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T]#- i ^ INTERNATIONAL M ♦ 4 '’l 

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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


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Paris, Monday, July 7, 1997 



No. 35,566 



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Cambodia 


■]Vo. 2 Prime Minister 
Denies Any Coup; 
"Phnom Penh Is Calm 


BySeihMydans 

* . ' ■ New York Times Service 

[ .PHNOM PENH — Two days of 
ifaeayy gunfire ended abruptly late Sun- 
Jdaywith Second Prime Minister Hun Sen 
A'i ■dedaring victory and a white flag rising 
V 'pyerthe residence of his rival. First Prime 
Minister Prince Norodom Ranariddh. 

| But it was unclear whether the armed 
confrontation between the two had 
; -aided. Prince Ranariddh was abroad, 
■ Ibof officials of his royalist party said 
' foey had not given up. 

• As the booming of mortars, rockets 
and, tank fire fell silent, Mr. Hun Sen 
'launched into a two-hour radio address 
ODLWhich the former Communist called 
foejHince ‘ ‘a traitor’ ’ who should be put 
on trial 

. .. “Ranariddh has committed illegal 
acts,” Mr. Hun Sen said, “and a crim- 
inal court is preparing to charge him.'* 
.;. Denying that W actions amounted to 
acoup. he said the royalist party should 
•L ) select a new leader to replace the prince 
r ait co-prime minister. 

*•/ He called Prince Ranariddh a “bone 
in the throat” of Cambodia and said 
lower-ranking members of the party 
[who renounced him would be welcome 
to retain their government posts. 

But diplomats said it would not be so 
easy to restore a functioning democratic 
government. In the long run, they said, 
Mr. Hun Sen’s armed action was likely 

- to cause further conflict in this already 

- unstable nation. 

“It is difficult to see what kind of 
government can emerge from this,” a 
Western diplomat said. “Clearly ihetwo 

- prime ministers can’t work together. 

“We don't know if die fighting is 
over,” he added. “We don’t know what 

• happens next-’* 

-. . The diplomats also said the political 
neutralization of Prince Ranariddh and 
his top aides had derailed for now any 
possibility of the seizure and trial of Pol 
Pot, the Khmer Rouge leader. It was the 

• prince’s overtures to Khmer Rouge 
leaders — suggesting a possible polit- 

• leal and military alliance with them — 
that had helped provoke Mr. Hun Sen’s 

•' assault on his forces. 

Since a reported split in the Khmer 
rage leadership, three weeks ago, 
Prince Ranariddh has encouraged hopes 
vthat Pol Pot could be turned over to an 
' ■ in ternati onal tribunal From 1975 until 
•; he was ousted by a Vietnamese invasion 
■ . injl979, the dictator led a brutal regime 
under which more than 1 million Cam- 
-bodians died. 

. ■ This certainly puts any trial on hold 
. farthe foreseeable future, ” said Steve 
.Heder, a lecturer at he University of 
Ihudon who specializes in the Khmer 
. - Rouge. 1 ’They are certainly not going to 

- ■ V See CAMBODIA, Page 7 


‘ Magical Day 9 as Rover Sets Out on Mars Probe 



By Kathy Sawyer 

WjjlimsH'n Past Sen ice 


< * i- ' 7'. ;v = ■ 7. , - • • 

V- . • • .• i-Lix' Jo ■> 



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Sojourner after descending the ramp of Pathfinder and setting out on its first foray across the surface of Mars. 


PASADENA, California — The 
Pathfinder spacecraft’s robot rover 
stood up from a crouched position and 
tentatively rolled down a ramp as it 
became the first mobile entity to ex- 
plore the surface of Mars on Sunday. 

Like a dog waking up from a nap and 
stretching its legs, the 23-pound (10- 
kilogram) Sojourner rover responded 
to commands from its masters on Earth 
and rose from its bed on the foot of its 
mother ship. 

Simultaneously, pyrotechnic de- 
vices released flexible metal ramps, 
which extended in front and behind the 
remote-controlled rover. 

Commands radioed Sunday sent the 
robot’s six spiked metal wheels slowly 
venturing down the rear ramp onto the 
smooth sandy surface, where it made 
one or two practice turns and began 
sniffing the dusty reddish-orange dirt 
with a scientific probe. 

“It’s been another magical day on 
Mars,” said Brian Muirhead, the 
Pathfinder's flight systems manager. 

The two-foot-long (half-meter), 
one-foot-tall rover’s first tentative 
movement set the stage for a full-scale 
exploration of the rugged terrain 
around Pathfinder’s landing site, with 
the lander and the rover transmitting 


scientific data and dozens of high-res- 
olution color pictures of each other in 
the harsh Martian environment. 

Sojourner's activation came after 
ground controllers at NASA's Jet 
Propulsion Laboratory resolved a wor- 
risome communication breakdown that 
had delayed the deployment. 

For 12 hours, the glitch had marred 
an otherwise near-perfect performance 
by the spacecraft since it bounced in a 

Mars site elates scientists. • Rover 
is surprisingly cheap. Page 2. 

cocoon of giant air bags to a safe land- 
ing Friday to begin the first exploration 
of Mars in 21 years. 

Exhausted bur elated after the land- 
ing, mission managers said they had 
several reasons for pushing to get the 
rover off the lander as rapidly as pos- 
sible. Sitting on top of one solar panel, 
the rover was blocking the sun and 
draining the lander's power. 

Besides, said Donna Shirley, man- 
ager of the Mars exploration program, 
“It's a lazy bum and not working.” 

Members of the science team had 
already selected at least two target 
rocks for the rover to analyze out of a 
rich trove visible in the badlands terrain 

See MARS, Page 7 


For Germany, No Doubts on NATO 

Expansion Surrounds It With Friends and Gives It a Victory 


By John Vinocur 

Imcrnaiional Herald Tribune 


MADRID — In one very important 

S I ace, at least, there is no resistance or 
oubt concerning NATO expansion: In 
Germany, it is a historical victory, a 
vision of peace come to the country's 
eternally turbulent doorway. 

In the United Stales, expansion is 
mostly a matter of cost and new and 
uncertain responsibilities. In France, it 
involves domestic party positioning and 
proving a French international presence 
throagh contrarian politics. Even in the 
eastern European countries likely to 
enter file North Atlantic Treaty Orga- 
nization — Poland, Hungary and the 


Czech Republic — there is concerned 
debate about whether the money to be 
spent could not be be tier used on eco- 
nomic development than arms and in- 
frastructure. 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

But for Germany, the issue is else- 
where. The expanded alliance means 
that for the first time in its history, the 
German nation will be surrounded, sig- 
natures at the bottom of the treaty, by 
sworn friends. 

The centuries-long tortures of inse- 
curity to its east, whether real or ima- 
gined or manufactured by the Germans 
themselves, can fade into insignificance 


with Poland's NATO membership and 
Russia’s active involvement in a co- 
operation agreement with the alliance at 
its new eastern border. 

In the rosiest of perspectives, it is as if 


Germany were overcoming its own geo- 
graphy, with its peaceful habits of the 
last 50 years now being matched by the 
coming of a political reality that makes 
Germany an objectively less intimidat- 
ing place for all of its neighbors. 

There is no German triumphalism 
here: the fragility of the expansion pro- 
cess itself and the gray habits of post- 
war German diplomacy rule it out. 

Yet the obviousness and the enorai- 

See EUROPE, Page 7 


NATO Puzzle: Can It Still Be Effective? 


By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Service 


PARIS — When President Bill Clin- 
ton and other NATO leaders meet in 
Madrid on Tuesday to open the alliance 
to formerly Communist countries in 
Central Europe, the big question is not 
really which ones will join. 

It is, instead, whether an expanded 
alliance can continue to provide security 
and stability in a region rife with ethnic 
and nationalistic tensions, like the ones 
that tore Bosnia-Herzegovina apart 
Such tensions are the one immediate 
threat to European security today, and it 
was in Bosnia that the alliance's rel- 


evance to them was first tested. 

Led by the United States, NATO fust 
minimized and later met that challenge. 
But it stumbled considerably before fi- 
nally accepting the use of American air 

Italy presses to include Romania 
and Slovenia in NATO. Page 10. 

power to stop Bosnian Serb aggression 
in the summer of 1995. This stumbling 
was in large pan because the Clinton 
administration misread the conflicting 
signals from its European allies. They 
had kept saying no to u.S. proposals for 
strong military action but would have 


said yes if Washington had been more 
insistent There is, for some, a lesson in 
that experience. 

In a report, leading members of Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl ’ s parliamentary ma- 
jority in Germany concluded recently: 
“Bosnia has made clear that effective 
conflict resolution in Europe is possible 
at die present time only with the active 
involvement of the United States.” 

But on the eve of the Madrid meeting, 
European leaders are again sending con- 
tradictory signals about what they ex- 
pect from America. 

Some of them want greater American 

See NATO, Page 7 


Sampras Wins Wimbledon TitleNo. 4 



A _• • . i - \ ' * •' * ■ 

Daw CwJUiVriir AwxriatoJ Prrv. 

Pete Sampras running for a shot during his men's singles victory 
over France’s Cedric Pioline on center court on Sunday. Page 20. 


AOINPA 

U.S. Might Curtail 
Involvement in Mir 

Washington Post Service 

r'.- As the Rnssian-American crew of 
the damaged space station Mir pre- 
- pared to receive a rescue package from 
Barth; Daniel Goldin, head of the Na- 
tional Aeronautics and Space Admin- 
istration, said in . an interview on 
NBC’s “Most the Press” that the 
' agency was considering the possibility 
^of curtailmg American participation in 
the joint space program. 

A Russian expert, meanwhile, said 
‘the latest navigation problem on Mir 
had been fixed. Page 2. 

Mexican Vote Marred 

7' SAN ANDRES LARRAIN2AR, 
Mexico (Reuters) Mobs of Mex- 
K^ lhdiam tore apart up.to 25 polling 
: station* and blocked roads Sunday in 
the: troubled southern state of Chiapas, 
witnesses said, maning foe national 
midterm elections, 
j \ ^ : Earlier e&tick. Page 3 ■■ 



Bilan UukMKnco FraM-Pi*** 


ULSTER VIOLENCE : — Catholics in Portadown, Northern Ireland, 
stoning British Array vehicles Sunday after a Protestant Orange Order 
parade through their neighborhood. Sinn Fein, the IRA’s political wing, 
urged Catholics to “take to the streets” to protest the march. Pa* e 5. 


Azerbaijani Oil Gathers Clout in U.S. 

Political Heavyweights Pushing for an End to Investment Restrictions 


By David B. Ottaway 
and Dan Morgan 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The last great oil 
rush of the 20th century — aimed at a 
potential $4 trillion patch in the Caspian 
Sea region of Central Asia — has lured 
a prestigious group of U.S. prospectors: 
former high-ranking government offi- 
cials bent on winning a stake in the 
bonanza for themselves or their compa- 
nies. 

These men — not all from the same 
past administration or party — are 
working together for policy changes 
that they say are needed to put U.S. 
companies on an equal footing with 
foreign competitors in Azerbaijan, a 
small nation that is at the center of a vast 
untapped oil basin. 

Involved in this effort are several 
former members of the administration 
of President George Bush: former na- 
tional security advisers Brent Scowcroft 


and Zbigniew Brzezinski; the former 
White House chief of staff John 
Sununu; former Defense Secretary 
Richard Cheney, and former Secretary 
of State James Baker 3d. President Bill 
Clinton's former Treasury secretary, 
Lloyd Bentsen, is involved as well. 

The involvement of these heavy- 
weights has escalated an intense lob- 
bying and public relations campaign in 
Washington. American oil companies 
hope to ease restrictions on U.S. aid to 
Azerbaijan, allowing them to secure 
U.S. government-backed loans and fi- 
nancial assistance as they tap fields be- 
lieved to hold as much as 200 billion 
barrels — more oil than any region 
outside the Gulf. 

The restrictions were passed by Con- 
gress in 1992 to protest an Azerbaijani 
blockade of its fellow former Soviet 
republic, Armenia. 

American oil company executives 
say Azerbaijan officials have hinted that 
as long as official U.S. policy continues 


to regard the country as something of a 
pariah, they might favor Norwegian, 
British, Russian, French and Iranian oil 
companies in granting the next batch of 
drilling concessions, which will cover 
the country’s largest reserves of gas and 
petroleum. 

U.S. oil companies and other poten- 
tial investors also contend that without 
U.S. government-backed loans and oth- 
er support now forbidden under restric- 
tions imposed by Congress, non-U.S. 
oil companies backed by their own gov- 
ernments will have an advantage. 

The Caspian oil boom has provided a 
unique business opportunity for many 
of these political heavyweights. 

Mr. Scowcroft, for example, was paid 
5100,000 in 1996 by Pennzoii Co. for 
“consulting on special international 
projects,” according to the company’s 
latest annual report The former Bush 
adviser also earned a $30,000 director’s 

See ODL, Page 7 


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Adieu to the Windsors: Love Story of Century Goes on the Block 


By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 




PARIS — In yet another drama for the British 
royal family, a new everything-must-go sale is 
coming up this falL 

The entire contents of foe Duke and Duchess of 
Windsor’s Paris mansion — from her mono- 
grammed lingerie and his parent leather evening 
shoes to foe table at winch he signed his abdication 
as king of En gland in 1936 — is to be put up for 

auc tion. The announcement will be made Monday. 
Mohamed al Fayed, the Egyptian-bom financier 


who owns Harrods in London and who bought foe 
villa's contents after the Duchess of Windsor’s 
death in 1986, has planned the sale for September 
at Sotheby's New York. It will be the largest 
selection of royal memorabilia ever sold. 

A series of catalogues of the 40,000 lots — 
including the faded photographs of an Edwardian 
childhood, a library of boob (some signed by 
Queen Victoria), furnishings and paintings — have 
been secretly prepared. 

All the objects will go under the hammer in the 
week-long sale. Sotheby's is expecting similar 
excitement to that surrounding its sale of foe Duch- 


ess of Windsor’s jewelry in Geneva in 1987 or foe 
more recent Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis auction. 

Like foe sale of Princess Diana’s dresses held 
last month by Christie’s, all the money from the 
Windsor auction is destined for charities, which 
will be chosen by -Mr. Fayed. He bought the 
contents of the villa in foe Bois de Boulogne from 
the Pasteur Institute, beneficiary of the duchess’s 
will, with the encouragement of Jacques Chirac, 
then mayor of Paris. 

The sale will excite historians, but it has sent 
shock waves through foe British royal family, who 
were informed only last week. 


A source in London said that the timing of the 
Sotheby’s announcement is causing particular an- 
guish to Prince Charles, who is preparing a 50th 
birthday celebration for his partner, Camilla Parker 
Bowles, on July 17. He is trying to sell his skeptical 
family on the concept of a “morganatic ’ ’ marriage 
in which his future wife would not take on royal 
titles and functions. This was the solution proposed 
by the Duke of Windsor, the former EdwaraVUI, 
and his failure to get government and the public to 
buy it led to foe abdication crisis. . 

See AUCTION Jtage 7 




-IU 


R 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


V* 


PAGE TWO 


Exultation Over Pathfinder / A 'Remarkable Place' 


Scientists Cheer Its Touchdown on a Flood Plain 


By Kathy Sawyer 

Wto/li/Lg/ivi Pair Serricr 


P ASADENA, California — 
The landing site of the Mars 
explorer Pathfinder has 
proved much more interesting 
than scientists had anticipated. 

For one thing, it is not where they 
thought it was. For another, the craft 
apparently came perilously close to 
bouncing down inside a large crater. 

Initial images from the Pathfinder 
have revealed several prominent land- 
marks on its horizons, including the 
rim of a crater to the south that is three 
miles (five kilometers) wide, and a 
l ,200- foot -high (300-meter) knob 
against a salmon-colored sky to the 
west. 

By comparing those features with 
aerial views of the Martian landscape 
taken by the Viking Landers two de- 
cades ago, flight team officials say 
they have determined precisely where 
Pathfinder set down. 

“Notice bow close we came to a 
rather large crater,” said an imaging 
scientist, Peter Smith of the Uni- 
versity of Arizona. 

The landing spot is just outside the 
final zone where navigators had ex- 
pected it would land but it is well 
within the target region, an ancient 
flood plain known as Ares Vallis. 

The panoramic views returned 
from the landing site — where sci- 
entists believe water once flowed 
from south to north — show large 
rocks that ail seem to lean toward the 
northwest. ‘ ‘Could these rocks be ori- 
ented by the flow of the last flood?" 
Mr. Smith wondered. 

The slopes of the crater are partly 
obscured by the spacecraft now. But 
once Mr. Smith’s team deploys the 
craft’s camera to its full height, the 
surrounding region should be much 


clearer, he said. 

At a distance of about two miles, he 
added, the crater could be close 
enough to be studied. 

It is “a remaricable place we’ve 
discovered,” said the mission's chief 
scientist, Matthew Golombek. “This 
is the biggest flood in the solar sys- 
tem.” 

In perhaps the fust instance of plan- 
etary one-upmanship. Mr. Golombek 
gleefully compared his dramatic land- 
scape with the “dreadfully flat" Mars 
glimpsed by the Viking landers of the 
1970s. 

Viking 2 could never even figure 
out where it was he because there 
were no landmarks. 

“Look at how boring the spot looks 


compared to where we landed," he 
said, pointing to a Viking 1 image. If 
Pathfinder bad settled into that crater, 
there would be no dramatic features 
such as the hills and plateaus visible in 
the distance. 

One peculiar feature has puzzled 
the scientists: a black rock-like pro- 
trusion on the northwestern horizon, 
which the scientists have named “the 
Couch." It seems to be twin peaks or, 
some speculate, it could be the para - 1 
chute discarded by Pathfinder as it 
landed. 

Another rock in the foreground re- 
sembles a table, the scientists said. As 
images rolled in, it became clear that 
Pathfinder's southern view looks a lot 
more like the Viking sites, Mr. Go- 


lombek conceded — flat but with 
smaller rocks. 

Although he called Pathfinder’s lo- 
cation "just about ideal," Mr. Go- 
lombek said it was chosen for its 
safety as a landing strip — and that 
turned out to be a little oft. Since the 
strip is strewn with jagged and treach- 
erous rocks, some members of the 
team have marveled that the craft 
bounced through all that in such good 
shape. 

“This shows a topography and re- 
lief that we've never seen on Mars 
before," Mr. Golombek said. 

One goal of the mission is to study 
the form and structure of the Martian 
surface and its geology, including the 
mineralogy of surface materials. Mr. 


Golombek said that, despite the 
roughness of the terrain, it is clear 
there are paths safe for the roving 
robot Sojourner to travel. 

Fairly near the craft is a rock that 
appears to be about 10 inches tall, he 
saia. 

That could be a hazard to the rover, 
despite its nigged design. But the oth- 
er rocks are only a few inches high and - 
quite manageable. 

As -for which rocks he wants to 
study. Mr. Golombek said. “I’d love 
to go to 20 of them right now." Blit 
the decision, be added, depends on 
which ones “our little buddy" can 
reach. The rocks for study are also 
being selected in part on the basis of 
their colors. 



The Mars 
explorer 
Soj owner, left, 
waiting on 
Pathfinder ; 
when it was 
kept from the 
surface by an 
airbag that 
failed to 
deflate fully . 
Scientists in 
Pasadena, 
below, were 
jubilant when 
the craft 
finally rolled 
across the 
surface. 


Crew on Mir 
Awaits Relief 
And Gets a Bit 
Of Good News 




Visiting the Red Planet on the Cheap 


By William j. Broad 

Afar York Times Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — Spaceprobes used 
to cost $1 billion a pop. But that was 
before the U.S. space agency, strug- 
gling to slash costs while raising qual- 
ity, built Sojourner, the unassuming 
gadget the size of a child's riding toy 
mat is roving across die dry Martian 
landscape, on the cheap. 

Sojourner is to wander around Mars 
for at least a week, taking close-up 
pictures of rocks and analyzing their 
chemical makeup, shedding light on 
the inner nature of Mars. If it is highly 
successful, it will operate for a 
month. 

"It’s the culmination of a lifelong 
dream for me,” said Donna Shirley, 
the vehicle's designer and head of 
Mars exploration at the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administra- 
tion's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 
Pasadena, California. 

“Going vicariously is not quite as 
good as being there," the 55-year-old 
engineer said of robotic exploration. 
“But it’s a lot easier." 

It's a lot cheaper, too, especially as 
mission designers have kept a sharp 
eye on expenses, mainly through us- 
ing “off the shelf" parts rather than 
developing new ones. 

Costing a mere $25 million, the six- 
wheeled rover has small motors and a 
modest computer brain (with just 


6,500 transistors, compared with 5.5 
milli on in the best Pentium models). It 
has just enough zip ro make scientific 
headway, and no more. Any radio- 
controlled car from a hobby shop can 
go faster. 

The first hint of its birth came in 
the 1980s as Dr. Shirley dreamed of 
putting roving vehicles on the red 

"All the people involved 
have been rather 
ingenious at doing 
things at lower cost.’ 

planet, seeking a way to follow up on 
the successful but expensive Viking 
missions of the 1970s, which cost the 
equivalent of $3 billion in cument 
dollars. She eventually headed a pan- 
el that said a return to Mars, if ever to 
be more than a dream, had to pinch 
pennies. 

NASA balked at that advice. Bui in 
1992, Daniel Goldin was appointed 
administrator of the space agency and 
started a campaign ro revitalize it by 
making its projects smaller, cheaper, 
faster and bener. 

Rather quickly. Dr. Shirley’s plan 
got a thumbs up. And she was chosen 
to coordinate the new Mars push. 

Her low-cost approach got a mel- 
ancholy lift in August 1993 as 


NASA’s $1 billion Mars Observer 
craft failed just days before reaching 
its goal. The reason for its demise 
remains a mystery. 

The rover that developed under Dr. 
Shirley’s guidance is the heart of the 
S266 million Mars Pathfinder mis- 
sion. It weighed only 15.5 kilograms 
(about 34 pounds) at bunching and a 
mere 10 kilograms now that it's on the 
Martian surface, where gravity is 
weaker than on Earth. 

At top speed, the vehicle crawls 
along at just 40 centimeters (16 
inches) a minute, or 24 meters (80 
feet) an hour. It has three cameras — a 
forward stereo pair and a rear-looking 
one. 

Its solar-power cells are sufficient 
ro energize the rover for several hours 
a day, even in the worst dust storms. 
As a backup, the rover also has D-cell 
batteries. For the sake of simplicity 
and economy, they are not re- 
chargeable. 

The rover’s brain is an Intel 
80C85 processor, selected for its 
low- cost and ruggedness. In speed 
and power, it lags behind many pro- 
cessors in the commercial computer 
market. 

The rover carries an alpha proton 
X-ray spectrometer that will be 
pressed against soil and rock outcrop- 
pings to study their composition. Col- 
lecting data for each sample will take 
as long as 10 hours, providing the first 



h,-turi. [ipnvZLMu'Rriu- *> 


chemical analyses of what Mars is 
made of. as well as insights into its 
evolution and geological history. 

John Wellman, the head of exper- 
iment operations for Mars Pathfinder, 


said that doing the mission on the 
cheap was "a challenge for all of us.” 
But in the end, he said, “all the people 
involved have been rather ingenious 
at doing things at lower cost." 


. CixfipiM bf Out S& tff Front Doporhn ■ j*. 

MOSCOW . — * The Riissian-U.S. 1 \i 
crew aboard the crippled Mlr stafion 
received good news Sunday after, the •>£;- 
worst trouble in its 11 -year history, "-y , 
The latest navigation problem of die ‘4 
station has been fixed and gyrodines ■ — "V- 
devices that keep its solar panels lined 
up to the sun to gain maximum power— 
are now working, according to a mission : « 
control expert. ’ ■ : V /' ' « r 

A cargo craft on the way to Mir with* * 
relief supplies is expected to dock Mon- 
1 day with the aging station, : =. _ 

“We’re confident we can pull this 
off. Things are looking good , 1 saicLa 
ground control official, Who asked noC - 
to be identified. . . . 

The Progress M-35 cargo ship lifted* 
off Saturday from the Baikonur space 
complex in the forma' Soviet republic j 
of Kaza k stan, rallying oxygen, food, 5 ' , 
water and repair tools. It is set to dock - '' 
with the Mir Monday morning 250 
. miles (400 kilometers) above the earth. * 

At the . Mission Control Center out- -V . 
side Moscow, officials clapped as they j 
watched the Progress enter an orbit less 
than 10 minutes after takeoff, its tra- - 
jectory tracked by a light on a giant waif-" 
map. 

“Yesterday evening all 12 gyrodmes^ 
have been put into motion and they now -.1 
work in a stable manner,” the mission*'* 
control expert said by telephone. Ti- 
Sergei Krikalyov, deputy mission-', 
chief, said Thursday that there had been/**- 
an unexplained malfunction in all of the- 
station’s gyrodines. The result was that^ 
the cosmonauts had to fire their rocket r 
engines ro keep Mir lined up with tbe r < 
sun and to prevent further loss of elec--' • 
trie power. 

The station lost up to half its power on> 
June 25 after a collision with an un-*-' 
manned cargo craft punctured the Spek-^^i 
tr scientific module and' cut off supplies'* ;• 
from some panels. *\- 

The two Russians aboard, Vasili 
Tsibliyev, commander of die station, *- . ‘ 
and Alexander Lazutkin, Mir's engi- 
neer, and the British-born U.S. astro-"' . 
naut Michael Foale were all feeling fine, '■ 
he said. 

The mission control expert who"- 
asked not to be identified also said that a 
panel of a solar battery on Progress M- ’ - 
35 did not unfold properly after take-off-’ 
but “it unfolded fully today and the ship * 
is getting 100 percent energy. All sys- 
tems of the Progress work normally." ■* 

The fixing of the gyrodines followed ■ 
the latest bout of trouble that occurred";' 
Tuesday but was disclosed only Sat- * 
urday, when Russian and NASA of- 
ficials confirmed that there had been a ’ - 
mystery leak in the Spekr module. 

A Russian specialist said: “Five days 
ago, in one of our communications with . 
the crew, we were told they had seen - '", 
flakes and bubbles from an unknown > 
source leaking from the Spektr mod- 
ule.” It was not fueL he added. 

“We are very concerned about what"’ 
was in that module,” Frank Culbertson , 1 * 
the veteran astronaut who runs NASA’s 
missions to Mir, said at a news con- 
ference. His concern focused on "what”:* 
might have ruptured, and what die ira-" 
pact might be on the suited crew mem- “ 
bers." 

The white flakes seen escaping from . ' 

Mir on Tuesday may have been caused * ' 
by something bursting inside the mod-"- 
ule and leaking through the station’s-’ 
ruptured hull or could have come from a 'J- 
damaged radiator cm the exterior of the 
module, he said. ( Reuters , AP) ‘ 


Have you been to 


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Don't miss it. A lot happens there. 


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Eurotunnel Says Inquiry Clears It 

PARIS (Reuters) — A French judicial inquiry into a fire 
that seriously damaged a section of the Channel Tunnel in 
November has cleared the Anglo-French operator Eurotunnel, 
its executive chairman said Sunday. 

“Neither Eurotunnel nor the lorry company is responsible." 
Patrick Ponsolle said on Europe I radio. He said a judicial 
inquiry into the causes of the fire would be made public in the 
near future, but he declined to say whether it was an act of 
arson. “One is never immune from criminal acts." he said. 

But the inquiry' had already shown that Eurotunnel's in- 
stallations ana systems were not to blame for the fire, he said. 

Let the Bull Runs Begin 

PAMPLONA. Spain ( AP) — Thousands of revelers un- 
corked champagne, cheered and swayed shoulder to shoulder 
Sunday as a rocket signaled the start of Pamplona's San Fermin 
festival, whose highlight is the daily running of the bulls. 

The partying usually continues straight through to Monday 
morning and the first of the bull runs.” in which hundreds of 
festival-goers dodge six black bulls as they run the namow 
cobblestone srreets to the bullring. 

This P eek’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 
this week because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Guj-ina. T.inzoni. 1 . Yemen. YupujLavu Zambia. 

TUESDAY: Bhutan. Zambia 

WEDNESDAY : Ar^vniuu. Morocco. 

THURSDAY: Bahama*. Moncolia. 

SuBft u . J P Mvrxun. Reiner A. Bltwniivrg 


Europe 


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Forecast tot Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWeather. Asia 



i ___ i _ UrKaasonaPT/ 

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North America Europe 
A storm wfll mow from the There may be some show 
Midwest Wednesday into ers m Scotland, but the 
New England Friday: test ot England. France, 
heavy rains are possible Germany ana soutnern 
nonh oi me storm horn the Scandinavia will be nice 
Upper Midwest into New with some sun Wednesday 
York stale. Warm and through Friday Cool 
humid along ihe Atlantic across Eastern Europe 
SeaDoard with scanned writ some drench mg rams 
thunderstorms Thunder- kLely from western Turks"/ 
alarms win also be m [he into Romania Sunny and 
northern Plains warm in Barcelona 


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png ana over all of northern 
and western China Ram 
mil be heavy at wnes from 
near Shanghai into south- 
central Chma Humid with 
snowers ai Hang Kong 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


RAGES 


THE AMERICAS 


iMir 

Relief 
ts a Bit 
INews 

^fFrrmiDi^ttihn 

The Russian-US 
appled Mir station 
s Sunday after rhe 
11 -year history, 
lion problem of th e 
» and gyrodines — 
s solar panels li ned 

hmximum power 

cording to a mission 

the way to Mir wiih 
>ected to dock Mon- 
>ianon. 

n we can piiU thk - 
good, ’ said a 
:iai. who asked not; 

35 cargo ship lifted' 
the Baikonur spao- 
ner Soviet republic 
/ing oxygen, food ' 
3ls. It is set to dock 
iday morning ^5i) 
ts) above rhe earth 
-ontrol Center oui- 
ials clapped as the\ 

!S enter an orbit less 
ter takeoff, its t ra . 
light on a giant wall 

ingali 12 gyrodines 
lotion and rhey now 
inner,' ‘ the mission 
yy telephone, 
v, deputy mission 
■ that there had been 
function in ail of the 
The result was that 
l to fire their rocket 
t lined up with the 
further loss of elee- 

3 to half its power on 
Uision with an un- 
punctured the Spek- 
and cur off supplies 

ins aboard, Vasili 
ider of the station, 
zutkin. Mir's engi- 
sh-bom U.S. as i ro- 
wer e ail feeling fine. 

jntrol expert who 
dfied also said that a 
tery on Progress M- 
operly after take-off 
ly today and the shi p ' 

:m energy. All >w 
s work normally." ' 
gyrodines followed 
ouble that occurred 
disclosed only Sai- 
tah and NASA of- ■ 
tat there had been a 
Spekr module, 
list said: “Five days 
jmmunicanons w nh 
told they had seen 
from an unknown 
■n the Spektr mod- 
1, he added, 
ncemed about what 
” Frank Culbertson, 
it who runs NASA > • 
aid at a news con- 
n focused on “whai 
d, and what the mi- 
e suited crew mem- 

seen escaping from 
iy have been caused ■ 
ing inside the mod- 
rouah the station s 

Id have come from a 

n the exterior of the 
(Reuters. AP> 


ic a - — rrrrZ 

*e rtE SS 


yj-7 l&fr 1 P 5 

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St®* 


Elections Could Set Off Revolution in Mexican Political System 


By Molly Moore 
and John Wad Anderson 

- ' Vfasftmgiw Pag Service 

QUERETARO, Mexico — - In this 
State capital of shaded colonial plazas 
and sprawling U.S. auto-parts factories, 
Mexican politics has become the tale of a 
family ripped asunder, with two brothers 
and a cousin slugging it out for the gov- 
ernorship in the elections held Sunday. 

One brother represents die party that 
has ruled Mexico for nearly seven de- 
cades. The other has broken ranks to run 
in the ticket of a small leftist party. And 
the cousin is the candidate of the center- 
right opposition party. . 

But the internecine campaign for the 
governor’s mansion in this small state, 
160 kilometers (100 miles) northwest of 
Mexico City, has proved far more than a 
family soap opera. The contest in Que- 


retaro — the birthplace of Mexico's 
modem government — reflected the 
deep political divisions nationwide that 
threaten to produce unprecedented elec- 
toral defeats for the ruling Institutional 
Revolutionary Party, known from its 
Mexican acronym as the PRL the- 
world's longest-governing political 

^“This election is more important than 
a race between two brothers — it’s a 
question of democracy in Mexico,” said 
Jose Luis Martinez, a 35-year-old teach- 
er who joined colleagues in an anti- 
govemmem rally in front of the Que- 
retaro governor's palace last week. 

Never before in modem Mexican his- 
tory have opposition parties entered an 
election with such potential for dividing 
voters and fracturing the government. If 
die elections live up to their advance 
billing as the country’s fairest and most 


competitive ever, Mexico could be near 
becoming a true multiparty democracy. 

A leftist opposition candidate, 
Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano, is 
poised to win modem Mexico City's 
first election for mayor, a formerly ap- 
pointive office now predicted to become 
the most influential in the country after 
the presidency. 

And the ruling party, which has con- 
trolled every level of the federal gov- 
ernment for 68 years, risked losing its 
majority in the Chamber of Deputies, the 
lower house of the Mexican Congress, 
where all 500 seats were being con- 
tested. Opposition parties also were 
likely to nuke gains in the Senate, where 
a quarter of the 128 seals are open. 

The midterm elections were the first 
major referendum on the ruling party 
since the 1994 election of President Ern- 
esto Zedillo, who just weeks after he look 


office devalued the Mexican peso, setting 
off the country’s steepest recession in 60 
years. The elections also followed the 
revelations of scandal and corruption that 
permeated the administration of former 
President Carlos S alinas de Gortari. 

Disenchantment with the ruling patty 
had been growing for years but coin- 
cided this election season with the gov- 
ernment's own initiatives intended to 
make elections more fair. 

Because three-quarters of the Senate 
seats are not up for election, the PRJ is 
guaranteed a majority there until at least 
2000. But under a complicated formula 
for proportional representation, the PRJ 
needed 42 percent of the nationwide vote 
to keep its absolute majority in the fed- 
eral Chamber of Deputies. 

Mexico has not had a divided gov- 
ernment since the 1910-17 Mexican Rev- 
olution. raising questions about how the 


country would function. How effective 
would the president be at negotiating 
with an opposition chamber after 68 
years of ordaining decisions to a rubber- 
stamp Congress? Would the chamber, 
which controls the budget, dig in on 
money matters? Would it start corruption 
investigations of die son that the PRI has 
always used its majority to stymie? 

“Mexico is going to cross a threshold, 
and what’s coming is the turmoil and 
uncertainty of trying to reform insti- 
tutions that have failed or that aren't 
needed anymore,” said Sergio Aguayo, 
a political analyst who heads Civic Al- 
liance, an independent government 
watchdog group. 

In Queretaro. a state of 1.2 million 
residents, the same issues are being 
played exit on the local political stage. 

“What you are seeing is an advance- 
ment of democracy and proof that power 


Key Points Stymie 
Senate Funds Panel 

Donations Hearings Start Tuesday 


* By Lena H. Sun 

Washington Post Ser\U:e 

WASHINGTON — Inves- 
tigators preparing for Senate 
bearings that open this week 
have traveled thousands of 
miles, ridden femes in Ma- 
cao, dodged anti-U.S. protests 
in Jakarta and even trekked to 
a B uddhis t order's mountain- 
top headquarters in Taiwan. 

They nave scoured White 
House electronic mail, tele- 
phone logs of the Democratic 
National Committee and 
complex international finan- 
cial transactions. They have 
Jheir own “Deq> Throat,” an 
Anonymous government 
source who regularly sugges- 
tedimitful areas toprobe until 
he suddenly cut on contact. 

- Those efforts have turned 

X some tantalizing nuggets 
ut John Huang, the former 
Democratic National Com- 
mittee fund-raiser at the center 
of foe controversy, as the Sen- 
ate panel investigating cam- 
paign finan ce abuse opens 
televised hearings Tuesday. 

Still, it is unlikely the Sen- 
ate panel will tie np all of the 
scandal's mysteries as neatly 
as an Agatha Christie novel. 
While Republicans say the 
hearings \ wjU ■ produce sub- 
stantive revelations about the 
role of foreign money and na- 
tional security breaches, the 
panel has been stymied on 
sense fundamental questions, 
sources in both parties said. 

Among them: Ifthere was a 
plot by foreign governments 
to pomp money into U.S. 
elections, was it implemen- 
ted, and if so, how? Where did 
pethree men who raised most 
of the questionable money for 
the Democratic Party last year 
-— Mr. Huang, Charles Yah 
Lin. Trie and Johnny Chung 
— get their funds? Was Mr. 

S engaged in an effort to 
ille gal funds into the 
camraugn? If so, did anyone 
at the Democratic National 
Committee or in the Clinton 

adnanutration know about it? 
Did JVfr. Huang pass classified 
mfoamation to his former em- 
ployer, foe Iippo Group? 

These questions remain un- 
answered largely because 
some key witnesses are not 
cooperating. Mr. Trie, a 
farme r Lime Rock restaurat- 
eur and friend oFPresident Bill 


Clinton's, has fled overseas. 
Mr. Trie's Macao business 
partner, another important fig- 
ure, hung up on an investi- 
gator who surprised him by 
calling his mobile phone. 

Some others, like Mr. 
Huang, have invoked their 
privilege against self-incrim- 
ination. Former top Demo- 
cratic committee officials who 
have been enormously suc- 
cessful in business and politics 
have suffered major memory 
lapses. And partisan fighting 
has slowed the panel’s ability 
to give witnesses immunity. 

Ultimately, the answers to 
these questions may have to 
come from die Justice De- 
partment, which is conduct- 
ing a separate criminal inves- 
tigation into allegations of 
illegal foreign influence in 
last year’s election. 

Fred Thompson, the Repub- 
lican of Tennessee who heads 
the Senate Governmental Af- 
fairs Committee and more than 
two decades ago was chief 
minority counsel to die Senate 
Watergate committee, has said 
he wants to let Americans look 
behind die curtain of govern- 
ment and the operations erf" last 
year’s campaign. 

“Is there a bombshell that 
is going to stand America on 
its head? I don’t drink so,” 
said Panl Clark, committee 
spokesman. “But it’s going 
to be productive.” 

The hearings’ first phase — 
which will focus on foreign 
money — will run possibly 
until die first week of August 
Most of the allegations deal 
with the Democrats’ 1996 
presidential campaign, bnt 
Republicans also will have to 
answer charges that they il- 
legally used foreign money. 

For example, the National 
Policy Forum, set up in 1993 
by the then-chairman of the 
Republican National Commit- 
tee, Haley Barbour, received 
mere than $700,000 in 1996 
from a U.S. company con- 
trolled and funded by a Hong 
Kong executive. 

The second phase, to begin 
in September, will focus on 
“soft money,” the large, un- 
regulated donations that cor- 
porations, unions and wealthy 
individuals give to the nation- 
al parties and, Mr. Clark said, 
“reforming the system a little 
bit.” 


Clinton Deadline Unavailing 

- WASHINGTON — A funny thing happened on the 
way, to President Bill Clinton’s theatrically declared 
. .deadline for campaign finance reform. Nothing. 

’/• The. Fourth ofJuly came and went without-a vote, let 
;,alone a law, and .there is scant prospect of one later this 
year Jberoesideut and his party can only complain about 
inaction; They still raise money under a system Mr. 
L - Clinto n recommends banning — the soft money parties 
. can take outside; the limits applied to donations to can- 
didates and their campaigns. (AP) 

Rubin Urges Tax Bill Reunites 

C-; WASHINGTON —Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin 

V has warned that President Clin ton is unlikely to support 
j. tax-cutplans voted last month by the House and Senate 

! ; unless negotiators rewritemajor elements in the bills. 

1 Mr; Rubin expressed concern that both proposals 
would tilt overwhelmingly in favor of wealthy taxpayers 

V over the next 10 years and could lead to an “explosion” 

- m fedeial deficits over a 20-year period. (WPJ 

N.Y.C. Unions Shim Democrats 

V NEW YORK — Democratic candidates for mayor of 
tN^TorkCityhavefailed to win the backing of the city’s 
^raost powerftdunionSi a traditional bastion of support. 

■ ■ Several important unions have already backed Mayra* 
‘Rudolph Giuliani, includin g the 100,000-member Bund- 
ling Trades CounraL-and municipal unions that have long 
'supported Democratic candidate s have thus far refrained 
jfrom making an endorsement. (NYT) 


Quote /Unquote 


1. Sandra Seegais, race a supporter, on why . she is 
■helping lead a movement to recall Mayor Marion Barry of 
[Washington: “After be went to prison he said he was 
'rehabilitated, but he just told lies again. Marion Bany is 
“selling out the city at wholesale prices.” (Reuters) 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

Celebrating 1947 Spree, 
Bikers Skip Rough Stuff 

Fifty years after bikers invaded 
the quiet farm town of Hollister. 
California, creating the blood -and- 
alcobol-soaked chaos that would 
inspire the film “The Wild One,” 
they came roaring back last week- 
end. Tens of thousands of motor- 
cyclists jammed the streets to cel- 
ebrate that earlier boisterousness. 

“That event is the thing that 
really started it all,” said Thomas 
Andersson, a Hariey-Davidson 
rider, referring to the romanti- 
cized image of freedom and re- 
belliousness on two wheels. 

In 1947. motorcyclists turned 
the main street into a race track 
and even rode through a hotel 
lobby. Dozens were arrested in 
what was called the “Battle of 
Hollister. ” It marked the start of 
an American subculture that 
spawned imitators worldwide. 

But while beer, leather and in- 
efficient mufflers were in abund- 
ance last weekend, die bikers have 
changed. Most of tee early en- 
thusiasts were young veterans of 
World War n. hardened and 
hungry for action. “Today, you 
have CEOs, doctors, and house- 



BfH Maijpu/Uv Anc ik ud FVa 

Motorcycles lining a street in Hollister, California, as bikers paraded during the commemoration. 


wives and formers,” said Senator 
Ben Nighteorse Campbell of Col- 
orado, an avid biker who dropped 
in. “If anything,” he said, “mo- 
torcycles have become an escape 
from high-stress lifestyles.” 

The atmosphere had definitely 
lightened. Harleys, BMWs and 
Triumphs paraded sedately. They 
snarled traffic, but otherwise there 


was little to report “They’re so I Short Takes 


polite,” said a local resident, Leah 
Sayre — a comment that would 
have made the earlier bikers cringe. 
Businesses proclaimed themselves 
4 ‘biker friendly” and a chiropract- 
or offered “biker specials.” 

“I’m having so much fun,” 
said Fritz Liebenberg, a T-shirt 
salesman, ”1 should be twins.” 


One of the country's most 
promising young paleontologists 
is Sam Girouard of Bellingham, 
Washington. He has found pos- 
sibly tee oldest American masto- 
don bone yet uncovered (4.5 mil- 
lion years, to be more or less 
precise), has given presentations to 


is not eternal,” said Jose Ortiz Arana, S3, 
tee older brother and gubernatorial can- 
didate who, after spending more than half 
of his life as a PRI official and federal 
congressman, left the party in February to 
run as the candidate for the small, leftist 
Cardeuista Party. Blasting the PRI as 
undemocratic after it selected his brother 
to be a candidate, Jose Ortiz said, “People 
want a change here in Mexico that will 
take us into tee next millennium.’' 

His brother and opponent. Fernando, 
52, who was considered as a presidential 
candidate for the PRJ in 1994, conceded 
that while change might not be good for 
tee PRI, it would benefit Mexico. 
“There’s much more political compe- 
tition in all the states,’ ’ he said. “It makes 
for better parties and better candidates. ” 
The cousin, Ignacio Loyola Vera, rep- 
resented tee center-right National Ac- 
tion Party. 


paleontological societies and 
donated his finds to museums. And 
he is ooly 1 5 years old He sat in on 
his first university geology class at 
age 12 and hopes to graduate by 
age 18. He likes nothing bener than 
to crawl around an ancient lake bed 
on hands and knees poking for 
dinosaur bones. The secret, he says, 
is focus: “It doesn't matter bow 
you feel, how hot it is. bow cold it 
is, how many insects are biting you. 
You get so focused, you don’t 
know any of tee distractions." 

Ed (The Animal) Krachie, all 
6 feet 7 inches and 330 pounds of 
him, was a beaten man. And he 
couldn't understand why. “I 
don’t know where they put it,” he 
said after finishing in a hot-dog 
eating contest behind a pair of 
diminutive Japanese. “Bote of 
those guys put together weigh less 
than me,” Mr. Krachie said. 

. He was not exaggerating. Hiro- 
fiimi Nakajima, at 135 pounds (61 
kilograms), ate 24V4 hot dogs in 12 
minutes, and Kazutoyo Arai, who 
weighs just 100 pounds, consumed 
24. Mr. Krachie downed 20, fin- 
ishing third in a crushing blow to 
American pride. The two-time 
champion was clearly deflated — 
maybe disappointed is a better 
word — and announced his re- 
tirement. Mr. Nakajima, 22. a fur- 
niture delivery man from Kofu, 
declined to reveal the secret of his 


- Brian Knowlton 


Away From Politics 

• The C-130 Hercules transport plane, workhorse of 

U.S. military operations, sometimes loses power' in all 
four engines and tee Air Force cannot explain why, the 
Boston Globe has reprated. It said the planes had ex- 
perienced 58 sudden power reductions in tee last 1 1 years 
and a crash that killed 1 1 reservists. (AP) 

• The United Church of Christ has voted overwhelm- 
in^y to unite with three other Protestant denominations — 
the Presbyterian Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
and the Refrained Church. They will share ministers and 
congregations fra the first time in four centuries. (AP) 

• Maryland's two most populous counties — Prince 
Georges County and Montgomery County — have be- 
come tee latest municipalities to adopt laws requiring tear 
handguns be sold with a safety lock fra the trigger. 
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Chicago and more than a 
dozen cities and counties in California also have enacted 
laws to reduce shootings in the borne by children. (NYT) 

• The bodies of two men missing since a deadly Fourth 

of July fireworks explosion aboard an Illinois barge have 
been found in tee Mississippi River. (AP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


ASWPACIFIC 


Hong Kong Opposition Vows to Fight On 


BRIEFLY 


By Keith B. Richburg 

ItaJffiivfrif p,t n Servh c 


HONG KONG — Mem- 
bers of the dominant political 
party, dismissed from their le- 
gislative seats by Beijing, un- 
veiled over the weekend a 
shadow caucus to monitor 
their appointed replacements 
and prepare for legislative 
elections in 199S, the terri- 


Government 


Makes Gains 


In Tokyo Voting 


L'layil, J M Our Sniff b'r-iil £kf*a. firs 

TOKYO — Prime Minis- 
ter Ryutaro Hashimoto’s Lib- 
eral Democratic Party and the 
Japanese Communist Party 
both made significant gains 
Sunday in local government 
elections in Tokyo. 

The biggest loser was Ja- 
pan's main national opposi- 
tion party, the New Frontier 
Party, which did not win a 
single seat. Turnout, at about 
10 percent of eligible voters, 
was a record low. 

The contest for 1 27 seats in 
the Tokyo Metropolitan As- 
sembly was regarded as a test 
of voter mood in the country’s 
largest city. 

The next national elections 
are to be held in July 1998, for 
half of the 252 seats in Par- 
liament’s upper house. 

( Reuters. AFP) 


lory’s first under Chinese 
rale. 

‘ 1 Our confidence only 
grows with ihe passage of 
ume.'‘ said Martin Lee. 
chairman of the Democratic 
Party. 

Still, he acknowledged that 
expected changes in voting 
rales would make it difficult 
for the party to win seats. 

Nineteen former legislat- 
ors from the Democratic 
Party said the new legislature, 
which was appointed and not 
elected, amounted to a “rub- 
ber stamp" for both China 
and the new chief executive. 
Tung Chee-hwa. 

[Another leading pro-de- 
mocracy figure. Emily Lau, 
called Sunday for clear limits 
to be set on the powers of 
China's People’s Liberation 
Army in Hong Kong, Reuters 
reported. 

[In an interview with gov- 
ernment radio, she said that 
Mr. Tung has no control over 
the Chinese soldiers “unlike 
die British colonial governor 
who was always commander- 
in-chief of the garrison.’’ 

[Ms. Lau is a former mem- 
ber of the Democratic Party, 
but now has her own political 
movement.] 

Many of the legislators ap- 


show up at future meetings of 
the new panel and monitor its 
activities from the public gal- 
lery. 

“Over I million of our 


people went to the polls and 
elected us to office for a four- 


elected us to office for a four- 
year term.” Mr. Lee said. “In 
our place, there are now those 
who were defeated by us in 
1995, or .those who didn’t 
even dare to run against us.” 
He added: “The people’s 
choice has been replaced by 
Beijing’s choice.” 

Mr. Lee said- the ousted 
Democratic Party legislators 
would spend the next .10 
months monitoring their re- 
placements, to make sure 
‘ ‘ they do not do anything that 


is prejudicial to our constitu- 
ents." Id some of his 
strongest criticism of the ap- 
pointed body to dale, he said, 
“We see submission — total 
obedience — in the rubber- 
stamp legislature.’’ 

Bur the formidable bloc of 
26 votes in the last legislature 
— members of the Democrat- 
ic Party and other pro-democ- 
racy lawmakers who were 
ousted — face a difficult task 
in keeping their agenda vis- 
ible in the new era of Chinese 
rale. 

The media in Hong Kong, 
while legally enjoying the 
same freedoms as before the 
handover to China July 1, 
largely have taken a relatively 


Ramos’s Sister to Run 


pointed by China were de- 
feated bv Democratic Party 


reared by Democratic Party 
candidates in the last elec- 
tions in 1995. 

Party members made it 
clear that they still consider 
themselves to be Parliament’s 
legitimate representatives, 
ana they said they would 


Luflf'j/n/M Our Saitf Fntu Dtsiwrhn 

MANILA — A faction 
of President Fidel Ramos's 
party endorsed his younger 
sister. Senator Leticia 
Ramos-Shahani. as its can- 
didate Sunday for the pres- 
idential election next year, 
throwing the race for his 
successor wide open. 

The senator, a former 
diplomat, became the fifth 
senior political figure to 
seek the presidency in June 
1998 elections. 

She was endorsed at a 
convention of the People 
Power movement, which 
propelled Mr. Ramos 's 
candidacy in 1992. 


Leaders of the facdon 
said she was the person best 
qualified to continue Mr. 
Ramos ’s economic reforms. 
Although Mr. Ramos has 
said he would not seek an- 
other term, there have been 
moves by his supporters to 
amend the constitution to al- 
low him to run again. 

The other senior politi- 
cians who have declared 
their candidacies are Vice 
President Joseph Estrada; 
the speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Jose de 
Venecia; Defense Secre- 
tary Rena to de Villa; and 
Finance Secretary Roberto 
de Ocampo. (AFP. Reuters) 


favorable stance toward the 
new administration, in a case 
of what journalists and ana- 
lysts here call widespread 
self-censorship. 

Pro-democracy politicians 
concede they are unlikely to 
' get a full airing of their views 
in the mainstream press. 

Moreover, new restrictions 
on ftuid-raising may severely 
limit the Democratic Party 
from seeking donations from 
groups overseas, closing off a 
valuable financial lifeline. 

Parties with pro-China 
links face no restrictions on 
receiving funding from 
Beijing. 

And now that pro-democ- 
racy supporters are no longer 
receiving legislative salaries 
and will be out of office for 
the next 10 months, they risk 
losing staff members and of- 
fice space, and may need ro 
spend what little money they 
have to survive. 



Vfil KusMf'TV V-wiwil.lv>>. 

Laloo Prasad Yadav, who split the Janata Dal, addressing a press conference. 


Perhaps more damaging to 
the long-term prospects of the 
pro-democracy camp, the 
government and the new leg- 
islature are readying bills that 
would redraw the territory’s 
electoral rules to make it easi- 
er for pro-China candidates to 


Call for Vote in India Bhutto Spouse Charged 


The Democratic Party pre- 
dicted Saturday that under the 
new rales, they may only be 
able to win 13 seats in the 60- 
seat legislature in the elec- 
tions that Mr. Tung has said 
he will call next year. 

“They have no intention of 
being humiliated by us.” Mr. 
Lee said. 


NEW DELHI — The main exposition 
party issued a cal J Sunday for fresh par- 
liamentary elections after the principal gov- 
erning party split; further weakening In- 
dia’s fragile coalition government. 

The Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata 
Parry said a national election was necessary 
to end the political uncertainty prevailing in 
New Delhi. 

The demand came a day after Laloo 
Prasad Yadav, the -outgoing and scandal- 
tainted president of Prime Minister Inder 
Kumar Gujral’s Janata Dal group, an- 
nounced the formation of his own break- 
away faction. On Sunday, the Janata Dal 
chose a vocal member of Parliament, 
Shared Yadav, as its new president. (AFP) 


KARACHI — A judge has formally 
charged Benazir Bhutto’s husband with or- 
dering die killing of her estranged brother^. 

Murtaza Bhutto. 43, ran a breakaway, 
faction of his sister’s Pakistan People’s. 
Party until he . was gunned . down Iasi ; 
September. Miss Bhutto had accused Pres- 
ident Farooq Leghari of ordering her broth- 
er’s murder in an attempt to unseat her. 

But Judge Shah Nawaz A wan of the 
Karachi District Court charged Asif Ali 
Zardari, Miss Bhutto’s' husband, and 21 


- former officials with murder and co 


acy in the death of Murtaza Bhutto 


conspir- 
. (API 


VOICES Prom Asia 


North Korea War Games 


For investment information 

Read THE MONEY REPORT 

every Saturday in the IHT. THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


SEOUL — North Korean troops have 
begun exercises marking the third an- 
niversary of the death of the country’s 
founding leader Kim D Sung, but no signs of 
tension have been detected along the bor- 
der. military authorities here said Sunday. 

“North Korean troops launched exer- 
cises starting July 1 alter completing their 
off-barracks mission for rice planting in 
May and June,” the South Korean Defense 
Ministry said in a report. (AFP) 


Zhang Lin, the Chinese dissident who 
was recently released from three years in a 
labor camp, speaking about the abuse he 
said police informers had inflicted on his 
family: “My father had three front teeth 
knocked out, and my mother suffered se- 
rious head injuries and has several lumps 
the size of eggs.” (Reuters) 


Major General M.B. Hutagalnng, 
deputy for operations of the Indonesian 
police, on possible crowd-control tech- 
niques: “We have for some time been con- 
sidering the use of elephants to help forest 
rangers or anti-riot police.' ’ (AFP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


RAGE 5 



EUROPE 


■'in Kuniar'rhr V.—. 

press conference. 

se Charged 

judge has formal!'. 

0 s husband with or- 
t estranged brorher 
L ran a breakauav 

1 Pakistan People 's 
gunned down Ja«.i 
:o had accused Pro - 
f ordering her brc-ih- 
ipr lo unseat her. 
awaz Aw an of ib L - 
I charged Asif Ah 
s husband, and 2! 
nurder and conspir- 
rtaza Bhutto. (AP : 

From Asia 

inese dissident wh»» 
rom three vears in a 
about the 'abuse he 
had inflicted on his 
id three front teeth 
mother suffered se- 
l has several lump^ 

1 Reuters i 

d.R. Hutagafung. 

of the Indonesian 
rowd-control tedt- 
ome lime been con- 
ihants to help forest 
ce.*' <AFP> 


0348 


i *|i 


French Gaullists Choose a Statist Leader 


By Craig R. Whitney 

\. u ttirj T:n;t i S'f t. t 

PARIS — When they .were both 
rising young stars in their conser- 
vative Gaullist party at the end of the 
1970s, Philippe Seguin said of his 
rival Alain Juppe, '.‘One of us is 
going to have to go." 

Mr. Juppe became the favorite of 
the party's founder. President 
Jacques Chirac, who made him 
prime minister in 1995. 

Now. with Mr. Juppe. 51. releg- 
ated to the sidelines after the stinging 
defeat of his conservative coalition 
in parliamentary elections on June 1 . 
Mr. Seguin, 54. took over the lead- 
ership of the party, the Rally for the 
Republic, at a special convention 
Sunday. Mr. Seguin won 79 percent 
of the vote, easily outdistancing five 
other candidates' 

Mr. Chirac called the parliamen- 
tary elections in May and June al- 
most a year early in hope of securing 
support in Parliament for the remain- 
ing five years of his term and for the 
belt-tightening necessary to meet the 
criteria for European monetary un- 
ion. But he wound up making' him- 
self look like a lame duck instead. 

The battle to decide the direction 
of the French conservative move- 
ment. like the fight for the leadership 
of tiie Conservative Parry in Britain 
after its disastrous toss at the polls 
May 1 . has been brutal. 

Mr. Seguin, who has made no 
secret of the fact that he thinks Mr. 
Chirac and Mr. Juppe were out of 
their minds to call an early election, 
has long nipped at their heels. 


He forced Mr. Juppe to step down 
as party leader last month by arguing 
that only a rop-io-bonom leadership 
change would enable the Gaullists to 
make an electoral comeback. 

An anempt at such a comeback 
could be made as early as a year from 
now, if Mr. Chirac used his power to 
dissolve Parliament again. Some 
say, however, that he might resign 
before the end of his seven-year term 
and that if he did. Mr. Seguin would 
run for president. The constitution 
permits the president to dissolve Par- 
liament after consulting legislative 
leaders, as Mr. Chirac did this 
spring, but it bars him from doing it 
again for a year. 

Most of the other coalition part- 
ners in Mr. Juppe's fallen govern- 
ment have rallied around another 
new leader, Alain Madelin. whose 
economic philosophy comes close to 
the free-market doctrines .rhai Prime 
Minister Margaret Thatcher pursued 
in Britain in the 1980s. 

Mr. Madelin and Mr. Seguin. a 
classic state interventionist, tried in 
the last week of the recent election 
campaign to offer themselves as a 
conservative alternative to Mr. 
Juppe and his austerity policies. 
Their alliance was likened to a mar- 
riage between a carp and a rqbbit. 

Next time around. Mr. Madelin. 
too. would like to run for the French 
presidency, his allies say. 

Mr. Madelin says his platform 
would be truly revolutionary in 
France, proposing deregulation, a 
scaling down of the welfare state and 
more vigorous competition to solve 
the growing problem of unemploy- 



il I • 

Philippe Seguin, left, and Alain Juppe during Sunday's congress. 


mem. Now at 12.5 percent of the 
work force, it has stymied both the 
Socialist left and the Gaullist right. 

Mr. Juppe, a technocrat who has 
never shaken an image of haughty 
aloofness, lost after trying to reduce 
welfare-state spending' so that 
France would qualify for member- 
ship in a European common cur- 
rency planned for 1 999. 

His Socialist successor. Prime 
Minister Lionel Jospin, says France 
wants to join the common currency 
but does not want to break its neck 
trying to reduce the budget deficit to 


3 percent of gross domestic product, 
one of the criteria set by the Treaty 
on European Union in 1992 at Ger- 
many’s insistence. 

Mr. Seguin led vigorous oppo- 
sition to the treaty in a referendum at 
the end of that year, arguing that it 
threatened the core of French sov- 
ereignty - . 

Worse, he said, the focus on fiscal 
probity demanded by Germany was 
leading to a “social Munich." a sell- 
out of unemployment-ridden French 
workers to international capital and 
impersonal central bankers. 


Ulster Troops and Catholics Clash 
After Parade by Protestant Order 


BRIEFLY 


Scientology Ban Is Rejected 

,, J HAMBURG — The German interior minister 
- J has said in a magazine interview that he sees no 
; legal way of banning Scientology in the country. 
At the urging of officials in Bavaria, who have 
been in the forefront of hying to restrict Sci- 
; entology in Germany, the minister, Manfred Kan- 
ther said that his office had examined whether 

- Scientology could be banned under the same law 

- used against neo-Nazi of alleged terrorist groups. 

The results were insufficient to justify' further ac- 
tion, the latest issue of the weekly Der Spiegel 
quoted him as saying. (AP) 

Yeltsin Takes a Vacation 

MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltsin started his 
summer vacation Sunday, heading for a hideaway in 
_ northern Russia where he is expected to go fishing. 


train said he did not notice anything out of the 
ordinary before the accident. f Reuters) 


The Itar-Tass news agency said that Mr. Yeltsin 
arrived at the government’s guest complex in Kare- 
lia, a region noted for its many lakes, beautiful 

landscapes and good fishing. He is expected to BoTtW Defused ill MOSCOW 
spend at least a week ar the resort, and then continue J 

his vacation elsewhere. t.\P) 


6 Die as Pipe Slices Train 

FRANKFURT — German prosecutors Sunday 
were investigating the cause of a freak rail accident 
that killed six people and injured 1 3 when a pipe 
twisted off a freight train and sliced open a pas- 
senger train. 

Three men and three women were killed when 
the 15-meter (50-foot) iron pipe tore open a rail car 
filled with passengers, many of them youths be- 
ginning then - summer holidays. 

The accident occurred Saturday morning near 
the town of Stadiallendorfs, 80 kilometers (50 
miles) north of Frankfurt. The driver of the freight 


MOSCOW — An underground communist 
group planned to blow up a statue of Peter the Great 
in Moscow to protest government plans to bury the 
body of Vladimir Lenin, Russian news agencies 
reported Sunday. 

Police defused seven sticks packed with plastic 
explosives that they found planted in the monument 
to the czar Sunday, the mayor's office told Interfax 
news agency. A detonator and 400 meters of cable 
were also found, a police spokesman said. 

A group calling itself the Revolutionary’ Military 
Council of the Soviet Republic of Russia said it had 
planted the bomb as a warning to politicians who 
opened “the sacrilegious- debate" over burying 
Lenin, who has lain embalmed in a mausoleum on 
Red Square since his death in 1924. (AFP) 


The Acttr&M/ Prrst 
PORTADOWN. Northern 
Ireland — Angry Catholics 
attacked withdrawing soldiers 
in Ponadown on Sunday after 
the troops had restrained them 
to allow a Protestant inarch 
through their neighborhood. 

The troops had moved into 
Ponadown s Ganagby Road 
before dawn with armored cars 


New Cows 
Bear Blood 
Of Humans 

Reuters 

LONDON — Human 
blood is to be grown in farm 
animals, a British newspaper 
reported Sunday. 

The Observer said that the 
British scientists who cloned 
the sheep called Dolly, the 
first cloned adult mammal, 
were now creating cows and 
sheep with human DNA to 
produce blood plasma for use 
in surgery and transfusions. 

When these animals lact- 
ate. their milk will contain the 
key elements of proteins and 
antibodies that are in human 
plasma. 

The technique, developed 
by PPL Therapeutics, the Ed- 
inburgh company that cloned 
DoLly, will provide a steady 
stream of cheap, safe blood 
products worth up to £1.5 bil- 
lion (S2.5 billion) a year, the 
newspaper said. 

Doctors are reported to 
have welcomed the break- 
through. saying it could save 
lives and help prevent the 
spread of blood-bome viruses 
like HTV and hepatitis. 

Dr. Ron James, managing 
director of PPL, sai± "We 
know from our work with 
Dolly that we can create ge- 
netically engineered animals 
from a single cell. 

“Now we want to use that 
technology to produce one of 
the fundamental constituents 
of the human body," he said. 
"We are 99.9 percent certain 
we can do it.” 

Dr. James said that the first 
such plasma could be pro- 
duced within months. 


and cleared Catholic protesters 
off the road in preparation for 
the parade. Scores were hurt in 
morning riots when residents 
threw firebombs and bricks, 
and troops fired on them with 
plastic bullets. 

At 1 P.M., with order im- 
posed and hundreds of troops 
lining the road, 1,000 mem- 
bers of the Orange Order 
marched purposefully — but 
without tneir band music — 
through the road and back in- 
to Protestant territory. 

As the military vehicles 
withdrew, groups of enraged 
residents followed, throwing 
bottles and bricks at the last of 
the soldiers. Troops lined up 
with riot shields across the 
road and fired plastic rounds 
as they retreated down Gar- 
vaghy Road. 

There were no immediate 
reports of serious injuries. 

Anger in Catholic areas has 
been intense and. despite ap- 


\ for calm from Mo Mow- 
lam. the Northern Ireland sec- 
retary, and Ronnie Flanagan, 
chief constable of the Royal 
Ulster Constabulary, a violent 
backlash began soon after the 
morning decision to allow the 
Protestants to march. 

Fires, hijackings and back- 
lash violence were reported in 
other towns. 

In Lurgan. less than 10 
miles (16 kilometers) east of 
Portadown. armed men 
seized a train, evicted the pas- 
sengers and set it afire. 

Police officials in Belfast 
reported sporadic rioting in 
anti-British areas of the north 
and west of the provincial 
capital, where vehicles were 
hijacked and burned. 

In Armagh, a truck and a 
van were hijacked and set on 
fire. Also in Armagh, a half 
dozen masked men pulled a 
hospital worker from his car 
and attacked him. 


Tuesday 


STYLE 

From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 


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(06) ALPES 
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ANTIBES 


MANDEL1EU 


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15. Rue SLSdbastfen 

CANNES 

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La Craisetta 


Posse 

Centre Commercial 
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Maison de la Prasse 
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Promenade des Anglais 
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Le Fontanoy 43 
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Prasse 

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OPIO __ 


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Centre Commercial 
Font Neuve 
Route Nationals 

PEYMEINAPE 
Tabac Presse SL Marc 
Route Nationals 

plascassier 

Prasse 

Centre Commercial 
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PreBca 

10 Ave. Jean Mermoz 

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7ahac Presse 
Place de Gaulle 

SOPHIA ANTIP0L1S 
Sophia Presse 
PtacaJ-Betmond 
VALBONNE 


Maison de la Presse 
55 Ave. Victor TUby 
Prasse Azur 
26 Ave. de la Resistance 
Tabac Presse 
du Grand Jardin 
46 Ave. MarcetHn Maura/ 

VILLEFRANCHE- 

SUR-MER 

Presse Azur 

8 Ave.du Martichal Foch 

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Presse 

2 Ave. de la Ubertd 

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MONACO 

Klosque 

Blvd des Mouflns — 
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Klosque 
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28 Ave. de ia Costa 
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Qalede du Metropote 
Lb Khedive 

9 Blvd Alberti*' 

Le Newsstand — 

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22 Blvd<ritaBe 
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19, Rue Jean Jaurds 

CAVALA1RE 

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143 Ava. des AHtes 

CAVA LIE RE 

Cavaliers Presse 
Avenue du Cap Ndgre 

LA CROIX VALMER 
Maison da la Prasse 
Rue CentraJe 

FREJUS 

BaJto TabaoPrssse 
379 Blvd de la Liberation 
Lbnurie de TAvtadon 
Centre Commercial 
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Presse 

Centre Commercial 
Gasshla Foux 


LE MUY 


Maison de la Presse 
1, Route de CaHas 
Presse du Muy 
289, Bd de la Liberation 

LE PRADET 

Maison de la Presse 
Place Paul Flamenco 
LE RAYOL CANA DEL 


Avenue du Touring Club 
LES ISSAMBRES 
Tabac Presse Souvenirs 
Route Nationals 

PIERREFEU 

PotnrPrBsse 

1 . Rue Gabriel P6ri 

PORTGRIMAUD 


HVJ-RE&. 


Prasqu'Re du Levant 
Presqi/ite du Levant 
TabaoPtesse Giens 
Hue Debussy 
Presqu'ile de Giens 

LACRAU 

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10 Ave. du Lieutenant 
JeanToucas 


LA GARDE 


(83) VAR 
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55 ‘Ave. de Cannes 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


Q 


@ 


THE INTERMARKET 


S +44 171 420 0348 


irt iTlTtTiTrriYr^TT 1 ^',^ 





RECRUITMENT 


Appointment of 
Secretary-General 

The Arts Council of England is seeking to appoint a Secretary- 
General to lead its national operations. 

The Arts Council is established by Parliament, incorporated by 
Royal Charter and receives an Annual Granc-in-Aid from central 
government through the Department of National Heritage. In 
addition, it is responsible for distributing lottery money to the 
am in England. For the year ending March 1998 the Granc-in- 
Aid is £186 million and lottery funds arc expected to total 
around £250 million. 

The Chief Executive of the Council is the Secretary- Genera l, 
who is appointed by the Chairman and the Council with the 
approval of the Secretary of State for National Heritage. 

The position requires extensive knowledge - and experience of the 
arts and arts funding in England, senior management experience, 
proven professional skills, an outgoing personalia’ and a working 
style that achieves results. 

This is a challenging and exciting time for the Arts Council with 
die introduction of significant changes to the distribution of 
Lottery funding and an on-going programme of development 
which will require commitment and strong leadership from its 
Secretary- General. 

The appointment is for a fixed term of five years, with .a 
possibility of renewal. Non-contributory’ pension scheme. 

For further details and an application form, please contact the 
Personnel Department, The Arts Coondl, 14 Great Peter Street, 
London SW1P 3NQ. Tel: 0171 630 0415 between 10am and 4pm. 
Mini com users may contact the Council on 0171 973 6564 (for deaf 
callers only). Closing date for receipt of applications: 27 July. 
Interviews will be held on Monday 15 September 1997. 


The .Arts Council a cxaimincd to un equal cyportunirin 
recruitment policy. 




THE ARTS COUNCIL OF ENGLAND 





ptaprn- 

MIAMI 


SEAPORT DIRECTOR (EXEMPT) * 

SALARY ENTRY: $94,693 - MAX: $154,834 Annually 

Metropolitan Dade Countv. Florida is seeking a highly qualified individual to direct total 
Seaport operations at the Dante B. Fascell Port of Miami, the 9th busiest containenzed cargo 
port in the United States and the cruise capital of the world. This position will report to the 
County Manager. Metropolitan Dade County's Chief Administrative Officer. 

Responsibilities of the Seaport Director include fiscal management of a S26.6 million 
operating budget and a S265 million multi-year capital improvement plan. Directs the 
activities of 200-!- employees involved in diversified administrative, operational, port 
engineering . marketing, development, and security functions. Management objectives wsil 
include continued development of the infrastructure for cruise and cargo market expansion, 
enhancement of the port as a transhipment hub of Caribbean. Central and South America, 
overseeing the proposed Mantime Park expansion project, and development of new trade 
opportunities. 

Lucrative executive benefits package plus car allowance will be part of the total 
compensation package. 

Graduation from an accredited college or university with a Bachelor's degree. Ten years of 
executive level experience in the fiscal and operational management of a major seaport 
facility is required. A Master's degree in Engineering or Finance is preferred. Must possess 
excellent oral and written communication skills. Applicants will be subject to an extensive 
background investigation. 

* THE CLOSING DATE FOR THIS RECRUITMENT HAS BEEN EXTENDED FROM THE 
INITIAL DATE OF JUNE 20, 1997 TO JULY 1 1, 1997. 

Applicants must submit two (2} copies of their resume indicating title of this position 
and two f2) copies of proof of educational attainment (copies of official transcripts 
and/or diplomas conferring degrees). Applicants must include their social security 
number on each resume. Submittals must be sent via certified mail by July 11, 1 997 to: 

Ms. Maria M. Casellas 

Acting Director, Employee Relations Department 
Stephen P. Clark Center, Suite 2110 
111 N.W. 1st Street 
Miami, Florida 33128-1907 

Employment. requires meeting medical & physical standards & residence in Dade 
County w/in 6 months employment. “EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER M/F. WE DO 
NOT DISCRIMINATE ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY - '. Benefits include Health & Dental 
insurance plans, 2 weeks vacation. 12 days sick leave annually. Tuition Refund. 
Retirement Plan. 13 paid Holidays. & much more. 


EUROPEAN LEGAL COUNSEL 

US OR MAINLAND EUROPEAN LAWYER 
8 TO 13 YEARS EXPERIENCE 


LUCERNE, SWiTZERLAND 


SUBSTANTIAL SIX FIGURE PACKAGE 


Our client, founded only 1 7 years ago, is the largest biotechnology company In the world. Headquartered 
in the US and with offices in key markets worldwide, the company has revenues in excess of $2.2 billion 
and more than 4,700 employees. The European headquarters are based in Lucerne, Switzerland. 
Continued growth has now led to an outstanding opportunity for a Legal Counsel to assume significant 
responsibility for all European legal affairs. This position has a genera) business orientation and requires close 
working relationships with the business managers in Lucerne and other European countries. 

Working under the direction of the Vice President, Europe and the International Counsel in the US. you will be 
exposed to a broad range of business and legal issues including, a wide range of commercial contracts, 
competition law, general corporate law jnd regulatory matters. Upon demonstration of management and 
leadership skills, you will be given the opportunity to become an important member of the European 
Management Team. 

The successful candidate will have S to 13 years international /European corporate and commercial law- 
experience, including several years from a major multinational. In addition to a commercial approach to your 
work, you must also possess the ability to operate, influence and counsel at the most senior levels throughout 
the group and be a team player. 

Prior to moving to Lucerne, the successful candidate will initially be based in the US international headquarters 
in California for an orientation period, of between S and 12 months. 

For lurcher information, please contact Rachael North or Naveen Tuli. 


◄ > 


LAURENCE SIMONS 

International Legal Recruitment 


◄ > 


Craven House, 121 Kingsway, London WC2B 6PA Tel +44 (0)171 831 3270, Fax +44 (0)171 831 4429 


H-injil: laurenceS? laurcnccbimons. demon. co.uk. 


International Training Centre 
Centre International de Formation 
Centro International de Formation 

The International Training Centre of the International Labour 
Organization in Turin. Italy, seeks qualified candidates for the posi- 
tion of Director of the Training Department. 

Repo nine to the Deputy Director of the Centre, the Director of the 
Training Department is responsible for leading and managing a 
large-scale training operation in support of economic and social 
development of Member States and their constituents. He. she will 
work in an international environment, ensuring: (1) the formulation 
of training programmes consistent with the needs of various regions 
of the world: (2) the effective promorion of the Centre* pro- 
grammes: (3) the development of new and innovative learning and 
training strategies and methodologies. He/she ensures also effective 
liaisoni’coonlinatioQ with the various programme units of the Centre. 
Qualifications. The successful candidate will haw an advanced 
university degree - or equivalent - in social sciences, development 
studies, public of business administration, supplemented by ai least 
ten years of professional experience in training management and 
instructional design. He/she will have the ability to lead and manage 
a large team of more than a hundred collaborators and will demon- 
strate good communication, negotiation and team-building skills. A 
solid knowledge and understanding of the economic and social 
development problematic, the donor community and the UN system 
is requited. 

Candidates must be lluem in English w ith a proficiency lev-el in 
French and. or Spanish. Knowledge of a third official language will 
be an advantage. 

The appointment at the D2 level of UN salary scale, based in Turin, 
will be a full-time fixed-term contract of up to two years with the 
possibility of renewal and incorporates an attractive salary and ben- 
efits package. 

Applications, with a CV and brief note as to why you see yoursdf as 

S ualified for the job. should be sent to Mr. Sacco. Peraonnel 
ufrainistrator, Bureau of Personnel, International Training Centre of 
the 1LO, 125 Corso Unit* dTtalia, 1-10127 TURIN (telephone: 
3911. '6936679 - Fax: 391 1 '69366991. Applications should be 
received no later than 31 August 1997. 

The ILO Turin Centre is an equal opportunity employer. ’ 


PURCHASING OFFICER (CONTRACTS) 
PURCHASING OFFICER (PHARMACEUTICAL) 

Th* United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 
JjNHCR). with heac^uartersinGe^^^^^ 
out the world seeks two qualffled. PURCHASING OFFl 

for its Supply and Transport Sectron in GCTeva^. { 

The incumbents, under the supervision of the tChieL^. 
and Transport Section, will be respora^e for ^ ; 

Sties of supplies and services J 
tion of UNHCR programmes in n ume ^ us r©Q^ ons mer 

world. In conformity to UN Financial Reguiatons and UNBOT 
■purchasing policy, the incumbents will review the pun^ase 
requests, prepare/send quotation recasts, 
prepare/present recommendations to the UNHCR Contracts 
Committee, prepare/send purchas e ord ers. 
tions when required, carry out contract management uD.to.J. 
closure of the file. Research of product sperifirations and of } 
new markets of supplies is also part of hts/ner dunes. ; 

Minimum Requirements: .. . „ 

- Purchasing Officer (Contracts): University degree in 
Contract Law or Business Administration with at feast fiver 
years of progressively responsible experience in contracting, 
some of which should have included exposure to the con- 
straints of contracting for services in developing countries. 

- Purchasing Officer (Pharmaceutical): Qualified 
Pharmacist with five years of progressively resporetote. 
experience in purchasing, some of which should havp : 
inducted exposure to the logistic constraints of moving 
goods in developing countries. 

For both positions: Computer skills including experience m 
using spreadsheets. Fluency in English and French essen- 
tial. Willingness to undertake missions to field offices 
required. 

UNHCR offers competitive international salaries,, benefits 
and allowances. 

APPLICATIONS: Full curriculum vitae, induding saiaiy his- 
tory, nationality and references, should be sent to Vacancy 
Management Unit (ref: GP), UNHCR, Case Postale 2500, 
1211 Geneva 2 Depot Switzerland, Fax No. (+41 22) 739- 
7322. Applications must be received by 31 July 1997. 

UNHCR encourages qualified women to apply. Because 
of the number of applications expected, acknowledg- 
ments will only be sent to short-listed candidates under 
serious consideration. 


Ai 


ASSISTANT EXPORT DIRECTOR 

For European Headquarters 

Beizono, rtie leoding manufacturer of polymeric repair solutions for 
industry worldwide, is seeking an Assistant Export Director to continue 
our expansion into eastern and western Europe. This position, which 
requires a degree in engineering/marketing, is based in our Harrogate, 
United Kingdom headquarters and involves extensive navel. 

Working closely with our United States company, you will be supported 
by state-ofthe'art market development, technical and engineering 
deportments and extensive market communicotions programs. 

Aso 45 year ok! privately held corporation, Befzono already bos over 
1 00 Distributors worldwide. The ideal person will be muhHingual and 
dedicated to expanding the market for polymeric solutions through 
the appointment of additional Distributors. 

Mail or Fox your resume to: 

Managing Director 

Belzona Polymeries Ltd. 

Claro Road, Horrogafe 
North Yorkshire, HGI4AY, England 
+44 (0) 1423 531433 





SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


PROFESSOR 

OF MARKETING / S ALES 

Head of the Maiketing and Commercial Operations Department 


One ami a half hours 
from Paris, 

ESC Troyes is a 
Graduate School 
of Management 
administered 
by 

the Chamber of 
Commerce and 
Industry of Troyes 
and Aube 



Troyes 


KXUSUPSeHEEaXBBCE DETB0TE5 
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT 


Through an innovative pedagogical programme, 
highly qualified faculty and state-of-the-art facilities, 
ESC Troyes has rapidly established itself as an impor- 
tant player in the world of the "Grandes Ecoles de 
Commerce" in France. 

To pursue our pedagogical development, we are now 
looking for a Professor of Marketing. 

You will have a post Graduate Business Degree 
preferably a "Doctoral or a PhD., combined with 
considerable professional experience. 

Regardless of your nationality; you will teach in 
French and English. 


If interested, please send your curriculum vitae 
mid lumd-written letter of application to: 
Francis Becard, Dirccteur - ESC Troyes - 
217 Amine 1 Pierre Brossolette - BP 710 - 
10002 TROYES Ccdex - FRANCE 
FAX: +33 (0) 3 25 71 22 52 


Pk c K 0 “ p E French Computer Company based in 
IrOPEN ChcJiy is looking for a fit! -rime. 

ENGLISH TEACHER rAt. 

Send lhind-n nrten letter mth C.Y. A photo to : 

Groupe OPEN - Mnie Nathalie MREJEN 
202 Qua! de Clichy - 92110 CLICHY - France 


Secretarial Positions Available 


MNERVE 


SEEKS lor AMERICAN 
Firms « pars 

Enoish moms icnm* seesaws, 
K-xstedw or riwcfl requraL 
422 Rui Safari Honan 
75008 Parti France 
Tot (1) 42 fit 7B 75 


Educational Positions Available 


ENGLISH TEACHERS 
Experienced 

to Sustnesj Peodi 
Dynamc Frew- Team 
innovatne Teaching Uetnods 

Rans-Suoute Waring Pacers 

Camptofr d*S Lanqias(tH) 15 61 55 56 


BUNCO AL EXPERTS needed, edual- 
M! experienced n financial mates to 
pan WUcne - sabnetflreeterrs oosttore 
as Translators or editors Fax tuO 
r£Sim& safer/ rHwwents to TsCTRAD 
-33 10.14^928310 Tet -33 I0|1443293!1 


General Positions Wanted 


ASSIST ANT DIRECTOR (French. « 
•.tsi 20 yrs apenence speaks EngEsn - 
-hss«e seeks pownn Asa Reply Bo 
iT: irT 5£2f. MeuSy COk nance 


CARRIER YACHT MASTER. British 
S«k5 3 se x naw 2> years e«per*n» 
d \msga’ yachts and European ship- 
yarns wh impeccable references 
• «=2j -■‘■‘Ofe 93:2133“ 


FRENCH CAPTAH 42 years ott luPy A- 
20 yeas agerera ta yachting 
se*s jeo Cwac: -33 £(* ?Ja» 023 , 
niue - jj 09 37 “ 3i 


Tite Director General of 

the World Association of Newspapers 

i> looking lor jn 

Executive Assistant 

Tin- pry-Umn require- ;iU. ,i >lurp intellect, h^ether with e.v.elkrnt 

writing -ind ipeuking -kill- Tin- **n.«xrs4ul lUndniihr is likely t<* be cdu- 
■-.unJ in pnsr-jrrudujte level. ('• K* .i grvd IinguiM » English & French .is a 
minimum) and |. • le cre-Jlhc and ;unbiiiuu- 

^KAN 'ex-F1£1> is i)te yjnhil ■•rcuiuciiinn bu foe newspaper industry. Iis 
miirn >'hjei.Iivi> are l> - defend Jnd pn mtMc freedom »■! the press and the 
Jet cl> ■pmefll *>f nett -jxiper puNi-lims; imrtd-wide 
Applicati'.'as nt^ped'. nnh plm«i CV jnd i.uneni sabry. lu ihe Direit'ir 
Oener.il. WAN. 2^ rue J “s»i« p.ias. FraikY. nuikeJ vnnlidemuil 


EDUCATIONAL POSITIONS 


ENGLISH MOTHER TONGUE WORD PROCESSOR 
AND MARKETING ASSISTANT 

Our company An Amen can Informahon t Consulting linn in the 
Energ'.. business located between Concorde Madeleine - Currently 
2' i staff in the Pans offices but over I7 1 ? staff in the various worldwide 
company offices 

Young, informal & friendly environment yet hard working, varied 
activities offered for dynamic i- flexible candidate. Working papers 
necessary We seek a full-time Secretary ’ Word Pnxessor lot a CDI 
icontrat a duree indeierrrlnee i Anglo-Saxon native speaker 
W : i> cf time- Word processing £» editing of letters documents includ- 
ing audio typing, excellent Inowledge of Windows £- Word 6 
required strong computer skills, speed minimum u0 *pm. test to be 
performed before final candidate is selected 50 l V of time Assistance 
to marketing team - Filing, processing of datas iprc-spe-^s & client 
info activities!, preparation of billing advices & diem relations in 
coordination with the US offices 

Please contact as soon as possible Mlcheline Manoncourt. 
Director of Administration. Tel: Raris+ 33 iOi 1 42 44 10 21 for interview 


Microsoft 

Corporate and Transactional Paralegals 

The Company : Microsoft European Headquarters, based in 
Paris La Defense, is looking for rwn experienced Paralegals. 

The Fositiuns- : Contract administration for Microsoft’s online 
busin esses. Management ^projects such as maintaining data- 
bases, lwim files, matter files etc. Acting as a point of contact 
for various groups within the Cnmpanv and preparing docu- 
ments for meetings and presentations. Coordinating legal 
compliance programs foi 15 countries throughout Europe. 

.The Candidates : A university degree or equivalent, legal edu- 
cation being a plus Minimum 2/3 years expenence in the 
legal sector, prd'erahlv with a good knowledge of contracts. 
English is required j English as mother tongue preferred) and 
fluency in anorher language is an advantage. 

Please send your O' to Curalie de Nanreuil at Microsoft 
Europe. Tour Pacific, 92 l1 7” Paris La Defense. 

Please do not send hand-written letters. 


INSEAD 


s^ks j 

MARKETING AND 
ADMISSIONS MANAGER 

G month contract July - December 97 

wh'i will hi- ri-t|inn-ibU? fnr providing rlf-clu e manugeme nt of 
ihn At\ mi-skirms pror«.-„ s and lor marketing the MBA Programme 
ii'iili lb» guidance <■! th*- Dir».v lor of Admissions. 

The »m.m»riil i.oudidaie slioul.1 h.n : 

• Mh-iiti lm i.-l -din .ii ion lp«*(ernl*l\ MBA|. 

• .« iiiiniiiniiii nl i liriv. whirs profos^ional •*v|ii'ti«fiii.p. 

« iniHU'-i-in higher i-din-iilioii and business education in 
pnriiciilor. 

• ■.•'c|w»rioncti in M.irk«linc> 

• i>si:m||hri oral >m<l wriilon communicarum skills. 

• >ir.iiiti i lugoi idling skills and mnriev ori«*nlalian. 

• flnont English ,,nd ai [fast one other major language. 

Pl'hihf send O’, photo, salary raqiiiirmHnts and referonuis to . 

INSIJAD ■ Human Rosnunn- Management 
Ki.-'Tiiilinoni and VV-lr/mn- Dv|)<irlmenl - Boulevard deConsiance 
-rju.i rn\T.-\rNT&LL^L GHox - France. 


Urban Finance and Planning 
Specialists Wanted 

Inlemational consulting firm seeking specialist^ io help implement a 
long-term project in Indonesia. Candidates should be fluent in 
English & Indonesian, and have at least 5-10 vears of experience, 
including 3 years in Indonesia. 

1. Senior Urban Finance Advisors. Advanced degree (Ph.D. 
Preferred) in economics or public administration, with focus on 
municipal finance. Experience with urban financial planning and 
management in Indonesia. 

2. Senior Urban Planners. Advanced degree. Expertise in munici- 
pal infrastructure planning and implementation in Indonesia and/or 
Easi Asia. 

3. Community Attain. Advisor. Advanced degree. Experience pro- 
moting public paniciparion in urban environmental services in 
Indonesia. 

4. Training Advisor. Advanced degree preferred. Expertise m train- 
ing municipal and utility managers in Indonesia and or elsewhere in 
Asia 

/iiftnsfci/ c. nidi, fates should send Cl ‘it niercnceS to- 

LSH/CII 

Fax: (202) 955-7S50 USA; E-mail: IshigchefnoDics.com 


General Positions Available 


AUSTRALIAN EMBASSY PARIS teda 
a Consiiai Cle». ipsponsitfe lot pm 
cessmg apdtaBoni lor Atarratofi Pass- 
pons and consular onquin?} Fkieni 
Fr«cn and fuse <wreuw syb am ne- 
cRjuod, Appacarts musl be Australian dti- 
«ws Gross safeiy FFu 102 p?r mwah 
II interested Tot -WrOlt -9 IS ti 

IfCJr^lW! C»«e 18 July 


WORK FOR DETCL0PUEWT? fldvte 
ann itwymatt&n afiw: a.-osus 

to peace, fustce are deveicprw; Va- 
«n;v magaiire |J00- a irwratn itircuoP 
Wore <en«s ternnrv Gijctfe (HT&n: a 
wnai! adJi®ss viMtabiMdu-wtcsm. 

Vj’ES 1 SM»u«R Giwn Lordbn 
SW8 SR or pvyi? *44 ,0H”t 7377811 


AMERICAN PUBLISHING COMPANY 

swks bilingual issslani far us Pam 
orcutawn dice trom Ju& irdeoendsni 
e»c?tlera comcinsr i-i*; r e««i 
6.« Yf) !H7 Franc? 


TRANSLATOR 
(FrercMEng&sfil tat few Urn. 

Tax accounting or Snanuai expariexs. 
EngWi mother icmje 
Please send CV to: KaUde Cferat . 
Archibald Andenan 
41 rue Ybry, B3S7B Neutfly SIS csdn 


Executive Positions Available 


HABITAT FOR HUMANITY 1NTL 

an ecumenical Oman housing mtrfestrv, 
seeks VP of Coramunicaticins & DwstoP' 
ment at is headquaners In Ameriae, 
Georgia This person mil direct & 
manage die devetopmert & comuifca- 
tnn functions indudbig capital can)- - 
paigns. intern aiionai fundtateng. tfiaa 
man. donor davetopmem. spectaf pm- 
jects pnn production. martaBng & meda 
retawns and have (&ed roapanabHy to 
deitoopoig & managng retatansti^s wih 
mapr donors Must have min. 10 yrs, 
progressnretjr response futWasmg 
e»peri<nce mtti demonstraied manage- 
ment skills, extensive Knowledge of 
communicaitorts. extensive experience 
ivith donor development, grass roofs 
tundraisng. 4 capital campaigns. FAX • 
resume vwh salary history £ recrire- 
nwus Dv Aiy 20 to 912-924-0641 USA. 
HFHI. Staffmg,'395 322 Lamar Si. 
Amema. GA 31709. 


BUSHESS DEVELOPMENT UANAGER. 
A Cyprian based tugfi lech mvestmem 
co sptccfeed in san-ups a early stage 
mvesunams is looUrg tar a Nghy quah- 
ned tndhndual to iteveloo our hua«« n 
SiXRh-Easr Asia Uust have extensive 
lectnwogcai baorground combined «3ti 
proven Uadi record «ith investmanl 
banking or venture capital operaiions. 
Singapore base. toceUera safety 8 «ar- 
raras Fax yew resume along ntft your 
satoy many 8 expaoions am Person- 
nel Ad mm ®t rater. Fa* 357-2-461854 

Eirai datomou^damanoucom. 


Executives A vailable 


WTEHNATXWAL PROMOTION 
md repesentaton. Amerean. iwtjy 
personable. 20 years evpensnce m ml 
[raruaciions. management 8 sates m 
LB Europe ana Middle East, m repr?. 
semyour uttreas per pro>ed or pern*- 
WUy UtiRumuctl Frw tc rrav^ 

NEW YORK Phone 1-212-62C-0545 
Fax CI3 1-212-673-3943 


THE INTERMARKET 

Starts 
on Page 4 



BERLIN: PERSONAL ASStSTANTiSEC- 
RETARY (3545 years), «8 Sducated to 
German ewepenax. Send eta? C.V. - 
photo B Bax 325, HT. Friedrichar 15. 
D-60323 FratHitufiWain, Gennary 


til 


XZ: 

1 : *1 






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4:;; 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


PAGE 


INTERNATIONAL 




S FOR refugees 


INTRACTS) 

IMACEUTICAL) 

JHflr for Refugees 
and offices through- 
fASING OFFICERS 
eneva.. 

the Chief. Supply 
p^the P ur( *asina 
to the Imptementa' 
ous - regions of the 
lahons and UNHCR 
2 v»ew the purchase 
»ts. evaluate bids 
• .UNHCR Contracts 
s, carry out negotia- 
management up to 
P®cffications and of 
3/her duties. 


tiveraity degree in 
n with at least fiv* 
encs in contracting 
posure to the con- 
itoping countries, 
utical): Qualified 
Jsjvely responsible 
rhich should have 
straints of moving 


iding experience in 
and French essen- 
is to field offices 


salaries, benefits 


icluding salary his- 
te sent to Vacancy 
;ase Postale 2500. 
No. (+41 22) 739- 
31 July 1997. 
to apply. Because 
ted. acknowledg- 
candi dates under 


IIRECTOR 

arters 


it repair solutions for 
irt Director to continue 
!. This position, which 
ased in our Harrogate, 
msive travel. 


you will be supported 
tied and engineering 
lions programs. 

zona already he: 
ill be multHingucI and 
eric solutions through 





TRANSLATOR 
fcEngfertj tor es nm 
mg or finance! d<cenfv? 
jfan moftw tongue 
end CV to ICatfue Ctarpt 
cftftaM Anfcrean 
f. 9257B HuwUy S/S 


iTANTSs-' 

.*£T c ‘i • 
oWS* 


Positions Available 


Available 


Hun Sen Allies 
Hold Most All 
Military Bases, 
Thais Report 



By Thomas Crampton 

Special la tke Herald Tribune 


BANGKOK — Top Thai officials said 
t -Smday that Second Prime Minister Hun 
Sffl’s soldiers controlled most of Cam- 
bedia, giving him the upper hand in the 

- fitting with forces loyal to First Prime 
Mnister Prince Norodom Ranariddh. 

Almost all military bases in Phnom 
Pmh and many of the others around the 
ountry are held by Hun Sen and his 
ftople's Party, said General Rattana 
(hal ermsanyakom , director of informa- 
ton at the Thai armed forces Supreme 
Command Headquarters here. 

A Foreign Ministry official, who re- 
used to be identified, confirmed the 
irray report, saying, “Most of the mil- 
iary bases are held by Cambodian 
People’s Party troops. ’’ 

Due partly to military ties and con- 
nections built through the gem and log- 
ging trade. Bangkok and especially the 

- Thai Army have retained close ties to the 
various forces in Cambodia throughout 
its recent, turbulent political history. 

As soon os the fighting broke out 
across the border, Bangkok refused 
entry or refuge to any Cambodian police 
or military personnel and placed troops 
on the highest state of alert. General 
Rattana said. 

While the combat appeared to be 
fiercest in the capital, he said, fighting and 
heavy deployments occurred throughout 
the country, including in Sian Reap, the 
town where tourists stay when visiting the 
Angkor Wat temple complex. 

A spokesman for the Foreign Min- 
istry, Thinakora Kanasuta, said 642 of 
the approximately 1,000 Thais in Cam- 
bodia had asked to be evacuated But 
while the military kept four C- 1 30 trans- 
port planes on standby Sunday, General 
Rattana ruled out an immediate rescue. 

“We still consider it too dangerous to 
fly in.** he said. Phnom Penh’s 
Pochentong Airport was closed shortly 
after fighting began Saturday. 

At least two foreigners, including a 
Japanese consulting engineer, were con- 
firmed to have been killed in die week- 
end gun battles in Phnom Penh. At least 
60 foreign natio nals staying outside die 
capital have fled across Cambodia’s land 
borders with Thailand and Vietnam. 

Internati onal contact with Cambodia 
was virtually cut off throughout the 
weekend. The Thai Foreign Ministry 
was relying on shortwave radio to main- 
tain contact with its Phnom Penh em- 
bassy, a ministry official said 
• .Mr. Thioakom sai dibar Bangkok was 
helpingforeigners in Cambodia to reach 
die Thai border town of Aranyaprathet 

- [The Australian military attach^. Col- 
onel David Mead led 59 foreigners to 
Aranyaprathet, from the northwestern 
province of Battambang, Reuters report- 
ed.) 

An immigration official in Aran- 
yaprafoet said another convoy of expat- 
riates was expected Monday morning. 


Bosnian Serb Chief Fears for Life 

Power Struggle Seen as Emboldening Karadzic 


By Chris Hedges 


Nn- Ttmti Service 


BANJA LUKA, Bosnia-Herzegovina 
— Officials close to Biljana Plavsic, 
president of the Bosnian Serb Republic, 
say she fears for her life and is con- 
sidering fleeing if she loses her power 
struggle with Radovan Karadzic, her 
predecessor, who is charged with war 
crimes. 

“This is a battle we will probably 
lose, but it is a battle to save the Serb 
Republic,” said a senior Bosnian Serb 
official who is an ally of Ms. Plavsic's as 
the leadership crisis deepened. 

The Bosnian Serb parliament is de- 
fying an order by Ms. Plavsic dissolving it 
because of its support for Mr. Karadzic. 


Many Western diplomats and senior 
Bosnian Serb officials say the clash will 






probably only embolden Mr. Karadzic. 
Twice indicted by the United Nations 
war crimes tribunal, he has broken the 
promises he made last year to stay out of 
politics and retire from public life, al- 
though he did step down from office. 

Mr. Karadzic's iron control of the po- 
lice, coupled with the millions of dollars 
in revenues he earns from his monopoly 
on cigarette and gasoline sales, make him 
at once a formidable opponent and a very 
wealthy man, those officials said. Mr. 
Karadzic pays police salaries and greases 
the palms of senior officials in his gov- 
erning party, the officials said. 


A victory by Mr. Karadzic, the of- 
ficials say. would be another bitter hu- 
miliation for the international commu- 
nity. leaving it unable to carry out the 
Dayton peace accord, which halted the 
civil war in Bosnia. 

The officials said that short of a 
NATO arrest of Mr. Karadzic, who lives 
openly in Pale, there was little likelihood 
that his vast influence and power could 
be diminished. Such an arrest has been 
rejected by North Atlantic Treaty Or- 
ganization commanders, who fear that it 
would trigger reprisal attacks on their 
31,000-member peacekeeping force. 

Mr. Karadzic and his supporters de- 
mand independence and eventual incor- 
poration into neighboring Serbia in de- 
fiance of the Dayton agreement 
While Ms. Plavsic does not reject 
those goals, she contends that wide- 


spread corruption is destroying the vi- 
ability of the Bosnian Serb enclave. 


The crisis began when Ms. Plavsic 
tried to dismiss Interior Minister Dragan 
Kijac. accusing him of involvement in 
corruption. Ms. Plavsic was briefly de- 
tained by the police in Belgrade after the 
failed attempt to get rid of Mr. Kijac. 

“The detention is a signal that Karad- 
zic once again enjoys the backing of the 
Serbian president,” a Western diplomat 
said, referring to Slobodan Milosevic. 


I CIA Plan for Capture Cited 
The U.S. Army’s Special Forces and 


the CL\ have prepared a secret plan to 
capture Mr. Karadzic. U.S. intelligence 
sources say. the Los Angeles Times re- 
ported from Washington. 

President Bill Clinton has not for- 
mally approved Lhe plan, officials said, 
and instead appears to be hoping that 
increasing diplomatic pressure will 
prompt the Bosnian Serb government to 
surrender Mr. Karadzic peacefully. 

But the administration has steadily 
increased the intensity of its rhetorical 
attacks on Mr. Karadzic in recent weeks, 
calling him a cancer that needs to be 
removed if the Bosnian peace process is 
to succeed. And sources said that top 
officials in the White House and the 
State Department have shown serious 
interest in the option of a military op- 
eration to capture Mr. Karadzic if dip- 
lomatic efforts fail. 

Planning between Special Forces and 
the CIA's clandestine Directorate of Op- 
erations began last year on a high-risk 
operation to grab Mr.' Karadzic and trans- 
port him out of the Bosnian Serb-con- 
trolled half of Bosnia, the sources say. 

Under the plan instituted last year, Mr. 
Karadzic was to be taken to The Hague 
to stand trial before the international war 
crimes tribunal on former Yugoslavia. 

His capture would carry enormous 
political risks, however, because it 
would inflame Bosnian Serbs, possibly 
threatening the Bosnian peace process 
and putting peacekeepers at risk. 


■ I 


rtj** $ * ••L 


Socialist Chief Says He’ll Lead Albania 


RidMnl VugcUTbc taurincd Pitw 


Phnom Penh residents fleeing along the Pochentong airport road after 
fighting erupted between supporters of the two feuding prime ministers. 


CAMBODIA: Hun Sen Declares Victory 


Reuters 

TIRANA, Albania — The Socialist 
Party chairman, Fatos Nano, said Sun- 
day he would be Albania's next prime 
minister after the Socialists were of- 
ficially declared the winners of the trou- 
bled country’s general election. 

Mr. Nano mil succeed another So- 


Continued from Page 1 


hand him over just to Hun Sen.” 

Even if only temporary, the sounds of 


crickets in the empty streets Sunday 
night came as a relief from a long dav of 


night came as a relief from a long day of 
confusion, tension and the constant, in- 
termittent booming of heavy weapons. 

Most Cambodians said they were 
tired of politics and feuds and wished 
only that their leaders would leave them 


in peace to try to improve their lives. 
"I have been sad for three days.” oi 


“I have been sad for three days,” one 
man said as he watched the troops in the 
streets. “This is not what the Cambodian 


people want 
The fiah tii 


MARS: 

Robot Starts Work 


Continued from Page 1 


surrounding Pathfinder in the stream of 
color images it had transmitted to 
Earth. 

1‘ The rocks are within 15 feet of the 
craft, which is sitting on an ancient flood 
plain called Ares Vallis. 

With 3-D glasses, the rover’s distant 
drivers back on Earth will conduct a 
“virtual” exploration of the nearby ter- 
rain, picking paths through the jagged 
rocks and boulders almost as if they were 
there by relying cm images from the 
lands:. 

a • .But the rover was essentially on its 
own once it received the activation se- 


ine fighting was concentrated near 
the home of Prince Ranariddh, near his 
party headquarters and at contested roy- 
alist strongholds near the airport, as well 
as near the University of Phnom Penh on 
the western edge of the city. 

But the shooting in those places some- 
times seemed desultory and there were 
few prolonged exchanges of gunfire. 

“It’s weird,” a foreign military at- 
tache said. “If somebody was really 
serious about taking a place, you would 
do it a little more intensely. This is not 
all-out warfare. It’s intimidation." 

There was no reliable word on cas- 
ualties, but hospitals were crowded with 
dead and wounded. 

A young soldier on the front line near 
Prince Ranariddh’s house — wearing a 
strip of white cloth on his uniform that 
identified him as part of Mr. Hun Sen's 
forces — said he was not eager to fight. 

“It's not only you civilians who are 
trembling,” be said. “I’m trembling 
too.” 

In his speech, Mr. Hun Sen said he 
planned to remain second prime minister 


and defer to the royalist party to name a 
first prime minister. In this way he ap- 
parently hoped to keep alive the struc- 
ture of government put in place by a $2 
billion effort in democratization fostered 
by the United Nations four years ago. 

“They will go ahead with the elec- 
tion,” said a royalist member of Par- 
liament. Ahmad Yahya, referring to a 
vote that is scheduled for next May. “But 
it will be a rubber-stamp election.” 

In the longer run, several diplomats 
and political analysts said, the open break 
in the government coalition could drive 
the royalist party and the Khmer Rouge 
together in opposition to Mr. Hun Sen. 

This would in effect restore an al- 
liance in which the two groups fought 
Mr. Hun Sen’s Vietnamese-backed gov- 
ernment for a decade until a Paris peace 
accord in 1991 set the stage for the 
current coalition government 

“I told them,” one diplomat said of 
recent discussions with Mr. Hun Sen’s 
military advisers, 7 ‘You're going to 
build up the Khmer Rouge, that’s all.' ” 
In a worst-case scenario, he said, the 
country could divide along geographical 
lines, with Mr. Hun Sen controlling the 
provinces east of the Mekong River and 
the royalists controlling the west, along 
with the Khmer Rouge. 

The diplomat said Mr. Hun Sen’s 
forces had underestimated the determi- 
nation of the militarily weaker royalists. 
What had been intended as a quick putsch 
had swelled into two days of fighting. 

Similarly, he said. Prince Ranariddh 
had underestimated the fears he pro- 
voked in Mr. Hun Sen by negotiating 
with Khmer Rouge leaders. 

“It is tins kind of miscalculation that 
leads to civil war.” the diplomat said. 


cialist, Bashkim Fmo, who was appoin- 
ted interim mime minister in March after 


ted interim prime minister in March after 
die government resigned and an early 
election was called to stem violence that 
erupted after the collapse of pyramid 
schemes wiped out many Albanians* 
savings. 

"1 will be the prime minister.” Mr. 
Nano said as a second round of voting 
was held to decide several parliamentary 
contests. 


“The leader of the party will become 
the leader of the executive,” he said. 

Mr. Nano, a multilingual economist, 
has been prime minister twice — as the 
head of Albania's last Communist ad- 
ministration, in 1991, and after the first 
multiparty elections won by the Social- 
ists, the heirs to the Co mmunis ts. 

But the Democratic Party of President 
Sail Berisha won power in 1992, and Mr. 
Nano was sentenced to 12 years in jail on 
corruption charges in 1994. 

He was freed and pardoned in March 
and has tried to recast socialism in Al- 
bania, Europe's poorest country, as a 
promoter of free enterprise and private 
property. 

The Socialists were confirmed the 
winners of the vote by the Central Elec- 


toral Commission on Saturday, having 
secured more than 80 of the 155 as- 
sembly seats decided in voting June 29. 

Runoff elections were being held Sun- 
day in 34 seals across the country where 
no candidate had won a clear majority. 

The second round will decide whether 
the Socialists and their leftist allies have 
the two-thirds majority needed to make 
constitutional changes in Parliament and 
to vote in a new head of state. 

Many Albanians blame Mr. Berisha for 
the collapse of the pyramid schemes and 
for the ensuing violent protests in which 
more than 1300 people were killed 
Mr. Berisha has vowed to resign as 
president once a leftist government is 
appointed. Mr. Nano wonld not comment 
on possible candidates for the position. 


AUCTION: Belongings of Duke and Duchess to Go on the Block 


Continued from Page I 


With current events uncannily echo- 
ing those of 60 years ago. Charles dreads 
the inevitable dredging up of the history 
of dial era during the Sotheby's sale, the 
source said 

Reached for comment at his Hamp- 
shire home, die historian Hugo Vickers, 
author of “The Private World of the 
Duke and Duchess of Windsor,” the 
official book about the house, said he 
was distressed at the idea that a piece of 
history would be sold and dispersed 

‘ ‘I think it is disappointing,’ ’ be said 
“It is such an extraordinary stoiy and so 
much effort was put into restoring the 
house — and now it will all be dis- 
banded" 

Mr. Vickers last visited the house on 
May 22. at a dinner given by Mr. Fayed 
for what would have been the 60th an- 
niversary of the Windsors' wedding. An- 
other dinner guest. Princess Ghislarne de 
Polignac, a friend of the Windsors, also 
said she was stunned by the news. 

The Windsor villa, set in a secluded 
park, had been laid out by Mr. Fayed as a 
private museum. He now plans to use it 


as a family home, which is the reason for 
the sale, but Mr. Vickers said that he had 
heard discussions of a possible sale for 
more than five years. 

The house in the fashionable Bois was 
the Paris home set up by the Windsors, 
who were obliged to live in exile*afler 
Wallis Simpson, an American divorcee, 
married Edward. 

The most poignant items in the sale 
will be those pertaining to the love affair, 
such as the framed photographs of the 
duchess with which the duke surrounded 
his bed. There are also personal items, 
like the Meissen pngs modeled on the 
Windsors’ dogs and the pug pillows in 
the duchess’s bedroom, where she re- 
mained in a coma for her last years. 

The silver-blue salon, by the society 
decorator Stephane Boudin of Jansen, 
the dining room with its chinoiserie pan- 
els and the duchess's bathrooms with 
painted wall decorations, are all integral 
to the house and will now disappear. 


There is also a portrait of the dnke's 


mother, the icily regal Queen Mary, by 
Sir William Llewellyn. In the lofty en- 


Among the paintings are a portrait of 
the duke as Prince of Wales out hunting 


duchess by Gerald B 


it of the 
: and a 


seascape by Eugene Boudin. 


trance hal] is a pennant with the arms of 
the Prince of Wales drat belonged to the 
duke's grandfather, Edward VII. Over 
the duke’s bed are covers with the sym- 
bol of the Order of the Garter and the 
motto "Honi Soit Qui Mai y Pense.” 

Furniture includes a Louis XV com- 
mode: the original dining table, which 
Mr. Fayed recently brought back for tire 
house; and a chinoiserie desk at which 
(he duchess used to write out menus for 
her cook, who was obliged to sort out 
same-size lettuce leaves for the polished 
hostess to serve to guests. 

For people looking for a fragment of 
history, the smaller items will be most 
desirable — especially those relating to 
the strange, obsessional love affair for 
which a king gave up his crown. 

The most touching item probably lies 
on the duke’s bedside table: the worn 
and faded doll that Queen Mary made for 
her son as a child and that be kept as a 
good-luck charm, although he was never 
able to speak to his mother about his love 
or persuade her to meet his wife. 


> 

OIL: Ex- Government Officials Push Washington to Let U.S. Companies Take Part in the Rush to Azerbaijan 


Continued from Page 1 


queoce. The ground team could not 
know for some time whether the orders 
had been executed and, once a sequence 
had^tarted, would have been unable to 
intervene in any case. 

■'-. That is because h takes more than 10 
minutes for signals to travel from Mars 
to Earth. ... 

Bitfwhen the first image of the bottom 
oftheramp came into view Sunday, with 
one wheel of the rover edging onto it, 
misrioucdotrol erupted in cheers. Nine 
minutes later, the picture ground con- 
trollers had waited so long for suddenly 
appeared cm die monitors. - 
: “There it is!" members of the rover 
team shouted. - 

“We can report six wheels visually on 
soil,” a NASA commentator con- 
■ firmed. 


fee from the company, which is a partner 
in the Azerbaijan International Oper- 
ating Co., known as AIOC, the main 
foreign oil consortium in Azerbaijan. 

“I’m a big booster of Azerbaijan be- 
cause the United States has big interests 
our there,” Mr. Scowcroft said in an 
interview. “That’s a huge pool of oiL 


It’s time we woke up.” 

American firms nave a 40 percent 


i a .5*^. Sqpumer’s human operators will 
r '■ \ v choose Its targets, layingout for its com- 
. puter brain a path along the ground tty 
means of coordinates, Or “lawn darts,” 
“.'.like a Unerof bread crumbs. 

•' The rover, which moves at less than a 

half-inch per Second, is supposed to fol- 
; low' that trail roughly to its destination 
buLbasedonwhat it “sees”along the 
• way. Sojourner can pick its own route to 
'7 avoid any unacceptable hazards. 

If Sojourner gets into a situation it 
-thinks it can't handle, a rover engineer, 
Ronald Banes, said, “it says, ‘I’m just 
going to stayright here.’ ” . 

The $25 minion Sojourner's assign- 
ment is to spend at least a week testing its 
- mobility; taking snapshots to relay tack 

, home and deploying an instrument 
called an -alpha proton X-ray spectro- 
f T^meter.; - 

? „ . When poked up against a rock or the 

surface soil, this can analyze the object’s 
, .irompoation. 

. 'Sojourner wfll stady the Martian soil 
by measuring its ownwheel sinkage and 
by sensing the wear on different- thick- 
nesses of paint on the wheels . 


stake in die Azerbaijan International Op- 
erating Co. AICO is a client of Mr. 
Baker’s law firm, while Mr. Cheney is 
chairman of Halliburton Co., an ofl ser- 
vices firm operating in the Caspian 
fields. 

Mr. Sunrmu's management consult- 
ing firm, JHS Associates, is expected to 
sign a contract with the Azerbaijani gov- 
ernment during a U.S. visit next month 
by the Azerbaijani president, Geidar Ali- 


yev, according to Azerbaijani sources. 

At a gala dinner here in May for the 
Azerbaijani prime minister, Artur Rasiz- 
ade, several hundred U.S. businessmen 
savored Caspian caviar and nibbed 
shoulders with Azerbaijani visitors. 

At a reception the next night, Mr. 
Bentsen likened Azerbaijan’s struggle 
for independence to that of his home 
state of Texas. 

Mr. Bentsen is a shareholder in 
Frontera Resources, an ofl services com- 
pany working in Azerbaijan. Frontera is 
chased by another Texan. William 
White, a former deputy secretary of en- 


Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce, the 
most forceful advocate in Washington 
for U.S. investment there. 

Their presence has added a political 
and economic dimension to an annual 
battle in Congress between supporters of 
Azerbaijan and backers of its rival, 
neighboring Armenia. The powerful Ar- 


pro vision in the 1992 Freedom Support 
Act — inserted at the urging of pro- 
Armenian members of Congress — 


menian lobby blames the Azerbaijani 
government for repressing the Armenian 
population in Nagorno-Karabakh. 


exgy in the Clinton administration. 

Mr. Brzezinski is a consultant to 


Amoco* Corp., another AIOC partner 
promoting Azerbaijan's cause in Wash- 
ington. 

None of the former officials is a re- 
gistered lobbyist for Azerbaijan. But 
most are members of the U.S.- 


The enclave is claimed by both 
Muslim Azerbaijan and Armenia, in- 
habited mostly by Christian Armenians. 
Fighting between the two sides in and 
around the enclave eased with a cease- 
fire in May 1994, but negotiations to 
resolve its status have stalled. In tire 
meantime, Azerbaijan — formerly Ar- 
menia’s principal source of oil — con- 
tinues to impose an energy blockade on 
its neighbor. 

The U.S. policy being contested is a 


Armenian members or congress — 
which prohibits direct U.S. economic 
and humanitarian aid to Azerbaijan until 
the Baku government takes “demon- 
strable steps” to lift its blockade. As a 
result, Azerbaijan has received barely 
$100 million in U.S. aid for limited 
humanitarian purposes, routed through 
private relief groups, compared with 
more than $600 million in direct as- 
sistance to Armenia 

But the Armenian lobby’s grip on Con- 
gress is now being challenged. U.S. oil 


companies and their supporters in Con- 
gress are mobilizing to increase aware- 
ness of the stakes in the Caspian basin. 

For its part, the administration is pro- 
moting an end to the ban on U.S. aid to 
Azerbaijan. It has joined Russia in a 
diplomatic effort to settle the Nagoroo 
dispute. A State Department report in 
April noted, “The Caspian region could 
become the most important new player 
in world oil markets over the next de- 
cade. The U.S. has critical foreign policy 
interests at stake” — world energy sup- 
plies, the sovereignty of former Soviet 
nations and the isolation of Iran. 


EUROPE: No NATO Doubts for Germany 


Continued from Page 1 


NATO: Challenge Isn’t Who’ll Belong, but How to Give Security 


Continued from Page 1 


exship role in lhe alliance. After an eco- 
nomic and political summit meeting in 
Denver last month, the French wait so 
far as to complain about American 
temptations toward “hegemony.” 

The French government tad been 
leading a European charge to have Ro- 
mania and possibly Slovenia included 
— in addition to foe Czech Republic, 

Hungary and Poland— on the list of foe 

first formerly Communist NATO mem- 
bers. But officials indicated last week 
that France would not block a consensus 
on keeping foe list to only three conn- 
fries. 

Still, there is one thing on which all 
Enropeans agree, and that is the need for 
decisive arc strong leadership from 
America on the key flesb-and-blood se- 
curity issues confronting foe alliance. 


The biggest such issue is how NATO 
can encourage lasting stability in East- 
ern and Southeastern Europe. Such 
problems as Russia’s relations wjfo foe 
Baltic countries and Ukraine, as well as 
historical tensions among Romania, 
Hungary and Moldova over substantial 
e thnic minority populations, have 
pushed all these countries toward a 
closer relationship with the a lli a n ce. 

And here foe precedents being set in 
Bosnia are no less crucial than they were 
in late 1995, when a NATO peacekeep- 
ing force commanded by American of- 
ficers wait in. 

A year and a half later, European 
diplomats and government officials 
agree, foe Bosnian parties are no closer 
to a lasting political solution than they 
Were daring foe war. But American 
troops are scheduled to pull out of Bos- 
nia in mid- 1998, and unless Mr. Clinton 
changes that, diplomats fear, Europe 


may find itself right back where it start- 
ed. 

“If the United States leaves, we all 
leave,” said President Jacques Chirac, 
who played an important part in per- 
suading America to get involved in Bos- 
nia in 1995. 

France is the largest single European 
contributor to foe now 33,000-strong 
NATO force in Bosnia, 8,000 of whose 
troops are American. 

“There has to be a.U.S. component in 
any land of permanent solution,” Carlos 
Westeodorp, foe new international ci- 
vilian coordinator in Bosnia, told a Euro- 
pean Parliament committee last week. 

Keeping troops on the ground is only 
one issue. Europeans and Americans 
agree that even if they stay, there will be 
no peace in Bosnia unless foe many 
people indicted on war crimes charges 
there are removed from foe political 
scene and brought to justice. 


ous ness of the new facts have rolled over 
routine partisan politics in foe Bundestag 
to foe extent that about 90 percent of its 
membership backs expansion. Last 
week, Joscnka Fischer, the parliamen- 
tary chief of tiie Greens, foe historically 
anti-military, anti-nuclear, anti-NATO 
party, got on board, after strong resis- 
tance among his party friends. 

Significantly, foe rationale offered for 
foe turnabout of the Greens’ leadership 
poked at a taboo that has fallen away in 
Germany as enlargement comes closer. 
Essentially, it acknowledged that fear of 
foe Germans, just as much as of the 
Russians, was a baric legitimizing ele- 
ment in foe East European desire “to 
seek protection from future threats” 
through NATO membership. 

This kind of argumentation has real 
currency among Europeans who, living 
close to their history, regarded German 
unification as having a menacing un- 
dertone, particularly if some kind of in- 
stability came to tire German borders 
from foe east. In the context of foe en- 
largement debate, such notions are oc- 
casionally described as abstract by 
Americans involved in foe cost projec- 


tions of the Pentagon and Congressional 
Budget Office, but they are now in the 
open, and foremost in German thinkin g. 

“For many Europeans, NATO expan- 
sion and the American role is directed 
against their fear of the Germans,” said 
Kars ten Voigt, parliamentary foreign 
policy spokesman of foe Social Demo- 
cratic Party. “I don’t want people to be 
afraid of us. Therefore, I want foe Amer- 
icans, and I want NATO enlarged. ” 

For more conservative Germans there 
was foe practical prospect of having a 
new Polish ally serving as a buffer be- 
tween Russia and the German bonier. 
With France a friend in the alliance since 
1949, the Polish, Czech and Hungarian 
linkage could close off the last notions of 
German encirclement, a goad or pretense 
for German aggression in the past 
Because foe process was considered a 
historic saccess, German officials were 
irritated by President Jacques Chirac's 
open support of Romania ar foe same 
time that foe United States was indi- 
cating it considered Romania's candi- 
dacy one for a later round. They said Mr. 
Chirac had broken an agreement not to 
offer specific support to any country, 
obviously complicating a difficult do- 
mestic issue for President Bill Clinton. 




PI I- 


p ; 


PAGE 8 


MONDAY^ JULY 7, 1997 


Iferalb 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sribune 


Fl'BLMlF.I) WITH THE Tsf.W 10RK TIMM "D THE AURNCTOK POST 


A Gratuitous Risk 


Bill Clinton heads to Madrid this 
week to construct the foreign policy 
centerpiece of his presidency, the east- 
ward expansion of NATO. 

The United States has initiated no 
more fateful enterprise since the end of 
the Cold War. yet it has done so largely 
without public discussion. With 
NATO pl annin g to issue invitations to 
three new members in Madrid, a na- 
tional debate can no longer wait. 

Twenty senators, representing both 
parties, did their best to start one last 
week. In a thoughtful, deceptively mild 
letter to President Clinton, the law- 
makers identified many of the ques- 
tions about NATO expansion that 
Americans ought to consider before 
committing their soldiers and nuclear 
weapons to the defense of Warsaw, 
Prague and Budapest. The letter at- 
tracted little public attention, but it was 
closely read by administration officials 
looking for some early indiration 
whether a two- thirds majority in the 
Senate can be assembled in 1998 to 
approve NATO expansion. 

It is too soon to know, but the 20 
senators, led by Kay Bailey Hutchison 
of Texas, served notice that corner- 
stone elements of the NATO plan look 
badly conceived and that the admin- 
istration has so far done a dismal job of 
explaining and justifying the decisions 
that will be taken in Madrid. A stronger 
letter was sent ro Mr. Clinton last 
month by some 40 Americans with 
European expertise, including former 
Senators Sam Nunn and Bill Bradley. 

Tinkering with the map of Europe is 
not something to be done lightly. Two 
world wars starred on the Continent this 
century and it was the primary bat- 
tlefield of the Cold War. Europe today 
is largely at peace and the great threat to 
democracy, the Soviet Union, vanished 
in 1991. If the map is to be redrawn, the 
reasons must be overwhelming and the 
jrential consequences beyond doubt. 
JATO expansion does not now meet 
those tests. 

The Hutchison group, for instance, 
would like to know what military threat 
NATO expansion is intended to counter, 
now that die Russian threat has receded. 
The senators, including the conservative 
Republican Jesse Helms and the liberal 
Democrat Paul Wellstone, wonder 
whether potential armed bonder disputes 
among new NATO members would 
warrant the use of American forces, as 
provided under NATO security guar- 
antees. They are also concerned that 
NATO growth might jeopardize Rus- 
sian approval of current and future 
agreements to cut nuclear arsenals. 

Two important issues cited by the 
senators flared up even before Madrid. 


One is that NATO enlargement may 
divide Europe into two classes of na- 
tions, those admitted to the alliance and 
those excluded. 

Even promises of future consider- 
ation for countries like Romania, Slo- 
venia, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia 


would leave them on the sidelines po- 
litically, militarily and economically. 


pot 

NA 


That may well turn into one of the most 
damaging consequences of expansion. 

The answer is not to admit every 
applicant now. Even proponents of ex- 
pansion recognize that doing so would 
overwhelm and weaken NATO. 

That leaves Washington and its allies 
skirmishing over the pace of expan- 
sion. A showdown was barely avoided 
in Madrid when France last week with- 
drew its insistence that Romania be 
offered membership immediately. This 
issue will continue to be a source of 
corrosive friction within the alliance. 

The other immediate concern is the 
financial cost of expansion and how it 
should be apportioned among NATO 
members. The Clinton administration, 
not surprisingly, has calculated a re- 
latively modest $35 billion price tag 
spread over 13 years to modernize the 
military forces of new member states. 
Washington's share would be roughly 
$2 billion, or 6 percent. Other esti- 
mates run much higher, up to a total 
cost of S 125 billion, with Washington 
paying $19 billion, or 15 percent. Sen- 
ator Hutchison and her colleagues le- 
gitimately ask how the White House 
can be so certain Washington will ul- 
timately cover just a fraction of the 
bill. 

Hanging over the whole expansion 
plan is the potential adverse impact on 
Russia as it moves painfully toward 
democracy and free markets. Helping 
Russia complete that transition should 
be the primary objective of American 
policy today. NATO expansion. 


though gnidgingly accepted by Pres- 
oris Yeltsin, seems likely over 


idem Boris 
time to embolden Russia's anti-demo- 
cratic forces. Hie first time NATO 
rejects Moscow's advice at a new con- 
sultative council ser up to ease the 
concerns of Mr. Yeltsin, his accom- 
modation with the alliance is certain to 
come under withering attack at home. 

Given the absence of a clear threat to 
Europe and the possibility of so many 
unpredictable consequences, NATO 
expansion seems a gratuitous risk. If 
Mr. Clinton is determined to make it 
happen, he has an obligation to tell the 
American people why he is so sure it 
will not undermine stability in Europe 
and lead to a waste of American re- 
sources. He can begin in Madrid. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Nuclear Proliferation 


No grimmer and higher-staked con- 
test is being played out anywhere in the 
world than that berween those who 
would spread nuclear and other 
weapons of mass destruction and ad- 
vanced conventional weapons and 
those who would restrict them. This is 
the thrust of the latest public counter- 
proliferation report of the CIA. The 
report advertises not only the efforts of 
the would-be proliferators in weapons 
and in the missiles to carry them but 
also, in pan, the reach of the intel- 
ligence agencies that are tracking those 
programs down. 

By and large, the countries de-- 
scribed as on the prowl for special 
weapons of different sorts come from a 
familiar list. These include the gen- 
erally certified rogue regimes of Iran, 
Iraq and Libya, some of the Arab po- 
lice regimes t Syria, Egypt) and the 
matched-against-each-other pair of In- 
dia and Pakistan. The countries iden- 
tified as “key suppliers” include 
China and Russia, wnich are prospect- 
ing for influence and cash, and the 
isolated and still-renegade North 
Korea. 

But look who else is on that short 
and dubious list — Germany, a “fa- 
vorite target” whose export controls 
thwarted “many" would-be prolifer- 
aiors even while “some dual-use 
goods were exported, purportedly to 
civilian end users." 

The most interesting pages of this 
report focus not on weapons but on the 
description of rhe net the United States 
and other governments continue to 
weave to stop and slow dangerous pro- 
grams. "While it is an extremely dif- 
ficult problem,” the report says. “U.S. 
government efforts have made some 
progress, making both the acquisition 
and development of weapons of mass 


destruction more difficult and costly 
for proliferators.'* Interdiction can 
supplement- both the diplomacy meant 
to reduce the perceived need for a 
special weapons program and the edu- 
cation measures intended to show the 
funds could be better spent elsewhere. 
Financial and security incentives can 
be offered, too. 

The trends are not comforting. 
■‘Countries of concern” continue to 
acquire “substantial” amounts of dan- 
gerous equipment and technology. 
China and Russia, still the prime sup- 
pliers despite their past assurances of 
cooperation, remain to be brought fully 
into attempts to stem the flow. By 
developing their own procurement 
networks as well as their own 
weapons- building capabilities, prolif- 
erators slip the noose. T hink, con- 
cludes this global alert, of an uncon- 
strained Iran. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


Pyongyang’s Decision 


Whether North Korea's interest in 
making peace will remain if its food 
problems are ameliorated is the crucial 
question. 

Is it ready to end its global isolation 
by taking the key first step of nor- 
malizing relations with South Korea? 
Is ir ready ro strengthen its economy 
by. among other things . diverting some 
of its staggering military outlays to 
more productive uses? The opportu- 
nity is at hand. What is yet to be 
demonstrated is whether the political 
decision to seize that opportunity has 
been made. 

— Los Angeles Times. 


Rcralb^SSrtbunc 


nuriLp am n> 1 


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A New NATO for aNew Europe and a New Era 

V Tw* nAmninB • NATO’s ffillll 


B russels — T he nato summit 
meeting in Madrid will launch a 
new phase in building the cooperative 
security order in Europe for the 21st 
century. It will endorse at the highest 
level the adaptation of the alliance to 
meet die challenges of today and of the 
fiiture. Together, these decisions will 
ensure that we are well on course to- 
ward our goal: a new NATO for a new 
Europe. 

Three previous NATO summit 
meetings charted the path to Madrid. 
The London summit in 1990 marked 
the beginning of a cooperative rela- 
tionship with NATO's former ad- 
versaries, thus ending the Cold War for 
good. The Rome summit, in 1991 
launched a new strategic concept and a 
distinct framework for cooperation 
with the new partners to our east. The 
Brussels summit of 1994 saw the be- 
ginning of NATO's enlargement pro- 
cess. the launching of the Partnership 
for Peace initiative, a NATO policy on 
preventing proliferation, and concrete 
work on developing' a European se- 
curity and defense identity within 
NATO. 

The Madrid summit will add to the 
record of achievement. But unlike the 
meetings in London, Rome and Brus- 
sels, which focused on individual ele- 
ments of NATO's political and military 
reform, Madrid will bring together 
these elements to form a coherent 
whole. And it will do so in the context 
of a vigorous program of wide-ranging 
cooperation with the nations of the 
Euro-Atlantic region. 

A glance ar Monday’s summit 


By Javier Soiana 

The writer is secretary-general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 



agenda confirms that the essential ele- 
ments of our strategic vision are com- 
ing together 

• We will invite several countries to 
stan accession negotiations with the 
alliance. Our goal is for the new mem- 
bers to join by 1999, NATO’s 50th 
anniversary. 

• We will commit ourselves to a 
robust “open door” policy concerning 
further accessions. 

• We will stan a substantially en- 
hanced Partnership for Peace program, 
deepening and intensifying our cooper- 
ation with all our partner countries. 

• We will intensify political con- 
sultations with our partners through the 
recently created Euro-Atlantic Partner- 
ship Council. 

• We will reconfirm our strong com- 
mitment to developing genuine secu- 
rity partnership with Russia, building 
upon the NATQ-Russia Founding Act, 
signed in Paris on May 27, which es- 
tablishes concrete mechanisms and 


procedures for consultation, cooper- 
NATO 


ation and coordination between NA1 
and Russia. 

• We will sign a charter with 
Ukraine on a distinct and effective part- 
nership. 

• We will enhance the dialogue with 
our Mediterranean neighbors. 

• We will make further progress in 
developing a European security and de- 
fense identity within the alliance. 

• We will take stock of progress in 


the alliance's adaptation to carrying out 
its new missions of peacekeeping and 
crisis management as well as its tra- 
ditional role of collective defense. 

The implications of these initiatives 
go far beyond the Atlantic alliance it- , 
self. Indeed, the Madrid agenda is a 
manifestation of NATO’s wider role as 
a catalyst for political change across the 
entire Euro-Atlantic area. It demon- 
strates that allies and partners, freed 
from the political and military strait- 
jacket of the Cold War. no longer define 
their security interests in narrow terras. 

The unique NATO-led coalition in 
Bosnia is perhaps the most visible 
manifestation of that new cooperative 
approach. The' success of the Imple- 
mentation and Stabilization Forces, 
with the participation of so many non- 
NATO nations, shows the adapted 
NATO in action. We will continue to 
improve our ability — both within the 
allianc e and in. cooperation with our 
partners — to meet new challenges. The 
Madrid meeting gives us the political 
and military mec hanisms to do this. 

The new NATO post-Madrid will 
thus be very different from the NATO of 
the past. Politically, the alliance of the 
future will have more members and a 


In reforming ■ . NATO s milii ry- 
structure, we will ensure that its is-;, 
sentiai multinational cbaracterrenu ns v: 
firmly intact But the reform will re: tit ; 
fewer headquarters, greater opfr 7 


in 


ational flexibility and an openness 
working with partners in preparing 
mre joint operations. In these 
NATO's new military structure 
bear little resemblance to its 


1 


much closer relationship with its part- 
ners. It will also have dustii 


stinct relation- 
ships with Russia and Ukraine. And it 
will have an institutionalized Mediter- 
ranean dimension, through a continuous 
dialogue with our southern neighbors. 


CC Tbe reformed structure" will also fe! 
ture a distinct and visible Ei _ 
element within it, e nabling , fir 
European-led coalitions to act wi 
NATO’s support It thus makes g<r 
on NATO's promise to give more 
spo risibility to the European Allies; 
part of a new trans- Atlantic bargain foj 
the next century. • 

Despite the many changes, the al 
Liance fundamentals will re main . 
NATO ? s commitment to the collectivi 
defense of its members is one sue! 
fundamental. This mutual obligation is 
at the very heart of the alliance, and we 
have no intention of changing that. Nor 
will we do away with NATO's unique 
mili tary characteristics, which after all 
give NATO its credibility as a political 
actor. . 1 

And yet another thing NATO will 
not change: its trans- Atlantic vocation. 
The new NATO, just like the old one, 
will remain the cornerstone of the 
trans- At! antic community. The Madrid 
summit meeting will both confirm the 
dynamism of this community as well as 
ensure its successful continuation well 
into the next century. 

International Herald Tribune. ' 


Guilt and Emotion, Not Strategy, Prompt Enlargement 


W ASHINGTON — Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and the 
leaders of Europe sleep in the 
same bed but dream different 
dreams about the future of the 
Eurasian landmass. Their se- 
curity summit meeting in Mad- 
rid this week will begm a pain- 
ful awakening to significant 
differences. 


By Jim Hoagland 


The midweek communique 
and press conferences in Mad- 


rid will stress alleged unity on 
grand strategy. Take them with 
a grain of salt. Here’s why: 

Guilt and emotion rather 
than strategy bring the 1 6 lead- 
ers to Madrid to expand the 
NATO alliance into Central 
Europe, as President Clinton 
has been demanding for more 
than three years. A joint visit to 
a therapist's office would have 
been more appropriate. 

A quick man with a national 
apology, Mr. Clinton decided 
in 1993 that America had to 
atone for sins of the past by 
bringing the Czech Republic, 
Hungary and Poland into the 
North Atlantic pact How then 
could the leaders of Britain 
and France, which abandoned 
these countries to Hitler de- 
spite their solemn promises, 
or Germany, which occupied 


or absorbed them, say no? 

The three candidate coun- 
tries were indeed wronged by 
the Europeans at Munich. And 
then at Yalta, they were ines- 
capably left by the West to die 
fate of Soviet occupation. Mr. 
Clinton and his aides stress 
these historical crimes in ex- 
plaining their push fora military 
expansion to counter a raj 
declining conventional 
from Moscow. But expanding 
NATO now will not right those 
wrongs nor atone for them. 

The emotional basis for Mr. 
Clinton's conversion to NATO 
expansion is clear. His former 
national security adviser. An- 
thony Lake, and others say the 
decisive moment came during a 
ceremony marking the opening 
of the Holocaust Museum in 
Washington in 1993. where Mr. 
Clinton's aides seem to have 
allowed him to be repeatedly 


guilt-tripped by Vaclav Havel 
Lech Wa 


and Lech Walesa. 

“It was raining hard,” Mr. 
Lake recounts in a recent op-ed . 
article that he co-authored with 


Zbigniew Brzezinski. Jimmy 


Carter’s national security 
viser (IHT. July / J. "The dra- 


matic weather reinforced a mo- 
ment that was filled not only 
with moral imperative but also 
with strategic possibility.” 

Come again? What if it had 
snowed, or hailed? Would 
Moscow be reduced to nuclear 
nibble today? 

Emotions and guilt of course 
do shape big political de- 
cisions. But they are uncertain 
currency in alliance transac- 
tions, where other leaders’ 
senses of history and atonement 
come into play in different 
ways. This will become appar- 
ent after Madrid, as Europe and 
America argue over who will 
pay for NATO expansion and 
where the alliance's eastern 
frontier will come to rest. 

The Clintonites do not have 
convincing answers for these 
questions. As on so many other 
matters, the president behaves 
like an F. Scott Fitzgerald 
character at this point: Like Jay 
Gatsby and his friends, he 
leaves the messy details of his 
adventures for others to clean 
up. Like Gatsby, Mr. Clinton is 
popular but not respected. 

The Gatsby syndrome has 
been evident for some time 


now with the American public. 
Madrid, following on the heels 
of the Group of Eight mish- 
mash in Denver, should estab- 
lish that the liked-but-not-re- 
spected syndrome has also 
taken hold with Mr. Clinton's 
peers in America's most im- 
portant alliances. 

If they were to speak* can- 
didly in public. President 
Jacques Chirac of France and 
Germany ’ s Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl would disclose two sig- 
nificant differences with the 
Clintonite dream of NATO ex- 


Pentagon says are needed to 
bring Central Europe up to 
NATO standards — would be 


self-defeating folly. If Amer- 


ica insists on building up Pol- 
ina 


ish airfields to be able to handle 
nuclear-capable aircraft in an 
emergency, America will have 


to pick up most of the tab, Mr. 
Kohl and others suggest. The 


pansion: 

Both believe it should stop 
at the frontiers of the former 
Soviet Union, effectively ex- 
cluding the Baltic states and 
Ukraine from future NATO 
membership. “Do not humil- 
iate the Russians.'* Mr. Chirac 
keeps telling Mr. Clinton on 
this point. Mr. Chirac favors 
special NATO links to the 
Baltics and a charter agree- 
ment on security with Ukraine 
similar to one NATO has 
signed with Russia. Mr. Clin- 
ton says everybody is even- 
tually welcome in NATO. 

And the Europeans are con- 
vinced that large increases in 
militaiy spending — as the 


Senate may feel differently. 

In private comments to 
American interlocutors during 
a visit to Washington last 
month. Mr. Kohl nude clear 
that for him NATO expansion 
is about one country: Poland. 
Admitting Poland expiates 
German guilt It removes 
Warsaw as the object of the 
historic Berlin-Moscow com- 
petition in Central Europe. It is 
a political and psychological 
act for Mr. Kohl, not a military 
decision feat provides Amer- 
ican generals with new toys 
and territory for war games. 

No huge labor on a lengthy 
communique is needed to sum 
up the Madrid gathering. It 
already exists in fee concluding 
line of “The Great Gatsby”: 
“So we beat on, boats against 
the current, borne back cease- 
lessly into the past.” 

The Washington Post 


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Both Sides Must Get to Work Mending Frayed U.S.-Sino Ties 


B eijing — wife a sched- 
uled summit meeting be- 
tween Presidents Bill Clinton 


By David Shambaugli 


and Jiang Zemin in Washington 
less than four months away, 
Chinese officials and analysts 
here are keeping a close eye on 
fee raucous debate over China 
policy in Washington. They ex- 
press consternation over fee re- 
cent China-bashing in fee 
United States — termed the 
"anti-China wave" — and fear 
it could lead to a real retro- 
gression of relations. 

Chinese officials are adam- 
ant feat they seek to avoid fur- 
ther deterioration of ties with 
the United States. Rather than 
fuel the emotional and ideolog- 
ical passions emanating from 
Washington. America special- 
ists here claim feat Beijing this 
year has intentionally toned 
down its anti-American propa- 
ganda machine and taken con- 
crete steps to become a good 
global citizen by becoming 
more actively involved in mul- 
tilateral security regimes. 
Nonetheless, civilian and mil- 


itary officials in Beijing are mys- 
rigins of this new 


tiffed by the origins 
round of anti-China sentiment in 
America. They hope fee U.S. 
debate will rum out like an an- 
cient Chinese proverb: “much 
thunder without rain." They 


probe American interlocutors for 
fee sources of this new invective 
but have a tendency to blame it 
on unreconstructed Cold War 
ideologues searching for a new 
enemy to replace the Soviet Un- 
ion. Some also think Taipei is 
manipulating fee current Amer- 
ican debate on China policy. 

These perspectives are trou- 
bling, as they are largely in- 
accurate and do not take se- 
riously the many concrete issues 
fear drive American displeasure 
with fee regime in Beijing: hu- 
man rights abuses; fee bilateral 
trade deficit; the terms of 
China's accession to fee World 
Trade Organization; China's 
advanced aims purchases from 
Russia and sensitive weapons 
transfers to Iran and Pakistan; 
the rollback of Hong Kong’s 
democratic freedoms; religious 
repression: birth control prac- 
tices and policies: Beijing's bel- 
ligerence toward Taiwan and 
Tibet, and China’s recent cri- 
ticisms of U.S. defense alliances 
and military forces in the Asia- 
Pacific region. 

In fee months leading up to 
Mr. Jiang's state visit there is 
much work to be done to pre- 
pare a substantively successful 
meeting. If tangible progress is 


Give China the Benefit of the Doubt 



West relations and brighten our 
day? After all. North Korea has 
now ended its long and ill-ad- 
vised diplomatic holdout from 
vital talks with the United States. 
China and South Korea. 

And now feat Hong Kong has 
reverted to Chinese sover- 
eignty, it is vital that we in fee 
West and those in Beijing allow 
Tung Chee-hwa and his team a 
modicum of goodwill to let 
them get on wife fee task at 
hand. Should Beijing's stew- 
ardship of Hong Kong prove to 
be sensitive, adept and well- 
intentioned, the result will be 3 
colossal diplomatic triumph for 
China. Conversely, if Beijing 
fumbles this historic chance to 


show it is a skilled player in fee 
big league of nations, all of us 
will have ample opportunity to 
criticize, castigate and con- 
demn. 

I am convinced feat the lead- 
ers of China are serious in their 
commitment to raise fee living 
standards of fee Chinese people 
and that they fully appreciate 
how important Hong Kong will 
prove in that effort. Indeed, 
without Hong Kong, that goal is 
virtually impossible. So Beijing 
will assign its besr people to this 
account. China’s best people — 
and I have met many of them — 
are very good indeed. China 
will fail only if its thugs and 
unthinking ideologues get con- 
troL I don’t think they will. 

—Tom Plate, commenting 
in the Los Angeles Times. 


not made in several key areas, 
fee domestic critics of Mr. Clin- 
ton's policy of “comprehensive 
engagement" will have fee day 
and relations between these two 
great powers could quickly de- 
teriorate into a new Cold War. 

Both sides should work To- 
ward subsranlive progress in 
four key areas. First, with re- 
gard to human rights, it would 
be helpful if China permitted 
Red Cross access to its prisons, 
released key dissents like Wang 
Dan and wei Jingsheng and 
signed both LIN covenants on 
human righrs. Second. China’s 
full membership in fee Missile 
Technology- Control Regime 
and tightening of its export con- 
trol procedures would relieve 
concerns about its weapons ex- 
ports and suspected nuclear pro- 
liferation. Third, both sides 
should push for final agreement 
on fee terms of China’s acces- 
sion to the WTO. Fourth, China 
should publicly acknowledge 
its willingness to work with fee 
United” States to reduce its S40 
billion trade surplus. 

In addition, Beijing can take 
three other steps to improve fee 
atmosphere for a successful 
summit meeting: minimal dis- 
ruption of Hong Kong’s 
freedoms and democratic insti- 
tutions: the commencement of 
direct dialogue with Taiwan 
and the Dalai Lama’s represen- 
tatives. and a cessation of at- 
tacks on the U.S.-Japan alliance 
and the deployment of U.S. mil- 
itary forces in Asia. 

In return for these Chinese 
initiatives. Washington should 
reciprocate by granting perma- 
nent most-favored-narion trad- 
ing status to China; dropping its 
attempts to condemn China at 
fee United Nations Commis- 
sion on Human Rights; announ- 
cing a new moratorium on ad- 
vanced arms sales to Taiwan, 
commensurate with a lessening 
of tensions across the Taiwan 
Strait: lifting the remaining 
nonmilitary sanctions in place 
since 1989, and sponsoring 
China's entry into the G-7 
group of industrialized nations, 

5uch trade-offs could go far 
toward making the planned lare- 


October Sino- American summit 
meeting successful and substan- 
tive. They would certainly be 
important in stabilizing fee bi- 
lateral relationship and, in turn, 
world affairs. A Sino-U.S. deal 
would also boost each presi- 
dent's domestic political stand- 
ing and enhance their credentials 
as statesmen. For President Clin- 
ton, it would also vindicate and 
rescue his administration's em- 
battled policy of engagement. 

It would also help Jiang 
Zemin *s consolidation of power 
in the post-Deng era. While 
primus inter pares among 
China's collective leadership, 
Mr. Jiang is currently fighting 
domestic political battles on 
several fronts. He has begun to 
stake out a distinctly reformist 
line of late, distancing himself 
from fee conservative outgoing 
prime minister, Li Peng, and 
drawing closer to the more 
maverick National People's 
Congress chairman, Qiao Shi. 
By publicly backing joint stock 
ownership and placing the nag- * 
ging issue of state-owned en- 


terprise reform near the top of •) 


the regime's agenda, Mr. Jiang 
himself. 


is also trying to distance 
from hard-line leftists who are 
trying to turn the issue of public 
(i.e., state; ownership into fee 
post-Deng political Rubicon. In 
a recent speech to the Central 
(Communist) Party School, Mr." 
Jiang also adopted several 
themes of political and econom- 
ic reform not heard since 1989, 
and previously associated wife 
fee purged Communist .Party 
leader Zhao Zivan g 
These recent steps could sig- 
nal that Jiang Zemin is stepping 
out of the post-Tiananmen shad- 
ow and embracing a more re-, 
formist path at home — which is 
fee single most important step he 
could take to improve Smo- 
American relations. 


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The writer is professor 
political science and interna-'/, 
tional affairs, and director of the 
Signr Center for Asian Studies. '4 
at George Washington Uni 
versify. He contributed this com- . , 
ment to the Herald Tribune. L 







IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: N.Y. Swelters 


NEW YORK — It was sizz- 
lingiy hot in New York to-day 
[July 7]. The mercury’ did not go 
below 20.5 degrees Centigrade, 
and as soon as the sun was up 
the thermometer jumped up- 




ward until 3 p.m. and registered 
38 degrees Centigrade^ Every- 


body flocked to the shady sides 
of fee streets. In the business 
sections men went along 
swinging their hats in their 
hands and mopping the perspir- 
ation from their faces and necks. 
There were four prostrations in 
the dry. In Detroit, there were 
thirteen deaths from sunstroke. 


Russia. They are saying that fee 
Bolshevist regime is about to 
expire with Lenin's approaching W 
disappearance and that many y*-\ 
Bolshevists themselves, rather > ;.i 
than have fee country relapse 
into absolute anarchy, are now ii. 
willing to negotiate for a con- 
stitutional monarchy under one 
of fee Romanoffs. 


SKA]> 




During I9%i 
mree corel 

Soup’s ini — 
J3 percent to 51 
Meanwhile Sfcf 
bufldet k crcai 
mlrasqwiiircdi 

Skanska r v 
acquiring! 


1947: East Hesitates 


'-H 




SEk'ii.& 


LONDON — As Britain joined, i ^ 

Franw in >iniu,!mA »_ n V 


France in appealing to Russia to 
blockade 


1922: Clzarist Offensive 


PARIS — Some kind of Mon- 
archist revolution seems to be in 
active preparation in Russia. 
Various emissaries are now trav- 
elling wife astonishing freedom 
between fee leaders of fee White 
Russians in Paris and Bolshevist 


reverse her blockade of fee Mar- 
shall plan for European recon- 
struction. Communist-influ- 
enced states awaited signs from 
Moscow before deciding wheth- 
er to go along wife fee Western 
democracies. Indecision, was 


apparent in official' circles in • 
Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania r '•! 
and Bulgaria, despite full back- * : 
feg in fee Communist press of - 
fee Russian stand that broke up * - 
fee Paris three-power confer-": -- 
: Marshall offer. 


ence on fee 



- . 



- -7.il 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7. 1997 


\&f> 



LANGUAGE 


BOOKS 


\ iy. 

■in 


Conduct Unbecoming a Word Maven 


-XA.TQ*&-v military 
[ ensure tbat its 
?s character remains 

M fefonn will result 
greater oper- 
ago an -openness' to 
iwjDi preparing *]. 
dS. In - these- areis. 
tizsy structure wli 
lance w its pred*. 

■octure will also fe;. 
J visible Europe^ 
t, enabling futur- 
Utions to act witj 
ft thus makes goof 
** to give more re 
■European allies, a 
Atlantic bargain foi 

ly changes, the al- 
^als will remain, 
ftnt to the collective 
tnbers is one such 
mutual obligation is 
the alliance, and we 

fdianging that. Nor 

ith NATO’s unique 
gj®*: w bich after all 
abujty as a political 

f thing NATO will 
^Atlantic vocation 
rst like the old one. 
:omerstone of the 
iranity. The Madrid 
ill both confirm the 
immunity as well as 
ti continuation well 

Jerald Tribune 


iment 


says are needed to 
itral Europe up to 
ndards — would he 
ing folly. If Amer- 
qn building up Pol- 
s to be able to handle 
pable aircraft in an 
t, America will have 
most of the tab. Mr. 
others suggest. The 
y feel differently. 
r ate comments to 
interlocutors during 
> Washington faM 
r. Kohl made dear 
n NATO expansion 
ne country: Poland 
Poland expiatcN 
guilt It removes 
s the object of the 
arlin-Moscow com- 
Cencral Europe. It is 
and psychological 
Kohl, not a military 
ltd provides Amcr- 
rals with new io>> 
ry for war games, 
i labor on a lengthy 
ue is needed to sum 
!adrid gathering. It 
sis in the concluding 
Tie Great Gatsby": 
rat on, boats against 
■, borne back cease- 
foe past." 

Vashingiivi Piet 


By William Safire 


no Ties 


.‘WASHINGTON — "Ouch!" 
; * Thai is the full text of a note sent 
; to w by William F. Buckley of the 
I Naonal Review attached to a clipping 

* of i political column of mine that 

■ I* 10, " ’Conduct unbecoming an of- 
. .firr and a gentleman' is one of those 
| - pt^s dun sounds as if it comes out of 
, K'ling." The ouchifying word was 

■ tb verb sounds. 

^his is the second time he has caught 
nr m that mistake. Only 12 years ago. 
T-; f I f T °t e about ’ ‘one of those little epis- 
"-* • o^s in the relations between nations 
’ tit illustrates the nature of alliances,*’ 
i si in came that little blue note from 
;• hckley expressing dismay with his 
1 cstomary one-word excoriation. The 

■ (fending verb in that case: illustrates. 

\ ith an s. 

' One critic does not make a winter. I 
' aited for the other shoe to drop, and in 

■ te next mail came a missive from 

* Jistair Cooke, whose gentle BBC eye 
as nor lost its sharpness. On the back 

■ -f the envelope, a battle cry from some 
i orgonen war: “Remember the EI- 
ipse!" And. like an anti-blurb. "Ab- 
|ioIuteIy indefensible — Fowler." 

' Kissing the rod brandished by the 
lauthor of "Buckley: The Right Word." 
edited by Sam Vaughan (Random 
. [House, S28). I can ease Bill’s pain and 
J L .mine: in the sentence beginning, ’"Con- 
T ;duct unbecoming an officer and a gen- 
j tleman’ is one of those phrases ihui . . .," 

] what is the antecedent of the relative 
A pronoun that? Is it one? If one were the 
; antecedent, then that would be followed 
• by a singular verb, sounds, with an s. 




But one is not the antecedent. (I 
think I’ll memorize this.) To see what 
the antecedent is, turn the sentence 
around: "Of those phrases that . . ., 
'conduct unbecoming an officer and a 
gentleman' is one." Phrases is the 
antecedent: it's pluraL demanding the 
plural verb sound. (Use the singular 
verb when one is the only one, as in, 
“That is the only one of the phrases 
that sounds right.’’) 




- ,^:jl 

-- 


V * 







M 


Vuultf A>4 iii/IKT 


Come at it another way. In a sen- 
tence beginning, “One of the language 
mavens who plants ‘mistakes' in 
columns to draw interesting mail 
is . . .,** what is the subject of the 
relative clause? Is it One? No; it’s who. 
referring to the language mavens. plur- 
al, and the relative clause that follows 
should have the plural verb plant (un- 
less it’s “the only one of the language 
mavens who plants ... "). 

Therefore, in my lead sentence, 
“one of those phrases that sounds" 
should have read ' ‘one of those phrases 
that sound." 

That takes care of the damnably 
rather-be-righr Buckley. Bui here is 
where I get blindsided by Alistair { Re- 
member the Ellipse!) Cooke. 

The Ellipse, to most of us. is the 
place behind the White House. 

That sense, from the Greek for “fall- 
ing short," is not a criticism of Pres- 
ident Clinton's stewardship, but has to 
do with the shape of the lawn — falling 
short of a perfect circle, squeezed down 
into a sort of egg shape, a closed curve 
formed by sectioning a cone. 

That is not the meaning of ellipse 
Cooke has in mind. He is using the 
clipped form of ellipsis, "the omission 
of words that the context makes un- 
necessary." another falling short of 
completeness and perfection. (His 
shortening reflects a clip by the gram- 
marian Henry Fowler that is not yet in 
most dictionaries, but language 


mavens often pu.ih lexicographic en- 
velopes.) Scrupulous writers use three 
dots to indicate an ellipsis in a quo- 
tation when pithiness is desired but 
some stuffed shin goes on and on. We 
don’t bother wiih the three dots in 
everyday language when the meaninc 
is clearly understood: when if it Ts 
possible becomes if possible, not even 
a pedantic copy editor kicks about the 
missing dor-dot-dot. 


Now to Cooke's beef. Using brack- 
ets. we can put back into my sentence 
the words I left out. in undoited ellipsis. 
because they are understood. “ ‘Con- 
duct unbecoming an officer and a gen- 
tleman’ is one of those phrases that 
sounds as [it would sound] if it comes 
out of Kipling." 

The end of that sentence is cock- 
eyed. Earlier. I agreed to fix the sounds 
to sound, but Cooke is helting and 
flaying me for a different mistake, one 
masked by my ellipsis. As the addition 
of the words it would sound (formerly 
in ellipsis > to my sentence clearly in- 
dicates. the use of the present indic- 
ative, comes, is flat wrong; because I 
am in the conditional, slating a pos- 
sibility, it should be in the subjunctive. 
cumc. To use the present indicative 
comes in this case would be as bad as 
using is instead of the correctly sub- 
junctive um* — which is, as Fowler 
decreed in The King’s English, "ab- 
solutely indefensible." 

Cooke reparses the whole thing fur 
me: “ 'Conduct unbecoming an officer 
and a gentleman’ is one of tho.se 
phrases that sound as [they would 
sound] if they came out of Kipling.” 

We need not become "not and 
bothered." to use a phrase Rudyard 
Kipling coined in 1923, about failing to 
discern the proper antecedent or failing 
to use the subjunctive with the con- 
ditional, but we can coolly remain on 
guard. As Rudyard used to tell young 
Alistair and Bill: If you can keep all this 
in your head when all others about you 
are falling into error, then you're a 
man, my son. or a woman, my daugh- 
ter, as the case may be. 

AVh- Yitri Times Service 


THE AX 

By Donald E. Westlake. 273 pages $23. 
Mysterious PressiWarner Books 

Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

H ERE'S a chilling little fable for the 
end of the millennium. Burke 
Devore, the 5 1 -year-old protagonist of 
Donald E. Westlake’s grim new thriller, 
"The Ax,” has been downsized by Hal- 
cyon Mills, the paper company for 
which he has been product manager for 
16 years. 

Burke knows paper, even The kind 
you eat: as he explains, "a special kind 
of paper-source cardboard is used in 
many commercial ice creams, as a bind- 
er." He could “take over almost any 
managerial job within the paper in- 
dustry, with only minimal training in a 
particular specialty.” 

But with downsizing general ail over 
America, there are too few of those jobs 
for too many people. And Burke is really 
not quite die most qualified of can- 
didates. not even for the job with the mill 
in Arcadia. New York, that is starting up 
a line in which Burke specializes. Ralph 
Fallon already holds that position. And 
if anything were to happen to Ralph, 
there would be others who would prob- 
ably be hired ahead of Burke. 

So Burke — increasingly worried 
about the morrsase on his Connecticut 


home and the welfare of his wife, Mar- 
jorie, and their teenage children. Billy 
and Betsy — decides to take extreme 
measures. He writes an advertisement 
for a trade magazine announcing that 
B,D. Industrial Papers of Wild bury. 
Connecticut, is looking for a manufac- 
turing line manager. As the resumes 
pour Into the post office box Burke has 
given as the address of this phony com- 
pany. he winnows them in search of his 
most qualified competition. 

When he has narrowed the candidates 
down to six, he packs a Luger pistol he 
has found among his father's World War 
U souvenirs and sets our in his Plymouth 
Voyager to visit the home of the first one, 
Herbert Coleman Everly. When Everly 
comes out to get his mail. Burke aims the 
Luger at him and pulls the trigger. "The 
Luger jumps in the window space and 
the left lens of his glasses shatters and his 
left eye becomes~a mineshaft running 
deep into the center of the earth." This 
leaves five competitors to go. Then 
Burke will kill Ralph Fallon, and the 
Arcadia job will be his. 

You find this hard to believe? So did I 
at first. So does Burke himself, a basically 
decent man whose eyes begin to sting 
with tears of pity when a police detective 
investigating the murders shows Burke 
photographs of two of his victims. 

But as Burke proceeds with his awful 
plan, he keeps tightening the screws of 
his logic. "TTie equation is hard and real 


and ruthless. We’re running out of 
money. Maijorie and I and the kids, and 
we're running out of time. I have to be 
employed, that's all. I'm no self-starter. 
I'm not going to invent a new widget. 
I'm not going to found my own paper 
mill on a'shoestring. I need a job." 

And as he rums the screws, they bite 
deeper and deeper into the framework of 
these times. 

Will Burke succeed ar his gruesome 
project, or will the bloody mayhem he's 
committing eventually catch up with 
him? To answer this question is. of 
course, what ultimately keeps you de- 
vouring Westlake’s raut prose. And in 
the process you can’t help being in- 
fected by the biting anger of a book 
whose deeper message really transcends 
its story. 

As Burke muses when approaching 
his final crisis. "Today, our moral code 
is based on the idea that the end justifies 
the means.” He continues: “The end of 
whar I’m doing, the purpose, the goal, is 
good, clearly good. I want to take care of 
my family; I want to be a productive pan 
of society: I want to put my skills ro use; 
I want to’work and pay my own way and 
not be a burden to the taxpayers. The 
means to that end has been difficult, but 
I’ve kept my eye on the goal, the pur- 
pose. The end justifies the means.” 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on 
the staff of The Ne w York Times. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 


T HE European Champion- 
ship ended in Moniecar- 
ini, Italy, with the home coun- 
try taking the Open Team 
title. The Italian champions 
were Norberto Bocchi, Gior- 
gio Duboin. Andrea Burani. 
Massimo Lanzaroiti. Lorenzo 
Lauda and Alfredo Versace. 

Winning the Women’s 
Team title was a British team: 
Sandra Landy, Michele 
Handley, Liz* McGowan, 
Heather Dhondy. Nicola 
Smith and Pat Davies. 

A slight slip by a British 
declarer allowed a German 


defender to produce a bril- 
liant defensive stroke on the 
diagramed deal. The North- 
South cards offer an excellent 
play for six clubs and a good 
play for six diamonds, but 
both contracts are doomed by 
the bad splits in the minor 
suits. With the acrual layout, 
North-South were right to rest 
in five clubs. 

That contract should have 
succeeded, but South, perhaps 
worrying about the failure to 
reach a slam, took his eye off 
the ball. After a heart lead to 
the ace and a spade shift, he 
won with the ace. He should 
now have ruffed a heart, 
crossed to his hand with a 


trump lead and ruffed another 
heart with the club ace. Then 
he could have drawn trumps. 

Instead he cashed the club 
king at the third trick, which 
proved fatal. He now ruffed a 
heart and led rbe spade ten 
from the dummy. The East 
player. Andreas Holowski, 
could have ducked this to his 
partner, but he won with the 
king and made the devastating 
return of (he diamond jack. 

This blocked the diamond 
suit and there was nothing 
South could do: if he maneu- 
vered another ruff in the 
dummy, he would have no 
way to return to his hand to 
draw trumps. 


WEST 
*q JS3 
7 Q98 4 


NORTH 

* 10 4 
C- K 

< AKQG54 
*A8 4 2 

EAST 
4> K986 
? A J III 7 6 
>3832 

* — 

SOUTH (Dr 

* A72 
T 532 

v 10 9 

* K Q 3 10 7 


Both sides were vulnerable. The Md- 


ding: 

South 

West 

North 

East 

1 * 

Pass 

i ■: 

1 S 

Pass 

2 ^ 

3 ? 

Pass 

4* 

Pass 

4 T 

Pass 

4 ♦ 

Pass 

4 N.T. 

Pass 

5 + 

Pass 

Pass 

Pass 

West led the heart four. 





Annual Reports 


r;. ■ 


COGEMA 1 

the COGEMA Creep specialises in the nodear bid q/des it is active thnogmx 
the wodd in afl fa aspects, bon ore prospecting Id spa* fad reprocessing and 
RodSu induAtg aS operations associated with midear fuel fabriGmoo, as reel as 
desist and construction engineering for the ooaespaoefing tetaHabws. With its 
sabatfiaries aid other hok%i ft las a Ian share of the matte for opdodsaod 
sendees cootecled with nodear enesgy and, outside the nudear field, provides 
enaoeeiHie and services to other i stnes. The consofidated Saks revenue, wtadi 
anamSEd to FRF 306 bffioo bi 1995. readied FRF 34.4 Wen. up IZ5 * The net 
result {Group shore) amounted to FRF977nd6an, s stable Apse coroprahleto the 
prevfoos financial ye* 



DEXIA 




Befeiqoe. is the^eadfing European banking Boop spedaizlnc So die i ranting ol pubfic 
infiastnictiiie. The group is faenstag te devetapraert on the MoWnc core businesses 
public brfrastnidueand financial services to local authorities, commercial banking and 
asset managesent- W;& <otal assefc ol FRF UOQHfe* at the end of 1996, Deila ranks 
among Europe^ 25 IfeaSng banking insritutkxii 


LAEARGE^ ^ 3 

j^^posiioiBiiieachdbiirelarinMaeaa^^ittniataBda^gtes, 

45*OT«D^^ l eoiplojrlng over 31000 people pesetating sain of 
FRF 35 Uffion. lalssge b comrattod tD tfee development of materials and the 


MODO 


* 1996 combined net Income: 
■ Tbtai assets: 

• TWal capital base; 


FRFUUfai 
mum Me 
FRF4&B On 


EorodSO Mho 
Bno 1721 
Eiho7J Mm 


nunc hi ii umiuio cuqiiujmK oro j pcwny wa n 

FRF 35 union, Lafaige Is committed Id the development of materials and the 
advancement of the construction mdostry by bringing greater ofety comfort and 
aesthetic appeal to our eveiydaySves. 

LAFARGE, MATERIALS FOR BUILDING OUR WORLD 


MoDdh profit after net financial terns for 1996 amounted to SKr 2,919 mffion 

11995:5,21601). . _ 

tire Gronpt sales amotrted to SKr 20,1 15 mfflfon (22,319ml. 

The Group produces and sds foe papec newsprint and maganne papec paxjfboard. 


saw timber and puJp. 

MoDo is one of Sorifeni; top ten espartos. The Group oars produrian facilities fa 
Croat Britain and France, as well as in Sweden. MoDo operates through its own mar- 
faing organisations fa most Eanpeaiarantriesaod fa the USA. MoDo also marfartste 
products via agents and dtemhuiois in many other ooumries. 


iOYEARSAGO 



SKANSKA 5 

During 1996,lft< Sfcrtsfa Group increased the speaafcarioq focus and s&engtfi qfjfi 
tbeeooie hostesses - construction, oonBtnicflo®-refeed industry and real estate. The 
Group's bueukdonal espauton continued. Operations oo&fe Swedei rose Jtom 

43 pratet4®y_perceiU of t«al older boc*iri»whki»nou^^ to SEK 52^00 M. 

Memhfe State consofldated its nteffl&mfctft teadfaa briti* .and I band 
sisftta: SLcRsed a separate fastness aroa, BOT Projects, for the gronutg share of 
fafirasbnctrrrepr^etfcOTihpriv^finanArg. . .... . . 


At .warard 096, the Groups total rt 
SX 21389- IL The market value of 
SEK U.929M. 


d estate Iwfinshad a boot; value of 
Stansfafc stock portfolio amounted to 



SKF 


SKF is the raid leader in nffing bearings. The sales at^aibatiofl cops mob th» 

830 countries through wholly owned sales companies or via 2 (MX» distribute and 
dealers. Group sales in 1996 totafied SEX 33400 m. The number of employees was 
43,000. 

The experience pined in various application tekfc. coupfed rtth an annual 
investment of o«r £K 750 n fa ttsearen md devarpmeat > the honest amount to 
the industry - me SKF the essential experience and krwrtedge to provide aaomeis 
wih by. qpafity pjw'iicte and services. 



STATOIL 


Stated is an fateRutififlal tS aa ap mf staBy owned by the Noraegbn star* with 
operations in 24 countries. An operaSEng jxcfltef NOK 183 wBon fa 1996 was the best 
In the graft 25-year fasten, fa the sane yeas fits twenns topped NOK 100 bffion 
for the first time to reach NOK 107 bfflfotL Stated ranks as the baest on producer on 
tbe Naraeejan coatinenml sbeft at 464,000 bands per cfay in 1996. Dafly ootpnt the 
year befa® averaged bs^Ou^NMMfttheBDg) increased its oi and 

gas , pro&Kticn frames a 19 » toXM» buck, tt 

Internet 


UNION BANCAIRE PRIVEE 8 

Union Bancate JWwfe, headquarterod fa Geneva is ene of SwstzeriawfS leading 
private banks. Spetiafised m private and aadtaJonal asset management, the 
Bank refies on a strong bracatiomd presence throuehout Europe, the United 
States, Latin America aid Asia, and dies its cheats a complete range of feandai 


Bank refies on a Strong torenarjooaJ presence throughout Europe, the United 
States, Latin America aid Asia, and ofEus its cherts a complete range of foanriai 
services and products. Union BaDcsfee RrMe is one of the KmFcapriaOsed 
fa tarns UtoSale^KHF 1.252 Mlonl and tSbriarae shed 


.'I "!**** 

lOCosma 

Z ODeaa 

long with I t ,, . 

b" offiriS “ 5 □ Lafarge 


JBS 35 *- 


Please send me the following Annual Reports: 


5 □ Skanska 


6 □ SKF 


7 □ Statoil 

8 □ Union Bancaire Priv6e 


Name (Dr/Mr/MrsiMs). 

First name 

Position 

Company 

Address: 


Postcode 

E-mail address:, 
•telephone 


City 

Country. 


Mall or fax this coupon to: 
Monica Barron 
International Herald Tribune 
181 Avenue Charles de Gaulle 
92521 Neuilly Cedex, France. 
Fax: 33 (1) 41 43 92 12. 









PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Clintons in Spain 
On a Royal Cruise 


Prodi Vows to Press Clinton on Wider NATO Expans;* 


Reuters 

PALMA de MALLORCA, 
Spain, President Bill Clinton and 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 


wants NATO membership extended at 
this time only to Poland, the Czech 


his wife, Hillary, joined Spam’s 
king and queen on Sunday on the 
royal yacht for an outing on clear 
waters of the Mediterranean. 

The Clintons set out at noon with 
King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia 
on the sleek white yacht, Fortuna, 
followed by a small high speed boat 
co ntaining Secret Service agents. 

At one point, the royal vessel 
passed the USS Hue City, an Aegis- 
class cruiser, which had U.S. sail- 
ors lining the railing to catch of 


glimpse of their comman der- in- 
chief. Mr. Clinton saluted and 
waved to the crew. 

The president, who arrived in 
Majorca on Saturday, planned to 
remain on this resort island until 
Monday when he flies to Madrid 
for a NATO summit meeting open- 
ing the next day. 


ROME — Italy will press President 
Bill Clinton to invite Romania and Slov- 
enia to join NATO, even though there is 
virtually no chance of changing die U.S. 
position on the eve of the Madrid sum- 
mit, Prime Minister Romano Prodi said 
Sunday. 

“Good partners go to a meeting with 
an open mind, and NATO has always 
been an open partnership," Mr. Prodi 
said. “I hope Bill Clinton will have an 
open mind, and in fact I know he does,” 
Mr. Prodi said in an interview. 

Since the Denver economic summit 
last month, Mr. Clinton has repeatedly 
said the United States is not prepared to 
consider European demands for a 
broader expansion of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization immediately. The 
president, however, has indi c a te d 
Washington's willingness to consider 
invitations for Romania and Slovenia at 
a later date. 

The United States has announced it 


the Italian prime minister appeared to be 
trying to enlarge Rome’s role in NATO 
affairs, especially when in matters re- 
lating to the alliance's southern and 
southeastern flanks. 

“We will repeat our view,” Mr. 
Prodi said. “We go to Madrid for dis- 
cussions and not for a quarrel, but since 
we have meditated briefly on our pro- 
posal, we will stick to it." 

Mr. Prodi said he would remind Mr. 
Clinton at Madrid “that we should not 
forget that ethnic rivalry inside Ro- 
mania was one of our nightmares re- 
garding the future of Eastern Europe, 
and they have resolved the issue." 

He said that in arguing for Romania’s 
admission to NATO now, he would urge 
Mr. Clinton “not to forget the example 
of ethnic rivalries in the former 
Yugoslavia.” 

Taking an unusually activist stance, 
Mr. Prodi said Mr. Clinton should trust 



BRIEFLY 


Iran Linked to Pan- Am Attack 


HAMBURG — Ge rman officials are investigating 
information from a former top Iranian spy that Ayatollah 
Ruhollah Khomeini ordered the 1988 bombing of a Pan 
Am jet, a newsmagazine reported. 

Der Spiegel said the former spy, Abolghassem Mes- 
bahi, had told investigators that the attack was carried out 
in retaliation for the U.S. downing of a Iranian passenger 
jet. Tehran denied the report (A P) 


More Shellfire in Brazzaville 


BRAZZAVILLE, Congo Republic — Sporadic shell- 
fire rambled in the Congo Republic capital Sunday ahead 
of an expected announcement of progress in mediation to 
end the conflict The focus of the shelling was tfRetaersJ 


Che Guevara 9 s Body in Bolivia? 


mwm 

iMg 


-■-■i 



VALLEGRANDE, Bolivia — A Cuban doctor said 
that a set of human bones that have been exhumed from a 
communal grave here belong to the Argentine revo- 
lutionary Ernesto (Che) Guevara, whose burial place had 
been a 30-year-old mystery. (AFP, Reuters) 


For the Record 


Labi RararWThr Anoducd Pim 

BULL RUN — Cowboys climbing a lamppost to 
escape an angry bull during the annual Red Jacket 
bullfighting contest in Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal. 


A former top member of Argentina’s military junta 
has threatened to sue the government unless it lets him see 
files on his alleged human rights abuses, a newspaper 
reported Sunday. (Reuters) 


How a Sketch Sparked Arab Rage 


By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 


HEBRON, West Bank — A week 
ago, a Jewish art school dropout with 
extremist political views made a line 
drawing or a corpulent pig standing, pen 
in hoof, upon an open book. 

Tracing letters from an Arabic dic- 
tionary, she labeled the pig “Mo- 
hammed" and the book “Koran" and 
pasted 30 copies outside Muslim shops 
here. 

Since then, this seething city, the last 
in the West Bank still under partial 
Israeli military rule, has demonstrated 
once again how seldom it fails to re- 
spond to provocation. 

Daily violence between Pales tinian 
youths and Israeli troops, already chron- 
ic since March, took several significant 
turns for the worse. 

The escalating conflict is only partly 
attributable to the handiwork of the 
artist, Tatiana Susskind, who appears to 
have been acting alone and who now 
faces criminal charges. 

President Ezer Weizman, Prime Min- 
ister Benjamin Netanyahu and Chief 
Rabbi Eliahu Bakshi-Dorcm, among 
others, have condemned the woman's 
actions and apologized for her affront to 


over events in such “reckless hands.” 

The present Shin Bet chief and Israeli 
Army commanders are leaking word 
that they are very worried about the 
likelihood of a broad eruption of serious 
violence in the West Bank and Gaza 
Strip. 

It is not unusual for die-hard foes of 
peace to seize on a provocation such as 
the pig poster, as Ayatollah Mohammed 
Yazdi did in Tehran on Sunday when he 
said that, because of it, “Israel should 
be razed.” 

What is news is that Palestinians ap- 
pear unwilling to forgive the insult and 
are using it to fuel rage against Israel. 


On Tuesday, for the first time in a 
very long while, someone in a Pal- 


the Prophet of Islam — a show of con- 
trition, Israelis grumble, that is without 


parallel among Arab leaders when their 
newspapers publish crudely anti-Jewish 
cartoons. 

But of greater importance, Carmi Gil- 
lon, a former chief of the Shin Bet 
security service, wrote in Yedioih Ahro- 
noth, is the complete breakdown of 
political talks between Israelis and Pal- 
estinians, which places undue power 


estinian crowd here threw a homemade 
pipe bombat a knot of Israeli soldiers. In 
an anguished scene caught on video- 
tape, two Israeli soldiers fell screaming 
to the ground and left a thick trail of 
blood as medics carried them away. One 
of them, Lior Cohen, is in danger of 
losing a leg. 

By the next day. Major General Gabi 
Ofir, the Israeli commander in the West 
Bank, had placed snipers on Hebron 
rooftops and ordered them to shoot to 
kill if they spotted bomb-throwers. 

And on Thursday, resuming a tactic 
little used in recent years, disguised 
members of Israeli special forces units 
infiltrated a group of stone-throwing 
Arab youths — on the Palestinian-run 
side of Hebron — then drew weapons to 
make a series of violent arrests. 

One Palestinian youth, beaten un- 
conscious, was dragged over asphalt 
dotted with broken glass, in plain view 
of reporters. 

A sense of confrontation continued to 


build. The Israel Army sealed off 
Hebron, forbidding those outside the 
city to enter and youthful Palestinian 
residents went looking for fights armed 
with bottles, bricks and stones. Israeli 
troop responded with metal-cored rub- 
ber bullets, which are designed to stun 
but can kill at close range. 

At a makeshift hospital at a gas sta- 
tion here, a stream of wounded Pal- 
estinians began arriving just after 
noon. 

One young man, carried by his arms 
and legs, gushed blood from a forehead 
wound, his eyes closed to slits. 

“The Palestinian Authority is betting 
it can control the street,” said a Pal- 
estinian policeman, Eyad Hdeib. 

‘ 'Netanyahu is betting on foe iron fist. 
We are like chess pieces.” 

In Nablus, in the northern West Bank, 
foe radical Islamic Resistance Move- 
ment, or Hamas, drew thousands of 
demonstrators to a rally — ostensibly 
objecting to foe pig poster. 

The crowd called for new suicide 
bomb attacks on Israel and a banner at 
the demonstration declared: “We knock 
on heaven's door with foe skulls of 
Jews.” 

Sheikh Jamal Mansour, a senior 
Hamas leader in Nablus, said Sunday 
that his group’s “military” response to 
the poster would be harsher than foe 
series of suicide bombs in Israel last 
February and March that killed 63 
people, including the four Arab 
bombers. 

Those attacks, three by Hamas and 
one by the equally militant Islamic Ji- 
had, were declared to be revenge for 
Israel’s assassination of foe Hamas 
leader, Yehiya Ayyash. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

1 "Othello' villain 
5 Flat-topped hills 
io Colonel 

Mustard's game 

14 Eschew 

is Some of the 
Pennsylvania 
Dutch 

le Feed bag 
contents 
IT Filly's mother 

15 Tru/yf 
10 Takes 

advantaged 
ao Jalopy 
S3 Poker starter 

34 "Roses 

red...* 


25 Like a lot 
2a Fawn's mother 
si Necklace units 

39 Come about 
37 Department of 

Justice div. 

30 Tiny 

40 Autumn 1940 
aerial war 

44 Prior to, 
poetically 

45 Mao lung 

46 Tenor Caruso 

47 Council ol 
Trent. e.g. 

so Flower holder 
52 Spud 

sa Lawyer's thing 


55 Texas Western, 
today: Abbr. 

57 Mule. e.g. 

■3 Kind of purse 
54 Sidestep 
65 Norse Zaus 

67 Five-time 
Wimbledon 
champ. 1976-80 

68 Vintner Ernest 
or Julio 

ea Girl-watch or 
boy-watch 

70 Ball 

(arcade game) 

71 Church officer 

72 Marsh plant 


Solution to Puzzle of July 4 


HnmuniQaEiQta 
□amn □□□□sanucia 
Hnnn anaanssaan 
□aaasci anna tana 
mnasa hshei anaa 
□raanaanaa anaan 
□sa saas aaanao 
aaaaannaa 
□□Haas aaaa ana 
□□asa □□□□□□□□□ 
□□as anas naana 
ass assD aaaaaa 
□□smaaaaaa □□□□ 
□aaaaQanQQ naoa 
QBnaaaQaaa □□□□ 


1 Doctrine: Suffix 

2 Captain 
obsessed 

SMaven 

4 Like some 
diamonds, 
sizewise 

5 'Luncheon on 
the Grass* 
painter Edouard 

e Chewed the 
scenery 

t Fodder storage 

site 

8" 1 cared r 

s Yemen, once 
to Grand - - 
Dam 


ii Word before 
laugh or straw 
« Salt Lake City 
students 

13 Feminine suffix 

21 Ton 

22 Regalia Item 
25 French clerics 
28 Hon 

27 Time after lime 

28 Bid 

30 Retrocede 

32 Lie m store for 

33 Winter 
windshield 
setting 

34 Sir, in Seville 
36 What may be 
toflowed by 
improved 
service? 

38 Dander 

41 Buckeyes’ sch. 

42 The "I'm ICBM 

43 Cause of an 
unexpected fall 

48 Jellybean flavor 

49 - Plaines. ID. 
si Marriageable 

54 Old Wells Fargo 
transport 

55 Elizabeth I was 
the last one 

57 Library unit 
5» Dublin's land 
as Elliptical 

50 Quit, in poker 

51 Winning margin 



Puatebyfa*ganrE.PM 

©New York Times/ Edited by Will Shorts. 


62 Longest nver in 
the world 
es "60 Minutes* 
network 

85 TV’s and 
Stacey’ 


Europe’s judgmenL 

“I think he can 


Republic and Hungary. 

In urging Mr. Clinton to reconsider. 


“l think he can trust Europe,” he 
said. “The enlargement of NATO re- 
gards Europe essentially. For this rea- 
son we favor a balanced enlargement of 
NATO in the both the north and south of 
Europe. What is happening in Bosnia 
and Albania in terms of peacekeeping is 
proof of the responsibility of the Euro- 
peans in this region.” 

Asked to comment on recent crit- 
icism by Prime Minister Lionel Jospin 
of France of “American hegemony,” 
Mr. Prodi replied: “Americans spend 
more on NATO than all the European 
allies put together. Without America, 
NATO does not exist. ’ * But be stressed 
that “Europe cannot be denied its views 
on problems in its own region.” 

In foe wide-ranging interview, Mr. 
Prodi also made these other points: 

• The final decision by European Un- 
ion leaders next year on which nations 
will launc h the euro, foe EU’s proposed 
common currency, will be “an overall 
political decision rather than one linked 
strictly to decimal points.” 


• Data for foe first six monfosoH^ about wi 

sS^c^ndTtion of a budget sbgj as hfchfe 

deficit equal to 3 percent of ns gross 1 ■ 


domestic product. _ 

• He does not agree with Em opean 
opposition to Boeing Co. s plans to buy 
McDonnell Douglas Corp- 

Asked to comment on the difficulties 
faced by France and Germany in meet- 
ing the Maastricht Treaty’s deficit target 
of 3 percent, Mr. Prodi said he would not 
offer advice ro his partners. But he ad- 
ded, * 'There is a climate of nervousness 
throughout Europe that stems from the 
confusion between domestic politics in 
some countries anti the need for a co- 
ordinated Europe wide policy. 

When foe decision is made on who 
will join foe launch of the euro, he said, 
“We should have a strategy not dom- 
inated by mathematical rules and do- 
mestic politics but by medium- and 
long-term conversions. We should take 
an overall political decision rather than 
one linked strictly to decimal points. ^ 
Mr. Prodi said he had “no news 


percent of GDP. \ , 

*Mr. Prodi forecast that Europer 
ion finance minister* meeting m 
sels on Monday would endorse R 
deficit-cutting efforts. He ack 
edged that for Italy to sustain its 
rigor in 1998, it would be essent^ 
agree with trade unions and mans 
refor ming welfare-state spending. „ 

He added that Italians were mot 
favor of the single currency than r 
other Europeans. “My situation is 
ferent than those of ofoergovern" - 
in Europe, since I am backed 
percent of the Italians,’ he said. 

Asked to comment on the Eu 
Commission’s opposition to the 
ing- McDonnell Douglas deal, Mr., 
said he was in favor of foe merger. 

“It will be very difficult to stop 
he said, “and I like to be very pro 
about using European antitrust roles 
foreign companies.” 


fe; 


Mexico s m 
whose 

of the U.S.4 

tended to tft< 
icon go veJ ? 


m 


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during surge 
iSs was quou 
end in his he 
' The famil 
Power arm 
mobiles arrr 


Mexican attr 


SMOOTH AS SILK IS 827 FLIGHTS EVERY WEEK 
TO 37 DESTINATIONS IN ASIA. 




■.-"A .f .-. 1 . 1 ; 
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via E-mail. 


gpfervice for IHT readefe. 

IllllWhal is E-Funds? O.V ^ 

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THE WORLD'S I) \ll.> M-.WSPAPKK 












f 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. -MONDAY. JULY 7, 1997 

INTERNATIONAL 


PAGE 11 


nsioa Mexican Drug King Reported Dead 


| ^eemem bev een 
» go-ahead wi,,£ 
™ if both cou^ 

deficits ashigh ; 34 

ast that Europea* i„ 
ters meeting in C 
;ould endorse Ro, e '. 
forts. He acknwj. 
ly to sustain its t c -.i 
would be essenti al 
nions and industior 
estate spending. ' 

Italians were rooi 
e cnnency than n„ * 

My situation is n 

“ other govemmu, 

1 am backed byn, 
“ns. ’ he said 
aent on the Europ n 
■position to the B- 
ouglas deal. Mr. Pr<, 
or of the merger 
/difficult to stop i- 
ke to be very prud* 

■ean antitrust rules ■ 

5 .” 


By Molly Moore 
and John Ward Anderson 

. Washington Past Stnue 

MEXICO CITY — The leader of 
Mexico’s most powerful drug cartel, 
-whose vast criminal empire spans most 
of the U.S.-Mexican border and has ex- 
tended to the highest levels of the Mex- 
• ican government, has died of a heart 
.attack, his family said over the weekend, 
•but the authorities remained leery of the 
claim 

’’ > ■ Amado Carrillo Fuentes. who ceraen- 
ted the links between Colombian and 
Mexican drug cartels that allowed Mex- 
ican organizations to become the premi- 
( er narcotics traffickers in the hemi- 

S e, died Friday of a heart attack 
g surgery in Mexico City, his fam- 
ily was quoted as saying over die week- 
end in his home state, Sinaloa. 

The family announced the death as 
flower arrangements and luxury auto- 
mobiles arrived at the family compound 
in the village of Guamuchilito. The 
Mexican attorney general’s office said it 


had begun hearing unconfirmed reports 
of the death Friday night, but added. 
“This confirmation must wait until we 
have had access to the corpse and there 
has been a medical examination.” 
[Mexican officials said Sunday that 
they suspected the corpse to be that of 
Mr. Carrillo but needed to make further 
rests on the body to be certain. Reuters 
reported. 

[The attorney general's office said 
that because of extensive plastic surgery, 
investigators were not sure the body 
belonged to Mr. Carrillo. 

[The body was flown Saturday on a 
commercial airline to Sinaloa, the of- 
ficials said, and taken to a local funeral 
parlor, where ir lay untouched until the 
police arrived to investigate.] 

Law enforcement officials in Mexico 
and the United States expressed concern 
that the report of Mr. Carrillo's death 
could be a ploy to deflect mounting 
international pressure for his arrest. 

“There have been other cases where 
drug dealers have faked their deaths, so 
with all due respect to his mother and the 


family, we need some proof." slid 
Eduardo Valle, a former drug inves- 
tigator for the Mexican :ittumc\ gen- 
eral’s office who now resides m the 
United States. 

"Unless the body is viewed by 
someone outside of the family and out- 
side of Mexico, you can’t take this. to the 
bank.” said Phil Jordan, the former chief 
of the El Paso Intelligence Center, a 
multiagency U.S. drug unit. 

"You have to understand that Amado 
Carrillo Fuentes was the king of narco- 
politics in Mexico," he added. "With 
his vast power, he can dn anything he 
wants.” 

Earlier this year, Mexican authorities 
jailed the top anti-drug chief in the coun- 
try. alleging that he was on Mr. Car- 
rillo’s payroll and had allowed the 
Juarez cartel chief to slip repeatedly 
through the Mexican law enforcement 
net that was supposed to be trying to 
arrest him. Despite dozens of highly 
publicized raids, Mr. Carrillo had al- 
ways managed to disappear before the 
police arrived. 





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TAIPEI 

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23 7 G 

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departures 



KATHMANDU 

BALI 

HANOI 

TOKYO 

SHANGHAI 

PHNOM PENH 

BEIJING 

MANILA 

HO CHI MINH CITY 
DHAKA 
' °TA 


S. 00 
8. 25 
8. 40 
10. 15 
10. 30 
10. 30 
10. 30 
10. 45 

10. 55 

11. 00 
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11.10 
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n. 20 

n.35 

n. 40 


i ttlAl ( Al l 
BOARDING 
BOARDING 

CHI CK lii HOW 7 
cures Hi mi 6 
CHi-CK Ui ROY, 1 2 
(KICK IK ROVi 5 
CHECK IN ROY; 8 
CHECK IN ROY; 4 
CHCCK-iti ROW 1 
CHICK iU ROVi 3 
CHECK- IN ROY, 1 6 
CHECK Hi ROW 8 
CHECK- IHROV; 2 

CHrCK-iii ROW 5 
CHECR-iM ROW 7 




- In 1997, the 1HT will publish a series of Sponsored Sections in the Asia edition on: 

Fast Track ’97: 

Asia Business Outlook 

For the past two years, the “ Fast Track " series has been taking the pulse of the Asia-Pacific 
region and winning acclaim from readers and advertisers who feel it’s one of the best of the 
International Herald Tribune’s special section projects in Asia. 


■i SEPTEMBER: The Public Sector - Privatization is not a panacea for ail countries and all 
r : industries. A look at the most dynamic public-sector initiatives and at how they can 
successfully complement those of the private sector. 

■ NOVEMBER: Diversify or Divest? -To maximize growth, should Asian businesses focus 

• on their core businesses or branch out? A look at recent mergers, alliances, joint ventures, 

reorganizations and spin-offs. 

• For more information about advertising in any of these sections, please contact: 
Andrew Thomas, IHT Singapore. Tel (65) 223 64 78, Fax: (65) j 25 08 42 
or e-mail: supplements@ihLconL _ • • 




For Couture , Big Is Beautiful 

Versace’s Wink at the ’80s Reflects a Corporate Takeover Mood 


By Suzy Menkes 

bu. rt’jiiii’Ki! H t ruli! Tnhmr 

PARIS — With a single shoulder 
pad sculpted above the bare arms of a 
draped dress. Gianni Versace gave a 
witty fashion wink to the I980&T 

The Italian designer's hard-edged 
bravura shou. which kick-started the 
fall couture season, was filled with 
images of Wall Street's golden years: a 
padded leather suspender coiling like a 
cobra around one shoulder, sculpted 
pin-stripe tailoring, and dazzling gil- 
ded mesh mini dresses covered with 
Byzantine crones. 

Versace's flash -and-dash show, 
with its mixes of leather and drapery 
and touches of jupunisme . proved him 

PARIS FASHION 

the modern master of the Hollywood 
moment, i Demi Moore's children, sit- 
ting in ihe front row, stole the first 
show — and the star herself, in a brief 
pink Versace dress, led the celebrity 
lineup at the second.) 

Versace's take on the ’80s with a 
'90s spin reflects what is going on in 
the luxury worlJ. where corporate 
raid-., mergers, takeovers and asset 
stripping are back in fashion. 

The couture shows have opened 
against u backdrop of dramatic changes 
in i he high fashion world, which is still 
reeling at last month's news that even 
the mighty Karl Lagerfeld could not 
build his label into a successful busi- 
ness. 

Lagerfeld said Saturday that he felt 
■'liberated” after buying back his 
name (supposedly for next to nothing) 
from the Vendome luxury' group. 

The designer, who shows Chanel 
couture Thursday, said that he bad felt 
in his own house “like a mistress who 
was not desired” and that the group 
had failed to capitalize on him as a 
"fashion mercenary.” But whatever 
the reason for its flop, the Lagerfeld 
empire is over — apart from the art- 
and- artifacts store that he might open 
privately in Paris. 

As the century-old craft of couture 
faces the new millennium, the message 
is that — forgetting the stick-thin su- 
permodels — big is beautiful. 

Since Christian Lacroix was foun- 
ded in 19S7 (the house celebrates its 
10th birthday Thursday), couture has 
changed from a family to a corporate 
business. 

Significantly, too. Bernard Arnault, 
president of LVMH tMoer Hennessy- 



said Sunday that the house was open to 
possible investment. 

“I don't deny that I am having dis- 
cussions," he said. ”AJJ privately 
owned houses have to look for possible 
partnerships. For 25 years we were 
competing with other designers, but 
now it is with huge financial groups.” 

Gianfranco Ferre, Dior's former de- 
signer, also said last week in Milan that 
he was talking about a partnership, or at 
least close cooperation, with his man- 
ufacturer, the textile giant Marzotto. 


Even Versace is rethinking his big- 
spending strategy. In news that will 
send shivers down the spines of 


tancffladix, 

A draped dress with Japanese 
warrior shoulders by Versace at 
the Paris couture shows Sunday. 

Louis Vuition). the man who backed 
Lacroix and is the driving force behind 
French luxury labels, has revived his 
1 980s role as a corporate raider. 

While French gardeners are planting 
fantasy flower beds in the Bagatelle 
gardens fra- John Galliano's Dior show 
Tuesday, and while the Avenue Mon- 
taigne couture house is undergoing 
deep surgery by the American architect 
Peter Marino, Arnault is hoping to cre- 
ate the world's largest wine and spirits 
group by blocking the S20 billion mer- 
ger of the British Grand Metropolitan 
and Guinness groups and uniting their 
liquor brands with his own. 

Other straws in the wind for couture 
are that the beauty giant Clarins has 
taken a controlling interest in Thierry 
Mugler (just as tne Italian house of 
Ferragamo did last year with Ungaro); 
that Jean-Louis Scherrer has changed 
hands; and that Nina Ricci is laying off 
half its couture workers, who demon- 
strated outside Sunday's show. 

Of the internationally known Paris- 
based names on the couture calendar, 
only Chanel is still under private own- 
ership. And the Italian high-fashion 
scenario is similar. Gian carlo Giam- 
metti, Valentino’s business partner. 


magazine publishers, Santo Versace, 
the designer's business manager, said 
that the company was cutting back its 
$50 million annual advertising budget 
and would focus rather on retail in- 
vestment, especially for the company's 
cash cow, the $200 million jeans line. 

This is in order to pur the marbled 
and frescoed fashion house in order 
before a global stock offering in Italy, 
the United States and the Far EasL 

“It is difficult at this moment to 
invest more,” Gianni Versace says. 
“If we want to stay as we are we are 
healthy, but if we want to do other 
things, we have to be careful.” 

If Versace is cutting back, it was 
clearly not in the Atelier collection, 
where peach blossom embroidery and 
Asian calligraphy were embroidered 
on slinky orientalist satin gowns and 
skinny black leather dresses. 

The EasT-meets-West Japanese 
theme presented a problem, because 
John Galliano used the romance of toe 
Far East last season for his debut col- 
lection at Dior. But Versace made toe 
theme his own by fusing it with his owe 
tough glamour, just as he mixed leather 
bras with classical drapes and had toe 
Japanese warrior shoulder pads on 
show under soft dresses. 

As always with Versace, some of toe 
clothes were over the top and a few 
were noble failures, but his strength is 
that toe designer continues to exper- 
iment and posh himself in new di- 
rections while sticking to his signature 
style based on toe body beautiful. 

Nina Ricci's collection is at toe op- 
posite end of the couture scale: per- 
fectly executed in luxurious fabrics, 
but apparently frozen in an ideal of 
elegance that relates to the glory days 
of haute couture. 

Gerard Pipart showed only evening 
clothes. But they were grand gestures: 
coats trimmed with feathers, lined with 
panther or swishing with bows. 


A 3-Star 
Rating 
from 


U.S. Immigrant Law 
Makes Income a Key 
To Uniting Families 



“The international Herald 
Tribune serves up a daily 
straightforward menu of news 
and features with one of the 
widest varieties of international 
datelines online, as well as 
thoughtful dispatches " 

— Yahoo! Internet Life, May 1 997 
The guide to the best of the web. 



By Pamela Constable 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Cirilo 
Zavala, a 64-year-old immi- 
grant from El Salvador, 
hasn’t seen his wife, Angela, 
since he left their village in 
1989. Now a legal resident 
who cleans office buildings at 
night, he can under law bring 
his wife here to live through 
the sponsorship of his daugh- 
ter, a housekeeper who re- 
cently became a U.S. citizen. 

But chances are, it will 
never happen. 

Under a provision of the 
new immigration law due to 
take effect next month, all 
U.S. residents and citizens 
will be barred from sponsor- 
ing relatives to immigrate to 
the United States unless toe 
sponsors can prove their in- 
come is at least 25 percent 
higher than the federal 
poverty level — about 
$19,500 for a family of four. 

The law also requires that 
sponsors make a legally bind- 
ing commitment to support 
anyone they bring in until the 
immigrants have worked 10 
years or become citizens. 

If an immigrant is dis- 
covered using public benefits 
to which he is not entitled, the 
sponsor can be fined and 
prosecuted for repayment. 

The enforcement proce- 
dures result from revisions to 
welfare and immigration laws 
approved by Congress last 
year. They aim to reduce the 
number of immigrants who 
enter the country legally but 
without money or skills, and 
who are thus more likely to 
apply for public aide. 

According to the Federa- 


tion for American Immigra- 
tion Reform, a group that ad- 
vocates stricter controls on 
immigration, nearly 21 per- 
cent of all immigrants use 
some form of government aid, 
compared with 14 percent of 
American-born residents. 

“The purpose of these pro- 
visions is to protect toe Amer- 
ican taxpayer from freeload- 
ing relatives of immigrants," 
said Dan Stein, the group's 
executive director. 

But some immigrant advo- 
cate groups said the use of 
welfare by newcomers is 
much lower that 20 percent, 
and that toe new law discrim- 
inates against low-income 
families who seek to be re- 
united. 

“We believe this income 
requirement amounts to a 
backdoor way to limit all im- 
migration,” said Jeanne But- 
terfield, an official of toe 
American Immigration Law- 
yers Association. 

She and others are pushing 
for more flexibility, including 
a provision that would allow 
total household income, not 
just that of a single sponsor, to 
be considered in toe calcu- 
lations. 

Jeffrey Passel, a demo-' 
grapher with the Urban In- 
stitute, said his group calcu- 
lates that about 40 percent of 
immigrant families earn too 
little to meet the new require- 
ments. 

Federal immigration offi- 
cials said he new regulations 
to cany out toe law would be 
made public within three 
weeks and that groups on both 
sides of the debate would 
have one month to comment 
before they take effect. 


Do you uve in Austria, 
Belgium, Luxembourg 
or Sweden ? 


[SiiJM ci;Vii*T IfiTif « !• iJit-ll* . I i jfffTEW 


Austria 01891363830 
Belgium 0800 17538 (toll-free): 
Luxembourg 0800 2703 (toll-free) 
Sweden 020 797039 (toll-free).' 

-Df i k mrrauTWNU. mi ,i 

Jlcralo^^^nbime. 


THE WDflJJPS IMIUT NEWSAPBR 










































































































USD 


? LW aSe 

V- / '•’J'Srn. 

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BUSINESS/FINANCE 


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MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


iifei", Pro Sieben 

:5? j _ !c 

| 1 1 Going Public 
| If ?! : At Top Price 

ij ||v. : " 5 -7 'Broadcaster Will Be 
=* iSr'*^. First on German Bourse 


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-- ra; 


Retuers 

MUNICH — Pro Sieben AG, whose 
public offering was SO times oversub- 
scribed, is set Monday to become the 
First German television broadcaster to 
list its shares on the stock market. 

The price for the new preference 
s hares was set Saturday at 72 Deutsche 
marks ($41.14), but the shares have 
already been trading in the so-called 
gray market at nearly 120 DM, and Pro 
Sieben said only one in 10 bidders 
would receive any shares at alL 

The issoe price was at die top of the 
range announced last week at the end of 
a 10-day book-building period. 

The issue will raise 1.26 billion DM 
T for the company and increase its capital 
by 360 million DM, to more than 700 
million DM. 

The company will announce further 
details of the issue Monday. 

The issue is being managed by a 
banking consortium led by BHF-Bank 
AG, Bayerische Hypotbeken- & Wech- 
se 1-Bank AG and Salomon Brothers. 

A total of 850 million shares were 
ordered, though only 17.5 milli on will 
be sold on the market; 52^ percent of 
the issue will be placed with German 
individual investors. Thirty-three per- 
cent of the orders came from outside 
Germany. 

> Pro Sieben network’s market share in 
, June rose to 9.6 percent, up about half a 
£■■ J point, while its Kabei 1 network’s mar- 
feet share was steady at 4 percent. 

Because of the high degree of over- 
subscription, the company said a com- 
plex lottery would be used to fill the 
orders. Only one subscriber in 10 will 
receive any shares at all, it said, and 
even winners will get only a portion of 
the shares they ordered. 

The company is also restructuring its 
shareholder structure to make Thomas 
Kirch, son of the Bavarian media mogul 
Leo Kirch, its majority shareholder, 
with 6GL percent of the ordinary voting 
shares. 

The retail concern Rewe AG holds 

ProSieben’s cfief executive, Georg 
Kofler, has said the company plans to 
issue ordinary shares on the market be- 
fore 2000. 



Uneven 

Performance 


te 
m 

m 

aio inst wi ttst cr u rcy ftdi w mi mid «/e 

1980s and early 1990s. And they still do not sell in sufficient 

numbers to generate big profits. 

5,000 cars sold _ 



Source: Ferrari ’80 


Vjun kud<ibi> TV N.-* Vnt Tin 


Ferrari expects to earn $10 million in 1997 from licensing such products as golf chibs and accessories, five times what it made from cars in 1996. 

At Ferrari, Accessories Are the Moneymakers 


By Peter Passell 

New York Times Service 

MARANELLO, Italy — For 
dreamers the world over, Ferrari is a 
symbol of speed and guilt-free excess. 
For Luca <u Montezemolo. chief ex- 
ecutive of the exclusive auto maker 
here in the northern Italian industrial 
heartland, it is a business whose past 
glory does not guarantee survival. 

Plun gin g sales in the early 1990s 
proved that Ferrari could no longer 
rely on its image to persuade enough 
status seekers to part with $130,000 
and up — way up — for hard-to- 
handle sports cars in exotic red wrap- 
pers. Yet if any design or marketing 
changes undermined die mystique, it 
could drive customers into the hands 
of BMW,' Jaguar or Mercedes-Benz. 

“ We have to give people something 
unique,” explained Mr. di Monteze- 
molo. a former World Cup soccer team 
manager and public relations exec- 
utive hired in 1993 by Fiat Auto SpA, 
Ferrari ’s corporate parent, to stabilize 
the fortunes of its upscale subsidiary. 

• Top priority was better cars. Next 
was expansion in Asia to offset 


wealthy Europeans’ declining taste for 
conspicuous consumption. 

But Mr. di Montezemolo realized 
that Ferrari is as much style as sub- 
stance, as much a legend as it is a car 
company. 

To mm that insight into cash meant 
reconceiving Ferrari as a brand to be 
extended and exploited. Mr. di Mon- 
tezemolo is doing so with a vengeance, 
licensing luxury goods, sportswear, 
even toys with the familiar logo of a 
stallion unreined. And the strategy is 
working: The company, which was in 
the red from 1992 through 1994 and 
earned just $2 million last year on sales 
of $500 million, expects to net $10 
million in 1997 on licensing alone. 

. Ferrari earned its reputation in mo- 
tor racing. But “there was no black 
magic” to its success, explained Dav- 
id Davis, publisher of Automobile 
Magazine. f ‘Ferraris were always ro- 
bust cars,” he said, that could be relied 
on to stay the course and that were 
piloted by the best drivers of the era. 

While the Ferrari sports cars of the 
1970s and 1980s won only mixed re- 
views from the critics, the company 
enjoyed a windfall from the new frenzy 


for exotic cars as collectibles. Ferrari 
increased output from 2,3 66 cars in 
1983 to a peak of 4,487 in 1991. 

In 1990 a vintage Ferrari 250 GTO 
(one of 39 made from 1962 to 1964) 
sold at a Sotheby’s auction for $10 
million — the highest sum ever paid 
fora used car. 

But the company’s prosperity dur- 
ing what Michele Scannavini, man- 
ager of sales and marketing, calls “the 
crazy years,” evaporated with the col- 
lapse of the collectibles bubble and the 
recession. 

If Feiraris were no longer to be 
squirreled away in climate-controlled 
garages, Mr. di Montezemolo 
reasoned, perhaps they could be sold 
to be driven. In 1993 the company 
created the Ferrari Challenge, a series 
of amate ur races for Ferrari owners. 
And in 1994 the eight-cylinder F355 
(selling for a relatively moderate price 
of $127,000), the user-friendly model 
that now constitutes 70 percent of Fer- 
rari sales, made its debut. 

Other designs developed during Mr. 
di Montezemolo’s tenure reinforced 
the marketing realignment. 

Ferrari’ s marketing gurus are even 


working on a way to eke advantage 
from the company’s greatest liability 
— its dependence on high-cost hand 
assembly. Clients will soon be able to 
factory -customize die interiors of the 
cars they order, much the way they 
choose wallpaper for their powder 
rooms. 

Add to this brew a new thrust in 
emerging markets where. Mr. Scan- 
navini said, ‘ ‘showing off your wealth 
is still acceptable.” In 1993 Ferrari 
sold just 8 percent of its output in Asia. 
Last year one out of five cars from its 
3 363 production run went to Taiwan, 
Malaysia, Japan. Singapore and 
C hina, more than making up for tepid 
sales in Europe. 

The startling change in marketing, 
though, is the foray into licensing. 
Authorizing Girard-Perregaux to sell 
Ferrari watches or Asprey of Bond 
Street to offer Ferrari baubles at 
$5,000 a pop seems a natural. But the 
company is also licensing Ferrari 
shirts, caps and jackets sold through 
mass retailers. 

Last, Shell gasoline stations will 
soon be selling models of Ferrari For- 
mula One cars. 


PAGE 13 


Germany 
Will Fund 

Eurofighter 

Waigel Asserts Budget 
Will Include Project 

Bloomberg News 

AUGSBURG, Germany — Finance 
Minister Theo Waigel of Germany says 
that the 1998 budget will include fund- 
ing for the Eurofighter jet, the strongest 
assurance yet that the four-nation proj- 
ect will finally get off the ground 
“The Eurofighter is in the 1998 
budget,” as well as in provisional fi- 
nancial p lans for die next several years, 
he said Saturday at a meeting of his 
Christian Social Union party. “I am 
sure that it will be built 
Germany has been snuggling to find 
ways to finance the $60 billion project 
before the legislature's summer recess, 
amid threats from Daimler-Benz Aero- 
space AG and its subcontractors to quit 
the project because they can no longer 
afford the pre-production costs. 

The cabinet will debate the budget 
next Friday. Production of the Euro- 
fighter has been delayed by Germany's 
financial problems, brought on by ef- 
forts to cut spending to qualify for 
Europe’s single currency. 

Mr. Waigel also reiterated that Ger- 
many would meet die 3 percent budget 
deficit target to qualify for European 
economic and monetary union even 
though government borrowing in 1997 
will exceed previous forecasts. 

Mr. Waigel said Friday that German 
government borrowing would be 
“about” 70 billion Deutsche marks 
($40 billion) in 1997 instead of the 53.3 
billion DM previously budgeted. 

He did not say bow the government 
would succeed in financing the Euro- 
fighter project. The government has 
been in negotiations with Deutsche 
Aerospace about using up to 1 billion 
DM in credits from Europe’s Airbus 
Industrie to help pay for the 180 
Eurofighter jets, which will replace the 
country's aging Phantom aircraft 
He said the project, which is being 
developed by Daimler-Benz Aerospace, 
British Aerospace PLC. Alenia of Italy 
and Casa of Spain is “urgently needed’ ' 
for Germany^ defense. 

The three other nations in the project, 
meantime, have been eager to get the 
program under way. The project is also 
expected to help secure some 18,000 
German jobs directly and indirectly. 


In Tbilisi, It’s Betsy’s Place: An Isle of Elegance Amid Byzantine Chaos 




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By Ales sandra Stanley 

New York Tunes Service 

TBILISI, Georgia — In 
Casablanca, everybody went 
to Rick’s. In Tbilisi, they go 
to Betsy’s Place. 

On a narrow, steep and 
crumbling side street of the 
once raffish and now mostly 
ravaged capital of 
Georgia, there is a 
small hotel. .Diplo- 
mats, World Bank 
analysts and con- 
sultants stay there. 
Prominent ; locals 
and visiting jet-set- 
tei j drop in for (fin- 
ite . In June, Sbahpari 
K ashoggi, the wife of Adnaa 
K iashoggi, the Saudi -finan- 
ci 3 * andformer arms trader, 
h d dinner there with die 
o raer, daintily sampling 10- 
b o and satsivi by candlelight 
c i the rooftop terrace. • 

Die proprietor of the el- 

< jam Betsy’s Place is in her 
(Era way as improbable an 

< ^patriate as the one played 
' y Humphrey Bogart Betsy 
: actually Elizabeth Haskell, 
n exquisitely dressed, im- 
eccably coiffed former Bal- 
imore debutante m her fam 
iOs who on most days lodes 



as if she had just stepped out 
of a garden-club meeting in 
the Georgetown district of 
Washington. 

“I wanted to call the hotel 
*21,' as in its address. 21 Go- 
gibashvili, you know, like 
jLV in New York,” she said 
in brisk, upper-class tones. 
“Bur people kept calling it 
^Betsy’s Place,’ and 
I figured 1 had better 
. register before 
somebody stole the 
name.” 

The stay behind 
#1 Betsy’s Place could 
*9- not be more differ- 
ent from the found- 
ing of *‘21 ” in New York. In 
1994, Tbilisi, not yet re- 
covered from civil war with 
neighboring Abkhazia, was in 
die throes of a violent power 
struggle between rival private 
armies. It was under curfew, 
with no heat, running water or 
electricity and with gunfire 
echoing through the night 
That summer, Kalash- 
nikov-toting paramilitary 
men loyal to Jaba Ioseliani, a 
charismatic bandit-rebel who 
is now in jaiL took over the 
lobby of the Metechi Palace, a 
huge luxury hotel built by an 
Austrian chain in 1989. Com- 


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Elizabeth Haskell in her elegant, small hotel in Tbilisi. 


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batants bad a habit of spray- 
ing die lobby with bullets, 
leading die U.S. Embassy to 
decide it would be imprudent 
to continue putting up its vis- 
iting officials and humanit- 
arian aid workers there. 

“The embassy asked me if 
1 could find someplace else,’ ’ 
Ms. Haskell, who was then 
running her own real-estate 
company here, recalled. “1 


J 


had this wonderful house for 
rent, with bathrooms on every 
floor, so I said yes.” Three 
weeks later, she opened for 
business. 

Peace has been restored 
under President Eduard 
Shevardnadze. Prosperity, 
however, remains elusive. 
Foreign investors are not yet 
flocking in droves, and the 
occupancy rate of the $300-a- 


nigbl Metechi Palace hovers 
at 20 percent 

The 13 rooms and two 
suites that make up Betsy’s 
Place are booked months in 
advance and cost $100 to 
$130 a night Guests are 
greeted by cool stone and 
gleaming hardwood floors, 
plush Oriental carpets, an- 
tique furniture and fresh 
flowers. 

Ms. Haskell installed a die- 
sel-fueled furnace to provide 
heat and hot water for 
showers — one of the few 
houses in Tbilisi with such a 
luxury. She has a generator — 
and candles — to deal with 
die frequent power failures. 
Telephone service in Tbilisi 
remains erratic, and guests 
cannot make trans-Atlantic 
calls from their rooms. Ms. 
Haskell is arranging to 
provide all guests with rented 
cellular phones. 

She said she still had to 
ship in most supplies from 
Turkey, even cleaning 
products, sheets, towels and 
glassware. “The cost of busi- 
ness is high because 
everything is imported,” she 
said. “It’s like living on Nan- 
tucket.” 

With Georgian and foreign 


Net Addresses: A Monopoly? 


By Rajiv Ghandrasekaran 

Washington Post Service 


flzritaw Atttbot BaoQue da Ftuntw (Parish Bank of To&O-MitSUbisDI IT 


W ASHINGTON — The U.S. 

Justice Department has begun 
investigating whether the pro- 
cess of assigning Internet ad- 
dresses in die United States, a process almost 
entirely controlled by Network Solutions Inc., 
violates antitrust laws. 

Network Solutions received a request June 
27 for documents and information relating to 
its Internet address registration business from 
the Justice Department’s antitrust division, 
according to a document die company filed 
last week with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission. 

The Justice Department also is seeking 
information from Science Applications In- 
ternational Coip., Network Solutions’ parent 
company, die document said. 

The request is a standard preliminary step 
in antitrust investigations. But die govern- 
ment has rarely looked into the governing 
processes of the Internet, the global computer 
network that has become a vital commu- 
nications medium for millions of individuals 


backers, she has also opened a 
swanky private business club, 
die Transcaucasian, in a 
stalely mansion belonging to 
the composers’ union. Wor- 
ried that hotel guests will 
weary of the local fare of egg- 


plant, tomatoes and cucum- 
ber, she is also starting her 
own farm to grow peas and 
asparagus for her restaurant. 
“You can get bored with die 
food,” she said with a small 
sigh. “There isn't much vari- 


ety.” Ms. Haskell, a former 
labor organizer who is di- 
vorced and was widowed 
twice, has led a varied life, but 
she had never run her own 

See PLACE, Page 15 


and businesses worldwide. Network Solu- 

some of the IntcraS^nwst widely used “do- 
mains,” or addresses, specifically those that 
end in “.com," “.edu," “met” or “.org.” 
Critics have complained that Network Solu- 
tions, which charges $100 to assign a do m a in , 
has an unfair monopoly that has led to a high 
registration price and poor service. 

The registered domains serve as a sort of 
postal code for the Internet, allowing users to 
send electronic mail and locate pages on the 
World Wide Web. 

Gabriel Battista, chief executive of Net- 
work Solutions, said the company intended to 
fulfill the request “We’ve received the no- 
tification and we will comply with whatever 
they ask for,” Mr. Battista said. 

Network Solutions also notified the SEC 
Thursday, in the same document that dis- 
closed the antitrust investigation, that it was 
planning a stock offering that could be worth 
as much as $35 million. 

In the document. Network Solutions said it 
could not predict whether a civil action would 

See NET, Page 15 



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Martin*! 





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PAGE 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7. 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Contrarian Fund Manager Forecasts Smooth Sailing for U.S. Bonds 


By Timothy Middleton 

.Vfw Yurt Times Sen ice 

NEW YORK — Most bond-market 
strategists have been worried about 
higher interest rates this year. But not 
William Gross, manager of some of the 
fixed-income industry's best-perform- 
ing and most consistent portfolios. 

“I think the next move by Greenspan 
and company will be down as opposed to 
up,” said Mr. Gross, the strategist in 
charge of fixed income for Pacific In- 
vestment Management Co., known as 
Pimco. of Newport Beach, Califoraia. 
"This probably will not occur until we 
are well toward die end of the year, or 
maybe early in 1998, but we could wind 


up the year at 6 percent on the long-term bond fund — the bellwether portfolio — the 3. 1 percent return of the Lehman tion was surging, as it was in dw * H^is anoSiet^way’ to plump up a port- 

U.S. Treasury bond." rose 4.27 percent, delivering nearly a Brothers Aggregate Bond index. and when it was ebbing, as it was uum Mr. Gross said the higher 


rose 4.27 percent, delivering nearly a Brothers Aggregate Bond index. 


and when it was 


folio’s returns. Mr. Gross : 


If he is right about the plans of the year’s worth of returns in only three Two funds that Pimco manages for 1981 through 1994. . f jun j. ^ emerging-markets - 

Federal Reserve Board and its chairman, months. other firms, Fremont Bond and Harbor When interest rates are either nsLngw yusun J . he sai( j were running at 

Alan Greenspan, a decline from the cur- Mr. Gross has been betting on lower Bond, also beat the index. The Pimco failing, the resulting change m oona ^ ri rceQt t0 9,5 percent — made them 
rent level of around 6.75 percent would interest rates since they spiked up in funds have five stars, the top ranking for prices is the principal risk in bond in- e^pc* t' Q f ^ in- 

have implications for equity investors. 1994, during the last round of Fed tight- risk-adjusted performance, from Morn- vesting. When interest rates are relatively anracu 

Mr. Gross, who oversees $92 billion of ening. Earlier this year, when the Fed ingstar Inc., the fund researchers in Chica- stable, die higher yields paid by long-term ^ pjmco about a 5 percent 

fixed-income assets, or 84 percent of nudged rates up, his optimism backfired go, and the other two have four stars. bonds more than compensate investors weu ^ markets." Mr. 

Pimco’sS 1 10 billion total, has been called for shareholders of the several bond “I think it's hard to talk about fixed- for the added risk of owning them. position e & 

“the Peter Lynch of bonds” by New- funds he manages. But the first quarter's income managers wirhout his name be- “The art ofbond management is taking Gross s£ua- he expected interest 

. i»Trtn>nA> m fnrm»r was more than erased hv a ina the first one mentioned " Mart the. nonmnriate risks at the rififat time, Mr. ..CtT' i ... 


Mr. Gross, who oversees $92 billion of ening. Earlier this year, when the Fed 
fixed-income assets, or 84 percent of nudged rates up, his optimism backfired 
Pimco’sS 110 billion total, has been called for shareholders of the several bond 
“the Peter Lynch of bonds” by New- funds he manages. But the first quarter’s 
sweek magazine, a reference to the former weakness was more than erased by a 
manager of the Fidelity Magellan fund. ' rally in the second period, when the Fed 
Mr. Gross has been bullish on the bond declined to raise rates further — as it did 


market all year, but that hurt in the first 
quarter, when bond prices were down. It 
paid off in the second quarter, however, 
when the average long-term government 


again Wednesday. 

Over the first half, Pimco Low Dur- 
ation rose 4 percent and Pimco Total 
Return gained 3.65 percent, surpassing 


go, and the other two have four stars. 

“I think it's hard to talk about fixed- 
income managers wirhout his name be- 
ing the first one mentioned.” Mark 
Wright, senior analyst at Momingstar. 
said of Mr. Gross. “Pimco's developed 
one of the best track records in the in- 
dustry. consistently and over a long peri- 
od of lime." 


stable, the higher yields paid by long-term 
bonds more than compensate investors 
for the added risk of owning them. 

“The art of bond management is taking 
the appropriate risks at the right rime," 
Mr. Gross-said, adding that in the current 
environment, “one of the best ways to 


Most Active international Bends 


The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing July 4. Prices supplied by Tafekurs. 

Rnk Nome Cpn Maturity Price YieM 


Argentine Peso 


199 Brazil S.L FRN 
306 Canada 
210 Ecuador FRN 

212 Brilish Gas 

213 Bulgaria 

22a Mexico □ FRN 


fiftj 04/15/12 33.6064 8JW00 
AU 08/2806 101.9232 6-6200 
3ti 02/23/15 72.9485 -U600 
zero 11/0471 16* 7.6100 

2V< 07/20/12 57.8299 34900 
6 «V» 12/28/19 93.0000 7.3300 


221 Rashid Hussain lft W/3007 90-2500 1.53O0 

224 ElB 71* 09/18/06 104.1250 6-8400 

22B Mexico C FRN 6.820312/31/19 93J883 7/2600 

231 British Columbia m O6/H07 102.7500 6.9300 

232 Carmen FRN 5.726601/29/01 99-5800 5.7500 

23J Boyer L-fur 4 At 06/7002 101.1250 6-6700 

237 Venezuela par B 6*» 0V31/20 81.1B75 8.3100 

240 Venezuela FRN 6 *j 03/18/07 93.3125 7.2300 

242 Femes 9 06/01/07 1012500 8.7200 

245 Italy 7 09/18/01 1023535 68400 

247 Gvt Jamaica 9ft 07/02/02 101.0000 9.5300 

249 GfeneogJes FRN6.123906/1 7/12 99.0500 6.1900 

250 Samsung Elec zero 12/31/07 9B.OOOO 0.1900 

Austrian Schilling 


174 Austria 
2-16 Austria 


7 02/1400 707.1500 6 -5300 
4ft 05/2402 100.0500 4.6200 


Belgian Franc 

156 Belgium 9 


03/28/03 120-2300 7.4900 


British Pound 


155 World Bank 
230 Fannie MaeW8 
248 World Bank 


Zero 07/17/00 80.1250 7.5600 
6ft 0407/02 98-5000 6.9800 
6.100003/17/00 97.7500 6-2400 


Canadian Dollar 


Danish Krone 

3 Denmark 
10 Denmark 
23 Denmark 
26 Denmark 
29 Denmark 
40 Denmark 

49 Denmark 

50 Denmark 

52 Nykredlt 3 Cs 
60 Denmark 
64 Denmark 
75 Denmark 
86 Peal Kredit 
101 Nykredii Bank 
105 Denmark 
109 Denmark 
146 Nykredlt 
192 Denmark 
2l9Realkredil Dan 


09/01X71 105.5800 6.6300 


03/15/06 173-20 7.0700 

11/1507 105.7100 6.6200 
I1/1S/01 1 12.5200 7.1100 
12/15/04 107.6100 6^000 
05/1503 1 1 3-5500 7.0500 
11/10/24 99-4800 7.0400 
11/15/M 113.9400 7.9000 
11/15/02 104.7800 5.7300 
10/01/26 913800 6J700 
12/10/99 104.0500 5.7700 
11/15/98 106-6300 8.4400 
02/1^8 101.8800 6.8700 
10/01/26 91.7000 6-5400 
10/01/26 98.4800 7.1100 
02/15/99 1034500 5-8000 
08/15/97 1003200 6.9800 
10/01/29 95.9500 73000 
02/15/00 998900 4.0000 
10/01/26 98.7000 7.0900 


Rnk Name Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

54 Germany W* 05/21,-01 114.3407 73200 

55 Germany S 7 s 05.-15,130 105.2700 53800 

56 Germany 7te 11/1104 113.3120 6^200 

57 Germany Sir 11/2T/D0 103.2600 4.9600 

58 Germany B4i 08/20/01 1163150 73300 

62 Germany Bft 08/21.00 112.9200 73300 

63 Germany 6V 09/15/99 1063600 63300 

66 Treuhand 7*a 01. 29/03 110.8733 6.4300 

67 Germany 6ft 05,70,-99 104.5613 5.8600 

68 Germany BV 07,20/00 113.4100 7.7200 

69 Germany 3"^ 09/1808 100.3388 3-4900 

70Treuhand 6 11.12X13 105.1480 5.7100 

73 Germany 6 09/15/03 105.5850 S.6BO0 

74 Treuhand 5 01/14,99 1023500 43900 

B0 Treuhand 6ft 07/01 ,*99 105.3500 6.0500 

82 Germany 64* 07 1 5/04 108.9700 6.1900 

S3 Germany 7 01 .IPO 107.7025 63000 

85 Germany 7ft 12-20/02 110.9600 63200 

89 Germany 5V 05/2^99 104.0300 53300 

90 Germany 6 0220/98 101.7200 5.9000 

97 Germany 5 1 -- 0227/07 703 3900 5.0700 

92 Germany 6 06,20/16 97.0900 6.1800 

94 Treuhand 6ft 03,26/98 102.0900 6.0000 

95 Germany 6*. 04,22/03 109.1200 6.1900 

98 Germany 5»- 08/20/98 102.7200 53000 

99 Germany fift 12/02/98 104.7300 6 3600 

103 Germany 4ft 05/20*98 102.7400 6.2000 

104 Treuhand 5ft 09/2408 102.7200 5.4800 

108 Germany 3'? 1218/VP 100.2584 3.4900 

111 Treuhand 6ft 03/04/04 1063225 5.8800 

172 Treuhand 5 72/17/98 7 0Z2500 4.8900 

113 Germany 6'i 0200/98 101.8600 6.1400 

11 5 Germany 5ft 02/22/99 103.0400 5.2200 

116 Germany 8*- 05/22/00 112.9400 7.7500 

11 9 Germany 7ft 1Q/2Q/97 101.2200 7.41 DO 

122 Germany 7 12/22/97 101.7200 6.0800 

724 Germany 7ft 1«fll 02 111.1906 63200 

127 Germany 6ft 01/ 70/98 101.8200 63100 

132 Germany 6ft 0102/99 104^000 63300 

7-44 Germany 7'« 01/20/00 108.3067 6.6900 

152 Treuhand 6'= 07,29/99 1053400 5.9400 

157 Germany 6ft 0274/99 105.3300 63300 

159 Germany 5ft 10,7008 102^100 5.1300 

166 Germany 8ft 07,27/97 1003000 8 3300 

179 Treuhand 6ft 06,25/98 102.7900 5.9600 

191 Treuhand 7 IT/25'99 7 07.4400 6J200 

197 Germany 6ft 06,21 !Y> 1 05.9900 6.3700 

211 Treuhand 5ft 04,29/99 103.9100 53300 

222 Germany 7ft 02/21/00 1 09.6900 7.0700 

225 Germany 7’.* 10/20/97 101.1500 7.1700 

226 Germany 8 0^/22/97 100.9733 7.9200 


Rnk Name 


Cpn Maturity Price Yield 


French Franc 


125FronceOAT 
153 France OAT 
165 France OAT 
209 Italy 


Italian Lira 

135 Italy 
187 Italy 
233 Brazil 
239 Italy 


Japanese Yen 


ISO Sib Cayman C. 
160 World Bank 
184 World Bank 
238 Argentina 
244 World Bank 


Swedish Krona 


96 Sweden 
120 Sweden 
7 77 Sweden 1036 
202 Sweden 1037 
276 Sweden 
218 Sweden 
236 Sweden 

Swiss Franc 


Dutch Guilder 


43 Netherlands 
65 Netherlands 
84 Netherlands 
87 Netherlands 
106Nelherfand5 
114 Netherlands 
118 Netherlands 
128 Netherlands 
133 Netherlands 
137 Netherlands 
158 Netherlands 
168 Netherlands 


6ft 07/15/98 1018000 6.0800 
5 Vi 02/15/07 101.9000 5.6400 
9 01/1 5/07 775-40 7.8000 

9*7 03/15/07 1143 0 7.4400 

514 01,15/04 103.9000 S3300 
716 01,15/23 115.0500 6 3200 
Bft 0415.-02 115.90 7.1200 

S'-: 04/01/06 121.4500 7.0000 
6*7 04/15/03 1003000 40100 
6 01,15/06 104.1500 5.7600 
7ft 03-01 ,05 115'* 6.7100 

«'• 4 02/15/02 1151- 7.J600 


205 Cap One FRN 1367504/30/02 1003063 1-4600 

U.S. Dollar 

6 Brazil Cap S.L 4Vj 04/15/14 92.8243 4.8500 

8 Argentina par L 5ft 03/31/23 71.1389 7.7300 

14 Russia 10 Q&26/87 100.9573 9.9100 

75 Argentina FRN 6tt 03/29/05 91.7947 73500 

25 Venezuela FRN 6V, 12/18/07 916323 73100 


28 Brazil FRN 
31 Brazil par Zl 
33 Brazil 
35 Argentina 
37 Mexico 
39 Brazil L FRN 


6<V« 01/01/01 98.6938 6.9000 
5tt 04/15/24 69.4129 7.5600 
10ft 05/15/27 97.9175 103400 
775-1 01/30/17 112.9213 1041700 
Ill's 05/15/26 117,7951 9.7600 
67k 04/15/06 90.4691 7-6000 


170 Netherlands SP zero 01/15/23 18ft &.8B00 
173 Netherlands 5V 09,15/02 104.8500 5^800 


Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany S 08/20/01 1023351 4.8800 

2 Germany 6 07/04/07 702-5800 5.8500 

4 Germany 6*4 04/24/06 104.7333 5.9700 

5 Germany 6 01/04/07 102.3200 5.B600 

7 Germany 8 01/21/02 113.9600 7.0200 

9 Germany 3ft 03/1909 100.4900 3.7300 

11 Germany 3tt 06/18/99 99.9400 33000 

12 Germany 8 07/22/02 1133494 7.0600 

13 Bundesab ligation Hi 02/22/02 99.9400 43000 

16 Germany 61k 05/12/05 1093467 63900 

17 Germany 4ft 71,70/01 1013920 4.6800 

18 Germany 6ft 10/14/05 1043097 63200 

19 Germany 6 01/05/06 1033050 53100 

20 Germany 7ft 01 /03/05 1123700 63600 

21 Germany 5 05/21/01 1023575 4.B60Q 

22 Germany 6ft 07/04/24 973029 6.4200 

24 Treuhand 7ft 09/09/04 173.1600 6.6300 

27 Germany Bft 02/20/01 114.7400 7.4500 

30 Treuhand 6ft 0V7 1/03 109.6900 6 3700 

32 Germany 9 1820/00 1143500 73400 

34 Germany 6 02/] 6/06 1033300 53100 

36 Treuhand 7** 12/02/02 112.0900 63800 

38 Germany 5V. 08/22/00 105.0600 5.4700 

41 Treuhand 6fe 05/1 3M4 1083450 63000 

42 Treuhand TV 10/01X12 1133567 6.8200 

44 Treuhand 64k 07/09/03 108.3800 6.1100 

45 Germany Bft 12/20/00 114.9700 7.7200 

46 Germany 8ft 09/20/01 114.4733 73100 

47 Treuhand 6V, 04/2303 105.1837 6.1800 

48 Germany 6ft 03-151/00 106.7150 6.0900 

57 Germany 6ft 07/1503 107.0200 6.0300 

53 Germany 9 01/2201 115.6406 7.7800 


180 Netherlands 
190 Netherlands 

194 Netherlands 

195 Netherlands 
796 Netherlands 
201 Netherlands 

203 Netherlands 

204 Netherlands 

207 Netherlands 

208 Netherlands 
223 Netherlands 
229 Netherlands 
234 Netherlands 


72 France OAT 
121 Britain 
731 France OAT 

135 France OAT 

136 France OAT 
139 France OAT 
145 Britain T-bills 
787 France OAT 
7B8 France OAT 
200 France OAT 
214 France B.TA.N. 
227 France BTAN 
241 France OAT 


7 06/1505 110.8500 6.3100 
8ft 02/1500 110.6500 7-1600 
8L 0501/00 172.6000 7.7700 
6ft 11.1505 109.1200 6.1900 
7V, 06/1S/99 107.1700 7.0000 
9 0701/00 113.90 7.9000 

7 03.15/99 1053000 6.6400 
7ft mi/Va 172*? 6.4400 
Bft 031507 7203500 6.8600 
7ft 04.15,10 115.6000 6.4900 
6V. 02/15/99 104.8500 6.4400 
B-ft 09,1501 116.40 7-5200 

7ft 11,1 5-99 1083000 6.9300 


5ft 04/2507 96.6367 5.6900 

9 k 02/2101 116.1500 7.8600 

6 04/2504 102.9700 5.8300 

9'? 04/25.-00 113 8.4100 

7 04.-25/D6 108.4500 6.4500 

8'-: 0X75,02 114.40 7.4300 

zero 12/11/77 983o44 4.0500 
6ft 04/25.02 107.3400 6.2900 

10 023601 117.4300 83200 

8ft 04/25/22 122.1633 6.7500 
6 0X1601 104.7300 5.7300 

5 0X1 &99 1 01.4500 4.9300 

71? 04.2505 111.3400 6.7400 


S9 Venezuela par A 6* 03/31/20 81.0022 8.3300 
61 Mexico FRN 7054706/27/02 99.8000 70700 
71 Brazil S3J FRN 67k 04/15/24 82.6074 83200 

76 Mexico FRN 71k 080607 100.1500 7.8600 

77 Brazil S.L FRN 6>V» 04/15/12 83.1225 83500 

78 Mexico par A 6ft 12/31/19 793654 73400 

79 Ecuador FRN 3*4 02/2815 67.4177 43200 

81 Bulgaria FRN 6U 07/28/11 74.6055 83000 

88 Ecuador par 3*6 02/28/25 50.1779 4.9800 

93IADB 64k 06/2702 99.8388 63900 

97 Bulgaria FRN 6»* 07/28/24 753013 8.6900 
100 Arg Bontes Bft 050902 1004490 8.7100 


Ecuador par 
93IADB 
97 Bulgaria FRN 
lOOArg Bontes 
102 Mexico pars 
107 Csn Iran 5a 
110 Argentina FRN 
117 Vat aval Ovs 
123Bco Com Ext. 
126Po*and Inter 
129CCCI FRN 
134 Mexico 
138 Italy FRN 


6** 12/31/19 79.0868 7.9000 
91k 060107 97.7114 93400 
67k 03/31/23 87.3750 7.8700 
8 Vl 06/2705 100.0000 83000 
7U 020204 933000 7.7500 
4 10/27/1 4 863714 4.6000 

5331306*2704 99.6900 53500 
97k 01/1507 1063000 9J200 
5.718805/1202 993200 5.7300 


Finnish Markka 

172 Finland Sertals 7 1 * 
182 Finland °'-: 

18? Rnland sr 1999 11 


04.18,36 108.7344 6.6700 
0X15.34 121.4146 7.8200 
01,15/99 110.6177 V.9400 


140 Argentina FRN 5.7109040101 1293000 43900 

141 Mexico 1Ut 09/15/16 TT4W 9-9600 

142 Mexico B FRN 6335912/37/79 953462 7.1500 
143Bayerische LB 6*k 06/2507 1003750 63000 
147 Lloyds Bank 6 06-16/98 99.1789 6.0500 

149 CADES FRN 5*k 12/1001 99.6000 5.6500 

157 MexIcoA FRN 6367272/31/19 93.8438 73200 
Id? Abbey Natl TS 6>* 060000 99.8750 63400 

162 Russia 9*4 11/2701 102.1170 9.0600 

163 Morg Guar Trust 060004 100.0000 6.4300 

164 Italy 6'k 09/27/23 96.1250 7.1500 

167 Panama FRN 4 07/17/16 89.1250 4.4900 

171IADB 6*k 030707 100.6250 63800 

175 Poland FRN 6’V» 10/27/24 983085 7.0600 
776 Brazil Cbond S.L 4*6 04/15/14 93.4879 43100 
17BASSC N.AmSub 67k 060002 1003250 63300 
183 Ecuador FRN 67i* 02/28/25 74.6869 8.6200 
186 Argenttno FRN 5.7709090102 1183000 43300 
193 Brazil S.L FRN 6^ 04/150 9 87.8750 7.8900 


The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar. July 7-11 

A icneoWe a! flits ws* 'S economic and financial events, ccmpi'ea ler the Interns!, cm t Here J Tnbune Sy Btccmtterg Business Atew s 


Asia-Pacific Europe 

Expected Manila: Chamber of Mines of the Basel, Switzerland: Central bank 
This Week Philippines and the Department of governors of the Bank of Intema- 
Environment and Natural Re- tional Settlements meet. Saturday 
sources sponsor “Mining Philip- to Wednesday, 

pines 97" conference. From Thurs- Madrid: Meeting of the North At- 
day to Saturday. lantic Treaty Organization, countries 

meet to discuss new members. 
Tuesday and Wednesday. 

Seoul: Bank of Korea announces Brussels: European Union finance 
its economic outlook for the second ministers hold monthly meeting. 
half ol the year government opens Frankfurt Pro Sieben Media AG’s 
index-options market. shares begin trading on Frankfurt 

Sydney: National Australia Bank Stock Exchange. 

Ltd. releases its National Business London: Industrial production flg- 
Survey. uresforMay. 

Sydney: Center For independent Vienna: Bundesfinanzierungsagen- 

Studies releases its “State of the tur sells 1 5 billion schillings (Si .22 
Nation" report. billion) in 30-year bonds. 

Tokyo: Kokusai Securities Co. re- Frankfurt: June unemployment fig- 

leases forecast on the economy in ures. 

1997 and 1998. Earnings expected: General Elec- 

tric Co. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases bal- Copenhagen: April currant account 
ance of payments for May and re- and trade balance, 

gional balance of payments for Paris: Insee releases June house- 
1 996; Ministry of Finance releases hold confidence survey, 
data for domestic and overseas se- Paris: Credit Lyonnais issues report 
curities investments in May. on French economic context in 

1997 and 1998. 

Tokyo: Okasan Economic Re- London: Bank of England holds 
search Institute Co. releases its fore- Monetary Policy Committee meeting. 


Monday Seoul: Bank of Korea announces 
July 7 ■ its economic outlook lor the second 

half ol the year government opens 
index-options market. 

Sydney: National Australia Bank 
Ltd. releases its National Business 
Survey. 

Tuesday Sydney: Center For independent 
July 8 Studies releases its “State of the 
Nation" report. 

Tokyo: Kokusai Securities Co. re- 
leases forecast on the economy in 
1997 and 1998. 


Wednesday Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases bai- 
July 9 ance ol payments for May and re- 
gional balance of payments for 
1996; Ministry of Finance releases 
data for domestic and overseas se- 
curities investments in May. 


Tokyo: Okasan Economic Re- 


cast on the Japanese economy. Paris: Eurotunnel holds sharehold" 

Earnings expected: Culturecom ers meeting to vote on debt restruc- 
Holdings. Sincere Co... Sing Tao. turing plan. 

A schau im Chiemgau, Germany: 
Bundesbank holds policy meeting. 

Hong Kong: Government an- Madrid: Consumer price index for 

nounces employment and vacancy June. 

statistics lor March. Paris: Consumer price index lor 

Wellington: First-quarter balance of June; exchange reserves for June; 


Hong Kong: Government an- 
nounces employment and vacancy 
statistics for March. 


payments. 


Zurich: Institute for Economic Re- 
search holds briefing on the Swiss 
economy. 


Americas 

San Francisco: Japan-U.S. Busi- 
ness Council conference on dereg- 
ulation and market access, econom- 
ic fraud. Speakers include Michael 
Jordan, chairman of Westinghouse 
Electric Corp.. and Yotaro 
Kobayashi. chairman of Fuji Xerox 
Co.; Monday to Wednesday. 

Rio de Janeiro: Petroleo Brasileiro 
SA to receive final proposals from 
more than 60 international oil ex- 
ploration, production and refining 
companies for joint ventures. 


Washington: Federal Resen/e Sys- 
tem reports June consumer credit; 
Senate Governmental Affairs Com- 
mittee holds hearings on political 
fund-raising. 

Earnings expected: Advanced Mi- 
cro Devices. Motorola. Safeway. 

Brasilia: Communications Ministry 
opens bids for mobile telephone ser- 
vice in greater Sao Paulo, Bahia 
and Sergipe. 

Washington: May wholesale trade. 
Earnings expected: Seagate Tech- 
nology. 

Mexico City: May trade balance. 
Earnings expected: Atmel, Ban- 
dag, Canwest Global Communica- 
tions, Compaq Computer. Ed ipse 
Surgical Technologies, Fannie Mae. 
First Bank System, Hibernia, Laid- 
law. 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports producer price index for June. 
Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
June labor-lorce survey. 

Earnings expected: Fastenal. 
Phelps Dodge. 


one of the best track records in the in- take risk is to lengthen die maturity of wages.me rage, ^ ^ 

dustry. consistently and over a long peri- your portfolios to some extent” dueer p^ces. are nrnriiirjrvirv he 

od of Lime." ^ Foi^ple. he said, ihc relatively low aUy 

Mr. Gross. 53. has spent his entire yields of money-market securities could said, making what P 611 .. 

financial career with Pimco. which spe- be improved with little additional risk by environment for a ot • 

cializes in debt securities. He joined the investing in short-term bonds. Money- The suppi ly-Jemand q 
firm as a securities analyst after receiv- market rates are currently about 4.5 per- benefiting bonds, ne sai . - t * 

ing a master’s degree in business ad- cent. The Piruco Low Duration fund. Because of a shrinking 
ministration in 1971 from the University which owns bonds with maturities of one Treasury is issuing only | abou • 

of California at Los Angeles. to two vests, is vieldine about 6 percenL lion ot fresh debt annually, do ' 


to two years, is yielding about 6 percenL 


5*4 04/2507100.0100 53000 
714 10/2505 116*4 6.6700 

6*t 10/2506 1073900 63400 
5ft 070207 993000 5.9000 


A 1966 graduate of Duke University. "So you pick up one and a half per- 
Mr. Gross served three years as an en- centage points in yield by taking a slight 
gineering officer in the Navy and six extension risk in maturity," he said- 


21 7 France B.T.A.N. 4W 70/12/98 7013200 4-4500 
243 France B.TJUN. 5X4 03/1201 1053400 53600 


8*4 070101 107.1000 7.7000 
6'A 030102 1003900 63100 
11 06126/17 1013295 103300 
6* 020107 1003800 6.6900 


Oft 100107 1093681 0.4500 
4ft 03/2003 114.0512 3.7500 
414 12/2004 117ft 4.0400 

4300005/270 4 99.0000 43400 
4ft 062000 1093250 4.1000 


months as a professional blackjack play- 
er in Las Vegas. 

“It was blackjack that got me inter- 
ested in securities markets, he said. The 
matbemarics. memorization and games- 
manship that fuel success in one endeavor 
work equally well in the other, he said. 

“When I found out you could beat the 
house at blackjack — and you can — it 
encouraged me to test my skills in fi- 
nancial markets." 

In his 26 years with Pimco. Mr. Gross 
has observed debt markets when infla- 


An other tactic for increasing a bond 
portfolio's yield in a range-bound en- 
vironment is buying mortgage-backed 
bonds rather than Treasury bonds, Mr. 
Gross said. For example, a five-year 
Treasury note is currently yielding 6.4 
percenL but a Government National 
Mortgage Association bond of similar 
characteristics yields 7.5 percent 
This strategy would be dangerous in a 
choppy bond market, he acknowledged, 
because mortgage-backed bonds are 
volatile when rates are in flux. 


paying $250 billion in interest on the 
debt, most of ft immediately reinvesred.j, 
“When you've got $250 billion chas- 3 - 
ing $ 100 million of new issuance, prices 
go up,” he said. . *.*■ 

Higher bond prices mean lower 
terest rates, as rates vary inversely with „ 
prices. This phenomenon is most visible 
in short-term rates, which are around S.* 
percent for three-month Treasury bills. - 
That is less than the overnight borrowing j 
rate among banks, set by the Federal mP) 
Reserve at 5.5 percenL 

Ordinarily, that rate is the lowest in 1 
the marketplace because it is for the.„ 
shortest term. 


Portuguese Escudo 

148 Bco Invest I mob zero 06127/71 1113500 03000 

Spanish Peseta . 

130 Spain 7.9000D2/2&D2 1093760 73000 

154 Spain 644 04/1500 104.1600 63800 

215 Spain 7.350003/3107 107.2420 63500 


Latest Rally Is Expected to Linger 


11 01/2109 1 09.2852 1 0.0700 
5ft 04/1202 1033528 5.3000 
10*4 050500 1133509 9.0400 
8 08/1507 1133088 73800 
6ft 10/2506 1002572 63800 
10*4 050503 1203800 83900 
13 04/1501 1263594 103900 


BUit'nifrcrz /Vm i 

U.S. bond prices are expected to rally 
this week, propelled by the momentum 
from last week's gains, after an unex- 
pected rise in the jobless rare reinforced 
expectations that the Federal Reserve 
Board will not have to raise interest rates 
soon to stem inflation. 

Before the Independence Day holiday 
Friday. Treasury issues rallied and yields 
fell to four-month lows. 

“The marker has a green light." said 
John Burgess, a bond manager at 
Bankers Trust Global Investment Man- 
agement. after the "With this mo- 
mentum, I don’t see us ruling out the 
bond going to 6.50." 

The benchmark 30-vear Treasury 
bond's yield ended Thursday at 6.62 


percent, compared with 6.74 percent the 
previous week. 

Traders and investors may get further 
signs of slow inflation this week, when 


jobs, a smalier-than -expected number. . • 
Average hourly earnings, the report's ’ 
infla tion measure, rose a modest 0.7 
percent, or 4 cents, in May. The report 


the government reports on producer reassured the market that inflation would 
- remain under control. In a booming jobs ' 


U.S. CREDIT MARKETS 

prices for June. The index, slated for 
release Friday, is expected to show that 
prices rose 0. 1 percent in June after fall- 
ing 0.3 percent in May, according to 
economists surveyed by Bloomberg 
News. 

Bond prices surged Thursday after the 
Labor Department said the unemploy- 
ment rate rose to 5 percent last month 
from a 23-year low of 4.8 percenr in May 
and that the economy created 217,000 


markeL inflation can be triggered as 
employers offer bigger compensation to Z * 1 
attract scarce workers and then pass on 
extra costs to consumers. 

Low inflation is good news for bond* 
investors because it means securitie-v 
will hold more of their value over time. It 
also suggests die central bank will not’ 
see a need to raise interest rates in the 
months ahead. The Fed last changed 
rates in March, when it raised its target 
rate for overnight bank loans by a quarter; ‘ 
poinL to 5.5 percenL 


New International Bend Issues 


Compiled by Charlotte Sector 

Amount 

Issuer (millions) 


Floating Rate Notes 

Asset Backed Capitol 
Bontojo 

Compognie Boncaire 

Christiana Bonk 

Compognie Bancaire 
CIR International 

Fixed-Coupons 

Asset Backed Capital 

Bayerfsche Hypotheken und 
Wechsel Bonk 

Canada 

Gradiente Electronics 
Croatia 

Goldman Sadis Group 
Italy 

Merrill Lynd? 

Mexico 

Rabobank 

Turklye Emlak Bankasi 
Baden Wuri L-Finance 

Brazil 

European Investment Bank 


— Below 3-monttT lBjot. Noacaltable- Fees 0.10%. (Lahman Brothers Inti.) 

— Ow3^jJontt> Libor. CoBobleot par from 3008 when Interest b 0,90 over the tbeJ-roontti Libor. 
Fees 030%. (Solomon Brothers,) 

— Betow 3-month Ubar. NoncaUabte. Fees035%. Denominations SI 0300. (Bardayi deZoate . 
WWW.) 


libor 99.983 - 


2004 0.125 99.98 - 

2002 0.50 100.00 “ 


I merest will be the 3-mo nth Libor. NoncoBoble. Fees 0.15% Denominations SKUJ00. (Lehman 
Brothera.l 

Over 3-month Libor. NancatioMe. Fees 0.175%. (Deutsche Morgan GrenMt.) 

Over 3-roonth Ubor. Redeemable at par In 2000. Fees 0375%. (Banco CommerdoJeJ 


DM3,000 


ITL500.000 


General Electric Capital ITL 300 

Corp. 

Kredllanstalt Fuer (TL300 

Wiederaufbau 

Lehman B rottters H olding I TL1 75,000 


Bayerlsche Verelnsbank 

General Electric Capitol 
Corp. 

Kredietbank Inti Finance 


6ft 101.2334 — Reoffered at 100346. NoncaHable. Fees I w%. (Credit Suisse First BosionJ 

6ft 100.955 10035 Reoffend at 99.B8. NoncallatHe. Fees V'J% (Nomura IrrMJ 

5ft 98.866 — NoncaUabie. Fees 020%. (YomaicM Inl-Ll : 

9ft 99.35 — Callable of 98.90 in 2002. Fees i % (Credit Sutsse Fim Boston. J : ■ 

614 101.709 9930 Reoffered at *9384. NoncaUoWe. Fees 2%%. (Credit Subse First Boston J ’ 

616 101.63 99.65 Reoftered at 9928 Nonoollabje. Fees 2*%. (Goldman Sachs.) ‘ 

5ft 101.633 99.82 Reoftered of 99358. Nonco Sable, issue may be redenominated in euros after EMU. Fees 2 ft%. 

(Deutsche Maryan Grenfell ) 

6ft 102.00 101.10 Reoftered at 90.90. Nancaflabfe. Fees 2'6%. (Me/hH LyncfL) ’ 

8 102ft — Reoffeied at par. NoncaUabie. Fees 3% (Deutsche Morgan Grenfell,; ^ 

4ft 101.86 99.85 Reoffered at 99.935. NoncaUabJe. Fees 2**%. fRobobonk Deutschland.) 

8ft 100.00 — Reoftered ot 99 00. NoncoDoble. Fees 2'^. tCammmzheinJL) 

9 101.05 99.87 Reoftered at 99325. Interest will be 9% until 1999 thereafter 5ft%. Issue may be redenominoJBd 

In euros after EMU Fees 1 (Cobafo Holding.) 

~ IT 101.675 1 01.75 Reoftered at 100.375. NoncaHable. Fees 2%. (Deutsche Moryan Grenfell.) ~~ 

9 101.81 10130 Interest will be until 1 999 thereafter interest is 5*1%. Reoftered ot 99.135 . Noaadlabta- 

Fungitrio with outstanding issue, raising total amount to l j button Ere. issue may bo 
redenominated in euros after EMU. Fees 2%. (Banco Narkmole del Lamro J 

6ft 101.655 } 00.70 NoncaMaWe. Fees f’/4%^BanooComnwtctotel(aftona.; 

6ft 101.425 — Reoffend at W>u. Nonadloble. Fees y-*. ECreaito ttaflano.) 


7.30 101.675 - 


6ft 101076 99.45 Rroffered at W.251. NoncaHable. Fee !¥■«. (J.P. MotganJ * _ " 

6ft 101573 100 JO Reoftered at 09.998. Nonce [table. Fees 2%. ( ABN- AMRO Hoare Govern T 

4ft 101.612 100.15 Reoftered at 99.987 Noncaflable. Fee* (ABN- AMRO Hoare GovettJ 

6ft 101-11 — Reatfered ot 99.Be,. Cattable at par tn 20trr and evwr to years ntereatter to yield 025 over the if ■ 

year Dutch government bonds. Fees 2%. (Kredlelbank.) 

6‘/4 101 J75 99.80 Reoftered at 99.90. Fees Z J i. (ABN. AMRO Hoare GovettJ T 

5ft 101.85 TOO JO Noncaiteblc. Issue may be redenominated in etnas otter EMU. Fees r'«%. (Banque Inti 


Interest '.-1111 be 7 JO until 1998 thereafter 7% or switches to FRN with the interest of 0375% mer .- 
t-mcmlh Irbar. Fees iBanca Commendole ItaHanal 


5NS Bank Nederland 
Credit Local de France 

Sony Capital 


Equity-Linked 

Hyundai Engineering & 
Consfrucfion 


5.01 100.00 — 


Semiannually. Redemption at maturity will be in dollar. NoncaHable. Fees 1 tWb. rMenfil 


01 ,3 ^ : 11 'l*** heto » Tf«mun«. Convertible atM,Voo korean wan 
per. fare a lo.r? i premium Fees undisclosed. Denominations SI OOOQ. (UBs.) 


Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock Indexes 


United States 

DJ Indus. 

DJ Mil. 

DJ Trans. 

S 4, P 100 

S&P500 

S&Ptnd 

NY5EC0 

Nasdaq Cp 

Japan 

S1W5225 


FT5£ 100 

Canada 

T5£indus. 

France 

CAcffl 

Germany 


JulyJ June 2 ? 
Cbd Ij&l.Tl 

- 725.60 

- 173233 

» 861W 

- m7.ya 

- i.aase 

- J63J0 

- 1.J38U 

19.96fl.00 20,573.75 
4.812 90 4,630.00 
6,580 80 4.J26J0 
2,934.48 2.889.77 

1942J0 2.^95 41 


Hona Kong 
Hong Sena 1-W2J.97 I5.jft.79 -2.J5 

World Cold 

MSCIP ft4.ua 944.77 -2M5 London e , mirh 4 

ltor«#,m*i mni /.Uni/iin Stank t Cap-bi l/M Perspective 


Money Rates 


Prime rote 
Federal funds rote 
Jaotm 
Uiscoun) 

CaH money 
3-manlh Interbank 
BrlMm 

bam, base rote 
Collriwncy 
3-monih intcrtxmk 
France 

Intenreniton rate 
Call money 
3-monlti interbank 


Coll money 
3-tnonHi interbank 


Eurobond Yields 


JolT4 nmt]7Yi Mgh Vrta 

U S J. tom, term o 7- ^72 «□ 

Ui.S.mdmHBTO r,M sJl3 6^84 6.10 

S. short rerm 6.13 e,ia 6.S] s.96 

Si 1 "*! sterling v.m 7^13 775 7.09 


Weekly Sales 

Primary Martet 


UJ.s. short re™ 
Pounds sterling 
French francs 
Italian Ine 
Danish kroner 
Swedish kronor 
EC'Js. long turm 


J?7 4.97 5.05 4^6 
JJl 661 7.79 6J0 

S.45 SJ0 593 SJ8 
S3* SJ9 5^1 AJB2 


‘ fureetear 

3304) 2,198.0 4Sfl 
361^ 2J04J 1,074!?. 


ECP 111212 1Q.212J llSyS 9J6rj 
Total 1X154.9 10894 J 1 £223.9 I1J36.9 
Secondary Martart 


Can U i™ s - 31 5S1 192 

J 5.99 5.75 6JI -- 

r.9?. S 6.40 6J4 7JB6 


H.“ ,S 7.16 039 6.94 

1 97 1.93 2.15 164 

Source LfMcnbourg slock etchange. 


31 SJ3 4.92 __ . „ * "W S Nos* . 

75 651 5.70 Shrug fils 27.40 1 .8 266783 97Jtn 7 TrvxZr, ■ \ 

56 786 635 £?T"rert- 1.738.9 1J659 4J563 sJanH 

16 039 694 PPNa 2&607.9 ll^j ojgSg 

93 2.15 164 ECP I889S ^ , 

Total 59.718.1 57677.1191^.0 6A3SoI ' Pi 

exchange. So »rce.- Euroc/ms. Cede! Hank. ' f 


_ To adve; 

n?L : + 33 


July 4 June 27’’., Ch'ge 
324 JO 33655 -35B 


Libor Rates 

n<« 'IT 1 * 4 ' fl i«wfti 

y-7 s 5-'-i S : a 5‘kis 

Deutsch-rmnik 3J 

Peund sterling 6" e 7 1 . 71 ^ 

Saukos Limits Sank Reuters. 


r 1 *!* Yen 


’■ss** ft««tti . 

3 .^ 3ft 31* *■ 

4ft 47-14 41^ 

ft 


^j)l kSP 


l 




t 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


PAGE 15 


Bond 


ing some even bi L .„ rt 
to plump up a 2g? 

f- Gtoss said foe h£h 

vnd «jierging_ ma f^ r 

>°K» about a 5 pe r , em 
markets^ $ 

i he expected inters, 
T«nt this year bectr 
3 all but obliterated * 


SHORT COVER 

^Thaj Rmir^n tn r.nag iva A Golden Era in Credit Cards Is Ending in a Squeeze 


m productivity h 
it he called a “nerf , 
•a bondholder. ^ Cfl 


mand .equation is a j Sl 
he said. 

shrinking deficit. f h, 

g only about $100 hif 

annually. But it is ak, 
,on “ mterest on ik 
^ed^telyreinvesi,,! 
got $-50 billion cha s . 
tfnew issuance. pnc ei 

Tices mean lower m 
es vary inversely u„f, 
ymenort is most visible 
s, which are around * 
rnonth Treasury hill 
e overnight borfou,nn 

s, set by the Federal 
cent. 

r rate is the lowest in 
because it is fur [|) t . 


get- 


tn-expected number, 
earnings, the repon\ 

, rose a modest 0.J 
s. in May. The report 
:et that inflation w ouid 
rol. In a booming j<»h, 
can be triggered j> 
gger compensation in *. 
kers and then pa^ un 
umers. 

i good news for bond 
it means securing 
heir value over time. It 
central bank will not 
e interest rates m the 
he Fed last changed 
ten it raised its target 
tank loans bv a quarter 
nt. 


BANGKOK (Bloomberg) — The daily limits on price 
movements of Thai shares will be tripled as of Aug. 1 as parr 
of Thailand’s program to attract new investment through 
deregulation, said Pakom Malakui Na Ayudhya, secretary- 
general of the Securities and Exchange Commission. 

■ Shares will probably be allowed to rise as much as 33 
percent in one day and fall 27 percent, Mr. Pakom said over the 
weekend, adding that the limits may be set at 30 percent each 
way. Snares on the Stock Exchange of Thai land are now 
allowed to rise or fall 10 percent daily. 

Singh Tangiatswras, president of the exchange, told the 
newspaper The Nation that new measures would be imposed 
to offset increased volatility. 

tf the SET Index falls 100 points from the previous day’s 
close, trading will be halted tor an hour. If the benchmark 
index falls200 points, trading will end for the day. 

-Bundesbank Shows Flexibility 

’ BERLIN (Reuters) — The deputy president of the Bundes- 
bank, Johann Gaddum, said Sunday that the convergence 
criteria should be taken seriously but that there was no 
economic difference between deficits of 2.9 percent or 3.1 
percent of economic output. 

Hie new European central bank’s monetary policies will be 
as strong as the Bundesbank's, Mr. Gaddum said in a radio 
interview. 


India Approves Coke Investment 

NEW DELHI (Reuters) — The government has approved 
an investment by Coca-Cola Co. to set up bottling plants under 
an overall $700 million investment plan, an industry source 
said. 

Separately, the Press Trust of India said Coca-Cola's plan to 
set up two subsidiaries had been cleared by the cabinet 
committee on foreign investment at a meeting Friday. 

\ Government officials could not be reached" for comment, 
p ' The approval was one of six foreign investment projects 
approved by Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujaral's rwo- 
monlh-oJd government, in a further attempt to show India’s 
commitment to economic liberalization. 

BA French Unit Expects ’97 Loss 

PARIS (Reuters) — The French airline Air Libene-TAT 
will not break even this year but expects to turn profitable in 
two years, the chairman, Marc Rochet, said. 

“This year, we will not quite break even but we should get 
there in two years,” he told Radio Ciassique. “Our objective 
is to have revenue of more than 3 billion francs ($508 million) 
and profitability in two years.” 

Air Liberte-TAT is the French subsidiary of British Air- 
ways PLC- The private French group Rivaud also holds a 
small stake. 


Japanese Banks Groan 
Under Bad-Debt Load 

Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — Japanese banks are still straggling to rid 
themselves of the bad loans that have dragged them down since 
the collapse of the real-estate market earlier this decade. 


By Saul Hansell 

Nr*- Yuri Times Service 

NEW YORK — The last few 
years have been heaven for credit- 
card users, who have been inund- 
ated by offers to try new cards with 
no annual fees, low-interest "leas- 
er” rales, frequent-flier miles, bo- 
nus points ana assorted other good- 
ies. 

But the platinum parade is com- 
ing to an end. 

Credit-card companies, bloody 
from brutal competition and a rise 
in the number of customers de- 
faulting on their bills, have started 
to raise fees and interest rates, limit 
credit lines and scale back the most 
generous bonus programs. 

The competitive battle led to an 
“irrational balance in favor of the 
consumer," said Michael Urkow- 
itz. executive vice president in 
charge of credit cards at Chase Man- 
hattan Bank, the largest U.S. bank. 

The pendulum is set to swing 


back, he said, as a banking and 
consumer-credit * 'rationalization” 
cuts back some of the most lu- 
crative card offers. 

Seamus McMahon, a partner at 
First Manhattan Consulting Group, 
said: "The credit-card industry is 
in the same position as the airline 
industry was three or four years 
ago. The players have come to the 
conclusion that too often they are 
giving away the goods for far less 
than their costs.” 

The pressure is on because losses 
from bad credit-card debt have 
reached 7 percent of total balances, 
a higher level than even in the 
depths of the 1990-91 recession. 
Personal bankruptcies are increas- 
ing at a 27 percent annual pace. 

“This business dipped further 
down into the barrel in terms of 
reaching people with marginal- 
ability and willingness to pay their 
debts,” said William Hodges, ex- 
ecutive vice president for market- 


Morgan Stanley. Dean Witter. Dis- 
cover & Co. 

Some evidence of the cutbacks is 
visible: Last week. Ford MororCo. 
canceled a credit card, with Cit- 
ibank. that offered rebates on new 
cars. In addition, Advanta, once a 
rapidly growing credit-card com- 
pany that has been hit with sharply 
higher losses, recently raised in- 
terest rates by two percentage 
points on most of its accounts and 
has imposed a raft of new fees. 

Much of the retreat, though, is so 
subtle that many may not notice. 

The number of credit-card mail- 
ings is already down sharply, and 
experts estimate that there will be 
25 percent fewer offers for cards 
than there were two years ago — 
and the offers are not so lucrative. 

Card companies are trying to im- 
pose fees, but only on some cus- 
tomers. Being late with one pay- 
ment these days or going over a 
credit line by a single dollar can cost 


Reining In the Offers 


Worried about the rising amount of consumer debt, credit card 
.companies have reduced the number of card offers to customers. 

20 % ' " ■ 7 3.0 billion 



H^toofconsumar . 
installment debt ~ 
to personal income ■; y 



mg for the Discover Card, a unit of $20 at most big card companies. 


Sources: Havsr ATaVrcs, SantonJ C. Bernstein S Co.; BAJ Global 


*92 ’93 ’94 '95 '96 '97 
est 


Thf Nn Y- -ft Timn 


‘Micro- Cap 9 Roller Coaster Rewards Strong Stomachs 


By Anne Tergesen 

Nnv York Times Sen- tee 

NEW YORK — The so-called 
micro-cap mutual hinds took in- 
vestors on a wild ride this spring. 

Since a brutal correction last sum- 
mer in the market for small stocks 
and for its micro-cap subset of even 
smaller issues, investors have 
favored blue chips. 

from January through April, 
funds specializing in micro-caps — 
stocks of companies with market 
values of less than $250 million — 
trailed those investing in the Stan- 
dard & Poor's 500-stock index by an 
average of about 14 percentage 
points. 

In fact, the micro-cap funds had 
an average loss of 5.6 percent during 
that time, compared with an 8.8 per- 
cent gain for the index foods. 

That prompted Satya Pradhuman. 
manager of U.S. quantitative anal- 
ysis at Merrill Lynch, to wonder 
whether managers of the most 
beaten-down portfolios retained 
enough confidence to seize foe op- 
portunities he saw coming. 

"Investment managers have been 
traumatized.” he wrote in early May 
in a report to investors. 

By the end of May, however, such 
concerns seemed misplaced. Al- 


short-lived surge in the spring of we are up is that we remained fo- 
1996 or foe start of a long-awaited cused." 


revival. Besides being highly volatile, the 

Such volatility is far from unusual, fund is also one of the most ex- 
An analysis by Prudential Securities pensive around, charging fees of 
of data compiled by the University of 6.25 percent of the fund’s assets to 
Chicago’s Center for Research in defray overhead and other expenses. 


Security Prices shows that micro- 
caps have historically posted ups and 
downs that are 87 percent more ex- 
treme than those of large stocks and 
26 percent greater than those of small 
caps — stocks with a market value 
under $1 billion. 

The swings can increase sharply 
when fond managers shun diver- 
sification as a risk-management 
tooL American Heritage, a micro- 
cap fund that, like a lot of such 
foods, is too small to be included in 
many newspaper and other listings, 
has posted a 78 percent return so far 
this year, largely on the back of one 
tiny stock. 

It plowed more than half its $18. 1 
million in assets into Senetek, a Brit- 
ish company that says it has a treat- 
ment for male impotence. 


pensive around, charging fees of many market analysts argue that foe 
6.25 percent of the fund’s assets to fundamentals — including a strong 
defray overhead and other expenses, economy and a strong dollar — are 
versus about 1.5 percent for the ryp- in place for a rebound in both sec- 
ical micro-cap offering. tors, which tend to move in tan- 


ical micro-cap offering. tors, which tend to move 

Even diversified micro-cap funds dem. 
can sometimes be a nightmare for Other analysts point ou 

— — ever, that these conditions have ex- 

nWRSTTNff isted for some time but have yet to 

fuel a sustained micro-cap rally. 

impatient or risk-averse investors. But even if micro-caps fail to ride 

Those who pulled money out of foe along with foe current bull market, 
Bridgeway Ultra-Small Co. fond in history suggests that patient in- 
response to its 3.6 percent loss in vestors will be rewarded. Since 
February missed out on gains that 1926, according to Prudential, mi- 
left the portfolio up 20.6 percent for cro-caps have outperformed the rest 
foe first half of foe year, compared of the market; their compounded 
with an the average return for all annual returns of 12.6 percent were 
diversified U.S. funds of 13.1 per- higher than foe 1 1.8 percent posted 
cent, according to Momingstar. Hie by small-caps and foe 10.2 percent 
Bridgeway fond concentrates on* shown by blue-chip stocks. 


20 percent of a portfolio. Micro-cap funds are also relative 

Although their outsized volatility bargains. Investors must now spend 
makes small and micro-cap stocks an average of $25. 16 to receive $ 1 in 
notoriously difficult to predict, earnings from funds that invest in 
any market analysts argue that the the largest stocks, compared with 
mdamentals — including a strong S27.30 for small-cap stocks and 
ronomy and a strong dollar — are $23.43 for those specializing in mi- 
place for a rebound in both sec- cro caps, Momingstar says, 
rs, which tend to move in tan- Also working in foe sector's favor 
mi. is a proposed cut in the U.S. capital 

Other analysts point out, how- gains tax rate, said Claudia Mott, 


companies with market capitaliza- 
tions of less than $100 million. 
Micro-cap funds are particularly 


' 'This is a great time to be looking 


director of small-cap research at 
Prudential. If history repeats itself, 
she said, after a correction in one 
quarter, small stocks will rally by 
more than their large counterparts. 

That, she added, is because the 
smallest companies typically deliv- 
er returns in the form of price ap- 
preciation, or capital gains, rather 
than dividends. 

On balance, advisers say, an- 
other positive factor for the smal- 
lest stocks is the recent decline in 
initial public offerings. Although 
deprived of high-fiying small 


The bet-foe-farm gamble paid off risky because of foe speculative 
as Senetek's stock racked up a big nature of many of the small compa- 


at micro-caps,” Mr. Pradhuman of stocks they can sell at a quick 
Merrill Lynch said. With foe heady profit, micro-cap mutual funds can 


Banks, thrifts and agricultural cooperatives were carrying most overnight, the smallest stocks 
27.9 trillion yen ($245.27 billion) in mostly property-related had transformed themselves from 


i.90 uwthe The 3-in0fUn um» 


. S1000Q. IBordovs de :cei* 


Kwninoflons Sift 000 iLewnai' 


bad loans as of March, the Finance Ministry said in a report 
released late Friday. 

That is a reduction of only 4. 5 percent from foe last report six 
months ago. Banking analysts say foe picture is even bleaker 
because Japan’s accounting rales allow the banks to un- 
derreport foie actual bad-loan figure by tens of trillions of yen. 

“If all -the bad loans were included, we estimate foe 
Japanese banking system is carrying as much as 70 trillion yen 
in debt,’ ’ said Kayo Ozeki, a senior director of IBC A. a British 
credit-rating company. Given that land prices are still falling 
and new bad loans continue to appear, “foe Finance Min- 
istry’s estimated losses are way too optimistic," he said. 

While some of the nation’s biggest banks are making 
headway in disposing of their debt, most of the others will be 
left behind as foe government’s “Big Bang” deregulation 
program cuts red tape and spurs competition in coming years. 


percentage gain this quarter, rising 
from $3.38 to $4.50. but investors 
would have had little cushion if the 
stock had turned south. And foe fund 
has an annual total return of just 2.2 
percent over foe last three years, 
suggesting that its valleys can be 


Wall Street’s wallflowers into foe just as off-the-c harts as its reported 
life of foe party, taking foe funds that peaks. 


invest in them along for foe ride. 

But when blue chips returned as 
the market leaders in June, investors 
were left to wonder whether May 
had been a cruel reminder of the 


“We are what you call a high-risk 
fund.” said Heiko Thieme. foe 
chairman and manager of the fund, 
defending his tendency to make 
heavy bets. “The very reason why 


rues they invest in. Stephen 
Janachowski, a co-founder of foe 
investment advisory firm Brouwer 
& Janachowski, based in Ti boron. 
California, said foe markets they 
traded in tended to be illiquid, 
adding to foe volatility. 

Those factors make micro-caps a 
poor choice for investors unable to 
wait at least five years for returns. 
Mr. Janachowski said. 

He said he recommended that in- 


multiples at which blue-chip issues benefit because investors inter- 
are now trading, he said, small ested in small stocks then turn 
stocks offer an opportunity to hunt their attention to existing issues, 
for bargains and to diversify. pushing prices higher. 

Mr. Pradhuman said small-cap With all these promising signs for 

stocks, including foe micros, are micro-caps, the only missing piece 
cheaper relative to blue chips than of the equation is earnings growth, 
they have been since foe end of a Ms. Mott says. If analysts polled by 
small-stock bear market in 1990. First Call Corp. are correct, after 
Based on ratios of stock prices to two years in which earnings ira- 
sales, he said, micro-cap stocks are proved too slowly ro justify foe 


trading at about 0.32 times the av- 
erage for large caps. That is 16 per- 
cent below foe ratio of 0.38 that they 


dividual investors limit purchases of hit in 1 990, the previous low for the 
micro-caps to between 5 percent and decade. 


higher risk of investing in small 
stocks, profit growth at small 
companies will outstrip that of mar- 
ket leaders by more than 10 percent 
this year and next. 


Merger Fever Hits Wall Street as Firms Seek Global Reach 


janGrmfMU 
Banco CommefdDi* 1 


'* 


^analysts said. 

“ Trust banks, regional banks and other heavily indebted 
institutions will not have money to take advantage of de- 
regulation's opportunities, while other companies will have 
ami) freed up to expand inti) newly opened markets, such as by 
buying brokerages or insurance companies. 


PLACE: In Tbilisi, It’s Betsy’s 

Continued from Page 13 courage private investment in 


By Peter Trueil 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — As foe securities, banking, 
insurance and money-management industries 


that often have individual cultures and prac- 
tices established over many years, if not 
many generations. 

Much of this concern, however, seems lost 


many of the country’s biggest companies, 
will be able to easily absorb Montgomery, a 
comparative mite that has grown up provid- 
ing equity finance to small and dynamic 


of financial businesses. 


n euros offer EMU. ■ 


business until she moved to ing of her real-estate firm in 
Tbilisi five years ago. She had 1 993 with two female Geor- 
rfever even lived overseas, gian partners. 

When foe Berlin Wall came Asked whether she knew 
down and the Soviet empire anything about real estate be- 


continoe their rapid consolidation, some of businesses, talking of “logical fits, 
foe biggest names in finance are on foe prow] ergies” and ‘‘global businesses.” They all 
for acquisitions tm Wall Street — or have seek to take advantage of the booming fi- 
recently made the plunge. The main decision nancial markets and loosened regulations 
they all face is to figure out which company that increasingly allow foe combin 
will give them the biggest lift as they seek to different types of financial businesses, 
build a global financial business. In this charged atmosphere, some secu- 

Those now scouting the field include ING rides companies have even found it nec- 
Groop NV of foe Netherlands, Societe Gen- essaiy to insist they are not for r - * - “ 
erale SA of France, Chase Manhattan Corp. Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrerte Si 
and UP. Morgan & Co. Corp., John Chalsty, the chief execut 

hi the latest announced transactions,' a memo on June 25 to the firm’s err 
Scudder, Stevens & Clark Inc. plans to be saying, “DU is not for sale and 


as financial companies rush to combine their companies in health care, high technology 


and communications. 

Top executives of NationsBank and 
Mbntgomery say they intend to allow Mont- 
gomery to remain an independent fief within 


that increasingly allow die combination of the NationsBank empire, yet they said they 


also expected to exploit synergies between 
foe companies. Thomas Weisel, Mont- 
gomery’s chief executive, and James Hance 


“We have an investment-banking busi- 
ness in the U.S. through ING Baring and we 
are interested in expanding it, either by means 
of acquisition or oiganically,” said Ruud 
Polet, ING's spokesman in Amsterdam. 
“We are looking around and people know 
how to find us,” he added, but be declined to 
comment on specific questions about his 
company's talks with Montgomery. 

In the Scudd ex-Zurich deal, a question is 
whether Brahmins in Boston where Scudder 
started out and where it still has offices, will 
work well with Swiss financiers and Chicago 


essaiy to insist they are Dot for sale. At Jr. f NationsBank’s vice chairman and chief money managers. That, in a sense, is what is 


Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrerte Securities 
Corp., John Chalsty, the chief executive, sent 
a memo on June 25 to the firm’s employees 
saying, “DU is not for sale and no dis- 


financial officer, both stress foe similar val- 
ues and cultures of foe two operations. 

NationsBank and Montgomery executives 
talked of “one-stop shopping" as a benefit 


sold to Zurich Corp. for $1.67 billion, and missions are under way with any imagined of their transaction. In doing so, they re- 


NationsBank Corp., foe banking giant based 
in Charlotte, North Carolina, agreed to pay 
$1.2 billion for Montgomery Securities Inc., 


Issue may be redenwr' 1 ' 

GffiiMU __ 

•d 0199.135. NDi«calW ble - 
hi Ere. Issue maybe 
ilelLnvoro.i 


vim the inteiesl oM)-’’ 5 ' 


change program to promote 
understanding between 
American politicians and So- 
viet and East European coun- 
terparts. 

• “Betsy would sweep these 


promote moved a lot — after a wniie, 
between you just sort of know.” She 
;and So- said it was easy. “After a 
an conn- month, we had a huge data- 
base,” she said. “Basically 
sep these every house was available — 


ised potential acquirers.” surrected a term that was bandied about in 

pay Shares of the firm have nearly doubled in foe financial services industry in the heady 
(nc., a year, partly because of speculation that its 1980s, when Sbearson-Lehman American 
that parents, Equitable Companies, which in turn Express proposed to offer companies and 
ther is controlled by AXA-UAP, foe French in- individuals everything from credit cards to 
surance giant, might want to sell. stock issues, 

and In foe N ations B ank-M outgo mery deal, ING also showed interest in Montgomery, 


fore ign dignitaries from die Georgians always have three 
ahport in her Chevrolet con- houses.” 


foe San Francisco investment bank that parents, Equitable Companies, which in turn 
caters to Silicon Valley companies and other is controlled by AXA-UAP, foe French in- 
growing industries. surance giant, might want to sell. 

Many new alliances, both planned and In foe N ations B ank-M outgo mery deal, 
putative, raise questions about the ability of the question arises as to whether -bankers 
managers to integrate different businesses from North Carolina, whose clients include 


according to bankers involved in the sale 
negotiations. 


proposed in foe creation of Scudder Kemper 
Investments, which will incorporate Scudder 
and Zurich Kemper Investments of Chicago. 

Hie new company, based in New York, 
will be almost 70 percent owned by the Zurich 
Group, foe big Swiss insurer that has decided 
that asset management has rosier long-term 
prospects than foe insurance business. 

“For us, one of the great positives is we 
are going to be a global investment-man- 
agement firm," said Edmond Villani, Scud- 
der's president and chief executive. “It isn't 
going to be where you’re headquartered, it’s 
now you are doing business.” he added. 


venable, take them around 
and- entertain them with fab- 


She sold the firm to her 
partners last year to manage 


NET: Domains to Be Scrutinized 


■ nidus dinner parties al her the hotel full time. 

house,” said Ann Polk, a The secret of her success in Continued from Page 13 

friend in Washington. “Of the uncharted and Byzantine 

course, they were ah just en- world of Georgian business, ultimately be filed by the 
clan ted.” said the confident and well- Justice Department or by ofo- 

But foe exchange program connected Ms. Haskell, is that ers as a result of the mves- 
shut down soon after foe she is a sole proprietor, tm- tigation or what such an action 






jHe. FflCS 1 ’■ 


siaooo- iubs.5 _ — ■ 


failed 1991 coup against the .fettered by foe shifting rales would email. 

r. w * KU si .1 . ... m.inr inil . t It Mid 


ers as a result of the inves- 
tigation or what such an action 


: Soviet . leader Mikhail that can st 
Cforbachev. Ms. Haskell said ventures. 
..---that without the/pregram to “Fmnot 
run, she grew bored and rest- ding plant 
1^ m Washington. business bli 

, v '.When a young Georgian She laug 
-r- j mli ririan came to her for ad- about cor 
4 vibe on how to foster democ- “Comiptioi 
^cy under the rale of Geor- . your way.” 


that can stymie major joint 
ventures. 

‘Tm not a winery or a bot- 
tling plant — I’m a sroail- 
bnsmess blip,” she said. 

She laughed when asked 
about corruption, saying, 
“Corruption can also work 


It said that neither it nor its 
parent company was “aware 
of foe scope or nature of foe 
investigation.” 

In March, Network Solu- 
tions was sued by a New 
York-based company. PG 
Media Joe., which alleged 
that Network Solutions was 


gia’s first, authoritarian Ms. Haskell, who drives 
president, Zviad Gamsakhnr-: herself around town in anew 
i^she ended up traveling to teal blue Russian-made Lada, 
itisi to organize a seminar said her only regret was that 
bus iness planning and for- Tbilisi had nothing in the way 
p investment of Chinese food. Western 

Upon her return to Wash- movie theaters or shopping- 
itoiL she won a $250,000 “There are no real stores 


has been more than $55 mil- 
lion. The document filed with 
foe SEC also said that Net- 
work Solutions, which pre- 
viously kept its financial po- 
sition confidential, had 
returned to profitability, post- 
ing earnings of $516,000 for 
foe first quarter of 1997. Hie 
company lost $1.6 million 
last year and $2.8 million in 
1995. 

■ Ministers Discuss Net 

Economics, trade and tech- 
nology minis ters from about 


Escorts & Guides 


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m bus iness planning and fa* 
Sign investment 
Upon her return to Wash- 
ington, she won a $250,000 


violating antitrust laws by not 40 countries, including mem- 
adding new do main suffixes, bers of foe European Union 
Network Solutions was plus foe United States, Rus- 
gjven the power to assign do- sia, Japan and Canada, will 
mains on the Internet in 1995 meet in Bonn on Monday for 
by the National Science a conference on Internet Corn- 
Foundation, which controlled merce, Reuters reported from 
such registrations when the the German capital. 


ATLANTIC 

Gumma 


Royal Ptefenm 

rate lato m fc u t 
FROM 18 YEARS. 


s ft 

'H ^ Si <4 




grant' from Metromedia, foe hare,” she said. “I order my network was largely the ter- 
■ 1 • ---- - ■ — 'r-w-— .» rain of academics and gov- 


(tommumrratiohs giant, to en- '■ clothes from Talbots. 


. ;> ; v - .Arts & Antiques 

is.;: . Appears eveiy Saturday. 

$7- ••• *Io advertise contact Kimberly Cuenand-Betrancourt 

T - T&.\+33 (0) 141 439476 f Fax: + 33 (0) 1 41 43 93 70 

: ,, • ■ - or your nearest EfT office or representative. 


The European hosts of 
Global Information Net- 


emment scientists. Under foe works, opening Monday, saw 
deal, foe company would their thunder stolen by Pres- 


place 30 percent of foe re- 
gistration fees — or $30 per 
domain — into a fund for die 


snt of foe re- ideal Bill Clinton last week 
— or $30 per when he issued a call to create 
i a fund for foe an Internet “free trade zone** 


“preservation and enhance- within a year, 
ment” of the Internet The proposal met with a 

None of that money has lukewarm response from 
been spent, and the fund European Union states and 
totaled $23.8 million at the some developing countries, 
end of March, according to who fear that any deal would 
foe document filed with the disproportionately benefit 
SEC Network Solutions’ U.S. industry, 
revenue from registration Internet address: Cyber- 
acti vines since its inception Scape@iht.com 


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PAGE 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


SPORTS 


Australia in Control Against England 


The Associated Press 

MANCHESTER — The fast bowler 
Jason Gillespie came cat of the shadows 
of back-to-back centuries by Steve 
Waugh and took three En glan d wickets 
to have Australia well poised to wrap up 
the third test on Sunday. 

England was 130 for five at stumps 
on the penultimate day, with John Craw- 
ley (53 not out) and Marie Eaiham un- 
beaten on five. 

Another classic innings — 1 16 to add 
to his first-innings 108 — by Waugh 


Gkicket 


and steady lower order contributions 
left England 468 runs behind with a 
minim um of 141 OVCTS to be bowled. 

Australia declared its second innings 
at 395 for eight after just 22 minutes 1 ' 
batting after lunch. 

England, facing a record fourth-in- 
nings total to win, surrendered meekly, 
largely through some irresponsible bat- 


ling from senior batsmen. 

The only time England has scored 
over 300 runs in the fourth innings to 
win an Ashes test was in 1928-29, when 
it scored 332 for seven at Melbourne 
Cricket Ground. 

South Africa's 145 for seven remains 
the highest fourth-innings total to win a 
test at Old Trafford when it beat Eng- 
land by three wickets in 1955. 

England lost four wickets for 1 1 runs 
off 37 balls as Gillespie took three for 
five in 19 balls in a telling spell, spread 
over two sessions before and after tea. 

Gillespie trapped skipper Michael 
Atherton (21) and Nasser Hussain (1) as 
they played back, and lured a patient 


a gradually wearing wicket against the 
ominous leg spinner Shane Wame. 

Wame claimed the prized wicket of 
Alec Stewart just 1 1 minutes before the 
tea break. 

After Atherton had hooked Gillespie 
for six and fallen six balls later, Stewart 
was bowled for one after lie failed to get 
to the pitch of a Wame delivery and left 
a gap between bat and pad. 

Graham Thorpe ana Crawley batted 
for nearly an hour, but a rash shot from 
Thorpe saw him caught behind by the 
wicketkeeper, Ian Healy, as Wame 
claimed his second wicket of the in- 


Mark Butcher (28) to top edge a hook to 


Glenn McGrath at fine leg. 

McGrath, running in, completed a 
well judged catch just when the ball 
appeared to drift away from him and fall 
short. 

Butcher had looked by far the most 
comfortable of the England batsmen on 


nings. 

Gillespie, returning to the side after 
missing the second Test through injury, 
took three for 31 after going wicketless 
in the first innings. 

Wame, who passed countryman 
Richie Benaud’s 248 wickets, has 
claimed an unfinished match-bag of 
eight for 69 to rekindle memories of his 
Ashes test debut here in 1993. 



Steve Waugh after second century. 


Australia Downs New Zealand in World Cup Qualifying Match 


CxnpM l» Otr SmffFnm Daparka 

SYDNEY — Australia beat New 
Zealand by 2-0 in the second leg of the 
Oceania qualifying final on Sunday to 
move a step closer to winning a place in 
next year's World Cup finals in Prance. 


Ned Zetic opened the scoring with 
a superb long-range strike in the sixth 
min ute, and Graham Arnold sealed the 
victory with a goal in the 53rd minute 
to give Australia a 5-0 aggregate vic- 
tory after its 3-0 success in last week- 


end's first leg in Auckland. 

Sunday's triumph maintain ed Aus- 
tralia’s perfect record under its new 
coach, Terry Venables, The -team has 
now won 1 1 matches in succession un 


World Soccer 



der the former England manager, who 
said he was delighted with its progress 
although it had squandered a number of 
scoring opportunities. 

On Saturday night in Santiago, Chile, 


Marcelo Salas scored three goals to lead 
Chile to a 4-1 victory 'over Colombia, 
whose winless streak in World Cup 
qualifying stretched to five. Chile (4-3- 
4) moved into fourth place behind 
Paraguay (7-1-2). Argentina (5-2-4) and 
Colombia (5-4-3). The top four teams 
will all join defending champion Brazil 
as South America's teams at the 1998 
World Cup in France. Salas scored in 
the 16th, 27 th and 41st minutes, while 
Hamilton Ricart scored for Colombia in 
the 53rd. (Reuters, AP) 


South Africans Win Big One 
But British Take the Series 


The Associated Press 

JOHANNESBURG— It was a result 
both sides could live with: South Africa 
won this battle but die British Lions had 
already won the war. 

With little on the line but pride, the 
Springboks finally found a kicking 
game to go along with their running 
attack to down the tourists in the third 
test, 35-16, on Saturday. 

Percy Montgomery, Joost van der 
Westhuizen, Andre Snyman and Pieter 
Roussow scored tries as the Springboks 
overcame two Lion comebacks. “It was 
a painful experience to lose the series," 
said the Springbok coach, Carel du 
Plessis. "They really needed this one." 

Still, there were plenty of smiles by 
the Lions, wbo already had clinched the 


the captain, Martin Johnson. “We knew 
from the outset that if we didn't play as 
a team, we didn’t stand a chance." 

With a crowd of more than 60,000 
watching at Ellis Park, the Springbok 
rugby mecca, it was a match big on hits 
that left die medics busy stitching cuts. 


Rocby 


7® 


PitriJt PrKcyHctum 


OVER THE TOP — Walter Reding, a contestant in the Bull Riding event 
at the annual Calgary Stampede, being tossed into the air. While he fell 
before the regulatory eight seconds had elapsed, he was not injured. 


series by winning the first two tests, a 
feat few had given the underdogs much 
chance of achieving. 

“I think people underestimated us,” 
said the manager, Fran Cotton. “It’s 
been a super effort by all involved.” 
Asked to compare this squad with the 
virtuoso 1974 team. Cotton said both 
had a ‘‘tremendous sense of purpose.” 
It was the first Lions tour of South 
Africa in 17 years, and they are not 
scheduled to return until 2005. After 
finishing with 1 1 victories in 13 
matches, there will be plenty of happy 
memories to take home. 

“It’s a very hard place to play,” said 



ftw Ao±r». l Rcmci-i 


Niel Back of the Lions trying to 
elude a tackle by Pieter Rossouw 
of the South Africa Springboks. 



As NFL Camps Open, 

Veterans Are Displaced 


Steelers and Woodson Have Parted Company 


By Thomas George 

Nn- York Times Strife 


P ITTSBURGH — Rod Wood- 
son drove across the 

Pennsylvania-0 hio border last 

Thursday to buy bushels of fire- 
works. They were for a Fourth of July 
weekend show for his family, friends 
and neigh bore in the backyard of his 
five-acre home in Wexford, 
Pennsylvania, a Pittsburgh suburb. 

Woodson was paying for two 
stuffed carts when a teen-age boy 


Well, I am leaving, and I have made, 
this decision with my heart.” . 

Woodson is not alone in changing - 
places. Defensive end Neil Smith 
will stay in the American Conference- 


West, moving from the Kansas City 
Chiefs to the Denver Broncos. 


gingerly approached him. 


,/oodsoru" the boy began, 
literally shaking, “you signed my 
football card a year ago, and I just 
wanted to thank you again for doing 
ff.nl You’ll always be one of my 
favorite players even though you 
broke ray heart." Woodson smiled. 

Stinging arrows. Broken hearts. 
That is the Rod Woodson-Pittsburgh 
Steelers story, soon to be the Rod 
Woodson- San Francisco 49ers story. 

His saga offers a sparkling ex- 
ample of veterans in the National 
Football League these days, and as 
teams open training camps over the 
next few days, fans will find some 
experienced players in new places. 

Woodson, 32 now. gave Pitts- 
burgh 10 years of blood and sweat, 
building a bond between player and 
franchise that seemed as if it would 
last forever. 

Ten seasons at comerback for 
Woodson in the Steelers' daunting 
black and gold. Seven Pro Bowl sea- 
sons. The Steelers’ active career in- 
terception leader with 38. The fran- 
chise record-holder for punt returns, 
punt return yards, kickoff returns and 
kickoff return yards. 

A frequent team most valuable 


®e is also in 
that division; be is an Oakland Raida 1 -' 
now. Randall Cunningham leaves the 
broadcast booth and returns to pro 
football as a quarterback for the Min- 
nesota Vikings. 

Coaches have new - homes, too. 
Among them. Bill Parc ells’ karma: 
has shifted from the New England 
Patriots to the Jets, and Bobby Ross 
has moved from the San Diego Char- 
gers to the Detroit Lions. 

But few exits, few splits, have 
been as emotional and as testy as 
Woodson’s leaving of the Steelers. 

“When Franco HarrisVwent to 
Seattle, that was the most difficult,” 
said Dan Rooney, the Steelers’ own- 
er, of his 1970s star running back. 
“But this thing with Rod is right up 



Woodson and the 
Steelers had a bond 
that seemed as if it 
would last forever. 


player and defensive captain. Named 
three years ago to the NFL’s 75th- 


anniversaiy team. 

Think Rod Woodson, think No. 
26, and you think Steelers. He had 
become part of the fabric here — just 
like a piece of the furniture. He was 
proud of that bond, too. 

Splat! Now they have split Wood- 
son will travel to San Francisco next 
Sunday, and soon after arriving there 
his one-year contract with the 49ers 
will officially be announced After 
futile and sometimes bitter negoti- 
ations in recent months to keep him a 
Steeler, all of the stinging arrows 
have been slung. The broken hearts 
are left behind. 

“I am no different than any man,” 
Woodson said “I bleed if you cut 
me. I hurt at what you say. I cry if 
something happens to my family." 

Woodson continued: “The new 
way of doing business in the NFL is 
not a pleasant business. Management 
thinks this is a young man's game. 
There is no consideration for what 
you have done, only for what they 
think you can do. 

“After the season, last year, the 
Steelers wouldn’t even talk to me. 
They never looked me in the face and 
said, ‘Rod we don’t think you can 
play anymore.' They finally made a 
low offer that they must have known 
I would refuse, to make me look like 
the guy that was running out of .town. 


there. Right up to now, I wantedRod 
on our team. You can blame it on the 
salary cap. You can blame it on any- 
thing you want I really wish h&^ras - 
finishing his career with us for a lot of 
reasons. It hurts.” 

Woodson is hurt Rooney is hurt 
Steeler fans are hurting. 

So, what happened? It begamvith 
the 1995 regular-season opener. 
Woodson planted himself to tackle 
Barry Sanders, the Lions’ free--: 
wheeling r unnin g back. Pop! Wotxfc* 
son ripped up his right knee, and he 
missed every game the rest of that 
season except for Super Bowl XXX. 
in which he was in for 12 plays during' 
the Steelers' 27-17 loss to the Dallas 
Cowboys in Tempe, Arizona. 

. Last season, Woodson, 6 feet and 
200 pounds, earned $3.4 million in. 
the final year of a three-year deaL 
Before the 1996 season, Woodson, - 
rejected a three-year, $3 million con- 
tract 

“I told the Steelere that I wanted 
this to be my final contract and dial I 
wanted a four- or five-year deal,” 
Woodson said. “They were giving 
me a pay cut and fewer years. I knew 
turning down that deal was a gamble. 

I was willing to take it” 

Did the Steelers believe that 
Woodson simply could not match his 
old standard? 

“There is some truth to that,” 
Rooney said. “But the larger factor 
was we had to invest a lot in the off 
season in signing Jerome Bettis. We 
needed him at running back as a focal 
point for what this team is going to be 
built on. So, the deal we offered Rod 
before the '96 season was unavail- 
able. Things change with time, and 
players don't understand that when 
they turn down offers. 


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Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


EAST DfVTSJON 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Baltimore 

55 

29 

.655 

— 

New YaA 

48 

36 

571 

7 

Detroit 

40 

44 

476 

ts 

Toronto 

39 

43 

-476 

15 

Boston 

38 

47 

447 

lT’O 


CENTRAL DIVISION 



Clevetand 

43 

36 

-544 

— 

Chicago 

42 

43 

-500 

3 1 -, 

Milwaukee 

38 

44 

463 

6-5 

Kansas City 

36 

45 

444 

8 

Minnesota 

37 

47 

440 

B*-» 


WEST DIVISION 



Seattle 

49 

37 

570 

— 

Tens 

43 

41 

532 

5 

Anaheim 

43 

42 

JOS 

5W 

Oakland 

36 

52 

409 

14 



WEST omsroN 



San Francisco 

50 

36 

-581 

— 

LasAngefes 

44 

42 

J12 

6 

Colorado 

43 

44 

J94 

7 '/, 

San Diego 

38 

48 

.442 

12 

mo AY' 3 UNUCOtlS 


AALERTCAN LEAGUE 


Minnesota 

130 

041 202—13 23 0 

Mtaraafeee 

no 

010 

006-110 1 


EA8THVISXM 



w 

L 

Pet. 

GB 

Atlanta 

57 

29 

663 



Florida 

50 

35 

JB8 

6Vi 

New York 

47 

38 

JS3 

9*6 

Montreal 

46 

3V 

-54} 

10'A 

Philadelphia 

24 

60 

386 

32 

CENTRAL DMSKM 



Pittsburgh 

42 

43 

494 

— 

Houston 

42 

45 

,483 

1 

Si. Loub 

41 

44 

-482 

1 

Cincinnati 

38 

47 

M7 

4 

CMcogo 

36 

50 

,419 

6’i 


□Stevens, Trombley (6), Ritchie tSi and 
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(93. W — D. Stevens. 1-2. L— Kort, 2-10. 
HRs— Minnesota Knoblauch 15), Colbrurm 
14), Mecres (83. 

Bdffimre 002 110 000—4 7 0 

Detroit 021 000 000—3 11 0 

Boskle, Rhodes (5). A. Beni fez (8). RoJVlvers 
(0) and Webster; Kengie, Soger (51, HV Myers 
(Bl.Miceli (9) and Casanova. W — Rhodes, 4-2. 
L— Keagle 0-1. 5v— RaJWyets (27). 

HR — Detroit Hamefin IB). 

Batfi mare 413 000 000-8 8 1 

Detroit 052 400 Ota— 11 9 2 

MiJohnsaa MBIs (4), Orosco (51, 

Te-Mothews (7), A. Bender (81 and Laker; 
OH wares. Bautista (33, Broad [61. TaJones 
(9) and BJohnson. W— Bautista 2-2. 

L— Mils, 1-1. Sv-ToJones (123. 

HRs— Detroit B. 1-Hunter Ul, Hametin (9). 
Now York 000 000 000-0 2 0 

Taranto 000 001 0ta—l C 0 

Cone, Lloyd (83 and C-iranfir Gorman 
Escobar (A) and OBnen. W— Escobar, 2-0. 
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Kansas Gly 010 300 020-6 12 7 

Ctevetand Oil 002 Kb— 7 12 1 

Rosado. Pkhatria 18). Casian (81, J. 


Montgomery (8) and Fasamu BrAndereon, 
WL Jackson (93 and 5. Alomar, Banters (93. 
W-BcAnderwn, 3-1. L-Pfchantd 2-4. 

5w— M. Jackson till. HRs— Kansas City, 
Paquette (8). Ctevetand. Thome (23). 

Boston 000 Oil 003—5 8 0 

Chicago 101 120 001—6 9 1 

Support, Wakefield (6), Sbcamb (83 and 
McXeel Hatteberg (9); Alvarez, Karehrter 
IB). R.Hemander (91 and Fabregas. W — R_ 
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HR— Boston. Mock (33. 

Oaktand 101 020 020-6 11 0 

Tems 015 010 QOx— 7 11 0 

Karsay. 0. Johnson (53, Groom (7), Taylor 
(8j and Moynes KHB, Gunderson (73, 
Patterson (01, Vosberg IB), Wettekwid (9) and 
IJtadnguez. W-K. HUl 5-5. L— Karsay, 2-8. 
Sv — WatMand (IS). HRs— Oak. J. McDonald 
(2/. Te», Greer (12J, LStevens (10). 

Secttto NO 420 010-7 9 1 

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Ra Johnson S. Sanders (8) And DaWBson; 
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W— Rajohnson 12-2. L— D. Springer, 4-3. 
HRs— Semite. E. Martinez (16), Sorrento 
(17), Cruz Jr (9). Anaheim, Salman (131, 
Erstad 19) 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

CMcogo 032 001 1(0—9 12 0 

PWtaddpWa 200 IN 000—3 10 0 

Mulhoffand. Baffeafietd (6) and Senroh,- 
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PWsborgh IN ON 211 2—7 10 0 

St. Laois 300 ON 200 0-5 II 0 


F .Cordova Sadawsky fBJ, M.W3kins (9), 
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M. Smith CD. St. Louis, Lankford 073- 

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Morgan, SulBvan (A), Shaw 19) and J. 
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L— Tm-Greene, <M. 5v-5haw (in. 
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Brock, Embrec (6). Bietecki (71, Clonk (8), 
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19). Danl (9) and Fletcher. W— Oantz, 4-1. 
L— Urbina 3-6. s»— Wohlers (19). 

HR-MontreaL R. White 02). 

Florida 200 ON 000-2 8 3 

New York 031 020 BlS-6 0 0 

A.Le(ler. Hutton (5). Helling (7). 
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4. L-A. Lertw. 7-6. Sv— McMkhoel (4). 
HRs — Florida Sheffield (9). New York. 
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Ln Angeles 020 012 000-5 12 0 

San Diego 101 000 000-2 B 0 

Astoda RodhKky (73. Drefiuri (8), 
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Jtn.WltghL Dipolo (6), SJleed (8), M. 


ADVERTISEMENT 



Munoz (8) and Manwaring; Estes. Beck (9) 
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4 5. 5 v— Bede (281. HR-SJ=r. Kent (IS), 

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New York 000 ill 330-8 14 0 

Toronto 000 MO 000-0 6 1 

Potfltte and GkranH; Hentgen Spoljaric (7), 
Ouantrtti (B), Ptesac (8), Anduiar (9) and 
B Janltaga- W — Pettttte, 9-5. L — Hentigea 8- 

A. HR— New York, Ftatder 110). 

BrrtHonre IN 020 200-5 8 0 

Do trait 200 HI 03X-A 8 0 

Mussina Orosco (8). TeJWafhews |8) and 
Webster; Ju. Thompson Mfoefi (8). ToJones 

(9) and Casanova. W— Mkefi. 2-1. 

L— Orosca 2-1. Sv— ToJones (13J. 
HRs — Baltimore, Harnmonds 2 (14), Toroscn 
(5). Detroit Nevtn (4), To.Ctark (223. 
MnUKota BOO BN 100-1 4 0 

MBwaufcee 100 010 Ms-2 5 0 

Raberteart Fr.Radriguez (7) and 
Steinbads Eldred. Wtdunan (B), DoJones 
(9) and Stinnett Mofheny (91. W-Ehhwt 8- 

B. L— Robertson 7-6 Sv-DoJones (20). 
HR — Milwaukee. Voter (23. 

Oaktand 000 000 100-1 3 1 

Tew 102 021 20*— 8 12 0 

Wengert C Reyes (Al and Go-Wmams 
WUt X-Hernandaz (9) and I. Rodriguez. 
W-WRt 10-4. L— Wengert 3-8. 
HRs — Oakland, McGwire (31). Texas. 
JuJSonzotez 2 (20). 

Seattle 100 030 000-4 9 2 

Aredwha ON 1M 031—5 9 1 

Mover, McCarthy (8). Slanders (8), 
Chariton (81 and Da.Wilsore Perisho. Gross 
(AL P. Harris (BL Perdvol (91 and Leyrttz. 
W— Perdvat 3-4. L-Choritorv 2-A. 
HRs — Seattle, Griffey Jr. 003. Anaheim. 
Salman (14). 

IWTKMAL LEAGUE 

Florida IN bib 001-3 12 0 

New York 003 002 Ota-5 11 0 

AJtamandez and Zaun; M.Oarfc, Lttfle (6), 
Acevedo (7). Jo. Franco 19) and Protl W— M. 
□ark, 7-5. L— A. Fernanda. 9-7. 
Sv— JoJ=n»KD (20). HRs— New York, 
Adorno (AL Baerga (4). 

Caterode 010 ON 000-1 6 T 

SraiFnndsca ON IN 01*— 2 8 0 

HotaKS. M. Munoz (8), SJleed (01 and 
JeJteed; Foolkn R. Rodriguez (7L Tavern 
IB). Beck (9) and R. WHUns. W— Tovorez. 2- 
Z L-M. Manor, 1J. Sv— Beck (29). 
HR-Cotaruda Cnsfltki (22). 

Pittsburgh OH ON 310-4 9 2 

St. Loafs ON 101 010-3 9 0 

Lieber. Rtneon (7). Sodomky 16). 
Christiansen (9}. M.WHUns 19} and Kendal L- 
Morris, Fosbos (73. T. JJDtatheiw (B) and 
Laropkln. Otiefice (9). W-Ueb« A-B. 
L— Morris. A-S. Sr— M- WBUns (1). 
HR— Pttts&argtv K. Young (10). 

LMAngrtes 002 ON (B2-7 12 0 

SuDteao ON Nl 002-3 8 2 

l.VOMes, Guthrie (AL HoU (8) and Pksaa. 

Prtnco (9)1 Ashby, TL Wmrtfl (8), P. Smith (9) 
and C Hernandez. W-t. VbWes, 5-9. 
L— Ashby. 4-5. HRs-Los Angeles. Karros 
(20). San Dtega Henderson (5). 


dndaafl ON 000 Ml— I 3 0 

Houston 001 001 00»— 2 4 2 

Mocker, Belinda (8) and J .Oliver KMe. B. 
Wagner (9) and Eusebio. W— Kite, 10-3. 
L— Metther, 6-6. Sv— B. Wtvjnet «1S3. 
HR-Ondnnaft, W.Greene 03). 

Altonta OH OH Ml— 5 B 0 

Montreal ON 003 000-3 8 l 

GtavJne. Wohlers (9) ond JJjopea 
PJ Martinez, NLVaWes (8). Dual (8) and 
Wldger. W-Gfijvrnft 9-4. L-PJJVlarttaez, 
10-4. Sv— Wohlers (20J. HR— Altonta. 
Ch Jones (14). 

Chteoga 023 0M 110—7 9 2 

Philadelphia 002 001 SlX-9 14 0 

Trochsel R. Tatis (A), Wendell (7). 
Palteroon (7), T Adams (7) ond Senate; 
Madura. Games (3), Blarier (6). RJH arris (71, 
Spradlin (8). Bo ha Oca (0) and Lieberthal. 
W — R. Harris 1-3. L— Patterson 1-4. 
Sv— Bottallco (T5). HRs— Chkoga Dwnsfon 
(3). Sandberg (53. Phil. Stocker 03- 


TENNIS 


Wimbledon 


MEN'S SINGLES 
FINAL 

Pete Sampras (3), (JS. det Cedric PUineA- 
4.6-2 A-L 

SEWRNAL 

Cedric PtaUne. France, def. Michael Sikh, 
Germany, A-7 (7-23, A-2 61,67, 6-4 
MEtra DOUBLES 



W 

L 

T 

PcL 

GB 

Yakut! 

46 

26 



639 

_ 

Hiroshima 

35 

33 

— 

J15 

9JJ 

Honshln 

35 

36 

_ 

.493 

105 

Yokohama 

32 

36 


,471 

125 

OiunkhJ 

33 

39 

— 

.451 

135 

Yamluri 

1 

31 41 — 

PACnCIIMHN 

431 

15.0 


w 

L 

T 

Pet. 

GB 

Orta 

39 

24 

1 

619 

— 

Scibii 

38 

30 

2 

-559 

35 

Datel 

38 

33 

— 

535 

55 

Nippon Ham 

34 

38 

— 

672 

95 

Kintetsu 

28 

39 

1 

418 

1X0 

Lotte 

27 

40 

2 

403 

14.0 


MinMrt RESULTS 

CafTRAL LEAGUE 
ChurricN A Yokud 3 
H iros Mma 9, Yokohama 8 
Yamluri 0. HaraMn 3 

PACIFIC LEJKHIE 

Orb 7. Lolte2 
ScBsul Nippon Ham 2 
Kintetsu 11. Date 8 


CENTRAL LEAGUE 
Chunlchi A, Yafcutl 3 
Yamtori 6. Honshln 2 
Yokohama 7, HlroshlmaA 

PACIFIC LEAGUE 

Latte 3. OrixO 

Nippon Ham & Settui 1 

Date! vs. KMetsu, postaoned due to rata. 


BASKETBALL 


Todd Wood bridge, Australia and Mark 
Waadforde (1), Australia def. Wayne Black, 
Zimbabwe, and Jim Grabb, US. 7-A (7-3), 6-4 
3-46-3. 

WOMEN'S SWOLES 
FRIAL 

Mmhna Hingis (1), Switzerland, def. Jana 
Novotna 13), Czech Republic. 2-4 A-X 63. 

WOMEN'S DOUBLES 
FINAL 

Glg( Fernandez. US, and Natasha Zvereva 
(1), Belarus, def. Nicola ArendL United 
States, and Mancn BoHegraf (A), Nether- 
lands. 7-A (7-4). 6-4. 

SEMIFINALS 

Gigi Femtmdez. US, and Natasha Zvereva 
(1), Belarus, def. Sabme Appebnans, BeJ- 
glirm, and Miriam O romans (12J. Netiwr- 
kmdSr 61, 62; Nicole Arendt US. andManon 
Bofiegraf (6), Nettiettomb def. Lortea Nah 
tand, Latvia, and Helena Sukova (4), Czech 
Republic. 61 64 61. 

MOOED DOUBLES 
SEMIFINALS 

Andrei Otttonkly, Russia and Larisa Nef- 
tand (3), Latvia, del. Nell Brood. Britain, and 
Martoan De SwardL South Africa 7-A (9-73. 4. 
6 61 Cyril Suk. Czech Republic, and Helena 
Sukova 14), Czech Republic, dot Grant Con- 
ned Conodaand Lindsey Davenport (3), US. 
3-462,6-3. 

OUARTERFiNALS 

Nefl Broad. Britain, and Martaan De 
SwardL South Africa def. Jahn-Luffnle De 
Jrraec. South Africa and Martina Hingta 
Swttzertand 67. 63. 64 Cyril Suk. Czech 
Republic and Helena Sukova 14), Czech Re- 
pohilc def. Tom Nfissea Netherlands, an d 
Yayuk BasuH Indonesia 61, 64 6-4 

Grant ConneTL Canada and Lindsay Dav- 
enport 0). USb deL Rick Leoch. US, and 
Marion Baltegraf (5), Netherlands, 64. 64. 


Tony Romingec Switzerland, CofkJte, i 5. 
Alex Zuetia SwttzertmNl ONCE, 5t 6. Peter. 
Meinert-Nietsea Denmark. U J. Postal Ser- 
vice 7; 7. RoH Soremea Denmark, ftabobardc, 
KkB. Abraham Otana Spativ Banesto, 1 0; 9. 
Laurent BrodranL Franca Festtna 11# 10 
Christo phe Moreau, France, Fesflna 12. 

OVERALL: l. Mario QpatHnL 1 

Chris Boadmaa 10 seconds behind; 3. Jan ' 
UDrtdL 12; 4. Tony Rominger, 1&5. Abraham 
Otana 2ft 6. Tam Sleets. Beigtara, MapeLZZ; 
7. Servals Knaven, 25; B. Erik Defdcer, 27; 9. 
Oscar Cmnenzlnd 27; 10. Franck Vanden- 
bmicie 28. 


World Cup 


FINAL. 3D LEG 
Australia 2, New Zealand 


ChOeACMombia t 

World Youth Cup 


■ ■ t. 


FINAL 

Argentina 2 Uruguay 1 

XL«h PLACES 

Irriand 2, Ghana 1 


. . „» ■ 

lY 




Irish Opeh 


Loading scores Sunday attar the Aral round 
of the Irish open m the 6382-yard par-71 
Druids Gtwi Go8 Club: 

C. Montgomerie, Scotland, 68-7049-62-^ 
L Westwood England, 65-69- 7U-72-276 

NICkFaMa EngkawL 69-73-68-68-278 

Ian Woasnam. Wants. 71-70-7669-280 
Michael Janzoa Sweden, 72-64-7669^280 
JMCKazabaL Spain, 74-71-6671-281 

Dontei Chopra Sweden 71-69-71 -72-283 
David Tapping, England, 72-6849-76283 
Wayne Westner. S. Africa 70-70-70-73-283 
P. Harrington. Ireland. 71-72-71-69-283 


BMUUtD WC. AOSnullA 
THBHt TEST. «TM DAY 
SUNDAY, in MANCHESTER ENGLAND 
England 162 and 130-5 
Aostraficc 235 and 3968 


European Championship 


Yugoslavia 88. Greece 80 

OUARTERFINALS 
Russia 7a Spain o7 
Italy 64 Turkey 43 

llttiPtm 

Croatia 10 a Germany ra 

Mb mao 

Israel 91. France U 

CONSOLATION 
Lhhiianto 74 Poland 55 
Spain 84 Turkey Bl 


Tour de France 


■iini.ni 

Canadian Football 


FRIMrS RESULT 
Edmonton 24. Sa^atehcwnn IB 


Laadtaaptediiga Sunday in the 192km t«l 
tango from Ration to Forget-LM- Earn : 

1 . Marta ClpoBni, Holy. Saeca 4 hours. 39 

minute* 59 seconds 2. Tom SfeefbBelgtuin, 

MapeL same Kme 3. Frederic Moncassln 
Franca GAN, sj.- 4 . Enk Zafata Germany, 
Triekam. stj 5. Robbie McEwen, Ausrralla 
Rabobank, s.lj 6 Nindas Jatobert France. 
CafWeis S.L 7. Gordon Freaes, Canada 
MutueBe Seine *t Mona sJj 8. Nicola MK- 
nofl. Italy. Batik. s.W 9. Francois Simon. 

Franca GAN, sJj 1(L Marie TraversOfri. Holy. 
MercataneUnas.t. 

Lading placing* Saturday. In die Prx>- 

taguo tan of Um Tour De France: 

I- Chris Boordnwn, Britaia GAN, 8 mfav 
uteS, 20.90 second* 1 Jon Ullrich. Germany, 
Tetakota 2 seconds behind.- X Yevgeny 
Beftirv Rusmo. Bal*. S seconds bohbut l 


BAniNDAY, M JOHAMC&S8UH3 

Africa 35. British Lions 16 

The Uons wm the sates 2-1, 




AMERICA N LEAGUE. J W Lr 

BOSTON -Optioned LHP Ron Mahay to 1-F.f 

Pawtucket IL Adhroted LHP Steve Avwy ' ‘ 
from l6day drsabied list , ; . 

MILWAUKEE -Activated OF Mac New ,. 

Md from 16day disabled BA Optioned INF r • 

Anton* WBBamsan lo Twsaa PCL. , - 

. NATIONAL LEAGUE , 

Atlanta -Activated OF Kenny Lofton- » . v 
'5-day dhabted list. Designed OF 1 • . 
Pwiny BaulfsitJ Cor assJQnmenf. 



D «WNAh 

being 

defen 












(J&O 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 7, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 


faced 

Cojlipany 

and I have made 
ry heart” 

/one in changio E 
end Neil Smith 

1 ? an Conference 

Kansas City 
r Broncos. 
George is also in 

» Oakland Raider 
agham leaves the 
d returns to p ro 
sack for the Min- 

ew' homes, too. 
Pareells’ karma 
>e New England 
and Bobbv Ross 

San Diego Char- 

J0QS. 

few splits, have 
and as testy as 
of the Steelers. 
Harris went to 
:most difficult.” 
re Steelers’ own- 
ar running back, 
h Rod is right up 

a bond 
as if it 
rever. 


6w, I wanted Rod 
an blame it on the 
i blame it on jny- 
jally wish he was 
with us for a lot of 

u Roonev is hurt, 
■ting. 

ed? It began with 
‘-season opener, 
himself to tackle 
he Lions' free- 
>ack- Pop! Wood- 
ight knee, and he 
e the rest of that 
»uper Bowl XXX. 
or 12 plays during 
loss to the Dallas 
*, Arizona, 
ipdson. 6 feet and 
d S3.4 million in 
a three-year deal, 
icason, Wood><>n. 
ar, S3 million con- 

iers that 1 wanted 
contract and that I 
• five-year deal." 
They were su ing 
iwer years*. I knew 
deal was a gamble, 
ke it.” 

ers believe that 
ould not mutch his 

« truth to that." 
tl the larger factor 
esr a lot in the 
ferome Bettis. We 
ling back as a focal 
team is going to be 
;aJ we offered Rod 
ison was unavail- 
gc with time, and 
erstand that when 
fers.” 


I Cufifls- * S 
ICE. * » Pew 
l.s. 


panes' 11 Wf* 

Fesfina "■ 10 
‘ejtina 12 
l&iu- J ■* W: 1 
behind: 3 Jo" 
U 5 . Ahralwo 1 
, urn WO** 3 * 

rone* 


World Cup 

(tftiBii jour 

FINAL. 20 LEO 

ris el**- 

SSvoUTHSi 

FINAL 

•, Uruguay i M 

34 PLACES 

Oam > 


aaomtiso- 5 
235 aati 39S - 8 


jbbay.w ***** 
eUanM*#** 


Clemens First to Get to 13 

Blue Jay Stops the Yankees on 4 Hits , 2-0 


The Asm-rated Press 

Roger Gemens became the Amer- 
ican League's first 13-game winner. 


pitching a four-hitter Sunday as the Blue 
Jays beat the New York Yankees 2-0 to 
split the four-gome series in Toronto. 


• Gemens (1 3-3) had 1 0 strikeouts and 
ode -walk in his first shutout since he 
struck out 20 Detroit Tigers in a 4-0 

. . AL Ro undup 

.y victory on Sept 18, 1996. Clemens, who 
■'hasn’t won this many games since 1992 
with Boston, lowered his league-lead- 
ing ERA to 1.69 in his fourth complete 
game of the season. 

_ : Ramiro Mendoza (3-4) pirched well 
in defeat, allowing two runs on six hits 
over 7 Vi innings. He struck out four and 
walked four as the Yankees head into 
the All-Star break with a 48-37 record, 
tops among AL wild-card contenders. 

'Indians 8 Royals 7 Marquis Grissom 
hit an RBI single in the bottom of the 
eighth inning, giving host Cleveland an 
8-7 victory and a three-game sweep 
over Kansas City, the Royals’ eighth 
straight loss. 

Cleveland's catcher, Sandy Alomar, 
extended his hitting streak to 30 games, 
the longest in the league in 10 years, 
with an infield single in the second. 
jkX itgsrs 14, Orioles 9 Brian Johnson 
TSada homer and three RBIs, and Travis 
Fryman also homered as Detroit beat 
Baltimore, its third straight victory after 
11 straight losses to the Orioles. 

. Scott Erickson (11-4) had the worst 
start of his career for Baltimore, al- 
lowing all 12 runs, 11 earned, and 10 
hits in 4V6 innings. 

. In games played Saturday: 

tatians 8, Royals 4 Pat Borders, play- 
ing because Sandy Alomar was given 
the day off, had three hits. Charles Nagy 
(9*4) got the victory, allowing four runs 
and six hits in seven innings. 

White Sox 11, Red Sox a Tony Pena 
drove in four runs and Mike Cameron 
knocked in three to lead host Chicago. 
Frank Thomas, who will miss Tues- 
-.Tjiay’s All-Star game because of sore rib 
muscles, hit his 17th homer leading off 
the fifth. 

Yankees 8, Blue Jays 0 Andy Pettitte 
pitched a six-hitter for his first career 
shutout and Cecil Fielder hit his 299th 
career homer. Pettitte (9-5) struck out 
six and walked two in his fourth com- 
plete game of the season, winning for 
the first time in his last five starts. 

Tigers 6, Orioles 5 Pinch-hitter Phil 
Nevjn hit a two-run homer for host 
Detroit and Travis Fryman scored the 
winning run bn a wild pitch during an 
intentional walk. Baltimore's starter, 
Mike Mussina, matched his career-high 


with 14 strikeouts and left with a 5-3 
lead after Brian Hunter singled to lead 
off the eighth. 

Brewers z, twins i Cal Eldred pitched 
seven innings of three-hit ball as the 
host Brewers snapped a five-game los- 
ing streak. The Twins, who ripped 
Brewers pitching for 23 hits Friday, 
managed only two singles through the 
first six innings off Eldred (8-8). 

Rangers B, Athletics 1 Juan Gonzalez 

homered twice and drove in six runs and 
Bobby Win allowed three hits over 
eight innings as the host Rangers won 
their fourth straight. 

Gonzalez hit a two-run homer off 
Don Wengen (3-8) and also reached 
Carlos Reyes for a two- run shot. 

Win (10-4) allowed just one hit 
through the first six innings — Mark 
McGwire’s single — before McGwire 
hit the second longest homer in the 
history of The Ballpark in the seventh. 
The bail traveled 449 feet < 136 meters) 
into the club level of the stands, only the 
fourth ball ever hit that far. McGwire 
leads the majors with 31 homers. 

Angels 5, Mariners 4 Gary DiSarcina 
singled home the winning run in the 
ninth inning as the host Angels snapped 
a three-game losing streak. Todd Greene 
led off the bottom of the ninth with an 
infield single off Norm Charlton (2-6) 
and pinch runner Orlando Palmeiro 
moved to second on Craig G re beck's 
sacrifice. Charlton then balked Palmeiro 
to third before DiSarcina's single. 

■ Yankees Call Off 5-Player Swap 

The New York Yankees said they 
were calling off their six-player trade 
with San Diego after the Padres' slug- 
ging outfielder, Greg Vaughn, failed his 
physical examination, Reuters reported 
from Toronto. 





Juden Wins 6th in Row 
As Expos Avoid a Sweep 



7*% S v 
% ■ 


.■'W* 






fetf -■ .V 4 





A*nC Kitkiy/llfiUfT. 

Hie Orioles' Mike Mussina firing in a pitch against the Tigers. Both teams 
wore commemorative uniforms of Negro League teams from their cities. 


The Assaauted Press 

Jeff Juden allowed six hits in his sixth 
straight victory, and Vladimir Guerrero 
homered and had three RBIs as the 
Montreal Expos ended a four-game los- 
ing streak by beating the Atlanta Braves 
by 6-2 on Sunday. 

The Expos avoided their First-ever 
four-game sweep by the Braves, and 
snapped a six-game losing streak 
against Atlanta while slopping the 
Braves’ five-game winning streak. 

Juden (11-2) and struck out 11 and 
walked one in his fourth complete game 

Wt ftQUHPUP 

of the season and fifth of his career. He 
has allowed 1 2 earned runs in 49 innings 
over his last six starts, a 2.20 ERA. 

Guerrero broke a 2-2 tie with a two- 
run shot off Denny Neagle (12-2) in 
sixth inning. He also had an RBI single 
in a two-run seventh. 

In games played Saturday: 

Mats 5, Marlins 3 Edgardo AlfonZO. 

who extended his career-high bitting 
streak to 18 games, and Carlos Baerga 
each hit a solo home run to lead the New 
Mets. 

Mark Clark (7-5). who had lost three 
of his previous four decisions, was the 
winner, going 5% innings and allowing 
two runs on 10 hits. John Franco pitched 
the ninth for his 20th save in 24 op- 
portunities, allowing one run. 

Giants 2, Rockies 1 Jeff Kent's RBI 
single broke an eighth-inning tie and 
gave host San Francisco the victory over 
Colorado, which has lost all five of its 
games in July. 

Jose Vizcaino led off the eighth with 
a liner to left-center off Mike Munoz ( 1- 
3) that he stretched into a double. Stan 


Here’s Who Made the Grade During the Season’s First Half 


By Mark Maske 

Wjshingian Post Service 

WASHINGTON — As the All-Star 
break arrives, the most significant 
first-half trend this year has been the 
pitching revival. 

The eamed-run average for all ma- 
jor-league baseball teams before Fri- 
day's games was 4.37, down from 4.60 
last season. There had been 1 ,99 home 
runs hit per major-league game this 
year, a 9 percent decrease from the 
average of 2.19 hit in each contest in 
the record-setting season of 1996. 

Here’s one first-half report card: 


Most surprising team: The Pitts- 
burgh Pirates. They've turned a tiny $9 
million player payroll into a contender 
in the everyone ’s-aiming-for-.500 Na- 
tional League Central. 

Most disappointing team: The 
Toronto Blue Jays. They signed pitch- 
er Roger Clemens and catcher Benito 
Santiago as free agents and grabbed 
right fielder Orlando Merced and 
second baseman Carlos Garcia during 
the Pirates’ off-season fire sale. But 
Juan Guzman and fellow starter Erik 
Hanson have been hurt The offense 
has been terrible. 

NL most valuable player: Lany 


Walker, Colorado Rockies. Tony 
Gwynn is making a run at .400, but 
Walker has been close to .400 and 
leads the league in home runs, runs, 
total bases and on-base and slugging 
percentages. 

AL most valuable player: Ken Grif- 
fey Jr.. Seattle Mariners. Griffey, albeit 
with plenty of help, has the Mariners in 
first place, and he's doing it both of- 
fensively and defensively. 

NL Cy Young Award: Pedro Mar- 
tinez, Montreal Expos. He had an eight- 
game winning streak in April and May 
and still had a 1.74 ERA with 10 vic- 
tories and 1 54 strikeoutsafter Saturday’s 


loss to the Braves. Atlanta's ace-once - 
again, Greg Maddux, and No. 4 starter. 
Denny Neagle, aren't far behind. 

AL Cy Young Award: Randy John- 
son, Mariners. The ’95 Cy Young win- 
ner is back to being the most over- 
powering pitcher in baseball and gets 
the ever-so-slight nod over Clemens. 

NL manager of the half-year Felipe 
Alou, Expos. His bargain-basement 
franchise is within shouting distance of 
first place. 

AL manager of the half-year: Davey 
Johnson, Baltimore Orioles. The re- 
vamped Birds have been baseball's 
best club. 


Javier singled to right, sending Vizcaino 
to third. One out later, Steve Reed came 
in to face Kent, who lined a single to left 
to knock in the go-ahead run. 

JulianTavarez(2-2)got one out in the 
eighth for the victory. Rod Beck pitched 
the ninth for his NL- leading 29th save as 
the Giants won their third straight. 

Dodgers 7, Padres 3 Ismael Valdes 
threw five shutout innings before he was 
injured running out a ground ball in die 
sixth, and Eric Karros drove in three runs 
to lead visiting Los Angeles. Valdes (5- 
9) allowed rwo hits and struck out three. 

Karros's RBI single in the second 
gave the Dodgers a 1-0 lead, and his 
two-run homer in the ninth, his 20th. 
made it 7-1. San Diego’s Rickey Hen- 
derson collected his 2,500th career hit 
with an RBI bloop single in the sixth off 
reliever Mark Guthrie. 

Pirates4,Cardiruds 3 Turner Ward had 
the First four-hit game of his career and 
drove in the tie-breaking run for visiting 
Pittsburgh, which extended its winning 
streak to a season-high six games. 

Tony Womack drove in two runs for 
the Pirates, who have taken the first three 
games of the series to regain sole pos- 
session of first place in the NL Central. 

Phillies 9, Cubs 7 Kevin Stocker and 
Scon Rolen combined for five RBIs as 
host Philadelphia snapped an 1 1-game 
losing streak. 

Rolen went 2-for-4 and drove in rwo 
runs, including the game-winner in 
Philadelphia’s five-run seventh, while 
Stocker went 3-for-4 with a homer, 
three RBIs and two runs scored. 

Astros 2, Reds i Houston’s Darryl 
Kile lost a bid for his second career no- 
hirter with two out in the eighth inning 
when Deion Sanders lined a single to 
right field. The loss ended a season-high 
five-game winning streak for the vis- 
iting Reds. 

Sanders hit an 0- 1 pitch to end the no- 
hit bid. Kile, who had a no-hitter against 
the New York Mets on SepL 8, 1 993. in 
Houston, then struck out Curtis Good- 
win for his 12th strikeout to match his 
career-high. 

Kile (10-3). who walked four, al- 
lowed a ieadoff homer to Willie Greene 
in the ninth inning and was replaced by 
Billy Wagner, who got three outs for his 
15th save. 

Braves 5, Expos 3 Chipper Jones hit 
his second career grand slam and Tom 
Glavine pitched eight strong innings as 
Atlanta held on for its fifth straight 
victory and 10th in 1 1 games. 

Jones, who hit a grand slam on June 25 
off the Mets' Bobby Jones, gave Atlanta 
a 4-0 lead in the third inning, connecting 
off Pedro Martinez ( 10-4). Glavine (9-4) 
won his third straight decision despite a 
three-run Montreal sixth. 


TysonFaced With Global Suspension 

Boxer Would Need Judge’s Permission to Fight in Another Country 


By Dave Anderson 

New York Tuna Service 

TEW YORK — In an Indianapolis 
jP!k| courtroom on March 26, 1992, as 
HL Mike Tyson awaited sentencing 
for his rape conviction. Judge Patricia 
Gifford questioned him about his 
thoughts on being a role model. 

"Do you believe,” Gifford asked the 
boxer, then 25, at one point, "that it's 
necessary to, for lack of a better word, 
conform your behavior to certain stan- 
dards and neons if you are, in fact, a role 
model?" 

"Absolutely,” Tyson said. 

"You accept that responsibility?”. 


‘‘Absolutely," Tyson said. 

Now, with Tyson about to be sus- 
pended by the Nevada State Athletic 
Commission for his disqualification 
after biting both of Evander Holyfield’s 

Vantaoe Point 


1 ears in their heavyweight title fight, his 
courtroom conversation with Gifford 
five years ago looms as more mean- 
ingful ftinn ever. 

ff not on probation for his rape con- 
viction, Tyson would be free to go to 
an wjhuEf rarwintry to fight while under sus- 
pedsion in Nevada and any other state. 

■ But because Tyson is on probation . 
until Mart* 25, 1999, he would need 
Gifford’s permissionto leave the United 
States to fight anywhere else. 

Whatever the length of Tyson’s sus- 
pension in Nevada, possibly 18 months, 
thenew federal boxing law, which took 
effect last Tuesday, requires that if an- 


other state commission wanted to lift 
Nevada’s suspension, it would need to 
consult with, and notify the Nevada 
commission. In the public uproar over 
Tyson’s biting, it's doubtful, even in 
boxing, that any other state would dare 
to license Tyson. 

But if TysOD were not on probation, 
be could fight in another country, say 
Mexico, that was willing to ignore 
Nevada’s ban. 

Muhammad Ali once went else- 
where. After he had wobbled through 10 
weak rounds against Lany Holmes in 
1980, he couldn’t get a boxer's license 
from any state commission. But the 
Bahamas gladly licensed Ali for his 
final fight, a 10- round loss to Trevor 
Berbick late in 1981. 

And if Tyson were not on probation, 
his promoter, Don King, would have 
already lined up three fights for him 
somewhere, anywhere. 

"But to leave the country,” Tyson's 
probation officer, George Walker, said 
from Indianapolis the other day, “he 
would have to seek permission from the 
court" Meaning Gifford’s courtroom. 

Biting another boxer's ears, and spit- 
ting out the tip of Holyfield’s right ear, 
would not seem to 'conform to what 
Gifford, in her 1992 courtroom con- 
versation with Tyson, considered * ‘cer- 
tain standards and norms” for a role 
model. 

So if Gifford were to deny Tyson 
permission to leave the country, 
Nevada's suspension would really be a 
world suspension. 

The irony of what might turn out to be 
Tyson’s boxing death wish occurred in 
Las Vegas five nights after he talked 


about how, of all the former heavy- 
weight champions, he identified mostly 
with Sonny Liston, who died in 1970 in 
Las Vegas of a heroin overdose at the 
age of 38. 

Just as Tyson did three years in an 
Indiana prison for rape, Liston, once a 
labor goon, did tune in the Jefferson 
City, Missouri, penitentiary before he 
dethroned Floyd Patterson as the heavy- 
weight champion in 1962. 

"This might sound morbid and grim 
biit 1 pretty much identify with him,” 
Tyson said of Liston in a rambling con- 
versation with boxing writers nearly 
two weeks ago. "He just wanted people 
to love and respect him, but you can’t 
make people love and respect you. You 
just have to be who you are.” 

F OR BETTER or for worse, Tyson 
is \yho be is, just as Charles 
(Sonny) Liston was who he was. 
After Liston lost the. heavyweight 
title in 1964 to the then Cassius Clay 
while sitting on his stool with an alleged 
damaged shoulder after the seventh 
round in Miami, their rematch was 
scheduled for Boston. 

But after Ali’s hernia postponed the 
fight, Massachusetts decided not to 
sanction iL 

In the eventual rematch in Lewiston, 
Maine, in 1965. Liston was a first-round 
loser, knocked down by Ali’s looping 






After the closest fini^lpsjt 
meet again in Clevelsilif^ 









AMeXak SeanafA**n* FWnoe-P*"* 

DOWN ANQ OUT— Marty Jakubowski of the Unified States reeling 
flftn r h tfng .knocked in the 7th round by Khahd Rahilou of France^ 

who defended his WBA junior welterweight tide in Casablanca. 


considered a "phantom” punch. After 
confusion over the count by the referee, 
Jersey. Joe Walcott, the fight was 
stopped with Liston on his feet 

"He was absolutely a great fighter," 
Tvson said of Liston. "He may have got 
a "raw deal, but we all write chit own 
books in life. Most of the time we bring 
trouble on ourselves." 

In Liston's final fight, six months 
before his death on Dec. 30, 1970, he 
stopped Chuck Wepner, the Bayonne 
Bleeder, in the Jersey City Armory. 

But even as the heavyweight cham- 
pion who had destroyed Patterson in 
two first-round knockouts, Liston had 
been refosed a boxer’s license in New 
York, then the most respected state 
commission, because of his c rimin al 
record and alleged criminal ccnnec- 
tioi)S. 

Now Tyson is due to be suspended 
and might be fined the maximum 10 
percent of his $30 million puree, 
pending the outcome of Wednesday’s 
hearing by die Nevada commission. 

For Tyson to identify with Sonny 
Us ton isn’t stnprising. Tyson grew up 
in the streets of Brownsville, where 
thugs and drug dealers were neighbor- 
hood celebrities. 

Part of his attraction to Don King was 
the promoter’s having done time in 
Ohio for manslaughter. 

But if and when Mike Tyson seeks 
permission to leave foe county to fight 
his ear-biting of Holyfield isn’t very ' 
likely to conform to Gifford's standards , 
and norms for a role model. 


13 Jttfft LIVE, 

PPG CART World Series, 
Cleveland 

The temporary road course at 
Burke Airfield hosts the tenth 
round of the Championship 


7-27 July; LIVE, 

The Tour de France 
The 198 riders who Bned up at 
the start of the race wfli be 
settling down as the race heads 
towards Pair in the Pyrenese 


7 Jut* LIVE, IAAF Grand 
Prbc 1, Stockholm 
Stockholm host one of the most 
important one day meetings of 
the season 


9 - 13 July, LIVE, 

The Redo Swiss Open, 
Qstaad 

Yevgeny Kafelnikov and 
Mareelo Rios head the rankings 
for “Wimbledon in the Alps" 


B'fc. 




















p3 








CRICKETAustralia Is Poised p. 1 8 RUGBY South Africa and Britain Battle p. 1 8 BOXING Tyson Waits p.l 9 


World Roundup 


A Roaring Finish 
For Montgomerie 


GOLF Colin Montgomerie began 
preparations for the British Open in 
two weeks with a stunning defense 
of his Irish Open title Sunday. 

Montgomerie, three strokes be- 
hind Lee Westwood’s third-round 
total of 9- under- 204 at the start of 
die day, played nearly perfect golf 
as be fired a blistering course- 
record 9-under-62 to power past 
Westwood for a 7-stroke victory. 

Montgomerie shot one eagle 


and eight birdies — including four 
out of five from the short eighth — 
to finish on 1 5-nnder-269 at Druids 
Glen Golf Club in Dublin West- 
wood, unable to maintain the form 
which had given him the lead for 
the first three rounds, shot 1-over 
and finish second on 276. (AP) 
• Tiger Woods pumped his fist 
after sinking a lengthy birdie putt 
to tie for the third-round lead at the 
Western Open in Lemon t, Illinois. 
Woods’s finish left him tied with 
Loren Roberts (66) and Justin Le- 
onard (72) at nine-under 207 with 
one round to go. ( Reuters) 


Russians Take Third 


basketball Russia picked up 
third-place in the European Bas- 


ketball Championship Sunday, 
walking over Greece. 97-77, in a 


walking over Greece, 97-77, in a 
consolation game in Barcelona 
The triumph was bittersweet for a 
Russian team that had its eyes set 
on facing the defending champion 
Yugoslavia, which met Italy in the 
final on Sunday nighL But Italy 
slipped into the title game after 
defeating Russia in the semi- 
finals. (AP) 


‘Backdoor Money 9 


athletics The former world 
record holders Steve Cram and 
Derek Ibbotson and the Olympic 
champion Chris Brasher have ad- 
mitted taking money to race when 
they were amateur athletes. 

“It was all backdoor money, 
brown envelopes, that sort of 
thing," said Brasher, who was 
Olympic steeplechase champion 
in 1956. The three Britons make 
their admissions in a BBC radio 
program due to go out on Wednes- 
day. (Reuters) 


New Coach for Flyers 


hockey Wayne Cashman, an 
assistant coach with the San Jose 
Sharks, will be hired as head 
coach of the Philadelphia Flyers 
on Monday, the Philadelphia 
Daily News reported. (AP) 


A Bid for Baggio 


soccer The English side 
Derby County has made a multi- 
million dollar bid for Roberto 
Baggio. Italy's Gazzetta dello 
Sport newspaper reported Sunday 
that Derby was prepared to spend 
27 billion lire ($16 million) to sign 
Baggio from AC Milan. (Reuters) 


What Boxing Bays 


boxing Despite the negative 

f ublicity generated when Mike 
yson twice bit Evander Holy- 
field before being disqualified in 
last week’s WBA heavyweight 
championship bout. Las Vegas re- 
mains positive about boxing for 
one simple reason: money. 

The final numbers are not in yet 
for the pay-per-chew telecast, but 
it most likely will gross from S90 
million to $95 million, according 
to a spokesman for Showtime. The 
sellout live gate at the MGM 
Grand Garden grossed more than 
$14 million, and the MGM sold 
out two closed-circuit telecasts for 
$75 per seat 

It's estimated the fight gener- 
ated SS.9 million more in nongam- 
ing revenue for the city than the 
same weekend a year ago. (WP) 


Sports 


MONDAY, JULY 7-19*7 


Wimbledon Hails Sampras Again 


Victory Over Pioline Is American 's 1 Oth Grand Slam Title 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 


WIMBLEDON, England — By the 
sixth minute, it was clear that they were 
arguing about entirely different topics. 

No. 1 Pete Sampras was trying to win 
his 10th Grand Slam title, which would 
move him within reach of the all-time 
greats. Cedric Pioline. on the other 
band, was merely trying co hold serve in 
the third game. He did dol 

It took Sampras 94 minutes on Sun- 
day to finish off his fourth Wimbledon 
singles title in five years, 6-4, 6-2,. 6-4. 
Only three players have won the tour- 
nament more times. By this time next 
year Sampras may have moved past his 
boyhood idol. Rod Laver, and into a tie 
with Bjorn Borg, who holds the post- 
World War I record of five Wimbledon 


with just one Grand Slam title in the last 
six years, then where will that leave 
Sampras? Though he will turn only 26 
next month, Sampras became the oldest 
Wimbledon singles champion since 
1982, when Jimmy Connors was 29. 

Although Becker, Borg, John 
McEnroe and Stefan Ed berg all retired 
or suffered decline by the time they 
were his age, Saznpras himself indicated 
he was peaking — that this was bis best 

S nrfoimance yet in a major tournament. 

e held serve in all but two of 118 
games. "1 don't think I’ve ever played 
so consistent,’' be said. 

He ignored the downfall of the others. 
He also said that Connors, who went on 
lowintheU.S. Open at 31, would be his 
role model for the second half of his 


S ampra s, including the 1993 U.S. Open 
fjpaf and be just never had a chance 
after losing serve in the third game. 
Each of his little victories on Sunday 
was punished ruthlessly. In the final 
game of the first set, after winning the 
day’s longest “rally” (seven strokes) 
with a lob that stood him a couple of 
points from breaking even, Pioline was 
served out by Sampras, who had 17 aces 
overall. 

The 28-year-old Parisian maintained 
a high, teeth-clencbed level four games 
into the middle set, after which Sampras 
decided, with some ambivalence, to 
break him twice. 

Pioline thought he was getting some- 
where when he took Sampras to deuce 
early in the final set, only to have his 
own serve snapped at love in the third 
game. In die seventh game, after 87 
minutes, Pioline actually threatened, 
thoagh in vain, with a break point. “I 
started thinking about the actual cham- 
pionship.” Sampras explained after- 
wards, no malice intended. 

For three miserable months. Sampras 
had won just three of nine matches 
before something deep was stirred with- 
in him at Wimbledon. He may seem 
gentle, even dull, to the fans who have 
grown to respect him; but to Pioline he 
must have looked fearsome. 

“He’s playing very good, but, I 
mean, it’s not God,” Pioline said of 
Sampras. “I think I can improve my 
game and maybe next time do better, 
and I have to believe in that.” 

So most the rest of the world. But if 
it's revenge they're wanting, they’d bet- 
ter go looking for it in Cincinnati. Han- 
nover or Key Biscayne — not Wimble- 
don. 


World War I record of five Wimbledon 
championships. 

“To have woq 10 by the age of 25 is 
something 1 never really thought would 
happen,” Sampras said of his collection 
of major titles. ‘ ‘This is what’s going to 
keep me in the game, 1 hope, for a lot of 
years, the major tournaments. I put so 
much pressure on myself to do well 
here. It makes it all worth it, all the hard 
work I put into the game.” 

This title seemed to belong to 
Sampras when he beat Boris Becker in 
the quarterfinal last week, a victory so 
thorough that Becker announced his re- 
tirement from Grand Slam te nnis during 
their handshake at the neL “The Becker 
match was the big match for me — it 
was the one I feared the most, * ' Sampras 
said 

That match, in particular, put 
Sampras on a higher, more hazardous 
plane. If Becker was washed up at 29, 


career. 

His 10th major title (out of 12 Grand 
Slam finals overall) puts Sampras even 
with Bill Tiiden. Borg and Laver — who 
was sidelined for a half-decade until the 
Grand Slams were opened to profes- 
sionals in 1968 — had 11 such titles. 
Roy Emerson of Australia holds the 
record of 12. 

Sampras leaves little doubt that this is 
his magic number, his c han ce to become 
known as the greatest player of them all, 
provided he can win die French Open to 
complete his Grand Slam collection. 
“To have won 10, it just makes me feel 
that 12 is something that’s so much 
more realistic, that I can break the re- 
cord," Sampras said. 

To be fair to his victim. No. 44 Pioline 
did not play badly. He was the first 
Frenchman finalis t since 1946. when 


Yvon Petra became the last champion to 
wear long trousers. Pioline had lost all 


wear long trousers. Pioline had lost all 
seven of his previous meetings with 



T he World’ 






t hi* 






^dcmonstral 




7De 


By Ste 

it 




Pete Sampras leaping Sunday to hit a return to Cedric Pioline of France, 


Krrw LuamjWRruttr!* jk 

ne of France. 



Hingis Is Tourney’s Youngest Champ in 110 Years 


By Ian Thomsen 

Iniernativnal Herald Tribune 



0m \ 

v ••• » 



■ m? / 


WIMBLEDON, England — * ‘Maybe 
I’m too young to win this title,” said 
Martina Hingis, 16 years and 9 months 
old, after becoming the youngest 
Wimbledon singles champion of the 
century. 

She won her second Grand Slam title 
of the year with a 2-6, 6-3. 6-3 victory 
over No. 3 Jana Novotna on Saturday. 
The only singles champion younger 
than Hingis was Lottie Dod, who was 15 


years and 285 days old when sbe won 
Wimbledon in 1887. 


thiik lAahinli/Apitt Kru u r ft w 

Martina Hingis and her trophy. 


Wimbledon in 1887. 

Hingis was 5 years old when Novotna 
started trying to win Wimbledon. All of 
Novotna’s advantages — her age and 
strength at 28. her affinity for the grass 
conn — showed in the first four games, 
which she won. She took the first set. 


then looked like she might win the 
match in straight sets to win her first 
major title and overturn the memories of 
her crying on the Duchess of Kent’s 
shoulder four years ago, after she had let 
the Wimbledon title slip away to Steffi 
Graf. The first set and a half on Saturday 
seemed like her revenge for that sting- 
ing loss. 

“I felt like a beginner out there,” said 
Hingis, the fust Swiss woman to win 
Wimbledon. 

Then the audience began noticing 
Hingis, almost taking pride in her re- 
siliency, as if they were parents real- 
izing that their little girl was a little girl 


sixth game of the second set, the match 
was basically even. Hingis finished her 
off by coming forward herself, attack- 
ing. taking what she had synthesized 
from Novotna in the previous hour and 


using it against her. 
This time Novorn 


no longer. Sbe began standing up for 
herself by holding serve. Next she lined 


herself by holding serve. Next she lined 
up her passes and shot them into die 
comers as if trying to run. a billiards 
table. 

When Novotna was broken in the 


This time Novotna did not “choke,” 
as she has done notoriously in die past 
She was overtaken by a champion com- 
ing into bloom. Hingis has won 44 of her 
45 matches this year, bat this was the 
first victory to put her in the class of her 
diminished rivals, Graf and Monica 
Seles. 

Afterward, the two native-Czech 
players chatted on court as if nothing 
special had happened. Novotna, who 
said she had been limited by a pulled 
abdominal muscle, seemed relieved to 
have lost with dignity; Hingis walked 
around the floor of Centre Court with 
the large silver plate like the teenager 


she is. the one who grew up believing - 
she would become the Wimbledon 
champion someday. 

“I saw a couple of times that Steffi 
was doing it on TV when I watched her, 
so I was just trying to make the same 
thing," Hingis said of her victory lap. 
“All the people they stand up, and I 
almost felt to cry. because if really 
happened to me.” 

Novotna asked to hold foe winner’s 
trophy for a moment, as a joke, before 
Hingis grabbed it back from her. 
“Mine,” Hingis said, playing out her 
part, and she gave the silver plate a hug 
as if it were a teddy bear. Watching from 
the audience was the champion's moth- 
er, Melanie Molitor, her hands pressed 
together softly under her chin, and a 
finger poshing away a tear so she could 
see more clearly her little girl, the new 
queen of tennis. 


oi 


0ff-R 


Cipollini Leads Tour After Crash-Marred First Stage 


By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 


FORGES LES EAUX, France — A 
mass crash on a narrow road in Nor- 
mandy about 11 kilometers from foe 
finish line shook up the Tour de France 
on Sunday and left a few of its early 
favorites, like the defending champion, 
□ear foe back of foe pack. 

This was only foe first of 21 daily 
stages before the bicycle race wends its 
way to the finish in Paris, so nothing that 
happened Sunday is written in fast-set- 


ting cement. 
For exam 


For example. Mario Cipollini, foe 
dominating Italian sprinter, will cer- 
tainly not be wearing the overall lead- 
er's yellow jersey when foe 3,950-ki- 
lometer (2,450-miie) journey is done 
because there are many mountains 
ahead and he is a man of the plains. 

But after foe 192 kilometers that the 
Tour covered Sunday in sunny and hot 
weather, there he was, pulling the em- 
blem of overall leadership over his head. 
He won five stages in the Giro dTtalia 
last month and is obviously in splendid 
condition. 

He finished foe stage from Rouen to 
Forges les Eaux with his arms upraised 
in his customary sign of victory, a clear 


winner of foe final sprint up an incline 
150 meters (165 yards) long. Cipollini, 
who rides for foe Saeco team, does not 
usually like uphill finishes, except when 
he wins them. 

"I came around that last comer and 
just hit it," he said afterward. “A won- 
derful victory.” 

A fashion plate who was frequently 
fined in last year’s Tour for wearing a 
flashy uniform foal did not conform to 
his team's, Cipollini alone was decked 
out this time in red. white and blue, star- 
spangled shorts in honor of his bicycle 
supplier. Cannon dale, an American 
company. Too bad the 84th Tour de 
France did not begin on Friday, the 
Fourth of July. 

Second was Tom Steels, a Belgian 
with foe Mapei team, a bit of front wheel 
ahead of Frederic Moncassin, a French- 
man with Gan. Erik Zabel, a German 
with Telekom. Robbie McEwen, an 
Australian with Rabobank, Nicolas 
Jalabert, a Frenchman with Cofidis, and 
Gordon Fraser, a Canadian with Mu- 
tuelle de Seine et Marne, were fourth 
through seventh. 

All these sprinters finished in the 
same time as Cipollini — 4 hours, 39 
minutes, 59 seconds — since all riders 
in an unbroken stream get the same 


clocking. But Cipollini also picked up a 
20-second time bonus for winning. 

That, combined with bonus times he 
gained in intermediate sprints, deducted 
enough of his deficit in the prologue 


Saturday night to let him take foe yellow 
jersey from Chris Boardman, a Briton 


jersey from Lhns Boardman, a Briton 
with Gan. (Cipo promised to wear yel- 
low shorts and perhaps ride a yellow 


bicycle on Monday. 
Boardman. the pn 


Boardman, the prologue winner, led 
the Italian by 18 seconds when foe stage 
started. When it ended, he was in second 
place overall, 10 seconds behind, and 
still first in a group of the real con- 
tenders for overall victory. 

Jan Ullrich, foe 23-year-old wunder- 
kind with Telekom who finished second 
in last year’s Tour, was right behind 
Boardman, who completed foe prologue 
two seconds ahead of him. Then, in 
order, came Tony Rominger, a Swiss 
with Cofidis, and Abraham Olano, a 
Spaniard with Banesto. 

They all finished in foe first group of 
about 60 riders who were positioned 
ahead of foe crash. The rest of foe 198- 
man starting field was cut into two pack- 
ets, those who got going ahead quickly 
and those who dicin' L 


The third group finished more than a 
minute and a half behind and included 


such major riders as Alex Zulle, a Swiss 
with ONCE who won foe last Vuelta a 
Espana and has finished second in foe 
Tour, and Luc Leblanc, a Frenchman 
with Polti who was fifth in the last 
Tour. 

Zulle, who is riding with a surgically 
repaired left collarbone after a crash ana 
fracture in the Tour of Switzerland two 
weeks ago, was impeded bur nor injured 
in the crash. 

The second group of finishers was 
nearly a minute behind foe first group 
and included Ivan Gotti, the Italian win- 
ner of foe recent Giro, and Bjame Riis, 
the Dane with Telekom who won foe 
1996 Tour. 

Thirteenth in the prologue, 15 
seconds behind Boardman and 13 be- 
hind Ullrich, he now finds himself trail- 
ing his teammate and suspected rival by 
a significant 1:11. 

As a loyal rider should, Ullrich has 
been saying that, of course, he will 
support Riis’s efforts to win a second 
Tour. But, he has added, if he should 
find himself within striking distance on 
July 26, foe day of foe final long time 
trial and a day before the Tour ends, be 
will not hesitate at all to ride for him- 
self. 

That sentiment must chill Riis, who 


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remembers how easily Ullrich finished 
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how be almost overtook foe eventual 
overall champion. 


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