Skip to main content

Full text of "International Herald Tribune , 1997, France, English"

See other formats





The World’s Dally Newspaper 


Paris, Monday, June 2, 1997 


No. 35,536 

Socialists Recapture Power in France 

By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The French Socialists swept to 
triumph Sunday in runoff parliamentary elec- 
tions that will enable them to form a new 
government, forcing President Jacques Chirac 
to share power with his ideological opponents. 

Computer projections showed that the So- 
cialists and their minor leftist supporters won 
more than 290 seats in the 577-meraber Na- 
tional Assembly, a majority more than adequate 
for the Socialists to pass legislation without 
depending on the support oftbe Communist 
Pam 1 , their electoral ally. 

The dimensions of the conservatives' defeat 

raised the possibility that Mr. Chirac could face 
demands to resign and call presidential elec- 
tions to re-establish the credibility of the office, 
analysts said Sunday night 
Voters delivered a powerful rejection of the 
performance of the center-right governing co- 
alition in vying to push through changes to 
make the economy more competitive and 
French society less dependent on jobs and ben- 
efits provided by the government 
The election results were overwhelmingly in 
favor of the leftist electoral coalition. Of the 
parliamentary seats, the Socialists and their 
non-Communist allies seemed set to win be- 
tween 289 and 298 seats, compared to 220 for 
the center-right coalition. These comprised 1 00 

for the centrist Union for French Democracy 
and 120 for Mr. Chirac's Rally for the Re- 
public. * 

In the Parliament that still bad a year to run 
when Mr! Chirac called a snap election five 
weeks ago, the governing coalition had 460 

Projections gave 36 seats to the Communists, 
their best score for a decade, along with seven to 
the Greens and one or two to the National Front. 
The remainder went to splinter parties. 

The comeback of the Socialists, who seemed 
close to political oblivion five years ago, has 
effectively eliminated any option of govem- 
ment-Ied shock treatment to the economic and 
social welfare system in the foreseeable fu- 

Intemationally, the election will be inter- 
preted as evidence of French resistance to eco- 
nomic change and as a threat to current plans for 
European integration around a strong French- 
German core of leadership. 

Foreign capitals and international investors 
have seen the vote largely as a test of French 
readiness to accept painful reforms and to sac- 
rifice some independence to European cooper- 
ation. Now the outcome is likely to be regarded 
as a national retreat from economic challenge 
and proof that France wants to cling to an 
increasingly costly system of job protection and 
social benefits that are among the most gen- 
erous in Europe. 

Lionel Jospin, 59, the Socialist leader who 
presumably will be the next prime minister, has 
strongly stated his determination to modify the 
priorities of the European Union to emphasize 
the battle against unemployment. France's 
chronic joblessness was a major issue when the 
Socialists were turned our of Parliament five 
years ago and has not improved since, now 
standing at 12.8 percent. 

But it is the high cost of labor that business 
leaders say makes France less competitive and 
jobs harder to create. 

Sunday night, Mr. Jospin reaffirmed that he 
planned to “reorient" European policy in re- 

See FRANCE, Page 11 

The Political Lesson: Forward to the Past 

111 ! 

jran-rjurirfapbr taha/Rrmrn 

Jacques Chirac: Facing “cohabitation.” 

Kenya Leader 
Shrugs Off 
Reform Call 

C.mfHleJhtOlr S&gTFnn Duptadns 

NAIROBI — President Daniel arap 
Moi dismissed opposition demands for 
constitutional reforms ahead of elec- 
tions, while the police kept opposition 
leaders confined to their homes fol- 
lowing serious rioting over the week- 

Hundreds of riot police — some on 
horseback — charged more than 1,000 
demonstrators Saturday, beating them 
with truncheons and firing rubber bul- 
lets and tear gas. 

Street banles ensued, with demon- 
strators and hangers-on breaking shop 
windows, looting goods, stoning 
passing cars and turning them over. 

One person died in the rioting, ac- 
cording to newspaper reports, several 
opposition leaders and scores of dem- 
onstrators were injured, and scores of 
shops and stalls were looted. 

Opposition leaders and clergy, seek- 
ing reforrr.i :o the constitution ahead of 
this vear > elections, had planned to 
disrupt Vr Moi’s speech Sunday at the 
annual Madaraka Day rally, which 
marks the winning of self-government 
in 1963 or the way to independence 
later that vear. 

By John Vinocur 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In putting the left back in charge of 
the government, the French have voted against 
all the new methods proposed to them for 
pushing their country into competitiveness and 
out of economic decline. Creating a political 
irony of considerable proportions, the electorate 
chose the Socialists and their allies because they 
represented the least chance of change. 

In the context of globalization, and the de- 
clining fortunes of Europe’s social model of 
high pay, guaranteed employment and tight 
state control over enterprise, the French instead 
have affirmed the old way of doing things. 
Irrespective of the leftist party labels, they voted 
for conservative content: no change in the active 
intervention of the state in business, no change 
in the minimum wage, no movement toward 
increasing job market flexibility and no basic 
redefinition of the vast system of social ser- 

Against the timid and halting attempts of the 
center and parties of the right to say that France 
needed to convert to an economic system more 
like that of the United States or Britain, the 
French responded that , even with 12.8 percent 
unemployment and darkening prospects, they 
in effect preferred the example of Sweden 25 

years ago. which, for all its great success, is now 
a part of the past 

An unequivocal statement of how much Li- 
onel Jospin, the likely leader of a Socialist-led 
■ government, saw 

NEWS ANALYSIS hi s future tied to 

the old approach 

was disclosed Saturday when the European 
Parliament's Socialist group issued a news re- 
lease saying that Mr. Jospin told workers from 
the Renault auto factory in Vilvoorde, Belgium, 
that he would seek, when elected, to force 

management to reverse its decision to close the 
plant. In saying that “representatives of the 
state on Renault's board will demand other 
measures,” Mr. Jospin was taking a position 
that was the antithesis of the leave-business- to- 
business stance that Tony Blair lay down in 
leading the Labour Party to victory in Britain on 
May 1. 

With the possibility of members of the Com- 
munist Party in government and the necessity to 

See LEFT, Page 11 

• t* 

*7“' ... ./ s-v ; *c. 

Economic Outlook: Euro Confusion 

! W ■!'"’■ 

By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The Socialists’ victory in France's 
election Sunday is certain to contribute to the 
growing confusion and political conflict over 
Europe's plans for monetary union, the Con- 
tinent's most ambitious and radical plan for 
economic change in the postwar era. 

Lionel Jospin, the Socialist leader likely to be 
named prime minister, is expected to reaffirm 
France's commitment to the single currency 

project immediately, and he may seek to re- 
assure European partners of this by naming 
Jacques Delors, the former European Com- 
mission president, as a special adviser or to a 
cabinet post. 

But Mr. Jospin has made it clear that under 
his leadership Paris wiU abandon the kind of 
austerity and reform policies envisaged by Pres- 
ident Jacques Chirac, which economists have 
seen as vital if France is to be a credible partner 


See EUROPE, Page Ilf 

Lionel Jospin: 

Ciuuuiphr tWTbr .\noculnl faa. 

The likely prime minister. 


Prime Minister of Turkey 
Will Seek Early Election 

Erbakan Aims to Shore Up Crumbling Coalition 

Uror? VnWa/HmirT. 

Nairobi policemen beating a rioter Sunday, after they broke up a rally to urge changes in the constitution. 

But before the opposition could or- 
ganize, riot police and paramilitary 
General Service Units surrounded the 
houses of the leaders, preventing them 
from leaving. 

The government critics and clergy 
who organized Saturday's rally are ur- 
ging the repeal of election laws they say 
favor incumbents in Mr. Moi’s ruling 
Kenya African National Union. 

The laws, which date from British 
colonial rule, curtail freedom of ex- 
pression and assembly, permit indef- 
inite detention without trial and allow 
authorities to censor publications and 
bar political parties from obtaining 
On Sunday, the 73-year-old pres- 
ident promised to change the Public 
Order Act, which his opponents say is 
used to justify officially sanctioned 

violence against opposition rallies. 

Mr. Moi said new legislation would 
be presented for debate in the Parlia- 
ment. “This new law will replace the 
Public Order Act,” he said. 

He did not say when the law will be 
changed. It was under this law, dating 
back to British colonial times, that the 
police broke up the peaceful rally Sat- 
urday. (AP. Reuters, AFP) 

China Joyfully Awaits 
Return of Prodigal Son 

AJe t f- a T 

By Seth Faison 

Sm York Ttmrs Service 

SHANGHAI — Ail over China, 
schoolchildren call out the number in 
unison before classes begin each morn- 
ing. Every major radio and television 
broadcast opens with the same count 
In Tiananmen Square in Beijing, 
there is a towering electronic dock dux 

‘ Wewartw d^PricM 1 

'Ardor* 13.00 FFUtawi LLMDC 

ATJJ tt 1 250FF Morocco : — 16 Dh 

Cameron. t gOOCFA Cfcfcr HLOOFbfe 

Eflypt 2E5.50 flfcrion. — 1230FF 

T*nct .JL.LiojjO FF Saudi AuWa...iaOOR. 

Gabon- 1100 C» Senegal — 1.1000* 

**¥ 2300 Ln Span 2»PW$ 

*wqr Com. 12500* Tbnlrta 1250 Dn 

1250 JD UAE 1000 Okh 

Kuw* .700 Fto U&ML{Eue.]-~-£120 

measures the remaining wait in days, 
and even in seconds. 

Tbs countdown to July 1 — when 
China resumes sovereignty over Hong 
Kong — is becoming a national ob- 
session here. 

People in Hong Kong may be await- 
ing their return to Chinese rule with 
anxiety, but in mainland China, foe im- 
minent handover is uniformly seen as 
one of the most glorious events in mod- 
ern history. To recover Hong Kong, in 
the Chinese view, is to right one of the 
worst wrongs left over from an era of 
foreign damnation in the 19th century. 

Among ordinary people in China, 
Hong Kong's .comiqg return evokes 
feelings of nationalist pride and his- 
torical justice along with, linking un- 
derneath, an uneasy mpe of jealousy and 

'The main thing is that Chinese 
people will be niled by Chinese people, 
not forri^ner?," said Wang Xiuznen, 
60, adminog a huge sign in a Shanghai 
pork celebrating Hong Kong's return, 
one of many set up m cities around the 

See CHINA, Page 4 

•-■s ; ' ... 

-Ji fp \ 

■ Si 

M i " 

By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Times Service 

ISTANBUL — After 1 1 months in 
office as modern Turkey’s first Islamist 
leader, Prime Minister Necmettin 
Erbakan acknowledged Sunday that his 
coalition government was crumbling 
and said he would call new elections. 

“We decided that for Turkey to con- 
tinue its economic success, an early 
election would be necessary,” Mr. 
Erbakan said at a news conference in 
Ankara, the capital. 

He did not say when the elections 
would be held. They were not due until 
2000, but in recent months various pres- 
sures on the government have become 
all but paralyzing. 

The pressure began to intensify in 
February, when the country's influen- 
tial generals, who consider themselves 
the ultimate guardians of Turkish sec- 
ularism, demanded that Mr. Erbakan 
retreat from bis Islamist policies. Their 
most immediate demand was that he 
close unregistered Koranic educational 
institutions and impose curbs on Islamic 

Mr. Erbakan said he would cany out 
the military’s deanands, but he has proved 
reluctant to keep his promise. Some of his 
principal supporters have threatened to 
abandon him if he does not stand firm in 
defense of religious education. 

Then, last month, a senior prosecutor 
announced that he would ask a court to 

ban Mr. Erbakan's Welfare Party on the 
grounds that it threatens the secularist 
principles cm which modem Turkey was 
founded 74 years ago. 

As these external pressures on the 
government have grown, the secularist 
True Path Party, Mr. Erbakan's coali- 
tion partner, has been shaken by a series 
of defections by cabinet ministers and 
members of Parliament. Some said they 
could no longer work with the Islamists. 
Others complained that the party was 
being dragged down by its leader, For- 
eign Minister Tansu Ciller, who has 
been the target of a series of corruption 
allegations. She has denied the con- 

At Sunday's news conference, Mrs. 
Ciller said that Mr. Erbakan would turn 
his job over to her at the end of June and 
that she would be the prime minister 
until new elections were held. 

For that to happen, however, Mr. 
Erbakan would have to resign as prime 
minister. President Suleyman Demirel 
would have to ask Mrs. Ciller to form a 
new government and she would have to 
be confirmed by Parliament. 

It is far from certain that such a se- 
quence of events will unfold. 

“Nothing is definite, yet,’’ wrote 
Hasan Cental, a columnist for the daily 
newspaper Sabah in Istanbul. “It is too 
early to see Ciller as the country’s next 
prime minister.’' 

See TURKEY, Page 1! 


Ruling Council Named in Sierra Leone 

While negotiators in Sierra Leone 
said Sunday that they had struck a 
deal with leadere of the military coup, 
the army strongman announced the 
formation of a ruling council. 

Major Johnny Pwl Koromah said 
that foe 20-member policy-making 
body would include the rebel leader 
Foday Sankoh as deputy chairman. 

Tietmeyer Assails 
Gold Revaluation 

The president of the German cen- 
tral bank, Hans Tietmeyer, hardened 
his opposition Sunday to plans to re- 
value foe Bundesbank's vast gold re- 

H4RCH } 

fbRztftccxAcy jm cm* 


Marchers In Hong Kong on Sundav commemorating the deaths of 
student activists killed in Beijing's ’1989 crackdown on democracy. 

serves. He also, in an unusual formal 
statement, denied that he had sug- 
gested delaying a single European 
currency. Some members of foe gov- 
erning coalition, meanwhile, urged 
foe government to retreat from its 
clash with the fiercely independent 
centra] bank. Page 13. 

But a senior Western diplomat said 
foe move was intended to appease the 
lower ranks of the army and the Rev- 
olutionary United Front rebels, who 
were opposed to negotiations. 

Other diplomats said that an agree- 
ment to end foe coup had. been 
reached and would be announced 
later. Page 10. 


Canadian Politicians Eye Ontario 


ASEAN Aims at Unity in Its Region 

EUROPE Pages. 

Albright Berates Balkan Leaders 

Books Page 9. 

Crossword Page 9. 

Opinion — Page 8. 

Sports Pages 18-20. 

The Intermarket 


[helHT on-line 



Sex and American Politics / 'A New Puritanism' Puts Public Figure* a* Bbfc 

Clinton’s Travail 

The Troubled Kennedy Legacy 

By Blaine Harden 

WatUngum Post Service 

B OSTON — John F. Kennedy's 80th birthday was 
celebrated by his family here last week with the 
annual Profile in Courage award. In those who 
showed up for the ceremony and those who stayed 
away, in the noble words that wore spoken and the ignoble - 
allegations that were ignored, the event showcased a family 
political dynasty that remains both fabulous and tainted. 

The glamour of the Kennedy tribe was embodied in JohnF. 
Kennedy Jr., 36, the handsome son of die assassinated pres- 
ident. The staying power of the family was personified by > 
Edward Kennedy, 65, the seven-term senator who said his 
family established the Profile in Courage award to honor 
‘ ‘genuine leadership based on enduring values,” 

At tiie same turn:, though, die absence from the ceremony of 
two other Kennedys showed off another enduring family 
tradition: periodic eruptions of what one local Democrat 
gingerly describes as “unfortunate personal circumstances." 

Not attending the ceremony was Michael Kennedy. 39. the 
sixth of Robert F. Kennedy's 1 1 children. A local district 
attorney is investigating Boston newspaper accounts of his 
alleged sexual relationship with an underage family baby- 
sitter. Most conspicuously missing from the Profile in Cour- 
age event was Representative Joseph Kennedy 2d, Democrat 
of Massachusetts. He is the eldest son of Robert and a likely 
contender in 1998 for governor of Massachusetts. 

Joe Kennedy, 44, was hiding from the news media. His aides 
said he did not want to be cornered by television cameras and 
asked to clarify when be found out about — and what he did to 
prevent — Ins brother’s alleged involvement with the baby- 
sitter. Nor did the five- term congressman want to comment 
further on the annulment ofhis first marriage. A recent book by 
his former wife, Sheila Rauch Kennedy, accuses Joe Kennedy 
of calling her a “nobody" and of bullying her into the 

As this generation of Kennedys — the children of John. 
Robert, Edward and of their sisters, Eunice, Patricia and Jean 
Ann — enters the prime of political life, the extended family 
is boldly continuing a near-century-old tradition of high- 
energy public service, of election-day mastery and of sexual 
escapades that both titillate and disgust voters. 

"There is no question that it comes down through the 
generations," says Doris Kearns Goodwin, a sympathetic 
student of the family and author of “The Fitzgeralds and the 

“It is a fascinating combination of idealism, of public 
service and, on occasion, a willingness to go beyond the 

ordinary rules.‘Tbcsc things all seem to come from the 
same family source,” Ms. Goodwin said. 

The breadth of this generation’s political involve- 
ment reaches from Patrick Kennedy, 30, die youngest 
son of Edward and a two-tenn congressman from Rhode . 
Island, to Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, 45, the eldest 
daughter of Robert and lieutenant governor of Mary- 
land. to Anthony Kennedy Shriver, 3 1, the youngest son 
of Eunice and a Florida pharmaceutical executive. 

By the accounts of many political professionals in 
Massachusetts and Washington, most of the Kennedy 
children have grown up to be responsible, hard-working 
and politically sophisticated adults. 

But the family's reputation, Ms. Goodwin noted, was 
sensationally tarnished in the 1991 Florida rape trial and 
acquittal of William Kennedy Smith, a medical student 
who was 31 years old. At the time, the rape allegation 
seemed the tawdry culmination of a long series of 
revelations about the untamed sexual appetites of 
Kennedy men, revelations that reached back to the 
1920s when the family patriarch, Joseph Kennedy Sr., 
carried on an open affair with the film star Gloria 
Swanson, down through the assorted sexual encounters 
of John Kennedy in the White House and the mysterious 
death of Mary Jo Kopechne, a secretary who drowned in 
a car that Edward Kennedy drove off a bridge at 
Chappaquiddick, Massachusetts, in 1969. 

By Francis XL Clines 

Ne» Ytn* Times Service 

BUS nmoi/Hmim 

Senator Edward Kennedy , right, and family 
members at a gathering in Boston honoring the 
late President John F. Kennedy . From left, 
Edward's son, Patrick; John F. Kennedy Jr n and 
Michael Kennedy \ son of the late Robert Kennedy. 

T HE newest material, of course, is the baby-sitter 
story. As chronicled on the front page of the Boston 
Globe — in articles tbe Kennedy family does not 
comment on, but does not deny — Michael Kennedy 
began a romantic relationship with a family baby-sitter five 
years ago when the girl was 14. 

Neighbors and friends of the baby-sitter's family told tbe 
Globe that the affair with the girl, who is now 19, caused 
marital problems for at least two years between Michael and 
Victoria Kennedy, daughter of die ABC sports announcer 
Frank Gifford. In 1995, sources told the- Globe, Victoria 
discovered Michael and the girl in bed. 

The Globe reported that the continuation of tbe affair was the 
apparent reason for an announcement in April that the couple 
had separated after 16 years of marriage and three children. 
Until the story broke, Michael Kennedy had been viewed as a 
likely candidate for Congress from Massachusetts. 

In the meantime, as Joe Kennedy has tried this spring to 
consolidate support for his expected ran for governor, the 
Boston news media has hounded him, demanding to know what 
he did or did not do to steer his brother from die baby-sitter. 

His silence has dovetailed with politically damaging pub- 
licity generated by his first wife's book. 

In foe process, Joe Kennedy’s commanding lead in public 
opinion polls on the governor's race has been erased. 

"The political story is that it is no longer an inevitability 
that Joe Kennedy is going to be the Democratic nominee for 
governor," said the Boston political consultant Mike Shea. 
Recent polls show Attorney General Scott Harsbbarger, also a 
Democrat, in a near dead heat with Kennedy. 

It was 51 years ago that John F. Kennedy first ran for 
Congress in Massachusetts and won, with the help of his 
father's vast wealth and the energetic campaigning of his 
extended family. Since then, Kennedy family members have 
won 18 elections in this state and lost none. 

Along Wallace Street in the town of Somerville, a working- 
class Boston suburb in the congressional district represents 
for Joe Kennedy, everyone has heard about “Michael's prob- 
lem.” But most of those interviewed did not blame Joe for tbe 
deeds of his brotfier. 

When pressed, most said they would vote for Joe 

and sport — aB from an infemcriorxd p ers p ective. 

TbVg ud v u < uy of tis Ended apcoitun i lylo fry the taler national Herdd 
Tribune with a bw cost. 2 -month (rial subscription and enjoy delivery la ywr 
homo or office every morning. 

































































































• For .-ikrcncPca esneerranc hmdddiwi .n moiar German enn atf tree HT Germany 
ri OIX>flAA5e5erfc>fOa91Wi:63!! 


Yes I wctAJ h*e to atari rtceri i ng Ae I ntt worional Heroic? Tribune 
D My chccL is enclosed [payable to Ae ffTTJ 
Charge my: CT AmexG Omen □ VISA □ Accra O MaflffCard □ Eurocord 
Crod-rcaid <#<org«i wi ba mode ei Fundi Fiona ct a*rvi ratal 

Cord No- Exp Dare: 

Signature - ... 

For buvness order*, indicate your VAT No. 

CMT VAX Nun^tr FR747X02M 2t>) 

Mr /Mr*/ M* Foindy Name.. 
Ma&ng Addhw. _____ 

Job Tide:. 

I Ciiy/Codo. . 
i Courtly 

.Business W No. 

Home Tel Nc 

E-Mail Addresi 

Ijjo* An copy of the tHT at iUfcoJi 0 hotel O airline O ether 
_ I do nc* »i|h tg re ce ive mforrocngn hum Other carefully screened compares 
MeJor fen to- JMemahoeaf Herald Tribune 
ISI Ave c doCauJe. 92S2I N*Jv Ccdn. ham. Fac +33 I 41 43 92 10 
OH CAL 1*33141439361 

In Aster +852 29 22 1 1 83. In tha US poU-free}: 1-800-382-2834 
f-Mad No: w b Mbt . rnm 
Offer wild for new subscribers only HA3M 

Israel Ties Palestinian Aide to Killings 

By Joel Greenberg 

New Yori Tunes Service 

JERUSALEM — An Israeli police 
investigation has found that the head of a 
Palestinian security agency and his men 
were directly involved in two recent 
slayings of Arabs suspected of selling 
land to Jews, the Jerusalem police chief 
said Sunday. 

Hie chief. General Yair Yitzhaki. said 
that four Palestinian agents and two oth- 
er men were caught Saturday night as 
they tried to kidnap another Arab real 
estate dealer from East Jerusalem to the 
Palestinian-governed town of Ramallab 
in the West Bank. 

"We have direct evidence of involve- 
ment of the head of a security agency in 
the Palestinian Authority." General 
Yitzhaki said at a news conference. 

He refused to identify the Palestinian 
officer, but Israel Television said 
Sunday night that he is Colonel Tawfik 
Tarawi, the chief of the Palestinian Gen- 
eral Security Service in the West Bank. 

Three Arabs accused of selling land to 
Israelis have been found slain in the 
Ramallah area in the past month, after 
the justice minister in tbe Palestinian 
Authority. Freih Abu Middein, an- 
nounced May 5 that all Arabs convicted 
of selling land to Jews would be sen- 
tenced to death. 

The most recent killing was on Sat- 
urday. when an Arab from East Jeru- 
salem who reportedly sold a house there 

up wa 

shot-in the head near Ramallah. 

The authority has denied involvement 
in the killings, asserting that dealers sus- 
pected of selling land to Jews will be 
brought to court and that several were 
already under arrest. 

The police announcement Sunday 
was tiie first detailed account by the 
Israelis of what they say is official Pal- 
estinian involvement in the killings. 
Chief Yitzhaki said that he could not 
speculate whether the Palestinian leader, 
Yasser Arafat, had ordered his security 
agency to kill the land dealers, but he 

added that tiie slayings did not appear to 
be the work of local vigilantes. 

“I can’t say that this agency acted on 
a mission from a level beyond," Chief 
Yitzhaki said. 

"I can only say that the systematic 
nature of the work does not indicate 
some kind of private initiative." 

General Yitzhaki said that tbe latest 
killing bore a similarity to the slaying on 
May 8 of another Arab from East Je- 
rusalem, who was found near the spot 
where the latest victim was discovered. 
The third murder victim was from a 
village near Ramallah. 

German Pays for a Sick Joke in Israel 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — A member of a 
German orchestra visiting Israel who 
signed “Adolf Hitler” on a bar bill at 
his hotel was sent home Sunday and 
will be dismissed, the German am- 
bassador to Israel said. 

Ambassador Theodor Wallau said 
the musician could be prosecuted. 
“The state legal authorities will have 
to decide wbai to do about him.” he 
said. "We do not take these matters 
lightly. Expressions of anti-Semitism 
are against the law in Germany.” 

Gerd Reinke, who the plays double 
bass in the orchestra of the German 

Opera Berlin, left Israel on Sunday to 
return to Berlin. Heinz-Dieter Sense, 
manager of the company, said Mr. 
Reinke would be dismissed Monday. 

Tbe incident "cannot be forgiven." 
Mr. Sense said in an interview with a 
Berlin radio station. 

The manager of tbe Sharon Hotel in 
Herzliya. where the orchestra was stay- 
ing, said on Israeli Army Radio that 
Mr. Reinke had two beers at the hotel 
and signed his bill “Adolf Hitler." 

"There was outrage in the hotel." 
said the manager, Zwika Spies. "The 
cashier asked him what was the mean- 
ing of this, and he said it was a joke.” 

rith tiie court's blessing to proceed, he noted, the charges 
might have fully ignited the character issue that fizzled in die 
hands of Bob Dole’s campaign. 

Trying to track sex as a public issue in modem America is 
like “watching two corves crashing against each other,” in 
the view of the historical novelist Thomas Mallon. “There is 
a new Puritanism of sorts, with people terribly afraid to make 
passes and grope the way they did 30 years ago. Against that, 
there is tbe other curve of people being much more willing to 
admit things go on that we always knew were going on but 
pretended not to know. There's a low-level hysteria in tbe 
culture as these two things clash." 

Caught in die grind, the president and his lawyers, like 
everyone else, are trying to survive. The nation may be 
inching toward the European tradition on sex and politics, one 
Clinton adviser estimated, “but we're not ready for Mit- 
terrand’s funeral” 

■ No Apology From President, Lawyer States 

President’s Clinton's personal lawyer, Robert Bennett, said 
Sunday that Mr. Clinton “is not going to apologize," one of the 
conditions for an out-of-coon settlement established by Joseph 
Cammarata, a lawyer for Ms. Jones, Reuters repotted. “And if 
she insists on a trial, we'll have a trial,’ ’ Mr. Bennett stud. 

Mr. Cammarata said that any settlement offer would need 
to include “some sort of an apology," an affirmation of the 
truthfulness of Ms. Jones's account of what happened be- 
tween her and Mr. Clinton and a statement exonerating her of 
any wrongdoing. “She’s entitled to some compensation, " he 





WASHINGTON — The moment surely was one for the 
ages: A television correspondent stood solemnly, the White 
House in tiie background, and speculated on the possibility 
that die president of the United States might some day have to 
submit to a genital examination now that the Supreme Court 
had allowed a civil lawsuit to go forward charging him with 
crude and lustful behavior. 

Here was non tabloid network news alluding to the private 
parts of the commander in chief. Whatever happened to the 
Puritanical scrim once thought to filter oat tiie seamier details 
from the drama of American political life? 

If nothing else, it may be time to consider updating the 
Breach historian Alexis deTocqjuevilic. who firmly concluded 
150 years ago. when the formative American soul defined tiie 
land: “Although tbe travelers who have visited North Amer- 
ica differ on many points, they all agree in repricing that 
morals axe far more strict there than elsewhere." 

If de Tocqueville needs revising, it may be in degree more 
than as an absolute. The New World is not yet at that Gallic 
point reach ed after the death of President Francois Mitterrand 
fast year, when a state funeral featured a wife and mistress in 
the sharing of official grief. And yet, last week the 
United States brushed aside Mr. Clinton’s mission of global 
statecraft for the greater news that Paula Jones is to have her 
day in court sooner rather than later, 

la hs unanimous r uling , the court found that, notwith- 
standing “the high respect that is owed to the office of the chief 
executive.” Mr. Clinton could not delay Ms. Jones's sexual 
harassment suit until after his incumbency. The conit found no 
constitutional support for presidential immunity for alleged 
unofficial misconduct in the case, in which Mr. Clinton is 
accused of a vulgar propositioning of Ms. Jones in 1991 , while 
he was governor of Arkansas ana she was a state employee. 

The court ruled strictly on the civil rights issue of the suit, 
not its titillation value, which seemed considerable as a 
casc ad e- of jokes soon flooded tiie nation about the “9-zip 
decision’ * and other snickering notions. 

But privately, a discouraged administration worker con- 
ceded the fear that the ruling will likely ‘‘sap everything else 
the president does" at the White House. 

“It’s like a low-grade fever,” said Michael Beschloss, the 
historian who closely watches the modem White House, “ft’s 
true all tbe rumors of Gennifer Flowers and Paula Jones didn't 
keep Clinton from re-election, but I think they really do 
depress tbe amount of popularity and respect he deserves for 
his achievements." 

Plain respect, tbe historian emphasized, is quite a different 
value than the relative popularity Mr. Clinton enjoyed in his 
two elections as president 

Po lling data make tbe president's situation seem paradoxical. 
While he was twice elected even as allegations and rumors of 
philandering became politically commonplace, the public's 
measure of marital morality has been toughening. 

In 1973, 69.6 percent of adults said sex with someone other 
than one’s spouse was "always wrong." Twenty-one years 
later,. the same question drew stronger disapproval. 78 J 
percent according to the National Opinion Research Center. 

“If this court ruling had come a year ago, we could have 
been swamped," a Clinton adviser said about the re-election : 

• - . .3m" i jfe* 


fn fjrryyii f._ ■> 
-•!- A - ; 

•V ’Ml* 

■ I', . ** 

• MTV ‘Sr-ii,-: * /**.• 
T-rtcr.xesMt m 

• V' 

• 1T- 

•i- - --'ll 


Heavily armed bandits in Kenya killed one person and 
wounded dozens when they stopped vehicles and attacked 
travelers on the busy highway linking Nairobi with the Indian 
Ocean coastal city of Mombasa, tbe Sunday Nation newspaper 
reported. The bandits robbed passengers in some 50 buses and 
trucks. {AFP) 

A flock of falcons blocked a runway at the Cairo airport 
after they gathered around the remains of a falcon that had 
been killed by a a private plane. (AFP l 


GENEVE 1854 


The on !•/ Grand Hotel 
located in the heart ol 
Geneva's business 
and shopping center. 
Air conditioned. 

3 d, quai GeneraLGuison 
121 1 Geneva 3 
Tel.-Hl- 22 ) 31832 00 
Fax. Ml 22 ] 318 33 00 

Emaiuwww metropole.di 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government 
offices wul be closed or Ser- 
vices curtailed in the follow- 
ing countries this week be- 
cause of national and 
religious holidays: 

MONDAY ! Bolivia, Bhutan. 
Colombia. Ireland, Kenya, New Zea- 
land. Venezuela. 

TUESDAY: Uganda. 
WEDNESDAY: Ghana. Iran, 


THURSDAY : Denmark. 

Equal era! Guinea. Iran. Seychelles. 

FRIDAY: Bahama*. South 


SATURDAY: Malaysia, 


Sources: JJ*. Morgan. Reu- 
ters. Bloomberg. 












1457 DC 







1050 3 



5*J1 e 


040 PC 



18*4 pc 





It* 1 pc 

34.75 16*1 pc 





14*/ e 



a*B s 


•140 PC 



11 'S3 DC 


11*2 > 


1173 13/Si. pc 

2475 13*5 ' 



8 i 


11.52 7 

CoaaDWSm »71 

14*7 pc 




*'*a s 








1155 c 




7-44 5 

2 c*a 



11-53 ah 








1*56 pc 

3373 17.E2 c 



11.53 1 




17*2 » 


16*1 • 



14157 c 


1457 c 









Maso rca 






1061 I 



ures c 




12/53 rh 

a .71 



17.53 r 




1353 pc 




13155 c 









IT *2 



11*2 »h 






SI Peterctirra 16t! 








1253 eh 




H 61 







1457 1 

N75 1661 C 







13*6 Vi 


12-53 sn 

Middle East 

Forecast lor Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AocuWeather. 


J'Jr . * 



High LowW 




33*1 15*1 C 

31*8 19*1 C 

3Z*9 20*8 S 


32*9 2475 ah 

32*9 2*75 ah 


?ZV82 17*2 pc 

19*6 14*7 9fi 

■ " . 


31*8 3475 pc 

3MK 2475 pc 

■■ V ■ , 

38700 2878 b 

38700 2679 pc 


3H89 2271 oti 

32*9 2271 an 

• 1 ■ * 


2WB4 2*75 pc 

2984 3373 pc 


32*3 2678 Ml 

31*0 2577 c 


32*9 2373i 

Hong Kong 

23*4 ssm*> 

2984 24/75 c 

3wtoz avreee 

North America Europe 

Sunny, hoi and dry from Mostly cloudy and cool 
It* Stwihwow into tfie can- with showers over eastern 
tral and northern Plains Europe from Poland into 
Tuesday nto Thursday, but western Russia and south- 
cooler in ine Northwest ward to Turkey. Soaking 
and the northern Rockies rain Is Italy over the north- 
wrth snoware. Heavy rains am stapes of the Alps and 
ora Italy httie AppalacM- tn northern Spain. Mas ol 
^ Pwmsytvarva or Fiance and England wil be 
sotmtto Georgia and the pleasant with some sun 
western CoroHnas and iust a stray shower or 



Pleasant with some sun ta 
Tokyo Tuesday and 
Wednesday, but showers 
are taly Thursday, Breezy 
and cool m Seoul Tuesday 
with a shower, then warm- 
tag Mp with some sunshine. 
Malrtty dry and wanner In 
Beijing, Rain will soak 
parts of southeastern 
China, but IrxPa w *1 tie hot 
and dry. 

North America 








XVBB 21.T0s 
2170 tsv* 
lira l«S7 5 
saga swa t 

24.73 10.SQ , 
W104 l7.C2a 
«ltm rtvBa 5 

'tom a 

i475 I aw S 

WI ir« 2 » 
:n<sa ia*sc 
ana tass* 

4I.1S6 iws 
■WltH 22/71 « 





D aw 



Lb* Angles 



Men ubvw 

ew ar 

16.51 »46 c 

2£7V 16*1 1 
16*1 10/50 ’ 
21-70 12,53 c 
awe 16*4 E 
»70 1253 W! 
22771 14*71 
3U88 2V71 1 
X/» 19/66 I 
2S.7S 1GC1 S 
■»W 24.7S pc. 

Mpi LawW 

cr ar 

16 /BI 7/44 pc 

237? 17/621 
16*4 11*2 i 
3.77 T2S3BC 
31*6 16*4 pc 
27*0 12/53 pc 
2373 12*396 
32*6 2475 pc 
31*8 t(K6 pc 
2004 16*1 pc 
32/89 2373 sn 










28*4 1*57 b 

2271 1050 pe 
31*8 24/76 I 
22/71 14*7 f 
31*6 £0*8 pc 
42/107 24/75 1 
23/73 14*7 pc 
1068 1366 Hi 
1664 1 1/52 r 
16*1 13*0 r 
24/75 16*4 > 





an 3 



am pc 
1*57 r 
WW pc 

24/75 ■ 

1365 pc 

*46 r 


f * 3CU * f Hhmdwtanm, r-n*t,rfsnow Rtaes. 



2373 * 


2678 pc 

33*1 2679 pc 



2271 pc 

31*8 2271 pc 



2170 pa 

31*9 20*0 pc 



2373 pc 

32*9 2373 DC 


41/1 OS 26*2 pc 39 /ICE 2882 pc 


2373 r 

31*8 2271 i 


32/09 3*75 an 

32/80 2*75 e/l 


SS 475 «/i 

3289 2475 10 

9 eoJ 


9/49 pc 

2170 12153 pc 


18*4 s 

2 S 77 16*4 c 

32*9 2170 pc 

31*0 2170 pc 




30*6 2475 * 



2373 IMS* 


3089 2878 ah 

31*8 2577 1 





2678 14/57 4 



7/44 B 

IMS 8/46 pc 



1566 s 

2475 14/57 4 



13*5 c 

31*6 131 ® « 


2271 ril 

28*2 Z 27 I f 



12*3 pc 

ffl 78 12 S 3 pe 




2978 14(51 » 

Latin America 



1 1*2 C 

> 17*2 6/49 C 


31*8 2475 c 

31*6 Z &7 7 c 



10*1 pc 

2271 18/51 pc 




24/75 1263 K 

»oosJ»iil» 2170 i 4 A> 7 pc 

Zm 14 S 7 pe 



7/44 c 

1156 4*9 r 



13/55 r 

15/99 IW 8 c 



10*0 pc 

16*4 1050 pc 

• >.... • As.* 

. J- ,'i-, ,-C V,. J 4 

• 1 • r=- -f^TW 

- ; 

■’ •. \r. -V 

r ' i -V': 

' ” - T J ./ ’ 19 

• * i ^ 

' - 

■ ~~ Irv_ ■ 3M0. 

■ • i- Z- ’.-Ir.fcl-. Upon* 

-■ ‘ - 

~ — rz e-v* 

f.- ■ - V: rh 


* M-f 


/•i-rii's; y 
-.rr-. it. 


Nowhere in the world has an 
Airport Duty Free given out so much CASH 

and still counting. 

At Abu Dhabi and At Ain Aliports, we ^va you the chance to win a fbrtuna - 

. evwytime you fty- With a raffle Smiled to Jusl 1200 entries and a Jackpot of 

9 approximately $138,000 per sfraw, your chances of winning am big indeed! i f A HU 

So fty through Abu Dhabi or A1 Ain and say hello to the Ho times. IN 

f Abu Dhabi 

Airport Duty Free 

Airport Durr Free 

Imprint* pur Offpnru. ?.t rue dr f Evjnetlr. 7&UK Porn 

V-'* t 





TH * MOlil 





Union's Tr (lvr Eey to Election Victory in Canada 

^ IbSeize a Majority in Parliament, a Iferty Most Take Ontario 

H) X 

iSKI VCTU: \ . - TN-. - . 
AiffrVnbii — ■ 

! if. Sse 4iti . -y. . 

rpsr^lfs ^^tVjir. 1 i,/. • 
iWhsak curar:^-: ... „ 

t *>Vn££34&»owt ,>r.« . 

if tjfc*. ♦.» tJUttaifeJrt i “ -.ui:’ 

*- « 7" ft rtxc -r- -■ 

wr;’>£ i*W*. rv :-• 

-jc. t.\„ . . 
*r-r aqgi; . * tj*n Ov r; „■...- < 


if.r ,».. •'••WT-V is-irt:-. . 

*rf^ . . ." 


mg #&***&■_ I fir Sr* •*. 

.■Mfcfarv -usm 'i* -l-'.i*.: 

EMariie:.-.* tisii ts-a-: . ' ' ... 

ms Ati-Jtf .:i 

*1^ lewises' V . 

JUSa^.- :- •*-• . _.; _ 

.-rtarf WKttT.V! 
r * jis!«r. :.v . . - 

A "the &afw>iv%. : . .- 


=<art< h»> ^ r ; 

.a*Mi i sajppor* _- ..." 

«ti •■:-• . 

. t4 a r*,iRZ «V- • ■,; 

j.«r«7-.jl4iu- -.•■=•-• 

■iirft J vwu ’.I. -r. . r: ■ 


.■of’jv'Aei Jcca'. »Y-“ .: .- 

«OV#fc.-:» r j rc ...:•. 

w !>** 'Kt* rr«i 

teVin' •:>.**" jt'rfi- Vh . 1 

^r Mk-Kfxfe • 

T -1~ i-'iTty' :'«• • ; - 

'*** 'Sif.l-:--. r*if,ic.r :■ .» . . ;., 
rtioe fe-*i,n.z-.Tr. . - 

a«c air- :un -J .- . 

*T^riy r*- 

rcr-rrv*. :?i? Zi. A- 

IC: 5ir wi^r'v* . ’ *• 

k 'Z&i • ' -«.•■' ;. r Tr i—.: 

•• i' ^ Jf ” £■ >»’■.. 

ftrfVi'ai/ p^'-lr y.. : . 

2* W*- £ T-'.fZTJvrjL'. :x- ■ 

>5 . • 

' - 1 - *'‘* i • • - 
? tfr.-w . 

«idr«wq|.to 4ar ■ . 

fe^C«b£! '■ i r C?usu» rs.T.. -r 

ft ’• ... 

kG.i**.?** •? fi: jJt.a -. 
ft ? -'Vv .7 •?.;.: Jv,-*.-. • 

: » M v.'* Y£ii* p.’jjV* o • . ■ 
4^,- g , ^,-5 ufc'-v; . 
V» r ^-5i*u .w -vX r.---,r TliC. 

4 f- , .W.-V>« v’ :.rj.* T •.. .:t. -«r.- -—. - 

,5*r 'Jn*^ r.-w. 

••:«**■<. *>* yVjv.c ;*-... 

«-. r.-^ : -. . 

■ . 

• JMftr f !7*2*£ . Ij-J 

-•iftjsv. £?.fzZ iic ».*J...- 

J,— ••' 

*•*3^-' :*.?■- >_ • 

fe^i&vssir* ": 

*«a*K4»’ ‘ 

fw® Pit -n f r n • i j 1. 1 . 

flF*. r ,/jiV:^: ^ • .«■ 

t > , Ta S nX r-. -V 

•iff t»h -. : - - ••••; - _•:.. • 
i.j'so^-jy. . -.- 
ct» ;i mV. »;■' »■■ . 

Wya*y t r;, -.*•... t -- 
‘^*^•.*>1^1 _->. £.r.-l . 

# v V ivr. 

(Vfc 'w>.-.:' _ _•. 

'* — ■ '••» » * 

E" Vj 4 tSU 

V > ■• -■ « 


* ‘ a 

■vr* T :7* •.: 

i dix" 8 1 

.-*h ■ - 

l7 fcatr. 

By Howard Schneider 

Was hin gton P ost Service 


TORONTO — Id constructinj 

unevenly pop- 

paigns for this large bui i 
ulated country, Canadis 

enly . 

ian politicians 
must appear to treat all provinces 
equally — never, for example, ignoring 
vote-poor areas like Prince Edward Is- 
land far fear of aggravating already pro- 
found regional jealousies. 

So where did Prime Minister Jean 
Chretien focus the endgame of his cam- 
j? In Ontario. 

in 1993. Reform finished second, some- 
times closely so, in more than SO 
Ontario districts, and garnered more 
than a million votes across the province. 
In Canada's winner-take-all system, the 
challenge facing die right wing is to 
avoid a split among conservative voters 
between Reform and the Progressive 
Conservatives, and to consolidate in a 
way to challenge the Liberals. 

The results will have ramifications 
beyond the mere choice of a prime min- 
ister. Mr. Manning of the Reform Party, 
for example, contends that Canada's 
regional discord, whether manifested by 


And Jean Charest, leader of the Pro- _ 

gressive Conservative Party? Ontario. French separatism in Quebec or feelings 
Ditto for the head of the Reform of isolation in the west, will not be 
Party, Preston Manning, and, to a lesser resolved until Ontario opts for 
extent, Alexa McDonough, leader of the something other than the * ‘status quo 

i: a, t :i i • i, . 

New Democratic Party. 

With parliamentary elections set for 
Monday, they all passed through for the 
final act, acknowledging that while 
Canada is, on paper, a federation of 10 
provinces, Ontario is first among equals 
when it comes to electing a government. 
Relatively dense, developed and home 
to roughly one-third of Canada’s 29 mil- 
lion people, it carries a weight far greater 
dun that of any state in U.S. elections. 

To win a majority in Parliament, a 
party must win here; win big, and it can 
assemble a majority with only modest 
support elsewhere. 

That, in fact, is what polls indicate may 
happen to Mr. Chretien and his Liberal 
Party in this campaign. Beset in the west, 
struggling in the east. Mr. Chretien's 
party is expected to cling to power by 
dominating Ontario. The province has 
103 of the country's 301 seats in Par- 
liament, and the Liberal Party is pro- 
jected to win 95 or more of them. They 
woo 97 seats from Ontario in 1993, when 
Mr. Chretien became prime minister. 

Indeed, if the Liberals do not achieve 
their expected near-sweep here, it could 
force them to form a minority gov- 
ernment, and perhaps call another elec- 
tion if that proves unworkable. 

One must make a base in Ontario if 
one hopes to govern Canada, said Line 
Maheux, a Reform spokeswoman. 

The stakes are just as high for the other 
parties. With little chance of forming the 
next government, they at least want 

federalism" of the Liberal and Pro- 
gressive Conservative parties. 

Politics bere is still dominated by the 
founding facts of the country, and by 
Ontario's central status as the seat of 
English Canadian history and influence. 
Where regional complaints are stoking 
opposition elsewhere, Ontarians take a 
more broadly national view and see 

little to complain about in the Liberal's 
deficit-cutting economic policies or 
moderate line on Quebec, said Graham 
White, a political scientist at the Uni- 
versity of Toronto and an expert on 
Ontario politics. 

"Because of its size and wealth and 
literally central position, people in 
Ontario tend to have a more national 
view,-’ ’ he said. ‘ ‘It is a certain, imperial. 
Can ada-is-Ontario-ex tended point of 

And little wonder. Canada has worked 
well for Ontario, the province that boasts 
the country’s most diversified economy 
and, because of its size, the most re- 
silience to the types of pressures that 
influence politics in the otter provinces. 

Even die contentious question of 
Quebec separatism has a different hue in 
Ontario, framed by the two neighbors’ 
partnership as Upper and Lower Canada 
in colonial times. Many French and 
English Quebeckers have migrated to 
Ontario, and there is, generally, less 
anxiety over accommodating French 
Canada's concern over its future in 
North America. 


Kmft t Jiinrand/nt* 1 Wnilnl Hrr— 

Prime Minister Jean Chretien at a final campaign rally in Toronto. 

next gc 

place status as the opposition. 

The Progressive Conservatives of 
Mr. Charest were decimated in 1993. 
They won only two seats, not even 
enough to earn official party status in 
Parliament. They may again be headed 
for only token representation, centered 
in Quebec and me eastern provinces, 
absent a resurgence in Ontario. 

The once-mfluential New Demo- 
crats, a product of Canada's left-leaning 
prairie populism, is similarly margin- 
alized around a base in Saskatchewan. 

And as die voice of western discon- 
tent in Alberta and British Columbia, 
die Reform Party likewise cannot claim 
anything other than regional status un- 
less it breaks through in Ontario. Much 
of Reform's campaign has been de- 
signed around that reality, as the party 
toes to sell its recipe of tax cuts, gov- 
ernment decenrializarion and a hard line 
on Quebec separation to suburban and 
rural voters throughout the province. 

To farmers and country dwellers 
sprinkled around Ontario’s vast land- 
scape, Reform has emphasized its op- 
position to gun control. In the so-called 
903 belt, the area code for Toronto’s 
suburban sprawl. Reform has courted 
the hundreds of thousands of apartment 
and subdivision dwellers with promises 
to get tough on crime, cut taxes and not 
combs Quebec separatists. 

The party’s message nearly worked 

Crusade for Clean Air Standards 

WASHINGTON — Major industry groups are protest- 
ing, senior members of Congress are complaining and the 
White House economic advisers are balking. But Carol 
Browner, the head of the Environmental Protection 
Agency, continues to defend doggedly the agency's pro- 
posal to toughen air-quality standards. 

Ms. Browner insists that the current standards do not 
adequately protect the public from the effects of breathing 
soot and smog. 

Toughening the standards, as the agency proposed in 
November, would put hundreds of comities out of com- 
pliance with the Clean Air Act and force states to impose 
costly controls on emissions of ozone and fine chemical 
particles, mostly caused by burning fuels. 

A final ride has to be issued in July, and as the En- 
vironmental Protection Agency prepares its ultimate rec- 
ommendation, an intense debate over the best course to take 
is roiling die Clinton administration. 

While Ms. Browner has staunchly defended the pro- 
posed rule, the White House has maintained almost total 

There are Republicans and Democrats on both sides of 
the issue, and major geographical fault lines as well, with 
northeastern states favoring tougher standards and Mid- 
western ones tending to resist them. 

The decision is especially significant because Vice Pres- 
ident A1 Gore will play a major role — probably die 
decisive one — in deciding whether to back up Ms. 
Browner, who has long been a close associate. Mr. Gore's 
actions could well affect how enthusiastically environ- 
mentalists support his presidential effort in 2000. 

But environmentalists said they were worried that the 

White House would overrule Ms. Browner and weaken the 
proposed rule. (NYT) 

Texas Governor’s Tax Plan Fails 

AUSTIN, Texas — When Governor George W. Bush 
proposed a sweeping restructuring of the unwieldy tax code 
in Texas earlier this year, he pledged to spare no effort to get 
his bill enacted. "I've got a lot of capital to spend." he said, 
"and I’m going to spend every dime of it" 

But with the legislative session here winding down over 
the weekend, Mr. Bush's big plan has been killed, a stinging 
defeat that is the first big setback of hi$ gubernatorial term 
and also denies him what was widely seen as a possible 
signature accomplishment if he makes a run for the pres- 
idency in 2000. Mr. Bush’s plan would have given 
homeowners here a $3 billion a year cut in local property 
taxes, paid in part by increases in other sate taxes. 

While the bill amounted to a tax reduction, it appeared to 
violate Mr. Bush's campaign pledge to oppose legislation 
increasing the state sales tax. His bill would have increased 
the tax, now at 6.25 percent, to 6.7S percent. (NYT) 

Quote/ Unquote 

President Bill Clinton, using commencement exercises 
at the U.S. Military Academy to begin his domestic lob- 
bying effort on behalf of die extension of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization into Eastern Europe: ' ‘The bottom line 
to me is clear: Expanding NATO will enhance our security. 
It is the right thing to do. We must not fail history's 
challenge at this moment to build a Europe peaceful, 
democratic and undivided that will avoid repeating the 
darkest moments of the 20th century.' * (WP) 

Jury Out for 3d Day 
In McVeigh Trial 

CiwipUn/K Our Staff Fnn Diipulchn 

DENVER — Jurors returned ro court 
Sunday for a third day of deliberations 
in the Oklahoma City bombing trial as 
tensions mounted among victims' rela- 
tives, many of who had traveled here for 
the trial. 

Before starting deliberations on 
Sunday, the sequestered panelists had 
been behind closed doors for 13^ hours 
since Friday. Court officials said it had 
not been decided whether the jury 
would deliberate the entire day 

The seven-man, five-woman jury is 
considering the fate of Timothy Mc- 
Veigh. the 29-year-old Gulf War vet- 
eran charged with murder and conspir- 
acy in the bombing on April 19, 1995, 
that killed 168 people. 

"The wait is easy compared to what 
I've gone through to get to this point," 
said Paul Heath, who was working on 
the fifth floor of the Alfred P. Murrah 
Federal Building when a 4.000-pound 
(1,800-kilogram) truck bomb exploded 

Mr. McVeigh’s lead attorney. Steph- 
en Jones, said that it was "a victory for 
the system that the jury is carefully 
studying the evidence and weighing the 
important decisions they have to 
make." (AP. WP) 

tng vote on ex- 
tension of C hina ’s preferential U.S. 

Tacitly, U.S. Acknowledges Danger of Air Bags 

By David B. Ottaway 
and Warren Brown 

Washing ion Post Service 

WASHINGTON — After a 30-year 
battle to require the installation of air 
bags in every new car and truck sold in 
the United States, die technology in- 
tended to protect passengers and drivers 
in the severest accidents has suffered the 
equivalent of a head-on collision. 

In the next few weeks the U.S. gov- 
ernment is expected to give vehicle 
owners the option of deactivating their 
air bags, an acknowledgment that the 
long-promoted safety device is itself a 


itential menace. Air bags already have 
een installed in 60 million American 
cars and will be required features on all 
new U.S. autos beginning this fall. 

The government’s decision to let con- 
sumers decide whether to risk air bag 
injuries follows three decades of painful 
lessons learned at die expense of Amer- 
ican motorists. 

For years, as the toll of air bag deaths 
and injuries climbed, no action was 
taken mid no warnings were issued — a 
record that calls into question the good 
faith efforts of safety advocates and 
carmakers and the government's com- 
petence as a guardian of public safety. 

The National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration contends that air bags 
have saved 1,900 lives in the last II 
years. But there is a growing consensus 
that the device approved by safety reg- 
ulators is also badly flawed. Deploying 
at speeds of up to 200 miles an hour (320 
kilometers an hour), the bags have in- 
flicted injury and death on the most 
vulnerable drivers and passengers, even 
in low-speed crashes. 

Many of the 39 children whose deaths 
the National Highway Traffic Safety 
Administration attributes to air bag de- 
ployments died in crashes of less than 
15 miles an hour, air bag accidents also 

have killed 27 adults, mostly small 
women or frail and elderly victims, fed- 
eral statistics show. Moreover, the Na- 
tional Highway Traffic Safety Admin- 
istration recorded more than 300,000 air 
bag-related injuries in 1995 alone. 

Motorists now face a dilemma. They 
may rely on air bags, despite the grim 
conclusion of safety experts that the bags 
now kill more children under 12 than they 
save and pose substantial risks to certain 
drivers. Or, as more than 20,000 con- 
sumers already lave requested, they can 
spend up to S300 to have the bags dis- 
connected while federal regulators pon- 
der what further actions ro take. 

Seize on U.S. 
Report of Iran 
Sales by China 

By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The State De- 
partment has officially informed Con- 
gress that the Chinese government has 
sold to Iran cruise missiles that enhance 
Iran's ability to disrupt Gulf shipping 
and challenge U.S. forces there. 

The information is contained in an 
unclassified 25-page set of responses to 
questions presented to Secretary of 
Sate Madeleine Albright in February 
by Represented ve Gerald Solomon, Re- 
publican of New York. 

For the most pan, the cautiously 
worded documenr does little more than 
cor Firm what has been widely reported 
about China's weapons sales to Iran and 
Iran's efforts to develop ballistic mis- 
siles and chemical and biological 
weapons. The report was designed to 
produce as little news as possible, ac- 
cording to a Sate Department official 
who participated in preparing it. 

Nevertheless, congressional Repub- 
lican staff members welcomed it as an- 
other weapon to use in their effort to 
bludgeon the Clinton administration in- 
to imposing new sanctions on China and 
to influence the upcoming 
la’s prefer 

trade status. 

The report says it is ‘ *a matter of public 
record that China has transferred a num- 
ber of C-802 ship-based anti-ship cruise 
missiles to Iran." It continued, "These 
missiles are roughly the equivalent of the 
French Exocet missile that Iraq used in 
1987 to attack the frigate USS Stark in 
the Gulf, killing 37 Americans." 

Asked about U.S. Navy intelligence 
reports that China has also supplied Iran 
with a land-based version of the C-802, 
which would be more difficult to detect. 
Mrs. Albright responded that China 
"has advertised" a land-based missile 
but declined to go further in an un- 
classified paper. Congressional Repub- 
lican analysts said they took that as 

A week ago, the administration im- 
posed economic sanctions on two 
Chinese companies found by U.S. in- 
telligence analysts to have sold Iran 
chemicals ana chemical processing 
technology that enhanced Iran's effort 
to develop nerve gas weapons. Those 
companies are privately owned. 

The missile sales are a different story, 
according to Mrs. Albright's answers to 
Mr. Solomon. A “ministry-level cor- 
poration" known as China Precision 
Machinery Import-Export Corp.. or Cp- 
miec, is the "logical originator" of the 
missile sales, the paper said. 

That answer only states the obvious, a 
Sate Department official said. In China, 
as in many countries. Communist ornot, 
weapons are manufactured and sold by 
state-owned firms, he said. While chem- 
icals could be produced and exported 
without government complicity, he 
said, missiles could not 

Cpmiec is the same company sanc- 
tioned twice by the United States for 
supplying M-l 1 missiles to Pakistan. 

The cruise missiles sold to Iran are 
considerably smaller and clearly do not 
meet the sanctions threshold of the mis- 
sile control agreement U.S. officials 
said. But Republican analysts said they 
should trigger sanctions anyway under a 
separate U.S. law aimed at blocking sales 
that destabilize countries or regions. 



There’s Always Tomorrow 
Or the Month After That 

If James Thurber’s defense of the 
ator — “It is better to have 
and lost than never to have 
baled at all" — rings true to you, 
you're hardly alone. An estimated one 
adult in 5 revels in delay.. But don't 
feel too content in knowing you have 

A new study of procrastination ami 
health shows that dawdling most def- 
initely has a downside, reports Dis- 
cover magazine. Dianne Tice, who 
teaches psychology at Case Western 
Rosve University in Cleveland, 
tested more than 100 college students. 
Ai the beginning of the semester, they 
were told that if they could not meet the 
deadline for a required fenn paper, they 
could have an automatic extension. 

Students who were found by a sep- 
. wn^isscssment to be procrastinators 
Lmx only turned their term papers in 
h*r, they received significantly 

- There was sane good news for 
Mottygiggere. When the first deadline 
who met k showed mild 
*®asof stress &ad ill health, while the 
were meqjoysig life. 
L Brn wften the date of die extension 
ttMrtd, die dawdlers' stress levels 
wood fed they began to report more 

headaches, stomach aches and colds. 

Why, then, do people procrastinate? 
It boils down to fear, reports Ms. Tice 
— fear of failure, but also, paradox- 
ically, of success. Success tends to 
raise other people's expectations, she 
said, which can be highly stressfuL By 
delaying to thelast minute, the dawdler 
offers himself a built-in excuse. 

Short Takes 

Hundreds dressed in the Union 
bines of the Civil War camped along 
the Charles River in Boston this week- 
end to honor the 54th Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry, the all-black re- 
giment that found fame in die movie 
“Glory." The “re-enactofs" were 
marking the 100th anniversary of the 
unveiling of a monument, on the edge 
of the Boston Common, honoring the 
regiment and its white commander, 
Robert Gould Shaw. 

The unit’s gallantry silenced war- 
time critics who said blacks could not 
fight. Colin Powell has credited the 
unit with creating the conditions that 
allowed him to become the first black 
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Saff. 

America’s newest national park 
doesn't have towering forests, majest- 
ic rock formations or mountain lakes 
— just 

National Preserve in the Hint Hills of 
central Kansas was dedicated this 
weekend — "the most beautiful land 
in the world,*' in the words of a former 
senator from the state, Nancy Kasse- 
baum Baker. 

Tallerass prairie once stretched 
from Ohio go the Rocky Mountains 

and from Canada to Texas. Less than 1 
percent of that prairie remains, much 
of it in the Flint Hills, where it is used 
largely for cattle grazing. 

When two masked carjackers 
forced Bessie Cassaro, 64, into the 
trunk of her car in Manhattan not long 
ago, she didn’t lose her composure. 
Instead, she went to work discon- 
necting the wires to the brake lights 
and turn signals. 

When the car passed through the 
village of Larchmont. 15 miles (24 
kilometers) to the northeast, a police 
officer noticed that the lights were out 
and tried to stop the car. After a chase, 
it crashed into a tree. The carjackers 
fled on foot and two suspects were 
attested nearby. Meanwhile, a police 
officer, hearing banging from the 
trunk, freed Ms. Cassaro. 

Whereupon she patted herself, 
quite fittingly, on the back. "Aren't I 
a doll?” she asked. "I did a lot of 
good things, really used my head." 
The police agreed. 

Janitors preparing an apartment 
for new renters in Largo, Florida, 
threw away the ashes of a dead wom- 
an. “My husband went through four 
dumpsters but couldn't find the 
ashes," said Kimberly Main, whose 
mother, June Wilhehn, died last year. 
“Now, I’ve lost my mother for the 
second tune." 

The clean-up crew apparently was 
sent in a week before the family's 
lease ran out. The family had intended 
to scatter Mrs. Wilhelm's ashes at the 
Grand Cany on, a place she had always 
warned to visit. 

International Herald Tribune 

Away From 

The widow of Malcolm X, 
the black nationalist leader, 
was badly burned over most 
of her body in a suspicious 
fire in her apartment in 
Yonkers, New York. Betty 
Shabazz, 63, suffered third- 
degree bums over 80 percent 
of her body, said the police, 
who are treating the incident 
as a crime. (AP) 

The U.S. crime rate fell in 
1996 for the fifth year in a 
row, as murders dropped 1 1 
percent from the 21,600 
killings in 1995 and violent 
crimes showed the biggest 
decline since 1961. the FBI 
reported. (Reuters) 

A navy two-star admiral and 
the array’s top civilian lawyer 
are under investigation for 
sexual harassment. The navy 
relieved Rear Admiral R.M. 
Mitchell Jr. of his duties in 
Pennsylvania, as commander 
of the navy’s supply system 
and its more than 10.000 em- 
ployees. The Defense Depart- 
ment's inspector-general is 
investigating allegations 
against the army general 
counsel William Coleman 
3d. (WP) 

Fierce rainstorms and tor- 
nadoes pounded Oregon, 

Idaho and Washington, caus- 
ing widespread damage but 
no injuries. The National 
Weather Service said tor- 
nadoes were reported near 
Tacoma and Vancouver, 
Salem, Oregon, and Camas, 
Idaho. A record 1 .4 ] inches of 
rain fell at Seattle -Tacoma In- 
ternational Airport in a 24- 
hour period. (AP) 

A review panel studying the 
U.S. Naval Academy has de- 
termined that a series of trou- 
bling scandals cannot be 
traced to a single "systemic 
flaw" at the Annapolis, 
Maryland, military college. 
Herbert Hetu. spokesman for 
the 20-member panel, said the 
group saw little connection 
between separate incidents 
over six months last year in 
which midshipmen were ar- 
rested on charges of drug use. 
sexual assault, child molesta- 
tion and participation in a cor 
theft ring. (WP) 

Abu PM 



every Saturday in the IHT. 

THE miKLi rrf »V IV M’-WSP.\1 , KH 

To our 
readers in 

It’s never been 
easier to subscribe 
and save 
with our new 
toll free service. 
Just call us 
today at 

0 800437437 




Old Navttimer 

P.O. Box 1132 


Tel: 41 32 / 654 54 54 
Fax.: 41 32 / 654 54 00 



fating for Burma, ASEAN Aims at Unity in Its Region 

By Michael Richardson 

ffllrriunoRof HcrM Tribune 

SINGAPORE — By deciding to ad- 
mit Burma as a member next mooch, 
ASEAN has sent a sharp reminder to the 
United States and Europe that it will not 
yield to foreign pressure over human 
rights issues, analysts said Sunday. 

But they also said that ASEAN, the 
'Associatipn of South Easr Asian Na- 
tions. had made its decision in a broader 
strategic context: to create a politically 
united Southeast Asia for the first time 
and prevent Burma from becoming too 
' dependent on China. 

“Obviously, the pressure on ASEAN 
from the U.S. not to admit Burma at this 
stage was counterproductive.’' said Ral- 
ph Cossa, executive director of the Pa- 
cific Forum CSIS. a Honolulu -based for- 
eign policy research institute affiliated 
with the Center for Strategic and In- 
ternational Studies in Washington. “But 
ASEAN was really driven by the dream 
of uniting Southeast Asia and. probably, 
even more important, by warning to 
‘ counter Chinese influence in Burma." 
China is Burma's chief arms supplier 
and a major source of aid and trade. 

The close ties berween Beijing and 
Rangoon were underscored Friday when 

official Burmese news media reported 
thai a broad economic and trade co- 
operation agreement had been signed 
with China. Hie move came only days 
after the United States imposed sanc- 
tions on Burma. 

In Kuala Lumpur on Saturday, 
ASEAN foreign ministers decided to 
admit Burma, Cambodia and Laos as 
members when the group holds its an- 
nual meeting on July 24 and 25. 

“It was unanimous," said Abdullah 
Badawi. the Malaysian foreigD minister, 
referring to the decision on admission. 
“There were no reservations on the part 
of any ASEAN member.” 

ASEAN members are Brunei, Indone- 

in Rangoon improved its human rights Burma, citing increased political abuses 
record and eased political repression. in the country and its continued pro- 
Anaiysis said the decision to admit duction of opium and heroin, much of 
Burma at the July meeting ■ was par- . which is smuggled to the West. 

ticulariy embarrassing for Madeleine 
Albright, the U.S. secretary of stare, who 
recently told a congressional panel in 
Washington that she bad written to vari- 
ous ASEAN leaders to persuade them to 
delay Burma’s entry. 

Mrs. Albright, and her counterparts 
from the EU, Japan, Canada, Australia 
and New Zealand, all of which have 
expressed distaste for the Burmese mil- 
itary regime, are scheduled to meet the 

Japan had also expressed concern that 
Burma’s early membership could be 
seen as supporting the Burmese military 
government, which recently detained 

tensity moves toward a fiee-m^rtecon- 

omy and gradual democratic reform. 

ASEAN countries are among the 
leading sources of foreign investment 
and trade for Burma. * ' 

“Isolation during the Cold War only 
.nflffr Burma poorer and more autocrat- 
ic,” said Dewi Fortuna A»twt;_aje- 

more than 300 members of the country’s gionalanalyaartolndOTesianl^^® 

democratic opposition to prevent them 
from meeting. 

. In an usually forthright comment 
Wednesday, Ryutaro Hastrimow, Ja- 
pan’s prime minis ter, said Tokyo would 
“not Eke Burma’s entry to be seen as a 

of Sciences' in Jakarta. “Having Burma 
on die inside will give ASEAN, ana 
indirectly the West, mow m- 

1 uence and leverage in Rangoon. 
The annual meeting of ASEAN 


month macks the 30th anniversary of the 



Mr. Abdullah denied that ASEAN, by 

pardon for the military regime." 

isters, including the Burmese represen- Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the . 

sia, Malaysia, die Philippines, Singapore, tative. for talks in Kuala Lumpur next Peace Prize laureate who heads the op- deciding to admit Burma m was 
Thailand and Vietnam. Burma. Cambod- month, immediately after the annual position National League for Democ- sending a signal to me Umtea Mates ana 

a r i i , _ . «.i D... n,h«- >.niinrria( nnf tn interfere in ItS 

ia and Laos have observer status. 

At a summit meeting in Jakarta late last 
year. ASEAN heads of government de- 
cided dial the three observer countries 
should be admitted simultaneously. They 
did not say when, although it was widely 
expected to be in 1997. either in July at the 
annual ASEAN meeting or in December 
at the next ASEAN summit meeting, both 
of which are to be in Kuala Lumpur. 

The United Stares and the European 
Union had asked ASEAN to delay 
Burma's entry until the military regime 

meeting of the association. 

Mrs. Albright indicated dial the 
United Stares was considering tighten- 
ing its sanctions aimed at the military 
rulers of Burma. 

“They are genuinely immoral, brutal 
leaders who don't seem to care,’" 


told the congressional panel. “So, I 
think we need to look at how these 
sanctions are going to be carried out and 
the next steps.” 

The Clinton administration last month 
banned all new American investment in 

racy in Burma, said in a video interview 
made public Thursday that if Burma was 
admitted to ASEAN, it could make the 
country’s military rulers “even more 
obdurate and oppressive than ever.” 

ASEAN maintains that a country's do- 
mestic politics are not a criterion for 
United Nations membership and nor 
should they be for ASEAN membership. 

But ASEAN officials said that with 
Burma in the group, it would broaden 
channels of communication with Ran- 
goon and encourage the country to br- 

other countries not to interfere in its 

“We are not sending any signals to 
anyone.” he said. “We are just doing 
what is best for the region ana 

However. Ali Alaurs, the Indonesian 
foreign minister , indicated the strategic 
context of the decision when he said that 
with all 10 Southeast Asian countries in 
ASEAN, the region would be politically 
unified, and thus better equipped to 
maintain stability and security. 

Another Shift in Loyalties 
Foils Taleban’s Takeover 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Post Service 

MAZAR-I-SHARIF. Afghanistan — 
After a long day of meetings with new- 
found allies of the Taleban Islamic mi- 
litia. Foreign Minister Mohammed 
.Ghaus put on his dark sunglasses and 
met the international press inside the 
foreign office of what amounts to a 
minis tate here in northern Afghanistan. 

Mr. Ghaus was asked whether the 
fundamentalist Taleban regime in Ka- 
bul. dominated by ethnic Pash tuns from 
the south, would induct members of oth- 
er groups to make its government more 
! representative of a fractured nation. 

“AJi the ethnic groups together will 
1 make one government.’’ he replied. 

But even as Mr. Ghaus spoke last 
week, in another part of this provincial 
. capital ethnic Hazaras were engaged in 
.firefights with the Talebans Pashrun 
. soldiers. 

Within a couple of hours, ethnic Uzbek 
\ and Tajik soldiers loyal to the Talebans 
professed allies were sneaking along 
roofs and sidewalks behind the Pash tun 
• militiamen, firing grenades at them. 

In the overnight street battle that fol- 
lowed. a Taleban detachment of 3.000 
was forced from the city and Mr. Ghaus 
disappeared, suggesting that the foreign 
minister may have been captured or 
killed in the factional fighting. 

And so slipped away the' Taleban 's 
chance to unite Afghanistan under a 
central government of its own for the 
first time in two decades. 

.An incessant civil war since a decade- 
long occupation by the Soviet Army 
ended in 1989 has been sustained bv 

ethnic hatreds, tribal traditions that give 
Afghans a warrior spirit and foreign 
countries that have picked sides to fur- 
ther their own interests. 

With the help of Abdul Malik, the 
northern ministate's foreign minister un- 
til he defected two weeks ago from Ab- 
dul Rashid Dus ram. the ethnic Uzbek 
leader, the Taleban had for a few days 
gained control of about 90 percent of 

But Mr. Malik’s second turnabout has 
in recent days touched off attacks on the 
Taleban across northern and central re- 
gions. with fighting ranging within 64 
kilometers (40 miles! of Kabul. 

The Taleban has continued to rule the 
capital and about two-thirds of the coun- 

By imposing a stringent Sunni version 
of Islam, the Taleban has for three years 
tried to re-establish the hegemony of 
Pashtuns from southern Kandahar 
Province, who ruled the country through 
a monarchy for more than a century, 
ending in 1973. 

Afghanistan means “land of the 
Afghans.” another name for Pashtuns. 
who are renowned as a warrior race that 
w as never subdued by colonial Britain. 
They are Afghanistan's largest ethnic 
group, but not a majority, making up 
about 40 percent of its 21 million 

Smaller ethnic groups have chafed at 
ihe resumption of Pashrun rule — even if 
it has been imposed in the name of Islam, 
the religion of 99 percent of Afghans. 

The disastrous battle that abruptly 
ended Taleban rule in Mazar-i-Sharif 
began when militiamen tried to disarm 
ethnic Hazaras, predominantly Shiite 

Russia Signals 
A New Status 
With Japan 

By Mary Jordan 

Washington Post Service 

Z4mmddfa AbtWUhTOe Angdaud Pre* 

Afghan refugees piling onto a bus in an attempt to flee fighting north of 
Kabul. Opposition forces were attacking the Taleban militia, which 
holds a strategic town along the country's only north-south highway. 

Muslims who make up 19 percent of the 

population. “No Afghan will surrender 
his weap 

weapon to anyone," a northern com- 
mander observed. 

Though not the smallest group, Haz- 

A World of 

Master Siting Skills 

the Herald Tribune 

I" I ,Mj|- 

The ten chapters are Our Pcnplc 
Underfunding the Impact ut the Media 
Conicmiiny i»uh Violence around the Wurld 
Livrna m a World at War 
Stavinc Heal the around the World 

A World of Diversity is a collection of 50 multicultural 
readings drawn from the International Herald Tribune. 

Selected for students and others who want to perfect their 
writing skills in English, die book's varied articles offer an 
opportunity to explore important crosscultural issues, with 
questions and exercises designed to foster critical thinking and 
cultural awareness 

Chosen from the rich resources of the International Herald 
Tribune, the readings — drawn from news reports, editorials 
and feature stories — cover such themes as alterations in the 
worlds economy, changes in the Earth's environment, the rami- 
fications at technological advances, and the ravages of war 

The emphasis is always on the wealth of human diversity 
as well as on the common ground we share 

Coexisting with Mother Earth 
The Sporting Life 
Living in a Technological World 
Understanding the World Economy 
Fighting for Human Rights 

Each chapter includes. 

• Chapter Introduction providing context tor the key 

covered with sugucstinn>un h.nv to approach 
the readings 

• Selection Headnutes with ncc<s<arv context and 
Question*, io it insider lor each article. 

• Discussion LWnons to stimulate critical analysis 
tolknting each reading. 

• Writing A.'^nniems a' the end ot each reading and 
toliou ini' each chapter, with practice tn a variety of 
so les • interviews reports casual anahsh tic ' the 

assignments are an opportunity to explore issues raised 
in the text and to facilitate the individuals approach to 

A World OF Dtvesmr is an excellent tool for 
improving your English — and is a perfect gift for col- 
leagues. friends or family membere who are 
studving English as a foreign language. Order your 
Copies todav with the coupon below. 

R.’.uin *. i*:r i-riitT :n in:i?rv.!i,iru1 Herald Tnhunt- 

t,inbn t oJ L<.'iii!"'i >W>i "L'A England For taster service tax order to 144-131 ■ '444 824? 

E mail iujlhitd 1 ' htinir-nci com 

lie w. end ir>- curie- > ■* A 'll" OR!I> OF DtVERSm -u L1K.Q5 USi-u i' each, indudin* postage m Fitfu(*c 

AiMim >nj| (» i,i ane , .u,ul-, Lun.-j.ic Vu’li America Ll - n : Uvs- ~5 . rc<T ot world £2 95 1 US$4 7S : per oipy. 
f‘!ca< ‘(Hi is, up l<> ' ull-L, tor iMncrv 2-6-97 

Njmt — 


IJeri;.. _ 

Otv t'oi.nrr. — — . 

;*|‘ ok nr I." i-vJn uiti un'v. siurtx :r- nr. credit card 
( — 5 □ Aiiir« l — I L'lPvrs I Luiucard 

V_jr-J V . 

O MMlerCard 
Enp date — 




aras have had the lowest social status 
among Afghans. In October, the Taleban 
faced a similar armed revolt in several 
towns just north of Kabul by Persian- 
speaking Tajiks, who make up a quarter 
of the population and are the second- 
largest ethnic group after the Pashtuns. 
After withdrawing, Taleban planes 
bombed homes near those of suspected 
“mutineers” and then the militia re- 
located to Kabul the population of entire 
towns after the territory was recaptured 
in January. 

The Taleban is likely to take similar 
vengeance on Hazara neighborhoods in 
bombing raids on Mazar-i-Sharif that 
began Saturday, die same day that the 
disfigured bodies of a dozen Hazaras 
were found in a Kabul neighborhood. 

TOKYO — For die first time in al- 
most 1 00 years, a Russian destroyer will 
dock in Tokyo this month. The courtesy 
call is perhaps the most visible sign of 
die wanning relations . between two 
neighbors that have been feuding for 
most of this century. 

Japan and Russia have begun ex- 
changes of top defense officials and are 
even talking about a new aims trade. Last 
month. President Boris Yeltsin proposed 
an annual meeting between the leaders of 
the two countries, saying that “we have 
good relations with Japan now.” 

Foreign Minister Yukihiko Ikeda paid 
a visit to the Kremlin recently and 
pledged to assist and help accelerate 
Moscow's retraining of its soldiers in die 
Russian Far East for civilian jobs. Rus- 
sian officials then gave him more than 
100 personal items from Japanese who 
had been forced to work in Russia by 
Stalin after World War II. Hie Japanese 
passports, photographs and diaries had 
belonged to some of the more than half a 
million Japanese detained in Siberian 
labor camps after the war. 

“As you can imagine, this is an emo- 
tional issue,' ' atop Japanese official said 
in an interview last week. The turnover 
of the personal items from the dark post- 
war period, he said, “is a new signal that 
Russia is ready to go ahead” with better 

Three days after the first atomic bomb 
was dropped by Americans on Hiroshi- 
ma at the end of World War U, tbe Soviet 
Union entered the war against Japan. 
Soviet troops then took four islands near 
Japan, the Kurils, which Russian sol- 
diers still occupy. Stalin’s treatment of 
Japanese after the war, which led to tbe 
deaths of 55.000 Japanese laborers in 
Siberia, according to the Japanese, fur- 
ther strained Tokyo’s relationship with 

But now there are signsof a far friend- 
lier dialogue, and the much heralded 
arrival of the Russian ship Admiral 
Vinogradov is accompanied by accel- 
erating trade, which is expected to top $6 

Students in Seoul 

SEOUL — Militant students, 
brandishing iron pipes and etude 
firebombs, battled riot police in 
Seoul on Sunday as they demanded 
the resignation of P resid ent Kim 

As many as 10.000 students took 
to the streets, clashing with the po- 
lice at entrances to subway stations. 
Armored police shot volleys of tear 
gas in response. 

The student protest, the most vi- 
olent in almost a year, was set off by 
Mr. Kim’s refusal to bow to op- 
position demands and reveal how 
much he spent on his election cam- 
paign in 1992. ‘ 

Allegations that Mr. Kim grossly 
overspent in his campaign have sur- 
faced in the aftermath of a cor- 
ruption scandal. - (Reiners) 

Jakarta to Allow 
New Java fating 

JAKARTA — Indonesia will 
hold new elections at 121 polling 
stations, bowing to protests set off 
by allegations of vote-rigging after 
a landsfide victory by the governing 
Golkar party, reports said Sunday. 

The new polls will be held Tues- 
day at centers on Madura, an island 
in East Java, where riots erupted 
after general elections Thursday. 

Tbe move comes at the request of 
local election committees, said 
SuiyatnaSubrata, secretary-general 
of die National Election Institute, 
adding that voting in those districts 
had been disrupted by a “security 

With nearly 85 percent of the 
votes counted. GoUrar was leading 
with a 74 percent share. Final results 
are not expected before Thursday 
because of the remoteness of some 
stations. (AFP) 

China Presses US. 
On Trade Status 

BEIJING — China urged the 
United States on Sunday to grant it 
permanent most-favored-nation 
trading status, warning that any can- 
cellation would hurt Washington’s 
hopes of carving out a piece of the 
huge Chinese market 
The China Daily quoted the 
deputy foreign trade minister, Sun 
Zhenyu, as saying that Washington 
“should encourage bilateral made 
and investment by permanently set- 
tling die MFN issue.” 

President Bill Clinton last month 
that he would renew the trade status 
for China for another year, despite 
disputes' with Beijrng over issues 
such as human rights. But Congress 
is expected to fight to overturn Mr. 
Clinton’s decision. { Reuters J 

CHINA: Mainland Joyfully Anticipates Return of Lost Territory 

Continued from Page 1 

country. “We can’t allow co- 
lonialism anymore. Recover- 
ing Hong Kong is a time for 
our nation to rejoice." 

Asked what she thinks of 
Hong Kong itself, Mrs. Wang 
crinkled her nose in disgust: 
“It’s a bad place. Hong Kong 
people have poor morals and 
bad habits. All -that will be 
improved under Chinese 

China’s leaders have 
promised not to alter Hong 

Kong's capitalist and free- 
wheeling ways for at least 50 
years. Although buoyant 
stock and property markets 
there reflect general opti- 
mism about the transition. 

people accustomed to living 
under Beijing's ever-chan- 

ging policies find it bard to 

:lieve that the nation’s lead- 
ers will, or should, keep their 
hands off entirely. 

“Thai’s not really possi- 
ble.” said Chen Yuig, 35, a 
producer ai a Shanghai radio 
station, when asked about the 

C Rl VAT ID N., 

lFO| The Crans 

0 c 


2 = 

Montana Forum 

Switzerland - VIII yearly meeting 
1997, JUNE 26 to 29 

The Reconstruction of Beirut and Lebanon 

The Crans Montana Forum offers an exclusive business 
meeting at the highest level of economic decision makers 
around Mr Rafik Al-Hariri, Prime Minister of Lebanon and 
top Ministers of his Government All issues related to the 
reconstruction of Lebanon and its place in the regional 
co-operation will be studied: exchanges, foreign invest- 
ment. Incentives, energy. Infrastructures, financing, air- 
ports. telecom, tourism, transport, banking etc 
Th* Crans Montana Forum is the only Forum with a strict- 
ly limited access where you can really meet-govemmen- 
tal representatives, officials and decision makers from all 
over the World (including international Organisations!. 
Besides the traditional participation of Europe - Western, 
Central and Eastern - Central Asia and the South 
Mediterranean - more than 60 countries represented - 
the 1 9Q7 Fomm welcomes also top level delegations from 
Belarus, Egypt, Estonia, KIrghistan. Morocco. South 
Africa, Turkey, and Caucasus States (focus on transport & 
supply of energy! 

Information and R eg ist ra tion: 
phone (+4l 22) 791 70 40 
fax (+41 22) 791 70 4l 

50-year promise. “Condi- 
tions are always changing.” 

For months, Chinese au- 
thorities have been carrying 
out a major propaganda cam- 
paign about Hong Kong, of- 
fering a version of history in 
numerous television specials 
and long newspaper articles 
that mixes accurate accounts 
with selective memory. 

For instance, it is basically 
correct to say, as Chinese ac- 
counts do, that Hong Kong 
was obtained by Britain in an 
act of imperialistic conquest 
more than 150 years ago, after 
winning a war with China for 

among Chinese compatriots 
— many ordinary Chinese 

die right to import opium. It is 
also fair to call the three treat- 

ies establishing British rule 
over Hong Kong “unequal” 
because Britain forced 
China’s Mandiu rulers to ac- 
cept them under threat of mil- 

itary actiofi. 

ut the mainland’s current 
versions of history also give 
China credit for securing 
Hong Kong’s prosperity in 
the past 50 years, saying its 

own “stable and peaceful ap- 
proach" toward Hong Kong 

— not invading, essentially 

— was the critical factor in 
the colony’s development. 

Certainly, Britain’s free- 
trade policy in Hong Kong 
has been the'main factor in the 
colony’s success, even if liv- 
ing without invasion was a 

It is also only part of die 
story to argue, as many main- 
land accounts do. that Britain 
has robbed Hong Kong res- 
idents of their patriotic feel- 
ings for the motherland. Hie 
va« majority of Hong Kong 
residents are refugees, or their 
children, who fled China to 

betray a deeper mix of emo- 
tions about their southern 
cousins, combining condes- 
cension and envy. 

“When I see Hong Kong 
businessmen walking around 
with their fancy clothes and 
girlfriends, it makes me 
sick,” said Wang Zhiliang, a 
clothing store manager in 
Beijing. “They act like 
they’re better than us, but ac- 
tually, they’re not as good. 
They know little about 
Chinese culture-” 

Pan of this sentiment 
seems to stem from the Com- 
munist view that colonial Bri- 
tain polluted Hong Kong with 
capitalism and vice. 

■ Protest Vilifies China 

More than 3,500 protesters 
China, marched along the 
main street of Hong Kong on 
Sunday to commemorate 
Beijing's crackdown in 1989 
on student-led democracy 
campaigners. Reuters report- 
ed. They waved banners de- 
manding that China release 
jailed dissidents, and some 
bore a coffin on which was 
painted “the butcher govern- 
ment win remain notorious 
for a million years.’ ’ 

l ”, • 

'■ r 

• - 

• ■ •• 

. - £ ■retv >* Aftt 

A-v V 




y-L: • 

r. 7. 

* linMbi 

>!-• j 

. . .. r'Si /if? 

• ■ .t- " Vr* , '4n* 

- jri - •*&-,- 

■ ■ 1 -- - j 

• • V V .»*-*■?*» 

billion this year. Japan is also heavily 
invested in a monumental $25 billion 
project to extract oil and natural gas from 
Russia’s Sakhalin Island. Japan wants to 
wean itself from its dependence on 
Middle East oil, and is betting Russia 
can help it do just that. 

Many political analysts attribute the 
wanning ties to both Japan's and Rus- 
sia’s need to find more Asian friends as 
their concern over China increases. Oth- 
ers say Russia misses the Cold War days 
when it worried the United States and 
mattered more on the global stage; im- 
proving relations with Japan gives tbe 
United States something to think about 
Still others say Russia, wincing from 
NATO expansion to the West, is de- 
termined to assert itself in the East- 

Communist Party 


Chinese officials orches- 
trating the Hong Kong-re- 
lated programs readily admit 
that their intention is to build 
patriotism, which they see as 
bolstering popular support for 
the Communist Party. 

But beyond the propa- 
ganda — which also portrays 
Hong Kong’s return as a mo- 
ment of joyous reunification 



s 2. "-rc, 

■*J i - .■A' 

= ^ — jt' «’ 









r» A tz? 
N. 2T-* . 

WC I*-' 

y af-ihe 


ty. *ls? 

j- *£V 1 |K 

■•^sT V: 

' dt*.”; 

« *h.i 

|tJ 'i’«K 
p ;»."*• -.r. 



-•* SK . 

■tt ■> 
K-^. v> 
J.' 1 

?-• :•*•• 
H '** 



Vr v C i 

: M 

tier rir 
. .-. jj. . 

. fcii- 
r Sh*? 
c .-.V' 

£-*«i »* 
1 *?*£ 


Stuflents in s 


Tact Aside, Albright Berates Balkan Leaders 

«2 ", ''0^ 

S- - :f. : 

^.LT •.»!% ; 

1 ' 

fee rr- . 

Y-AiTitf >>..•.•. 

AreirV: ^ ’ 

»ar< * . • . . . 
uk'f'i ::•..■■• 

'•U K. : 

' J . 

Jakarta t „ . *//„„. 
Sricjnvu lniiijtr 

-s' ':r \.\ 

I Mina /Vrvw x / .< 
On Inn!* 1 . s !t;fu > 

U-V . 
r. ;..v •. * 


« •_ 

*• vr 

By Michael Dobbs 

Ujsinn^ron Aw Sen ne 

BELGRADE — Diplomats have 
many ways of making their displeasure 
frit, ranging from subtle body language 
to more formal protests. But rarely do 
{hey go to the lengths that the 'U.S. 
secretary of state did. publicly humi- 
liating a Croatian government minister 
and accusing the Serbian president of 

"You should be ashamed of your- 
self." Madeleine Albright said Sat- 
urday to Jure Radic. the Croatian re- 
construction minister, after listening to 
a harrowing tale of returning Serbian 
refugees who were beaten and driven 
from their homes last month by a venge- 
ful Croatian mob. "How can you allow 
such things to happen?" 

Later. Mrs. Albright told President 
Slobodan Milosevic that his country was 
at a political "crossroads." If Serbia 
wants to rebuild its economy and rejoin 
the international community, it has to 
introduce democratic reforms and co- 
operate with the international war crimes 
tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in 
Die Hague . she said. The alternative was 
to be "left behind" while the rest of 
Europe moved forward. 

"The people of Serbia are suffering 
because their leader is not fulfilling his 
obligations." Mrs. Albright said to re- 
porters after her one-hour meeting with 
Mr. Milosevic. 

Mrs. Albright’s strong language, dur- 
ing her first visit to die Balkans as 
secretary of state, was part of a new U.S. 
strategy — an attempt to step up public 
pressure on the signatories of the 
Dayton peace accord of 1995 to abide 
by their commitments. Over the past 
few months. Western governments have 
become frustrated by the seeming im- 
punity enjoyed by indicted Bosnian war 
criminals and by delays in repatriating 
hundreds of thousands of refugees. 

Mrs. Albright's two-day Balkan tour 
began on a confrontational note with 
what U.S. officials described as a par- 
ticularly tough meeting in Zagreb, the 
Croatian capital, with President Franjo 
Tudjman, whom Washington has 
viewed until recently as a strategic part- 
ner for the United States in resisting 
Serbian aggression. 

State Department officials said Mrs. 
Albright warned Mr. Tudjman that she 
might act to block millions of dollars in 
international aid unless Croatia met its 
obligations under the Dayton pact. 

At a joint news conference, Mrs. Al- 
bright called on Mr. Tudjman to display 
“moral leadership" and make it pos- 
sible for Croatia's 600,000 Serbs, wbo 
fled in advance of a Croatian military 
offensive in July 1 995, to return to their 
homes. So far, only a few thousand have 
returned, in the face of bureaucratic and 
other obstacles erected by the Croatian 
authorities. Some of the returnees have 
since been driven from their homes. 


Rome Fires Envoy 

ROME — Italy said Sunday that it 
had revoked die appointment of its 
new ambassador to Albania because he 
had shown in published remarks that 
he was not the candidate for the job. 

Die decision was made days after 
Manfivdo Inrisa de Camerana was 
appointed to replace Paolo Foresd. 

Mr. Incisa was quoted in La Re- 
pubblica on Saturday as saying that 
the Foreign Ministry was going 
through a period of weakness and that 
Mr. Foresti had always born "po- 
litically aligned." (Reuters! 

Swiss Find an Ally 

BERN — Faith Ryan Whittlesey. 
President Ronald Reagan's ambas- 
sador to Switzerland, bas said that the 
Clinton administration would set a 
dangerous precedent if it forced 
Switzerland to renegotiate a 1946 
treaty on Nazi gold. 

In an interview with the daily 

newspaper Bund, Ms. Whittlesey said 
renegotiating the accord would bring 
into doubt die reliability of the United 
States as a negotiating partner, and 
would set a precedent under which 
Mexico and Russia could renegotiate 
accords under which they yielded ter- 
ritory to the United States. (AP) 

The EU 
This Week: 

Significant events this week in the 
European Union: 
International Herald Tribune 

• EU foreign ministers meet in Lux- 
embourg on Monday. Key topics in- 
clude a discussion of whether to return 
ambassadors to Iran following a Ger- 
man court ruling that found Tehran 
responsible for assassinations. 

• Leaders of European Socialist 
parties hold their semiannual meeting 
in Malmo, Sweden, from Dursday to 

Mrs. Albright sought to dramatize the 
refugee problem by visiting the Croa- 
tian region of Krajina. which was in- 
habited for centuries by Serbs and was 
the scene of an ultimately unsuccessful 
Serbian rebellion against Croatian rule 
from 1991 to 1995. Arriving in the 
region by helicopter with a large en- 
tourage of journalists. Mrs. Albright 
dropped in on two refugee families who 
fled Croatia in 1995 and were beaten 
when they tried to return last month. 

When Mr. Radio, the Croatian re- 
construction minister, suggested that 
the Serbs had provoked the violence. 
Mrs. Albright accused him of “lying” 
and turned her back on him. Later, she 
dressed him down before dozens of 
journalists assembled in front of a care- 
fully selected backdrop: a burned-out 
house. She said she was "disgusted" by 
the failure of the Croatian authorities to 
stop the recent wave of violence. 

De village thar Mrs. Albright visited. 
Prevrsac, is now inhabited almost ex- 
clusively by Croatian refugees from 
neighboring Bosnia who were them- 
selves. driven from their homes by 
Serbs. Dey reacted to her sudden ap- 
pearance in a convoy of U.S. Army 
helicopters with shrugs and insisted that 
they would continue to oppose the re- 
turn of Serb refugees. 

Moving on to Belgrade, Mrs. Al- 
bright met with Mr. Milosevic, who was 
the target of several months of democ- 
racy demonstrations after elections in 

November. Dis was followed by 
meetings with leaders; of the op- 
position coalition known as To- 
gether and an announcement of an 
increase in U.S. assistance to in- 
dependent Serbian media outlets to 
about $5 million a year. 

De State Department spokes- 
man. Nicholas Bums, later sugges- 
ted that Mre. Albright had emerged 
empty-handed from her talks with 
Mr. Milosevic, saying that she had 
gotten "no encouragement on any 
subject" from the Serbian leader. 

Mrs. Albright described her meet- 
ing with Mr. Milosevic as "prob- 
ably the toughest" she has had with 
any foreign official since becoming 
secretary of state in January. 

By turning up the level of Amer- 
ican rhetoric, Mrs. Albright is seek- 
ing to apply additional pressure on 
Balkan leaders who have imple- 
mented the Dayton peace agree- 
ment selectively. But she is also 
laying down political markers that 
could come back to haunt the Clinton 
administration over the coming months 
unless there is significant progress on the 
return of refugees and cooperation with 
the international war crimes tribunal. 

■ U.S. Envoy Urges Cooperation 

Mrs. Albright said Sunday that her 
government remained committed to 
building a lasting peace in Bosnia as 
long as die former war factions showed 

SikUa Solic/tlir A-wKiUrd Pir.. 

Mrs. Albright walking by a damaged 
Serbian home in Prevrsac with the 
Croatian foreign minister. Mate Granic. 

a willingness to cooperate. Reuters re- 
ported from Sarajevo. 

"What is happening here in Sarajevo 
is the modem -day version of a Marshall 
Plan where America provides assistance, 
but it provides assistance to those who 
help themselves." Mrs. Albright said. 

She said U.S. aid could dry up if 
Bosnia's political leaders did not uphold 
their obligations under the Dayton ac- 

Pontiff Urges Poles to Uphold Morality 

OonpdrdbrOw Staff Fran Dispdictiei 

WROCLAW. Poland — Pope John 
Paul O warned 200.000 pilgrims 
Sunday that Central and Eastern Europe 
could see its newly won freedom slip 
away if people did not help each other 
and stick to traditional values. 

At a rain-soaked Mass held in a field in 
central Wroclaw, the pontiff also rebuked 
critics who say the Roman Catholic 
Church endangered freedom by trying to 
impose its version of morality on others. 

"It's especially nonsense in this 
country," John Paul told bis fellow 
Poles. "In this land, the church has 
proved so many times that it has been a 
guardian of freedom, in the past century, 
and in the last 50 years." 

But he warned that selfishness, "the* 
unrestrained desire for profit" and a 
drift away from God and religious 
teachings threatened to impose a form 
of spiritual slavery. 

‘ ' When chaos and confusion reign in 
the moral sphere, freedom dies." John 
Paul said. 

De church has Jong been a pillar of 

life in mostly Catholic Poland, helping 
the Solidarity movement to topple the 
Communist regime in 1989. But it has 
seen its influence steadily wane since 
then. Many Poles complain about 
priests interfering in political life, in 
issues such as the country’s bitter debate 
over legalizing abortion. 

On his seventh trip to his homeland 
since becoming Pope in 1 978. John Paul 
has expressed concern about the effects 
of Poland's political and economic 
changes, especially on the young and 
poor, and has sought to steer his counter 
on a middle path between Communist . 
oppression and Western liberalism and 

Seated under a white roof on an out- 
door stage, the Pope spoke at times to a 
sea of umbrellas as a cold rain fell 
intermittently. Yet those at the Mass, 
some of whom arrived early in the 
morning to get a good spot, did not seem . 
to mind the bad weather, huddling in 
their winter coats and gloves. 

“I love him, everybody loves him, he 
is such a special person." said Maria 

Komomicka, 65. "I hope that with this 
visit he will first of all help the young 
people to turn back to a good life and the 
Lord Jesus." 

The 77-year-old pontiff, who looked 
tired and frail when he arrived in Poland 
on Saturday, seemed stronger during the 
Mass on Sunday, alrhough he delivered 
his half-hour sermon sitting down. 

He leaves Monday for religious ce- 
remonies in Legnica and Gorzow 
Wielkopolski in western Poland, and 
will meet with presidents from across 
the region on Tuesday in Gniezno. Also 
on the schedule for his 11 -day tour are 
stops at his parent's tomb In’ Krakow; 
the school where he studied theology in 
secret during the Nazi occupation, and 
the Tatra mountains, where he used to 

The visit began in the same week that 
Poles approved a new constitution by a 
small margin. It is the first fully demo- 
cratic charter since the fall of com- 
munism in 1 990. but it was criticized as 
too liberal by the church hierarchy. 


Have Russia 
And Ukraine 
Sealed Ties? 

By Michael Specter 

Ne w York Times Service 

MOSCOW — After years of doubt 
and tensions, the presidents of Russia 
and Ukraine have signed a friendship 
treaty designed to strengthen the weak 
bonds between the two Slavic states. 

The treaty was signed in Kiev, the 
Ukrainian capital, on Boris Yeltsin's 
first trip there as president of Russia. 
Many previous visits were scheduled or 
considered but all were postponed be- 
cause of tensions over the future of the 
Black Sea Fleet, territorial disputes in the 
ethnic Russian region of Crimea, which 
is part of Ukraine, and other issues. 

But now, with NATO ready to expand 
eastward, Russia is looking to bolster its 
defense and prove to the West that it still 
has power worth worrying about. So 
Russia has quickly made past problems 
disappear — at least for a while. 

"My friend President Kuchma and I 
vow at this sacred place, at the Tomb of 
the Unknown Soldier, that the treaty that 
we sign today will be fulfilled." Mr. 
Yeltsin said as he stood with President 
Leonid Kuchma on Saturday. He said he 
would issue strict orders to the Russian 
leadership that the relationship with 
Ukraine “is a priority of priorities for 

“We respect and honor the territorial 
integrity of Ukraine." Mr. Yeltsin ad- 
ded. in an important aside. Many Rus- 
sian leaders have urged the Kremlin to 
attempt to claim the city of Sevastopol 
in the Crimea, the base of the Black Sea 
Fleet, as Russian. 

The treaty's main points stress polit- 
ical and commercial cooperation, and it 
includes a joint statement on the Black 
Sea Fleet that will permit Russia to 
operate on Ukrainian territory. 

Bur real questions remain about the 
new alliance between the two states. 
De first is how seriously Ukraine takes 
its commitment to Russia. De second is 
how long the warm relations will last if 
Ukraine continues cozying up to the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

Mr. Yeltsin made a big show Friday 
of promising to defend Ukraine “in 
extreme situations.” But Ukraine has 
never sought the protection of Russia 
since it gained its independence in 1991 
and nobody in Kiev expressed any in- 
terest in Mr. Yeltsin's offer. 

“I think President Yeltsin was ruled 
by the best of intentions but there were 
no requests from the Ukrainian side" 
for such defense assurances, said 
Volodimyr Korbulin, Ukraine's top 
military official. 


!»' J- 


-‘ti. . 


-’V»r •: ' 

‘ YV 

•’ I--- 

. j - 

r - jfc 



k j. 

S..T -.-.J 


Upturn uf I n *! I 

Jffh •. - • v. .“■• * * ' 

Ah - ' 

v*. - ? 

P* - - - 

t" - e •- 

•i- ' sattMt. -- Jj- 

-a*'*- *•><- '■ 

-:tt\ ■■ r -Y. * V 

&dr **-}■*■- 

•«!«*• — »- ■ ■" 

£ I’ 

- “** 
i ' J 

-- ' 

1— r: 

■ rr ' 

**««•■**- - 
jt fjbiLf %'• "■ 

t i 

If V 




Bucharest October H8 & 30. 1997 

Romania is increasingly attracting the attention of the international investment 
community. To assess future investment potential and to highlight the progress 
Romania is making in its bid to position itself as one of the more exciting 
investment opportunities in the world, the international Herald Tribune is planning 
to convene a major investment summit in Bucharest on October 29 ft 30. 

President Emil Consraminescu will give the opening keynote address of the 
"Romania Investment Summit." Other speakers will include key members of 
Romanian government and business as well as business and financial leaders 

from around the world. 

To ensure that you do not miss this very special event, • 
please contact our confidence office for further details. 

Brenda Erdmann Hagerty 

H^M Trg>mte Conference Office, 63 Lang Acre. London WC2E 9JH 
m (44 171) 420 ©507 Fax; (44 171) 836 0717 &*ail; bhageriy@ihtcmn 

«r ‘ 



Tur tv<mr.i rs »>\ua mmvspipfh 

Advertising b accountable for dertvenng success. Thar meens improving turnover, nothing 
less. And that means Imcvoved lab security lor the work force. Nothfrig less. 

For fuiher information cal/fax thelAAUK Chaptet Telephone 0171 431 7701 Fax 0171 431 7098. 


The global partnership of advertisers, agencies and media 



<5 H T 

T O 

C H O 





Baby Boomers Facing Up to Harder Times Bis Brother at Your Work Site? 

* ' . ahran 1 3 7 IWWnt IiwiL 

By Justin Keay 

■ Special to the Herald Tribune 

■ LONDON — Baby boomers, those 
who grew up after World War II and 

*now dominate .global business and 
•finance, have Jong been identified as a 
‘special generational category. 

Yet though they are targeted by 
advertisers for their spending poten- 
tial and by headhunters for their years 
of expertise, the end of the so-called 
jobs-For-life era has hit boomers 
harder than anybody. 

* ‘We got into die world of work and 
found life was good." said Richard 
Knowles, a boomer who was a man- 
ager at Imperial Chemical Industries 
PLC of Britain. “Our prosperity re- 
inforced our expectations.” 

Today, as a senior consultant for 
MSL International Search & Selec- 
tion. Mr. Knowles places executives 
for companies across Europe. He said 
that boomers find the prospect of life 
outside a conventional 9-to-5 envir- 
onment hard to take. 

“To have spent 25 years in work 
and find that what you always took for 

granted — security — is no longer 
there, is rough, especially when you 
have family obligations,” he said. 

Given the new insecurity, what is it 
that makes boomers tick? 

Boomers were beneficiaries of an 
economic climate that led Prime Min- 
ister Harold Macmillan of Britain to 
say, "We’ve never had it so good.” 

American boomers, in particular, 
enjoyed a standard of living and free- 
dom when they came of age that their 
parents only dreamed of. their con- 
fidence reinforced by the knowledge 
that the United States had become an 
economic powerhouse. 

According to “Connecting With 
the Baby Boomers.” a new report 
incorporating findings -from 700 in- 
terviews in 16 countries, the overall 
sense of prosperity and job security 
was shared by boomers in Western 
Europe and Japan. 

"The similarities are much 
stronger than we imagined, spanning 
cultural differences.” said the re- 
port's author. Jane G william. She 
noted that while many 45-year-old 
boomers were looking forward to pro- 

motion. many 55 year olds were start- 
ing to think about life after retire- 

The report found that the gener- 
ation had considerable antipathy to- 
ward information technology. Of the 
countries covered, only in Denmark, 
Sweden and the United States were 
boomers at ease with developments 
such as die Internet and personal com- 
puters. Others viewed such technol- 
ogy as the ally of the younger gen- 

A resistance to innovation was 
echoed in what the survey found 
about attitudes to savings and finan- 
cial institutions. Far from being risk- 
takers. boomers tend to favor con- 
servative investments such as gov- 
ernment bonds and savings accounts, 
the report found. 

Life for boomers has essentially 
come full circle. Ms. Gwilliam sug- 
gested. The generation that came of 
age questioning the establishment has 
become the establishment, she said, 
and its members behave in much the 
same way as their parents did. 

“Boomers are overwhelmingly pre- 

occupied- with the failings of the mod- 
em world.” Ms. Gwillia m said, and 
they think about problems such as 
"why the streets arc no longer safe, 
why judiciaries are not effective in 
curtailing crime, why politicians are 

But erstwhile change-the-worid 
boomers are now more inclined to 
step back from the idealism of the 
sixties, she said. Home, friends and 
family are now what matter most. 

Mr. Knowles said it was too early to 
predict how European boomers, es- 
pecially those in France and Ger- 
many, would cope with a business 
climate in which mid-career employ- 
ment possibilities would be consid- 
erably more limited than what they 
had hoped for. 

What is clear, analysts say, is that 
the boomers may be die last gen- 
eration to have enjoyed a high degree 
of employment security at any time in 
their careers. Recruitment consultants 
say that younger generations, having 
grown up in a tougher economic cli- 
mate, are more flexible and have 
lighter expectations. 

By Kirstin Downey Grimsiey 

Washington Pose Service 

WASHINGTON— Feel like someone is 
watching over your shoulder? 

You might be right 

About 35 percent of all U.S. co mpan ies 
keep an eye on their workers by recording 
their telephone calls and voice mail, 
scrolling through their computer files or 
videotaping them as they wotk, according 
to a survey of 906 large companies by the 
American Management Association. 

Workers often might not know they are 
being observed, the survey found. The as- 
sociation said up to 23 percent of die firms 
reported they do not tell workers about the 

About 37 percent of the companies mon- 
itor telephone numbers railed by their 
workers and the length of time they spend 
on the phone, the survey found, and about 
33.7 percent watch them with security cam- 
eras to prevent theft, violence or sabotage. 

About 162 percent of companies peep 
into their workers' computers to measure 
toe number of keystrokes per minute or 
what they have on their screens, according 

to the survey, while about 13.7 percent look 
at workers’ actual computer files. 

Eric Rolfe Greenberg, the association's 
director of management studies, said 
companies use such surveillance ro control 
unauthorized uses of company equipment-— 
such as workers using company tdephones 
to make long-distance call s, or scro ffiflg the 
Internet for recreational purposes — and to 
monitor employees to ensure they arc com- 
plying with company rules and regulations. 

“It should have the effect of limiting 
frivolous or non-necessary business com- 
munications,” Mr. Greenbetg said, al- 
though he added that some firms might use 
such devices "where they are trying to nail 
employees.” . .. 

At BellSouth Corp., executives listen in 
on telephone conversations to make sure 
employees who work with customers are 

doing a good job, said Joe Chandler, com- 
pany spokesman. The company calls the 
process, which has been common within tie 
industry for decades, "observations."- ' 

* ‘As long as we are providing service, we 
want to make sure we’re providing good 
service, and observations are part of that.” 
Mr. Chandler said. 


^ +44 171 420 0348 






Turning Ideas Into Reality 

c.£35k + car + bens UK based/Clobal Remit 

B*uw part of a newly-created ’blue-sky' depart m e nt is an 
excong enough opportunity - but you need to be much mote 
than just a talented marketeer You will not only develop new 
retail and product concepts, but also 'sell' them to our 
international business units 

You will then project manage their implementation, from 
merchandising, ranging, shop design and branding, to 
maikeang and promotion. 

You are a commercial graduate with a strong grounding in 
marketing, preferably in retail ot fmeg. 

An ability' tc- manage third party relationship's, negotiate at a 
senior level and brief external agencies is crmcaL .. 

You are able to travel and your international experience has 
given yea not only exposure to other cultures. but also 
I language skills > fluency in English and French or German). 

If you axe seeking a brighter prospect, please send A 

your CV, quoting ref: AN/AD2 to: Jan Suart, M 

Mexcuri Urval, Spencer House, 29 Grove J 

Hill Road, Harrow, Middlesex HA1 3BN. 

Tel: ++44 181 863 8466. 

Uu: 181 861 1978. 

Referent/in fur Internationale 
medizinische Fortbildung 

International Trainer 

for medical education and woundmanagement 



Die HARTMANN-Gruppe ist mit 
uber 5000 Mitarbeiterinnen und 
Mitarbeitem und 1,7 Mrd. DM 
Jahresumsatz in Europa ein fiih- 
render Hersteller von 

- modernen Verbandstoffen fur 
die Wundbehandlung. 

- Binden. VerbSnden und 

- Produkten fur Inkontinenz, 

- Krankenpflegeprodukten und 

- Systemen tur Hygiene und 
Asepsis im OP. 

Besondere Bedeutung haben fur 
uns die Schulung und die aktuel- 
le Information der Anwender 
unserer medizinischen Produkte 
in alien bedeutenden iniernatio- 
naJen Markten. 

Dieses fur uns strategisch wichti- 
ge Aufgabengebiet betreuen Sie 
fachkundig und sehr selbstandig 

von unserem Stammsitz Heiden- 
heim aus. Daneben arbeiten Sie 
an der Erstellung von wissen- 
schaftlichem Unterrichtsmaterial 
und der DurchfQhrung von Fach- 
seminaren mit. AuBerdem repra- 
sentieren Sie unser Unternehmen 
bei Messen, Aussteliungen und 

Sie passen gut zu uns. wenn Sie 
ais .native speaker - , uber eine 
abgeschlossene Krankenpflege- 
ausbildung (z. B. tissue viability 
nurse, specialist for woundmana- 
gement) im englischsprachigen 
Raum verfugen. Mehrjahrige Be- 
rufspraxis in unterschiedlichen 
Fachdisziplinen. Organisations- 
talent und Untemchtserfahrung 
sind weitere Mindestvorausset- 
zungen. Gute Deutschkenntnisse 
und sicherer Umaang mit dem 
PC sind fur Sie ebenso selbstver- 
standlich wie SpaB am Reisen. 

Wir bieten Ihnen eine vielseitige 
und abwechslungsreiche Tatig- 
keit in einem dynamischen Team, 
in dem Sie Ihre Leistungsbereit- 
schaft voll zur Geltung bringen 

ihre voi Island igen Bewerbungs- 
unterlagen senden Sie bitte - 
unter Angabe Ihres fruhesten 
Eintrittstermin und der Gehalts- 
vorstellung - an Herrn Johann 
Thoma in unserer Personalab- 

Personalabteilung MS-INT 
Postfach 14 20 
89504 Heidenheim 


Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Substantial Six Figure Package 

Our is .i huge. pnrarrh owned. dsnrsified international group with 0.000 employees and operations in Saudi 
.3 “ir.M. the UK. the USA. China. Monaco. fa par:, the Syria. Morocco. Algeria and Lebanon. The group operates 
marie: leading :ot:;crr:> the automatic, consumer eleervnies. financing and real estate sectors and is also inrolvcd in 
dipping. adrer::i:;:g. ,:d:i:n and the deielopmeu: of industrial projects. 

The Role The Person 

Line to the CMup\ continued expansion interiuruinally, With at least 5 vears relevant experience gained from a 
there n, ■« ju oemne opportunity tor a senior maior international law firm, multinational or bank, you 
('••un«s.'l j'-m the corporate HQ in leddah. Reporting will be an entrepreneurial and commercially minded 

tn the Chairman. r r eMdenr and Group Managing lawyer with the ability to operate, influence and counsel 

Director, you wili manage a small team and advise the at the most senior lex els throughout the group. Fluency 

group w..rlJ wide on a broad range or' corporate. in English and .Arabic is essential, 

ci'iumcrcijl. banking and finance bsuev 

For further information on this outstanding opportunity, please contact Navecn Tuli or Laurence Simons personally. 


International Legal Recruitment 

Craven House, 121 Kingswjv, London WC2B 6PA Tel +44 (0)171 831 3270, Fax +44 (0)171 831 4429 


E-mail: laurcnec*'? 

CARRIER TRANSICQLD, a division of the CARRIER International group. We have 3 
turnover in excess of 200 millions US S and a workforce of 800 and we specialise 
in transport refrigeration. To assist -with our development in Europe, Africa and the 
Middle East we are seeking an 

for our European head office at 

;t ri* "ardyvv yea 

:k re '."e cto'sucru; "I'etiaie Det.-.eer 
- .h- tkcanme-ts z r yo? 

-SIC r?;- 3'- i.-:_5Vial SK. 

■;u : :e for : 

• cc--.r ■■.‘v'e .TCi: : c:«ss fn. ir ~ ics.s: 

c 1 .’-Cf' c~. an zuyrren: : 

• us r c j.i; 

;» -• ■ 

• jr.i ioen cjstcrre: 

U aii ri.r'.'-'.irj ;t:s? ,r. cu- 

ro+tvie 7 . 

• is;.’'-; C-JtatiJ'S 3-; 


• ffW.'vg r:^:Lvr^, ; 

• Mies :a;e:asu • 

• ?»cfiuCi” sa^itvS icsuia "xir i i-ector. 

•C'j .v'U eixated to degise level (BA) ana you 
P-K o: least 3 to 5 years e'oenence as an 
Sai; Assisant in the capital goods sector. 
Noc mc.ji.t opeal- jna .■:nu? French and English 
fluently. A ci German :s highly desirable. 
>fj ihouic h.wp a good L .ro-.-.;edge and practical 
ao+r'erce of office ioh.vare fiVo+d. E;-oeL 

v:u- C.?3 r .’f*t persona 1 C 2 n-er .vill eratle y» to 
treita an ancient i=orii« reiatienshit vritn ywr 

I' ytu 1*6 keen to join a i-?rwdid looling group, 
asp.y :a : ‘.tffrrique Dunn; . Qurier uamicoW 
Irr-. Grand A>e • 10/1J S'.i « 1‘Cise - 95 031 
Cergy+tntCrie Ced* - France. 

f Carrier 


-\pp+nn» ewry 

in Tin* luivmiurkrt. 

To advertise contort 
Sandy O'Hara 
in our New York office 
Trl.: (1-212) 28W 

Fax: 0-212) T55 8785 
or \uur ncjrtu 1HT office 
’ nr representative. 


SALARY ENTRY: $94,693 - MAX: $154,834 Annually 

Metropolitan Dade County, Florida Is seeking a highly qualified individual to direct 
total Seaport operations at the Dante B. Fascell Port of Miami, the 9th busiest 
containerized cargo port in the United States and the cruise capital of the world. This 
position will report to the County Manager, Metropolitan Dade County’s Chief 
Administrative Officer. 

Responsibilities of the Seaport Director include fiscal management of a $26.6 million 
operating budget and a $265 million multi-year capital improvement plan. Directs the 
activities of 200+ employees involved in diversified administrative, operational, port 

L4ilv iL=:4itibRii -'iS, , , ,a.l. 

will include continued development of the infrastructure for cruise and cargo market 
expansion, enhancement of the port as a transhipment hub of Caribbean, Central and 
South America, overseeing the proposed Maritime Park expansion project, and 
development of new trade opportunities. 

Lucrative executive benefits package plus car allowance will be part of the total 
compensation package. 

Graduation from an accredited college or university with a Bachelor’s degree. Ten 
years of executive level experience in the fiscal and operational management of a 
major seaport facility is required. A Master’s degree In Engineering orRnance Is 
preferred. Must possess excellent oral and written communication skills. Applicants 
will be subject to an extensive background investigation. 

orw-ioi Cl ?memnq degrees) Applicants must 

MW tneirsocialsecurtty number on each resume. Submittals must be 
sent via cert ifi ed mail by June 20, 1997 to: 

Ms. Maria M. Casellas 

Acting Director, Employee Relations Department 
Stephen P. Clark Center, Suite 2110 
111 N.W. ISt Street 
Miami, Florida 33128-1997 

Employment requires meeting medical & physical standards & residence In Dade 
County w/in 6 months employment “EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER M/F WE DO 

nSitSilfSpilIl 8 !*? JI?S S r!i aCati A 0 ’ 1 l days a,cic ,eave annually. Tuition Refund, 
Retirement Plan, 13 paid Holidays, & much more. 



Central Paris 

English ho-'Lwller si/ne I $02 i 

now interviewing | 


Candidate must be highly experienced and completely bilingual. ; 
uidi j deep knowledge or En gl ish -language literature. In 4 

addition in being fully coraftetem in purchasing and stock- 
management, candidate must also be a d> namic salesperson, 
genuinel} skilled in customer relations and promotional activities. I 
und capable of leading a team of salcspciNons. i 

It jon jetl you filial these reejuirenwnts. 
plane write tnchvins Cl ' and pinto to: 

CatigpanL 224. rue de Rivofi. 7.S00 1 Paris < FRANCE). 

American Publishing Company 

seeks for its Paris based office 


to cover luxury goods market. 
English mother tongue a must. 

Please semi clips and resume to • 

I.H.T.. Box D-480- 92521 Neuilly Cedex - France 

Genera/ Positions Available 


WORLOxCHANGE. an imemattonal 
Bfeptm company, is seating mo tuty- 
ly motivaied managing (fifactora nrtt tefr 
comnixiications experience to manage 
at operations In Fiance raid Germany. 

The successful candidates wiilbeie- 
soonsWe lor operating safc«a ottaa m 
Pwie. Dutes inehxte adtkrasmg buslnees 
opportuniiea. developing pricing sffate- 
gee. conyteting sales objecnresfti re- 
casts. PSI responsWRy and aH other 
aspects oi operations. Hequiras si rung 
knontedge of teratwri bustvss prac- 
tices and accounting [including P&L 
statements & balance sheets) and 5 
years dtrscBy related (ati experience. 
Mus be bingual (Eng(sh4rerch) & 

To Buty, please mail resume to: 
Unda Condon, WOflCxCHANGE Com- 
muncadarB. 4350 La Jote Vfcge Drive 
*100. San Diego. CaSoma 92122 USA. 

w l ,\ 

You my also FAX resume lo: 
(619) 625-5500 or send via internet te 
Linda CondonOwkojarn 

(Near Paris) BOOK CU3K needed. 

esmarienced h ordering, stock 
imgta & saUng. ene«era En^sh 
£ compuer compeWcB are requnsd 
C.V: FOOMWTE Btvd de Constance. 
77305 Fflrtstnrileeu Cedex. Fiance. 

1( .• f 


seels ft ariPOt person (PC. Mac. LAN. 
DIP, Internet). Excel era French required 
Tei Paris *33 ( 0)1 4206 66 ia Fax 690Z 


ple emteting loo Asia. Tirts y. TtafanJ. 
Scanuwia. Italy, Empe. Sorii Africa. 

l-^rTT ' f- 

Major Nn YoridHsmasonal tew ftmrs 
seefang a real astate lawyer tor *s Euro- 
pean reel estate practice. The canddate 
shoted De a mdtewf Jo senior wbccS* 
wdi oderavs real ssas enperancs *»- 

Savfc language A89 IteWd Put not flS- 
senltaL Range grind a CV lo P 0 Box 
S318 Mew YaV. NY 10150. 

Secretarial Positions Available 

rwfwd r hcspwtr mm™ 
tat fte e&socoer wm mi. 

si BigMi or Anwican atoi 
mW H wn etei y 
tor a tmhe months contract steiting 
•by ST. Kimtadge oi Wore 6 and Loca 
Is a nut F rarer tenguage mm mi> 


■- • - 3TT3 " 

I ^ 

! I »••'"»- 
■ u 1, V 

Jf AM 


PAGE 7* 


S' +44 171420 0348 


Educational Positions Available 

announces ft tatowng vacancies; 

1 IB CorpCerS 
2. Secondary Mato 
3 Secondary SOenras 
4. Limrian 
5 Bemarte/y \ksc 

Rease lax CVS *0973-780019 or wrat 
Mr Ckn«Tiuyer4iayBnfltBi8lcojconUih 


tor Busness Pecpto. 

Oynamc ftenty Team 
limvave Teachng Methods. 
Rans-Submta. WtnUng Pape* 
Comptofr des Languee(01| 45 B1 53 56 

Executives Available 

ncnt eoenence b Fonuns 5X conve- 
nes AUe is lata charge d rtl name) 
development Partioiar suds in sutatd- 
ay and towny management n sen**, 
inistry ata FMCG saws. EttnguaJ Bv 
gfeh I French, fiuenl m Russan and Per- 
son. AwdaMe tor a ctefenjmg position. 
Fa *33 mi 64 22 09 50 

USjFiwch seete o nonage uproarM 
Eure HoteiTCtiaeau'Uamr An accom- 
psshed Host «ah a spaml touch, she oi 
optimize sarree & pwtfi (domesfcto- 
e*)n mates). Fat USA 954761-9371. 

EoupdCIS Expert IjS+Sortaame Grad 
bflngual atopnmr exentm busines 
puMcaSonna 28 yaars dd tasks capital 
nattdw post T* 44 HRIBI 7« 0071 

CONSULTANT m strategy & business 
pfsns. MBA. seelcs fprayeds in CMns. 
Europe, FtossaL Speaks 
Witosse. Fa Rw *33 (0P45779M2. 

General Positions Wanted 


20 years expenecce induing 
owr 2 iwrs n jBdEsaorr^ 
seeks challenging petition In museum, 
an galey, reseafcn, science, industry, 

prajmss tt aftwfeing. Owi uptodtis 
advanced ifiglal (Auto eqdpmara Ruart 
EngHah. Darntt, Czech, basic Russian 
Rodent in Demerit, afltog la rebate. 

Please contact Ur jn Vasa 
Sue Srrandstrada 19, 1255 Copetiagen 
Denmark. Fate *46 33 320 650 

YOUNG, ambitious Bulgarian, former 
cook, speaks English. French, Russian, 
Pofish. seeks any amptowad in USA. 
Corat Vessefci Tel *33 (Dll 40409786 
or *33 (0)6 09046017. 63 lame, 
74 Ave J. Jaures, 75019 Pans, France. 


prance seeks woik. Fidv 

RMS Tat France 

i of &■ 

years old. Contact 
*33(0)493450033 / *33 0600972781 

Just back from USA, seals marketing 
commercial tab in Pans region. 
F® *33(0)1 40 94 39 49 

Find A JohFast! 



English mother tongue. At least 3 yearn prior experience 
(preferably in IMgation/aibitrarion) in U.S., UK or France. 
Fluent French (German and/or Arabic an asset). French working 
papers essential. Long-term commitment to living in France. 

Send CV to: Box D-48I, LELT-, 92521 NedDy Cedes, France 

WOMAN, 25, Frencti-EngSsh-taaaji, 
gives a 3 BBtanc 0 M) tar you commercial 
projects, travel m Btusuls. 

Secretaries Available 

mother tongues Bigbh/Ftancft seeks 
part-time nb to Paris. Reply to: Box 
0283, IKt, 82321 NeuBy Cttt, Franca 




Vs Reo^rabor^fcwaaig 
Mait-Ptione+u Senices Waridrede 

Aston Corporate Trustees 

19 Peri Rood, Dougfea, tale ri Han 
Tel: *44 1824626591 

Foe +44 (QT 1624 825126 


m Tjmtu. a Wile girl was placed in 
emergency in a Tutsan farndy by an 
Amencan officer. Ths man aaa probably 
Jewish he & hs toe came in toe ru^t 
tnih toe uaby & a sutease Mti papers t 
maney 1 am Bis babv & I’m tooling tor 
my true lamb semeenere n America. If 
someone can yw me riormation about 
a srofer aory, donl beslato to contact 
ma by fax: France +33 10H 78 68 94 21 . 

Announcements 1 

FRENCH OPEN TICKETS, eerier court 
fckets torn $100 to S350. Tet Pans *33 
|Q )1 ->335 4703 or -33 (0)6 8050 5789- 

Tab +44 (0) 171 233 1302 
Fax: +44 ( 0 ) 171 233 1519 

E M: aston6entefprisejiet 

Auto Rentals 

FF500. 7 days FF1500 Tsl Pans +33 
(0)1 4368 5555. Fax (0)1 4353 9529. 


la^rajTT77^ T T; | ii.''4.-i.iT ; TTvTr^^o 

Legal Services 

We ncorporate in Inland and 
offer oflstate junsdrixxis. 

We arrange alternative otCBnti^ii 
and passports « certaai enrtnes 
For tameriato service contact 
Bah Murphy, Director 
109. Lom Baggra Save 
DdSn 2 kebnd 

Tot* 353 1 6616490Fc 6618483 
E-Mail: irmtoCkaLcom 
Web Pages: wsmlCSLoxn 

Cal a Fax (714) 96M895 Wm. 18787 
Beach BWL »W. Huitapon Beach. CA 
92648 USA- e-mai - «stonnfi|unmm 

DIVORCE IN 1 DAY. No travel Wnto: 
Bax 377. Sudbury. MA 01776 USA. Tel 
50&'*43-8387. F an 508r'44M183. 

Business Opportunities 



TV KfTERtET BOX* A rechnoiogical 
Rerotuhwi is tataig place NOW Fax 
♦44- (Oil 278-509-31 Quote 102295 



Financial Services 






Pitase contact Ban Defter. UD 


2i02 Bonk a( America Toner 
12 Harooun Road. Central Hong Kong 
Ta 352 25220172 Fax 852 25215399 

crrjp y aAce Tel Lmfin u 18! 741 
122-1 Fy -M 181 748 6558:5338 

Needed a act as Uascn 
Flease reply m Ergksh 

hvectatri bantam 
16311 Veriua BhnL, Srita 999 
Endno, CaBTondi 91436 USA 

HONG KONG CO. 5620. Annual cast 
Soi : 5S Li 701. 35 Queens's Rd, C. 
M. Tel- b52-23B4E73 Fax 2:4WJ217 

SUCCESSFUL Candy & In Crum 

Vvz n Fi VSbft. Texas S223t TelFax 
=H-2ei-5rt5 or 617-54W255 USA. 

(tax No.: (318) 905-1698 
TeL (818) 7894422 

Business Services 

Bond Street - Ifafl, Phone. Fax, Telex 
Tat 44 171 290 9000 Fax f71 499 7517 

Business Travel 

isUGBstneis Ctau Frequent Travefera 
Woridnide. lb to 50% cS/Mo ooibons, 
no restrictions, bnpenol Canada Tat 
1414-341-7227 Far 1-514-341-7998. 
e-mail address: imperial Mtogautet 
httpJrawJo^rut mte ipariti 


Is Calling! 

Join tie leader ri 
the fast growing 
telecom industry 

* Calling Centers 
* Pre-Paid Calling Cards 
* Resefers 


w 4i7ZMAnW,* 
SotH>,WA M11S 

Where Stondanfa are Set, not Mel! 

Tel: 1400599.1991 

Fax: 1206^9.1381 
Entifc WoMks&aefccom 

Capital Available 

Lion Energy Corporation I 
Arson. We have finds statable in] 
v Japanese Yen tor Ml projects. Avsi- 
atite against A* bank guarantee up to 
USSlQQU. Fax 310-274 
Tat 3HH74-4893. 

Real Estate 
for Sale 

Paris and Suburbs 

7ft. RUE 0 E BEAUNE 2 totaSy reform- 
ed apartments m 17th cen. buttiia. 
04sqJiL FF3.5M, Vsm FF22NL Owv 
er by Fax: +33(0)147033327 

Real Estate 
for Rent 

Paris Area Unfurnished 

MEUU.Y, a stones tm (rent tin Amar- 
ban luspteL high cfeas buMr* ben* 
fd apartmert, lacing south, 60 sqm, big 
living, bedroom, taiga balcony, martrie 
bath, equipped kitten, mi (riaced un- 
derground parking. FF7,700/mo. Td 
+33(0)147471662 aw 8 pjn. 

Paris Area Furnished 

Ideal accommodation: stufo5 bednoos 
Qifltay and unice asamd 
Td *33(0)1 4312B0Q Fax (09143129000 

Embassy Service 

Tel: 483 (0}1 4720.3005 


Fumtted apartments, 3 months or more 
or iriunished. readottal areas. 

Tel: 433 (OM 42 25 32 25 - 

Fat +33 (0)1 *5 63 37 09 

Holiday Rentals 

Eft ST WCH5. character, 3 room. 
70sqm, varewsl fcmdiel kadien wfi 
s. FF9000 TdtS( 0 ) 1 53708005 

Paris & Suburbs 

ILE ST LOUS, stuSo, 2 bads rwvsri- 
la. sheets, towels, bath, kitchen, TV, 
, mad. Td *33(0)450718800 

Escorts £ Guides 




18 - 38+ WTSINATT0NAL 


Escort Agency CreS Cards Welcome 


0171 589 5237 




SretBsUed Benelux Cats tf Aar 

♦+ 44 (0) TOM 77 04 11/22 



LONDON 0171 362 TWO 

A- uti Ar.-ans teewgs wdeome 




Cote (TAnr Gemwiy Prague 

++ 44 (0) 7000 24 28 91 


VVcrtcTs FL-st & U051 Exctus+ve Serna 

Beam Querns. Acftsasaa 
mtSn^ial tmei Comparioni 

Hdqtrs. 212-765-7896 NY, USA 


Raed 'Best In Nw Terr by New yca 
M anure Sewce wrtomde. 


++31*20427 28 27 


Bnosata+nhurp + A: Vienna 

LONDON: (0J171-978 6606 

COSMOS EarartAgray ■ Creta Cards 


Tsl **41 79 424 02 10 lZi«h) 



Tet +39 ( 0 ) 338 852 37B8 Credt Garris 

jxapeses Private Escort Service. London 
Tet Offi <3 ME! 

daman iwji toed ladtes tar 
Escort & Travel Sendee worttride 
Vienna +*43-1-718 73 57 

Cd 022 I 346 QQ 89 Escort Agray 
Creda Grids accepted 

PARIS 6 G9CVA Stozsrtanl Gotta 
draetty Money in French Tet 
0041-K429OT4 *3y 


and Dknar Date Service far tHtas or Hgr. 
- Tet +31 ffl 2044 02 666 1 84 02 Ilf 


Cafi +48 22 6710848 at +48 602 224145 

Escort Sriwe. 2401 
Tet 03Q2644 05 


Escort Sendee. 

+077)88 55 05. U canto. 

ARSTOCATS Escort Sovfce 

3 ShooUam SL London W1 
0171 258 0090 

EjAwto Bagiwl Educated f. FflwxSy 
Undrn S Heattrar. 01 B19062261. Canto 

BeaiiAi) S Bagari 24 HOURS 
TEL 0374 90B 675 



London Engteh, Frepch. Geman spoken. 
Tet 44 (0)161 201 0470 



Tet Gemany ++48 (W 171-5311805 

mlw • Ji/LiA ■+» matsim 

BmtiM SophbtiaiadLovUr & 
eeatfcfluawr sente tor *a 

Fnenfly aid W Shape*. Private Escort 
Sows Lmta Tfi 0410 772 816 

Mate Escort Servltt 

lor Ladies In Lmlort 
TW 0802-824722 

OFFICE NUMBER 089 / 955 20 774 

51 BWRhStop Plate, LamM swi 
Tat 0171484 6913 


EXCLU3VF Top Escort Serwca Erato 
Tet +34 1 336 35 88 or 908 81 39 54 ' 

VP Erat Savca photos to Vm central 
London office 0171 SR 0005 A CBRti • 

Dtacreet, WARM awl Serw 
Call 022 ; 321 99 61 


LraJoi E*em Servee 24 hrs 
BavBwwr Tet 0171 229 0731 




and/or Professorial status 

Fax: 44 181 336 1(987 
or Phone: 44 181 947 6924 


fLangn&ge Courses 

one4<xxM homestaysfQroups 
150 locations in Britain, Franca, 
Germany, Italy. Russia and Spain. 


AS agos/levals. Free Info Pack 
Tel/Fax: +33 467 15 04 73 


French in Bordeaux: 

• T( 


jusmessmen, diplomats. 
Bordeaux Wine Programme 
‘Art of Tasting' 

I Cows G. Oemencoau. 
33000 Bordeaux - France 
E-aull blseimagliwLfr 
Td. (33) 5 5* 51 #0 76 Fa* 031 J M 51 76 15 

I Irftonatvo and aem+*nton»vo| 
0*mr rat o/xr a uwwu Co raw 
For Adana 

un Group wte Pnvmn Lntomt 


Instttut Fran c*l » RiAra 
5 . no* J-jafl da %auffa 
p^e+oo canmcs 
th 3U<«sa»as 

k 334(02 0C 2037 

Herald Tribane 
ads work 

USA .' 


School bf General Studies 


Get the education that will change your life 

Planning to finish your BA? Consider this: social scientists predict that today’s- 
college graduates will hold ax least five different jobs during their professional 
lives. Will you be prepared for the 21st century? 

Columbfa University’s School of General Studies is the nations premier under- 
graduate college for returning students. Our outstanding liberal arts curriculum 
will prepare you not only for your next promotion but for ail the challenges that 
await vou. 

Preadmission counseling 

Educational financing 

Full- or pan-uine' study 

Day and evening classes 

Over 40 majors and 1 ,500 courses 

Internationally renowned faculty 

36-acre campus on Manhattan's 

Upper West Side 

Financial aid and housing for 

qualified suudents 

Career counseling 

The Undergraduate College for Returning Students 

To receive c brochure call us ct 212-854-8961 or e-moil your requesl along with 
your name and mailing address to 
You can also find us on the World Wide Web a! 

408 lewisohn Hall, Mail Code 4101, 2970 Broadway, New York, NY 10027 




Since 1982, IFAM has been preparing its students for the- 
MBA diploma in the US. IFAM otiers a complete business 
program in management taught in English with both an: 

O Undergraduate Program (2 to 3 years in Paris) 
and a 

D Dynamic broad- based MBA Program (4 months in Paris. 
7-12 months'in the US). 

□ IFAM is closely associated with Northeastern University, 
Babson College in Boston. University of San Diego, Pans 
University in New York... 

□ Some students have completed tbeir MBA at the 
prestigious US universities Harvard, Wharton, 
University of Chicago, Duke, McGill, NYU... 



BaJWissernent cfenseignement suptirieur technique privG 
19 rue Cepr6 - 7501 5 Paris - France. 

Tel: 01 47 34 38 23 - Fax: 01 47 83 31 72 











for foreign 

the year. 

All levels 

47, rue ties Ecotes, 
75005 Parts 

TbIj (33 1)40 46 22 11 
Free (331) 40 46 32 29 




Florida (USA), London (UK), 
Strasbourg and Paris (France), 
Heidelberg (Germany). Madrid (Spain), 
Leysirt and Engelherg (Switzerland) 

Associate, Bachelor's & Master's degree pm gr anw 
International Business Administration. International Hotel 
& Tourism Management, International Relations & Diplomacy, 
Management, Marketing. Art, Computer Studies, Economics, 
Pre-Engineering, Pre-Medicine. Liberal Arts 1 

Collegium P alatini rim 
Intensive English. Spanish, German 
& French language courses 
- Courses begin Jan tuny, Jutk and September ■ 

Royal Waterloo House, Dept IHT/ti/97 ' 

. Waterloo Road, London SE1 STS England 
Tel: (0171) 928 8484 Fax: (0171) 620 1226 

Accredited member ACICs, .Washington; DC USA 

Progresser dans votre carriere 
sans quitter votre emploi 

V.'. - • • 

-r» V". 

.< : J* 


Une f. 

■ M 

■ * 

«.-ii i an nomolotjui.-e pj> I'Etat. 6 

disoersse 1? sor cl Ic ;jmcd-. 

en anglars et en franqais 

ISG International School of Business 



Your M 3 . A. in PARIS ond the U.S. 

The beat from Europe and America 
for your graduate studies in International Management 

M.&A. University b a groduatt program of Monagninent created 
in 1984 by fhe franco Am e rican Institute of Management (l.F.A.M.) 
Ofttf developped in anedotion with leading U.S. Univooitie*. 

T1 to 1+ months** ready 
4 ei ftorii. Franc* • 7 to 12 in ire VS. 
October to Se p tember or December 

• M.&.A. (Maxtor of Buiineii Admlnbhxxtion) 
from AACSB oc a editod Arrreriam Univorsitiert. 

• Graduate certificate from M.BA. University. 

M.B.A Unhrrersity/ IFAM, 19 me Glpri, 75015 Paris. 
To».s 01 42 73 26 53 — Fox: 01 47 83 31 72 




MONDAY JUNE 2, 1997 




The Clinton Conundrum 

• j ! ~ “■v /* • 

Hi une A Clinton Foreign Policy for a Cooperative West 

A s the first summer of Bill Ginton's 
second term approaches, that peculiar 
mixture of the admirable and the de- 
grading continues to distinguish his 
presidency. How else to describe the 
twin spectacles of last week? There 
was Mr. Clinton, elder statesman baby 
boomer, confidently bantering with 
Prime Minister Tony Blair in London 
and rewriting the political map of 
Europe, even while becoming more 
enmeshed ar home in what surely are 
the most lurid accusations ever dir- 
ected against a sitting president The 
American economic boom is helping 
to keep Mr. Clinton's approval ratings 
at an all-time high, yet a sense of 
personal scandal makes this a pres- 
idency constantly on the edge. 

The precarious feeling about this 
White House derives partly from what 
the office has become. The historian 
Michael Beschloss says that Mr. Clin- 
ton's presidency may be a reversion to 
something more common in the 19th 
century, when presidential success de- 
pended on cooperating with, and often 
yielding to. a powerful Congress. The 
modem presidency was elevated by 
two developments, he says — the ex- 
panding federal government and the 
central role of the Cold War in Amer- 
ican thought With both these factors 
now in eclipse, the presidency seems to 
be shrinking, as does any individual 
executive's ability to dominate the na- 
tional consciousness with security is- 
sues or to transform the lives of Amer- 
icans with domestic reform. 

Mr. Clinton tried at least some of that 
in his first two years, by declaring that 
he would complete the New Deal and 
the Great Society in health care. The 
ensuing debacle ensured that the rest of 
his time in office would consist of 
emotionally unsatisfying mini-steps. 

The highly partisan nature of the 
political landscape in Washington has 
also clouded the perception of the pres- 
idency and its capability. Fifty years 
ago, the last time the United Stales had 
a Democratic president and a Repub- 
lican Congress. Hairy Truman con- 
fronted his foes and then took his case 
to the people. Mr. Clinton used con- 
frontation in 1995. but has now 
achieved a remarkable parliamentary 
majority that has brought progress to- 
ward a balanced budget and the first 
arms control agreement to win Senate 
approval in a decade. 

Whetheryou agree with the results or 
not, it is obvious that this president is as 
skillful as any in modem times in find- 
ing and occupying the political center of 
gravity — at least for certain moments 
m a campaign or legislative battle. 

Fortune magazine has declared this 
month that the U.S. economy is 
stronger than it has ever been before. 
Since Mr. Clinton would get much of 
the blame if it failed, he is entitled to 
claim some of the credit. On a practical 
level, prosperity is probably his 
greatest shield against scandal. There 
is much of this presidency that remains 
admirable above and beyond the bless- 
ings of good times. Mr. Clinton’s ac- 
tions on trade, budget policy, gun con- 
trol, the environment, tobacco and 
affirmative action are impressive. We 
wish he showed more backbone on 
welfare, insisting on the means to em- 
ploy the people who may be kicked off 
the rolls in what is probably the scariest 
instance of social engineering toward 
the poor in our time. 

But it is not disagreement on such 
policy issues that creates die mutable, 
muddled feelings that surround Bill 
Clinton. The ragged edge of his pres- 
idency. its novelistic quality, has to do 
with the outsized character questions 
dogging him since 1992. What he did 
while governor of Arkansas, in a hotel 
room or with a failed real estate deal, 
does not of course directly relate to his 
accomplishments. Just the same, if talk 
show banter is any guide, the public 
remains troubled and conftised by the 
president's behavior — riveted and 
wanting to averts its eyes at the same 
time, history will have a hard time 
defining the emotional complexity of 
many people's reactions to a man of 
such remarkable talents that he is almost 
like a great athlete at die top ofhis game, 
and yet flawed by lack of discipline, by 
self-pity, defensiveness, a volcanic 
temper and being too eager to please. 

The president may never be able to 
fix this undercurrent of concern. Re- 
cently. Senator Bob Dole summed it up 
well when he called the president a 
“likable rogue” who is “always push- 
ing the envelope.” If Mr. Clinton were 
truly to center himself in the hearts of 
Americans, he would have to come 
clean over what happened with Paula 
Jones, reaching a settlement in the best 
interests of all involved, not to mention 
the country, and cooperate fully with the 
Whitewater and related investigations 
and put these issues as well behind him. 
That he has handled these personal and 
legal crises so badly while doing some 
pans of his job so well is part of the 
drama — indeed, the psychodrama of 
the Clinton presidency. It also helps 
explain why a country basking in 
prosperity cannot shake a lingering war- 
iness about the gifted but imperfect and 
uncandid man in the White House. 


If NATO Is to Grow 

Having decided to enlarge NATO, 
the West’s diplomats are now discuss- 
ing who beyond the consensus three 
i Poland. Hungary, the Czech Repub- 
licl should be invited in. Slovenia and 
Romania, the consensus fourth and 
fifth candidates, enjoy European bur 
not so much American favor. It is a 
timely question, because NATO has 
committed itself to get out the invi- 
tations early in July, and all 16 mem- 
bers' Parliaments are due to consider 
ratifying enlargement by 1999. The 
trouble is that while the West's spe- 
cialists ore seized by the issue, its pub- 
lics are not. The threshold question of 
why expand at all needs much more 
explanation than Atlantic alliance 
leaders have given it until now. 

Why expand? Briefly, if the United 
Stales is to have any foreign policy at 
all. it must center oii the strengthening 
and support of fellow democracies. 
Europe is where the most deeply 
rooted of them are. The particular post- 
Cold War challenge is to welcome 
back European states which have some 
history of democracy and spent much 
of the 20th century in involuntary ser- 
vitude to Moscow. 

The expansion of NATO, along with 
the cultivation of the new Russia.! > one 
fine way to bring them back. It means 
extra risk, because the old NATO 
members must be prepared to defend 
the new. including by going to war. it 
means extra cost. But both risk and cost 
seem bearable, if not downright cheap, 
measured against letting Europe's and 
Russia's insecurities run free. 

The broad thrust of alliance enlarge- 
ment leaves open the specific issue” of 
how best to proceed. To enroll no new 
members would be to inform a some- 
day revived Russia that Central Europe 
may fall into its sphere. To welcome all 
possible applicants is to ensure un- 


LFT.UtUMILH />■»" 



KATHARINE P. DARRQVA , li.e Chairman 

MICHAEL GETLER. £.i< . u FJir^r 

• WALTER WELLS, Maiia.^'ii; LJi:^ r • PAUL HOR\ nz fiipu^ llanaging Editor 

CARL GDMRTZ. . \v.» xwiu- rv • ROBERT I. DONAHUE. EJjiit i»; iftr Editorial Page i 

• JONATHAN CAGE Bunneis Okl Fmaiuv FJii i 
• RENE BONDY. Depur\ Finisher 
• J.WfES MlLEOD. LA »■”*»• 'i . 1 fit'll t‘ i • DIPIER BRHN. Ctmilarnw 
/>..•<■. Yitf tie hr PMLiUh'v Ru hard V.-Clam 

lv.\« D - 4-.J fi.t'-p X'jr- 7 :■ l- ia 
0 r< r.* Asa- A y.- ;.t u»:-F 

W ASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton is attaining one of his 
major second-term political goals: He 
is putting a distinctive personal stamp 
on American foreign policy. 

- Not that the policy has yet -proved 
oul But Mr. Clinton has an idea of 
where he wants to go in dealing with 
Europe and Russia — the big-ticket 
items — and he is going there. 

Hie skeptics recognize his ambition 
and. many of them, attribute it to per- 
sonal glory-seeking and selective mis- 
tratioo on the domestic side. Few re- 
cognize the substance of what he is 
trying to do. 

The president laid out his approach 
to a few journalists on May 23 as be set 
off on a week of celebrations and fol- 
low-ups to die 50th anniversary of the 
Marshall Plan. 

With that plan, die United States 
rebuilt a war-shattered Western Europe 
as a sturdy companion ramparr of die 
Cold War. But with the passing of the 
Cold War. almost everyone agrees, 
something else — it turns put to be 
elusive — is required. 

The traditional balance of power, 
Mr. Clinton told us, involved bringing 
counter-power to bear against nations 
inclined to dominate their neighbors. 
His difference is to draw former ad- 
versaries together in raising the quality 
of life of their people and in cooper- 

Bj Stephen S. Rosenfeld 

atrng on the particular security threats 
of the 2 1 st century.' 

This is tile behind both NATO 
expansion and the new NATO part- 
nership with Russia, he said. 

I suggested to the president that the 

move them aroimi In tbjs^t^d^ * S i Sidthe fuSer fiSiSw fiie cur- 

mode, it is not for him to stabilizing of Europe and detno- 

(mlargmg NATO Adzing of Russia offer a^&aivdy 

American » ... xnm^ctie different vista. 

ular “reluctance 
and to prevail 

Goitres to fisht snow “'*“*»*■ r — j — 

figures ro ngu Tfac £uropc seeks may not be “a 

traditional balance of power might not 
be merely a theory but might reflect an 
enduring underlying reality in the re- 
lations of nations. 

He said: “I agree with that, but the 
balance of power does not always have 
ro be defined in the same terms of the 
prospective dominance of others, as it 
has been previously. What we’ve done 
is to construct a balance of power that 
both restrains and empowers all the 
people who come within the frame- 
work of the agreement” 

Restrains and empowers; The new 
enlarged NATO and NATO-Russia 
structures are meant to restrain Russia, 
and Germany, both of which histor- 
ically need restraining. 

At the same time, those structures 
are intended ro empower Russia to par- 
ticipate in the economic and political 
evolution of Europe — a Europe that 
includes the United States. 

In the quiet of the Oval Office, Mr. 
Clinton speaks with assurance and uses 
his hands a lot to shape blocks and 

2™f 'Z ‘‘where the baring &P 

E 2 KES 5 Z «- &£ £■#£ 

stabilize E^o^^id draw ^ his vrayio, place tha 

tabes in post-Cold War realties of jco- 
gestions that Mr. Clinton niay . nrinritv an openness ’ to new 

IUULI1 US UUftfi lU -V ‘ , . 

rational, trouble-free future that he is 
insensitive ro the fresh burdens he is 
heaping on NATO. For instance, he is 
criticized for misusing the Marshall 
Plan’s 50th anniversary. 

Ronald Steel in The New York 
Times ( IHT Opinion. May 28) says he 
ignores that in saving the narrower 
Europe the Marshall Plan contributed 
to dividing the broader Europe. Sim- 

.. . . » . n i KIATOavnon. 

QOmiC pnuillja « iv# UEW 

political partnerships and the new se- 
curity agenda. “We will afl. is t mere 
open society, face common threats 
from terrorism and organized crime 
and weapons proliferated and drag 
traffickers,” he said. 

“That may mean that we have to 
define our balance of power m terms of 
our capacity ro resist those, and main- 
tain the conditions for progress and 

rtomn/n.' Uf (film mir nm. 

to dividing the broader Europe. Sim- tarn me conum«.» »» ■» 

ilariv Mr Steel warns NATO expan- prosperity and decency within our own 
S SrelX Ctotoo Sdof countries, and that we need people who 
I 421 ^democratic, undivided are neighbors m help us moieton 
Europe and produce a new partition. need to try to be dominating them m an 

. But the vary warning skips past die old-fashioned way. 
fact that it was not the Marshall Plan The Wash, ng, on Post. 

Kabila Should Halt the Killing and Let the Relief Agencies In 

U nited' nations. New 

York — After Laurent 
Kabila’s inauguration as pres- 
ident of the Democratic Repub- 
lic of Congo last week, inter- 
national humanitarian organ- 
izations remain deeply troubled 
by their collective inability to 
get die authorities of the newly 
renamed country to take effec- 
tive action ro end the killing of 
civilians in its forests. 

Despite President Kabila's 
official statements to the special 
representative of the Organiza- 
tion of African Unity and of the 
UN secretary-general. Ambas- 
sador Mohammed Sahnoun, 
and ro other concerned offi- 
cials. die massacres continue. 

UN relief aid officials who 
are assisting in the repatriation 
of Rwandan refugees from 
Mbandaka. near the Congolese 
border, have heard from reliable 
local informants about contin- 
ued killings in the forests. These 
informants say that refugees are 
being “bunted down ’ (tra- 

By Yasushi Akashi 

The writer is United Nations undersecretary-general 
for humanitarian affairs. 

quis) in spite of opposition 
from some non-Tutsi units. 

We have also heard reports 
that the military unit that was 
“cleaning up” south of Kisan- 
gani has been transferred to 

At the same, time, human- 
itarian workers continue to be 
denied full access south of Bi- 
aro, which is 42 kilometers 
from Kisangani. New accounts 
are emerging regarding further 
allegations of gross h uman 
rights abuses at Kilometer 52. 

The nongovernmental orga- 
nization M&lecins sans Fron- 
riferes has issued a report that 
documents human rights vio- 
lations in Congo. 

It seems that the best hope of 
stopping the killings is for Af- 
rican as well as Western leaders 
ro tell President Kabila (and the 

Rwandan authorities who may 
be able to influence his troops) 
that here are good reasons ro 
believe that Tutsi elements of 
the Alliance of Democratic 
Forces for the Liberation of 
Congo are continuing ro com- 
mit war crimes against Rwan- 
dan and Burundian Hutu men, 
women and children in the 
Democratic Republic of Congo, 
and that he and his allies must 
act now ro stop them. 

At the same time, the inter- 
national community must strive 
to persuade President Kabila, 
with full and public support 
from his closest allies, to act 
along these lines: 

• Acknowledge and publicly 
denounce the crimes committed 
by alliance elements against the 

• Order the soldiers of the 

alliance, both through the chain 
of command and through public 
radio broadcasts in the relevant 
local languages, to help and as- 
sist refugees, to take special care 
not to harm unarmed women 
and children, and ro treat those 
men who are unarmed or hors de 
combat in accordance with in- 
ternational humanitarian law. 

• Authorize independent in- 
ternational investigations of al- 
legations against alliance forces, 
including the investigative mis- 
sion of the UN High Commis- 
sioner for Human Rights led by 
Roberto Garreton. 

• Undertake internal inves- 
tigations using impartial mil- 
itary dr judicial investigators 
from outside the zone of ethnic 
conflict, and prosecute and pun- 
ish those who have committed 
war crimes. 

• Afford full and unhindered 
access for the UN High Com- 
missioner for Refugees and other 
humanitarian agencies to areas 
where refugees and other pop- 

For the Children of Angola, Blue Helmets Ought to Stay Put 

dertaking more than NATO possibly 
could handle. Something in between is 
indicated. Secretary of State Madeleine 
Albright would lean toward admitting 
countries that have cleared “the 
highest hurdles of reform'* and are 
prepared militarily. Poland. Hungary 
and the Czechs meet those terms. 

But Slovenia and Romania? They 
are an unmatched pair. Slovenia, 
formerly part of Yugoslavia, is demo- 
cratic and market-oriented, but it 
would bring little to NATO's strategic 
resources. < But Slovenia would be far 
from NATO's smallest member. Lux- 
embourg has only a Fifth and Iceland a 
seventh of its population.) Romania 
would bring much in military and geo- 
political capacity’ for stabilization duty 
in Europe's honest comer, but it has a 
mixed record m reform. 

For both countries, the negatives 
seem more on American leaders’ 
minds than on the minds of most 
NATO Europeans. The matter comes 
down to weighing the particulars of 
each nation against an overall sense of 
w hat is feasible and fair — a sense that 
has not yet taken final form in Amer- 
ican or alliance deliberations. 

However that comes out. it will be 
essential in making the first cut to 
anticipate the second, in order not to 
convey that enlargement is a one-shot 
affair, as some fear and others hope it 
will be. A democracy's inconvenient 
location and complaining neighbors 
should not rule it out for all time. The 
sensitive countries here are the Baltics 
and Ukraine. They are perhaps not 
ready to be accepted now but surely do 
not deserve to be excluded perman- 
ently. Their NATO aspirations — their 
aspirations for a place in the family of 
European democracies — retain a deep 
claim on the policy of the West. 


N EW YORK — At an age 
when American children 
want ro become sports heroes, 
movie stars or president. 11- 
year-old Maria, of Kuito. An- 

t ola, has a different ambition, 
he wants to defuse mines. 

I met Maria in December 
1996, three years after she saw 
her mother killed when she 
stepped on a land mine. It could 
have been put there by the gov- 
ernment or the rebels. Maria 
and her family were fleeing as 
rebels attacked their village. 

At the orphanage where she 
now lives, all the children are 
victims of war. Bie Province, in 
central Angola, was a center of 

By Gail Furman 

violence in 1 992 when the gov- 
ernment's peace accord with 
Unita guerrillas collapsed. 
Kuito endured .a 23-month 
siege. The countryside was left 
densely mined, with roads and 
buildings in ruin. 

Angola's death toll was more 
than 300,000 in the two yearn 
of civil strife that ended in 1 994, 
when United Nations troops ar- 
rived to keep the peace. The 
troops are scheduled ro leave on 
June 30. 

Many of Angola's 5.3 mil- 
lion children — nearly half the 
country’s population — are still 

suffering. The Kuito orphanage 
is strewn with nibble and has no 
roof, electricity or running wa- 
ter. let alone books. When I 
visited, two staff members took 
care of 92 children. 

At 13, Jos6 was kidnapped by 
a Unita battalion that killed hts 
parents and forced him ro serve 
three years as a soldier. Du- 
ra iga, who is 12, was paralyzed 
when he was shot in the back by 
a government soldier. 

When I gave out crayons to 
Josd, Duraiga and other chil- 
dren at the orphanage, asking 
them to draw pictures of how 

Is the Bigger ASEAN Better? 

H ong kong — it is a 

done deaL There will be 
10 members of the Associ- 
ation of South East Asian Na- 
tions, including newcomers 
Burma, Cambodia and Laos, 
to celebrate the organization’s 
30th birthday in July. Whether 
a bigger ASEAN is a better 
one has yet to been seen. 

Is this like letting the 
Czechs, Poles and Hungarians 
into the European Union? Or 
is it like letting Albania. Ro- 
mania and Bulgaria into Euro- 
pean monetary union? 

The demands of geography 
have now been satisfied. 
ASEAN is complete. 

Plausible reasons for delay, 
such as government confusion 
in Cambodia, did exist that 
would not have placed the 
blame where it surely be- 
longed — on the ruling junta 

in Rangoon. 

But w the end it was felt that 
delay would waste an oppor- 
tunity to exploit the symbol- 
ism of die anniversary and 
would imply humiliation of 
the leaders who had insisted 
most publicly that expansion 
would go ahead. President 
Suharto of Indonesia and 
Prime Minister Mahathir bin 
Mohamad of Malaysia: 

Three countries and 60 mil- 
lion more people could add 
proportionately to the group's 
international clout. And the 
additions mean a better bal- 
ance between mainland and 
island Southeast Asia. With- 
out Burma, which in size and 
history is the equal of Thai- 
land and Vietnam. ASEAN 
would look lopsided. Admis- 
sion of Cambodia and Laos 
enhances their role as buffer 

By Philip Bowring 

states in the competition be- 
tween Thais and Vietnamese. 

There is hope that ASEAN 
identity will reduce a junta- 
run Burma's dependence on 
China. Rangoon owes many 
favors to Beijing for military 
and diplomatic support. 

Mainland Chinese business 
has established a leading role 
in Burmese trade. Together 
with the interests of ethnic 
Chinese from elsewhere, these 
groups, allied ro the junta, are 
even more dominant in 
Burmese commerce than were 
their counterparts. Indian and 
Chinese, in the immediate 
postcolonial era before their 
expulsion by Ne Win. 

The military junta will now 
feel the southerly pull of 
ASEAN gravity. Enhanced 
opportunities for market-ori- 
ented development will, it is 
assumed, spur economic re- 
form within Burma. 

However, there is plenty 
of potential downside for 
ASEAN- The group’s inter- 
national standing has owed at 
least as much to economic 
success and the prestige of 
durable leaders such as 
Suharto as to its strength as an 
institution. The current lead- 
erships in Burma and Cam- 
bodia will have a negative im- 
pact on international per- 
ceptions. even among those 
with no interest in democratic 

The clubby atmosphere in 
ASEAN has been bruised by 
arguments over Burma. Ti was 
always going to be hard ro 
sustain dubbiness as ASEAN 

expanded, but the Burma is- 
sue could leave a lingering 
sour taste. For the first time, 
enlargement of ASEAN has 
become a contentious issue 
within the region. 

Entry of three impover- 
ished states will also complic- 
ate — possibly family under- 
mine — ASEAN's ambitious 
free trade agenda. 

Finally, and perhaps most 
important, enlargement will 
dilute ASEAN’s ability to 
have much influence on the 
region's most difficult inter- 
national issue. China's claims 
over the South China Sea. 

Most recently, ASEAN has 
shown minimal solidarity 
with Vietnam and the Phil- 
ippines in the face of Chinese 

Earlier this year. China sent 
a drill ship to waters within 
Vietnam’s Exclusive Eco- 
nomic Zone and on its con- 
tinental shelf, and last month it 
was promoting its claim to the 
Scarborough shoal, which lies 
close to the Philippines coast 
ASEAN leaders have found it 
easier to fire rhetorical salvos 
against Western interference 
than to risk offending China 
with strong statements. 

As none of the three new 
members has any direct in- 
terest in the South China Sea. 
the likelihood of a united 
stand against China on an is- 
sue which affects five out of 
the seven current members is 
further reduced. 

In short, inclusion of all 10 
states is a formidable achieve- 
ment for ASEAN, but it makes 
the pursuit of a coherent 
agenda that much harder. 

International Herald Tribune. 

they imagined themselves in 
five years, I was surprised by 
the results. 

They calmly concentrated on 
their drawings, spontaneously 
sharing crayons. The more con- 
fident children helped the more 
hesitant About half of the 
drawings were gory scenes of 
war, while the others showed 
happy mothers walking under 
jacaranda trees or teenagers 
kicking soccer balls — often 
with UN protectors nearby. 

Our informal survey found 
22 orphans who wanted to be- 
come teachers. 10 aspiring 
nurses or doctors, eight who 
hoped to be priests, four who 
wanted to work for the United 
Nations — and three who 
wanted ro defuse some of the 
millions of land mines still left- 
in Angola. 

For a country in need of re- 
building. Angola commands 
considerable natural resources: 
oil fields in the northwest, dia- 
mond mines in the northeast. 
But of the $2 billion in oil and 
diamond revenues last year, $1.5 
billion was spent on military 
equipment. And although 90 
pricent of Angola's land is ar- 
able, most of h remains mined. 

Last October, when Secretary 
of State Warren Christopher 
visited, the government and the 
Unita rebels pledged ro destroy 
15 tons of stockpiled mines 
This has not yet been done. Nor 
has there been much progress in 
the disarming of government 
and guerrilla militias. 


1897: Red Volunteers conflict between the Fascist or- 

RQME — One of the things 
occupying public attention at 
Rome at present is the Garibal- 
dtan volunteers en route for 
llaly. Regarding these red-shin 
volunteers, a recommendation 
was sent to Athens from one of 
the Powers to have disarmed 
and sent back as quickly as pos- 
sible both the Garibaldians and 
the Republicans from various 
countries who had gone to enroll 
mwnselves in the Greek army 
more with the object of con- 
tinuing a political propaganda 
dan of fighting the Turk. 

1922: Fascist Alarm 

— A state of civil war 
vmua% exists m tf* Bologna 
SJ" ^ herc thousand Ks- 

concentrated, fully 
pupped and organised und^ 
strict military discipline The 
situation is regarded " 
teak out at any moment into a 

conflict between the Fascist or- 
ganizations throughout ** 

country and the regular troops. 
The cause of the situation rests 
°u the struggle for control of the 
peasants and workers of Central 
and Northern Italy which has 
been going on for the last year 
between the Fascist! bn die one 
side and the Socialists and Com- 
munists on the other. 

1947: 53 Die in Crash 

PORT DEPOSIT, Md. — fifty- 
three persons were killed when 
a four-engined DC-4 Eastern 
Airlines plane plummeted 
UOO feet to the earth and blew 
to pieces. It was the worst com- 
mercial aviation crash in Amer- 
ican history. By an irony of fa®- 
the airliner crashed before the 
eyes of an inspection group of 
the Civil Aeronautics Board 
which had just returned from 
the air disaster at LaGuardia 
Field where a United Airlines 
plane smashed up. 

, IhiU 

r I 

’ T A 

L V 

u lotions ar risk may be found. 

• Welcome and ensure die * 
security of UN and nongovem- ' 
mental human rights monitors, 
as well as UNHCR protection 
staff, who could ensure respect 
for human rights, humanitarian 
law. refugee law and human- 
itarian principles. 

African leaders gather this 
Monday in Harare, Zimbabwe, 
for an OAU summiL Let them 
come forward with a strong and 
clear message that, in welcom- 
ing President Kabila into their 
midst, they expect die new lead- 
er to accept his full responsi- ■ 
bility for protecting the basic 
human rights of his citizens as 
well as for respecting the OAU 
Refugee Convention. 

President Kabila could use die 
opportunity to gain international . 
respect and. more importantly. 1 
concrete support for the reha- 
bilitation and development of 
his country, which are essential 
for the security of the region. 

International Herald Tribune. 



Thousands of Angolan re- 
fugees in Zambia and Congo 
(the former Zaire) and 1J mil- 
lion displaced Angolans fear re- 
turning to villages where ten- 
sions persist 

That is why it is premature 
for the 6.000 UN troops in An- 
gola to leave next month. To 
replace them, as planned, with 
500 human rights observers 
when the peace is so tenuous is 
the wrong response. 

Not only should the United 
Nations delay the withdrawal, 
as it has several times already, it 
should send special forces to 
help Angolans rid their country 
of the land mines. 

It is hard to change the habits 
of a country that has been at war 
for so long. “I want to be a 
soldier and begin killin g every- 
one who killed my unde.” said 
Carlo, 14, one of the children at 
the Kuito orphanage. 

Yet as the drawings of Maria 
and her companions attest, the 
blue helmets of the UN troops 
have become beacons of safety 
in the Angolan imagination. 
Only with a sustained UN pres- 
ence can the children of the 
Kuito orphanage realize the 
hopes that they illustrated with 
crayons and paper. 

The writer, a child psycho- 
logist. is chairman of the Chil- 
dren's Task Force of the 7/om- 
en's Commission for Refugee 
Women and Children. She con- 
tributed this comment to The 
New York Times. 

SMOOTH A - SILK i$ 827 ?! 





'jcrv.&a- . _• 

nr fmfeag 

t 4fcafry*vJ . 
Hr ttf jprt* 


! 4itf -T*if V 




U> A; -<* 

et|«dr- j ■ 

ifu* ;=• .i. 

k** v* «* 
■*-*: v i* 
%<.' .k 

r-* VW» 

i •• u»* i"-- 



O < n*}i 
;jh J. -ril 

a jW si - *: . 
fell' *“-* 

n,' S^sL- -«.?;• • » 
Jfcs: A, 1 '!, r. r r^' - 
,‘ffii jlAU n- 

* *^fl i;r.* ;. 

±.J!wr.’ - -• 
!nt*: V* 

iijiil-w fir:." , 

n'v:jiur:. . 

•> *•-, .-■: 

vV’.?‘Vj.: _ r • 

*fc u.; - 

Uit‘- .- • .• 



-, - -f: ..' 

"r i 

I The Water Is Now Fizzy Everywhere 

* Relief Agencies I D 

fe l hart a* 

*raf yw';-- 

***-. »rt Tc *j>- jr..- 
ePf. *vi r -i-'v.' j. ;.; - 

• take • - 1- 

utatwr ! -t. > ■■-*:- 
•sOd s«- i;ros W-.- 
»-\*f*»sc.: - : ;-Jt 
..-•Vifcftt- -V r - 

Kt .izafcttr.jvi::: - 
— . • >■ 

sfcU.Jul-*r *;« “jr.'- 
Wv«ttj*.4 *iv- 


P-'f-'-li r i - 


U .ft,. — 


^uh tfJ^vr. 

C X^- ••’ ^™:=, 
*3kv-**‘ ■**- r*- 

S**« ,.^-tSVli?.. 

I {ftk- ti.-J.-r VtTTV 

It^jprr. trj *r*T 

•f**.'*^ V; 4|>.- 4 

r* jotf -*»' T '•vt- 

By William S afire ■ ■ ■>■ 

■ ' .y-f.4 

W ASHINGTON — Soda ^'.V 
water svinbolizes sobri- t|'!:i 
ety. “Let us have wine and \4v 
women, mirth and laughter.” -ig.?, 
sang Byron's Don Juan, “Ser- ’ x y 
mens and soda water die day 1^.' 
after." These must be sober -S 
dmes. Never have we had such a “ ’£%■ 
variety of words to denote water tV^ 
with bubbles in it. / (r 

Remember seltzer? It was the \L,* 
sole ingredient of a rwo cents 
plain, which is what residents of f A 
the Bronx called a glass of soda ‘ 
water that sold for 5 cents in the K2 
'40s. when I last ordered one at vSj; 
the High School of Science. The 
German word comes from min- 
eral water from Nieder Sellers. 
Prussia, called Sehcrser War- ■■ 
ser. v iV s 

But seated in an elegant res- 
raurant at a power lunch, how 
does one order a calorie-free, 
fat-free, alcohol-free, custom-slavish 
drink? I tried “rwo dollars plain” but 
drew a blank stare from the wairrvn. 
Seltzer is d£class€ because it reminds 
late-night television viewers of wild 
attacks by the Three Stooges, who of- 



ry Fizzle is of echoic origin. 

x " meaning it is a word coined to 

approximate a sound, and dares 
w ) \7l -■£-■!!$ y'-yi from a 1532 scatological use. 

Fi— came a century and a half 

1 ' ; v v ; later, followed by the adjective 
■-*' : “ fizzy, which Rudyard Kipling 

* ' used to describe Champagne: 

1 ‘ ,The Captain stood a limberful 

of fizzy — Somethin' Bruit.” 
But what if all chat fizzing 
causes you to belch? Or gives 
' you that bloated feeling? How 

V t Y - Y0U or ^ er P^ a ‘ n M J ter. which 

f f rfjTS 8 ©I M ■ * n sells 10 times the 

JL, \ ^ lyf.J J; amount of sparkling water? 

I HK it ^ you're a swain out to im- 

nL v \ press a Southern belle, try 

t -^4. brunch water: a branch means a 
iXi '■ : : iT "small stream" in the Caro- 
■ Cn linas and Virginia, and bourbon 

CN^rjX . branch water is as familiar 

.*■■■ there as Scotch and soda is up 

N( ? th ' 

■ -«*w<a= ■ Few say wp hw anymore: 

sinbt akibott though beer on tap is fresh and 
desirable, water from the tap is 
beian or apologetic or cheap, recalling rarely spoken of, though frequently 
soda pop. The pop was the sound of the given. When ordering water, if the 
bubbles as they released their gas at the waiter asks “ sparkling ?" it is more 
surface. soigne to reply still rather than tap or 

How about the Byronic soda water?' fiat . In France, Fean mine rale is still. 

*rr ■ 

-.H* . 1-jr <*» ■ - i 

•yf ■ 
■.«c :a%-i 

Nkulat AkIbAHT 

beian or aTOlogetic or cheap, recalling 
soda pop. The pop was the sound of the 

That's a little more upscale, for almost 

ten brandished jf/rrer bottles; the word three centuries meaning "water 
applies ro the water given its bubbles charged under pressure with carbonic 
by the process of carbonation invented add gas.” 

by Joseph Priestley in 1767. and not Much more impressive to flight at- 
from the natural bubbliness of under- tendants pushing fat carts down narrow 
ground springs. aisles is sparkling water. 

You could say soda, or to add em- The most recent term encompassing 

phasis. plain soda (which also differ- 
entiates it from bicarbonate of soda). 
but somehow plain soda sounds ple- 

all unflavored effervescent beverages. 
sparkling or club, mineral-enriched or 
seltzer, is fizzy water. 


usually Evian. and with gazeuse added 
it becomes sparkling, but an order of 
mineral water in the U.S. is an in- 
vitation to further interrogation of 
"sparkling or still?" 

If you prefer the bubbles, the with-it 
tenn is fizzy water, an adaptation of 
British slang for Champagne. With or 
without minerals, unbruised by ice, its 
age is not yet done. (Uip.) 

New York Times Service 

By Alan Truscott 

T HE first laws of the game 
were written seven de- 
cades ago by a committee 
headed by Harold C. Richard. 
This was less than two years 
after Harold Vanderbilt intro- 
duced the modem game of 
contract bridge. 

Three decades later, during 
a dinner honoring Vanderbilt 
at the Whist Club of New 
York. Richard played neatly 
on the diagramed deal. He 
opened the South hand with 
&>ne spade in third seat, and 
was raised pre-emptively to 

” A minor-suit lead would 
have been helpful to declarer, 
but West led the heart ace, a 

lucky choice, and continued 
with a low heart. 

South ruffed, and guessed 
that the spade ace was on his 
right because West, inferen- 
tially, had shown six of the 10 
points in the heart suit. 

He therefore led to the dia- 
mond king, and led a trump. 
East played a normal second- 
hand low, and that proved to 
be an error. Richard won, and 
crossruffed in the red suits. 
Eventually East had to take 
his ace of trumps and was 
endplayed: he had to lead a 
club or else give a ruff and 
sluff. solving South's club 
problem in either case. 

Richard would have been 
put to a tougher test if East had 
taken his spade ace immedi- 
ately. preventing an endplay. 

South would be able to draw 
the missing tramp and cross- 
iuff before facing his club 
problem, and would be able ro 
solve it by counting points. 
West would have shown up 
with nine points, and would 
no doubt have doubled one 
spade if he held the club ace. 
But if East held the club ace. 
he could not have the jack, for 
that would give him a total of 
13 points, and therefore a 
clear opening bid, counting 
four in each major suit. 

If that had happened. West 
would have had to blame him- 
self for failing to make a 
tricky lead of the heart queen 
at the second trick. That 
would suggest that he held the 
jack, and complicate South's 
task in locating the club jack. 

+ Q10942 


* J 

7 A Q54 

* J865 

0 10 9 5 


By Charles T. Powers. 384 pages. $23. 

Reviewed by Wayne Karlin 

r T 1 HREE years ago. I made a trip to the 
1 Polish town where my mother had 
lived before coming to the United States. 
As with all towns in northeast Poland, its 
Jewish population had been massacred 
in the Holocaust, but I had a photograph 
of my grandfather's grave in the Jewish 
cemerery and I wanted to see if I could 
find it. What I found sickened me: Any 
sign that Jews had once lived in the town 
had been erased, along with their 
cemetery, and there was no memorial in 
the pretty park built over the site from 
which 2,000 Jews had been taken to be 
machine-gunned into nearby ditches. 

It is a tribute to the power of this novel 
that reading it provoked in me the same 
unanswerable questions and the same 
helpless rage and grief I'd felt standing 
in that park. 

Charles T. Powers was the Los An- 
geles Times Bureau chief in Warsaw 
from 1986 to 1991. He died last year, 
before this book was published. He has 
left us a finely crafted novel that creates, 
with complete authority, a richly nu- 
anced sense of both place and. the people 
who live there. "In the Memory of the 
Forest” brilliantly explores a nation's 
agonized and futile attempts to free itself 


1 Civil disorder 
■ Urban haze 
9 Diners 

14 Workers 
protection org. 

» Variety of line 

19 Hold dear 

17 Tizzy 

18 The New Yorker 
cartoonist Peter 

Th terry's river 

20 'Petticoat 

23 Lyricist Rice 

24 Granola grain 

29 Copyists 

27 Trim, as a tree 

32 Arp's art 

33 Military 
address: Abbr. 

34 Fishing line 
29 The "S" in 


39 State north of 

41 Adventures 

43 Battle of 

44 Big news 

49 Reacting lights 
49 Ames and 

49 Pub orders 
si Practice 




0 A J64 
AQ 109 

East and West were vulnerable. The 









4 + 




Wot led the heart ace. 

Solution to Puzzle of May 30 

□EnaniHa nacnaana 
Bnnnnna apjsiancin 
nmainHOD nnaaaaa 
□□sana OHraaQ a □□ 
naan oqhcjii anna 
□nn sqeshs annan 
snaaaiaaa aoBacia 
aHtaann □□□aamaa 
HmQQa naaaa □□□ 
□she aanaa □□□□ 
□□a □□□□□ HEsaon 
bshdqqq ujGJBaaaa 
□ehuobe HHtDaaaa 
□uauaua Qinaaaaa 

from the grip of its history. TTie plot 
follows Leszek. a young farmer in mod- 
em. post-Communist Poland, as he in- 
vestigates the murder of a friend who 
may have been involved w-ith a Russian 
weapons-smuggling ring. 

Leszek 's quest takes him to the buried 
past of Jadowia, his town: its older 
crimes have been incorporated into the 
structure of its relationships, into the 
very stones of its houses, the soil of its 
forest. As he thinks of the married wom- 
an with whom he has had an affair. 
Leszek's comments reflect the power of 
ignored memory to curse individuals, 
and towns, and nations: "I had dis- 
counted her life before 1 entered it. 
denied the force of ... the memory she 
would have to cany with her. I could say 
to myself — and I had tried — that her 
memories before me were bad. and best 
forgotten, and that together we would 
create new ones to supplant the old. good 
ones to cover the bad. But all around me. 
memories recurred: like stones in a path, 
they pushed up. Memory had a future as 
well as a past." 

The town of Jadowia is trying to forget 
two pasts: the last half-cennuy of to- 
talitarianism and the moral compromises 
citizens had to make to live within that 
system, and the time before that, when 
most of the town's population, now van- 
ished. was Jewish. Now. mysteriously, 
the foundations of homes and buildings 
are being undermined, stones removed 
during the night, as if someone has not 


93 Edmonton's 
99 Everything 
57 Random 
aa ’Father Knows 
Beet' setting 

■4 Texas sita to 

ee Have good 


97 Sewing case 

98 Georgia city, 
home of Mercer 

ea Color of linen 

70 Final Four in its. 

71 Pronunciation 

7> Make-believe 
73 Eschew 

1 ha-Shanah 

2 "Money 


3 Louisville's river 

4 Dragon, perhaps 
s Big Ten team 

from East 

9 Nuctear missile, 

7 Prefix meaning 
56- Across 

• London lockups 

• Kodaks. B.g. 

19 Nabokov novel 

11 "The Phil Silvers 
Show* setting 

12 Sgt. Bilko 

13 Looks like 

21 Prominent 
rabbit features 

22 Digital readout, 
for short 

28 Mrs. McKinley 
and others 

27 Beavers' 

28 Kind of 

2B'I Dream of 
Jeannie” setting 

30 Marsh duck 

31 ’Pomp and 

35 Shiny fabric 

37 Auto pioneer 

38 Victory margin, 
at times 

40 Tunnel 

43 Moss (or potting 

49 non grata 

47 Prefix witn 

so Nascar sponsor 

52 Little green men 

53 Revolutionary 
leader Samuel 

54 Light purple 

as Pisces's follower 

99 Scratch ill 

forgotten, as if ' 'someone had to be look- 
ing for something. Something hidden." 

Powers's gripping narrative and fully 
realized characters show how people can 
forget too milituntly — or remember too 
vindictively. The latter is epitomized in 
the campaign of Father Jerzy, a young 
priest who wants revenge against the now 
discredited Communists who ran the 
town. Yet as an older priest. Father 
Tudeusz. reminds him. there is also "the 
rruth of Jesus ... He taught forgiveness." 
And Tadeusz is bothered by the select- 
iveness of Jerzy's recall: "Aren't you 
stopping short? Is it sufficient, once 
you've started, to draw die line some- 
where and call it finished? . . . What about 
the Jews? . . . There's not a mark in the 
village to remember them, discounting, 
of course, the hateful slogans scrawled 
here and there." 

’ ‘That's old stuff. Father — Poles arc 
sick of being held responsible in some 
way for what happened to the Jews. It 
was not our fault. Enough." 

Yet “In the Mmoty of the Forest" 
does not only leave the reader in despair 
at the human ability to obliterate both 
inconvenient lives and inconvenient 
memories. As the novel reveals the truth 
about those stones and murders, it reaches 
a heartbreaking climax that both shakes 
us and leaves us with a sense of hope. 

lli/yne Karlin' v. whose latest book is 
“Rumors and Stones: A Journey." wrote 
this for The W ashington P,>st. 


OPietr York Times/Edited by I fill Shorts. 

90 Nick and — 

si Make an aquatint 
82 Hilo least 

95 Cut the grass 

Ought to Slay Put 

■M'X-ft-f; -isr-: fc ; . 

. 1' 4.'.'; - J' 

_u.. - . 


rl'JJ *»-».; 


' .*£«»-:•. vVe 
» wf’.r 

• a • • 

r-- Iv 

I ,m Vr-r:--. 


rtte- ».-:«• -J- 

i maun si -v -— 



tmdt '-■■■■ - 

i» T *L .« . „ 

i • 

It.w'iry x - 

v. - ~ • 


i| t 

**OV*i* ***■! ** 

*•*#**#*’'• •- 
= J-.weT _r 

,* J.I.? . . 

CC$ Wfi, »'}» ; 

JJ 1 v'trrf- - ®— . " - •— 

.■1 I 

-I'm-.' ■- ' 

i .Mtomm "9 


** -wfM- 

,4 ' J • 


^k; » r 


Mr? * - 

pt .4**' 'MWJ 

«**• • 

n-V*^ tk 

■?* — 

BM •rtn» 

J*J* ' - 

*#*■/ .44. 

«P«V, " 

* 1 ' 

A •" ‘ 

v * * ' - 

1 %t«r«i 

L f ■ ' 
t*r-- • - 



• ♦ev • • 


hr * ‘ 

w*&. «*•"' 

■e • 

gjgfatf ■ 

: - - 


► ‘ — 

{ rJ- 3 

No matter where you’re 
flying to in Asia, Thai 
has a flight on Its schedule 
that’s sure to suit yours. 
We fly to more countries 
In Asia than any other 
airline with 827 flights every 
week to 37 destinations. 
Thai. Smooth as silk. 


PAGE 10 



Ruling Body Named in Sierra Leone 


FREETOWN, Sierra Leone — Ne- 
gotiators said Sunday they bad struck a 
deal with the army to end die coup in 
Sierra Leone and bring back the ousted 
civilian president, but the new military 
strongman went ahead with naming his 
ruling Council- 

Diplomats playing host to talks with 
the army played down the coup leader's 
radio announcement, saying they still 
expected a deal to be signed. 

Major Johnny Paul Koromah an- 
nounced the creation of a 20-member 
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council 
including die rebel leader Foday Sankoh 
as deputy chairman and three members 
of Mr. Sankoh’ s Revolutionary United 


Three brigadiers and four colonels 
were also named to the policy-making 
body, as well as a handful of civilians 
including the secretary-general and the 
attorney-general pf the government. 

Major Koromah's statement said the 
cabinet would be announced later. 

But a senior Western diplomat said 
the announcement of the ruling council 
was intended to reassure the army’s 
lower ranks and the Revolutionary 
United Front, which opposed a nego- 
tiated settlement 



"As they say, it’s rearranging 
deck chairs on the Titanic.” saic 
diplomat “We expect an agreement to 
be reached and if the RUF opposes it, the 
regional force will go for them.” ' 

Nigeria. Ghana and Guinea have sent 
troops ready for a military strike if ne- 
gotiations rail. 

The British high commissioner. Peter 
Penfold, and the Nigerian high com- 
missioner. Chidi Abu-Bakar, have been 
hosting a series of secret preliminary 
talks culminating in a comprehensive 
meeting Sunday. 

A Sierra Leonian politician who par- 
ticipated in the talks said a formal an- 
nouncement was expected later in the 

“The latest is that a deal has been cut,” 
a senior diplomat said. "Evetything 
should be in place in a day or two.” 

The diplomat said that Mr. Sankoh's 
rebels, who have been fighting a bush 
war since 1991 and have allied with the 
coup leaders, opposed a settlement and 
had not been part of the negotiations. 

Under the expected agreement, the 
Nigerian-led force that has been assem- 
bling in Freetown since the coup May 25 
would deploy to secure key points and 
keep order in the capital: 

The deposed president, Ahmad Tejan 

Kabbah, fled to nei£ 
sought help from west African leaders. 

As agesture toward die leaders of the 
coup, Mr. Kabbah's cabinet would be 
shuffled to. reflect some of their griev- 
ances. The coup leaders have accused 
Mr. Kabbah of failing to consolidate a 
peace deal with the Revolutionary 
United Front and of causing tension be- 
tween the country's ethnic groups. 

* It was not immediately clear how the 
agreement had addressed concerns of 
the coup leaders for safe conduct and 
possible asylum abroad — the subject of 
jneliniinaiy discussions brokered by Mr. 

Diplomats said the Revolutionary 
United Front’s resistance to a deal had 
already led to serious rifts between its 
commanders and the coup leaders. Si- 
erra Leonian sources said two people 
had been killed in gunfights between 
rebels and soldiers. 

Earlier Sunday, helicopters from a 
U.S. Navy ship evacuated the last Amer- 
icans and Europeans who had taken 
refuge in two beachside hotels from the 
widespread looting and violence that 
followed the coup. 

“All those that wanted to go were 
evacuated," Commodore Greg Ertel 
said from the U.S. warship Kearsarge' 

IhodI Smupt/\pnm a Knuin 1 

A Marine bolding a' child during an evacuation in Freetown on Sunday. 

Kurt Alfred Adler, * 

Therapist in His 
Father’s Mold, Dies 

, New York Times Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — Kim Alfred Adler. 
92, a therapist who spent a career seeking 
to put into practice the novel approach to 
psychotherapy of his father. Alfred 
Adler, the Viennese psychiatrist, and to 
extend its reach, died here Wednesday. 

Dr. Adler was medical director and 
lecturer at the Alfred Adler Institute in 
Manhattan for 45 years and practiced ar 
Lenox Hill Hospital. For 39 years he was 
president of the board of the Advanced 
Institute for Analytic Psychotherapy in 

A theme in his father's work was that 
women must have equal rights with men. 
His father argued that aggression in men 
might result if the individual did not 
sufficiently grasp the concept of equality 
of the sexes. 

Alfred Adler, who died in 1937, broke 
with Sigmund Freud over the centrality 
of infantile sexuality in Freudian psy- 

Instead, he believed that people are 
driven by inferiority feelings and com- 
pensate by hying to achieve compet- 
ence, mastery and power. 

\(t : 


Even in Exile, Mobutu Blights 

By Lynne Duke 

Wtuhington Pmt Servwe 

KINSHASA, Congo — Down a din road as 
wretched as an alley, past a ditch of murky, 
stagnant water and behind a rotted, little house 
with no chairs to sit on. Mary Nzenzi struggles 
each day to keep the demon of the empty stomach 
at bay. Some would call the demon hunger, but it 
is bigger, more ominous, more far-reaching than 
that In Maty Nzenzi’s world along Kindongolosi 
Street, where girls skip rope with tattered pieces 
of cloth and boys kick soccer balls made of refuse 
bound with string, the demon that threatens life 
itself is still called Mobutu Sese Seko. 

While Marshal Mobutu, the deposed ruler of 
Zaire, now called Congo, recently began a life of 
comfortable exile supported by his three-decade- 
long pillage of one of Africa's wealthiest nations. 
Miss Nzenzi, 53. lives in poverty. She farms a tiny 
plot that produces the cheapest vegetables for sale 
to people who can barely afford to buy them. Miss 
Nzenzi. the mother of seven, felt fortunate one 
recent evening to serve rice with palm oil for 
dinner — her family’s only meal that day. 

Millions of people live like this, on the fringes 
of a ruined economy that is the tragic legacy of 
Marshal Mobutu's nearly 32 years in power. 

Although blessed with huge deposits of dia- 
monds, cobalt, copper and other natural riches, 
the country became one of the poorest in the 
world as Marshal Mobutu and his ruling circle 

skimmed revenues and allowed the infrastructure 
to crumble. 

Now, following his rebel forces’ victoiy over 
Marshal Mobutu and installation of a new gov- 
ernment. President Laurent Kabila has promised 
reform, development, investment and jobs. De- 
spite signs of stiff opposition to his rule, Mr. 
Kabila's ouster of Marshal Mobutu has 
awakened long-dead hopes and expectations for 
many of Kinshasa's poor. 

Mr. Kabila’s government says it will create an 
‘ 'economy of die social market.' ' intended to put 
the needs of the people first The reality, 
however, is that the needs of the people are vast 
and cannot be met until there is a real economy. 
"The state is insolvent; most state-owned en- 
terprises and financial institutions are de facto 
bankrupt.’ ’ a 1 994 World Bank report said. ‘ 'The 
overall size of the economy has shrunk to the 
level of 1958. albeit with a population 2.9 times 
larger." Annual per-capita income in the new 
Congo is less than S 1 50. 

Socioeconomic chaos is so severe that it will 
take years to correct it. with hardship likely to 
worsen before a recovery begins, said the coun- 
try's new finance minister. Mwana Mu warn 
panga, an American-trained economist 

Miss Nzenzi. who ran into the street with her 
always-hungty children to hail Mr. Kabila's 
army when it surged into the city on May 17, has 
welcomed Marshal Mobutu's demise with the 
humblest of hopes. 

the Lives of His Poorest Former Subjects 

“I want to be given money to continue my 
business," she said, "continue working in the 
field, produce more than I am producing, because 
if I'm working I can sell more, I can get more 
money, feed my children, send them to school.' * 
Although it is a bustling metropolis of 5 mil- 
lion people, Kinshasa ’s formal economy has 
practically been crushed. Venality and incom- 
petence, in which contracts were awarded based 
on familial or political connections, bave left few 
jobs, and most of those that exist are in the 

The ouster of Mobutu has 
awakened long-dead hopes. 

phantom state bureaucracy where wages can be 
as low as S10 a month, when they are paid at all. 
What thrives in place of a formal economy is a 
huge, competitive informal sector. Mothers and 
fathers take their children to tiny plots of land in 
the middle of die city to grow cassava, com and 
other vegetables that are the safety net of the 
subsistence economy. 

Kinshasa is like a Dickens novel, with children 
forming bands of thieves who prey on adult 
sympathy while picking the nearest pocket 
Marshal Mobutu is believed to have stolen 
between $150 million and $400 million a year 
throughout the 1980s from Zaire’s copper and 
cobalt revenues. With Marshal Mobutu leading 

the pack of corrupt civilian and military officials 
— most of whom have fled in fear of their lives — 
it is no wonder that Congo is buried under an 
international debt put at $14 billion. 

Mr. Mawampanga, the finance minister, has 
set up several commissions to find solutions to 
the country’s financial collapse. Pledges of as- 
sistance from abroad also have been pouring in. 
The finance minister said a combination of heavy 
foreign and domestic investment, coupled with 
large-scale private-sector job creation and the 
sell-off or write-off of Zaire's debt, could boost 
the country's economic prospects. 

A self-described "free-marfcet type," Mr. 
Mawampanga said the state would have to reduce 
the padded civil service, while offering incent- 
ives to the private sector to invest 

Even before Mr. Kabila's rebel movement 
seized the country, multinational corporations 
were lining up for a stake in the copper, cobalt 
diamond and gold mines that are the pillars of the 
economy. But considering Congo's desperate 
straits. Mr. Mawampanga said it was appropriate 
for the new government to impose conditions on 
those rushing forward in a new scramble for 
African wealth. Those companies will have to 
promise to be "good corporate citizens." Mr. 
Mawampanga said, citing as an example a 
French-owned textile mill that has a clinic for the 
surrounding community. 

Mawampanga believes that the nations 

that backed 

Marshal Mobutu have a respon- 

sibility to Congo. The United States provided 
Marshal Mobutu with millions of dollars in aid. 
loans and covert payments from the CIA during 
the years when he was viewed as a Cold War 
bulwark against the spread of communism. But 
aid to Marshal Mobutu's Zaire was cut off in 
1991 under a U.S. law that prevents assistance to 
countries that have defaulted on U.S. loans. 

"Everybody who gave money to this man has 
got to share responsibility." Mr. Mawampanga 
said. "They knew rhis man would never repay 
the money." 

People like Miss Nzenzi lived under Marshal 
Mobutu in quiet submission. Uprisings were rare, 
and when wide-scale looting occurred in 1991 
and 1 993 it was sparked by the wrath of the army, 
which was unpaid and neglected. 

The scratching and clawing that characterizes 
daily life has rendered this a nation always on the 
take, always with a hand outstretched — either 
from the greed fostered by Marshal Mobutu or 
from desperation. 

Miss Nzenzi falls into the latter category, with 
persistent entreaties, even to a visiting stranger, 
about her family's needs. 

When a neighbor ran to fetch a chair so a 
visitor to Miss Nzenzi 's house could sit, Miss 
Nzenzi laughed and said, "Maybe you can buy 
me a chair." 

Several more such attempts followed, until she 
gave up with a final, sardonic plea: “Maybe you 
can find a husband to give me money.” 


2d Weekend Blast 
Kills 6 in Algiers 

ALGIERS — A powerful explo- 
sion rocked Algiers and killed six 
people on Sunday, five days before 
legislative elections lhai are op- 
posed by Muslim militants. 

The blast came a day after a 
movie house in downtown Algiers 
was bombed killing one person and 
wounding 24 others. Hospital 
sources said 15 others were injured 
in the blast on Sunday in the city's 
Bab cl-Oued neighborhood, con- 
sidered a stronghold of Muslim fun- 
damentalists. \AP) 

Border Is Lifted 
By Iraq and Syria 

BAGHDAD — Iraq and Syria 
will reopen their border, which has 
been closed for 15 years, after an 
Iraqi trade delegation visits Dam- 
ascus. Commerce Minister Mo- 
hammad Mehdi Saleh of Iraq said 
on Sunday. 

The two sides have agreed that it 
will be passible to use Syrian ports 
for the importation of goods to Iraq 
under the UN oil-for-food accord. 
Mr. Saleh said. 

He added ihut u Syrian trade del- 
egation which traveled to Baghdad 
in late May. on the first such \ isit in 
almost two decades, had already 
crossed the border. >.\FP) 

Bolivian Election 
Seen as Close Call 

LA PAZ — Bolivians voted 
Sunday in a presidential election in 
which Hugo Banzer. a rightist gen- 
eral who seized power in 1471 and 
ruled lor seven years, was favored 
ultimately to win. 

But Mr. Banzer was not expected 
to gain a decisive majority Sunday 
and may have to face a former pres- 
ident. Jaime Paz Zamora of the Rev- 
olutionary Left Movement, in a run- 
off in August . { Reuters t 

Health Problems 
Plague Aborigines 

CANBERRA — Aboriginal 
death rates from some discuses are 
up to 23 limes higher lhan for the 
rest of Australia’s mostly white 
population, according to a report 
describing Aboriginal health as the 
worst in the world. 

Researchers who presented the 
report to Prime Minister John 
Howard last week requested new 
government efforts, including vac- 
cinations for respiratory diseases 
that afflict a relatively high per- 
centage of Aborigines. tAP) 

ares of the Terrain 

What Horrors Are Hidden in Congo’s Jungle? 

By Donald G. McNeil Jr. 

New York Times Sen-ire 

KISANGANL Congo — From inside 
the huge C-I30 and Ilyushin cargo 
planes that are ferrying refugees home to 
Rwanda from Congo, it is easy to see 
how 220.000 people could just disappear 
in this country’s interior. 

Below, as far as the eye can see in 
every direction, is jungle. The only roads 
are dirt ruts, and the landscape is laced 
with wide tributaries of the Congo 

Down in the jungle itself, the terrain is 
even scarier. Mere grass is two and a half 
meters tall. Above it towers bamboo that 
looks like explosions frozen in time — 
hundreds of thick stalks shooting out of a 
central crater, the fronds leafing out 10 
meters above to darken the forest floor. 

The face of the Rwandan Hutu 
refugees in Congo, formerly Zaire, is a 
cloud over the country's new govern- 
ment and its president. Laurent Kabila. 

Last month he ousted Zaire's dictator, 
Mobuto Sese Seko, with the help of 
Tutsi-led regimes in neighboring 
Rwanda and Uganda. 

The Tutsi are hostile to the Hutu in 
Congo as a result of one of the world's 
worst instances of genocide in recent 
decades: In 1994. egged on by their 
leaders. Huui in Rwanda massacred hun- 
dreds of thousands of Tutsi before a 
Tutsi army in exile in Uganda invaded, 
ousted the Hutu-led Rwandan govern- 
ment and chased more than a million 
Hutu, guilty and innocent, into exile in 
eastern Zaire. 

Now it is believed that Rwandan 
Army units, with the assent of Mr. Kab- 
ila's forces, are settling scores in the new 

Forbidding terrain is helping to per- 
petuate this cycle of genocide. It is 
cloaking ihe work of the killers and 
hiding the victims from the eyes of the 

The Hutu refugees have been trudging 
through this landscape for seven months, 
since their camps near Goma and 
Bukavu on the shores of Lake Kivu were 
attacked last October in the first act of 
Mr. Kabila's rebellion. As ihey emerge, 
many are walking skeletons, dying of 
malaria, cholera and untreated* infec- 

"They're starving — it's a myth that 
they were all living on bananas." said 
Peter Kessler, a spokesman for the 
United Nations High Commissioner for 

"We ate anything," said Frcderico 
Simbizi. who said he had not seen his 
home in Rwanda for three years. "We 
would pick wild leaves and taste them. If 
they didn't make us sick, we would boil 

In October, the refugees were not in 
desperate shape. For two years, they had 
been housed in tents and fed by UN relief 
workers on the lava plains in the shadow 
of Kivu’s volcanoes. 

The camps, small cities that held an 

estimated I.i million Rwandan Hutu, 
were also so dominated by Hutu mi- 
litiamen and former soldiers that they 
had become staging grounds for raids 
into Rwanda and Burundi. 

When they were attacked, about 

700.000 refugees streamed east, back 
into Rwanda. 

The rest ran west The common as- 
sumption that only those culpable in the 
1994 massacre did so is a fallacy, said 
Pierce Gerety, a regional humanitarian 
coordinator for the United Nations. He 
said the camps at the north end of Lake 
Kivu were outflanked by invaders from 
Rwanda who then doubled back to at- 
tack, driving the refugees east. 

The southern camps, by contrast, 
were hit from the south, and the only exit 
was a road going northwest, eventually 
entering the jungle. 

Those who took it were a mix of 
former soldiers who had certainly killed 
Tutsi in 1994. other adults who may or 
may not have been innocent and young 
children who certainly were. Others 
were swept up in the panicky exodus. 

By mid-December. 40,000 refugees 
were seen near the town of Amisi. By 
late February, an estimated 160.000 
were encamped in a swampy area called 

But the urea was attacked, and they 

Exactly what went on in central Zaire 
between the initial invasion and the fall 
of Kinshasa on May 17 remains largely 

The flotilla of refugees surged around 
the advance of Mr. Kabila's rebels, 
sometimes in front of the battle lines, 
sometimes behind. 

Refugees describe being trapped by 
rivers and begging or bartering their way 
across on ferries or dugout canoes. They 
describe troops rushing into their im- 
promptu camps, shooting, forcing them 
to flee into the bush. 

Mr. Simbizi said that in one such 
attack he lost two of his five children in 
the confusion. 

The European group Doctors Without 
Borders has accused Mr. Kabila’s guer- 
rilla alliance of using humanitarian 
agencies as bait, letting them into the 
jungle with food and medical care for 
refugees, but really to lure Hutu ont of 
the forest so they could be killed. 

In some areas, notably on the roads 
west of Goma and in Biaro and Kasese 
camps near Kilometer 42. south of 
Kisangani. Rwandan Tutsi alliance 
troops have been accused of method- 
ically massacring refugees, including 
women and children, and burning the 

The alliance has angrily denied that. 

The United Nations says it knows of 

1 25.000 refugees repatriated since Janu- 
ary and the wbereatrouts of 53,000 more 
still in Congo or neighboring countries. 
That leaves 222,000 unaccounted for. 
For all practical purposes, if Ihey are 
alive and with former soldiers, they are 
still at war. 

The Prototype 

t 5eA d ! ent of the perfect road surface 
ASC+ T» a . system that takes control oH 
the throttle whenever grip is lost. That’s not to say youtV'j 
driving experience is compromised. In fact, a degree^ 9r ‘d f* 

3 ‘lii 




Kurt Alfn-d .\,jj 

Therapist in 

Father's Moj.j . 

• ! V 



■er Subjects 

• r 

4* •• V - V — - . 

it--' '• 1 ' 

' i!V • - 

I’-.*-? • : i.- v . 
V--< • 

-44- : 

I “ r: ' • •• 
• : + . 

X . ■ — 

\ v-.- 

V. - ... ■■ . . . : . 

- -f.-P 


Socialists Triumph 

Continued from Page 1 

spon* tothevoI ers- 

por those voters, the election probably 
did oot turn as fully on economic issues 
as -,t appeared to many outside observers, 
according to Denis Jeombar, editor of 
[/Express magazine. 

•The outcome was a verdict con- 
demning five years of conservative 

Indeed, the main thrust of government 
in the last two years under the outgoing 
prime minister, Alain Juppe, was 
strongly similar to the approach pursued 
bis predecessor, Edouard Baliadur, 
who led a center-right government under 
a Socialist president, Francois Mitter- 
rand, from 1993 to 1995. 

Under Mr. Jospin, the Socialists en- 
gineered a comeback on tbe basis of a 
new image of a party humbled by its 
* failure in power in the 1980s — in con- 
trast to conservative leaders such as Mr. 
Juppe and Mr. Baliadur who were 
widely perceived as arrogant and out of 
touch with ordinary people. 

In addition, Mr. Jospin developed an 
agenda for changes in the French polit- 
ical system to make government seem 
closer to day-to-day problems, create 
greater judicial independence to fight 
collusion between politicians and busi- 
nesses with government connections 
and encourage regional autonomy. The 
program appealed to die French Com- 
munists as they sought a new image and 
the Greens, who represent a small but 
active minority. 

In the new government, Mr. Jospin is 
widely expected to appoint Communist 
cabinet ministers, but their arrival will 
not cause concern in France. 

Mr. Jospin will be hoping that his 
t government will face less social unrest as 
jt tries to tackle worsening budget def- 
icits and moves to improve productiv- 

In his victory speech, Mr. Jospin 
sounded a characteristically cautious 
note. His government, he said, would 
“not make a naive attempt to deliver 
everything immediately in tbe way that 
governments have promised so often in 
tbe past and failed to deliver." 

Urgent deadlines confront tbe new 
government, starting with a meeting of 
European leaders on June 16 in Am- 

Tbe biggest immediate question mark 
concerns not the new leftist government 
but the status of Mr. Chirac. 

Institutionally, his mandate is guar- 
anteed for five more years, but the blow 
£io his credibility is so crushing that he 
•appears to be a lame duck. 

French conservatives seemed to agree 
with that verdict Nicolas Sarkozy, a 
prominent former minister, said that 
“the right has to re-invent itself." 

He suggested that conservative leaders 

had alienated voters by trying to disguise 
the painful aspects of changes and falling 
to articulate the costs and benefits to be 
expected from unavoidable economic re- 

Even before die vote, the French right 
had distanced itself from its own pro- 
gram of privatization, deregulation and 
labor market-flexibility. 

In the final days of the campaign last 
week, Mr. Chirac swung behind the 
policies of Philippe Seguin, a left-lean- 
ing Gaullist who defends state mono- 
polies and a strong safety net of gov- 
ernment-run welfare. 

[hat takes 
,af. not to 

-* in fact, a u 

ility has been added to give the 
>1 and feedback from the road, safe 
knowledge that the wheels have the 
firmly between their teeth. 

Fraud© am Fahren 

EUROPE: The Economic Outlook Is for Confusion and Conflict 

Continued from Page 1 

in monetary union. Mr. Jospin's victory 
itself makes it clear that the French elec- 
torate. like its counterparts in Germany, 
Italy. Belgium and Spain, is bitterly op- 
posed to any more sacrifice in the name 
of Maastricht. 

In normal times, the expected wa- 
tering down of French economic policy 
would pose a sizable problem for Ger- 
many in any case, since it would mean 
that one of the twin pillars of monetary 
union was beginning to wobble. 

But these are not normal times. Both 
of Europe’s twin pillars are wobbling. A 
fierce battle is raging between Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl and die Bundesbank 
over Bonn’s plan to revalue gold re- 
serves to meet single currency terms, 
and that means that the credibility of 
both Paris and Bonn in financial markets 
is being weakened. In Germany, which 
is finding it tough to push through the 
kind of structural reforms and welfare 
cutbacks that are needed to make 
Europe’s economic leader more com- 
petitive, the gold revaluation plan has 
already deprived Chancellor Kohl of the 
moral authority he once had to dictate 
single currency conditions to his part- 

During the weekend. Hans Tietmeyer, 
the Bundesbank chief, released an un- 
usual persona] statement in which he 
denied a. report that he would seek a 
formal delay of the planned launching of 
the euro, the single currency, in January 

This week, more political turmoil 
with implications for currency markets 
is expected since both Mr. Tietmeyer 
and the German finance minister, Theo 
Waigel, have been called to testify in 
Parliament about the gold revaluation 

In France, where Mr. Jospin is preach- 
ing 1970s-style tax-and-spend policies 
that were supposed to have been dis- 

carded by most of the potential single 
currency partners, the likelihood of a 
deficit overshoot and of a more flexible 
interpretation of single currency criteria 
under the Maastricht treaty is growing. 
In this environment, speculative attacks 
on the franc should be expected, as 
should be more rumors and denials of a 
delay of the single currency project 

“If the Socialists win, and if they 
form a government that contains the 
anti-Maastricht Communists," said a 
leading New York-based investment 
strategist ahead of the voting Sunday, 
“then you can assume France will have 
been set back economically by 5 to 10 

This investor and many economists 
have predicted that if Chancellor Kohl 
succeeds in his bid to use controversial 
accounting methods to meet single cur- 
rency conditions while at the same time a 
Jospin-led government proceeds to wa- 
ter down its application of Maastricht 
terms by going for growth, the end result 
will be a more politicized European 
monetary policy and a weakened euro 
when it is eventually launched. 

If the Bundesbank, Bank of France 
and other European central banks were 
to decide to fight the softer political 
approach by keeping interest rates high 
or even raising them, the economic re- 
sult could be even worse — a defla- 
tionary monetary policy at a time of 
economic weakness and a guaranteed 
continuation of Europe's jobless crisis. 

Mr. Jospin’s campaign call for Italy 
and Spain to be included in the first wave 
of countries launching the euro is mean- 
while another element of the potential 
for conflict and confusion over Europe’s 
single currency project. 

Mr. Kohl appears to be convinced that 
he will stand a better chance of winning 
re-election in October 1998 if Italy is 
kept out of the euro for a few months. 
This puts Mr. Kohl on a collision course 
with both Mr. Jospin and Prime Minis ter 

Romano Prodi of Italy, who has pushed 
through 100 trillion lire ($60 billion) of 
budget austerity measures since June 
1996 and who has said he will resign if 
Italy does not make the grade. 

At the same time. Mr. Prodi is strug- 
gling to push through pension reform and 
a tough new budget for 1998. but as in 
France and Germany, Lhe Italian public’s 
distaste for sacrifice is also manifest. 

The Ptodi government responded Fri- 
day by putting off a discussion of pen- 
sion reform and by trying to placate the 
hard-left Communist members of its 
parliamentary majority with more 
planned tax increases and fewer spend- 
ing cuts. 

The softer approach to Maastricht by a 
Socialist-led French government was 
made clear by former Prime Minister 
Pierre Mauroy. who said in an interview 
Friday, “We are not questioning our 
commitment to Europe, but we need to 
make our priority, irrespective of the 
euro, the creation of jobs and the spur- 
ring of growth.** 

Or. as a commentator put it in lhe 
newspaper Le Parisien. “France will 
never be the same again because the 
majority of the French, even if they 
know they have no future outside of 
Europe, do not want to pay the price any 
more of this European commitment with 
massive unemployment.” 

Mr. Jospin is keen to tackle France's 
record 12.8 percent unemployment, but 
his methods are the antithesis of free 
market economics. 

Apart from favoring legislation to in- 
stitute a higher minimum wage and a 
shorter workweek. Mr. Jospin last week 
also launched a plan with the German 
Social Democrat leader, Oskar Lafon- 
taine. to install an employment chapter 
in the Maastricht treaty. 

It is this kind of thinking — the idea 
that employment levels can somehow be 
legislated or decreed by governments — 
that most frightens financial markets. 

Jacques Briaoo/Thc Annealed Rnea 

A little girl lifting the voting-booth curtain Sunday in Paris as her 
mother voted in France’s second round of legislative elections. 

Mr. Chirac's gesture came too late for 
the conservatives to make a credible 
offer based on a formula combining Mr. 
Seguin 's emphasis on social concerns 
with die call for an entrepreneurial rev- 
olution of the sort championed by Alain 
Madelin, a former finance minister, who 
is a prominent campaigner for economic 

Instead, the blurred conservative pro- 
gram left an opening for the excreme- 
rightist National Front of Jean-Marie Le 
Pen to mobilize the strongest showing of 
a protest party in France since the 
Poujadist movement in the 1 950s. 

Monks of the Lerin islands, off the French Riviera, voting in Cannes in the runoff election Sunday. 

LEFT: French Election Result Is a Long Stride Forward to the Past 

Continued from Page 1 

make good on campaign promises to 
create 700,000 jobs while the workweek 
is being lowered over three years to 35 
hours for 39 hours’ pay. Mr. Jospin 
carried mortgages so specific as to ap- 
pear to rule out softeners like Mr. Blair's 
remark that he was all in favor of 
strengthening the European Union’s so- 
cial charter — just as long as it didn't get 
in the way of Britain’s competitive- 

In this reasserted resistance to be- 
coming part of a free-market economic 
process it did not itself invent, to taking 
paths involving individual risks in a 
place where risks were considered an 
uncouth characteristic of coarser cul- 
tures, to accepting that it must budge 
from tiie familiar and comfortable. 
France has opened the perspective of 
being a vastly more fragile country. 

The vote carried two other lessons: 
that people here seemed legitimately 
afraid of an economic conversion pro- 
cess, linked to the coming of the euro, 
that seemed to hold out more austerity 
and downsizing than bright prospects. 
And that the French advocates of mod- 
em captialism were neither warm nor 
persuasive, far from the capabilities of a 
Bill Clinton or a Tony Blair. 

Beyond the obvious but not partic- 
ularly novel contradiction of having a 
president and a government representing 
opposed currents of thought, France now 
has a weakened president, mirrored by 
weakened and fragmented parties on the 
right, and a problematical role in relation 
to the future of the European Monetary 
Union and the confidence it wants to 
maintain among its neighbors. 

Although President Francois Miner- 

rand in his 14 years in power twice faced 
Parliaments controlled by the Gauilist- 
led opposition, he never confronted, as 
President Jacques Chirac must now, be- 
ing personally responsible for a political 
debacle affecting the core of his sup- 

It was Mr. Chirac who called the 
National Assembly elections in advance 
of any constitutional requirements, hop- 
ing to get them out of the way before 
taking further austerity measure to meet 
the conditions of the EMU; and it was 
Mr. Chirac who delivered what was re- 
garded even by his partisans as a feeble, 
slightly bewildering speech on national 
television in an attempt to rally support 
between the two rounds of voting. 

Now he must deal not only with a 
notion of personal discredit and incom- 
petence. but also with the anger of a 
party political apparatus that has lost 
jobs and leverage solely through the 
misjudgment of its chief. Tbe circum- 
stances are unique here, as is the in- 
creasing legitimization of the National 
Front in the spectrum of the politically 
acceptable, and with that, the assertion 
from its leader, Jean-Marie Le Pen, that 
the president suffered a vote of no-con- 
fidence and should quit. 

The constitution contains no such re- 
quirement, and the president has five 
years to go on his term. Having said last 
week that the left’s election risked bring- 
ing new fragility to the process of Euro- 
pean unification. Mr. Chirac roust deal, 
however, with Mr. Jospin’s contention 
that what Europe now most needs is a 
modification of the EMU road map 
through “an employment and growth 

Mr. Jospin, who will have to find a 
way to manage the total rejection of the 

Maastricht process by the Communists 
and the Socialists' fringe party allies, has 
made it clear that he sees aspects of the 
convergence criteria as brakes on 
growth and job creation. 

In the extreme, these elements could 
appear as ingredients for political dis- 
aster, or more certainly, a delay in the 
introduction of the euro as the EU's 
common currency in 1999. 

But Mr. Jospin has issued clear signs 
that he very much wants to rid himsel f of 
the impression of serious confusion re- 
lating to European issues. In an attempt 
to improve appearances, he is under- 
stood to have made a very strong effort 
to bring Jacques Delors into a special 
position serving his government with 
blanket responsibilities for Europe. 

Mr. Delors’ credentials are regarded 
as reassuring to the rest of the world. As 
a Socialist and former finance minister, 
he has higty credit at home; as an ar- 
chitect of the Maastricht agreement and 
former president of the European Com- 
mission, he has the respect of France's 
neighbors, particularly Germany and 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl. Under the cir- 
cumstances, Mr. Delors would appear to 
be the ideal go-between for France's 
new leftist leadership, international real- 
ity and public opinion. 

Without a Delors, Mr. Jospin may be 
bard pressed to find the words, no less 
the actions, to convince the friends of 
France that its greatest allegiance is not 
to a scared and immobile embrace of the 
past Yet Mr. Delors may not take up the 
challenge. When he was leading in the 
polls in 1 994 as the man the French most 
wanted as president in the 1 995 election, 
he chose not to run. Mr. Delors has 
repeated many times since that his de- 
cision then was the right one. 


iiv Greece 

It’s never been 
easier to subscribe. 
For more information, 
please call : 

( 1 ) 685 1525 / 

( 1 ) 685 2282 . 


nn aonnrs muy Ngranreii 

TURKEY: Call for Early Vote 

Continued from Page 1 

Some of Mr. Erbakan's 
strategists, anxious to hold 
new elections before the ef- 
fort to get a court to ban the 
party can be decided, want to 
call Turks to the polls in Oc- 

But many members of Par- 
liament oppose holding the 
election rhat soon, because 
they must hold office for at 
least two years to qualify fora 
generous government pen- 
sion plan. They are therefore 
expected to insist that the 
elections be held sometime 
after late December, two 
years after the last elections. 

Turkey’s governing coali- 
tion has been an uneasy al- 
liance from the moment it was 
formed. Mrs. Ciller is an 
avowed secularist, and Mr. 
Erbakan is dedicated to in- 
creasing the influence of Is- 
lam in public life. 

The enmity between the 
two has been personal as well 
as political. 

In the 1995 election cam- 
paign, Mrs. Ciller warned that 
any government headed by 
Mr. Erbakan’s Islamist party 
would “plunge Turkey into 

For his pan, Mr. Erbakan 
stressed the corruption 
charges against Mrs. Ciller, 
calling Iter the country’s 
“biggest thief." 

But after the election, the 
two found common ground. 
Mrs. Ciller's support made it 
possible for Mr. Erbakan, 
whose party won less than 22 
percent of the vote in 1995, to 
assume the country’s highest 
office. Mr. Erbakan’s sup- 
porters in Parliament later 
blocked motions that would 
have sent corruption charges 
against Mrs. Ciller to the Su- 
preme Court for investigation 
and possible prosecution. 


'• ; ; 

. r ’ VT i 

-:1 *. _ 

S! ’■ . 
• 1 * • 

- •• 




MONDAY, JUNE 2, 1997 

PAGE 13 

. ‘ ‘ ' v . . i-. ‘ - it- ' 

•f ■::£ ' - 

Attempting to revive Greece’s economy, the government is spending heavily on infrastructure projects. 

Greek Government Means Business 

1 By John Tagliabue 

New York Tunes Service 

ATHENS — For Kostas Sinis, the 
dream of reviving the Kassandra 
mines was like a vision of returning to 
past glory. The mines, after all, have 
been operating for more than 2,000 
years, since the days of Alexander the 
Great, yielding a variety of metals, 
from silver to zinc. But they also con- 
tain gold, and Mr. Sinis and his Ca- 
nadian mining company invested 
heavily to get it out 

By late last year, though, the dream 
seemed in shambles. Legal battles and 
environmental protests made work im- 
possible and Mr. Sinis was threatening 
to pull out 

Then the Greek government 
^ stepped in more forcefully than it has 
• in years. The police were deployed to 
keep the roads to the mines open, work 
resumed and the big gold-mining proj- 
ect began to move ahead. 

Business and government leaders 
saw this turnaround as a triumph, a 
break from a socialist past marked by 
incessant strikes and excessive cod- 
dling of labor unions. Blue-chip 
companies ranging from Levi Strauss 
to Nissan had packed up and left. In 
Europe, Greece had betxune the odd 
man out with galloping inflation, a 
shrinking economy and a budget def- 
icit that by most measures was the 
worst on the continent 

But the government of Prime Min- 
ister Costas Simitis, which came to 
power in September, is trying mightily 
to right Greece's flagging economy 
and lure foreign business back. 

With the help of European Union 
funds, it is investing heavily in proj- 
ects like roads and airports, offering 
tax breaks for foreign investment and 
is relying on a new investment agency 
to help companies pierce tire thicket of 
Greek bureaucracy. 

Already there are signs of progress. 
Tourism and entertainment companies 
" like Hyatt International and Virgin are 
investing in Greece. Economic growth 
this year is expected to be among tire 
best in Europe. Inflation and budget 
deficits are down and investment is up. 

So is the Athens Stock Exchange, 
whose general index is up 65 percent 
this year, the second hottest market in 
the world. 

‘ ‘Finally we have a government that 
is interested in business,'* said Basil 
Theocarakis, president of the Tbeo- 
carakis Group, which is in banking and 
shipping and manufactures products 
from furniture to sports jackets. “Yes, 
there are still troubles. But basically 
they are on die right path to increase 
local and foreign investment" 

Greece has an awfully big hole to 
dig itself out of. After 1981, when the 
country joined the European Union, 
corporate investment flowed in, often 
drawn by the lowest wage levels in the 
15-member union. 

But the Socialist government of 
former Prime Minister Andreas 
Papandreou, which governed Greece 
through most of the 1980s, catered to 
die demands of organized labor and 
generally neglected the business com- 
munity. Major industries like ship- 
building were nationalized. Generous 
wage accords caused productivity to 
drop and tired up inflation. 

Although Mr. Papandreou was driv- 
en from office in 1989, the conser- 
vative government that replaced him 
failed to make tilings better. By 1 993, 
top corporations had begun to pull out, 
some to exchange their Greek plants 
for less costly ones in neighboring 
Turkey, or in formerly Communist 
countries of Eastern Europe. In 1993, 
Mr. Papandreou returned to power, but 
he died last year and was succeeded by 
Mr. Simitis. 

Last year, Levi Strauss cut its con- 
tract with a Greek jeans supplier and 
began supplying the Greek market 
from Poland, where wages are about 
one-tenth what they are in Greece, and 
Goodyear shuttered a plant in Salonika 
and laid off 350 workers, focusing 
future investment in Turkey and Po- 
land. Earlier, Italy’s Pirelli tire com- 
pany closed a factory in Patras after 
repeated strikes to protest planned lay- 

But for a microcosm of the recent 
Greek business climate, and of the 
turnaround Mr. Simitis ’s government 

is attempting, one need look no further 
than the ambitious, $600 million at- 
tempt to modernize the Kassandra 

In the 1970s, extensive gold de- 
posits were discovered at Kassandra. 
But continuous labor trouble — 
coupled with a drop in the price of lead 
and zinc, the mines' main products — 
pushed tire mines' owners into bank- 
ruptcy. The government, in a solution 
typical of the times, nationalized the 
mines to prevent the loss of about 900 
jobs. Though production sank to near 
zero, roughly $1 1 million was paid in 
salaries alone. 

"The miners kept busy mainly hoe- 
ing their vegetable plots," said Mr. 
Sinis, a former Shell Oil executive. 

In the early 1990s. the EU pressured 
Athens to sell the mines, but no bid- 
ders emerged. In 1 994, a further effort 
produced two bids and a $47 million 
offer from Mr. Sinis's company — he 
is president of TVX Hellas, a unit of 
the Canadian mining group TVX Gold 
Inc. — was chosen over one from 
Australia’s New Crest. 

But local community leaders, op- 
posed to increased mining, organized 
protest demonstrations and cut phone 
lines. The mayor of a nearby com- 
munity. . Stratoniki, demanded the 
equivalent of $220,000 to clean up 
previous environmental damage. Dur- 
ing all this, the government stood idly 
by — until TVX issued an ultimatum: 
Either clear the way for work or tire 
mines will be shut. 

But it was only with the victory of 
Mr. Simitis last autumn that the pace of 
change accelerated. Faced with the 
possible loss of a major investor, the 
new prime ministernamed a committee 
to assure that TVX could work freely 
and sent tire police to restore order. 

Mr. Sinis advises watching the pro- 
gress of the TVX mines to judge the 
seriousness of government intentions. 

“I think we are at the stage where 
we can see the light at the end of the 
tunnel," he said. “In a country where 
progress was delayed for 20 years, it's 
dangerous to talk about progress,' 1 he 
said. "You have to see things hap- 

Nomura Awaiting Sanctions From Ministry 

Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — The Finance Ministry is 
preparing to shut down the head office 
ana some branches of Nomura Secu- 
rities Co. for up to six months as one of 
Japan's biggest finance scandals esca- 
lates, according to a national newspaper 

A six-month shutdown would be the 
maximum penalty under the Securities 
and Exchange Law. Nomura is suspec- 
ted of breaking that law by compens- 

ating a sokaiya, or corporate blackmail- 
er, for investment losses. 

The report Sarurday in the Daily Yo- 
micri, which did not cite sources, fol- 
lowed the arrest Friday of the company's 
former president, Hideo Sakamaki, in 
connection with an alleged payment of 
38.5 million yen ($330330) to Ryuichi 
Koike, a reputed sokaiya. 

No one at the Finance Ministry could 
be reached over the weekend to confirm 
or deny the report. 

Tietmeyer Assails Gold Revaluation 

Bundesbank Chief Also Denies Suggesting Single-Currency Delay 

By John Schmid 

Inierrwtional Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — The president of 
the German central bank. Hans Tiet- 
meyer, on Sunday hardened his oppo- 
sition to Bonn's plans to revalue the 
Bundesbank's vast gold reserves and, in 
an unusual formal statement, denied 
that be had suggested a delay in the 1 999 
launch of a single European currency. 

Within Chancellor Helmut Kohl's co- 
alition, several officials Over the week- 
end urged the government to retreat from 
its clash with the fiercely independent 
German central bank, raising the pos- 
sibility that Mr. Kohl may not be able to 
muster a majority to push the gold re- 
valuation measure through Parliament. 

Mr. Tietmeyer' s one-page declara- 
tion kept up the central tank's strident 
campaign against the revaluation pay- 
out, which the Bundesbank fears will 
damage the credibility of the future 
European currency, infringe on the 
bank's autonomy and create a precedent 
of political meddling in the affairs of the 
proposed European central bank, which 
is modeled on the Bundesbank. 

Mr. Tietmeyer made clear that the 
Bundesbank's principal objection to the 
gold plan focused on Finance Minister 
Tbeo Waigel's demand that the revalu- 
ation take effect in 1997. Mr. Waigel 
plans to use the funds to plug gaps in the 
deficit to meet the fiscal criteria for the 
single currency. 

Careful to avoid Confrontational lan- 
guage, Mr. Tietmeyer nonetheless 
urged the government to back down. 

"The Bundesbank hopes that the 
German government and Parliament 
will take appropriate consideration of' 
these objections when they make their 
decisions,” he said. 

In a response to “some false re- 
ports,” Mr. Tietmeyer denied a report in 
the new issue of the newsmagazine Der 
Spiegel, in which an unnamed source 
quoted him as suggesting a delay in the 
planned 1999 launch date for a single 
European currency. 

A delay would put European inte- 
gration at risk, analysts argue, because it 
could take another hill economic cycle 
of growth and recession before Europe 
might try again to converge its econ- 
omies, potentially leading to a loss of 
support from countless industries across 
Europe that have invested heavily to 
make the euro work this time. 

Distancing himself from any damage 
that the open feuding has inflicted on the 
credibility of monetary union, Mr. Tiet- 
meyer’s statement included a reminder 
of the Bundesbank's pro-European cre- 
dentials. "The bank has already been 
working intensively for some time on 
the preparation of the monetary union 
with a stable euro," he said. 

But Mr. Kohl's government remained 
adamant in its determination to submit 
draft legislation to amend the 1957 
Bundesbank law and allow the payment 
into Mr. Waigel's coffers this year. 

“You must remember that the 
Bundesbank can advise and have an 
opinion." a government official said 
Sunday, * ‘but they cannot demand any- 
thing. This is a matter of the Parliament, 

which has the greater sovereignty in the 

But it will be difficult for Mr. Kohl to 
win the vote in the Bundestag on the 
issue if the government fails to find a 
solution agreeable with the Bundesbank, 
said Ono Graf Lambsdorff. a senior of- 
ficial in the Free Democratic Party, a 
member of Mr. Kohl’s coalition. 

Before the Bundestag vote, set for 
June 13, the Free Democrat’s budget 
expert, Juergen Koppelin, urged Mr. 
Waigel to re treat before the dash es- 
calates further. “The psychological 
damage would be too great” if Mr. 

Waigel overrode the Bundesbank, he 
told the Bild-Zeitung newspaper. 

Juergen Augustinowitz, a Bundestag 
deputy in Mr. Kohl's Christian Demo- 
cratic Union, predicted that other co- 
alition lawmakers will join him in op- 
posing the gold plan. Mr. 
Augustinowitz declared Friday that he 
would not support the legislation. 

According to the Bila-Zeitung, Mr. 
Waigel is considering two other plans to 
raise revenue: an increase in fuel taxes 
or a delay in reducing the special tax 
created to Finance German reunifica- 

Foreign-Exchange Markets 
Take Gold War in Stride 

By Carl Gewiitz 

Inierruiional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The extraordinary pub- 
lic brawl over the German govern- 
ment’s plan to raid the hidden re- 
serves of the central bank might have 
been expected to roil European fi- 
nancial markets. 

Instead, they have reacted with 
amazing calm — eloquent testimony 
to the general confusion over the issue 
and to the general conviction that, 
come what may, monetary union will 
take place as planned on Jan. 1. 1999. 

Putting polemics aside, the facts 
are these: 

The accounting principles already 
agreed on call for European central 
banks to value their assets at market 
values. Any unrealized gains arising 
from such a revaluation are not to be 
recognized as income. 

The Bundesbank, therefore, is not 
challenging the need to revalue the 
board of gold and foreign exchange, 
mostly dollars, currently valued on its 
books at something like 60 billion 
Deutsche marks ($353 billion) below 
its true worth. 

Nor is the Bundesbank opposed to 
using this windfall to reduce the debt 
incurred to finance the unification of 
the country, a unique but costly his- 
toric adventure. 

What Bundesbank directors unan- 
imously oppose is doing it this year, 
instead of in 1999 when the European 
central bank comes to life, in order to 
facilitate the government's compli- 
ance with the criteria to qualify for 
membership in the monetary union. 

The timing is important because it 
is on the basis of this year's economic 
data that the decision will be made, 
next spring, about which of the 15 
members of the European Union 
qualify to enter monetary union and 
adopt a common currency, the euro. 

Without the cme-time gain from re- 
valuing the Bundesbank's assets, it is 
estimated that Germany 's outstanding 
debt will amount to some 62 percent 
of gross domestic product. Not only is 
that above the 60 percent qualification 

criteria, it is also a move in the wrong 
direction — an increase in debt, in- 
stead of a decrease — and a violation 
of another Maastricht standard. 

Reducing the outstanding debt 
should also liberate money that had 
previously been budgeted to service 
that debt. That, in turn, should help 
the government comply with the re- 
quirement that its budget deficit be no 
greater than 3 percent of GDP. 

Essentially, then, the dispute is 
over the timing of the revaluation and 
the transfer of the windfall profits to 
the government 

And this leads to the fundamental 
question: Whose gold is it? 

“That gold belongs to the German 
nation, not the Bundesbank.” said 
John Llewellyn, chief economist at 
Lehman Brothers in London. “It's for 
the elected government to decide 
what to do with that asset not the 
central bank. The government’s pro- 
posal is morally valid, and the 
Bundesbank's rejection looks at best 
ultra-conservative, and at worst 

“It is perfectly legitimate for an 
elected government to use part of the 
nation’s assets to pay down part of the 
public debt — in particular, debt in- 
clined as a unique historic event” 
Mr. Llewellyn said. 

Charles Wyplosz. a leading aca- 
demic expert on monetary union, dis- 
missed the uproar as “the Bundes- 
bank playing its part It has to 
maintain its credibility until the very 
end and, by rebelling against the gov- 
ernment it succeeds, ff the Bundes- 
bank had simply caved in, everyone 
would be saying it had lost its teeth 
and that the new European central 
bank would start life with a toothless 

As for loose talk about what these 
maneuvers imply for the value of the 
euro — whether it will be a strong or 
a weak currency — both Mr. 
Llewellyn and Mr. Wyplosz insisted 
that there were no inferences to be 
drawn, and that the value of the euro 
would be a function of the monetary 
policy of the European central bank. 

Argentina Pays Price for High Growth 

If regulators find evidence of wrong- 
doing, the Finance Ministry could order 
Nomura to stop selling to Institutional 
customers and trading on its own ac- 
counts. Most analysts have predicted the 
ban would be for three months. 

The last time the Finance Ministry 
ordered Nomura to halt operations was 
October 1991, after the company ad- 
mitted lending SI 25 million to a gang- 
ster to buy shares of Tokyu Corp-, a 
railroad operator. 

By Calvin Sims 

Ne*‘ York Times Service 

BUENOS AIRES — With violent 
protests over high unemployment and 
poverty spreading rapidly and congres- 
sional elections set for October, the Ar- 
gentine government has come under 
more pressure than ever before to loosen 
its economic policies, which have 
brought fiscal stability and tremendous 
growth but have failed to produce new 
jobs and better social conditions for 
many people. 

In major cities and small Towns across 
Argentina, tens of thousands of people 
have blocked roads, bridges and public 
buildings in recent weeks, demanding 
jobs and more social spending. Their 
ranks are swelling every day, threat- 
ening the political fortunes of the gov- 
erning Peronist Party. 

Whether the government will give in 

to demands to alter its economic plan — 
a move that could jeopardize the coun- 
try’s sound financial footing — will 
depend heavily on Finance Minister 
Roque Fernandez, who many investors 
long feared lacked the nerve to carry out 
the unpopular free-market reforms 
championed by his charismatic prede- 
cessor, Domingo Cavallo. 

Since taking office last summer, the 
soft-spoken Mr. Fernandez, a former 
central bank president, has not only 
maintained the Cavallo policies but re- 
inforced them with belt-tightening mea- 
sures, aggressive tax collection and the 
sale of state- owned enterprises. 

Such moves have reduced budget def- 
icits and bolstered the confidence of 
foreign investors. 

“The world assumed that Argentina 
would fall apart and have to devalue its 
currency when Cavallo left," said Aldo 
Abram, a local economist. “But to the 

contrary, Roque Fernandez has showed 
that these economic reforms are long- 
term, structural changes that do not de- 
pend on any one individual.” 

But facing a possible loss of a ma- 
jority in Congress and mounting pres- 
sure to do more for the poor, the gov- 
ernment of President Carlos Saul 
Menem may devote more resources to 
social spending, a move that is likely to 
slow the pace of reforms and possibly 
diminish the interest of foreign in- 

Argentina has served as an important 
barometer of what is known as the neo- 
liberal economic model. Under that 
model, Latin American countries began 
deregulating their once-closed econo- 
mies, selling unprofitable state-owned 
industries, and revising labor and social 

See ARGENTINA, Page 15 


Cross Rates 

2." v 






ui an 

V. Sf. 









uuT — 

540 U® 

uxr um 






a or us 

— vm 








ow uar 

43UC 1JM 








MS 17677* JJJH 

5Utt UW 


22ii 33600 






tor nst 

amu mu mni 




uu U7in 



— ma 


ust unit 



. _ 


ixsuruo uw 

jra Mte 


um uuss 




9 A 

u m 


aw yxn 

ua a m 









un a* 

usi tut 








MW 17B 

Kim* 097*6 










aaw.tnu tm" — 

uir up 







UW uuu 





KQ Ufltt asm LIH7 


uw mta 

A Burning Desire to Get in Touch With Your Voice-Mail 

«• rnmnm i— w itji. 

' *?**•»•«■** T»bur»ediilKtimc/mN.<L »*•**«*-■*» 

Do&r Values 

ATS OBMQ r fttrs Canwcy tors cwmot tor* 

onak*oc 77 UT mb. pm s. Mr. rad 4471 


yWtosep. lint WMftfNM tOSt MrDhi IB 936 7.701 

"***■* ran run mm 3UK raft. put WJ7 Wmii vm 

[jtoi wua Mo. mat* 243U0 TterttWy 321 ns MM 2M« 

gtet teto aut Msfcf Utift Pott ■safe U322 TartMilra 139915. 

Until Ml UP In nth 5747 JO UKEt fcftnm 1471 

WM.UMI XMfel.' 02999 SmBfeM 3K Vwxboth. 4040 

'*■*■*■ SlW MW 1-4315 

?l5 l 

W *■ V 

A - 5.- r ♦* 

F «*tt»niR*tes 

4s ft—P- toi 14m 143M 1430c feHtnm nus its* i mo 

»< ***- IW 1 HM U« MuM 1-4174 14016 IJ fM 

P wfeto — n - 14W0 I4M ran* 

Jjtofes Unrtoxtont Muarw Bmto ffewBtiM BancpCeaemooie 

mumOi — m nafet o>pWj *#•* Pf rety H U HMn , rotm-v 

By Mike Mills 

Washiagtaa Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Think of the typical 
computerized "voice-mail lady": the same 
tone, the same preprogrammed responses, 
service but not much of a smile. 

Now imagine this conversation with the 
Wildfire voice-mail woman. 

"Wildfire, I'm depressed," you say. She 
comes back with: "You’re depressed? 1 live 
in a box” or “Oh great, now I*m a ther- 

Or, “Wildfire, what does a cow say?” 


Wildfire is the star pupil in an emerging 
class of "single number” phone services that 
take advantage of vastly improved speech- 
recognition technology. 

Wildfire Communications Inc., a privately 
held company based in Lexington, Massachu- 
setts, has tapped into people's growing frus- 
tration with their thicket of cordless phones, 
cellular phones, pagers and customized call- 
ing features. 

Wildfire condenses everything to a single 
phone number that follows you whether you 

are at home, in the office or using your cellular 
phone or pager. 

“As the world becomes more untethered 
from any one place, there is a need for 
something that anchors their communica- 
tions,” said Robert Mechaley, the chief ex- 
ecutive of Wildfire. 

Analysts say Wildfire is the most sophis- 
ticated service available to date that combines 
speech recognition with an array of custom- 
calling features. Tell it where you will be, and 
when, and it will direct calls to you. Call a 
Wildfire subscriber often enough and it will 
remember your voice, greeting you with an 
"Oh, hi” and maybe asking how you are 

The system has worked out lotsof bugs over 
its first few years, but users still have some 
gripes; Wildfire cannot fast-forward or rewind 
messages, for example, and users cannot 
“barge in" and speed up commands — they 
have to wait for Wildfire to finish speaking. 

Others are catching up, including small 
software outfits and voice-mail companies 
and such phone giants as Lucent Technol- 
ogies Inc., AT&T Corp. and MCI Commu- 
nications Corp. 

“You’re going to hear more about Wildfire 
in the future,” said Chris Landes, a tele- 
communications consultant for TeleChoice 
Inc. in Verona. New Jersey. "People are 
looking very closely at that particular plat- 
form as the most advanced integrated mes- 
saging and call-management service/’ 

Today Wildfire is a pricey service aimed at 
frequent travelers. Linx Communications of- 
fers Wildfire for $39 a month, plus usage fees 
that can ran monthly bills into the hundreds of 
dollars. Customers pay for their own long- 
distance’ cal Is that Wildfire places. 

But Wildfire and other similar services are 
about to become mass-marker products as 
phone companies begin to pur the software 
directly into their networks. Pacific Bell Mo- 
bile Services in California and BellSouth in 
Atlanta now offer stripped-down versions of 
Wildfire for about S 1 0 a month. 

The network-based services will sell parts 
of Wildfire b la cane: Basic packages will 
offer only speech-recognition voice mail and 
dialing, while the single phone number fea- 
ture costs more. 

The telecommunications industry's history 
with speech recognition has been one of over- 

promising and underdelivering. But in the 
past few years, the technology has sped ahead, 
and the industry has been slow to exploit it 
"The technology has moved forward so 
fast that the applications development and the 
platforms to support it have fallen behind," 
said William Meisel, editor of the newsletter 
Speech Recognition Update. 

Mr. Meisel predicts that software such as 
Wildfire will do for telephones what Mi- 
crosoft Windows did for personal computers. 

"If the companies and service providers get 
it right," he said, “this could change the per- 
ception of the telephone with the customer." 

Just as people change screen colors on their 
persona] computers, he said, they also may 
choose different “personality types" for their 
computerized personal assistants. 

The real wildfire woman speaks fluent 
French and Italian, said Leslie Anderson, a 
company spokeswoman. But those talents 
may not be fully used. 

"The Italians aren't sure whether to use a 
male or female voice,” Ms. Anderson said. 
“Apparently, in Italy it's more prestigious to 
have a male assistant" 

Internet address: 

PAGE 14 



Junk Bonds Rise to Top of the Heap 

Bloombfrg News 

NEW YORK — Junk bonds in May 
posted their best monthly returns this 
year, beating Treasury securities and 

high-grade corporate bonds amid a 
rosy outlook for corporate profits. 

steady economic growth and low in- 

Junk bonds, which are issued by 
companies with low credit ratings, re- 
turned 1.99 percent for the month, 
according to a basket of 860 bonds 
tracked by Merrill Lynch & Co. That is 
27. 1 percent at an annual pace. 

Treasury bonds as a group returned 
0.47 percent for the month, excluding 
Friday, Merrill Lynch figures showed. 

while investment-grade corporate 
bonds turned in a 0.49 percent gain. 

Junk bonds are attractive “if you're 
looking at the fixed-income, universe 
and you're looking for what’s going to 
perform well in a good economic en- 
vironment,’’ said Marie Duriuano, a 
funds manager at Federated Investors. 

The healthy returns are another in- 
dication that junk bonds are recovering 
from their tumble in late March and 
April following die Federal Reserve 
Board's move to raise Interest rates. 

The bonds are also called high-yield 
bonds because they offer investors 
juicy yields — on average about 10 
percent — to compensate investors for 

their risk. As long as the economy 
remains strong, reducing die likelihood 
of defaults, investors say those high 
yields will help many junk bonds out- 
perform other fixed-income securities. 

“It’s not appropriate to blindly in- 
vest in that asset class.” said Zone 
Brown of Loud Abbetr & Co., “but I 
think selectively there is value.” 

For die fust time in seven weeks, 
individual investors and brokers nev- 

ertheless pulled cash from high-yield 
bond mutual funds last week. Money 

bond mutual funds last week. Money 
managers said the outflow might have 
been triggered by concerns over the 
decline in May in Treasury bonds, the 
market benchmark. 

ive International Bends 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Cpfl Maturity Prior YfeU 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing May 30. Prices supplied by Tblekurs. 

Australian Dollar 

225 Queensland Tsy 7** 1002/00 1034350 7.1200 

Austrian Schilling 

135 Austria 
216 Austria 

4ft 0572302 98.7800 44600 
5ft 04/11/07 98.7500 54200 

British Pound 

193 Denrmrt 
236 Britain 

6 ft 05/22/00 1004500 63200 
7 11/M/DI 994250 7.0300 
7 06/07/02 993500 7.0500 

Canadian Dollar 

148 Canada 
207 Canada 

7 09/01/01 ItUJOOO 47200 
B 06/01/23 110.6000 73300 

Danish Krone 

107 Germany 
110 Germany 
112 Germany 
115 Treuhand 
123 Treuhand 

130 Germany 

131 Tieuhand 

132 Bk Trust FRN 
134 Germany 
137 Germany 

161 Germany 
164 Germany 
175 Germany 
177 Germany 
181 Germany 
166 Germany 
194 Russia 
198 Germany 
200 Germany 

204 Germany 

205 Cap Credit Card 

206 KFW 
212 Germany 

214 German Slates 
217 Deut Ausglelchs 
222 Spain 
230 Eksportffnarts 
240 Treuhand 
248 Dresdner Bn 

6 'A 02/20/98 
7ft 12/2002 
7ft 1070*7 
5% 09/24/98 

5 01/14/99 
6 * 07/29/99 
5ft 02/25*8 
6ft 0675/98 

5ft 02/22/99 
5*4 087098 
5*4 057099 

8 ft 07/21/97 
71 m 01/2000 
644 06/21/99 

6 02/2098 
5*4 08/20/97 

9 0375/34 
&ft 057098 
8*4 0572*0 
6Mi 01/2098 
5** 0015*1 
5ft 03/12/07 
8% 0021/00 

6 0179/07 

6 07/04*7 

7 01/05*0 
zero 12/17/01 
6V i 0376/98 
516 0470*4 

1 09.7474 

155 World Bank 
157 Italy 
168 FEK 
231 World Bank 
234 Fannie Mas 
245 World Bank 
247 New America 

Portuguese Escudo 

118 Bca De investu 

02/23*7 1004000 

South African Rand 

Spanish Peseta 

173 Spain 
241 Spain 
244 Spain 

Swedish Krona 

3 Denmark 
10 Denmark 
13 Denmark 
19 Denmark 
25 Denmark 
32 Denmark 
36 Denmark 
4/ Denmark 
48 Denmark 
63 Denmark 
133 Denmark 
140 Denmark 
170 Denmark 
239 Denmark 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Mark 

2 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Germany 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 

11 Germany 

12 Germany 
14 Germany 
18 Germany 

20 Germany 

21 Germany 

23 Germany 

24 Germany 
28 Germany 

30 Germany 

31 Germany 

38 Germany 

39 Germany 

40 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Germany 

43 Treutwnd 
« Treuhand 
45 Treuhand 
4 * Treuhand 
49 Germany 

52 Tree hand 

53 Germany 

54 Germany 

55 Treuhand 

57 Germany 

58 Treuhand 

60 Treuhand 

61 Germany 
42 Germany 

66 Germany 

67 Germany 

68 Treuhand 

69 Germany 

70 Germany 

71 Germany 

72 Germany 
74 Germany 

76 Germany 

77 Treuhand 
81 Germany 
B4 Germany 
B 6 Germany 

87 Germany 

88 Germany 

89 Treuhand 

90 Treuhand 
93 Treuhand 

96 Germany 

97 Treuhand 
99 Germany 
102 Germany 

6 01*4*7 
4ft 02/22*2 
3ft 03/19/99 
6ft 04/26*6 
8 01/21*2 
Aft 11/20*1 
6ft 0512*05 
6 07*4*7 
7*1 01*3*5 

5 08/20*1 

6 ft 10/14*5 

5 05*21*1 

6 01*5*6 
6ft 01*4/24 
7ft 11/11*4 

6 02,14*6 
8*. 09/20*1 
6ft 07/15*3 

8 07,* 22*2 

9 10/20*0 
54= 08/22*0 
51k 11/21*0 
6ft 06/11*3 
6ft 07*9*3 
74 09*9*4 
71s 12 * 2*2 
8ft 08*0*1 
6' * 03*04*4 
8 ft 12 / 20*0 
5ft 02 * 21*1 
7ft 01/29*3 
5ft 0515*0 
6ft 05,13*4 
6ft 07*1.99 

6 *6*2016 
6ft 04.22*3 
3ft 121898 
8i; 02/20*1 
6ft 0471*3 

7 0113*0 

7 127297 

6 0915*3 
9 01/22*1 

3>: 09/18/98 
6'.: 0215-00 

7 117599 
6ft 9500/99 
6ft 010299 
8ft 0521*1 
6ft 07,15*4 
7ft 1021*2 
5ft 04-79.99 
7ft 1 QUITO 

5 121798 
6’j 12*298 

6 111 203 
8ft 07.2000 

101.1 6S4 

16 Netherlands 
35 Netherlands 
73 NetheriTfaUs 
78 Netherlands 
83 Netherlands 

100 Netherlands 

101 Netherlands 
106 Netherlands 
108 Netherlands 

113 Netherlands 

114 Netherlands 
117 Netherlands 
124 Netherlands 
144 Netherlands 
149 Netherlands 
151 Netherlands 
153 Netherlands 
158 Netherlands 
160 Netherlands 
169 Netherlands 
174 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 
189 Netherlands 
199 Netherlands 
201 Netherlands 
208 Neiheriands 
219 Netherlands 
226 Mbna AmerStr 

249 Neiheriands SP 

250 Netherlands 

6 V. 07/15/98 
54* 02/15*7 
TWO 07/31/97 
7% 03*1*5 
8 Vt 03/15*1 

6 01/15*6 
7ft 06/15/99 
Bft 06/15*2 
9 01/15*1 
5ft 01/15*4 
7ft 01/1503 
6 * 11/15*5 

8*4 02/15*0 
6V5 07/15/98 

7 03/15/99 
836 09/15*1 
T i 10*1*4 
7M 01/15*0 
zero 06/30/97 
71a 04/1510 

7 0615*5 

7 0215*3 
8 ft 09/15*7 
9 0515*0 
8 ’i 0215*2 
6 05/21*7 
zero 0115/23 
Bft 05*1*0 

1 111000 

64 Sweden 
166 Sweden 
147 Sweden 
185 Sweden 
187 Sweden 
190 Sweden 1037 
211 Sweden 1036 
232 Sweden 

U.S. Dollar 

1 Brazil Cap S.L 

9 Argentina par L 
15 Snail parzi 
17 Argentina FRN 
22 Argentina 

26 Mexico 

27 Brazil S_D FRN 

*16 041514 819819 5*600 
5ft 03/31/23 69*261 7.9300 
5tt 04/15/24 667809 7.9800 
616 0129*5 89.7580 7.5200 
11* 01/301 7 107*409 10*500 
11(4 0*1526 109.9118 104600 
6 ft 041 5/24 813809 12500 

29 Venezuela FRN 6 ft 1218*7 914882 7.1000 

33 Brazil L FRN 6 *a 0415*6 91*510 7*300 

34 Venezuela par A 61* 03/31/20 75.0624 19900 

37 British Telecom 
51 Bran FRN 

7 05/23/07 916746 7.0900 
6'4 01*1*1 984250 64000 

56 Brozi S.L FRN 69» 041512 824875 13900 

65 France OAT 
75 France OAT 
98 France OAT 
111 France OAT 
125 Britain T-nale 
128 France BTAN 
150 France OAT 
179 France OAT 
192 Italy 

213 France B.TAN. 

5ft 04/25*7 

5 01/26/99 

5 OH 6/99 
7ft 04/25*5 
8ft 04/2922 
9' # 02*1*1 

6 04*2*4 
6 0316*1 












59 Mato FRN 7ft 08*001 100J300 7*200 

79 Bulgaria FRN 6*6 07/2811 607695 94300 

80 Ecuador FRN 3’4 02*815 666852 49500 

82 Mexico par A 6 ft 12/3119 745996 03800 

85 Mexico par B 6 ft 12/3119 712205 8*400 

91 Morgan Guar T 6 ft 0528*2 99.4863 67800 

92 Brazil S.L FRN 6 0415*9 87*125 7.9500 

95 Bulgaria FRN 6 V* 07/2424 609063 9*200 

103 Venezuela par B 6 ft 03*1/20 761250 08700 

104 Argentina FRN 6 I t 03*1/23 85*000 00100 

105 Brazil Cbond S.L 4ft 041514 803450 60900 

109 Turkey 10 0533*2 1011250 9.7900 

116BriHshGas zero 11*4/21 151k 7.9900 

1 20 BayerVeretnsbankdft 05/22*0 1002500 67300 
126 Mexico 9ft 0115*7 106.0784 9*100 

129 Russia 9ft 11/27*1 99*581 9.3100 

136 Ecuador par 3ft 02*8*5 448125 7.0100 

138 Argentina FRN 6703104*1*1 1203500 44400 

141 Brad 

142 Mexico 

143 Poland Inter 

6 091513 75*767 7.9600 
lift 091516 1006250104700 
4 10/271 4 83J188 47800 

152 Mexico D FRN 6351612/2819 962351 66700 

8ft 11*5*1 102*250 06500 

156 Mexico A FRN 6867212/3119 92.0625 7*600 

French Franc 

94 FranceOAT 
119 France OAT 
139 France OAT 
145 France BTAN 
224 Catalunya Gen 

159 Holy FRN 671880512*2 99*100 67300 
162 Poland FRN 6 *i» 1077/24 900754 7.0700 

165 Sal He Mae 4ft 08*2*9 960000 4.6900 

166 Bulgaria 2 ft 07/2012 52*500 43100 

167 Brazil 61 FRN 68ft 041512 82.1366 04500 

168 Mexico C FRN 6820312/3119 92*432 7.4100 

171 Bca Com ExL 7ft 02 * 2*4 91.7500 7.9000 

172 British Telecom 6 ft 04/25*2 99*878 67800 

176IADB 6 ft 03*7*7 97*716 68000 

182 Italy 6 ft 09/27/23 91.7902 7.4900 

1B4 Mexico B FRN 6835912/3119 92.7326 7*700 
191 Landes kasOef 6 ft 05/21*2 99*000 67800 
195 Argentina 11 10*9*6 1068750101000 

196EIB zero 11*6/26 12ft 7*800 

197 Peru Pdl 4 03*717 62*250 63900 

203 Quebec 7 01/30*7 97*750 7.1900 

209 Fst Nat Bk Chic 7 05*8*0 1003750 69700 

210 BadWuert L Fin 7 04*0*2 101.1990 69200 
215 Peru Front 3ft 03*71 7 56*250 5.7400 
21 8 Tokyo Elec Pwr 7 0213*7 99*1 96 -7.0300 

220 Ontario 7ft 01/27*3 102.0000 7*300 

221 Ecuador FRN 69* 02/28(25 69*750 9*800 

ZZ4 Catalunya Gen 8ft 
237 France B.T.A.N. 4ft 
242 France B-TAN. 4ft 

171 Bca Com ExL 

172 British Teleawn 

182 Italy 

Finnish Markka 

122 Finland sr 1999 11 0115*9 llt.1709 9*900 
202 Finland Serials 7ft 0418*6 106*474 68200 

Italian Lira 

163 Italy 6 ft 03*1*2 901100 63700 

180 Italy 7ft 0915*1 103*000 7 -5800 

235 Deutsche Bk Fin zero 01/20*2 6 ft 00900 

195 Argentina 
197 Peru Pdl 
203 Quebec 

209 Fst Nat Bk Chfc 

210 BadWuert L Fin 
215 Peru Front 

218 Tokyo Elec Pwr 

220 Ontario 

221 Ecuador FRN 

223 EJapan Railway 7ft 1011*6 99*750 7*000 

227 Guang Enter 8 >* 05*2*7 99.7500 8.9000 

228 France Telecom zero 0tflW97 99*756 5*900 

229 China Inti TScinv 6318705/23*2 99.9000 63200 

233 Btc Capital Trvst651 17 12*026 98.4300 66200 
243 Mbno Master Cr 5.75750315*1 1001294 5.7500 
246 Ontario 6 02 * 1*6 92.7500 6*700 

Japanese Yen 

3.100009/30*6 102.0623 3.0400 

The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, June 2-6 

4 W'ojukiL-Cfftj ueeis oesratr-c a*s Huncul evrna compaea lor me international Herald Triune by Sfoom/wg Business News. 

Asia-Pacific Europe An 


Expected Manila: Board of Investments spon- 
This Week sors an investment forum "Invest- 
mart '97." Monday to Wednesday. 
Seoul: South Korea hosts the Asia 
Shipping Forum, concerning ship- 
ping affairs. Tuesday to Friday. 
Singapore: Asian Aircraft Finance 
Forum. Wednesday to Thursday. 

Pretoria: The Reserve Bank may 
release preliminary gold and foreign 
exchange reserves for May. 
Earnings expected: Cartsberg A/S. 
EA-Generafi AG; Boots Company 
PLC. Railtrack Group PLC. 

Atlanta: Spring Consumer Electron- 
ics Show. Monday to Thursday. 

New York: PaineWebber Inc. pre- 
sents "Aggressive Growth & Tech- 
nology Conference." Tuesday to 

Washington: National Cotton Coun- 
cil’s board meets. Until Wednesday. 

June 2 

Bangkok: Commerce Ministry re- 
ports consumer price index for May. 
Sydney: Reserve Bank of Aus- 
tralia's May commodity price index. 
Tokyo: Japan Automobile Dealers 
Association releases May figures for 
vehicle sales. 

London: Bank of England releases 
April monetary and financial statis- 
tics and figures for M4 growth rates 
and tending to individuals and the 
May provisional estimates of MO. 
Paris: Ministry of Labor releases 
May unemployment figures. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports April personal income 
and spending; April construction 
spending; National Association of 
Purchasing Management releases 
its May purchasing managers' in- 

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Agri- 
culture and Resource Economics to 
issue Australian crop report. 

Hong Kong; Government holds 
land auction for three parcels. 
Tokyo: Business trends survey in 
the first half of this year. 

Brussels: Meeting of Renault SA 
management and employees of Vil- 
voorde plant in Belgium hold a meet- 
ing to discuss the plant's closure. 
Earnings expected: Qe La Rue 
PLC, National Grid Group PLC, 
Vodafone Group PLC. 

New York: UR Redbook Research 
service releases its weekly survey 
of total U.S. sales at more than 20 
department, discount and chain 

Washington: Conference Board re- 
ports March leading indicators. 

Wednesday Jakarta; May inflation rate and 
June 4 March trade balance are released. 

Tokyo: The Bank of Japan releases 
April data on average lending rates: 
Pnce Bureau of the Economic Plan- 
ning Agency convenes committee 
on “Price Structural Policy." 

London: Cities International Expo. 
Speakers include Tesco Corp.'s 
chief executive, Bob Tessari. 

Rome: Istat releases May final con- 
sumer prices numbers. 

Earnings expected; British Energy 
PLC. Southern Electric PLC. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports factory orders for 
March; Mortgage Bankers Associ- 
ation of America releases weekly 
report on mortgage applications; 
U.S.-China Business Council spon- 
sors annual meeting. 



Seoul; Prime Minister Koh Kun 
meets with heads ol financial in- 
stitutions to seek ways to stabilize 
the financial industry. 

Taipei: May consumer price inflation. 
Tokyo: April household spending da- 
ta. May trade figures. 

London: Confederation of British In- 
dustry releases survey of distribu- 
tive trades for May. 

Paris: Bank of France Monetary 
Council meets; government an- 
nounces price range for France 
Telecom SA’s initial public offering. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports April housing comple- 
tions: Labor Department reports ini- 
tial weekly state unemployment com- 
pensation insurance claims: weekly 
money supply. 

June 6 

Hong Kong: Government releases 
external trade volume and price 
statistics for March, 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases 
Bank of Japan accounts and its an- 
nual review of monetary and eco- 
nomic developments tor fiscal 1996. 

London: Bank of England's Mon- 
etary Policy Committee meets to de- 
cide whether to change interest 

Rome: Istat releases March indus- 
trial orders and sales numbers. 
Stockholm; May jobless figuren^ 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports May unemployment: Com- 
merce Department reports April 
wholesale trade: Federal Reserve 
Systems releases its weekly report 
on commercial and industrial loans 
ALLLS. commercial banks. 

BIS Sees Risk in Liquidity Splash 

Central Banks’ Banker Warm ofToo Mudi Speculation 

* V ,,n 

*- ,|er* 

. .r*r . 

* : 

f*r Uh tiH t - ; 
mmmis s 4 ~ 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Iniemorional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The central bank to the world’s leading central 
banks just won't let go of its worry beads. Stock prices are 
soaring, bond markets are well-behaved, exchange rates are 
just about where the major countries want them to be, 
international bank lending is ar a record high, as is activity in 

of lending but also its size, given that lending against col- 
lateral creates a level of comfort that may increase die 
readiness to extend credit — injecting more liquidity, which 

The^rep^^oes not specifically trite bank lending to Russia 
as an example* buLthe implication is clear in its observation 
that credit flows to Russia, which totaled $3.1 billion in the 
fourth quarter, “appear to have been rechanpeled abroad in 

ri. m* wfovk e k r ■$& 
Ifettf ttriJjLUL. 

-*** * 

imeraanomu ban* lending is ar a recora mgn. as is rrnter*.” 

2* bond market - an! still the Bank for Intemational thefonn of deposits t 

Settlements frets ^ ; — — much larger scale, foreshad- 

Ample liquidity, it re- p i j» TntMuatinnfll Settle- • owed die Latin American debt 

peatedly says m iw quarterly re- The Bank for International acme aisi5 of Jjje earjy l9g0s 

mentsappears flustered by the ease More ge n«Jiy. d* bis « 

meots, provides raoney^It wid, wWdhfli<inidity is being created. 

port Intemational Banking and 
Financial Market Develop- 

4ft 03/2003 112*697 40000 
3ft 06/0005 1066250 3*200 
6 05/2098 1042268 5.7600 
5ft 03/2002 1148470 45700 
2 12/2099 101.4391 1.9700 

4ft 12/20*4 115ft 41200 

5ft 0518*0 1000000 5*500 

SO Deut Fin NV zero 05/27/27 3*000 120400 

9*00004/30/99 107*200 07400 
8 05/3004 109*150 7*000 
7.900002/20112108*790 7*700 

Financial Mariret Develop- wu, 

meots, provides easy money. It with which liqrnidi 

says that such credit fuels ex- 

cessive leveraging — another 

term for speculation — and large cross-border investment 

“Given the variety of actors now involved in cash and 
derivatives markets and the broad range of products available, 
the existence of excessive leverage in some market segments 
cannot be excluded," the BIS said. 

Those factors, in turn, may be resulting in a mispricing of 
risk, which could bum investors if there were to be “an 
unexpected turnabout in underlying conditions." 

Not that the Switzerland-based institution sees such a 
turnabout on the horizon. 

To the contrary, the BIS appears flustered by the ease with 
which the liqmdity is being created. Traditionally, the spigot 
was the huge interbank market — banks lending to banks that 
lend to banks, always subject to prudential and regulatory 
controls and limits. Such funding represented 59 percent of 
total net intemational financing only two years ago. It is now 
running at just over 20 percent 

This reduction reflects the explosion in die so-called 
"repo" market — where bank lending to other banks is 

— • - much larger scale, foreshad- 

national Settle- owed tte l^Ammcan debt 
_ _ _ crisis of the early 1980s. 

ered by the ease More generally, die BIS is 

, kaifin mvatwl concerned that in an environ- 
r is being cxeatea. ment 0 f ample liquidity and in- 

tensifying global competition 

there may be a tendency to underestimate and therefore 

misprice risk exposures. , . . 

• ‘Reliance on historical data in the analysis of nsks, even ’ 
using increasingly sophisticated and integratedmodcls. is not ’ 
sufficient to ensure adequate risk management.'’ the report 

It adds that there is a * ‘need for more consistent and better . 
identification of risks by lending institutions" especially at a 
time when there is "greater official _ reliance on market forces - 
yVian on rigid supervisory prescriptions.' ' 

The BIS reported that first-quarter activity in the in- 
temational bond market amounted to $206.4 billion, a down . 
slightly from the record $208 billion set a year earlier. 
Syndicated bank loans amounted to SI 14.4 billion, up 18 • 
percent from the year-ago quarter but down 28 percent trorn 
the fourth quarter. 

Rank lending to less-developed countries last year set a 
quarterly record in die final three months of $40.4 billion and 
an annual record of $123.8 billion. 

.. * r me dtum 

. •■■ /H gu r- 'g 

• s.-fliu’v-ii'ririSr* 

urtv^B “ 

: A.r .-/feje 

' s’ «.-«r £ -■ ie 


11 01/21/99 109.1960 100700 
6 02/09/05 95*070 6*200 
6 ft 102^06 963250 67500 
10ft 05*5*3 1102040 8*700 
13 0615*1 1248700104100 

8 0815*7 1063350 7*200 
10ft 05*5*0 112*090 9.1100 

9 04/20*9 113.9370 7.9000 

"repo” market — where bank lending to other banks is The BIS appeared to point to National Westminster Bank 
collateralized by securities. Most often these are high-quality PLC as an example of the potential dangers in the derivatives . 
government issues, such as Treasury bonds. Bunds and gilts. . market Although it did not name the ban k dire ctly, the BIS - 
But there are also securities issued by lower quality ‘ 'em erg- said in a summary of its report that large options losses at a • 
ing market" countries, and these are said to be increasing, British bank cast doubt on banks' internal risk controls, 
though such talk rem ains unsubstantiated because data are not NatWest said in March that it discovered as much as £90 
yet collected on such securities. milli on ($147.2 million) in options losses in the accounts of a - 

What worries the BIS is not only the quality of this pyramid former trader that go back three years. 

", m- 

-v*' 3" 

Bonds Expected to Gain Before Jobs Data 

•i? ^ m 

: 9-.-i .Ml 

Ccnyalnl by Our Suff frnm [XifKitrim 

NEW YORK — U.S. Treasury bond 
prices will probably edge higher this 
week on expectations that May unem- 
ployment data, to be released Friday, will 
point to a slowdown in the economy. 

But if the jobs report adds to signs that 
the economy has not slowed, investors' 
opinions may swing toward counting on 
another interest-raie increase from the 
Federal Reserve Board, analysts say; 

The bond market continues to hang 
on almost every statistic for dues to 
what the Fed will do next. Even though 
the rate of economic expansion for the 
first quarter was revised slightly upward 
last week, there are enough signs of 
slower growth to support the view that 
policymakers will stand pat when they 
meet on July 2. 

Bui consumer-confidence measures 
are near ail-time highs and spending 
could speed up again, persuading cemral- 
bank officials to raise rates once more. 

“Any week with a payroll number is 
going to be a big one." said Dana John- 
son. head of market analysis for First 
Chicago Capital Markets. "If the Fed 
hw a bias toward tightening, which I 
think it does, the employment data will 
go a long way toward determining its 
next move.” 

Richard Gilhooly. a senior bond 
strategist at Bank Paribas, said: "The 

market will be very nervous ahead of the 
payroll number. There's a lot of con- 
fusion and crosscurrents from other 

Not only will investors be looking to 
see whether the pace of U.S. job cre- 
ation is accelerating and the unemploy- 
ment rate is remaining low, they will 
also be watching to see whether wage 
costs are climbing. 

“If we see 12-moflih wage inflation 
rise over 4 percent, investors are going 

“If you think the direction of rates is 
not doing much, you want to make sure 
you earn more" with interest income, 
said Jane Wyatt, chief investment of- 
ficer at Voyageur Asset Management in 
Minneapolis. Voyageur has had about 
80 percent of its fixed-income holdings 
in so-called spread products since the 
be ginnin g of the year. 

Among fixed-income investments, 
those that offer extra yield — including 




high-yield corporate debt, asset-backed' 
bonds and mortgage securities — haw*f 

to start worrying again about whether 
companies can absorb that kind of wage 
pressure without raising prices." sard 
Gary Thayer, a senior economist ai 
A. G. Edwards & Sons Inc. 

On Monday, the Treasury is to offer 
$15 billion — half in three-month bills 
and half in six-month bills — which 

yielded 5.05 percent and 5.40 percent 
respectively in when-issued trading on 


Bui many investors are spuming the 
Treasury market, turning their attention 
to mortgage bonds and other fixed-in- 
come securities that pay extra yield, or 

spread, above Treasury bonds, because 
mey do not expect a big change inTreas- 
ury yields without signs that the economy 
is either overheating or cooling. 

bonds and mortgage securities — haw*! 
been among the best performers. Many 
of these securities have gained more ■' 
than 2 percent this year, according to 
Lehman Brothers Inc. 

Investors who bought benchmark 30- 
yeai Treasury bonds, by contrast, have 
lost more than 2 percent on their in- 
vestment this year, as measured by Leh- 
man. Treasury bond yields, which ended - 
the week at 6.92 percent compared with * 

6.98 percent the previous week, have 
not moved much in the past month. 

“We'll be trading at these levels until 
the Fed tightens or die market is con- 
vinced the economy is moderating and • 
inflation is not a problem." said Todd ■ 

Barre, a manager at Harris Bank in 

Chicago. He predicted 30-year Treasury - 

yields would range between 6.80 per- . 

cent and 725 percent in the short term. 'V' E* \'T I V * 

(Market News. Bloomberg. V»'Pi -'JL i [ j \ \ ; ft -, j 

- — ?. A ‘A ^jpwvofii 

■ J L-.?V-ri i Lit.aa 

— ~_:r_ 

• . •’«. ~^nlb > .,» ■ 

* -*»-! ! 

••t.i-i ; rT- 

: M > ■ . . . 

»■ ■ p '' 1 ?*&**- 

. ■ Jto-- -MJ 

. Av* |7 ^ 

r — ’ 

h?\ ^ 

New International Band Issues 

..... yj - - 

Compiled by Paul Floren 



Floating Rate Notes 

Fi rst Chicago NBD 
Household BanX Nevoda 

■-* :•* *v 

0.75 99*33 

2004 0.15 99*55 
2000 0625 100 

— Over 3roen!ti Libor. CoUaMe in 2001. Fees 02OS6 (Sakunon Braffiera infLJ 

— OverS^twnIh Lfeor. N onoaBable. Fe*s2%*. (Morgan Stanley.) 

— OverJ-rnorrfh Plbor. N ooca noble. Fees 0,1 J%. (Cretflt Commwdal ae France.) 


AB Svensk Exportkredft 

Associates Carp- 

Banco Hlpotecarfo Nooona) 
British Columbia 
Credit Local de France 
Finance for Danish Industry 

Tokyo Electric Power 
Deutsche Finance 

.-■*»» JliT 

; -r-'.-A-.' 

-- r- - -V. 



6.01 99.13 
7ft 101*71 
8 99.99 

7ft 101*31 
6 ft _ 101*5 
~ 101.115 
9 ft 99.80 
7ft 99.B15 
~ 4ft i 01.025 
6ft 101ft 
_ 6ft 102.96 

NonealtaWe. Fees 0*0%. (YamokJiU 

Reoffered at 99*31. NmcaEabie. Fees 29b. (Gaiaman Sachs.) 

NoncBUabte. Fees 040%. (Lehman BrattwrsJ 

Weofferad at 99 *56 NonaaDable. Fees 2%. (M»iW Lynch j 

Reofferodct 101X025. Noncollab le. Fees 1 W(, (Bnnque inn a Luxembourg.) 

Retfhswi ai 99*16 NoncnHobte. Fees 1 tSataraon Brottwrs.) 

NoncaBoble. Fees 1%. CCSF3J 

NonceHabte. Fees 0 325%. (Gctomor Sacfts inti) 

Reofferad at 99*75. Noncotlotte. Fees (Deu tsche Morgan Granted.) 

Reofferw at 99*5. NoncolloMa Fees 2ft. (Coramerzbank.) 

NoncaHabta. Fees 3%. (LanbesbankJ ~ 

it > 

*.-M -i 

-I . 

. - 

—• . »v 1 


Ottoman Rnance 

European Investment Bank 

8 100*25 
5ft 101*43 
~7ft 100.963 

DR Investments 
Sotton Bridge Financing 
OCE-VAN derGrtnten 

Nordic Investment Bank 
Toyota Finance Australia 

Asdill .000 
5 Rand 2, 000 
V 35. 000 

3ft 100.882 
Sb 100*55 
7ft 100ft 
"zero 2.88 
7 101*65 

9^75 Reatterad at 104. HanoaHaWe. Fees 1 U.P. 

99.1 8 Recfferad at 9 9^X3. woncaHaw. Fees 2W>h. <csfbj 

^ 10 ^ outstmidinB tesve raising toot !o£950 miWon. Fees a.32S^ 

100.05 R«olle«t499332.)to ncoaab) & ' 

1 00-30 SemFanwraL NoncoltaMe. Fees 196, (MenW Lynchj ~ 

— Reofhreaw 99*0 NoncoDoMe, Fees 2%. (ABN-AMROJ “ 

— NaricaPoble. Fees not dbetased. t CraJfansftB BcmwerOn.) ” 

~ Y leJoig^a, Fees 0*5%, (HorofarisaankJ 

~ NoncalloMe. F ees 1 Wb. (BZW.) " 

— NoncnBoMe. Fees oas^Tomi. Bank of Jopan.) “ 

" VrJt:' • 


k -M* eg* 

r --- 

last Week # s Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

United 5rnrg Way; 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 


DJ TfOns, 
S 8 P 100 
S & F 500 
Nikkei 325 

UnBefl Stoles 
DBcoun] roie 
Federal funds rote 

Weekly Sales 

MBf M May 23 Yr U|t Trta> 

CaU money 
3raton8i Merbwik 


TSE Indus. 

Fg SB 



4*21*0 4661*0 

BanTbase rate 
CaB money 
3^nontt irterbonk 

6385*0 642150 

3*83.94 2.742.90 

3*47*4 3*02(9 

14757*1 14371.68 


mane— ornate 

Coil money 
3-mantl) bnettwnk 

CaH money 
3- month Interbank 

Poun ds sterling 
Dantsli kroner 
SwedlSi kronor 

EClM mam term 

Can. S 
Alls. S 


698 7J)1 

6 a 660 

634 641 
7*0 7*3 
5TO 5*3 
697 7.09 
5*9 5*1 

5*g 64j 
632 6*3 
S46 5*7 
k27 6*g 
7*3 7*8 
7*5 7*7 
t07 2*4 

7*8 653 
6*3 610 
6*0 5.96 
7.75 7.09 
103 4*6 

IS 4 - 57 

5.92 5*8 
5*1 482 
642 5.76 
547 476 
6*1 5.70 
7*6 7.11 
0*9 7.19 
2*9 1*4 

Source: Luxembourg sock axiiong*. 

Primary Morfcet 

Com m EiracKOT 

s Haas S nans 

Straloras 1716 597* 2.157.1 60«fl.O 

Convert. 15 — 49* 0.9 

FRNs 450* 349* 372.0 87 6 

ECP SOT* 11*040 15*53.7 11*504 
Total 94554 ] 1,999* 17632* 15906.9 

OMHBk Enncinr 

3 Haas % Nans 

5tralgMs21*89.1 12.151.1 85. TO* 202469 
Convert. 7267 620* 2.7909 1*70.7 

FRNS 1X535* 4675* 47,304* 5^0.4 
ECP 1X151.1 17.7503 19^06* 25469.7 
Total 47702* 354049155.119*60.767* 
Sounx Eurodeat Cede! Bank. 

- ST:. 

AXt -Jy&. 
rJ-Jw. ■ndK' 

Libdr Rates 

902,16 89677 

worta Imtevnmn Atorgan Stanter cboBW tart 

™ IWJV30 Moy23%Ch*go 

LoMonp4n.HU 345*0 342*5 +009 




5 *^ 1 



French franc 






6 V 2 




RAGE 15 

juiditv Spla 

fi>c/ Much Spvrtiitisii 

. ; *r 

t»rr»' T. • • 

onid Sortie - 
ih 1 * tk t-W 
bring I’t^iUsnJ, 

Before Jul 

Central Bank 
May Move on 
Thai Lenders 

Iftr Final DufUBVT 

BANGKOK — The Bank of Thai I and 
on Monday will request powers to order 
immediate mergers among 33 troubled 
finance companies, according to a news- 
paper report published Sunday. 

*The central bank will seek a decree 
from die cabinet giving it absolute au- 
thority to tackle the ailing financial sec- 
tor. unnamed officials were quoted as 

The bank's move comes after earlier 
merger incentives failed, the report said. 

TTie decree, if approved, would em- 
power the central bank to order finance 
companies to merge without having to 
seek shareholder approval, the paper 


The Bank of Thailand's assistant 
governor. SLri Ganjarerodee. confirmed 
that authorities were looking at new 
measures, but he denied the central bank 
would seek a decree on Monday, the 
Bangkok Post reported Sunday. 

Thailand's finance and securities 
firms have been hit by declining asset 
quality brought about by troubled lend- 
ing to an oversupplied property market 
and consumer financing. 

A plan to merge Finance One PLC, 
formally the country's leading finance 
firm, and medium-sized Thai Danu 
Bank PLC collapsed last month. 

There are approximately 90 firms in 
the sector with combined lending of 
around S5S billion. The exact extent of 
the problem loans is unknown but many 
analysts have estimated that about 10 
percent are nonperforming. 

The Firms have also seen the value of 
their securities portfolios decline on the 
battered local stock market. The Stock 
Exchange of Thailand index closed Fri- 
day at 566.39. less than half its value a 
year ago. Finance One shares lost more 
than two-thirds of their value Friday as 
they traded for the first time since Feb. 
28. [Reuters. Bloomberg) 

Technology’s Treacherous 7-Year Cycle 


By Floyd Norris 

New liirJt Tmn Vn.’iv 

Behold, there come seven years 
of great plenty. And there shall 

eventually went broke, j 
The one before that peaked in 
about 1 969, 1 4 years earlier, when 
hot technology stocks made go-eo 
mutual fund managers famous. In 

arise after them seven years of those days, it was good enough to 
famine, and all the plenty shall he sound techy. For example, Per- 


Genesis 4 / :29-.i0 

NEW YORK — Using the 
Bible to forecast the stock market 
is not orthodox, to say the leasT. 
But the greatest stocks of our time 
— the technology stocks — do 
seem to run in seven-year cycles. 


Perhaps it takes that long for 
people to get over the shock of the 
previous cycle's ending. 

The great lech-stock bull mar- 
ket before the current one ended in 
the summer of 1983. when it 
seemed that every little personal- 
computer stock was hot. fOne 
computer company had to cancel 
its stock offering when its founder 
died, while celebrating the success 
of the deal. But the publicity from 
that cancellation made the stock 
even hotter when it went public 
again a bit later. The company 

formance Systems Inc., which 
had changed its 
name from Min- 
nie Pearl Fried 
Chicken. was Chances in Inters 
briefly a star. stock price. 

It was almost 

seven years ago, 'T975Jowto 
in the fall of ^igh 

1 990. when tech- ^ 983 high to 

nology stocks 1 990 low 

came alive again. , 

Investors had 
gradually a ban- '997ntgn 

dooed the breed 

after 1983. and 

by 1 990 one 

Cycles of Intel 

1983 high to 
1990 low 

1990 low to 
1997 high 

could come out of any garage. 

In the years since, investors 
have gradually warmed to tech- 
nology stocks, although the love 
affair with smaller ones is nothing 
like it was a couple of years ago. 

That is because a lot of those 
hot new issues in 1 995 and 1 996 
did not work out. 
j To demonstrate, 
we found the 10 
hottest new- tech- 
nology issues that 
made their debuts 
_ between May 

+2540% 1995 and May- 

1996. All were so 
-15% popular that un- 

derwriters were 
able to sell them 
+z^3zs% tor more than the 

NVT highest prices 

mentioned when 
the * companies 


small-stock mutual fund, desper- filed to go public. Ail saw their 
ate to convince investors that it prices leap ai least 75 percent on 
had changed its losing ways, was the first day of trading. 

promising thai never again would 
it have a big position in tech- 
nology stocks. 

By then, everyone knew that 

How have they done? If you 
managed to gel in on the offerings 
— meaning if you knew some- 
body or were a very important 

technology companies were vul- customer of an underwriting firm 
nerable to falling prices for their — you’re still in the money. An 
products and to competition that investor who put $ 1 .000 into each 

of the 10 stocks at ihe offering 
price would now have a portfolio 
worth SI 6.623. 

But an investor who bought on 
the first day of trading of each stock 
would have seen $10,000 shrink to 
58,131 — in a bull market. 

Technology stocks were on a 
roller coaster last week. They 
soared Tuesday, in a move that 
James Cramer, the money man- 
ager and journalist who writes on 
the Internet for 
traced to some not-so-clever 
money managers getting caught 
in a disastrous index-options trade 
that forced them to buy at any 
price. On Friday, technology 
stocks tumbled after Intel said its 
sales would not be up to expec- 

Has this cycle ended? Who 
knows? There are still plenty of 
tech believers, as could be seen 
late Friday, when Intel recovered 
to dose at $ 1 5 1 -50. down S 1 2.27. 
after hitting $137,875 in the 
morning. Its price assumes that 
revenue will still keep rising and 
that neither competition nor re- 
cession is a serious threat. 

The fears of 1990 are almost 
totally forgotten. It took only sev- 
en years. 

Koreans Hanshin Defaults on Payment to Creditors 

C.w? h Our SuffFnxi DujMVft-r 

SEOUL — Hanshin 

($24.2 million) in bank 
promissory notes at 

Construction Co., one of Hana Bank. Dong Hwa 
South Korea's biggest Bank and Seoul Bank. 

housing contractors, has 
defaulted on a payment 
to a group of creditor 
banks, a move dial places 
the troubled company 
closer to bankruptcy. 

Hanshin failed on 
Saturday to honor a total 
of 21.61 billion won 

default. A company is insolv- 
ent on the third default. 

Hanshin. the country's 
50th largest company, sought 
court protection on Friday 
after determining it would not 

said an official at Seoul- court protection on Fri< 
Bank, the company's after determining it would 
prime creditor. 

Unless Hanshin pays 

the notes by the dose of UACAAA i 
business on Monday. 
the bank offidal said the 

company would be in Consolidated pnees for all shares 
what is known as first Jg^ring week ended Friday. 

be able to pay its debts, a 
company spokesman said. 

He said Hanshin had assets 
of 1.28 trillion won and li- 
abilities of 1.99 trillion won. 

The failure would be the 

Airbus Restructuring Grounded 

Split-Up of Civil and Military Programs Daunts Consortium 


FRAN K FLIRT — Airbus Industrie, the 
European consortium, has dedded to post- 
pone a planned restructuring that would 
make it an independent company, accord- 
ing to a German newspaper report on 

Well am Sonntag reported that the Air- 
bus supervisory board had decided on the 
change in strategy at a May 27 meeting in 
Toulouse. France. No Airbus spokesman 
was immediately available for comment. 

The report said difficulties over the split- 
ting up of Airbus's civil and military pro- 
grams had complicated (he negotiations be- 
ing held by the partners in the aircraft- 
manufacturing consortium. 

Airbus announced the restructuring plan 
in January in a bid to reduce manufacturing 
costs and ro facilitate international business 
alliances while paving the way for outside 
financial participation, including the pos- 
sible sale of shares to the public. 

The change in strategy was influenced by 
the U.S. aerospace giant Boeing Co.’s pro- 
posed takeover of McDonnell Douglas 
Corp.. the report said. The partners in the 
Airbus consortium include Aerospatiale of 
France and Daimler-Benz AG of Germany, 
each of which controls 37.9 percent of the 
venture. British Aerospace PLC holds a 20 
percent stake and Construcciones Aero- 
nauiicas SA of Spain controls the rest, a 4.2 
percent holding. 

Airbus executives said in January that the 
transfer of assets envisioned in the restruc- 
turing hinged not only on a judgment of 
“how far the assets are essential " for the 
construction of airliners, but also on a "de- 
railed valuation" of the assets, which .Air- 
bus had expected to complete by the end of 
the year. 

Airbus won roughly 35 percent of new 
commercial aircraft orders last year, with 
Boeing and McDonnell Douglas together 
controlling the rest of the market. 



Dm Yld 'OfcrGgi Low Cbg 


= 1111 =! 

= ,?ra !i& , l % :Sg 


os i,;|83&2£Zft 

_ TB ljv, 17ft IJft 

e it | « 4 

_ I (HI 7ft, I 'ft, 7ft -ft 

- re 4ft sft * ft 

|.8 Mips 3 

j3 kS S *> p* p* — * 

- 40 77V: 91* fi - ■- 
_na7ci4v, liw ljt, -> 
-.TORS II’., II* rf -Ift 
. 1557 lijft ISJ6 14ft — ft 
_ JI* 6* 5ft _ 

US is iL -ft 

§ft Rftl&rSfc 

& ,§ 

|P fs :]f 

fc h & -s 

{ft ws t . « 

ARGENTINA: Stability Comes at a High Price 

Continued from Page 13 rhythm, the Argentine econ- culty producing new jobs. He 

The model has been widely 
adopted because of its prom- 
ise to make countries more 
efficient, stabilize inflation, 
improve productivity, attract 
foreign investment, create 
new jobs and improve social 

In Argentina, the revisions 

rhythm, the Argentine econ- 
omy will reduce its unem- 
ployment rate in a short peri- 
od of time.” 

Michel Camdessus, man- 
aging director of the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund, said 
on a visit here in late May that 
while he was confident that 
Argentina's economy would 
grow by 6 percent this year. 

reduced inflation from 5.000 the government needed to do 
percent in 1 990, the year after more for the poor. 

Mr. Menem took office, to 
less than 4 percent today. 

The economy, which grew 

4 percent last year, has all but 
recovered from the deep re- 
cession that was caused by the 
Mexican currency crisis two 
years ago and it is now ex- 
pected to post a growth rate of 

5 percent to 6 percent this 

The cornerstone of Argen- 
tina’s stability has been an 
exchange-rate" policy known 
as the convertibility plan, 
which fixes the Argentine 
peso by law at a 1 -to- 1 ratio to 
the dollar and prohibits the 
printing of local currency un- 
less it is backed by new cap- 

Mr. Fernandez said in a re- 
cent interview that he was 
confident the recent pickup in 
the economy would reduce 
unemployment, which has re- 
mained at around 17 percent 
for more than a year now. 

The problem is directly 
linked to the economic 

Hundreds of thousands of 
Argentines have lost their 
jobs in recent years as the 
federal government has sold 
state industries to investors 
who reduced Moated payrolls j 
and as private industry, seek- 1 
to become more compet- 
itive. installed new technol- 
ogy that required fewer 

The finance minister said 
that, based on a calculation 
tiar unemployment declined j 
I percentage point for every ) 
™ee points of economic j 
growth, he expected the un- j 
tt&ptoymera rate to fall to 15 J 
percent by December. . } 

believe the recovery j 
grocer will be quick." Mr. • 
Fernandez said. 

"If we continue at this : 

* * Argentina's reforms 

could fail if efforts are not 
made during this phase to re- 
duce the gap in income dis- 
tribution and to create oppor- 
tunities for the 
disadvantaged," Mr. Cam- 
dessus told local bankers. 

But not everyone believes 
that Argentina "can maintain 
such high growth rates. 
Charles Brown, an economist 
with Morgan Stanley, esti- 

culty producing new jobs. He 
said that Argentina’s growth 
had been concentrated in cap- 
ital-intensive areas such as 
mining that did not provide 
employment to large numbers 
of people. 

“I don't get the impression 
that the underlying causes of 
unemployment in Argentina 
are going to go away anytime 
soon." Mr. Brown said. 

Many economists expect 
an overhaul of Argentina’s 
labor system, which makes 
dismissing employees ex- 
tremely expensive, to lower 
the risk of taking on new em- 
ployees and promote job 
growth among small and me- 
dium-size businesses. 

But the government's labor 
revision bill is stalled in Con- 
gress because of strong op- 
position from labor unions 
and the prospect of the Oc- 

maies that the Argentine tober elections, 
economy will grow- by only Some business leaders 

4.5 percent this year. 

Mr. Brown said that the 
government, which is on a 

have criticized Mr. Fernan- 
dez. who unlike Mr. Cavallo 
has rarely inserted himself in 

tight budget and has little the political debate, for not 
room to increase social pressuring the Congress to 
spending, would have diffi- pass the bill. 


Sock’tc d'lnvcttsvtcmcni j Capital Variable 
I0A. Boulevard Royal, Luxembourg 
R.C. Luxcmhouru B ^3392 


The Board ut Hitixfis h-iv jcvaJiJ Ji tribute un rim- u* the 
.-.Tries r,: the hraniial Vear vmt-.-J un Dea. other SI. !**<•. .1 
tkveknJ 10 die *hjn.)mli!er» w "IV 4 ijil - u| each Lumparimem 

hdd ini lunc UK IWasHwhwv 


1 A-MiXP-.T 


1 OF DSULit'.il 


• Ptk 


; usd 



t USD r» 21 


These thv1J1.Ru- wifi he paid u» -ill TV vh-irihuidcis ol each j 
{.1 impair nen: rich !u::<. un ajy . um delivery •»! uiupun* 1 .1 

havahuve nn.-niH<Red a* die i«[ii tt»iis establishment' f 

8an.|iie LiiAifnhuiiiK 

MiA. Sunit,". .ml Hiftjl 

In jtpifiLiitsv «:h :h-j .vtnis ineurput.inun. dividends nut 

Lbimeii ^ yean the pteuud date ^'ill lapse and revert m 

rh, liukliiil-.S uiRi/Jitirii ills 

Tfu. ami aim u! ihc divider ids jrt&u.ihJcln'.V shaidudders. will he | 

vapitaftsL'i ! 

r.<r Piavturs .j 


1.27 OLD « 
0 IflD I 

I hp 8 -'C 

If Ik 

< s.'s s«'b aw .*5 

/j a a 

: auierw 


zMk ft r 
44 * 


* ,# 2 3 & zS 



I >u K ■ t-o 

-..IfiXl'A Vs. .jy 

at m j ft ft -lu. 


-jim 19. i»fl inS - 4 

Haiw ifr, lav, . i*» 

r mft ft 

e 11 mi 

= fe Sr 

I m 2 ijs 7Vk - 1st 
- t 4*5 —Vi 

lit, 14V. 144. 
.*<• Jilt 

j ^ i — u 





s H 29 1 1 

s!k a ««i 


. 70 14V, ISVk 14V, — S* 

fe A. 

* ^ 11 - 

_ 1741 l 1 -: 


j? 73 

S 0 


f I ? ItI 

5 8% ilk -V, 

® OK ft -5 


k !K ifi t5 ; 

5 ? ST tS 

_?«54 lV‘j 1 1*» IJ -» - 1V« 
r V* 2"'e ?'■> •';» 

; k L T - 

: 5T6 4S 4 JV, — V. 

u t?i n iiv, n<a — 'X 

• It IJ TO 


HmtSpI 125 



IS ft ? ft 

i65i 6s 

4?9iu» imm? .g 

a uv. ij> -b 

rtiiOOrt 2455111 

[? P ' 

L ?ww S3 : 

14 13 1?’5 !?!? 

'» fc .-I* 


5'i 44 — W 


l4h 14', „ 

ft ft 

3 j — ■> 

i'ii i'A -*» 

»is — ^ 
1*1 1 1 > 
M 14 -U 

ft fc 

1 i'll Ai -iVi 

e 3 IB 

i!S • 

I ■•jnlflA 53i 16 
1 K.-r.-t 

31 JjlBPB-Tl 

« » • M «■. h* 

• SS ip .. ♦** *«8 -S 

’4 1 VI 14*1 IS •*» 

16 « m r ft ft -> 


A Pause in the Staples Merger? 

WASHINGTON t Reuters j — Staples Inc. and Office De- 
pot Inc. should remain separate until their case works its wav 
through ihc courts because their proposed $4 billion merger 
cannot be reversed later, government lawyers said in a brief 
scheduled for submission on Monday. 

District Judge Thomas Hogan will decide this month wheth- 
er to grant the Federal Trade Commission 3 preliminary in- 
junction barring the merger. It would last until die courts finish 
their work on the ca-w. which could take a year or longer. 



ROME (Bloomberg) — Italy's inflation rate is not entirely 
under control. >aid Bunk of Italy s governor. Antonio Fazio, 
and he hinted that a rate cut is not immediately in the works. 

Speaking at the Bank of Italy's annual meeting. Mr. Fazio 
said, "the inflationary flames are not totally out. and made 
clear the Bank of Italy wanted to see an annual inflation rate of 
2 percent or less next year. Italian consumer price inflation has 
only been below 2 percent since April this year and was at a 
provisional l .6 percent in May. 

latest in a string of bank- 
ruptcies involving major 
Korean companies^most no- 
tably two steel manufactur- 
ers. Hanbo Group and Sam mi 
Group. (Reuters. Bloomberg I 

1 C tS 

a w. 85* — 1 'A 

f ||r| 


i* Bu •>« 

TAIPEI t Bloomberg > — The Ministry of Finance said 
Sunday it had raised the ceiling for each foreign investor to 
invest in Taiwan stocks to $50 million from $20 million, 
effective Monday. 

On Saturday, Y. D. Sheu. governor of the central bank, said 
Saturday that companies would be allowed to move $50 
million of funds per year in or out of the island without 
government approval. 

Nemtsov Wants Gas Price Cut 

MOSCOW i Reuters) — Russia should sell its gas at lower 
prices domestically to help out its snuggling industry, the 
Interfax news agency quoted First Deputy Prime Minister 
Boris Nemtsov as. saying on Sunday. 

"Since ihe production of Russian industry is not com- 
petitive today, we cannot sell gas inside Russia at world 
prices.” he said. 

© Bank Leumi of Israel posted first-quarter net earnings of 
618.3 million shekels (SI 82.3 million) .up from 1 10.9 million 
a year earlier, buoyed by one-time gains from asset sales. 

© Toyota Motor Corp. is planning to launch its utility range 
of vehicles in India in a joint venture with the Kirloskar Group 
of India, officials said. AFP. Reuters. Bloombere 

’■JSI in Jj jft - 1« 
Ji 1ft 

R'/« ail -is 


T 4S“ k 

ft IP? !$ 
ift W ill 
S5 iv _a 



^ 1516 ?/l 4 >Vm Wi. — 

_ 7TB 1-8 r* c _l„ 

u» A $0“ ->U 

4. 7>A r ft 


«*■ s — 


14Vk IS 

SS ft It 

141 1*4 .Vi, 

st r; J 

r il '4 

17 17*. -vt 


)k L *.Vr 

k k 

'T% -*1 

ns njj — ^ 

V ^ 

jj .216 

Vi ~<r. 

Sj, ■ * 
Slu 6 * ~V? 

32g SJv 

2Mt 215. 



6'i* f’V Iv- 

515. 5l;S .jtf 

l'» T3lu li. 

R i 

frS T. . z 

p. If.'. 21s 

_ 1771 MVa 0». IIV, 

40 5J 81 17V# 6 17V. 

_ »D IS 26>I4V.-I4(. 


DM _ 

J47a IFh -fk 
ii 454,t-7 > Hu 

4V, 4 (i -4 

7SV1 7ft V, .v, 
17V. 17V. — W 


r $ 



fi to ;r 

16 ItV, _ 

mi - ip i»vv lift ft ■ 

,o i J® 

.15 1 1^ M A i -j|f 

i vKv& i4ft 
ja ill 1*^ Aft .j* 

- 'w? 14ft lift ii • ft 

- ii 11” ISft Lift 

— "• ‘*3 17. . ft 

S /j ai* 

f» 6> T ft 

- 017 l»« fS 

E || || '| 

AOblS ^ ^ 

* a MS || 'ii 

, 'iiisli J 

770 3i llf 1^* k Ti* 
- l i55 4 , V I . 4 la 4ft 
■w S5J 1*1 I* 1 " 1*1 I 

= Bur 1* & 3 

— i '<* _ ( 

E.MW Aft 

ES9 fitf 




h | • * 


JSJsE j£ 1 



K613'kSt> j'* 


.15 2 ^ lVSi 


J7 i3 a 


'■» ** IS 

jj 15 a 

; 7 l 


8ft 7W„ 

I Tt i4' * Ay, 


■i w a li 

W 16ft 16ft 

_ 313 4ft lift 14ft *ft 

- % fg r •? 

S» w -fi 

= h: 

J4 jff 1 I'm 14ft ^7 _ 

- Mbi k h. =!5 

%%'i igCfftfa’Jg 

I isaJ pft I > - ft 

7 11ft 10V, I ft —ft 
_ 1443 ii i ift i v; . ft 

, 54 to 18ft 17ft IBft —ft, 

_ 3775 lift lift 15ft - | 

4i i2 

sap 4 n 

PAGE 16 



PAGE 18 



The Associated Press 

— Alessandro Baron ti 

emerged from a tight, three- 
roan sprint Sunday to win die 
15th stage of die Giro d'ltalia 
while Ivan Gotti retained the 
leader's pink jersey he earned 
tbe day before. 

B arond, an Italian member 
of the Asics team, overtook 
two countrymen, Filippo Cas- 
agrande and Paolo Savoldelli, 
in the final 50 meters (160 

Barauti completed the 173 
kilomeiers from Verres to 
Borgomanero in 4 hours 29 
minutes 23 seconds. The 
riders had to contend with 
steady rain and wind, and 
temperatures as low as 4 de- 
grees Celsius (39 Fahren- 

Gotti, trying to became the 
first Italian in six years to win 
tbe Giro, and his chief rival, 
Pavel Tonkov, finished 50 
seconds behind the first 
group. Gotti maintained his 
51 -second lead over the Rus- 
sian, the 1996 champion, wife 
seven stages left Luc Leblanc 
is third, 3:02 behind. 

Gotti, of tbe Saeco team, 
made a solo attack in the first 
Alpine stage on Saturday and 
wrested the pink jersey from 
Tonkov, who rides for 

On Sunday it was Tonkov 
who did the attacking, forcing 
Gotti to match his pace during 
the day's lone climb, on the 
Motarone mountain to apeak 
of 1399 meters above sea 

Gotti entered Saturday's 
stage in third place overall. 

, ■* • ■>#. * -s - v - 

\m ife, 

\m$ ... . 

m ■ s ’ ^ . . „*• - 

^ MSm : i 

French Bury Romania in Rugby 


France ran in nine tries in a resounding 
51-20 victory over Romania in Bucharest 
on Sunday. 

Wingers David Venditti and' Philippe 
Bemat-Salles and second-half substitute 
Sebastian Viars each scored two tries in a 
one-sided victory over a Romanian team 
that has waned as a rugby force in the past 
decade. Romania scored four victories in 
five home games against the French be- 
tween 1974 and 1982 but has done little 

France flies to Australia for a more de- 
manding series of games later this week. 

England 46, Argentina 20 England over- 
whelmed Argentina in the first rest in 
Buenos Aires, taking the game out of the 
Pumas' reach after half time with IS 
minutes of exhilarating play. 

Brit ishLiom 36, Western ftovinoe 21 Tun 
Stimpson, the English fullback, steered the 

British Lions to a third successive victory 
on their South African tour with a near 
faultless kicking display in Cape Town on 
Saturday. Stimpson was successful with 
seven out of eight kicks for a total of 18 
points as the Lions a gain cflm e from behind 
in the second half to secure victory. 

Auckland 23, Australian Capital T er ri to r y 

7 The Auckland Blues won the Super 12 
trophy in Auckland on Saturday with a 
comprehensive victory over Canberra’s 
ACT Brumbies. 

Craig Dowd and Michael Jones scored 
tries for Auckland. Joe Roff replied for 
ACT. The Super 12 is a tournament for the 
top provincial and state teams in Australia, 
New Zealand and South Africa. 

T b uleuaa 12, Bewgoln 6 Toulouse 
claimed the French championship title for a 
fourth successive year after beating Bour- 
goin in a scrappy final at Parc des Princes in 
Paris. (Reuters, AP. AFP ) 



Major Limih Stand mas 









New YOrk 

































A 51 


Kansas Oft 









5 *6 





































4 ’A 

New York 


























St. Louis 
















San Francisco 31 









Los Angeles 





Srai Dtega 





BlftWf UW OCO Ml 


OMtand BOO 000 000-0 1 2 

BaMHars 101 001 06 * — 3 9 9 

NOOK Assennacner IS] and S. Ataman 
Mussina and Hones. w— Mussina 7.1. 

NwYM 000 000 MM f 2 

Boston 011 <10 01 *-10 17 0 

Mendoza Rios (41. M*or (<], Uayd O) ana 
Posada; Haranond. Lacy (7) and Hattaberg. 
W — Ham mend. 3-1 L— Mendoza. 3-2. 
HRs— Boston. Cordero (B).M.Vtaugtm 3 (14), 
O Leery (5), Hattebarg (3). 
aucooo ooo ooo ooo-o io 

Milwaukee 000 000 l«-5 4 0 

Baldwin and Fabregos; Etdred and 
Mammy. w-Etdraa 5*5. L-BoMwtn. 2-7. 
HR— MRwaukrc. CWto (21. 

Kansas aty 030 000 000-3 f 1 

Texas IDO 100 000—2 9 0 

Rusch. R. Vena IS I. Ptchoroo TO and 
MecftHtane wttt and KMercede*. 
w— uusea 3-2. l-to 7-2. Sv— Pktiordo 
(Bl. HRs— Kansas Cby. Demon (4). Texas. 
W.Cldrk TO. 

Minnesota 100 020 100-4 7 0 

Aitrfwta 010 110 000-3 12 I 

Tewksbury. Smtndetl IS). Agubera TO and 
G. Myen. nexsaa P.Harrts IB) and Leyrttz. 
w— Tewksbury. 2*5. L-DkJtsoa 6-2. 

Sy— Aguilera HI). HRs— -Anaheim. E. 
Murrey 13). 

Detrafl 000 103 011 — S 10 0 

r— iiHt im loa nnii — *> a a 

ure. Mk«H TO. M. Myen IB), ToJones (9) 
and Casanova' Fassera. Cnortwn (8). 

B. Wells (9) and □. Wlson. W— Ufa 4-2. 
L— Fassera. 4-2. Sv— TaJanes (4). 
HRs— Seattle. Grirtw (241. 

Toronto 000 100 122-7 12 1 

Oakland 000 213 IS*— 12 14 2 

Haofgen. Crabtree TO. Ouantrfll TO end 
Sarutdoa- Prieto. A .Smell TO. Mahler TO. 
Taytor 19) and 6. WMams. W— Prieta 4-1 
L— Hentgen, S-Z HRs-Terarta. Muted 16). 
Carter (6). OaWaixL Canseco (11), Stabs (41. 


Qeclnatl 020 101 100-9 15 0 

Otago 000 000 100-1 SO 

Sctaumk, Sufflvon (B) and Taubenm 
F.Casfllkj, R.Tarts (S3, BattartteM 00 and 
Senate. W-Sdnurek +4. L— F. Gafflk* 2- 
T. HRs— andnrem. UuUn O). Otago, 
Dunston (2). 

Moatrsal 000 020 000-2 4 2 

PMibWgil 320 021 02x— 10 13 0 

Judea M. Valdes 03. Deal 15). D. wn 
(6. Urbina (8). US mm m and VWdgeu 
Schmidt, warehouse (5). Peters (9, 

M. WBUns (7), Ruebet CEO and KendoO. 

W-Petars. 2*0. L— Judea S-l. 
HRs— Pittsburgh. MXunvtilngs (3), K. 

Young (4). 

nMKoHa 000 101 001-3 B 0 

NtvYort 100 120 30 b— 7 t 1 

E. Romos. Madura (A, Ryan (7). R. Harts 
TO and UeMftnat MflcH, KmMwada TO. 
Udle TO and Huniiey.W— MIdd, 1-4, L-E. 
Ram a* 0-2. HRs-PWtadelpWta Rolen (fl. 

N. Y. Everett M, Hundley (12). Huskey (9). 

Son Otago 002 520 000-9 12 0 
Houston 000 100 010-0 <1 

Gramme, T. Worrell (7) and Flaherty; Holt 
R. Gordo (4). Uma (4), Hudek (9) and 
Ausmus. W-Cunnane. 3-1. Lr-Hofc 5-4. 
Sv— T. Worrell (1). HRs— Son Dtega, S. 

Colorado 016 002 000 000-3 5 I 

Florida OCO 000 021 001-4 10 0 

(12 innings] RXaUey, Leskanic CB). SJteed 
(9). Dejean (10), Dlpota (12) and 
MauwarlnjF Rapa StanKer (9). Powell (10), 
Hutton (12) and CJohnsotL Zaun (9). 
w— Huron, >i. l— D lpata M. 
HRs— Co loro do. Galarraga (13). Florida, 
Canine (4). 

SanFrancbce 000 002 000-2 4 0 
AHanta 000 200 001-3 91 

Foulka. Paata (5) and R.wnklu. Jensen 
(5); Gtovfno. Embree (8). Btatockl TO. 
WtaWtai TO and J. Lopez, E. Perez (41. 
W— WoMars, 2*0. L-D. Henry, 2-1. 
HR— Aflaato, Klesko TO. 

Lbs An ge l s * ooo on ooo— i 7 0 
St. Lore* ooo 010 001—2 40 

RJMantnez and Piazza; AruBenes. T. 
Mattiew* TO and Olfefce. W— T. MattmvA 
2*2. L— Hall, 0-2. 


New York 001 012 120-7 9 0 
Beetab ON 0M BM 70 

PettRte Nelson IB) and Glrardt WbkeMd. 
Garew to and Hasstean. W P eiwte, 74. 
L— Wakeffoid, 1-4. HRs— New York, ONelo 2 

Oovstand 400 IN 000-5 10 0 

Oabbnare 012 101 30*-« 13 2 

Hershlser, Mesa (4). Shuey TO. Mormon 

TO end Borders,- MlJamwa Bosue (4L 
Orosco IS), A. Benitez TO, RcUMyeis (9) and 
Wetater. W-Boskle. 3-1 L— Mesa 0-3, 
Sv— RaJAyere 0 7) . HRs-Ocwtmid, JusSto 
(141, Remcre: TO. Borden (31. Baltimore. 
CRfpkcn (9), Hammonds (5). Tarasco (2). 
BanSck (2). 

Toraeto ON ON 220-13 19 0 

Oaktand IN 010 Ml— 3 11 2 

oemenfc TVnlin |9) and DBrterc 
Tefshedor. C. Reyes (4). On Johnson <a and 
Moyne. W— Clemens. 1 0-0. L-THghcOer, 1 - 
1 HRs— Toronto. Center (7). SProoue (10). 4. 
Gonzalez (4). 

CWcopo 100 010 0Q1— 3 10 1 

MBvroukse IN 010 Ux— 4 4 1 

Nawitt Skuas TO. T.castmo (B) and 
Fabregos; McDonald, Wtakman IS). 
Oo Jonas (9) and Matticny. W— McDonald. 
*■1 L— Novarra 4-4. Sv-DoJones (12). 
HRs— ^ Milwaukee. Bumth 3 ifcl. 

Kawesaty 00a in ooo— l 7 a 

Ttaos 103 000 Ms— 3 0 1 

Apoier, Caskta TO. MLWODams TO and 
Macfarione; Santana XHOmandez TO, 
Wettetand (9) and I. Rodrigues. W— Sa ntan a. 
3-3. L-Awlor. *4. Sv— Wettetand 02). 
HRs— Terav L Rodriguez is, Greer (4). 

Deteon 300 IN 000-4 100 

Seattle 0M 020 100-2 71 

ODvaree, M. Myers (7). Micall OD.TloJones 
(9) and GoMnaew Wofcort Ayala (9) and 
MmsM. w— Ollvaros. 44. L-Wcieolt 2-i 
Sv— ToJones (B. 

Aeabeln 5, Mtaaeseta 3 
Unescmts unavaBaWe. 


Col erode 102 401 OOO-O 11 0 

Florida ON 110 MO-4 12 2 

Rttz. McQiny (71. Leshonlc (B), HaKwe TO, 
DoJoan (9) and JoiRead,- lULBrawb 
F.Hereda TO, Cook (7). Nan TO and Zaun, 
w— Rtt.54. L-k. J ArowaS4.Sv-D0J«an 
(1). HR— Colorado Gatanoga (14). 

□ndMtl OH 111 020—4 7 1 

Ol tamo ON 421 000—7 11 0 

Morgtsv Carmsco (5). SuMvan (7) and 
Toubensee. JORvar (S); Footer, Pattenon 
TO, Rojos U) and Houston. W— Foster, 7-3. 
L— MargarL 2-5. Sv-Ra(as CS>. 

HRs— OndrewtL LzeUn (3). 

Las Aagries 020 ON Ml— 3 « 4 

st. Lores on 104 oox— 4 n a 

L Vo Ides, Oeuno TO, To.Worren £» and 
Piazza; StaWemyro Edwrsiey .(9) and 
LampMn. w-fitrenamyro *4. L— L VBIdei. 
34. Sv-Ecxersteyni). HRs-Lns Angrier 
Anthony CO, KNondswerlh ZD- St. Loris, 
Mabry CD. 

SCO Diaga 440 IM 003—12 14 0 

Heastan 101 010 000-9 10 I 

HBdwek. Bretmer TO. Pimnti TO and 
Ftahertyi Reynolds, RJtoda (2), Magnante 
TO. R. Springer TO. B. Wogner (9) and Aus- 
mus. W— Hitchcock. 5-5 L-RaynaUs, 4-S. 
Sv— P. Smttti 0). HRs— Houst Bagwefl (17). 
PMadriplUa 0M 002 Ml— 3 10 1 

New York 202 0M 24X-1C 14 0 

NU-eOw, Ptantenbero TO, R. Hants (7). 
Ryan TO and Ltaberthafe Reynoso, 
McMIdioel TO, JaJ=renco (9) and Hundley. 
W— Reynosa 4-a L-M. Lettec 44. 
HRs— PMneelpMo, Daultan TO. 

Montreal 200 200 000-4 7 0 

Ptmborgh 010 Ml 000-2 4 0 

Hemwnsan, Trifarri TO, Urbina TO and 
Fletriioi; Laabb Sodoenky TO, Rtncen (9) 
and KendalL W— Hermarrserv 2-3. 
L— Loalza. 4-2. Sv— Urbina (8). 
HRs-MontreaL R. white (9). Fleteber TO. 
PWsburgn, KendoO C2). 

5ai Freactace 4. Attaata 4 
uneseores unavailable. 


Stan lay Cup Finals 


fjowmAT'o mau 



Ausrtric 342-4 declared and 14S-2 
DortrysWra: 257-9 dadored. 


Gmo z>* Italia 

lading ptactegs In 2404m 14tt staged 
Ore Sto d'hafle Orera Reeeonigl to BreuU 

Japanmo Lsaqubs 

1 .Goitl IUSaea7h.4 m.32sjl MkaS, iU 
AKI at 39 s.' 1 GarzeUL It. Mercalane Una 
A Ganzotaz, Colombia Ketme VMt 5. 
Tonfcw, RaaiMapabL Ptspoft It. Ceram tare 
Refbe 7. Prefer, Kazak.AsksaHg.tj8.Mer-, 
Rob Maty 3:12; laGuerinL It. Po« 1-14. 

LeATOsgpleainBSbi 173-tan tBOiriegeof 
Ore Qbo dittos from Venae to Bargo- 











Hires Wroo 






Chun tail 

























Hanshln 9. Yormurl 4 
Yokuir 13. OwnicM 2 
Hiroshima 7, Yokotiamo 3 

ChuntaiU Yokua 2 
Hanshln 4 Yantfuril 
Hiroshima 5 Yokotiamo 4 

1. Alessandro Barontl It, Asfcsrih. 29 m. 23 
sjZ ROppo Case grande, It. Sotgrw 1 Proto 
SovafrteH it, RosWto bam a. u 4. Rkxordo 
ForconL tt. Amore and Vita ot3 sj5. Andrea 
Noe*. It. Asks at 50 v 6. Paata Benin L n. 
MogOflcta MG; 7. Giuseppe dl Grande, it. 
Ntepeb ft. Dentato de PaaA It. R« Mary; 9. 
Wtadhnlr BeW, ft. Bresdatat 10. Luc 
Leblanc Fr. Pom aNU 
ovbkaua I. Gam 70 n. 24 m. 51 ui 
Tar*»re5ls.-5Lebtanc3££ 4. Shafer 3*1; 
5 Mkefl 407; 6. Guerin) 4:17; 7. Dl Grande 
7 £61 5 Belli 8:17; 9. Mcda M3i ta 
Gontchac Ukraine AK1 1034. 
























Nippon Ham 










A 6 S 









Mitsubishi Galant 

Lretang Srto ■com Stmdey In *1.03 
mMon MTOubtaru Odens gaH tounrenrent 
an ore 7Al»yard (BASl-nwrer). pre-72 
TeOniya Country Rokko Ctita cautee at 
Mno (eft from Japan): 

Otte 7. Kintetsu 2 
Ntapan Ham X Lurie 3 
Daleife Seteu3 

DaM7, Selbu4 

Oital Klnretsu 1,11 innings 

Latte 7. Nippon Ham 2 

Satosrt Wgosm 
Taru Nakamura 
KafcJ Idakl 
voshinari Kanaka 

7D- 71}- 70-66 — 778 


74- 45-49-72—290 

72- 70-72-47-281 


73- 72-6740—281 

75- 69-72-70 — 2B1 


^lomorable Moments from Johnnie Walker: RYDER ( A I* irilfi lirnuirrl f'ttllnchi 

1979 -TREV1.\0 i> A C4SE OF .HISX1KE.\ IDE.Vim'. 

ffnrnn n ith R Snnwu. /Avpinf * Wwrnl<t/ M ttiir / .Smd/i *. himmaml /frnrM Tnfamr / ftufnumvil Sport* biru*rdupi ltd. 



Ajax Says Farewell to 3 Favorites 

ConpSed by Our Sk&Fkm* Diipadia 

Ajax Amsterdam said farewell 
Sunday to Amro more stalwarts of its 

great team — Louis van Gaal, Patrick 
Rluivert and Winston Bogarde, who are 

all heading abroad. They received an 
emotional farewell in Amsterdam at the 
club’s last Dutch League match of the 

Kluivert, a striker, and Bogarde, a 
defender, are following die well-trodden 
path from Ajax Amsterdam to AC Mi- 

rendered, 3-1. at Roda JC Kokrade m its 
last league game andthennmffrup, Fw- 
etioord. was rolled over, 2-1, by PC 
Utrecht . __ _ 

Ajax, Vitesse and FC Twente will 
play in next season’s UEFA Cup. 

BELGIUM Ekeren overcame a two- 
goal deficit to beat Anderiecht 4-2, 
Sunday after extra time and win the 

, ■ * « t- 4.. rkinl riofoat 

auuaay iiuci 

Belgian Qm. It was only the third defeat 
in 11 caronnal appearances for Antte* 

■ . .' ■< ■ i . ■ . livn ..Ami 

Anderiecht’s Ukrainian striker Oleg 
Yaschnk opened the scoring in the 31st 
mfmitg with a glancing header. Ander- 
iecht went ahead, 2-0, in the 55th minute 
when the Ghanaian defender Samuel 
Johnson beat die goalkeeper, Philippe 
Vande Walle, with a low shot 
Johnson turned villain nine minutes . 
later with a stunning, diving header into 

Soccia ft i 

lan, in the footsteps of Edgar Davids, 
Michael Reiziger, Marco van Basten and 
Frank Rijkaard. . 

Van GaaJ, the Ajax manager, has not 
said where be will be next season. 

KlmverL who is recovering from knee 
surgery, did not play in the 4-0 victory 
Sunday over Vitesse Arnhem. 

Ajax organized a postgame party for 
tbe departing stars, but the players start- 
ed the festivities early with die spirited 
victory in front of a sell-out crowd of 
51,000 at Amsterdam Arena. 

"Louis, Louis, Louis,” rang out 
around the stadium after die match. 

Enigmatic to die last. Van Gaal still 
has not revealed which team he will 
coach next season. He will continue to 

Alessandro Baronti winning the three-man sprint Sunday in the Giro’s 15th stage. 

in 11 cup-final appearances for Ander- 
lecht, who last lost in 1977 when Ekeren 
was playing in rate of the nation's 
lower regional divisions. Ekeren had lost 
two previous fi nals, in 1990 and 1995. 

Tomasz Radzinski, a C an adian in- 
ternational player, and Gunther Hof- 
mans scored the decisive goals in the 
first five pi im ires of extra time after 
Ekeren. had fought back to snatch a 2-2 
draw in regulation time. 

his own net. Ekeren winger Christpphe 
Kmrt evened the score m me 85th minute 


ftmet evened the score in the 85th minute 
when he pounced on a rebound after 
Johnson had cleared it off the goal line. ! 

OERHAKY Karlsruhe claimed a place 
in next season's UEFA Cup after a 1-1 
tie with Freiburg on tbe last day of the 
Bundesliga season. The tie Saturday lif- 
ted Karlsruhe into sixth place ahead of 
1860 Munich, which lost, 3-0, at Wader 
Bremen. Michael Throat, playing his last 
game for Karlsruhe before his move to 
Bayern, gave his team tbe lead with a 
header in the 15th minute. 

Munich 1 860 must now hope that VfB 
Stuttgart, which finished in fourth place, 
beats die regional league team Enexgie 
Cottbus in foe German Cup final in two 

■ i 


* *1 * 

Bk .. • 


Mfe art 

coach Ajax in a series of friendly matches 
in South America later this month. He 

in South America later this month. He 
has been linked with Barcelona. But Bar- 

celona's recent successes may persuade 
the club to stick with Bobby Robson. 

Van Gaal took over as "technical 
director” at Ajax in September 1991. 
Since then the team has wan three league 
titles, the Dutch Cup once, the UEFA 
Cup, tbe European Super Cop, the World 
Club Cup ana the crowning glory — the 
Champions Cup — in 1995. 

Dani, a young Portuguese star, scored 
twice for Ajax. 

The two Dutch lami that will enter 
die Champions League next season 
ended the season with lackluster per- 

With all die top rankings decided, the 
Dutch champion, PSV Eindhoven, sur- 

/*.*. 4- v. 

Dani celebrating one of his goals 
for Ajax Amsterdam on Sunday. 

freeing up a UnFA Cup place for 1860. - 
would cup U Jinyifc a substitute,, 
scored with eight minutes to play Sunday 
to give China a 1-0 victory over Turk- 
menistan in Group 8 of World Cup qual- 
ifying games. The Chinese dominated 
die game and had 18 attempts on goal. 

In another Group 8 game, Tajikistan 
rolled to an easy victory agafost a strug- 
gling Vietnam in Ho Chi Mtnh City. 

In Group 5, Oleg Sharskikh scored in 
the 75th minute to earn Uzbekistan a 1-1 
draw with Indonesia in Jakarta. 

• England beat Poland, 2-0, in a 
tough, uncompromising World Cup 
q ualifie r Saturday to guarantee itself at. 
least die runner-up spot from European 
Group 2 The result means Poland cannot , 
reach tbe final* in France next year. 

Alan Shearer scored after five minutes 
after a breakaway. Shearer missed apen- 
alty at the end of die first half. Teddy 
Sheringham scored the second goal in 
the final minute. (AP. AFP. Reuters) 


I ttirrsJh # 


■ .«&* 

- -•**=, + 

: • “rata ' Vjgfc; 3g 

• . ' *:■£■' vi ■ 

' n wni > <i 

ritateM i 4* rUota- ~ " W | y#n 


'Tommy" NotaSkna 70-71-72-69-282 

Ybehtori Mtzumakl 70-7V49-70-283 

Data SKratwmo 48-73-71-70-282 

Diutsche Bank Opcn 

Norway 4, Braza2 
MaOa 2. SceBond 3 

Detroit 2 1-1-4 

FMBto OMc 1 1 B-2 

RMFeM D-Mattty 4 (Draper) Wi). 1 
P-Brlntf Amour 11 (Undrae, NSilmoa) (pg). 
X D-Kocur 1 . PmoMob-h S ancWrotiv Oat 
(MOlt-aflcMno); Fattsw. Dot (Hetawcilj 
KtatL PM Onteifmnca); Kocur, Dot 
(Werfarance) Second Parted: D-FMorov 4 
(Murphy. McCarty) & P-LeOolrB Htanbrag, 
Undrae) F i n aUlo Loa t h pm 
(W erfcrance); Fedorov, Dot RilppMg); 
Fofltw, Dot OnteriOrance); Ktalt PM 
CduigtaB) TftH Ported: D-YZwttwt 5 
(Murphy). Pen o M eB — Swtooda PM Urns- 
erieddng); Undm Ptil (reugritag) Skats an 
floab D- 8-12-10-30. P- 10-9-9— 28. Powv- 
play OppariuiMes— D- 0 of 5; P- 1 of 5. 
OerftoK D- Vemort 134 (28 shato-26 savro). 
F-. H extol 1 4-1 (30-24). 

LeeGu— — ■ U MtototfJB W os 
Deuteah Beiric Open heW *t Irie per-73 7J09 
yd Out Keden QaB pour— ta Ataeetohe, 

United States 4 Canada 0 
TAWPSlssi United State* 3 patois; Aufc 
trala 0; itaiy Qi Canada (L 

Ross McFariona Eng. 
A. Pontirand Swe. 

G. Brand Jr. Scat. 
Dofirai Ctarius M. Irt. 
Pout McGIntoy, Irt. 
R.RusmA Sari. 

M. A. Martin. 5p. 
Adam Hunter. Scot 
Sam Homtonon Scat. 
Parer M&chell. Engl 
Hamas BforiV Den. 
Robert MlenBY'AuSL 
Howani Oort, Eng. 
Dadd Carter, EngL 
K-Tomort, Jap. 

70-73^8-71— (282 

73- 48-49-73-283 

74- 72-68-70-284 

70- 75- 70- 7D— 285 

72- 73-70-71-285 
49-71-76-69— 2B5 

73- 72-66-73—386 

73- 70-71-72-384 

71- 72-69-74—286 

72- 72-66-76—286 

74- 70-70-70-1B6 

73- 49-46-74—284 
73-70-71 -73-384 




Auddand 23. Canberra's ACT 7 


Western Province 21, Briflsri Lions 38 

unmunr. m memos atoes 
Argentina 2S England 44 

Toutauea 13 Boeigato6 

Baysr LoNrtajsen Z ViL Bochura 0 
Fortuno DuesMtoarri.HantaurgerSVI 
1 840 Muidch a WertBt Braman 3 
SC Fieftiuro 1. Kartsmiar SC 1 
Hanea Rostock zsdialkol 
VfB Stuttgart 4. ArmhiaBtatetato 2 
Bar. Moandangtadbadi 1 Bayern MuntaiZ 
FC St. PaiA & MSV DvHburg 2 
Boruseto Dortmund Z FC Crdogne 1 
. RHAi. TTA l— I O N Bayern Munich 71 
poWs. Bayer Leverkusen 4ft Borusrta Dort- 
mund 63z VTB Stutfgart 41; VfL Bochten St 
Kartentaer SC 49; 1840 Munich 4R Mentor 
Bremen 48; MSV DUbtwrg 4& PC Cutogne 
4« Moanchenetadbarti 43; Sdalke4l' Kam- 
burger SV 41; Amtada BtatoWd 40; Hanaa 
Rostock 40 ; Futuna Du — ted ort 3% SC 
FraRMNp 29; FC St Paul 27. 

JuveniusZ Lazta2 
Nepal 1, Vicenza 0 
Piacenza Z Perogta 1 
Reggtonoa AtotaidoS - 
RomaaUdh— 3 
Sampdorta I, H ora ntt na 1 
Verona 1, Parma 2 

fial ersuDne ata JuveiBus 45 points; 
Parnia 63; Inter 59; Lazio 55; Urflnen 54; 
Sdinptfaria S3 Batogno 49; Vtoenza 47) 
Ftaranrina 45; Atotanto 44; MBan a Rama 
41; Nopofl 41; CagOari 37; Pkxaiza 37) Pe- 
rugia 37; vereaa 27; Reggtana 19. 

Miadast 10 Z Inter 2 
Marearda 1, Staentk 2 

WiteksZ QsQeK 1 

Croatia Z Ort)ud2 
Hafdulc z IsriD 3 

nuu. ere — iqbi Croatia 61 points; 
Hefduk SS Hr. drogovo|ac At Rijeka * 6 t 
Zagreb 45; Varteks 4Z SRrank 41; 0s6N4l; 
MMastl27 4()r Zodutanarc40rSegBda 39; 
Marsuda 38) CBaUo 33) Otto* its Istra 2Sr 

Ansi Mac. dst. Lareeon, Swe. 6-z U. 7-5. 
Btonco.Sp.det Woodnrft UJ,7-6Cfr6),6-3, 
7-6 (7-2). 


-.'■5 rrotot etetef 


to. i**-. jH 

' ^ m ■ ’V* ^ 

LevsMSoflaO Botev 1 
Neftoctitmtk 1 Slavic 1 
RakmsMl Dateudzha7 
Lakomaitv Pkwdhr 2 MlnyorO 
Etw 2 LbysM KyastendH 2 
Spartofc Vcms 2 Moriha 0 
Montano 3 CSKA 1 
Lotonollv SoBa 1 Spartak Pleven 2 
raui. s is— e. CSKA 71 polnte; 
KeflocMmlk 67) Siavta 57) Levsid Sofia 53; 
Botev 4SrMftiyor44;LakanntTY Sofia 4ZLM- 
skl KyustendD 4Z SpartN Varna 42 : Lofco- 
Birritv Plovdiv 41; Dabrudzha 39; SpartN 
Ptore n 39; EtutSS; Mertlsa 32) Montana 28; 

Caetzer OIL 5. Af. def.Martlnez (7). Sp. 6-7‘ 
(4-7), M. 6-3. 

Dragamlr, Rom. del. Arendl UX. 6-1. 6-1 . , 

Gref CD/Ger.daLSpIrtoo (131 Ram.6-7(4-7], 
6-Z 6-Z 

Htoohn)Jvri4tofJ s tBJtonfiw\u»za<M*(L 
Majofl (9),Cre. def. DarenpartTO. UX 5-7,6 

Sandwz Vkario (61 Sp. TOL Zvsreva, BeL 6 ■ 
4 6-Z 

Sates (3), U5.def. Pierce (10L Fr. 6-4. 7-5. 
rfe niondez (1 2). UJS. def. Raymond, UJ- 67 
(4-7), 6-Z 6-Z 




J. .. 



■ •- aV;. 

- ► » s K.-4M4K6 * '■■■ 

DevNiK.Bte04toCOone4o 8LSpS-7A-1,647-5. 
Norana Swe.def. Ronet(IS),S«ritz.4-66Z 
7-4 (7-3J.63. 

KaMMcov (3), Rub. dot. PtAppousste, AusIL 

Ekeren AAnderiedM 2 
0taran wan after adra Ikne alter 2-2 In 90 



Jeunasse Escti Z Union LuamPourg 0 


•toAH ZONE, mows 
Indonesia I.UzbeWstunl 
WHWun e UzMdstan 7 points; Yemen 
7s Indonesia <r Combodta 1. 

asian zone, anoupe 
Soum Korea 0. ThaftondO 
miAL STAKDDeani Sourn Korea 10 
pofmsTliaflond4;Hong KongX 
Soum Korea qualfy tor second round. 


vtemom a TotUstan 4 
Qi'nol.Ten e iantteono 
STAKwrosi CMna 12 points TnjSUston 
9 points TUrianenMan 3r Vietnam 0. 

Ptoylno later: CWnc v Dirkmenietnn. 
wd bound, anoupz 
Papua New Guinea 1. New zeokrnd 0 
T AW MHof i Papua New Guinea 3 
paints FW « New Zeatand 0. 


Poland 01 En^ond 2 

«tammmo*i Italy 16 paints Engkmd 1Z 
Paiend 4; Geortto Ct Moktove (L 

NEC tqrnegeti 2 Oroatschap 1 

WDem II Tfiburg a FC Vatandam 0 
SC Hewenveen 1. FC Grontootn 3 
AZ Aflatwar 1. FC TWante 2 
NAC Breda T, Fortune SWort 1 
Rada JC Kerkmte z PSV Eindhoven 1 
Afax Amsterdam 4 VResee Amhem 0 
Sparta MMatel.RKCMMwfik 3 
FC UtreddZ r evenowd Rariwdam 1 
HUAI. B T M W W SI PSV Ebxmovsn 77 
points Feyenaard 7» FC Twente 65) A|ax 61; 
Vheess 55; Roda JC S5> Heeremeen 90c De 
Graatahap 4Sr NAC Breda 4ft FC Groningen 
39i Fartuna Slltard 39? FC UtreddSb Sparta 
3ft FC votondan 38; Willem II TDbvrs 35, 
RKC WaaMtk 3« NEC Nfimepm 3Z AZ Aik- 

Now Erglond Z New Ytak-Nsw Jersey 1 
Kdraas ary Z Los Angelas 1 
W TAH P Wn o i Btraw c ee f re n e e; DjC 
20 painK- New England 17) CMimbue 14; 
TcMIpa Bay li NY-NJ 1Z Wastm Coater- 
eee* KansasCriylfc DcrikalZCatonxtolft 
5an Jatoft LaeAngetesZ. 



mkt mural 


ArandL UX def. Novotna (4). Cz. 3* 4* 64. 

.Reel Betts 0 Sporting Gfionl 
Raya Vadeano SVotencfa 1 

a row 1 

Morocco 4. EttrtoptoO 
rrirnwHii Morocco 5 points. Senegal 
S- Egypt! Eltikwto 1. 

Ha|duk3 8arac0 
BixtocnoR (P) 2 Zemun 1 
Protatarl AiUadaet (L)0 
Cukarfdd4 RedStarl 
Radi PorttzanO 

miAL iTStoeno* Parittan 84 points) 
tel aor 7fc VctvorSno SZ Hajduk 4* Pro- 
laer 4Z Zsmun 41; Cutartdd 41 j Mtadast CL) 
41; Rad 40; Buducnart CP) 39; Bece|3&’Baroc 

Setes TO, U.S. def.Touztot Fr. 60, 61. 
Sartatez Vloario TO. Sp. def. Van Roast Belg. 

Pierce OOl.'Fr.def. Tested. Fr.61,6X 
Fernandez 02). UX. det PerfeM it 44 7-6 

HhgWl LSwtlz. dec KoumftovaRuz61 r 6Z 
Zvoeva, BeLdef. Schultz-McCarttty (14), 
Neth. 7-4 (7-2), 6-4. 

PaukB 0«. Austria, def. Farina. It 66 61. 
RaymonA UX. def. Pa UX. 66 24 61. 


■ALTIMOH— Put OF Eric Davts on 15-day 
dtaabted list retraacltve to May 24. Trans- 
ferred OF Jerome Walton from 16 to me 40-' 
day (tabled Bst. Bought contract af OF Daw 
Dettocd tram Borta eu 
SULWAOKEE-P ut OF Mare Newftoid on 
15-day dtsabted Rst. Recalled INF Antane 
WTBtomsonftam Tucson. PCL 
new yd Me— Designated RHP Julian. 
VasRiiez far assig n ment. Optioned RHP 
KMek) Irabu to Tampa FSLand INF Homar 
Burt to Columbus, IL 
lEATius— Bought cordntaof OF Jose Cruz 
Jr. ttote Tocoma PCL 


EUMBDA-Aaivated CFDewn WMteirom 
15-doy disabled ftd. Detfitoated INFOF 
John WerinerforastegiBMid. 

Hoasimi— Put LHPTom Martin on 154ay- 

(tabled Rst. Bought cantrad of LHP Mke 
Mognarte from New Ortaaia AA. 

san or eco— P ut OF Rbben Rivera on 60- 


AJHZan A— Signed OT Joe vroHia 1-yeor 

CHEEK BAY— Signed WR-KR Oadry ismaP - 
ta 1-yeor contract. 

san ueeo-SIgned T Tony Bern to 3-year 

: .-itxt.. a- 

■■ i-rhUm*. 

- Vir 

•- - ^ • 
•• * <*>•- 

. •' J-V 



. r- Jr.'.-' 


r« *; * 4 f 

Hr. OregcMBK Z Segata 1 

Clbofla I, Zadarfcomefe2 

Ourng (2), UX. deL Stoiioiu Fr. 61. 6Z ret. 
Biwwo D6), Sp. def. Norman, Befg.6Z 6 

karda a det Ferreira 03), S. Af. walkover. 
Rtas(7ZCh.def. Boetsdv FrJ-4(66},6Z 64. 
Woodtarfle. AuteL detCosta 0 1), 5p.6i 7-6 

Rafter. Austl def. Kndtaek TO, Neth. 6Z 66 

64 6Z 

Anaheim— Signed D Mare Mora to 3-year' 
entry level controd 

coumu do— T raded the rights ta G Brent 
Jahnsan to St Louis tor Blues' third-round 
pick In 1997 entry draft and conditional mud- . 
round pick In the mo entry draft 
taOHTREAL— Fired Won Cownoysr, Stew. 
5hutt and Jacques Laperrienb assistant 

to bontd— N amed Ken Dryden president. 


To OUR READERS I 1 V Fraivcf 

It’s never been easier 
to subscribe and save 
with our new toll free service. 
Just call us today at 0 800 437 437. 

* ril \ ■ . 

''Utrf ft 

* ,,r ^hminn 


y-.L ..i 



neumu am nt raw -nwre m tw ,«nM. 7 n wwr 




PAGE 19 

I to 3 Fa\ 

. y i---i '-J. 

Kr «.-h . 


yr.'T 'Vu- '» .-<7 « ^ ■, 

l-;'* •/;. ~ 

{^juT/^k **■' ; f|* 1,. 

s:s r ^ GmuM v : 

**-3:if* fj-Tf “_-;; s -.«. _ . . .. 

J »h! r *— 1 • 

' -■ -■•■ «.>< 

■. 2T2 ! srj * • ’<» ‘ 

^ . j jS r •;■:;? 

•£aV.r7 . . f , ■ 

jjgaiSSj, ■•■■■ V. j.‘r: •:; 

^ T . r --v • V /. . ... 



'S ... ^ \ J 

■ ■ I , ' i, . r 

-riSL- * VV -^'SV V . T ' : : ' . 


• • y,?*H ■ 3ra!jl 

J Af\S ''.•J 

v -^- j • ?Sa 

E-hra^t -4** *&«*. 

i^iT v K ; '^'W’2 



f. 'i. v 

Philadelphia’s goaJtender, Ron Hextall, hitting the ice while the puck, shot by Detroit’s Kirk Maltby, hits the net. 

Tape-Measure Slam Sinks Marlins 

Rockies’ Galarraga Leaves His Mark in Florida’s Upper Deck 


%“*•! l *M- .-*• - jL.I TT . 

'-'**«*. hr i; r 

Ss^r 1 


*£*>v ^sep' 
* ■ - - 
*“ ■VHffrf ’“l 

r V -fU*"** - V*T .... 

IJiVfcSi* s^- 

r . 

JSfw'rlU; -w . 

- . -i.te- . .. } . 

««»**• ram 

.-il -.-.rtIW. ' 

»* •*■*■«►■**»**— * ;; 

- <■“?-*' • '■ • . — t-ii a 

** "• * * WI |l- •’.MW* . . 




■-M it*, ti 

•#. ■-»■=. . TP 
■V ■ l 4. 

•- «r ..IMlWr! •- i : f U- 

‘•'v -%•• *V ^i- • 
hr: t» is. : . : 

f <V KiVk*. . . •, -— • f- 

i msv 
?e 'sen'ic't*- 

300 437 13- 

The Assoc tilled Press 

Andres Galarraga hit a 
’. 529-foot grand slam in the 
Colorado Rockies' 8-4 vic- 
tory over the Florida Marlins, 
then was ejected four innings 
^ Later for charging the mound 
after being hit by a pitch. 

Galarraga's slam against 
Kevin Brown was the longest 
home run ever at the Marlins' 

• stadium in Miami, the longest 
in Rockies history and the 
longest this season’ in the ma- 
jor leagues. 

Mickey Mamie is generally 
credited with hitting the 
longest home run ever, a 565- 
foot (172-meter) chive in 
1953 off Washington’s Chuck 
Stobbs at Griffith Stadium. A 
. Yankees official used a tape 

* measure to determine the dis- 
tance. leading to the term 
•‘tape measure” home run. 

In 1926. Babe Ruth hit a 
homer at Detroit that traveled 
an estimated 600 feet. 

Galarraga's shot landed 
halfway up the upper deck, 
one section from the left-field 
foul pole. It came with two 
out on a 2-2 pitch in the fourth 
inning to give the Rockies a 7- 
0 lead. 

Galarraga charged the left- 
hander Dermis Cook after be- 
ing hit on the left elbow by a 
pitch in the eighth inning. The 
190-pound Cook made a 
sidestep, then lowered his right 
shoulder into die 235-pound 
Galarraga, and they tumbled to 
the ground. Both benches 
emptied, but Galarraga was 
the only player ejected. 

Florida’s Gary Sheffield 
took steps toward the mound 
after being hit in the seventh 
by Kevin Ritz. 

Cardinals 6, Dodgers 3 John 
Mabrv went 3-for-4 with a 
'■ two-rim homer, and Sl Louis 
took advantage of some 
shaky Los Angeles fielding. 

The Cardinals won for the 
sixth time in seven games. 
The Dodgers lost their eighth 
in a row on the road — their 
longest skid away from 
Dodger Stadium since a nine- 
game streak in June 1992. 

Ismael Valdes retired the 
first eight batters but ended up 
with his worst outing of the 
season. In 5V> innings, he 
gave up six runs. 

Cobs 7, Rods 4 Shawon 
Dunston doubled twice, 
singled and drove in rwo runs 
as Chicago won in Cincin- 

Kevin Foster (7-3j 
matched his 1996 victory 
total by winning his fourth 
straight start. 

Expos 4, Piratas 2 In Pitts- 
burgh. Rondo 11 White and 
Damn Fletcher homered in 
succesaon in the first inning, 
then singled to start a two-run 
foarth to lead Montreal past 


Dustin Herman son (2-3) 
won for the first time since 
beating Chicago in his first 
major-league start April 22, 
despite Jason Kendall’s 
homer, triple and double. 

Kendall could have be- 
com e the first Pirates player 

to hit for the cycle since Gary 
Redus on Aug. 25. 1989, but 
struck out in his final at -bat 
against Ugueth Urbina, who 
pitched the ninth for his 
eighth save. 

Hots 10, PhiBfes 3 In New 

York, Carlos Baerga went 4- 

Baseiall Roundup 

for-5 and drove in four runs as 
the New York Mets beat Phil- 

Baerga, who has 14 runs 
baned in his last -13 games, 
has raised his average from 
.161 on April 28 to .296. He 
has gone 37-for-97 (.381) in 
that span. 

Padres 12, Astro* 5 Wally 
Joyner and John Haherty 
each drove in three runs as 
San Diego won in Houston. 

The Padres, without Tony 
Gwynn, who was sitting out- 
with a hamstring injury, 
scored four runs in the first 
inning and four more in the 

ohuits 6, Braves 4 In At- 
lanta, San Francisco over- 
came seven walks in one-plus 
innings by William Van- 
Landingham and came 
through with another 
comeback victory. 

The Giants’ bullpen al- 
lowed only one run and seven 
hits after VanLandinghara’s 
disastrous outing, and San 
Francisco broke a 4-4 tie in 
the seventh on Jeff Kent’s 
run-scoring infield single. 

Because of rain delays, the 
final pitch was at 12:44 AM., 
more than 5V6 hours after the 
scheduled stark 

San Francisco has come 
from behind in 17 of its 31 
victories, a trend that contin- 
ued when they rallied from a 
4-1 deficit. 

In the American League: 

Bills Jays 1 3, Athletics 3 In 

Oakland, Roger Clemens be- 
came the first 10-game win- 
ner in the majors, and Toronto 
backed him with its biggest 
offensive output of the sea- 

Clemens remained un- 
beaten and leads the American 
League with a 1.S5 earned run 
average after allowing two 
runs in eight innings. 

Clemens is 10-0 and needed 
just II starts with the Blue 
Jays to match his 1996 victory 
total, when he went 10-13 for 
Boston. The three-time Cy 
Young winner is off to his best 
start since 1986, when began 
14-0 for the Red Sox. 

Getnens gave up eight hits, 
struck out four and walked 
three. It was just the third time 
he has permitted more than 
one run this season. 

Orioisms, Indians s In Bal- 
timore, Cal Ripken broke a 
seventh-inning tie with a re- 
cord-breaking home run as the 
Orioles rallied from a four-run 
deficit to beat Cleveland for 
their fifth straight triumph. 

In die ninth, Ripken made a 
pair of errors that helped die 
Indians load the bases. But 
Kandy Myers struck out Man 
Williams on a 3-2 pitch to end 

the game for his 17th save. 

Ripken’s homer put the 
Orioles ahead for the first 
time, 6-5. The home run by 
Ripken gave him 4.274 total 
bases with Baltimore, break- 
ing the franchise mark for 
total bases in a career. Brooks 
Robinson held the old record 
of 4.270 total bases. 

Yankees 7, Red Sox 2 Andy 

Pettitte avoided the first 
three-game losing streak of 
his career, and Paul O'Neill 
hit a pair of solo home runs as 
New York beat Boston. 

Tim Raines drove in two 
runs and Scott Pose, in his 
first start for die Yankees, ad- 
ded a two-run double off the 
first-base bag. New York won 
for just the fourth time in its 
last 14 games at Fenway 

Brewers 4, White Sox 3 In 

Milwaukee, pinch-hitter Ant- 
one Williamson doubled in 
his first major-league at-bat 
to bring in David Nilsson with 

the go-ahead run in the sev- 

Chicago’s Albert Belle ex- 
tended his career-best hitting 
streak to 26 games with a one- 
out single off Bob Wickman 
in the eighth. 

Rangers 3, Royals 1 Ivan 
Rodriguez and Rusty Greer 
hit back-to-back home runs in 
the third inning as Texas won 
at home. 

Tigors 4, Mariners 2 Bob 

Hamelin doubled to highlight 
a three-run first inning, and 
Omar Olivares made the early 
lead stand up as Detroit won 
in Seattle. 

The Mariners lost for the 
1 2th time in 16 games and fell 
to 27-27. 

Angels s, Twins 3 In Ana- 
heim. Dave Hollins homered 
twice and drove in four runs 
for Anaheim. 

Hollins hit a solo homer in 
the first and added a three-run 
shot in the third to help the 
Angels open a 4-1 lead. 

• : V.. v " -. .. TigM K Si : ■■■••••] 

. v“ v £ . • ' ra 

•• . y « V ' ’ : • v: " • ' " 

. .. .> • 


^ ^ • -Pi?. 1 1 

■ j. 

Near-Perfect Night for Mussina 

Tie Associated Pirn 

Baltimore — Mike 

Wusana came within wo 
Sg. of a perfect game as the 
JJfianrae Orioles beat the 
yfeffland Indians, 3-0. on 
fflay. M ussina had retired 
barters in a row when 
Alomar hut a single 
one out in the ninth m* 
jjjhgtonun Mussina's bid for 
** 13* perfect game in mod- 

^ffisns had not come 
• (7-lLaatxi Alomar fined a 
is i puefcto left field with one 

out in the ninth. Mussina fin- 
ished Cleveland off by strik- 
ing out the last two baiters. 

He struck out 10 and 
walked none in his second ca- 
reer one-hitter. He entered 
with a4J26 earned run average 
and the Indians had been av- 
eraging 10.5 hits a nd six runs 
in their last 10 games, but he : 
continually baffled Cleveland 
with a mixture of fastbaOs. 
sliders and curveballs. 

“I falx a fastball," Alomar 
said. “He bad everything go* 
ing. He was perfect, and he 
had a perfect night." • 

' • • - * ' 

• f. *_ : . ~ * v- • 

Ben MaifM/Tbe AHixuled Pint 

Roger Clemens of the Toronto Blue Jays on his way to 
becoming the first 10-game winner in the majors. 



From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 

e uaperffingameinmod- with a mixture of fastbafls. | -^rf- ^TERMJiOS.U. M #4 

WsiSfiK™ *<Rrts SP ai— JteraloaStetbnbmte 

Red Wings Off to Flying Start 

Flyers Fall , 4 - 2 , in Opener of Stanley Cup Finals 

By Helene Elliott 

Los Angeles rimes 

PHILADELPHIA — Just 10 years 
ago the Philadelphia Flyers’ goaltender, 
Ron Hextall. gave one "of the most vali- 
ant performances of his career, losing 
the decisive game of the Stanley Cup 
finals but affirming his worthiness as the 
Most Valuable Player in the playoffs. 

Back in the finals after a dec’adelong 
wait, Hextall was the most vulnerable 
player in the Detroit Red Wings’ 4-2 
victoiy in the series opener. 

Deserted by his teammates after their 
turnovers led to half a dozen out- 
numbered rushes for the Red Wings. 
Hextall gave up goals to Kirk Maltby 
and Joe Kocur on Detroit’s first five 
shots Saturday. 

And after the Flyers cur their deficit to 
3-2 with 2:49 left in the second period — 
on a shot by John LeClair that skipped 
between Mike Vernon's legs — Hextall 

t ave up a 60-foot (18-meter) goal by 
teve Yzerman 56 seconds into the third 
period that quieted the crowd of 

“That last goal is a play that we have 
to have." the Flyers’ coach. Terry Mur- 
ray, said. "We’ve got to have those 

Because the Flyers didn’t get those 
big stops, the Red Wings got" off to a 
good stan. They've already won one 
more game than in their previous ap- 
pearance in the finals, in 1995. when 
they had the National Hockey League's 
best regular-season record but were 
swept by the New Jersey Devils. 

They also now have history on their 
side: since the best-of-seven format was 

inaugurated in 1939. 46 of 58 teams that 
won Game 1 have won the Cup. 

“It’sO.K., I suppose." Yzerman said 
of Detroit’s victoiy. “Ii was a decent 
start but we’re just getting started. I think 
our play has definitely gotten stronger as 
the playoffs have gone on. The guys 
have gotten into it more and the whole 
team is playing well." 

Murray said: “That’s as poor as 
we’ve played in a month and a naif. We 
didn’t let our instincts flow. We made 
cross-ice passes we normally don't 
make and turned it over too much.” 

That was especially true in the first 
period. Maltby and Kris Draper cap- 
italized on a turnover by Eric Lindros in 
the neutral zone ro create Detroit’s first 
goal, at 6:38. Maltby lifted the puck over 
Hextall for the score. The Flyers tied the 
game at 7:37 when Rod Brind’Amour 
batted in the rebound of a shot by Lin- 
dros. but the Red Wings jumped on 
another mistake by the Flyers to take a 2- 
1 lead. 

Kjell Samuels son made a perfect pass 
to Kocur in the Flyers' zone to set up that 
chance, giving Kocur a free shot that 
even the ham-handed defenseman 
couldn't miss. 

“You can’t do plays like that in the 
first exhibition game.” Samuelsson 
said “You can’t do plays like that in the 
summer league." 

Maybe that’s how Kocur was able to 
anticipate it, because he was playing in a 
recreational league in the Detroit sub- 
urbs when the Red Wings signed him in 
December. His reaction when the red 
light went on. he said, was more shock 
than elation. 

Another two-on-one break, this one 

begun when Sergei Fedorov beat Lin- 
dros on a faeeoff in the Detroit 20 ne. led 
to the Red Wings’ third goal. 

Larry Murphy, acquired by the Red 
Wings shortly before the trading dead- 
line. sent the puck around the boards and 
caught up with it as players jostled for 

When the puck popped loose, he man- 
aged to chip it up to Fedorov and 
chugged up the ice beside the speedy 
center, who rifled the puck past Hextall 
at 1 1:41 of the second period. 

The Flyers tested Vernon several 
times before LeClair look a cross-ice 
pass from Mikael Renberg and flicked 
the puck between Vernon's pads at 
17:11. gaining confidence as they went 
into the locker room for (he second in- 

“We had some good things going. We 
had some momentum there.” Murray 
said. "Then we gave up a real soft 

That goal was by Yzerman. a stop- 
pable goal that wasn’t stopped. 

“I offer no excuses.” Hextall said. “I 
didn’t see it at all but it was far enough 
out that I should have stopped it. They "'re 
a dam good team. 

“It was a combination of us not play- 
ing as well as we can and them playing 
well." Hextall said. “We’ve got to play 
a lot better.” 

The Red Wings, meanwhile, re- 
mained calm. Asked if he had a sense 
that his team was on a roll after winning 
for the 11th time in 13 playoff games. 
Detroit’s coach. Scotty Bowman, shook 
his head negatively. 

“I'll get more ofasense.’’ he said, "if 
we win three more games.” 

A Disappointing Debut for Female Pitcher 

The Associated Press 

SIOLDC FALLS. South Dakota — 
History will remember this night. Da 
Borders would rather just forget it. 

Borders. 22. became the first woman 
to pitch in a regular-season game Sat- 
urday when she came in during the 
sixth inning of the St. Paul Saints’ 
Northern League game against the 
Sioux Falls Canaries. 

But she struggled from the outset, 
facing three batters and giving up three 
earned runs without getting an oul The 
Canaries went on to win. 11-1. 

"That’s going to haunt me for the 
rest of my life.” Borders said as she 
grimly signed autographs for about 30 
minutes after the game. 

Borders, a left-hander, received a 
standing ovation from the crowd of 
3,335 at Sioux Falls Stadium when she 
relieved the Saints’ starter. George 
Glinatsis. with two outs in the sixtii. 
The Canaries led 4-0 and had a runner 
at third. 

Borders hit Paul Cruz, the first batter 
she faced with a curvebaU on the first 
pitch. She then went to a 2-2 count on a 
right-hander. Michael Dumas, before 
she was called for a balk on a pitch 
Dumas grounded weakly to shortstop. 
The balk forced in the runner from third 
and gave Dumas another chance. 

He hit the full-count pitch back to 
Borders. She knocked it down, but 
threw wildly to first for an error that 

allowed Cruz to score for a 6-0 Sioux 
Falls lead. 

John Tsoukalas followed with a 
double to make it 7-0. 

“I think we were both a little 
nervous.’ ’ Tsoukalas said. "I know she 
had to be really nervous. Nobody wants 
to get out by her. so I think that's going 
to make it even tougher for her .’ r 

Tsoukalas’s hit brought St. Paul’s 
manager. Marty Scon, to the pitcher's 
mound. The fans booed Scon as he 
took the ball from Borders, but they 
cheered her as she ran to the dugout to 
finish her historic — and disappointing 
— performance. 

“I did awful, it's as plain as that.” 
she said. 

*• ^ ^ " ' •!«£•* • “ V; : 'V ' '* 


i =( =!!*•] i wmuiispaRTM 

Garros; can Martina - 

winner of the Grand ^ 

2 - 8 June, LIVE, 

The French Open 

The final week of the French 
Open looks set to bring a few 
surprise results as we buid up 
to the weekend's finals 

6 - 8 June, LIVE, 

The French Grand Prix, 

Le Castellet 

The best riders in the world 
come together again for the 
sixth round of the F1M World 

2 - 8 June, LIVE, IAAF 
Grand Prix meetings 
The cream of the world's 
athletes move on from the 
“Fastest man on Earth" in 
Toronto, to Grand Prix meetings 
in St Denis, Moscow and The 
Golden Gala fiom Rome 

7-8 June, LIVE, 

Indy car World Series, 

The 2.1 mile street course 
of The Raceway on Bell Isle 
hosts the next round of the 
Championship as the battle for 
tfie title hots up 


r ,; 





WMm ‘ 

f * ..:»«£% ■■■'*:. 2=F”&-, 

* MW ■■■ &.'• • • - W"*. -A ■ ^iS vi" . **>«■■■' 

n-Birwn «au im if* iun nm rat luawwi rou 

ICE HOCKEY Red Whigs Take the Lead in the Stanley Cup Finals pA9 BASIBALLThe Big Cat s Very Big Hit p. 

World Roundup 

Ross McFarlane swinging to 
victory Sunday in Hamburg. 

A Belated Victory 

golf Ross McFarlane. an Eng- 
lishman, captured his first career 
title Sunday , bolding off Scot Gor- 
don Brand Jr. and Anders Fors- 
brand to win by one stroke at the 
Deutsche Bank Open. 

McFarlane, a pro since 1979. 
shot a 1 -under 7 1 in gusdng winds 
in the final round to overtake 
Brand on the back nine and finish 
6-under at 282. (Reuters) 

NCAA Moves East 

The National Collegiate Ath- 
letic Association, the major na- 
tional governing body of U.S. col- 
legiate sports, will move its 
headquarters to Indianapolis when 
the lease on its current offices in 
Kansas City expires in 2000. 

Indianapolis put together a $50 
million package, which included 
$10 million in state funds andSIO 
million in noncash incentives from 
the state, to lure the NCAA. (AP) 

Admirals Sail On 

FOOTBALL The Amsterdam 
Admirals and Scottish Claymores 
stayed in contention for a place in 
the World Bowl with victories 

Sunday in the World League of 
American Football. The Admirals 
beat the London Monarchs, 13-9. 
while the Claymores beat the 
Frankfurt Galaxy. 24-7. 

Sirhan Stacy, the league's all- 
time leading rusher, scored in the 
third and fourth quarters to give 
the Claymores a 24-0 lead. 

The Scottish team is now tied 
with the Rhein Fire at 5-3 for a 
berth in the World Bowl on June 
22 against the Barcelona Dragons, 
who have home advantage after 
topping the standings in the first 
half of the season. 

Visiting Amsterdam held the 
Monarchs to no offensive yardage 
in the First half, and London's only 
touchdown came with 2:56 to 
play. After the victory Sunday, the 
Admirals have a 4-4 record. (AP) 

The Longest Triumph 

badminton Peter Rasmussen 
came back after losing the first 
game and from 13-6 down in the 
second game and \0-3 down in the 
third to win the men's singles title 
Sunday at the World Champion- 
ship in Glasgow in the longest 
final in the tournament's history. 

After two hours and four 
minutes, the Dane, seeded 15. beat 
Sun Jun of China, seeded No. 3. 
16-17, 18-13. 15-10. 

US. Makes Splash 

water polo Chm Humbert, 
who plays for a Greek club, scored 
three goals Sunday to help the 
United States beat Greece, S-5. 
and win the Water Polo World 
Cup in Athens. (AP) 



Seeds Blown Away 

In Windswept Paris 

Belgian Qualifier Breezes On 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — “Who could believe that 
I'm in the quarterfinals of Roland Gar- 
ros?'' asked someone named Blip 

On a day like this you understood 
why the Greeks insistently attributed 
results of ail kinds to the gods and their 
awkward sense of humor. It is the only 
way to explain an upcoming quarterfi- 

In die late going, when Corretja was 
desperately, impotently trying to take 
the match into a fifth set, the sun ap- 
peared overhead like a big wanning 

smile. Then just as suddenly the trees 
began to rustle loudly, the clouds picked 

nal in the French Open between Blip 
Dewulf and Magnus Norman. 

Dewulf and Magnus Norman. 

For example: Hygiea, minor goddess 
of health, last week strode down No. 1 
pete Samfans with a brief intestinal vi- 
rus. Someone named Magnus Norman 

up speed, the sun flicked on and dfflike 
a child playing with a light switch. 

Much of the time when Dewulf mis- 
hit a shot it seemed to land in play 
anyway. Perhaps the gods had nothing 
to do with it, but it happened just this 
way. In the crucial 1 1th game. Dewulf 
hit a backhand that landed magnetically 
on the baseline and was called out The 

crowd, hungry for die upset, booed the 
call. Corretja waved them quiet and 

kicked at tire dust, calling the shot good 
himself and providing Dewulf with a 

Then on Sunday. Aeolus, bit char- 
acter in Homer’s Odyssey, drops a bag 

of unfavorable wind cm No. 8 Alex 
Corretja, the kindbeaited Spaniard 
whose chances bad seemed to rise im- 
measurably because of the loss of 
Sampras. Corretja is blown all the way 
back to Spain, dewulf stays put. Havoc 
is created for everyone else hying to 
deal with the mischievous winds die re- 
after. Women's skirts are playfully lif- 
ted. players' bars are knocked off during 
points. By the end of the day the French 
crowd is out of its collective mind, 
performing a Mexican wave around 
center court near the end of No. 3 Mon- 
ica Seles* 6-4. 7-5 victory over their 
own (adopted) 10 Mary Pierce. 

The true beneficiary of the unlikely 
conditions was Dewulf. the first Belgian 
quarterf" nalist ever at the French Open, a 
qualifier ranked No. 122 in the world. 

“If I can keep my ranking in the Top 
100. that would be good," he said with 

replay of the point, which Dewulf won 
to hold serve. In the next game he broke 

Corretja to win the match. 

“If I saw the ball on the line, I cannot 
say it was out,” Corretja said. “So I 
have to be honest if it’s breakpoint or 
advantage to him." 

As a result of having qualified for die 
main draw two weeks ago, Dewulf has 
played three more tournament matches 
than any other player at this stage. He is 
only the third qualifier ever to reach the 
quarterfinals at the French Open. Of the 
six seeded Spanish men. only No. 16 

Seigi Bruguera remains; of die 18 Span- 
ish men who began play last week, be is 

disappointing matter-of-factness after his 
5-7. 6-1 . 6-4, 7-5 victory over Corretja. 

Dewulf. 25, realized that the wind 
was his to exploit It grew unpredictably , 
ronning laps of varying length and speed 
around the grounds of Roland Garros, 
inflicting doubts upon Corretja, the best 
claycouit player of this season. Dewulf 
began charging forward, punching holes 
in the weather with volleys and stiff 
forehand approaches. Corretja, mired on 
his baseline, could not respond. His own 
forehands seemed to be held up above 
the net landing unimpressively as lobs. 
His lobs came down any which place 
like kites crashing in die wind. 

“I think the wind just killed my game 
today.” Corretja said. "When I was 
trying to hit the ball. I never hit the ball 
right on the middle of the strings. If I 
cannot hit the ball hard and with topspin 
like I've been doing the last couple 
weeks. I just have to run and wait for his 
mistakes, which is difficult because it 
means I give the other opponent just the 
whole chances to win. But 1 feel like I 
cannot do anything else." 

relatively easy victory over Mark Phil- 
ippoussis. 6-2. 6-3. 7-5. Kafelnikov is 

’•Hr a t - ■ 

..f • v 

; .v 

•• S,,.*YV 

if 11 




Uowit^flXMrtufTb' VmulnJIV— L- 

Alex Corretja resting on his racket after losing the third set to Filip Dewulf in the French Open on Sunday. j 


f * 


Barcelona Slips Without Ronaldo 


ish men who began play last week, be is 
joined only by Galo Blanco. No. 1 1 1 in 
the world. 

Norman managed second-tier upset. 
He beat No. 15 Marc Rosset of Switzer- 
land, 4-6, 6-3, 7-6 (7-3), 6-3. The TV 
networks are not happy by die prospect 
of a quarterfinal between Norman and 

The only seed remaining in their upper 
half of the draw is No. 3 Yevgeni Kafel- 
nikov, the defending champion. After his 

ippoussis. 6-2. 6-3. 7-5. Kafelnikov is 
the clear favorite to reach the finaL 

On the women's side. No. 16 Barbara 
Paul us of Austria tried her best to takp. 
advantage of the weather against the No. 

I seed Martina Hingis. She was ranked 
No. 12 in the world almost seven years 
ago. before a series of wrist injuries 
eventually sidelined her from the Grand 
Slams for two years. In the second set she 
handled the conditions putting a rare 
clean sheet on Hingis. But the No. I 
responded in kind to take a 6-3. 0-6, 6-0 

No. 2 Steffi Graf struggled before 
advancing past Irina Splrlea into the 
quarterfinal, where she will be face No. 

I I Amanda Coetzer, the South African 
who thoroughly spanked Graf, 64), 6-1, 
at Berlin three weeks ago. Coetzer pre- 
pared herself with a long-winded. 2 hour 
44 minute upset of No. 7 Conchita Mar- 
tinez of Spain, 6-7 (4-7). 64. 6-3. 

Barcelona, playing without star striker 
Ronaldo, lost 3-1 at already-relegated 
Hercules on Sunday to slip five points 
hfthinri Real Madrid in the Spanish league 
with two rounds of matches to play. 

Real Madrid, meanwhile, beat Ex- 
tremadura 5-0 to halt its recent run of 
poor results. 

Nike, the sportswear company, on 
intervened publicly Sunday in the trans- 
fer saga of Ronaldo, who is under con- 
tract to wear its shoes. 

Laura Alsina. Nike-Spain’s commu- 
nications director, said Sunday: “Nike 
is going to try and see to it that Ronaldo 
does not leave Barcelona, and we are 
going to play the mediator's role be- 
tween the club and his agents." 

Alsina said four Nike directors had 
met Barcelona president Jose Luis Nun- 
ez on Saturday. 

Nunez said Nike made an offer to 

Barcelona that involved foe club's pro- 
moting Nike products. 

Ronaldo, who leads the Spanish 
league with 34 goals, has said he will not 

return next year to play for Barcelona. 
According to Nunez, Nike prefers 

that Ronaldo play with Barcelona rather 

Soccer Roundup, Page 18 

than Inter Milan, which he said Nike 
considers a “second rate” club. 

Rangers, the Scottish champion, and 
Lazio of Rome are other clubs who have 
offered sky-high bids for foe services of 
the 20-year-old superstar. 

Glasgow was reported Saturday to 
Lve made a £37 million ($59.2 million) 

have made a£37 million ($59.2 million) 
offer to sign the Brazilian. 

“Although Ronaldo commands great 
financial sums, his move is not only 
about money.” said Giovanni Branchim, 

one of Ronaldo's agents. “If it was. he 
would be going to Rangets. which was . 
foe best offer we have ever had.” ‘ 
Nunez said Nike officials planned to : 
meet with Ronaldo in France, where he 
is with foe Brazilian national team pre- 
paring for foe Toumoi de France. 

ITALY Parma clinched a place in the 
Champions’ League next season after 
beating relegated Verona 2- 1 on Sunday 
on foe last day of foe Sene A season to - 
finis h as league runners-up. Juyentus 
clinched the title 10 days ago. 

Argentine striker Heroan Crespo j 
scored the 64fo minute winner for Parma ‘ 
after Verona had taken foe lead at home* 
through Pierluigi Orlandini in foe sixth 
minute. Italy international Enrico Chiesa 
leveled foe score after 17 minutes. Inter ; 
drew 2-2 with Bologna to finish third. 

Udinese gained a UEFA Cup place 
for foe first time by beating Roma 3- 
0. (AFP. Reuters. AP) 



MIU H i fit* - 

-pit* VfJk' 

:;a inirsj 

■ A' ‘ 

Slaney Put on Suspension 
As Doping Case Drags On 

For 2-Miler, 

A Record, but 

..== a. — i- 

CnpM tnOw S*4fFnm Dispadta 

Mary Decker Slaney and two other 
U.S. athletes have been suspended from 
competition by the governing body for 
world track arid field until their barined- 
substance cases are resolved with U.S. 

Primo Nebiolo, the International Am- 
ateur Athletic Federation’s president, 
defended foe decision Sunday. 

The 1AAF, which announced its de- 
cision Saturday, said that Slaney's case 
had dragged on for nearly a year in foe 
United States with no sign of a res- 

“The IAAF has rules, and when a 
federation does not follow foe roles we 
have to do something,” Nebiolo said 
Sunday. “We were not happy we were 
obliged to take this decision, but it had 
to be taken." 

Slaney's husband, Richard, accused 
the IAAF of “acting with malice" and 

Jwr 1 \|jrorr Vrmr-h v nw 

Steffi Graf eyeing the ball in her match against Irina Splrlea on Sunday. 

said it was exceeding its powers. 

But Nebiolo said sports federations 
had to take drug allegations seriously 
and act swiftly. “Personally, I love all 
my athletes and I am very sad when one 
of them makes a mistake," Nebiolo 

Slaney has vehemently denied using ' 
banned substances. 

The IAAF had stressed Saturday that 
it was not presuming the athletes guilty 
of using banned substances but that it 
had grown impatient because the cases 
were still not settled nearly a year after 
urine tests turned up suspect at foe 1996 

Olympic trials in Atlanta. 

Also suspended Saturday were 
Sandra Farmer-Patrick, a silver medal- 
ist in the 400-meter hurdles at the 1992 
Summer Olympics, and a third athlete 
whose name was not released. 

Stephon Fleooy. a hurdler, has been 
suspended by U.S. track and field of- 
ficials because of a drag test at foe 1996 
Olympic trials. 

Giorgio Reined, a spokesman for the 
IAAF, said that the suspended athletes 
would not be allowed to compete in foe 
U.S. track and field championships, 
which begin June 11 in Indianapolis. 
That announcement underscored dis- 
crepancies between U.S. and interna- 
tional due process and seemed certain to 
set up a legal confrontation similar to 
the Butch Reynolds case. 

Reynolds, the world record holder at 
400 meters, went to foe Supreme Court 
to fight a drug suspension and ob tain foe 
right to compete at foe 1992 Olympic 

The IAAF suspends athletes after 
what it considers a positive drug test, 
ptmding a hearing. It is foe policy of 
USA Track and Field, the American 

No Jackpot 

•V;-.' IrKAtxr 

CanpOrd by Our Staff FnmDiijsirhes 

governing body, in accordance with due 
process procedures set forth by the U.S. 
Olympic Committee Constitution and 

V in-io uuu 

uie 1 978 Amateur Sports Act, to give an 
athlete a hearing before any suspension 
is imposed. 

In the case of Slaney. USA Track and 
Field has never ruled that she had a 
positive drug test. (Reuters, NYT) 

HENGELO, Netherlands. — 
Haile Gebrselassie set a world re- 
cord, running two miles in eight 
minutes and 1:08 seconds, out 
missed out on a $ 1 million prize. 

Gebrselassie, an Ethiopian, on 
Saturday took nearly two-and-a- 
half seconds off the mark of 8:03 .54 
set by Daniel Komen of Kenya last 
July. However, Gebrselassie left 
foe Fanny Blankers Koen stadium 
here without a cent for his efforts. 

“We always said it would be a 
million dollars or nothing," said 
Jos Hermans, the organizer of foe 
meet and Gebrselassie’s agent. 

A $1 million check had been 
offered if any runner in foe race, 
promoted as a head-to-head clash 
between Gebrselassie and Noured- 
dine Morceli of Algeria, broke foe 
eight-minute barrier. 

“There was no appearance 
money,” Hermans said. Neverthe- 
less, Gebrselassie was far from 
downcast at foe outcome. He sug- 
gested that gusting wind and poor 
pacemaking was responsible for his 
inability to go under eight minutes. 

Philip Mosima of Kenya was 
second in foe two-mile race in 
8: 14.45, and Mohammed Mount of 
Belgium was third in 8:14.88. Mor- 
celi dropped out at foe start of the 
final lap, clutching his left Hugh. 

( Reuters . AP) 

■ : h //;, 

in fiei 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 

AMT Access Numbers 

tT 7* 

; V*. S* 

makes calling from France and other countries really 

easy. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 

0**- ../.-ssssi 


rla«o 822-903411 

you’re calling from and you’ll get the fastest, dearest 

connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 
AT&T Calling Card. It'll help you avoid outrageous 
phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to 6o%? 


I love 0-800-99-0011 

So please check the list for AT&T Access Numbers. 

LJusi dial the aT&T Access Number 
for the country you are calling from. 

i Dial fee phone number you're calling 

3- Dial the calling cant number lined 
atow your name. 












United WnfloroA .... 

. . 8-886-180-18 
. 08-800-1311 
. 1-88B-5S8-6W 










Saudi Arabian .. 


177-1 08-272? 


Strata Africa. 

"7“ 5w 

,. . . 0 - 800-10 


in the springtime. 

jasakiny operator t* 

AT4T mrer-SaUce. orvtsfc our Teb Oeac hoyJ/w^udUaafUtnUr 

■ it * ■ ? v » . ■ 

.■J - - »•'.:» > >r,r V.r \.ta- 4.|.,v^H,rK, ^ , i:iJ:BRit*iiaT>ct«.''ur*Frf»indoiwPwac»ii»Jiicici4»ifc«^»l*u«tpniBpaom^Mnslliiinirtrl -'“W^dbtuihrl'S doits bseii«ia»*«iw • ft-™— . 1 ** 

T"V X 't ^ r ; 'r '"■ir ' ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

• ' **■*•<■« dr - ptu- V<raic 3 flC>c\.s huBanpicmailBlri awflCWUlftfa 

' c ^ ig * g * a ™ rai call Cfc \ Mn*B ail owittwa. Ir iri » MHt [*>co naaBf towi trr itinwiThr *lr 1 

,lV » VUfrr* .** W «r J ni( C ^U*«dm|aehl M ta.'nN tWPjm- «!■■> ”1