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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


The World's Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Monday, July 21, 1997 



No. 35.578 


German Center of Gravity Is Shifting Eastward 




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By William Diozdiak 

Pl>.W .Strut r 

BERLIN — The imminent expan- 
sion of NATO and the s European Union 
toward the east portends a shift in the 
Continent's center of gravity that is 
prompting a dramaric reassessment of 
Germany's strategic interests, accord- 
ing to business, government and aca- 
demic leaders. 

White Europe’s painful struggle to 
achieve a single currency still grabs the 
headlines, a subtle change in perspec- 
tive is taking over Germany's board- 
rooms and policy-making councils: 
that future stability and prosperity de- 
pends not so much on closer part- 
nership with France but rather on a 
more concentrated blend of diplomacy 
and investments in the east. 

Germany’s western neighbors have 
long feared a switch in focus when the 
capital of Europe’s largest nation for- 
mally moves in 1999 from Bonn to 
Berlin. 

The geographic transfer from a 
small town near the Belgian-French 
border to a Central European metrop- 
olis just 88 kilometers (55 miles) from 
Poland is more than symbolic. Many 


Texan Takes Charge 
To Win British Open 

Justin Leonard, who starred the day 
Five shots off the lead, charged past 
Jesper Pamevik of Sweden over the last 
three holes Sunday to win die British 
Open by three strokes. 

Leonard, a Texan, pictured at light, 
birdied the 16th to go ahead and rolled in 
a 35-foot pun at the 17 th. He shot a 6- 
under-par final round of 65 for 12-un- 
der-par. a four-round total of 272 and a 
winner's check of $420,000. 

Pamevik made 73 and tied for second 
with Darren Clarke of Northern Ireland 
at 275. 

Leonard follows John Daly (1995) 
and Tom Lehman (1996) as American 
winners of die Open, and Arnold 
Palmer, Tom Weiskopf. Tom Watson 
and Mark Calcavecchia as consecutive 
U.S. winners of Opens held at Troon, a 
links course in southwest Scotland. 

Tiger Woods shot 64 in the third 
round and 74 in the final round to finish 
with a four-round total of 284 and a 
Share of 24th place. Articles, Page 20. 

linfiMir/Rnim 


ASEAN Is Set 
To Bar Entry 
Of Cambodia 


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By Michael Richardson 

Intentationul Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Stung by an abrupt 
rejection of its mediation effort in Cam- 
bodia, the Association of Soath East 
Asian Nations is expected to extend its 
indefinite delay of Cambodia's entry 
into the group at a meeting later this 
week, officials said Sunday. 

They said the decision would also be 
influenced by any further reports of 
torture of political opponents and other 
human-rights abases by the government 
of Second Prime Minister Hun Sen. 

The continued diplomatic isolation of 
Cambodia by its neighbors is likely to 
help the United States as it seeks to 
increase international pressure on 
Phnom Penh to make political conces- 
sions, analysts said. 

Stephen Solaiz, the U.S. special en- 
voy to Cambodia who is visiting Asian 
countries for talks on a possible com- 
mon approach to the crisis, has already 
called on donors to use their aid to 
Cambodia as leverage to bring about 
political reforms. 

Ip. an interview Sunday, the ousted 
Cambodian first prime minister. Prince 
Norodom Ranariddh, said that such an 
approach could yield results because 
more than 60 percent of the country’s 
budget came from aid money. Page 4. 

Some ASEAN countries, including 
Vietnam and Malaysia, were reported to 
be seeking an early reversal of the 
group’s decision July 10 to delay Cam- 
bodia's entry in protest at the use of 
force by the Hun Sen regime. 

But with ASEAN’s, “credibility and 
clout on the line because of Hun Sen’s 
snub, we cannot possibly 'afford to le- 
gitimize the Phnom Penh regime now 
by accepting it as a member,” an of- 
ficial orthe group said Sunday. 

See ASEAN, Page 6 
N ewss tand Prices 

Andorra „10.00 FF Lebanon LL 3,000 

Antffles....._„.1ZS0FF Morocco 18 Dh 

Cam6roon_1.600£FA Qatar 10.00 Rials 

Egypt &50 B&rion 12.50 FF 

France — 10.00 FF SaucB Arabia~.i0.00 R- 
Gabon 1100 CFA SenegaL.....i.100CFA 

Italy. jyiQQ PTAS 

ivory Coast. 1250 CFA Tunbia.- 1250 Din 

Jordan 1250JD liAEL— — ItLOODirti 

Kuwait... 700 Ffe-US. M. (Eur.)....5l20 



Germans believe it may change the 
character of their country. 

Bui a combination of political and 
economic factors is accelerating the 
process. When Germany looks at its 
wesiem neighbors, it sees anxiety 
about joblessness, and skepticism 
about any ambitious moves toward 
political unity. But in the east. German 
businessmen see cheap labor and 
booming markets, and German polit- 
ical leadership is welcomed with sur- 
prising enthusiasm. 


Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s early call 
for the Czech Republic. Hungary and 
Poland to become members of the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
and the European Union by the year 
2000 has mane him the most popular 
foreign politician in those countries. 

Mr. Kohl’s push was motivated not 
just by generosity but by national in- 
terest: By extending NATO’s security 
domain io die east, Mr. Kohl ensured 
that Germany, for tire first time in his- 
tory. would have friendly relations with 


Third Reich Lite: A TV Laugh 


By Alan Cowell 

New yurt Timti ServUv 

BERLIN — Burdened by decades of 
guilt, Germans are understandably re- 
luctant to mine their past for laughs. So 
it’s surprising, to say the least, that 
each evening at 6:30 the ratings jump 
by 50 percent on the Munich-based 
Cable One network, as up to 840,000 
Germans tune in to ’’Hogan's He- 
roes,” the American prisoner-of-war 
sitcom that even some Americans crit- 


icized as insensitive to World War □ 
horrors when it was first broadcast in 
the 1960s. 

Here, writ large in this comedy of 
caricatures, are the gray and black uni- 
forms of the Hitler era. the barbed wire 
and the wooden huts of a prison camp 
— totems that usually evoke feelings 
of shame mixed with revulsion in Ger- 
mans. So what’s the joke? 

“It’svery simple.” said Josef Joffe, a 

See TV, Page 6 


all nine of its immediate neighbors. 

The EU's expansion plans include 
the same three countries plus Estonia 
and Slovenia, which will fulfill a goal 
of German diplomacy to extend 
Europe's zone of tranquillity toward 
the Balkan region, the Baltic states and 
other parts of the former Soviet Un- 
ion. 

As he welcomed President 
Aleksander Kwasniewski of Poland to 
Germany last week, Mr. Kohl again 
gave a personal commitment to bring 
Poland and Germany's other eastern 
neighbors into die European Union as 
soon as possible in spite of enormous 
obstacles that binder their membership 
prospects. 

“Poland is without doubt a part of 
Europe," Mr. Kohl said. “But an even 
more important point is that one must 
realize that without Poland, the Euro- 
pean Union is nothing but an incom- 
plete torso.” 

While promoting Germany’s con- 
nections through Central and Eastern 
Europe, Mr. Kohl has taken pains to 
cultivate warm ties with President Bor- 
is Yeltsin of Russia. At their last meet- 

Sec GERMANY, Page 6 


Hope Flares in Ulster 
As IRA Truce Begins 

British Strive to Keep Protestants 
In Talks When Sinn Fein Returns 



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BELFAST — A new IRA cease-fire 
rook effect Sunday in Northern Ireland, 
giving the divided people there another 
taste of peace and also many new un- 
certainties. 

Britain, Ireland and the United States 
said the cease-fire, announced Saturday, 
opened the prospect of fresh start for the 
troubled province. 

After assuring Sinn Fein leaders that 
they could join other parties- in those 
negotiations within six weeks of a 
cease-fire, the British government of 
Prime Minister Tony Blair must per- 
suade the biggest Protestant party, the 
Ulster Unionists, to stay at the table. 

David Trimble, head of the Ulster 
Unionist Party, planned talks with Mr. 
Blair on Monday to determine whether 
his group would pull out of the peace 
talks if Sinn Fein joined. 

Mr. Trimble made no public com- 
ment. But spokesmen for the Ulster 
Unionists and leaders of the smaller 
Democratic Unionist Party said the Irish 
Republican Army cease-fire was purely 
cosmetic because the insurgents would 
not have to hand over a single weapon. 

“Unless we get disarmament, unless 
we get people committed to consent, we 
cannot expect that this is going to be 
other than the farce it was two years 
ago,” Ken Maginnis of the Ulster Un- 
ionist Parry said. 

But three Irish newspapers, each 
quoting unidentified IRA sources, said 
die commanders would withdraw the 
new truce, officially open-ended, after 
four months if there was not sufficient 
progress in negotiations on Northern 
Ireland's future. 

Gerry Adams, the president of Sinn 
Fein, the IRA's political wing, con- 
demned the reports and suggested that 
the British secret services were seeking 
to undermine the peace efforts. 

Mr. Adams told the CNN television 
network: “Those in the British secret 
service and the intelligence services, 
those who want to treat this problem as a 
security problem have an agenda which 
is about destabilizing this cessation." 

The peace talks, which began 13 
months ago and made virtually no pro- 


AGENDA 

Threat of Flood Puts Germany on Alert 


FRANKFURT AN DER ODER. 
Germany (AFP) — The German au- 
thorities declared a state of maximum 
alert Sunday after a sharp rise in the 
level of the Oder River threatened to 
flood the eastern German plain. 

Officials in Brandenburg State were 
preparing to cany out rather evac- 
uations as the swollen Oder, which 

Anti-Taleban Forces 
Take Strategic Town 

Opposition forces in Afghanistan 
wrested from the Taleban a major 
town north of Kabul, both sides said 
Sunday. 

The opposition said its fighters took 
the strategic town of Charikar, and 
also claimed it tod captured the Ba- 
gram air base, killing 500 Taleban 
fighters in the process. The infantry 
attacks were accompanied by the 
bombing of Kabul by opposition 
planes, ui one of four raids, eight ci- 
vilians were reported killed. Page 4. 


marks the German-Polish border, con- 
tinued to rise following heavy rains. 
Its level was expected to rise further 
over the next few days, officials said. 

Hundreds were evacuated in Po- 
land and tbe Czech Republic as rivers 
burst their banks, local authorities 
said. 

Earlier article, Page 5. 


Is Stock Drop in Brazil 
A Grim Economic Omen? 


RAGE TWO 

America's 24-Hour Business Day? 

THE AMERICAS 

New Weapon in 

Pag* 3. 

the Biulget Battle . 

BUSINESS/FINANCE Page 13. 

France Warms to Privatisation 


Pane 9. 


Page 9. 



Sports 

Pages 18-20. 

The intermarkat 

' Pago 7. 

[ The 1HT on-line 

http://vAvw.iht.ccin | 


By Anthony Faiola 

WashinRiar Post Service 

SAO PAULO — The frantic Sao 
Paulo Stock Exchange has been a stellar 
example of Latin America’s “economic 
miracle,’ ’ growing faster this year titan 
almost any other stock exchange world- 
wide. 

But its wild ride veered off course last 
week as jitteiy investors sent the key 
index tumbling 16 percent, fearing the 
miracle might be too good to be true. 

This drop on tbe most important Latin 
American stock exchange caused a 
"samba effect" as markets fell from 
Mexico City to Buenos Aires. The de- 
clines came on the heels of a growing 
currency crisis in Asia, and some feared 
the same might happen here. Investors 
saw it as a perfect time to cash in their 
chips after an extraordinary year of 
gains that reached 89 percent only a 
week ago. 

But even after President Fernando 
Heorique Cardoso denied rumors of a 


devaluation, stocks continued to drop as 
foreign investors took a closer look at 
cracks in the liberal economic reforms 
in Brazil and tbe rest of the Latin Amer- 
ica in the 1990s. 

To bolster their economies, countries 
across Latin America have been cutting 
the size of national governments and 
privatizing uncompetitive state-run in- 
dustries. While sparking economic 
growth, as intended, the transition has 
left millions of state workers without 
jobs, and critics say the changes have 
benefited mainly the wealthy. 

Brazil and Argentina have pegged 
their currencies to the U.S. dollar, elim- 
inating hyperinflation but causing their 
currencies to be overvalued, making the 
average cost of living in cities such as 
Sao Paulo and Buenos Aires higher than 
in the most expensive U.S. cities. 

In Brazil, foreign investors are wor- 
ried that it is taking too long to reduce 
the size of government and develop a 

See BRAZIL, Page 6 


Keeping Cool in the Pressure Cooker of Space 


By Kathy Sawyer 

Wasftinfihm Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The plague of 
miseries afflicting the crew of Mir 
seems beyond hellish ■ — a 14-minute 
blowtorch of a fire, collision and de- 
compression, power failures — all in 
cramped confinement in hostile ter- 
ritory 200 miles above Earth. 

Still, tbe old mystique of the “right 
stuff" is so ingrained in public per- 

Mir repair mission to be postponed. 
Page 6. • Excitement lies ahead for 
the space program. Page 10. 

ceptions that some observers are 
shocked when astronauts, or cosmo- 
nauts, show anything but stifF-upper- 
lipped stoicism. For others, though* tiie 
miracle is that so many men and wom- 
en do soldier on, speaking publicly in 
cheery pleasantries, under such seem- 
ingly cruel and unusual conditions. 

Not long after a cargo vessel 
ramme d the Russian space station Mir 
last month and punctured the U.S. as- 
tronaut Michael Foale’s living and 
working quarters, for example, the as- 



Mr. Foale, left, Alexander Lazutkin, center, and Mr. Tsibliyev on Mir. 

The Russian commander Vasili level of competence day in, day out, 
Tsibliyev, who has been there longer expats say. 
and carried more responsibility, is still Still, they are fallible, 
functioning, although he is, by all ac- "They're like you and me," said 
counts, an exhausted wreck. Frank Hughes, chief of the space flight 

How can these people stand it? training division at the National Aero- 
To begin with, space programs tend nautics and Space Administration’s 
to weed out early the loners, the un- Johnson Space Center, 
stable, the claustrophobic. Those who When it comes to extreme tensions 
make it are the overachieving team and demands, ‘ ‘they don’t cope with it 

very well,” he said. 

* ‘These are pretty tough-minded in- 
dividuals," he added. “But we have 


phoning home. 


not found ways to offset those 
stresses." 

Mr. Hughes and others recounted 
various U.S. and Russian space mis- 
sions that have experienced accidents, 
close calls, near-fatal foul-ups, mutin- 
ous crew numbers complaining of over- 
work, a switch left in the wrong position 
and two cases where health problems — 
a heart ailment in one. a nervous break- 
down in another — required crews to 
return to Earth ahead of schedule. 

For example, the third crew of the 
U.S. prototype space station Sky lab 
virtually mutinied in the 1970s because 
of what they considered an unreas- 
onable workload, Mr. Hughes recalled. 
"They said, ‘You’re killing us!* and 
took die day off.” 

Astronauts and cosmonauts go 
through intense, exhaustive, repetitious 
training before they ever reach orbit. 
Tbe training sessions, called simula- 
tions. bring the ground teams and flight 
crews together for many hours for real- 
istic dress rehearsals. They do this re- 
peatedly, while creative flight experts 
throw every size and type of emergency 
at than and monitor tiieir reactions. 

“Training for a flight is substan- 
tially more stressful than the flight 
itself," said John Fabian, a former U.S. 

See SPACE, Page 6 


gress, are intended to work out a polit- 
ical settlement of the sectarian warfare 
that has killed more then 3.200 people 
since 1969. 

The Roman Catholic minority of 
about 43 percent warns more political 
power and closer ties with the Irish 
Republic. 

The Protestant majority wants to re- 
main British, fearing ultimate absorp- 
tion into the Irish Republic, which is 
overwhelmingly Catholic. 

The IRA, which is estimated to have 
about 300 active members, is thought to 
be responsible for more than half of the 
deaths in the strife. (Reuters. AP) 

Peaceful Moment in Belfast 

James F. Clarity of The AVw York 
Times reported from Belfast: 

As the new cease-fire went into ef- 
fect, hundreds of Belfast citizens, Ro- 
man Catholics and Protestants, strolled 


' See TRUCE, Page 6 

CIA at 50: 

Prisoner 
Of History 


By Tim Weiner 

New Yori Times Sen-ice 

WASHINGTON — On July 26. 
1 947. with memories of the surprise 
attack on Pearl Harbor still fresh 
and fear of a Cold War rising. Pres- 
ident Hairy Truman signed the law 
feat gave birth to the Central In- 
telligence Agency. Fifty years on, 
the elite CIA has become a pariah in 
American culture, a prisoner of its 
public history as a spy agency. 

The evil that spooks do lives after 
them; the good is interred by 
secrecy. Tbe agency insists that it 
has scored dazzling successes over 
rite decades, but prefers not to dis- 
cuss them. So people remember tbe 
Mafia hit men hired to kill Fidel 
Castro, the coups gone bad, the rebel 
groups seduced and abandoned, the 
drunken scoundrel Aldrich Ames. 

Now, in sadness and anger, sev- 
eral of the men who led the agency 
through the Cold War are saying 
that the CIA’s heart itself is failing, 
that its clandestine service to the 
nation may be nearing the end of its 
useful life. 

The agency has been on a losing 
streak ever since it won the Cold 
War. Its last two directors, R. James 
Woolsey Jr. and John Deutch, 
blamed "die culture of the CIA,” 
which in victory iost.its 61an. 

"The collapse of our enemy," 
said Milt Bearden, the agency’s last 
chief of Soviet operations, “en- 
sured our own demise." 

James Schlesinger, another 
former director of Central Intel- 
ligence, said, "The trust that was 
reposed in the CIA has faded. " The 
spy service, he said, "is now so 
battered that its utility for espio- 
nage is subject to auestion. ’ ’ 

Admiral Stansneld Turner, the 
agency’s director from 1977 to 
1981, said the nation has to build a 
new clandestine service from the 
ground up, outside the C3A. 

Duane Clairidge, a legeodarily 
brash covert operator, wrote in a 
new memoir that the CIA "is fin- 
ished as a really effective intel- 
ligence service." 

The CIA, Mr. Clairidge wrote, 
"will be reinvented or restored to 
competency only after some ap- 
palling catastrophe befalls us," 
perhaps another Pearl Harbor. 


together. The idea of the CIA, said, 
Richard Helms, director of Central 
Intelligence from 1966 to 1973, 
“was that we’ve got to get an or- 
ganization where analysts could 
look at everything from overseas, 
no matter how secret. 

“The agency was created to ana- 
lyze intelligence, not forcovert ac- 
tion," Mr. Helms said. "It was no 
one’s intention that the agency 
should become identified with 
nothing but espionage. ' ' 

In 1948, the year after the CIA’s 
founding, another new agency, the 
National Security Council, set up a 
clandestine service to fight fire with 
fire — to counter what it called the 
"vicious covert activities” of the 
Soviet Union with propaganda, 
economic warfare, sabotage, sub- 
version and secret support for re- 
sistance groups. There was 
nowhere to hide that secret orga- 
nization but the newborn CIA. 

See AGENCY, Page 6 








INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Managing Time / U.S. Seen as 'Miles Ahead' 


Heading for the 24 -Hour Business Day 


Sir James Goldsmith, 64, 
A Brash Financier, Dies 


High Flier, With 3 Families, Made Billiom 


By Linton Weeks 

HittAinchwi fi'sf 5«rn nv 


W ASHINGTON — At 
1:30 on a Wednesday 
morning, shoppers prowl 
the aisles of a Virginia 
Wal-Mart. John Fleener, 37. a pho- 
tographer, seeks allergy relief. Robert 
Owen, 3 1 , after a shift delivering piz- 
zas, cradles four bottles of apple cider. 
Denise Cooper, 34, tucks boxes of 
toothpaste into her basket. “1 like to 
shop this late,” she says. “You don’t 
have to worry about anybody." 

An hour later at a Maryland 
Kinko's business services center, 
John Thompson and his wife, Andrea, 
rework a presentation they will make 
at their church. Twenty-odd custom- 
ers are in the shop. "A lot of people do 
their day work here at night." says 
Roger Sindelar, the night manager. 

Across the country, people are di- 
aling away in the wee hours to order 
frees ia from 1 -800-FLOWERS, silk 
teddies from Victoria's Secret, canoes 
from LX. Bean. They are paying bills. 


planning trips and buying and selling 
stock on the Internet. As Ernest Hem- 


stock on the Internet As Ernest Hem- 
ingway told Lillian Ross, “Time is the 
least thing we have of.” 

Americans are finding ways to 
make of it the most. 

“Compared to Europe, the U.S. is 
miles ahead in mining the economic 
value of time," said X Michael 
Hager, director of die International 
Development Law Institute in Rome, 
who studies time as an economic re- 
source. 

He cited two reasons: fewer legal 
restrictions on business hours than in 
Europe and the higher European so- 
cial-welfare costs, which create a dis- 
incentive to hiring new employees for 
night shifts. 

"European traditions also thwart 
change,’ ' Mr. Hager said. "For ex- 
ample, much of the small business in 
Italy is family-owned and operated. 
Extending hours means going outside 
the family for labor, which is not the 
norm. America, on the other hand, is 
synonymous with new ideas, entre- 
preneurship and business competi- 
tion." 

For example: Ernesto Tey, 23, an 
employee at Speedware USA in San 
Ramon, California, is a fitness buff 
and likes to pump iron after midnight. 
"In a hectic and stressful day," he 
says, "knowing I can work out either 
early in the morning or late at night 
makes it that much easier to stay in 
shape.” He frequents 24 Hour Fitness, 
which offers around-the-clock gym 
facilities for weekday workouts 
throughout the western United 
States. 

In St. Paul, Minnesota, customers 
of Highgrove Community Federal 
Credit Union can call a phone number 
day or night to apply for a loan. In 


many cases, the credit union 
says, applicants are given a 
decision within an hour. 

For the last three yean. 
Columbia Presbyterian Med- 
ical Cenrer in New York has 
kept its computer room — * 
with 16 or so terminals — 
open all the rime for night- 
owl medical students to do 
their research. 

Sharon Williams of Bal- 
timore founded a full-service 
secretarial support company 
in 1990 called the 24-Hour 
Secretary. A client called at 3 ■ 

A.M. recently and said he 
needed a report by 7 A.M. He 
dictated, and the report was 
e-mailed by the deadline, 
spell-checked and profes- 
sionally formatted. 

The internet has opened up _____ 
all kinds of possibilities for 
24-hour activity. 'We' 

North Olmsted, Ohio, of- -_i 
fers its residents a 24-hour 
town hall. “Everything PeO} 

you ’ve always wanted to 

know about your government 
is now right at your fingertips," reads 
the home page. Visitors can find 
building permit forms, information on 
city services and a schedule of 
events. 

The 24 Hour Mall brings together 
more than two dozen stores — in- 
cluding the Nashville Boot Co. and 
From Nebraska gift shop — for dawn- 
to-dawn shopping. 

Mr. Sindelar, die Kinko night man- 
ager. put it this way: “The United 
States is not used to waiting. In 
Europe, they queue up. Here, they 
don't." 

“In city life in Japan, time is very 
important/' says Yoshio Hotta, a Jap- 
anese journalist in Washington. "But 
it is not like in America. Our 7-Eleven 
stores are closed at night So are our 
ATM machines. If you want to draw 
cash at night, you cannot do so. 


By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

Ne* York Times Senive 




LONDON — Sir James Goldsmith, 


together a war chest of money to start the • 
beginning of his takeovers, identifying 
weak firms aiKldismeraberiag them into 
more salable assets. 

He was known for buying into 



homes in four countries sod used his reupmg the ^profits. He ™ce saidhjs 


Es » &. tbe ; Uoion, mono was, ;;If you see a bundwagoi, 

died of a heart attack Friday in Spam, a « tae. ^ ^ he ^ ^ 


I lirm Sr,nl<#d TV Wtnluufl^n >W 


Were in a world that almost never stops,' says Roger Sindelar , 
night manager at a Kinko's business services center iti Maryland. 
People used to be willing to wait, * but that attitude’s changed.' 


“The whole intent to developing "People hardly ever sleep.” During 
these channels was greater convenience his 11:30 P.M.-to-9 A.M. shift, he 

for die customer," the finance industry said, about 100 to 300 people will pass 

analyst said, although remote banking " through — people wanting everything 
is also cheaper for the bank. "The result from birth announcements to funeral 


A mericans used to wait 

inside the bank. Enterpris- 
ing banks extended then- 
hours and built drive- 
through branches that stayed open 
later. In the 24-hour society, the bank- 
ing industry' is encouraging customers 
to use what it refers to as "different 
delivery channels" to move money 
around the dock. 

More than 140,000 automated teller 
machines dot the U.S. map. Internet 
banking is available from about 90 
percent of the country’s 300 major 
banks, according to American Banker, 
a trade publication. And more banking 
is done, at all hours, by telephone. 

Talking over a speaker phone, 
James Moore's voice sounds strange, 
like the flat, atonal simulated speech 
of a computerized teller. 


analyst said, although remote banking 
is also cheaper for the bank. ‘ ‘The result 
has been somewhat unexpected. As we 
proliferated these alternative channels, 
customers used them in unprecedented 
volumes. We increased the conveni- 
ence of these transactions, thinking that 
as a result we would drive transactions 
out of the branches. But we didn't 
decrease die real volume of over-the- 
counter transaction." 

Bell Atlantic is so convinced that 
more people are doing business at all 
hours, the telephone company has 
opened a 24-hour customer service 
center. 

Other kinds of round-the-clock 
telephone services proliferate: Flower 
sales. Counseling services. Sex chat 
lines. A Geico insurance ad, for ex- 
ample. encourages anyone, anywhere 
— with “15 minutes to kill" — to 
pick up the phone any time, day or 
night, and ask questions about the 
company's rates and services. 

“.What we’ve seen is a pretty fair 
increase in calls that come between 10 
P.M. and 6 in the morning in all time 
zones in the past three to five years." 
said Bill Roberts, senior vice pres- 
ident for Geico Insurance Co. in the 
Bethesda-Chevy Chase office. 
"There’s been a sizable increase." 

"We get calls all through the 
night,” he said. “You’ve got two- 
income households that just can't do 
things between normal business 
hours. They’ve put kids to bed, that's 
the time they’re settling down to pay 
their bills. It's convenient for them." 

“We're in a world that almost nev- 
er stops," said Kinko's Mr. Sindelar. 


programs. “Everyone's under an 
enormous amount of stress and 
strain,” he said. People used to wait 
for what they wanted, “but that at- 
titude’s changed." 


A ND SO the trend evolved — 
from 7-Elevens to all-night 
diners, grocery stores and 
drugstores to office-supply 
stores and discount super-stores. 

Mr. Moore may be right when he 
says that there are some things people 


won't do on computers. But there are 
plenty of things they will do, and with 


the Internet, they can do them when 
they want to. 

All Things Delivered, a Bethesda 
company, found that out several 
months ago when it launched its In- 
ternet site. “Shop on-line for gro- 
ceries delivered to your door" read 
the home page. 

“Fifty percent of all our orders 
come in between 8 P.M. and 7 A.M.." 
said Hans Wydler. vice president of 
marketing. Internet orders received by 
7:30 A.M. are delivered the same 
day. 

Most of the customers are “con- 
venience-driven," said Mr. Wydler. 
“We are dealing with folks who have 
no time." 

In the small hours at the Virginia 
Wal-Mart, Eva Shorts, 43. a cellular 
phone supplier, and her son Robert, 
22, wheeled a basket up and down the 
aisle. “We're night people." she ex- 
plained. "If there were other stores 
open. I'd go to them, too.” 


spokesman said. 

Sir James, who had battled pancreatic 
cancer for four years, made his fortune 
as a corporate raider before turning to 
politics. He formed his own Referen- 
dum Party in Britain with the single 
mission of combating further integration 
with Europe. 

Although the party polled more than 
800.000 votes in the British elections in 
May, it did not win a single seat in the 
House of Commons. 

Bom into a prosperous banking fam- 
ily, Sir James went on to amass a per- 
sonal fortune estimated at up to SX5 
billion. Having frequented luxurious ho- 
tels in his youth, he briefly flirted with 
the idea of working in one, but soon 
turned to finance, excelling in the art of 
taking over troubled companies. 

He was a brilliant investor of his 
profits too, and accurately forecasi the 
American stock market crash of 1987, 
turning his assets into cash just before 
the market plunged. 

“I am. if you like, a Cassandra," he 
once said. “I have always looked at the 
downside because the upside looks after 
itself." 

His personal life was no less eventful. 
He had children by several women, and 
openly main tamed three families. 

He had homes in London, Paris and 
Bordeaux in France. Spain and an 
1 8, 000-acre estate on the Pacific coast of 
Mexico. 

In a week, he might have spend the 
weekend with his former wife. Ginette, a 
French woman who lives with the 
couple's two children in Paris, and then 
stay during the week in London with his 


known for his 1986 raid on Goodyear 
Tire and Rubber Co., which became an 
issue in congressional hearings, on 
takeovere. 

As Sir James’ fame rose, he became a 
frequent target of Private Eye. the Brit- 
ish satirical magazine, which referred to 
him as “Sir Jams.” He filed 63 suits 
against the publication. - 

But his attempts to occupy a position 
in the world of newspaper publishing 
never p ann ed out. And his ventures into 
British politics were no more successful 
In the British elections in May, Sir 





British spouse. Lady Annabel Birley. 
who bore him two children. She was at 


who bore him two children. She was at 
his bedside when he died. 

A third companion, Laura Bouley de 
Ia Meurthe, a French journalist, has two 
children by Sir James. 

Janies Michael Goldsmith was bom 
on Feb. 26, 1933, in Paris to a Catholic 
French mother and a German Jewish 
father who moved to Britain and served 
as a Conservative member of Parlia- 
ment. 

He attended Eton, but left to start his 
business career in his late teens as a 
salesman of electrical plugs and phar- 
maceutical products in France. 

A tall man with striking blue eyes. Sir 
James, who had duel British-French na- 
tionality. eloped at 20 with Isabel 
Patino, daughter of a Bolivian tin mining 
magnate, and married her despite fierce 
opposition from her family. 


Afovc Fnax-Prcac 

Sir James in Ham, Surrey, after 
voting in the British elections May 1. 


James won only 1,500 votes in die Lon- 
don constituency of Putney. 

But his determination was such that 
he spent some $37 miilion to put up 
more than 500 candidates in the election 
with the sole aim of forcing a refer- 
endum on Britain's future in the Euro- 
pean Union, which he viewed as a Ger- 
man-dominated threat to Britain’s 
sovereignty. 

He was knighted by Britain in 1976 
and made a knight of die Legion of 
Honor by France in 1978. • 


The episode ended tragically when 
she died in childbirth months later. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


British Airways Says It’s Ready 

LONDON (Reuters) — British Airways says it expects that 
95 percent of its flights worldwide will operate Monday, as 
staff continued to trickle back to work more than a week after 
a cabin crew strike. 

A BA spokesman said about 1 50 flight attendants a day 
were reluming from sick leave since the strike ended July I J . 
but 1,200 were still out sick — twice the number normally 
expected at this time of year. 

Services out of Gaiwick airport were already back to 
normal, and the airline said it planned to operate all but a 


handful of flights from Heathrow. Nearly 2,000 cabin crew 
registered for sick leave last week. This meant only 313 staff 
were registered as being on strike. 


More Singapore-India Flights 


Have you been to 


SINGAPORE (Bloomberg) — Singapore and India agreed 
to expand the frequency of airplane flights between the two 
countries by 40 percent over three years. Singapore's Civil 
Aviation Authority announced. 

The agreement will allow for more passenger and freight 
traffic, though a breakdown between the two wasn't avail- 
able. said a public relations officer for the agency. The new 
capacity - is equal to about six round-trip Boeing 747 flights a 
week. 

.Airlines in both countries will also cooperate in code 
sharing, a type of marketing arrangement. 


Ship Freed From Greek Beach 

.•lyrwc Frume-Pwr 

ATHENS — A cruise ship with 2.000 
passengers and crew that ran aground on 
a Greek island was hauled off by tugs 
and continued toward Venice. Greek 
officials said Sunday. 

The Costa Classica was blown onto a 
beach late Saturday close to the port of 
Kapsaii after its anchors broke loose 
from the seabed, officials said. 

The Liberian-registered ship was car- 
rying 1 .5 1 3 passengers — mostly Amer- 
icans — and a crew of 544. No one was 
injured in the incident. 


though the baby was saved. During his 
second marriage, to Ginette Lery. Sir 
James openly kept an aristocratic mis- 


Robert Weaver, 89, the first sec- 
retary of Housing and Urban Devel- 
opment in the United States and the first 
black person io head a cabinet agency, as 
well as one of the architects of Resident 
Lyndon Johnson's Great Society, died 
Thursday in his sleep at h is home in 
Manhattan. 


James openly kept an aristocratic mis- Eugene Shoemaker, 69. an astron- 
tress in London. Lady Annabel Vane omer and geologist who was a co-dis- £ 
Tempest Stewart, marrying her after his coverer of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet 
marriage to Ms. Lery ended. that collided with Jupiter in 1994, was 

But by the 1990s. there was already a killed Friday in a traffic accident near 
third woman in his life. Ms. de la Alice Springs. Australia. 

Meurthe. with w horn he shared his estate 
in Mexico and his home in Paris. 

In the 1960s. he branched into food 


products and acquired companies like 
Bovril. and his Cavenham Food group. 


Bovril. and his Cavenham Food group, 
which included cookies, chocolate and 
jams, eventually became die third- 
I urges t in the world. 

By the srart of the J 070s he had ihe put 


Daniel Sargent. 72. the founder of 
the corporate finance department of Sa- 
lomon Brothers and later a managing 
director of the firm and head of its credit 
and business practice committee, died 
Thursday at his home in North Salem. 
New York. He had been suffering from 
pancreatic cancer. 


WEATHER 


INTERMARKET 


Railroads Are Eclipsed in China 


Europe 


Forecast (or Tuesday through Thursdav as o”^^3ed by AccuWea'.her 


today? 


Don’t miss if, A lot happens there. 


BELTING < AFPt — Expanding road and air trampon links 
are continuing to scale back the once-dormnum role of 
railroads in China, the official Xinhua news agency said 
Sunday. 

The blest figures from the Stale Statistics Bureau showed 
railroad passenger traffic volume during the first five months 
of the year fell 3.8 percent to 386 million people, compared 
with the same period in 1996. Xinhua reported. 

Meanwhile, motor vehicles transported 1.65 billion trav- 
elers. increasing by 6.7 percenr. and civil aviation took 22.67 
million, showing a 5.5 percent growth. 

Overall passenger travel rose 4.3 percent dunng ihe peri- 
od. 


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THE UORUfS DUO NhWM'U'l.H 


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SATURDAY: Cuba. Liberia. Maldives. 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


RAGE 3 


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THE AMERICAS 


Costly New U.S. Sub Has a Mission: Fighting the Budget Battle 


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By John Mintz 

WujfcmyMn Pt'sr Serri, ,■ 

SEVEN HUNDRED FEET UNDER 
WATER OFF CAPE CANAVERAL. 
Florida — Standing in near-darkness lit 
only by a bank of flickering computer 
screens. Senior Chief Petty Officer Jeff 
Rowe of the U.S. Navy searched for 
words of praise for the high-tech sonar 
gear he oversees aboard the new Sea- 
wolf attack submarine. 

From miles away, the sonar lets 
Chief Rowe distinguish among the 
chatter of dolphins, a fishing trawler's 
propeller and the engine of a Russian 
Akula sub. he said. 

“This .is an incredible system, and 
although a lot of people complain about 
the cost of a Sea wo If. I think it’s worth 
evety penny, ' * said Chief Rowe, one of 
1 38 crew members assigned to the first 
Seawolf sub. which is to enter navy 
service this month. 

"Now, if we could jost find some- 
body to fight with iL" 

It is a good summary of the navy's 
quandary as it held a ceremony at a 
Connecticut shipyard Saturday to mark 
the commissioning of the first Seawolf 
submarine in the U.S. fleet. 

The navy says the Seawolf is "the 
world’s fastest, quietest submarine." 
and many analysts maintain it is the 
most effective attack submarine ever 
built, a sub-killer that also can per- 
forming many types of highly special- 
ized missions. But how. the navy won- 
ders. can it rhapsodize about a $2.4 
biilion-a-copy anti-ship weapon that 
lost its military rationale with the Berlin 
Wall’s fall and that even its sponsors say 
was needed mostly to save U.S. jobs? 


Drug Charges 
By U.S. Help 
‘ Mexican Win 


By Mark Fineman 

Las Angeles Times Sendee 



I - Yin ‘Ttr ft j-hinfmo P,«a 

An artist's rendering of the Seawolf, a $2.4 billion-a-copy anti-ship weapon a critic described as unnecessary. 


Critics say the Seawolf was discred- 
ited long ago and scoff ai navy efforts 
to promote the new undersea boat. 

“The Seawolf submarine was out- 
rageously expensive and unneces- 
sary,” said retired Rear Admiral Eu- 
gene Carroll, deputy director of the 
liberal Center for Defense Information. 
“It is a scandal that ought to embarrass 
everybody. You can’t market it." 

Navy officials will tiptoe around 
these topics in honoring the USS Sea- 
wolf at the Electric Boat shipyard in 
Groton, Connecticut. But their real 
agenda is not justifying the Seawolf. It 
is talking up the need for yet another 
new class or undersea boats, called the 
New Attack Submarine. The 30 or so 


new subs are estimated to cost about 
$60 billion, including a $3 billion down 
payment in the fiscal 1998 budget now 
before Congress. 

The Seawolf s commander. Captain 
David McCall, said his crew under- 
stood that its performance would help 
determine whether the navy's subma- 
rine operations gets the money its com- 
manders want or loses it to its many 
rivals within the U.S. military — those 
promoting surface ships, naval avi- 
ation, air force jets, army tanks and 
more. 

"The stakes are not lost on this 
crew,” Captain McCall said last week 
in the Seawolf’s “attack center.” 
where torpedoes are launched with a 


touch on a computer screen. "We be- 
lieve submarines are the most cost- 
effective platform for U.S. power pro- 
jection.” 

The navy says the New Attack Sub 
program is militarily necessary be- 
cause its 1970s-era Los Angeles-class 
subs are approaching retirement age. 
Navy officials said the United States 
still needed undersea weapons for what 
they call "mulumission” operations. 
These include, besides attacking en- 
emy ships, coven electronic intelli- 
gence-gathering from offshore, drop- 
ping spies and navy commandos onto 
foreign beaches and laying and de- 
tecting undersea mines. 

The navy has carried out such mis- 


sions, in "littoral” or “brown” water 
near land, in the past. But they are a far 
cry from the better-known mission as- 
signed to raw subs during the Cold 
War, chasing Soviet submarines in the 
deep "blue water” ocean. 

The navy also has a problem with 
promoting the new subs it wants. 
“Multimission” operations are highly 
classified, so, beyond describing them 
generally, navy officials provide no 
details. 

Navy officials say the New Attack 
Submarines, at about $1.7 billion a 
copy, or nvo- thirds the price of this 
Seawolf, .will be a relative bargain. 
“The New Attack Sub will be able to 
do most things Seawolf can do but be 
built on a budget.” Captain McCall 
said. 

Admirals are counting on the Sea- 
wolf s technological marvels to make 
the case for the New Artack Sub. To 
maintain stealth, every' structure within 
it was designed to minimize sound and 
vibration. 

A Seawolf is regarded as quieter 
cutting the waves at 25 knots than is a 
current Los Angeles-class sub tied up 
at a pier. 

To ensure that the clanging of a 
dropped wrench does not travel 
through the water, the Seawolf s inner 
decks are not attached to the hull but 
rest on rubber mountings. 

The boat’s communications and 
electronics, enabled by 6 million lines 
of software code, are by far die most 
advanced of any sub’s. 

Stripped of its weapons, the Seawolf 
is essentially a massive computer 
stuffed inside a 9,000-ton cigar-shaped 
rube. 


POLITICAL NOTES 


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t me i l ^. 

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collided vc;:tJ-r:v: a 
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aniel Sargtnt. “I. 

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•York: He hid satM®#* 
raise cancer. 


'■■■-? ml AGUA PRIETA. Mexico — In the 
■■ n : midst of the worst electoral showing in 

ir.i.hecL-i 68 years by Mexico’s long-governing 
■ r «. lit: i i: Institutional Revolutionary Party on July 

’c !.*• :n r Ex 6, Vicente Teran Uribe is a bright spot 

r i i A* The landslide victory of the 41-year- 

k Bte old executive, who funded his own cam- 

paign for mayor of this border town, 
r-ij:-’ ,r came despite a recent U.S. Drug En- 
r„ Lrjnr forcement Administration report that 
named him as one of Mexico s 20 lop 
narcotics traffickers. 

;n; -un And therein lies a good illustration of 
frV; Df U.S. -Mexican border relations. 

rj-jr Mr. Teran’s victory can be seen as a 

V kind of referendum on Mexican feelings 
about the United States and its esca- 

<, . i lating drug-enforcement effort along the 

Vu rnW. border. It also reflects a strong feeling 
by Mexicans that the United States, in 
its zeal to pressure Mexico to crack 
g down on the multibillion-dollar cross- 

'■ . c/4 ‘ \ border drug trade, has gone too far to- 

V ^ * * ward meddling in Mexican politics. 

Lc " . In the aftermath of Mr. Teran’s im- 


*■-. ini !U:i •: 
I rVs Df 
y.Sr;'. uTiJ 

his ix®* 


.r UV..:. 


? ; • 
-.-i 


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V.. Latif. Atn^- 


Oceania^ 


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pressive victory — he won just over 50 
percent of the vote in the field of four — 
the mayor-elect underscored the linger- 
ing bitterness that he, his supporters and 
much of the local population harbor for 
the big government just on the other side 
'of the dilapidated chain-link fence t hat 
runs between Douglas, Arizona and 
Agua Prieta. 

Mr. Thran denied the Drug Enforce- 
ment Administration’s allegations. But 
be couldn ’t help but appreciate the boost 
he said they gave him. "The lies that 
were spread definitely helped me,” he 
said. “Far from alienating. people, the 
allegations angered many and united 
them more behind Vicente Teran.” 

Agua Prieta voters knew about the 
allegations since they were published at 
the peak of Mr. Teran’s campaign in a 
Drug Enforcement Administration doc- 
ument, “Mexico's Top Echelon Traf- 
fickers," and in more-man a dozen Mex- 
ican and U.S.publications since then. 

"Vicente Teran Uribe is identified as 
a member of a large cocaine-distribu- 
tion organization based in Agua Prieta 
and Hermosiilo, Sonora,” the docu- 
ment said. "Cocaine-laden aircraft that 
originate in Colombia are reported to 
land on Mexican airstrips at ranches 
allegedly owned by Teran Uribe.” The 
document also said Mr. Teran was be- 
lieved to be “involved in large-scale 
money laundering.” 

Within days of publication of the 
allegations agains t Mr. Teran — who 
asserts (hat his fortune came not from 
drugs but from years of hard work 
selling satellite dishes — he had a lead 
of 5 percent in the opinion polls. 

Reaction north or the border to the 
outcome of the July 6 elections further 
illustrated the complexities of the re- 
lationship between the two neighbors. 
The day Mr. Teran was proclaimed tire 
winner, the U.S. Senate passed a res- 
olution congratulating Mexico for its 
exercise . ia. democracy. At the same 
time, U.S. officials near the border were 
concerned about the alleged drug con- 
nections of die mayor-elect of Agua 
Prieta. But they also were worried about 
what impact the allegations would have 
on future cooperation with him. 


Costly Station Break 

WASHINGTON — Congressional 
budget negotiators are on the verge of 
awarding the politically powerful TV 
broadcast industry expanded rights to 
the public airwaves, an action likely 
to force the U.S. Treasury to forgo $5 
billion in anticipated revenue. 

In April, the Federal Communi- 
cations Commission diverged from a 
policy of auctioning off the commu- 
nications spectrum and gave TV 
broadcasters free slices of the air- 
waves to begin "high definition” 
digital broadcasts. In return, they 
were to give up their current fre- 
quencies by 2006. Bur a proposal in 
die balanced-budget bill would allow 
broadcasters to keep them indefin- 
itely. 

"This is equivalent to simply giv- 
ing away federally owned oil fields to 
oil companies,” said David Keating, 
executive vice president of the Na- 
tional Taxpayers Union. (WP) 

Republicans ’ Plight 

WASHINGTON — The Repub- 
lican infighting over the leadership' of 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

Old Ironsides Rigged to Sail 
After a Century at Anchor 

It was a far cry from the dramatic 
- entry the USS Constitution made during 
the War of 1812, when it sailed into 
Marblehead Harbor in Massachusetts to 
escape two British frigates in hot pur- 
suit Still, the 200-year-old wooden ship . 
left for die port Sunday to grand ac- 
claim, under tow bat on its first voyage 
in more than a century. 

The 24-mile (40-kilometer) voyage 
from the Charleston Navy Yard in Bos- 
ton was in part a training exercise. The 
crew got a chance to fill tbe sails with 
wind while keeping a line tied to a 
tugboat On Monday, tugs again were to 
take Old Ironsides out to sea. There, 
they wore to release ail lines, freeing the 
ship to run before the wind, as it once 
did so nobly. 

The Constitution was launched in 
1797. Its tough construction deflected 
cannonballs so easily that it was dubbed 


(he House speaker. Newt Gingrich, 
(hat led to the resignation to a top 
member of his team last week reflects 
far deeper problems than a debate 
over who will lead the House. 

Republican strategists say that ab- 
sence of leadership nationally and 
lack of consensus on a party agenda 
invite intensified intraparty conflict 
that will leave Republicans weakened 
in forthcoming battles with President 
Bill Clinton and the Democrats. The 
uproar over Mr. Gingrich's leader- 
ship helped crystallize a growing 
sense of frustration. 

As one party strategist put it, “The 
tragedy is that we're on the verge of 
passing a balanced budget and cutting 
taxes, and we’re in a circle shooting 
each other.” (WP) 

Quote/Unquote 

Representative Jennifer Dunn of 
Washington, defending the Repub- 
licans’, proposed tax cut as a boon for 
women: “The only people who think 
this tax relief bill is not good for 
women are those who don’t believe 
we women can manage our own 
money. And that thinking is certainly 
pass 6.” (AP) 


Old Ironsides. Undefeated in 30 en- 
gagements, the ship became a symbol of 
American arrival as a naval power. 

Over tlje past three years $12 million 
has been spent to return the 44-gun ship, 
in use as a museum, to seagoing con- 
dition. New sails and rigging had to be 
woven from synthetics, and wooden 
braces restored 

"Just the fact that we have her is 
astounding.” said David C as hm a n , 
who commanded the. ship from 1987 to 
1991. "That she’s alive and well is 
remarkable. ’ ’ No other ship of its age is 
in sailable condition. 

Short Takes 

A proposal to recognize same-sex 
marriages in tbe Episcopal Church, 
which has 2.5 million members in the ' 
United States, was rejected last week- ! 
end by a razor-thin margin. The head of | 
the church had appealed for tolerance. 
“It was Jesus, not me, who said there 
would be no outcasts," Presiding Bish- 
op Edmond Browning said at the 
church’s General Convention in Phil- 
adelphia. Lay delegations rejected the 
resolution to bless same-sex unions 
with a 56-56 tie vote. Clergy delega- 
tions voted 56 yes to 57 no. Passage 
would have required majority approval 


First Murder Seen as Clue 
In Spree by Versace Suspect 


By Dirk Johnson 

Near York Tim es Service 

MINNEAPOLIS — Just before the 
killings began. .Andrew Cun anan told 
friends in San Diego that he was flying 
to Minnesota to “settle some business” 
with an old friend, Jeffrey Trail. 

That is perhaps the most Tantalizin g 
clue in what the police call a murderous 
spree, starring with the killing of Mr. 
Trail, an engineer, in a loft apartment 
here on April 27, and the shooting of 
another friend, David Madson. a Min- 
neapolis architect, six days later. 

Mr. Cunanan, suspected in those slay- 
ings. continued Sunday to elude scores 
of law-enforcement officials in the 
Miami area, where he is wanted for the 
killing Tuesday of the Italian fashion 
designer Gianni Versace. But if there is 
ever to be any explanation for the baff- 
ling and horrifying campaign of vio- 
lence, with five murder victims in four 
states, the best chance for an answer 
would seem to start here: What set off 
Mr. Cunanan? 

Investigarors said that they did not 


by both groups. A vote on ordination of 
homosexuals is due later this week. 

A surprising 20 percent of "green” 
electricity customers are voluntarily 
paying a premium in a half-dozen pilot 
projects around the nation, according to a 
major study financed by 40 major public 
utilities, tbe Los Angeles Times reports. 
The findings are the most solid evidence 
yet that many of Americans will pay 
®ctra for power derived from sources 
such as solar and wind. 

Mills College, in Oakland, Cali- 
fornia, bad brush to be cleared, so it 
called on “Goats R Us” to provide 500 
of the four-legged browsers. Their ef- 
forts, which included some fertilization 
— gratis — appeared satisfactory. But 
the Teamsters Union said the goats were 
"union busters.” The college had an 
agreement, said a local union official. 
Chuck Mack, calling for die use of 
human workers. He suggested, 
however, that the school could make 
good if had the goats join the union. But 
he added this tongue-in-cheek caution 
in a letter to the college: “We intend to 
represent them in the same aggressive 
manner we do every other member.” 


Brian Knowlton 


know how Mr. Cunanan and Mr. Trail 
met, but that they believed them to have 
been romantically linked, at least for a 
time, while they were living in San Diego. 
Mr. Trail, a graduate of tbe U.S. Naval 
Academy who had been stationed there, 
left the area after his discharge in the 
spring of 1996 and briefly lived in die 
Sacramento area to become a cadet in die 
California Highway PatroL In November, 
he moved to Minnesota and began work- 
ing as a district manager for Ferre llgas, a 
propane company near Minneapolis. 

The police said they had yet to deter- 
mine the meaning of Mr. Cunanan 's 
remark about settling business with Mr. 
Trail. 

Members of the victim’s family dis- 
missed the idea thar the two men were 
ever lovers, but they suggested that Mr. 
Cunanan had a strange fascination with 
Mr. Trail, 28. One of Mr. Trail’s sisters, 
Lisa, said Mr. Cunanan had seemed to 
idolize her brother. 

“When Jeff got a haircut. Andrew 
had to have the exact samehaircut,’' she 
said. "When Jeff went to San Francisco 
and got a certain style of baseball cap, 
Andrew had to go to San Francisco and 
get the very same cap. When Jeff grew a 
goatee. Andrew grew a goatee.” 

She said her brother initially found Mr. 
Cunanan to be “very entertaining, witty, 
boisterous,” but later became much less 
fond of him. Just before Mr. Cunanan ’s 
trip to Minnesota in April, she said, her 
brother had told another sister that he 
“did not want Andrew to come.” 

“Jeff had just started a new relation- 
ship.” his sister Lisa said. Her brother, 
she said, feared Mr. Cunanan might in- 
sinuate himself in a way that would make 
trouble for Mr. Trail and his partner. 

Often described as boisterous and 
charming, Mr. Cunanan had become 
dispirited before flying to Minneapolis 
on April 25, some acquaintances said. 

Not long before his trip to Minnesota, 
Mr. Cunanan discovered he had the vi- 
rus that causes AIDS, his friends in 
California told investigators, said a 
spokeswoman for the Minneapolis Po- 
lice Department. 

■ An Unrelated Miami Killing 

Police officials said that they had 
made an arrest in the killing of a Miami 
Sprmgs doctor and that the slaying had 
nothing to do with tbe murder of Mr. 
Versace. The New York Times report- 
ed. The FBI had joined the investigation 
of the doctor’s death after witnesses' 
descriptions of a man fleeing the scene 
matched that of Mr. Cunanan. 


Funds Probci 
Fails to Get 
Proof of Plot 

Known and Unknoicn 
In the Senate Hearings 

By David E. Rosenbaum 

York Times Sen-ice 

WASHINGTON — After two weeks 
of Senate hearings on campaign finance 
practices, it is fair, as the lawyers say, to 
stipulate the follow ing: 

• The Chinese government had a plan 
to try to influence the American election 
campaign last year. 

• The Lippo Group, tbe finan cial con- 
glomerate based in Indonesia, has a 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

close business relationship with the 
Chinese government. 

• The Riady family, which controls 
tbe Lippo Group, has long been a patron 
of President Bill Clinton. 

• John Huang, who was Lippo’s chief 
representative in the United States, was 
awarded a patronage position in the 
administration as a deputy assistant sec- 
retaiy of commerce not because of his 
expertise in trade matters bur because he 
was a loyal fund-raiser for the Demo- 
cratic Party and was personally 
sponsored by the president. 

• Because of his position. Mr. Huang 
had access to classified information that 
would be useful to Lippo. 

• During the 1 8 months he was at the 
Commerce Department, Mr. Huang reg- 
ularly used a private office across the 
street from his official one. was often in 
contact with Lippo officials and fre- 
quently visited the White House. 

• Both before and after his stay at 
Commerce, and perhaps during it, Mr. 
Huang was a prodigious fund-raiser 
who often skirted the law. 

While those points were demon- 
strated incontrovertibly. the Republican 
senators and their staff investigators 
failed to prove their most important 
suspicions, which they never expressed 
explicitly but suggested obliquely: that 
Mr. Huang had been either a conduit for 
the Chinese government to pour money 
illegally into the Clinton re-election 
campaign, or an industrial spy for 
Lippo. or both. 

In the case of the Chinese plot, the 
Republicans have been unable to prove 
that any of Beijing’s money was ac- 
tually put into any American campaign, 
much less the president’s. As for 
Lippo’s ties with China. Thomas 
HampsOn. the expert witness who de- 
scribed the connection, was unable to 
say whether Chinese money was part of 
Lippo’s enterorises in the United Stated 
or whether China Resources, the com- 
mercial arm of the Chinese government 
that does business with Lippo, had any 
activities in this country. < 

No evidence was offered showing 
that Mr. Huang had been hired by the 
Commerce Department in a way any 
different from uie way hundreds of oth- 
er patronage appointments have been 
made by this and other presidential ad- 
ministrations. 

The Central Intelligence Agency of- 
ficer who briefed Mr. Huang on clas- 
sified matters testified that he had done 
so not at Mr. Huang's request but on the 
instructions of one of Mr. Huang's su- 
periors. The CIA officer said he had no 
indication that the classified material 
had been misused. 

As for the Republican hunch that Mr. 
Huang took classified documents to the 
private office across the street from the 
Commerce Department and copied them 
or faxed them to Lippo, the secretary in 
that office testified tnai she did not know 
whether Mr. Huang had ever used the 
copier or the fax machine. 

So what the Republicans were left 
with was evidence that' Mr. Huang 
might have broken laws by soliciting 
campaign contributions from abroad" 
laundering contributions as well and 
engaging in partisan politics while on 
the government payroll. 

No testimony was offered showing 
that Mr. Huang had dealt in Chinese 
government money. And what wa$ 
proved was a far cry from corroboration 
of the assertion by Senator Fred 
Thompson, the Tennessee Republican 
who heads of the Senate Governmental 
Affairs Committee, who in opening the 
hearings, declared that a Chinese plot 
“affected the 1996 presidential race.” ' 


CIA Demands Investigation of Ex- Agent 


By Walter Pincus 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — The CIA has asked the Justice 


the former head of the CIA's Near East Division, Frank 
Anderson, the former CIA director, John Deutch, and 
a former national security adviser. Brent Scowcroft. 
According to The Post article, Mr. Marik said he 


Department to investigate what it calls unauthorized organized flights over Baghdad to drop leaflets, or- 


disclosnres to news organizations last month by 
former agency officials of secret covert activities 
aimed at President Saddam Hussein of Iraq, agency 
and congressional sources say. 

An article in The Washington Post and an ABC 
television documentary, both of which appeared last 
month (IHT. June 27), described Central Intelligence 
Agency attempts that began in 1991 to destabilize or 
overthrow Mr. Saddam. 

Both reports featured a recently retired CIA case 
officer, Warren Marik. The documentary also featured 


ganized military training for Kurdish guerrillas in 
northern Iraq and oversaw radio and television pro- 
paganda denouncing Mr. Saddam's regime. 

m an interview last week, Mr. Marik said be "did 
not disclose sources and methods,” the most guarded 
of CIA secrets, adding, ‘ ‘The information I discussed 
had already been out in public.” 

Present and former CLA officials said they doubted 
much would come of an inquiry because it eventually 
would require disclosing the very information the 
agency wanted to protect, agency lawyers said. 


Away From 
Politics 

• The typical American 
household is spending less 
on stamps and the personal 
computer is a major reason, a 
Stanford University professor 
has told the Postal Rate Com- 
mission. (WP) 


• Four deaf and mute Mex- 
icans led New York City po- 
lice officers to two houses 
crammed with 62 deaf, in- 
dentured immigrant workers. 
Seven people were auested 
after the raid. (AP. NYT) 

• The University of Califor- 
nia's regents agreed to an $8 
million settlement of lawsuits 
accusing a campus fertility 


4 : 




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PAGE 4 


EVTCRNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 



ASIA/PACIFIC 


Taiwan Moves 
To Phase Out 
Its Provincial 
Government 


6 t fto Jfcjf From £*[y«Ti hr\ 

TAIPEI — Taiwan said Sunday that 
it would reduce the size of its provincial 
government, a move sure to provoke 
Beijing, which considers such a step as a 
move toward independence. 

The governing Nationalist Party and 
the pro-independence Democratic Pro- 


gressive Party joined forces last week 
duriE 


luring the National Assembly's con- 
stitutional amendment session to ap- 
prove a proposal to phase out provincial 
government, whose responsibilities 
largely overlap those of the central gov- 
ernment. 

Nationalists say this will save 60 bil- 
lion Taiwanese dollars (S2.2 billion) a 
year, but analysts said it would fuel 
China’s fear that Taiwan is moving to- 
ward full independence rather than 
eventual reunion. Taipei has kept up the 
provincial authority under its claim of 
sovereignty ova “all China." 

' "We wul soon set up a special com- 
mittee to make plans for the down- 
sizing." said Vincent Siew. a legislator 
who heads a Nationalise Party panel on 
amending the constitution. "We will 
invite the provincial government to send 
representatives to discuss the issue, and 
I believe it will do so." 

China views Taiwan as a renegade 
province to be reunified with the main- 
land, and it has warned that it will not 
tolerate moves to independence and will 
use force if necessary to prevent it. 

Nevertheless, Taipei continues ef- 
forts to win recognition in the inter- 
national community. The Foreign Min- 
istry said Sunday that John Chang, 
foreign minister would Qy to Belize and 
four countries in die Caribbean on Tues- 
day ro solicit diplomatic backing. 

Mr. Chang will conclude his trip Au- 
gust 2 after visiting Saint Kitts-Nevis. 
the Commonwealth of Dominica, Saint 
Vincent and the Grenadines and the 
Dominican Republic. 

■ A publication in Taiwan, meanwhile, 
said Beijing had ordered an official to 


Q & A I Prince Norodom Ranariddh 


Ex~Leader Urges Rejection of Cambodia Regime 


Since being ousted as Cambodia's 
first prime minister in a military coup 
July 6 by Second Prime Minister Hun 
Sen, Prince Norodom Ranariddh has 
been in Europe, the United Stores and 
Asia to rally support for the reinstate- 
ment of democratic rule. In Singapore 
on Sunday, he spoke with Michael 
Richardson of the International Her- 
ald Tribune about Cambodia's pros- 
pects. 

Q. Foreign ministers of the Asso- 
ciation of South East Asian Nations 
will hold their annual meeting in Kuala 
Lumpur starting Wednesday. What 
should the group do now that Mr. Hun 
Sen has rejected its mediation efforts? 

A. I would encourage ASEAN to 
continue trying to end the very serious 
crisis in Cambodia. While Mr. Hun 
Sen rejected Che ASEAN initiative on 
Saturday, both the king and I very 
firmiy support it. The United States, 
the European Union, Japan and Aus- 
tralia are also supportive. So Mr. Hun 
Sen is isolated. 

The international community 
should not recognize the government 
in Phnom Penh because it is the result 
of a coupd’tSlai. International pressure, 
particularly economic pressure, should 
be applied. 

Q. Would that be effective? 

A. The economic situation in Cam- 
bodia is already very bad. Even before 
the coup, we did not have any money to 
pay our soldiers and civil servants for 
four months. There is now no invest- 
ment and no income for the state 
budget, which depends more than 60 
percent on external assistance. 

In such a situation, when threatened 
with political anarchy and military dis- 


organization. Mr. Hun Sen 
cannot resist international 
economic sanctions and iso- 
lation for long. 

Q. The recently appointed 
U.S. envoy to Cambodia, 
Stephen Solaiz, says that in 
seeking the restoration of die 
coalition government in 
Phnom Penh and the holding 
of free and fair elections in 
1998. ASEAN and other 
concerned countries should 
adopt a tough and coordin- 
ated policy toward Mr. Hun 
Sen. including denial of aid 
to his regime. Is that theright 
approach? 

A. It is the only approach. 
If it becomes the common 
policy, it will soon be pos- 
sible to have a dialogue with 
Hun Sen and return to the 
democratic political frame- 
work that emerged from the 
1991 Paris peace agreement 



A. It is very unfortunate 
that when we were so close 
to dismantling the Khmer 
Rouge as a unified political 
and military movement, Hun 
Sen’s coup opened the door 
to their resurgence. 

That must concern the in- 
ternational community. 
When resistance and a civil 
war are looming, you cannot 
say that what is happening in 
Cambodia is only a domestic 
or internal affair. The in- 
stability will affect other 
countries in the region, start- 
ing with Thailand. All the 
Khmer Rouge military bases 
are along the Thai -Cambod- 
ian border. 

Q. Is there a human rights 
dimension to what has 
happened in Cambodia? 

A. If the original National 
Assembly and coalition gov- 
ernment are not restored and 


ieace agreement eminent are run rca.Luicu <uiu 

and the 1993 elections su- Prince Ranariddh announcing the formation of a Cam- Hun Sen is allowed to rule as 
pervised by the United Na- bodian opposition at a news conference in Bangkok, a strongman, democracy and 

freedom are finished, 
civil war in Cambodia. I do not want Killings, torture and even mass ex- 
that, but 1 cannot prevent it. 

If the democratic forces in Cam- 


tions, including a coalition 
government with two prime ministers 
— myself and Hun Sen. 

Q. What will happen if ASEAN and 
other members of the international 
community accept Mr. Hun Sen's 
seizure of power as a fait accompli? 

A. It would mean recognizing afake 
coalition government in Cambodia and 
a fake National Assembly. Mr. Ung 
Huot, who was named last week to 
succeed me as first prime minister, is a 
puppet of Hun Sen. If the international 
community gives in to Mr. Hun Sen. I 
fear that there will be a resumption of 


_ in 

bodia, which 1 stand for, are not sup- 
ported by the international community, 
it will allow the Khmer Rouge to rep- 
resent the resistance to Mr. Hun Sen. 
Already they have labeled his gov- 
ernment as a Vietnamese -ins tailed re- 
gime. And people are listening. It's an 
old song, put a very effective one in 
Cambodia. 

Q. Aren't the Khmer Rouge a spent 
force? . 


editions are taking place against the 
royalist Funcinpec party, which I lead, 
and members of the opposition. 

I do not believe suen actions could 
be carried out without the consent, if 


not the orders, of top people in the 
" 'r. Hun Sen him- 


regime, including Mr. 
self. 

That is why I am asking the United 
Nations to set up a special commission 
to investigate human rights abuses. We 
must not allow Cambodia to return to 
the killing fields and civil war. 


Dissidents Urge Beijing to Release Demonstrators 


visit Taipei next month, thawing its 
FTaii 


freeze of Taiwan contacts. 

Liu Gangqi, deputy secretary general 
of the Association for Relations Across 
the Taiwan Strait, will attend a seminar 
August 4-5 in Taipei, the Economic 
Daily News said, despite the suspension 
of talks between the semi-official 
Chinese agency and its Taiwan coun- 
terpart, the Strait Exchange Foundation. 
The Beijing agency informed its Taiwan 
counterpan of the visit. ( Reuters . AFP) 


Reuters 

BEIJING — Two Chinese dissidents 
have appealed to President Jiang Zemin 
to release workers detained for taking 
part this month in demonstrations 
against job losses, a human-rights group 
said Sunday. 

The two dissidents. Shen Liangqing 
and Zhang Lin, sent an open letter Friday 
to Mr. Jiang, Prime Minister Li Peng and 
the chairman of the National People's 
Congress. Qiao Shi, protesting against 
the treatment of workers involved in the 
demonstrations in southwestern Sichuan 
province, the New York-based group 
Human Rights in China said. 

In their letter, the dissidents said they 


hoped the government would pursue the 
"complete modernization" of politics, 
die economy and society "through 
democratic and legal means." 

Several thousand people staged 
demonstrations in the city erf Mianyang 
on July 7 after at least three local state-run 
textile' companies declared bankruptcy. 

The police dispersed the angry fac- 
tory^ orkers and detained several lead- 
ers, local officials said. They dismissed 
reports that 100,000 people 'look parr in 
the protests and that some protesters 
were wounded. 

Worker unrest is one of the greatest 
fears of China's leadership. But Beijing 
has put reform of money-losing state 


companies at the top of its economic 
agenda this year, pushing through with 
bankruptcies that they had delayed for 
years for fear of social unrest. 

Reports of increasing numbers of dar- 
ing protests by disgruntled workers 
have surfaced in recent years as eco- 
nomic change has resulted in layoffs 
from lumbering stare factories. 

Mr. Shen ana Mr. Zhang, both from 
Hefei in eastern Anhui Province, de- 
manded the release of those detained, 
medical treatment for the wounded and 
an official investigation. 

Mr. Shen, a former prosecutor in An- 
hui, offered to take part in an inves- 
tigation as an observer or prosecutor. He 


Mondays 

Wednesdays 

Fridays 

and 


Saturdays 


i ; 




JAPANESE CELEBRATE WITH A SPLASH — People cooling ofT in a .swimming pool in Tokyo on Sunday. Thousands of 
people visited the pool after the national weather service announced the end of the rainy season all over the country. 


BRIEFLY 


Gunmen Kill Legislator 


And 5 Others in Sri Lanka 


The EHTs Intermarket regularly features 
two pages of classified advertising 
for the following categories: 


MONDAY Recruitment. Education. 

Secretarial. Internet Services. 
WEDNESDAY Business Opportunities. Franchises. 
Commercial Real Estate. 
Telecommunications, Automotive, 
Entertainment 

FRIDAY Holidays. Travel. Dining Out. 
Residential Real Estate. 

SATURDAY Arts. Friendships. International 

Meeting Point, Nannies & Domestics. 


i 1 i 
i :s 


COLOMBO — A Muslim legislator in Sri 
Lanka's main opposition United National 
Party and five others were slain Sunday, the 
police said. 

Unidentified gunmen opened fire on Mo- 
hammed MoharooF s vehicle on a road in the 
eastern region, they said, adding that the dead 
included a child. 

State radio also reported later Sunday that 
the police airesied a suspected Tamil Tiger 
guerrilla who had entered u Muslim religious 
festival elsewhere in eastern Sri Lanka to 
assassinate Pons Minister Mohammed 
Ashraff. The man was found to have been 
carrying a pistol and hand grenades, the 
broadcast said. i Reuters. AFPt 


in when a group of Burmese refugees tried to 
prevent repatriation of some of the 21.000 
refugee* in Bangladesh frontier camps. 
Bangladesh has stated it wants them all to 
return to Burma. 

About 250.000 Muslims from the state of 
Rafcliinc. known as Rohingyas. tied to 
Bangladesh m 1991. saying they were es- 
caping repression and human rights viola- 
tions. Most were seni back after a 1993 ac- 
cord. (AFP) 


Red Faces in Australia 


India-Bangladesh Pact 


A g reat deal ha p pens at The intermarket 
Call Sarah Wershof on +44 171 420 0348 


•i! 


Burma Muslims Ejected 


■ * i 


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Tiff: WORLD'S 0111.1 NOISPIPER 


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CHITTAGONG. Bangladesh — At least 
1 0 people were w ounded Sunday when police 
officers opened fire with gun> and tear gas on 
a crowd trying to prevent the deportation of 
Muslim refugees to Burma, officials said. 

Despite the violence at the Naupara refugee 
camp in the southeast, the authorities went 
ahead with the repatriation of 316 refugees, 
they said. 

Four policemen were hospitalized along 
with two people who suffered bullci wounds, 
they added, without giving details. 

Local officials said the" police were called 


DHAKA. Bangladesh — India and 
Bangladesh agreed Sunday on immediate 
steps to resolve a water-sharing problem over 
the Tcesia River and to continue cooperation 
tn flood management. 

“We reached the agreement after a thor- 
ough discussion in a brotherly atmosphere." 
the Indian minister of state for water re- 
sources. Sees Ram Ola. said after two days of 
talks with his Bangladeshi counterpart, Ahdur 
Razzuk. 

The resolution ends a major disagreement 
between the two neighbors. 

Water sharing from the Tccslu and 53 other 
rivers that run Tn both countries came up for 
discussion at the two-day meeting of the Ini In- 
Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission, which 
began in Dhaka on Saturday after a break of 
seven years. 

Last year, Bangladesh and India signed a 
landmark 30-year treaty on .sharing the w aters 
of the Ganges. The dispute over the Ganges 
had been a decade-old irritant. (At P » 


SYDNEY — Australia's Foreign Ministry 
and diplomats have been severely embar- 
rassed by the unauthorized disclosure of a 
report describing many South Pacific leaders 
as inept or corrupt. 

The 93-page report was left on a table 
outside the South Pacific Forum of Economic 
Ministers, meeting in Cairns, and picked up 
by a reporter. 

The Sydney Morning Herald reported Sat- 
urday that the report says Nauru is on the 
brink of economic collapse, and accuses 
many island governments of being unwilling 
to accept basic economic reforms. It names 
ministers in Papua New Guinea. Solomon 
Islands. Vanuatu and the Cook Islands as 
corrupt or incompetent. iAP, 



i 


Surrendered 



Opposition Planes Hit 
Kabul During Battle 





to Our 5jw? Fnxx Dlfjwhrs 

KABUL — The Afghan opposition 
alliance said Sunday that its forces had 
taken a strategic town and a nearby air 
base in a major rout of the Taleban 
militia north of Kabul, which was hit by 
a deadly air raid in concert with the 
ground attack. 

A Taleban spokesman, quoted by a 
Pakistan-based Afghan news service, 
confirmed that the town, Charikar, 64 
kilometers (40 miles) from the capital, 
fell to the opposition Saturday night; bnt 
he had no word on the opposition report 
that its forces had also taken Bagram air 
base Sunday morning. 

In the worst of four air strikes against 
Kabul, eight civilians were reported 
killed and 12 seriously wounded. 

An official of the government ousted 


was jailed for 17 months for his role in the 
1989 democracy demonstrations that 
were crushed by the army. 

The two dissidents called on the gov- 
ernment to establish a social security 
system to protect workers' rights. 

Last week. Mr. Shen sent an open 
letter to China's top leaders, warning 
thar any attempt by Mr. Jiang to revive 
the title of chairman held by Mao 
Zedong would start a slide deep into 
dictatorship. 

Mr. Zhang, who was jailed for two 
years after the 1989 protests, last month 
completed three years of re-education 
through labor for his advocacy of de- 
mocracy. 


her said 300 Taleban fighters had been 
killed in the battles north of Kabul. The 
official, who did not want to be named, 
was speaking by satellite telephone 
from the Panjsher valley stronghold of 
Ahmed Shah Masoud, military com- 
mander in the former administration. 

Mr. Masoud. speaking by telephone, 
said, "The Taleban fled, leaving behind 
their heavy weapons. ' ' 

Journalists, who tried to reach the area 
Sunday morning were turned back by 
Taleban fighters. 

The goal of Mr. Masoud ’s attacking 
force was to cut off, surround and elim- 
inate as many of the Taleban front-line 
fighters as possible, said a spokesman 
for the opposition, Abdullah, speaking 
by telephone. 

The Pakistan-based Afghan Islamic 
Press quoted the Taleban spokesman as- 
saying the militia had lost control of 
Charikar, capital of Parawan Province, 
but had sent 200' fresh soldiers ro the 
front line near the Bagram air base and 
were pushing back opposition fighters. 

Charikar fell to the Taleban in Janu- 
ary'. but has been under pressure from 
opposition forces for more than a month 
since they took the town of Jabal os- 
Siraj, 70 kilometers north of Kabul. 

Charikar controls access to the 
Ghorband valley, where the Taleban is 
fighting forces of the Hezb-i-Wahdat 
faction, a mainly Shiite Muslim party in 
the opposition alliance. 

Bagram air base has long been Ka- 
bul's main military airfield, but it has 
been out of action for 10 months be- 
cause it was too close to the front line. 

The Taleban forces have been under 
continuous pressure since they briefly 
captured most of the opposition-held 
north of the country in May. 

In the air raids, bombs hit the roof of 
a rwo-srory concrete house in Kabul’s 
Khairkhana district, where relatives and 
neighbors were later digging through 
the rubble in search for survivors, wit- 
nesses said. Streets in Kabul were deser- 
ted as civilians feared further attacks on 
the citv. (Reuters, AFP) 




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Vietnamese Report 
A Heavy Turnout 
For New Assembly 


4 Die in Pakistan Clash 


LAHORE. Pakistan — Three Indtan sol- 
diers and a Pakistani girl died in a weekend 
clash along the border over the placement of 
Indian barricades. Pakistani authorities said. 

The Saturday shootout, about 200 kilo- 
meters i!25 miles) east of Islamabad in 
Pakistan's Punjab Province, started after In- 
dian border guards erected new barricades 
that Pakistan soldiers asserted were in 
Pakistani territory, the officials said. 

Skirmishes between the two countries are 
common, and residents of the area said reg- 
ular dashes have persisted despite revived 
talks between the two governments. i.\Pt 


C.*rfLidln fiw Suff Fi-vDi futi hr > 

HANOI — Election officials in 
Hanoi said Sunday that nation wide elec- 
tions for a new and larger National 
Assembly had been successful, with a 
big turnout despite heavy rains and 
flooding. 

One official. Nguyen Si Dung of the 
.National Assembly Information Center, 
said reports from around the country 
showed the highest turnout in the south, 
with at least mo provinces reporting 
levels over 99 percent. 

"I think it’s been a quite successful 
day, and the turnout so far has be en very 
high.” he said. 

The voting for the 450 member As- 
sembly, while not compulsory, was 
heavily promoted as a "national fes- 
ijval." one in which aJJ citizens should 
take part. 

Many voters said they knew little 
about the candidates and decided whom 
to vote for only on the basis of pho- 
tographs and biographical details sup- 
plied to them when they arrived at the 
polling stations. 

"My vote doesn't make any differ- 
ence, a recent college graduate said in 
conuncnung on his reaction. "But if I 
don i vote, then the police will come 
knocking on my door." 

The new legislature will be full of 
new faces, with less than a third of the 
members of the outgoing assembly 

seeking re-election. 

It will also be younger and better 
educated and it will also have more 
women. 

The Communist Party general sec- 
retary. Do Muoi, who described the 
elections as Vietnam's most democratic 
ever, did not seek re-election. 

He said he was now prepared to step 
down from the appointed position of 
pari) - leader. 

^|l®f the 663 candidates were vetted 
by officials, and the vast majority were 
from the ruling Communist Party. 

But voters were able to choose from 
among workers, labor union represen - 
tatives. educators and others who were 
running against the longtime Commu- 
nist Pam veterans. 

A total of 202 were women, in con- 
formance with leadership directives 
aimed al ensuring that women would 
occupy about 30 percent of the sears in 
,hc nv ™ legislature. (Reuters. A P) 


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PAGE £ 


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Serbs in Bosnia 
Push Out Leader 

Party Orders Her to Step Down 


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1,600 Poles Flee 
Southwest Floods 


f - • *"V ii«iJ *'■ « './■ r H #-i /'^sdi 

PALE. Bosnia- Herzegovi- 
na — Bosnian Serb hard- 
liners. waging a battle for 
power, have expelled Pres- 
ident Biljaru Plavsic from 
their ruling pany and deman- 
ded that she step down from 
office, a panv official said 
Sunday. 

The' vote Saturday to kick 
Mrs. Pbvsic out of the Serb 
Democratic Pany followed 
her outspoken attacks on 
Radovan Karadzic. the 
former president of the Bos- 
nian Serbs who has been in- 
dicted for war crimes. In an 
article to be published Mon- 
day in the German publication 
Der Spiegel, she threatened to 
arrest Nix. Karadzic and his 
allies for corruption. 

The vote coincided with re- 
pons that Nonh Atlantic 
Treaty Organization forces 
staged a show of force Sat- 
urday near Mr. Karadzic's 
home in Pale. 

But the NATO-led force in 
Bosnia denied Sunday that a 
special operation had been 
mounted. “There is no un- 
usual patrolling activity in - 
Pale.” said Major Chris Ri- 
ley, a NATO spokesman. 

The decision to expel Mrs. 
Plavsic has long been expec- 
ted. Hard-liners had already 
excluded her from decision- 
making in the party. 

But her accusations of cor- 
ruption against Mr. Karadzic 
have lapped strong public 
support among ordinary Bos- 
nian Serbs, many of them liv- . 
ing at subsistence levels in 
contrast with the wealth 
flaunted by Mr. Karadzic and 
his allies. 

The move against Mrs. 
Plavsic risked splitting the 
Bosnian Serb entity in two, 
with rival governments in 
Banja Luka where she is 
.based and Pale, the hard- 
liners’ stronghold to the 
southeast of Sarajevo. 

The expulsion does not af- 
fect her legal position as pres-, 
idem. The constitution re- 
quires that Parliament call a 
referendum to remove the 
president. ( Reuters , AFP) 


■ U*S. Warns Croatia 

The U.S. ambassador to the 
United Nations, Bill Richard- 
son, said Sunday that Croatia's 
integration into Western insti- 
tutions and its relations with 
the United States largely de- 
pended on whether ethnic Ser- 
bian refugees can return home. 
The Associated Press reported 
from Zagreb. Croatia. 

Mr. Richardson made his 
comments during a visit to 
Eastern Slavonia, the last Ser- 
bian-held area of Croatia, a 
day after a meeting with the 
Croatian president. Franjo 
Tudjman, who agreed to al- 
low all minority Serbs lo re- 
turn to their homes, a move he 
has long opposed. 








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rtalqipL 

REMEMBER] Nil THE HOLOCAUST — Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, left, speaking 
with Joseph Sitruk, the head rabbi of France, at a ceremony Sunday on the site of the former Velodrome 
d’Hiver, a Parisian stadium where Jews were rounded up and deported during the German occupation. 


r.,>V i.W4i Hat IK<i‘.th &■> 

WARSAW — Hundreds 
of people were evacuated 
from towns in Poland and the 
Czech Republic overnight as 
rivers burst their banks alter 
torrential rain, local author- 
ities said Sunday. 

In southwest Poland, more 
than 1 .600 people were evac- 
uated overnight Saturday, 
while dozens more waited 
Sunday morning on their 
roofs to be rescued by mil- 
itary helicopter. 

Across the border in the 
Czech Republic a similar op- 
eration was carried out to evac- 
uate hundreds of people from 
their homes in the north, many 
of them for the second time in 
10 days, while in the east, 
along the Oder River, a state of 
emergency was declared. 

But Polish authorities said 
the risk of new larse-scale 


flooding had receded, though!, 
the situation remained serious 
in several places, notably,, 
Wroclaw. Raciborz and Leg-* 
nica, all in the southwest. 

More than 100 people have 
died this month in flooding in 
Eastern and Central Europe, 
with Poland suffering the- 
heaviest toll, with 49 dead. foI-_ 
lowed by the Czech Republic.- 
where 4& people have died. 

The rain was also causing 
problems Sunday in Germany - 
and Italy. In eastern Ger-_ 
many, the Oderbroke through 
defenses in several places., 
prompting a state of emer- 
gency, but the authorities said 
the river had stopped rising. 

In Italy, 40 people were 
injured Sunday morning, two 
of them seriously, when a tor- 
nado sw ept through the beach, 
resort of Bibione. near, 
Venice. {AFP. AP) 


BRIEFLY 


Closer Turkey- Cyprus Tie More Bombs in Algeria 


ANKARA — The government announced 
plans Sunday to gradually integrate nonhem 
Cyprus into Turkey to match any moves by the 
Greek-Cypriot pan of the divided island to join 
the European Union. 

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, 
which Turkey has occupied for 23 years and which 
is only recognized by Ankara, signed on accord 
with Turkey for a “step by step" integration of 
economic and political institutions, the semi-of- 
ficial Anatolian News Agency reported. 

The accord was announced by Turkey's deputy 
prime minister, Bulent Ecevit, who arrived in 
northern Cyprus on Sunday to mark the 23rd 
anniversary of Turkey's invasion of the northern 
third of the island on July 20. 1974. f AFP) 


HARIS — Two bombs exploded almost si- 
multaneously in two cafes in the western Algerian 
town of Tlemecn. killing one person and wound- 
ing 30, an Algerian newspaper reported Sunday. 

The home-made bombs ripped through the 
cafes in central TIemcen at about 10.30 A.M. on 
Saturday, destroying the two coffee shops, El 
Watan newspaper said. 

More than 350 people have been killed in 
massacres of villagers in remote hamlets and in 
bomb attacks, mainly in Algiers, since the June 
parliamentary election that many Algerians had 
hoped would help end the conflict in their country 
between armed Islamic groups and the military- 
backed government. t Reuters) 


the United Nations, put an end to the civil war, in 
which tens of thousands people were killed and 
many more were forced to flee their homes for 
safety in neighboring Afghanistan. 

Under the peace agreement, each side has to 
release 50 prisoners at the first stage of ex- 
change. 

The government says about 2.000 of its ser- 
vicemen are being held by the opposition. The 
opposition says up to 600 its fighters are in 
government prisons. ( Reuters ) 


For the Record 


rr . i cz i • ail • Tajik Prisoner Exchange 

Higher Stakes m Albania J ... ^ 

O HI ISHANRF TaiiL-tcion Tha civ-ulnr e 


TIRANA — Albania's new Socialist majority, 
raising the stakes in a standoff with President Soli 
Berisha, said Sunday that if he failed to decree the 
sitting of the new Parliament they would convene 
it themselves. 

Mr. Berisha, whose Democratic Party suffered 
a resounding defeat in the June 29 elections, has 
promised to resigm once he has “fulfilled his 
constitutional obligations." but he shows no im- 
mediate sign of stepping down. 

Nearly 300 Italian soldiers polled out of this 
still chaotic country Saturday. Thousands of other 
foreign troops are soon to follow. Eight nations 
sent troops to Albania in ApriL (Reuters, AP J 


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3. Ring-binder pages are quick to 
add. update or rearrange. 


DUSHANBE, Tajikistan — The secular gov- 
ernment and the Islamic opposition have begun 
exchanging prisoners under a peace deal that 
ended a four-year civil war in this former Soviet 
republic, a United Nations official said. 

* ‘Seven government prisoners were exchanged 
late on Friday for seven opposition fighters," the 
UN official said. "Each side also released 20 
persons on Saturday morning." 

The official said the exchanges had taken place 
near the settlement of Childara, 160 kilometers 
{ 100 miles) east of Dushanbe. He said they had 
been started in line with a final peace agreement 
signed in Moscow on June 27. 

The peace deal, brokered by Iran. Russia and 


5. Laminated tabs tel you Uim 
right to the names you need. 


President Aslan Maskhadov of Chechnya 
has removed the bead of the security service for 
the rebel Russian region, Russian news agencies 
said. They said Mr. Maskhadov replaced Abu 
Movsayev on.Saturday with his deputy, a former 
separatist guerrilla commander. Anti Batalov. 
They gave no reason for the decision. Hosiage- 
taking has become a huge problem in Chechnya, 
where Russian troops fougnt separatist forces for 
21 months until last August. (Reuters) 

Turkish troops killed 50 Kurdish guerrillas 
in clashes Sunday in southeastern Turkey near 
Hakkari. officials said. The casualties increased 
the number of rebels killed since last week to 84, 
the regional governor's office said. One soldier 
was killed. Turkey cracked down on Kurdish 
rebels in northern Iraq in May but has since 
withdrawn most of its 25,000 troops from the 
region. The military says it killed 3.000 rebels 
while losing 113 troops; the rebels dispute the 
figures. (AP) 


On September o. 199 7 the JUT 
will jiublixh a Sponsored Section on 


The Interactive 
Industry 

• The convergence of communications 
and information technologies - 

a new industry emerges. 

• Solutions to the problem of Internet 
access speed. 

• Web T\. digital TV: the next addition 
lo the interactive industry. 

• Telemedicine - how does it work? 


This section coincides with the ITUh Telecom Interactive _ 
’97 Forum and Exhibition. For further information, 
please contact Bill Mahder in Paris at +33 1 41 43 93 78; t 
fax: +33 1 41 43 92 13 ore-mail: supplements(^ihtcom 


THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


■J. Hhi will have enough spacious 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


■ - ft 


L. . 


INTERNATIONAL 


AGENCY: 

CIA Limps to 50 

Continued from Page I 






Chagrin Aboard Mir 

American Regrets He ll Miss Repair 


fife 


The CIA's charter members — 

“bankers and tycoons, safecrackers and 
forgers, printers and playwrights, athletes 
and circus men," as a future director, 

William Casey, wrote — were a talented 
crew forged in the fires of World War II. 

New recruits came from the nation's best 
universities. Soon there were thousands. 

Their power grew with the Cold War. 

President Dwight Eisenhower told them 
to launch coups in Iran and Guatemala. 

“These succeeded," Mr. Helms said. 

"They attracted a lot of attention. With 
the attention, the CIA was identified 
with covert action," a tool of an imperial 
president in imperiled times. 

The agency convinced President John 
Kennedy that covert operations were a 
cheap alternative to sending in the Mar- 
ines — then refuted the argument with the 
disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion in 1 961. 

"Public support began to erode with 
the Bay of Pigs," Mr. Schiesinger said. 

In 1 975. as Saigon fell, the CIA’s own 
ramparts were breached by congression- 
al investigators who exposed the 
agency’s relationships with foreign gov- 
ernments, generals and goon squads. _ _ . . „ „ 

Since 1991, the agency has had five A Belfast youngster taking a peek through a British soldier's gun sights on Sunday as the new IRA cease-fire 
directors; nor one has lasted as long as brought at least a temporary halt to the violence and tension that have torn Northern Ireland for many years, 
two years. 

. stability," the agency's inspector gen- TRUCE: Hope Flickers in Ulster as IRA Calls a New Cease-Fire 

eral, Fred Hitz, said in a speech in May. 

The spy service no longer attracts Continued from Page 1 remember that the last truce only lasted think it'll work out at all," she said 


. nrto—ft™ Space Administration said. “Things are 

^ouUonJ 


. i A collision on j une uui u 15 

naut on the Mir space station. docking of a cargo ship punched a holein 

Foale. expressed ^ sappom tmem Sun g - Spektr module, forcing the 

day that he would nor rake pal n *n station^ £ off 


important space walk 10 restore power to 
the damaged Russian station. 

Russian mission control, in a decision 
to be made final Monday, wants the com- 
plex repair mission put off a few weeks 
until a new crew arrives on the stanon, 
taking some pressure off Mr. Foale and 
his two worn-out Russian crewmates. 

“He was disappointed," said Cathy 


the station’s Spektr module, forcing the 
crew to seal the module off and dis- 
connect its solar panels. The station .has 
been operating on half-power ever since,. 

During the repair, a cosmonaut will 
need to re-enter the depressurized mod- 
ule, assess the damage, install a retro- 
fitted hatch and reconnect the cables. A 
crewmate will assisT from the hatchway. 

Russian officials, after conferring with 


fcg* 

jj 


“He was disappointed," said Cathy Russian 
nf 1 * r ua mac a NASA- have s&id it would be best if the 

looking forward to the space walk. But he 




is a team player, and he understands." 

The decision reflects mission con- 
trol’s caution and gives the eventual 
Russian replacements more time to prac- 
tice the delicate, hours-Iong procedures. 
But it came across as a vote of no con- 


Lazutkia, returned to Earth next month 
and let the replacement crew perform the 
repair. Mr. Foale. who had been picked 
to stand in for Mr. Tsibliyev during the 
“internal space walk," is scheduled to 
remain aboard Mir until September: 
Doctors scheduled an electrocard io- 


-c 

. - r ' v 
r^ : ■’ 


The spy service no longer attracts 
America's best and brightest, Mr. Clar- 
; ridge asserted. 

“I was saddled with an overabund- 
; ance of yuppie spies,” he wrote. “For 
! them, the CIA was just a job." 

' To succeed, Mr. Hitz said, the CIA 
! must focus on "five or six" targets, not 
a dozen, as it is doing, or a hundred, as it 
. did a decade ago. 


remember that the last truce only lasted think it'll work out at all,' ’ she said, and, 
for 17 months, and that the possibility of referring to the IRA and its political 
a return to mayhem is always possible, wing, added, "They get one thing then 


among thousands of flowers in the Sir a return to mayhem is always possible, winj 
Thomas and Lady Dixon Rose Garden particularly if peace talks scheduled for they 


want another." 


on the edge of town. 

Their children, warned not to touch 
the flowers, did cartwheels on the grass; 


mid-September break down. 

"We’re delighted," said Tom Gun- 
ning, 75, a retired Protestant Transport 


A British soldier in civilian clothes 


and his Belfast- bora wife said they were station 's 


fidence in the capabilities of the current Doctors 

Russian- American crew, which had lob- gram Sunday for the commander, hose 
bied to make the complicated repairs, heart has recently 
Officials said the dismay was clearly beat, pobably caused by st^ and fa- 
evident during a satellite video link set ague from more man five montte in 
up to break the news. orbit. Ms. Watson said the results of the 

“They reacted with understanding, al- test were personal information and 
though on a purely human level I un- would not be made public, 
derstand foil well that they were, of On Monday, Russian space officials 
course, upset,” the mission control chief, plan to hold an engineers meeting that 
Vladimir Solovyov, said Saturday. will formalize the decision to delay re- 
Mission control kept behind closed pairs until the next crew arrives. They 
doors Sunday, which was designated as also are expected to annou nce w hether a 
a day of rest for the Mir crew . The crew trip to Mir by a French astronaut, Leo- 
members kept to light tasks, testing the pold Eytians, will be put off until next 
scope system and its solar year. He had been scheduled to blast off 
inea last week during a with the new Russian crew on Aug. 5. 

But Russian officials say his _experi- 
ig is fine on board,” Ms. ments will take more energy than the 
; National Aeronautics and station can now provide. 


not sure the cease-fire would hold. 


batteries. 


a string quartet (three Catholics, one Authority official, as he sat in the garden As their two children romped behind a power outage. 


lozen, as it is doing, or a hundred, as it Protestant) under a kiosk played Bach’s with his wife, their son-in-law, daughter 
la decade ago. air from Suite No. 3: a grandmother and two grandchildren, Jill, 7, and Mark, 

“The goals," Mr. Hitz said in May, dandled an infant on her knee, keeping 4, who were waiting hungrily for the 


"remain remarkably close to President time with the music. 


Truman's original hopes for CIA in 
1947." to provide die president with 
“timely, focused intelligence informa- 
tion." That calls fra- exceptional people 
devoted to anonymous government ser- 
vice — and a revival of the Cold War 
spirit in a new generation. 


Taylor Is Relieved 
To Lead Liberia Vote 

MONROVIA, Liberia — Votes 
were being counted Sunday from the 
election in war-ravaged Liberia, mon- 
itors said, with most observers pre- 


Peace, for an idyllic moment anyway, 
had returned to Northern Ireland, tend- 
ing to make people push to the backs of 
their minds mat more than 3.000 people 
have been killed here in the civil strife. 


family picnic to begin. 

"I’d sooner seem talking than fight- 
ing," he said. 

“It's been a difficult life for my chil- 
dren. with violence all their life. I am 
hopeful that this is the answer. For my 


But with the cautious sense of relief grandchildren, for everybody." 
the new cease-fire brings, people also His wife. May, frowned. “I don't 


rose bush, the woman said, "It's too 
soon to know. I wonder how long it will 
last” 

4 ‘Day to day it doesn 'c affect people ’s 
lives," said the soldier, who has done 
several tours of duty here. 

For the' army, which was still 
patrolling central Belfast hours after the 
cease-fire went into effect the next step 
would be to wear soft regimental caps in 
place of their combat helmets. 

Then the army, which has about 
17,000 troops here, would disappear 
gradually to its barracks, he said, and 
“the troops begin to get bored." 


GENtn 




“Everything is fine on board,” Ms. 
Watson of the National Aeronautics and 


SRV.CE: Keeping Cool in a Pressure Cooker 


Continued from Page 1 

astronaut and an expert on the Russian 
space program. “People are watched, 
tested and judged m situations much 
higher in stress than the real flight " 

He added: “Where you worry more is 
when you encounter a situation you 


many voters planning to abstain for threat by E 
fear of being attacked. Candidates of the report. 
17 political parties are running in this 
first round of elections. A second OrteH 
round takes place on Aug. 3. (AFP) 


threat by Denel to block publication of 
the report. r AFP) 


Ahalf-mileaway.ontheFallsRoadin haven’t trained for. At that point the 
Catholic West Belfast, as the cease-fire stress becomes hyper." 


first roimd of elections. A second Ortega Seeks Recall 
round takes place on Aug. 3. (AFP) ^ # 

j 4. a jj n ». Of Managua Regime 

Anti- Saddam Radio r_ ° _ .. ® 


stress becomes hyper.'* 
went into effect, about 50 British sol- “In the early days, it was all test 
diers carrying automatic rifles, wearing pilots," said James Lovell, a veteran 
camouflage uniforms, patrolled as usual, astronaut and hero of the nearly dis- 
grim-faced, dropping to their knees from astrous Apollo 13 mission to the moon, 
time to time to draw beads on potential "We were used to stress. We’d built 


rooftop targets. an immunity to — or at least a tolerance 

By the high wall of a police sration, a for — stress. That’s not true probably 
small group of civilians demonstrated with some of the newer people. A Still, he 
peacefully for the release of IRA pris- said, the training is rigorous enough to 
oners. achieve a similar effect. 

Outside Darragh’s newspaper and A number of fellow astronauts and 
candy shop, Damian Rafferty, 34, who other colleagues said that if the right- 
said he had served two years in a British stuff syndrome ever existed, it is cer- 
prison until last year, was not sure that tainly diminished today, at least in the 
the truce would hold. American astronaut corps of more than 

If the British were serious about last- 100 men and women. They are much 
ing peace, he said, “They should release more practical in their motivations, and 
some prisoners, as a goodwill ges- much less into what Tom Wolfe, author 
tore.” of “The Right Stuff. ' ' memorably called 


hots saia, wnn most ooservers pre- j o • r n*i j 

dieting that the former warlord Charles In OVTItt MS *5 llCffCCfl 
Taylor will become president. . 

Paul Harrington, who heads a Euro- DAMASCUS — An Iraqi opposi- 
pean Union delegation, saM he was "a rion radio station that had broadcast 
bit stunned" at the “exceptional" from Syria for 1 7 years has gone off t 


MANAGUA — Daniel Ortega, the 
former president of Nicaragua, has 
called for a referendum on a recall 
election of Nicaragua's government, 
which he accused of causing an in- 


from Syria for 1 7 years has gone off the crease in poverty and unemployment. 


smoothness of the voting Saturday. He 
added that a front-runner had emerged. 

“The election is going one way," he 
said without naming the leading can- 
didate, but adding it was not a woman. 
Final results are expected Wednesday. 


air in the wake of wanner ties between 
the two countries, an Iraqi opposition 
official said Sunday. 

The Voice of Iraq, which was run by 
the Iraqi opposition and employed 
Iraqi journalists, broadcast programs 


Most observers have long considered strongly attacking the Baghdad gov- 


Mr. Taylor, of the National Patriotic 
Party, and the framer finance minister, 
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, of the Unity 


eminent of President Saddam Hussein, 
the official said. An anti-Syrian radio 
station broadcasting from Iraq closed 


Party as the only candidates with much three months ago, he added, 
chance of victory. If no one wins more Relations between Syria and Iraq, 


At ceremonies Saturday to com- 
memorate the 18th anniversary of the 
revolution in which his Sandinistas 
toppled Anastasio Somoza, Mr. Ortega 
accused President Amoldo Aleman's 
government of failing to respect the 
constitution and the laws, and said the 
government's policies had caused hun- 
ger and unemployment to rise. (AP) 

Canada Protests 


hanging one's hide out over the line. 

It is true, however, that professionals 
in orbit retain the military tradition of 
communicating in a way that minimizes 
emotional display. “The training always 
leans toward maintaining your cool," 
said Brian Welch, the news chief at 
NASA headquarters who has served as 
commentator for shuttle flights. 

The new international nature of space 
flight further complicates the system of 
communications, forcing the teams to 
deal with language differences and cul- 
tural nuances. Candor is risky. The U.S. 
astronaut Norm Thagard, for example, 
was accused in the Russian press of 


for — stress. That’s not true probably being a “whiner" after he tried to an- 
with some of the newer people. Still, hie swer reporters' questions about the Rus- 
said, the training is rigorous enough to sian menu aboard Mir. Most recently, a 
achieve a similar effect. Russian space official reportedly tagged 

A number of fellow astronauts and Mr. Tsibliyev as a "whiner” after he 
other colleagues said that if the right- complained about deteriorating condi- 
stuff syndrome ever existed, it is cer- tions aboard Mir. 
tainly diminished today, at least in the “People in orbit ought to say what 
American astronaut corps of more than they think," said John Blah a, an -as- 
100 men and women. They are much tronaut who trained with Mr. Tsibliyev 
more practical in their motivations, and in Russia and recently flew aboard Mir. 
much less into what Tom Wolfe, author “They have tremendous insights that 
of “The Right Stuff, "memorably called people on the ground don ’t have. " 


I--.-’. - 




*3 •■>:=-- 


ASEAN: Neighbors Are Likely to Keep Cambodia at the Door 


uuoii^v vi viuiwi J. u uu vuv W 1113 rnvnt a w j pa j * 

than half the votes cast, a second round broken off in 1980, have improved in AlaSltan JT ISfllTlQ 
wifi be held Aug. 2. (AFP) recenr months. The border was opened O 

to businessmen in June. (AFP) VANCOUVER — Canada i 

Violent Incidents « A * . _ n 


Mar Mali Election 

BAMAKO, Mali — Violent inci- 
dents marred voting Sunday in Mali, 
where a boycott by 18 opposition 
parties has clouded the outlook for 
continuing democratization in the im- 
poverished West African country. 

In the worst incident, in the southern 
city of San, dozens of demonstrators 
ransacked five polling stations, while in 
Segou scuffles broke out between se- 
curity forces and demonstrators, the in- 
dependent electoral commission said. 

Polling stations opened slightly late 
Sunday and turnout was sparse, with 


South Africa Deal 
On Arms Reported 


VANCOUVER — Canada is de- 
manding an immediate stop to Alaskan 
salmon fishing, saying that prized 
sockeye salmon are being taken before 
they get to Canada. 

Alaskan fishermen are said to have 
caught more than twice the quota of 
sockeye salmon allowed them in a 
treaty on Pacific salmon, leaving less 
for Canadians. (AP) 


Continued from Page 1 

A U.S. official said Vietnam had been 


agenda both at the meeting of ASEAN 
foreign ministers and in the talks they will 
have immediately afterwards with their 


warned by Washington that its chance of counterparts from America, China, Ja- 


gaining early approval of a coveted trade 
agreement and easier access to U.S. mar- 


pan, Australia and the European Union. 
On Saturday. Mr. Hun Sen, whose 


keis would be affected if it tried to upset military forces ousted Prince Ranariddh 


JOHANNESBURG —South Africa caught more than twice tt 
was reported Sunday to be negotiating sockeye salmon allowed 
with a Middle Eastern country on the treaty on Pacific salmon. 1 
biggest arms deal in its history, worth for Canadians, 
more than SI. 5 billion. „ . _ - 

The Sunday Independent said South £Or the ReCOrct 
Africa's main arms manufacturer, 

Denel. was set to supply mobile ar- Jordan is digging a trench on its 
cillery and anti-aircraft missiles to the desert border with Iraq as part of a 
“highly sensitive" country’, which was campaign to damp down on wide- 
not named in the report. spread smuggling. Interior Minister 

The paper said it hod been prevented Nazir Rasheed said in published re- 
from revealing the country by a legal marks. (Reuters) 


the ASEAN consensus to delay Cam- 
bodia's membership. 

“We have told Vietnam through dip- 
lomatic channels how important it is to 
our bilateral relationship tnat Hanoi con- 
tinue to support the regional consensus 
and play a constructive role on Cam- 
bodia," the official said. 

ASEAN members are Brunei. Indone- 
sia. Malaysia, the Philippines, Singa- 
pore. Thailand and Vietnam, its foreign 


on July 6, abruptly rejected efforts by 
three ASEAN foreign ministers sent by 
the group to try to broker a settlement of 
the conflict. 

Far from offering any concessions to 
the ministers from Indonesia, the Phil- 
ippines and Thailand. Mr. Hun Sen said 
that if Cambodia did not accompany 
Burma and Laos in joining ASEAN, “it 
won't be the death of us." 

"Hun Sen believes that ASEAN at 


ministers are* scheduled to hold their this stage should not contribute to any 


annual meeting in Kuala Lumpur starl- 
ing Wednesday. 

Cambodia is a major issue on the 


TV:^l ‘Ridiculous’ American Series Gives Germans a Chance to Laugh at an Odious Past 


Continued from Page 1 Britain with condoms and thus win the 

war through birth control. 

newspaper commentator in Munich. The And, of course, ihe show's stiff-arm 
two main German characters of the scries salutes could not be accompanied by 

— Colonel Klink. the prison command- “Heti Hitler!" Instead, officers bark 
ant. and the beefy guard Sergeant Schultz out. "This is how high the cornflowers 

— "are absolutely nonihreaiening." grow!" as they raise their arms. 

1 'They are bumbling fools who do not In contrast. * 'Seinfeld." another 
confront Germans with the classic Hoi- American import, was canceled by the 
lywood image of the cold, ultracompetent channel this month because, as one in- 
Nazi. the cruel Himmler figure bestriding sider put it, its “slick. East Coast Amer- 
the world in jackboots," he said. icon humor just passed people by." 

That is to say, Germans don’t mind The success of "Hogan’s Heroes" 
laughing at Germans in Nazi uniforms here is all the more remarkable in light of 
provided they are clearly, very clearly. German laws drawn up specifically to 
shown to be buffoons — as Third Reich prevent glorification of the Third Reich 
Lire rather than the manifestations of or trivialization of the Holocaust. But the 
20th century evil that Germans regularly show passes muster. The smart American 


effective dolls. And in the German view, 
the show 's very’ silliness distances it from 
the realities of genocide. 

Indeed, its inoffensiveness — if not its 
wit — seems broadly accepted. “I don't 
see anything insulting in the one or two 
episodes I've seen," said Ignatz Bubis, 


the head of the main Jewish organization power. 


The most striking visual example is 
"Schindler's List." The 1994 movie, 
profoundly shocking to young Germans 
in particular, exploded a myth. Until 
then, many Germans preferred not to 
question the notion that they or their 
forebears were helpless against Hitler's 


solution, that they themselves would 
find a solution." said Ali Alatas, In- 
donesia's foreign minister. "Clearly as 
of this moment our efforts will stop." 

Analysts said Washington would now 
have a freer hand to try a tougher ap- 
proach to the Hun Sen government, in- 
cluding coordinated denial of aid by its 
mainly Western donors and Japan. 

In seeking a common policy. Mr. Sol- 
arz would put forward “a very vigorous 
point of view by the United States that 


the status quo cannot be tolerated," said 
Nicholas Bums, the State Department 
spokesman. “We are not willing to con- 
cede that we should do nothing, when 
democracy has been flouted so brazenly 
by Hun Sen in Cambodia." 

Thirty soldiers loyal to Prince Ranar- 
iddh who were captured after the bloody 
coup July 6 were tortured and forced to 
drink sewer water while under detention 
by government authorities, Reuters re- 
ported from Phnom Penh on Sunday, 
quoting United Nations officials. 

“We have evidence which is irre- 
futable of systematic torture at a place 
cal led Kambol, " said a UN official, who 
asked not to be identified. 

The UN said its information was 
based on interviews with eight prisoners 
who had been held at Kambol military 
police training center near Pochentong 
airport, west of Phnom Penh. 

Human-rights workers in Cambodia 
have documented what they say are 40 
cases of extrajudicial murder following 
the coup. The victims were officials loy- 
al to Prince Ranariddh. 

Thai Army sources told Reurers that 
fighting flared anew Sunday in areas of 
northern Cambodia recently held by 
troops loyal to Prince Ranariddh. 


-r*r 
. • '.erst s 'tj.. 


*■14 .g ; 

- .. 

■n - 


in Germany. “On the other hand, it’s not 
very funny; ridiculous, yes, but not 
worth laughing at." 

But — again, this being Germany — 
can anything be that simple? Can the 


here is all the more remarkable in light of past ever be diminished, forgotten or 
German laws drawn up specifically to glossed over? 


prevent glorification of the Third Reich 


Comic relief, of course, can’t exist 
without angst — otherwise, what would 
it provide relief from? And so it can be 


see in their history books and much of — epitomized by Bob Crane in the role of argued that “Hogan’s Heroes' ' provides 


ihe rest of popular culture. 

This explanation of the show's cur- 
rent appeal is supported by its mixed 
track record in Germany. When first 
introduced here in 1992 by another chan- 
nel. with a title that translates roughly as 
“Barbed Wire and Clean Heels." it was 
aired without attention to certain nu- 
ances of presentation. And it was a rat- 
ings flop. Then Cable One hired some 
creative dubbers to rework it a biL 

Renamed somewhat more whimsically 
“A Cageful of Heroes.*’ the Klink and 
Schultz characters were given broad Swa- 
bian and Bavarian dialects, playing on 
regional stereotypes to underline the no- 
tion that they are comic figures . — not to 
be confused with, say. the depraved con- 
centration camp commandant played by 
Ralph Fiennes in the film “Schindler's 
List." 

Touchy plot lines, like a German plan 
to blitz London, were written out and 


Colonel Robert Hogan — always outwits 
the dumb German, while the Wehrmacht 
is reduced to an array of scheming, in- 


an antidote to a veritable catalogue of 
anguished re-examinations of German 
war culpability in popular culture. 


Significantly, the bulk of the audience 
that has elevated the American series to 
near cult status is composed of 14- to- 29- 
year-old males. Cable One says. 

In other words, those who watch the 
series arc not contemporaries of the real 
K links and Schultzcs who bnre arms and 
watched over camps; they are a newer 
generation for whom the horrors arc 
more distant, for whom being Germ; in 
means living in a peaceful, comfortable 
Europe in which nationalism has been 
subsumed in the striving for a broader, 
continent-wide identity. 


BRAZIL: Is the ‘ Economic Miracle ’ Over? 


GERMANY: Political and Economic Focus Shifts to the East 


Continued from Page 1 

ing in May, Mr. Kohl persuaded Mr. 
Yeltsin to go along with NATO's en- 
largement by pledging assurances that 
Germany will never do anything to harm 
Russia's security interests, according to 
senior chancellery officials. 

The new Ostpolitik being pursued by 
Mr. Kohl's governing coalition has been 
endorsed by the opposition Social Demo- 
crats and many Green Party members. 
Public support is also overwhelmingly 
positive: A Rand Corp. study showed 
that more than 70 percent of German 


replaced with a German plan to bombard voters believe they have a “special re- 


sponsibility" toward Eastern Europe. 

“Just as the U.S. feels a natural con- 
nection to Canada and Mexico, Germans 
have a special affinity for the cast." says 
Norben Walter, chief economist lor 
Deutsche Bank. “Many Germans have 
their ancestral roots there, and with the 
rise of free market democracies, it is now 
seen os the key to our nation’s economic 
and political destiny." 

Germany’s allure for the east is must 
pronounced among businessmen who 
have been fleeing the world’s highest 
labor cosis ihai sap profits in their home- 
land for new opportunities across the 
border, where wages and salaries are as 


little as one-tenth the level hi Germany 
for the same work. 

According to a report last year hy the 
central bank in Frankfurt. Germany alone 
now accounts for one-third of Eastern 
Europe’s trade with the West. “The Cen- 
tral and East European economic area is 
already more important sis an export mar- 
ket for Germany than the United States." 
the Bundesbank concluded. 

Germany has become hy far the 
biggest trade and investment partner for 
the Czech Republic. Hungary and Po- 
land. In. Poland alone. Germany has 
started more than 2.1XKJ joint ventures 
since the fall of the Communist regime. 


Continued from Page 1 

new. comprehensive system of pensions 
and oilier social benefits. .Another prob- 
lem is reflected in a measure that econ- 
omists consider a vital measure of eco- 
nomic health; rhe so-called current- 
account gap. or a country's deficit in 
international transactions expressed os a 
percentage of its gross domestic product. 
In Brazil, that number is 4.2 percent and 
climbing; 2 percent or less is considered 
healthy. 

Combined with delays in restructur- 
ing the government, this is causing 
Brazil’s economy to grow at a modest 3 
percent to 3.5 percent rate this year, 
rather than the 4 percent to 5 percent 
some analysts have forecast. 


rent-account gap stood ai almost 8 per- 
cent. 

In addition, cash-flow levels here show 
that foreign money removed from the 
stock exchange in Sao Paulo has stayed in 
Brazilian banks, indicating it may be 
getting reinvested elsewhere in country* 

In contrast to most of Latin America, 
the largest planned privatizations in 
Brazil, including that of its huge tele- 
phone monopoly, have yet to lake place, 
when they do. billions of dollars in 
additional foreign investment is likely to 
flood the economy, experts say. 

There also continues to be great in- 
terest in buying industries in the Brazili- 
an market, by far the largest market in 
Latin America. This month, for instance, 


somcanatysts nave torecasL a group led by BellSouth Com. paid 

The view that the economy in Brazil S2.45 billion just for the right to operate 
is on a slow path is becoming widely cellular-telephone service in Sao Paulo, 
accepted, said Joao Marcus Mannho "While there is imeertaintv about 

Miinw nnrtn«T nf MTM rnno.l^. o :i .u: = uncertainty aOOUl 


accepted." said Joao Marcus Mannho 
Nunes, a partner of MCM Consultore.s 
Associ.idos in Sao Paulo. “It will not be 
the fost tram that many people thought it 
would be." 

In the new global economy, stock- 
market fiuctuulionsdo not always reflect 
a country's economic health.' At this 
stage. Brazil still is not close to the kind 
of fiscal meltdown that caused the Mex- 
ican peso crisis in 1994 and prompted a 
massive U.S. bailout, economists say; 
before the peso's crash. Mexico's eur- 


Brazil, this K not a repeat of Thailand, the 
rnuippincs or Mexico." said Lawrence 
Krohn, head of the Latin America di- 
vision pi UBS Securities Inc. in New 
• ork . The market here is far bigger than 
any of those countries, and there is still a 
big desire by international investors to 
get a piece of it while they can." 

Bui at least temporarily . many analysts 
and others say. the drop last week signaled 
a reining in of the growth ut the Sao Paulo 
Stock Exchange. 



1 vStP 


■ •;> 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


PAGE 7 


»ard ]Vli r 


• • S 


' ^ ^iss Repair EDUCATION 

Space Adnsinisr fa(i , 

^Mnce 

!«Wn*o ( ! ""° n i u r-Viu ' „ 


■winea as solij „ ,lJul >-- ,*S 

"* 101 fe replacement h 
«PW- Mr. Foaie ^ , M^ 

□/stand m f or M* T ' , . l J aJ 
internal space wall' — n to £’ 
aboard Mi r Un ‘ . £ ^ 

Docor^ scheduled 

jam Sunday for the t 
'eanbas^enuvre.^^'tu, 
•ear, probably caused 
>^e from more rh Jn K ^ 
•rbiLMv Watson 

toaKespecsediounnuun. fi! 


..... £,w new Russian oeu « !* 
iui Russian officuN w 
twnts will uke more aim 2 
tation can now pmv s ,j c ' ^ 


1 in a Pressure Cook 

anging one s hide uu: ..,vr ifct 
It is true, however, ihai n n , TftJ , 

.1 orbir repair, the milsun mu* 
ommunicatins in a *a> if,ji roir . 1 
manonai d;>p!a\ . "The lunuwii 
eans toward mamiaiMne -.oar? 
aid Br.an Welch, the new. ^ 
■ASA headquarter- -a h. . h.,s^. 
untmstnla'nr tor ?rvj ,; sv 1 1 ! e m - 
The new interna; u-n.-, njiur^r 
light further compile jk-. ir.e-i* 
ommuRscations. ■«.■:•. -ne the tar 
nai with language *J;i lercncr? a. 
ttal fmar.cev Candcr i- n i.\ It' 
stronaut Norm Thaj.-ri. ■'.» «£ 
.-as accused in ;he Hu: unit 
eras a "whiner " .:"e' n-: eid* 
wer reponer>‘ que>tv a- jh*rsn 
ian menu aboard M:r Moa r.'.rr 
lussian &pzce oracias repon:^^ 
lr. Tsibb.sev as "••shine- jw 
onipiained a bcir Ji-icru-rsjzu s 
ons aboard Mir. 

"People in orb’: oucr.i ;>■ * ; 
ley think," s.stJ John Biihii 
onain who trained *.:n Mi ta 
i Russia and recer.:i> tie*- 
They have •remci.Jo-j- in-afc; 
eople cn the cr^’-r.d .i . n : 


'odia at the Door \ 

n; status quo canr<.-: ' ; v ;• 'WR«i 
ichrias Burn.-, the >:m «P^ 
iokvsman. ■ "We arc net v. lilm^ 1 
■de that we .shoe id do 
■nKKTacy has been ilouteu^ 1 *- - 
.• Hug Sen in Camboau 
Thim soldier > loyal toPhiwj 
dh who were captured 
•up Julv 6 were lorureu .urt *£ 
ink sewer w .tier w hiw 

• government auatonno'- ""r. 

tried from Phnom P- n jj.‘ 

Hiring United Nations olln ^. 
•‘Wr la« cuJcncc *J; r 
table of ssstemaHw 
lledKamM. ‘ i 

Hie l ^ w-*-* - l u^ghifft- 

s«I on raten >-•« ■ ‘V‘^y b»- 
had iven neri * 
hce training tei-i- . 

por. west ot Phnxx.m x ^ 
Human-nghJ- »«■*- 
%e di3cmr.er.iW ‘ 
of eVira.-uatcKil rnur 

• coup. The Sicnmj*^-" 

.*»> Prince RananflM;- Rt>u ^. 

Thai Army ; ^ 

hung flawJ.anew ^ 
nhent ^ n £i^ c RlunW 




f-aceoen* £.»> • • 


trrtenu*: a~a isnci rsnu, 

FRENCH COURSES 

UCWW CbS.A«3> C(7U«5CS 

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Vin. *•? ■.n.m I,«ll.1|>| 

FRENCH RIVIERA 

Cannes. 

Iniutut Franeals Rl6r» 

a JIM' ua I 

:**.\£S 

Ta 

u. 'WKK 37 


• Top qua! in course for adults 

iir Bordeauv 

• Teenage Summer Prc-grans 

in Ber§eracf- Biumtz. 

[fi| C ] Lours C CIumerKeau. 
Mb ) Oniij Bordeaux ■ France 
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GENERAL 


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Franrhiv*. I jimm'rr'ul Kcul t>lalr. 
Teknimrauniniliun.v. AulnnhMiie 
Add FnlerLiinith*m. 

To aJrMiv rutuan Sarah J 
on+H 171 iann.126 
I or Tu. +41 171 421) U33« i 
A CREVT DEVL HAFPFAS 
AT THE IlTERILUtkET 


Penanali 

THANK YOU SACf£D HEART d Jesus 
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SEAPORT DIRECTOR (EXEMPT) * 

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Metropolitan Dade County. Florida is seeking a highly qualified individual to direct total 
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Responsibilities of the Seaport Director include fiscal management of a S26.6 million 
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Lucrative executive benefits package plus car allowance will be part of the iota) 
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Graduation from an accredited college or university with a Bachelor s degree Ten years of 
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★ THE CLOSING DATE FOR THIS RECRUITMENT HAS BEEN EXTENDED FROM 
JULY 11, 1997 TO AUGUST 15, 1997. 

Applicants must submit two (2) copies of their resume indicating title of this position and 
two (21 conies of proof of educational attainment (copies of official transcripts and/or 
diplomas conferring degrees). Applicants must include their social security number on 
each resume. Submittals must be sent via certified mail by August 15, 1997 to: 

Ms. Maria M. Casehas 
Director, Employee' Relations Department 
Stephen P. Clark Center, Suite 2110 
111 N.W. 1st Street 
Miami. Florida 331 28-1 907 

Employment requires meeting medical & physical standards & residence in Dade 
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Executive Positions Available 


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Cadac Pailways designs, develops and 
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B5c. degree n a medal or technical 
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2 years experience in en efcdrcphy- 
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GENERAL 


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long term. Tet +330)1 46 34 19 25. 


PORT ROYAL, lovely, qtsei 3 beds, 2 
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The job requires a previous experience in a similar 
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24, AVENUE DECHAMPEL CH-1206 GenEVE 
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ArofaU* far a ctetenpiQ pos&n 

UA EXECUTIVE 

Ovbt 10 years d senoHeval executive 
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• One lounaU SMdafizad ta ol 
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General Positions Wanted 


DOING BUSU1ESS IN ASIA WMtag to 
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(Pfl 


ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE 
F^DERALE DE LAUSANNE 




HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER 

The Department of Mechanical Engineering of the 
SWISS FEDERAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
LAUSANNE (EPFL) invites applications for the position 
of a full professor in the area of heat and mass transfer, 
associated with the Thermal Engineering Laboratory. 

The position is open to candidates with a strong inter- 
est in teaching and demonstrated accomplishments 
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solid background in theoretical concepts as well as 
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Applications from women are particularly welcome. 
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ENGLISH TEACHERS 
Experienced 

lor Business People. 

Dynurtc, FiferaflyTeaB. 
howto Taachtau Metfxxfc. 
MMl Wortto Papes. 
CorptDir dM Lngureprl) 45 61 S3 56 


ENGLISH FOR EUROPEAN BUSINESS 
seeks Eng Isri language trainers, wSh 
leacJnngrtKJEkwss experience. 10 » 25 
mistook a mepr French compaiues 
French ratong papers A car required. 
Please tax resune. +33 (0l5 5943 9429 


Secretaries Available 


EXECUTIVE SECRETARY. Portuguese, 
34. 8 yis aperans, EngfisItYrenoh, «- 


cellenl computer sUMs (Win. 95). grad 
degree, seeks potation Europe or over- 
seas. Tet Lisbon +8374317M680B35 


Switzerland 


GBtEVA. LUXURY FifflNISIS) apert- 
nents. From taudos ta 4 bedrooms. Tet 
+41 22 735 6320 Fax +41 22 736 2671 


Residence Hotels 


high dare norm A Hires 
Daly, Heeftr S imtfuy rates. Paris 
Teh-33 (0)1-44133331 Fax (0)1-42250488 


Employment 


Domestic Positions Wanted 


COUPLE, enpenenced, ctBuflBurtxSa, 
cookffWBelwpef. SpariavFimrtYsome 
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Comprehensive vet concise, informed vet impartial the affairs of the world unfold on the pages of the World’s Daily Newspaper. 

















































PAGE 8 


MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Reralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



Pl'W,LSHED WITH Tilt' Nt.W VI IRK TIMK5 V.VU THE- WANHWGTOV POST 


Return the War Loot 


SribuilC ^4 Deal With China That America Mustn t Make 


Fifty years on, toe fare of uprooted 
and missing works of art still embitters 
belligerents in World War II. In May, 
President Boris Yeltsin courageously 
vetoed a new Russian law that would 
allow the country to keep "trophy art” 
seized from Nazi Germany. The Par- 
liament overrode his veto in June, but 
Mr. Yeltsin has vowed to challenge the 
law in the Constitutional Court 

Nationalists and Communists con- 
tend that the an is merely compen- 
sation for the enormous losses of Rus- 
sian cultural treasures, such as the 
renowned Amber Room, taken from a 
czarist palace by German looters, its 
postwar whereabouts unknown. 

Uncannily, in the midst of the ar- 
gument, two items apparently belong- 
ing to the Amber Room — an 18th 
century stone mosaic and a lacquered 
wooden chest — surfaced in Germany, 
the first break in this case. Germany 
now has a chance to reciprocate Mr. 
Yeltsin’s veto by pressing the search, 
and returning any Amber Room relics. 

The room itself was by all accounts a 
treasure nonpareil. Presented to Peter 
the Great in 1716 by the Prussian King 
Frederick William I. it required six 
tons of Baltic amber to provide the 
100,000 pieces needed for panels de- 
picting flowers and royal emblems. 

The czar's daughter Elizabeth later 
reassembled the Amber Room in the 
Catherine Palace outside St Peters- 
burg, where it was dismantled by Ger- 
man troops and taken to Kdnigsberg in 
East Prussia. There it vanished, leaving 
no trace when the Red Army captured 
the Baltic city (renamed Kaliningrad, 
and still Russian). 

Theories of what happened prolif- 
erated: The Amber Room was destroyed 
by bombs, sunk at sea, hidden under- 


ground somewhere in Germany or sold 
to a rich Western collector. Hence the 
Autry when Gemvm police recovered in 
Bremen an Amber Room mosaic that a 
lawyer was Dying to sell for S2J million 
(the entire room is worth some $150 
million). A second object turned up 
when a reader in Berlin recognized in a 
news picture a chest she had bought in 
the 1970s in East Germany. 

So the hunt is on, and possibly the 
rest of the room may ram up in Ger- 
many. OS was the case in Russia with 
long-lost treasures of Troy and missing 
Impressionist masterpieces. 

The Russian Parliament's move to 
seize all such valuables is bad policy 
and law. It would flout a 1990 Soviet 
agreement with Germany. Proponents 
of Tearing art as reparations ignore the 
fact that many works seized by the 
Russians came from museums and col- 
lectors in the Netherlands. Hungary, 
Poland, Ukraine and elsewhere. 

In truth, grabbing art was an equal- 
opportunity wartime offense. This be- 
came embarrassingly evident at a 1995 
conference in New York on "The 
Spoils ofWar.” An international news- 
letter inspired by the conference can 
barely keep up with fresh disclosures 
about plundered art. P ainting s worth 
millions, mostly seized from Jewish 
collectors, were silently absorbed into 
French national collections, a fact un- 
earthed by Hector Feliciano in "The 
Lost Museum.” The most sensational 
American heist was a GI’s theft in 
Germany of the Quedlinburg man- 
uscript, worth $30 million. 

It has taken 50 years for the truth 
to emerge. One may reasonably hope 
that lawful and orderly restitution vail 
take less time. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Asian Connection 


The Senate hearings on the fund- 
raising abuses in last year's presiden- 
tial campaign Have got off to a re- 
spectable start The White House of 
course suggests otherwise. The pres- 
ident's people denigrate the results 
thus far on grounds that what has been 
learned is either not new or not im- 
portant. It seems to us a little early for 
such dismissals. 

The committee's purpose is not to 
entertain but to build a record of what 
happened. That is bound to be a plod- 
ding process much of the time — and 
most of the people whose business it is 
io follow government and who make 
up the primary audience for these hear- 
ings are jaded on die subject of cam- 
paign finance. We include ourselves. 

Did a party at interest give a can- 
didate tens or even hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars? Did the money have 
to be laundered to get around the law? 
Did donor and candidate alike under- 
stand what they’ were doing? Sure they 
did, but we hear and we yawn. That is 
the standard of judgment that the 
White House seeks to take advantage 
of, but that the people conducting the 
hearings cannot afford. 

It is not the case that the first six days 
of hearings produced nothing new. 
They had to do mainly with John 
Huang, the fund-raiser far the Demo- 
cratic National Committee whose ef- 
forts on the president's behalf have 
kept him at the forward edge of the 
story since Iasi fall. 

When his name first surfaced not just 
as a fund-raiser but as a frequent; White 
House visitor, the White House 
claimed scarcely to know who he was. 
The official response to the earliest 
inquiries was. John Who? But of course 
they knew. Now we know, thanks to the 
Senate committee, that Mr. Huang had 
raised at least $50,000 in illegal foreign 
contributions for the president's cam- 
paign in 1992. The DNC has dutifully 
added that to the already impressive 
sum collected by Mr. Huang that it feels 
bound to return. 

Mr. Huang, when he raised that 
money, was a senior U.S. employee of 
the Lippo Group, a conglomerate con- 
trolled by the Riady family of Indone- 
sia. whose long association with the 
Clintons dates from his years as gov- 
ernor of Arkansas. 

Between his employment at Lippo 
and tour at the DNC, Mr. Huang was 
given a political appointment in the 
Commerce Department having to do 
with trade. It is not clear what his 
particular qualifications were for the 
job. nor what his agenda was — nor to 
what exrenc while serving there he 
either quit raising political funds or 
severed his ties to Lippo. Lippo in ram 
has an extensive business relationship 


with the Chinese government which is 
accused of having tried to buy influ- 
ence in the last U.S. election through 
campaign contributions. 

The committee staff, without pro- 
viding answers, raised questions last 
week about what Mr. Huang was doing 
at Commerce — in whose behalf was 
he working? Democrats promptly ac- 
cused the Republicans of trying Mr. 
Huang in absentia. But of course the 
reason he was absent was that he re- 
fuses on Fifth Amendment grounds to 
appear before the panel unless immun- 
ized against criminal prosecution. 

We have no idea what the outer 
bound of Mr. Huang’s activities may 
have been, but plainly it is a subject that 
needs to be explored. We know a little 
more about it now than we did two 
weeks ago; the committee has made at 
least some progress. And of course 
there are other subjects out there — 
other people who appear to have helped 
move money from Asian sources into 
the campaign, for example. 

But the issue in this should not be 
whether the Chinese — or the Tai- 
wanese, or the tobacco lobby, or the 
highway lobby or any other interest 
you can think of — were crying to buy 
influence with U.S. politicians. Stip- 
ulate that, one way or another, they all 
were: the world is full of willing buy- 
ers. The question is who was selling, or 
allowing the buyers to think he might 
sell — much the same thing. 

On what basis did the president and 
his people, including Mr. Huang, go 
about raising the vast amount of money 
they did? And if you agree that what 
happened last year was wrong — that 
sooner or later the need for and presence 
of so much money in the system win 
corrupt the democratic process — how 
do you keep it from recurring? That is 
where we think the committee inquiry 
should end up. For now. let's see what 
more the senators can find out 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 

Other Comment 

Yes, Seize Karadzic 

The fate of the wily Radovan Karad- 
zic may move to be the key to re- 
building Bosnia. Despite the' risk of 
casualties. NATO should nor flinch 
from trying to seize him — at the right 
moment. His bodyguards wifi have 
noted that, on earlier raids, British 
troops shot only those who resisted. 
Any attempt to remove Mr. Karadzic 
and his clique will draw the West un- 
comfortably into the internal politics of 
the Bosnian Serbs. But if there is lesson 
of the past five years, it is that half- 
hearted intervention achieves little. 

— The Economist (London!. 


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W ASHINGTON — An inquiry’ is 
under way at the Pentagon and 
elsewhere in the U.S. foreign policy 
establishment into signs of a developing 
opposition in Beijing to America’s 
long-term military presence in Asia. A 
quarter-century of Chinese ambival- 
ence about the stationing of U.S. war- 
ships, aircraft and troops in the Pacific 
appears to be hardening into suspicion 
and ultimate rejection of the present 
balance of power in the region. 

China is on the mind of official 
Washington as no country has been 
since the Soviet Union at the height of 
the Cold War. 

Beijing inspires greed, fear and hope 
on a grand scale in the American mind, 
where dreams of great wealth compete 
with fears that Fu Manchu runs the 
Politburo in Beijing. 

Meanwhile, a Senate probe has 
come up with substantial evidence that 
senior Chinese officials did plan to 
divert some of their lobbying effort and 
money directly into U.S. political cam- 
paigns in ways that probably violate! 
U.S. law. How much and to what pur- 
pose is likely never to be clear. 

The Chinese government, at Tianan- 
men Square ana elsewhere, has proved 


By Jim Hoagland 

that even when smoking guns are pro- 
duced, it never admits wrongdoing. 
And the U.S. government is unlikely to 
disclose officially the intelligence In- 
tercepts that seem to have alerted it to 
the Chinese plan. 

Beijing and the Clinton administra- 
tion both hope that the campaign finance 
scandal will blow over. An ambiguous 
outcome to toe scandal investigations 
would permit the mid-autumn Wash- 
ington summit that President Bill Clin- 
ton has scheduled with President Jiang 
Zemin to stay on track. 

Harder for the two leaders to sweep 
aside are the emerging signs that China ' 
no longer sees a long-term large U.S. 
military presence in the Pacific as sta- 
bilizing. Having pocketed Hong Kong, 
China has turned to planning absorp- 
tion of Taiwan as its next big project. 

On this subject. U.S. and Chinese 
interests diverge and could produce 
armed conflict. In this scenario, Amer- 
ican forces in the region become a 
serious impediment for China's single 
most important ambition at the begin- 
ning of the next century. 


Since the Nixon administration 
adopted Beijing as a strategic ally 
against Moscow in 1972, China has 
been studiously ambiguous about 
America's military facilities w Japan, 
South Korea and Southeast Asia. Of- 
ficial Chinese comments about foreign 
bases as the outmoded legacy of co- 
lonialism have traditionally been bal- 
anced by informal but authoritative 
praise for the U.S. role as ' ‘toe cork in 
the bottle" of Japanese militarism. 

A Chinese academician explains 
Beijing’s view this way: If China were 
askqH to pay the cost of U.S. bases in 
Japan as a way of keeping Japan from 
pursuing nuclear weapons and a strong 
military, it would be in China's interest 
to pay the cost. 

Beijing- has seemed to welcome the 
U.S. presence in South Korea as pre- 
venting warfare on China’s border. At 
the same time, Beijing openly opposes 
any U.S. military presence that inhibits 
its freedom of action in the Taiwan 
Strait or the South China Sea. 

This once delicate balance has shifted 
as disagreement over Taiwan has moun- 
ted, with Beijing reacting in fury to 
moves by the Bush and Clinton ad- 
ministrations to support Taiwan mil- 



itarily. The recent American effort to get 
Japan to take on more military respon- 
sibility for toe region has also stirred 

Chinese resentment and suspicion. 

“Asian security should be decided 
by Asians," said Chinese Foreign Min- 
istry spokesman Shen Guofang in 
April. His comment took U.S. military ; 
analysts aback, and was cited -last, 
month by the Far Eastern Economic 
Review as part of a developing Chinese ; 
diplomatic campaign against toeU-S.- 
Japanese partnership in toe Pacific. 

China now advocates replacing bi- 
lateral security arrangements with free- 
floating multilateral regional organi- 
zations, much as the Soviet Union once 
proposed that NATO be dismantled 
and a Common European Home es- 
tablished. 

These moves suggest that President 
Clinton will be pushed hard in toe 
autumn summit to weaken U.S. de- 
fense commitments to Taiwan and Ja- 
pan as toe price for a strategic part- 
nership with Beijing and access to the 
El Dorado riches that American.com- 
parties seek in China. 

Only one answer can be acceptable 
in that" case: No deal. 

The Washington Past. 


For Cambodians, Legitimacy Now and Fair Elections in 1993 f 


W ASHINGTON — Second 
Prime Minister Hun Sea 
has declared that Prince Noro- 
dom Ranariddh, whom his mil- 
itary farces ousted this month, is 
no longer first prime minister, 
and that the international com- 
munity should stay out of Cam- 
bodian affairs. Those statements 
are completely unacceptable. 

Any attempt to depose toe 
party that won the plurality of 
votes in elections in 1993 
sponsored by the United Na- 
tions would mean that Hun Sen 
has forfeited the legitimacy that 
the government previously en- 
joyed. It would destroy the basis 
for constructive relations with 
America and, we expect, the rest 
of toe international community. . 

The United States has for- 
mulated a set of core principles 
to guide reactions to this crisis. 

• The violence that over- 
turned toe results of the 1993 
elections is unacceptable. Fight- 
ing must stop immediately. 

• All political parties must 
be allowed to operate freely. 

• There must be free and fair 
elections in 1998. 

• We oppose any political 


By Aurelia Brazeal 

The writer is U.S. deputy assistant secretary of state 
for East Asian and Pacific affairs. 


role for the leaders of the Khmer 
Rouge. Those responsible for 
crimes against humanity should 
be brought to justice. 

• The framework of the 199 1 
Paris Peace Accords on Cam- 
bodia, which were signed by 18 
countries and laid the basis for 
stability, democracy and eco- 
nomic growth in the country, 
must be reinstated. 

To underline U.S. disapprov- 
al of Hun Sen's actions, we 
have announced the suspension 
of our aid to Cambodia for 30 
days. During that period, we 
will review our assistance pro- 
grams, both civil and military, 
and decide which should be sus- 
pended indefinitely. 

Decisions on specific aid 
projects have not been made 
yet. but we anticipate continu- 
ing some people-to-people pro- 
grams that address basic human 
needs and democracy. Some 
humanitarian programs already 
under way are being continued. 


We do not believe it is appro- 
priate to make toe Cambodian 
people suffer further for toe 
transgressions of their leaders. 

The United States will not be 
prepared to resume any assist- 
ance that benefits the govern- 
ment directly. We expect to fol- 
low a similar approach when 
voting on loans from interna- 
tional financial institutions. 

The United States and the 
international community have 
made a considerable investment 
in the promotion of stability, 
democracy and economic de- 
velopment in Cambodia since 
the signing of the Paris accords. 
The long-term goal of Amer- 
ican diplomacy is to restore the 
framework of the accords. 

What we have in Cambodia 
ioday is a situation in which rules 
and standards have been violat- 
ed, but that is better than having 
no rules and standards at alL 

Ir is clear that the country still 
has a long way to go before we 


can say it is securely on the road 
to being a stable democracy. 
However, that is still a worthy 
goal, supported by the vast ma- 
jority of Cambodians, and we 
believe that it is still within 
reach. The United States must, 
and will, stay engaged. 

The Paris accords provided 
for the introduction of a UN 
peacekeeping force to supervise 
the demobilization of factional 
forces, establish a neutral polit- 
ical environment and hold free 
and fair elections. The UN Tran- 
sitional Authority encountered 
serious challenges, but it was 
successful in establishing the 
framework that has brought 
genuine pluralism and toe be- 
ginnings of democracy. Restor- 
ing that framework is toe only 
way to achieve stability and 
peace in the tortured country. 

We call on Hun Sen to restore 
to the royalist party the leading 
role in government that it won 
in the 1993 elections, and make 
concrete preparations for free 
and fair elections in 1998. Un- 
less he is willing to take those 
steps, America will not resume 
the cooperative relationship we 


have had with the Cambodian 
government, nor will ye rein- 
state our sizable aid program. 

Next year's elections! should 
they take place, will Irequire 
considerable assistance from 
the international community. 
Even before this mounting 
crisis, it was clear that! Cam- 
bodia lacked toe capacity to or- 
ganize free and fair elections on 
its own. Thus, roughly 2B per- 
cent of America's aid program 
was focused on democracy and 
governance programs to (train 
jurists, lawyers and legislators, 
and build the legal infraaruc- 
ture that a democracy requres. 

The United States wouldlike 
to be in a position to resumdthat 
kind of aid If the elections lake 
place, we would also like A be 
there with monitors and obarv- 
ers. os in 1993. Unless we trad 
other countries are able to hllp. 
there is little if any chance hat 
elections can be free and fail. 

This comment has been Ad- 
apted by the International Mr- 
ald Tribune from testimony t\a 
congressional panel in Wash- 
ington last Wednesday. 1 


A Two-Speed Europe Looks Like the Best Solution Available 


P ARIS — The future of 
Europe was decided lasr 
week, although Europeans do 
not yet realize it. There are go- 
ing to be two "Europes." 

Last Tuesday, the European 
Commission told the European 
Parliament that it recommended 
inviting five former Soviet-bloc 
countries to join the European 
Union. These are the three 
already invited to join NATO 
(the Czech Republic, Poland, 
and Hungary! plus Estonia and 
Slovenia. 

The following day. the Com- 
mission took note of the radical 
structural changes necessary to 
make the European Union 
work, but postponed acting on 
them until the new millennium. 

Jacques Samer. head of the 
Commission, said that in 2000 
there must be another intergov- 
ernmental conference to change 
the decision-making structures 
of Europe and reform the com- 
mon agricultural policy and the 
distribution of regional funds. 
That was supposed to have 


Bv William Pfaff 


been done last month in Am- 
sterdam. The EU governments 
met to revise the nefonns in- 
cluded in the Maastricht treaty, 
but failed to agree. All the im- 
portant issues are once again 
pushed off into the future. 

The decision to expand is the 
Union's way to run away from 
its problems. It will expand, and 
after that think about how to 
make an expanded Europe work 
— even though today, with only 
15 members, its members have 
proved incapable of dealing 
with the problems of weighted 
voting, or of reforming policies 
on agricultural and regional 
subsidies that everyone knows 
are indefensible. 

The old debate about 
“widening" Europe versus 
“deepening" it took place be- 
tween those who wanted a cen- 
tralized Europe to function as a 
single nation and those who 
have wanted a looser associ- 
ation of sovereign nations. Ex- 


pansion settles the debate. 
There can be no centralized un- 
ion or effective decision-taking 
wiih 20 to 30 members. 

As a commentator in the Par- 
• is newspaper Liberation says, 
expansion means "the UN 
without a Security Council." 

However, another Europe of 
six or seven members is about to 
be created. If the single cur- 
rency project succeeds, there 
will be a small, fiscally inte- 
grated Europe with a single cur- 
rency and integrated economy, 
and another Europe without 
them. The two will be related, 
but distinct. 

The European single cur- 
rency creates a new "Europe" 
inside the old one. This Europe 
will have subordinated its na- 
tional fiscal policies, and to a 
considerable extent its national 
budget policies, to a new in- 
dependent European reserve 
bank, which will experience an 
as yet undefined form of polit- 


A Handy Drop Across the Street 


W ASHINGTON — A 
"drop." in spookspeak. 
is a clandestine place to de- 
posit and receive documents. 
It can be an office or friend's 
house. John Huang 's drop w as 
conveniently across the street 
from his government office. It 
was a room in a suite rented by 
Stephens Inc., part of the 
Little Rock financial empire 
from which flowed the mil- 
lions in loans that saved the 
1992 Clinton campaign. 

“Hie Riady family of In- 
donesia. whose Lippo Group 
put Mr. Huang in a top secre! 
spot in the Clinton adminis- 
tration, did a lot of business 
with Jackson Stephens. 

At informative Thompson 
committee hearings last week, 
we learned that Mr. Huang, 
Lippo’s man at Clinton Com- 
merce. received a call on the 
average of twice a week from 
a secretary in the Stephens 
drop who was instructed not to 
leave her boss's name. Mr. 
Huang would then cross the 
street to pick up and send ex- 
press packages and use the 
Stephens phone. 

»'( know that Mr. Huang 
spoke to former Lippo asso- 
ciates at least 237 times in his 
14 months at his sensitive 
trade post. i“That number 
troubles me." said Senator 


Bv William Safire 


Joseph Licbcrman.) Hard ev- 
idence that Mr. Huang spoke 
to the Lippo conduit to Chinn 
practically every day came on 
top of testimony from a se- 

cunty-unconscio’us CIA that 
Mr. Huang (whose 67 visits io 
the Clinton White House and 
six visits to Ihe Chinese Em- 
bassy set a world record for 
mid level bureaucrats) was 
shown raw intelligence data 
on 57 occasions by his per- 
sonal CIA “briefer." 

This included a top secret 
assessment of the leadership 
succession in China from a 
U.S. agent whose life would 
be forfeited if the raw data 
New his cover. 

The Senate’s steady build- 
ing of a case should shame 
lethargic Justice Department 
investigators. Questions: 

• Has the Public Integrity 
section of Justice obtained re- 
cords from Fedex and other 
private mail services to deter- 
mine who sent the thick en- 
velopes delivered to Mr. 
Huang at his Stephens drop? 

• Has Justice taken all over- 
seas and Canadian phone 
numbers called by Mr. Huang 
from his home,* cell phone. 
Commerce and DNC offices? 


• Has the FBI interviewed 
Vice President A1 Gore about 
his meeting at a $300,000 
Santa Monica fund-raiser on 
Sept. 27. 1994. with Shen 
Jueren. chairman of China Re- 
sources? Does Justice know 
that Mr. Shen was Beijing's 
partner with Lippo in a Hong 

Kong bank notorious os a 
front for Chinese espionage? 

In that regard. Mr. 
Thompson released a letter 
from Mr. Huang effusively 
thanking Jack Quinn, then Mr. 
Gore's chief of staff, for meet- 
ing with Mr. Huang and Mr. 
Shen three days before that 
California fund-raiser. Has the 
Justice Department with its 40 
assigned FBI agents (eight 
months into its investigation) 
asked Mr. Gore or Mr. Quinn 
about the Shen contacts? 

Here is my theory: For five 
years, money from .Asia has 
been flowing into the Clinton 
campaigns, and for five years, 
information and policy ac- 
commodations have been 
flowing out of the adminis- 
tration to Asian governments. 

As money moved from the 
East and data moved from the 
West. Lippo — with its op- 
eratives in Washington. Little 
Rock, Jakarta and Hong Kong 
— was the middleman. 

tin New )iiri Time* 


ical oversight. This Europe will 
have bestowed upon itself a de- 
gree of integration and “deep- 
ening" never before achieved. 

Fiscal integration will inev- 
itably draw this Europe's mem- 
bers into an increasingly com- 
plex economic integration, with 
important political conse- 
quences. Stales with a single 
currency cannot avoid practi- 
cing the same or parallel na- 
tional economic priorities and 
budget choices, and these are 
fundamental to the larger 
course of their governments. 

The countries who will be- 
long to this group are the same 
ones which invented European 
unification in the 1950s: 
France. Germany and the three 
Benelux countries; Italy, anoth- 
er of the original six members of 
"Europe." is aiso determined 
to be pan of it. and France in- 
sists that Italy must belong. 
Otherwise. Austria is expected 
to be a member. I Its currency is 
already anchored to the 
Deutsche mark.) 

This is core Europe. If ihe 
European Union had remained 
at six members, its integration 
would undoubtedly be" much 
more advanced than it is now. 
There might not only be a single 
currency already but the rudi- 
ments oi a coherent European 
foreign and security policy. 

With expansion to 15 coun- 
tries. members were brought in 
whose views, outlook, ambi- 
tions and interests diverged from 
those of the original group. 


The decision to expand w* 
laudable, indeed inevitabU 
since expansion was inherent ii 
the original European visioii 
But the conflict between the d<f 
mands of expansion and those df 
closer integration were undeii 
estimated from the start. Thes^ 
are responsible for the confu- 
sion and failures of the Euro-, 
pean Union as it now exists. 

The future belongs to two 
Europes, related but separate.: 
One will be small, far more in- 
tegrated than today, able to 
make decisions, capable of 
playing a world role in political 
affairs as well as economics. - 

The second will be large, 
more loosely associated, shar- . 
mg a single market with the 
other Europe, its members en- 
joying variable links to the core 
economy and core currency, co- 
operating with core Europe on a 
great many issues but not bound 
by its decisions, nor able to 
block them. 

This is the solution that 
seems dictated by Europe's 
realities. It is noi a bad solution. 

It gives all what they really 
w am. It creates one Europe that 
can act, and weigh in world 
aftajrs. together with a second, 
associated Europe which is se- 
cure. cooperative, conscious of 
its community with the others. • 
but whose members are. free in 
what each chooses to rake from 
the Union, and in what each 
commits to it 

Inter tun, until Herald Tribune 

•Z Las Angeles Timer Suidictnc. 


IN OUR PACES: 100. 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Belgian Strike 

MONS — The strike of miners 
still continues. The expected re- 
sumption of work m the south- 
ern district has not taken place. 
The number of strikers is as 
great as ever. The strike has now 
lasted four weeks. The misery 
among the miners is indescrib- 
able. Delegates have been sent 
to other Belgian cities and to 
foreign countries to collect 
funds. Belgian trade j* buffering 
greatly from the want of coal. 

1922: Helping China 

PARIS — The question wheth- 
er America made a good in- 
vestment when she remitted a 
part of the Boxer indemnity that 
was due her from China has 
since been undergoing some- 
thing of a test. The’ planting and 
fostenng of the republican spirit 
in China is undoubtedly mostiv 
due to .America. The welcome 
given by the Chinese to .Amer- 


ican enterprise and trade s pan 
of the reward which welhave 
reaped and may yet jnore 
largely reap from " the Host, 
kindly and appreciative auzude 
of our Government and {our 
people tow'ards that immeifelv 
older nation. \ 

1947; Aung San Kiljed 

LONDON — Seven member^ of 
the Burmese government inclid- 
*ng U Aung San, deputy chtir- 
nian of the Executive CoumiL 
were shot and killed in a mtr- 
derous attack by five gunrrtn 
during a meeting of the counP 
ui Rangoon. Extremist elemerfs 
in Burma have been increasing j* 
active of late in opposition to tifc 
anti-Fascist People’s Freedom 
League Burma's largest party 
led by U Aung San. This op 
position has been growing sinct 
January when Burmese leaden 
came to London to consult witf 
toe Labor government or^ 
Burmese independence. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY. JLLY 21. 1997 


RAGE 9 


LANGUAGE 


CROSSWORD 


t* 1 1 Mak 


f: The recent ,-Wr. 

^ resenrrnenj -- ^ 


The Fad for JammedTogether Names 


B> William Safire 


ksian 

*'wns,' , said^K ailuuld he'd 
— i- dC ^F 0 ^^ 

S is? k ^: 

^waspanofade^S n - E W 

raatic campaiu cfij 
ksc pannen,hS S?u n « 'he iJ? 
fa now ad^^^ac.f,^ 
il security arrangemen.^ atln fi k 
ng multilateral rS.? SU|, hf,i 
is much as the Sovt m!. 0r ?£ 


W ASH NGTON — Typo-poclrv 
is a I oar tor the eyes. John Kear- 
ney. of Mrina Del Rcy. California, 
noted this rom Variety, the weekly: 
" John Calsv pointed 10 a number of 
high-profih pics that are thisclose to a 
green light. ’ 

A greenight. as a single word, is a 
metaphorit step forward. When a 
traffic ligh turns green and the guy 
behind yoi splits a second hy honking, 
that’s a gnat light, two words. Whena 
city designates a neighborhood for 
strip joint. and porno parlors, that’s a 
red-liglu listrict. with the red light 
hyphenatd to become a compound 
modifier. But when the signal is an 
extension)!’ the metaphor of the green 
traffic sinai to a nodded approval of 
high-prolle pics, an argument can be 
made fonxfwrimcming with a single- 
word non. grecnlighr. It’s nor stan- 
dard Enpsh. but I’d give the pion- 
eering usge an amberhghi. 

What ickied me even more was 
Variety ’use of thisclose. You can just 
see the lumb and forefinger a half- 
centimes apart. It’s a typographical 
word- pi cure — visual prosody — es- 
pecially lpt for describing moguls in 
s t r e t Ji limousines. 

Closig up words that are attracted to 



NnnU Amh/IKT 

each other is a neve rending process; 
something there is that doesn’t like a 
hyphen, and there goes never-ending. 
This is a windup iformerly wind-ttpl to 
today ’s pilch: we are in the grip of a fad 
that compresses proper names and or- 
dinary words into visual identifiers. 

Peier Osnos left the Times Books 
division of Random House to start his 
independent publishing company. Pub- 
lic A flairs. One word, with a capital in 
the middle. I used to think this trend 
started with companies that affected 
computer lingo — CompuServe. Di- 
giCash. WordPerfect, HotJava — but 
The lexicographer Richard Weiner, who 
I suspect coined inncr-cappcd on rhe 
analogy of the mafia's kneecapping. 


reminds me of the 1959TelePrompTer. 
(That is still a trademark and requires 
initial capitalization, but few use inner 
caps to describe the reading device by 
which tongue-tied anchorpeople be- 
come hyperaniculate.) And 
BankAmerica must have saved mil- 
lions by excising its o/back in 1954. 
Before inner caps, companies and 
ucts used hyphens. Sun-Maid. 
tar-Kisi and Sani-rJush followed the 
1925 Old Gran-Dad. In 1927, we had 
Kool-Aid: in 1994, Coca-Cola — 
which is keeping its own hyphen — 
marketed its Gatorade-like Power Ade. 

O.K. How do we handle this ma- 
nipulation of our media by marketers 
who want to catch our attention with 
tricky typography? Wired magazine 
goes slavishly along with what it calls 
intcrcaps. though it draws the line at all 
caps. I prefer The New York Times’s 
solution. From The New York Times's 
stylebook: “Contrived spelling in 
which the letters are capitalized should 
not be used unless the second portion of 
the name is a proper noun.” Thus. 
Pepsico. not PepsiCo: CompuServe, not 
CompuServe. That means BankAnter- 
ica is O.K.. but NationsBank is wrinen 
Nat ion shank because “America” is a 
proper name and “bank” is not. It's a 
lucky tiling we caught this in time. We 

came thisclose 

New York Turns StWhV 


ACROSS 

1 'Quite contrary' 
nursery rtiyme 
girl 

■ Sudden 
outpouring 
10 June 6.1944 
14 Pinza of'Souin 
Pacific' 
is 'Here 
trouble r 
i« Straight line 
17 Chest organ 
it Make amends 
(for) 

it Goats -milk 
cheese 

20 60's TV medical 
drama 


22 Detecoue Lord 

Wimsey 

22 Gumne&s suffix 
2* Shooting stars 

20 World Wildlife 
Fund’s symooi 
30 "The Hairy Ape' 
playwright 
32 Gets educated 

34 Finale 

35 Deep cut 
as Saharan 
40 Writer Brel 

42 Butter 
alternative 

43 

contendere 
(court plea) 


Solution to Puzzle of Julv 18 


nnmniiBEJ □□□ ataa 
□□□□□□□ naagnaa 
nnsnsmn naacanaa 
BEDE QHQ 0313110133 
E3HHQ 0HS □□□ 

□an ana aaaa 
aaHHnaaaauaaaaa 
□QmHanaaaaaHnaa 

□□□□□□□□□□unaaa 

□□□□ Bam □□□ 
nuu □□□ anaa 
0000030 mao mo 
□□BQQ03 BBBBBEia 
IdUULiUBB UaUBLiUB 

bob bob aaaasaa 


44 Kind of ~vu' in a 
classified 

45 Colossus of 

47 Hardy's partner 
50 Get used (to) 
si Medicine 
Injector 

54 Neighbor of Syr. 
se Enough to sink 
one's teeth into 
57 Pasfemak hero 

03 ' just me or 

. . 

54 Indian com 
as Nat theirs 
56 Rat (on) 

87 TV s 'Kate & 

sa Romance lang 

65 In 

(actuaiiyl 

70 She had 'the 
face that 
launched a 
thousand 
ships' 

71 Fuddy-duddy 

DOWN 

1 Blend 

2 Cote d‘ 

3N.H.L venue 
4 Cartoon bear 
s Oodles 

e Latke ingredient 

7 Cupid 

8 Rent -controlled 
building, maybe 


sWNW's 

opposite 

10 British rock 
group since iha 
nWd-70's 

11 Because of 

12 Take up, as 3 
hem 

13 Sophomore and 
junior, e g. 

2f Low-fat 

22 — — Club 
(onetime TV 
group) 

25 Downy duck 

26 Scheme 

27 Prefix with 
dynamic 

28 it gets hit on the 
head 

29 1967 Rex 
Harrison film 
role 

31 Moxie 

33 Shoulder 
motion 

38 Actor Alan 

37 Trickle 

38 Party thrower 

41 Way dog 

46 Spy Mata — 

48 Unspecified 
one 

48 Tin 

51 Wallop 

52 O.K. S 

53 Train tracks 

55 Luster 






n - 

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17 




5T 






Pusde ay Oweanr & i**6 


C.Vetc York Times/Edited by Will Shorts, 


38 Streamlet 
58 Empty 

80 Garage 
occupant 

81 Alum 

52 Sonja Henie's 
birthplace 
84 -jongg 


have had wuh the r atlU 
government, nor v ,i|T 4 

siaie out sizable a , lJpri ^ r 

Next v ear 5 elections'^. 

W| U r.’ous 
4>MSianct ^ 

onu-dim, 
the cap^mo* 

puna sw and Uefen,; 

iti own. Thus. rr-ushh 5*. 
L-cn: of .Vr.crivj / 0 ,dm ie ; 
was TocuseJ « -n ilcirnwaca. 
governance rrocranv. 10 £ 
J crisis. !, rave:. un-i les^. 
and nuiid l?sa! miraiitj. 
lure lhai a demivraii rcqtrr 
The Vji.-Zwoukli, 
ip he :r ^ p*.»ritji>|i. T « > rciUtntikH: 
kind cl iic. I* ih.' e'eziiuns i 


BOOKS 


on Available 


The lie*..- ••'= 

kluJaKe. meourt 

since 

she erid'.r.y. Eur-.-tv^: t&M 
Bur the C'.v.r'iM between aeit 
marcs ^ 

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Europe?. -e:a;cJ but 


DOG'S JEST FRIEND: 

Aimalsif the Dog-Hfiirmu Relatiouship 

By MarOerr 380 pages. 525. Henry Huh & Co. 

Reviewd by Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

I N the tie of Mark Den’s contentious new book. “Dog’s Best 
Frien: Annals of the Dog-Human Relationship.” (he word 
“frienc" of course, refers to human beings. But you wouldn’t 
know rtf from much of Derr’s text, which is sharply critical of 
how piple have treated dogs for the last century or so. 

At B heart of Derr’s text lies the views he expressed in a 
controtrsial article. “The Politics of Doss.” published in The 
Atlani in March 1990. As he sums up what he wrote: “I 
. explod charges, which had been floating around the fancy and 
• ’ dog wld for years, that overbreeding dogs for the American 
Kenn Club show ring was producing dogs unable to perform 
their idirionai functions or even enjoy healthy lives.” 
Helaborates: “In essence, the inbreeding of animals for 
appeance alone and the mass production of puppies to feed 
consner demand have led to an epidemic of genetic disorders 
and e loss of temperamental soundness and working ability 
in nst purebred dogs recognized by the AKC.” In “Dog’s 
Bes'riend.” the animus behind these views infects almost 
evething that Derr communicates. 

Ibe sure, he tries to get away from his underlying thesis. 
At St, he acts as if he is about to take the reader on a casual 
roulhrough the world of dogs, which, as he writes, have 
be<me so popular that “bv most reliable surveys, 38 percent 
of e households in the United Stales have one or more dogs 
— itimated at 50 to 57 million — while only 35 percent have 
chfren.” “I am a fan of dogs.” Derr confesses at the outset, 
“collector of dog anecdotes.” 
or a while you think you’re going to feast on such an 
eotes. Derr writes of a beloved dog who mysteriously got out 
ofoe house to greet his owners coming home from work the 
ening before he died. He describes the range of things dogs 
detea with their extraordinary sense of smell: narcotics, 
crency, fruit and snakes in luggage; gas at the site of arson; 
evs in estras; cadavers in a bombed building, and truffles. 

Jut Derr — whose previous books are “Some Kind of 
Fadise,” a social and environmental history of Florida, and 
‘Tie Frontiersman: The Real Life and the Many Legends of 
Ivy Crockett” — has not organized his text well. 


I 


1 LL 100 repeatedly his arguments collapse 
.V sessions: While dogs, whether purebred or 


r ..-grated th*. 

W-- - .... » iihlk 


into his ob- 
mongrel, are 

•neralists by nature, inbreeding tends to overspecialize them, 
oducing geaeiic monstrosities- With too much emphasis on 
ceding, handlers underrate (raining, which should never de- 
tad on punishment True dog people don’t own their animals: 
tey collaborue by getting “inside the minds of their dogs.” 
in the end Derr's one-track arguments wear you into be- 
rudging agnemenL Appearances shouldn’t be everything in 
.ood dogs; performance ought to matter, whether it be dragging 
1 sled or Ieapng for a Frisbee. Derr also includes solid practical 
idvice on hew to go about buying a dog. For all its blather, this 
is a useful b*ok. 

You onh wish Derr hadn't wasted so much tendentious 
prose arrivjig at whar is worthwhile in “Dog's Best 
Friend.” 


Christoper Lehmann-Haupt is on the staff of The New York 
Times. 



BRIDGE 


■ « nil ii* SS 

,..,d -.n tthi! 


wha: 

the i-?-? 7 - 
COJTJTt;^ 


; .Mil & 



By /lan Truscott 


Brad Moss, Elizabeth 
Reich ad Jim Krekorian, 
came wilin an inch of defeat 
recentlyAinning by just one 
imp aglnst a foursome 
headed V Kitty Munson. 

The iagramed deal, on 
which bth North-South pairs 
reached an optimistic four 
spades, was crucial. When 
Moss ;as declarer he re- 
ceived trump lead and caj 
rured ast’s nine with 
king. 

He iunediately led a heart. 
Vst snatched the ace, 
cashes the diamond ace and 
contired with the diamond 


: Z 








Ea won, and he could not 
be sir who held the remain- 
ing dmond. If Southfield it, 

north . 

♦ J 74 

V K J 10 6 2 
OQB 74 . 

*8 

£ST EAST 

«5 ♦109 6 3 

OAB 54 C »83 

Cr fi3 C- K J 10 5 

*f 72 *Q 53 

SOUTH (D) 

* AKQ82 

. 07 

062 

• A J JOS 4 

toiler side was vulnerable. The btd- 

p Souiii Wen North 

pt 1* 27 2 ♦ 

ps 4 ♦ Pass Pass 

8 

■st led die $pade five. 


and his clubs were A-K-J-x. a 
trump return would permit 
South to win in dummy, throw 
bis diamond on the heart king, 
and take a club finesse. Then 
the declarer would cash his 
club winners, ruff a club, and 
trap East’s nine-six of trumps 
in a coup position. 

So with considerable mis- 
givings, East attempted to 
cash nis diamond king, which 
proved very wrong. South 
ruffed with the spade queen, 
cached the club ace and ruffed 
a club. Then he discarded two 
club losers on the heart king, 
and the diamond queen, leav- 
ing the ending shown below. 

South ruffed a heart, ruffed 
a club, and caught East in the 
same coup position he had 
been trying to avoid. East 
should have considered that 
his partner’s choice of a 
singleton trump lead implied 
some chifrstrength. As it was. 
Moss, by making a contract 
that failed in the replay, 
gained 10 imps. 

NORTH 

♦ J 

V J 10 6 

o — 


*- 


WEST 
4 — • 

*7 Q 9 
0 — 
4K8 


EAST 
4 10 63 
V — 

4 — 

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SOUTH 
4 A 8 5 

w — 

0 — 

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t.e -v' 



means having d truly global communications network. 


t a lot cf people out 

Orf^^r, there prea lotcfpeople^^ 




to offer it to yon . 


is asmgl&c&ntact, but they don%ownand manage their whole network so it^s harder for 



comer. 


Theprdpdsed merger of BT and MCLtofbrm(^oncertPWi<nUbeone of the largest corpomte 
mergers in history. . r ' 

And that will mean seamless sohdiortsona truty globrf 



Global Communications 


Callus on +44 1179 217721 (Europe), +6129269 1279 (restoffhe world) or visitour ipebsiteatwwtvbtglobdLcom 

CONCERT and tftB BT corporals mart am traos mart? of British Tetoeommurlnstlona pic. MCI ts a nad* mart of MCI .TWsMmmuolcattena Corpiustloa. Conoan la lbs proposed mbfpsr of BT and MCI au&jsct 16 Uie necessary approvals. 






-r,.-r 







PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, JULY 21. 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 



All Jarkp/HfUk-n 

Students holding the Koran while marching Sunday in support of Ahmed Mousa Daqamseh, convicted in 
the killing of seven Israeli girls. About 1,000 university students took part in the demonstration in Amman. 

Life Term for Jordanian Who Killed 7 


The .Vmi< i tuted Press 

NAOUR. Jordan — A military 
court has convicted a Jordanian sol- 
dier of killing seven Israeli schoolgirls 
in March and sentenced him to life in 
prison. 

The soldier, Corporal Ahmed 
Mousa Daqamseh. 26. had been 
charged with the premeditated murder 
of the girls, who were shot to death 
during an outing on the island of Na- 
harayim. in the Jordan River. 

The corporal could have been sen- 
tenced to death, but the court handed 
down a life sentence Saturday, saying 


he was mentally unstable, said Bri- 
gadier Maamoun Khassawneh. who 
presided over the rive-man military 
tribunal. 

“The court found that the act was 
instantaneous and there was no pre- 
meditation." he said. 

He added that the tribunal believed 
the defendant suffered from an "anti- 
social personality disorder." 

The court also convicted him of 
plotting to kill Israelis since 1993, 
threatening to shoot some of his fel- 
low soldiers the day of the attack and 
disobeying army orders. 


tence is equivalent to 25 years in pris- 


As part of the sentence, he was 
demoted to private and dismissed 
from the army. Brigadier Khassawneh 
said. Under Jordanian law, a life sen- 
i eqi 

on at hard labor. 

The verdict cannot be appealed, but 
King Hussein, who visited Israel to 
console families of the victims, has 
the authority to reduce the sentence or 
cancel it 

Corporal Daqamseh, who pleaded 
innocent, said Ik fired at the school- 
girls because they had mocked and 
disturbed him while he was praying. 


Next in Space: ‘Thrills, Chills, Spills 9 

Ambitious Future Missions Promise to Spark Public Excitement 


By William J. Broad 

New Yuri Times Sen iee 


NEW YORK — After decades in 
which the space program drew more 
yawns than cheers, the heavens are sud- 
denly alive with the tragicomedy of the 
Russian space station Mir and the tri- 
umph of Mars Pathfinder's roving ex- 
ploration of the red planet. 

Policy analysts say the burst of ac- 
tivity hints at things to come. 

The drama, they say, will continue or 
even rise in years ahead as astronauts 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

take on risky new jobs and waves of 
low-cost robots explore other worlds. 

The public has wen largely apathetic 
about the space shuttle since the ex- 
citement of the early launchings and 
missions, which began 16 years ago. 
The shuttle's job of hauling payloads to 
orbit is often seen as dull. 

In contrast, the emerging phase of the 
U.S. space program is characterized by 
new promise and peril. 

Dozens of probes are to head for 
comets and asteroids, moons and planets, 
deep space and beyond, an jh zing the 
fabric of the heavens, searching for signs 
of extra terrestrial life and hunting for 
Earth-like worlds around distant stars. 

Closer to home, astronauts are to 
build, service and repair an international 
space station the size of a football field 
— an endeavor steeped in the danger of 
sudden death. 

"There's going to be thrills, chills 
and spills." said John Pike, director of 
space policy at the Federation of Amer- 
ican Scientists, a pri\ a le group in Wash- 
ington. "AH this stuff is exciting in a 
w ay the space program hasn't heon for a 
long time." 

Louis Friedman, executive director 
of the Planetary Society, a group in 
Pasadena. California, that advocates 
space exploration, said the program was 
entering a vigorous new phase. 

“We re coming out of a slump." he 
said in an interview . "The 19S0s were 
dark and lost. They were dark because 
we sent back no images from other 
world*. and lost because we forgot why 
we were in space. ‘Routine access' was 
the mantra, when what people really 
wanted was to expfere new worlds." ’ 

"There’s a sense os' real vitality 
now." Mr. Friedman added. "The ex- 
citement has returned for the first time 
in decades." 

The pace of activity is to pick up in 
the years ahead for robots and astro- 
nauts alike, and this i s already treat ing a 
major challenge tor people who arc try- 
ing to keep track ol the new under- 
takings. 

"There are so many missions." said 
Donald Savage, a spokesman at rhe 


headquarters of the National Aeronaut- 
ics and Space Administration in Wash- 
ington. "It’s difficult to keep up." 

There is broad agreement that the 
high point of the U.S. space program 
occurred as men landed on the moon in 
the late 1960s and as the first wave of 
deep planetary probes swept the solar 
system in the 1970s. 


Earth Snag 
Delays Data 
From Mars 

Tne ^shwhircd Press 

LOS ANGELES — Technical 
problems on Earth blocked most 
data from the Mars Pathfinder over 
the weekend, delaying images of 
the moon Phobos. observations of 
morning fog and more rock meas- 
urements. 

Mission controllers said they 
hoped to complete a retransmission 
of the stream of computerized pho- 
tos and measurements on Sunday. 

The problems, unrelated to com- 
puter resets on the Mars lander that 
delayed communications earlier in 
the mission, were caused in part by 
the incorrect '■citing of a radio an- 
tenna in Madrid, explained the 
project manager. Brian Muirhcud. 
at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Labo- 
ratury ui Pasadena. 

The antenna receives informa- 
tion from the Pathfinder robot 
probe, which has been exploring 
the surface of Mars since its July 4 
landing. 

The problem was compounded 
by an Earth-based computer reset 
and the lack of time the Pathfinder 
team had access to the global Deep 
Space Network of antennas, which 
was also being used to receive data 
from the Galileo mission to 
Jupiter. 

A reset is a safety feature similar 
to hitting a reset button on a per- 
sonal computer or other device. 

Meanwhile, rhe rover Sojourner 
tried to touch and analyze a rock 
dubbed Scooby Doo with its 
sensors, but overshot its coal. 


After that, the program became 
bagged do* n in increasingly costly pro- 
grams and spectacular failures, partic- 
ularly the explosion in 1 986 of the space 
shuttle Challenger, which killed seven 
astronauts. The Hubble Space Tele- 
scope was launched into orbit in i^W. 
onlvfohavo scientists Icam that ik main 


mirror was distorted by a serious flaw 
that astronauts later repaired. 

The new era of revitalization is partly 
attributed by analysts to the influence of 
Daniel Goldin, who became the NASA 
administrator in early 1992 and started a 
vigorous campaign to make the 
agency's projects smaller, cheaper, 
faster and better, as he put it. He is still 
pushing that agenda hard. 

The other rejuvenating factor is Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton, who, soon after tak- 
ing office in 1993, ordered NASA to 
abandon its long rivalry' with Moscow 
and join its Russian counterparts in cre- 
ating an East-West program of piloted 
exploration of the heavens. 

It was the first time that the White 
House had paid close attention to the 
space program since the moon landings. 
The political goals of its order were to 
help strengthen the shaky Russian econ- 
omy and to engage Moscow in con- 
structive space work tn exchange for 
ending practices such as exporting ad- 
vanced rocket gear to developing coun- 
tries. 

To date, five American astronauts 
have lived and worked aboard Russia’s 
Mir ouiposl. The En si- West collabor- 
ation is to culminate in the international 
space station, a 470-ton. 356-foot < I IO- 
meter t behemoth that is to hold as many 
as seven people studying the heavens 
and the Ear.h, as well as things such as 
human physiology, while moving 
through space a! niore than 1 7.1KH) miles 
127.000 kilometers) an hour. 

The cascade of accidents that has 
shaken the 1 1 -year-old Mir has raised 
questions about whether the station 
should be set aside in favor of the new 
one. which is viewed as safer. 

But many analysts say ihat logic is 
flawed, that the new outpnM will have 
its own accidents and dangers, some of 
which could be major. 

"All the things that have happened 
could happen in the funire.” said Jerry 
Grey, policy director of the American 
Institute of Astronautics and Aeronaut- 
ics in Washington, a professional group 
of aerospace engineers. "If we planned 
the use of Mir in the most effective way. 
wc would have had all these accidents. 
It's invaluable experience." 

The new outpost is to be assembled in 
space by astronauts. Just sending all the 
parts and crews into orbit will require 42 
launchings, which arc lo begin next 
vear. Construction is to he finished in 
2003. 

"There will be a fair amount ol ex- 
citement*’ as astronauts work as orhitnl 
builders and mechanics, said John 
Logsdon, director of the Space Policy 
Institute at George Washington Uni- 
versity. 

He added that the drama would center 
on "fixing problems" and avoiding the 
risk of ‘"killing people." 


Friendships 


I Vjijn'.ir-i-M-n b.itiirdji in tin* Ini.iTmiirkii.Tooilwrtj'^MiHiLiil RifiiEivrK lawrr.nn!- IlHniiHiiuri 

] '14; - :« |0i | 41 43 94 76 / lux: - :« ft I! I 4 ) W 7t) 

or your nr-.in-st HIT nfii<r or pjins-eiiUilisi*. 

Hcralb^i-Sribunc 

mi m>n«:r» Mtt.ntin - 


Palestinians Arrest Top Police Official 


* 


Gaza Colonel Whs Accused by Israel of Ordering Attar ks on 


'Settlers 


Ow'/iliill 1 ' Hut S'ldJt fiiiw/liyufcAi't 

JERUSALEM — Palestinian secu- 
rity officials, acting on orders from Yas- 
ser Arafat, have arrested a police com- 
mander accused by Israel of ordering 
attacks against Israelis, a Palestinian 
official said Sunday. 

Brigadier General Saadi el-Naji. the 
head of a commission set up by Mr. 
Arafat to investigate the Israeli charges, 
said that Colonel Nafez Musmar Mu- 
saimi was one of four police officers 
arrested. 

Israeli officials said Friday that they 
had proof that Colonel Musairai. acting 
on orders from the Gaza police chief. 
Brigadier General Ghazi Jabali, sent 
squads under his command out on at- 
tacks. 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
told his cabinet Sunday that Palestinian 
police involvement in attacks was "the 
most flagrant violation" of the Pales- 
tinian autonomy accord to date. 


But his office said Israel was not 
satisfied with the arrest ol Colonel Mu- 
saimi and wanted an inquiry into top 
Palestinian police commanders. 

Mr. Arafat ordered the investigation 
with the aim of getting Israel and the 
Palestinians back to negotiations. Peace 
talks broke down after Israel broke 
ground in March for a new Jewish 
neighborhood in a disputed area ol Je- 
rusalem. 

Israel had previously arrested lour 
Palestinian policemen who thev said 
intended to carry out attacks against 
Israelis. 

It said Colonel Musaimi allegedly 
ordered his three officers lo shoot at a 
settler’s car last week, in which there 
were no casualties, and to plan another 
attack against the Braha settlement 
south of Nablus. 

General JabaJi on Saturday rejected 
the accusations as "only Israeli pro- 
paganda." 


Foreisn Minister Da id Levy helo 
talks with the top Pales ine Liberation 
Organization negotiator Nabil Shaath, 
nn "Sunday as part of a l iropean bid to 
advance the stalled Isrr ii-PLO peace 
moves before a Brasses meeting of 
European Union foreign ninisters. 

But neeoliniors were mable to an- 
nounce a hoped-for meting between 
Mr. Arafat and Mr. Lev at the EU’s 
General Affairs Counc meeting in 
Brussels on Tuesday. 

The chief Palestine negotiator. 
Saeb Erekal. said on Israe radio that th 
United States was prepan ! a * “package 
deal" designed to gel thealks back on 

track. , . . . 

The package, as reporfe by tne radio, 
would temporarily freezi Jewish set- 
tlement construction an delay the 
second Israeli redeploym it from the 
West Bank while aceeler ing negoti- 
ations toward a fin.il-statu agreement. 

i AP. AP. Rcutcrst 


THAI Win s 

Award for 
punctuality 

staff writer 

XHAX Airways 1996 

was recent, Award” 

■■mteroaoonalj^fk and landings 

f* on-™* Airpo^ « 

atArnst^ms Sct u P ^ t 

Han S ants, award to J 

Airport. New Vear, 

THAI at tbe ^ ty sdripol 
gathering orga *^f . was se- 

lected from 38 ^terdam 

* he year. 


air 




vjj -STAR ALLIANCE 


At Thai, our goal is to tiie off on ’mat 


1997 

Summits a 
Conferences 


^ jj| 

nit wiiiu its »\n \ \i w m»mm i: 


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i>AA*l ! j&o 


NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


«• 1 Z JT .'.4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY. JULY 2J. 1997 


Sam [ jQiK I LQ4« I Sc'rt | SfllW 

Slfcki Div Yld KNhHchLCMr Cl« Owe | SflXM Dry YhJ IDfeHan La* D-j-Clwe ! 5-aO i Pi- fl- l<KKH>fr*t Lja OseOw I Wi 1 *®*! Lfijr OwDiw I ***** Vid lOOSMiflh Low UttDw 


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I'm W__? -M. 


Itw&MlDk THMHTM 




.listot*"'* 


he time. IPs nice to know our efforts are being noticed. Thai. Smooth as silk. 


I^lhai 


As an extension of the news and commentary the International Herald Tribune brings to 
its readers, the newspaper has a successful and highly-respected worldwide summit and 
conference program that focuses on economic, social and political issues. The program for 

the second half of 1997 includes: 


t 



Korea Summit 

World Water: Financing for the Future 
Romania Investment Summit 


Seoul* September 10-11 

Istanbul September 30-0ctober 1 


Bucharest October 29-30 


Oil a Money Conference London 

Southern Africa Trade & Investment Summit Gaborone 


November 18-19 


November 18-19 


For further information on any of these events, please contact Brenda Erdmann Hagerty, 
International Herald Tribune, 63 Long Acre, London WC 2 E 9JH. 

.. Tel. (44 171) 420 0307 Fax: (44 171) 836 0717 E-mail: bhagerty@iht.com 

•For Asia/ Pad fie conferences, you may also contact Lesley Varlinden, International Herald Tribune. 
.Asia Pacific Conference Department, 7th Floor, Malaysia Building. 50 Gloucester Road. Hong Kong. 
Tel. (8521 2922 1107 Fax: (852) 2922 1100 




Continued on Page 14 



































































PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


More Gains Are Seen, After a Pause 


Bruize iVni s 

NEW YORK — Treasury bond prices 
are expected to resume their uptrend this 
week, but they may wait until after the 
testimony by the Federal Reserve Board 
chairman. Alan Greenspan, to do iu 
Mr. Greenspan's semiannual appear- 
ance before Congress to discuss monetary' 
policy and the state of the economy will 
take place Tuesday and Wednesday. 

With almost ail the economic news 
lining up in the Fed's favor, many traders 
see little reason to fear a near-term tight- 
ening and say that harsh words from the 
Fed chairman are equally unlikely. 

"Demand is coming off. inflation is 
superbly behaved and still coming 
down/' a bond trader said. ** Greenspan 
is not going to derail anything.” 

But" some still see a risk that Mr. 
Greenspan could sound unfriendly. 


Ted Ake. head of government trading 
at Everen Securities Inc., said that signs 
of economic strength — which unnerve 
bond traders and investors because they 
often herald an increase in inflation — 
were beginning to appear in early third- 
quarter data and That “the second quarter 
never got as weak” as expected. 

But Stephen Gallagher, director of 


US. CREDIT MARKETS 


U.S. economic research at Soriete Gen- 
erate. argued that corporate earnings had 
been srowing strongly enough to justify 
the levels at which stocks were trading. 

"We're still doing very well on the 
profit front." Mr. Gallagher said, noting 
that second-quarter corporate earnings 
had been running above expectations. 

The yield on the benchmark 30-year 


Treasury bond finished Friday at 6.52 
percent, down from 6.53 percent the 
previous week. 

Analysts say they also will be listen- 
ing for the Fed’s estimate for 1997 U.S. 
growth, to see what it implies about their 
outlook for the second half of the year, 
and for any mention of real, or after- 
inflation. interest rates. With inflation 
numbers coming in lower than expected, 
real interest rates ore higher, a factor that 
theoretically should help slow growth. 

Traders are mostly upbeat about the 
Treasury's sale this week of two-year and 
five-year notes, given the recent dearth of 
Treasury paper. But they say the tuning of 
Mr. Greenspan's testimony could be a 
problem, especially for the two-year bills, 
as die possibility of unfriendly comments 
from die Fed chief could hurt the auction 
that also sorts Tuesday. 


Most Active International Bonds 


The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Euroctear system few the week end- 
ing July 1 8 Prices supplied by Telekurs. 


Rnk None Cpn Maturity Price Ytetd 


Cpa Maturity Price YteW 


Cpr Maturity Price YieW 


Austrian Schilling 


161 Austria 
219Auslric 


07/15*7 1002500 5.6100 
6U 0715/27 97.6000 6.4000 


Australian Dollar 


1 72 Australia THilis zero 01/08/98 96.9322 6.6800 
185 Fannie Mae 6 ft 0710. TO 101.1108 6.4300 

198 Australia 7 C4.15.00 1052870 6.6500 


Belgian Franc 


181 Belgium 


03/28*3 120J100 7.4800 


British Pound 


130 World Bonk 
203 EBRD 
243 Bri torn 


zero 07.1 7/00 78.9474 8.1800 
62000 021 4/00 97.7073 6.3500 
7 ll/O&QI 99.4375 7.0400 


Canadian Dollar 


7‘i. 0& 01/07 110.0400 63900 


Danish Krone 


4 Denmark 
lo Denmark 
19 Denmark 
23 Denmark 
38 Denmark 

42 Denmark 

43 Denmark 
52 Denmark 
61 Denmark 
70 Denmark 
93 Rea) Kredil 

105 Nykredit 3 Cs 
122 Denmark 
1 34 Denmark 
153 Denmark 


0315/06 
1115/07 
1 5AM 
1115-01 
1115,98 
051503 
1 11 5,00 
1115/02 
1210799 
1110/24 
ion) nb 
10/01/26 
0215/98 
0215.V9 
0815/97 


1)3.90 

1065000 

108.1500 

1125200 

1062800 

113.9500 

113.7100 

104.9000 

103.7500 

1012000 

92.1800 

91.9500 

101.7200 

103.0000 

1002050 


81 Germany 

82 Germany 
03 Germany 
84 Germany 
£5 Germany 
90 Treuhand 

100 Germany 

101 Germany Tbllls 
1027reunond 

103 Treuhand 
107 Germany 
U2Treuhand 
115 Italy 
1 1 7 Germany 
119 Germany 
121 Germany 

124 Germany 

1 25 Germany 
127 Germany 
128Treutiond 
133 Germany 
141 Germany 
ISO Germany 
154 Germany 
I55Frefsfaates B 
159 Germany 
165Treuhond 

1 o8 Germany 

186 Cop Credit Cord 

187 Germany FRN 

188 Germany 
193 V/esIf Hypolti 
200 Germany 
202 Germany 
206 Russia 

21 5 Germany FRN 
220 Treuhand 
233 Germany 

248 Treuhand 

249 Credit Local 


6 « 0520/99 
6ft 07.1 5/04 
5ft 0221.07 

6 042014 
6ft 0422,03 

5 1217/98 
64k 0520/98 
zero 1017/97 
6ft 03/26,98 
6ft 0104,04 
0ft 08/21-00 
6'i 07/29,99 
5ft 0710/07 

o 02/20/98 
S~i 0222/99 
6ft 1202-98 

8 09,2297 
5ft 08-20/98 
7’i 10/21/02 
5ft 04/29,99 
5ft 05-28,99 

7 1222/97 
8ft 0522-00 

6 10.20/98 
6 10-30/06 
6ft 02/24/99 
5 s t 09/24/98 
6ft 07,21/97 

5 ij 08,15/01 
2.950004-06/00 

6 -: 01.02/99 
S’-? 0913-99 
7ft 02/21,00 
7ft 01.-2000 

9 03-75/04 
2.870709 30/04 

6 s 04,25/98 
6^3 0420.97 

7 1125/99 
5 1 : 10/1*00 


1045000 

1093900 

1015903 

98.7857 

709.3938 

102.1100 

100.7325 

995057 

101.9500 

106.6300 
112.6800 
105.0600 
100.2000 
101.6000 
1028900 
1045100 
100.8000 
1025500 
111.6200 
103.7300 
103.8600 
1015700 
112.6667 
103.1400 
1 02.7800 
105.1200 
1025700 

97.8607 

103.B563 

99.6800 

104.2100 

103.4500 

109.4375 

108.0500 

104.1000 

99.1400 

102.6300 
100.2525 
1075300 
103.7546 


195 ttaiy Class B 5 12/15704 117M 42500 

227 ExtmBk Japan 2 ft 07/28/05 104.1250 25600 


244 Spain 
247 world Bank 
250 World Bank 


3.100009/20/06 104.7500 2.9600 
554 0372002 714U 45200 

4V* OV2IV03 114 3.9500 


Spanish Peseta 


738 Spain 
175 Spain 
21 3 Spain 
223 Spain 
225 Spain 


7.9000007287072 1095650 7.1900 
1755 08/30/98 1065000 105400 
6* 04/15/00 1 04.1700 65600 
9500004/3Q/99 107.1820 8.7700 
7.350003/31/07 107.9740 65100 


Swedish Krona 


140 Sweden 
146 Sweden 
757 Sweden 


15BSweden 1036 10<A 


196 Sweden 
237 Sweden 


05/05/03 1205640 8.4900 
01/21/99 106.7680 10.1100 
04/12/02 995020 55400 
05/05/00 112.8767 9.0800 
02 09/05 98-4860 6.0900 
1 0/25/06 1005700 65800 


U.S. Dollar 


5 Brazil Cap S-L 4V, 04/15/14 915509 
9 Argentina par L 5V» 03/31/23 73.0694 
21 Brazil 1014 05/15/27 96.09651 

28 Mexico 11V6 05/15/26 1185849 

29 Brazil L FRN 6ft 04/15/06 87.1647 
32 Argentina lilt 01 /3CJ/17 1155542 
35 Brazil par Zl 5Vi 04/15/24 69.8849 
37 Argentina FRN 64* 03/29/05 91.8065 


40 Venezuela FRN 61* 12/18/07 92.8900 


46 Brazil FRN 


6<Vi* 01/01/01 98.8375 


47 Venezuela par A 6M 03/31/20 82-3125 


6ft 07/15/02 99.8373 


Dutch Guilder 


62 Brazil 5. L FRN 6V* 04/15/12 83.1538 


Deutsche Marie 


1 Germany 6 

2 Germany 6 

3 Bundes obligation 417 


6 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 
M Germany 
15 Germany 

1 7 Germany 94 

18 Germany 
20 Treuhand 
22 Treuhand 

24 Federal Tsy 

25 Germany 
27 Treuhand 

30 Germany 

31 Germany 

33 Treuhand 

34 Germany 
36 Treuhand 
39 Germany 
41 Treuhand 
45 Treuhand 

48 Germany 

49 Germony 

50 Treuhand 

51 Germany- 

53 Germany 

54 Treuhand 

55 Treuhand 

56 Germany 
5“ Germany 
58 Germany 
60 Germany 
63 Germany 

65 Germany 

66 Germany 
68 Germany 

72 Germany 

73 Germany 

74 Germany 

75 Germany 
“6 Germany 
79 T rei-hand 
60 Germany 


0704*7 
01/04/07 
027202 
04/26/06 
01/71*2 
08/20/01 
07.04,27 
07/22*2 
01 ,1>3/05 

05- 1205 
06.1&-99 
11 / 20/01 
01/04.74 
01/05,06 
09,09/04 
120202 

03.19- 99 
05,7101 
10-0102 
10,14/05 
10 / 20,00 

06- 1103 
05.1500 
01 79.03 
021MI6 

07- tr°.O3 
047303 

07.20- 00 
11-11,04 
051204 
027001 
057101 
0701.79 
01,14 99 
087200 
11.71,00 
1270 02 
0715,03 
09 70.01 
011300 
08,70 01 
011500 
01 7201 
09.15,59 
OC 1298 
0915 03 

121c 99 
” 

1220 00 


103.3922 
102.8100 
96.3494 
1053100 
T 14.1479 
1013298 

101.8667 
113.0383 
110.6012 
109.7340 

98.1185 

101.4240 

98.8517 

103.7367 

113-5333 

112.2300 

985280 

102.8667 
112.7205 
104.8969 
114.6000 
109.7729 
1O5.0B75 
11] 1200 
103.7067 
108.7200 
106.0640 
113.1433 
1136500 
109-2550 
113.9525 
114.3075 
105.1100 
102.1900 
104.9100 
101.1941 

108.9793 
1 OS. 1 900 
114.4400 

10? -4 900 

113.7937 
106.4350 
1137392 
106 3s00 
1C0JI00 
1 06.0605 
100 1200 
1054fW 
1147200 


26 Netherlands 
44 Netherlands 
86 Netherlands 

88 Netherlands 

89 Netherlands 
92 Netherlands 

94 Netherlands 

95 Netherlands 
99 Netherlands 

113 Netherlands 
1 U Netherlands 
116 Netherlands 
126 Netherlands 

131 Netherlands 

132 Netherlands 
145 Netherlands 
148 Netherlands 
192 Netherlands 
205 Netherlands 
221 Nethertanas 
224 Netherlands 


1 102.6200 
> 101.8300 
! 115.70 

115.1500 
I 102.8000 
114 
1 121.4000 
I 11514 
. 104.1000 
I 115.6500 
1 106.8000 

; 110.7800 
1 104.5500 
! 104.7500 
i 109.1000 
1 105.1800 
103.9000 
116-20 
I 103.6000 
I 112.3000 
I 110.40 


64 Mexico par B 
67 Mexico par A 
69 Russlon Fed 
71 Brazil 5-ZI FRN 

77 Mexico 

78 Ecuador par 
91 Argentina FRN 

96 Mexico 

97 Ecuador FRN 

98 Bulgaria FRN 
104 Russia 

106 EBRD 


616 12/31/19 80.7500 
6tt 12/31/19 80.7500 
10 06/26*7 1023173 
6ft 04/15/24 85.2708 
9ft 01/15*7 1068018 
316 COmvS 51-3750 
6ft 03/31/23 88.1458 
lift 09/15/16 1162875 
3U 02/28/15 69.9714 
6ft* 07/28/11 75.2360 
9ft 11/27*1 101.6250 
zero 07/31/97 99801 B 


110 Brazil S.L FRN 6 >ft* 04/15*9 87.7475 


111 Mexico FRN 7ft 08/0401 100.1100 
120 Italy 6ft 09/27/23 982041 

123 Argentina FRN 5.710904*1*1 128.7000 
129 Canada 6<6 05/3000 101.5000 

1 37 Venezuela par B 6U 03/31/20 825000 
139 Poland Inter 4 10/27/14 875938 

142 Brazil S.L FRN 6«V 04/15/12 825004 
147 Brazil Cbond S.L 4ft 04/15/14 92.2086 
151 Fin For Dan ind 6ki 06/13*11015500 
1 56 Mexico C FRN 6820312/31/19 94.0758 
16QMexlcoD FRN 6 **b 12/2B/19 94.0757 

162 Argentina II 10*9*6 1135728 

163 Ecuador FRN 6ft. 02*8/25 74.7900 


162 Argentina 

163 Ecuador FRN 


87 France OAT 
109 France OAT 
118 France OAT 
135 Britain 
144 Prance OAT 
140 p ro nce B.TA.N. 
1 74 France OAT 
18J Italy 
189 France OAT 
107 France OAT 
218 France CAT 


103.6000 
97.3922 
. 109.2000 
116.1500 
114.1000 
104 5400 
111.8400 
102.5000 
1245000 
1125000 
117ft 


164 Mexico B FRN 6835912/31/19 91.9926 


166 Peru Pdi 


03*7/17 65.3750 


167 Mexico A FRN 6867212/31/19 94.0000 


Finnish Markka 


726 Finland srl<>?9 11 01 '.Sm 110.3963 9.9600 


French Franc 


143-ranceOAT 5-: 
1 76 rr GfO Empur.t 5 
201 France OAT 7 : 
207 France E TAN 4ft 
2c0 France 5.TA.N. 5 : 
24: Frances Tji.rg. 4 :. 
246 rRPC? OA - i 1 ; 


04 25 07 1005400 5.4700 
071*97 99.9800 6.0000 
OJ2S.06 1135300 6.3900 
04 -'295 101.7500 4 6700 
1 012-01 104.2600 52800 
03 " 2 02 101.0000 4.7000 
11.25 02 117.9600 7.2100 


169 Holy FRN 

1 70 Boyerische LB 

171 BcoCom Ext. 
173 Pern From 

177 British Telecom 

178 Canada 

179 Abb Inti Fin 

180 Panama FRN 

182 Dow Chemical 

183 Bulgaria FRN 
190 Prat orrw Dot 
194Uoyds Bank 
199 BNG 
2041ADB 

208 Centauri 

209 Argentina 

210 Philippines Fix 


5J1 88 05/12*2 99.8600 
6ft 06/25*7 100.7003 
7i, 02*2*4 93.6250 
3ft 0107/17 60.0625 
7 05/23*7 102.9680 

6 J <i 08/28*6 1025609 
2ft 07/10*4 99.1233 
6*fti 07,17716 87.7500 
6ft 07/15*2 1005000 
6T» 07 ,28*4 75.7825 
12k. 07-15*5 98.4271 1 
6 06/16-98 99.9633 
6ft 07/08*2 100.4564 
6ft 06/27*2 1005726 
zero 01/1 2/98 96.6391 
8ft 12/20,03 102.7397 
81- 10*7/16 1 02.76)4 


211 Bco Brasil FRN 6Wi» 10/14/79 85.4999 


Italian Lira 


03-01-02 101-2500 6.1700 
c; 31 07 102.J700 t. 5-700 
32 01 07 1105300 35900 


Japanese Yen 


1 >. :r‘z T-: '-.■S'C : 420512 or rg; 55 36 4 9700 


212 Poland par 3 10/27,24 59.6875 

21d Nigeria fift 11/15/20 70.0313 

216 Bulgaria 2'i 07/28«l2 59.6250 

217FNBChlcago 7 05*8*0 101.7500 

228 Cregem Nth Am zero 10/10/97 98-1083 

229 Comm Os Fin 5.726601/29*1 99.6000 

230 Mexico 91- 02*6*1 106.1250 

231 Hitachi Credit 6ft 07/10*2 1005000 

232 Quebec 7 01,-30,07 101.6250 

234 Abbey Nall TS 6ft 0*30 00 1 00.1 250 

235 Fort Motor 5ft 01/17 02 99.8700 

236 Eksportfinons zero 12*8.97 77.1 5o2 

233 Britain 6V. 07/19*1 95.7917 

239 Poland FRN 6' ** 10727,16 98.2500 

242T7.KC 7 06-11*7 103.781! 

245 5oyer L 6ft 0610*2 101.6250 


230 Mexico 

231 Hitachi Credit 

232 Quebec 

234 Abbey Nall IS 

235 Fort Motor 

236 Eksportfinons 
235 Britain 

239 Poland FRN 
242TMCC 
245 5oyer L 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar. July 21-25 


4 s:-*:..c r.f -i y.r •*- ; — r -rv '? "* --'J r 5-7:— :r}&+vrest Aprs 


Asia-Pacific 


Europe 


Americas 


Week sign ministers ot the Association of 
South East Asian Nations, follov.ed 
by ASEAN regional security forum 
and conterences with major trading 
partners. Thursday to July 29 


Madrid; Sank of Scam expected to 
■ei ease May current account and 
June budget de'-c-f. 


Washington: Federal Reserve 
Board Chairman Alan Greenspan de- 
livers his semiannual testimony on 
the economy to Congress. Tuesday 
and Wednesday. 

Earnings expected; Asarco. Grand 
Casinos. Hilton Hotels. 


Monday 
July 21 


Jakarta: PT Lauten Luas starts trad- Paris: Finance Minister Dominique 


ing cn the stock exchange. 
Wellington: Commerce Commis- 
sion expected to decide whether to 
approve Povverco Ltd.'s takeover 
bid for Egmont Power Ltd. 


Srauss-Kafm presents results of an 
audit cf pus ;, c finances. 

Eamings expected: Gencor. 
Siemens. Norsk Hydro. 


Eamings expected: America West 
Airlines. ARCO Chemical. Ashland. 
BellSouth. Data General. Exxon. In- 
ternational Business Machines. Kim- 
berfy-Clark. Lydall. Nabisco Hold- 
ings. Tyco International. Union Car- 
bide. Unisys. 


Tuesday 

July 22 


Hong Kong: Consumer pnee index 
for June. 

Jakarta: PT Lippo General Insur- 
ance and PT Panasia Filament inn 
start trading on the stock exchange. 


Nuremberg: Finance Minister Theo 
V/aigel speaks at conference of re- 
gional foreign-trade officials. 
Eamings expected: Burgenland 
=ie<:rizi:aets-.virischafts. Volvo. Poly- 
gram. Banco Ccmerciai Portugues. 


Eamings expected: Amoco. Bell At- 
lantic. Bristol-Myers 'Squibb. Lock- 
heed Martin. Monsanto. Netscape 
Communications. Northern Tele- 
com. Northwest Airlines. PepsiCo. 
Philip Morns, RJR Nabisco Hold- 
ings. Schenrtg-Plough. Texaco. 


Wednesday Seoul: Daow Technology. LG-Cal- 
July 23 tex. Pan Tech. Poong Sung Electric. 

Young Bo Chemical. Yoo Sung Metal 
and Yukong Gas begin trading chi 
the slock exchange. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases quar- 
terly ouflook for (he economy 


Brussels: European Commission 
expected tc give its final ruling on 
Bser.g s purchase cf McDonnell 
Douglas 

Eamings expected: Reuters Hold- 
ings. C's-sn: SmithKIine Beecham. 
Deutsche Bar.?. 


Washington: House Banking Com- 
mittee hearing on U S. monetary 
policy. Participants to include the 
Federal Reserve Board's vice chair- 
man. Alice Rivlin and Fed governor 
Laurence Meyer. 


Greenspan Returns to Spotlight 

Anxious Investors Await U.S. Fed Chief s Latest Inflation Views 

„ . ■ i.knr mclc and SP- 


By Carl Gewirtz 

Infrruotumjl Herald Tribune 


Thursday Hon 9 Kong: Angang New Steel be- 
July 24 g>ns trading on the stock exchange. 

Jakarta: PT Lippo Cikarang beams 
trading on the stock exchange. ~ 


Amsterdam: Updated firsl-quarter 
gross comes: c product figures. 
Eamings expected: imperial Chem- 
ical Industries. Bayensche Ve re ins- 
bank. SAP. Commerzbank. Philips 
Eiectran.es Encsson. Novartis. Ban- 
co Buoac Vizcaya. Anglogold. 


Seattle: Microsoft's annual financial 
analysts meeting. 

Eamings expected: Colgate-Pal- 
molive. CSX. Delta Air Lines. Digital 
Equipment. Dow Chemical. Gate- 
way 2000, Phillips Petroleum. US 
Airways Group. Xerox. 


Friday 
July 25 


Shanghai: Central bank governors 
from China. Japan. Singapore 
Hong Kong. Malaysia. Thailand. 
Philippines. Australia. Indonesia 
and Korea meet to discuss turbu- 
lence in currency markets. 


Moscow: Announcement of winner 
of auction o : 25 cercenl of RAO 
Syyazirves*. 

Lisbon: Bar* cf Portugal sets 
senchma'k rates for next period of 
cps- a: :~s 


Brasilia: Brazil and Bolivia sign con- 
tract for gas pipeline. 

Eamings expected: Canadian Oc- 
cidental Petroleum. Linamar. LTV. 
Piper Jaffray.. Southwest Airlines. 

U S West Communications Group. 
W.R. Grace. 



u* UfiP 


PARIS — Investors around the 
world will be holding their breath and 
waiting for clues to the direction of 
U.S. interest rares Tuesday when Alan 
Greenspan, chairman of the Federal 
Reserve Board, delivers his semian- 
nual report to Congress on the state of 
the U.S. economy." 

The collective anxiety is not simply a 
function of the fret that interest rates 
affect stock prices and that these de- 
velopments set the (one for European 
markets. Mr. Greenspan's testimony, 
which will continue Wednesday, also 
will be scoured for hints as to whether he 
is prepared to accept the controversial 
thesis that inflation is. and is likely to 
remain, held in check by the competition 
unleashed through the ever-increasing 
globalization of business. 

The Fed has left rates unchanged 
since a quarter-point increase in March 
lifted its key overnight rate to 5.5 per- 
cent At that time, Mr. Greenspan was 
warning against an "irrational exuber- 
ance" in financial markets. The Dow 
Jones industrial average had just passed 
7,000 points, and the yield on l O-year 


government debt was 6.75 percenL 

Last week, the Dow average briefly 
topped 8.000, and the yield on 10-year 
Treasury paper was 6.23 percent, flirt- 
ing witli lows not seen since die end of 
last year. Notwithstanding Friday's 
sharp bout of profit-taking in New Y oik. 
European stock prices are also flying 
high, and long-term interest rates in the 
benchmark German bond market stand 
at 5.57 percent, a mere nine basis above 
their modern low of 5.48 percent. 

Mr. Greenspan's testimony “comes 
at a crucial lime/ * Don Smith of HSBC 
Markets in London said “If Mr- 
Greenspan takes a hawkish line, die 
scope tor a bond-market sell-off is 
large” — although he quickly added 
that he thought this unlikely. 

With the U.S. federal deficit down 
sharply, inflation trailing expectations 
and economic activity believed to be 
well below the overheated pace of the 
first quarter. Mr. Smith said he expected 
Mr. Greenspan to signal a downward 
shift in interest-rate expectations. 

But skeptics of the so-called New 
Age paradigm and its benign view' on 
inflation remain. “Just as the com- 
bination of rapid growth and falling 
unemployment is leading to the classic 


results of rising, ,abor “ 

celeratiEg inflation in the U.K., we 
ieve that the U.S. economy will be 
tom to follow suit." Stephen Roach at 

Mor»an Stanley said. 

Loeys at J.P. Morgan ^equally 
adamant "Government bonds have 
Sed levels that are cleatly over- 
Sriced," he said, given the ted-quarrer 
upswing predicted by Morgan , ana^ysE. 

Acainst this uncertain background, 
it is no surprise that new-issue activity 
in the international bond markets has 
slowed sharply- particularly also with 

the onset of summer. - 

The exception is the U.S. dollar sec- 
tor. which continues to attract investors 
looking for the relative safety of the 
currency, which has hit a six-year high 
against the Deutsche mark. 

To insulate bond investors from a 
possible rise in U.S. interest rates, the 
bulk of the new dollar issues are veiy 
short-term — 2 1 months for Belgium s 


S> 






V* 1 '- 


L'-stv : \ 


$400 million offering, for exartrole. 
Fwvi'rp.rl this week is a $500 mil- 


Ex pec ted this week is a $500 mil- 
lion, five-year note for Imperial Chem- 
ical Industries PLC — its first bond 
offering under a $4 billion medium- 
term note program arranged by 
Deutsche Morgan Grenfell. 


Mortgage Trusts: Out of the Shadows 


By Larry Dignan 

A«W Yi’it Times Semee 


NEW YORK — Gary Gordon remem- 
bers taking part in a panel at a recent 
investment conference about a inulti- 
billion-dollar industry — and the speak- 
ers almost outnumbered the audience. 

The reason for the sparse crowd might 
have been the subject: an unusual Amer- 
ican real estate investment trust that 
makes its money from owning mort- 
gages. not properly. 

"They are so different from other 
REITs there wasn’t a lot of interest," 
said Mr. Gordon, a stock analyst at Paine 
Webber. 

These mortgage trusts are not exactly 
financial stocks, or traditional "brick 
and mortar” real estate trusts, either. 
And they are undercovered by analysts. 


undervalued by Wall Street and largely 
undiscovered because they are difficult 


undiscovered because they are difficult 
to classify. 

The trusts are relatively rare. too. 
There are only 18 public mortgage 
trusts, carrying a total capitalization of 
S6.1 billion, versus 169 public equity 
trusts, with a market cap of $94.4 bil- 
lion. 

But analysis say these unusual trusts 
may be attracting more attention, as in- 


terest rates remain stable and as real 
estate in general is on the upswing. 

All real estate trusts must pay out 95 
percent of their eamings in dividends, 
and that makes them favorites of in- 
vestors who are looking for income or 
fretting about a market downturn. But 
trusts also carry risks; the biggest risk for 
mortgage crusts is higher interest rates. 

Because they pay out nearly all their 
earnings, the mortgage trusts tend to be 
highly leveraged. Thus, their profits are 
largely determined by the difference be- 
tween the interest they receive on their 
mortgages and the rates on their loans. 

Quick, successive increases in interest 
rates, as in 1994, can raise borrowing 
costs with no immediate increase in in- 
come. reducing profits and dividends 
and sending stocks reeling. In 1994, 
many mortgage trusts were selling at 
book value, if not below, analysts said. 

But with today’s slow, steady eco- 
nomic growth and stable interest rates, 
mortgage trusts may be poised for good 
returns. And after the pummeling in 
1994, many of them have diversified 
their businesses — writing and servicing 
mortgages, for example, or buying de- 
rivatives — to help protect them from 
rate fluctuations. 

Moreover, these trusts have recently 


outperformed their more common cous- ; 
ins. According to the National Asso- 
ciation of Reaf Estate Investment Trusts, 
the stocks of mortgage trusts had an ' 
average total return of almost 47 percent - 
for the 12 months ended on June 30. ’ 
while equity trusts gained 34 percenL 

The near future also looks good — so 
good that another six mortgage trusts 
may go public within the next six 
months. 

As long as rates remain stable, m 
“there’s a chance for 20 percent-plus 
total returns for the next year or so.” said 
W. Coleman Bitting, an analyst with 
Stifel Nicolaus & Co., an investment 
bank in St Louis. Missouri. 

Among the mortgage trusts favored 
by managers is Criimi Mae, which buys ; 
the riskier pans of commercial mort- 
gages that are “securitized,” or split and • 
rebundled. Ocwen Asset Investment; 
which went public in May, also invests 
in securitized commercial mortgages;'' 
and Imperial Credit Commercial Hold- 
mgs, which is expected to go public in ; 


August, is planning to do so. too. 

Other mortgage trusts, however focus 
on the residential market. Capsiead 
Mortgage Holdings is one favorite of • 
portfolio managers who mine this sec- ' 
tor. 


New International Bond Issues 


Compiled by Paul Floren 


Amount 

(miKonsj 


Coup. 

% Price 


Floating Rate Notes 

Adelaide Bank 
Ascot Capital 
Cho Hung Bank 
China Merchants Bonk 


— Over 3-month Ubor. NoncaDoDle. Fees 0.1 5-: . Denominations SIOOOQ. iSwfcss Bank Carp J 


1998 0.10 100.011 - 


Credit Industrial el 
Commercial 


1998 0.40 100 

2004 070 HXT” 

1998 fioor mm 


Under 3- month Libor. Noncolloble. Fees 0 C5ft. CBZ9/.1 

Over 6-month Libor. Noncallable. Fees 0.1 2ft Dcnamlnaftons fiSUWO. fBA AslaJ 


Over 6- month Ubor. CaHcAleai par in 2092. Fees D*43ft. (Swiss Bonk Corp.) 


Interest will be J -month Libor. None citable. Fees OiOft. fUBS.I 


Over 3- month Libor. ReotfercO al 99.87 ft. CaUobte In at pot in 1979. Fees 032S>. Denominations 
flQQ.000. 'HSBC) 


Golden Castle Euro Finance 


IMI Banklnri 


2004 0.24 100 

2002 libor 99,95s. 


— Over ]-manlh Ubor. Nancalktble. Fees 0.40 ft -S'^res Bade Caro.l 


interest .sill be 3-month L>bor. Noncoilable. Fees I'.ft. (BZW.) 


Fixed- Coupons 


Abbey National Treasury 
Inti. 


199? r> 101.108 99.85 Fe-ff«cd at M 353 Ncncolhibie. Feci l iSaldmon Sachs.) 


Alfa- Russia Finance 
Banco BBA Credilanstall 


Nencallsb'e “ees ii.JSft. 'GjidmcnSortr. intlj 


catiobhj i<-li m ’CCO ftes 0-JSft. Paribas 


Belgium 

BMW Capital 

Camartjo Correa Induslnal 

Kellogg 

Rabobank 


p'ia/MPMc’MWf.NMKsBsMe e ccs l :Dw.cIk .V ioitjan GrentoU 


■ftefterrs r c75 NorczI lMe Fees I ; -ft Hummer* bank.) 


— j-.-m. enn-aiik Isiisb.c'sTSvW 1 - miri;. prc-.n&raft. 'Chase UannattaiLi 


Protterpil ats-J 7-:i NcntaTtatto. Pcrs 'Lerrocn Brothers I 


P-oftiM /• f. 'yl ?i ;rcc!'able Fees : '■ Sr; ns Bank Cert 1 


Norddcutscric Londeobank 


Ns*i. suitable Fees I -r 'Bear Steams.) 


Tovola 

Unoxim inti Finance 
Allianz inM 


PeftKcrr-S nr SVSS Nsncaflsnlc. Feet t "rr. iCSr&.i 


Noncallcfl!'.'. Fees r . VV-emil LlKki 


Rearfeted at '>9.77?. Nancoiiob'c Fl-m 2T .. IDresdntr Kleinaotl Benson.) 


General Motors Acceptance 
Corp. 


Peoffeted c- T) 41 Nancaiicbft. = ees . 'BZW., 


Abby National Treasury 
Services 


o 97.368 - 


rioTicailnble c ees u l?i- ; Saictran Btomcrs 5 


Bank Nederiondse 
Gemeenten 


2007 7 5-i 101524 — Rcoftcred or ».a-’9. Morarnsbie Fe«;-,. H&BCJ 


Brazil 

Equitable Life Finance 

Halifax 

CrerSt Local do France 

Fiat 

Spain 


2007 10 701.088 — 


Pmntmd=r««5a Nc-ieora^ft. Fees 2 = rBZ.*.'.j 


FF2.Q0Q 

ITL300.000 

'iTuoaooo 


perpl 8 99.549 — 

2009 5-ft 101.311 99.92 

2001 5ft 101.381 99.75 

’ 2002 W0 Tcfl .625 99.70 

“2008 6 99.74 of 75 


— Callable in JOii*. Fees 0.425 s '- ‘ABt; A,V SO Hocre GovcttJ 


ReoHered ct » 6W Norcciisde. Fees 2ft. :CBC MarshcsJ 


Monca'iablc Fees I ft" .. rPcnbos.- 


BccIIittw at Vt M NxrtaBaMe. Fees : ft'-. . 'CrKito noidno ; 


Moecalloble Ikuc -.-.in he rwtenwninated 4t Sorts oftcr EMU Fees 0375ft. (Svnss Bonk 
Corn! 


SJi. Electricity Supply 
World Bank 


5AR8.000 

'sari, 000 


2027 Zero 2J75 242 

199S 14'.- 10D74 IT - 


vipid 12 . W a 2.45. NcKaiiesie. Fees Qcutschc Atargan GrHjfen.i 

Nont:ilaa;e. s ees 1 -,. -.iv-i.i 


9S, 

X K 

~ ■ .. : ft 


Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock Indexes 


t/nlfwl States 

□j maus 

DjUM 

DJ Tmk 

StPlOO 

56P500 

S&Plrul 

NV5ECp 

NasCoqCD 

Jopon 

N*nn TiS 

Bnfnrfr 

TfSTiOC 

CnmiOn 

ISE ifMiK 

Ftpncr- 

LAL MJ 

Cwmony 

DAX 

Hcng 

Marta V-M 

World 

MSCir 


Money Rates 



Unlli-tl Slab". 

Jult 18 

Juirli 

lii-.vjerir rut-: 

:■«, 

i.M 

him,' rolrt 

P. • 

fi ■ 

pLOnral hum* ran 1 

6 ■ 

3- J 

lap'in 

DcTount 

0 ill 

nro 

l off 


045 

InHrtitl' iiik.-rbanK 

0 63 

063 

brOnki 

R5n» h-t..- ralv 

A : 

l . 

ft-Jir . vl Of II; v 


S' ' 

1 , tin,, lb interM'il 

#• n . 

. 

r ran, - 

IrBSiTilfWii im,. 

3 IC 

1 10 

'.nil 

; . , 


1 iiiudIIi in'i-rtiiTiil 


T m 

r -v-ii«mny 



luinniiift 


Air, 

'.nil ninii-'*, 



1 11111 , 1 th iirli-rl rlli. 

1 : r . 

3 13 

' ■ -■'■l > 

■1. ,e 1 r 


L’K'il'Vl ,1 

J?t J'i yens 

~ 1 I- 


Eurobond Yields 


Weekly Sales 


Jvtr it Jolf tl Vr im Vr ln> 


5 S. la-:- :rra-. 
U.5. i rtCtr. term 
U6.i.sfnrTtrrm 

bounds slerii**- 
French traiKs 
ntftaft lit 
"Crt'sn rnnnr* 
5-.-j«isn kronor 
ECU'S l^r; term 
bCUs. ihdm torn 
Can t 
•'.JS 3 
»: t 
1 r 11 


661 709 
632 684 
69V 6.51 
747 7 75 
£.05 
42? 7.J9 


521 593 

£.14 :■<! 


60S 643 
S2G £53 


5.78 651 
646 7.86 


i.9? 2.15 


Pmubiv Merfcei _ . 

tiMU Earoenvr 

I KM S MM 

Strtijtts 363.1 231 & 2.1833 LtBl7 . 

Convert. 673 — 1995 38 ? 

FJfNs 7566 1.9653 iUS M 
cC F 12.721JI 9^273 1262 IS 13,9618 ' 
Total 14.998.7 1ZQ24.0 Ii47i7 15.1233 - 
Secondary Yarxcl / ' 

SmTu EwK*wr 

S Non* S MM 

Stra*nts2R5433 1S*142 96,265.9 26OTJ ' 
CsnvP/I. 1.632.4 7106 4J646 J., 77.1 

FWffc 2i958i 7^80.7 446863 5677-t - 


I ' 

-1 r. 




y s st. 


5>:-r» L^r-rri'.-? J'.vA nerorje 


ECP 15.565.9 JIXWclI 31.1S8.7 263123 .J 
left! 7Z670.1 45301 61 748756 603713 f 
Seurte: Eontdmr. CrdctBtmk. 


Libor Rates 


iVorU ,nucu -rM" ywst i ' ‘ r, 


1 rtnonro l-msmti Hnrntri 

■1.5. t 5ft F’l' !' < Frtnthtm: 

Occftene .-nar* 3 ; J'- , 3 : . ECU 

Po'.nn sti'it.iiT *' . 7‘ t 7 1 Yen 

Shr.i.* Uf, a: Sfli*. Ze n.rer. 


1-nwdH J-nwntti .. 

3! • 34b Th , 

4--. 4<. 4J 4 

•4 ‘l« n-B 


IF 


i\n i:\vnnwi m* , < 

-=a^<tnbunc 


flight 

teat htflation 

aX's?,;- % 

■Ueveihai foe i'< ,n *'-■ i ? J . 
•w*o follow * 5 - 

^aasumky s ajl / 

J ’ sn Loe\j. at .1 p X 

amant. "G>m '" r -un , 

k ‘-d, nesjid. . JK ' c k?aH« • 


Asam.t ,hi> 

• s . no ■‘ ,Lr pristr th ., .;:! n n ^;., ru : 

J,e *aiernarion a : i!' ‘ 

med *han?l\. -.^n/rr 

The exception i.,h..r, . 


Where’s the Volatility? 
Back in Currency Market 

Asian Turbulence Ends the Focus on Bonds 


By Carl Gewirtz 

IWi riulturhll IU rjM Ir:ha/ir 


'« w hich cunr 


*«*g for Ihe S',;;: iUr ^< 

rrenev. whs: h h • * '* '‘ ,r ei' , 


To insuhtJ^y;;:^- 
SMbieriM i n j x ‘ 

Uiot the new u .j,,;' cr ™ Me, , 

go miii:o.- ■; '*«**. 

Expected rhi. ~i '' ( ' r c ‘.^pir 

n.ftve-vcarr..,: , ... *' s ’ l( ir-. 

I Industries pi\ ' ,J ‘ ! ' Vria '' , r,- 
wing under jV. , 1N f,r i^ 


m note pr ...- 1 
usche Mofjj.i' I 


Sliai 


tprrf urine j -jv -. 
*- Accord::. ■ :. 
it:or.o:'RcafEi; 

- '•SOilis »■'! j’'.. 
trace vie! r -i >•. 
■ :he <2 v.'p-’ .. 
iijc irj*;. 

The near ‘u . 
<si :ta'. 

ij ?t< »vj 

As ior.j j’< : 
:iwe's j ch. ; n... 
returns :Vr 

Coiev.i.r 
fo* ^ iC C I C u .* 

ik !T: L. ■ 

Arsv'tu !' n • - 
rnar.-Jer.- .■!"■ 
r:*L:i ,r 

itD.i-eJ. 

.J.i -.ter: . 

’svu: <.• 

: Lnperic! 0:. 

■v iOllC!! .> -■ . 

. ' ' r • : . . 
>i2v i:\c- -c.... 
!«l- . 

« uiij H- .: . 


PARIS — A glance at the dollar's 
• J l* v performance chan against the Deutsche 
. j mark last week — a nearly flat line 

", Ij ■ d "Hr € . around 1.79 DM — would appear to 
'. lr,kl inv- 4r contradict the view of market expens. 
1 1 \ ‘ irci - "f i bul rhe >’ ‘ nsist volatility in exchange 
S! '\Vaj rates is back and that the currency mar- 
■ 4 ket is likely to remain the favored* outlet 

''‘■''■T' lflT . for speculative money looking for a 
• • 1 - r - ■ m r ; ] c y quick profit . 

; 1 ^ c ‘ v For all of last year and the early pan 
of this year, global bond markets dis- 
, ,r c‘.«rr^ placed the currency market as the place 
N *' Syt\r to niafce a fast killing. But with yields 
J:i, rvria:r r ; now near record lows in Europe and 
- in nr ilf" Japan and at a six-momh low in the 
mv United States, bond prices look vul- 
1 ‘Tranc-i ^ nerable to those who expect an upturn in 
i:!cil. ''' world economic activiry to inevitably 
•lead to an upnim in inflation and a less 
' accommodative monetary policy from 

’central hanks. 

"Foreign exchange as an asset class 
fTfeVi'C ' Aas * ess anraci * ve when all the major 
tt g central banks were doing the same thing 
— trying to stimulate growth," Jan 
, re , r> . Loeys at' J.P. Morgan said. For John 
Lipsky at Chase Manhattan, "the re- 
I n . c , n ' n ^ newed volatility in the fweign-exchange 
!. r j 1 wr » market reflects both increased uncer- 
.. ; ‘ A tainty about the economic outlook as well 
i t* r as a Pproaching end game in Europe in 

• 1 'ii a fbe r* 10-0 ? 10 monetary union." 

' J ' 4 Neil MacKinnon at Citibank sees in- 


& ini'N ^ 

'• !:,t JlDr" 
: '- J ' 4 Peri 

u'lHV. 

'k »• . 


creased volatility as “an appropriate 
response.” He said. "Exchange rates 
adjust for changing economic circum- 
stances and perceptions- about interest- 
rate policies — sometimes this volatility 
gets played out in bond markets, and this 
year it's in currency markets." 

Volatility remained high last week in 
emerging markets that have been un- 
settled by the devaluations of the Thai 
baht and the Philippine peso. The con- 
tagion from East Asia was evident in 
Poland. Brazil and Pent as well as 
Greece and New Zealand as hot money, 
formerly attracted by high local interest 
rates, fled countries running high cur- 
rent-account deficits where currency 
values looked suspect. 

This turmoil, according to Avinash 
Persaud at J.P. Morgan, has probably 
contributed to the strengthening of the 
dollar and to a lesser extent the yen, as 
they have been the major "funding” 
currencies that investors use to finance 
asset purchases in the emerging mar- 
kets. The rush back into the dollar gave 
the currency a boost worldwide, and the 
fact that some repatriation occurred into 
the yen explains why the dollar this 
month has moved more sharply against 
the mark than it has against the yen. 

There could be a second wave, Mr. * 
Persaud warned, if banks in Thailand, 
the Philippines and Malaysia feel com- 
pelled to cover rheir collective $60 bil- 
lion increase in foreign currency bor- 
rowed over the past three years. 


Kn.jin 

- 1 prro-i:-; 
i ’-rj; «*r ;.i ^ 

• ir.itfjiv 

• ■jn 

’•1-n It 7 

nir-cr.ul * 
-• '« 'T plr. 


Asian Financial Markets Brace 
For More Currency Turmoil 


Cimqnh J fa Our Slflf Faun Dn/uacbri 

HONG KONG — Asian financial 
•»:.iJi7 markets were bracing Sunday for an- 
rr. i:l r„ : other rough week of tradi ng. after stmg- 
•>r plr. gHng last week with de facto currency 
Ir.’.r-tn- devaluations that roiled markets. 

• i.. . mr Persistent turmoil in Asia's currency 

p,or:i markets is expected to depress already 
<■ iiirr.uiH. weak sentiment in stock markets 
:•>:.■ p-jHj. throughout the region, with the central 
, banks’ policies still unclear. 

!■,■:• --.jiti. in three weeks. Thailand, ihe Phil- 
Cj(hl ippines, Malaysia and Indonesia have 
: |\,me all abandoned the monetary stability so 
;h, fundamental to the region. 

In the absence of central bank in- 
tervention to keep speculators at bay, 
mmmm the Indonesian rupiah plunged to an all- 
time low against the U.S. dollar, the 
Malaysian ringgit sank to a 38-month 
low and the usualiy-strong Singapore 
dollar retreated to a 3 1-month low at the 
end of Asian trading on Friday. 

Hong Kong and Bombay are seen as 

. _ the safest havens for the coming week, 

.Vith the Philippines in the front line for 
-ttT $ore trouble. 

The Thai baht has fallen more than 20 

percent since its July 2 float, and it is nor 

.17- just the general downward trend bur the 
" volatility that bothers traders. 

"Now the baht can jump 40-50 
satang at one go, not like in the past 
when it moved just 4 or 5 satang,’ ’ Sutee 


Losonponkul, treasury manager of Na- 
korthon Bank in Bangkok wrote in Sun- 
day's South China Morning Post There 
are 100 satang to one baht. 

Dealers have voiced swprise that 
central banks, particularly Malaysia’s 
Bank Negara, which had stoutly de- 
fended the ringgit previously, allowed 
their currencies to sink so rapidly last 
week. But the authorities may be about 
to jump in. 

“Although the central banks had kept 
a relatively low profile in recent days, 
we would not rule out stronger inter- 
ventionist measures from the different 
central banks.” said Andy Tan, general 
manager of MMS International in 
Singapore. 

Market players expect a plan for con- 
certed central bank action to emerge 
from a meeting of Asia-Pacific central 
bank governors in Shanghai on July 25. 

“Although it is a scheduled meeting, 
what will be of interest will be the 
central bank perspective of the present 
currency turmoil. Investors will be kept 
on their toes as to the meeting’s out- 
come," Jimmy Koh, regional economist 
with British finance house IDEA said. 

Speculators have kept the markets on 
tenterhooks by stacking up long dollar 
positions against key currencies and not 
giving an idea on when they will square 
off these positions. f AFP, Reuters) 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY. JULY 21, 1997 




& - 




i^". ; . Jill 





f^i 






:. TV' 
- J :-*•« 


■i ; • \ . « •- 
1 X • * : i • *. 














-ip- 

nVb.’ 




• i !• | 






SIIRFING HIE NET IN CHINA — Enthusiasts using terminals 
connected to the Internet at a computer show in Beijing on Sunday. A 
joint venture of China United Telecommunications Corp. and Sparkice 
Co. aims to set up 100 Internet cafes around the country in the next year. 


Paris Softens Its Stand 
Against Privatizations 

Worsening Deficit Is Expected in Audit 


RfJWn 

PARIS — The new Socialist gov- 
ernment, which initially opposed privat- 
ization. is having second thoughts as 
pressure mounts~to plug holes in the 
budget in the approach ro European 
monetary union. 

Retreating from its tough anti-privat- 
ization talk, the government has decided 
to go ahead with plans by its conservative 
predecessors to sell the' unprofitable in- 
surer GAN and its banking unit. CIC. 

But. in line with its decision io reverse 
the sale of the defense electronics giant 
Thomson-CSF. the government said the 
company *s unprofitable consumer-elec- 
tronics unit Thomson Multimedia 
would remain “a public company." 

The government’s privatization plans 
are falling into place as it prepares for 
the release Monday of an audit of public 
finances that is expected to show a 
worsening of France's government def- 
icit in 1997. the crucial year for mon- 
etary union. 

"Reality is catching up with then- elec- 
toral program,” Iain Lindsay, a bond 
analyst at Credit Lyonnais, said. "It 
doesn’t surprise me they are going to 
have to relax their very' rigid stand that all 
privatizations would have to be termin- 
ated.” 

Prime Minister Lionel Jospin has pre- 
pared public opinion and financial mar- 
kets carefully for the audit, leaving him 
well placed to blame his predecessor. 
Alain Juppe, for a 1997 deficit expected 
to be running at 3.5 percent to 3.7 per- 
cent of gross domestic product. 

That would be well above the 3 per- 
cent guideline for joining the common 
European currency contained in the 
Maastricht Treaty, leaving the govern- 
ment with little choice but to press 
ahead with asset sales, analysts said. 

While the government cannor use pri- 
vatization proceeds to cut the deficit, 
new cash can help it finance companies 
that need it. In the case of GAN, analysts 
said the government had been forced to 


sell it to win European Commission 
approval for pumping 20 billion francs 
($5.3 billion) into the insurer, which has 
hit by a property-market slump. 

Thomson Multimedia is in line for an 
1 1 billion- franc state handout. Keeping 
Thomson Multimedia, whose planned 
sale to South Korea’s Daewoo Elec-, 
cronies Co. last year was scrapped amid a 
public outcry, is a nod to the govern- 
ment’s Communist coalition partners. 

But the government indicated Friday 
it was willing to part with a minority 
stake in France Telecom, which is seen 
as the jewel in the state crown. The 
previous rightist government had 
planned to sell 35 percent of the com- 
pany, which is valued at 160 billion to 
210 billion francs. 

Analysts also were impressed with 
the government’s decision to press 
ahead on selling CIC. whose planned 
sale last year was scrapped after strong 
local protests. 

"I find the GAN decision and es- 
pecially the CIC decision quite encour- 
aging — the fact that a Socialist gov- 
ernment is willing to take on ail those 
local interests." Paul Home, an econ- 
omist with Smith Barney in Paris, said. 

Some even saw a bright spot in the 
government’s decisions involving 
Thomson-CSF, the defense-electronics 
portion of Thomson SA. Although the 
government halted the unit's sale, it said 
it was interested only in keeping a “de- 
cisive stake.” This raised market hopes 
that it may retain only a “golden share,” 
which would still give it heavy influence 
over major corporate decisions, bur let its 
58 percent stake fall below 50 percent. 

There are a variety of suitors for 
GAN. including its French rival AGF. 
which is said to be considering a share 
swap, and Germany’s Allianz AG. 

But without the European Commis- 
sion’s approval of government aid. 
GAN has said, it could post a loss for 
1 996 of 14.7 billion francs instead of the 
expected 5.6 billion francs. 


Bell Atlantic andNynex Conquer Merger Obstacle 


By Mike Mills 

Hushinstun Post Sen-ice 

WASHINGTON — BeU Atlantic 
Corp. and Nynex Corp. have struck a 
deal with federal regulators on ways to 
open their local phone markets more 
quickly to competition, allowing the 
companies to complete their long- 
awaited $23.7 billion merger. 

In a 10-page letter to the Federal 
Communications Commission, Bell At- 
lantic said ir would agree to several 
conditions that the company had been 
discussing with commission officials in 
recent weeks. All are designed to make 
it easier for competitors to gain a 
foothold along the U.S. East Coast, 
where Bell Atlantic and Nynex control 
. local telephone services. 

With BeU Atlantic’s agreement to the 
conditions, Reed Hundt, chairman of 


the communications commission, said: 
"I think we can and should approve the 
merger. These conditions apply to the 
whole region, and they make up for the 
loss of Bell Atlantic as a potential com- 
petitor to Nynex.” 

The commission is expected to vote 
on the merger within weeks, and its 
approval is considered likely. The trans- 
action would create the second-largest 
U.S. communications company, after 
AT&T Corp.. with $28 trillion in annual 
revenue and 130,000 employees. 

Although the agreement offers some 
hope for large-scale local competition 
along the East Coast, it comes just after 
a federal conn in Sl Louis struck down 
the commission's pricing rules for local 
telephone competition in a ruling that 
many analysts said probably would slow 
the opening of the $100 billion market. 

Commission staff members said BeU 


Atlantic would risk fines or other pen- 
alties if it failed to honor the conditions 
after the merger was approved. But some 
analysts were skeptical about whether 
the deal could be adequately enforced. 

“If they detiver on what they’re 
promising, it would be welcome news,” 
Jeffrey Kngan, president of Kagan Tele- 
com Associates in Atlanta, said. "All 
they’re saying is they’re going to ne- 
gotiate better with competitors. It’s not 
like they have a great track record of 
negotiating.” 

The agreement puts an apparent end 
to a roller-coaster regulatory approval 
process for BeU Atlantic and Nynex. 

Critics of the deal were upset in April 
when the Justice Department approved 
the merger with no conditions attached 
— they thought the marriage of two 
powerful BeU companies should have 
drawn more scrutiny from the nation’s 


top antitrust enforcer. It was the latest in 
a string of proposed industry mergers, all 
of which foUowed a major restructuring 
of telecommunications laws early last 
year. Early this summer, when AT&T 
and SBC Communications Inc. began 
merger talks — which have since col- 
lapsed — there were further cries that 
regulators should do something to stop 
foe “merger mania” sweeping foe tele- 
communications industry. 

That's when Mr. Hundt stepped in 
and said he would scrutinize foe Bell 
Atlantic-Nynex deal. 

The new telecommunications law al- 
lows companies to offer service by con- 
necting to or even leasing local phone 
networks. But critics such as AT&T and 
MCI Communications Corp. have been 
complaining that BeU Atlantic, Nynex 
and other local carriers have imposed 
obstacles to competition. 






Boeing Hides Its Hand as an EU Deadline Nears 


By Tom Buerkle 

Inicrnuiionul Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Like a pokerplayer waiting until 
the last minute to show his cards. Boeing Co. 
remained silent Sunday about any new concessions 
in its planned merger with McDonnell Douglas 
Corp. 

There were just three days to go before the 
European Union antitrust authorities would con- 
vene to give their judgment on foe controversial 
U.S. merger. 

Officials at foe European Commission, the ex- 
ecutive agency that handles antitrust issues for foe 
15-nation European Union, reiterated their de- 
termination to block the American merger at then- 
meeting on Wednesday if Boeing did not by then 
make significant new proposals ro ease their con- 
cerns. 

“Unless they come up with something really 


big, I don’t see how they can hope to get it 
through,” an official said of Boeing. 

The aircraft company's executives and com- 
mission officials said foe two sides had no sub- 
stantive discussions over the weekend and that they 
were unlikely ro have any Monday, when offices 
here are closed for Belgium's national holiday. 

Commission officials, said that Boeing must 
make an offer some time in advance of foe 
Wednesday morning meeting to give foe agency 
time to brief national antitrust officials. 

Richard Albrecht, bead of Boeing's Commercial 
Airplane Group, met with the EU competition 
commissioner, Karel van Miert, late Friday but 
made no new offer ro meet Mr. van Mien’s con- 
cerns that the combination would strengthen Boe- 
ing's dominance ar the expense of Airbus In- 
dustrie, the European aircraft consortium. 

The main obstacle continues to be Boeing's 
exclusive. 20-year contracts with American Air- 


lines. Continental Airlines and Delta Air Lines. 

Boeing has offered to reduce the length of those 
contracts to 13 years, but EU regulators have 
rejected that as insufficient. 

They contend that any exclusive contract would 
act to shut Airbus out of the U.S. commercial 
aircraft market. 

In the absence of direct talks, sources reported 
diplomatic contacts between Washington and 
European capitals in an attempt to find a com- 
promise and avoid a trade war. 

Last week, senior officials at foe U.S. State 
Department suggested joint U.S.-EU monitoring 
of the exclusive contracts to prevent any anti- 
competitive behavior, but Mr. van Miert turned 
down the idea. _ 

Also. President Bill Clinton criticized Europe's 
opposition to foe merger and indicated that foe 
United States could resort to trade retaliation if foe 
deal was blocked. 


Cross Rates July is 

s I DU FA lira WT IF- XI. y« B Fwta 

ARSttnM tat 23ns 1.1259 0332 0.1155* — 5*25 ' 1-3475 1 M>‘ IJtt US' 

biwh 3639 flag 20405 4.1U HUT MM — 25BU5 OJ177 2650 M3T 

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t&ntfMM U7« — 2390 »13l MM 337S3 61H93 HOT 19Jil»l_ 230M 2S24641 

MaMd 151555 253536 U2M UXB USf 74BJ1 4J8H 10136 136.91 1100*6 — 

IMn UiUO 20250 97105 2082 — 6*550 47.17 1.17050 15095 136780 115*9 

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New York £b) — 14033" 17*5 0653 18*606 2*77 3782 14755 11545 UM 1514*5 

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I SDR U77J OCX 24658 82* 139651 277* 508571 28358 151513 18OT 207457 

Closings in Amstmlom CondonMikn, Paris and Zurich, tongs in ototr centos Nem York 
and Toronto rates at 4 PM 

tr To buy one pound; fir To buy one da Hoc ‘ Units of UXt H Q-- not quoted.- AL4-- not 
oroMrie 


IBM Says It Can Make 
Internet Payments Safe 


Other Dollar Values 

Conner P*rS CwrMcy P«rS 

■... Aixmtpaso 0.99B6 Giwkdrac. 281.37 

'■ A«st™u*is 1.3532 Hong KoogS 7.7495 

Austrian seft. 11845 Hon* forint 192-71 

Smart* 18811 InAMinpM 35-73 

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Vena. MR. 


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■ CtHTMey 3Moy (D-day 98-day OmiBcy 30-day 4Me» 20-doy 

Pound Starting 1X709 14680 1466T Juponwym- 11*37 11X73 11X19 

Consd&m doflar 1-3737 1.3712 U687 Svfnftoic 14779 14728 14678 

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SflUrtBE ING Bonk (Amsterdam. I; Indosua Batik (Batssebb Bona CammertiOie 
HaSana (Mlkm); Baaaue de France (Perisk Bank ofTakroJNtsuUsN (Tokyo); 


By Paul Floren 

Special U the Herald Tribune 

M ONACO — International Business Machines 
Corp. says it has developed a secure system for 
payments by credit card on foe Internet, and major 
banks and credir-card companies including Visa, 
MasterCard, American Express, JCB, Discover and Diners 
Club are backing the standard. 

Under the plan, purchases made under the Secure Elec- 
tronic Transaction standard, or SET, will be guaranteed by 
major credit-card issuers just as if the purchase had been made 
in a store or over the phone. 

SET uses an Internet browser like those made by Netscape 
Corp. or Microsoft Corp. The consumer places an order with a 
merchant; the order is encrypted so that the merchant sees only 
foe products ordered and the amount of the purchase, while the 
bank sees only foe payment information — nor foe items 
ordered. To use SET, companies will need to establish mer- 
chant servers, for which IBM makes foe software and hard- 
ware. The merchant server acts as an intermediary among the 
buyer, the merchant and foe credit-card company. Everyone 
that uses SET must be registered, allowing foe retailer to feel 

See INTERNET, Page 14 


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Annual Reports 

Farther to the two advertisements which appeared 
in the International Herald Tribune on June 26 and 
July 7, please send me the Annual Reports for the 
following companies or e-mail your requests to 
Annual-Report@iht. com 

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Fax: 33(1)41 43 92 12. 


PAGE 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


Corporate Hot Seats Get Hotter 

CEOs’ Terms Shorten as Boards Grow More Impatient for Results 


Signs of Dizziness Over High-Fliers 


By Steve Lohr 

Wm h'ri Tuui'\ Stn kr 

NEW YORK — After barely more 
than eight months as president of AT&T 
Corp.. John Walter is gone. He became 
the second revolving-door corporate 
casualty in eight days, resigning a week 
utter Gilbert Ametio was ousted by 
Apple Comparer Inc. on July 9 after 17 
months as chairman. 

The exits of the two high-profile ex- 
ecutives point to the new reality of life al 
the top of American corporations: The 
pay and benefits may be lavish, but the 
leash is short and getting shorter. 

Institutional shareholders have be- 
come increasingly impatient over the 
years wirh poorly performing compa- 
nies and are not reluctant to express 
their opinions to corporate boards. 

But it was not until the early 1990s 
that the ouster, in rapid succession, of 
the chief executives of General Motors 
Corp.. Sears Roebuck & Co., Interna- 
tional Business Machines Corp. and 
Eastman Kodak Co. served notice (hat 
rhe old rules no longer applied. 

The old ways, in fact, had changed so 
much that Robert Stempel lasted only 27 
months as chief executive of General 
Motors before he was forced out in 
November 1992. Last August, Robot 
Frankenberg left the software maker 


Novell Inc. after 30 months at the helm. 

But even that kind of pace seems 
almost leisurely by current standards. 
Corporate boards are under greater pres- 
sure than ever to acknowledge man- 
agement problems and act quickly. 

The long upward climb of the slock 
marker is partly responsible. Laggard 
companies look even worse today, with 
stock prices of most companies surging. 

But when a short-tenured executive 
rakes the fall, it is also evidence of a- 
boardroom blunder. The AT&T and 
Apple braids, for example, dismissed 
Mr. Walter raid Mr. Amelio for not 
being up to their jobs. But those were the 
same boards that had chosen them for 
those jobs not long before, hailing them 
as management superstars. 

In an era of rapidly changing tech- 
nology, open capital markets and the 
globalization of business, American 
companies, workers and managers have 
been forced to respond. But boards, 
analysts say, often seem to be on the 
trailing edge of change. 

“Boards are still too much exclusive 
clubs, typically with a few token out- 
siders,” said James Moore, president of 
Geopartners Research, a consulting firm. 
“The modem board needs to be a work- 
ing co rami tree that helps reposition and 
reinvent the company from time to time 
to capitalize on new generations of tech- 


nology and ro pursue new markets. ’* 

The best example of a company that 
picked the right executive to stop a 
tailspin, Mr. Moore says, is probably 
IBM, where Louis Gerstner Jr. was se- 
lected as chairman and chief executive 
in April 1993, replacing John Akers, 
who had left the company die previous 
January. 

In Mr. Gerstner, a former top ex- 
ecutive at RJR Nabisco Holdings Corp. 
and American Express Co., the board 
chose someone wno had not grown up 
inside IBM but instead came from the 
world of IBM's big corporate customers 
that are ultimately its greatest asset He 
was also widely respected in the broader 
corporate community. 

Once aboard, Mr. Gerstner scrapped 
plans to break IBM into several smaller 
companies. He made deep payroll curs 
and pushed an existing project to mod- 
ernize the technology in the company's 
mainframe computers, the mainstay of 
IBM’s business, and he recast IBM as a 
service company to large corporations. 

“The IBM board seemed to have some 
intuitive sense of what it would take to 
recast the company.” Mr. Moore said. 

In January 1993, when Mr. Akers left 
the company, IBM’s shares were trad- 
ing at around $25. adjusted for stock 
splits. On Friday, IBM’s shares closed 
at $104.3125, up $4.6875. 


By Floyd Norris 

Nr* York Times Scriice 

NEW YORK — During the second 
quarter of this year. Microsoft's srock 
leaped from just over $90 a share to 
$126, and by last week the price had 
moved past $150 a share. Investors 
could not get enough of it. 

Bat Greg Maffei did not buy. 

"We thought the price was a little 
high,” be said. 

Mr. Maffei is the treasurer and soon 
to be chief financial officer of Mi- 
crosoft, a company that heretofore has 
bought back some of its stock almost 
every quarter to try to avoid dilution 
from the company’s huge stock-op- 
tion program. 

But if $120 — about the price at 
which Microsoft could have bought in 


NASDAQ NATIONAL 


the quarter, given its policy of avoid- 
ing trades until after investors have 
digested the previous quarter's earn- 
ings — seemed rich to Microsoft ex- 
ecutives. it did not seem rhar way to 
Wall Street analysis, virtually all of 

INVESTING 

whom still recommend the stock. 

Why the different views? Mr. Maf- 
fri said analysts don't like to annoy 
companies by removing "buy” rec- 
ommendations, and with all the 
money pouring into stocks, they don’t 
want their firms to miss our on a fair 
share of the business. 

“But if you talk to them privately,” 
he said, “they will acknowledge it’s 
hard to understand these valuations.” 
The attitude on Microsoft, which 


even after slipping a bit Friday was 
still at $140.50. up 53 percent since 
the end of the first quarter, is hardly 

unique. . 

Intel Corp-’s stock hit a record high 
when it posted a profit last week, al- ; ; 
though it was well below what wall . 
Street had been forecasting before Intel 
toned down its expectations in May. 

That did not bother most analysts, 
who still love Intel. But it did concern * 
Drew Peck of Cowan & Co. 

-We are trimming our numbers 
again for 1997 and 1998 in recog- 
nition of slower growth and dramat- 
ically increased pricing pressure, 

Mr. Peck wrote. “We are maintaining 
a neutral racing on Intel because con- 
sensus estimates remain materially 
higher than company guidance and 
common sense would dictate.” 




! 


[n 


I* i j 

m 


'S 


INTERNET: Safe Payments SHORT COVER 

Continued from Page 13 Posco Grants Kia Reprieve on Steel 

confident that customers are Imer-Europa Bank in Hungary SEOUL (Bloomberg) — Pohang Iron & Steel Co.; the 
who they say they are. are using the SET standard to world’s largest steel maker, said Saturday it would resume its 

SET was launched in Den- offer on-line banking, and die steel supply to Kia Motors Corp- and Asia Motors Corp. after 
mark early this year, and its use Wimbledon tennis tournament a one-day suspension. 

has spread across Europe. used it to sell tickets to this The move came after Kia Group, already reeling under $10 
"SET has picked up a lot of year’s matches. Designhouse- billion of debt, said Friday it may shut down its car production 
steam in the last six months.” eurqpe in Germany is selliqg lines because of Posco’s decision to cut off supplies. The state- 
said Cliff Condon, analyst home furnishings on line us- run steelmaker supplies Kia and Asia Motors with 85 percent 
with Forrester Research, ing the standard. of their steel, or 30,000 tons a month. 


confident that customers are 
who they say they are. 


trol’s project manager, said. 

Cera Bank of Belgium and 
Imer-Europa Bank in Hungary 
are using the SET standard to 


has spread across Europe. used it to sell tickets to this 
“SET has picked upalotof year’s matches. Designhouse- 
sieam in the last six months.” eurqpe in Germany is selliqg 
said Cliff Condon, analyst home furnishings on line us- 
with Forrester Research, ing the standard, 
which tracks information IBM estimates drat $1.2 
technology. trillion will be spent in the 

Microsoft and Hewlett information-technology sec- 
Packratf Corp.. which recently tor by 2000, with about $250 
acquired VeriFone Inc., a billion of that spent on elec- 
leader in the technology al- tronic business. 
lowing payments on the In- “That is the market we are 


s picked up a lot of year’s matches. Designhouse- 
: last six months, ” eurqpe in Germany is selliqg 






ing the standard. of their steel, or 30,000 tons a month. 

trillion will be spent in the Philips Will Shed Its Media Stakes 

$250 AMSTERDAM (Renters) — Philips Electronics NV said 
bX“ofthat spemon etec- Sa^y* "Lad down its media activities but would 
rronic business leave lts p °lyGram NV stake untouched. 

“That is the market we are - S* _ B «®stra, chairman of Philips, told the Dutch daily 


lowing payments on the in- mat is me market we are KTr r^r, , — jTTT l L .tt rik.L , “ ■ . ■ ' 

remerf also have said drey are going after," Mr. Addanki NRC Handelsblad that he thought the Dutch electronics giant 
working to develop merchant Skid. “How much of that are wasiU-equ.ppedfor the fast-mowng media sector. 

servers for SET transactions, we going to get? As much as TJ^epoo n 

“We are totally convinced wean." concern PolyGram, which Mr. Boonstra is eager to expand. 


that electronic commerce is 
going to evolve quickly," 
said Jose Manuel Gabeiras, 
chief executive officer of Visa 
Spain, which is working on a 
pilot program with IBM. 

While IBM declined to re- 


While IBM declined to re- Condon said. There also is no 
lease sales figures for its SET logotype or symbol idenrify- 
project, Sanajaya Addanki, ing Internet sites as SET-se- 
general manager of network cure, and SET is not die only 
computing solutions at IBM electronic payment method 
Europe, said the company’s underdevelopment, 
order backlog for electronic- DigiCash NV. a Dutch 
business services was “about company operating in the Sil- 
S10 billion.” icon Valley in California, also 

He said most SET trans- is developing an electronic 
actions so for had been con- payments system, but one 
fined to bus mess -to-busin ess based on cash rather than cred- 
sales but that business-to-con- it Consumers can purchase 
sumer transactions were on “electronic cash" from a 
the rise. bank, downloading it to a com- 


Bonn Tells D’Amato to Back Off 

some fundamental problems. BONN (Reuters) — The Economics Ministry said Saturday 

Banks, for example, have not that h would support a German bank in a dispute with a U.S. 
figured out bow much to senator. Alfonse D’Amato, a Republican from New York, 
charge per transaction, Mr. over refusing to withdraw a loan it had granted to Iran’s 
Condon said. There also is no Offshore Engineering & Construction Co. 
logotype or symbol identify- A ministry spokeswoman said the loan was an independent 
ing Internet sites as SET-se- decision made by the Duesseldoif-based bank and dial foreign 
cure, and SET is not die oily influence would not be politically and legally acceptable, 
electronic payment method a WestLB spokesman said last week rhar the bank was not 

under development. breaching any U.S. laws because trade finance deals were not 

DigiCash NV , a Dutch covered by the 1996 Iran Libya Sanctions Acl 


Among the companies us- puter hard drive much like 
ing SET to sell on line is ABB withdrawing cash from a cash 
Control AB of Sweden, machine. The consumer can 


which makes transformers. 

“We have chosen the In- 
ternet as a new sales tool,” 
Thomas Baltzer, ABB Con- 




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DigiCash NV, a Dutch covered by the 1996 Iran Libya Sanctions Acl 
company operating in the Sil- 
icon valley in California, also Judge Disappoints Honda Dealers 

is developing an electronic " rr 

payments system, but one BALTIMORE (Bloomberg) — Honda Motor Co. dealers 
based on cash rather than cred- rouy b* denied class-action status in lawsuits charging the 
it Consumers can purchase automaker with shipping fewer cars to dealers who had 
"electronic cash" from a refused to pay kickbacks to executives, 
bank, downloading itto a com- U S- District Judge Frederick Motz said that he was leaning 

puter hard drive much like against granting the dealers class-action status, which would 
wi thdra w ing cash from a rash resolve most of the claims against Honda in one trial. 

machine. The consumer can ^ „ r . „ . „ 

then makf purchases on line • Beijing has passed new rules, to be in force in January 

until the “electronic wallet" is J 998, to by to thwart copyright theft of audiovisual products 
depleted. Internet address • and curb violent pornographic or subversive content, the 
Cvberscape@iht.com Xinhua news agencysaid. 

• Oracle Corp. Chairman Larry Ellison said his friend 
Steve Jobs would make the best chief executive for Apple 

Computer Inc. Mr. Jobs has assumed an expanded role since 
rejoining Apple as an adviser in Fe bruaiy. He is widely seen as 
having helped engineer the ouster of Gilbert Amelio as CEO 
of Apple two weeks ago. amid the personal-computer maker's 
continuing losses. Mr. Ellison, who shelved plans for buying 
*is*a « tot AHMtyor uma Apple earlier this year, was cagey when asked whether be 

EMcuMft Fern or Futures would make another bid. “Steve’s my best friend; I’U do 

SfraiSftp PtotJSi whatever I can to help him.'' he said. 

Fatum Sit-Ox p»t Ra amhTwa • Auto workers at a General Motors assembly plant in 

Detroit ended an 85-day strike late Friday, one of foe longest 
strikes in years against the automobile gianL An overwhelm- 
■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ing 93.5 percent of the 6,100 striking workers at the Pontiac 
uiSsw Eas* plaat in suburban Detroit voted to approve a contract 
a* 167T593 if «■ tttnEKoi previously negotiated with foe company management, union 
vex* ronmu* m><m naaxsi officials said. 

• Dai-Ichi Kangyo Bank Ltd. of Japan will confess to the 

Finance Ministry that officials concealed from regulators 
P^lem loans to a reputed corporate racketeer, a major 
newspaper reported Sunday. ( Bloomberg , Reuters. AFP) 




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PAGE 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


SPORTS 


No Nonsense 
For Boxing’s 
Celebrity Ref 

He Runs the Ring 
As He Runs Court - 
With an Iron Hand 


By Tom Friend 

New York Turns Sen kr 

R ENO, Nevada — He sold the 
shin. A collector from Canada, 
with a wad of bills, actually 
asked to buy his shoes first, but 
the shoes fit like slippers and. no. they 
weren’t for sale, no wav, no how. The 
shirt, though, the shirt was negotiable. 
*TU give you S200 for it," the Ca- 
nadian said, and Mills Lane, the most 
recognizable boxing referee on Earth, 
looked at his watch — T- minus one 
hour to Tyson vs. Holyfield — and said. 
“O.K.. deal." 

"Hey, man, one more thing," Lane 
added. "It ’s probably going to be a dirty 
shirt after this is all over." 

“Don't care," che Canadian said. "I 
want the blood and all." 

"O.K.." Lane said. "The blood and 
all." 

Oh well, careful what you wish for. 
Lane’s only regret is that he was never 
on his hands and knees that night, 
searching for the top of Evander Holy- 
field’s ear. 

He has never been one to break up a 
good fight but boxers all over this world 
are misbehaving, and somebody needs 
to slap them into shape. If no one else 
wants the job. Lane will take it. 

It helps that he is a former Marine, and 
that he is a district judge. 

It helps that he used to box. that he has 
no nose cartilage, that he wears a gold 
tooth and that he packs a gun in his desk 
drawer. 

It helps that he used to repossess cars 
in the middle of the night. 

It helps that he was a former district 
attorney with the nickname Maximum 
Mills. 

It helps That he swears by the death 
penalty and that he wears a gold pendant 
in the shape of a noose. 

It helps that he was still getting black 
eyes in alumni fights at the age of 47. 

He has just stopped two heavyweight 
title fights because of technicalities — 
one gruesome, the other when Henry 
Akinwande played possum — and it 
takes a certain brawn teven though he is 
merely 5-fect-7 inches and 146 pounds) 
to wave everyone our of the ring. Some 
of the most egregious acts in boxing have 
occurred on his beat — Mike Tyson’s 



Fms llm«,V4raKc r r «v.i - P w ^ 

HIT AND MISS — Prince Naseem Hamed, right, dodging a punch from Juan Cabrera of Argentina 
during a bout at Wembley Arena. Hamed successfully defended bis World Boxing Organization and 
International Boxing Federation featherweight titles, stopping Cabrera in the second round. 


biting. Oliver McCall’s whimpering. 
Fan Man’s landing his plane in the arena 
during Bowe-Holyfield II — and some- 
how he has made the instantaneous rul- 
ings that have turned him into a star. 

It is why he is thinking of retire- 
ment 

It is why he signs autographs for 45 
minutes at a time and why grown men 
want to buy the shirr off his back. 

Lane's word is gospel, and so the 
sport of boxing has some redeeming 
value after all. Usuallv, the fight crowd 
wants to kill the ref. but fans would 
rather lionize this one. 

As a child. Mills had a particular 
fondness for boxing. He had listened 
intently, on a scratchy radio, to the Joe 
Louis-BiUy Conn fight and the Louis- 
Jersey Joe Walcott bout, and in his bed- 
room. he would shadowbox for hours. 

His grandfather. Mills Lane I. was a 
banker in Georgia. His father, Reiner, 
owned a South Carolina rice plantation 
called Combahee. He wanted young 
Mills to get an agricultural degree from 
the University of Michigan and then run 
the farm. But Mills preferred the Marine 
Corps. 

While in Okinawa, he became the All- 
Far East Marine Corps boxing cham- 
pion. When he returned he told his father 
that he wanted to box at the University of 
Nevada-Reno. No, Remer said. 

Mills disobeyed, won the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association dtle in 
the 147-pound (66-kiJpgram) class in 
1960, boxed in the Olympic Trials that 
year, and then announced that he wanted 


to be a lawyer. No, Remer said. 

"Like all parents, he had his faults, 
but he was a good man, ’ ‘ Lane said of bis 
father. "Though I will say. every major 
decision I made, he disagreed with." 

He was 11-1 after 12 pro fights, re- 
tired from the sport after law school and 
ended up refereeing. Still not one to go 
along with the crowd, he began croon- 
ing. "Let’s get it on!" before every 
bout, and it stuck, just like he did. 

For adventure, he began repossessing 
cars for a loan office and his long-term 
aspirations were to become district at- 
torney and then “a kindly old judge." 

If all came to fruition — after two 
divorces — "despite my IQ,” he said. 
As the district attorney in Reno from 
1983 to 1991, he had a 100 percent 
conviction record in murder cases. 

As a Republican, he won his first race 
forjudge with 70 percent of the vote and 
then ran unopposed his second term. His 
campaign manager would write him bi- 
partisan speeches, but Lane would wad 
them up and plead for the death penalty. 

He applied to buy a gun — a gun he 
would adoringly name Dr. Colt. 

"The reason I carry a Colt and not a 
Smith & Wesson." he said, "is because 
a Smith & Wesson you only get five. A 
Colt, you get six. Dr. Colt. It goes every- 
where I go. brother. Except on the air- 
planes." The government takes a dim 
view of that. 

“Listen, I’ve been a prosecutor and a 
judge. I've got a lor of folks in the stare 
pen. Some are out Some are in. Some 
are going to get oul Well, if they come 


after me. they come after me, bur it’s 
more to protect my family, I think, at 
home. Because if somebody's going to 
do you, they’re going to pick the place 
and pick the time and they're going to do 
you. Not much you can do about it But 
I Like to know that if it comes down to it. 
and I'm aware. I've got a chance." 

Being as politically incorrect as he 
was. the Nevada bar cringed when Lane 
won his judicial election in a landslide, 
in 1991, and even he said, "If I were in 
the private bar, I don't know if I 
would’ve voted for Mills Lane." 

A lot oFhis popularity has to do with 
his boxing refereeing and he brings a bit 
of his courtroom with him to every fight. 
The buckle he wears in the ring was 
made in prison by a man he convicted of 
triple homicide. The man mailed it to 
Lane and thanked him for straightening 
out his life. 

Lane refereed his fust high-profile 
fight in 1978 — Larry Holmes vs. Ken 
Norton — but the career is winding 
down. He has officiated 97 title fights, 
and he turns 60 on Nov. 1 2. He has hinted 
that he may retire in a few months. 

It would be the end of a colorful 
career. 

When Tyson bit Holyfield’s ear the 
first time, it was Lane who instantly 
deducted 2 points. 

"You bit him in the ear," Lane said 
directly to Tyson. 

"Thai was a punch." Tyson said. 

"Bull!" Lane said — ■’ leaving the 
baddest man on Earth speechless. 

Guess there is a new baddest man. 


Corretja Wins Twice 

To Claim His 3d Title 


CnmpW bt 0nr f»M Pupun+n 

STUTTGART — Alex Corretja won 
his third clay-court title of the year 
Sunday but had to do double duty, play- 
ing his semifinal and final on the same 
day. 

Corretja, a Spaniard, beat Karol Ku- 
cera, an unseededSlovakian, 6-2, 7-5. in 
the final after letting a5- 1 lead slip in the 
second set. Corretja dropped his serve in 
the seventh and ninth games before 
breaking Kucera to win the match. 

Corretja had won at Estoril, Portugal, 

in April and the Italian Open in May. 

In the morning Corretja beat a com- 
patriot, AJbert Costa, the ninth seed. 6- 
4, 6-4 in a semifinal that had been 
postponed Saturday because of rain. 

Kucera also played his semifinal Sun- 
day. He prevented a fourth all-Spanish 
final this year on the ATP Tour with a 6- 
4, 6-3 victory over Albert Portas. 

The final, a battle of slugging 
baseliners. was reduced from the best- 
of-five sets to best-of-three. 

Afterward, Corretja used the public 
address system to serenade the crowd 
with a version of “La Baraba" after an 
invitation from the stadium announcer. 

• Michael Chang, the No. 1 seed, had 


to battle to win his semifinal against 
No 1 1 *eed Brett Stevens 6-2, 7-5 (7-4) 
in the Legg Mason Classic in Wash- 
ington on Saturday. • ■ • 

In the other match, second-seed Petr 
Korda of the Czech Republic beat an 
American, David Wheaton, 6-2 6-3. 

Chan 1 ' cruised through the first sef. 
but trailed 1-4 in the second set before 
winning three straight games. In the tie- * 
breaker. Chang took a 3-0 lead and then^ 
held his service, finishing the match ort 

with an overhead smash, 

"Being pushed was good tor me, * 
Chang said. "I had to hit a lot of bal& 

and tint's always good. ” ... 

• Monica Seles, suffering from back 
spasms through most of the match, quit 
in the second set of the semifinals of me 
A&P Classic in New Jersey on Saturday; 
allowing Chanda Rubin to advance to 
the finals on a 3-6. 3-2 victory. - ■ 

Rubin, ranked 29, will play 16-year- 
oid Anna Kouraikova of Russia in the 
championship match. Kournikova beat 
Maeeie Maleeva of Bulgaria. 6-4 6-L 
on Saturday. 

Seles received massages to her mio-. 
back on three visits to courtside by the 
tournament trainer. (Reuters, AFP, AP-) 


Victory Again Eludes Springboks 


p 


C> mptlni tn- Our SutfFr in Duyjrrfe ' 

JOHANNESBURG — Yet again. 
South Africa fell agonizingly short in a 
home test match. ■ 

Last month, the Springboks domi- 
nated the first two tests against the Brit- 
ish Lions but lost both. On Saturday, 
they lost their opening game against 
New Zealand's All Blacks in the Tri- 
narions tournament, 35-32, when Jannie 
de Beer hit the post with a penalty in the 
dying moments. 

De Beer, whose kicking kept the 
Springboks in the match in the second 
half, dropped two goals, kicked four 
penalties and converted the Springboks' 
two tries. 

Naka Drotske and Russell Bennett 
had scored the tries as South Africa took 
a 23-7 lead after 30 minutes, bnt ihe All 
Blacks, showing more invention in at- 
tack. rallied and scored four tries. Frank 
Bunce scored two and Jeff Wilson and 
Carlos Spencer one each. 

wsatM 28 , Canada 2 S In Toronto. 
Leigh Davies dived over for a try nine 
minutes from the end of regulation time, 
and Arwel Thomas convened after 
Mike Schmid had scored his second try 
to give the home team a 25-21 
lead. (AFP. Reuters, 



Tana L’maga of the AH Blacks \ 
left, try ing to escape James Small. 


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Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


AMWCAM LIAOUI 


Detroit 002 201 000—5 8 1 

Ten 020 010 100-4 11 0 

Blair. BroaiU (71. M. Myers iB). Tojones 
(81 and Casanova Witt Gunderson ( 6 ). 
Patterson 18 ) and I. Rodriguez. W— Biair, 8-4. 
L— Win, 10-5. Sv— To.Jones 1151. 



EAST DIVISION 



HR— Terns. Palmer (127- 


W 

L 

Pci. 

OB 

Toronto 001 000 100-2 4 0 

Baltimore 

58 

36 

■617 



Anaheim 000 Ml 000—1 7 1 

New York 

55 

40 

ST) 

3*. 

tV.Wtmams. Spoflmtc 171, Escabar (9J and 

Toronto 

45 

48 

Mi 

I 2 W 

B. Santloga- Wohoa p. Harris (91 and 

Detroit 

45 

50 

Alt 

13': 

Kmrter. W— W vWJkims. 5-8. L-Wahoa B- 

Boston 

44 

52 

458 

15 

6 . Sv— Escobar (21. HRs— Toronto. B 


central division 



Santiago (4). A. Gonzalez (Bl. 

Owtand 

50 

40 

.556 



KmsasCjtr 100 200 0)0-4 9 1 

Chicago 

48 

47 

505 

4'. 

Seattle 200 300 Ota-5 7 1 

Milwaukee 

44 

48 

478 

7 

Bones. Casian (OJ. Olson (71 and 

f.linnesoto 

43 

52 

453 

9’y 

Ml-Sweener. RnJohnsgn ond Da.Wteon 

Kansas City 

38 

54 

413 

13 

w— Ro Johns oa 13-2. 1 -Bones 0-2. 


WESTDmStON 



HR-Konsas City. Halier fli. 

Seattle 

54 

43 

37 



Minnesota 002 103 Ml-7 14 1 

Anaheim 

53 

43 

32 


Oofetofld MO 100 011—3 8 0 

Twos 

46 

49 

484 

7 ' 

Hawkins. Guordodo (9' and SSjinbath; 

Oakland 

40 

99 

404 

15 

v/oidcchawsld. 0. iodman ( 6 ). Haughl (71 


NATIONAL UAOUE 

EAST DIVISION 



Vf 

L 

Pet. 

Attonta 

62 

3 

A35 

Florida 

56 

39 

589 

New York 

54 

42 

563 

/Aontreo) 

51 

44 

537 

Pniladelphia 

28 

66 

J98 

CENTRAL DfVISXON 


Houston 

50 

48 

510 

Pillsburoh 

48 

48 

500 

St. Lords 

47 

49 

.490 

Ctr.annati 

42 

S3 

Aft 

Chiccga 

41 

56 

423 


WEST IKVlSJON 


San Francisco 

5S 

43 

557 

Los Angctas 

51 

46 

526 

San Dmgo 

45 

52 

4>S 

CncTcds 

44 

54 

447 


OB 


10 

37. 


t, . 

e 


10 

FRIDAY'S UNKSCORES 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 

Boston 100 202 011-7 14 1 

OevelaM 000 000 000-0 6 0 

Wakefield and Hottetowg: Cckwv Jscotnc 
(71. Plunk 19} and S Alomar. iV— A'akeffeld 
4-1 CL L— Colon. 2-3. HRs — B aster. HnrtHrenj 
(71. Five £2J. 

Chicago 000 000 111—3 10 1 

BaRiaMce 000 000 000-0 3 0 

Baldwin T. Castillo (8i. R Hernandez ■*; 
and Fobregoi Mussina Ra.V.ycrs :9t and 
Hites. IV— Beldam. 7-9 L— Mussina l(VJ 
Sv— R. Herncndez IW! HR — Chicago Bel* 
( 21 \ 

Hew Yurt 200 000 110—4 10 1 

MHWOUSM 100 040 101-4 11 1 

Caodea KaRogers (Si and Posada- 

DAmico, YAckman (71. Villtwe IT:. Fetters 
(3! and Levis. Motimiy (fli iV — DArm; 0.8-4. 
L— Centers 3-3. Sv— Fetters 111. HRs— New 
York, DNeCl (121, Curtis i7). .V.O.uaukoc. 
Vcigl (41, Onto 171, Bums hji. 


and Moyne. W— Hmvk ms. 2-5. 
L— W^dechowshi 0-2. HRs-Oaklond. 
Stairs (171. Bn»«s (W. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

Sen Diego (KM 100 000-5 9 0 

Florida 090 100 079-3 11 d 

PSnnm. Cunnwie (*), Brvske ;8i. 
7 1 . Wooed (9) ond Romero: A.Fomandci. 
Helling Id). mcxnom \$>. Hutton |8J. F. 
hetedn 19) and C Johnson V/— P Smith, 3- 
I L— A. Fernandez, IQ-8. S»— TUVonrii (31. 
HRs— Son Diego. RonH-ro ill. Florida, 
fienteng 2 (3). Eisenreroh Cl 
Houston 000 110 000-2 I 1 

Montreal MO CM 000-0 4 0 

RGortia B ‘.Vagner i?i and Aesnwc 
P J Martinez, i* Valdes '.B,. Telford i9- ond 
Fletcher W— R Ccrtra 4-7. l-P 
JJWorhncz. 11-5. Sv— B. Wegner '16- 
SonFrniKMCT OtQ 000 211-5 II ( 

St. UMJis W 010 0ta~4 7 1 

E Sics, Poole 16). T cr/orci iBi ono V . V.'iikm*. 
St a ttt c nme. Seuron £?), 7. JJlSaBmwc :Bi, 
Eckerslcv 19) ond LBaipYm. W— Stonicmvrc. 

■Lo. I Estes. 12-4. S«— Eckce.icr (22> 

HRs— San Franctszo. 0. Homiiian .3. 
Mueller :31. ST Look. Gant 1 151 
Los Angttas 000 000 100-1 7 I 

Atlanta 020 010 1ta-4 9 0 

D Revet. Guthrie i7i and Piazza fi Might 
WaMero C»1 ond Edd Perm Vi— Hew*?. 13 
7. L — D Pcyts. M. Sv— Wchfor i;mi 
HR s— -Lot- Angeles, Mondesi (19. Atlanta. 
McGflHitfl. A. Jonei (SI. 

Pittsburgh 310 ooo Mo-* n I 
PModefttfa 000 008 00i-B ? 1 
utter. ChrHUtmson to- Pinson P. 
Wagner (71. Sodowsfcy fB! and lenoall 
M. Later. SprodTm (71, Battolrre Uji and 
Lieberthal. 17— 61 Lei let 5-10 L — Lp-Iki. 6- 
9 Sv— BottQfcCD '16) HR— Pittihuiqh. 
K.Voung (13). 


CiDdnati Oil 001 000-3 S 3 

New York 004 000 Ota— 4 5 0 

Morgan. Remllnger (4), Sulltvon (SI ond 
Taubunsee, J. Oliver (7Js B-J Jones, 
Crawford i3). Acevedo |7i, Jo-Fronco <B1 and 
Hundley- W— Crawford. M L— Morgan. 3-7. 
Sv— Ja.Frortco (241. HR— Cincinnati. 
Taubensec (71. 

SATURDAY'S UNESCO*!* 
AMERICAN LEAGUE 

Boston 103 000 Oil-* • l 

Cleveland 000 010 020-3 9 0 

Support Mahay (7). Corsi (71. Sbcumb (91 
and Stanley, Hatfeberg (91: Te.Claik. Mor- 
mon (Bl. Weathers (81. Mesa Oi and Bor- 
ders VU— Suppan, 4 0 L— Te Oort. o-i. Sv- 
— Stocurob (T4i. HRs— B . Jn Valentin 2 19). 
Chicago 1D0 TOO 009—3 9 1 

Baltimara 003 002 03x-8 9 0 

Drabck, Sonas (6). T. CastWo (71. Korthner 
(81, C, Castillo (81 and Fabregos 
KomicnfcckL Rhodes (61. Mills C7I, Orosco 
(71. A.Bcnrter (81 ond Webster. Hones (4). 
W— Rhodes. 7-2 L— Simas. 3-1. Sv— A. 
Bemtcz (71. HRs — Baltimore. R Paknoeo 
(IBi, Hammonds (165. Hailes i9|. 

Minnesota 000 021 400-7 II 1 

OaMond 010 200 30G-* 12 1 

D-Stevens. SKindcd (51. Trombrov iJi. 

F r. Rodrigue! < ?! - Guardado (8). Aankfo (9i 
and G Unis Rluby. Wenqcrt (**. Groom (7), 
A Small (7i. Taylor io> and Moyne. 
taWMsH i9j W— BwhideU. 5 2. 
L-Wengert *9 Sv-Aquih-ra rim 
HRs— Oakland Giambi il?i. Console il g ’ 
New York 20J 101 070-8 14 0 

Milwaukee 000 ooo 000-0 3 2 

O.Wclis and Grant. I M»ic*de*. 
Adamson i5t. A Reyes i8) and Matheiry. 
Stmneft |9i W— D. Wells. '0-4 L-J. 
(/■wr.Pdes. 3-:- HP — Nns tori. P. K.r’lln • 1 1 
Detroll 010 030 110— « 10 0 

Tews 300 000 700—5 9 0 

Dish man. lltm f *i. M Myer. rCi. Bro-:nil 
(7), To Jones .•»' and IValbetJ. V. Hill 
Vasbetri »7i. X Hcmande; i7>. f.und'-nau 
iB'. WctWnnd |R» anri I Rutfiwiaes 
■V— BrocalL 7-4. L— X. Henwnrti-r 0-J. 
5v— To.Joni^ i lm 

Kansas City 000 900 054-9 10 a 

Seattle 002 211 000-* II 0 

Ruscls f.VPircj i*l. Coitoslu (7i. J. 
r.'jjnfrjonicnt >3i ana MiSwmmn. VMcan. 
Olivaros ,11'. Charttnn ifi-. Ayala <ni and 
Da Wilson «j— I. Mantnomery I ? 

L— -vaia 6-4 MRs— hjmso-- Cirv 

T.Goait&in J Bed >141 Soarlh'. A 
Rodnqucz 1 1 J*. Buhner t?5i 

Tetrato 039 100 000—1 B 0 

Anaheim ooo 301 001-5 4 1 

Penan. Guantnli '61. Plc-sac (7i. Timlin i9i 
ond 8 Sontiano: Dkksan. Holt! l7l. Gross 
(91. Do -May Percival i9i and Lrynl,-. 

W-Pcrowa 4-4 L— rendu 2-7 

HRs— Torante S Gram dll. A Ganiatal >9] 
Anantfm. SoJmen (17l. Lcyft dll. 


NATIONAL LEAGUE 

ChunlcM 

38 

43 

0 

569 

12 

□riCjorrti 02B MO Ml— 3 7 0 

K*w York 0M 020 03»-d 5 0 

Yomiuri 

34 4* 0 

PACIFIC LUOUC 

A 25 

15’. 

Sctiourek. Tomka (6) and J. Olivet; R.Rec A 


W 

L 

T 

Pd 

GB 

McMrohoel (9) and Proti. W-P. Reed. 7-4. 

Orb 

42 

31 

2 

573 



L— Tomka 5-3. Sir— McMictioel (51. HRs— 

Seibu 

44 

33 

2 

570 

— 

C*W. Greene (15).N.Y.G«key(l0l.R Reed (1). 

Daiei 

42 

38 

a 

525 

3'6 

Pittsburgh OM 532 012-13 17 0 

Nippon Ham 

39 

41 

l 

482 

7 

Philadelphia 0M 030 000-3 12 2 

Kintalsu 

34 

44 

i 

■437 

TO’* 

Cooke. M. Wilkins (7). Lobelte i0) and 

Loire 

3( 

44 

2 

516 

12 


Kendalb T .Green. RuHcom (51. R. Norris (71. 
Brower (81. Gomes (9) ond Parent 

W— Cooke. B9. L— T. Grcau 0-1. 
HR— Pittsb'jrgli Sveum (7). 

Coloradp BOO 000 00<M> 4 0 

Chicago 000 124 Ota— 7 II 0 

Ftiwgome^ Jm Wnght Dipou (*i. McCuiry 
(81 and Manwaring; Trochsel Wendell iB’- 
ond Houston. W— Tracriset 5-7. 
L— Jm.Wright. 4-6 

Los Angelos 010 306 000-4 B 0 

ADanta 000 010 000-1 4 0 

Ashioa Radinsky (fli and Piazza 
Mtftwood. Cottier i*». CFo» (71. Embrce (91 
ond SdcTO W— AsIochj. 6-7. L— NWloood. 1- 
I Sv— Radinsky 111. HR— A- Graffemna (31 
Co tarodo 030 201 000-5 13 2 

Chicago 000 040 1U-* 8 0 

F CaslUta Leskanic i51. CMpoia (7l, S R«d 
17), McCurry (81, MjL'unoz (8) and Je ReedL- 
Tetcmoca. BoltenTieta (4i. R Tatis (6‘.. 
TJldoms (6L Patterson (81. Wendell ;6i. 
Rojos (91 and Strvnis. W— WcndeP. 3-5. 
L — McCurry, 1 -3 Sn— Roms (11! 

Son Oleg* 000 8W 050— 5 5 Z 

Florida 402 001 10*— 8 12 1 

Dn JOtKvm. Bachtlrr (Ji. Bergman 
Cmuiane (8> ond Fiahcrrv. L H amende:. F 
Hisvdto (»L Por.-eM OP, Mroi i9) ond 
■'.John- .oil ’.V— L Hrmandt:. i-0 L — 
Dn lod-.w. JJI HR-.— F.C Johnson ? i S-. 
Houston 001 120 302-8 14 I 

Montreal 300 000 111—* 8 I 

R'-ynold-. limu i*i T :Aanm P. 
Spnwjrr f)). B iOnqiw i9l and Ausmus. 
lud-a Ti-Hurd H O V<-ros '81 Coal '«■. 
DeHart M and V/uJoei Reynolds. S-n 
L— Juaea il 3 V»— B .vannerdti. 

San Francisco 010 ooo 011—7 13 1 

SI. Louis 010 101 23s— 8 il l 

Roup. Tnwh-z >41, R. p odrujua (■'. D 
Hr-nry !B' curd BcnyhiH- PHVovsrt. Bnllror 
55!. rossas (7j, Fiascotorc 185. E OcrPe, ■ >i 
oixl LampUir W— Frascatoro. J-J L — 0 
Henry. 7-4. Sv— Echonkf '21:. HRs— SI. 
Lni'is. Gant (14/. Plantier i2! 

Japanese Leagues 

CiMTRAL 11AOUI 



W 

L 

T 

Pci 

GB 

Vakutt 

49 

20 

1 

619 



Htro-Zilmn 

JO 

36 

J 

526 

T . 

Yokohama 

37 

37 

0 

487 

10 . 

Hnrr.hin 

J T 

JI 

1 

475 

H . 



S4rUtOAT'S RESULTS 
CENTRAL LEAGUE 
Yakut! S. Yomiurl 3 
Yokohama & Hiroshima 3 
ChunWu A HonshinO 

PACIFIC LEAGUE 
Seibu 4. Kintetsu 2 
Oru 4 Nippon Ham 1 
Lotte S, Daiei 1 

SUNDAY'S RESULTS 
COfTRAL LEAGUE 
Yamiun 7, Yakut! 4 
Hhastatna 2. Yokoname 1 
Hanshin t Chumehi 2 

PACIFIC LEAGUE 
On* 14. Nippon Ham 4 
Kintetsu S Seibu J 
Lntle L Do«i 5. 10 inmnas 


AUSTRALIA TOUR 
UIDOLESCF VS AUSTRALI* 

S-OAV NATCH. 3D DAT 
SUNDAY IN LONDON. ENOLANS 

Uddno: luS on out 
AvshOL? Av.trcUa 251-4 

Asia Cup 

INDIA VS. PAKISTAN 

■JUNE A* INCOLOU9C Sta LANKA 
FSkiSIBR. ?C-j 

r.'.atch LeV.ecn InAa 3rd P:K:s!ar. iai fs,- 
icrtoJf dueto ciizr linhf otter eei<ie> .idsm-pror 
by rant ll te roaicyetf on .V-cn^arla dtiire 

••1:3 meets Sr. Lento m 'ir.oi w jm, 76 


RUGBY UNION 


TR|. HATTONS 

SATURDAY, in JOHAHNES80URG 
Soutri A'-.-ij 22. ?(«•.’. Zeeland 25 
WALES TOUR 
test Haro* 

Canada 25 Wales 25 


MERCEDES Ct/je 

IN STUTTGART. GEM* ANY 
CUARTERFL-1ALS 

Karol Kucera. Slo.aVia. dr* Brue jem 

■41. Seen, i i:-«. T 5 

Albert Scrt-s. Spair. de» Feta .’.’.eiY-iie, 

Span 6-2, 4-4 

SCuir INALS 

A»i Czrrrt.c '3 . Spst cel Ai 3 r.ffCct« 3 
rSteniMM 
Kucera del. Pastas 6. j. 6-3. 

FINAL 

Canelicdct. K{io.*fS4.2. r.j 

UOO OAASOH CLASSIC 

W WASHINGTON DC 

DUARTCRFItlALS 

finrftSicvenil I i.NZeal dirt Aunt’S;!-.? 
Icr. Gcr. 6-1 6-3 . Parr Kama .7 Czech, ce 1 
Thomas Hess iro. Gcr. 6-7 3 ’. 4-i i i 
Dcvd VVItaBtan. u^. def. vine-.- Scad^ 
'Wi. Uj. 6-1 4-t 6-1 V. char I Chcmj i{... 
UJ.def 5czCDr;etr:~. , r Z. 6-3. 

SEMIFINALS 
Karjo de* ARm m 4-i *-3 
Ctrongde* . 

PALERMO cup 
■N»ALERMC. iTALT 

Quarterfinal 

Elena iMsisnrrx Pain de*. Form; 
(ft. Italy. ‘-5. 7-4 (7 j;. 

Barbara 5^c1 J; Aastsc cei. vn^iss 
Ruono-Pcscucl i:. Sect. 6-1 5-7. 1 - 1 t.Ji, 
Earaa.-a Pau'us. Austr.o. dot lac* Gc?- 
rotmroqui Areenrma. 24. 6-16-2. 

Ssnflr.ne “mrua ij;, Cr. de!. Erwrani>Ml^ 
Gaataro, s.v:!l. 5-7. (13-1S, 4-1 41 
GEWFatALS 

Tcstud set. ichenfr*. frl 7-6 
Maatie def. Panics 6-4 7-5. 

UNAL 

Tom gel 7/ok»s«D7-&-fr4 

CMOfOPm 

W PRAGUE. CZECH REPUBLIC 
SEUff INALS 

« snort iVcrrjr- Austria dn*. Coraima 

Cristea RT-ira**-i £-2 6-*. 

JMKTteKrow. SautnAf/iQSdef-yfcrtm*" 
‘Aortmek. G*»nrsny 7-5. f-i. 

FINAL 

Kroger d*rt Varoevai i * I 


TRANSITIONS 


BASEBALL 

AMERICAN LEAGUE , 

Seattle -T raded RHP Scott Sander* 
RHP Dean Crow and 3B Carlos vi link) bos hr 
Detroit Tigere tor RHP Omar Olivares and 
RHP Felipe Lira. Recalled RHP Edwin Hur- 
tado from Tacoma, PCL Sent RHP JaskK 
Manzanillo outnght to Tacoma -■ 

NATIONAL LEAGUE W 

Florida— T raded RHP Pat Rapp to Sarf 
Francisco Giants for RHP Brandon Loose 
and RHP Bobby Rector. Recoiled R HP Lr 
vian Hernaridcj ham Charlctte. IL 5enl OF 
CWt Flovo 1o Chariotle. 

BASKETBALL 

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION 

charlotte— N amed Paul SDas assistonr 
coocit * 

orlamdo— R e-signed F Dern Srrong la I- 
veer comma 

sacraaientd— R e-signed C Kevin Sol- 
vodort 

FOOTBALL 

NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE 
INDIANAPOLIS— Waived MR ttOK SlaO. 
Pe-signed FB CMGrace. 

kansas errr— Aarocd la terms ar'lti MR 
ChfisPctmoni year contract- Signed PB JJ. 
Smith to 2-yrar contracl 
Minnesota— S igned LB Osrayne Rudd ta 
z-rear aeni 

new ENGLAND— Signed C3 Chrb Corn ta 
4-v>'or nrnirect 

new orlea ns- 5 igned G Cfiro rtoealc to 5- 
yrrarcantmd. igrcedtoleimsadtiDSJorcd _ 
Tomich and S Pob Kelly to 3-yem contracts v" 
?nr1 PK Dau>; Brian nn I -year contract. Ter- 
mlrcri.ci csr, tract oi OT Willie Brooqtitcn 
.'JCizcdG Daiien Riwmi. PulTE Paul Groan. 

C- .ViLy jcic:(i t Fane. Hilta and R3 Ray 
Zeaars un phimzan, unable to perform Itsf. 
Rcltowd S Lee Harvey. 

hen tor k giants— S igned MR Ike Hilliard 
torn- year contract and S Maurice Dougtosv 
,'iP ANun-o Bioumnq ond LB Toad Lwfl. 
.■-aupd-foitad piiysicnt LB Ben Talley. Put 
DL Jamal DuH an physinrilv-unable m per 
form-active tot Put WVR Boon Roberson on 
iniuitd reserve, 

NEW YORK JETS— SKjncd WR-KR OeWS 
•Yard. DE Terry Day. RB Leon Johnson. LB 
Tim Schorl QB Chuck Clements ana P V-anty 
Key iVoined P Chris Macinnii. 

OAKLAND— Re-uqned RB Demt* Fenner, 
Philadelphia— S igned IVR 3AoiV Seay 
and WP Alan Alien Arniouncttl retirement al 

yjr '.'.lie Cstaaitii RetoBsed wr Stew 
Phem 

Pittsburgh— A greed to lerms »ilh LB la* 
son Giidon 

san bl ego- S igned C- Pan Le.-ris. 
SANF8ANCJSCO- Signed DT SroveEmtmart 
la i -year controci ond DL Junmr Bryant ono 
?E Greg Ctort to J-yoor contrwJs. Signed T 
AndreJi ..‘aeic, 

sr. uvis-Scmed S Ron Carpentar. 
tampa bay— S igned T jewy WuMctand » 
J-rwi cartraa end CB RwOe Bort«. L3 
Aislvimana Sinqleton and TE Patrick H 0 (K- ■ 
ii j-rwironinicis Signed CB AntlioiivPotV^f 
^tossed TE Trar, 1 Grcwd WR Shoslon ■ 
Cffemnn ana CB Ftayd Young. R M (grHHl R€L 
J'-ir» E Wir-an and S Tony Boule to 1 -yew eon- 
fracto 

Tennessee— S igned DE Kenny Howies to 

n jH'YcardtflL 

HOCXFY 

NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE 
anakeim— S igned Don Hay assistant 
Uflch W 3-yoot cantruci. 

BOSTON-Signed F Antli Uxdewnen to 2- 
yearcBtitrad 

balsas— S igned (,4V SaD Errey ft 3-ycar 
eomraci De-slaned □ Dorryt Sydor ond PW 
Petal C*uns to ]-y«jr eentraos. 

EDMONTON-- Tn«jp»! ‘.V Vlodurur unpekto 
Tampo Bey L-gWnina larRW Bramtmynres 
end constionrt draft thwco. 

Florida- S tarted F oieg KksIu. 
ifis angeles— S igned C OU JoktoWlo 3 ; 
vi-sr cant ract Signed q AAguk V^fwoa to 2* 
year conhocr. 

Htw YORK ftANGERVrtJ.qreed totem vdto 
DSv*t Finley 

kont seal— A greed :o ter ins arHh G RnSy 
'•to ?5 cn ran tract. 

GTiAWA-Signed c Ctoyian Beddocs'ft J 
ywr contract. ” 

Phoenix —S igned D Richard Untner 10 3- 
jcarcontruri. ’. 

Philadelphia — S igned D Travis 

dcnTigh em ana RW Bren Bnrtniwoft t-ycf 
rcfriUKiL , ■ 

ST. yiuiS -Agreed to leran with G Rte" 
Paron:. S-gnca D Chris (AcAlpm, O Toft 
V-rt^t god D Terr/ HgUnga. 

san JOSE-Signed C Marta Sturm «ml c 
Alv, KcrotiuL Re-skuied C Ron Strttof 
tampa bay— S inned O Yws Racine 










•c r< - : -i tir. ' ‘ -o-.,, 

, ._ *V 


fr.: hr- 

«f?L V 




'in,; . 


A'*uj ii; ■ r.,. ('• < 

Vr . 

OLaz'-':i m ' 
atr ^ 
irjjin.: :r.: c . * 

£ il “ 

& 0-.V* : -V. : : 

"Be .-- 

•Mor.v.: 

:hr.'_ ■■ -- 

4 liter -> .. 

.iSLPO >■•..:•.• 
£*5.* C:".:r ‘l \ 

M^'r- - 


•1r. ; 


r 1 lrt|r?- 

■_ L V 


Royals’ 9 -Run Rally 
Scuttles the Mariners 

Rare Road Victory for Kansas City 




V-*. 

1 




The Associated Press 

■ The Kansas Ciiy Royals ended foeir 
12-game losing streak on the road in 
Seattle, rallying for five runs in the 
eighth inning and four more in the ninth 
’ 7:l ~ ■: ‘i * ^’^against the Mariners * struggling bullpen 
- r "V/Tor a 9-6 victory. 

The Royals completed their 
comeback Saturday night from a 6-0 
deficit when Jeff King hit a lying sacri- 


•:i L 
''I-'' 

tr 4 .j 


’»] »Vr. 


Baseball Roundup 


:ni>; 












fc Sininglot 



... • V: 

rtu i nsjj 
L tnny 1 


fice fly in the ninth, Craig Paquette fol- 
lowed with a single thai scored a run, and 
Shane Halter had a two-run double. 

Bobby Ayala (6-4) was the loser, 
pitching the ninth and absorbing the Mar- 
iners’ 14th blown save of the season. The 
Royals' win was only their second in 
their last 1 S games. Omar Olivares, in his 
Mariners debut, and Norm Charlton also 
failed to hold a lead Seattle had built 
behind Bob Wolcott 
Jeff Montgomery < 1-3) pitched two 
perfect innings for the victory. 
j The Royals trailed 6-5 when Tom 
-Goodwin and Jay Bell singled with one 
our in the ninth. Chili Davis walked to load 
the bases before King’s fly ball tied it. 

• Wolcott took a two-hirter and 6-0 lead 
into the eighth but left with one out after 
Goodwin hit an inside-the-park home 
run and Bell followed with a homer. 

• Olivares, acquired U day earlier in a 
trade with Detroit, relieved Wolcott and 
walked the only two batters he faced. 

Charlton took over, with his 7.89 
eamed-run average, and Paquette met 
him with a two-run, pinch-hit double. 
Then Mike Sweeney nit an -single with 
rwo outs, scoring a run. Ayala struck out 
vy * - ■' ' ~V." David Howard to end the inning. 

■j 'i; *\ AJex Rodriguez hit a two-run homer, 

1 his 1 4th. for the Mariners in the third 
"l; -j, inning off GlendonRusch. Jay Buhner hit 
" ms 25th home run in the fifth, and 

Rodriguez singled home a ran in die 
^ sixth. 

■' Rod Sox 6, imfians a In Cleveland, John 
Valentin hit two bases -empty homers 
and Wilfredo Cordero had a three-run 
double as Boston beat Cleveland. 

> A day after knuckleballer Tim Wake- 
field fluttered his way to a six-hit - 
shutout of the Indians, Jeff Suppan (4-0) 
shut them down with a more conven- 
tional arsenal, allowing one run and five 
hits in six innings. 

Terry Clark, making his second start of 
the season, allowed four runs and six hits 
in seven innings. Clark, who has pitched 
portions of 19 seasons in the minors, 
walked two and struck out five in his 


•IJl: 


longest major-league outing since 1988. 

Orioles 8, White Sox 3 Chris Hoiles 
entered the game as an emergency re- 
placement and hit a tie-breaking homer in 
the sixth inning as Baltimore, playing at 
home, ended a three-game losing streak. 

Rafael Palmeiro and Jeffrey Ham- 
monds also homered for the Orioles, who 
won for just the third time in 12 games. 

Dave Martinez had three singles and 
three stolen bases for the White Sox. 
who have lost five of six. 

Twins 7, Athletic* 6 Pinch hitter 
Roberto Kelly’s mn-batted-in single 
and a two-run double by Paul MoLitor 
highlighted visiting Minnesota’s four- 
run seventh. 

Jose Canseco hit a three-run homer, 
his 19th, in the bottom of the inning as 
the host A’s closed Co 7-6. 

Tied 3-3, the Twins loaded the bases 
in the seventh with three consecutive 
singles off Don Wengert (4-9). Kelly’s 
base hit off Buddy Groom made it 4-3, 
and Moliror followed with a double off 
Aaron Small to give the Twins a three- 
run lead. 

Canseco brought the A’s within a run 
in the bottom of the inning with his 470- 
foot shot off Francisco Rodriguez. The 
homer was the longest at Oakland Coli- 
seum since the A’s began measuring 
every home ran in 1992. 

Yankees 0 , Brewers o David Wells 
pitched a three-hitter for his 100th ca- 
reer victory, and Paul O'Neill had four 
hits and drove in four runs; leading New 
York over host Milwaukee. 

Wells (10-4) pitched his secoud ca- 
reer shutout, born of them against the 
Brewers. He walked none and struck out 
four. 

O’Neill went 4~for-5 and Pat Kelly 
homered for the Yankees. Scott Pose 
had three of New York's 14 hits. 

Tigers 6, Rangers 5 Brian Hunter 
singled home the go-ahead run in the 
eighth inning as Detroit defeated Texas, 
the host Rangers’ fifth loss in six 
games. 

Angels 5, Blue Jays 4 In Anaheim, 
California, Tony Phillips singled home 
the winning run with two out in the ninth 
inning as the Angels beat Toronto for 
their 1 1th victory in 12 games. 

Luis Alicea drew a one-out walk from 
Mike T imlin (2-2) and stole his career- 
high 13th base with two out Phillip 
followed with a single, and Alicea slid 
home well ahead of left fielder Joe 
Carter’s throw. 

Hots 5, R»ds 3 Bernard Gilkey’s 
three-run bomer broke a tie in the eighth 
inning and gave New York a victoiy 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 

SPORTS 


PAGE 19 



Vuurnl LahnW/ VprtKr Frmrr-lVMr 


The Rockies’ Larry Walker watching his bunt go foul against Chicago. 


A Needless Switch Puts 
Ripken’s Streak at Risk 


By Thomas Boswell 


over visiting Cincinnati. Rick Reed (7- 
4) hit his first major-league home run in 
the fifth, a game-tying tworrun shot and 
pitched eight innings. 

The right-hander allowed six hits and 
matched his season high with seven 
strikeouts. 

Pirates 13, Phaiies 3 In Philadelphia, 
Dale Sveum homered and drove in three 
runs, and Pittsburgh used a season-high 
17-hit attack to snap a three-game losing 
streak. • 

The first seven hitters in Pittsburgh 's 
lineup each had at Least two hits, and 
Kevin Young added three RBIs. 

Dodgers 4, Braves 1 Pedro AstOClO 
allowed three hits in Th innings for his 
firsr career victory over host Atlanta. 

Astario (6-7) was 0-9 with a 4.55 
ERA in 11 previous appearances — 
nine starts — against the Braves. 

Kevin Millwood (1-1) lost his first 
major-league start, allowing four runs 
and seven hits in five innings. 

Cardinals 8, Giants 7 In St. Louis, Ron 
Gant hit a three-run homer in the eighth 
inning, rallying the Cardinals over San 
Francisco. 

The Giants scored once in the ninth 
off Dennis Eckersley but lost for the 
seventh time in 10 games since the All- 
Star break. Eckersley held on for his 
23rd save, preserving .the victory for 
John Frascatore (4-2). 

Martins a, Padres 5 In Miami, Charles 


Johnson hit two home runs and rookie 
Livan Hernandez allowed one hit in six 
innings to help Florida beat San Diego. 

Florida led 4-0 before Danny Jackson 
(2-8) rerired a batter, and the margin was 
8-0 after seven inning s. 

Johnson hit a two-run homer in the 
third and added a solo homer in the 
seventh, giving him nine fra the season. 

Astros 8, Expos 6 Jeff Bagwell and 
Tim Bogar homered and Houston stole 
seven bases in holding off Montreal to 
win for the ninth time in 12 games. 

The Expos got one ran in the ninth 
innin g and had the bases loaded with 
one out but did not score again against 
Billy Wagner, who got his 17th save. 

The Astros' seven steals gave them a 
tie for the one-game record in die majors 
this season and were one short of the team 
record set in 1990. 

Cubs 7, Rockies 0; Cubs 6, Rockies 5 

In Chicago, Mark Grace hit a tie-break- 
ing sacrifice fly in the eighth inning as 
Chicago completed a doubleheader 
sweep and sent the Rockies to their 
eighth straight loss. 

The Cubs won the opener as Steve 
Trachsel (5-7) pitched seven shutout 
innings. 

In the second game, the Cubs pushed 
across the go-ahead run with the aid of a 
throwing error by first baseman Andres 
Galarraga. The loss was the Rockies’ 
15th in 16 games. 


Washington Past Service 

The end of The Streak is arriving. If 
yon put your ear to the infield dirt, you 
can hear it coming. Slowly, inexorably, 
one year at third base is doing to Cal 
Ripken what 15 years at shortstop 
couldn't. It’s wearing him down. 

The Orioles’ manager, Davey John- 
son, removed Ripken from the game 


Vantaoe Point 


Tuesday night after Johnson asked him, 
“Is your back hurting you?’.’ and Rip- 
ken replied, “A little bit” 

Johnson said, * ‘When your back is in 
spasm, that's the most debilitating thing 
you can have.” 

He added: “The first four innings, he 
looked like he needed back surgery. But 
toward the end, he loosened up. I 
figured he had had enough,” 

If you've played in 2,408 games in a 
row but your manager thinks you look 
like you ‘ ' need back surgery,” what are 
your chances odds of reaching 2,500? 

Ripken said two days later that his 
recent back spasms were not related to 
playing third base. He said it was a 
recurrence of a nagging career-long 
problem that flares up a few times every 
season. This season, at third, the de- 
mands fra a deeper crouch and more 
reckless head-first dives after hand 
smashes have been shaking up the old 
Ripken spine. 

“Shortstop, to me, was not demand- 
ing physically," Ripken said. “To me, 
third base is very demanding physic- 
ally.” 

Most likely, he has made his peace 
with playing third base, including the 
increased pain, and he is trying stoically 
to avoid controversy: The switch is a 
done deal, so live with it. 

But it didn't have to be this way. 

Ripken willbe 37 next month. Neither 
his streak nor the latter stages of his 
career should be harder than they have to 
be. He deserves better. He has earned 
more. However, the Orioles had to fix 
something last year that was not broken. 
In the process, it’s Ripken's back that 
sometimes feels like it's cracking. 

Last season, Ripken was an above- 
average defensive shortstop. This year, 
in all probability, he would have been 
above-average again. And next year, 
too. 

But the members of the Orioles brain 
mist from top to bottom fell in love with 
the idea of proving how smart they were. 
They convinced themselves that Ripken 
had lost a step at shortstop, rather than 
focusing on all the steps he still had. 

When the Orioles signed the free- 


agent shortstop Mike Bordick for three 
years for $9 milli on last winter, it wasn't 
a total disaster. 

But wait. Give it a chance. 

Bordick is playing exactly as he al- 
ways has. He’s fulfilling his end of the 
bargain. Defensively, he’s about as 
good as Ripken. 

That’s praise. Bordick may have a 
hair more lateral range, and he is a 
sparkplug type. Ripken's aim is 
stronger. He charged dribblers better 
and turned the double play harder. 

Unfortunately. Bordick is, as should 
have been expected, one of the half- 
dozen least productive offensive players 
in baseball. The best that can be said of 
his .267 on-base percentage. .285 slug- 
ging percentage. 13 grounded -into- 
double-plays and zero stolen bases is 
that they are his career norm. 

The Orioles should have known that 
Bordick was a plucky, popular Willie 
Miranda type, not a big-ticket purchase. 
And they should have appreciated Rip- 
ken’shistoiy of backspasras. You move 
a guy with back problems away from 
third base. 

If the position switch had not been so 
controversial, with Ripken making it 
clear, that he thought the move unnec- 
essary. then the Orioles could have 
made the logical baseball moves a 
month ago when Chris Hoiles was hurt. 
How do you get more offense into the 
lineup until Hoiles returns? Obvious. 
Get Bordick out of it. Move Ripken 
back to shortstop. Get B. J. Surhoff back 
at third base, where he played last year. 
You’ve got plenty of outfield bats. 

But egos would be bruised. Repu- 
tations tarnished. Past judgments called 
into question. 

When a great offensive shortstop gets 
too old for the position, he should only 
make one final change to the position 
where he will end his career. 

Will Ripken end at third? Or will the 
day come when he has to take his aching 
back to first base? Where, then, would 
Rafael Palmeiro go? 

A normal human being might de- 
velop a chronic back problem ai third 
base and make those who moved him 
there look awful. But sometimes Ripken 
does not seem entirely human. Maybe 
he will lough it out to 3,000 games and 
keep hitting .285 with 20-some homers 
and 90-some runs batted in. 

“Just when everybody else is tired 
and you figure he must be, too. Cal’s 
ready to wrestle." Johnson said. 
Nobody's going to tell Ripken to take a 
day off. Not even Johnson. But. in- 
creasingly as he ages, Ripken is going to 
feel the weight of his Streak. He 
shouldn't have to cany that burden on 
an aching third baseman’s back. 


Keeping Track of an NFL in Motion 

It’s Not Easy With 11 New Coaches and 7 New Starting Quarterbacks 


'• 'i ft •••' •• ■ . ' ' * a ' \'m 


• > •• • 


V 


By Mike Freeman 

Sen York Times Service 


rjjmris- 




I 




Kent Giahara has had a 

- busy few months preparing to 
take over the Arizona Car- 
dinals’ starting quarterback 

■; job, but he couldn’t help no- 
tice the oscillations that have 

- taken place in the National 
Football League. 

"You have to be locked up 
in a box not to see what has 

NFL Roundup 

i> ■ 

been going oh in the league 
the last few months,” Gra- 
ham said. “It’s hard to keep 
crack of who is coaching what 
team and what player is 
where.” 

So as training camps got 
into full swing last weekend, 
massive change was ' the 
theme. Eleven teams — more 
than a third of the league — 
changed head coaches. 

■ The Carolina Panthers 
coach, Dom Capers, only in 
his third season, has the 
longest tenure of coaches in 
the National Football Confer- 
ence West 

“Does that mean I'm an 
old man?" Capers joked. 

‘ There are seven new 
starters at quarterback with 
Jeff George, formerly with 
the Atlanta - Falcons, leading 
the charge by signing a five- 
year, $26 million contract 
with the Oakland Raiders. 

George and his former 
ux>ach, June Jones, got into a 
shouting match on the side- 
line during a nationally tele- 
vised game last season. Jones 
l?ft Atlanta not long after 
George, and in stepped Dan. 
Reeves; who used to coach 
the New York Giants. 

When it comes to follow- 
ing the quarterbacks, break 
out the flow charts. 

The New Orleans Saints 
signed Heath Shuler to re- 
lace Jim Everett aid foe 
ashington Redskins nabbed 
Jeff Hostetler, to -railace 
Shuler. George is with the 
Raiders to replace Hostetler 
and the Falcons signed Chris 
Chandler to replace George. 

a ’ Are you keeping up? ’ ■ 

. The Tennessee Oners • — 
not only did quarterbacks and 
coaches change locales during 
foe off-season but teams 
packed foeir bags as wc31 
rigned.Dave Knegto replace 
Chandler. The Chicago Bears ' 
signed Rick Mirer to replace .• 


ph 

W2 


Krieg and foe Seattle Sea- 
hawks got a new quarterback 
in Warren Moon to replace 
Mirer as well as a new owner 
in Paul Allen. Tun Kelly re- 
tired. Kordell Stewart lost his 
nickname, “Slash” — be- 
cause he played so many po- 
sitions for Pittsburgh — and 
will play only at quarterback. 

Got all that? 

Change was nor limited 
this off-season to one position 
or one team. Pittsburgh lost 
Willie Williams, Chad 
Brown, Ray Seals, Deon Fig- 
ures and Rod Woodson to free 
agency. Desmond Howard 
bolted for Oakland, making it 
die second straight year a 
most valuable player in the 
Super Bowl changed teams. 
Larry Brown was foe other. 

The rich got richer when 
the Green Bay Packers signed 
linebacker Seth Joyner last 
week, and foe rich want to get 
even richer as die Buffalo 
Bills' Bruce Smith and Wash- 
ington’s Sean Gilbert held out 
of foeir respective training 
camps because of contract 
fights. It may be weeks before 
they report. 

And key players aren’t 
missing camp time solely be- 
cause of contract disputes. 

Miami's No. 1 pick, re- 
ceiver Yatil Green, could 
miss foe season because of a 
practice injury last week to a 
torn anterior cm date liga- 
ment in his right knee, ac- 
cording to his agent. Drew 
Rosenhaus. 

The Dolphins are drown- 
ing. They also lost Larry Izzo, 
foeir reserve standout at line- 
backer and on special teams, 
with a tom left Achilles ten- 
don. T 7? o went down without 
being touched as did Green 
and Kirby Dar Dar, foe wide 
receiver-special teams' play- 
er, with a tom anterior cru- 
ciate ligament 

• Steve Emtman; foe 
NFL’s top overall draft pick 
five years ago, has agreed to 
contract terms wife foe San 
Francisco 49ers. Emtman. a 
free- agent defensive tackle 
waived in February by foe 
Miami Dolphins in’ a salary 
cap move, agreed to a one- 
year contract with an option 
for a second year. 

• Kendrick Burton, a de- 
fensive lineman, has been 

ided by foe NFL and 
i*miss the Tennessee Oil- 
ers’ first season after violat- 
ing foe league’s drug policy. 


suspenc 
will 'mi 





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BASEBALL Ripken Creaks; So Does Streak p. 1 9 BOXING This Referee Is a Star p. 1 8 FOOTBALL NFL in Motion p. 1 9 


PAGE 20 


World Roundup 


Saved by the Rain 


cricket Rain saved Pakistan 
on Sunday when its Asian Cup 
match against India in Colombo 
had to be abandoned as a no-result 
after nine overs with Pakistan on 
30 runs for 5 wickets. ( Renters i 


Kasbima Wins Tide 


soccer Forward Mazinho's 
goal gave the defending /-League 
champion Kashima Antlers a 1-0 
victory at Cerezo Osaka and let 
them clinch the title for the first 
half of die current season. 

• Athletic Bilbao has paid 2 bil- 
lion pesetas ($13.5 million) for 
Roberto Rios, Spanish newspa- 
pers reported Sunday. The trans- 
fer is the biggest ever involving a 
Spanish player. ( Reuters ) 


Police Kill College Star 


football Terry Smith, Clem- 
son University's career receiving 
leader, was shot and killed by po- 
licemen who found him attacking 
his estranged wife with a kitchen 
knife, authorities said Saturday. 

Smith, 26, who led Clem son in 
receiving from 1990 to 1993. had 
kicked in the door of Angela 
Smith's home when DeKalb 
County. Georgia, officers arrived 
shortly before 7 P.M. Friday and 
saw the knife-wielding Smith 
holding the woman, with their 2- 
y ear-old daughter sandwiched be- 
tween them. 

Officers told Smith to drop die 
knife, but he refused, shouting 
“Kill me! kill me!" the police 
report said. 

The patrol supervisor fired a 
single round to stop the attack. 
That shot failed to stop Smith and 
two other officers fired their 
weapons, the report said. 

Smith was fatally wounded. 

Angela Smith. *24. sustained 
multiple stab wounds as well as a 
gunshot wound in the arm. She was 
hospitalized in stable condition. 

The 2-year-old, whose name 
was withheld, had a gunshot 
wound and also was listed in 
stable condition, police said. 


A month ago. the police ar- 


rested Smith for spitting on his 


wife and harassing her by phone 


after she filed for divorce. \AP) 


Two Races for Germany 


FORMULA ONE Germany will 
continue to hold two Grand Prix 
events each year until 2001. For- 
mula One chiefs. Max Mosley, 
said Sunday. 

Hockenheim holds the German 
Grand Prix. This year the Nur- 
burgring will stage the Luxem- 
bourg Grand Prix, previously 
called the European Grand Prix. 

Under Formula One rules no 
country can stage two Grand Prix 
races, hence the Nurburgring 
event’s nominal allegiance to 
neighboring Luxembourg. 

German 'authorities have given 
permission for teams to display 
tobacco advertising at Nurburgring 
but not at Hockenheim. (AFP) 



WINNING SMILE — Alex 
Corretja celebrating a victory 
Sunday in Stuttgart. Page 18. 


Itcralo^s^fcnbune 


Sports 


MONDAY, JULY 21, 1997 


Leonard Surges Past Fading Swede to Win Open 


Texan Shoots Final-Round 65 
As Pamevik Finishes 2d Again 


By Ian Thomsen 

Inn n*iiuwnil HeraU Trihiow 


TROON. Scotland — In the year of 
Tiger Woods, in a month when the most 
charismatic players were playing their 
best, on a day that started with the 
planet's most eccentric golfer leading 
by a couple of strokes, the 1 26th British 
Open wound up in the hands of an 
averageTexan named Justin Leonard — 
the anti-Tiger. 

The 25-year-old Leonard is neither 
long off the tee nor charismatic nor 
eccentric, and he has a way of sounding 
humble that could put an audience to 


British Open 


sleep. But everything he is not has been 
trammeled and supplanted by 
everything he was Sunday afternoon as 
the perfect gentleman added himself to 
the List of five consecutive Americans to 
have won Opens at Royal Troon. He 
shot a 6-under par 65 to finish at 12- 
under par 272. three strokes ahead of the 
final pairing of Jesper Pamevik and 
Dairen Clarke. 

Leonard equaled the biggest fuial-day 
comeback in British Open history. He 
began the day five strokes behind 
Pamevik. the eccentric Swede who twice 
in four years has lost British Opens in the 
closing holes. Leonard barged in on the 
leaders with birdies on three of the first 
four holes, and when he finished the from 
side in 5-under 3 1 . he was just a stroke 
behind Pamevik. 

All day Pamevik wave, ed between 1 1- 
under and 1 2-under. When Leonard lost a 
stroke at No. 10 — his second and last 
bogey of the day — he was two strokes 
behind Pamevik. At 13. Pamevik missed 
a body-length putt for par. and now the 
pieces were arranged: the Swede in his 
baseball cap with the upturned bill, the 
tight pants and the wisdom of new-age 
science at ll-unden the Texan who looks 
like he carries a Filofax in his golf bag at 


10- under with four holes to play: and 

hope. 


everyone else our of holes and hope 

Clarke of Northern Ireland had 
double-bogeyed the second to drop to 8- 
under, picking up where he left off from 
his disastrous back nine Saturday. Noth- 
ing more from him was heard until the 
1 8th, which he birdied to catch the plum- 
meting Pamevik in a tie for second. 

Leonard saved par with putts of lOfeet 
at No. 1 1 and 15 feet at No. 15. At 16, a 
long par-5, Leonard entered the higher 
realm after a couple of disappointing 
shots left him 16 feet from a birdie. 
"Everyone in this room could get that 


British Open 


Final raauha at 136* Brittarti Open an 7.079 yard. 
par-71 Royal Troon Golf Club course: 


Justin Leonard, U £. 

Dornm Clcrta Bitten 
Jesper Pamevfk. Sweden 
Jim Furyfc, U.5. 

Stephen Ames, Trinidad 
Podrotg Herrington. Ireland 
Eduardo Romero, Argentina 
Fred Couples. US. 

Peter OMdltey. Agsfrefin 
Robert Altenby, Australia 
Lee Westwood, Britain 
ErrteEb. South Africa 
Tom Watson, US. 
RehefCaosea South Africa 
Tom Kile, U.S. 

Frank NoWta. New Zealand 
Marie CoknvecchKb US. 
SMgekl Maruyoma Japan 
DovlsLovclll.ua. 

Bind Faxon. US. 

Mark Jomes. Britain 
Stuart Apple by, Au strata 
Jose Marla Olaubal Spain 
Tom Lehman, U.S. 

Jay Haas, U S. 

Colin Montgomerie. Britain 
Phil MfcJcefeon US. 

Ian Woosngm Britain 
David A. Russell Britain 
TiQCf Woods. US. 

Peter Lonanl US. 

Mark McNulty, Zimbabwe 
Jonathan Lomas, Britain 
Rodger Davis. Australia 
David Duval Ui. 

Andrew Magee, U.S. 

Greg Noimarv Australia 
Vijay Singh, Fiji 
Bernhard Longer, Germany 
Mark OMeora U .5. 

John Kemohan. U 5 
Raymond Russel, Britain 
Michael Bmrfley. U.S. 

Jose Gram Argentina 
Curtis Strange. U.S. 

Jerry Kelly, Ui. 

David Tapping. Britain 
Steve Jones. U.5. 

Jim Payne U.S. 

Richard BoialL Britain 
Corey Pam U.5. 

Peter Mitchell Britain 
Wayne Riley. Australia 
Jett MoggertU-S. 

Nic*. Faldo, Britain 
Peter Senior. Australia 
Greg Turner. New Zealand 
Angel Cabrera Argentina 
Payne Stewart U-S. 

Jack Nidi la us. U.S. 

a-O. Barclay Howard. Britain 

Tom Pureer, U.S. 

Steve Strieker. U.S. 

Peter Teravalnen. U.S. 

Jamie Spence, Britain 
Paul McGedey. Ireland 
Per- U Irik Johansson. Sweden 
Tommy Tolies. Ua. 

Gary Clerk. Britain 
BBIy Andrade. U.S 
o-omaieur 


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fc.-wn I -am ai^ut/Roact- 

Jesper Pamevik hitting out of a bunker Sunday in the British Open's final 
round. He finished the day with a 2-over-par 73 to share second place. 


Woods Falters 
After Record 


By Ian Thomsen 

tmenmrimil Hvrukl Tiilnmc 


TROON. Scotland — Tiger 
■ Woods had played himself onro the 
distant bottom of the leaderboard 
Saturday with the low round of the 
tournament, a 64 that was his only 
round under par, but despite great 
anticipation he failed to start fast on 
Sunday. 

He was 5-under for the tourna- 
ment when he took two from a 
bunker and three putts to triple- 
bogey the shortest bole of any cur- 
rent British Open course, the 1 26- 
yard eighth. He wound up with 74 
to finish even at 284 — his first 
British Open as a professional un- 
done by a pair of triple-bogeys and 
a quadruple 8. 

In his third round 7-under par 64, 
which vaulted him past 41 players. 
Woods only hit six fairways while 
equaling the low score for an Open at 
Royal Troon set by Greg Norman in 
1989. when the course was par 72. 

At Nos. 16 and 17 the British 
realized firsthand what all of the 
Tiger hullabaloo has been about. At 
16, he laid up with a 2-iron and then 
ran a driver onto the green more 
than 280 yards away, leading to the 
first eagle the hole had seen. At 17 
he missed the green, but he lined up 
the chip the way other players line 
up putts. It was clear that he was 
trying to sink it, and sink it he did. 
throwing an uppercut in the air as 
he hopped up the hill afterward. . 

That round wasn't like those he 
played at the Masters this year — 
he was in and out of trouble all day, 
and he didn't dominate the old 
course so much as he seemed to 
outwit it. He couldn't build on it 
Sunday, but someday he is going to 
get the hang of links courses. 

"1 have always been determined 
to win a British Open," he said. 
"It's the one with the most tra- 
dition. It would mean a lot to me." 






I 






v. 


:0eani 




. > 

■ yjS “ 


y-t . 




shot closer than I did," he told a tentful of 
reporters. On the course, uncharacter- 
istically steamed, he turned to his caddy 
and said, ' Tm going to sink this one. " Of 
the roar that attaches itself to lead-tying 
putts at British Opens, he said. "That's 
when the hair on my neck stood up." 

He took the lead outright at 1 2-under 
with a 30-foot birdie at 17. Moments 
later, one hole behind. Pamevik could 


not respond with a 4-footer tpr birdie. It 
drew a short frown as it turned slightly 
along the lip of the cup. 

All week Pamevik had been saying 
that he had benefited from his expe- 
rience of the Open in 1994. when he 
failed to look at the leader board, thought 
he needed to birdie 18 when a par would 
have done and bogeyed it to lose outright 
to Nick Price. On Sunday he pulled his 


approach to the 1 7th green, a long par-3, 
and missed a 15-foot par putt. Needing 


an eagle, he bogeyed the 18th. 
"This i 


; one hurts a lot more than Tum- 
beny," said the 32-year-old Pamevik. 
who is known as something of an absent- 
minded professor. "Today I think the 
pressure was just a little bit too much.” 
As a teenager, Leonard's nickname 
was “Jasper.' "which was meant asaprn- 


down by his friends and which might 
seem the crudest irony to Pamevik. Le- 
onard grew up in Dallas playing with his 
grandmother's clubs, writing school es- 
says about Jack Nicklaus. Arnold Palmer 


and Gary Player and refusing to play by 
anybody's strategy but his own. Never a 


long hitter, he nonetheless refused until 
recently to use metal woods, believing 
that persimmon gave him better control. ., 

' r“ 


Virenque Storms Alps, With Ullrich at His Heels 


By Samuel Abt 

bUcrWUribil HcrjtJ Tribune 


C OURCHEVEL. France— After 
a long week of second and third 
places. Richard Virenque finally 
cruised over a Tour de France finish line 
Sunday with a finger pointing to the 
sky. 

Numero Lno at last! Thousands of 
French fans atop a mountain overlook- 
ing the ski reson of Courchevel burst 
into applause and bo wJs. Virenque. their 


Tour de France 


compatriot and darling, rode a su- 
premely strong race over the 148 ki- 
lometers (92 miles) from Le Bourg 
d’Oisans crossing each of three moun- 
tains first. 

But he might as well nave raised two 
fingers, since all he did with his victory 
was consolidate his standing in second 
place overall in this S4th Tour. Right 
behind him. where he had been for 
many, many kilometers, was Jan Ull- 
rich. the man in the yellow jersey of the 
race leader. 

Despite repeated attjeks and a uell- 
orchestrated bhtzkricc bv his Festina 


teammates. Virenque was never able to 
open a lead bigger than 1 minute, 55 
seconds over his rival. When they fi- 
nally passed across the finish line, that 
margin was down to zero. 

"We did everything today to explode 
the race," Virenque said. "During the 
last five kilometers. I really pushed it to 
gain lime on the field but I knew that l 
wouldn't be able lo lose Ullrich." 

The German, who rides for Telekom, 
looked untroubled as he rode along. 

So. as the Tour entered the last of its 
three weeks. Ullrich retained his lead of 
6 minutes 22 seconds and looked more 
than ever like a certain winner, barring 
illness and accidcni. Virenque also 
looked like a certain runner-up since he 
holds a lead ol nearly five minutes over 
the rider in third place. Bjame Riis. a 
Dane w iih Telekom w ho is the defend- 
ing champion. 

Virenque said that during the final 
kilometers he asked Ullrich to take a 
turn at the front and let them both pull 
away from their chasers by combining 
their strength. 

"He said he wouldn't because he 
wanted to protect Riis," Ullrich's team- 
mate. who was more than a minute 
behind. Virenque reported, sounding 


astonished by the display of loyalry. Riis 
finished fifth, 1:24 behind and moved 
from fourth place overall to third. 

He replaced Marco Pantani. an Italian 
with Mercatone Uno, who easily won 
the prestigious mountain stage to AIpe 
d'Hucz on Saturday but had lirtle left in 
his legs Sunday. 

Virenque and Ullrich were both 
timed in 4:34.16, an average of 32.3 
kilometers t20 miles per hour). That 
pace was so swift that only 63 men 
finished within the allowable time, 
which is based on a 12 percent margin 
beyond the winner’s clocking. 

Showing mercy after the riders spent 
two days last week in the Pyrenees, 
followed by an uphill time trial and then 
the first two of three days in the Alps, 
the race ’5 judges extended the time dif- 
ferential to 14 percent. That translated to 
more than 38 minutes behind Virenque 
instead of 33 and kepi in the race the 
huge packet of riders who finished to- 
gether nearly 37 minutes behind him. 

In the end. six riders were eliminated 


and nine either did not start or quit en 
route, reducing the field of 198 who 


siarted the Tour on July 5 to 156. 

Virenque and his Festina collabor- 
ators attacked on the first climb, up lo 


the Glandon Pass, 22 kilometen long 
withagradeof5.2 percent. Ullrich, who 
was without teammates to shelter and 
assist him, stayed with his opponents 
but then began losing time. 

Wisely, he slowed and awaited re- 
inforcements. By the time they arrived, 
he was 1:55 behind. Riis, Georg 
Totschnig and Udo Bolts did extraor- 
dinary work to narrow the gap. which 
began coming down on the second 
climb, the Madeleine Pass. 2 1 kilome- 
ters Jong with a grade of 7.6 percent. On 
the ascent. Riis” worked bravely alone 
for Ullrich and was matched by Laurent 
Dufaux, who was leading his teammate 
Virenque. Both pacesetters began to 
fade on the last climb to Courchevel. 2 1 
kilometers long with a grade of 6.3 
percent. 

While tens of thousands watched in 
sunny and warm weather. Virenque at- 
tacked three times, leaving behind 
everybody in the five- man group of 
leaders but Ullrich. The Frenchman 
kept looking over at the man in the 
yellow jersey, trying to discern a weak- 
ness or sign of failing pow er. 

There was none. 


Tour de France 


Raeidte BMurday Tour d» France, 1 3lh stngo tune 
tram Sl Etienne to I’Mpe (TNuez. 204 kitaniaiarG 
(1288 mUmty. 

1. Marco Pantani Mercatone Una Italy, 5 hours. 2 
m. 42 u 2. Jan Ullrich. Germany, Trtetam, at 47 sj 3. 
RkJnrd Virenque. France, Fesflna 1:77; 4. Fnmcesca 
Catagtonde. Italy. Sacco. £27, 5. Blame Rib. Den- 
mark Telekom. 2SR 6. Scat Zberg, Switzerland, Mer- 
c atone Una, 2 A 7, Udo Balts, Germany. Telekom. 
259; 8. Roberto Conti Holy. Mercatone Una 2594, 9. 
Laurent Mariana s. France. Lotto, 259. 10. Laurent 
Jolobert Franca ONCE. 3:22. 

RmiOk Sunder Tour da Franca. I4ui mg* from 
Bourg d-Ofana to Courchowl. Hi nllomoipra <ti .9 
RiBask 

1. virenque 4 h. 34 m. 16 sj 2 Ulrich, some Bn* 1 
Ferna nd o Eicorifn, Spain. Reftm, at 47 s.- 4 Laurent 
Dufaux. 5#ltzeflan4 Festina 1:1^5. Rib 1:24 6. Pan- 
lanl 3:06; 7. Cosogranda 136; 8. Jow Marla Jimenez, 
Scow. BanesJa 35ft 9. Abraham Otano. SpOkv 
Banesta 35ft 10. Canfl. 451; 11. Peter Luttcnbergcn 
Austria Rabobank, 7:13; 12. Pascal Lina France, Big 
Mat. 8.01; 13 Herman Bventnra. Cotambia Ketmc. 
1025: n. Beat Zborg. SmBnsrioml Mercatone 
Unaiwa 15 Udo Bote. Germany. Telekom IQcSBL 

ovcttALU I.UDrich, 7lri)ft26;2.VhmqBaot6Ji£ 
j Rite. 11.06. 4. Pantani 1130: 5. Okwa 14:2ft 6. 
Escort m. 15-23; 7. Cftsoganda. 16:32; B. Dufaux. 2MS. 
?. Jlmmez, 183 2. 1ft Conti 2529. 10. Roberta Conti 
Italy. Mercatone Una 25:29: it. Peter Luttertcrget 
Aus«wl Rabobank, 27.-00; 12. Oscar Camera md. 
Snitz errand. Mapci 2fc09: 13. BcarZberg. S*ttzertond. 
Merectone Una 30-57; 14. Marco Fincata Italy. Roslot- 
to- 3822; 15. Pascal Una France. Big Mat 3«6. 


<;-r ”■ 


F 3. F j-_ 



Z 




subsiding when his opponent quickly- 
caught him. In the final stra 


The German sta\ed w ith Virenque all 
the way up. attacking once and then 


I straightaway to 
the line. Ullrich never made a move to 
overtake. 

His message was clear: He can 
counter any attack and will not allow the 
man in second Diace to come any closer.' 
Winning the Tour de France, he was- 
saying, is far more important than win- 
ning the battle to Courchevel. 



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