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Young Party Mavericks Dare to Envision a Post-Kohl Era 

By John Vinocur 

.i ; iMernarional Jferaid Tribune 

yonn8 from Chancellor 

Sjjjjj K - 0 * d * °wn ranks volunteer feat the 
fe^ mmister has betched a major tax reform 
£*“ and should quit Mr. Kohl tells the young 
man, in substance, to shut up J * 

Q ? stian Wolff, the 37-year- 
P}**. state c hairma n of the Christian Democratic 

as an “attempt to create a personal profile/* 

On the still waters of German H opw^r pnliti^ 
halfway through die 14th year of Mr. Kohl's 
chancellorship, this exchange constitutes real ef- 
fervescence, umnsg last week, just after a state- 
ment by Wolfgang Schaeuble, the Christian 
Democratic parliamentary chief, that he mi gh t 
want fee chancellor’s job one day soon, fee re- 
marks have given .substance for the first rime to 
the idea that Mr. Kohl’s succession is on the mitvt 
of his party as it feces national elections in 

“Let’s try to be serious,’’ said Friedbert 
Pflueger, a party member in fee lower house of 

Parliament from Mr. Wulffs age group and state. 
“From a parliamentary delegation of, say. 300 
members. I can drink of two who would vote 
against Kohl as the next candidate for chancellor. 
But things are more fragile and complicated than 

that. ” 

Thefiagiliry comes from the worsening state of 
the German economy. The complications are 
involved in the notion of some party members that 
Mr. Kohl (who has not said if he will seek another 
term) is an accomplished vote-getter, symbol of 
security, and a repository of international respect 
at age 66, but not someone dealing with con- 
vincing vigor to right the country’s problems of 

lost jobs, diminished competiveness and enor- 
mous social-service costs. 

By the government’s own reckoning, whatever 
economic growth Germany generates in 1997 will 
not be sufficient to stop the jobless rate from 
rising by fee end of the year to 1 1 percent from the 
postwar high of 10.8 percent in December. Some 
private calculations forecast arare of 15 percent to 
16 percent based on wider definitions of un- 
employment than those used by fee government 
m acknowledging feat something important 
has changed since fee New Year, the conservative 

See KOHL, Page 10 


Many Hong Kong Ties to Mainland Are Complete 

By Keith B. Richburg 
Washington Post Service 

HONGKONG — On reclaimed land at fee edge 
of Victoria Harbor, construction crews in blue and 
white hard hats are working feverishly on bamboo 
scaffolding to complete the newest addition to the 
city’s waterfront skyline — a $620 million ex- 
tension to the convention center, a modernistic 
structure with a sloping roof designed to resemble . 
a bird in flight. 

. In just over five months, fee cavernous grand- 
foyer’s maiden event will likely be its most his- 
toric: the ceremony markin g H ong Kong’s change 
of sovereignty from British to nunesc rule. 

But while the focus of world attenti on- June 30 
and July 1 will be on fee events at the waterfront^: ' 
fee handshake between British ami Chinese of- 
ficials. the lowering and raising of die respective 
{flags — - the real story of Hong Kong’s integration 
*5nto China already can be seen 30 kilometers (20 - 
miles) to die north, at such small, nondescmit places 
as Lok Ma Chau, Man Kam To and Sbalaii Kok. 

Those are Hong Kong’s three main vehicle cross- 
ing points into China, and every day tens of thou- 
sands of container tracks loaded whh.goods and 
produce make fee passage, moving in both di- 
rections along busy highways Bnkmg theeoUwy’s ' 
New Territories with China’s Guangdong Province. 
Last year. Hang Kong’s bonder police reported, 4.5 
million vehicles made fee- crossing, with about 80 
percent of the traffic cont a i n e r truck s . , 

That truck traffic is one of the most visible 
of a decade-old phenomenon that might be 
the “mamtendizatfoa” of Hopg-KqafeTbc rapid 
transformation of fee economies arid societies of 
both Hong Kong and’ strathem China has pro- 
gressed to the point , where the two sides of fee 
border are inextricably Jinked, each, broadly in- 
Ouencing fee other. 

Midnight June 30 is when the last British gov- 
ernor departs arid Bating officially takes charge. 
But in ramost every facet of life in Hong Kong 
these days -r-from theboardrooms of Central totbe 
barrooms df Wanchai — China is already here: 
“Nineteen ninety-seven is apoiiticalwaterahed, 
but it means nothing far the integration of Horig 
Kong mto China.” said Thomas Qian, director of 
the China Business Center at Hong Kong Poly- 

technic University. “That process has been going 
on for 10 years.” 

Politically, Hong Kong is set for some dramatic 
. chang es this summer after 150 years as Britain’s 
imperial outpost in Asia. On July 1, Hong Kong 
residents will wake up to their first homegrown, 
ethnic Chinese leader, Tung Chee-hwa, a slopping 
tycoon. People’ s libera tion Army troops will be 
based on the waterfront, in what is now the Prince 
of Wales barracks housing the remnants of the 
British garrison.. And the elected legislature, wife 
ff Kw)y gag ^atP crMnaii of 

government’s policies, wm cease to exist 
. Hong Kong wfflbecomeamudi different i 
despite all the pledges and expectations that 
c ur ren t system will remain unchanged for 50 years. 
Beijing last week served notice of Its intentions by 

libories laws, broaden police powers to ban even 
peaceful protests and Ihmt privacy rights. 

But in several spheres, tte transformation will be 
far less dramatic, because it has already occurred. 
The most important of those areas, the one where 
mainlandization is most pronounced, is economic 
■nd commercial life of this capitalist enclave. 

“The economic integration of Hong Kong and 
China has been going on since 1978,” said Allen 

See HONG KONG, Page 6 

5 • U * * • ■ . /' ’ ‘ 

Rita Fan, after her election as head of Beijing's shadow legislature for Hong Kong. Page 4. 

•as Let Britain Worry About Liberties, EU Says 

.. -By Barry James • 

Jturmaitaaal Herald Tribune 

_ PARIS — Despite protests by Britain and fee 
United States over China' s intention to dilute civil 
liberties in Hong Kong, fee response of the Euro- 
Union about the developments in its seventh- 
trading partner has remained muted, 
neither fee European Commission nor any of 
fee member governments apart from Britain have 
expressed concern over Beijing's proposal to 
amend civil-Tights legislation when die colony 
reverts to China on July 1. 

. Nor, officials say, is Europe likely to get up on 

fee grandstand in support oftbe British position. A ' 
spokesman at the French Foreign Ministry said the 
European Union expressed its views on the Hong 
Kong transition at the EU meeting in Dublin in 
December — the Union said it hoped fee handover 
would be smooth and successful — and would not 
comment on every development 

Political analysts said fee reason for fee Euro- 
pean silence was twofold. On the one hand, the EU 
governments do not want to jeopardize their re- 
lationship wife China. 

On tiie other, they consider that the problem is 
for Britain alone to solve, and no one seems willing 
to offer help to an ally feat is widely regarded as an 

obdurate opponent of European integration. (A 
Foreign Office spokesman in London, however, 
described the attitude of other European countries 
as “supportive.”) 

“Britain currently, and very sadly, is a tar baby 
right now,” said Stanley Crossick, head of the 
Belmont European Policy Center in Brussels, who 
wrote a report on the colony last year. 

“The United Kingdom’s position on Hong 
Kong is ludicrous and has been from die outset,” 
Mr. Crossick said, because “Britain was perfectly 
content to rale Hong Kong autocratically” before 

See COLONY, Page 6 

?! i 


Yeltsin Not Key to Ties, U.S. Says 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) —Sec- 
retary of State Madeleine Albright 
said Sunday that U5. ties wife fee 
Russia were not dependent on its ml- 
ing president, Boris Ye lts in, . 

She also said on an NBC television 
pro g ram that a planned meet i n g be- 

tween President Bill Clinton and Mr. 
Yeltsin in March was stffi expected to 

.Mrs. -Albright said the administra- 
tion was closely monitoring the pro- 
gress of Mr. YeKszn, who is recov- 
ering from double pneumonia. 

Algerian security forces, on Sunday 
preventedan opposition rally that was 
called to demand, dialogue wife out- 
lawed Islamists and an .end to blood- 
shed. The opposition had threatened 
to defy a ban on street protests, but the 
demonstrators avoided confrontation, 
marching peacefully and laying a 
wreath near the site of a car bomb feat 
killed 42 people last week. Page 6. 


India Joins the Battle Against PhUo 


Unrepentant Gingrich Blames Others 

Page 9. 

Page 9. 

— - PageS. 


_ Pages 18-20. 

Morton* CtaMMatf - 

Page IX 

Sends Army 
Into Streets 
Amid Riots 

Government Blamed 
For Lost Savings; 
Buildings Set Afire 

Om&kdhf Ow Stiff Fran Dupetcha 

TIRANA, Albania — The Parliament 
authorized the use of the military 
Sunday to guard roads and government 
braidings as violent protests around the 
Balkan state escalated. 

Parliament, mostly made up of depu- 
ties of die governing rightist Demo- 
cratic Party, voted, 96 to 2. in favor of 
fee measure. 

Albanians, blaming the government 
for huge losses of their savings in shaky 
pyramid investment schemes, set build- 
ings ablaze Sunday in the south and 
fought riot police in Tirana. 

Parliament, sitting for the first time 
on a Sunday since President Sali Ber- 
isha’s Democrats swept to power in the 
1992 general election, took the vote in 
an emergency session. 

Foreign Minister Tritan Shehu, him- 
self attacked during a protest in fee town 
of Lushnje on Saturday, blamed what be 
called “extremist farces” for the crisis. 

“It is not fee mass of Albanian So- 
cialists, but there are some Marxist ex- 
tremists who have always wanted to seize 
power through violence,” Mr. Shehu 
said after the vote. “These are segments 
of the former secret police who want to 
profit from this moment when Albanian 
citizens are having financial difficulties 
to try to destabilize Albania.” 

Witnesses earlier saw two military 
trucks carrying about 40 soldiers arrive 
at fee Interior Ministry in central Tirana, 
Soldiers armed with submachine guns 
were already on guard around the main 
Skanderbeg Square, fee she of several 
government buildings. 

Riot police had earlier dispersed 
about 30.000 people who had gathered 
in fee square, the scene of numerous 
anti-government demonstrations this 
month, to demand feat die ruling Demo- 
cratic Party resign. 

“There were injuries to many police 
and protesters,” a witness said. State 
television reported more protests across 
southern Albania in Her, Korce, Fushe 
Kruje as well as Lushnje. 

The disturbances, which began 
nearly two weeks ago, have gathered 
momentum across Albania as people 
have seen their life’s savings evaporate 
wife fee collapse of the once-popular 

See ALBANIA, Page 10 

yen. 1 

Israelis Propose Creation 

Of a 

By Seige Schmemann 

New York Times Service : 

JERUSALEM — A group of Labor 
and Likud legislators who have bra 
wor king to find common grouno for 
future negotiations wife fee Palestinians 
have joined in proposing that fee Pal- 
estinians eventually be granted a self- 
ruled “entity” and set- 
tien be forcibly uprooted from fee west 

Bank or fee Gaza Strij 
White fee proj 

have not been 

tJ .. * 

■s i ’ 


'' 1 

Newsstand Prices' 


f Andorra mOOFF Ubanro-— -iLWOd 

Antibes t250FF Moan---- A™} 

Cameroon -1.fi00CFA Qa»- 10 ;“™g 

fiance 10-00 FF Saudi Aral»-.l0-0^- 

Gabon iioocfa SanflgaJ....-iJC 0 ^A 

Graece 350 Dr. Spa^— -2^^ 

Ivory Coast. 1 .250 CF A UAE.. ^.10-00 Dirh 

Jordan. 1.250JD U^.^l&g-)-^ 1 - 20 

officially approved by either party and 

are likely rote, fee plan was fee first 

to be prep a red jointly by members offee 
two major parties. It is likely to serve at 
least as a frame of reference in fee talks 
on a final settlement wife the Pales- 
tinians that are supposed to be restarted 

soon, and in the debates within Israel 
over the settlement’s shape. 

The document, whitfewasmadepub- 
lic on Sunday, was drafiedbypiomment 
members of each party. The Likud 

A graft inquiry may threaten the 
N etan yahu government. Page 10. 

group was Jed by Michal Ban, the 
governing party’s whip- in Parliament, 
and fee Labor team by.Yossi Beilin, a 
former cabinet minister and a candidate 
for fee party leadership. 

The notion behind fee project was 
feat the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin 
in November 1995 and fee vicious dis- 

See ISRAEL, Page 10 

All Eyes Turn 
To Tokyo for 
Clues on Yen 

By La 

and Velisarios Kattoulas 

International Herald Tribune 

Nervous eyes will be focused on the 
Tokyo foreign-exchange market Mon- 
day as investors try to figure'out wheth- 
er Japan intends to stop fee decline of 
fee yen against the dollar. 

A taste of what might lie ahead came 
Friday, when a television news report 
from Tokyo that the Bank of Japan had 
intervened to buy yen pulled the dollar 
down fr o m a 47-monm high of 120.2 
Hie dollar ended trading in New 
__k at 118.9 yen. 

Inconsistent statements from various 
Japanese officials have left investors 
wondering just wfaai fee country’s for- 
eign-exchange policy really is. Last 
week, fee finance minister and the prime 
minister made contradictory statements 
about the yen on fee same day. 

On Sunday, Eisuke Sakakibara, di- 
rector-general of the Finance Ministry’s 
International Finance Bureau, tried to 
stave off further weakness in fee yen 
and Japanese stocks by insisting that 
worries about Japan’s ecooomy were 

selling out ^h'w^markjcts,” Mr! 
Sakakibara said in a televised interview. 
“The economy is not in as bad a shape 
as fete market thinks.” 

The, yen has rambled 2.8 percent 
againstthe dollar this year alone, and 50 
percent since its 1995 record high, as 
Japanese investors moved their money 
to higher-yielding and more stable in- 
vestments abroad. The benchmark 
Nikkei 225-stock index has fallen 8.64 
percent this year, including a 1.23 per- 
cent drop Friday, when fee index closed 
at 17,68936 points. 

Analysts wanted of further stock- 
maiket turmoil this week because of 
nagging anxiety about Japan ’s economy 
andits debt-laden financial system. 

To instill confidence in jittery in- 
vestors, Mr. Sakakibara denied reports 
of disagreement between Tokyo, Wash- 
ington and Bonn about the appropriate 

. See YEN, Page 10 IWina/Tbr AMriand (W 

WHO’S WHO? — Riot police heaving rocks back at demonstrators in the southern Albanian town of Lushrye. 

Team Makes Waves With Atom Laser 

Invention May Herald Super-Detectors and Measuring Equipment 

By Curt Suplee 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Scientists have harnessed the eeriest 
mysteries of modem physics to create fee world’s first atom 
laser — a device that fires a narrow beam of perfectly 
matched ‘ ‘matter waves,” just as a laser shoots out a stream 
of identical light rays. 

“We have closed the circle,” said Wolfgang Ketterle, a 
physicist whose team at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology made the atom laser. “We can now do wife 
matter waves what was only possible with optical waves 

The invention, formally announced Sunday, is a rudi- 
mentary prototype intended to prove the principle. But die 
intensely awaited accomplishment prompted experts to 
speculate that the device might eventually make possible 
unprecedented manipulation of matter at fee atomic scale. 

It could drastically improv e the accuracy of many kinds 
of detectors and measuring equipment and permit fab- 

rication of exquisitely tiny electronic circuits and other 

Beyond that, “We haven’t even begun to imagine the 
things that an atom laser can do.” said Bill Phillips, an 
atomic physicist wife the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology. 

When the optical laser was invented 37 years ago, 
“people said it was just a solution looking fora problem,” 
he noted. “Who could have imagined, in 1960, that we 
would use them to play music” in today's CD players? 

Because “laser-like atoms exist only in an ultrahigh 
vacuum environment,” Mr. Ketterle said, “it is unlikely 
feat the atom laser will ever improve supermarket scanners 
or CD players.” 

But there may be numerous practical uses. Because atom 
waves are so much smaller than visible light waves, their 
interference panems can reflect subtle variations in forces 
to which atoms are sensitive, such as gravity and electric 

See LASER, Page 10 




War on Polio / India Finally Strikes Back 

A Huge Immunization Project for Children 

By. John F. Bums 

New York Tunes Sen-ice 

G AGANGAON. India — When the 
children of this village began to gather 
for polio vaccinations at the clinic near 
the- pole-and-mud hut that is his home. 
Dewoo Hovaliya sat as he usually does on the 
warm, dry days of the Indian winter, naked on 
the bare earth before the hut. 

Occasionally, the little boy looked toward the 
hubbub of women linin g up with infants around 
the clinic. 90 meters (300 feet) away in a grove of 
casuarina trees. Then he returned to the lonely 
routine that occupies his days, squatting and 
scratching ai the earth, bursting into tears when 
strangers come too dose. 

Dewoo. who is 8, is severely disabled, physically 
and mentally, by polio contracted when be was 1. 
On this recent morning his 2-year-old brother. A jit. 
was among 120 million children who received 
drops of oral polio vaccine across India as part of a 
crash immunization program that has brought die 
country's incidence of polio tumbling. 

After years of inefficiency and delay that have 
left India with the highest incidence of polio of 
any nation, health officials agreed a year ago to 
adopt a new approach to polio eradication. 
Twice in the past six weeks, hundreds of thou- 
sands of health workers and volunteers fanned 
out across India, into virtually every urban 
neighborhood and every village, to vaccinate 
small children. 

International health experts are confident that 
the approach, begun in December 1995 and 
repeated again recently, has put India on a course 
to join scores of other nations that have wiped 
out polio. This would be a crucial step toward a 
polio-free world by 2000, a goal proclaimed by 
the World Health Organization a decade ago. 

But for Dewoo. the polio victim in this village 
130 kilometers (80 miles) north of Bombay, the 
new approach has come too late. 

“If 1 could have immunized my child.” said 
Vavuradika Hovaliya. the boy's father, “he 
would have been walking on his own feet, play- 
ing with other children.” 

Polio, a spinal inflammation, causes fever and 
paralysis that often results in permanent dis- 
ability and deformity. Vaccines against it have 
been available in India for at least 20 years under 
a program run by the health authorities. 

But official assertions that the regular pro- 
gram has reached more than 90 percent of Indian 
children have been shown to be greatly ex- 
aggerated. especially in the 650,000 villages 
where two-thirds of Indians live. Mr. Hovaliya 
said he had never heard of a polio vaccine until 
the new program came to this village for the first 
time 13 months ago. 

Zt has been more than 40 years since Jonas 
Salk developed an injectable polio vaccine. And 
Albert Sabin’s invention of an oral vaccine in the 
1950s made it possible to mount an effective 
attack on the polio virus, one of the greatest 
human health scourges. In many parts of the 
world, the disease has been eradicated through 
mass immunization, particularly of small chil- 
dren. who are the most susceptible. 

WHO estimates that at least half of all new 


will ■ ■ 

: ■■ 


Hundreds of thousands of 
health workers have fanned 
out into India to vaccinate 
children, know now that 
the world is going to 
eradicate pfnio,” a doctor 
said. u And one of the reasons 
toe are so confident is 
because we are sure now that 
we can eradicate it in India. 

cases each year occur in India, which makes it 
one of the last bastions of the disease. At least 25 
million Indians have been severely disabled by 
polio in the past 25 years. But if the fast-falling 
rates achieved by the crash immunization are 
sustained, health experts say the country might 
be polio-free in two or three years. 

In the meantime, India and its immediate 
neighbors remain the biggest challenge. The 
health agency estimates that of 100,000 new 
polio cases reported from about 60 countries 
each year. SO percent occur in India. Bangladesh, 
Burma, Nepal, Pakistan. Sri Lanka and Thai- 
land. An additional 150 nations, including those 
of North and South America and Western 
Europe as well as China and Australia, have been 
certified as polio- free. 

What this means, according to epidemiolo- 
gists like Jon Andrus, a 44-year-olcf American 
who monitors the polio eradication program for 
WHO from New Delhi, is not that these coun- 
tries have no polio, but that there are no new 
cases resulting from “indigenous transmission”' 
from one long-term resident to another. 

Health experts say one reason India and its 
neighbors have the highest incidence of polio is 
their hot. humid climate, which provides ideal 
breeding conditions for the virus. 

Poor sanitation, traditionally one of India's 
greatest health problems, has made its children 
particularly vulnerable, because they are too 
young to take basic precautions against a virus 
that attacks through oral contamination. A lack 
of toilets and sewage systems forces hundreds of 
millions to defecate on open ground, often near 

homes and water sources, or among crops. 

Still, the plunging rates since the adoption of 
the crash program have bolstered confidence. 
Figures compiled by state governments show the 
number of reported cases falling to 742 in the 
first nine months of 1996, after the first round of 
mass immunizati ons, from 2,643 in the same 
period in 1995. A decade ago, nearly 30,000 
cases were being reported every year. 

T HE WORLD Health Organization says 
that die actual number of polio cases 
across countries like India, with large 
territories and partly monitored pop- 
ulations, may be up to 10 times higher. 

Even so, Indian health workers see the trend in 
official figures as evidence that eliminating the 
disease is well within reach. “We know now that 
the world is going to eradicate polio,” Dr. An- 
drus said “And one of the reasons we are so 
confident is because we are sure now that we can 
eradicate it in India.” 

When the immunization program was first 
proposed Indian officials aemoned, citing a 
lack of resources, although the average cost of 
immunizing an Indian child is about 30 cents. 

“The general response among Indian health 
officials to die success stories of similar cam- 
paigns elsewhere was, ‘But this is India,' " Dr. 
Andrus said But he added that success was 
fostering optimism. “What has been accom- 
plished with the polio campaign has been a 
tremendous eye-opener.” 

The partnership that has made the Indian 
campaign possible has brought together hun- 

Jofan F.Banm/ThaPkMUxi Ta 

d reds of thousands of health workers and vol- 
unteers affiliated with WHO, Unicef and the 
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preven- 
tion. Financial support has also come from the 
governments of Japan and several European 
nations, including Britain, Denmark, Germany 
and Norway. 

But much of die credit for the campaign, in 
India and elsewhere, goes to Rotary Interna- 
tional, the Chicago-based network of clubs for 
business and professional people, which has 
raised more than $300 milli on to support polio 
eradication around the world. It has spent more 
than $30 million in India, a larger sum than the 
Indian government itself has spent on polio 
eradication over the decades. 

For the most recent immunization day in India, 
Rotary mobilized its 70,000 members here, and 
tens of thousands of other volunteers. Their many 
contributions included the vital one of helping 
maintain the “cold chain,” the refrigeration es- 
sential to the vaccine's effectiveness. 

Success has renewed hope that India may one 
day overcome other chronic health problems, 
including epidemic levels of diarrhea, malaria 
and tuberculosis, which kill tens of thousands 
every year. 

“We in India have been slow, lethargic and 
inefficient in tackling oar problems,” smd Raja 
Saboo, 62, a Punjabi industrialist who is chairman 
of the Rotary Foundation, Rotary International's 
charitable arm. “But polio immunization has 
shown one thing: that if you have a good cause, 
and a committed leadership, we can do it We 
have the capacity to rise to fee occasion." 

Air Safety Panel Ending With Tasks Unfinished 

By Matthew L. Wald 

Net. York Times Service 

House commission established be- 
cause of the crash of TWA Flight 800 
will probably go out of existence 
without determining fee feasibility of 
two significant security steps: match- 
ing passengers and bags on domestic 
flights, and determining which pas- 
sengers are possible risks and warrant 
closer scrutiny. 

The panel, fee Commission on 
Aviation Safety and Security, will 
meet Monday and Tuesday to try to 
establish a consensus on safety and 
security recommendations. It had 
been scheduled to meet publicly, bit 
fee commissioners, some of whom 
have complained of being rushed by 
the staff provided by fee White 
House, now plan to deliberate 

The group made preliminary rec- 
ommendations in September but is to 
make a final report to President Bill 
Clinton Feb. 12. 

“Bag match will continue to be a 
work in progress,” said one com- 
mission official. 

Under fee commissi on's auspices, 
a contractor has gathered statistics on 

how many bags are typically checked 
by each passenger on domestic 
flights, in addition to statistics on 
how often a piece of luggage misses 
the passenger's flight and vice 

Bag matching assures that no 
checked bag will be put on a plane 
unless fee passenger who checked it 
boards fee same airliner. 

The airlines say feat requiring bag 
matching at busy hub airports would 
cause chaos. But members of fee 
commission are divided about what 
decision to make given fee lack of 
evidence. Some want to recommend 
frill bag matching, and others are 
skeptical feat bombs in checked ba§s 
are much of a threat to domestic 

Bag matching is already required 
on international flights, but not do- 
mestic ones. 

Brian Jenkins, a terrorism expert 

who has presided over some of the 
meetings, said fee commission’s task 
was to recommend a package of im- 
perfect technologies and techniques, 
including bag matching, profiling of 
passengers and screening for explo- 
sives. Taken together, these would 
make putting a bomb on a plane more 

“Some recommendations are go- 
ing to be very precise and very com- 
plete.” he said “Some may say, 
‘Look, we know this is fee right di- 
rection, we know this is the goal we 
want to get to, we have a sense of 
some options on how to get there, in 
terms of technology, financing, or- 
ganization and so on, but we cannot 
in the time we have sort it all ouL’ ” 

When the commission was estab- 
lished, a few days after the Paris- 
bound Trans World Airlines flighi 
exploded off Long Island last July 17, 
killing 230 people, it was presumed 

Labour Appears to Back New Royal Yacht 


LONDON — A Labour Party of- 
ficial, retreating from a pledge not to 
spend lax money on anew royal yacht. 

said Sunday the £60 million ($100 
million) ship could be “an asset" for 
Britain. The current yacht, Britannia, 
is to be decommissioned rhic year. 

that the jetliner had been bombed. 
But investigators now say there is a 
conspicuous lack of evidence for feat 

The commission is considering 
making recommendations on various 
issues besides security, including air 
traffic control equipment and aging 

Without fee ability to make a 
strong recommendation on bag 
matching, fee commission's 
strongest security recommendation 
may be on forming a profile of pas- 
sengers to determine which ones 
should be scrutinized more carefully, 
a step that civil liberties advocates 

Gregory T. Nojeim, a lawyer at the 
American Civil Liberties Union, said 
bag matching was a more effective 
first line of defense. 

“If you have baggage match fee 
only thing profiling is good for is 
suicide bombs,” he said. 

The commission faces decisions 
on other issues, including whether 
airline employees should have to sub- 
mit to criminal background checks, a 
step feat was on the ilk of preliminary 
recommendations in September, and 
how airmail could be screened for 

Jfatican Unyielding 
On Women Priests 

Agence France-Presse 

VATICAN CITY — The Roman Catholic 
Church's ban on allowing women to be priests 
is forever, and the faithful who reject this line 
are de facto excommunicated, a senior car- 
dinal has said here. 

Cardinal Joseph Raizinger. head of the Vat- 
ican’s congregation for fee doctrine of fee 
faith, spoke at a presentation Friday of Cath- 
olic literature, specifically a collection of pap- 
al writings on fee ordination of women. 

Cardinal Ratzinger said feat those who re- 
jected the teaching of Pope John Paul Hon this 
question were not heretics who risked formal 
excommunication after a trial. 

But, he said “they support erroneous doc- 
trine feat is nMXHnpatible wife faith,” and as 
such excluded themselves from the commu- 
nion of faith under canon law. 

Rejection of women priests was an in- 
fallible teaching and was to be considered 
“for always, everywhere and by everyone 
part of the repository of Catholic faith,” be 

Bishop Angelo Scola, rector of the Vat- 
ican's Latteran University, stressed rimr the 
Pope had never said the Church would not 
accept the ordination of women, but that it 
could not and remain true to itself. 

Swiss Envoy 
Urged ‘War’ 
Over Claims 

Jewish Leaders Assail . 
Secret Documents Tone 


ZURICH — Switzerland’s strained ' 
relations wife Jewish organizations 7 
worsened Sunday wife fee publication ; 
of a confidential document m which ‘ 
Bern’s envoy to Washington called for i 
“w aging war” against Jewish groups., 
and other vocal critics. 

Swiss Jewish leaders denounced fee , 
comments, which the weekly newspa- 
per SonntagsZeimng said had come ‘ 
fixJm a confidential strategy paper feat 
Ambassador Carlo Jagmetti sent to Bern 
fast month on how to handle a dispute „ 
over dormant accounts of Holocaust > 
victims in Swiss banks. _ \ 

“This is a war feat Switzerla n d must • 
wage and win on fee foreign and do- ’ 
mestic front,” said fee document, ex- 
cerpts of which fee paper printed. “Yotjf 
cannot trust most of the adversaries.” 

ies” to 

tagsZeitung i 
• whom Mr. 

said fee “adversar- • 
Jagmetti referred ! 
were Jewish groups and Senator Alf- - 
onse D’ Amato, Republican of New 1 
York, who have accused the Swiss of ■ 
profiting cynically from World War 0 ; 
ftruj who are seeking compensation for ■ 
Holocaust victims. 

The document recommended that ’ 
Switzerland agree to compensation to ■ 
settle Jewish claims “because Jewish ! 
circles and Senator D’ Amato must be • 
satisfi ed quickly” so that “calm will \ 
return on all levels,’' the paper reported ■ 

A Foreign Ministry spokesman de- ; 
c lined to comment on fee report 

Swiss Jews criticized fee tone of fee ; 

“I was shocked to see the insen- 
sitivity with which this matter is being .’ 
addressed," said Thomas Lyssy. vice- 
president of fee Swiss Jewish Feder- 

“When an ambassador in America 
speaks of ‘war’ and of ‘domestic and 
foreign fronts' and of 'opponents who 
are not to be believed,' then this shows 
the significance of this matter is not 
being recognized.” 

The story broke a day after fee 
biggest coalition party, fee Social 
Democratic Party, called on Economics 
Minister Jean-Pascal Delamuraz to 
resign for accusing Jewish groups last 
month of “blackmail” for insisting 
Berne quickly compensate Jews for 
wartime suffering. 

The editor of SonntagsZeitung, Ueli 
Haldimann, wrote in a commentary that 
Mr. Jagmetn’s document had under- 
mined Swiss efforts to build goodwill 
by announcing plans for government 
ami big business to open a Holocaust - 
memorial fund. 

“This is oil on fee fire for ail those 
who contend Switzerland is not acting ; 
honestly,” he wrote. 

In Stockholm, meanwhile, the For- 
eign Ministry said Sunday feat fee gov- . 
emment would set up a commission this • 
week to investigate Nazi gold bought by ^ 
Sweden during World War IL 

The decision was mack by Foreign 
Minister Lena Hjelm- Wallen following 
allegations feat Sweden might have dis- 
posal of up to seven tons of gold front 
Germany, despite suspicions feat about 
two-thirds of it may have been stolen. 

■ Riris to Study Jewish Property 

French Jews welcomed on Sunday 
fee setting up of a panel to evaluate 
property seized from Jews during the 
Nazi occupation, saying it was a new 
example of France coming to terms with 
its wartime history. The Associated 
Press reported from Paris. 

Prime Minister Alain Juppe an- 
nounced fee measure Saturday evening at 
a dinner of the Represented ve Council erf 
Jewish Institutions, saying fee panel 
would assess what might still be in pos- 
session of French or foreign public bod- 

He said France had a “national duty” 
to shed light on “this tragic period in our 
history.” He promised a report from fee 
commission by the end of the year. The 
announcement followed official reports 
calling into question the fate of real estatrj 
and art works owned by Jews who were 
deported from France during the war. 



New Delhi Curbs Public Smoking Motorcycle Taxis Rolling in Paris 

NEW DELHI (API — Smoking in movie theaters, buses, 
parks and other public places was banned in fee federal capital 
as of Sunday, making New Delhi fee first Indian city to crack 
down on smokers. 

Lighting up in any form — be it cigarettes, cigars or pipes 
— is punishable by fines. New Delhi's health minister. Harsh 
Vardhan, told fee Pioneer newspaper. Fines range from S3 — 
the price of three packs of cigarettes — for first time offenders 
to $15 for subsequent offenses. The anti-tobacco campaign 
has also banned cigarette advertisements throughout the 

The Elizabeth, i 


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A timber of Far East Organkuttbu 

•Or For P***rvatuma t> 

Fax: (65) 732 3866 

PARIS (Reuters) — A Paris taxi company is taking hurried 
business people on motorcycles to beat the French capital’s 
crippling rush-hour traffic jams. 

“There is no other way of being sure of getting to an 
appointment on time,” Jean-Christophe Saliou, head of the 
SP2 taxi company, told TFI television. The motorcycle 
drivers carry extra leather jackets and helmets for customers to 
don over business suits. 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 
this week because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Australia. Monaco, New Zealand, 


Sources: JP. Morgan. Reuters, Bloomberg. 


For Work, Life mdAcatknxBcpenence 
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(808) 597-1909 EXT. 23 
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Because of a transcription 
error, the starting time of fee 
National Football League's 
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the Saturday -Sunday edi- 

Business Message Center 
every Wednesday 
















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Forecast lor Tuesday through Thuisday, as provided by AecuWaalher. Asia 

J Unxeacnot/ 


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northern tier ot the United Into southeastern Europe 
Stales will modify during Tuesday and Wednesday; 
midweek. However, the othenriso. much of Europe 
temperature will still be will stay dry. The British 
well below normal in the Isles and northwestern 
Canadian provinces of Europe wU bo rattier ntikl. 
Ontario and aaatem Mani- white much of the rest of 
toba. fn contrast ttemorv Europe remains close to 
dous warming will occur In normal, 
western Canada. 


Very eeld air wfl settle over 
eastern Mongolia, north- 
eastern China. Manchuria 
and both Korea* Tuesday 
through Thursday. Japan 
wfll turn colder Wednesday 
and Thursday, after noar- 
to Just above-normal tenv 
peratures Tuesday. Sea- 
sonable and mainly rsJn- 

frae In Hong Kong and 8m- 



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-• t. 

er and Press 

.} By Eric Pianin - 

ftfefcqg ton Post Servic e 

MARlhriA, Georgia — Speai- 

gg out for the first Se simiffoe 
House ptmisbed him, an- umW 

aniNewtGmfmr'h ha« 

news argaiuzatkns had ■ {‘‘I understand why Newt would 

rf & House was 

^today during appearances at 

BESTS tn his suburban 
district. After a week in 
Washington that he described as 

very, very painful,” Mr. Gingrich 
J]r cerved . a hero’s welcome from 
thousands of supporters. 

He blamed his former lawyer for 
the submission, of misleading doc- 
uments to the House etbks com- 
mittee- He asserted that the Atlanta 
Constitution’s editorial page and 

f^inst him. And he crhSzeda 
Washington establishment *b»t was 
<pnck to punish a conservative lead- 
,ftr ' whDc a llowing liberal Demckaais'' 
to commit far, worse infraction s 
“Somdtow on the left,” said Mr. 
a Republican representa- 
tive from Georgia, during a mo rning 
se^on at foe CSty Hail in neafoy 
Roswell, 'tyou can do any thing yon 
want, and nobody seems to nonce.” 
“But if you are a conservative and 
you want to follow foe law a nd you 
hire lawyers and yon do what yon 
can. — if' you make a sm gfe mistake, 
you better plan to be pilloried be- 
caoM you’re politically incorrect.” 

. [Senator John McCain, Republi- 
can of Arizona, said Sunday that Mr. 
Gingrich' was prolonging foe itw 
by Man? jug his punishment oh oth- 
ers, TheAssodatedPress reported- 

m his own district,” Mr. McCain 
said, adding: “I think that he prob- 
ably may Have contributed to the 
debate and extended it rather than 
shortened it”] 

Last month, Mr. Gingrich admit- 
ted that he brought discredit to foe 
House and broke its rules by fading 
to ensure that financing for two pro- 
jects would not violate federal tax 
law and by giving foe House ethics 
committee false information. On 
Tuesday, foe House voted, 39$ to 
28, to reprimand Mr. Gingrich and 
required him to pay a $300,000 pen- 
ally. It was foe first time in the 

chamb er's 208-year-iristary it has 
disciplined a speaker. 

On Saturday, Mr. Gingrich said 
he “trusted” foie law firm that first 
represented him “to have dooe foe 
job right.” 

“They didn't do the job right,” 
he said* ‘ 'and 1 didn't catch them. So 
I thought foe most honorable thing 
to do when you have done 
something wrong, is to say, 'This 
was a mistake.’ ” 

Jan Banm. the Washington lawyer 
who fiist represented Mr. Gingrich 
when questions arose about his tax- 
deductible charitable contributions 
to finance a college course he taught 
to advance the Republican Party 
agenda and election prospects, has 
said Mr. Gingrich had thoroughly 
reviewed the documents submitted to 
the ethics paneL 

Mr. Baras also said he had made 
sure foe speaker was “comfort- 
able” with their contents. 

On Saturday, Mr. Gingrich sug- 
gested he had been so busy with his 
duties as speaker shortly after foe 
Republican takeover of Congress in 
1995 that he had not devoted as 

much attention to the document sub- 
mission as he should have. 

“There was no suggestion of in- 
tent to deceive,” Mr. Gingrich said. 
“A mistake bad been made.” 

Several members of the ethics 
committee, both Democrats and Re- 
publicans, said they were uncom- 
fortable with that explanation, es- 
pecially after they asked Mr. 
Gingrich a second time about the 
accuracy of some of his submissions 
and he reaffirmed them. 

Mr. Gingrich also denied that be 
had been “fined” by foe House, 
saying that he agreed to pay the 
S 300,000 to cover the added ex- 
pense to the ethics committee of 
dealing with the factual errors in his 
submissions. He said if the panel, a 
“nonjudicial system,” had tried to 
fine him. he would have fought it 
because it would have set “a pre- 
cedent of enormous danger.” 



Short Takes 

Clinton Targets Food-Borne Els 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton’s 1998 
budget will propose spending $43 million for a program 
to detect outbreaks of food-bome illnesses before they 
become widespread and to improve food safety. 

The plan, outlined by the president in a weekend radio 
address, is the government s first attempt at early de- 
tection and prevention of such outbreaks. Last year, it is 
estimated, from 6.5 million to 33 million Americans 
became ill from food-bome diseases, and 9.000 died. 

“We must continue to modernize foe food-safety sys- 
tem put in place at foe dawn of foe 20tb century,’’ Mr. 
Clinton said. (NIT) 

Gephardt Cool to Medicare Cut 

WASHINGTON — President Clinton's Medicare plan 
ran into more trouble in Congress as the Democratic leader 
of the House. Richard Gephardt, distanced himself from the 
proposal, saying its projected $138 billion cut in spending 
over six years "sounds high tome.” 

Mr. Gephardt, of Missouri, said he would reserve 
further judgment until he saw details. But he made it clear 
be would oppose anything that appeared to him as a threat 
to foe program . which provides health care to 38 million 
senior citizens. (WP) 

cyi^sop^rat^^Austin, Texas, when \New York AIDS Deaths Fall ! Anti-Perot Faction Walks Out 

Rare Look at Internment Cany 

in 1943, Dave Tatsuno made the movies 
so no one would forget. For the Library of 
Congress, his amateur footage from inside 
a Japanese-American internment camp - is 
now a rare cultural and historical artifact. 

Mr. Tatsuno *s 8 mm film documenting 
fife in a desolate Utah camp has been - 
placed on foe National Film Registry, just • 
the second home movie to be added to the 
list, reports die San Jose Mercury Newsl ’ 
The other is Abraham Zapnider's footage 
of the assassination of President John F. 
Kennedy in Dallas. 

'‘Topaz,” as Tatsuno’s film is. titled, 
captures the spirit of the Japanese-Amer- 
icans as they fry to recreate their com- 
munity in bleak desert su rro un dings. Mr . 
Tatsuno was one of 1 10,000 Japanese and 
Japanese- Americans who were forced to 
tave their homes on foe West Coast and- 

Mr. Tatsuno, who was sent in 1942 m the 
Topaz War Relocation Authority center, sur- 
rcptitiously used a smaH camera gjvmhhn by* 
a friendly c amp official to shoot foeaefrvities 
of thecamp’s 8,000 internees. His 75 urinates 

of film is now hnuseri at the Iftpanr^Anvr- 

ican National Museum in Los Aagetes^ 
which sells a tape made from the film. 

Mr: Tatsuno, now 83, is utodeft abemttos 
rote in history, but happy tohave helped 
provide proof for- younger generations ig- 
norant of the camps.” A lot of pegjjtedoa’t 
know they happeKted,” he said. 

A nonprofit groom put 24 yellow bi- 
: cycles on the streets of Austin, Texas, when 
it joined a shortlist of cities that offtxfree 
-frarapattation for those willing to pedal. 
. The bikes are available for anyone to ride 
anywhere, but must — tins is foe theory — 
be left in the open, unlocked, so someone 
else can use them. Community bike pro- 
grams,which started in Europe, can now be 
found Portland, Oregon; Madison, Wiscon- 
sin; Charleston, South Carolina; Missoula, 
Montana; St Paul, Minnesota; Orlando, 
Florida; and Denver and Boulder in Col- 
orado. Boulder spent $20,000 to make 120 
greed hikes available to foe pubfic. A few 
months later.oofy about 40 were still on the 
-streets, hu t o rg a nizers called the program a 
success. Much foe?same fine befell bikes in 
Amsterdam; ttpikneer of free biking. 

• PoKatiori levels are down at more than 
HXJ sites along U.& coasts, accordin g to a 

federal j un g n Hi i rfqt m on i tor s n ni ta m manK 

in mussels and oysters. The coutinumg de- 
clines iatoK^tejiygas Eke arsenic, mercury 
r-audt leacLait largely att ri bute d to legal re- 
strictions on the poisons’ use and discharge. 

' A homfcig device that has been used to 
catch .car thieves is now keeping police 
officers on their toes in Hialeah, Florida. 
~Thgfefrmpufcnzed device, which can easily 
he hidden -in a car ar trnck, is helping 
dispatcher* monitor whether officers are 
sleeping ou die job, spending tod much 
fime tffte track or failing to answer calls. 
The Miami Herald reposts. A spokesman 
for the main police union conceded that the 
city was within its rights in using the track- 
uag device. But morale among officers, he 
atSedi is not being helped. 

International Herald Tribune 

Advances in Therapy and Access to Care Explain Drop 

By Lawrence K. Altman 

New York Times Service 

foe first time since the AIDS 
epidemic was recognized in 
1981, deaths from the disease 
in New Yodc City dropped 
sharply last year, declining by 
30 percent, according to adty 
Health Department official. 

Speaking at a scientific 
meeting hoe. Dr. Mary Ann 
Chiasson. assistant commis- 
sioner for interven- 

tion research, said that the 
number of people who died 
from foe disease fell to 4.944 
in 1996 from 7,046 in 1995, 
and that the decline occurred 
in all ethnic groups and in 
both sexes. For unknown rea- 
sons, die drop was greater 
among men than women. 

Dr. Chiasson said that she 
could not give a conclusive 
reason for die decline, bat that 
foe most likely explanations 
were advances in therapy in- 
troduced in the early 1990s 
and expanded access to med- 
ical care and services made 
possible by a surge in gov- 
ernment money in 1994. 

“It’s great news, and we 
haven’t had a lot of that in foe 
AIDS epidemic,” Dr. Harold 

Jaffe. an AIDS expert at the 
federal Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention in At- 
lanta, said at a news confer- 
ence on the New York City 

Dr. Lars Knifings of Stock- 
holm, a leader in international 
AIDS research, said “the data 
were very impressive and will 
have global importance be- 
cause widespread publicity 
has focused attention on New 
York City's epidemic.” 

He said that because so 
many AIDS cases in New 
York were among the poor, 
the new statistics would offer 
hope to poor nations with in- 
tractable AIDS problems. 

But it was unclear whether 
foe decline in New Yoric City 
is also occurring elsewhere in 
the nation, since full statistics 
have not yet been compiled for 
1996. In telephone interviews, 
officials at the San Francisco 
Health Department said AIDS 
deaths reported in 1996 rose to 
1,517 from 1,443 the previous 
year. The Los Angeles County 
Department of Health Services 
said there was a 733 percent 
drop in that area, to 2,084 in 
1996 from 2,718 in 1995. 

But those data have not 
been thoroughly analyzed. 

and the San Francisco and Los 
Angeles figures for 1996 in- 
clude deaths that had occurred 
in earlier years and whose re- 
porting was delayed. 

The decline in New York 
City followed a leveling in the 
number of deaths there in 
1994 and 1995, paralleling 
the national statistics. 

But while deaths are de- 
clining, the rare of new AIDS 
cases in the city has not 
changed significantly, offi- 
cials say. 

Dr. Chiasson said she 
thought that a major factor in 
foe decline was widespread 
use of die growing number of 
drugs introduced since the 
early 1990s to combat HIV, 
die AIDS virus, and the many 
so-called opportunistic infec- 
tions that occur as complic- 
ations of AIDS. 

Such therapies are helping 
AIDS patients live longer. Dr. 
Chiasson said, with the me- 
dian survival time following 
diagnosis having increased to 
19 months from 13 months. 

She said that a second 
probable cause for the decline 
was the strong and sustained 
rise in government spending 
on care for AIDS patients that 
began in fiscal 1994. 

NASHVILLE, Tennessee — Members of a breakaway 
faction of the Reform Party walked out of a national 
meeting, charging that a party leader's election was a 
power play by Ross Perot. 

To the jeers and clapping of 200 people, about 40 
people left foe meeting, which was preparing for die third 
party's convention. 

Those who left Saturday were upsei with a vote that 
installed Russ Vemey, coordinator of Mr. Perot’s 1996 
presidential bid, as chairman of an organizational com- 
mittee. (AP) 

Quote / Unquote 

Charles Lewis, director of the Center for Public In- 
tegrity, a group that is seeking changes in laws on 
lobbyists and campaign funding: “Only certain people 
get to hang out with public officials. Most citizens don’t 
even get to meet their congressman, and these guys can sit 
in a duck blind with them for eight hours.” (NYT) 

Away From Politics 

• The navy said it had shot down a missile with another 

missile at 40,000 feet over the White Sands range in New 
Mexico in a test of an infrared targeting system to protect 
against missile attack. {Reuters) 

• The first male West Point cadet to be charged with 

raping a female cadet, James Engelbrecht, 22. of Con- 
roe, Texas, was acquitted by seven male officers of 
sexually assaulting the woman after a night of drinking at 
an off-campus party. (AP) 

• Thousands were without electricity after tornadoes 

ripped through central Tennessee and part of Alabama, 
kilting one person and destroying or damaging more than 
200 homes and businesses. (AP) 

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Pro -Beijing Panel Elects Its Leader 

Hong Kong Shadow Legislature Convenes in Southern China 

By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington PC'S! Service 

HONG KONG — Behind closed 
doors and under heavy security, 
Beijing's shadow legislature for Hong 
Kong has gathered for the first time in a 
luxury guest house across the border in 
southern China and elected a pro-China 
politician as its leader. 

Rita Fan, a former legislator and one- 
time adviser to British governors of 
Hong Kong, was elected president Sat- 
urday of the provisional legislature, the 
body Beijing created last month to re- 
place Hong Kong's democratically 

elected legislature, which will be dis- 
banded once China assumes control 
here July 2. 

The panel was forced to meet in 
Shenzhen to remain outside the reach of 
Hong Kong law. 

Democracy groups have called the 
body illegal and threatened to take it to 
court if its members try to gather in 
Hong Kong. 

The meeting was closed to the public, 
and journalists watched the proceedings 
on closed-circuit television. 

Chris Patten, the British governor of 
Hong Kong, assailed the gathering. 

“This was a bad day for Hong 

Kong,’ ' he said. “The organization that 
met over the border in Shenzhen has no 
legitimacy, no credibility and no au- 
thority in Hong Kong.” 

Earlier, he called the shadow legis- 
lature “a rather exotic debating society 
that meets on occasional Saturday 


The Hong Kong government has re- 
fused to have anything to do with the 

[About 300 activists marched, peace- 


China Dictates How to Report 

6-Page Directive Details What Journalists Can Cover 


BEUING — China issued directives 
Sunday on how news stories should be 
written, ordering journalists not to ad- 
vocate sex, violence and superstition 
and to fill their reports with patriotism 
and socialism. 

The guidelines come amid an on- 
going crackdown on ideas that differ 
from party precepts. 

Quoting President Jiang Zemin's de- 
scription of reporters as “engineers of 
tbe human soul,” the All China Jour- 
nalists’ Association issued a commu- 
nique to reporters to submit to the “su- 
pervision of the party and the people”. 

The association set up a hot line for 
the public to report journalists who 
break the new rules. 

To ensure reporters were familiar 
with wbat they should and should not 
do. the China News Workers’ Asso- 
ciation issued a detailed six-part dir- 
ective via the news agency. 

Ar the top of tbe list was: “Whole- 
heartedly to serve the people.” 

To achieve this goal, the directive 
urged reporters to fulfill their super- 
visory role by “bravely criticizing and 
exposing erroneous words and actions 
and corrupt phenomena that harm the 
people’s interests.” 

Mr. Zemin, who is also the head of the 
Communist Party, has personally 
mounted a drive to stamp out corrup- 
tion, a plague he has warned could 
topple the parry, and bas used propa- 
ganda to back his cause. 

However, the new directive also spe- 
cifies events from which reporters 
should steer clear and the tone in which 
they should cover topics that are ac- 

The new directive apparently does 
not apply to Hong Kong, where laws; 
remain separate from those of the main- 
land even after the return of sovereignty 
to China in July. 

The body will be primarily respon- 
sible for enacting Beijing-backed rec- 
ommendations to curtail Hong Kong’s 
civil rights law, stripping the bill of 
rights of its teeth, enhancing police 
powers to ban protests and strictly lim- 
iting local groups' ability to raise funds 

It also will rewrite election laws that 
in 2995 produced tbe most democratic 
legislature in 150 years of British co- 
lonial rule. 

Britain, the United States and local 
democracy groups have denounced the 
proposed changes as a threat to Hong 
Kong’s freedoms and way of life. 

But China’s handpicked chief exec- 
utive for the territory, Tung Chee-hwa, 
has endorsed the changes, saying free- 
dom must be balanced with respon- 

The 60-member shadow legislature 
chose Miss Fan over Andrew Wong, 
who also heads the current, elected le- 
gislature. She won with 33 votes to Mr. 
Wong’s 27. 

Zhou Nan, head of the Xinhua press 
agency and Beijing's top-ranking of- 
ficial in Hong Kong, hailed the body’s 
first gathering. 

“Now Hong Kong has the chance to 
create for itself a truly representative 
form of government," he said. 

HONG KONG BLAZE — Revelers escaping a karaoke lounge in the 
Tsim SbaTsui district of Hong Kong amid afire that killed 15 people. 
The police said Sunday that the case was being treated as arson. 

The Shenzhen meeting came one day 
after Mr. Tung named ms top team of 
advisers, largely a conservative group 
of local business leaders and well- 
known faces from the ptro-Beijing 

Mr. Tung retained two of Mr. Pat- 
ten's advisers. 

Also in China, Xi Yang, 40, a former 

reporter for tbe Hong Ron 
Mine Pi 

ig Pao. was released from prison 
after serving three years of a 12 -year 

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Taleban Reports Gains 
Against Foes in the North 

GULBAHAR, A fghanis tan — The Taleban 
militia said Sunday that it bad pushed toward 
the opposition-held Panjshir valley north of 
Kabul, from the strategic Gulbahar district, 
and had told civilians to leave Golbahar. ■ 

The Islamic militia had captured three vil- 
lages and large quantities of weapons from the 
forces of the deposed government of President 
Burhanuddin Rabbam in an offensive that 
began in the morning, Taleban ’s Voice of 
Sharia radio said. The report said many op- 
position fighters had been killed. 

A Taleban commander and civilians said 
earlier that the militia was continuing to expel 
civilians from the Gulbahar district to prevent 
any uprising. “We have told people to leave 
the area because they pass on military in- 
formation to our opposition, and to prevent any 
kind of revolt against our Taleban brothers,” 
said Mir Ahmad, the militia’s front-line com- 
mander. (Reuters) 

China Again Warns Taipei 

BEUING — A top Communist Party of- 
ficial has said that any effort by Taiwan to 
disrupt China's so verergnty and territorial in- 
tegrity are “doomed,’ 7 the official Xinhua 
press agency reported Sunday. 

Wang Zhaoguo, head of die United Front 
Work Department of the party’s Central Com- 
mittee. said, “The Chinese people will ab- 
solutely not sit idly by and remain indifferent 
to the separatist activities carried out by some 
personalities of the Taiwan authorities who 
oppose the ‘One China’ policy. 

On Friday, Foreign Minister Qian Qichen 
said that China was confident that it had gained 
the upper hand in efforts to stop Taiwan from 
raising its international profile. 

“The present international and domestic 
situation is conducive to the curbing of Taiwan 
authorities’ splitting activities," Mr. Qian was 
quoted as saying by Xinhua, (AFP) 

Peaceful Day in Kashmir 

NEW DELHI — India’s main national cel- 
ebration, Republic Day, passed mostly peace- 
fully Sunday in the troubled state of Kashmir ‘ 
for the first tune in seven years, despite a string 
of explosions after parades ended. 

For the first time since a rebellion broke out 
in the state in 1989, Muslim rebels did not 
disrupt Republic Day celebrations in Srinagar 

or Jammu. 

In New Delhi, India showed off its military 
might, displaying a pilotless plane and a sur- 
face-to-surface missile. The United States has 
asked India not to deploy the missile, the 
Frith vi, saying it could possibly start an aims 
race in South Asia. CAFF) 

Japan Flu Toll at 249 

TOKYO — An influenza virus sweeping 
through homes for the elderly in Japan has 
killed 249 people in the last month, a news- 
paper reported Sunday. 

The virus has ravaged nursing homes and 
other welfare facilities throughput the country 
since late December, according to a survey 
conducted by Yomiuri Shim bun. 

The deaths were concentrated in the north- 
east, particularly Aomori, I ware, Akita and 
Miyagi prefectures. The virus has also ap- 
peared in 13 prefectures in the southwest; but. 

no deaths have been reported, the paper said. 

The Hong Kong A flu strain was recently 
joined by the type B virus, which is considered 
less contagious and carries lighter symptoms 
than type A, health officials said. 

The flu is commonly followed by pneu- 
monia in the elderly, who are more prone to 
infections, and die health authorities warned 
welfare facilities to watch for early flu signs 
among those m their care. 

The seasonal increase in flu cases in late 
December was foe highest on record, health 
officials said. The last flu epidemic, in 1994- 
95, claimed 1244 lives nationwide, mostly 
among the elderly, according to the Health 
Ministry. (Reuters)- 

Labor Leader 

In Seoul Vows 
To Speed Up * 
All-Out Strike 


SEOUL — The leader of South 
Korea’s unrecogniz ed labo r confedera- 
tion, addressing foe tersest protest rally 
a new labor tew, vowed 

term for stealing state secrets, 
was no explanation why he was 
paroled except for a Xinhua statement 
that he had shown “signs of repent- 

Mr. Patten said be was delighted 
about foe release. 

“His case has caused great anxiety 
and concern to his family , his colleagues 
and foe whole community/’ tbe gov- 
ernor said. “His release is very good 
news for Hong Kong.” 

if foe law was not scrapped. 

“If our demands arenotmet, we warn 
we will launch an all-out stoppage orig- 
inally planned for Feb. 18 earlier than 
that,’* Kwoa Young Kil wlda crowd in 
Seoul dial organizers estimated at 
200,000. The police put the number of 
protesters at 5 5,000- 
It was Mr. Kwon’s fast pobl ic ap- 
pearance since be emerged from sanc- 
mar y at aRnman CatfaoSc cathedral with 
six union deputies Friday after the au- 
thorities lifted threats to arrest them for 
organizing almost four weeks of strikes. 

‘Pres ident Kim Young Sam, bowing 
to domestic pressure and int e rn a t iogy 
rrhmigm, agreed test week to send m? 
law bade to Pariiamenrfor revision. But 
he insisted it would not be vesded. 

The unrecognized Korean Confeder- 
ation of Trade Unions is maintaining hs 
pressure cm the government wih one day 
of strikes each week, on Wednesdays. 

The demonstration Sunday in SeouTs 
financial center was organized by the 
confederation and foe officially sanc- 
tioned Federation of Korean Trade Uni- 
ons. A squad of workers carried red 
poles with billowing red banners — tra- 
ditional at Korean funerals — hearing 
the words “Democracy is Dead.” 

“Our cause is fttfireedom not Only 
for 12 million workers but for all of 
South Korea's 40 million people,” Mr. 

He accused foe government of squan- 
dering money tent to Hanbo Steel Corp., 
the country's second largest steel 
maker, which coSapsed from debt test 
week, instead of supporting embattled 
smaQ enterprises. i' 

Tbe law that set off foe strikes ma«ji it 
easier for companies to fay off waters 
and replace strikers. It also maintains a 
ban on Mr. Ewan's labor confederation 
me it the next cent u ry. Mri Kim has in- 
dicated be believes foe ten should be 
lifted, but it is not dear bow far he is 
prepared to rfompromise on other issues. 

On Saturday, a confederation official 
said the fight against foe law would go 
an. Chung SangHee said, “Our struggle 
will continue until the vkaous taw is 
made void and a new law is in place.” 
Tbe main opposition patty. National 
Congress for New Politics, meanwhile, 
said rt was prepared to debate foe tew in 
Parliament if the government apolo- 
gized for its secret passage on Dec. 26. 

Japan Is Sorry 
For Remark 
On Sex Slaves 

The Associated Pngs 

BEPPU, Japan— -Japan’s prime min- 
ister has apologized to South Korea's 
president for atop aide's suggestion Ihfli 
many Korean women became sex daves 

that foe Japanese miliiary ’s use of the 
women was justified by the mores of foe 
times. • 

The comments Friday by -Sefroku 
Kajiyama, Japan's chief government 
spokesman, were made tire day before a 
Japan-South Korea summit meeting in: 
tended to improve often edgy retenazu 
between the two countries. 

•; Prime Minister Rytitaro Haxhxmoto 
said at anews conference that /be had 
told President Kim Young Sam, * T am 
sorry if this remade caused joo dis- 
pleasure.” *•; 

Mr. Kim said it-was ‘^iegiettabln”foat 
Japanese politicians have : ^ 

mgffa ternaries 

cgzation of 

i — ■ — ■ — ' — t.. wjk 

ithat baffle tbemdesscroor 
iflg of the "Korean people, “ Mr. Kim 
said at the same news, conference. 

Perhaps 200,000 women from Asian 
countries. -were forced- into -sexual 
Slavery by tfae Japanese miKtar yrinrnig 
the war. Tokyo long insisted that foe 
women had to^ privatefy recruited; bat 

emnienr. had beoaOTa^e^^ " 

Mr. Kajiyama was quoted, tty Jap- 
anese news medte as saying that the 
Asian women sent to front-line brothels 


were no r 

titstes who were operating 

ly m 

Japanat foe tune.' ' - • ; 

‘Many of them went for the money. 

Mr. Kajiyama said. ‘ ‘Wbettfoey .went to 
the front, th^^mtiremQa^zmbemg 


. The prime minister repeated Japan’s 
apologies over the issue, and fold he 
hoped that foe women involved would 
accept $17,000 payments being offered 
to each one by a private Japanese fond. 

Most Korean, victims nave refitted 
the money, saying they wanted direct 
compe n sation from the Japanese gov- 
ernment. Seven Korean wtnyn 
ted the money earlier this l 
prompting a protest by Mr. Kim. 

Mr. Kim arrived Saturday in Beppu, ff 
hot springs resort city cm Japan’s south- 
island <rfKyushu.^rrtuniedh«ne. 


— — -Mi V- U W«* " 

Sunday after laving breakfast with Mr. 

They agreed to epoperate iu 
mg North Korea to jom -four-way talks 
on the future ctf foe Korean Fcmnsote- 
Tbe talks would include foe twoEoreas, 
the United States and China. 



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Czechs Suddenly Appreciate Their Moral Arbiter 

ti ■ ®y WUSam Drozdiak 

— " ashiit&oa p oa Senirv 

g||cgSs , 3S 

J'fP ant lunM > r from his lung, mor- 
tahty seemed to be the last thine on 

a ESf-i 1 *?** *“ s nurses wi*h 

a ^e1^^ 1! ^ S “~ lhen Smoked 
LS “ ibrat . W c'garene with the 
health minister. ~ 

It was the kind-of outrageous be- 

ter 7 pica, -° f «* S 5 i?£. 

adent playwright who has always 
displayed a taste for the absurd But 
nis countrymen did not treat his ill- 
ness as a joke. 

After years of taking him for 
granted, even agnostic Czechs have 

been crowding churches in recent 
weeks to pray- for Mr_ Have! ’s re- 
covery as they; awaken, to; the real- 
ize cm that his passing could leave a 
large, void in the leadership of their 
fledgling democracy. 

. “His influence is enormous, truth 
is nor easy to define,” said Michael 
Zamovsky, a close friend of the 
president's who is winding up his 
tour as ambassador to the United 
States. .‘‘His brush with dbath has 
scared many people because they 
suddenly realized how valuable he 
is as a. moral arbiter for our so- 
ciety.’* ' 

A staunch opponent of commun- 
ism who spent years in prison for his 
beliefs, Mr. Havel was swept into 
. the -presidency, of' a democratic 

‘Public Enemy No. I 9 Runs, 
Hard, for Qiechens’yotes 

fi By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Service 

TOLSTOY- YURT, Russia — 
The candidate was impeccable, his 
beard neatly trimmed, his tie 
notched tight at his throat, a hand- 
some hat of black mink on his head. 
Campaigning on the steps of the tiny 
town hall here, he wore a charcoal 
gray coat and spoke soothingly of 
stability, order and justice. 

_ “If someone wants to shoot off 
his weapon, if he can't live without 
this, he can go to a firing range and 
do it there,” he said gravely; look- 
ing every inch the statesman. 

But the candidate, a leading con- 
tender for president of Chechnya, 
was not exactly what he seemed. In 
Russia he is known as Public Enemy 
No. 1. 

The candidate is Shamil Basayev. 
32, a confessed airplane hijacker 
who two summers ago led one of die 
r^iore spectacular hostage-takings of 
wJ6 20th century — a raid on a sleepy 
southern Russian town . that . left 
more than 100 civilians dead. 

For this he became a camouflage- 
clad folk, hen) in separatist Chech- 
nya, a status he hopes to parlay into 
.foe presidency when Chechens vote 
Monday for die first time since they 
mauled the Russian Army last sum- 
mer and ended a brutal 21-month 

Mr. Basayev has stiff- competi- 
tion; another separatist leader, the 
former Chechen military chief 
Aslan Maskhadovi. is thought ter 

have the edge. But aft the main 
contendere agree on one thing: ef- 
fectively, Chechnya is already in- 
dependent, whether Moscow tikes it 
or not. 

That has caused much hand- 
wringing in the Kremlin, which, 
fearing further dismemberment of 
the ‘federation, refuses to recognize 
Chechen independence even though 
all signs of Russia's authority there 
; — police, army, government, courts 
— have been wiped away. 

The Russian government’s dis- 
pleasure has shown itself variously 
m recent weeks. Foreign Minister 
Yevgeni Primakov has groused that 
inteni^ona] funding for Chech- 
nya’s elections is somehow improp- 
er. The deputy security chief, Boris 
Berezovsky, has somewhat bizar- 
rely threatened to aim southern Rus- 
sian Cossacks, the Chechens’ his- 
torical enemies- • 

. Cooler heads in Moscow say the 
results of the poll in Chechnya will 
be recognized- But in private there is 
much worry, especially at the 
chance tif a Basayev victory. 

Like Mr. Basayev himself, whose 
elegant attire belies a temper so hot 
that explodes and stomps out of 
interviews -when questioners dis- 
please him. Chechnya’s^iansfonn- 
ation since peace came in August is 

Bearded men - draped with 
weapons and camouflage stroll the 
streets of the capital dty of Grozny 
and smaller towns. Thousands are 
homeless or orphaned, and health 

Czechoslovakia m the aftermath of 
the 1989 Velvet Revolution that 
blew away foe Soviet-installed re- 
gime. • 

He resigned three years later be- 
cause he did not concur with the 
division of the country into separate 
Czech and Slovak republics. But 
within months. Parliament elected 
him to a five-year term as president 
of the Czech Republic. • 

- Since then, be has served as the 
conscience of his country in its dif- 
ficult transition from decades: of 
co mmunist rule. He has vigilantly 
supported laws that ban former 
ranking members of the Communist 
Patty as well as the secret police and 

their collaborators from holding 
government positions until 2000. 

But Mr. Havel also has preached 
that the country must not be held 
hostage to its past. Soon after gening 
out of the hospital last month, he 
countered explosive charges that the 
nation’s domestic intelligence 
agency was spying on politicians 
and insisted that the police mast not 
be unfairly targeted as agents of 

Mr. Havel seems to have acquired 
even greater importance abroad than 
at home, as NATO prepares to ex- 
pand and Europe moves toward the 
creation of a single continental cur- 

With the Czech Republic primed 
to join the Western military alliance 
and the European Union, Mr. Havel 
has argued eloquently that Europe 

Oast tkadm/AgpKz Fnncc-Pieu* 

As one Chechen woman in Novye Atagi held an election poster 
Sunday of Aslan Maskhadov, another kissed the image. 

standards are atrocious. Grozny’s 
sprawling landscape of destruction 
is on a par with the atomic aftermath 
of Hiroshima and Na gasaki . 

But since foe last Russian troops 
left around Christmas, Grozny is no 
longer a shooting gallery at night 
Residents can sleep at night without 
worrying about whether the roof 
will be intact in the morning. 

There is even optimism that 
Chechnya’s elections may take 
place without violence. 

Yet independent or not Chech- 
nya remains a place of menace. One 
prominent politician, die former 
speaker of the Russian Parliament 
Ruslan Khasbulatov, decided not to 
run after his brother was kidnapped, 
presumably by his political oppo- 
nents, observers say. About 50 
people are being held for ransom. 

Toe cold-blooded killing of six 

foreign Red Cross workers in a cen- 
tral Chechen village last month was 
foe most appalling crime directed 
against foreigners, but by no means 
foe only one. Threats and kidnap- 
pings have been relatively common. 
Two television journalists from 
Moscow were kidnapped in mid- 
campaign, prompting the Chechen 
authorities to assign armed guards to 
protect TV news crews. 

More than 100 election observers 
arriving for foe fast-round voting 
Monday will also be under guard 
from foe moment they land in 
Grozny to the moment they leave. 
About 3.000 heavily armed men will 
be deployed by foe Chechen author- 
ities to guard against attempts to dis- 
rupt the polls. It will all be repeated in 
a second round of elections Feb. 10 if 
none of foe 16 presidential candi- 
dates clears 50 percent Monday. 

must seize foe moment to integrate 
its eastern and western regions. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Ger- 
many, after signing a reconciliation 
treaty with the Czechs last week, 
paid tribute to Mr. Havel’s moral 
vision as a quality sorely lacking 
among world leaders today. 

He'praised Mr. Havel as “a true 
friend” and said the accord — in 
which Germany expressed contri- 
tion far the Nazi occupation while 
foe Czechs apologized for foe ex- 
pulsion of Sudeten Germans after 
World War II — could not have 
been achieved without Mr. Havel's 
determination to banish all notions 
of collective guilt. 

In a speech last year in Aachen, 
Germany. Mr. Havel warned that 
too many of Europe's leaders had 
forgonen foe historical imperative 
behind the drive toward European 
unity, which he described as a vital 
mission “to give new meaning to 
Europe's very existence so foal it 
can rediscover its conscience and its 
responsibility in foe world.” 

“Europe can become the model 
for how different peoples work to- 
gether in peace without sacrificing 
any of their identity,” he continued. 
“The point is not to suppress na- 
tional consciousness, which is one 
of the dimensions of human identity, 
but rather to free human beings from 
foe bondage of ethnic collectivism 
— that source of all strife and en- 
slaver of human individuality.” 

Mr. Havel also warned Western 
leaders that any delay in embracing 
foe new democracies in Central and 
Eastern Europe would be a mistake 
that would be regarded by historians 
as a monumental display of political 

“Just as one half of a room cannot 
remain forever warm while the other 
half is cold,” he said, “it is equally 
unthinkable that two different 
Europes could forever live side by 
side without detriment to both. And 
foe more stable and prosperous one 
would pay foe higher price.” 

As a political figure at home. Mr. 
Havel has gradually been eclipsed in 
recent years by Prime Minister 
Vaclav Klaus, whose Draconian 
free -market program has required 
painful sacrifices, but has helped to 
restructure foe economy and place it 
on a sounder footing than other once 
communist countries. 

The two men have philosophical 
differences, which friends say may 
be rooted in foe paths they pursued 
during the communist era. While Mr. 
Havel founded Charter 77 and openly 
challenged foe authorities at personal 
risk, Mr. Klaus served as a loyal 
bureaucrat with the national bank. 


Patriarch in Belgrade Protest 

BELGRADE — The Orthodox patriarch of Serbia will 
lead a religious procession through Belgrade on Monday, 
heightening risks of confrontations between foe police 
and opposition protesters in u deepening political crisis. 

The traditionally pro-go vemment Orthodox clerics 
have taken sides with the opposition in its nine-week 
campaign against election fraud. On Monday. Patriarch 
Pavle will lead his flock along Koiarceva Street, now 
blocked by a standoff between students and riot police, to 
St. Sava Cathedral. (Reuters I 

Italian Farmers Ease Standoff ■ 

ROME — Italian farmers eased their 10-dav protest in 
Milan against huge European Union fines for overpro- 
duction of milk that has brought chaos to the city's main 
Linate airport, but vowed to fight on until 'heir demands 
were met. 

Farmers agreed Saturday to free a stretch of one of the 
main roads until Monday, when they hope to have a 
government response to their demands. (Reuters) 

Scientology Turns to Rights Unit 

LOS ANGELES — The Church of Scientology has 
filed an application with the European Commission of i 
Human Rights accusing the German government of dis- 
criminating against its members. 

The Church of Scientology International said the ap- 
plication. filed Friday, was unprecedented in that foe 
church was bypassing German courts- (Reuters) 

Turkey Faults German Judge 

ANKARA — Turkey said over the weekend that ii 
would sue a German judge who accused Foreign Minister 
Tansu Ciller and ofoer'eabinet members of" protecting 
heroin smugglers, unless he apologizes or releases ev- 
idence supporting his claim. 

A Frankfurt trial judge. Rolf Schwalbe, had said 
Tuesday that heroin traff :c between Turkey and Western 
Europe was controlled by two Istanbul families that had 
“excellent relations” with the Turkish government and 
“personal contacts” with Mrs. Ciller, a former prime 
minister. (AFP) 

The EU This Week: 

International Herald Trihnne 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• EU finance ministers meet in Brussels. A key issue 
will be whether France renews its call for a council of 
ministers of countries adopting the single currency. 

• Separately, the Dutch EU presidency will seek to 
resolve a long deadlock over reducing the level of EU 
guarantees for lending by foe European Investment Bank 
to non-EU countries. 

• Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany meets in Bonn | 
on Thursday with Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar of 
Spain, who is expected to press his case for including Spain 
in the first group of countries adopting foe Euro in 1999. 

• Prime Minister Romano Prodi of Italy meets Prime 
Minister John Major of Britain in London on Friday. A 
key issue will b«* whether Mr. Prodi backs Mr. Major’s 
opposition to French-German proposals for flexible in- 
tegration among fewer than 15 EU countries. 

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Humanitarian Disaster 
Brews in Eastern Zaire 

Foreign Involvement Raises Fears of War 

By Lynne Duke 

WaMiigttm Post Service 

KINSHASA, Zaire — - As Zaire 
presses its battle to regain rebel-held 
territory, relief workers say the eastern 
region of the country is primed for a 
humanitarian catastrophe, and diplo- 
mats say they fear an even wider con- 
flict could break out because of foreign 
involvement in the war. 

The Kivu region of eastern Zaire, 
which borders on Rwanda. Burundi and 
Uganda, is awash with refugees, troops, 
rebels and mercenaries in an explosive 
cocktail that, if ignited, could deepen 
the chaos of Africa's third-largest Coun- 

Displaced by fighting between Zairi- 
an troops and a foreign -assisted rebel 
force, several hundred thousand Zairi- 
ans are homeless in the region. Their 
number adds to the 200,000 Rwandan 
refugees — the remnants of a larger 
group that returned to Rwanda last year 
— whom relief agencies recently have 
found in barely accessible jungles. 

The Rwandan refugees and displaced 
Zairians are either in camps or adrift in a 
region where Zaire's armed forces last 
week began a counteroffensive to regain 
key towns from the rebels, who seized a 
300-mile-long swath of border territory 
in fighting that began late last year. 

HI -disciplined Zairian troops under 
newly appointed commanders are being 
assisted by foreign troops and mercen- 
aries. according to diplomats and aid 

On the rebels’ side, fighrers were 
trained by Rwanda, and Rwandan 
troops fought with the rebels last year in 
the early days of the war. Ugandan 
troops also entered Zaire recently in a 
region where rebels were attempting to 
seize territory. 

The extent of foreign support for the 
rebels is unclear. But earlier this month, 
Daniel Simpson, the U.S. ambassador to 
Zaire said. “Zaire has been attacked by 
Uganda and Rwanda." 

Diplomats are worried that the fight- 
ing could touch off a multilateral war. 

"The common concern of the dip- 
lomatic community is the fact that this 
war can reach a point where involve- 
ment of foreign countries can blow up 
everything," a French diplomat said. 

The stakes for the region are high, but 
especially so for Zaire, with a pop- 
ulation of 45 million and a land mass 
one-third the size of the United States.. 
Entering the seventh year of a rocky 
transition from one-party state to demo- 

cracy, Zaire is to hold its first demo- 
cratic elections later this year. 

But elections may not be possible if 
the nation is at war, and if Zaire asserts 
its right to retake the areas the rebels 
now are holding. Another factor is the ill 
health of Zaire's long-time autocrat. 
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko, who has 
been abroad for almost all of the last five 

One diplomat here described 1997 as 
a "make or break" year for Zaire that 
will determine whether h slides deeper 
into chaos or turns a comer toward 

Zairians trace the crisis to 1994, when 
1 . i million Rwandan refugees streamed 
into the country following genocide in 
their homeland. Camps established on 
Zairian soil for the refugees soon be- 
came launching pads for raids against a 
new government in Rwanda. Last Oc- 
tober, Zairian rebels backed by Rwanda 
began attacking Zairian towns and men- 
acing the refugee camps. 

Hundreds of thousands of people liv- 
ing in refugee camps and towns near the 
fighting were scattered and set adrift 
The refugee crisis was defused by the 
return of about 600,000 to Rwanda in 

Although United Nations officials es- 
timated that 500,000 refugees were ma- 
rooned in Zaire, the Rwandan repat- 
riation took the steam out of a planned 
international peace force that was to 
move into eastern Zaire to ease the 

The peace mission was aborted, and 
Zairian officials say the current war has 
its roots in that decision. Zaire's foreign 
minister. Gerard Kamanda wa Kaman- 
da, criticized the international commu- 
nity for backing away from the peace 

He attributed the decision to discrep- 
ancies between “the reality on the 
ground" and reports filed to die United 
Nations by its representatives in Zaire, 
according to a statement from Mr. 
Kamanda's office. 

Mr. Kamanda declined to be inter- 
viewed on the war, and the government 
banned most foreign journalists from 
traveling to the main eastern base camp 
at Kisangani. 

The government claimed to be re- 
taking the town of Walikaie, southeast 
of Kisangani, and fighting is reported to 
have broken out around die town of 
Amisi, which has about 40.000 

The refugees include many women 
and children, but are widely believed to 

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General Jose Rivas Rodriguez of the Peruvian police being wheeled away from the Japanese residence. 


Peru Rebels Free Ailing Hostage 

LIMA — Leftist rebels heed a police general from among 
their dozens of hostages Sunday for medical. reasons. 

Police General Jose Rivas Rodriquez was wheeled out of 
the Japanese ambassador's residence on a stretcher shortly 
before 1 A.M. His release leaves 72 captives in the hands of 
the rebels. (AP ) 

Sudan Attacks a Rebel Base 

KHARTOUM — Sudan said Sunday that it had attacked 
a rebel base near the southern border with Uganda, opening 
another front in the war against rebels trying to overthrow 
the Islamist government. 

Rebels arid the government have previously repotted 
clashes in the east, near die Ethiopian and Eritrean borders. 

State television quoted the information minister, Tayeb 
Ibrahim Mohammed Khair, as saying the armed forces had 
killed several rebels and routed others in fighting that took 
place at Lokia, an area near the town of Torit about 75 
kilometers from the Uganda border. (Reuters) 

Cyclone Kills 6 in Madagascar 

ANTANANARIVO, Madagascar — A cyclone that tore 
through this Indian Ocean island nation and killed at least 
six people, the government said Sunday. 

Another 100 are missing and 30,000 are homeless. 

State radio earlier said the death toll was 15 and initial 
reports said it was as high as 1 18. Communications with the 
affected areas was poor, complicating efforts, to get ac- 
curate casualty figures. 

The cyclone, designated Gretelie, struck the island of 1 3 
milli on people from the southeast on Saturday morning, 
officials said. High winds created severe flooding that 
destroyed several cities and damaged many otters, stare 
radio said. (AP) 

OAS Assails Mexico for Jailing 

MEXICO CITY — Leaving a black mark on Mexico’s 
human-rights record, a panel of the Organization of Amer- 
ican States has condemned the government for jailing a 
general who publicly criticized the armed forces. 

The panel, the Inter-American Commission on Human 
Rights, has called for the immediate release of Brigadier 
General Jose Francisco Gallardo Rodriguez, 50, who has 
been in a military prison since November 1993. ' 

General Gallardo argued that he had been imprisoned 
after writing an essay that detailed several crimes com- 
mitted by Mexican troops and urged the creation of an 
ombudsman to hear complaints. 

This is die first time the commission has ruled Mexico in 
violation of individual civil rights, Mexican officials and 
human-rights activists said. The panel has previously cen- 
sured Mexico for electoral fraud. (NYT) 

also include some perpetrators of the 
Rwandan genocide. They are reportedly 
scratching out a malarial, malnourished 
existence in areas that are receiving 
minimal emergency food and medical 
aid from international relief agencies. 

Delivery of relief supplies is 
hampered by security concerns, as well 
as the refugee camps’ inaccessibility. 
Roads often are too rough to ride and too 

narrow for any but the smallest aircraft 
to land. 

Refugees International on Friday 
called far an international mission to 
move roughly 40,000 refugees from the 
town of Shabunda, south of Walikaie, 
where provisions have run perilously 

Aid there must be flown onto a grassy 
airstrip, bicycled to a river, canoed 

across, bicycled again, and finally car- 
ried on the backs of refugees to their 
camps in the jungle, said Lionel Rosen- 
blatt. president of the refugee organi- 
zation, which sent a field worker to the 

An addi tonal 120,000 refugees are 
being offered emergency relief at TingL- 
Tingi, midway between Kisangani and 

Algiers Rally 
Is Peaceful 
As Marchers 
Seek Dialogue 


. PARIS — Algerian security forces 
muted an opposition rally Sunday that 
had been.- called to demand dialogue 
with Islamists and an end to bloodshed 
in the North African country. 

The opposition had threatened to defy 
a government ban bn street protests. 
Instead, the demonstrators avoided con- 
frontation,' marching peacefully and 
layrng a wreath near the site of a car 
bomb that killed 42 people last week. 

Witnesses said the authorities drew a 
security belt in and around the Belcoun 
district in central Algiers where the rally 
and wreath-laying was expected to take 
place. They cordoned off the area, 
blocking traffic with the aim of pre- 
venting protesters from reaching the 
bombing site, they said. 

Hundreds of people, led by oppo- 
sition leaders and human-rights activ- 
ists, took part in the march, one pa ff 
ticipant reported by telephone. 

Residents reported no arrests or in- 
cidents during the march, organized by 
the Signatories of Peace Call — a group 
of politicians represeniating several op- 
position parties, including the main sec- 
ular opposition Socialist Forces Front, 
as well as prominent writers, intellec- 
tuals and former ministers. 

The Pfeace Call group wants a dia- 
logue established between the oppo- 
sition, including moderate leaders of the 
banned Islamic Salvation Front, and the 
government to end the civil strife that 
has killed more than 60,000 people 
since 1992. 

In a speech Friday. President Liamine 
Zeroual assailed the country's legal op- 
position for having a hidden agenda of 
surrendering Algeria to Muslim guer- 
rillas who reportedly have killed more 
than 250 people this month. 

He also attacked the legal opposition 
for hiding behind "the calls for peace." 

He said they were “an invitation to jjj; 
Algerian people to resign themselvesHO 
assassination, destruction and hege- 

The government also ordered inde- 
. pendent newspapers on Saturday not to 
- play into the hands of "terrorist pro- 

Algerian authorities have draconian 
powers over the press, but independent 
papers have walked a tightrope in giving 
details of killings, uncleared by die au- 
thorities, who until recently have re- 
peatedly said dial only "residual ter- 
rorism", remained. 

HONG KONG: Colony Being Reintegrated Before the Handover 


At Eosss im 

Recipes Inspired by Her Farmhouse in Frdflce 

For the past thirteen yeai&::-- A 

- Patricia Wells bas been canytagon.a : 

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In a cookbook dial captures the soulof 
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award-whining journalist and author 
Invites readers to share the passion, 
the lay, and. best of an. the cooldng of 
her adopted home. _ - ' E 

Provence Is uniquely blessed with 

- natural beauty as well as some ofthe 
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of this quintessential Frencb country- - 
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Here are 175 recipes from ' 
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Patricia Wells has hved In France 
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Hardback. 384 pages. 75 four-color photographs. and Patricia Wells’ Trattoria. 

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Recipes Inspired by Her Farmhouse in France 

Photographs by Robert Fr£sqk 

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Continued from Page 1 

Siii, a professor at Hong Kong Uni- 
versity ’s Center For Economic Research. 
"You ask people how they feel about 
1997, and tihiey say we’ve been dealing 
with China for the past 10 years. So 1997 
is just symbolic — a change of flags." 

China's ubiquitous business presence 
in Hong Kong is a barely visible fact of 
life. The amount is difficult to quantify, 
but estimates of Chinese investment 
here range from $25 billion to $45 bil- 
lion. Thomas Chan of the China Busi- 
ness Center maintains that more than 
10,000 companies operate in Hong 
Kong with Chinese capital. 

Chinese enterprises doing business 
here fall into three categories — of- 
fici ally regi stered companies that are reg- 
ulated by Beijing, subsidiaries that have 
approval to operate from their parent 
company or their provincial authorities 
and, most difficult to gauge, unofficial or 
illegal concerns that Mr. Chan estimates 
could number "a few thousand" 

"It’s really hand to calculate because 
some black money has been transferred 
to Hong Kong,” said Patrick Chi a. head 
of research at China Everbright Secu- 
rities, adding: "Some people may just be 
carrying a lot of cash into Hong Kong." 

From the vast scale of Chinese in- 
vestment, it appears that virtually every 
entity in China — from die smallest 
southern fishing village to the most 
powerful ministry — wants a piece of 
Hong Kong's economic boom. Almost 
every Chinese provincial government 
has a company here. The army is thought 
to be the largest investor in Hong Kong; 
a large number of the estimated 20.000 
companies under its control and world- 
wide are believed to be in Hong Kcng. 

But the mainlandization of Hong 
Kong is not felt only in the economic 
sphere. In virtually every other aspect of 
life — from what is taught in schools to 
the programs on radio and television to 
the pictures on coins and currency — 
Hong Kong is in many ways already a 
Chinese-run, Chinese-dominated city. 

At the government-funded Hong 
Kong Arts Development Council, 

community, we see that artists are using 
Chinese more as their preferred medium 
of expression.” 

At the government-run Radio-Tele- 
vision Hong Kong, plans are under way 
to begin Hong Kong's first television 
channel totally in Mandarin- Chinese, 
the official language of China. Hong 
Kong Chinese speak Cantonese, a com- 
pletely different dialect, but Peter Sbiu. 
assistant director of radio programming, 
said a Mandarin channel was needed 
because of die influx of people from 
China and the growth in the number of 
local people learning Mandarin. 

Even some venerable British institu- 

tions are changing. Members of the Roy- 
al Hong Kong Yacht Club refused to drop 
“royal” from its name. But the club has 
invited Beijing’s top naval officer iin 
Hong Kong to take the ceremonial po- 
sition of rear commodore, while Pres- 
ident Jiang Zemin is being asked to re- 
place Queen Elizabeth II as club pairou 
Tourism, a staple of Hong Kong s 
booming economy, also shows signs of 
mainlandization. According to Hong 
Kong Tourist Association statistics, the 
23 million Chinese visitors last year 
accounted for 19.7 percent of all tour- 
ists, ranking them just behind Japanese 
as the largest group of visitors. 

COLONY? EU Keeps Quiet Amid the Fuss 

Continued from Page 1 

agreeing in 1984 to hand the colony 
back to China. 

He said that Britain’s expression of 
"serious concern” over Chinese threats 
to civil liberties would not change any- 
thing and was intended mainly “to 
show history that die British had done 
all they could to leave behind a demo- 
cratic system.” 

Some analysts added that it would also 
ease the re-entry of the Hong Kong gov- 
ernor. Chris Patten, into British politics. 

The source of the friction was the 
move by China just over a week ago. 
Igniting a storm of protest by demo- 
cracy groups in Hong Kong, China said 
it needed to amend legislation that' Bri- 
tain had introduced without consulting 

staffers recently were told that internal 
memos must be written only in Chinese. 

“We should recognize now that the 
official language is going to be 
Chinese.” said Katherine Hall, the 
council's secretary-general. “In the arts 

A Beijing-appointed panel has pro- 
posed reinstating old- colonial laws that 
give the police tight control over protests 
and dilute the Bill of Rights, removing 
its supremacy over other laws- 

The United States added its voice to 
the British protest largely for domestic 
and its own political reasons rather than 
out of deep conviction to help Mr. Pat- 
ten, according to Eugene Cooper, an 
expert' on the future of Hong Kong and 
on U.S.-Chinese relations at the Uni- 
versity of Southern CaJifomia. 

He- described the U.S. protest as an 
“in your face”, message that Wash- 
ington was carcfiihy watching Beijing's 
actions. The real issued somewhere in 
the future, he said, was Taiwan. 

'‘The United States is going to con- 

tinue to ride China on the issue of human 
rights." Mr. Cooper said. "The key is 
knowing whether China can make one 
system work in two countries. The 
Chinese have to show good faith in 
Hong Kong before persuading the 
United States that they could also make 
it work in Taiwan.” 

Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright cautioned that she would "tell it 
like it is on human rights and Hong 
Kong” at every opportunity. But she 
stressed the overrid mg importance of 
America's "multifaceted relationship" 
with China, which she said should not 
be held "hostage to one issue.” 

Mr. Cooper said that recent Chir^-e 
assertiveness on human-rights issues 
underpinned the U.S. position. 

“We are saying, 'You guys think you 
are playing tough, and so we will line up 
with the Brits.' ” Mr. Cooper said. 

It is a message that "we are still here 
and we are watching you." he added. 
But it does not fundamentally question 
the nature or the importance of the over- 
all relationship with China. 

In Europe, the prevailing view, match- 
ing that of Hong Kong business leaders 
who have sided with Beijing, is that the 
colony's interests will best be served by a 
successful economic transition. 

The colony is the EU ’s seventh most 
important trading partner, with bilateral 
trade of more than 21 billion Ecus 
($17 J billion), including a trade surplus 
of eight billion Ecus for the Union in 
1995. Also, two thirds of EU-China 
trade and investment is estimated to 
pass through the colony. 

Jeane Dixon, Psychic and Columnist, Is Dead at 79 


WASHINGTON — Jeane Dixon, the 
noted psychic and astrologer, died Sat- 
urday of a heart attack shortly after 
arriving at a Washington hospital. She 
was 79. 

Mix. Dixon, whose daily 4 4 Horoscope 
and Predictions 4 ’ column was read by 
millions, was also the president of a real 
estate company with her husband, 
James Dixon. 

An adviser to many famous clients, 
including at one lime Nancy Reagan. 
Mis. Dixon achieved national promi- 

nence with her prediction that President 
John Kennedy would die iii office. She 
was the author of at least seven books, 
including an astrological cookbook and 
a horoscope book for dogs. She was a 
leading exponent of extrasensory- per- 
ception, as well as a prominent Wash- 
ington .socialite. 

Manuel Tunon de Lara, 81, 
Leading Spanish Historian 
BILBAO. Spain (AFP) — Manuel 
Tunon de Lara, 8 1 . one of Spain's lead- . 
ing contemporary historians, died Sat- 

uiday at his home at Leioa. near here 
Bom in Madrid. Mr. Tunon de Lara! 
who had joined the Communist Yomr* 
movement, was persecuted after fife 
civil war by the Franco regime, which 
put him in a concentration camp. He 
emigrated to France in 1946. 

_ Successively professor of history and 
Spanish literature at the Sorbonne in 
Pans and at the University of Puu. in 
southern France, he was allowed to*re- 
tum to Spam in 1973. He was the author 

•Sf TJJS dealin S with Spain 

in the 1 9th and 20th centuries. 

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Vision for the UN 

Kofi Annan, the new secretary -gen- 
eral of the United Nations, came to 
Washington last week in response to 
two invitations. One was from Pres- 
ident BLU Clinton, who pledged to pay 
up U.S. arrears promptly and in full 
and suggested that Mr. Kofi work on 
UN reform with Senator Jesse Helms, 
who is holding the money hostage. The 
other came from Mr. Helms himself, 
with whom Mr. Annan set about seek- 
ing a common program of reform in a 
climate considerably warmer than 
those looking for tension between 
them had anticipated. 

The procedure is unorthodox and. as 
Mr. Annan noted, cannot commit him 
to dealing with 1 85 member countries' 
parliaments. But the painful stalemate 
wrought on this issue by divided gov- 
ernment in Washington compelled a 
new approach. 

Mr. Helms and his Senate support- 
ers appear to have the votes to enforce 
his United Nations strategy, which is to 
set unspecified “benchmarks'’ of re- 
form and to release a slice of the money 
as each one is reached. This is playing 
hardball, but it is hardball of a sort 
familiar in these dealings. Up to a 
point, it is bound to strengthen the hand 
of reformers. 

The key element, however, is not 
the ardor of the reformers. It is the 
vision of the United Nations that re- 
form is meant to serve. 

People commonly speak of reform 
as involving painful but conceivably 
salutary downsizing of a swollen bu- 

reaucracy that long ago slipped the 
control of its ostensible masters, the 
world body's members. Here it is nec- 
essary to parse Mr. Helms’s own pub- 
lished thoughts. 

He sees the United Nations not 
simply as bloated but as encroaching 
dangerously and purposefully on the 
sovereignty of member nations. His 
favored remedy is to cut the bureau- 
cracy by half and Che Secretariat’s 
budget by, yes. 75 percent, and oth- 
erwise to let members pay just for the 
items they choose — diplomacy A la 
carte. Reform yourself in this fashion, 
he advises the United Nations in an 
ultimatum, or die. 

In fact, to reform in this fashion is 
what most people already would con- 
sider death. 

But let us not jump to dire con- 
clusions. Mr. Helms offered these 
thoughts in a moment of angry pursuit 
of Mr. Annan's predecessor. Boutros 
Boutros Ghali. 

Mr. Annan takes office not only with 
a sharp mind, a nice touch and a sense 
of political realism, but also with an 
appreciation of the services that a re- 
formed United Nations can perform 
for all its members in development, 
the easing of conflicts, peacekeeping 
and other areas. 

Surely President Clinton did not 
wave Secretary-General Annan down 
to the Capitol in order to sign up the 
two parties and the two political 
branches to sink the United Nations. 


NATO Helps Europe 

NATO’s proposed expansion east- 
ward has stirred debate, particularly 
with regard to the impact on the West's 
relations with Russia. But the rein- 
tegration of traditional Central Euro- 
pean democracies into European or- 
ganizations is not only about Russia. 
It is also a way ro promote stability 
and encourage democratization with- 
in and among nations, as two devel- 
opments during the past week have 
helped demonstrate. 

The first, and most significant, 
was the historic signing of a recon- 
ciliation pact between Germany and 
die Czech Republic. 

Officials from the two nations had 
negotiated for a year and a half, search- 
ing for a way to acknowledge past 
wrongs and move forward in their re- 
lationship. It was not easy. 

Czechs have not forgotten, nor 
should they forget, how Nazi Germany 
moved into their nation beginning in 
1938 and brutally occupied zt until the 
Allied victory in 1945. Many Germans 
Remain bitter at the postwar expulsion 
{of ethnic Germans from Czechoslov- 
akia, a far lesser crime than the Nazis', 
fto be sure, but a crime nonetheless, 
r In the pact signed last Tuesday, the 
■fwo nations agreed that “injustice in- 
flicted in the past cannot be undone 
but at best alleviated, and that in do- 
ing so no new injustice must arise." 
Both nations admitted their culpabil- 
ity. in suitably calibrated language, 




and pledged to work toward future 
friendly relations. 

Both sides had to give way. Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl angered a long- 
loyal constituency, the expelled Ger- 
mans and their offspring, by not press- 
ing for compensation. In the Czech 
Republic, critics on both left and right 
'attacked Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus 
for befriending the former conqueror. 
But solid majorities in both countries 
appear to favor the pact. 

Many factors played a role in the 
negotiations, but NATO enlargement 
was certainly significant among them. 
The Czechs know that no one will get 
into NATO without resolving all bor- 
der disputes and other historical dis- 
agreements with neighbors. With the 
signing of this agreement, Germany 
now is committed to strongly support 
Czech accession. 

Similar considerations prodded Ro- 
mania and Hungary to sign a good- 
neighbor pact not lone ago. over- 
coming long-standing suspicions and 

And in Poland last week, the desire 
to enter NATO helped resolve a dis- 
pute in which army generals were re- 
sisting civilian control of the military. 

It is important that Russia not feel 
excluded from Europe. But it is also 
important to recall, as the NATO de- 
bate proceeds, that Russia is not the 
only issue. 


Canada and Cuba 

r The trip to Cuba last week by 
panada's foreign minister. Lloyd Ax- 
iworthy, was meant to send a strong 
{message of protest to Washington 
about the overreaching Helms-Burton 
law. That misguided effort to punish 
foreign companies that invest in Cuba 
has already led to Canadian execu- 
tives being barred from U.S. soil; if 
■fully enforced, the Law could inundate 
{Canadian businesses with scores of 
costly lawsuits. 

{ Unfortunately, Mr. Axworthy failed 
to deliver an equally strong protest 
against the human rights abuses of his 
Cuban hosts. 

C a n a d a is now Cuba's largest for- 
eign investor, and Mr. Axworthy is 
Ottawa’s highest-level visitor to 
Havana in more than 20 years. 

Americans cannot reasonably object 
to his making such a visit. Diplomats 
from democracies, including Americ- 
an secretaries of state, visit dictator- 
ships all the time. But such an im- 
portant visitor should have insisted on 
the need to release political prisoners 
and expand individual liberties in the 
Western Hemisphere’s most repress- 
ive dictatorship. 

• Mr. Axworthy reports that he did 
raise human rights issues in iris private 
meetings with Cuban leaders. Also. 
Canada provides funds to independent 

Cuban groups that campaign for en- 
vironmentally sensitive development 
and homosexual rights. But on die 
most pressing issue, encouraging 
democratic change, Canada is doing 
less than it should. 

Ottawa ought to follow the example 
of the European Union, which recently 
decided ro link any strengthening of its 
economic ties with Cuba to an ex- 
pansion of the human and political 
rights of the Cuban people. 

Fidel Castro’s dictatorial rule and 
market-stifling economic policies 
have stunted Cuba for so long thar it 
has become hard to imagine signifi can t 
change. But Mr. Castro’s advancing 
years and the economic crisis pro- 
voked by the end of Soviet subsidies 
make transition inevitable. It is in the 
interest of the United States, Canada 
and Cuba that change, when it comes, 
be peaceful and democratic. 

By locking itself into a failed policy 
of rigid economic isolation, Washing- 
ton deprives itself of the influence it 
should have as Cuba's most important 
neighbor and the home to the world’s 
largest overseas Cuban community. 
Canada makes tile opposite mistake. By 
not using its economic influence to press 
for political change, it forfeits its op- 
portunity to exert a positive influence. 






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Toward a Major International Role for the Yen 

T OKYO — The international roles 
of the yen and of Japan as a fi- 
nancial center are mi the point of a 
major breakthrough. 

That may seem strange to say when 
the yen is at its lowest level in four 
years. Japan’s financial institutions are 
on their knees and the country is sunk in 
gloom. But these immediate problems 
will become longer-term advantages. 

Even if the Big Bang promised for 
tire Japanese financial system in 2001 
fizzles, the role of the yen will develop 
dramatically, driven by external as 
much as domestic forces. 

Asian countries have, to varying de- 
grees. long linked their currencies to 
the dollar. That was fine while America 
was their major trading partner and 
source of investment. After 1985, when 
the relative U.S. position in Asian trade 
began to wane, a link to a seemingly 
ever declining dollar provided a com- 
petitive advantage in international mar- 
kets. and attracted a flood of Japanese 
investment into low-cost manufactur- 
ing locations. Southeast Asia and lat- 
terly China were the beneficiaries. 

However, now that the yea has fallen 
by almost half from its 1995 peak of 80 
to the dollar, countries with closely 
linked currencies are suffering. Export 
growth has fallen drastically, and Jap- 
anese manufacturing investment in 

By Philip Bowrtng 

Asia threatens to do the same once 
projects conceived during the era of the 
super-strong yen are completed. * 

South Korea has already shifted to a 
policy of linking its won more closely 
to the yen than to the dollar. 

Thailand would Eke to do likewise 
but is inhibited by the domestic political 
implications of cutting the dollar link, 
as well as by the losses that would be 
sust ained by Thai companies that have 
borrowed heavily in dollars assuming 
that there was little exchange risk. 

Elsewhere in Asia, central banks are 
moving to more flexible exchange 
policies, widening fluctuation bands 
and increasing yen weights in currency 
baskets to reflect trade patterns. 

Meanwhile, a weak yen, surprisingly 
low Japanese interest rates and foe 
prospect of closer future links are be- 
ginning to make Asian companies, 
once terrified of an ever rising yea. 
interested in borrowing yen. Asian cen- 
tral banks are looking to increase the 
proportion of yen assets in their re- 
serves to reflect changing currency 
linkages and trade patterns. 

At present, yen reserves are only 
about 7 percent of the global totaL 
Japan, once fearful that international- 

ization would mean. loss of monetary 
controL is keen to now encourage it. 
Links with other Asian central banks 
seeking to enhance currency stabiliz- 
ation bave been formalized. 

The Bank of Japan is likely to issue 

tens of billions of dollars on us pur- 
chases of U.S. and other foreign debt- 
It makes absolute sense for the Jap- 
anese to lend in yen, preferably to the 
countries with which it has the closest 
trade and investment links. Tune isnni*- 

iuc Dim ui joinu u ukiv lu imia. — — _ ■ , . , ■ ■ i 

new short-term paper and simplify pro- nfog out s surplus^ 
cedures fix' central banks to hold yen. as the population agesj^ as service 
With European monetary union, the yen industries replace roanuraciurtiig. 

will be Europe’s only significant re- 
serve currency alternative to the dollar. 

Greater yen use in trade would re- 
duce die problems of currency instabil- 
ity not only for Japan bur also fra: its 
Asian trading partners. Japan is the 
major import source for most Asian 
countries, yet only 36 percent of Ja- 
pan's exports are yen denominated, and 
only 25 percent of its imports. 

This is likely to chan ge as Japan 
imports more from its own factories in 
Asia, but removal of artificial barriers 
to yen use will help. 

Even more important from a Jap- 
anese perspective is die need to see 
more of its huge overseas assets de- 
nominated either in yen or in a currency 
drat moves more in line with the yen 
rhan does the dollar. 

Japan is currently in the unwise po- 
sition of being by far the world’s largest 
creditor but with its foreign assets 
mostly denominated in the currency of 
the largest debtor. It has book losses of 

To ft*™* , yen-based lending has been 
small because of Japp’s timidity to- 
ward a suspicious outside worid and foe 
incompetence of its insular and oli- 
gopolistic financial institutions. But 
c hang e is on the way. 

Japanese know that the old system 
no longer wotks. A new financial sector 
will emerge, with foreign exchange 
totally liberalized, with taxes changed 
to enable inward and outward capital 
flows, and with debt securities taking 
theplace of bank intermediation. 

The changes wifl provide die mech- 
anisms by which Japan’s industrial 
rrpgh * and savings surpluses are trans- 
formed into financial power that will 
benefit Japan’s savers and Asian neigh- 
bors, whose demand fra closer finks to 
die yen will help drive die process. 

If there is a loser, it may be the U.S. 
assumption that demand for dollars is so 
limfttess that America’s deficits always 
become someone rise’s discipline. 

International Herald Tribune. 

The United States and Japan Could Calm Asian Worries 

T OKYO — There has been 
much misunderstanding in 
.Asia, especially in China, about 
the changes being made in the 
U.S - Japanese alliance, which 
Washington took the initiative 
to revitalize. This led to the 
Joint Declaration on Security 
signed by Prime Minister Ryu- 
taro Hashimoto and President 
Bill Clinton last April. . 

hi the joint declaration, the 
United States reassured East 
Asian countries of its security 
commitment, while Japan 
made clear that it would review 
bilateral defense cooperation 
guidelines drawn up in 1978 so 
that it could build a closer 
working relationship with the 
United States and play certain 
security roles outside Japan. 
From Washington’s point of 

By Shinichi Ogawa 

view, to ensure that security 
ties with Japan continued, the 
long-standing imbalance in 
military roles had to be cor- 
rected; there bad been increas- 
ing criticism of Japan for not 
shouldering adequate defense 

But the declaration sugges- 
ted that the scope of the al- 
liance was being expanded and 
focused more on regional sta- 
bility. Until then it was inter- 
preted to cover the region 
called the “Far East.” The 
declaration referred instead to 
the "Asia-Pacific region.” 

Reactions to these changes 
have varied. Beijing suspects 
that the expansion is intended 
to contain China. It has ex- 

pressed concern that a stronger 
military role for Japan in the 
alliance may lead to it becom- 
ing a military power. 

South Korea agrees that the 
expansion of the alliance will 
contribute to stability on the 
Korean Peninsula, but South 
Koreans remain cautious about 
Japan’s military role. 

Australia and members of 
the Association of South East 
Asian Nations generally re- 
acted favorably, seeing it as a 
stabilizing development and a 
reaffirmation of foe U.S. mil- 
itary presence in the region. 
But ASEAN countries are sen- 
sitive to China's reaction. 

To allay Asian concerns, Ja- 
pan and the United States 

should have closer consulta- 
tion with countries in toe re- 
gion as they review toe actual 
working of their alliance part- 
nership, so that there are no 
unnecessary apprehensions or 

■ It is very important for 
Tokyo and Washington not to 
give China a false impr ess i on 
that toe alliance is being ad- 
justed to contain growing 
Chinese power. Instead, toe al- 
liance needs to be mamged in a 
way that shows that it Is norl- 

and stability in the region. 

And the United Stares. Japan 
and other East Asian countries 
should intensify moves to in- 
tegrate China into a web of 
international arrangements that 
help to develop the Chinese 

economy. This may strengthen 
China ’s military power, but 
economic growth will also pro- 
mote democratization. 

The political evolution of 
Taiwan and South Korea at- 
tests to toe fact that toe tidier a 
country, toe freer it becomes. 
There is a correlation between 
wealth and democratization. 

Since history shows that 
democracies seldom fight each 
other, a reasonably democr ati c 
China is likely to be moderate 
and cooperative in its relations 
with its neighbors.' 

The writer, a senior re- 
searcher at the National In- 
stitute for Defense Studies in 
Tokyo , contributed this per- 
sonal comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 

An Excess of U.S. Chores Between Israelis and Palestinians 

ever U.S. special envoy 
Dennis Ross would accompany 
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat ' 
and Israeli Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu to meetings at 
the Erez checkpoint, an Israeli 
officer there used to pull Mr. 
Ross aside and whisper, “You 
have to make this weak.” 

When Israeli and Palestinian 
negotiators got into a dispute 
over Sbuhadah Road, a key 
street that bisected Hebron and 
ran right in front of toe Jewish 
settlers there, they decided to 
compromise by widening it, to 
keep everyone farther apart But 
because neither side trusted toe 
other. Aaron Miller, Mr. Ross’s 
deputy, was asked to go down 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

with a tape measure and, while 
Israelis and Palestinians looked 
on, measure the street and pro- 
duce a plan for a just and lasting 
widening of Sbuhadah Road. 

Never before has an Israeli 
government let toe United 
States get this deep into an Is- 
raeli-PaJestinian negotiation. 
No issue was too small for U.S. 
mediation. That is both good 
news and really scary. 

Not only were U.S. medi- 
ators measuring the sidewalks 
in Hebron, but. more important, 
they became the instrument 
through which Israelis, and to 
some extent Palestinians, 
forced their leaders to cut this 

deal. The United States was the 
bridge between an Israeli silent 
majority that wanted this 
Hebron withdrawal and an Is- 
raeli leader who was initially 
ambivalent about it 

The United States was also 
the reality principle, letting 
both sides know what was pos- 
sible and what was not. 

Some of these roles the United 
Stares will want to continue 
playing, but it must extricate it- 
self from others quickly. 

The reason toe relationship 
between toe late Yitzhak Rabin 
and Mr. Arafat worked — with- 
out the United States — was that 
they had developed, through a 

Neglected Isles of Former Empire 

By Stephen S. Hosenfeld 

White House and out in 
America's far-flung island ter- 
ritories, a bead of steam is build- 
ing up behind the notion that 
next year’s centennial of the 
Spanish -American War is the 
right time to knit up the war’s 
lingering colonial legacy. That 
means cranking up right now. 

The Philippines was relin- 
quished 50 yeras ago. and Cuba 
95 years ago, although there the 
United States kept a base at 
Guantanamo. But Puerto Rico 
and Guam, which toe United 
Stares took as coaling stations, 
are a standing taunt to 20th cen- 
tury public virtue. These are U.S. 
territories where toe federal gov- 
ernment withholds full political 
rights from toe American cit- 
izens who live there. They are 
undigested and largely unac- 
knowledged bits of empire. 

In Spain the loss of all these 
outposts is regarded as “the dis- 
aster.” In toe United Slates they 
race few pulses outside inter- 
ested circles. Not can it yet be 
said that the costs of neglecting 
these questions will be unbear- 
ably high. 

But rendering attention to 
these vexing questions is 
prudent and the right thing to 
do. A country wife claims to 
civic pride ana world leadership 
is bound to keep seeking a way 
to bestow on its citizens of dif- 
ferent circumstances all priv- 
ileges and duties of toe house. 

That takes in Puerto Rico, 
Guam and the smaller territo- 
ries that came from other than 
Spain — toe Virgin Islands, 
American Samoa and the 
Northern Marianas. 

You wifi note the absence 
from that list of die District of 
Columbia, tire most conspicu- 
ous display under toe sun of 
limits on the political rights of 
American citizens. The District 
is different but its plight does 
highlight toe difficulties of 

melding American principle and 
practice in the island territories. 

The rights of self-govern- 
ment that the territories enjoy 
are more limited than those of 
the states, and can be stripped or 
altered at will by a Congress in 
which they are not represented. 

For decades, Puerto Rico and 
Guam have been struggling to 
find a relationship to Washing- 
ton — a “status" — that finally 
would satisfy local as well as 
national, including constitution- 
al, tests. The effort has foun- 
dered on the difficulty of of- 
fering the smaller territories a 
stares other than statehood — 
which is not realistically avail- 
able to them — in which to enjoy 
full membership in the Amer- 
ican family as an alternative to 
substantial local autonomy. 

The latter is what Guam is 
seeking, because statehood is 
not available, and what Puerto 
Rico presumably will seek if 
statehood turns out to be un- 
available to it as well. 

The fuss over whether Con- 
gress can or should make Puerto 
Rico teach in English in its pub- 
lic schools is simply toe most 
recent battleground. A question 
of national identity is at play. 
Americanize and assimilate 
newcomers? Of course. But is it 
fair to compel Puerto Rico’s 
reluctant already-dtizens, as a 
condition of statehood, to set 
aside toe language they have 
been speaking since the island 
was taken over, without their 
consent, 100 years ago? 

At toe moment Puerto Rico 
is reaching oat through legis- 
lation submitted in Congress, 
for an accord that would define 
a set of status choices for Puerto 
Ricans and commit the United 
States to honor their decision in 
a plebiscite in 1998. Guam has 
under way a parallel project. 

Three of toe possible choices 
are familiar from past Puerto 
Rican debate. The hybrid of 

commonwealth, long ascend- 
ant, is waning. Statehood is 
coming on in San Juan but 
forces tough issues of language, 
congressional seats and money 
in Washington. Independence 
has never had a following. 

But something new is in the 
air — “free association.'’ As 
established in the Marshalls, 
Micronesia and Palau, it ac- 
cords nearly full self-govern- 
ment and international recog- 
nition in return for full U.S. 
authority over defense and a 
U.S. obligation to provide aid. 
By being voluntary and revers- 
ible, this arrangement avoids 
being stigmatized by toe United 
Nations as colonial. In toe r anks 
of those pondering the future of 
Puerto Rico and Guam, the pos- 
sibilities of “free association” 
are being mulled. 

That is not the only fresh idea 
being circulated at this moment 
when millennial ardor is rein- 
forcing a reach for closure at the 
Spanish-American War’s cen- 
tennial. Peter Rosenblatt — 
who negotiated toe “Compact 
of Free Association” with toe 
Marshalls, Micronesia and 
Palau — would widen the quest 
and have toe president invite the 
American and territorial parties 
to analyze a range of status op- 
tions from full independence to 
full integration in toe United 
States on terms of equality. 

Incorporating islands in an 
existing stale, Hawaii, might do 
a good bit of iL Or amending the 
constitution to admit islands to 
toe union other than as states. 

it is not so important to start 
out with the right formula as to 
set up a process to produce the ' 
best options. The basic require- 
ment is a commitment to foe 
of fellow Americans. ■ 
ipanish- American War 
was undertaken, at least nom- 
inally, to extend American 
rights to a benighted realm. 
Now that purpose, of the war 
should be brought home. 

The Washington Pou. 

difficult learning process, a de- 
gree of mutual trust. For them 
the trust was central, and the 
words and tire timetables could 
■ always be adjusted around iL 
Mr. Arafat and Mr. Netanyahu 
had no oust, so for them the 
words were everything. 

And the reason toe -United 
States was drawn so deeply into 
their negotiations was that Mr. 
Arafat and Mr. Netanyahu 
didn’t even trust each other’s 
words, so a sheriff was needed 
to say to each of them what they 
wouldn’t say to each other and 
to guarantee to each the other - 
man’s words. 

Mr. Rabin and Mr. Arafat 
created out of their mutual trust 
workable agreements. The 
question now is, can Mr. Net- 
anyahu and Mr. Arafat create 
out of their workable agreement 
some mutual trust? . 

That is crucial, because it is 
impossible to imagine them ad- 
dressing the final-status issues, 
let alone the day-to-day ones 
that wifi 1 ‘crop - op. without a 
more self-s ustaining relation- 
ship. And without that, the 
United States will be caught in 
the crossfire. 

Where toe United States 
must remain engaged is as toe 
reality principle, not only for 
Israelis and Palestinians but 
also for Egypt and Syria. 

There is a widespread feeling 
among U.S. officials that Egypt 
initially tried to block this 
Hebron deaL What Mr. Netan- 
yahu finally admitted in Hebron 
was that there is rally one 
process: Oslo. What the 
dans need to admit is that 
is only rate playing field. 

That is, toe Egyptians seem 
ambivalent about the peace pro- 
cess now, because it means a 

new playing field in the Middle 
East — one on which Israel will 
be fully integ rat ed and the com- 
petition wiflbe largely econom- 
ic, where Egypt feels a disad- 
vantage. Either Egypt defines 
another playing field that would 
also include Brad, or it accom- 
modates tq this dne. . 

But if it continues to fight iL 
Egypt will find itself in a clash 
with America no less acrimo- 
nious than tiie one Mr. Net- 
anyahu encountered when he 
tried to oppose Oslo without an 

-There will now be renewed 
pressure to resume tire Syria- 
Israel talks. Don’t rush iL An 
Israeti-Tpalestinian deal is still 
die key to regional peace. The 
United States needs to tell Syria 
and Israel that if they want to 
start up talks again, they cannot 
avoid the real issues a gpfo 

Mr. Netanyahu will have to 
cronmit, up front, to withdraw 
from toe Golan. Hafez Assad 
will have to commit not only to 
full peace with Israel, but also to 
negotiate peacefully. 

Mr. Assad is living in a 
dream worid if be thinks he can 
defy the laws of gravity that 
have governed every other Ar- 
ab-Israeli negotiation: that Is- 
rael must be offered not only the 
substance of coexistence, but 
also a negotiating process — 
with real people-to-people in- 
teractions — that rigmop s treteS 
a willingness for coexistence. 
That is the only way Israel will 
cede territory. 

If Syria and Israel are not ^ 
ready for that sort of negoti- 
ation, then the United States 
should suggest that this would 
be a perfect time for France to 

The New York Times. 


1897s A Death Test 

MUNICH — Professor E. 
Friedrich has discovered a new 
variety of Roentgen rays, try 
which he asserts he can dia- 
gnose infallibly whether a hu- 
man body ism a trance or really 
dead. The easiest means of test- 
ing their efficacy is by pho- 
tographing ahmnan hand. If fog 
hand treated by toe rays 
presents the same appearance 
on toe photographic {date as 
one photographed with Roent- 
gen rays then itmnsfbe the ha nd 
of a living person. If toe hand 
shows no characteristics of the 
Roentgen “bone hand” it is 
proof toe owner of the hand is 
indeed dead, and not in a 

lative committee found that 
most of toe accidents occurred 
outside large cities, because the 
offic ials of country districts pesr- 
mrtted almost anybody to (five 
a motra-cai; including children, 
1, lame, blind, and deaf 
lie. The committee urged 
do licenses be g ra n ted un- 
less toe applicant passes a rigid 
examination and practical tests. 

1922: . Road Deaths 

1947: Anti-Nara Alert 

LONDQN — A sweeping 
charge that re-created Nazi or 
g a nram ons m Ge rman y were 
seeking to rearm to power has 

been laid before Allied govero- 
TOents, toe International Com- 

toe < Study of European 
* affiiounbed. The or- 
said “the Nazi party 
recovered from toe first 
9 Onn GteTnan y' s defeat and 

z,uuu is quietfy _ 

fc®! to power! 


perrons were killed anefcofloo reo *? ani2an g for & w- 

injured by automobiles in New 

York State last year A leek- S™ 0 of <temoctatic-insti- 
y tutions set up by the Allis.’’ 





U ' ' V "’ r " 


• - 


■: ;:\V V v.l;^ >:-i\ -- 




ffihy They Shoot Horses in France 

B y William S afire 

N2riH OR ? — Alain Juppe, the 

be nHmi Jscques-Chiraccnoseto 

of We. has long 

SS^. 38 a tat rf * ^ 

f>raMu?!£5. ^““ewg to a new nadir, the 

SSS° Cra ^ todi5 ^ llisilna 8 e 

to h i?? “JOBance, has decided 
all his hidden passion and 

S tang ontiianl^ book 

Between Onreehres.” 

Y~15? ^ser Cohen of lhe New 

S I^i Sked Jgi* if such P«- 
™™ confessio n s as those in the book 
®jgnt make matters worse, the prime 
master answered in a curious way: 
ney shoot torses, don’t 

What is the origin of this phrase, 
wcpressed by Juppe in French as^On 
ocheve bien les chevaux ?." A farmer 
Douncerui a marathon dance hall. Hor- 
ace McCoy, titled his first novel, pub- 
SgS “ 193?. “poy Shoot HoSS 
P^.jTbey? Its theme was defeatism 
m life s long dance, its style hard- 
boiled; its plot centered on the MW 
of a marathon dancer, a hopeless derel- 
ict, by her partner, out of wjhat the 
murderer insisted was kindness, as 
me only way to put her out of her 

Lite James M. Pain, another hard- 
boded novelist of the period, McCoy . 
was popular in France; his publisher. 
Random House, hhnbed that McCoy 
was ‘‘hailed by die critics of France as 
the peer of Hemingway and Stein- 
beck.” The phrase was reinforced in 
France at about the time Juppe was 
growing up by the 1969 release of the 
Sidney Pollack film of that title; 'star- 
ring Jane Fonda, in which Gig Young 
won an Oscar in a supporting role as 

be cruel to be kind.” But considering 
the possibility Oat his book might 
make mattecs worse, Juppe’s use of the 
phrase is .ambiguous; it could mean 
: “So maybe I shot myself in die foot,” 
. or .“With this personal revelation, I. 
could be ending my career and putting 
myself out of my misery.” 

. Was the phrase original with the 
; hard-boiled McCoy, who died in 
H*55? Bartlett’s Quotations as well as 
the Oxford Dictionary of Quotations 
cites him as the source The French use 
horses in sayings: 71 n’estsi bon cheval 
. qui ne broncke means ‘ ‘The best horse 
may stumble,” and II est aise (Taller a 
' p^d quand on tierit son cheval par la 
bride , “It's easy to step down from 
irighposman when that position can be 
resinned at ' will.” (Ecoutez-vous, 
Newt?)* But our misery -to ves-dis- 

prbvexbial sayings; until oth- 
erwise refuted, it’s the real McCoy. 

. A cascade pf E-mail (only my g pafl 
mail gets a terse postcard reply) can be 
expected about the misuse of the re- 
flexive in “Between Ourselves.” A 
reflexive pronoun should refer io a sub- 
ject that precedes ii, and there is no 
referent for ourselves in Juppe’s title. 
Same problem with the somwbat more 
proper “Among Ourselves”; nothing 
to hook onto. Betteruse 1 ‘Between You 
and Me” or, if searching for a larger 
book sale than one, “Between Us.” 


the unctuous contest promoter. 

fiance as 1 

well': as 

The meaning in <» «*cu:« 

America, in light of the misery-ending 
plot, is clear: “Sometimes you have to 

Daniel Schorr, dean of electronic 
pandits, designated the word arcane as 
the newest addition to the lexicon of 
scandalspeak. Data bases show a rush 
of uses of arcane within SO words of 
the name Gingrich. That demonstrates 
how defenders of Newt Gingrich, in 
their campaign to keep him as speaker 
of foe House, universally embraced 
that adjective to apply to “a tax law too 
complicated fa hope fa master.” 

Tne mysteriously ubiquitous word is 

rooted in the Larin area, "chest, box,” 
which , is also the root of ark, a boat 
Noah built to enclose, or hold in, two of 
every species. The synonym is 
“secret,” but because that word is 
stamped on just about every document 
around Washington, the unopened box 
behind the nnfarniliar arcane gives the 
word a connotation of deeper mystery 
understood only by the initiated. 

The noun form, commonly used 
only in the plural, is arcana. 

Opponents of Newt used three re- 
lated terms that need separation here: 
he was urged fa step down, step aside 
soul stand dawn. 

Step down, dating back to 1400m its 
primary meaning of “fa go from a 
higher level fa a lower,” gained its 
extended meaning of “to withdraw or 
retire from office" in 1890: “Let . . . 
the lunkheads step down and resign.” 

Step aside, in 1530 meaning “to 
move out of the pash,” has an extended 
meaning, not yet in many dictionaries, 
of “withdraw te m po rari ly” car “make 
room far a replacement.” It is ambigu- 
ous in its conclusion, a step short of the 
decisive stepping down. If die 25th 
Amendment ever came into play, a dis- 
abled president would step aside, letting 
the vice president assume his powers as 
acting president, but would not step 

. Stand down began in 1681, telling a 
witness to “step down from the box 
after giving testimony.” It was picked 
up by sports a century ago to mean 

give pone’s place cm a team” and in 

World War I gained its present sense of 
“relax, come off duty after a stare of 
alert,” in contrast with stand to; after 
the Armistice, the opposing forces 
stood down. Used in connection with a 
call for a politician to step down or 
aside, stand down is, in die adjectives 
carefully chosen by the House ethics 
committee, “inaccurate, incomplete, 
anH unreliable.” 

New York Times Service 



By Thulani Davis. 250 pages. $22. 
' l Scribner. 

Reviewed by Paula L. Woods 

T HERE is an evolving categbiy of 
contemporary popular lite ra t ure . 
call it “lit lite;" if yon will — that 
inundates the reader with characters’ 
appetites far brand-name clothing, cars 
and cigars, and regrettably not much 

These novels suffer from thin plots, 
anorexic character development and 
themes that are virtually nonexistent. 
Two hours after we close the book, 
we’re hungry for another one. And while 
thm’s great for pirfdishers, ifs not so 
good for serious readers, riot to mention 
the world’s supply of trees. ; 

It is a dilemma that writ e rs must in- 
creasingly face as they sit before their 
blank screens — do they attempt to wrile 
an accessible, “popular” novel, or do 
they pull out the stops and strive for the 
higher, potentially less lucrative goal of 

A few recent novels have shown that 
both are attainable, hut there’s no easy 
recipe. If anyone could pull it off, you 
would expect it would be a literary adept 
like Thulani Davis, author of the well- 

regarded first novel “1959,” as well 
as a poet, playwright and librettist. 

Her latest novel, “Maker of Saints” 
— an intelligent, ambitious stew of 
friendship, jealousy, the crossroads of 
myth and lies, the nature of woman’s 
creative, expression and the enniri- 
riddled world of certain postmodern Af- 
rican Americans — adopts the devices of 
a popular literary genre, the thriller. And 
while Davis oners the reader a rich 
gumbo, redolent with evocative writing 
and concepts, “Maker of Saints” is 
mare of a tidbit for the mind than a 
fulfilling, “mmm-mmm good” read. 

T HERE almost seem to be two novels 
wrestling for dominance. One is a 
contemporary-lhrillex, whose essential 
plot is this: Did Alex Decatur — a Sur- 
mamc-bom performance artist, free spir- 
it, best friend and nertdooriraghbor of 
onetime painter Cynthia (Bird) Kincaid 
— jump or fall from her apartment win- 
dow, leaving “a hollowea-out shape in 
tire wet concrete resembling a. grotesque 
sarcophagus fitted to a body in motion ” ? 
Or was she pushed by her lover, Frank 
Button, an art critic whose withering 
opinions of Alex’s and Bird’s work left 
Alex manipulative and combative and 
Bird inexplicably unable to pursue her 

The other novel is a moody, literary 
meditation on a towering list of themes: 
the cultural and social evolution of the 
black female artist through the 
civil-rights, postfeminist era; 

Kahlo as symbol of die female artist’s 
duality as artist and muse; Hindu and 
T-atm American mythology and spiritu- 
ality, the blues; “The Arabian Nights”; 
the use of masks and masking fa hide 
one’s identity and true feelings; and the 
pithier sayings of Lyndon Johnson. Fine 
writer that she is, Davis gives each topic 
in turn her indrive attention and a word- 
smith’s command of the language. 

thril le r 

genre and Davis’s literary sensibilities 
intersect in ways that are memorable. 
But too often die reader is led through 
the novel’s meandering literary con- 
structs only to be lost in terms of the 

This is a conclusion drawn with re- 
gret, for “Maker of Saints” is anovel in 
which so much is hap pening — and of 
such importance as we careen toward the 
21st century — that the reader roots for it 
all to come together into a satisfying 

Paula L. Woods, an author and editor 
of several anthologies, wrote this for The 
Washington Post. 


By Alan Truscott 

A MATCH r . . 

at the Beverly Club, L 
East 57th Street, determined 
two titles; The defending 

champions in the Von Zedt- 
witz Double! 


won their final match by 33 
imps, going unbeaten. And 
T im Krekonan of Manhattan 
became the New York Team. 
Flayer of the Year far 1996. ■ 
The otter winning team' 
members were Lapt Chan of 
Forest Hills, Queens; Jon 
Heller of Brooklyn; Philip 
Alder of Manhasset, Long Is- 
land, and Brad Moss arid 
«i Elizabeth Reich of Marihat- 
• tan. The losing t e am , who 
would have forced a replay if 
they had won the match, was 
headed by Brace Rogoff of 

Ridgewood, New Jersey. 

-- -In a - wild conclusion, 67 
imps changed bands in 10 
deals. On the deal shown, the 
winners were 'Content fa play 
the. North-South cards in 
three hearts, making an over- 
trick. In the replay, as shown. 
South experimented with an 
opening one-beait bid, the- 
- oretically showing afive-card 
soil His partner’s two. no- 
trump bid showed opening 
values with a heart fit, and 
four hearts- showed a bal- 
anced minimum. 

Alder as West hit on a club 
lead, putting the defense on 
the road to success. Rrekorian 
as East might well have 
played the jack, since South 
was marked with the ace. But 
he played the king, leaving 
the location of the jack in 
doubt after the ace won. 

South led a diamond, and 
West was in a quandary after 
taking his ace. His partner 
played the four, giving an un- 
clear message. West wanted 
fa underiead his dub queen, 
to allow fads partner to win and 
play a decisive spade, but was 
not confident about the lo- 
cation of the dob jack. 

Shifting to a ifaade was : 
if East held the queen of 
suit West chose fa cash the 
club queen immediately and 
then shift to the spade jack. 

It was now South’s turn fa 
be in doubt He could have 
made the game by playing low 
from dummy, but eventually 

his spades, but West ruffed 
and still had the heart king as 
the setting trick. The winning 
team gained 10 imps en route 
to the title. 

6 A 10 3 
♦ QIC 3 


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0*Q J8 

♦ 7 5 


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* Q 83 

O AQ108 

♦ AB82 

decided that the spade king 
i with 

was on his right. He won 
die spade ace, led the heart 
jack to the ace and played 

He was able to discard both 

Both sides ware vulnerable. The bid- 

South west North East 

I P Pass 2 N.T. 

4 O Pass Pass 

West tod the club three. 


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Q & A/ Stephen Ledegar 

Treading Lightly 
At Geneva Talks 

Over India's objections and after years of tough ne- 
gotiations, the United Nations Conference on Disarm- 
ament last year produced a global ban on nuclear testing. 
Last week, the 61 -nation body reconvened in Geneva for 
talks on banning anti-personnel mines and halting the 
production of bomb-grade plutonium and uranium. 
Again. India and other threshold states want these sub- 
jects linked with a timetable for nuclear disarmament. 
Stephen Ledogar. the head of the U.S. delegation, talked 
about the prospects and problems with Robert Kroon for 
the International Herald Tribune. 

Q. Does this renewed linkage with nuclear disarm- 
ament threaten to derail the talks before they have start- 

A. 1 hope not, and we are trying to discourage linkage. 
A cutoff of fissile materials and a ban on land mines are 
important new measures, which should not be held hos- 
tage to nuclear disar mam ent. The disarmament con- 
ference is not the proper forum for strategic aims re- 
duction. For the foreseeable future, that is the domain of 
bilaterals between the U.S. and the Russian Federation. 
We have the START-2 reduction to 3,500 strategic 
nuclear weapons, we are dismantling nuclear warheads as 
fast as physically possible and as soon as die Russian 
Parliament has ratified START-2, we can move on to 
further reductions in START-3. Die other nuclear states 
— China, Britain and France — first want the U.S. and 
Russia to build down their arsenals of thousands to their 
own level of hundreds. The first broadening of die talks 
would be fa the three other nuclear powers. To attempt 
multilateral negotiations on strategic arms reduction in a 
61 -nation disarmament conference would only lead to 
unproductive rhetoric. 

Q. Forty years ago, the Indian Prime Minister Jawa- 
haiial Nehru was one of the first leaders to call for a halt 
in the production of nuclear bomb ingredients. Why 
would India or anyone else be against it now? 

A. True, the production cutoff bas been on the table for 
decades, and India was pushing it annually. But India’s 
domestic situation has changed. It has moved from a 
leadership role to a curious position where we’re told it is 
political suicide for any party to forgo the nuclear option. 
India refuses the Nonproliferation Treaty and is standing 
alone against the Test Ban Treaty. It produces plutonium 
for its nuclear weapons program and says we are the 
problem. Pakistan produces enriched uranium, and then 
there’s Israel and the other wannabes. Iraq and Iran have 
contemplated the nuclear option. I don't know about 
Libya, but that does not seem a reality now. A cutoff 
treaty for fissile materials will be an important step 
forward. Like a worldwide ban on anti-personnel mines, 
it is ready for negotiation and we hope those two ne- 
gotiations will not be blocked. 

Q. Pjinttria launched the Ottawa Initiative for a global 
land- min e ban by the end of this year, and now the 
unwieldy disarmament conference in Geneva is taking up 
the issue. Isn’t that counterproductive? 

A. That’s debatable. Canada is aiming at a thorough, 
total and fast anti -personnel mine treaty by like-minted 
proponents, hoping to attract China, Russia and others to 
the club later. The disarmament conference will work in 
stages, the hard way, with all the key players involved 
from the beginning. I see Ottawa as an important com- 
plementary effort which can give momentum to Geneva's 
across-the-board approach. But it would be optimistic to 
think the Russians, Indians and Chinese will accept a full 
and global ban by the end of this year. 

Q. China went along with the global test ban. Where 
does Beijing stand on the land mine issue and stopping its 
production of fissile materials? 

A. China has problems with a ban on anti-personnel 
mines. They refer to their northern border of thousands of 
miles with Russia, which I gather is very heavily sown. 
Their military is still coming to grips with last year’s 
nuclear test ban. But we believe China will cooperate in a 
cutoff of fissile materials, because that treaty deals with 
future production, and the position of the five nuclear 
powers is that h should not be an inventory of existing 
stocks, accounting for production in the pash 
Q. In sum, what can be accomplished in Geneva? 

A. The United States would prefer an outright ban on 
anti-personnel mines, especially dumb mines that do not 
self-destruct or self-deactivare. But we are not against a 
phased approach — first a ban on transfer, followed by a 
production stop, a ban on use and finally destruction of 
stocks. The Conference on Disarmament works by con- 
sensus and that could thwart progress. 

Still, I believe that by the end of this year we could have 
significant progress, both in the land-mine talks and the 
cutoff negotiations. 

Living in the U.S.? 

Now printed in New York 
for same day 
delivery in key cities. 

lo subscribe, call 
1 - 800-882 2884 
fm New York, call 212-^2-3890) 


Zairian Ex-Envoy 
Returns to France 

Immunity Lifted 9 He Faces Trial 
For Accident That Killed 2 Boys 

By Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — Ramazani Baya. the former Zairian ambassador 
to France, has returned to Paris to stand trial for the deaths of 
two boys in a traffic accident 
Arriving Saturday ax Char les de Gaulle Airport on a flight 
from Kinshasa, the Zairian capital, he said, “I wanted to come 
to France.” 

His return was the final step before legal proceedings 
against him could begin. Last Tuesday, the Zairian president. 
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko, lifted Mr. Baya’s diplomatic 
immunity by accepting his resignation. But it was not until Mr. 
Baya had returned to France from Zaire that it was certain the 
judicial process could go forward. 

Mr. Baya said Saturday that he was coming back “of my 
own free will” Legal proceedings against him can begin as 
early as this week, though it is not clear how soon the trial will 
get under way. If convicted of manslaughter, Mr. Baya could 
be subject to up to three years in prison. 

In an interview on the French television network TF1, Mr. 
Baya said: ‘ 'As a father myself. I realize the tragedy and the 
parents' suffering. I know that only the trial they are de- 
manding could bring them some comfort I will not be in peace 
until this judgment has been passed.” 

In a similar case. President Eduard Shevardnadze of Geor- 
gia has promised to lift the immunity of Gueoigui 
Makharadze, a minister at the Georgian Embassy in Wash- 
ington. Mr. Makharadze was driving the car that caused an 
accident Jan. 3 in Washington that killed 16-year-old Joviane 
Wal trick. Mr. Makharadze remains in Washington awaiting 
the outcome of a police investigation. 

The French boys, Raphael Lenoir, 13, and Ronald Leh artel, 
12, were killed in the town of Menton, on die Riviera, in the 

autumn. Marshal Mobutu, who has been undergoing treatment 
for prostate cancer, has been operating largely from his villa in 

nearby Roquebrune -Cap- Martin. On Nov. 23. Mr. Baya was 

responding to a telephone summons from the Zairian pres- 
ident, when his small, rented car struck and killed both boys as 

they were crossing a narrow beach road. 

Mr. Baya left France the next day. In television interviews 
from Zaire, he frequently declared his intention to resign and 
return to Ranee, and Marshal Mobutu often said he wanted his 
ambassador to face justice. 

But it was not until a huge campaign by the parents, families 
and friends of the victims that Marshal Mobutu responded. 
Some 5,000 people demonstrated at the site the week after the 
accident, and about 700 held a demonstration a week ago. 
They said they were prepared to demonstrate outside Mr. 
Mobutu's villa on Feb. 1 if Mr. Baya did not return. 

Patrick Lenoir, the father of Raphael, said Saturday that Mr. 
Baya’s return meant thar “he kept his promise.” He added, 
"We see he is sincere, be accepts being judged.” 

“What helped us was the mobilization of the families, the 
relatives, to sensitize public opinion and the media.” Mr. 
Lenoir. He also said he hoped to arrange a meeting with Mr. 
Baya to “see his reactions. It will not be easy.” 

The French government heavily pressured Marshal 
Mobutu, officially requesting the lifting of Mr. Baya’s im- 
munity on four occasions. In addition, there was speculation 
that Marshal Mobutu fired Mr. Baya in part because the 
Zairian president needed permission to remain in France to 
continue his cancer treatment. 

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PAGE 10 



Corruption Investigation 
Threatens to Bring Down 
Netanyahu’s Government 

By Joel Greenberg 

New York Times Service 

JERUSALEM — The police began an 
investigation Sunday into reports of 
high-level corruption in Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu’s administration, 
pursuing allegations that some cabinet 
ministers wanted could bring down die 
government if they are proved true. 

The police are checking a television 
report that Mr. Netanyahu's short-lived 

Saudi Envoy 
Rebuts U.S. on 
Bomb Inquiry 

By Thomas W. Lippman 

I Yashin $:on Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The signs of strain 
between the United States and Saudi Ar- 
abia over the investigation into a terrorist 
bombing of a U.S. military residence 
have increased with the distribution of a 
statement by tbe Saudi ambassador here 
criticizing the FBI director, Louis J. 
Freeh, and Attorney General Janet Reno 
for their comments to reporters last week 
about the sensitive case. 

Last week. Mr. Freeh and Ms. Reno 
said the Saudis had withheld crucial 
information about who was responsible 
for the June 25 bombing of the Khobar 
Towers housing complex in Saudi Ar- 
abia that killed 1 9 U.S. airmen. 

Before that, ail Clinton administration 
officials who spoke publicly about the 
case had said that Saudi authorities were 
cooperating with the FBI. 

The issue is sensitive because Saudi 
Arabia is a key economic and political 
ally of the United States, and the pres- 
ence of U.S. troops there has subjected 
the kingdom's rulers to fierce criticism 
from religious conservatives. 

“With regard to security questions, 
the subject is important and sensitive," 
the Saudi ambassador. Prince Bandar 
ibn Sultan, said in a statement. “It can- 
not be worked out through the media.’’ 
He did not name Mr. Freeh or Ms. 
Reno, but Saudi officials said they were 
the obvious targets. 

What American officials have long 
feared privately is that the Khobar Towers 
investigation would end the same way as 
the earlier investigation of a bombing of a 
U.S. facility in Riyadh. In that case, four 
suspects were beheaded before U.S. in- 
vestigators ever spoke to them. 

While some suspects in the bombing 
have been in Saudi custody for months, 
Prince Bandar said his government “is 
not accusing or absolving anyone yet as 
to the tragic events in its Eastern 
Province last summer.” 

“It would be premature to accuse or 
absolve anyone until die investigation is 
completed,” he said- 

Prince Bandar's statement did not deny 
Mr. Freeh’s accusations nor did it commit 
the Saudi government to any particular 
course of action. It reasserted that “Saudi 
security agencies are responsible for any 
crime dial takes place on sovereign Saudi 
soil and are doing a superb job." 

It said that “excellent working re- 
lations exist between officials of both 
countries at all levels.” 

“Where there might be a difference 
on a particular point,” it added, “we still 
have the same underlying objective." 

Mr. Freeh, who has made three trips to 
Saudi Arabia to discuss the case, has 
received briefings on the investigation 
and some forensic and wiretap evidence, 
but American officials have not had ac- 
cess to any suspects. 

One U.S. official said it was unlikely 
that Saudi security forces would ever 
give tbe FBI unfettered access to sus- 
pects, any more than the FBI would give 
such access to the Saudis if the crime had 
been committed in the United States. 

appointment of a new attorney general 
last week was part of a deal to win a plea- 
bargain for a coalition party leader on trial 

for bribery and to pin the party* s support 
for an army withdrawal in Hebron. 

According to the report, Aryeh Deri, 
leader of the strictly religious Shas party, 
pushed for the appointment of a lawyer 
from Jerusalem, Roni Bar-On, as attor- 
ney general, after Mr. Bar-On promised 
to arrange a plea-bargain in Mr. Deri's 
trial on charges of bribery and fraud. 

Tbe report said that to get Mr. Bar-On 
appointed, Mr. Deri first threatened that 
Shas would leave the governing coali- 
tion. Later, the report continued, Shas 
warned dial it would oppose die Hebron 
agreement, jeopardizing its approval by 
die cabinet. Seven out of 18 cabinet 
ministers voted against the accord, and 
opposition by the two Shas ministers 
would have led to a stalemate. 

Mr. Netanyahu pushed through Mr. 
Bar-On’s appointment, but Mr. Bar-On. 
who was active in the governing LDmd 
/. resigned 12 hours after taking of- 
when his credentials came under 

SEARCHING FOR AN ANSWER — Police scientists examining a bombed car Sunday In BaUynahmch, 
Northern Ireland. The bomb detonated while three off-duty British soldiers were checking it, hearing one. 

YEN: . 

Watching for Clues 

Continued from Page 1 
level of the yea He also back*! a : pn> 


withering criticism from legal experts and 
politicians from the left ana right alike. 

The report on the circumstances of 
Mr. Bar-On's abortive appointment, car- 
ried by Channel One television last 
week, has been categorically denied by 
both Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. Deri. 

Mr. Netanyahu initially called the re- 

port a “complete fabrication’’ and ac- 
cused Channel One of conducting a 
smear campaign against him. He told the 
cabinet on Friday that the report was 
‘ ‘baseless, to the best of my knowledge, 
and he called for a swift investigation. 

Mr. Deri said the report was “a lie." 

But some worried cabinet ministers 
said that if die allegations were true, Mr. 
Netanyhau and his government would 
have to step down. 

“I don’t believe it's correct," Tour- 

ism Minister Moshe Katzav told report- 
ers. “But if it is correct the government 
does not have a right to exist* ’ 

Internal Security Minister Avigdor 
Kahalani said in a television interview: 
“If the affair is in fact as it appears, 
undoubtedly there is no place for this 

Tbe state attorney. Edna Arbel, 
ordered the police to begin an inves- 
tigation. Police Commissioner Assaf 
Hefetz appointed a seven-member team 

to lead the inquiry and said Mr. Net- 
anyhau could be summoned for ques- 
tioning, along with other senior officials. 
He said the police might legally chal- 
lenge Channel One to divulge the 
sources of its report. 

After meeting with investigators 
Sunday, Channel One officials said they 
would cooperate, but* would not reveal 
their sources, hr Israel, journalists may 
be ordered to reveal sources if it is 
deemed vital for a police investigation. 

ISRAEL: Searchingfor Common Ground, Lawmakers Propose a Palestinian * Entity 9 

Continued from Page 1 

putes among Israelis over peace with the 
Palestinians pointed to the need for a 
national consensus on where the final- 
status talks should be headed. 

To that end. tbe document sets out 
several basic principles. They include 
the necessity of continuing negotiations 
with the Palestinians and die recognition 
that a permanent agreement would in- 
clude die establishment of a Palestinian 
“entity.” the recognition of Israel’s 
right to defend itself and a commitment 
not to uproot any Jewish settlement on 
occupied lands. 

The definition of the Palestinian en- 
tity was one of several points on which 
the two sides foiled to agree. The doc- 
ument noted that according to one 
“opinion/' it would be an enlarged 
“autonomy,” and according to another, 
Mr. Beilin's, a state. 

All agreed, however, that it would not 
have an army, nor the power to make 
agreements that could threaten Israel. 
And they agreed that if the Palestinians 
agreed to these limitations, the entity’s 

“self-determination will be recog- 
nized” That formulation went beyond 
what current Likud guidelines would al- 
low, though officials of Rime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu's government have 
discussed various models under which 
die Palestinians could call their entity a 
state, but with limited sovereignty. 

The proposal also ruled out a return to 
the borders that existed before the 1967 
Middle East War, in which the entire 
West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Je- 
rusalem were under Arab — then Jor- 
danian — control. It proposed annexing 
the majority of Jewish settlements to 
Israel, and negotiating arrangements for 
outlying settlements by which their res- 
idents would retain Israeli citizenship 
and safe passage to Israel proper. 

The Palestinians’ formal position is 
that all occupied lands must be turned 
over to them, but the notion of con- 
solidating groups of settlements and an- 
nexing them to Israel has lone been 
discussed as a solution for their future. 

The proposals followed the position of 
both major parties that Jerusalem would 
remain the unified capital of Israel. 

But tbe document also declared that 
Israel “will recognize the governing 
center of the Palestinian entity which 
will be within tbe borders of the entity 
and outside the existing municipal bor- 
ders of Jerusalem.” It proposed that 
Muslim and Christian holy places in 
Jerusalem “will be granted special 

The reference to a “governing cen- 
ter” and “existing municipal borders” 
left open the possibility that foe Pal- 
estinians would proclaim Arab suburbs 

Broad as the 
a considerable 

of Jerusalem as th ei r capital. 

On another sensitive issue, the future 
of the millions of Palestinian refugees, 
foe / Uwjsm m n t r e ite r ate d Israel 
would retain the right to prevent them 
from returning to Israeli territory. 

But it proposed leaving to future ne- 
gotiations whether refugees would be 
allowed to settle in the Palestinian areas. 
Mare important, it proposed creating an 
inte rnational organization, “in which Is- 
rael will play an important role, with tbe 
goal of financing and carrying out proj- 
ects for compensation and rehabilitation 
of the refugees m their places. ” ' 

part of the biblical land of Israel. 

In fact, several members of the 
from each party disassociated 
selves from foe final draft 

On tbe Likud side, some reportedly 
left over differences an the degree of 
control Israel would retain in tbe Pal- 
estinian entity. 

On tire Labor side, members asso- 
ciated politically with Ehod Barak, tbe 
leading contender to succeed Shimon 
Peres as party chief — and thus Mr. 
Beilin's strongest competitor for the job 
— declined to endorse the document 
S peaking in Paris, he rrifinirad the pro- 
ject because, he said, it weakened 
Labor's role as foe imposition party. 

But Mr. Realm, who was active m the 
secret negotiations that led to the Oslo 
accords, said of the paper: “In the worst 
case, it win still be a point of reference, a 
basis for tbe permanent solution.. It 
might speed up the process.” 

LASER: Team at MJT Succeeds in Harnessing Waves of Matter’ 

Continued from Page 1 

and magnetic fields. For example, geo- 
logists use gravity meters to reveal tiny 
alterations in foe Earth's surface attrac- 
tion that indicate foe possible presence 
of buried oil. Military systems employ 
highly sensitive magnetic-field detect- 
ors to find submarines underwater. Us- 
ing atom beams for such devices would 
improve their accuracy enormously. 

Other uses of atom-scale interference, 
said Mr. Phillips, include superbly sen- 
sitive distance meters and gyroscopes. 

A super-thin beam of focused matter, 
Mr. Ketterle said, might be used to 
“write on a surface directly with in- 
dividual atoms," perhaps making pos- 
sible incredibly small electronic circuits 
or other structures. 

“It's a fantastic result,” said Randall 
Hulet of Rice University. His laboratory 
is one of only three in the world that have 
been able to produce a recently dis- 
covered state of matter called a Bose- 
Einstein condensate, or BEC, which is 
necessary for the atom laser. 

In a BEC, atoms are cooled to within a 
few billionths of a degree of absolute 
zero, at which point they begin to behave 
somewhat like light waves. 

“Although we all tho ught that an 
atom laser was possible” m that con- 
dition. Mr. Hulet said, “it wasn't dear 
that it could be made to work.” 

What makes it work is one of the 
quirks of quantum mechanics, the sci- 
ence of matter on the smallest scale. In 
that realm, everything in nature has two 
complementary identities, one as a 
particle and one as a wave. 

That is a fairly familiar concept for 
light. But matter also has a wave aspect, a 
phenomenon predicted by Loins de 
Broglie 70 years ago. Tbe French the- 
oretician calculated that any object would 
demonstrate wavelike properties, and that 
such “matter waves” would have 
wavelengths that became longer as foe 
object's speed became smaller. 

Seventy years ago. Albert Einstein 
suggested — based on research by the 
renowned Indian physicist Satyendra 
Nath Bose — that if certain atoms got 
cold enough, the waveform of each atom 
would get so large that it would overlap 
its neighbors. All the atoms would 
merge or “condense” into a sort of 
amalgamated “superatom” at foe low- 
est possible energy state. 

That is foe Bose- Einstein condensate, 
which scientists at the University of Col- 

orado and National Institute of Standards 
and Technology achieved for the first 
time in mid- 1995 by capturing and 
Chilling atoms in friph-v nramm magneti c 

“trap.” Mr. KetterieVgroup at MIT did it 
a few months later, followed by the Rice 
team in 1996. 

In theory, all the atoms in foe BEC 
occupy exactly foe same quantum state 
— that is, have identical characteristics, 
just as each photon in a laser beam has 
precisely the same strength and frequency 
(or color). What makes tbe laser beam so 
powerful, however, is that foe wave of 
each identical photon is exactly in 
with every other wave. That 
ixed condition is called “coherence.’ 

Researchers on BEC had long sus- 
pected foal, if they could eject a few of the 
presumably quantum-identical atoms 
from the condensate, foe atoms would 
form coherent waves. Tbe MIT team dis- 
covered how to (to that by bombarding the 
condensate with radio waves. 

As they report in Sunday’s issue of 
Physical Review Letters, the waves re- 
versed tbe magnetic spin on a small 
fraction of the BEC atoms, causing them 
to be expelled freon die trap and to fly oft 
in foe same direction in pulses of 
100,000 to several million atoms each. 


Rioting Escalates 

Continued from Page 1 

pyramid investment operations. Ten 
privately run sayings plans were in op- 
eration in Albania, and protests began to 
spread when two of them were declared 

Many Albanians blame die govern- 
ment far fruling to regulate the funds, 
which lured thousands of investors with 
promises of high ret urn s far a small 
outlay. Some Albanians sold their 
homes, farms and livestock to poor all 
their money into the plans. 

The government has frozen $255 mil- 
lion in the accounts of two investment- 
plans, foe Xhafferi and Populli insti- 
tutions. __ 

In a televised speech earlier Sunday, 
Prime Minister Aleksander Meksi prom- 
ised that his government would start 
paying back investors' deposits Feb. 5. 

But foe pledge did lime to quell the 
unrest. Opposition leaders denounced 
the government Sunday andaccuseditof 
exploiting tbe {dans for its own gain. 
“We shall overthrow foe government 
today at all costs,” a protester said. 

(Reuters, AFP) 

IOr japou s —-o — 

regulation of marke ts and foe economy 

would be ready tins summer.^ 

“The talk that there is a difference or 
opinion among foe monetary authorities 
oFfepan, United States and Germany 
over foreign exchange tales is an ua- 

SLy." said Mr- Sakaklbara, 

who is respected for his rote m halting 

foe yem’s surge after it reachedap^war 

high of 80 to foe dollar m April 
In recent weeks, Japanese anfoonnes 

foe nation's economy have often seemed 
at odds with their U.S. and European 
counterparts. American officials nave 
said repeatedly that a strong dollar is in 
U.S. interests because it cuts inflationary 
pressures in the United States. European 
officials have backed a strong dollar be- 
cause it raises foe competitiveness in the 
United States of goods made in Europe, 
where economic growth is weak and 
unemployment is at record levels. 

But Seirokyu Kajiyama, a gov em- 
■ pry»pt spokesman who rarely comments 
on the exchange rate, said late last week: 
“There is a view in Japan and the United 
S tates that 120 yen is the permissible 
limit.” He said he was convinced that 
the yen would not fell sharply below 120 
to foe dollar. 

Clarification of what Tokyo wants 
will have important market repercus- 
s ions. regardless of whether the- objec- 
tive is to arrest the yen’s decline or to 
permit further erosion. 

ft foe intent is to halt the decline — - 
‘ which Japan can aff or d because its for- 
eign reserves total $218 trillion — the 
move could unnerve world bond mar- 
kets. The highly leveraged U.S. hedge 
firmic have borrowed substantial 
amount of low-cost yen to finance pur- 
chases of higher-yielding U.S. bonds. 
These speculators have made enormous 
profits, not only on foe nearly 5.5 per- 
centage point difference between their 
borrowing costs and in vestment income, 
but also on the decline of the yen. Any 
indication that the yen has bottomed 
would be an invitation to close out the 
positions — resulting in a sell-off of the 
U.S. paper. 

Similarly, if the Japanese central bank 
runs down its reserves to prevent the yen 
from rf^rtiwing. it would haveto sell its 
holdings of U.S. Treasury bonds. Rising 
bond yields as prices feu would have a 
spillover effect in Europe, as was 
. already seen at die end of last week, and 
on Wall Street. 

On foe other hand, if foe Japanese do 
not confirm their intention to halt the 
yen’s decline, “there is arisk of sending 
the market the wrong signal,' ’ said Neil 
MadCwfe on at Citibank in London. An 
attitnde of “benign neglect” cooldfuel a 
yen sell-off. pushing foe" exchange fate 
to 130 yen to foe dcriBar and setting the 
stage for a currency crisis, he said. 

A weaker yen could cause a meltdown 
in the already weak stock market if the 
nonresident investors who havebeen trig 
buyers of shares over die past year were 
to move outen masse, said RichardKoo, 
an analyst at Nomura Research in 
Tokyo. A further substantial decline of 
stock prices would cause havoc for die 
still aumg banking sector, which in- 
cludes pan of tire unrealized capital 
gains on equity holdings as capital. 

Mr. Koo noted that government of- 
ficials have abandoned their traditional 
view of relying on a weak yen to sgrr 

a boom in aborts, 
icials realize how destructive a weak 
yen could be, ” he said, adding that plans 
to raise taxes to cut the fiscal deficit 
might have to be delayed to prevent the 
modest economic recovery now under- 
way from being snuffed out. 

But foe Japanese government has in- 
sisted that it will not delay raising con- 
sumption taxes and ending other special 
tax credits, now planned for April- 
On Sunday, Mr. Sakakibara stressed 
die government’s commitment to dereg- 
ulate financial markets by 2001. He also 
said that a schedule for Japan’s long- 
awaited Big Bang deregulatfon would be 
released this summer. It was the first tune 
an official had set a dale for a schedule for 
tiie package Prime Minister Ryutaro Ha- 
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KOHL: Party Mavericks’ Dissension Unleashes Succession Debate 

Continued from Page 1 

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, a con- 
sistent supporter of the chancellor, re- 
ported that the public attack by Mr. 
Wulff and his friends broke a party law 
of silence protecting Mr. Kohl from vir- 
tually all challenge. The party is now 
afraid of losing power, it said, with a 
fermentation process bubbling np under 
the surface. 

“The question of keeping power isn’t 
being asked abstractly, but by foe people 
who are going to deal with foe future,” 
foe newspaper wrote. “Young CDU 
politicians want to be elected again in 

To foe left, foe weekly Die Zeit 
whose publishers include Helmut 
Schmidt, foe most recent Social Demo- 
cratic chancellor, argued that Mr. Kohl 
should leave office and that a grand' 
coalition of foe two main parties should 
take joint control of affairs as soon as 
possible for the sake of the nation. 

"We’ve been so fixed in ritual here 
that not everybody has been able to grasp 
what's taken place,’ * said Robert Leicht, 
Die Zeit’s editor, who urged a change in 
chancellors. “The succession debate is 
open.Politics is coming lock. SchaeuWe 
succeeded in encouraging the successor 

Mr. Schaeuble, 54, has long been re- 
garded as Mr. Kohl's personal choice to 
follow him. It was widely assumed that it 
was with the chancellor's approval that 
he gave an interview to Stem magazine, 
saymg that he probably could not resist 
tbe temptation to nm for chancellor and 

acknowledging as a potential issue his 
confinement to a wheelchair — the re- 
sult of gunshot wounds during in an 
attack on him when he served aspuerior 

The interview seemed aimed to de- 
marcating Mr. Schaeuble's terrain as 
front-runner while strengthening his 
hand in the party. 

But Mr. Kohl could hardly have ima- 
gined that Mr. Schaeuble’s interview 
would be telescoped into Mr, Wulffs 
remains, and interpreted, in this context, 
as part of a challenge to the chancellor./ 
The new tax plan that Mr. Wulff at- 
tacked had been promoted as the le-. 
ive gem of foe century, a re form 

would simplify every German 

wage-earner's life and free up money for 
investment and new jobs. But the pack- 
age also calls for increasing die value- 
added tax rate. 

Mr. Wulff s fire, aimed at Finance 
Minister Tbeo WaigeL went directly to 
Mr. Kohl and tbe perception that foe 
country is not coping with its structural 

The - motor for the criticism of Mr. 
Kohl seems , to be concentrated in the 
under-40 segment of his party rather 
than in the electorate at large. The chan- 
cellor’s credibility is largely in personal 
currency rather than in terms of policy, 
one party official said, explaining that 
some young politicians saw no gain in 
attaching themselves to ineffective pro- 
grams symbolized by a man who would 
be gone from the scene by &e time they 
reached midcareer. 

So far, the discussion has brought 

little response from the Social E 
era ts, whose standing in opinion si 
has railed np to near-even level 
the Christian Democrats. 

Bat their leading f OT 

cellar, Gerhard Schroeder, the pi 
of Lower Saxony, has sought to co 
himself with Mr. Kohl by taki 
increasingly skeptical position c 
euro, the planned common Eur 

It is on this issue, the most sen 
along with unemployment in Gen 
that fo e new mood within the govt 
party could have an effect on poll 
the cli mate of outspoken critkrist 
speculation on his succession devi 
Mr. Kohl could confront much g 
resistance to the single currency tfc 
nas experienced so far from with 
own ranks. 

Tins, in turn, might stiffen Gt 
amtudes on foe introduction of thi 
«ncy in relation to its partners \ 
fitrope. In unusuaf development 
dicative of foe changing moofo-Mr 
was described as coming unde 
tremely sharp criticism an parti 
uamoitarygrrapmeezing forforcii 
pare toward the currency union. / 
reporters were 

^nlS^S l 0 Lii t » rlly sholttcd ^ 1 

Ms beaS to* 

“Kraal opi 

knows if he wants to take 


/“ r Qfc 



Raise Taxes, 

Say in Bonn 

Higher Indirect Levies 
To Fund Pension Plan 

Reuters ■ 


ooalitioQ have called for an increase in a 
wide range of indirect German taxes to 
™nce income-tax reductions and the 
ailing pension system. 

. The demands, made Saturday, come 
just days after the government presented 
a sharply criticized revision in the in- 

' ^? I ao?i5i? y5t ^ lhat “usages tax cuts 
ot 82 billion Deutsche mark* ($50.25 
( trillion) to be financed by scrapping tax 
* breaks and raising value-added taxes. 

The calls for higher taxes on gasoline, 
tobacco and alcohol aim to ensure that a 
planned revision of pension insurance 
does not contain hidden payments to 
finance the income-tax cuts. - - - 
. Labor Minister Norhert Bluem, who 
is expected to present the new pension 
plan to the cabinet this week, said he 
would do so only if it were clear the 
pension fund would no longer have to 
pay for services unrelated to pensions. 

‘ ‘This has to be cleared up,” he mid 
the weekly Bildam Somuag newspaper. 
"It is now or never. I mil not present a 
reform without an answer to me ques- 
f tion of what taxpayers and people pay- 

ing into pension plans will have to. pay 
for in the future." • 

Mr. Bluem received hmmariTMte sup- 
port from the secretary-general, of Mr. 
Kohl’s Christian Democratic Unkin, 
Peter Hintze. 

"We will quickly present a concept 
<'"> that secures rotnre pensions and creates 
* the relationship between die tax system 
and the pension system as desired by 
Norbext Bluem," he told Vstate party 
congress in Brandenburg. 

Michael Glos, pariiamentary leader 
of the Christian Social Uniiw, ite.Qiria- 
tian Democrats’ Bavarian counterpart, 
suggested raising some taxes as com- 
pensation. - - 

"One way would be to dose the gap 
with other indirect taxes," he told the 
newsmagazine Per Spjqjeh ; 

■ Unionist Backs Lhrrit on Aliens 
Klaus Zwickel, thehead of Gennany ’s - 

Laura Ashley’s sales 
have rebounded... 

$800 million 



...and It has 
returned to 

$60 million 


...but It has 
lost ground in 
North America. 

PAGE 11 


’86 *87 *88 *8t *S3 ’95 *86 
An years are financial years ending in Jwiuary. 

•86 *87 *88 *81 *83 *85 *86 



— Britain — 

and S24SL2 

WBf Europe life}: 

’B5 '96 

Source: Laura Ashley 

neNew YodcTtan 

Currency Criteria 
An Arduous Task’ 

Italy Is Determined to Meet Goals 
ForEuro f Treasury Minister Says 

Laura Ashley’s No-Frills Makeover 

voicnto calls by oomenr«ivepo^idtans 

'X. for strict Bants oh foreigaworSErs, a ' 
magazine srid.Renterareported. •<*/■/ ** 
*‘I really dunk .m. : m^..Qaii^ i> tQ' 
agreed quotas within an immigration 

' J. law to rdieve the Gennan labor market 

and to diffuse social tension,” --M r 
Z wickel told Focus, accakffing to an 
article that will be published Mraday. 

■"* Major- parties and uzdcnis had re- 

gained from directly finking. the up-. 

7 employment rale, which rose to a post- 

*1 warrecordrflO^pacCTtmDece^^ 

J . because they waotec^to avoid acicusa- 

- ‘tions erf storing iqj racial unrest 

Rut rtr Chr istian Sncial Union called 
ifris month for strict limits on foreign 
workers as part of a strategy to cut . urn 
employment Finance Minister Theo 
Waigcl, head erf the conservative party, 

- badsaid it was*'grotesque’ ’ i h m irnB ic n s 
of Germans were unemployed wbileso 

-- many foreigners were working in the 

country. ~ 

By Sarah Lyall 

New York Times Service 

LONDON — When Laura Ashley 
died in 1985, she left behind a company 
that was, in many ways, a victim erf her 
success. So closely was it identified 
with her signature products — loose- 
fitting, high-necked Victorian dresses 
and ntoa-busy chintz fabrics — that the 
company seemed stuck in a frilly rut, 
unsure of how to move forward with 
new fashions and new tastes. 

Executives came and went at a 
dizzying rate, and the company 
seemed unable to regain the niche its 
founder had carved oat or to find a new 
one. Reflecting die lack of direction, 
di e firnmoiiil fm tnTwc of Laura Ashley 
PLC ev entually plummeted, culmin- 
ating in a $53.7 milli on restructuring 
charge and a $483 minion loss for the 
year ended January 1995. 

For more than a year and ahalf now, 
tiie London-based company has been 
pinning its hopes on a new chief ex- 
ecutive, Ann Iverson, an American 
who is s omething of « pimamnnd «pe- 
ciaiist, haying hdped to resuscitate the 
two re maining ; djviamm of Storehouse 

.. PLC, the British retail group begun by 
Terence Conran. > 

The early returns on Ms. Iverson’s 
latest makeover are promising, though 
not so strong as to call it a sure thing. 
Tito company is solidly profitable 
again, anti Ashley stock, which was at 
95 pence ($1.55) when Ms. Iverson 
anived* closed Friday at 166 pence. 

.. But sales are still sputtering in both 
tjre, United and Europe. Al- 

though Ms., Iverson is changing not 
only die Ashley look but also toe size 
of its stores and its product mix, some 
analysts say she has not yet gone far 

-U *•••:• - v 

enough to raise the company’s profile 
to its old heights. 

Whichever way thing s turn out, 
there will be plenty oflessom for 
others to learn. Ms. Iverson is wres- 
tling, after all, with a basic retailing 
puzzle: how to take a high-profile 
brand, whose product has grown tired 
and whose appeal has narrowed, and 
move it forward without leaving its 
well-known identity behind. 

"Repositioning is actually much 
-harder than positioning in the first 
place," said Isaac Lagnado, president 
of Tactical Retail Solutions, a con- 
sulting firm based in New York. He 
cited the Banana Republic chain — 
which has evolved from a quirky, 
khaki-filled shop aimed at people go- 
ing on vacation to a retailer with a 
range of elegant, tailored clothing — 
as an example of a successful repos- 

“You have to keep the best of what 
you have, but you also have to grow,’ ’ 
he said. “Laura Ashley is almost icon- 
ic, and it’s facing a huge challenge.’’ 

Confronting the duDenge, Ms. 
Iverson, 52, who has also worked as a 
senior executive at two landmark U.S. 
retailers — Bloomingdale’s and Bon- 
wit Teller — cites the successful ef- 
forts of Banana Republic’s parent. 
Gap fric., in evolving past its early 
image as a jeans shop into a chic 
purveyor of casual wear. 

“Its probably one of the best ex- 
amples of developing a brand," she 
said in her London office, just redec- 
orated with new Laura Ashley fabrics, 
something sire does twice a year. "It is 
highly focused, it consistently delivers 
an image, and you know who they are 
and that you will consistently be offered 
afresh, new range of products.” 

She applied some of those prin- 
ciples to the two divisions at Store- 
house: BhS PLC, a chain of small 
department stores, and Mothercare, a 
parent-and-child retailer that sells 
clothes, furniture and toys. In par- 
ticular, she poured life, and profit- 
ability, back into Mothercare by 
identifying who the customers were — 
mostly young women with young chil- 
dren — ana making sure to deliver 
what they wanted: a less-bewildering 
array of goods, readily identifiable 
products and user-friendly stores. 

Ms. Iverson is trying to use the same 
methods at Laura Ashley. That means 
paring down and modernizing the 
company’s merchandise to appeal to 
women who want feminine, not 
frumpy, clothes. It also means finning 
up its flabby business practices, shift- 
ing its sales mix away from clothing 
and toward home furnishings with 
their wider profit margins, ana — per- 
haps most important — giving Laura 
Ashley a new image to replace its 
outdated one. 

“What I found when I arrived was a 
brilliant brand with tremendous cus- 
tomer loyalty and opportunities and 
potential, but internally a business 
mess," she said. “The brand had lost 
its way from a design direction point of 
view after Laura Ashley died, and no 
one had stood up and identified what 
tire company’s point of view oi iden- 
tity was supposed to be." 

With hundreds of stores and con- 
cessions scattered around the world, 
and different merchandise sold in dif- 
ferent places, she said, the company 
"didn’t have a common product, a 
common store design layout or com- 
mon graphics. It had a lot of very 
confused customers.’ ’ 

CcnpHtd By Our Sstf Fmm DapaBitry 

MILAN — Italy is ready to take fur- 
ther steps to cut its deficit to join a single 
European currency but it would be an 
“arduous task” to meet the criteria this 
year, the treasury minister said Sunday. 

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi said Italy was 
“working with determination,” to cut 
its budget deficit to 3 percent of gross 
domestic product as required by the 
Maastricht treaty on European integ- 

‘ ‘Italy is already more credible today 
than yesterday," be said. “It has de- 
cisively beaten inflation. It has earned a 
strong fall of interest rates in the market, 
and its currency is maintain ing itself 
without problems at its central parity.” 

But Antonio Fazio, the governor of 
the Bank of Italy, said that Italian eco- 
nomic activity was “unsatisfactory” 
and that the economic slowdown under 
way in 1996 had worsened at the end of 
tire year. 

GDP growth in 1997 would be a little 
more than 1 percent, Mr. Fazio said, 
based on economic data available so for. 

Prime Minister Romano Prodi said 
Saturday at a public meeting in Bologna 
that the economy needed “a dose of 

Mr. Prodi said the government had 
already begun or planned a number of 
initiatives designed to kick-start 
growth, including measures to stimulate 
the construction and car industries and 
reforms of the school, military service 
and justice systems. 

“I started my job eight months ago, 
and we’re already further ahead than 34 
governments," Mr. Prodi said, a ref- 
erence to Italy's tradition of chronically 
unstable politics. His center-left Olive 
Tree coalition government is the 55th 
since World War II. 

“The Olive Tree government works 
seriously, well, calmly and does not 
fight,” said Mr. Prodi. adding that he 
was renewing Italy “for real. 

Italy, like other European nations, is 
trying to reduce to 3 percent its share of 
deficit to GDP to qualify for monetary 
union at its outset Jan. 1, 1999. 

On Dec. 22, Parliament passed the 
1997 budget bill, which includes 6250 
trillion lire ($3930 billion) in budget 
cuts. An additional defidt-trimrning, 
midyear budget is expected to try to 
further reduce the deficit ratio. 

Mr. Fazio said Saturday that the 
budget deficit must be trimmed through 
spending cuts. Italy ran budget deficits 
equal to 7.4 percent of GDP in the past 
two years. 

Mr. Ciampi said Sunday that interest 
rates must be further reduced to help the 
government achieve its goal. Lower 
rates, he said, would “create less strain 
on the public sector, the effects of which 
will spread to the rest of the economy." 

The treasury minister and the central 
banker were speaking at a meeting of 
the I talian Forex Club in Milan. 

Mr. Fazio cut Italy's benchmark dis- 
count rate 0.75 percentage point, to 6.75 
percent, on Tuesday. But even after the 
reduction, Italian interest rates remain 
among the highest in the European Uni- 
on. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 

■ U.K. Restates Option on Euro 

Kenneth Clarke, the chancellor of the 
Exchequer, denied Sunday that Bri- 
tain's policy had hardened against the 
planned single currency and said the 
country's option to join remained intact, 
news agencies reported from London. 

Mr. Clarke told the BBC he thought it 
highly unlikely that monetary union 
would start as scheduled on Jan. 1 , 1 999, 
adding that the timetable should be 
delayed if countries could not meet con- 
vergence criteria. 

If countries were not genuinely con- 
verging, he warned, they would be tak- 
ing risks by going ahead. 

Mr. Clarke said he would not rule out 
Britain's joining the single currency and 
said it was “not impossible" it would 
do so in 1999. 

But Prime Minister John Major said 
the prospect of a British government’s 
losing control over domestic interest 
rates was an argument against ever join- 
ing a single currency. 

During its interview with Mr. Clarke, 
the BBC quoted extracts of an interview 
with Mr. Major to be published in the 
U.S. magazine New Yorker, inducting 
comments on selling the euro in Par- 

"I wouldn't like to be the chancellor 
of tiie Exchequer who went to it and 
said, ‘Well, I no longer have any control 
over interest rates. I am sorry they have 
gone up 3 percent but it's nothing to do 
with me,’ ’’ Mr. Major was quoted as 
saying. ( Bloomberg , Reuters) 

SK loan Plan Aims to Help Turn the Poor Into Entrepreneurs 

linkmc the mi- A 

! By Paul Lewis 

New York Times Service 

csmqmign to help poor people by en- 
is expetoted to be endorsed by President 
BiH Clinton, several other leadens and 

Private anti-poverty groups have 
drawn up apian that calls for $21 .6 billion 
to be advanced to nearly 100 million poor 

people over tiie next eight years. The 
money would be in the form of small 
loans to finance entrepreneurial activities 
such as small-scale farming or trade. 

Among the plan’s backers are major 
international aid agencies, banks, cor- 
porations and foundations. They believe 
such small loans — often no more than a 
few hundred dollars — offer the best 
way to help the roughly 23 billion 
people worldwide now living in abject 
poverty. Nearly two-thirds of those 
people are women and children. 

Hillary Rodham Clinton will be co- 
chairman of the meeting, scheduled for 
Feb. 2 to 4, with Queen Sofia of Spain 
and Tsutomu Hata. a former prime min- 
ister of Japan. Speakers are to include 
toe heads of toe World Bank and toe 
United Nations Development Program. 

Nancy Barry of women's World 
Banking, an organization promoting 
credit for poor women and one of tiie 
meeting’s backers, said the move sought 
to reallocate existing aid to “micro- 
credit” programs. “They are more ef- 

ficient than public-sector spending be- 
cause once the poor have incomes they 
can look after themselves,” she said. 

Practically no one doubts that giving 
the poor small credits, normally secured 
by no more than a collective pledge 
from neighbors that they will be repaid, 
can be an important tool to reduce 
poverty. Such credit plans, which had 
about a million clients in 1985. now 
have about 10 million. 

But critics contend that the meeting's 
backers are making exaggerated claims 

that raise unrealistic expectations. 

They say “microcredit,” as such 
small loans are known, appeals to politi- 
cians by promising to reduce poverty 
without the pain of big aid budgets. 
Most microcredit organizations are fi- 
nancially non viable and require sub- 
sidies, they say. 

They fear toai toe grouadswell of 
interest in microcredit will divert scarce 
aid funds from more mundane devel- 
opment goals like health and education 

Gulf Nation Offers Web-Censor Service 



D UBAL United Arab 
Emirates — The 
monopoly Internet 
provider in me United Arab 
i Kminrtwg has introduced a 
1 service to censor World Wide 
Web sites that breach local 
. moral vahiesr and traditions. - 
Executives fiom toe stale 
4 telecommu nications com- 
pany Etisalat Said tiie new 
Proxy Service would be com- 

pulsory for the country's 
9,669 subscribers, who will 
have to configure their Web 
browsers by Fbb. 2. 

-‘The service was launched 
today as part of our efforts to 
improve the Internet service 
to our subscribers after 
lengthy study and reseaich," : 
a Etisalat executive said Sat- 
urday.“We were working on 
it before some official state- 
ments were made on the need 


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is is is 

PwiI i A i wmt 142A. /BmsM: 

to control access to some sites 
on the service." 

The move follows ideated 
rails to regulate access to the 
Internet in the conservative 
Gulf region, where some are 
worried about the spread of 
pornography as well as reli- 
gious awl political malarial 
through tiie global network of 
. interiudoed computers. 

Last year Dubai's chief of 
police. Major General Dhahi 
Khalfan Tamim, created a 
rare public uproar by saying 
that the Information Ministry 
uid the police, rather that Eti- 
salat. should be authorized to 
issue Internet licenses, be- 
cause it is the job of those 
agencies to monitor data 
enmfng mm the country and 
to maintain security. 

Teteconmmpjcations ana* 
lysis said, the; Proxy Service 
would not be "foDy water- 
tight," but that it would help 
block access to known and un- 
wanted tiles, a list of which updated continually. 

. The service will be pro- 
grammed in advance with the 
Internet addresses to be 
blocked offi industry sources 
said, but it wiQ be unable to 
bkxk access tftbe addresses of 
pnSnWted sites are changed, 
as frequently happens. 

Fffoafot gaid it would dis- 
conneaajstomcrs who abused 
its fraezhei services' and vio- 
lated "order and dear laws." . 

• Germany Drops Case 

: Prorecutors in Mtmidi 
.have decided not to press 
.charges against Felix Somm. 
Cenhal Europe manager for 
the U^.-based on-line ser- 

vice provider CompuServe 
Corp^ for allegedly distrib- 
uting pornographic materials 
on toe Internet, Bloomberg 
News reported from Munich. 

“Noc only CompuServe, 
but the whole industry, can 
breathe a sigh of relief," Mr. 
So mm said Saturday. 

Mr. Somm. who is respon- 
sible for CompuServe's op- 
erations in Gennany, 
Switzerland and Austria, said 
of toe decision by prosecutors 
cub Friday that "tiie future de- 
velopment of Germany as an 
on-line center will be posi- 
tively influenced." 

CompuServe was first 
ordered by German author- 
ities to block Internet sites 
containing sexually explicit 
material 13 months ago. Ger- 
man prosecutors tola Com- 
puServe then that it was 
breaking German law by al- 
lowing minors and adults ac- 
cess to child pornography, 
among other materiaL 

CompuServe responded by 
saying it would voluntarily 
Mock customer access world- 
wide to more than 200 sexu- 
ally explicit language-only 
newsgroups selected by Ger- 
man officials. 

CompuServe, which is 80 
percent owned by H&R 
Block Ino, had 335,000 sub- 
scriber in Gennan-speaking 
countries as of mid-October, 
up from 272,000 in April Mr. 
Somm said Last October that 
the company . planned to 
double its number of sub- 
scribers in German-speaking 
countries to 600,000. 

Internet address: , 

N *v. 


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Dollar-Denominated Bonds Make a Splash 

By Carl Gewirtz 

l ntr motional Herald Tribute 

velopments is the record amount of out- 
standiiag paper scheduled to mature in the 
first quarter. Data compiled by the Bank 
for International Settlements in Basel 
Switzerland, show that a record $72 bil- 
lion worth of bonds are to be redeemed 
during this period, with dollar-denom- 
inaied repayments amounting to almost 
530 billion, or 41 percent of the total 

The dollar is the flavor of the month. 
The currency is now on a roll, trading at 
a 47-month high against the yen and at a 
31 -month hi^i against the Deutsche 
mark. This is partly caused by the at- 
tractive level of U.S. interest rates. Only 
Britain. Italy. Australia and New Zea- 
land, among the major markets, offer 
higher returns. 

Under these circumstances, bankers 

• PARIS — The opening quarter is 
always a fast-running one in the in- 
ternational capital market, and this year 
is no exception. 

New issues to date total S69 billion, 
data supplied by Salomon Brothers Inc. 
show — up 23 percent from the year-ago 
period ana it is poised to top the monthly 
record of $80 billion set in October. 

More unusual than the heavy volume 
of issues is the percentage denominated 
in dollars — S31 billion, or 45 percent of 
total, Salomon data show. In the year- 
ago period, the dollar's market share 
was a mere 30 percent. 

Part of the explanation for both de- 

report that continental investors seeking 
a refuge from the uncertainty surround- 

ing the future single European currency 
are moving into dollars and pounds. 

The move into pounds may already 
have peaked, bankers say. as the pros- 
pect for further currency appreciation 
looks doubtful. By contrast, with ex- 
pectations that the Federal Reserve 
Board will soon raise U.S. Interest rates, 
the outlook for further gains in the dollar 
are bright 

The expected currency gain would 
offset any negative impact on securities 
prices from a rise in money-market rates, 
analysts report Moreover, the bulk of 
the new-doliar offerings are short-dated 
three-year issues, which are traditionally 
less vulnerable than long-term paper to 

changes in official policy. 

Nor is it certain that the Fed will act 
Market interest Tates since the start of 
the year are up between 0.125 and 0.25 
percentage point depending on matur- 
ity, and me dollar is up some 5 percent, 
on average, against European curren- 
cies and nearly 3 percent against die 
yen. Both interest-rate and currency 
moves will tend to dampen U.S. growth, 
which analysts think was running well 
over a 4 percent annual rate at the end of 
last year. The figure far the fourth 
quarter will be announced on Friday. 

Bur analysts are more focused on the 
employment cost index, scheduled for 
release Tuesday, for a signal to what the 
Fed might do at its next policy-making 
meeting bn Feb.4. 

U.S. Unemployment Data to Keep 
Pressure on Treasury Bond Prices 

■ _La aaIm nVrtfitC 

Bridge News ^IS^XLctioo of inflation 

NEW YORK --Economic reports peaaums S^isa trieaiws- 

due over the next few weeks that ****** lESaSto iSSSEt 
could contain evidence of mflanon **■ . 

should keep Treasny bond prices un- 

The prospect that the dollar’s rally Percent is 

agaiflsttheyenhasendedalsowcaus- and some traderatfamk 7percenr 
mg concern because foreign investors possible m the next few weeks. 

at 6*9 


Most Active International Bends 

New International Bend Issues 

The 250 mostactive international bonds traded 
through the Euroclear system for the week end - 
rig Jan. 24. Prices suppfed by Tetefcura. 

cpn Maturity Price Yield 

cm Maturity puce Yield Compiled by Laurence Desvitettes 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Austrian Schilling 

204 Austria 
247 Austria 

54* 01/17/07 98.9000 5.6900 
6ft 05/31/06 10X5500 6.0400 

Belgian Franc 

139 Belgium 
191 Belgium Olo 

9 03/2B/03 T 207500 7^500 

716 07/29/00 112-7000 6.OS00 

Canadian Dollar 

Id 7 Cana eta 
174 Canada 

714 0*01/03 105.6600 6X500 
7 12/01/06 102.9000 6X000 

Danish Krone 

5 Denmark 
18 Denmark 
24 Denmark 
27 Denmark 
35 Denmark 
40 Denmark 
43 Denmark 
59 Denmark 
75 Denmark 
88 Denmark 
98 Denmark 
108 Denmark 
130 Denmark 
142 Denmark 
190 Denmark 

8 03/1*06 

9 11/1*00 

9 11/1*98 

7 11/15/07 
7 1I/1Q/24 

7 12/1*04 
B 11/15/01 

8 05/15/03 

6 12/10/99 

7 08/15/97 

6 11/15412 

5 06/1*05 

4 02/1*00 

7 02/1*98 

6 02/1*99 
















97 Germany 
101 Treuhand 

104 Treuhand 

105 Treuhand 

106 Germany 

107 Germany 

2 Germany 
115 Germany 
119 Germmry 
724 Germany 
128 Treuhand 
131 Germany 
135 Germany 
ISO Germany 
152 Germany 

154 Germany 

155 EIB 

156 DSL Fin 

160 BA Credit COrd 
164 Germany 
167 Greece 
169 Germany 
184 Austria 
192 Germany 
194 Germany 
203 TVA 

205 German States 
207 Germany 
212 Denmark 
222 Germany TbBb 
226 Germany 
233 World Bank 
242 NorditieinW Ld 

5* 04/29/99 

5 12/17/98 
61* 0*2*96 
534 0*2098 

8 09/22/97 
814 0*21/00 
6*8 12/02/98 
5 ft 02/2*98 
61* 055099 

7 11/2*99 
ST* 11/2097 

8 0*2097 
7V. 10/20/97 
514 08/20/97 

2.995 09/3*04 

6 10/22/03 

6 01/15/07 

6 11/15/05 

61% 02/24/99 
614 11/13/06 
6 02/2098 

6ft 01/10/24 
7» 01/20/00 
2-90 04/0*00 
6ft 09/18/06 
614 08/21/06 
614 02/2098 
5 10/1*01 
zero 04/1097 
8ft 05/22/00 
7ft 0*12/05 
5ft 05/14/02 










102. 7583 

173 Dresdner Bank zero 11/2*26 10.1501 7.9700 
187 Morgan Gfy zero 01/71/27 1X9000 7X600 


dnSBom) Mat 

Coop. Price 

% Pries sod 

Japanese Yen 

Floating Rale Nates 

172 World Bank 
196 World Bank 
221 World Bank 
228 EIB 
234 Fuji Inti 
248 Italy 

0*20/02 117ft 4X600 

0*2000 111ft 4X400 

12/2004 117ft 4X500 

09/2006 103X000 29100 
02/01/03 89X000 X3500 
0*0*05 106X250 3X500 

Banque Francaise du 
Commerce Exterieur 

SI 00 perpt ft 99X84 — 


tftmaflerZftgra-. R/ngbie wflft autstandtaa taua roMnp total mnaunf toSZSD m«San.Fi« 
0X0%. DenomkiaflatBSiaooo. (Margin Stouter WU 

Caplfya I ! Finance 

S2S5 2010 026 100X0 — 

Over Sroontt* Ubor. tswe fa be partWy paid In Jon, Fab. and Atori*. MtngaOes ym. 1 
040%. Denonrfnaflora SI mUtaa. CCBBmrdrWtJ 

Commerzbank Overseas 

$750 2001 

— Over Smooth LBx*. NaocaBable. FeullSK- (CommentwnkJ 

Norwegian Krona 

Goldman Sachs Group 

$500 2004 ft 99X4 — 

189 Norway Tbflls 4.70 0*1997 136001 39.9000 

NationsBank Capital Trust 

Spanish Peseta 

Santander Financial 

$500 2027 

■$150 2007 

<L55 98X9 — 

ft 99 JOB — 

Ovcr3moatt) Uboc.CiiaGfcteatparln2Q00L Foes 025%. DenwninaJlcwlSTtWOO. (Goldmon 

Sachs InrtJ 

Over 3month Ubor. Ceteobto a] per ta 20 07. Feet not cvcflaMe. [N qfl o rttfl Q f Capital MgrtadiJ 
Over Xmontti LAar. NoncoScMa. FMenot aaSobln. Bateman BmtMn Ml} 

166 Spain 
176 Spain 
209 Spain 
216 Spain 
239 Spain 

8X0 05/30/04 109X390 7J80Q 
8X0 04/3*01 1105020 7X000 
8X0 04/3*06 114X570 7X800 
10.10 02/20/01 1161670 8X900 
9X0 0*3*99 108X910 8X600 

Merrill Lynch & CO. 
Bank af Ireland 

DM300 1999 

£200 2009" 

V* 99MS 
035 99.90 

Dwr3maBftUQodMinaaM>teftesOX8%. WenU Lynditafll 

Intern} vriB be 0XS over 3morth Lfear untB 2004, when ten* ft ooOatde at pas HttraaBerOM 
aw. ftwflUO*. DeaominafloRS £100000. OR M«un SeavMm 

Woolwich Building Society 

£150 2012 ft 99X7 — 

Intent wo be ft am Smew* Ubor im« 2007, when haw Is cafchto at patinerenflvlft 
aw.FdeiaxDS. DenomtafiomElftOUa «CS FftsfBostanJ 

Swedish Krona 

SMM Company 

rTLX50000 1999 Ubor 100X0 — 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 
. 4 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 
. 9 Germany 
10 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 
.14 Treuhand 
15 Germany 

.16 Treuhand 
.17 Garnany 

19 Germany 

20 Germany 

22 Germany 

23 Treuhand 
26 Germany 

28 Treuhand 

29 Treuhand 
.30 Germany 

1 31 Treuhand 
■ 32 Germany 

33 Germany 

34 Germany 

36 Germany Thills 

37 Germany 

38 Germany 

39 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Treuhand 

46 Germany 

47 Germany 

49 Trrohond 

50 Treuhand 

51 Treuhand 

52 Germany 

53 Germany 

55 Germany 

56 Treuhand 
58 Treuhand 
W Germany 
51 Treuhand 
62 Germany 

84 Germany 
66 Treuhand 
69 Germany 
72 Germany 
■73 Germany 

78 Germany 

79 Germany 
51 Germany 
83 Germany 
■84 Germany 

85 Germany 
■90 Germany 
■91 Germany 

93 Germany 

94 Treuhand 

95 Germany 

6ft 04/2*06 103X725 
6 01/04/07 102.0000 
8 01/21/02 1163000 
6W 10/1*05 105.6220 
6 01/0*06 102.1700 
5 08/2*01 1012850 
m 05/12/05 108X900 

8 07/22/02 114.7900 
8ft 09.3*01 114X800 

5 0*21/01 1 02X500 
7Vs 09/09/04 112X800 
7ft 01/03/05 111.7767 
7ft 120*02 111X050 
3Ms 12/1*98 100.1200 
6ft 01/0424 95.8471 

6 0*1*06 102.1020 
3”! 09/1*98 100.2600 
7ft 01/29/03 110X750 
7ft 11/11/04 112X367 
6ft 07/09/03 107X267 
6ft 06/1 1/03 108.9800 
5ft 11/21/00 103X960 
6ft 07/01/99 1063000 
5ft 02/21/01 1033625 
Bft 05/21/01 1149700 
6ft 07/15/03 107.0200 
zero 07/1097 98X014 
5ft 0*22/00 105X250 
51b 0*15/00 105.6725 

9 10/2*00 1160067 
Bft 08/2*01 1167750 
6ft 04/23/03 107.1350 
8ft 02/20/m 114.9300 
8ft 12/20/00 115.9550 
6tt 03/04/04 1Q5 3000 
7ft 10/01/02 113X867 
6ft 05/13/04 1080700 
8ft 07/2*00 114,7825 
8ft 07/21/97 102X400 
7ft 12/20/02 110X533 
6ft 03/2*98 103X200 

6 11/12/03 1062540 
6ft 03/15/00 107.2540 

5 01/14/99 102.9350 
6ft 0*22/03 1085050 

7 12/22/97 103X100 
6ft 07/29/99 1062200 
6ft 0*2*98 104X400 
fift 09/1*99 107.6400 

7 01/13/00 1087440 

6 0*2*16 95X075 
7ft 1*21/02 111X275 

6 09/15A13 1067238 
Sft 02/22/99 103X475 
6ft 07/1*04 1081600 
6ft 01/2*98 103X300 
5ft 0*2*991067800 
7ft 1*2*97 103.1400 
5ft 1*2*98 103.1600 
5ft 09/24/98 103X100 
7ft 02/21/00 110.9700 

25 Netherlands 
45 Netherlands 
70 Netherlands 
77 Netherlands 

86 Netherlands 

87 Netherlands 
92 Netherlands 
99 Netherlands 
709 Netherlands 
111 Netherlands 
114 Netherlands 

117 Netherlands 

118 Netherlands 
120 Netherlands 
123 Netherlands 
143 Netherlands 
149 Netherlands 
162 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 
781 Netherlands 

185 Netherlands 

186 Netherlands 
213 Netherlands 
215 Netherlands 
21 B Netherlands 
225 Netherlands 
230 Netherlands 
235 Netherlands 

6M 07/1*98 104.1100 

6 01/1*06 103X500 
5ft 09/15(02 1062500 
Bft 09/1*01 117.2000 
8ft 02/15/00 112.1500 
9 01/1*01 1167000 
9 0*1*00 115X500 

5ft 01/1*04 1010000 

7 031*99 1069500 
7 06/1*05 109.9000 

6ft 11/1*05 1081500 
7ft 01/1*23 113X000 
8ft 06/15/02 11 6ft 

7ft 1*01/04 111ft 

8ft 02/1*07 119X500 
7ft 04/1*10114X000 
6ft 0*1*03 107X000 
7ft 03/01/05114X500 
7ft 06/15(99 1086200 
8ft 03/15(01 115.1800 
8ft 0*01/00 1161000 
7 02/15/03 110X500 
7ft 11/1*99 109X500 
9 07/01/00 115X500 
7ft 01/1*00 110X500 
6ft 01/1*99 105.6500 
SU 02/15/02 115X500 
6ft 07/1*98 104X000 

63 Sweden 
100 Sweden 1036 
182 Sweden 
199 Sweden 
237 Sweden 

11 01/21/99 112X570 9X000 
10ft 0*0*00 115X290 8X600 
6 02(09(05 973010 61700 
13 0*15/01 129X620 160700 
6ft 1*2*06 98X620 65900 

Inteest win be the 6-morth Ubor. 
fee. CLP. Morgan SaontriesJ 

Noncofttte. Fees not dtadased. DetmtaaflaaslOOi 

U-S. Dollar 


Banco Sofia' 

Banque Jntle a Luxembourg 

71 France OAT 
127 France OAT 
133 France B.TAN. 
141 France BTAN 
148 Britain 
157 France OAT 
180 France OAT 
183 France OAT 
193 France OAT 
21 4 France BTAN 

7 0*3*06 
7ft 04/2*05 
6 0*16/01 
5 03/1699 

5 01/26/99 
9ft 02/21/01 

6 04/2*04 
9ft 04/2*00 
6ft 04(2*02 
Bft 04/2*22 
7ft 03/16/98 
4ft 02/2*06 













6 Brazil Cap 8L 4ft 04/1*14 81X882 5X200 
11 Argentina FRN 6ft 03/29/05 881383 7X200 

21 Argentina par L 5ft 03/31/23 669870 80800 

44 Brazil 6ft 01/DflAH 97.9500 66400 

a Mexico lift 05/15/26 109X250 164900 

54 Brazil L 6ft 04/1*06 89X880 72200 

SI Brazil par Zl 5 04/15/24 64X510 7.7600 

65 Brad S.L 6ft 0*15/12 79X510 82400 

67 Venezuela A 6ft 0*31/20 77X750 86700 

68 Mexkn par A 6ft 12/31/19 75X563 8X600 

74 Brazil SJl 6ft 04/1*24 80.1500 8.1100 

76 Venezuela zero 12/18/07 89X600 

80 Mexico par B 6ft 12/31/19 75X010 82700 

82 Ecuador 3 02/28/15 67X824 4X500 

89 MexJco 9ft 01/1*07 100X500 9.6600 

96 Argentina L 6ft 0*31/23 81.1120 7X600 

103 Bulgaria 6ft 07/20/11 52J260 12.6800 

110 Brazil S.L 6*6 04/2*09 85.1250 7.7100 

113 Poland 6ft 1*27/24 98X000 6X100 

121 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 94X545 7X900 

122 Mexico 7ft 0*0*01 100.9000 7X000 

125 Poland 4 1*27/14 842000 4J5Q0 

126 Ecuador par 3ft 02/2*25 472717 6X800 

129 Mexico A 6X53 12/31/19 91X760 7X500 

132 Argentina 5ft 0*01/01 125.7000 4X200 

? 34 Mexico D 6352 12/28/19 90X000 7X200 

136 CADES 5X59 12/1001 99.7500 5X700 

137 Ford Motor 5ft 01/17/02 987900 5JOOO 

138 Mexico lift 09/1*16 1092500 10X100 

140 Britain 5Vit 1*048)1 99X600 5X200 

Beta Finance 
BNP Pocffic Australia" 

Bremer LB Capital Markets 


General Electric Capital 

■$2X00 2017“ 

S200 2004" 

so 66 566T 

$250 M00 - 

£200 1WT 

“sioo 200 T 

$210 2000 

“ST50 2002" 

11ft 99X16 700X0 

8ft 99ft — 

6ft 101X4 9937 

6ft 100.9075 99X8 

6ft 100X7 99X0 

6ft 101.04 99X5 

5J2 100X0 — 

6ft 101X75 100X0 

Semk inn aaPy. Noncafl ab te. Fern ]%. CMenll Lynch Inti) 

5et nl immKriy.WBdwmc^rtpmta2«>4 F maJO % .Denotaln^QMSTOa008(U8SJ 

ftaoffemd at 99X5. NoncuMifai Fees )MK.(BIU 

Raofferedat 99.72. NgncaBaMe. Fees lWfc. tSBC WretwyJ 

Roafteed at 99X95. NanaflafaiB. FenIVWfc. tBNPJ ' 

Reoffend at 99A± Nonazflobte. Fees 1*M6. (CMbankMU — 

SemlanmMWy.Nrx xa flB t ft ita vrteplaqMieaL 7^13018 OwionrliiullowSiaciKLqBJ tatt) 
Jteritcred at 100X5. CMkMe at porta 1999. Fees UM8 CMorpan Stanley InlO 


Hetaba Irrfl Finance 



6ft 100.924 99X1 RnfteedatyfeTft NenaMMe.Fta9ltt%. UP. Morgan Secufte) 

6ft 100.9595 99X8 Raoftete W99 JTi'NcncaMife. FdM lft%. (Paribas Capital MariartsJ 
6ft 100.939 99X1 RmOcred at 99364 . HaocdOabU. FeraTftlLCSBC WmtMr^ 

6ft 100X595 99X5 Reaflared td 99J772.No«Ka»aW«. Fees l Wfc. (ABN- AMRO Hoare GamftT 

LB Schleswig Holstein 



$200 2001 

S200 MM 

6ft 100X06 99.17 Rtolfemd at 99X08 NooaAAIe. Fees 1H%. tHSBCNtaricetsJ 
6ft 101/18 99X7 Rmn«n^997AKore2ila^Fanl4Uk(BeivStBrembirtj' 

Perez Companc 
Quebec Province 

Sodete Naflonale des 
Chemins de Fer Franaris 

9 100X0 SemkmauQBy.NanariatateFeesa50K. (Morgan StredeylafU 

7 99.166 98X1 Serotann«rcy. NancpdntUg. Few (Z3759L Wwtflt Lynch MJ 

6ft 101X55 — Reaftetd at 99x3. Noncntotole. Fms in%.(BanqrwPUO»sCai>MMart(alsJ 

■WUUIIIWIII mM-wn mvwi "diwre Jww = “T. — -- ■ — ^ S 

144 BrazB Cbond SJL 4ft 04/1*14 85X387 5X600 Toyota Motor Credit COtp. 

Finnish Markka 

179 Finland Serials 7ft 0*1*06 108599) 6X800 

French Franc 

)59 France BTAN 

161 France B.TAJ4. 4ft 

170 France OAT 
175 France OAT 

188 France B.TA.N. 5ft 

229 France OAT 
245 France OAT 

1 112X200 
1 109X900 
: 101X400 

Irish Punt 

6ft 1*1*01 103.1000 6X000 

Italian Lira 

1 45 Wachovia Bk 7 1*17/08 99X500 7X500 

151 Finland 5ft 02/27/06 93X750 6X600 

153 Russia 9ft 11/27/01 973 000 93900 

158 EIB 7ft 09/1*06 1(0X250 6X400 

163 Bulgaria 6>v» 07/2*24 57X00011X700 

165 Ecuador 6ft £0/2*25 72.9367 89100 

168 Canada 6ft 05/3*01 1005000 6X700 

171 Argentina 11 1WQ9/06 105X750 10X400 

177 EIB zero 11(0*26 13X000 7X800 

195 Bulgaria 2ft 07/2*12 39X760 5.7000 

197 BTC Capital 6X44 12/30/26 99X000 6X300 

198 Argentina 8ft 12/2*03 95X500 87900 

200 BrazB Bft 11(0*01 100.7500 8X100 

201 Myttfa Trust zero 09/7*07 58.1600 

202 Nigeria 6ft 11/1*20 684200 9.1300 

206 Fannie Mae 6ft 01/1*02 99X750 6X800 

208Argentarta 6ft (0/14/06 93X750 6X300 

210 Panama pdl 6Yu 07/17/16 84X125 7X100 

211 Argentina SV» 09/m/m 1181000 5.1600 

21 7 Mexfco B 6ft 12/31/19 989956 7X100 

219 Ecuador 3 02/2*15 67.7533 4X300 

220 World Bank 6ft 08/21/06 993750 6X700 

223 Venezuela B 6ft 0*31/20 77.9375 8X600 

224 Britain 6ft 07/19/01 1Q1X500 6X700 

227IADB 6ft 09(27/01 101X000 67700 

231 Pokmdpar 3 1*27/24 55X767 5X700 

232 World Bank 5X8 09/27/99 98X849 5J400 

238 Mexico C 6ft 12/31/19 91X035 7X100 

240 Mexico 9ft 02/0*01 104X750 9X400 

241 Phffippines Rx 8ft 1*07/16 1025000 85400 

243 Ferrovte State 9ft 07/0*09 117ft 7J600 

246 Italy B zero 01/1*01 77.7500 6X500 

249 Argentina 5 M4 12/28/99 363625153100 

lln (banco 

Bertelsmann UX. Finance 

European Investment Bank 


Boyerische HypsMcen und 

$350 2002 

SI 50 2000 

DM200 2002 

DM1X00 mf 

H)M200 2002 

£200 2007 

£100 2000 

6ft 101.17 
8 99X23 

4ft 100.94 

zero 28ft 

2ft 92J25 
7ft 99X15 

9929 Reatteed at 99 A4&NancaDai)taFmlMb. (Morgan Stater taril) 

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Daimler-Benz UK 

European Bank tar 
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£100 2000 

£100 1998 

7 100ft 

6 100X0 

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European Investment Bank 
GMAC Inti Finance 
Harvard Uraveisily 
IMI Bank Inti 

£150 2004 
£150 2000 
~£75 2000 
~OS 2000 

92.141 — 

7ft 100996 — 

6ft 101 3775 — 

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1009154 — 

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246 Italy B 

102 Deulsche Bk Fta zero 01/2V32 8X000 7.4800 Z50Std Chartered 3 5.90 12/31/9 9 86X700 6X300 

The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, Jan. 27-31 

A schedule of week's economic and financial events, camfubd tor the international Herald Tribune by Bloomberg Business News. 

Nestle Holdings 
Rabobank Nederland 
United Parcel Service 
Council of Europe 

6ft 1087475 — 
6ft 100.98W " 

6ft 101X125 — 

£100 2000 
FF1X00 2007 

6ft 101X775 — 

Raotrered at 99X8 NcBaadoMe. Ftes lft». (SBC Wurtxinp 
Reoflamdar 99X8 NamaKdite Fww lWL (CS Fieri Boston) 
Rnffered 0199325. NcncnBaWe. Fda IftK. (SBC WtartMgJ 
RBOfteKl at 9939. NanaMda. Ftts TVWb-CMwrfetjndi (ntU 

4X0 101X5 — 

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NoncaMXfe Few IWSL Denrerdnafensl afeka tames. teemmNaBonalettePmlsj 



Basel, Switzerland: Novartis AG ex- 


Boyerische Hypotheken und ITL308000 2005 

Wecbsel Bonk 

European Investment Bank ffQBSSoO 2000 

Expected Manila: Board of Investment and Basel, Switzerland: Novartis AG < 
This Week the Public Estate Authority sponsors pected to release pro-forma 1996 
its property forum called “Philippine sales figures, expected Tuesday. 
Property 1997." Monday to Davos, Switzerland: Annual meeti 

Wednesday. of the World Economic Forum of 

Davos, Switzerland: Annual meeting 
of the World Economic Forum of 
government and business leaders. 
Thursday to Feb. 4. 

Boca Raton, Florida: Morgan Stan- 
ley & Co. holds an Equity Research 
Latin American Conference. Mon- 
day to Wednesday. 

Montreal: Canadian Pulp & Paper 
Association begins conference on 
outlook for the country's forestry in- 
dustry. Monday to Tuesday. 

8 10840 99X5 

Internal wWba 8% unfliaOPl, vilwn Iwwi»taifliri»l6flt pah Uiwwif te 20% leBlwlcie'taB 12 - 

mcrrtft LAtor. Racffrfari at WJD. Foev 2%. CBaicn Camnmctale ttUkrnaJ 

TOO 101X0 99X5 

Rabobank Nederland 

RMHered of 99ft. RedBrepfloo amoant at maturffy wfl be Mad to «w pettaimace afmeMIB 
30 stock tadax. NoncxAriifa. Fees fft*. CDeafsdta Morgan GrenML) 

ITL25OQ00 2007 10 101.05 — 

Interest wfllbe 10% imtfl 2008 whan luuetea4M4a at pat flKreaflarl9W£ toss twice flm 6- 
rnonlh L0MK Reo/una at 99«l Foes 2%. (QwAo IMDawO 

WrisfLB Finance 

ITL250000 2002 6X0 101^455 99X7 

imeratf«Dba6XD% nriq 1999, whan issue b oXofaie atpreitteecfter 6X0%. FeaslftK. 
(Banco Nazianate drS LavaraJ 

World Bank 

ITL408000 2007 9ft 101X0 — 

be 9 ft%eri « 2008 whm asus h caM^repot. tawsrtlter 

month Lfear. RecfforedatyWlFe*s2%. (Credlto rtcdtanaj 

Jan. 27 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases its 
corporate services price index for 
December; Japan Automobile Man- 
ufacturers Association releases da- 
ta on vehicle exports in December. 

Copenhagen: Dan marks Statistik re- 
leases December wholesale prices. 
London: Preliminary fourth-quarter 
gross domestic product figures. 
Prague: Tbe Czech Statistical Of- 
fice releases December foreign 
trade figures. 

Washington: National Association of 
Realtors releases December home 
resales; U.S. Agriculture Depart- 
ment's report on planting progress. 
Earnings expected: Atlantic Rich- 
field Co.; Netscape Communica- 
tions Corp., Tyson Foods Inc. 

Depta Finance 

Dresdner Bank 



S PI 2X00 

5 101X5 99.40 

5ft 100.897 99X0 
5.68 101X5 

Maftarf ft 999k Kanadtabfenes raw. OtetotankMlj 

RmSteed at 99X22. HanaMUe. Foes 2%. (A8N-AMR0 Hoare Gove&j 

BBLintl Finance 

zero 63ft 61X0 

Boyerische Hypotheken und 

5ft 101X85 99J2 

YWd 804%. Nncdabte. Piaceeds438 irtDon kroner. Foes lft%. (BBL) 

Jan, 28 

Manila: Centra] Azucarera de Tar- 
lac holds annual stockholders’ meet- 
ing; Dizon Copper-Silver Mines Inc. 
stockholders to elect new directors. 
Tokyo: The Ministry of International 
Trade and Industry releases figures 
on crude oil imports for December. 

Rune: Employment in large Italian 
companies for October. 

Vienna: Trade Minister Szabolcs 
Fazakas of Hungary speaks on eco- 
nomic cooperation at the Austrian 
Association of industry. 

Earnings expected: Elaktrowatt AG. 

New York: Johnson Redbook re- 
search service releases weekly sur- 
vey of sales at 20 U.S. department 
discount and chain stores; January 
consumer confidence index. 
Washington: Fourth-quarter em- 
ployment-cost index. 

Boymteche Vaneinsbank 
Cradit Local de Francs 



Nava Scotia 


101X37 99.75 Bwffsre<#a/99487. NoocnBable. Fees !»%. CMoman Sfartay Wlj 

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4 100 -°° ~ SS« 2 i' SS ^ 1 teh ^ 

Wedrasday Tokyo: Ministry of international 
Jan. 29 Trade and Industry releases indus- 
trial production figures for Decem- 
ber and fourth-quarter 1996; MITI 
releases retail sales figures for De- 
cember and 1996. 

Rome: Report on hourly wages for 
Italian workers. 

Vienna: Economics Minister Jo- 
hann Famle'itner speaks on Austrian 
deregulation efforts to American 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Kansas City, Missouri: National 
Cattlemen's Beef Association annu- 
al convention. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada reports 
December industrial products price 
index and December raw materials 
price index 

Korea Develop went Bank Y70X00 2X0 1ft 100.00 99.95 NanoaUatae. Fees 029%. (Nomura luu 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

Money Bates 

Eurobond Yields 

Thursday Tok y° : Japan Automobile Manufac- 
Jan 30 lurers Association release figures 
on vehicle exports in December. 

Copenhagen: Fburth quarter and 
1996 unemployment report 
London: October M4 money supply. 
Paris: January industrial survey; 
Rhono-Poulenc presents 1996 earn- 
ings and 1997 prospects and out- 

Ottawa: December employment In- 

Washington: initial weekly slate un- 
employment compensation Insur- 
ance claims; weekly money supply. 
Earnings expected: Dow Chemical 
Co., and Sherwin-Williams Co. 



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Tokyo: January consumer price fig- 
ures for Tokyo and December con- 
sumer prices for Japan; December 
employment statistics; December 
housing starts and construction or- 
ders; quarterly business and con- 
sumer sentiment surveys. 

Paris; Insee releases December em- 
ployment statistics. 

Vienna: Institute for Advanced Stud- 
ies releases Austrian economic 
growth forecasts for years 1997 
through 2001. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada reports 
November grass domestic product 
at factor cost by industry. 
Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem releases weekly report on com- 
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PAGE 13 

For a Music and Circus Impresario, Life Has Come Full Circle 

career counselor at New Yoric Uni- 
versity, said Mr. Mohawk's career is in 

Prolong the reemis 

’L i ,vr e of the most innovative rock 

SZT* 0f 1960s and 

«?*« one of Caiada^ 
hjggest traveling one-ring circuses to 
ovw fiiihf music: again — this time in his 
farm ^ ^mpped stodio on a wo rkin g 

incidentally, not alone in using 
mia £ es to describe the mTe- 
Nekon BoU “. 

the image of a box: People should store 

reraately dropping them and plckme 
mem up as they go through life. 

The traditional image is the ladder, 
although Timothy Halt, until recently a 

many ways representative of the kinds of 
psreex changes being durst upon a grow- 
ing number of people. 

“There is no longer a ‘straight’ career 
bidder,** Mr. Haft said. “Paths wind and 
twist and mm, and it is di ffi cult to know 
today what career moves will pm one in 
a prime position IOyears from now.” 
Mr. Mohawk’s spiral began when be 
was 10 and stffl known as Barry firied- 
man, his given name. He was already 
producing variety shows at his local 
theater in ids hometown, Los Angeles. 
Later, as a teenager, be became assistant 
producer of the “Chncko the Clown*’ 
show at ABC-TV, and later of a series 
called “Stars of Jazz.** 

In 1964, Mr. Mohawk — as Bany 
Friedman — helped a disc jockey named 
Bob Eubanks promote The Beatles’ Hol- 
lywood Bowl concert, arrinq as publicist. 

him put together a band. The result was 
Buffalo Springfield — a name Mr. Mo- 
hawk gave them after seeing a steam- 
roller with that name on their street. The 
group's first album is dedicated to him. 

It was when he produced two songs by 
his friend Mike Nesmith on the first 
Butterfield Blues 

Band album in 
1965 that he 
launched the first 
twist of the record- 
producing spiral of 
his career. He went 
on to produce some 

in 1969 he produced one of the most 
important early folk-rock records, 
“Running, Jumping, Standing Still,*' by 
Spider John Koerner and Willie 

"What was most salient In those 
days,” said Mr. Holzman, now chief 
technologist of the 

Building a career means 
making good use of ‘bits 
and pieces of the past/ 

: then started his own publicity agency 
r of die top folk-rock singers 

of most important artists of the era, in- 
cluding The Holy Modal Rounders, Kal- 
eidoscope and Nico. 

He also toured with The Byrds, doing 
their sound mix at the legendary 
Monterey Pop festival in 1967. and sent 
Mr. Nesmith and Mr. Stills to audition 
for The Mookees pop group (Mr. Ne- 
smith made it). 

Mr. Mohawk sought the help of Jac 
Holzman, then chairman and owner of 
Elekma Records, to build a studio in the 
country on Sacramento Mountain. There 

Warner Music 
Group, was Mr. 
Mohawk’s “un- 
usual and prophet- 
ic take on artists 
and music. He was 
way ahead on Buf- 

falo Springfield, Jackson Browne, Neil 
ig and others." 


By the mid-1970s, however, Mr. Mo- 
hawk was so burned out by the music 
business that he would not even have a 
radio in his bouse. 

“The business part of the music busi- 
ness became bigger than the music part,’ ‘ 
he said. “ And it made me very nuts." 

It was time to spiral back. He moved to 
Toronto and returned to his Chucko roots, 
creating a business called Reni-A-Fool, a 
group of clowns-for-hire that threw cream 

pies at executives. It grew into Puck’s 
Canadian Traveling Circus, with 35 em- 
ployees, nine trucks and a big top. 

Mr. Mohawk's father was bead of the 
vocational rehabilitation service for the 
state of California and his mother was an 
artist, so be says his circus vocation 
comes from his godparents, Shirley and 
Norman Carroll, who were the pubOdsts 
for the Ringling Brothers, Gyde Beatty, 
and Cole Brothers circuses. 

Puck's Circus lasted half a decade, 
ending at the farm in Scbomberg, 
Ontario, a small town 45 minutes’ drive 
north of Toronto. More than 200.000 
school children have visited the 17Q- 
acre (68-hectare) site to roast com, learn 
about livestock and watch Fanner 
Gown perform. The milk cows have 
ranked in the top third in Canada for 
small herds. The sheep's wool is used to 
knit clothes sold ai me farm, and Mr. 
Mohawk himself lives off the produce. 

Today, more than 20 years after leav- 
ing the music business, Mr. Mohawk's 
career spiral has come around yet again 
with the establishment of The Studio at 
Puck's Farm. 

Mr. Mohawk and Anthony D'Atri, his 
partner, began recording, first with a 
small four-track recorder, and eventu- 

ally they sold the cows and reclaimed the 
bam as a studio. Mr. D'Atri himself 

hewed the 18-inch -wide pine planks and 
built the floating floor. The renovation 
cost about S100.000, “a little more than 
we thought,” Mr. Mohawk said. 

The studio features a mid-1 960s Neve 
console, Dolby stereo, a Studer 24-track 
recorder and a 28-foot ceiling supported 
by 150-year-old elm beams. Puck’s 
Farm also has a site on the World Wide 
Web at 

Puck's Farm Records’ first offering, a 
compact disk of children’s songs sung 
by Mr. D'Atri as Anthony the Singing 
Cowboy, came out in the autumn. 

Since then the label has brought out 
two other CDs: "Two Pianos. No Wait- 
ing, " an hour of boogie, ragtime, and 
blues from Scon Cushnie (once of Ron- 
nie Hawkins and The Band, and later 
Aerosmith), Doug Riley, and Joan Be- 
sen (of Prairie Oyster), and “Much Too 
Late,’’ by a Macedonian blues singer 
named Danny B. 



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in Paris 

(33-J) 41 4Z 93 91 
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United Nations Children's Fund 

Regional. Communication Officer 

Duty Station: A/nman, jonfain (Level P-5) 


The United Nation* □riltoen's Fund with I 

ri»CT^o^ri |e 

the Regional the hrornibent wffl i— r ,_ . r - — _ . — — 

al tsrreminkarian strate^esaid activities. In b trponai arMsoy Qpadty, prwide 
techrwai Bjppat to all etountry offices In the replan and , srppOT various dobal 
cocrwiuiicadon activities, tnctafine the tosrotopniftrt and pnmbn of fee^dc 

• Advanced university degree hi oomenunkarion, jaumafam, public relations 
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practices for „ 
rent dieorfes and praaldBs: 

■ Prawn abifity to conpapti 
knowledge aria skills. Abimy to 
in written and ore) tram. Proven .... 
working, strate^ WnkinR adwtacy, 

at national and international levels, 
countries and four years & the 
stems and r— 1 - — 


and execute Ideas as weil as to transfer 
deariy aid condsety ideas and concepts 
In hrfbrmaDon and cnromunicaiion, na- 

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• Fkrenqr In English and Airabte. . 

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199 7. AdcnawtaS^mrwit will be sent ONCY to shortliflEd i 

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Directeur Financier 

Exceptionnefle opportunity, pour ua prof cssio and de haut niveau de 1a Finance et 
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Careerji mt 

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for Bumros Feapta 
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betas, but have professmai (aperients: 
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32521 tanSyCaJo, Fran*. 



Swiss RjkBo International 

Swiss Radio International is looking for 


to work in its English-language news and current affairs 

It's an opportunity to work in brand-new digitalised 
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We are looking for young, English mother tongue 
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Herald Tribune 
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■■■■■■■VPMMMPilMPtCTMUMiLMtli'.lll'lfWil.llW'IP.Ili'.V-- 1 .' 


PAGE 15 

Canal Plus to Cut German Stakes 

BONN (Reuters) —Cana] Plus SA, the French pay television 
group, plans to reduce or even give up its stakes in Germany's 
pay TV channel Premiere and the commercial channel Vox, the 
.weekly news magazine Focus reported Sunday. 

* Focus, in an unsourced article, said Leo Kirch was prepared 
to take over the 37.5 percent stake in Premiere owned by Canal 
Plus. Mr. Kirt^ holds 25 percemofPremiere and Bertelsmann 
owns the remaining 37.5 percent Focus also said Canal Plus 
would no longer finance losses at Vox, a co mm er ci al network 
In which, it owns a 24.9 percent stake. 

Metallgesellschaft Near Settlement 

BONN (Reuters) 1 — Metallgesellschaft AG, a German 
industrial group. Is close to a settlement with its previous chief 
executive and finance officer, putting an end to events that 
nearly drove die firm to collapse in 1993, a newspaper 
reported over the weekend. 

Pakistan’s Obstacle to Trade 

Islamic Customs Curb Karachi Stock Exchange 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Waskiitgm Post Service 

KARACHI, Pakistan — A failed experiment in 
Pakistan's financial capital stands as an example of 
how religious-based customs can prevent developing 
countries from becoming more engaged with die 
global economy. 

Last year, on the first Friday in October, Pakistan's 

was the first tune in two decadeTdiai the Karachi 
Stock Exchange did business on a Friday — and it 
will probably be the last for a long time. 

The Karachi exchange's shift to a Samrday- 
Sunday weekend in a bid to attract more foreign 
investors lasted just one day because of opposition 
from Islam ic fundamentalists mid a lack of support 
from private businesses and the government. 

On Oct 4, the day of Friday trading, small fun- 
damentalist parties protested m from of the stock 
market and threatened unspecified consequences if it 
opened on Friday again. The market established in 
1947, promptly resumed its regular Sunday through 
Thursday schedule. 

like most Islamic countries, Pakistan begins its 
two-day weekend on Friday. The Koran, Islam ’s holy 
book, does not explicitly forbid work on Fridays. But 
most of the Is lami c world has adopted the custom of 
closing workplaces and taking Fridays off. 

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan was a latecomer 
to this Islamic custom. It was not until 1977, 30 years 
after independence, that P akistan shifted to a Friday - 
Saturday weekend. 

Two decades later, the initiative for going back to 
working on Fridays came from the Federation of 
Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the 

nation's largest business group. Its leaders predicted 
that Pakistan could increase its exports if the nation’s 
businesses were not out of touch with trading part- 
ners in Western and East Asian countries on Friday. 
Saturday and Sunday. 

Arif Habib, president of the Karachi Stock Ex- 
change, said he followed the chamber's lead with the 
understanding that the government would alter the 
workweek of state-owned banks and financial in- 
stitutions after the market opened for trading on a few 
consecutive Fridays. But the protest by the fun- 
damentalist parties, which have not fazed well in 
Pakistan's elections but do influence public opinion, 
apparently scared off the shaky government of 
Be n azir Bhutto, who was dismissed as {Time min- 
ister a month later. 

There was another problem: The chamber of com- 
merce opened its Karachi office Ocl 4, but few 
member companies did. The nation's business com- 
munity was divided between export-oriented indus- 
tries that favored the change and more numerous 
retailers that feared losing customers to competitors. 

Ghafoor Ahmad, deputy chairman of Pakistan's 
largest religious party. lamaai-e-Islami, said that 
business in Pakistan has not suffered from Friday 

Pakistan's foreign trade and investment have in- 
creased, but the growth has slowed during the past 
year because of Miss Bhutto's political troubles and 
the nation's economic problems, including a large 
budget deficit, a drop in foreign-currency reserves 
and the International Monetary Fund's hesitation to 
release crucial loans. For some of the same reasons, 
the Karachi stock market has lost half its value since 
an all-time high was reached in early 1994 partly on 
the strength of new foreign investment. 

Nasdaq to Raise Listing Standards 

Bloomberg News 

WASHINGTON — Tough list- 
ing standards for the 5,400 compa- 
nies thartrade cm the Nasdaq Stock 
Market are expected to be approved 
Tuesday by Nasdaq’s parent body 
after several cases of price manip- 
ulation by small companies, a Nas- 
daqofficial said Sunday. 

The standards, if approved by tbe 
Securities and Exchange Commis- 
sion, would make 1 1 percent of the 
Nasdaq roster ineligible to list on the 
second largest U.S. stock market. 

Tbe proposal is geared especially 
toward Nasdaq's Small Cap market, 
which listed several small companies 
that were recently accused of trading 

“This is a step that will help 
protect investors from fraudulent 
activity on Nasdaq/' said Rick 
Ketchum, chief operating officer of 
Nasdaq's parent, (he National As- 
sociation of Securities Dealers. “It 
will enable us to provide assurance 
of the bona fide qualifications of die 

companies we list.” 

Mr. Ketcbum said he expected the 
NASD board to approve the staff 
proposal Tuesday after considera- 
tion by tbe Nasdaq board. The Nas- 
adaq board’s action will not be an- 
nounced, NASD executives said. 

Many of the proposals for the 
SmallCap market involve upgrad- 
ing corporate-governance standards 


to the level of those on Nasdaq's 
National Market, where companies 
such as Microsoft Corp., Intel Catp. 
and Apple Computer Inc. trade. 

Among the proposals: 

• The National and SmallCap 
markets would toughen some listing 
requirements far net tangible assets, 
pretax income, market value of pub- 
lic float and bid price; 

• The SmallCap market would re- 
quire companies to have a minimum 
of two independent directors and an 
audit committee with a majority of 

Indonesian Firms Vow 
Fresh Support for Plan 
To Bridge Wealth Gap 

independent directors. Companies 
also would have to hold an annual 
meeting of shareholders; 

• No trading at under $1 a share 
could be listed on either marker. 

Nasdaq staff issued the proposal 
for public comment in November. 
Some small com panies objected to 
the prohibition on stocks of less than 
51, arguing investors should be al- 
lowed to buy inexpensive stock if 
they wanted to, Mr. Ketch um said. 

The boards will give serious con- 
sideration to this concern, be said. 

Under the staff proposal. Nasdaq- 
listed companies not meeting the 
requirements would be given a 
grace period to improve. About 570 
companies, or 30 percent of the 
SmallCap-listed companies, would 
not qualify under the proposals. 

Nasdaq and NASD Regulation 
Inc. were separated and strengthened 
about a year ago in an attempt to 
bolster the industry body's enforce- 
ment capabilities. Both units and the 
parent body have their own boards. 

By Michael Richardson 

tnienunioihit HtrqiJ Tribune 

JAKARTA — A group of In- 
donesia's wealthiest companies has 
agreed to intensify a program to help 
smaller businesses in what analysts 
said Sunday was an attempt to de- 
fuse government and public criti- 
cism for doing too little to bridge tbe 
gap between rich and poor. 

The group's spokesman, Sukam- 
dani Sahid Gitosandjono, head of 
one of the country's biggest hotel 
and real -estate conglomerates, said 
the formation of the group of 79 big 
businesses was a response to the 
government’s insistence that more 
must be done to overcome poverty. 

The move follows several serious 
riots in various parts of the country 
in which wealth disparity was evid- 
ently an underlying cause. 

President Suharto has warned that 
a growing wealth gap could lead to 
more widespread social unrest and 
weaken national unity. He declared 
last month that wealthy Indonesians 
who did not heed the call to help the 
poor could have their houses 
marked to shame them. 

Mr. Sukamdani said the newly 
formed business group had decided 
to set up a body to organize and 
coordinate all activities related to 
partnership programs with smaller 

* 4 We have all actually established 
partnerships with small businesses 
and cooperatives,'' he said. “Now 
we want to make them more in- 
tensive. ' ' Areas to be examined, Mr. 
Sukamdani said, would include pro- 
vision of managerial and technical 
assistance and low-interest loans. 

Similar measures have already 
been implemented by another group 
of 48 heads of major Indonesian 
businesses, who met in Jimbaran, 
Bali, in 1995. 

The so-called Jimbaran Group 
also pledged to help redress social 
disparities that have become more 
obvious in recent years as dereg- 
ulation has made Indonesia rely in- 
creasingly on market forces to gen- 
erate economic growth and jobs. 

The Jimbaran Group claims to 
have spent more than 2.1 trillion 
rupiah ($884.2 million) in 1996 on 
cooperative programs with small 
and medium-sized enterprises. 

Such smaller companies, which 
include subcontractors, retailers, 
workshops and cottage businesses, 
have die potential to create employ- 

ment in a country where the gov- 
ernment says that more than 25 mil- 
lion of the country's nearly 200 
million population lives below the 
official poverty line. 

In a related development, Indone- 
sia’s business elite has indicated that 
it will comply with a controversial 
regulation being drafted by the Fi- 
nance Ministry to raise more money 
for poverty alleviation programs 
overseen by Mr. Suharto. 

The regulation would enforce a 
presidential decree issued last 
month requiring individual and cor- 
porate taxpayers with net annual in- 
comes exceeding 1 00 million rupiah 
to pay 2 percent of their net income 
to support government programs to 
assist the poor. 

An estimated 11,000 corporate 
and individual taxpayers should be 
subject to the surcharge. Most for- 
eign multinationals are expected to 
go along with the charge. 

Form Panel 
To Aid Hanbo 

Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — Korea Fust Bank 
and 11 other prime creditor 
banks of the bankrupt Hanbo 
Steel & General Construction 
Co. will form a committee to 
help solve Hanbo’s problems, a 
spokesman for Korea First 
Bank said Sunday. 

The spokesman said the 
committee would hold its first 
meeting Monday to discuss 
ways to prevent a flood of bank- 
ruptcies and to increase finan- 
cial aid to about 850 subcon- 
tractors of Hanbo. 

Cunendy, 59 institutions in- 
cluding Korea First Bank, 
Korea Development Bank. 
Korea Exchange Bank and Cho 
Hung Bank, hold 56 billion 
worth of Hanbo's bad loans. 

Tbe chairman of Hanbo 
Group, Chung Bo Keun, said 
Friday his group would apply 
for court receivership for in- 
solvent Hanbo Steel and Hanbo 
Coq>., which would freeze all 
their assets and liabilities. 


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Chelsea Fells 
Liverpool, All 
In the 2d Half 


Chelsea made an outstanding come- 
back to defeat Liverpool, 4-2. in the 
fourth round of the F.A- Cup on Sunday 
after trailing, 2-0, at halftime. 

Liverpool, driven by an inspirational 
display by Steve McManaman. dom- 
inated the first half with goals from 
Robbie Fowler, after 10 minutes, and 

i - # *i‘ r 

r : - 


\-r ~ 

- * " - 

rtU-vi .* , X *- *.UC’ 

■ . -% '■ • - - 

Stan Collymorc. who scored after a mix- 
up in the Chelsea midfield 11 minutes 

But a tactical half-time substitution 
by Chelsea’s player-manager. Ruud 
Gullit, who brought on Mark Hughes for 
Scon Minto. transformed the match and 
gave Chelsea the victory* against Iasi 
season's runner-up in the Cup. Hughes 
halved the deficit within five minutes of 
coming on. 

Chelsea pulled even after 58 minutes 
when Gianfranco Zola beat James with 
a trademark curling left-foot shot from 
the edge of the box. Five minuies later 
Chelsea was ahead when Gianiuca Vi- 
alli scored easily after being put through 
by Romanian Dan Petrescu. Vialli add- 
ed the fourth from a Zola free kick. 

Two goals in five minutes by Ian 
Woan enabled Nottingham Forest to 
come from behind and beat Newcastle. 
2-1, in the F.A. Cup fourth round. 

The minor-league Woking equalized 
in the last minute to hold Coventry City 
of the Premier League ro a I - 1 draw, and 
the second-division Wrexham defeated 
West Ham. 1 -0. in a third-round replay. 

Bradford City, just two from the bot- 
tom of the first division, also scored an 
upset victory, beating Evenon. 3-2. in a 
fourth -round match. 

ITALY AC Milan's fading hopes of 
retaining its title all but disappeared on 
Sunday after a 3-1 defeat at Verona left 
the team 10th in the Serie A standings. 

Arrigo Sacchi's team has lost seven 
league "matches this season — as many 
as it has won — and it is 11 points 
behind the leader. Juventus. which de- 


Cyrille Roll of Bastia just avoiding a tackle by Eric Roy in Marseille. 

feated the league's bottom team, Reg- 
giana. 3-1. 

Juventus 's Michele Padovano, playing 
against his old club, scored to keep the 
European champions four points clear at 
the top of the standings with 36 points 
from IS marches. 

Second-place Sampdoria kepi Ju- 
ventus within its sights after coming 
from 2-1 down to defeat Perugia, 5-2, 
thanks to the prolific front-line partner- 
ship of Vincenzo Montella and Roberto 
Mancini. who both scored twice. 

srain Ronaldo celebrated his FIFA 
World Player of the Year award with a 
first-half ’ hat-trick as Barcelona 
thrashed Rayo Vallecano. 64). Sunday. 

Barcelona remained second in the 
Spanish championship, three points be- 
hind Real Madrid, which was led to a 4-0 
victory over Celia Vigo by the defender 
Roberto Carlos. 

W'ith the nearest challenger now sev- 
en points adrift, the league title again 
looks like a two-club race. Real and 
Barcelona face each other in the fourth 
round of the Spanish Cup at midweek. 

The game between Tenerife and the 
sixth-place Atletico Madrid was post- 
poned after 10 members of the cham- 
pions’ squad had gastroenteritis. 

France Bastia. down to 10 men for 
the last 20 minutes, missed the chance to 
move into second place in the French 
first division Saturday when it lost. 1-0, 
at Marseille. 

Bastia which had won seven of its 
last eight matches, had left-back Patrick 
Valery sen; off in the 70th minute for a 
second bookable offense. Victory 
would have taken Bastia into second 

5 lace, above Paris Saint-Germain. But 
iavier Gravelaine scored on the stroke 
of halftime to enable Marseille to climb 
two places to ninth. 

PORTUGAL Benfica lost. 2-1. to 
Belenenses at home on Saturday, its 
third consecutive defeat, and slipped to 
third place in the first division. 

Sporting beat Boavista. 3-1, at home 
to go into" second with 34 points, one 
ahead of Benfica. The reigning cham- 
pions have the title safely in their grasp 
with 44 points. 


NBA Standings 








3 D 




New York 

2 -» 






7 ! 






- 50 *) 


New Jersey 


2 ® 


13 : 









JI 4 

2 V-. 











6 1 -: 















13 ': 




16 '/ 

1 ,’dJona 








. 34 ) 

22 r 









1 ) 












12 ". 


1 J 









San Antonio 








. 1 ST 

Z 4 ’i 


LA. Lakers 








. 71 J 






5 ’-i 





12 te 

LA. Olppen 





Golden State 



J 90 

13 H 




JS 7 




20 » 


23 16—121 


33 17 


28 12—117 

O: Hardaway 9-1 7 7 -B 28 . Anderson 9 - 170 - 
7 24 ; B: Fo* 10 - 165 - 628 , Walker 12-20 3-9 28 . 
Refeoonds— Ortandoi) (SeHwfy 15 ), Boston 
S 7 iWIinomsli). Assists— OrionaoZl (Shaw. 
Armstrong 5), Boston 24 (Wesley B). 
Sacramento 20 2 * JT 27— 107 

PhJMdpbta Z 7 30 23 22 - 92 

S: Richmond 13-25 4-5 33 . WWiomson 7-14 
4 - 6 18 : P: Stockhouse 1 1-22 6-9 29 . Iverson 5 - 
17 6-6 16 . Reboautfs— Soanmenn 50 
(Polynlce 14 j. PhBadeJphta 53 
fWealherspoon 11 t.AssWs— Sacramento 27 
'Richmond, Hurley 81 . Philadelphia 17 

'Iverson 8 ). 

Washington 29 25 23 21 7—105 

Atlanta 34 32 28 14 19—117 

W: Webber 10-20 3 - 223 . Howard Jo- 22 2-2 
52 : A: James 8-12 2-2 26 . Mutomba 9-14 5-5 
2 * Blaylock 9-19 1-1 23 . 

Rebounds— Washington 47 I Howard U). 
Atlanta 51 (Mutembo 14 ). 
Assists — Washington 24 /Strickland 101 . 
Atlanta 35 (SJarfacft J 2 J. 

New York 26 IB 28 23 9—104 

Charlotte 32 30 1 8 15 18—113 

N.Y-- Ewing 7-30 IMS 24 . Houston 11-17 
0-1 24 : C- Rice 9 - 19 14-16 34 . Curry 10 - 17 1-5 
25 .Retmmds— New York 46 (Ewing 141 , 
Cnartarte 50 (Mason IBS. Assists— New York 
26 (Childs 12 ). Charlotte 27 (Bagues 101 . 
Dallas 22 24 19 22—87 

San Antonio 29 JT 12 25—97 

D: Golfing 9-14 7-10 25 . Jackson 8-19 5-6 
22 j ZAj WflkJns U>- 18 1-1 24 . Del Negro 7-10 
6-6 21 . Rebounds— Oa (fas 4 j (Jackson 9). 
San Antonio 44 (Perdue 1 21 . Assists— Dados 
20 (Jackson, harper 5 ], ten Antonia 23 
(Johnson TOJ. 

Portland 30 30 24 31—115 

Ptroeobf 26 25 21 33 — 10 S 

Portland: Trent ID -1 4 4 - 62 - 1 . Anderson 7-1 7 
5 - Id 22 ; Pfioem*; Chapman d-II 2-7 

1 9 . Johnson 6-1 2 o-o 18 . Rebounds— Portland 
f? (Trent 13 i. Fboentx 4 a (Cebaitos. Johnson 
31 . Assists — Porno ne 27 lAndetan IS) 
Pnoenlx 29 (Johnson 12 ). 

Denver 20 24 37 30-111 

LA- dippers 29 24 16 25-114 

D: D.EUis 10-13 2-2 5* i_Ell* «-H >3 23 ; 
LA.: VcugW 15-18 M 31 . Outlaw 7 -UM-c 18 . 
Reminds— Denver 50 'JMmsor.. 

Hammoncs IQj. L05 Angeles jS r.’s'jgill 10 ) 
Assists— Denver l» '.‘SCr-Mri h Lr 
Angeles la itoartln 4). 

Gotten Stale 30 15 28 14 - 97 

LA. lakers 27 30 It 26-114 

V: D.EIIis 10-18 2-2 27 . LElRs 9-19 3-3 23 . 
LAj Vaught 15-18 1-1 31 . Outlaw 7-10 4-6 
is.Reboimds— Golden stare 51 (Smith 12 ). 
Los Angeles 45 (Knight 15 ). Assists— Gotten 
5 rate 23 (Spiewen 71 . Los Angeles U rvan 

souars cesjits 

Milwaukee 23 19 21 25 - £3 

Induma 2 B 21 IB 19-86 

flit Robtason 9-16 4 -S 23 . Perry 7 - 1 1 4 - 4 19 ; 
I: Miller 5-14 12-1 3 24 , D.Davis 7-12 3-5 17 . 
Rebouads— Milwaukee 42 1 Robinson lOi, 
Indiana 50 (DDmrts l 4 l. 
AsslsTs— Milwaukee 15 IBater. RJUten). 
Indiana 16 tsesiei. 

Toror.ra 24 25 IS 31 — 95 

Chicago 20 3S 22 23 - 1*0 

T Srouacmue 8-)8 7-7 26 . Comfci 1O-I8 3-3 
23:0 Jordan 10-16 1-2 2< KukacB-la 1 - 216 . 
Rebounds— Toronto So (Janas lo). Chicago 
34 (Coffey t». Assists— Taranto 17 
(Stmjdamire 1 1 !. Chicago 36 fl.ukoc 13 i. 
Sacramento 29 27 IS 31— 105 

Washington 29 25 23 36-113 

S: PJchmond i J- 2 o 7-7 36 . wiffiamson 8-21 
4-5 20 ; W: Webber 13 - 180-2 27 . StflcUond 7 - 
13 7 >a 21. Rebounds— Sacramento 49 (Smith 
11 ), Washington 55 (Howard 13 ). 
Assists— Saaamemo 1 ° (Richmond 61. 
Washington 26 (Strickland 9 ). 

Boston 22 24 20 24 -W 

Atlanta 2 S 22 22 26-95 

B: Wafcer 8-18 4-9 ZU Day 7-16 2 - 2 17 : A: 
Blaylock 6-17 3-4 24 . 5 m(?fl 8-22 T-T 

I B.Rrtotmas— Boston 44 (Walker 91 , Ailanio 
56 iMirtombo 15 ). Assists— Boston 17 
(Brawn 6 j, AHama 21 (Btoywcfc 6 ). 

Charlotte 22 24 15 12 — 73 

Cleveland 29 23 11 33—106 

C: Pice 8-18 2-2 13 . Curry 5-12 OO 12 . O 
Brandon 9-21 1-2 51 . Hill 9-12 2-2 20 . 
Rebounds— QmriortB 40 (Mason 10 ). 
Cleveland 57 (Hill ill. Assists— Charlotte 21 
(Mason 4 ), Cleveland 27 i Brandon 131 . 
PtlAsMpbla 33 21 31 »- 95 

Detroit 26 30 24 24—104 

P:MacLean 9 -l? 4 - 624 > Stockhouse 6-14 5- 

II 19 , /verson 7 - 163 - 6 19 ? D;HMM 0 - 2 J 1-2 2 ). 
Hunter 5-14 66 17 . Oumars 5-11 3 -S 17 . 
Rebounds— PhfladelphU 62 (Weahierspoan. 
Cage 9i. Detroit 52 (HW 16 ). 
Assists— Ptdlodeipnia 19 [Iverson 7 ), Detroit 
21 (HBl 10 ). 

New Jersey 27 21 21 12 — 81 

Ddllas 27 21 24 20 - 92 

N J.: GUI 8-16 5-5 53, wmiams 61 S 0-0 16 
O: Mosiuwm 8-16 a 5 21. Jackson S-l2 4-6 

20. Rebounds— New Jersey J8 (Niossentrarg 
11 ), Dallas 43 (Green 81. Assists— New 
Jersey Id i Peeves 6 ). Dallas 53 (Jackson 

Utah 19 24 2 D 28 14-105 

Houston 28 15 2 D 2 B 9—100 

U: Malone 9-21 9-9 27 . Stockton 1 1-20 2-2 
26 : H: Otaluwon 14 - 29 12-14 41 . Drexler 8-16 
2-2 21 . RebowBh-Uiah 55 CMolone 17 ), 
Houston 56 (Olaluwon lSi. Assists— Utah 25 
(Stoddon III. Houston 58 (Barldey 8 ). 

Minnesota Z 7 32 20 15 - 94 

Portland 21 31 32 17—181 

M: Garnett 15 t 5 0-0 32 . West 7-12 16 18 ; 
P: Rider 13-21 0-0 26 . Anderson 0-I8 66 19 . 
ReOaamb— Minnesota 4 J (Garrett 71 . 
Pc it land S 3 (Dudley 121. 

Assists— Minnesota 25 (Porter 13 ). Portland 
19 '.Robinson 9 ). 

Denver 26 15 25 17-83 

Vancouver 23 20 17 22—82 

D: LEUIs S- 192-2 18 McDye 5 s 4 - 12 5 - 8 13 ; 
Jockson e-6 0-1 13 . V: Reeves 11-23 i-2 23 . 
Abdur-Pchim 9 -U 5-5 21 . 

ReSaonds— Denver 55 Uatoisan 11 ). 

Vancouver 52 lAbdur-Rahifn Reeves 91 . 
Assists— Denver 20 (Jackson 10 ). Vancouver 
25 (Moten. Edwprds 6). 


KHi. Standimqs 



W L T Pis c 
Iphlo 27 14 7 6) l: 

24 14 10 58 1: 

rvgers 25 1 9 7 57 1! 

racy 24 17 5 53 II 

gton 50 23 5 45 1! 

Say 18 22 6 42 V 

Older, 16 23 9 41 T. 


w L T pis e 
gh 26 17 5 57 I! 

25 19 5 55 1. 

J 20 21 7 47 V 

ll 18 23 B A4 li 

18 24 6 42 1- 

14 22 9 37 i: 

N.Y. Rangers 
New Jersey 
Tamca 2 cv 
t.M . islanders 




W l T PIS 6 F GA 
Dallas 27 17 4 58 143 117 

□droll 22 >6 9 53 U 4 108 

51 . Louis 23 22 4 50 )J 9 155 

Phoenix 21 23 4 46 135 153 

Chicago 17 26 8 42 128 138 

Toronto 19 38 0 38 147 171 

pacific division 

W L T Pis GF GA 
Ca fora do 29 12 8 66 165 US 

Edmonton 22 22 5 49 157 149 

Vancouver 22 23 2 46 150 158 

Anaheim IB 23 6 42 133 143 

Calgary 17 25 6 40 119 142 

Los Angeles 17 25 6 40 129 162 

San Jose 17 24 5 39 121 146 


N.Y. Iskwders 7 2 2 -S 

Hartford 1 0 1—2 

First Period: New York, Palfty 28 . 2 H.. 

Sanderson 25 (Emerson, Primeaul Second 
Period: New York. King 16 (MclnnU. Green) 
4 . New York, King 17 (Green) Third period: 
New York, King 18 (Mcfnnis) & New York, 
Palfty 29 (Green) (en>. 7 . H-PJce IS (O'Neill, 
Wesley) top). Shots oa goat New York 10 - 17 - 
5 — 32 . H- 5 - 11 - 20 - 3 ®. C OMB ne New York. 
Fktiaud. H-Burke. 

Edmonton 1 a 2—3 

Buffalo 0 1 0—1 

First Period: E- Kovalenko 24 (Weight, 
Oliver) (pp>. Second Period: B-Ray 6 (Moore, 
GaBeyj Third Period: E-Smyth 24 iMcWSs. 
Lowe) 4. E-McGiins 3 (Kovolentak 

McAmmana) ipp). Shots on goal: E- 11 - 10 - 
1 4 - 35 . B- 613 - 5 — 23 . Gooltoc E- Joseph. B- 

Coigory 1 1 0 0—2 

Onawa 8 l 1 0—2 

First Period: C-MII 1 en 6 (Stmpsoa 

Bouchard] SecoaC Period: C-AUEen 7.2.0- 

Yashln 20 (Zhattok) Third Period: O- 
Alheassan 17 i Redden. York) Oveil tai e . 
None. Permutes— None. Shots on goak C- 6 
14 - 4 - 1 — 25 . o- 7 - 12 - 13 - 1 - 33 . Gooftec C- 
Wdd. O-RMdM. 

DaSas 1 3 1-5 

Wasblngtoa 1 ■ 1—2 

Fbst Period: D-Mnrsfia)( 6 (GfcJufst 
Verbeek) Z W-Cote 3 (Bandra. Hunter) (pp). 
Second Period: D-Carboweau 3 (Md, 
Harvey) 4 . D-Sydor 4 (Hogue. MOdano) Ipp). 
5 . D-Mcdano 18 iSydor, VeibeeiJ ipp). Third 
Period: W-i^nowolchui. 9 (Gonchar, 

Juneau] 7 . D-Reid 12 (Gilchrist) Ceni. Shots 
on 9 oat D- 10 - 1 ^ 9 — 34 . W- 1611 - 13 - 38 . 
CnnEef D-Irbe. W-xaizig. 

Toronto 0 10 1—2 

Chicago 0 10 ft— 1 

First Period: None: Second Period: C- 
Amarie 29 (Yteinrich. Zhamnav) Z T- 
Murphy 4 (Gllmouri (pp). Thhd Period: 
None. Overtime- . \ T -Muter 15 (Warrlneil 
Penailfcs— Nano. Shots on goal: T- U- 8 -IC- 
3 - 12 - C- 7 - 11 - 9 - 1-28 GtoRev T-PaMn. C- 

New Jersey 1 1 1—3 

Sot Jose 9 1 0-1 

First Period: HJ.-Zeiepukln 6 (Stevens, 
Chambers) (pp). Second Period: SJ.-Guafla 
2 IFries&i No Ian) 1 NJ.-SuUivtm 3 
(Anareychukl Thfad Period: N J.-MocLeon 
lo (Andrevdiuk. Caipenteri ien). Shots 00 
goat NJ- 13 - 69 — 28 . SJ.- 5 - 9 - 5 -I 9 . 
Godhes: N J. Brodeur. SJ.-Terreri. 

St Louis 3 4 1—8 

Montreal 0 1 8-1 

1 . S-L-Hull 24 ITurgem). Z S-L-Maclimts 
n (Hul CourtaaS) 1 S.L-Pranger i 
(Murphy) Second Period: S.L-CampbeU 16 
(Peflerirv Prangert 5 . S.L-Murohv 13 (TorlO 
A M-Culllmorn 1 (Conanl, feh). 7 . s.L- 
Campben 17 (Murphy. Moclnnis) (PP). & 
S.L-Hufl 25 (Turgeorv CourtneiD TWrt 
Period: S L- York 6 (Murphy, Peierln) Shot* 
an goal: SJ_- 9 - 168 - 31 . M- 7 - 168 - 31 . 
GoaSesr S.L-Fuhr. M-JablonsW, Ttdbault. 
Colorado 0 0 1—1 

Bostoa 1 2 )— « 

Rrsl Period: B-Modeary 3 (Kennedy, 
States). Second Period: B-Oates 18 
1 Sweeney) 3 . B-. Donato 15 [Oales, SlumpeU 
(pp). Third Period: C -Lacroix 15 (kropp. 
Forsberg) S B-Bouroue a Shot* 00 gm& C- 
6610 — 21 . B- 14 - 67 — 25 . Gooltas: C- 
BilUngtorL B-ToBas. 

N.Y. Rangers 0 3 4-7 

PWsbargh 2 11—4 

Brel Period: P-Nedved 71 (Haicher. 
DaigneauB) (pp)-Z P-Nedved 22 (tendstam. 
Otousson) Ippt. Second Period; New YrrV, 
Korpovtsev 5 (Messier, Leetelu top). A P- 
Barnes 12 (Hatcher) & New York. Lidsfer 2 
'Gretzky, RafirtoOfe) 6 Nfvr York, RoMWle 21 
(Creaky. Leetch) (pp). Thirl Period: P- 
DrJetflic 4 (Bones. Hides) 8 New Yak, 
Messier 27 (Gresfcy. Driver! 9 , New York, 
Graves 16 (Vorobtev, Messier) la New York. 
NemchJntrr 4 (Ncionon, Driver) 11 , New York. 
Vorobev 3 (Messier. Graves) ton). Shots 00 
goal: New Yorir 7 - 21 - 11 — 39 . P- 12 - 1 M 0 - 3 Z 
GooBes New Ybrig Rldoer. P-Lnflme. 

Detratt 2 2 6-4 

PbOadoWki 0 i 8-1 

Fret P eriod: D-Hotautrom 4 (Yhormaa 
Shanahan) (pp). Z D- Shanahan 26 
(Lapointe) Second Period: P-Brintf Amour 16 
(Undros. NBntmaa) (ppl. 4 . D-D roper is D- 
. Yiermai 13 (Larionov. Hoimstram) (pp). 
Thbd Period: None. Shots on goat D- 1611 - 
7 — 31 . P- 3610 — 18 . Gordies: D-Vernon. P- 
HeriaZ terra. 

Tampa Bay 0 2 6-2 

Florida 0 3 8-3 



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French Figure Skating Cools Down 

By Christopher Clarey 

Spec ial 10 the Herald Tribune 

PARIS — When figure skating 
boomed internationally in 1994, the 
French made their share of the noise. 

There was Surya Bonaly, the exotic 
if not terribly artistic European wo- 
men's champion. There was Philippe 
Candeloro, the artistic if not terribly 
consistent showman who won a bronze 
medal at the Olympics. There was the 
polished dance pair of Sophie Moniotte 
and Pascal Lavanchy, and before long 
there was a lucrative television contract 
for the French Ice Sports Federation 
that guaranteed it approximately $3 
million annually. 

It appeared to be a solid platform for 
building tradition, bui as die European 
figure skating championships ended 
in Paris on Sarurdaywith the women's 
competition, it was clear that the plat- 
form has become as shaky as the 
French federation 's finances tit is now 
an estimated $5.5 million in debt). 

The most telling sign was not that 
Bonaly. the five-time European cham- 
pion. finished a dismal ninth in her 
fust major competition since she tore 
her Achilles' tendon last May. The 
most telling sign was that the stands 

were barely half-full in the 12.000- pul item in 
seat Palais Omnisports de Bercy and only European r hamoionships 

that compared to earlier in the week, perfect scores at these P. Jopi>er 
that small crowd looked rather large, were Jayra; T orv ^ Q ^ . ,og 4 ^ 
“Back in 1994, we had hoped that Dean of Bnuun in 1982 
Bercy would be a big festival for Whe*erBoMfy^^™“^ 
French skating, and that we would trouble the opposmon m 
have several European champions," Olympics remains unoertam. iJ Y 

said Didier Gailhaguet, direcior of should improve on Saturday pen 
French skating. “Clearly, that did not mance, but die is still skating 


Instead, Bercy was the sire of a 
Russian festival. Irina Slutskaya's 
victory in tile women’s competition 
gave her nation a sweep of all four 
events in Paris. It was something no 
other country — not even the Soviet 
Union — had accomplished since ice 
dancing was introduced to die cham- 
pionships in 1954. 

The otter Russian winners were 
Marina Eltsova and Andrei Bushkov 
in pairs, Aleksei Unnanov in the 
men's competition and, most spec- 
tacularly, Oksana Gritscftuk and Yev- 
geni PlatoY in dance. Gritschuk and 
Platov are the defending Olympic and 
world champions, and after missing 
the early season to allow Platov to heal 
from knee surgery and Gritschuk to 
dye her dark hair blond, they received 
a total of 12 perfect 6s in Paris. That 

and unable to perform all of heroine 
jumps. Even before her long layoff, sbe 
was considered to be in decline. 

Candeloro, handicapped by injuries 
and his own mercurial character for 
the last two years, managed a silver 
medal here with an imperfect vet 
plucky performance in die men s free 
progr am. Moniotte and Lavanchy, re- 
turning to major competition urrer 
Moniotte’s broken leg. won a bronze 
medal in dance. 

Nonetheless, such results donot rep- 
resent progress, and judging from the 
poor crowds and the all-important tele- 
vision ratings, figure skatin g already 
has peaked in France. Even if top new 
talent does emerge, the federation s 
financial difficulties — brought on by 
overspending and suspect manage- 
ment — will make reversing the trend 
all the more arduous. 

Els Hangs On to Take Walker Classic 

CtmpM bi Ota- Stag Fnvn Dl^>sr 6 cJ 

HOPE ISLAND. Australia — Ernie 
Els of South Africa won the opening 
tournament of the European season by 
one shot Sunday after his nearest rival 
effectively ruled himself out of con- 
tention for a rule infringement. 

Els fired a final round 69 for a 10- 
under-par aggregate of 278 to capture 
the Johnnie Walker Classic from Mi- 
chael Long of New Zealand and Peter 
Lonard of Australia. 

Els completed his 18th tournament 
victory in atrocious conditions at the 
Hope Island resort course after torren- 
tial rain and lightning forced a one-hour 
interruption in midafternoon. 

Long, who shared a two-shot 

overnight lead at 9 under with Lonard 
and Anthony Painter, waspenatized one 
shot when tie informed officials that has 
ball had moved as be lined up a putt on 
tiie 15th green. Instead of putting for a 
birdie and a possible share of the lead at 
die next tee. Long was faced with a 10- 
yard putt to save his par 4. The tell 
shaved the hole for a bogey 5, giving Els 
a crucial two-shot cushion. 

Els. the 1994 U.S. Open champion and 
world No. 4, dropped a shot on the last 
hole, an unconvincing finish after taking 
the lead at the turn oa the final day. 

“I got away with this one," Els said. 
“In the future I think I will have to play 
a lot better than that coming down die 

• In Scottsdale, Arizona, while Tiger 
Woods supplied an electric moment ^ 
with a hole- in -one in the Phoenix Open, *, 

Steve Jones outplayed everyone for the / 

third straight day. 

Jones birdied the first three holes and 
three of the last four for a 6-under-par 65 »*: 
Saturday putting him 22-onder at 191- 
after the third round. His score is the . kj 
second-lowest for 54 holes in PGA Tour 
history, two shy of John Cook’s 189 last 
year at Merapois. v 

Woods, thrust into the teckground by 
a relatively poor showing, aceaNo. 1 6. A -* 
roar went up from the crowd when *«• 
Woods’s 9-iron shot on the 155-yard hole .*3 
took one big bounce, one tiny one and 


dropped in. 

(Reuters. AP) 


JS lril 2 AW*. W*"** rnhunr / ^ /WWup ltd 

FM Period: None. Stcnd Period: F- 
Mvipnyd (Garpe ator. Lowry) Z T-Surriai 
F-Meflonby 17 (Lkufeoy. Nledennayeri 4 F- 
Meflanby 18 (Lindsay. Ntodt u n o yert 5. T- 
HouMer 3 (Cudea SeOvanavi TIM Petted: 
None. Stats on goat T- 5-10-1S-30. F- 66 

4— ib. GoaHos: T-To bowed, Srtwwb. F- 

Odcago 0 0 2—2 

N.Y. rstasden ) ■ 2-3 

First Period: New Ybifc. Wilt 30. Csh). 

Secoed Period: None. TMnl Ptho± C- 

WWnrfcJi 6 CSiurTfz. Amoate) (pp). 2 G- 
Amocite 30 (Moteau. Weinrich) 6 New YariL 
SreodnUJ 14 (Benrtl 5, New York, 
Armstrong 5 (Wood, Hughes) Stats on goal: 
C- 1617-18-49. New Yorii 7-B-7-22. 
GoaOa: C-HadOtt 6161. New York. 

Hartford 3 0 2-5 

Buffo* • 0 1— J 

First Period: H-Leadiyshya 4 (Emerson, 
Brown) (pp).Z H -Emerson 5 (Dtaeenl (stO. 
3. H-, Sondarsson 26 (Emerson, Wesley) 
(pp)- Second Period: None. TIM Period: K- 
DomentetieU 1 (Prtmeau. Emerson) 5. B- 
BurrWge 9 (Shannon) (sh). 4 H-> Emerson 6 
(Domertcheiff) Stats an goal: H- 10-2-6—18. 
B-W0-11-36. Gednc H-Bufta B-HaseA. 
Danas 1 1 2-S 

Toronto ■ 8 1—1 

First Period: D-Modono 19. CsM. Second 
Period: D- Hogue 11 CModona LeWinen) 
■n*d Period: T-Oar* 17 (Crefe GOmouri 6 
D-MeuwendyV 15 (Logenbnmner) 5. D- 
Harvey 4 (Ludwig, RehD 6, D-rtatdier Z 
(Longentmmneri Stats on pool: D- 9-11- 
10 — 30. T- 9-4-15 — 28. Goaflee D-Moog. T- 

Ana fteta I t 1 B-2 

Los Angetes 10 18-4 

first Period: LA.-Pemwut 9, Z A-, 
Rucdiin mKotlya. Selannc) SocoM Period: 
None. Third Ported: ArPtonger 1 (Mftonov, 
Konya) (pp). 4. LA.-Nunninen la Overihne: 
Nam. Stats oegodb A-S-10-11-0— ZLLA.- 
10-7-10-1—28. Gordies: A- Hebert. LA.- 

Vancouver ■ 8 8—8 

Phoenix 1 1 3-4 

RW Period: Ptaenh. Roenfc* 13 
(Nunvnlnen, Ronnlngl Second Period: 

Phoenix. Roerdch U (Grotner. Korotev) ThM 
Period: Phoenix. Gartner 71 (Korolev, 
Numminen) 6 Phocntx, Running 12 
(Tventovsigr, Atedver) (pp). Stats on goal: 
V- 5-167—26. Phoenix 7-10-8—26. Cotters: 
V-HMsch. Phoenix Khatdbuua 
N.Y.MOTden I 2 2-5 

Hartford 1 8 1—2 

first Ported: New Yoric, Potffy 28. Z H-, 
Sanderson 25 (Emerson. Prtmeauj Second 
Period: NewYotk, King 16 (Mcinmv Green) 
6 New York. Kins 17 (Green) TIM Period: 
New York, King 18 (Mclimts) 6 New York. 
PoRfy 29 (Green) (en). 7, H-RJce IS (CTNeBt 
Wes l e y) (pp). Shots an gota New York 10-17- 

5 — 3Z H- 5-11-20-36. GobAcs: New York, 
Fldnud. H-Buike. 

EdsoeteB 1 0 2-3 

Boflale • 1 0-1 first Period: E- 
Kovotenta 24 (Weigm. ODvor) (pp). Seated 
Period: B-Ray 6 (Moon, Gcfley? ThM 
Period: E-Smyth 24 (McGHs. Lowe) 4. E- 
McGUDs 3 (Kovalenfca McAmmond) top). 
Stats oa goat E- ll-ro-14— 35. 3- 613- 
S — 23. Gashes: E-JaseatL B-SMeWs. 

OdgoY 118 0—2 

Ottawa • 1 1 8—2 

Hist Period: C-MJDwi 6 (Slmpsoa 
Boudiann Second Period: C-MBen 7,10- 
Ycohin 20 (ZhoRaU Third Period: O- 
Alfredsun 17 (Rodden. York) Or orthue. 
Nanei PonOfles— None. 5tab on gOdJb C- 6 
1661—25. O- 7-12-161 — 33. GedaK C- 

Daflas I 2 1-5 

Wasfctogton 1 g 1—2 

FM Period: D-MatstaB 6 (Gftartsi 
verheeUZ w-Cote 3 (Bondra. Hunter! top). 
Seated Period: D-Coroanrwou 3 (Retd, 
Harvey) 6 D-Sydcr* (Hogue. Modana) (op). 
5, 0-Modano 18 (Sydor, verbeek) (pp). tided 
Period: W-Konmntdnih 9 (GonOiar, 
Juneau) 7. D-Rottf 12 (Gfldirlsn (en). Shots 
on Odd: D- 10-169-34. W- 1611-13-38. 
Gocfies: D-Irbe. W-Kott)g. 

Taraoto B 1 0 1—2 

Chicago 0 10 0-1 

first Period: None. Second Period; C- 
Amonta 29 (Wtenridi Zhamnav) Z T- 
Mutphy 4 (Gflmwrl topi- TOW Period; 
None. Overtime: 1 T-MuBer 15 (Warrtnerl 
PenoBes— Nano. Stats oa goat 7- n-a-io- 
2— 32. C- 7-11-9-1— a. CooDes: TPcrvta. C- 

New Jersey I 1 1-3 

Sex Jose 0 1 O-l 

first Ported: Nj.-zefepukln 6 (Stevens. 
Ornibersl (pp)- Second Ported: sj.-Gwta 
2 (Rtesejv Notan) 1 NJ.-SuHlvan 3 
(AndieyctiuU Thhd Period: NJ.-Madeaa 
>6 (AndreyotiA. Carpontart (en). &ofi oa 
gooh NJ.- 13-69—28. S_L- 5-9-5-19. 
f nutter NJ.-Bradeur. SJ.-Teneri. 



Australia innings: -04 tar trie (ram 130 

West Indies fiirthmlngs; 130 In 47.5 overs 

New Zealand: fieri tarings 390 
EngUtd: 360 (ovwidgta 123 tar one) 

ZUnboSwe innings: 21 1 aB out (iL5 overs} 
South Africa Innings: 212 tar five (46.1) 
South Africa wan by five YrtckotS. *•* 

Jowwwi! Walker Classic 

Final tending scores Sunday of if* 51,15 
mUan Johnrde uvaRer classic played an 
Hope Wand's 7,074-yant per-72 The Links 
aaune at GOLD COAST. AushaSa: 

1. E. Els. S. Africa 
Z P. Lonard Australia 

3. M. Long, fLZeatand 

4. F. Couples. U A 

5. A. Painter, Aus. 

6. N. Faldo. England 
7JACampbA HZeaL 

8. S. Leaner, Airs. 

9. D. HoweB, England 

10. P.CManey.Aus. 

70 - 68 - 71 - 69 — 27 B 

69 - 69 - 69 - 72—279 

68 - 66 - 71 - 72 — 279 
60 - 7667 - 71-282 
67 - 73 - 67 - 75—202 

70 - 72 - 70 - 70—282 
70 - 71 - 7660-283 

69 - 72 - 75 - 67—283 
69 - 72 - 75 - 6? — 283 
7368 - 7668-283 



LekHtet. England 9 BrtYA France 28 

ct r owaii ruw r thiwri 


Bauigahb France, T& Castres. Franca 9 



Zimbabwe Z Gtvma 0 


Ivory Const 1, Benin 0 
Mod 1, Algeria 0 


Senegal a Egypt 0 


Guinea I, Tuntelo a 


Kenya 1. Gabon 0 
Cameroon A NamfctoO 


Togo 2. Uberia 1 

group y 

Mazamblque 3 Mauritius 0 

Australia l. Norway 0 
Souta Korea Z New zeotandl 
find wndhw: AuaraDa 9pohitS» SoUlh 
Korea 6 Norway Z New Zealand Z 
swuutHtetwonr uiou 
Real Madrid 4 Cello Vigo 0 
AfiDeflc Bilbao 5 Hercules 0 
SatooioiM 6 Rnyo VOtaaono 0 
Sevtla 0 Racing SardaaderO 
Logranesl Real Soctodari 0 
Compostela 2 Zoragaza 1 
Votencta 1 Esponroil 
Exbemadural DepartHa Coruna 0 
tt— H uii» iJteol Madrid 49. 

Z Barcelona 46 zDetarttvo Coruna 39. ARe- 
01 Sadedod 37, LReol Bens 36 6Aiietico 
Madrid 35, 7.\Wtad(M 30, iAIMonc 8«x» 
3Z 9.Rodng Santander 30, laTenertte 29, 
n.Vatendo 28, )ZOvtedo25. llCeto Vigo 
34. liJtoyo VQReame 23. iSfspanyal 21 
16Compa3tota 2X 17Jp«Kr»g G 21. 
!S.Lopan«2T, rp^eWTia ?S.2(LH«cuie5 1& 
31 Zaragoza 15, 22£xtremaduia is. 

Mandtel. BasttoO 
Bordeaux 6 Woo l 
Nantes 1, Le Havre I 
Slrasbourg Z Rentes 0 
Nancy Z MsC3 
Gulngomp i, LBeO 
MontpeSlerZLyonl 1. Monaco <& 2. Pals St- 
Getmcdn 46 3. Bcslta 42, 4. Bordeaux 40, 5. 
Snastauig 6 Metz 39, 7. N antes 3& B. 
Auxerra 35. 9. MareeBe 3Z id. Gulngamp 32, 
1 1. Lyon 3Z 11 Rennes 31, li Cannes 29, 14. 
Ltie 29, 15. Le Hone 26 la. Lens 26 17. 
MontudSer 25, Coen 2ft 19. Nancy 19, 20. 
Nice 17. 


A to lama 6 Cagliari 1 
Inter 1, Udlnesel 
Juwnfus Z Reggtona 1 
kerto 1. Bologna 2 
Nopod z Parma 1 
Sampdorta 5. Pervgia 2 
verena 1 Mlhm 1 
Vteua i fiorenflna 2 
wnni iHP. 1. Juvedus 36 2. Sampdoria 
3Z 1 Vicetiza 36 6 Inter 29. 5u Briegna 28. 6 
Astana 27, 7. Parma 27, & Nopefl 77, 9. 
Horannna26 10. Milan 2& 11. Roma 23. 1Z 
Lazio 33. 13. UOnese 33. 1 A PtaoMBa 19. 15. 
Peragta ia 76Gag8artI6 17. Vererw J< T& 
Reggio rn 10. 


Bientlarn a M OT rtieae r CIly I 
Coueniryl, Waking 1 

B£tton6 Lxta)2 
Leeds l.CrysWPataceO 
West Han ZWiextaml 


Bhmtagham i Stockport 1 
Cortsle 0. Sheffield Wednesday 2 
Derby 1 Aston Vffla 1 
Everion Z Bradford 3 
Mfcfdtesbniufp) 3 Hednestaid 2 
Leicester Z Norwich I 
Martctestor UnOed 1, Wimbledon 1 
Porl smou Bi 3 Rending 0 
Queens Pork Ranges 18omdey2 . 
Newcastle l.Nariingtam Forest 2 
Chelsea a Liverpool 2 


B tauiiiulium «. Petetboroogh or Wraxhowi 

Leicester vs. Owbea 

Man. United or Wimbledon vs. Q.P.R. 

Boitac or Chesterfield vs. Uattlnghcm Forest 
Bredtonl »s. Sheffield WWtoesdoy 
Man. coy or VJottard vs. Mldtaslnugh 
Arsenol or Leeds YS-Pcrtsmoutr. 

Derby ns. Blacktam or Gtnetfry or waking 
(Tte to be piayed on February 15 or 16J 



1. Isatae Kastner (Holy) one minute 17.04 
seconds. Z Pemflla WBwg (Sweden) 1:17.16 
IKaflo SetzJnger (Germany) 1:1756 6 HBde 
Gag (Germany] 1:17X7, S. Mkharto 
Daritnetaer CAnstrta) 1:17J& 6 Renate 
Goelsdd (Austria) 1:1746 7. Bertram Merlin 
flinty) ].-77J8a & Ftormee Mamda (France) 
1:17JBL 9. Alexandra Mefcstffcser (Austria) 
l:lBJa lOJtegbw Covognoud (France) 


l. Deborah Compagnont (Obflr) two ra(6 
toes 38J5secood4 021 Ayi:16*», Z Knfla 
Setelnger (Germany) 23804 
021.9471:1690). l San)a N«f (Swnsertamf) 
20947 02235/1:17^2), 6 Pemrlta Wtterg 
(Siteden) 2M39 022-561:17.73), 5. Hefdl 
Zurbriggen (SwBzeriand) Z4634 
02242/1:1692). 6 SopWe Leftanc (Frraica) 
ZdD-54 022920:1742), 7. HBde Gerg (Ger- 
many) 24U0 02340/107401, 6 Andrtne 
fiemmen (Norway) 241JB 033^30:1605), 

9. Anita IKaMer (Austria) 2H140 
02295/1:1745). lOJCartn Ratal (Swttzpr- 
land) 24241 05035/1:10469. 

(hurt aowwtapm I. Pem Wfl WRwg 
l,239potnls, Z Kaqa SefiSnger 945. X Deb- 
orah Canpagnanf 755, A HBdo Gerg (Get) 
694. 5. Anfla WfecWer S69, 6 Isotoe Knslner 
cited 564. 7. Hew Zurbriggen (SwO 536 6 
Martino Erfl (Ger) 451.9. Uiska Hnwat C5ta) 
426 16 Renate GoofsCW (Art) 367. 

l. Fritz straM (Austria) 1 minute 5)48 sec- 
onds, Z Werner Franz (Austria) 1:52.15, 1 
LocAlptimd (France) Ifflja 4. Joset Straw 
(Austria) 152J6 S. Kristian GhetSna (Italy) 

1 5Z5Z 6 AKe StaranW (Norway) 1 :524a 7. 
Guerriher Moder (Austria) 13249, & Homes 
Trims (Austria} 1JZ97, 9. Franco Covegn 
ISwiTzeriand) 15120. UL Lasse KJua (Nor- 
*ktt)V 3X36. 


8UNDXV, « nrzBUtm, austrw 
1. Mario Reiter (Austria} 106JJ9 
(47JQM9JD6), 2. Attwrto Tomta (Italy) 1^628 
(4746/A72X 1 Finn Chrfrttan Jagge (Nor 
way} I36S4 (47.12M942), A Thomas Start- 
gasslngor (Austria) 1:3670 (47JSU946), 5. 
KJranobu Kfenura (Japan) 1:3671 
W&48ML 6 Andre( Mttne (Stararda? 
1^686 (4746M9JKI). 7. Thoraos Sykora (Aus- 
tria) 137J08 146463022), 6 Mariam Eberts 
(German^ 137.14 UBMMsn, 9. OfcChrfa- 
Don Furuseft (Norway) 137.18 147577497)), 

10. Jura Kodr (Stawala) 15757 C4742/4945) 
ruiidMiudrimpidini— doflwim ixiiHi ’ 

1. Lasse iqus (Nor) 33156 Z KRttS Andie 
Aanwff (Nor) 33Zoa X Weiner Franz (Aul) 
335 5 6 6 Halts Knauss ((Aut) 3363Z 5. 
Paul Aosta (SwO 33636 6 FrttzStroM (Art) 
3364a 7. KMkat GbetSaa Ota) 337 JO, & 
Josef Straw (Art) 33673, 9. Andreas Srrtf- 
ferer (Art) 33956 16 Marina H c rmi unn 
(SwO 24149. 
ovxrwLL srrxsmtroB, 

I.KJeO Andra Anmodf 701 petals. 1 Luc. 
Atpnand 637. 1 Kifeitaa Ghedlna 62ft 6 
{S*0 606 t Whmer Franz 545. Be Hans' 
Knauss 546 a Josef StraU 50& 9. GuenDia 
Moder (AW) 459,10. Fritz short 451. 

Miriam Ludc C1Z Craafla. def. Mariene 
Wetngartner (23. Germany, 6Z6Z 

auean bcwb swaLnnHM. 
DanM EBrwr (TZ Germany, def. Wfestoy 
WhHrtmae (Ml. sooth Africa 7-6 O-Svfc-Z 

• ' PavwCbp 

Ma c edo ni a def. Turkey H. 

San MOrtwdef. Elfatapta 2^1. 

Senegal del Luxembourg?-!. 

Bosnia drt. Armenia 3-0 

Senegal def. Turkey 3-1 
Luxemburg del Macedonia 3-1 
San Marina deL Armenia 3-0 
Bosnia def. Ethtopto 3-0 

Lweroboutg del Senegal 2--1 
Pascal Sdaul del Joan Nad Said 6-ZA-4 
Sodu Thama taste Y. DonNffM. 36. 
Adrian Gnhnprey/JoiMiy Grtiden hou r def. 
Yatiya Doumabta/Thierono Ly 7-6 7-6 
Larentaowg.and Senegof badr qwflty,(br 
Group 2 

The Week Ahead 

Monday, Jan. 27 

ATHLcncs Sydney — totenwnonol 

LUOE Whitertterg, Germany — World Cup 
•rent (to FWl 2). 

ll him. Zrrareb. Croatia — men ATP 
Tour, Qaafan tadoaiz Feb. 2). Shanghai 
(Mm— men, ATP Two Shanghai Open, (to 
Feb. It . Tokya Japan— womstt WTA Tow 
Taray Pan Pacfflc Open, era Fab. z. 

CTHCiCET, Cape Town, South Afrhn — 
One-day International Iruffo n. ZJmbotnm. 

Tuem>ay, Jam. 28 

NteStesrasm, Glasgow, Sadland — RNA> 
Warid Cup short-couitneeri, (to Jon.29). 

Wednesday, Jam. 29 

alpmg skhno, LnaASwrizertond- 
wera fiS- AWne WorW Cup, super-gtenf 

csbcwkt, Cjjpe Towa South Africa— 
one-day trttematlonal Sartfr Africa vs. 

«*a*. Lisbon, Portugal— Eurapevs. 
Africa AO Stars. Summing, China — Chino 
vs. Urtfled States. 

Thursday, Jan. 30 

cmcxet, Wbnganrt, New Zealand- 
New Znland A vb. England do Feb. 2 ). ' 
GOLD. Perth. Australia —men, European 
PGA Tour. Hrtnefcen Oasdc, (to Feb. 2b 
Pebbte Beadw CaDtamla — meib U4. PGA 
Tone, Pebble Beach National Pro-Am. Cta 
Feb. 2). 

HOftDicwKBta, Hokuba, Japan— 

FIS, NonSc combined, mxfd Cup event. 

Schtadmbig, Austria 
— meiv RS, Alpine Worid Cupi slolom. 

Friday, Jan. 31 

ane-day intemailonaL soum AFrico vs. 


■SWTMUM*, Onttasiawtai— World 
ChampionsAips Oo Feb. 9). 

TMUTStesK, Etarttevon. Natwtand 
- European Tap 13 overt Oo Feb 2). 

uiae, wmeiberg. Certnonr - meiv 

women, FIL. Wortd Qip, (to Feb. 31. 

mccan, Usban. PortugM — MertcBan 
Cup. under-l7»unianient, Africa vs. 

Europe — Franca Grueca Portugal. Spain. 
GhamL Guinea Ivory Coast Nigeria, fla 
Feb. 9. 


r A '". 

Ha Hit*,, 

4. m 

S-I’ : 
>•: • 



Martina Hingis W, Sw/rzeriaret def. Mary 
Ptaca, France, 6-z 6Z 


Pete Sampras Cl). Uk. def. Catos Moya 
Strata 6-z 6-3. 6-1 


Mark WOodtarde and Todd Woadbridga 

AustraHo (1), del. sebosnw Lbreau, Canada 
and Alex Darien. US. (7), 4-6 7-S 7-i 61 
Manon BaBagraf. Nettwriunds. and Rick 
lAocn. U-5. (31. def. Larisa Nefiand. Lutvlo, 
a« Jatmoftote de Jager, Sown Africa 63. 
l^'li 7-5. 

fe* } , E hner 0l * Germany, det. Wesley 
WtnOmse (14). Sortfi Africa 7-6 (7-^JfrS. 

Saturday, Fn. 1 

AUWMEOTUNta, Laax. Svrttxertand — 

World Dtp women's dawnh% shtan and 
combined (to Feb. 2). 

NOtewCNOteio. WBhmgeaGennany 

- f/uUCupsU fumptog flo R*. 2). 

PUujwnw, Hannu Norway— 
Worid Sprint Champfgasldps (to Feb.3). 

5w»«nand - 
World Champtanshto 4-man evert (to Feb. 

cricket, Perth, Austro*!— Australia 
vs. wea mrters, mm test (b Feb. s). 

IOKEY KJKIOff, — RwNbltam 

OmtetaKhto: Wales vs. Itetorab Carrtff 

XTHim ca, Towtiatog, Frants— (AAF 
World Cross Oiottonge, 

_***■*■“• GefsenlUrelrefLGennanjr— 
nwAWforW Cup evert (to Feb. 31. 

ctOLnw, Muniav Germany - world 
e » eh «»M chatntfon sB ips (to Feb. 2) 
™u» hockey. New OdhL Intlla — 
[^Gandhi Gold Cup men's tournament 

Sunday, Feb. 2 

*£T* ,V ^Sprtn-VrtBKta 

Sooth Afrtoi-r 
"^^ov onemailwrai, Souih Africa vs. India. 

* C: 


*■ I f:- ^5 

C-tr. , . 

' .'0^- V 


V/ '"t.Scj 




‘It’s the Superdome. It’s Super, Man 3 

f- New Orleans’s Warm and Windless Stadium Is a Passer VParadise 




New York Times Service 

NEW ORLEANS — In Super Bowl 
XXXI on Sunday ni g ht, Brea Favre 
and Drew Bledsoe were set to turn the 
Louisiana Superdome into a shooting 

Id its four previous Super Bowls, the 
Superdome has been a passer's para- 
dise: warm and windless with a flat 
flying carpet that seems to make fast 
pass receivers even fester. And without 
having to adjust their trajectory to a 
crowned surface that slopes to the side- 
line, accurate quarterbacks seem to be 
even more accurate. 

In the 49ers' 55-10 rout of the Bron- 
cos seven years ago, JToe Montana com- 
pleted 22 of 29 passes for 297 yards and 
five touchdowns. 

In the other Super Bowls in the Su- 
perdome, Roger Staubach, Jim Plun- 
kett and Jim McMahon thrived. And as 
the Packers and Patriots await Sunday 
night’s showdown, the young guns, 
Favre and Bledsoe, appreciate their 
stage. “It’s a controlled climate, it's 
flat; what better place to throw?" 
Favre said. “It’s die Superdome. It's 
super, man.’’ 

In two games here against the Saints, 
the Packer quarterback helped his team 
win both of them: by 20-19 in 1993 
when bis 54-yard pass to Sterling 
Sharpe positioned the winning field 
goal, and by 34-23 in 1995 when he 

Super Bowl / Dave Andiison 

completed 21 of 30 for 308 yards and 
four touchdowns. In two games for 
Southern Mississippi against Tulane, 
he also won twice. 

With a little boy's mischief in his 
eyes, the 27-year-old Favre tends to be 
excitable, especially early when he of- 
ten throws what Coach Mike 
Holmgren calls “rocket" balls. 

“The first six passes, I never know 
where they’re going to go." Favre ac- 
knowledged. >r If nobody's open, they 
want you to dump it off for a 3-yard 
gain, but anybody can do that. I’d rather 
throw the 50-yard pass, but if Mike 
calls for me to dump it off, I will.” 

As the National Football League’s 
most valuable player the last two sea- 
sons, he is still daring, but he is not ■ 

Terry Glenn and Shawn Jefferson, 
the Patriot wide receivers, are sprint- 
ers, but “when push comes to shove," 
Bledsoe said, “my tight end, Ben 
Coates, is the guy I look for." 

And, at 24, the Patriot quarterback 
knows he is only as good as his pro- 
tection. “Our interior linemen have to 
stop the Packer push up the middle," 
Bledsoe said. "If they do, I’ll be able to 
up in the pocket." 
ledsoe has never played in the Su- 


perdome, but the Patriot quarterback 
realizes its advantages. 

“Great weather, a flat, fast track," 
he said, “ft should help us. We’ve got 
good team speed." 

When the 1977 Cowboys won the 
first Super Bowl in the Superdome, 27- 
10 over die Broncos, Staubach used 
that flat, fast track to change Butch 
Johnson's pass pattern in thehuddle. 
“Run a post," Staubach said. 

He did — after a protest — streaked 
toward the goal post, stretched in 
midair, grabbed Stan bach's pass and 
bounced into (he aid zone for a 27-yard 
clinching touchdown. 

When the 1980 Raiders stopped the 
Eagles, 27-10, Plunkett threw for three 
touchdowns, including an 80-yarder to 

record ^NVhLi the 1985 Beanfrouted 
the Patriots, 46-10, McMahon mined 
only 12 completions into 256 yards. 

With the Super Bowl in warm 
weather or in domes, passers from Bart 
Stan- and Joe Namatn to Terry Brad- 
shaw and Troy Aikman have invari- 
ably excelled. "You can't believe how 
good it feels to throw a football in 
warm weather," Phil Simms said when 
the 1986 Giants were practicing for 
Super Bowl XXL 


fHornacek’s Clutch Shooting Lifts Jazz 

Sam Okan/Raaun 

£ Bulls’ Michael Jordan keeping the ball away from Raptors’ John Long. 

I Wake Forest Rallies Again 
And Squeaks By Florida State 

The Associated Press 

The recent insertion of the 7-foot- 1- 
inch freshmen Loren Woods into the 
starting lineup alongside the All-Amer- 
ica Tim Duncan has given No. 4 Wake 
Forest quite a front line. 

Wake Forest dujg itself a first-half hole 
for the third straight home gome, but 
Duncan was there again to rescue the 
Demon Deacons, scoring 22 points, in a 
61-58 home victory over Florida State. 

(^iference). playing less than 48 hours 
^ Clemson on the road. 

ictory over i 

li ; Wake Forest 1.7-1 Atlantic Coast 

i. playii 
after bearing No. 2 < 

won despite starting the game l-for-J5 
from 3-point range and felling behind by 
13 points in the first half. 

The Seminoles (11-5, 2-51 had two 
chances in the game's final seconds to 
either tie the game or win it. 

No. 5 Utah 78, nic« 58 Keith Van Horn 
scored 23 points, and Michael Doleac 
added 20 as Utah routed Rice in the first 
game between the schools since 1 963. 

Van Horn made 10 of his 15 shots, 
including two 3-pointers for Utah (13-2, 
5-0 Western Athletic Conference). He 
played just 26 minutes in the runaway. 
Doleac hit 8 of 13 shots, and also led the 
Utes with 10 rebounds. 

No. s Louisvffla 74, uciA 7i Reserve 
guard B.J. Flynn scored 16 points, in- 
cluding the go-ahead 3-pointer with 37 
seconds left 

Louisville (16-2) overcame visiting 
UCLA 's 55 percent shooting (26 of 47) 
, by getting a 27-5 edge in points from the 
“i.^ench. Reserve Toward Eric Johnson 
r ’so gave the Cardinals a boost with 10 
faints and eight rebounds. 

& gHo. B Mii w o ta 91 ,Parduo68 In Min- 
fr5 “iipolis, Bobby Jackson had 20 points 
£* eight rebounds as Minnesota con- 
“5 jj^ed its push toward its first Big Ten 
V: since 1982. 

2|; S-^linnesoia (18-2, 7-1 ) is off to its best 
S"' inference start since the 1916-17 team 
Siftied 8-1 on its way to die Big Ten 
» ‘ £*ropionship. 

** Arizona 88* Oregon 00 In TUC- 
X’i S'-S Michael Dickerson scored 18 of his 

20 points in the second half, and Arizona 
defeated Oregon for its 12th straight 
victory over the Ducks. 

Arizona (12-4, 5-2 Pac-10) withstood 
several second-half comeback attempts 
by the Ducks (1 1-5, 2-5). 

No. 12 Villanova 84, No. 22 Boston 
College 66 Alvin Williams scored 23 
points and hit three 3-pointers during a 
game-breaking 22-7 fust-half run. Jason 
Lawson finished with 21 points, and 
freshman Tun Thomas added 19 for the 
Wildcats (15-4, 6-3 Big East), who had 
lost three of their last five conference 
games. It was the Eagles' (13-4,7-2) 1 1th 
consecutive loss against a ranked op- 
ponent. . 

No. 13 Mrcfiigan 74, ROeMgan St 61 

Maurice Taylor scored 1 8 points before 
fouling out with 8:01 left, then the rest of 
Michigan's front line stepped up for the 
victory. All three of the powerful low 
post players finished in double figures 
for Michigan (14-5). 

No. 14 Iowa St S4, No. aoitoteltoch «1 

Iowa State, anchored by Kelvin Cato inside, 
held the 20th-ranked Red Raiders to a sea- 
son-low 34.4 percent shooting in the first 
game between the schools since 1956. 

No. IS Naur Ihidco B1, Tixa»B Paw 

49 David Gibson’s 1 1 points rescued an 
offensively starved New Mexico team in 
the second half. 

Gibson, who finished with 11 points, 
scored three of New Mexico's six field 
in the final 20 minutes and added 
free throws for the Lobos (15-3, 4- 
2 Western Athletic Conference). 

OuquMM 78, No. 16 Xavier 70 In Cin- 
cinnati, Tom Pipkins tied his career high 
with 30 points, 10 of diem in the final 
four minures, as Duquesne overcame a 
second-half letdown and beat Xavier. 

No. 17 Stanford 81, Washington SL 81 

Tim Young had 19 points and Brevin 
Knight added 17 points and seven steals 
as Stanford used its height advantage 
and a couple of scoring runs to defeat 
Washington Stale. 

Ho. 24 Tulsa 72, Brigham Young S6 In 
Provo, Utah, Rod Thompson’s steal and 
two free throws with 2:50 left blunted a 
comeback try, sending the Cougars to 
their 15th loss in 16 games. 

Houston’s comeback attempt He also 
sent the game into overtime with two free 
throws with less than a second to go. 

The Rockets had beaten the Jazz by a 
total of nine points in their first two meet- 
ings, and this one was also a thriller. 

Hakeem Olajuwon, who had a season- 
high 41 points and 15 rebounds, scored 
the first basket of overtime, hot Byron 
Russell’s tip-in with 3-33 left tied it 
Malone then put Utah ahead for good 
with two free throws. 

nun* no, ifptpni 98 Michael Jordan 
scored 24 points, and Toni Kukoc had 18 
points and a career-high 13 assists as the 
Chicago Bulls defeated their unlikely 
nemeses, the Toronto Raptors, 1 10-98, 
in Chicago. 

From March 24 until Saturday, Chica- 
go was 0-2 against Toronto and 48-6 
against the rest of the league. But the Bulls 
made sure that trend wouldn't continue, 
as they built a 55-32 lead and cruised to 
their 13th straight home victory. 

Hawks 95 , Catties 90 Mookie Blay- 
lock made three free throws and 
Eldridge Recasner two in the final 15 
seconds as the Hawks held off Boston 
for their 19th consecutive home victoiy, 
the NBA’s longest streak tins season. 

Dikembe Mutombo’s jam gave At- 
lanta an 83-82 lead with 3:46 left, and the 
Hawks did not trail again on the way to 
their 12th win in 13 games. 

ButMfcs 113 , Kings 105 In Landover, 
Maryland, Rod Strickland scored eight 
points in a 12-0 fourth-quarter run that 
enabled Washington to pull away and 
end a three-game losing streak. 

Chris Webber scored 27 points for the 
Bullets, who had lost six of seven. Strick- 
land finished with 21 points, including 
15 in the fourth quarter. Juwan Howard 
scored 20 and Calbert Cheaney 17. 

CanBm 108 , Hamate 73 In Clev- 
eland, Tyrone Hill had 20 points and 1 1 
rebounds and Cleveland snapped out of a 
slump with its biggest victory margin 
this season. 

Piatoit* 104 , Steam 96 In Auburn 
Hills, Michigan, Theo Ratliff had 16 
points, a career-high eight blocks and a 
season-high 10 rebounds and Grant 
Hill's triple-double paced Detroit. The 
victory gives the Pistons a franchise- 
record 30-11 record at the season’s 
halfway point. 

-warte i oi 92, Note 81 Jamal Mash- 
bum had 21 points, Jim Jackson had 20 
and the Mavericks' defense shut out 
New Jersey over the final 5:15 in Dallas 
to snap a three-game losing streak. 

Ural Blazon 101 , Hmborwolvas 94 

Isaiah Rider scored 14 of his 26 points in 
the third quarter to lead Portland. Traded 
by Minnesota in the off-season, Rider 
made 6 of 8 field-goal attempts in the 
third quarter as the Blazers erased the 
visitors' 9-point lead. After the Tim- 
berwolves cut Portland’s lead to 94-91, 
Rider made consecutive baskets to put 
the Blazers up by seven with 1:25 left. 

NuyffuLi 83 , Qrizzfio* 82 In Van- 
couver, British Columbia, LaPhonso El- 
lis jammed in a rebound with 2.6 
seconds remaining to ruin Stu Jackson’s 
coaching debut with the Grizzlies. 

EUis, who had 18 points, scored his 
game winner after Greg Anthony’s two 
free throws wife 9.7 seconds left had 
given the Grizzlies a one-point lead. Jack- 
son, Vancouver's general manager, ap- 
pointed himself the club’s interim coach 
cm Friday after firing Brian Winters. 

-.7 J 


The Canadians’ Jassen Cullimore breaking away after running the Blues’ Brett Hull into the boards. 

Rangers Make the Penguins See Stars 

The Associated Press 

Karl Malone and John Stockton got 
the points, and Jeff Hornacek got the 

Malone had 27 points and 17 rebounds, 
and Stockton had 26 points Saturday 
night as the Utah Jazz beat the Houston 
Rockets for the first time this season, 105- 
100, in overtime. Hie Jazz coach. Jerry 
Sloan, pointed to Homacek’s overtime 
dutch shooting as the difference. 

"He’s always doing feat kind of 
thing," Sloan said. * ‘The thing about Jeff 
is even when you're down 10 points, 

NBA Roundup 

some guys try to pad their stats, but he 
keeps trying to play the game until it’s 
over. He’s always done feat, and it’s rare 
in this business." 

Homacek had a 3-pointer to give fee 
Jazz a 98-93 lead wife 2:17 to 

The Associated Press 

The scoreboard read: Rangers 7, Pen- 
guins 4. 

The hidden bat all-decisive score: 
Wayne Gretzky-Mafk Messier 6, Mario 
Lemieux-Jaromir Jagr 0. 

New York’s superstars outplayed the 
National Hockey League’s top two 
scorers, figuring in all but one goal as fee 
Rangers came from b ehind three 

NHLKopnpup , 

times on Saturday to beat the suddenly 
slumping Penguins in Pittsburgh. 

The Penguins have lost two straight 
games since going 12-0-2. 

“They only have one line that scores, 
and they didn’t score,* 1 fee Rangers ' Luc 
Robitaille said of fee Lemieux-Jagr-Ron 
Fronds combination. "If you keep the 
puck away from than, they can't 

Messier had one goal and three as- 
sists, and Gretzky, the NHL’s No. 3 
scorer, set up three consecutive New 
York goals despite being held without a 
goal for the 1 lfe consecutive game. 

Panthers 3 , Lightning 2 In Miami, 
Scott Meflanby ended his scoring slump 
wife two goals in 50 seconds to lead 
Florida past Tampa Bay. 

A potential game- tying goal by 
Tampa Bay's Alex Selivanov on a re- 
bound. was disallowed wife 3:59 left • 
Bluos 8, Canadians 1 Brett Hull and 
Jim Campbell scored two goals each. It 
was St Louis' fourth consecutive vic- 
tory and fee Canadiens 1 worst loss at the 
Molson Center in Montreal. 

A1 Maclnnis, Chris Pronger, Harry 
York and Joe Murphy also scored for die 
Blues, who are 6-2-2 in their last 10 

Bmifks4,Avalaneho i In Boston, Trent 
McQeajy scored 25 seconds after the 
opening faceoff and the Bruins went on 
to defeat Colorado in only its second loss 

inISgtenes. ' • 

Ray Bourque also scored for the Bru- 
ins, the 1,338th point of his 18-year 
career, leaving him one : shy of John 
Bucyk’s team record of 1,339. 

Rod wings 4, Flyws i Steve Yzennan. 
Brendan S hanahan and ' Tomas 
Hohnstrom each had a goal and an assist 
in Philadelphia. 

Kris Draper also scored for Detroit, 
who. won only its second game in 10 
starts (2-5-3). 

Iilandurs 3, Dlsckhawks g lh Uni- 
andale. New York, Eric Fichaiid made 
47 saves and Derek Armstrong’s. goal 
wife 521 remaining led the New York 

Islanders to victory. Zigmund Palffy and 
Bryan Smolinski also scored for the Is- 
landers, who were 0-8-5 against Chicago 
at Nassau Coliseum. 

states, ltaite Lute 1 Visiting Dallas 
broke up a close game wife consecutive 
goals by Joe Nieuweodyk, Todd Harvey 
and Denari .Hatcher in fee last 11 
minutes. " 

Mike Modano and Benoit Hogue also 
scored for fee Stars. Wendel Clark was 
fee only scorer for Toronto, who lost 
their league-high 30th game. 

Whalon 5, Stem 1 Nelson Emerson 
had two goals and three assists, and 
Hartford built a 3-0 lead in fee first 
period en route to victoiy over Buffalo 
that snapped the Whalers' nine-game 
road losing streak. 

Mighty Duck* 2, Kinga 2 In Inglewood, 
California, Kai Nunninen scored the ty- 
ing goal wife 2:45 left in fee third period, 
but the Kings lost four other goals to a 
video replay, a delayed penalty and two 

Coyotes 4, Cwnda o In Phoenix, 
Jeremy Roenick scared twice and 
Nikolai Khabibulin made 26 saves for 
his titled career shutout 

Khabibulin, made 10 of his saves dur- 
ing the first 6:56 of the second period as 
fee Canucks outshot the Coyotes 10-2. 

no inr\T “C t/l I I JOS'S 1 . 


/ • 

SOCCER Chelsea Downs Liverpool p. 1 8 FIGURE SKATING The Decline of France p. 1 8 NBA ROUNDUP p. 1 9 





PAGE 20 

World Roundup 

Nik) MxpUyRc dJ en 

Alec Stewart, on his way to 
scoring 173 runs for England. 

Almost a Double 

cricket A near double century 
by wicketkeeper Alec Stewart and 
a return to form by skipper Mike 
Atherton ensured that England's 
hopes were kepi alive in their first 
test match against New Zealand 
on Sunday in Auckland. 

By the close of the third day the 
lest was evenly balanced, with 
England at 366 for six in reply to 
New Zealand's first innings total 
of 390. 

Stewart started the morning on 
67 and hardly put a foot wrong on 
his way to 173. He drove im- 
pressively and was quick to pun- 
ish anything short. 

• In Adelaide, Australia's bats- 
men dominated a weak West In- 
dies bowling attack on the second 
day of their fourth test on Sunday, 
creating a hefty lead that virtually 
assures Australia will at least draw 
the match. Australia was 434 for 
five at the close of play, increasing 
its lead to 304 from nine at the start 
of the day. (Reuters l 

Shula: Shoo-In to Fame 

football One part of this 
year's Pro Football Hall of Fame 
election was a no-brainer. Don 
Shula. eligible for the first time, is 
the winningest coach in National 
Football League History. Case 

Shula’s 347 victories over a 33- 
year coaching record made him 
almost an automatic pick Sat- 
urday. He was elected, along with 
Wellington Mara, who has spent 
60 years as an executive in the 
league; Mike Haynes, who played 
14 seasons at coraerback for the 
New England Patriots and Los 
Angeles Raiders, and Mike Web- 
ster. who played 17 seasons at 
center, almost all of diem with the 
Pittsburgh Steelers. 

Shula’s teams compiled a win- 
ning percentage of .665, and he 
reached the Super Bowl a record 
six times. He also coached the 
Miami Dolphins to a 17-0 record 
in 1972, the only perfect season in 
NFL histoiy. (AP) 

Doping in China 

athletics China caught 10 
athletes using banned substances 
in 1996. Yuan Weimin. deputy' 
minister of the State Physical Cul- 
ture and Sports Commission, said 

Sports authorities carried out 
2.080 doping tests in 1996. up 
nine percent from the previous 
year, he said. Yuan did not identi- 
fy the athletes and did not say if 
they had been p unished. {Reuters) 

Another Jordan Record 

basketball Michael Jordan 
on Sunday became the first player 
to receive more than 2 million 
votes for the NBA All-Star game 
tn one season. In final fan voting 
for the Feb. 9 game at Cleveland, 
the Chicago Bulls guard led all 
players in votes for a record eighth 
time with 2.451.136. (API 

Sampras Routs Moya 
In Australian Oven 

He Clinches Roughest Major’ in 3 Sets 

The Associated Press 

MELBOURNE — Of all nine of Pete 
Sampras' Grand Slam titles, the Aus- 
tralian Open he won Sunday punished 
his body the most 

Suffocating heat, soft, heavy balls, a 
slower than usual hard court and long, 
draining matches all conspired to wear 
him down. 

Not that anyone could tell by the way 
Sampras dispatched the young Carlos 
Moya of Spain. 6-2. 6-3, 6-3 in 87 
minutes in the final. 

Sampras proved he had enough legs 
left, even after two five-set matches in 
the semifinals and quarterfinals, to go 
the distance again. Moya, the 20-year- 
old surprise of the tournament was the 
one who seemed sluggish. 

“This is the toughest major I’ve won, 
physically, with the heat and the heavy 
balls.” said Sampras, who had to ice 
down his aching right arm after every 
match and practice. “The balls are not 
favorable to my game. It's tough to put 
the ball away with these balls." 

The oven-like heat — more than 100 
degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 centigrade) on 
court Sunday and up to 140 degrees (60 
centigrade) other days — made this tour- 
nament tougher for Sampras even than the 
U.S. Open he won last year after vomiting 
and nearly collapsing on court in the 
quaner-finals against Alex Corretja. 

But in winning his second Australian 
title, Sampras was threatened only by 
strings popping on five of his rackets. 

The victory, in the most one-sided 
Australian final in eight years, separated 
the No. 1 American from all but one of 
the greats of the open era. 

Only Bjom Borg, with 11 Grand 
Slam titles, has more majors than 
Sampras since the start of open tennis in 
1968. Sampras had been tied at eight 
with Jimmy Connors and Ivan Lendl. 
Roy Emerson leads the all-time men's 
list with 12 majors. Rod Laver won 1 1 
— only five in open play — and Bill 
Tilden captured 10 in the 1920s and 

“That's how you base your career, on 
Grand Slam titles.” Sampras said. “I 
put pressure on myself to do well in 

them. To have won one is a great start to 
the year.” 

Sampras served 12 aces to Moya's 
two. but it was not sheer power that 
earned him this title. With the temper- 
ature 90 degrees in the shade and a bright 
sun burning through a partly cloudy sky, 
Sampras sacrificed speed for placement 
as he kept the un seeded Moya guessing. 

Unlike earlier matches this tourna- 
ment and in the U.S. Open last year, 
Sampras coped easily with the heat this 
time. He seemed to be playing so ef- 
fortlessly that the crowd and Moya were 
lulled into watching him as if expecting 
winner after winner. Sampras obliged 
with 38 winners — 1 1 on volleys — 
while the baseline -hugging Moya man- 
aged only 13 winners and no volleys. 

“Pete! we want a fourth set!" a spec- 
tator yelled after Sampras took a 3-1 
lead on his serve in the third set. 

Sampras responded with a forehand 
drop-shot winner on the nexL poinL 

Sampras had no desire to let this 
match go longer than necessary, and 
only a shortage of string or rackets could 
have stopped him on this day. He popped 
a string in the second game of die match, 
another one two games later, two more 
in die second set. and another in the third 
set as heat and humidity played havoc 
with his tightly strung rackets. 

Sampras had played enough tennis in 
this tournament, surviving two Five-set- 
ters at the U.S. Open, and this victory 
extended his Grand Slam winning 
streak to 14 matches. 

Sampras said that when he awoke 
Sunday he thought about his late coach, 
Tim Gullikson. who was diagnosed 
with brain cancer here two years ago. 
Sampras said Gullikson would always 
be on his mind when he plays. 

“This is where it all happened." 
Sampras said. "J'm sure he's looking 
down and is very happy that I fought 
through some tough matches." 

Sampras, who fell in the third round at 
the Australian last year, spoke to the 
crowd about how difficult 1996 had been 
as he struggled with Gullikson's death. 
Then he drew laughter when he responded 
to a female fan; “I love you. too, babe." 

Mil* Bble/Rnucn 

MONSTER — A Green Bay Packer fan, wearing the trademark cheese hat, 
walking past a photograph in New Orleans of Jack Lambert, a former NFL 
star. Full reports of Super Bowl XXXI will appear in Tuesday's editions. 

Store KoUudrttac Aaodanrd Picm 

Pete Sampras cooling down after his victory in the Australian Open final. 

Hingis’s Victory Breaks 
A Forever Young Record 

By Robin Finn 

New York Times Service 

MELBOURNE — Although a name 
does not a champion make, the die was 
cast on this champion’s destiny when 
her parents named their only daughter 
after Martina Navratilova, the greatest 
tennis player to emerge from their na- 
tive Czechoslovakia. 

On Saturday, on a sun-drenched cen- 
ter court a continent away from her 
European roots, 1 6-year-old Martina 
Hingis emphatically claimed that des- 
tiny" and then some. 

In Melbourne, Hingis became the 
youngest Grand Slam champion in more 
than a century by shellacking another 
former prodigy. 22-year-old Mary 
Pierce, 6-2, 6-2, in the women’s final of 
the Australian Open. 

With that convincing victory, Hingis, 
who had turned professional upon 

reaching 14, became the youngest wo- 
men’s champion of the Open era, and 
the youngest in tennis history since 15- 
year-old Lottie Dodd won Wimbledon 
in 1887. 

Hingis also won the doubles tide at the 
Australian Open on Friday, with Nata- 
sha Zvereva of Belarus. The last to claim 
both the women's singles and women's 
doubles championships at the Australian 
Open was Navratilova, in 1985. 

Hingis was bom in Kosice, in what is 
now called Slovakia, where her father, 
Karol, coached and managed a tennis 
club. Her mother, Melanie Zogg, was a 
former player of little renown, but the 
parents ambitions for their only daugh- 
ter were great. They put a racket in 
Hingis ’s hands when she was 2, and she 
entered her first tournament ai 4. 

“I lost, 12-0,” a smiling Hingis re- 
called after her triumph Saturday, “but I 
think I had a couple of break points.” 

Hingis's parents separated when she 
was 7. and she and her mother relocated 
to Trubbach, Switzerland, where the 
prodigy's tennis education continued 
under die mother's watchful eye. 

At 12. Hingis became the youngest 
junior French Open champion in the 
history of that event, a tide she won 
again at 13, when she also added the 
junior tides at Wimbledon and the U.S. 
Open to her amateur repertory. 

Although age eligibility rules now 
prohibit 14-year-old girls from playing 

on the WTA Tour, Hingis was allowed 
on the professional circuit just before 
the rule was imposed. 

She played her first professional 
event in Zurich in 1994, two weeks after 
her 14th birthday. But hampered by a 
weak serve, die did not immediately 
find success among her elders. She (fid, 
however, instandy distinguish herself 
with her consummate poise. 

Despite her being named after Nav- 
ratilova, whose net-rushing style has yet 
to be replicated. Hingis's on-court de- 
meanor was reminiscent of that of Nav- 
ratilova's arch-rival, Chris Evert. Like 
Evert, Hingis initially tended to rule 

At her first professional 
event, at 14, she 
distinguished herself with 
her consummate poise. 

from the baseline with a combination of 
deep, accurate ground strokes and an icy 
resolve to never miss a ball 
In the last six months, Hingis shored 
up her serve, improved her volley and 
commenced the campaign that brought 
her the historic victory Saturday. 

Her opponent. Pierce, said that Hingis 
definitely did not play like a rookie any- 
more, and that her innate ability not just 
to place but to anticipate the tall 
rendered her unstoppable in Melbourne. 

“It’s tough when you have someone 
cm the other side who’s just there at every 
tall and making great shots off my good 
shots,” said Pierce, who had beaten Hin- 
gis in all three previous encounters. 

Hingis kept herself relaxed between 
matches by going roller-skating and 
horseback riding, her favorite hobby. 
Although she took a spill last week, 
Hingis not only got right back on the 
horse that threw her, but she also con- 
templated buying it. 

Already a millionaire through her 
tennis prize money, Hingis picked up an 
additional $10 million by signing a con- 
tract with the apparel company Sergio 

“I won this title, and it's a big time 
for me.” Hingis said about her pros- 
pects of chasing future Grand Slams and 
the No. 1 ranking. “I have a pretty big 
chance. I mean, why not?” 


Home Victory: 
A Cup First for 

Canptln itn Our Stuff PnmDapmhri 

Deborah Compagnoni, the Olympic and 
world giant slalom champion, found out 
at last Sunday what it was like to win in 

Compagnoni, the greatest woman 
Alpine skier that Italy has produced — 
the first from her country to win gold 
medals at successive Olympics, in 1992 
and 1994 — won in Cortina d’Ampezzo 
for her third consecutive giant slalom 
victory of the season. It was the first 
World Cup victory on home snow since 
she started out on the circuit in 1987. - 

In Kitzbuehel, Austria, on Sunday. 
Mario Reiter of Austria captured hiV 
first victory of the World Cup season in 
the men's slalom, ahead of Alberto 
Tomba of Italy. 

Compagnoni, who has now won four 
World Cup races this season, clocked a 
combined time of two minutes, 38.25 
seconds through falling snow. Kaija 
Seizinger of Germany was second in 
2:38.84, and Sonja Nef of Switzerland 
thud in 2:39.67. 

Compagnoni, 26, who dominates the 
giant slalom standings with 460 points 
after six races, said, “I have won in Italy 
at last; I’ve cracked it.” 

Pernilla Wiberg of Sweden finished 
fourth to stay comfortably ahead in the 
overall World Cup standings. 

The giant slalom triumph was the 
eighth erf die season for the Italian wo- 
men, who have won the last five races, 
including Friday's downhill, which 
Isolde Kostner shared with Heidi Zur- 
briggen of Switzerland after a dead heaL 
Their success, coupled with a return ip 
form by Tomba. is sure to increase Ur 
fever pitch the pressure on them going 
in to the World Championships next 
week. The championships open in Ses- 
triers on Feb. 2. 

InKutzbuehel.Reiter, the 1996 world 
championship slalom silver medalist, 
clocked a winning aggregate time of one 
minute, 36.09 seconds for his third ca- 
reer World Cup victory. 

“I didn’t think I could do it today,” 
he said. “Winning Kitzbuehel has al- 
ways been my dream. I am not going to 
ski for much longer, so it's good that 1 
fulfilled one of my goals already.” 

Reiter’s victory came as a surprise. 
The 26-year-old had a weak start this 
season following health problems. He 
won his only other slalom in 19% in 

Tomba produced a wild but fast 
second nm to improve on a first-leg fifth 
place for overall second in 1:36.28, to 
demonstrate thai he is in good form for 
Sestriere despite recent injuries and ill- 

Run Christian Jagge of Norway, the. 
1992 Olympic slalom champion, made 
his first appearance on the podium this 
season with third place in 1:36.54. 

Thomas Sykora of Austria, who was 
suffering from hip pains after a fall in 
free practice Sunday morning, disap- 
pointed in the second run and fell back 
from first place after the opening run to 
overall seventh. He has won five of the 
seven slaloms so far this season, putting 
him well ahead in the discipline stand- 
ings. It was the first time in a year that 
Sykora had foiled to finish on the slalom 
World Cup rostrum. 

The defending overall World Cup 
champion, Lasse Kjus of Norway, won 
the combined event, which twinned 
Sunday's slalom with Saturday’s down- 
hilL His teammate, Kjetil Andre 
Aamodt, was second in the combined, 
and Werner Franz of Austria was third. 

On Saturday, Kostner won her 
second race in 24 hours, edging Wiberg 
by .10 seconds in the super-giant slalom 
race. Kostner finished in one minute, 
17.04 seconds, for her fourth career 
victory and second this season. 
Seizinger came in third, 0.2Q behind the 

And in Kitzbuehel on Saturday, Fty. _ 
ScrobI and Werner Franz gave Austria a 
1-2 finish in a World Cup downhill 
Strobl was timed in one minute. 51.58 
seconds. Franz was clocked in 1:52.15. 

Luc Alphand of France, the favorite 
for the World Championships, was 
third, only .05 seconds ne h i mi Franz. 

( Reuters , AP) 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 
makes calling from France and other countries really 
easy; Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 
you’re calling from and you'll get the fastest, clearest 
connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 
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phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to 60%? 
So please check the list for AT&T Access Numbers. 

AT&T Access Numbers 


Steps to Inflow gfeffl pgfl/ng 

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