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The World’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Wednesday, January 29, 1997 

No. 35,431 


Biko ’s Killers Ask for Amnesty 

5 Ex-Policemen Admit Slaying Apartheid Foe in 5 77 

By Lynne Duke 

Post Service 

4 In an extraordinary series of break- 
*' “ 1 2 u Sj ,s *or the panel known as South 
Africa s truth commission, the killers of 
Steve Biko and at least nine other anti- 
apartheid activists were identified Tues- 
day for the first tune. 

five apartheid-era security police of- 
ficers. whose names had been linked for 
yeare to Mr. Biko’s death in 1977, have 
confessed to ihe Truth and Reconcili- 
ahwi Commission in broad terms about 
their role in a string of killings in the 
Easrem Cape region. 

The killers want an amnesty and na- 
tional forgiveness for the abuses they 
committed in the name of white-minor- 
ity rule, including the brutal beating of 
Mr. Biko. who was 30 when he cfied. 
After the beating, Mr. Biko was dumped 
naked into the back of a police truck for 
3 1 .200- kilometer road trip to a prison hr 
* Pretoria. A few hours after arriving 
there, “he died a miserable and lonely 
death on a mat on a stone floor in a prison 

cell.” his family’s lawyer told an in- 
conclusive inquest nearly 20 years ago. 

[Francois van der Mexwe, a lawyer in 
Port Elizabeth who represents several 
former policemen, told The Associated 

Steve Biko, whose killers have been 
identified 20 years after his death. 

New Riddles in Assad’s Damascus 

A Crackdown on Corruption or Maneuvering for the Succession? 

By Douglas Jehl 

Mu- Kwt Times Service 

DAMASCUS — The Syrian capital 
can seem a nest of riddles, and what has 
befallen the Orchid restaurant may be 
merely where the puzzle starts. 

A committee descended on the el- 
egant French spot one day in November 
to shut it down, and it has remained so 
ever since, with a dangling door-tag 
signed “Corruption-fighting section, 
Ministry of Supply.” 

What most intrigues its patrons is that 
the restaurant is owned by a nephew of 
Hafez Assad, the Syrian president. 
People who have begun to piece to- 
gether other developments have begun 
to wonder what is going on. 

One of Mr. Assad's brothers, Jemil, 
has departed abruptly for Paris, where 

another brother, Rifaat, spent part of a 
long exile. Rifaat Assad, now back in 
Damascus and officially still a vice 
president, is reported by foreign dip- 
lomats and prominent Syrians to be un- 
der heavy surveillance. 

At the same tune, Bashar Assad, 31, 
the president's eldest surviving son. has 
been newly christened on posters that 
have emerged around the capital as 
”our hope* v for Syria's future. 

Together with a bomb that exploded 
on a Syrian bus on New Year’s Eve, 
killing 1 1 people but not announced by 
the Syrian media until two days later, 
and the fact that Mr. Assad had not been 
seen in pubtic until Tuesday, the signs of 
maneuvering within the upper ranks of 
Mr. Assad's regime have created a 
mood of unease. ‘ ‘Things feel very fra- 
gile," a diplomat said. 

The owner of the star-crossed res- 
taurant was one of Rifaat Assad's sons, 
yet he was just the first among the 
relatives of top Syrian officials whose 
business activities have been uncere- 
moniously reined in. 

When asked, Syrian officials have 
said that Jemil Assad is undergoing 
medical treatment, that Rifaat Assad 
may move about as he likes and that the 
Orchid and other shuttered enterprises 
were guilty of unspecified irregularities. 
But die diplomats and some prominent 
Syrians say they believe that something 
else may be in the works. 

With President Assad now 66 and 
recovering from prostate surgery, they 
say, he may be trying both co clean 
house and to dear the way for a suc- 

See SYRIA, Page 10 


Clinton Says 
Summit Is On 

President Bill Clinton said Tues- 
day he bad received no indication 
from Moscow that his summit meet- 
ing with President Boris Yeltsin of 
Russia, scheduled for March, would 
not take place. 

Earlier, senior U.S. officials ad- 
mined to increasing concern about 
Mr. Yeltsin's health. On Monday, 
the White House said it could not be 
sure that the meeting would take 
place as planned. Page 4. 

Simpson Civil Case 
Is Given to Jury 

SANTA MONICA. California 
(Reuters) —The O J. Simpson civil 
case was turned over to the jury 
Tuesday to decide if the former 
football star was responsible for the 
wrongful deaths ol his former wife, 
Nicole Brown Simpson, and her 
friend Ronald Goldman. 

Judge Hiroshi Fujisaki told the 
panel, composed of seven women 
and five men. to disregard Mr. 
Simpson’s acquittal of murder 
charges in his 1 995 criminal trial 
and a recent family court ruling 
giving him custody of tire two 
young children he had with hisjjlain 
former wife. 


77i* .dtulrafian tersus the Cat 


Ca& by\ Grieving Dignity' 


Tables Jre Tu rned in Hebron 

Books Pa e e9 ‘ 

Crossword !!■ 

Opinion Pages 8*9. 

Sports pages 20-21, 


Playing ‘Safe,’ Investors 
Rush Into Index Funds 

By Edward Wyatt 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Once upon a time, 
most American investors chose their 
own stocks, one at a time. More re- 
cently, they asked mutual-fund man- 
agers to do the picking for them. 

Now, as the longest bull market in 
history continues, many are deciding 
that they no longer need an expert to find 
the best investments. Instead, they are 
investing in mutual funds whose sole 
purpose is to mimic tire performance of 
the stock market. 

Known as index funds, these funds 
simply hold shares in all the companies 
that make up a popular stock-market 
index — for example, the 500 stocks in 
the Standard & Poor's 500 index, 
which, after the Dow Jones industrial 
average, is the most widely followed 
market barometer. In essence, these 
funds run on autopilot, giving up the 
chance to do any better than the market 
average but also guaranteeing that, ex- 
cept for tire nominal cost of running the 
fund, they will do no worse. 

The ascendancy of index funds has 
come as many Americans, exuberant 
over the winning performance of the 
stock market, are convinced that all that 
is required to make money is to be in the 
market — period 

“Everybody remembers that the mar- 
ket went up 23 percent last year and 37 

S The Dollar 1 

Non Yortt 

Tuesday dose 














1 £3*7:3 The Dow 1 

lk>< jM 

Tuesday ctoee 




1 S&P 500 1 


Tuesday dose 

previous dose 




percent the year before that," said John 
J. Brennan, president of Vanguard 
Group, America’s second-largest mu- 
tual-fund company. “When the market 
goes down 100 points in a day. it’s 
quickly forgotten." 

But even die people who sell index 
funds say many investors appear to be 
full-of misconceptions about the relative 
safety of their investments. Most not- 
ably, some novices have apparently 
mistaken the certainty that an index 
fund will match the market average for 
an assurance that h is almost risk-free. 
In doing so, they have confused the 
diversification of their assets across a 

See INVEST, Page 10 

Algeria Union Chief Dies in Attack 

Press that five of bis clients admitted 
having assaulted Mr. Biko and were 
applying for amnesty. They are Colonel 
Harold Snyman, who led the team that 
interrogated Mr. Biko; Lieutenant Col- 
onel Gideon Niewoudt, a detective ser- 
geant at the time; Ruben Marx, a war- 
rant officer, Daanrjie Siebert, a captain; 
and Johan Beneke, a warrant officer.] 

Mr. Biko’s death sparked global out- 
rage and became a rallying cay for the 
black struggle. 

While Mr. Biko’s is the best-known 
internationally of the newly revealed 
cases, the others also represent some of 
the worst atrocities of white-minority 
rule, when security officials acting in 
concert with the political culture of the 
day attempted to squelch black dissent. 

Apartheid ended in 1994 with South 
Africa's first all-race election, when 
Nelson Mandela became president and 
made reconciliation between blacks and 
whites a centerpiece of his new gov- 
ernment. South Africa’s new mul- 
tiracial Parliament passed legislation 

See BIKO, Page 10 

Wahab AliaeMcd Prtu 

The slain bodyguard of Abdelliaq Beohamouda, the union leader who 
was killed in the assault by a gunman Tuesday in Algiers. Page 10. 

Seoul Pulls Out All Stops 
To Contain Loan Scandal 

Cna^lni byOir^affFmm Dupuuhri 

SEOUL — The loan investigation 
involving Hanbo Group intensified 
Tuesday as prosecutors raided the of- 
fices of the South Korean conglomerate, 
and President Kim Young Sam canceled 
a European tour to focus on the do- 
mestic troubles. 

The central bank also took steps to 
support the company’s creditors in an 
effort to contain the country’s biggest 
bankruptcy in more than a decade, and 
the Justice Ministry announced it was 
prohibiting more bankers who had ex- 
tended loans to the company from trav- 
eling abroad. 

Hanbo's flagship, Hanbo Steel & 
General Construction Co„ which de- 
faulted on debt payments last week, 
borrowed 5 trillion won ($5.84 billion), 
about 20 times its net worth, mainly to 
finance a huge expansion project The 
group's trading arm, Hanbo Corp.. also 
sought court protection, and two other 
units are scheduled to follow. 

The political opposition has called 
the loan crisis the biggest financial ir- 

regularity in the country's history, and It 
has emerged as a major political prob- 
lem for Mr. Kim in an election year. 

‘ ‘President Kim planned to visit Hun- 
gary, Poland, Turkey and Italy in early 
March but this plan has been indef- 
initely postponed,’' a presidential 
spokesman said Tuesday. 

A day earlier, Mr. Kim ordered an 
investigation into $5.9 billion of loans 
funneled to Hanbo’s shaky steelmaking 
unit after the opposition said the loans 
must have involved government fa- 

The police took more than 40 boxes 
of documents from Hanbo affiliates. 

In addition, "the government today 
imposed an overseas travel ban on a 
further 1 7 people, including the beads of 
the four banks, over the Hanbo inves- 
tigation," a Justice Ministry official 

The banks are Korea First Bank, Cho 
Hung Bank, Korea Exchange Bank and 
Korea Development Bank, which have 

See HANBO, PageS 

U.S. Policy 
On Beijing 

He Says Engagement 
Will One Day Bring 
A ‘Berlin Wall’ Effect 

By Brian Knowlron 

International Herald Tnbunr 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton on Tuesday defended his policy 
of “constructive engagement” with 
China, despite a draft State Department 
report saying that Beijing has elimin- 
ated virtually the entire dissident move- 

Mr. Clinton said that economic 
change and a freer exchange of infor- 
mation in China would produce the 
same sort of effervescence and rising 
expectations there that helped bring 
down the Berlin Wall in Europe. 

“I believe that the impulses of the 
society and the nature of the economic 

Clinton says his meetings with 
donors were proper. Page 3. 

changes will work together, along with 
the availability of information from the 
outside world! to increase the spirit of 
liberty over time." Mr. Clinton said. 

That trend, he said, is “inevitable, 
just as the Berlin Wall fell.” 

Mr. Clinton, in the first news con- 
ference of his second term, also made 
one of his strongest statements to dale 
on the future of Hong Kong, saying he 
was “concerned’’ about events to erode 
civil rights there and that it was plainly 
in Beijing’s interests to maintain the 
people's freedoms once the British 
colony reverts to Chinese control on 
July I. 

Domestic issues dominated the 55- 
minute session in the White House's 
East Room, But one reporter asked Mr. 
Clinton whether the State Department's 
expected conclusion, in an annual hu- 
man rights report to be released 
Thursday, did not signal the failure of 
his policy of constructive engagement 

That policy holds that the U.S.- 
Chinese relationship is too important to 
allow disagreement on any single issue, 
such as human rights, to disrupt it. 

“We have not made the progress in 
human rights that J think — that 1 had 
hoped to make, yes.” he said. “But it 
does not mean that if we had followed a 
policy of isolating ourselves from China 
when no one else in the world was 
prepared to do that, that we would have 
gotten better results. 

See CHIN A, Page 10 

In Wales, Doubts on Foreign Investment 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

CARDIFF, Wales — Prime Minister 
John Major will sink a silver-plated 
spade into the thin Welsh soil near here 
Wednesday, officially breaking ground 
for what is said to be the largest foreign 
investment Europe has ever seen — the 
new $2.75 billion manufacturing base 
for LG Group of South Korea. 

Yet, even before the official celeb- 
rations have begun, many in Wales are 
already fretting about the hangover. 

Rather than representing the brave 
new future of Wales, some observers 
say the LG investment may be the last of 
a breed. 

It is an investment dinosaur, many 
officials and economists now feel, that 
!y too big, too expensive and too 
to manufacturing to usher in true 

prosperity. After years of fighting the ill 
effects of industrial decline — the end- 
less stream of shuttered steel mills and 
abandoned coal mines — by luring new, 
modern industries from abroad to take 
their places and hire their workers, 
Wales has begun to shift its strategy. 

It is doing so at the very moment 
when its success with LG Group and 
others is being hailed as a model for the 
rest of Europe. 

Underlying that shift is the growing 
realization that while foreign -owned 
manufacturing plants have brought the 
region jobs, they have failed to deliver 
real affluence. 

For that Wales has now turned its 
sights on luring higher paid, higher 
skilled service-sector jobs. 

It is a change of strategy that offers 
lessons for other hard-pressed regions 
from Eastern Germany to the emerging 



markets of East Asia as they struggle 
harness foreign capital to their own d 
mesne agendas. 

Twenty-one years ago, when the 
Welsh Development Agency was set up 
to snare investment, the principality 
suffered from 14 percent unemploy- 
ment — from a coal industry that alone 
has shed more than 200,000 jobs since 
World War H. Today after £8 billion 
($13 billion) in foreign funding has 
sprung to life on Welsh soil as semi- 
conductor plants and factories for auto 
parts, unemployment has been nearly 
halved to 7.4 percent. 

Along the way the Welsh have ful- 
filled one of their most cherished aims: 
closing a gap in their joblessness rate 
relative to Britain's as a whole that 
stood at 3 percentage points for decades. 

See WALES. Page 10 

As Pakistani Vote Nears , Corruption Charges Lead Most Tickets 

Amid Public Cynicism, Election May Not Even Be Held 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Post Service 

— ' News stand 

1 Andorra' 10.00 FF Lebanon 4A£°jjO| 

■Cameroon . 1 . 6 QQCFA 

!fSSd.: - 1Q-00 FF SS^i'imCFA 

l Gabon I1QDCFA Senegal 

; toiy ^....2,800 Lire Tunwa 

1 him coast .1 £50 CFA U.A.E. JO 001 pbh 

SjS3wT-... 15S0JD US.MMBir.L-Sl' 20 

LAHORE, Pakistan — In the year that Pakistan 
celebrates the 50th anniversary of its indepen- 
dence. these are the main candidates for prime 
minister in the election scheduled next weekMwo 
former prime ministers who have been accused of 
eruption and a former cricket star who has never 

voted. . i i j 

And the election may not even be beta. 

Many voters may not care, given their choices. 
They have grown disgusted with three successive 
elected parliaments that have not delivered job 
growth or clean government in a poor country that 
was rated last year as the world s second-most 
corrupt by Transparency International, agroup 
3 to fighdngbusiness corruption. (Nigeria 

Wa fSwss predict that widespread public cyn- 
icfcmabwt gov?rament will reduce vote, turnout 
Jo^Som25 percent, down from the historical 

have lost Mih in toe 
i-Jilflnc*’ said Arif Habib, president of the 
ihe toS^slaigMi stock 

market. “They have lost confidence in them, 
mainly because of these corrupt practices. ” 

The parliamentary election scheduled Monday 
would be the fourth since 1988, when Benaztr 
Bhutto led a successful movement to restore demo- 
crat in a country ruled by military leaders for half 
of its existence. 

Miss Bhutto's second term as prime minister 
ended after three years when President Farooq 
Leghari dismissed her government on Nov. 5 for 
corruption and abuse of power. Under the con- 
stitution, a new parliamentary election has to be 
held within three months of his order. 

But Miss Bhutto has challenged die grounds for 
her dismissal under a 1985 constitutional amend- 
ment that was written by the last military gov- 
ernment, fueling speculation that the Supreme 
Court, when Unties on her appeal this week, might 
cancel the election and reinstall her government. IS 
not, she is the candidate of her party. 

Legal precedents suggest that the court's de- 
cision could go either way. 

The justices have upheld the constitutional 
amendment that ai rtfrorizes a president, who is elect- 

See PAKISTAN, Page 5 

Muraswil PjfJu.'HmITO 

Nawaz Sharif, a candidate for prime minister in Pakistan, waving to supporters at a rally. 

^uaiu iw s rw 


Australia’s Call of the Wild? / Eradicate the Cat 

A Crusade to Wipe Out a I'bracious Interloper 

By Seth Mydans 

New York Times Service 

S YDNEY — As if in some B- 
mowe rhriiler, people here are 
raising a hue and cry about an 
alien predator that is spreading 
out of control across the land: a plague 
of millions of killer house cats run 

Interlopers on this isolated island 
continent like the settlers who brought 
diem here 200 years ago, stray cats have 
multiplied through Australia's desens, 
forests and urban alleys, driving in- 
digenous species to extinction as they 

Without any natural enemies to keep 
them in check as on other continents, 
perhaps 12 million wild cats have been 
killing small creatures whose evolution 
has not taught them that cats are their 

Extinct already, or living only in 
zoos, are the pig-footed bandicoot, the 
brush-tailed benong, the rufous hare- 
wallaby and a dozen other birds and 
marsupial species that were found 
nowhere else on earth. 

Scores of ocher species are en- 
dangered. wildlife specialists say, in- 
cluding woyties. hoodies, numbats and 
the potoroo. 

Conservationists have been warning 
for years about this feline colonization, 
but lately their cause has been taken up 
in a nationwide alarm that is being met with an- 
guished opposition from cat lovers. 

“I am calling for the total eradication of cats in 
Australia." proclaimed Richard Evans, a member 
of Parliament, putting the issue on the national 
agenda last October. 

"Cats ore responsible for 39 species being either 
extinct, locally extinct or near extinct in Australia," 
Mr. Evans said the other day. 

Domestic cats each kill an estimated 25 native 
animals a year, and wild cats kill as many as 1 ,000 a 
year, according to the National Parks and Wildlife 


For Cat? 

In light of an Australian 
proposal to rid the 
country of cats, here 
are some native 
alternative pets. 







Isoodon obesulus 
16.7 inches tall 

7 pounds 
7 years 

Inquisitive, tough. 
Will sit in a lap. 

Brownie, Bandy 



33.5 inches long 
including tail 

17.6 pounds 
8 years 

Tough, suitable substi- 
tute for pit bull terrier. 

Fang, Lucifer 

Sooces: John Walmsley, Warrawong Sanctuary. South AustraM; AustraBan Manst&als and other Native Mammals 


Macmpus ettgenli 

3.3 feet long 
Including tail 

14.3 pounds 
10 years 

Attractive. Not suit- 
able to house train. 

Will demand to be fed. 

Wally, Skippy 

The New York Tunes 


HOUGH he now says a cat-free continent 
may be beyond reach. Mr. Evans drew wide 
support with his proposal to kill all cats by 
2020 by neutering pets and spreading fatal 
feline diseases in the wild. 

The proposal recalls a partly successful attempt 
earlier in the century to eliminate rabbits, another 
species imported to Australia, with a virus pop- 
ularly known as white blindness. By the thousands, 
dying rabbits staggered onto highways and were hit 
by cars , causing widespread alarm. 

The rabbits, however, were mostly a threat to 
crops. But with the perception that the survival of 
the native fauna is at stake, a hatred of cats has swept 
the nation, causing some owners to keep their pels at 
home to avoid vigilantes. 

Hugh Wiith, the national president of the Royal 

Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 
said that “75 percent of Australians view cats as 
virtually as distasteful as Lucifer himself." 

One local journalist told a visitor: “Do Australia 
a favor: kill a caL What do you want? Do you want 
cats or do you want koalas?" 

Not everyone is enthusiastic about the anti-cat 
campaign. Leo Oosterwegbel, director of the Royal 
Melbourne Zoological Gardens, agreed with Mr. 
Evans that cats must go. But be said he was con- 
cerned that die demonizing of cats was leading to a 
rise in cruelty toward them. 

"In Queensland, people were getting out golf 
sticks and hitting them," he said. “It became a 

In the tropical Northern Territory, where annual 
flooding flushes wild cats up into the branches of 
trees, park rangers go out in boats ax night and shoot 
them by the thousands. 

“They flash their floodlights down the rivers and 
the eyes of the cats ligfat up like Christmas trees," 
Mr. Evans said. 

Members of the Cat Protection Society have 
protested the anti-cat campaign and the RSPCA 
called Mr. Evans's proposals “outrageous and un- 

Responsible pet ownership and government reg- 
ulation can solve the problem better than mass 
killings, which only create a temporary dip in cat 
population, Mr. Wirth said. 

In 1991, the shire of Sherbrooke in the stale of 

Victoria was the first local government to introduce 
a cat-control law, including prohibiting owners 
from letting their pets outdoors, and it has slowed 
the killing of endangered lyrebirds. 


LEADER of the anti-cat crusade is John 
Walmsley, a conservationist who once 
publicized his cause by wearing a cat skin 
.on his head like a coonskin cap, its small 
flat face looking out over his forehead. 

"The biggest problem with wildlife we have in 
Australia is domestic cats,' ’ he said. Mr. Walmsley, 
who runs the Warrawong Sanctuary in South Aus- 
tralia. said he wants people to love Australia’s 
indigenous animals as much as they love cats, and 
has been trying — without great success — to 
persuade Australians to adopt a variety of mar- 
supials as pets. 

“The bandicoot makes an absolutely delightful 
pet," he said. “It is the marsupial rat. I suppose. 
You can house-train them and they’ll eat the mice in 
your house. 

"The quoll makes a wonderful pet It filled the 
niche of the cat before the cat came to Australia. The 
quoll will eat your mice and you can put it out at 

‘ ‘The most wonderful pet of ail is the platypus," 
he said with an enthusiasm few others seem to share. 
“How else can I explain it? They are charming, 
absolutely delightful. I don’t know why Australians 
don’t have platypuses as pets." 

U.S. Would Open Wallet 
To a Post-Castro Cuba 

By Nick Madigan 

Washington PoaSenw 

MIAMI — Cuba can expect tore- 
ceive substantial amounts of aid from 
the international community, including 
the United States, K> promote its tran- 
sition to democracy once President Fidel 
Castro is no longer in power, according 
to a Clinton administration rep ort. ^ 

The administration was 

prepare the report, “SuH>ort for a Demo- 
cratic Tr ansiti on in Cuba.” by last yesrs 
Hdms-Burton Act, whit* imposes U.S. 
sanctions against foreign companies op- 
erating in Cuba with the assets of U.b. 
citizens that were appropriated by the 
Communist government. 

The report, which was drafted for re- 
lease Tuesday by die Agency for In- 
ternational Development with input 
from other agencies, says the adm in- 
istrati on will suspend long-standing 
track: sanctions and beg in normalizing 
relations with Cuba after it becomes ap- 
parent titat a transition government is in 
pi;y»» and is committed to democracy. 

The report estimates that the first six 
yeara of post-Castro transition would 
cost between $4 billion and $8 billion, 
with the ‘‘predominant’’ share coming 
from the United States, and the rest from 
international financial institutions, mul- 
tilateral organizations and other gov- 

Mr. Castro, who will be 70 in August, 
has been in power since 1959. Cuba’s 
re gim e is the last Donelected govern- 
ment in the hemisphere. 

“The United States doesn’t want to 
punish the Cuban people.” said Rep- 
resentative Robert Menendez, Demo- 
crat of New Jersey. “On die contrary, 
it’s in solidarity with them. It wants to 
help diem.” 

As soon as the Cuban authorities re- 
lease political prisoners and call for 
internationally supervised elections 
within 18 months, "then we will begin 
to provide developmental assistance 
and maybe even some military adjust- 
ment assistance,” Mr. Menendez said. 
The Cuban Army, he said, “is way 
bigger than it needs to be.” - 

The report predicts that once a demo- 
cratic government is in place, the United 
States will begin negotiations to either 
return the U.S. naval base at 
Guantanamo to Cuba or renegotiate its 
presence there, at the southeastern tip of 
the island. The report also envisions 
U.S. assistance in the restoration of hu- 
man rights, establishment of a modern 
judicial system and a democratic le- 
gislature and the rebuilding of Cuba’s 
dilapidated infrastructure. 

“Cubans. like the other peoples of 
this hemisphere, of Eastern Europe and 
the former Soviet Union, desire to be 

free ” President Bill Clinton wrote in 
the foreword of the 23-page document. 
“The United States is committed to help 
the Cuban people in a transition to 

< * e ^3nunistration official, who asked 
not to be named, said the report would 
serve as reassurance to Cubans that they 
face “a less frightening transition than 
they’ve been led to believe." The re- 
port's contents, he said, would be broad- 
cast to Cubans in an intense campaign 
over Radio Marti, the U.S. government's 
propaganda outlet' aimed at Cuba. 

Greeks Oppose 
US. Mediation 

The Associated Press 

ATHENS — A majority of 
Greeks mis trust efforts by the 
United States to solve problems 
with Turkey and instead prefer me- 
diation by the European Union, a 
poll said Tuesday. 

According to the poll, published 
in the pro-government Athens daily 
Ta Nea, 68.9 percent of those sur- 
veyed opposed U.S. mediation to 
resolve disputes with Turkey , while 
70.9 percent favored the Eu. 

On the problem of the division of 
Cyprus, 57.6 percent were against 
U.S. mediation in the dispute and 
were “absolutely opposed" to an 
American initiative to solve it. The 
island has been split into Greek and 
Turkish sectors since 1974. 

Carried out by Project Research 
Consulting in Athens, the poll was 
based on interviews with 986 
people over the age of 1 S. It has a 3 
percent margin or error. 

President Bill Clinton has 
pledged an initiative later this year 
to try and solve the dispute over 
Cyprus. A solution to the problem 
is seen as a first step toward settling 
longstanding differences between 
the two North Atlantic Treaty Or- 
ganization allies. 

Although the two allies have 
twice come to die brink of war in 
the last decade over territorial dis- 
putes, 45 percent of those sunned 
were against talks or negotiations 
between Greece and Turkey. 

Torsions also have been running 
high following Cyprus's recent de- 
cision to buy long-range Russian 

Pollsters say the survey reflects a 
resurgence of anti-Americanism 
among Greeks. 

Castro and the Pope: More Than a Symbol in Cuba 

By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Sen-ice 

PARRAGA. Cuba — The Reverend 
Oscar Perez surveyed his parish church 
with obvious pride, as dozens of people 
sat in small groups to discuss the Bible 
before breaking up to attend the Mass he 
was about to celebrate. 

* ‘Our situation has changed from one 
of a certain degree of confrontation with 
the state to being much more open, ” the 
Roman Catholic priest said, sitting on a 
bare wooden pew. amid the cacophony 
of voices in the Bible classes. “Things 
have changed enormously. Everyone 
used to try to hide their faith. Now you 
can see they practice it openly.” 

After decades of hostility, relations 
between the Roman Catholic Church 
and Cuba's government are undergoing 
the most profound change since Fidel 
Castro came to power in 1959. Church 
workers and diplomats say a new tol- 
erance for religious activity and social 
programs represents the most likely 
means in 36 years of introducing ele- 
ments of change in the rigid Marxist 

Nothing symbolized the change in 
relations more graphically than Mr. 
Castro’s Nov. 19 audience with Pope 

John Paul II at the Vatican and the 
decision to allow the pontiff to visit the 
island in January 1998. 

“The government is taking a calcu- 
lated risk,' ‘ said an academic close to the 
church. ‘ ‘With the opening and die papal 
visit, the government gains legi tim acy 
and further isolates U.S. policy. The 
Pope gets more space for the church and 
perhaps a chance for the church to play a 
role in a political transition here. Fun- 
damental to the government’s position is 
understanding the church will never 
seek direct political power." ‘ 

After suffering an economic crisis 
following the collapse of the Soviet bloc 
in 1989. Cuba is regaining its footing, 
although the recuperation is slow. But 
the improvements have given the gov- 
ernment more confidence that the 
Pope*s visit will not be a spark for social 

4 ‘Two years ago, the visit would have 
been a real risk." a Latin American 
diplomat said. “Now the risk is ac- 

Diplomats and government officials 
say the papal visit offers Mr. Castro a 
potential payoff. The pontiff has spoken 
out strongly against the 34-year U.S. 
economic embargo against the island 
and recent measures such as the Helms- 

Burton Act, which strengthen and 
broaden it. 

“The visit will help delegitimize the 
Miami Cubans who always portrayed 
themselves as the good Catholics fight- 
ing evil Marxism, and who are the ones 
who most strongly support the em- 
bargo,” a European diplomat said. 

A senior government official, calling 
Helms-Burton — which seeks to pen- 
alize companies that do business with 
Cuba — “an act of war," said: “Any 
allies we have in that war are welcome, 
and the Pope has been outspoken on 
that." Thus, he added, Cuba and the 
Pope are in accord on this. 

The church is a growing power, not 
only because of its sirgjng membership 
but also because it is providing medical 
and food aid. Caritas, the Catholic char- 
ity operating here since 1992, has dis- 
tributed about $7 million in aid during 
each of the last two years. Much of the 
aid is in medical supplies that help keep 
the nation’s vaunted health care pro- 
gram from fraying further. 

In Father Perez's church on the out- 
skirts of Havana, in a working-class 
neighborhood, 70 people are caking 
classes in preparation for their first 
Communion, and the pews are almost 
always full — something Father Perez 

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Agence France-Presse 
ANKARA — Turkey and 
its neighbor Georgia have 
reached an agreement to build 
a rail line to link the two coun- 
tries, die Anatolian News 
Agency said Tuesday. It said 
the line would be constructed 
between the Turkish border 
town of Kara and the Geor- 
gian capital, Tbilisi 

said was unthinkable just a year ago. 

According to Catholic Church stat- 
istics, there were about 25.000 baptisms 
in Havana in 1989. In 1995, there were 
almost 36,000. 

Orlando Marquez, editor of Palabra 
Nueva, the publication of the arch- 
diocese of Havana, attributed the 
church’s growth to "disappointment 
and disenchantment” of many people 
during hard times. 

“People are looking for spiritual 
rather than material solutions," Mr. 
Marquez said. “They have found the 
materialist offerings of socialism do not 
satisfy frilly.” 

There are several clear indications of 
the thaw in relations. Many church lead- 
ers went into exile after 1961, when Mr. 
Castro declared Cuba a Marxist-Len- 
inist — and therefore atheist — state. 

In the 1960s, according to Shawn 
Malone, associate director of die Geor- 
getown University Cuba Project, "in- 
dividual clergy were persecuted, reli- 
gious services were obstructed or 
disrupted, church property was vandal- 
ized, educational and occupational ac- 
cess for believers was restricted, and, 
for a brief period in the 1960s, ‘re- 
education camps’ grouped priests with 
prostitutes, criminals and other ‘anti- 
social elements.’ ” 

But the attitude of the state gradually 
changed. In 1992, as church attendance 
was climbing and the economic situ- 

JapeReyTTbe ' 

The Reverend Oscar Perez, baptizing a girl in his church in Parraga, says 
the openness of religious practice m Cuba has "changed enormously.’’ 

ation deteriorating, the constitution was 
amended so Cute was defined as a 
secular, not Marxist, state, and it was 
declared that religious believers could 
also be party members. 

Still, in recent years, confrontations 

bad occurred. That has largely vanished 
since Mr. Castro’s papal audience. 

Church leaders said they are wary but 
optimistic thar the changes will be long- 
lived, that the door opened will not be so 
easy to shut. 

Strike to Halt Many French Trains 

PARIS (Reuters) — France’s state railroad company said 
Tuesday that a 36-hour strike could disrupt up to two-thuds of 
train services starting Wednesday evening. 

The SNCF said Eurostar service between Paris and London 
and high-speed service to Belgium should be normal, but that 
French intercity service could be reduced by 30 to 70 percent 
during the strike, from 9 PAL Wednesday to 9 AA1 Friday. 

The Communist-led CGT and Socialist-led CFDT unions 
assert that jobs would be at risk under a government plan to 
turn over SNCF debt, as well as ownership of the rail network, 
to a new state holding company. 

5 Airlines Said to Seek Iraq Flights 

BAGHDAD (AFP) — Five European and Arab airlines 
have asked the UN sanctions committee for permission to 
resume flights to Baghdad to deliver supplies under the oil- 
for-food deal an Iraqi airline official said Tuesday. 

The airlines told Iraqi Airways they were ready to resume 
flights after a six-year ban, die head of the airline, Rahih 
Mohammed Saleh, told the newspaper A! Jumhuriyah. 

He did not name die airlines. 



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Middle East 

Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by AocuWulhar. Asia 

North America 

Cold air will cover the 
Grsal Lahn Mo the Nodh- 
aast and mld-Adande Mb 
S aturday. A l&rga winter 
atom could affect much of 
(he East Thursday, fol- 
lowed by a brief cold shot 
In the Southeast Friday. 
Ths Southwest and soufr 
•m Rockies wfll be mQd 
and efcy. 


The cold air will retreat 
Iran eastern Europe 
Thursday, though arid air 
rntgr hold on a M longer in 
aoutheaatom Europe and. 
Turiwy. The rest of Europe 
srifl have near, u> above 
normal tampemtures; how- 
ever. Parts ana Mirich wU 
stay rattier cfiUy into Fri- 


Northeastern China. 
Including Beijing,' and 
South Korea, Including 
Seoul, mil be rather mAd 
Thursday through Satur- 
day. Manchuria tmbe vary 
cold Into Friday, than (he 
cold air will overspread 
northern Japan. Southern 
Japan w* be cool to chffly. 
Seasonable in Hong Kong. 


North America 












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Clinton Deft 

s With Donors 


W ASHINGTON x n - . maneri and Mr: Clinton said he had ordered all 

■.PV” 5 inference White Hoose aides to' cooperate. “I just want 
cam- him to be fair,” Mr. Clinton said of Senator 
ana education policy S? 1 * 316 Fred Thompson, the Tennessee Republican 

<m Tuesday 

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Jjlr. Clinton said, however, that there was 
noting wrong with his attendance, or thatof 
Tre^^y Secretary Robert Rubin’s. - 

B ^^appropriate thing and can be 

a good thing for the president and for the 
j*cretaiy of Treasury to meet with a group of 
bankers and listen to them and listen to their 
concerns," Mr. Clinton said. 

I can tell you categorically that no de- 
cision ever came out of any of those coffees 
where 1 or anyone else said, ‘This person’s a 
contributor of ours; do what they a?k us to 
do. ” 

Attorney General Janet Reno is considering 
whether to appoint a special prosecutor to 
investigate Democratic National Committee 
fund-raising practices; Mr. Clinton said that 
was her decision to make and declined to 
piswer when asked if he believed such an 
investigation was necessary. 

The Senate Government Affairs Commit- 
tee also is about to open an investigation of the 

Mr. Clinton called die news conference to 
talk about die balanced budget proposal be 
will submit to Congress, next week. Specif- 
ically, Mr. Clinton called on Congress to 
support the education spending proposals that 
were centerpiece items of his re-election cam- 
paign agenda. 

But when Mr. Clinton opened the floor to 
questions, die education initiative was nearly 
forgotten as Mr. Clinton was peppered with 
questions about campaign fond-raising and 
several pressing foreign polity matters. 

He took issue with a question about wheth- 
er he had sold access to the White House for 
$250,000, but then acknowledged die costs of 
modem campaigns bad invited excesses in 

“What they got from ine is a respectful 
hearing if they have some concern about die 
issues,” Mr. Clinton said. 

Among the questions raised by Repub- 
licans is whether Mr. Clinton changed his 
position on a major immigration measure last 
year after being pressed by major Asian- 
American donors to the Democratic National 
Committee and his re-election campaign. 

Also, some have questioned whether fund- 
raising solicitations were made in the White 
House — which would be a violation of 
federal law. Many of those invited to the 
coffees with Clinton made big contributions 
to the party that same day, or soon after- 

“There is no pattern car practice here of 

trying to push our system over the brink into 
corruption," Mr. Clinton said. “What hap- 
pens ls there is a race to get as much money as 
you can to keep from being buried by the other 
people and make sure you can get your mes- 
sage out And at the edges errors are made.” 

Mr. Clinton was also asked about the mys- 
terious hiring of former Associate Attorney 
General Webster Hubbell by tbe Lippo 
Group, an Indonesian banking conglomerate 
at the center of a good deal of me questionable 
Democratic fund-raising. Mr. Hubbell 
resigned after admitting he overbilled legal 
clients in Arkansas, and Whitewater pros- 
ecutors were seeking his cooperation at the 
time betook tbe job with Lippo. 

Mr. Clinton said that he had no role in tbe 
hiring of Mr. Hubbell. (NYT, AP) 

■ Seeking Tax Credits 

Mr. Clinton, in keeping with a campaign 
promise, will soon ask Congress to provide 
tax credits to businesses that hire long-term 
welfare recipients, administration officials 
say. The New York Times reported. 

But even before the proposal is formally 
made, critics have begun to express doubts 
about whether such credits will achieve tbeir 
goal. Economists inride the government and at 
several universities said that similar credits in 
the past had provided a windfall to employers 
without significantly increasing the number of 
poor people hired. 

Mr. OSntou will propose giving employers a 
credit equal to 50 percent of foe first $10,000 in 
wages paid to long-term welfare recipients- 

Volley in Fund-Raising War 

Senator Vows to Chase White House Records to Courts 

LanXahoui/IV.VNidrtad ftw. 

FLOOD — Residents of San Jose, California, rafting in the street after a storm. 

Away From Politics 

• The Presbyterian Church (U.S-A.) is 

trying to settle a debate over gay ministers 
with a proposal that anyone-^- homosexual 
or heterosexual — who has sex outside 
marriage and fails to repent is ineligible to 
be a minister or lay church officer. The 
church's regional divisions will vote on tire 
proposal. (WP) 

• One-third of hospital patients feel 

poorly prepared to go home, have trouble 
getting questions answered Or feel they do 
not have enough input on their treatment, 
says a survey by tbe Picker Institute, a 
health care consumer research firm. (AP) 

• A former security guard, Richard Jew- 
ell, sued Tbe Ati acta Journal-Constitution 
and his former employer, saying they 
libeled him when he was identified as a 
suspect in the Olympic Park bombing. The 
suit names the newspaper, nine reporters 
and Piedmont- College in Georgia (AP) 

By David S. Broder 

Washington Post Service 

publican senator says be is 
planning a thorough investi- 
gation of tbe fund-raising 
practices ofboth parties and is 
prepared to go to court, if 
necessary, to force tbe release 
of White House records he 
says be needs for the job. 

Fred Thompson, foe Ten- 
nessee senator who is the new 
chairman of tbe Government- 
al Affairs Committee, has set 
no starting dale for hearings 
on thepoliticaily sensitive is- 
sue. He promised a “strong 
look” at contributions from 
foreign sources and the whole 
pattern of relationships 
among donors, party operat- 
ives and executive branch of- 

* T ’m trying to strike a tone 
that this will be bandied with 
a firm hand, but fairly,” Mr. 
Thompson said in an inter- 
view. “but a lot will depend 
on the cooperation we get.'* 

Mr. Thompson, according 
to close associates, has no 
complaints so far about White 
House cooperation, and he is 
hopeful that he has convinced 
President Bill Qmtou's 
second-term team that he is 
not seeking partisan advan- 

%ut he will tell thef Senate 
that in his view, Mr. Clinton 
and his legal counsel have in 
the past used spurious claims 
of both executive privilege 
-and attorney -client privilege 
to impede congressional in- 
vestigators or to deny them 
relevant materials. Sources 
said Mr. Thompson wanted 
the White House to have been 
forewarned of his readiness to 
fight tbe battle in foe courts. 

Mr. Thompson served as 
minority counsel of foe spe- 
cial Senate committee that in- 
vestigated the Watergate 
break-in and its cover-up by 
President Richard Nixon and 
his associates. Mr. Nixon 
sought to invoke executive 
privilege to prevent the re- 
lease of Oval Office tapes, 
and when the Supreme Court 
rejected his plea, was forced 
to resign. 

Among the examples of 
better cooperation Mr. 
Thompson will cite in a 
speech to the Senate on the 
issue are President Ronald 
Reagan’s waiving executive 
privilege during the investi- 
gation of the Iran-contra af- 
fair and President Jimmy 
Carter's waiver when his 
brother Billy's relationship 
with the Libyan government 
was under investigation. 

Partly because of his Wa- 
tergate experience and partly 
because of his effectiveness on 
television, the Tennessee sen- 
ator and former actor was 
chosen by Republican leaders 
to lead the major congression- 
al investigation of the scandal 
over fund-raising by the 
Democratic National Commit- 
tee in support of the Clinton- 
Gore re-election campaign. 

Much of tbe controversy 
has focused on John Huang, a 
former vice chairman of the 
Democratic National Com- 
mittee who solicited money 
primarily in the Asian-Amer- 
ican community. Mr. Huang, 
who was an- official in the 
Commerce Department be- 
fore joining tbe committee, 
raised $3.4 million, at least $1 
million of which has been 
deemed improper and re- 
turned to contributors. 

He and others also ar- 

ranged during foe campaign 
for the president to meet with 
donors whose criminal re- 
cords or other past activities 
the White House has acknow- 
ledged made them “inappro- 
priate” guests. 

Tbe president has vowed to 

Cosby, Back at Work, Grieves 6 With Dignity’ 

By Lawrie Mifflin 

Mnr York Times Service 

NEW YORK — In a two- 
and-a-half hour interview 
with the CBS anchorman Dan 
Rather, Bill Cosby spoke of 
his family's anguish at the 
roadside killing of his son and 
said that he and his wife 
wanted to be able to grieve 
with dignity, 

Tbe interview took place 
Sunday, the day after Mr. 
Cosby returned to New York 
from his family’s home in 
western Massachusetts, and 
one day before be was to re- 
sume the taping of his CBS 
television show “Cosby." 
Parts of the interview were 
broadcast Sunday night and 
Monday morning. 

Mr. Cosby described his 
son's burial last week, in an 
herb garden on the property. 
He said 10 or 11 friends and 
family members joined hands 
and carried the coffin down a 
snowy hill, “and 1 set the 
coffin down over the hole, 
and I said, 'We now want to 
give praise to God for allow- 
ing us to know him — not for 
giving him to us, but just let- 
ring us know him.' ” % 

Ermis Cosby was shot in the 
head after he pulled his Mer- 
cedes-Benz convertible on a 
Los Angeles freeway to fix a 
flat tire Jan. 16. The police 
have speculated that the at- 
tacker may haw had robbery 
in mind, but apparently noth- 
ing was token. 

Mr. Rather said Mr. Cosby, 
who is one of the best-known 
and wealthiest entertainers in 
the world, talked repeatedly of 
bis desire to see his family's 
tragedy, and his son’s 
memory, treated with dignity. 

“He must have used that 
word two dozen times or 
more.” Mr. Rather said. 
“This man is hurting- He is 
really hurting. But he is de- 
termined to get past it, and it 

would be impossible to over- 
state his determination that he 
and his family be able to 
grieve with dignity, in keep- 
mgwith his son’s memory 
The interview of the leading 

by the 

newsman of CBS i 

took place in 
Mr. Cosby’s office at Kauf- 
man Astoria Studios in 
Queens, New York. Mr. 
Cosby also admitted to having 
had a brief affair 20 years ago 
with a woman whose daughter 
claimed last week that Mr. 
Cosby was her father. 

He told Mr. Rather that be 

was sure he was nottbe father 

of the woman. Autumn Jack- 
son, who was indicted on ex- 
tortion charges last week after 
she demanded $24 million for 
not taking her story to tabloid 

Mr. Cosby also spoke 
about his wife’s grief, his ac~ 

S ‘ tance with tbe friend of 
Cosby who may have 
seen tbe shooting after receiv- 
ing a phone call from the vic- 
tim just before he was killed, 
his confidence in the Los 
Angeles Police Department 
and bis reasons for returning 
to work on “Cosby.” 

The interview was initiated 
by Mr. Cosby, who called 
CBS News. 

“He said it was Super 
Bowl Sunday, and be re- 
membered watching Super 
Bowls witb his son,’’ Mr. 
Rather said Sunday. ' 'He said 
he wanted to talk, and then be 
gqjfl - ‘Bring your camera and 
your microphone. I have 
some .things l want to tell 

PC 5Sr. Cosby has declined to 
talk to any other reporters 
aboux the death of his son. 
Sunday be gave Mr. Rather a 
hint of why he bad suddenly 
reached out: He told Mr. 
Rather that he bad driven 
back to New York on Sat- 
urday night, and once in tbe 
city had been spotted in his 

car by several people. In foe 
past, when passers-by recog- 
nized him, he would make a 
face or give them a thumbs-up 
sign, and they would laugh. 
Mr. Rather said, but this time 
they turned away “with very 
sad faces.” 

“He said to himself, ‘This 
can’t go on,’” Mr. Rather 
quoted Mr. Cosby as telling 
h im- “He knows Ibis is a hurt 
that will never go away, but 
insofar as humanly possible, 
he wants people to move back 
to. the time where they saw 
him as someone who 
laughter into tbeir lives.' 

Mr. Rather added: “He 
told me, Tm a comedian. I’m 
a performer. I’m an entertain- 
er.' He said foot's the way 
people know him, and foe 
way he knows people, and be 

wanted to return to that re- 

In a portion of the inter- 
view broadcast on Sunday 
night, Mr. Cosby said his wife 
was disturbed that their son's 
killer was still at large. 

Mr. Rather said foar be had 
known Mr. Cosby for about 
20 years, although they were 
“not close personal friends.” 
He said Mr. Cosby told him to 
ask anything he wanted. 

Mr. Cosby “was very can- 
did and said he took full re- 
sponsibility for what 
happened” between him and 
Ms. Jackson’s mother, Mr. 
Rather said. But he did not 
discuss the reaction of his 
wife, Camille, to the affair, 
nor did he say when she had 
learned of iL 

Mr. Rather said Mr. Cosby 

had made only one request for 
the interview, that he be filmed 
sitting in front of a portrait of 
Ennis wearing his cap and 
gown on tbe day he received 
his master’s degree from 
Columbia University in 1995. 

Ennis Cosby had overcome 
a severe learning disability 
and was working toward a 
doctorate in special educa- 
tion. hoping to start a school 
for children with similar 
learning problems. 

“The more I hear and read 
about Ennis Cosby,” Mr. 
Rather added, “foe more I 
understand what bas been 
lost, not only by the Cosby 
family but by all of us. This 
was a young man who bad 
already made a difference. 
and would have made more 
difference had he lived.” 

and ordered a cleanup of fund- 
i. But he has 
his custom of invit- 
ing big donors to White House 
meetings with him. Vice Res- 
ident A1 Gore and other senior 
government officials. 

Mr. Clinton has also com- 
plained that tbe Republicans 
were guilty of larger impro- 
prieties in tbe financing of 
tbeir campaigns. 

And the Senate minority 
leader, Thomas Daschle of 
South Dakota, asked Mr. 
Thompson last week to inves- 
tigate reports that Republican 
congressional leaders had 
threatened retaliation against 
lobbyists and interest groups 
that gave money to both 
Democrats and Republicans. 

Tbe timing of foe hearings 
is not known. Mr. Thompson 
still is hiring and getting se- 
curity clearances for his in- 
vestigative staff and finding 
space for them to work. 

The Governmental Affairs 
Committee is scheduled to 
hold an organizational meet- 
ing Wednesday, but Mr. 
Thompson is expected to tell 
its members foar it may be 
three or four months before 
the investigation is far 
enough along to justify the 
public hearings. 

In related developments 

• Democrats in the House 
will probably make sure foal 
an ethics complaint against 
Newt Gingrich that died with 
the last Congress is renewed. 
The complaint to the House 
ethics committee that foe 
House speaker received im- 
proper gifts, support and. con- 
tributions from Gopac, a 
political action committee he 
once headed, officially lapsed 
when tbe 104& Congress 
went out of business on Jan. 3. 
If the new ethics committee 
does not vote to continue the 
matter, lawmakers would re- 
file the complaint, aides to 
Democratic leaders said. 

• Republicans in Congress 
demanded foar a top banking 
regulator, Eugene Ludwig, 
turn over all documents re- 
lating to a White House meet- 
ing he attended last year with 
President Clinton, Democrat- 
ic fund-raisers and 27 bank 
executives. Republicans also 
stud they would put off con- 
firmation hearings for Mr. 
Clinton’s nominee for labor 
secretary, Alexis Herman, 
until she answered written 
questions about her role in 
White House fund-raising ef- 

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Delegating Control of Welfare 

WASHINGTON — Only months after Congress 
turned control of welfare over to the states, legislatures 
around the United States are considering whether to hand 
off responsibility for the poor once again, this lime to 
county and local governments. 

Several states, including California. New York. Col- 
orado, Ohio and North Carolina, are weighing proposals 
foaT could allow thousands of county commissioners, town 
supervisors or other local officials to make fundamental 
decisions about who should receive welfare, how soon 
they have to go to work and under what conditions. 

If adopted, these proposals would deliver to local 
governments an unprecedented level of authority to 
design social policy, and in ways hardly envisioned by 
many of the federal lawmakers who voted for revolu- 
tionary welfare changes last year. 

It could mean, for example, that a welfare mother with 
two young children could be forced to gel a job in one 
county, but allowed to stay home and collect benefits if she 
moved a few miles across the county line. Or one county 
could provide child care white the next county did not. ' 

But it also could bring much more flexibility: Inner 
cities with high unemployment could decide that it makes 
sense for them to spend more money on creating public 
service jobs, for example, while rural areas could spend 
foal money mi transportation for those who need to travel 
long distances to work. 

Stare legislatures are convening this month to take up 
the issue of welfare for the first time since the federal law 
was passed, and it is unclear what the fate of these and 
other proposals will be. ( U’P » 

Lott Assails Medicare Plan 

WASHINGTON — The Senate majority leader, Trent 
Lott, adding his voice to others who have expressed 
criticism of President Bill Clinton's Medicare plan, said 
that the proposal to cut $138 billion from Medicare did 
not do enough to address the health insurance program's 
real financial problems. 

Tbe Mississippi Republican on Monday attacked the 
Clinton plan cm several fronts and argued that the ad- 
ministration continued to “duck” the politically difficult 
fact that foe people getting the benefits “are going to have 
to bear more of the cost” eventually. 

Other Republican lawmakers, and even some Demo- 
crats, have questioned Mr. Clinton's plan to cut foe 
growth in Medicare after an initially favorable reaction 
when the plan was introduced last week. 

An agreement on cutting Medicare is crucial to bal- 
ancing foe budget because Medicare spends more than 
$200 billion a year and is growing rapidly. It is one of foe 
few federal programs from which large budget savings 
are potentially available. 

Reducing the growth is also crucial to the survival of foe 
program itself, foe mainstay of health care for 37 million 
elderly and disabled Americans, because foe program's 
hospital trust fund faces insolvency in 2001 . (WPi 

Quote /Unquote 

Nicholas Bums, the U.S. State Department spokesman, 
responding to a question about talks with North Korea: 
“You might want to consult foe North Korean Web site. 
They've got their own home page now. If they’re rally 
efficient like we are here at foe State Department, maybe 
their spokesman’s briefing transcripts are on foe Web 
right now.” (IHT) 

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■SUN&AX, FEBRUARY 1-2,1997 


PAGE 4 , 



Yeltsin’s Health Prompts 
Growing U.S. Concern 

Officials Fear March Summit Is at Risk 

By R. Jeffrey Smith 

Washington Pail Service 

WASHINGTON — Senior admin- 
istration officials admit that they are 
growing increasingly concerned about 
die health of President Boris Yeltsin of 
Russia, whose recovery from open- 
heart surgery in November is going 
more slowly than they had expected. 

President Bill Clinton tried to calm 
worries about die Russian leader's 
health at a press conference Tuesday. 
He said be had foil confidence in Mos- 
cow's statements about Mr. Yeltsin's 
health and added dial he had absolutely 
no indication from Moscow that his 
meeting with Mr. Yeltsin would not take 
place as scheduled in March. 

Monday, however, in a public ac- 
knowledgment of Washington’s new 
uncertainty about the pace at which die 
Russian leader will resume his full du- 
ties. the White House said it could not be 
sure that a summit meeting between Mr. 
Yeltsin and Mr. Clinton would take 
place as planned. 

. Although the White House press sec- 
retary. Michael McCurry . sought to play 
down the announcement, other officials 
noted that rumors in Moscow and Wash- 
ington are that Mr. Yeltsin may not be 
adhering to his prescribed medical re- 
gimen. They said they were newly wor- 
ried that Mr. Yeltsin might not be able to 
make timely decisions about some sen- 
sitive issues in C/.S.-Russia relations. 

The U.S. concerns were fanned by a 
Kremlin announcement that Mr. Yeltsin, 
who has been in relative seclusion for the 
last week at a dacha community outside 
Moscow, had canceled a planned meet- 
ing with European leaders in the Neth- 
erlands in early February. 

The Kremlin said that Mr. Yeltsin, 
who is recovering from a bout of double 
pneumonia, would keep an appointment 
in Moscow on Sunday with President 
Jacques Chirac of France. But the new 
cancellation came on the heels of an 

announcement last week dial Mr. 
Yeltsin was too ill to attend a planned 
meeting on Wednesday of leaders of the 
Commonwealth of Independent States. 
The meeting was postponed. 

[Russian television showed a brief dip 
on Tuesday of Mr. Yeltsin meeting an 
official — the first pictures of Mr. Yeusm 
to be released smee Jan. 6, Agence 
France-Presse reported from Moscow. 
The clip, without sound, showed Mr. 
Yeltsin, pale and fragile-looking, smiling 

By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Service - 

MOSCOW 1 — The former Chechen 
rebel military commander, Aslan 
Maskhadov, who negotiated peace with. 
Moscow after his fightere- manhandled 
the Russian Anny last year, was heatfing 
for an easy victory in die secessionist 
republic's presidential elections, Russ- 

Despite his wartime -' role, Mr. 
Maskhadov, . 45. an even-tempered. 

former SovietAimy colonel, is regarded 
by the Kremlin as a relative moderate, 

and sitting at a desk.] 

‘ ‘He clearly is not recovering as fast 
as one would hope," a senior U.S. of- 

ficial said. Although the administration 
has been able to maintain close contact 
with other senior Russian officials, 
“there are inevitably certain decisions 
which are presidential" and must await 
Mr. Yeltsin's return to his office and full 
involvement in policy deliberations, die 
official said. 

Foremost among these issues is Rus- 
sia’s posture toward the expansion of 
NATO and its future relations with 
Europe, a recent source of tension be- 
tween Moscow and Washington that 
may come to aboil when NATO leaders 
meet in Madrid this summer to an- 
nounce which of Moscow’s former al- 
lies will be eligible for early member- 
ship in the alliance. 

The administration is also eager for 
Mr. Yeltsin to put his political weight 
behind ratification of the 1993 START- 
2 treaty that deeply reduces die de- 
ployed nuclear arsenals of both nations, 
and to begin discussing additional nu- 
clear cuts. Similarly. Mr. Yeltsin’s per- 
sonal involvement is seen by Wash- 
ington as crucial to enacting additional 
economic reforms, including a new ax 
code and anti-corruption measures, that 
will help bring foreign investment to 
Russia's beleaguered economy. 

The U.S. frustrations have been 
building for months, but became worse 
in recent weeks because Mr. Yeltsin has 
been in and out of the hospital, and no 

and officials in Moscow were plainly 
relieved at his triumph over more rati’ 
i rally anti-Russian candidates. 

But Mr. Maskhadov,. as every oneof 
the 13 men who ran for the Chechen 

presidency, openly advocates i 
dence for the Muslim southern republic, 
where 20 months of war — and 200 
years of colonization, repression and 
deportation — have .inspired deep 
hatred for Russia. 

Mr. Maskhadov was repeated to lead 
his nearest rival by a 2-1 margin as count- 

f» Aiw XAi^nrlotrc imh» 

Mr. Yeltsin and Prime Minister Chernomyrdin at the Kremlin on Tuesday. 

Western officials have gained an audi- 
ence with him since Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl of Germany met him Jan. 4 at a 
country resort near Moscow. 

“Every rumor that has existed fra* the 
past few years, is around again," in- 
cluding a report that Mr. Yeltsin has 
resumed d rinking or has additional ail- 
ments not yet disclosed, theU.S. official 
said Another official said less specif- 
ically dial Washington had received un- 
confirmed reports that Mr. Yeltsin was 
not following his prescribed regimen. 

Dr. Michael DeBakey, the American 
heart surgeon who was consulted by Mr. 
Yeltsin's doctors and is in regular con- 
tact with them, said that, to his know- 
ledge. Mr. Yeltsin “was making good 
progress after die surgery , then he got the 
flu and it kind of knocked him ouL" 

“It takes time to get back. There’s 
nothing life-threatening about fr. I’m 
convinced that if there was anything life- 
threatening, they would have told me.” 

Kremlin officials and Mr. Yeltsin’s 

doctors have strongly denied that be has 
any undisclosed ailments, but also ac- 
knowledged last week that his visit to 
the Kremlin last Wednesday was made 
against the doctors’ wishes. The visit 
was part of a campaign by Mr. Yeltsin to 
defeat a Communist-led effort in the 
Russian Parliament to declare him unfit 
for office became of his health. 

The U.S. intelligence community has 
been unable to determine die precise 
status of Mr. Yeltsin’s health or find 
evidence “to prove any of the rumors," 
a U.S. official said. He also cautioned 
that some of the recent tales about Mr. 
Yeltsin’s health are evidently bring 
spread by his rivals. 

Mr. Yeltsin has not been an active 
president in any sense since late in June, 
just before he had a heart attack in the 
closing days of his re-election cam- 
paign. Although that heart attack was 
covered up for a time, it was dear that 
Mr. Yeltsin was not in day-to-day 
charge of die government. 

frig continued from Monday's vote. 

jffis a p p aren tly easy victory was 
greeted joyfully by Chechens as a gi a nt 
step toward independence from Russia. 
In his first news confe re n ce since the 
ejection, Mr. Maskhadov did not dis- 
appoint. “We formed our position in 
199V be declared. "Chechnya is an 
independent state. Sovereignty was der 
dared. Now ooe tiling remains: fear in- 
dependence be recognized byall die 
states of Europe, including Russia.” 

In fact, as far as many Chechens are 
concerned, their republic of 1 million 
people is already independent far all 
practical purposes — tree of Russian 

police, army, government and courts. 
The elections were organized without 
any Russian supervision, financing or 
appr o v al, and were judged free by ob- 
servers from the Organization for Se- 
curity sad Cooperation in Europe. 

Now, Chechens hope, Mr. 
Maskhadov will be able-to coax Russia 
and other countries into recognizing 

Sharansky Visits 
Sakharov’s Grave 



Bulgarian Unions to Strike 

Agence France-Presse 

MOSCOW — Natan Sharansky, the 
former Soviet dissident who has re- 
turned to Russia as Israel's trade and 
industry minister, visited the grave of 
Andrei Sakharov, his fellow dissident , 
on Tuesday. 

Mr. Sharansky, back in Russia nearly 
1 1 years after he was freed from the 
Soviet Union's prison system, praised 
the huge contribution to die human 
rights cause made by Mr. Sakharov, a 
Nobel peace laureate. 

"With his own example and own 
wards, be influenced thousands of 
people and I am one of them," Mr. 
Sharansky said. 

At die Sakharov grave south of Mos- 
cow. Mr. Sharansky said that the nu- 
clear physicist had been largely respon- 
sible for the democratization of 

Accompanied by his wife, A vital, 
Mr. Sharansky then visited Moscow's 
central synagogue, where he experi- 
enced an emotional reunion with a long- 
time acquaintance. Lev Mishkin, 74. 

Arrested in March 1977 and con- 
victed of “treason, hostile propaganda 
and espionage" in 1978, Mr. Sharansky 
spent nine years in Soviet prison 

SOFIA Bulgaria’s main trade iminrm called 
Tuesday for a general strike starting Wednesday to 
push for early elections and prevent a new gov- 
ernment from bring formed by Interior Minis ter 
Nikolai Dobrev. 

Their call came hours after President Petar Stoy- 
anov, a conservative, chose the interior minister in 
the caretaker administration to form a government 
His decision came after the governing Socialist 
Party, the former Communists, turned down his 
proposal to hold early elections in May, radio reports 

Mr. Dobrev agreed to present his new cabinet to 
Parliament next week. 

But Bulgaria's three main unions. KNSB, 
Podkrepa and Promiana, immediately called for a 
general strike to prevent him from doing so. (AFP) 

French Socialists 
In Belgium Fight 
Bribery Scandal 

AUSTRIAN SWORN IN — Foreign Minister Wolfgang Schoessel whispering to the new 
Austrian chancellor, Viktor Klima, after leaving the president’s office in Vienna on Tuesday. 

Ciller Escapes Graft Inquiry 

against Mrs. Ciller, the former prime minister who is 
now also the foreign minister. (Reuters) 

of wild birds for Germany and waste disposal for 
Italy. (AFP) 


BRUSSELS — The center-left gov- 
ernment fought far its life Tuesday as 
pressure mounted on die French wing of 
the Socialist Party to leave the coalition 
and the police raided foe party's head- 
quarters here. 

Social Affairs Minister Magda de 
Gal an said her party had “received the 
message loud and clear" from Prime 
Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene that foe So- 
cialists, should clean up their act and 
make dear who was to blame in a new 
bribery scandal. 

Thegovemment later played down foe 
impact of foe bribery investigation, call- 

ANKARA — The Turkish Parliament on Tuesday 
narrowly rejected a proposed new inquiry into 
Deputy Prime Minister Tansu Ciller that could have 
sent her to the Supreme Court on corruption 

The opposition proposal to investigate accusations 
that Mrs. Ciller used foe services of the state-owned 
Turban hotel and tourism company for personal 
purposes was defeated, 247 to 242. 

The vote could have caused a rift in foe coalition 
government led by religious Muslims if it bad gone 

Fines for Germany and Italy A Recount Saves the Tories 

inert “an internal problem of die PS.’ 
The bribery scandal erupted whe 

BRUSSELS — Germany and Italy face multi- 
million dollar fines for failing to follow environ- 
mental directives by the European Court of Justice, 
European Union officials said Tuesday. 

The fines would be the first application of a new 
system in foe European Commission intended to 
force EU states to comply with European legislation, 
foe officials said 

The directives cover water standards and protection 

LONDON — A recount Tuesday of votes on an 
education bill roared the Conservative government a 
humiliating defeat in die House of Commons. 

The vote was announced on the Commons floor 
Monday as 273 to 272 against foe government mea- 
sure, but foe official vote count the next day turned 
out to be 273 to 273 . Any blatant loss of control could 
force a confidence vote, which could force early 
elections.- (AFP) 

The bribery scandal erupted when 
two framer top Socialist Party officials. 
Merry Herman us and Francois Pirot, 
were arrested last week as part of an 
investigation into allegations that dm 

party received kickbacks from foe 
French aviation company Dassault 

French aviation company Dassault 
They were charged Monday with taking 
30 million Belgian francs (about Si 
million) from Dassault in 1989 as a 
contribution for the party. 


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The Associated Press 
BONN — Responding to 
U.S. criticism of Gennany’s 
treatment of Scientologists, 
the go v ernm ent on Tuesday 
once again asserted that foe 
U.S.-bared Church of Sciento- 
logy was a threat to this coun- 

The U.S. State Depart- 

ment’s annual report on hu- 
man rights around die world. 

International Foreign Exchange Corporation 


Discounted commissions - 24 hour trading desk 
Internet site: - Reuters page IFEX 

man rights around die world, 
due this week, will point to 
German treatment of Sciento- 
logists as an abuse. 

The German government 

says the Church of Sciento- 
logy, with 30,000 members in 
Germany, is largely a money- 
making organization with 
some traits of organized 
crime that seeks world dom- 
ination and ffmegtenq demo- 
cracy, all allegations that Sci- 
entology denies. . 

Last month, Germany an- 
nounced it would keep people 
linked to the poup out of cer- 
tain public jews, surii as cram- 

bers because of their connec- 
tion to Scientology. 

Peter Han smarm, spokes- 
man for Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl, responded to the U.S. 

State Department report by 
pointing out that Mr. Kohl 

enting Christian democratic 
Union has ousted party mem- 

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On March 13, the International Herald Tribune 
will publish a Special Report ons 

Tire Telecommunications 


Among the topics to becovered ares - - 
• The imderwired Eastern Europe market 

and governors of Germany’s 
16 states had agreed in 
December that Scientology 
was a threat. 

“The federal gove r nme nt 
and the state governments 
emphasized then the activities 
and practices of Scientology 
are questionable, and that its 
efforts to expand and its quest 
far domination win be com- 
bated with all legal means," 
Mr. Hfliigmarm 

Nicholas Bums, ihe U.S. 
State Department spokes- 

man, said in Washington on 
Monday that Germany had 
discriminated against Sci- 

But he said it was wrong to 
comp a re Gennany’s treat- 
ment of Scientologists to the 
Nazis’ persecution of Jews in 
foe late 1930s, as the Sciento- 
logists and some American 
celebrities who are not Sci- 
entologists have done. 

“It is an outrageous his- 
torical claim,*’ Mr. Bums 

“ ‘There is no pattern of dis- 
crimination against the Sci- 
entologists that compares 
even remotely to what 
happened to the lews and to 
others during foe Nazi era," 
be said. 

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Chechen autonomy as a matter of in- 
■ Tfr na tional law, Thai is not likely^ to 
happen any time soon. Moscow, fearing 
further dismemberment of foe feder- 
ation, is ardently opposed to indepen- 
dence for G^ecfrnm . . 

On Tuesday, Moscow’s semiofficial 
Interfax news agency reported that 
maps currently being printed for 1997 
would continue to snow Chechnya as 
part of foe Russian Federation. 

The maps will not use foe separatists' 
own name for the republic, Ichkeria. 



1 *u-ra tc* * 

v v’ ; i : : 

' J It* If) 

• ,:V ili 4 

Nor will they reflect foe rebels’ pro- 
clamation last week that henceforth 

■- -.v- . v; 

clamation last week that henceforth 
foeir capital city of Grozny will be re- 
named in honor of Genial Dzhokar 
Dudayev, die fiercely pro-indepen- 
dence president of the republic elected 
in 1991, who was killed Ity a rocket fired 
from a Russian helicopter last spring. 

' The Russians are noping that Mr, 
Maskhadov will pay lip service to in- 
dependence white privately coming to 
terms with Moscow. Certainly, 
Chechnya must reach an accommoda- 
tion with Russia if it is to begin to 
resurrecefts economy and ease foe deep- 
ening poverty. 

But independence fever is running so 
high in Chechnya that Mr. Maskhadov 
would be risking political suicide to 
strike any deal in the near term that 
compromised on sovereignty. 

He would also he risking confron- 
tation with his nearest rivalra Monday ’s 
elections, a rebel commander named 
Shamil Basayev, who appeared to be 
collecting at least a quarter of die vote. 

Sensitive to suggestions dial he is too 
moderate. Mr. Maskhadov asserted that 
Russian television had painted him dur- 
ing foe campaign as Moscow's man, 
implausible as dial might seem for a 
frames- military leader whose troops 
wiped out thousands of Russian soldiers 
in foe last two years. 

Still. Mr. Maskhadov made no effort 
to antagonize Moscow, and be pledged 
good treatment for die tens of thousands 
of ethnic Russians who remain in 
Chechnya,, many of whom have com- 
plained of harassment by the Chechens. 


J'jif t 

•/-it *f 

• . 

Germany Insists That Scientology Is a Threat * 



« Kl«. 




< '■ Seoul Union to Abandon Weekly Strike Day, for Now 



. — South Korea’s outlawed union 

said Tuesday it was abandoning its one-da y-a- 
week strikes, partly because of economic tur- 
moil caused by the collapse of the country’s 
second -largest steelmaker. 3 

But the Korean Confederation of Trade 
Unions still plans full stoppages starting on 
J^lStotiess the government scraps anew 

The confederation led almost four weeks of 

intermittent wilder strikes after the law was 
rammed through Parliament on Dec. 26 
h cadped its 500,000 members to walk out 
on Wednesdays only after President Kim 
Young Sam agreed to return the bill to Par- 
liament for debate, and lifted the threat of 
anest against its leaders sheltering in a Seoul 

However, Mr. Kim has rejected union de- 

mands to scrap die legislation, which makes it 
easier for companies to lay off workers and 
hire temporary staff. 

* “We have postponed Wednesday strikes to 
prepare for the fourth stage of strikes on Feb. 
18,” said a confederation official, Chung 
Sung Hee. 

“We also took into consideration econom- 
ic difficulties faced by the country as a result 
of the Hanbo inddenL” 

Banks and financial markets have been 
battered by die collapse of Hanbo Steel Co. 
under a mountain of debt estimated at $5.8 

But the confederation president, Kwon 
Young KB, warned the government against 
trying to manipulate the Hanbo crisis. He said 
that instead of strikes on Wednesdays the 
union would organize rallies. 

Meanwhile, Hyundai Motor Co-, South 

Korea's largest car maker, said it was delay- 
ing salary payments to 20,000 office staff 
because it was short of cash after the strikes, 
which hit the auto industry hardest. 

It was die first time the company has failed 
to pay workers on time since 1979, said a 
company official. Shin Dong Woo. 

- Hie company estimates production losses 
at its main factory in Ulsan at 670 billion won 
($784 million). 

“The strikes dragged on for longer than 
expected and during that time the company 
was not able to raise money from sales so it is 
short of working capital,” Mr. Shin said. 

Hyundai was having trouble securing bank 
loans because of tight liquidity in the banking 
system following the collapse of Hanbo Steel, 
lie added. 

Blue-collar workers would not be affected 
by the salary delay, Mr. Shin said. Office 

workers had been told they would be paid in 
fell before the start of the lunar New Year 
holiday on Feb. 7, he said. 

■ Taiwan Is Firm on Nuclear Waste 

Defying South Korean protests. Taiwan 
said Tuesday it would start shipping nuclear 
waste to North Korea for storage in a month. 
The Associated Press reported from Taipei. 

Taiwan has so far not disclosed a timetable, 
but state TV said arrangements were being 
speeded up, with a visit Tuesday by North 
Korean technicians to Taiwan's Lanyu Island 
where the barrels of waste are awaiting ship- 

Pyongyang has issued an import permit for 
the low-level nuclear waste, and shipment is 
expected to begin in about a month, said 
Taiwan's vice economics minister, Chang 

PAKISTAN: Corruption Charges Head Most Tickets 


■■ r 



i 5 



Continued from Page 1 

similar presidential order briefly re- 
stored to power in 1993 the man who 
was them prime minister. Nawaz 

Miss Bhutto's supporters are 
hopeful, partly because the interim 
government installed by Mr. 
Leghari has failed to produce ev- 
idence to support his general al- 
legations of corruption and abases 
of human rights. 

If the election is held, independent 
analysts predict that the pro-business 
Pakistan Muslim League led by Mr. 
Sharif, a former industrialist, will 
prevail but with less than a majority 
in the 217-member par liament 
Mr. Sharif, 47, was prime minister 
from 1990 to 1993. His political base 
is Punjab Province, home to almost 
60 percent of the nation's 130 mil- 
lion people. He was forced from of- 
fice partly on allegations of corrup- 
tion. including drug trafficking, that 
were never substantiated in court. 

Miss Bhutto, 44, who was elected 
prime minister in 1988 and 1993, is 
the daughter of the late Zulfikar Ali 
Bhutto, a former prime minister who 
was executed in 1979 on murder 
charges by a military government 
that ousted him from office in 

Her popularity has clearly slipped 
as a result of die country’s economic 
troubles and allegations that her 
husband, Asif An Zardari, took 
bribes and kickbacks while she was 
^ in office. He has been detained since 

l \ N'dli, Miss Bhutto’s dismissal and was 
charged in the killing of her brother, 
Murtaza Bhutto, in September 

Investigators have questioned 

Mr. Zardari about the couple’s al- 
ias! year or a $3.9 
mansion outside London, 
the government’s acquisition in 
1994 of three French submarines for 
$1 billion, suspected kickbacks on 
power plants financed by the World 
Bank, and other deals involving 
government real estate and Pakistan 
Steel, an enterprise owned by the 

Instead of defending the dis- 
missed government. Miss Bhutto’s 
populistPakistan People’s Party has 
primarily campaigned against the 
interim government, which has 
raised prices of gasoline and cook- 
ing oil to reduce the country’s 
budget deficit — a requirement for 
obtaining International Monetary 
Fund assistance. 

A prominent newcomer to pol- 
itics is Imran Khan, 44, former star 
of tire nation's cricket team. IBs 

reform-minded Movement for 
Justice, established last year, has 
called for clean gpvexrunent and 
stronger accountability of officials. 
Mr. Khan’s platform has public 
especially among the middle 
but he lacks political expe- 
rience, a strong organization and the 
political patronage that traditionally 
has won votes. Despite his status as 
a national celebrity, Mr. Khan re- 
mains an unknown figure to some 
rural residents who do not own trie- 
virion sets. He has said that he has 
never voted because he was always 
oat of the country on election day, 
playing in cricket matches. 

Around the country, some voting 
is likely to follow ethnic tines. Miss 
Bhutto is an ethnic Sindi, while Mr. 
Sharif is a Punjabi. Mr. Khan is a 
Pashtun. the predominant group in 
North-West Frontier Province, al- 
though he grew up in Punjab. 

Sarnd n*r trui hw 

Veiled Pakistani women listening to a Bhutto speech on Tuesday. 

Another ethnic group, muhajirs 
— the migrants who arrived when 
Pakistan was partitioned from India 
in 1947, and their descendants — 
has appeared eager for elections 

after boycotting the 1993 vote. The 
interim government has released 
from jail several leaders of the 
Muhajir National Movement so they 
can campaign. 

HANBO: Korean President Cancels European Trip as Loan Scandal Widens 


Continued from Plage 1 

the most exposure to Hanbo Steel- 
In total, 29 people have been 
banned from leaving the country 
over the affair. Others have included 
Chung Tae Soo, tile group's founder, 
and ms son Chung Bo Ketm, the 
current chairman. 

It is not die first time that Chung 
Tae Soo has been investigated. He 
paid 15 billion won into a slush fund 
raised by Rob Tae Woo, the former 
president who is now serving a 17- 
year jail term for corruption and 
abuses of human rights. 

But a Seoul court trying Mr. 

Chung and Mr. Roh, along with 
other businessmen, acquitted Mr. 
Chung on the grounds that the 
money was forcibly extracted. 

The governing New Korea Party 
said its parliamentary leader met his 
opposition counterparts to discuss 
reopening the National Assembly 
for talks on Hanbo. 

The scandal has embarrassed Mr. 
Kim's government, which is already 
on the defensive after a botched ef- 
fort last month to revise labor laws to 
make them more favorable to em- 

The crisis again hammered the 
stock market Tuesday, with banking 

and securities shares falling sharply. 
The overall Seoul composite stock 
index fell 1.85 points to end at 

ff rnrnerit t^ift mar ket wn ritrent 

An unrecognized union group 
said it was abandoning weekly 
strikes , partly because of the eco- 
nomic turmoil caused by Hanbo. 

The central bank announced 
plans to add 3 trillion more won to 
die commercial banking system to 
prevent a feared chain of bank- 
ruptcies in tire Hanbo Group. 

The move brings to 6 trillion won 
the amount of cash the bank has 
added tills month to keep interest 

rates steady amid a cash shortage 
and rising loan demand attributed to 
the Hanbo crisis. Finance and Econ- 
omy Minister Han Seung Soo told 
an emergency cabinet meeting that 
the government would inject the 
fends before the Lunar New Year 
holidays tint fall on Feb. 7 to 9. 

International investors are betting 
that the central bank's action will be 
successful The spread, or differ- 
ence in yield, between Korean cor- 
porate debt and benchmark borrow- 
ing rates has narrowed by no more 
than about 5 basis points since 
Hanbo's collapse, traders said. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg, AFP) 

China 9 s Taiwan Aide Replaced 

BELTING — China removed Wang Zhaoguo on Tues- 
day as its top official responsible for Sealing with Taiwan 
and appointed his deputy to replace him. 

The State Council, or cabinet, gave no reason for the 
change in an announcement issued by the official Xinhua 
press agency, 

Mr. Wang, 55, a protege of the paramount leader. Deng 
Xiaoping, was replaced as director of the Taiwan Affairs 
Office under the Stare Council by the deputy director. 
Chen Ytlnlin, Xinhua said. {Reuters) 

Burma Imprisons 14 in Unrest 

BANGKOK — Burma said Tuesday that 14 persons, 
including 5 members of the political party led by the 
opposition leader. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, had been 
jailed for seven years for involvement in last month’s 
student unrest. 

The military government said in a statement that the 
five members of the National League for Democracy and 
nine others had been found guilty of agitation and throw- 
ing rocks at security personnel during the unrest. 

A spokesman for the ruling State Law and Order 
Restoration Council said the defendants were sentenced 
Monday. “None of those sentenced were students,” the 
statement said. 

Thousands of Rangoon university students launched 
anti-government street protests in the capital in December 
to seek greater freedoms. {Reuters) 

Megawati Meeting Investigated 

JAKARTA — Megawati Sukarnoputri, the Indonesian 
opposition leader, will be interrogated for allegedly hold- 
ing an illegal political meeting, it was reported Tuesday. 

President Suharto personally approved a police request 
to question Mrs. Megawati and her husband, Taufik 
Kiemas, over the gathering at their home on Jan. 10. the 
Kompas daily newspaper said. It quoted the spokesman 
for tile attorney general’s office, Suhartoyo. 

Presidential authority is needed by the police to ques- 
tion members of Parliament Both Mrs. Megawati and 
Mr. Kiemas are members for the opposition Indonesian 
Democracy Party, one of the country's three officially 
recognized political parties. 

Mrs. Megawati, the daughter of Indonesia's founding 
president Sukarno, and her supporters were not included 
on lists of candidates in May 29 elections that were made 
public last week. (AFP) 

For the Record 

The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi, forgotten in a bank 
vault for nearly 50 years, were handed over to his great- 
grandson in Cuttack. India, on Tuesday for ritualistic 
Hindu funeral rites. (AFP) 

The election of a successor ro Mother Teresa as the 
head of the Missionaries of Charity religious order has 
been postponed from Sunday to an indefinite date, the 
Roman Catholic church said Tuesday. The announce- 
ment, giving no reason for the postponement, said that die 
ailing 86 -year-old nun had agreed to it (Reuters) 

Philippine government veterinarians began killing 
about 600 monkeys believed to be infected with the Ebola 
virus, injecting them Tuesday with lethal drugs before 
incinerating them, officials said. (Reuters) 


rl * ,li? 

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■; v 


The Special Bidding Committee, CEL, invites all national and for- The route this oil pipeline must follow, taking into account the in- - 
eign companies, in good standing under the laws of the countries in , vstructions pro vided,in Article 8 1 of the Hydrocarbon Law, sha^I 
which they were formed, with recognized ability jy^Jhe activity V ^*S» Sacha andconnect with Huaticocha,Sarayacu, B®aa J . 
which is the subject of this Tender, which may foment vestures . ■v. ai^'jften shall follow in parallel to the Transecuadorian Oil Pipe- - 
among themselves, such as consortia or association^ ev¥»i£ such . jine (SOTE), using the SOTE right of .way, up to the Balao'ftrnu- 

ventures are not yet legally registered in Ecuador. sabjei ro ^pef? ^XjiaL : 
approval by the Ministry of Energy and Mines, to paticipate in f- 
“Special Tender OJ-SOCO-CEL-97 for the Contracting of Tr 
portation Service for Crude Oil”. M 



In order to provide the crude oil transportation servia&the con 
tor shall build and operate at its own account and risk, in 
dance with the legal provisions and regulations in force, a 
pipeline system independent of SOTE. called the Centro One 
Pipeline System. SOCO. 

Hie investment, construction, operation, maintenance, admini 
lion, financing, as well as taxes and any other costs jnd expei 
necessary for the timely and efficient transportation service, S; 
be borne by the contractor. . | 

v ^ 

The SOCO shall have a transportation capacity, authorized by the i 
Ministry of Energy and Mines, of 216.000 barrels of toil per day 
from the Sacha Station up to the Sarayacu Station, and 246,000 
barrels of oil per day from the Sarayacu Station up the Balao Ter- 
minal, for crude oil of a gravity of 1 8 degrees API, 1 ,00& SSU, at 
1 25 degrees Farenheit. through a AP1-5L-X65 steel pipeline. Ad- 
ditionally, the SOCO shall have the capacity to transport crude oil 
equal to or above 16 degrees API gravity. The project includes fee 
construction of approximately 5 14 km of pipeline, made up of 280' . 
km of a 24" pipeline, 65 km of a 18" pipeline and 169 km of a 28’’ , 


Lcdo. Alfredo Adum Z. 

Minister of Energy and Mines 
Chairman of the Special Bidding Committee 

The contractor shall install a secondary line of approximately 50 

able as of 09:00 hs. of February 3, 1 997 by the Pbl KO ECUADOR'S 
Oil Pipeline Department located at 230 Japtin Street and Rfo 
Amazonas Ave., Carolina Park Building, fifth floor, in the city of 
Quito. Ecuador, Fax 1593-2) 441 -090. Telephone (593-2) 440-371. 
upon registration and payment of a non-reimbursable fee of USS 
1 50,000,oo fOne Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars of the United 
States of America) by certified check drawn on a bank established 
\ in Ecuador io the order of PETROECUADOR. delivered to its 

;'of API-5L-X60, 12" pipeline that will connect Auca Sur%itih..-i; f *V* ! Treasurer, first floor of the Alpallana Building, located at Alpaliana 

Sacha (SOCO) Station. -"£• Street and 6 th of December Avenue in the city of Quito, Ecuador. 


‘A secondary system of 30 km of API-5L-X65, 24" pipeline sha&Se accordance with An. 49 of the Regulation for the Application of 

Installed connecting the Limoncocha Station to the Sacha (SOCOV^ Sjj^fee Amendment Law to the Hydrocarbons Law No. 44 and Execu- 
JPiunping Station. ! Deere 61 3730. published in the Official Register No. 93 1 of 

April 23, 1 996. interested companies must, prior to the submittal of 

*** ’ ” _ _ the 


in detail in the Instructions for Qualification, issued through Mi- 
chati ql<n construct iuteiicnnnectiniTs to the intel mam* .>J -~ " nisterial Agreement No. 025 of October 24. 1996 published in the 
Id^xf^^bo Tfcrininal (SOTE) tanks; to fee tankeraf Toadic^ V*- £ Official Register No.63 of November 7. 1996 and its list of errata 
ar'ihe Balao Terminal (SOTE) vand fo the erode oit line published in the Official Register No. 75 of November 25. 1 996. 

to fee SOTE, supplying fee^smeraldas StatepWned Reffn-* -.V 

■ r"—-- - •- 

■ .... • 

*THe SOCCrsfaft^Kfe^JtU necessai 
systemja^ffleas , fbr'feeir correct and safe operarion^'tt’aj^.-teve 
- fltetering^as well as communication and SCADA sy sterna: ... 

*- r >' frv ‘ ’ ■ - * . - 

1 ‘ * " -» 

The Contracting Bases, -approved by Executive Decree No. 423 of 
December 30,1996 and published in Official Register No. 101 of 
January 3, 1997 and ferfecyinckfeig^ ^ilwEannents, shall be made avail- 

The bids shall be submitted in the Spanish language, in one origi- 
nal and one copy, in a single package containig sealed envelopes 
numbered 1 and 2 . duly paginated in consecutive pages and ini- 
tialed on each page by the Legal Representative of the Bidder, and 
shall be received in the office of the Secretary of the Special Bid- 
ding Committee. (CEL), ninth floor of the Alpallana Building. 
Alpallana Street and 6 ih of December Ave.. in the city of Quito. 
Ecuador, until 1 6:00 hs. of Monday. April 7. 1997. 

Quito. January 23, 1997 

Gen. Patricio Lopez M. 

Executive President of Petroecuador 
Secretary of the CEL 

rnrmniT — satubp^-siM febbeak* 

& res-r-j&i 

'T. ^ - 

. r* r ■ V^,.- 






blend tobacco, lowest prices, private 
fate fi^ avafebte. FAX USA: ( (954) 

dard, ocefcnt rates, volume pudases 
Only, Teletax USA +954-474-3666. 

CF bom U.S. betray to you lor debris 
lax (US) 516265.1724 

beauty aids. US origin. Mime 
purOHSffi Ortf. Fax 9&M74-3866 USA 

tor maikeong sdinotogy products. Asia 
focus FAX; USA 301-424-1363 

LEVI SIT’S. Used and Ne*. Quality 
leans (freer bum the USA. Honest and 

leans (freer bom the USA. Honest 
Refetfe. Fas S0M2M749 USA 

wwiBk Fw*wau.p«nra far 

itedental ooutoy rtfa ded^Kf far te 

taBve (4 not so active) Kid agar 
coiminity reqraas indiaEsfttg fins, we 
oiler modes equity share AND 100% 
guanntoed secuity farcqriti 4 frterea 

* man i — M iki|6 fawenlnl 

There are many gooC ressora to haw 
you am Sates branch, or to operate 
part d your aciivbiH through a Saba 
company. We he^ you to avfauata Ihe 
beat souofl far your personal needs. 
For itfamufion fax +41 1 364 82 12 

{8%) wm an AM raao raca 
bsttifaan fa return far 1 ysert use n 
S300jm (smder or lager rib 
con&areti) NO DrokBra, ktanecSeries, 
or agents need oail)f - PfflHCtPALS 
MLY.ftxMlOT 306164. 
Mate ntarereas gaenkeqiiei 

for immense acquisition. DebtJrea, no 
meidORfisa. fa* profile. Suitable far 
consultancy t ottier activffiea. Easllem 
facencn on norfrsosh rate. Tet Hi 
91-826 48 38 Fax +41 91-626 47 12 

Btande. Main mil of Einpe. Praagfaw 
address. Firdshed offices. Exhtabon 

rtunc lif iiiitMtamn VnfcmtetlflH aafte^ 

BANK rib no fiafafee. Pfttto 1 £12) 
231-1759. fax 1 (812) 231-1B11 

TgOflTS. WHlyflo^Ba. f rofv - 
as Senate upon. Skied safes and 
martaring stat Tet & Fax Swvcac. On 
fine comraitafalon nebrort. Ontar man- 
agonenL Logistic nunagemere. Legal 
arttt. Peacock Tbob Cera Tab *31 

tawira> CVBrtt Eav MM| JM91C 

IRBEUROPE ICED Reiatta Regneerta- 
tion? Experienced, dicreet, and utterty 
rekabfe execute femtes ^preaches. To- 
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USB) LEW 501 JEANS • AB colors & 
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Far +48-30-399 (SB 49 

WE EXPORT - Peril dab. CWw legs, 
bkk and Win powder. Butter. Beans. 
Fax Crab (302) 665407a 


h ihe heart ot Km steps bom Opera 
A its Gw de Lyon tain safari. Rooms 
wrih si contorts, drtd phone, TIL 
Modetog kmowr & prof*. Guaransad 
extertni. Ouicfc wun on meatmen 
Avafcbb nil repa far haafii reasons. 
Tet +33 ffl) I 47 00 40 88. 

new oppommtty War 25 yeas tea I wort. 
Lores flawy. Resume on requesL FAX: 
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ot first matey tor tomedate tfafnray 
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Our fam are finandat 
and US Seeunbes constAarts 
to ofehora iron US) tons. 

WC are fading lor esflrng growti 
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We Bpecafix lie 

For Sale! sir monte cteam 
Cal (USA) 310476300 
Fax (USA) 310-798-3842 
Aba Oftturs Baris Awatabte 
WorbhrUe Babas Cnuutants, he 

requlnnents to BUgaria 

NL From SUS35K-25 acres. PH; (643) 
2181081 NZ. or 


torma tion cal now Germany Tet +49 
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-bssmg tnergn firms atn that 
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215 sqjnJZ terete. Prime location. Low 
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RET1RJNG; SeSng CoreaercW Proper- 
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up teredore fa any aunty. 


TRADE oocmens AND UC 

Contact Stele Ho far famedato 
Bences S company brochure 
NACS LTD, Room 1108. Won Pba 
26 Grant* Road. 1ST. Nwkm 
Hong Kong, mo* nacsOtriLsurerrai 
T* 85227241223 Fax 27224373 

Rare. Mmutes Iran USA Bolder. Wort) 
Class ferity and equfemert. Eastern 
management 8 trained vrorttorce d 300 l 
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Group. Fax (ISA) 619454-3877, E-Mai 


Tbe New Way ot Sending Fax to Fax. 
WP provide tumiey system. hantmreS 
s ub w are tree. Under a tamed partner- 
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Fax ParfK 33 1 40 26 45 71 

AUSTRIAN FfflM reft represented and 
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oBic&etsre. Wb oAsr all fadMes. secre- 
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rooms. Pfeese contact Vienna: 
0043-1-504 79 63. 

Business Services 


Wlh Ctass A tcanse and conespondsnt 
bank refatfanshfa. fadudas taking 
company irift Zurich As. ate a ILS. 
sifasidiaiy wWi New York Csy offica and 
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us Sfiojna finance mbichants 
GROUP. Nassau tth 242-39470BD. 
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2nd PASSPORT $10 K 
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US COMPANY, pertabtog to « Group 
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Tables Turned in Hebron 

Palestinians Man the Checkpoints 
And Vow to Keep ‘Law and Order* 

By Joel Greenberg 

Wch- York Times Ser vice 

HEBRON, West Bank — The scene 
at the entrance to town on Monday was 
once unthinkable. 

Under a giant poster of a beaming 
Yasser Arafat, a Jewish settler from 
neighboring Kiryat Arba stepped 
gingerly from his car and showed his 
identification card to a Palestinian po- 
lice officer at a checkpoint. 

Peering into the vehicle, the police 
officer demanded to know whether the 
settler, David Hadad, had a gnn Speak- 
ing fluent Arabic, Mr. Hadad, a cab- 
inetmaker who buys supplies from Arabs 
in Hebron, replied that be was unarmed. 

Wealing the skullcap of an observant 
Jew, Mr. Hadad seemed tense and short 
of breath as Palestinians in olive uni- 
forms and red berets questioned him 

“I pass by here all me time/’ he said 
as he slid back behind the wheeL “This 
is my road, my home, my country. It's 
the Land of Israel, the city of our fore- 
father Abraham." 

"I don’t care about them," he added 
as he turned away from the officers, and 
after a sharp exchange with one of them, 
drove off. 

For almost 30 years, Israeli soldiers 
questioned, delayed, and sometimes 
roughed up Arab motorists coming into 
Hebron on the highway from Jerusalem. 
Now, after an Israeli pullback on Jan. 
17, Palestinians are checking Israelis. 

Palestinian checkpoints on roads 
used by Israelis are potential flash 
points of violence, but on -Monday they 
were a working experiment in the new 
division of power in this city. 

In the four-fifths of Hebron that have 
come under Palestinian rule imdelr the 
Israeli-P alestinian agreement reached 
this m onth, the streets seemed relaxed 
Monday. Shoppers out in force mingled 
with police officers on the streets, no 
longer casting anxious glances at tense 
Israeli sentries in fortified positions. 

The Israeli posts have vanished, with 
some replaced by police positions flying 
the Palestinian colors and manned by 
officers carrying side arms instead of 
rifles, under the terms of the agreement. 

At die site of one post that had drawn 
frequent stone-throwing from local 
youths, a group of Palestinian officers 
sat warming themselves over a fire this 
past week. Behind them, shops shot for 
years by the Israelis and painted over 
with the colors of an Israeli paratroop 
unit were thrown open, revealing rust- 
ing machinery and spoiled goods. 

Gty leaders want to revive commerce 
in Hebron by restoring a major thor- 
oughfare running past Jewish settler en- 
claves that was dosed by the Israeli Army 
for security reasons. Under the agree- 

tn Palestinian tra^^^faur months. 

to Palestinian traffic in four months. 

At the hilltop fort that until recently 
was the Israeli military headquarters, 
commanders of the Palestinian security 
forces declare that their part of the city is 
open to Israeli visitors, including settlers, 
as long as they respect the rules and 
regulations of the Palestinian Authority. 

“We’re in favor of normalization," 
said Brigadier General Abdel Fa ttah 
laifti, the commander of Palestinian po- 
lice forces m Hebron, as workmen read- 
ied his new office, once used by the 
Israeli military governor. 

“4 • * . * * N 

- • 

v .-n. *•; 

• ■* ; 

: ' v > 

Rina Qwctnoovp/Thr Nr» VcxV Tmi 

David Hadad, an Israeli settler from Kiryat Arba, handing over his identification card to a Palestinian police 
officer at a checkpoint on the outskirts of Hebron. He was questioned and then allowed to pass on. 

But outside, a team of young men 
carrying AK-47 rifles and wearing 
blade overalls labeled ‘ ‘Rapid Interven- 
tion Unit-Preventive Security" was a 
reminder of the potential for violence. 

The leader or the unit. Colonel Jibril 
Rajoub, is Mr. Arafat's strongman in 
Hebron. Colonel Rajoub 's men re- 
portedly blocked anti-Israeli protests 
during the army pullback, and have also 
met with Islamic militants to prevent 
violence against the settlers. 

“We’ve met with the political fee- Hebron, many of them local recruits 
dons, and they are free to oppose the who fought street battles against Israelis 
agreement," Colonel Rajoub said, “but during a seven-year Palestinian upris- 

agreemesnt,” Colonel Rajoub said, ‘but 
they have no right to take any action that 
will harm the Palestinian Authority and 
its commitments. The authority will im- 
pose law and order." 

There are also daily contacts with die 
Israeli Army forces that remain in con- 
trol of 20 percent of Hebron, including 
the settlers' enclaves. 

The young Pales tinian policemen in 

Chief of Jewish Agency Castigates Swiss on Holocaust Probe 

.... . . .. - , c I I .1 IT. 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Switzerland is 
' dragging its feet in finding the missing 
bank assets of Holocaust victims be- 
cause it fears the probe will uncover die 
extent of die country's role as the ' ‘bank 
of die Nazis," the head of the Jewish 
“ Agency said Tuesday. 

The Jewish Agency chief, Avraham 
Burg, said Swiss banks and the Swiss 
government had been fighting efforts to 
find the assets every step of the way. 

Jewish groups accuse Switzerland of 
hoarding as much as $7 billion in un- 
claimed funds of Jews killed in the 
r Holocaust Switzerland says the real 
l figure is a tiny fraction of feat 

Mr. Borg said that he was sorry die 
agency’s relations with Switzerland 
were strained. 

' ‘ ‘I’m talking not only about the Swiss 
banks, but also the Swiss government" 
he said. “Everything takes such an ef- 
fort. Pressure has to be applied for 
everything.’ ’ 

He spoke as an investigation was 
being launched in Sweden into reports 
that gold taken from Jews’ by the Nazis 
was paid to Sweden in return for steel 
for the German arms industry. Mr. Burg 
said that Sweden was acting “in a very, 
very responsible manner, in contrast to 
tine Swiss modeL” 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 

of Israel said the issue of the missing 
assets would be high on Ins agenda 
when he meets with Swiss leaders dur- 
ing the international economic confer- 
ence in the Swiss resort of Davos. 

Mr. Netanyahu was more conciliat- 
ory than Mr. Burg. “1 believe there is 
goodwill on the part of all governments 
to try and resolve this," he said. 

The Swiss have offered to set up a 
compensation fund for Nazi victims. 

■ Weizman Cancels Swiss Visit 

President Ezer Weizman of Israel has 
canceled a planned visit to Switzerland, 
but not because of the Jewish dispute 
with the Swiss over the fate of bank 

accounts left ownerless by the Holo- 
caust, officials said Tuesday, according 
to a Reuters dispatch from Zurich. 

The Israeli Embassy in Bern said Mr. 
Weizman had dropped plans to attend 
on Aug. 31 the 100th anniversary of die 
first Zionist congress, which met in die 
Swiss city of Basel and launched a 
movement that led to die founding of 
Israel in 1948. 

“The reason is because of unforeseen 
problems that have arisen in his 
agenda," an embassy spokesman said. 

“There is absolutely no connection 
between the cancellation of the visit and 
the issue of Holocaust victims’ 
money," the spokesman added. 

ing, seem anxious to prove that they can 
meet their new responsibilities. 

Housed in what used to be jail cells in 
the hilltop fort, they point proudly to 
relics of a bygone era: pictures of Mr. 
Arafat posted by former inmates and 
blotted out by Israeli jailers. 

■ Hamas Chief Ends Legal Fight 

The State Department said Tuesday 
that a Hamas leader jailed in the United 
States, Mousa Mohammed Abu Marzuk. 
had dropped his opposition to being ex- 
tradited to Israel where he faces ter- 
rorism charges. The Associated Press re- 
ported from Washington. 

“We understand that Mr. Abu Mar- 
zuk intends to withdraw his legal chal- 
lenge to the order finding him extra- 
ditable," said the State Department 
spokesman, Nicholas Bums. “Any 
such decision is within his rights," he 

A friend of the Hamas leader, who 
spoke on condition of anonymity, said he 
had lost confidence that he would be 
given a fair trial in the United States. But 
the U.S. attorney’s office in New York 
said no court papers had been filed yet 
withdrawing his appeal to avoid extra- 
dition. Lawyers for Mr. Abu Marzuk 
declined to comment 


Rebels in East Zaire 
Claim Advances 

GOMA. Zaire — Zairian rebels 
claimed Tuesday to have advanced 
in South Kivu Province amid per- 
sistent rumors that the government 1 
was about to unleash an air raid on 
the rebel stronghold of Goma. 

A rebel spokesman said the 
mainly Tutsi rebels, who already 
controlled a large section of eastern 
Zaire, had captured the town of 
Lulimba near Lake Tanganyika. 

Emmanuel Kamanzi. logistical 
coordinator for the rebels, said they 
had taken that town and were head- 
ing toward Kalemie, which has 
been the last port on the lake under 
government control since Uvirafell 
m October. It is linked by rail to 
southern Shaba Province. (AFP) 

CIA Formally Bars 
Teaching of Torture 

WASHINGTON — After dis- 
closing that it taught some of its 
agents how to use torture as re- 
cently as the early 1980s. the CIA 
said Tuesday that it now banned the 
practice and was committed to pro- 
tecting human rights. 

On Monday, the Central Intel- 
ligence Agency made available a 
1983 manual that hod been used to 
train security forces in at least five 
Latin American countries. 

The manual discussed the use of 
“coercive” interrogation tech- 
niques such as physical strain, 
threats and disruptions of sleep to 
destroy “the capacity to resist." 

But by 1985, it said, the CIA had 
adopted a policy opposing the use 
of- “inhumane treatment of any 
kind as an aid to interroga- 
tion.” (Renters) 

Liberian Refugees 
May Return in June 

ABEOKUTA, Nigeria — Thou- 
sands of Liberian refugees living in 
Nigeria could start returning home 
in June if the peace process in 
Liberia continued, a Nigerian min- 
ister said Tuesday. 

Lazarus Unaogu, a special-du- 
ties minister who supervises the 
National Commission for Ref- 
ugees, said Nigeria, which provides 
a large part of the African peace- 
keeping force in Liberia, was sat- 
isfied with the level of compliance 
with the revised peace accord that 
was signed in August. (AFP) 

e up to 


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Back to Consensus on American Foreign Policy 

Business Above All 

The Clinton administration's tend- 
ency to let commercial opportunities 
override sensible national security 
policies is troubling. Recent days 
brought word that last summer busi- 
ness considerations led die White 
House to waive a law prohibiting 
American companies from doing busi- 
ness with countries that sponsor ter- 
rorism. Specifically, officials gave ap- 
proval to the Occidental Petroleum 
Corp. to take part in a $930 milli on oil 
project in Sudan. 

The administration has also dropped 
a long-standing ban on sales of the 
Advanced Medium-Range Air-to Air 
Missile (Amraam) to countries outside 
NATO. The decision cripples efforts to 
negotiate limits on arms sales and in- 
creases the risk that this highly effective 
weapon may one day be used against 
America or its allies. The ban was 
dropped to allow American aerospace 
companies to gain a competitive edge 
over Russian and French rivals. 

The most effective way to fight ter- 
rorism or restrain arms sales is through 
international action. But with the 
world's biggest economy and its most 
technologically advanced arms in- 
dustry, America can exert considerable 
influence on its own, provided it main- 
tains strict and consistent standards. 
When Washington starts selectively 
enforcing its own rules, its policies 
become meaningless. 

Sudan’s radical Islamic government 
supports international terrorists. The 
administration blames it for a 1995 
assassination attempt against Egypt's 
president, Hosni Mubarak, and last 
year expelled a Sudanese diplomat for 

Swiss Catch-Up 

It marks progress that die govern- 
ment and the banks in Switzerland are 
now speaking of setting 19 a fund of 
more than $70 million to compensate 
Nazi Holocaust victims or heirs whose 
deposits in Swiss banks have disap- 
peared. Up to this point die Swiss had 
refused to acknowledge responsibility 
for those deposits ana had sought to 
shift the onus onto the claimants for 
raising the issue in die first place. Now 
they are moving to confront not only a 
banking obligation to depositors but 
also a moral obligation to themselves - 
to open up a painful chapter of their 
wartime conduct As is suggested by 
reports on formerly Jewish-owned 
works of art now in French museums, 
Switzerland is not the' only country 
under this scat of scrutiny. 

The surge of declassified documents 
after the end of die Cold War shows that 
in World War II some Swiss banks 
swallowed depositors’ funds, at a mo- 
ment when tens of thousands of Ger- 
mans seeking refuge were being tinned 
a way at die Swiss border. It also appears 
that die Swiss laundered substantial as- 
sets looted by die Naas; in short, they 
helped finance the German war effort 
— and this while their government was 
avowing a wartime “neutrality’’ whose 
full price has yet to be revealed. 

The process of discovery has pro- 
duced sobering evidence not just of 
banking patterns but of residual re- 
sentments of Jews in Swiss society. 
High officials — Bern’s ambassador in 
Washington, who resigned on Mon- 
day, turned out to be in this category — 
have sought to divert the focus of in- 

quiry from Swiss banking practices to 
Jewish questions about them. 

This is a particularly ugly version of 
“blame the victim. ” It is unworthy of a 
nation whose international standing 

and hanking emine nce rest (Ml a claim 

to national integrity. 

Fortunately, there are those in 
Switzerland who value probity in 
banking and in facing the historical 
record, ft would have been better had 
the Swiss not waited for a crisis touch- 
ing their deepest national interests 
and values to confront this dark aspect 
of their past Then they would not be 
under such strong pressure to setup a 
mech anism of compensation- for 
wronged depositors even before their 
own and foreign, including American, 
inquiries near completion. By stone- 
wplfifig, the Swiss lost the opportunity 
to proceed at their own unhurried pace. 
No matter — the important thing is that' 
justice be done and truth told. 


Mammogram Puzzle 

The current dispute over how fre- 
quently women between 40 and 50 
should have mammograms foreshad- 
ows the kind of medical decisions that 
will have to be made more frequently in 
America as technology improves and 
the government's role in health care 
expands. There is as yet no clear sci- 
entific answer to guide all women and 
their doctors, only probabilities to be 
calculated and weighed. Unfortunately 
for the women at risk, die nation’s best 
medical experts have yet to reach con- 
sensus about what advice to give. 

special risk for breast cancer, will have 
hole difficulty deciding to have the 
exam regularly. But the panel believes 
that women must consider the downside 
of the procedure as well. A significant 

number of women in this age group — 
about a third over a 10 -year period — 
will be incorrectly told that they have a 
tumor, and that tumor will be treated as 
if it were malignant. In addition, another 
three in 10,000 might develop cancer 
from the X-rays used in mammography. 
Given these risks, the choice for most 
women will not be automatic. 

The notional debate is further com- 
plicated by two factors. First, how much 
of die country's health dollar, spent 
through private insurance and govem- 

There is no question but that annual 
mammograms for women over 50 save 
lives. Debate is minimal about recom- 
mending the procedure for women un- 
der 40 because the incidence of breast 
cancer is extremely low in that group. 
But 10 years ago the American Cancer 
Society and me National Cancer In- 
stitute recommended annual or biannual 
mammograms for women between 40 
and 50. In 1993. the government’s sci- 
entists at the cancer institute recon- 
sidered this recommendation and an- 
nounced that such routine screening was 
probably not necessary for this group. 
On Thursday, a panel of medical experts 
— the majority are women — convened 
by the institute unanimously agreed not 
to change this recommendation. Both 
the Cancer Society and the institute’s 
director, Richard Klausner, disagree. 

Some women in their 40s, those at 

mem programs, should be set aside for 
procedures that are expensive and help 
only small numbers of people? And 
second, what can be done to reassure 
women that their health needs are no 
longer of secondary concemto the med- 
ical and political establishment? 

Neither factor should be conclusive. 
If the benefits of early mammograms 
outweigh the risks, concerns about cost 
should be overridden. And if die reverse 
is true, there should be no inference in 
the political sector that the calamity of 
breast cancer is being minimized. 
Neither concern should drive the debate. 
The search for better medical infor- 
mation must be accelerated. 


Ifcral 11 11 r 




RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher & Chief Executive 
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W ASHINGTON — Dean Acheson 
wrote of being present, a half- 

Helping Sudan's oil industry does not 
serve American interests. 

A few months ago, die administration 
judged Sudan’s government so threat- 
ening that it derided to provide military 
equipment to rebel groups based in three 
neighboring countries. When news of 
the American military deliveries be- 
came public, Sudan decided to exclude 
Occidental from the oil project 

Policy toward the Sudanese regime 
now seems hopelessly confused. Sec- 
retary of State Madeleine Albright did 
little to clarify it at her imroductoiy 
news conference last Friday. Even as 
she called for new UN sanctions against 
Sudan, she endorsed the decision to let 
Occidental bid for toe oil contract. 

The Amraam sales remain on track. 
In 1995 the administration gave Lock- 
heed permission to include toe missiles 
along with 80 F-16 fighter places that 
toe company was trying to sell to toe 
United Arab Emirates. That gave 
Lockheed an edge over its French com- 
petitors, but it also set a damaging 
precedent Soon Thailand also deman- 
ded Amraams as a sweetener for buy- 
ing American jets. Thailand’s bid has 
already been conditionally approved, 
making similar demands from other 
Southeast Asian countries certain. 

American efforts to combat terror- 
ism and limit the sale of advanced 
weapons cannot be suspended every 
time an attractive business deal ap- 
pears. Before long, the waivers and 
exceptions will become the policy, and 
Washington will be left with a set of 
hollow principles. 


century ago, at the creation of a new era. 
We. 100 . have that privilege, and toe 

re ^'hea. onr leaders Iredfteloiesi^it to 
maintain a strong America while bol- 
stering democratic forces around toe 
world and building institutions such as 
NATO, the United Nations and toe 
World Bank to foster international co- 
operation and economic growth. They 
did so on a bipartisan basis. 

Today, a new framework for U.S. 
leadership, adapted to the needs of a new 
century, is bring buflL Its success will 
depend, in significant measure, an 
Whether toe spirit nf Hpar risanship that 
arose after World War iu can be revived. 
Cynics tni gfrt suggest that an admin- 
istration call for bipartisanship is promp- 
ted less by principle than by an anility to 
count- Ana we will certainly need votes 
from both parties in Congress to sustain 
many of our foreign policy initiatives. 
But biparti sanshi p also suits our times. 

For decades, the Cold War categor- 
ized not only foreign nations but all 
those involved in foreign policy. Today 
the labels of toe past — hawk, dove, 
liberal, conservative — mean little. The 
greatest divide is between toe pro- 
ponents and opponents of American 
engagement, a. divide that does not re- 
spect party tines. 

Fortunately, both parties are led by 

By Madeleine K. Albright 

Thewriieris the new US. secretary of state. 

ft will be our task to establish the link 
between our broad goals and the issues 
before us: the expansion of NATO, the 
contejumnent. of rogue regimes, man- 
agement ofimpoxtantbilateiai relation- 
ships (including those with China, Rus- 
sia and Ukraine) and our strategies in 
often overlooked regions of tsttin 
America, Africa and South Asia. 

The complexity of this task has been 
underlined, even -this past week, by 
questions about Beijing's intentions in 
Hong Kong, a flare-up of tensions over 
Cyprus ana anew round of violence in 
Zaire and Rwanda .’ . 

The hope that bipartisanship can 
make the transition from rhetoric to 
reality will be tested early. On Feb’ 6 , 
the presides wiQ submit a budget that 
trims the deficit while meeting inter- 
national priorities and proposing re- 
payment of our debts to me United. 
Nations and multilateral banks. Enact- 
ment of this budget is essential if we are 
to have the tools to shape events rather 
than merely react to them. . 

To mamratn American strength, we 
need not only aworld-class military but 

also world-class diplomacy- Yet in re- 
cent years spending on international 
affair s — typically 1 .percent of the 
federal budget— has been cut sharply, 
and our diplomatic presence overseas 
has contracted. 

As I present oar budget requests to 
Congress, I recognize my duty to ex- 
plain our plans and priorities with a 
logic that Americans can embrace. And 
I will do all I can to see that taxpayers 
gql- fhl) vajiie from their investmglL . 

In another test of bipartis anship , die 
administration will seek the Senate’s . 
earty approval for American participa- 
tion in the Chemical Weapons Con- 
vention negotiated under Presidents 
Ronald Reagan and George Bush. If we 
do not act before April 29, we will not 
be an original party to this treaty. This 
would harm our interests fry precluding 
us from helping to write the rules under, 
which the pact will be verified. 

The treaty embodies a commitment 
to our safety arid the protection ‘of our 
armed forces. It is supported by many 
in both parties, by the business, com- 
munity and by our military. Butit also. 

has its opponents. ^American 
people deretv® a healthy 
which American interests are weighed 
and a timel y vote is taken. 

I have worked in or ^ d i e ?5 ons S 
much of my adult life- 1 
bipartisanship is a two-way street I 
alsoknow that legislator almost al- 

£ 1 d»r thnv have bfiCH 1HSUI-. 

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wavs feel that tow. have been msuf-. 
ficiently consulted on 
matters, while secretaries of state 
sometimes feel tbaicoi^tihg™* 
Congress is all they do. Bndgmg tots 
gaptn perception will require hard 

Congress to be constructive in what it 
asksof US, but I will keep anopen door 
and an open mind to ensure the niDest 

possible consultations. . 

In our .democracy, bipar tisanship is 

never absolute. But history has §ven us 
the opportunity, at century's end, to re- 
create the spirit of cooperatumthat emb- 
er served our nation and wodd welL 
By following the approach of toe 
crianfg who preceded us — Thanan. 
Eisenhower and Marshall —— we can 
give their generation the homage it 
m p ri ts, and the next generation fee se- 
curity it deserves. 

The New York Times. 

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The Secretary DoesrTt Sound Tough on China 

of American leadership. This matters, 
because a bipartisan foreign policy al- 
lows us to act wife greater credibility cm 
the world stage. It inspires trust from 
our allies and respect from those temp- 
ted to oppose us. 

N EW YORK — On Jam 
22 and 23, the wodd 

ft helps us play a diplomatic part, as 
peacemaker and problem solver, that 

other nations cannot, thereby enhan- 
cing our prestige while advancing our 
interests. And at reinforces America’s 

role as a model f or s t re ngt h ening demo- 
cratic forces. 

Disagreements about tactics aside, 
the prospects for bipartisanship are 
brightened by the exiking broad sup-, 
port for our primary objectives. There 
is a consensus on the need to advance 
prosperity at home by promoting an 
open and expanding global economy, 
and for wrakmg with our allies to create 
an increasingly united, democratic and 
stable Europe. 

Both parties see the importance of 
building an Asia-Pacific c ommuni ty 
wife shared economic and security 
goals, and of helping to resolve dan- 
gerous disputes in toe Mideast and oth- 
er strategic regions. 

We all want to halt the spread of 
weapons of mass destruction and to 
combat t er r o rists, drug traffickers and 
international crime. And there is a com- 
mitment to strengthen the faces around 
the globe working for human rights, 
democracy, development, a healthy en- 
vironment and the rule ofTaw. — - - 

Of course, the issues related to these 
priorities will not evade scrutiny and 
debate. Nor should they. While Con- 
gress has a responsibility to be reason-, 
able in its expectations, toe adminis- 
tration will bear the burden of proof. 

ll 22 and 23, toe wodd 
press reported that Beijing 
was moving swiftly now in 
Hon g Kong, getting ready to 
cancel basic freedoms when 
Communist China takes 
over from Britain on July L 

On Jan. 24, a Clinton for- 
eign affairs official said U-S. 
relations with China were 
“multifaceted” and conld 
not be held hostage to any 
one issue. 

On Jan. 26, The New 
York Times reported in a 
front-page story by Patrick 
Tyler, its bureau chief in 
Beijing, that toe half-cen- 
tury-old Politburo crack- 
down on religion, which bad 
driven millions of Roman 
Catholic Chinese to worship 
underground, Harf been 
stepped 19 as . part of a new 
wave of repression begun by 
President Jiang Zemin. 

The same day, the riinran 
official said relations with 
China were “multifaceted” 
and could not be held “hos- 
tage” to any one issue. 

ft was toe routine point 
and counterpoint on Cnina. 
The press reports more re- 
pression in China, and the 
Clintonian response is 
painstakingly plain: The 
business of the United States 

By A. M. Rosenthal 

labor — none of that must 
interfere with business. 

Bat in the past week toe 
official got special attention. 
This was the new secretary 
of state talking, Madeleine 

business of the United States 
is business. 

Human rights issues — 
torture, forced abortion, re- 
ligious persecution, slave 

Nobody expected her to 
say anything startlingly dif- 
ferent from what President 
Bill Clinton had been saymg 
the past three years since he 
broke his human rights 
promises to the Chinese and. 
Tibetan people. But because 
of her reputation for tough- 
ness, there was some 

thought tfiwt ghp. might move 

a smidgeon from toe Clinton 
party Kne nn China. 

She did not. . . 

She did not cross the line 
from tougbly carrying out 
the boss’s orders to being 
tough where it was danger- 
ous — courageous tough, 
tough Enough to signal that 
on human ri ghts for Chinese 
she had some thoughts, 
some misgivings. 

Maybe toe will cross over 
another day; too early to give 
up hope, fan burning wife a 
briUimt light it is not 

While we wait let's- nt 
least unspin the hostage sto- 
ry. America is already hos- 
tage— not to an American 
human rights policy, for 
there is none, but to China’s. 
We cannot rescue ourselves 

. unless we admowfedge tbaL 

Beijing blackmails Amer- 
ican companies in die China' 
trade into silence about polit- 
ical and religious rep ression 
that is played put under their 
own noses: 

Chinn sells missile, and 
nuclear technology to dic- 
tatorships that bate America. 
China know? feat its threats 
of economic reprisal count 
in Washington, enough to 
malty! tfagTluitod States slith- 
er away from legal sanctions 
— or discussion wife the 
American public. . 

On Jan. 23, answering a 
written question from Sen- 
ator Bob Bennett, Republi- 
can of Utah, Secretary Al- 
bright said toe United States 
had received . “reporting” 
about ‘‘ttansffers* from 
China to Ira n of material that 
could be used in biological 
warfare. No' sanctions were 
planned t toe said. But she . 
did offer the senatora “clas- 
sified” briefing. 

That’s nice — unless you 
think that the American pub- 
lic should know, since toe 
Chinese aod Iranian dictar- 
-eiships- already do. 

Far. irony collectors: An- 
drew J. Nathan -of Cnhimhia 
University writes tost it was 
when the United States did 
talk of economic penalties for 
human rights hoUOTS like fee 

Tiananmen slaughter that 
Beijing made business con- 
cessions to America. 

Mr. Nathan makes tire 
critical point about why hu- 
man rights in China are of 
national " interest to the 
United States. Countries that 
respect toe rights of their cit- 
izens are less likely to start 
wars, export drugs, harbor 
terrorists, produce refugees. 
The greater toe power of a 
country without human 
rights, the greater the danger 
to the United States. 

The dreadful, unexpected 
reality of America’s deser- 
. turn of Chinese human rights 
is known to prisoners in toe 
torture cells; count on it . 

; Wei Jingsheng knows be- 
cause briefly he was free. He 
had been sentenced for writ- 
ing Ids mind. When they 
found that toe first 14-year 
torn had not broken him, the 
Communist leaders wife 
whom Mr.-Qmton and Mrs. 
Albright will meet to talk 
miiltifecets ordered T4 more 
years: same Nanpu New Life 
Salt Works Prison, same 
guards, same isolation cells. 

Well, some people must 
suffer for freedom: tough 
wodd. We who live in free- 
dom already, what we have 
to do is speak up far them. 
Sometimes we do. Only 
thing is, sometimes we just 
have other business. 

The New York Tones. 

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China Has Ambitious Military Plans, but It Will Take Time 

H ONOLULU — President 
Bill Clinton, outgoing Sec- 

A.LBill Clinton, outgoingSec- 

retary of Defense William Perry 
and senior American militaiy 
leaders delivered two strategic 
messages, one explicit and the 
other implicit, to the defense 
ministerof China. On Hao dan, 
during his two-week visit to toe 
United States last month. 

By Richard Halloran 

The first and categorical mes- 
ee was that toe United States 

sage was that toe United States 
does not pose a military threat to 
China. Admiral Joseph Prueber. 
leader of the Pacific Command 
that is responsible for contacts 
wife Chinese military leaders 
and would be charged with 
fighting China if a war broke 
out, underscored that point in 
meetings with Mr. Chi. 

Earlier, Secretary Perry asser- 
ted in Asia and Washington that 
toe 100,000 U.S. troops in the 
western Pacific are not “an of- 
fensive force or a force that could 
ever be directed to offensive op- 
erations against China.” In par- 
ticular, he contended that the 
U-S.-Japapese alliance “is not 
an offensive alliance; it is dir- 
ected against no nation.” 

The second and more subtle 
‘ m ess a ge was that China's mil- 
itary forces are no match for 
those of toe United States now 
and will not be for a decade. _ 

The Chinese defense minis- 
ter was shown U-S. fighter 
planes, warships, armored 
forces and the personnel who 
fly, sail and maneuver them as 
he traveled across the country. 

A Pentagon official told The 
Associated Press that the visit 
was intended to give the 
Chinese “a better appreciation 
for what is really toe most for- 
midable military in toe world.” 

After China threatened to 
use force against Taiwan last 
winter so as to warn tire island 
not to declare independence, of- 
ficials with access to intelli- 
gence findings, and private ana- 
lysts who watch China’s aimed 
forces, pored over reports on 
those exercises and concluded 
that the Chinese woe bluffing, 
because theft military power ex- 
tends only so far as toe People’s 
Liberation Army could walk. 

A senior Pentagon analyst. 
Colonel Karl W. Etkenberry, 
concluded: “Quite simply, toe 
PLA’s punch dissipates expo- 
nentially as the distance from 
the homeland increases.” 

Another official said the 
PLA, which includes all of 
China’s armed forces, was “the 
world's largest military mu- 
seum” for its obsolete weapons. 
A third said toe PLA was a 
“part-time army” because it is 
extensively engaged in busi- 
ness. All found that China 
would be only a minor invasion 
threat to Taiwan for 10 years. 

A retired admiral, Eric 
McVadon, who was once toe 
U.S. defense a ttach d in Beijing, 
contended that “an amphibious 

Beijing’s plan is 
to turn China into 
the dominant 
power in Asia 
by 2029. 

semi and conducted & nuclear 
test in July before agreeing to a 
moratorium on noting Ana- 
lysts expect China to continue 
building nuclear arms to 
achieve what its strategists call 
a “balanced deterrent* in the 
first half of the 21 st century. 

Beijing plans to build a mod- 
em foundation under toe- PLA 
by 2000, to turn China into 
Asia's dominant power by 
2029, and to make China a glob- 
al power by 2049, the 1 00th 
anniversary of the PLA’s con- 
quest of China. 

If Beijing’s military budgets 
continue upward, China wfll 
have a reasonable chance of at- 
taining its goals. Those budgets 

have tripled since 1989 to reach 
$32 billion in 1995, according 

Mulvenon of the Rand Corpo- 
ration in California has called 
“a mnltihilliop-dollar interna- 
tional business empire.” 

An additional 25 percent of 
the troops are inadequately 
trained and equipped. Thus 
only 25 percent serve in com- 
bat-ready units, including 11 
mad reaction brigades. Those 
. 275,000 soldiers comprise an 
effective army smaller than 
those of North Korea, South 
Korea, Vietnam or India, or 
America’s 495,000. 

Defense Minister Chi himself 
iDustnttei; the heavy political in- 
flueoce in anna's armed forces. 
He came up through the ranks of 
toe PLA as a political commis- 
sar, not as a combat command- 
er, and was instrumental in em- 

g oying the armed forces in 
dung in June 1989, when 

assault of Taiwan might enter 
the history books as the million 
man swim.” 

An Australian scholar con- 
cluded: “Qiina is not in a po- 
sition to use force. Instead, 
China is pretending, it is- striv- 
ing, some might say struggling, 
to maintain credibility.” 

An exception: Missiles fired 
into the sea north and south of 
-Taiwan last March were more 
accurate than expected and 
could terrorize Taiwan or drive 
off ships and aircraft if Beijing 
sought to impose a blockade on 
toe island it considers to be a 
separated province. 

That, however, would be an 
act of war and would most 
likely draw retaliation by 
Taiwan’s relatively modem air 
and naval forces. An unpro- 
voked attack could also mobil- 
ize other Asian nations against 
China and could trigger US. 

China has a small nuclear ar- 

Letters intended for publi- 
cation should be addressed 
“Lesters to the Editor " and 
contain the miter's signature, 
name and full address. Letters 
should be brief and are subject 
to editing. We astnot be re- 
sponsible for die retunt cf un- 
solicited manuscripts. 

to the International Institute of 
Strategic Studies in London. 
That puts China in the same 
range as Britain. France and 

This budget growth has been 
possible because China’s eco- 
nomy has been growing at 8 to 
1 0 percent a year. Wito toe time 
needed to produce modem 
weapons, however. Colonel Ei- 
kcubcny estimates that far the 
next 10 to 15 years China “will 
remain hard-pressed to translate 
economic gam's into significant' 
payoffs for the PLA.” 

All of this permits toe United 
States to negotiate wito China 
from a position of relative, 

It does not mean, however, 
that China can .be rallied, be- 
cause toe Chinese are exper- 
iencing a sur ge of emotional, 
nationalistic pride that could 
came them to act irrationally if 
they considered their' sover- 
eignty threatened. 

For the longer tenn, toe 
United States and its allies in 
Asia have time to persuade 
Bering to abide by intemarion- 
al political, economic and se- 
curity rales. Ming that, there 
is time to assemble a collective 
deterrent against Chinese ag- 
gression.. • 

When yon scrutinize Chinese - 
military power, toe figure af3.2 
million people in the PLA. toe 
world’s laigest aimed force, is 
deceptive. Of 2J2m1Dionin. tire 
ground forces, half work in fee- 
tones or engage in what James 

Beijing in June 1989, when 
more than 1,000 activists were 
believed to have been killed 
The strategic rocket force, the 
airforce and toe navy have fewer 
rionmflifny distractions but suf- 
fer from obsolete weapons;- in- 
adequate traimng and poor main-, 
tenance. A Rind study con- 
cludes that toe air force does not 
constitute a credible offensive 

threat against toe United States 
or its Asian allies, and tots situ- 
ation will not change dramat- 
ically over toe next decade.” 

In the exercises last spring, 
the PLA deployed 150,000 
troops, but only 10 percent ma- 
neuvered at any one time be- 
cause of inadequate communi- 
cations. The PLA could 
coordinate only a few aiipla nes , 
ships and ground units m joint 
operations at any one time, al- t 
though they showed improve- ■ 
meat over earlier operations. 
When the weather was bad, 
fighter planes didn’t fly. 

In striving to modernize its 
forces, China has given' the air 
force and navy priority. The 
PLA air force is buying 50 Su- 
27 fighters from Russia, phis a 
license under which toe 
Chinese will produce 150 more. 
But it will take toe Chinese sev- 
en to 20 years to produce the 
aircraft in quantity. 

Beijing is said to be seeking 
three aircraft carriers in the next 
century because they are sym- 
bols that would signal that 
China intrads to be Asia’s 
premier military power. 

International Herald Tribune. 


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1897: King Outmoded such marriages were undesir 

PARIS — The Due d'Anjou 
lost his lawsuit contesting the 
Ducd’OrKans’s right to assume 

toe position of “King of 
France.” The First Chamber of 
toe Paris CbeH Courts declared 

- - — a — 

talc of Due d'Anjou since Ate 
accessio n of to e Prince to toe 
Spanish throne. According to 
the genealogy put forward by 
toe Doc d’Anjou, his claim was 
secondary to that of Don Carlos. 
Duke of Madrid: The Court also 
said that the exercise of the 
King’s power having been ai>- 

ohste d by toe will of foe Reach 

peome, nobody has the richt to 

call hnnself “King of Iramre.” 

1922: Rabbi Outraged 

NEW YORK — Rabbi Harris at 
Temple Israel bitterly attacked 
P 1 11 ? ^ of Jews and Gentiles. 
He cited the Jewish law that 

such marriages were undesir - 1 f 
able and said they wore nev- 
ertheless increasing to an alarm-' 
extent. He maintained that 
the 3,000,000 Jews in America 
would be completely absorbed 
by fee 

110,000,000 Christians at the 
present rate of intermarriage. • 

1947: Burma Accord 

LONDON — An agreement be- 
tween national leaders of 
Burma and the labor govern- 
ment on Burma’s independence 
was announced. An interim 
government is to be established 
and wffi take over the functions 

Co ™ dl the’ 

c ®istituem As- 

sembly will be elected to drafia 

constitution under which toe 
permanent .rfz 

- -«V R| 

** MTJtl 
f • ' U 

- » -cu: i 

• • ‘ t** 

Set.. „ 

’ VLr 

n, , '•“wse wttetoer. 
wOl leave the eSSS 
or remain allied to thT^ 
wh Crown as a Dominion. 

■ % -lki 

'"’^1 />„ 






Newt: Love Means Never 
Having to Say He’s Sorry 

By Richard Cohen 

* f 

alone in thinking there is 
something odd about Newt Gin- 
grich? I write “odd” with some 
hesitation and with full realization 
fhat it is a vague and somewhat 
indefinable word. But it suits, I 
think, a man whose regard for 
himself is virtually operatic in 
scale. All by himself. Newt Gin- 
grich is one of the great love 
stones of all time. 

The evidence for such a con- 
clusion — or is it an acc usati on** 
— is contained in the 1. 300-page 
report issued by the House ethics 
committee. In contains the notes, 
doodles and random thoughts that 
Mr. Gingrich probably envisioned 
would someday be exhibited at 
the Newt Gingrich Museum — 
along with oral histories from 
those teachers who early on knew 
their boy was a genius, destined to 
lead men if not, as he 
insists, revolutions. 

Here, for instance, we have Mr. 
Gingrich referring to himse lf 
as “Definer of civilization,” 
“Teacher of the Rules of Civ- 
ilization, ' ’ ‘ 1 Arouser of those who 
Fan Civilization*' arid other terms 
suggesting either the uncanny 
ability to mimic Soviet-style ha- 
giography or a near-terminal 
of megalomania. At one point he 
refers to himself as “Leader (Pos- 
sibly) of the civilizing forces” — 
making him the runner-up to Su- 

g srman in my book. The Man of 
(eel was only able to leap tall 
buildings in a single bound. 

At other times. Mr. Gingrich has 
modestly called himself a “trans- 
forming figure” and a “revolu- 
tionary.” It is the latter, I think, 
that offers a clue to his behavior 
since the revolutionary, almost by 
definition, is not bound by ordin- 
ary' rules. He has to, you know, 
break some e§gs to make some 
omelets and this Mr. Gingrich, as 
the ethics committee has con- 
cluded, did over and over a gain. 

In this regard. Mr. Gingnch has 
proceeded to mischaracterize the 
action taken by the ethics com- 
mittee. Speaking in his borne dis- 
trict over the weekend, he said the 
punishment approved by a House 
vote of 395 to 28 was the fruit of a 
narrowly partisan effort to get 
him. He neglected to remind his 
listeners that the House has a Re- 
publican majority and that he, of 
course, is die speaker. For it to 
have reprimanded him and ap- 

proved a $300,000 penally shows 
that the evidence against Mm 
was compelling. 

Mr. Gingrich is a transitional 
figure between truth ami lies, fol- 
lowing some rales, breaking oth- 
ers. He can, with polygraph-proof 
conviction, attribute some of his 
problems to the liberal media — 
as he did the other day in Marietta, 
Georgia. He told the hometown 
folks that be was, in short, a victim 
of the left and Its perfidiously un- 
ethical and incredibly inflnential 
press. (Tbe left, incidentally, is 
convinced it has no press.) 

What amaTwi me is that Wash- 
ington, a staid town by a modest 
river, has not pronounced Newt a 
nut and thrown him over the Belt- 
way in the dark of night. Instead, it 
has accepted him at his word. He 
says he’s an intellectual and this 
town says, OX, you're an in- 
tellectual. But when a real intel- 
lectual, the conservative scholar 
James Q. Wilson, was asked to 
endorse a chapter of the text Mr. 

An African in America 
Is Baffled by ‘Ebonics’ 

By Reuben Abati 

B ALTIMORE — Nothing pre- 
pared me for the uniqueness 
of American English ana collo- 

quial American speech. Six 
months after arriving in the 
United Suites, I am still in a state 
of linguistic shock. 

To come here from Nigeria, I 
had to take a test of English as a 
foreign language at the American 
Embassy in my country. If ] had 
failed, I wouldn't be here. Which 



Hong Kong Alarznism 

course, Mr. Wilson panned it in- 
stead: “This chapter won’t do. It 
is bland, vague, hortatory and 
lacking in substance.” In other 

words, a cheap-shot artist would 
say, it exactly mirrors the author. 

To dismiss Mr. Gingrich in a 
sweeping fashion is, really, what 
Mr. Gingrich himself would do if 
he were someone else. L however, 
concede the man has his abilities 
and talents — including , mani- 
festly, an awesome capacity for 
leadership. His ability to persuade 
his colleagues that he is both a 
visionary and button man is no 
small feaL 

But the Gingrich who is so ad- 
ored by Republican Washington is 
a mystery to America. Partly that 
is because the camera does not 
love him. He says he has a weight 
problem, but the contemporary 
American ethic says otherwise: 
His problem is setf-confroL 

Always, though, Mr. Gingrich 
has posed as truth-teller — as 
someone temperamentally incap- 
able of tellinga lie, an irrepressibly 
honest man. The House reprimand 
changed that and now Mr. Gin- 
grich, in bis patently dishonest de- 
fense of his actions and his mis- 
characterizations of his critics, is 
squandering his reputation for 
frankness. Once he seemed odd but 
honest Now he seems just odd. 

The Washington Post. 

Regarding " Bad for Hong 
Kong" (Editorial, Dec. 30): 

The editorial treats rankly pes- 
simistic speculation as observable 
fact and once again fails to ac- 
knowledge the Chinese point of 
view on the legislative standoff 
precipitated by the departing 

Tbe method for the selection of 
Hong Kong’s chief executive and 
the constitution of the legislature 
were laid out in the Sino-British 
Joint Declaration (1984) and in 
tbe Basic Law (1990). Britain, not 
China, has attempted to deviate 
from these legal guidelines. 

The statement that Hong 
Kong’s future governance is be- 
ing assembled “without tbe 
slightest accommodation to 
democracy” is untrue. China has 
codified the stages under which 
Hong Kong will proceed to demo- 
cracy by tbe year 2007. including 
the likelihood of a chief executive 
elected by universal suffrage and 
a referendum on the method for 
constituting future legislatures. 
China has certainly not stripped 
Hong Kong of its freedom, as the 
editorial suggests. 

Currently, under the British, the 
Hong Kong legislature is partly 
directly elected — and partly 
elected by constituent groups, in- 
cluding business, labor, academia 
and the professions. While the ed- 
itorial gives the Impression that 

Britain is defending a democratic 
legislature and China is opposing 
one, tbe truth is that they parted 
company on the timetable for 
shifting tbe balance. 

The Chinese have adopted a 
hands-off policy to Hong Kong’s 
capitalist way of life, legal system 
and. monetary authority. Many in 
Hong Kong have taken that com- 
mitment to heart Real estate 
prices, bountiful monetary re- 
serves, a flourishing stock market 
and — tellingly — the steady 
repatriation of Hong Kong 
natives who left during the 
1980s all suggest a situation at 
considerable variance with this 
alarmist editoriaL 


Hong Kong. 

The writer is a member of the 
Hong Kong Legislative Council. 

Totally Uncool 

That individuals should be re- 
duced to deriving their identity 
from a group that defines itself by 
consuming a given commercial 
brand (identical, as the author ad- 
mits, to others, except for pack- 
aging) is a problem far greater 
than whether young people smoke 
or not Smoking may kill their 
bodies, but their minds, appar- 
ently, are already dead. 

That a whole industry exists to 
foment and exploit this shortcom- 
ing is disgusting, and symptomatic 
of the rot that has taken hold of 
America and threatens the rest of 
die world. If the author wishes to 
make a difference, he should quit 
the marketing business altogether 
and address foe central problem: 
his own identity, and what it means 
to be himself. 



Regarding " What Would Really 
Be Cool? Totally Uncool Cigar- 
ettes ’’ ( Meanwhile . Jan. 16) by 
Tibor Kalman: 

The central problem of Amer- 
ican life is tbe lade of a natural, 
spontaneous and confident sense 
of identity. Ibis article, however 
well intention ed, confirms the sad 
perception, long suggested by 
cinema, commercial music and 
other manifestations of popular 
culture, that there is a void at tbe 
center of foe American soul. 

Tibor Kalman is totally uncool. 
Now that he has made his bundle 
designing packages for cigarettes 
and other commercial products, he 
suggests an unworkable solution 
for reducing the appeal of harmful 
products to young consumers. 

The appearance of generic as- 
pirin has not eliminated promo- 
tional wars among brands or re- 
duced tbe demand for the product 
A “generic” approach won't re- 
duce demand for cigarettes either. 



is why 1 am surprised to discover 
that there are Americans who 
cannot speak standard English. 
To survive in America, 1 have to 
understand a broad range of 
American colloquialisms, and a 
strange tongue called “Ebon- 

Americans speak of the “el- 
evator” instead of “lift”; instead 
of “boot,” they say “trunk”; for 
* 'railway station.” they substitute 
“metro or train”; the college 
“bus” is called foe "shuttle”; 
instead of “petrol,” Americans 
say “gas.” 

I have often referred to the 
small space I share with two col- 
leagues as a “ flat,' ' but I am told it 
is an “apartment” When I refer 
to my colleagues as “flatmates,” 
I am told they are “roommates” 
although we do not live in foe 
same room. 

Several times, I have heard an 
American sprinkle a conversation 
with “Oh my God" and T have 
always responded with “Sony,” 
thinking that he or she was in 
some form of pain, f have since 
discovered that Americans call on 
God as a matter of habit, to ex- 
press surprise, joy, regret, all ai 

But I ara not stubborn. I am 
learning and adjusting. I have 
realized that the success of my 10- 
month stay in this country de- 
pends on my being able to un- 
derstand foe people. There is per- 
haps no point complaining. 

When I tell Americans that 
they confuse me with their pro- 
nunciation, they tell me I have a 

funny accent Or foal they have 
problems understanding the 

English I speak. Yet I speak 
simple, standard English as 
handed down by Her Majesty, the 
Queen of England's government 
to the former colonies. The prob- 
lem is probably with foe English 

language. Every society char in- 
herited it from the English has had 
to infuse it with local color and 

But Ebonics stretches my pa- 
tience and frustrates me. Often, I 
meet African-Americans and be- 
cause they look so familiar, I ex- 
perience an instant racial bonding. 
I feel like talking with them to 
let them know that meeting and 
seeing them makes me feel at 
home, as if I am in the midst of 
my own family. 

But this natural identification 
collapses immediately when the 
African-American begins to 
speak Ebonics. On several occa- 
sions, I have heard my brothers 
and sisters in foe diaspora say: 
“Yo!" “She say. he say." “We 
was.” “I is.” "I be.” This is 
supposed to be English but it is 
not English. 

At such moments, foe genetic 
coding fails and I am forced to 
note the difference between 
nature and nurture. To me. Ebon- 
ics is totally unrecognizable, and 
those who argue that it has a West 
African origin are merely con- 
triving a thesis to justify non- 

True, West Africans speak a 
kind of English called “pidgin 
English” but it is foe language of 
the illiterate, a tribute to incom- 
petence, and it bears no resem- 
blance even to Ebonics. 

Those who speak pidgin Eng- 
lish in West Africa and other 
parts of Africa would rather speak 
standard English. 

The novelist James Baldwin 
may have made a case for Ebon- 
ics: It may well work as literature 
and music. African-Americans 
are also probably entitled to a lin- 
guistic “inside baseball.” But 
they should not be encouraged to 
cling to a dialect that is bound to 
increase their alienation from 
their brothers and sisters in 
Africa, their fellow Americans 
and foe rest of the English-speak- 
ing world. 

The success of African-Amer- 
icans and all black people who 
speak and write good, proper Eng- 
lish proves tbe point that Ebonics 
is not in tile genes. It is certainly 
not in the African gene. 

The writer, a Nigerian journa- 
list studying at the University of 
Maryland , contributed this com- 
ment to The Sun in Baltimore. 


to ii! !;ikf ! ins 


. A Personal 

By Charles Murray. 178 
pages . $20. Broadway. 

Reviewed by 
Michael Kazin 

T HIS is not a book one 
reviews; this is a book 
with which one argues. I as- 
sume Charles Murray would- 
n't want it any other way. 

"What It Means to be a 
Libertarian," despite its 
humble subtitle, is a bold 
manifesto for foe present and 
future American Right 
Unlike his earlier best- 
sellers, Murray's book es- 
^ chews data sets and psycho- 
logical theory and goes 
straight for the ideological 
jugular. Big government is the 
source of nearly all our prob- 
lems, he contends, and a rad- 
ical downsizing will enable 
most Americans "to realize 
whatever potential they have 
within them” and to “cooper- 
ate for the common good 
without compulsion.” 

Give the man his due: Mur- 
ray does think large. Author 

of two controversial books, 
“Losing Ground” and “The 
Bell Curve” (with Richard J. 
Hermstein) , Murray sets forth 
a challenge to modem liberals 
that sweeps from principles to 
proposals to rosy predictions, 
all in fewer than 200 pages. 
According to him, true free- 
dom may now be within oar 
grasp because increasing 
numbers of citizens no longer 
want the government to do 
more than prosecute crimin- 
als, defend our borders and 
maintain the national parks. 

There is, of course, nothing 
original about his basic ideas. 
For over half a century — 
from the heyday of Friedrich 
Hayek to foe high noon of 
Newt Gingrich — articulate 
conservatives have been flog- 
ging the same behemoth state 
and praising the same self- 
regulating market society. 
But until now, few have done 
so in such bracing prose or 
have been so optimistic about 
their chances. 

Murray, in this book, aims 
to be a Tom Paine for our 
times, exposing the reign of 
liberal error and charting the 
path toward a promised land 
that everybody but die-hard 
bureaucrats can enter. 


New Yort Tin** 

Tbii lia is based on reports from w« 
than 1000 bookstores ihnwguMU ibe 
United Weeks on tai are oo( 

neeessarflj- consecutive. 

3 M^’ SERGEL by Ek*te- 
riaa Gordeev* wall E. M- 




Jimmy Carter <5 

WITH GOD, by Neale _ 
Donald Wnbdu 

3 U 

TMi iMffHtl 

Wrnk Wh vUa 

1 AIRFRAME hy Mictod 

Ch riehmo — 1 ® 

2 THE CLINIC, by Jonathan 




by Diana Gabokkw 

OCEAN. I 7 Jacquelyn 

HANDBOOK, by Scott 

S 10 


2 2 

CIPLE, by Scott Adams- 
ERMA, by 

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4 39 


Nicholas Sparks——. 

Richard North Patterson- 

Erma. Bombed; 

Margaret Atwood-.-. 


9 EwSlhS MANTby 

Tony IliUuman 

II 7?ffi ' LAWS' OF OUR 

iW.E-B Gnffin 






by Scott 

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PHECY. by 

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DaoieOc Steel 10 


Darnel Sdva. 

15 FALLING UP, by Shel 
SUvenrein — 15 


by Robert EL Bret 

HEKE.fcyTtaAta £7 . 10 


GE. by Stephen E. 
Ambrose 12 

DEN, by Anne Gedtka_. 14 


J. Stanley nod WiUram IX 

15 JAMES* nSBcfr^ 
RIBS, by James BcmH- 11 

by Bob 
d Oprah 

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1 MAKE . 
Greene . 


2 MEN 

"aRE""” FROM 

1 18 



FROM ' VENUS, by John 


3 m 

Wilier Crookltt 1 

FrsokMcCoOrt — 2 




Deep** Chopra 

2 42 

Luckily for us liberals 
(“social democrats,” he calls 
os), his thinking is nearly al- 
ways at odds with a concept 
-Fame made famous: common 
sense. For a start, consider 
Murray’s curiously romantic 
version of tbe past. He be- 
lieves foe United Stales was a 
healthier, happier place be- 
fore the meddlesome New 
Deal and Great Society began 
to muck things up. More 
people cook responsibility for 
their own beams, and 
children were taught “to be 
genuinely courteous” instead 
of learning “to call other 
people ‘racist’ or ‘sexist* on 
the slightest pretext” 

Which history books has 
Murray been reading? Evid- 
ently, they neglect to mention 
that, a century ago, elite white 
Southerners, those paragons 
of civility, ruled a region 
where thousands of black 
men accused of sexual indis- 
cretions across the .color line 
were castrated and lynched. 

His sources must also omit 
the fact dial most wage 
earners in industrializing 
America were only a missed 
paycheck or two away from 
poverty; their attempts to or- 
ganize unions often got them 
feed, assaulted, or both. The 
worst of such abuses are 
gone, thanks in part to labor 
and civil rights laws — and 
judges who enforce them and 
hard-working bureaucrats 
who administer them. 

Our champion of liberty 
has particular disdain for any 
form of government health 
insurance. “Paying for your 
routine medical expenses is 
part of being a grown-up,” 
Murray writes. It’s not clear 
why this doesn’t also apply to 
education (Murray supports 
school vouchers) or police 
for individual 
and businesses. As for 

those unable to afford ex- 
pensive drugs or visits do foe 
doctor, Murray falls bade on 
nostalgia. If Medicaid and 
Medicare were scrapped, he 
confidently predicts, foe poor 
could depend, as before die 
1960s, on tbe kindness of 
white-coated strangers. 

That blithe proposal reveals 
the obtuseness of Murray’s 
whole approach. If inner-city 
hospitals keep closing or get 
converted into for-profit busi- 
nesses, where will sick people 
without private insurance go? 

Murray seems blind to the 
ongoing tension between 
private gain and public re- 
sponsibility. Obviously, gov- 
ernment intervention, by it- 
self, is not the answer to our 
problems; whether through 
faulty design or inept practice, 
it can sometimes make mat- 
cere worse. Bat government 
remains the only common in- 
stitution Americans have — 
and the only one whose de- 
cisions we can appeal and 
whose leaders we can change 
on a regular basis. 

As Murray grabs airtime 
and shelf space, his counter- 
parts on the intellectual left 
fret endlessly about the lim- 
itations of Bill Clinton or 
anxiously guard their multi- 
cultural ramparts. Where are 
foe Charles Murrays of the 
left — writers who can look 
the nation straight in foe free 
and tell it uncomfortable 
tales, but who also have a 
compelling vision of what the 
Constitution calls “the gen- 
eral Welfare”? Until they 
emerge, the right will con- 
tinue to dominate the debate 
about our common future. 

Michael Kozin's most re- 
cent book is ‘The Populist 
Persuasion: An American 
History He wrote this for 
The Washington Post. 

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%•* * 


E7 - •**& - i 

PAGE 10 

Gunman Kills 
Union Leader, 
Foe of Rebels, 
In Algeria 

' The Associated Press 

; ALGIERS — A gunman on Tuesday 
! killed an influential Algerian union lean- 
er who was a political ally of President 
' Liamine Zeroual’s, union officials said. 

The unidentified, stacker shot Ab- 
delhaq Benhamouda, 55, with an auto- 
- mari e pistol, emptying the weapon’s am- 
munition into his body, the officials said 
' on condition of anonymity. 

The man then killed one of Mr. Ben- 
hamouda’s bodyguards and another uni- 
on official who came running after hear- 
ing the shots, possibly with a second 
weapon, the officials said. 

The shooting was followed less than 
four hours later by a booby-trapped par- 
cel that exploded in the Algerian gar- 
rison town of Blida, 50 kilometers south 
of the capital, killing one person and 
wounding 17. the Algerian security 
forces said. 

Mr. Benhamouda was an outspoken 
critic of Islamic militants, whose five- 
year insurgency against the military- 
backed government has left more than 
60,000 people dead 

He had applauded the array for step- . 
ping in to cancel 1992 legislative elec- 
tions that Muslim fundamentalist parties 
were poised to win, a move that 
triggered the insurgency. 

Mr. Benhamouda had led a committee 
that opposed Islamic fundamentalism. 



Killing Audubon 5 s Marsh 

Wetland Where Artist Played Is Imperiled 
By Policy of French Who ‘Detest Nature 5 

By Charles Truehcart . 

Wtahi*f!tt>n Post Service 

COUERON, France — John James 
Audubon. America's greatest observ- 
er, collector and painter of native bird 
life,. used to neglect his studies in 

marsh's exceptional importance as a 
bird habitat remains, scientifically un- 

pI Bu?Mr- Chomienne is right about 

the symbolism. ... 

France lags far behmd its neighbors 
in its environmental protections. 

. Vaodt tUhanlMynoHuB. ftrwr 

President Sali Berisha, center, waving to supporters as bodyguards surrounded him Tuesday in Tirana. 

Guards Whisk Albanian Leader From Rally 

Reusen ing the situation could get out of control, side the headquarters of die opposition 

TIRANA, Albania — President Sali rushed him up the steps of the Palace of Socialist Party. 

^ FKOCh VU " nSSogist, Jcan-Fr^cois 
livery evening, according to abio- told the 
granw “hTwould return with his vateur this month. Those whojffo- 
umch hagtrot laden with the spoils of feet it are always accused -of being 

museum into which Ms room had that it would pursue legal action 
already been transformed.'* • against France for noncomplianM 
Audubon left Coueron and France with European directives on bird-hfe 
m 1806 to make his name m the young ’ conservation. Despite pressures rrom 
natirin across the most fam- Brussels, the French government has 

ousty with his majestic bocA'^Birds of yet to certify many of 
America.” But the marsh that first poitant wetlands in France a s zones 
inspired his ait and his vocation still worthy of special protection, prefer^ 
clucks and twiners here in the estuary ring to keep diem available for in- 
of the Loire River, far downstream dustrial. shipping, nuclear power and 

from the great chateaux. 

Hawk and heron; teal and lapwing 
Iivem the tall brush and skimpy trees. 

But like many an im glamn rous WCt- 

otfaer development. 

Under pressure from the port and 
politicians who fevor development, 
the French government has excluded 

Berisha, poised to address a crowd of Culture and inside the building. 


rightist Democratic Party sup- 
eft die main square in Tirana on 

The mayor of Tirana, Albert Brojka, 
then appeared to tell s up p orter s to dis- 

been shot and wounded twice Tuesday, surrounded by security guards perse peacefully, indicating the pres- 

• _ i Tr* _ 1 _ ! J e » J 1 J 

since the insurgency began. His brother amid fears for his safety. 

__ . • iit-j hi. i j 

idem had left. 

was killed two years ago. 

Secretary-general of die country's 
largest labor organization, the General 
Union of Algerian workers, Mr. Ben- 
hamouda backed Mr. Zeroual in the 
presidential elections last fall 

Mr. Berisha had made his way cm foot 
from the town hall in central Stamderbeg 

Proteszsh&ve swept the Balkan state for 
two weeks as thousands of investors face 
the prospect of losing all their money. 

The protesters link the end of payouts 
to the azzest of the pyramid operators. 

The governing Democratic Party, in They blame the government 

an apparent e ff ort to avoid any esca- 

Squarc through a crowd of about 6.000 Iation of the violence that has hit Albania 
supporters toward the Palace of Culture, recently following the collapse of pyr- 

As the crowd pressed in toward Mr. amid investment schemes, dropped its 
Berisha, security guards, apparently fear- original plans to cany out a protest out- 

arrest and are demanding their release. 

The Tntgmafimwl Monetary Fund has 
offered to help the Albanian government 
overcome the financial crisis, an agency 
official said Tuesday. 

land in ihe great river estuaries of the Audubon Marsh from protective 
France, die Audubon Marsh is in zoning, raising the possibility that its 
danger. fete and that of many other sensitive 

The marsh that first 
inspired Andnbon may. 
ke smothered in muck - 
from a ship channeL 

wetlands could become a matter of 
dispute between French and European 
environmental authorities. 

A judgment by the European Court 

Tucked between Nantes and St 
Nazaire, two stagnant port cities near 
France's Atlantic coast the 300-hec- 
tare (750-acre) marsh feat wraps 
around Coueron has been designated 
as foruse as adump for the nasty muck 
drained from the bottom of die Loire 
ship channe l that serves die posts. 

Were that to happen,. the flara arid 
fauna that eke out a living where 
young Audubon played would be 
rubbed out The great birdman. at a 
guess, would be dismayed. - 
That is the reed at which Michel 

WALES: Foreign Investment Creates Jobs but Fails to Inspire the Expected Affluence 

Continued from Page 1 More fortunate is Rachel Stevens, a 

supervisor in the customer services de- 
Only now that the gap has nearly van- partmenl of Align-rite, a company based 

What worries some in government 6,500 jobs that LG will create. '“The 

Chomte tme is grasping as he seeks to of Justice last summer said that mean- 
protect the marsh from what he sees asberstates may not authorize die re- 
an ill-considered economic develop- . moval of protections on ecologically 
ment strategy and to preserve it as a fragile wetlands for economic rea- 

ished has a nerw awareness begun to 

It is a growing sense that something is 

in California that makes patterns for 
computer chips in southern Wales. 
There, in a pair of clean rooms bathed 

and die private sector is dial die price of 
those jobs has gotten ont of hand. 

Corporate site-selection committees 
have long been swayed by the quantity 
of subsidies available. 

whole thing has gotten completely out of 
hand, starving other projects of needed 
funding,” said a Welsh development 

piece of Ftench cultural heritage. 
“Andnbon has been completely 

sons. The court's broad and unam- 
biguous language, one European of- 

missing — the prosjjerity that flows not in yellow tight, workers in full surgical 
from assembly-line jobs but from those costume oversee computer driven tools 

in the higher-paid realms of finance, etching their design 
advertising and design. There- the skills ai 

“Wrongly, as it turned out, we good. And. said Ms 
thought that the service sector would two bonuses a year, 
come in on the back of a vibrant man- _ 
ufacturing sector,” said Brian Morgan, ‘ 

chief economist at the Welsh Devel- pT| | |V~ A m 
opment Agency. VI JlIJJ. N xKe 

As a result, he concedes, moss do- 
mestic product per head in Wales as Continued f 
measured against the rest of Britain has 
held fast at around IS percent for die last Over the long n 

20 years. engaged with China 

With hindsight, the successes of the where we can agree 

etching their designs onto quartz discs. 

There the skills are high and the pay is 
good. And. said Ms. Stevens, “We get 

In the case of LG Group, the Welsh 
Development Agency’s aid runs, from 
building the plants to setting up mode 
assembly tines to train the staff. 

The total subsidy has been reported to 
run as high as £30,000 for each of die 

CHINA: U.S. Report Slams Rights Abuses 

Continued from Page I 

Over the long run, he said, “being 
engaged with China, working with diem 

The report on China, one of- 193 re- 
ports on human rights around the world, 
is also one of the most sensitive. 

There is something of an annual ritual 

As the subsidies have risen so too has 
ae Welsh the anger of local business people who 
im*. from find themselves competing against some 
up mode of the foreign firms. ’ 

“Oh to be Korean or Japanese instead 
ported to of having to compete against all those 
ch of the people with. all their subsidies,” said 
• . Ken Vaughan, managing director of A. 
. McLay & Co., a 100-year-old Welsh 

printing firm. 

ISSS. Officials want more for their money, 
oi . too.- . 

f-193 re- Increasingly they strive to persuade 
be world, foreign investors to do more of their 

e. research and design locally. 

Lual ritual hi the case of Panasonic’s television- 

forgotten inFrance," Mr. Chomienne fidal predicted, will lead to major 
said. “Yet the Fren c h are proud of. jurisdictional battles in coming years, 
their contributions to humanity's One .possible explanation for the 
‘grandeur’ and convinced ofthe no- . French lade of interest in nature is that 
tion of ‘French genius.’ Oar leaders — in contrast to such neighbors as 
have to recognize that you can’t neg- Britain. Germany and tbe Netherlands 
led the memory of aman who brought — France has low population density. 

somuch to the American cation,” 
Audubon was bom Jean-Jacques 

which means is natural resources are 
not so crowded or' taxed, and thus its 

Fougere Audubon in 1785 in what is environmental consciousness is less 
now Haiti. His father was a French' -developed^ 
seaman, his mother an American For example, die Royal Society for 
Creole. He was taken to France in the Preservation of Birds, the main 
1789, and, growing up here by the British bird organization, claims 
■marsh, eftawbirds at: 15. -nearly 1 million, members. France’s 
When he was 20, he emigrated to the Bird Protection League, in a country 
United States. His father set him up in of equal population, has not quite 
business there, but Audubon soon 25,0(X). 

abandoned it for full-time bird por- Nonetheless, the French remain 

past are being reassessed and frequently tinning to be honest and forthri 
found wanting. insistent where we disagree, has the 

Take one of the earliest of those, greatest likelihood of having a positive 
Panasonic's decision to set up shop on a impact on China.” 

50-acre (20-hectare) site outside Cardiff But the State Department repc 

where we can agree” as well as “con- now in sharp criticism of China in die making aim, after two decades in Wales, traiture and equally tireless promotion deeply attached to the land and to their 

50-acre (20-hectare) site outside Cardiff But the State Department report to be 

20 years ago. issued Thursday paints a particularly 

Today that sprawling facility turns out bleak picture of human rights conditions 

: and human rights report, followed by policy 
the decisions that play down the importance 
itive of human rights in the overall relation- 
ship compared with other, issues like 
a be trade, Taiwan, arms sales, missile and 

nuclear proliferation, and Beijing’s help jobs to 200. 

the company has recently begun to ex- 
plore the possibility of opening a re- 
search and design center there. 

If it goes ahead, it would double die 
number of die company’s “quality” 

> 1.3 million television sets and 900,000 
’ microwave ovens a year, but very little 
< affluence. 

“At the moment we have 2^00 
people working here and just over 400 
■ quality jobs,” said David Fowler, com- 
’ pany secretary for Panasonic's Euro- 
pean television division, referring to 
higher skilled and higher paying jobs. 

with some discomfort, David Rowe- 
Beddoe, chairman of the Welsh agency. 

sak picture of human rights conditions in controlling regional actors like North 
in China. Korea. 

■ Dissent Cradled in China 

Steven Erlanger of The New York issues. Those officials will try to per- 

In the meantime, Wales would also 
like its manufacturers to buy not just 
Welsh components but also Welsh bank- 

Times reported earlier; suade tile Chinese to make signifies 

Accenting to administration officials, gestures on human rigbts.that could ji 
the annual report on human rights con- tify the dropping by Washington of its Sony Crap, buy everything 
ditions con c ludes that by die end of co-sponsorship of an annual resolution boards to packing cartons — 
1996, all active dissidents in China had condemning China at the United Nations lookout to substitute a local 

China to discuss human rights and other ing, insurance and advertising services, 
issues. Those officials will try to per- For years, said Mr. Morgan, the de- 
suade the Chinese to make significant velopment agency has prided itself onjts 
that could jus- knowledge of where com; 

With some discomfort, David Rowe- been imprisoned or exiled. 

Beddoe, c ha i rm an of the Welsh agency. One official on Monday described die 

recounts the story of recently watching a Chinese success at wiping exit active dis- 
teacher leading her class along a stare- sent as “an accomplishment even post- 

teacner leading ner class along a state- seat as an accomplish 
of-the-art assembly tine in an ultramod- Stalinist Russia could not achieve.” 
em Welsh factory. A China expert outs 

“If you don’t study hard,” she mem who has seen die 
warned her charges, “you will end up that it is “hard-hitting' 
working in a place like this.” effort to “disguise Ch 

What worries many analysts about human rights in 1996.” 
such places even more than their re- 
latively' low pay and low job satisfaction " " ” 
levels is their ephemerality in today’s DTITA. r* r* 
global economy. P i IV" l! 5 JuO 

Unfortunately for a principality of 3 
million that now finds 35 percent of ics Continued fror 

manufacturing sector owned from 
■ abroad, experience has shown that for- that created a Truth ant 

Commission on Human Rights in an imported one. 

Geneva. “But we never thought to ask them 

Tbe Chinese are already lobbying to where they bought theft marireting advice 
defeat the introduction of a resolution at or their financial services,” be said, 
the commission, which meets in early That too is now changing as the agency 

For years, said Mr. Morgan, the de- 
velopment agency has prided itself on its 
knowledge of where companies like 
Sony Crap, buy everything from circuit 
boards to packing cartons — ever on the 
lookout to substitute a local product fra 
an imported one. 

“But we never thought to ask them 
where they boaght theft marketing advice 

of his work. pursuit of happiness, and secondary 

To draw attention to the threatened income, upon it- Lots of people in 
marsh. Mr. Ghomienne. a Coueron Coueron, Mr. Chomienne acknow- 
resident and framer Nantes-St lodged, may not care much about bird 
Nazaire port authority executive, is habitats or Jean-Jacques Audubon, 
trying to drum up a little pride in die though they like a pristine place such 
illustrious native son — and to elicit as Audubon Marsh to fish and hunt 
the rigbtkind of pressure from, among Mr. Chomienne is hoping that 

others, thepresirient of France and the Audubon Marsh might be a modest 
National Andnbon Society of die attraction to ecotounsts, birders and 
United States. cyclists -passing through this pleas- 

United States. cyclists -passing through 

“The marsh's ornithological value antly level prat of France, 
may not be exceptional,’' Mr. Chomi- The attraction would b« 
ezme said on a recent tour of the un- itself, marked with omitik 
prepossessing village and its marsh, historical signs. Mr. Cham 
“But on tbe symbolic level it’s very it might even support arest 

The Bird Protection League, He hopes, through international ex- 
France’s major bird lobby, begs, to posnre. to gather signatures from 
differ on the first count A bird called aroond the world fra a petition ad- 
die corncrake, a rail that nests in sig- dressed to President Jacques Chirac 

Stalinist Russia could not achieve.” the commission, which meets in early Thai too is now changing as the ageocy 
A GHina expert outside tbe govern- March and runs through April 18. The toms its attention to dofog for the service 
mem who has seen die draft report said United States must decide soon whether sector what it hasbeen doing in man- 
tbar it is “hard-hitting” and makes no to cosponsor a resolution, as it has for vectoring for two decades, acting as a 
effort to “disguise China's retreat on the last seven years, to allow the measure broker between local talent and foreign 
human rights in 1996.” any chance of success. need. 

The attraction would be die marsh 
itself, marked with ornithological and 
historical signs. Mr. Chomienne dunks 
it might even support a restaurant and a 
bed-and-breakfast in town. 

He hopes, through international ex- 
posure. to gather signatures from 

nificanr numbers in Audubon Marsh, requesting protection fra tbe marsh in 
is endangered by creeping agriculture Coueron — if not for the birds, then as 
and urbanization ana is fast disap- a modest gesture of French-Arnerican 
pearing across Europe. (European en- ties that go back to the time of Jean- 
vironmental officials say the Coueron Jacques Audubon. 

RIKO: 5 Former Policemen Admit Killing SYRIA: Political Struggle Appears to Be Unfolding in Damascus 

Continued from Page 1 

Jones, who was arrested along with Mr. 
Biko in 1977. 

• The April 1982 killings of Siphiwe 

Continued from Page 1 

abroad, experience has shown that for- that created a Truth and Reconciliation •The April 1982 killings of Siphiwe cessra. These people say mat it is prob- 
eign-owned companies with few ties to a Commission and empowered it to in- Mtimkulu and Tapsy Madaka. They ably no coincidence that Bashar Assad, 
region beyond an appreciation of low vestigate, but not prosecute, h uman - were abducted, taken to an abandoned who. .was trained in Britain to be an 
costs loom as the flightiest of the lot. rights abuses that may have been com- police station, dragged and shot in the ophthamologist and who had appraendy 
Ruth Lewis, a 56-year-old assembly mitted all along the political spe c tr u m. HaadL “Their bodies were placed on a given no thought to a political future 
line leader ai Albert o-Culver’s new fac- In a pattern simil ar to that of other wood pyre and burned for -about six until an elder brother was killed in an 
lory in Swansea, has seen it firsthand, nations torn by brutal dictatorial pasts, hours,” a truth commission statement automobile accident three years ago, has 
Six years ago her employer, toe com- the truth panel in South Africa is to said. ‘‘The remaining fragments of bone been portrayed recently in tbe Syrian 
puter chipmaker Siliconix, which is compile an official history of apartheid- were thrown into the Fish River.” press as something of a Mr. Clean- 
based in California, moved to cheaper era abuses on die theory that fee pain of •The May 198S killings of Sipho “The president has had ft with his 
manizfacruri ng sites in Malaysia and the tbe past must be fully aired before it can Charles Hasbc, Qaqawuli Godolozi and brothers and their sons, and he’s trying 
Philippines with three months’ notice, be put to rest As more and more details Champion Galele of the Port Elizabeth to do something about it,” a prominent 
leaving behind 300 workers in the val- of apartheid-era atrocities have come to Black Civic Association. They were Syrian said, presenting a view that is 
leys of south Wales. tbe fore through tbe truth commission’s tilled through die same shooting, bom- widely held within the diplomatic and 

Luckily, Mrs. Lewis quickly found investigations, the men involved have ing and disposal process. business community. 

ii'iwb nnd nViA inriittn - 1 - - vi _ _ _ _a • • _ _ _ rn. . Y 1 Anf I fnt*L ■■■ ■ v - — - 1 A r m iC A « win /4i Vm 

cessor. These people say that it is prob- brother in 1983, is suspected of tzying to people have begun to wonder whether 
ably no coincidence that Bashar Assad, renew his ties to die military. the latest moves might be related to the 

who. was trained in Britain to be m Jemil Assad' s departure For Paris late question of who will succeed him ■ 
ophthamologist and who had appraendy last month has not been reported in the Under die Syrian Constitution, tbe 
given no thought to a political future official media here. Diplomats in Dam- leader of Parliament takes temoorarv 
until an elder brother was killed in an ascus said they have been able to con- 

Under the Syrian Constitution, tbe 
leader of Parliament takes temporary 
charge upon the death ofthe president, to 

arement automobile accideni three years ago, has firm ft only within tbe last two weeks dr await the governing Ba'aih Party’s nom- 
ofbone been portrayed recently in tbe Syrian so. ination of a candidate to be presented to 

press as something of a Mr. Clean. - Diplomatsalso saidtbey were struck by die Parliament and to votm-s frw 

p v»*n * v 1 i l:. ; j ip ^ , . . . ’rr- 1 " 

press as something of a Mr. Clean. 

“The president has had ft with his 
brothers and their sons, and he’s trying 
to do something about it,” a prominent 

Diplomatsalso said tbey were struck by 
tbe fact that while Mr. Asrad was reported 
to have attended a Jan. 21 wreath-Jayim? 

ceremony on die third anni 
death of his sot Basel, tbe 

ification. Mr. Assad bas said that he does 

not have an opinion about who should 

the take his place. 

Bashar Assad, die second of Assad* 

work and she insists, satisfaction, with 

investigations, the men involved have 
feU compelled to go to the commission. 

another inward investment catch, a man- their lawyer said, by a tfrmar of ptos- 
ufacrurer of hair-care products, Alberto- ecution in the courts. 

Culver, which is also based in die United 

But even after several promotions her 
salary is far less than her old date. 

In addition to the Biko death, die 
police officials have told die truth panel 
they were responsible for 
•The Eonfka] b eating of Peter Cyril 

ing and disposal process. 

• The June 1985 killings of Matthew 
Goniwe, Fort Calata, Sparrow Mkhonto 
and Sicelo MhlawuH. Tney.were beaten, 
mutilated and burned, bat. theft bodies 
were recovered. One of Mr. Mhlawuli’s 

assembled squadrons of tanks in 'Darn- effects of surgery. But it has been more 
ascus in an attempt to overthrow his than 26 years since he seized cower and 

tti 1 OW Sc cn c iu rti iri nf tA rmrvnl* K«ua * - •j* ■ ' « 



activity in Tartous and Latakia. spawned - cause it was a personal family moment, 
so mudi resentment there that be has Mir. Assad has a history of heart 
harmed- the family’s stature, the dtp- trouble and diabetes, but there is no 
lomars and prominent Syrians say. evidence that he is suffering from any- 

hands was mass in g, and it is believed that Iomais and prominent Syrians say. evide 

die police keptftS a jar at tbeft offices. They say tbat’Rifaat Assad, 59, who thing 

his bitther-s deaft iT 
^S e ^ l 2L StU ¥ eS 10 retum “Syria and 

rJ* * the government 

INVEST: Hoping to Take the Market’s Pulse Safely, Americans Are Rushing Headlong Into Index Funds 

Continued from Page 1 

such as Fidelity Investments and Merrill money managers to pick and choose function of ignorance, but it also reflec ts 
Lynch & Co., which have long boasted among a ' broad array . of American tbe fact that those' who ■ have started 
oftheDrowess of their money manacera. stocks. ftrvestiiK'cintymthe past few years have 

large number of stocks with the safer of the prowess of their money managers, stocks. 

approach of spreading money among have moved to offer investors more in- 

stocks, bonds and cash. 

In the past decade, die amount of 
mutual-fund money invested in the most 
widely held stock mdex funds has risen 
mare than a hundredfold, to S65 billion 

That has not always been the case, never experie nced a 
There have been long periods in which What will happei 

dex funds of their own. There have been long periods in which 

With their typically Jow costs, index most of the actively managed stock 
funds are one of ihe best ways to invest in funds outperformed the indexes. 

the broad stock market. 

— a growth rate 18 times that of the investments. But what has caught the 
overall fund industry.- Much of that attention of recent investors is not just 
money found its way to index funds in the long-run potential of index funds, but 

torically outperformed nearly all other die largest seller of index funds, said he 

most of the actively managed stock stock market goes down, of course, fa 
funds outperformed die indexes. dial an index fond will fall just as much, 

has his- Mr. Brennan of Vanguard, which is perhaps more. .Unlike a general stock: 
die largest seller of index funds, said he fund, an index fund canno t hold cash or 
had heard an abundance of callers do- other instruments to itself against 
scribe index funds as “safe options’ ’this a market decline., , ■ ■ .. 

ver experienced a bear market. Index funds, by their very nature, 

What will happen when the overall undermine the central tenet of the mu- 

. - ‘A J “ , 1 £ J- LiiJiataal ' tL.fe .1 I 

more serious now than tbe after- 

- — 

the recent market nm-up. In a downturn, whar extern ? ucc ®f SJ i on ^ to 

they migfa well fall farther than stocks regime ofawSento^i^Irf* 1 10 lid - &e 
that have not risen so much. ^Hafez ofl comi Pt , « 1 - 

ex funds, by their very nature, deraly wams to be suc- 

nrine the central tenet of the mn- if you “And 

und business — that individual securinBtjtefnni^^-S ^ B about 

just the past two years. 

The largest index fond, the Vanguard 
Index 500. is gaining rapidly rat the 
largest of all mutual funds. Fidelity 
Magellan. Now even mutual fond giants 

their short-term payoff. 

1 the Vanguard Over the past mine years, index funds 
rapidly on the that track the S&P 500 performed better 
funds. Fidelity for theft shareholders than did 93 percent 
itual fond giants of the 2,400 mutual funds feat rely on 

month when he answered calls from 
individual investors on fee company’s 
toll-free sales line. 

“That sends up all kinds of red flags 
for us,” he said. 

Partly, that misunderstanding is a 

stock market goes down, of course, fa tual-fund business — that individual securing v a about 
fear an index fhnd^ will fall just as much, investors who do not have time to man- I would sav ^ r r P 01 ^ 51 ^ fee present, 
perhaps more. -Unlike a general stock: age their own money should trust a _ . , y 15 both.” 

fond,' an index fund cannot hold cash or financial professional to trade on their m Assad Attends Meeting 

m.protertjtedf against behalf ^ finds, which are much official 

Moreover, tfc index funds are less profitable fra the industry thantra- pftal three week? r av i n 8 hos- 
weighted by a company's market value, : ditional mutual fends, can consistently Presse reDorted ( r^T genoe Fra »»- 

so movements infac prides rfthebiggest outperform professional stock-ackers, Mr. 

stocks have an outsized effect on the ' investors are Ukdy to demand better idem Abdel HniimvlrS by Vlcc Pres- 
performance of fee index. Those big results to justify fechigher fees charged day visit to Saudi fSr^onhistwo- 
stotks have bieOT tbe mcttt successful in by most o*er mutual funds. presidential Kuwait, a 

performance of fee index. Those big 
stocks have been fee mratsnocessfnl in 

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Presidential spokesman 



Truly Pinteresque Pinter 

Shawntae Harris’s official bio says she’s a writer, a shrewd businesswoman and an up-and-coming actor 

The Rap Star as Brat Next Door 

By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — When she was still little 
Shawntae Harris, growing up in 
Chicago, people had learned to 
expect her next tantrum. She was 
infamous. Now known as Da Brat, she 
has released an album called 
"Anuthatantnun" (Columbia). 

“Everyone used to call me a spoiled 
brat,” she said. “At first I thought it was a 
bad thing. But when I began to grow up, I 
saw that it’s not so bad after all. It’s a good 
way to get a lot of things you want. I’m 
spoiled rotten. I'll be a brat for the rest of 
my life." 

"You don’t seem like a brat,'' ven- 
tured an adult Anglo-Saxon voice in the 

"Maybe I’ve got a good disguise," 
she said 

Attitude is central to a rapper’s act and 
she illustrated hers by lighting up in ha- 
suite, a hotel-designated non-smoking 
area. The aroma Boated over a con- 
ference table with notepads and pencils 
and bottles of juice neatly laid out on it 
(no ashtrays). 

The ambience was reminiscent of a 
regional sales conference in a fra n chised 
hotel near the railroad station, which is 
basically what it was. (One difference: 
Some of the delegates wore shaved 
heads, dreads and NBA caps back- 
wards.) Now 22 years old. Da Brat had 
been the first female solo rapper to sell 
one million units, and she is the biggest 
selling female solo rapper to date. 

Her cote audience, roughly 17 to 27 
years old, considers the parental advis- 
ory sticker as something of a plug. (One 
track praises Acapulco Gold. There’s 
also a clean version for kids.) 

Her official painted bio introduces 
hen "Hey, y’all. meet Da new Brat- 
Under all that Triple -X denim. Brat is 
also a stunning beauty. She’s arhymer, a 
writer, a shrewd businesswoman and an 
up-and-coming actor. 

"Da new Brat" played the role of 
Kameesha, the “loyal girlfriend of the 
basketball playing star" in a low-budget 
movie called “Full Court Press." During 
the filming, she says, she felt like: "Hey! 
This right here might show people what I 
can da Let them see me do someone 
other than Da Brat. A real role, like 
Angela Bassett Queen Larifa did a part 
that sold like eight million die first week- 
end. She’s a role-model forme. Acting is 
all about being different anyway. I don’t 
want to be just another ghetto black gjri 
who drinks and smokes or whatever. 

“When I did that movie, I had to forget 
about who I was and not pout or be a braL 
I never had any. doubts about myself, 
about the just -going oat and doing it I 
wasn’t coached, I never had acting les- 
sons. I wasn’t nervous. The only problem 
was that I had to wear a skirt, and I don’t 
like skirts. But it was a dope pail" 

"Dope," she explained, is "a ghetto 
way to say good. You can say ‘that sure 
is a dope outfit * It’s like fly: ’Damn, you 
look fly tonight.’ At home we even got a 
Fly magazine. ' 

"I know I probably shouldn't be so 
ghetto and cussing and everything in this 
interview. Because you’ve got to edit 
this stuff, rmtrying to make it as easy as 
able. But when I'm around all my 
i, I talk like . . . well, I don't want 
to talk like that wife you because we’re 
doing business. There’s a time and a 
place for everything." 

S HE’S been rapping since fee age 
of 11. First "roses are red, vi- 
olets are blue, I love you ..." 
Then one day her mother got on 
her nerves and she got on anew level — 
something like "you make me sick and 1 
hate you/’ That made her feel better. 
Rapping relieves stress. She plays fee 
drums and feat helps too. She first 
played drums in church: "My mom's 
mom was sanctified — she was Pente- 
costal. My life was constant church. But 
my dad’s mom, she wasn’t church. So I 

got to be a bad loud brat out here with 
one grandma, but I bid it wife fee other 
one that went to church. 

“Even when I cuss and talk about 
smoking weed to fee people who love me. 
even if they don't like what Tm saying, 
like my grandma, she knows she raised 
me right. She knows I’m not going to kill 
myself because I’m high, or kill some- 
body else. She knows F ve got some sense 
because of fee way she raised me." 

"Are you sure she knows that?” 

"Oh yeah. She’s assured me. My 
grandmother, she’s 70-something and 
she teaches dance classes to clean ver- 
sions of my music. My auntie is an 
accountant, and she’s also my business 
manager. She has a degree in tax ac- 
counting, and she has her own firm. 
She’s really honest, she helps me budget 
my money, she’s buying me a computer. 
I got stocks and bonds. I'm blessed. ” 

The blessing began back in Chicago 
when fee rapper Kris Kress called some 
kids to p e rf orm on stage during his 
show. little Shawntae just blew every 
one away. Kris Kross’s security took her 
backstage to meet him and they talked. 
Then, she says: "Kris Kross told fee hip 
hop genius, fee master of southern filed 
funk Jermaine Dupri about how dope I 

The well-known producer Dupri lived 
in Atlanta. She must have called Atlanta 
20 rimes a day. She could never get 
through. Finally an airline stewardess 
friend got her a buddy pass to fly cheap 
and she tracked Dupri down. 

He invited her to his house and put on 
a beat machine: * T don’t know what be 
on Jermaine’s mind to come up wife fee 
things he do. Each day he comes with a 
fatter track. I started rapping about 
everything in fee room. And then about 
fee things I’ve been through in my life. 
When that beat is on, man, I can rap all 

"My belief is about keeping focused, 
keeping it simple and never taking a step 



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CNeir York Times/ Edited by Will Shorts. 

Solution to Puzzle of Jan. 28 

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By Sheridan Motley 

fiuemaaonql Herald Tribune 

L ondon — Why 

were we always so 
afraid to laugh at, or 
at any rate with, Har- 
old Pinter? When "Hie 
Homecoming" first opened 
in 1965 at fee Aldwych, 1 
seem to remember reverent 
silences on stage and in the 
auditorium, anda willing sus- 
pension of disbelief that this 


was the same dramatist who 
only a few years earlier had 
been writing hilariously sin- 
ister revue sketches for com- 
ics like Kenneth Williams 
and Peter Cook, not that there 
were ever many like them.. 

Thirty years on, an admir- 
able revival at fee National 
Theatre by Roger Michell 
malms it clear feat this is in- 
deed tire Pinter of fee revue 
sketches, m uch of at least 
the first half of the Lyttelton 
production is bleakly, black- 
9 , hilariously funny. 

Of all Pinter plays, "The 
Homecoming" is probably 
fee most immediately access- 
ible. It is a thumbnail sketch of 
what we mean 
A grotesque North 
family, many of whose cous- 
ins were soon to appear in the 
works of Joe Orton, send their 
newly acquired relative, in 
this case a glacial Lindsay 
Duncan, to by her luck 
theirs on the streets of Soho as 
a prostitute. 

Like so many of his other 
plays, "The Homecoming" 
is about sexual violence and 
the territorial imperative; it 
also affords half a dozen truly 
wonderful pans, and is per- 
haps the only Pinter in which 
these parts are in the end 
greater than the whole. 

Menace and ambi: 
which any first-year 
student will tell you are fee 
playwright’s special stock-in- 
trade, are not so readily ap- 
parent here; instead we have a 
magnificentl y plotted drama 
dominated by fee character of 
Lenny, a vintage semi-literate 
thug ("Apart from the known 
and the unknown, what else is 
there?") superbly under- 

Lindsay Duncan as Ruth in Harold Pinter's " The Homecoming" at the Lyttelton. 

lugubrious David Bradley. I 
don’t believe there is a better 
revival in London at present, 
nor a better introduction to 
Pinter as a comic dramatist 
and master of the sinister and 
the seriously strange. 


’ arranging for his sis- 
ter-in-law to go on the streets, 
or merely paving filial obeis- 
ance to his Dad ("I respect 
him not only as a father but 
also as a first-class butcher"), 
Lenny is one of the great cre- 
ations of fee modem theater. 

True, here as in Peter 
Hall’s current “Streetcar," 
fee designer has taken a curi- 
ous decision to set a claus- 
trophobic piece in a space feat 
could handsomely accom- 
modate several armies — 
though at least we do get to 
see a loft crammed wife all 
the detritus of a long non- 
functional family. Michell 
has wisely cast such vintage 
television comics as Sam 
Kelly and fee magnificently 

T the Young Vic 
Studio, Q are Bay- 
ley’s "The Shift" 
.is. like many plays 
by former drama critics, 
sometimes too reflectively 
clever for its own good, not so 
much well written as well re- 
membered from greater and 
lesser works. 

There is certainly consid- 
erable ambition here. Her 
ly is billed as "cross-me- 
which just means that 
there’s a closed-circuit video 
screen on stage and the cast 
sometimes act to fee camera 
instead of us. It is also billed 
as "devised by author and 
cast,” which usually means 
that nobody could quite get it 
right. But al 
way “The S 
age to tell us a 
about its six f< 
tersas weflash 
forward in their lives from 
1947 to 1968 to the present 
"The Way We Were" it 
isn’t: Bayley’s eventual aim 
is to explore what has 
happened to three generations 
of intelligent and sometimes 
radical women, Ophelias all. 

trying not to drown or get 
carried away by fee wrong 
prince. Andy Lavender dir- 
ects an agile cast led by Laura 
Macaulay and Catherine Cu- 
sack in a production of lim- 
ited resources but consider- 
able resource. I’d like to 
know what really happened to 
their menfolk, but that is 
probably to court accusations 
of male chauvinism. 

As for female chauvinism, I 
have to admit feat I have come 
late to fee joys of "Fascin- 
ating Aida" (Vaudeville). In 
one form or another, this three- 
woman sing-along has been 
around festivals and cabaret 
stages since the early 1980s. 

The good news is feat “Fas- 
cinating Aida" is now fascin- 
atingly better, partly due to 
some brilliant new songs, not 
the least of which is a heart- 
breaking lament by a mother 

for a child she once ignored 
and who now no longer needs 
her, another is a rueful remind- 
er that the tramps who sleep in 
boxes under the bridges of 
London have conveniently 
already nearly packaged them- 
selves for interment. 

Several other numbers 
strike me still as a little sub- 
Brel or even substandard, bur 
it’s not that often you get to 
hear a good Richard Gere ger- 
bil joke in a rhyming lyric. 

The best news of all is the 
addition to the group of the 
great and glorious and con- 
siderably eccentric Issy Van 
Randwyck. far away fee most 
exciting and exotic cabaret 
talent this country has pro- 
duced in die last decade even 
if she does happen to be a 
Dutch Baroness. And when 
did you last get a really good 
laugh from one of those ? 





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PAGE 13 

Stock Split 
Fuels IBM 

2-for-l Move Takes 
Market by Surprise 

NEW YORK — International 
Business Machines Corp.. armin g 
to give a boost to its recently 
battered stock, announced a 2-for-l 
split Tuesday that helped fuel a 
rally in one of the world's most 
widely held stocks. 

IBM, the biggest computer maker 
in the weald, said its board bad ap- 
proved the split subject to share- 
holders approving an imnpft»3f» in rts 
number of authorized common 
shares. It would mark the first rime in 

shares. It last did so in June 1^79.* 

IBM's stock, which had fallen 13 
percent since the company reported 
fourth-quarter earnings that disap- 
pointed Wall Street last week, 
bounced back, rising $5, or 2.9 per- 
cent, to $175 on the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

The move came as a surprise to 
some analysts, who had expected 
IBM to wait until the stock’s price 
passed its all-time high of $174.75 
set in August 1987. 

Still, a split is usually interpreted 
as a sign that the company believes 
its slock will continue to rise. 

“It's a good psychological 
boost,” said Phil Scbettewi. man- 
aging director at Loomis, Sayles & 
Co. John Jones, a Salomon Brothers 
analyst, upgraded his rating on 
IBM’s stoat to a ‘ ’strong buy” from 
“buy” but did not comment further. 
The company said the board had 
proposed more than doubling the 
authorized number of common 
shares to 1,875,000,000 from 750 
million It set the stock split for May 
27 to shares of record May 9. 

IBM’s stock has risen 70 percent 
in the past six months, but it 
slumped on the report released Jan. 
21 that its earnings rose 18 percent 
to $2 billion in die fourth quarter, 
amid concern about slower growth 
this year. Several analysts cut then- 
ratings on the stock. 

Despite die rally Tuesday, some 
analysts predicted that IBM shares 
would not break out of their current 
range until there were signs that the 
company’s mainframe-computer 
sales were starting to improve. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg ) 

It ^ 

•+ . n ; 

'II #S 

U — < '• 

.► > 

.. V...: 

4 * V* : 

. ’• -U.-- 

its Derrick Chenng,left, and Mehdi Bakhtiari working on a camera for National Geographic’s Natural History Unit 
Jen 13 

S National (Geographic Explores TV 

By Paul Farhi 

Washington Post Service 

month, the cameras will be- 
gin rolling on 1 ‘Stanley and 
Livingstone,” a made-for- 
TV movie for the ABC network that will 
recreate die lives of die two men who 
explored Africa and their famous meet- 
ing. What is in the movie, however, may 
not be as surprising as who is behind it: 
National Geographic Television. 

“Stanley and Livingstone” will be 
the first movie co-produced by NGT, 
heretofore known only for document- 
aries on sharks, polar bears and sundry 
other nonfiction subjects. 

NGTs first foray into the uncharted 
wilds of Hollywood does not figure to be 


its last Currently in development at 
TriStar Pictures is another National Geo- 
graphic project, “Endurance,’’ a big- 
screen dramatic adaptation of Sir Ernest 
Shackle ton’s account of his shipwreck 
and survival in Antarctica. 

Four other TV movies are in die 
works, plus a miniseries, all based on 
similar “real-life human adventures,” 
said Tim Kelly, the president of die 
television division: 

In addition, a National Geographic 
Internet site featuring articles from the 
magazine and an on-line “store” 
opened in June. At two shopping malls 

National Geographic Society 

1 995 revenue, in millions 

'*'• • • ■?*• { - V W dues 


Source: National Googmphic Society 

in the New York area. National Geo- 
graphic is testing bosks that sell books, 
maps, videos and T-shirts. 

Soon, tourists will be able to watch 
films produced by National Geographic 
and manipulate “hands-on” exhibits at 
sites near the Grand Canyon, die Ever- 
glades and other U.S. national parks. Some 
of the organization's executives are even 
talking about adding motion-simulator 
rides like those in amusement parks. 

Until recently, such brazen entre- 
preneurship was terra incognita for the 
nonprofit National Geographic Society. 
Founded in 1888, the society has long 
projected an air of detachment from die 
marketplace. From its headquarters in 
Washington, the society produced tele- 
vision documentaries as well as its fa- 
mous yellow-bordered magazine for 
about 9 million subscribers. 

Its stared mission — “the increase 
and diffusion of geographic know- 
ledge” — has been tended in dynastic 
fashion by members of die Grosvenor 

Retail Report Reignites 
U.S. Inflation Concern 

Wall Street Gives Up a 100-Point Gain 
And Falls Despite Moderate Wage Data 

family, descendants of one of the early 
presidents of the society. Alexander 
Graham Bell. 

The catalyst for change, perhaps not 
surprisingly, has crane from outside the 
family. In 1993, the society hired a 
former newspaper publisher, Reg 
Murphy, as its second-ranking executive 
and heir-apparent to the president and 
chief executive, Gilbert Grosvenor, Mr. 
Bell’s great-grandson. Since then, Mr. 
Murphy — who ascended to the top spot 
when Mr. Grosvenor retired in May — 
has revolutionized . the business side of 
the organization, moving swiftly to cap- 
italize an its upscale reputation. 

Among other things, Mr. Murphy has 
turned National Geographic’s TV unit in- 
to a for-profit subsidiary, freeing it to 
pursue lucrative production and syndic- 
ation deals with the likes of Turner Broad- 
casting, Warner Bros., ABC and NBC He 
hired John Fahey, who previously headed 
the Time-Life direct-marketing division 
in Alexandria, Virginia, to nm tte TV unit 
as partofNational Geographic Ventures, a 
new for-profit subsidiary. 

Mr. Fahey’s group now oversees an 

See MAGAZINE, Page 17 

By Mitchell Martin 

International Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — Fear overcame greed 
on Wall Street late Tuesday as a private 
retail-sales report raised inflation wor- 
ries dial had been quieted just hours 
before by government data on wages. 

Stocks ended the day slighdy lower 
after a large early rally, while long-term 
bond yields were a little lower than on 

The Dow Jones industrial average, 
which was up more than 100 points 
higher early in the day , ended down 4.61 
points at 6,656.08. The Standard & 
Poor's 500-stock index was unchanged 
at 765.02. 

The yield on the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond fell to 6.92 percent from 
6.94 percent Monday. The bond was 
priced 8/32 higher at 94 23/32. 

A benign report on U.S. employee 
compensation led to the early rises in 
stocks and bonds, but the advance was 
undone by the weekly retail-sales study 
from UR Redbook Research. The re- 
port found a73 percent increase in sales 
for last week, compared with the cor- 
responding period a year earlier. But the 
number, while higher than expected, 
reflected changes in promotions at some 
stores and New York state's experi- 
mental abandonment of its sales tax for 
the week. 

Earlier, the government’s employ- 
ment cost index, a measure of pay plus 
benefit costs, was reported to have risen 
0.8 percent in the fourth quarter and 2.9 
percent for all of 1996. That rise was 
roughly in line with analysts* estimates, 
but in recent day s there had been fears in 
the financial markets that the indicator 
would show a rise of as much as 1 
percent for die fourth quarter. 

Tie compensation report was con- 
sidered important because the Federal Re- 
serve Board is known to be watching labor 
costs for signs of inflation, which, if they 
became apparent, would lead the central 
bank to raise short-term interest rates. 

David Munro, chief U.S. economist 
of High Frequency Economics Ltd, a 
forecasting firm bleed in Valhalla, New 
York, said die wage data confirmed his 

view that the American economy was 
growing at “close to its speed limit,’' 
meaning an expansion that was not put- 
ting upward pressure on prices. 

Although Mr. Munro said the current 
environment was not a “different 
world," he said the U.S. economy 
seemed to have escaped the “boom- 
and-bust cycle” that had been prevalent 
since World War II. He said a key 
reason was that employers were being 
selective about hiring and raises. 

“Employers are continuing to hire 
and pay higher wages mostly for se- 
lected higher-skilled workers, and only 
when they will add to (he bottom line," 
he said 

Last week, Alan Greenspan, the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board chairman, told a 
congressional hearing that the central 
bank had so far not seen substantial 
inflation in American wage demands. 
Subsequently. Susan Phillips, another 
Fed governor, said the central bank was 
in a “heightened state of alert” about 
inflation, with energy prices and wages 
posing the biggest risks. 

The government data Tuesday, 
however, helped alleviate market fears 
that the Fed would vote to raise interest 
rates when its policy-setting Federal 
Open Market Committee met next week. 
The fourth-quarter rise in the employ- 
ment cost index was up from 0.6 percent 
in the third quarter, and the full-year 
figure was up from 2.7 percent in 1995. 

A private-sector report on consumer 
confidence added to the optimistic out- 
look on Wall Street. The Conference 
Board said U.S. consumer confidence 
was sharply higher in January, as its 
index rose to 116.8 from 1143 in 
December for its highest showing Oc- 
tober 1979. 

Despite the UR Redbook Research 
report. Mr. Munro said consumers 
seemed cautious about their spending, 
although a return to 1980s-style “shop- 
tiU-you-drop” consumption could pose a 
threat to the steady, low-inflation growth 
the U.S. economy was experiencing. 

Another possible problem, he said, 
would be deflation arising from bank 

See STOCKS, Page 14 

Global Private Banking 

Will IRS Buy GM’s Full-Size Loophole? 

By Allan Sloan 

WtoWwsnw Post Service 

WASHINGTON — General Motors 
Corp. spent a good part of January try- 
ing to whip upenthusiasrn for its newest 
automotive offering: the 1997 Corvette. 
But this sleek $40,000 sports car is a 
mere jalopy compared with GM’s new 
financial vehicle — the Loophole. 

If all goes as planned, the Loophole 
wiU let GM and its stockholders avoid 
about $3 billion in taxes. It is an ex- 
ample. once again, of why some of 
y America's best and brightest choose pa- 
per shuffling as their life's work. 

This ingenious — and perfectly legal 
— piece of financial engineering is de- 
signed to let GM dispose of its defense 
business for $9.5 billion without the com- 
pany or its stockholders having to pay a 
penny in capital-gains taxes. 

GM will not disclose the price at 
which it carries its defense business for 
tax purposes, but it seems to be less than 
$1 5 billion. Thus, a normal, straight- 
forward sale for $9.5 billion would pro- 
duce a profit of more tha n $8 billion. 
That would generate a tax bill of more 
than $3 billion, at GM’s combined fed- 
eral, state and local tax rate of about 40 

percent ** . . 

Enter the Loophole. Because of the 
way it works, GM argues that words 

such as “sale” and “profit” do not 
apply to this deal, in which GM’s de- 
fense business is being conveyed to 
Raytheon Co. The Loophole is designed 
to let GM dispose of its defense business 
without selling it. No sale, no gain for 
tax purposes. No gain, no tax. 

It is easy to see why GM loves the 
Loophole. If this snazzy vehicle per- 
forms, GM and its shareholders end up 
with $9.5 billion in their pockets. Without 
it, they may end up with $6J5 billion. The 
key step is one in which Raytheon, 


which is taking over GM’s defense busi- 
ness, combines with tie GM subsidiary 
that owns the business and will briefly 
become an independent company. 

The combined company will be named 
Raytheon and will be run by Raytheon’s 
managers. Technically, Hughes Aircraft 
Co., the GM subsidiary that owns the 
defease business, will borrow about $4.5 
billkm and give it to GM in return for a 
brief independence; Hughes will buy 
Raytheon by issuing Hughes Aircraft 
stock to Raytheon holders. The instant 
the deal is completed. Hughes Aircraft 
will change its name to Raytheon. 

Holders of GM’s common stock and 
its GMH stock, which is tied to GM’s 
Hughes Electronics Corp. subsidiary. 

will own 30 percent of the “new” Ray- 
theon’s shares, while existing Raytheon 
holders will own the other 70 percent. 
Raytheon takes over the $4J billion 
debt. It doesn't sound like a takeover. 

So, to fend off the tax man, GM has 
added a twist: the Raytheon shares 
owned by GM and GMH holders will 
have 80.1 percent of Raytheon's voting 
power when it comes to electing mem- 
bers of the board. That voting power lets 
GM claim that Hughes Aircraft is buy- 
ing control of Raytheon rather than 
selling out to Raytheon. 

It is not clear whether the Internal 
Revenue Service will give GM the fa- 
vorable tax ruling that it is seeking. If 
the Loophole passes, any company 
could use it to dispose of businesses tax 
free. All the seller would need is a buyer 
that was willing to lei the acquired busi- 
ness claim to be the acquirer. 

■ Slump in GM Profit 

General Motors said fourth-quarter 
profit fell 58 percent from a year earlier, 
in large part because of strikes that shut 
many of its North American assembly 
plants. The Associated Press reported 
from Detroit- The world’s largest auto- 
maker said it earned $786 million, down 
from $1.9 billion, a year earlier. 

Revenue slipped to $40.9 billion 
from $41 .4 billion a year earlier. 


Cross Rates 

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HeaJquarter* of Republic 
National Bank of .Vnr York 
iSuinro) S-A. h i Gatfia 

In private tanking, as in every tusiness, 
tkere are skort cuts. 

For example, it may make sense to some 
tanks to offer "standardized" service tkat 
meets tke needs of one and all. More or less. 

At Republic we prefer to custom-tailor 
our services, ^e assume tkat no two clients 
are exactly alike - and careful listening 
invariakly proves us rigkt 
It is wky your Repuklic Account Officer 
makes sure to oktain a precise picture of your 
financial goals, time frame, risk acceptance and 
otker key factors. He keeps tkese constantly in 
mind as ke looks after your interests. 

So year after year^ you can count on us 
for tke exceptionally complete, timely and 
personalized service tkat makes Repuklic truly 


World HaaJqmartarr of 

Republic Notional Hank of 
•Voir York in Nate York. 

Republic National Bank of New York" 

Strength. Security. Service. 

® RcpJilk Nrikul Boot N«> IVOli 


r . ' 

PAGE 14 




•“ -.-.•iSfcBttufe* -luf, 

30-Year T-Bond Yield 

— m - 

- - ' aso- 

STOCKS: Retail Report Hits Markets 

Coatinued from Page 13 ■ 
ruptcies,altfaough the fe^nciai and 

cor^mcjec^ were not pamc- ithadw«^<M re . 

ntartv vi ffiw raH^ and consumer of December. 


A S O N D J 

114 r; 

A S O N D J 












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Source: Bloomberg. Reuters 




Isnenttnaojl Herald Tribnna 


NEW YORK — Walt Disney 
Co. signaled Tuesday It might be 
willing to sell the newspapers and 
magazines it bought when it ac- 
quired Capital Cities/ABC Inc. — 
businesses that have been the target 
of speculation since the takeover. 

While annnnnring stron ge r 
profit for the final three months of 
1996, Disney said it intended to 
“begta exploring its strategic op- 
tions” for the publishing business. 

Alone with broadcasting oper- 
ations, Capital Cities/ABC owned 
the Kansas City Star, Fort Worth 
Star-Telegram and other newspa- 
pers. The $19 billion deal, agreed 
to in August 1995, also brought 
Disney such specialty publications 
as Women's Wear Daily. 

Disney has been expected to 
look for a way to get out of the 
publications business since then. 

Separately, Comcast Carp, and 
Disney’s ABC Cable Networks 
said they had agreed to acquire 
Tune Warner Inc.’s majority stake 

in E! Entertainment Television for 
$320 million. 

After the purchase, die two 
companies will hold a 68.8 percent 
stake in- the E! channel Comcast, 
based in Philadelphia, already 
owned a 10.4 percent interest. 
Comcast executives said Disney 
would hold 49 percent of die com- 

Disney also said Tuesday its 
profit rose in the most recent 
quarter, mostly on gains in its 
broadcasting operations, which 
consist mostly of ABC television 
and its TV and radio stations. 

Nee income for its first quarter, 
which ended Dec. 31. rose 51 per- 
cent to $74$ million, or $1.09 a 
share, while revenue soared 65 
percent, to$6.28 billion. 

A year earlier, the company 
earned $496 million, or 93 cents a 
share, on revenue of $3.84 billion. 
Even if profit from ABC had been 
included in the 1995 quarter, Dis- 
ney's earnings still would have 
risen 33 percent. The profit ex- 

ceeded expectations, 'and Disney's 
stock rose $1 a share to dose at 
$72,625. (AP, Bloomberg) 

* Other Earnings Reports 

Procter & Gamble Co/s 
earnings jumped 13 percent in its 
second quarter, to $944 -million 
from $836 miflion a year earlier. 

»Merck & Co. announced a 22 
percent jump in fourth-quarter 
earnings, to $1.04 billion from 
$857.8 million a year earlier. 

• MCI Communications 
C^^^^imh-^^CT^rofit rose 

• RJR-NaUscp Holdings 
Corp-’s fourth-quarter . profit 
gamed 20 peroem, to $248 miUknL. 

■ Kimberly-Clark Coip. 
chalked up fourth-quarter earnings 
of $347,1 million, reversing a loss 
of $841.7 million a year earlier. • 

• UAL Corp., the holding com- 
pany for United Airlines, saw 
fourth-quarter earnings jump 67 
percent, to $142 nnUku, from $85 
million a year earlier. 

covered this month. 

■ other -networking .ipws were 
higher after recent weakness. Cas- 

^^Cornmunicationsgave aprottt 

ft at 38i4 in active trading, while 
Cisco gained Vi to 68 %. 

Good corporate profits have been 
underpinning stock pnees. Cm 
Tuesday, Procter & Gamble joined 

Very briefly; 

Inquiry Sought on BA- American 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — Five U.S. airlines, in- 
cluding UAL Corp. 's United Airlines and Delta Air Lines Inc., 
are asking the Transportation Department for an inquiry into a 
proposed marketing alliance between AMR Corp.’s American 
Airlines and British Airways PLC. 

The airlines' letter, which was also signed by Trans World 
Airlines Inc.. Tower Air Inc. and Laker Airways Inc., said the 
United States should investigate the alliance before con- 
tinuing aviation talks with Britain, which are scheduled to 
resume next week. 

• The Securities and Exchange Commission adopted rules 
requiring thousands of banks, thrift institutions and companies 
to disclose potential losses from derivative securities. The 
rules, which will be phased in starting this summer, follow 
huge derivatives losses in recent years by companies such as 
Procter & Gamble Co. and Gibson Greetings Inc. 

• General Motors Corp. and union leaders resolved a strike 
that began Sunday at a Moraine, Ohio, plant that makes sport- 
utility vehicles. About 4 .300 union members walked off the 
job alter rejecting a tentative local contract with the automaker 
last week. 

• The National Association of Securities Dealers named 
Frank Zarb. a former head of Smith Barney Inc. who now 
leads Alexander & Alexander Inc., an insurance-brokerage 
concern, as its president and chief executive. 

• Netscape Communications Corp.’s share of the Internet 
browser software market has fallen to 70 percent from 83 
percent in August because of increased competition from a 
rival Microsoft Corp. product, a study by Zona Research Inc. 
said. The study predicted that Netscape’s Navigator would 
continue to lose market share to Microsoft’s Explorer. 

• Conrad Inc/s chief executive, David LeVan, said share- 
holders should “feel free” to sell to Norfolk Southern Corp., 
for quick cash but suggested that a rival bid by CSX Corp. was 

the best deal for Conrail. Bloomberg. AP.NYT. Bridge News 

Takeover Fever Fails to Sustain ITT 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK nr Corp.’s 
shares eased Tuesday despite ex- 
pectations that Hilton Hotels Oku. 
would increase its hostile after val- 
ued at $10 J billion for ITT, which is 
the parent of Sheraton hotels and 
Caesars World casinos. 

Hilto n Hotels offered $55 a share 
for ITT. If accepted, the offer would 
make Hfltoc the world’s largest 
hotel and casino company. Hilton 
said it would consider raising its bid 

after it had a closer look at ITTs 

Il l shares rose as high as $59.25, 
bat they closed at $56.75, down 
$1.75. The offer represents a 28 
percent premium to the Monday 
closing price of $47,875, but in 
after-hours trading ITT shares had 
soared $14.75, to $58-50. Hilton 
closed up $2375, at $27,625. 

“It isn’t going to happen any- 
where near the $55 price,” said 
Marvin Roffrnan, an analyst at Raff- 

man Miller. He said ITT would fight 
to remain independent. 

Hilton plans to start a cash tend*** 
offer of. $55 a share for half of the 
ITT shares outstanding, to be fol- 
lowed by an offer of $55 a share in 
Hilton common stock. 

Separately, ITT and its directors are 
being sued over their cool response to 
die HHton offer. Three ATI sharehold- 
ers sued in New Y ork S upreme Court 
over claims that ITT directors re- 
peatedly rebuffed Hilton’s offers. 

corporate sectors were not partic- 
ularly vnfirerawe and consumer 
debt, whtte'rismg, has not become 
worrisome. The only other potential 
factor that could derail the current 
path of economic growth, he said, 
would be an “international flare- 
up” that resulted in a debt crisis or 
energy embargo, but he said that, 
too, was unlikely. 

Against that backdrop,, with 
“reasonably dearie 5-to-10 percent 
rises” m caiprerate earnings, Mr- 
Monro said stock prices could be 
expected to rise, even though they 
were' highly fotiued bV many tra- 
ditional indicator, He added, 
however, dial of foe various valu- 
ation gauges, only tiie current mea- 
ger dividend yields were entirely 
beyond previous levels. 

- There wercsome bright spots in 
the market, such as IBM, which 
surprised investors ^announcing a 
2-for-l stock split T&fe company's 
stock had fallen 13 percent since it 
announced disappointing ear ni ngs 
last week, but tin Tuesday, ' the 
shares rose 5% to-15034. 

The rise in IBM, wtrich bas re- 
sumed its position as a market bell- 
wether after an absence of about a 
decade, was cited by analysts-as 
encomaginginvestora. .. 

Another erstwhile market leader, 
ITT Corp.. was the most active New 
York Stock Exchange issue. 

; If closed 1% lower at 5634. On 
Monday, the rival hotelier Hilton 
Hotels announced a $55-a-share 
takeover bid. News reports on 
Tuesday and the fact that the stock 
was trading above foe offer' price, 
indicated mat a higher bid was ex- 
pected. But Hil ton rise, gaining 2% 
to 27%. 

Advancing issues outpaced de- 
diners by a 7 to 5 ratio on the New 
York Stock Exchange. 

u.s. STOCKS 

■ the list, announcing income of $944 
million, or $1.35 a share, for its 
second quarter, up from $836 mil- 
lion, or $1-18 a year eariier. Ana- 
lysts bad been expecting slightly 
lower per share results. P&G's 
stock was up 234 to 11 QVIL 

American Home Products also 
advanced after announcing fourth- 
quarter earnings at the high end of 
analysts’ expiations. The stock 
was up W at 6CPA. 

Gillette rose 14 tofll Vs. Prudential 
. Securities recommended the stock. 

Computer chiptnakers rose.with 
Intel up %'« 151, Motorola gaining 
2 \A to 66 % and VLSI up # at 16. 

G ene ral Motors fell 1% at 60V6 
after the automaker's fourth- 
quarter profit fell sharply because 
of strikes that shut many of its North 
American assembly plants, but the 
results were slightly above expec- 

Minnesota Muting & Manufac- 
turing rose 1V4 to 8314 on strong 

Procter & Gamble rose 2% to 
110J4 after the consumer-product 
pant ’s profits rose 13 percent in the 
October-December quarter, beating 
expectations despite a scant in- 
crease in sales. 

Dollar Rises on Reports the U.S . Economy Stays Strong 

C aif B al brOmSefFnmDapaidut 

NEW YORK — The dollar rose 
Tuesday against die yen, helped by 
reports showing the US. economy 
remained strong with little inflation. 

Traders stumped up dollars after a 
report on fourth-quarter labor costs 
quelled inflation concerns and 
spurred rallies In U.S. bonds and 
stocks. Those gains evaporated late 
in the day after a repent on retail 
sales sparked renewed inflation con- 
cerns, pulling the dollar down from 

The dollar finished at 121.025 
yen, up from 119-575 yen Monday. 

and at 1.6474 Deutsche marks, up 
slightly from 1.6473 DM. 

Bnt the dollar dropped to 1.4280 
Swiss francs from 1.4303 francs and 
to 5.5570 French francs from 5.5573 
francs. The pound was at $1.6170, 
down from $1 .6222. 

1 ‘The employment news was very 
dollar-friendly,’’ said Fernando 
Medina, a trader at Banco Atlantico. 
“Bonds and stocks have responded 
very favorably .now that tie pres- 
sure’s off foe Fed to raise rates.” 
Foreign investors need to pur- 
chase dollars to buy U.S. securities 
such as Treasury bonds. Another 

report showing that consumer con- 
fidence jumped to a seven-year high 
also buoyed the dollar. 

The dollar has been on a tear for a 
month as investors have concluded 
that the V.S. economy and financial 


markets will keep outperforming 
those of Germany and Japan, luring 
more investors to the United States. 

“It’s still a comparative-econo- 
my thing that is pushing the dollar,” 
said Tom Hoge, corporate trader and 
vice president at the Bank of New 

Yotk, referring for differences in 
economic fundamentals that favar 
America over Germany and Japan. 
In addition, remarks by senior 

policymakers in some of the World's 

3 traders and investors tiaai 
they are not about to tty to stem the 
UJS. currency’s rise. . • • • • 

‘ Adding support tofoe 1 status quo, 
Germany’s Economics Ministry 
said the value of the mark against the 
dollar had “oonnalized’ ’ and that it 
expected no “significant” change to 
monetary policy this year. It also 
said interest rates would stay near 

-.*■ -•>- v;.--). Mil. i'MP 

their current historic lows. That fol- 
lowed remarks from German offi- 
cials and the Swiss finance minister 
Monday that fed traders to conclude 
foe countries were comfortable with 
the dollar's strength. 

“The comments have been real 
straightfbewani,'' Mr. Medina said. 
“They’re saying, ‘Hey, go right 
ahead/ ’’ regarding foe rising dollar. 

The dollar’s early gams against 
the mark were reduced as traders 
bought marks for yen. To carry out 
that trade, they sometimes sell marks 
for dollars, then sell those dollars for 
yen. - (Bloomberg, Markit News) 

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u m, m 

340 3% 3% 

11* 39% 39 

379 1* 15% 

427 *%. flj, 

*02 4% 4<Vu 

ft ft ft 

.93 9% 9% 

15 J 'Z 

i g ft 

B ? $ 

S ft ^ 

34% +•» 

im *% 

l ft 

7% _ 


17% +1% 
3W6 — % 

II -% 

7Vu tVu 
M ,1% 
3 % — % 
% — % 
7% ,*u 
9% »% 
7% *16 

lft +vE 

31% +* 

an — n 

2 +% 
ft Vitt 

4% -% 
10 % — % 
2% — % 

1 % +%l 

13% +% 
» - — % 
24. *2 

J 4 

3% *Vu 

^ za 

34% *% 

ft -s 
ft 3 

7% — % 

Dow Jones 

opm MSI Lm Lest da. 

talus *73247 *7*1.13 6*2293 *45*09 —4*7 
T tm 23265* 333135 2300J7 230221 — 1UI 
US 23*79 237.43 33*25 23470 -1.11 
Camp 2M&8I 7100*3 2072JB 3079121 — *81 

Standard & Poors 

Mgb lam On* Ckg. 
bKhistiWs 911.19 89*02 898.17 +O01 

Tramp. 56150 553*15 55*33 -Z29 

UWlte 202*0 199J4 199 J8 — OjSI 

Rnance 86*4 84JI9 85.14 4009 

SP500 77632 76US 76532 Undv 

5P1D0 760X3 74028 748*8 -050 

Cbmposit 4B7J8 401-53 482*4 HUB 

mdutriata 50*7 505.15 507 J» -831 

Tranw. 3*632 361*8 3*2*9 -IflJ 

UlBty 24614 2*2*4 204* 4-027 

Ftana 3*M 3*8*9 3647* +077 


HM Ln Lai a*. 

Compose 137820 135125 135125 — 1 J* 

Industrials 1157 A 114*49 n**« *073 

Ba*» 172128 U2S.15 132*08 +429 

mwrance 1449*5 1441*9 1M1J9 -927 

Finance 144*79 14*225 1*6425 +03 

Tramp. 89325 11*22 18*23 + 1*8 

Mast Actives 

V* Ktfi Low 

ITT Corp 119SS1 50% 5CV6 
PepsiCo s «874 X 34 
IBM 00247 154% UBH 

MtartlT era 34% 31% 
mans 590*5 a 34% 
AT 8 .TS 43887 39% 38% 
OXW3S 43524 57% 55 
WUMort 43426 13% 22% 

FrawWne 42389 38% X 
Warn 3BH1 27% 26% 
GflnBac 37908 104% 100% 
PECO 374*4 23% 22% 

VYUbS 37367 19% 18% 

GdMofr 3V78 *1% 59% 

Motorola 30238 47% 65% 


3 Qm 


Ow s 







US Rows 

VOL Hit* 
193237 *•% 
14H» 29% 
87064 71% 
8 2713 39% 
7*851 98% 
71101 153% 
44S7* 11% 
579*8 2M 
5*555 3J 
sure 71 
46340 32 
MIDI «% 
42239 25% 
29703 W'A 
39107 32% 

Lmr LOO 
«% 41 
37% 37% 

48 61% 

37% 38% 

**% 95% 
74M* 1ST 
10% 11 
25% 25% 

31% 37% 

*7% *4H 

V 29% 
44% *5% 
23% 23% 

27 27% 

29% 31% 

1 % +% 

15% *% 
4% -% 

4% +% 

Otu ♦% 
17% +% 

9% Mb 
1 % 

S ft 
ft ft 

ivw -vu 
Ih — 

10 % +% 
33% +% 

Dow Jones Band 

20 Bands 10X38 

laumnos inoffl 

10 Industrials 106.14 

Tratfing Activity 


VoL Mfh lm l ma Cho. 

«»77Jfc 76 7£%, +%, 

HraiwiO 0759 V„ %* 

E** 0480 Vu % iff Z 

H ?** 1 799P 3% SH 3% + ftj 

Edweoy 7777 IVu C% M5, — Vi, 

Vwea nw 39% 34% 31% 

lw«p 5031 11% WA ft +% 

as ssft ft ft ft 


Jan. 28, 1997 

High Lour Ocse dine Opta 


» 5*n#bum**num-ognl*oerbinhtf 

M«-97 277% V «% 274% - U I22J45 

4 Woy?7 274% 271% 272% - % 67^14 

*Vk JUI87 272% «% 270% — % QMS 

1% SW97 248 246% 244% 9J» 

-% Dec 77 2 K% 247% 2SM + % 0792 

Estsoles MA. Haii. soha 29JM 
^ Mon's optoiW 308JW oil 947 


1 ™ 100 lora- botars per wn 

MV97 Z VM 236*0 23*80 -UQ 3*747 


tm. MV 234J0 232*0 232.10 —I JO 19JO 

» A4IB97 231 JB 229 JO 229.70 -MO 3J47 

35 Sep 97 22180 221*0 2200 -0J8 2^6 

■ V5 CW97 2H50 2H50 2U50 I«4 

% EUsMes ma. Mon’s. sahs 
-% Mon's apenta 

fiaxoo lb*- arm PorBi 

1 Mar 77 2MB M.1S 24.15 -021 4*f» 

„ MOV 77 2487 BUS Z4J5 -CM 1162S 

MV M JW HB —018 KJ75 

2 AOO 77 2*32 25*2 2102 -016 2349 

2 S0P97 2140 2122 2122 -0*4 2362 

0(297 2SS0 2SA1 H50 +008 722 

n BUrto NA Man's, prits 

. 5300iwmMmum-amiiP*rtMaM 
<ftt Morn 752% 744 7*4% -5% 7*704 

- MOV 97 733 745% 744% —4 3730 

r MV 754% 741 746% -4% 32392 

J* Aug 97 749% 742 M3 —4% 4,954 

5* Sep 97 7W 712 TO — •% 131* 

* BUM MA. Man's, safes 
% Man's own w 

MW Ljw Qam Chga OpM 

High Uow Oom Chge Optot 

Wgh Law dose age Opbn 


Jin Y7 12M2 12B32 129.18 4*30 14347 JWW 7TM TJX 713 0 -4JS tm 

Sap 97 12734 12634 12750 4030 777 OtfW VM TJX W12 

rw « ur iLt mm n Dec 97 7757 7750 7750 +006 1UB6 

Mor97 91*0 *135 +025 1*710 — ! 0 jSZm njs nX JUO 70 

"Sff 3MJ £gg^TM*n.frm Wjiaaswup 7^1 

£1197 WJO 9C5D ftff +4JS Z353 *** Men's open inf off 296 

Sip 97 TttLW 10Q.T0 KttlO +108 tMM rTAUAil GOVI^IMEIKT BOND (LIFFE) _ ™ IE?™ s ZZL 

atsofes MA. Moirt-Mles 1348 - gyOBnMfcO-Mfflf JOUPCI _ 

MartopenW 303M off 734 Mw97 

Metals _ — — bin pp flu 



tSim ra*g^nj5 Sla? 401 siiilm „„ 

JonV7 13130 13075 HUl +027 9.197 Feb 97 6755 t£M 66*3 -046 25309 

' - 13130 13130 13137 4 036 200 Mor97 6631 616 6161 -030 2**98 

Apr 97 63*1 63*5 6116 -0*1 1 3372 

May 97 61*5 60.H fflLTl 40*7 5.719 

Jun97 5925 57*0 »J5 +0.17 5*51 

M97 5ft5D 5836 513* +0.17 31462 

EsLMK 61393. Ptw-Mfe* 29J57 AprW 63*9 63*5 6116 -0*3 13372 

GOLD (NCMX) Pm epuhlb 120343 BP 815 May 97 fflJK saw mil +0117 5.719 

HD Mr BOr Men par trey oz. EUROOQLLAIIS (CMBU Jw97 5925 57.S3 5SM ,0.17 5*51 

MtB ___ _ 357.10 J *4 W 5Bl50 5R36 583* +al7 JJ62 

FQb 97 35820 3ffl2D 3S1«: -170 MATS MrrM «J4 9113 93.14 +0*5 39274 Aw» SB40 58J4 5054 +8.17 3*92 

Mcr97 3512B 48 Sis n08 sal© +aSS*06 SSS 3V6 SU 6 +0.17 3*46 

APT97 360.10 354*0 355*0 -OM 56*17 ftffl OB 405'W Od97 593* +0.17 1*69 

*41 77 36UB 3S7JJ 3S7J0 -0*3 ffilHC JXB «JS S? +ftS 2 WI »■« 1*0 

AU097 36L9 3B220 26320 —070 U77 MM 92*4 9297 +005 Xjm EftMs 30716 Mon's.safes 36385 

£5 S-S SS ESI -22 ^ «« Sn +S« S*S vow e» j 

m2? 1Mn 9275 H» 92*8 +OL05 12*» tiOKT 5B&T CHUD6 rNMQO 

DecM 1 92J* tt» 92.S9 +0JH .9*05 l*WUM^dai)arop«r ttmT^ 

Mon's open W 191 255 011 4129 Est-jofes NA Mon's.safes 761352 Mar 97 24.17 23*4 21*0 -aoi b*30 

Hmwcopfwpow ■SESS&m&SSi" — &■” S" 55 as HW ? jm 

25,oi)BfeL-ceftsprb. ’ «HBnPODfC(awlJ 

OecM 91*4 «*0 »a*a 
Morrsapenint 171,255 Off 4127 iaf |^ fox Man's. soiH 


25*00 certs Mr b. ‘ Mai o+IPOPW IQB] 

tal97 111*0 10920 111.10 -0.10 2*45 

Feb 97 107*5 10690 W7*5 +QJB 2*09 UW 

Mar 97 MfiJO 105,10 10515 +021 35914 ]■££! HSi 

10*25 mm 10425 +025 1222 1*1® 1*M0 

May 97 HH 20 TUUO Has g + 0 JJ 6213 

JuofI HEL25 +025 764 E5Lntas 75A. Mon's.safes 7226 

*697 W130 100*0 101J30 +0*5 Cm JtorttoWlW *931 W 408 

Aoo 97 1^135. +M3 ser Canadian dollar «cmer> 

&IP 17 »9^ +020 2*40 in*o*aetoPfcSpvCttv«r 

Estsefes MA Morris. *fes. 6*25 Mora 7 2499 2457 2409 

MoTsopenlrt 54*19 UP 53 Jon97 2545 2510 753* 

- Sep 97 7575 25*8 2561 

a.vBB warn trecw . 2*117 jm j«© 

XWimrarcniigvirayaL Sf. safes KA Mon's.safes ‘• am 

£}* 55-2 rt Ma iftnM 5lSl Sm" 


XZV, SK? Sf2 S' 2 tSZTZZZTp? 

Mar 97 24.17 23*4 2190 -OM 82*30 

Ttorw 23*5 2335 23*2 — aaj 37 JW 

May 97 23.15 2255 2236 — 0JQ 22*63 

Mi9T 2271 22J3 2253 —up? 31*18 

33 .57? *6 V 2275 22.17 22.17 15,854 

Z3M Al»97 71.95 7L8S 21^ +0JO U*32 

vS Sen 97 21*5 7L55 2155 +£» 1MB 

7 Od 77 21 J5 21.11 Z175 tftK 

' JEfS SS ■ »» +S*3 im 

okv msu awa aua +ous 25*39 

tai« m nc a* +005 aw 

HOB 70.77 +QJK T Ml 

«*M 44» ♦*» iw 

uu MonrsooenW 348*64 up 872 

notomrn Mu>, Spar mm Hu 
MerV 2*40 JLSH 2J46 jjjSl 

APT 9? 2320 2730 2JS7 t&&9 

May97 2.155 2090 1122 SS 7 

May 97 5WJ» S5UB -8J0 SUBS gtarj?^ ABXJMl Bnl Juc97 1130 £o» 2 m 

a^s *S IS • . ® » «s ?« 

3 % 3 

WEB tain 



43919 77Wb 76 

<74 14% 14 
574 1% 1%, 

B 14% 14% 

B ’5 ft 

is r r 

353 5 4% 

'm ^ 

JS ft 

MS 30% 19% 

s a a 

s 8 fflS 

279 B% W « 
s 7V. Tfi 

J h 

1 IT SS 

9U4 3 3% 

3*1 10% Wl 

ft A f 



1114 17% 17% 

2 uv, tm 
hi in im 
n 31% SM 
w 1 % « 

ft f 

iS *u ft 
S ^ S 

™ U% 11% 
ten 34 % 34 * 

*]£ ** 

M w iS 

JU 1% T¥u 

M0 l*u 1% 

n 12 % im 

IM 13 12% 

at is% u% 
xa uth n 
362 n n 

aw jj% 13 

aoi nnfe «Wu 
W HIW ,14% 
152 Wu 14%, 

a is ft 

*& “a S 

494 1% I*u 

1MB +% 
3% +%, 
« -iff 

4 — % 

3% +» 

c = 

l -* 

? iS 

19% -% 
13% _ 


34% +% 

11 % -% 
1% -% 
. 7% +«u 

UH -% 
12 % +% 
13% — % 
36% -% 
3*%, +%t 
W% +% 

ft ts 

ft +% 

M% +% 
U% _ 
13% — % 

PVw +%, 

S ^ 
*7* :ss 
wS ?% 

18% +% 
34 — % 

W, +% 

«% +% 

n* _ jS 

$ « 
i ft 

« iss 

J2*U —VS 


1% -C 

TcM issues 
Hsar W at to . 
Mew Lorn 

ToM issues 
Hw Si 
New Lows 

J® w aS~sS^ 

ft ft 

w • 4> . ofcwi wa 

19 30 . New Lows 

■ Market Soles 

•230 322 

m 157 
736 717 


Company Per Amf Roc Pay 


HostFumSng . J4 M MB 

LLAERgwA _ .0562 2-5 2-1 4 

SmverfGAFfcld _ .10 1-Z1 1-31 


ChrtKraft a 3% 3-20 4-2 

NoribCountyBliqi „ 5% 1-31 2-28 



IBM 2 forlspBt 
US Trust 2 tael spot 

Vbo Gnxlp 1 ferOrawne spHL 

Can&flson 0 J25 2-19 MS 

OtaMy.nw O .1325 4*11 5-16 

MataRldMleug 0 JB MB 3-3 

NoffakSttna Q iS 2-7 3-10 

StMwyLond O XS 2-14 2r24 





CMS Energy 
CMS — ’ 

mi _ 

Ta mbre mfe Iwt 

xuo rm 
U72 rm 
m nv- 

S72B 572B 
17 3 13? 

» 68 

526X2 53557 

21*3 2350 

611*6 537.78 

Per Amf Rec 

a j05 2-7 : 

Q .13 307 : 
Q .27 2-4 : 
O J95 24 : 

Q X 2^8 ; 
- JS 2-12 
O JS 3-17 
Q .10 2-14 : 
Q .205 2-14 ; 
Q *6 mo : 
Q .105 MB : 
0 JR 37 ! 
0 M M2 i 

3 sm m : 

33 mo : 
9 33 2 * ; 
■Q .17 MO i 
Q .1* M3 1 

Q 325 2-25 : 

g jq » ; 

Q *8 2-7 5 
S .11 1-M ! 

Q MW t 

g jns 2 * 3 
0 M 3-3 3 


wheat mon 

SAM m mtalmuro-tams per um 
M« 97 374% 371% 373% +2 27*80 

May 97 39% 356% 359 . +3 10261 

AH 97 349% 343% 3® +3% 3078 

SeP97 351% 348 350 +3 1*88 

Estsdes NA Mon's. sales 9*n 
Atari's open W 64*60 up 1A 




FebW MJ7 ma sis SXXM5 

Apr97 67JO 6455 6457 -427 3B.2P 

*Xl97 64*1 6422 6427 +405 U466 

Aug 97 6440 OJS 64.15 +085 15*0 

00*7 <750 6445 47J2 +0*5 4J73 

Dec 97 7M5 6925 69J5 +RB 3*30 

ED. safes MA Mon's.safes 17*41 
Morn open irt 101*71 up 111 

feeder cattle (CMStj 
SUOORs-cePIBrto _ ._. 

Jan 17 69*2 mss 49 JO — 0J7 

Mar 97 UX 6*J0 *9*2 +0.17 7J21 

APT 97 027 0*8 0*5 +0.10 2*0 

May 97 7065 7U0 713* +0JW 4«D 

AvgV 7W ms XU? *0JB XXI 

Sep 97 7540 TUB 75.15 +0.97 828 

BT. safes NA Mon's.safes 17*8 
Mon'S open w 21*02 op 322 

HOas-Uee KMao 

44000 tos^eertsperi— _ 

Fob 97 77*0 7625 7627 -0J90 1*81 

Apr 97 77.10 762 7 7US ■ -065 1U66 

Jun97 BUS SU5 BOJB -867 7J29 

Julf7 7U5 78JD TSM -045 UM 

AW97 7600 740 7477 -022 1*0 

0097 BUD £760 6TJ7 -0.15 US7 

Ed. safes HA Mon'sLsatat 1391 
Man^oaenH 33*97 oR 91 

*A08B toe.- erofe Paris 
Ftt>97 1J*tt- TUB £17 -8J WB 

8U0 7MB 86W -A41 W 

Mar 97 B16S WM mj5 -422 2.MI 

Jut 97 8047 7940 7U2 -065 640 

AS 97 TUB’ »JJ 76*3 CS 

Ba. soles NA. MofASOte 3*12 
Man's open int M«8 uo 75 

Sep97 513*0 . 0840 0MB -HUB 3*43 

Dec 97 5HJB 5HUB 50UD -MO 4635 

J«9B 5»JD 9 

Ed. safes NA MafS-XSs 0236 
Mon’S oaealrt Xn^63 DP 235991 

Ed*4es NA MocTs. soles 28*0 
Mon's open ta .92*63 up 401. .. 
115 hMrns t me 100 yen 

PLATMUli (NMER) 725 mafenypn. Seer 100 ym 

tapweb-iMtortnerlraiyae. Mor0 JO» 6266 J3B7 

Jon 97 3040 35740 35740 -368 »• JUOW 4515 4380 406 

Apr 97 364*1 34840 24059 -349 19tfB2 5tP97 MX 

MV. 3B4J0 34400 3440 —268 X2» E d sa fes NA Mon'S, safes 10,900 

Oct 97 30*0 34440 34640 -280 2447 MnfSanenfed- 74*04 


wtwtf MA. Man safes LOT m o p oiuna tprfowc 

Mon^apfeiirt 2*454 UD 212 Morn JB« J999 J029 

dose . pihIoub Jm" JWB JOSS joh 

DoBanpermaMetan . Ed«4es NA BM1 %.boScs 15*0 

AfanrieofeOfWiOrafe) Mai's open Irt 53*63 UP 330 

.WJWi lfl«6 agONTHIiraUNOglpm 

Fanwri 762940 I63QJW 163940 1639% — 

2436 ?*£ MS 7.110 7*73 

Sep97 2.J20 2700 Z1X 4 S 3 

2.1M 2.105 21 S JS 

MD977 22S 2210 2255 . 4*£ 

Oec97 UTS 1345 3470 

S"L.M! a LX 2M im 

71.126 - J<5W 

run Maftopenla* 151*02 off 3774 
im, ceraspar M 

F*» 64.05 6640 6744 _gjg 14 J 90 

47J ® OJS — 04) £490 

. (SS.6S _a_sa njOQ 

.lose MoyOT 6855 68 ^® 0.17 

•■g* Junw 0*0 SS SS Ian fjES 

JS "W 65*s 6531 4£j Itro 

SyS5»2? > „JS ,,1Ls «a w» 

Mars open tnr 73*51 up sob 

V^. daAns per metric too - Us of 100 m 

2S6340 Vrfl 9133 n* IgSlUffi ^97 1%a 196M lw.~gj ??eS 

■ «5» 467% 687% 688% 

r orerer d 67640 67840 60640 69740 

Spat 7ISU0 716540 718040 729040 
Rwanl 736040 720540 73BU40 739040 

587540 583040 593040 594040 
fOTYWrt SB75M 587640 598040 5MS40 

as st8e;S'p ^3 

ged* 92*9 +2*1 TZ& itt« Kw SSS ,at50 1US 

iSff -B 5 '-Si 5 9ZS0 +ilm ajS sepm 15425 18 A 2 S is^as +£75 -Us 

fi2S tk% SS Kd + 1« Sm IgA® 18*40 18*00 +0 75 l^i 

+’ ojn WH SSS 183Js 18W S 183J5 +A 73 ’Cwo 
E 1437 3MB 

Msarn'^M^KiS^ i*79 E5tS0,es:1 ^ 43S - °wwj47455up 


+4g!i Low coat a>ge Ofriat «£S S£S- SfiS 


UST.nLLStoNBt} • Becw 

P n i M w-feeiMett 4ta* JMJ tta M*l +SM1IU9 Ann 97 wil SJKS flKi +0L05 

Mo-97 MN M90 «« + 8 JB 4*n 5SS i mm SHI *5^ SepW »» +“3 

.tariff MI2 «73 M77 +845 3*22 SS S2 kct gM.+ US'TJDB OctVT TOM SiS »“J3 +043 

Sep 97 ■ 9*0 +846 716 ESA S2 55 5“ 43*28 ^97 JUT VE? 1? -« +043 

EO.K 8 IB NA' Mol's Srtn - T*78 TzS SUL 5* +MS IM- N-I- 19*2 + 0 ™ 

m M*7 UndL 1714 txinEl - Ws Of 1400 hniwJ* J 

Simas si aneslm ■ 


ter s-s-0.--4 •’ 

u. u . 

Cl ..... 

Estsata NA Mon's, total T478 
Mot's otom int 9J03 up 561 


5101400 Mn-pb A Ifeheerm pa 

}£® * n mwt *?“ 'mS nil X Uffl ’So 

Ssfc S«W" — — 


soMRMti-raiifeegfWra avs 96 m %n oec97 — h 

Itarff 188-16 H<7-22 TW-J9 + 04 32X713 
JU077M7-2S ? 07-07 WH1 + 87 SB*29 

5CP97 W VB + 07 60 

U5TMBASUBYB0W05 tC>OT) ~ . - £& gg SS ^ «« *M« 80 S S” ■ ^ &T J: 

•®!«g^S 5 r?x.«B ss !«»*«! itesaisirs?* 

J 00 97TTO-T7 TOMB HMB + 9 X01 « 84W 9544 laS 2J& CAC0(MAT1H W 81 

Staff U9-31 MJM 6 N VW 90S 906-041 FP200 

. W-32. ■►»_**« . . fat-*0Jumfefi9J56.Cfepn ht.snnn— JOB 

M Sara ;B B ’VLEJ? i5s » » 

ffi ;«S 5S StSigS ™gj- ^ ^ 

Stock Indaxcs 


Q JO 2-12 3-1 

frriMBOtlHB ira r oMHufe l ue p wri pef 
ffHn/APte iiraf 0 ifc 0Caaadfe80arig 
ei ui to riWa g gma fei H &i S tall — u ri 

Stock ToMes Explained 

StriesfijpmaKinoadDL^ Yeakr lighB and tow nMdlhe pnitaus S3 weeks plosihBairfenr 
te* keen range and tfririendaoitatiifcrtbe new Unfess 

eitianriwnaiBri. mfesMAMaeMaia amt6(S6baneDK(0 based gnttietaiefflfocMfon. 
^rihMenriafestodra (ti.b-annoal rat* o« eWriend pks dock dMt*end.c -flrpiMonng PE anperispRcM-cciBailri* new yenrlrlpiy.M-leH In Rielaffl 2 nafiil». 
« - <M 0«10 MOkKri or paid bi preca 0 ng 12 months. I - anmnl rata tnattted an hat 
(fedonlloa. g - OrMgnri In Conadtai funds, sobjes « 1 5% noo+esUence tab i - dMdend 
d*duieriofitr3pBN>pw staekdMriemt l-Mttena poto mo mnoroM, MtmAatM 
ocfcrt taken St knot dOMend meMns- k - (Mdend declared or paU Ihb ymt, an 
aBOimNBttvc lanewBO (fivtaeod* In wrggci. n -onmral rata, redacsd an taddedmAon. 
b - new lsswlnOwpatf S2 wteSo. The hlgtHom range- bentos wffir the jtarf of ttcOng. 
nd- next ifaredeKenr-p- >n OW0*M«Kt annual itamewn-PTE-pricartamtags Rrilo. 
q-noMd-endraatatd land. r-dhMeiiddodoicdw paid biprecadfng 12 nanOifepliashck 
**hBd« -stack spot OMdend begins nfft>- sola, r-tfrideodpoldta 
stock tapeecEdtag 12 monthi nfinatsd cut) votae an ffiHSvUEnd or esHNeWiitillon dote. 
n-new 7 rarty Mats v-tnit^ haded, ri- in banknipKy or nicelwditp or being reoigonlted 

' 9** 11 1»»oed7 WW - w*ti wartantJ. X - ex-ffiWfefwl or es-rtgnK. xils - ex-dWriWritan. 

w<iHttMW WOT 0 MS.T- tadMdMd ond*atesta«iB.*M.vfeta.x-jaitain ft*. 


W metric tone - 1 per fen - 

Merff 1311 1299 1316 

May 97 051 1SE 041—9 22*83 

MV 1378 13? 1373 HO 

SepW 130 138« ■ *} « 

Decff WO .« 1C 4 3X3 

Est safes HA MkCl safes MH - - 
MariOPtakV fhtSf off 13* 

ComSECQKSe) . ... 

37*nBfe-oneeMrfeL' _• 

Mo- 97 WX. 136*0 J3W +2*0 US 
MOVV 135*5 13125 5X0 +2*5 fM 
MV 13L50 129.40 BUO +J» <g2 
Staff 12740 1X2 12651 +3J 2*37. 
EriLSOlff NA Mart, safes U.UI 
Aten's open int <j*» .up ft • 


1TZJJQ0 bUCBnbMTftt ■ ■ 

MSff iaS-S» -IM --40 SM- 

awn bus nut hlu —«£ nm 


0077 MM 5W 2W.4B 17*99 

•&J.*oIb- NA HiSfl 

Aten’s open Ini 157*33 off 3R 

^SS ; nir52‘ sa S, 1 8ww »*VKfe* — ^ 

PltOR OMATlS ^ Mnv Sj m3 mS Zfu 10,1 ” 

— B " 


17-AAi PSpfekfeHl MM 

■ 2ST5? M iSSSSS BSAmjSL * g\aL** ^ 

Decff 108-32 + 0 4*49 

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Bonn s Optimism on Joblessness Is Disputed 

Investor’s Europe 

®y John Schmid 

Iwrnaiidnal Herald Tribune 

«d P^vaie 

back in line, Mr . ^ Rexrodi urged. The labor April or May. after die winter fades and allows 
w!Qg or Mi\ Kohl ‘s Christian Democrats, led seasonal labor disruptions to subside. Mr. 
oy Labor Minister Norbert Blueoa. has joined Rexrodi said. A relatively soft Deutsche mart; 
unions and opposition politicians in faulting should propel exports, the main engine of eco- 
tne government's tax-reform proposals. At nomic recovery, which are to grow an es- 
tbe same time, some of the hardiest con- rimared 6.4 percent this year, according to the 
d f mr i| t ?ti n j Tuesday of the pension reform report, up from 4.6 percent in 1996. Low 
plan drafted by Mr. Bluem similarly emanated interest rates and low inflation add to the re- 
nxnnwithin the coalition. covety scenario, according to the report. 

We can only meet our goals by per- But Mr. Rexrodt’s goal of driving unem- 

ccononusts said the government 'c the coalition. covery scenario, according to the report, 

umxast of a midyear 4 •turnaround’ ’ in ■— . 080 9“^ meet our 8°^ by per- But Mr. Rexrodc’s goal of driving unem- 

market amounted to wishfiil thinkinE 106 J ° D c ^ n y’ n g out the reforms.” said Mr. ploymenr back below 4 million is improbable 

As Economics Minister Guenter Kexrodt “Unfortunately the recognition of because investment remains sluggish, said 

presented its annual economic j neccssit y for such reforms is not yet Juergen Donges, a Cologne University pro- 

ponents launched new attacks onrivT*. 0 * 3- a 7 e S“ ate ^y developed. Reforms are unpop- fessor and a member of the government coun- 
emment’s two most critical utobecause they threaten entitlement. ” cil of economic advisers, 

economy-boosting initiatives- 1 taxirfl...?. m government’s report, titled “Ref aims "I can seen no quick solution that would 

a concurrent overhaul of th^ . d tor Jobs.’ ' predicts unemployment wili hit an lead to a clear retreat in unemployment in 

payer-funded retirement system 811011 3 t8X ~ ic*vf^ e up from 3.9 million in 1997, unfortunately," Mr. Donges said. 

Against a backemimd *. . 1996, increasing the unemployment rate to 11 The opposition Social Democrats said the 

daily criticism. *««« Percent- starementslfowed unfounded optimism, 

main threat to his economic j . Employment at the end of the year in both “Indebtedness has gone up 20 percent, the 

from “constant discussion d^Eart and West will be higher than at die end jobless numbers have risen; the optimism 

that dogged the eovemmJc S? 199 ?* d* 5 unemployment lower," Mr. expressed by the 1997 annual economic re- 
last year Germany wilt ** exro< k said- The revised outlook now sees a port is unfounded," Ernst Schwanhold. the 

gloM c^SS fit for deficit of 2.9 percent of gross domestic Social Democrat spokesman said in a radio 

nTbSTS? *° P^duct, im from aTearfier forecast of 23 broadcast 

minister said senerous welfare state, the percent and precariously close to the 3 percent Because tax reform does not take effect 
OoDoncntc nf >hru?a _ . ... . _ required to join the European union's until 1999, “nothing happens for two years," 

cell^el^ planned single currency. he charged. “We S^Tdynamism in the 

Helmut KoU s coaUuon should get The jobSuket turmround should come in economynow.” 

“I cannot see that the labor-market situ- 
ation will turn around anytime soon." said 
Thomas Mayer, an economist in Frankfurt at 
Goldman Sachs. 4 ‘There is a considerable 
amount of wishful thinking." 

Michael Lewis of Deutsche Bank agreed 
that unemployment would peak by midyear 
but said any improvements would be slight. 
“The actual level will remain high rather than 
falling significantly." Mr. Lewis said. 

■ Some Urged to Sit Out Euro Launch 

Germany played down expectations that 
Europe's single currency would begin with a 
big starting lineup in ] 999. urging szricr com- 
pliance to convergence goals to ensure that the 

Frankfurt '■ 
DAX. . 





2450 A SON 

■ London 
' FTSE 100 
^ 4180 
4020 V 





adequa tely developed. Reforms are unpop- fessor and a member of the government coun- Europe's single currency would begin with a 
“l^^becausethey threaten entitlement” cil of economic advisers. big starting lineup in 1 999. urging szricr com- 

Toe government’s report, titled “Reforms "I can seen no quick solution that would plTance to convergence goals to ensure that the 
for Jobs,’ ' predicts unemployment wili hit an lead to a clear retreat in unemployment in euro is stable. Reiners reported from Bonn. 
a ^^g e of 4 . 16 million, tip from 3.9 million in 1997, unfortunately," Mr. Donges said. Juergen Stark, state secretary at the Finance 

1996, in creas ing tire unemployment rate to 11 The opposition Social Democrats said the Ministry and a hard-liner on monetary union, 
percent from 10.3 percent. statement showed unfounded optimism. said some aspirants should forsake the 

a ^^g e of 4 . 16 million, up from 3.9 million in 1997, unfortunately," Mr. Donges said. 
1996, in creas ing tire unemployment rate to 11 The opposition Social Democrats sail 
percent from 10.3 percent statement showed unfounded optimism. 

‘‘Employment at the emlofthe year in both “Indebtedness has gone up 20 percen 

the East and West will be higher than at the end jobless numbers have risen; the optimism 
of 1996, and the unemployment lower," Mr. expressed by the 1997 annual economic re- 
Rexrodt said. The revised outlook now sees a port is unfounded,” Ernst Schwanhold. the 
budget deficit of 2.9 percent of gross domestic Social Democrat spokesman said in a radio 

product, up from an earlier forecast of 23 
percent and precariously close to the 3 percent 
level required to join foe European Union's 
planned single currency. 

The job-market turnaround should come in 

itement showed unfounded optimism. said some aspirants should forsake the 
•‘Indebtedness has gone up 20 percent, the prestige of joining the economic and monetary 
iless numbers have risen; the optimism union at the outset and should watch from the 
expressed by the 1997 annual economic re- sidelines until they were ready to join, 
port is unfounded," Ernst Schwanhold. the “There are members whose economic 
Social Democrat spokesman said in a radio structures are not yet well enough prepared to 
broadcast. part," Mr. Stark said at a conference of 

Because tax reform does not take effect German newspaper editors near the capital 
until 1999, “nothing happens for two years," Even some countries that qualify on paper 
he charged. “We need a dynamism in the “would be well advised to maintain exchange- 
economy now.” rate flexibility for a certain period,” he said. 

Amsterdam ‘ 
Brussels ' ; 

Oado. ■ 
London ' - 

Paris r 

Zorich- -. • . 

Source: Tetekvrs 




Stock Martel 
HEX General 
OBX ' 
FTSE 100 
.Stock Exchange 



1997 1996 1997 ' 

Tuesday Prev. % 

Close Close Change 

683.18 682.48 +0.10 

2,050.44 2,043.99 +0-32 
2£8&33 2,994.53 -0.17 
505.24 503.87 +0.27 

2,735.99 2,707.23 +1-06 
57334 571,67 +0.4Q 

A237.40 4*812.00 +0.60 
46847 4S&20 +1.80 

12*480-00 12.379.00 +0.82 
2,482.75 2,435.17 +1.95 
&79&6S 2,678.31 +1.07 
1,172.94 1.17&21 -0.19 
2»67&J67 2,642^1 +1.29 

lMrmjiH<ni] Herald Tnhonr 

Siemens Profit Drops 
As Chip Prices Falter 

A Mitsubishi Debut, Italian Style 

Japanese Firm and Pirunfarina to Make Sport-Utility Car 

Bloomberg News 

MUNICH — Siemens AG said 
Tuesday that net profit in its first 
quarter fell 5 percent despite a jump 
in new orders and improved do- 
mestic sales. 

Siemens, Germany’s largest elec- 
tronics and engineering company, 
said net income for the quarter that 
ended Dec. 31 fell to 478 million 
Deutsche marks (,$290 million) 
from 503 million DM because of 
declining prices for memory chips. 
Although Siemens shares closed at 
78.78 DM. up 0.20, large investors 
say the company has not done 
enough to increase profit 

“We underweight the shares and 
will continue to underweight them 
because of the low earnings.” said 
Peter Roemer, a fund manager at 
The Germany Fund. 

“The company hasn't done 
enough restructuring to compete in- 

But another analyst. Piene Drach 
of Independent Researdi, said the 22 
percent jump in new orders and bet- 

ter- th an-expected 6 percent increase 
in domestic sales in the latest quarter 
offered hope for a turnaround, 

New orders in the first quarter- 
rose to 27 billion DM from 222 
billion DM. Sales improved to 20.9 
billion DM from 19.7 billion DM. 
International sales were also im- 
proved, in part by a stronger dollar, 
Siemens sard. 

■ German Bank Dividends 

Deutsche Bank AG and Com- 
merzbank AG, two of Germany’s 
largest commercial banks, an- 
nounced separately that they would 
keep their 1996 dividends un- 
changed, news agencies reported 
from Frankfurt. 

Deutsche Bank, die country’s 
largest, said it would pay a regular 
dividend of 1.85 DM a share. Com- 
merzbank announced a dividend of 
1.35 DM a share. 

Commerzbank shares feD 1.40 
DM to 42.40; Deutsche Bank shares 
closed at 8330, down 1 .85. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 

Coopted by Our Sue?™* Ddpacha 

TOKYO — Mitsubishi Motors 
Ccsp- matting the first foray into 
Italy by a Japanese carmaker, said 
. Tuesday it would invest 20 billion 
yen ($167.9 million) in a project to 
produce a Mitsubishi brand sport- 
utility car in that country. 

Mitsubishi said the project, part 
of an eight-year agreement with In- 
dustrie Pininfarina SpA, would 
build a new sports- utility model 

The cars are to go on sale in the 
spring of 1999 through Mit- 
subishi's European sales network 

About 35,000 ofthe vehicles are 
to be mark* at Pininfarina's Turin 
plant for Mitsubishi, which will 
handle most of the design and 
pl anning. But Pin infari na will ad- 
vise Mitsubishi on the design of 
die vehicle and will invest about 2 
billion yen in the project, Mit- 
subishi said. 

Mitsubishi Motors' investment 
will indude 2 billion yen to raise 
Pininfarina’s assembly-line capa- 
city from a range of 35,000 to 

40,000 vehicles to more than 

60.000. the Italian automaker said. 
Ptninfi irina already makes luxury 
and sports cars for Fiat SpA, PSA 
Peugeot Citroen SA and Alfa-Lan- 
da SpA- Mitsubishi Motors* chair- 
man, Hirokazu Nakamura, said he 
visited Pininfarina’s car factory 30 
years ago and had hoped ever since 
then to do business with the com- 
pany eventually. 

Mitsubishi also said it aimed to 
raise its European sales of Mit- 
subishi brand cars to 330,000 a 
year by 2000 from the current 

220.000. It said about half the pro- 
jected sales would be of cars made 
m Europe. 

Mitsubishi Motors said its ex- 
isting car-production link with 
Volvo AB would not be affected 
by the agreement with Pirunfarina. 
Those two automakers are also 
holding talks about selling each 
other's trucks in Europe and Asia. 

Mitsubishi already sells its Pa- 
jero in Europe’s rapidly growing 
market for sport-utility vehicles. It 

sold 38,460 of the vehicles last 
year, all of them made in Japan. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 

■ VW’s *% Deliveries Rise 

Volkswagen AG, profiting from 
a gamble on international sales, 
said its global deliveries climbed 
to nearly 4 million vehicles in 
1996. making it the fourth-largest 
carmaker in the world, Reuters re- 
ported from Frankfurt. 

VW said worldwide vehicle de- 
liveries rose to 3.97 million units 
from 336 million in 1995, giving it 
10 percent of the global passenger- 
vehicle market, compared with 9.4 
percent in 1995. 

Higher sales abroad, including a 
41 percent gain in Eastern Europe, 
were offset by a meager 2.6 per- 
cent increase in sales in Germany, 
even as total German vehicle sales 
rose 5 percent. Prospects fra 1 1997 
will depend on the launch of the 
new Golf car as well as other new 
products and on marketing efforts. 
VW officials said. 

Very briefly: 

• Imperial Tobacco PLC said it bought Rizla International 
BV, the world’s biggest producer of hand-rolling tobacco 
papers, for £168 million ($2773 million) cash in a bid to 
broaden its presence beyond Britain. 

• Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette Inc. said it would buy the 
Phoenix Group Ltd., a British financial advisory and in- 
vestment management group, to build an investment banking 
business in Europe and the Far EasL 

• Hanson PLC said its Energy Group would be spun off on 
Feb. 24 in a demerger in which Hanson shareholders will 
receive one Energy share for every 10 Hanson shares held. 

• Olivetti SpA's shares fell 5 lire, to 650 lire, on Tuesday after 
falling earlier in the day as much as 3.7 percent as pessimism 
grew m the market about the group's preliminary results for 
1996, which are due to be announced late Wednesday. 

• KirchGruppe’s DFl digital TV network can continue to be 

marketed throughout Germany, a Hamburg coun ruled, DFl 
reported. The decision overrules an injunction obtained by the 
pay TV c hanne l Premiere that had banned DFl from dis- 
tribution outride Bavaria. Bloomberg, Reuters. AFX 

Novartis Sees Flat Profit 


ZURICH — Novartis AG, the pharmaceutical giant formed 
through the merger last year of Ciba-Geigy AG and Sandoz 
AG. reported 1996 sales Tuesday that were in line with 
expectations but forecast flat profit. 

Novartis said it had sales last year of 3623 billion Swiss 
francs ($25.61 billion), compared with a total of 35.94 billion 
francs for Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz in 1995. The combined 
1995 net income of Ciba and Sandoz was 42 billion francs, 
and Novartis said it would be about the same for 1996. 


~ — — •— 1 ■ r • -tf r*w -tw - n'tnr till - 

C1TIC Acquires 20% Holding in China Light 

Investor’s Asia 

Bloomberg News 

HONG KONG — OTIC Pacific LtdL 
China’s largest investment company in Hone 
Kong, said Tuesday it would acquire a 20 
percent stake in the territory's bigeest power 
utility, China Light & Power Co., for 1635 
bmion Hong Kong dollars (S2. 1 billion). 

The purchase marks the latest attempt by a 
Chinese company to gain more control over 
British colony’s important industries. 
More mayfollow as Hong Kong prepares to 
retu rn to Chinese sovereignty July 1 . 

‘CHIC and China Light mav onlv bm 

“They, could join hands in future infra- Hong Kong’s aviation industry by increasing 
structure projects in China,’* said Bee Lim, its yka in Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd. 

an analy st at Asia Equity Ltd. Some investors are speculating that Hong 

erne Pacific said it had agreed to bay Kong Telecommunications Ltd., controlled 
about 500 million new shares that China Light by London-based Cable & Wire less PLC, 

Group Ltd. 

The CmC-Oiina Light nHimyw aly, may 
speedthe utility company's expansion m China 
as demand for electricity in Hong Ko ng wanes. 
Hong Kong’s shift away from such manu- 
facturing industries as textiles m»iTrc rfwtf 
China Light can now produce 50 peroem more 
electricity than it can sell in this city of 63 
million people, but the power industry is boom- 
ing across much of die rest of Asia. 

For cmc, China Light brings expertise 
in an industry poised far growth in China. 

is offering in a two-part sale at 32.66 dollars 
each. The new shares are equal to 25_pexcent 
of China L ight' s shares outstanding. The Mle 
wifi mean CT3TC wifi end up with 20 percent 
of China Light 
The utmty com- ~~ 
pany’s shares ended The purchase 
the day unchanged at r • , 

33.70 dollars, one more control 

SS?"- key Hong Ki 

After the share sale. 

liars wifi be its next objective. OTIC already 
cent owns 8 percent of Hong Kong Telecom, ana 
sale investors have speculated for months that the 
cant China-backed company wil! raise its stake. 

Shares in Hong 

The purchase gives China 
more control over another 
key Hong Kong company. 

Kong Telecom closed 
at 1330, down 0.45. 

cmc Pacific may 
have been attracted to 
China Light by its re- 
latively low share 
price. The stock fell 8.4 

OTIC said, China Light wfil appoint OTIC percent last year, compared with a 21 percent 
Pacif ic '8 chairman, Larry Yung, to its board, rise in the Hang Seng Index, and the com- 
ClTfC said it considered its interest in China pany’s profit fell 15 percent in the year that 
Light “a long-term investment” and would ended in September, to 4.84 billion dollars, 
not sell the shares for at least three years. It its first-ever profit decline. 

saw erne’s $815 millio n investment in 
April 1996 in Cathay Pacific Airways, Hong 
Kong’s main airline, as an example of die 
Chinese government forcing CTffC to in- 
crease its stake in a strategic Hong Kong 
industry. They, too, said Hong Kong Tele- 
comwould be next 

CmC managers say Beijing has no in- 
fluence over tfaezr corporate strategy of ex- 
panding in China’s mfrastructure, aviation 
and telecommunications industries. They 
underscored dial independence last month 
by buying a 15 percent stales in the six-year- 
old company from its parent, China Inter- 
national lYust & Investment Corp., China's 
largest investment company. 

But a cash-only purchase of China Light 

would pose a financial challenge for CmC, 
as the utility company’s market value is close 

said it intended to work with China Light to “It’s just another example of CTZIC tak- 
secure power projects in China and else- mg a large investment m a Hong Kong 
where. In an earlier sign of its plan to inc rease compan y just for tfac sake of having a China 
control over the Hong Kong economy, CUT- company doing it," said Kent Rossiter, a 
IC last year broke a 48-year British hold on salesman at Nikfco Securities. Some analysts 

to CmC Pacifie s 84 b allion dollars. Some 
traders speculated that OTIC may pay for 
thepmehase in part with shares. 

to start building a $23 billion 8 coaLfire§ 
power plant in northern China this year and 
wants to build a gas-fired power plant across 
the border in Shenzhen. 

Trading-Tax Curb Buoys Tokyo Stocks Beijing-Paris Space Accord 

AFX News 

l TOKYO — Share prices rose 
^ sharply Tuesday after Prime Min- 
ister Ryutaro Hashimoto announced 
plans to abolish a tax on share trad- 
ing by 2001 as part of a government 
overhaul of the financ ial system. ' 
“With regard to liberalization of 
commissions and the abolition of the 
securities transaction tax, I have 
handed the comprehensive list of 
reforms of the financial system to the 
finance minister,” Mr. Hashimoto 
told the budget committee of the 

Japanese Parliament’s lower house. 

“By talcing orderly steps,” he 
said, he hoped to implement the 
measures by 2001 “at the latest." 

Brokers said sentiment on the 
Tokyo stock exchange was buoyed 
by Mr. Hashnnoto’s pledge to ab- 
olish the transaction tax, currently 
031 percent of a trade’s value. 

The Nikkei 225 index closed with 
a gain of A6l.S7_pants, or 2.1 per- 
cent , at 17,7963/ after recovering 
from a low for the day of 

“The market entered a sharp re- 
covery after Hashimoto ’s remarks,” 
a broker at Driwa Securities who 
not to be identified by nam^ 


“This kind of remark on the se- 
curities transaction tax is most 
favored by market ^participants, and 
the market is reacting positively. ” 
But Harushige Kobayashi at Ya- 
maichi Securities said mat although 
corporate investors bad bought, 
blue-chips shares, “the market is 
still prone to volatile movement.” 

Agence France-Presse 

■ BEIJING — China and France initialed a framework agreement 
Tuesday allowing for cooperation in the transfer of technology far 
space travel 

The agreement was initialed in the present* of France’s minister of 
posts, tftiecommumcations and space, Francois Jfflcn, and the president 
of China’s State Commission for Science and Technology, Song Jian. 

The accord “provides the basis for a true strategic partnership 
among France, Europe and China," Mr. HUon said. 

The accord, details of which were not made public, wifi provide for 
a transfer of technology for space travel, including manned flights, the 
French minister said. Its final signing is expected to take place in May 
during a planned visit to China by President Jacques Chirac. 

MAGAZINE: National Geographic Branches Out to Explore the Lucrative Territory ofTelevision 

Continued from Page 13 

expanding multimedia factory that is pro- 
f during maps, compact disks, the National 
Geographic Web site and television pro- 

Business executives such as Mr. Murphy 
speak proudly about die magazine's “brand 
equity, the halo of trustworthiness that may 
make consumers more likely to buy other 
products sporting the National Geographic im- 
primatur. The magazine, m fact, landed at the 
top of a recent Equi trends Inc. survey of per- 
ceived quality among media organizations. 

“For an organization like this, we’re mov- 
ing pretty rapidly,” Mr. Murphy said. "If this 
were the business world, I doubt people would 
think this is rapid, but with an institntion like 

this, change usually comes slowly, and 
change is jarring." 

Staffers at the magazine worry that the new 
exuberance for zneK&an&sing the National 
Geographic “brand equity” creates an in- 
evitable conflict, forcing die organization to 
choose between its capitalist appetites and its 
editorial integrity. 

“There’s a feeding frenzy to exploit our 
quality, ” one staff member said. ’"They want to 
suck everything oot of our name that they can. 
It’s a shortsighted policy that says, ‘Get die stuff 
out there while people still trust us.’ " - 

He added: “My problem is the way they 
look at content Who is controlling the ed- 
itorial process? Are the administrators and the 
marketers and the salesmen going to be al- 
lowed to control how we create things around 

here, or is it the other way around?” 

Mr. Grosvenor, who remains chairman of 
the society’s board of trustees, responded that 
it was possible for the business and editorial 
sides to peacefully coexist, indeed to thrive. 

“We all have to roll with the times, "he said. 
“I’m sure there was a time back in die dark 
ages, 25 years ago, when people thought we 
were crazy to get into TV documentaries. Well, 
we demonstrated what we can do with TV, and 
well prove it again” with other ventures. 

As a whole, the society is in enviable fi- 
nancial shape. In 1995, the last year for which 
public records are available, it generated “ex- 
cess” revenue (the equivalent of profit) of 
$23.8 million. While that is a relatively small 
return an its $422.6 million in revenue, the 
society had $509 million socked away in 

Sowce: Tetekurs 

In terna tional Herald Thbvnc 

highly liquid securities and repeated total as- 
sets of $7293 million. 

Unlike chief executives in private enter- 
prise; Mr. Murphy does not have to be con- 
cerned about keeping his stock mice up or 
paying dividends. His overall goal, he said, is 
to increase the amount of money the society 
gives each year to its research, exploration 
and education programs, currently about $14 
minio n. That, he said, requires both cutting 
costs and generating revenue. 

Finally, Mr. Murphy said the society's three 
magazines — which accounted for about half 
of its revenue last year — have not even begun 
to tap the vast non-Fziglish-speaking world. 
There Is only a Japanese-language edition of 
National Geographic, with a Spamsh-language 
version possible by year-end. 

Very briefly; 

• Australia’s budget deficit will swell by 3 billion dollars 
($23 billion), to 8.5 billion dollars, in foe year ending June 30, 
because of 1 o wer-than -expmed corporate tax revenue, a 
declining inflation rate and higher unemployment, Peter Cos- 
tello, foe nation's treasurer, said. 

• Thailand said it had a budget deficit of 53.7 billion baht 
(52.08 billion) in the fourth quarter of 1996. 

• Jardine International Motor Holdings Ltd. said Simon 
Keswick, a member of the company’s founding family, would 
step down as chainnan effective Saturday and be succeeded by 
Anthony Nightingale, who is chainnan of Jardine Pacific Ltd.; 
Richard Lee will retire as chief executive and be succeeded by 
Peter Ward, until recently chairman at Cunard line. 

• Japan’s Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications said it 
planned to abolish restrictions on foreign investment in cable- 
television ventures. 

• Hitachi Tool Engineering Ltd, will merge Ocl 1 with 

Uozu Manufacturing Co. and two smaller industrial-tool 
makers, Yoneda Toolworks Ltd. and a subsidiary. Yoneda 
Kyushu Ltd. All four companies are affiliates of Hitachi 
MLetals Ltd. Bloomberg 

U.S.-China Talks 
On Textiles Start 


BEDING — U.S. and 
Chinese officials made a pro- 
ductive start Tuesday in textile 
trade talks that are the last 
chance to reach a deal before a 
Friday deadline, said foe top 
U.S. negotiator, Rita Hayes. 
The officials met fra 1 the first 
time in three days of talks. 

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Degussa on Research and Development 



Progress never 


The automobile indus- 

An important element 

cent. And the fact that it is 

rry has pulled all the scops 

of this tyre concept is the 

perceptibly quieter as 

to develop new technolo- 

combination of silica with 

well is something we do not 

gies and solutions that 

carbon black and organosi- 

mind saying out loud. 

translate into even greater 

lane — all three are products 

For Degussa, it ail 

economic and environ- 

supplied by Degussa. 

began with gold and silver. 

mental benefits. 

And what tyre manu- 

Today, we shine in many 

And Degussa is part 

facturers are rolling out is 

more fields. 

of it. We are working 

nothing short of squaring 

together with leading tyre 

the circle. With up to 30 

manufacturers to put some- 

percent less friction whilst 

thing on wheels tothy char 

enhancing grip, stability 


will satisfy the require- 

and durability, the so-called 

ments of tomorrow’s tyre 

•green tyre* improves fuel 
economy by almost 5 per- 




*.PAGE 18 



PAGE 19 



The More, the Merrier 

The Europe of the future belongs ineluctably to the polyglots. 

T he French consul vis- 
iting the agricultural 
show in Valencia, 
Spain, was puzzled. Why 
were so many visitors 
flocking to the Dutch stand 
and so few taking a look at 
the equally splendid irriga- 
tion equipment on display 
at his own counhy’s exhibi- 
tion space? 

“He quickly discovered 
the reason when be popped 
across to examine the 
Netherlands’ offering more 
closely,” says Jean-Marcel 
Lauginie, president of a 
French-based association 
called APFA (Actions pour 
Promouvoir le Franjais des 
Affaires). “The French 
exhibitors had labelled 
everything in English. 
Their Dutch competitors 
had provided comprehen- 
sive information in the 
regional Valencian tongue 
as well as in Castilian 

As Europe moves toward 
unity, what does the future 
bold for the rich diversity of 
languages spoken by its 
many peoples? 

On one level, English 
continues to tighten its grip 
as the lingua franca of inter- 
national meetings. At the 
other end of the scale, 
regions wi thin European 
nations are asserting their 
local identities and lan- 
guages. Between the two, 
Europe’s biggest countries 
strive for formal recogni- 
tion of their national 
tongues within the 
European Union. 

Germany, for instance, 
recruited professional lob- 
byists when it wanted to 
secure greater recognition 
for the German language in 
the work of the EU institu- 
tions. The United Kingdom 
disseminates information 
and entertainment in 
English overseas through 
the British Council and the 
BBC’s World Service radio 

Language experts from 
Spain (and Latin America) 
have been cooperating on a 
project to harmonize 
Spanish usage, and the 
Institute Cervantes pro- 
motes the learning of 

Spanish around the world. 

“Europe is a multilingual 

society, and we have to 
learn to live and work in 
that dimension,” says 
Gordon Shenton, dean of 
academic programs at the 
Lyon Graduate Business 
School. “Eng lish is impor- 
tant, buz it is certainly not 
enough. For example, 
German is recovering influ- 
ence in Centra] and Eastern 
Europe,” he adds. 

At the same time, many 
of Europe’s regions are 
asserting a rediscovered 
pride in their local cultures, 
traditions and languages, 
and several are pressing for 
greater local autonomy. 
Catalan, Gaelic and Saxdn 
are some examples. 

European political trends 
and the burgeoning of 
information technologies 
that make it economically 
feasible to communicate 
and publish for smaller 
audiences and readerships 
are two of the main factors 
contributing to such move- 

Michael Rowe 

Learning Al Fresco 

It may be easier to study at the seaside than in a classroom. 

The Multimedia Method 

M ultimedia has 
opened up new 
horizons for lan- 
guage learning, making 
possible interactive study at 
home through the use of 
CD-ROMS or the Internet 
The advantages over tradi- 
tional book learning are that 
interactive learning can pro- 
vide immediate audio 
response and can be updat- 
ed much faster than bodes. 
It is available in any loca- 
tion, no matter how geo- 

ly remote, where a 
variety of language 
courses might not be. In 
addition, looking up the 
meaning of a word becomes 
child's play with dictionar- 
ies on CD-ROM. 

While the potential of the 
Internet for language teach- 
ing is great, the content may 
not yet live up to expecta- 
tions. Some courses are 
very basic, and many Web 
sites that claim to be teach- 
ing tools are actually selling 

“Muuilinguxljsm in Europe” 
was prepared in Us entirety by the Advertising Department 
of the International Herald Tribune. 

Writers: Heidi Ellison and Michael Rowe, 
both based in Paris. 

Program Director: Bill Mahder. 


Worldwide connections 

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other language training 

Web sites that are worth 
checking out are those of 
International Language 
Development (http7/www., 
which offers 20-lesson 
interactive courses in 
French. Spanish, German, 
Japanese. Korean and Rus- 
sian, and Fortran Language 
Systems (http://www.fact- for 
Japanese. Web searches can 
be conducted through the 
Maricopa Center for 
Learning and Instruction 
Expolangues, the annual 
Pans language fair, also has 
a Web site (httpy/expo- 
languesjeed-oipir). ELE. 

Expolangues Fetes 
15th Anniversary 

E xpolangues, the yearly language fair, will be cele- 
brating its 15th year of spreading the good word in 
many tongues at its 1997 session, to be held from 
Jan. 29 to Feb. 2 al the Grande Halle de la Villette in Paris. 

In addition to 350 stands representing language schools, 
universities, laboratories, translation and interpretation 
companies, computer companies, national governments, 
tourism offices, travel agencies, cultural centers and pub- 
lishers, Expolangues will be spotlighting the linguistic, 
cultural ana geographic diversity of this year’s guest coun- 
try, Canada. The 80 languages spoken in the country 
include 53 little-known native languages such as Inuktitut, 
Naskapi, Cri, Atikamekw and Montagnais. A nation with 
two official languages, English and French, Canada is a 
world leader in methodologies and technologies for the 
teaching and translation of languages. 

Culture will play a big role at the trade fair, whose 
International Festival of Cultures will feature 25 perfor- 
mances of music and dance. Some 100 conferences will be 
held, on topics ranging from multimedia to translation. 

Multimedia technologies will be on display in an 800- 
square-meter (957-square-yard) space. Some 50 
exhibitors, including software designers and manufactur- 
ers , will present their language-learning methods. In addi- 
tion, a Cybercafe with 1 0 multimedia posts will allow vis- 
itors to explore language courses on the Internet with 
experts on the subject (http^/expo 

Expolangues wm be open to trade professionals on Jan. 
29 from 9:30 AM- to 9 PM. and to the general public Jan. 
30 to Feb. 1 from 10AM. to 7 PM. and on Feb. 2 from 10 
AM. to 6 PM. Some 35,000 visitors are expected to come 
from 20 countries, representing 50 languages. 

Heidi FUlknn 

L earning a new lan- 
guage is hard work. 
So choosing a course 
in a place that mixes a 
relaxing, sun-drenched set- 
ting with top-quality 
instruction can make practi- 
cal sense as well as being 
more fun. 

Mean-minded bosses and 
jealous partners may take a 
different view, but language 
schools are happily cashing 
in by offering language 
teaching at beautifully situ- 
ated centers throughout 
Europe’s Mediterranean 
sunbelt- These reach from 
the Costa del Sol m Spain 
through the Cdte d’Azur in 
France to the scented hill- 
sides of Italy and the 
ancient island state of 

“One of our most recent 
developments is the launch 
of a Spani sh- 1 anguage pro- 
gram for retired people who 
want to do something 
active with their lives,” 
says marketing director 
Bob Burger at the Malaga- 
based MaJaca Institute, in 
the southern Spanish region 
of Andalusia. “We are con- 
vinced that this type of 
product will become ever 
more popular as European 
integration continues and 
well-off sections of the con- 
tinent's growing pensioner 
population choose to travel 
more and to live in different 
countries,” he explains. 

ratering to all tastes 
Andalusia offers a wealth 
of beautifully situated 
Spanish language schools, 
catering to all "tastes and 
ranging from summer 
classes for high school stu- 
dents to eyebali-ro-eyebah 
confrontations for linguisti- 
cally challenged execu- 

For example, die Bstudio 
International S ampere runs 
a branch in the small 
coastal town of El Puerto 
de Santa Maria, in the very 
center of_tite dazzling Bay 
of Cadiz. Cteran Lingua has 

franchised a center called 
“Mirador de la Sierra.” It 
operates just down the road 
from the historic Alhambra 
Palace in Granada. 

Warm, friendly setting 
Malta is making a special 
bid to attract English-lan- 
guage students, and now 
boasts a large number of 
schools specializing in 
teaching English. The 

island has historic connec- 
tions with Britain (Indeed, 
people still drive on the 
left), and English is one of 
the official languages. The 
government's skillfully 
deployed advertising 

efforts elegantly suggest 
(without quite saying it I 
that Malta is both a warmer 
and a more friendly place 
to study the language than 
Britain itself. MJR. 

Small Businesses 
Join Global Ranks 

Language skills are de rigeur for everyone. 

P roviding language 

instruction for execu- 
tives has long consti- 
tuted a profitable source of 
income for language 
schools, chambers of com- 
merce and other business 
centers. Several trends are 
now affecting the demand 
for such services and the 
way they are delivered. 

One of these is the grow- 
ing need for even small 
businesses to international- 
ize in order to survive and 
prosper. Another is the new 
demand for business-linked 
language instruction in 
Eastern Europe. A third is 
die call for instruction in 
rare or non-European lan- 
guages as new markets con- 
tinue to emerge around the 
world. At the same time, 
advances in communica- 
tions technology make it 
increasingly feasible to 
exploit distance-learning 

“Businesses that send 
their executives to our lan- 
guage programs routinely 
expect us to perform mira- 
cles in the space of a two- 
week course." says Ren6 
Bastin, managing director 
of Ceran Lingua Inter- 
national in Belgium. 
“Largely,, this is because 
decisions to post managers 

abroad are increasingly 
made at the last minute and 
on a short-term basis. To 
reply to this demand, we 
have tailored our courses to 
provide managers with 
concrete practical help for 
survival in the environment 
to which they are moving." 

Some companies are 
nonetheless adopting a 
structured approach to lan- 
guage learning as part of a 
bid to develop cross-cultur- 
al management skills. 

“To achieve success in 
this area, we need to under- 
stand how cultural differ- 
ences interact with varying 
personal characteristics," 
says Gilles Spony, who is 
preparing a dissertation on 
this subject at Cranfield 
Business School in Britain. 

One example is provided 
by British Petroleum (BP), 
which has created a training 
package for personnel post- 
ed to its Algerian affiliate 
(BP Exploration's Algeria 
Asset). “The package 
includes French lessons on 
a one-to-one and small- 
group basis, together with 
intensive one-and-a-half- 
day cultural briefings,” says 
Rupert Watts of London- 
based Language Solutions, 
which worked with BP to 
set up the project. MJL 

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FEBRUARY 1-2, 1997 

PAGE 20 


WEDNESDAY, JANUARY' 29, 1997 „ & 

World Roundup 

Australia’s on Top 

cricket Australia rose to the 
top of the cricketing world Tuesday 
after clinching a series against the 
West Indies. 

Australia's victory by an innings 
and 183 runs in Adelaide to lead 3- 
1 in the five-test rubber put the team 
alone at the top of the Wisden world 
championship standings. Before. 
Australia shared the lead with 
South Africa and the West Indies. 

The championship, devised by 
Wisden Cricketers' Almanac, is 
unofficial, but South Africa intends 
to propose at the meeting of the 
International Cricket Council in 
June that an official championship 
based on the Wisden system should 
be instituted. (Reuters) 

Zeman Out, Zoff In 

soccer Dino Zoff will take over 
as coach of Italy's Lazio for the rest 
of the season. Zdenek Zeman was 
fired Monday after the club's 
second consecutive home defeat. 

Zoff. 54. the goalie for Italy's 
1982 World Cup victory, coached 
Lazio from 1990 to 1994. when he 
was named president Zeman had 
been in charge since the 1994-95 
season. Zoff promised dial another 
coach would take over next sea- 

He is now officially Lazio’s 
president coach, board member 
and trainer of the club’s goalkeep- 
ers. ( Reuters ) 

Nascar Figure fibs Cancer 

auto racing Rick Hendrick, 
the Charlotte, North Carolina, car 
dealer and Nascar team owner who 
has been indicted on charges re- 
lated to the American Honda cor- 
ruption scandal, has a rare and life- 
threatening form of leukemia. 

Hendrick. 47. discovered he had 
chronic myelogenous leukemia, a 
form of bone-marrow cancer, on 
Nov. 18 — two weeks before his 
indictment, his lawyers said Mon- 

Hendrick, whose drivers won 
Winston Cup championships the 
last two years, pleaded not guilty 
Dec. 20 to a 15-count federal in- 
dictment that accused him of build- 
ing his $22 billion car-dealing em- 
pire by bribing American Honda 
executives. (AP) 

Baiul Takes the Pledge 

The Olympic figure 
Oksana Baiul 


skating champion 
does not have a drinking problem 
and does not plan to drive under the 
influence again, her attorneys say. 

During a brief appearance 
Monday in Superior Court in West 
Hartford, Connecticut. Baiul ap- 
plied for admission to an alcohol 
education program in hopes of hav- 
ing a drunken driving charge 
against her dropped. 

She regrets her conduct, realizes 
she made a mistake and is “de- 
termined to never let it happen 
again." Paut Collins, one of her 
lawyers, said after the hearing. 

Baiul did not enter a plea and is 
not required to enter one before the 
judge rules on her application for 
admission into the education pro- 
gram. (AP) 



Bob ChddfTte A n u raa l ten 

being escorted from 
by sheriffs deputies. 

For the Age of the Hot Dog Athlete, Blame Television 

Vince Lombardi Wouldn’t Get It 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The moral of Green 
Bay’s victory had nothing to do with 
Vince Lombardi, even though the 
coach's name was on the Super Bowl 
trophy awarded to his former team. 

The moral was that America is a coun- 
try of TV addicts, and. surprisingly, the 
Super Bowl is better for iL 

The late, militaristic Lombardi of 
three decades ago would not have un- 
derstood Green Bay’s 35-21 victory 
over New England on Sunday. What 
would be have made of Desmond 
Howard slowing down at the end of his 
game-breaking 99-yard touchdown re- 
turn for no greater purpose than to show 
off? Every time Howard gained more 
than a dozen yards he was hopping up to 
berate his opponents. 

In his day Lombardi would not have 
put up with iL On Sunday, Howard was 
rewarded for it — he was voted the Most 
Valuable Player. 

There's no sense beating up on 
Howard for his behavior — most of the 

players on both teams were the same. 
Part of it 

can be seen, promisingly, as a 
liberation of American culture, mat any- 
one of any color now feels free to express 
himself. It wasn't that way not so long 
ago; certainly not in Lombardi’s time. 

The great vehicle for this change — 
limited to the artificial world of billion- 
dollar American sport — is undoubtedly 
television. If this was one of the most 
exciting, electric Super Bowls, it was 
because die game has been gilded by TV 
to draw the largest possible audience. 
Whenever the defenses have grown too 
strong in American football and the TV 
ratings have suffered as a result, die 
National Football League has been 
quick to alter the rules fractionally, cre- 
ating just enough room to break the 
most exciting players free. The NFL 
reacts to the larger TV audience as se- 
riously as politicians treat the pre-elec- 

tion pol Is. The business of each game — 
American football and politics — is all 
about television. 

The addiction is just beginning to 
spread around the world. You are be- 
ginning to see soccer players pulling 
their shirts overhead or forming a conga 
line on their hands and knees after scor- 
ing a goaL 

If that kind of thing didn't used to 
happen, it’s because soccer players 
didn't used to dunk about camera close- 
ups and video highlights replayed on 
newscast after newscast 

Still, they are innocents compared 
with the hams that occupied America’s 
biggest stage Sunday night Watch any 
sport (other than boxing) in any other 
country and notice bow roost athletes 
react when they realize the camera is 
aimed at them. They pretend not to 

It used to be like that in America, but it 
isn't any more. When the camera's red 
light flashed on along the Superdome 
sidelines, almost every player in view 
turned his back on the field and started 
pointing at himself. Look at me. Here I 

The pregame introductions were in- 
credible. Every player had his own 
schtick. The typical form of acknow- 
ledgement used to be a nod of die head, a 
slight wave to the crowd. It has been 
replaced by arms spread out, palms up. 

It can all be traced back to 
Muhammad Ali's authentic bravado, 
and just a few years ago fens could 
afford to boo his one or two poor mimics 
who leaped up self-congramlatingiy 
after being tackled. To boo them now 
would mean booing most of the players 
on both teams. 

Even if they believe such acts are a 
selfish example for the millions of chil- 
dren watching and imitating at home; 
the coaches feel they can't stop it, not if 
they want to succeed. 

Take Andre Rison — he was released 
by one disciplinarian NFL coach this 

season because his antics didn't seem to 
fit the team. The Packers thought about 
him for a long minute before handing 

him a imif orm that seem s rn hlnr, hp. rims 

so fast. It turned out to be the right 
decision when Rison caught a long pass 
on Green Bay’s second play, even u he 
did duckwalk into the end zone. 

All of a sudden Green Bay hada 10-0 
lead and you could just see it: Every- 
body on their team was trying to come 
up with the big play for video per- 

In Super Bowls such early leads usu- 
ally turn into enormous victories. The 
Patriots turned the deficit to their ad- 
vantage with a screen pass — a little 
hesitation here, a pause there, as the 

Packers went flying by out of die picture. 
It seemed as if the Packers were more 
dizzied, more vulnerable because of their 
good start By die end of tire first quarter 
the Patriots had seized a 14-10 lead. 

American fans who don't like die 
be tween-plays antics have learned to 
ignore them. Outrageous people were 
making outrageous, spectacular plays. 

Neither side was conservative, 
mainly because the TV-influenced rules 
don't necessarily reward the running, 
grinding offenses of Lombardi’s day. 
Why waste a play on a short gain when 
a 30-yard pass is easier than ever to 

The pressures were converted into 
positive energy. The game was played 

in the frenzy of an action movie. 
Wherever you live in the world, 
whatever you like to watch, a similar 
movement will be coming to your sport 
soon. The power of TV is hypnotic and 

I , a te in the Super Bowl, in between 
plays, you could hear the crowd cheer- 
ing as if another big pass had been 
caught. But nothing luce that was going 
on. Then you realized: They were re- 
acting to images on the giant screens in 
the Superdome. All of that money they 
paid for their tickets, packed inside the 
stadium where everyone in America 
wanted to be that night, and they were 
unified by a TV set. The stadium was 
their living room: 

Now, the Hard Part for the Packers 

By Timothy W. Smith 

Nr*' York Tunes Service 

Tin S*«hiW tptnr Kuw-IVair 

Holmgren brings home the trophy. 

NEW ORLEANS — As National 
Football League champions, the Pack- 
ers took the Vince Lombardi Trophy 
back to Green Bay. Now they have to 
find a way to keep it 

“I think one of our goals when we 
first came to Green Bay was to develop 
a consistent playoff-caliber team," 
Holmgren said Monday. "Our orga- 
nization is very sound. Bob Harlan as 
president of the Packers gives Ron and 
myself everything that a coach and gen- 
eral manager can ask for. Ron Wolf just 
signed a new extension or is in the 
process of signing a new extension. 
We’ll be very, very solid at the top.’’ 
But the Packers have a lot of work to 
do if they want to be as dominant as San 
Francisco and Dallas have been in the 

1990s. They must manage the salary 
cap, keep their own free agents while 
attracting those from other teams and 
maintain continuity on the coaching 

If the offensive coordinator Sherman 
Lewis leaves to take a head-coaching 
job, the Packers will lose a shrewd ar- 
chitect of game plans and play calling. 

Wolf, meanwhile, is one of the most 
knowledgeable general managers in tbe 
game and an astute judge of talenL The 
Packers will have to rely on him to 
replace the aging defensive stars: free 
safety Eugene Robinson (a 1 2-year vet- 
eran) and defensive ends Sean Jones (13 
years) and Reggie White (12 years). 

Wolf is also working on a contract 
extension for quarterback Brett Favre. 
There have been reports that Favre, tbe 
league 's two-time most valuable player, 
could command a signing bonus in ex- 

cess of $12 million. But if they sign 
Favre to a huge contract, the Packers 
won ’ t be able go shopping for expensive 
free agents the way that Dallas and San 
Francisco did to keep their champion- 
ship edge. 

• Thar means it will be harder for Green 
Bay to stay at the top. And having won a 
Super Bowl, their top free agents — 
defensive tackle Gilbert Brown, line- 
backer Wayne Simmons, receiver Des- 
mond Howard (the MVP in the Super 
Bowl), kicker Chris Jacke, center Frank 
Winters, Jones and running back 
Dorsey Levens — are going to have to 
be persuaded that they are better off in 
Green Bay with less money than they 
can get some place else. 

In a sense die easy part, winning tbe 
championship, is behind the Packers. 
Now, the hard part, keeping it has only 

Parcells Is In 
NFL’s Hands 

New York Times Service 

NEW ORLEANS — The Super 
Bowl is over, but the dispute be- 
tween Bill Parcells and the New 

England Patriots goes on. 
the National Football League 

commissioner, Paul Tagliabue, 
said Monday he would mediate a 
dispute between the two parties to 
determine whether Parcells is free 
to leave the Patriots and, if he does, 
what compensation tbe Patriots are 
entitled to. 

Tagliabue listened to Ae warring 
parties Tuesday and may make a 
decision as early as Wednesday or 
Thursday. The New York Jets, who 
want to put Parcells in charge of 
their beleaguered franchise, are 
eagerly awaiting Tagliabue 's rul- 

Meeting of Minds ( and Hearts?) at Africa-Europe Friendly 


International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — “Killer bees 

I guess a sports writer subconsciously 
longs for a line to sting the readers into 
attention. Truth is better than fiction, 
and you couldn't make up what 
happened in Harare on Sunday. 

It was almost halftime in an African 
Nations Cup qualifier between Zimb- 
abwe and Ghana when Tim Grant, a 
G ham an striker, noticed what he took to 
be a swarm of flies coming toward the 

“Next dung I see," recalls Grant, “is 
the Zimbabwe players face down on tbe 

to England on the same 
plane as Bruce Grobbe- 
laar, the veteran Zim- 

Vantage Point / Ron Hughes 

babwe goalie who was given 48-hour 

ground. I’m thinking, what’s going on? 

i going c 

1 hear the others shout. ‘Get down, killer 

bees!' — and this cloud of them passes 
right over us." 

Nobody got hurt. The linesmen 
covered their faces with their flags, file 
referee eventually came back out of the 
hut to which he had fled, the spectators 
settled down and the match finished 
without a goal. 

Kim Grant, bom Ghanaian but very 
much a Londoner these days, flew back 


leave from Winchester Crown Court 
where he denies fixing matches for a 
Malaysian betting syndicate. 

Grobbelaar. a hero in Africa cast as a 
villain in England, swears he has been 
set up by a former Zimbabwe business 
partner; a sting of another kind. He put 
on his usual display of goalkeeping ac- 
robatics laced with showmanship for the 
Harare crowd of 50.000, and expects to 
be as free as die birds and the bees for 
Zimbabwe's next Nations Cup en- 
counter in Angola on Feb. 8. 

Had Grobbelaar been available for 
midweek games, be might have figured 
in a historic march in Lisbon on Wed- 
nesday, when an African side plays a 
friendly against Europe. 

This all-star game in the Stadium of 
Light kicks off soccer’s contribution to 
tbe European Year Against Racism. & is 
timely, and necessary. 

During the next 10 days, youths from 
four European nations — France, 

Greece, Portugal and Spain — contest 
the Meridian Cup, with teams repre- 
senting Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast and 

The idea is to foster harmony, though 
few of the African players will be in- 
nocents abroad. The skills of Africa are 
free-ranging, with a spontaneity some- 
times systematically coached out of 
boys in Europe. Where the car drives out 
street soccer, and where computer 
games are more ' popular than ball 
games, so-called natural talents are lost 
But in Africa, in Latin America and 
Asia, a ball (or something resembling 
one) can still be a child's fascination. 
Children will spend endless hours un- 

iheir ability. Weah, 
World Footballer of the 
Year in 1995, migrated 

from Liberia to France to Italy. 

He became the symbol of African 
potency in international sport He plays 
for A. C. Milan, tbe highest payer m the 
business, and at 3 1 be sometimes plays 
with the wonder of a child. 

Alas, Weah will not be in Lisbon on 
Wednesday. He is injured and. worse, 
tainted. The last time he played in Por- 
tugal, in a UEFA Champions League 
match against Porto in November, he 

der the Lisbon lights on Wednesday.. 
Lennart Johansson and Issa Hayatou, 
presidents of European and African soc- 

cer, respectively, are old friends po- 
tentially divided in the quest to become 

violently butted Jorge Costa in die face. 

i’s people insistit was acrime of 

passion, provoked by Costa's malice in 

der the sun playing with iL obsessed with 
l to make it obey their touch. 

ft, learning to! 

Very eariy in adolescence, these gifts 
will be spotted by scouts and sold to rich 
clubs in Europe. The kids, of course, 
come to the money like bees to honey. 

Some survive the transition. A few, 
like George Weah. leam th e value of 

jling him and rad ally taunting him. 
UEFA, with the broken nose of Costa as 
evidence, had no option, and banned 
Weah from six European matches. 

Costa has threatened legal reprisal 
unless Weah retracts the allegation, of 
bigotry. African politicians make racist 
rganda of their own, accusing 

FIFA’s next leader. 

Johansson and Hayatou had an almost 
fedier-son perception of the future, a tacit 
agre eme nt th at the older Swede would 
stand as FIFA president from 1998 to 
2002, and Hayatou a cred ible successor. 

But the politics of FIFA are bedeviled 
by intrigue. Johansson made a poten- 
tially ruinous statement in a Swedish 
newspaper interview, winch quoted him 
as referring to Africans as “darkies.*’ 
Johansson apologized unconditionally, 
bar it will stick with him. 

No man is likely to be FIFA present 
without a good number of votes from the 
51 African member countries. Wednes- 



r using white man's law against 

the black African. 

So it will take a concerted effort un- 

; the pitch as well as on it — a meeting 
of African and European mmric 

Hayatou, I am certain, will be stales- - 
manlike and friendly. Johansson will be 

hold out his hand to any who will 

V' ■ 


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PAGE 21 * 


"h'u ( , ^ * New Man on Blackliawks 

Checks In With a Winner 




' ' 1 «w 

The Associated Press 

Ulf Dahlen made an immediate im- 
pact for the Chicago Biackhawks. 
Playing in his first game since Chica- 

f o acquired him in a weekend trade with 

an Jose, Dahlen scored the winning 
goal in Monday night's 2-1 victory over 
the Rangers in New York. 

Dahlen scored off a pass from Tony 
Amome at 3:32 of the third period. 
Amonte, who had scored the tying goal 
earlier in the period, carried the puck 
behind the net and fed Dahlen in front of 
the goal for the game-winner. 

“If 1 missed that shot, it would have 
been embarrassing," Dahlen said. 
“Tony made the play — I just put it into 
an empty net." 

Dahlen, goal tender Chris Terreri and 
defenseman Michal Sy kora were sent to 

beat die Maple T Deadmazsh stole a 
cross-ice pass by Jamie Baker and beat 

£17 mark to pot Colorado ahead 3-2. 

tM Mmi 5, 1 1 pill i Jim 3 At tTanara, 
Ontario, Alexei Y ashin scored two goals 
as Ottawa beat Tampa Bay. D aniel AI- 
fredsson had a goal and two assists for 
Ottawa, which also got goals from Tam 
Chorske and Randy Cmmeywonh. 

£tar*7, Kh>b »2 At Dallas, Mike Mod- 
ano scared two power-play goals as the 
Stars got a rare home victory. Dallas 
scored five times in the second period. 

including goals by Derian Hatcher mid 

Chicago on Saturday for goalie Ed 
Belfour. Dahlen's goal helped Chicago 
snap a five-game losing streak. 

‘ ‘We felt pretty confident going into 
the third period,” Amonte said. “We 
felt we were getting some chances, and 
we Just had to keep going to the net." 

The Rangers blew a lead for the fifth 
time this season when leading after die 
second period 

“It’s a game we should have won,’* 
Wayne Gretzky said “It was very dis- 
couraging we didn't.’* 

Canucks 5, Sharks 2 At Vancouver, 
Russ Courtnall scored the go-ahead goal 
in the second period as the Canucks 
spoiled Belfoor’s debut with die Sharks. 
Belfour made 25 saves, but gave up three 
goals on the Canucks* first nine shots. 

Avalanche 5, Maple Loafs 2 At 

Toronto, Adam Deadmarsh scored the 
go-ahead goal early in die third period, 
and the Colorado Avalanche went on to 

Benoit Hogue in a 64-second span. The 
Stars have the league's best road record 
(16-7-2), but were 2-4-0 in their pre- 
vious six games at Reunion Arena. 

Ifighty Ducks 4, Blues 1 At St. Louis, 
Teemu Selanne scored two goals, and 
Guy Hebert made 38 saves as Anaheim 
aided die Blues' four-game winning 

streak. Dimitri Mironov put the Mighty 
at 16:05 of the second 

Ducks ahead 2-1 
period, scoring after goalie Grant Ftthr 
had blocked a shot by Paul Kariya. 

■ Coach Denies Assault Charge 

Former NHL defenseman Gerry Hart 
denied charges that he punched a player 
and referee after a youth league tour- 
nament game in which he had coached. 
The Associated Press reported from 
Smithfield, Rhode Island. 

Hart, 49, was suspended as coach of a 
Long Island team after being charged 
with two. counts of ample assault fol- 
lowing the incident Saturday night at 
Smithfield Rink. 

Hart said he never punched anyone. 

“There was no assault. There was 
nobody hurt," he told die Providence 
Journal-Bulletin on Monday. ‘Tm very 
comfortable with the way I responded to 
this dung. What I attempted to do was 

Wise Old Head 
From Senegal 
Leads Hoyas 
To an Upset 

The Associated Press 

A pep talk from the Wise Old Head 
helped motivate Georgetown to its 
biggest victory of the college basketball 

Upset about a slump that had seen the 
Hoyas lose four of their previous five 
games, the team's captain. Ya Ya Dia. 
issued a challenge to his teammates 
before Monday night's game against 
14th -ranked Villanova. 

“1 was just telling them that it's in the 
middle of a time like this that a man 
finds out who he is," said the forward. 

who was born in Senegal and got his 


nickname through his steady leadership 
of a team filled with freshmen and 

“And I told them that tonight we'll 
find out a lot about the character of this 
team, and we definitely did. This team's 
got a lot of heart." 

After Dia’s mini-sermon, the Hoyas 
went out and did three things they 

Collide Basketball 


The Senators’ Christer Olsson tripping Shawn Burr of the Tampa Bay Lightning during Ottawa’s victory. 

ate way. 

15 NHL 

resolve this in an 
Hart played for four teams in 
seasons, mostly the New York Is- 
landers, who are based near where he 
now lives. 

The incident occurred after Hart’s 
Suffolk County Police Athletic League 
ream lost, 9 to 1, to a squad from Syra- 
cuse. New York. 

According to the police, the teams 

were shaking hands at center ice when 
Hart punched a Syracuse player who had 
complained that one of Hart's players 
had punched him. Hart then punched a 
referee who interceded, the police said. 

fcr w 4 

Graf Returns to Tennis 
After Father’s Conviction 


TOKYO — Steffi Graf returned to 
tennis Tuesday after one of the worst 
weeks of her life and appeared to be in 
great form as she won an exhibition 
doubles match with Pam Shriver. 

Shrugging off fears that her game 
might suffer after her father’s con- 
viction on tax evasion charges, foe 
world’s top-ranked women’s tennis 
player and her American partner de- 
molished their Japanese opponents, 
Kyoko Nagarsukaand Yuka Yoshida, 
8-0, in a match limited to two service 
games per player. 

Graf, who is in Tokyo to play in foe 
Pan Pacific Women's Open, showed 
few signs of lingering effects from a 
toe infection and heat exhaustion that 
contributed to her surprise fourth- 
round defeat last week in foe Aus- 
tralian Open in Melbourne. 

Under investigation herself in the 
tax affair, Graf is the top seed in foe 
Pan Pacific and receiveda first-round 
bye in foe singles of the $926,250 
event She will play Lisa Raymond of 
the United States in foe second round 
on Wednesday. 

She dodged questions Tuesday 
about her father’s conviction, rushing 
out of Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnas- 
ium after the match without talking to 

A court in Mannheim, Germany, 
sentenced Peter Graf on Friday to 
three years and nine months id jail for 
evading tax amounting to 12 milli on 
marks ($7.3 million) on his daugh- 
ter’s earnings. 

On Tuesday, foe Olympic cham- 

lay, tt 

pion LindsayDav enport rooted Wang 

-ting of Taiwan, 6-1, 6-2. Dav- 
enport. coming off a fourth-round 
loss to fellow a American, Kimberly 
Po, in the Australian Open, will face 
Tamarine Tanasugam of Thailand in 
a secgp&fpund match Thursday. 

“Anytime when- you come in- 
doors, it’s a lot easier,” said Dav- 
enport, seeded sixth. “In Australia, 
we had a lot of wind, bright sun. But 
it’s a very fast court.” 

The second-seeded Australian Open 
winner, Martina Hingis of Switzer- 
land, also received a first-round bye 
along with third-seeded Conchita Mar- 
tinez of Spain and fourth-seeded Alike 
Huber of Germany. Hingis, 16, the 
youngest Grand Slam winner in 110 
years, begins play Wednesday against 
Gloria Pizzichini of Italy. 

Po, who will play Huber in foe 
second round, said: “This is a good 
opportunity for me. My goal has been 
to try to play a lot of top players 
because the more you play them, I 
think, foe better you trill become.” 

Grizzlies Grin and Bear It on Defense 

The Associated Press 

Since he rook over as Vancouver's 
coach last week, Stu Jackson has been 
emphasizing that success will come 
only when the Grizzlies play solid de- 

That message worked for most of the 
first half against the Golden State War- 
riors on Monday night, bat not after 

l atT P.ll Sprewell had 33 points and 
tied a career high with 1 1 assists, and 
Joe Smith added 30 points as the War- 
riors hit 19 of their first 23 shots in the 
second half to break open a close game 
and win, 122-97, in San Jose, Cali- 

“Defensively, we broke down in foe 
second half.” Jackson said. 

“If we're going to have a defensive 
mindset, we’re going to have to come up 
with it every quarter. And I don't think 
we’re prepared to do that yet” 

Shareef Abdur-Rahim had 23 points 
and 8 rebounds for foe Grizzlies, who 
have lost 10 of their last 11. 

Anthony Peeler added 21 points for foe 
Grizzlies, who are 0-2 since Brian Win- 

NBA Roundup 

ters was fired and replaced as coach last 
week by Jackson, foe general manager. 

The Grizzlies are among foe league’s 
worst defensive teams, and Jackson 
wants significant improvement before 
foe end of the season. 

The victory avenged the Warriors’ 

most embarrassing defeat of foe season. 
They lost at home by 14 points to foe 
Grizzlies this month, one of only two 
Vancouver road successes this season. 

Heat 125, Sons 97 Miami shot 63.2 
percent, a franchise record and foe best 
effort in the NBA this season, to beat 
Phoenix. The victory was Miami’s first 
against Phoenix at home. The Suns were 
9-0 previously at Miami Arena since the 
Heal joined foe league in 1988. 

The Heat's point total and margin of 
victory were team season highs. Miami 
broke the franchise shooting record of 
62.4 percent set against New York in 
February 1990. 

.. The previous bestrecordin foe NBA 
this season was by Indiana, which hit 
613 percent at Vancouver on Dec. 4. 

Oakland Reunites Baseball’s Bash Brothers 

The Associated Press 

OAKLAND, California — The Oak- 
land Athletics, who have spent foe past 
few seasons trying to recreate their 
powerhouse teams of the late 1980s, 
have reached back to the past ag a in . 

The A’s reunited foe Bash Brothers 
on Monday by trading for Jose Canseco, 
who with Mark McGwire formed one of 
baseball's most explosive combos in foe 
late 1980s and early 1990s. 

Oakland got Canseco and cash from 
die Boston . 

pitcher John Wasdin. The cash will be 
used to pay part of Canseco's $43 mil- 
lion base salary this season. 

With Canseco and McGwire com- 
bining for 200 homers from 1988 to 
1990, the A’s won three straight AL 
pennants. Canseco had five seasons of 
more than 30 homers for Oakland, in- 
cluding 44 in 1991 and 42 in 1988. 

“If McGwire and myself can stay 
healthy foe whole year, I think definitely 
we’re going to win our division,’' Can- 
seco said in a call from his home in 

Miami. “Potentially we can lead foe 
league in home runs." 

Hampered by back, hip and ham- 
string problems, Canseco missed nearly 
40 penrent of Boston's games since the 
Red Sox acquired him in 1994 as their 
designated hitter. 

“We have significantly improved our 
lineup,” the A’s general manager, 
Sandy Alderson. said. “Our five core 
hitters — Canseco, McGwire, Geronimo 
Berroa. Scott Brosius and Jason Giambi 
— are as good as any in foe league." 


A& N 0 U PtAKiȣ 
m HEN I 

haven't done in weeks: They jumped to 
an early lead, made a decent percentage 
of their free throws and didn't get 
psyched out when the other team made a 

The result: A 78-67 upset foal kept 
alive the Hoyas’ tenuous hopes for an 
NCAA tournament bid. 

Georgetown (12-7, 5-6 Big East) made 
five of its first six shots to jump to an 11- 
2 lead and did not fold when Villanova 
ate up all but four points of a 21-point 
Georgetown lead in the second half. 

The Wildcats (15-5. 6-4) trailed 41- 
20 when Ed Sheffey of Georgetown 
opened the second half with a three- 
pointer. But Villanova went on a 17-0 
run to get within 41-37 with 14:21 to 
play as foe Hoyas suddenly looked more 
like the team that has already equaled a 
school season record by losing three Big 
East games at home. 

Jahidi White, reasserting the author- 
ity foe 290- pound (130-kilogram) cen- 
ter had been lacking most of the season, 
answered Villanova's run with a mon- 
ster dunk, and Victor Page added two 
free throws to restore Georgetown’s 
lead to 45-37 with 13:30 left. Villanova 
closed foe deficit to two points twice but 
never had foe ball with a chance to tie or 
take foe lead. 

Page finished with 29 points on 9-for- 
22 shooting for foe Hoyas. while 
Boubacar Aw and Daymond Jackson 
each had 10 points. Dia had 12 re- 
bounds, two above his Big East-leading 

Alvin Williams had 17 points, Tim 
Thomas 13 and John Celestand 1 1 for 
the Wildcats. 

No. 4 Utah 84, No. 21 1Usa 58 In Salt 
Lake City. Michael DoJeac scored IS 
points and Andre Miller had 17 as Utah 
trounced Tulsa. 

The Utes (14-2, 6-0) remained in first 
place in the Mountain Division of foe 
Western Athletic Conference. 

Utah's star, Keith Van Horn, did not 
score in the first half. The 6-foot- 10 
forward finished with 12 points on 3- 
for-15 shooting, including two missed 

Shea Seals led Tulsa ( 15-5, 5-1) with 
16 points. But foe normally high-scor- 
ing guard made only four of 12 shots and 
did not get his first basket until 14:40 
was left in the game. 



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PAGE 22 



The New Out Crowd 

The Eclectic Kevin Kline, 

By Russell Baker 

N ew york — people 

who live in trailers are 

II who live in trailers axe 
now learning what it used to 
feel like to be Episcopalians. It 
used to be — remember'? — 
that Episcopalians were the 
oaiy group of Americans left 
about whom it was QiC. to 
joke. Then Episcopalians got 
their backs up. 

If you make an Episcopali- 
an joke nowadays, or even 
sneer subtly at the food served 
in country clubs, the borne 
offices of after-hours Episco- 
palianism, you invite reprim- 
and as an insensitive bigot. 

Well, what is a great nation 
to do without an identifiable 
group of its own citizens to feel 
superior to? Welcome to the 
great American trailer park. 
So metimes called a “trailer 
court." Until the Episcopali- 
ans became off-limits for jokes 
and sneers, trailer people were 
widely admired and respected 
for their cunning. 

Many localities levied no 
real-estate tax on house trail- 
ers. A shrewd tax dodger 
could drive his house into a 
thriving town, park it and en- 
joy the advantages of home 
ownership without the disad- 
vantages of tax. bills. 

When too many parked 
cheek by jowl and their chil- 
dren started overcrowding the 
schoolhouse, the town would 
rind ways to tax wheeled 
houses, and dedicated tax 
dodgers would move on. 

Low upkeep attracted low- 
income householders. Less 
fragile low-cost housing — 
the kind your grandparents 
may have lived in — has long 
been priced beyond the reach 
of low-income people. Not 
surprisingly, the trailer park 
began to replace the bousing 
development of the 1950s 

where houses sold for $7,500. 

Now, though, hying is a 
trailer begins to invite public 
scorn. Paula Jones, suddenly 
famous for her sexual-harass- 
ment case against the presi- 
dent. is beUttted by the pres- 
ident's sympathizers as a 
trailer-park type. And here's a 
letter in my mail from a man 
who is down on “the sleazy 
pimps in the media." People 
like turn, he says, “may only 
be simple countiy folk, un- 
sophisticated and prole, but 
we’re 100 percent better than 
the trailer-crash shits that in- 
habit the White House." 

Maybe people who live in 
low-cost housing are doomed 
always to be fair game for 
abuse. I recall abusing them 
myself in the late 1940s. 

During the war thousands 
of unskilled workers had 
flocked into Baltimore for jobs 
in weapons plants that worked 
around the clock: Many came 
from the mountains of. Vir- 
ginia and West Virginia, and 
their mountaineer life styles 
were laughed ax and deplored 
by all Baltimoreans, espe- 
cially people like me, though I 
lived in a second-floor wafloip 
in which cockroaches were 
eating die wallpaper paste 
right off the walls. 

“Hiflhiuieg," I called them. 
Everybody called them “hfll- 
bfllies,” and everybody de- 
plored them. The problem was 
that the “hillbillies’’ had moved 
enmasre into declining middle- 
class neighborhoods, driving 
out the middle-class residents. 
When they finally made the 
neighborhood theirs, * what 
could a self-respecting Bal- 
timorean do but sneer at them? 

As Americans now sneer at 
trafler-paxk people. We may 
have been nicer when we 
zinged Episcopalians. 

Hardened by years or eating 
country-club food, they could 
sneer back wife gusto. 

New York Tunes Service 

By Alan Riding 

New York Times Service 

■ “I don’t think he ^SiSrfi^lutely 

^ a way .ButI 

L ONDON — Kevin Kline grows edgy as fee conver- 
sation shifts from such harmless topics as Shakespeare 
and Gilbert and Sullivan to fee nitty-gritty of his movie 

It is not a subject he relishes discussing. He has made 
memorable films and forgettable films. And now, at fee age 
of 49. enjoying the security of family life and plenty of work, 
he likes to take things as they come. Yet he continues to be 
plagued by his reputation as a fine actor who wins less 
recognition than he deserves. 

His friend the comic actor and writer John Cleese likesto 
lease him about it, complaining feat he turns down major 
roles feat would make him “a star" (“He’s known in 
HoUywoodasKevinD.KliDe") and feat he cannot make up 
his mind (“He's fee only actorlknow who played Hamlet in 
otder to learn to be decisive"). 

Others in the business tell him that instead of playing a 
wide range of roles, he should concentrate oa comedy. 
Kline, slim and youthful-looking, groans. He is tired of 
being advised cm his career. 

Still, he is happy about his new movie, “Fierce 
Creatures,’’ because, as be puts it, he has followed his 
instinct to “do what feels right,” Almost a decade after 
playing his most acclaimed comic role as fee manic Otto in 
“A Fish Called Wanda,” be has teamed up again with 
Cleese, Jamie Lee Curtis and Michael Palin in what they 
term “an equal cot a sequel” to the original hit- 
In other words, Otto, who brought Klme an Oscar in 1989 
for best supporting actor, is not being resuscitated, but the 
old gang is. “They are older, they are richer, they are fetter, 
and they are back,” Geese proclaims. 

Kline, sitting in Cleese’s production office in West Lon- 
few during a tweak in filming “Fierce Creatures,” said: “I 
think it’s kinder. John has mellowed. It’s hot as nasty or 
mean a movie as 'Wanda.’ ” 

Certainly, in fee screenplay by Cleese and the former film 
critic Iain Johnstone, Rime’s role is less nasty. He plays ' 
Vince McCain, fee amoral son of Rod McCain, a greedy 
New Zealand-bom media mogul. Kline is also Rod, playing 
father and son not as look-alike characters (as he did in 
“Dave," in which he portrayed an American president and 
his double) but as two men glaring at each other across fee 
generation gap, Vince waiting for Rod to die and make him 

films be has done, weese . -y-v. g ut i 

S better 

think that in manycascs bis performances 

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good right now/ And there are Iwsj £ 
going in, are notcommeraaLSo fee ^ 

choices are not what is< going W h® ** 

American success^als-nKwey-<^aaIs^p^riy \ 
Still; for all his conumtmenr to fee art ofa^in&his .first 
JSgZ, music. His father owned a record stores St 
LotS and he razored inmnsac at 
then he switched, first studying at fee 
in New York and latex becoming 
Houseman’s Acting Company- It was then, in the nud- 
1970s, feat he teamed the delights of variety-. tir - 
We didfive or six plays iniepeiriny, irareeaited. ??? 

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wasn’t about peraonality.*’ - ‘ 

His, musical background — and a pl^sant bass-baritone 
voice — came in handy. Making his Broadway debut m 
1978 as fee movie idol Bruce Grant m Jfarold «race s 
musical “On fee 20to Century,” be won his .first Tony 
Award. Two seasons later, another Tony came his way when 
he shared as fee Pirate King in Joseph Papp s version of 
Gilbert and Sullivan’s “Pirates ofPeazance. # 

Kline did his first screen acting m the film version at this 
epereoa, although it was “Sophie’s Choice," released first, 
mat pot his movie career off the ground. 

that got his nKme caceer off the ground. 

Smce then, he has had his ups and downs. In 1983, with 
‘‘TheJBig Chill,” an unexpected hit, be began a relationship 
wife the director Lawrence Kasdan that has brought them 
together in four more films: “Silverado,” “I Love You to 
Death,” “Grand Canyon” and “French Kiss.” 

A ar*l *rrv Freedom*’ and “Princess 

The plot has fee Atlanta-based Rod (Ibid Almighty, to his 
underlings) dispatching a former Hong Kong policeman, 
RdJo Lee (Geese), to run an English zoo, wife coders to earn 
20 percent profits. Rollo’s solution is a “fierce creatures" 
policy” (“a lethal weapon in every cage' *); all other animals 
will be sold or shot. Vince arrives withWilla Weston (Curtis) 
to institute “multiple facility merchandising” — plastering 
ads on the animals' cages. Then Rod shows up to confront 
Vince, and KliDe’s comic talents rise to the occasion. 

But fens of Kline fee comic actor may be disappointed by 

his turn to less antic parts in his next two films. In Ang Lee's 


Kline in “Fierce Creatures,*’ an equal not a sequel. 

“Ice Storm.” scheduled for release later this year, Kline 
said by tdephone from New York, he plays the “fatherof a 
highly dysfunctional family” confused by fee sexual re- 
volution of tiie early 1970s. And in Frank Oz’s “In and 
Out," currently in production, he plays a gay high school 
English readier outed inadvertently by a former student ' 
Indeed, 15 years after appearing opposite Meryl Streep in 
Alan Pakula’s “Sophie’s Choice," Bine continues to 
pride in his eclectic taste in movie roles, a pride that same 
friends view as a stubborn refusal to reach for greater feme. 

OUICSO WUC dUU uxw UMUM VA w ww-w . - 

. Yet, wbfle ‘ ‘A Hsh CaHedWanda’ ’ wonhunan Academy 
Award, it is Kline’s work in theater that has given him fee 
aura of an exceptional actor. In fee 1980s, be was acclaimed 
for his role as Captain Bluntschli in Shaw’s “Anns and the 
Man" at Circle in the Square on Broadway. And his 
production of “Hamlet” — he directed and starred — at 
New York’s Public Theater in 1990 was well received. 

“Kline’s not just great," said Ian Judge, a director at fee 
Royal Shakespeare Company. “No one else can play . 
tragedy and comedylike he can. He'srthe only successor to 

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Marketing Martian Makes Broadway Debut 

T HE British actor Jeremy 
Irons and China’s best 

By Paula Span 

Washington Post Service 

N EW YORK — Close to half fee 
audience at the Broadway opening 

I’N audience at the Broadway opening 
of “Men Are From Mars, Women Are 
From Venus” — two-and-a-half hours 
of show-biz-plus-couples- therapy from 
the self-help author John Gray — didn't 
seem at au sure they wanted to be 

Guess which half. 

Rick Ramirez, an engineer from San 
Diego, was there because his girlfriend, 
Barbara Wolf, a New Jersey billing 
clerk, had persuaded him to come. “She 
convinced me that it would be good for 
our relationship,” he said a tad grimly. 

New Yorker Sal Hacqua was there 
because his girlfriend, Linda Blakely, 
thought it would be an interesting even- 
ing. “There’s amessagehere that doesn’t 

•5*-- i 

excite me," he said, also a skeptic. 

A Brooklyn dentist, Eva Fidel, said 

she had wanted to push her husband into 
reading the books, “so I took him by 
surprise and bought tickets.” Was he 
sony he'd come7 “Not so far,” said 
David Fidel. Of course, fee curtain had 
yet to rise. 

Not content wife selling 10 milli on 

copies of “Men Are From Mars 

which is nearing Year 4 on the New 
York Times best-seller list. Gray has 
taken over fee Gershwin Theatre, Broad- 
way's largest, for a week. 

For the author, there’s a certain logic 
to all titis. His “act” is a highly con- 
densed version of fee weekend unprove- 
your-relationship programs he’s run for 
20 years. While his se minar s have al- 
ways mixed humor wife bow-io, 
“they've gotten funnier and funnier.” 
he said in a phone interview last week. 
“People keep saying. ‘You should do 
this on a stage. This is a show.* " 

During the show’s first half. Gray 
performs what he calls “my stand-up” 
— riffs about gender differences so pro- 
found that the theme of his best-seller is 
that men and women may as well have 
originated on separate planets. Some 
nights he might do the bit about varying 
sexual response (men are like blow- 
torches; women are like ovens, in need 

Author Gray taking his turn on stage. 

of 20 minutes’ preheating). On opening 
night he cracked jokes about fee most 
sacred holidays for Martians (Super 
Bowl Sunday) and for Venusians 
(Valentine's Day). There had been brief 
talk of a song, too, but that idea died fasti 
Gray sings at his seminars, but Broad- 
way. after ah, is Liza’s turf. 

After intermission, he brings audience 
members up to . . . share. Some are 
ordinary schmoes who paid up to S55 a 
ticket; some are invited celebrities. 

“When Cindy Crawford tells the stray 
of her intimate relationships" — as she 
did at Gray's recent Lee Angeles gig — 
“people really, really listen,’ ’ he explains. 
Opening night here, the setm-femous par- 
ticipants included soap star Linda Dana 
ana tabloid columnist Cindy Adams. 

Of course, there already is a Broadway 
show that makes sport of gender dif- 
ferences: A few blocks away “Defend- 
ing the Caveman.” written and originally 
praformed by Rob Becker, is in its “third 
smash year/’ as the ads say. Both shows 
are going on the road: Becker’s beaded to 
Washington and Norfolk next month. 

leaving the television star Michael Chik- 
lis ( late of “The Comttrish”) to perform 
In New Yariq Gray will launch a two- 
year tour tins spring of the kind of arenas 
that rock bands play, wife 6,000 to 
10,000 seats. The big difference is, Beck- 
er is a comic. Gray is an industry. 

A highly synergistic industry. A call 
to one of several 800 numbers in the 
back of his book connects you to his 
business office in Phoenix. “Thank you 
for calling Personal Growth Produc- 
tions,” fee recording coos. “To attend a 
seminar, press 1. ... To request a per- 
sonal appearance by John Gray, press 3. 
... If you'd like information about 
becoming a Mare and Venus counselor, 
press 6. . . .” 

Besides fee basic seminars. Gray 
peddles an extensive line of audio and 
videotapes, mostly via infomercial, 
though they were also selling briskly in 
fee Gershwin’s lobby at $120 a sec He 
sells lovey-dovey vacations. “Right 
now we’re focusing cm Paris,” he said 
last week. “Very romantic, very rea- 
sonable — $599 for a week in Paris, and 
you get a Mars and Venus workshop 
while you're there.” 

He’s launched the Mars & Venus In- 
stitute, which trains Grayish “facilitat- 
ors,” and the Mare & Venus Counseling 
Centers, which refer clients to Gray- 
sawy therapists across fee country. All 
of which promote, and are promoted by, 
the four ntles (“Mare and Venus in the 
Bedroom," “Mars and Venus Together 
Forever,’ ’ etc.) and the $10 calendar that 
HarpetCollins publishes. 

The Broadway show has not sold out, 
but wife a cast of one, plus one pianist 
playing schmaltzy tunes between acts, it 
will probably make a bundle anyway. 

At intermission, some of the guys said 
they were happy they’d crane, “was he 
talking only to us?’ wondered Morris 
Ligorski, an anesthesiologist, whose 
wife had surreptitiously bought tickets. 
“It’s like we were his patients.” 

Paul Aibicocco was less enthralle d. 
“Now I’ve gotta prove feat I’m not like 
everyone else," be said after 90 minutes 

A Irons and China’s best 
known film scar, Gong Li, are 
to star in a film on Hong 
Kong’s handover to China. 
“Chinese Box” will be dir- 
ected by Wayne Wang, who 
was bom in Hang Kong 
Rons, star of such films 
as “Damage” and “The 

form all her own stunts, 
however dangerous. 

. □ 

It was tiie year of fee wo- 
man at the American Music 
Awards and Toni Braxton 
reaped the bounty. Braxton 
won favorite female soul 
R&B artist andher “Secrets” 

French Lieutenant’s Wo- 
man,” plays a journalist cov- 
ering the handover to Beijing, 
which will take place at mid- 
night June 30. the crew wfll 
film the events of flic night for 
inclusion in the film, an in- 
sider said, commenting: 
“You couldn’t get a much 
better backdrop than fee real 
thing.” Irons visited the local 
Foreign Correspondents Chib 
for inspiration but was re- 
portedly less than impressed 
by fee members propping up 
fee bar. Gong, whose credits 
include “Raise tiie Red Lan- 
tern” and “EarcwelL My 
Concubine,” will play Irons’ 
love interest. Wang, whose re- 
cent efforts include “Smoke” 
and “Blue in tiie Face,” is 
casting some local figures — 
journalists, businessmen and 
lawyers. The film is due for 
release late this year or in 
early 1998. 

was tire top soul-R&B ubumi 
She also shared in an award 
feat went to fee ’'Waiting to 
Exhale” soundtrack, to 
which she was a contributor. . 
Alan is Morissette also was a 
multiple winner, though she 
didn’t show up. Morissette 
was named favorite pop-rock 
female artist andher ‘ 'Jagged 
little Pill” woo the pop-rock 
album trophy. Two out of fee 

three favorite . new ' artist 
awards went , to women as 
welh Jewel for jpop-rock and 
all, 20 trophies were awarded 
in the 24th annual ceremony. 
Tupac StualfeF, who was 
earned down in Las Vegas 
four mouths ago, was post- 
humously named favorite 
rap-hip bop artist Pop rock 
winners.,, included Eric 
Clapton as favorite male 
fotist and Bootie & The 
filowftsh as favorite band, 
duo or group. Favorite artist 
winners in other categories 
included Metallka in hard 
rock-heavy metal. Smashing 
Pumpkins in alternative mu- 
sic, and Whitney Houston in 
adult contemporary. 

Julia Roberts and Mrf 
Gibson have been chosey 
woman and man of the yeer 
by Harvard’s Hasty Pudding 
theater club, fee oldest utf- 
dergraduatedramaclubin fee 
United States. Roberts wiH 
lead a parade through Hat 4 - 
vard Square-on Feb. 13 wife 
Harvard students in drag 
Gibson will appear Feb. 18 at 
fee opening night of fee 
troupe’s ■ annual theatrical 
production. The Hasty Pud- 
ding award s are given to per- 
formers who have made a 
“lasting and impressive con- 
tribution to the worid of rat 
tertainmeuL” Previous reap* \ 
ients include Elizabeth 
Taylor and Paul Newman. = 

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Torota Lin 
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r-.- - 

Tbe Art Institute of Chic* 
go has acquired a rare early 
phonogram of the black anti- 
slavery leader Frederick 
Douglass, which it plans to 
exhibit beginning in Septem^ 
ber. The portrait, which the 
museum bought at auction for 
$185,000, was unknown until 
last year. Itis believed to have 
been taken in 1852. ! 

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I don't have enough to worry about 

MfcbeU Yeofa, Asia’s 
queen of action films and a 
former Miss Malaysia, will 
star wife Pierce Brosnan in 
fee next James Bond picture, 

“Bond 18,” United Artists 
announced. Yeoh. who got 
ber start in a television com- 
mercial wife fee action star 
Jackie Chan, received inter- 
national attention for her rap- 
id-fire moves in Hong Kong- 
based thrillers such as “Yes, 

Madam,” “Royal Warriors” 
and “The Magnificent War- 
riors." She also starred wife 
Chan in the recent block- 
buster “Supercop.” A 
sportswoman of international 
ranking, Yeoh likes to per- Irons on the set of “Chinese Box” in Hong Kong. “ 

A group of Michigan fac- 
tory workers who were prejv 
paring for impending layoffs 
reported to work as usual this 
week, even after a'lottny 
ticket they bought woo a $46 
millio n jackpot ShirleJ 
Johnson said that she and her 
lucky co-workers would con: 
tmue to work “until we get 
our pink slips.” Kellogg m 1 
dnstries Co., a surgical and 
orthopedic supplies plant in 
Jackson, Michigan, notified 
-its 85 workers in November 
that it would dose fee 90: . 
year-old factory and transfer 

^fforoia. Two wee^agoi 
some of the workers formed a 
lottery drib and bohght 19 
tickets fra: the “Big Game ,? 
firalti-state lottery. i 

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