day when the court got so hot 
the players feared it would set their 
sneakers on Fire, a day when one fourth- 
round upset artist feared her brain had 
been broiled alive. 

By its end. when the upset syndrome 
engulfed even the top- seeded Graf, a 
player renowned for letting nothing in- 
terfere with her pursuit of Grand Slams, 
this scorching summer day had created an 
aberration where no fewer than four 
seeded women saw their Australian Open 
hopes expire. 

It also made for a record: With die 
second -seeded Arantxa Sanchez Vi- 
cario, ambushed in the third round, the 
demotions to Graf and the third-seeded 
Conchita Martinez made history of a 
negari ve kind. Never before in the Open 
Era had any Grand Slam event lost all 
three of its top women’s seeds before 
the quarterfinals. 

The demise of Graf, who crumbled. 
6-2, 7-5, on a 120 degree court before a 
steady onslaught of accurate ground- 
strokes from petite but potent Amanda 
Coetzer. proved the most shocking loss 
yet to this event, which was already 
missing both of its defending cham- 
pions, the dethroned Boris Becker and 
the absent Monica Seles. 

Graf went into her match suffering 
from a fever linked to an infection in her 
toe. She eventually made 53 unforced 
errors, for Graf a sure sign of delirium. 

After shaking off a poor opening set 
by taking a 5-2 lead in the second, the 
stubborn 27-year-old German experi- 
enced a rare letdown: She simply could 
not will her body to tackle a third set. 

"I tried everything I could, tried as 
hard as l could, but I just didn’t have the 
energy with the heal.” said Graf, who 
was diagnosed with "heat illness” af- 
terward and excused from her post-match 
obligations. Doctors sent her back to her 
hotel suite to rehydrate and cool down. 

A favorite to win a fifth title here after 
a two-year absence. Graf, who had won 
the last six Grand Slams she entered, 
headlined an overflow of upsets. 

Martinez was undone. 2-6, 7-5. 6-1. 
by a combination of the heat and the 
tenacity displayed by I 6 th-seeded 
Sabine Appelmans, a Belgian player. 

"In the first set, I had the feeling that my 





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Steffi Graf trying to beat the heat during her losing match in Melbourne. 


brain was cooking, really. 1 couldn't 
think.” said Appelmans. She also couldn’t 
recall saving two second-set match points 
and needed to be revived by a tag of 
intravenous fluids after her victory. 
Earlier in the day. No. 5 seeded Alike 


Huber of Germany, last year’s runner- 


up. went crashing out. 6-2, 6-3, a victim 
of the continuing resurgence of the un- 
seeded Mary Pierce. Pierce seems to be 
playing more comfortably here, where 
she won in 1995. now that she’s under 
no pressure to defend the title. 

Much as Huber's 46 unforced errors 
were helpful to the 22d-ranked Pierce, 
the 66 unforced errors belonging to sev- 
enth-seeded Lindsay Davenport played 
a strong supporting role in 23d-ranked 


Kimberly Po’s 7-6 (15-13), 6-4 upset of 
the 1996 Olympic gold medalist 
By comparison, it was a dull day on 
the men’s side, where the only deposed 
seed fell prey to another ranked just two 
spots lower. Fortunately the stadium 
court was starting to be in the shadows 
by the time No. 7 seeded Thomas En- 
qvjst and No. 9 seeded Marcelo Rios 
commenced the 3-hour- 15-minute five- 
setter that produced a mild upset. With 
32 aces and a 4-6. 64, 7-6 (7-4), 6-7 (5- 
7). 6-3 victory over the top Swede, Rios 
became the first Chilean to reach a 
Grand Slam quarterfinal since Ricardo 


turn 

in Hit 


T. 

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Acuna, a qualifier, tried and failed to 
198! 


survive a 1985 Wimbledon quarterfinal 
against Jimmy Connors. 




Sykora and Wiberg Win and Close In on World Cup Slalom Titles 


The Associated Press 

WENGEN. Switzerland — Thomas 
Sykora of Austria improved on his near- 
perfect record as he picked up his fifth 
World Cup slalom victory of the season 
Sunday. 

Sykora, who in six slaloms this sea- 
son has come in five times first and once 
second, appeared invincible, edging out 
his teammate, Thomas Stangassinger. 
and Sebastien Amiez of France, who 
finished second and thinl 

In the women’s competition, Pemilla 
Wiberg won her third slalom and fifth race 
of the season, overwhelming her rivals in a 
lopsided victory on one of the fastest 
slalom courses on the circuit It was her 
18th career victory in the World Cup. 

Last out of the start hut in the second 
run. Sykora managed to master the 
badly deteriorated Lauberhom course to 
post the sixth fastest time of the leg. 

His lead in the first run was enough to 
give him the victory with a two-run 
combined time of 1:34.03. 

“I made a few mistakes," Sykora 
said, “but once you’ve won, you think 
you’ve had the perfect run.” 

Stangassinger. who has come in 
second behind Sykora twice already this 
season, was once again runner-up to his 


teammate, docking an aggregate time 
of 1:34.36. 

Amiez picked up his thud third-place 
finish of the season with 1 :34.68. 

Norway's Andre Kjetil Aamodt 
placed fourth with 1:35.01. while Slov- 
enia's Rene Mlekus was fifth with 
1:35.42. 

Sykora's five wins have given him 
580 points in the slalom standings, an 
overwhelming lead with four races re- 
maining in the season. Stangassinger is 
second with 360 points. Amiez is third 
with 268. 

Sykora's vjctoiy lifted him to third 
place in the overall World Cup stand- 
ings with 582 points. Switzerland's Mi- 
chael Von Gnienigen is at the top of the 
table with 606. just five ahead of 
Aamodt 

Notably absent from both the top of 
the standings and the competition was 
the reigning world champion, Alberto 
Tomba. Stifi recovering from the flu that 
had prevented him from running the 
second leg of the Chamonix slalom, the 
flamboyant Italian did not race. 

Wiberg is closing in on her pro- 
claimed goal for this World Cup season 
— capturing ihe slalom title. In the 
process, she is also getting closer to a 


bigger achievement — the coveted 
overall World Cup title. 

With 18 of 33 races completed, the 
versatile 26-year-old Swedish star is 
leading the overall, slalom and super 
giant slalom standings. 

"After two days of racing. I was a bit 
surprised at how well I did today, es- 


pecially in ray second run, ”_Wiberg 

iesel. 


said Sunday after her victoty in Zwi« 
Germany. "I was very aggressive. It 
pays to take risks. ’ ’ 

Wiberg declined to talk about ber 
chance of taking her first overall title, 
although the numbers speak for them- 
selves. She continues to pick up points 
in all five events and Sunday stretched 
her overall lead over the defending 


champion. Katja Seizinger of Germany 
328 1 


to 328 points. 

Wiberg, the world champion in sla- 
lom, beat Elfi Eder of Austria by a 
whopping 1.69 seconds on the slick 


Nordhang course. Wiberg had a com- 
fortable lead after completing the 62- 


gate first run in 46.82 seconds. Al- 

,i u 


though she didn’t need to take risks in 
the final 


leg. Wiberg blitzed down the 
56-gate second run m 46.70 for a win- 
ning combined time of 1 minute 33.52 
seconds. 


Eder was second with 1:35.21 and 
Deborah Compagnoai of Italy finished 
third in 1:35.60. Compagnoai had woo 
back-to-back giant slalom races die pre- 
vious two days. 

Claudia Riegler of New Zealand, 
who was third after die first run, fell 
halfway through die second run and was 
eliminated. 

Wiberg, who will be among the fa- 
vorites to garner several medals at the 
coming world championships begin- 
ning in two weeks in Sestnere. Italy, 
collected 100 points for the victory. 

She leads the overall standings with 
1,073 points, while her closest rival, 
Seizinger, has 745 after finishing sev- 
enth in Sunday’s slalom. It is Seizinger's, 
best career finish in the discipline. 

Compagnoni, who got 60 points for 
finishing third, completed a fine week- 
end by becoming third in die overall 
standing with 655 points. She also 
moved up to second in the slalom stand- 
ings wim 295 behind Wiberg's 510 
points. 

On Saturday, in Wengen, Kristian 
Gbedina of Italy defeated Luc Alphand 
of France in die men’s downhill for his 
third victory of the season with 
2:2423. 


Alphand was timed at 2:2436, fol- 
lowed by Austria’s Fritz Strobl with 
2:24.62. 

"I was really relaxed and confident 
coming into the race,” Ghedina said. 
“But I didn’t think Luc would be my 
main adversary today. His training runs 
didn't look that great, but on race day he 
becomes a different person. He’s a ra- 
cing beast” 

Alphand. still affected by teammate 
Adrien Duviliard’s training accident the 
previous day, was further hampered 
when he dropped his pole and had it 
dangling out of control around his wrist 
for 100 meters before catching hold of 
it • 7 

Duvillard hit a safely fence near the 
finish line Friday, sustaining head and 
chest injuries. But doctors said he came 
out of a coma Saturday , and was listed in 
stable condition after being released 
from intensive care. 

In Zwiesel on Saturday, Compagnoai 
defe a ted Anita Wachter, winning the 
giant slalom race by nearly a second. 
Seizinger of Germany finished third. ; 

Compagnoni had a combined time of 
2:08.37 seconds for two runs. Wachter 
was timed at 2.-09.27, and Seizinger's 
time was 2:09.87. 


1 



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above ran name. 


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Sweden. .........920-766411 

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