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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON 



The World’s Daily Newspap 


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Paris, Monday, March 3, 1997 


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^^bania Votes 
Emergency as 
Rioting Rages 
Out of Control 


In First Test After Deng, 
China Faces Lions of Trade 

WTO Showdown: Can Beijing Play by. the Rules? 


By David E. Sanger 
New York Times Service 


L - ™* w «*- to Chinese 

P^ n, ] le i nt w iH face the first test of its resolve 
- - opening of the country's economy 

since the death of its paramount leader. Deng 

Xiaoping, on Feb. 19. 

The moment will not come in Beijing bur on 
1 “w shores of Lake Geneva, in the giant mansion 
mat serves as the headquarters of the World 
l rade Organization. 

On T uesday. at a three-day meeting with U.S. 
and European officials that was scheduled long 
■ before Mr. Deng’s death. Chinese officials are 
expected to make their strongest case yet for their 
lonjj-desinid entry into the World Trade Or- 
San^adoa, the leading club of trading nations. 

They are supposed to describe in detail just 
how far their government is willing ro go in 
dismantling layers of protection from compe- 
tition for its state industries. They are also sup- 
posed to reveal how many billions of dollars the 
government spends propping up many of those 
enterprises, which employ nearly two-thirds of 
the urban population and are a mainstay of the 
Communist Party's control of the country. 

Technically, the trade negotiations involve 
only the conditions of China’s entry into the 
World Trade Organization. But die talks tran- 
scend questions of commerce for both China 
and the United States. They are really about the 
pace at which China will reform its economy 
and open its society. 

While China tries to manage Western pres- 


sure to change the workings of its booming 
economy, President Bill Clinton's administra- 
tion is attempting lo prove that iis policy of 
economic engagement with China can work — 
both to reverse a $39 billion deficit with China 
in the U.S. trade account that is close to over- 
taking its deficit with Japan and to gradually 
alter China's behavior in the areas of human 
rights and arms proliferation. 

But Mr. Clinton dearly cannot afford to make 
many concessions to China. A rising anti-China 
sentiment in the U.S. Congress, combined with 
the many questions about what Asian donors to 
Mr. Clinton’s re-election campaign last year 
may have sought from the White "House, will 
make these ordinarily obscure trade talks the 
subject of enormous scrutiny here. 

After years of stalemated talks with China on 
a variety of subjects, U.S. officials hope to use 
this meeting to jump-start the relationship. 
Finding a way for China to join the trade 
organization ‘'is likely to be the area where we 
have the best chance to make serious progress 
in our relations with China this year." the 
acting U.S. trade representative. Charlene 
Barshefsky. said. 

First, though. China’s leaders face vexing 
choices. They must decide whether they have 
traveled too quickly on the road to reform or noi 
nearly quickly enough to join the global econ- 
omy. They also must make their decisions as 
they jockey for position in the vacuum created 
by Mr. Deng's death, judging whether the 



See CHINA, Page 13 


Robyn Bn*M|-ra£c France -Preur 

President Jiang Zemin, (eft, and Prime Minister Li Peng of China chatting with other 
delegates Sunday before a session of the National People's Congress in Beijing. 





Chief of the Secret Police 
Named to Restore Order ; 
Cabinet Is Dismissed 


Albania has merely traded one illusion for 
another. Q& A, Page 9. 


Kohl Gets a Lift as Party Triumphs in Frankfurt Election 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Service 


BERLIN — Germany’s governing Christian 
Democrats scored a big victory Sunday in Frank- 
furt’s municipal elections, bolstering their grip 
on the country’s banking capital and encour- 
aging the party's .hopes of retaining power in 
national elections next year. 

But the opposition Social 


state of Hesse. Initial projections showed the 
SPD won 38.2 percent of the vote while the 
Christian Democrats received 33.3 percent. Both 
parties scored modest gams over the previous 
state poll four years ago. 

The state arid municipal results were eagerly 
anticipated as the principal electoral lest this year 
of the popularity of Chancellor Helmut Kohl's 
governing center-right coalition. Mr. Kohl is 
widely expected to run for a record fifth term in 


opposition Social Democrats also 
.found cause for celebration, improving- their- - next year’s..gerieral election, but he has refnsed 
position as the strongest party in the affluent so far to declare his intentions. 


The Social Democrats urged voters to cast 
their ballots against Mr. Kohl ’s Christian Demo- 
crats as a sign of their dismay over unpopular tax 
and pension reforms and the government’s fail- 
ure to halt the rise in record joblessness. Nearly 
five million Germans are now out of work, a 
level of unemployment not seen since Adolf 
Hitler came to power in 1933. 

After enjoying some of Europe's highest liv- 
ing standards, followed by the euphoria of their 
nation's unification in -1990. -the mood has-, 
soured among many of Germany’s 80 million 


citizens as they anticipate an insecure destiny of 
welfare cutbacks, the disappearance of the 
Deutsche mark in favor of an untested Euro 
currency and the further hemorrhage of jobs 
toward nations with cheaper wages. 

The strong Christian Democratic Union show- 


ing in Frankfurt was clearly Jjolstered by the 

‘ . Initir 


presence of its popular mayor, Petra Roth. Initial 
projections showed the Christian Democrats 
gaining 37.6 percent of the vote in Frankfurt, an 


See GERMANY, Page 9 


After Dolly: 
U.S. Scientists 
Clone Primate 
From Embryo 


By Rick Weiss 
and John Schwartz 

Washington Post Service 


“WASHINGTON — Scientists in 
Oregon have produced monkeys from 
cloned embryos, the first time a species 
so close! > related to humans has been 
cloned, according to researchers. 

The scientists used a technique sim- 
ilar to the one that Scottish researchers 
announced last week had enabled them 
to clone a sheep. Experts said the clon- 
ing success in Oregon added to a grow- 
ing bodv of evidence that there are no 
insurmountable biological barriers to 
creating multiple copies of a human 

^“ft demands that we take seriously 
the issue of human cloning.” said ■Ar- 
thur Caplan. a bioethicist ai the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

The two monkeys, bom in August, 
were cloned from cells taken from < em- 
bryos. not from an adult — « crucm! 
difference between them and Dolly, the 
sheep cloned by the Scottish research- 
ers The cloned primates are not ge 
SicaIN identical to any adult monkey 

m arosii Of the sheep .experiment that 

raised a host of ethical issues. 

lead researcher, Don won, a 



Match for Mandela 


Graca Machel, His ‘Companion,’ 
Has the Stature of a Liberator 


By Lynne Duke 

Washington Post Service 


Romat Gacad/Ageace France Pitw 

President Nelson Mandela and Graca Machel appearing together during the 
South African leader's current visit to the Philippines as part of an Asian tour. 


JOHANNESBURG — President Nelson Mandela is a former 
freedom fighter. So is the woman he loves. He has a law degree. 
She does, too. Mr. Mandela is a towering figure on the national 
scene, viewed by many South Africans as indispensable. Graca 
Machel holds iconic sratus of her own back home in Mozambique, 
and not only because sbe is a former first lady. 

She has fought in the trenches of guerrilla warfare and helped 
liberate her country. She served as a minister in Mozambique's 
postindependence government, when she married Mozambique's 
first president and then became his widow, but moved on from the 
tragedy to become an internationally known advocate for chil- 
dren. 

“She is a modem woman.” said a Mozambican who is a close 
friend of Mrs. Machel's family. 

* ‘She is a person of achievement in her own right,' ’ said Shirley 
Mabusela, deputy chairwoman of South Africa's Human Rights 
Commission, who has worked with Mrs. Machel on children's 
rights projects. “She’s not coming into the country to find her 
place in the sun.” 

Mrs. Machel. already well known here because of her political 


See MACHEL, Page 7 


‘Solicitor in Chief’ Gore Raked In Big Money for the Democrats 


By Bob Woodward 

Washington Post Service 




Sate Research Center in Beaverton. 


WASHINGTON — Vice President Al Gore 
played the central role in soliciting millions of 
dollars in campaign money for the Democratic 
Party during die 1996 election and has built a 
national fund-raising network that is the most 
formidable in American politics, according to re- 
cords and interviews with more than 100 organ- 
izers, donors and officials. 


In his zeal to raise money and do President Bill 
Clinton’s bidding, Mr. Gore took the unusual step of 
requesting large contributions for the Democratic 
National Commirtee, often in private phone calls, 
with an urgency and directness that several Demo- 
cratic donors said they found heavy-handed and 
inappropriate fora vice president Mr. Gore became 
known at the committee as the administration's 
“solicitor in chief’ after Mr. Clinton adamantly 
refused to make direct requests for contributions, 
according to two senior Democratic officials. 


But having perfected the 1990s version of cam- 
paign fund-raising. Mr. Gore faces a puzzle: The old 
system, subject of inquiries and public disgust, may 
taint those who have most effectively mastered iL 
His apparent advantage in 2000, when he is expected 
to run for president, may turn into a handicap. 

“Al could be the victim of his own success," a 
close associate said. 

During the 1996 campaign, ftmd-raising and gov- 
ernment action became intermingled in at least one 
instance, donors and party officials said, when Mr. 


Gore called to thank a Texas telecommunications 
executive after his company gave $100,000 to the 
national committee. That contribution was inten- 
ded, in part, as a reward to the administration for 
Commerce Department assistance — including the 
forceful intervention of then-Secretary Ronald 
Brown — to help the company win a $36 million 
contract in Mexico, according to officials. 

Committee records made available to The Wash- 


See GORE, Page 7 


can 




Lapse in Mexico Is Hidden From U.S. 


are each other because 

See CLONE, Page 9 

Newsstand Prices 


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Escape of Cartel Chief’s Brother Is Reported Only After Certification 


By Sam Dillon 

New York Times Servii t 





MEXICO CITY — A man accused of 
being the top money launderer for one 
of Mexico’s major drug trafficking car- 
tels has escaped “inexplicably” from 
police custody, Mexican officials said, 
but the authorities failed to disclose the 
incident until hours after Presidenr Bill 
Clinton decided to certify Mexico as a 
full ally in the war on drugs. 

Humberto Garcia Abrego, the brother 
of Juan Garcia Abrego, a convicted co- 
caine trafficker imprisoned, in the 
United States, slipped away from police 


officers assigned to guard him during 
questioning at government offices in 
central Mexico City sometime Wed- 
nesday or Thursday, the Mexican at- 
torney general’s office said. 

“Inexplicably, the official in charge of 
the investigation informed his superiors 
that Humberto Garcia Abrego hod gone 
from the National Institute for Com- 
bating Drugs,” before the questioning 
was completed the attorney general’s 
office said in a confused statement 

The incident is the second during the 
two-week lobbying campaign that pre- 
ceded the Friday certification decision 
in which Mexican officials withheld 


disclosure of an embarrassing devel- 
opment. even as administration officials 
were lauding them for their sincerity 
and whole-hearted cooperation. 

After the arrest Feb. 6 of the country’s 
top anti-narcotics official. General Je- 


sus Gutierrez Rebollo, on charges of 


collaborating with the top trafficker, 
Mexican officials kept his detention 
.secret for 12 days. They announced it 
only after newspapers reported that anti- 
narcotics troops had searched several of 
the general's homes. 

Humberto Garda Abrego. the young- 


See MEXICO, Page 7 


AGENDA 


‘Confession’ Roils Bombing Trial 


RAGE TWO 

Endangered Pacific islands 


EUROPE 


PageS. 


Two "Victims' Alice in Bosnia 


Turkish Rift Denied 


Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan 
of Turkey attempted Sunday to calm 
fears of a coup, denying any rift be- 
tween the political leaders of his party 
and the military, which has ordered 
the government to crack down 
Islamic militants. Page 5. 


The publication of a sensational 
story on the Oklahoma City bombing 
has sparked concern over whether one 
of the defendants, Timothy McVeigh, 
can receive a fair trial. 

The story, first published on the 
Dallas Morning News's Web page, 
then in the newspaper itself, asserts 
that Mr. McVeigh admitted his guilt 
to his defense team. Page 3. 


on 


Books Page 9. 

Crossword Page 9. 

Opinion Page 8. 

Sports Pages 16 -18. 

AMsnutiwwtCiawJaMf Page* 


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CimpJot hy iW Xiigf Firm LHspurJia 

TIRANA. Albania — The Parliament passed 
a law on Sunday establishing a state of emer- 
gency in Albania, putting the secret police chief 
in charge of restoring order. 

Of the 140 members. 118 voted for the law and 
one abstained. The rest were absent — some 
because of a Socialist Party boy con. 

Order will be maintained by a mixture of 
policemen, secret policemen and some army 
units. Albanian state television reported. 
Bashkim Gazidede. head of the secret police, 
will oversee the emergency rule, and the security 
units will be answerable to the Defense Council, 
controlled by President Sail Berisha. 


The law provides for public buildings and. the 
entrances to cities to be protected with aims. It is 
to be in effect until the "re-establishment of the 
constitutional and public order.” 

Parliament acted as armed rioters went on a 
rampage in the Adriatic town of Sarande and 
protesters in the south warned that they would 
march on Tirana unless the president dissolved 
Parliament. The rioters seized weapons after 
sacking the police headquarters, then set fire to 
buildings and looted shops and banks. 

Two people, including an 8-year-old girl, were 
shot and killed Sunday in VI ore, and more than 50 
were wounded, hospital sources said. Up to nine 
people were reported killed in a gun battle there 
between residents and policemen on Friday. 

Rioters stormed a police station and set it 
ablaze on Sunday in the southern town of 
Gjirokaster. Witnesses said 20 to 30 masked 
demonstrators sprayed the building with auto- 
matic rifle fire, driving the police out before 
entering the building. 

A police officer in Gjirokaster said he be- 
lieved the demonstrators had. seized their 
weapons in a raid on a polio: aims depot in the 
village of Pitsari. north of Gjirokaster. 

The latest ami-goverament disturbances erup- 
ted despite Mr. Berisha's dismissal on Saturday 
of Prime Minister Aleksander Meksi’s deeply 
unpopular government. 

Just before the vote, a group of foreign jour- 
nalists was attacked outside die Parliament by 
several men believed to be secret policemen. 

Johanna Robertson, a correspondent for the 
BBC, was beaten before escaping in her car. The 
men attacked camera crews for the BBC and 
WIN. One grabbed a tripod and beat a cam- 
eraman with it. 

Earlier Sunday. Mr. Meksi warned that the 
country was in greater danger than ever and said 
a new government would not stop Albania's fall 
into chaos. He said, however, that he would step 
down, in accordance with Mr. Berisha’s promise 
Saturday. 

In Tirana, leaders of the opposition Forum for 
Democracy, made up of 11 opposition parties 
called for an urgent meeting with Mr. Berisha 
facing his worst crisis since coming to power in 
1992. They called on Mr. Berisha to postpone the 
presidential election in Parliament, scheduled for 
Monday, and to set up a government of non- 
political technocrats. Mr. Berisha is considered 
certain to win the election. 

The Democratic Alliance leader. Neritan 
Ceka, called the removal of Mr. Meksi's gov- 
ernment a “cosmetic solution” and said civil 
war was a threat unless Mr. Berisha gave more 
ground. 

The collapse of risky, high-yield pyramid 
schemes in January unleashed a wave of unrest, 
mainly in the more prosperous south where 
thousands invested their savings. (A P. Reutersl 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY MARCH 3, 199 


PAGE TWO 



By Nicholas D. Kristof 

Ne h- York Times Service 


T ARAWA. Kiribati — One sunny day in January, as 
Teunaia A beta stood by and watched honor- 
struck. a high tide came rolling in from the tur- 
quoise lagoon and did not stop. 

There was no typhoon, no rain, no wind, just an eerie 
rising tide that lapped higher and higher, swallowing up Mr. 
Abeta's thatched-roof home and scores of others in this 
Pacific island nation. 

“This had never happened before,*' said Mr. A beta. 73, 
who wore only his colorful lava-lava, a skirtlike garment, as 
he sat on the raised platform of his home fingering a home- 
rolled cigarette. “It was never like this when I was a boy.” 

That tidal surge was followed by another one in Feb- 
ruary. The flooding has helped focus minds here on warn- 
ings that global warming could cause the seas to rise enough 
in the next century or so to obliterate island nations like this 
one scattered in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. 

“The only resource we have is water.” said Phillip 
Muller, foreign minister of the Marshall Islands, another 
country that could easily be drowned by rising seas. “Our 
livelihood is die sea. Now all of a sudden, it’s not a friend. 
It’s threatening our existence.” 

Officials of some 160 countries are gathering in Bonn to 
try to negotiate cutbacks in the emissions of heat-trapping 
gases linked to global warming. Although most experts 
agree that these gases may cause the seas to rise, there are 
major disagreements about the scale of the change and the 
severity of the problem. 

Gases like carbon dioxide are suspected of causing 
global warming by effectively creating a greenhouse 
around Earth. Warmer temperatures, in turn, are linked to a 
rising of the seas in two ways: by causing the water to 
expand as it warms, and by melting glaciers and icecaps. 

‘ 'It's so close to the heart here.” said G iff Johnson, editor 
of the Marshall Islands' newspaper, “because you're talk- 
ing about people’s very existence being wiped out by the 
ocean rising. It scares the hell out of people to think that 
their country might just be gone.” 

Industrialized countries like the United States are re- 
sponsible for most of the greenhouse gas emissions, and 
they are reluctant to curb industry much while the scientific 
jury is still out on the seriousness of the effects. That annoys 
the island nations, which argue that by the time the jury 
reaches its verdict they may be visible only ar low tide. 

“It’s like little ants making a home on a leaf floating on 
a pond,” said Teburoro Tito, president of Kiribati. “And 
the elephants go to drink and roughhouse in the water. The 
problem isn't the ants' behavior. It’s a problem of how to 
convince the elephants to be more gentle.” 

Many of the island countries in the Pacific, including 
Kiribati (pronounced KIH-rih-bus), are collections of coral 
formations. Usually a string of islets around a turquoise 
lagoon, they resemble nor so much nations as sandbars. 

Each island peeps just a few feet above sea level and is 
only about a hundred yards wide, sometimes less. Many 
homes offer bicoastal views, from sea to shining sea, and a 
country like Kiribati, situated between Hawaii and Aus- 


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tralia, can at low tide be three times as big as at high tide. 

hi such countries the lagoon is central to the economy 
and national identity, for children play in the water from 
infancy, many adults fish or sail for a living. The Kiribati 
men in their loincloths go out in outrigger canoes each day 
to catch tuna, and the women wade out on foe coral reef to 
dive for shellfish and net s mall er fish for dinner. 

The countries most likely to go under the sea include 
Kiribati, the Marshall Islands and Tuvalu, all in the Pacific, 
and the Maldives, in the Indian Ocean. Many other island 
countries, including Tonga, Palau, Nauru, Niue and the 
Federated States of Micronesia, may lose much of their 
territory but for now are probably not in danger of total 
submersion. 

The populations are tiny: Kiribati has 75.000 people, and 
only 10,000 live on Tuvalu. Those numbers pale beside the 
1 50 million additional refugees worldwide forecast as a result 
of climate change by 2050, according to a 1993 academic 
study published m the journal BioScience. 

Other studies suggest that a rise of three feet in ocean 
levels would force the evacuation of perhaps 70 million 
Chinese and 32 million Bangladeshis. One-fifth of 
Bangladesh would disappear. 

Yet at least countries like Bangladesh would survive, 
though perhaps in truncated form. The Pacific Islanders fret 
not wily about whether their countries will exist outside of 
history books, but also about changes they see in their 
climate today. For all the scientific uncertainty about global 








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Kiribati, a Pacific island nation, is one of many threatened by rising seas attributed to global 
i canning. Teunaia Abeta, left, a Kiribati islander, recently lost his home to a tidal surge. 


warming, they insist that the weather has been getting 
stranger in recent years and has produced some unpre- 
cedented tidal surges. 

4 ‘These aren’t storms, they’re surges,' ’ said Mr. Johnson 
of the Marshall Islands, “ft's nice weather, and all of a 
sudden water is pouring into your living room. It's very 
clear that something is happening in the Pacific, and these 
islands are feeling it.” 

By some accounts, there have also been more frequent 
storms, changing weather patterns and other unexpected 
events, like a tidal wave that recently washed over die island 
of Kili in the Marshall Islands. Nobody has any evidence 
that global warming is the culprit, but there is a tendency 
now for people to point to any odd weather and blame the 
greenhouse effect 


P ERHAPS the most comprehensive study was issued 
last year by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate 
Change, an international group of experts. It sug- 
gested that seas may rise IS inches by 2100. But it 
emphasized the enormous uncertainties and suggested that 
the real figure could be much lower or higher. 

Even a rise of two or three feet would devastate Pacific 
Island countries like Kiribati. President Tito says such a rise 
would leave the country uninhabitable. 

Some people fold the notion that their country might 
disappear so overwhelming, and so frustrating because 
there is so little they can do about it, that they choose not to 
worry too much. 

“What can we do?” asked Johnny Johnson, a middle- 
aged Marshall Islander. ‘ 4 Nothing but sit around and see our 
people washed away by the water.”. 

Roote Claude, whose home was flooded recently in 
Kiribati, simply laughed — a bit nervously — when asked 
if her country would sink below the waves. 

"God will protect Kiribati,” she said, in a tone that 


seemed to reflect more hope than faith. Technical solutions 
like sea walls are available to protect low-lying lands. In 
Japan, some 2 milli on people live below the high-water 
mark. 

But the solutions are unaffordable for most low-lying 
island countries. In Majuro, the capital of the Marshall 
Islands, where foe islets are in some places only as wide as 
the two-lane road that traverses each of them, a single wave 
often sprays foe country from coast to coast. One study 
found that protecting the capital alone would cost up to 
three times foe total national economic output 

To be sure, some- studies also point to some benefits from 
global wanning. Mid- and high-latitude countries might 
enjoy not only wanner weather but also longer growing 
seasons. 

This is small consolation to foe Pacific Islands, which last 
year began a climate monitoring project to gather evidence 
of rising seas and changing weather. So far. 39 countries 
have formed the Alliance of Small Island States to press for 
an obligatory 20 percent reduction in greenhouse gas 
emissions from 1990 levels by 2005. 

The United States endorses the idea of legally binding 
cutbacks, to be adopted late this year in an international 
conference in Japan, but only by 2010 and with various 
conditions. In the meantime, America's industrial carbon 
dioxide emissions are growing by 8 percent a year, en- 
vironmental groups report. 

Developing countries are also a growing source of green- 
house gases. A corollary of China's economic boom is that 
it is projected to overtake the United States as foe leading 
source of such gases early in the next century. 

And in the Pacific, people are beginning to look at the sea 
in a new way. with suspicion. 

“People here think of the ocean as their source of live- 
lihood, as their friend,” said Ross Tembea, a Kiribati radio 
reporter, “It's bard to think that it would destroy us.” 


‘Lost 5 in Space, Astronaut Battled Depression 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


The Associated Press 

CAPE CANAVERAL, Honda — He 
was never more than 250 miles from the 
home planet But he might as well have 
been 10 million light years away. 

That is how isolated a NASA as- 
tronaut John Blaha, said he felt after the 
space shuttle Atlantis dropped him off at 
Russia's orbiting Mir station last fall for 
a four-month stay. 

No longer was Mr. Blaha excited 
about being in space, as he bad been 
each time before. He had become — 
shudder — blas£, and depression set in. 

“It was like a job on Earth: You go to 
work, but you're not really excited to be 
there.” Mr. Blaha said in a recent in- 
terview, one month after returning to 
Earth. 

He said he believed that' Atlantis’s 
departure from Mir touched off his de- 
pression. “I think the biggest thing was 
the vehicle that I was going to go home 
in was not attached to foe Mir. and that I 
could have been 10 million light years 
away from Earth,” he said. 4 4 In other 
words, I felt we were thar separated.” 

Unusually candid for an astronaut, 
especially for a former combat and test 
pilot, die 54-year-old retired air force 
colonel spoke openly and readily about 
his struggle with depression during his 
first month on Mir. 

Mr. Blaha is. after all. the only as- 
tronaut to allow himself to be carried off 
on a stretcher after a long spaceflight. 



Tbr Anxxacd Fta> 


John Blaba, right, a UJS. astronaut, aboard the Mir station last Decem- 
ber with the cosmonauts Alexander Kaleri, left, and Valeri Korzun. 


Not only did he feel like a magnet pulled 
down by Earth's gravity when Atlantis 
landed at Kennedy Space Center on Jan. 
22, he wanted researchers to collect as 
much medical data as possible. Walking 
off the shuttle would have spoiled the 
effects of 128 days of weightlessness. 

“I guess I’ve always thought that 
what we’re trying to accomplish was 
more important than anything macho.” 
Mr. Blaha said. 


NASA's goal is to leant how the body 
reacts to months of weightlessness and 
how the mind copes with months of 
seclusion. Mir is NASA's test bed for 
the future international space station 
and, possibly one day, for human ex- 
peditions to Mars. 

One problem the Russians are still 
struggling with regarding potential 
Mars missions — they're the experts at 
long-duration spaceflight — is the psy- 


chological trauma that will most likely 
result when Earth disappears from foe 
crew's view. 

‘ ‘Let me tell you, you feel much more 
comfortable when you watch the Earth 
through the window," said General 
Yuri Glazkov, deputy director of the 
cosmonaut training center outside Mos- 
cow and a former cosmonaut. 

“When you looked at foe Earth from 
foe moon, it was very small but still it 
was there." Mr. Glazkov said. "But 
when we fly to Mars, they won’t be able 
to see this planet ar alL It’s going to 
disappear, you’ll just see stars, and this is 
a tremendous psychological burden." 

Having Earth in constant sight was 
little consolation to Mr. Blaha, once 
depression struck. He said he began 
feeling depressed a week or two after 
Atlantis pulled away from Mir last 
September. 

With each passing day, Mr. Blaha said 
he found himselfbecoming obsessed with 
foe world he bad left behind: his wife of 
30 years, Brenda, back home in Houston, 
their three children and one grandchild. 

He said he realized that he was 
“clinging to Earth” and that he had to 
“psychologically cut the cords, if you 
will, with all those things that were on 
the planet that 1 couldn't have." 

* ‘ I talked myself into that change.' ’ he 
said. “Once I did, then I really enjoyed 
the Mir space station. I was happy to get 
up in the morning and go to work.’ ’ 


Bullfighters on Strike 

MADRID (AP) — The Spanish bull- 
fight season began Sunday at an empty 
and silent bullring encircled by furious 
fans, as matadors and breeders began an 
unprecedented strike. 

Jose Ortega Cano was to be foe high- 
light of Sunday's opening fight at the 
weeklong Magdalena Festival in the 
Mediterranean city of Castellon. 

Instead, Mr. Ortega and other mata- 
dors followed a strike called by the 
Federation of Bullfighting Profession- 
als, which represents a majority of 
breeders, matadors and their agents. 

The strikers are protesting regula- 
tions to detect cheating by breeders, 
many of whom illegally shave down 
bulls’ horns to make them less dan- 
gerous in foe ring. 

The strike cotild cause fights to be 
canceled at the next important fair. Las 
Fallas in Valencia, which begins Friday. 

U.S. Tax on Air Tickets 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton signed a bill reim- 
posing the 10 percent airline-ticket tax 
until Sept. 30. the White House said 
Saturday. 

A spokesman said Mr. Clinton signed 
the bill Friday night after it passed both 
houses of Congress during the week. 
His action was expected. The tax be- 
comes effective in six days. 


The ticket tax expired Dec. 31,1 996. 
Revenues from the tax go to foe airport 
and airways trust fund, which is used to 
pay for improvements at airports and in 
the air-tramc -control system. 

A one-day strike by custodians shut 
down the Colosseum, the Raman Forum 
and some other major monuments in 
Rome on Sunday. Travelers also had to 
deal with a 24-hour action against the 
state railroad that began late Saturday 
night. That strike, however, was not 
widely followed and did not disturb 
major train lines. (AP) 

Heavy fog shrouding Cairo Inter- 
national Airport on Sunday forced av i- • 
ation officials to divert nine incoming 
international and domestic flights to 
other airports. (AP) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will 
be dosed or services curtailed in foe 
following countries and their depend- ■ 
encies this week because of national and 
religious holidays: 

MONDAV : Bulgaria, Georgia, Malav. i. Me*- ’ 
rocco 

THURSDAY: Ghana. 

FRIDAY: Nepal. 

SATURDAY: Angola. Azerbaijan. Belanii. 
Burkina Faso. Cuba. Guinea-Bissau, lUeaUhun. 
Kyrgyzstan. Moldova. Nepal, Russia, Syria. Turfc- 
meni-vtan. Uganda. Ukraine. 

Sources: JJP. Morgan. Reuters. Bloomberg 



Iran Scrambles to Help Survivors of Quake 


WEATHER 


Reuters 

TEHRAN — Relief teams 
battling freezing tempera- 
tures set up temporary shel- 
ters Sunday for more than 
35.000 people left homeless 
by an earthquake that killed 
554 people in Iran's moun- 
tainous northwest 

The quake, measuring 5.5 
on the Richter scaie. hit foe 
city of Ardabil and foe town of 
Meshkinshahr at 4:27 P.M. on 


DEATH NOTICE 

Jean- Yves and Nathalie Abruzzini. 
her son and daughter-in-law. 
Pierre and Boise, 
her grandchildren, 
regret to announce die death of 
Madame Colette ROOT 

the 2"5th of February. 1997. 
Funeral services were held for 
the immcdiair family on the 
2fhh of February in 
la Roche Chalais^Donfogpc) 


Friday, causing heavy damage 
to 1 10 neighboring villages. 

The official Iranian press 
agency, IRNA, quoted 
Deputy Interior Minister Ra- 
soul Zargar. who heads foe 
relief operation, as saying the 
death toll climbed to 554 on 
Sunday morning. 

Earlier, the news agency 
said 4.000 relief workers were 
setting up temporary settle- 
ments to help die victims. 


On Saturday, rescue teams 
completed searches that bad 
been hampered by cold 
weather to assist victims of 
the tremor, which injured 
2.000 people. IRNA added. 

Mr. Zargar said Saturday 
that 719 of the injured had 
been admitted to hospitals. 

Snowfalls Sunday slowed 
relief efforts, an Iranian Red 
Crescent official said. 

About 200 aftershocks — 


l DINING 


M | The World’s Top Tables 

■sy 

Patricia Wells If you missed it in the 1HT, look for it 
Food Critic on our site on the World Wide Web: 


http://www.iht.com 


foe strongest measuring 4.4 
on the Richter scale — had 
rocked Ardabil by Sunday 
morning, IRNA reported. 

President Hashemi Rafsan- 
jani called on the authorities to 
bring speedy relief to stricken 
areas and urged people to send 
aid. Relief workers set up 
6.000 tents to shelter thou- 
sands of families. IRNA said. 

The local authorities have 
announced three days of 
mounting in the province of 
I Ardabil. a province inhabited 
mainly by foe Azeri minority. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, MARCH 3. 1997 


THE AMERICAS 



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McVeigh Confession 5 
Clouds Bombing Trial 

Paper s Report , Trumpeted on Internet, 
Contends Suspect Wanted 6 Body Count 9 


By Tom Kenworthy 

Wjj hingwn P&H S emcc 

— The publication of a 
■ ^ ls f? 0nai on the Oklahoma City 
tombm g case could have profound im- 
plications for the upcoming trial of a 
defendant, Timothy McVeigh, and for a 
journalistic fraternity that is arapplinE 
uneasily with the question of hSw to 
marry traditional newspaper publishing 
with the Internet. & 

For Mr. McVeigh, who is io go on 
trial here March 31, the obvious ques- 
tion with the unknown answer is wheth- 
er he can still receive a fair trial given 
■ ' v, °e spread dissemination of a story 
in the Dallas Morning News asserting 
that he had admitted his guilt to un- 
named members of his defense team. 

For the journalism profession, the 
question is whether the newspaper's de- 
cision to publish the storv first on its 
Web page last Friday afternoon, in ad- 
vance of' the publication of Saturday's 
print edition, crossed a threshold in how 
newspapers deliver their product to 
readers. 

As full of outrage as he was at the 
Morning News story, Mr. McVeigh’s 
attorney, Stephen Jones, said he was 
confident that the U.S. district court 
judge. Richard Matsch, was “going to 
see we get a fair jury.'* 

But other members of Colorado's le- 
gal community who have been watching 
the run-up to the trial are considerably 
less sanguine about the impact of the 
story, in which Mr. McVeigh was said 
not only to have admitted his guilt to his 
defense team but also to have chosen to 
detonate the huge bomb during daylight 
hours to ensure a high “body count.** 
“This is one of the saddest moments 
in journalism, and now it will be one of 
the saddest moments in law." said Larry 
Pozner, a Denver criminal attorney and 
vice president of the National Asso- 
ciation of Criminal Defense Lawyers. 
“It has destroyed any chance of a fair 
trial. It is unrealistic to expect people to 
forget what they’ve beard.’ ' 

The newspaper said its article was 
based on summaries it had “examined” 
of several interviews conducted with 
Mr. McVeigh by an unnamed member 
of his defense team in 1995- 
According to the notes quoted by the 
Morning News. Mr. McVeigh respond- 
ed in chilling fashion when told anti- 
government activists would have 
viewed him as a hero if he had bombed 
the building' at night, when ir would ' 
lave caused far fewer casualties and 


presumably not killed any children. 
“Mr. McVeigh looked directly into 
■ my eyes and told me, ‘Thar would not 
i have gotten the point across to the gov- 
ernment. We needed a body count to 
make our point.’ ’’ the defense team 
member was said to have written in the 
interview notes. 

Although Mr. McVeigh has granted 
several interviews since his arrest, he 
has never publicly denied responsibility 
for the bombing, and the Morning News 
- report is similar to a May 1995 account 
in the New York Times, which said he 
had claimed responsibility based on 
“two people who have talked with him 
in jail since his arrest.’’ 

Although there have been a number 
of other leaks concerning evidence that 
will be used against Mr. McVeigh and 
his co-defendant, Terry Nichols, Mr. 
Pozner said that evidence would be in- 
troduced at trial and weighed for its 
credibility by a jury after hearing ar- 
guments from both the prosecution and 
defense. “It's an entirely different thing 
to say that McVeigh has confessed to 
the entire crime,' * he said. “That will 
never come into evidence.’* 

But Albert Alschuler, a professor of 
criminal law at the University of Chica- 
go Law School, said the possibility of 
impaneling a fair-minded jury would 
depend on how the story was presented 
and if there remained a serious question 
of whether the story was, as Mr. Jones 
insisted, a hoax. 

“This is a classic sort of situation,'* 
Mr. Alschuler said, “if everybody in 
America knows that McVeigh has given 
a confession that is inadmissible, bow 
on earth can you impanel a fair jury? On 
the other hand, how on earth could you 
let that man go after killing that many 
people?" 

Students of the media were more cer- 
tain in their estimations of the impact of 
the Morning News decision to publish 
the bombing story on its Web sue. The 
event, they said, represented a crossing 
of a journalistic Rubicon for print media 
and their electronic offspring. 

"It’s a landmark, it really is,** said 
Jon Katz, who covers the media for 
Wired magazine. “It’s journalism his- 
tory. It’s one of the first times, if not the 
first rime, that a major, traditional news 
organization has chosen to break a story 
like this on its Web site.’’ 

Mr. Katz said the electronic pub- 
lication of the story was an encouraging 
sign that newspapers were learning how 
to fuse their traditional and electronic 
formats to the benefit of both. 



Krr/jjrui. Kruu'Tbr l,««urd IV-.. 

Residents wandering through a tornado-damaged neighborhood in Little Rock. 


Tornadoes Kill 
23 in Arkansas 


fMpW h Our SuffFnm DufxacAei 

LITTLE ROCK, Arkansas — Tornadoes arid thunder- 
storms swept across Arkansas, flattening buildings, sweeps 
ing away mobile homes and flooding whole subdivisions. 
At least 23 people were killed and 200 injured. 

Four people died in Arkadelphia, 50 miles (80 kilometers) 
southwest of Little Rock, which was one of areas hardest hit 
by the storms Saturday. Hundreds of homes in the Little 
Rock area were damaged. The tornadoes were accompanied 
by extremely heavy rains and marble-sized haiL 

An adviser to President Bill Clinton said Sunday that it 
was likely the government would declare a disaster area in 
southwestern Arkansas. 

“It’s a major disaster Thai’s the simplest way to put it," 
said Ray Briggler of the Arkansas Office of Emergency 
Services. 

Elsewhere, seven deaths were reported because of storms 
in Mississippi. Kentucky. Tennessee and Ohio. Four people 
were missing in flood waters in Ohio. f AP. Reuters) 


CIA Drops 1,000 Informants, Many Linked to Crimes 


By R. Jeffrey Smith 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — During the past 
two years, the CIA has quietly dropped 
more than a thousand secret informants 
from its worldwide payroll because the 
agency's managers concluded they 
were largely unproductive or might 
have been involved in serious criminal 
activity or human rights abuses in their 
coun tries, according to U.S. officials. 

About 90 percent of those dismissed in 
the “agent scrub.” as it is known within 
the agency, were simply judged to be 
poor sources of the type of information 
the CIA considers important in the posr- 
Cold War era. the officials said. 

But the group also included more 
than a hundred informants who the 
agency's officers concluded were im- 
plicated in major crimes, such as 
killings, assassinations, kidnappings or 
Terrorist acts, and who also were judged 
to have provided inadequate intelli- 
gence to remain on the payroll. 

A disproportionately high number of 
informants dropped for such abuses were 
employed in Latin America during the 
1980s and early 1990s, but some were 
employ ed-Ln the Middle East and Asia. 

The total number discharged ap- 
proached one-third of the informants em- 
ployed at the time of the scrub, officials 
said. Although human rights abuses by 
some informants in Guatemala became 
well known in 1995. the magnitude of die 
cuts suggests the agency’s clandestine 
service had a broader problem with in- 
formants than the CIA has publicly ac- 
knowledged. according to several of- 
ficials who agreed to discuss rite review 
on condition they not be identified. The 


2 Spies for Russia Agree to Plead Guilty 


By Charles W. Hall 

Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Earl 
Edwin Pitts, the former FBI 
counterintelligence agent 
accused of spying for Mos- 
cow., has pleaded guilty in 
federal court, and Harold 
James Nicholson, a former 
CIA case officer, ha* agreed 
to plead guilty to espionage 
charges Monday, according 
to federal officials. 

Mr. Pitts’s decision to 
plead guilty Friday and Mr. 
Nicholson's plan to do the 
same spare the government 
the need for public trials and 


may earn reduced sentences 
for both men. They also un- 
expectedly wrap up the 
country’s two most serious 
espionage cases since Aid- 
rich Ames of the CIA was 
caught spying for Russia in 
1994. 

Barely a half-hour before 
Mr. Pitts's hearing was 
scheduled to start. Mr. Nich- 
olson signed an agreement 
saying he would plead guilty 
to selling secrets to the Rus- 
sians from 1994 until his ar- 
rest in November, a U.S. at- 
torney. Helen Fahey, said. 
Both Ms. Fahey and Mr. 
Nicholson's attorney. Jona- 


than Shapiro, declined to 
discuss the substance of the 
agreement, saying the case 
remains under a gag order. 

Mr. Pitts's plea and Mr. 
Nicholson’s agreement are 
tremendous breaks for U.S. 
intelligence officials, who 
still do not know exactly 
what the two men may have 
given away. As pan of the 
agreement. Mr. Pitts, 43, 
pledged to tell federal of- 
ficials exactly what he 
turned over to Moscow 
when he was spying actively 
for it from 1987 to 1992. 

Mr. Pitts agreed to plead 
guilty without a promise of a 


reduced sentence, which law 
enforcement sources said re- 
flected the strength of the 
case the FBI built against 
him during a 16-month sting 
in which agents posed as 
Russian spy handlers. 

Federal prosecutors and 
FBI officials hailed the plea 
bargains, saying they bring a 
swift end to spy cases that 
shook the morale of the FBI 
and CIA and would enable 
the nation's spy-catchers to 
begin to assess and dear the 
wreckage. 

Mr. Pitts and Mr. Nich- 
olson face maximum sen- 
tences of life in prison. 


CIA declined to discuss the review. 

The dismissals resulted from a year- 
long review of informants that began in 
1995 and was die most exhaustive ever 
conducted by headquarters personnel. It 
was the first time top managers had for- 
mally weighed the pros and cons of em- 
ploying those involved in serious human 
rights abuses or criminal activity and the 
first time they had so extensively second- 
guessed recruiting decisions taken by 
field officers and division leaders. 

The review discovered that “a lot of 
people recruited as informants had not 
performed," one official said. 

The review constitutes a major legacy 


of John Deutch, who left as director of 
central intelligence in December after 
20 months at the agency’s helm. 

Under a policy Mr. Deutch established 
early last year. CIA officers for the fust 
time must submit annual reports assess- 
ing the quality of their informants and 
generally are prohibited from recruiting 
sources implicated in human rights ab- 
uses or criminal behavior. Senior man- 
agers can approve recruiting such per- 
sons for national security reasons. 

The restrictions have provoked wide- 
spread controversy among field of- 
ficers. some of whom have- privately 
complained to Republican lawmakers 


and aides on Capitol Hill that they have 
been discouraged from recruiting dis- 
reputable foreigners who could none- 
theless provide data of importance. 

“Mother Theresa is not a helpful 
person if you want to find out about the 
Indian nuclear program.’’ one intelli- 
gence source said. 

But other officers say the dismissals 
have freed field officers to concentrate on 
recruiting better sources of information 
regarding such current CIA top priorities 
as nuclear and other weapons prolifer- 
ation, terrorism and international crime. 

“We shifted from number to qual- 
ity,” Mr. Deutch said last year. 



POLITICAL NO TES 



A Yawn of a House 

WASHINGTON — In the cradle of 
the Republican revolution, baby is 
having a nap. 

Perhaps two dozen of the 435 mem- 
bers of the House of Representatives 
bothered to attend a speech Thursday 
by the president of Chile before a joint 
session of Congress. As Represen- 
tative Mark Edward Souder, Repub- 
■ Bean of Indiana, explained, there were 
no more votes that week, “and when 
there are no votes, we're gone." 

Two years ago. Newt Gingrich’s 
Republican revolution came out of the 
blocks at a sprinL The first Republican 
House in 40 years was determined to 
pass enough legislation within 1 00 
days to approve the speaker's 10-item 
“Contract With America." 

There were votes on a constitu- 
tional amendment to balance the fed- 
eral budget, the line-item veto, term 
limits, ton reform, welfare reform, 
regulatory reform and even self-re- 
form — applying national workplace 
laws to Congress for the first time. 

“That was a 100-day Bataan Death 
March." said Scott Klug, RepuM^ 
of Wisconsin. “Bui this is like a 10U- 
day Club Med. Frankly, we’re getting 

a little antsy." . . . . 

Not to worry, the majority leader. 
Richard Armey, wrote to his colleagues 


Away From Politics 


last week. Although “many of you 
appear disappointed’ ’ that the year has 
not begun with a “legislative whirl- 
wind,’* be said, things will perk up. 

But the Texan then slipped up in an 
unfortunate misprint: ’-This is going 
to be a very exiling Congress.” (WP 1 

Drug Whr’sNew Tone 

WASHINGTON — In promoting 
its new drug control strategy , the Clin- 
ton administration is altering the rhet- 
oric surrounding die drug issue in a 
possible prelude to significant 
changes in policy. 

The “war on drags" is an expres- 
sion rarely beard anymore. 

Instead of talking about locking up 
crack dealers or busting drug cartels. 
President Bill Clinton emphasized 
goals like “giving our children the 
straight facts” when he presented the 
drag strategy last week. |WP) 

Quote /Unquote 

Franett McCulloch, assistant to Ro- 
land Mesnier, the White House pastry 
chef, on- preparing for the coffees at the 
center of fund-raising inquiries: ‘ ’It's a 
pain in the neck to do Danish for 18 
people. If I'm going to go to the trouble 
of muting and folding and rolling, I'd 
rather do it for 500 people. ’ ’ (NYT) 


•The remains of five peo^ 
in a mud-filled van pulled from 
the bottom of a canal in Boca 
Raton, Florida, may be those 
of five teenagers who disap- 
peared ] 7 yearsago.ashenfi s 

official said. The van was 

pulled from 20 feet of water on 

Feb. 22. and a man who read I 
about it told the police he be- j 
lieved the remains were those 
of his 15-vear-old relative and 
four other teenagers missing 
since July 1979. 

• A man who coached and 
coerced his two children to set 
fire to their mother’s home ui 
El Paso. Texas, was sen- 
tenced to 40 years m pnso" 
for three attempted murders. 

Richard Taylor. 36 was lod- 

victed after hi* 

son and 1 2-year-old daughter 

testified he showed themhow 

to set fire to his former wnfes 

house on May 

• A gun sc» re /nrewj 

evacuation of aboU <-000 
travelers at the 

said! The evacuation was 


ordered after airport security 
reported what looked like a 
handgun in a backpack. Of- 
ficials later determined that it 

was, in fact, a toy. (Reuters) 


To our 


Cigars (and Castro) Lure Americans to Havana Gala 


Reuters 

HAVANA — Amid fine wines and 
swirls of luxuriant smoke. President Fi- 
del Castro joined more than 700 cigar 
aficionados at a gala (tinner to celebrate 
the 30th anniversary of Cuba’s most 
prestigious brand, the Cohiba. 

The guests, including about 130 U.S. 
citizens, paid $500 a head for a black-tie 
dinner Friday of turkey consommS, lob- 
ster and cigars at Havana's Tropicana 
nightclub. 

Successful bidders paid a total of 
$232,000 for six cabinets of between 25 
and 75 Cohibas, and a humidor signed 
by Mr. Castro. The proceeds went to 
Cuba’s health service. 

Mr. Castro, a former cigar smoker 
who ordered the making of the Cohiba 
for his personal use three decades ago, 
appeared to a burst of camera flashes 
and sat at a front table at the open-air 
club where cabaret shows were famous 
before the 1959 revolution. 

Mr. Castro, wearing his trademark 
olive green uniform, took the stage on i 
several occasions, putting his more usu- 
al anti-capitalist rhetoric aside in a 
speech extolling Cuban cigars, and par- 
ticularly Cohibas. 

Mr. Castro, 70, said he gave up cigars 
a few years ago after almost 50 years of 
smoking them because, at the time, au- 
thorities were running an anti-smoking 
campaign and he felt he had to set an 


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example, “But don't think I stopped 
dreaming of cigars," he said to ap- 
plause. 

Mr. Castro threw in some digs at the 
U.S. economic embargo on the island, 
which includes travel restrictions on 
American citizens. 

“Clinton also likes cigars, but Hillaiy 
won’t let him smoke," Mr. Castro said 
to laughter. 

During the auction, a cabinet con- 


taining 90 Cohiba cigars with a painting 
by the Ecuadorian artist Os waldo Guay- 
asamin. also autographed by Mr. Castro 
and by the artist, fetched $130,000. 

Guests included foreign cigar import- 
ers, keen smokers, business people and 
specialist journalists. 

Absent were such Hollywood stars as 
Jack Nicholson and Arnold Schwar- 
zenegger, who were originally billed by 
some foreign media as due to attend. 


Peter Weller, star of Robocop films, did 
attend. 

John Kavulich, an American who 
heads a New York- based information 
center called the U.S .-Cuba Trade and 
Economic Council, said that 137 U.S. 
citizens attended the dinner. He said the 
majority of them had come legally. 

Cigars are currently Cuba's fifth- 
largest export, earning it more than $ 1 00 
million a year. 


For investment information 

Read THE MONEY REPORT 

every Saturday in the IHT. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


Personate 


Congrettiationi to 
Monica and Ffcmn O'Brien 
on Die Urfh of the* son. 


on Feb nary iffl. 
Althe very tea Andrew 


Announcements 


Attention visitors 
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An introduction to Japanese business, 
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The European Commission created the Executive Training 
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110,000 ECU subsidy 

For the first participant bom any company the Commission 
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amounting to some 110,000 ECU 

Who is eligible? 

Candidates must be European Union nationals employed by any 
EU company regardless of steo, which exports, or has dear plans 
to export goods or services to Japan. Probably aged 25-37 and 
educated to degree level, they must have at least two years' work 
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If your company meets these criteria and may wish to sponsor 
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PA Consulting Group, Sophialaan la. NL - 2514 JP 's-Gravenhege. 
Tel. 070-3 60 09 30 Fax: 070-3 63 39 68. 

E-mail: rrambclamber1s@pa-consd1lng.com Eligible employees 
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name and adrtess. In either case, please quote Ref: ETP/IKT 
For further detaUs visit htipJ/www.eip-org 

Executive Training in Japan 

The European Commission 


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Executive Positions Available 


Pait-Tane Poston. 

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fed* schedule and excetoK pay. 
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fa AprL 

TeL- ++49 (0)69-7144107-4) 


KOREA.TAIWAN, PACRW 

InlemaliDMl heatth/personal care 
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GOVERNESS wanted 
prefer IrtshfUK, warm & caring mature 
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McLeod. PO. Box 50631 DUBAI. UA£ 


FINANCIAL TRANSLATOR required (or 
French Broker. Native Engfisti speaker, 
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team n central Paris htercw, niBngness 
to learn, computer titeracy imponanL 
Part-time may be considered. Reply m: 
Box 240JWT F-92521 Neuffly Cedet 


RECRWTKNT CONSULTANT lor waff- 
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years sucessM track record. Competitive 
saiaiyAarensston George Knapp, Mub- 
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ADMINISTRATIVE/SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


Secretaires de direction 
bilingues 

Paris VIII* 




Lu, Panzani/ 
Danone, Evian, 
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le groupe DANONE 
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84 Mds de F de CA, 
82 000 personnes, 
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Plusieurs posies de secretaires parfaiiemem bilingues 
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ri* Merci d'adresser voire candidature sous reference 
FMHT i notre conseil Catherine Colo. Logic Svstems. 
BP 4S.9416’ Saint-Mande. 


IF YOITVE NEVER TAUGHT BEFOBE, 

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marketing executives, 


I now happily teaching English communierttiun skills to 
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Training provided on intellectually challenging 
method and material. Paris-based. Part-time. 
French working papers required. 

Send C.V. to 

Box D-476, IJJ.T. 92521 Neuillv Cedex - France 


r 


DANONE 


I It Gi: XT 


Pmfessioiul Trade Fair Organiser seeks for its InienudonaJ Director 




(if perfect in French) 

✓ a pood knowledge of German or Spanish wuuld be a plus 
✓ working knowledge of WORD O and EXCEL 5 
/ available immediately 



International Strategic Design Agency 
urgently seeks 


ENGLISH MOTHER TONGUE ASSISTANT 

lu itii v ;ilul u-urkin^ papcr>) 


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/ Fluent French 

/ a minimum of 4 years working experience required. 

/ Background in marketing and/or comm urn cations a plus. 




JUBeMAGNE -SHINING -26, rue Baurd - 75014 Paris - France 


PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE 

The Pittsburgh Posf-Gaaoe. the ma^r 
metropolitan newspaper serving tin 
Untied Stales region of Western 
PervByfvanta (Daify 244.204: Sunday 
432381) is seeking apjirants far 

Associate EdHof/Aits A Entertafament 
This editor wi wort with an sssster) 
managing edtor to o reh es lrre e coverage 
of cumxai and popular arts. The toaal 
candidate should have experience in 
covering cultural institutions M 
enteftammenl news on a local and 
national level He or she shodd afci 
have ejpaience ptarnna Bssgneg and 
edfng stortes. a scnsiWty to pnxfacoon 
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Deputy Graphics Editor 
The deputy graphics editor should to 
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he or she wi have admrmstrarivr 
responsibilities as ‘he second <r 
command of the art department 
management baring and axpenai c e are 
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If you are interested fa these opportuv- 
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the Editor, Pfasburgfi Post-Gazette. J4 
Boulevant of the Anes, Pittsburgh, PA 
15222, USA. We are encouragxig promp- 
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be made via e+nd to. 
temedyCposHazetiaccri 
The HffsfaKBh PostGazetle « an equal 
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SELL A WINNER !! 




tevnecSate openings; high earwigs, travel 
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Attn Ur. HJP. Steffen 
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6045 Meggen • Saitzarfand 
or fax: +41 41 379 09 21 or 
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INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNMENT 
DJREC7WNAL DRILLERS 

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contao numbers to 966-3657-itt: 


I ) A CONTRACT RESEARCH ORGANIZATION 
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ARC AM seeks: 


an ENGLISH MOTHER 
TONGUE SECRETARY 


Fluent In both written end spoken French. 

Excellent typing state. Fcrty proficient on WORLD 6. EXCEL S, ACCESS. 
Bcjckground In moefcot or phormoceutlcal field a plus. 

Please, send CM photo . handwritten letter to: 

A ROAM ■ 

161 rue da CourceHes, 75017 Paris. 


CLIFFORD CHANCE 

An international law firm in Paris 


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09 

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Erbakan Plays Down 
Coup Danger in Turkey 

Islamist Leader Denies Rift With Army 


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Agfni-f Franct-Presse 

ANKARA — Prime Minister Nec- 
meuin Erbakan of Turkey attempted 
Sunday to calm fears of a coup, denying 
any nft berween the political leaders of 
- his paity and the military, which has 
ordered die government to crack down 
on Islamic militants. 

Mr. Erbakan said there was no “di- 
vergence of views" between the gov- 
eming coalition, led by his pro-lslamic 
Welfare party, and the influential armed 
forces, the self-styled defenders of mod- 
u em Tmkey’s secular tradition. 

The prime minister’s comments fol- 
lowed a maraihon meeting of the Na- 
tional Security Council on Saturday at 
which the army is believed to have 
given Mr. Erbakan a last chance to rein 
in Islamists who have outraged secular 
opinion with a series of provocative 
rallies and pro-lslamic measures. 

According to press reports Sunday, 

. the military handed Mr. Erbakan a 20- 
point list of measures aimed at halting 
creeping Islamic influence in Turkey 
and thwarting alleged Iranian efforts to 
destabilize the Turkish government. 

The plan included a ban on propa- 

r da on pro-lslamic television and ra- 
. tighter restrictions on religious 
dress and measures to prevent Muslim 
militants from entering the state ad- 
ministration. 

The military also demanded a strict 
application of eight laws upholding the 
secular principles of Turkey's consti- 
. ration and the closure of Koranic teach- 
ing institutions that are controlled by 
fundamentalists. 

But Mr. Erbakan, speaking before a 
party meeting, denied there was a split 
with the military: “The commanders in 
chief of the Turkish Army, the governing 
coalition partners and die president of 
the republic are in perfect harmony. 

“If you read the statement carefully, 
you will see that there was a total con- 
vergence of views of all the members oh 
the preservation of peace and calm in 
the country." Mr. Erbakan said, dis- 
missing media reports of the meeting as 
“chattering,” 

President Suleyman Demirel warned 
Mr. Erbakan last week dial be would 
accept no deviation from the country's 
secular tradition, fueling speculation 
tiiat the military was losing patience. 

■ Military Warns Prime Minister 

Stephen Kinzer of The New York 
Times reported earlier: 

A terse statement released Saturday 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY. MARCH 3. 1997 


EUROPE 





after the National Security Council 
meeting, although issued in the name of 
all participants, constituted an extraor- 
dinary public warning by the military lo 
Mr. Erbakan's government. 

The statement said the council had 
decided that “no steps away from the 
contemporary values of the Turkish Re- 
public” would be tolerated. 

“It has been decided that destructive 
and separatist groups are seeking to 
weaken our democracy and legal system 
by blurring the distinction between the 
secuJarand the anti-secular,” it said- "It 
has been decided thar in Turkey, sec- 
ularism is not only a form of govern- 
ment but a way of life and the guarantee 
of democracy and social peace. 

“It has been decided that it is im- 
possible to step back from our under- 
standing of the social and legal prin- 
ciples which form the structural core of 
the state, and thar out-of-date measures 
which are taken without regard for these 
principles do not coincide with our legal 
system." 

The statement also said that since 
Turkey is campaigning to become a 
member of the European Union, “it is 
necessary to end all speculation which 
may lead to suspicions about our demo- 
cracy and damage Turkey's image and 
prestige abroad.” 

Since Mr. Erbakan took office in 
June, his government has taken steps 
that, while mainly symbolic, have con- 
flicted with Turkey’s image as a bastion 
of secularism. 

Mr. Erbakan and some of his leading 
advisers have encouraged young people 
to attend religious academies, sought to 
permit religious observances in govern- 
ment buildings and military bases, and 
advocated the construction of large 
mosques in areas of Istanbul and Ankara 
that are known as centers of secularism. 

After the National Security Council 
session, political leaders said they pre- 
sumed tit at Mr. Erbakan would now take 
a more moderate line. 

The meeting was held after several 
days of reports in the press quoting 
unnamed military officers expressing 
deep displeasure with the government. 
Speculation that the military would 
carry out a coup, as it has done three 
times since 1960, has been intense. 

But military commanders have given 
no sign that they want to stage a coup. 
Such a move would probably devastate 
Turkey's image in the world and force 
the military to govern the country, a task 
for which it has no apparent appetite. 


if -V 




f Kun 

mmMiit , i 






Cars Burned in French Town 

VTI rOLLES. France — Six vehicles and a motor- 
cycle were torched late Saturday in this southern French 
town with a heavy immigrant population and now ruled 
by the far right National Front. 

Last T uesday nine vehicles were set ablaze after racist 
remarks by the mayor, Catherine Megreu appeared in an 
interview in a Berlin newspaper. Saturday night’s arson 
attacks occurred in working class neighborhoods with a 
strong immigrant presence. 

Mrs. Megret won a municipal by-election Feb. 9 that 
was marked by two nights of violence in which vehicles 
were burned and gasoline bombs thrown at shop win- 
dows. \AFP ) 

Bonn Plea for Brotherhood 

BONN — President Roman Herzog of Germany 
warned Sunday against prejudice and called on citizens 
to be more brotherly toward one another, two days 
before he was due to take pan in the German opening of 
the European Year Against Racism. 

“People must recognize that negative images of 
others are dangerous fictions which must be put aside 
through patient education,” he said at the opening of an 
annual week dedicated to improving relations between 
Germany's Christians and Jews. < Reuters 1 


$2.5 Million Stolen at Airport 

NO DUMPING — A German farmer in a * 

Helmut Kohl mask driving his tractor in LONDON — Thieves at London’s Heathrow Airport 
a nuclear dumping protest in Gorleben. I^tweek stole S2.5 million in U.S. government aid cash 


that was intended for Russia. Scotland- Yard saj; * 
Sunday. The money disappeared Tuesday from a - 

security cargo compound moments before it was to tP 
put on a British Airways Moscow-bound flight, . 
spokeswoman for Scotland Yard said, confirming* ; 
report in The Mail on Sunday. . m \u 

The cash, part of a $1 0 million consignment tfijnff* . 

denominations, was taken between 7.45 and 8.15 A.M- j. 
from the forward transshipment area near the airport- • 
Terminal 4. It belonged to the Republic National Bank. , - 
one of the banks used by the U.S. government to deliver r 
aid payments to Russia. W* : i 

3 Cosmonauts Back to Earth 

MOSCOW — Three cosmonauts returned to Earth on |i 
Sunday after conducting a range of scientific exper- • 
intents aboard Russia’s orbiting Mir space station- The • 
landing capsule from the Soyuz TM-24 spacecraft came . 
down on schedule at 9:44 A.M., a mission control .. 
spokesman said- (Reisers) 

The EU This Week: 

i. 

International Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this week. ' 

• Prime Minister Wim Kok of the Netherlands, which 

holds the EU presidency, and President Jacques San ter of ; 
the European Commission meet with President Boris 
Yeltsin in Moscow on Monday. ! ■ 

• Telecom ministers meet Thursday in Brussels. i 


r 

War Crime ‘Victims’ Are Alive, Embarrassing Bosnia! 


By Chris Hedges 

.VfH~ York Twin Service 

SARAJEVO. Bosnia-Herzegovina 
— In a major embarrassment for the 
Bosnian government, two Muslim 
brothers, whose supposed slaying was 
used as evidence in the most publicized 
war crimes trial of the war to condemn 
two Bosnian Serbs to death, have been 
found living in a Sarajevo suburb. 

The finding of the brothers, which has 
led the lawyer for one of the imprisoned 
Serbs to file for a new trial, has raised 
troubling questions about the guilt of the 
men. currently in a Sarajevo prison, and 
the death sentence handed down by the 
military court. 

It has exposed what defense attorneys 
say was the undue haste of the trial, which 
went ahead without any physical ev- 
idence. and the charged political atmo- 
sphere that colored the judicial ruling. 

The trial, which was widely covered 
by the international press, was used by 
the Muslim government to publicize the 
brutal “ethnic cleansing" campaign 
then under way by the Bosnian Serbs. 

The March 1993 trial of Sretko Dam- 
janovic and Borislav Herak was the first 


attempt by the Sarajevo legal system to 
try Bosnian Serbs for genocide and oth- 
er war crimes. It was intended to begin a 
process that would see those Serbs re- 
sponsible for Lhe killings of tens of thou- 
sands of Muslims brought to justice. 

But it was also used to convince 
Europe and the United Stares that the 
Serbs were guilty of genocide and other 
crimes against humanity. 

The case against Mr. Damjanovic, 
36. now appears especially weak. 

Mr. Damjanovic was found guilty, 
based largely on a confession he later 
said was made under torture, of killing 
the brothers and a third man, Krso Ram- 
iz, in the trial. 

But in another blow to the case, the 
Sarajevo Public Prosecutor’s office, ac- 
cording to imemal documents, has 
charged three other Bosnian Serbs — 
Nenad Damjanovic (not related to 
Sretko.) . Vukovic Miro and Jeftic Bozo 
— with murdering Mr. Ramiz. 

During the trial, Sretko Damjanovic 
recanted his confession and said he had 
been severely abused by the Muslim 
police until he signed the document. The 
court doctor confirmed at trial that Mr. 
Damjanovic had four knife wounds and 


a broken rib that appeared to have been 
inflicted while in police custody. 

In Mr. Damjanovic ’s confession, he 
stated that he was responsible for the 
killing of the two brothers. Kasim and 
Asim Blekic, who still live in Sarajevo. 

“'The two principal pieces of evidence 
used to convict my client were his signed 
confession, where he supposedly admit- 
ted to murdering two men who we now 
know are alive, and the testimony of his 
co-defendant Borislav Herak.” said Mr. 
Damjanovic ’s lawyer, Branko Marie. 

“How can my client’s supposed con- 
fession be considered valid now? And 
how can die testimony of Mr. Herak, who 
said he witnessed these alleged murders, 
also be accepted by the court?” 

Azra Omeragic, president of the Sa- 
rajevo county court, said there would be 
an evaluation of the request for a new 
trial. But she added that the decision was 
not the responsibility of her office and 
bad been handed over to the public 
prosecutor's office. 

The chief public prosecutor, Domin 
Mai basic, said the request for a retrial 
had never reached his office. 

Mr. Herak said in the trial that he saw 
Damjanovic kill Kasim and Asim 


Blekic as well as Mr. Ramiz. He said b 
also saw Mr. Damjanovic kill three otfs 
er people who were not identified intb • 
trial. No other witnesses were presents! 
to back Mr. Herak ’s accusations. • 

Mr. Herak confessed to a series < 
war crimes that included 42 individu 
killing s and 1 6 rapes that were foilowe 
according to his confession, by tl 
killing of 11 of his rape victims. 

Kasim Blekic, who now raises shet ' 
in a small shed next to his bouse in d 
Vogosca suburb of Sarajevo, said 1 
was unaware that his supposed killir 
had been used to indict Mr. Damjanovi 
until a year ago when Vogosca, whic 
was under Bosnian Serb control, wa 
handed back to the Muslim govemmet 
as part of the Dayton peace agreement 

“I didn't return to Vogosca until las) 
year when the Serbs were leaving,' ' saic 
Mr. Blekic, 43. 

“I was buying cattle in those days 
from a lot of the Serbs, including many o i 
ray old neighbors. I went to see the unck 
of Sretko Damjanovic, an old friend, anc 
he said he couldn’t believe I was alive. He 
told me his nephew had been sentenced tc 
death for killing ray brother and me. They 
all looked at me as if I was a ghost” 


nr 

BUJVe 
9 1997 
1CE9 


OUR INFLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT IS NOW IN YOUR HANDS. SMOOTH AS SILK. 




















PAGE 6 


ART 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, SATXJRDAY-SUNDAT, MAY 3-4, 1997 


Budapest Fetes 
Jewish Diaspora 


By Ruth Ellen Gruber 


B udapest — At 

the entrance to a ma- 
jor new exhibit ai 
Budapest's Jewish 
Museum hang prewar oil 
paintings of a neoclassical 
Budapest synagogue that was 
built m the 1820s. The syn- 
agogue still stands and looks 
much the same. But today it is 
used as a television studio. 

Nearby hangs a huge can- 
vas of a bearded Jew in a 
black hat bending to touch a 
black wall. The painting is by 
Laszlo Feher, who is one of 
Hungary's best-known con- 
temporary artists and a con- 
vert to Judaism. 

In many ways these works 
and their contexts exemplify 
the concept behind the ex- 
hibition as a whole. 

Entitled “Diaspora (and) 
Art," the exhibit brings to- 
gether some 500 pieces in a 
carefully devised exploration 
of the changing position of 
Jews, artists and intellectuals 
within Hungarian history and 
society. 

"The Diaspora is a kind of 
mentality where people are 
not exactly inside society; 
they are people on the border 
of society, said Leverue 
Thury, the Budapest ceram- 
icist who curated the show 
along with Gyorgy Szego, an 
art historian. 

"Society accepts them but 
sometimes hares them, some- 
times creates difficulties. But 
there is also a sort of freedom 
in being a little bit outside — 
this is the Diaspora," Thurv 
added. 


T HURY said the orig- 
inal idea behind the 
show had been to 
present an exhibit of 
“Jewish ait" utilizing the 
hundreds of pieces that for 
decades under communism 
had sat locked and forgotten 
in the museum's storerooms. 

Tire aim was to create an 
important exhibit that would 
heighten the profile of the 
Jewish Museum and Jewish 
culture in the Hungarian mind 
at large. Under communism. 


the museum was little more 
than a marginal display of ritu- 
al objects; further exploration 
of the role of Jewish culture in 
Hungary was taboo. 

Thury and Szego worked 
with the director of tire Jewish 
Museum, Robert Ben Turan, 
and spent months rummaging 
through the museum’s long- 
neglected collection. They 
also located art works in other 
museums and private collec- 
tions and contacted contem- 
porary Hungarian artists. 
Jewish and non -Jewish alike, 
to lend works, so that the 
pieces included in the show 
dale from the early 19th cen- 
tury to the present. 

The show, which opened in 
March and is scheduled to run 
through the coming year, is 
the first major exhibit to be 
held in the Jewish Museum's 
newly enlarged and refur- 
bished exhibition gallery, 
which doubled, the existing 
museum space. 

Paintings, graphics and 
sculpture have been arranged 
in a series of rooms to lead 
visitors through a historical, 
artistic and psychological 
confrontation with themes 
such as tradition and identity, 
assimilation and exile. Isola- 
tion and responsibility are 
also key motifs. 

Given the topicality, size 
and complexity of the exhibit, 
it is unfortunate that funds 
were not found to produce a 
catalogue. 

The show includes works 
by Jewish artists on non-Jew- 
ish themes and works by non- 
Jewish artists on Jewish 
themes. Ail styles are repre- 
sented. ranging from the clas- 
sically conservative to the ab- 
stract and the conceptual. The 
pieces are carefully put in 
groups so that the juxtapos- 
ition provides a commentary 
on each work, a style or an 
implicit idea. 

A sculpture of Moses by 
the tum-of-the -century as- 
similated Jewish sculptor 
Jozsef Rona, for example, 
shares a room with a stark, 
hermaphroditic Moses by 
Jozsef Jakovits. a non -Jewish 
contemporary artist who had 
strong links to Judaism. 




By Phoebe Hoban 




N ew york — 

Mark Tansey sits 
back in his Tribe ca 
studio to observe 
his latest punting, putting his 
mug of tea on a wooden wheel 
inscribed with enigmatic 
phrases like “rogue program- 
mers,’ ’ “the prisoner of fore- 
play" and “encountering the 
original.'' Although it’s now 
a table. Tansey invented the 
wheel as a kind of handmade 
metaphor machine. 

Spinning it like a wheel of 
fortune provided permuta- 
tions of philosophical and 
metaphysical problems, 
which he used as reference 
points foT his paintings. 

Tansey’s wheel is. in a 
sense, a compass, a guide 
through the territoiy of his 
work; he is the master of 
mordant polemical paintings 
about modernist art theory 
and deconstructionism, a 
painter who makes paintings 

about the idea of making 

paintings. J*cfcM*ml*gfllicNewYwir«ie» 

“I think at this point I’ve Mark Tansey sitting in front of his painting “ Soft Borders ” in his New York studio. 
gotten beyond the wheel," 



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Kuril EQea Craber 


Figure of Moses by Jozsef Jakovits in Jewish Museum. 


The Holocaust is not a spe- 
cific theme, and few pieces 
deal directly with the Shoah. 
But the murder of 600.000 
Hungarian Jews by the Nazis 
and homegrown fascists 
forms an inescapable sub- 
text. 

One painting shows a street 
comer in Paris, painted in 
1931 by the non-Jewish artist 
Istvan Cserepes. In the 1940s. 
Cserepes had a studio in Bud- 
apest's Jewish quarter. In 
1945, he protested when the 
fascists rounded up Jews 
from his building — and he 
was taken along with them 
and shot on the banks of the 
Danube with his neighbors. 

Also providing a symbolic 
contrast are several large in- 
stallations put together by 
Thury and Szego from old 
pews, ritual objects, books 
and decorations taken from 
Budapest's ornate Dohany 
Street synagogue, which is 
next door to the Jewish Mu- 
seum. The synagogue, built in 
the 1850s and the largest in 
Europe, was reopened last 
year after a full renovation. 

The walls of the first rooms 
are crowded with paintings, 
many of them portraits. Frame 
nearly touches frame, from 
floor to ceiling in an almost 
claustrophobic maimer. 

"We created a living 
crowd," said Ben Turan. 
“But this crowd represents a 
killed and lost mass of Jews 
— we revitalized it" 


There is a portrait of a sol- 
dier with earlocks, portraits of 
Jewish authors, Jewish com- 
munity leaders, anonymous 
families in their living rooms 
and shops. One contempor- 
ary, multiple-portrait piece 
includes a mirror. 

The pictures were massed 
together not just to represent 
p re -Holocaust life, but also to 
represent loneliness within a 
crowd. 






says Tansey, whose new pealing, introspective man. 
work is on view at the Curt “I like the idea of reverse 
Marcus Gallery in Soho. “It deconstruction, which is con- 
was something I used against srruction. 


four interrelated scenes, each 
depicted from a different per- 


Arthur Dan to is among the 
critics who have praised his 


W ALL texts cap- 
tion various sec- 
tions of the ex- 
hibit. One in 
particular sets die rone for the 
show, a quotation from the 
artist Ron lUtaj: “After 
Auschwitz, everyone lives in 
the Diaspora now." 

Recalling the Arbeit Macht 
Fret quotation above the gate 
of Auschwitz, it is written 
above a doorway leading to 
the latter rooms of the show, 
where contemporary art- 
works dominate. 

The works are more 
scattered here. The walls are 
more bare, representing the 
isolation within contempor- 
ary society, the stifling of 
artists and intellectuals under 
communism, and the dimin- 
ished size of the Jewish pop- 
ulation. 

Ruth Ellen Gruber is work- 
ing on a new book about non- 
Jewish interest in Jewish cul- 
ture in Europe. 


artist's block to provide nar- “The question I am 
rative. Now I’ve gotten to an- dressing now is, ‘How do 
other understanding of what make meaning pictorial?* 
motivates pictures." “It’s no longer about get- tain with a band of surveyors, 

After a year's “self-paid" ting direct equivalence be- a tourist group and a toxic- 
sabbatical, Tansey has found tween the material and the waste-removal crew, 
what he was looking for, a idea. It’s not about capturing “It's.a short-history of the 
new “ techno ph or,” as he the real. It’s the transition. West," be says, “from four 
calls it He defines die term as what happens between the different points of view." 

"a metaphorical technique material and the ideas. What Since he moved to New 
for connecting subject matter is that interaction? I think it's York from California in 1974, 
and ideas." basically analogy. I’m work- Tansey has been delving into 

Tansey’s studio, one block ing with pictorial rhetoric; visual conundrums that few 


“The question I am ad- trying to illustrate a wrinkle in 
dressing now is, ‘How do you time. A small tribe of Amer- 


spective, yet somehow con- work. "Mark made the in- 
verging. as if Tansey were tellect central to his paint- 


trying to illustrate a wrinkle in mgs," he says. "That was 
time. A small tribe of Amer- _ about as subversive of re- 
ican Indians shares themoun- ' ceived dogma as it was pos- 


what he was looking for, a idea. It’s not about capturing 
new “technophor," as he the real. It’s the transition, 
calls it He defines die term as what happens between the 
“a metaphorical technique material and the ideas. What 


and ideas." basically analog) 

Tansey *s studio, one block ing with pictor 
from the loft where he lives how we read dii 
with his wife, Jean, and their of visual order." 

three children, is itself a tech- 

nophor, a model of his mind at HE curie 

work. I ing that 

There is no surface that is I his stu 
not layered with images or -A. more w 
images of images; collages, show, but already 
photographs and Xeroxes, the artist inter 


ing with pictorial rhetoric; visual conundrums that few 
how we read different kinds contemporary painters have 
of visual order.' ' chosen to contemplate. 


Bom in San Jose, Calif or- of modem art 

T HE carious red paint- nia, in 1949, Tansey was ex- In “Derrida Queries de 
ing that dominates posed to aesthetic discourse Man" (1990), Tansey creates 
his studio needs as a child. a precipitous post-modem 

more work for the HLs father. Richard Tan- pas de deux on the edge of a 
show, but already it does what sey, is an an historian who cliff of text. He excels at one- 
the artist intended; raises worked on the famous text- upping the schools of thought 
questions about the nature of book “Gardner's An he refers to by using their own 
time, space and painting it- Through die Ages.” His sienifiers as weapons in his 


sibie for an artist to be." 

Tansey has quietly painted 
some of the most acerbic an 
criticism of the last decade. In 
“Triumph of the New York 
School/' 1984, one of his 
best-known works, he bor- 
rows the format of 
Velazquez’s “Surrender of 
Breda’ to comment on the 
moment when New York 
supplanted Paris as the capital 
of modem art. 

In "Derrida Queries de 
Mao" ( 1 990), Tansey creates 
a precipitous post-modem 
pas de deux on the edge of a 


Tansey has catalogued them questions about the nature of book “Gardner's 
with labels like "aperture as time, space and painting it- Through die Ages.” 


object,” "light trajectories." 
“reversal of black and 
white.” 


self. Tansey has used amoun- mother. Luraine Tansey, de- 
tainside as the backdrop for vised one of the first corn- 


latest intelli 


ickdrop 

ectual 


*T had come to the end of quiiy. 


puterized slide archives. 
After graduating from the 


what I thought of as a lover’s The realistically rendered Art Center College of Design 


quarrel with post-structural- canvas, titled “Soft Bor- 
ism,” says Tansey, 47. an ap- ders," is actually made up of 


signifiers as weapons in his- 
artistic arsenal. 

‘ ‘I think Tansey has a won- 
derfully sharp wit,” said the 
art critic Robert Hughes, who 
reproduced “Triumph of the 

ki. 


canvas, titled "50lt Bor- in Los Angeles, Tansey New York School” in his 
ders," is actually made up of joined the Hunter College new book. "American Vi- 

studio-art graduate program sions.” 

| in Manhattan. But nis real ‘Tveneverseenawotkof 


- — -• ■ 



ART EXHIBITIONS 





sions. 

“I've never seen a work of 


education in modernist theory his that I didn't find inter- 
was as Helen Franken thaler's esting.” 


FRANCIS 


BRIEST 


X\\t \N ter NA770jY 4/ 


l ine Art Auctioneer 


Impressionist & Modern Paintings 

Tuesday June 1 7.. 9 p.m 

Paris Drcuot “crxngtv: i 5 coer.w Montaigne, 751)08 Paris 



the Van Dongen nobody knows 

Early & fauvist drawings 1895-1912 Insdtut nfieriandais 
from April 17 to Jane 8. daily from 1 pji. to 7 p.m. except on 

Mondays, 121, rna de LIHa, 75007 Paris Metro Assn mbits Nationals 


assistant “I held the paint- 
ings while Clement Green- 
berg critiqued them,” he 
says. “Straight from die 
horse’s mouth.” 

In 1980, Tansey completed 


T ANSEY’S current 
source of techno- 
phors is die new sci- 
ences. “I've been 
reading things about catastro- 


the first painting in what be- phe, chaos and complexity 
came his signature style. The theory,” he says. 


— — » iiiwu (.m ’ v 

Sawings sca'v a vVV 

MAY 9-14, 1997 

Daily: 1 lum-Spm. Sunday <Sc last day: I lam-'pm 
Ucnefit Preview for 

(.on’s I.om Wi; Daiviiic May S, <>-‘>pm 


52 panels of “A Short History “It’s fascinating to go to 

of Modernist Painting” are another field where there is 
witty windows onto various this explosion of kinds of 
artistic conventions, from the visual order. These scientists 
figurative to Minimalism. are dealing with the problems 

The painting used painting of the difference between 
itself to tackle contemporary representations and the 
an theory and also estab- world as it is. And they are 
lished his idiosyncratic icon- coming to an understanding 
ography, figures drawn from of the importance of meta- 



Dorme Proske-van Heerdt 
Fine Medieval Books 

Illuminated Manuscripts 
Miniatures, Incunabula 
Antiquarian Book Fair 
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ography, figures drawn tram 
popular culture — particu- 
larly that of the 1950s — 


phor.” 

For Tansey, that impor- 


rendered in a deliberately ar- tance has been obvious ail 
chaic, monochromatic style, along. 


By 1984, Tansey’s work had 
been acquired by the Metro- 
politan Museum of An, the 
Whitney Museum and the 


Phoebe Hoban. the author 
of a forthcoming biography of 
Jean-Michel B asquint, wrote 
this for The New York Times. 
















J--' 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 


PAGE 7 



INTERNATIONAL 







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Israelis See Hill Project as Sealing Jerusalem’s Unity 


By Serge Schmemann ~~ 

,Vfw ‘ York 77/wj \mtc f 

i-idS? ~7 After announc >ng the de- 

acon to build a large new Jewish neieh- 

“t ^ <* souThS 

! e Mui,ster Benjamin Netan- 

f,eutenants . Punched an intensive 
public-relabons campaign to portray the ac- 
tion aa .a response to the housing needs of all 
Jerusalemites, Jews and Arabs _ and even as 
jgi symbol of peaceful coexistence and har- 
l-mony in the Holy City. 

11 r ™^ t played well abroad if every- 
ooe else hadn t been talking of the area. Har 
Horna. m distinctly nonpeaceful terms. 
Constnicuon of a Jewish neighborhood 

on Jabal Abu Ghunayro will be a fom\ of 
declaration of war on Israel’s pari.” warned 
Feisal Husseini. the chief Palestinian rep- 
resentative in Jerusalem, using the Arabic 
name for the site. 

“On this subject, it is forbidden for us to 
show any sign of weakness," declared the 
Israeli industry and trade minister. Natan 
Sharansky. Police Minister Avigdor Kahalani 
proclaimed, “The struggle for Jerusalem has 
hegun- 

To be fair. Mr. Netanyahu might have been 
using the notion of peaceful coexistence in the 
sense that Jerusalem’s Biblical masters might 
have meant it when they encircled the ancient 
i jiity with massive ramparts — us peacefully 
inside, them peacefully outside. 

Because in the minds of the Israelis who 


demanded the neighborhood's construction, 
that was the real purpose: to complete a ring of 
Jewish neighborhoods around East Jerusalem 
that would cement the city as the "eternal and 
undivided" capital of Israel. 

Har Homa, in a vacant stretch of hills 
between Bethlehem and Jerusalem, is a major 
gap in the southern part of the ring. Once 
completed, it will join with the adjacent 
neighborhoods of Gilo, East Talpiot and Givat 
Hamatos to create a buffer of 120.000 Jewish 
residents in southeastern Jerusalem, foreclos- 
ing the chance of any linkage between the 
nearby Arab towns and Arab neighborhoods 
in East Jerusalem. 

The basic strategy is hardly new. Within 
three weeks of conquering East Jerusalem in 
the 1967 war. Israel greatly expanded Je- 
rusalem's boundaries. The man who shaped 
the city’s development for the next 27 years. 
Mayor Teddy KoLlek. spoke of “separate 
development and peaceful coexistence" 
while he aggressively expanded into Arab 
areas by building Jewish neighborhoods on 
expropriated land. 

“The supreme principle in the planning of 
Jerusalem is to secure its unity," declared a 
master plan adopted under Mr. Kollck in 
1978. 

But if the strategy is familiar, the context is 
new. In the first decades after ! 967. the Jewish 
expansion essentially consolidated a military 
vicroiy. But the peace declared in 1993 es- 
tablished that further division of territory 
would occur only through negotiation. 


Jerusalem, the toughest issue of all, was left 
to the “final status" talks that are supposed to 
end by May 1999. 

Mr. Netanyahu ’s government contends that 
the 1993 agreements do not explicitly restrict 
Israeli construction in areas under Israel's 
jurisdiction. But there is little question that 
building the first 2.500 of a planned 6,500 
housing units in Har Homa violates the spirit 
of the agreement, creating "facts on the 
ground" in advance of talks. Once built, there 
is virtually no chance the neighborhood will 
be offered as a bargaining chip. 

That is important, because a study on how 
Israeli Jews view Jerusalem, conducted 
jointly by the University of Maryland and the 
Gutman Institute of Applied Social Studies in 
Jerusalem, found that only a small percentage 
of Israelis view the boundaries of Jerusalem as 
sacrosanct, and that 45 percent are prepared to 
transfer outlying areas of the city to Pal- 
estinian sovereignty. 

“But once a housing project is built and 
Jewish families move Si, the overwhelming 
majority of Israelis regard it as an essentiiri 
part of Jerusalem and outside the realm of 
negotiations." said Jerome Segal of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. 

It was this imperative that prompted a 
powerful group of Mr. Netanyahu’s conser- 
vative colleagues to lean on the prime minister 
to prove his commitment to Jerusalem by 
building Har Homa, and to threaten to bring 
down the government if he failed. 

With new territorial concessions to the Pal- 


estinians looming, Mr. Netanyahu told Amer- 
icans and Palestinians privately that he had to 
"fill his right-wing tank” on Har Homa if he 
was to keep on the peace route. 

The battle for Jerusalem has always been a 
battle that Israel has waged alone, since even 
the United States has not recognized the city 
as Israel's capital, and most Western gov- 
ernments cling to an old notion of “inter- 
nationalizing” Jerusalem and its holy sites. 
The idea derives from the notion that die 
competition for Jerusalem is rooted in the 
competing claims of three major faiths — 
Judaism, Christianity and Islam. 

Yet. the irony of the current struggle is that 
the religious sites may actually be the least 
contentious of the issues facing Israelis and 
Palestinians. Since 1967, Israel has main- 
tained a status quo in which each major faith 
administers its holy sites with a minimum of 
interference, and aU Israeli governments have 
pledged to keep the balance intact in the 
future. 

The problem now is that what the Jews call 
“Yenishalaim" and the Palestinians call “AJ 
Quels" has become a symbol of national 
struggle and pride. 

Th3t promises a tough and bitter struggle, 
but at least it leaves the definition of Je- 
rusalem a bit more flexible. If the Israelis 
settle Har Homa and proclaim it part of Yer- 
ushalaim, there is no reason why sometime in 
the future the Palestinians will not be able to 
designate some outlying villages as Ad 
Quds. 



Arman Aims to Cut UN Costs 
To Free Cash for Poor Nations 


I Chobo Bit* tafTlK AflocurrJ Press 

KID'S STUFF — Pope John Paul II trying to coax a smile from a child during 
his visit Sunday to St Julian's parish church on the outskirts of Rome. 

GORE: Direct Approach Yields Big Donations 


Continued from Page 1 

ington Post show that A1 Gore 
also played a traditional fund- 
raising role in attending 39 
events as the principal attrac- 
tion. raising S8.74 million in 
* ] 995-96. The vice president 
•was also the principal at 23 
White House coffees and 
joined Mr. Clinton at another 
eight. He used his official res- 
idence fora number of ‘ ‘donor 
stroking" events, as one key 
fund-raiser called them, such 
as a May 7, 1996, dinner for 
50 supporters who already 
had raised at least $100,000. 

According to committee 
officials and several large 
donors, at least $40 million of 
the $180 million raised by the 
organization in 1995-96 was 
brought in by Mr. Gore and 
his fund-raising network, 
which included a longtime 
aide, Peter Knight, who man- 
aged the Climon-Gore re- 
flection campaign. 

■ Mr. Gore’s efforts paid off 
in 1996 and have the addi- 
tional benefit of positioning 
him for a presidential run. In 
California, Florida. Illinois, 
New York, Ohio and Texas 
— states with the largest num- 
ber of electoral votes the 
vice president has a cadre of 
several dozen proven fund- 


raisers, according to state or- 
ganizers and Gore associates. 

“He’s got a huge net- 
work," a key Democratic 
fund-raiser said, "and he’ll 
be able to raise 10 times what 
anyone else can.” 

Mr. Gore declined repeated 
requests over the last four 
months to be interviewed for 
this article. His spokeswom- 
an. Lorraine Voles, said. 
“There is nothing inappro- 
priate about die vice president 
calling people for money.’’ 

She added that Mr. Gore 
saw no distinction between 
attending routine fund-rais- 
ing events and personally so- 
liciting contributions. 

It is not illegal for a vice 
president to solicit campaign 
contributions. 

Mr. Gore’s direct tele- 
phone solicitations — appar- 
ently unprecedented for a vice 
president, according to three 
of his predecessors — were 
often blunt but successful. 

In October 1995, for ex- 
ample, he called James 
Hormel, chairman of Equi- 
dex. which manages the 
Horroel family’ s meatpacking 
fortune. The vice president 
asked Mr. Hormel to contrib- 
ute to an advertising cam- 
paign touting Mr. Clinton’s 
record- * ’There was a sense of 


urgency that depended on tim- 
ing because it was for a media 
buy,” Mr. Hormel said. 

Mr. Hormel also attended a 
meeting that month in a San 
Francisco hotel where Mr. 
Gore made another pitch for 
money to about a dozen ex- 
ecutives. On Ocl 25. he wrote 
a check for $50,000 to the na- 
tional committee, followed 
seven weeks later by another 
for $30,000. He gave an ad- 
ditional S50.000 in 1996. 

From 1994 through 1996, 
Mr. Gore made dozens of 
similar overtures in directly 
asking donors for money. 

Another donor recalled the 
vice president's phoning and 
saying, *Tve been tasked 
with raising $2 million by the 
end of tiie week, and you’re 
on my list" The donor, a 
well-known business figure 
who declined to allow his 
name to be used, gave about 
$ 1 00.000 but said he felt pres- 
sured by the sales pitch. 

“It’s revolting.” said the 
donor, a Gore supporter. 

Yet another major business 
figure and donor who was so- 
licited by Mr. Gore, and who 
also refused to be identified, 
said: “There were elements 
of a shakedown in the call." 

But he said he immediately 
sent a check for $100,000. 


By Paul Lewis 

New York Times Service 

UNITED NATIONS, New York — In an 
effort to end the United Nations' financial 
troubles by persuading the U.S. Congress to 
pay America’s backlog of dues, the UN sec- 
retary-general, Kofi Annan, is working on a 
plan to eliminate about $200 million a year of 
administrative spending and move the money 
to development aid for poor countries. 

Mr. Annan hopes to secure these savings in 
the administrative budget by eli minatin g 500 
jobs from a work force that has already shrunk 
from 12,000 to 9,000 since 1985, by ending 
duplication in some agencies and by reducing 
red tape. The moves would slash adminis- 
trative spending nearly in half and reduce 
administrative costs from 38 percent of the 
United Nations’ $13 billion budget to 20 
percent. 

“What we aim to do is to cut administrative 
expenses within a frozen budget so as to free 
more cash for our programs,’’ Mr. Annan said 
in an interview, recalling that at their summit 
meeting in France last summer, the Group of 
Seven major industrial democracies agreed 
that money saved by slimming the UN bu- 
reaucracy should go to development assistance 
raiber than be returned to member countries. 

The measures that Mr. Annan is consid- 
ering will be the centerpiece of the package he 
plans to propose this summer to try to make 
the unspecified reforms that both President 
Bill Clinton's administration and the oppo- 
sition Republican-controlled Congress are de- 
manding in return for paying the $1 billion the 
United States owes the organization. 

While Mr. Clinton has asked Congress to 
make an immediate payment of $100 million to 
the United Nations, he wants the remaining 
$900 million to be appropriated now but held 
back until 1999 to give Washington time to 
judge the effects of any changes Mr. Annan 
makes. 

The bureaucratic pruning Mr. Annan has in 
mind clearly falls well short of the "5(3 per- 
cent cut in the entire UN bureaucracy” de- 


manded last year by Senator Jesse Helms, 
Republican of North Carolina, who is chair- 
man of the Foreign Relations Committee and 
the most powerful congressional critic of the 
United Nations. 

But the economies he proposes may well be 
judged excessive by other members, many of 
whom deeply resent the United States’ attempt 
to put conditions on payments it has a legal 
obligation to make. Mr. Annan’s proposals, 
however, will be only one element in the 
debate on overhauling the United Nations. 

Although he has considerable discretion 
over how he spends the secretariat's budget, 
five working groups of the 185-nation Gen- 
eral Assembly are working to prepare rec- 
ommendations for change in other areas. 

To meet the U.S. demand for a cut in its 
share of the tegular budget from 25 percent to 
20 percent and of peacekeeping bills from 30 
percent to 25 percent, members are debating a 
new scale of assessments under which the rest 
of the world would pay a larger share. Also 
under debate is a plan to enlarge the Security 
Council by creating permanent seats for Ger- 
many and Japan, as well as seats for major 
developing countries. 

Finally . member stales are considering how 
to strengthen the role of the United Nations in 
peacemaking and development and to turn the 
General Assembly into an effective forum for i 
debating world problems. 

Taken together, these proposals are sup- 
posed to help the United Nations deal more 
effectively with the problems of the post-Cold 
War world. But it is already clear that all of 
them are linked by the need to resolve the 
organization’s financial difficulties if the 
United Nations is to have any future at alL 

Diplomats say there is tittle point in trying 
to strengthen any aspect of the UN’s work 
unless the institution returns to solvency, with 
America paying its debts and becoming a 
reliable contributor again. 

As the Japanese representative Hisasi 
Owada recently said. * ‘We will never agree to 
improve the UN unless we know it has the 
means to be effective." 


MACHEL: ‘Companion’ Is a Match for Mandela 


MEXICO: Escape Report Follows Certification 


Continued from Page 1 

cr brother of the trafficker who controlled^ 
narcotics organization that dominated north- 

rh*» Gulf Cartel was arrested in July, accuseo 
of ov“g cartel's billion^ 

'^W^moXiSTfedeml prison in 
Sumter when .his tag « 

overtimed Stal P ro f 1 SfSSX 

general ssiateme^ immediatt i y rearresied 

Antr-dnig them to come 

S3E3tt*fi«“3z2S 

36 SSBW 

Drugs for ^ esb0 ^iwhowSequesrioning 

• The “SMSK STarresl the gov- 
him were put unac, .j 
a emment statement saia. _ . 

P 3 Washington Claims Gam in P»ct 

e . nffirials say Mexico prom- 

Admmi^nonoffiu^y^ 

■ied to allow . operat , ons under 

cany guns on ^T b ^st-minute negou- 
isreements reached m 


ations before the White House announced that 
it had certified Mexico as a full-fledged ally in 
the drug war. The Washington Post reported. 

Mexico also offered formal promises of 
greater cooperation in extraditing drug lords, 
shutting down money-laundering operations 
and attacking corruption in its government, 
the officials said. 

Mexico’s frequent failure to deliver folly 
on such promises figured prominently in con- 
gressional criticism of the certification de- 
cision. Richard Gephardt, the House minority 
leader, and dozens of other legislators de- 
clared they no longer trusted such pledges and 
vowed ro overturn the certification. 

Mr. Clinton defended his decision in his 
weekly radio address, saying. “Make no mis- 
take about it Mexico has a serious drug 
problem, but Mexico’s leaders recognize that 
problem and they have the will to fight it” 

As drug-associated violence mounted in 
Mexican border cities last year, the FBL the 
Drue Enforcement Administration and other 
agencies participating in joint task forces 
mere insisted that tbetr officers needed to be 
armed. But until last week, Mexico bad re- 
jected the request as unnecessary and a vi- 
olation of diplomatic practice. 

A senior Mexican Foreign Ministry official 
said over the weekend that negotiations over 
the arming of task forces were stfll under way 
and denied there had been any qu id pro quo for 
the certification. Mexico has said throughout 
the certification process that it is folly en- 
gaged in fighting drugs out of self-interest 


Continued from Page 1 

credentials in one of southern 
Africa’s several struggles 
against colonialism and 
white-minority rule, can add 
yet another distinction to her 
long list: She is the woman 
who has brought happiness to 
a once solitary figure with the 
weight of a nation cm his 
shoulders. 

Mr. Mandela, 78, the polit- 
ical prisoner turned president, 
and Mrs. Machel, 5 1 , became 
the hottest item in southern 
Africa last year when, after 
months of furtive kisses and 
international rendezvous, 
they told the world what they 
mean to each other. 

Although only a few 
months after his divorce from 
Winnie Mandela, Mr. Man- 
dela’s newly public romance 
with Mrs. Machel captured 
the heart of South Africa. 

“President Nelson Man- 
dela is in love.” blared a lead- 
ing Sunday newspaper, start- 
ing a week of giddy news 
coverage in which everyone 
bad something to say about 
the well-being of their leader. 
Tbe official revelation was 
made only after private dis- 
cussions with Mr, Mandela's 
political pany, the African 
National Congress, and Mrs. 
Machel’ s family and col- 
leagues in Mozambique. 

After those first tentative 
Steps into the public do main , 
Mrs. Machel, whose office 
said she was too busy to be 
interviewed for this article, 
departed South Africa on Sat- 
urday on her first state visit 
with Mr. Mandela, this one to 
Asia. Reflecting the new 
frontiers to' which this rela- 
tionship has pushed protocol, 
“her official capacity is 
‘companion,’ ” said Mr. 
Mandela’s spokesman. Parks 
Mankahlana, who struggles 


with how to handle the status 
of a woman who is not quite 
the first lady. 

The heightened public pro- 
file of Mr. Mandela and Mrs. 
Machel has fueled specula- 
tion of nuptials soon to come. 
But the couple do dm plan to 
wed, Mr. Mandela’s aides 
say. They live together part- 
time, with Mrs. Machel 
spending abour two weeks a 
month in South Africa with 
Mr. Mandela. 

The retired Anglican Arch- 
bishop Desmond Tutu and 
others have suggested it 
would perhaps be better if the 
two were to set a moral ex- 
ample through marriage. 

But Mrs. Machel has said 
she remains deeply commit- 
ted to the life and develop- 
ment of Mozambique. 

On a more emotional level, 
she has said she win always 
be Mrs. Samora Machel, the 
widow of independent 
Mozambique’s first presi- 
dent, who died in a myster- 
ious plane crash over South 
African tenirory in 1986. Mr. 
Mandela recently called for a 
new inquiry into Mr. 
Machel ’s death. 

“She went through very 
tough times/' said the family 
friend. Some reports say that 
she remained in mourning for 
five years. Bui in recent years 
she has emerged as a public 
figure, her humanitarian 
works earning her a stature in 
Mozambique thar transcends 
that of presidential widow. 
“It would be a bit of a pity for 
Mozambique if she aid get 
married,” the friend said. 

Mozambique's minister of 
education for 11 years until 
1986, Mrs. Machel has be- 
come a kind of roving inter- 
national ambassador for chil- 
dren’s rights and 
development. She is known 
for her intense commitment 


and passion, as well as her 
command of children’s is- 
sues. friends say. 

She runs a community de- 
velopment program in 
Mozambique and maintains 
an office in die capital, 
Maputo. She chairs the 
Mozambican National Com- 
mission for Unesco. Last 
year, she submitted a report to 
the United Nations General 
Assembly that it had com- 
missioned on the impact of 
armed conflict on children. 
This week, she was the host of 
an international conference in 
Maputo on controlling the use 
of land mines. 

Although of different gen- 
erations and different coun- 
tries, Mrs. Machel and Mr. 
Mandela share the experience 
of having struggled against 
oppression — she against 
Portuguese colonialism, he 
against apartheid. 

In 1990, shortly after Mr. 
Mandela’s release from 27 
years of political imprison- 
ment. he met Graca Machel 
for the first time when he be- 
came godfather of her chil- 
dren, assuming the role pre- 
viously held by die late ANC 
president, Oliver Tambo. 

They met again in 1992, 
when Mrs. Machel was re- 
ceiving an honorary degree 
from die University of the 
Western Cape in Cape Town. 
It was during this second 
meeting that Mr. Mandela re- 
portedly became intrigued. 
Just when the romance de- 
veloped is unknown. 

That same year. Mr. Man- 
dela’s 38-year marriage to 
Winnie Mandela ended in 
separation. Last March, they 
divorced. 

But Winnie Mandela re- 
mains a political force here. 
She is a member of Parlia- 
ment. She leads the ANC Wo- 
men’s League, 


Zaire Rebel Rejects Cease-Fire 

GOM A. Zaire — The Zairian rebel chief said Sunday 
in Goma that he had rejected a cease-fire proposed by 
U.S. and South African mediators. 

Peace brokers hoping to secure a reprieve from the 
fighting in eastern Zaire, which has uprooted hundreds ol 
thousands of refugees, had expressed hope over the 
weekend that government forces and rebels led by 
Laurent ’Desire Kabila could agree to a truce starting 
Monday. But Mr. Kabila stressed that his forces, which 
have already seized about one-fifth of Zairian territory' 
and driven government forces west in four months of 
fighting, would not agree. 

The rebels, advancing toward Kisangani, said Sunday 
that their forces had captured the strategic town of Lubutu 
and the Tingi Tingi camp that had held 170.000 Hutu 
refugees from Rwanda and Burundi. There was no in- 
dependent confirmation of the advance and no word on 
the fate of the refugees. (AFP. Reuters l 

Iraq Accuses U.S. on Vital Aid 

BAGHDAD — Iraq on Sunday again accused the 
United States of delaying the arrival of badly needed food 
and medicines in a partial lifting of sanctions under the 
humanitarian deal with the United Nations. 

President Saddam Hussein's cabinet said in a state- 
ment on government radio. “More than two and half 
months after the signing of the accord, neither food nor 
medicines have yet to arrive in Iraq because of the 
American obstacles.” 

A United Nations official in Baghdad said earlier that 
the first deliveries of food and medicines were expected 
before the end of March. [AFP l 

Israeli Jets Strike Hezbollah 

NABATTYEH, Lebanon — Israeli warplanes on 
Sunday raided suspected Hezbollah guerrilla targets just 
north of Israel's occupation zone in southern Lebanon, 
security sources said. 

They said the jets fired rockets into Jabal Safi in Iqlim 
AJ Toufah, a mountain ridge used by the pro-Iranian 
fighters to launch attacks against Israeli and allied militia 
forces in the border buffer zone. There was no immediate 
word on casualties or damage in (he air attack, the 20th 
into Lebanon this year. [Reuters) 

Peru Chief Gives Asylum Hint 

LIMA — In a surprise move. President Alberto 
Fujimori flew to the Dominican Republic on Sunday after 
confirming he would discuss asylum for leftist rebels 
holed up in die Japanese ambassador’s residence. 

The development opened the door for an end to the 
hostage ordeal for 72 captives held nearly 1 1 weeks at the 
residence by Tupac Amaru rebels. 

Before leaving from a military airport Mr. Fujimori 
said he had spoken with President Leonel Fernandez of 
Dominica about the hostage situation. “We will explore 
the possibilities of asylum for the terrorists/ ’ Mr. 
Fujimori said. (AFP\ 

Deng’s Ashes Scattered at Sea 

BEUING — The ashes of Deng Xiaoping were 
scattered into the sea off China's coast, the official 
Xinhua news agency said Saturday. Mr. Deng, who died 
Feb. 19 aged 92, was cremated last Monday. (AFP) 



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A 


PAGE 8 


MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 


EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Jteralb 


PUBLISHED WTTK THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


tribune Immigration at Issue: A Globalization Debate 

- »» /iruinfrv 1 


Cop* 


What’s Going On? 


The Democrats ' new chairman, Roy 
Romer of Colorado, did right on Friday 
to acknowledge error and pledge a 
new, reformed style of fund-raising 
behavior on behalf of his party. But it 
seemed to us that something much 
more active, intense and deliberate had 
got the Clinton White House into its 
present troubles than the alleged mere 
failure of "screening** that the pres- 
ident likes to talk about (and lay off on 
the Democratic National Committee). 

The people whose money has had to 
be returned t to the tune of $3 million, 
so far) did not, from all the evidence, 
simply slip through the net in some 
random, inexplicable way. They were 
not a by-product of any simple break- 
down of screening procedures. The 
more important of them, in the first 
place, who brought others into the fold, 
have connections dating from Arkan- 
sas days with Bill Clinton. The Clinton 
White House brought them into na- 
tional Democratic Party politics, not 
the other way around. 

Again, the nature of many of the 
favor- and respectability-seeking 
money givers suggests that the word 
must have got around that you could 
gain marketable, perhaps personally 
extremely useful photo-op access to 
the president for a sufficient number of 
bucks. Is there some other way to ac- 
count for the fact that the adminis- 
tration was ushering into the presi- 
dent's presence a stream of folks that 
sometimes seemed to resemble an in- 
ternational "Ten Most Wanted" list? 
Let us remind you of a few of the more 
memorable visitors. 

Russ Barakai, the south Florida 
Democratic Party official. Five days 
after his coffee session at the White 
House in April 1995, he was indicted 
on criminal charges and ultimately 
convicted for tax evasion. A Florida 
newspaper was full of stories about his 
problems with the law before die ex- 
ecutive mansion get-together, but be 
was asked in for coffee anyway. 

Wang Jun, the Chinese business- 
man and head of a military-owned 
arms company. While part of the U.S. 
government was out investigating him 
for aliegedly smuggling arms into 
America, he was with Mr. Clinton at a 
White House coffee, courtesy of 
Charles Yah Lin Trie. 

Eric Wynn, whose $100,000 bail 
was revoked this past week because he 
failed to tell authorities about his live 
arrests since being sentenced for theft 
and tax offenses a while back. He was 
at the White House for coffee two days 
after a company partially controlled by 
him gave $25,000 to the Democratic 
National Committee. At the time he 
hooked up with the president, he bore 
the distinction of having been a twice- 
convicted felon. 

But that was only the beginning. Mr. 
Wynn — who was seeking a pres- 
idential pardon for himself — turned 
up last year at four other DNC fund- 
raisers involving the president, includ- 
ing one in which be, his attorney (a 
close presidential friend from Arkan- 
sas) and Mr. Clinton reportedly had a 
brief private chat Whatever about? 
The president, said White House press 
secretary Michael McCrary, "recalls 
no substantive private meeting with 
Mr. Wynn and is certain be never en- 
tertained any discussion of Mr. 
Wynn's legal situation." 

Jorge Cabrera of Miami, a Demo- 


cratic National Committee donor who 
was jailed on drug charges in the 
1980s. He turned up at a White House 
Christmas party, only to get caught a 
short time later with more than 5,000 
pounds of cocaine, for which he is now 
serving 19 years in jail. 

Chong Lo. Convicted of tax evasion 
in the 1980s under the name of Esther 
Cbu, she was another visitor for coffee 
with Mr. Clinton. She has since been 
arrested again on 14 charges of falsi- 
fying mortgage applications — to 
which she has pled not guilty. 

Roger Tamraz. While Interpol was 
looking for him all over the world 
under a 1989 international arrest war- 
rant on conspiracy and embezzlement 
charges, the fugitive from Lebanon 
was in Washington at the White House 
sipping coffee with the president. 

Here is another indicator, in our 
view, that somediing beyond a mere 
screening mishap befell the White 
House m these fund-raising trans- 
actions. It is die sheer number of 
times that some of the fund-raisers 
visited the White House. We dare say 
there are department bigwigs in the 
administration wbo haven't been there 
nearly as often. 

So what was actually going on dur- 
ing these recurrent White House ses- 
sions? At this stage, little is known 
about die purposes of die visits, who 
the visitors saw each time, what they 
did when they got there, or who au- 
thorized their entry to the White 
House. More should be known. 

Ponder just a few of the numbers 
we find so startling: John Huang vis- 
ited the White House 78 times in IS 
months (most of the money he raised 
in 1996 was returned, having been 
deemed inappropriate or from unlaw- 
ful foreign sources); the Thai busi- 
nesswoman and major Democratic 
Party donor Pauline Kanchanalak has 
been at the White House at least 26 
times since the president took office; 
the businessman and contributor 
Johnny Chung reportedly visited die 
White House at least 49 times. This 
was not a question of screening or 
failing to screen. These were people 
apparently well known to their White 
House hosts, people wbo had business 
to do at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue 
and went right in. 

Then there are the sleep-overs. The 
White House has disclosed that 900- 
plus individuals have spent a night at 
die White House since die Clintons 
moved in. More than a third of the 
sleep-overs were financial benefactors 
of Mr. Clinton or the DNC. 

Much more needs to be known about 
these sojourns — especially the num- , 
ber of visits and their dates in relation 
to events that preceded and followed. 
This is especially relevant where the 
visitors were not strangers at all, as a 
matter of fact, but persons involved in 
the other, related legal matters con- 
cerning the Clinton administration. 

Out conclusion about all this is 
threefold. It is that, first, a great deal 
more needs to be disclosed about all 
these transactions; second, it will be 
disclosed, as it has been to date, re- 
luctantly and in response to various 
events and pressures: and third, the 
odds are not great for a good and fair- 
minded congressional inquiry into the 
subject. For die moment that leaves 
Janet Reno in charge. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Lower the Index 


The Senate majority leader, Trent 
Lott, has bravely called for a com- 
mission to fix — more accurately, 
lower — the government's measure of 
inflation, the first step toward reducing 
Social Security payments to the elderly 
and raising personal income taxes. Re- 
vising that yardstick, the Consumer 
Price Index, would knock perhaps $1 
trillion off the deficit over 1 2 years and 
spread the burden of the budget cuts 
across the population. 

But President Bill Clinton and most 
congressional leaders — with the not- 
able exception of Senator Daniel 
Patrick Moynihan of New York — 
refused to take on the elderly and other 
beneficiaries of an overly generous in- 
flation gauge until Senator Loti made 
the first move. 

The Senate minority leader. Tom 
Daschle, has embraced the proposal. 
The White House expressed lukewarm 
acceptance. 

A panel of economists reported last 
year to Congress that the gauge was 
probably off by about one percentage 
point a year. The panel estimated that if 


Congress adjusted its benefit and tax 
schedules accordingly, it could reduce 
the deficit by about a third, or $60 
billion, by 2002. The correction would 
reduce Social Security benefits by an 
average of $100 next year, and raise 
taxes by about the same amount for a 
family earning $50,000. 

To fix the problem, Congress need 
not tamper with the actual computation 
of the index, which is produced by a 
professional, nonpartisan staff at the 
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Instead it 
could forthrightly acknowledge that 
the official measure is exaggerated, 
that a reliable measure is not yet avail- 
able and that it will make a reasonable 
correction for the purposes of adjusting 
federal spending and tax programs. 
But because the exact size of the cor- 
rection is uncertain. Congress should 
exempt disability benefits and other 
payments to the poor. 

Adjusting the Consumer Price Index 
is a better way to balance the budget 
than big cuts to public investments and 
other valuable federal programs. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


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P ARIS — The French have fused 
race and immigration into an ex- 
istential issue that now dominates their 
politics. The issue turns on their twin 
intellectual obsessions, history and cul- 
ture. But the boiling-hot debate over 
controlling immigration also has big 
implications for the faddish ’90s topic 
of economic globalization. 

In Parliament, the media and toe 
streets of Paris, the French are arguing 
about methods for cutting down on il- 
legal immigration by Africans. Arabs 
and Asians. Many French believe — in 
the face of evidence to the contrary — 
that clandestine immigration is the 
prime factor in their country’s record 
unemployment and in spreading crime. 

In this they do not differ greatly from 
many Americans, especially those in 
border states who bear an unfair share 
of the burdens they associate with His- 
panic and Caribbean immigration, or 
those Germans wbo would like to see 
Turkish workers and families who have 
lived 20 or more years in Germany 
return ‘"home" permanently. 

But this is one more thing the French 
do their own way. They debate im- 
migration more openly and honestly 
than do other industrial democracies. 
They agonize or exult over anti-im- 
migrant worker measures that do not 
differ significantly from chose already 
adopted, with little sustained fanfare, in 
the United States and Germany. 

The penchant for defining themselves 


By Jim Hoagland 


in political and ideological battle ex- 
plains in part why relations with foreign 
"visitors" have become an issue of na- 
tional identity as France sorts oat its 
place in Europe and the worid. 

In one sense, the chickens of the past 
are coming home to roost. The new 
immigration measures affect the peoples 
to whom the French once exported their 
culture and politics, as well as their 
goods, missionaries and army units to 
mahaain order in the colonies. 

But suddenly Africans, Arabs and 
Asians of modest means wbo thought 
they had been granted access to a world 
culture find that they are greeted with 
suspicion or even hostility if they seek 
to work in or visit France. The xeno- 
phobic National Front political party of 
Jean-Marie Le Pen promises to expel 
the estimated 3 million legal and illegal 
immigrants who have established 
homes in France, and open up 3 million 
jobs for French citizens. 


Polls show that the legislation is 
broadly popular. Most of the contro- 
versy and protests have centered on one 
incredibly insensitive clause that 
would have required French hosts of 
foreign visitors to file reports with the 
police when the foreigners left the 
hosts’ homes. That earned unaccept- 
able echoes of France’s collaboration- 
ist past in World War H. when Jews 


irat controversy in country ane 
JSlntiy, even though *ey **“} 
stimulated by the global meefaa ttod 
entertainment industry, and by 
practices of world business, to seek 
bSJS standards of living wherever 

they can find them. 

As they tighten immigration con- 
trols, the French are also channeling the 
development funds they spend in 
from which immi- 


isi Lioai iu nuiiu mar u, wucu r; — _ - 

were reported to Nazi authorities for Africa into areas from 
j . S . -r-, . nnu,c an> heavieSL W( 


its fourth city hall in southern France, 
and President Jacques .Chirac’s con- 
servative majority in the National As- 
sembly fears that the far right will take 
seats from it in next year's parliamen- 
tary balloting. To preempt Mr. Le Pen, 
the government introduced legislation 
giving the police greater powersto look 
for and detain unregistered aliens. 


emment quickly modified, the clause to 
eliminate the informer requirement. 

France’s conscience is uneasy, about 
the Vichy era and about what it pro- 
poses to do to its former colonial wards, 
who made significant contributions to 
building the modem French economy. 

ButiheFieDcfa dilemma is in fact only 
an exposed catting edge of a problem 
faced, by other industrial democracies 
that have become magnets for immi- 
grant workers and families in this era of 
global communications, easy travel and 
easy trade and capital movement. 

Money, goods, technology and ideas 
move across increasingly permeable 
national frontiers with ease. This is the 
core of "globalization," which in 
many ways recreates the mercantile 
conditions of colonial empires, minus 
the missionaries and troops. 

But people who move across borders 
for work — especially those from cul- 
turally and racially distinct commu- 
nities — have become a source of potit- 


and our culture, the French action sug- 
gests. but to do so chez vous- 

That may sound terribly cynical, u 
not vaguely racist But the French di- 
lemma should offer food for thought 
for the law-, policy- and opinion- 
makers of America, now the world s 
greatest cultural and economic magnet, ' 
major harvester of the fruits of glob- 
alization and source of the most power- 
ful dreams of a more glamorous life. 

In recent years the actions and words 
of America’s leaders have undermined 
the United Nations and other inter- 
national bodies. They have not sup- 
ported expanding the work of the 
Worid Bank and other development 
organizations. 

The French are wrestling, however 
imperfectly, with the responsibilities 
that their actions and attiiudes toward 
other peoples create. Can Americans 
make the same claim? 

The Washington Post. 


Don’t Ignore the Common Agenda America Has With China 


W ASHINGTON — The 
Deng funeral, the Al- 


YY Deng funeral, the Al- 
bright drop-by in Beijing, the 
unrelenting furor over the terms 
of engagement with China — 
these tell us of a measure of 
American policy tension un- 
matched in respect to any other 
contemporary place or problem. 
For guidance, we can profitably 
start, though not raid, with 
Robert Kagan’s case for a new 
strategy of containment in the 
Weekly Standard of Jan. 20. 

Mr. Kagan has had it with 
what be describes as the pre- 
vailing bipartisan policy of en- 
gagement, which offers sunny 
assumptions about China's fu- 
ture and about the helpful role 
America can play in shaping it 
No. he says, the way to deal with 
a dissatisfied emerging power 
like China is not to adjust to it 
but to make it adjust to you. 


By Stephen S. Rosenfdd 


The Chinese cannot be 
coaxed into a responsible re- 
spect for the rules raid norms of 
trie international system. They 
see that order as something that 
must be changed if they are to 
hold their power and realize their 
ambitions. It threatens them, as it 
threatened and finally swal- 
lowed Mikhail Gorbachev when 
he tried to integrate his country 
peacefully into it The Chinese 
ruling class knows this. 

You get Mr. Kagan's thrust. 
Do not alter the system to make it 
easier for China to reap one- 
sided advantages from it. In- 
stead, work for political change 
in Beijing. Strengthen America *s 
military capabilities and posture. 
Impose stiff sanctions when 
China is caught cheating on pro- 
liferation or Hong Kong. Deny 


China most-fkvored-nation sta- 
tus to make the Chinese open 
their system. Block their entry to 
the World Trade O rganizati on 
and the Group of Seven until 
they meet their standards. 

Give Mr. Kagan high marks 
for a frontal attack on a policy 
problem that most of us just 
snipe at around the edges. He is 
right in his central insight that 
the Chinese want the economic 
fruits but not the political risks. 
They are deeply suspicious, and 
with reason, of the poison apple 
— the openness and freedom of 
the Western system that we in- 
vite them to bite into. 

Most of our debate centers on 
jiggling the degrees of pressure 
on China over its human rights 
policy — an important but riot 
exclusive American concern. 


But actually, and oddly, 
America’s policy is in some re- 
spects better than its debate. 
When China muscled Taiwan 
last year, for instance. President 
Bill Clinton sent in the Seventh 
Fleet. That was containment in 
the old and clear Cold War 
style. It was. a good thing to do, 
and it met with general approval 
at home and in Asia. 

Even while noting this partial 
turn from engagement to con- 
tainment. however, Mr. Kagan 
does not draw the proper con- 
clusion from it He r hinks that to 
tty to find a line that borrows 
from the two policy tendencies 
is to court the worst of both. 

In fact, we Americans axe 
headed on a flexible middle 
course, and not simply because 
we cannot make up our minds. 
The situation is genuinely am- 
biguous and invites an "agile’’ 


Yes, of Course, Political Liberty for Asians, Too 


H ONG KONG — For more 
than 50 years, in country 


XX than 50 years, in country 
after country, Asians have 
shown passion for political 
liberty and, if it cranes to that, 
readiness to fight for it Today’s 
dictators, like yesterday's colo- 
nialists, proclaim that political 
rights are notan Asian value. But 
they live in perpetual fear be- 
cause they know that they are. 

The reality that Asians by the 
millions have struggled to get or 
keep freedom is ignored in the 
West Japan and India hold onto 
the democracy into which they 
emerged after World War H. The 
Philippines, which lost it, seizes 
it back in an election. South 
Korea and Taiwan create it for 
themselves; other Asian cations 
move closer. But the lie lives on 
— Asians don't really want it 
and can't handle it. 

In Hong Kong, betrayal is 
added to falsehood. People who 
have benefited most by freedom 


By A.M. Rosenthal 


— businessmen, politicians and 
bureaucrats from tbe city and 
abroad — act as though the fu- 
ture belongs to the world's dan- 
gerous but dwindling gang of 
tyrannies. They tell tbe people 
of this magnificent explosion of 
a city that they will be just as 
free after China's takeover on 
July 1 — and if by chance not, 
learn to kiss your chains. 

"Keeping faith in Hong 
Kong' ’ is a brochure by top for- 
eign and Hong Kong Chinese 
businessmen. A few pages glow 
with all the promises made by 
China to preserve Hong Kong's 
freedoms — most of them 
already scrapped 

Then, page by page, top ex- 
ecutives announce that Hong 
Kong will be richer and better 
off in Beijing's approaching 
world Citibank, Exxon, Toy- 
ota, Morgan Stanley, Coca- 


Cola, Sony, Volkswagen and 
other major brands. 

Martin Lee shows me anoth- 
er document He makes his liv- 
ing as a barrister and his place in 
history as tbe head of the Demo- 
cratic Party, which Beijing is 
squeezing out of public life. 

Mr. Lee keeps faith in Hong 
Kong his way. He travels the 
world searching for leaders who 
will lend a word of support for 
liberties which tbe Chinese 
have already let Hong Kong 
know will be drastically re- 
designed and reduced when 
they take power — freedom of 
the press, freedom to organize 
politically, that sort He is not 
getting very far. 

Tbe document is a law signed 
by President George Bush in 
1992. Like Mr. Lee, it recog- 
nizes Hong Kong as a part of 
China. But it says that demo- 


A Tawdry White House Story 


W ASHINGTON — The 
tawdry tale of White 


YV tawdry tale of White 
House hospitality to fat-cat 
donors continues to unfold 
destroying one sham defense 
that Bill Clinton tried to erect, 
but leaving a more important 
question unanswered. 

When the stories about il- 
legal foreign donations and 
tbe other campaign money 
horrors began to appear, the 
president tried to pretend it 
had nothing to do with him. 

After his re-election, when 
a reporter asked about "these 
allegations of improper fund- 
raising by your campaign," 
he interrupted. Wait, he said, 
there had been no allegations 
about improper funding of his 
campaign. 

"Well, by tbe Democratic 
Party." the reporter said. 

"That was the other cam- 
paign that had problems with 
that, not mine.’ 

At another point, he blamed 
“Democratic Party officials” 
for failing to review properly 
the White House guest lists. 

* ‘In areas where we had direct 
control ... the proper decisions 
were made," ne said. 


By David S. Broder 


paign. But now we know that 
Mr. Clinton himself author- 
ized and encouraged White 
House goodies, including use 
of the Lincoln Bedroom, for 
big contributors to the party, 
not just his own campaign. 

Thai fig leaf removed, what 
remains unclear is what the 
favorite journalistic word 
"access" means to Mr. Clin- 
ton. or to other poIs. What is 
this commodity? The implic- 
ation is that access equals in- 
fluence. It may or may noL 

A Republican friend, who 
worked in the White House 
for Richard Nixon and Ronald 
Reagan and who despises Mr. 
Clinton, said: "Some of these 
donors really just warn the 
thrill of meeting the president 
and being able to go home and 
tell their friends about it. Oth- 
ers want a lot more — and 
those are the ones you have to 


journalists who recently have 
been invited to intimate ses- 
sions with the president. They 
have access because they are 
presumed to have influence 
with the public, but they find 
nothing wrong in that 
Sensible campaign reform, 
in my view, will not come 
from some utopian notion of 
frying to equalize access to de- 


cratization and human rights in 
Hong Kong are "directly rel- 
evant" to American interests 
and policy and will remain so 
after June 30, 1997. Mr. Lee 
suggests that the present U.S. 
policy of ignoring the future of 
human rights in Hong Kong 
breaks America’s own law. 

Well, just what do you want 
the United States to do? I ask, a 
little blustery with embarrass- 
ment. He has a modest wish list. 
Maybe President Bill Clinton 
might dis invite the president of 
China to the United Slates? Or 
himself and Vice President A1 
Gore from their planned pil- 
grimages to Beijing? 

Fat chance, I say, but to my- 
self. After all, I am an American 
and have the human right to be 
ashamed of my country’s shell 
game, the suckering of Hong 
Kong and mainland Chinese 
who have pur their own faith in 
America on the table. 

Tung Chee-hwa is fbe busi- 
nessman appointed by Beijing 
to be Hong Kona’s chief ex- 
ecutive after midnight June 30. 
He has some things in common 
with Mr. Lee — warmth and 
good manners. He says to trust 
him, tiie new Hong KoDg will 
not violate political rights. Per- 
haps I could trust him. he is so 
pleasant — but the gulag keep- 
ers he is serving? 

No, I will stick with Martin 
Lee and the other millions of 
Asians wbo know that political 
and human liberties are part of 
their values and want them so 
much that dictatorships tremble. 

The New York Times. 


— in David Abshire's useful 
word — strategy. 

China is neither a sure threat 
nor a certain partner. We must 
guard against the one possib- 
ility and cultivate the other. 
This may be tricky to carry off 
but is not hard to understand. 

Mr. Kagan's definition of the 
choice as lying between con- 
tainment and appeasement be- 
trays, offensively, a Lack of con? 
fidence in his own argumengj 
There has to be such a thing as 
prudent engagement. 

If China were an enemy 
country, then the Kagan prog- 
nosis would be on tbe mark. But 
it is misleading to depict China 
as a Soviet-like work in pro- 
gress. China is a large and chan- 
ging country of unique design 
with which America has a com- 
plex relationship. To act as 
though it is all one thing or the 
other and not something in be- 
tween is to commit ourselves to 
a course that risks making our 
nightmares come true. 

The experience of the Soviet 
Union’s downfall hangs over 
our approaches to China. Par- 
tisan answers, designed to jus- 
tify past policy choices, are still 
being given to tbe question of 
whether it was Ronald Rea- 
gan's pressure, Mr. Gorba- 
chev’s gutsy genius or the poi- 


son apple that brought down 
communism and the Soviet em- 


cisicm-makere by all 260 mil- 
lion Americans. No Legislation 


communism and the Soviet em- 
pire. As long we have no cov 
sens us on Russia, it hardly 
makes sense to take a one-sided 
inflamed reading of China. 

Hemy S. Rowen of the 
Hoover Institution gets it right: 
“We should not assume that 
China will inevitably become a 
threat to U.S. interests. We have 
a common interest with China 
in seeing Lis people prosper and 
at peace, in dealing with en- 
vironmental problems, and in 
coping with the dangers asso- 
ciated with the spread of 
weapons capable of mass de- 
struction. This common agenda 
would be better advanced if 
China were a member of the 
various organizations that make 
the rules on such matters. ^ 

“Nonetheless, American efi? 
ticism of China’s human rights 
violations should and will con- 
tinue. but it should not be linked 
to trade issues. Our criticism 
will have increasing resonance 
inside a China with a better- 
educated and informed popu- 
lation that has access ro great! v 
improved telecommunications, 
a China that is growing freer 
year by year." 

When will China become a 
democracy? Mr. Rowen sees it 
coming around 2015. 

The Washington Post. 


iguuiicu iu raici ouuuniuca* wi ~ „ VJe want VOU 1 

deportation to death camps. The gov- grant flows are beavteS. -—yWts I 
eminent auicldv modified the clause to to continue to partake _°f°*** ? 


lion Americans. No legislation 
will control a politician's pen- 
chant for listening to some 
folks and ignoring others. 

I was more disturbed by 
learning from Bob Wood- 
ward's book “Tbe Agenda” 
that Mr. Clinton had decided 
to grant access to his cam- 
paign consultants, Paul 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Powers’ Threat 


Begala and James Carville. as 
foil participants in the 1993 


ulmg to review properly keep away from the man.” 
Vhite House guest lists. We do know one thing: The 
ireas where we had direct single most valuable corn- 
el ... the proper decisions modify in political Washing- 
made, ' ’ he said. ton is the time and attention of 


This effort to make the 
Democratic National Com- 
mittee and its heads (Chris 
Dodd of Connecticut and 
Donald Fowler of South Car- 
olina) the fall guys in this 
fiasco was ludicrous to any- 
one who knew how tightly the 
White House was riding herd 
on the DNC during the cam- 


the president. Those who get 
it, by any device, are priv- 
ileged over those who do not. 

But not all those people get 
there because they nave emp- 
tied their wallets. Some of the 
columns decrying the ex- 
cesses of the campaign finance 
system and calling for its re- 
form have been written by 


full participants in the 1993 
deliberations on his first 
budget and economic plan. 1 
have a hunch that some of 
those businessmen-donois 
could have contributed more 
to sound public policy than 
two guys who make TV ads 
and "spin” the press. But I 
know no way to curb such a 
presidential penchant. 

Forget the equal-access chi- 
mera. Focus on influence- 
peddling cases. Write a cam- 
paign finance bill thai will cre- 
ate conditions for more equal 
competition for more offices. 
And tell Mr. Clinton, once 
again, that blame-shifting is 

unbecoming a president. 

The Washington Post. 


ATHENS — A Note was de- 
livered to the Foreign Minister 
by the representatives of the six 
Great Powers. It demands the 
withdrawal of the Greek troops 
and fleet from Cretan territory 
and waters within six days, under 
the threat of coercive measures. 
The Powers are agreed upon two 
points: they cannot allow the an- 
nexation of Crete to Greece in 
any format present, and they are 
p r epared to endow Crete with a 
complete scheme of autonomy. 


men have not only invaded, 
every field of masculine activity 
recently, but have begun to sm 
persede men in these fields. W<? 
roan is courted by business men, 
and politicians fear her influ- 
ence. In addition, she i* getting 
more advertising than mere man 
ever got, occupying fust p i ace m 
the news of the day. 


1947: German Assets 


1922: Women to Rule 


NEW YORK — Fifty-five years 
from now. in 1 977, women will 
rule the worid. and men will do 


LONDON Tbe Committee 
for the Study of European 
Questions, which reported the 
existence of a Nazi under- 
ground four weeks before the 
recent roun«i-up of its leaders 
renewed its charges against the 
Swiss and Argentine govern- 
ments over the harboring of 


Ralph Powers, of the University 
of Southern California, The rea- 
son Professor Powers gives for 


his bold prediction is that wo- 


keeping out of reach of ih e 
lies assets which the Nazis 
transferred to Switzerland be- 
fore the collapse of Germunv 






Hoechst is an international group of companies spearheading innovation in h e a lt h care, agriculture anu 


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Coffee Nerves and Harrumphisms 


By William Safire 


W A *™ — •‘Controver- 
M . a L S “" Gore- is 


^^^£“£5 

SL* 5 ° n «*> v ?rsy about the Sipoct- 

m ? f u beai ' sfrom Colombia? 
rtf . “*new use of coffee is now part 
of the lexicon of funny fund-raising. 

rh* r^ C y? “"X chance examining 
the recent Starbuckian rise of the word 

coffee in political journalism?*’ asks 
Hat Ryan of The New York Times 
News Semce. She cites this front-page 
headline over a Times article by Steph- 
en Labaton, the journalistic J avert on 
the irail of the fund-raising campaign 
trail: “No Background Checks Done 
on Guests at Clinton Coffee." 

And Leslie Eaton leads a feature 
piece with “O.K., so you have had 
coffee at the Clinton White House, your 
photo on the cover of Fortune." This 
calk to mind Bunny Bengali's version 
of the 1936 Gershwin song “I Can’t Get 
Started ': “I’ve been consulted by 
Franklin D. / Greta Garbo has had me to 
tea." 

The noun tea. which meant a bever- 
age, was given a new sense of “a meal 
or social entertainment at which tea is 
served" by Jonathan Swift in “Polite 
Conversations" (1738): “Whether 
they meet at . . . Meals, Tea. or Visits.” 
In the same way, in our time and as a 
result of the Clinton-Gore fund-raising 
efforts, the noun coffee is undergoing 
the same sense-stretching treatment. 

Compounds have long been formed 
based on this beverage, from coffee 
break to coffee -cake to coffee-table 
book. Tht White House gatherings are 


based on the German Kaffeeklatsch, or 
"coffee party.” (Klatsch is German 
for “the noise of gossip, the sound of 
conversation that mingles with the clat- 
tering of cups and the measuring-out of 
life in coffee spoons, Pruffock-style.) 

Coffee, not preceded by the article a 
or the. is the drink; a coffee or the 
coffee, meaning “the meeting at which 
coffee was served," is now die event. 


□ 


Clearly, something must be done; 
basically, the problem is this; 

Clearly and basically have been re- 
duced to throat -cl earing, attention -de- 
manding words. The new meaning of 
both is “I’m here. Shut up and listen.” 
A third harrumphism is actually. 


R-W. Ap|3le. Washington bureau chief 


and chief Washington correspondent of 
The New York Times, came barreling 
into my office to denounce the widely 
prevalent insinuation of actually into 
sentences where it adds no emphasis or 
intensification. "Kids use it all the time 
these days — 'Actually I think I’ll go 
out.' Or travel agents — i can actually 
get you a flight tomorrow. ’ " 

Perhaps the rise of the need to assert 
actuality has been stimulated by the 
cyberese popularity of virtual, which is 
artificial actuality. But beware of har- 
rumphisms and other words that do no 
hard communications work. As Alistair 
Cooke likes to say in making this point. 
“Long period of time no see.” 


□ 


Is America in danger of being seized 
with absolutism? Used to be, yes was 
the preferred affirmation. The military 
tried a variant: affirmative. Now all we 
hear is absolutely. 

William Abbott of Westport. Con- 


necticut, notes that today's vogue word 
for eager assent and unquestioning as- 
surance is not only pervasive but ana- 
chronistic: “I heard Mel Gibson give 
an emphatic absolutely! at least twice 
in his 13th-century epic ‘Brave- 
heart.’ ” The adverb did not appear in 
the English language until the 14th 
century, in the sense of “certainly, 
positively,” and not until 1597 did 
Shakespeare use it to mean “conclus- 
ively. finally, unreservedly.” 

A bsolutely-waichers note what Ab- 
bott calls “a corrective to the world's 
insincerity" in the movie “The Eng- 
lish Patient,'' written and directed by 
Anthony Minghella. The character of 
Almasy. played by Ralph Fiennes, is 
trapped with Katherine (Kristin Scott- 
Thomas) in their vehicle during a 
North African sandstorm. When she 
asks if they will be all right, he replies, 
“Yes. yes. absolutely" She differen- 
tiates nicely between straigbr assur- 
ance and strained overassurance with 
"Yes is a comfort, absolutely is not.” 

This dramatic observation shows 
how the overuse of absolutely is weak- 
ening the word, introducing an im- 
purity to absolution. (Yes. absolutely 
comes from the Latin absoiur, past par- 
ticiple of absolve re. “to set free." ) We 
in die vanguard of the ami-absolutely 
movement do not suggest that speakers 
go to the formal extreme of without 
qualification, unequivocally, unques- 
tionably or the colloquially dated yes 
indeedy. But whenever one word races 
triumphantly through die language, are 
we not better off to cut it down to size? 
Isn’t it better to live in synonym, set 
free from voguish convention? 

You beL Right on. Without a scin- 
tilla of doubt. 

New York Times Service 


BOOKS 


CONFESSIONS OF A SPY: 

The Real Story of Aldrich Ames 

By Pete Earley. Illustrated. 364 pages. 

$27 JO. GJP. Putnam’s Satis. 

Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

A T the opening of his curious new 
book, Pete Earley, a journalist de- 
scribes the obstacles he laced in gaining 
direct access to his subject who is widely 
considered to have been die most valu- 
able source the Soviet Union ever had 
inside American intelligence. 

Among these obstacles was the spin 
that the U.S. government was putting on 
its capture of Arnes. Earley writes: 
"From the moment of his arrest on Feb. 
21, 1994, the CIA and the FBI had 
engaged in a two-pronged public re- 
lations attack. Retired and anonymous 
CIA employees characterized Ames^as . 
an inconsequential, bumbling bureau- 
crat who spent most afternoons napping 
at his desk. The FBI, meanwhile, 
dazzled die media with a series of self- 
serving briefings.” 

"Such government hogwash made me 
skeptical," Earley continues. He then 
raises what seem like two crushingly 
logical objections to the government’s 
position; "If Ames was such an incom- 
petent boob, why had the CIA given him 
access to its choicest secrets? And if the 
FBI had really done such a swell job. why 
had it taken nine years to catch him? 
There had to be more to this stoiy than the 
public was being told.” 

In the following 350 pages, Earle y 
tries to tell the real story. As he interprets 
it, Ames was highly competent at the 


craft of espionage and was told the 
choicest secrets because he was trusted. 
His cleverness was what made him so 
hand to catch, but an intrepid team of CIA 
investigators eventually prevailed. The 
FBI didn't even join the bunt until it was 
asked to help in 1991. Yet. in Earley's 
view, the FBI got all the credit because h 
prevailed in a battle of bureaucracies. 

Unfortunately, this interpretation 
doesn’t fit the facts as he relates them. In 
his account, Ames kept being given 
important assignments despite poor per- 
formance ratings, drunkenness, insub- 
ordination and other erratic behavior. 
Although faced wiib difficult obstacles, 
die CIA team kept missing obvious 
clues to what Ames was doing. And 
while it's true the FBI didn’t join the 
hunt until very late in the game, you 
have to wonder why the game took so 
long. 

Saeven judging by Earley's version, 
of what happened, you find the more 
obvious explanation for the govern- 
ment’s “two-pronged public relations 
attack” to be simply that the CIA had 
goofed and the FBI had got the job 
done. 

None of this is exactly news, of course. 
Despite Earley's many boasts of being 
the first to get die true stoiy. his account 
does not substantially improve on those 
that emerged from the four previous 
books on die Ames case published in 
1995: “Sellout,” by James Adams; 
“Killer Spy." by Fete - Maas; "Betray- 
al,'' by Tun Werner, David Johnston and 
Neil A. Lews, and "Nighnnovex,” by 
David Wise. 

Nor is “Confessions of a Spy" nar- 
rated with much drama. A former re- 


author previously of “Family of Spies: 
Inside the John Walker Spy Ring" and 
“The Hot House; Life Inside Leaven- 
worth Prison,” among other books. Ear- 
ley keeps dropping the thread of his stoiy 
to pursue new steps in the game of es- 
pionage that was played between the 
CIA and the KGB. like Harpo Marx 
trying to fool his mirror image. But be- 
cause the characters are hard to tell apart 
(except of course for Ames himself and 
his demanding second wife, Maria del 
Rosario Casas), the story is often con- 
fusing. 

What's strikingly new in Earley’s 
telling of the Ames story is his access to 
the subject. In the book's opening 
chapter, the author describes how 
through a combination of luck and guile 
he outsmarted a prison bureaucracy to 
talk alone with Ames for more than 50 
hours. Using these talks and nearly 500 
pages of letters that Ames wrote to him, 
Earley intersperses his ihird-person nar- 
rative with comments by Ames him- 
self. 

But these don't shed very much light 
on the case. True, the acuteness of his 
self-analysis reveals Ames to be a man 
of somewhat more dimension than pre- 
vious books have done. But he has so 
many explanations for his behavior — 
from political disillusionment to bore- 
dom to self-amusement to fear of debt to 
avarice to self-importance to self-dis- 
gust to a simple love of intrigue — that 
ultimately all the motives cancel one 
another out. 


Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on 
the staff of The New York Times. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 


M EL Cokhamiro of Mer- 
rick, the 1996 Long Is- 
land Player of the Year, was 
trying to add to a string of 
recent successes at the Long 
Island Spring Regionals re- 
cently. . , 

With his wife, Janet, he 
qualified for the North Amer- 
ican Pairs playoffs in Dallas. 
Before that, at the Beverly 
Club, 1 30 East 57th Street, be 
squeezed out a narrow victory 
in a Grand National Teams 
match with help from the 
diagramed deal. 


As South, he reached five 
clubs after East had opened 
with a weak two-diamond 
bid. East won the opening 
diamond lead and shifted 
passively to a trump. South 
won in his hand and imme- 
diately led a spade to 
dummy's king. East, caught 
off guard, played low, which 
proved to be a fatal error. 
Colchamiro ruffed a dia- 


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failure to unblock his spade 
queen at the third nick. 


Both sides mre vulnerable The bid- 
ding.' 

East South West North 

2 6 3* 3« 5* 

Pass Pass Pass 

West led the diamond nine. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

1 poet Sandburg 
5 Sand bar 
10 Jemima, e.g- 
i« Guy with art 
Irish Rose 
is ‘College Bowl 
host Robert 

16 Chew (on) 

17 Otf-COlor 
10 New York 

theater aware 

20 Escalator 
alternative 

21 Boat propellers 

23 ‘ Mane’ 

24 Tear-jerker In 
the kitchen 

a*-B8lcf baby 

and 


28 Big toe woe 

30 Patsy's pal on 
TV’s ‘Absolutely 
Fabulous' 

si Dapper Wtow 

32 Foe 

34 Numbskull 
37 Catch Sight of 
39 Saccharine 
41 Garbage boat 
43 Chartres 
chapeau 
44 ‘Deutschland 
Cibaf — " 

48 High season, on 
the Riviera 
47 Before the due 

date 

46 African 
antelopes 

31 Actress Loren 


53 Four-time Gold 
Glove winner 
Garvey 

5 4 Chicken 

king 

as platter 

(Polynesian 
menu choice) 
sr Bug's antenna 
81 What no! to yefl 
in a crowded 

theater 
ea Off-key 

68 Tied, as a score 
88 Revolutionary 
patriot AHen 
erLo-cai 

86 Funnyman Foxx 
se Homed zoo 

beast 

TOSonofSelh 


Solution to Piuzfe of Feb. 28 


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gaana 


1 Elliot of the 
Mamas and the 
Papas 

2 Be next to 

3 Latvia’s capital 

4 French Foreign 



3 Rap or jam 
periods 
6 Stetson, eg. 
TBeteigeuse’s 
constellation 
* Thomas 
Edison s middle 
name 
9 Looked 
lecherous! y 


10 In the past 

11 0ff-C8nter 
is Innocent 

ta Sound from an 
aviary 

itSgt.Bflko 
29 Stated 

as Street sign with 
an arrow 

27 Wildebeests 

28 Pedestal 

29 Off-guard 

30 Embroidered 
hole 

31 Cotillion V.l.P. 
33 Director Brooks 
asBunkhouse 

beds 

so Female sheep 
38 "You bet!' 

48 It's used lor a 
call in Madrid 
48 Excursion 
48 Lifeguard, 
sometimes 

48 Giver of 

compliments 

so Thread's 
partner 

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Minutes' 


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INTERNATIONAL 


Q&A / Jacques Rupnik 


Albania’s Elusions: Life as a Lottery 


The outburst of anti -government vi- 
olence in Albania is the latest case of 
Balkan instability, apparently caused 
by the failure of democracy and 
prosperity to emerge faster from the 
ashes of Communist rule. Jacques 
Rupnik. director of research at the 
Center for International Studies in 
Paris, talked with Joseph Fitchett of 
the Herald Tribune about likely scen- 
arios in the Albanian crisis. 


Q. How big a challenge for Pres- 
ident Sail Berisha of Albania are these 
scattered revolts? Do you discern a 
pattern in the outbreaks? 

A. The regime is in deep trouble. It is 
virtually a revolutionary situation be- 
cause the political crisis has erupted 
against a background of social chaos. If 
crowds are overrunning police stations 
and army barracks and oisanning their 
occupants, as reports suggest, it means 
that state authority is crumbling be- 
cause some forces are not resisting. 

The insurrectional movement seems 
strongest in southern Albania, where 
the ex-Communist opposition is rooted, 
and is threatening to move north against 
the heartland of President Berisha. 

We’re seeing another example of a 
new Balkan democracy threatening to 
collapse because it lacks the political 
foundations and understanding to as- 
similate quickly Western-style politics 
and a market economy. Just as in Bul- 
garia and in Serbia, the government is 
being challenged by people in the 
street In Tirana, this was sparked by 
the fact that both sides think that they 


should have the money from the failed 
investment schemes. Ordinary people 
want their money back because they 
feel that the government should have 
protected them, but plenty of govern- 
ment ministers saw the get-rich-quick 
scams as a source for funds they 
needed for last year's electoral cam- 
paign and perhaps their own pockets. 

The dispute reveals the illusions 
there about capitalism, involving work 
and savings and a limited role for gov- 
ernment, and the tendency of people in 
power to think that everything belongs 
to them. Albania, you could say, just 
traded the Communist illusion for an- 
other illusion, of life as a lottery. 


Q. Have Albania's troubles caught 
the rest of the world by surprise? 

A. Actually, the rral surprise was 
that Albarna started off as well as it did. 
When it threw off 45 years of dictatorial 
nile, it was the last and poorest of the 
new democracies, and lots of people 
expected the country, where clan pol- 
itics ran even deeper than totalitari- 
anism. lots of people expected a bloody 
collapse into vendettas and disorder. 

Instead, six years on, Albania has 
had two elections, the first won by the 
ex-Communists, the second won by 
Berisha' s Democratic Party in 1992. 
Then last year, Mr. Berisha ‘s party 
stayed in power in elections marred by 
widespread allegations of abuses. That 
outcome has smoldered ever since, 
with no outlet in a functioning Par- 
liament and therefore, finally, resort to 
the streets. 


Q. Is political turmoil in Albania li- 
able to spill over and inflame the Ba* - 
kans? _ 

A- It's a worrying possibility. Until 
now, things have actually been heading 
in the other direction. President Ber- 
isha chose to concentrate on economic 
change, and, no matter how clumsny 
he did it. he kepi Albanians from get- 
ting involved in nationalistic causes. 

This was true throughout the break- 
up of Yugoslavia, and more recently, 
relations have improved with Greefie- 
But the situation is so fragile in Kosovo, 
the Albanian-populated province of 
Serbia, that there are always tempta- 
tions for factions in Belgrade or Tirana 
to stir up the situation there to divert 
attention from failures at home. 

The nationalistic card might even be 
played by the opposition in Belgrade or 
Tirana — with destabilizing effects in 
Kosovo. Fighting there would almost 
certainly cause a wave of Albanian 
refugees — some over the border to 
Macedonia, increasing regional ten- 
sions. and many into Albania itself. 

Q. Do you see any steps that might 
defrjise the confrontation in Albania? 

A. Concessions to the protesters 
could include punishment for people 
behind the investment swindles. Per- 
haps some funds could be found to ease 
the economic shocks and hardship. The 
key outside role falls to the united 
States, which brokered the Albanian 
reconciliation with Greece. Now it will 
have to encourage new elections under 
international supervision, which seem 
the only way out for Albania. 


t 


H, 


porter for The Washington Post and the 
iously of “Famil 



FIT FOR A KING — Jordanian orphans cheering Sunday after learning that King Hussein has ordered 
that his Hasbemiyah Palace, a guest house to royalty and presidents, be converted into a children’s home. 


GERMANY: CDU Wins in Frankfurt 


Continued from Page 1 


improvement of more than four points 
over its showing in the 1993 election. 

The Social Democrats dropped to 
30.3 percent from a previous score of 32 
percent, but the loss was less severe than 
opinion polls bad predicted. The Greens 
party, which is aiming to share power 
with the Social Democrats at the national 
level, scored 1 6 J percent fora rwo-poinr 
gain over 1993. 

The Free Democrats were struggling 
to cross the 5 percent threshold needed to 
be represented in the city council, while 
the far-right Republicans appeared to be 
the biggest losers, dropping to 5.9 per- 
cent. or more than three points below 
their score four years ago. 

Frankfurt is the seat of the country's 
banks and one of Germany's most cos- 


mopolitan cities, with foreigners making 
up fully a quarter of the population. This 
was the first local election in which 
citizens from other European Union 
countries living in Hesse were allowed 
to vote. 

With political leaders from all parties 
joining the rallies across Hesse in recent 
weeks and trying to affect the outcome, 
Mr. Kohl himself plunged into the cam- 
paign and acknowledged that the Hesse 
results would provide an important har- 
binger of the 1998 national election. 

Mr. Kohl 's coalition, made up of his 
CDU and its Bavarian sister party, the 
Christian Social Union, and the Free 
Democrats, has held power since 1982. 


But polls suggest that if a general elec- 
allis 


tion "were held now, the alliance would 
lose its majority in the Bundestag, or 
lower house of Parliament. 


German Social Democrat Said to Back 
A ‘Grand Coalition’ With Kohl’s Party 


International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Gerhard 
Schroeder, a leader in the opposition 
Social Democratic Party, has begun to 
mobilize members ofhis party in favor 


of a “grand coalition” government 

tKoI " “ ‘ 


with Chancellor Helmut Kohl ’s Chris- 
tian Democratic Union, according to 
the weekly newsmagazine Der 
Spiegel. 

The report follows weeks of spec- 
ulation that only a formal alliance of 
die two biggest parties would be able 
to forge a national consensus on the 
unemployment crisis, tax reform and 
ways to make the German economy 
more competitive — along with deni- 
als that any effort at such an alliance is 

under way. 

Although Mr. Kohl has been a 


fierce opponent of the idea of a grand 
coalition, the Free Democratic Party, 
the junior partner in Mr. Kohl’s co- 
alition, is said to be worried about 
such a prospect, which could force it 
into opposition. 

According to the Spiegel account. 
Mr. Schroeder won support for a re- 
shaped coalition among 18 of his 
party's parliamentary members at a 
meeting last week in Bonn. 

Any initiative to recast Bonn's gov- 
ernment, which Mr. Schroeder said 
should be done as soon as possible and 
before next year’s elections, must 
come from the Social Democrats. Mr. 
Schroeder said. 

“We must tell the Union: ‘Get rid 
of the FDPand let us work together,’ ” 
Mr. Schroeder was quoted as saying. 


CLONE: In Another First, U.S. Scientists Replicate Two Monkeys 

Continued from Page I 


they were cloned from different em- 
bryos. But researchers said that the tech- 
nique could be used to create eight or 
more identical monkeys from a single 
embryo, and that further advances could 
lead to the ability 10 make clones of 
adults as well. 

The work, at the federally funded fa- 
cility. has yet to be published in a sci- 
entific journal. , 

The monkeys were creaied in a two- 


step technique. First, researchers created 
several monkey embryos using a stan- 
dard in vitro fertilization method of mix- 
ing eggs from asingle female with sperm 
in a petti dish. Once the embryos had 
divided into eight cells. Dr. Wolf and 
colleagues teased apart the embryos' 
cells. 

In the second step, the scientists took 
one full set of chromosomes from each 
embryo cell and inserted each batch into 
a fresh egg cell whose DNA had been 
removed. Each of those cells then had 


the potential 10 become a new embryo 
Nine successfully developed into em- 
bryos and were implanred into female 
monkeys, three of whom became pree- 
nant. One fetus died. 6 


■ Pope Attacks Experiments 


Pope John Paul H, apparently in a' 
reference 10 the cloning debate, spoke 
out Sunday against all those who abused 
human dignity with "dangerous exner 
imerus." Reuters reported from Vatican 
City. 



BUND 
-1997 
AGE 9 




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Eric Fenby, 90, 
Transcriber 
Of Delius, Dies 


New York Times Scn-ice 

Eric Fenby, a British musician and 
musicologist who was a transcriber for 
the composer Frederick Delius, died on 
Feb. 1 8 in Scarborough, England, where 
he lived. He was 90 years old. 

Mr. Fenby was trained as an or gan ist 
and went on to become a composer, 
conductor, teacher and author. He was 
professor of harmony at the Royal 
Academy of Music in London from 1 964 
until 1977. 

He is best known for his work in the 
1920s and '30s with Delius (1862- 
1934). In 1928, hearing that Delius had 
become virtually helpless because of 
blindness and paralysis, he wrote and 
offered to serve him as a kind of sec- 
retary. Delius agreed, and Mr. Fenby 
worked with him at the composer’s 
home in Grez-sur-Loing, near Paris, in 
extended stays until Delius died almost 
six years later. 

Mr. Fenby gradually worked out a 
system for transcribing music that De- 
lius dictated, and the composer went on 
to produce half a dozen works. 


C. Brooks Peters, 84. who covered 
the outbreak of World War II from Ber- 
lin for The New York Times, died 
Thursday at his home in New York, 


Admiral Ephraim Paul Holmes. 88, 
who retired in 1 970 as commander of the 
Atlantic Fleet, died Sunday at his home in 
Williamsburg, Virginia. He served in the 
Pacific during World War U. receiving 
his first command in 1943 on the Stock- 
ham. a newly commissioned destroyer. 


I his 

aim 

ap- 

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his 

ape 

en- 

rhe 

8th 

ost 

o. 

)io 

an 

or 

ire 

IT- 


1 


PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, BIARCH 3, 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Jobs Report Could Jolt Bonds 


In Europe, 

Fears Over Rates 


Bridge News 

NEW YORK — More losses appear 
likely for Treasury bonds this week as 
the market’s nervousness, sparked by 
the possibility of a rise in interest rates, 
is fueled by anxiety over the February 

unemployment report due Friday. 

Treasury yields hit their highest 
levels in a month alter the Federal Re- 
serve Board chairrami. Alan Greenspan, 
in semiannual testimony before Con- 
gress. emphasized the Fed’s concerns 
about possible inflationary pressures 
and the level to which the financial 
markets have rallied. 

The Fed has not changed interest 
rates since January 1996, when it 
lowered the federal funds rate on 
overnight loons between banks by a 
quarter-point, to 5.25 percent Fed of- 


ficials are scheduled to hold their next 
policy sessions March 25 and May 20. 

Many traders say they are looking 
for a rate increase at the May meeting 
but that they think the Fed is likely to 
hold policy steady in March. 

With Fed policymakers known to be 
concerned about the tight U.S. labor 


U.S. CREDIT MARKETS 


market, another strong jobs report could 
cause investors to factor in a .greater 
chance of a Fed tightening in March. 

“The market has convinced itself 
next Friday's employment number is 
the number that will tell us definitively 
whether the Fed will move interest rates 
or not.*' said Robert Froelich, chief 
investment strategist at Zurich Funds. 


The yield on the 30-year Treasury 
bond rose 13 basis points last week, to 
6.80 percent, still well short of the recent 
peak of 6.96 percent it hit in January . 

Traders said that while the 30-year 
yield had yet to leave its recent range of 
6 JO percent to 7 percent, an employ- 
ment report that showed more strength 
or wage inflation than expected could 
well push yields to new highs for the 
year. The consensus forecast calls for an 
Increase of 230,000 in noafarm payrolls 
last month, with some economists pre- 
dicting gains as large as 350,000. 


By Carl Gewirtz 

Incemanoruil Herald Tribune 


Caution Is in Vogue 

and EMV Spoil Appetite for Risk 

monetary union. The rumors were so until the Fed ratees.raies — 


Analysts also generally expect to see 
gns of str en g th in other derails of the 


signs of str en g th in other derails of the 
report: a decline in the jobless rate, 
another gain in earnings acid a reversal 
of January’s weakness in hours 
worked- 


-Most Actiyelntemational Bonds 


" The 250 most active international bonds traded 
ihroudi the Euroctear system for the week end- 
TngFeb. 2B. Prices suppted fcy Tetekura. 


Cm Maturity Piles Yield 


Cpa Maturity Pries Yield 


Cm Maturity Price Yield 


Argentine Peso 

234 Argentina life 02/12*7 1103006104500 

Australian Dollar 

190 Australia 12 11/15*1 122.7390 9J800 


Austrian Schilling 

132 Austria 7 02/14/00 1083000 6.4700 


Belgian Franc 

179 Belgium 9 03/2Bm 121.1300 7X300 


British Pound 


93 Land Securities 
100 world Bank 
Ml Fannie Mae 
119 Britain 
196 utd Parcel Svc 


KV31AJ7 100.5000 5.9700 
03*1*0 96.1380 64400 
06/07/02 997500 £4900 
11/06/01 1005930 6.9600 
01/25/00 1003750 64500 


Canadian Dollar 


220 Canada 
235 Ontario 
244 Canada 


8 06/01/23 111.1500 74000 
zero 04*5*1 800000 5i5800 
SVt 12/01/05 1103200 74200 


Danish Krone 


4 Denmark 
21 Denmark 
23 Denmark 

27 Denmark 

28 Denmark 
33 Denmark 
39 Denmark 
55 Denmark 
58 Denmark 
87 Denmark 
105 Denmark 
109 Denmark 
127 Denmark 
156Nykr«ffl3CS 
180 Red Krwflt 
242 Denmark 


03/15/06 
11/15/00 
11/1 »01 
11/1004 
11/1 5107 
12/1504 
11/15/98 
05/12/03 
12/10/99 
11/1502 
02/15/99 
02/1500 
08/15/97 
1 001/26 
1(901/26 
08/1505 


111.9800 
1144900 
1124300 
974600 
1034700 
1 054000 

108.1500 

112.1500 

104.1500 
1034000 
1034000 

994700 

1014500 

894500 

89.1500 
954500 


71 Germany 

72 Germany 

77 Germany 

78 Treuhand 

79 Germany 

82 Germany 

83 Treuhand 
88 Germany 
90 Merdco 
92 Germany 
95 Treuhand 

98 Germany 

99 Germany 
102 Germany 
108 Germany 
110 Germany 
1 15 Germany 
117 Treuhand 
123 Germany 
125 Germany 
129 Treuhand 
131 Germany 
133 Germany 

143 Germany Thills 
148 Austria 
152 Germany 
154 Treuhand 
165 Germany 
171 Germany 
175 Germany 
178 Brazil 
185 Germany 
188 Germany Thills 

193 Germany 

194 EIB 

198 Treuhand 

199 Germany 
210 Germany 
215 Germany 
224 Mexico 
243 Germany 
245 Germany 
247 Germany 


8V. 07/31/97 1014700 8.1000 
6% 07/15/04 1094980 6.1900 
6ft 05/20/99 1054200 5.8200 

5 12/17/98 1023700 44700 

6 09/15/03 1054340 5.6000 
6 02/20/98 1023600 54500 
6 11/12/03 105.1480 5.7100 

61% 12*2*8 1054100 65100 
BW 02/24/09 101.0500 8.1600 

6 06/20/16 97.9525 61300 
6 Vs 06/25/98 T 03-4700 5.9200 

7 12/22/97 1024100 64000 
61% 05/20/98 1033900 61500 
8 Vi 08/21/00 1134900 7.4600 
51% 02/22/99 1033075 5.1900 
716 10/21/02 111.7817 64900 
5* 05/28/99 1043450 53000 

5 01/14/99 1024340 44700 
6ft 01/02/99 105.1025 61800 

8 03/20/97 1004200 7.9800 

7 11/25/99 1084633 64700 

8ft 07/20410 ll-C/i 73400 
5* 08/20/98 1033800 53700 
zero 04/18/97 994100 24900 
6 Vi 01/10*24 1004/00 64700 
716 10*2097 1024100 74100 
5% 04/29/99 1044600 53000 
6ft 02/24/99 1064500 64700 
514 11/20/97 1014850 5.1900 
m 10*20*7 1024500 74800 

8 02/26/07 1004000 7.9400 
516 10/20*8 1024500 5.1000 
zero 07/18/97 984157 34900 
716 01/20/00 109.1540 66400 

6 10/22/03 1017279 5.6700 
54% 09/24/98 1034200 54500 
8¥t 05/22/00 1161100 74700 
(H 6 02/20*8 102.7700 60800 
64% 01/20*8 1024700 64400 
8V% 09/1 MM 1083000 7.4900 
2.90 04*600 994400 19100 
516 04*0*7 101.1200 54900 
514 02/25/98 1014800 11500 


Japanese Yen 


173 Warid Bank 
214 Alsu SerfeM 
236 Quebec 
241 Italy 


5V4 03/20*2 1171% 44600 

2M 03/20/05 954915 24000 
344 03/20/12 969583 33500 
0366 07/26*9 1003700 03600 


Spanish Peseta 


186 Spain 

206 Spain 

207 Spain 
246 Spain 


840 04/3006 114.1060 77100 
1216 03/25*0 117.7700104000 
10.10 02/24*1 114,7860 84000 
10 02/28/05 1204990 8-2900 


PARIS — No one is yet talking of a 
bubble bursting. But a perceptible back- 
ing away from risk, now evident in 
international capital markets, suggests 
that a reappraisal is under way. 

The change was prom p ted by a state- 
ment last week from Alan Greenspan, 
chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, 
expanding on the concern be raised in 
December about '‘irrational exuber- 
ance” in the stock market to now in- 
clude ‘ ‘virtually all financial markets.” 
The top U.S. central banker added' a 
warning that “a pre-emptive policy 
tightening may become appropriate” if 
the Fed perceives signs of inflation in 
the U.S. economy. 

The mispricing of risk is a theme that 
the Bank for International Settlements 
has also been hammering at since au- 
tumn. It returned to the anack last week 
in its latest quarterly survey on ‘'In- 
ternational Banking and Financial Mar- 
ket Developments.' ' 

By coincidence, the bank's latest 
warning was sounded at a time when 
other events confirmed the need for 
caution. Markets were awash with ru- 
mors that Germany was planning' to 
announce a delay in the timetable for 


monetary union. The rumors were so 
intense that spokesmen for the gov- 
ernment and the Bundesbank publicly 
denied them.. 

The rumors caused havoc in bond 
markets in Italy and Spain, where huge 
positions had been built up on the as- 
sumption that short-term rates wonld be 
falling sharply. 

The positions already were untenable 
because the cost to borrow short-term 
cash was higher than the income earned 
on buying two-year paper. When the 
rumors of delayed monetary onion 
caused prices on the two-year paper to 
fall, the increasing cost to bold these 
positions led to a wholesale unwinding. 

To give a measure of the root, the 
yield on two-year Spanish government 
paper rose 43 basis points, or 43 hun- 
dredths of a percentage point, over the 
week. In Italy, the yield on the similar 
instrument was up 36 basis points. 

This deterioration forced a reversal in 
the swap market, where German paper 
had been sold to finance die acquisition 
of Italian securities. The unwinding 
drove the Deutsche mark up 1.4 percent 
against the lira over tiie week and helped 
make die German bond market the best- 
perfonningin Europe last week. 

The prevailing view among U.S. ana- 
lysts is that it is only a matter of time 


month or at the May to 

and that U.S. bond prices aehkdyw 
trend downward until the Fed s mten 
tions become clear. ^ «*- 

Bui Patrick Amis at Caisw des De 
pots et Consignations, Frazace s 
institutional investor, warns tiia^whde 
a one-time tightening would have no 
great impact on markets, a 

hikes could have a devastating enect. 

Noting what he calls a bizarre bal- 
ance in U.S. financial markets, he ob- 
served that the equity market had be- 
come a pure domestic market. ° ver-pur 
chased by mutual funds, while the bond 
market has become a pure foreign mar- 
ket, with foreign investors overpurc nos- 
ing domestic issues.” 

Any interruption to this foreign cap- 
ital inflow to tiie bond market, he said, 
would rep-re the dollar to sink and long- 
term U.S. interest rates to soar. 

Mr. Axtus sees the German bond mar- 
ket to be the safest haven — standing to 
benefit whether or not monetary union 
goes ahead on schedule. _ 

Union, be argued, will bring fiscal 
stringency and Tow inflation that will 
keep all European interest rates low. 
while a delay will benefit Germany in 
parti cular as investors, newly wary of the 
p lan , pour back, into the Deutsche mark. 


New International Bend Issues 


Swedish Krona 


61 Sweden 
85 Sweden 1036 
91 Sweden 
164 Sweden 1037 
191 Sweden 


11 01/21/99 111.45 94700 
KH6 0505/00 115.0080 8.9100 
516 04/12/02 98.9060 53600 
8 08/1507 1094950 74300 
6 02/09/05 974020 61700 


Compiled by Laurence DesvHettes 


Amount Coop. Price 

(minions) Mat. % Price end 

week 


UA Dollar 


Floating Rate Notes 

Belie Carp. 


2002 140 100.00 — 


3 Brazil Cap S.L 4ft 04/15/14 861250 53200 

14 Argentina L 516 0301/23 674883 7.7600 

15 Argentina FRN 6ft 03/29/05 893475 74000 

36 BrazDL 61% 04/15/06 914125 7.1200 

44 Brazil XL 6V* 04/15*12 82J163 7.9300 

46 Argentina 114% 01/3Q/17 1083000 104800 

47 Bulgaria 6Tn 07/28/11 634063104500 

48 Brazil 6W 01/m/m 962500 64200 

52 Venezuela zero 12/18/07 90.7200 zero 

53 Mexta) 111% 0505/26 ' 1131% 10.1700 

54 Venezuela A 6W 03/31/20 784800 84100 

67 Ecuador 6438 02/28/15 65.1194 94800 

74 BrazD parti 5 04/15/24 674750 74700 

76 Brazil Xti 6ft 04/15/2 4 817500 7.7600 

84 Mexico par B 6ta 12/31/19 77.1906 8.1000 

86 Salde Mae 41% 08/02*9 964000 44900 

89 Ecuadorpar 3U 02/28/25 464941 69900 

94 Bco Com ExL. 716 02/02/04 934000 74000 

96 Mexico par A 616 12/31/19 777297 8.0400 

101 Argentina L m 03/31/23 843625 73400 

104 Argentine zero 04/31/01 125.0000 zero 

106 Brazil XL 6ft 04/15 (09 874125 73200 

107 Motto D 6352 12/28/19 924200 68600 

113 Bulgaria 6ft 07/28/24 64475010.1900 

114Cotonbta 74% 02/1 5/07 984500 7.7600 

118 Ecuador «ft 02/28/25 704500 9.1600 

120 Argentina 543 09/01/02 11140 44700 

122 Brazil Cbond XL 41% 04/15/14 92.1964 44800 


6Vi 01/m/m 984500 64200 
zero 12/18/07 90.7200 zero 


111% 05H5/26 - 1131% 10.1700 
6U 03/31/20 784800 84100 


Dutch Guilder 


Deutsche Mark 


1 Germany 

2 Germany 

5 Germany 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 

8 Germany 

9 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Germany 

12 Treuhand 

13 Germany 
16 Germany 

18 Germany 

19 Germany 

20 Germany 
22 Treuhand 

24 Germany 

25 Germany 

26 Germany 

29 Germany 

30 Treuhand 

31 Treuhand 

32 Germany 
34 Treuhand 

37 Germany 

38 Germany 

40 Germany 

41 Treuhand 

42 Germany 

43 Germany 
45 Germany 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 

51 Germany 

56 Treuhand 

57 Germany 

59 Treuhand 

60 Treuhand 

62 Treuhand 

63 Treuhand 

64 Treuhand 

65 Germany 

66 Germany 

68 Germany 

69 Germany 
1 70 Germany 


6 01AM/07 1034700 

8 01/21/02 1144880 
616 04/26/06 1011400 
4>% 1 0/1 4/05 1064300 
m 05/12*5 109.5200 
7ft 01/03/051124000 
5 08/20/01 1024700 
816 09/20*1 1143800 

8 07/22/02 115.1400 
71% 09*9*4 1133150 
31% 12/18*8 100.0100 

5 0501*1 1024733 

6 01/05/06 1034000 
616 01*4/24 984043 
6% 09/15*9 1074300 

m 12 mm 11240 

6 02/16/06 1034900 

9 10*0*0 1154175 
61% 07/15*31074800 
8ft 12/20*0 1154300 
7ft 10*1/02 1144650 
64% 07/DW3 1083150 
51% 11/21/001011340 
7V% 01/29*3 1114348 
81% 02/20*1 1144950 
8U 08*0*1 1164300 
61% 03/15*0 1074300 
616 05/13*4 109.0150 
7ft 12/20*2 1114383 
31% 09/18*8 1000700 
9 01/22*1 1164700 
5ft 05/15*0 1053400 
71% 11/11*4 1133767 
516 02/21*1 1033200 
61% 04/23*3 1073000 
416 11/20*1 1004368 
61% 03/26/98 102.9000 
6*6 07/29/99 105.9200 
64% 07*1/99 1064000 
61% 06/11/03 109.9000 
616 03*4*4 1064680 
616 04/22*3 1094171 

7 01/13*0 1084433 

8 09/22*7 1023700 
5H 08*2*0 1054267 
83% 05*1*1 114.9700 


17 Netherlands 
35 Netheriands 
73 Netherlands 

80 Netheriands 

81 Netherlands 
97 Netheriands 
103 Netheriands 
112 Netheriands 
116 Netheriands 
121 Netheriands 
126 Netheriands 
128 Netherlands 
134 Netherlands 
137 Netherlands 
139 Netheriands 
144 Netherkmds 

150 Netheriands 

151 Netheriands 
162 Netheriands 
172fMheriands 
181 Netheriands 
184 Netheriands 
216 Netheriands 
223 Netheriands 
228 Netheriands 


5* 02/15*7 
616 07/15*8 
6 01/15*6 


7ft 01/15/23 


71% 06/15*9 


7 06/15*5 
9 05/15*0 
614 11/15*5 
516 01/15*4 
71% 04/15/10 
81% 03/15*1 
816 06/15*2 
516 09/15*2 
716 0301*5 
6Vz 04/15*3 
zero 04/29*7 
816 09/15*1 
814 02/15*7 
7 03/15*9 


816 05*1/00 


7 02/15*3 
6 Vi 07/15*8 
716 01/15*0 
7W 10*1*4 


1024000 

1034500 

1043500 

1171% 

1164000 

1084000 

11140 

1144500 

1094000 

1044000 

11630 

11516 

1161% 

1044500 

11616 

1084500 

99J009 

1174000 

1214500 

1064000 

113.90 

1114500 

103.9500 
1104500 

112.9500 


Over6-aMnm Ubar. NonatfablB. Few 1%. Denomfnaflom S2SOOOO. (Deutsche Maroon 
OranMJ 


$300 1999 nbor 100.0115 — 


Interest wtH be the Smooth LBmt. NoncaBabfe Fees 005%. Denari feaflons SI (WOO. (Lehman 
Brothers tnrtj 


Svenska Handels bonhen 


$350 perpt V% 99496 — 


Interest wffl be Yt over3-month LdKrunffl 2002 wfwn Issue is caffabie at pan thereafter 2 over. 

Fees 0425%. (Menffl Ljrndi Ml) 


DG Bank 


DM2S> 2000 Vu 10044 — Ovar3-monlfi Ubar. NancWBabfe Fees 0.15%. (DG BanKJ 


6438 02/20/15 65.1194 94800 
5 04/15/24 674750 74700 
61% 04/15*4 817500 7.7600 


Export- Import Bank Koreo 
Merrill Lynch infi 


DM500 2002 0.15 10046 — Direr 3-r*xtffi Ubar. Reaffered at 99.96. Nanadtabfe Fees 040%. (DG BankJ 


DM250 1999 0.05 10044 — Oner 1 -month Ubar. Reoffend at per. NancaBabte. Fees 048%. (Mena Lyndi Inti) 


6h 12/31/19 77.1906 11000 
41% 08*2*9 960000 44900 
316 02/28/25 464941 69900 
716 02*2*4 934000 74000 
616 12/31/19 77.7297 8.0400 
6ft 03/31/23 843625 73400 
zero 04*1*1 125.0000 zero 
6ft 04/15*9 874125 73200 
6352 12/28/19 924200 64600 
6ft 07/28/24 64475010.1900 


Fixed-Coupons 


Abbey National Treasury 
Services 


2002 64% 101449 


Reoffend at 99749. Noneaflabfe Fees !«%. (Nomura InlU 


Bayerische Vereinsbank 
BNG 


2001 61% 101.04 9841 
"2001 61% 10149 9948” 


Reoffered at 9944. NoncaBabfe. Fees 1 ft%. (Banque Paribas Capital Mariufe) 


Reoffered at 9949. Nonca liable. Fees IW6. (ABN-AMRO Home GovetU 


Compagnle Generate des 
Eaux 


2003 zero 10040 


Redemnttori amount at maturity wBI be Bnloed to Vie price at the company's shares. Noncallabfe 
ftes not dbdosed. DenomMtons SIOOOOl (Banque indosuezj 


7ft 02/15*7 984500 7.7600 
6ft 02/28/25 704500 9.1600 
543 09*1*2 11140 44700 


DeNIB 

Deutsche Ausglektisbank 


914 11/27*1 99.1250 94300 


134 Sears Roebuck 64% 02/25*2 99.0000 64900 


75 Fiance OAT 
124 France OAT 
130 France OAT 

145 Britain 

146 France B.T.A.N. 

147 France OAT 
1550KT-nate 
163 France BTAN 
176 France OAT 
203 France OAT 


7 04/25*6 
5ft 04/25*7 
A 04/25*4 
91% 02/21 AH 
6 can 5*1 
71% 04/25*5 
5 01/26*9 
5 03/16*9 
816 04/25/22 
SV% 03/15*2 


108.1000 

967500 

102.9000 

11640 

104J500 

1114000 

101.1417 

1013200 

1193275 

1144200 


140 Mexico 
142 World Bank 
149 Argentina 
153 Bulgaria 

157 Poland par 

158 Credit Local 

1 59 Citibank CCM 

160 Finland 

161 (Mexico A 
166 Matsu El Ind 
167CatomWo 

168 World Bank 

169 Poland 
17DBraz8 

174 Venezuela B 
177 Mexico 

182 Argentina 

183 CADES 


99% 01/15*71044500 94700 
548 09/27*9 984250 5.7600 
11 1Q*9*6 108.1250 10.1700 
216 07/28/12 474375 4.7400 

3 1Q/Z7/24 574938 54500 
6Vt 02/IV04 983000 65900 

03/1 VU 99.9560 . - 

51% 02/27*6 944500 64300 
6453 12/31/19 923750 69900 
7*6 08*1*2 1024250 74600 
Bft 02/15/27 99.1250 84500 
440 12/18*7 983819 44700 

4 10/27/1* 843125 44400 
89% 11*5*1 1013750 84500 
6*4 03/31/20 79.1042 83300 
9tt 02*6*1 1063750 9.1700 
89% 12/20*3 98.0000 83500 
535 12/10*1 994900 53600 


General Electric Capital 

Cotp. 


2000 616 101476 9941 

2002 6<6 99462 9S5T 

lOQl 614 101441 =~ 


Reoffered at 100076 NoncnOabfe Fees! ft%. (Morgan Skmley Inti) 


NoncaBabfe Fees 0 l 25%_ (Deutsche Maryan GrenMU 


Reoftaredat99.841, NoncaBabfe Fees 14M6- (NMu> EuraonJ 


ING Bank 


Morgan Guaranty T rust 


2000 6V4 100925 - 

"2001 6ft 101.126 99.67“ 


Reoffered at 991*. NoncaBabfe Fees Iftflt. (PaineWebber Inti) 


Reaffered at 99326. NonooUabfe FWs 14Mb. UJ>. Morgan SecuititesJ 


National Australia Bank 


Philippine Long-Distance 
Telephone 


1999 6 100.915 9932 

2007 735 99.924 ~ 


Reaffered at 99.915. Nancoflabfe Fees 1 ft%. (Sataman Brothers IntU 


Nanooflobfe Fees 0475%. (Goldman Sachs IntU 


Philippine Long-Distance 
Telephone 


2017 8.35 99424 — NWKOfabfe Fee»l%. (GakSman Sachs InrU 


Rabobank Nederland 


2001 6 101.07 98.90 


Rao W ared at 9947. ho n or liab le. Funglbte wtth ouMandtfei issue, mtsbig total amount to S3S0 
ndBtofl. Fees 1**%. (SBC wmtwrgj 


Swedish Export Credit 


SI 20 2000 540 100.00 — 


Semiannually. NancaUabie prtvate pkxxnwnL Fees 1.15%. Danaminatlam 11 IUX». (New 
Japan SacurittesJ 


X2 2-52“ l J J£ Taronta-Dominion Bank 


189 Nigeria 
192 Mexico 
197SuedwestLB 
201 Canada 

204 Ontario 

205 Brazil 
208GMAC 
209 Mexico 


616 11/15/20 694875 8.9700 
79% 08*6*1 100.9000 73600 
61% 02/25*2 993750 65100 
6% 07/21*5 98.0000 63100 
7V% 01/27*3 10X1250 7.1500 
6 09/15/13 763000 73400 
543 02/25*0 968926 53100 
11W 0W15/16 lim 10.1700 


2007 646 99.769 — 


Interest wfll be 6Ui% ixitfl 2002. when Issue b callable at par, thereafter 1 aver 3-rnanth Ubor. 
Fees 035%. Denanlnattons SKUXXL (Clttbank IntU 


World Bank 


2007 630 101W - 


interest wtlt be 630% unfll 2001 whan Issue Is callable at par, thereafter 1 3% less the 12-month 
Ubor. Reaffered at 99325. Ftsos 2%. (Lehman Brothers MU 


211 SuedwesM LB 536 11/12*9 953510 53200 


Argentina 
Dresdner Bank 


DM1300 2004 


1011% 100.10 Reaffered at 99425. Nanoallabfe. Fe« 2fe%- (Dresdner NMnwori BensonJ 


DM500 2007 6 10235 100.15 Reaffered at 10020. Nanadlabte. Fees 2W%. (Dresdner Neimrart Bensan.1 


Finnish Markka 


195 Finland 
233 Finland 


7fe 04^4*6 1093000 64000 
11 01/15*911X1446 9.7200 


212TMCC 
213 Mexico B 
217 Ontario 


64% 02/20*2 1003500 63400 
6*% 12/31/19 924958 68900 
716 06*4*2 1053000 73800 


DSL Finance 


DM100 2001 4 W 10144 — 


NoncaBabfe RmgBjfewfthoutsfciniSno issue, raising total airwunt to 350 mdllen marks. Fees 
lWb.(SBCWarixirgJ 


219 Nat AustraBaBk zero 05/20*7 983040 53700 DSL Finance 


French Franc 


138 France OAT 
141 France OAT 
200 France B.TAN. 


202 France BTAN. 516 


218 France OAT 
221 France OAT 


04/25*7 100-4500 54800 
10/25*6 1083200 5.9800 
10/12*0 109.6800 63800 
03/12*1 1054800 54400 
10/25*5 11745 64000 
11/25*2 119.0500 7.1400 


Italian Lira 


237 Abbey Natl TS 680 02/20*2 994250 63300 


222 Panama 

225 Poland 

226 Canada 
227EIB 

229 Venezuela 
230Fetrovte StaTo 

231 Kredtefbk Inti 

232 DSL 

238 Ecuador 

239 Italy B 

WO W«W Bank 

248 Italy 

249 Mexico C 

250 Panama p<fl 


71% 02/13*2 100.1250 73700 
61% 10/27/24 98.1875 66200 
616 08/28*6 100.1250 67400 


DM1,000 2009 5M 101328 98.75 Reoffered at 96928. Nenailabfe Fees 2W&. (Commerzbank.) 


LandwfrtsdrafHiche 

Rentenbank 


DM300 2003 5 101481 9935 Reoflered at 99431. NancaBabte. Fees2W%. (ABN-AMRO HoareGaweiU 


zero 11*6/26 13 7.1100 

64% 03/18*7 9X0000 73000 
9V% 07*6*9 11716 7.7800 

61% 02/11*9 993750 61300 
6V% 02/13*2 993750 65100 
643 02/28/15 703000 9.1900 


Federal Home Loan Bank 


2002 6Vb 99.556 — Semkrnnua0y. NoncaBabfe. Fees 035%. (Goldman Sachs IntU 


zero 01/10*1 78.1250 65800 
Vh 08/21*6 994000 64600 
7 09/18*1 1014250 63900 
6M 12/31/19 9X5238 63200 
4 07/17/16 874000 44700 


Finnish Export Credit 
Haven Funding 
LB Schleswig Holstein 


2000 614 99.10 — 


2037 8W 100.966 — 


SeRdemuatty. NancaBable private placement. Fees 030%. (Yamaichl IntU 
Semiannuathr. Awrage Bfe 334 years. Fees 0425%. (Hambres BankJ 


2000 6 Vi 100-80 — Reaffered at 99W. Nancalktote Fees 1WL (Hambres Bank.) 


Oesterreichlsdw 

Kontrollbank 


2000 51% 98.2385 — Reoflered rtWOSl.NancoUobfe Fees 1W%. (Cammerztiank.1 


Vodafone Group 


2004 7Yi 99.233 — NoncaBabfe Fees 035%. (Bandore deZoefe wedd.) 


The Week Ahead s World Economic Calendar, March 3-7 

A setwduk! j! ttvs wwfr's economic and ttnanoal events, compdod for the hdemaBanal Herald Tnbuno by Bloomberg Business News. 


BGB Finance Oreland) 


F FI 400 2009 5RA 100L386 9844 Reaffered at WJ36. Noncallabfe Fbes 2%. (Cafsse des Depots efCarBignattois.) 


Caisse Francaise de 
Develop pement 


2008 6 104.786 10X71 Reaffered at 101836 NoncaSabfe Fungible wTIh outstanUtno Issue, raising mtoiomowr) ip 2.1 

bfekm francs. Fees 1 30%. (Sodete Generalej 


Asia-Pacific 

Expected Bangkok: ASEAN Auto Supporting 
This Week Industries Conference, a display of 
automotive parts sponsored by the 
Japan Externa) Trade Organization. 
Wednesday and Thursday. 

Tokyo: International Corporate Con- 
ference in Asia on sustaining re- 
forms in India and throughout Asia. 


Europe 

Geneva: International Motor Show. 
Starts Thursday. 

Bern: Unemployment data for Febru- 
ary and retail sales figures for Jan- 
uary. 

Bonn: Industrial production data for 
January and manufacturing orders 
data for January. 


Americas 


Mexico City: Foro Tecnologtco, 
sponsored by Commerce Ministry 
and Technological and Science 
Council. Tuesday through Thursday. 
Vancouver: Asia-Pacific Economic 
Cooperation Industrial Science and 
Technology meeting. Wednesday 
through Friday. 


Council of Europe 
European Investment Bank 


FF1,Q00 

FF1400* 


4.73 101475 9935 Reaffered at par. Callable at par hi 3802. Fees 2%. (ilterrm Lynch Innj 


— Interest win be 4'e% udl 3Xn thereafter TEC-10 Index less 0.42%. Noncallabfe Fees Ct32S«s 
DetxMnlnattana 100,000 francs. (Goldman Sachs IntU 


Hydro-Quebec 


5Va 101425 


99.73 Reaffered at 9930. NancaBabte. issue wfll be redenominated In euros after EMU. Ffees 2%. 
{Sodete Generofel 


Rhein fsche 
Hypothekenbank 


— Re affered of 99374. Nanaflabfe. Fees 2%. Denomination?, toaaoo femes. (Credll Commercial 
De France.) 


Sodete Generate 


10136 Noncoftobfe Fimstole wftti outstanding tssue. rafcfrw lotoi amountm r < hmy^ , ,„ ue 
win be redenominated in euros after EMU. Fees 1140%. iSudete Generate.) 


Credit Local de France 


ITLmOOO 


Monday 
March 3 


Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia 
to Issue Index of commodity prices 
for February. 

Tokyo: Foreign-currency reserves 
as of the end of February, and auto 
sales data for February. 


Madrid: Industrial price data for 
January. 

Stockholm: New-car registrations 
for February and data from February 
survey on household spending plans. 
Earnings: AGA, HSBC Holdings, 
Millennium & Copthome. 


98-40 NoncatkAfe Fungible wBh outstanding Issue, raising total amount to 500 bfUon Bre. Foes nof 
dtscfoMd. (Banque Paribas Capfto MarketsJ 


Santiago: Inflation data for February, 
industrial production and sales data 
for January and unemployment data 
for three months ended January. 
Washington: Personal income and 
spending data for January. 


Rabobank Nederland 


ITL50.000 


Interest wM be 10% until 2000, when Issue is callable at par, thereafter 19fe% lesftnfce f he 

IT, o ol,, U&or. Fungible wBh outstanding Issue, laUng total amount to 400 bflDon Bre. Fees 2%. 
(Credfta HaOana] 


— Reaffered at 9916. NoncaBable. Fees 1 *%%. (Rabobank Inti) 


BGB Finance (Ireland) 


336 IQQjOQ — 




LB Schleswig-Holstein 


430 700.00 — 


Tuesday Tokyo: Meeting of senior Finance 
March 4 Ministry and central bank officials of 
six Asia-Pacific economies. 
Wellington: Tourism data for Jan- 
uary. 

Earnings: Southcorp Holdings. 


Copenhagen: Foreign-currency re- 
serves data for February. 

Rome: Consumer price index for 
February. 

Earnings: De Beers/Centenary, 
J.D. Wethers paon, UPM-Kymmene. 


Mexico City: Foreign-currency re- 
serve assets data and manufactur- 
ing data for December. 
Washington: New-home sales for 
January. Conference Board reports 
leading Indicators for January. 
Earnings: Dayton Hudson, Limited. 


** m,lturt, y mo r ** 1 ° 608015 . NoncoHable private placement. Ffe) 


Equity-Linked 

Delia Etectronfcs Industrial 


SI 00 2004 040 100.00 — 


Redeemable at 13739 In 2002 la yfeld04S aver Treasuries. Conwtlbfe at TSUOparshare.’i 

IKb premium, and at TS27515 per donor. Fees not cUsdased. (UBS J 


Indian Petrochemicals 


5150 2002 21% 100.00 - 


Semtormoaby, Redeenroble at rredurtty td 1TI31. ConwstftHe at SI3 w* 
premium. Fees 2W%. DenonBratlons S10400. {Goldman Sachs mnj 


Pali burg Holdings 


5210 2002 zero 100.00 — 


Wednesday Jakarta: Inflation data for February 
March 5 and merchandise trade balance for 
December. 

Tokyo: Trade balance data for 20- 
day period in February and bank 
lending-rate averages for January. 
Earnings: Boral. 


Madrid: Gross domestic product da- 
ta for fourth quarter. 

Earnings: BAT Industries, Banque 
Bruxelles Lambert. Cadbury 
Schweppes, Skandia. 


Washington: AJan Greenspan, 
chairman of the Federal Reserve 
Board, testifies before the House 
Banking Committee. 

Earnings: Federated Department 
Stores, K mart, Royal Bank 
of Canada. 




Last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock indexes 


Money Rates 


Eurobond Yields 


Thursday Tokyo: Imported vehicles data for 
March 6 February. 

Earnings: Amcor, Brierley Invest- 
ments. 


Nuremberg: Unemployment data 
for February. 

Frankfurt: Bundesbank policy-mak- 
ing council meets. 

Copenhagen: Unemployment data 
for January. . 


Mexico City: Trade balance data 
for January. 

Washington: Factory orders for Jan- 
uary and Initial weekly state unem- 
ployment compensation insurance 
claims. 

Ottawa: Building permits for January. 


United States 
□J Indus. 

DJ Utl. 

DJ Trans. 

S & P 100 
S&P500 
S&pind 


MkH M.Z1 Trhpl Yrfew 


Pit mi rate 
Federal funds rata 


NYSECB 

NasdaaQ) 

Japan 
NiKho 325 
Bittafai 

ftsFioo 

Canada 
TSE Indus. 
France 
CACffl 


i Friday 

March 7 


Jakarta: Ekadharma Tape Indus- 
tries shareholders meeting on co- 
operation with other companies. 
Sydney: Foreign-currency reserve 
assets data for February. 

Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 

to release monthly review. 


Rome: Retail sales data for Novem- 
ber. 

Stockholm: Unemployment data 
for February. 

Vienna: Consumer price data for 
1996. 


Washington: Unemployment data 
for February. 

Caracas: Inflation data for Febru- 
ary. 

Mexico City: Inflation data for Jan- 
uary. 


j°pon 
Discount 
Colt money 
3-montti Interbank 


I&557JS 1943444 


<30030 <33640 


Britain 

Sank base rate 
CaH money 

3-montti interbank 


U4. S. long term 
U.S. S. mdm term 
U4.S. shortterm 
Pounds Storing 

French francs 
JSaBan Ore 
Danish kroner 
Swedish kraner 


ECU< long term 
ECUs, mdm term 


&1M30 6.226. M . 


240745 246234 


Franca 

i nte nm iH on rate 
Can money 
3^nonffi interbank 


645 447 
438 4.15 
4-00 444 
749 749 
4J0 447 
7.19 744 

5^1 549 

4.97 543 
537 5.79 
4.79 480 
5.77 533 
732 7.19 
745 740 
1.71 tJO 


6.79 633 
443 6.10 
4.13 SJM 
742 749 

4.9B 444 
648 
5.72 5J9 
119 482 

4.19 5.76 
5.04 436 
4.08 530 

732 7.11 
736 7.19 
1.94 130 


Source; Luxemboorg stock exchange. 


Germany 

DAX 


1259.44 118449 


“Weekly Sales” ^ 

PftraanrMorket 

™ Emaear — 

V % ^ 

ETP S inf?- 3 <J8J 5204 3 iin 

5cc °ndary Marker 

assr*® i«Si 80 ^ 7440 3^4 

54693 5A4284 ® 

t«S aS; i 2 Zen* j®? 

‘™^M3474 % 79441646604 JhTA t 

S ^e«wteir,&ri 9 f ftw j t 


Hong Kpng 
Hong Seng 
World 
M5CIP 


Cnflmoney 
>mOnW) toratbl fc 


Ubor Rates 


1X39832 1X44485 


84X73 84X42 


CM Feb. 28 Feb. 21 ■ 

London pjn. flxJ 35X60 35330 


Wortdk>dmfr 60 MefgmSf(i^Copl 6 timP«v^<^ 


1-wuani j b-mumt 

U3. S 5ft 5ft SryiA Crr-nrh , tWOBBl 1 IlllWto 7 M_u.I L 

Do ufa diewon t 3ft 3V» 3N Enu cflhDw: »*> 3ft 

Pound sterSng 640 6'n w J iv, ^ 

SawaxUoytB Bonk, Reuters. ^ ft ft 


6W Y m 




. .71 


r Mill 


V ' ?! II-. 


r 




sj&vz- 


ear j 


'HU 


ul ate 


*_> . v- ' 


l-jj i !{.• ^ 









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i - 


■7* gk IMERMTIumM *g 

iicralo^^^Cjnbunc. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 


PAGE n! 


4 



Warning: 
Sure Things 
Don’t Exist 

Even a Star Manager 
Can Lose on Stocks 


By Edward Wyatt 

.Vrtr York Times Sen icr 


Not What It Seemed 


The performance of the Van Wagoner Emerging Growth 
stock fund illustrates how year-to-date returns, or one-year 
total returns, can be misleading. An investor who bought 
shares at the beginning of the second, third or fourth quarter 


and held them until the end of the year lost money. 
Because most of the fund's investors bought their 
shares in the second quarter, most lost money, and 
the fund had an overall loss for the year. 


S20 a share 


15 


Net asset value of the Van 
Wagoner Emerging Growth fund 


$800 million 


' •k .. __ 


600 


• 10 


NEW YORK — Few mutual-fund 
managers put together a better year 
Jan Garrett Van Wagoner in 1 996. his 
first year running his own mutual-fund 
company. 

°f the three funds managed by 
Mr. Van Wagoner beat the stock mar- 
ket averages, gaining between 24 per- 
cent and 27 percent — a feat matched 
by only a handful of other mutual -fund 
managers in the country. For its efforts 
overseeing the $J billion invested in 
the funds. Van Wagoner Capital Man- 
agement earned $8.7 million in fees. 

For the majority of the investors in 
the Van Wagoner funds, however, last 
year was one to forget. 

Despite the performance record im- 
plied by the funds' percentage gains. 
Mr. Van Wagoner in Fact lost 'more 


s* 

f 

APR. 1 

\\NA 

JULY 1 


rear-to-oate 

return 

Year-to-date 

rstum 

JAN. 1 

+30.3% 

+49.7% 

Total return 

Return 

Return 

it held to 

it held to 

it held 1 o 

end of year 

end of year 

end of year 

+2&9% 

—2.6% 

-1SJ% 


Total assets \ 


$ v in the fund 


OCT. 1 
Year-to-dale 
return 

+42 - 4 ‘ s ’ feb. 27 
Return Year-to- 
il held to dale 

end of year return 

—10.9% -15.4% 


400 


Cumulative profit 
or Joss for the fcmd- 
since inception 

▼ 



J 1 F I U I A I M I J 1 J 1 A Is 1 0 In Id I J I F 
’96 '97 

. Sources: AMG D&la Services; Van Wagoner Capital Management 


j 1 fIuIaImIj! j I a I s ! oInIdI j I f 

■96 '97 

The Ne» Yack Tima 


INVESTING 


than $105 million of investors' money 
— roughly $ I of every $ 1 0 entrusted to 
him. Those losses mounted as poor 
performance by the funds in the second 
half of the year outweighed, in dollar 
terms, the gains made in early 1996, 
when the funds' assets were far less. 

To millions of Americans who have 
started to invest in mutual funds in the 
last few years, Mr. Van Wagoner’s tale 
serves as a reminder that making 
money in stocks is by no means a sure 
thing — even when investing in the 
hottest of bull markets with one of 
America's most widely hailed mutual- 
fund managers. 

The losses suffered by shareholders 
in Mr. Van Wagoner's seemingly high- 


flying funds illustrate, too, that not only 
past performance but also reports of a 
fund's current performance can mislead 
investors. Some say the case under- 
scores the need for new kinds of public 
reporting of fund results. 

Mr. Van Wagoner’s funds — there 
are four now — have continued to 
greatly underperform both the broad 
market and their peers specializing in 
stocks of small, fast-growing compa- 
nies. The cumulative losses of the 
largest fund. Van Wagoner Emerging 
Growth, have doubled since die be- 
ginning of this year, to an estimated 
$165 million. 

Just how tarnished Mr. Van Wag- 
oner's formerly bright star has become 
was made clear recently at an investor 
conference in Los Angeles. Instead of 
begging for his autograph, as scores of 
investors did at similar conferences 
last year, a woman greeted Mr. Van 
Wagoner with: “From someone who 
has invested in your fund, what the hell 
is going on?” 

Mr. Van Wagoner, 41, said last 
week that while his fund company had 
been successful from a business stand- 
point, he understood how frustrating it 
had been for investors. Still, he said he 
would stick with the style that had 


proved so successful for him. 

“I'm really not surprised, given 
what's gone on in the small-cap sector “ 
Mr. Van Wagoner said of the funds’ 
recent results. “My style always un- 
derperforms by some margin on the way 
down and outperforms by some mul- 
tiple on the way up. This period has not 
been different from the past.” 

Mr. Van Wagoner's funds are not 
the only ones that have lost money for 
investors while reporting large per- 
centage gains. Last year, for example, 
the Dreyfus Aggressive Growth fund 
reported a 5 1 percent gain in its first 1 1 
months of operation while actually los- 
ing $31 million of investors' money. 
Such a circumstance typically occurs 
when a small new fund posts big gains 
and then attracts a lot of new cash 
before hitting a patch of rough per- 
formance. 

Pan of the problem in recognizing 
such situations is that investors musr 
pay greater attention to short-term per- 
formance than to long-term results — 
exactly the opposite of what most fi- 
nancial advisers recommend. 

For instance, investors who watched 
tire Van Wagoner funds’ three-month 
and four-week returns would have no- 
ticed last autumn that the funds’ short- 


term performance was diverging 
markedly from the year-to-date record. 

Similarly, investors can compare 
any fund's year-to-date performance 
with that of other funds in its peer 
group by using performance tables. 

By that measure, each of the four 
Van Wagoner funds ranks near the 
bottom of their peer groups this year. 

Investor confusion over convention- 
al performance measures could be re- 
duced if fund managers published dol- 
lar-weighied returns. Because a 10 
percent change produces more profits 
or losses when a fund has assets of 
$100 million than wheD it has $1 mil- 
lion. doiiar-weighted returns can be 
helpful in determining what most in- 
vestors in a fund have experienced. 

Barry Barb ash, director of the di- 
vision of investment management at 
the Securities Exchange Commission, 
said the agency had considered such a 
solution “on a number of occasions," 
including in recent months, as it draf- 
ted new requirements for fund pro- 
spectuses. 

“We recognize that there is a prob- 
lem in fund performance presentation, 
and it’s one we'd like to fund a solution 
for,” he said, "but it’s difficult to do 
conceptually.” 


Backlash Heats Up 
Over Renault Closing ; 

Belgian Officials Call for Boycott 


i j 


Reuters 

BRUSSELS — The backlash against 
Renault SA's decision to close its Bel- 
gian assembly plant and move activities 
to France and Spain widened over the 
weekend, with unions and Belgian 
politicians calling for a boycott of 
France’s biggest automaker. 

“This is my last Renault. What about 
you?" read a placard by a Belgian 
Renault worker occupying the doomed 
plant Sunday. 

“They want to produce Renaults 
abroad?" the worker said on Belgian 
television. "They should sell them 
abroad as well, then.” 

Renault announced Thursday that it 
would close the plant at ViJvoorde, near 
Brussels, in July as pan of a strategy to 
improve profitability. The company said 
the closure, once completed, would save 
825 million French francs ($144.4 mil- 
lion) a year. Renault lost an estimated 4 
billion francs last year. 

Louis Schweitzer. Renault's chief ex- 
ecutive, said after talks Saturday in Brus- 
sels that Renault would not go back on its 
decision to close the plant. He had been 
summoned to talks by Luc Van den 
Brande, prime minister of the Flanders 
region where Vilvoorde is located. 

Mr. Van den Brande said after the 90- 
minute meeting that the talks had been 
tough and grim, adding that Mr. 
Schweitzer had refused to alleviate the 
impact of the closure on the 3.100 Vil- 
voorde employees and at least 1.000 
workers at suppliers and subcontractors. 

Before the meeting, Eric Van 
Rompuy. economics minister of 


Flanders, called Renault’s decision 

lenorisi act." and the Vlaams Blok/ 

party called for a boycott of French j 
products. France is Belgium's third-.; 
largest trading partner in the European! 
Union; French exports to Belgium inj_ 
1 996 were estimated at 505 billion Bel-i 
gian francs ($14.4 billion). 1 

Hinting at moves to boycott Renault- 
products, Karel Gacoms. a senior official . 
with the Belgian metal workers union 
BBTK. told a television interviewer that a 
key to resolving the issue was “now in ; 
the hands of consumers and French uni-’ • 
ons." He added that consumers bad 
already canceled orders for Renault catv. . 
Renault sold just under 44,000 vehicles in t 
Belgium in 1996, making it the third-* 
best-selling automaker in Belgium, be-' 
hind Volkswagen AG of Germany and ; 
PSA Peugeot Citroen SA of France. | 
Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene of 
Belgium told Labor Minister Miet Smet 
on Friday to investigate whether the. 
French automaker had breached Belgian, 
European Union or Organization of Eco- 
nomic Cooperation and Development 
rules on information and worker con- 
sultation. Meanwhile. Ford Motor Co. ■ 
reportedly is considering moving as- 
sembly of its Transit vans from Genk. 
Belgium, to Southampton. England, to 
try to consolidate activities. The Belgian 
newspaper De Standaard reported Sat- 
urday, quoting sources in the BBTK. that 
the union had obtained a Ford document 
that led it to believe the U.S. automaker ' 
might move the plant's activities to Eng- 
land in the next few years. Ford Genk 
currently employs about 2,500 people. 


Prodi ‘Can’t Imagine’ 

A Single- Currency Delay 


Mark and Yen Stand to Gain as Speculators Shift 


By Carl Gewiitz 

International Herald Tribune 


PARIS — A substantial unwinding of 
speculative positions in the internation- 
al financial markets is now under way, 
and the immediate beneficiaries are the 
yen and the Deutsche mark. 

So far, the biggest victim is the Mexican 
peso. It ended last week down 2.6 percent 
against the dollar, 2.5 percent against the 
* mark, 2 percent against the Swiss franc and 

■ 4.8 percent measured in yea The Mexican 

economy has a history of negative re- 
actions to increases in U.S. interest rates — 
the 1982 debt crisis and the 1994 peso 
crisis are recent examples — and such a 
U.S. rate increase is widely seen as im- 
minent as a result of last week’s report to 
Congress by Federal Reserve Board Chair- 
man Alan Greenspan. 

Analysts report that the fear of a rale 
increase together with widening doubts 
about whether European monetary uni- 
on will take place as planned on Jan. 1, 


1999, are creating uncertainty that is 
driving highly leveraged investors — 
speculators — to run for cover. 

Although there is some suspicion the 
new strength of theyen may be tied to the 
approaching end of Japan's fiscal year 
on March 31 — an event that tradi- 
tionally results in Japanese investors tak- 
ing profits in foreign markets and re- 
patriating the gains for year-end reports 
— Jesper Koll at JJP. Morgan & Co. in 
Tokyo says that the yen is being buoyed 
by an unwinding of what is known as the 
“cany trade,” in which speculators use 
low borrowing costs to profit by pur- 
chasing higher-yielding securities. 

Id a time of record low short-ierm 
interest rates of 0.5 percent in Japan, the 
yen has been used by high-stakes in- 
vestors to finance purchases of higher- 
yielding securities in the United States 
and Europe. These investors profit not 
only from the difference of as much as 
five percentage points between borrow- 
ing costs and income but also from the 


declining value of the yen — until re- 
cently, at least 

This sure bet began to become undone 
last week. The impression Mr. Green- 
span left of an imminent increase in U.S. 
interest rates caused a sell-off in the U.S. 
market. With prices falling, the yield on 
two-year Treasury notes, a Favored pur- 
chase of the cany traders, rose a quarter 
of a percentage point during die week. 

Add to that the recovery of the yen, 
whether from temporary repatriation by 
domestic investors or unwinding by cany 
traders, and the profit mi the cany eroded 
further. By week's end, the yen was up 
just over 2 percent against the dollar and 
even more against the European cur- 
rencies as uncertainty about monetary 
union caused asset prices to gyrate. 

The bulk of the yen’s move may 
already be over, as the size of the carry 
trade, estimated at around $48 billion in 
early February, is now thought to be down 
to $5 billion. But uncertainty about do- 
mestic repatriation leaves open the pos- 


sibility that the yen could strengthen fur- 
ther. The dollar ended last week at 120.22 
yen. and analysts see a possible move 
down to 1 18 yen before month's end. 

Thereafter, however, the yen is fore- 
cast to weaken during the yea- — taking 
the dollar as high as 1 32 yen in the view 
of Union Bank of Switzerland or, in J -P. 
Morgan's view, to 128 yen. 

Meanwhile, worries about monetary 
union are driving up the value of the mark 
within Europe. It gained 1.4 percent 
against the lira last week and made smal- 
ler advances against sterling, the Swiss 
franc and the Swedish krona. The dollar 
ended the week virtually unchanged 
against the German currency, at 1.6891 
DM. The prospect of rising interest rates 
should buoy the dollar, and many ana- 
lysts see it approaching a high of 1.80 
DM. But analysis at Morgan Stanley & 
Co. in London forecast a growth spurt in 
Germany that will leave the dollar strug- 
gling to remain above 1 .60 DM by the 
end of the year. 


Reuters 

MADRID — Prime Minister Ro- 
mano Prodi of Italy is convinced that 
Europe's single currency project will be 
launched without delay in 1999. ac- 
cording to an interview published 
Sunday. 

“I'm sure it will happen because now 
that we are embarked upon the course, I 
can’t imagine the possibility of making 
changes without causing severe dam- 
age," Mr. Prodi was quoted as saying in 
the newspaper El Pais. 

In a television interview Friday, Mr. 
Prodi said Germany might request a 
rescheduling of the starting date of the 
proposed monetary union. Although the 
German Finance Ministry later denied 
any plans to change the dare, Mr. 
Prodi ’s comments weighed heavily on 
the market, sweeping the Deutsche 
mark higher againsi the currencies of 
many of its European neighbors, par- 
ticularly tiie Italian lira. 

“In any case. Italy can 't ask for delays 
or changes in conditions,” Mr. Prodi 
said. “We can only honor our oblig- 
ations.” A decision on which countries 
would qualify for initial membership in 
the common currency is to be made by 
early 1998 on the basis of how well 


countries meet targets on inflation, ex- 
change rates, interest rates, deficits and 
public debt 

Meanwhile, Germany and Austria re- 
iterated their determination to stick to the 
set criteria for the currency union. In a 
joint statement released after an informal 
weekend meeting of both countries’ for- 
eign ministers in the Austrian ski resort of 
Lech am Ariberg, they said. “We re- 
affirm our conviction Co call for full com- 
pliance with all criteria for joining eco- 
nomic and monetary union.” 

Foreign Minister Klaus Klnkel of 
Germany attacked what he called "ir- 
responsible'' market speculation that 
Germany was seeking a delay, saying 
the launch of the euro, the planned com- 
mon currency, was a "question of fate" 
for Europe. Separately. Labor Minister 
Norben Bluem of Germany called for 
closer cooperation among unions, em- 
ployers and the government to fight 
unemployment, which is expected to hit 
another record high when February data 
are released Thursday. 

The rise in unemployment, with its - 
resulting costs and loss of tax revenue, 
has fed fears that Germany may not be 
able to get its finances in shape for 
European monetary union by 3999. 


CYBERSCAPE 


Bugs on the Web: Wait Until ’98 for Real Profits 


By Richard Covington 

Special to (he Herald Tribune 

C annes — if only a 
handful of companies 
are making money on 
the World Wide Web, why is 
a rock star racing to create a 

Web site? . 

The Web is unlikely to gen- 
erate a return for investors for 
another two to three years, 
according to Gene DeRqse. 
president and chief executive 


officer of Jupiter Comm uni- Zone, CNN Interactive, Play- 
cations LP, a New York- boy and a few other companies 
based firm that tracks the In- not in the information- tech- 
temet. oology business have realized 

SeDing goods and services a profit from their Web sites, 
over the Web will not become Mr. DeRose sad. The rest, 
a major source of revenue, such as Microsoft Corp.. Net- 
alongside advertising and sub- scape Communications Corp. 
script] ons, until 1998. when and Yahoo! Inc., a popular 
problems with security and search engine for navigating 


with making small payments 
via credit cards are expected to 
be ironed out, he said. 

So far. only ESPNet Sports 


CURRENCY RATES 


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sites on the Web, are primarily 
involved in supplying the 
technology that delivers Inter- 
net users to sites, he said. 

Even though Internet ad- 
vertising revenue jumped six- 
fold in 1996, to $350 million 
worldwide, two-thirds of this 
income was generated by 
only 10 Web sites. Mr. DeR- 
ose said. 

Global on-line advertising 
revenue should reach $1.25 
billion this year and more 
than $5 billion by 2000, he 
said. 


By comparison, global ad 
revenue for television, news- 
papers and other media 
totaled $160 billion last year. 

But this hardly seemed to 
make a difference at Milia, a 
multimedia market and con- 
ference held here recently, 
where lucrative propositions 
emerged for making the Web 
tum a profit. 

MSN, Microsoft’s Internet 
network, has just signed an 
agreement with Jim Henson 
Productions, creators of the 
Muppets, and plans to spend 
$1 billion creating additional 
content for its service over the 
next three years, according to 
Steve Billinger, the network's 
executive producer. 

The network has so far de- 
pended heavily on recruiting 
subscribers to generate rev- 
enue, taking in 10 times as 
much in subscriptions as it 


does in advertising, although 
he declined to release figures 
on either. The network plans 
to generate additional income 
by charging other Internet 
services a fee to be distributed 
with the basic MSN package. 

In a news conference, the 
singer George Michael show- 
cased real-time videos over his 
Web site using a newly de- 
veloped technology that 
should eliminate long down- 
load times. 

His site takes advantage of 
Rea) Video, a sophisticated 
program developed by Pro- 
gressive Networks Inc., based 
in Seattle, that enables Inter- 
net users to “stream” video 
and audio clips onto their 
screens in a matter of seconds 
instead of the hours previ- 
ously required. 

Internet address: Cyber- 

Scape (wiht.com 


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Reuters 

PHUKET, Thailand — Finance ministers of 
seven Southeast Asian nations pledged in- 
creased cooperation in banking, customs and 
insurance, but they left untouched the question 
of joint defease of their currencies in the event 
of attack by speculators. 

Finance ministers of the Association of 
South East Asian Nations announced after a 
meeting Saturday that they would further 
relax banking regulations and give priority to 
strengthening regional commercial banks fa- 
cing greater competition because of the open- 
ing of global financial markets. 

The meeting took place after weeks of 
market attacks on the Thai baht by currency 
traders and fund managers speculating that 


the strong U.S. dollar might give Thailand an 
excase to devalue its currency to help lift 
exports. Speculators also were concerned 
about the high foreign debt of the Thai private 
sector, nonperforming real-estate Ioarcs and 
the Thai slock market's prolonged slump. 

The finance ministers said their statement 
had not contradicted their support for ferther 
negotiations among members of the World 
Trade Organization on the deregulation of 
financial services. Those talks are scheduled 
to resume next month. 

The ministers from Malaysia. Indonesia, 
the Philippines, Brunei. Singapore, Thailand 
and Vietnam also said increased cooperation 
would be crucial.to creating an ASEAN Iree- 
trade area by 2003. 


Georgetown 'University 



Executive Interna tional 
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June 11 - 14, 1997 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, SATURDAY-SUNDAX. MAY 3-4, 1997 


EAGE13 


* 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Thailand Delays Property-Bailout Bond Issue 


Bloomberg Sews 

BANGKOK — The, government 
unexpectedly ddaycd die launching 
Friday of a $2 billion borrowing pro- 
gram for troubled property and fi- 


oq its plan to rescue the industries. 

The delay underscored the dif- 
ficulty of the task confronting the 
government and the agency crated 
to manage the bailout, which some 
analysts said could cost $12 billion. 

The Finance Ministry did not say 
why the agency, the Flrpperty Loan 
Management Organization, had 
delayed its planned sale of $1 billion 
baht ($38.3 million) of bonds. 

But an official at die Financial 
Institutions Supervision and Devel- 
opment Board said the sale had been 
delayed until next week because the 


i cabinet approved the agency's 
borrowing pirns three days ago. 

“It's easy to make announce- 
ments, hand to implement,” said 
David Riedel, analyst at Salomon 
Brothers (HJC) Ltd. “These pro- 
grams invariably get delayed or 


shrink." The agency has a 
ahead of it For four years, the ' 
properly market has beta mired in a 
slump because of overbuilding and 
high interest rates. 

Thailand's slowest . economic 
growth in a decade triggered a wave 
of loan defaults by developers last 
year, leaving tenders in the lurch. 

About 40 percent of the 900 bil- 
lion baht of loans made to property 
developers in the early 1990s are in 
default. The agency, modeled on the 
UwS. agency that bailed out failed 
savings -and-ioaa institutions in the 
early 1990s, will buy some of these 
loans — mainl y from ailing finance 
companies — and make new ones to 
developers so that they will have 
enough cash to finish projects. 

The agency planned to sell about 1 
billion baht of bends maturing in 
seven years. The securities will not 
pay interest; instead, they will be sold 
at a steep discount to their face value 
and will yield about 9 percent 

But that was not high enough fix- 
many foreign fund managers, who 
will be able to buy the zero-coupon 


bends. The securities, implicitly 
backed by the government, would be 
hurt even more than ordinary bonds 
if Thai interest rates rose, because 
zercncoupon bonds do not pay reg- 
ular interest 

If rates rise half a percentage 
point, for example, the price of the 
seven-year zero-coupon bailout 
bonds paying 9 percent a year would 
fall 3.28 jjercent, while the price of a 

bond paying about 10 percent a year 
would rail just 2.40 percent 

“We're just not interested in 
bonds like this," said Rosa Wong, a 


baht mil be needed to resolve the 
crisis. 

In addition, few people expea the 
agency to provide a quick fix for the 
Thai properly market's problems. 
Bangkok office prices are likely to 
fall as much as 10 percent this year 
because demand will not keep pace 
with the amount of new space com- 
ing on the market, analysts said. 


■ New Mergers Are Forecast 


fund manager at Perepine Asset 


Management (HJC) 

Traders said the government 
might pressure local banks to buy 
the bonds. With overnight leading 
rates at 8 percent, those banks may 
barely be able to cover tbe cost of 
buying the bailout brads. 

Even before the bonds were due to 
go on sale, tbe agency was off to a 
shaky start This week, the Thai cab- 
inet halved the agency's borrowing 
limit, to SO billion baht Standard & 
Pbor's Coip. says about 300 billion 


More mergers are expected among 
Thai finance companies in die near 
future as competition intensifies, 
making it necessary to have a larger 
capital base, Reuters reported, quot- 
ing a central bank official. 

“It is certain dot the number of 
finance companies will decrease 
through the mergers,” said die Bank 
of Thailand’s deputy governor, 
Jaroong Nookhwun, adding that the 
mergers would “help boost com- 
petitiveness in preparation fix fiercer 
competition following the liberal- 
ization of die financial market.” 

Thailand has 91 finance and se- 
curities companies. 


Shares Slide 
In Philippines 


C<*vMbythrSafFmDigKacha 

MANILA — Philippine 
stocks slumped to a 16-month 
low Friday, with Pilipino Tele- 
phone Coip. collapsing to its 
lowest point ever, two days 
after the central bank raised its 
overnight leading rate to 11 
percent from 1025 percent 
Pilipino Telephone fell 12 
percent to dose at 1 1 pesos (42 
U.S. cents). Tbe cellular phone 
company's first-quarter profit 
shrank 83 percent 
Manila's 30-share composite 
index fell 42 SI points, or 1.6 
percent to 2,605.65, its lowest 
point since Jan. 2, 1996, as con- 
cern about the property sector 
weighed on bank stocks. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg ) 



Source: TeMags 


laremkaal Hnld Tribmc 


Taipei Stocks Plummet 

Sluggish Profits Cast Doubt on This Year’s Rally 


CemtAdbtOwSkfFn 

TAIPEI — The stock market plunged 3.5 
percent Friday as a slide in technology 
companies ana disappointment over cor- 
porate profits cast doubt over this year's 
sharp rally. 

The Taipei Stock Exchange's weighted 
index fell 298.66 points, to 8,187.00, its 
biggest-one day drop since May 20, 1996. 
Analysts said they expected further de- 
clines amid political aria economic uncer- 
tainties. 

Advanced Semiconductor Engineering, 
Mustek Corp. and other electronics compa- 
nies led the way after several of die compa- 
nies reported weaker-than -expected first- 
quarter profit in the past week. 

Those results raised concern that a 21 
percent gain in the benchmark index so far 
this year had outstripped the prospects for 
corporate profits. The index is still up 18 
percent on the year. 

“This market ran ahead of itself,” said 


Jonathan Ross of HG Asia Securities 
Taiwan Ltd. “The earnings that have come 
through haven’t been spectacular, and It 
wQl only be in the second half — or into 
1998 — that things will really pick up." 

Electronics stocks accounted for a third 
of the decline in the benchmark index, and 
the group took its biggest dive in almost 14 
mo nths. Mustek, which makes scanners, 
fell 1 1 Taiwan dollars (40 U.S. cents), to 
155 after reporting disappointing earnings. 

Concern over the island’s social, political 
and economic - outlook also was likely to 
prolong the correction, analysts said. 

The decline was speeded by concern that 
die unsolved murder of a Taiwan actress's 
daughter wih prompt wealthy individuals to 
pin off investments or emigrate, traders 
said. This was the third high-profile murder 
here in six months and raised concern that 
die gov ernment is having trouble cracking 
down on gang-related crime. 

( Reuters . Bloomberg) 


Very briefly: 


• A Nomura Securities Co. shareholder is suing 
former executives of the company, including its 
former president, Hideo Sakamaki, and several of its 
former directors. The suit alleges that die executives 
did material damage to shareholders when they 
fimneted 70 million yen ($550,000) to Kojin Bond- 
ing, a company linked to sokmya corporate rack- 
eteers, die Jiji news service reported. 

• Hyundai Engineering & Construction Co. of 
South Korea and Zueblin AG of Germany have 
been awarded a $222-5 million contract to build a 
20-kilometer (12.4-mile) section of railway for the 
Singapore subway. Hyundai's share of the contract 
is valued at $159.4 million and Zueblin’s at $63.1 
million, the companies said. 

• The foreign share of Japan's semiconductor 
market rose to 29.4 percent in die fourth quarter of 
1996, the second-highest level ever and 23 per- 
centage points hi g her than in die third quarter, the 
U.S. trade representative, Charlene Barshefsky, 
said. The foreign share of Japan's chip market 
averaged 27 5 percent fix all or 1996. 

• Century Zinc Ltd-, a unit of RTZ-CRA Group, 
said a settlement had been reached in a dispute wife 
aboriginal groups in Australia that had held up 
mining of the world's largest untapped zinc deposit 
for three years. The project, valued at 1.1 billion 
Australian dollars ($863.2 million), will be allowed 


to proceed if the government of Queensland stare 
revives a 30 mini on -dollar compensation package 
fix the groups. Century, the world’s largest mining 
company, will pay an additional 60 milli on dollars 
in compensation. 

• Indonesian stocks fell for a third day, led by PT 
Telkom, amid concern about the country's political 
stability. Tbe Jakarta Stock Exchange’s composite 
index fell 2-6 points, or 039 percent, to 647.9 points. 
For the week it fell 0.7 percent, or 4.6 points. 

• Australia ordered Can West Global Commu- 
nications Corp- of Canada to reduce its stake in 
Ten Group lid. by Sept. 30. CanWest increased 
its stake in the television network in January to 76 
percent from 5725 percent; the ruling said CanWest 
must cut the stake back to its previous IeveL 

• Westpac Banking Corp.’s shares staged after the 
bank said it would spend as much as 357 milli on 
Australian dollars buying back 2.8 percent of its 
stock. The shares rose 2 percent to close at 7.05 
dollars amid expectations die buyback would en- 
sure demand for die Sydney-based bank’s stock. 

• Tbe Singapore International Monetary Ex- 
change, Singapore’s futures exchange, is exploring 
opportunities for other contracts based on regional 
stock indexes after die positive performance of its 
Taiwan stock index contract 


• Win g Tick Holdings Bhd.’s profit before special 
itemslor the six months ended Jan. 31 fell 71 
percent to 122 million ringgit ($486,000), on 
lower steel prices and the costs of maintaining a 
large inventory of raw materials. 

• Australia's prime minis ter, John Howard, said 
the country’s media needed mare local Investment 
riving a Oft to Kerry Packer’s bid for tbe John 
Fairfax newspaper group. Separately, Mr. Howard 
said that News Corpus Australian unit News Ltd-, 
had asked the government to raise its 15 percent 
limit on foreign ownership so that the company 
could increase its stake in Seven Network Ltd. 


• Tbe Tokyo Stock Exchange continued a three- 
week ascent as signs pointeoto a further surge in 
profits by Japan’s export powerhouses. The Nikkei 
stock index rose 12 percent, or 239.42 points, to 
close at 19314.75 as institutional investors actively 
bought selected international blue chips. 

• Mongolia enacted tariff reforms that abolished 
virtually all customs duties, including those on oil, 
its largest import item. 

• Indian Rayon & Industries LtdL, a rayon and 
cement maker controlled by Birla Group, said net 
profit rose 162 percent, to a higher-than-expected 
2.15 billion rupees ($60.1 minion) in its latest year. 

rite flat cement prices and a new tax on 
its. WP. Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP 


J 

}|" 


1 


Jf 

I ■' 
i J ' 


• I 


in 




Coca-Cola Buys Korean Bottler 


Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — Coca-Cola Co„ shrugging off 
protests that it unfairly canceled an agreement 
with a local bottling company, moved ahead 
Friday with plans to increase its investment in 
South Korea. 

Coca-Cola Korea Bottling Co. said it had 
bought plants, land and equipment from 
Honam Foods Co. for what Yoohap news 

n ($54.4 mil- 


percent of the $1 billion bottling market 
The transaction came as workers from Bum 
Yang Food Co. protested Coke’s plan to start 
its own bottling business. Bum Yang, which 
was a Coke bottler until its contract expired 
March 31, rejected Coke’s buyout bid, and 
South Korea's Fair Trade Commission began 
an investigation last month of Coke’s 
moves. 


agency said was 483 billion won I 
lion). 

A Coca-Cola spokesman declined to dis- 
close the amount of the cash transaction but 
said the amount was “not too far off.*’ 

The acquisition follows Coke’s purchase of 
the plants and equipment of another bottler, 
Woosung Food Co., last week and is pan of 
Coke’s 5400 million five-year investment pro- 
gram announced in March aimed at increasing 
its business in Korea. It now has about 59 


■ Wne-Chip Stocks Rise in Seoul 


Foreign investors bought South Korean 
blue-chip shares Friday, the first day of the 
latest increase in the ceiling on foreign-owned 


stocks, brokers said. Renters reported. 

to 23 percent from 


The ceiling, which rose 
20 percent, is applied to foreign holdings in 
individual companies. 

Seoul’s benchmark composite stock index 
rose 2.87 points, or 0.4 percent, to 706.10. 


RISK: Are Returns on China Ventures Worthlt? 


Continued from Page 9 


potation Nestle SA set up an 
entire unofficial distribution 
company in China to shadow 
the state-owned company that 
Nestle was required by law to 
hire to distribute its 
products. 

That Nestle company mon- 
itors stock rotation to make 
sure that no expired goods are 
left on retailers' shelves, even 
though that is supposed to be 
the state company’s job, said 
Anthony Lo. commercial di- 
rector for Nestle in Beijing. In 
essence. Nestle finds itself 
paying twice for product dis- 
tribution in China. 

The main attraction of 
China, of course, is size. Many 
companies feel they cannot 
pass up the world's biggest 
country and its 12 trillion po- 
tential consumers, erven 
though most of them are still 
very poor. The fact that all of 
their major compet i t or s may 
be in China already can only 
odd to the temptation. 

Yet size alone is not the 
only attraction. India is likely 
to become a bigger market 
than China in the next 30 years 
or so. yet it attracts barely 2 
. percent of the amount of for- 
eign investment that goes to 


China. Admittedly, Trriia is 
rated nearly as risky as China, 
but Indian investments pay off 
more handsomely. So why is 
China so more alluring? 

“It's something to do with 
how open these systems are.’ ’ 
said Wong Keng Siong, an 
economist at Yamaidu Re- 
search Institute in Singapore. 
India's prohibitive taxes on 
capital leaving the country act 
as a deterrent, as do ever-shift- 
ing regulations, he said. Also, 
analysts note, some “for- 
eign'’ investment in China is 
really Chinese money 
smuggled out and coming 
back m through Hong Kong. 

What companies may be 
overlooking is that taken to- 
gether, the more profitable 
countries of the region — In- 
donesia, Thailand, Malaysia, 


Singapore ami the Phflip- 
Soutn- 


pines. along with their ! 
east Asian neighbors — offer 
a population more than half 
the size of China's, and often 

far pcfltcf returns. 

“Businesses will not say 
‘We have to be in Southeast 
Asia,' because they look at 
countries, not regions," Mr. 
Hildehrandt said. Yet devis- 
ing strategics for tbe different 
markets and languages of 
China, with the highly de- 


centralized government that it 
has in place, may be riskier 
than setting up separate op- 
erations in Malaysia and In- 
donesia. for example. 

Consider the problems in 
China experienced by Volks- 
wagen AG, one of the coun- 
try's few foreign-investment 
success stories. According to 
the Economist Intelligence 
Unit, the German carmaker 
has captured nearly half of the 
national market for passenger 
cars, thanks to its joint-ven- 
ture Santana plant in Shang- 
hai. opened in 1986. But ana- 
lysts say Volkswagen has lost 
what could amount to as 
much as $100 million on a 
second plant in the northern 
city of Changchun. Different 
city, d ifferen t joint venture 
partner, different problem. 

Still, many companies Car 
less successful than Volks- 
continue their efforts 
A common refrain 


m 


from many of them is that 
they are taking a long-term 
view. The problem with that 
argument is that “the exec- 
utives who are making it 
won’t be around in 10 or 15 
years to answer to their share- 
holders who want to know 
what w cat wrong.” one mul- 
tinational executive said 



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PAGE 12 






PAGE 16 


Camacho Canes 
Sad Sugar Back 
Into Retirement 


By Steve Springer 

Las Ang efe s Times 

ATLANTIC CITY, New 
Jersey — It is perhaps die 
saddest sight in boxing. 

It was Joe Louis, lying on 
the canvas, a bald spot on his 
head gleaming in the lights. It 
was Muhammad Ali hunched 
over on a stool, his legendary 
reflexes unable to respond 
one more time. It was Julio 
Cesar Chavez with blood 
streaming down hjs face and 
Bobby Chacon with his mind 
gone blank. 

It is a great champion who 
takes on one too many op- 
ponents, fights one too many 
rounds, absorbs one too many 
punches. 

It happened again Saturday 
at the Atlantic City Conven- 
tion Center, it happened to 
Sugar Ray Leonard, who 
should have known better 
after taking a beating at the 
hands of Terry Norris in 1991 
in his last appearance in the 
ring. 

At 40. six years after his 
last Tight, eight years after his 
last victory, nine years after 
last winning a title, Leonard 
tried to come out of retire- 
ment for the fifth time, only to 
be hammered back into a life 
of leisure by Hector Ca- 
macho. who scored a tech- 
nical knockout at 1:08 of the 
fifth round. 

At the end, Leonard looked 
like all the previous great 
champions who fought and 
lost to Father Time. 

Having already been down 
once in that fifth round from a 
pair of left uppercuts, Le- 
onard was helpless on the 
ropes, blood coming down 
from a cut over his left eye, 
the hands that had dazzled so 


many opponents unable to 
handle the ferocious blows of 
Camacho. 

Eight, nine, 10 times Ca- 
macho peppered Leonard 
with lefts and rights before 
referee Joe Cortez stepped in 
to let Leonard know what the 
rest of the boxing world had 
already figured outf- 
it was over. 

Afterward, Leonard tried 
to put much of the blame for 
his performance on a sprained 
right calf muscle, an injury he 
said first occurred a month 
ago and flared up again two 
weeks ago. 

Leonard said the injury had 
caused him to be secretly hos- 
pitalized and that he had 
needed painkillmg medication 
to function as well as be did. 

“I had no control of my 
leg," be said. 

“I should have canceled 
the fight,” said J.D. Brown, 
Leonard’s adviser. 

“Camacho was superb,” 
Leonard said. “I don’t want 
to discount that, f fought a 
better fight than I thought I 
could fighL For a couple of 
minutes, I got the jab, then I 
didn't have the balance. 

He had the step on me first, 
and I couldn't push off on my 
right leg." 

Camacho, 34, came out ag- 
gressively in the first round, 
while Leonard looked tenta- 
tive and awkward. 

Leonard appeared to win 
the second round, discovering 
for one brief instant the dev- 
astating combinations that 
had put away some of the best 
fighters of the '80s. 

But by the third round, Ca- 
macho was back in control. 
By the fourth, Leonard had 
the cut over his left eye, and 
by the fifth, he was gone. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 



SPORTS 



ChsrG* Hkx Vbargu/nf Vmxialcd ftw 

Sugar Ray Leonard, left, couldn’t dodge Hector Camacho and lost the bout 


France Poised for Grand Slam 


Reuters 

LONDON — Only Scotland stands be- 
tween France and a Grand Slam in the Five 
Nations rugby union tournament. The two 
teams, which both won on Saturday, will 
meet in Paris in two weeks on the final 
Saturday of this year's competition. 

France won the title in 1967, 1977 and 
1987 and is in a position to extend that se- 


Five Nations Rugby 


quence after a late rally Saturday gave it a 23- 
20 victory over England at Twickenham. 

England led, 20-6, midway through the 
second half after dominating the first hour. 
But the French seized the initiative to gain 
their first victory in England in a decade. 

“If England bad won we couldn't have 
complained, but we kept going.” said Pierre 
Villepreux, the French assistant coach, after 
an extraordinary finish in which France 
drew level with converted tries for Laurent 
Leflamand by Christophe Lamaison and 


then won when Lamaison converted a pen- 
alty kick with four minutes left. 

“In the end, our philosophy won it.” said 
Villepreux, an advocate of attacking rugby. 
“We played the rugby I like, and we played 
it well. Mentally, we were superior.” 

Jack Rowell, the England coach, de- 
scribed the end of the game as “the worst 
20 minutes of my life.” 

His team had played well for an hour in 
windy conditions. Lawrence DaOaglio 
seemed to have put England on its way to a 
third consecutive Five Nations tide with a try 
a minute before halftime. Paul Grayson 
kicked four penalties and a drop-goal as 
England’s forwards dominated, bat be 
missed an easy kick after half an hour and 
that proved decisive. 

Scotland, which had lost its first two 
games, beat Ireland in Edinburgh, 33-10. 
Alan Tait, who has joined the flow of rugby 
league players back to rugby union, madehis 
first appearance for Scotland in nine years 
and sewed the first of his team's five tries. 


The Folly in Langkawi Ends, 
With All Promising to Return 





International Herald Tribune 

LANGKAWI, Malaysia 
— The silliest rumor swept 
the Tour de Langkawi: The 
six-man Swiss Post team 
would be unable to complete 
the bicycle race because the 
organizers had given them 
tickets home on a flight, be- 
fore the finish, and it was im- 
possible now to change the 
reservations. 

While the Swiss would be 
gone, they would still be cred- 
ited with the fifth-best time — 
the rumor was specific — in 
the last of 12 daily stages and 
thus would qualify for the 1 
million ringgit ($402,700) 
prize list. 

Ridiculous, right? Of 
course. 

The Swiss Post team was 
not credited with the fifth- 
best time or any time at all in 
the stage Sunday on the island 
of Langkawi. The rest is true. 
Although the Swiss showed 
up in their yellow and red 
jerseys, they really did have a 
plane to catch. 

For protocol's sake, since 
Prime Minister Mahathir bin 
Mohamad was to wave the 
starting flag, the Swiss planned 
to ride about one kilometer of 
the 60-kilometer (37-mile) 
route, then detour to a bus to 
take them to the airport. Then- 
flight to Kuala Lumpur was 
leaving at 5:30 PAL, which 
just gave them time once the 
stage started at 3. 

It didn't, however, because 
all the dismantled bicycles ar- 
rived on a ferry at 12: 15 and the 
start was postponed to 3:30. 

“This is terrible," said the 
team's directeur sporrif 
Jacques Midland. “Bur we 
told them a long time ago that 
we had to leave as soon as 
possible after the finish. We 
have races in Italy and Switzer- 
land later this week. For our 
sponsor, those races are more 
important than this one. 

“So they changed our tick- 


Cych'ng/SAWUBi. Ant 

bat the only flight they much better than minun^ 

d put us on u; thiTone. If back home, d Jjermi . 

vait another day, we get comeback * > , r ‘ 0 ^ ex - 
. to Switzerland too late.” Tafi coidd 
In a coconutshell, that an- pansive ~ nc f='iv j 

ccdote summed op the second stages, he deposi .gam's i 
itsec- 12$00 ringgit m the team a 


Tour de Langkawi and 
centric organization. Indeed, 
in a rare display of outrage, 
inter national judges fined the 
zanizexs 1,100 Swiss francs 


bigger winner was- 
Luca Scioto, 

organizers i.iuuawissrraucs neyman with MG. ^ 

($744), the currency of bi- share with his teamm _h f or 
cycle racing, after stage four 80,000 nnggu he g 
winning the race 


because of 10 instances of im- 
proper marking of the coarse 
and its obstacles. 

The trauma began even 
earlier and lingered. In the 
first three days, two stages 
were made unofficial because 
of late and disorganized air- 

? lane departures and arrivals. 

edioosly long bus journeys 
between stages near the end 
did not help either. 

“Those first few days were 
hell,” said Brian Walton, a 
Canadian rider with the Sat- 
urn team from the United 
States and the winner of a 
stage. “The transfers later 
weren’t good, but they wer- 
en't outrageous." 

That anxiety was a shame 
because in many ways the 
race was exemplary. A survey 
of riders showed that almost 
all praised racing conditions, 
their safety on die road and 
the high quality of their hotels 
and food. 

Spectators were numerous, 
friendly and engaging, and 
the sun greenhoused down 
after the first few days; many 
a member of the race entour- 
age arrived pink as a lichee 
and will return home brown 
as a betel. 

“A good race,” said An- 
drea Tah, an Italian with the 
Mapei team and the world's 
llth-ranked rider. “Very 
nice training for the European 
classics, lots of stm and heat. 


sey. MG also won the warn 


was 




22,000 ringgit he . 
daily since stage six. when he 
first donned the yellow jer- ■ 


tide, based on its top 
riders' times, and that 
worth 60,000 ringgit- 

The MG team had quire a 
haul, since Nicola Lctda. an- 
other of its riders, won the- 

green points jersey Sunday 

that was worth 50.000 rraggp- 
Loda edged Frank MckjPT- 
marif of Satum. who had 
worn the jersey for more than 
a week and was bound to keep 
it until, with four kilometers 
to go, the nipple on a ore 
broke and the air escaped. 

By the rime his wheel was 
replaced. McCormack could 
finish no better than :*4th 
while Loda came in fifth and 
gained the points he needed 
for his victory. A 40-cent part 
became worth 23.00ft rin ggit, 
the difference between first 
and second place. 

Michaud, the coach of 
Swiss Post, asked whether he 
and his team would return next 
year, said: “Certainly. If they 
invite us, we'll be back." He 
looked as if he had more to say • 

but the driver of his bus 
honked. Swiss Post had a pli 
to catch from Langkawi to ] 
ala Lumpur, then ro London 
and finally Zurich. 

Some races are full of 
transfers. 


,Tj1 


iirleston 

U Ton ri 


* i 


Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


Phoenh 


19% 


Exhibition Baseball 


mwritMiB 

Atlanta 5. Los Angeles 4, 11 Innings 

Qndnrafl & Texas 5 

Florida 11. Baltimore 2 

Oevekmd B. Houston 2 

Mew York Yankees 7, SI. Louis 3 

Toronto 2. Pittsburgh 0 

Kansas <2ly 7. Detroit 7. to Innings 

Chicago White San 15, Minnesota 9 

San Francisco £ Sun Diego 3 

Chicago Cuts A Seattle 2 

Mbwoukeevs. Colorado atTucson, Arte, ppd. 

Mfl. 

Oakland 12, Anaheim 2 
Beslan 1& Boston College 0 

SBUIMriMHIS 
Montreal 2. Atlanta 1 
PltitodelpNa 7. Pittsburgh 6 
N.Y. Yankees 8, andrewn & 10 tattings 
Florida 8, Baltimore 7 
Houston t. Kansas Clfy4 
Taranto 3. 5L Louis 2 
Boston 9, Minnesota 4 
Tews 12, Chicago White Sar 6 
Cleveland 2Qt Detroit 4 
New Yodt Mets L Los Angeles 5 
Otfttand 9, Chicago Cubs S 
Son Frandsco 11, Anaheim 9 
Colorado 11 Milwaukee 3 
Seams 14. San Otago 7 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Standings 



ATLANTIC DTVniON 
W L 

Pci 

GB 

Miami 

42 

IS 

737 

_ 

New York 

42 

16 

.724 

■A 

Orion do 

30 

25 

-S45 

11 

Washington 

26 

31 

456 

16 

New Jersey 

17 

39 

-304 

2 4^ 

Phltartepitia 

IS 

41 

768 

26W 

Boston 

11 

46 

.193 

31 

Chkaga 

CENTRAL DIVtSKM 
50 7 

.877 


Defratt 

42 

14 

750 

7*A 

Atlanta 

38 

18 

679 

llta 

Cnorialte 

36 

22 

-62J 

14'4 

Cleveland 

32 

24 

.571 

17VS 

Indiana 

27 

29 

-482 

22 'A 

MRwaufcee 

25 

32 

.439 

25 

Toronto 

20 

37 

-351 

30 

WUT8KN (OMnwa 



uiowEaT ixvrsioN 
W L 

PcJ 

GB 

Uuti 

40 

In 

.714 

_ 

Houston 

38 

20 

ASS 

3 

Minnesota 

29 

27 

JIB 

11 

Dallas 

19 

36 

-345 

OTA 

Denver 

17 

41 

-293 

24 

San Antonia 

13 

43 

732 

27 

Vancouver 

11 

49 

.183 

31 

Seattle 

PACIFIC DIVISION 
40 16 

714 


LA- Lakers 

39 

IB 

.684 

VS 

Portland 

30 

28 

JT7 

11 

LA. Clippers 

25 

29 

-463 

14 

Sacramento 

26 

32 

Ate 

15 

Goldan Stole 

21 

IS 

JOS 

19 


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nuursusran 
Saa Antonio 20 16 19 18- 73 

Orlande 22 24 2* 29-94 

SJUXWllklns 7-17 4-5 19, Del Negro 6-14 
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8), Orlando 46 (Strang 11]. Assists— San 
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MVwanfete 22 23 19 21— as 

Indiana 29 23 23 29—104 

M; Robinson A-12B-10 2a Alien 5-104-5 l«t 
t Sralls 8-11 54 21, Miller 8-12 2-3 20. 
Rebounds— MOwaUkee 47 (Baker9), Indiana 
42 (DJJavte 11}. Assists— Milwaukee 19 
[Baker 6), Indiana 32 (JaOsan 191. 

Detroit 25 2* 24 15 23—106 

Boston 14 21 26 16 16-100 

□: HE 11-21 7-11 29, Hunter 8-15 4-5 21* 
Oay 10-17 1-2 2d. Watte* 8-19 +7 20. 
Rebounds— Detroit 52 (HB ID, Boston 49 
(Walker 10). AsjWs-Oetrolt 22 (HOI 121. 
Boston 27 (Wesley 12). 

L A. Lnkers 15 28 19 13- 75 

Atlanta 21 23 27 15- 86 

LAj Jones 6-142-2 17, Blount 66 4-4 12r A; 
Mutarnba 11-15 56 Z7. Blaylock 10-162-427. 
RAmmdf— Los Angeles 46 (Campbell 7), 
Atlanta 54 (Murom be 14). Assists— Los 
Angeles 13 Unties 5}, Attanto 30 (Corttin, 
BlaylockS}. 

Golden Stole 30 35 28 24-117 

New Jersey 34 22 19 33-108 

V: SpraweO 10-18 15-17 37. Smith 9-18 2-5 
20; NJj G« 8-1612- IS 3ft Gating 6-125-5 17. 
Rebemds— Golden State SS(SmtttvSpreweD 
B), New Jersey 48 (McDaniel, Montrose 6). 
Assists— Golden state 24 (Coles 8), New 
Jersey 22 (Jackson, Cassea 5). 

Seattle 29 24 20 23- 96 

Minsk 23 22 30 18— 95 

5; Payton 9-20 8-8 27, Kemp 10-15 6-10 2& 
M: Hantaway 9-19 5-529, Lzrard 7-13 1-3 20. 
Rebounds— Seattle 48 (Kemp II). Miami 51 
(Brown Hardaway 9). AssfaK— Seattle 20 
(Payton 1 1}, Miami ZJ (Hardaway 1 1). 
Sacramento 22 20 40 26-108 

CUcoga 32 40 31 23—126 

& AbduLRauf 10-17 04) 26. Owens 9-14 1-2 
2a C Jordan 13-20 4-5 35, Pippen 10-165-729. 
Rebounds— Sacramento 50 (Potynice 11), 
Chicago 61 (Rodman 11). Alsfcta— S. 29 
(Rfchmamf fib C. 32 (Harper, Jordan 6). 

New York 29 27 24 15 17—112 

Darner 36 18 20 21 13— lee 

N-Yj Storks 8-14 4-4 23, Ewing 8-21 69 22; 
DrMcDyess 11-21 10-1232, L-EEs 11-24 5-7 
29. Rebounds— New Yum 57 (Oakley 18), 
Denver 49 (McOyess, Johnson 7). 
Assists— New Ytak 21 (Oakley B), Denver 24 
(GWdwtie 9). 

PMarMpUa 25 27 29 23-104 

Vbncotnw 22 34 25 19—180 

P: Stockhouse 613 12-13 25. 


LA. (Uppers 30 18 38 16- 94 

T:StoudamlR 7-166622. Williams 6-13 3- 
3 19? LAJ Marlin 7-158-9 23, Sealy 5-129-10 
22. Rebounds— Toronto 45 (CRogeta 11), 
L» Angeles 60 (Wright 14). 
Assists— Toronto 16 (Christie, Stoudcartre 5). 
Los Angries 15 (Outlaw, Merita Si. 

(OllUtri RESULT! 
OaMenState 32 20 23 33-108 

Washington 34 29 33 22-118 

&S-- Sprewcfl 11-24 15-18 40 Marshall 5- 
10 4-5 15- W: Howard 10-17 66 25, Webber 
10-16 2-6 23. Rebounds— Golden State 49 
(Marsholl 7), Washington 55 (Webber. 15). 
Assists— Gakten state 16 (SpreweB 5). 
Washington 28 (Webber. Strickland 10). 
Baste* 14 25 19 23- >1 

Ctevetand 22 22 28 27— 99 

B: Walker 7-19 5-5 21, Fax 614 34 16c C 
Brandon 8-14 M ig, patapenka 7-9 1-1 15. 
Rebounds— Boston 4a (Day 97, Cleveland 49 
(HUI 11). Assists— Boston 16 (Wdstey 6), 
Cleveland 25 (Brandon 8). 

Dallas 31 17 14 18-80 

Houston 24 21 19 25- 89 

D: FWey 311 7-8 K Green 5-72-4 131 H: 
wnBs 11-20 4-5 26. Otalirwoo 8-20 0-0 16 
Rebounds— Dallas 38 (Bradley 91. Houston 
44 (Ota|uwon 11). Assists— Dalhn 21 (Pack 
St- Houston 27 (EJto 10). 

Sacramento 27 28 34 32—183 

NUhnafeee K n 13 22— 91 

Sr Owens 14-21 2-3 31, Richmond 9-22 7-8 
2 81 M: Baker 9-20 2-2 20, Rattinsan 624 66 
18. Rebounds— Sacramento 59 (Owens 17). 
Milwaukee u (Baker 15). 
AsaCRB— Sacramento 25 (Owens 9), 

Milwaukee 18 (Robinson, Douglas 5). 


HOCKEY 


NHL Stamdinqs 


ATLANTIC amSHMi 



W 

L T 

PIS 

GF 

GA 

PWaOdphta 

36 

17 10 

82 

211 

162 

New Jersey 

32 

18 12 

76 

171 

146 

Florida 

29 

20 15 

73 

175 

149 

N.Y. Rangers 

28 

27 9 

65 

204 

179 

Tampa Bay 

25 

30 7 

57 

172 

191 

Washington 

24 

31 7 

55 

158 

176 

N.Y. Islanders 

20 

32 10 

50 

166 

1B6 

NORT1EAST DIVISION 




W 

L T 

Pfs 

GF 

GA 

Buffalo 

33 

20 10 

76 

184 

156 

Pittsburgh 

31 

26 5 

67 

220 

205 

Montreal 

24 

30 11 

59 

202 

229 

Hartford 

24 

29 9 

57 

176 

195 

Ottawa 

21 

29 13 

55 

178 

187 

Boston 

21 

33 9 

SI 

184 

22* 


Wisim COWteRUKI 

CENTRAL DIVISrON 


Weatherspaon 6-13 B-10 2a- V; Reeves 8-16 


w 

L 

T 

Pta 

GF 

10-13 1U Abdur-Rahlm 8-15 6-7 22- 

Dallas 

38 

23 

4 

80 

197 

Rebeumte— Philadelphia 53 iS.WBams 10). 

Detroit 

31 

19 12 

74 

198 

Vancouver 47 (Abdur-Ratiim 10). 

SL Louis 

28 

29 

8 

64 

192 

Assfcto— PhOattelpltia 19 (iveraon 7). 

Phoenix 

28 

31 

4 

a 0 

181 

Vancouver 24 (Aramny 9). 

Chicago 

25 

30 

9 

59 

167 

Utah 24 29 22 30-185 

Toronto 

24 

37 

2 

50 

1B4 

ParttBBd 30 34 37 24-115 


PACIFIC DIVISION 


U: Malone 15-22 0-1 3a S Anderson 68 2-3 


w 

L 

T 

Pta 

GF 

T 6i P: tLAitaereonYl-16 5-63a Rider 11-17 2- 

Colorado 

39 

16 

B 

86 

211 

2 26. RebadMfs— Utah 35 (Malone 6). 

Edmonton 

29 

29 

7 

65 

203 

Portland 42 (Sabanls 91. Assists— Utah 32 

Calgary 

27 

31 

7 

61 

176 

(Stockton 11), Parikmd 26 OCAndersan 12). 

Anotietai 

26 

30 

7 

59 

183 

Toronto 18 39 24 20— 92 

Vancouver 

28 

33 

2 

58 

201 


197 


LOs Angeles 24 33 8 56 175 210 

San Jose 22 34 7 51 162 209 

RttMUr'S MSULTS 

Sob Jose 0 1 2—3 

Hatlhxd 1 1 0-2 

First Period: H-Sanderson 3a (Kron) 
Second Period: SJ.-Donovan 5 (Surter) (sh). 
a H-Sanderson 3) (Dlduck, Cossets) (pp). 
Thfed Period: SJ.-CuaRo 8 (Granola 
Turcatte) (pp). & SJ.-Frtese« 20 (Bodger, 
Erroy) Starts on gnat; SJ.-68-1 1—25. H-1T- 
104-25. Gaafies SJ.-Hrodey. H-Muzzaffl. 
N.Y. Islanders 1 « *-t 

Ottawa 2 1 1—4 

First Period: O-Yasltin 29 (Redden, 
McEadwm) Z O-Van Men 8 (Daigle. 
Cunneyworih) 1 New York, LopcAnte 7 
(Green, Palffy) Second Period: O- Yashin 30 
(Daigle. York) TWrd Period: DOwrsbe 11 
( Docked Tugnutt) tan). Shots on goat N.Y.- 
11-66-23. O- 9-10-6—25. GaoVes N.Y.- 
SakL O- Tugnutt. 

Awdietai 8 1 3-4 

Washington 0 1 0-1 

First Period: None. Second Pe ri o d: W- 
Bnmet 4 (Alteon) z A- Konya 31 (Drury, 
Setanne) Third period: A-Setanrw 37 
[Mironov, Kariyal IWl- L Arftyctod 10 
(Pronger, Sacco) 5. A-, Mhwvw 10. (sh-en). 
SBots on goaf: A- 13-9-11-33. W- 9-68-25. 
GoaBes: A-Hebert. W-Ccrey. 

Montreal 1 0 1—2 

Calgary 2 l 0-3 

Fbst Period: M-Rudnsky 21 (Malakhov, 
Bure) (pp). 2. C-Hogfund 16 (Gagner, Fteury) 
(pp). X C-Reury 23 (Igtala Rodno) (pp). 
Second Period: C-TItov 20 (Refchel I gin la) 
TbM Period: M-Kohru 14 (Cordon, Recdti) 
Shots an goal: M- 8-7-10-25. C- 10-10- 

10- 00. Goans: M-Thftcuir. C-Rotason. 

SARMDKY'S KS4WTS 
Pittsburgh 0 3 0-3 

New Jersey 1 3 1—6 

first Period: NJ.-ZetepuWn la. Z NJ^, 
MacLean 20 (Ntedennoyw. HoffiO Second 
Period: NJ.-Gllmour 18 (Ralston. MacLean) 
4, HJ.-Thomas 10 (Andreychuk, HoBk) Si 
New Jersey, Guerin 22 (Gdmour, Qiambers) 
6 P -Murray 9 I Hicks. Baines) 7. P-Volk 8 
(Tamer, Lemtaur) 8, P-LemJeux44 (Hatcher. 
Mullen) rpp>. Thud period: NJ. -MacLean 
21, (en). Shots on goob P- 8-10-8-26 NJ.- 
14-7-13—34. Goalies: P-Lalime, Wregget. 
NJ.-Bradeur. 

Fterida 0 0 0—0 

Tampa Bay 1 0 1—2 

First Period: T -Grattan 22 (Hamrllk. 
Cultanl Second Period: None. Third Period: 
T-acenrelfl 76 (LangAawl Shots on goat F- 
8-9-7-24. 7- 13-12-6—30. Goalies: F- 
Fitzpatrick. T-Tabaracd. 

Chicago 8 0 1— 1 

Cotorndo 0 0 2 2 

first Period: None. Second Period; None. 
Third Period: Colorado- Deed marsh 25. 
(penally shed). Z totorodo-Lemleu* 7 
(Farsberg. BnOngioro i Chicago-, Zhamnov 
13 (Dcze. Amonto) Shots on gaafc C- 169- 

11— 30. C- 10-13-12—35. Goalies: C-Hockett. 
C-BMlngton. 

NYRangers 0 0 0-8 

Detroit 1 1 |—3 

First Period: D-McCcrrty 17 (Shanahan. 
Larionov) Second Period: D- Shanahan 41 
(McCarty. Fellsav) TWrd Period; D- 
SandStrom 14 (Konstantinov. Yunnan) ten). 
Shots on goat New York 669—21. D- 10-9- 
6— 2S. GoaBes: New York. Richter. D- 


ADVERTISEMENT 


>Iemoi*abIe >Iomenis from Johnnie talker: R\1)FR Cl P u-uh Hmmrd Oaihch, 


~ n 1 * ?r j to' • M ; .\ — ri I c 


t «- 


Osgood. 

PbDaMpMa 3 0 2 0—6 

Boston I l 3 0-5 

Fbet Period: P-Kkrti 18 (Deslardtos. Otto) 
Z P-Renberg 16 (Undras) Z P-Waff 10 
UJndrm, Padeta) A B-WDson 2 (StompeL 
Mynraid) Second Period: B-D-Sweeney 3 
(Roy) Third Period: B-Kennedy 7 (Donato) 
(sh). 7, P-Podein 13 (Tlwrien) L P-Ktatt 20 
(Brtatfamour) (sh). 9. B-Beon 2 (Oates. 
WBson la B-Bourgue 14 (Outes, J.Roy) 
overUme: None. Strata aa goal: P- 11-611- 
. 1—29. B- 15-5-10-1-31. Gordies: P-HextaU. 
B-RmfonL 

Buffalo 8 2 1—3 

Ottawa 8 1 o-l 

first Perta* None. Sacand Period: B- 
P«ca 15 (Dowel Z Bv Auderta 22 (Grasek. 
SmehBd 3, O-Red den 4 (Lambert Daigle) 
Third Period; B-Audette 23 (ward, 
HoUngari Shota oa gorit B- 4-5*7— lo. o- 12- 

9- 9 — 30. Goalies: B-Hasek. O-Tugnutt 

Dodos T 8 O-l 

Catgory 1 2 1-4 

firoi Period; C-Igtala 20 isnuman, AlbeBn) 
(pp). Z D-Sydor 6 (Madam) Second Period: 
C-iglnla 21 (Hlusfiko) 4, C-. Stem 4 (Sifflrram. 
Hhishkol Thbd Period: C-Gagner 22 (Ward) 
(enl- Shots 00 goat D- 9-159-33. C- 12-8- 
7—37. Goalies: D-Irtw. C-RWoson. 

Son Jose 8 2 0-2 

Toronto 18 1-8 

Rret Period; T-Muner 19 (Murphy, CtaX) 
Z T-HendricMon 8 (SuBvon) Second Period: 
Sj.-Wocd 3 (Hunter, Frfesen) 4 SJ.- 
TuicoRe 12 (Gronata, GuaUal Third Period: 
T-Doml 8 (Wnrriner, Mutter) snots oa goafc 
SJ.- 612-12-28. T- 167-15 — 38. GaaDeS: 

S J.-Hrudey. T-Patvta, 

Loo AngWes 2 1 0-3 

Vancouver 8 0 0-0 

first Period; LA-Ferrara 20 (CHayk, 

Nurmlnenl (pp). 2. UL-Smyth 8 (J.VopoL 
MJohnsan) Second Period: I_A.-Shevatter4. 
Third Period: None. Sbota oa goafc LA- 7- 

10- 5-22. V- 12-12-11-35. Goottav LA- 
fisel.V- McLean. 

Montreal 2 2 1-5 

Edmonton 3 1 8-4 

Hrit Period: M-Bure II (Bureau, 
Utamfon) 2. E-Kflma 2 (Murray. Manttnntt 
1 E-Amott 16 (KHmrs WrigWl (pp). 4, M- 
WBile 6 (Koivu, Corson) 5, E-Smyth 28 
(Knmol (pp). Second Period: M-Tharaton 9 
(Bure) 7. M -, ReocW 30 (Bure. Canon) (pp). 
8. E -Grier 10 (Murray, Wetghl) Thfrd Period: 
M-Thomton Id (Bureau) Shota oa goat M- 
12-10-10-32. E- 15)613-32 Goalies; M- 
Theodore, Thtooult. E' Joseph. 


B. Longer. Germany 
T. Gaigeit. Germany 
P, McGlnley, Ireland 
P. Hums. N. Ireland 
M- Mackenzie, Eng. 

C- Montgomerie, Sant, 
AJ Cabrera, Argentine: 

C. Rocca Holy 


6670-68-69—273 
69-72-66-66—275 
69-71-67-69— 276 

68- 69-69-70 — 276 

69- 71-6670-276 
65-72-6671— 276 
73-72-70-63— 27b 

70- 69-71-68—278 


TENN IS 


RUGBY UNION 


Five Nations Cup 


SATURDAY, AT TWICKENHAM 
England 2a France 23 

SATURDAY. IN enNBUnaM 
Scotland 38. IrekBid 10 
IwnAm France 6 England A Wales 2, 
Scotland 2, Ireland 2. 

noniBraiis 

FTODAm RESULTS 
WeUInglan 18. Walkata 23 

SATURDArS HESULTS 
Queensland 19, ACT 24 
Northern Transvaal 4ft Auckland 40 
SUHOATS RESULTS 
Free Stole 2a Transvaal 24 
■r i iih i ii* ACT 4 points. Transvaal A 
Waikato a, Auckland 3, Northern Transvaal X 
Queensland 1. Free Stale l.Welhigton 1. Can- 
terbury a Natol a New Sauft Wales 0. Otago 
a 


SKIING 


World Cup 


CRICKET 


JUJCnuUATOUl 

1ST TEST. 3D DAT 
Baum AFntCA VS. ENOLAND 
SUNDAY, IH JOHANNESBURG 
South aMck 302 
AustiaBa: 479-4 


am 14JAY INTERNKTIONM. 

NEW ZEALAND VS. ENOLAHO 
SUNDAY. IN AUCKLAND 
New Zealand: 153 all out tram 39 J avers 
England 144 all out tram 41 J oven 
New Zealand wan by nine runs. EngkmO 
tents series 2-1. 3d match was draw. Last 
game or 5-match series is In WeMngton on 
Tuesday. 

areuroui 

4-SAV MATCH. ZND4MV 
JAMAICA VS —HA 
SATURDAY. IN MNGSTON. JAMAI C A 
Jamaica; 453 for nine declared 
India: 66 tor 7 



Dubai Desert Classic 


Leading ■core* otter the fourth WKl flnal 
round Sunday rtf the Oka 700.000 pound 
(tttra 1.1 mtatan) Dubai Desert Classic 
pUryoh on tha par 72 7.105-ysnJ (L3K- 
tnoter) Ennratea Golf dub course hi DUBAI, 
United Arab Em ir ate s: 

Green won wdh a btofle at first playoff tale. 
R. Green. AushaJIa IO-68-66-68—272 

G. Norman, Australia 71-45-67-66—272 

I WOosnam. Wales 69-47 -*7-69-272 


WOMDTS DOWMR1U. 

SATURDAY. IN HAKUBA, JAPAN 
7. Varvara Zelenskaya (Russia) 1: 3544 
i PemBto Wlberg (Sweden) 1J6JN 
L Rermte Goeochl lAustita) 1 aa.1 1 

4. HOde Gerg (Germany) 1 36.67 
5 Isolde Kostner (ttaty) 1 36J0 

6. Carafe MontWet (France) 1 J6J1 

7. Katharina Gutensohn (Germany) 1 JoJH 

8. Held Zurbriggen (Swflzeriand} M37J3Q 

9. Ingeborg Helen Marken (Norway) I J7J12 

10. HDary LJrata (USA) Id7.l7 
DawnWH stnSiga, 1. Varvoro Zelen- 
skaya <23 points, 2. HekH Zurbriggen 421, 3. 
Renata GmtiscW 4ia 4. Kat(a Selzingsr (Ger- 
many) 325, 5. Wide Kostner 315. 6. Partita 
Wlberg 3IZ 7, Httde Gerg 22& 8. Carole Man- 
Ill let 218, 9. Hltary Undh 207. KLSfefajiie 
Schuster (Austria) 186. 

Ornmn standhrasi 1- PentiBa Wlberg 
IJSS points, 2. Kofla Sekdnga 1,004, L Hllde 
Gerg 8844. Deborah Compagnanl(ttaly) 787, 

5. Held Zurbriggai 6U 6. Isolde Kostner 68a 
7. Anita wochtor (Austria) 654, 8. Varvara 
Zetefiskaya 588. 9. Renata Goetschl 5a 
llLMarifna Ertl (Germany) 451. 

MIM'S DOWNHILL 
1. Lasse K)os tNnrway) 1:37.12 
Z Pietro VltolM (ttaty) I27J6 
L EcU PodMnksv (Canada) 12756 

4. Josef Straw (Austria) 1^X01 

5. Luc Atahand (France) 138.10 
61 Fritz SbaU (Austria) 136.18 

7. KJetS Andre Aamodt (Norway) 13X29 
B. Franco Cavegn (Swf&atand) 128-56 
9. Hans Knaus (Austria) 1 28-59 
lOJdisttan Ghedna (Italy) 13841 
Pa-nun ataaid l nb a i 1. Luc Alphand 750 
pofnto Z Krisflon Ghedtna 62a 1 Frltt Strobl 
471, 4. wemer Franz (Auriria) 467, S. Arte 
Skoonlni (Norway) 434 *. Josef srroW 42S, 7. 
Pietro vttanni 360. 8. Franco CCreegn 299. 9. 
WlUhun Besse (Swltzeriand) 3S& 10. Warner 
Perothaner (Italy) 22Z 

UN’IflMM 
SUNDAY. IN KVTTTJELL. NORWAY 
1. Josef Strobl (Austria) I2A95 
Z Andreas SchltKrer (Ausrrta) 13563 
1 Lasse KJus (Norway) 12587 
4. Hermann Mate (Austria) 1:2&JQ 
He Luc AJphond (France) 126D2 

6. Bruno Kenten (SwI Be rlandl 126.14 

7. Doran Rahfves (UXJ 12623 

B. Guenther MaOer (Austria) 12629 

9. Kfeffl Andre Aamodt (Norway) 126J1 

10. Pietro VHnHnl (Italy) I2L43 
1. Aiahand U372. Z 


WMIBCUPQOMinBI 

ASIAN ZONE 
1ST ROUND GROUPS 
SUNDAY, M BANGKOK 
TlwBand 1, South Karea3 

OCEANIA ZDIW 

. 1ST ROUML PLAVOn*. RETURN LEG 
SATURDAY, IN HOMARA, SOLOMON »- 
LANOS 

Sakman tstamta 9, Tonga 0 
(Solomon islands advanced on 13-0 ag- 
gregate) ' 

DVKMUCW 

SUNDAY, IN KUALA LUMPUR 
RMAL 

Cwna 1 Bosnia 0 

owuHnuuniueia 

BiocJihum 1, Sunderland Q 
□ertryl Chelsea 2 
EvwtanaAraenal2 
Leeds 1, West Ham 0 
Manchester united 1 Coventry 1 
Newcastle a Southampton 1 
Sheffted Wednesday 1 MUdesbraugh 1 
Tottenham a Notti n gham Fores! 1 
Wfanbledon 1, Leicester} 

Aston Vita 1, Liverpool 0 
t reidtep ai Manchester United 57, Liv- 
erpool 53, Arsenal 51, Newcastle 48, Aston 
VIHa 46, Wimbtodan 4% Chelsea 42. Sheffleid 
Wednesday 42, Leads 3L Leicester 33, Ev- 
erton 32, Derby 3Z Tottenham 3Z Btackburn 
31, Sunderland 29. Covertly 28, Nottingham 
Forest 27,. West Ham 2& Southampton 24, 
Middlesbrough 19. 


Federation Cup 


Armenia Bletetold 3. VfL Bochum 1 
SctmBrefULFCSIPauttO 
FC Catagml,SC Freiburg 0 
Karlsruher sc I, Bor. Maenchenglodbacti l 
Wenter Bremai Z VfB Stuttgart 2 
Borussla Dortmund 4, I860 Munich 1 
Bayern Munich 5, MSV Dubburg 2 
Fortuna DuesseMorf a Bayer Leverkusen a 
fftewNw Bayern Munich 43, Borussia 
Dortmund 4a Bayer Leverkusen 38, vtB 

Shrttgart3a FC Cologne 32, KarisrotterSC 3a 

Schafce 04 3a wemer Bremen 29. vr. 
Bochum 29, Arm Into Bielefeld 25, I860 Mu- 
nich 24. Hamburger SV 2Z MSV Duisburg 231 
Fortuna Due59ektarf2ZMaenchengladbach 

2a FC SL Paul] 19, Hama Rostock 16, SC 
Frettnirgll 


Aainodf 879, 1 Gnedina 85a 4. StreM 82s 5. 
Thomas Sykora (Austria) 668L 6 Knauss643, 
7. Shaardal 628. 8. MKhoe) van Gruertgen 
(SwIDnfand) 62Z 9. Wemer Franz (Austrial 
586. la KJus 569. 



1 POLITICS 


Impeccable sources, 
intelligent, behind the scenes 
and at the heart of issues. 


Joe Fitch ett 
Political 
Correspondent 


If you missed his reporting in the 
1HT P look for it on our site on the 
World Wide Web: 


http://www.iht.com 


ZD HOUND 
UUetk Mompeitler3 
Bordeaux I, Cannes 0 
Nice Z Gueugnan (II) D 
NlortrilJa LavamiJl 
detail (IIU 1. Strasbourg 0 
dormant (IV1 4 , Parts Sr Germain 4 
( Ctemant wan 4-3 on penattles) 
GtringoRipl.CoenQ 
Trayes (li) 1, Auxene D 

nWUAJi FIK9T DIVISION 
Atotonta Z Perugia 2 
MBan I.Ramnl 
Parma 3, Cagflarf 2 
Sampctoria 1. Bologna 2 
Verona % Regatona 4 
Lada I, Ftorentfna 0 
Jirvwiius z Vtoema a 
Piacenza a Inter 3 

ta te ndhre « Juventas 4* inter 37, Parma 
37. Sampdoria 36. Bologna 35. Rama 32. Ato- 

torrta 3Z Vkxnza 3t. Loala 3a NapoS 29. MHan 

29. Flarentoa 28. Udlnese 27. Ptaca na 7a, 
Perugta 7X CogOori 19. Verona 17, Reggkma 
Idi 

ffWMMM HKNT DfUIMOH 

Gampasteta Z Sporting Gflon 1 
Zaragoza I, VMadoBd 0 
Radng SanlanderZ Exfremadiira 3 
Oviedo ZCeaaVIgaT 
Real Beds Z Hercules I 
LogranesLVblencta t 
Tenerife A Barcelona 0 

Royo VabKana 1. Deaoritva Canma 2 
AHettaa Madrid 3. Seotea 2 
Kte4t«u Real MadridS*. Baicriana 5i 
Real Bells 5a Deportlvo Coruna 5a AKenca 
Madrid «9. Real Sodedad 44 . Athletic BW>aa 


WORLD GROUP1 
GERMANY 2. CZECH REPUBLIC J 
Marlene WelngaerTner. Germany, def. 
Ludmila RfcWerevo. ■ jecn Reoubfic, 3^6. 7-S - 
6-3; Adriana Gersi, Czech Repuplic,. del. Bar- 
bara Rtttner. Germany, 6-4. 6-2. 

Ludmila Rlchlerova. Czech Republic def. 
Barbara Rtttner. Germany. 61.6-4; Adriana 
CenX Czech Reaublic def. Mnnene Wen- 
goertner, Germany, 6-2,62. 

Barbara RI finer and Elena Wagner, Ger- 
mnny.def. Ludntito Riditerovp and Eva Mar- 
Itacmra, Czech Republic. 7-6 f7-3). 6Z 
NETHERLANDS J. U.S. Z 
Miriam Oremans, Nerheriana% det Mary 
Joe Fernandez. United States. 61. 6HU Chan- 
da Rubin, united Slates, aet. Brenda Schultz- 
McCortfiy, Netherlands. 4-6, ><. 6-1 
Brenda Scnuttz-McCarttiy. Netherlands, 
rtaf. Mary Joe Fernandez. UnMr-d states. 

A~A 9-7. Miriam Oremans. Nehierionds, w- 
Chanda Rubin. United Stoles. 61 61. 

rambertey pa and Glgl Fernandez, Untied 
Slates det. Kristie Boa gen ana Manor BoL 
tegrat Netherlands 6-3. 62. 

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6 Celtic Pnde’ Sinks Lower 

;utive Loss 


INTER NATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, M ONDAY, MARCH 3, 1997 

SPORTS 



PAGE 17 





The Associated Press 
Tfi& Bosto n Celtics, who have won 16 
NBA championships, equaled a less desirable 
r^brd when they lost a franchise-record- 
ryiug 13th straight game. 

The 99-31: loss on Saturday to the host 
Cleveland Cavaliers dropped Boston to II- 
second-worst record in the league. 
Boston almost ended the slide on Friday 
nigfif* ptirojt. but the Pistons' Lindsey 

. -NBA Rouhbbp 


if/ol>o/ 




• •; 'i-injns 

: In 


Huhter-.tied the game with three-tenths of a 
second Iteft in regulation time with an alley- 
oqp. slam dnnk. Detroit won, 106-100, in 
dbwile overtime. 

• : On Saturday. Terrell Brandon scored 14 of 
his;T9;points in the third quarter, as the Cavs 
pulfed away with a 20-5 ran. Brandon’s bril- 
liant left-handed ^coop shot gave the Cavs a 
: 6649 lead with -2:22 left in the third. 

: The Cavs, one of the worst offensive teams 
inthcNBA, have scored 100 points only three 
rinfcsjntbe last 15 games. But Cleveland held 
"the Celtics to 35 percent field-goal shooting. 
-The^Sth^straight Joss tied the franchise made 
"V1994. 

_ ay scored 18 points for Boston, 
iigbhe made only 6 of 1 4 shots from the 

field. 

. Buffets na, Kaniofs 108 Chris Webber 
;c^>rated his 24th birthday with a triple- 
• double to lend Washington over visiting 
r Golden State. '• 

Webber had 23 points, 15 rebounds and 10 


assists — his third consecutive triple-double 
against the Warriors, his first NBA team. 

. Juwan Howard scored 25 points for Wash- 
ington. which had lost 10 of its previous 13 
games. The Warriors lost for the 10th time in 
13 games. 

Latrell Sprewell scored 40 points for 
Golden State. 

Rockets 89, Mavericks 80 In Houston, 
Charles Barkley left the game in the first 
quarter with a lacerated hip, but Kevin Willis 
took his place and scored 26 points, leading 
Houston over Dallas. 

Barkley, who needed stitches, was injured 
with 7:44 left in the opening quarter when he 
collided with the Mavericks’ center, Shawn 
Bradley. He was taken to a hospital for X- 
rays. 

Ii was the second straight game in which 
the Rockets had lost a key player. Brent Price, 
a guard, was lost for the season with a tom 
ligament in his right knee last Thursday 
against Charlotte. 

iGno* 103 , Bucks 92 Billy Owens scored a 
season-high 31 points and grabbed 16 re- 
bounds for road-weary Sacramento. 

The Kings, playing for the fourth time in 
five nights, finished their four-game road trip 
at 2-2 by sending Milwaukee to its fifth 
straight loss. 

Mitch. Richmond added 28 points For the 
Kings, who have won four straight against 
Milwaukee. Olden Polyriice added 10 points 
and pulled down 15 rebounds. 

Vin Baker led the Bucks with 20 points and 
15 rebounds. 


2 Charleston Schools Win 
NCAA Tournament. Rerthi 


•c 


r_j,o 


• The Associated Press 

The College of Charleston 
came back from 12 points 
; down to beat Florida Inter- 
nationa}, 83-73, in the finals 
ofrjjf Trans America Athletic 
. Conference tournament and 
secure a place in the NCAA 
Tournament 

“We were on an NCAA 
tournament mission,” said 
John Kresse, the Cougars' 
coach. "We knew that from 
Day One. And we were just 
hot going to be denied.” 

Thaddeus Delaney scored 
13 of his 20 points in the 
second half^ Saturday as the 
20th-ranked Cougars -(28-2) 
went on a 17-4 nin that put 
them-up, 57-48, with 7:17 to 


They play Michigan State in 
their final home game 
Thursday. 

Minnesota took a 43-28 
halftime lead after holding In- 
diana to one basket over the 


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Andiony Johnson scored 15 
points, ' eight during the 
chaige.^-Charieston, which 
exteuded>America's longest 
vrinnnjgstreak to 22 games. 

Delaney added 15 re- 
bounds mid 5 blocks, and 
closed the game with a rim- 
ratiKng dunkto send Char- 
; leston tothe jtournament for 
the second: time. Their pre- 
•vt.Vjs visi^was in 1994. 

SenerDtrkack had a sea- 
son-high points to lead 
Florida'Bternational U6-13), 
which had won five straight 
and was trying for its second 
TAAC tdtirhameht title in 
three seasons. 

Hjfc j i toMO te 75, No. 22 
ln«fiiwa.'7a ^Indiana’s A.J. 
Gnytm clanged a last-second 
3-pomte^the rim to allow 
the Gokfea Gophers to cel- 
ebrate jfeff jBig Ten cham- 
pjqnsMp..srasoh with a home 
victoiy v ' 

. .Tie JG^bers (26-2, 15-1) 
clinched t$s title Wednesday 
with a i&taty at Michigan. 


final 8:11 of the first half. 
Courtney James, an Indi ana - 
polis native, led Minnesota 
with -14 points and 10 re- 
bounds. 

The loss hurt Indiana’s 
chances of returning to the 
NCAA tournament for the 
1 2tb straight season. The Hoo- 
saers (21-9, 8-8) are tied for 
sixth place in the Big Ten and 
may need victories oyer Wis- 
. cousin and Michigan State in 
their final two gabti&. 

No. 10 UCLA 74,' Oregon 87 
Oregon nearly ruined 
UCLA’s home farewell to se- 
niors Charles O'Bannon, 
Cameron Dollar and Bob My- 
ers. The Bruins (19-7, 13-3 
Pac-10) had to rally from a 
16-point deficit to beat the 
Ducks. 

O’Bannon had 23 points 
and nine rebounds as the Bra- 
ins won their seventh straight; 
game. The Bruins ensured at 
least a tie for their third con- 
secutive Pac-10 title and 
clinched the conference's 
automatic NCAA berth. 

The Ducks (16-10, 7-10) 
beat UCLA, 87-85, in over- 
time a month ago. - 

No. 4 Utah 78, No, 11 New 
Mexico 58 Keith Van Horn 
played his last home game 
and scored 29 points as the 
Utes took revenge on the 
Lobos for a ' loss in Al- 
buquerque last month. 

Van Horn hit lL .of 17 
shots, grabbed six rebounds 


and blocked three shots for 
the Utes (23-3. 15-1 Western 
Athletic Conference). New 
Mexico (22-6, 11-5) was led 
by Kenny Thomas's 18 
points. 

Murray Si 88, Austin Poay 

85 In Nashville, Darren 
Dawson scored 8 of his 15 
points in overtime as the 
Racers (20-19) won the Ohio 
Valley Conference tourna- 
ment title and a place in the 
NCAA Tournament. 

The Governors ( 1 7- 14). the 
tournament's top seed, and 
the Racers were tied at 79-79 
before the Racers took the 
lead for good on a tip by 
Aaron Page with 45.6 seconds 
left in the extra period. 

Cfmrtocton Southern 64, 
Liberty 54 In Lynchburg. Vir- 
ginia^ the Buccaneers rallied 
from ah 1 1-point deficit to 
win the Big South Confer- 
ence championship game and 
earn their first NCAA Tour- 
nament place. 

‘ ‘We have five seniors, and 
these guys know the mental 
toughness to win this land of 
game,” said Tom Conrad, 
coach of Charleston South- 
ern. which has an enrollment 
of just 2,600 students. 

Hie four senior starters left 
the game with 12 seconds 
left. 

“The look on their faces 
coming out is something FU 
cherish the rest of ray life,” 
Conrad said. . 

Charleston Southern (17- 
12) had lost to the Flames (23- 
9) twice this season, had lost 
its last three regular-season 
games and were playing with- 
out Errol McPherson, the 
team's second-leading scorer 
who injured his knee two 
weeks ago. 



New Devils Spark 
Team’s Hot Streak 

New Jersey Stops Penguins, 6-3 


, . , Rhona Wtse/Agcace Fraoct-Pituc 

Andrew Jones of the Braves sliding into second and trying to protect himself from 
the Expos* shortstop Andy Stankiewicz. Montreal won the spring training game 2-1. 

Clemens Sharp in Debut for Jays 


The Associated Press 

Roger Clemens made a 
good start for the Toronto 
Blue Jays, while Randy John- 
son gave the Seattle Mariners 
a reason to smile. 

Clemens, making his debut 
for Toronto, pitched three 

Spring Training 

scoreless innings in a 3-2 vic- 
loty Saturday over the St. 
Louis Cardinals at Dunedin, 
Florida. Clemens, a three- 
time Cy Young Award win- 
ner, allowed three hits, walked 
none and struck out two. 

After spending his entire 
baseball career with Boston, 
Clemens signed a S24 million, 
three-year deal with the Blue 
Jays starting this season. 

“Since we have a lot of 
new people down here, 
they'll get some of Roger's 
winning confidence,” said 
Cito Gaston, the Toronto 
manager. "Our young play- 
ers were watching him. Some 
of it will nib off, if they pay 
attention.” 

In Peoria, Arizona, the 
Mariners were pleased with 
what they saw when Johnson 
pitched batting practice. 

Facing batters for the first 
time since back surgery last 
i&Unitti 


27 pitches to four hitters. 

Johnson threw three 
swinging strikes. eight 
pitches mat were taken, four 
that were fouled off and 12 
that were hit. 

“I think he threw the ball 
well." manager Lou Piniella 


said. “Good velocity, good 
breaking ball.” Johnson, 33, 
won the American League’s 
Cy Young Award in 1995, 
going 18-2. But a herniated 
disc in his lower back limited 
him to eight starts last season, 
and he had surgery Sept. 12. 


The Associated Press 

John MacLean scored 
twice, and Doug Gilmour had 
a goal and an assist to give the 
New Jersey Devils their third 
straight triumph, a 6-3 victory 
over slumping Pittsburgh. 

The Devils' winning streak 
coincides with the arrival of 
Gilmour and Dave EUetr from 

NHL Roundup 

Toronto on Tuesday. Gilmour 
has scored a goal in all three of 
his games as a Devil. 

Valeri Zelepukin, Steve 
Thomas and Bill Guerin also 
scored for the Devils, who 
have lost only one of their last 
17 games. They also ran their 
borne unbeaten streak to 12. 

The Penguins, who have 
lost four in a row and eight of 
nine, fell behind 5-0 Saturday 
then got goals from Glen 
Murray, Gary Valk and Mario 
Lemieux in a span of 39 
seconds. 

Bruins 5, Ftymrs 5 Two de- 
fensemen, Bob Beers and Ray 
Bourque, scored 60-foot 
goals from the blue line in the 
final 1 : 17 to lift Boston into a 
tie with Philadelphia. 

Trent Klatt scored his first 
NHL hat trick for the Flyers, 
who lost a 3-0 lead in the first 
period and a 5-3 lead in the 
third. 

Lightning 2, Panthars O 

Rick Tabaracci stopped 24 
shots for his fourth shutout of 
the season as Tampa won the 
battle of Florida and extended 
its home unbeaten streak to 
seven games. 

Rad Wings 3, Hangars O 

Chris Osgood stopped 21 
shots for his sixth shutout of 
the season as Detroit exten- 
ded the New York Rangers' 
winless streak to eight. 

It was Osgood’s fifth 
straight victory. Darren Mc- 
Carty and Brendan Shanahan 
each had a goal and an assist, 
while Tomas Sandstrom ad- 
ded an empty-net goal for the 
Red Wings. 

Avalanche 2 , Blackhawka 1 

In Denver, Adam Deadmarsh 
scored on a penalty shot and 
Craig Billington made 29 
saves as Colorado ended a 


season-high two-game losing 
streak. 

Deadmarsh flicked a back- 
hander past Jeff Hackett on 
the first penalty-shot attempt 
of his career. Chris Chelios 
set up the shot at 10:44 of the 
thizd period when he tripped 
Deadmarsh with the BJacik- 
hawks on the power play. 
Claude Lemieux increased 
the lead in the third. Alexei : 
Zhamnov scored with 55 
seconds left for the Black- 
hawks. 

Sabres 3, Senators 1 Ron 
Tugnutt had a tough night in 
the Ottawa goal, allowing vis- 
iting Buffalo three goals on 
just 16 shots. 

Maple Leafs 3 Sharks 2 Tie 

Domi’s goal at 14:42 of the 
third period gave Toronto 
victory over San Jose. 

Kirk Muller and Darby 
Hendrickson scored for 
Toronto in the first period 
Dody Wood and Darren 
Turcotte scored for the 
Sharkis in the second 
Flames 4, Stars 1 Jarome 
Iginla scored his 20th and 
21st goals of the season as 
Calgary beat visiting Dallas. 

Iginla leads all NHL rookies 
with 47 points and is second in 
goals scored two behind St. 
Louis's Jim Campbell. 

Canadians 5, Oilers 4 Scott 
Thornton scored two goals, 
including die game-winner in 
the third period as Montreal 
won in Edmonton. 

Thornton, traded from Ed- 
monton to Montreal before 
the season, snapped a 4-4 tie 
with with 12:48 left. 

Thornton got the puck on a 
rebound in front of the net and 
fired it past Curtis Joseph for 
his 10th goal of the season. 

Kings 3, Canucks 0 In Van- 
couver, Stephane Fxset 
stopped 35 shots as Los 
Angeles won its fifth straight 
game and Vancouver lost for 
the fourth time in five. 

Ray Ferraro scored on a 
power play in the first period 
He worked a give-and-go 
with Ed Olczyk, then chipped 
a high shot over Kirk McLean 
in goal. Brad Smyth and Jeff 
Shevalier had the other goals 
for the Kings. 


September, the BigUnit threw 


: Escaits & fiutdes 


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BOXING Camacho Canes Sugar p.l 6 CYCLING Odd End to Strange Tour p. 1 6 NBA Celtics Equal a Sorry Record p 


.17 


Sports 


PAGE 18 


World Roundup 



lYe^of Sjmua/ABaicr Fnocr-Pmc 


Paul Adams, a South African 
spinner, bowling on Sunday. 


Australia in Charge 


CRICKET Greg Blewett scored 
his third test century and shared an 
unbroken 204-run fifth wicket 
partnership with Steve Waugh to 
put Australia firmly in charge on 
the third day of the first test 
against South Africa at the Wan- 
derers on Sunday. 

Australia finished the day on 
479 runs for four wickets fora lead 
of 177 with Blewett 156 not out 
and Waugh on 137. 

• New Zealand beat England by 
nine runs in a rain-effected one 
day international in Auckland on 
Sunday. The match, which had 
been postponed because of rain on 
Saturday, was reduced to 43 overs 
a side. England dismissed New 
Zealand for just 153 but was then 
out for 144 in reply when Gavin 
Larsen caught Chris Silverwood’s 
attempted six on the bound- 
ary. (Reuters) 


Bruins Trade Oates 


ice hockey The Boston Bru- 
ins traded Adam Oates to the 


Washington Capitals in a six- 


player trade but the star center did 
not report to his new team 
Sunday. 

“His agent requested we give 
him permission to re-think his 
situation, so he's begging off 
today’s game," David Poile, the 
Capitals general manager, said 
Sunday. 

Boston dealt Oates, the goalie 
Bill Ranford and the forward Rick 
Tocehet to Washington in ex- 
change for the goalie Jim Carey, 
who is a Boston-area native, and 
the centers Anson Carter and Jason 
Allison. Boston could also receive 
two draft picks if Washington 
resigns Tocehet f API 


Hoyas Gain Seeding 


college basketball Ya Ya 

Dia scored six points in a 14-4 run 
late in the second half and Victor 
Page scored 28 points as Geor- 
getown beat Providence, 67-56, 
on Sunday to gain the second seed 
in the Big East tournament (AP) 
Saturday's Games, Page 17. 


Stojko Lands New Jump 


FIGURE SKATING Elvis Stojko Of 
Canada jumped the first quad-triple 
combination in history to win the 
Champions Series Final in 
Hamilton, Ontario. 

Tara Lipinski, 14, again beat 
Michelle Kwan. Lipinski, who 
beat Kwan for the U.S. title in 
February, rebounded from a rough 
start and was first with four of the 
seven judges. (AP) 


Sampdoria Defeat 
Dents Title Hopes 


Reuters 

Juventus took another step Sunday 
toward celebrating its 100th anniversary 
with its 24th Italian league title — even 
though it was at home resting. 

Sampdoria, which started the week- 
end in second place, lost. 2-1 , at home to 
Bologna to leave Juventus seven points 
clear at the top of Serie A. 

Juventus beat Vicenza, 2-0, in Turin 
on Saturday in a game brought forward 
because the team is playing in the 
Champions Cup on Wednesday. 

Juventus played without Alessandro 
del Piero, Alen Boksic, Zinedine Zidane 


Eiibomah Soccer 


and Didier Des champs. Angelo Di Li- 
vio, who had not scored a goal in two 
seasons, put Juventus ahead with a 23d 
minute lob and Michele Padovano 
scored the second, a 64th minute pen- 
alty. 

Inter Milan beat Piacenza. 3-0. in a 
game also played Saturday. Gianluca 
Pagliuca saved a first-half penalty and 
England's Paul Ince scored twice. 

Parma beat struggling Cagliari, 3-2. 
Lilian Thuram and Hern an Crespo, who 
scored twice, put Parma ahead by 3-0 
before Sandro Tovalieri scored twice 
for Cagliari. 

Vincenzo Momella gave Sampdoria 
the lead against Bologna in the 22d 
minute with his I4th goal of the season. 
But Igor Kolyvanov thundered home a 
25-meter free kick and then scored the 
winner from close range in the last 
minute. Juventus is seven points clear of 
Parma and Inter. AC Milan is in 11th 
place after its 1-1 home draw with 
Roma. 

ENGLAND A late goal from midfield- 
er Ian Taylor gave Aston Villa a 1-0 
victory over Liverpool Sunday which 
left leaders Manchester United four 
points clear at the top of die English 
premier league. 

Sunday's match at Villa Park was 
locked at 0-0 until the 83d minute when 
Andy Townsend swung in a cross and 
Taylor stole in unmarked to fire a shot 
past goalkeeper David James. 


Taylor's goal was the first Liverpool 


had conceded in the league since New 
Year’s Day. 

On Saturday, Manchester United 
scored twice in the first five minutes 
Saturday and beat Coventry, 3- 1 . 

Arsenal moved into third with a 2-0 
victory at Eveiton but the other con- 
tenders lost Newcastle fell, 1-0, at 
home to struggling Southampton, 
Wimbledon let in three goals in the first 
32 minutes and lost, >1, at home to 
Leicester City and Chelsea led twice at 
Derby before losing, 3-2. Ashley Ward 
scored the winner in the last minute. 

brain Real Beds regained third place 


in the Spanish league Sunday with a 2-1 
home win over struggling Hercules. 

Finidi George and Alfonso Perez 
scored the goals for the Seville team, 
which trails Barcelona — who were 
humiliated at Tenerife on Saturday — 
by three points. Real Madrid, the lead- 
ers. are a further six points ahead and 
play Espanyol on Monday. 

Barcelona had the defenders Miguel 
Angel Nadal and Abelando Fernandez 
sent off in its 4-0 loss. 

FRANCE Paris St. Germain led Cler- 
mont of the fourth division. 4-1 . with 22 
minutes to play in the French cup and still 
lost. Clermont fought back to 4-4 and 
won the penalty shoot out. 4-3. 

Goalkeeper Olivier Enjoiras. a clothes 
salesman, put Che amateurs into the 
quarter-finals by saving penalties from 
Paul Le Guen and Vincent Guerin. 

Auxerre. the French champion and 
cup holder, lost 1-0 at home to second 
division Troyes. 

Montpellier beat five-time winners 
Lille, 3-0, to complete a French Cup 

? uarter-final line-up including four non- 
irst division sides following the shock 
elimination of Auxerre and PSG. 

Patrice Loko put PSG 4-1 ahead in 
the 68th minute. A minute later 
Chastang pulled another goal back for 
Clermont, and in the final seven minutes 
Dermont pulled level with goals by its 
captain. Le Bellec. the only professional 
in the home team, and a last-minute own 
goal by PSG’s Bruno N’Gotty. 

Germany Christian Ziege struck 
twice as Bayern Munich beat Duisburg, 
5-2. on Saturday to stay three points 
clear at the top of the German first 
division. 

The Bavarians could even afford the 
luxury of missing a second-half penalty 
after first-half goals from German in- 
ternationals Juergen Klinsmann and 
Mario Busier and an own goal from die 
visitors by Markus Reiter in the 53d 
minute. 

Defender Alfred Nijhuis scored two 
late consolation goals for promoted 
Duisburg. 

The champions. Borussia Dortmund, 
won by 4- 1 at home over middle-of -the- 
table I860 Munich to stay second. 

Former Germany striker Karlheinz 
Riedle opened the scoring in the 22d 
minute before further goals from Por- 
tuguese midfielder Paulo Sousa, Swiss 
Stephane Chapuisat and defender Juer- 
gen Kohler completed the rout 
But Bayer Leverkusen, who started 
the day level on points with Dortmund, 
lost ground after a goalless draw at 
lowly Fortuna Duesseldorf. 

NETHERLANDS Pablo Sanchez 
scored twice as Feyenoord beat bottom 


MMm Aamoo/Atcacc 

Bjorn Daehlie, who won three gold medals in the Nordic World Cham- 
pionships, skis past Norwegian fans in Sunday's 50-kilometer race. 


club NEC Nijmegen 2-0 to go level on 


points with Dutch league leaders PSV 
Eindhoven on Saturday. 


Rookie Shocks Norman and Woosnam 


Renters 

DUBAI — Richard Green, an Aus- 
tralian underdog, sank a 1 2-foot bird- 
ie putt on the first hole of a sudden 


death playoff against Greg Norman 


and Ian Woosnam to win the Dubai 
Desert Classic on Sunday. 

t-handef from 


The 26-year-old left- 
Melbourne, in his first full year on the 
European Tour, made his winning 
birdie after compatriot Norman and 
Woosnam missed their attempts. 

Woosnam took a iwo-stroke lead 
into the last regulation hole but threw 
the title away when he chipped his 
approach into the water at the par five 
18th. Woosnam made a bogey six to 
get into the playoff after Green had 
made a 25-foot birdie and Norman a 


birdie from eight feet. Norman shot a 
final round of 66, Green 68 and 
Woosnam 69 for 16-under-par ag- 
gregates of 272. 

Bernhard Longer was fourth after a 
closing 69. He lost his chance when 
he shot a bogey six at the long 15tb 
hole. 


■ Faldo Leads Nissan Open 

Nick Faldo hit a third-round 68 on 
Saturday to take a one-shot lead into 
the final round of the Nissan Open at 
the Riviera Country Club in Los 
Angeles, the Los Angeles Times re- 
ported, 

Faldo was on nine-under par, a shot 
better than defending champion Craig 
Stadler and Scott McCarro. 


Spain and U.S. Humbled in Fed Cup 

Belgium and Netherlands Top Usual Women’s Tennis Powers 


Gofff'Ard by Our Ftoi DupuMm 

The United States, the reigning 
champion, and Spain were bundled out 
of the Fed Cup on Sunday, ending their 
recent domination of the women's team 
tennis event 

The United States, under its new 
coach. Martina Navratilova, dropped 
both reverse singles to lose by 3-2 to the 
Netherlands, while Belgium won all 
four singles marches against Spain. 

Spain has won four of the last six 
titles. The United States has won the 
competition 15 times since its inception 
in 1963. 

They face a play-off to stay in World 
Group One. 

In Haarlem, near Amsterdam, Brenda 
Schultz- McCarthy of the Netherlands 
recovered from a nervous start to beat 
the American Mary Joe Fernandez, 1-6 
6-4 9-7, and Miriam Ore mans sealed the 
outcome with a straight-sets triumph 
over Chanda Rubin. 

The Netherlands will meet the Czech 
Republic, which defeated Germany, in 


the semifinals in July. 

In Sprimont. Belgium, Arantxa Sanc- 
hez Vicario suffered her second defear 
in .two days as the Belgians gained an 
unexpected place in the semifinals, 
where they will face France. 

The Spaniard, who lost to the sub- 
stitute Els Cal lens on Saturday, fell by 
6-3 2-6 8-6, to Sabine Appel mans on 
Sunday. 

France survived two marathon 
struggles and a surprise loss by Mary 
Pierce to beat Japan. 4-1. in Tokyo. 

After comfortably winning both 
singles Saturday. Pierce and Nathalie 
Tauziat spent more than seven hours on 
court in two reverse singles matches. 

Ai Sugiyama upset Pierce. 7-5 6-7 6- 
4, in a contest lasting 3 hours 10 
minutes. Tauziat needed 4 hours 5 
minutes to beat Naoko Sawamatsu by 7- 
5 4-6 17-15. (Reuters. AP) 

■ Ivanisevic Speeds to Milan Win 

Goran Ivanisevic retained his Milan 
indoor title Sunday, when he crushed 


Sergi Bruguera of Spain. 6-2 6-2. in the 
final. 

The Association of Tennis Profes- 
sionals said the match lasted 47 minutes 
and was the shortest in the history of the 
tour. Italian television timed the match 
at 43 minutes 30 seconds. 

The previous shortest was the final 
between David Prinosil of Germany and 
Petr Konda of the Czech Republic in 
October last year. It lasted 52 minutes. 

Bruguera emerged somewhat shell- 
shocked. Asked to describe what 
happened, he said simply. “Ace after 
ace." 

Ivanisevic, ranked No. 5 in the world, 
never lost his serve and fired 12 aces in 
total to collect the trophy. 

Asked what he thought it must be like 
to play such a hard-serving player as 
himself, the Croat thought for a moment 
and then said: "If he plays like today, 
then it’s very tough to beat him." 

‘'When Goran serves like that, there 
is nothing you can do,” Bruguera said. 
“You can't moke the break,” 



non VdoBc/TV Auodatcd Pren 

Martina Navratilova suffering as 
Mary Fernandez lost In Fed Cup. 


■wi 




MONDAY, MARCH 3. 1997 




To One Title 
And Closes In 
On 2 Others 


KVJTFJELL. Norway — Luc AT- 
phand won one Alpine skiing World 
Cup title Sunday ana tightened his grip 
on two others. 

High winds Saturday had forced the 
oostponement of the downhill. It was 
raced Sunday morning instead and fol- 
lowed in the afternoon by the super-G, 
In the morning. AJphand clinched his 
third consecutive downhill World Cup 
title after finishing fifth behind the Nor- 
wegian winner Lasse Kjus. A few hours 
later he finished a joint fourth f.jjb. 
Hermann Maier of Austria in the super- 
G to maintain his 69-point lead in the 
rankings with one race remaining. 

The two results left him 193 points 
clear of Kjetil Andre Aamodt of Nor- 
way in the battle for the overall crown. 

“I skied much the some in the super- 
G as I did in the downhill, aggressi ye but 
safe," . AJ phand said. “My goal in the 
overall was to stay around 200 points 
ahead of Aamodt so now lei's see what 
he can do in Japan." 

Aamodt will have to win both the 
giant slalom and slalom races in Japan 
next weekend if he. wants to erase the 
Frenchman's advantage before they ar- 
rive in Vail for the World Cup finals. 

Aamodt was seventh in the downhill 
and ninth in the super-G. 

Kjus, Aamodt 's Norwegian team- 
mate, had a far better day on home snow. 
He won the downhill and was third in 
the super-G. i 

Kjus led Saturday's downhill untir of- 
ficials abandoned the race just two skiers 
before it would have become official. 

He broke up an Austrian sweep in the 
Super-G. Josef Strobl was first, bis 
teammate Andreas Schifferer was 
second, Kjus was third and Maier a joint 
fourth with Alphand. 

• Varvara Zelenskaya jumped into 
first place in women's World Cup 


downhill rankings Sunday with her 
i victory in three days c 


second victory in three days on the 
course of next year's Nagano Winter 
Olympics. It was the Russian’s third 
consecutive World Cup downhill vic- 
tory and the fourth of her career. 

The race was postponed Saturday be- 
cause of heavy rain. When it was run. 
Zelenskaya clocked one minute 35.64 
seconds to take a two-point lead in the 
downhill rankings over Switzerland’s 
Heidi Zurbriggen, who was eighth. 

PBmillaWiberg of Sweden, die World 
Cup overall leader, finished .45 seconds 
behind Zelenskaya. Renate GoeLsch! of 
Austria was further two-hundredths of a 
second back. (AP. Reuters) 


Fiiin Wins Nordic Finale 


Mika Myllylae of Finland claimed 
the final gold at the Nordic skiing world 
championships Sunday with a victory' in 
the 50-ldlometer cross country classic. 
Reuters reported from Trondheim. 

Myllylae had finished second in the 
15 -kilometer pursuit and the relay and 
third in the 1 0-kilometer classic. On 
Sunday, be overcame pouring rain and 
sticky snow to clock a winning time of 
two hours 16 minutes 37.50 seconds. 

Norway's Erling Jevne finishing 
54.90 seconds back in second and Nor- 
wegian Bjorn Daehlie, who had won 
three golds at the championships was 
third, 1:58.50 behind the winner. 

Daehlie started strongly and led for 
some 30 kilometers before fading. 
Daehlie, who won gold over the dis- 


tance at the 1992 Olympics in Alty- 

of ccttl- 


tville, said the drain of 10 days 
petition had taken its toll. 

"That race, coming at the end of a 
long competition, is always very dif- 
ficult. I was tired and in the last 20 
kilometers. I just couldn't keep up with 
Mika.” 

Russia topped the final medal stand- 
ings with six golds, one silver and three 
bronze medals. Norway was second 
with four golds, four silvers and three 
bronzes, Finland finished with eight 
medals, three of them gold. 

E lena Valbe of Russia complered a 
first-ever sweep of five races in the same 
championships Saturday when she won 
the woman’s 30 kilometer classical. 



Ever}’ country has Its own AT&T Access Number which 
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AT&T Access ftumDers 



arjauwj., m. , 


Steps to folio* vfaea calling 
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I Just dial Hie AT&T Access Number 
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900-99-08-11 

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Canl Bod lie Accra* tounber for (be country m 're calling from? Jus ask any operator f ur 
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