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'Me* VAa 


The World’s Daily Newspap er 

^ Hong Kong 


** London, Tuesday, January 21, 1997 

No. 35,424 4 


£ Proposal to 
Cut Liberties 

Suggestion by Panel 
In Beijing Poses Test 

- * For Chief -in-Waiting 

By Keith Richburg 

Moa/tuigum Post Service 

HONG KONG — With less thrm six 
months left before this territory reverts 
^ to Chinese sovereignty, a panel of ad- 
visers meeting in Beijing has proposed 
drastically curtailing Hoag Kong’s 
newfound civil liberties, provoking 
r.- cries of outrage from local “politicians 

• - and jxrsmg the first real test forCMna’s 

. handpicked chief executive here. Tone 


The panel, made up of Chinese of^ 
finals and pro-Beijing Hong Kong ad- 
visers, has proposed scrapping or 
amending 25 local ordinances, inclnd- 

- ing the colony ’a 1991 bill ©frights. The 
panel said the .rights bill was incon- 
sistent with the Basic Law, the agree- 
ment governing Hong Kong’s transfer 

- to Chinese rule. 

It recommended scrapping three ar- 
ticles of the BUI of Rights Ordinance 

enacted bSore^after itf^ 

- rhe panel also proposed restoring 
power to -the police to ban peaceful 
demonstrations, restoring controls on 

_ groups' having links with overseas or- 
ganizations and rolling back privacy 
: laws that protect personal files and data 

of local citizens. 

The panel, meeting over the week- 
_ end, also recommended scrapping the 
electoral system that produced Hong 
Kong's first fully elected and demo- 
cratic legislature.' 

The rollback of the civil Bbenies and 
the election laws would take effect after 
China assumes coafrol here July l.The 
plan most first bc^apjwoved by the full 
; 1 50-member Preparatory Committee of 
Beijing's handpicked advisers and must 
also be passed by die National People's 
_ Congress, the Qnnese Parixameai. But 
those steps are considered largely per- 
functory, as the decisions of subgroups 
are rarely overruled in China. . 

But the changes pose u dflemma for 
'■\ Mr. Tung, the shipping magnate dudeen 

last month to lead HopgKoDg as the first 
7 | j Chinese administrator after the transfer 
of sovereignty. Those here conconed 
about civil liberties are calling on Mr. 
Tung to reject the proposed changes and 
demonstrate — for the first time —that 
he is willing to stand up to Beijing in 
defense of Hong Kong’s interests. 

In his few public remarks since his 
appointment, Mr. Tung has rarely de- 
viated from a strongly conservative, 
pro- Beijing line, advocating die need 

- for patriotism and asking critics to lower 
their voices when disagreeing with die 

"This is a big test,” said one Hong 
Kong official. "So far, Acre’s been 
very little indication that he’s going to 
deviate Cram the party line.'* 

!• "But he’s got to starr looking like his 
own man oneof these days.” he added. 

The moves, if enacted, would essen- 
tiaUy take Hong Kdog back to the days of 
Draconian colonial rule; erasing Britain's 
- five-year effort to modify laws deemed 
repressive, restrictive or inconsistent 

with Hong Kong’s status as a modem and 

sophisticated international city. 

: Tire United. Democrats, the largest 
single party in the elected legislature, - 
’^mediately Masted the proposed 
Changes, with the party chairman, Martin 
tee. calling them “thoroughly bad.” 

“They will do grave damage to die. 

_ already fragile public and international 
confidence in the handover,' 7 tie said 

Orris Parten, the last British gov- 
ernor, also weighed in Monday, saying: 
“*These proposals are tad news. They 
Me a recipe for confusion and uncer- 
tainty in the operation of oar legal sys- 
tem after Jnne 30.’ ’ 

Mr. Paten, Mr. Lee and others called 
on Mr. Tung to rejectibe changes, shift- 
ing the spoSigbt to the chief executive- ■ 
designate who tad yetto state any public 
f position on the subgroup's proposals. ■ 
' “Hong Kong people now expect him 
. to defend our system against such recr 
ommendations, ’ Mr. Lee said 

Mr. Tung’s views and statem ents — ■ 

' discerned from local officials and visiting 

members of the US. Congress members 
' who have met with him sagged that 

* ydtilehecutsareassuring.ahnostfiuh- 

See HONG KONG, Page 6 

P N a w a atnn d Prices A 

Clinton, Sworn In, 
Vows to Rejuvenate 
‘Our Old Democracy 7 

_ m L*kr tram'.tfVQR' 

President Clinton, trailed by a smiling Newt Gingrich, advancing to the podium Monday for the oath of office. 

Laying Out a Vision of the Future 

But President’s Inaugural Speech Is Short on Practicalities 

By Dan Balz 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — If anyone 
doubted that President Bill Clinton has 
fixed his sights an the history books, 
his inaugural address Monday should 
put that to rest for good. Mr. Clinton's 
speech was an ambitious effort not just 
to seize the future but to define it for 
generujaos to crane. . . . 

Mr. Clinton came to die Capitol with 
grand tiopes far the remainder of his 
presidency; to begin a dialogue with 
the A mer i can people that will help 
them imagine "a laid of new prom- 
ise"— anew era in which the country 
successfully will have navigated 
through the uncertainties of the global 
economy to die prosperity of the in- 
formation age. 

; But his effort to describe the future 
left many gaps to fill inds die second 
term begins. • 

Mr. Clinton did far more to imagine 
the future — a rather rosy future aithat 
— than to deal with the practical prob- 
lems of how to move America across 
his famous bridge to the next century. 

Perhaps that will come later as he 
delivers his State of the Union address 
next month, offers his balanced budget 


plan and use s the bully pulpit of the 
presidency to shape opinion and ac- 
tion. . 

. .. But much remains to do before he 
puts his stamp on a ne w era. 

Four years ago. Mr. Clinton’s in- 
augural address was an echo from his 
1992 campaign: a clarion call for 
change and a focus on jump-starting a 
sluggish economy. 

He promised nothing if not “bold 
experimentation” in attacking the 
problems of the country. 

The speech was rooted in two elec- 
tions that have occurred since be first 
took office: one that brought Repub- 
licans to power in Congress, the other 
that saw him through his own political 

“We have resolved for our time a 
great debate over the role of govern- 
ment.” he said. "Today we can declare 
government is not the problem and 
government is not the solution. We, the 
American people, we are the solu- 

He went on to describe a government 
* ‘humble enough” nor ro tackle every 
problem but “strong enough" to let 
people help themselves, a smaller, 
leaner government that nonetheless 
protects American values at home and 

Within those boundaries lie a thou- 
sand battles of his second term and 

See PRESIDENT, Page 3 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Hrrqhi Tribune 

WASHINGTON — Trying to set 
the tone for an administration that will 
lead Americans into a new millennium. 
Bill Clinton took the oath of office for a 
second presidential term Monday and 
vowed to pursue tirelessly his vision of 
a new century in which Americans 
again embrace traditional values, city 
streets become safe for children, and 
civility defines politics. 

“Guided by the ancient vision of a 
promised land, let us set our sights 
upon a land of New Promise." Mr. 
Clinton said in a 22-minute address 
from a platform on the west side of the 
Capitol. ‘ ‘We must keep our old demo- 
cracy forever young.” 

It was the last inauguration of the 
century, and Mr. Clinton seemed de- 
termined to give it the historical sweep 
it deserved. 

William Rehnquist, chief justice of 
the Supreme Court, administered the 
oath of office for the nation’s 53d in- 
augural. and Mr. Clinton. 50. became 
the first Democrat since Franklin D. 
Roosevelt to be sworn in for a second 
term, and only the 15th president of 
either party ever to be so. 

He stood with his wife. Hillary, on 
one side, and his daughter. Chelsea, on 
the other. 

The platform was shared by mem- 
bers of the Supreme Court. leaders of 
Congress, Vice President A1 Gore and 
other representatives of the executive 
branch — the only occasion when the 
three branches come together in of- 
ficial ceremony. 

On a day that was mercifully mild 
after a weekend of cutting Arctic 
winds, Mr. Clinton exhorted his listen- 
ers to forge a new sense of community, 
to accept new levels of personal re- 
sponsibility and to overcome hatred 
mid differences. Monday was also the 
federal holiday honoring the Reverend 
Martin Luther King Jr., the slain civil- 
rights leader. 

“We cannot — we will not — sue- 

The A<*otuKil Piett 

First lady keeps low profile: pub- 
lic expects civility. Page 2 • Inaug- 
ural address and poem. Page 3. 

cumb to the dark impulses that luric in 
the far regions of the soul, every- 
where,” Mr. Clinton said. 

Adding a fourth word to Mr. King’s 
famous phrase, he said. “We shall 
overcome them.” 

‘ * And we shall replace them with the 
generous spirit of a people that feel at 
home with one another.' ’ he continued. 
“Our rich texture of racial, religious 
and political diversity will be a god- 
send in the 21st century'.” 

As he spoke to the thousands arrayed 
before him between the Capitol and the 
Washington Monument, and to mil- 
lions more watching on television, 
some camera angles captured a telling 

Just behind the president stood a 
smiling Newi Gingrich and a somber 
Trent Lott, the leaders of the new Re- 
publican Congress with whom Mr. 

See CLINTON, Page 3 

At Europe’s Bank, Independence Will Be the Word 

But Its Would-Be Chief Sees little Relief on Jobs Front Before 2000 

New Yortt 


By Alan Friedman and Tom Buerkle 

. liueriunkmai Herald Tribute 

AMSTERDAM — Europe’s future central bank must be 
free of any political interference by governments that join in 
tfe introduction of a single currency, according to die man wbo 
is widely expected to become the central bank’s first bead. 

Wim Duisenberg, head of the Dutch central batik, said in a 
lengthy interview here that the smooth management of 
Europe's economy and the stability of the euro would depend 
on the bank remaining independent. He stressed that this 
independence was guaranteed by the Maastricht treaty on 
jXKHteiare union and could not be changed without a time- 
consuming renegotiation of the accord. 

The controversy has been festering since December, when 
President Jacques Chirac of France called at the Dublin 
summit meeting of European Union leaders for there to be 
polfrical controls over a future central tank. Mr. Chirac also 

appeared to veto Mr. Duisenberg for the top job at the bank. 

The conflict flared up again Monday in Brussels when the 
French foreign minister, Herve de Chare tie, contended at a 
news conference that the bank's first president, which nearly 
all governments have agreed should be Mr. Duisenberg. bad 
not yet been decided. 

Mr. Duisenberg, 61, who will take over in July as president 

Second of three articles 

of the European Monetary Institute, the forerunner of the 
future central bank, also offered a candid assessment of 
Europe’s jobs crisis, saying it would be “extremely difficult” 
before 2000 to reduce the number of the unemployed in the 
EU from its current level of about 18 million. 

When asked how much time would be needed to make even 

See EUROPE, Page 6 

Dutch Rise From the Economic Ashes 

By Charles Trueheart 

AMSTERDAM — Fifteen years ago, the Netherlands was 
an economic basket case. 

Heavy public- spending burdened its economy. Unem- 
ployment registered 22 percent. Generous government 
checks supported a million work-disabled people, many of 
them only nominally so. 

Today, the country has shaken the welfare-state doldrums 
and has created — or re-created — a niche for itself as a low- 
cost, high-productivity, outward-looking player in a global- 
minded Europe. In Paris and Berlin, among international 
institutions and Wall Street brokerages, the Neth- 
erlands is being compared to such economic success stories as 
Singapore. Chile ana New Zealand. 

“What Hong Kong is to China, we are to Germany" die 
Dutch economist Eduard Bomhoff said, referring to the emer- 
gence of “three global supertraders” — Hong Kong, Singa- 
pore and Benelux, as Netherlands and its neighbors Belgium 
and Luxembourg are called. “Everyone understands that.” 

The grounds for such ambition have seldom looked better. 

The Netherlands bad the strongest economic growth in 
Europe last year except for Ireland, and the lowest un- 
employment rate except for Luxembourg. The government is 
delivering on its 1 994 election promise to create 1 00,000 jobs 
a year. 

Rotterdam is the world's busiest port, and Schiphol In- 
ternational Airport in Amsterdam is a major European gate- 
way. International Business Machines Corp.. Nissan Motor 

See DUTCH, Page 6 

The Dollar 

Monoay dose previous ctos» 

1.6265 1.6175 

1.6627 1.6662 

118.05 117.325 

5.484 5.4558 

Monday ctose 

previous dose 

Arnr DcdaVNpBCt Fraucr-Pmsc 

The Netherlands' Wim Duisenberg 
showing the euro banknote designs. 

Hashimoto Sticks 
To Reform Plan 

Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashi- 
moto vowed Monday to press 
ahead with a package of tax in- 
creases and other economic re- 
forms. even as the yen and stock 
market plunged. 

Mr. Hashimoro resisted calls from 
some economists and politicians to 
open another round of government 
spending on stimulus programs. 
Worries about Japan's economy 
drove Tokyo stocks down more than 
3 percent and sent the dollar up 
sharply against the yen. Page 1 1 . 


Serb Police Confront Marchers 

. Nissan Motor 

Finland Is Zooming Into Cyberspace 

By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

Sew York Times Service 

Bahrain — .1 JJOO Din 

Cypres. .C.£U» 


Finland ifcOOFtoL 

GfcraJtar.-.. — £0.85 

Great SM-ȣ 490 

Egypt ~S£ 550 

Jordan 1.250 JO 

Kuwait— — 60QF2s 

Mate—;... — —55a 
Nigeria -.12540 Mata 

Q man 1.250 RWs 

a4aL.-_K3.0O reals 
Rep, frafend-JES 1.00 
Ssudf Arabia .10.00 R 
a : «fca~R12+VAT 
UAE~~— 10-00 Dstl 
U&MLfBr.) -51.20 
Zntatae— 2mS3Q.OO 

9 "770294^80 

HELSINKI — Forget about pay 
phones here. Since nearly a third of 
fioIand’& 5 million people carry mobile 
phones and the number increases by 27 
pyiprgnr a year, fixed phones are be- 
coming -something quaint, almost, a rel- 
ic. - * 

■ indeed, even one-dimensional mo- 
bile phones- are becoming a bit old- 
fashioned. The latest cellular phones 
now send e-mail and permit users to 
wander through the newsgroups and 
World Wide Web sites of the lntemet. 

Nokia’s new 9000-model communic- 
ator, a phone and comparer hybrid no 

bigger than the bulky cellular phones of 
a decade ago. allows Internet access to a 
user who may bending a train, sitting in 
a cafe or standing at a street comer. 

That such a device would be pro- 
duced by a Finnish manufacturer like 
Nokia Qy is fitting: This Nordic country 
is the most wired nation in die world. 
Banking, shopping and socializing are 
migrating from the real world into the 
virtual one at a faster rare here than 
anywhere else; tile habits that distin- 
guish high-technology centers like Sil- 
icon Valley in Northern California or 
Redmond, Washington, are a national 
phenomenon here. 

Why tins country, at one time a neut- 
ral buffer between the northwestern bor- 

der of ibe old Soviet Union and tbe 
capitalist centers of northern Europe, 
became a microcosm of an electronic 
future is unclear. The possible reasons 
being cited include the country's high 
educational levels, the government’s 
spending in basic research and the long 
winter nights. 

Whatever the reasons, the facts are 
striking: According to the latest 

BELGRADE (Reuters) — Serbian 
riot policemen wielding riot sticks 
pushed and struck a handful of 
demonstrators who were among sev- 
eral hunched marching through cen- 
tral Belgrade on Monday, witnesses 
and independent radio said. 

Independent Radio Index said the 
demonstrarore had run up against a 
cordon of riot policemen at Terazije 

Square. More riot policemen then ap- 
proached from another square and 
started pushing tbe protesters, hitting 
a few with riot sticks. 

A municipal court in the capital 
meanwhile, suspended a ruling by the 
electoral commission that the Social- 
ist Party lost elections in Belgrade two 
months ago, giving a boost to Pres- 
ident Slobodan Milosevic. Page 4. 

Shake-Up Ordered in French Legal System 

monthly figures — made public last 
week by John Quartennan, president of 
Matrix Information and Directory Ser- 
vices, a research firm based in Austin, 
Texas — there are 62 Internet-connec- 
ted computers per thousand residents in 

See FINNS, Page 6 

President Jacques Chirac ordered a 
shake-up of the French legal system 
Monday night in an effort to bolster 
the independence of prosecutors and 
to give greater weight to the pre- 

sumption of innocence. Mr. Chirac 
said he was setting up a commission 
to work out within six months the 
means of carrying out the proposed 
reforms. Page 5. 

EUROPE Paso 5, Books Page 9. 

New Role Bhken, Swm Embmsy CrWOTord Page I0 

ASWWClflC Page 7. Opinion Pages 8-9. 

South Korea Reopens for Business Sports Pages 18-19. 




First Lady's Dilemma 1 Defining a New Rele 

Scorched in the First Term, 
Mrs. Clinton Masks Her Clout 

By James Bennet 

Afar York Times Service 

W ASHINGTON — There is some- 
thing startling, and even poignant, in 
the speed with which White House 
spokesmen quash suggestions that 
Hillary Rodham Clinton helps create her hus- 
band’s policies. 

Just last week, for example, Michael McCurry. 
the White House press secretary, did not hesitate 
when asked whether Mrs. Clinton was a “prime 
motivating force” in drawing the administration's 
attention to the plight of the District of Columbia. 

“I'd say it’s more accurate the other way 
around.” he replied. Mr. McCurry said that it was 
President Bill Clinton's interest dial “led a num- 
ber of people throughout the administration to 
think about what they can do to lend support” — 
thereby lumping the president's wife of 21 years 
with assorted unnamed bureaucrats, or “others 
throughout the administration.'' 

But in an interview last week, Hrskine Bowles. 
Mr. Clinton's chief of staff, gave Mrs. Clinton 
more credit. “She is the one that acrually orig- 
inally came to the president with thoughts about 
doing something in D.C..” he said. 

Scorched by the fallout after Mrs. Clinton's 
leadership in seeking universal health care cov- 
erage. the White House has labored to play down 
her influence, describing a conversion from poli- 
cymaker to speechmaker, helpmate and goodwill 
ambassador — a seemingly docile role for an 
accomplished lawyer with more than two decades 
of experience in public life and no shortage of 

But while the White House may lump her 
various causes under the anodyne rubric of * ‘chil- 
dren’s issues,” Mrs. Clinton is still pursuing a far 
broader agenda of causes — from foreign de- 
velopment to immunization in the inner cities to 
expanding financial credit for women — than 
almost any predecessor in the undefined role of 
first lady. 

Mr. Clinton's aides acknowledge that she re- 
mains among the president's most powerful ad- 
visers, and administration officials credit her with 
fighting internally to preserve or increase their 

“I think she's easily the most influential first 
lady in history,” said Michael Beschloss. a his- 
torian of the presidency. 

The evolution of Mrs. Clinton’s rale parallels 
the arc o£the Clinton administration itself. She may 
no longer be hying to rework the nation's health 
care system, but neither is the administration un- 
dertaking such a monumental cause. She may have 
taken to the bully pulpit and embraced politically ; 
milder goals, but then, so has her husband. 

At all levels of the White House, officials walk 
on eggshells when questioned about Mrs. Clin- 
ton's plans. Asked whether he would like to see 
her take more of a public leadership role. Vice 
President Al Gore said quickly: “That is com- 
pletely for her to decide.” 

Mrs. Clinton has been vague about her in- 
tentions during the second term, and she has 
declined most interview requests, including one 
for this article. In an interview broadcast Sunday 
on C-Span. she described the political difficulty of 
spelling out her role as first lady, a position she 
called “a struggle.” 

“On the one hand, people want a wife of a 
president to be concerned and caring about the 
issues confronting the country and to work on 
something of public interest,'" she said. “On the 
ocher hand, they don’t want her to do it in a public 
way on a policy level." 

But she indicated that she would not confine 
herself to noncontroversial issues, offering this 
daunting tongue-twister “I'm not about to start 
caring about things chat I’ve never cared about 
because it’s not appropriate in somebody else's 
mind for me to continue to care about what I've 
always cared about.” 

S OME OF HER ALLIES believe that Mrs. 
Clinton's public image suffered from her 
early honesty about her influence. Pre- 
vious first ladies, they argue, cannily dis- 
counted their impact. “It's almost as if she’s been 
penalized a little bit because she didn't hide ports 
of herself," said one associate, speaking, like 
many, on condition of anonymity. 

taro Coopa/Hw Anaoeucrd Frew 

Mrs. Clinton with Anita Perez Ferguson of the National Women's Political Caucus. 

that wants to pigeonhole Mrs. Clinton, a point Mr. 
McCurry made last week as be minimized Mrs. 
Clinton’s role in the District of Columbia. 1 ‘Every 
time she says anything about any subject,” he 
said, “everyone rushes off to write some new 
tiring about some new role.” 

Mrs. Clinton's devoted friends talk about her 
thoughtfulness, about birthdays remembered and 
losses understood. They describe a complex wo- 
man with a wicked, teasing sense of humor and a 
rollicking laugh. 

And, sadly, they add that that person rarely 

“That’s her formative training,” he said. “She 
was trained to be a woman lawyer, and par- 
ticularly to be a trial lawyer, and had to be more 
determined, more intense, more humorless, to be 

C RITICIZING HER for seeming that way 
in public, he said, was “sort of like 
criticizing a graduate of West Point for 
being too rigid and too militaristic. ” 
Some in the administration said that they have 
learned to count on Mrs. Clinton. “1 don’t think 
that the endowment would be alive today if it 
weren’t for strong White House support, and I’m 
sure she plays a very important role," said Jane 
Alexander, chairman of trie National Endowment 
for the Aits. 

At the Agency for International Development, 
Brian Atwood, the administrator, said of Mrs. 
Clinton's grasp of complex development issues: 
“She understands these issues better titan 90 
percent of the people who operate within the 
foreign policy community.” 

Mrs. Clinton has been working with the agency 
to import to inner cities iessons learned abroad, on 
child immunization, for example, and inexpensive 
techniques to combat diarrhea. 

She has taken a particularly strong interest in 
so-called microenterprise lending, or efforts in 
developing nations and troubled cities to lend 
small amounts of money for new businesses, often 
run by women. 

It is no coincidence, Mr. Atwood said, that tire 
administration is seeking to slightly increase the 
budget for AID next year. “She deserves more 
credit for that,” he said, “than anyone.” 

While the White House may lump her various causes under the anodyne 
rubric of " childrens issues Mrs. Clinton is still pursuing a far broader agenda 
of causes than almost any predecessor in the undefined role of first lady . 

But, since the election, Mrs. Clinton has 
demonstrated that she will not bury her sharper 
views with an avalanche of first-ladylike brom- 

In a speech in Australia in lare November. Mrs. 
Clinton criticized the free market, “which by 
definition knows the price of eveiything but the 
value of nothing,” and reported that in the United 
States, women were still striving “to claim their 
share of personal, political, economic and civic 

“Will we stop pigeon-holing women and in- 
voking stereotypes that limit their potential?” she 
asked, posing a question she might welt put to 
some or her husband’s staff. 

Many in the White House believe it is the press 

comes across in public, because she has to be 

“You can see her sometimes almost censoring 
the first and second and third tiring that comes into 
her head,' ’ said Diane Blair, an old friend who is a 
political science professor at the University of 

But others say that Mrs. Clinton was trained to 
be publicly stem. 

Michael Conway, another old friend, noted that 
only 10 percent of the students in Mrs. (Hinton's 
Yale Law School class were women. And when 
the two of them worked together on the House 
Judiciary Committee's impeachment inquiry of 
Richard Nixon, he said, two of the 40 lawyers 
were women. 

crreign policy community.” 

Mrs. Clinton has been working with the agency 

For 2d Term, 
Are Upbeat 
But Cautious 

By Richard L. Berke 

Netv York Tones Service 

WASHINGTON — As the country 
prepared for President Bill Clinton’s 
second inauguration Monday, the 
American people maintained high 
hopes for uncommon bipartisan cooper- 
ation even though the capital was riven 
by battles over the ethics controversies 
enveloping both parties. 

But while the latest New York Times/ 
CBS News Poll showed the public was 
optimistic that there would be harmony, 
it also made clear that Americans had 
lower expectations about what they 
viewed as particularly intractable prob- 
lems facing the nation. Far fewer than 
half of those polled said they expected 
progress toward balancing the budget, 
restraining entitlement costs and re- 
forming the way campaigns are fin- 

In another manifestation of the pub- 
lic's upbeat feeling but caution about 
the future, Americans gave a higher 
rating to the way things are going in the 
country than they did four years ago. 
But theytwere more uncertain about the 
future than they were when Mr. Clinton 
took the oath four years ago. 

Even as the ethics accusations against 

Assessment of Presidents and Problems 


How would you rate the condition of the 
national economy these days? 

Percent responding ... 


oiv'airly bad;. 


Do you approve or disapprove ot ttie way 
President Clinton le handling Ms job as 


Bid Clinton ■BRSI 

January 1997 WBum 

Ronald Reagan kjjjg,; . " 

January 1 985 Wfi* ■ ■ » 

Five years from now, things in the 
United States win be bottei/warae than 

Richard Nixon 

January 1973 

79 W ‘83 W W W TO W W 

What do you think is the most Important 
problem teeing the country? 

Jammy 1983 JaniwyHW? 
Economy&Jobs 52% 11% 

.■J*** A 

Health cam 9 4 

Crime 3 13 

•••*- ■ -\ r-rmm 

Education 2 6 

■ WMte* ■:* ... ' : : m-- •• ; ■ , “ 

Poverty 3 3 . 

. SwMiMWtf' v v, ■ V .. »;•••/ >: 

Government spending 0 3 

Other; •■■■«,/ U-; *. »).?. S 

Don’t know 3 4 

Tha Nixon job approval rating ® from a January 1 973 Gallup poU AS other Agues are from nabomnds telephone pots ccnduaed by The New York Times and CBS News. The latest km conducted January 14-17 uritti 1,307 aduXs. 

the House speaker. Newt Gir\grich of 
Georgia, and the campaign finance 
problems that confront the Democrats 
drew attention from the inaugural fest- 
ivities and exacerbated partisan hos- 
tilities, 66 percent of the Americans 
polled said that they thought Mr. Clin- 
ton and the Republicans who control 
Congress would be able to work to- 
gether on the most important issues. 

The poll of 1,307 adults nationwide, 
conducted by telephone Tuesday 
through Friday, found that Mr. Clin- 
ton’s job performance rating, at 60 per- 
cent was at the highest level of his four 
years in office. 

Given that the poll’s margin of 
sampling error is plus or minus three 
percentage points, the rating ties stat- 
istically with the 62 percent rating Pres- 
ident Ronald Reagan drew at the start of 
his second term. 

Overall. 66 percent of the Americans 
polled said they were “generally op- 
timistic" about the next four years with 
the president. 

While Mr. Gingrich’s approval rating 
was at rock bottom, 15 percent, that in 
itself did not appear to have dampened 
the public's expectations about bow 
much Congress can accomplish. The 
job approval rating of Congress stood at 
45 percent, the highest level since 1 991 . 
Slightly more than half of the Amer-. 
icons polled said that they expected 
Congress to accomplish more than it 
usually does in a two-year period; 26 
percent expected fewer accomplish- 

Despite the president's move to the 
center in his re-election campaign, Mr. 
Clinton will be leading a country whose 
partisan leanings have not changed ap- 
preciably in the last four years. The 
public is still closely split among those 
who describe themselves as Democrats, 
Republicans and independents, the poll 
showed, and more Americans continue 
to call themselves more conservative 
than liberal. 

In contrast with two years ago, the 
public viewed Mr. Clinton and the con- 

gressional Republicans as much more 
evenly matched. Forty percent of the 
Americans polled said tibe president 
would have more influence over the 
direction of the country; 50 percent said 
Republicans in Congress would have 
more influence. In January 1995, when 
the first Republican majority in 40 years 
took over both chambers of Congress, 
78 percent of respondents said Congress 
would have more influence. Only 14 
percent cited Mr. Clinton then. 

The president’s advisers have de- 
scribed him as extremely concerned 
about his place in history. At the start of 
Mr. Gin ton's second term, the public 
has rendered a mixed verdicc 40 percent 
said he had been a “good" or “very 
good’ ’ president; 47 percent said he had 
been “average" and 13 percent de- 
scribed him as "poor." 

Beneath their general sense that the 
parties would try to work in harmony, 
people expressed doubts when asked 
about specific issues. Only 45 percent 
said Mr. Clinton and congressional Re- 

publicans would make progress toward 
balancing die budget in the next four 
years; 52 percent said that the leaders 
would not. Only 39 percent said they 
would be able to resolve most of the 
problems with Medicare funding; 56 
percent said they would not And only 
36 percent expected the parties to re- 
solve most of the problems with Social 
Security funding; 58 percent say they 
would noL 

Those who expected little progress 
that said they were dubious largely be- 
cause the problems were inherently too 
complicated, rather than because of par- 
tisan rancor. 

On another matter that the parties 
have squabbled over for years, reform- 
ing the campaign finance system, 39 
percent said the president and Repub- 
licans would make significant progress, 
while 50 percent said they would not. 

But those who foresaw little progress 
were highly skeptical that the president 
and Congress were truly serious about 
wanting reform. 

For the Few, 
A Quick Line 

To the Chief 

By Peter Baker 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON— Carolyn Staley 
knew that day last week had to be hard 
on her old friend Bill Clin too. The Su- 
preme Court was bearing arguments 
connected to a sexual harassment case 
against him. So she sal down at her 
computer keyboard, tapped out a short 
keep-your-chin-up note and popped it 
into the fax. machine. 

At the other end of the line, the page 
scrolled out onto a fray in a cubbyhole- 
sized room just off the Oval Office 
where it was read by Mr. Qintoa and, 
Ms. Staley hopes, provided at least a 
little solace at a difficult time. 

Ms. Staley is part of an exclusive 
group of Americans who have a private 
pipeline to the president of the United 
States. After he took office in 1993, Mr„ 
Clinton setup a special fax line and eveijr 
a secret Zip code just for friends and 
relatives, much as his predecessor did, 
so they can keep in touch, with him 
without being lost hi the swirl of a White 
House mail room that processes mil- 
lions of letters a year. - . • . 

As he settles in for another four years 
in the nation's most closely guarded 
home, that connection, to the outside 
world is more important than ever for 
the presidential psyche. • 

In private, Mr. Clin ten often ex- 
presses frustration al the constrictions of 
the White House. The “Dear Bill” let- 
ters he gets, lie has told people.keep him 
grounded and in toum with , Middle 
America. 7 

“The president from tbe very be- 
ginning was determined not to get 
trapped in the bobble of the Oval Office, 
so he set up these alternate lines of 
communication, * ’ said George Stephan- 
opoulos, the president’s former senior 
adviser. ' • : 

As many as 15.000 Iettersaday am# 
at the White House, jtexpugh nomfe 
channels, and the president sometimes 
will leaf through a sampling of them. 
But he is religious about reading the 
ones teat come through the personal 
conduit, ranging from 100 to 500 a 
week, and sometimes responds within 
hours. ; 

WMfe many friends say they are loath 
because of die constraints on his time 
simply to pick up the telephone, as they 
did in the old days, they feel that written 
messages can convey their thoughts and 
friendship almost hire a running con- 
versation. • 

. Sometimes the letters are of the pid<- 

. me-up variety Ms. Staley wrote after tee 
deaths of. Commerce- Secretary Ronald 
Brown and Admiral Jeremy Boonfl 
Sometimes they are homespun accounts 
of goings-on back in Arkansas, how the 
kids are doing on the soccer field and so 
forth.' • 

And sometimes they provide a Wt df 
political reconnaissance from the field, 
a sense of what regular voters are think- 
ing- !'<«- 

Mr. Clinton has told associates teat/* 
long before any polls detected it, he got 
an early warning from his personal co<- 
. respondence of the electoral avalanche 
in store for his party in tee 1994 midterm 
congressional elections. 

Mr. CUnton’s friends have learned 
teat their missives have quiet influence. 
The president has been known to circle 
something in a letter and pass it on to a 
top aide or cabinet secretary. 

- When the president was trying to sell 
the country on the Norte American Free 
Trade Agreement, his boyhood be$t 
friend, David Leopold os, wrote to say 
he did not think the administration was 
doing a good job of explaining how the 
deal would benefit average workers. It 
was one thing to say it would create 
jobs, he wrote, but people like him 
wanted to know where, bow and whyJ 
After his letter, Mr. Stephanopoulos 
told Mr. Leopoulos, the president had 
his staff retool a NAFTA speech to 

• '4 

v '.i- * 

■ - 'sK . 


‘ Nobody down tee hall’s going to 
tell him that,” said Mr. Leopoulos, h 
software company executive in Little 
Rock. “I think it rings true, when it's 
somebody out in tee field like nc'v 
self.”. . 

■ J 

Last Cruise for the Britannia 

PORTSMOUTH. England — The royal yacht Brit- 
annia, a symbol of the days when Britain ruled tee waves, 
left Monday on its final voyage. It will help mark the end 
of British rule in Hong Kong. 

The luxurious yacht, which costs about£10 million ($ 1 7 
million) a year to run and has a crew of 234, is being taken 
out of service after 44 years afloat. Prince Charles will sail 
on it out of Hong Kong a few minutes after midnight July 
1, when tee colony is handed back to China. 

Living in the U.S.? 

Now printed in New York 
for same day 
delivery in key cities. 

To subscribe, call 
1-800-882 2884 
(in New York, call 212-752-3890) 

-7* t a ivren>vnijMi.FM 

licralo ^fe .fcrtbuitc 

.the woRurs tuny nct sihpf.h 

Athens Asks Seamen to End Strike 

ATHENS (Reuters) — A government spokesman called on 
Greek seamen Monday to return to work after a court ruled 
teat their strike was illegal. 

The seamen's eight-day strike, affecting all ships with 
Greek crews, has kept most vessels idled at ports. 

“They must consider the responsibilities for the social and 
j political cost of the strike,” said the spokesman, Dimitris 
Reppas. The seamen’s union has defied the court ruling and 
has vowed to press on with its campaign for better pensions, 
insurance and rax treatment. 

“I Civil aviation staff suspended stoppages that had crippled 
air transport since Friday, but threatened to resume the action 
if their economic demands were not met. 

Malaysia to Probe Airline Service 

KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) — The government has 
initialed an inquiry into Malaysia Airlines following reports 
that the stale carrier's service had deteriorated because of lack 
of staff. Deputy IVime Minisrer Anwar Ibrahim said. 

The Berira "Harian newspaper reported Saturday that a 
shortage of pilots and cabin crew members was affecting the 
airline's service. 

The Bemama news agency quoted Transport Minister Lang 
Liang Sik as saying teat his ministry would meet with airline 
officials to investigate the matter and find a solution. 

The airport in Sofia reopened Monday afternoon after 
dense fog that had kepi it closed since Sunday cleared, an 
i airport official said. International airlines had canceled fliahts 
| because they were unable to land. (Reuters l 


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Vignettes From a Presidential Swearing-In: The Names and the Games 

Coaf Organizer, 

Not a Hanger-On 

W A. Clminrno. . 


** *** 'Goode 
Njwt/MTV pre-maugura] bash at 

foraiwS f ■ Gdlei y was not Hil- 
Clinton, the pop 
Sb ?7 1 Crow, Jimmy SnticL 
•?I2 k* ™S““- Senators Patrick 
Tom Daschle, Donna 
ShaJa!a, the actor Kevin Spacey, 
or Carl Benisiem, Lauren Hutton 
or even Miss America. 

24-year-old Allyson 
a professional coat or- 
•gnt^r who oversaw the 20 coat- 
Cnockers keeping tabs oa about 
-,000 sets of ear muffs, scarves, 
gloves, mufflers and coals, many 
of mem fur-flecked, that weretbe 
tashion statement of necessity for 
star-gazing revelers braving the 
cold here Saturday night 
Bill Clinton may have wanted 
an wclusive, populist inaugural 
weekend. But for the elite at the 
Corcoran, it was all veiy much 

inside the peltway. It may not 

have been as euphoric as the first 

around, though . the 
™*ansans swirling around the 
Mayflower Hotel would disagree. 
But around town during the week- .. 
®d. the inauguration as a social 
ritual was in full flower and neatly 
everyone — - Hispaaic-Anreric- 
ans, American Indians, Carib- 

wcou-^uiKaicaiis, gay men and 
lesbians, artists andeven the not-. 
so-wdQ-connected — was having 
abalL (NYT) 


Surprise Guest 

W ill ia ms Ts In shock — but 
happy. The 85-year-oJd -Califor- 
nia woman, who mistook a com 1 
meraorarive invitation to Presi- 
dent Clinton’s inauguration for 
the real thing and journeyed 'to 
Washington for (he occasion, re- 
ceived.the royal treatment. 

Ms. Williams, a Democratic 
Party activist from Los Angeles, 
got a private tour of the White 

House, attended the Presidential 
Inaugural Gaia and had a seat at 
Mr. Clinlon's ceremonial swear- 
ing-in, plus two tickets to the 
Arkansas ball — all compliments 
of the Presidential Inaugural 

“I’ve had so much attention, I 
don’t know whether to cry or 
shout/’ Ms. Williams said, a bit 
giddy as she headed off to the gala 
at the US Air Arena. 

' Without the committee s inter- 
cession, her invitation would have 
entitled her to no more than what 
other members of the general pub- 
lic could do: attend public events 
such as the fireworks and Mall 
activities and stand along the In- 
augural Parade route, from the 
Capitol to the White House. Ms. 
Wflliams said she thought the in- 
vitation, topped with an impress- 
ive inaugural seal, offered a tittle 
more: a seat at the swearing-in 
and perhaps a handshake from the 

When word reached inaugur- 
ation organizers that she had 
flown from California to Dulles 

International Airport on Friday 
and washoledup ina Holiday Inn, 
confused and lacking money for a 
taxi ride into Washington, the In- 
augural Committee leaped into 

In addition to the White House 
tour and other red carpet treat- 
ment, she received a gift bag bul- 
ging with inaugural goodies; a 
blanket, a polo shirt and a dinner 
plate, all embossed with the in- 
augural seal, as well as a necklace, 
a picture frame and other items. 

The bag also contained a per- 
sonal note from Debbie Willhite, 
the Inaugural Committee’s co-ex- 
ecutive director, apologizing for 
“any confusion or inconveni- 
ence.” (WP) 


Cinderella Time 

WASHINGTON — Everyone 
should go to an inaugural ball. 
Once. The balls are the whipped 
cream, the final flourish atop the 
ceremony, pageantry and 
otism of the inauguration. 

are elegant, if you can call a black - 
tie political pep rally elegant. 
They are fun, if squeezing into an 
overfilled ballroom can be con- 
sidered fun. And they are excit- 
ing, especially for those who are 
not too jaded or too inside-the- 
Beltway to call this quadrennial 
prom exciting. 

True, the drinks were over- 
priced. The food was not exactly 
gourmet (they served peanuts at 
Jimmy Carter’s balls). And we 
won't even get into Coat Check 

But thousands of Cinderellas 
come to Washington for these 
events and leave raving thru their 
ball was the most thrilling, mem- 
orable night of their lives. (WP) 

Sound of Dissent 

WASHINGTON — The amp- 
lified question boomed down the 
dusty Mall: “Was he a contempt- 
ible hypocrite?” 

Those startled people who 

paused to inquire amid the cel- 
ebratory inaugural crowds were 
soon reassured that Thomas Jef- 
ferson. not any live political lead- 
er. was under discussion in the 
American Journey tent. 

They resumed their meander- 
ings across a spindly “Bridge to 
the 21st Century” and on toward 
the American Kitchen Tent’s of- 
ferings that waited, as toothsome 
as the grand ideas being hawked 
ai neighboring inaugural tents. 

It was that kind of weekend on 
the capita] Mall: A grand display 
of innocent hope laced with cyn- 
ical doubt energized the crowds 
packing the tent-city festivities as 
Americans wandered in search of 
a touch of history on the eve of 
Mr. Clinton's second inaugura- 

Pete Caplan joyously played 
“Hail to the Chief’ on a kazoo as 
he led a ragtag band of guerrilla 
theater intruders to mock the in- 

igural festivities. 
Just : 

as inspirational Yankee 
Doodle tales were being offered 
in the Discovery Theater rent, the 

uninvited actors wended their 
way down the Moll to remind 
Americans of their current polit- 
ical leaders’ problems with big- 
money campaign-financing scan- 

“The Best Government 
Money Can Buy.” proclaimed a 
sign wielded by a player done up 
in an oversized Clinton mask 
bearing a lugubrious stare with a 
fortune in stage money bulging 
from his pockets. A neighboring 
character applied “Uppo Suc- 
tion” to the president with a 
plumber's plunger in an allusion 
to the interest of foreign business 
in Mr. Clinton's record re-elec- 
tion fund raising. 

“Seeing all the solemnity and 
hoopla, we needed to poke a hole 
in the occasion.” Mr. Caplan ex- 
plained as a visitor. Kathy Burch- 
field from Hoi Springs, Arkansas, 
had to laugh out loud despite her 
Clinton partisanship. “Very 
winy.” she said amid a merry 
crowd watching the troupe com- 
plain about the $43 million cost of 
the inaugural celebration. (NYTl 

Boo E«bmaift&/Ih* rtutii ilml Praia 

Bill Clinton delivering his inaugural address bn Monday after being sworn in. 

The People Are the Solution 9 

President Urges Americans to Come Together 

The Ajsocuped Press 

F o Hawing are excerp tsfrxxn President B ill 
Ctiiiton's inaugural address on Monday. 

At this last presidential inauguration of die 
20th century. Ict us lift our eyes toward the 
challenges mat await us in foe next century. It 
isour great good fortune that time aid chance 
have put us not only cm the edge of a new 
century, in. a new zafflemaum, but on the 
edge of a bright new project in human 
affaire. A moment that wifl define our course, 
and our character for decades to crane. 

We must keep our old democracy forever 
young. Guided by the ancient vision of .a 
promised land, let us set our sights upon a 
land of New Promise. 

At the dawn of the 21st century, a free 
people must choose to shape the farces erf 
die information age and the global society, 
to unleash die brmtiess potential of all our 
people and form a more perfect union. 

In these four years, we nave been touched 
by tragedy,- exhilarated by challenge, 
strengthened by achievement. America 
stands alone as the world's indispensable 
nation. Once again, our economy is the 
strongest on earth. 

And once again, we have resolved for our 
time a great debate over the role of gov- 
ernment Today we can declare: Govern- 
ment is not this problem and go vernment is 
not the solution. We, the American people, 
we are the solution. Our founders under- 
stood that wed, and gave us a democracy 
strong enough to endure for centimes, flex- 
ible enough to face our common challenges 
and advance our common dretuns. 

As times change, so government must 
change. We need a new government far a 
new century, a government humble enough 
not to try to solve all our problems for us, 
but strong enough to give us the tools to 
solve our problems for oureelves. A gov- 
ernment that is smaller, lives within its 
means and does more with less. 

Yet where it can stand up for our values 
and interests around the world, and whore it 
can give Americans the power to make a 
real difference in their everyday lives, gov- 

enaneut should do mare, not. less. Tile 
preeminent mission of our new government 
is to give >U Americans an opportunity — 
not a guarantee — but areal opportunity to 
build better lives. 

alone cannot do. Teaching children to read. 
Hiring people off welfare roles. Coming out 
dows to help reclaim our streets from drugs, 
and gangs mid crime. 

Each and every one of us, in our own 
way, must assume personal responsibility 

— not only for ourselves and our families, 
but for our neighbors and our nation. 

Our greatest responsibility is to embrace 
a new spirit of community for a new cen- 
tury. For any one of ns to succeed, we must 
succeed as one America. 

The challenge of our past remains the 
challenge of our future: Will we be one 
nation, (me people, with one common des- 
tiny — or not? 

The divide of race has been America’s 
constant curse. Each new wave of immi- 
grants gives new targets to old prejudices. 
Prejudice and contempt, cloaked in tbe pre- 
tense of religious or political conviction, are 
no different. They have nearly destroyed us 
in the past. They plague us still. 

They torment the lives of millions in 
fractured nations around the world. 

These obsessions cripple both those who 
are hated, and of course those who hate. 
Robbing both of what they might become. 

- We cannot — we will not — succumb to 
the dark impulses that lurk in the far regions 
of the soul, everywhere. We shall overcome 
them, and we shall replace them with the 
generous spirit of a people who feel at home 
with one another. 

As we look back at this remarkable cen- 
tury, we may ask, "Can we hope not just to 
follow, but even to surpass tbe achieve- 
ments of the 20th century in America and to 
avoid tbe awful bloodshed that stained its 

To that question, every American here 
and every American in our land today must 
answer a resounding “Yes.” 

4 In the Hands of Children 5 

Inaugural Poem Praises the Cycle of Renewal 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Miller Williams, tak- 
ing his signal from President Bill Clinton's 
vision of tbe nation’s future, said in veise 
Monday that perfecting America’s promise 
was a task needing constant renewal. 

Mr. Williams is a fellow Arkansan and 
longtime friend of Mr. Clinton's. The pres- 
ident has said he has a fondness for Mr. 
Williams’ poems. The honor of standing in 
the spotlight at an inauguration has fallen oily 
to two other poets: Robert Frost, at John 
Kennedy's swearing-in in 1961, and Maya 
Angelou, at Mr. Clinton’s first in 1993. 

Following is the text of Mr. Williams's 
inaugural poem. “Of History and Hope.*’ 

We have memorised America , 

how it was bom and who we have been and 

In ceremonies and silence we say the 

telling the stories, singing the old songs. 

We like the places they take us. Mostly we 

The great and all the anonymous dead are 

We know the sound of all the sounds we 

The rich taste erf it is on our tongues. 

But where are we going to be, and why. and 

* The disenfranchised dead want to know. 

- We mean to be the people we meant to be. 

to keep on gomg where we meant to go. 

But how do we fashion the future? Who can 
say how 

except in the minds of those who will call it 

The children. The children. And how does 
our garden grow? 

With waving hands — oh, rarely in a row — 
and flowering faces. And brambles, that we 
can no longer allow. 

Who were many people coming together 
cannot become one people falling apart. 
Who dreamed for every child an even 

cannot let luck alone turn doorknobs or 

Whose law was never so much of the hand 
as the head 

cannot let chaos make its way to the 

Who have seen learning struggle from 
teacher to child 

cannot let ignorance spread itself like rot. 
We know what we have done and what we 
have said, 

and how we have grown, degree by slow 

believing ourselves toward all we have 
tried to become — 

just and compassionate, equal, able, and 

All this in the hands of children, eyes 
already set 

on a land we never can visit — it isn’t there 

but looking through their eyes, we can see 
what our long gift to them may come to 

If we am truly remember, they will not 

Away From Politics 

• Nearly 600 more digital earthquake 
measurement stations will be added across 
Southern California to provide faster infor- 
mation cm where damage has occurred. More 
detailed maps would tell authorities where to 
concentrate their rescue efforts. (LAT) 

• The rapid growth in the Dumber of people 
in U.S. jails and prisons slowed last year for 
the first time in a decade, according to a study 
by the Justice Department, reflecting at least 
in part a decline in the crime rate over the last 
five years. At the end of June 1 996. there were 
1,630,940 people in federal and state prisons 

and local jails, an increase of 4.4 percent over 
the previous year, compared with an average 
annual growth rate of 7.8 percent. (NYT / 

• An abortion clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma, that 

was firebombed on New Year’s Day was 
struck anew by two bombs that caused minor 
damage but no injuries. tAP) 

• The buffalo in Yellowstone National Park, 
a herd already being killed by man in record 
numbers once the beasts leave the safety of the 
park, may be decimated by extreme winter 
weather. Deep snow that came early to the 
park froze into a thick crust that the buffalo 
cannot get through to graze. They are sur- 
viving on bark aim pine needles. (AP) 

PRESIDENT: Sketching a Vision of the Future 

Continued from Page 1 

ultimately the answer to whether be or tbe 
Republicans in Congress define the future. 

Mr. Clinton’s rhetoric rarely offers direct 
challenges to the people; he prefers to play the 
preacher and tbe conciliator. But his speech 
underscored how much his own vision of the 
land of promise depends on the collective 
participation of the people rather than the 
dictates of government 

“There is work to do, work that govern- 
ment alone cannot do: teaching children to 
read, hiring people off welfare rolls, coming 
out from behind locked doors and shuttered 
windows to help reclaim our streets from 
drugs and gangs and crime, taking time out of 
our own lives to serve others,” he said. 

In Mr. Clinton's formulation, every Amer- 
ican must assume responsibility “not only for 
ourselves and our families but for our neighbors 
and our nation. ” That is (he spirit of community 
that animates his vision of the future. 

What goes unsaid for now is who organizes 
these efforts, who funds them and who be- 
comes accountable for their success or failure. 
That is part of the essence of democracy, even 
one redefined as Mr. Clinton is trying to do. 

The symbolism of Monday's inaugural 
helped underscore Mr. Clinton's vision of tbe 
land of promise: a future enriched by diversity 
not fractured by it. 

“Our rich texture of racial, religious and 
political diversity will be a godsend in the 21 si 
century,” he declared, and the ceremonies on 
the West Front of the Capitol bore testimony 
to his hopes. 

But Mr. Clinton warned: “The divide of 
race has been America's constant curse, and 
each new wave of immigrants gives new 
targets to old prejudices. Prejudice and con- 
tempt cloaked in the pretense of religious or 
political convictions are no different. 

“We cannot, we will not succumb to the 
dark impulses that lurk in the far regions of die 
soul everywhere.” 

CLINTON: ’We Must Keep Our Democracy Forever Young, ’ President Says as He's Sworn In Again 

Continued from Page 1 

inton will share power. 

Most of the applause from the crowd ar- 
rcd beneath the stand was polite, muffled by 
>ves and mittens and sometimes coming 
ly after a slight pause. 

But tbe loudest and wannest response, 
nctuaied by enthusiastic whistles, came 
an Mr. Clinton called for bipartisan co- 
nation in the capital. 

Mr. Clinton said that in choosing a Demo- 
nic president and a Republican Congress, 
nericans were saying mat they would not 
erate “the politics of petty bickering ana 
:reme partisanship they plainly deplore. . 
The people, he sard, “call on us instead to 
iair uk breach, and to move on with Amer- 
l*s eternal nussioa.” •••_ . _ . . 

And in a nod to Republican priorities, me 
ssideat pledged that he would work toward 
sating a learner but more efficient govem- 

“We need a new gaveramem ror a new 
ituty,” be said, “a government humble 
wgh nor to try to solve aB our problems for 
but strong enough to give os toe tools to 
ve our problems for oundvcs. 1 

But he said Americans had to contribute 
more, to forge “a new spirit of community.*’ 

“We need a new sense of responsibility for 
a new century,” be said, tbe monmil’s gray 
cloud cover dissipating as if on cue. ‘ There is 
work to do, work that government alone can- 
not do. Teaching children to read, hiring 
people from welfare rolls,” reclaiming the 
streets from drugs and crime. 

Mr. Clinton also urged Americans to over- 
come the racial and religious divisions he said 
were among the greatest challenges facing the 

“WBl we be one nation, one people, with 
one common destiny — of notT* he asked. 
“Will we all come together, or come apart? 
The divide of race has been America’s con- 
stant curse.” 

“Prejudice and contempt cloaked in the 
pretense of religious conviction are no dif- 
ferent,” be said, and added: “They fuel the 
fanaticism of terror and they torment die lives 
of millions.” 

Mr. Clinton, who lias delivered some of 
what are considered his most compelling 
speeches on the questions of race and pre- 
judice. offered a statement on the subject 
Monday morning by attending services at a 

mainly black church in central Washington, 
the first time a president had done so on an 
inaugural morning. 

Members of Mr. King's family shared the 
platform, and a daughter of Jesse Jackson, the 
civil-rights leader, sang the “Star Spangled 

This was a sparer ceremony than the one 
four years ago, when Mr. Clinton arrived from 
Arkansas — a fresh-faced, 46-year-old gov- 
ernor full of untested ideas. 

The crowd was smaller, and only minutes 
before the inaugural parade began, passers-by 
without tickets were being energetically 
ushered into a still-empty stand barely a block 
from the White House. “They want to fill up 
the bleachers,” an elderly volunteer said. “It 
looks good on TV.” 

But people screamed with delight when the 
three Clintons, at file beginning of the parade, 
descended from the armored Cadillac with the 
“USA 1” license plates and walked to their 
places in the reviewing stand. 

Unlike four years ago, Mr. Clinton will be 
sharing power in Washington with a Re- 
publican-dominated Congress that has resist- 
ed many of his initiatives. 

But the inauguration was his day, and it 

found him riding a record-high popularity 
rating in some opinion surveys: 60 percent in 
a New York Times/CBS News Poll, for In- 
stance. That is higher even than the 56 percent 
he enjoyed when he took the oath four years 

That might have something to do with tbe 
health of the economy and the continued 
bullishness of the stock market. And despite 
the many scandals shadowing the White 
House, Mr. Clinton seems to have won some 
credit because he has helped keep the nation 
on a relatively even keel. 

His success in working with a potent Re- 
publican Congress could determine how his- 
tory judges him, and he had continued his 
bipartisan gestures in the past week, saying he 
wished the controversy in the House of Rep- 
resentatives over the ethics of the speaker. Mr. 
Gingrich, was over with, and honoring his 
Republican opponent in the election. Bob 
Dole, with the Presidential Medal of Free- 
dom, the nation’s highest civilian award. 

When Monday's cheering stops, however, 
the president will be left with the knowledge 
of how troubled most second terms have been 
and of the many serious challenges facing him 
and the nation. 


He Can't Cut the Mustard 

WASHINGTON — Old Washington disputes, no mat- 
ter how weightless, never die. They don't even fade 

So there was James Miller, a Reagan administration 
budget official — and would-be Virginia senator — 
testifying at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on a 
balanced-budget amendment. 

Senator Patrick Leahy. Democrat of Vermont, who 
opposes the amendment as a gimmick, couldn't resist 
tweaking Mr. Miller about the Reagan administration's 
move in 1981 to save money by declaring ketchup a 
vegetable for children taking part in the school lunch 
program. Mr. Leahy called the move silly. 

“No, it was not.’’ Mr. Miller rejoined. It was, he said, 
“an effort to maximize protein for kids in school lunch 

Since there is no protein in ketchup, this left everyone 
confused, so the committee moved to other topics. tWPi 

Committee Appraves Albright 

WASHINGTON — The Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee voted unanimously Monday to confirm 
Madeleine Albright as secretary of state. 

Full Senate approval is expected Wednesday. She would 
become the highest-ranking woman ever in the federal 
government (API 

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Belgrade Court Delays 
Ruling for Opposition 

Milosevic and Socialists Get a Reprieve 


BELGRADE — A municipal court 
on Monday suspended a ruling by the 
Serbian electoral commission that Pres- 
ident Slobodan Milosevic's Socialist 
Party lost elections in Belgrade two 
months ago. 

The president of the court, Dragoljub 
Jankovic, suspended the ruling until the 
Supreme Court decides which court 
should decide appeals to electoral com- 
mission judgments. 

The Zajedno coalition has carried out 
nine weeks of street protests against the 
annulment of opposition victories in 
municipal elections across the country, 
generating pressure in the West for 
democratic reform in Serbia. 

Some analysts said the Socialist-in- 
fluenced municipal court may have 
been browbeaten by party bosses into 
passing the buck to higher legal bodies 
titat are under no deadline for a ruling, 
giving hard-liners more time for coun- 

Belgrade's multiparty electoral com- 
mission reinstated Zajedno's triumph in 
the capital a week ago. but said its 
judgment was preliminary and open (o 

Mr. Jankovic said two appeals had 
been submitted — one by the Socialists, 
the other by the rightist Serbian Radical 
Party, which is not a part of the gov- 
ernment but opposes Serbia’s opposi- 
tion bloc. 

Mr. Jankovic said the Supreme Court 
had no deadline for a ruling. 

Last week, electoral officials in Nis. 
the country's second city, declared that 
Zajedno had won the election in that city 
as well. The Socialist Party filed an ap- 
peal but it was thrown out by the mu- 
nicipal court there. Zajedno plans to con- 
vene the regional assembly on Jan. 27. 

Zajedno is demanding that election 
victories in 14 major Serbian towns be 
recognized by the government. The op- 
position's call has been backed by in- 
vestigators for the Organization for Se- 
curity and Cooperation in Europe, 
which has urged Belgrade to begin 
democratic reforms after 52 years of 
authoritarian rule. 

Thousands of demonstrators massed 
in central Belgrade again Monday, the 
64th day of protests, and were addressed 
by Patriarch Pavle. whose traditionally 
pro-government Serbian Orthodox 
Church has broken ranks with Mr. Mi- 
losevic over the election. 

The patriarch Messed the crowd and 
said: “Your sentiment of truth and 
justice and respect for the freely ex- 
pressed will of the people is shown in 
peaceful ways worthy of you and our 

Western governments have called on 
Mr. Milosevic to respect Zajedno's 
electoral victories or to forget about the 
financial aid that Belgrade urgently 

In another development, the oppo- 
sition has been jolted by the potential 
political fallout of an assassination at- 
tempt on a prominent Socialist Serb in 
the province of Kosovo last week. 

The state-run media seized on al- 
legations by the Socialist mayor of 
Pristina. Kosovo's main city, that Ser- 
bian dissidents and ethnic Albanian sep- 
aratists were responsible for a car bomb- 
ing that critically wounded the local 
university rector. Ethnic Albanians 
make up a large majority of Kosovo's 

The mayor of Pristina, Dusan Simic. 
blamed “Albanian terrorists’' who he 
contended * 'receive support in Belgrade 
from those who have been trying to 
destabilize Serbia for two months.” 

Zajedno leaders condemned the 
bombing and denied any involvement 
with it 

They said the Socialists hoped to use 
the attack to distract Serbs from the 
electoral question and the demonstra- 

The coalition fears that a new out- 
break of political violence in Kosovo 
could allow Mr. Milosevic to divert 
attention from the election crisis and 
build a case to impose emergency mea- 
sures and quell dissent. 

The media in Albania have reported 
that the radical Liberation Army of 
Kosovo claimed responsibility for the 

Protesting students playing saxophones in front of a police cordon in Belgrade on Monday. 

Canadian Army Under Scrutiny 

By Anthony DePalma 

New fork Tunes Service 

TORONTO — The commander of the Canadian 
Army says 47 soldiers in its peacekeeping force in 
Bosnia -Herzegovina have been accused or drinking 
while on duty, having sexual relations with nurses 
and interpreters, and physically abusing patients at 
the Bakoviri mental hospital in 1993 and 1994. 

Because the misconduct allegedly took place 
more than three years ago. the commander, Lieu- 
tenant General Maurice B aril, sa id a military stat- 
ute of limitations excludes the soldiers from dis- 
ciplinary actions try court martiaL But he said a 
special career review board with die power to 
freeze the soldiers' ranks or force them out of the 
army, will investigate die allegations. 

The allegations are the latest in a series of painful 
revelations of misconduct that have forced 
to rethink not only its customary role in peace- 
keeping operations, but also the size, shape and 
discipline of a 65,000-strong army whose militar y 
mission hag shifted fr om narinnal defense to the 
keeping of peace. 

The army is undergoing a profound self exam- 
ination. Both die civilian minister of defense and the 
commander in chief stepped down last fall and die 

new leadership is studying everything from the way 
soldiers are trained to the command structure of the 
aimed forces with an eye toward changes that would 
better prepare the army to fulfill its new duties. 

At a news conference in Ottawa, General BariL 
wbo was to have beaded the aborted Canadian-led 
mission to Zaire late last year, also talked about a 
Canadian commander in Haiti who had been re- 
lieved ofhis duties. The officer, Lieutenant Colonel 
Roch Lacroix, reportedly drew his gun as he tried to 
get Haitians to clear a traffic jam. 

And in discussing another incident of miscon- 
duct, the general aclmowledged that a former army 
captain, Sandra Perron, the nation’s first woman 
infantry officer, bad been singled out and harassed 
by fellow officers who could not accept the pres- 
ence of a woman in their ranks. 

The general blamed alcohol and a lack of lead- 
ership for many of the problems that have recently 
come to light. 4 An army is made up of people, "he 
said, “and people make mistakes." 

The general said that, in all, 57 soldiers were 
involved in the problems in Bosnia, none of them 
senior officers. Ten of the 57 have already left die 
army, bat based on the results of the investigations 
their discharge records could be changed to reflect 
the charges of misconduct. 

A Violent Weekend 

Agatce France-Presse 

ALGIERS — A new wave of attacks by Islamic 
fundamentalists has left at least 79 people dead in Algeria 
after one of the worst weekends of violence me country 
has known in five years. 

Id the latest on Monday, a bomb exploded 
o utside a girls* school in a suburb of Al giers, but no one 
was injured, school authorities said. The bomb lightly 
damaged the entrance to the OuridaMeddad school in the 
district of El Harrach. 

The catalogue of death reached ftom a YiBage south of 
Algiers, where the throats of 48 men. women and children 
were slit, to a wodring-clflss quarter of die capital where a 
car bomb ripped through bu^y streets. 

Newspapers also reported the massacre of eagfrt villagers 
in two attacks, b ring in g die overall deat h toll to more man 
200 in the last three months. 

The weekend attacks were among the worst yet per- 
petrated by die Islamic fundamentalists, who have been 
locked in five years of civil war with Algeria’s gov- 
ernment, which is supported by the military. 

“There is no military strategy anymore,” a Western 
observer said Monday , speaking about the fundamen- 
talists. “The latest attacks prove that. All that matters now 
is causing die maximum number of civilian c as u altie s.” 

Auth orities said .Sunday that 36 people had been knifed 
to in an on- a village south of Algiers. On 

Monday, the newspaper Liberte put the toll at 48, blaming 
“terrorists” — a tram usually used for fundamentalists. 

En Algiers, a car bomb ripped through crowds of people 
in the woridng-class district of Belcourt. leaving at least 
21 dead and wounding more than 60. 

The Khabar and Matin dailies, quoting hospital 
sources, put the toll at 23 dead and some 100 wounded. 

Although responsibility for the blast has not been taken 
by any group, it was laid to the Armed Islamic Group, die 
most extreme of foe Islamic organizations. 

It brought to more than 50 the number of people killed 
in Algiera since late December. Across the country, aboot 
100 have been killed since Ramadan began 10 days ago. 

Why Belcourt? “This is a poor district, we draft 
understand,” an oldman said. 

The quarter voted heavily in favor of foe Islamic 
Salvation Front, whose impending victory in 1992 elec- 
tions panicked the government into canceling foe vote 
and sparked the civil war. 

The districtis a hub of everyday activities, its caffe full 
in the evenings after foe fostingpenod. Several of die caffe ! 

For foe authorities, the attacks are a sign that foe 
terrorists are reduced to “desperate acts” after effec- 
tively losing the war against foe government 
For people in Belcourt and other parts of foe capital . 
and outride Algiera. pessimism Is gaining foe upper hand. 1 
Barely a week. passes without a new massacre despite foe 
presence of security forces everywhere.: 

P l< 





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~&y Wavid E. Sanger ' 

— — York Tagg Servic e 

JJ^ffiNGTON - Neutrality 

a few momhs ago one of the sleeot- 

w diplomatic missions in Washington 
w the Swiss Embassy P 

^£57s stream of newly de- 
classified documents describing Switzer- 
land s role as banker to the Nazis. 

Just as Mr. Jagmetti was preparing to 
35 Y* 3 ™ ®* a - diplomatf he 
suddenly finds his days filled explaining 
what a leading Swiss official meant 
wnen he said that American Jewish 
groups were trying to “blackmail" 
Swuzeriand’s banks and that Washing- 
um and London were intent on “de- 
raohshing the Swiss financial system." 

The official, Jean-Pascal Delamoraz, 
who served as Switzerland’s president 

until his term ended last month, issued a 

carefully worded apology last week for 

as the Nazis ’ Banker Jolts an Embassy to Life 

his comment about blackmail but did 
not retract his other accusations. 

And just as Mr. Jagmetti makes the 
rounds in Washington, assuring U-S. 
officials that Switzeriand is carrying 
through on hs commitments to inves- 
hg^e thoroughly the origins of assets it 
held for Germany during the war, the 
newspapers are filled with accounts of 

World War U era documents being fed 
through the shredder at die Union Bank 
of Switzerland in Znricfv 

V 1 flunk it is fair to say that this 
incident certainly didn’t help,” Mr.Jag- 
metti said, resting his head zn one hand. 
“The documents were probably much 
ado about nothing. Bat the psycholo- 
gical effect was certainly not needed.” 
Mr. Jagmetti has been assuring U.S. 
officiais diar hir government, which has 
hired a lobbying firm, seems about to 
reverse its longtime opposition to cre- 
ating an interim compensation fund to 
make payments to elderly Holocaust 
survivors with some evidence that their 
families deposited assets in Swiss ac- 
counts before or daring the war. 

The United States has been quietly 


pressing Switzerland to set up die fund 
quickly, arguing that many of the sur- 
vivors may not be alive by the time 
historians finish combing financial re- 
cords and tracing old bank records. 

Some of the money would come from 
lwirfftimwi accounts foat the haute* have 
acknowledged finding, a ccen to rs that 
the Swiss Bankers Association says 
total about $30 mzilioa. 

But it is unclear whether those ac- 
counts originally had much to do with 
the Holocaust Some may include assets 
from Poland and other countries where 
wealthy individuals feared that they 
would lose everything to Communist 

Paul Volcker, the former chairman of 
the Federal Reserve Board, is bead of a 
committee, searching for other dormant 
accounts, but Ids first report will not be 
ready for months. 

A member of the Volcker commis- 
sion, Hans Baer, said in Geneva on 
Friday that the commission was unlikely 
to find much more money in unclaimed 
accounts. The Associated Press report- 
ed. Another $40 milli on may come from 

Blow to Trial 

the Swiss government in the form of 
restitution to Jewish groups that paid the 
costs of keeping Jewish refugees in 
Switzerland during foe war. 

But U.S. officials have made dear 
that foe creation of the fund is only a first 
step. Next month, the administration 
plans to issue a report detailing foe 
preliminary findings of historians who 
have been examining the archives of foe 
Stale Department, the Treasury , the CIA 
and foe Pentagon for evidence of where 
foe Nazis placed gold and other assets 
looted from across Europe. 

If those studies show that Switzerland 
greatly understated the size of those 
assets in 1946, when it came to an 
agreement with foe Allies over foe dis- 
posal of some of Germany’s assets, 
there could be pressure to reopen 50- 
year-old accords. 

No one in the administration is will- 
ing to speculate about whether foe 
United States will follow that path, 
which would certainly lead to greater 
tension with Switzerland. 

Stuan Eizenstat, the undersecretary 
of commerce, who is leading foe U.S. 


effort to dig up the documents, said in an 
interview last week, “We totally reject 
the charge that any pan of the U.S. 

f ovemment is trying to destabilize the 
wiss banking system or blackmailing 

■ Sweden Accepted Nazi Gold 

A German newspaper said Monday 
that not only Switzerland but also 
Sweden accepted gold from foe Nazis to 
pay for raw materials during foe war 
years, despite warnings in early 1943 
from the Western Allies, The Asso- 
ciated Press reported from Frankfurt. 

Documents from the archives of foe 
central bank in Stockholm show that 
Sweden continued to accept gold from 
the Nazis until March 1944. the daily 
Frankfurter Rundschau said. 

The newspaper said that from 1939 
through early 1944, Sweden accepted 
34,564 kilograms (1.217 million ounces) 
of gold from the Nazis. At foe current 
rale of abour $355 per ounce of gold, that 
is equivalent to about $432 million. 

In return, foe Germans received 35 
million tons of iron ore. 

SteiH Qf Berlusconi 

Prosecutors to Get More Independence 

By Barzy James 

International Herald Tribune 

• PARIS — President Jacques Chirac 
. ordered a shake-up of the French legal 
; system Monday night, seeking to bol- 

• ster foe independence of prosecutors 
' and to give greater weight to tbepre- 

• sumption of innocence. 

• Mr. Chirac, who promised the mea- 
! sure as parr of his electoral platform in 
l 1995, said he was setting up a com- 
^w m ssion under the chairmanship of 
fSPierre Troche, president of foe coun- 

• try's highest court, to work out within 

• six months foe means of carrying out the 
; proposed reforms. 

The president also called for a mod- 
ernization of foe legal system to make it 
-more responsive to foe needs of or- 
Hfonary citizens, quicker, more afford- 
ieble aixl more comprehensible. 
r Catting foe links between foe Justice Min- 
istry and foe state proseomian service could 
J "make life nwe difficult for Mr. ChinK. 

_ Independent-minded examining 
magistrates have been seeking to es- 
tablish whether the presidentt's Gaultia: 
party systematically demanded kJ$r ' 
bacto for honShi^M public workers 
comracis.whfle.Mx. Chirac was mayor 
of Paris from" 1977 to 1995. 

The investigation into alleged cmrap- 
tion at City Hall in Paris also has lapped 
around Prime Minister Ahm Jiqtpe, who 
had been foe city’s finance director. 

Allegations last year that foe gov- 
~ eminent had sought to fowaxt iuves- 
- ligations into Mr. Chirac’s successor as 
mayor, Jean Tiben, and Mr. TSberi’s 
I wife, created a political : storm. 

Mr. Chirac stud earlier that allowing 
foe prosecution service to be independ- 
ent of the Justice Ministry would make 
it more difficult forpeople to say foal the 
executive branch -interfered in the af~ . 
^ fairs of the judiciary. 

Leaks from such high-profile inves- 
- ligations often lead to news articles that 

Spanish Request for ETA Suspect 


MADRID — Spain asked France on 
Monday to extradite Jose Lins Urrnsolo, 
believed to be a leader of the Basque 
separatist group ETA, who was arrested 
in Bordeaux last week. 

question foe innocence of politicians 
and business leaders caught in the legal 

Mr. Chirac said that foe way de- 
fendants were found guilty in the media 
and in political circles before any judg- 
ment was reached was “scandalous.” 

It (s pot illegal to publish details of an 
investigation, but since 1993 journalists 
can be prosecuted unless they respect 
foe constitutional right of a defendant to 
be presumed innocent until he is proved 
guilty. Now some legal sources predict a 
tightening of foe legislation, making it 
illegal to publish any information about 
a legal investigation — as in Britain — 
unless it is revealed in a court hearing. 

' Some jurists, such as Kerre Mazeaud, 
chai rman of the parliamentary legal 
committee, oppose foe proposal to sep- 
arate the executive and judicial 

Prosecutors already have wide 
powers to lock suspects up indefinitely 
while investigations are taking place, 
and Mr. Mazeaud said that to give pros- 
ecutors more independence would lead 
to foe danger qf creating a ‘ ‘government 
of radges.. ‘ T 

■ ■*4? • • w *: V 

ROME — The year-old 
corruption trial of former 
Prime Minister Silvio Ber- 
lusconi was thrown into 
disarray Monday when the 
presiding judge stepped 
down in a dispute over al- 
legations of bias. 

The decision by Judge 
Carlo Crivelli raised the 
possibility that the trial in 
Milan, at which Mr. Ber- 
lusconi and 10 others are 
charged with complicity in 
corruption, might have to 
be started over. 

Meanwhile, in a sepa- 
rate trial in Brescia, the 
prosecution effectively 
dropped charges that Mr. 

Berluscooi’s brother Paolo 
and three others had plot- 
ted to force a leading anti- 

graft magistrate, Antonio 

Di Pietro, to resign. 

The prosecutor, Rai- ATTACK IN BELFAST — A British s 
mondo Giostozzi. who had Catholic neighborhood in Belfast after 
taken over the case mid- convoy outside a police station. No one 
way through the proceed- 
ings, said there was no evidence to n • n in 
support charges of extortion against tXUTS BOCKS JLJOTUl 
the four defendants, and asked foe ^ o • . j 

court to acquit them. (Reuters), (JVGT JClBfltOlOS! Y - 

He: questioned how 'magistrates 
would get them legitimacy if they were 
noc appoHUed by elected political au- 

' Mr. Chirac said it would be up to the 
Thiche commission to propose answejs 
to tins question. • 

Prosecutors are appointed by the min- 
ister of justice, now Jacques Toubon, 
and are under his authority. Mr. Teuton, 
however, has confirmed a decision by a 
predec e sso r that the minister may not 
shelve a legal investigation nor impede 
one from being opened. 

. The president’s announcement, in a 
rare television broadcast, heralded the 
second major institutional change of 
Mr. Chirac’s term following his de- 
cision last year to abolish foe draft and 
establish an all-volunteer army. 

Political sources said the president 
could be expected to make such ap- 
pearances more frequently to get back in 
touch with a public that, opinion polls 
indicate, has largely lost faith in bun. 

He, on tiie other hand, has com- 
plained about the conservatism of his 
compatriots and seemed frustrated 
about foe difficulty of getting his mes- 
sage across, the sources said. 

Death SdmLabour 

taps L 
In IJ.1L Parliament 

LONDON — An opposition La- 
bour Party legislator, Martin Red- 
mond, died Monday, slightly improv- 
ing Prime Minister John Major’s 
precarious position in Parliament. 

Mr. Redmond’s death puts Mr. Ma- 
jor rwo short of a majority in tire 651- 
member House of Commons. 

However, a Conservative legislat- 
or. Sir John Goist, who quit foe party 
caucus in December over funding for 
his local hospital is tikdy to back foe 
government in any vote of confid- 

Id that case, the government, with 
324 legislators including Mr. Gorst, 
would have foe same number of votes 
as all the opposition parties com- 

The Labour Party, well ahead in 
opinion polls, has said it will try to 
bring down foe government in a con- 
fidence vote before May 1. The Con- 
servatives’ current five-year term 
ends in May, and national elections 
must be held. (AP) 


ATTACK IN BELFAST — A British soldier taking aim Monday in a Roman 
Catholic neighborhood in Belfast after an attack on a joint police and army 
convoy outside a police station. No one was hurt when two grenades went off. 

dence to n , n in bombs. Newspapers said the targets 

i against IlUTS BOCKS JLjOTin were athletes in mixed race-mar- 

sked the 0 f triages, including the boxer Rank 

Reuters), (JV0T ScientOlOgY -• • Brono and the soccer star Paul Ince. 

. ; . in Denmark, the police charged 

OUT BRUSSELS — France gave full seven neo-Nazis over the weekend in 
• support Monday to foe German gov- connection with mailing three dummy 
ent ennnent in its acrimonious dispute with mail bombs that were intercepted in 

file Church of Scientology. Malmo, Sweden. Danish officials said 

don La- “I share the apprehension of the the bombs were destined for Britain, 
in Red- Germans regarding these sects,” said The Times of London, quoting 
improv- the French foreign minister, Herve de unidentified Danish sources, said the 
Major’s Charette. German tennis star Boris Becker was 

nent Mr. de Charette joined his German also a target. 

Mr.Ma- counterpart, Klaus Kinkel. in denoun- “We are not discussing anybody 
the 651- ring an advertisement signed by Hoi- who may or may not have been an 
lywood celebrities that likened Ger- intended recipient, but we have cer- 
legislat- man treatment of Scientologists to the tainly given warnings.” a spokesman 
the party Nazi persecution of Jews. for Scotland Yard said. (AP) 

BRUSSELS — France gave full 
support Monday to the German gov- 
ernment in its acrimonious dispute with 
tiie Church of Scientology. 

“I share the apprehension of the 
Germans regarding these sects,” said 
the French foreign minister, Herve de 

Mr. de Charette joined his German 
counterpart, Klaus Kinkel, in denoun- 
cing an advertisement signed by Hol- 
lywood celebrities that likened Ger- 
man treatment of Scientologists to the 
Nazipersecution of Jews. 

“Tnis letter is an insult to the vic- 
tims of National Socialism.” Mr. 
Kinkel said. “It is nonsense.’ ’ 

The full-page ad, published Jan. 10 
in foe International Herald Tribune, 
was signed by 34 celebrities. They 
denounced German moves to keep 
people linked to tiie group out of some 
public jobs, such as counseling and 
teaching. (AP) 

British Bomb Alert 

LONDON (AP) — The police said 
Monday they had warned several Bri- 
tons to watch out for neo-Nazi mail 

EU Cosmetics Rule 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Commission, in a move to combat the 
dangers of “ mad cow” disease, said 
Monday that it had formally banned 
foe marketing of cosmetic products 
containing ingredients derived from 
cattle, sheep and goats. 

‘ ‘The ban translates into legal terms 
a situation that already exists in foe 
cosmetics industry,” foe Commission 

It must be enacted in national le- 
gislation by July. (Reuters) 

Italian Union’s Protests Signal Week of Train Delays 

London Assails 
Initiative on 

By Tom Buerkie 

huermuiqnal Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Intensifying their 
campaign to reform foe European Uni- 
on’s decision-making, France and Ger- 
many appealed Monday for new flex- 
ibility to allow some members to deepen 
cooperation without risking a veto from 
reluctant partners. 

“The French and Germans are closing 
ranks, and we hope that our German- 
French tandem will be a stimulus for 
further European integration,” said For- 
eign Minister Klaus Kinkel of Ger- 

The initiative was immediately op- 
posed by Britain, which called tiie plan an 
unacceptable attempt to short-circuit na- 
tional veto powers over EU policies. 

“We’re not going to allow flexibility 
to become a bypass to foe veto,” said 
David Davis, the British deputy foreign 

The clash came at a meeting of EU 
foreign ministers here that began the final 
phase of negotiations on revising the 
Union’s governing treaties. The differ- 
ences. as well as signs that Spain, Por- 
tugal, Sweden and Denmark, among oth- 
ers, shared at least some of Britain's 
reservations, suggested that foe 15 EU 
countries wouldfind it very difficult to 
conclude reforms by a June deadline. 

Mr. Kinkel said the Union had to 
meet the deadline to keep the mem- 
bership drive of East European coun- 
tries on track. After exhorting the East- 
ern states for years to dump communism 
and convert to free-marlcet economics, 
“we can’t say that because there are a 
few stumbling blocks, you can *t come in 
now.” he said. 

Upstaging Foreign Minister Hans 
van Mierlo of the Netherlands, which 
holds foe EU presidency. Mr. Kinkel 
held a rare joint news conference with 
Foreign Minister Herve de Charette of 
France to press foe case for injecting 
radical new flexibility into EU decision- 

While there are precedents, most not- 
ably the British and Danish options not 
to participate in the planned EU single 
currency, foe French-German plan 
would institutionalize flexibility. That 
would allow, for example, the single- 
currency countries to harmonize certain 
tax policies while another group of few- 
er than 15 EU countries could adopt 
common policies on immigration. 

Mr. Kinkel said certain agreed 
policies would remain off-limits to this 
piecemeal approach, notably the EU 
common market for goods and services. 
But otherwise, be said, countries should 
be allowed to deepen cooperation in line 
with the ultimate EU treaty aim of 
achieving “ever-closer union.” 

“No member stale should be able to 
stand in the way of others," he said. 

The negotiations in coming months 
are likely to center on that point, as Mr. 
Davis indicated. Britain must retain the 
right to approve or block any request by 
a group of E(J countries to embark on a 
new policy, he said. 

Even more important, he said, Lon- 
don rejected foe underlying French- 
German premise foal flexibility initi- 
atives would be designed to deepen 
policy integration more broadly. For 
Britain, that smacks of establishing an 
EU “hard core” of countries whose 
interests would clash with those of Bri- 
tain and other peripheral countries. 

Mr. Kinkel and Mr. de Charette said 
they wanted France and Germany to act 
as Europe's motor. Mr. Davis spoke of 
Britain as the gearbox: * ’We may decide 
foe speed." In private, many EU of- 
ficials expect the whole machine to stall 
until foe British election, which is due to 
be held by May 22. 


ROME . — Train travelers in Italy were told Monday to 
expect a week of delays after railroad employees called a 
series of protests to press their demands for a safety review 
following a fetal train derailment 

set for various sections of track. The union representuig 
railroad station workers, who control tiie flow of train traffic, 
called for a 48-tour strike starting Tuesday evening. 

The COMU engineers’ union said the slowdown would 
continue until the stale railroad company, Fenrovie deHo 
State, had met demands for a review of safety systons, Jack 
mai ntenan ce and working tours. Ra i l ro a d unions have been 
asking for more stringent safety measures since Jan. 12. when 

Turkey Says It Will Match 
Greek Buildup on Cyprus 

eight people were killed and 30 others were injured after a 
Mflan-Rome high-speed PeDdolino train was derailed near 
foe northern city of Piacenzal . 

■ Farmers Lift Blockade of Milan Airport 

Italian farm ers demonstrating agains t European Union 
milk quotas lifted a four-day blockade Monday on roads 
leading to Linaie airport in Milan after Prime Minister Ro- 
mano Prodi promised to bear their grievances, Reuters re- 
ported from Milan. Mr. Prodi said in a statement that he would 
meet with a delegation Wednesday. 

- Farmers descended cm Milan last week in hundreds of 
tractors to protest EU fines of 370 billion lire (S238 million) 
thar were imposed on the Italian dairy indurtry for over- 
production of milk in 1995 and 1996. 


: f 

■' v»*-i 

! - Agence Fnmee-Rrnse 

\ ANKARA — Turkey 

• threatene d Monday to- yet U P 
i air and naval bases in foe 

I northern part ofCyprtB foal it 

j occupies if Greece connnws 
i to set up military bases in foe 
! southern part of foe island- 
j The Tlirkish-Cypriot lead- ■ 
, er, Rauf Denktasb, arrived in 
{ Ankara earlier Monday for 

• talks about foe missile crisis 
I with Greek Cypriots, 

' Tensions flared -on Jan. 4 
! when the Greek Cypriot gov- 
J eminent announced that it 
■ fad signed 7 * deal with Russia 
\ to buy long-range grountMo- 

{ air missiles. ... 1. 

i Turkey denounced foe 
! move, saying foat foe S-300 
! missiles, which lave a 130- 
‘ kilometer (93-mile) range. 

I would threaien Turkis h Cyp- 
Siois and planes over southern 

Turkey. Greece, which has a 
joint defense pact with foe 
Greek Cypriot government, 
has insisted that Cyprus has 
foe right to boy whatever 
weapons it deems necessary 
for its security. 

Cyprus has been fovtoeo 
since 1974, when Turkish 
troops occupied its northern 
third after a right-wing coup 
in Nicosia that was aimed at 
foe island's unification with 

Efforts by the United Na- 
tions to reunite Cypres have 

failed. - . . 

The Turkish Cypriots de- 
clared their own state in 

- But the breakaway repub- 

& is recognized only by Ank- 
ara, which still has some 
30,000' troops based m the 
north. . 


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NATO and Russia Stake Out Positions Over Expansion 

By David Hoffman 

Washington Pi<st Service 

MOSCOW — Secretary-General Javier So- 
laria Madariaga of NATO met behind closed 
doors for five hours Monday with Foreign Min- 
ister Yevgeni Primakov of Russia in the opening 
of an intensive round of negotiations over al- 
liance plans for eastward expansion this year. 

Mr. Solana left Moscow without comment 
The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a terse 
statement saying the meeting was ■‘useful," al- 
though "different approaches exist to a whole 
range of issues." The ministry also said, “It is 
clear that it will not be simple, but both sides will 
seek to achieve success." 

The statement, and other comments from Rus- 
sian officials, suggested that both sides were 
staking out positions for what is expected to be 
protracted bargaining before the Madrid summit 
talks July S and 9. The North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization is expected then to extend invit- 
ations to Poland, Hungary and the Czech Re- 
public to join the alliance. 

Mr. Solana reportedly brought a new package 

of incentives to Russia, including new flexibility 
on arms control problems and greater economic 
assistance. It also included a special consultative 
status that would give Russia a seat at NATO’s 
table — though not a veto — on such problems as 
nuclear proliferation, terrorism, crime and re- 
gional defense. 

Among other things, Mr. Solana reportedly 
was prepared to suggest that Russia and die 
United States move ahead toward a new START- 
3 treaty on strategic arms reduction, leapfrogging 
the START-2 treaty. START-2 has not been 
ratified by the Russian lower house of Parlia- 
ment, the State Duma. 

Despite a consensus against NATO expansion 
among the Russian political elite, recently there 
has been a growing acknowledgment of its in- 
evitability, and the focus has stuffed to the terms 
that the alliance will offer Russia. 

Alexei Arbatov, a Duma member from the 
centrist Yabloko bloc, said Monday that NATO 
should extend an invitation to Russia to join the 
alliance, and anything less would be insufficient 
to guarantee Russian security. 

“It is clear now that we cannot prevent the 

alliance from moving eastward," Mr. Arbatov 
told Interfax, adding that Russia was late in 
voicing its objections. "Since we thought of it so 
late, we should so our best to ensure NATO 
transforms from a military-political alliance into 
a multilateral security system designed for peace- 

Alliance officials have discussed offering Rus- 
sia a new charter, bur Russians have suggested 
they want an agreement with more teeth. “We 
cannot be satisfied with signing another dec- 
laration or charter," Mr. Arbatov said. 

Andrei Kozyrev, a former foreign minister 
who was criticized for being too pro-Western, 
said on NTV television that Russia had “no right 
to stop" die Czech Republic, Poland and Hun- 
gary from becoming part of the alliance. 

He added: “We have to be realistic. I hope that 
one very important thing was said today: you are 
not our enemy, we’re ready to work with you." 

Mr. Kozyrev, now a member of the Duma, 
said: “ It is wrong to create the image of NATO as 
the enemy. It's very dangerous. It plays into the 
hands of the opposition. What bad thing did 
NATO do to us?" 

But a hard-line Communist member of the 
Duma, Viktor Ilyukhin, denounced Mr. Solatia’s 
visit, saying the West was trying to dictate terms 
to a submissive Russia. He issued a threat that 
Russia would deploy tactical nuclear missiles 
against the enlarged alliance. "And if the en- 
largement happens today.” he said according to 
Interfax, "the entire European part of Russia 
could be destroyed by tactical missiles.” 

A survey released Monday by the All-Russia 
Center for Research on PubUc Opinion showed 
that Russians were generally against NATO ex- 
pansion but remained fairly ambivalent. The poll 
of 1,600 people showed that 4 1 percent opposed 
the former Warsaw Pact nations joining the al- 
liance. while IS percent supported it and 44 
percent said they were indifferent or undecided. 

After die meeting Monday. Mr. Primakov 
summoned senior officials to discuss Mr. So- 
laria's presentation. 

Sergei Yastxzhembsky, President Boris 
Yeltsin's spokesman, said the meeting was "just 
the first round." He added. "I wouldn't have 
raised expectations about this meeting between 
Solana and Primakov." 

Yeltsin Released 
From Hospital 

The Associated Press 

the ^ 

ident’s recovery from double pneunwrua is 
SI" said Sergei Yastrzhembsky, the 
^d^tial spok ^oan. -The preset is 
moving to his residence. Gorki-9, near Mos- 
cow to continue bis recovery. 

The spokesman did not say vrfien 3he 
Russian leader. 65. would return tofua-*** 
work He said Mr. Yeltsin would spend three 
or four hours a day doing paperwork while 

^^Seshould not expect a forceful return 
of Boris Nikolayevich to fall-tune work, 
including a return to the Kremlin, Mr. 
Yastrzhembsky said. Mr. Yeltsin has not 

■ l_l* __ talamcinn ClUOA ha 


UN Cautions 
Aid Workers 
In Rwanda 

The Associated Press 

KIGALI. Rwanda — A senior United 
Nations official recommended Monday 
that aid agencies reduce their activities 
but maintain their operations in north- 
western Rwanda after three Spanish aid 
workers were killed in the region over 
the weekend. 

The official, Omar Bakhet, the UN 
resident coordinator in Rwanda, recom- 
mended that aid workers avoid spending 
the night in Ruhengeri, the country's 
third-largest town. 

Ruhengeri is 70 kilometers (45 miles) 
northwest of the capital, Kigali. 

"We have decided to continue daily 
activities in the area." said John Mc- 
Millan. a spokesman for Mr. Bakhet. 
"We are seeking a meeting with gov- 
ernment officials now to further discuss 
the situation." 

The UN coordinator is responsible for 
the security of aid agencies in Rwanda, 
and his decisions are considered a 
benchmark of the security situation. 

Mr. Bakhet held an emergency meet- 
ing of UN and aid agency heads Monday 
to discuss the situation in the north- 
western coiner of Rwanda, where there 
have been four attacks on foreigners 
since Jan. U. At least 10 aid agencies 
have pulled out of Ruhengeri. 

Several aid agencies are considering 
pulling out of Rwanda altogether be- 
cause of what they perceive as a clear 
attempt to drive foreigners out of the 
country through violence. 

T wo officials of the Spanish branch of 
the aid organization Doctors of the 
World arrived in Kigali on Monday to 
arrange for transfer tack to Spain of the 
bodies of the three Spanish victims. 

Several Rwandans were also killed in 
the attack on the office of the orga- 
nization in Gatonde, just outside Ruhen- 
geri, and an American was wounded. 
The attack was believed to have been 
carried out by Hutu insurgents. 

On Jan. 11, gunmen attacked a hos- 
pital staffed by foreign doctors in Gisnyi 
prefecture in the same region and pil- 
laged its pharmacy. A week ago, gun- 
men beat, robbed and threatened to kill a 
team of UN human-rights observers in 
the same prefecture, and the next day a 
UN security officer in the region came 
under fire for three hours. 

Japan Firm on Hostages in Peru 


LIMA — Prime Minister Ryu taro Ha- 

shimoto of Japan vowed Monday not to 
give in to terrorism, reinforcing Peru’s 
stand against Marxist rebels who are 
holding 73 hostages at the Japanese am- 
bassador's home in Lima. 

“Japan will never give in to terror- 
ism." Mr. Hashiraoto told Parliament in 
Tokyo at the first session of the new 

“Terrorist activity is a grave chal- 
lenge to all states and societies and it is 

With China voting in favor, the Security 
Council approved a plan Monday to send 
155 UN military observers to monitor a 
peace accord in Guatemala that ended 
more than three decades of civil war. 

The vote, the second one the council 
has taken on the issue in 10 days, was a 
unanimous 15 to 0. China vetoed a sim- 
ilar resolution Jan. 10 because of Gua- 
temala's recognition of Taiwan. 

But it backed the resolution Monday 

vital for the international community to 
tackle terrorism in unity." 

He restated his "complete confid- 
ence" in President Alberto Fujimori's 
hard-line negotiating tactics. 

The Peruvian president has refused to 
consider the rebels' main demand for the 
release of some 400 jailed comrades. 

In Lima, neither the government nor 
the rebels gave ground on Monday to 
allow a start to the peace talks they have 
been edging toward for more than a 

after intensive negotiations with Gua- 
temala and other countries. 

It was unclear exactly what Guate- 
mala had promised China. But diplomats 
said one element of their agreement was 
a promise by Guatemala to refrain from 
co-sponsoring an annual General As- 
sembly resolution aimed at securing UN 
membership for Taiwan. 

Taipei was expelled from the United 
Nations in 1971 and then replaced by 
Beijing as the rightful representative of 

Round-the World Bid 
By Balloonist Ends 


VARANASI. India — An American 
adventurer fell short of his dream to 
become the first person to fly nonstop 
around the world in a balloon Monday 
but broke a 1 6-year-old endurance record 
before landing safely in northern India. 

Steve Fossett said he had touched down 
at 1:05 PM. about 150 kilometers (95 
miles) northwest of Varanasi in remote 
Nonkhar town, about halfway around the 
world from his U.S. starting point. 

"It was a very good trip," he said, 
adding: “I wish I could have made the 
biggest achievement and flown around 
the world. But this is also successfuL” 

Mr. Fossett was forced to abandon his 
quest after his ‘ ‘Soto Spirit" balloon ran 
short of fueL He had to detour around 
Libya when Tripoli denied him the right 
to fly over the North African country 

Shortly before landing, be broke the 
endurance record of 6 days 16 minutes 
for a manned balloon flight, set by two 
Americans. Ben Abruzzo and Troy 

Mr. Fossett said he had averaged two 
hours of sleep a day during his trip. 

China Backs UN’s Guatemala Plan 



ALL EYES FORWARD — A German military honor guard at Tegd airport in Berlin, awaiting the 
arrival of Beniamino Andreatta, the Italian defense minister, on a two-day visit that began Monday. 

FINNS: Maybe It’s Those Long Winter Nights, but Cyberspace Becomes the Place to Be 

Continued from Page 1 

Finland, twice the rate in the United 
States. In the last year, Finland out- 
stripped the former world leader. Iceland 
(population 270,000), which now has 42 
per thousand people. 

Finns use the Internet to chat about 
their problems and to research academic 
subjects. They use electronic "wallets" 
and so-called electronic cash systems to 
order postage stamps, pick lottery tickets, 
tank, play roulette in an electronic amuse- 
ment arcade, do their shopping in su- 
permarkets. read newspapers and attend 
courses given hundreds of miles away. 

As in much of the United States, uni- 
versities offer Internet access free to all 
students, as do public libraries, which 
dedicate one or more connected com- 
puters for an hour to anyone who requests 
iL Municipalities, computer makers and 
the government all subsidize the cam- 

paign to offer as many ties to computers 
and cellular phones as possible. 

“There is something decidedly un- 
usual about Finland," Mr. Quartern! an 
wrote in an e-mail message. “Perhaps it 
comes from being between the first and 
second worlds for all those years; per- 
haps from a high standard of living and 
high literacy, perhaps even from needing 
something to do during those long cold 
nights. I don't know the cause, but the 
phenomenon is undeniable." 

He also pointed out that the five Nor- 
dic countries — Finland, Iceland, Nor- 
way. Sweden and Denmark — were 
among the top 15 countries in terms of 
having the most Internet-connected 
computers per capita. 

“Because Finland is so small, ho- 
mogenous and has a high level of edu- 
cation, Internet use is becoming a part of 
the democratic access in society to gov- 
ernment and institutions." said Minna 

Puirava, a project manager in marketing 
studies at the University of Tampere, a 
city north of Helsinki/ ‘Here it is really 

Finland's education minister. Olli- 
Pekka Heinonen. 35. said that in less 
than two years the country would be 
spending 2.9 percent of its gross national 
product on research and development in 
the computer field. 

This year, he said, the government and 
private industry together will spend 2 
billion Finnish markka (S425 million) to 
educate 600,000 students and 400.000 
adults on the use of the Internet. 

By 2000. he said, all of the country's 
5.000 schools will be hooked to the 

At the moment, nearly 30 percent of 
Finnish homes have portable computers 
and about 60 percent of the population has 
access to the Internet either at home, at 
work or through a local institution like a 

library, according to Johan Helsingus, 
chief executive of Eunet Finland Oy, one 
of Europe's largest Internet service pro- 

Laboring with a mood as dark as a 
Finnish December afternoon. Dotty. 32, 
a recovering alcoholic who requested 
that his last name not be used, surfed the 
Internet for an hour one day last month. 

Ever since he learned how to get on 
the Internet barely three months ago, be 
has come to the stately Rikhardinkadun 
public library three hours a week to chat 
with other recovering alcoholics 
halfway around the globe. 

Why not do his chatting locally, at 
Alcoholics Anonymous? 

"Oh, I do that, too, but the Net is 
different," he answered, barely shifting 
his eyes off the computer screen. "On 
the Net. feelings are true. For me, it is 
more about self-help: a different kind of 

EUROPE: An Independent llank Is Key : 

Continued from Page 1 

a dent in the European jobs crisis and to 
bring unemployment levels down from 
nearly 1 1 percent in Germany and nearly 
13 percent in France to a still relatively 
high average rate of about 10 percent, 
Mr. Duisenberg said, "We need from 
three to five years to do that" 

He recommended a series of sweep- 
ing structural reforms, echoing a call on 
Monday from Hans Tietmeyer, the 
Bundesbank president 

"We need measures that are agreed 
with trade unions," said Mr. Duisen- 
berg, "in order to achieve more flex- 
ibility in labor markets. We also have to 
revisit the structure of our social security 
systems. We don't want to copy the 
American system, but in many European 
countries we have bent far too liberal in 
the past" He added that the deregu- 
lation of labor markets and other sectors 
"helps many areas of economic life." 

In a wide-ranging interview at his 
office here, Mr. Duisenberg also made 
these points: 

• He stressed that the development of 
new information technologies could be a 
growth factor in Europe. “Certainly in 
the United States we have seen how a 
once decaying region such as New Eng- 
land was inspired by information tech- 
nology and tins created new jobs. The 
big difference is that the mobility of 
labor is significantly higher in the U.S. 
than it is in Europe." 

• Uke Mr. Tietmeyer, he criticized 
the tendency of some politicians to link 
the Maastricht process with vitally 
needed structural reforms, and he said 
that "governments and monetary au- 
thorities would be well advised to' dis- 
tribute information to the people about 
what we are really going for with mon- 
etary union." 

• He said that he did “not deny that, if 
in a forced tempo you have to get your 
government finances in order, that may 
have a negative effect on spending." But 
he added that “the measures needed to 
meet Maastricht criteria may well have a 
positive effect on confidence, and in the 
tong term a healthy effect on employ- 

In the interview, Mr. Duisenberg 
weighed into die debate over French 
demands that governments be given a 
certain degree of political control over 
European monetary policy. He noted 
that such a step would impede the sound 
management of Europe's economy tty 
hampering the bank's ability to maintain 
price stability and a stable euro once the 
single currency is launched. 

In recent days, leading German and 
other European officials also have 
poured cold water on the idea, suggested 
last week by a Bank of France official, 
that there is any deal between Bonn and 
Paris to guarantee a French occupant of 
the central bank job. 

Mr. de Charette said Monday that h 
was "too early" to say if Paris would 
endorse someone other than a French 
candidate for the job because the leader 
would be chosen only in late 1998 by the 
initial group of countries that adopt the 

Mr. Duisenberg. although carefully 
sidestepping any comment about bus 
own future, did not shy away from the 
issue. He said that Article 7 of the 
Maastricht treaty "explicitly forbids the 
European central bank from either ac- 
cepting or reeking political directions/ * 
To alter the treaty would hamper the 
launch of the euro because it would 
require a long process of ratification of 
any changes by 15 EU member Par- 

He recalled that the issue of whether 

the European central bank should be-^g 
politically influenced or not had in any r 
case already been settled nearly six years 
ago. "The French lost that battle in 
1991, but they have never given up,” he! 
said. "At least that's the way I see it." 

Mr. Duisenberg, a highly regarded T 
economist and former Dutch finance' 
minister who has run the NedeTlandsche- 
Bank since 1982, declared that be was 
"very happy” that under the Maastricht" 
treaty the European central bank would 
be free of political controls “ became th£" 
independence of the central hank from 
political interference is of the greatest- 
importance, and especially for an in- 
stitution that must be responsible for. 
price stability as its primary aim.” 

Mr. Duisenberg did not wish to com-, 
ment on the claim by a Bank of France ; 
official last week that Bonn had prom-*, 
ised to support a Frenchman as head ofj 
the future European central tank. But 
senior European official told the Inter-., 
national Herald Tribune last week that, 
when Mr. Duisenberg was asked to run . 
tiie European Monetary Institute he 
received assurances from 14 of the EUV 
15 government heads that he would be in' 
a prime position to be named to serve all- 
or part of the eight-year term as Euro- 
pean central hank chief. | 

On Monday, as France Hied to play) 
down German fears that politicians^ 
might undermine the independence of q-. 
fixture central bank, a French Finance, 
Ministry official told Renters that a; 
French call for an economic council tq< 
coordinate policies among European, 
monetary union members should not be 
seen as threatening the independence of- 
die central bank, .« 

- When asked why France ~and Gery : 
many have fqund it -so barti tp tackle? 
structural reforms aimed at becoming, 
more competitive and reducing unem- 
ployment while tiie Netherlands already, 
began the process five years ago, Mr.; 
Duisenberg stud: "I think it is panic-: 
ulaxiy hard in a time of what has been, 
economic recession. Before, when eco- 
nomic growth was 3 or 4 percent, the sky^ 
seemed to be the limit and there was lithe, 
incentive for big reforms. The main dif-; $ 
ference in the Netherlands is that we 
started earlier than the others. " 

TOMORROW: Jean-Claude Trichet; 
governor of the Bank of France 


Proposals Spark Rage] 

Continued from Page 1 

eriy profile, he also values order and' 
stability over democracy and dissent y 
During a meeting with leaders of tire; 
United Democrats, for example, Mr.. 
Tung said it was all right to criticize* 
decisions by die new. Beijing-appointed, 
legislature — - as long as the Democrats! 
did not criticize the legislature itself and; 
as long as they did not make critical 
remarks while outside Hong Kong. .i 
Also, in meetings with visiting U.Sj 
congressional delegations, Mr. Tung hag -, 
repeatedly vowed that elections for a" 
new, democratic legislature will be held, 
within a year of China's takeover, ac- 
cording to some legislators interviewed^* 
But at the same time, he strongly de-*? 
fended the need to abolish the demo-f 
erotically elected legislature. ! 

He has also told visitors that the fu-f 
cure, Chinese-led government here ! 
vroula continue the territory's tradition • 
of a free and open press — but that: 
advocating independence for Tibet or; 
Taiwan would not be allowed. 



DUTCH: Netherlands Shakes the Doldrums to Refashion Itself as a Player in Global-Minded Europe 

Continued from Page I 

Co., B, F. Goodrich Co. and Arco Chemical 
Co. are among the wave of foreign companies 
that have found the Netherlands a good place 
to base and supply their European operations. 
Most of last year's record number of foreign 
investment projects here — about $ 1 .3 billion 
worth — were American. 

The economy continues to depend heavily 
on consumer demand next door in Germany, 
Europe's giant and Dutch interest rates track 
German ones very closely. But Thomas May- 
er, an economist in the Frankfurt office of 
Goldman. Sachs & Co., said that the Neth- 
erlands was "two or three years ahead of 
Germany in its economic restructuring." and 
that its stock market "is relatively compet- 
itive with the German market.” 

The recent Dutch economic trend, Mr. 
Mayer said, “runs counter to the prevailing 
notion that smaller European countries are not 
masters of their own fate. The Netherlands has 
proved there is Life independent of the heavy- 
weights when you do things right.” 

With the Netherlands at center stage for the 
next six months as the holder of the rotating 
European Union presidency, the exposure 

may remind other countries of what the Dutch 
have done right One cabinet member stud the 
strategy was simple — 1 ‘consistency and con- 
sensus" — to which might be added fear and 

After a meeting of the minds in 1952 among 
government employers and unions, the three 
major partners to the Dutch "social contract" 
prescribed the tough economic medicine 
many European countries are still resisting. 
The most important piece of fiscal discipline 
was an agreement from unions on wage re- 
straints that have checked inflation and driven 
job creation. 

Then came the consistency. Unlike gov- 
ernments that announce rough fiscal discip- 
line and then blink at the first protest, a recent 
pattern in France, governments here have 
been unblinking. They laid out and have stock 
to four-year budgets that have weathered 
changes in leadership and the stresses of the 
recession in the early 1990s. 

• ‘It’s not because we all love each other that 
we’re doing this,” said Mr. BomhofF. the 
economist- "It’s self-interest. We had a major 
scare here 15 years ago— a severe recession. 
Unemployment shot up. We came out cau- 
tious. We learned big lessons." 

Far from looking cautious, the Netherlands 
gives an impression of dynamism. The gov- 
ernment set off a consumer spending boom 
last year by deregulating shop hours. The 
postal system and telecommunications are 
being privatized. Social security is under 
quasi-private administration. 

In other European countries, employers and 
workers are constant adversaries. Here, they 
do a good imitation of being partners. Strikes 
are rarer in the Netherlands these days than in 
any industrialized country except Japan. And 
at the helm of the Dutch government is a 
symbol of the consensus — Wim Kofc. a 
former head of the biggest union, whose ap- 
proval ratings are among the highest of any 
European leader. 

Mr. Kok's “violei coalition” of leftist, 
center and rightist parties took power in 1994 
and has stuck to the program of the previous 
government — and will probably succeed in 
adding 300.000 jobs by the end of 1 998. 

Consensus is easier, too, and maybe more 
necessary, in such a small country. The work 
force of 6 million is small even relative to the 
population of 15 million. The Netherlands has 
some of the highest labor productivity on the 
continent, but the average worker here puls in 

some of the shortest hours: 1.442 a year 
against European average above 1,700. 

What has put the country back to work is 
another Dutch distinction, a virtual asterisk on 
the unemployment rate but one to which skep- 
tical attention is drawn by debunkers of the 
miracle theory: More than a third of the coun- 
try's employees work part-time. 

That is due to a historical circumstance — 
the slender participation of women in the 
labor force. Government policy for three gen- 
erations has encouraged single-breadwinner 
families and helped keep women home. 

To draw more wotnea into the workforce and 
encourage businesses to create jobs, the Neth- 
erlands has pioneered employment flexibility | 
even as it has restricted wage increases. By 1 
deregulating work hours, it has put more people 

back to work for shorter periods of time. 

The presence of an economic behemoth 
next door whose currency is the undisputed 
European benchmark continues to be a dom- 
inant feet of life in the Netherlands. 

“We are a shadow of Germany,” said 
Maarten Koopman. chief executive of Dia- 
mond Tools Group. "You can consider us. if 
you're not too patriotic, as a province of Ger- 
many because we’re so influenced by iL” 





International ReOTritment 

Education Directory 

Baskess Message Center 

Internatkmai and Seminars 

Real Estate Market$^oBday s and Trarel 
Arts and Antiques 

B nalbSSaril 

im WOR LD’S newspaper 


. 5 

» *■ 

i . : 
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*>« l 



China’s New Campaign: Influence the Foreign Press 


& % Patrick E. TVler ' 

^ ■ 

l f . s Vp 1 P tuous buffet dinner that could 


Tiananmen Square demo- 
W “ S Da ? isa common criminal 
wT^eimpnsonment inexplicably dominates 
torcignnews broadcasts about what is going 
^ “ Chma - And President Bill Ointonhal 
SSSL error of encomagmg ^ 
*ndepOTdence forecs in Taiwan utftasio- 
reassured Beijing that Washington 
wMrfhac to a “one c£" poHcy™ 
nns was no ordinary senior official He 
travels with President Jiang Zemin and has 
met with Mr. Clinton and most of his national 
security aides. He was introduced to Amer- 
ra reporttis by Sfaen Guofang, tbe Foreign 
Mmisby spokesman, who had invited tie 
[?»«“ “ f .“iMckgoimd briefing” on 
u.b. -China relations. Tbe site was an elegant 

mansion on the west side of Beijing. • 

The care and feeding of die foreign press 
fa cm is seldom as lavish as it was on this 
evening. Last year, the Foreign Ministry can- 
celed simultaneous interpretation- in Eng li s h 
of its twice-weekly briefing, which is con- 
ducted solely in Chinese. On this night, the 
interpreters were back. - 
Such encounters are rare in China, because 
senior party officials still consider' close con- 
tact with foreign reporters a risky business. 

Science Monitor because some officials con- 
sider them “anti -China-’' 

“Write something positive about China 
and you will get approvals more easily/’ is a 
common refrain from the press handlers, who 
play the game of leverage to improve Chino's 
press clippings. 

On this evening, under crystal chandeliers, 
several American correspondents listening to 
tile senior official’s briefing were wondering 

A common refrain from press handlers: “Write something 
positive about China and you will get approvals more easily. 5 

■ft was only a few years ago that a Foreign 
Mmisiry official was thrown in prison for 
talking too much co a correspondent. 

In 1994, United Press International with- 
drew, under pressure, a correspondent who 
aggressively covered the persecution of polit- 
ical dissidents.- 

In 1995, a German reporter was sent home 
alter be called Prime Minister Li Peng a 
dictator on the eve of Mr. Li’s state visit , to 

And in recent months, the Foreign Ministry 
has been delaying the accreditation of writers 
for The Washington Post and The Christian 

about its real purpose. The official did not 
keep them in suspense. 

The only thing wrong with China's image 
in the United Slates, he said, is that American 
news organizations cannot find anything good 
to say. 

Now that Mr. Clinton and Mr. Jiang have 
agreed to play host to each other with state 
visits this year and next, China's propaganda 
apparatus appears to be gearing up for a new 
honeymoon with America. 

The feting of American reporters was the 
maiden voyage on a love boat that Beijing’s 
Communist Party leaders hope will cany 

them through a trying year of domestic pol- 
itics. The return of Hong Kong to Chinese 
sovereignty in July is occurring along with a 
crucial party congress that will determine the 
makeup of the Chinese leadership for the next 
five years. 

Mr. Jiang, who has not met with the foreign 
press corps for more than two years, would 
like to have a year of smooth sailing, 3od he 
seems to be marshaling his surrogates to calm 
all waters. 

“It is my hope that the U.S. journalists 
present here will take an active part,” the 
senior official said, “in seizing tie oppor- 
tunity” to “further improve this relation- 
ship' * between Washington and Beijing. 

There was a kind of gee-whiz ebullience to 
the official's summation of the closeness of 
American and Chinese leaders. At one point, 
be interrupted Ins interpreter to recount in 
English the words used by Mr. Clinton in 
October 1995 in New York to stress that 
America wanted to mend fences with 

“Mr. Clinton’s remarks were very vivid,” 
he explained. “What he said is: 'Isolation is 
no option; containment is do option; con- 
frontation is no option. Tbe only option of 
American policy on China is constructive 
engagement’ ” 

South Korea Reopens: 
Damage to Economy 
Looks ‘Manageable’ 

By Andrew Pollack 

Sew York Times Service " 

SEOUL — Workers returned to 
their jobs Monday, and idled fac- 
tories hummed to life after more 
than three weeks of strikes, with 
business leaders and economists 
saying the South Korean economy 
would suffer little lasting harm from 
die walkout. 

Vj “As of this moment tbe damag e 
was been quite manageable,” said 
Milton Kim, president of Ssang- 
Yong Investment & Securities Co., 
a brokerage firm. 

Prospects for resolution of the 
labor issues brightened when Pres- 
ident Kim Young Sam, under pres- 
sure to compromise, dropped his 
refusal to meet with opposition 
party leaders and invited them to 
lunch Tuesday to discuss a new 
labor law that is the cause of the 

Labor leaders, sensing that sup- 
port among workers far the walkout 
was waning and tie strike’sefficacy 
dimmiStt&g, oidfJitrf' worlt tD 
same Monday and srid -strikes : 
would now take place only once a 
week, on Wednesdays. The leaders 
said a general strike would resume 
Feb. 18 if tie government had not 
agreed to change the labor law by 

But assuming some agreement 
can be reached m tbe next month, 
the bulk of the economic damage 
from the strike is now over. The 

nation's main stock market index 
shot up in heavy trading. 

At first glance tiie economic cas- 
ualties look tremendous. Tbe Min- 
■ of Trade, Industry and Energy 
that more than $3.1 billian in 
production had been lost as of Sat- 
urday, almost all of it in tbe auto- 
mobile industry. Exports were re- 
duced by $480 million. Both figures 
exceed tbe losses s u ffered from all 
strikes combined in 1996. 

Still, the lost production repres- 
ents less titan l percent of South 
Korea’s gross domestic product, 
which exceeds $400 billion. And the 
lost exports represent about tfaree- 
temhs of. 1 percent of tie $142 bil- 
lian in exports -projected for. this 
year. •' • 

Moreover, some of the lost pro- 

in' the .coming . weeks^* 50 "??^ 
something we can make up by over- 
time .wotk,” said a spokesman for 
Ki&Motors Corp., the nation’s No. 2 

One sign' that damage has been 
manageable is that business leaders 
do not appear to have been leaning 
on the government to make con- 
cessions to end the strike. Most busi- 
ness leaders have been silent 
through the conflict, afraid of an- 
gering either labor or tie govern- 
ment. ' 

Bin to tie extern they have made 
their postion known, h has been to 
urge tiie government to defend die 
new laborlaw, whic h m akes it easier 

Oos Van Xa^M^nor ftaaor-Anv 

Kwon Young Kil, left, the principal leader of the strikes, and other labor militants meeting with 
Bill Jordan, head of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions on Monday in Seoul. 

for companies to dismiss workers, 
extend working-hours and hire strike 
replacements. ' ' ' 

The businesses believe tie law 
will help their competitiveness and 
profits in the long run, even if they 
have to endure some short-term 
pain. ' 

“The impact will be positive in 
the longer term,” said Keith Nam, 
branch manager and market 
strategist for the Seoul branch of 
H.G. Asia Ltd., a securities com- 

Lee Hahn Koo, president of Dae- 
woo Economic Research Institute, 
said that if tie current strike were as 
severe as die tumultuous strikes in 
1989, when 63 million man-days of 
work were lost, then economic 
growth this year would drop to 5.6 
percent from an expected 5.9 per- 
cent The balance-of-payments de- 
ficit would be $22 billion instead of 
a projected $18 billion. 

At this point, he said, it is difficult 
to calculate how many work days 
have been lost because tbe unions 

and the government gave vastly dif- 
ferent- figures for the number of 
strikers: But the strike so far does 
not seem to have resulted in as much 
lost work as in 1989. 

Tbe unions say about 260,000 
people took part in tie strike each 
day. There are 21 million people 
employed in Sooth Korea, so the 
strike was fairly concentrated. 

The automobile industry suffered 
85 percent of tbe lost production, a 
total of $2.7 billion, according to the 
Trade Ministry. 

Red Cross in Seoul Resumes Aid to the North 


SEOUL — The South Korean Red 
Cross said Monday that it would resume 
food shipments to North Korea tins 
month for tie first time since an in- 
cursion by a Northern .submarine dis- 
rupted international contacts. ■ 

■ “We are shipping 300 tons of flour 
bought from donations by tbe Korean 
National Confederation of Churches,” 
an official said. 

The aid agency said' the flour and 
15,000 pairs of socks donated by South 
Korean groups would be sent, probably 
Saturday. The aid is worth $153,000. 

Seoul halted all contacts with tiie 
North after a North Korean, submarine 
dro p ped 26 armed intruders on a South- 
ern beach Sept- 26. _ 

- Pyongyang issued a statement of re-, 
gret last month that satisfied Seoul. 

winch returned tie remains of 24 in- 
filtrators who were shot and lolled. 

- As part of a deal between Washington 
and Pyongyang that secured tie apo- 
f, the United States agreed to ease a 
s embargo cm North -Korea.' The U-S. 

tons of 

grain to the North through 
Washington gave $2 million in Feb- 
ruary to alleviate hunger in North Korea 
after two consecutive years of flooding. 

A Japanese report quoted an unnamed 
senior U.S. official as saying food stocks 
in North Korea could dry up almost 
completely in three to four months. 

“We have to be thinking about tie 
consequences for systemic failure in 
North Korea in terms of potential 
spillover in mflitaiy forces, huge num- 
bers of refugees, large humanitarian 

emergencies in terms of delivering foods 
and medicines," tie Kyodo news 
agency quoted tie official as saying. 

But an analyst of North Korea in 
Japan said the Stalinist government 
could stagger on for five more years. 

Analysts in Seoul also said a collapse 
was not imminent 

“We estimate that North Korea can 
maintain normal food distribution to its 
residents until tie end of June,” said a 
National Unification Ministry official, 
who added that normal meant just 
enough to stave off hunger. 

U-S. and South Korean officials are to 
meet Pyongyang representatives in New 
York this month rex’ preliminary dis- 
cussions on proposed four-way talks, 
which would include China, on a per- 
manent peace to replace the truce accord 
that halted the Korean War in 1953. 




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Megawati Supporters Snubbed 

JAKARTA — Indonesia issued a list of parliamentary 
candidates on Monday for elections in May that included 
four of President Suharto’s children but no supporters of 
tie opposition leader, Megawati Sukarnoputri. 

The list of 2.293 parliamentary candidates for the 
elections May 29 included 829 from the governing 
Golkar alliance. 720 from the pro-Muslim United De- 
velopment Party, and 744 from tie Indonesian Demo- 
cracy Party. They will contest 425 seats. Golkar has won 
every election since 1971. 

But none of the Indonesian Democracy Party can- 
didates were supporters of Mrs. Megawati, the ousted 
party leader. Her supporters said they planned to protest 
their exclusion. 

The public has until Feb. 1 8 to voice any comments on 
the candidates. (AFP) 

Tokyo Unveils a Spy Agency 

it spy agency on 

TOKYO — Japan started up its bij 
Monday, ending decades of fragmented intelligence gath- 
ering and reliance on information from Washington. 

The Defense Intelligence Headquarters brings under 
one umbrella group the five separate intelligence units of 
tie army. navy, air force, the Defense Ministry and the 
Japan Military Joint Staff Council. 

“Tbe prime object of the DIH is to contribute to policy- 
making. not only by the Defense Ministry, but also by tie 
government, through analysis of strategic information of 
high quality,” the Defense Ministry director. General 
Fumio Kyuraa, said at an inauguration ceremony. 

The group's main focus initially is to study military 
developments in East Asia, an area that includes tie two 
Koreas, China and Taiwan. (Reuters) 

China Studies Its Rural Areas 

NANKOU, China — China has begun its first survey 
of its hundreds of millions of rural residents to gauge the 
impact of nearly two decades of economic reform on the 
country’s agricultural sector, officials said Monday. 

Since Jan. 1, an army of 6 million officials and in- 
terviewers has been mobilized to canvass some 230 
million households in towns and villages throughout tie 
Chinese countryside, said Shao Jianmin, deputy leader of 
tie Beijing Rural Survey Team. 

He said the survey was intended to gather more detailed 
data on rural areas that have been transformed by the 
sweeping market-oriented reforms carried out by Deng 
Xiaoping in tie late 1970s. (Reuters) 

For the Record 

A hijacker armed with a 6-inch kitchen knife was 
arrested in southern Japan on Monday after trying to 
commandeer a domestic airliner carrying 1 92 people. No 
one was injured, and a news agency reported tie suspect 
was drunk. The All Nippon Airways Boeing 777 was 
hijacked a half-hour into its flight from Osaka to tie 
southern city of Fukuoka. (AP) 

A militant Sunni Muslim group whose leader was 
killed in a bomb blast Monday has called for a com- 
mercial and transport strike in Karachi, Pakistan, on 
Tuesday to protest against the killing. The Sipah-i-Sahaba 
Pakistan issued the strike call after tie death of Zia ur- 
Rahman Faruqi in a bomb blast Saturday in Lahore, the 
capital of Punjab Province. (AFP) 

A two-month 

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An Unhealthy System 

Sri biUtC. Q e f Together to Help Democracy Win in Serbia 


a • I/a- L . alnM A «La Homn/T 



The penalty recommended for 
Speaker Newt Gingrich by the ethics 
committee of the House of Represen- 
tatives will disappoint some of his op- 
ponents, who wanted more, but it can 
hardly thrill his friends. It is based on a 
judgment that he committed serious 
violations of House rules. 

The speaker himself now admits 
that, having earlier denied it He says 
the violations were not intentional. The 
special counsel in the case, James 
Cole, said that intent could be hard to 
prove but that “over the years and in a 
number of situations," Mr. Gingrich 
“showed a disregard and lack of re- 
spect for the standards of conduct that 
applied to his activities." 

Mr. Cole's report and his appear- 
ance before the panel may have res- 
cued the proceedings from what oth- 
erwise would have been a dismal close. 
He brought both dignity and authority 
to whal had threatened to degenerate 
into a partisan mud fight. 

The committee, having reached 
agreement on the facts in the case, had 
been faced with a choice of penalties; 
there are no real sentencing guidelines 
in House ethics cases. Censure, if con- 
curred in by the full House, would 
under party rules have cost Mr. Gin- 
grich his speakership; his supporters 
had argued instead for the lesser al- 
ternative of a reprimand. 

Mr. Cole lent his support to a com- 

that lets the party keep as speaker 
whom it pleases but leaves no doubt as 
to the seriousness of the offenses. 

That is fair enough; the choice of 
speaker is a political decision. The 

party pays a price in keeping Mr. Gin- 
grich, just as it would pay a price of a 
different kind if it were forced to drop 
him. But that is for it to decide. 

Although his lawyer says otherwise, 
Mr. Gingrich was accused of having 
circumvented if not violated tax and 
campaign spending laws by converting 
ostensibly charitable land therefore 
tax-deductible) contributions to polit- 
ical purposes. He was further accused, 
if not quite of having lied about the 
operation, then of having misrepres- 
ented the nature of it to the committee. 
He admitted to these offenses only in a 
kind of code (hence his lawyer’s in- 
sistence that he had admitted to much 
less), but Mr. Cole in his appearance 
before the committee on Friday made 
dear what was at issue. That was an- 
other of his services. 

The president is likewise in trouble 
for having circumvented and pretty 
well trashed the campaign finance laws 
in last year’s campaign; his opponent 
did much the same. These are people 
who in other contexts preach toe need 
for law and order, then proceed to 
ignore the law as it applies to them. 
They reach too hard for money (they 
say the system leaves them with no 
choice), and too much of the money 
comes from interest groups that then 
turn out to have business before them. 

The system isn’t healthy. Part of toe 
damage is ultimately done to toe politi- 
cians themselves, as witness die dif- 
ficulties of the speaker and toe pres- 
ident, and highest-ranking elected 
officials of both parties. What better 
argument for reform than toe jeopardy 
they continue to face without it? 


Arms Aren’t Needed 

If Bill Clinton cherishes the demo- 
cratic and economic revival that has 
transformed much of Latin America in 
the 1990s. he will overrule toe re- 
commendations of his departing sec- 
retaries of defense and state and main- 
tain the ban on exporting advanced 
weapons to the region. 

The Pentagon, pleading the case of 
American arms exporters and eager 
potential customers like toe Chilean 
military, has long favored elimination 
of the restrictions. The ban was first 
imposed by President Jimmy Carter in 
response to the belligerent rhetoric and 
human rights abuses of Latin Amer- 
ican military regimes. 

The State Department, reflecting toe 
administration's goal of curbing re- 
gional arms races and encouraging 
poor countries to shift scarce resources 
from military to civilian needs, argued 
for maintaining toe ban. But, just be- 
fore leaving office. Secretary of State 
Warren Christopher reconsidered his 
views and joined with outgoing De- 
fense Secretary William Perry m re- 
commending an end to the ban. 

Madeleine Albright, nominated as 

Mr. Christopher's successor, has gen- 
erally championed restraints on arms 
sales but has not yet specifically ad- 
dressed toe F-atin American question. 

Those who favor arms sales note that 
with the exception of Cuba, all Latin 
American governments are now 
headed by elected civilians. But selling 
expensive, high-tech weapons like F- 
16 fighter planes is no way to nurture 
these developing democracies. Signif- 
icantly, the loudest Latin voice for un- 
restricted arms sales comes from Chile, 
where the military is not yet under full 
civilian control. If F-16s are sold to 
Chile, neighbors like Argentina and 
Brazil will feel compelled to catch up. 

Although toe United Scales is toe 
largest arms seller to Latin America, 
other countries also sell weapons to the 
region and some are ready to sell high- 
tech equipment But when Belarus re- 
cently sold two types of advanced air- 
craft to Pent, Washington rightly tried 
to discourage the deals, warning that 
they threatened regional stability. It is 
hard to see why that logic should not 
apply to American sales as welL 


Barbaric ‘Sport’ 

Merely regulating a barbaric act 
does not change its nature. Nor does 
posting doctors at ringside to prevent 
the combatants from lolling each other 
turn a bloody public spectacle into a 
legitimate sport 

The commercial sponsors of “ex- 
treme” or “ultimate” fighting say such 
bouts are safe because no contestant has 
yet been killed. But that is more a testi- 
monial to the novelty of these com- 
petitions than to their safety. Unfor- 
tunately, the promoters managed to sell 
that line to gullible state legislators who 
passed a law last year making New York 
the first stare to sanction extreme fight- 
ing. Illinois and Missouri have outlawed 
it as dangerous. 

Extreme fighting puts two contest- 
ants in a ring surrounded by a chain- 
link fence. They are allowed to pum- 
mel each other into pulp until one of 
them becomes unconscious or sur- 
renders, or until a doctor stops the 
action because a contestant has sus- 
tained serious injury. Head butts, kicks 
to the groin, punches to the kidneys, all 
are allowed. The rules prohibit only 
eye gouging, biting and. in New York 
at least, kicks to the throat. 

No one wins points for style; the 
promotions hawk violence, blood and 
pain, not athletic technique. The fact 
that audiences may relish seeing men 
bleed, and that some fighters will risk 
any amount of injury for prize money or 
glory, does not justify the state’s ap- 
proval these exhibitions of brutality. 

State Senator Roy Goodman of 

a barbaric act Manhattan, Governor George Pataki 
lure. Nor does and New York City’s mayor, Rudolph 
side to prevent Giuliani, worked to block an extreme- 
lling each other fighting match at Brooklyn’s Park 
pectacle into a Slope Annoiy in 199S. But Mr. Pataki 
eventually signed toe new state law 
jnsors of “ex- because his veto would have been 
ighting say such overridden. As a result, the politicians 
o contestant has may now be powerless to block a 
t is more a testi- match scheduled by toe same sports 
of these com- promoter in Manhattan in March, 
safety. Unfor- Supporters of extreme fighting con- 

managed to sell tend that legalization will allow the 
: legislators who State Athletic Commission to regulate 
iking New York the events. But in fact the commission 
n extreme fight- will not change the nature of the con- 
ri have outlawed tests, which are distinguished by their 
lack of rales. The new state law may 
its two contest- also make it difficult for communities 
led by a chain- to ban toe repulsive fights by proem pt- 
Uowed to pum- ing local ordinances. Mayor Ghiliani 
tip until one of will test that issue with his proposed 
iscious or sur- ordinance to ban the fights in New 
Dctor stops the York City. 

estant has sus- Governor Pataki has vowed to re- 
lead butts, kicks introduce a bill to ban toe fights 
the kidneys, all statewide. At the very least, commu- 
s prohibit only nitres ought to have a say in whether 
d, in New York they want such events taking place in 
roaL their midst. Repeal of toe new law 

s for style; the would give communities that prerog- 
snee, blood and ative. It would also nullify the pro- 
nique. The fact motors’ efforts to enhance their sport’s 
lish seeing men acceptability throughout toe country 
ighters will risk by brandishing the official blessing of 
r prize money or New York. In a culture awash in vi- 
the state’s ap- ofence, there is no need for another 
s of brutality. form of savagery as entertainment. 

Goodman of —THE NEW YORK TIMES. 

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W ASHINGTON — It is for the 
people of Serbia to determine 
whether they want and how hard they 
push for democracy, but what the West 
does and says to encourage the demo- 
cratic forces is enormously importanL A 
disunited West is fading the test. 

If one word describes Western 
policy toward Yugoslavia for the past 
seven years, it is “timidity." 

The West did little to prevent a vi- 
olent breakup. When war came, West- 
ern governments did not act quickly to 
quash it They have been gingerly in 
enforcing Dayton’s civilian provisions, 
balking at promoting democratic ele- 
ments in Serbia for fear of antagonizing 
President Slobodan Milosevic. 

Throughout, the purveyors of timid- 
ity have let demagogues and virulent 
nationalists hold sway, asserting tbai the 
Balkans were incapable of democracy. 

The impossible has happened — a 
democratic movement has arisen spon- 
taneously throughout Serbia. After two 
months of street demonstrations, op- 
position demands now extend beyond 
toe electoral to toe systemic. Middle- 
class Serbs increasingly resent toe re- 
gime for bringing economic ruin and 
international isolation. 

By Morton I. Ahramowitz 

Mr. Milosevic's seeming acceptance 
of election results is indicative of his 
decline; it also may be calculated to 
drive wedges in the opposition. There 
may be further ups and downs, con- 
cessions and repression. 

Even if Mr. Milosevic lets oppo- 
sition figures take office, he could eas- 
ily subvert their authority. He is by oo 
means history. 

But we are near toe possibility of 
serious political change in Serbia that 
can alter the dynamics of toe Balkans, 
including toe projects for Dayton and 
for democracy in Croatia. 

So where is toe West in all of this? 
Once again divided — except on restor- 
ing the election results. 

Some European countries would like 
to see a deal between Mr. Milosevic 
and the opposition. They worry that 
“aprfts Milosevic le ddluge' ’ (after Mi- 
losevic. a Good) — not just of blood but 
also of refugees. They remarkably stall 
view Mr. Milosevic, who is obstructing 
Dayton’s civilian provisions, as essen- 
tial to regional peace and stability. 

The Serbian opposition, of course, is 

not withont problems. Its leaders are 
inexperienced in government. Two of 
the three leaders advocated extreme 
nationalism in the past They are taking 
different positions now. 

They are out in toe streets day after 
day calling for a democratic, pro-mar- 
ket Serbia, although they have said 
little about how they would handle 
Bosnia and Kosovo. While there is 
wide anti -regime sentiment and enthu- 
siasm for the demonstrators, that does 
not mean that opposition parties them- 
selves have broad support. 

The West should not squander this 
opportunity to break with the dictator 
and back toe democrats. Western gov- 
ernments -do not have the influence 
with Mr. Milosevic that Washington 
had over Fezdinand Marcos in the Phil- 
ippines, but Serbia's dire economic 
straits give them substantial leverage. 

The sooner the West acts effectively 
to strengthen toe forces of reform and 
civil society, the better the chances to 
avoid rale by a Milosevic minion if he 
goes, or more of toe same from toe real 
thing. Even if a Hifni«i«hwH dictator 
holds power, a strengthened opposition 
is not likely to be dormant. 

The West must stand together and 

commit itself to backing the democratic 

forces of Serbia. What is needed is not a 

commitment of NATO troops but a 
collective diplomatic effort; 

• No support for the present Serbian 
government, oven if it makes tactical 
concessions, until it permits the free 
broadcast media to operate, honors 
civil rights of Serbian citizens, holds a 
fraud-nee presidential election this 
fall, and promotes reconciliation at 
home and across borders. 

m Diplomatic isolation. The European 
Union states should pull out their am- 
bassadors as Washington did long ago. 

• Cut all economic ties involving any 
channeling of funds through the Ser- 
bian government. Only toe United 
States seems to be making this case. 

• Provide substantial funds for the 
free media and to buildup a pro-reform, 

civil society. „ „ , 

Push is coming to shove for radical 
political and economic change in the 
former Yugoslavia. This is no time for 
toe disunity and timidity. 

The writer is president of the Carne- 
gie Endowment for International 
Peace. He contributed this comment to 
the International Herald Tribune. 

"iS-'iM . J 

— v ica*'* 

Microcredit: Beating the Drum for Small Loans to the Poor 

Williams, a single mother 
of four, qualified for her first 
$500 loan two years ago. She 
bought a specialized sewing 
machine and some material, so- 
licited her first order -- for 
robes for a minister in her 
church in the Washington area 
— and never looked back. 
Today her company. BB 
Designs, offers a line of church 
wear and Afro-centric designer 
clothing;, and Ms. Williams, 52 , 
is p lannin g to expand her staff. 

That fust $500 did not come 
from a hank Ms. W illiams 's 
bank denied her application. The 
loan came from the Foundation 
for fntpmarinnal Community 
Assistance, a nonprofit organi- 
zation based in Washington and 
one of toe pioneers of “micro- 
credit” in toe United States and 
in the developing world. 

Microcredit, the stimulation 
of self-enterprise through toe 
granting of small loans, is all toe 
rage in development circles. It 

By Fred Hiatt 

is not well known beyood those 
circles, a situation that its ad- 
herents hope to remedy with a 
summit in Washington in about 
two weeks. Four heads of state 
and Hillary Clinton have pro- 
mised to show up, toe organ- 
izers say. They hope that Bill 
Clinton, a longtime advocate of 
microcredit, will show up, too. 

The microcredit evangelists 
may be overselling their 
prodnet, but there is no doubt 
that the community assistance 
foundation, toe Grameen Bank 
in Bangladesh and rimflar in- 
stitutions have accomplished 
remarkable things. 

The institutions operate dif- 
ferently in different places, but 
they tend to share some prin- 
ciples: an insistence on business- 
like practices, an em phasis on 
women as clients and officers, 
and a commitment to extend fi- 
nancial services to populations 
tmserved by traditional banks. 

The godfather of toe move- 
ment, Mohammad Yunus, got 
things rolling with a $27 loan 
from his own pocket 20 years 
ago. He was an economics pro- 
fessor in Bangladesh, inspect- 
ing the effects of famine in rural 
areas. A woman he met was 
earning only two cents a day for 
the baskets she wove, because 
she depended on an itinerant 
trader to advance her materials 
and then set the price for her 
finished products. With a loan 
of less than $2 from Mr. Yunus 
— 4 2 people shared his initial 
$27 — she was able to break 
free of her usurious trader and 
up her profit to $1.25 a day. 

That was toe start of the 
Grameen Bank, which today 
has 2.1 millio n borrowers in 
36.000 localities, borrowers 
whose loans (average size, 
$150) have brought them a 
small weaving business, an ex- 
tra goat, their own land — a bit 

of breathing space. Almost all 
the bank's clients are women, 
who organize themselves into 
small associations. An aston- 
ishing 97 percent of their loans 
are repaid on time. 

"In the poorest families, the 
woman suffers most,” Mr. 
Yunus said. “She is the one 
who is always given the 
roughest deal. So, given the op- 
portunity to overcome, she be- 
comes toe toughest fighter.” 

Grameen-style hanks , co- 
operatives and nonprofit orga- 
nizations now exist in Indone- 
sia, Bolivia, Kyrgyzstan and El 
Salvador. They reach an estim- 
ated 8 million people. Several 
(but none in the United States, 
where costs are higher) claim to 
be self-sustaining. 

The Microcredit Summit 
wants to reach half the world's 
poorest people — 100 million 
families living on less than $1 a 
day — by the year 2005. “The 
time has come to recognize mi- 
crocredit as a powerful tool in 

the struggle to end poverty and 
ecxmomic dependence.’ ' toe or- 
ganizers say. 

Over the decades, theorists 
have championed many tools 
for ending poverty, and most 
have disappointed. Is microcre- 
dit different? 

We don't know; as in many 
other areas of social policy, the 
lack of rigorous evaluation of 
effects is disturbing. The World 
Bank could usefully commis- 
sion studies on the comparative 
long-term benefit of investment 
in microcredit versus, say. lar- 
ger-business development 

It is clear that toe most im- 
portant tool for ending poverty 
re mains sound economic pop 
icy, investment in education 
(especially primary education) 
and good governance. 

The World Bank, which bas 
begun to champion microcredit, 
beueves that it is one important 
strategy. It plans to invest $200 
million in toe idea. 

The Washington Post. 


Land Mines: Canada Leads the Crusade to Get Rid of Them 

• v.vj* -■nmi 

r- -*** m 

• -* -<*"**• * 
~*c -M 

. v-sAami 

-■r- >4**' 
- -t. '.'Ji - 

, Hfi 

■: \ 

has taken steps to propel 
the nations of the world toward 
a treaty banning the production, 
transfer and use of anti-person- 
nel land mines. It has invited 
willing states to draft a treaty 
this year and to convene in Ot- 
tawa in December to sign it 
The Clinton administration’s 
decision, announced on Friday, 
to sidestep the "Ottawa pro- 
cess" and pursue negotiations 
instead through toe UN Con- 
ference on Disarmament is a 
blow to toe Canadian initiative, 
but the route to Ottawa remains 
open — for now. 

The president’s commitment 
to this cause is real, but the 
negotiating course he has 
chosen risks delaying achieve- 

By Patrick Leahy 

meet of a real land-mine ban 
until well beyond his final four 
years in office. 

He coupled his decision on 
Friday with a pledge to make 
permanent the congressionafly 
mandated ban on tire export and 
transfer of land mines and to 
support legislation to do this by 
law. He also has taken toe lead 
in documenting toe horrific toll 
taken by mines. 

Every 22 minutes a man. wo- 
man or child is killed or maimed 
by a land mine. In Bosnia, 255 
UN and NATO peacekeepers 
have been injured — and 29 
(tilled — by mines. In 71 na- 
tions, 1 10 million of these hid- 
den killers are being cleared an 

arm, a leg and a life at a time, 
mostly by innocent civilians. 

Armed with these gruesome 
facts, the president went to die 
United Nations last September 
and appealed for negotiations to 
complete a treaty banning anti- 
personnel land mines “as soon 
as possible.’ ’ On Dec. 10, aU.S. 
resolution urging all nations to 
“vigorously pursue” a treaty 
passed the UN General As- 
sembly, 156 to zero, with only 
10 abstentions — a major 
achievement. The world com- 
munity is clearly ready to fol- 
low U.S. leadership to move 
quickly to outlaw these 
weapons. The question now is 
how to get there. 

U.S.-Backed Security for Israel 

N EW YORK— Two of toe 
most important para- 
graphs in the documents Grom 
toe Israeli-Palestinian-UJS. 
negotiations have received vir- 
tually no attention in the press 
as I write this. But they are 
essential to understanding 
what Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu agreed to. how his 
plans are developing, and toe 
critical role for toe United 
States in determining whether 
toe negotiations wUl end in 
peace or detour away from ft. 

They are in a letter from 
Sec r et ary of Stale Warren 
Christopher to Mr. Netanyahu. 
One paragraph contained this 
sentence: “I have advised 
Chairman Arafat of U.S. views 
cm Israel’s process of re- 
deploying its forces, designat- 
ing specified military locations 
and transferring additional 
powers and responsibilities to 
the Palestinian Authority.” 
Mr. Netanyahu did what 
many s importers and enemies 
thought he would dol He set a 
final redeployment date from 
Judea and Samaria — the West 
Baito — in mid- 1998. But he 
could not have agreed unless ft 
was made dear that Israel 
would designate “military lo- 
cations" that it would not give 
up. These could range from 
hilltops to toe entire Jordan 
Valley, one invasion route if 
the Arabs ever attack again. 

Then . Mr. Christopher 
wrote: “Mr. Prime Minister, 
you can be assured that the 
United States’ c ommn man to 
Israel's security is ironclad and 
constitutes the fundamental 
cornerstone of our special re- 
lationship Moreover, a hall- 
mark of U.S. policy remains 
our commitment to work co- 

By A.M. Rosenthal 

operatively to seek to meet the 
security needs that Israel iden- 
tifies. Finally I would like to 
reiterate our position that Israel 
is entitled to secure and de- 
fensible borders, which should 
be directly negotiated and 
agreed with its neighbors.’’ 

Mr. Netanyahu's opponents 
in his party thought that too 
vague. The United States made 
it clearer in another statement: 
“further redeployment phases 
are an Israeli responsibility 
and that includes designating 
specified militaiy locations.” 

Mr. Netanyahu had said 
that the framework of the Oslo 
agreement was binding be- 
cause it was made by toe 
Labor goveramenL That 
meant signing on at least to the 
theory of land for peace. 

In toe negotiations about 
after-Hebron, he got two vari- 
ations written (town by toe 
United States. First, the recog- 
nition of Israel’s right to spe- 
cify essential “militaiy loca- 
tions. " And Dennis Ross drew 
up a list of promises that toe 
Palestinians “ ’reaffirmed," al- 
though they never kept them. 
Such as: combating terrorists 
and their infrastructure “ sys- 
tematically and effectively,” 
and rewriting the covenant 
that consigned Israel to death. 

But there is no statement 
that the Palestinians had 
broken the promises or would 
be penalized for not keeping 
them in the future. 

So if the list is to work for 
peace, it will be up to the Is- 
raelis to demand compliance, 
and to Washington to give 
them the support implicit in 

setting down the never-kept 
Palestinian promises. 

To nail down whal Israel 
means. Natan Sharansky got 
the Israeli cabinet to state that 
tire “central condition for 
continuing the process with 
the Palestinians is toe mutual 
upholding of commitments” 
that each side made. 

Mr. Netanyahu's detractors 
in Likud and some supporters 
point out co r rectly that on 
linkage between promises and 
negotiations, that is Israel 
talking and America nodding, 
not Yasser ArafaL And who is 
giving what odds that he will 
peacefully accept what land 
Israel wants for security? 

Still. Mr. Netanyahu now 
has the making of what he 
lacked-— his own peace plan, 
substantially different from 

1. Leave much of the West 
Bank — but a lot less than 
Labor would have, and only if 
Palestinians end political and 
terrorist war against Israel. 

2. Make keeping promises 
the condition for keeping ne- 

3. Retain locations neces- 
sary for Israeli security. 

4. Hold fast to Jerumlem as 
Israel’s undivided capitaL 

5. Make sure that any Pal- 
estinian state does not stuff its 
territory with weapons of war, 
terrorists and disguised troops 
from other lands. 

I never felt that Mr. Net- 
anyahu had to prove his desire 
for peace. Now he has taken 
risks for himself and his coun- 
try to find out if the Arabs wfl] 
at last let Israel live in peace 
and security — indivisible and 

The New York Times. 

While 50 nations have urged 
an immediate ban and several 
have unilaterally curtailed ex- 
port, production and use of land 
mines, the United States (as 
well as such allies as Britain) 
has lagged behind, insisting 
on retaining '‘smart” mines, 
which are designed to self-de- 
struct automatically. 

There is nothing smart about 
a mine that cannot tell toe dif- 
ference between a child and a 
soldier. No such mechanism 
can be completely reliable. And 
there is no way pom- nations are 
going to give up their mines if 
toe world’s greatest military 
power refuses to. 

The Canadians recognized 
that while a handful of nations 
oppose a ban, the tide is strong. 
As toe list of treaty signatories 
lengthens, so will pressure on 
those who resist a land-mine 
ban. History has shown that 
public revulsion toward these 
weapons — rather than bene- 
volence on toe part of the 
world’s armed forces — has led 
governments to act 

The cabinet appointments of 
Madeleine Albright, who bas 
been a potent force for a ban, 
and William Cohen, who as a 
senator voted for curbs on U.S. 
export and use of these 
weapons, bolster tire opportu- 
nity for toe United States' to 
reclaim fts leadership. 

In the me antime , Canada, jfe 
soldiers on peacekeeping mis- 
sions in countries infested with 
mines, has taken up toe chal- 
lenge. Foreign Minister Lloyd 
Axwcrthy has expressed bis 
government’s strong desire for 
toe United States to play a cen- 

tral xote.axida wilimgDess to be 
flexible to accommodate the 
United Stales. . 

. Canada and the other nations 
that have joined it understand 
that we have far more to gain by 
stigmatizing these cruel and in- 
discriminate weapons and mak- 
mgtbeir use a war crime. 

The Ottawa process remains, 
toe best opportunity for rapid 
progress. It establishes a moral 0 . 
and tactical imperative for •• 
bringing holdout nations on 
board. It is doubtful that the UN 
conference will produce an 
agreement to achieve a bah. 
That process requires step-by- 
step consensus that rewards 
holdout states, who effectively 
have a veto that retards or pre- 
vents strong agreements. 

A meeting of nations sup- 
porting Canada’s initiative will' 
take place in late June in Brus- 
sels. This should serve as a use- 
ful benchmark for taking stock. 

If it becomes clear by then that a 
mandate for a total ban cannot 
be achieved in the UN process, 
toe Clinton a dminis tration 
should ' become an active par- 
ticipant In the Ottawa process, 

Canada has presented Wash- 
ington with a challen ge and an 
opportunity to show the moral 
leadership that the president in- 
voked when he said “the 
world's children deserve to 
walk toe earth in safety.” 

The writer, a Democrat £ 
senator from Vermont, is author 
of the current US. measures 
barring US. use and export of, 
anti-personnel land mines. He 
contributed this comment to 
The Washington Post . 

irfir. ! i.\! v.. 

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- •- :;r *ry 

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" V#l 




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.V ■ 


1897: TB Treatment young persons whose habits are 

NEW YORK — — The members 
of the Board of Health have 
officially pronounced pulmon- 
ary tuberculosis to be an in- 
fectious and communicable dis- 
ease, the treatment of which 
will be subject hereafter to toe 
same regulations as diphtheria. 
Physicians and nurses must re- 
port every case and place it un- 
der the care of a special hospi- 
tal where isolation of the 
patients will be provided. 

1922: Sloppy Diction 

PARIS — [The Herald says in 
an Editorial:] Proper articula- 
tion in speech, even by well- 
educated persons, is a rarity. In 

common life slipshod enunci- 
ation is a veritable n uisance. 
There are few parts of education 

that are so important, and yet 
few so Iftxte regarded. The fol- 
lowing maxim ought to be 
drilled into toe brains of all 

young persons whose habits are 
yet in the forming, and it might 
well be taken to heart by a va£t 
number of their elders: “If it is 
worth while to speak at all, itis 
worth while to speak clearly.” 

1947: Polish Left Leads 

WARSAW — Incomplete re- 
tains tonight [Jan. 20] showed 
toe Left-wing block leading by 
ton to one over its opposition, 
toe Polish Peasant patty, in this 
country's first parliamentary 
election since 1935. indi cating a 
smashing victory for the Soviet- 
officials in the Pro- 
vraonal GoveramenL Although { 
foe government itself predicted 1 
a ff l „ 1K , lead would be 
whittl ed dow n as more rural 
arete report, it seemed certain 
font foe Left-wing bloc would 

obtain at least 80 per cent of toe 

votes, wi th die remaining 20 per 
divided between 
as «Hted bloc satellite parties 
and the Polish Peasant party? 


;b»__ • ;>•. 

V %i.. 


T’<: 6^ 



A Misunderstood Creed 
# Gets a Vhal Rethinking 

j % Qiarles KianthanoDer 

i\V ASHlNC?rON — For most 

I; J7J? b ? k F*' ^beitarianisin 
Jis a fringe political tendency with 

iLShEw “Ml a narrow 

nSn?*' rf. ““dCTStOOd 

IS that individual liberty 
os the ultimate political good, a U 
f else be damned. And the ambi- 
;&on, as seen b the popular ftna- 
jguianon, « to produce a race of 
.fugged individualists eadi living 
J* f roowitaintop cabin with a 
.borticd wure fence and a “No 
;Trespassing” sign outside. 

: ™t** how most Americans 
I s ** libertarianism. But they won’t 
(after reading Charles Murray’s 
.spienchd new book, “What It 
.Means to be a libertarian: A Per- 
;sonal Intetpretation.’’ A personal 
.interpretation it is. But I suspect it. 

| wi ll so on become the prevailing 
.interpretation of libertarianism in 
.the United States. 

I. This is because the book is not 
.just sharply written and uncom- 
•tmonly clear but also quite un- 
usual. Mr. Murray has taken a 
very old idea, classic 19th-century 
Anglo-Saxonliberalism (what we 
now call libertarianism), and giv- 
en it a turn. 

Mr. Murray’s political ideal is 
■not a society of discrete, atom- 
ized, if ragged, individualists 
living in a castle with a moaL 
His ideal is a society where com- 
munity and family, charity mid 
'volunteerism, good works and so- 
cial intercourse of every kind 

1 His originality lies in arguing 
.that the way to get to this com- 
munal end is by libertarian means, 
that you produce social con- 
science and promote compassion 
not by mandates, regulation and 
bureaucracy : — as the welfare 
state has been trying to do for. 60 
years — - Ian, precisely the op- 

vi£age grow back. A History Lesson 
it? Can it grow back? J 

posit®, by setting people free, 
vji That belief rests largely on a 
theory of displacement: that, 
when government stepped in to 
take over all die caring functions 
that for generations had been the 
province of family and commu- 
nity and charities and churches, 
‘it did not add to the welfare of 
those it was helping. It was merely 

- Not only did it add very little. 
In fact, it subtracted: By substi- 
tuting the bureaucrat down- 
town for the churches, die social 
clubs, the charitable societies, 
it robbed these traditional car- 

ing institutions of their vocation 
and vitality. 

, e *“apte,“ he writes, “is 
round m the extensive social- in- 
SHrance functions served , by 
fraternal and craft organizations. 
They virtually disappeared with 
the advent of Social Security. An- 
. other example ties in the web of 
P“eotal pressures and social 
stigma that kept illegitimacy rare, 
combined with the private char- 
itable and adoption services that 
coped with the residual problem. 
Intricate, informal, but effective, 
this civil system amid not with- 
standthe proliferation of welfare 
benefits for . single mothers. Gov- 
ernment displaces but cannot- re- - 

Mr. Murray is the kiiid of liber- 
tarian who believes that it dobs 
take a village to raise a child. His 
Complaint is thar gov ernment has 
decimated die village. His solu- 
tion is to pare away gov ernmen t 
and let the village grow back. 

But will it? Can it grow back? 
That is the great question. • 

Perhaps 60 years of ceotratizbd 
compassion has so destroyed the 
habits of community that — tike 
the Soviet peoples who’ve for- 
gotten after 70 years how an or- 
dinary, honest commercial life is 
conducted — we’ve forgotten. 
Perhaps nothing will grow back. 
Perhaps when government leaves 
die scene, the poor and the des- 
titute will indeed, as liberals warn, 
be abandoned. 

Will they? We don't know. But 
the question is not metaphysicaL 

Jr is empirical. It wilf be tested 
as American society moves in- 
exorably toward smaller govern- 
ment. And that movement will be 
immeasurably helped along by a 
book like Mr. Murray’s that sets 
out the premises of limited gov- 
ernment with an honesty and 
forthrightness that even liberal 
critics are bound to admire. 

Lest 1 scare off readers, 
however, let me quickly note that 
this book is not primarily about 
political philosophy. * It Is about 
practical politics. It contains 
scares of suggestions — all poin- 
ted, some radical — for shrinking 
government back to the very lim- 
ned role envisioned by the 

You won’t find a more pro- 
vocative and enjoyable political 
vokme anywhere. • • 

Washington Post Writers Group. 

A Columnist Bares All: 
7 Schmoozed With Bill 9 

By E. J. Dionne Jr. 


Someone should point out to 
Strobe Talbott (Q&A, Jan. 16) 
that he’s deluded if be t hinks that 
“the wars in Europe this century 
have started largely because the 
Continent was divided between 
Russia and its allies and the com- 
munity of nations we call the 

Any schoolchild in Europe — 
even some in die United States — 
knows that the designs of. Ger- 
many on the Continent had mare 
to do with World War I and II dian 
enfeebled Russia (World War I) 
or the tag- along Soviet Union 
(World Warll) ever did — and by 
a long shot. 


St-Leger en Yvelincs, 

Scientology Again . 

Regarding "An Open Letter to 
Helmut . KohT { Advertisement , 
Jan. 9) and letters (Jan. 16) crit- 
ical cf the advertisement : 

As the author of the open letter 
to Chancellor Kohl, I feel entitled 
to a brief reply to some of the letters 
you received on that subject 
First, our letter never compared 
modem Germany , as a whole, to 
the Nazi regime, and we certainly 
never compared the treatment of 
Scientologists to the treatment of 
Jews during the Holocaust. What 
we compared was the campaign to 

exclude Scientologists from all 
aspects of German public life with 
the similar campaign waged 
against the Jews in the early and 
mid 1930s, before there were 
death ramps. 

Second, the gross discrimina- 
tion against Scientologists in 
today's Germany is readily 
demonstrable. Not a single Ger- 
man politician has denied or can 
deny the factual allegations of our 

The hysterical attack on the 
civil rights of individual Sciento- 
logists is a disgrace to the German 
nation. We were determined to 
shed light on the subject and to 
provoke open debate. That ob- 
jective has been accomplished. 


Los Angeles. 

1 am writing to express my ap- 
preciation for the “open letter” 
about discrimination against Sci- 
entologists in Germany. 1 am, 
however, appalled by all die neg- 
ative letters that followed. 

1 am sony the writers do not 
feel this issue warrants compar- 
ison with the Holocaust. Do they 
not realize that what is being poin- 
ted out are indications of 

No one expects that Scientol- 
ogists will be killed and cremated 
in Germany. But I do expect they 
will be further harassed and seg- 
regated until they are forced to 
leave die country. Their banish- 

ment from certain jobs and boy- 
cotts of movies starring Scientol- 
ogists indicate that a very serious 
situation exists. 


San Jose, California. 

As an American and a Jew, I 
was appalled to read the letters to 
the editor in response to the open 
letter to Helmut Kohl. It is fright- 
ening to me that bigotry and re- 
ligious discrimination of any kind 
can not only be tolerated but also 
condoned by your readers. Have 
we not learned anything from 

My admiration and thanks go to 
those public figures in the en- 
tertainment industry who had the 
courage to stand by their belief 
that individuals of any religion 
must have the right to practice that 
religion without persecution. I 
hope Chancellor Kohl takes note. 


La Om yfo . California. 

Editor’s note: As of Monday 
night, the International Herald 
Ttibune had received 34J faxed 
letters objecting to its Letters sec- 
tion of Jan. 16, in which six cf the 
eight writers took objection to the 
" open letter" advertisement ad- 
dressed to Helmut Kohl. The latest 
objectors, whose letters are fre- 
quently similar, welcome the ad- 
vertisement and criticize Ger- 
many; letters from California 

W ashington — Every 
journalist should have the 
experience of hearing the words: 
“Did you see what X wrote about 
you?” It sends chills up your 

In my case, the X in question is 
Dick Morris. 1 make a one-index 
notation appearance in his new 
book — as part of a list My cameo 
(in a crowd shot) is unimportant to 


the narrative. But it mattered to 
me, and it mattered enough to my 
informant for her to mention it. 

In classic Washington fashion, 
I immediately got worried and 
went straight to my favorite 
neighborhood bookstore to look 
up what he said. Here it is, com- 
plete with context 
“The president knew that his 
inability ro read all the papers — 
due to demands on his time — 
made him exceedingly vulnerable 
to staff censorship. He tried to 
overcome it by making dozens of 
phone calls each week to FOBs — 
Friends of Bill — who would share 
tbeir views with him. The jour- 
nalists Sidney Bluroenthal. Mort 
Zuckerman and E. J. Dionne were 
constant favorites, as were former 
Governor Ned McWherter of Ten- 
nessee, former Governor Evan 
Bayh of Indiana, Senator John Br- 
eaux of Louisiana. Senator Joe 
Lieberman of Connecticut, A1 
Fromm, head of the moderate 
Democratic Leadership Council, 
and others.” (Mr. From actually 
spells his name with one ”m”.) 

Imagine it There I was with 
Morris, Breaux and Lieberman, 
advising the president one day on 
Bosnia, the next on welfare and the 
day after that on what tie he should 
wear to impress undecided inde- 
pendent middle-aged Catholic 
women who live in the Midwest. 

In truth, the president is not my 
phone pal. He called me once 
when he was in an advice-seeking 
mode. I was stunned by the White 
House operator's announcement 
that the leader of the free world 
was on the line. 

I told him I thought it incon- 
sistent with the work I did to con- 
vey advice. But I confess I was 
sucked into further conversation 
when he started talking about bow 
the ideas in a book I had written fit 
into current politics. Writers are 
easily flattered. 

I tried hard not to give advice. 1 
asked questions and. on my end, 
repealed what 1 had been writing 
or had said on chat shows. I was 
uncomfortable with the whole 
deal , having been trained in the old 
school of journalism. The pres- 
ident never called me for advice 
again, for which I am grateful. 

He did, however, call one other 
time, to convey his sympathies 
when my mother died. And on TV 
recently, he said some nice things 
about a book I wrote last year. 

There are two issues here that 
go beyond my little appearance in 
Dick Morris’s book. The first has 
to do with the complicated re- 
lationship between opinion jour- 
nalists and politicians. 

Opinion journalists make their 
living describing the world as they 
think it should be. Explicitly or 
implicitly, we are always telling 
politicians what to do. We applaud 
when they do right, in our view at 
least, and denounce when they do 
wrong. Some of us in this opinion 
business come out of old-fash- 
ioned journalism. Increasingly, 
others come out of politics. 

I share with my colleague Dav- 
id Broder a bias in favor of those 
of us who started as ink-stained 
wretches. Even when we’re being 
paid to have opinions, the old 
journalistic fraternity still tries to 
retain a critical distance, thinking 
that's why people read us. It's the 
reason why I'm not a backdoor 
adviser to the president. Yes, there 
is a tension in opinion journalism. 
Anybody who takes sides on is- 
sues is implicated in the public 
debate. But if I'm going to give 
anybody advice, it has to be in 
public, so readers can judge it — 
and denounce it if they want 

The second issue raised by tills 
experience is one brought up by 
almost anyone I know who bas 
ever been the subject of words in 
print They always say that the 
story never gets it quite right, even 
on those occasions when journa- 
lists try hard to tell the truth. 

Mr. Monis. it should be said 
emphatically, is not a journalist 
Fur all 1 know, he was trying to do 
me a good turn painting me as 
terribly influential. So rattier than 
denouncing his mistake. I'll ex- 
press my gratitude to him for re- 
minding me that I should be more 
careful than ever about anything I 
write about anyone. 

Washington Post Writers Croup. 

•V 'J i.'£- 



The Hunt foe a Plagiarist 
By Neat Bovvers. 143 pages . $17. Norton. 
JReviewed by Jonathan Yardley 
.T^rVE years ago Neal Bowers found a 
*17 message from a fellow poet on bis 

^answerin g machine. He and she were not 

•acquainted, but his caller said die 
“knew my poems well enough to re- 
cognize my voice and style and fell 
■certain she was in possession of a pub- 
lished poem that belonged to me but had 
'someone else’s name on ft.” Not long 
'afterward she faxed bint the suspicions 
'poem, which proved “a greater shock 
than I was prepared to receive.” It was in 
all but minor respects “a verbatim tran- 
scription of one of my poems,” written. 

allegedly, by one David Sumner. With 
that shutting discovery Bowers began a 
long adventure in die dark world of 
plagiarism, one in which he Teamed a 
number of revealing and in some cases 
unsettling lessons. He first wrote about 
tins experience in the American Schol- 
ar’s fall 1994 issue, an article that at- 
tracted considerably more attention than 
he had anticipated. Now he tells Ms stray 
at somewhat greater length in “Words 
for die Taking.” 

Plagiarism is a crimes The laws re- 
cognize ft as such, as from time to time 
we are reminded when the author of a 
successful work suddenly finds himself 
pursued by someone who claims that the 
idea really was bis and that he should be 
compensated accordingly. Theseactions 
rarefy succeed, which may help explain 


By Robert Byrne 

E MIL Suiovskij won the World Ju- 
nior Championship last year, show- 
ing off his.tacacs in uw Round 8 game 
with Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu- ' 

The wandering of the white queen 
knight with 5 Ng5 is not rimless; white 
anticipates 5 ... Ngffr and is avoiding an 
exchange that could lighten das task erf the 
defender. Why not wait with 5 Bd3 or 5 
Bc4? Because White wants to keep those 
options open. j 

Nisipeanu followed the standard 
Strategy for this defense by breaking in the 
center with 14_ c5. The idea is that no 
matter rat what flank the black king 
castles, he is exposed to attack, so Black 
chooses to counterattack in the center, 
judging that after 15 Bh5 Ke7, his Iringis 
no worse than anywhere else. 

The cap ture with 16 del is known 
from the F IDE worid championship 
match between Gala Kamaev and 
Anatoli Karpov, In Game 8, 

•Spotted the point that 1 6,..Bc5? would 
tevebeencSdby 17cbQc5 18Qe5! 
Qe5 19 Bb4! .. . " 

Nisipeanu’s ]&~Rhd8 wasen intended 
improvement over Karpov’s 18 — Nd5 l9 
Bg3 Rhd8. Since that game last simmer, 
both Stttovskij and Nisipearai must have 
discovered a way to augment white s 

i . 

caro-kann defense 

attack, so the former heads toward it, the 
latter takes a divergent path. 

After 21 Kb I, Surovslrij threatened 22 
c4 Bg2 23 Rd6! Rd6 24 Ng6!, winning 
- material. If Nisipeanu had played 
21._Kg8, then 22 c4 Bg2 23 Nf7! Qf7 24 
Bd6 yields White the bishop pair and 
attacking opportunities against the black 
king and the weak e6 pawn. 

So Nisipeanu sacrificed a pawn with 
21_a6 to achieve counterplay. But 
Suiov&lrij was ready for him: after 22 Ba6, 
Nisipeanu backed away from 21—Ra61? 
23 Qa6 BeS 24 Be5 QeS 25 Qb6 Rc8 26 
GJ, but as long as las could keep the 
queens on die board, he bad a chance to' 
fight. He should have taken that course. 

Instead, he thought he saw a good 
chance in 22~J^le4?, fcwt Sutovskij had 
seen further. After 23 Ro41 Bo4 24 M61 
Rd6 (24.~Qd6 25 Qe4l Qdl 26 Bel! Ra6 

27 Qb7! Qh5 28 f41 Raa8 29 g4! Rab8 30 
QbS is overwhelming for White) 25 No4! 
Rdl 26 Qdl Qf4 27 Nb6! Re8 (27. Jfc6? 

28 QdS mate) 28 Bb5!, Nisipeanu’s rook 
was trapped. 

In playing 28_Qf2. Nisipeanu surely 
overlooked 29 Qd6!, which forced the 
win-of a rot*. Or perhaps he thought he 

could get a draw through perpetual check, 
bra after 35 a4, he reatiaed that that was a 
pipedream and gave up. 






■: I ef 


_ 2xM 


: .3 m 


i Ne4 



Ngtt - 

7 l- 8 Bd3 


•- 7 NH3 

Btt J 

, 8Qe 2 


. 9Ne4 
; 10 
, 14 N«3 
15 BbfiT 

' W dc 
17 a3 









□ 1 

f°l | iJ 

■ ”^11 

why so few people take plagiarism se- 
riously. Not merely is it difficult to prove 
that words have been stolen, but many 
people doubt that anything of value has 
been lost. Bowers himself asks: “Why 
would anyone steal a poem when the 
price it commands on the open market 
varies from a single free contributor’s 
copy to several dollars a line?” 

The reason to rare, as will readily be 
told by anyone who writes either for a 
living or for the pure pleasure and sat- 
isfaction of it, is that one’s words are 
one’s own. Plagiarism, as Bowers puts 
it, is “the theft of someone else’s cre- 
ative and intel lectual property.” Wheth- 
er that property be as exalted as a perfect 
work of poetry or as mundane as this 
book review, it is something that has 
been created by a person and that, unless 
sold or given away, is this person’s prop- 
erty. It is as simple as that; but as Bowers 
found to his surprise and dismay, re- 
markably few people actually see it that 

When the plagiarized poem came in 
over the English department: fax machine 
at Iowa State University, Bowers expec- 
ted his colleagues to be as shocked as he 
was. But the first colleagues to whom 
Bowers showed the fax merely “started 
grinning as they compared texts”; this 
was “the first sign of how little sympathy 
and help I would receive.” Others fol- 
lowed in rapid succession: 

“Friends and colleagues listened to 
my yam. compared my poem with its 
plagiarized clone, and said, ‘Imitation is 
the sincerest form of flattery’; ‘You 
should fed complimented to have 
someone like your work well enough to 
steal it’; and ’You know your poem is 
good because it has been published twice 
now.’ These and similar comments all fit 
the making- lem onade- wben-life-hands - 
you-a-lcmon perspective offered by 
various advice columnists. More than a 
platitudinous playback, though, there 
was in my consolers’ tone something 
authentic, the suggestion that plagiarism 
really is a pat on the back and a boost to 
the ego; and they were often upset when 
1 bristled or responded sarcastically.” 

Hie indifference of Bowers's academ- 
ic colleagues was nothing by comparison 
with the skepticism and hostility he en- 
countered when, as more and more ev- 
idence of “David Sumner’s” thefts 
began to accumulate. Bowers took his 
that are poetry’s chief venue in the 
United States. The “trusting editors of 
poetry periodicals” were “easy marks” 
far David Sumner ■ — or David Jones or 
Diane Compton or whatever his/her real 
name may be — but few of them ex- 
pressed any interest at all. Bowers writes, 
when he alerted them to the stolen poems. 
Bowers .acknowledges sympathy for 
these editors, awash in seas of unsolicited 
manuscripts, but he is far too kind to 
them. The very evidence be presents 
indicates nothing so much as pervasive 
cowardice, gullibility and fatuousness. If 
American poetry is in the hands of these 
people, small wonder it is so marginal. 



Position after 22... Ne4 

Jonathan Yardley is on the staff of The 
Washington Post. ' 

— Z ' T AT T 

. / '* 

• 4 4 

^ feb 24, 25, 26, 1997 Paris, France 

eco 1997 

eco-logiques strategies * * * 

An international conference on strategic tools, plans and 

thinking about environment as a component of 
competitiveness, for industry and government. 

Day 1 Policy in the making 
Day 2 Programs ■ Case studies 
Day 3 Cutting-edge techniques 

Confirmed speakers 

Alain Jupp£ (France), 

Yoshifumi Tsuji (Japan), 

Allan Kupds (Canada), 

David Buzzelli (USA), 

Franck Riboud, (France) 

Dr Waiter Jakobi (U. ((/Germany), 
Erling Lorentzen (Brazil/ U.K), 
Klaus TSpfer (Germany), 

Brice Lalonde (France), 

Mikhael Pozhivanov (Ukraine), 
Olivier Bomsel (France), 

Philip B. Watts (U.K), 

Bill Long (OECD/USA). 

Connne Lepage (France), 

Marius Enrhoven 
(EU/ Netherlands), 

Dr-lng Wolfgang Holley 

John Resslar (USA), 

Cliff Bast (USA), 

Jean-Franfois Bensahel (France), 
Brad Allenby (USA), 

Hlrayuki Fujimura Qapan), 

Ezio Manrini (Italy), 

Dr Werner Pollmann (Germany), 
Julio Velasco (Argentina), 

Tom Hayden (USA), 

Julia Carabias (Mexico), 

T. van Santen (France), 

Taklhfko Ota Qapan), 

Jacques Vernier (France). 

Flora Lewis (France/ USA), 

Anne- Marie Boutin (France), 
Frances Caimcross (U.K), 

Mark Hertsgaard (USA), 
Fabienne Goux-Baudiment 

Todd Glttlin (USA). 

Jacqueline Alois! de Larderel 

Bettina Lavitle (France), 

Don Carlton (USA), 

Francois Feissinger (France), 
Michel Ogrizek (France), 

Bernard Tramier (France), 
Philippe Lameloise (France), 
Ucia Bottura (France/Italy) 

For more details and registration 
information, contact : 

Association for Coiloquia on the 

Penny Allen and Christophe Bonazzi, 
73 avenue Paul Doumer 
750x6 Paris. France. 

T : 33 (o) a 45 03 82 84 
F : 33 (□) 1 45 03 82 80 
E-mail : 

Web site : 


Honorary Chairman, Brice Lalonde 

with the official patronage of 

The French Ministry of the Environment and 

OECD (Organization ter Economic Co-operation and Development) 


international herald tribune, 

PAGE 10 

• • ^ 

Divine Madness: Galliano True to Himself at Dior Debut 

AR1S — “I’m not here to buy.' ' 
said the gutsy but bankrupt 
Duchess of York, Dior-clad and 
sitting front row at the show. 
"Please say I've just come to look.” 

Well, hadn't we ail! John Galliano's 
celebration of 50 years of Dior was 
audacious and salacious, ethnic and ro- 
mantic. Judged as if it were his own 
passionate fashion statement — rather' 
than as an attempt to re-define Dior — 
his debut was a pretty good effort. 

Surely Galliano's i 6-year career had- 
been a dress rehearsal for this sublime 
moment? Models, clad in dusty mauve 
evening dresses that corkscrewed round 
the body, caressed the central pillar. 
Above them roses tumbled from a giant 

Round the circular ballroom on their 
gilded chairs sat grim-faced clients, 
while actresses Emmunuelle Bean and 
Charlotte Rampling cheered ecstatically, 
and Bernadette Chirac, wife of the 
French president, defined what Dior used 
to be about: a matronly tailored suit. 

Galliano tried his hand at tailoring 
without much conviction, showing pert 
coats and suits w ith ultra-short skirts, as 
though dowager Dior was deliberately 
kicking up its heels. They, by the way. 
were in high-heeled sandals with peaiis 
winding up the legs. Otherwise, simple, 
fiat hair and the occasional mannish hat 
emphasized youthful simplicity. 

The collection took flight at night, 
with Galliano’s inimitable mermaid 
dresses, shadowing the body and del- 
icately decorated w ith a flower corsage 
or beading. But they were scattered 
among things that are to haute couture 
what the pe tailed and stuffed tomato is 
to cuisine. Isn't life loo short to bother 
with a sugar- icing ball gown made of 
400 meters of tulle? With a white leather 
jacket scissored into lace? Or with 
fringed sleeves made by drawing each 
single thread out of the weave? 

The show was pure Galliano in its 
mix of the sexually provocative with 
distant cultures. The worst of the show 
was in the lingering lingerie looks — 
hand -pa m ted -pom her chiffon trimmed 
with lilac lace. The best was the 
chinoiseric embroidery on a siren dress 
of chartreuse satin. 

"I think Monsieur Dior left so many 
clues as to which way I should go," said 
Galliano, whose febrile imagination 
shifted from Boldini’s Belle Epoque, 
through Chinese opium dens to Africa. 

A Masai theme heal like a tom-tom 
through the show, bringing weird 
and wondrous multi-colored heading 
or breastplates of pearls filling in a 
bare bosom.. ( And there were a few of 

Lightening up haute couture at the Paris shows; from left, Ungaro’s sparkling hi’eed jacket and soft.flowered 
pants; at Dior, Galliano's curvy black-and-white houndstooth suit with lace purse; Jean Paul Gaultier's light 
layers of lace and chiffon for a minidress; Versace's feather-light, rose-patterned dress and chiffon coat. 

those, along with barely veiled rears). 

It was Galliano's party and there was 
a tender moment as he took his bow. a 
tiny be-suited figure surrounded by 
models wearing his ultimate fantasy 
gowns. What Dior can get out of Gal- 
liano’s divine madness — either for 
potential clients or to build a dynamic 
modem image — depends on the 
house's marketing skills. And also on 
whether the luxury fashion world, after 
a period of design draught, is ready fora 
flood tide of fantasy and romance. 

Gaultier’s couture collection — self- 
financed and provoked by pique at be- 
ing passed over by Dior — was a tri- 
umph. It was concise in its cutting, 
intriguing in its use of fabrics and witty 
in detail. (.Think lace used to shape an 
eyebrow or partem a transparent shoe, 
and imagine gloves as the arms of a 
leather dress). 

It was above all modem. And quint- 
essentially Parisian, giving back to 
French design in a contemporary spirit 

Pierre Cardin's 
50-Year Look 

International HcruU Tribune 

P ARIS — “When I look 
around 1 must admit that I 
am impressed by 50 years of 
work,” said Pierre Cardin 
surveying the sculpted jersey 
dresses, the Chinese lantern cutouts 
and the flying-saucer skirts in his 
new exhibition (at the Espace Cardin 
for three months from Ffcb. 2). 

With background sketches of 
different ethnic folk waiting to be 
clothed and photographs of Cardin 
meeting and greeting world leaders, 
you catch the spirit of a designer 
w hose empire circles the globe. 

But why no dates on the dresses 
or on the space-age sculpted jew- 
elry? The better to prove, said 
Cardin, that all his work is as con- 
temporary now as at ib inception. 


that je ne sais quoi that makes a woman 
in a black pantsuit, jacket soft as a car- 
digan. hands slouched in pockets, look 
like the reincarnation of Left Bank chic. 

Drawings of a traditional couture 
salon on hanging backcloths greeted an 
audience that included the designers 
Azzedine Alaia. Sonia Rykiel and Y ohji 
Yamamoto, and die legendary 
hairdresser Alexandre, who had col- 
laborated with Gaultier on the ice- 
cream-cone chignons laced with beads. 
That was for guys. too. 

Gaultier’s brilliance was at the same 
time to poke fun at couture (.a traditional 
commentary replaced music and men 
were allowed their sequins and lace ), yet 
to celebrate it in a little black draped 
jersey dress or a tuxedo scattered with jet 
embroidery. His signature styles were 
given a couture edge: pin-striped tail- 
oring had a kimono front, a portrait neck- 
line or hand-smocking ar the midriff; his 
favorite matelot sweater came as a long 
dress in ribbon stripes of stretch lace; and 
those infamous corsets appeared as the 
fleshy lining of a grand gown. 

L ACE was a major theme, but 
Gaultier trapped it under a 
transparent plastic coaL And 
out of a bag on the runway 
appeared a stretch tulle slip, em- 
broidered with symbols of Paris — light 
in weight and lighthearted in spirit. 

”1 thought of the clients; 1 didn’t 
want to do costume or spectacle for its 
own sake,’ ’ said Gaultier, who deserves 
to find clients for his smart switch from 
streets to salon. 

Like a deft chef making a new dish 
from familiar ingredients, Emanuel Un- 
garo sent out a souffle-light collection — 
reinforcing the mesage of Gianni Ver- 
sace’s weekend show that lightness is 

“Lightness is freedom.” said Ungaro, 
taking praise backstage for a pretty, col- 
orful collection, with ultra-refined cou- 
ture workmanship. Think erf pleats 
tucked every which way on the bodice of 
a dress or lace used so delicately that it 
seemed like shadow play. Hair decorated 
with a bouquet of feathers or quivering 
organza flowers added to the impression 
of a blow-away coliectioa- 
Pants. too, wafted soft and wide un- 

der fitted jackets — say a flowery silk 
jumpsuit or panther-print chiffon 
under a scintillating tweed jacket, Only 
sunglasses accessorized the daywear. 

So Ungaro had turned ample? Not 
exactly — although a standout was a 
plain cream lace dress, edged with 
minuscule pearls, topped by a navy lace 
sleeveless coaL Elsewhere there might 
be encrusted lace or embroidery, but a 
simple, slim silhouette was the base 
(forget the bouffant evening gowns). So 
too was that gossamer lightness. One 
embroidered bronze sheath looked like 
fairies bad stitched their magic on a 
nude stocking. 

The wedding dress — a meringue of 
pale, flower-patterned skirt puffed be- 

low a strict tweed jacket — was a meta- 
tor for the fine show: Ungaro had kept 
is ebullience under control. 

A sweet bird of youth was supposed 
to have landed at Nina Ricci. ’Well, at 
least it was nesting on the scraped-up 
chignon and perching inside the tulle 
veil of the wedding dress. The clothes 
had lightened up, with sheer dresses 
over discreet Lace slips. But designer 
Gerard Pipart, seems to think that wo- 
men want to twirl about in a pouf of pink 
taffeta. His polished technique is at its 
best in floaty evening dresses as fine as 
a mille-feuille pastry and twice as 

And if ... if Givenchy had taken as 
designer its natural successor, Domi- 

nique Strop. Hubert de Givenchy’s pro- 
t6g6 for 10 years? The sleek and sinuous 
dresses Sirop sent out Monday in a' 
faded mansion in Pigalle offered a fresh, 
young take on couture — and food for; 
thought For his light tailoring and, 
dresses cut seamlessly on the bias, en- 
livened with a flutter of ihodalite feath- 
ers or tubular plastic waterfalls, seemed' 
the essence of modem elegance. Hey, 1 ^ 
any conventional fashion-aware woman' v- 
would kill for these clothes. 

The bosses of couture houses now- 
want wacky, attention-grabbing shows, 
rather than client pleasers. But Strop’s 
collection was a timely reminder that 
cut and class are still the high C’s of! 
haute couture. 

Ethereal Visions, Fantastic Fabrics 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Rivulets of molten 
gold pouring over liquid silk 
velvet or the material illumin- 
ated with moonbeam silver — 
Sabina Fay Braxton’s exquisite tex- 
tiles deserve their exhibition title: 
“Etoffes de Lumieres” (The Stuff of 

Joyce Ma’s Gallery in the Palais 
Royal is displaying the work of the 
Paris-based English artist-designer, 
who uses antique textiles and her no- 
madic travels as a base f or her own 
ethereal visions. 

“She brought the feeling for dec- 
oration on velvet to Paris, ’ ’ says Chris- 
tian Lacroix, the first designer to 

use Braxton’s work in haute couture. 

The show includes a Braxton-BiU 
Blass dress and offers scarves (from 
1200 francs, or about $220), pillows 
(from 1,500 francs), abstract work-of- 
ait wall hangings and fabrics by the 
meter that slither through the hand. 



MARCH 1997 





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10 With 39- Across, 
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Esc. 191 L Paris 

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A Space for Thought. 


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25 Patisserie 

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30 Around 
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«i Rops'B-dope 
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13 Visual O.K. 
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24 Current status 
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35 1978 Gerry 
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44 Marins fishes 

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Turn* or timm w.serwr 

©JVew York Times/Edited by Will Shorts. 



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PAGE 11 

Six*... -■ . • 

First, Take a Hostage 

To Make Sure Their Demands Are Heard, 
Credit Fancier WorkersBetainBank’s Chief 

PARIS — - Hostage-taking, in the 
wmd sense, is the bargaining tool of 
choice in France these days. 

In December 1995, transit work- 
ers took the city of Paris hostage 
when they went on strike to protest a 
higher retirement age. In November 
of last year, striking truckers held the 
entire nation hostage when they 
blockaded roads and highways, also 
over retirement. 

In the case of Credit Fonder de 
France SA, a large, quasi-public 

mortgage bank, _ 
ten more specific, 
bank’s DrcsrdenL 


of workers, opposed to 
a government plan to dismantle the 
bank, have occupied the bank’s 
marble-floored headquarters in a 
chic shopping district since Friday, 
and they say they are not leaving 
until they get their way. 

Neither is the bank’s president, 
Jerome Meyssoonier, whose title ac- 
tually is governor and who spends his 
days in his gifcceilinged office eating 
pat£ while the white-collar strikers, 
many in suits and ties, mill around in 
the columned great hall of their 

a former convent, 
e haven't brutalized him, " 
said Catherine Bernard, a supervisor 
at the bank; it’s just that bolding Mr. 
Meyssoonier “is the only way of 
keeping pressure on the govern- 

“All categories of workers are 
here, from upper management to 
low-level employees/ ’ said Patrick 
Kronenbitter, a strike leader and ex- 
pert in real-estate valuation. “We 
will stay until we have gotten what 
we want,” he said. “People are very 
motivated, very determined.” 

Mr. Meyssoamier, who was ap- 
pointed to his post by the govern- 
ment, declined through one of Ids 
jailers to be interviewed. 

In the 18 months since Credit Pon- 
ders future was called into ques- 
tion, he said, employees nave 
demonstrated in front of the pres- 
idential Ely see Palace twice and oc- 
cupied the Paris Bourse once, but 
this is the first time, they have gotten 
any serious media attention. 

“In France, occupation of a busi- 
ness is a tradition,**' Mr. Kronen- 
bxtter said. 

The Credit Fonder occupation is 
See PROTEST, Page 15 

I'nuieL Km .nV. \pen»- Krun-lYrM 

Credit Fonder employees meeting In the bank's headquarters Monday. 

Hashimoto Presses On 
With Economic Plan 

He’s Not Deterred by Plunging Markets 

By Velisarios Kattoulas 

IfUcmatiajtet HcruU Tribune 

TOKYO — Prime Minister Ryutaro 
Hashimoto took a daring gamble 
Monday, as the yen and Tokyo share 
prices plunged anew, by pledging to 
press ahead with painful economic re- 
forms rather than increase spending in an 
effort to aid Japan’s economic recovery. 

Despite the yen’s brush with a near 
four-year low against the dollar Monday 
and the fresh plummet in stock prices 
that was triggered by the bankru|Kcy of 
a publicly quoted restaurant chain. Mr. 
Hashimoto stuck to his guns, resisting 
calls from some economists and politi- 
cians to raise spending. 

In a policy speech at the start of anew 
session of Parliament, Mr. Hashimoto 
repeated promises to reform Japan’s 
fettered economy, including a plan to 
increase taxes. The proposed increases 
have hit Japanese financial markets hard 
and some economists insist they could 
cut Japan's already feeble economic 

“It is obvious that existing systems 
are blocking die vigorous development 
of Japan.” Mr. Hashimoto said, calling 

on voters to accept the "pain” of his 
proposed reforms. “ It is not permissible 
to slow the pace of reforms or postpone 
them for fear of pain. ” 

Jeff Young, an economist at Salomon 
Brothers, said Mr. Hashimoto was tak- 
ing “a dangerous, calculated risk.” 
“He is trying to deal with problems 
now rather than later and risk a year of 
economic stagnation and market weak- 
ness for the sake of a recovery later on/ ’ 
Mr. Young said. 

The stance taken by Mr. Hashimoto 
risks disappointing critics on both sides. 
Among proponents of strong reform, his 
measures to overhaul economic insti- 
tutions are seen as half-hearted and in- 
sufficient. But at the same time he is 
offering little to those hoping to pump- 
prime die economy. 

Tokyo stock prices have dropped 10 
percent so far this year, including 3.37 
percent Monday, on worries about Ja- 
pan's economy. The Nikkei 225-share 
stock average closed at 1 7,480.34 points 
Monday, down 609.7. 

The yen. meanwhile, has fallen 
nearly 50 percent since April 1995, 

See JAPAN, Page 15 

Banc One to Buy a Card Rival 

•Olivetti to Sell PC Unit and Gain Stake in New Fin 

Cn if fcH y ftr SwIXpaBto 

MILAN — Olivetti SpA said Monday 
it would sell its unprofitable personal- 
computer unit to me London-based in- 
vestment company Centenary Corp. 

The chief executive of Olivetti, 
Roberto Gdanmoo/srid the unit was 
being sold for 250 bfflioa lire to 300 
billion lire ($160 million to $195 mil- 
lion). Centenary, which is run by an 
American lawyer. Edwatd Goftcsmann, 
will be creating a new company , called . 
Piedmont fotematiorraJ fortbe takeover. 

Olivetti said it. would retain a !0 per- 
cent stake in Piedmont. 

The price, which was not disclosed, 
will be based on the unit’s shareholder 
equity at the time of the sale. Olivetti 
said u expected to complete the sale by 
the end of February. The personal-com- 
unit has been largely responsible 
ti’s loss of more than 43 tril- 
lion lire in the past six years. Olivetti has 
been seeking a buyer since late last year 
for tiie personal-computer division. The 
unit made a name for the company in the 
1980s but suffered losses in the com- 
petitive climate of the 1990s. • 

. >. The new company will have two sub- 
sidiaries, an industrial one in Italy and a 

commercial one in the Netherlands. As 
part of die contract. Piedmont will 
pledge to continue using Olivetti ’s main 
factory at Scannagno for four years, the 
factory will remain the property of Oliv- 
etti. and Piedmont will be able to use the 
Olivetti name on its products for at least 
20 years. 

Mr. Colaninno .and Mr. Gottesmann 
said Gianmario Rossignolo, the chair- 
man of the Zanussi unit of Electrolux 
AB, had agreed to become chairman of 
Piedmont. Mr. Rossignolo had already 
announced that he was supporting Cen- 
tenary's bid. The sale of the personal- 

computer unit was one of the promises 
Olivetti's management made after 
heavy losses led to a boardroom shake- 
up in September, when the controlling 
shareholder. Carlo De Benedetti, was 
forced out as chairman. 

Mr. Colaninno said that after two 
years Olivetti would have the option to 
sell its 20 percent to Piedmont and that 
Piedmont would be obliged to buy it 
“A formula has been decided to 
determine the price,” he said. 

Olivetti shares were suspended from 
trading ahead of the announcement. 

( Bloomberg . Reuters) 

C.njUrJ by Ow Sijff Fnm Dupmdtn 

COLUMBUS. Ohio — Banc One 
Corp. said Monday it would acquire 
First USA Inc., the fourth -largest credit 
card issuer in the United States, for $7.3 
billion in stock. 

By adding First USA’s portfolio of 
$22.4 billion in outstanding loans and 
16 million customers. Banc One would 
become the third-largest credit-card is- 
suer in the United States, trailing 
Citicorpand MBNA Corp. The card unit 
of Banc One has $12.6 billion in loans 
and 16 million customers. 

First USA. which is based in Dallas, 
also owns 57 percent of First USA Pay- 
mentech Inc., one of the largest U.S. 
processors of credit-card transactions. 

“It’s a blockbuster," Joseph Du wan, 
a bank analyst at Keefe. Bruyette & 
Woods, said of the Banc One offer. 

“They are increasing their bet on the 
credit-card business, and credit cards are 
certainly critical to their developing a 
national consumer-banking franchise/’ 
Banc One offered 1.1659 shares for 
each Find USA share, equivalent to 
$52.61 on the basis of Banc One's closing 
price Friday of $45,125. The companies 
expea to complete the deal by May 31. 

Banc One shares closed Monday at 
$41,625, down $350. while First USA 
finished at $45-50, up SS.75. 

Fust USA is among a handful of 
companies that specialize in cards, using 
sophisticated marketing and low interest 
rates to lure customers from the regional 
banks that once dominated credit-card 
lending — such as Banc One. Banc One 
had $101.8 billion in assets as of Dec. 31 
and about 1,500 branches in 13 stales. 

(Bloomberg. NYT ) 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

A Bigger EU Should Take In Turkey 

By Reginald Dale 

bturmroootd Hendd Tribune 

W ASHINGTON — As the European Union 
struggles to redraw the pofitico-economic map 
of Europe, one vital piece is in danger of being 
left out. Thar piece is Turkey, which a senior 
U.S. official not long ago described as the West’s “front- 
line state” of the post-Cold War era. __ •• 

The significance of Turkey’s strategic position amid the 

Balkans, the Middle East and the 

Caucasus hardly needs pomting 
oul It is a key member of me North 

Greece, the EU agreed to start membership negotiations with 

'■*- 1 ips in as little as a year. 

yielding to Athens, other EU governments hoped to 

Many Tarts suspect they are 
being kept out of the EU 
because they are Muslims. 

Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

Yet as the EU prepares toexpand 
eastward, it is paying more atten- 
tion to formerly hostile, nations in 

Central Europe titan to its long- 
standing^ Turkish ally — to which, rashly perftaps, it prom-, 
ised full membership more than 30 years ago. 

Turkey has long had a raw deal from the EU, especially 
since its traditional enemy Greece became a member in 
1981. Now Greece is blocking hundreds of millions of 
dollars in financial aid that TurlO^ should be getting under 
its recent customs-umon agreement with thcEU- 

EU companies are racking up profits exporting to Tu rkey, 
while Tutkey is deprived oftunastfaaz had been nronnsed it 
" ' ade 

n Pi,, 

-rights violations. 

Combined with a lack of interest Jn Washington. 
Europe’s policies seem almost calculated to push Turkey 
aws^from tire Wesuplayi^ into the tao^of the country s 
Islamist prime minister, Necmertin Erbakan. 

But astbe latest tension o ver Cypnre shows, the Jbu s 
Turkish problem is not going to go away. On the contrary^ 
atMselybeaiux of Cyprus, it is coming nghi back to 

haunt the EU. . _____ * 

In another rash promise, extracted under pressure firom 

There is as yet no sign of tins — although a Western 
ixdtiativeis likely in the next several weeks. But tireEU would 
be crazy to admit Cyprus if tire problems of the island’s 
division and of future EU relations with Turkey woe left 
unresolved. Things could get much 
nastier. Greece has threatened to 
veto EU membership for the Central 
European countries if Cyprus’s entry 
is unduly delayed, and there are fears 
in Brussels that Turkey could then 

veto the extension of NATO. 

Expansion of either orga ni zat i on 
requires unanimity, a rule that gives Greece the ability to 
veto Turidsh membership in the EU — the solution that pro- 
Western Turks, and some in Washington, would prefer. 

Many Turks also suspect they are being kept out because 
tire country is cverwbehningly Muslim and not considered 
genuinely “European" by current EU members. Officials in 
Brussels furiously reject that suggestion, but given the sony 
history of EU-Turidsh relations, it is perfectly understandable. 
The EU should finally grasp the nettle of Turkish mem- 
bership. The Turks were told 10 years ago that they could not 
join because their country was too large and too poor and its 
respect for democratic and human rights inadequate. 

Now they should be told that they will be welcome as 
members once their economic and human-rights problems are 
resolved. To soften Greek opposition, a commitment to future 
Turkish membership should be linked to that of Cyprus. 

Soon, an increasingly diverse Union will probably include 
25 or more members, its Eastern frontier stretching from the 
Arctic Circle to tire Black Sea. One day, it may also incorporate 
tire former Yugoslavia, including the Bosnian Muslims. It 
should be able to find room for an old friend like Turkey. 


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’Ybu’ve got the vision. 
We’ve got the know-how. 

You see things for what they 
are. And also for what they 
could be. 

It’s the kind of vision that 
ignites and fuels the entrepre- 
neurial spirit 

We at Credit Lyonnais Private 
Banking share this vision. 
And, equally important, we 
have the knowledge, special- 
ized products- and services 
to help you get where you 
want to go. 

Our Geneva subsidiary, specialized 
m Private Banking since 1676. 

We’ve gained unrivaled, in- 
depth experience from our 
group's worldwide presence. 
Even in the most out- of - the - 
way countries. 

But there is yet another 
key dimension to Credit 
Lyonnais Private 
Banking strength. 

From the time 
we opened our 
first office in 

120 years yWl 
ago, our 

history has revolved around 
durable, personal relation- 
ships, based on dialogue and 
attention to detail. 

We listen first... and then 
respond with speed, efficiency 
and a total commitment to 
providing the precise solution 
for your demands. From trade 
financing and international 
logistical support to portfolio 

management, financial instru- 
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Whether you are a private, 
corporate or institutional client, 
you’ll find Credit Lyonnais 

Private Banking can anticipate 
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close partnerships built on 
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Together, these two dimen- 
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Let’s talk. 


Private Banking Network; 

Switzerland: Geneva tel 41 22/705 66 66 - Headquarters for Credit Ltonxais Imeknatioval Private Baxrivg 
Basle tel 41 61 .'284 22 22 . Zurich tel 411 12 17 86 86 . Lugano tel 41 91/923 51 65 
Paris tel 33 1 /42 95 03 05 • Luxembourg tel 352 /476 S3 1 442 - London tel. 44 1 7 1 ,'499 9 1 46 
Monaco tel 377 . 93 15 73 34 - Vienva tel 431/55 1 50 120 ■ Montevideo tel 598 1 < 95 OS 67 • Miami tel I 505/375 78 14 
Hong Konc; tel 852/28 02 28 88 . Singapore tel 65/555 94 77 

PAGE 12 

• -T 



Investor’s America 

55D0 ■ 620 - 

Dollar in Deutsche marks B Dollar in Yen 

A S O N D J 

1996 1997 



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Source: Bloomberg, Reuters 

Dow Jones to Aid Telerate 


NEW YORK — Dow Jones & 
Co. said Monday it planned to in- 
vest $650 million in its Telerate 
financial news and data unh, re- 
sulting in lower-than-expected 
earnings this year and next year. 

The company, publisher of The 
Wall Street Journal said it planned 
to increase die amount of news, 
securities prices and analysis it 
offered through Telerate and to 
focus on market segments instead 
of geographic regions. The 
changes will take place in the next 
three to four years. 

Telerate “has experienced some 
slowdown recently, and we mean 
to remedy that” said Peter Kano, 
chief executive of Dow Jones. 

Telerate, acquired by Dow 
Jones for $1.6 billion through a 
series of transactions completed in 

1990, competes with Reuters 
Holdings PLC and Bloomberg LP, 
the parent of Bloomberg News. 

Dow Jones's management is un- 
der pressure to improve the per- 
formance of one of its biggest busi- 
ness units and revive its stock 
price, winch trailed the overall 
market last year. Do w Jones shares 
fell $4,125 Monday to $36.75. 

The investment in Dow Jones 
Telerate will be funded mostly 
from operating cash flow, and 
Dow Jones does not expect to incur 
a significant amount of additional 
debt to finance the program. 

“Clearly, the plan to revitalize 
Telerate win have a proloaged ad- 
verse impact an earnings,” Ed At- 
orina,an analyst at Oppenbetmer& 
Co., said. “But I think it was 

soirtfthinc the company bad to 


game analysts have predicted a 
>in-afF of the struggling unit, but 
fr. Alorino said that was unlikely 
because Telerate was a key pari of 
Dow Jones 's strategy to be a premier 
provider of financial information. 

“This company's really a totally 
integrated operation; it would be 
like unscrambling eggs,” he said. 

Separately, Dow Jones said it 
had fourth-quarter net income of 
$59.6 million, down from$60nril- 
Uon a year earlier. Revenue rose 
nearly 10 percent, to $671 million. 

In the year, operating income 
from its financial information ser- 
vices segment, which includes 
Telerate, fell 21 percent, to $155.8 
million. Telerate accounts for 
about 85 percent of die revenue 
generated oy the segment, which 
also includes the Dow Jones News 
Service. (A P, Bloomberg) 

Bank and Tech Shares 
Lift Stocks to a Record 

taonUMBl Hcnkl Tribune 

Cultural Protectionism Loses Battle 

Very briefly: 

• Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts lac. will sell 51 percent 
of the Trump’s Castle casino in Adamic City, New Jersey, to 
Colony Capital Inc^ a Los Angeles-based real-estate in- 
vestment fund, for $125 million. 

• Rockwell international Corp.’s first-quarter earnings rose 
18 percent, to $179 million, or 82 cents a share, on improved 
performance by its electronics-systems division. 

• Exxon Corp. will be a partner of Total SA of France, Hunt 
Oil Co. of the United States and Yukong Ltd. of South Korea 
in Total's $23 billion natural gas-project in Yemen. 

■ Paine Webber Group Inc, Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette 
Inc. and Alex. Brown Inc. said fourth-quarter earnings rose as 
low interest rates and surging stock prices helped under- 
writing revenue and brokerage commissions. 

• Raytheon Co/s fourth -quarter net earnings dropped to $177.4 
million from $217.1 million a year earlier. 

• Mellon Bank Corp. agreed to buy Ganz Capital Man- 

agement lnc~, a closely held investment company in North 
Miami Beach, Florida, with about $400 million in assets, for 
an undisclosed amount AFP. Bloomberg 

By Anthony DePalma 

New York Tunes Service 

TORONTO — The United States 
appears to have won an important 
skirmish with Canada over trade re- 
strictions on intellectual products 
such as magazin es, which coukl 
strengthen Washington’s case 
against so-called culttnul-protection 
trade policies used by many other 

The World Trade Organization, 
which decides disputes among more 
than 120 nations that trade with one 
another, ruled last week that Ottawa 
could not try to ban Canadian edi- 
tions of magazines from the United 

States by imposing heavy excise 
taxes or other measures that throttled 
trade, including favorable postal 
rates for domestic magazines. 

The ruling is preliminary, but it 
was considered unlikely rtiwt the 
WTO would change its mind before 
reaching a final decision next 

Canada has long contended that it 
needs to keep out Canadian editions 
of U.S. magazines to protect the 
country’s own magazme-publisfaing 
industry. Regular editions of 
magazines from the United States 
can easily be found at most news- 
stands. where only about 20 percent 
of the magazines displayed come 

from Canada. But unlike the Ca- 
nadian editions, the regular editions 
contain no advertising specifically 
for or by Canadians. 

The U.S. trade repr esentative's of- 
fice complained that the excise tax 
and other measures violated trading 
conventions that Ottawa had agreed 
to follow. Canada uses a range of 

tradftw^erinwt and Iftgfll Imitations 

to protect books, television, 
radio broadcasts and other aspects of 
what it considers national cultural 
heritage from outside domination. 

A victory before the WTO would 
bolster the U.S. position, trade ana- 
lysts say, and could pave the way for 
similar action in other countries. 

NEW YORK— Stocks finished 
higher Monday m quiet , holiday - 
trading, with several leading mea- 
sures edging to arecoad on rallies in- ■ 
financial and technology shares. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
rose 10.77 points to a record 
13.87. Last week, foe high-fiy- 
blue-chip barometer gained 
1.3 1 points, or nearly 2 percent, . 
breaking the 6^00 markfra - foe first 
time and setting four new highs. 
Advancing issues Barely out- 
numbered declining ones on tbe 
New York Stock Exchange. 

Broad market indexes turned 
mostly higher after some early 
weakness. The Standard & Poor’s 
500 list rose 0-56 point to a record 
776.73, and the Nasdaq Composite 
index jumped 1235 points to a re- 
cord 1361.40. 

The bond market was closed in 
observance of Martin Luther King 
Jr. Day. 

-Trading on the Ni 
ceeded with few hitches on 
day of the Securities and Exchange 
Commission’s new order-handling 
rules, which seek to give Nasdaq 
investors access to foe best avail- 
able prices. 

The rules, adopted in August, re- 
quire Nasdaq dealers to allow cus- 
tomer “limit ord er s” — stock or- 
ders at specified prices — ■ to 
compete with coders placed by deal- 
ers and institutions. 

Financial- services co mpanies 
got a lift after Banc One agreed to 
buy First USA fueling speculation 
of further consolidation in die in- 
dustry. The two were the most ac- 
tive Big Board issues. 

Citicorp rose VA to 109 , Chase 
Manhattan was Up % to 92 %, and 

Dean Witter Discover , rose 1 tq 
36%. Other gainers included 
MBNA, a major credit-card issuer,; 
tip 2% to 3316 in active tradings 
Advanta, another card company. . 
rose 5 to 45 on the Nasdaq. 

- The technology-rich Nasdaq 
drew a boost from Microsoft, its 
most active stock, which rose 3% tej 
90% after a stroeger-than ^expected 
earnings report Friday. Cisco Sys- 
tems rose 2% to 74%. and Sun Mi-j 
ecosystems rose lVfcto32%- 
Dmg shares declined, led by 
Pharmacia & Upjohn, whose chief 
executive, John . Zabri&kie^ 
resigned. The shares closed at 38%, 
down 2%. Contributing to the drop 
was concern that investors had 


overestimated growth prospects irj 
die industry. “Today’s biggest de- 
clines are stocks that havehad t bd 
largest run-ups this year,” said Eu-j 
Peroni, an analyst az Janney 
xnery ' Scott. Sobering-! 
fell 1 to 70%. Merck fell V4 ta&\ 
48%, and E& Lilly fell Vi to 81%. » 
Agouron Pharmaceuticals fel$ 
3% to 76V4 on die Nasdaq. The drug-4 
maker and Japan Tobacco granted 
the Swiss drug company Hoffmann-' 
La Roche limited marketing rights 


oil, which was $26.05 a barrel oif 
Jan. 9, has fallen to $24.64. 

PepsiCo shares rose % to 3H4;* 
The soft-drink and snack-fooc^ 
company was reported to be coot 
sidering a spin-off of its ftito-Lay 
fast-food businesses or its bottling 
unit. - (AP. Bloomberg ^ 

JAPAN: Hashimoto Presses Ahead With Painful Economic Reforms, Despite Plunging Markets 

Weekend Box Office 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — “Beverly Hills Ninja” dominated the 
U.S. box office over the weekend, with a gross of $ 10 million. 
Following are the Top 10 moneymakers, based on Friday's 
ticket sales and estimated sales for Saturday and Sunday. 




l Metre 




(HoBywood Pictures) 

S7J ratoon 

6 Jany Maguire 


568 mA Don 





(Dimension R&nsJ 

S68 mDflrai 

7. MKlWd 

(New Utte Cnemol 

S6 ratoon 

L Hie People vs. Lany Ryirt 



9. JaeWe Chan's First 5 Irtte 

(New Line Onerm) 


18 One Fine Day 



Continued from Page 11 

when the dollar briefly fell below 80 
yen. On Monday in New York, the 
dollar closed at 118.050 yen. up 
from 1 17.325 yen Friday. 

Many economists had hoped Mr. 
Hashimoto would adopt the high- 
spending policies favored by his 
predecessors to spark Japan's eco- 
nomic recovery and bolster weak 
financial markets. Since 1994, Ja- 
pan has enacted tax rebates to lift 
spending, and since 1992 it has 
spent 66 trillion yen ($5625 billion) 
on economic stimulus plans. 

But Mr. Hashimoto said policies to 
sppr Japan’ s- economy and ^financial 

markets must take second place to 
cutting its bulging budget defied. To- 
gether. national and local govern- 
ments will have outstanding kmg- 
tenn debt of 442mIUcai yen by the end 
of this fiscal year in March, be said. 

‘ ‘Structural reform of both spend- 
ing and revenue is imperative if we 
are to proceed with improving gov- 
ernment finances,” be said, warning 
of a "collapse” in government fin- 
ances unless action was taken im- 

Japan aims to cut its budget deficit 
from nearly 7 percent of gross do- 
mestic product to less than 3 pe r c en t 
by 2005. To do that, it must stick by 
its decision last month to "lift the 

l*' 1 'J *1 5*. 

consumption tax to 5 percent from 3 
percent and to scrap special rebates 
on income and residential taxes in 


April. Mr. Hashimoto said. These 
planned tax increases are at the cen- 
ter of the gloom surrounding Ja- 
pan’s economy. 

Many economists have estimated 
that Japan’s economy could grow 3 
percent in the year to March 31. But 
Salomon Brothers predicts that 
growth in the following year will 
slow to 0.7 percent because of the 
consumption tax. increase, and the 
end of the special tax rebates. 

States would keep drawing money to 
American investments and the doU ■ 
lars needed to buy them, Bloomberg* 
News reported from New York. 

The dollar closed at 1.626$ 
Deutsche marks, up from 1.6175 DM 
on Friday, at 5.4840 French francs, 
up from 5.4558. and at 1.4165 Swiss 
francs, up from 13996. The pound 
fell to $1.6627 from $1.6682. 

After a spate of reports showing 
stronger -tfaan-expected job growth 
and industrial output in December, 
many analysts estimate foe UiT. 
.economy grew at an annualized rate 
jor currencies Monday on optimian ' of more than 33 percent in the 
that strong economic growtii..aikLlfrMntii^uailer,_The Genman econ? 
attractive interest rates in the United omy, by contrast, was stagnant. 

, z.' n r-.\. ."Vi- a.-- .fcj rsnn ,rӣa, cf 

With Japan’s opposition in dis- 
array and four years to go before Mr. 
Hashimoto must call a general elec- 
tion, anything short of a market crash 

in thevalue'df the yen isunlflsebfto 
prompt a rethinking of govern m ent 
tax policies, analysts say. 

’Tor the economy, Hashnnoto’s 
speech is a tragedy,” said Yuichi. 
Matsushita, a strategist ai NIkko Re- 
search Institute. 

■ US. Economy lifts Dollar 

The dollar rose against otherma- 




Monday's 4 pun. Close 

The tap 300 mosl-actve shares, 
up » mo dosing on Wan Street 
Thu Associated Press 

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Stock Tables Explained 

Saks flguw me imoBWbt YWiy Ngh5 o«l lows mCtad Hie pnvtaua 52 weeks plus the ament 
Men pod. Hie years r a n ge and dividend am shown tor ae r e * Sto tts arty. Untep 

«H(wse noted «Pos ol dMtferats ate oonooi dfebunemenb based on me toted Bedaafcn. 
a • dividend also ertni (s). B • odnual rote of dWdend plus stock dividend, c - RquMaflno 

divhMnd. cc - PE cMead%99dd- coaed-d- ne* yoarty kM. M-8K6fn tt« tad 12 montta. 

e - dividend declared nr paid in preceding 12 man ms. f - Brand rote, increased on last 
declaration, g - dividend in Canadian funds, suttfect to 15% non-rcsldanee fax. I - dividend 

dedared offer spfit-up or slock Addend. } -dMdffid paid Ms yaor, omfflea detomd, or no 

onion fatal of latest dhrfdena meeting, k • dMdend declared or paid Ms year, an 
occumuknhfB issue with cflvtdends In arrears, ra . annual rat* reduced an fast decknstton. 
n - new issue h Hie past 52 weeks. Tta Wgti-kw raR9e M9lrH wffh ttie alnf a< mnMig. 
nd - next day delivery. P - Inflial dwaJend. annual rale unknown. P/B^ - pdce-eombigs reOa. 
q - dosed -end mutual fund, r- dividend declared or paid in preceding ISmardta, pius stock 
dividend, s - stack spilt. Dnldend begins w»i date of sptt. Us- sales. t-dMdenti paid (n 
Stock In preceding I2n»nffis. estimated ash value on ec-dMdend or eMfiltriliullon dot* 
■ - new yearly high. *• UwHng haired, vl -in bankruptcy or receivership or being r eoqpm U e d 

undarffie Bankruptcy Acionecuifnes assumed by SoCfa cenwinies.iiid- when dWdbufed. 

wt - when Issued/ ww - with warrants, x - w -dividend or a-rtflWs. zdf ■ ex-dWtoufian. 

xw - without oarnmfs. y- ex-dividend and Soles in fuB. ytd - yield, z - soles in fud. 

Jan. 20, 1997 

HWi Low acts Chpa Opfait 


itiOD bu nWWnum- dot kn per buahd 
Ma-97 17516 1M 1714* -081*127,447 
Mov*7 275 7 jO<A 170 -083**1,411 
JUI 97 273* Z6BV, UP* -003*59747 

5*p97 270 2 M 1*45* -OEVi 8.1W 

D«c97 1*94* 14* 2448* — QJC4* 41,197 

ES. sales HA. Frrs.90*e> 447S0 
Rrtopanu 30281* up 594 


HM «ww- iMbts POT Nn 

JWI97 24X30 240.43 24U0 +090 X422 
Mw«7 23440 23X09 23*70 *475 

MOV 97 2KM 230JD ZO30 -040 51470 

JUIW znm 229 jo zura -oaq twn 

Aug 07 233-50 227 JO 22970 X1M 

Sep 97 22440 220J0 2ZUB +040 2751 

EO.Stoes HA Fifi-ttile* 2X94* 
RrfsopwiW 19 JO* in 1Z74 

40400 0*- CM on per HO *6. 

Jar 97 MX 2371 1AM -0.W 1441 
Ma-97 2446 34.14 3*83 —0.11 #447 

May 97 25K JLH JU9 -0.10 17J41 

Jilt 97 2S30 24J8 2S01 -4.J3 M.144 

Aup97 2540 EI3 2X13 -ftll X7M 

SopW 2X50 2X22 3X22 -0.11 3 AM 

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Jm97 7J0ft 737 74486-4411* 1824 

Mcr97 734 73416 74*\* -402 72847 

May 97 734 734* 74* —002 3 2 J2S 

Jain 734 73486 74*8* -00155 30784 

Auo V7 7 M 731 74T8* -8J05* 4777 

Esl.Wka HA FfTisate 4*814 
FrftopenM 157454 off 333 


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Mcr 97 34556 ITS 17716 -043 27431 
May 97 X67 3408* 1*186 -045 9J41 

JUt 97 151 346 34*86 —0858* 2240 

Sop 97 ism 349 14986 -00* 1435 

EsLscOes HA Frfx soles 1X243 
FrfscBonlnt *2404 Off 304 



441000 Pa- earn «r H. 

Fab 97 1620 tX22 (*.15 +OS5 3UM 

Apr 97 47.10 *6.12 4732 +047 8441 

Jun97 6440 4X64 6432 +B40 0404 

Aue 97 4452 4357 *447 +043 12,130 

OU97 *7.10 4*42 BSS +037 4.9*0 

Qac97 MJ5 H3I *647 +A37 UB 

Ed. vies 14823 RYxscte 13*7 
FrYsoeenkw 9S8« » *7 


L- ampere. 

Jan 97 <9J5 4987 032 +985 2831 

thru 6940 *037 035 +038 7422 

Apr 97 085 0.15 *949 +045 2461 

May 97 7S80 69J0 69.97 +032 3417 

AUB97 7X73 72.10 7147 +042 3852 

SOB 97 7281 7X15 7280 +033 SO 

EsLCOla 1733 Frl-xiobs 21475 
FWiepenW 208*5 UP 2to 


*0800 K.- cants per 

Feb 77 73.95 75J5 7S45 -030 11872 

Aar 97 7117 7442 7435 +0.11 H845 

Jur 97 79JO 7X05 7137 +0-3 X8*4 

AH 97 7*85 7332 7*45 +045 14S5 

AS 97 74.15 7X20 73JJ +128 

Ocr 97 030 6440 *695 +032 1398 

EsL soles 642* PrPLSOtS 5371 
Aftepenln* 31759 off 293 


*0800 MW omm pw b. 

Feb 97 753* 7X95 7585 +085 3479 

Mar 97 7582 76» 7585 +045 1,14* 

May 97 7670 7485 7SJ0 +043 lr*46 

Jut 97 7617 7440 760 +012 4M 

Add 97 7175 7X15 7380 +033 3H 

EU. sole* 1.973 Pinato 18*0 
RfSODPtH 7391 Up 75 

Hlpb Low dose Chpa Opfetf 

158HbL. carts nrh 

**W97 8X95 8600 BiB +SJ5 223S5 

Hotel 8780 87 Ji 57 JO +580 54<7 

8M97 RL75 9X08 90JS +XS» 1401 

SeP 97 9X70 9100 93J0 +S80 1820 

Est-ioJes NA Fri'isnte Sjn 
FTTsapenW 30438 up 887 



mo eov ocr- doHn par Imv a. 

Jan 97 35410 —180 

Fab97 35640 35X4 35446 -18b 
35540 — 1J0 
Apr 97 35888 35530 35630 —280 
JunW 35980 E740 35840 -280 
A* iW 3048 3030 3090 -288 
0097 MU — 230 

Dac97 3030 3*440 36580 -iOO 
ES.scta HA Fit's, sates *0813 
FTTsopenM 20X110 UP 99 

HVi Lear CWe Cbpe -Oplrt 

«rD9 933*0 3X33* 

Am 00 91T0 34.981 • 

5 *pM 9X130 3Q.93* 

Deed# , _ 93850 26782 

EsLsata 9U. RYt-inte 378.TO 
RfsepwiH XI 97818 up 1310 












X 928 




JSJ09 to*.- curat orr fc 

Jan 97 17080 107.10 UU5 +285 

F*b 97 1040 10X90 10675 +1J0 

Abr97 10880 10650 I074S +130 

Aor77 10580 10340 WXH +185 

Wcy97 10ta 18)40 18485 +140 

8*197 KUO 1DXJ0 10385 +180 

J897 1S240 9980 WX1J +140 

AUp97 10140 1B1AI toIJO +145 

SfPW KDJ0 10630 MOJO +135 

ES-Sotes MA Frfxsolas 65*4 
FrTsopenW 56175 off 1M 


5800 froyaz.- anls par tmraz. 

Jen 97 <708 —60 4 

F«fc97 < 718-48 2 

«trt 7 4718 018 <7X2 —48 *4^31 

tear 97 408 <754 <777 -48 HU51 

MV <8X5 0X5 43X3 -48 67* 

S»w . *0J -48 1865 

Dec 97 058 060 *961 — *0 5825 

JdPM 069 —48 9 

Estates MA FrT*.sae* 124Z7 
RftoeenW 9X215 off 7 



JUR97 14*6* 

Sep 97 14*32 

Dec 97 14*80 

Estates NA FtTaados 6493 
FfYsopwiblt 4am off 985 . 

140800 Men. Spar Cth. tOr 
Ht*V 7515 7473 708 

Jw9l 75*0 7515 7541 

Sep 97 7579 

Doc 97 7*15 

Est sales MA ftfs-aters X6S8 
Frfsopenir* 51 794 off 4 

12X0*0 mrata. S par mark 
Mor97 4717 415* 4223 

Jut 97 sm 

5epW 430* 

D«c 97 4350 

Est.sdes NA nr&IObs 418*7 
Fit’s opwitt 82814 tm 40*3 

MPAieEYBI <aeo 
Un0njS* * pw 9® van 
Mar 97 808592 JJ0BS11 808611 
Jun?7 joostw 

See 97 800*0 

Est.KSes HA nn. solas 19AS 
FrYsopenM 737*0 up 1777 

VM5S FRANC lameo 

12X800 teanea. SPOT ftww 
Mor97 7196 7877 7212 

Am 97 7 09 

SepW 730 

Estsoko NA Rtfs, sate* 19858 
FrYsepanH 514*7 u> 521 








7 &S 5 




■ 454 



18 B 

HI0*i Law Ooaa Owe Optait 


0800001- art par pof 
F*97 6070 4640 <694 — JJO 36377 

Mw97 08) *600 *607 -4.12 26941 

APT 97 *478 CXBO 092 -AS WJO 

May 97 015 <185 HA7 -627 5754 

Am 97 «US 5988 5982 -0.12 6400 

Ad *7 0.12 — 082 38*4 

AUO 97 0.10 0.M 082 +083 2.9*7 . 

Sep 97 080 00 047 +081 2.932 (- 

oan BL0 BLW *082 +083 1870 ™ 

NOV 97 *070 *605 40X7 + 088 177* 

Esr.sola NA Frftsetes 3X28* 

Frfsapenirt 103411 off 437 


Fab 97 2543 2582 

Mo- 97 3470 1613 

Apr 97 2615 2343 

May 97 2241 2X19 

JUn97 ZLT5 2273 
A* 97 2240 2X51 

AUB97 2X» 22.13 

Sep 97 2185 2177 

0097 7141 7181 

7+ov 97 

Dec 97 7180 2049 

Jon *8 2848 3040 

Dee 00 

Efi.**ac HA Fry*. 
FrTs apart W 3738*1 

2623 —dill 

2389 +081 
ZX4D +883 
2291 +084 

2X0 +004 
2X09 +BL4M 
.2173 +001 

XIX* +087 
7181 +887 
2073 +00 
200 +888 
19.19 +614 

soles 130850 

Off ns 














ATI 97 3040 35980 33740 -380 18 

Apr 97 35198 3*1X0 35140 -180 198*7 

JUT97 3*5.10 3*600 36378 -390 X919 

OCtW 3040 3050 3(600 —600 2X93 

An 98 3*0*0 —480 1X7* 

Est sales NA Rrt*s. sates 140 
Fit’s open W 25453 w IB 

Case PraWoua 


DoBars per metric ton 

'"ISS 6 ^ 1S79V9 1SB0V4 
102% 162X80 161180 161X80 

B —l 

248980 M9 . 480 24*XJ» 246780 
225980 235180 225280 225X00 I 

71780 71880 70480 70580 
724M 72580 712V9 71380 

7X7080 728080 72S080 725080 
737580 738080 734580 735580 

599080 600000 
604580 605080 





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sp* imoo U3180 rtim mas 
fSwH 115080 115180 113100 113600 

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Jun97 967* 

Seo97 *657 

Esr.sole* HA FK's.saie* 213 
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10173 101X3 181X7 +081 225X75 

Jlte97 18078 10040 HXL47 +081 &9Z 

— t'^rn s?T f - ail fr 
RattaOBteU 231X97 off 3404 











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See our 

Arts and Antiques 

every Saturday 



10 mteic ttw y par ten 
Mgr 97 
May 97 
AB 97 

Dec 97 14 __ 

EA. sales 6*53 PH's, sates U*1 
PH’s open int 040* up ts 


37400 b^renpff B. 

Mpr 97 12940 T23XJ 129X5 +i25 22,155 

MOV 97 12650 13000 125X5 +5A 3,17? 

JUt 97 moo TNUS 12100 +5J0 Xl« 

Sw»77 11950 11675 11950 +6*5 ZM 

EstMK 11*0 RTlSrfes 6*0 
RTSopenM 0,90 up 5« 

l turn ow^ Mi ear n. 

Mur 97 110 1034 1035 —0.17 0471 

Mov 97 HUI HO HA -0.13 3X5*4 

AllW ML54 KI43 MA4 -802 1670 

Od97 1155 110 U0 -111 HXM 

EW.*CteS 25X74 Frf6atoes W80 
RTsocwiK 150*35 Off 423 


. t35ro3»of 108 ptl 

111-18 110-27 110X9 —003 MX2I3 

£30800 -pte 

Mffi77 111 .. 

MI 11M9 TIM* 11842 -M3 


UOCA 3724 

Joc07 0692 9673 IMl 183433 

Sep97 9685 96A3 9683 UadL 140X61 

DctS7 9669 96*6 9647 UndL 135825 

MW9B 96S 9649 9650 Lira*. 10t9H> 

j unto 9630 9626 9627 UwfL S&466 

S«p9« 96M 9601 9602 +082 040* 

D^B 9575 9572 9573 +Sl 68766 

Mart? 950 954* 9547 + OUI 41,131 

W9 95X4 9521 95X1 +101 23815 

Sapto *458 9695 9696 ♦ 082 16^02 

D0C99 9*71 9669 9670 + 082 6419 

M«« 940 9*0 *64* +08) 79 

Jraog MT. N.T. 9*21 +081 121 

5^00 M.T, lit. 9X97 +881 • 0 

Daeoo 9178 9370 9373 + 087 0 

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JUP97 9X40 
Sap97 9X17 
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Jaato 9iM 

Septo 927* 9U9 V2A9-UI 

DOM 9270 9244 9244 +101 

f*a9> 7243 9156 7158 +WB 

Jun99 7259 7242 *242 , 082 

SOP99 7241 9345 924* +08? 

Wf 920 9Z0 9241 +10) 2JU0 

^.utete 34X51 Prey, rates; 563*9 
Pwt.opaaM* 0U77 up *i 


PF5 mHon - pt* of l oo pet 

V2S S^S 2 K -“ +«Jn 77, n* 

Jan 97 MA* 9SA4 9685 +081 4&5fiG 

Sep 97 MJU MSI 9182 +OB1 ZL7M 

DOC 97 M76 9672 9674 +082 

Morn M44 mao ma 2 +ote SaSr 

Junto 9M7 9642 +082 12£» 

Sqi 98 M24 912D M22 +XM 10^9 

Dec 95 9S57 95.95 95M +W % 

M0T99 9SAB 9SA5 95A8 +083 lt^O 

Jun 99 9SA2 KM 9542 +085 Si* 

S« to 95.14 95.11 95.14 +083 

Dec 99 9687 9687 9*57 +083 

uoiune 2471 Z Open tot* 25BA73 up 


1MW mm teX U O r m m btu 

Fab W 1188 2 SK 18*0 -197 

tote-97 2800 2480 2770 —89 

APT97 24*0 2430 2445 —H 

mtlf] X2B0 2150 2X00 .,!« 

JU»1 97 2JB 1130 2195 -6 

J«W 2175 2135 2175 

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0(397 2155 2140 2.155 -10 

Nte»7 225# 2210 2235 -25 

0*97 2X0 2315 2335 -32 

Egsafes NA FfTte-ertM 45X66 
RTsopanM 1*140 UP 13*5 


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97 UA5 0.13 0 X 3 —08* 

Mar 77 4040 040 043 -00 

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Mpy97 00 6180 68A3 -072 

A mV *650 080 6758 -073 

A897 *640 (680 (US -072 

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Feb 97 213L25 20850 
AJor 97 20525 20225 
Apt 97 19775 19540 
MOT97 J9140 18940 
JuPW 18740 18640 
JUI9T H.T. N.T. 
Aua97 N.T. N.T. 
Sef«97 N.T. HT. 
0097 H.T. N.T. 
No* 97 N.T. N.T. 

mfl? M - T ‘ 184Ji0 


U5. defers per borref- 
Mcr97 2291 22X9 
Ai*97 -OM 2154 
May 97 2280 2145 
JU*97 2180 21.15 
Mr?7 21.13 2084 
2041 2047 
7030 10,17 
19.97 1980 
1945 1943 
19X8 19X8 
Eat sates 3X500. 

Aug 97 


Nov 97 

Feb 98 

22*50-073 25883 
203X5 — 480 iai04 
J2fS~240 0442 

H=ig fs 

T gX5 —1.75 645 

18580—1.75 18M4 
18475 -175 57* 

-175 2.983 

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MsofltoObtereb , 
ZLS8 +004 70817 
22.16 +0.04 23.136 
217B +080 13X99 
21J8 +003 17M6 
20.99 +004 
2083 +086 
2029 +007 
19X8 +088 
1970 +088 
1944 +088 

Open ML; 154X04 off 

Stock Indexes 

SVCDMff. DfOGC {awgn 


Sfn TofS JSS —5-15*57^39 

™J0 7B80 717 JO — 0J0 J.152 

r2.« 25 Of* 77780 ijfi 

fee 97 807 JO 80180 80780 +Vjn In 

Est Oates NA RTxbS 0-3* 

fwsiwnw wfcitf up » 


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Prev-opaalnu 162420 up 1.1*2 

Mar 971X80 13044 13048 +0JJ012&23T 
Jun 97 129X4 129.10 12988 +OM 1M&7 
Sep 97 12740 127 A) 127X8 +00(1 <75 


*»*97 131^^31 J* +<L!6108A« 

•fe97 131X0 13180 13976 + 089 1187 


rmn tetepra teaneoper. 

Fab 97 96420 96CQ 964» 040* 

Hors MM Man 96380 3HLS0B 

Apr 97 9UW 1876 

Am 77 96100 96190 96190 3*6627 


cm !tT HT «nl _ 

Mw97 9WS 93AT ftAI —081 AM EAKtes HtSI* Pn*. ' 

Ju«7 9482 9199 9JX9 -081 *&2X Pra.^S 


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S «S97 9*34 9639 9429 -001 39807 

0*07 9653 9482 9644 (ML 2L5U 

■tato 9*52 MA* 964* — B81 1384B ■ 

Junto 960 9444 9644 UadL 4049 

OH 70* , 

Est sates; 2M*S. Prav. rales 28877 

Pru*bE BlAtS up 99*. 


MAH tefc- sorts nor lb. 

Mcv-97 7428 7380 718* -424 23X2* 

May 97 7544 7130 • 7X33 -821 158» 

MV HAS 7440 7643 -LIS 780 

OB97 7*S — U5 1XX 

fee 97 76J0 76*0 7*40 -8W .tt.15S 

Mffto 77X8 7740 7780 -LOB' 09 

EstaeiM NA nrhadei UU 

RfftePHtM 5*875 W » 

.SJ- 2393J — 1780 432fr 

wifunie: 11 ASL ints <0470 rff 

^"Wniodlty Indexes 


. N A 1 A32AO 

151 iH , ■ 15052 
M84 24148 


fl - :- 




• H 

4* fi 






PAGE 13 

By John Schmid 

Tax Plan Seems to Target Everyone 


_ TSe governing coalition is selling the tax 
^IhMtheraabe ■ -ooSo^“^ t 

com« to eliminating tax breaks. 

«Kj I ^?^^ be P^ c ^ tre w*warfere,as 

many proposed changes wffl be 

C^ancellOT Helmut Kohl, expected 
to use the new tax {dan as die centerpiece of 
“is 1998 re-election campaign, needs the le- 
gslatkm to be finished this year »»*! to' take 
effect In . January 1999. - . . 

“It will be extremely difficult to close the 
loopholes,” said Gemot Nerb, senior econ- 


omist for Salomoo Brothers Inc. in Frankfurt. 

Mr. WaigeJ came tinder pressure for wa- 
tering down details of the plan even before it 
bad been completed. Leaders of die top party 
in the governing coadrion. fearing chat Mr. 
Waigel would not deliver meaningful tax re- 
lief for the hard-earned marks oftbeir con- 
stituents, called over the weekend for bis 
resi gnation 

“Our chief task must be to fight unem- 
ployment,” said Christian Wnlff, die Chris- 
tian Democratic leader in Lower Saxony who 
has led die call for Mr. Waigel to leave, “and 

for that we need tax cuts so that our European 
competitors do not steal business from us.” 
Grumbling about taxes has been a national 
pastime since unification in 1990 {Hilled rates 
painfully higher. The top bracket stands at 53 
percent of gross salary for anyone earning 
more than 120,000 Deutsche marks C$74,830) 
a year. The top rale in Britain is 40 percent, 
and in the United Stales it is 33 percent. 

Mr. Waigel’s panel aims to reduce the top 
rate to 39 percent At the bottom end of the 
scale, the government aims to move die low- 
est bracket to no more than 20 percent from its 
current 25.9 percent. 

But, like the debate on monetary union, tax 
revision runs the risk of focusing on the 
disadvantages while overshadowing a raft of 
economic benefits, said Gerhard Grebe, an 
economist at Bank Julius Baer in Frankfurt 
Prospects for consensus are not promising. 
The government began the year bickering over 
the unpopular “solidarity” surcharge, a 7.5 
percent levy on rocome tax intended to pay for 
die reconstruction of Eastern Germany. 

The Free Democrats, die junior coalition 

partners, insist thal the surcharge be elim- 
inated by 2000 and have threatened to topple 
the government to pet their way. The Chris- 
tian Democrats insist the surcharge be kept 
into the next century and are standing firm. 

Prime ministers of East German states, 
which have the most to lose from scrapping die 
solidarity tax, are pushing to keep it fix’ 10 to 15 
years. Most now expect it to linger until 2004 or 
2005. In any event, the realization is dawning 
that the 16 authorities on Mr. Waigel’s com- 
mission are powerless to take action on the 
surcharge, die most disliked tax of all. 

Opposition already is out in the open on 
proposals to raise taxes on government re- 
tirement checks for pensioners with addi- 
tional sources of income. 

If the government tries to close tax breaks 
mi unemployment checks , unions are expected 
to resist Unions will act against higher taxes 
on overtime wages for Sunday and night work, 
if proposed, bankers can be expected to try to 
fend off any tax on gains from stock-market 
profits, and insurers will fight to defend tax 
breaks on life-insurance policies. 

Says CEO 
Is Leaving 

Bloomberg New 

STOCKHOLM — Pharma- 
cia & Upjohn Inc.’s top ex- 
ecutive resigned Monday, less 
than two years after orchestrat- 
ing the creation of the Swedish- 

John L. Zabnskic, 57, resigned 
at a board meeting Monday “to 
return to the UJS. to pursue other 
interests,” the company sa id . 
The resignation was effective im- 

Despite Fire, Eurotunnel Revenue Soars 62% 


FOLKESTONE, England — 
Eurotunnel, the Channel tunnel op- 
erator. said Monday its 1996 rev- 
enue soared 62percent, to £450 mil- 
lion ($750 million), despite a fire 
that curtailed business at the end of 
the year. The figure was higher than 

Hie debt-ridden company said, 
however, that full service in the tun- 
nel would not resume until June, 
later than initially announced. It 
postponed an April shareholders 
meeting aimed at approving a debt 
restructuring and said it would ask 

banks to extend a 16-month freeze 
on interest payments. 

Eurotunnel units in Paris rose 45 
centimes to 730 francs ($135). 
their highest since Dec. 5. Units 
traded in Loudon rose 4 pence to 80 
jxaic^($133), the highest since 

The company set a target of the 
eod of this year for bringing “activ- 
ity” and market share back to where 
they were before the Nov. 18 fire, an 
indication that it may not be able to 
raise revenue as quickly as planned. 
Rebuilding work on die burned part 
of die tunnel began Monday. 

Analysts said the delays might 
affect a preliminary accord reached 
with hanks in October to restructure 
more than half of its 69.6 billion 
francs in debt The accord needs 
approval from both banks and share- 

“If Eurotunnel were confident, 
they wouldn't be moving back the 
day of reckoning with the extraordin- 
ary general meeting,” said Matthew 
O’Keefe, an analyst with UBS Se- 
curities in London. “The banks are 
not charities. We shall see whether 

icing plans.’ 

Analysts said lower-than-ex" 
peered sales and merger-related 
difficulties may have led to Mr. 
Zabriskie’s decision. The com- 
pany said Mr. Zabiiskiehadnot 
resigned because of any prob- 
lems at Pharmacia. 

“We had disappointing third- 
quarter results, but it should not 
be read that there is something 
wrong with the fourth-quarter 
results,” Hakan Astrom, a se- 
nior vice president, said. “You 
should not try to look for single 
events” that may have promp- 
ted the resignation, he said. 

Pharmacia & Upjohn was 
framed through a stock-swap 
merger in November 1995. 

Publicis to Buy Singapore’s Eureka Advertising 

By Daniel Tilles 

• ' Spend to ihe Harold Tribune 

PARIS — Groape Publicis SA is 
expected to announce Tuesday that 
it has purchased a controlling equity 
stake in Eureka Advertising, a 
Singapore-based' agency. 

This would be the advertising and 
comnmnic atioos company’s first 
tony into the Asian market since it 
lacdcbed a global expansion strategy 

Trae^lorth^ Communicalio^S^, 

nearly a year ago. Publicis also is 
expected to purchase a larger Asian 
agency, Basic Advertising of the 
Philippines, this week. 

. True North, apublicly traded com- 
pany based in Chicago, is the holding 
company for Foote, Cone & Bekting, 
an ad agency that, despite the ending 
of its alliance with Publicis last year, 
continues to serve many Publicis cli- 
ents, including Nestle SA and 
L’OreaL, in Asia and other markets 
outride Europe- Publicis and True 
North dissolved their agreement last 

year after die agencies clashed over 
Tnanagmimt of the joint venture and 
policies on acquisitions, bnt they con- 
tinue to cooperate in certain areas. 

The purchase of the 60 percent 
stake in Eureka — an agency with 
$30 million in annual billings from 
clients including Shell Cos. in 
Singapore and Fuji Xerox (Singa- 
pore) Pte. — is another important 
step for Publicis as it struggles to 
reduce its reliance on True North for 
serving its multinational accounts. 
Publicis’ expansion has been en- 



39 JO 

7W TO 
525 507 

855 Ml 
7 JO 6-90 



1 7 JO 




12 4 


























1 M 




24 5 




































Eurotunnel’s co-chairman, 
Patrick Ponsolle, said that, on the 
basis of his *»ll« with the main 
group of lenders, he saw “no need to 
adjust die substance of the restruc- 
turing plan.” 

Mr. Ponsolle added that a “de- 
cisive factor” in w inning approval 
from both banks and shareholders 
was winning an extension to Euro- 
tunnel’s 65-year lease on operating 
the tunnel. 

The company is pushing, largely 
at shareholders’ insistence, for an 
extension of as long as 999 years. 

(Bloomberg, AFP) 

couraged by clients such as Nestle, 
which have told the agency that their 
business will in most cases be trans- 
ferred from Foote, Cone & Belding 
as soon as Publicis is able to set up 
operations in new markets. 

Under its agreement with True 
North, Publicis was prevented from 
opening offices in Asia and the 
Americas, which were defined as 
True North's territory, and True 
North was forbidden from opening 
its own network in Europe, which 
was considered Publicis' domain. 

| ftgjfcfe 

Source: Taiekurs 

Very briefly; 

• Deutsche Babcock AG's chief executive, Heyo 
Schmiedeknecbt, is leaving now that a restructuring is over. 

• Thyssen Industrie AG’s profit fell 38 percent last year, to 65 
milli on DM, prompting a shift in focus to auto pans and factory 
equipment, from shipbuilding and warehouse equipment 

• Grundig AG’s chief executive, Pieier van der Wal, will step 
down in about eight weeks, after a “new concept” for ihe 
money-losing electronics company is presented. 

• Thorn PLC’s shares fell 17 percent after the British 
consumer goods rental company said the strong British pound 
and sluggish U.S. sales would restrain fiscal 1997 profit 

• Electririte de France and Gaz de France called a 24-hour 
strike for Wednesday to protest government plans to cut the 
work week as a way to prevent job cuts. 

• Roche Holding AG won exclusive European marketing 

rights to Vtracept, an anti-HIV drug developed by Agouron 
Pharmaceuticals Inc. of the United Stales and Japan To- 
bacco Inc. Bloomberg. Reuters 

Telekom Sales Rise 6% 


BONN — Deutsche Telekom AG, under pressure to make a 
statement about its 1996 performance, said Monday that sales 
rose 6 percent and that earnings were above expectations. 

The company said that sales rose to more than 63 billion 
Deutsche marks ($39.29 billion), that it would pay an annual 
dividend of 60 pfennig per share, as expected, and that it had 
cut its debt by 10 billion DM, to about 82 billion DM. 

“All in all, the expectations of the board have been more 
than fulfilled,” said Ron Sommer, the company chairman. 

Shares in the company, which were issued at 28.50 DM on 
Nov. 18, rose 44 pfennig on Monday, to 31 36 DM. 


yew to date 
% change 

Tlie Trib Index 

Jan. t. 18SC- 100. Laval Change % change year to date 

%cn*n 0 t 

World Index 151.05 -0.68 -0.45 +14.54 

Regional Maxes 

Asra/Padfic 115.13 -2.09 -1.7B -14-25 

Europe 160.61 -0.81 -0.50 +15.40 

N America 172.23 +0.46 +0.27 +34.26 

S. America 129.43 +0.64 +0.50 +45.36 

Industrial todsxas 

Capital goods 178.82 +1.29 +0.73 +34.57 

Consumer goods 164.03 -1-22 -0.74 +18.80 

Energy 176.63 -0-13 -0.07 +3024 

Finance 111.95 -1.29 -1.14 -12.01 1 

Miscellaneous 168.57 +2-04 +123 +24.12 , 

Raw Materials 178.51 -1.85 -1.03 +25.89 

Service 139.65 -0.80 -0.43 +1637 

Uffires 146.83 -023 -0.16 +15.49 

The International Herald Tribune world Stock Index G tracks the U.S. doaar values of 
2B0 kUBmadonally xtvestable stocks tram 25 cotfUriK. For more nfoonatton. e tree 
booklet is avokeble by wrihng to The Trib Index. 181 Avenue Chariot de GauBo. 

02521 Notary Codex. France. Compiled by Bloomberg Nemo. 


Monday's 4 p.m. Close 

Naftfwride prices, not r«ftec8rig late trades eteewhe's. 
The Associated Press. 

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By Andrew Pollack 
New YorkTbnci Servirf, ■ . 

er Mobile Phones Capture Japan’s Ear 

m Way, she did not bote 

is using the so-caBed 

JJtnimoo users since it was first offered 18 
nwojhs ago. Many of these customers are 

yOUOE DOOnle wlVMVPuiniwIii nn.U 1 

a mobile phone. 

«?2?,3 uidk ^ wlfa ' 1 88 *®U'w deregulation 
““ felling pnees on conventional cellular 
phones. has turned Japan almost overnight 
rnto one of fte world's fastest-growing max- 
keg for mobile telephones, wdthmorethnn j 
nuiJion subsenbers signing up each month. 

Just three years ago. the low use of mobile 
phones m Japan was often cited as an ex- 
ample of the way excessive regulation and 
fegh pnees were holding back Japan's ad- 
vance into the information age. Only V5 

ooe-ihird the rate in the United States. 

But by the end of October 1996, 164 
percent of the Japanese population had a mo- 

jjk pbooe, bdfieved to be 
me mgtest proportion in 
the world outside Scand- 
inavia, While growfo is 
pooyant, however, profit 
baa been virtually nonex- 
istent for providers of rao- 
bde-teJepnoae service, 
which are accumulating 
huge debts building their 
networks and subsidizing 
sales of the phones at low 
paces. Some industry ex- 
ecutives expect a brutal 

The increasing use of 
mobile ’ telecommunica- 
tions has become a driving 
force in Japan's economy. 

Capital investment by foe 
mobile-telephoae industry 
in the current fiscal year, 
winch ends March 31, is 
expected to exceed $15 billion — more foam is 
planned by either the chemical, automobile or 
steel mdnsiries. 

The Personal Handyphone System has 
begun to be adopted in other countries as 
well. The service is expected to begin this 
year in Thailand. foflowed perhaps by Aus- 

Japan Unplugged 

Number ofmobfie phono 
subserbers In Japan, in 
March otaach year. 

Sotaox Japan UBniattyoi Posts and 

TmIii«iibii ■ ■ Mill >*■ m 

I rwgrftnrni Bifcwpnffli 

tralia, Hong Kong and In- 
donesia. China also has 
agreed 10 set aside fre- 
quencies for the service. 

Nippon Telegraph & 
Telephone Corp. deployed 
the world's first cell alar - 
phone system in 1979. but 
prices were high. As re- 
cently as three years ago, it 
cost about $450 to sign up 
for cellular service, plus 
$130 a month as a sub- 
scription fee and the 
charges for the calls them- 
selves. The government 
required customers to rent 
their phones from the ser- 
vice provider for about 
$600 a year. The turnabout 
in the market started in 
April 1994, when Tokyo 
moved to deregulate the 
mobile-phone industry, allowing customers 
to buy their own phones and permitting two 
digital cellular-service providers to compete 
with tbe two existing phone companies that 
provided conventional analog service. 

The introduction of Personal Handyphone 
System service in mkM 995 further mtensified 




10 * 


-0 Jill 


< 88-88 80 82 84 80 Oct* 


the competition. Three companies now offer it 
in Japan, among which the leader, wife about 
half foe market, is DDI Corp. Tbe others are 
NTT and AsleJ Group, a company backed by 
155 corporations, including Mitsubishi Corp., 
Mitsui & Co. and Toyota Motor Corp. 

But the new service did not seem to harm 
sales of regular cellular phones; rather, it 
apparently gave them a huge boost, as many 
people attracted by foe publicity surrounding 

foe sbcatccanings of tbe Personal Handyphone 
System — the phones cannot be used in 
vehicles traveling at high speeds and tend to 
be restricted to densely populated areas be- 
cause the system requires many more an- 
tennas than a conventional cellular system. 

But the twin threats of competition and 
deregulation did prompt cellular providers to 
cut their own prices sharply. 

The sign-up fee for cellular phones fell to 
about $60 last year, and some companies 
eliminated ft near the end of the year. 

At present, the sign-up fee for Personal 
Handyphone System service is about S62, and 
monthly fees average about 523. Local calls 
cost about 34 cents for three minutes, much 
less than foe average of $130 for a cellular- 
phone call and not much more than the typical 
charge of 26 cents for a pay phone. 

Investor's Asia 

HorigKong . 

Hang Seng : SHMslRttm , 

■ 15000—* — 2300 /22Q0Q— 

14000 , 2240 -W-21000 

13000 ; jW^-- 20000 

12000— ■■ 2120 VV-W "'19000 

liooor^ 2060 W '18000 1 

OT A'8WD J .. 2000 A S ON'irr ^'JTFo’n'dT 


1997 1998 

' 'tote' 

Hong Kong - HangSwig' 






: Tokyo •' * 

^^kef 22S. v 

f ■; IJH&m VS&&5&: 


■/SET' -;«4w» -v . sasLspr 

Seotti > 

•> ' . CeariaBtelnciiK' 

TaSpel. . 

■ Stock MsiMtodwTimaz' 7,154^ 

..-psE:- ' , ' - v 

Jalcsrte , 


N2S&40 ' ■ ■: > ^44025* ; .^9^ 

Boeib® f " 

/Senm^glex . 3fli 

Source: Tetekurs htonaional Hcnld Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Malaysia High-Tech Plan 
Seems to Get Lift in US. 

U.S. Presses Asia for ‘Open Skies 5 

Talks Begin, hut Some Countries Say Airlines Are Not Ready 

Campied by Oia-Juff From Dhpaxha 

KUALA LUMPUR — Malaysia's 
ambition of becoming a global mul- 
timedia hob appeared to be on track, 
after Prime Minister Mahathir bin 
Mohamad discussed its plans with a 
collection of top information-tech- 
nology industry executives last week, 
analysts said Monday. 

On a visit to Silicon Vafleyin 
California last week, Mr. Mahathir 
sketched a vision of a 25-year plan to 
build a “multimedia sqpittamdor** 
that would stretch south from Kuala 
Lumpur to foe city Y new intema- 
hfmal airport, which is under con- 

The corridor, at a size of 9 miles 
(15 kilometers) by 30 miles, would 
include two new cities and a com- 
puter network designed to exceed 
those in the world’s most advanced 
technology centers. Generous tax 
and financial incentives are to be 
offered to -corporations willing to 
build operations along foe corridor. 

Several Silicon Valley leaders 
said they believed feat in foe eco- 
nomic battles of the future, regions 
such as foe planned Malaysian cor- 

ridor would provide America with 
some of its fiercest competition. 

'‘This will be the new chal- 
lenge,'’ said John Morgridge, chair- 
man of Cisco Systems JhcL, a com- 
puter networking company. 

While American companies for 
years have been malting high-tech- 
nology products in Aria for foe U.S. 
market, Silicon Valley executives are 
growing more interested in oppor- 
tunities to sell m tbe rapidly growing 
legion. To devdop products for these 
markets, many executives say, the 
companies will need to base devel- 
opment staffs closer to tbem. At least 
one US. company. Sun Microsys- 
tems Inc., has already agreed to set iq> 
operations in foe region. 

Mr. Mahathir met Wednesday 
with Microsoft Corp.’s chairman. 
Bill Gates, and cm Thursday wife a 
group of executives including Jim 
Barksdale, president of Netscape 
Com mn n i canons Corp^ Larry EBjs- 
oq, rfwmrain of Orade Corp.; Scott 
AfeNoiy, chairman of Sim Mi- 
andLew Platt, chairman 
t-Packard Co. 

(NYT, Reuters) 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — The United States 

Tuesday in Washington on what U3. 
officials hope win be the first of a 
series of “open skies” agreements 
aimed at relaxing restrictions on air- 
line traffic between die United States 
and Aria, the world’s fastest-growing 
aviation market. 

Washington has scheduled sim- 
ilar negotiations with Malaysia, 
Taiwan and Brunei by March, of- 
ficial S " a id , and may co mme nce 
talks with South Korea and New 
Zealand later in die year. 

But analysts said Monday that de- 
spite enthusiasm in some Asian and 
Pacific countries for open-skies 
agreements, others — including Ja- 
pan, r*hina ; Thailan d, Australia and 
Vietnam — had strong reservations 
about the prospect, feanng large U.S. 
airlines would end up dominating the 
major routes across tbe Pacific. 

Singapore said Monday it was 
ready to conclude an agreement with 
foe United States under which both 

countries’ airlines would be allowed 
to fry whichever routes they chose 
between Singapore and foe United 
States without foe restrictions on 
feres and frequency of service that foe 
current system of bilateral agree- 
ments imposes. 

Federico Pena, foe departing U.S. 
transportation secretary, said foe 
start of formal negotiations with 
Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan and 
Brunei represented “an important 
and concrete step toward our goal of 
making greater service and enhanced 
competition a reality over foe Pacific 
just as it has become in Europe,” 
where the United States has open- 
skies agreements with 12 countries. 

A draft open-skies pact sent by 
Washington to Asian states calls far 
removal of restrictions on passenger 
and cargo frights and routes — in- 
cluding those flying beyond the 
countries concerned — as well as on 
charter arrangements, feres and code- 
sharing agreements. Code-sharing is 

a cooperative marketing arrangement 

between airlines that allows one to 
sell tickets for foe other’s Sights, 
usually on routes it does not fly. 

Some countries, however, are not 
for such liberalization, 
countries that want to retain 
restrictions believe that without 
them, they would be overwhelmed," 
said Colin Gibson, publisher of 
Asian Aviation magazine. "The 
U.S. has an enormous reservoir of 
passengers that it can feed into U.S. 
camera- No Asia-Pacific country can 
presently match that passenger base 
or the power of foe U.S. airtmes." 

He said countries that were will- 
ing to negotiate open-skies agree- 
ments with the United States gen- 
erally had either competitive 
airlines or governments that stressed 
tourism, business travel and air- 
freight efficiency rather than pro- 
tection of local earners. 

U.S. officials say they hope that 
reaching open-skies accords with 
some Asian countries will put pres- 
sure on others to follow suit 

Mark Erchick, U-S. deputy as- 
sistant secretary of transportation, 
said the initial indications were that 
open-skies agreements between the 
United States and European coun- 
tries had benefited both rides. 

• Abbey National PLC of Britain plans to buy a 5 
stake in Dah Sing Financial Holdings Ltd. to try to ( 
a foothold in Asia. Abbey National said it would pay 381 
million Hong Kong dollars C$493 million), or 3 1 .68 dollars a 
share, to buy srakes of 4 percent from Mitsui Bank Ltd. and 
1 percent from Dah Sing's chairman, David Wong; Dah 
Sing’s shares dosed unchanged at 36.40. 

• Indonesia gave Canada’s Bre-X Minerals Ltd. and Barricfc 
Gold Corp. one month to reach an agreement with local 
partners on how todi vide up foe Busang gold field, according to 
a letter sent to the companies Friday. If the deadline is not met, 
the government will assume the right to manage the find. 

• Toyota Motor Corp.’s exports plunged 17 percent in Decem- 
ber from a year earlier, to 87,445 units, while Nissan Motor 
Co.'s exports rose 7 percent, to 52,680. 

• Shanghai Volkswagen, a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG, 
plans to produce 230,000 Santana sedan cars in 1997 and 
expects sales of 35 billion yuan ($4.2 billion). 

• China sent 6 million officials and interviewers out to 
canvass an estimated 230 million rural households to try to 
gauge foe impact of nearly two decades of economic reforms 
on the country's agricultural sector, afp. afx. Bloomberg. Sauers 

Sony Sees Shortage of PlayStations 

by Our Sspff t*nm DapascSa 

TOKYO — Sony Computer Entertainment Inc., a unit of 
Sony Corp., said Monday its PlayStation game machine was 
selling out in Japan and said supplies also were dwindling 
rapidly in foe United States and Europe, 

The surge in demand for foe PlayStation appears to demon- 
strate that Sony has succeeded in its goal of luring game makers 
away from Nintendo Co. and Sega Enterprises Ltd. by offering 
higher royalties and buying more games m advance. 

The company said it planned to start producing the game 

players in Mexico this year. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 

CCF’s Woes 

Continued from Page 11 

the most recent of a series of 
confrontations that have 
fitted the government ofPres- 
bident Jacques Chirac and 
1 Prime Monster Alain Juppe 
since France began tzyiug to 
trim its budget deficit a year 
and a half ago to try to qualify 
for foe future European single 
currency. It reaches bade to a 
long tradition — beginning 
with the French Revolution of 
1789 — of expressing objec- 
tions in highly public and dis- 
ruptive ways. Part of foe rea- 
son foe tactic is so common 
here is that it is effective. 

Id nearly every recent case, 
foe govaument has backed 
down. The rail strikers kept 
their special retirement at ape 
50, the truckers lowered foots 
to 55. Because retiremcatt is fin- 
anced largely by taxpayer dol- 
lars here, those were expenrive 

concessions. Farther 

could come Friday, when uni- 
ons have called far a nation - 
wide strike to lower the retire- 

mentage for all workers to 55. 

Tbe bank’s grim economic 
reality is not. r e tire m en t but 
~ bs. With foe virtual collapse 
'the Paris real-estate market , 
plus same unwise diversific- 
ations, Credit Fqnckr began 
Weeding money, losing $22 
biUion m 1995. The govem- 
ment has proposed spouting off 

most of its toms andbusioesses 
to another government entity; 
in foe process, as mauyras 800 
of Crera Fourier's 3300 em- 
ployees coaid lose their jobs. 

The protesters contend that 
since Credit Foncier made a 
small profit in 1996, foe in- 
stitution can survive i ntact . 
Like many Poach compa- 
nies, especially those wife 
government ties, this oite em- 

mothers and sons, and 
ugfaters. With a 
banker's eye to foe bottom 
line, foe str&ersaisoae mak- 
ing sure foe bank s 140 
b ra nc he s around France re- 
aum open daring foe occu- 

By one estimare, »t wama 
rost $900 million & yen » 
prop up an intact Credit ron- 
rier, which was founded m 

l ■ 

negotiated wife 

amoves for foe 
bur hours S«- 
Bttl e progress, 
reiterated that 
canoor function 



wife fee strikers Tuesday. 

Brown .Brothers Harriman & Co. 


Bueinesa EstobSefaad IBIS 



smnarafT of conranor*. decsmbbt ai, 1996 


Cash and Due from Banks, $ 145,861 ,873 

US. Govarimant Securities 

Direct and Guaranteed 151 .570,227 

State and Munidpaf Sftcuritiar. - 83,328,521 

Federal Raids Said : 190.934.303 

Loans and LSscounca. 867, 697 ,667 

Tracing Assam...... 138,872,455 

Customers’ UabSty on Acceptances 17.355,704 

Interest; and Ckher Becwvoblas — . — . 65,434.825 

Premises and Equpmant, Net 46,835,585 

Otter Assets 12,487,4^ 

$1 ,639.838.583 


Deposits... $1,266,389,218 

Federal Funds Purchased and Securities 

Sold Under Agreement to Repurchase - 

Thadng l j aHfi tw s ...... — 

Acceptances: Less Amount in PartfbEo — 

Accrued Expenses - 

Otter LSabfflties - 

Cental — « 57.000,000 

Surplus - 119.000,000 








Peter B. Bar tiatt 

Brian A. Berris 

Water H. Broun 
Douglas A. Donahue, Jr. 
Anthony T. coders 
Alexander T. ErcMertz 

T M. Farley 
BbrWge T. Gerry, Jr. 

Robert R. Gould 
Kyosute Hashknoto 

UMTH) rartnbb 

j. Eugene Banks 
WBfem R. Driver, . Jr. 

Ferdinand CtAredoMansfaid 

Noah T Herndon 
Landon t-fifard 
Bedford W. Kk*z 
Mchael Kreynak. Jr. 

T. Mtehad Long 
Hamptnn S. Lynch, Jr. 
Mchas) W McComel 
Wffiam H. Moore H 
Donald B. Murphy 
John A. NMsen 

t.T Gary 
John C. Henson 
Frank W.Hoch 

Eugene CL Ranis 

A 1 bat on Robertsop 
Jeffrey A. Scboenfeiri 
Stoktey P. Towtes 
Lawrence CL Ticker 
Maarten van Hengel 
Douglas C. Waflcer 
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PAGE 18 

World Roundup 



ur ^ 1 b 


-y i *■ 


In Australian Scorcher, 
Sampras Just Survives 

Ivanisevic and Muster Advance 

Tirvm SimwofApaoc firucc-fta*c 

South African batsman Adam 
Bacber being bowled out. 

Saved by the Rain 

cricket The third and final test 
between South Africa and India 
ended in a draw Monday in Jo- 
hannesburg. South Africa had 
already won the series, 2-0. 

Daryll Cullman finished at 122 
not out from 194 balls with 15 fours 
and a six in South Africa's second 
innings. His century, and a rain in- 
terruption. saved his team after it 
was on the verge of defeat, needing 
356 to win. (Reuters) 

Falcons Hire Reeves 

football Dan Reeves, the win- 
ningest active coach in the NFL. 
was hired Monday by the Atlanta 
Falcons as coach and head of foot- 
ball operations. Reeves, who was 
fired by the New York Giants at the 
end of the season, succeeds June 
Jones. (AP) 

Annual Pensions Granted 

baseball Major league owners 
will give annual pensions to two 
dozen players who were veterans of 
the Negro Leagues, professional 
leagues for black players before 
baseball was racially integrated, 
and who did not play in the majors 
long enough to qualify for a pen- 
sion. The pensions range from 
$7,500 to $10,000. 

Baseball’s executive council is 
also considering pensions for play- 
ers who retired before 1947, when 
the pension plan began. (AP) 

For the Record 

• Barcelona's Brazilian striker 

Ronaldo was named FIFA’s World 
Player of the Year on Monday. 
Ronaldo won over Newcastle’s 
Alan Shearer and AC Milan's 
George Weah. (Reuters) 

• Mexico defeated the United 

Stales, 2-0. in a U.S. Cup soccer 
match in Pasadena. California, and 
Denmark defeated Peru. 2-1. Mex- 
ico is 2-0 and the United States is 0- 
2 in the round-robin exhibition 
tournament. Denmark and Peru are 
both 1-1. (AP) 

• South defeated North. 26-13. at 
the Hula Bowl in Honolulu. Andy 
Russ, the Mississippi Stale punter, 
kicked four field goals and was 
named most valuable player in the 
college football All-Star game.f AP) 

By Robin Finn 

New York Ti mes Service 

MELBOURNE — Pete Sampras, 
playing his match in the Australian 
Open's round of 16 in an inhumane 
cauldron of heat, was pushed to the 
brink of extinction Monday by 19-year- 
old Dominik Hrtoaty. Sampras just 
barely survived. 

The Slovak teenager had never 
played in a Grand Slam tournament be- 
fore, and this was his fust meeting with 
Sampras, who has eight Grand Slam 
titles and seemed destined to collect a 
ninth here. But for five sets on a searing 
130-degree court, Hrbaty displayed a 
soaring forehand and no nerves. 

He also showed enough disrespect for 
Sampras' reputation to make viewers 
think he might be able to further ravage 
this tournament by upsetting its remain- 
ing top-seeded player, less than 24 hours 
after Steffi Graf was eliminated. 

Somehow, Sampras scrambled out 
from under a 3-1 deficit in the fifth set. 
getting into and out of trouble in every 
service game, and crept into the 
quarterfinals courtesy of a (ess than tri- 
umphant 6-7 (.4-7), 6-3, 6-4, 3-6. 6-4 

The 76tb-ranked Hrbaty out-aced 
Sampras, 20-17. but his penchant for 
double faulting at inopportune moments 
gave Sampras critical breathing room. 
A double fault at break point in the 
eighth game of the final set made it 4-4. 
and Hrbaty 's 15th and last double fault 
of the match leveled the final game at 
30-30. Sampras seized the next two 
points and the victory. 

On Sunday, when the courts were so 
hot that the players feared they would 
set their sneakers on fire, the upset syn- 
drome engulfed even the top-seeded 

Monday was even hotter, so the tour- 

nament took the negligible precaution 
of training electric fans on the players’ 
changeover chairs, creating an addition- 
al blast of hot air to complement the 
already blisteringly hot breeze. But the 
show went on in the bright sunshine, and 
Sampras, whose match took 2 hours 53 
min utes, was not the only prominent 
player to suffer through a long, hot 

Goran Ivanisevic, seeded third and 
anxious to end his tenure as the most 
dangerous player never to win a Grand 
Slam, had his short fuse tested for five 
long sets by 56th-ranked Christian Ruud 
of Norway. 

Ivanisevic trashed his racquet after it 
failed him in the third-set's tiebreaker, 
leaving him down two sets to one. but he 
regrouped for a 4-6, 6-2, 6-7 (7-9). 6-3, 
6-3 comeback in which he huffed 38 
aces at the baseline- bound Ruud. After 
staggering out of the three-hour match 
and into his third quarterfinals here, 
Ivanisevic called these conditions the 
most adverse he had ever played under. 

“In the fifth set. you just hope the 
other guy's going to miss,'' he said. 
“Running, you don’t know where you 're 
going. I was just hoping to finish.'' 

The fifth-ranked Thomas Muster 
ended a seven-match losing streak 
against No. 1 1 Jim Courier with a6-2. 3- 
6, 7-6 (7-4), 6-3 victory. The three-hour 
match, which ended at 12-JO A.M., was 
interrupted for more than half an hour 
while die center court lights returned to 
full power after an outage. 

In the third set. Muster was treated for 
a nerve problem in the shoulder and 
back that leaves the fingers numb on his 
hitting hand, foe left But be came back 
strongly, breaking Courier three times 
in the final set 

Aware of the role played by heat pros- 
tration in Amanda Coetzer's 6-2, 7-5 
demolition of a feverish Graf, on Monday 

Ken Inan/Agenrr 

Pete Sampras soaking in the breeze from a Can during a cbangover, but there was little relief from the heat - 

Irina Spirlea and Karina Habsudova first 
asked to have their match postponed, 
then asked for a 10-minute break if the 
match went to a third set 

But tournament officials, citing a lack 
of Grand Slam precedent along with a 
reluctance to alter the rules in mid- 
event. denied their request 
The match never got to a third set 
because the eighth-seeded Spirlea de- 
feated the ninth-seeded Habsudova. 6-4, 
6-4, to reach her first Grand Slam 

The demise of Graf proved the most 
shocking loss yet in a tournament 
already missing both of its defending 
champions, the dethroned Boris Becker 
and the absent Monica Seles. 

Graf had gone into her match suf- 
fering from a fever linked to a painful 
infection in her toe. She eventually 
made 53 unforced errors, for her a sure 
sign of delirium. 

After shaking off a poor opening set 
by taking a 5-2 lead in the second, the 
stubborn 27-year-old German experi- 

enced a rare letdown: She simply ran out 
of resources and could not will her body 
to tackle a third set. 

“I tried everything i could tried as 
hard as I could, bur I just didn’t have the 
energy with the heat,” said Graf, who 
was diagnosed with “heat illness” af z 
terward and was excused from her post-; 
match obligations. air 

Toumament doctors sent a shakra 
Graf back to her hotel suite to rehydrate 
and cool down, and she was confined 
there again Monday. 7 

Motivational Speech Has a Ring to It 

By Richard Justice 

Washington Post Service 

Holmgren, the Green Bay Packers’ 
coach, proudly flashed one of the two 
Super Bowl rings he earned as an as- 
sistant with the San Francisco 49ers. 

“I put it on this morning.” he said. “I 
thought this would be a good time to 
wear iL I usually take it out to show ii to 
the young guys in July and say: ‘This is 
what I’d like for you to have.’ ” 

Several blocks away. Bill Parcells is 
wearing no jewelry. Parcells, the coach 
of the New England Patriots, also has a 
pair of Super Bowl rings, both earned 
during his eight seasons as head coach of 
the New York Giants. But with a chance 
to win a third, he's not showing off 
anything from the first two victories. 

“I purposely left mine at home,' ’ Par- 
cells said. * 'I thought about it this morn- 
ing. There’s a specific reason for that, 
but that’s between me and my team.' ’ 
The wearing of rings is not the only 
difference in style between the two 
coaches, as the Packers and Patriots 
begin preparations for Super Bowl 
XXXI Sunday at the Superdome. 

Parcells was holding a practice on 
Monday, complete with shoulder pads 
and hitting, but then the players were to 

take Tuesday off before returning to 
some hard practices Wednesday. 

Holmgren is taking a completely dif- 
ferent approach. The Packers will be on 
the practice field at least a bit every day. 

For Super Bowl coaches, 
the serious emphasis on 
practice and game plans 
begins Wednesday. 

Bui where Parcells believes in fast, 
short, lough practices, Holmgren usu- 
ally allows his players to train without 
shoulder pads. 

Such are the differences in Super 
Bowl XXXI as the American Football 
Conference tries to break a 12-game 
losing streak. The Packers are two- 
touchdown favorites (o make it 13. 

“When you’ve got the highest scor- 
ing team in the league, have allowed the 
fewest points in the league and have a 
punt returner with five touchdowns,'* 
Parcells said of the Packers, “it's more 
than one thing that impresses you. It’s 
hard to find real weaknesses. I think we 
have to play a complete game because if 
you let down in any one area, they can 
overwhelm you in that area.” 


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Holmgren brushed off the talk of 
point spreads, saying: “I've talked to 
the players about how absurd some of 
those numbers are. We’ve lost games 
we’ve been favored in._ I can point to 
them and so can ffur players. 1 ’.They 
know “why we lost them.” 

No matter what approach each coach 
takes to practice, the early part of the 
week will be more relaxed than when 
the serious emphasis on practice and 
game plans begins Wednesday. 
Holmgren told the Packers “to enjoy 
the journey" and reminded them that 
just getting to the Super Bowl was a 
difficult accomplishment “Now. we 
want to finish what we started.” 
Holmgren asked his two players with 
Super Bowl experience — Jim McMa- 
hon and Don Beebe — to let players 
know what the week would be like. The 
Packers’ LeRoy Butler said McMahon 
gave an obscenity-laced speech that in- 
cluded these no-nos: Bourbon Street 
casino boats, “weird -looking women” 
and tank tops. 

For some, this game is the culmination 
of years of work. Sean Jones, a Flackers 
defensive end, has been to the playoffs in 
11 of his 13 seasons. But until this sea- 
son. he had not been to the Super Bowl. 

He said his former Houston ream- 
mates. including Cris Dishman and 
Bubba McDowell, telephoned this week 
wishing him good luck. 

“You feel tike you ’re playing the game 
for them," Jones said. “It’s like I’m 
carrying the torch for a lot of people.” 

Parcells Is Reported Ready 
To Quit Patriots, Win or Lose 


BOSTON — Win. or lose fhe.Supet ; 
Bowl, Bill Parcells, foe New England 
Patriots’^coach, “will leave the team 
when his contract expires after foe sea- 
son, the Boston Globe reported 

Sources told the newspaper that 
Parcells, who in four years took the 
team from a 2-14 record to the Super 
Bowl, will not return to the Patriots 
because of his deteriorating relation- 
ship with the team’s owner. Bob 

Their roblems include the coach’s 
desire to have full control over the 
team and a dispute over his contract. . 

Neither man could be readied for 
comment Parcells has repeatedly de- 
clined to talk about his future. 

The New York Jets are rumored to 
be interested in signing him, die 
Globe said. 

Before this season, Parcells asked 
to have the final year deleted from his 
five-year contract, and Kraft agreed. - 

But the owneris reported to believe 
that there is language in foe contract, 
which expires Feb. 1 . by which he can 
require Parcells to coach for the 1997 
season for a salary of $1 3 million, the 
newspaper said. 

Kraft may not be willing to let his 
coach go without a fight. 

Robert Fraley, Parcells ’s agent, 
saidrhat he had_beoi on his way to 
NewEnglaqd over the weekend to try 
to resolve the situation but that Kraft' 
had .canceled die . meeting and. in- 
stead. sent him a letter informing him' 
that he would seek compensation 
from any National Football League 
ream that tries to sign Parcells after 
the Super BowL 

Fraley said that there was no con- 
tract provision requiring compensa- 
tion and that his client was free to do 
whatever he wanted in 1997. 

After foe Patriots beat Jacksonville 
in the American Football League 
championship game, Kraft praised 
Parcells as die greatest coach in mod- 
em football history. Parcells, stand- 
ing nearby, appeared touched. 

But he has expressed frustration 
over not having final say on all per- 
sonnel matters, including foe draft. 

Parcells wanted to draft a defensive 
player with foe team’s first pick lhst 
year, but the player personnel direc- 
tor, Bobby Grier, wanted wide re- 
ceiver Teny Glenn from Ohio State. 
Kraft agreed with Grier. 

Glam set a rookie record with 90 
receptions, giving quarterback Drew 
Bledsoe a speedy deep threat and 
playing a key role in the Patriots’ 
success. (Reuters, AP) 




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PAGE 19 

^tarj^and 5 

The Associated Press 
1 Laron Profit's buzzer-beating 3- 
pointer gave Maryland its biggest vic- 
tory this season and left Kan«K all 

" Sunday began wth two undefeated 
pi vision I teams — top-ranked Kansas 
and No. 2 Wake Forest The Jayhawks 
started shakily but rallied defeat Con- 
necticut, 73-65. 

7 Wake Fewest started slowly, re- 
covered, then fell victim to Profit’s 
game- winner in Maryland’s 54-51 vic- 
tory that knocked the Demon D ea c on s 
from the ranks of the' unbeaten. 

* The Terrapins (15-2, 5-1 - Atlantic 
Coast Conference) led by as many as 19 


points in the first half , but that was gobe 
when Wake Forest (13-1; 5-1) started 
fee second half with a 16-0 run. 

% Maryland seemed to take control 
again when a 9-2 run ^ve it a51 -44 lead - 
Snth 222 remaining. But Jeny Braswell 
fiit a 3-pointer, and Tim Duncan hit a 
bank shot and tten two free throws with 

-JP seconds left to tie the score. 

T[. That set the stage few Profit, who is 
31.3 percent from 3 -point range but had 
ftnssed 11 of his first 15 shots from the 
field on Sunday. 

£ ‘'This is what it’s all about, beingin a 
£ig-time game and having the oppor- 
tunity to play big-time opponents and 
big-time players, ’ said Profit, who fin- 
ished with 1 1 points, 
a; Keith Booth drove the baseline, was 
$ut off by Ricky Petal as the dock 
wound down to about four seconds, but 
he kicked the tell out to a wide-open 
Profit, who ended Wake Forest’s 25- 
game winning streak at home. 

S arenas lasikevidus.led Maryland 
with 19 points, while Duncan had his 
23d straight double-double with 26 
points andl3 rebounds. 

The Demon Deacons finished 3-of- 
19 from 3-point range. 

; Mo. 1 Kro«*» 73, Go nn a c ti cu t OS The 

Jayhawks (18-0) trailed by 23-7 seven 
minutes into the game at the Hartford 
Civic Center and didn't have control 
‘ntil a reserve guard, Billy Thomas, 
scored all the points in an 8-2 run dial 
gave them a 65-57 lead with 1 :54 left 
Paul Pierce and Raef LaFreotz each had 
14 points for Kansas, which was 18-of- 

19 from thefree throw line, including 8-.- 
of-8 in the final 53 seconds. 

Rashamel Jones had 21 points for the 
Huskies (1 1-4), whoplayed withouttwo 
starters. Kfcdc King and Ricky Moore. 
They were declared ineligible pending ' 
clarification of an allegation of extra 
benefits received by the two. 

No* 10 UHtivriBa M, No. 23 ItaM 78 

Eric Johnson barely beat the regulation 
buzzer with his fourth 3-panner of die 
game, then made two crucial free throws 
with 23 seconds left in overtime for fee 
Cardinals (15-1), who trailed by as 
many as 15 po ints in the second half. 
Reggie Freeman had 34 points for fee 
Longhorns (9-5), who lost at borne for 
the first time this season. 

- No. i* Xavi«r ee, TMapU m Gary 
Lumpkin, who' missed the final shot of 

1 Atlantic 10). Razeed Brokaaborou^v 
had 15 points for the Owls (&-S, 2-2). 

No. 18 IfieMaan 79, Iowa 71 Louis 
Bullock 19 points, and Brandun 
Hughes added ' 18 for the .Wolverines 
(13-4, 4-2 Big Ten), who led over the 
game’s final 10 minutes. Andre Wool- 
ridge had 25 points for the visiting 
Hawkey es (14-4, 5-1), who had an 
eight - gam e w inning streak snapped and 
had won 13 of 14. 

Cook Takes the Bob Hope 

■ Bob Ch*vnw AiMcialnl 

Raef LaFrentz of Kansas dunking with authority at Connecticut. 

Olajiiwon Puts an End to Bulls’ Streak 

The Associated Press 

Hakeem Olajnwon had 32 points 
and 16 rebounds, and the Rockets 
closed fee final, six minutes wife a' 
19-2 ran to defeat fee Chicago Bulls, 
102-86, in Houston. 

The victory ended Chicago's nine- 
game winning streak and the Rockets* 

four-game losing streak — dating 
from 1994 — against fee Bulls. 
Clyde Drexter started slowly, but 
finished wife 17 points, 11 assists 
and 10 rebounds for Ins 23rd career 

, M, Hut 87 lh Miami, Or- 

lando used balanced scoring, led by 

Penny Hardaway’s 19 points and 51 

percent shooting. Orlando hit nine of 

j7 3-pointers against one of the best 
defensive teams . Nick Anderson and 
Dennis Scott each scored 18 points 
and Gerald WIDrins added 16. 

oriaSM 100, Raptor* 02 In Van- 
couver, British Columbia, Blue Ed- 
wards scored 11 of his 13 points in 
fee fourth quarter. 

Shareef Abdur-Rahim led Van- 
couver with 26 points and eight re- 
bounds as fee Grizzlies snapped an 
eight-game home losing streak. 

Paoen ill, 78ara 107 In Indiana- 
polis, Allen Iverson scored a season- 
high 37 points, but Philadelphia still 
lost its I2fe straight game. 

All five Indiana starters finished in 

double figures. Reggie Miller and 
Rik Smits led fee Pacers wife 20 

apiece, while Derrick McKey had 
17. T „ 

Tran Blazers 102, Jazz 9S In Port- 
land, Oregon, Kenny Anderson 
scored 12 erf his 26 points in fee final 
quarter, including a clutch 3 -pointer 
with 1:19 to play. Arvydas Sabonis 
added 22 points for the Blazers and 
Isaiah Rider had 21. 

CavaOen 107, Cfippara 102 In Los 

Angeles, Chris Mills was the right 
man in the right spot for the Clev- 
eland Cavaliers after Terrell 
Brandon fouled out wife 18 seconds 
left in the first overtime. After miss- 
ing seven consecutive shots. Mills 
hit five in a row during the two extra 
periods. He forced a second overtime 
with a 19-foot jumper, then made a 
pair of 3-pointers. 

The Associated Press 

nia — John Cook, rather 
miserable with his golf ca- 
reer, was thinking last Janu- 
ary about calling it quits as a 
full-time player. 

He didn’t, instead spending 
a quiet couple of days with his 
longtime teacher, Ken Ven- 
turi, a former PGA Tour play- 
er, and rededicating himself 
to the game. It has paid off. 

Cook, playing consecutive 
rounds that equaled the low- 
est ever on the Tour, shot a 9- 
under-par 62 Saturday and a 
63 Sunday to overtake Mark 
Calcavecchia and win his 
second Bob Hope Chrysler 

Cook finished the 90-hole 
tournament at 33-under-par. 
one shot below Calcavec- 

Jesper Pamevik of Sweden 
finished third, with his 62 on 
Sunday leaving him at 28- 
under. Mark O’Meara was 
another shot back in fourth, 
and Tommy Tolies and Don 
Pooley tied for fifth at 24- 

“Twenty birdies in two 
days,” Cook said after the 
Hope victory. "I hope 1 didn’t 
blow my quota for the rest of 
fee year.” 

The victory was the third in 
six months for Cook, who 
came back with a new attitude 
after turning to Venturi last 
March for advice. Before 
that. Cook hadn't won in four 

“I got tired of being a reg- 
ular guy, looking at fee board 
on Friday trying to figure out 
whether I made fee cut,” said 
Cook, who missed six of eight 
cuts to begin 1995. “I was 
just physically and mentally 
beat up.” 

He wouldn't divulge what 
exactly transpired between 
him and Venturi, but did say, 
“It took hitting about five 
balls, a couple of little minor 
things, and after that it was 
more of a head-cleansing pro- 

Suua Stenn/The Aitoaatcd Prctt 

Don Pooley had a hefty palm trunk between his ball 
and the 18th green, but he finished tied for fifth. 

“I watched him hit some 
balls, too,” he added. "I felt 
like I was 14 again and watch- 
ing him play.” 

Cook went on to make 17 
of his next 18 cuts last year, 
including fee two victories. 

Calcavecchia, who led by 
three shots heading into the 
final round and was up by four 
by fee fifth hole, lost despite 
shooting a closing 67. 

"I ran into a buzzsaw." 
Calcavecchia said. “I got 
beat . You can look at a few 
putts I missed here and there, 
and the drive on No. 17 was a 

mistake. But on fee other 
hand, I shot 32-under, and 
feat's about fee best I can 

A drive by Calcavecchia 
that hit a tree and bounded into 

the rough on No. 17 opened 
fee door for Cook, who took 
the lead for good wife a par on 
that hole and sealed the victory 
wife an 8-foot birdie putt on 
the final green. 

Calcavecchia. atop the 
leaderboard for three days, 
took a bogey on 17, his only 
one of fee day, then missed a 
40-foot eagle on the 18th. 


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MO 44 17. RoD— 4 » aovctond71 (West 
14), u» A n g oto i 51 (VoOflW 11). 

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67«b boat Karoos State 7344. 

NHL Standings 









sr. Louis 




W L 
25 15 
23 17 
17 21 
17 20 
16 22 
14 21 






Lm Angeles 



■ LT PI 
25 17 
21 15 
20 22 

19 23 
17 22 
17 28 

W LT Pl» 
27 10 
21 21 

20 21 
17 22 
17 23 
17 23 
16 22 

Pts GF GA 
55 167 136 
51 132 121 
42 149 157 
41 128 144 
38 129 161 
36 119 128 

OP 6A 

130 m 
137 '101 ' 

131 147 
125 19 
121 127 
138 l» 

154 103 
149 136 
137 146 
125 13* 
112 131 

124 149 
112 135 

N.Y. Rangers 
New Jersey 
Tampa Bay 


No games scheduled 




Inda Innings: 41Mimd 2665 dedamd 
South Africa innings: 321 and 22M da- 

The lest ended to a dkow. 
smith AMca win the series 2-0. 


Pakistan: 165 aB out In 4&3 oven 
West indtos: 1 03 aO out In 40J avers. 
Pakistan wan by 42 runs. 

Pakistan wan Uie hest-of-ttuee ftwl 2-0. 


Nortnetn Districts: firet kuibigs 69, second 

England: flrei tonlngs 294, eerond Innings 30 
England won by 10 wickrts 

Home Classic 

Ftort ocoro^ n*Mkm to per end oernlngs 
Sunday of O 10 61 J mflSon Bab Hope 
avyetor Ctoosic. pieyod on the pto^72, 
G^cn^ywd todton WsHs. 

Bamnuda Dunes, 7j037-»eid todtan Rtogo 
KjBOl-yortl Lo Quinta eaurom (IBth round 
plowod ol buflon WsDs): 
rTSoL 44^M7-62-«3-327 

2. AA. CalCOVOCCMa 64-47-44r4L47— S8 

3. J- Pamevik. 


5. T. Tales. 

He D. Pooley, 

7. J. Daly. 

B.G. Waite, 

9. F. Cooples. 
nec Sind let. 


Real Beils 2 Barcelona 4 
•tMBdbrota I.Real Madrid 4& 23anzwna 
41 3J3eportlwo Corona 39, 4Real Sadedad 
37. S.Real Bells 36. iAItetlco Madrid 31 
7.valtadolld 3ft ITenetlie 29. 9^ihlettc B«- 
bao 29 , ULRadng Saniander 29, 11 .Valencia 
27, IlOYIedo 21 llCeOa Vigo 24. 14.Rayo 
VdOecano 21 ISJportlna Gi|oci 21. 14Xam- 
posteta 21 17£sjxmyal 19, IlHercutes 11 

19Xagrones18,20Sev*ki17,21ioragazu 15, 

22 .Extrenraduro 11 


Lqzto a Jiwenhis 2 

IWTOnwrl J inentus 31 1 5ampdoria 
29, 1 Intwnazionale 21 4. Vteenm 27, 5. 
Parma 27, 6. Fkxenttna 21 7. Milan 25, 
IBaiogna 25, 9-Atofcmki 24, UNapofl 2A 
llJtoma 21 12Xarto 21 HUdlnese 2a 

lAPtaaenza 19, 15J‘erogla ine-CoBBari 15. 

17. Verona 11. llReggtona 11 



Denmark 1 Pent 1 
Mexico 1 United States Q 

Rubin 115). U5< 7-5. 6-4. 

Mary Joe Fernanda 04), U.S. del. Potty 
Sctinyder, Switzeriami 4 - 4 . 4-4, 6-1 . 

Martina Htagls (41. SwlQeriand. det Ruxan- 
dro Drogomir, Romaida, 7-4 (8-6), 6-1 . 


Pete Sampras 0 ). tU., det Damta* Htbaty. 

Slovakia, 6-7 (4-7). 6-1 6-4, 3-1 6-4. , 

Goran Ivanisevic (3), Croatia, det. Oirtaiart 
Rwd, Norway. 0 - 6 , 6-1 6-7 17-9), 6-1 4-1 
Albert Casta 110), Spakv det. Wayne Ferreira 
W, South Africa, 6-1 4-1 3-2 retired. 
Thomas Musler 151. Austria det. Jim Courier 
nil. U 6-1 3A. 74 (7-4). 6-1 



texas— A greed to terms with C Ivan Ro- 
ditgua on 1 -year contract. 


new rOAK— Agreed lo t erms wflti RHP 
Rudy Senna on one-year contract. 

jam DiEco —Agreed to terms wDh LHP 
Sterling Hitchcock on two-year contract. 

San francbco— A yeed 10 lenns with INF 

Jffl Mueller and RHP Don Carbon on one- 
year contracts. 

66-46-68-46-45 — 333 
45-69- 73-65-66— 336 

70- 69-63-45-69—336 
65 73-66-66-69— 337 

71- 71-64-48-45—339 

Australian Open 



Irina Spirted (0). Romania, det. Korina Hr*- 
Surkova (9). Slovakia. 6-4 6-4. 

Dominique van Roast. Belgium, flef. Chanda 

PHILADELPHIA 7*6»-Pwt F Mark Davis 
an the tabued llsi. 

Pittsburgh— N amed Jim Hasten defen- 
sive coordinator. 





212 231 7B 78 
212444 8998 
.212.884 32 32 
212 593 09 09 

PAGE 20 

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;; .< \ %'s,-/ 5 '' 



Southern Gallantry 

At Sundance ’97, Post-Political Correctness 

v <-•»?*** 

we Yankee boys from 


VV we Yankee boys from 
New York were young, we 
had an image of Southern 
boys and the gentlemanly 
manner In which they treated 
their women, 

"Gone With 
the Wind" was 
our movie, and 
Ashley Wilkes 
(Leslie Ho- 
ward) was our 
role model. We 
so admired the 
way Southern- 
ers held their 
women in such high esteem, 
and we envied their stylish 
look when they danced to- 

The boys in the balcony at 
the Loew's Valencia in 
Queens had dreams of steal- 
ing Scarlett O’Hara away 
from a Confederate cadet and 
taking her to Coney Island for 
a hot dog and a ride on the 
Ferris wheeL 

Ever since, 1 had assumed 
Southern women were safe 
because their men were such 
knights in shining armor. So 
you can imagine my shock 
when I read that the brave 
men of the Citadel were haz- 
ing their female cadets and 
shoving the women around. 


My fantasy of a courtly 
South was shattered by this 
news. Instead of a sharp Cit- 
adel cadet, sword dangling at 
his side, sweeping die South- 
ern belle across the dance 
floor. I now envisioned a dif- 
ferent scene: 

I saw Ashley, a Citadel 
freshman, approaching Scar- 
leu at the Magnolia Ball and 
saying. "I would be honored 
if you would dance with me. 
Sergeant Major O'Hara-" 
Scarlett replies, “The hon- 
or is mine. Captain Wilkes.” 

Ashley escorts her onto the 
dance floor. 

Then, confused. Scarlett 
asks. “Why are you setting 
my dress on fire, Ashley?” 
He responds. "It’s a Cit- 
adel tradition that originated 
when women were admitted 
to the school. If you can't 
stand the heat in die gym- 
nasium. then you should get 
off the dance floor.” 

"Oh. Ashley, I just love 
Southern men who like to 
play with fire." 

"Here, drink this.' ' 

"What is it?” 

"It’s Gatorade. To be a 
good female cadet you have 
to drink so much it will make 
you sick." 


"But. Ashley, I’m not 
thirsty.” Scarlett protests. 

* ‘In that case. I'll dump the 
Gatorade ail over your shoes 
so your life will be miser- 

"Why. Ashley, why?" 
"Because Citadel men are 
winners, and if you are going 
to stay here for the entire four 
years you'll have to get used 
to being soaked by your fel- 
low classmates.” 

"Nobody told me what a 
fun school this was. You treat 
your women so much gentler 
than you do your men. Why 
are you dousing my hair with 
□ail polish remover?" 

Ashley says. "So that 
you’ll be able to do enough 
push-ups to win a war.” 
"Ashley, why are you 
stomping on my feet while 
we’re dancing?" 

"It's another Citadel tra- 
dition. It will help toughen up 
your feet in case we have to 
go back to Desert Storm.” 

By accident, I ran into my 
friend Bingham from Loew's 
Valencia last week. He said to 
me. "Those Southerners 
don’t treat their women the 
way they used to. No wonder 
they're all leaving their fox- 
holes and moving north." 

By Bernard Weinraub 

New York Times Service 

P ARK CITY. Utah — It’s less than two 
hours by plane from Hollywood to the 
Sundance Film Festival here, but creatively 

it is as far away as the moon. Movie studios 
are competing with one another to chum out 
bigger — but not necessarily better — action 
movies for men, but the films at this swarm- 
ing 10-day festival seem to be focusing on 
themes involving women, troubled teen- 
agers. despairing families and other groups 
that Hollywood often ignores. 

This year at Sundance, the United States’s 
top showcase for independent filmmakers, 
sexual politics and what Robert Redford, the 
festival's founder, called “a validation of 
diversity" dominare many of the 127 fea- 
ture-length films being shown. 

Bur diversity has taken an offbeat, even 
startling, turn this year. Redford and his staff, 
who have been chided in recent years by 
critics as having sought out films that seem 
trendy, have moved into a new arena: post- 
political correctness. 

"It's not enough to be black or Latino or 
say or a woman or twenty some thing,” Red- 
ford said. "That's not enough to give you a 
lot of mileage. We've moved past that It 
marginalizes the filmmaker.” 

This new mood has clearly affected the 
women whose films have been selected for 
this year’s festival. Instead of banding to- 
gether against men — a theme at recent 
Sundance festivals — women and teenage 
girls in these movies are not only struggling 
with the reality of their own lives, but also 
finding other women not necessarily 
friendly. Men are not much of a presence in 
these new movies. 

They include Alex Sichel's “All Over 
Me,” about the pain and triumph of a teen- 
age girl in Hell's Kitchen; Hannah Weyer’s 
‘ 'Arresting Gena.” also about teenage girls, 
and "The Clockwatchers” by Jill Sprecher. 
about the bleak lives of temporary office 
workers who are utterly isolated. Thai film 
stars Toni Collette. Parker Posey and Lisa 

“What I liked about our story is its hon- 
esty in saying that women sometimes don't 
treat each other well, that sisterhood is not 
necessarily all that supportive.” said 
Kudrow, a star of the television show 

Seated in a crowded coffee shop on Main 
Street, Kudrow took a sip of decaf and said: 


“It's not politically correct, but it’s more 
truthful, women sometimes don’t believe in 
each other, don’t help each other. That’s life. 
Why not say h? I love it. I don't dare think 
what the audience is going to think.” 

Kudrow was one of the celebrities in jeans 
t raip s in g around Park City — “There's 
Sandra Bullock! . . . There's Sally Field! ’ ’ — 
for a festival that is swollen with film com- 
pany executives and distributors, as well as 
agents, television crews and aspiring film 
makers. (“An awful lot of rich kids with trust 
funds making films about poor people,” said 
one writer, waiting for the shuttle bus to go to 
a movie.) 

Redford, who began the festival in 1984, 
acknowledged that the films at Sundance can 
sometimes get lost in the hoopla and parties 
into which festivalgoers claw their way. 

“In the beginning there wasn’t any 
money, there was no support; independent 
films were orphans of the industry,” Red- 
ford said the otherday. “IjustfeltZ wanted to 
put something back. It was sort of personal. I 
wanted to create opportunities for new talent, 
for new voices. Sometimes a studio will dull 
or blunt a voice. I wanted to keep those 
voices alive.” 

Women ’s voices are certainly not the only 
ones heard at Sundance. 

Among the films that have seized early 
attention are Mark Pellington’s “Going All 
the Way,” an adaptation by Dan Wakefield 
of his novel about the enduring friendship of 
two young Korean War veterans in the Mid- 
west in the 1950s; Vin Diesel’s "Strays,” 
about a macho New Yorker struggling to 
find some intimacy; Neil LaBute’s “In the 
Company of Men,” a black comedy about 
two men fed up with women and their lives; 
“The Delta.” by Ira Sachs, about a romance 
in the South between two young men — a 
white teenager and a half-Vietnamese work- 
ing-class £nugr£ — and Tony Vitale's “Kiss 
Me, Guido,” a romp about a pizza parlor 
worker yearning to escape the Bronx who 
mistakenly shares an apartment with a gay 
man in Greenwich Village. 

As in every Sundance festival, there are 
several movies about outrageous families. 
The most notable perhaps was “The House 
of Yes” by Mark Waters, a comedy about an 
affluent family preparing for Thanksgiving. 

It was the unexpected financial success of 
Steven Soderbergh's dark 1989 comedy, 
"sex. lies and videotape.” which grossed 

more titan $24 Trollion, that transformed 
Sundance and led Hollywood studio exec- 
utives and agents to realize, tile financial 
potential of independent films. 

Far more films from Sundance fail at the 
box office than succeed, and many of them 
ddnoteven find d&tributors. But each year at 
least one film emerges from the pack. Last 
year Scott Hicks's “Shine," the drama about 
the Australian pianist David Helfgott, 
aroused extraordinaiy interest. 

‘ ‘We’re stHI looking this year for the new 
‘Shine,’” said Mark Ohtesky, executive 
vice president of acquisitians for New Line 
and Fine Line, “The canvases just seem 
smaller this year,” he said. “There seem to 
be interesting films, tan how many of them 
will turn into box office hits?” 

Geoffrey Giirnore, the festival’s program 
director, acknowledged that for reasons he 
does not fully understand, the movies se- 
lected this year are “far more cerebral than 
previous years.” 

"Films are getting into difficult sub- 
jects," he said. “Some are politically in- 
correct; some are. getting into sexu al tri - 
angles. There’s a lot of almost idiosyncratic 
points of view in a lot of this new work.” 
As in previous years, documentaries have 
stirred as much attention as feature films, or 
even more. And as in the features, a sur- 


fjl>! ibtt 

SW** fc* 


prising number of documentaries deal with, 
women and women's issues. These include 

“Girls Like Us,” about teenagers in work- 
ing-class South Philadelphia, and “A 
Healthy Baby Girl,” a powerful movie nar- 
rated and written by Judith Helfand, who 
developed cancer after her mother was given 
the chug DES during her pregnancy. 

Some of the other documentaries that have 
gained attention include * 'Licensed to Kin,” 
about young men who beat and even kill gay 
men; ‘The Long Way Home,” about the 
early days after the liberation of the German 
omcentrstion camps; “Waco: The Rules of 
Engagement,’ * an indictment of the way the 
government used force that led to the de- 
struction of the Branch Davidian compound; 
“Paul Monette: The Brink of Summer’s 
End,” about the writer who died of AIDS; 
“Family Name,” about a white man in 
North Carolina who unravels his roots 
among black slaves as well as slave owners, 
and a difficuit-to- watch movie, “Sick: The 
Life and Death of Bob Flanagan, Super- 

it fill 

0ml ler 


"hi [r 

masochist,” about a performance artist suf- 
fering from cystic fibrosis whose act in- 

feting from cystic fi 
eludes body piercing. 



Zimbabwe , Marketing an African Mystery 

T HE sweeping epic "The English 
Patient” and the musical “Evita” 

By Donald G. McNeil Jr. 

New York Tunes Service 

Great Zimbabwe is one of the shin- 

ing mysteries of Africa. 
It is the continent's lari 

It is the continent's largest stone struc- 
ture south of the Pyramids, and gives this 
country, the former Rhodesia, its name. 
But no one is sure who built it in the 12th 
century, what they did there or why it 
was abandoned 300 years later. 

Nor does anyone sell it in miniature 
with snowflakes swirling around it But, 
tourism officials hope, mat's coming. 

Some believe that "Zimbabwe” is a 
contraction of the local words for “great 
stone houses." By the 15th century. 
Great Zimbabwe may have had 20,000 
inhabitants and was the capital of a far- 
flung network of 150 satellite villages 
built by people who traded gold and 
ivory and took slaves out of the interior 
of Africa and exported them to Arab-run 

Its walls ore up to 35 feet ( 2 1 meters) 
tail and 15 feet thick, and held together 
w ith nothing but their own weight They 
are not as cunningly jointed as Machu 
Picchu or Chichen ltza, but they are still 

The mystery is that when European 
explorers reached the area, the walls 
were a deserted min, and there was no 
civilization around that built with 
stone. It became almost an obsession 
with later white governments to insist 
that some mysterious ancient visitors 
— Phoenicians, Jews or Greeks — 
must have constructed the narrow al- 
leys and mysterious conical towers. 

They did nor believe that black Af- 
ricans had, because that would destroy 
the colonial notion that they were un- 
tutored savages who were lucky to have 
the British and Portuguese for their new 

Unbiased modem scholarship indi- 
cates otherwise. Phainos Mak- 
warimba, a local tour guide, said that 
excavation of round huts in and around 
the walls suggests that Bantu people 
From Central Africa built the city, and 
later left it. perhaps because of over- 
grazing and the fierce droughts that 

periodically sap the water table of this 
arid plateau. It’s not clear what the 
towers were for or what the mammal- 
footed stone birds that topped the 
walls, and are now on the national seal, 

It also- isn’t known why the local 
Shona people were not living in cities 

when the hunter-explorer Adam 
Renders arrived in 1868, although this 

slice of Africa was in turmoil from 
droughts, disease, slavers and invasions 
by whites and by rival tribes fleeing the 
fierce empire-building of Shaka, the At- 
tila of Zululand, far to the south. The 
word Shona. in Ndebele, an offshoot of 
Zulu, means “People who run for cov- 

Even though this is one of Africa’s 
defining monuments, only about 

The ubiquitous monkeys 
do some damage, but 
it’s humans who pilfer 
stones as souvenirs. 

100,000 tourists came by last year. It is a 
long way from an airport, and there is not 
much to do in the area except check out 
the stones. In Rome, at least, one can get 
a three-course meal only a block from 
the Colosseum. 

Tourism authorities hope to triple the 
number of visitors. There is talk of a 
bigger airport at nearby Masvingo, of 
casinos and even of chairlifts over the 

That worries people like Edward 
Matenga, curator of the complex, who 
says tourists, though useful, are also the 
biggest threat. The ubiquitous baboons 
and monkeys do some damage, but it’s 
humans who clamber on the ancient 
walls to take pictures or pilfer stones as 

Until recently, helping limit the in- 
flux, there was only one real hotel in the 
area, the Great Zimbabwe, a bit of Eng- 
lish nostalgia with Tudor architecture 
and a rose garden. 

In September that changed. Now the 
ruins have a nearby modem echo — The 

Lodge of the Ancient Gty. a hotel that 
dares to imitate them, right down to the 
detritus scattered in the dirt- The spirals 
of copper wire once used as currency 
called ndoro reappear as a motif on the 
hotel's bars tools and as the weights that 
keep guests from pocketing their room 

But the hotel is more authentic than it 

“Just before it opened, the building 
team was almost 2.000 people. It was 
just like ants all over die place. And it 
was all done by hand, with local ma- 

Those words from Gareth Foster, the 
manager, could just as easily have been 
spoken 800 years ago. 

The lodge was built by a company 
headed by Alan Elliot, one of three 
whites in Zimbabwe's Parliament, a sa- 
fari guide who speaks fluent Ndebele. 
dances Zulu-style well enough to 
hoedown with Ins constituents without 
embarrassing himself and bad the 
chutzpah to get President Robert 
Mugabe to grant presidential protection 
to a herd of elephants that bang around 
(me of his game lodges. 

E LLIOT wanted the hotel built in 
much the same way the builders of 

J-vmuch the same way the builders of 
Great Zimbabwe worked. A cement 
mixer and a drill were the only ma- 
chinery used. The stones were gathered 
by building fires on nearby granite 
domes, then pouring water on the hot 
rock till layers peeled off like an onion 

As at the monument, the walls dec- 
orated with dog-tooth and chevron pat- 
terns twist haphazardly, following the 
boulder-strewn natural landscape. The 
hotel’s dining area is actually me top of 
an existing hill, roofed over with thatch, 
the bar carefully tucked under a huge 
rock that a musician perches upon on 
Saturday nights to play a thumb-piano, a 
traditional Shona instrument 

As interest in the mysteries of Great 
Zimbabwe rises, the academic expertise 
to tackle them is finally arriving. 

" “Our first booking,” Foster said, 
"was a group of American archaeolo- 

1 Patient” and the musical “Evita” 
received the best drama and best com- 
edy or musical movie honors at the 54th 
ann ual Golden Globe Awards in Los 
Angeles. “Evita’s” tally also included 
a best-actress award for Madonna, as 
well as an award for best song. “The 
People vs. Larry Hynt” nabbed the best 
dirertor award for Milos Forman. Tom 
Cruise was named best actor in a mu- 
sical or comedy for Ins role as a fast- 
talking sports agent in “Jeny 
Maguire.” The sentimental favorite 
among the winners was the film legend 
Lauren Bacall, who won die evening’s 
first award, as best supporting actress 
for playing the possessive mother of 
Barbra Streisand in “The Mirror Has 
Two Faces.” Bacall, an acclaimed act- 
ress since her debut at age 19 with her 
future husband, Humphrey Bogart, 
came to Ihe podium to a standing ova- 
tion. and waved her award aloft. She 
said the Golden Globe was the first 
award or nomination she had ever re- 
ceived for a specific performance, ex- 
cluding life-achievement honors. “It 
just goes to show you if you live long 
enough and keep working, anything can 
happen.” she said. Edward Norton 
took the other supporting honor for the 
thriller “Primal Fear.” starring 
Richard Gere. By contrast to the mu- 
sical/comedy honors, drama awards 
went to Brenda Blethyn for “Secrets & 
Lies,” Mike Leigh’s British film about 
a mother reunited with her lost daugh- 
ter and the Australian stage actor Geof- 
frey Rush, who received an enthusi- 
astic standing ovation accepting a 
Golden Globe for his performance as 
piano prodigy David Helfgott in 

Jeff Vmidtftmos 

Saul Zaentz, left, the produces* of “The English Patient,” and Anthony 
MingheUa, its director, with their Golden Globe for best drama. 

• **■■**■» 

Kubrick, Steven Spielberg, Wim 
Wenders and Michelangelo Anto- 
nioni. This year’s jury chairperson will 
be the French actress Isabelle Adjani. 

vestigation of assault with a deadly 
weapon. He was jailed for five hours 
before posting $20,000 bail. 

Bruce Willis is to star in a French- 
directed movie which launches a star- 
studded 50th anniversary edition of the 
Cannes film festival in May, organizers 
said. Willis, who starred in the Golden 
Palm winner “Pulp Fiction” three years 
ago, will appear in the world premiere of 
Luc Besson’s “The Fifth Element,” at 
the start of the festival on May 7. To 
mark its half century the festival will 
play host to cinema greats including 
Woody Alien, Billy Wilder, Ingmar 
Bergman, Elia Kazan, Stanley 

Britons have voted JJLR. Tolkien’s 
“The Lord of the Rings,” a mytho- 
logical tale of hobbits and elves, as top 
book of the century, according to a 

bookstore survey In Hong Kong, the 

works of Shakespeare, Chaucer and 
Jane Austen have been dumped from 
the shelves of the British Council library 
due to a Lack of popular demand. Some 
20,000 volumes of Western classical 
literature have had to make way for 
video and computer terminals for surf- 
ing the Internet after records showed no 
one bad borrowed the books for at least 
a year, a council spokeswoman said. 

The actor Anthony Quinn's sop 
Francesco proved either courageous or 
reckless when be pulled a pocket knife 
on a gun-toting mugger, slashing his 
would-be robber. Quinn, 33, was able to 
escape and alert Los Angeles police, 
who discovered the mugger seeking 
treatment for the wound at a hospital. - 


• - 

Todd Bridges, child star of the 
"DifT rent Strokes” TV show, was ar- 
rested for allegedly ramming a friend’s 
car after a fight. Los Angeles police 
said. Bridges. 31, was arretted for in- 

The wedding of Mexico's favorite 
pop stars was anything but private: Mil- 
lions of fans watched it on television 
and thousands surrounded the church 
hoping for a glimpse. Even the Pope wa.< \ 
interested. Two of the country’s top' 
performers, Lucero Hogaza and 
Manuel Mijares, exchanged vows in a 
lavish ceremony broadcast live to 
dozens of Spanish-speaking countries.- 
Pbpe John Paul n sent a message of. 
ccmgratulations from the Vatican along 
with his blessing. 


■ ; 

- -r«ei